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A Biographical Sketch of Professor March. 

rRANCIS ANDREW MARCH, Sr.. was born in the village of Millbury. Mass.. October 25, 1825. In his 
boyhood he evinced a decided taste for literature, and, his ambitions being fostered, he improved his oppor- 
tunities so well that in 1845 he was graduated from Amherst College, v/hich in 1848 bestowed upon him 
the degree of A. M. He entered upon the study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 1850, but ill health 
compelled him to give up an excellent practice, whereupon he turned to his favorite studies, philosophy, language 
and literature, in which he very soon gained permanent fame among colleges and learned persons of both Europe 
and America. In 1870 the degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by Princeton, and in 1871 by Amherst. 
In 1887 Columbia honored him with the degree of L.H.D.,andin 1396 he received from Oxford, England, 
the title of D.C.L.,and from Cambridge, England, and also from Princeton, the same year, the very distin- 
guished degree of Litt.D. 

Professor March was called to the chair of English Language and Comparative Philology of Lafayette 
College, in 1857. which he has ever since occupied despite offers from the greatest colleges of the world. He 
is a pioneer in the study of English Classics and English Literature, and is regarded as the first authority living 
on derivation, spelling, definition and grammar, and as a linguist he has had no equal since thi death of Max 
Miiller. He was elected president of the American Philological Association in 1873. and again in 1896, and has 
served as president of the Spelling Reform Association since its organization in 1876. He succeeded James 
Russell Lowcii as president of the Modern Language Association of America, in 1891 ; is Vice-President of the 
New Shakspere Society, London, and an honorary member of the Philological Society, Lcndon, and L'Associ- 
ation Fonetique de Professeurs de Langues Vivants, Paris. He is also Senator of Phi Beta Kappa, member 
of the National Council of Education, of the American Philosophical Society, and cf the American Antiquariaa 
Society, and Chairman of the Pennsylvania Commission on Amended Orthography. Since 1879 Prof: 
March is Director of American Readers for the Oxford (Murray's), England, Dictionary, the greatest v 
cf the kind ever undertaken, and is consulting editor of the Standard Dictionary. 

Professor March is the* author of many educational works that are used as text books in rl. , 
famous colleges cf Europe and America. In 1865 Harpers published his " Method cf Philoloa; 

j S3 1 nc 

of the English Language," and in 1369 " A Parser and Analyzer for Beginners." A year la/. . , 

publishing house brought out his "Comparative Grammar of the Anglo-Saxon Language's' ^ , . 

Saxon Reader." Professor March has contributed largely to magazines on the subject of r° , ' _. ... 

Jfins with English 
written numerous learned articles for leading encyclopedias. He is also editor cf "Latin y _ , 

Notes," "Eusebius," "Tertullian," "Athenagoras." and other classics published by Harp^' _ .. . 

/authority on English 
pedist and Lexicographer, Professor March is justly world-famous, and as a linguist ^ 

literature he is, perhaps, without a compeer. 

Thesaurus Dictionary 


English Language 





A Dictionary, Synonyms, Antonyms, Idioms, 
Foreign Phrases, Pronunciations, A Co- 
pious Correlation of Words 



ssorof the English Language and Comparative Philology at Lafayette College; Author of "A Comparative Grammar 
of the Anglo-Saxon Language," "Method of Philological Study of the English Language," etc.. Editor of the " Douglas 
Series of Christian, Latin and Greek Classics," etc.; Consulting Editor of the "Standard Dictionary," Director of 
American Readers for the Historical English Dictionary of the Philological Society. England; President of the American 
Philological Association. 1S73-4. g6-7 ; President of the Modern Language Association of America, 1891-3, 



Professor of English Literature at Lafayette Collet •, Assistant in English at Cornell University, 1SS3; Assistant in 
Etymologies upon tin 1 "Century Dictionary," Editor of Etymologies upon the "Standard Dictionary," Organizer 
Director of the corns of vcurkers on the "Thesaurus Dictionary of the Ernli^h Language." 





Copyright, 1902 


James W. Buel. 

Enl* red at Stationer^ Hall, 
I^ondon, England. 

Patent Applied For. 

A Foreword by Professor March 

In London, 1 852, appeared o volume entitled, "Thesaurus of English Words and 
Phrases, Classified and Arranged so as to Facilitate the Expression of Ideas and Assist in 
Literary Composition, by Peter Mark Roget, M. D., F. R. S." It was intended to supply a 
collection of the words and idiomatic combinations of the English language, " arranged, 
not in alphabetical order as they are in a dictionary, but according to the ideas which they 
express," so that any one who has an idea may here find the word or words by which it 
may be most fitly and aptly expressed. This book has been for half a century a familiar 
part of the machinery used by authors, preachers, lecturers and the like. The number of 
sych persons has lately increased rapidly. Writing also fills a larger place in our schemes 
of education. The students of our universities have little time for Socratic dialogue ; they 
hand in essays day by day, and close their careers with original theses as heavy as articles 
in the quarterlies. Mr. J. W. Buel, who has proved himself to be an accurate observer of 
the needs of the book-buying public, and who has long used Roget, has thought that its 
material may be prepared and supplemented for a wider sphere, and has accordingly set 
on foot the preparation of the present volume. 

The first shortcoming in Roget is that there are no definitions of the words or 
explanations of the phrases. The book is really an index of words to be looked up in 
dictionaries and cyclopedias, unless one comes to it with his mind thoroughly stored with 
words and meanings. Besides the single words there are collected phrases, kennings, and 
longer familiar quotations in English and foreign languages. These are all helpful to the 
literary worker. There has been a great accumulation of them in the latest dictionaries, in 
the Century, the Standard, and in the Oxford Dictionary. The Standard has gone farthest 
in the collection of groups of words, giving, for example, groups of names of apples, and coins, 
and structures, and animals. The Oxford prints the most numerous phrases, and adds 
quotations containing them which exhibit their biographies. The time seems ripe for a 
Thesaurus, bringing together groups of them, accompanied by concise definitions giving in 
each group the meaning of each word as used in the group. 

Then there is difficulty with the machinery for finding any particular word or phrase. 
Early vocabularies often consist of groups arranged by their ideas. That of iElfric, a 

tenth century Anglo-Saxon work, begins with farmers' tools all in o heap; then come ecclesi- 
astical matters, then political, then diseases, then wild beasts, insects, vessels, a room and its 
contents, and so on. Nothing could be done with the materials of the Oxford Dictionary, or 
the Century, or Standard, on any soch plan. Dictionaries are sometimes arranged according 
to a philological system. Ettmiiller 's Anglo-Saxon Dictionary has the words classified under 
their roots, and the roots and words arranged according to the scientific order of the sounds. 
The beginner has to master this order of sounds, and then to guess under what root his word 
belongs — or rather under what root Ettmiiller thinks it belongs. He has, in fact, to learn the 
language to its depths before he can use the dictionary. 

Roget's arrangement is primarily one of nameoble objects. "It is impossible we 
should thoroughly understand the nature of the signs unless we first properly consider and 
arrange the things signified," is his motto, taken from Home Tooke's " Diversions of 
Purley." He classifies nameables, after the manner of the English psychologists, into matter, 
mind (intellect, volition, affections), space and abstract relations, and divides and subdivides 
these until he makes out an even thousand divisions, and into these he puts all the words. In 
order to find any word it was necessary to think out in which subdivision its idea belongs. 
This is worse than Ettmiiller. It was necessary to add a verbal index, alphabetically 
arranged, with references to the groups by number. It is not easy, indeed, to find a word 
after you know the number of its group, for the group may contain hundreds of words in no 
manageable order. 

The machinery of a serviceable dictionary is found in the alphabet. The invention of 
alphabetic writing has been often pronounced the most important ever made. It is not the 
least of its benefits to mankind that it affords the means of making knowledge accessible. 
Every one knows the letters of the alphabet. If all thoughts are arranged under their words, 
and the words arranged in alphabetic order, any one can find off-hand any of the million facts 
and thoughts which are stored in the dictionary. The use of the simple alphabetic order is 
almost as important an invention as the representation of words by single signs of their 
elementary sounds. 

The material of this Thesaurus has been brought to alphabetic order. Our publisher 
suggested that it be called a THESAURUS DICTIONARY, believing that the word 
"Thesaurus" will easily assume the meaning of groups, and "Dictionary" that of alphabetic 

In using the THESAURUS DICTIONARY, look up any word connected with your sub- 
ject in its alphabetic place in the vocabulary list in larger black type, exactly as in a com- 
mon dictionary. Anger, for example, is found thus on page 45. It is there briefly defined as 
a violent passion, and two groups to which it belongs are then mentioned in small capitals, 
Excitability-Inexcitability and Favorite-Anger. To study the first group torn 
to excitability-inexcitability in its alphabetical place in the general vocabulary, 
page 372. There, under this heading, are two parallel columns, the left-hand for excita- 
bility, the right for inexcitability, each running on for a couple of pages and bringing 

. _J 

together some one hundred and fifty words and phrases. These are divided into noons, 
verbs, verbal phrases, adjectives, etc., arranged in alphobetic order. The first column 
contains all words and phrases naturally associated according to the laws of similarity, 
contiguity and comprehension.— synonyms and the like; the second column contains a similar 
group related to the first column according to the law of contrast,— antonyms, polar opposites, 
and the like. By means of cross-references, other groups of associated meaning are 
brought to the attention. 

A large collection of groups like these, printed without alphabetic order and without 
definitions, notes or comments, constitutes the Thesaurus of Roget or the Dictionnaire Ide'o- 
logique of Robertson. It is obvious that this is really an index of words to be studied in other 
dictionaries, unless the student be thoroughly stored beforehand with words and meanings. 

An attempt has been made in this volume to give the less accomplished student 
further help in his handling of the groups, and his use of them for original work. In 
the first place the words and phrases are defined. The dictionaries try first to state,, 
with exactness and clearness, the thought for which each word stands. The student of lit- 
erature or oratory knows that putting together these dictionary definitions does not give the 
full force of the great passages. When words are idiomatically put together, the combination 
is not agglutinative; relations between the words appear, and the result is not a mechanical 
compound, but chemical, or, rather, vital, especially when the melody of the voice is added. 

The definition is an idea, a solid intellectual center; the emotions which have been felt 
with it rise in memory with it, and give it an aureole, a halo, a nimbus, a glory, spheres of 
radiance. A word is thus a living power, with an individuality embodied in its root and 
affixes. It has a history; it has a character derived from its history. Every familiar phrase in 
which it occurs, every great passage in literature in which it is found, every great occasion with 
which it is associated, every honored name with which it is connected adds to its charm. 
Every happy phrase in Gray's "Elegy in a Country Churchyard" adds to the charm 
of every other. Every resonant word in the Declaration of Independence, or in Webster's 
Speech for Liberty and Union, has new power, and when the great orator repeats the magic 
words of Milton and Shakespeare he redoubles their harmonies. Every kind of favorable 
influence combines to strengthen and beautify the moving idiom of our English Bible. 

In order to aid workers in literature to perceive and enjoy these associations, the defi- 
nitions here given are often turned so as to suggest the original thought of the word, the 
beginning of its history, especially if it is derived from the name of some person or place worthy 
of renown. In the group of words we have mentioned under Excitability are Quixo- 
tism, chivalry run mad in amiable madness, as in "Don Quixote" of Cervantes; Agony, 
like that of a wrestler in the Olympic games; Patience on a monument, defined as 
"smiling at grief," and given its Shakespearian grace by reference to "Twelfth Night" 
si, 4. There is Stoicism, dignifying the "Stoic of the Woods, the man without a tear," 
in Campbell's "Gertrude of Wyoming," and there are Chaucer's "making a virtue of 
necessity;" Inextinguishable laughter of the gods, from Homer, "Iliad I, 268"; 
Volcanic, like the chimney of the forge of Vulcan ; the Bible's itching ears; 

Shakespeare's itching palm ; Mens aequa in arduis, " equanimity in difficulties," 
the trait of Warren Hastings recorded on his portrait at Calcutta. 

In the reign of Queen Anne Englishmen spoke of living in the Augustan age of the Eng- 
lish language; they thought it had reached perfection, and they wanted a dictionary that 
should record the words then in use and be a standard for future generations. Dr. Johnson's 
great dictionary was widely accepted as such a standard. Authors of eminence were careful 
not to use any word not in Johnson. Critics pounced upon every writer who strayed from the 
standard. Slang was deadly sin. The golden age was to be kept pure from it forever. 
There are still survivors of this period. Not long ago the " Sunday School Times " sent 
out an inquiry about tireless and some eminent authors answered that they had thought 
it good, but since it was not in Worcester or Webster, they would not use it. 

But we have changed all that. We see that a language must change with each genera- 
tion. If it is to live it must be supplied with a constant inflow of new words, of which a vital 
part comes from the feeling and imagination of persons who utter themselves in slang. A 
living language is a lake from which there is a constant flow of words to the ocean of oblivion, 
and which has a constant supply from the fountain of popular talk. 

During the last half century more new words and phrases have poured into the 
English language than in any century before ; new arts and new sciences have swollen 
the inflow. In this volume many new words will be found added to the old groups, 
and a number of new groups have been gathered, chiefly words of the' expanding sciences, 
such as biology, chemistry, and electricity. These we cordially commend to the atten- 
tion and use of all students. 

Those who may find expressions which they recognize as living slang worthy of 
longer life, we advise to use it with some token, as Lord Bacon does, when he says, " It 
is a doll thing to tire, and, as we say now, to jade anything too far." 



Of the making of hooks there is no limit, but like the great numbers of fish in the sea, it is 
the comparatively few that arc worth the taking. The most valuable are those that give us the 
most useful information, and such as we requently to consult. An encyclopedia is 

extremely valuable, but it is not so necessary for reference as a dictionary, nor is any other book- 
so beneficial for serving our daily needs. To livi withoul a dictionary is to be deprived of the 
means of understanding what we read, and, very often, what we hear. It is, indeed, the indis- 
: dilc requisite oi every home. 

Professor .March's Thesaurus Dictionary is a work produced by the most fai e the 

most learned, lexicographer not only of America, I e world. The service which Wei 

performed, in giving us a good American Dictionary, which has sen. i large our vocabulary 

and thereby the better qualify us to express our thoughl - titles his memory to un- 

fading praise. But great as was Webster's work, for the benefits named, that of Professor Ma 

is .1 I; rid no less imporl forward in helpful- 

ness to a kno the English Language, for his dic- 

tionary not only prints definitions, but the chii ^e of 


his Thesaurus is to enable those who use it I nee to have at their command the exact words 

required to definitely and forcibly express any idea they may wish to convey. What man or 

m, however learned or experienced, has mastered all, or more than a small fraction, of the 
words that make up the total of the English language? It is not difficult to imagine with what 
veneration the world would hold a person who is abl perly use. at will, every word prii 

in unabridged dictionaries. 

We observe the small child trying to express its thoughts, or longings, and smile at its use of 

inapt terms and its frequent repetitions. The child has as yet learned the use of only a few words, 

ind this small vocabulary renders it necessary to make one word serve several meanings. The 

little knowledge that the child manifests is comparative only, for we as often see men of good 
intelli of education as well, who for lack of an adequate vocabulary halt repeal ami 

stumble, and make use of words that have small relevancy, in an effort to express an idea, or describe 
a fact or thing. 

But the difficulty of always recalling, or knowing the right word needed to convey exactly our 
thoug I >ne which even the most fluent speakers and 1 t lucid writers encounter with such 

frequenc; that search for the one word particularly desired for the occasion occupies so much of 
their time that their minds are kept upon a great strain; or, as Richard Le Gallienne has de- 
ed, "the search often becomes something like a tragedy." Indeed, it is said that Flaubert, one 
of the most exact of French writers, sacrificed his life in the ardent pursuit of particular w 

ulty <>f selecting proper words in attempts to precisely convey our thoughts toothers 
comes from inadequacy on the one hand, and exaggeration on the other. Ordinarily, we may be 
able to make ourselves understood, even with a limited vocabulary, but it very frequently happens, 
even to the most scholarly, that words are i ir uses and situations both subtle and complex, 

and then it is that deficiency in word knowledge becomes a matter of intense irritation. 

The English language is so rich that for every fact and feeling there is an exact word ; a word 
in shape, size, color, and sound, that absolutely and uniquely embodies the fact and feeling one 
desires to express. In short, the "unique," or exact word, is the very philosopher's stone of litera- 
ture, and thus it is that the search for it is a life-time pursuit, followed with persistency and a 
sense of profound annoyance, by all who write or speak. 

But the scholarly writer, who has more frequent occasion to employ unusual words, and 
therefore has need for the larger vocabulary, finds it quite as difficult to express himself as does 
the ordinary business man, mechanic, farmer, or pupil. Indeed, as our professions and pursuits 
modify our educational requirements, all persons in the range between the most highly cultured 
and the least educated, find equal difficulty in recalling, on the moment, appropriate words neces- 
sary to express ideas with definiteness. 

For more than four centuries, as several cumbersome compilations of old lexicographers 
show, efforts have been made to produce a book that would give immediate use of a comprehensive 
vocabulary, but all such works of dictionary-makers were failures, so complete as to be of little 
or no more use than the crude dictionaries of the times themselves. It must be apparent that such 
a book, for great usefulness, must not only contain an unabridged collection of related words, in 
alphabetical arrangement, but also the definition and pronunciation of each word, so that when 
found its proper use is at once determined, without need of referring to a dictionary for an ex- 
planation of the meaning. All the objections to previous compilations are removed by Professor 
F. A. March's "Thesaurus Dictionary of the English Language," and besides making his work a 
very marvel of word gathering, he has added many relevant features which serve to justify the 
claim that, for its purposes, no book ever before published exceeds it in practical value and real im- 

The production of a dictionary is an enterprise that necessarily involves an enormous expendi- 
ture of money, and the employment of the best talent obtain- 
able. But the compilation of a Thesaurus Dictionary is a 
superlative work of importance and complexity, which requires 


the very highest order of learning and the most critical accuracy in its several features of spelling, 
pronunciation, concise definition, and shades of difference in the signification of related, or so-called 
synonymous terms. These attentions are extremely necessary, as every one must appreciate, 
but infinitely more exhaustive and critical is the labor of bringing together into close and alpha- 
betical association, for prompt reference, all the words of the English language in their respective 
relationships of significance. 

Webster's Dictionary provides a means whereby we may quickly ascertain the meaning of 
any word in our language. Professor March's Thesaurus gives the same knowledge, but in addition 
thereto it enables any one to reclaim a word forgotten ; to recover and correctly use a word needed 
to convey exactly an idea. Every day you are vexed by vain efforts to recall a word, which 
you may kno%v exists, that will definitely, precisely, express an idea which you wish to convey. 
Everybody is troubled in the same way. Well, by the quick aid of the Thesaurus Dictionary 
you can promptly find the needed word, quite as easy as it is to find the definition of a given 
word in Webster's. More than this even, this Thesaurus will suggest a word which you may re- 
quire; to find any term it is necessary merely to refer to a simple word that has some relation, in 
significance, to the idea sought to be conveyed, whereupon you are directed, by reference words, 
printed in small capital letters, to the captions under which will be found all the words that 
have any affinity to the subject in mind. This is accomplished by a practical system of 
alphabetic grouping of all words of our language according to their relationships in meaning. 

Or, to explain more lucidly, a word is taken; for example, let the word be "Good" or "Good- 
ness," page 460. We turn to this word in its alphabetical arrangement, just as in any dictionary, 
and there we find it given, with definition, but immediately following we find also every important 
word in our language that has any relationship to "Goodness." And besides the words and defi- 
nitions under the caption "Goodness" we find also the foreign phrases — all phonetically pro- 

nounccd — that one is liable to meet with in reading upon a subject allied to "Goodness." More- 
over, it will be noticed that in the column directly opposite the caption word is "Badness," or the 
antithesis of "Goodness," and under that term will be found every important word in our language 
that is associated with evil, together also with the foreign phrases applicable thereto. 

Thus it will be observed that to facilitate the search for particular words needed, this system 
ol grouping all relati d terms is perfected !>\ printing all words alphabetically, and also by placing 
the positive term with its negative in parallel I , in the example given, Goodness 

is the caption word of one column, with all its kindred terms following, while in the opposite parallel 
column, appears the antithetical caption, Badness, with its related terms. We will find the 
same i ateg TV of words of related significance if we refer to any word that has affinity in meaning 
for either "good" or "bad." 

Any word followed up in the Thesaurus will serve to illustrate how this great servi 
formed, and, for a specific example, let us take the positive and negative terms, "Faith-Mi 
page 389, and three pages following. Here yon will find, under this caption, every word, synonym 
and its opposite, that has any relationship, in significance, to these two terms, a list which 1 
350 words and phrases. This list is multiplied by following the correlated divisions ui 
such captions as " Godliness-Ung ." page 454; "Bigotry-Apostasy," page 106; " 

rightness-Dishonesty," pagcii23; "1 .."page 739; "Carelessness-Skeptici 

page 241; "Theology," page 1058; "Sanguineness-Hopelessness," page 933 ; 

page 719, etc. Similarly there is a complete list of all kindred words pertaining to the 
subjects: "Beauty-Ugliness," page 92; "Creation-Destruction," page 237; "Affluence-Penury," 
page 27; "Astronomy," page 75, etc. It will be noticed also that while all associated words are 
given alphabetically, each one is concisel) show clearly the different shades of 

meaning, besides this, you will find incorporated in the extensive category of related terms, 

many foreign phrases duly translated, and that the grammati- 
cal analysis throughout is complete. The same systematic 
j exhaustive collection of kindred ■« will be found 


if we examine other terms. 

It is the man or woman who has I I command of language that is able to express an 

idea with the greatest force anil clearness. Those who have a copious vocabulary are the ones 
who speak most eloquently and write most graphically. Tin- Thesaurus Dictionary is, of course, 
of most pronounced value to professional people, the author, journalist, lawyer, mil ublic 

ikers, teachers; in short, to those who W1 
ingly great. All men and women, as well as all 1 girls, are trying to increase their kit 

edge, for the mure we know, either by study or experience, the better qualifii -cometo 

deal 'Aiti; practical .1 flairs of life. 

Students need the Thesaurus Dictionary more than they do ai 
is a v y, bu1 e peciall them to write a: akwithpreci 

ice. It qualifies them, without study, to prepai 
to make themselves prime factors in public life; this service it performs by enlarging theirvoc; 
by making them masters of the language, and by suggesting ideas that lie crystallize 

Is. It is likewise an inspiratio iuraging to 1 ts, for the student who once 

becomes imbued with tin' spirit of authorship is pretty certain t p into a ■ 1 -ked 

influence and prominenl impi irtam 

The man or woman who writes for the press, or who speaks in public, will find the Thesaurus 
Dictionary an aid of inestimable value. Consultation of il bulary lists of related terms, 

in the search for a word required to express exactly a s^iven idea, not only results in finding the 
definite term desired, but also in suggesting new ideas, for it very often happens to writers that a 
sudden calling to mind of a specially significant word leads to a fresh line of thought or may even 
modify preconceived opinions. 

The English language is so rich that for every fact and feeling there is an exact word; a word 
in shape, size, color, and sound, that absolutely and uniquely embodies the fact and feeling one 
desires to express. In short, the "unique," or exact word, is the very philosopher's stone of litera- 
ture, and thus it is that the search for it is a life-time pursuit, followed with persistency and a 
sense of profound annoyance, by all who write or speak. 

But the scholarly writer, who has more frequent occasion to employ unusual words, and 
therefore has need for the larger vocabulary, finds it quite as difficult to express himself as does 
the ordinary business man, mechanic, farmer, or pupil. Indeed, as our professions and pursuits 
modify our educational requirements, all persons in the range between the most highly cultured 
and the least educated, find equal difficulty in recalling, on the moment, appropriate words neces- 
sary to express ideas with definiteness. 

For more than four centuries, as several cumbersome compilations of old lexicographers 
show, efforts have been made to produce a book that would give immediate use of a comprehensive 
vocabulary, but all such works of dictionary-makers were failures, so complete as to be of little 
or no more use than the crude dictionaries of the times themselves. It must be apparent that such 
a book, for great usefulness, must not only contain an unabridged collection of related words, in 
alphabetical arrangement, but also the definition and pronunciation of each word, so that when 
found its proper use is at once determined, without need of referring to a dictionary for an ex- 
planation of the meaning. All the objections to previous compilations are removed by Professor 
F. A. March's "Thesaurus Dictionary of the English Language," and besides making his work a 
very marvel of word gathering, he has added many relevant features which serve to justify the 
claim that, for its purposes, no book ever before published exceeds it in practical value and real im- 

The production of a dictionary is an enterprise that necessarily involves an enormous expendi- 
ture of money, and the employment of the best talent obtain- 
able. But the compilation of a Thesaurus Dictionary is a 
superlative work of importance and complexity, which requires 


the very highest order of learning and the most critical accuracy in its several features of spelling, 
pronunciation, concise definition, and shades of difference in the signification of related, or so-called 
synonymous terms. These attentions are extremely necessary, as every one must appreciate, 
but infinitely more exhaustive and critical is the labor of bringing together into close and alpha- 
betical association, for prompt reference, all the words of the English language in their respective 
relationships of significance. 

Webster's Dictionary provides a means whereby we may quickly ascertain the meaning of 
any word in our language. Professor March's Thesaurus gives the same knowledge, but in addition 
thereto it enables any one to reclaim a word forgotten; to recover and correctly use a word needed 
to convey exactly an idea. Every day you are vexed by vain efforts to recall a word, which 
you may know exists, that will definitely, precisely, express an idea which you wish to convey. 
Everybody is troubled in the same way. Well, by the quick aid of the Thesaurus Dictionary 
you can promptly find the needed word, quite as easy as it is to find the definition of a given 
word in Webster's. More than this even, this Thesaurus will suggest a word which you may re- 
quire; to find any term it is necessarv merely to refer to a simple word that has some relation, in 
significance, to the idea sought to be conveyed, whereupon you are directed, by reference words, 
printed in small capital letters, to the captions under which will be found all the words that 
have any affinity to the subject in mind. This is accomplished by a practical system of 
alphabetic grouping of all words of our language according to their relationships in meaning, 

1 '■ to explain more lucidly, a word is taken; for example, let the word be "Good" or "Good- 
ness," page 460. We turn to this word in its alphabetical arrangement, just .1 in any dictionary, 
and there we find it given, with definition, but immediately following we find also every important 
word in our language that has any relationship to "Goodness." And besides the words and defi- 
nitions under the caption "Goodness" we find also the foreign phrases — all phonetically pro- 

nounced — that one is liable to meet with in reading upon a subject allied to "Goodness." More- 
over, it will be noticed that in the column directly opposite the caption word is "Badness," or the 
antithesis of "Goodness," and under that term will be found every important word in our language 
that is associated with evil, together also with the foreign phrases applicable thereto. 

Thus it will be observed that to facilitate the search for particular words needed, this system 
of grouping all related terms is perfected by printing all words alphabetically, and also by placing 
the positive term with its negative in parallel columns. Thus, in the example given, Goodness 
is the caption word of one column, with all its kindred terms following, while in the opposite parallel 
column, appears the antithetical caption, Badness, with its related terms. We will find the 
same category of words of related significance if we refer to any word that has affinity in meaning 
for either "good" or "bad." 

Any word followed up in the Thesaurus will serve to illustrate how this great service is per- 
formed, and, for a specific example, let us take the positive and negative terms, "Faith-Mii 
page 389, and three pages following. Here you will find, under this caption, every word, synonym 
and its opposite, that has any relationship, in significance, to these two terms, a list which com- 
prises 350 words and phrases. This list is multiplied by following the correlated divisions under 
such captions as "Godliness-Ungodliness," page 454; "Bigotry-Apostasy," page 106; "Up- 
rightness-Dishonesty," page 1 123; "Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy," page 739; "Carelessness-Skeptici 
page 241 ; "Theology," page 1058; "Sanguineness-Hopelessness," page 933; "Ob ' e-Non-l Observ- 
ance," page 719, etc. Similarly there is a complete list of all kindred words pertaining to the 
subjects: "Beauty-Ugliness," page 92; "Creation-Destruction," page 237; "Affluence-Penury" 
page 27; "Astronomy," page 75, etc. It will be noticed also that while all associated words are 
given alphabetically, each one is concisely defined so as to show clearly the different shades of 
meaning. Besides this, you will find incorporated in the extensive category of related terms, 

many foreign phrases duly translated, and that the grammati- 
cal analysis throughout is complete. The same systematic and 
j exhaustive collection of kindre- ! words and phrases will be found 


if we examine other terms. 

It is the man or woman who has the largest command of language that is able to express an 
idea with the greatest force and clearness. Those who have a copious vocabulary are the ones 
who speak most eloquently and write most graphically. The Thesaurus Dictionary is, of course, 
of most pronounced value to professional people, the author, journalist, lawyer, minister, public 
speakers, teachers; in short, to those who write most, but its usefulness to all classes is 
ingly great. All men and women, as well as all boys and girls, are trying to increase their knowl- 
edge, for the more wc know, either by study or experience, IN 1 better qualified we become to 
deal with practical affairs of life. 

Students need the Thesaurus Dictionary more than they do any other book; not becau 
is a working dictionary, but especially becau ie il enables them to write and to speak with precision, 
accuracy and elegance. It qualifies them, without study, to prepare essays, to handle subj 
to make themselves prime factors in public life; this service it performs by enlarging their vocabu- 
lary, by making them masters of the language, and by suggesting ideas that lie crystallized in 
words. It is likewise an inspiration, encouraging to loftiest efforts, for the student who once 
becomes imbued with the spirit of authorship is pretty certain to develop into a person of marked 
influence and prominent importance. 

The man or woman who writes for the press, or who speaks in public, will find the Thesaurus 
Dictionary an aid of inestimable value. Consultation of its vocabulary lists of related terms, 
in the search for a word required to express exactly a given idea, not only results in finding the 
definite term desired, but also in suggesting new ideas, for it very often happens to writers that a 
sudden calling to mind of a specially significant word leads to a fresh line of thought or may even 
modify preconceived opinions. 

No other book is such a stimulus to the child at school, and no other confers so many distinct 
benefits. When a pupil is required by its teacher to prepare a composition, embarrassment is great 
because the child has few ideas and a knowledge of few words with which to express them. By 
the aid of the Thesaurus these obstacles to composition are immediately removed, for a subject 
being given by its teacher, the child may turn to a word related to the subject, under 
which it will find at once every word, with definition, that appertains in anywise to the subject 
and by so doing it acquires a copious vocabulary for its purpose, as well also many new ideas that 
are suggested by the information thus obtained. There is no subject, whether simple, profound, 
technical; whether it concerns the animal, the vegetable, or the mineral kingdoms; whether it 
touches upon science, social problems, political economy, faith, doctrine, home-life, marriage, 
affection, agriculture, mechanics, war, history, poetry, school, — in short it matters not what the sub- 
ject may be, by consulting this Thesaurus the child obtains, almost at a glance, all the words, and 
very much of the information, that is needed to write about it intelligently. At the same time 
the child also learns how to construct its sentences grammatically. This acquisition of a large 
vocabulary will influence a majority of children to aspire to authorship, and inevitably lead to 
investigation and scholarship, an important consideration. 

They are few who understand the grammar of our language. One may have an extensive 
vocabulary and yet be unable to write or speak correctly. The Thesaurus Dictionary not only 
affords the means of choosing the right word at the right time, and of giving complete mastery of 
every term in our language for immediate use, but it also presents the words, names the parts of 

speech, gives concise definitions in every case, prints all the 
synonyms and their opposites, and shows all words and 
phrases in their grammatical relationships. 


The English language is a rapidly growing one. Dr. Johnson's Dictionary contained nearly one 
hundred thousand words, whereas to-day the largest dictionary has three hundred thousand words. 
This rapid increase is due to the incorporation of slang words, progress, and discoveries in science, and 
coinages by the ignorant no less than by the learned. The Thesaurus Dictionary, being the very 
latest compilation, contains all the recent additions, including terms used in electricity, radiography, 
automobiling, telephony, science, signaling, commerce, political economy, questions of the day; 
in fact, of every acquisition, in science, society, business and government; and in giving the defini- 
tions of terms it imparts most instructive information. 

Every reader is almost constantly meeting with words or phrases of foreign speech, of which 
neither translation nor pronunciation is given. This is a matter of intense annoyance to persons 
who cannot translate for themselves, as the use of such interjections often destroys the sense of 
connection in the reading. In the Thesaurus Dictionary you will find all such words and phrases, 
in French, German, Spanish, Italian, Latin, Greek, not only fully translated but also phonetically, 
hence most exactly pronounced. 

The Thesaurus Dictionary of the English Language is presented by the publishers 
with the sincere belief that its uniqueness will commend it less than the real practical value it 
will be found to afford all who consult its pages. Expense has not been spared in the prepara- 
tion, either in the compilation or mechanical production, because so great a conception as the work 
embodies is worthy the most perfect realization. 


A Key to Egyptian Characters 

The Rosetta Stone contains a decree 
that is written in three totally different 
styles of characters, namely, hieroglyphic, 
demotic and Greek; the first was used 
by the priesthood and by learned Egyp- 
tians, the second was the form of writ- 
ing employed by the common people, 
while the Greek was used upon this 
occasion to communicate the decree to 
foreigners. It was by comparing the 
hieroglyphic and demotic, which could not 
at the time be read, with the Greek, which 
was well known, that Champollion dis- 
covered the key to hieroglyphic writing. 


During Napoleon's campaign in Egypt, i 700. Boussard a French officer found at Fort St. Julien. four miles from the village of 
Rosetta, a basalt stele, which was found to contain a decree of Ptolemy V. Epiphanes in hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek, which 
supplied the key for the decipherments of the ancient monuments of Egypt 


The means of communicating desires, ideas, information by one person to another, and espe- 
cially the means of transmitting such expressions between individuals, constitute one of the most, 
probably the very most, interesting phase of race development. Speech, no doubt, came 
naturally, even as feeling and desire, but writing was born of necessity, or, rather, invented to 
meet an indispensable need. The evolution of writing, from crude symbolism, and pictorial repre- 
sentation of objects, used by the earliest peoples, is almost obtrusively, persistently, interesting to all 
intelligent persons, for the advance of civilization, with all that it implies, is not more certainly 
and objectively shown than by the written records graven on stone, scratched on bone, impressed 
in bricks, painted on papyrus, and traced on scrolls, that bestrew the path of the millenniums of 
human existence. Some of the very antique examples of writing are here exhibited, and the few 
illustrations printed serve admirably to show the gradual advance made in the improved means 
devised for communicating commands, recording facts, and expressing sentiments. 


Nothing is left of Egyptian buildings except their graves and temples. These, by their inscrip- 
tions, were destined to revive interest in the ancient civilization of Egypt. The knowledge of the 
writings and speech of ancient Egypt had long ago been entirely forgotten. It was left to the 
nineteenth century to find the key for deciphering the old Egyptian hieroglyphic writings. 

France deserves especial mention as having been the first to show an interest in this study, and 
it is to a Frenchman that we owe the first attempt at a scientific study of the subject. The capital 
of France, too, was the first seat devoted to the pursuit of these studies under the leadership of 
Frantjois Champollion, the founder of the science, and his successors, Emmanuel de Rouge" and 
G. Maspero. 

The era of scientific investigation of Egyptian affairs begins with Napoleon Bonaparte and 
Francois Champollion. Leibnitz, the famous German philosopher, was the first to arouse the 
interest of Louis XIV. by a memoir on Egypt, which Napoleon is said to have found in the royal- 
Archives and made use of in his Egyptian expedition. He set sail on the 19th of May, 1798, 

accompanied by a number of learned men. The results of the 


scientific investigations were published in a work of thirty-six 
volumes, twelve volumes of illustrations, and twenty-four of 
text, entitled "Description de l'Egypte, ou recueil des observa- 
tions et des recherches pendant l'expedition de 1'armee Francaise." This gave a great impetus to 
Egyptian studies. It is safe to say that with this work, and with the investigations conducted 
in connection with the discovery of the famous Rosetta stone during the same expedition by a 
French engineer in 1799, begins the scientific study of a branch of learning leading with certain 
aim to a complete explanation of Egyptian antiquity. 

A great deal of matter is found concerning Egypt in ancient and mediaeval literature — Greek, 
Christian, and Arabic, but it is of no scientific value. As far as the eighteenth century no one 
succeeded in deciphering any of the hieroglyphic writings. Attempts were made and scholars 
varied to such an extent that while one maintained that a certain inscription dealt with Christian 
mysteries, another insisted that the subject matter was moral and political maxims, a third made 
it a festal calendar, and a fourth regarded it as a treatise on the magnet and use of the compass. 
At this point came the discovery of the Rosetta stone, now in the British Museum. 

This stone of dark basalt, now very badly broken at both ends, must have had the same form 
as that most commonly employed in stones set up in honor of gods and kings as well as in memorials 
set up in temples and graves. (A restoration of the form of the Rosetta stone in this wise is given 
in Eduard Meyer's "Geschichte des alten Egyptens," I: page 284.) On this stone a decree of the 
priests was published in the reign of Ptolemy Epiphanes, which announced that the Egyptian 
priesthood resolved to thank the young king for the numerous benefits bestowed by him upon the 
land, and especially upon the Egyptian temples, and they ordered all divine honors to be paid him 
and his statues, which were to be set up next to those of the chief divinity in all temples of the first, 
second and third rank. This decree was composed in hieroglyphic signs, and in the so-called 
demotic, enchoric or epistolographic script of the common people, and a Greek translation was 
added. That the contents of the three different writings are the same is proved from the conclusion 
of the Greek text which clearly reads [that the decree shall be engraved on a stele of] hard stone in 
the sacred writing, in the enchoric and Greek writing, and be set up in every temple of the first, 
second [and third rank next to the statue of the king, the ever-living]. (The words in the above 
passage enclosed in square brackets are broken off the stone, but they can with certainty be supplied 
from the hieroglyphic and demotic text which can now be read.) 


In the reign of the young king who received the kingdom from his father, lord of diadems, 
greatly glorious, who has established Egypt, and pious toward the gods is superior to his enemies, 
who has set right the life of men, lord of feasts of thirty years, like Hephaestus the great king, like 
the Sun the great king of both the upper and lower countries, offspring of the gods Philopators, 
whom Hephaestus approved, to whom the Sun gave victory, the living image of Zeus, son of the 
Sun, Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved of Phtha; in the ninth year: Aetus, the son of Aetus, being 
priest of Alexander, of the gods Soters, of the gods Adelphi, of the gods Evergetae, of the gods 
Philopators, and of the god Epiphanes Eucharistus; the athlophorus of Berenice Evergetes being 
Pyrrah, daughter of Philinus; the canephorus of Arsinoe Philadelphus, Areia, daughter of Diogenes; 
the priestess of Arsinoe Philopator being Irene, daughter of Ptolemy; of the month Xandicus, the 
fourth, but according to the Egyptians, the eighteenth of Mechir-Decree. 

The chief priests and prophets, and those who enter the sanctuary for the arraying of the gods, 
and the pterophorae, and sacred scribes, and all the other priests who were come from the temples 
throughout the land to Memphis, into the presence of the kings, for the ceremonial of the reception, 
by Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved of Phtha, god Epiphanes Eucharistus of the crown which he 

received from his father, being gathered together in the temple 


at Memphis on the day aforesaid, decreed, Since that King 
Ptolemy, the ever-living, beloved of Phtha, god Epiphanes 
Eucharistus, offspring of King Ptolemy and Queen Arsinoe, 
gods Philopators, has in many things benefited the temples and those connected with them and 
all those living under his sway, that being a god, born of a god, and a goddess, like Horus the son 
of Isis and Osiris, of a liberal disposition towards the gods, he has dedicated to the temples reve- 
nues both of money and provisions and has undergone great expenses in order to bring back 
Egypt to quietness, and to establish religious observances; with all the means in his power he has 
shown kindness; of the taxes and imposts existing in Egypt some he has taken away entirely, and 
others he has lightened, that the people and all others might be in prosperity under his rule; the 
crown debts which those in Egypt and in the rest of his kingdom owed, being very considerable, 
he has remitted to all, and those shut up in prison for such debts, and those lying under 
accusation for a long time, he released from the claims against them; also he commanded 
the revenues of the temples and the contributions of provisions and money made to them 
yearly ; and in like manner the just portions of the goods from the vineyards and gardens, and 
what else belonged to the gods in the time of his father, should remain upon the same basis; 



On the 20th of February, 1S55, Mr. Peretie, Chancellor of the French Consulate at Beyrouth, Palestine, 
having undertaken excavations on a piece of ground twenty-five minutes' walk south of Sayda, the ancient Sidon, 
was informed that his agent had unearthed there a coffin of black basalt, near a rock against which it rested. 
Besides the sarcophagus, a tooth, a piece of bone, and later a human jaw, were found in the rubbish. The 
sarcophagus itself was of that Egyptian form peculiar to mummy cases, i. c, oblong, like a body wrapped 
-up to the neck in thick bands, whose head, cut out with broad head-dress and straight plaited beard, alone remains 
uncovered, wearing a rich broad chain in relief, at each extremity of which is a head of a sacred hawk, such as one 
often sees on the neck of Egyptian mummies. But instead of being adorned with hieroglyphics the sarcophagus 
discovered by Peretie bears along its whole height an inscription in twenty-two lines, written in Phoenician char- 
acters, well preserved and written with especial care to avoid confusing letters somewhat similar in form. As in 
most Phoenician inscriptions the words are not separated, and this continuity is the only real obstacle to a certain 

The dimensions of the coffin are 2 m. 45 cm. by 1 m. 40 cm., (about 8 feet 2 in. by 4 feet 4 in.) and the 
inscription which covers it occupies a square of 84 cm. on each side. Another inscription is found around the 
head of the body at the exterior extremity of the sarcophagus which is, however, simply a reproduction of a part 
of the first inscription. 

The inscription is that of King Esmunazar of Sidon, and is the most important Phoenician inscription yet 
found. Whereas the Phoenician inscriptions found hitherto were in the Phoenician colonies, this one belonged to 
the mother country. Its importance lies not only in the fact that it definitely proves the Pheenician language to 
have been almost identical with the Hebrew, but it also, more than any other, gives us an insight into the religious 
views of the Phoenicians and the political institutions of Sidon. 

It is a funeral inscription in which Esmunazar, King of Sidon, about 572 D. C, adjures all persons, under 
pain of eternal damnation, not to disturb his "bed of rest." 


In the month of Bui (October), in the fourteenth year of his reign — >f King Esmunazar, King of the 
Sidonians, son of King Tebnet, King of the Sidonians — spoke King Esmunazar, King of the Sidonians, as follows: 
I have been taken away before my time, a small number of days old. With this my highness is at an end. I lie 
dead in this coffin and in this grave in the place which I have built. I adjure every r lyal person and every man — 
that he open not this bed of rest, or search in it precious things, for there lie no precious things in it; that he 
remove not my sarcophagus, or put me into another bed of rest. Even if people induce you listen not to them; 
for every royal person and every man who opens the lid of this coffin or who takes my coffin away or who removes 
me who am in this coffin — may he have no funeral bed among the shades; may they be buried in no grave ; may they 
leave after them neither sons nor posterity. May the holy gods deliver them to a violent ruler, who shall have 
power over them to destroy them. Concerning same royal person or (private) man who opens the lid of this 
funeral bed. or who removes this coffin; and concerning the offspring of same royal person or (private) people — 
may they have neither root below, nor fruit above, nor form in life under the sun. Yi s, I, deserving of pity, 
have been taken away before my time, of a limited number of days. Now my highness with this is at an end. I am 
di ad. Namely I, Esmunazar, King of the Sidonians, son of Tebnet, King of the Sidonians, grandson of Esmu- 
nazar, Kin;: of the Sidonians, and my mother Amaastart, Priestess of our Lady Astarte, the queen daughter of 
King I ar, King of the Sidonians — we who have built the temples of the gods, the te oi Astarte in 

Sidon, land oi the sea, and have given a dwelling to Astarte as the highest person; and it was we who have 
built a temple lor Lsmun near the source, the spring of Idll in the mountains, and have given him a habitation 
high on; and it was we who built (again) temples for the gods of the Sidonians in Sidon, city of the 

sea — a temple of Baal Sidon and a temple of Astarte of the name of Baal. And turtle thi Lord of Kings 

id Joppa — the lordly lands of grain, which lie in the field of Saron, in recompense! n agreal tribute 
which I have offered; and we added them to the domain of the land to belong to the Sidonians forever. 

1 adjure ever} royal person and every (private) man, neither to open the lid, nor to tear off the lid nor to 

remove me who am in the funeral bed, nor to rei i mj sarcophagus,! it those holj gods may not 

r them up, so that the sami royal person or (private) man and their posterity be destn yedfon 

The inscription on the sarcophagus of King Esmunazar is translated into 
English and appears, with description of the coffin in which the royal remains were 
found, on the accompanying tissue title-page. Observe, that while the sarcopha- 
gus is distinctively Egyptian, the inscription is Phoenician, thus marking the 
affinity of the two races and illustrating, in a way the evolutii in. in writing, of the 
latter from the former. 

he commanded also concerning the priests that they should give nothing more for graduation fee 
than was imposed .up to the first year in his father's reign ; he released also those of the sacred tribes 
of the voyage yearly down to Alexandria, also he ordered the collection of naval supplies not to be 
made; of the contribution of fine linen cloth made in the temples for the royal palace, he remitted 
two-thirds; what had been neglected in former times he restored to proper order, taking care that 
what was accustomed should be performed for the gods as was fitting; likewise also he allotted 
justice to all as Hermes the twice great; he ordered also that those who returned, both of the soldiers 
and others of the opposition in the times of the di rturbance, on coming back be kept in possession 
of their property; he took care also that there should go out forces, of horse and foot and ships, 
against those invading Egypt both by sea and land, undergoing great expenses, both of money and 
provisions, that the temples and all che people of Egypt might be in safety; being present also at 
Lycopolis in Busiris, which had been taken and fortified against a siege by a very abundant supply 
of arms and all other munition, since for a long time the rebellion had existed among those impious 
ones gathered there, who had done to the temples and the inhabitants of Egypt much evil, and 
laying siege to it, he surrounded it with embankments and ditches and walls very remarkable; the 
great rise which the Nile made in the eighth year (and it was accustomed to flood the plains), he 
restrained at many places, securing the mouths of the canals, expending on these of money no 
small amount, and stationing horse and foot soldiers to guard them; in a little time he took the 
city by storm, and all the impious in it he destroyed as Hermes, and Horus the son of Isis and 

Osiris, overpowered those who in the same parts had revolted 


in former times; the ringleaders also of the revoltcrs in his 
father's reign who had troubled the country and outraged the 
temples, being at Memphis the avenger of his father and of 
his own crown, all these he punished justly, at the time when he was there for his performance 
of the rites proper for the reception of the crown: he remitted also the debts owed in the 
temples to the palace up to the eighth year, amounting to no small quantity of provisions 
and money; likewise also the value of the linen cloths due which had not been given in to 
the palace; and, of those which had been given in, the replacement of such as differed from the 
pattern up to the same date; he released the temples also of the appointed artaba per aroura 
of the sacred land, and in like manner as to the ceramium per aroura of the vineyards ; to Apis 
and Mneris he made many gifts, as also to the other sacred animals of Egypt, having much 
better care than the kings before him for what belonged to them in all respects, and giving bounti- 
fully and nobly what was proper for their funerals with the dues for the support of their respective 
worships with sacrifices and panagyries and the other usual rites. The prerogatives of the temples 
and of Egypt he has carefully kept upon the same basis agreeably to the laws; he has adorned the 
Apieum with costly works expending upon it of gold and silver and precious stones no small amount, 
and has founded temples and shrines and altars; what had need of repair he restored, having the 
disposition of a beneficent god in what concerns the divinity; learning by means of additional 
enquiry their state he has restored the most honored of the temples; in return for which the gods 
have given him health, victory, strength, and all other good things, the kingdom being assured to 
him and his children to all time. 

With good fortune: It has seemed good to the priests of all the temples of the land to decree 
to augment greatly all honors now paid to the ever-living King Ptolemy, beloved of Phtha, god 
Epiphanes Eucharistus, and likewise those of his ancestors the gods Philopators and of his ancestors 
gods Evergetae and of the gods Adelphi, and those of the gods Soters, to erect of the ever-living 
King Ptolemy, god Epiphanes Eucharistus, an image in each temple in the most conspicuous place; 
which shall be entitled "Ptolemy the defender of Egypt," near which shall stand the god to whom 
the temple belongs, presenting to him a conquering weapon, which arrangements will be made in 
the manner of the Egyptians; also for the priests to perform a service before these images three 
times each day, and put on them the sacred adorning, and perform the other accustomed rites, 
as to the other gods in the panagyries of Egypt; to set up for King Ptolemy, god Epiphanes Eucha- 

ristus, offspring of King Ptolemy and Queen Arsinoe, gods Philopators, a statue and a shrine, both 
gilded in each of the temples, and to place this in the sanctuaries with the other shrines, and in the 
great panagyries in which processions of the shrines take place, for the shrine of the god Epiphanes 
Eucharistus to go out with them; that it may be well marked both now and for future time, to place 
upon the shrine the ten golden ornaments of the king to which shall be affixed an asp, similar to 
the adorning of asp-like ornaments which are upon the other shrines in the midst of which shall be 
the crown called "Schent" which he wore when he entered the temple at Memphis for the perform- 
ance in it of the rites proper for the assumption of the crown; to place upon the platform of the 
ornaments about the aforesaid crown ten golden phylacteries on which shall be written "this is 

(the shrine) of the king who made illustrious both the upper 




country and the lower;" and since the thirtieth of Mesore in 
which the birthday festivities of the king are celebrated, and 
in like manner the seventeenth of Mechir, in which he received 
the kingdom from his father, have been named after him in 
the temples, which certainly are harbingers of much good to all, to celebrate these days (the 
seventeenth and thirtieth) feasts and panagyries in the temples of Egypt monthly, and to per- 
form in them sacrifices and libations and what else is proper, as in the other panagyries; to 
give the usual public notices to all for what is to be offered in the temples; to celebrate a feast and 
a panagyry to the ever-living and beloved of Phtha, King Ptolemy, god Epiphanes Eucharistus, 
each year in the temples throughout the land, from the new moon of the Thoth for five days, in 
which also they shall wear garlands, performing sacrifices and libations and what else is proper; 
to call the priests of the temples of the land, also priests of the god Epiphanes Eucharistus, in addi- 
tion to the other names which they had from the gods whom they serve, and to inscribe on all their 
documents and on the seal-rings on their hands their priesthood to him; that it be lawful to the 
rest, private person to celebrate the feast and set up the aforesaid shrine having it in their houses, 
performing what is right in the feasts both monthly and yearly, in order that it may be known why 
the people of Egypt magnify and honor the god Epiphanes Eucharistus the king as is just, to write 
this decree upon a column of hard stone in sacred and enchorial and Greek letters and place it in 
each of the temples of the first, second and third order near the image of the ever-living king. 


The statues of Gudea belong to the monuments of Telloh discovered by excavations conducted 
under the superintendence of Ernest de Sarzec, French consul at Bagdad, 1877-1882. It is of 
Gudea that the larger and more important part of the monuments of Telloh preserve the memory: 
eight statues, two large cylinders of clay, and hundreds of fragments or small texts — now in the 
Louvre. Gudea was king of Shirpurla, the modern Telloh, in Southern Babylonia, about B. C. 3 100. 
This statue — one of eight — is designated B, and is covered all around with cuneiform inscriptions. 
The plate represents the right profile of the statue, with part of the inscription. The translation 
of the whole is as follows : 

In the temple of the god Nin-girsu, his king, the statue of Gudea, the patesi of Shirpurla, who 

the temple Eninnu has constructed: 1 qa of fermented liquor, 1 qa of food, half a qa of 

half a qa of . . . . such are the offerings which it institutes. 
As for the patesi who shall revoke them, who the orders of the 
god Nin-girsu shall transgress, let the offerings instituted by 
him in the temple of the god Nin-girsu be revoked! Let the 
commands of his mouth be annulled! 

To the god Nin-girsu, the powerful warrior of the god Ellilla, Gudea the architect (?) the patesi 
of Shirpurla, the shepherd chosen by the unchangeable will of the god Nin-girsu, regarded with a 


A Very Ancient Cuneiform 

Next to the hieroglyphic characters 
peculiar to Egypt, the cuneiform style of 
writing is probably the most ancient, of 
which any decipherable specimens have 
been found. The inscription on the statue 
of Gudea, one of the Kings of Southern 
Babylonia, is a splendid example of the 
characters used by the ancient and power- 
ful Babylonians, who arrived at a consider- 
able state of civilization and literary 
culture more than five thousand years ago, 
which carries us back, according to Bible 
chronologv, to almost the time of Noah. 


Gudea was a king of Southern Babylonia, about B.C. 3100, and the cuneiform inscription on his statue is there- 
lore one of the oldest that has been discovered. The inscription, which is of great length, appeals to the gods of 
Babylonia, as witnesses to the justice of Gudea's rulership. 


favorable eye by the goddess Nina, dowered with power by the god Nindara, covered with renown 
by the goddess Bau, the offspring of the goddess Gutumdug, dowered with sovereignty and the 
sceptre supreme by the god Galalim, proclaimed afar among living creatures by the god Dunshaga, 
whose primacy has been firmly founded by the god Xingish-zida his god. After that the god Nin- 
girsu had turned towards his city a favorable gaze (and) Gudea had chosen as the faithful shepherd 
of the country (and) among the divisions (?) of men had established his power, then he purified the 
city and cleansed it ; he has laid the foundations (of a temple) and deposited the foundation-cylinder. 
The adorers of the demons (?), the evokers of spirits (?), the necromancers (?), the prophetesses 
of divine decrees (?) he has banished from the city. Whoever has not departed obediently, has 
been expelled perforce by the warriors. The temple of the god Nin-girsu in all respects in a pure 
place he has constructed. No tomb has been destroyed (?), no sepulchral urn has been broken (?), 
no son has ill-treated his mother. The ministers, the judges, the doctors, the chiefs, during the 
execution of this work have worn garments of ....(?). During all the time (of its construction) 
in the cemetery of the city no ditch lias been excavated (?); no corpse has been interred (?). The 
Kalu (a class of priests) has performed his funeral music or uttered his lamentations; the female 
mourner has not caused her lamentations to be heard. On the territory of Shirpurla a man at 
variance (with his neighbor) to the place of oath (court of justice) has taken no one; a brigand 
has entered the house of no one. For the god Nin-girsu his king (Gudea) has made the dedicatory 

inscriptions ( ?) ; his temple Eninnu which illuminates the 
darkness (?), he has constructed and reinstated. In the 
interior (of the temple) his favorite Gigunu of cedar wood he 
has constructed for him. After that the temple of the god 
Nin-girsu he has had constructed, the god Nin-girsu, the king beloved by him, from the sea of 
the Highlands (Elam) to the lower sea has forcefully opened (the ways) for him. In Amanum, 
the mountain of Cedars, [joists] of cedar, whose [length] was seventy spans, [and joists] of cedar 
whose [length was] 50 spans, [and joists] of box (?) whose length was 25 spans, he has caused to 
be cut; from this mountain he has caused them to be brought. The .... he has made. 
The .... he has made. The .... he has made. The .... he has made. As for the 
cedars- (some) to form great gates he has employed; with brilliant ornaments he has 
enriched them ( ?) and in the temple Eninnu he has placed them. (Others) in his sanctuary 
E-magh-ki-a-sig-de-da he has used as beams. Near the city of Ursu, in the mountains of Ibla 
joists of Zabanum trees, of great shaku trees, of tulubum trees, and of gin trees, he has caused to 
be cut; in the temple of Eninnu he has caused them to be used as beams. From Shamanum in 
the mountains of Menua, from Susalla (?) in the mountains of Martu, nagal stones he has caused 
to be brought; in slabs he has caused them to be cut; the Holy of Holies in the temple Eninnu, 
he has constructed of them. From Tidanum in the mountains of Martu shirgal-ghabbia stones 
he has caused to be conveyed; in the form of urpadda he has caused them to be cut; to (receive) 
the bars of the gates in the temple he has arranged them. From the country of Kagal-adda-ki 
in the mountains of Kimash I caused copper to be taken, to make the arm (?) from which one 
escapes not he has employed it. From the country of Melughgha kala trees he has imported; he 
has caused to be made. From Kilzanim he has imported; to make the arm (?).... he has 
employed it. Gold-dust from the mountains of Ghaghum he has imported; for the fabrication 
of the arm (?) . . . he has utilized it. Gold-dust from the mountains of Melughgha he has im- 
ported, to make the Emartu he has employed it. Lidri (?) he has imported. From the country 
of Gubin, the land of the ghaluku trees, ghaluku wood he has imported; to make pillars he has 
employed it. From the country of Madga in the mountains of the river Gurruda bitumen (?) 
he has imported; the platform of the temple Eninnu he has constructed. Imghaum he has im- 
ported. From the mountains of Barsip nalua stones in large boats he caused to be brought; the 
foundation of the temple Eninnu he has encircled with them. By arms the city of Anshan in 
the country of Elam he has conquered; its spoils to the god Nin-girsu in the temple Eninnu he 
has consecrated. Gudea, the patesi of Shirpurla, after that the temple Eninnu to the god Nin- 

girsu he had constructed, has built an edifice: a pillared (?) temple no patesi for the god Nin-girsu 
had constructed; he has constructed it for him. He has written there his name; he has made 
dedicatory inscriptions (?). The orders of the mouth of the god Nin-girsu he has faithfully exe- 
cuted. From the mountains of the country of Magan a hard stone he has imported. For his 
statue he has caused it to be cut. " O my king, whose temple I have built, may life be my recom- 
pense!" By this name he has named (the statue), and in the temple Eninnu he has erected it. 
Gudea unto the statue has given command: "To the statue of my king speak!" After that the 
temple Eninnu, his favorite temple I had constructed, I have remitted penalties, I have given 
presents. During seven days obeisance has not been exacted; the female slave has been made 

the equal of her mistress; the male slave has been made 


the equal of his master; in my city the chief of his subject 
has been made the equal. All that is evil from this temple 
I have removed. Over the commands of the goddess Nina 
and the god Nin-girsu I have carefully watched. A fault (?) the rich man has not com- 
mitted; all that he has desired (?) the strong man has not done. The house where there 
was no son, it is its daughter, who new offerings (?) has consecrated; for the statue of 
the god before the mouth she has placed them. Of this statue, neither in silver nor in 
alabaster nor in copper nor in tin nor in bronze let any one undertake the execution ! Let 
it be of hard stone! let a sacristy be established, and of all that shall be brought there let nothing 
be destroyed! The statue which is before thee, O god Nin-girsu, the statue of Gudea, the patesi 
of Shirpurla, who the temple Eninnu of the god Nin-girsu has constructed, whosoever from the 
temple Eninnu shall remove (or) its inscription shall efface; whosoever shall break it, on the fortu- 
nate day of the commencement of the year, whoever in the place of my god, his god — and it is 
Nin-girsu who is my king — in the country shall invoke; (whoever) my judgments shall transgress, 
my gifts shall revoke; whoever in the recitation of my prayers shall suppress my name and insert 
his own ; (whoever) of the Holy of Holies of the god Nin-girsu, my king, shall abandon the service ( ?) 
and shall not keep it (ever) before his eyes; — from the most distant days, of all men of noble race; 
of the patesis of Shirpurla who the temple Eninnu of the god Nin-girsu, my king have constructed, 
and who have made dedicatory inscriptions (?), the words of their mouth let no one change nor 
trangress their judgments! Of Gudea, the patesi of Shirpurla, whoever shall change his words 
or transgress his judgments, may the god Anna, may the god Ellilla, may the goddess Nin-gharsag, 
may the god Enki, whose word is unchangeable; may the god Enzu, whose name none pronounces; 

may the god Nin-girsu, the king of weapons; may the goddess 




Nina, the mistress of interpretations; may the god Nindara, the 
royal warrior; may the mother of Shirpurla, the august goddess 
Gatumdug; may the goddess Bau, the lady, the elder daughter 
of Anna; may the goddess Ninni, the lady of battles; may the 
god Babbar, the king of abundance ( ?) ; may the god Pasag, the masterworkman of men ; may 
the god Galalima, may the god Dunshagana, may the goddess Nin-marki, the eldest daughter 
of the goddess Nina; may the goddess Duzi-abzu, the mistress of Kinunir-ki; may my god 
Nin-gishzida, change his destiny! Like an ox, may he be slain in the midst of his prosperity! 
Like a wild bull may he be felled in the plenitude of his strength! As for his throne, may those 
even whom he has reduced to captivity overthrow it in the dust! To efface its traces (?), even 
of its memory (?), may they apply their care! his name, in the temple of his god may they efface 
from the tablets ! May his god for the ruin of the country have no look (of pity) ! May he ravage 
it with rains from heaven ! May he ravage it with the waters of the earth ! May he become a 
man without a name! May his princely race be reduced to subjection! May this man, like every 
man who has acted evilly towards his chief, afar, under the vault of heaven, in no city whatsoever 
find a habitation! Of the champion of the gods, the Lord Nin-girsu, the greatness may the people 
proclaim ! 


"A considerable number of Hittite monuments have been found, which heip us to a clearer understanding 
of the history of this people than we could get from Biblical, Egyptian, and cuneiform dataalone. At Carchemish 
and Hamath have been unearthed remains of sculptures accompanied by inscriptions, and elsewhere in this 
region, as at Zenjirli, there are abundant traces of Hittite art. Thanks to the researches of Jensen, it may now 
be regarded as certain that the inscriptions cover the period 1200-S00 B. C. It is fair to presume that the lan- 
guage of all the so-called Hittite inscriptions is the same, although it may be added that several styles of Hittite 
characters may be distinguished, some being pictorial, others branching off into conventional forms, with a strong 
tendency towards becoming linear. The decipherment of the Hittite inscriptions which would throw so much 
needed light on the ethnic problems is now being vigorously prosecuted. After several attempts on the part of 
Sayce, Peiser, and Halevy, which constituted an opening wedge, Jensen has recently struck a new path which gives 
promise of leading, ere long, to a satisfactory solution of the mystery. He has identified ideographs and sign 
groups for the names of countries and gods, some of which appear to be established beyond reasonable doubt. 
So far as Jensen's decipherment has gone, the inscriptions — some thirty in all — contain little beyond the names 
and titles of rulers, lands, and gods, with brief indication of conquests. The Hittite script appears to have been 
taken over from the Egyptian hieroglyphics, though it seems also certain that it contains elements which are 
either original or derived from some source that is still unknown. " 

The plate represents one of the stones found in Jerabis, or Carchemish. These stones are now in the British 
Museum, and we are indebted for them to George Smith and Consul Henderson. They are among the best 
specimens of Hittite inscriptions yet found. According to Jensen, their date is between 950 and 750 B. C. There 
are four columns of inscription on the stone, only two of which are represented in the fac-simile. ■ 

Following is an attempt made by Peter Jensen to decipher the inscription: 

I am -[ ]-z-s (name) of Carchemish the powerful, the king, the king, the P, the prince of the land, the priest- 
king (?) the .... z-T one of the land, of Carchemish, the powerful, the king . . . . , one of the land 

of Carchemish, the powerful, of the king of a .... a ... . son . . . 


Himyaritic or Sabaean is a name applied to the former people of southwestern Arabia, or Yemen, and to the 
remains of their civilization, consisting of extensive ruins, with numerous inscriptions (the oldest from long 
before our era). The language belongs to the Arabic division of the West Semitic group, and has its nearest 
relative in the idiom of the central and north Arabian Bedouins, raised to a literary language by Mohammed, 
but especially is the Ethiopic nearly related to it. 

The present inscription was found by Eduard Glaser (who made four journeys to the East in the years 1SS5-S6, 
1887-S8, and 1892-94 [?] and brought back over a thousand inscriptions) in Yemen, South Arabia, in a village 
called Hadakan, near an estate now called Bait Mukbil Dugaish. The stone is kept in the royal museum of 
Berlin. It is 92 cm. (originally 94 cm., about 2 feet 6 in.) wide and 41 cm. high (about 14 in). When found it 
was walled into a recent building, and when taken out the left edge and lower part were gone. Eight lines are 
almost complete and a few obliterated traces of the ninth. 

It is a dedicatorv inscription in which the devotee declares that he dedicates to Talab his own person and 
his children and all his possessions. The reason for his action was probably contained in that part of the inscrip- 
tion which is missing. 


Juhain du bin, son of Jasmail, son of Sumhukarib, king of the tribe of Sama, dedicated to Talab at Zabjan 
his own person and his sons Zaid and Zaidil and all his children and his personal property, and his castle Jand 
and his estates Talik, and all his possessions and the possessions of his father Jasmail, and the possessions and 
the pastures and the coastland and the castles and the estates of the heritage of the ancestor of both of them — 
Sumhuafaq, son of Sumhujafa, king of the tribe of Sama, together with the precincts and the city; and his pasture 
land Naman which has been cultivated and presented to Juhain by the Amu (a priestly officer [?] ) of Bakr and 
Hauffatt and Himmatatt and Hautaratt and by the Amu of Hautaratt and Amusafaq and Juhain and Amm 
Sama and Gan and Zirr and their brothers, the sons of Ruban; and his land Sumhuali in the neighborhood of 
tin Wady of Hadakan which was acquired and founded by theAmu of Ammsafaq, si n of Sariw, princeof Jursim; 
and his land Dat-Daah and the sacred houses which he built there, with the gilts given by his fathers and his 
uncles, the princes of Juhajbib, to whom they had been presented by the kings of Marjab and the tribe Sama — 
namely the battlefield (?) of the land Du-Daah; and by means of the gifts presented to him by Karibail Watar. 
king of Saba, and by means of the gifts and presents which the tribe Sama presented to him, and by means of 
the gifts and thankofferings which wire made by Jatakarib son of Darahel, son of Juhafri of Ahranan, and his 
unnd Hsis 

''/■'-•/:■ - 


The Hittite race, or tribe, has been an unsolved problem with 
ethnologists — whence they came, whither departed, — the most we 
have been able to learn being derived from the Scriptures. The 
illustration above shows part of a monument found in Arabia, par- 
ticularly described and the inscription deciphered in the accom- 
panying tissue title-page. 


The example of Himyaritic inscription exhibited above is of 
particular interest to students of language development in that it 
represents, apparently, a transition from Ethiopic to Asiatic charac- 
ter writing, probably five hundred or more years before the 
Christian era. See description and decipherment on the tissue 
title-page herewith. 

Seals of Colleges and Universities. 


i. Oxford University Founded S72 

2. Harvard College Founded 1650 

3. Cambridge University .... Founded 1257 

4. Yale University Founded 1701 

5. Princeton University .... Founded 1746 

6. University of Pennsylvania . Founded 1740 

7. Columbia University Founded 1754 

8. University of Michigan . . . Founded 1S37 

9. Edinburgh University .... Founded 15S2 

10. Cornell University ..... Founded 1 6 

11. Trinity College, Dublin . . . Founded 1591 

Seals of Colleges and Universities. 





2 1. 

University op Chicago . . . 
University of California . . 
Washington and Lef. Univ. . 
Leland Stanford University 
Johns Hopkins University . 
University of "Wisconsin . . 
University <>f Minnesota. . 
University of Nebraska . . 
Northwestern Univershy 

Brown University 

Syracuse University . . . . 


J 8 ' J 1 



















Seals of Colleges and Universities. 


23. Annapolis Naval Academy . . Established 1S45 

24. YVesleyax University Founded 183 1 

25. West Point .Military Academy Established 1802 
26 Dartmouth College Founded 1770 

27. Lafayette College Founded 1832 

28. Toronto University Founded 1 :> . 

29. Amherst College Founded 1S21 

30. Williams College Founded 1793 

31. Vassar College ... .... Founded 1S61 

32. Lehigh University Founded 1S65 

33. Smith Com ice Founded [871 

,„*/, •••TV* ! 

to: L^J 


: » 

• * 

jti.« ^ 

Fraternity Badges 

of Colle 

ges and Societies. 





24. Tau Beta Pi. 


Skull and Bones. 

25. Phi Beta Kappa. 


Scroll and Key. 

26. Kappa Alpha. 


Wolf's Head. * 

27. Chi Psi. 


Pi Eta. 

28. Theta Nu Epsilon. 



29. Phi Nu Theta. 

7. Sigma Nu. 

30. Alpha Sigma Chi. 


Alpha Tau Omega. 

31. Delta Tau Delta. 


Kappa Alpha. 

32. Kappa Kappa Kappa. 


Beta Theta Phi. 

33. Alpha Delta Phi. 

1 1. 

Sigma Alpha Epsilon. 

34. Delta Psi. 


Delta Kappa Epsilon 

35. Chi Phi. 


Sigma Phi. 

36. Theta Delta Chi. 


Delta Phi. 

37. Pi Beta Phi. 


Zeta Psi. 

38. Kappa Alpha Theta. 


Psi Upsilon. 

39. Phi Delta Phi. 


Phi Gamma Delta. 

40. Beta Theta PKj. 


Phi Kappa Sigma. 

41. Delta Delta Delta. 


Mystical Seven - . 

42. Delta Gamma. 


Phi Delta Theta. 

43. Kappa Kappa Gamma. 


Phi Kappa Psi. 

4 i Alpha Phi. 


Phi Zeta Mu. 

45. Gamma Phi Beta. 

= 3- 

Sigma Chi. 





To the vast majority, the use of this Thesaurus Dictionary of the English Language presents no more- 
difficulties, for lack of understanding the plan adopted, than does any dictionary; but as its purpose is not 
limited to defining words, its wider sphere and usefulness being to suggest particular words or phrases as 
they may be required to definitely express a given idea, a brief explanation of how its fullest benefits may 
be obtained is appropriate. 

All vocabulary words are printed in brevier black face type; all definitions thereof appear in brevier 
lower case Roman. The reference words are printed in brevier small caps, under which heads the person 
consulting the dictionary must look to find any particular word desired. Thus, for example, take any word 
in the vocabulary, there will be found immediately following the definition, words printed in small caps, 
which are the reference words. These words must be looked up in their alphabetical position in the vocabulary, 
and under them will be found groups containing the word examined and words of related significance Phrases 
and idioms are printed in black face type; foreign phrases appear in brevier italics, and their phonetic pronun- 
ciation, in parentheses, are in brevier lower case Roman. The foreign languages are indicated thus [F.L 
meaning French; [It.], Italian; [G.], German; [Sp.], Spanish; [L.], Latin; [Gr.], Greek. Those translations which 
appear in the vocabulary proper are printed in brevier lower case Roman. Captions, to which the references 
direct, appear in capital letters, with positive and negative terms compounded, under which appear all asso- 
ciated words, printed in nonpareil black face type, and the definitions in nonpareil lower case Roman. The 
analysis of words, and their grammatical relationships, are printed under in nonpareil small caps. Captions, 
denoting parts of speech and their relationship, are in italics. By observing these explanations no difficulty 
will ever be encountered in using the Thesaurus, or in obtaining the information which it is intended to supply. 


This line is brevier small caps. (Used for reference words.) 

This line is brevier lower case Roman. (Used for definitions.) 

This line is brevier black face type. (Used for vocabulary words.) 

This line is nonpareil small caps. (For captions of synonyms.) 

This line is nonpareil lower case Roman. (For definitions of synonyms ) 

This line is italics. (For foreign words and grammatical designations ) 

This line is nonpareil black face type. (For associated words.) » 

Two words used with hyphen are compounded. 


The English words printed in this Thesaurus are easily pronounced by any one giving attention to the accent- 
marks at the end of syllables. The single accent mark — -thus, ' — indicates the primary inflection, or the syllable 
upon which the greater stress must be laid. The double accent mark — thus, " — -shows the secondary inflection, 
directing that some stress shall be laid, but less than that indicated by the primary accent. 

The pronunciation of all foreign phrases is found in parentheses following. Note well these indications. 
Wherever the phonetic a is found, it is to be pronounced as in sofa, partake; where the phonetic v occurs, 
it indicates such a sound as u in cup. The diphthong ai is sounded as ai in aisle and i in pz'ne; au as ou in the 
word howse. When iu appears, it equals the sound in mute. The phonetic letter H equals the German sound 
in the word ach; the inverted period placed beside the letter n, in any French word, gives it a broad, nasal 
sound. Thus, bon' is pronounced somewhat like ong, in song, except that the g is silent; zh should generally be 
sounded as an aspirate, as g in mirage (mirazh'). 

Respellings for pronunciation have been given for all foreign words and phrases at their vocabulary places 
in this dictionary. 

The Latin words have been pronounced according to the English method. 

English words have been divided into syllables and the accented syllables marked. 

In the respellings the ordinary Roman types have been used so far as possible. 

Instead of using diacritics for peculiar sounds of a and u, the standard types of the American Philological' 
Association have been adopted. 

The letters b, d, f, h. j, k, 1, m, n, o, p, q, r, t, v, w, have been used with their ordinary normal values. 

The following letters have been used with values as indicated : 


as in far. 


as in this. 


as in church. 


as in cat. 


as in c;/p. 


as th in thou. 


as in car. 


as in ride. 


as u in mute. 


as in mrt. 


as in G. liber 


as in sing. 


as in th^y. 


as in bo*. 


=cw as in quit. 


a9 in gun. 


as in canyon. 


as in she. 

as in din. 


as in 3ebra. 


as in thin. 


as in machine 


as in aisle. 


as g in mirage 


as ch in G 


as ok in house. 

n - 

as n in F. 

bon - 


as in author. 

Thesaurus Dictionary 




Ai. Excellent. Goodness-Badness. 

A. B. Able-bodied seaman. Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

a bene placito [It.] (a be-ne pla-chi'-to) . At pleasure. 

a c/:\" on a blanc [P.] (a bis u a blan'). In one way or 
another; "by hook or by crook;" at all hazards. 
Craft-Artlessness, Determination- Vacillation. 

a bon droit [F.l (a boir drwa). With justice. Right- 

a ban inarchi [F.] (a bon' mar-she'). At a good bargain, 
cheap. Costliness-Cheapness, Price-Discount. 

a capile ad calcctn [L.] (e cap'-i-ti ad cal'-sem). From 
head to heel. Entirety-Deficiency. 

a compte [F.l (a con't). On account. Credit-Debt. 

a convert [F.] (a cu-var'). Undercover. Enlighten- 
ment-Secrecy, Security-Insecurity. 

a fond [F.] (a fon'). To the bottom. Entirety- 

a forfait [FJ (a for-fS') . By contract. Contract. 

a fortiori [L.] (S for-shi-o'-rai) . With stronger reason. 


a lanicricaine [F.] (a la-me-ri-kdn') . In the American 
. style. Society-Ludicrousness. 

a I'anglaise [F.] (a lcar-glez'). In the English style. 

a outrance [F.] (a u-trans'). To the utmost. En- 

a pl.nnb [F.] (a plom). Perpendicularly. Erectness- 

a propos [F.] (a pro-po') . To the point. Connection- 
Independence, Harmony-Discord, Opportune- 
ness-Unsuitable n ess, Propriety-Impropriety. 

a propos de bottes [F.] (a pro-po' de bot). Not to the 
purpose. Connection-Independence. 

a se [L] (e si). From itself. Connection-Independ- 

a temps, tout vient pour qui soit aiiendre [F.] (a tan', tu 
vi-an'' pur ki swat at-tandr'). Everything comes in 
time to him who knows how to wait. Earliness- 
Lateness, Persistence-Whim. 

ab acta a>i posse valet consecutio [L.] (abac'-tiuad pos'-si 
ve'-let con-si-kiu'-shi-o). From what has been to 
what may be. Ratiocination-Instinct. 

lb alio exspectes, alteri quod feceris [L.] (ab e'-li-o ex- 
pec'-tiz, al'-ter-ai quod fes'-er-is). Expect to receive 
such treatment as you have given. Reprisal- 

■ab extra [L.] (ab ex'-tra). From without. Outside- 

\b inconvenienti [L.] (ab in-con-vi-ni-en'-tai). From 
the inconvenience involved. Difficulty-Facility. 

From the beginning. 

ab initio [L.] (ab in-ish'-i-o) . 

ab intra [L.] (ab in'-tra). From within. 

ab origine [L.] ab o-rij'-i-ni). From the origin. Be- 

ab ovo [L.] (ab o'-vo). From the egg. Beginning- 

ab ovo usquead mala [L] (ab o'-vo us'-qui ad me'-la). 
From egg to apples. Entirety-Deficiency. 

ab uno disce omnes [L] (ab yu'-no dis'-si om'-niz). 
From one learn all. Uniformity-Diversity. 

ab'-a-cist. A calculator. Numbering. 

a-back'. Backward. Anteriority-Posteriority; 
take aback, Expectation-Surprise. 

ab'-a-cus. Calculating frame, the top member of a 
capital. Architecture, Numbering. 

A-bad'-don. Apollyon. Angel-Satan, Heaven- 

a-baft'. Toward the stern. Anteriority-Posterior- 

ab-a'-li-en-ate. To transfer. Alienation. 

ab-a"-li-en-a'-tion. A transfer. Alienation. 

a-ban'-don. To give up. Arrival-Departure, Keep- 
ing-Relinquishment, Quest-Abandonment, Socia- 
bility-Privacy; abandon hope, Sanguineness- 

a-ban-don'. Ease of manner. Activity-Indolence, 

a-ban'-doned. Depraved. Carefulness-Careless- 
ness, Sociability-Privacy, Virtue- Vice. 

a-ban'-don-ment. Desertion. Giving-Receiving, 

a-bas'. A Persian coin. Values. 

a-base'. To degrade. Elevation-Depression, Self- 

a-base'-ment. Humiliation. Elevation-Depres- 
sion, Presumption-Obsequiousness, Reputa- 

a-bash'. To disconcert. Sanguineness-Timidity, 

a-bashed'. Disconcerted. Selfrespect-Humbleness. 

a-bate'. To diminish. Costliness-Cheapness, In- 

a-bate'-ment. A reduction. Costliness-Cheapness, 
Increase- Decrease. 

ab'-a-tis. An obstruction of felled trees. Attack- 

a"-bat-toir'. A slaughter house. Life-Killing. 

ab'-ba. Father. Parentage-Progeny. 

ab'-ba-cy. Jurisdiction of an abbot. Church. 

In parenthesis: far, cat; met, they; din, machine; cup, rule, G. iiber (in nearly) ; canyon; aisle; au = house; 
author; iu = mute; c=k; church; dh — <«ou; go; h = G. ach; F. bon* = nearly song; quit; zh = mirage. 



ab-ba'-tial. Like an abbey. Church. 

ab-bat'-ic-al. Like an abbey. Church. 

abbe [F.] (a-be')- An abbot. Ministry-Laity. 

ab'-bess. Lady superior of a nunnery. Ministry-Laity. 

ab'-bey. A monastery or nunnery. Architecture, 

ab'-bot. Superior of an abbey. Ministry-Laity. 

ab-bre'-vi-ate. To shorten. Digest, Length-Short- 

ab-bre"-vi-a'-tion. An abridgment. Digest, Length- 

ab-bre'-vi-a-ture. A shortening. Digest, Length- 

A-B-C. The alphabet. Beginning-End, Education- 
Misteaching, Letter. 

ab'-dal. A Mohammedan devotee. Ministry-Laity, 

ab'-di-cant. One who abdicates. Commission-Retire- 

ab'-di-cate. To withdraw from. Commission-Retire- 
ment, Rule-License. 

ab"-di-ca'-tion. A giving up. Commission-Retire- 
ment, Rule-License. 

ab'-di-to-ry. Place for concealing anything. Dis- 

ab-dom'-i-nal. Pertaining to the abdomen. Anatomy. 

ab-duce'. To lead away. Attraction-Repulsion. 

ab-du'-cent. Drawing away. Attraction-Repul- 

ab-duct'. To carry away wrongfully. Attraction- 
Repulsion, Taking-Restitution, Theft. 

ab-duc'-tion. A carrying away. Attraction-Repul- 
sion, Taking-Restitution. 

ab-duc'-tive. Carrying away. Attraction-Repulsion. 

a"-be-ce-da'-ri-an. Learner or teacher of the alphabet. 
Instructor-Pupil, Letter. 

a"-be-ce'-da-ry. An A-B-C book; pertaining to letters. 
School, Letter. 

abends wird der Faule ficissig [G.] (a' -bents virt der 
Fau'-le flais'-sin). In the evening the lazy man 
becomes diligent. Activity-Indolence. 

ab-er'-rance. A departing from the correct way. Aim- 

ab-er'-rant. Wandering. Aim-Aberration, Concen- 
tration-Radiation, Conventionality-Unconven- 
tionality, Truth-Error. 

ab"-er-ra'-tion. Deviation from a course. Aim-Aber- 
ration, Concentration-Radiation, Convention- 
ality-Unconventionality, Deviation, Saneness- 


a-bet'. To encourage. Obstruction-Help. 

a-bet'-tor. One who abets. Antagonist-Assistant. 

a-bey'-ance. Temporary inaction. Discontinuance- 
Continuance, Earliness-Lateness. Entity-Non- 
entity, Expectation-Surprise ; in abeyance, Vigor- 

a-bey'-ant. In a state of suspension. Expectation- 

ab-hor'. To hate extremely. Desire-Distaste, Love- 

ab-hor'-rence. Detestation. Desire-Distaste. 

ab-hor'-rent. Hateful. Love-Hate, Pleasurable- 

a-bide'. To remain. Discontinuance-Continuance, 
Emotion, Excitability-Inexcitability, Expecta- 
tion-Surprise, Lastingn ess-Trans ientn ess, Muta- 
tion-Permanence, Presence-Absence; abide by, 
Assent-Dissent, Observance-Nonobseryance; 
not abide, Desire-Dislike. 

a-bi'-ding. Enduring. Lastingness-Transientness. 

ab'-i-gail. A lady's maid. Chief-Underling. 

a-bil'-i-ty. Power, Might-Impotence, Mind-Imbe- 
cility, Skill-Unskilfulness; to the best of one's 
abilities, Toil-Relaxation. 

ab"-i-o-gen'-e-sis. Production of living from non-living 
matter. Biology, Creation-Destruction. 

ab'-ject. Despicable. Presumption-Obsequiousness, 
Reputation-Discredit, Uprightness-Dishonesty; 
abject fear, Bravery-Cowardice, Sanguineness- 


ab-jec'-tion. Humiliation. Uprightness-Dishonesty. 

ab'-ject"-ness. Meanness. Reputation-Discredit. 

ab-junc'-tion. Separation by means of a joint. Union- 

ab"-ju-ra'-tion. Renunciation. Assertion-Denial, 
Bigotry-Apostasy, Commission-Retirement. 

ab-jure'. To renounce under oath. Commission-Ab- 
rogation, Persistence-Whim. 

ab-jure'-ment. Renouncing. Bigotry-Apostasy. 

ab-la'-tion. Removal. Addition-Subtraction, Tak- 

ab'-la-tive. The ablative case. Grammar-Solecism, 

a-blaze'. On fire. Heat-Cold, Light-Darkness. 

a'-ble. Having sufficient power. Might-Impotence, 
Skill-Unskilfulness; able seaman, Wayfarer- 

a'-ble-bod"-ied. Robust. Strengtii-AVeakness. 

ab'-le-gate. A special papal envoy. Deputy, Estab- 

a'-ble-ness. State of being able. Might-Impotence. 

ab'-lep-sy. Blindness. Sight-Blindness. 

ab-lude'. To differ. Variation. 

ab-lu'-tion. A cleansing. Cleanness-Filthiness. 

ab"-ne-ga'-tion. Denial. Assertion-Denial, Mod- 
eration-Selfindulgence, Proffer-Re: ; usal; self- 
abnegation, Unselfishness-Selfishness. 

ab-nor'-mal. Unnatural. Conventionality-Uncon- 
ventionality; abnormal mind, Saneness-Lunact. 

abnormis sapiens [L.] (ab-nor'-mis se'-pi-enz). An 
unusually wise man. Sagacity'-Incapacity. 

ab-nor'-mi-ty. Monstrosity. Conventionality-Un- 

ab-nor'-mous. Unnatural. Conventionality-Un- 

a-board'. Upon. Conveyance-Vessel, Pkeeence- 
Absence; go aboard, Arrival-Departure. 

a-bode'. A dwelling. Dweller-Habitation, Ex- 
tension-Place, Prophecy; take up one's abode, 
Dweller-Habitation, Establishment-Removal, 
Mutability-Stability, Presence-Absence. 

a-bode'-ment. An omen. Prophecy. 

a-bo'-ding. An omen. Prophecy. 

abois, aux [F.] (a-bwa', oz). At bay. Difficulty- 
Facility, Life-Death, Security-Insecurity. 

a-bol'-ish. To do away with. Petition-Expostulation. 

a-bol'-ish-ment. Abolition. Petition-Expostulation. 

ab"-o-li'-tion. Extinction. Creation-Destruction, 
Petition- Expostulation. 

a-bom'-i-na-ble. Very hateful. Cleanness-Filthiness, 
Goodness-Badness, Love-Hate. 

a-bom'-i-nate. To detest. Desire-Dislike, Love- 

a-bom"-i-na'-tion. Something disliked. Cleanness- 
Filthiness, Desire-Distaste, Goodness-Badness, 

a-bord'. To approach. Politeness-Impoliteness. 

ab"-o-rig'-i-nal. Native. Beginning-End, Cause- 

ab"-o-rig'-i-nes. Original inhabitants. Dweller- 

a-bort'. To miscarry. Success-Failure. 

a-bor'-tion. Act of bringing fortb prematurely. 
Preparation-Nonpreparatiox. Success-Failure. 

a-bor'-tive. Brought forth prematurely. Prepara- 
tion-Nonpreparation. Si ( . Use- 
fulness-Uselessness; abortive attempt, Success- 
Failure; abortive efforts, Success-Failure. 



a-bound'. To be plentiful. Enough. 

a-bout'. Around; nearly; at the point. Connection- 
Independence, Environment-Interposition, Mag- 
nitude-Smallness, Remoteness-Nearness; be 
about, Occupation; beat about, Midcoub 
Circuit; come about, Betterment-Deterioratio 
get about, Publicity, Renovation-Relapse; going 
about, Tidings-Mystery; not know what one is 
about, Sxill-Unskilfulness; put about, Advan 
Retrogression; round about, Aim-Aberrai 
Circuition; send about one's business, Commis: 
Abrogation; set about, Enterprise; stir about, 
Activity-Indolence; turn about, Reversal; what 
it is about, Conception-Theme; what one is about, 
Occupation; about it and about it, Terseni 
Prolixity; about to, Future-Past; about to be, 
Occurrence- Destiny. 

a-bove'. Overhead. Exposure-Hidingplace; above 
all, Consequence-Insignificance, Suprem 
Subordinacy; above board, Craft-Artlessi 
Manifestation-Latency, Uprightness-Dishon- 
esty; above comprehension, Clearness-Obscurity; 
above ground, Life-Death; above the mark, S - 
premacy-Suh i ; above par, Go li.\D- 

ness, Magnitude-Smallness; above praise, \ 
Vice; above price, Costliness-Cheapness; above 
stairs, Height Lowness; above suspicion, Inno- 
cence-Guilt; above water, Security-Insecurity. 

a-bove'-men'-tioned. Referred to before. Antece- 
dence-Sequence, Precedence-Succession, Re- 
current i 

ab"-ra-ca-dab'-ra. Nonsensical words. Devotion- 

ab-rade'. To wear away. Addition-Subi 

A'-bra-ham, sham. Feign sickness. Truthfui 

ab-rase'. To rub off. Friction-Lubrication. 

ab-ra'-sion. 'Wearing away. Addition-Subtraci 
Friability, Friction- Lubrication. 

a-breast'. Side by side. Laterality-Contraposi- 

abre'ge' [F.] (a-bre-zhS') . Abridged. Abridgment-Di- 

ab-rep'-tion. Snatching away. Taking-Restitu- 

abri, tente d' [F.] (a-bri', tant d'). Shelter tent. 

a-bridge'. To shorten. Increase-Decrease, Length- 
Shortness; abridge in writing, Digest, Terse.m 

a-bridged'. Shortened. Digest. 

a-bridg'-ment. A condensed form. Digest, Incri 
Decrease, Length-Shortness, Terseness-I 

a-broach'. On tap. Readiness-Reluctance. 

a-broad'. At a great distance. Certainty-Uncer- 
tainty, Constituent-Alien, Remoteness-Near- 
ness; get abroad, Publicity. 

ab'-ro-gate. To annul. Commission-Abrogation, 
Commissi on- Retirement. 

ab'-ro-ga-ted. Annulled. Commission-Abri igation, 

ab"-ro-ga'-tion. Repeal. Commission-Abrogation, 

ab-rupt'. Sudden. Elegance-Suddenness, Eter- 
nity-Instant an eity, Parallel ism -Inclination, 

ab-rup'-tion. A sudden breaking off. Union-Dis- 

ab-rupt'-ly. Suddenly. Eternity-Instantaneity. 

ab'-scess. An inflammatory tumor. Health-Sickn 

ab-scind'. To cut off. Addition-Subtraction, Un- 

ab-scis'-sa. An clement of reference in the locat ■ • f 
a point. Mensuration. 

ab-scis'-sion. Act of cutting off. Addition-Sub- 
traction, Union-Disunion. 

ab-scond'. To depart secretly. Arrival-Departure, 

ab'-sence. Withdrawal from a plai e Entity- Non- 
entity, Holding-Exemption, Plurality-/.! ko, 
Presence-Absence; absence of choice, Choice- 
Neutrality; absence of elasticity, Elasticity- In- 
elasticity; absence of intellect, Mind-Imbecility; 
absence of mind, Heed-Disregard; absence of mo- 
tive, Motivi absence of preparation, 
Preparation absence of solidity, 
Solidity-Rarity; absence of voice, Vocalization- 

absence d'espril [P.] (ab-sans' des-pri'). Absence of 
mind. Heed-Disregard, Reflection-Vacancy. 

haeri ■ n< n < k/ [L«] (ab-senz' hi'-riz non i'-rit). 
The absent man will not be heir. Remembrance- 

ab'-sent. Being away; absent-minded. Heed-Disre- 
gard, Presence-Absence, Reflection- Vacancy. 

ab-sent' oneself. To withdraw. Presence-Absence. 

ab-sen-tee'. One who is absent. Presi ENCB. 

ab"-sen-tee'-ism. Practice of being absent. Pres- 

ab"-sent-mind'-ed. Abstracted. Heed-Disregard. 

ab'-sinth. A bitter, greenish liquor. Redness- 

ab'-so-lute. Independent; unqualified; despotic. As- 
sertion-Denial, Certainty-Uncertainty. Choice- 
Neutrality, Dominance-Impotence, Dueness- 
Undueness, Entirety-Deficiency, Entity-Non- 
entity, Harshness-Mildness, Heed-Disregard, 
Liberty-Subjection, Magnitude-Smallness, Mind- 
Imbecility, Motive-Caprice, Presence-Absence; 
absolute interest, Property; make absolute, 
Dbcision-Misjudgment, Evidence-Counter evi- 

ab'-so-lute ad-ver'-sa-tive. A conjunction expressing 
contrariety or opposition. Particle. 

ab'-so-lute-ly. Completely. Magniti de-Smallness. 

ab'-so-lute-ness. State of being absolute. Rule- 
License. Tyranny-Anarchy. 

ab"-so-lu'-tion. Remission of sin. Duty-Immunity, 
Exculpation-Conviction, Pardon- Vindictive- 
ness, Release-Restraint. 

ab'-so-lu"-tism. Unlimited authority. Harshness- 
Mildness. Tyranny-Anarchy. 

ab-solv'-a-ble. Capable of being acquitted. A ; 


ab-solve'. To set free. Atonement, Duty-Immunity, 
Exculpation -Convict i on, Pardon-Vindici ive- 

NESS, Jealousy-Envy, Reli ase-Restraint. 

ab'-so-nant. Unreasonable. Melody-Dissonance, 
Rath tin a hon-Casuistry. 

ab'-so-nous. Discordant. Ratiocination-Casuistry. 

ab-sorb'. To take into. Admission-Expui 
Chemistry, Composition-R .. Excita: 

Use-Disusi absorb the mind, Heed-Disrec 
absorb the soul, Excitation. 

ab-sorbed'. Taken into; engrossed. Heed-Disregard. 

ab-sorb'-ent. Tending to absorb. Admission-Expul- 

ab-sorb'-ing. Tending to draw in. Emotion, Need. 

ab-sorp'-tion. .'■ isorbing. Admission-Expul- 

sion, Biology, Composition-Resolution, H 

ab-sorp'-tive. Tending to absorb. Admission-Expul- 

ab-squat'-u-late. To run away. Quest-Evasion. 

ab-stain'. To refrain. Moderation-Selfindulc.ence, 
Quest-Evasion, Use-Disuse; abstain from action, 



Action-Passiveness; abstain from voting, Choice- 

ab-stain'-er. One who abstains. Moderation-Self- 
indulgence, Teetotalism-Intemperance. 

ab-ste'-mi-ous. Sparing. Moderation-Selfindul- 


ab-ste'-mi-ous-ness. State of being sparing. Self- 

ab-sten'-tion. A refraining. Quest-Evasion. 

ab-sterge'. To make clean. Cleanness-Filthiness. 

ab-ster'-sion. A cleansing. Cleanness-Filthiness. 

ab-ster'-sive. Having cleansing qualities. Remedy- 

ab'-sti-nence. Self-denial. Moderation-Selfindul- 
gence, Quest-Evasion, Use-Disuse; abstinence 
from action, Action-Passiveness, Use-Disuse; 
abstinence from voting, Choice-Neutrality; total 
abstinence, Austerity, Moderation-Selfindul- 
gence, Use-Disuse. 

ab'-sti-nent. Continent. Moderation-Selfindul- 

ab-stract'. To take away. Digest, Taking-Resti- 
tution, Terseness-Prolixity, Theft, Union- 
Disunion; abstract idea, Conception-Theme; 
abstract oneself, Heed-Disregard, abstract noun, 
Noun; abstract thought, Heed-Disregard, Reflec- 
tion-Vacancy; in the abstract, Connection-Inde- 
pendence, Solitude-Company, Union-Disunion. 

ab-stract'-ed. Separated. Heed-Disregard. 

ab-stract'-ed-ly. Heedlessly. Union-Disunion. 

ab-stract'-ed-ness. Heedlessness. Union-Disunion. 

ab-strac'-tion. A separating; a taking. Addition- 
Subtraction, Heed-Disregard, Reflection-Va- 
cancy, Taking-Restitution, Theft, Union-Dis- 

ab-struse'. Hidden. Clearness-Obscurity. 

ab-surd'. Opposed to truth. Adage-Nonsense, 

ab-surd'-i-ty. A contradiction of sound reason. 
Adage-Nonsense, Society-Ludicrousness, Pos- 

ab-surd'-ness. State of being absurd. Adage-Non- 

A-bu'-na. The head of the Abyssinian Church. Chief- 
Underling, Ministry-Laity. 

a-bun'-dance. Plenty. Enough. 

a-bun'-dant. Plentiful. Enough, Entirety-Defi- 
ciency, Magnitude-Smallness. 

abundanti cautela, ex [L.] (ab-un-dan'-tai cau-ti'-la, ex). 
From abundant caution. Security-Insecurity. 

a-bun'-dant-ly. Plentifully. Magnitude-Smallness. 

a-burst'. In a bursting condition. Excess-Lack. 

a-buse'. To put to a bad use. Approval-Disapproval, 
Charitableness-Curse, Goodness-Badness, Puri- 
ty-Impurity, Truthfulness-Falsehood, Use-Dis- 
use; abuse of language, Word-Neology; abuse of 
terms, Interpretation-Misinterpretation, Word- 

a-buse'-ful. Full of abuse. Usefulness-Uselessness. 

a-bu'-sive. Hurtful; improper. Adulation-Dis- 
paragement, Approval-Disapproval, Charitable- 
ness-Menace, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

a-but'. To touch end to end. Interspace-Contact, 

a-but'-ment. A supporting structure. Attack-De- 
fense, Interspace-Contact, Suspension-Sup- 

a-by'. To pay the penalty for. Emotion, Excita- 
n i lit y-In excitability, Mutation-Permanence. 

a-bysm'. A chasm. Interspace-Contact. 

a-hys'-mal. Deep. Deepness-Shallowness. 

a-byss'. A bottomless gulf. Extension-Inexten- 
sion, Heaven-Hell, Interspace-Contact. 

A.C.[L.ante\. Before Christ. Duration-Nearness. 

ac"-a-dem'-ic. Classical. Education-Misteaching, 

ac"-a-dem'-ic-al. Scholarly. Purity-Crudeness. 

a-cad"-e-mi'-cian. A member of an academy. 
Scholar-Dunce; Royal Academician, Artist. 

a-cad'-e-mist. An academician. Scholar-Dunce. 

a-cad'-e-my. A place of instruction. School. 

a-can'-thus. A plant. Architecture. Embellish- 

acariatre [F.] (a-ca-ri-atr') . Crabbed. Favorite- 

a-cat"-a-lec'-tic. Not defective. Poetry. 

a-cat'-a-lep-sy. The inconceivability of things. Cer- 

accedas ad curiam [L.] (ac-si'das ad kiu'-ri-am). You 
may go to court. Litigation, Tribunal. 

ac-cede'. To agree to. Assent-Dissent, Consent. 

ac-cel'-er-ate. To quicken. Earliness-Lateness, 
Hurry-Leisure, Swiftness-Slowness, Turbu- 

ac-cel"-er-a'-tion. A quickening. Hurry-Leisure, 

ac-cen'-sion. Act of setting fire to. Heating-Cooling. 

ac'-cent. Stress of voice on a particular syllable. 
Rhetoric, Sound-Silence, Vocalization-Mute- 
ness; broken accent, Vocalization-Muteness. 

ac-cen'-tu-ate. To pronounce with an accent. Con- 
sequence-Insignificance, Vocalization-Mute- 

ac-cen"-tu-a'-tion. Act of accentuating. Poetry- 
Prose, Vocalization-Muteness. 

ac-cept'. To take when offered. Assent-Dissent, 
Consent, Giving-Receiving, Taking-Restitu- 

acccpta [L.] (ac-sep'ta). Receipts. Accounts, Se- 

ac-cept'-a-ble. Pleasing. Pleasurableness-Pain- 
fulness, Propriety-Impropriety. 

ac-cept'-ance. Act of accepting. Assent-Dissent. 
Consent, Giving-Receiving, Interpretation- 
Misinterpretation, Security. 

ac"-cep-ta'-tion. Accepted meaning. Interpretation- 
Misinterpretation, Meaning-Jargon. 

ac-cep'-tion. Favoritism. Interpretation-Misin- 

ac'-cess. A coming near. Approach-Withdrawal; 
easy of access, Difficulty-Facility; means of 
access, Way. 

ac-ces'-si-ble. Capable of being reached. Difficulty- 
Facility, Possibility-Impossibility. 

ac-ces'-sion. Increase. Addition^Subtraction, Com- 
mission-Abrogation, Consent, Increase-De- 
crease, Rule-License. 

ac-ces'-so-ry. Additional; aiding. Addition-Sub- 
traction, Antagonist-Assistant, Increment- 
Remnant, Obstruction-Help, Solitude-Com- 

acciaccatura [It.] (at-chac-ca-tu'-ru) . A grace note in 
music. Melody-Dissonance. 

ac'-ci-dence. Rudiments. Grammar-Solecism. 

ac'-ci-dent. Event; chance; disaster. Good-Evil, 
Occurrence-Destiny, Rationale-Luck, Welfare- 
Misfortune; fatal accident, Life-Killing. 

ac"-ci-den'-tal. Unexpected. Purpose-Luck, Ra- 
tionale-Luck, Subjectiven ess-Objective ness. 

ac"-ci-den'-tal-ly. Casually. Subjectiveness-Objec- 


ac'-ci-dents, trust to the chapter of. Purpose-Luck. 

ac-cip'-i-ent. A receiver. Giving-Receiving. 

ac-claim'. Applause. Approval- Disapproval. 

ac"-cla-ma'-tion. Shout of assent. Approval-Dis- 
approval, Assent-Dissent. 

ac-cli"-ma-ti-za'-tion. An habituating. Habit-Desue- 



ac-cli'-ma-tize. To adapt to a new climate. Domes- 
tication-Agriculture, Habit- Desuetude. 

ac-cliv'-i-ty. An upward slope. Ascent-Descent, 

ac-cli'-vous. Sloping upward. Parallelism-Incli- 

ac-cloy'. To fill full. Excess-Lack. 

ac"-co-lade'. Salutation of knighthood. Politeness- 

ac-com'-mo-date. To oblige; furnish. Equality- 
Inequality, Fighting-Conciliation, Giving-Re- 
ceiving, Harmony-Discord, Loan-Borrowing, 
Obstruction-Help; accommodate oneself to, Con- 
ventionality-Uncon vention ality ; accommodate 
with, Giving-Receiving, Loan-Borrowing. 

ac-com'-mo-da"-ting. Obliging. Charitableness- 

ac-com"-mo-da'-tion. Adjustment. Fighting-Con- 
ciliation, Keeping-Relinquishment, Obstruc- 

ac-com'-pa-ni-ment. Something added. Addition- 
Subtraction, Increment-Remnant, Music, Soli- 

ac-com'-pa-nist. One who accompanies. Musician. 

ac-com'-pa-ny. To go with. Addition-Subtraction, 
Coexistence, Musician, Solitude-Company. 

ac-com'-pa-ny-ing. Going with. Solitude-Company. 

accompli, fait [F.] (ac-con'-pli', fet). An accomplished 
deed. Completion-Noncompletion. 

ac-com'-plice. An associate. Antagonist-Assistant. 

ac-com'-plish. To carry out. Completion-Nonom- 
pletion.Creation-Destructton, Success-Failure ; 
accomplish with difficulty, Difficulty-Facility. 

ac-com'-plished. Carried out. Scholar-Dunce, Skill- 

ac-com'-plish-ment. Completion. Anything that per- 
fects. Completion-Noncompletion, Knowledge- 
Ignorance, Skill-Unskilfui.ness. 

ac-compts'. Accounts. Accounts. 

ac-cord . To grant; harmony. Assent-Dissent, Giv- 
ing-Receiving, Harmony-Discord, Leave-Pro- 
hibition, Melody-Dissonance, Uniformity-Diver- 
sity, Variance-Accord; in accord, Harmony-Dis- 
cord; of one's own accord, Readiness-Reluctance. 

ac-cord'-ance. Agreement. Assent-Dissent, Giving- 
Receiving, Harmony-Discord, Leave-Prohibi- 
tion, Uniformity-Diversity; accordance with 
reality, Nature-Art; accordance with truth, 
Nature-Art; in accordance, Conventionality- 
Unconventionality; in accordance with, Har- 

ac-cord'-ant. Harmonious. Harmony-Discord; be 
accordant, Harmony-Discord; render accordant, 

ac-cord'-ing. Agreeing. According as, Modification; 
according to, Evidence-Counterevidence; accord- 
ing to circumstances, Condition-Situation; accord- 
ing to every reasonable expectation, Likelihood- 
LTnlikelihood; according to law, Law-Lawless- 
ness; according to regulation, Conventionality- 
Unconventionality; according to rule, Conven- 
tionality-Unconventionality; according to this 
occasion, Condition-Situation. 

ac-cord'-ing-ly. Suitably. Condition - Situation, 
Ratiocination- Instinct. 

ac-cor'-di-on. A musical wind-instrument. Musical 

ac-cor'-di-on-ist. A player on the accordion. Musician. 

ac-cost'. To address. Address-Response. 

ac-cou-cheur' (cu-shur). An assistant at childbirth. 

Instrumentality, Remedy-Bane. 
ac-count'. A reckoning. Account, Accounts, Ap- 
proval-Disapproval, Credit-Debt, Decision- 

ING. Record, Reputation-Discredit; call to 

account, Approval-Disapproval; find one's account 
in, Success-Failure, Usefulness-Uselessness; 
make no account of, Overvaluation-Undervalua- 
tion; not account for, Clearness-Obscurity; on 
account of, Motive-Caprice, Obstruction-Help, 
Purpose-Luck, Rationale-Luck; on no account, 
Assertion-Denial, Leave-Prohibition, Proffer- 
Refusal; send to one's account, Life-Killinc; 
take into account, Heed-Disregard, Modification; 
small account, Consequence-Insignificance; to 
one's account, Property: turn to account, Better- 
mi nt-Deterioration, Gain-Loss, Success-Fail- 
ure, Use-Disusk; account as, Faith-Misgiving; 
account for, Interpretation-Misinterpretation, 
Rationale-Luck; account with, Exchange, Set- 


Account. A written or spoken record. 

Adventures. Hazardous events in a man's life. 

Ana. A collection of sayings and anecdotes. 

Anecdotes. Short si 

Annals. Narrative of events divided into periods. 

Apologue. Narrative of events to biirp out some moral truth 

Autobiography. A story of one's own life by himself. 

Biography. The story of a person's life. 

Chronography. rlistol rd. 

Circumstantial account. An account Riving many details. 

Confessions, Facts relative to the life of a person. 

Delineation. Representing by drawing bold outlines. 

Description. An account, a word portrayal. 

Detailed account. A description giving minute details. 

Essay. A composition on a subject less formal than a treat: 

Expose [F.]. Statement; account; outline. 

Fable. A fictitious story written to teach some moral. 

Fairy tale. A recital of the deeds of a fairy ; an invented story- 

Fortunes. Events which befall a person during his life. 

Historiette. An historical treatise on a small scale. 

Historiography. The writing of historic treatises; histories. 

History. A written record of events. 

Journal. An account of daily events. 

Legend. A traditional si • 

Memoir. A short biography; reminiscences; something merr • 

Memorial. A token or monument to perpetuate the memory of 
some one or something. 

Minute account. A record in full. 

Monograph. An essay upon a definite thing or special class. 

Narration. The act of recounting the particulars of an €' 
series of events in the order of occurrence. 

Narrative. A logical account of the successive events cf something. 

Necrology. A record of deaths. 

Nursery tale. A story, or 1 Mren. 

Parable. A religious allegory, like the parables of Christ. 

Particulars. A record in full. 

Personal narration. A description about some particular person. 

Recital. An account given in detail. 

Record. Official proceedings entered in a book. 

Rehearsal. A narration; a repeating of some performance to bo 
rendered during some theatrical season. 

Relation. A telling; a recital 

Report. A recountal of events. 

Romance. A story of adventure or chivalry. 

Sketch. A rough outline; a general delineation. 

Specification. An account where every detail is specified. 

Statement. A setting forth of certain opinions. 

Statement of facts. Ground upon which evidence is to be consid- 

Story. A tale; a history; a record. 

Summary of facts. An epitome ; a collection of the main points 

Tale. A story, an account; statement. 

Thesis. A subject prescribed to a student to write before granting 
him a degree. 

Tradition. The handing down from one generation to anotber by 
word of mouth of the customs, deeds, attainments, ete.. of a people 

Treatise. A formal essay ; a composition on a particular subiec t 

Work of fiction. A novel; a book or'fiction. 

Account — Associated Nouns. 

Biographer. One who writes biographies. 
Clio. The muse of history. 



Fabulist. A writer of fables; one who falsifies. 

Guide book. A book of information for travelers and tourists. 

Historian. A recorder and interpreter of events. 

Historic muse. See Clio. 

Minerva Press. The press in London which printed a great many 

trashy novels in the eighteenth century. 
Novelist. A writer of fiction. 
Relator. One who recounts; narrator. 

Account — Verbs. 
Characterize. To set forth traits or well-known marks. 
Descend to details, descend to particulars. To give descriptions in full. 
Describe. To depict; delineate. 
Draw a picture. To bring out the features of something with pencil 

and brush. 
Enter into particulars. See Descend to particulars. 
Fight one*s battles over again. Recall old adventures. 
Give an account of. To describe; to tell about. 
Make a report. To give a full account of; usually, written. 
Narrate. To tell; to recount. 
Particularize. Mention details. 

Picture. To paint; to set forth in bold relief. 
Portray. See Delineation. 
Recapitulate. To repeat ; to give a summary of. 
Recite. Rehearse; repeat. 
Recount. Relate; to tell. 
Rehearse. To go over again; to relate. 
Relate. To narrate; to report. 
Render an account of. To give a true report. 
Report, Give an account; to tell the facts. 
Set forth. See Assertion 
Sum up. To make a summary. 
Unfold a tale. To relate a tale ; to unravel a story . 

Account — Adjectives. 
Anecdotic. See Nouns. 
Described. See \'erbs. 
Descriptive. Narrative; pictorial. 
Epic. A recital of heroic exploits. 
Graphic. Very clear and pronounced. 
Historic. A part of history. 
Legendary. Based on tradition. *" 
Narrative. See Account. 
Storied. Connected with history. 
Suggestive. Incidents which call forth others. 
Traditional. Not authentic ; based on legends. 
Traditionary. Traditional. 

Account — Phrase. 
Furor scribendi [L.]. Rage for writing. 

ac-count'-a-ble. Responsible. Accounts, Duty- 

ac-count'-a-ble-ness. Responsibility. D u r v- 1 mmunitv. 

ac-count'-ant. One skilled in accounts. Accounts. 

ac-count'-ant gen'-er-al. Chief accountant. Treas- 

ac-count'-ing. Reckoning. Accounts. 

ac-counts'. Records. Accounts, Money. 


A;compts. Accounts. 

Account. Record of debits, credits, etc. 

Account current. A running account. 

Accounts. Record of business transactions. 

Account settled. An account closed and verified 

lUlance sheet. A sheet of paper on which the balance is put for 

i n ;pe< I ion , 
I til. An orderly statement of small business transactions, 
fcudget. A financial statement put before a legislature. 
Cash account. An account of ready money. 
Cample rendu [F.]. A returned account. 
Debtor and creditor account. An account in which debts and credits 

are exhibited 
Money matters. Financial statements or atTairs. 
Reckoning. An account stated; a score. 
Running account. An open account. 
Score. A bill- 
Statistics. Classified facts. See NUMBERING. 
Trial balance. In double-entry bookkeeping, a final statement of 

all balances in the ledger accounts. 

Accounts — Agency. 

Accountant. One who keeps or makes accounts. 
Accounting party. One who is required to make an account 
Actuary. A calculating officer in an insurance company. 
Auditor. One who examines accounts. 
Bookkeeper. One who keeps account books. 
Financier. One skilled in finance. See Treasurer. 

Accounts — Means. 

Account books. Books in which accounts are kept. 

Books. A general name for all account books. 

Cash books. Books in which cash transactions are recorded. 

Day book. A journal of every item of daily business. 

Journal. A register of daily transactions. 

Ledger. Principal account book. 

Pass book. A small book in which credits are kept. 

Accounts — Associated Nouns. 

Accepta [L.]. Receipts. 

Acquit [F.]. Discharge from debt. 

Audit. An examination of an account by proper persons. 

Balance. An excess of credit over debtor side, or vice versa. 

Bookkeeping. The method by which accounts are kept. 

Commercial arithmetic. The science of mercantile transactions. 

Double entry. A special method of keeping accounts. 

Finance. The science of the proper management of monetary affairs 

Monetary arithmetic. Arithmetic of finance. 

Accounts — Verbs. 

Audit. To adjust an account. 

Balance accounts. To make debit and credit sides of an account 

Book. Record in an account book. 
Bring to book. Put a transaction in a book. 
Carry over. To transfer an account from one book to another or 

from one page to another. 
Cast up accounts. To compute accounts. 
Cook an account. To tamper with an account. 
Credit To enter upon credit side of accounts. 
Debit. To enter upon debit side of accounts. 
Doctor an account. To falsify an account. 
Enter. To put on record; to enroll. 
Falsify an account. To make an account false. 
Garble an account. To mutilate an account. 
Keep an account. To record accounts in a book. 
Make accounts square. To make the accounts even . 
Make up accounts. Compute accounts. 
Post. To transfer accounts from journal to ledger. 
Settle accounts. To balance or pay an account. 
Square an account. To make an account balance. 
Surcharge and falsify. To show an item in an account omitted or 

Take stock. Take an account of merchandise. 
Tax. To lay a burden upi >n; to assess. 
Wind up accounts. To cl 

Accounts — Adjectives. 

Accountable. Capable of being accounted. 

Accounting. Computing; reckoning up. 

Monetary. Of or pertaining to money or finance. See Money. 

ac-coup'-le. To join. Union-Disunion. 

ac-cou'-ter. To furnish. Dress-Undress, Prepara- 


ac-cou'-ter-ment. Trappings. Dress, Undress, In- 

ac-coy'. To soothe. Turbulence-Calmness. 

ac-cred'-it. To give authority to. Artist, Credit- 
Debt, Reputation-Discredit, Truthfulness- 

ac-cred'-it-ed. Believed. Credit-Debt, Faith-Mis- 
giving, Habit-Desuetude; accredited to, Commis- 
sion-Abrogation, Representative. 

ac-cre'-tion. Growth. Biology, Cohesion-Looseness, 
Enlargement-Diminution, Increase-Decrease. 

ac-crim"-i-na'-tion. Accusation. Justification- 

ac-croach'. To usurp. Taking-Restitution. 



ac-cru'-al. Increase. Increase-Decrease. 
ac-crue'. To accumulate. Addition-Subtraction, 

Cause-Effect, Gain-Loss, Giving-Receiving, 

ac-crust'. To become hard. Hardness-Softness. 
ac"-cu-ba'-tion. Reclining. Erectness-Flatnlss. 
accueil [F.] (ac-cu-iy). Reception. Politeness-Im- 


ac-cum'-bent. Lying down. Erectness-Flatness. 

ac-cu'-mu-late. To collect. Excess-Lack, Gathering- 
Scattering, Store. 

a:-cu"-mu-la'-tion. Excess-Lack, Gathering-Scat- 
tering, Store. 

ac'-cu-ra-cy. Exactness. Carefulness-Carelessness, 

ac'-cu-rate. Exact. Carefulness-Carelessness, 


ac-curse'. Doom to evil. Charitableness-Curse. 

»:-cursed'. Miserable. Goodness-Badni I'm vsure- 
Pain, Virtue-Vice. 

ac-cu'-sa-ble. Blameworthy. Justification-Charge. 

accusare nemo se d< h I II..] (ac-kiu-ze'-ri ni'-mo si di'- 
bet). No one is bound to accuse himself . LITIGATION. 

ac"-cu-sa'-tion. A charge of crime. Justification- 
Charge, Litigation. 

ac-cu'-sa-tive. The case of nouns which denotes the 
object of a transitive verb. Noun. 

ac-cu'-sa-to-ry. Accusing. Justification-Charge. 

ac-cuse'. To charge with wrong-doing. Approval- 
Disapproval, Exculpation-Conviction, Justifi- 
catji in-Charge, Litigation. 

ac-cused'. Charged. Justification-Chargi 

ac-cus'-er. One who accuses. Justification-Chargi 

ac-cus'-ing. Charging. Justification-CharC!. 

ac-cus'-tom. To make wonted. Habit-Desuetude. 

ac-cus'-tom-a-ry. Habitual. Habit-Desuetude. 

ac-cus'-tomed. Habituated. Habit-Desuetude. 

ace. A minute portion. Magnitude-Smallness, Sol- 
itude-Company; within an ace, Remoteness-Near- 

A-cel'-da-ma. Place of bloody associations. Life- 
Killing, Lists. 

a-cerb'. Harsh; sharp. Sweetness-Acidity. 

ac'-er-bate. Embittered. Alleviation-Aggravation, 

a-cerb'-ic. Severe. Austerity. 

a-cerb'-i-ty. Bitterness. Charitableness-Malevo- 
lence, Favorite-Quarrelsomeness, Palatable- 
ness-Unpalatableness, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

acerrima proximorum odia[L.] (a-ser'-ri-ma prox-i-mo'- 
rum o'-di-a) . Fiercest the hatred of those nearest 
kin. Love-Hate. 

a-cer'-vate. Massed together. Gathering-Scatter- 

acervalim [L.] (a-scr-ve-tim). In heaps. Excess- 
Lack Gathering-Scattering, Multiplicity-Pau- 

ac"-er-va'-tion. Amassing. Gathering-Scattering. 

a-ces'-cent. Tart. Sweetness-Acidity. 

a-cet'-ic. Sour. Sweetness-Acidity. 

ac'-e-tone. An inflammable liquid. Chemistry. 

ac'-e-tous. Sour. Chemistry, Sweetness-Acidity. 

ac'-et-yl-ene". An illuminating gas. Chemistry. 

ackarnt [F.] (a-shur-ne') . Ravenous. Favorite- 

tchurnement [F.] (a-sharn-muir'). Bloodthirstiness. 
Favorite- Anger. 

Achates, fidus [L.] (a-ke'-tiz, fai'-dus) . Faithful Achates; 
trusty friend. Friend-Foe, L t prightness-Rogue. 

ache. A pain. Pleasure-Pain, Sensuality-Suf- 

Ach'-e-ron, pit of. Hell. Heaven-Hell. 

Acherontd, flectere si nequeo superos, — movebo [L.] 
(ak"-er-on'-ta, flec'-ter-i sai ni'-qui-o siu'-per-os, — 

mo-vi'-bo). If I fail to move the powers abovi , 1 
will move Acheron. Success-Failure. 

i pabulum [L] (ak-er-on'-tis pab'-yu-lum) . 
I iod for Acheron. Good Man-Bad Man. 

a-chiev'-a-ble. Capable of being done. Possibility- 

a-chieve'. To accomplish. Action-Passiveness, Be- 
ginning-End, Completion-Xoncomi'letion, Crea- 
te i.\ -I >ESTRUCTION. 

a-chieve'-ment. A successful action. Action-Pas- 
siveness, Bravery-Cowardice, Compli pion-Non- 
COMPLETION, Creation-Destruction, 
e i< atio n . 

Ach"-il-le'-an. Invulnerable; wrathful. Favorite- 
i i krelsomeness, Security-Insecurity. 

A-chil'-les, heel of (-kil'-). A vulnerable part. S 

a'-ching. Suffering pain. Pleasure-Pain, Sensual- 
ity-Suffering; aching heart, Pleasure-Pain. 

ach"-ro-mat'-ic Colorli i or-Achromatism. 

a-chro'-ma-tism. Quality of being colorless. Color- 
Ai hromatism. 

a-chro'-ma-tize. To make achromatic. ColOR-Achro- 

M AT] 'I 

a-cic'-u-lar. Sharp-pi int. :d. Sharpness-Bluntness. 
ac'-id. A sour substance. Chemistry, Sweetness- 

Al 1D1TY. 

a-cid'-i-fy. To make acid. Sweetness-Acidity. 

a-cid'-i-ty. State of bcin rNESS-AciDlTY. 

a-cid'-u-late. To embitter. Sweetness-A( IDITY. 

a-cid'-u-la"-ted. Made : dity. 

a-cid'-u-lous. Subacid. Sweetness-Acidity. 

acieria errando [Sp.] (o-thi ■ er-ran'-do) . He 

blunders into the right. Adept-Bungler, Pur- 
pi ise-Luck. 

ac'-i-form. Needle -Bluntness. 

ac-knowl'-edge. To admit. Assent-Dissent, Asser- 
tion-Denial, Consent, Eyidence-Counterevi- 
dence, Exposure-Hidingplace, Investigation- 
Answer, Observance-Nonobservance, Ru om- 
PENSE-Punition, Repj . . racy. Sagac- 

ity-Incapacity, Settlemei i - ilt, Thank- 

ac-knowl'-edged. I Habit-Desuetude. 

ac-knowl'-edg-ment. Avowal ition; an official 

declaration. Dissent, Assertion-Denial, 

Consent, Exposure-Hidingplai e, Investigation- 
Answer, Observance-Nonobservance, Rem im- 
pense-Punition, Repentance-Obduracy, Settle- 
men i-Dii ault. Thankfulness-Thanklessness. 

ac'-me. The highest point. Top-Bottom; acme of 
perfection, Faultlessness-Fai ltiness. 

a-col'-o-gy. Medical science. Remedy-Bane. 

a-col'-o-thyst. An attendant. Ministry-Laity. 

ac'-o-lyte. An attendant Ministry-Laity. 

ac'-o-lyth. A Catholic priest. Ministry-Laity. 

a-co'-mi-a. Baldness. Beauty-Ugliness. 

ac'-o-nite. A medicinal plant. Remedy-Bane. 

a-cous'-tic. Pertaining to hearing. Hearing-Deaf- 
ness; acoustic organs. Hearing-Deafness. 

a-cous'-tics. Science of sound. Sound-Silence. 

ac-quaint'. To make familiar. Acquaint oneself 
with, Education-Misteaching, Enlightenment- 
Secrecy; acquaint with, Enlightenment-Secrecy. 

ac-quaint'-ance. Knowledge of any person or thing. 
Enlightenment-Secrecy. Friend-Foe. Knowl- 
edge-Ignorance; make acquaintance with, Amity- 

ac-quaint'-ed. Informed. Sociability-Privacy. 

ac-quaint'-ed with. Known to. Amity-Hostility. 

ac-quaint'-ing. Making familiar. Enlightening- 

ac-quest'. Property acquired in any way except by 
inheritance. Property. 



ac"-qut-esce' . To submit. Assent-Dissent, Con- 

ac"-qui-es'-cence. Subinission. Assent-Dissent, Con- 
ac"-qui-es'-cent. Yielding. Assent-Dissent. 
ac-quire'. To obtain. Creation-Destruction, Gain- 
Loss, Outlay-Income; acquire a habit, Habit- 
Desuetude ; acquire learning, Education-Learning. 
ac-quire'-ment. Attainment. Education-Learning, 

Knowledge-Ignorance, Skill-Unskilfulness. 
ac"-qui-si'-tion. Anything gained. Gain-Loss, Giv- 

ing-Receiving, Knowledge-Ignorance. 
ac-quis'-i-tive. Able to acquire. Gain-Loss. 

ac-quit'. To free from. Exculpation-Conviction, 
Innocence-Guilt, Justification-Charge, Pardon- 
Vindictiveness, Release-Restraint ; acquit one- 
self, Conduct, Settlement-Default; acquit oneself 
of a debt, Settlement-Default; acquit oneself of 
a duty, Duty-Dereliction; acquit oneself of an 
obligation, Observance-Nonobservance. 

acquit [F.] (uc-ki'). Discharge. Accounts, Credit- 

ac-quit'-tal. Discharge. Duty-Immunity, Exculpa- 
tion-Conviction, Observance-Nonobservance, 

ac-quit'-tance. Release. Observance-Nonobserv- 
ance, Security, Settlement-Default. 

ac-quit'-ted. Freed. Exculpation-Conviction. 

a'-cre-age. Area in acres. Extension-District. 

a'-cres. Measure of land. Extension-District, Meas- 
ure, Ocean-Land, Property. 

A'-cres, Bob. Character in The Rivals; a coward. 

ac'-rid. Of a burning taste. Palatableness-Unpal- 
atableness, Pungency. 

ac"-ri-mo'-ni-ous. Sarcastic; bitter. Charitableness- 
Malevolence, Favorite- Anger, Palatableness- 
Unpalatableness, Presumption-Obsequiousness, 

ac'-ri-mo-ny. Sharpness of speech or temper. Char- 
itableness-Curse, Favorite- Anger, Love- Hate, 
Order, Politeness-Impoliteness, Vigor-Inertia. 

ac'-ri-tude. Bitterness. Pungency, Vigor-Inertia. 

ac"-ro-a-mat'-ic. Esoteric. Knowledge- Ignorance. 

ac'-ro-a-mat"-ism. Quality of being oral. Knowl- 

ac'-ro-bat. A performer of gymnastic feats. Acting, 
Adept-Bungler, Strength-Weakness, Wag. 

Ac-rop'-o-lis. The citadel of an ancient Greek city. 

a-cross'. Over. Antagonism-Concurrence, Crossing. 

ac"-ro-te'-ri-um. An ornament of whatever nature 
forming the apex of a building. Architecture. 

a-cros'-tic. A composition. Letter, Wittiness- 

act. To perform. Acting, Action-Passive ness, 
Agency, Delineation-Caricature, Imitation- 
Originality, Precept; act a part, Acting, Mana- 
ger, Society-Affectation, Truthfulness-False- 
hood; act as president, President-Member; act 
one's part, Duty-Dereliction, Occupation; act the 
tyrant, Tyranny-Anarchy; act upon, Action-Pas- 
siveness, Agency, Motive-Caprice; act up to, 
Observance-Nonobservance; act well one's part, 
Virtue-Vice; act without authority, Rule-License; 
in the act, Action-Passiveness, Innocence-Guilt. 

act'-drop". A curtain. Acting. 

ac'-ted upon. Passive. Agency. 

act'-ing. Performing. Acting, Action-Passiveness, 
Occupation, Representative. 


Acting. The performance of a dramatic part. 
Dramaturgy, The art of composing and presenting a play. 

Histrionic art. The art of dramatic representation. 

Theatricals. Dramatic performances. 

The drama. Theatrical composition. 

The play. The performance of a dramatic composition. 

The stage. The place of dramatic performance; hence, the drama. 

The theater. The drama. 

Acting — Forms of Dramatic Representation, 

After-piece, a farce after a play; ballet [F.], a spectacular dance; 
burlesque, a dramatic travesty; burletta [It.], a comic opera; 
charade, an enigma represented dramatically; comidie drame [F.], 
a dramatic comedy; comidie larmoyante [F.], apathetic comedy; 
comedietta [It.], a short comedy; comedy, an amusing drama; 
divertissement [F.], an entr'acte; drama, a composition for the 
stage; drame [F.]; duologue, a dialogue; exode, the last part of a 
drama; extravaganza [It.], a drama wildly irregular; fantocinni 
[It.], dramatic representations with puppets as actors; farce, 
short extravagant comedy; five-act play, long play; harle- 
quinade, pantomime; interlude, comedy performed between the 
acts of moralities; lever de ridcau [F.], a curtain raiser; light 
comedy, low comedy, farcical comedy; masque, an allegorical 
play; melodrama, melodrame, a drama containing sensational 
incidents; miracle play, religious drama; monodrame, drama 
for single performer; monologue, a dramatic soliloquy; moral- 
ity, allegorical play; mystery, rude religious drama; opera, 
musical drama; op£ra bouffe [F.], farcical comic opera; pantomime, 
dumb show; piece, a play; play, dramatic composition; proverbe 
[F.], a short comedy with a proverb for its title; Punch and 
Judy, puppet show; sensation drama, sensational play; spectacle 
[F.], a play; stage play, play for stage; acting; tragedy, drama 
representing terrible emotions; tragi-comedy, a drama where 
comic and tragic scenes are mingled; trilogy, a group of three 
dramas; vaudeville, variety show. 

Acting — Xouns of Agent. 
Acrobat. One who practises gymnastic feats. 

Acting manager. The officiating manager of a dramatic company. 
Actor. One who takes a dramatic part. 
Amoroso [It.]. A lover in a drama. 
Artiste [F.]. A high-class actor. 
Ballet-girl. i 

■ One who dances in the ballet. 

Buffo [It.] A . . 

p«ff rtrt r, } A clown; a jester. 


CaH-boy. A boy who calls actors to the stage. 

Chorus singer. One who sings in a chorus. 

Clown. A jester in a theater or circus. 

Columbine. The mistress of Harlequin in pantomimes. 

Comedian. An actor or writer of comedy. 

Company. A number of players united for dramatic performances. 

Contortionist. One who twists and contorts his body for a show. 

Coryphee. A female premier dancer, leader of a ballet. 

Costumier [F], One who prepares costumes for the theaters. 

Danseuse. A female ballet-dancer. 

Debutant, m.; debutante, f. [F.]. A person who makes his cr her 

first public appearance. 

Dramatic author. The writer of a dramatic composition. 

Dramatic writer. One who writes concerning the drama. 

Dramatist. One who writes dramas. 

Entrepreneur [F.]. The proprietor of a dramatic entertainment. 

Farceur [F .]. A comic actor. 

Figurante [F .]. A ballet dancer. 

First tragedian. The leading tragic actor. 

General utility. An actor used for any part. 

Genteel comedian. An actor of refined comedy. 

Grimacier [F], One who makes grimaces or wry faces. 

Guisard.) /-, , i , 

_ . r One who plays in a masquerade. 

Gysart. A mummer. 

Harlequin. A fancifully dressed character in pantomime. 

Heavy father. An actor playing the part of a dignified father 

Impresario [It.]. One who manages an opera company. 

Inginue [F ]. An actress who fills the role of an artless character. 

Jack Pudding. A buffoon. 

Jeune premier [F.]. The leading young gentleman. 

Jeune veuve [F.]. Young widow. 

Light comedian. An actor of light comedy. 

Low comedian. An actor of low comedy. 

Machinist. One who attends to the machinery of the slage. 

Manager. One who conducts a dramatic company or theater. 

Masque. One who wears a masque; an actor. 

Mime or Mimer. An actor in a mimic play. 

Mimeographer. A writer of mimic plays. 

Mountebank. A charlatan. 



Mummer. A masked buffoon. 

Mute. One whose part in a play consists only of dumb show. 

Pantaloon. A ridiculous character in Italian comedy. 

Pantomimist. An actor in a dumb show. 

Performer. One who shows skill in dramatic art. 

Player. A dramatic actor. 

Playwright, play-writer. One who writes plays. 

Posture-master. A teacher or maker of arti ficial postures of the body. 

Prima donna [It.]. The leading female singer in an opera. 

Prompter. One who prompts the actors when they t" irget their lines. 

Property-man. One in charge of portable ai ticli ed in plays. 

Protagonist. Leading actor in Greek dramas. 

Pukinella, Pulcinello [It.], Punch, Punchinello. The hero in a 
puppet show. 

Soubrette. An actress who plays the part of a pert, mischiev <us 

Stage-carpenter. The man who dues the carpentry work for putting 
plays on the stae.c. 

Stage-manager. One who superintends the production and perform- 
ance of a play. 

Stage-player. An actor on a stage. 

Stager. An actor; ast;n'i hoi ie. 

Star. A brilliant and distinguished actor. 

Strolling-player. An itinerant actor. 

Super Supernumerary. A person employed in addition to the regu- 
lar number of actors, but who has no speaking part. 

Thespian. An actor. 

Tragedian. A tragic actor. 

Tragtdu i-iiiir [F J. A tragic actress. 

Tumbler. One who plays the tricks of an acrobat or contortionist. 

Walking gentleman. An actor filling parts requiring a gentlemanly 

Acting — Associated Nouns. 

Act. A part of a drama. 

Act-drop. The curtain drop at the end of an act. 

Buffoonery. The practises and art of a buffoon ; low drollery. 

Character. A part assumed in a play. 

Curtain. The movable screen in a theater concealing the stage. 

Dramatis persona [L.]. The characters of a drama. 

Drop-scene. A painted picture dropped in front of the sta :■ 

Epilogue. A speech or poem recited to the audience by an actor 

after a play. 
Flat The half of a scene. 
Flies. The galleries running along the side of a stage where the 

scene ropes are worked. 
Floats. A mechanical contrivance for elevating performers above 

the stage. 
Foot-lights. A row of lights in front of and level with the stage to 

light it up. 
Gag. An interpolation in his part introduced by an actor himself . 
Gesture. See Sign. 
Impersonation. See Delineation. 
Induction. The preface of a play. 

Introduction. The part of a play which precedes the main part. 
Jeu de theatre [F.]. A stage trick. 
Libretto [It.]. The words of an opera. 
Marionettes [F.]. Puppets moved by strings. 
Mezzanine floor. A stage. 
Mise en scene [P.]. The putting on the stage. 
Orchestra. The band which furnishes music for a theater. 
Part. Character assigned to an actor in a play. 
Performance. The exhibition of character on the stage. 
Prologue. The speech or poem spoken before the beginning of a dra- 
matic performance. 
Proscenium. The part in a theater from the drop-curtain to the 

Repertoire [P.]. A list of performances which a dramatic company 

can render- 
Representation. A dramatic performance. 
Role [F ] A character taken by an actor. 
Scene. A stage; the imaginary place wherein the action of a play 

Screen. A partition concealing the stage from the audience. 
Side-scene. A minor scene at the side of the stage. 
Stage. The raised platform on which a theatrical performance takes 

Stage- business. The calling of the stage, engaged in for a profession. 
Staging. Prepan. 3 a piece for stage presentation. 
Tableau. A pictur scene in which the players remain silent. 
Theatrical costume. Form of dress used in a theatrical performance. 
Theatrical properties. The requisite goods for the presentation of a 

Transformation scene. A gorgeous scene at the conclusion of the 

burlesque of a pantomime, in which the principal characters are 
supposedly transformed into the leading actors in the following 

Trap. A door in the floor of a stage. 

Wing. One of the sides of the stage, or a piece of scenery for the side. 

Acting — Nouns of Place. 

Amphitheater. A theater built around an open space, with rising 
tiers of seats. 

Auditorium. A building arranged for audiences. 

Auditory. A place for hearin,:. 

Balcony. The seating part of a theater first be! .v.- t In 

Boxes. Enclosed places in a theater furnished with seats. 

Circus. A place of amusement where feats of horsemanship and 
acrobatic tricks form the chief display. 

Coulisses [F.]. Spaces included between the side scenes on a 

Dress circle. Seating part of a theater back of the pat 

Front of the house. The forepart of the theater. 

Gallery. The t< "pm< >st seats in a theater. 

Green-room. A room near the stage to which the actors retire be- 
tween their parts. 

Hippodrome. An ancient raci dso applied to a modern 


Music-hall. A building devoted to musical entertainments. 

Opera-house. A theater is or musical dramas are ren- 


Parquet or Pit. Seating part of a theater on the floor nexl 

Playhouse. House devoted to the playing of dramas. 

Stalls or Fauteui Is. Theati 1 from the others. 

Theater. A building adapted to dramatic representations. 

Acting — Figurative Expressions 

Buskin. A high shoe worn by tragic actors ; hence, 

to express the tragic drama. 
Cothurnus [L ]. Buskin; heme, tragedy. 
Melpomene and Thalia. The Grecian muses of tragedy and comedy, 

figuratively used for tragic and comic drama. 
Roscius. R , an actor. 

Sock. A shoe worn by ancient comedians; hence, xised figuratively 

for comedy as distinguished from the buskin or tragedy. 
The boards. Figurative expression for the stage of a theater. 
Thespis. A leader of the early Greek drama. 

Act i n G — Verbs . 

Act. To carry out a dramatic part. 

Act a part, come out. To make a stage debut. 

Enact. To represent as in a play. 

Gag. To introduce a gag. See Associated Nouns. 

Go through a part, mimic. Se<- Imitate. 

Perform. To act out, as on a stage. 

Perform a part, personate. See Delineation. 

Play a part, put on the stage. 

Rant. To declaim boisterously. 

Rehearse. To practise a play. 

Spout. To utter or act ' 

Star it. To take the part of a star. See A ■ ■■■ xaU d NounsQ 

"Strut and fret one's hour upon a stage." From As You Like It 

wherein Shakespeare likens life to a pari played on a stage. 
Tread the boards, tread the stage. The profession of anai: 

Acting— ! 

Buskined. Wearing buskins, pertaining to tragedy. 

Comic. Provoking mirth. 

Dramatic. Pertaining to representation on the stage. 

Farcical. Belonging to a farce or burlesque. 

Histrionic. Pertaining to the stage. 

Melodramatic. Pertaining to a melodrama, a romantic play full of 

startling incidents. 
Operatic. Pertaining to the musical form of the drama. 
Scenic. Dramatic; theatrical. 
Stagey. Pertaining to the stage; theatrical. 
Theatric, theatrical. Of the nature of dramatic representation; 

befitting the stage. 
Tragic. Pertaining to tragedy. 
Tragi-comic. Partly tragic and partly comic. 

Acting — -Adverbial Phrases. 

Before the floats; before an audience; behind the scenes; en the 
boards; on the staee. 




act'-ing cor'-po-ral. A military officer. Chief-Un- 


ac-tin'-ic. Pertaining to radiation of light or heat. 

ac'-tin-ism. Chemical effect of light. Light-Dark- 

ac"-ti-nom'-e-ter. Instrument for measuring radiation. 
Optical Instruments. 

ac'-tion. Exertion of power. Action-Passiveness, 
Agency, Litigation, Strife-Peace; line of action, 
Conduct; put in action, Use-Disuse; suit the action 
to the word, Sign; thick of the action, Activity- 


Achievement. A successful action. 

Act. That which is done or doing. 

Action. Exertion of power or force in doing something 

Actor. One who acts, or takes part in any affair. See Agent. 

Agency. The faculty of exerting power. See Agency. 

Blow. A sudden or forcible act or effort. 

Bout, As much of an action as is performed at one time. 

Business. That which one has to do or should do. See Occupa- 

Coup d'etat [F.]. A violent measure of state in public affairs. 

Coup de main [F.]. A sudden effort. 

Dealings. Methods of business. 

Deed. That which is done or effected by a responsible agent. 

Doing. An action, good or bad. See Verbs. 

Doings. Behavior; conduct. 

Evolution. The prescribed movement of a body of troops, or a vessel 
or fleet. 

Execution. A carrying into effect or to completion. 

Exercise. Activity for the benefit or training of body or mind. 

Exercitation. Practise; use. 

Exploit. A deed of renown. 

Feat. An act displaying skill, endurance, or daring. 

Gest. A deed, or an action. 

Handicraft. The application of skill and expertness in working w ith 
the hands. 

Handiwork. Work done by the hands. 

Job. A piece of work done, or to be done, as a whole. 

Labor. Physical or mental action for some useful or desired end 
See Toil. 

Maneuver. A movement or change of position. 

Measure. A specific act or course. 

Move. An act in the carrying out of a plan. 

Movement. A series of actions tending toward some end. 

Operation. A mode of action. 

Overt act. An open or manifest act. 

Passage. The act of going from point to point. 

Performance. Anything done or completed. 

Perpetration. A doing; commonly used of doing something wrong. 

Praxis [Gr.]. Exercise or discipline for a specific purpose. 

Procedure. An act performed ; the manner of moving forward. See 

Proceeding. An act, or course of action. 

Step. A single action or proceeding regarded as leading to some- 

Stitch. Space passed over at any one time. 

Stroke. A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done. 

Stroke of policy. A masterly effort; a successful attempt. See De- 

Touch. *Any slight or delicate effort. 

Tout de force [F.]. A feat of strength or skill. See Pomp. 

Transaction. The doing or performing of any business. 

Work. Exertion of strength or faculties. 

Workoianship. The execution or manner of making anything. 

Action — Verbs. 

Achieve. To bring something difficult to a successful conclusion. 

Act. To produce movement or effect. 

Act a part in. To carry out or fulfil with others. 

Act upon. To take action. 

Be an actor. To be one who takes part in any work. See Agent. 

Be a participant in, be a party to. To have a part or share of. 

Bear a hand. To give aid. 

Be at work. To be using one's powers mentally or physically. 

Be in action. To put forth power. 

Carry into execution. To finish. See Completion. 

Commit. To perform. 

Do. To bring to accomplishment. 

Employ oneself. To have one's powers engaged. 

Enact. To carry out in action. 

Execute. To perform or accomplish something. 

Exercise. To employ actively in order to train or develop. 

Have a finger in the pie, have a hand in. To take part in some work. 

Abstinence from action. Voluntary forbearance from labor. 

Conservative policy. A settled method opposed to change. 

Dolce jar niente [It.]. Sweet idleness. 

Fabian policy. A course of action avoiding a decisive contest. 

Idle hours. Time not turned to appropriate use. 

Inaction. Idleness; rest. 

Inactivity. Want of energy. See Activity-Indolence. 

Inoccupation. Want of any work to engage the time and attention. 

Keglect. Failure to do or use anything. See Neglect, Careful- 

rion-interference. Not taking part in the business of another. 

Passiveness. Tendency to remain in a given state of motion or rest. 

Quiescence. State of repose. See Movement-Rest. 

Rest. Freedom from motion or labor. See Toil-Relaxation. 

Sinecure. Any office or position which involves little or no active 

Time hanging on one's hands. Time unemployed. 

Want of occupation. Without work or employment. 

Passiveness — Verbal Expressions. 

Abstain from doing; beguile the time; be inactive; bide one's time; 
cool one's heels; desist; destroy; do away with; do nothing; fill 
up the time; fold one's arms; fold one's hands; have nothing to 
do; keep oneself from doing; keep quiet; kick one's heels; laisstr 
aller |F.]. let alone; laisser jaire IF.], suffer to have its own way; 
leave alone; let alone; let be; let it have its way; let pass; let things 
take their course; let well alone; lie by; lie fallow; lie idle; lie in 
ordinary; lie in wait; lie on the shelf; lie to; lie upon one's oars; 
live and let live; not act; not attempt; not do; not lift a finger; 
not lift a foot; not lift a peg; not move; not stir; pass the time; 
pause; quieta -non movere [L.], to be at rest; refrain; relax; 
remit one's efforts; rest and be thankful; rest upon one's oars; 
slug; spare; stand aloof; stare super antiquas vias [L.], to remain 
unchanged; stop; take down; take time; take to pieces; talk 
against time; tide it over; undo; wait; waste time; while away the 
tedious hours; while away the time; whistle for want of thought. 

Passiveness — Adjectives. 

Visoeuvri [F.]. Unemployed; idle. 

Fallow. Untitled; neglected. 

Not doing, not done. See Verbs. 

Out of employ. Without work. 

Out of work. Idle. 

Passive. Not active, but acted upon. 

Undone. Not worked upon; neglected. 

Unemployed. Not engaged tu work. 

Unoccupied. Not working. 

Passiveness — Adverbs. 

At a stand. Unable to move. 
Les bras croises [F.]. With folded hands. 
Pour passer le temps [F.]. To pass away the time. 
Re infecta [L.]. The business being unfinished. 

With folded arms, with the hands behind one's back, with the hands 
in the pockets. Figurative expressions for idleness. 

Passiveness — Interjections. 

Hands off I so let it be! stop I 

Passiveness — Phrase. 
Cunctando restituit rem [L.]. He restored the state by delaying. 

ACTION — Verbs— Continued. 
Have in hand. To have in one's power or control. 
Ilave to do with. To make use of. 
Inflict. To cause or produce by striking. 
Labor. To strive to accomplish some purpose or work 
Lend a hand, lift a finger. To help, or give assistance. 

See Business. 

See Toil. 




ACTIOX— Verbs— Continued. 

Mix oneself up with. To take a part in when not wanted. See Med- 

Officiate. To act as an officer. 

Operate. To put in action and supervise the working of. 

Participate in. To have a part in. 

Perform. To bring to completion. 

Perform a part in. To do a part of a work. 

Perpetrate. To do or carry through. 

Play. Action without special aim or for amusen i 

Play a part in. To be one of many engaged in a work. 

Ply one's task. To work with steadiness. 

Practise. To perform repeatedly and systematically by way of 

Prosecute. To follow up with a view to attain or accomplish. 

Pull an oar. To give aid. 

Pursue a course. To endeavor persistently to attain or gain. 

Put in practise. To perform. 

Put oneself in motion. To begin to work. 

Run in a race. To lake part in a work. 

Shape one's course. To mark out one's actions. See Conduct. 

Stretch forth one's hand. To give aid or help to. 

Strike a blow. To be active in any occa ploying force. 

Take action. To begin to do something. 

Take a part in. To be engaged with others In any 

Take in hand. To attempt or undertake. See UNDERTAKING. 

Take steps. To busy oneself with. 

Transact. To carry through work. 

Work. To put forth effort for the attainment of an objen I . 

Action* — Adj< 

Acting. Doing. 

Doing. Carrying out in action. See Verbs. 

In action. At work. 

Flagrante delicto [L.]. (Taken) in the flagrant fault. 

Faire sans dire [P.]. Toad withou* talking. 

Fare* jac [L.]. Speak do. 

In harness. In active <! 

In operation. In effect. See Agency. 

Action — Adverbs, 

In the act, in the midst of, in the thick of, red-handed, while one's 
hand is in. 

Action — Phrases. 

apillata, post est occasxo calva [L.]. Opportunity, though 
she has hair in front, is bald behind. 

ac'-tion-a-ble. Affording cause f< t lawsuit Law- 

actions^ les belles, .cackles sont les plus < .. s [F.] 

(lc bel ac-si-on', ca-shS' son" 16 pliiz es-ti-mabl'). 
I'm .mtiful acts hidden arc the most worthy of praise. 

act'-ive. Agile. Activitv-Indolen*ce, Swiftness- 
Slowness, Vigor-Inertia ; active service, Fight- 
ing-Conciliation; active thought, IIeed-Disre- 
Gard; active voice, Verb. 

act'-ive-ly. Briskly. Acti vity-Ixdolence. 

ac-tiv'-i-ty. Exertion of energy. Activity-Indo- 
lence, Vigor-Inertia. 


Abandon. Careless and easy activity. 

Activity. The state of being active, nimble or bi 

Ado. Unnecessary activity. 

Agility. Activity in the movement of the limbs. 

Alacrity. A cheerful, joyful activity, or promptitude. 

Animation. Liveliness of the i 

Ardor. Eagerness of passion, great activity. 

Assiduity. Faithful careful activity. 

Assiduousness. Unremitted effort. See Adj 

Bother. Having annoying activity; annoyance. 

Briskness. Quick, sprightly activity. 

Bustle. A stimulated activity. 

Dabbling. Activity in a slight and careless way. 

Dash. Spirited movement. 

Despatch. Hasty, prompt execution; expedition 

Devotion. Zealous activity especially in religion. 



See Determina- 

See Persevering. 

Assiduous activity. 
See Despatch. 

Wearisome work; disgusting activity. See Toil. 
Anxious to do; excited by desire. 
Earnestness. A permanent desire in the pursuit of good. 
Emprcssemcnt [F .]. Eagerness, forwardness. 
Energy. Readiness for action. 

Exertion. Act of putting in motion, or mental activity. See Toil. 
ExDedition. Quickness in action. 
Fidget. Nervous movements. 
Fidgetiness. Quality of being fidgety. 
Flurry. Sudden activity, a nutter. See Hurry. 
Fuss. Unnecessary activity about small things. 
Haste. Quickness of movement. See Hurry. 
Industry. Earnest activity. 
Insomniutn [L.]. Sleeplessness; vigilance. 

Intentness. The quality of having the mind firmly fixed on one pur- 
Interference. Activity in taking part in the concerns of others. 
Intermeddling. Interfering improperly in the affairs of others. 
Interposition. A friendly mediation in the affairs of others. 
Intrigue. A seeking of an end by sinister ways. 
Life. Animation, spirit, vim. 

Liveliness. Continuous feeling of life and vigor. See Ad'> 
Nimbleness. The quality of being very active. 
Officiousness. Impertinently meddling in the affairs of others. 

Dawdling. Aimless, trifling action. See 1 

Drowsiness. Disposition to sleep or inactivity. See Adjectives. 

Dulness. Slowness of understanding; stupidity, tives. 

Heaviness. The quality of being heavy or depressed. 

Idleness. The state of being inactive. 

Inaction. (V acti I Passiveness. 

Inactivity. Want of a< I 

Indiligence. Want of diligence. 

Indolence. An indi i labor. 

Inertness. Absence of activity. See Vigor-Inertia. 

Languor. Condition in which there is no di ■exertion. 

Lentor. Slowm ;ss, delay. 

Lethargy. A state of inaction or dul 

Lull. (_'< ssation from activity. -ance-Discontinl-ance. 

Nodding. Lacking in care or diligence. See Verbs. 

Obstinacy. I e in one's own way. See Bigotry. 

Oscitancy. Act of gaping, sluggishness. 

Oscitation. See Oscitancy. 

Pandiculation. A stiffening of trunk and extremities, as in* sleep 
or fatigue. 

Pottering. Walking sluggishly; trifling. 

Procrastination. Habit of delaying. See Faj^unkss-Lateness. 

Quiescence. A state of repose, or inactivity. See Movement-Rest. 

Relaxation. Remission from active duty. See Cohesion-Loose- 

Remissness. Act of being careless in matters. See Adjectives. 

Rust. Any addition or change coming from degeneration. 

Rustiness. State of being rusty. 

Segnitude. 1 , , , 

Segnity. J S1,,wness - dulness. 

Sloth. Strong indisposition to inactivity 

Sluggishness. State of being inactive. See Swiftness-Slowness. 
Somnolence. Inclination to sleepiness. 

Stupor. Great inactivity of the senses. See Sensitiveness- 
Torpescence. State of becoming torpid. 
Torpidity. State of being torpid. 
Torpor. State in which power of exertion is lost. 

Indolence — Nouns of Agent. 
Afternoon farmer; dawdle; do-little; dormouse; droil; drone; dummy; 
]arniant [F,]; fruges consumers natus [LI born to consume fruits; 
idler; laggard; Unzarone [It.]; loafer; lotus eater; lounger; lub* 





Painstaking. Diligent and faithful in the performance of duty. 

Perfervidum ingenium [LJ. Very eager nature. 

Perseverance. Persistence in purpose. See Persistence. 

Pervigilium [L.]. A watching all night. 

Pottering. Being active to little purpose. 

Promptitude. Acting upon the moment. 

Punctuality. Done at a precise time. See Earliness. 

Quickness. Quality of being quick. See Adjectives. 

Racketing. An indulgence in boisterous pleasures. 

Restlessness. The quality of being eager for change. 

Sedulity. The quality of being persevering in effort. 

Sleeplessness. Insomnia ; vigilance . 

Smartness. Quickness in action or thought. 

Spirit. Energy; vivacity. 

Stir. Activity in anything; public excitement. 

Tampering with. Meddling with. 

Velocity. Rapid motion, celerity. See Swiftness. 

Vigilance. Watchfulness. See Carefulness. 

Vigour. Vital strength; natural force. See Vigor. 

Wakefulness. Constant activity. 

Zeal. Fervor in the pursuit of any object. 

Activity — Nouns of Agent. 

Blade; busy bee; busybody; devotee; enthusiast; housewife; inter- 
meddler; intriguer; meddler; new broom; pickthank; sharp 
fellow; zealot. 

Acti v i t y — Ph rases . 

Battle of life; busy hum of men; great doings; habits of business; 
many irons in the fire; no sinecure; plenty to do; press of business; 
thick of the action. 

Activity — Verbs. 

Agitate. Stir up greatly. 

Bestir. Arouse into action. 

Bustle. Be very active and noisy. 

Fuss Be active in small matters. 

Hasten. Move swiftly. 

Interfere. Meddle in the concerns of others. 

Intermeddle. Be active in the affairs of others. 

Interpose. Place oneself between persons at variance 

Intrigue. Effect a purpose by stratagem. 

Meddle. Interfere. 

Moil. Labor hard. 

Obtrude . Thrust in without permission . 

Outdo. Excel. 

Overact. Act too well. 

Overdo. Do too well. 

Overlay Cover completely. 

Persist. Continue with determination in any course. See Deter- 

Plod. Keep at a thing. 

Push. Press onward. 

Rise. Get up. 

Speed. Cause to move with haste. 

Stir. Move. 

Toil. Labor. See Toil. 

Activity — Verbal Phrases. 

Arouse oneself; be about; be active; be busy; bestir oneself; busy 
oneself in; dash off; do one's best; do wonders; elbow one's way; 
fight one's way; get up early; go ahead; go all lengths; have a 
finger in the pie; have a hand in; have all one's eyes about one; 
have much on one's hands; have one's fling; have one's hands full; 
have other fish to fry; have other things to do; improve the shining 
hour; keep moving; keep the pot boiling; keep up the ball; kick 
up a dust; kill two birds with one stone; lay about one; look 
sharp; lose no time; make a fuss; make a push; make a stir; 
make haste; make progress (see Advance); make short work of; 
make the most; make the most of one's time; mix oneself up with; 
not have a moment that one can call his own; not have a moment 
to spare; not lose a moment; not suffer the grass to grow under 
one's feet; overshoot the mark; peg away; poke one's nose in; 
push forward; put in one's oar; raise a dust; rouse oneself; run 
riot; run the round of; seize the opportunity (see Opportune- 
ness); steal a march; stick at nothing; stir about; stir one's 
stumps; take an active part; take pains; tamper with; thrust 
one's nose in; trouble one's head about; work wonders. 
Activity — Adjectives. 

Active. Having activity, quick in movement. 

Afoot. On foot. 

Agile. Having power of quick movement of body. 

Agoing. In movement. 

Alert. Active in watchfulness. 

Alive. In a state of operation or activity. 

bard; lubber; marmot; mopus; opium eater; sleeping partner; 
slow coach; slug; sluggard; slumberer; truant (see Evasion) ; waiter 
on Providence. 

Indolence — Cause 

Lullaby. A song that causes sleep or rest. 

Sedative. A medicine that allays pain and gives rest. See 

Torpedo. A numbfish. 

Indolence — Accompaniment . 
Balmy sleep; coma; doze; dream; dull work; ecsiasis [L. ], trance; 

forty winks; heavy eyelids; heavy sleep; hibernation, wintering 

in a secluded place and torpid state; nap; siesta; sleep; slumber; 

snooze; snore; sound sleep; trance; wink of sleep. 

Indolence — Associated Nouns. 

Hypnology. Science of sleep. 

Hypnotism. Art of producing sleep by artificial means, of producing 

a suspension of activity. 
Indolence, Castle of. Figurative expression for a place to take one's 

ease; a poem by Thomson. 
Morpheus. The god of dreams. 

Indolencl; — \~crbs. 

Dabble. Play in water; trifle. 

Dawdle. Trifle away time. 

Dilly-dally. Take matters easily. 

Doze. Sleep lightly. 

Drawl. Speak with a slow, lazy utterance. 

Dream. Let the mind wander. 

Droil. Work slowly. 

Drowse. Be inclined to sleep. 

Faddle. Trifle. 

Fiddle-faddle. Talk foolishly. 

Flag. Stop by a flag. 

Fribble. Walk with tottering step; fritter. 

Hibernate. Go into a comatose state during winter* 

Lag. Move slowly. 

Languish. Be dull and inactive. 

Loaf. Spend time idly. 

Loiter. Delay, or linger behind. 

Loll. Lie at ease; act lazily. 

Lounge. Lie about carelessly. 

Mitigate. Make less severe; alleviate. 

Nap. Take a short sleep. 

Nod. Incline the head. 

Oversleep. Sleep too long. 

Peddle. Carry goods for sale from house to house; do an insignifi- 
cant business. 

Piddle. Occupy oneself with trifles. 

Potter. Work without spirit. 

Putter. Trifle. 

Relax. Render languid. 

Slouch. Move awkwardly. 

Sluggardize. Make a sluggard. 

Slumber. Sleep. 

Snooze. Sleep for short time. 

Snore. Make a rough noise during sleep. 

Vegetate. Live an idle life. 

Yawn. Open the mouth; gape. 

Indolence — Verbal Phrases. 

Be asleep; be inactive; burn daylight; close the eyes; consume time; 
do nothing (see Action-Passiveness); drop asleep; drop off; eat 
the bread of idleness; expend itself; fall asleep; fritter away time; 
get sleepy; go off to sleep; go to bed; go to sleep; hang back; 
hang fire; idle away time; kill time; lead an easy life; let the 
grass grow under one's feet; loll in the lap of indolence; loll in the 
lap of luxury; lose time; move slowly (see Swiftness-Slowness) ; 
render idle (see Adjectives); seal up the eyelids; seal up the eyes; 
settle off to sleep; sleep at one's post; sleep heavily; sleep like a 
dormouse; sleep like a log; sleep like a top; sleep soundly; spend 
time; spend time in; swim in the stream; take a nap (see Nouns)', 
take it easy; take one's time; take things as they come; take time 
in; trifle away time; turnin; waste time; waste the precious hours; 
weigh down the eyelids. 

Indolence — Adjectives. 

Asleep. In sleep. 

Balmy. Soft, soothing. 

Comatose. In the state of coma. 

Dead asleep. In a deep sleep. 

Dilatory. Delaying, lingering. 

Dormant. Inactive. 





ACTIVITY — Adjectives — Continued. 

Alive and frisking. Alive and active. 

Animated. Full of vital activity. 

Assiduous. Unremitting in activity or effort. 

Astir. On the move. 

At call. Liable to be required at any time. 

At work, awake. Come out of sleep, vigilant. 

Brisk. Having life, vivacity, or spirit. 

Brisk as a bee. Active, 

Brisk as a lark. V< ry brisk. 

Broad awake. Fully awake. 

Business-like. Requiring attention and assiduity. 

Bustling. Excitedly stirring about. 

Busy. Active at anything. 

Busy as a hen with one chicken. \ 

Busy as a bee. > Continuous in application and effort. 

Diligent. J 

Eager. Keenly desirous to obtain or perform something. 

Enterprising. Having boldness and ability in business. 

Eventful. Full of important events, hence full of life and activity. 

Expeditious. Accomplished with speed. 

Fast. Moving rapidly, quick. See Swiftness. 

Forward. Eager to presumptuousness. 

Frisky. Inclined to playful activity. 

Full of business, hard-working, hard at it, hard at work. Vigorously 

working. See Toil. 
Fussy. Taking active interest in trivial things. 

Indefatigable. Incapable of being exhausted. See Determination. 
Industrious. Working with diligence. 
In earnest, in harness. At work. 
In full swing. In active operation. 

Intent. Having the mind directed to an object. See Heed, 
Intrigant [F-], Meddling. 
Light-footed. Quick on the feet. 
Lively. Full of vivacity and animation. 
Meddlesome. Given to meddling 
Meddling. Participating without permission in the concerns of 

others. See Verbs. 
Never tired. Never experiencing fatigue. 
Nimble. Active in body. 

Nimble as a squirrel, nimble-footed. Quick-footed. 
Notable. Worthy of observation. 
Occupied. Employed in an exclusive manner. 
Officious. Unduly participating in others' concerns. 
On duty, on foot, on one*s legs. Ready. 
On the alert. See Carefulness. 
Overofficious. Too officious. 
Painstaking. Diligent and careful in labor. 
Plodding. Laboriously toiling. 
Pottering. Working unspiritedly. 
Pushing. To ad% r ance with energy. 

Qukk'as a lamplighter.) Characterized by life or speed. 

Resolute. Hainvg a steadfast purpose. See Determination. 

Restless. 1 XT ^. , 

Restless as a hyena./ Never restlng - eager £or vanety 

Sedulous. Constant and persevering in effort. 

Sharp. Keen and eager; active. 

Smart. Quick in thought or action. 

Spirited. Having spirit or vim. 

Spry. Inclined to quick movement; nimble 

Stirring. Moving vigorously. 

Strenuous. Zealous in anything; ardently eager. 

Tripping. Moving lightly and nimbly. 

Unsleeping. Not sleeping. 

Unwearied. Not wearied or fatigued. 

Up and doing, up and stirring. Active and brisk. 

Up to one's ears in. Deeply engrossed in. 

Vivacious. Full of life and activity. 

Wide awake. Perfectly awake. See Sagacity. 

Work a day. A week day. 

Working. Toiling. 

Zealous. Earnest in a cause. 


— Adverbs* 
See Adjectives. 

INDOLENCE— Adjectives— Continued. 

Dozy. Inclined to doze. 

Dreamy. In a state of reverie. 

Dronish. Like a drone; doing nothing. 

Drony. Like a drone. 

Drowsy. Disposed to sleep. 

Dull. Not sharp, not animated. 

Exanimate. Nut animated. 

Fast asleep. In a state of slumber. 

Fiddle faddle. Bustling about trifles. 

Flagging. Bringing to a stop by waving a flag. 

Heavy. Dull, iua< I 

Heavy with sleep. Overcome by sleep. 

Hypnotic. Pertaining to hypnotism. 

Idle. Not active. 

Inactive. Wanting activity. 

In a sound sleep. Completely asleep. 

Indolent. Lazy by habit. 

Inert. Devoid of the power of moving. 

In the arms of Morpheus. ) . , 

In the lap of Morpheus. > Aslee P- 

Lackadaisical. Languid and half-hearted. 

Laggard. Falling behind. 

Lagging. Inclined to move slowly. See Verbs. 

Languid. Becoming spiritless. 

Lazy. Indisposed to work. 

Lazy as Ludlam's dog. 

Leaden. Like lead, heavy, dull. 

Lethargical, i B " U,y ' '" a klhar Syora drowse. 
Listless. Without w tive interest. 
Lumpish. Like a lump, inert. 
Lusk. Lazy. 

Maudlin. Weak and foolish; weeping drunk. [St. Magdalen.] 
Motionless. Without motion. See Movement-Rest. 
Napping. Inclined l>> take short sleeps. 
Pottering. Moving without spirit. See Verbs. 
Remiss. Careless in performance of duty. 
Rusty. Affected with rust, impaired by inactivity. 
Sedative. Soothing in effects. See Turbulence-Calmness. 
Shilly shally. In an irresolute manner. See Determination- 
Slack. Relaxed and careless in activity. 
Sleepful. Full of sleep. 
Sleeping. See Verbs. 
Sleepy. Inclined to sleep. 
Slothful. Inclined to indolence. 

Slow. Having little speed. See Swiftness-Slowness. 
Sluggish. Inclined not to move, lazy. 
Somniferous. Bringing sleep. 
Somnific. Causing sleep. 
Somnolent. Inclined to sleep. 
Soporiferous. Tending to cause sleep. 
Soporific. Producing sleep. 
Soporous. Causing sleep. 
Sound as a top. Asleep. 

Sound asleep. Completely overcome by sleep. 
Soulless. Without a soul, spiritless. 
Supine. Lying on the back, careless, indolent. 
Torpescent. Becoming torpid. 
Torpid. In a comatose state. 
Unawakened. Not roused from sleep, not active. 
Unbusied. Not occupied at anything. 

Unoccupied. Not possessing time of. See Action-Passiveness. 
Unwaked. Not stirred from sleep. 

Indolence — Adverbs. 
At leisure. See Hurry-Leisurb. 
Inactively- See Adjectives, 

Indolence — Phrase. 
The eyes begin to draw straws. 

Actively. In an active manner. 

Featly. Nimbly and dexterously 

Fidgety. Nervously active. 

Full tilt. With full force. 

In mediis rebus [L.]. In the midst of affairs, 

With haste. With speed. See Hurry. 

ACTIVITY— Continued. 
Activity — Adverbs. 
With life and spirit, with might and main. See Toil. 
With wings. 

Activity — Interjections. 
Age quod agisf [L.J. Beware what you dol 

Be alive! be sharp! go ahead 1 keep moving! look alive! look sharp! 
move on! push on! stir your stumps! 




ACTIVITY— Phrases— Continued. 

Abends wird der Faule fkissig [G.]. In the evening the lazy ran Nee mora nee requies [L.]. Neither delay nor rest. [Virgil, Gcorgics, 

becomes diligent. iii, no.] 

Carpe diem [L.j. Seize your opportunity. See Opportuneness. No sooner said than done. See Earliness. 

Catch a weasel asleep. Nulla dies sine linca [L.]. Not a day without a line. [Pliny, Nat. 

Dictum ac factum [L.]. No sooner said than done. [Terence, Andrea, Hist. 35.] 

2,3, 7 ] The plot thickens. Matters become interesting. 

"Veni,vidi t vici [L.]. I came, saw, conquered. [Suetonius, Caesar, 37.] 

act'-or. One who performs or plays a part. Acting, 
Action-Passiveness, Agent, Gull-Deceiver, So- 

acts. Records; deeds. Mark-Obliteration, Reve- 

ac'-tu-al. Real. Entity-Nonentity, Sameness-Con- 
trast, Time. 

ac'-tu-al-ism. The doctrine that all existence is active. 

ac"-tu-al'-ity. Realism. Entity-Nonentity. 

ac'-tu-al-ly. In reality. Entity-Nonentity, Truth- 

ac'-tu-a-ry. A clerk. Accounts. 

ac'-tu-ate. To move to action. Motive-Caprice. 

actum est [L.] (ac'-tum est). It is done. Comple- 

actum ne agas [L] (ac'-tum. ni e'-gas). Do not do 
what is done. Usefulness-Uselessness. 

actus me invito jactus, non est mens actus [L.] (ac'-tus 
mi in-vai-to fac'-tus, non est mi'-us ac'-tus). An act 
I do against my will is not my act. Volition-Obli- 

a-cu'-i-ty. Sharpness. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

a-cu'-le-ate. Prickly. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

a-cu'-le-a"-ted. Made sharp. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

a-cu'-men. Mental quickness. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

a-cu'-mi-na"-ted. Pointed. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

a-cu"-mi-na'-tion. Act of sharpening. Sharpness- 

a-cu'-mi-nous. Possessing keenness of intellect. Sa- 

ac"-u-punc'-ture. Pricking with a needle. Aperture- 

a-cute'. Keen. Craft-Artlessness, Emotion, Feel- 
ing - Insensibility, Pleasurableness - Painful- 
ness, Sagacity-Incapacity, Sharpness-Blunt- 
ness, Turbulence-Calmness, Vigor-Inertia; 
acute angle, Angularity; acute ear, Hearing-Deaf- 
ness; acute note, Cacophany. 

a-cute'-ly. In an acute degree. Magnitude-Small- 

a-cute'-ness. Discernment. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

acu tetigisti rem [L.] (tj'-kiu tet-i-jis'-tai rem). You 
have touched it with a needle. Differentiation- 
Indiscrimination, Truth-Error. 

A. D. Abbreviation for Anno Domini. Duration- 

a-da'-ga. An Asiatic parrying weapon. Weapon. 

ad'-age. Well-known saying. Adage-Nonsense. 

ad astra per aspcra [L.] (ad as'-tra per as'-per-ra). To 
the stars through difficulties. Difficulty-Facility. 

ad captandum [L.] (ad cap-tan'-dum). Big sounding. 
Society- Affectation. 

ad hominem [L.] (ad hom'-i-nem). To the man. Uni- 

ad infinitum [L.] (ad in-ii-nai'-tum). Indefinite. In- 

ad instar [L.] (ad in'-star). After the fashion. Con- 
vention ality-Unconventionality. 

ad interim [L.] (ad in'-ter-im). Meanwhile. Dura- 

adrem [L.] (ad rem). Tothepoint. Harmony-Discord. 


Adage. A brief saying that has obtained credit or force by long 

Aphorism. A brief statement of speculative or scientific truth. 

Apophthegm. ) A terse, instructive saying regarding practical mat- 
Apothegm. / ters. 

Axiom. Any proposition that men universally accept as true. 

By-word. A phrase or sentence that has become an object of deri- 
sion or mockery. 

Conclusion. Sec Decision. 

Dictum. A statement of some person or school, on whom it il< ;>cnds 
for authority. 

Formula. A fixed form of words used as a guide for thought or 
action . 

Maxim. A brief statement of some practical principle or proposition. 

Moral. The lesson taught by a fable or the like. 

Mot [F.]. A witty saying. 

Motto. An expressive word or pithy saying expressing some guiding 

Phylactery. A strip of parchment inscribed with passages of Scrip- 
ture setting forth guides to right living. 

Principia [L.]. Principles. 

Principle. A rule for action. 

Protasis [Gr.]. A short introduction or an exposition of the subject. 

Proverb. A brief saying condensing in witty or striking £< 
wisdom of experience. 

Reflection. See Conception. 

Saw. A saying that is old, but worn and tiresome. 

Saying. A statement 1 urn nt among common people, deriving its 
authority from its manifest truth or good sense. 

Scholium. A remark or observation joined to a demonstrati 

Sentence. A short saying usually containing moral instruction. 

Theorem. A propi >sil ion 1 hat is demonstrably true. 

Truism. A self-evident or unquestionable statement. 

Word. Any brief remark or phrase of no particular significance. 

Absurdity. \ Anything which is contrary to the first principles of 

Absurdness. ) reasoning. See Adjectives. 

Alogy. Unreasonableness of behavior. 

Amphigouri [F.]. Idle or foolish talk. 

Anticlimax. Any speech which produces a ridiculous effect. 

Bathos. Descent in speaking which is ridiculous. 

Blunder. Mistake or error resulting from carelessness. 

Boutade [F.]. Any action or saying destitute of ordinary good 

Bull. A verbal blunder, containing a laughable incongruity of ideas. 
Escapade. Any act which breaks the rules of propriety. 
Exaggeration. See Gull-Hyperbole. 
Extravagance. Vain use of words. 
Farce. Empty show of words. 
Farrago. See Regularity-Irregularity. 
Fustian. Bombast or use of high-sounding words. 
Galimathias [F.]. Speech that is so rapid, confused, or disguised as 

to be unintelligible. 
Hibernicism. An Irish idiom or peculiarity of sp< 
Imbecility. Foolishness growing out of mental feebleness. See 

Inconsistency. Self-contradiction. 
Irishism. S.c Hibernici; i 
Jargon. Confused or unintelligil 
Macaronic. Jumbled sp< 
Monkey trick. A mischievous prank. 
Moonshine. Speech without reality. 
Muddle. Confusion of speech. 
Mummery. Buffi >onery. 

Nonsense. An act worthy only b 1 be laughed at. 
Paradox. Anything whii ia adictory, yet may be true. 

Pun. A play on words. 

Rhapsody. A disi onnei ted serie of sentences. 
Romance. Imaginativi ind. 

Sciomachy. An imaginary 1 ombat with words. 




ADAGE— NONSENSE— Continued. 

Adage — Associate P '•■• i ■ 

Admitted maxim; common saying; commonplace saying; golden 
rule (see Precept); hackneyed saying; profession of faith (see 
Faith)', received maxim; sage maxim; trite saying; true saying: 
wise maxim. 

Adage — A djcctivcs. 

Aphoristic. Containing short, pithy statements. 

Axiomatic. Self-evident. 

Phylacteric. Pertaining to phylacteries. 

Proverbial. Well known. 

Adage — Phrases. 
As the saying is; as they say. 

NONSENSE — Adjectives — Continued from Column 2. 

Senseless. Meaningless. 
Sophistical. False. 
Unmeaning. Unintelligible. 

Fiddle-de-dee 1 

NON 1 
Phol Pish! 


Nonsense— Phi 

Crvdat Judaus Apella [L.]. Let Apella, the superstitious Jew, 

believe it. [Horace, Satires, I, v, 100. J 
In the name of the Prophet — figs! [Horace Smith, Johnson's 
Tell it to the marines. 
Without rhyme or reason. 

Sell. A deceitful 5] 

Slip-slop. A weak discourse. 


Stuff. Trashy language. 

Stultiloquence. I Ta]k fchat - contrary lo practical good sense. 

Stultiloquy. ) 

Tomfoolery. Trifling talk. 

Twaddle. Silly talk. 

Vagary. A wandering of thoughts or speech. 

Verbal quibble. A dispute about trifles. 

Nonsense — Verbs. 

Anemolia bazein [Gr.]. Total: ind. 

To beaf about the bush; to speak wildly 
Be absurd. To be unreasonable. 

Parier a tort et a trovers [F.]. To speak disconnectedly. 
Play the fool. To act contrary t< i good common sense. 
Talk nonsense. To utter words without any sense or meaning. 

ense — Adjectives. 
Absurd. Contrary to good reasoning. 
Egregious. ( :■ usually in a bad sense. 

Extravagant. Immoderate. 
Foolish. Wanting in judgment. 
Inconsistent. Self-contradict 
Macaronic. Jumbled. 
Nonsensical. Of no importance. 
Preposterous. In- 
Punning. Using ft word in two senses. 
Quibbling. Evading the point and speaking trifles. 
Ridiculous. Laughable and comical. 

{Continued on Column 1 .) 

a-da-gio. Slow. Music, Swiftness-Slowness. 

Ad'-am. The first man. Virtue-Vice. 

ad'-a-mant. A hard mineral. Hardness-Softness, 

ad"-a-man-te'-an. Very hard. Hardness-Softness. 

ad"-a-man'-tine . I mpenet ral >ly hard . 1 1 ardness- 
Softness, Strength-Weakness. 

ad"-a-man-tine'-ness. Slate of being hard. Hard- 

a-dapt'. To adjust. Equality-Inequality, Harmony- 
Discord; adapt oneself to, Conventionality-TJn- 


a-dapt'-a-ble. Capable of being adapted. Useful- 

ad"-ap-ta'-tion. Act of being adaj >ted. H a rmony- 

a-dapt'-ed. Suited. Harmony-Discord. 

add. To join together. Addition-Subtraction. In- 
crease-Decrease, Number. 

add'-ed. Joined to. Addition-Subtraction. 

ad-den'-dum. An addition. Addition-Subtraction, 
Increment-Remn a n t . 

adde parvum parvo, magnus acervus erit [L.] (ad'-dl 
par'-vum par'-vo, mag'-nus a-ser'-vus i'-rit). Add a 
little to little, a great pile will be. Addition. 

ad'-der. A viper. Benefactor-Evildoer. 

ad-dict'. To give oneself up to. Habit-Desuetude. 

ad-dict'-ed. Devoted to. Habit-Desuetude. 

ad-dic'-tion. Bent. Habit- Desuetude. 

ad-dit'-a-ment. A thing added. Addition-Subtrac- 
tion, Increment-Remna n t . 

ad-di'-tion. Act of uniting. Addition-Subtraction, 


Accession. An addition; augmentation. 

Accompaniment. Anything that attends or goes with. 

Addendum. Something to be added. 

Additament. A thing added. 

Addition. Act of giving an increase to something. 

Adjection. The addition. 

Annexation. The act of connecting; union. 

Increase. An addition. 

Increment. That which is added. 

Insertion. Act of putting in or together. 

Interposition. Act of interceding or coming together. £ 


Junction. Union of two or more things. 
Reinforcement. An increase of strength. 
Superaddition. An addition to an addition. 
Superfetation. An unusual additional growth. 
Superjunction. Act of joining or adding to. 
Superposition. The laying of « n another. 

Supplement. An addition that remedi S a defect, or makes com- 

Addii 1 

Accrue. To accumulate naturally. 

Add. To give an increase to. 

Advene. To come in addition; to be added. 

Affix. To fasten or join to. 

Ablation. A taking away. 

Abrasion. A wearing a 

Abscission. A cutting a 

Abstraction. A withdrawal; removal; absent-n 

Amputation. The cutting off of a part. 

Curtailment. Lessening; reduction. See Length-Short*?] 

Decrease. A bei 1 Liminution. See Increase-Deckeasb. 

Deduction. A drawing away from. 

Detruncation. A ci a lopping. 

Garbling. Act of 1 

Minuend. Then; which another is to be taken. 

Mutilation. Deprivation of an essential ; 

Recision. The c 

Removal. M 

Retrenchment. A cutting down; curtailment. 

Subduction. Taki whole; a subtraction. 

Sublation. A 

Subtraction. tcting*. deduction. 

Subtrahend. That which is subtracted. 

Subtraction — Verbs. 

Abrade. To rub away ; w ear off. 

Abscind. To sever. 

Amputate. To cut off a part; maim. 

Bate. To lessen. 





Annex. To join to; bind; unite. 

Append. To hang to; add as supplemental. 

Augment. To increase in size; enlarge; add. 

Become added. To come into a state of addition. 

Clap on. To quickly put in addition. 

Ingraft. To insert as a part of; incorporate. 

Insert. To put in as supplementary or remedial. 

Introduce. To bring or put in. See Environment-Interposition. 

Reinforce. To give an addition of force and strength. 

Saddle on. To fix a load upon; encumber with an addition. 

Saddle with. See Saddle on. 

Sprinkle. To add to by scattering over. 

Subjoin. To add at the end. 

Superadd. Add to an addition. 

Superpose. To put over another. 

Supervene. To come as additional. 

Swell the ranks of. To add to by recruits 

Tack to. To add by affixing slightly. 

Tag. To join closely. 

Addition — Adjectives. 

Accessory. Additional. 

Added. Brought together to make a whole. See Verbs. 

Additional. Supplemental; in the way of an addition. 

Additive. Allowing to be added. 

Adjectitious. Added to. 

Adscititious. 1 c . , , 

* ■ i ; i - ("Supplemental. 

Ascihtious. J 

Extra. Beyond what is due. 

Subjunctive. Joined at the end. 

Supplement. Supplying a deficiency. 

Supplemental. Added to supply a defect. 

Supplementary. Serving as a supplement. 

Suppletory. Supplying deficiencies. 

Addition — Particles. 

Along with; also; and; and also; and else; and so forth; and so on; 
as well as; besides; conjointly; coupled; else; extra; further; 
furthermore; in addition; in conjunction with; including; inclusive; 
into the bargain; item; jointly; likewise; more; moreover; over 
and above; plus; to boot; together with; too; with; withaL 

Addition — Phrases. 

Adds parvum parvo, magnus acervus erit [L.]. Add a little to little, 
a great pile will be. 

Castrate. To cut out; remove anything. 

Curtail. To cut off from; lessen. 

Decimate. To destroy the tenth one ; kill many. 

Deduce. To draw off as a conclusion; infer. 

Deduct. To take away; subtract. 

Detract. To lessen in value; derogate. 

Detruncate. To lop off a part. 

Diminish. To lessen; abridge. See Increase-Decrease. 

Eliminate. To take away entirely. 

Excise. To cut out; remove. 

File. To wear away with a file. 

Garble. To select certain parts; mutilate. 

Geld. To castrate. 

Mutilate. To remove a part; maim. 

Pare. To lessen by peeling. 

Prune. To diminish by cutting away a little. 

Remove, To take away; go away. 

Retrench. To limit. 

Scrape. To remove with a rough instrument. 

Subduct. To remove. 

Subtract. To take from. 

Thin. To diminish gradually and become thin. 

Withdraw. To draw apart; separate. 

Subtraction — Verbal Phrases. 
Cut away; cut off; cut out; deprive of; take away; take from 

Subtraction — Adjectives. 

Subtracted. Taken away from. See Verbs. 
Subtractive. Having power to subtract. 

Subtraction — Particles. 

Except; excepting; exclusive of; in deduction; less; minus; save- 
save and except; short of; with a reservation; without; with the 

ADDITION— Phrases— Continued. 

Att reste [F.]. As for the rest; besides. 

Cum multis aliis [L.]. With many other things. 

Etcetera [L.]. And other things. 

ad-di'-tion-al. Supplementary. Addition-Subtrac- 
tion, Increment-Remnant. •: 

ad'-di-tive. That which may be added. Addition- 

ad'-dle. Spoiled. Completion -Noncompletion, 

Fertility-Sterility, Success-Failure; addle the 
wits, Saneness-Lunacy. 

ad'-dle-head". A stupid person. Sage-Fool. 

ad'-dle-head"-ed. Dull-witted. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

ad'-dle-pate". A dunce. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

ad-dress'. To direct spoken words to. Address- 
Response, Petition-Expostulation, Sign, Skill- 
Unskilfulness; address card, Sign. 


Address. A speaking to. 

Allocution. A formal address. 

Alloquy. A speaking to another. 

Apostrophe. A sudden breaking out in address. 

Appeal. An address to the feelings. 

Audience. An interview generally public. See Conversation 

Dialogism. A feigned conversation. 

Interpellation. A questioning. 

Invocation. An address to a superior being. 

Salutation. An address of welcome. 

Speech. A formal talk. See Speech. 

Word in the ear. A word in private. 

Address — Nouns of Place. 

Auditory. An auditorium. 

Platform. A place where addresses are made. 

Response. See Investigation-Answer. 

Address — Verbs. 

Accost. To address first. 
Address. To speak to. 

ADDRESS— Verbs— Continued. 

Apostrophize. To appeal suddenly. 

Halloo. To shout loudly. 

Hail. To address; call after. 

Invoke. To call on a superior being. 

Lecture. To address in a formal manner. See Speech 

Salute. To make an address of welcome. 

Address — Verbal Phrases. 

Appeal to; call to; make up to; speak to; take aside; take by the 
button; talk to in private. 

Address — Interjections. 
Halloo! hey I hist! sohol 




ad-dress'-es. Devoted attention. Blandishment. 
ad-duce'. To bring forward. Attraction-Repul- 

ad-du'-cent. Drawing together. Attraction-Repul- 

ad-duc'-tion. The act of adducing. Attraction- 

ad-duct'-ive. Adducing. Attraction-Repulsion. 

a-deem'. To take away. Taking-Restitution. 

a-demp'-tion. Satisfaction of a legacy. Taking- 

ad"-en-og'-ra-phy. A treatise on the glands. Tex- 

ad"-en-ol'-o-gy. A bra E anatomy. Texture. 

a-dept'. One fully skilled in any art. Adept- 


Acrobat. One skilled in gymnastics. 

Adept. One especially skilled in anything 

Admirable Crichton. A Scotchman remarkable for his 

Chef de cuisine [F-l- A head cook. 
Clean hand. One who does work skilfully and neatly. 
Conjurer. A sleight of hand performer. Sec Gull-Dbcbiver. 
Connoisseur [F.]. A critical judge. SeeScHOLAK. 
Crack shot. An especially skilful shooter; hence, one slviMrd in 

Cracksman. One especially proficient in anything; burglar. 
Cunning blade. An expert swordsman; hence, an expert in any- 
Cunning fellow. 1 Qne ; a]1 skl]fuI . 

Cunning man. J 
Dab. A skilful person. 
Dead shot. A shooter whose shot always causes death . h rue, an 

accurate person. 
Experienced eye. A trained eye; a trained person. 
Experienced hand. One who has attained skill in anything \ 

Expert. One having skill and dexterity either from - 

First fiddle. The most skilful worker or leader of a body of men. 
Funambulist. A rope-walker. 
Genius. One capable of original work. 
Good hand. A skilful worker. 
Good shot. A sure shooter. 

Jack of all trades. One who is fitted for different kinds of work. 
Jobber. A middle man; an intriguer. 

Man of business. One who goes about his work without trifling. 
Man of the world. One versed in the tricks and practises of men 
Marksman. An expert shot. 

Master. A person thoroughly competent in his work. 
Master hand. An expert workman. 
Master head.^ 

Master mind. -The leader of men. 
Master spirit. ) 

Medallist. One who has been rewarded for special skill in his work. 
Nice hand. One who does his work neatly and accurately. 
Old campaigner. An experienced worker. 
Old file. A shrewd, deep, or artful person. 
Old hand. , 

Old soldier. -A worker of large experience. 
Old stager. ' 
Pantologist. An expert whose knowledge coi prebends summarily 

all departments of human knowledge.' 
Picked man. One chosen for his special skill. 
Politician. A crafty or artful person. 
Practised eye I A erienced worker . 

Practised hand. > 

Prima donna [It.]. The leading lady. 
Prize man. One who is rewarded for his work. 

Prodigy of learning. A person whose knowledge is unusually wide. 
Proficient. One who has attained great skill in any art. 
Protagonist. The leading actor in the Greek drama. 
Rope dancer. An expert rope-walker. 
Sharp blade. } A h d ful n 

Sharp fellow.) 

Awkward squad. I • '■ :.<■■. 

Bad hand. Weak, unskilful tool. 

Bad shot. An awkward person. 

Blanc-bcc [F.]. A greenhorn. 

Blunderer. One who blunders or acts clun 

Blunderhead. A stupid fellow. 

Botcher. One who makes a botch. 

Bungler. An awkward fellow. 

Butter-fingers. One who awkwardly drops I hold. 

Clod. A dull fellow. 

Duffer. An awkward, worthless person. 

Flat. A dunce; a dull fellow. 

Fumbler. One who handles anything clumsily. 

Greenhorn. An inexperienced person. 

Gull. See Gull-Deceiver. 

Land lubber. A raw, awkward person on board a vessel. 

Looby. An unskilful person. 

Lubber. A heavy, awkward, clumsy person. 

Marplot. One who frustrates a plan by his interference. 

Muff. A bungler. 

No conjurer. A clumsy person. 

Novice. An untried person. 

Poor hand. ' . , , 
« i_ i. f A bungler. 

Poor shot. ) 

Quack. See Gull-Deceiver. 

Slattern. A woman careless in dress. 

Sloven. A man who is careless in dress. 

Slow coach. A stupid fellow. 

Stick. One who is stupid. 

Swab. A lubber or clumsy fellow. 

Trapes. A slattern; a tramp. 

Yokel. A countryman. 

B uncle r — Figurative Expressions. 

Ass in lion's skin; fair weather sailor; fish out of water; freshwater 
sailor; horse-marine; jackdaw in peacock's feathers; lord of 


Bungler — Phrases. 

Acierta errando [Sp.1. He blunders into the right. 

Aliquis in omnibus, nullus in singulis [L.]. Dabbler in all things, 

good -or nothing in ea< h particular thing. 
Bis peccare in hello noil licet [L,]. To blunder twice in war 

He will never set the Thames on fire. 
// n'a pas invents it poudre [F.]. He did not invent gunpowder. 

ADEPT — Continued, 

Strategist. 1 One who displays skill and forethought in carrying out 

Tactician. ) his plans. 

Top sawyer. One who stands above the timber in a sawpit; a 

Veteran. An experienced person. 
Wizard. One who seems to use ma] >rk. 

ad'-e-qua-cy. State of being adequate. Enough, 
Usefulness- Uselessn ess. 

ad'-e-quate. Fully sufficient. Enough, Might-Im- 
potence, Usef'ulness-Uselessness ; adequate ad- 
versative, Particle. 

a "-des-pot'-ic. Not despotic. Rule-License. 

ad-here'. To stick to. Cohesion-Looseness, Inter- 
space-Contact; adhere like Dejani'ra's shirt, 
Cohesion-Looseness; adhere to, Habit-Desue- 

tude, Persistence-Whim; adhere to an obligation, 
Observance-Nonobservance; adhere to a duty, 

ad-her'-ence. Adhesion. Cohesion-Looseness. 

ad-her'-ent. One devoted to a party, person or 
principle. Antagonist-Assistant. 

ad-her'-er. One who stands by a principle. Patriot- 

ad-her'-ing. Sticking. Cohesion-Looseness. 




ad-he'-sive. Sticky. Cohesion-Looseness, Viscidity- 

ad-he'-sive-ness. State of being adhesive Cohesion- 
Looseness, Viscidity- Foam. 

ad-hib'-it. To apply. Use-Disuse. 

ad"-hi-bi'-tion. An admitting. Use-Disuse. 

ad"-hor-ta'-tion. Attempt to arouse or incite. Advice. 

ad"-i-aph'-a-nous. Opaque. Diaphaneity-Opaque- 

a-dieu'. Farewell. Arrival-Departure, Gain-Loss. 

ad'-i-po-cere. A light-colored fatty substance. Pulpi- 

ad'-i-pose". Fatty. Piltiness-Oiliness. 

ad'-it. A passage. Aperture-Closure, Water- 
course-Airpipe, Way. 

ad-ja'-cent. Adjoining. Remoteness-Nearness. 

ad-jec'-tion. Addition. Addition-Subtraction. 

ad"-jec-ti'-ti-ous. Added. Addition-Subtraction. 

ad'-jec-tive. A part of speech used to describe or 
define a noun. Adjective, Increment-Remnant; 
adjective pronoun, Pronoun; adjective verb, Verb; 
cardinal adjective, Adjective; common adjective, 
Adjective; compound adjective, Adjective; defin- 
itive adjective, Adjective; descriptive adjective, 
Adjective; indefinite numeral adjective, Adjective; 
indefinite quantitative adjective, Adjective; multi- 
plicative adjective, Adjective; numeral adjective, 
Adjective; ordinal adjective, Adjective; parti- 
cipial adjective, Adjective; partitive adjective, 
Adjective; pronominal adjective, Adjective; proper 
adjective, Adjective. 

Adjective. Word used to describe or define a noun. 

Adjective — Kinds. 

Article. Adjective serving to reduce a noun, from a general to a 
particular signification. 

Definite article. One pointing out some definite object. 
Indefinite article. One pointing out one object but not which one. 
The definite article is the, the indefinite a or an. A is used 
before a consonant sound, an before a vowel sound. 
Common adjective. One not derived from a proper name. 
Compound adjective. One made up of two or more words. 
Definitive adjective. One that defines or limits the meaning of a 

Descriptive adjective. One expressing some quality or condition of 

a noun. 
Humeral adjective. One expressing number. 

Cardinal. One answering the question "How many?" as one, 

two, etc. 
Indefinite numeral. One expressing number indefinitely; as, 

many, few, etc. 
Indefinite quantitative. One expressing quantity indefinitely; 

as, great, little, etc. 
Multiplicative. One answering the question "How many fold?" 

as. single, double, etc. 
Ordinal. One which answers the question "Which one?" as, 

first, second, etc. 
Partitive. One denoting a part, as. half, third, > tc. 
Participial adjective. One that has the form of a participle. 
Pronominal adjective. One that may be used either as a pronoun 

or an adjective. See Pronoiw 
Proper adjective. One derived from a proper name. 

Adjective — Associated Words. 

Comparative. The form expressing the greater it less degree ol a 

Comparison. Change of adjectives to denote variation of quality. 
Positive. The simple form of an adje< tivi 
Superlative. The form expre: . reatesl i r least degrei i 


ad-join'. To border upon. Interspace-Contact, 

ad-journ'. To put off to another day. Earliness- 
Lateness, President-Member. 

ad-journ'-ment. Postponement. Earliness-Late- 


ad-judge'. To award. Decision-Misjudgment, 
Judge, Litigation. 

ad-ju'-di-cate. To try and decide. Decision-Mis- 

ad-ju"-di-ca'-tion. Decision. Decision-Misjudgment. 

ad-junct'. Something joined to. Antagonist-As- 
sistant, Increment-Remnant, Obstruction-Help, 

ad"-ju-ra'-tion. A charging under oath. Assertion- 

ad-jure'. To invoke earnestly. Assertion-Denial, 
Engagement-Release, Petition-Expostulation. 

ad-just'. To cause to fit; settle. Fighting-Con- 
ciliation, Harmony-Discord, Preparation-Non- 
treparation; adjust differences, Composition. 

ad-just'-ment. Arrangement. Fighting-Concilia- 

tion, Harmony-Discord, Preparation-Nonprep- 


ad'-ju-tage. A spout or tube. Aperture-Closure, 

ad'-ju-tant. A military staff-officer. Antagonist- 
Assistant, Chief-Underling. 

ad-meas'-ure-ment. Act of measuring. Mensura- 

ad-min'-is-ter. To have the charge of. Management, 
Rule-License; administer correction, Recompense- 
Punition; administer oath, Engagement-Release; 
administer sacrament, Ceremonial; administer to, 
Giving-Receiving, Obstruction-Help. 

ad-min"-is-tra'-tion. Management. Management; 

administration of justice, Judicature. 

ad-min'-is-tra"-tive. Executive. Judicature, Rule- 

ad'-mi-ra-ble. Worthy of admiration. Goodness-Bad- 
ness, Virtue-Vice. 

ad'-mi-ra-ble Crichton. A clever Scotchman. Adept. 

ad'-mi-ral. A naval officer of highest rank. Chief- 

ad'-mi-ral-ty. Naval department; court of admi- 
ralty. Tribunal. 

admirari, nil [L.] (ad-mi-rc'-rai, nil). To wonder at 
nothing. Astonishment-Expectance. 

ad-mi-ra'-tion. An emotion of wonder and pleasure. 
Approval-Disapproval, Astonishment-Expect- 
ance, Love-Hate, Regard-Disrespect. 

ad-mire'. To be pleased. Approval-Disapproval, 

ad-mired' dis-or'-der. Wondered at. Regularity-Ir- 

ad-mir'-er. A lover. Love-Hate. 

ad-mis'-si-ble. Worthy of admittance. Admission- 
Expulsion, Faultlessness-Faultiness, Harmony- 
Discord; admissible in society, Society-Ludi- 

ad-mis"-si-bil'-i-ty. The quality of being admissible. 

ad-mis'-sion. (i) Act of admitting. Admission-Exclu- 
sion, Admission-Expulsion, Assent-Dissi ■jt, Evi- 
dence-Counterevidence, Giving-Ri 51 i i vi (G, In- 
clusion-Omission, Leave-Prohibition. 

ad-mis'-sion. (2) A conceding. Admission-Exclusion, 
Admission-Expulsion, Assent-Dissent, EviDENCE- 
Counterevidence, Giving-Receivim; , Inclusion- 
Omission, Leave-Prohibition. 


Admission. The act of admitting, 1 r the state itted. 

Composition. See Inclusion. 

; ion, etc. 

m en t . 

The net of excluding or the state of being excluded.' 

See Inclusion-Omission. 




ADMISSION"— Continued. 

Comprehension. The act of including or taking in ideas, facts, etc. 
Inclusion. The act of enclosing or comprising; the state of being 

Reception. The act of admitting or welcoming 
re< eived. 

the state of being 

Admit. To suffer to enter; allow to be included. 
Arrange under. To include in proper order under. 
Arrange with. To include in pn iper order with. 
Be included in, etc. To be enclosed or comprised in 
Belong to. To appertain to; be included in. 
Come under. To be included under. 
Comprehend. To in< lude ideas, fa< ts, etc. 
Comprise. To include and consist of 
Contain. To include and hold. 
Embrace. To include in the arms. 
Enclose, etc. See Confinement. 
Enumerate among. To count or include among. 
Fall under. To o une under or within. 

Congeneric. Included under the same genus or kind. 
Congenerous. Belonging to th< lus or kind. 

Included, etc. Comprised; enclosed. See Verbs. 

Admission- — Verbs 

To enclose; comprise. 
Merge in. To be sunk or lost m. 
Number among. To reckon as one o£ 
Pertain to. To belong to; to be included in 
Place under. To include under. 
Place with. To include with. 
Range under. To include in rows under. 
Range with. To include in rows with. 
Receive. To accept; contain; hold. 
Reckon among. To include among. 
Refer to. To assign to; include under. 
Take into account. To lake into consideration. 

Ami I ii [i in -Adjectives. 

Including, etc. Comprising; en< ' 

Inclusive. Comprising; embra 

Of the same class, etc. See Division. 

I '. rbs. 

Admission — Phrases. 
A maximis ad minima]!,.']. From the greatest to the least. Ei hoc genus omne [L.]. 


Bt t • U ra [L.]. And so on. 

this kind. 

Absorption. Drawing in slowly, as through pores. 

Admission. The act of admitting; permission to enter. 

Admittance. See Admission. 

Drinking. Act of taking liquid into the stomach. 

Eating. Act of taking food into the body. 

Entree [F.]. The act or right of entering. 

Imbibition. The act of absorbing or drinking in. 

Immission. The act of injecting. 

Importation. The act of bringing from one country into another. 

Ingestion. Taking in, as into the stomach. 

Ingurgitation. The act of swall< iwing greedily or immoderately. 

Inhalation. Taking in the breath; inspiration. 

Insertion. The act of putting or placing in or among. 

Interjection. A sudden throwing in. 

Introduction. The act of bringing into notia m r tainted. 

Intromission. The act of permitting to enter. 

Reception. The act of admitting or welcoming. 

Sucking. Drawing in. 

Suction. The act of causing to be drawn in by the force of a vacuum. 

Admission — Verbs. 
Absorb. To draw in slowly as through pores. 
Admit. To permit to enter; receive. 
Bring in. To introduce. 
Drink. To take in a liquid, usually through the mouth; more rapid 

action than imbibing. See Nutriment, 
Eat. To take in nourishment or food. 
Engorge. To swallow greedily. 
Engulf. To swallow up as in a gulf. 
Give admittance to. To give the right of entering. 
Give entrance to. To permit to enter. 
Give the entree. See Nouns. 

Gulp. To swallow greedily and in large quantities. 
Imbibe. To take in a liquid; drink. 
Import. To bring from one country into another. 
Ingurgitate. To swallow greedily. 
Inhale. To draw in the breath. 

Introduce. To bring into the presence of and make known to; bring in. 
Intromit. To admit; allow to enter. 
Let in. To permit to enter; insert. 
Open the door to. To receive kindly; welcome. 
Readmit. To admit again. 

Reabsorb. To absorb again what has formerly been given out. 
Receive. To welcome on their first arrival ; said mostly of persons 
Resorb. To reabsorb. 
Snuff up. To draw in through the nose. 
Suck in. To draw in by suction. 
Swallow, l'o receive into the stomach through the gullet. 

Admission — Adjet 
Absorbent. Tending to drink in or suck up. 
Absorptive. That which takes in and incorporates. 
Admissible. Worthy or capable of being entertained; allowable. 
Admitted. Allowed to enter; received 

Admitting. Granting or ready to grant the privilege of entering. 
Entrant. Admitting. 

Clearage. The act of removing anything 

Clearance. The a< t of ( tearing. 

Deportation. The a< t of exiling. 

Discharge. The act or process of relieving of a charge or load. 

Dislodgment. Tl ea ing from a place of rest. 

Drainage. The act of draw ing off slowly, as a liquid. 

Effusion. The act or process of pouring forth unrest rai: ■ 

Egestion. The act of casting forth or voiding. 

Ejection. The act of casting forth hurriedly, usually with vi< Ii e 

Emesis. Vomiting. 

Emission. The act of sending forth or giving out, a r light. 

Eructation. The act of throv i. or of 

gaseous or solid matter from avolca 
Evacuation. The act of makin i 
Eviction. The act of di: : eansof sonic legal ' 

Expulsion. The act of driving away by force or authority. 
Extrusion. The act of forcing or thrusting out. as of fused 

through fiss' 
Rejection. The act of re ■ 
Relegation. The act of sending off into sh ] itii n or 

into exile. 
Ructation. See Eructation. 

Tapping. The act <-: drawing i iff a liquid by removing thi 
Trajection. The a tig forth or over, usually with force. 

Vomition. The at t I he stomach. 


Expulsion — Denotations. 
A driving out of the country. 

See RecomI'ENSB- 

ai t of drawn m, especially in sv. 

i rawing off fluid. 

The operatic >n of letting blood by opening a v - 
The operation of < a vein for drawing off 

Expulsion — Associated Words. 
Extradition. The delivering up by one government to an< I 

any person who is a fugitive from jus! 
Rogue *s march. Music played in derision of a person when h 

pelled or driven away in disgrace. 

Expulsion — \ 'erbs. 
Averruncate. To ward off; avert. 
Bail out. To release a person from custody by giving security los 

his appearance. 
Bale out. To empty of water, as a - 
Banish. To compel to leave a country by authority of j 

decree or judicial sentence; exile. See EXCULPATION-PUNITION. 
Belch. To send forth violently. 
Belch out. To vent with vehemence. 
Be let out. To permit to depart. 
Blow. To drive a current of air out, as through a tube, or to impel 

by means of a current of air. See River-Wind. 
Bow out. To accompany separation with a a slight bow. 
Break bulk. To begin to unload. 
Breathe. To inhale and exhale air from the lungs; respire. 





Bring up. To cause to advance, as an army 

Broach. To introduce for discussion. 

Brush away. ) „ 

Brush off. 1 To remove - 

Bundle out. To dismiss; to send away. 

Cast adrift. To throw overboard. 

Cast up. To throw up or raise. 

Chasser [F.]. To pursue; drive out; banish 

Clean out. To remove dirt or impurities. 

Clear away. To remove out of the way. 

Clear decks. To prepare a man-of-war for action. 

Clear off. See Clear away. 

Clear out. To remove; betake oneself away. 

Clear the throat. To remove any impediment to the speech. 

Cut. To sever; remove by incision. 

Depopulate. To drive out the inhabitants, as in war. 

Deport. To send away forcibly, as to a penal colony , banish. 

Despatch. To act with promptness; send in haste, as a messenger. 

Detrude. To thrust down forcibly. 

Disbowel. To take out the bowels of. 

Discard. To throw aside as worthless. 

Discharge. To send forth by propulsive force. 

Disembowel. To remove the bowels; eviscerate. 

Disgorge. To throw out from ; eject. 

Dislodge. To force out from a place of rest or defense 

Dispatch. See Despatch. 

Dispeople. See Depopulate. 

Do away with. To dispose of. 

Drain. To draw off slowly, as a liquid. 

Drain to the dregs. To draw off to the last drop 

Draw off. To withdraw ; drain some fluid. 

Drivel. To have spittle flow from the mouth. 

Effuse. To pour forth unrestrainedly. 

Eject. To thrust out with violence or indignity. 

Eliminate. To get rid of as superfluous or unnecessary. 

Embowel. To eviscerate; rend. 

Emit. To send out or give forth as sound or light. 

Empty. To remove all the contents; make void. 

Eructate. To eject with noise. 

Evacuate. To eject by any of the excretory passages. 

Evict. To dispossess by some legal title or proceedings. 

Eviscerate. To remove the entrails. 

Excern. To excrete. 

Excrete. To separate and discharge waste matter from any animal 

Exhale. To send out the breath from the lungs. 

Expectorate. To discharge matter from the throat and lungs by 
coughing and spitting 

Expel. To drive out summarily, usually with violence and dis- 

Expend. To pay out or use, as time or money. 

Extravasate. To permit or cause to flow out of the proper vessels, as 
blood out of arteries. 

Extrude. To force or thrust out, as fused matter through fissures 

Get out. To draw forth or disengage ; betake oneself away. 

Get rid of. To dispose of; extricate oneself from. 

Give exit to. To permit to leave; grant a way of departure. 

Give out. To send out; publish or report. 

Give the sack to. To discharge, as a servant; to jilt, as a lover. 

Give vent to. To give expression or utterance tu; to pour forth as 
anger or tears. 

Gut. To eviscerate ; destroy the contents of. 

Hawk. To discharge phlegm from the throat by a forced cough. 

Heck. To heave, as in the act of vomiting. 

Lade out. To dip out with a ladle or dipper. 

Let blood. To draw blood by opening a vein. 

Let out. To extend, as a cord; release or permit to escape, as a pris- 

Make a clean sweep of. To clear away everything. 

Ooze. To flow gently, as through pores or small openings. 

Open the flood-gates. To turn on a great flow or flood of water 

Open the sluices. See Open the flood-gates. 

Oust. To turn out by force or legal process. 

Pack off. Togo off or be sent off peremptorily or in basic. 

Perspire. To excrete Huids and waste matter through the pores of 
the skin. 

Pour forth. See Pour out. 

Pour out. To cause to flow freely, as a liquid. 

Puke. To eject from the stomach. 

Purge. To cleanse from impurities. 

Expui tu i 
Emitting, etc. See Verbs. 

;ide. ^ 
pay. I 

li. I 


Verbs — Continued. 

Push aside. 

Push away. 

Push off. 

Push out. 

Reject. To cast away as worthless. 

Relegate. To send off . to consign. 

Retch. To strain as in vomiting. 

Root out. To tear up by the roots. 

Root up. See Root out. 

Secern. To secrete or separate in the animal body. 

Secrete. To separate from the blood or sap and form new substances, 

as saliva or,gum. 
Send about one's business. 

Send adrift. To give to the mercy of wind and wave. 
Send away. To dismiss. 
Send away with a flea in the ear. To send one away after having told 

him some secret or given him some warning or rebuke. 
Send off. To dismiss or despatch. 

Send packing. To discharge a person without ceremony. 
Send to Coventry. To send to some imaginary place of social banish- 
ment ; exclude from social intercourse on account of some ungen- 

tlemanly conduct. 
Send to Jericho. To send to some remote and out-of-the-way place. 
Send to the right-about. To send in the opposite direction; reject. 
Shake off. To throw to one side. 
Shed. To lose or cast off something. 
Shovel away. To remove with a shovel. 
Shovel out. See Shovel away. 
Show the door to. To point one to the door. 
Slabber. To drop liquid food from the mouth in eating. 
Slaver. To permit saliva to flow from the mouth in eating, as a 

Slop. To cause to overflow. 

Spend. To use or waste that which is valuable, as time or money. 
Spew. To cast forth. 
Spill. To allow or cause to overflow. 
Spit. To discharge mucus or phlegm from the mouth. 
Splutter. To speak or act hastily and confusedly. 
Sputter. To scatter saliva in speaking. 
Spurt. To cause a liquid to flow out in a jet. 
Squirt. To cause to issue in a sudden jet. 
Strike off the roll. To erase the name from the list of members. See 

Suck. To draw in by forming a vacuum, as by the action of mouth. 

and tongue. 
Suck off. Remove by suction. 
Sweep away, i 
Sweep off. --To remove. 
Sweep out. ' 

Tap. To draw off liquid by opening or removing the tap. 
Throw aside. To dispense with as useless. 
Throw away. To cast from. 
Throw off. To unload or get rid of. 
Throw out. To reject, as part of an account. 
Throw overboard. To cast from a ship into the water. 
Turn adrift. To unmoor and let float. 
Turn away. To reject, as an offer. 
Turn off. To scud away or dismiss, as a servant. 
Turn on the tap. To cause or permit liquid to flow by^ opening the 

Turn out. To put out. 
Turn out head and shoulders. To go into a thing with force and 

Turn out neck and crop. To go into a thing all at once, in a summary 

Turn out neck and heels. See Turn out veck and crop. 
Turn out of house and home. To drive out of one's place of abode. 
Unearth. To dig up from the earth. 
Dnhouse. To drive jrom one's house or habitation. 
Unkennel. To drive out from a kennel or retreat. 
Unlade. To unload. 
Unload. To remove aloa ! 
Unpack. To remove tin- contents of. 
Unpeople. To depopulate. 
Unship. To unload from a ship. 
Void. To quit ; leave. 

Vomit. To eject the contents of the stomach. 
Weed out. To remove the weeds, as from a garden. 
Whisk away. To brush away with alight, rapid motion. 
Whisk off. To brush off, as dust from a table. 

| ives 

Emitted, etc. See X'crbs. 




EXPULSION— Continued. 

Expulsion — Interjections. 

Aroyntl Avauntl Awayl Away withl Be gone! Be off! Getalong! Get along with you I Getawayl Get you gone! Go! Go about 
your business! Go along! Go along with you! Go away! Go your way! Off with you 1 

ad-mit'. To allow to go in. Admission-Exclusion, 
Admission-Expulsion, Assent-Dissent, Con 


clusion-Omission, Leave-Prohibitkjx ; admit ex- 
ceptions, Modification; admit of, Poss;bility-Im- 

ad-mit'-tance. Entrance. Entrance-Exit. 

ad-mit'-ted. Accepted. Habit-Desuetude; ad- 
mitted maxim, etc., Adage-Nonsense. 

ad-mit'-ting. Allowing to enter. Admission-Expul- 
sion, Modification. 

ad-mix'-ture. A mixture. Mixture-Homogeneity. 

ad-mon'-ish. To warn. Advice, Approval-Disap- 
proval, Warning. 

ad"-mo-ni'-tion. Reprimand. Advice, Warning. 

ad-mon'-i-tive. Admonitory. Advice, Warning. 

ad-mon'-i-to-ry. Serving to warn. Warning. 

a-do'. Bustle. Activity-Indolence, Difficulty- 
Facility, Toil-Relaxation; make much ado about, 
Consequence-Insignificance; much ado about 
nothing, Consequence-Insignificance, Overvalu- 
ation-Undervaluation, Skill-Unskilfulxess. 

ad"-o-les'-cence. Period from childhood to manhood. 

ad"-o-les'-cent. Pertaining to youth. Manhood. 

A-do'-nis. A mythological youth. Beauty-Ugli- 

ad'-o-nize. To dandify. Embellishment-Disfigure- 

a-dopt'. To take as one's own. Choice-Neutrality, 
Establishment-Removal; adopt a cause, Obstruc- 
tion-Help; adopt a course, Conduct; adopt an 
opinion, Faith-Misgiving. 

a-dopt'-ed. Accepted. Godliness-Ungodliness. 

a-dopt"-i-bil'-i-ty. Capability of being assumed. 

a-dop'-tion. Act of adopting. Choice-Neutrality, 

a-dor'-a-ble. Lovable. Love-Hate. 

ad"-o-ra'-tion. Reverential love. Devotion-Idol- 
atry, Love-Hate. 

a-dore'. To worship. Devotion-Idolatry, Love- 

a-dor'-er. A lover. Love-Hate. 

adorer le veau d'or [F.] (a-do-re' le vo dor). To wor- 
ship the golden calf. Devotion-Idolatry. 

a-dorn'. To decorate. Embellishment-Disfigure- 

a-dorn'-ment. An ornament. Embellishment-Dis- 

a-down'. Downward. Height-Lowness. 

a-drift'. Drifting. Certainty-Doubt, Connection- 
Independence, Gathering-Scattering, Skill- 
Unskilfulness, Union-Disunion; go adrift, Aim- 
Aberration; turn adrift, Commission-Abrogation, 
Gathering-Scattering, Release- Restraint. 

a-droit'. Expert. Skill-Unskilfulness. 

a-droit'-ness. Expertness. Skill-Unskilfulness. 

ad"-sci-ti'-tious. Supplemental. Addition-Sub- 

traction, Commission-Abrogation, Subjective- 
ness-Objectivex i 

adscriptus glebce [L.] (ad-scrip'-tus gli'-bi). Bound to 
the soil. Chief-Underling. 

ad'-sum [L.]. lam present. Answer to a roll-call. 

ad"-u-la'-tion. Flattery. Adulation-Disp.»rage- 
men r. 


Adulation. Servile flattery. 
Blandiloquence. Language of compliment. 
Blandishment. Caressing speech or actions to win the heart. 
Blarney. Smooth, wheedling flattery. 

R ' i Bombastic speech for political effect. 

Butter. Flattery. 

Cajolery. Act of duping by deceitful flattery. 

Captation. Obtaining favor or applause by flattery or address. 

Coquetry. Vain trifling in love. 

Euphemism, * An expression less offensive than one more directly 

expressive of the thought. 
Fawning. Cringing flattery in hope of favor. 
Flattery. Undue or insincere compliment. 
Flummery. Empty compliment. 
Flunkyism. A worshiper of rank or wealth. 
Gloze. Flattery. 
Honeyed words. Sweet flattery. 
Incense. Complimentary language. 

Mou h thTon e o'r. } Empty orinsincere honor - 

Placebo. A prescription by a physician, given to please rather than 

to cure. 
Rosewater. Smooth talk. 

Snobbishness. Aping of gentility by a vulgar person. 
Soft sawder.) „. a ., 

__ Soft soap. I Blame >'-. flattery. 
"Sycophancy. Base, servile flattery. 
Taffy. Flatten'', soft praises. 
Toad eating. Sycophancy. 

Tuft hunting. Flattery upon persons of position in hope of gain. 
Unctuousness. Quality of being extremely bland or suave. 
Voice of the charmer. Flattering voice. 
Wheedling. Persuasion by flattering words. 

Aspersion. Circulation of false and injurious charges. 

Backbiting. Speaking secretly to one's injury. 

Calumny. In vent evil reports. 

Chronique scandalensi [F.]. Chronicle of scandals. 

Criticism. Harsh or unfavorable judgment. See Approval-Dis- 

Cynicism. Contempt for others' doings and opinions. 

Defamation. Injury to reputation by aspersions, etc. 

Depreciation. Lessening the estimation of. 

Detraction. Lessening of reputation by insinuation of base 

Detractor. One who finds fault with or defames another. 

Disparagement. Injury* done by speaking Slightingly of. 

Envenomed tongue. Bitter, hostile speech. 

Evil-speaking. Harmful talk. 

Invective. Harsh and reproachful accusations. 

Lampoon. Personal, written satire. 

Libel. Written defamation. 

Obloquy. Censorious, abusive, and reproachful language. 

Obtrectation. Act of calumniating. 

Pasquinade. A short satirical publication. 

Personality. Disparaging remark about a person. 

Sarcasm. Sharp, scornful language. 

Scandal. Defamatory talk, heedlessly or maliciously ut I 

Scandalum magnatum [L.]. Scandal concerning those of rank or 

Scurrility. Foul or obscene language. 

Skit. A brief satire. 

Slander. Spoken defamation. 

Sprchr injuria fomice [L.]. Wrong done to slighted beauty. 

Traducement. Odious misrepresentation of one's conduct or char- 

Vilification. Words intended to make a person or thing seem vile is 
another's eyes. 




Adulation — Verbs. 

Beplaster. Thoroughly plaster. 

Beslaver. Thoroughly slaver. 

Beslubber. Thoroughly slubber. 

Bespatter. Thoroughly spatter. 

Butter. To flatter. 

Cajole. To dupe by deceitful flattery. 

Coax. To seek to persuade by fondling or flattery. 

Cog. To cheat, as with loaded dice. 

Collogue. To use flattery and deceit. 

Coquet. To trifle vainly in love. 

Court. To seek to obtain by assiduous attentions. 

Creep into the good graces of. To get into favor by flattery or 

Curry favor with. To seek favor with by adulation or attentions. 

Earwig. To gain favor by telling tales about others. 

Exaggerate. To enlarge upon the truth. 

Fawn. 1_ a 

Fawn upon. / ° Hatter cnngingly in hope of favor. 

Flatter. To give undue or insincere compliment. 

Fool to the top of one's bent. To fool shamelessly 

Gild the pill. To gloze. 

Glaver. To wheedle. 

Gloze. To gloss over with specious representation. 

Hang on the sleeve of. To be a sycophant. 

Humor. To gratify by yielding to some one's inclinations. 

Lay it on thick. To flatter extravagantly. 

Lay the flattering unction to one's soul. To use flattery 

Lick the dust. To cringe. 

Make things pleasant. To gloss over. 

Overestimate. To value too highly. 

Overpraise. To praise beyond just due. 

Pandar to. t _, , . 

Pander to. I cater to the wishes of. 

Pay court to. To court. See Court. 

Pet. To fondle and indulge. 

Praise to the skies. To praise lavishly. 

Puff. To praise unduly. 

Slaver. To flatter. 

Soothe. To calm with soft words. 

Truckle to. To curry favor with servility. 

Wheedle. To persuade with flattering words. 


Adulation — Adjectives 
Adulatory. Servilely flattering. 
Blandiloquent. In the language of compliment. 
Courtierlike. I ,. 
Courtierly. i Very courteous. 
Fair-spoken. Bland in speech. 
Fine. Nice, artful, subtle. 
Flattering. Praising unduly or insincerely 
Fulsome. Offensive from excess of praise. 
Honeyed. Sweetly flattering. 
Honey-mouthed. Having a flattering mouth. 
Mealy-mouthed. Euphemistic. 
Oily. Deceitfully affable in speech or manners. 
Plausible. Apparently right. 
Servile. Meanly obsequious. 
Smooth. Suave, often deceitfully. 
Smooth-tongued Deceitfully pleasing in speei h 
Soapy. Using flattery. 

Specious. Appearing well at first sight, but reall 
Sycophantic. Like a sycophant, servile in flattery. 
Unctuous. Extremely bland or suave. 

Adulation — Adverbial Phr. 

Ad captandum [L.]. To attract or please. 

ad'-u-la"-tor. A flatterer. Fi.atterer-Defamfr 
ad'-u-la-to-ry. Flattering. Adulation-Disparagi - 

m h x r . 
A-dul'-lam. A Biblical cave. Cave of Adullam, Con 



a-dult'. A fully developed person. Manhood. 

a-dul'-ter-ate. To make impure. Betterment-De- 
terioration, Mixture-Homogeneity. 

Disparagement — Noun of Agent. 
Detractor. Adefamer; slanderer. 

Disparagement — Verbs. 

Anathematize. To pronounce a curse against. 
Asperse. To bespatter with injurious charges 
Avile. To vilify. 
Backbite. To speak evil behind one's back 

lt" m fa 'l e Wi ' neS , S ag T st ' To tel1 "«• especially before a magistrate 

Besmirch. To dim the reputation of. 

Bespatter. To cover with slander or reproaches. 

Blacken. To defame; vilify. 

Blow upon. To taint; discredit. 

Brand. To stamp with infamy. 

Calumniate. To invent and spread evil reports. 

Cast aspersions. To censure harshly and falsely. 

Criticize. To judge harshly or unfavorably. 

Cry down. To depreciate; decry. 

Decry. To disparage loudly. 

Defame. To injure reputation by evil or false reports concerning. 

Depreciate. To lessen the estimation of. 

Derogate. To lessen by taking away a part; to disoarage. 

Detract. To lessen reputation by insinuation of base motives 

Dip the pen into gall. To write bitterly. 

Disparage. To injure by speaking slightingly of. 

Fling dirt. To use abusive language. 

Give a dog a bad name. Calumniate. 

Lampoon. To indulge in written, personal satire. 

Libel. To defame in writing. 

Malign. To speak great evil of, especially falsely 

Pick a hole in one's coat. To find fault with. 

Pull to pieces. To criticize unsparingly. 

Run down To attempt to depreciate one in the estimation of others. 

Mander. I o utter malicious reports about. 

Sneer at. To speak of in scornful contempt. 

Speak ill of behind one's back. Slander. 

Traduce. To odiously misrepresent one's conduct or character. 

View in a bad light. To think unfavorably of. 

Vilify. To attempt to make one seem vile in others' eyes 

Vilipend. To speak of disparagingly. 

Disparagement — Adjectives. 

Abusive. Coarse and rude in reproach. 

Calumniatory. ' r 

Calumnious. / Containing a false, malicious report or accusation. 

Cynical. Contemptuous of others' doings and opinions. 

Defamatory. Tending to bring disrepute upon. 

Derogatory. Taking away a part, as from dignity. 

Detracting, etc. See Verbs. 

Detractory. Tending to lessen estimation of. 

Disparaging. Tending to injure by unfavorable comparison. 


Foul-spoken. \ Using obscene and abusive language. 

Foul-tongued. ' 

Libelous. Containing anything damaging to character. 

Sarcastic. Exhibiting contemptuous language. 

Sardonic. Having a forced, sneering laugh or smile. 

Satirical. Containing irony. 

Scurrile. („ 

Scurrilous, i Gross or vlle ln speech. 

Slanderous. Containing false tales or reports. 

Disparagement — Phrases. 

Assent with civil leer; damn with faint praise; without sneering 
others teach to sneer. 

a-dul'-ter-a"-ted. Corrupted. Truthfulness-Fu uti 
a-dul -ter-a'-tion. Condition of being adultei 

Betterment-Deterioration, MIXTURE-HOMOGE- 

a-dul'-ter-er. A man guilty of adultery. Purity- 

a-dul'-ter-ess. A female adulterer. Purity-Rake 
a-dul'-ter-ous. Illicit. Purity-Impurity 
a-dul'-ter-y. LTnchastity. Purity-Impurity. 




a-dult'-ness. State of being an adult. Manhood. 

ad-um'-brate. To overshadow. Delineation-Cari- 
cature, Light-Darkness, Trope. 

ad-um-bra'-tion. A shadow. Copy-Model, Light- 
Darkness, Manifestation-Latexc v, Trope 

ad-un'-ci-ty. Condition of being hook-shajM <1. AN- 

ad-un'-cous. Hook-shaped. Angularity. 

a-dus'-tion. Process of drying or burning. Heating- 

ad-vance'. To move forward. Assertion-Denial, 
Betterment- Deterioration, Increase-Decrease, 
Loan-Borrowing, Obstruction-Help, Period- 
Progress, Success- Failure; advance against, At- 
tack-Defense; advance of learning, Knowledge- 
Jc.norance; in advance, Anteriority-Posterior- 
ity, Leading-Following, Loan-Borrowing, Pre- 
cedence-Succession; in advance of, Supremacy- 
Subordinacy; in advance of one's age, Sagacity- 


Advance. The act of moving forward or propo 

Advancement. Forwarding; promotion. 

Advancing. Progression. See Verbs. 

Flood-tide. The rising tide. 

Headway. Forward motion, particularly of a vessel; progress. 

Improvement. Advancement in desirable qualities 


March. Onward progress. See Traveling. 

Ongoing. The act of going forward ; progn 

Progress. A moving or going forward; an advance 

Progression. Motion forward or onward; a proceeding in a 

course . 
Progressiveness. The quality of being progressive. 
Rise. Ascent; advance as in rank, prosperity, or importan 

Advance — Verb . 

Advance. To move forward; further; proceed. 

Distance. To leave behind in a race; greatly to excel. 

Proceed. To go forward; continue in progress. 

Progress. To continue onward in course of action or development. 

Advance — Verbal Expressions. 

Carve one's way; come ahead; come forward; come forwards; come 
on; edge one's way; elbow one's way; force one's way; gain 
ground; get ahead; get along; get forward; get forwards; get on; 
get over the ground; go ahead; go forward; go forwards; go on; 
go with the stream; hold on one's course; jog on; keep one's 
course; make advances; make head; make headway; make one's 
way; make progress; make rapid strides (see Swiftness); make 
strides; make up leeway, make up for time U >st ; make way; move 
ahead; move forward; move forwards; move on; pass ahead; 
pass forward; pass forwards; pass on; press ahead; press forward ; 
press forwards; press on; press onwards; push ahead; push for- 
ward; push forwards; push on; push one's way; rub on, 
with difficulty; shoot ahead; step forward; wag on; work one's 

Advanck- i 

Advanced. Moved forward; promoted; furthered 
Advancing, etc. Progressing; improving. See Verbs 
Ebbless. Not flowing back. 
Profluent. Flowing forward. 
Progressive. Advancing. 

Advance — Adverbs. 

Ahead. In advance. 

En route for. On the way to. 

Forth. Forward in place, tin e, or order. 

Forward. Onward; ahead. 

In mid progress. Half achieved. 

In progress. Advancing. 

In transitu [L.]. On the passage. See Transfer. 

On. With unbroken advance; forward. 

On one's way to. \ 

On the high road to. [ , , , 

On the road to. f In lhc act of ^ uln ^ 

On the way to. * 

Onward. In the direction of progre^ 

Under way. In motion, as a ship. 

Advance — Phra 

Bouicz en avant [F .]. Push forward. 

Vestigia nulla retrorswn [L.]. No footsteps backward (At the 
mouth of the lion's den). [Horace.} 

Backsliding. Falling back into ; abandonment of faith 

or duty. 
Backwater. Water set , thrown or held back. 
Countermarch. A return march; any conduct or 

Counter-motion. Motion in a conl rary direction. 
Counter-movement. Movement in ■ ther. 

Crab-like motion. Motion backward. 
Deterioration. The pn I of growing wi >rse, or the state of having 


Ebb. Tl s tide -water to 1 he i h ean, 

Fall. TIi.- act . process or result of dropping from a higher \-. \ 

place or i>< isitit in. 
Recess. A place or space kit di -pressed in the thickness *>:' a wall' 

a ti .. empl< ■ -. n lent. 

Recession. Withdrawal. See WITHDRAWAL. 
Recidivation. A falling back; a backsliding. 

■ ■■':>■■ [F ] Falling back. 
Reflection. The act of turning bark, or thest \ turned back; 

the Turning in of the mind upon itself. See Impetus-Reaction. 
Refluence. A flowing back. 
Reflux. A flowing I 
Regress. Passage back ; return. 

Regression. The act of moving back or returning; retrogression. 
Regurgitation. The act of ru -allowing again. 

Remigration. Migration back t. > the pla< <• from which one came. 
Resilience. The act, power or resi ng back to a former 

Retirement. , the state i 

Retreat. The act of rctrea army befori . retire- 


Retrocession. Going or movinj I 
Retrogradation. The act or result of going, moving, or tending 

Retrogression. A ,. ing backward; de| 

Return. ult of turning backward. 

Tergiversation , as by subterl tancy. 

Turning point. See CONVERSE 5ION. 

Veering. Di 

Withdrawal. The a< ; retraction. 

RetB G RE SSIOK — 1 'erbs. 

Back. To re 1 ve rearward. 

Countermarch. I 

Double. .rallel track. 

Ebb. To flow bat an, as the tide; da I 

Jib. T 1 >ack wards. 

Rebound. T *e Impetus-Reaction. 


Regrade. T 

Regurgitate. To throw or pour back; surge or be poured back. 

Retire. withdraw; rei 

Retreat. To withdraw from a | ment. 

Retrocede. To give back; restore ownership, possession, or control oL 

Retrograde. To move, or cause to move, backward. 

Return. To put, carry, k" turn or direct backward. 

Revert. To 

Shrink. T< ► dra recoil. 

Shy. aside. 

Turn. y in nature, form or aspect; rotate or 

Veer. To turn to another course; change direction, as the wind. 
Wheel. To perform or cause to perl: >vement; take 

a new direction. 
Withdraw. To draw or take away; take back. 




Retrogression — Verbal Expressions. 

Back out, retreat or withdraw; back water, reverse the action of the 
oars, paddle, or propeller, so as to force the ship backward ; beat 
a retreat; come back; dance the back step; draw back; drop 
astern, be left behind; fall astern, move or be driven backward; 
fallback; get back; go back; go home; hark back, go back for a 

fresh start; lose ground; put about, change the course of , as a ship; 
put back; retrace one's steps; run back; sound a retreat; turn; 
turn back; turn one's back upon, leave; [turn round; turn tail, 
run away; turn upon one's heel; veer; veer round, direct to a 
different course, as a vessel. 

Retrogression — Adjectives. 

Crab-like. Moving backward. 

Reactionary. Tending toward a former or opposite state, etc. See 

Receding. Withdrawing, as from aclaim; moving back. See Verbs. 
Recidivous. Liable to backslide. 
Reflex. Turned or thrown backward ; bent back. 

Refluent. Flowing or rushing back. 

Regressive. Passing back; retroactive. 

Resilient. Having the quality of resilience. 

Retrograde. Going, moving, or tending backward; declining toward 

a worse state of character. 
Retrogressive. Going or moving backward ; declining. 

Retrogression — Adverbs 

Back. To or toward the rear; behind. 
Backwards. To the rear; into time past. 

As you were. In original condition. 

Refiexively. Bending or turned backwards. 

To the right about. Toward the opposite point or quarter. 

Retrogression — Phrases. 

Revenons d nos tnoutons [F.]. Let us return to our sheep; let us 
return to our subject. 

ad-vanced'. Before. Advance-Retrogression; ad- 
vanced guard, Anteriority-Posteriority; advanced 
in life, Infancy-Age; advanced work, Attack-De- 

ad-vance'-ment. Promotion. Advance-Retrogres- 
sion, Betterment-Deterioration. 

ad-van'-ces. Anything supplied. Make advances, 
Proffer-Refusal, Treasury. 

ad-vanc'-ing. Approaching. Advance-Retrogres- 
sion, Yellowness-Purple. 

ad-van'-tage. Anything favorable to success. Good- 
Evil, Supremacy-Subordixacy; advantage over, 
Success-Failure; dressed to advantage, Embel- 
lishment-Disfigurement; find one's advantage in, 
Usefulness-Uselessness; gain an advantage, Gain- 
Loss, Success-Failure; mechanical advantage, In- 
strument; set off to advantage, Betterment-De- 
terioration; take advantage of, Skill-Unskil- 
fulness, Use-Disuse. 

ad"-van-ta'-geous. Favorable. Gain-Loss, Good- 
ness-Badness, Usefulness-Uselessness. 

ad-vene'. To come to. Addition-Subtraction. 

ad'-vent. Arrival. Approach-Withdrawal, Arri- 
val-Departure, Future-Past, Occurrence-Des- 

Ad'-vent. The coming of Christ. Ceremonial. 

ad"-ven-ti'-tious. Incidental. Condition-Situation, 
Rationale-Luck, Subjectiveness-Objectiveness. 

ad-ven'-ture. A remarkable experience. Occur- 
rence-Destiny, Quest-Evasion, Rationale-Luck, 
Security-Insecurity, Venture. 

ad-ven'-tur-er. One who engages in dangerous under- 
takings. Gentility-Democracy, Purpose-Lick, 
Recklessness-Caution, Trial, Wayfarer-Sea- 

ad-ven'-tures. Experiences. Account. 

ad-ven'-tur-ous. Venturesome. Bravery-Cowardice, 

ad'-verb. A part of speech which defines or limits a 
verb. Particle; adverbial pronoun, Pronoun. 

ad"-ver-sa'-ri-a. A commonplace-book. Mark. 

ad'-ver-sa-ry. An opposing party. Antagonist-As- 


ad'- verse. In 


expressing opposition. 

rence, Desire-Distaste, Welfare-Misfortune, 
Readiness-Reluctance; adverse party, Antago- 
nist-Assistant; adverse fate, Volition-Obliga- 

ad-ver'-si-ty. Misfortune. Good-Evil, Welfare-Mis- 

ad-vert'. To turn to. Heed-Disregard. 

ad-vert'-ence. Notice. Heed-Disregard. 

ad-vert'-en-cy. Attentiveness. Heed-Disregard. 

ad'-ver-tise". To make known publicly. Publicity. 

ad"-ver-tise'-ment. A public notice. Publicity, 

ad-vice'. Counsel. Advice, Enlightenment-Se- 
crecy, Motive-Dehortation, Tidings-Mystery. 


Adhortation. Advice. 

Admonition. Friendly counseling or warning. See Warning. 

Advice. A speaking to in reference to some act or course. 

Advocacy. The act of pleading for, defending of. 

Charge. An instruction; advice to. 

Conference. The act of advising together. 

Consultation. The act of consulting, of deliberating. 

Council. Act of deliberating. 

Exhortation. Earnest advice to well doing. See Motive. 

Expostulation. Counseling against a certain course. 

Guidance. The act of guiding or directing. See Management. 

Hortatory. Giving or containing advice. 

Injunction. Authoritative advice. 

Instruction. The act of teaching, of directing. 

Obtestation. The act of supplicating not to do a certain thing. 

Pourparler [FJ. A parleying. 

Recommendation. The act of counseling on a certain course. 

Reference. The act of directing for a testimonial. 

Referment. The act of referring. 

Submonition. Suggestion. 

Suggestion. Act of bringing up for consideration. 

Advice — Nouns of Instrument. 

A guiding map; a tabulated sheet. See Enlightenment. 
Something that serves to direct. 
A small book often containing instructions. 


Advice — Nouns of Agent. 

Adviser. One who gives advice. 

Arbiter. A judge between contestants. See Judge. 

Archiater. The chief physician. [Used in Europe.] 

Council. A body of men which gives advice. 

Councilor. A member of council. 

Counselor. One who gives advice. 

Leech. A & 

Mentor. A wise and elderly guide. 

Monitor. A Warner, a cautioner. 

Physician. One who advises on bodily ailments. 

Prompter. One who incites; one who suggests what follows. 

Senator. A member of the more stable of the legislative assemblies 

of states. 
Teacher. One who instructs or educates. See Instructor. 




ADVICE— Continued. 

Advice — Figurative, 

Magnus Apollo [L.J. Great Apollo; the god of prophecy and 

Keltor. A faithful and wise counselor in the Iliad. 

A word to the wise. 

Advice — Phrase. 

Advice — Verbs. 

Admonish. To advise in a friendly way. See Warning. 

Advise. To commend or condemn a given cuurse. 

Advise with. To ask advi' e ol 

Advocate. To defend publicly. 

Be advised by. Accept advice. 

Be closeted with. To be granted a private interview. 

Call. To assemble for a purpose. 

Call in. To invite together. 

Call upon. Invite to speak. 

Charge. To lay upon; instruct. 

Compare notes. Compare information. 

Confer. To enter into a consultation with. 

Consult. To receive advice from. 

Consult together. To interchange advice. 

Counsel. To give advice to. 

Deliberate. To weigh in the mind. 

Dictate. To enjoin positively. 

Enforce. To put into effect ; urge forcibly. 

Enjoin. To charge; advise strongly. 

Exhort. To warn against a certain course. See Motivb. 

Ezpostulate. To earnestly warn against. See Motive-Dehorta- 

Follow advice. To act upon advi. c 
Give advice. "| 

Give a piece of advice. >To advise. 
Give counsel. I 

Have at one's elbow. To have within easy reach. 
Hold a council. Confer. 

Instruct. To impart knowledge and directions. 
Lay heads together. To consider in union. 
Prescribe. To lay out beforehand; direct. 
Prompt. To incite to activity; point to the next. _ 
Recommend. To give a favorable opinion of; advise. 
Refer to. Mention. 
Submonish. To suggest. 
Suggest. To bring to the notice of. 
Take advice. Accept counsel. 
Take one's cue from. Tu get a hint from. 

Advice — Adjectives. 

Admonitory. Serving to warn or reprove. See Warning. 
Dehortatory. Fitted to dissuade. See Motive-Dehortation 
Hortatory. Fitted to encourage in a given course. 
Recommendatory. Having a recommendation. 

See Motive. 

Go to) 

Advice — Intel 

Advice — Phrases. 

Verbum sat sapienti [I,.]. A word to the wise is sufficient. 
Vive memor leti [L.]. Live mindful of death. 

ad-vi'-sa-ble. Expedient. Propriety-Impropriety. 

ad-vise'. To give counsel to. Advice. Enlighten- 
ment-Secrecy, Prophecy; advise with one's pillow, 
Reflection- Vacancy. 

ad-vised'. Prudent. Predetermination-Impulse, 
Purpose-Luck; better advised, Betterment-De- 

ad-vi'-sed-ly. Not hastily. Predetermination-Im- 
pulse, Purpose-Luck. 

ad-vi'-ser. One who advises. Advice, Manager. 

ad'-vo-ca-cy. Pleading. Approval-Disapproval, 
Motive-Dehortation, Obstruction-Help. 

ad'-vo-cate. One who pleads the cause of another. 
Advice, Advocate, Antagonist-Assistant, Friend- 
Foe, Justification-Charge, Motive-Caprice, Ob- 
struction-Help; the Advocate, Divinity. 


Advocate. One who pleads for another before a judicial tribunal 

or court. 
Attorney. One who is legally appointed by another to transact busi- 
ness for him. 
Bar. The entire body of lawyers. 
Barrister. 1 Q nc who pract ises in the courts. 


Bencher. A member of the bar holding a place in one of the govern- 
ing bodies. 
Civilian. One learned in Roman or civil law. 
Conveyancer. One whose business is to transfer titles to pn perty. 
Counsel. One who gives advice in legal matters. 
Counselor. One who manages a cause for a client or gives legal ad- 
Cursitor. A clerk in the Court of Chancery. 
Equity draftsman. A lawyer who drafts equity pleadings. 
Inner bar. The body of senior barristers. 
Judge. The officer who presides over a court. See Judge. 
Junior bar. The body of barristers who occupy a place beyond the 

crown's counsel. 
Jurisconsult. A man learned in the law, who gives legal advice. 
Jurist. One learned in the law; a judge. 
K. C. Abbreviation for King's Counsel. 
King's Counsel. A barrister appointed by the crown to plead iU 

Lawmonger. One who practises law as if it were a trade. 
Lawyer. A general term for persons versed in the law and em- 

ployedto plead the cause of clients. 
Leader. The principal attorney in a case. 
Legal adviser. One who gives advice on law matters 
Legal profession. The body of lawyers. 
Legist. A writer on law. 

Notary. j A public officer who has a seal and is empowered to 

Notary public. t > ! protests, certify deeds, etc. 
Outer bar. The body of junior barristers. 
Pettifogger. A lawyer who uses short or dishonest methods. 
Pleader. One who advocates the cause of another. 
Proctor. An officer employed in admiralty and ecclesiastical causes. 
Publicist. A writer on law 
Pundit. One versed in the laws of the Hindus. 
0. C. Abbreviation for Queen's Counsel. 
Queen's Counsel. A barrister appointed by the crown to plead its 

causes, and ii"i permitted afterwards to plead against it 
Scrivener. One who draws up deeds. c< intracts, etc. 
Sergeant-at-law. The nighest rank at the common law bar. 
Special pleader. An expert in the drawing of pleadings. 
Tubman. One of the two most experienced barristers in the Court of 

Writer to the signet. A judicial officer who prepares wnts, warrants, 

Advocate — Figurative Nouns. 

Gentlemen of the long robe. The legal profession. 
Limb of the law. A lawyer. 
Silk gown. The legal profess: 

Advocate — Verbs. 

Be called to the bar. \ j Q bg adm : tted to t he rank of barrister. 

Be called within the bar. > 

Call to the bar . 1 Tq admit as a member of the legal profession. 

Call within the bar. > 

Plead. To argue in defense of one. 

Practise at the bar. I To ext . rcis( , Iaw as a profession. 

Practise within the bar. ' 

Take silk. To become king's or queen's counsel. 

Advocate — Adjectives. 

At the bar. Before court. 

Forensic. Belonging to courts, legal proceedings, etc. 

Learned in the law. Versed in law. 

Advocate — Phrases 

Banco regis [L.]. On the king's bench. 

ad"-vo-ca'-tion. A pleading. Pretext. 
ad-vou'- tress. An adulteress. Purity-Rake. 
ad-vou'-try. Adultery. Purity-Impurity. 
ad-vow'-son. Patronage. Church. 
ad"-y-nam'-ic. Lacking physical strength. Strength- 




a-dyn'-a-my. Lack of strength. Strength-Weak- 

adytum [L.] (ad'-i-tum) . A secret shrine. Con- 

adze. A hand-cutting tool. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

ad'-zooks. Exclamation of wonder. Astonishment- 

ae'-dile. A Roman magistrate. Judicature. 

ae'-gis. A shield. Attack-Defense. 

aegrescit medendo [L] (i-gres'-sit mi-den'-do). He 
grows worse by the remedy. Betterment-Dete- 

ae'-on. An age of the universe. Divinity. 

aequam servare mentem [L] (i'-quam ser-ve'-ri men'- 
tem). To keep a well-balanced mind. Excita- 


aequitas sequitur legem [L.] (eq'-ui-tas seq'-ui-ter 
li'-gem). Equity follows law. Law-Lawlessness. 

aequo animo [L.] (i'-quo an'-i-mo). With unmoved 
feelings. Excitability-Inexcitability, Sensitive- 

aere perennius [L.] (i'-ri per-en'-ni-us) . More lasting 
than bronze. Reputation-Discredit. 

a-e'-ri-al. Atmospheric. Height-Lowness, Liquid- 
Gas, Water-Air; aerial navigator, Wayfarer- 

a'-er-ie. Nest of a bird of prey. Dweller-Habita- 
tion, Height-Lowness. 

a'-er-i-form. Airy. Liquid-Gas, Water-Air. 

a"-er-o-dy-nam'-ics. Science of gaseous bodies. 
Liquid-Gas, River-Wind. 

a"-er-og'-ra-phy. A treatise on air. Water-Air. 

a '_ er -o-lite. A mass from celestial space. Astron- 
omy, Universe. 

a"-er-ol'-o-gy. Science of the atmosphere. Water- 

a'-er-o-man"-cy. Forecasting changes in weather; 
divination by appearances in the air. Prophecy. 

a"-er-om'-e-ter. Instrument for measuring density of 
gases. Water-Air. 

a'-'er-o-naut. One who navigates the air. Water- 
Air, Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

a"-er-o-naut'-ics. Treatment of air navigation. Trav- 
eling-Navigation, Water-Air. 

a'-er-o-scope. An air microscopic instrument. Water- 

a'-er-o-stat. A balloon. Conveyance-Vessel. 

a"-er-o-stat'ic. Pertaining to aerostatics. Traveling- 

a "-er-o-stat'-ics. Science of mechanical properties of 
air. Liquid-Gas, Traveling-Navigation. 

a "-er-o-sta'-tion. Ballooning. Traveling-Naviga- 
tion, Water-Air. ... . 

aes alienum debitorem lew, gravius numiciiin facit [L.\ 
(iz e-li-i'-num deb-i-to'rem li'-vi, gre'-vi-us in-i-mai'- 
cum fe'-sit). A light sum owed makes a debtor, 
one too heavy an enemy. Credit-Debt. 

jEs"-cu-la'-pi-us. The god of medicine. Remedy- 

JE-sop'. Author of fables. Beauty-Ugliness. 

Ees-thet'-ic. Artistic. Beauty-Ugliness, Feeling- 
Insensibility, Taste-Vulgarity. 

aetas, dum loquimur fugerit invidia [L.l (i'-tas, dum 
loq'-ui-mvr iiu'-ji-rit i-n-vid'-i-a). While we talk 
envious time has been flying. Lastingness-Tran- 


aeternum servans sub pectore vulnus [L] (i-ter -num 
ser'-vans sub pec'-to-ri vul'-nus). Keeping an ever- 
lasting wound in the heart. Pardon-Vindictive- 


ae"-ti-ol'-o-gy. The science of efficient causes. Knowl- 
edge-Ignorance, Rationale-Luck. 
a-far'. At a distance. Remoteness-Nearness. 

af"-fa-bil'-i-ty. Courtesy of manner. Politeness- 
Impoliteness, Selfrespect-Humbleness. 

af'-fa-ble. Courteous. Politeness-Impoliteness, 

af-fair'. Anything done. Conception-Theme, Occu- 
pation, Occurrence-Destiny, Strife-Peace; affair 
of honor, Strife-Peace. 

affaires, charged [F.] (af-fer', shar-zhed'). A diplo- 
matic agent. Consignee. 

affaires, les — font les hommes [F.] (oi-fer', lcz — fon- 
lez om) . Experience of affairs makes men. Knowl- 
edge-Ignorance, Sagacity-Incapacity. 

af-fairs'. Business. Occupation. 

af-fect'. To put on. Connection-Independence, 
Desire-Distaste, Excitation, Inclination, Lovb- 
Hate, Truthfulness-Fraud. 

af'-fec-ta'-tion. Displav. Society-Affectation. 

af-fect'-ed. (i) Acted upon. Affected with, Emotion, 

af-fect'-ed. (2) Pretended; loved. Affections, Purity- 
Crudeness, Truthfulness-Falsehood. 

af-fect"-i-bil'-i-ty. Quality of being affected. Sensi- 

af-fect'-ing. Acting upon the feelings. Pleasur- 
able n ess-Pa in fulness. 

af-fec'-tion. Love. Amity-Hostility, Emotion, 

af-fec'-tion-ate. Loving. Love-Hate. 

af-fec'-tions. Natural tendency of feeling. Affec- 


Affections. Mental feelings toward some object. 

Bent. A decided and fixed tendency of the mind towards a particu- 
lar mode of action . 

Bias. A leaning of the mind. 

Cast of mind. A characteristic inclination. 

Character. The sum of qualities by which a person is distinguished 
from others; strength of mind. 

Diathesis [Gr.]. Particular disposition or habit of body, good or bad. 

Disposition. Tendency to any action or state, resulting from natu- 
ral constitution. 

Frame of mind. Particular state of the mind. 

Frame of soul. Manifestation of the moral nature. 

Furore [It.]. An overmastering passion or mania for anything. 

Grain. Natural temper. 

Habit of mind. The state of mind, either natural or acquired, re- 
garded as firmly retained. 

Humor. State of mind, whether habitual or temporary. 

Idiosyncrasy. A peculiarity of mental constitution or tempera- 

Master passion. Any emotion or sentiment in a state ot controlling 

Mettle. Spirit, especially as regards honor, courage, fortitude, etc. 

Mood. Temporary state of the mind as regards passion or feeling. 

Natural turn of mind. Inherent mental disposition. 

Nature. Inherent or essential qualities or attributes. 

Passion. The state of the mind when it is powerfully acted upon and 
influenced by something external to itself. 

Pervading spirit. Controlling temper or mental condition. 

Predilection. A previous liking, a prepossession of the mind for 

Predisposition. Previous inclination, or tendency. 

Proclivity. Facility; inclination. 

Proneness. Inclination of mind or temper. 

Propendency. \ 

Propensedness. ! A lianing or bent Q f mind. 

Propension. 1 

Propensity. ' 

Qualities. Acquired traits. 

Ruling passion. Sec Master passion. 

Spirit The state of tempei or mind as governing the actions. 

Sympathy. The ,1 being affected by the statu or condition 
of another. See Lovb. . , , -, ,. 

Temper. The constitution of the mind, particularly with rc R ard to 
the passions and affections. 

Temperament. The peculiar physical and mental character ol ...i 

Tone. Characteristic tendency. 




AFFECTIONS— ( onlinu, d 
Turn. ) 

Turn of mind. V A particular disposition or cast of genius. 
Vein. i 

Affections — Figurative Expressions. 
Back-bone; bosom; breast; cockles of one's heart; heart; heart of 
hearts: heart's blood; heart's core; heart's strings; inmost heart; 
inmost soul; inner man; penetrate mentis [L.], ■ .scs of 

the mind; secret and inmost recesses of the heart; soul. 
Affections — Verb 

Beaffected. To have the mind influenced. Sei 

Be of a character. To have particular or peculiar qualities. See 


Breathe. To show or express one's affections or fei 

Have affections. ) „ ..„„, 
_ - .. ■ See A onus. 

Possess affections, j 

Affections — Adjectives. 
Affected. Regarded with affection ; beloved. 
Attempered. Regul 
Cast. Formed. 

Characterized. Distinguished by peculiar marks or traits. 
Deep-rooted. Firmly implanted. 
Disposed. Inclined. 
Eaten up with. < If deep affection- 
Formed. Modeled by discipline. 
Framed. Regulated. 
Having a bias. See Nouns. 
Imbued with. Impressed. 
Inborn. Implanted by nature. 
Inbred. Bred within. 

Inclined. Having a tendency or leaning toward. 
Ineffaceable. Incapable of being blotted out. 
Ingrained. Worked into the mental or moral constitution of. 
Inveterate. Fixed and settled by long continuance. 
Molded, (riven a certain training. 
Pathoscopic. Indicative of the passions. 
Affections — Ad\ 

At heart. Deeply felt. 

Heart and soul. With all one might. SeeEMOTio.v 

In one's heart. In one's thought or feeling lei Vouns 

af-fec'-tor. One who pretends. Presumption-Obse 


affettuoso [It.] (af-fet-tu-o'-zo) . Soft in music. Music. 

af-fi'-ance. Pledge of faith. Engagement-Release, 
Matrimony-Celibacy, Sanguineness-Hopeless- 

af-fi'-anced. Engaged to be married. Engagement- 
Release, Love-Hate, Matrimony-Celibacy. 

af-fiche'! A poster. Publicity. 

af-ficher'. One who posts. Publicity. 

af"-fi-da'-tion. Act of promising. Contract. 

af"-fi-da'-vit. A sworn declaration. Assertid . 
nial. Litigation, Mark-Obliteration. 

af-m'-i-a"-ted. Associated. Connection-Independ- 
ence, Relationship. 

af-fil"-i-a'-tion. Relationship. Connection-Iniu- 

pendence, Rationale-Luck, Relationship. 

af-fin'-i-ty. Connection. Connection-Indepi: nm 

af-firm'. To declare positively. Assent-Dissent, 

af-firm'-ance. Affirmation. Assent-Dissent, Asser- 

af'-fir-ma'-tion. A declaration. Assent-Dissent, 

A ssertion-Denial. 

af-firm'-a-tive. Positive. Assent-Dissent, Asser- 

af-firm'-a-tive-ly. In an affirmative side. Assent- 

af-fix'. To join. Addition-Subtraction, Increment- 
Remnant, Letter, Union-Disunion. 

af-fla'-tion. A breathing on. River-Wind. 

af-fla'-tus. Spiritual inspiration. Revelation- 
Psi i lation, River-Wind. 

af-flict'. To oppress with suffering. Pleasurable- 
ness-Painfulness; afflict with illness, Health- 

af-flic'-tion. Distress. Lightheartedness-Dejec- 
tion, Pi Pain, Pleasurableness-Painfui- 

ness, Welfare-Misfortune. 

af'-fiu-ence. Wealth. Affluence-Penury, Enough, 



Affluence. An abundant supply of worldl} goods. 

Competence, etc. Sufficiency, enough propertv for a imfortable 

livelihood. See Enough 
Easy circumstances. Moderate condition in regard to wo 
Fortune. Estate; possessions; great wealth. 

Good circumstances. Very good condition in regard to property, etc. 
Handsome fortune. Ample or large posses ■-■ 
Independence. Sufficient means or wealth to support oneself. 
Opulence. State of being rich or wealthy. 
Riches. Abundance of whatever is precious. 
Solvency. The condition of being able to pay all just debts. 
Wealth. An extraordinary abundance of this world's goods; large 


Affluence — Associated Nouns. 

Alimony, sum allowed to a woman 

band, capital; command of money; dowry, property wh 
woman brings to her husband on marria , earnings, thai which is 
earned, income, etc. (see Outlay-Income); livelihood; lucre; 
maintenance; means; money; pelf, wealth, generally in a 
sense, property, etc. (see Property); provision; resources; round 


Affluence — Figurative Nouns. 

Croesus; Danae; Dives; El Dorado [Sp.], any country of great 
wealth in precious metals; embarras dc richesses [FJ, 
supply, filthy lucre; full purse; Golconda; heavy purse; loaves 
and fishes. ersonal gain or advantage , long purse; mam- 

mon, riches, generally in an ill sense Midas; mine of wealth; mint 
of money; nabob, any European who has amassed wealth in the 
East, Pactolus; Plutus; Potosi, town famous for silver mines. 
purse of Fortunatus; Timon of Athens; well-lined purse. 

Affluence— Afott«s ol 
Capitalist. One possessing large means to engage in extensive busi- 
ness undertakings. 

Expressions denoting poor financial 


Bad circumstances. 
Embarrassed circumstances 
Needy circumstances. 
Poor circumstances. 
Reduced circumstances. 
Straitened circumstances. 
Destitution. Lack of the comforts, and in part even of the neces- 
saries of life. 
Difficulties. Embarrassment chiefly in money affairs. 
Distress. Painful lack of what is useful or desirable. 
Impecuniosity. State of being habitually without money 
Indigence. Lack of ordinary means of subsistence. 
Lack. Deficiency; inadequate supply. 

Narrow means. I Exprcss i ors denoting a low state of resources. 
Slender means. > 

Necessity. Condition of being in want. 

Need. Pressing occasion for something, absence of means of action. 
Neediness. State of being needy. 

Pauperism. State of being thrown upon public charity for support. 
Penury. Continuous cramping povei 

Poverty. Lack of property or adequate means of support. 
Privation. Deprived or destitute of something. 
Straits. Nai ■ ricted condition. 

Want. Being without that which is a comfort, or an object of our 

Penury — Associated Nouns. 

Beggary; insolvency, etc. (see Settlement-Default); loss of 
fortune; mendicancy; mendicity. 

Penury — Figurative Nouns. 

Beggarly account of empty boxes, broken fortune; empty pocket; 
empty purse; hand to mouth existence; light purse; low water. 
:i [L 1, narrow cirumstances at home, poverty, 
wolf at the door; poor as a church mouse. 





Man of substance. One who has great material possessions. 
Millionaire. One who has a million of money ; a very rich man. 
Moneyed man. One who is rich in money. 
Rich man. One who has large possessions. 
Warm man. One who is well off as to property. 

Affluence — Nouns of Result. 
Plutocracy. A government in which the wealthy classes rule. 
Timocracy. A government in which honors are distributed accord- 
ing to a rating of property. 

Affluence — Verbs. 
Afford. To be able to bear expenses ; have sufficient means for. 
Become rich, etc. To come to a state of wealth or means. See Ad- 
Be rich, etc. To be wealthy; have ample means. See Adjectives. 
Command a sum. To have at one's disposal a sum of money. 
Command money. To have control of money. 
Enrich. To make rich ; increase the wealth of. 
Feather one's nest. To amass money, especially from holding an 

office or place. 
Fill one's pocket, etc. To collect and store as much wealth as pos- 
sible. See Treasury. 
Hold one's head above water. To survive a financial crisis. 
Imburse. To supply w r ith money. 
Make a fortune. To become rich ; amass wealth. 
Make both ends meet. To make the income pay the expenses. 
Make money, etc. To eam or gain money. See Gain. 
Roll in wealth. To be exceedingly rich. 
Wallow in riches. t„ , ,. , 

Wallow in wealth. I 1 ° be exceet "ngly wealthy and avaricious. 
Well afford. To be in good financial condition. 

Worship Mammon. I To devote one's time and energies to the 

Worship the Golden Calf . I accumulation of riches. 

Affluence — Adjectives. 
Affluent. Rich in worldly goods ; abounding in wealth. 
All straight. Having money affairs in good condition. 
Flush. Abundantly furnished with money. 
Flush of cash. ~i 

Flush of money. V Possessing plenty of ready money. 
Flush of tin. J 
In cash. ~\ 

In full feather. ,-Having a supply of money on hand. 
In funds. J 

Made of money. Plenteously supplied with money. 
Moneyed. I _. . 
Monied. I ^^ m mone >-- 
Opulent. Having large means; rich. 
Out of debt. Freed from all encumbrances. 
Pecunious. Having abundance of money ; wealthy. 
Provided for. Taken care of, financially, beforehand 
Rich. Possessing abundant means to supply wants. 

Rich as a Jew. 1 ., 

Rich as Crcesus. / Jix P resslons signifying enormous wealth. 

Rolling in riches. 1 „ .. , 

Rolling in wealth. I Excee dmgly wealthy. 

Solvent. Able to liquidate all just debts. 

Warm. Easy and safe in money matters. 

Wealthy. Having greater means than the generality of men. 

Well off. Thriving; prosperous. 

Well provided for. Generously taken care of beforehand. 

Well to do. Easy in circumstances. 

Worth much. Well supplied with worldly goods. 

Affluence— Phrases. 
Magna servitus est magna fortuna [L.]. Great fortune 

Mds vale saber que liabcr |Sp ]. Wisdom is better than wealth. 
One's ship coming in. When one 1 ■ ealthy. 

Vera prosperity e non aver ncccssita [it.]. True wealth is to ha - 

Wie xerronnm [G ]. As won, so flown; light come 
light go. 

PENURY — Adjbctivbs— Continued from Column r. 
Under hatches. In a state r.f depr< , r poverty. 

Unmoneyed. Not having money. 
Unportioned. Not endowed with i ortion or fortune. 
Without a rap. Moneyless; nor. 

Pen u r v — Phrases. 
A pobreza no hay verguenza [Sp .]. Poverty has no shame. 
In forma pauperis [L ]. As a poor man. 
Zonam perdidit [L .]. He is in desperate circumstances. 

Penury — Xouns of Agent. 

Beggar. One who is poor and asks charity. 

Mendicant. A begging friar of a Roman Catholic rt ligious order. 

Mumper. A begging impostor. 

Pauper. One supported or assisted by charity. 

Pauvrc diable [F .). Poor devil; fellow; wretch. 

Poor man. One lacking material riches or goods. 

Starveling. An animal or plant weakened from want of nutri- 

Penury — I , ■;' 
Beg one's bread. To ask or supplicate in charity. 
Be poor, etc. To be destitute of property. See Adjectives. 
Bring to the parish. To be dependent upon charitv for livelihood. 
Come upon the parish. To be supported by the parish. 
Fleece. To fraudently deprive of money or property. 
Go down in the world. To become poorer and poorer. 
Go to the dogs. To leave the path of rectitude; to fail financially 
Go to wrack and ruin. To fall into decay; be brought to poverty 
Have seen better days. To have once been in a state of prosperity. 
Impoverish. To reduce to poverty; make poor. 
Lack. To be deficient in; be destitute of. 

Live from hand to mouth. To continue in an unsettled financial state 
Not have a penny. 1 To be poor; be without money. 

Wot have a shot in one's locker. ) See Money. 

Pauperize. To reduce to a condition of being supported by charity. 
Reduce. To bring to an inferior condition. 

Reduce to poverty. To make poor; be without means of support 
Render poor, etc To cause to be or become poor. See Adjectives. 
Rum. To bring to poverty. 

Run into debt, etc. To come or get into a state of debt. See Credit- 
Starve. To suffer extreme want. 

Tirer le diable par la queue [P.], To be hard put to it for a livelihood. 
Want. To be without comforts or objects of desire. 

Penury — Adjectives. 
Badly off. Unfortunately situated; not well off . 
Barefooted. Having the feet bare; poor. 
Beggarly. Miserably poor; mean. 

Bereaved. Made destitute, as by the death of a relative. 
Bereft. Deprived of something, as of hope and strength. 
Destitute. Lacking comforts or necessaries of life. 
Distressed. Painfully lacking what is useful or desirable. 
Dowerless. Without a dowry. 
Embarrassed. Involved in pecuniary difficulties. 
Fleeced. Robbed or plundered. 
Fortuneless. Without a fortune; luckless. 
Hard up. In want of money ; needy. 
Ill off. See Badly off. 
Impecunious. Without money ; poor. 
Indigent. Without the means of subsistence. 
Insolvent, etc. Unable to pay debts. See Not paying. 
Involved, etc. Entangled financially. See In debt. 
In want. Very - destitute in means of subsistence; needy. 
Moneyless. Without money. 

Necessitous. Pressed with poverty; very needy. 
Needy. Very poor; lacking the means of living. 
Net worth a rap, etc. Of little account or value. See Money. 
Out at elbows. ") 

Out at heels. '- In a poverty-stricken condition. 
Out at pocket. J 

Out of money. Destitute of money; lacking funds. 
Penniless. Without money. 
Pinched. In a starved or disl i ition. 

Poor. Having small means. 
Poor as a church mouse. "i 

Poor as a rat. I Destitute of n at. rial riches or goods 

Poor as Job. J 

Poorly off. See Badly off. 
Poverty stricken. Suffering from poverty. 
Put to one's last shifts. I , , , , 
Put to one's shifts. / ° n the last resources. 
Qui n'a pas le sou [F.]. One who has not a cent. 
Reduced. Sec Verbs. 
Seedy. Poor; shabbily dressed. 
Short of cash, j _... 

Short of money. I " " hout . or nearly without money. 
Straitened. Pressed with poverty or other necessity. 
Stripped. Made destitute- divested of possessions. 
Unable to keep the wolf from the door. Incapable of supplvinc wants. 
Unable to make both ends meet. Not able to make income cove* 

{Continued on Column i.) 




af'-flu-ent. A tributary. Affluence-Penury, Ap- 
proach-Withdrawal, Enough, River- Wind. 

af'-flux". Act of flowing to a point. Approach- 

af-ford'. To have means for. Affli h i Penury, 
Giving- Receiving. I )i rLAY- Income, Price- 
Discount; afford aid, etc , i d: Help. 

af-fran'-chise. To liberate. Liberty-Subjection, 
Re i. ease- Restraint. 

af-fran'-chise-ment. Liberatii m. Liberty-Subjec- 
tion, Release-Restrain i 

af-fray'. A public fight. Strife-Peaci 

af-fray'-nient. Public fighting. Strife-Peai 

af-freet'. A devil. Jov] 1 ■': 

af-fric'-tion. Friction. Friction-Lubrication. 

af-fright'. Great fear. Sanguineness-Timidity. 

af-fright'-ment. Great fear. Sanguineness-Timi 

af-front'. To insult openly. Charitableness-Ma- 
levolence, Favorite- Anger, Pleasurableness- 
Painfulness, Regard-Disre ipei i affront danger, 
Bravery-Cowardii I 

af-fuse'. To pour. Water-Air. 

af-fy'. To promise in marriage. Matrimony-Celi- 

a-field'. On the field. Presence-Absence. 

a-float'. Floating. Conveyance-Vessel, Entity- 
Nonentity, Mutability-Stability, Occurrence- 
Destiny, Ocean- Land, Preparation-Nonprepa- 
ration, Tidings-Mystery, Traveling-Navigation; 
keep oneself afloat, Welfare-Misfortune. 

a-foot . In progress. Activity-Indolence, Occupa- 

a-fore'. Before. Antecedence-Sequence. 

a-fore'-named". Named before. AnTECEDENCE-Se- 

a-fore'-said". Said before. Antecedence-Seqi ence, 
Precedence-Succession, Recurrence. 

a-fore'-thought". Premeditation. Predetermina- 

a-fraid'. Filled with fear. Sanguineness-Timidity; 
afraid to say, Certainty-Doubt; be afraid, 1 >eter- 
mi nation -Vacillation. 

a-fresh'. Anew. Novelty-Antiquity, Recurrence. 

Af'-ric heat. Great heat. Heat-Cold 

af'-rite. An evil genie. Jove-Fiend. 

aft. Toward the stern. Anteriority-Posteriority. 

aft'-er. Behind. Antecedence-Si o i .. , , Ante- 
riority-Posteriority, Leading Following, Op- 
portuneness-Unsuitadi.eniss. Pri cedi -Suc- 
cession, Quest-Evasion; after all, Compensation, 
Modification, Ratiocination-Instinct; after 
time, Earliness-Lateness, Future-Past; be after, 
Purpose-Luck, Quest-Evasion; go after, Leading- 

aft'-er-ac"-cep-ta'-tion. After meaning. Meaning- 

aft'-er-age. Future time. Novelty-Antiquity. 

aft'-er-clap". An unexpected stroke. Expectation- 

aft'-er-course". A later course. Predecessor-Con- 

aft'-er-din"-ner. Made or occurring after dinner. 

aft'-er-glow". A glow in the western sky after sunset. 

aft'-er- ife". The future life. Occurrence-Destiny, 

aft"-er-noon' . Day between noon and sunset . Morn- 

aft"-er-noon' far'-mer. A lazy person. Activity- 

aft'-er-noon" par'-ty. A partv. Sociability-Privacy. 

aft'-er-part". That which follows Anteriority- 
Posteriority, Predecessor-Continuation. 

aft'-er-piece". A sequel. Acting. 

aft'-er-taste". Lingering taste in the mouth. Savor- 

aft'-er-thought". A more delil il ight. Eig- 

otry-Apostasy, Mind-Imbei ility, Remembra 

aft'-er-time". Future. Earliness-Lai I ruRE- 

aft'-er-wards. At a later time. Ante 


a'-ga. Low or Turkish noble. Chief-Underling. 

agacerie [V .] (a-gas-ri';. Enticement. Moth 

a-gain'. At another time. Doubling-Halving, Re- 
currence; again and again, Frequency-Rarity, 
Recurrence; come again, Periodicity-Regular- 
ity; fall off again, Renovation-Relapse; live again, 

a-gainst'. In opposition to. Antai (CUR- 


Nonpreparation; against one's expectation, Ex- 
pectation-Surprise; against one's will, Coeri ion; 
against one's wishes, Readiness-Relui rANCE; 
against the grain, Antagonism-Concurreni e, De- 
sire-Distaste, Difficulty-Facility, Pleasurable- 
NESS-Painfulness; against the stream, Antago- 
nism-Concurrence, Difficulty-Fai ility; against 
the time when, Prevision; chances against, I 
hood-L'nlikelihood; declaim against, Appr 
Disapproval; false witness against, Adulation-Dis- 
paragement; go against, Antagonism-Concur- 
rence; raise one's voice against, AsSENT-DlSSENT; 
set against, Love-Hate; set one's face against, An- 
tagonism-Concurrence, Approval-Disapproval, 
Proffer-Refusal; stand up against, Reprisal- 

ag'-a-mist. One who opposes marriage. Matrimony- 
Celibai i 

a-gape'. Gaping. Astonishment-Expectance, Ex 
pectation-Surprise, Inquisitive ness- In differ- 
ent i 

ag'-a-pe. The lo% - e-feast of the primitive Christians. 

Ag"-a-pem'-o-ne. A religious community. Love- 
Hate, Pleasure-Pain. 

ag'-ate. A variety of quartz. Embellishment-Dis- 

age. A period of time. Duration-Neverness. In- 
fancy-Age, Lastingness-Transientness, X IV- 
elty-Antiquity, Period-Progress, Time; from 
age to age, Eternity-Instantaneity; of age, Man- 

a'-ged. Old. Infancy-/ 

a'-gen-cy. Active power. Action-Passiveness, 
Agency. Com mission- Abrogation, INSTRUMENTAL- 
ITY, Management, Use-Disuse. 


Action. Effect of power exerted on one body ther See 

Agency. The means or mode of action. 
Causation. The act or power by which an effect is produced. See 

Exercise. Employment in the proper mode of activity. 
Force. Capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect. 
Function. Any specific power of acting or operating that belongs 

Home stroke. A well aimed blow. 

Influence. Controlling power quietly exerted. See Dominance. 

Instrumentality. Anything used as a means or an agency. See 

Inter-action. Mutual or reciprocal action or influence. 
Inter-working. Act of working in together. 

Maintaining power. The power or force which supports or keeps up 
Maintenance. That whi 

:': [L ]. Manner of operation. 
Office. A special duty, trust, or charge 




AGENCY— Continued. 

Operation. Method of working. 
Play. Liberty of action. 

Quickening power. The act or agent which imparts energy or move- 
ment to. 
Strain. Extreme tension; a violent effort. 
Swing. Swaying motion; free course. 
Work. Exertion of strength or faculties. 
Working. Act of laboring. 

Agency — Verbs. 

Act. To exert power. 

Act upon. To produce an effect upon. 

Be in action, etc. To be exerting one's strength. See Adjectives. 

Bring into operation. \ 

Bring into play. I To bri ;mo action . tQ WQrk 

Bring to bear upon. I 

Come into operation. ' 

Have free play. I ™ , * - e 

„ . * [ 1 o have freedom of action. 

Have play. J 

Maintain. To support or keep up. 

Operate. To exert power or strength, physical or mechanical. 

Perform. To bring to completion. 

Play. To put in action or motion. 

Quicken. To make lively or active. 

Strain. Overexert. 

Strike. To deliver a quick blow or thrust. 

Support. To bear by being under. 

Sustain. To keep from falling. 

Take effect. To accomplish an aim. 

Work. To exert oneself for a purpose. 

Agency — Adjectives. 

Acted upon. Having some power exerted upon 

Acting. Operating in any way. See Action. 

At work. Laboring. 

Effectual. Capable of bringing about a result. 

Efficacious. Powerful to produce the effect intended. 

Efficient. Marked by energetic and useful activity. 

In action. Engaged in work. 

In exercise. Using physical or mechanical powers. 

In force. Driving; compelling. 

In operation. Exerting power. 

In play. Into use. 

On foot. Doing. 

Operative. Having the power of acting. 

Practical. Capable of being turned to use or account. 

Wrought upon. Having power acting upon. 

Agency — Adverbs, 

By means of. See Means. 
By the agency of. See Nouns 
Through. See Instrumentality. 

agenda [L.] (a-gen'-daV A program of business, Oc- 
cupation*; list of agenda, Design. 

agendum [L.] (a-gen'-dum). A thing to be done. Oc- 

a'-gent. One who has power to act. Agent, Cause- 
Effect, Consignee; anesthetic agent, Feeling-In- 


Actor. One who does anything in any way; a stage player. 

Agent. One who has the power to act; one who acts. 

Architect. One who constructs fine buildings. 

Artificer. One who fashions. 

Artisan. A skilled mechanical worker. 

Artist. One who is skilled in fine arts. 

Baker. One who bakes. 

Blacksmith A smith who works in iron. 

Bricklayer. One who puts bricks in place. 

Builder. One who puts together. 

Cabinet-maker. One who makes furniture. 

Carpenter. One skilled in handling and constructing. 

Chargeship. Office of a charge d'affaires 

Charwoman. A woman who works by the day. 

Cordw.iiner. A worker in cord wain. 

Coworker. One who works with another 

Craftsman. One who has manual skill, or belongs to a trade. 

Day laborer. Laborer by day. 

Demiurgus. Creator of the universe. 

Doer. One who acts. 

Dramatis Personse. The persons of the play. 

Drudge. One who works hard at servile tasks. 

Engineer. One who runs an engine. 

Executor. One who carries through, especially the provisions of a 

Executrix. A female executor. 
Factotum. An agent who does all sorts of work. 
Fag. One who does menial service. 
Farrier. A shoer of horses. 
Forger. One who shapes metal. 
Glazier. Fitter of window-panes. 
Hack. A drudge. 
Hand. A laborer. 
Handicraft man. An artisan. 

Hewers of wood and drawers of water. Humble workers. 
Journeyman. One who has mastered his trade. 

Laboring man. } 0ne who toils or labors ' 

Machinist. One versed in construction of machines. 

Maker. One who makes. 

Man. Used of men who are employed. 

Manufacturer. One engaged in the production of material object* 

Mason. One whose business is in stone. 

Mechanic. One skilled in mechanic arts. 

Mechanician. One who understands machines. 

Milkman. One who sells milk from door to door. 

Miller. One who tends a mill, particularly a grist-mill. 

Minister. An agent, especially in religion. See Instrumentality. 

Navvy. One engaged in constructing canals, etc. 

Needle-woman. One who uses a needle. 

Operative. A person who works in a mill or factory. 

Operator. One who looks after the working of any industry 

Particeps criminis [L.]. A partner in crime. 

Participator in. One who has a word or part in. 

Party to. One interested in. 

Performer. One who carries through anything to completion 

Perpetrator. One who carries through, in a bad sense. 

Practitioner. One who practises. 

Printer. One who sets type, or prints. 

Puppet-man. A puppet-player. 

Purveyor. One who provides victuals. 

Quarryman. One who owns, operates, or works in a quarry. 

Rag-man. One who buys rags. 

Representative. One who represents another. See Consignee, See 

Sail-maker. One who makes sails. 
Seamstress. A woman skilled in sewing. 
Servant. A domestic laborer. See Underling. 
Servant of all work. One who does odd jobs. 
Smith. One who shapes metal. 
Stager. Actor. 

Tailor. One who makes and fits clothes. 
Tanner. One whose occupation is to tan hides. 
Wheelwright. One who makes and repairs wheeled vehicles. 
Worker. One who does something. 
Workingman. A workman. 
Workman. A man who works. 
Workwoman. A woman who works. 
Wright. One engaged in mechanical operations. 

Agent — Figurative Nouns. 

Ant. An insect, the symbol of industry. 

Bee. An insect that produces honey; a symbol of industry. 

Laboring oar. A helper. 

Mere tool. A low worker. 

Vulcan. God of the forge. 

Agbnt — Phrases. 

Faber est quisque fartutus sace [L .]. Every man is the artificer of 

his own fi irtune. 
Quorum pars magna fui [L.]. Of which I have been a great part. 

a '-gent-ship". Office of an agent. Commission-Ab- 

age quod agis [L.] (fi'-j! quod fi'-jis). Do what you do. 

a'-ges. Long period of time. Ages ago, Future-Past; 
for ages, Lastingness-Transibntness. 

ag-glom'-er-ate. Gathered into a mass. Cohesion- 
Looseness, Gathering-Scattering. 




ag-glom"-er-a'-tion. A mass. Cohesion-Looseness, 

ag-glu'-ti-nate. To stick together. Cohesio i 


ag-glu"-ti-na'-tion. Adhesion. COHESION-LOOSENESS. 

ag'-gran-dize. To make greater. Enlargement- 

Diminution, Increase-Decrease, Reputation- 

ag'-gran-dize"-ment. Exaltation. Enlargement- 
Diminution, Increa i lii' ii \ s i: , Reputation- 

ag'-gra-va-ble. Tending to aggravate. Alleviation- 

ag'-gra-vate. To add weight to; to anger A.1 leviation- 
Aggravation, Betterment-Deterioration, F \- 
vorite-Angkr, Gull-Hyperbole, Incri » k-De- 
crease, Turbulence-Calmness. 

ag'-gra-va"-ted. In. r. a: i .1 Alleviation-Aggrava- 

ag'-gra-va"-ting. Irritating. Alleviation 
tion, Pleasurableness-Painfuln 

ag"-gra-va'-tion. A. i oi Ali i viation- 

Aggravation, Gl'I.I.-II i II RBOl i . i rease-De- 

ag'-gre-gate. To bring together. Gathering-Scat- 
tering, Whole-Part. 

ag"-gre-ga'-tion. Assemblage. Cohesion-Looseness. 

ag-gres'-sion. An unprovoked attack. Attack-De- 

ag-grieve'. To cause sorrow to. Goodness-Badness, 

ag-group'. To form a group. Gathering-Scatter- 

a-ghast'. Struck with terror. Astonishment-Ex- 
pectance, Expectation-Surprise, Sanguineni 

ag'-ile. Active. Activity-Indolence, Swiftness- 

a-gil'-i-ty. Nimbleness. Activity-Indolence. 

ag'-i-o. Exchange premium. Price-Discount. 

ag'-i-o-tage . Brokerage. Exchange. 

ag'-i-tate. To excite. Activity-Indolence, Agita- 
tion, Excitation, Investigation-Answer; agitate 
a question, Ratiocination-Instinct. 

ag'-i-ta"-ted. Excite. 1. Agitation, Mutability- 

ag"-i-ta'-tion. Ad of exciting, Activity-Indolence, 
Agitation, Emotion, Excitability-Inexcitabil- 
ity, Excitation, Investigation-Answer, Mi 
bility-Stability, Vigor-Inertia; in agitation, 


Agitation. Disturbance of mind which shows itself by ph 

excitement; state of being moved with vii lence or irregular a 
Bustle. Noisy stir. 

Cahotage [F ] A jolting; as the jolting . if a i ar. 
Commotion. A very violent agitation. 
Convulsion. Any violent irregular motion; an abnormal muscular 

contraction of the 
Dance. A scries of rhythmic erted movei tents and 

usually to time marked by music, 
Disquiet. An unsettled or disturb, d c. 
Disturbance. A public tumult. 
Ebullition. A violent bursting forth; the bubbling of a boiling 

I., ini.l 
Effervescence. Irrepressible excitement or emotion; a bubbling 

caused otherwise than by boiling. 
Epilepsy. A nervous disease characterized by fits and convulsive 

movements of the muscles. 
Ferment. Internal motion ..r emotion. 
Fermentation. A stale of agitation or ex. itement, as i f the intellect 

or the feelinps. 
Fits. A stroke of disease which causes convulsions; an impulsive 

and irregular action 
Flutter. A quick and irregulai moti 

Fuss. Unnecessary or annoying activity about trifling matters. 
Ground swell. A broad, deep rolling of the sea, due to a distant 

Heavy sea. A sea in which the waves run high. 
Hubbub. A noisy disorder. 
Hurly-burly. Tumult and uproar. 
Jactitance. I , 
Jactitation. I A tossing about. 

Jar. A trembling or shaking, as from a sudden shock. 

Jerk. A short, sharp pull or twitch. 

Jog. A slow, jolting motion. 

Jolt. A sudden movement or shock. 

Megrims. A sudden attack of sickness in a hi rse, causes 

Palpitation. \ ;ting or thru!, 1 

Perturbation. A disturbance or irregular motion, prodm « d by some 

force additional to that which causes regular motion. 
Quaver. A rapid and tremulous vibration. 
Quiver. A slight trembling motion. 
Racket. Confused, clattering noise. 

Restlessness. Unquietncss; uneasiness. See Mutability. 
Ripple. A slight curling motion. 
Rout. A disorderly flight. 
Shake. A short and rapid motion. 
Shock. A sudden and violent motion caused by dashing against 

■ hing. 
Shuffling. An awkward, clumsy movement. See Verbs. 
Spasm. Any sudd- 

Staggers. A disease causing unsteady, reeling movements. 
Stir, I I lent. 

Storm. A jrrcat whirling motion of the air. 
Subsultus. Convulsive muscular twitching. 
Succussion. A shaking. 

Tempest. A ommotion or agitation. 

Throb. A rapid and 
Throe. A struggli: ■ pain. 

Tremor. A shivt i king. 

Trepidation. An involuntary trembling caused 1 fear. 

Tumult. Commoti< a multitude. 

Tumultuation. Irn lisorderly moti 

Turbulence. A \ ■ :i or comnn I 

Turmoil. Confuse 
Twitter. A light t n i tion. 

Vortex. A rotatn. 
Whirlpool. \ , body of water where the water moves round 

in a i irele causing a depn ito which objt awn*, a 

disturbance caused by the meeting of. two run- i 
Whirlwind. A funnel-shap* r, spiral 

motion; a great disturbance. See River-Wind. 

Agitation W-rbs. 

Agitate. To disturb or shake irregu' 

Bandy. To pass along or knock Via. h 

Be agitated. ed or excited. 

Beat. T<> dash or inst. 

Be the sport of the winds and waves. To be tossed to and fro without 

a pur] 
Bicker. To strike repeatedly; wrani 
Bob. Move up and down. 
Boil. To bubble up. 

Boil over. To be so violently agitated as to run over. 
Brandish. Raw and move in vari : 'iuns. 

Bubble. T air or gas. 

Bubble up. boil. 

Buffet. To strike with a hand. 
Bustle. To stir about actively or excitedly. 
Churn. To stir or mix up. 

Convulse. To cause to have contraction of mus 
Curvet. To prance. 

Dance. To causi I iwn. 

Disturb. To n>us<. 
Drive from post to pillar and from pillar to post. To drive backward 

and fi irward. 
Effervesce. To give up bubbles of gas. 
Ferment. To be excited into sensible internal motion. 
Flap. To move rapidly to and fro. 
Flicker. To be unsteady or wai i 
Fhtter. To scatter; flul 
Flop. To move In 

Flounce. To move about with an impatient mov< 
Flounder. To stumble or struggle. 

Flourish. To swing, fling, or toss about while holding in the hand. 
Foam. To froth. 




AGITATION'— Verbs— Continued. 

Go pit-a-pat. Move with light, quick steps or pulsations. 

Hitch. To move with a jerking motion. 

Hustle. To shake or shuffle together in confusion. 

Jerk. To move with short, sharp pulls. 

Jog. To move with a slow, trotting motion. 

Joggle. To shake slightly with irregular motion. 

Jolt. To move up and down with a jarring movement. 

Jostle. To shake slightly. 

Jounce. Jolt. 

Jump about. To move by springs or bounds. 

Jump like a parched pea. To move quickly and unexpectedly. 

Keep between hawk and buzzard. To move from one dangerous 

place to another. 
Move from post to pillar and from pillar to post. To move to and fro. 
Palpitate. To beat violently. 
Prance. To spring or bound, as a horse. 
Quake. To be agitated with quick, short, repeated motions 
Quaver. To have a tremulous motion. 
Quiver. To be agitated with a fluttering motion. 
Reel. To stagger or sway in walking. 

Reel to and fro like a drunken man. To sway from side to side. 
Shake. To move rapidly and shortly to and fro or up and down. 
Shake like an aspen leaf. To tremble. 

Shake to its center. To shake violently or through and through. 
Shake to its foundations. To shake thoroughly. 
Shake up. To stir with a violent motion. 
Shamble. To walk with a shuffling or unsteady gait. 
Shiver. To tremble, as with cold or fear. 

Shuffle. To move along with difficulty, listlessly, or awkwardly. 
Simmer. To boil gently. 

Stagger. To move unsteadily to one side and the other. 
Stir. To cause to move. 

Stumble. To move unsteadily or in a blundering manner. 
Sway. To incline, bend, or swing. 
Throb. To vibrate in any way. 
Toss. To throw up with the hand. 
Toss about. To throw oneself from side to side. 
Totter. To waver, as if about to fall. 
Tremble. To have a slight irregular vibratory motion. 
Tremble like an aspen leaf. To tremble violently. 
Tumble. To move in a careless or headlong manner. 
Twine. To wind in curves. 
Twitter. To be excited or agitated. 
Vellicate. To cause to twitch or contract convulsively. 
Wag. To move lightly and quickly one way and the other. 
Waggle. To cause to move in short, quick movements. 
Wallop. To flog; waddle. 
Whip. To excite; to strike with a rod. 
Whisk. A light sweeping movement. 
Wield. To use with full effect. 
Wriggle. To move with short turns and twists. 
Wriggle like an eel. To squirm. 
Writhe. To twist with violence. 

Agitation — Adjectives. 
Agitated. Disturbed. 
All of a twitter. Highly excited. 
Convulsive. Spasmodic. 
Desultory. Changeable. 
Giddy-paced. Moving irregularly. 
Restless. Unquiet. 

Saltatory. Moving abruptly or by leaps. 
Shaking. Vibrating. See Verbs. 
Shambling. Unsteady. 
Subsultory. Bounding. 
Tremulous. Trembling. 
Unquiet. Without rest. 

Agitation — Adverbs. 

By fits and starts. Irregularly. 
Hop, skip and jump. Carelessly. 
In convulsions. By starts. 
In fits. Unstably. 
Per solium [L.]. By leaps. 
Subsultorily. Bounding. 

Agitation — Phrases. 
Tempcte dans un vcrre d'eau [F.]. Tempest in a glass of water. 

ag'-let. An ornamental pendant. Delineation-Cari- 

ag'-nate. Related on the father's side. Relationship. 

ag-na'-tion. Relationship on father's side. Relation- 

ag-ni'-tion. Recognition. Consent. 

ag-nize'. To acknowledge. Consent. 

ag-no'-men. An additional name. Name-Misnomer. 

agnus Dei [L] (ag'-nus Di'-ai). The Lamb of God. 
Ceremonial, Devotion-Charm. 

a-go'. Gone past. Future-Past. 

a-gog'. Excited with curiosity. Astonishment-Ex- 
pectance, Desire-Distaste, Expectation-Sur- 

a-go'-ing. In motion. Activity-Indolence; set 
agoing, Obstruction-Help. 

ag'-o-nism. Contention for a prize. Strife-Peace. 

ag'-o-nize. To cause pain. Pleasurableness-Pain- 
fulness, Sensuality-Suffering. 

ag'-o-ni"-zing. Suffering agony. Excitability-In- 
exc it ability, Pleasurable x ess-Pain fulness. 

ag'-o-ny. Intense suffering. Pleasure-Pain, Sensu- 
ality-Suffering; agony of death, Life-Death; 
agony of excitement, Excitability-Ixexcitability. 

a-gram'-ma-tist. An ignorant man. Scholar-Dunce. 

a-gra'-ri-an. Pertaining to land. Domestication- 

a-gree'. To be of one mind. Assent-Dissent, Com- 
position, Coxsext, Contract, Cooperation-Op- 
position, Harmony-Discord, Variance-Accord; 
agree in opinion, Assent-Dissext; agree with, 

a-gree'-a-ble. Pleasurable. Pleasurableness-Pain- 
fulness, Sensuality-Suffering, Welfare-Mis- 

a-gree'-a-ble-ness. Pleasurableness. Pleasurable- 


a-gree'-a-bly. Pleasingly. Agreeably to, Convention- 
ale y-Unconventionality. 

a-gree'-ing. Being of one mind. Harmony-Discord, 

a-gree'-ment. Mutual assent. Assent-Dissent, Com- 
position, Consent, Contract, Cooperation-Op- 
position, Harmony-Discord, Likeness-Unlike- 
xess, Variaxce-Accord, Uniformity-Diversity. 

a-gres'-tic. Rural. Domestication-Agriculture. 

ag'-ri-cul"-tor. A farmer. Domestication-Agricul- 

ag"-ri-cul'-tur-al. Rustic. Domestication-Agricul- 

ag'-ri-cul"-ture. Cultivation of soil. Domestication- 

ag"-ri-cul'-tur-ist. A farmer. Domestication-Agri- 

ag-ron'-o-my. Scientific husbandry. Domestication- 

a-ground'. Stranded. Difficulty-Facility, Muta- 
bility-Stability, Success-Failure. 

a'-gue-fit". A fever. Sanguineness-Hopelessness. 

agueis, aux [F.] (a-ge', oz). On the watch. Expec- 
tation-Surprise, Expos ure-I I i ding place. 

a'-gu-ish. Chilly. Heat-Cold. 

a-ha'. Exclamation of joy. Jubilation-Lamenta- 

a-head'. In front. Advance-Retrogression, Ante- 
riority-Posteriority, Leading-Following; go 
ahead, Advani e-Ri irogressiox; rock ahead, 
Refuge-Pitfall, Security-Insecurity; shoot 
ahead, Activity-Indolence, Transcursion-Short- 

ah me. Exclamation of grief. Jubilation-Lamenta- 

Ah'-ri-man. Evil deity. Jove-Fiend. 

Ah'-ri-man"-es [Gr.]. Ahriman. Angel-Satan. 

aid. Help. Charitableness-Malevolence, Instru- 
mentality. Means. Obstruction-Help, Suspen- 




sion-Support; by the aid of, Instrumentality, 

Mkans, Oksi kuc rn i". I I I.I.I'. 

aide'-de-camp". A staff officer. Antagonist-Assist- 
ant, Chiep-Underling, 

aide-tot, le del V aider a [F.](ed-twa', Le si-el' tfid-e-ra'). 
Help yourself and Heaven will help you. Toil- 

aid'-ing. Helping. Obstruction-Help, 

aid'-less. Helpless. Sir km; rH-WBAKNESS. 

ai-grette'. Tuft of feathers. Embellishmen ["-Dis- 

ai-guille'. A rocky mountain-summit. Sharpness- 

aiguille, chercher tine — dans une botte de join [F.] 
(Ogwiy', sher-sht*' un-dun z un hot de fwan). "To 
look for a needle in a haystack." Difficulty- 
Facility, Possibility-Impossibility, Usefulness- 
Use less ness. 

ai'-gu-let. An ornamental pendant. Em BELLI SHMENT- 

ail. To be ill. Health-Sickness, Pleasure-Pain. 

ail'-ing. Bei what ill. Health-Sick 

ail'-ment. Slight sickness. I Ik altii -Sickness. 

aim. T. » direct . Aim-Aberration, Purpose-Luck; 
aim a blow at, Attack-Defense; aim at, PURPOSE- 
Luck, Quest-Evasion. 


Alignment. Arrangement in a straight line. 

Aim. Line oi dins t ii hi ; i ]'M>:n. 

Bearing. The direction of a point as determined by the com; 

a ship. 
Eending. Deflects >n. 

Collimation. The act of rendering parallel to a given straight line. 
Course. Line of mol 
Dip. Enclinatii >n ; i hange of angle. 

Direction. The trend of a line as determined by its extremi I 
Drift. The course along win. h anything mi 
Incidence. The course of a body in relation to ^ surface on which it 

Line. A route; course. 
Set. Direction of, as of wind and current. 
Steerage. The i ourse in which the ship is k< 
Tack. Fastening down the corners of certain sails in pa 

one point to another; hence, the course of sailing. 
Tendency. See Inclination. 
Tenor. A settled manner of progress; direction. 
Trend. Inclination; tendency. 

Aim — Associated Nouns. 

Azimuth the arc of the horizon which a vertical plane pa 
through a heavenly body makes with the meridian of the pla< > 
observation; cardinal points; line of collimation; path; point of 
the compass; quarter, any special place or direction; range, 
space through which anything moves; road; rhumb, one 
thirty-two points on a compass. 

Aim — Points of Direction. 

East; east by north; east by south; east-northeast; east-southeast; 
north; north by east; north by west; northeast; northeast by east; 
northeast by north; north-northeast; north-northwest; northwest; 
northwest by north; northwest by south; south; south by east; 
south by west; southeast; southeast by east; southeast by south; 
southwest; southwest by south; southwest by west; south-south- 
east; south-southwest; west; west by north; west by south; west- 
northwest ; west-southwest. 

Aim — Verbs. 

Aim at. To point in the direction of. 

Align one's march. To lay out a plan or course to follow. 

Ascertain one's aim. ~t 

Ascertain one's course. [-To find out where one is going. 

Ascertain one's direction. ) 

Be bound for. Have one's course determined. 

Bend. To turn from its first direction. 

Bend one's course. To turn. 

Bend one's steps towards. To go in a direction. 

Bend towards. To cause to go in a direction. 

Box the compass. To recite in consecutive order the thirty-two 

points of the compass. 
Conduct to. To lead to. 

Determine. To make up one's mind about some course. 
Dip. Incline. 

Direct one's course. To turn to; to regulate; to plan. 
Easter. Shift to the east. 

Go straight to the point. To take the shortest way. 
Goto. To reach; to go in the direction of. 
Hold a course. 1.- .. ,. .. , 

Keep a course I p same ' pa ' r ' route * 
Keep hold. To continue holding. 

Level at. To take aim ; to place in a perfectly horizontal position. 
Make for. To set out for; to go toward. 
March on. Travel in some direction. 


Aberrance. A wandering from the right way. 
Aberration. Wandering from the truth. 
Declination. Deviation ; departure. 
Deflection. The act of turning aside. 
Deflexure. The state of bending away from. 

Detour. See MlDCOl R IB ClR< LIT. 

Deviation. Going out of the way. 

Digression. Turning aside from the right path. 

Divergence. See Concentration-Radiation. 

Diversion. Pastime; amusement. A rest from v 

Evagation. Wandering about ; excursion. 

Flection. A turning, as of the eye. 

Obliquation. Tun eyes. 

Refraction. Bending the rays of light in passing from a denser to a 

rarer medium, or 
Sweep. A long movement. 
Vagrancy. State of wandering about. 
Wandering. Going out of the way. 
Warp. A twisting from the right c< iuj 

A B i . k ration — Denotations. 

Bypaths and crooked ways; knight's move at chess; zigzag. 

Aberration — Verbs. 

Alter one's course. T< • change one's 

Bear off. Tosteei iwa 

Bend. To twist away in >m its former com 

Crook. To turn; to curve. 

Deflect. To turn aside from a horizontal or right position. 

Depart from. T i leave; logo in a different direction. 

Deviate. Turn aside. 

Digress. To go out of the way ; to touch upon some side topics. 

Diverge. See ('< iNCBNTRATK n -Radiation. 

Divert from its course. To turn aside from its fixed course, business 

i ir ■ ccupatii in. 
Dodge. To escape by evading the point at issue. 
Draw aside. To pull away; to withdraw. 
Drift. To float; to go any direction. 
Ease off. To slacken the rope to let the ship slowly change her 

■ • ii m. 
Face about. To turn the face completely around. 
Face to the right about. To turn the face completely to the right. 
Fly off at a tangent. To fly oil at right angles to the radius of a cir- 

Cle ! to drop the main Su1 ■ 
Go adrift. To float helplessly along in any direction. 
Go astray. To wander away from known paths. 
Glance off. To bound to a side; to fail to do injury. 
Go out of one's way. See Circuit. 
Heel. To tip or lean to one side. 
Intervert. To turn to another course or way. 
Lose one's way. Fail to know which direction to go. 
Make way for. To go out of the way ; to open up a passage. 
Meander. To wind; to twist; to turn at random. 
Put on a new scent. Direct in a different way. 
Ramble. To roam carelessly, without any definite point in view. 
Rove. To wander about in a heedless manner. 
Shift. To move from place to place. 
Shunt. To switch off, like a train of cars. 
Shy. To jump to a side suddenly. 
Sidle. To move sideways, putting one side ahead. 
Steer clear of. To go out of the way; to avoid- 
Step aside. To make room for passage by getting out of the way. 
Straggle . To roam in bypaths ; to wander out of the way. 
Stray. To lose one's course. 




AIM— ABERRATION— Continued. 

AIM — Verbs — Continued. 

March on a point. To go to some definite place. 

Point at. Aim at. 

Point to. Direct attention to. 

See which way the wind blows. Determine the direction of the 

Shape one's course. Outline a way for oneself. 
S'orienter [F.]. To find one's bearings. 
Steer one's course. To be one's own pilot. 
Take aim. To direct the eye or weapon. 
Tend towards. To go in a direction. 
Trend. Incline. 
Verge. Come near. 

Aim — Adjectives. 

Aligned with. Put in the rank, line. 
Bound for. Going in some particular direction. 
Direct. In a straight line. 
Directed. See Verbs. 
Directed towards. See Verbs. 
Easterly. Tending toward the east. 
North, etc. ~| 

Northerly, etc. r See Points op Direction. 
Northern, etc. ) 

Point towards. To direct one's attention to something. 
Straight. Not crooked ; keeping in the same path. 
Straightforward. Upright; not deviating. 
Undeviating. Not going out of the way. 

Unswerving. Unflinching; carrying out one's plans without fear or 

Aim — Adverbs. 

As the crow flies. In a direct line. 

Before the wind. In the direction of the wind. 

By the way. Branching off, but connected with the main point. 

Directly. Straightway . 

Eastabout. | 


En avant [F.]. Forward. 

From the four winds. From north, east, south, west. 

Full tilt at. Straight ahead. 

Hither. This way; this direction. 

In the wind's eye. Directly towards the point from which the wind 

blows . 
Near the wind. Close to the wind. 
Point blank. Straight off; flatly. 
Quaquaversum. Facing all directions; all sides. 
Straight. Direct. 
Thither. To that place or result. 
Through. From end to end. 

■ Towards the east. 

ABERRATION— Verbs— Continued. 
Swerve. To turn aside from a fixed rule law or custom; to deviate 

from a straight line. 
Tralineate. To stray; to wander. 
Trend. To tend in a different direction ; deviate. 
Turn. Change front; revolve. 

Turn a corner. To go around a comer ; to take a different course. 
Turn aside. To go out of the way; to leave the right path. 
Turn away from. To leave; desert; to take another direction. 
Twist. To turn from its former course. 
Veer. To change direction of a ship as the wind changes. 
Wabble. See Vibration. 

Wander. To rove; to roam; to go about aimlessly. 
Warp. To twist from its proper course. 
Wheel. To turn about; to change direction. 
Wheel about. To take a new direction. 
Yaw. To steer wildly or out of the right course. 

Aberration — Adjectives. 
Aberrant. Wandering from the right course. 
Circuitous. Roundabout; indirect. 
Crablike. Moving sideways. 

Desultory. Jumping from one thing to another, like a circus rider. 
Deviating. Varying. 

Devious. Straying; wandering; leaving the path of rectitude. 
Discursive. Passing from one thing to another ; rambling. 
Errant. Wandering; wayward. 
Erratic. Wandering; rambling in thought. 
Excursive. Roving. 

Indirect. Not straight to the point; round al 
Rambling. Roving; discursive. 
Stray. Straying; irregular. 

Undirected. Not guided; not knowing the way. 
Vagrant. Wandering; erring. 
Zigzag. Going from side to side, at angles. 

Aberration — Adverbs. 
All manner of ways; astray from; circuitously (see Circuitous); 
like the move of a knight on a chessboard; obliquely; sideling; 
to the right about; wide of the mark. 

AIM — Adverbs — Continued. 
Towards. In the direction of. 
Versus. Against. 
Via. By way of. 

Aim — Phrases. 
In a direct line — for, — to, — with; in a line with; in a straight line — 
for, — to, — with; in all directions; in all manner of ways; on the 
road to; on the high road to. 

aimable, jaire V [F.] (e-ma'bl, fer 1'). To do the amiable. 

aimer iperdument [F.] (e-me' e-pcr-du-man*'). To love 
to distraction. Love-Hate. 

aim'-less. Without purpose. Motive-Caprice, Pur- 

air. The atmosphere. Appearance-Disappearance, 
Beginning-End, Chemistry, Heaviness-Light- 
ness, Liquid-Gas, Music, River-Wind, Society- 
Ludicrousness, Substance-Nullity, Water- Air, 
Weariness-Refreshment; beat the air, Useful- 
ness-Uselessness; fill the air, Loudness-Faint- 
ness; fine air, Healthiness-Unhealthiness; fish 
in the air, Usefulness-Uselessness; fowls of the 
air, Fauna-Flora; rend the air, Loudness-Faint- 
ness; take air, Publicity. 

air'-bal-loon" . A balloon for aerial navigation. Con- 

air'-built". Fanciful. Fancy. 

air'-drawn". Imaginary. Fancy. 

air'-gun". A gun fired by compressed air. Weapon. 

air'-ing. Exposure to the air. Traveling-Navigation. 

air'-pipe". Pipe f« ir carrying air. Aperture-Closure, 
Entrance-Exit, Watercourse-Airpipe. 

air'-pump". A pump for exhausting air. River- 

airs. Affectation. Conceit- Diffidence. Presump- 

tion-Obsequiousness, Selfrespect-Humbleness, 

air'-tight". Excluding the air. Aperture-Closure. 

air'-tube". An air pipe. Watercourse-Airpipe. 

air'-ward. Upward. Height-Low n ess. 

air'-y. Visionary. Appearance-Disappearance, Be- 
ginning - End, Consequence - Insignificance, 
Heaviness-Lightness, Lightheartedness-Dejec- 
tion. Liquid-Gas, Music, River-Wind, Socie rv- 
Ludicrousness, Substance-Nullity, Wate r-Air, 
Weariness-Refreshment; airy hopes, Sangi 
ness-Hopelessness; give to airy nothing a local 
habitation and a name, Fancy. 

aisle. A passageway. Aperture-Closure, 1 

ait. A little island. Swamp-Island. 

a-jar'. Slightly opened. Aperture-Closure, Vari- 

a-jee'. Distorted. Parallelism- Inclination. 

aj'-u-tage. A tube or nozzle. Aperture-Closure, 
Wa i krcourse-Airpipe. 

a-kim'-bo. Bent. Angularity; stand akimbo, De- 
fiance . 

a-kin'. Related by blood. Consanguinity. I.ikk- 

al'-a-bas"-ter. A white gypsum. Win n ness-Black- 



a-lack'. Exclamation of sorrow. Jubilation-Lam- 

a-lac'-ri-ty. Willingness. Activity-Indolence, 1. 
heartedness-Dejection, Read 
want of alacrity, Readiness-Reli i iance. 

A-lad'-din's lamp. A magii la DevotioN-Charm. 

a-larm'. Lmntn.ii of fear. Alarm, Sanguineness- 
Timidity, Security-Insecurity, Sign, Warning; 
cause for alarm, Security-Insecurity; give an 
alarm, Alarm, Sign. 


Alarm. Any sound or inforn .. ice of approa 

danger; a call to arms. 
Alarum. An alarming sound. 
Alarm bell. A bell that gives notice i 
Alerte [P.]. Notice of dan 
Beat of drum. A succession of strokes, varied in different ways, to 

give notice of danger. 
Blue lights. A night signal of danger at sea. 
Bugaboo. Anythi: 

Bugbear. S .fear. 

Cry of wolf. A 

Danger signal. A mark or sign that p« intsout some impendii 
False alarm. Unjustified warning. 

arms, consisting of two firebrands in the fashi 

fixed upon as; 
Foghorn. A horn that gives warning of dai 
Fog signal. A contrivance that sounds an alarm, where the 

signals would be hidden in thick weather. 
Headlight. A light in front ol 
Hue and cry. A written proclamation issued on thi i 

from prison, requiring all persons to aid in retaking him. 
Lamm. Alarum. 
Note of alarm. A sound of danger. 
Red flag. A flag of a red color displa) ■ 
Red light. A warning signal of danger. 

Signal of distress. Ai n in clanger for relief. 

Sound of trumpet. A danger signal sounded by a trunijn t. 
Tocsin. A ringing of a bell for the pu larm. 

War cry. A cry or swar. 

War whoop. A war cry, especially that of the American Indian. 
Yellow flag. A quarantine flag; a tl denote 

that an infectious disease is on board. 

Alarm — 1 

Alarm. To give notice of approaching danger. 
Batlrc la ghufrale [F.]. The tattoo; a signal at g 

quarters or tents. 
Beat an alarm, etc. See Nouns. 
Cry wolf. To excite needless alarm. 
Givean alarm. See Nouns. 
Raise an alarm, s - 
Ring the tocsin. See Nouns. 
Sound an alarm. See Nouns. 
Warn, etc. To give notice of approai ■ 


Alarming t etc. See I 

Ala ■ {ion. 

Sauve qui pcu![F.]l Save himself wh 

a-larm'-ing. Peeling fear. Alarm, Security-Inse- 

a-larm'-ist. One who needlessly excites alarm. Bra- 
very-Cowardice, Sa xg u i sen ess-Timidity. 

a-lar'-um. An alarming sound. Alarm, Sign, Warn- 

a-las'. Exclamation of pain or sorrow. Jubilation- 

alb. A priest's garment. Vestments. 

al'-ba. A priest's garment. Vestments. 

al-be'-do. The brightness of a reflecting surface. 

al"-be'-it. Even though. Co ion. 

al"-bi-fi-ca'-tion. Art of whitening. White 


AI"-bi-gen'-sis. An old sect of religious reformers. 

Austerity. Oh -Heterodi 

al-bi'-no. An abnormally white person. Sight-Dim- 

s: .; 
al'-bum. A photograph book. Digest, Mis 

al-bu'-men. The white of .. Organizai 

Inorganiza i [DITY-Foam. 

al-bu'-min-ous. Pertaining to albumen. Viscidity- 

al-ca'-ic. r. Poetry-Prose. 

al-caid'. A jailer. Chief-Underling. 
al-cal'-de. A Spanish ma I nderling. 

al'-che-my. The chemistry of the middle ages. Con- 

ul'-co-hol. 'I'h> ling principle of wines and 

liquors. Teetotalism- Intemperance. 
al"-co-hol'-ic . Pertaining to alcohol. Teetotalism- 

al'-co-hol-ism. A disease produced by alcohol. Tee- 

Al"-co-ran'. The Koran. Revelation-Pseudo- 


al'-cove. A covered recess. Contents-Receiver, 
Con". i l I INCAV1 i y. 

Al-deb'-a-ran. The principal star in the constellation 
Taurus. Luminary-Shade 

al'-der-man. A municipal legislator. Chief-Under- 
ling. Presidi ! ER. 

ale. A b< Nutrimi • i ion. 

alca, jacta est [L] ( "-ta est). The die has 


A-lec'-to. A ins thological goddess, avenger of iniquity. 

a-lec'-tro-man"-cy. Divination by a cock picking up 

ale'-house. A pla< ale is sold. Dweller- 

Habitation; go to the alehouse, Teetotalism-In- 

a-lem'-bic. A distilling apparatus. Contents-Re- 
ceiver, Conversion-Revi rsion, Oven-Refrigera- 
tor, Works! i 

urs [F.] ur'). The grounds around.' 


a-lert'. Watchful. Activity-Indolence, Careful- 

[F.] (a-lert). Take' care. Alarm. 

a-lert'-ness. Watchfulness. Carefulness-Careless- 

a-leu'-ro-man-cy. Divinatioi ;' meal or 

flour. P 

Al '-ex-an'-drine. Pertaining I <!ria. Poetry- 

Prose, Simplicity-Floridni 

a-lex"-i-phar'-mic. Antidotal. Remedy-Bane. 

a-lex"-i-ter'-ic. A preventive against contagion. 

al'-ge-bra. A branch of mathematics. Numbering. 

al"-ge-bra'-ic. Pertaining to algebra. Numbering. 

al'-gid. Chilly. Hi 

al-gol'-o-gy. A branch of botany. Zoology-Botany. 

Al-gon'-kin. One of the Algonkian families of X 
American Indians 

al'-go-rithm. The decimal system of numer. 

al"-gua-zil'. A Spanish constable. Judicature. 
:1, aida in:.' tiene su [Sp.] (oJ-gwa-thil' i 
u'-no ti-cn'-e su). Everybody has his gov. 
Chief-Underling, Rule-License. 

Al"-ham-bra'-ic. Like the Alhambra in style. Archi- 

a'-li-as. Otherwise called. Name-Misnomer. 

al'-i-bi. Elsewhere. Presence-Absence 




a'-lien. Foreign. Alienation, Connection-Inde- 
pendence, Constituent-Alien, Godliness-Dis- 

a'-lien-a-ble. Capable of being alienated. Alienation. 

a'-lien-ate. To cause to turn away. Alienation, 
Amity-Hostility, Love-Hate. 

a'-lien-a"-ted. Estranged. Amity'-Hostility. 

a"-lien-a'-tion. Deprivation of mental power. Alien- 
ation, Amity-Hostility, Love-Hate; mental alien- 
ation, Saneness-Lunacy. 


Abalienation. The transfer of the property title from one to the other. 

Alienation. The act of transference. 

Assignment. A transfer of property by writing. 

Bargain and sale. A species of land conveyance. 

Barter, etc. An exchange of goods. See Exchange. 

Conveyance. The act by which the title to property is transferred. 

Conveyancing. The act of drawing writings for the transference of 

Devise. The transference of the crown or an estate. 

Enfeoffment. The act of giving a fief, or right in land. 

Exchange. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for 
another. See Commutation-Permutation. 

Lease and release. A mode of conveyance of freehold estates form- 
erly common in England and New York. 

Limitation. A settling of an estate by specific rules. 

Substitution. The act of putting one person or tiling in place of 
another. See Commutation. 

Transfer. The act of transferring or state of being transferred. 

Alienation — Associated Nouns. 
Reversion; shifting trust; shifting use; succession. 

Alienation — Verbs. 

Alien. >- To transfer to another. 

Alienate. ) 

Assign. To transfer in behalf of another. 
Change from one to another. 
Change hands. To change owners. 
Come into possession, etc. See Gain. 
Consign. To transfer; commit. 
Convey. To transfer to another. 
Devolve. To transfer; transmit. 
Disinherit. To alienate an inheritance. 
Dispossess. To transfer possession. 
Exchange. To give in return for something. 
Grant, etc. To transfer by deed, etc. See Giving. 
Hand. •) 

Hand down. ,>To transmit as with the hand. 
Hand over. J 

Make over. To transfer the title of. 
Negotiate. To transfer for a valuable consideration. 
Pass. To transfer from one person to another. 
Substitute. To transfer in the place of another person or thing. 
Succeed. To follow, or come immediately after. 
Transfer. To make over to another; to remove from one person or 

place to another. 
Transmit. To hand down ; to transfer. 

Alienation — Adjectives. 

Alienable. Capable of being alienated or transferred. 
Negotiable. That may be negotiated. See Verbs. 

Alienation — Phrase. 

Estate coming into possession. A present right or interest in lands 
not in possession but which may by possibility vest in possession 
in some_future time. 

aliini [F.] (a-li-e-ne'). Mad. Saneness-Lunacy. 

alieni appetens [L.] (e-li-i'-nai ap'-pi-tenz). Greedy of 
other people's possessions Desire-Distaste, Par- 
don-Envy, Unselfishness-Selfishness. 

a-light'. To get down; on fire. Arrival-Departure, 
Ascent-Descent, Heat-Cold, Movement-Rest. 

a-lign'. To form in line. Aim-Aberration. 

a-lign'-ment. Formation in line. Aim-Aberration. 

a-like'. Having resemblance. Likeness-Unlike- 
ness, Synonym-Antonym; share and share alike, 

al'-i-ment. Food. Nutriment-Excretion. 

aT'-i-men'-ta-ry. Nutritious. Nutriment-Excre- 
tion, Remedy-Bane. 

al"-i-men-ta'-tion. Maintenance. Obstruction- 


al'-i-mo-ny. Means of living. Affluence-Penury, 
Outlay'-Income, Property'. 

al'-i-quot. Dividing without a remainder. Number, 

aliter visum diis [L.] (al'-i-ter vai'-sum dai'-is). The 
gods have judged otherwise. Volition-Obliga- 

a-live'. Having life. Activity-Indolence, Life- 
Death, Sagacity-Incapacity; alive to, Enlighten- 
ment-Secrecy, Heed-Disregard, Knowledge-Ig- 
norance, Sensitiveness-Apathy, Skill-Unskil- 
fulness; keep alive, Discontinuance-Continu- 
ance, Life-Death; keep the memory alive, Remem- 
brance-Forgetfulness, Sagacity-Incapacity. 

al'-ka-hest. An imaginary chemical liquid. Elas- 

al'-ka-li. A caustic substance which neutralizes acids. 

all. The entire number; altogether. Entirety-De- 
ficiency, Universality-Particularity', Wholb- 
Part; all absorbing, Consequence-Insignificance; 
all agog, Astonishment-Expectation, Desire- 
Distaste, Expectation-Surprise; all along, Dura- 
tion-Neverness; all along of, Cause-Effect; all at 
once, Eternity-Instantaneity, Hurry-Leisure; 
all but, Magnitude-Smallness; all colors, Varie- 
gation; all considered, Decision-Misjudgment, 
Mind-Imbecility; all day long, Lastingness-Tran- 
sientness; all fours, Difficulty-Facility, Enter- 
tainment-Weariness; all hail, Arrival-Depar- 
ture, Politeness-Impoliteness, Regard-Disre- 
spect, Reputation-Discredit, Solemnization; all 
hands, Universality-Particularity'; all in all, 
Whole-Part; all in good time, Occurrence- 
Destiny - , Opportuneness-Unsuitableness; all in 
one's power, Toil-Relaxation; all manner of, Uni- 
formity -Diversity, LTniformity - Multiformity, 
Variation; all of a heap, Gathering-Scattering; 
all one, Equality-Inequality, Unconcern; all over, 
Beginning-End, Creation-Destruction, Exten- 
sion-Inextension, Universality'-Particularity'; 
all powerful, Divinity, Strength-Weakness; all 
right, Right-Wrong; all searching, Investigation- 
Answer; all sorts, Mixture-Homogeneity, Uni- 
formity - Diversity, Uniformity - Multiformity; 
all talk, Substance-Nullity; all the time, Dura- 
tion-Neverness; all the world and his wife, Univer- 
sality-Particularity; all things to all men, Polite- 
ness-Impoliteness; all together, Whole-Part; all 
ways, Aim-Aberration, Proportion-Deformity; 
at all events, Compensation, Determination- 
Vacillation, Modification, Truth-Error; at all 
points, Entirety-Deficiency; at all times, Fre- 
quency-Rarity; in all ages, Eternity-Instan- 
taneity; in all directions, Aim-Aberration; in all 
quarters, Extension-Inextension; in all respects, 
Entirety-Deficiency, Truth-Error; of all work, 
Chief-Underling, Usefulness-Uselessness; on all 
hands, Assent-Dissent; on all sides, Environment- 
Interposition; with all one's might, Toil-Relaxa- 
tion; with all respect, Regard-Disrespect. 

Al'-lah. God. Jove-Fiend. 

al-lay 7 . To relieve. Alleviation-Aggravation. 
Fighting-Conciliation, Turbulence-Calmness; 
allay excitability, Excitability-Inexcitability. 

al"-lec-ta'-tion. An enticing. Motive-Caprice. 




al-lect'-ive. Enticing. Motive-Capri* i 
al"-le-ga'-tion. The act of alleging. Assbrtxon-De- 

nial, Pretext. 
al-lege'. To assert to be true. Assertion-Denial, 


al-le'-giance. Obligation of fidelity. Duty-IJi rblxi - 

tion, Insubordination-Obedience. 
al"-le-gor'-ic-al. Figurative, Rhetoric, Trope. 
al'-le-go-rize. To use an allegory. Trope. 
al'-le-go-ry. A figurative description. Comparison, 

Rhetoric, Trope. 
allegresse [F.] (al-e-gres'). Light-heart edn ess. Ln 

heartedn ess-Dejection. 

allegretto [It.] (al-le-gret'-toj. Slower than allegro. 

allegro [It.] (al-le'-gro). Lively; brisk time. LlGBT- 

heartedn ess- Dejection, Music. 
al"-le-lu'-jah. Shout of praise. Devotion-Idolatry. 
allemandc [Y .] (al-mcurd'). A German dance. Enter- 


aller a tdtons [F.] (o-K-' ata-torr'). To go a groping. 

al-le'-vi-ate. To relieve. Alleviation-Aggravation, 


al-le"-vi-a'-tion. Partial relief. Alleviation-Aggra- 
vation, Turbulence-Calmness. 


Alleviation, etc. That which lessens pain or burdens. See Verbs* 
Comfort. Relief from sorrow or distress. 
Consolation. The lessening of unhappiness. See I erbs 
Deliverance. Release. 

Encouragement, etc. Inspiration of heart, etc. See Verbs. 
Mitigation. The act or process of mitigating. See Verbs, 
Refreshment. Restoration of vigor. 

Relief. The partial removal of any physical or mental want or dis- 
Softening. See Verbs. 

Solace. Comfort given in time of trouble or anxiety. 
Soothing. See Verbs, 

Alleviation — Nouns of Cause. 

Cushion. A bag of soft elastic material used 1" sit or lie on. 

Easement. That which gives ease or relief. 

Lenitive. Anything that allays passion or relieves pain. 

Lullaby. A song sung to lull babes to rest. 

Palliative. That which eases without curing. 

Restorative. Anything which restores the health and vigor. 

Alleviation — Figurative Expression. 

Crumbs of comfort. 

Alleviation — Verbs. 

Allay. To relieve the intensity of, as a fever. 

Alleviate. Literally, to lighten the burden of; to make easier, as 

pain or suffering. 
Assuage. To calm that which is violent, as the feelings. 
Bear up. To keep up the strength and spirits of. 
Be relieved, etc. See Relieve. 

Breathe more freely. To be less excited or in less distress. 
Cheer. To comfort or encourage. 
Cheer the heart. See Cheer. 
Comfort. To give cheer and encouragement in time of trouble or 

Console. To give sympathy in time of great sorrow or grit 
Cure. To restore to health and soundness. 
Disburden. To remove the burden; to alleviate. 
Draw a long breath. To take a sigh of relief. 

t> .. . f To comfort until the tears cease to flow. 

Dry the tears. ) 

Ease. To render relief. 

Encourage. To give hope and encourage; to cheer. 

Foment. To relieve by treating with hot water or poult i. i 

Give comfort. See Nouns. 

Gladden the heart. To cheer and encourage. 

Lay the flattering unction to one's soul. To cheer the mind by wi irds 

of comfort and encouragement. 
Mitigate. To alleviate. 

Palliate. To try to extenuate or partially excuse by artful means. 
Pat on the back. To encourage. 
Poultice. To relieve by treating with poultices. 
Pour balm into. To relieve by soothing medicine or comforting 

Pour oil on. To allay excitement or pain. 
Refresh. To give new vigor or strength. 

Relieve. To free wholly or in part from any trouble or distress. 
Remedy. To remove any disorder. 
Salve. To ease; to give temporary relief. 
Set at ease. Make comfortable. 
Smooth the ruffled brow of care. To quiet the mind disturbed by 

anxiety and trouble. 
Soften. \„ ... . 

Soften down.f Tomitl S ate - 

Aggravation. The act of making worse. 

Exacerbation. Increased severity or violence of a disease. 

Exaggeration. The act of carrying beyond reasonable bounds. 

Exasperation. State of provocation with unrestrained anger. 

Heightening. Intensifying. 

Overestimation. Act of valuing too highly. 

Aggravation — Verbs. 

Acerbate. To embitter; to irritate. 

Add fuel to the fire. \ To give additional cause, as of provocation 

Add fuel to the flame./ in anger. 

Aggravate. To make worse; used only of that which is alread d, 

as a fever or anger. 
Embitter. To intensify or make worse what is already bad, as a 

Envenom. T ith venom; to render hostile or bitter. 

Exacerbate. To intensify what has already been rendered ■ 01 

Exasperate. To make exceedingly angry. 
Fan the flame. To increase the intensity of by giving additional 

Go from bad to worse. Intensify what is bad. 
Heighten. To intensify or increase; used both of good and bad 

Render worse. To make worse. 
Sour. To make morose and disagreeable. 

RAVATlON — Adjectives. 
Aggravable. -ale. 

Aggravated, et l-. See Verbs. 

Aggravating, etc. Annoying; causing irritation, etc. See Verbs. 
Unrelieved. Without relief; no better. 
Worse. More evil. 

AGGRAV A TION — .4 dirrbs. 

From bad to worse. From evil to a more evil state. 
Out of the frying-pan into the fire. Usually said of one who, in try- 
ing to better his condition, gets into a worse one. 
Worse and worse. Continuing to go from bad to v. 

Aggravation — Interjections. 

So much the worse ! 

ALLEVIATION— Verbs— Continued, 

Stupe. To foment. 

Take comfort. To be i omfi rted. 

Take off a load of care. To relieve the mind of something that 

Temper the wind to the shorn Iamb. To prevent troubles from be- 
coming too y 

Wipe the eyes. ) ™ , - . 

„.. ... ; I o console or comlort. 

Wipe the tears. I 

Alleviation — Adjectives. 

Anodyne. Having the power of allaying pain. 
Assuaging. See Verbs. 
Assuasive. Tending to soothe. 
Balmy. Refreshing or healing like balm. 
Balsamic. Soothing like balsam. 
Consolatory. Inclined to give comfort. 
Curative. Possessing the power to cure. 
Lenitive. Tending to allay i >r relieve. 
Palliative. Giving temporary relief. 
Soothing. Tending to quiet and calm. 




al'-ley. A passageway. Aperture-Closure, City- 
Country, Dweller-Habitation, Way. 

al-li'-ance. Combination or union. Antagonism- 
Concurrence, Association, Connection-Inde- 
pendence, Cooperation-Opposition, Relation- 
ship, Variance-Accord. 

al-lied'. United. Allied to, Connection-Independ- 
ence, Likeness-Unlikeness, Relationship, Vari- 

al"-li-ga'-tion. Act of tying together. Union-Dis- 

al-lign'. To form in line. Aim-Aberration. 

al-lign'-ment. Formation in a line. Aim-Aberration. 

al-lit"-er-a'-tion. Successive recurrence of the same 
initial sound or letter. Likeness-Unlikeness, Sim- 

al-lit'-er-a-tive. Marked by alliteration. Simplicity- 

all'-ness. Completeness. Entirety-Deficiency. 

al"-lo-ca'-tion. Apportionment. Organization-Dis- 

al"-lo-cu'-tion. A formal address. Address-Re- 
sponse, Speech-Inarticulateness. 

al-lo'-di-al . Absolutely owned. Liberty-Subjection, 

al-lo'-di-um . Estate in lands held in fee simple. 
Liberty-Subjection, Property. 

al-lop'-a-thy. A system of medical treatment. Remedy- 

al'-lo-quy. Act of speaking to another. Address- 

al-lot'. To distribute by authority. Assignment, 
Organization- Disorganization, Dueness-L t ndue- 

al-lot'-ment. Distribution. Assignment, Organiza- 

al-low'. To permit. Assent-Dissent, Consent, Ex- 
posure-Hidingplace, Giving-Receiving, Leave- 
Prohibition, Modification, Price-Discount; allow 
to have one's own way, Harshness-Mildness, Par- 
don-Vindictive n ess. 

al-low'-a-ble . Permissible. Dueness-Undueness, 
Giving-Receiving, Leave-Prohibition. 

al-low'-ance . A portion or am* nun granted. Assign- 
it, Giving-Receiving, Modification, Price- 
D ' m:nt, Recompense-Punition; make allowance 
for, Evidence-Counterevidence, Justification- 
Charge, Pardon-Vindictiveness; with grains of 
allowance, Faith-Misgiving, Modification. 

a'-lowed'. Permitted. Dueness-Undueness, Giving- 

al-loy'. Compound of metals; reduce the p\irity of. 
Betterment-Deterioration, Chemistry, Mixture- 

al-loy'-age. The act of alloying. Mixture-Homo- 

all'-si"-ded. De eloped in every direction Entirety- 

al-lude'. To refer to indirectly. Eni ightenment- 
Secrecy, Hypothesis, Manifi -Latency, 

Meaning-Jargon, Troj 

al-lure'. To attract. Desire-Distaste, Motive- 
Caprice, Pleasurabi eni Pai .. 

al-lure'-ment. Enticement. Desir 

al-lur'-ing. Tempting. Pleasurablj Painful- 

al-lu'-sion. A suggestion. Ambiguity, Meaning- 
Jargon, Manifestation-Secri I 

al-lu'-sive. Suggestive. Ambiguity, riON- 

Indepen Meaning-Jargon, Manifi itation- 

Bei recy, Tk 

al-lu'-vi-al. Of earthy material 

Erectness-Flatni G i l'i .i.' 0' ' A '-.-[. 

al-Iu'-vi-on. Flood deposits. Land, 

al-lu'-vi-um. Deposits of earthy matter in rivers. 
Cleanness- Filthiness, Increment- Remnant, 

al-ly'. A friendly associate. Antagonist-Assistant, 
Friend-Foe, Obstruction-Help. 

al'-ma ma'-ter. Institution where one has been edu- 
cated. School. 

al'-ma-nac. Calendar of days, weeks, months, etc. 
Chronology-Anachronism. Mark-Obliteration. 

al'-ma-nack. Calendar. Mark-Obliteration. 

al-might'-i-ness. All powerful. Might-Impotence. 

al-might'-y. Boundless in power. Might-Impo- 

Al-might'-y. God. The Almighty. Divinity. 

al'-mon-er. Official dispenser of alms. Ministry- 
Laity, Treasurer. 

al'-most. Very nearly. Faultlessness-Faultiness, 
Magnitude-Smallness; almost all, Whole-Part; 
almost immediately, Earliness-Lateness. 

alms. Charitable offerings. Charitableness-Ma- 
levolence, Devotion-Idolatry, Giving-Receivi ng. 

alms'-giv"-ing. Charity. Giving-Receiving. 

alms'-man. One supported by charity. Giving-Re- 

al"-mu-can'-tar. A parallel of altitude. Astronomy. 

Al-nas'-char. A character in the Arabian Nights. 
Alnaschar's dream, Fancy, Sanguineness-Hope- 

al'-oes. A medicine of bitter taste. I'alatableness- 

a-loft'. Above. Heigiit-Lowness. 

al'-o-gy. Sensi 1- ssness. Adage-Nonsense. 

a-lone'. Apart from others. Obstruction-Help, 
Solitude-Company; let alone, Addition 
tion, Completion-Noncompletion, Convention- 
ality - Unconventionality, Liberty - Subjection, 
Quest-Evasion, Use-Disuse. 

a-long'. Onward; in company. Along of, Cause- 
Effect; along with, Addition-Subtraction, In- 
strumentality, Solitude-Company; get along, Ad- 
vance-Retrogression, Movement-Rest; go along, 
Admission-Expulsion, Arrival-Departure; go 
along with, Antagonism-Concurrence, Assent- 
Dissent, Cooperation-Opposition. 

a-long'-side. Close to the side. Laterality-Contra- 
position, Parallelism-Inclination, Remoteness- 

a-loof. At a distance. Height-Lowness, Remote- 
ness-Nearness, Sociability-Privacy: stand aloof, 
Activity-Indolence, Proffer-Refusal, Ri 

a-loud'. Noisy. Loudness-Faintness: think aloud, 
Conversation-Monologue, Craft-Artle ssness. 

al '-pen-stock". A long, pointed staff for mountain 
climbing. Suspension-Support. 

al'-pha. The first letter in the Greek alphabet. Be- 
ginning-End; alpha and omega, Whole-Part. 

al'-pha-bet. A series of symbols indicating sou 
Beginning-End, Letter. 

al"-pha-bet-a'-ri-an. One learning the alphabet. In- 

al"-pha-bet'-ic-al. Relating to the alphabet. Letter. 

al-phit'-o-man"-cy. Divination with barley-meal. 

Al'-pine. Pertaining to the Alps. Height-Lowness. 

Al'-pine Club. Organization of mountain-climbers. 
Ascent-Desci \i. Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

Alps. Lofty mountains of Europe. Height-Low 

al-read'-y. Bi forehand Antei i dj 

i : rURE-PAS I 

Al-sa'-tian. Pertaining i i Al atia; an adventurer. 

Thki i . VlR ii i -Vn 
Al-sa'-ti-an den. Debtor's den. Virti e-Vice. 
al'-so. In addition, Addition-Subtraction. 




al'-tar. A place devoted to prayer. Fane, Matri- 

al'-ter. To change. Mutation-Permanence; alter 
one's course, Aim- Aberration; alter the case, Evi- 


al'-ter-a-ble. Capable of being changed. Mutability- 

alteram partem, audire [L.] (al'-ter-am par' 
au-dai'-ri). To hear the other side Evidi 


al'-ter-ant. Any medicine that changes Remedy- 

al'-ter-a-tive. Tending to change. Commutation- 
Permutation, Remedy-Bane. 

al"-ter-ca'-tion. A quarrel. Variance-Accord. 

nl'-tered. Changed. Beti erment-Deterioration, 
Weariness-Refreshment; altered for the worse, 

Bettermi.n I '-] >E II. Kl ORATION. 

a!. ;r ego [L.] (al'-ter i'-go). A second self. Ani igo- 
ness, Representative, Sameness-Contrast. 

al-ter-nate. To do by turns; one acting in place of 
another. Continuity-Interruption, Determina- 
tion-Vacillation, Interdependence, Mutability- 
Stability, Periodicity-Irregularity, Pi 
dence-Succession, Vibration. 

al-ter'-nate-ly. In alternation. Periodicity-Irregu- 

al'-ter-nate"-ness. State of being alternate. Perio- 

al'-ter-na"-ting. Changing. Determination-Vacil- 
lation, Mutability-Stability. 

al"-ter-na'-tion. Occurrence m turn; pei 
Continuity- Interruption, Conversion-R] 
sion, Deviation, Mutability-Stability, Perio- 
dicity-Irregularity, Vibration. 

al-ter'-na-tive . Somethingthat may be chosen or d me 
instead of something else. Choice-Neutrality, 
Commutation- Perm uta hon, Design, Mu i a iton- 

al-ter'-na-tive"-ness. State of being alternative. Pe- 

al-ter'-ni-ty. Counterchange of vowel ;. Periodicity- 

al-though'. Granting that. Compensation, Cooper- 
ation-Opposition, Modification. 

al-til'-o-quence. Bombast. Simplicity-Floridni 

al-til'-o-quent. Bombastic. Simplicity-Floridness. 

al-tim'-e-try. Measurement of elevation. Angular- 
ity, Height-Lowness, Mensuration. 

al'-ti-tude. Elevation above. Height-Low 
altitude and azimuth, Mensuration. 

al'-to. The lowest female voice. Cacophany. 

al"-to-geth'-er. Entirely. Entirety-Deficiency, 

alto-Hlievo [It.] (al"-to-ri-lye'-vo). Carved work in 
which the carving stands out very prominently. 
Convexity-Concavity - , Sculpture. 

al'-tru-ism. Devotion to the interest of others. 

al'-um. A chemical compound. Sweetness-Acidity. 

a-lum'-nus. A graduate. Instructor-Pupil. 

al'-ve-o-lar. Full of cells. Convexity-Concavity. 

al-ve'-o-lus. A small cavity or socket. Convexity- 

al'-ways. Through all time. Duration-Neverness, 
Eternity-Instant aneity, Habit-Desuetude. Uni- 
formity-Diversity, Universality-Particularity. 

A.M. Ante Meridiem; before noon. Morning-Eve- 

am"-a-bil'-i-ty. Amiability; lovableness. Pleasur- 
ableness-Pa in fulness, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

a-main'. With full strength: quickly. Hurry-Lei- 
sure, Turbulence-Calmness. 

a-mal'-gam. An alloy of mercury with a metal. Com- 
position-Resolution, Mixture-Homogeneity. 

a-mal'-ga-mate. To unite a metal in an alloy with 
mercury. Composition-Resolution, Mixture- 

I [l >Ml >< rENEITY. 

a-mal"-ga-ma'-tion. A union. Composition-Resolu- 

Am"-al-thae'-a. The nurse of Zeus. Amalthaea's horn, 

amantes, amentes [LJ (a-man'-tiz, a-men'-tiz). Lovers, 
lunatics. Love-Hate. 

amantium irte [L,] (a-man'-sbi-vm ai'-ri). Lovers' 

a-man"-u-en'-sis. A secretary. Recorder, Writing- 

am"-a-ran'-thine. Unfading, like thi amaranth flower. 


amari aliquid [L.] (a-me'-rai al'-i-quid). To love the 
other thing. Faultlessne Fai ltine G 
ness- Badness. Pleasurableness-Painfulness. 

a-mar'-i-tude. Bitterness. Sweetness-Acidity. 

a-mass'. To collei I a real quantity of. Gathering- 
Scattering, Store, Whole-Part. 

am"-a-teur'. One who does for the love of doing. 
Dl ire-Distaste, Taste-Vulgarity. 

am'-a-tive-ness. Sexuality. Moderation-Selfin- 


am'-a-to-ry. Designed!- love. Love-Hate. 

am"-au-ro'-sis. Loss of sight. Sight-Blindn 

a-maze'. To bewilder with surprise. Astonish-: 

a-ma'-zed-ness. Astonishment. Astonishment-Ex- 

a-maze'-ment. Wi inishment-Expectance. 

a-ma'-zing-ly. Wonderfully. Magni ude-Smallness 

Am'-a-zon. A race of female warriors. Belligerent. 

am-ba'-ges. A winding path; ambiguity. Cir 
Winding, Midcourse-Circuit, Terseness-Prolix- 

am-ba'-gious. Characterized by roundabout methods. 
Ti R sen ess- Prolixity. 

am-bas'-sa-dor. A person of the highest diplomatic 
rank. C Messenger. 

am'-ber. A I resin. Pulpiness- 

■;; amber-color, '. i -Purple. 

am'-ber-gris. A gray, waxy matter. Pulpiness-Oil. 

am"-bi-dex'-ter. Oi ually 

well; a double-dealer. Bigotry-Apostasy, Right- 
Left, Skill-Unskilfulness. 

am"-bi-dex-ter'-ity. Duplicity. Skill-L'nskilful- 

am"-bi-dex'-tral. Ambidextrous. Right-Left. 

am"-bi-dex'-trous. Double-dealing. Bigotry-Apos- 

am"-bi-dex'-trous-ness. Duplicity. Skill-Unskilful- 

am'-bi-ent. Anything that encompasses. Environ- 


\u [P.] (cuv-bi-gu'). A feast. Mixture-Homo- 


fL.] (am-big'-yu-as spor'-ge- 
ri vo'-sizj. To spread doubtful rumors. Certainty- 
Doubt, Conversation-Monologue, Craft-Art- 
lessness. Truth fulness- False hood. 
am"-bi-gu'-i-ty. The quality of being obscure or 
uncertain. Ambiguity. Certainty-Doubt, Clear- 
ness-Obscurity. Perspicuity-Obscurity. 


Ambiguity. Obscurity of meaning. 

Ambiloquy. Doubtful language. 

Amphibology. 1 . Double meaning arising from a doubtful construc- 

Amphiboly. J tion in the sentence. 




Double entendre [F.]. Double meaning. 
Double meaning. Doubtfulness of expression. 

Equivocalness. I Uncertainty of meaning arising from a doubtful 
Equivocation. J meaning of an expression. 
Equivoque [P.]- Equivocation. 

Homonymy. The state of having sameness of sound and difference 
of meaning. 

Ambiguity — Denotations. 

Anagram. An expression formed from the letters of another expres- 

Calembour [F.1. Pun. 

Conundrum. A riddle in which some fancied likeness between 
things is to be found. See Mystery. 

Homonym. A word having the same sound as another, but a differ- 
ent meaning. 

Paragram. A pun. 

Purl. Use of word of two meanings. 

Quibble. Tricky avoidance of the real meaning of a word. 

Sphinx. A person who uses ambiguous language. [Greek myth.] 

Ambiguity — Associated Words. 

Delphic oracle, a famous Greek oracle brought into disrepute by the 
ambiguity of its declarations on several important occasions ; 
mental reservation, a reservation unexpressed; sphinx, a myth- 
ological monster, a mysterious person; white lie, an unimportant 
lie ; word-play, the application of various meanings to words. 

Ambiguity — Verbs. 
Be equivocal. See Adjectives. 
Equivocate, etc. To use expressions from which two meanings may 

be taken, etc. See Truthfulness-Falsehood. 
Have two meanings. See Meaning. 

Ambiguity — Adjectives. 
Ambiguous. Obscure in meaning. 
Amphibolous. Pertaining to amphiboly. 
Double-tongued. Lying. 

Equivocal. Having two meanings, each of which may be taken. 
Homonymous. Similar in sound, but different in meaning. 

am-big'-u-ous. Obscure in meaning. Ambiguity, 
Certainty-Doubt, Clearness-Obscurity, Perspi- 

am-bil'-o-quy. Use of ambiguous language. Ambi- 

am'-bit. A boundary. Outline. 

am-bi'-tion. Inordinate desire for anything. Desire- 
Distaste, Purpose-Luck. 

am-bi'-tious. Eager. Desire-Distaste. 

am'-ble. To walk with a careless pace. Swiftness- 
Slowness, Traveling-Navigation. 

am'-bo. The pulpit of the early church. Fane, 

umbo [L.] (am'-bo). Both. Arcades ambo [L.] (Ar-kc'- 
diz am'-bo). Both Arcadians. Friend-Foe, Good 
Man-Bad Man, Likeness-Unlikeness. 

am-bro'-sia. The food of the gods. Nutriment- 
Excretion, Palatableness-Unpalatableness. 

am-bro'-sial. Divinely sweet. Palatableness-Un- 
palatableness, Perfume-Stench. 

am'-bu-lance . A wagon for conveying the sick. Con- 
veyance-Vessel, Remedy-Bane. 

am"-bu-la'-tion. Act of walking about. Traveling- 

am'-bu-la-to-ry. Pertaining to walking. Travelinc- 

am"-bus-cade'. A hiding-place. Disclosure-Hiding- 

am'-bush. A concealed place; to waylay. Disclosure- 
Hidingplace, Refuge-Pitfall, Truthfulness- 
Fraud; lie in ambush, Enlightenment-Secrecy. 

am-bus'-tion. A burn or scald. Heating-Cooling. 

&me [F.] (am). Soul. Ante damnce [F.] (am da-ne'), 

a hireling; Antagonist-Assistant, Chief-Under- 
ling, Good Man-Bad Man, Presumption-Obse- 
quiousness, time de bone [F.] (am de bu), a base 
soul; Good Man-Bad Man. dme qui vive [F.] (am 
ki viv), a living soul; Plurality-Zero, Presence- 

a-meer'. The ruler of Afghanistan. Gentility-De- 

a-me'-lio-rate . To make more endurable. Better- 

a-me"-lio-ra'-tion. Betterment. Betterment-Dete- 

a"-men'. So be it. Assent-Dissent, Contentednes ;s- 
Dicontentment, Yielding. 

a-me'-na-ble. Liable to be called to account. Duty- 

a-mend'. To change for the better. Bettermixt- 

amende honorable [F.] (a-man'd' o-no-rabl'). Public 
penance. Atonement. 

a-mend'-ment. Change for the better. Betterment- 
Deterioration, President-Member. 

a-mends'. Satisfaction. Atonement, Compensation, 

a-men'-i-ty. Agreeableness. Pleasurableness-Pain- 
fulness, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

a-men'-ti-a. Idiocy. Saneness-Lunacy. 

a-merce'. To punish by a fine. Recompense-Penalty. 

A-mer'-i-ca. A national hymn of the United States. 

A-mer'-i-can-Ea'-gle. The national emblem of the 
United States. Patriotism-Treason. 

A-mer'-i-can-ism. Peculiar to the United States. 

am'-e-thyst . A variety of quartz of purple color. 
Embellishment- Disfigurement, Yellowness- 

a"-mi-a-bir-i-ty. Lovableness. Charitableness-Ma- 
levolence, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

a'-mi-a-ble. Lovable. Charitableness-Malevo- 
lence, Love-Hate, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

am'-i-ca-ble. Peaceable. Amity-Hostility, Obstruc- 

am'-i-ca-bly. Friendly. Amity-Hostility. 

am'-i-cal. Friendly. Amity-Hostility. 

am'-ice. A monk's hood and cape. Vestments. 

amici probantur rebus adversis [L.] (a-mai'-sai pro-ban'- 
tur ri'-bus ad-ver'-sis) . Friends are tested by adver- 
sity. Friend-Foe, Welfare-Misfortixi:. 

amicus [L.] (a-mai'-cus) , a friend. Amicus curias 
[L.] (a-mai'-cus kiu'-ri-i) , an adviser without per- 
sonal interest in the case, Enlightenment-Secrecy ; 
amicus humani generis [L.] (a-mai'-cus hiu-me'-nai 
jen'-e-ris), a friend of the human race, Humanita- 
rianism-Misanthropy; amicus usque ad aras [L.] 
(a-mai'-cus us'-qui ad e'-ras), a friend even to the 
altars, Friend-Foe. 

a-mid'. In the midst of. Mixture-Homogeneity. 

a-midst'. In the center of. Environment-Inter- 
position, Mixture-Homogeneity. 

a-miss'. Out of order; fault} - . Good-Evil; come 
amiss, Harmony-Discord, Opportuneness-Unsuit- 
ableness, Propriety-Impropriety; do amiss, Vir- 
tue-Vice; go amiss, Success-Failure; nothing 
comes amiss, Contentedness-Discontentment, 
Sensitiveness-Apathy; take amiss, Desire-Dis- 
taste, Favorite-Anger. 

am'-i-ty. Friendly or peaceful relations. Amity- 
Hostility, Strife-Peace, Variance-Accord. 


Acquaintance. Knowledge of a person resulting from 

Affection, etc. Strong and tender attachment See Love. 

personal Alienation. The act of estranging. 

Animosity, etc. Active and vehement ill-will. 

See Favorite- 





Amity. Mutual good-will. 

Ardent friendship. Strong and warm brotherly f< 

Bosom friendship. Deep-seated and intimate friendship. 

Brotherhood. Close and indestructible friendship, as that of 

Confraternity. Brotherhood in a religious sense. 

Cordial friendship. Hearty friendship. 

Cordiality. Warmth of feeling. 

Devoted friendship. Zealous and ardent friendship. 

Entente cordial [FJ. A cordial understanding. 

Familiar friendship. Intimate friendship. 

Familiarity. _ The state of knowing well from long acquaintani e. 

Fast friendship. Strong and lasting friendship. 

Favoritism. Unjustifiable preference for one person over another. 

Fellow-feeling. The quality of sharing another's emotions. 

Fellowship. Friendly intercourse. 
Firm friendship. Steadfast and enduring friendship. 
Fraternity. The proper affection of brothers f. ir eai h other. 
Fraternization. The act of bringing into brotherly relations. 
Friendliness. The state of regarding others with favor. 
Friendship. Attachment resulting from mutual resp. I 
Good understanding. Friendly relations. 
Good-will, etc. Kindly feeling. See Charitauleness. 
Harmony, etc. Agreement in sentiment and feeling. See Accord. 
Intercourse. Connection by friendly dealings. 
Intimacy. Close or confidential friendship. 
Intimate friendship. Close or confidential friendship. 
Introduction. The act of causing to become acquainted. 
Knowledge of. Acquaintance with. 
Lasting friendship. Enduring friendship. 

Peace, etc. A state of unity of feeling or interest. See Strife- 
Rapprochement [FJ. The act of restoring to friendship. 
Response. A sympathetic action. 
Sincere friendship. True friendship. 

Sodality. A fellowship for devotional or charitable purposes. 
Stanch friendship. Faithful friendship. 
Sympathy. Feeling corresponding to what another feels. 
Tried friendship. Friendship which has been put to the test and 

stood it. 
Warm friendship. Earnest and fervent friendship. 
Welcomeness. The state of being gladly received. 

Amity — IV;' . 

Be acquainted with, etc. See Adjectives. 
Bear good-will, etc. See Charitableness. 
Become friendly, etc. See Adjectives. 

Befriend. To aid in a friendly way. See Obstruction-Help. 
Be friendly, etc. See Adjectives. 
Be friends, etc. See Friend. 
Be introduced to. To become acquainted with. 
Break the ice. To open the way to acquaintanceship. 
Embrace. To hug. 

Extend the right hand of fellowship.) -, , c . . .. 
Extend the right hand of friendship. I Profcss >" en dship. 
Fraternize. To bring into brotherly relations. 
Gain the friendship of. Become a friend. 
Get into favor. Become a favorite. 
Have a leaning to. To favor somewhat. 
Have dealings with. Be associated with. 
Have the ear of. To have the favorable attention of. 
Hold communication with. Have intercourse with. 
Hold out the right hand of fellowship. 
Hold out the right hand of friendship. 
Introduce to. To make acquainted with. 
Keep company with, etc. See Sociability. 
Know. To be acquainted with. 

Love. To regard with strong and tender affection. See Love. 
Make acquaintance with. Become acquainted. 
Make friends with, etc. See Friend. 
Make much of. To regard highly. 

Meet half-way. To concede something in becoming conciliated. 
Pick acquaintance with. To seek to become friendly. 
Receive with open arms. To receive with affection. 
Scrape acquaintance with. To intrude oneself into a person's ac- 
Set one's horses together. To fraternize. 
Shake hands with. Give hands as a salute. 
Sympathize with. To share the feelings of another. 
Take in good part. To receive in a friendly manner. 
Throw oneself into the arms of. Become very intimate readily. 

Discord, etc. Variance or strife, etc. See Variance. 

Dislike, etc. A slight degree of hatred. See Desire-Distaste. 

Enmity. The state of cherishing resentment towards another. 

Estrangement. The act of turning from friendliness to hostility. 

Hate, etc. Intense dislike combined with ill-will. See Lovb-Hatb 

Heartburning. Secret hate. 

Hostility. The state of being actively inimical. 

Malevolence, etc. The state of having an evil disposition toward* 
others, etc. Sec Charitableness-Malevolence. 

Unfriendliness, etc. Sec Adjectives. 

Hostility— Verbs. 
Alienate. To withdraw love or affection from. 

Bear malice, etc. To have a disposition to injure. See Charitable- 
Be inimical, etc. See Adjectives. 

Estrange. To be or become less intimate in friendship. 
Fall out. To become hostile from a disagreement. 
Harden the heart. To become indifferent in friendship to another. 
Hold at arm's length. 1 .,. , , , . „ 

Keep at arm's length. I Not t0 '"' v< r >' ln '"^V with. 
Take umbrage, etc. To feel injured because of envy. See Favor- 

Hostility — Adjectives. 
Alienated. Having love or affection withdrawn from. 
At daggers drawn. At enmity with each other. 
At enmity. Cherishing resentment. 
At open war with. Hostile to. 
At variance. Disagreeing in opinion. 
Cold-hearted. Lacking sympathy. 
Cool. Lacking cordiality. 
Disaffected. Filled with discontent. 
Estranged. On less intimate terms than formerly. 
Hostile. Actively inimical. 
In bad odor with. Out of favor with. 
Inimical. Hating others. 

Irreconcilable. Not to be recalled from a state of hostility. 
Not on speaking terms. Not friendly. 
On bad terms. Unfriendly. 
Unfriendly. Not kind or favorable. 
Up in arms against. Actively hi stile to. 

AMITY — Continued. 

Amity' — A djectives. 
Acquainted. Familiar or conversant with. 
Amicable. Showing good-will. 
Amical. Of or pertaining to friends. 
At home with. Intimate. 

Brotherly. Showing friendship like brothers. 
Cordial. Having warmth of heart or feeling. 
Familiar. Well acquainted. 

Fraternal. Friendly ; in a manner befitting a brother. 
Free and easy. Friendly without formality. 
Friends with. Wry friendly. 

Hail fellow well met. On very familiar or cordial terms. 
Hand and glove. Very intimate. 
Hand in hand with. Closely associated. 
Hearty. Proceeding from the heart. 
In one's good books. 1 ., , . 

In one's good graces. > Favored b V someone. 
Intimate. Closely connected by friendship. 
Neighborly. Disposed to be sociable. 

On amicable-footing, — terms. On a mutual footing of good-will. 
On familiar-footing, — terms. On terms of familiarity. See Familiar. 
On friendly-footing, — terms. On terms befitting friend:- 
On good-footing, — terms. On a favorable footing. 
On intimate-footing, — terms. On terms of close companionship. 
On speaking terms. Friendly enough to speak. 
On visiting terms. Friendly enough to interchange visits. 
Sympathetic. Having a fellow-feeling for another. 
Thick. Closely associated. 
Unhostile. Not unfriendly. 
Warm-hearted. Sympathetic and cordial. 
Welcome. Received in a friendly manner. 
Well-affected. Influenced in a pood manner. 
Well at home. Thoroughly familiar. 
Well with. On good terms. 

Amity — Adverbs. 
Amicably, etc. See Adjectives. 
Arm in arm. In an intimate manner. 

Sans c4r4monie [F.]. Without ceremony; in a sociable manner. 
With open arms. Cordially. 




am-mo'-ni-um. A volatile alkali. Chemistry. 

amor [L] (e'-mor). Love. Love-Hate. amor 
nummi [L.] (e'-mor num'mai), love of the dollar, 
Extravagance-Avarice; amor patriot [L.] (e'-mor 
pe'-tri-i), love of country. Humanitarianism- 
Misanthropv. Patriotism-Treason; duett amor 
patriot [L.] (du'-sit e'-mor pe'-tri-i), love of coun- 
try leads me, Humanitarianism-Misanthropy; 
omnia vincit amor [L.] (om'-ni-a vin'-sit e'-mor), 
love conquers all things, Love-Hate, Success- 
Failure; vincet amor patriot [L] (vin'-set e'-mor 
pe'-tri-i), love of country will conquer, Humani- 

amore [It.] (a-mo'-re). Love. Con amorc [It.] (con 
a-mo'-re), with love, Emotion, Love-Hate. 

am"-mu-ni'-tion. Anything used in the discharge of 
firearms. Materials, Weapon. 

am'-nes-ty. An act of pardon. Fighting-Concilia- 
tion, Pardon-Vindictiveness. 

amnis [L.] (am'-nis). River. Rusticus expectat dum 
amnis defluat [L.] (rus'-ti-cus ex-pec'-tat dum am'-nis 
def'-lu-at) . The rustic waits for the river to flow by. 
Sanguin en ess-Hopelessness. 

a-mong'. In the midst of. Environment-Inter- 
position, Mixture-Homogeneity. 

a-mongst'. In the midst of. Environment-Inter- 
position, Mixture-Homogeneity. 

amoroso [It.] (a-mo-ro'-so) . Tender. Acting, Love- 

am'-o-rous. Ardent in affection. Love-Hate. 

a-mor'-phism. Quality of being without shape. Form- 

a-mor'-phous. Unshapen. Conventionality-Uncon 


a-mor"-ti-za'-tion. Giving of lands to a corporation. 

a-mo'-tion. A removal. Transfer. 

a-mount'. The sum total. Money, Price-Discount, 
Quantity-Measure; amount to, Equality-In- 
equality, Numbering; gross amount, Whole- 
Part. Equality- In equality. 

amour [F.] (a-mu'r). A love affair. Love-Hate, 
Purity-Impurity ; amour propre[F.] (a-mur' pro'-pr). 
Self-love, Conceit-Diffidence. 

am"-ou-rette'. A pretty love affair. Love-Hate, 

am-pere'. The unit of ck'ctric-current strength. 

am-phib'-i-ous. Living both on land and in water. 
Conventionality-Uncon ventionality. 

am"-phi-bol'-o-gy. A sentence ambiguous in construc- 
tion. Ambiguity. 

am-phib'-o-lous. Ambiguous. Ambiguity. 

am-phib'-o-ly. Ambiguity. 

am-phic"-ty-on'-ic. Pertaining to the Grecian coun- 
cils. Amphictyonic council, Council. 

amphigouri [F.] (enr-fi-gu-ri'). Nonsense. Adage- 

am"-phi-pro'-style . An edifice with columns in front 
and behind, but not on the sides. Architecture. 

am"-phi-the'-a-ter. An arena, or place of public con- 
test; range of vision. Acting, Architecture, 
List?. School, Sight-Bi 

am-phit'-ry-on. A host. Friend-Foe. 

am'-pho-ra. An earthenware jar. Contents-Re- 

am'-ple. Of large capacity; sufficient. Breadth- 
X \rrowness, Extension-Inextension, Great- 
ness-Littleness, Magnitude-Sm 

a-n"-pli-fi-ca'-tion. Elaboration. Rhetoric, Terse- 

- PRI il.IXITY. 

am'-pli-fy. To enlarge. Enlargement-Diminui ion, 

('■i ll-Hyperbole, Terseness-Prolixity. 
am'-pli-tude. Greatness of extent. Breadth-Narrow- 

ness, Enough, Greatness-Littleness, Quantity- 

am"-pli-tu'-din-ous. Great in extent. Greatness- 

am'-ply. Largely. Enough. 

am'-pu-tate. To cut off. Addition-Subtraction. 

am"-pu-ta'-tion. A cutting off. Addition-Subtrac- 

am'-u-let. A charm. Devotion-Charm. 

amusare [It.] (a-mu-za'-re) . To please. Per amusare 
labocca (per a-mu-za'-re la boc-ca). To please the 
mouth. Palatableness-Unpalatableness. 

a-muse'. To please. Entertainment-Weariness, 
Pleasurablen ess- Pain fulness. 

a-mused'. Pleased. Entertainment-Weariness. 

a-muse'-ment. Enjoyment. Entertainment-Weari- 
ness, Pleasure-Pain; place of amusement, Pleas- 
urablen ess-Painfulness. 

a-mus'-ing. Entertaining. Entertainment-Weari- 

amussis [L.] (a-mus'-sis). A rule or level. ad 
amussim [L.] (ad a-mus'-sim). According to rule. 

am"-y-la'-ceous. Starchy. Viscidity-Foam. 

an. One; and if. Hypothesis. 

an'-a. Scraps of literature. Account. 

An"-a-bap'-tism. A religious rite. Orthodoxy- 

An"-a-bap'-tist. A religious sect in Germany. Ortho- 

an-ach'-ro-nism. An error in assigning the date of an 
event. Chronology'-Anachronism, Opportune- 
ness-Unsuitable NESS. 

an"-a-co-lu'-thon. Lack of grammatical symmetry in 
a sentence. Continuity-Interruption, Rhetoric. 

an"-a-con'-da. A huge tropical serpent. Benefactor- 

an-ac"-re-on'-tic. Amatory verse. Poetry'-Prose. 

an"-a-cru'-sis. An unemphatic introductory syllable 
in lyric verse. Poetry-Prose. 

an'-a-glyph. An ornament in relief. Delineation- 
Caricature, Sculpture. 

an"-a-glyp'-tic. Ornamental. Sculpture. 

an"-a-go'-ge. Spiritual significance. Manifestation- 
Latency, Trope. 

an"-a-gog'-ic-al. Mystical. Trope. 

an'-a-gram. The letters of a word transposed so as t 
make a different word. Ambiguity, Letter, Th- 
ings-Mystery', WlTTINESS-Dl'LNESS. 

an"-a-gram-mat'-i-cism. A letter or word transj 10 
to make a different word. Letter. 

an"-a-lec'-ta. A selection from a literary work. Digest. 

an"-a-lec'-tic. Composed of selections. Digest. 

an"-a-lep'-tic. Restorative to strength. Remedy- 

an"-a-log'-ic-al. Figurative. Likeness-Unlikeness. 

an"-a-log-ic'-al-ness. Similarity. Likeness-Unlike- 

a-nal'-o-gous. Related. Likeness-Unlikeness. 

an'-a-logue. Anything analogou Likeness-Unlike- 

a-nal'-o-gy. Similarity of properties or relations. 
Connection-Independence, Likeness-Unlike- 
ness. Rhetoric. 

an-al'-y-sis. Resolution into parts. Composition- 
Resolution, Digest, [nvestigation-Ansv i i 
Numbering, Organization-Disorganization, Ra- 
tiocination-Instinct, Trial. 

an'-a-lyst. One who analyzes. Investigation-An- 
swer, Trial. 

an"-a-lyt'-ic. Proceeding by analysis. Investiga- 
tion-Answer, Mixture-Homogeneity. 

an'-a-lyze. To make an analysis. Investigation- 
Answer , Mi xture-H omogeneit y. 




an'-a-ly"-zer. One who analyzes. Trial. 

an"-a-mor'-pho-sis. A distorted representation of an 
object, so made that when viewed through an instru- 
ment a correct image is obtained. Delineation- 

anankQ [Gr.] (an-an'-k.' ■). Necessity. Volition-! Obli- 

an'-a-pest. A metrical fool Poi rin Prose, Rhet- 

an"-a-pes'-tic. Composed of anapests. Rh] roRii 

an-ar'-chic. Opposed to government. Fyran i 

an-ar'-chic-al. Law] Ri .< irity-Irregularity, 

Rule-Lh i .. i . Tyranny-Anarchy. 

an'-arch-ism. Disbelief in government. Regi larity- 
Irregularity, Tyranny-Anarchy. 

an'-arch-ist. An advocate of anarchy. Benefactor- 
Evildoer, Insubordination-Obedience, Tyr- 
anny-Anarchy. 4 

an"-arch-is'-tic. Hatred for law. Tyranny-Anarchy. 

an'-arch-y. Disregard of government. Regularity- 
Irregularity, Rule-License, Tyranny-Anarchy. 

an"-a-stat'-ic. In relief. Anastatic printing. En- 

a-nas"-to-mo'-sis. A union or running together. 
Crossing, Union-Disunh in 

a-nas'-tro-phe, a-nas'-tro-phy. Inversion i >f the natural 
order of words. Reversal. 

a-nath'-e-ma. A formal ban or curse. Charm \ 

a-nath'-e-ma-tize. To pronounce a cm 

Adulation - Disparagement, Appro 1 ' \l - Disap- 
proval, Charitableness-Ci I 

an"-a-tom'-ic. St natural. Texture. 

an"-a-tom'-ic-al. Structural. Texture. 

a-nat'-o-mize. To dissed iii 1 n 

. stigation-Answer, Union-Disi mio 

a-nat'-o-my. S ■ of the structun 

\ \ com v, P.ioi i m;v, Breadth-Narrowness, Or- 


'v, Zoology-Botany; comparative anatomy, 



Anatomy- A 

Abdomen. Cavity of the 

Alimentary canal. Channel extendi] \ mouth totheanus. 

Ankle. The joinl the fi -ot and the leg 

Antihelix. The curved elevation of tl .within 

i ir in Eron t if the h b 
Antitragus. A pro portion of the 

coin ha of the external ear, opposite the tragus. 
Aorta. Great artery that carries blood from hearl totl 
Arm. The upper limb of the human body, from shoulder to ! a 
Artery. A tube that tarries blood from the heart 
Biceps. A muscle with two head:; or origins. 
Bladder. A membranous sac for holding the uri i 
Blood. The red nouri ;hing fluid that < in ulates in animals. 
Blood-vessel. A tubular canal in which blood circulates, either an 

artery, a vein, or a capillary. 
Bone. A hard, dense, porous structure forminj 

verte! ani nals. 

Csecum. The blind gut, open at one end, conned 

intestine beyond the entrance of the small intt 
Canthus. The corner where the upper and under eyelids m< 

each side of the eye 
Capillary. A hair-like vein or 
Carotid. An artery by which 1 

Carpus. The wrist 
Cerebellum. Organ of thi part of 

the brain. 
Cerebrum. Seat of thought or will rt of the brai 

Chin. The central a i >r part^of the lower jaw. 

Choroid coat. The > rnbrane which lines the 

■ ! ■!■ ■•]■ i iat of the eye. 

Clavicle. The collar-bone. 

Coccyx. Caudal, or tail end of the spine. 

Cochlea. One of the passages of the internal ear. 

Colon. The large intestine. 

Concha. Deepest hollow of the external ear; one of the thi:: 

like structures in the cavity of the n 
Cornea. The anterior transpa: the outer coat of the eye. 

Duodenum. Small intestine connected with the sto::. i 
Ear. The organ of hearing. 
Elbow. The joint at the bend of the 
Esophagus. The membranous tube through which food passes from 

the pharynx to the stomach. 
Eustachian tube. A canal conncctii g middle 

Eye. The organ of sight 
Face. The anterior portion of the head. 
Femur. The long bone that forms the skeleton of the thigh. 
Fetus. The young in the womb or in thi i 
Fibula. The outer of tin i .. i bones of 1 
Finger. One of the terminal members of the hand. 
Flesh. Portion of an animal body that consists of 1 r tissues. 

Foot. The part below the ankle Li 

Forehead. Upper part of 1 en the I : he hair 

Ganglion. An aggregation of 
Gland. An organ by means of which i ts are removed from 

the blood, either as a specific secretion or as an t-xcr< I 
Hair. One of the filamentous structures that grow from the skin 

or outer covering of a mammal ; any mass of such filar 
Hand. The pari that is attached to the lower 

extremity of the forearm. 
Heart. The m of the vascular sv ■ :als, a 

hollow stru i . the blood by a:' 

Helix. The n external car. 

Hip. The lateral pari of the 1 , n the brim of the 

e in e part of the thigh. 
Humerus. The bo 

Ileum. The lower three-fifths of tl -line. 


Jaw. One of the two structures forming the framework 
Jugular. One of the large veins of the neck. 
Kidney. One of the glandular organs that si 
Knee. The join! thigh and the leg. 

Leg. The part of the lower limb bet and ankle. 

Liver. in the upper ■ 

Lobe. A proi part, as of thi 

Lung. Either of the two organs for the aeral blood, 

it d in tin- tli- irax on ea< h side of the heart. 
itic. An al isorbenl 
Maxilla. One of the jaw I 
Medulla. The marrow <_.f long I 

Meibomian glands. The slender sebaceous glands of • 
which discharge, throu 

a l".c : .arts. 

Metacarpus. Part of the ha: 

Muscle. Aji 

which bodily movement is efT< 

Nail. A thin horny pla n the end of a finger or toe. 

Neck. Part of an animal which connects the head with the trunk. 

Nerve. A cord-like str idaments by 

which tmulative impulses are transmitted to and 

from the brain and other organs. 

Nervous system. I coordinating apparatus 

endows animals with sensation a: - " 

Nose. That part of the face of an animal containing the nostrils 
and the organ of smell. 

Occiput. I back ] art of the h< ' 

Optic nerve. The special nerve of vision. 

Ovary. Gland oi I ■ neration. 

Pancreas. A gla: tig with the alimentary- canal. 

Patella. Km i 

Pelvis. The pari a bony girdle by which 

ver or hinder limbs are j 

Peritoneum. the abdomen. 

Phalanges. The bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus 

Pharynx. The alimentary canal bctv - hagus. 

Prostate. A gland in front of the 1 urethra. 

Pubis. The ventral and anterior of the three principal bones com- 
posing either half of the pelvis 

Pupil. The round opening in the iris 

Radius. That one of the of the forearm that is on 

the same side as the thu 

Retina. The inner coat of the eye, containing the nervous appa- 
ratus essential to vision. 




Rib. One of the bones attached to the spine encircling the body- 
Sacrum. A composite bone formed by the union of the vertebras 

between the lumbar and caudal regions, constituting the dorsal 

part of the pelvis. 
Scaphoid fossa. The groove between the helix and the antihetix. 
Scapula. The shoulder-blade 
Sclerotic coat. The dense white membrane which with the cornea 

in front forms the outer coating of the eye around the iris. 
Scrotum. The pouch that contains the testes. 
Spine. The vertebral column of the back. 
Spleen. A ductless, gland-like organ lying below the stomach, the 

Sternum. The breast-bone. 
Stomach. Vessel in which the food is digested. 
Tarsus. The ankle. 
Temple. The region on each side of the head in front of the ear and 

above the cheek-bone. 
Testes. The testicles; male organs of generation. 
Thorax. The part of the body between the neck and the abdomen. 
Thumb. The short thick digit on the radial side of the hand. 
Tibia. The inner one of the two bones that constitute the skeleton 

of the leg below the knee. 
Toe. One of the digits of a foot of a quadruped or a biped. 
Tongue. Organ of taste and speech. 
Tooth. A small bone attached to the jaw for chewing. 
Tragus. Prominence in front of the opening of the ear. 
Trunk. The body as distinguished from its appendages — limbs, 

neck, head. etc. 
Tympanum. The middle ear ; the ear drum . 
Ulna. In vertebrates above fishes, that one of the two long bones 

of the forearm, or corresponding portion of the fore limb, that is 

on the same side as the little finger. 
Dreter. Duct that conveys urine from the kidneys. 
Urethra. Canal discharging the urine 
Vein. One of the muscular tubular vessels that convey blood to 

the heart. 
Vermiform appendix. A blind process of the caecum. 
Vertebra. One of the segments of the spine. 
Windpipe. The tube for carrying air to and from the lungs. 
Wrist. The part of the arm immediately joining the hand. 
Zonule of Zinn. The suspensory ligament of the crystalline lens of 

the eye. 

Anatomy — Verbs, 

Breathe. To inhale and exhale air. 

Circulate. To move by a circuit back to the starting point. 

Diffuse. To expand; to cause to flow. 

Digest. To prepare in the stomach for conversion into the blood. 

Exhale. To force air out of the lungs. 

Inhale. To take into the lungs, as air. 

Perspire. To sweat. 

Respire. To take breath again; to breathe in and out. 

Transfuse. To transfer, as blood, from the veins or arteries of one 

animal to those of another. 

AnatcJmy — Adjectives. 
Abdominal. Of, or pertaining to the abdomen. 
Axillary. Pertaining to the arm-pit. 
Brachial. Belonging to the arm. 
Celiac. Pertaining to the belly. 
Cervical. Belonging to the neck. 
Cubital. Pertaining to the ulna. 
Ectad. Toward the outside or surface. 
Ectal. Situated near the surface. 
Epigastric. Pertaining to the upper and anterior part of the 

Femoral. Belonging to the thigh. 
Frontal. Belonging to the forehead. 
Hypochondriac. Pertaining to the hypochondria. 
Hypogastric. Relating to the lower part of the abdomen. 
Iliac. Pertaining to the third division of the lesser intestine. 
Intercostal. Lying between the ribs 
Lumbar. Pertaining to, or near the loins. 
Mesial. Middle. 

Muscular. Pertaining to the muscles. 
Pancreatic. Pertaining to the pancreas. 

Parietal. Pertaining to the bones of the upper part of the skull. 
Pedal. Relating to the foot. 

Pulmonary. Pertaining to the lungs. 
Radial. Pertaining to the radius 
Sciatic. Pertaining to the hip. 
Temporal. Pertaining to the temples. 
Tibial. Pertaining to the tibia. 
Umbilical. Of, or relating to the navel. 
Venal. Pertaining to the veins. 
Vertebral. Pertaining to a vertebra ; spinal. 

an"-a-trip'-tic. Using friction as a remedy for disease. 

an-ces'-tral. Inherited from an ancestor. Future- 
Past, Infancy-Age, Novelty-Antiquity. 

an'-ces-try. One's ancestors collectively. Future- 
Past, Parentage-Progeny. 

an'-chor. An implement that retains a ship in a par- 
ticular station; to become fixed. Connective, 
Establishment-Removal, Movement-Rest, Ref- 
uge-Pitfall, Sanguineness-Hopelessness; at 
anchor, Establishment-Removal, Movement- 
Rest, Mutability-Stability, Security-Insecur- 
ity; cast anchor, Arrival-Departure. Establish- 
ment-Removal; sheet anchor, Means, Refuge- 
Pitfall, Sanguineness-Hopelessness. 

an'-chor-age. A place suitable for anchoring a vessel. 
Arrival-Departure, Dweller-Habitation, Es- 
tablishment-Removal, Refuge-Pitfall. 

an'-chored. Firmly fixed. Mutability-Stability. 

an'-cho-ret, an'-cho-rite. A recluse. Austerity, 

an"-chy-lo'-sis. Growing together of two bones. 

an'-cient. Of great age; an ensign or flag. Novelty- 
Antiquity, Sign; ancient times, Future-Past. 

an'-cil-la-ry. Serving as an aid. Obstruction-Help. 

andantc[lt] (an-dan'-te). Moving moderately. Music. 

and'-i"-ron. Metallic support for wood in an open fire- 
place. Oven-Refrigerator. 

An'-drew, Mer'-ry. A buffoon. Wag. 

an-drog'-y-nal. Hermaphrodite. Conventionality- 

an-drog'-y-nous. Uniting the characteristics of both, 
sexes. Conventionality-Unconventionality. 

an'-ec-dote. A short story. Account. 

an"-ec-dot'-ic. Relating to a story. Account. 

an-ele'. To anoint. Godliness-Ungodliness. 

an"-e-mog'-ra-phy. The art of recording the velocity 
and direction of winds. River- Wind. 

an"-e-mom'-e-ter. A wind-measuring instrument. 

anentolia bazein [Gr.] (a-ne-mo'-li-a bad'-zain). To 
talk words of wind. Adage-Nonsense. 

a-nent'. Opposite. Connection-Independence. 

anerithmon gelasma [Gr.] (a-ne'-rith-mon gel'-as-ma). 
The many-twinkling smile of ocean. River-Wind. 

an'-e-roid. Not containing or using a fluid. Water- 

an"-es-the'-si-a. Loss of sensation. Feeling-In- 

an"-es-thet'-ic. Insensible. Feeling-Insensibility, 

a-new'. Again; in a new manner. Novelty-Antiq- 
uity, Recurrence. 

an-frac"-tu-os'-i-ty. Winding. Circle-Winding. 

an'-gel. A spiritual being; a person of angelic qualities. 
Angel-Satan, Good Man-Bad Man, Love-Hath; 
fallen angel, Angel-Satan, Good Man-Bad Man; 
guardian angel, Antagonist-Assistant, Benei a< - 
tor-Evildoer, Security-Insecurity. 


Angel. A heavenly being superior to man in power and knowledge. 
Archangel. A chief angel. 

Cherub. One of the second order of angels; representation of a 
beautiful child with wings. 

Abaddon. The destroying angel of hell. 

Ahrimanes. The evil principle in Persian theology. 

Apollyon. The destroyer 

Beelzebub. The prince of fallen angels; a god of the Philistines 




ANGrL— SATAN'— Continued. 

Cherubim. Plural of cherub. 

Heavenly host. The multitude of beings who inhabit heaven. 
Host of heaven. Angels and archangels. 
Madonna. The Virgin Mary. 

Ministering spirit. Beings having the power to aid, an angel 
Morning Star. Figurative for angel. 
Saint. One of the sanctified beings in heaven. 

Seraph. One of the order of angels ranking next above the cherubim. 
Seraphim. Plural of seraph. 

Sons of God. Angels; more often simply human beings enjoying 
special Divine favor. 

Angel — AdjtctiiM . 
Angelic. Of or pertaining to angels. 
Seraphic. Having the nature or character of a seraph. 

SATAN — Nouns of Character — Continued from Column 3. 

Devilship. State or office of the devil. 
Manicheism. The doctrine of two supreme beings. 
Satanism. Disposition of Satan. 
The cloven foot. A devilish character. 

Satan — Adjectives. 
Devilish. Having the qualities of the devil. 
Diabolic. Pertaining to the devil; satanic. 
Hell-born. Born of hell. 

Infernal. Pertaining to the lower regions or hell. 
Satanic. Having the qualities of Satan; devilish. 

Belial. Any reckless person; the devil. 

Demon. An evil spirit. See Fiend. 

Devil. Ruler of hell. 

Fallen angels. Angels hurled from heaven with Satan. 

Inhabitants of Pandemonium. The satanic hosts. 

Lucifer. The morning star; Satan. 

Sammael. A demon in rabbinical mythology. 

Satan. The chief of bad spirits. 

Tempter. One who entices to wrong. 

The author of evil. I Jhe devi , 

The common enemy.-* 

The devil incarnate. The devil in the flesh; the devil having a 

human body. 
The arch fiend. Satan. 
The evil spirit. The devil. 
The foul fiend. An evil spirit. 
The wicked one. The devil. 
Zammiel. See Samma&i 

Satan — Figurative Nouns. 

Old Gooseberry; old Harry; old Horny; old Nick; old Scratch; the 
deuce; the dickens; the old serpent; the prince of darkness; the 
prince of the devils; the prince of the powers of the air; the prince 
of the world; the powers of darkness; the rulers of darkness. 


Satan — Nouns of Character 
Characteristic quality of Satan. 
{Continued on Column 1 ) 

an-gel'-ic. Having the nature of an angel. Angel- 

Satan, Virtue-Vice. 
an'-gels. Heavenly guardians. Angels and ministers 

of grace defend us, Sanguineness-Timidity. 
an'-ger. Violent passion. Excitability-Inexcita- 


an"-gi-og'-ra-phy. A treatise upon the vascular system. 

an"-gi-ol'-o-gy. Treatise upon lymphatics. Texture. 

an'-gle. An opening between two intersecting lines; 
to try shyly or artfully to get. Angularity, Trial; 
at an angle, Parallelism-Inclination. 

An'-gli-can-ism. The practise of the Church of Eng- 
land. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

an'-gling. Fishing with a rod. Quest-Evasion. 

an'-gri-ly. In an angry manner. Favorite-Anger, 

an'-gry. Inflamed. Favorite-Anger, Favorite- 
Quarrelsomeness; angry mood, Favorite-Anger. 

anguille [F.] (an'-gwiy'). An eel. rompre Vanguille ait 
genoii (ronpr lan"-gwiy' o zhe-nu')- To break an 
eel across the knee. Might-Impotence, Possibility- 

an-guil'-li-form. Having the appearance of an eel. 
Circle-Winding, Lamina-Fiber. 

anguis [L.] (an''-gwis). A snake, angais in herba 
(an '-g wis in her'-ba). A snake in the grass, Refuge- 

an'-guish. Mental distress. Pleasure-Pain, Sensu- 

an'-gu-lar. Having an angle. Angularity; angular 
velocity, Movement-Rest. 

an"-gu-lar'-i-ty. Irregular. Angularity. 


Adunclty. Inward curvature . hookedness. 

Angle. The figure made by two lines which meet at a point called 

the vertex. 
Angularity. The quality or state of being angular or sharp-cornered. 
Angularness. The quality of being angular 
Bend. Deflection from a straight line, a crook or curve. 
Bifurcation. A forking or separation into two branches. 
Corner. Point formed by intersecting surfaces. 
Crotch. Point of division 
Cusp. One of the horns of the crescent moon. That point of a 

curved line where the generating point stops and moves backward. 

Fold, etc. Sec Plicature. 

Fork. The place where a division or divergence occurs; a ci 
Obliquity, etc. Deviation from a perpendicular or from a ri^'ht line 
by any angle except a right angle, etc. See Parallelism- 

Angularity — Denotations. 

Ankle; crane, a hoisting-machine, a siphon: crutch; elbow; fluke, 

the part of an anchor which catches hold on t! ! " groin. 

knee , knuckle; niche, a recess, as in a wall , nool: oriel, a window 

ard from a wall and resting on ;i brai ket . recess, 

scythe; sickle; zigzag. 

Angular it v — Scientific Terms. 

Acute angle. An angle less than a right angle. 

Altimetry. The art of measuring vertical angular elevations. 

Angle of 45 . Half a right angle. 

Angular distance. The angle made at a given point by lines drawn 

to it from two objects. 
Angular elevation. In gunnery, the angle which the axis of the gun 

makes with the horizon. 
Angular measurement. Measurement in angles. 
Angular velocity. The rate at which an angle increases. 
Clinometer. An instrument for measuring angular inclination. 
Cotangent. A trigonometric function. 
Cube. A solid body bounded by six equal square sides. 
Decagon. A plane figure with ten angles and ten sides. 
Diamond. A figure bounded by four equal straight sides and having 

two of its interior angles acute and two obtuse. 
Dichotomy. Separation into two parts or branches; forking. 
Dodecahedron. A solid having twelve plane faces. 
Goniometer. An instrument for measuring angles. 
Goniometry. The art of measuring angles. 

Graphometer. Instrument used by surveyors in measuring angles. 
Heptagon. A plane figure having seven angles and seven sides. 
Hexagon. A plane figure having six angles and six sides. 
Hexahedron. A solid bounded by six plane faces 
Icosahedron. A solid bounded by twenty plane faces. 
Lozenge. A parallelogram having its four sides equal and with two 

of its interior angles acute and two obtuse. 
Miter. The junction of two bodies upon a line bisecting the angle 

of junction, as at the corner of a picture frame. 
Obtuse angle. An angle greater than a right angle. 
Octagon. A plane figure having eight angles and eight sides. 
Octahedron. A solid bounded by eight plane faces. 
Octant. Eighth of a circle. 

Parallelogram. A quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel. 
Parallelopiped. A prism bounded by six faces, all parallelograms. 
Pentagon. A plane figure having five angles and five sides. 
Pentahedron. A solid bounded by five plane faces. 




Platonic bodies. Five geometrical solids; the regular tetrahedron. 

the cube, the octahedron, the dodecahedron and the icosahcdron 
Polygon. A plane figure having many angles and sides. 
Prism. A solid whose bases are any similar, equal and parallel 

plane figures, and whose lateral faces are parallelograms. 
Pyramid. A solid whose base is a polygon and whose lateral faces 

are triangles meeting at a point called the vertex. 
Quadrangle. A plane figure having four angles and four sides- 
Quadrant. An arc of ninety degrees. 
Quadrature. The relative position of two heavenly bodies distant 

from each other ninety degrees as viewed from the center of a 

third body. 
Quadrilateral. A plane figure bounded by four straight lines and 

having four angles. 
Rectangle. A parallelogram having four right angles. 
Reentering angle. An angle in a fortification, the vertex of which 

is turned towards the protected place. 
Rhomb. A parallelogram having equal sides and oblique angles. 
Rhomboid. A parallelogram having its opposite sides equal, but 

containing no right angle. 
Right angle, etc. An angle whose sides are perpendicular to • 

other, etc. See Erectness. 
Salient angle. An angle in a fortification, the point of which is 

turned away from the protected place. 
Sextant. An arc of sixty degrees. An instrument for measuring 

angular distances. 
Spherical angle. An angle made by the intersection of two great 

circles, which mutually cut each other on the surface of a globe. 
Square . A figure with four equal sides and four right angles. 
Tetrahedron. A solid bounded by four triangles. 
Theodolite. An instrument used for measuring horizontal and 

vertical angles. 
Triangle. Plane figure having three sides and three angles. 
Trigon, A triangle; the triangle of reference employed in trilinear 

Trigonometry. The branch of mathematics that treats of the rela- 
tions of the sides and angles of triangles. 
Wedge, A right triangular prism with one very acute angle. 

Angularity — Verbs. 

Bend. Deflect from a straight line. 
Bifurcate. Separate into two branches. 
Crinkle. Form wrinkles, bends or folds. 
Fork. Separate into diverging parts. 

Angularity — Adjectives. 

Aduncous. Bent like a hook; hooked. 

Akimbo. Having the hands on the hips and the elbows bent sharply 

outward . 
Angular. Having an angle or angles; measured by an angle 
Aquiline. Hooked ; curving. 
Bent. Turned from a straight line. 
Bifurcate . Forked. 

Crinkled. Formed with folds, ridges or wrinkles. 
Crooked. Having angles; not straight. 
Cubical. Having the shape or properties of a cube. 
Cuneiform. Wedge-shaped. 

Dovetailed. Interlocked by wedge-shaped tenons and spaces. 
Falcated. Sickle-shaped; scythe-shaped. 
Falciform. Falcate; having the shape of a scythe or sickle. 
Forked. Divided into diverging parts like a fork. 
Furcated. Forked. 

Fusiform. Spindle-shaped; tapering at each end. 

Geniculated. Having knee-like joints. 

Jagged. Having ragged edges or notches. 

Kimbo. Crooked; bent. 

Knock-kneed. Having the knees bent inward. 

Multilateral. Having many sides and consequently many angles. 

Oblique, etc. Neither parallel to, nor at right angles from the base. 

Polygonal, etc. Having many angles, etc. See Nouns. 

Pyramidal. Of or like a pyramid. 

Quadrangular. Having four angles. 

Quadrilateral. Formed by four sides and having four angles. 

Rectangular. Having one or more right angles. 

Rhomboidal. Having the shape of a rhomboid. 

Scalene. Having no two sides equal, said of triangles. 

Serrated, Notched along the edge like a saw. 

Square. Having four right angles and four equal sides. 

Triangular. Having three angles and three sides; bounded by a 

Trigonal. Having three angles; three-cornered. 
Trilateral. Having three sides. 
Uncinated. Hooked. 

Wedge-shaped. Having the shape of a wedge. 
Zigzag. Having short turns or angles alternating in a series fr mi 

side to side. 

an'-gu-lar-ness. State of being angular. Angularity. 

angusta res domi [L.] (an-gus'-ta riz do'-mai). In 
difficult circumstances. Affluence-Penury. 

an"-gus-ta'-tion. Contraction. Breadth-Narrow- 

an"-he-la'-tion. Shortness of breath.. Weariness- 

an-hy'-drous. Waterless. Dampness-Dryness. 

an'-ile. Like an old woman. Infancy-Age, Sagacity 

an'-i-line. A colorless oily compound. Aniline dyes, 

a-nil'-i-ty. Old-womanishness. Infancy-Age, Sa- 

an"-i-mad-ver'-sion. Criticism. Approval-Disap- 

an"-i-mad-vert'. To observe; to censure. Approval- 
Disapproval, Heed-Disregard, Reflection- Va- 

an'-i-mal. A sentient living being; pertaining to an 
animal. Fauna-Flora; animal cries, Cry-TJlula- 
tion; animal economy, Life-Death; animal grati- 
fication, Sensuality-Suffering; animal life, Ani- 
mality-Vegetability; animal physiology, Zoology- 
Botany; animal spirits, Lightheartedxess-D: i - 

an"-i-mar-cule. An animal of microscopic small 
Fauna-Flora, Greatness-Littleness, Magnittjde- 

an'-i-mal-ism. State of mere animals. Modera 

an"-i-mal'-i-ty. Nature of an animal. Anxmality- 


Animality. The nature or state of an animal 

Animalization. The act of endowing with the properties of an 

Animal life. The potential force, or principle by which the 

of animals are started and continued in the performance of their 

Animation. The act of giving life or spirit. 
Breath. Air inhaled or exhaled during respiration. 
Flesh. The softer tissues of an animal body. 
Flesh and blood. Animal nature. 

Physique [F,] The physical structure of persons or animals. 
Strength. Physical vigor. See Strength. 

Vegetable life. The principle 1 
continued in their functions 
Vegetability. The quality or state oi ' table. 

Vegetation. The act of growing as a pi in1 does 

Vegbtabilii v —Adjt etives. 
Lush. Full of juice. 
Rank. Luxuriant in growth. 


ANIMALITY— Continued 
Animality — Adjct . 
Pertaining to the animal nature ; corporeal; carnal. 

an/'-i-mal-i-za'-tion. Act of making animals. Ani- 
mality- Vegetability. 

an'-i-mate. To impart life to. Excitation, Light- 
heartedness-Dejection, Motive-Ca trice. 

an'-i-ma"-ted. Enlivened. Activity-Indolence, Life- 
Death, Lighthbartedness-Dbjei riON. 

an"-i-ma'-tion. State of possessing life; liveliness Ac- 
tivity-Indolence, Animality- Vegetability, Ex- 



citation, I. ii i -Death, Lightheartedness-Dejec- 
tion; suspended animation, Shnsiti-: Lpathy. 

aninto, ex [L.] (an' l Readil; ixess- 

Relui i a 

ammo, quo [L.] (an'-i-mo, quo). With what intention. 

an"-i-mos'-i-ty. Hatred. Amity-Hostility D 
Distaste, Favorite-Angi R, Love-Hate. 

an'-i-mus. The animating thought. Di '.-Dis- 
taste, Purpose-Luck, Readiness-Reluctan 

an'-i-on. The electro-negatn e constituent of a decom- 
posed substance, appearing at tin :. i ric- 


an'-kle. Joint connei tingthe) 

Angularity; ankle-deep, In I ; llowness. 

an'-klet. An ornamental ring foi the i mbel- 

an'-nal-ist. A historian. Chronology-Anachronism, 

Ret. IRD] 

an'-nals. Record of evei Account, Chronology- 

Anachronism, Mark-Uhi.iii.rai II IN. 

an-neal'. To reduce the brittleness of . Pretaration- 
Non preparation. 

an-nex'. To join. Addition-Subtraction, Union- 

an"-nex-a'-tion. An adding to. Addition-Subi 
tion, Union-Disunion. 

annexe [F.] (an-nex'). That which is added. Incre- 

an-nex'-ion. Construct relation. Union-Dj 

an-ni'-hi-late . To put out of existeno i ition- 


an-ni"-hi-la'-ted. Destroyed Si bstance-Nullity. 

an-ni"-hi-la'-tion. Destruction. Creation-Destruc- 
tion, Substance-Nullity. 

an"-ni-ver'-sa-ry. Annual celebration of some c. 

aniu< [L.] (an'-no). In the year. Duration-Never- 

an'-no-tate. To supply with comments. Interpreta- 

an"-no-ta'-tion. Act of making notes; comments. In- 
terpretation-Misinterpretation, Sign. 

an'-no-ta"-tor. A commentator. Interpreter. 

an-not'-to. A yellowish-red dye. Redness-G 

an-nounce'. To proclaim publicly. Assertio 

nial, Enlightenment-Secrecy, Prophecy, Pub- 

an-nounce'-ment. Publication. Enlightenmen 
crecy, Prevision, Publicity. 

an-noy'. To be troublesome to. Charitable: 
Malevolence, Goodness-Badness, Pleasurable- 

an-noy'-ance . That which causes trouble. Goi 

Badness, Love-Hate, I'll as irableness-Paix ful- 
ness, Pleasure-Pain: source of annoyance, Pi 
urableness-Pain fulness. 

an'-nu-al. Yearly: a bunk issued yearly. Fauna- 
Flora, Missive-Publication, Periodicity-Irregu- 

an-nu'-i-ty. An annual income. Outlay-Incom 

an-nul'. To render void. Commission-Abroga 

an-nul'-ment. A making void. Commission-Abroga- 

an'-nu-lar. Ring-shaped. Circle-Winding. 

an'-nu-let. A small ring. Architecture, Circle- 

an'-nu-lus. A ring. Circle-Winding. 

an-nun'-ci-ate. To make known publicly. Eni . 

an-nun'-ci-a'-tion. A proclamation. Enlightenm 

annus magnus [1..] (an'-nus mag'-nus) . The til 
which the constellations return to the san 
Period- Progress. 

an'-ode. The positive voltaic pole of a galvanic battery. 

an'-o-dyne. Anything that n pain, or calm 


B.\'. I lence-Calmness. 

an-oint'. To pour oil upon in sign of consecr 
Cover-Lining, Friction-Lubrication, Pi lpi; 

an-oint'-ed. A consecrated person. Chief-Under- 
ling, I llVINl 

an-oint'-ment. Consecration. I'll 

a-nom"-a-lis'-tic. Irregular. Astroni 


a-nom'-a-lous. Exceptional. Conven 


a-nom'-a-lous-ness. State of being anomalous, i 

a-nom'-a-ly. Irregularity. Astronomy, Convex 


a-non'. Soon. Earliness-Lateness. 
a-non'-y-mous. Not disclosing a name. Name-Mis- 


an'-o-rex-y. Loss of appetite. Desire-Distaste. 

an-oth'-er. Not the same. Recurrence, Varia 
another time, Time ; go upon another tack, Big 
Apostasy; tell another story, 1. I 


an'-swer. To make reply to. Gain-Loss, Inti . 
tation-Misinterpretation, Investiga 
swer, Litigation, Proof-Disproof, Suc< 
ure; answer for, Credit-Debt, Eng.\ 
Release, Representative ; answer one's turn, 
fulness-Uselessness; answer the helm, Insub 
nation-Obedience; answer the purpose, Success- 
Failure; answer to, ( in-Independe; 
I'll answer for it, Assertion-Denial; require an 
answer, Investigation-Answer. 

an'-swer-a-ble. Liable to be call< ' 

proval-Disapproval, Credit-Debt, I J l : \ - . 

an'-swer-ing. Replying. Investigati mr. 

ant. An insect. Ai 

an'-tae. Pilasters opposite one another. Arch 

An-tae'-us. A mythological giant. Great: 
Littleness. Strength- Weakni 

an-tag'-c-nism. Mutual opposition. Ax 
Concurrence, Cooperation-Opposition. E 



Absence of aid. Lack of help. See Obstruction-Help. 
Antagonism. Opposition of action. 
Clashing. Opposition of views, interests, or purposes. 
Collision. A state of opposition. 
Competition. Common strife for the same i ii 
Conflict. A strife for the mastery. 
Contravention. A meeting in the way of opposition. 
Counteraction. Action in opposition. See Cooperation-Opposi- 

Alliance. A union or connection of 
A long pull, a strong pull and a pull all together. 
Association. State of being united for a common pur- 
Clanship. State of being united together as a clan. 
Coadjutaacy.i Jointhel 
Coadjuvancy. ) 

Coagency. State of working together. 
Coalition. A voluntary union for the support of soi 
policy or action. 





Counterplot. A plot or artifice opposed to another. 

Crossfire. Lines of fire from two or more points; hence, a dangerous 

Emulation. Zealous rivalry. 
Head wind. A contrary or opposing wind; hence, an obstruction 

or hindrance. 
Hindrance. Anything that prevents movement or action. 
Impugnation. Act of attacking by words or arguments. 
Opposition. An attempt to check, restrain or defeat. 
Oppugnancy. Act of being in conflict with. 
Oppugnation. Opposition. 
Race. A trial of speed, strength, etc. 
Resistance. Act of opposing or striving against. 
Restraint. See Release-Restraint. 
Rivalry. The state of being in competition with. 
Two of a trade. Rivals. 
TJndercurrent. A hidden obstruction, or secret antagonism. 

Antagonism — Verbs. 

Antagonize. To contend or struggle with. 

Belie. To contradict. 

Breast. To encounter or oppose. 

Confront. To stand up against. 

Contradict. To deny or oppose in speech. 

Contravene. To obstruct or prevent action. 

Control, etc. To hold in power or check. See Release-Restraint. 

Counteract. To work in opposition. 

Countermine. To obstruct the work of another secretly. 

Counterwork. To work against. 

Disfavor. To disapprove. 

Emulate. To strive to excel. See Strife. 

Encounter. To come against face to face. 

Face. To meet for the purpose of stopping. 

Hinder. To prevent movement or action. 

Oppose. To act against. 

Oppugn. To fight against. 

Overthwart. To cross; to oppose. 

Rival. To strive with another to excel. 

Stem. To resist or make progress against. 

Thwart. To run counter to. 

Withstand. To stand against. See Reprisal-Resistance. 

Antagonism — Verbal Expressions. 

Beat against; be at cross purposes; beat up against; breast the cur- 
rent; breast the flood; breast the tide; buffet the waves; come in 
conflict with; contend against; contend with; cope with; do battle 
against; do battle with; fall foul of; fly in the face of; go against; 
go dead against; grapple with; kick against; kick against the pricks; 
make a dead set; make a stand against; make head against; mili- 
tate against; pit against; pitch against; play at cross purposes; 
raise one's voice against; run against; run counter to; set against; 
set at naught; set oneself against; set one's face against; slam the 
door in one's face; slap in the face; spoil one's trade; stem the 
current; stem the flood; stem the tide; turn one's back upon; 
vote against. 

Antagonism — Adjectives. 

Adverse. Opposed or opposing. 

Antagonistic. Working against each other- 

At daggers drawn. In hostile state. 

At issue. In dispute. 

At variance. Not in agreement. 

At war with. Contending against. 

Competitive. Characterized by rivalry. 

Contrary. In opposition to. See Sameness-Contrast. 

Cross. Adverse to. 

Emulous. Eager to excel another. 

Front to front. Directly opposing. 

Hostile. Showing the disposition of an enemy. 

In hostile array. Ready for combat. 

Inimical. At enmity with. 

Op^sfng. } Workin * against. See Verbs. 

Resistant. In an opposing manner. See Reprisal-Resistance. 

Unfavorable. Contrary ; discouraging. 

Unfriendly. Not adapted to promote or support any object. 

Unpropitious. Not favorable. 

Up in arms. In active opposition. 

With crossed bayonets. In conflict. 

Coefficiency. The cooperation of two or more parties or forces for 

the attainment of some end. 
Colleagueship. Partnership in office. 

Collusion. Secret cooperation for some fraudulent purpose. 
Combination. A union. See Composition. 
Complicity. State of being an accomplice. 
Concert. Combination of forces or powers. 
Concord, etc. Union of feeling. See Variance-Accord. 
Concurrence. Agreement or consent, implying aid or contribution 
Confederation, etc. A combination for mutual advantage or benefit 

See Association. A league among states. 
Cooperation. Act of working together to accomplish some end. 
Copartnership. State of having a joint interest in anything. 
Esprit de corps [F.]. The common spirit pervading the members of 

an association. 
Freemasonry. The practises of Freemasons. 
Joint stock. Held in company. 
Log rolling. A joining together of politicians to promote each 

other's schemes. 
Participation. Act of sharing in common with others. 
Partizanship. Feelings or conduct appropriate to a partizan. 
Party spirit. The spirit or temper which binds men together in 

support of a common cause. 
Unanimity. Quality of being of one mind. See Assent. 
Union, etc. A cooperation. See Union. 

Concurrence — Verbs. 

Collude. To work together secretly. 

Combine. To unite for the attainment of a common object. 
Concert. To act together or agree. 
Concur. To agree. 

Conduce. To help to bring about. See Cooperation. 
Confederate. To associate or unite; to league together. 
Conspire. To work together secretly, usually for some evil purpose. 
Cooperate. To work together for some common purpose. 
Fraternize. To unite in fellowship; to act as brothers. 
Participate. To take part in. 

Second, etc. To attend for the purpose of assisting. See Obstruc- 

Concurrence — Verbal Expressions. 

Act in concert; band together; be a party to; bear part in; be banded 
together; be in league with; be in the same boat; cast in one's lot 
with; cling to one another; club together; come into the views of; 
come to; draw together; enter into partnership; espouse a cause; 
espouse a quarrel; follow the lead of; go along; go hand in hand; 
hang together; have a finger in the pie; have a hand in the pie; 
hold together; hunt in couples; join forces; join hands; join part- 
nership with; keep together; lay one's heads together; league 
together; lend oneself to; make common cause with; mix oneself 
up with; pass over to; play into the hands of; play the game of; 
pull together; put shoulder to shoulder; rally round; row in the 
same boat; sail in the same boat; sail on the same tack; side with; 
stand shoulder to shoulder; strike in with; take part in; take part 
with; take sides with; take the part of; understand one another; 
unite one's efforts; unite with. 

Concurrence — Adjectives. 
Coadju^an't'.l Working together. 
Cooperating, etc. See Verbs. 
Favorable to, etc. See Obstruction-Help. 
In cooperation, etc. See Nouns. 
In league, etc. See Association. 
Unopposed, etc. See Antagonism. 

Concurrence — Adverbs. 

As one man, etc. Unanimously. See Assent. 
Shoulder to shoulder. In union of power. 

Across. Over against. 
Against. In opposition to 

-Particles, Phrases 

ANTAGONISM — Particles. Phrases — Continued. 

Against the current. 

Against the grain. 

Against the stream. > See Verbs 

Against the tide. 

Against the wind. 

At cross purposes. See Verbs. 

Athwart. Lying across one's path. 

Counter to. In opposition to. 

Even. Yet. 




•\.\TAGONISM— Particles, Phrases— Continued. 

In conflict with. 

In defiance. \ .. . ... . ,. 

In despite. / 

In spite. 

In spite of one's teeth. Against the strongest opposition. 

In the face of. 

In the teeth of. 

In the way of. 

Overthwart. Over against. 

Per contra [L.]. Contrai 

Quand mCme [F.]. Notwithstanding. 

Though. Notwithstanding that. 

Vsi r»tf [L.]. Against. 

Where the shoe pinches. 

With a head wind. 

With a wind ahead. 

With the wind in one's teeth. 

Antagonism — Phrase. 

Nitor in adversum [L.J. I struggle against adverse circumstances. 

an-tag'-o-nist. One who contends against another. Antagonist- Assistant. 


Adversary. One who is turned against another with the design to 

oppose or resist. 
Adverse party. A person acting against or in a contrary direction 

to another. 
Antagonist. One who contends with another in combat. 
Assailant. One who attacks or assaults. 
Brangler. A quarrelsome person. 

Brawler. One who quarrels noisily and outrageously. 
Competitor. One who strives with another in order to - 
Demagogue. One who opposes prevailing rule to win populai 
Disputant. One who argues in opposition to. 
Enemy. One who hates, and desires or attempts the injury of 

another. See Friend. 
Fenian. A member of a secret Irish organization having for its aim 

the overthrow of English rule in Ireland; hem | against 

existing rule. 
Jacobin. One of a society of violent agitators in France, during the 

revolution of 1780*. hence, a plotter against existing government. 
Malcontent. A discontented subject of a government. 
Obstructive. One who opposes or delays. 
Opponent. One who opposes in an argument or combat. 
Opposition. A party opposed to a party in power. 
Oppositionist. One who belongs to an opposition party. 
Reactionist. One who opposes and seeks to undo political progress. 
Rival. One striving to reach or attain something which another is 

attempting to obtain. 
Wrangler. One who disputes noisily and angrily: an honor-man at 

a university. 

ASSISTANT — Continued from Column 2. 
Upholder. One who sustains or defends a person or cause. 
Votary. One who is devoted or consecrated to a special service. 

Assistant — Associated Nouns. 

Alter ego [L.]. Another self; hence, a very dear friend. 

Ante damnie [F .]. An instrument or tool of another person. 

Candle-holder. One who holds a candle; hence, an assistant of 
little importance. 

Catspaw. One who is used by another as an instrument to accom- 
plish his purpose. 

Deus ex machina [L.]. A god let down by a machine; an inter- 

Fidus Achates [L.]. Faithful Achates; hence, a devoted friend. 

Guardian angel. The deity that watches over a person; hence, a 

Jackal. An animal supposed to kill game for other animals; hence, 
one who does work for another's advantage. 

Jack at a pinch. A person who takes the place of another in an 

Particeps criminis [L.]. A companion in crime. 

Puppet. A figure moved by a wire in a play; hence, one controlled 
in his actions by the will of another. 

Right hand. A necessary assistant. 

Satellite. A secondary planet which revolves about another; hence, 
an attendant attached to a person of power. 

Tool. An instrument; hence, a person used as an instrument by 
another person. 

Tutelary genius. A protective spirit; hence, a person who protects 
or defends another. 

an-tag"-o-nis'-tic. Opposed. Antagonism-Concur- 
rence, Cooperation-Opposition, Sameness-Con- 

Abettor. One who incites or encourages to an act without taking 

part in its accomplishment. 

Accessory. One who accompanies as a subordinate, or aids in a 
secondary way. 

Accessory after the fact. A person who knowing a crime to have 
been committed receives or assists the criminal. 

Accomplice. One who cooperates or helps, especially in wrongdoing. 

Adherent. One who is attached to or follows a person or party. 

Adjunct. A person associated with another person in an auxiliary 
or subordinate relation. 

Adjutant. An officer who assists a commander. 

Adjuvant. A helper. 

Advocate. One who pleads the cause of another. 

Aide-de-camp. An officer who serves a general. 

Ally. A person connected with another in some relation of help- 

Assistant. One regularly associated with another as a helper. 

Associate. One who is joined with another in business, etc. 

Auxiliary. One who aids or helps. 

Backer. One who upholds by aid of money or influence. 

Bottle-holder. One who attends a pugilist in a prize fight. 

Champion. One who defends or upholds any person or cause. 

Clerk. A hired assistant in an 1 

Coadjutor. An associate in action. 

Coadjutrix. A female assistant. 

Collaborator. One who is associated with another, especially in 
literary or scientific pursuits. 

Colleague. An associate in a board, commission, or professional 

Complice. Sec Accomplice. 

Confederate. One who is united with others in a league or agree- 

Confidant. One to whom secrets are entrusted. 

Confrere [P.]. A fellow-member of an organization. 

Cooperator. One who aids or works with another. 

Friend, etc. See Friend. 

Friend at court. A friend who has influence. 

Friend in need. 

Handmaid. A female servant. 


Helper. ! lp or aid ; one hired to do the work 

Helping hand. 


Marshal. An officer who assists a commander. 

Mate. A companion or associate. 

Mediator. Any agent that stands or goes between. 

Midwife. A woman who assists at childbirth. 

Pal. An associate in crime. 

Partizan. A person blindly or passionately attached to a person or 

Partner. An associate in business. 

Patron. One who protects or supports a person. 

Recruit. One who has recently enlisted in a cause. 

Seconder. An attendant who supports or aids another. 

Secretary. One who attends to correspondence or does writing for 

Sectarian.^. ^ adherent or SU pp 0rt er of a particular sect or school. 

Servant, etc. See Chiep-Underling. 

{Continued on Column 1 .) 

an-tag'-o-nize. To oppose. Antagonism-Concur- 
rence, Cooperation-Opposition, Sameness-Con- 

IOnc v. I 
of another. 




ant-arc -tic. 


Opposed to arctic. Laterality-Contra- 

an"-te-ce'-dence. Act of going before. Antecedencb- 
Seqvence, Precedence-Succession. 


Antecedence. The state of going before in time. 

Anteriority. The state of being prior in time. 

Precedence. The state of being before. 

Precession, etc. The act of going before, etc. See Leading. 

Preezistence. Existence prior to something. 

Priority, The condition of being antecedent. 

The past, etc. See Future-Past. 

Antecedence — Associated Words. 

Precursor. One who goes before. 

Premises. The first two propositions of a syllogism. 

Antecedence — Verbs. 

Anticipate. To take beforehand; to foresee. 

Be beforehand, etc. See Earliness. 

Come before. 

Dawn. To begin to grow light. 

Forerun. To go in advance of. 

Forestall. To anticipate. 

Gain the start. } 

Go before, etc. -See Leading. 

Have the start. J 

Precede. To go before. 

Preexist. To exist previous to something else. 

Presage, etc. To foreknow, etc. See Prophecy. 

Steal a march upon. To get ahead of. 

Antecedence — Adjectives. 

Above-mentioned. Spoken of before. 

Aforesaid. Said before. 

Antecedent. Going before in time. 

Anterior. Prior in time. 

Before-mentioned. Named before. 

Foregoing. Coming before. 

Former. Going before in time. 

Introductory, etc. Serving to introduce, etc. See Predecessor. 

Precedent. Going before. 

Preceding. See Verbs. 

Preexistent. Existing before something else. 

Preexisting. See Verbs. 

Previous. Taking place before something i Ise. 

Prior. Preceding in time. 

Said. Previously mentioned. 

Antecedence — Adverbs. 
Afore. Before. 
Already. Previously. 
Before. In advance. 
Beforehand. By way of preparation. 
Before now. 
Before then. 

Earlier. More timely; before. 
Ere. Earlier or sooner than. 
Ere now. Before now. 
Ere then. Before then. 
Erewhile. Some time ago. 

arj"-te-ce'-den-cy. Precedence. Precedence-Succes- 

an"-te-ce'-dent. Occurring or going before. Antece- 
dence-Sequence, Precedence-Succession, Pred- 

an'-te-cham/'-ber. A waiting room. Contents-Re- 

ante Christum [L.] (an'-ti kris'-tum). Before Christ. 

an'-te-date. An earlier date. Chronology-Anach- 

an"-te-di-lu'-vi-an. Before the flood. Novelty- 

Following, etc. Act of coming after. See Leading-Following. 

Futurity, etc. Time to come, etc. See Future. 

Posteriority. State of being later. 

Remainder. That which is left over. 

Reversion. A return to or toward some former state or condition. 

Sequel, etc. A following part , continuation, etc. See Pkedb* 


Sequence. The state of following, that which follows as a result. 

Subsequence. The state of following. 

Succession. The act of succeeding or following in order. 

Successor. One who or that which succeeds or follows a predecessor. 

Supervention. The act or state of following close upon something. 

Sequence — Verbs. 
Come after. 

Follow, etc. To succeed in order or in time See Leading-Fol- 
Follow after. 
Go after. 

Step into the shoes of. To take the place of. 
Succeed. To follow in proper order. 
Supervene. To follow closely upon. 

Sequence — Adjectives. 
After. Later in time. 
After-dinner. Post-prandial. 
Following, See Verbs. 

Future, etc. Pertaining to time to come, etc. See Future. 
Later. Longer delayed. 

SSSmU Happening since Noah's flood. 
Posterior. Later in time or place. 
Posthumous. Born after the father's death ; published after the 

death of the author. 
Postliminious. Done subsequently. 
Postnate. Subsequent. 

Subsequent. Coming after in time or in order of place. 
Succeeding. See Verbs. 

Sequence — Adverbs. 

After; after a time; after a while; afterwards; at a later period; at a 
subsequent period; close upon; eftsoons; from that moment; 
from that time; in the process of time; in the sequel; later; next; 
since; subsequently; thereafter; thereupon; upon which. 


ANTECEDENCE— Adverbs— Continued. 

On the eve of. Just before. 
Previously. See Adjectives. 
Prior to. B( : 

Theretofore. Up to that time. 
Yet. Until now. 

Antecedence — Phrase. 

Prior tempore, prior jure [L.]. First in time, first in right, 
come, first served." 

an'-te-lope. An animal allied to the deer and goat. 

an"-te-mun'-dane. Occurring before the existence of 
the world. Novelty-Antiquity. 

an-ten'-na. An appendage of the head of an insect. 

an"-te-po-si'-tion. The placing of a word before an- 
other. Precedence-Sccces- i 

an-te'-ri-or. Earlier; before. Antecedence-! 

Anteriority-Posi i riority, Precedence-Succes- 
sion; anterior to reason, Ratiocinatk n-Instinct. 

an-te"-ri-or'-i-ty. Precedence in time, < rder, or place. 
Antecedence-Sequeni e, Anteriority-Posterior- 
ity, Precedence-Succession. 

The state or condition of preceding in time or in 

Face. Side of an object presented to view 
Fore. That which is in front 

After-part. That which forms the back of anything. 
Back. ect turned away from its front. 

Background. The part of a scene which is behind the principal 
ob.n ' t of a pit ture. 




Forepart. The part most advanced, or first in ti placi 

Wont. I he surface which seems to look out or be direc ted forward 

Frontage. Extent of front. 

Anthkiokii s /.<, notations. 

Advanced guard. A body of troops which ] the march of the 

main body. 
Beak. Anything projecting or , nding in a p. .int , as the bill of a bird 
Bow. I he forward part of a ship. 

Brow. The i 

Countenance. Tin fai e 

Disc, i . 

Disk. I Projecting, circular part of anything. 

Facade. The front of a building. 

Fascia. A band about a column or pillar. 

Foreground. The part of a so ented which i nean t to 

the spectator. 
Forehead. The front part of the head. 
Forerank. The first rank. 
Frontispiece. An ornamental picture fronting the first pagi 

In ii il: 
Frontrank. The first rank. 
Mug. A lang expression for face. 
Obverse. One side of a medal. 
Outpost. A guard in front of an army. 
Phiz. The face 
Physiognomy. The outline of features. 

Prow ' J ^^ e ^ ore P art °^ a sn 'P- 
Rostrum. The beak or head of a ship. 

Stem. A piece of timber to which thi two sides of a are united 

at the fore. 
Van. The advance of a moving body. 
Vanguard. An advanced body of troi 
Visage. The face. 


Anteriority — Associated Word. 

Metoposcopy. The study , if the features of a person to discover 

Anteriority— Verbs 

Confront. To fai e to face. 
Face. To meet front to front. 
Front. To have the fri 

Anteriority — Verbal Expressions. 

Be in front; bend forwards; come to the fore; come to the front- 
go to the front; stand in front; stand in the face of. 

Anteriority — Adjectives. 

Anterior. Preceding in time or place. 
Fore. At the front. 

Frontal. Pertaining to the front ; usually of the head 
Anteriority — A,! • 

Ahead; before; before one's eyes; before one's face; face to face- 
foremost; headmost; in advance; in the front; in the foreground : 
in the lee of; in the van; right ahead. 

Anteriority — /','. 

Front a front [F.] Front to front. 
Vis-a-vis [F.] Face to face. 

an'-te-room. A waiting-room. Contents-Receiver 
an -te-vert'. To tip forward. Obstruction-Help. 
an'-them. A musical composition. Devoi ion-Idola- 


an-the'-mi-on. The honeysuckle pattern in decorative 
designs. Embellishment-Disfiguremen r. 

an-thol'-o-gy. A collection of extracts from various 
authors. Digest. Poetry-Prose. 

an'-thra-cite. Hard mineral coal. Combustible. 

an-throp'-ic. Human. Male-Female. 

an ^-thro-pog'-e-ny. The science of man. Humanity. 

an -thro-pog'-ra-phy. Descriptive anthropolocrv. Eth- 
nology, Humanity. 

Backside. The hinder part. 

Posteriority. State of being in the rear or behind. 
Rear. iect. 

Reverse. The back or rear as distinguished from the front. 
Posteriority — Denote: 

Breech. Part of a gun or cannon behind t 

Buttock. j 

Chine. The back, 01 bai >. bone of a ani 

Croup. Portion of a horse's back b. 

Crupper. The croup. 

Dorsal region. The back. 

Dorsum. The back. 

Heel. The posterior part of the foot. 

Heel-piece. Part of a stocking 

Loins. Part ol the body between the Ion. : bone 

Lumbar region. The regii 

Nape. The back of the neck. 

Occiput. The lower back part of the 

Other side of the shield. 

Poop. Tin 

Posteriors. The hinder parts of n ■ 

Rear guard, i 

Rear rank. I ' ''' l ,,: ' n °' a ">■><■■ 

Rump. The hinder parts of an am 

Scut. A short t. 

Stern. The bai k part of a ship 

Tail. The hindermost part of an animal. 

Train. That which is drawn a 

Wake. Course over which anything .. 

Posteriority— 1 . rial / lira . 

Be behind; be in the rear; bend backwards; bring up the rear- fall 

Posteriority — Adjectives 
After Coming behind. 
Back. Behind. 

Caudal. Pertaining to the tail of an animal. 
Dorsal. Of, or pertaining to the ! 
Hind. ) _ 

Hinder. I Pertalnln 8 to the rear part. 
Hindermost. [ _ _. , , 
Hindmost. / F '"' 
Lumbar. 1 

Posterior. Back or behind. 
Postern. Rear 
Rear. Behind. 

Pi stbriority — Adverbs. 
Aback. Backwards. 
Abaft. At t i ship. 

Aft. In the dire< I tern. 

After. Coming behind. 
Astern. Behind the stern. 
Behind. To the n 
Rearward. Toward the 
Sternmost. Farthest behind. 

Posteriority— Adverbial Expressions. 

At the back of; at the heels of; at the tail of. back to back- behind 
one s back; in the background; in the rear. 

Posteriority — Phrase 
Ogni medaglia ha il suo rovescio [It.] edal has its re' 

an'-thro-poid. Manlike. Humanity. 
an"-thro-po-log'-ic-al. P, tomaninanya 


an"-thro-pol'-o-gist. Asti 

an''-thro-pol-o-gy. The science of man. Ethno 

Humanity, Zoology- Botany. 
an'-thro-po-man"-cy. Divination by inspection of 

human entrails. Proph I 
an"-thro-poph'-a-gi. Eater of human flesh Bene- 


an"-thro-poph'-a-gist. A cannibal. Benefactor-Evil- 




an"-thro-po-pho'-bi-a. Unreasonable aversion to so- 
ciety. Sociability-Privacy. 

an"-thro-pos'-co-py. Art of determining a man's char- 
acter from physical features. Prophecy. 

an"-thro-pos'-o-phy. Wisdom about man. Eth- 
nology, Humanity. 

an'-tic. A funny action. Entertainment-Weariness. 

antichambre [F.] (cur-ti-s)ianbr'). An antechamber. 
jaire antichambre (fer an-ti-shanbr'). To dance 
attendance. Earliness-Lateness. 

An'-ti-christ. A false Christ. Orthodoxy-Heter- 

an"-ti-chris'-tian. Opposed to Christ or Christianity. 
Godliness-Disbelief, Orthodoxy-Heterodox y. 

an"-ti-chris"-ti-an'-i-ty. Anything antichristian. God- 

an-tich'-ro-nism. Deviation from the true order of 
time. Chronology-Anachronism. 

an-tic'-i-pate. To foresee; to look forward to; to act 
sooner than. Antecedence-Sequence, Chro- 
nology-Anachronism, Earliness-Lateness, Ex- 
pectation-Surprise, Future-Past, Preparation- 
Non pre pa ration. Sanguineness-Hopelessness. 

an-tic"-i-pa'-tion. Act of anticipating. Chronology- 
Anachronism, Earliness-Lateness, Expectation- 
Surprise, Preparation-Nonpreparation, San- 

an-tic'-i-pa-to-ry. Anticipating. Earliness-Lateness. 

an"-ti-cli'-max. A sudden descent; decrease in the 
importance of what is said. Adage-Nonsense, 
Increase-Decrease, Society-Ludicrousness. 

an-ti-cli'-nal. Forming a bend with the convex side 
upward. Parallelism-Inclination. 

an"-ti-cline'. Strata dipping in opposite directions. 

an'-ti-dote. Anything that will counteract the effects 
of poison. Remedy-Bane. 

an"-ti-grop'-e-los. Water-proof leggings. Dress- 

an'-ti-he"-lix. The round ridge of the inner ear. 

an"-ti-log'-a-rithm. The number corresponding to a 
given logarithm. Number. 

an-til'-o-gy . Self-contradiction. Ratiocination- 

an'-ti-mo-ny. A silver-white metallic element, largely 
used in medicine. Remedy-Bane. 

an"-ti-no'-mi-an. Pertaining to the doctrine that faith 
frees the man from the claims of the moral law. 

an-tin'-o-my. Self-contradiction in law. Law-Law- 

An-tin'-o-us. A part of the constellation Aquila, named 
after a handsome page of the Emperor Hadrian. 

an"-ti-par'-al-lel. Parallel but running in opposite 
directions. Parallelism-Inclination. 

an-tip'-a-thy. Aversion or dislike. Desire-Distaste, 

an'-ti-phon. An alternation of responses, generally 
musical. Devotion-Idolatry, Investigation- 
Answer, Music. 

an-tiph'-o-ny. An alternating anthem. Investiga- 

an-tiph'-ra-sis. Irony. Word-Neology. 

an-tip'-o-dal. <• po ed Faterai.ity-Contraposition. 

an-tip"-o-de'-an. Antipodal. Sameness-Contrast. 

an-tip'-o-des. A place on the opposite side oi i he earth; 
■ tly opposite Laterality-Contraposition, 
Remoteness-Nearness, Sameness-Contrast. 

an"-ti-qua'-ri-an. A student of antiquities. Future- 
Fast, Scholar-Di ' 

an"-ti-qua'-ri-an-ism. The tastes or pursuits of the 
antiquary. Future- Past. 

an'-ti-qua-ry. A student of antiquity from a particular 
point of view. Future-Past, Recorder, Scholar- 

antiquas vias, super stare [L.] (an-tai'-quas vai'-as 
siu'-per ste'-ri). To stand in the old ways. Con- 
servation, Habit-Desuetude. 

an'-ti-qua"-ted. Out of date. Infancy-Age. 

an-tique'. Old. Novelty-Antiquity. 

an-tique'-ness. Oldness. Future-Past. 

an-tiq'-ui-ty. Ancient times. Future-Past, Novelty- 

an-ti-scrip'-tur-al. Opposed to the principles or doc- 
trines of Scripture. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

an"-ti-sep'-tic. Anything that destroys the growth of 
putrefactive organs. Remedy-Bane. 

an-ti-so'-cial. Averse to society. Humanitarianism- 

an'-ti-spast. A metrical foot consisting of an iambus 
and a trochee. Poetry-Prose. 

an-tis'-tro-phe. The lines of an ode sung by a chorus 
in returning from left to right. Poetry-Prose, 

an-tith'-e-sis . A figure of speech in which contrasted 
words are balanced against each other. Purity- 
Crudeness, Rhetoric, Sameness-Contrast Sim- 
plicity-Floridness, Synonym-Antonym, Vigor- 

an"-ti-thet'-ic-al. Strongly contrasted. Sameness- 
Contrast, Simplicity-Floridness, Vigor-Weak- 

an-tit'-ra-gus. A prominence on the external ear. 

an'-ti-type. The original of the type. Copy-Model. 

ant'-ler. A sharp branched outgrowth on the head of 
a deer. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

ant"-on-c-ma'-si-a. The substitution of a title for a 
proper name. Name-Misnomer, Trope. 

an'-to-nym. A counter-term.-. Synonym-Antonym. 

an'-vil. An iron block, on which metals are ham- 
mered. Suspension-Support; on the anvil, Occu- 
pation, Preparation-Nonpreparation, Purpose- 

anx-i'-e-ty. Distress of mind. Desire-Distaste, 
Pleasure-Pain, Sanguineness-Timidity. 

anx'-ious. Distressed. Desire-Distaste ; anxious ex- 
pectation, Expectation-Surprise. 

an'-y. One; portion of; some of whatever kind. 
Choice-Neutrality, Quantity-Measure, Whole- 
Part; at any price, Determination-Vacillation, 
Persistence-Whim ; at any rate, Certainty-Doubt, 
Compensation, Determination-Vacillation, 
Truth-Error ; at any time, Time. 

an'-y-bod"-y. Any person whatever. Universality- 

an'-y-how". In any way whatever; indifferently. 
Carefulness-Carelessness, Way. 

an'-y-thing. A matter of any sort. For anything one 
knows, Knowledge-Ignorance. 

a'-o-rist. Without any limitation of time. Period- 
Progress, Time; aorist tense, Verb. 

a"-o-ris'-tic. Relating to the aorist. Period-Prog- 
ress, Time. 

a-or'-ta. The great artery of the body. Water- 
course- A IRPIPE. 

a-pace'. Fast; soon. Earliness-Lateness, Hurry- 
Leisure, Swiftness-Slowness. 

a-part'. Aside by itself. Rlmoteness-Nearness, 
Solitude-Company, Union- Disunion; set apart. 
Store; wide apart, Remoteness-Nearness. 

a-part'-ment. A room or portion of an interior. Con- 
tbnts-Receivk.k ; apartments to let, Sagacity-L - 
capacity. Sensitiveness-Apathy. 

ap"-a-thet'-ic. Impassive. 




ap'-a-thy. Insensibility to emotion. 

Apathy, Unconcern. 
ape. To imitate absurdly. Imitation-Originality. 
A-pell'-es. A famous Greek painter. Artist. 
aperyu, [F.] (a-per-su'). An estimate at sight. Digest. 

a-pe'-ri-ent. A laxative. Aperture-Closure. 
a-per'-tion. An aperture. Aperture-Closure. 
a-pert'-ness. That which opens. Groove. 
ap'-er-ture. An opening. Aperture-Closure. 


Adit. An opening into a mine. 

Adjutage. An opening «f a tube through which water is discharged. 

Airpipe. A pipe for the passage of air 

Aisle. A passage into which the pews of a church open. 

Ajutage. See Adjutage. 

Alley. An opening or passage in a garden, park or city 

Aperture. An i opening, 

Arcade. An arched or covered passageway. 

Blind orifice. An opening closed at one end. 

Bore. An opening made by boring, the cylindrical cavity of a gun. 

Caliber. The diameter of a round or cylindrical opening 

Canal. An artificial channel for navigation. 

Casement. A window. 

Channel. An opening where a stream of water runs. 

Chasm. A breach or opening in the earth. 

Chimney. A flue of brick or stone through which smoke passes. 

Colander. A kitchen utensil with the bottom perforated with little 

holes for straining liquids. 
Cribble. A coarse sieve or screen. 
Cullender. A strainer. 

_, ' \ An entrance way into a house or a room. 

Doorway. > 

Embouchure [P.]. The mouth of a cannon. 

Embrasure. An opening in a wall through which cannon are pointed. 

Eye. A hole through anything to receive a rope, shaft, etc. 

Eyelet. A small hole to receive a cord or fastener, in a garment. 

Eye of a needle. The hole through the head uf a needle to r 

the thread. 
Fan light. A fan window. 
Fistula. An abnormal opening in the body caused by a diseased 

Flue. An enclosed passageway for directing a current i if air. 
Foramen. A small opening or orifice for performing organic fun 
Funnel. A passage for a fluid or flowing substance. 
Gallery. A long and narrow passage for walking. 
Gangway. A passage or way into any enclosed place. 
Gate. An opening or passage in a wall or fence; a frame closing it. 
Gateway. See Gate. 

Glade. An open passage through a wood. 

Gullet. The tube or opening by which food is carried to the stomach. 
Gully. A channel or hollow worn in the earth by a current of w at< r. 
Gut. A narrow passage through which water flows. 

Hole. An opening through a solid body. 
Honeycomb. The wax of bees perforated with small cell 
Inlet. An opening by which an enclosed place may be entered. 
Keyhole. A hole in a door or lock for receiving a key. 
Lattice. A screen or other open work made by crossing laths. 
Light. A window. 

Loophole. A small opening in the walls of a fortificati< n 
Lych-gate. A covered gate at a church through which the corpse 

is carried. 
Main. A duct or pipe. 
Mine. A subterranean cavity or passage. 
Mouse hole. An opening through which mice pass 
Mouth. The opening in the fai e 
Muzzle. The mouth of a thing. 
Nozzle. The outlet of a hose or pipe. 
Opening. A hole or aperture. 
Orifice. The mouth of a tube or pipe. 
Ostiary. The mouth of a river. 
Outlet. The opening by which anything is let out. 
Passage. Channel or course through which one passes 
Path. A way or course in which anything moves. 
Peephole. A hole or crevice through which one may peep without 

being discovered. 
Perforation. A hole made by boring or piercing. 
Pigeon-hole. A small compartment in a desk. 
Pinhole. A hole made by a pin. 
Pipe. A tube for leading water. 
Pit. A subterranean cavity. 
Porch. A covered and enclosed entrance. 
Pore. An opening or gland in the skin. 
Portal. A way of entrance or exit. 

!■ An opening in the deck of a ship. 

Blind alley. A passage closed at one end. 

Blind corner. Turn from which there is no opening. 

Blockade. A shutting up. 

Cacum. A cavity open only at one end; the blind gut. 

Closure. That which closes or shuts. 

Constipation. A shutting up of the bowels. 

Contraction. Act of shrinking or closing. 

Cul dc sac [F.]. A blind alley. 

Imperf oration. The act of closing as not to permit anything to pass 

Impermeability. The quality of not permitting passage through. 
Imperviousness, etc. See Adjectives. 
Infarction. Act of stuffing or filling up. 
Obstipation. Act of stuffing. 

Obstruction. Anything which hinders a passage through. 
Occlusion. Act of shutting up. 
Shutting up. A closing. See Verbs. 
Stopper. That which closes or stops. See Stopper. 

Closure — Verbs. 

Bar. To close an opening or entrance. 

Blockade. To shut off. 

Bolt. To shut by means of a bar. 

Choke. To obstruct the passage of. 

Clinch. To close as with a nail. 

Close. To shut. 

Cram. To push into by force. 

Dam. To stop the flow of water. 

Obstruct, etc. To hinder. See Obstruction. 

Occlude. To close up a passage. 

Plug. To insert a plug in an opening. 

Plumb. To close with li a 

Seal. To close tightly. 

Stop. To prevent from passing. 

Throttle. To prevent the passage of breath. 

Trap. To shut as in a trap. 

Clos URB — 1 V rhal Expressions. 
Block up; bung up; button up; cork up; dam up; fill up; shut Vfi 
stop up; stuff up; put to the door; ram down; shut the door. 

Closure — Adjectives. 

Airtight. Cli i ' air cannot < 

Cascal. Pertaining to the cEcum. 

Closed, etc. Shut. 

Hermetically sealed. Closed as to make airtight 

Impassable. Not to be passed through. 

Impenetrable. Not to be passed, through. 

Imperforate. Without holes. 

!m P er£ous Ie '} Not r cr "» ttin e * passage. 

Imporous. Without pores or holes. 

Invious. Without a way or passage. 

Operculated. Having a lid or cover. 

Pathless. Unopened. 

Shut. Closed. 

Snug. Closely cow 

Tight. Closed. 

Unopened. Closed. 

Unpassable. Not permitting a passage. 

Unpierced. Without holes through. 

Untrodden. Without a way. 

Unventilated. Closed that air cannot pass through 

Watertight. Impervious to water. 

Wayless. Pathless. 

APERTURE— Continued. 

Porthole. An opening in a ship's side. 

Postern. A gate in a fortification. 

Puncture. An opening made by a sharp tool. 

Riddle. A coarse sieve. 

Screen. A long, coarse sieve. 

Shaft. An opening or passage into a mine. 




APERTURE— Continued. 

Sieve. A utensil with a perforated bottom. 

Skylight. An opening in a roof. 

Sucker. A pipe through which anything is drawn. 

Tap. A hole or pipe through which liquor is drawn. 

Thoroughfare. A passage through. 

Throat. The passage from the mouth to the gullet. 

Trapdoor. An opening in a roof or floor. 

Tube. An opening through which anything flows. 

Tubule. A small tube. 

Tunnel. A subterranean passage. 

Vent. A passage for air or any fluid. 

Vessel. Any tube or canal. 

Vista. A passage between intervening objects. 

Vomitory. A principal door of a large ancient building. 

Waterpipe. A passage for water. 

"Way. Any walk or passage. 

Weasand. The windpipe. 

Wicket. A small gate. 

Window. An opening in the wall of a building. 

Wizen. The windpipe. 

Aperture — Nouns of Action and Quality. 

Acupuncture. Act of pricking with a needle. 

Apertion. Act of opening. 

Apertness. State of being open. 

Dehiscence. The act of gaping. 

Empalement. Act of thrusting a sharpened stake into. 

Hiation. Act of gaping. 

Oscitancy. Act of yawning. 

Pandiculation. Act of spreading out. 

Patefaction. The act of opening. 

Penetration. Act of making an opening in. 
Perforation. Act of boring or piercing through. 
Perfusion. Act of piercing with a pointed instrument. 
Piercing. Act of making a hole in. See Verbs. 

p usn ess i ^' le ^ ua ^ tv °^ De ' n g porous, or full of holes. 

Puncture. The act of piercing. 

Terebration. The act of boring. 

Yawning. Act of opening wide or of gaping. 

Aperture — Nouns of Instrument. 

Key. An instrument by which a lock is opened. 
Master-key. A key adapted to open several different locks 

Opener. Any instrument which unlocks or opens. 
Passe-partout [F.]. A master-key. 

Aperture — Verbs. 

Bilge. To stave in the bottom of. 

Bore. To make a hole by boring. 

Cut a passage through. 

Cut open. 

Drill. To pierce or bore through. 

Empierce. To pierce. 

Enfilade. To pierce with shot. 

Fly open. 

Gape. To open the mouth wide. 

Gore. To pierce with a sharp instru: i 

Impale. To thrust a sharp stake thr 

Lance. To pierce with a lance. 

-Lay open. 

Make room for.) ~, 

Make way for. i To open a P assa « e - 

Mine. To dig a passage or cavity. Sec Convexity-Concavity. 

Ooen f ^° nia ^ e Passage possible. 
Perforate. To make holes through. 
Pierce. To make an opening in. 
Pink. To stab with a pointed weapon. 

Prick. To pierce with a fine sharp point. 

Punch. To perforate with an instrument by pressure or by a blow 

Puncture. To make a hole with a sharp-pointed instrument. 

Riddle. To make full of holes. 

Rip open. To tear. 

Spear. To pierce with a spear. 

Spike. To pierce with a spike. 

Spit. To pierce as on a spit. 

Stab. To pierce with a sharp instrument. 

Stave in. To fracture by a blow from the outside. 

Stick. To thrust through. 

Tap. To make a hole in a cask. 

Throw open. 

Transfix. To pierce with a pointed weapon. 

Transpierce. To penetrate. 

Tunnel. To make an underground passage. 

Unclose. To open. 

Uncover. To lay open. 

Unrip. To tear apart. 

Yawn. To open the mouth wide. 

Aperture — Adjectives. 

Ajar. Open. 

Aperient. Tending to open the bowels. 

Cannular. Tube shaped. 

Cribiform. Pierced with small holes. 

Fistulous. Hollow. 

Follicular. In the form of small tubes. 

Foraminous. In the shape of a foramina. 

Gaping. Displaying an opening. 

Honey-combed. Full of cells or openings. 

Infundibular. Funnel shaped. 

Open. Not closed; permitting something to pass through. 

Opening, etc. See Verbs. 

Oscitant. Yawning or gaping. 

Patent. Open. 

Perforate. Full of holes. 

Aperture — Inter i-, tion. 
Open sesame! A charm used to open a door in the Arabian Nights' tale, "AH Baba and the Forty Thieves." 

Perforated. Pierced with holes. See Verbs. 
Permeable. Capable of allowing liquids to pass through. 
Pervious. Capable of being passed through. 
Porous. Full of holes. 
Riddled. Pierced with holes. 

Tubulou's.} Havi "S a tube-like form. 
Tubulated. Provided with tubes 
Unclosed. Open. 
Unstopped. Not closed. 
Vascular. Having vessels. 
Vesicular. Like a cell. 
Wide open. 
Yawning. Standing widi 

■pex. The pointed or highest point. Astronomy. 
'P. .. r>~ — ,.. 

Ti ip-Bottom 

from the 



or a letter from 
a-pho'-ni-a. Loss 


The point in a planet's orbit farthest 
sun. Astronomy, Remoteness Ni-.ak- 

The dropping of an unaccented syllable 
om the beginning of a word. RHETORIC. 
T.rv=<: of voice. VoC ALlZATION-MuTE- 

aph'-o-nous. Not representing a sound. Vocaliza- 


aph'-o-ny. Loss of voice. Vocalization-Muteness. 

aph'-o-rism. A briei statement of seientific matters. 

aph"-o-ris'-tic. Pertaining to an aphorism. Adage- 

a'-pi-a-ry. Place where bees are kept. Domestica- 




A-pi'cius. A Roman epicure. Fasting-Gluttony. 

a-piece'. Foreachone. Universality-Particularity. 

a'-pish. Like an ape. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

ap"-la-nat'-ic. Free from spherical chromatic aberra- 
tion. Color-Achromatism. 

a-plomb'. Self-possession; erectncss. Assent-Dis- 
sent, Determination-Vacillation, Mutability- 

A-poc'-a-lypse. The revelation to the Apostle John. 
Kkvelation-Pseudorevela i 

a-poc"-a-lyp'-tic. Relating to Revelations. Revela- 

a-poc'-o-pe. A cutting off of the last letter or syllable 
of a word. Rhetoric. 

A-poc'-ry-pha. Fourteen books in the Vulgate and 
Septuagint versions of the Bible. Revelation- 


A-poc'-ry-phal. Not canonical. Certainty-Do 
Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy, Truth-Hi; i 

ap"-o-dic'-tic. Indisputable. Proof-Disproof. 

ap"-o-dic'-tic-al. Indisputable. Proof-Disproi if. 

ap"-o-dix'-is. Absolute demonstration. Proof-Dis- 

ap'-o-gee. That point of the moon's orbit which is 
most distant from the earth. ASTRONOMY. 

ap'-o-graph. A transcript or facsimile. Copy-Model. 

A-pol'-lo. The god of the sun and of music; a statue 
of the god Apollo, the most perfect representation 
of the human form. Beauty-Ugliness, Luminary- 
Shade, Musician, Universe. 

Apollo magnus [L.] (a-pol'-lo mag'-nus). Great Apollo. 
Advice, Sage-Fool. 

A-pol'-lyon. The destroyer, Abaddon. Angel-Satan. 

a-pol"-o-get'-ic. Like an apology. Justification- 

a-pol'-o-gist. A defender. Ji riFi ition-Charge. 

a-pol'-o-gize. To offer an excuse. Atonement, Justi- 

ap'-o-logue. A fable or moral talc. Account, Edu< l- 
tion-Misteaching, Trope. 

a-pol'-o-gy. A disclaimer of intentional offi 
Atonement, Justification-Charge, Pretext, Re- 

ap'-o-phthegm. [Approved spelling in England.] A 
terse pointed saving; An aj >thi Adage-Non- 


a-poph'-y-sis. An outgrowth or protuberance. Con- 

ap'-o-plex-y. A stroke of paralysis or loss of power of 
motion. Might- Impotence. 

ap"-o-si-o-pe'-sis. A figure in which the speaker leaves 
a sentence incomplete. Rhetoric. 

a-pos'-ta-sy. Departure from one's faith or relij 
Bigotry-Apostasy, Orthodoxy-Hi iterodoxy, Up- 

a-pos'-tate. A renegade. Patriotism-Trea 

a-pos'-ta-tize. To forsake a faith. BlGOTRY-A 

a-pos'-tle. A follower of Christ; a mi In- 


Apostles' Creed, Orthodoxy-IIei i. i: i 

' .' tNCE - 
Air. Appearance. 

Appearance. A coming in sight ; the look of a pi 
Aspect. .e to eye or mind ; look. 

Contour. The outline of anything. 
Coup d'tril [F.]. A glance of the eye. 
Display. Opening of anything to the view. 
Exposure. A placing out in view. 
Expression. Act of representing; external .i 
Face of the thing. The outside a] 
Feature. Appearance of any part of the pla 
Guise. External appearance. 
Insignia. Some distingui 

honor. See Sign'. 
Lineament. Marks on the fa e 

a-pos'-tle-ship. Office of Apostle. Church. 

ap'os-tol'-ic. Pertaining to an apostle. Church, 
Revelation-Pseudorevelation; apostolic church, 
Orthodox . -Heterodoxy; apostolic see, Churi 

ap"-os-tol'-ic-al. Of the apostles. Revelation- 

a-pos'-tro-phe. A figure of speech. Address-Re- 
sponse, i M inologue, Petition-Ex- 

postulation. Kill 1' IRII 

a-pos'-tro-phize. To speak i: phes. Conver- 


a-poth'-e-ca-ry. A druggist. Remedy-Bane; apothe- 
cary's weight, Heaviness-Lightness. 

ap'-o-thegm. A truth strikingly expressed in a few 
wonls. Aii.M.i -Nonsense. 

ap"-o-the'-o-sis. Deification. Devotion-Idolatry, 
Heaven-Hell, Renewal. 

ap'-o-zem. A i I infusion. Heating-Cooling, 


ap-pal'. To terrify. Pleasurableness-Painfulness, 
Sang uin e n es s-Ti m i hit y. 

ap-pal'-ling. Horrifying. Pleasurableness-Pain- 

ap'-pa-nage. A dependent territory. Giving-Receiv- 
ing. Property. 

ap"-pa-ra'-tus. A machine for a special purpose. In- 

apparatus belli [L.] (ap"-pa-iv'-tus bel'-lai). Material 
of war. Weapon. 

ap-par'-el. Garments. Dress-Undress. 

ap-par'-ent. Clearl) 1. Appearance-Disap- 

pearance, Likelihood-Unlikelihood, Manifesta- 
tion-Latency, Visibility-Invisibility; heir ap- 
parent, Possessor. 

ap"-pa-ri'-tion. A ghost. Jove-Fiend, Sight-Dim- 

ap-par'-i-tor. An official who served the orders of a 
magistrate. Messenger. 

ap-peach'. To accuse. Justification-Charge. 

ap-peach'-ment. Accusation. J ustification-Charge. 

ap-peal'. An earnest request ; resort to higher power or 
final means; carrying a case from a lower to a higher 
court. Address-Response, Petition-Expostula- 
tion; appeal from Philip drunk to Philip sober, Bet- 
terment-Deterioration; appeal motion, Litiga- 
tion; appeal to, Address-Response, Evidence- 
Counterevidence, Petition- Expostulation; 
appeal to arms, Fighting-Conciliation, Strife- 
Peace; appeal to for, Dueness-Undueness; court of 
appeals, Council, Tribunal. 

ap-pear'. To come into view. Appearance-Disap- 
pearance, Manifi i-Latency, Visibility- 
Invisibility; appear for, Representative; appear 
in print, Writing-Printing. 

ap-pear'-ance. Act of coming into view. Appearance- 
Disappearance; Visibility-Invisibility; make 
one's appearance, Arri \rture; to all ap- 

pearance, Appearance-Disappearance, Likeli- 

disappear. \ 

Departure. Act of going away, withdrawal. 
Disappearance. Going out of sight, hidden from the senses. 
Dissolving views. Magic lantern views that are made to gradually 

. away. 
Eclipse. Hiding from view by something coming betwe 
Evanescence. A slow disappearance from view. 
Exit. A going out. 
Fading. Losing its color. 
Occultation. A covering from view. 
Vanishing point. The point of disappearance. 

Disappearance — Verbs. 
Avaunt. Depart. 
Be gone. See Adjet 





Lines. Limits of figures, outlines. 

Look. The act of looking; general air of face. 

Lookout. An act of looking for or watching. 

Outline. The contour; the boundary- 

Outlook. The aspect. 

Outside. The external part; the exterior. See Outsidb. 

Pageant. An imposing show. 

Pageantry. Spectacles; pompous shows. See Pomp. 

Perspective. A distant view. 

Phase. An appearance of things to anyone. 

Phasis. Same as phase. 

Phenomenon. An appearance. 

Premonstration. A showing beforehand. 

Presence. State of being present. 

Profile. The outline of face. 

Prospect. A looking forward; view. 

Scene. An assemblage of objects brought to view. 

Seeming. An appearance. 

Shape. Anything having form; an appearance. See Form. 

Show. An exhibition; a setting forth. 

Sight. The act of seeing; a spectacle. 

Species. Visible appearance. 

Spectacle. Something that is put up for show. 

Toumure [F.]. Shape; figure. 

Trait. A singular feature, as of character. 

View. The act of looking closely and carefully. 

Vista. A view through intervening objects. 

Appearance — Associated Nouns. 

Bird's-eye view; carriage; cast; cast of countenance; color; com- 
plexion; cosmorama; countenance; coup de thiatre [F.]; de- 
meanor ; diorama ; dissolving views ; face ; gallanty-show ; geo- 
rama; image; jeu de theatre [F.]; landscape; light; magic lantern; 
mien; mise en scene [F.]; ombres chinoiscs [F."|; panorama; peep- 
show; phantasm; phantasmagoria ; phantom (see Dimsighted- 
ness); phiz; physiognomy; picture; point of view; port; raree 
show; scenery; tableau; visage. 

Cut of one's jib. 
First blush. 
Rising of the curtain. 

■Figurative Nouns. 

Appearance — Scientific Noun. 
Metoposcopy. Science of physiognomy. 

Appearance — Verbs. 

Appear. To come to view, to be evident itself to the senses. 
Assume the appearance. To take upon oneself appearance, to affect 

the appearance. 
Bear the appearance. To maintain the appearance. 
Become visible. To be apparent. 

Be visible. To be evident to the senses. See Visibility. 
Carry the appearance. 
Cut a figure. To make an exhibition. 
Exhibit the appearance. 
Figure. To be noted and conspicuous. 
Have the appearance. 

Look. To discern that to which the eyes are directed. 
Look like. To resemble. 
Present the appearance of. 
Present to the view. 
Seem. To be manifest on reflection. 

DISAPPEARANCE— Verbs— Continued. 
Disappear. To withdraw from view. 

Dissolve. To separate into its parts, to waste away, to disappear. 
Efface. To make disappear. See Mark-Obliteration. 
Fade. To slowly experience an effacement of. 

Go off the stage. To disappear from active life. 
Leave no track. To disappear entirely. 
"Leave not a rack behind." To disappear completely. [Tempest: 

1 V, i ] 
Lose sight of. To vanish. 
Melt away. To disappear slowly. 
Pass away. Togo away. 
Retire from sight. To disappear. 
Suffer an eclipse. 1„ . <.*-.•_ 

Undergo an eclipse. J To be put out of »* ht - 
Vanish. To fade away. 

Disappearance — Adjectives 

Disappearing. See Verbs. 

Evanescent. Passing away by degrees. 

Gone. Moved away. 

Lost. Not to be found, wasted. 

Lost to sight. \ Ts. , . . , 

Lost to view .; Disappeared, vanished. 

Missing. Lost to sight. 

Disappearance — Interjections. 

Avaunt. See Injection-Ejection. 


Vanish I 

APPEARANCE— Verbs— Continued. 
Put forth into view. See Manifestation. 


Take on the appearance of 
Take the appearance. 
Wear the appearance 

Appearance — Adjectives 

Apparent. Manifest to the senses. 

On view. Visible. 

Ostensible. Presented as real or true, avowed. 

Seeming. Apparent to the mind on reflection. 

Appearance — Adverbs. 

Apparently. In a seeming manner. 

As it seems. Apparently. 

At first sight. On the first view. 

At the first blush. At the first appearance. 

In the eyes of. In the mental view of. 

On the face of. On external appearance. 

Ostensibly. Affectedly, professedly. 

Prima facie [L.J. On the first view. 

Seemingly. In a seeming way. 

To all appearance.) . , 

t 11 _• f -As far as we can see. 

To all seeming. ) 

To the eye. To the view. 

Appearance — Phrase. 
Editio princeps [L.]. First edition. 

ap-pear'-ances . Aspect of the circumstances. Keep up 

appearances, Society-Ludicrousness. 
ap-pease'. To soothe. Excitability-In excitability, 

ap-pel'-lant. One who appeals. Dueness-Undueness. 
ap-pel'-late. Having jurisdiction of appeals. Tribunal. 
ap"-pel-la'-tion. The name or title by which a person 

or thing is called. Name-Misnomer. 
ap-pend". To add or attach. Addition-Subtraction, 

Precedence-Succession, Suspension-Support. 
ap-peL.d"-age. Anything added. Incrbment-Rem- 

nant, Predecessor-Continuation. 
•p-pen"-di-ci'-tis. Inflammation of the vermiform 

appendix of the caecum. Remedy-Bane. 

ap-pen'-dix. Supplementary matter placed at the end' 
of a book. Predecessor-Continuation. 

ap"-per-cep'-tion. Self-consciousness. Conception- 

ap"-per-tain'. To pertain or belong to. Connection- 
Independence, Constituent-Alien, Holding-Ex- 
emption, Property. 

ap'-pe-tence. Strong craving. Desire-Distaste. 

ap'-pe-ten-cy. Strong desire. Desire-Distaste. 

ap'-pe-ti-ble. Exciting the appetite. Desire-Dis- 

ap'-pe-tite. Physical craving or desire. Desire-Dis- 
taste; tickle the appetite, Palatableness-Unpala- 



appetitus rationi obediant [L] (ap"-pi-tai'-tus re-shi- 
o'-nai o-bi'-di-ant). Let the appetites obey the 
reason. Moderation-Selfindiu.i.i.m b. 

ap'-pe-tize. To give relish. Desire-Distaste. 

ap'-pe-ti"-zing. Giving relish. Desire-Distaste, 
Excitation, Palatableness-Unpalatableness, 

ap-plaud'. To express approval of. Approval-Dis- 

ap-plaud'-ing. Expressing approval. Approval-Dis- 

ap'-ple. Apple of discord. Variance-Accord; apple 
off another tree, Variation-; apple of one's eye, 
Favorite-Anger, Goodness-Badni Love-Hate; 
apple-pie order, Regularity-Irregi i iritv; golden 
apple, Motive-Caprice; how we apples swim, Con- 

ap'-ple-green". The color of apples. Redness-Green- 

ap-pli'-ance. Act of putting to use ; anything by whi< h 
something is done. Use-Disuse; appliances, In- 

ap"-pli-ca-bU"-i-ty. Fitness. Harmony-Discord, Pro- 
priety-Impropriety, Usefulness-TJselessness. 

ap'-pli-ca-ble. Fitting. Harmony-Discord, Pro- 
priety-Impropriety, TJsefi I NESS-USELESSNESS. 

ap'-pli-cant. A candidate. Petitioner. 

ap"-pli-ca'-tion. The fixing of the attention cli 

employment of principles, a demand. Heed-Disre- 
CANCY, Trope, Use-Disusf:. 

ap-plied' chem'-is-try. Chemistry of practise. Chem- 

ap-ply'. To bring into contact with something. Trope, 
Use-Disuse; apply a match, Heating-Cooling; 
apply a remedy, Remedy-Bane ; apply the match to a 
train, Beginning-End; apply the mind, Heed-Dis- 

appoggiato [It.] (ap"-po-ja'-to) . Prolonged. Melody- 

appoggiatura [It.] (ap-poi"-a-tu'-ra) . An extra note 
or musical ornament. Melody-Dissonance. 

ap-point'. To designate. Assignment, Ordi 

ap-point'-ing. Assigning. Assignment. 

ap-point'-ment. A being chosen to till an office; a 
meeting or time of meeting. Assignment, Com- 
mission-Abrogation, Order, Sociability-Privacy. 

ap-point '-ments. Furnishings. Instrument. 

ap-por'-tion. To divide equitably. Assignment, 
Gathering-Scattering, Organization-Disorgan- 
ization, Union-Disunion. 

ap-por'-tion-ing. Dividing. Assignment. 

ap-por'-tion-ment. A just division. Assignment, 
Gathering-Scattering, Organization-Disorgan- 

ap'-po-site. Suitable; fit; well 

ap"-po-si'-tion. Relation . two or more nouns; 

act of placing side by side orin contact. Harmony- 
Discord, Interspace-Contact, Interpretation- 

ap-praise'. To i ate th lue of. Mensuration, 


ap-praise'-ment. Estimation. Mensuration, Price- 
1 ilSCOUNT. 

ap-pre'-ci-ate. To be fully aware of the importance of; 
to increase in value'. Approval-Disapproval, 
Decision-Misjudgment, Knowledge-Ignorance, 
Mensuration, Mind-Imhecility, Reflection-Va- 
cancy, Taste-Vulgarity. 

ap-pre"-ci-a'-tion. True estimation. Approval-Dis- 
approval, Decision-Misjudgment, Knowledge- 

ap"-pre-hend'. To grasp with the understanding; to 
arrest. Faith-Misgiving, Knowledge-Ignorance, 
Litigation. Sanguineness-Timidity. 

ap"-pre-hen'-sion. The result of grasping mentally; 
seizure of a person. Conception-Theme, Knowl- 
edge-Ignorance, Litigation, Sagacity-Incapac- 
ity, Sanguineness-Timidity, Taking-Restitu- 

ap-pren'-tice. One serving to learn a trade; to bind 
oneself as an apprentice. Instructor-Pupil; ap- 
prentice oneself, Enterprise. 

ap-pren'-tice-ship. Method of learning of an apprentice. 

appris, ils n'ont rien .... nt rien oublit [F.] (ilnorr ri-an'' 
a-pri', ni ri-an'' u-l>li-c'). They have learned noth- 
ing a ig. Bigotry-Apostasy. 

ap-prize'. To warn. Enlightenment-Secrecy ; ap- 
prized of, Knowledge-Ignorance. 

ap-proach'. To con a time, place, degree or 

quality. Approach-Withdrawal, Future-Past, 
Occurrence-Destiny. Rkmoteness-Nearness, 

Way; approaching time, Future-Past. 


Access. A coming to, admission. 

Advent. A coming of something important. SeeFcTCRF. 

Afflux. A flowing to. 

Affluxion. Act of flowing to. 

Approach. A coming nearer. 

Appropinquation. The act of bringing near. 

Approximation. Act of causing to appn iai h without exactly i 

Appulse. A driving toward. 
Pursuit. A following up close. See Quest. 

Approach — Verbs. 
Approach. To come to or near. 

Approximate. To make come near but not to a lincide. 
Bear up. To tend toward. 
Come near. 

Come to close quarters. To engage at short range, to come together. 
Draw near. 

Drift. To float slowly toward. 
Gain upon. To be approaching nearer. 
Get near. 
Go near. 

Hug the land. 1 _ , , 

Hug the shore./ To keep close to. 
Make the land. To come to destined plat r. 
Make up to. To approach. 
Move towards. 

Departure. A gnin^ away. See Arrival-Departure. 

Flight. The act of flying or moving swiftly. See Qufst-Evasiok. 

Recession. An art of moving away. 

RecoiL A shrinking back, a quick rebound. 

Retirement. Withdrawal from one's associa 

Retreat. A going away from, a withdrawal. 

Retrocession. A moving backward. Sec Advani e-Retkocression. 

Withdrawal. A drawing or taking back. 

Withdrawal — Verbs. 

Come away. Withdraw. 

Depart. See Akkival-Departure. 

Drift away. To move away slowly. 

Fallback. K 

Getaway. Escape. 

Go. Move from one place to the other. 

Go away. "| 

Move from. ^ Withdraw. 

Move off. .' 

Recede. To move away, to withdraw. 

Remove. To change from one station to another. 

Retreat. To move back and away from a given place. See Ad- 

; -Retrogression". 
Retire. To separate oneself from. 
Run away. To run off. See Quest-Evasion. 
Sheer off. To move aside. 
Shrink. To draw back as if in terror. 





APPROACH— Verbs— Continued. 
Near. To make come near or close ; to move toward. 
Pursue. To follow close after. See Quest. 
Set in towards. To start after. 
Tread on the heels of. To follow very closely. 

Approach — Adjectives. 
Affluent. Flowing to. 

Approaching. Coming toward; nearing. See Verbs. 
Approximative. Coming to without coinciding, 
j lminent. Jutting towards. See Occurrence. 
J upending. Hanging over. 

WITHDRAWAL— Verbs— Continued. 
Shunt. To shun. 
Stand aside. Move apart. 
Withdraw. To draw away; retire. 

Removing, etc. 

Withdrawal — Adjectives. 
See Verbs. 

On the road. 

Approach — A dverb. 

Coming nearer. Approach-With- 




ap-pro-ba'-tion. Commendation. 
proval, Regard-Disrespect, 


ap"-pro-pin-qua'-tion. Act of coming 

proach- With DRAWAL. 
ap-pro'-pxi-ate. Suitable for the purpose; to take for 



APPROACH— Continued. 
Approach — Interjections. 
Approach; come; come here; come hither; here. 

one's own use. Assignment, Harmony-Discord, 
Propriety - Impropriety, Taking - Restitution, 
Theft, Universality-Particularity. 

ap-pro"-pri-a'-tion. Anything set apart for special use. 
Assignment, Taking-Restitution, Theft. 

ap-prov'-al. Sanction. Approval-Disapproval, As- 
sent-Dissent, Consent. 


Acclaim. A shout of applause or approval. 

Acclamation. A shout, usually by a multitude, of applause or ap- 

Account. Importance; estimation. 

Admiration. Wonder and approbation. 

Advocacy. Approbation and support or vindication. 

Applause. Any expression of approval. 

Appreciation. Approbation and just valuation or estimation. 

Approbation. The act of commending or regarding as worthy, 
proper or right. 

Approval. The act of approving; sanction. 

Approvement. Approbation. 

Benediction. Solemn invocation of the divine approval or blessing. 

Benison. Blessing; benediction. 

Blessing. Divine favor; benediction. 

Cheer. A shout of approbation or applause. 

Commendation. Approbation; praise. 

Credit. Reliance on the truth of a statement or on the sincerity of a 

Eloge [F.]. Eulogy; praise. 

Encomium. Formal expression of great approval or praise. 

Esteem. High regard and approval. 

Estimation. Favorable opinion; regard. 

Eulogium. Spoken or written praise of a person's life or character. 

Eulogy. See Eulogium. 

Homage. Reverential regard; deference. 

Kydos [Gr.]. Renown; glory. 

Laud. High praise or commendation. 

Laudation. The act of lauding or praising; high commendation. 

Love. Strong attachment induced by that which excites delight or 
admiration, etc. See Love. 

Panegyric. A formal and elaborate encomium ; laudation. 

Plaudit. An expression of applause. 

Popularity. The state of being esteemed or approved by the people. 

Praise. Approbation expressed. 

Regard. Respect; esteem; reverence. 

Repute, etc. Estimation; honor, etc. See Reputation'. 

Sanction. Authoritative approbation; ratification. 

Approval — Associated Nouns. 

Chorus of applause; clap; clapping; clapping of hands; golden 
opinions; good opinion; good word; hero worship; hosannah; 
meed of praise; nod of approbation; paean, an ancient Greek hymn 
in honor o Apollo, any joyful song; peal of applause; Prytaneum, 
a public hall at Athens where hospitality was officially extended 
to distingu ingers; shout of applause; thun- 

ders of applause; tribute of praise. 

Approval — Verbs. 

Acclamate. Shout in order to show approval . 

Admire. W pprove. 

Applaud. Express approval by tha I may be heard or seen. 

Appreciate. Este I Ldequately. 

Abuse. Expression of disapproval prompted by anger, and in harsh 

and unseemly words. 
Admonition. A gentle or friendly counseling against fault or error. 
Animadversion. Remarks by way of criticism and censure from one 

having authority over. 
Blacklist. A number of persons to be regarded with suspicion. 
Blame. Censure. 
Castigation. Severe criticism. 

Censoriousness. Implication or expression of censure. 
Censure. The act of finding fault with and condemning as wrong. 
Chiding. A personal rebuke from one having little authority over. 
Condemnation. The act of pronouncing to be wrong or guilty. 
Contumely. Expression of disapproval by showing rudeness, 

haughtiness and contempt toward. 
Correction. The act of reproving or punishing habitual faults. 
Criticism. A critical judgment passed or expressed. 
Denunciation. A public accusation of fault or wrong. 
Depreciation. An attempt to represent as of little value or claim to 

Detraction. Act of taking away from the good name or reputation of 

Disapprobation. An unfavorable opinion, whether held in the mind 

or expressed. 
Disapproval. Unfavorable judgment. 
Discommendation. Censure or ill favor. 
Disesteem. Low estimation, inclining to dislike. 
Dislike. A feeling of positive and permanent aversion. See Desire- 

Disparagement. Lowering in rank or estimation. 
Displacency. Envious displeasure. 
Dispraise. Dishonor; blame. 
Disvaluation. A lowering of reputation. 
Exception. Objection or cause of off< 

Execration. A curse dictated by violent feelings of hatred. 
Expostulation. Reasoning with a person against some impropriety 

of conduct. 
Exprobation. An offensive accusation. 
Fie. A word which expresses dislike. 
Hypercriticism. Unjust severity or rigor of criticism. See Desire- 

Improbation. Expression of disapproval. 
Increpation. A chiding; rebuke. 
Innuendo. A remote allusion, usually derogatory to a person not 

Insinuation. A hint or suggestion of disapproval i >r fault. 
Jobation. A long, tedious repro »l 

Objection. Anvil.. ed 01 presented in opposition. 

Objurgation. A reproof. 

Obloquy. Language that casts contempt on men or their actions. 
Odium. * Quality that pr >vi >kes hatred. 
Ostracism. Exclusion from so 
Rebuke. A strong and authoritative expression of disapproval for 

some wrong committed. 
Reflection. Reproach cast upon a person. 





APPROVAI Verbs— Continue '. 

Approve. Commend; n itorproper. 

Bepraise. Praise greal Ij 

Bless. Praise; invoke God's approval and favor upon. 
Cheer. Applaud with cheers. 
Clap. Applaud by clapping the hands. 
Commend. Approve or express approval ; praise. 
Compliment. Express admiration, commendation or approval. 
Countenance. Look upon with approval. 
Encore. Call for the repetition of, as of an appro' 
Endorse.) „. 

Indorse. J e sa! " """ " r approval to; put yourname 
Esteem. Regard a ■ worthy or excellent. 
Eulogize. Praise in speech or writing. 
Exalt. Highly honor; magnify. 
ExtoL Commend in the highest terms. 
Flatter, etc. Praise or approve unduly or obsequiou : 

Glorify. Makeglorious; exalt to a state of glory. 

Hail. Greet approvingly. 

Honor. Regard with high esteem or respect. 

Laud. Praisein word, orin wordand 

Like, etc. Incline approvingly toward, etc. See Lovs. 

Magnify. Glorify; extol. 

Panegyrize. Pronounce an elaborate eulogy upi >n 

Praise. Express approval of. 

Prize. Esteem highly. 

Puff. Praise unduly; flatter. 

Recommend. Commend to the favorable treatment of another. 

Sanction. Approve authoritatu 

Swell. Puff up. 

Uphold. I live approval to; regard with approval. 

Value. Prize; esteei i highly. 

Laudari a laudato viro [I..]. To be pr used by a man who is praised 

PrSner [P.]. Cry up; extol. 

Approval —Verbal Expressions. 

Applaud to the echo; applaud to the very echo; be in favor of; be in 
favor with; be in high favor with; be praised, etc.; chant the 
praises of; cheer to the echo; cheer to the very echo; clap on the 
back; clap the hands; cry up; deserve praise, etc. (see sub \ 
do credit to; do justice to; extol to the skies; find favor with; gain 
credit; give a blessing to; give credit; hail with satisfaction; have 
a good word for; hold in esteem; hold up; keep in countenance; 
look up to; make much of; mark with a white mark; mark with 
a white stone; pass muster, pass through an i 
censure; pat on the back; pay a tribute; receive honorable men 
tion; recommend itself; redound the praises of; redound to the 
credit of; redound to the honor of; redound to the praise of; ring 
with the praises of; say a good word for; set great store by; set 
great store on; sing praises to; sing the praises of; sound the 
praises of; speak highly of; speak in high terms of; speak well of; 
stand up for; stand well in the opinion of; stick up for; think good; 
think highly of; think much of; think well of; win golden opinions; 
wish Godspeed. 

. fives. 

Approved. Commended; sanctioned. 

Approving, el Co Verbs. 

Benedictory. Expressii 

Beyond all praise. Above all pi 

Commendable. Creditable; worthy of approval. 

Commendatory. Expressing approbation. 

Complimentary. Expressing admiration, approbation, or the like. 

Creditable. Deserving or reflecting credit i >r approbation. 

Deserving praise, etc. See Nouns. 

Encomiastic. Best, .wing praise i t high approval. 

Estimable. Deserving g 1 opinion or app 

Eulogistic. Bestowing high pra 

Good, etc. Havin ; ,r moral qualities that may 

proved, etc. See Goodne 
In favor. Favored; app: 
Infavorof. On tl approving. 

Ingoododor. Infavor; a ived. 
In high esteem, etc. Respei ted; highly approved, i 


In high power. Dominant, as a politi 

by the majority. 
Laudatory. Praising; i 
Lavish of praise. Bestowing prai igantly. 

Remonstrance. Earnest presentation of reasons in opposition to 

Reprehension. A calm, just, but severe disapproval of an act. 
Reprimand. I Ifficial censure by a superior to an inferior. 
Reproach. An open and violent censure, with deep feeling of grief or 

Reprobation. Strong personal disapproval. 

Reproof. A >n of blame or censure expressed to the face. 

Sarcasm. A keen, reproachful expression uttered with some degree 

of scorn or contempt. 
Scolding. A harsh, rude and boisterous rebuke. 
Stricture. A touch of adverse critic ism. 

Upbraiding. Charge of something wrong or disgraceful. 
Vituperation. A severe and abusive censure. 

Disapproval — Associated Nouns. 
Bad compliment; bad language (see Charitableness -Curse); 
bitter words; black look; blow up; carping; catcall; cavil' 
clamor; coup de bee [P.], blow of the beak; curtain lecture- 
cutting words; diatribe, a strain of railing or abusive lai 
dressing; evil-speaking; frown; hard words; hiss; hissing; 
home thrust; hue and cry; jeremiad, a tale of disappointment or 
ilaint; jeremiade (see Jeremiad) ; lecture; left-handed com- 
pliment; outcry; personality; philippic; poor compliment; rap on 
the knuckles; rating; sardonic grin; sardonic laugh; satire; 
scowl; set down; sibilation; slap; slap on the face; sne. 

i \>; taunt, etc. (see Regard -Disresiu 
thunderation; tirade; trimming; wigging. 

Disapproval — Verbs. 

Abuse. Ti i treal with ru le an 1 reproachful language. 

Accuse. To charge with a crime or offense. See Justification- 


Admonish. To reprove oi a fault, gently or kindly. 

Anathematize. To condemn publicly as something aecurse.i. 

Avile. To lower in esteem orreputati 

Backbite. To spe meabsent. 

Bespatter. To spread foul reports or fal ;e and injurious charges. 

Blame. To find fault with. 

Brand. To mark as criminal or infan 

Castigate. To punish with bli 

Cavil. T i find fault wit I 

Censure. To find fault with and condemn as wr 

Chastise. To inflict pam up in for I of punishment or 

Chide. To scold. 

Clamor. Ti i complain and make troublesome demands. 

Clapperclaw. To abuse with l 

Condemn. To declare the guilt of. 

Correct. To reprove or punish for faults or moral weaknesses. 

Criticize. To judge 

Decry. Tod ean or worthli 

Defame. To reputation of. See 

Adui i 

Denounce. To poi unishment. 

Deprecate. To disappri gly. 

Depreciate. r or esteem. 

Disapprove. Topassunfa 'upon. 

Discommend. To • r of any one. 

Dislike. To regard with some hatred and displeasure. See Desire- 

Disparage. To 1. iwer in rank or estimation by actions or words. 

Dispraise. To withdraw rom. 

Disvalue. '1 erit. 

Execrate. T detestable. See Chari- 


Expose. To lay open to public inspection, as something criminal or 

Expostulate. tly with, a person on Sl : le impro- 

Exprobate. eful or disgraceful. 

Frontier [P.J, To ea upon. 

Impeach. T and bring discredit upon. 


Impugn. Toa1 r arguments. 

Insinuate. ing derogatory to one's reputation. 

Jaw. Tost 

Lament. Toexpn irrowfor. See Lamentation. 

Lampoon. To sub ve ridicule expressed in writing. 

Lash. T 

Lecture. Tor vith authority. 

Mob. To crowd about and attack or annoy. 





APPROVAL — Adjectives — Continued. 
Lost in admiration. Occupied with admiring so as to be insensible to 

external things. 
Meritorious. Praiseworthy; deserving high approval. 
Of estimation. Commendable; estimable. 
Panegyrical. Praising elaborately. 
Plausible. Calculated to win approval or confidence. 
Popular. Approved by the people. 

Praised, etc. Commended and approved, etc. See Verbs, 
Praiseworthy. Worthy of commendation and approval. 
Uncensured Exempt from blame. 
Uncritical. Approving without judgment. 

Unimpeachable. Blameless; free from stain or fault; approved. 
Unimpeached. Not called in question; not discredited. 
Worthy of praise, etc. Worthy of commendation and approval, etc. 

See Nouns. 

Approval — Adverbs. 

To admiration. Admirably. 

Well, etc. In a commendable manner, etc. See Good. 

With credit. Creditably; with approval. 

With three times three. With three cheers thrice repeated. 

Approval — Interjections. 

Bis/ [L.], twice I bravissimo/ [It.], very well done; bravo/ [It.), well 
done! encore/ [F.] t once more! esto perpetua [L], let it last for- 
ever; eugef [L.], bravo; ewiva/ [It.], hurrah; Godspeed 1 hear, 
hear! long life to! may you never be less! may your shadow never 
be less! one cheer more! optime! [L.] very well; quite right; so 
far so good; that's right; valete ac plaudite [L .], farewell and 
applaud; viva/ [L.], live; well done. 

Approval — Phrases. 

En mattvaise odcur [F.]. In bad odor. 

Les belles actions cackles sont les plus estimables [F.]. Beautiful 

acts hidden are the most worthy of praise. 
Taeent, satis laudant [L.]. They are silent, they give enough praise. 
Vivat respublica / [L.]. Long live the republic. 
Vivai rex / [L.]. Long live the king. 

DISAPPROVAL — Adjectives — Continued from Column 2. 

Clamorous. Complaining in noisy language . 

Condemnatory. Containing censure. 

Critical. Inclined to criticize or find fault. 

Cutting. Severe ; sarcastic. 

Cynical. Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by 

moral principles. 
Damnatory. Expressing the highest condemnation. 
Defamatory. Injurious to reputation. See sub Detraction, 
Denunciatory. Accusing; threatening. 
Disapproved. Regarded with disfavor. 
Disapproving, etc. See Verbs. 
Disparaging. Undervaluing. 
Dry. Severe, grave or hard; withering. 
Exceptionable. Objectionable. 
Exploded. Rejected with open contempt. 

Fastidious. Difficult to please. See Desire-Particularness. 
Grudging praise. Praising with envy. 
Hard upon. Severe. 

Hypercritical. Unreasonably or unjustly critical. 
In bad odor. Out of all favor. 
Not to be thought of. 
Objurgatory. Expressing reproof. 
Reprehensible. Worthy of blame. 
Reproachf uL Abusive . 
Sarcastic. Scornfully severe. 
Sardonic. Derisive; mocking. 
Scandalized. Disgraced. 
Severe. Very strict in judgment. 
Sharp. Cutting in language. 
Sparing of praise. Not giving full credit. 
To blame. Guilty. 
Trenchant. Keen; biting. 
Unapproved. Unfavorable. 
Unbewailed. Not mourned for. 
Unblest. Accursed. 

Uncommendable. Not worthy of praise. 
Unlamented. Unwept for. 

DISAPPROVAL— Verbs— Continued. 

Objurgate. To rebuke severely. 

Ostracize. To cast out from social , political , or private favor. 

Overhaul. To examine thoroughly with a view to correction. 

Rate. To scold or censure violently. 

Rebuke. To restrain by expression of disapproval. 

Recriminate. To return one charge or accusation with another. 

Remonstrate. To present and urge reasons in opposition to an act. 
measure, or any course of proceeding. 

Reprehend. To make charge of fault against. 

Reprimand. To reprove publicly and officially. 

Reproach. To bring disgrace or shame upon. 

Reprobate. To disapprove with marks of extreme dislike. 

Reprove. To chide to the face as blameworthy. 

Revile. To address or abuse with mean and disgraceful language. 

Revolt. To be disgusted, shocked or grossly offended with. 

Satirize. To censure with keenness. 

Scandalize. To bring shame or disgrace upon. 

Scold. To chide with rudeness or clamor. 

Shock. To strike with horror or disgust. 

Snub. To treat with contempt or neglect. 

Stigmatize. To set a mark of disgrace upon. 

Taunt. To jeer at with insulting words. See Regard-Disrespect. 

Trim. To rebuke. 

Trounce. To punish or beat severely. 

Twit. To vex by reminding of a fault. 

Upbraid. To charge with something wrong or disgraceful. 

Vilify. To degrade or debase by false report. 

Vilipend. To slight, to value lightly. 

Vituperate. To overwhelm with wordy abuse. 

Disapproval — Verbal Expressions. 

Abuse like a pickpocket; animadvert upon; bark at; be censorious, 
etc. (see sub Adjective); bend the brows; be outspoken; be scan- 
dalized at; be under a cloud; blow up; bring a hornet's nest about 
one's ears; bring over the coals; bring to account; bring to book; 
bring to order; call by hard names; call by ugly names; call names; 
call over the coals; call to account; call to order; carp at; casta 
slur upon; cast blame upon; cast reflection upon; cast reproach 
upon; come under the ferule; cry down; cry out against; cry 
shame upon; cut up; damn with faint praise; declare against; 
draw up a round robin, to draw up a written remonstrance, the 
signatures to which are made in a circle so as not to indicate who 
signed first; excite disapprobation; exclaim against; fall foul of; 
find fault with; forfeit one's good opinion; frown down; frown 
upon; fulminate against; get a bad name; give a rap on the 
knuckles; give it one; give it one finely; give one a lick with the 
rough side of the tongue; give one a wipe; glance at; have a fling 
at; have a snap at; have to answer for; have words with; hint a 
fault and hesitate dislike; hold up to execration; hold up to repro- 
bation; incur blame; inveigh against; knit the brows; lover la 
tcte [F.], to rate a person; lay blame upon; load with reproaches; 
look askance; look black upon; look grave; look with an evil eye; 
make a fuss about; make a wry face at; make a wry mouth at; 
nibble at; nil adniirari [L/J, to wonder at nothing; not speak well 
of; not to be able to say much for; object to; pass censure on; 
peck at; pick a hole; pick a hole in one's coat; pick holes; pick to 
pieces; pluck a crow with; point at; protest against; pull to pieces; 
pull up; rail at; rail in good set terms; raise a hue and cry against; 
raise one's voice against; read a lecture to; read a lesson to; reflect 
upon; rundown; scoff at; set down; set one's face against; shake 
the head at; show up; shrug the shoulders; sign a round robin 
(see Draw up a ROUND robin); snap one up; sneer at (see 
Regard-Scorn); speak daggers; speak ill of; stand corrected; 
take blame; take down; take exception; take exception to; take 
to task; take up; think ill of; throw a stone at; throw a stone in 
one's garden; turn up the nose (see Regard-Siorx> ; view with 
dark eyes; view with disfavor; view with jaundiced eyes. 
Disapproval — Adjectives'. 

Abusive. rmne to ill treat by coarse, insulting 

Answerable. Obliged to account for. 

At a discount. Poorly esteemed. 

Bad. Unfavorable or offensive. See sub Badness. 

Biting. Cutting or sarcastic. 

Blameworthy. Deserving blan e 

Blown upon. Brought into discredit. 

Captious. Apt to catch at faults. 

Carping. Fault-fini 

Censorious. Severe in making remarks on others. 

Chid. Scolded. : Vt 

(Continued on Column 1.) 




DISAPI'IO )VAL -Adjectives— Continued. 

TJnpitied. Mercilesi. 

Vicious. Spiteful. 

Vituperative. Characterized by a.1 ius ■ 

Weighed in the balance and found wanting. 


Worthy of blame. 


Reproachfully, <-c. See 

Disapproval — Adverbs. 

With a wry face. 

Disapproval — Interjet U 

Away with! cornel fie! fie for shame I fie upon it! forbid it Heaven 1 
God forbid! Heaven forbid ! it is too bad! it will never do ! it won't 
do! marry come up! oh! temporal ■■ ' 

O the manners! out on you! out upon it! 'sdeathl God's death; 
shame! tell it not in Gath I tut! 

ap-prove'. To commend. Approval-Disappro\ 
ap-proved'. Sanctioned Approval-Disapp 
ap-prove'-ment. Commendation. ApprOval-D 


ap-prov'-ing. Commending. Approval-Disappro\ \. 

ap-prox'-i-mate. Near in position, time, or i haracter; 
to come close to. Approach-Withdrawal, i 
nection- Independence, Likeness - Uni 
Numb;; king, Remoteness-Nearness. 

ap-prox"-i-ma'-tion. A bringing mar. Appf. 
Withdrawal, Connei iton-Independence, Like- 
ness- Unlikeness, Numbering. 

ap-prox'-i-ma-tive. Approximate. Approach-With- 
drawal, Connection -I ndepi ndi 

ap'-pulse. Approach of one bod 

Approach-Wit 1 1 n raw a i., Concentration-Radia- 
tiok, Impetus-Reaction, Interspai O 

ap-pur'-te-nance. A minor thing joined to a 
one. Constituent-Alien, Property, Wholi P 

ap-pur'-te-nant. Belonging to something more ii 
tant. Connection-Independence. 

aprhs nous le diluge [F .] (a-pr£' mi le de-liizh' . After 
us the deluge. Unselfishness-Selfishni 

a'-pri-cot. A peach-like fruit of a yellow color. Apricot 
color, Blueness-Orange. 

A'-pril. Fourth month of the year. April fool, ('■■ : 
Deceiver, Society-Laughingstock; April showers, 
Mutability-Stability; make an April fool of, 
Truthfulness-Fka 1 id, Regard-] ii -respect. 

a'-pron. An article of clothing. Attack-Defense, 
Dress-Undress. Vestments. 

a"-pro-pos'. Suited to the occasion; by the way. 
Connection - Independence, Harmony - Discord, 
Opportuneness-U nsuitablen I 

a'-pro-type. Close type. Writing-Printing. 

apse. The bishop's seat in ancienl churches. Fane. 

ap'-si-des. A point of an electrii 

toorfarthest from the center of attraction. Astron- 

apt. Liable; naturally gifted. Education-Mist] 
ing, Harmony-Discord. Inclination, Skill-Un- 


apt'-i-tude. Quickness of understanding. Harmony- 
Discord. Inclination. Readiness-Reluctance, 

apt-ness. Quickness. Education-Misteaching, Har- 
mony-Discord, Inclination, Skill-TJnskilful- 

a"-qua-ma-rine'. A bluish-green color. Minera 

a-qua'-ri-um. A place for keeping aqti 
Domestic ation-Agriculture. 

A-qua'-ri-us. The eleventh sign of the zodiac. Water- 
bearer, Astronomy. River-Wind. 

a-quat'-ic. Pertaining to water. Water-Air. 

a-quat'-ics. Aquatic sports. Entertainment-Weari- 
ness, Traveling- Navigation. 

a"-qua-tin'-ta. A kind of engraving. Engraving. 

aq'-ue-duct. A water-conduit. Watercourse-Air- 

a'-que-ous. Watery. Water-Air. 

la non capit muscas [L.] (aq'-ui-la non ke'-pit 
mus'-kas). An eagle does not catch flies. LlKELl- 

aq'-ui-line. Hooked like a beak. Angularity. 

A. R. Anno Regni. In the yeai ofthereign. Dura- 
tion- Neve rn ess. 

Ar'-ab. An Arabian; a wanderer; an Arabian horse. 
Conveyer, Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

a-ra'-ba. An ox-cart. Conveyance-Vessel. 

ar"-a-besque'. Fanciful ornamentation. Embellish- 
ment - 1 ) i s f i g u r i: m i- n t . 

A-ra'-bi-an. Pertaining to Arabia. Arabian Nights, 
Fancy , Arabian perfumes, I Stench. 

ar'-a-ble. Fit for cultivation. Domestication-Agri- 

ar'-bi-ter. A judge. Advice, Decision-Misjudgment, 
Judge, Manager. 

arbiter bibendi [[.} (ar'-bi-ter bi-ben'-dai). Toast- 
master. Entertainment-Weariness. 

arbitei eleganliarum [L.] (ar'-bi-ter cl-i-gan"-shi-c'- 
rum). A polished judge. Entertainment-Weari- 

ar-bit'-ra-ment. Decision oi an arbitrator. Decision- 
Misjudgment; arbitrament of the sword, Fighting- 

ar'-bi-tra-ri-ness. State of not Icing fixed by law. 
Law-Lawlessness, Tyranny-Anarchy. 

ar'-bi-tra-ry. Done a1 pleasure; tyrannical. Bigotry- 

tionai.ity-Un(on yen rioNAi.n v. Harshness- J 
ness, Law-Lawlessness, Persistence-Whim, Pre- 
sumption-Obsequiousness, Rule-License; arbi- 
trary power, l [arshness-Mildness. 

ar'-bi-trate. To settle by arbitration. Decision-Mis- 
judgment, Mediation. 

ar"-bi-tra'-tion. A hearing and decision by arbitrators. 
Decision-Misjudgment, Judge, Mediation; court 
of arbitration, Tribunal; submit to arbitration, Com- 
posite in. 

ar'-bi-tra"-tor. An arbiter. Decision-Misjudg- 

arbilrium, ad [L.] (ar-bit'-ri-um. ad). According to the 
will or judgment . V< ilith in-Obligath in. 

rum [L.] (ar-bit'-ri-um, lib'-cr-um). 
Free will. Volition-Obligation. 

ar'-bor. A bower or summer house; principal shaft of 
a machine. ClTY-CoUNTRI I IT! iver, 

I Iweller - Habitation, Entertainment -Weari- 
ness. Revolution-Evolution, Suspension-Sup- 

ar'-bor-a-ry. Pertaining to trees. Fauna-Flora. 

ar-bo'-re-al. Relating to trees. Fauna-Flora. 

ar"-bo-res'-cence. The state of being tree-like. Pro- 

ar"-bo-res'-cent. Tree-like. Fauna-Flora, Propor- 
tion-! (eformity, Smooth ness- Roughness. 

ar'-bor-i-cul"-ture. Cultivation of trees. Domestica- 

ar'-bor-i-form. Tree-like. Proportion-Deformity. 

arc. A 1 1 ■■• Curvature-Rectilinearity. 

ar-cade'. Vaulted passageway or street. Aperture- 




Closure, Architecture, Cur vat urk- Recti line- 
arity, Dweller-Habitation. 

Arcades ambo [L.] (ar-ke'-dez am'-bo). Arcadians 
both. Friend-Foe, Good Man-Bad Man, Uni- 

Ar-ca'-di-a. A place where rustic simplicity and 
content prevails. City-Country, Heaven-Hell, 

Ar-ca'-di-an. Rustic or pastoral. City-Country, 
Craft- Artlessn ess, Innocence-Guilt. 

ar-ca'-num. A secret or mystery. Tidings-Mystery. 

arch. A bow-like curve, structure, or object; sly; 
most important. Architecture, Convexity-Con- 
cavity, Craft-Artlessness, Curvation-Recti- 
linearity, Magnitude-Smallness, Sagacity-Inca- 
pacity, Suspension-Support; triumphal arch, Sol- 
emnization, Trophy; arch over, Curvation-Recti- 

Ar-chse'-an. Pertaining to the oldest period in geo- 
logical history. Geology. 

ar"-chffi-o-log'-ic-al. Versed in antiquity. Future- 

ar"-cha?-ol'-o-gist. One who investigates ancient relics 
and remains. Future-Past, Scholar-Dunce. 

ar"-chae-or-o-gy. Study of man through ancient 
records and remains. Future-Past. 

ar-cha'-ic. Belonging to a former period. Novelty- 
Antiquity, Word-Neology. 

ar'-cha-ism. Anything archaic. Future-Past. Word- 

arch"-an'-gel. An angel of high rank. Angel-Satan. 

arch"-bish'-op. The chief bishop of a province. Min- 

arch"-bish'-op-ric. Office of an archbishop. Church. 

arch"-dea'-con. A high church officer. Ministry- 

arch"-duke'. Son of an emperor. Chief-Underling. 

ar"-che-bi-o'-sis. Abiogenesis. Creation-Destruc- 

arched. Bowed in a curve. Convexity-Concavity. 

arch"-e-gen'-e-sis. First creation. Creation-De- 

arch'-er. One who uses bow and arrow. Belligerent, 


arch'-er-y. Art of shooting with a bow. Entertain- 
ment-Weariness, Push-Pull ; archery ground, 
Entertainment- Wear i ness. 

Arch'-es, Court of. An English ecclesiastical court of 
appeal. Church-Tribunal. 

ax'-che-type. A model. Copy-Model. 

ar-che'-us. The soul of the world. Life-Death. 

arch'-fiend". The devil. Angel-Satan. 

ar"-chi-a'-ter. A chief physician. Advice. 

ar"-chi-e-pis'-co-pa-cy. Rule of an archbishop. Church. 

ar"-chi-e-pis'-co-pal. Pertaining to an archbishop. 

ar"-chi-pel'-a-go. A collection of islands. Swamp- 

ar'-chi-tect. One who plans something. Agent, 
Maker- Destroyer. 

ar'-chi-tec"-ture. Science of'designing and construct- 
ing buildings. Creation- Destruction, Embel- 
lishment-Disfigurement, Nature-Art, Organ- 
ization-Disorganization, Texture. 


Architecture. The science and art of designing and constructing 
buildings or other structures, a style or system of building. 

Architecture — Associated Nouns, 

Abacus. A tablet, panel or compartment in ornamented or mosaic 

Abbey. The buildings of a monastery or nunnery, a place of wor- 

Acanthus. A conventionalized representation of the acanthus leaf. 

Acroterium. A small pedesiaj 

Alhambra. The palace of the Mo at Granada. 

Am phi prostyle. A temple having colu.. ins <it each i t not at the 


Amphitheater. An edifice of elliptical shape, construi ted a 

central open space, with tiers of seats sloping upward and back- 

Annulet. A small projecting molding. 

Anta. A pier produced by thickening a wall at its tei 

Antefix. An ornament at the eaves, or fixed upon a i. i 

Arcade. A vaulted passageway. 

Arch. Any structure supported at the sides or enJs only, 
formed of distinct pieces no one of whi< h spans thi 

Arris. An external angle, the sharp ridge I | \ een t cha nels of 
a Doric column. 

Astragal. A molding surrounding the top of a colu <■ form 

of a ring. 

Atlantes. Male human figures, used in place of columns or pilasters. 

Balcony, a balustraded platform projecting from a wall, a tier of 
seats in a theater. 

Baldachin. A canopy of rich stuff, or of stone or i 

Baluster. A small pillar, one of a series supporting a hand-rail. 

Balustrade. A railing formed of a range of balusters supporting a 

Bartizan. A turret, with loopholes, jutting out from a wall. 

Base. The lowest or supporting part. 

Bastion. A projecting work having two faces and two flanks. 

Battlement. A parapet having in its upper line a Menta- 


Bay window. A window-structure of angular plan, projecting out- 
ward from a wall and reaching to the ground . 

Bema. That part of an early Christian church which was reserved 
for the higher clergy. 

Billet. An ornament in Norman work. 

Bossage. Rustic work, consisting of stones which seem to advance 
beyond the level of the building. 

Bracket. A piece projecting from a vertical surface, s<> as to support- 
shelf, mirror, coping, etc. 

Bucrania. Sculptured ornaments. 

Buttress. Any support or prop. 

Canopy. A covering suspended over a throne shrine, bed, etc. 

Cantilever. A heavy bracket supporting a cornice or balcony 

Capital. The upper member of a column, pillar, pier, or pilaster. 

Caryatid. A draped female figure supporting an entablature. 

Catherine-wheel window. A rose u mdow or wheel window. 

Chaptrel. An impost. 

Chevrons. Rafters, in a gable roof, that meet at the ridge. 

Cinquefoil. A five-cusped ornament or window 

Clustered column. A column which is composed, or appears to be- 
composed, of several columns collected together. 

Column. A vertical shaft, usually cylindrical and having both a 
base and a capital, designed to support an entablature, balcony, 

Composite capital. A capital belonging to an order composed of 
Ionic grafted upon the Corinthian . 

Composite order. An order which is composed of the Ionic order 
grafted upon the Corinthian. 

Console. A corbel. 

Corbel. One of a series of brackets, often ornamental, projecting 
from the face of a wall, the basket-shapd cushion of the Corinth- 
ian capital 

Corinthian order. The most ornamental of the archi- 

tecture used by the Greeks. 

Cornice. Ornamental molding, as one run::. 
room close to the ceiling. 

Crenelated molding. A kind of indented molding used in I 

Crocket. A projecting ornament usually terminating 
curve or roll. 

Cupola. A dome. 

Curb-roof. A roof having 1 rafters, the upper ones ha 

much lessinclinati 

Cyma recta. A cynia, holli iw in its upper part and swelling below. 

Cyma reversa. A cyma swelling out on the upper part and hollow- 

Dome. A roof in the form of a half gl 

Doric capital. A cai ital of thesii plest order kn< »wn to theGreel 

Doric order. The oldest and simplest of the three orders of archi- 
tecture used by the Greeks. 

Dormer window. A window pierced in a roof, a- to be 

vertical while the r ioi slopes away from it. 

Eaves. The projecting edge of a roof, serving to shed rain-water. 




Eavings. Haves. 

Echeum. Bell-shaped vase used as a sounding-board in Gret I 

Echinus. The cushion of the capital of a Dori 

Engaged column. A column engaged in a wall, so that only a part 

of its eircurnU'rvri. ■■ ;.r. !■■■ i.iromit. 
Festoon. Ornament hanging in a curve between two points. 

Finial. An ornament at tin apex of a spire, pii i i r the like. 
Flying buttress. A contrivance for taking up the thrust of a roof or 

vault which cannot be supported by ordinary buttress* 
Foils. Leaf-like divisions in architectural ornamentation. 
Foliations. Decorations with foliated tra< ery. 
Fret. Ornamental work in relief, done by carving or embossing. 
Frieze. Flat part under ' a< lumn. 

Gable. The triangular end of a wall, eaves; 

the entire end wall of a building. 
Gargoyle. A spout projecting from the roof gutter of a building, 

often carved grotesquely, 
Groined arch. An arch built with groins. 

Groins. Angular curve formed by the ' rchcs. 

Guilloche. An ornament in tin bands 01 strings 

twisted over each other in a continued seri* i,Ii ivii 

ings, which are filled With round ornament: . 
Guttffi Drop-like ornaments. 
Hammer-beam roof. A roof so forme I as no1 I I ave a tie! earn at 

the top of the wall. 
Hance. That part of an elliptical <-r many-centered an h which has 

the shorter radius and immediately adjoins the impi I . 
Haunch. The shoulder of an arch. 
Helices. Figures like the tendrils of a vine. 
Hip-knob. An ornament at the intersection of the hip rafters and 

the ridge. 
Hip-roof. A roof rising directly from the wall-plate on 

so having no gable. 
Impost. The plane from which an arch springs. 
Interlacing arches. Arches, usually circular, so construe ted that 

their archi volts intersect and seem ti i be interla 
Inverted arches. Arches placed with crown downward. 
Ionic order. An order of architecture invent! 11 the G eks, the 

distinguishing feature of which is a capital with spiral volufc 
Keystone. The central or topmost stone of an arch, 

pletes it and locks its mi :ther. 

King-post. A single vertical strut su] porting the apex of a triangu- 
lar truss and itself supported by a < ross-beam. 
Lancet-window. An acutely pointed window. 
Lattice-window. Openwork foimed by crossing or interlacing i 

or bars, which cover a window. 
Lattice-work. Any work of wood or metal ide by cros ing laths, 

or thin strips, an 1 forming a network. 
Lean-to. A building having a single -pitched roof, with its apex 

against an a lioimng wall or building. 
Leaves. Hinged or sliding parts, as of a doi >r, table, etc. 
Linen-scroll. An ornament for filling paw 
Lintel. The hori tontal top piece of a d< lorway. 
Loggia. A covered gallery or porti( o, having a colonnade on one or 

more sides, open to the air; a large ornamental window. 
Lotus. An ornament much used in Egyptian an ' r tui 
Louver-window. A lantern-like cupola or turret on the roof i f a 

medieval dwelling. 
Lozenge-wi ndo w. A wind ta panes set 

Lunette. Opening in a concave ceiling t i admit light, 
Machicolation. An opening between a wall and a parapet to per- 
mit missiles or boiling liquids to bi d nemy. 
Metope. A square slab, sculptured or plain, between triglyphs in a 

Doric frieze. 
Minaret. A slender tower characteristic of I . I uilt of several 

stories, each surrounded by a balcony. 
Modiliion. An ornamental bracket. 
Moorish capital. The capital in the style of architecture dev< 

by the Moors in the later Middle Age 
Moresque. The Moresque style of a 

sisting of interlacings, relief, etc., highly colored ai 
Mullion. A division-piece between the lights of windows, or the 

bays or panels in wainscoting. 
Multifoil. An ornamental foliation consisting of more than IV. i 

sions or foils. 
Mutule. One of a series of rectangular impending blocl a 

Done corona, with dependent drop-like ornaments called guttffl. 
Nave. The main body of a church, between the aisles. 
Niche. A recess in a wall, as for a statue. 
Oriel. A window resting on a bracket or corbel. 
Ovolo. A convex molding. 
Patera. A circular ornament, rese I i i afti rked in 

relief on friezes, and the like. 

Pavilion. A movable or open struct..- r.enter- 

ient, or dwelling. 

Pedestal. A base or support, as I r a column or statue. 

Pediment. A triangular member having a small altitude ' ; a red 
with its base, framed in by a cornice, and surmoi :ico. 

Pendant. A hanging orna i ilings, etc. 

Pentastyle. A portico having five columns. 

Pent roof. A roof having only one sli ; 

Peristyle. A system of columns sun-' inter- 

nal i 

Pilaster. A right-angled columnar projection from a pi< :■-■■■ 

Pinnacle. A small turret or tall .ornament, usually 
pan . 

Quoin. A large square ashlar or stone at the ai 
wedge-shaped stone of an arch. 

Roman Doric. Roman modification of the Dori- i 
t u re . 

Scroll. Any spiral line used as an orna 
Soffit. The under side of a stai rci 

Spandrel. The triangular space between the shoulder of an a: 

the rectangular figure formed bv the moldings, etc., ov< 
Spire. The tapering or pyramidal roof of a tower the tapering part 

of a sti ■ 
Stall. A partia in the orchestra of 

compartment in which a horse or bovine animal is confined ai 
Steeple. A lofty stru urch: usually 

a tower surmounted with a S] 
Straight arch. A form of arch in whit 1 
Tower. A structure larger than a pinnacle and h than a 

Tracen >rk formed of ramifying lines. 

Trefoil. An architectural ornament resembling the three-leaved 

Triforium. Open gtllery in the wall above the ar< nave. 

Triglyph. A grooved tablet in the frieze of the Dori 
Tubular bridge. A bridge in the form of a hollow tm 

plates riveted I 
Turnstile. A frame in the form of i 

upright post, to turn as people pass throug 
Turret. A small tower. 

Tuscan capital. A capital of the Tuscan order of ai 
Tuscan order. One of the five 

i *naments. 
Veranda. An open port; 

:' a building. 
Volute. A spiral oman< 

capitals; a s 

Akchitectvri-- ' 
Inclave. [ like a scries of 

ar'-chi-trave. A chief beam. Top-B< ; 

ar'-chive. A depositar) r::ent. 

Mark.-Ohi.ii i 
arch'-lute. A large double-r.i .;. In- 


arch'-ness. Rj -. Craft-Artlessness. 

ar'-chon. A chit t m; 

Judge, President-Member, Representative. 
arch'-trai"-tor. Tin- chief criminal. Uprightness- 

R( 'GfE. 

arc-lights. Large electric lights. Electricity. 
arc'-tic. Cold; near the north pole Heat-< 


ar'-cu-ate. Arc-like. Clryatiox-Rectiunhakity. 
ar"-cu-a'-tion. Curvamre. j ::- 


ar'-dent. Passionate; flashing Desire-Dis; 
Emotion, Heat-Cold, Love-Hate; ardent expecta- 
tion, Expectation-Surprise; ardent imagination, 

ardei ;' cimus [L.l (ar'-det prox'-i-mus). Th< 

house burns. Refuge-Pitfall, Security-Inse- 

ar'-dor. Intensity of passion; eagerness. Activity- 
Indolence, Desire-Distaste, Emoth ! 

ar'-du-ous. i- at labor. Difficulty- 


are. A la: - etric svsteni. Mea 




a'-re-a. Extent, of surface. Extension-Inextension. 

ar"-e-fac'-tion. A drying up. Dampness-Dryness. 

a-re'-na. Place in which exhibitions are held; sphere 
of action. Extension-District, Extension-Inex- 
tension, Lists, Sight-Blindness. 

ar"-e-na'-ceous. Sandy. Friability. 

ar"-e-na'-ri-ous . Sandy. Friability. 

ar'-e-nose. Full of sand. Friability. 

a-re'-o-la. Small spaces marked out by veins on leaves. 

a-re'-o-lar. Containing a network of small interspaces. 

ar"-e-om'-e-ter. Instrument for measuring specific 
gravity. Solidity-Rarity. 

Ar-e-op'-a-gus . The high court of ancient Greece. 

a-rete'. An abrupt mountain spur. Sharpness- 

ar"-e-tol'-o-gy. Science of virtue. Duty-Dereliction. 

Ar'-gand. Inventor of a lighting system. Argand 
lamp, Luminary-Shade. 

ar'-gent. Silvery. Whiteness-Blackness. 

argent comptant [F.] (ar-zhan'' con -tan'). Ready 
money. Money. 

ar'-gen-tine . Silver-coated. Values, Whiteness- 

ar"-giI-la'-ceous. Clayey. Hardness-Sofi ness. 

ar'-go-sy. A richly laden ship of commerce. Convey- 

ar'-got. Slang. Word-Neology. 

ar'-gue. To urge reasons for or against. Evidence- 
Counterevidence, Ratiocination-Instinct. Sign. 

ar'-gu-er. One who discusses. Ratiocination-Casu- 

ar'-gu-ment. A reason offered for or against. Con- 
ception-Theme, Meaning-Jargon, Ratiocination- 
Instinct; have the best of an argument, Proof- 

ar"-gu-men-ta'-tion. Debate. Ratiocination-Casu- 

ar"-gu-men'-ta-tive. Consisting of argument. Rati- 

argumentum ad crumcnam [L.] (ar-giu-men'-tum ad 
kriu-mi'-nam) . Argument to the purse. Money. 

argumentum ad hominem [L.] (ar-giu-men'-tum ad 
hom'-i-nem). Argument from an opponent's own 
position. Justification-Charge. 

argumentum ad verecundiam [L.] (ar-giu-men'-tum ad 
ver-i-cun'-di-am) . Argument from authority. Repu- 
tation-Discredit, Uprightness-Dishonesty. 

argumentum baculinum [L.] (ar-giu-men'-tum bak-yu- 
lai'-num). Appeal to physical force. Coercion, 
Law-Lawlessness, Recompense- Puniti on. 

ar'-gus. A hundred-eyed giant. Sight-Blindness ; 
argus-eyed, Carefulness-Carelessness, Sight- 

ar-gute'. Quick or sharp. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

a'-ri-a. An air or melody. Music. 

A'-ri-an-ism. A doctrine that denies the consubstan- 
tial nature of the Trinity. Orthodoxy-Heter- 

ar'-id. Parched with heat; without interest. Damp- 
ness-Dryness, Entertainment-Weariness, Fer- 

A'-ri-el. One of the chief angels; the inner satellite of 
Uranus. Astronomy, Jove-Fiend, Messenger, 
Swiftness-Slowness, Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

A'-ri-es. A constellation in the zodiac. Astronomy. 

a"-ri-e-ta'-tion. Act of butting like a ram. Impetus- 

a"-ri-et'-ta. A short melody. Music. 

a-right'. Correctly. Good-Evil. 

Ar'-i-man. The evil deity. Angel-Satan, Jove- 

a"-ri-o-la'-tion. Act of foretelling. Prophecy. 

arts el focis, pro [L.] (e'-ris et fo'-sis, pro). For our 
altars and firesides. Attack-Defense, Humani- 

a-rise'. To come into existence; to get up from lying 
down; to move to a higher place. Ascent-Descent, 
Beginning-End, Entity-Nonentity, Occurrence- 
Destiny. Visibility-Invisibility; arise from, 

Ar'-is-tarch"-us. A learned critic of Alexandria. 
Taste- Vulgarity. 

ar'-is-tar"-chy. Rule by the best. Rule-License. 

Ar"-is-ti'-des. An Athenian statesman called "the 
Just." Good Man-Bad Man. 

ar"-is-toc'-ra-cy. Hereditary nobility. Gentility- 
Democracy, Rule-License. 

ar"-is-to-crat'-ic. Pertaining to an aristocracy. Gen- 
tility-Democracy, Rule-License. 

ariston metron [Gr.] (a'-ris-ton met'-ron). The golden 
mean. Midcourse-Circuit, Turbulence-Calm- 

Ar"-is-to-te'-li-an. A disciple of Aristotle. Rati- 

ar'-ith-man"-cy. Divination by numbers. Prophecy. 

a-rith'-me-tic. Science of numbers. Nature-Art, 

ar"-ith-met'-ic-al. Pertaining to arithmetic. Number- 

a-rith"-me-ti'-cian. One skilled in arithmetic. Num- 

ark. A large floating vessel. Dweller-Habitation, 

arm. Part of the body; to furnish with means; 
strength. Anatomy, Fighting-Conciliation, In- 
strument, Might-Impotence, Preparation-Non- 


Part; armchair, Suspension-Support; arm inarm, 
Amity-Hostility, Sociability-Privacy, Solitude- 
Company; arm of the law, Law-Lawlessness; arm 
of the sea, Gulf-Plain; in the arms of Morpheus, 
Activity-Indolence; make a long arm, Length- 
Shortness, Taking-Restitution. 

ar-ma'-da. A fleet of warships. Belligerent. 

Ar-ma-ged'-don. Plain of Esdraelon, famous as a 
battlefield. Strife-Peace. 

ar'-ma-ment. War equipment. Preparation-Non- 
preparation, Weapon. 

ar'-ma-ture. Means of defense; a piece of soft iron 
joining the poles of a magnet. Electricity, 

armed. Prepared for war. Attack-Defense; armed 
at all points, attack-Defense, Preparation-Non- 
preparatj^n' armed force, Belligerent; armed 
with patience, Excitability-Inexcitabii.ity. 

ar'-mi-ger. A knight's armor-bearer. Gentility- 

ar-mig'-er-ent. An armor-bearer. Belligerent. 

ar-mig'-er-ous . Entitled to heraldic arms. Fighting- 

ar'-mil-la-ry. Consisting of rings. Armillary sphere, 
Astronomy, Mensuration. 

ar'-mis-tice. Temporary cessation of hostilities. Fight- 

arm'-less. Without arms. Might-Impotence. 

arm'-let. A band worn on the arm; an arm of the sea. 
Circle-Winding, Gulf-Plain. 

ar'-mor. Defensive covering. Attack-Defense, 

ar-mo'-ri-al. Relating to heraldry. Sign. 

ar'-mor-y. Place for storing arms. Store. Weapon. 

arms. Weapons; deeds done in battle; mark of dis- 
tinction. Fighting-Conciliation, Instrument, 
Sign, Title, Weapon; clash of arms, Strife-Peace; 
deeds of arms, Strife-Peace; in arms. Infant- 




Veteran; throw oneself into the arms of, Amity- 
Hostility, Refuge-Pitfall; underarms, Fighting- 
Conciliation; up in arms, Activity-Indoli 
Amity-Hostility, Favorite-Anger, Repri sal-Re- 
sistance, Variance-Accord; with arms akimbo, 
Defiance; with folded arms, Activity-Indoli 

arm's length. At a distance. At arm's length, Ri- 
moteness-Nearness; keep at arm's length, Amity- 
Hostility, Attack- Defense, Attraction-- Repul- 
sion, Politeness-Impoliteness, Sociability-Pri- 

Arm'-strong. Inventor of a gun. Armstrong gun, 
Weapon. ■ 

ar'-my. A large organized body of men. Belliger- 
ent, Gathering-Scattering, Multiplicity-Pau- 

a-ro'-ma. Fragrance Perfume-Stench. 

ar"-o-mat'-ic. Having an aroma. Perpume-Stench. 

ar"-o-mat'-ic se'-ri-es. A scries of compounds derived 
from benzene. Chemistry. 

a-round'. On all sides of. Environment-Interposi- 
hon; lie around, Environment-Interposition, 

a-rouse'. To stir up. Excitation, Motive-Caprice; 
arouse oneself, Activity-Indolence. 

a-roynt'. To begone out of the way. Admission- 
Expulsion, Charitableness-Curse. 

ar'-que-bus. A fifteenth century musket,. Weapon. 

ar"-que-bus-ade'. A discharge from an arquebus. 

ar-raign'. To call into court. Justification-Charge, 

ar-raign'- ment. Accusation. Justification-Charge, 

ar-range'. To put in order; to agree on terms. Com- 
position, Design, Organization-Disorganization; 
arrange in a series, Continuity-Interruption; 
arrange itself, Regularity-Irregularity; arrange 

matters, Fighting-Conciliation; arrange music, 
ician; arrange under, Admission-Exclusion; 
arrange with creditors, Settlement-Default. 

ar-ranged'. Put in order. OrgANIZATION-Disorgani- 
zation, Regi I irity-Irregularity. 

ar-range'-ment. Order Composition, Design, Fight- 
ing -Conciliation, Organization - Disorganiza- 
tion, Pre pa rati on-Nonpre pa ration, Regularity- 
Irregularity, Settlement-Default; temporary 
arrangement, Lastingness-Transientness. 

ar'-rant. Notoriously bad. Goodness-Badness,' 
nitude-Smallness, Manifestation-Latency. Pub- 
licity, Reputation-Discredit, Uprightness-Dis- 

ar'-ras. A fabric woven with figures. Embellish- 

ar-ray'. Regular order; display; clothing; collective 
body. Continuity-Interruption, Dress-Undress, 
Embellish me nt- Disfigurement, Gathering-Scat- 
tering, Multiplicity-Paucity, Pomp, Prepara- 
tion - Nonpreparation, Regularity- Irregular- 
ity; battle array, Fighting-Conciliation. 

ar-rear'. Back; a debt. In arrear, Credit-Debt, En- 
tirety-Deficiency, Settle ment- Default. 

ar-rears'. Debts. Credit-Debt. 

arrectis auribus [L.] (ar-rek'-tis au'-ri-bus). With cars 
pricked up. Expectation-Surprise, Hearing- 

ar-rest'. To stop; to take into custody; to fix the 
attention. Discontinuance-Continuance, Litiga- 
tion, Release-Restraint; arrest the attention, 

ar"-res-ta'-tion. An arrest. Release-Restraint. 

am re pensSe [P.] (ar-ri-ar' paiv-se'). Mental rcscrva- 
tion. Enlightenment-Secrecy, Motive-Caprice, 
Predecessor-Continuation, Purpose-Luck. 

ar'-ris. An external angle. Architecture. 

ar-ri'-val. Coming to any thing. Arrival-Departure. 


Advent. An important arrival; a coming. 

Arrival. Act of reaching a place from a distance. 

Caller. One who makes a visit. 

Completion. End of a journey. See Completion. 

Debarkation. Act of coming ashore from a vessel. 

Destination. Place set for the end of a journey. 

Disembarkation. The act of coming from on board a vessel. 

Encounter. A hostile meeting. 

Landing. A bringing on shore. 

Meeting. A coming together. 

Reception. The act of being received or met. 

Recursion. The act of coming back. 

Remigration. Going back to the place from which one came. 

Rencounter. Sudden hostile collision. 

Return. Coming back to the same place. 

Vin d'honneur [F.]. Wine offered to a newly arrived guest. 

Visitant. One who pays a visit. 

Welcome. A greeting upon arrival. 

Arrival — Nouns of Place. 

Anchorage; goal; halting ground; halting place; harbor; haven; 
home; landing place; landing stage; port; resting place; terminus. 

Arrival — Verbs. 

Alight. To descend, as from horseback. 

Arrive. To reach a point started for. 

Attain. To come to a place by effort. 

Be in at the death. To have arrived at the end. 

Bounce upon. 

Burst upon. 

Cast anchor. To drop an anchor to keep a ship at rest . 

Come. To complete a movement toward a place. 

Come across. To meet. 

Come at. To arrive. 

Come back. To return. 

Come home. To return to one's house or family. 

Come in. To enter. See Entrance. 


f To arrive unexpectedly. 

Decampment. Departure from a camp. 

Decession. A going away. 

Departure. Removal t"r<j:n a place. 

Embarkation. Going on board a vessel to d 

Exit. A departure, as from the stage after performing a part. 

Exodus. A large migration from a place. 

Flight. A hasty de] rape danger or expected evil. 

Hegira. The flight of Mohammed from Mecca, September 13, 62 j 

A D.; any > lus. 

Outset. Beginning of a journey. 
Removal. G< >ing from one place to another. 
Start. Commencement of a journey. 

Departure — Denotations. 

Adieu; conge"; farewell; good-bye; leave taking; stirrup-cup, a 
part in..; cup taken after mounting; valediction. 

Departure — Nouns of Place. 
Place of departure; place of embarkation; point of departure; point 
of embarkation; port of embarkation; starting-point; starting- 

Departure — Verbs. 

Abandon. To cast or drive out. 

Abscond. To depart secretly and hide. See Quest-Evasion. 

Be gone. To be away. 

Be off. To start away. 

Bid good-bye. See Xoutts. 

Cut one's stick. To run away. 

Debouch. To march from a wood into open ground. 

Decamp. To move away from a camping ground, usually by night 

or secretly. 
Depart. To go away. 

Disappear. To get out of sight. See Appearance-Disappearance. 
Embark. To go on shipboard to depart. 
Evacuate. To withdraw from. 
Flit. To move rapidly from place to place. 
Fly. To run away from. 





f To return. 

ARRIVAL— Verbs— Continued. 
Come in contact. To meet. 
Come to. To reach. 
Come to hand. To arrive. 
Come upon. To befall. 
Come up to. To meet. 
Come up with. To catch up with. 
Complete. To end a journey. See sub Completion. 

t,. . ' , i To come from on board a ship. 
Disembark J 

Dismount. To come down from on horseback. 

Drop in. To visit casually. 

Encounter. To meet; come upon unexpectedly. 

Fetch. To go and bring. 

Get back. 

Get home. 

Get to. To arrive. 

Get to one's journey's end. 

Go ashore. To come from on shipboard. 

Hit. To meet tmexpectedly. 

Join. To meet with. 

Land. To end a journey by water. 

Light. To dismount. 

Light upon. To meet. 

Make. To complete. 

Make one's appearance. To arrive. 

Make the land. To come to shore. 

Meet. To come into the presence of. 

Overtake. To catch up with. 

Pitch one's tent. To stop or rest. 

Pitch upon, i 

Plump upon. >To meet suddenly. 

Pop upon. ) 

S u '! n : } To land. 
Put into. J 

Reach. To come to a point journeyed to. 

Rejoin. To meet again. 

Rencounter. To meet in a hostile manner. 

Return. To come back from whence one started. 

Sit down. To stop; to rest. See Establishment. 

Visit. To go or come to see. 

Arrival — Adjectives. 

Arriving, etc. See Verbs. 

Homeward-bound. Returning to one's home or family. 

Ar r i V a l — ,4 dverbs . 
Here. At this place. 
Hither. To this place. 

Arrival — Interjections. 
All hail! good day! good morrow I hail! welcome! 

DEPARTURE— Continued from Column 2. 
Departure — Interjections, 
Adieu! au revoir! begone I farewell! fare you well! God bless you! 
God speed you ! good-bye 1 good day ! 

Departure — Phrases. 
Au plaisir de vous revoir [F.]. Till I have the pleasure of seeing you 

again; adieu; auf wiedersehen. 
Bon voyage [F.]. Prosperous voyage to you. 
Glucklkhe Reisc [G.]. Prosperous journey to you. 
Vive, valeque [L.]. Life and health to you! farewell! 

ar-rive'. To reach the end; to occur. Arrival-Depar- 

ance-Continuance, Occurrence-Destiny ; arrive 
at a conclusion, Decision-Mis hdgment; arrive at 
the truth, Discovery. 

ar-ri'-ving. Reaching a place. Arrival-Departure. 

ar'-ro-gance . Haughtiness. Harshness-Mildness, 


ar'-ro-gant. Excessively proud; haughty. Conceit- 
Diffidence, Harshness-Mildness, Presumption- 
Obsequiousness, Selfrespect-Hu mule ness. 

ar'-ro-gate. To demand or claim without reason. 
Completion - Noncompletion, Dueness- Undue- 

DEPARTURE— Verbs— Continued 
Fly away. To move or go suddenly. 
Get off. To start. 
Get under way. To start a journey. 
Go. To depart. 

Go aboard. To get on ship to depart. 
Go along. Be off. 
Go away. To depart. 
Go forth. To go away. 
Go from home. 
Go off. To depart. 

Go off the stage. To retire from sight or notice. 
Go on board. To be ready to depart. 
Go one's way. To proceed on one's journey. 
Go to sea. To make a journey by sea. 
Hoist blue peter. To raise the blue flag to recall boats. 
Issue. To go forth. 
Leave a place. To depart. 
Make one's exit. To take one's departure. 
March off. To leave a place. 
March out. To depart. 
Move off. To go from land. 
Pack off. To go with one's belongings. 
Put off. To depart from . 
Put to sea. To begin a voyage. 
Quit. Leave. 

Remove. To go from one place to another. 
Retire. To go backwards. 
Sail. To go on a voyage. 
Sally. To rush or burst forth. 
Sally forth. Rush out suddenly. 
Say good-bye. To give greeting upon departure. 
Set forward . To go on . 
Set off. To begin to go. 
Set out. To leave. 
Set sail. To begin a voyage. 
Spring. To hasten away. 

Start off. } To beBin to go away ' 

Strike tents. To take down tents; to begin a march. 

Take flight. To run away from impending danger. 

Take leave. To depart from. 

Take one's departure. I ^ . 

* , ., *V, To leave. 

Take oneself off. J 

Take wing. To hasten away. 

Vacate. To depart from a place. 

Walk one's chalks. To be sent away. 

Weigh anchor. To start on a voyage. 

„,, . „ r To depart hurriedly. 
Whip off. ) 

Wing one's flight. To leave hurriedly and unknown. 

Withdraw. To leave; retire. 

Departure — Adjectives. 
Departing, etc. See Verbs. 
Outward bound. Going away from. 
Valedictory. Suitable for an occasion of leave taking. 

Dep a RTUR e — .4 dverbs. 
Hence. From here. 
On the move. Departing. 
On the wing. Fleeing. 
Thence. From that place. 
Whence. From what place. 
With a foot in the stirrup. Ready to depart. 

(Continued on Column 1.) 

ness, Presumption-Obsequiousness; arrogate to 

oneself, Dueness-Undueness. 
arrondissement [F.] (a-ron'-dis-marr'). Subdivision of 

a French department. Extension-District. 
ar-ro'-sion. A gnawing. Friction-Lubrication. 
ar'-row. A missile shot from a bow. Push-Pull, 

Swiftness-Slowness. Weapon. 
ar'-row-head". Sharp-pointed head of an arrow; 

shaped like an arrow. Sharpness-Bluntness, 

ar'-row-head"-ed. Shaped like an arrow. Sharpness- 
ars artium omnium conservatrix [L.] (arz ar'-shi-um 




om'-ni-um con-ser-ve'-tri.x) . The art preservative 
of all arts. Truthfulness-Falsehood, Writing- 
ars celare artcm [L.] (arz scl-e'-ri ar'-tcm). Art con- 
sists in hiding art. Skii.i.-Unskilfulness. 
ar'-se-nal. A place of deposit for arms. Store. 
ar'-se-nic. A non-metallic poisonous clement. Rem- 
ar'-son. Malicious burning of property. Heating- 
art. Practical application of knowledge; embodiment 
of beautiful thought in visible forms; mastery in 
works of taste. Craft-Artlessness, Delineation- 
Caricature, Nature-Art, Oiitpatihn, Skii.i.-Un- 
skilfulness; fine art, Taste-Vulgarity; work of 
art, Beauty-Ugliness, Embellishmeni Di i igure- 

ar'-ter-y. A channel; a blood-vessel. Watercourse- 
Airpipi:, Way. 

artes, hoe libi [L.] (ar'-liz, hi tib'-i i' ru 
These shall be your methods. Way. 

ititcs honorabit [L.] (ar'-tlz hon-or-S'-bit) . He will 
honor the arts. Skill-Unskilfulness. 

ar-te'-sian well. A well in which the water pressure- 
forces the water up. Gulf-Plain. 

art'-ful. Cunning; deceitful. Craft-Arti i 

Truthfulness-Falsehood; artful dodge, Craft- 
Artlessness, Truthfulness-Falsei d. 

art'-ful-ness. State of being artful. Truthfulness- 

ar'-ti-choke. A thistle-like plant, part of which is 

ar'-ti-cle. A particular object; a brief composition; a 
point of doctrine; an adjective that limits a noun. 
Adjective, Essay, Materiality-Spirituality, 
Merchandise, Missive-Pubi [cation, Substance- 
Nullity, Whole-Part; definite article, Adjective; 
indefinite article, Adjective. 

ar'-ti-cled clerk. A servant bound by agreement. 

ar'-ti-cles. Complete terms of religious belief. Terms; 
articles of agreement, Terms; articles of faith, The- 
ology; Thirty-nine Articles, Orthodoxy-Heter- 

ar-tic'-u-late. Clear. Vocalizatiox-Mitf.ness. 

ar-tic"-u-la'-tion. Distinct utterance; act of joining. 
Union-Disunion, Vocalization-Muteness. 

articulo, in [L.] (ar-tic'-yu-lo, in). In a moment. 
Life-Death, Lastingness-Transientness. 

ar'-ti-fice. Cunning. Craft-Artlessness, Design". 

ar-tif'-i-cer. A mechanic. Agent, Labor-Capital. 

ar"-ti-fi'-cial. Manufactured; crafty. Craft-Artless- 
ness, Nature-Art, Plrity-Crud'eness, Simplicity- 
Floridness, Society-Affectation, Truthfulness- 
Fraud; artificial language, Purity-Crudeness. 

ar"-ti-fi"-ci-al'-i-ty. No genuineness or naturalness. 

ar-til'-ler-y. Heavy cannon. Belligerent, Loud- 
ness-Faintness, Weapon. 

ar-til'-ler-y-man. One who works artillery. Bel- 

ar'-ti-san. A trained workman. Agent, Labor- 

artisan, chacun est V . . . de Sa foriune[F.] (shci-eun - ' e 
lar-ti-zan'' de sa for-tun'). Every man is the archi- 
tect of his own fortune. Success-Failure, Wel- 

art'-ist. An adept in a fine art. Agent, Artist, 


Artist. Any one who is skilful in the fine arts, especially painting 

and sculpture. 
Carver. One skilled in chiseling wood into figures. 

Chaser. An engraver. 

Coach painter. One adept in painting wagons. 

Copyist. One whi been created, by imi- 

Designer. One whi 

Draftsman. One who makes a draft or sketch. 
Drawer. One who delineates with a I 
Enamcler. One who is skilled in putting on enamel. 
Enamelist. .Same as enameler. 
Engraver. An art; into the surface of materials: 

< [ F f. A representee 
Flower painter. A painter who pai only. 

Historical painter. A painter who depict&Jiistorical s< em 
Landscape painter. A painter who represents natural scenery. 
Limner. One who draws or paints. 
Marine painter. A paint) r of sea-] 
Miniature painter. A painter of smal 
Modeler. One who makes a pattern. 
Painter. An artist who decorates or represents with < i 
Portrait painter. One who makes a specialty of the por- 

1 rait < ' i en. 
Scene painter. A landscape painter. 

Sculptor. An artist in w I, marble, el 

Sign painter. A painter 

Sketcher. One who maki Ltline or draw- 

Statuary. A tatues 

Artjs i — De notat ions. 
Apellcs; Phidias; Praxiteles; Royal Academician. 

ar-tisie 1 [F.] (or-tist') . A professional dancer or singer. 
A i riNG, Mi ' ician. 

ar-tis-tic. Correctly and tastefully executed Beauty- 
Ugliness, Nature-Art, Purity-< Skii l- 
Unskilfulness, Taste-Vulgarity; artistic lan- 
guage, Purity-Crudeness. 
ar-tis'-tic-al. Conformable to art Beauty-Ugi 
ar-tis'-tic-al-ly. In an artistic manner. Skill-Un- 


arlium baccalaureus [L.] (ar'-shi-um bac-ca-lau'-ri-us). 
Bacheli >r of arts. Scholar-Dunce. 

artium magisier [L.] (ar'-shi-um ma-jis'-ter) . Master 
of arts. Scholar-] Iunce. 

art'-less. Without deceit; simple. Craft-Artless- 
ness, Nature-Ai 

art'-less-ness. Withoi Craft-Art- 


arundo lethalis lateri haeret [L.] (a-run'-do leth-i 
lat'-cr-ai hi-rct). The fatal arrow clii in In r 

side. Pleasure-Pain. 

a-rus'-pex, a-rus'-pice. A soothsayer. Soothsayer. 

a-rus'-pi-cy. Divination. ]Y i 

Ar'-yan. One of the primitive pei pli of Central Asia. 


as. Like; thus; because; while; a I coin. 

Motive-Caprice, Values; as broad as long, Fqual- 
ity-Inequality; as can be, Entirety-Deficiency; 
as good as, Equality-Inequality; as if, Hypoth- 
i is, Likeness-Unlikeness; as it may be, Con- 
dition-Situation, Occurrence- Destiny, Ration- 
ale-Luck; as it were, Likeness-Unlikeness, 
Trope; as little as may be, Magnitude-Smallness; 
as much again, Doubling-Halving; as soon as, 
Coi \i: mm ; ; as the world wags, Occurrence- 
Destiny; as they say, Adage-Nonsense, Tidings- 
Mystery; as things are, Condition-Situation; as 
things go, Habit-Desuetude, Occurrence-Des- 
tiny; as to, Connection-Independence; as usual, 
Conventionality - Unconvi lity, IIabit- 

Desuetude; as well as, Addition-Subtraction; as 
you were, Advance-Retrogression, Renovation- 
Ri I API i , 

as-a-fet'-i-da. The juice of a plant of the family 
Ferula, which is used in medicine. PALATABLENESS- 
Un palatable, Remedy-Bane. 




as-cend'. To go upward. Ascent-Descent, Better- 
ment-Deterioration, Increase-Decrease. 

as-cend'-an-cy. Superiority in power or rank. Domi- 
nance-Impotence, Might-Impotence, Success- 

as-cend'-ant. Dominant. Consequence-Insignifi- 
cance, Dominance-Impotence, Reputation-Dis- 
credit, Rule-License, Success-Failure; lord of 
the ascendant, Chief-Underling; one's star in the 
ascendant, Welfare-Misfortune. 


ith the feet. See 

hill: ladder; 

Ascension. The act of moving upward. 

Ascent. The act of rising. 

Leap. The act of springing clear of the ground, 

Rise. Distance through which anything goes upward. 
Rising. Act of moving upward. See Verbs. 
Upgrowth. The process or result of growing up. 

Ascent — Denotations. 
Acclivity; Alpine Club; flight of steps; flight of stairs; 

lark; ratlines; rocket; sky-rocket; skylark. 

Ascent — Verbs. 

Arise. To come up from a lower to a higher position. 

Ascend. To go up; to climb. 

Aspire. To seek to attain something high. 

Clamber. To go upward with difficulty, or with hands and feet. 

Climb. To ascend with much labor. 

Escalade. To mount by means of ladders. 

Float. To move on the surface of a fluid. 

£ at *»•]■ To rise. 
Go up. > 






To be suspended in the air above something. 
To spring clear of the ground, with the feet. See Sprino 
To get up on anything, as a platform, or horse. 
To cut off parts that arc- higher than others. 
To creep up. 
Rise. To go from a lower position to a higher. 
Scale. To climb by a ladder. 
Scale the heights. To fight one's way upward. 
Scramble. To climb with hands and knees. 
Shoot up. To rise suddenly. 
Soar. To mount upward, as on wings. 
Spire. To shoot up in a spire. 
Spring up. To rise hurriedly. 
Startup. T) rise unexpectedly. 
Surge. To rise high and roll. 
Surmount. To rise higher than something else. 
Swim. To float on the top of the water. 
Tower. To overtop. 

Uprise. To appear from below the horizon; to rise to one's feet. 
Work one's way up. To struggle upward with great effort. 

Ascent — Adjectives. 

Buoyant. Tending to rise or float. 

Rising, etc. See Verbs. 

Scandent. Climbing. 

Superfluitant. Floating above < >r i >n the surface. 

Supernatant. Swimming. 

Ascent — Adverbs. 
Uphill. Ascending. 

DESCENT— Continued from Column 2. 
Descent — Adjectives. 
Palling of] al a certain ;easoa. 

.— ir j - _.i 

Deciduous, ran: 

Decurrent. I lownward 

Decursive. Running down. 

recursive. auiiiuiii; i 

Descendent. Palling 
Descending, etc See Verbs. 
Labent. Sliding; gliding. 
Nodding to its fall. Having th 

le top bent forward. 

I)i erbs. 

Downhill. Sloping. 
Downward. From a higher place to ;i lower. 

as"-cer-tain'. To learn with certainl v. 


as-cend'-ing. Moving upwards. Parallelism-Incli- 

as-cen'-sion. Act of rising; a vapor. Ascent-De- 
scent, Betterment- Deterioration, Heating- 
Cooling, Increase-Decrease. 

as-cent'. Act of ascending in space; an upward slope. 
Ascent-Descent, Betterment-Deterioration, In- 
crease-Decrease, Parallelism-Inclination, Rep- 


Cadence. Act or state of declining or sinking. 
Cropper. A fall on one's head when riding at full speed. 
Cttlbutc [F.J. A somerset. 
Declension. A downward sloping. 
Declination. Act or state of bending downward. 
Descension. The act of going downward. 
Descent. Change of place from higher to lower. 
Downfall. A sudden descent. 
Fall. A descent by the force of gravity. 
Falling. A sinking or dropping. 
Fate of Icarus. A fall while soaring too high. 
Lapse. A passing downward smoothly and gradually 
Lurch. A sudden falling. 
Stumble. A fall in walking or running. 
Subsidence. A sinking. 
Tilt. A leaning to one side. 

Titubation. The act of stumbling, rocking or rolling. 
Trip. A loss of footing or balance causing a fall. 
Descent — Denotations. 

Avalanche; debacle, a breaking or bursting forth of water; declivity ; 
dip; landslip; hill. 

Descent — Verbs. 

Alight. To spring down, as from on horseback. 

Come down. To descend. 

Come down a cropper. To fall on the head while going at full 

Come down a peg. To descend a short distance. 

Decline. To bend downward. 

Descend. To pass from a higher to a lower part of. 

Dismount. To bring down from an elevation. 

Droop. To hang bending downward. 

Drop. To cause to fall in one portion. 

Dropdown. To fall. 

Fall. To descend gradually or suddenly. 

Fall prostrate. To fall at full length. 

Get down. 

Go down. 

Gravitate. To tend in any direction or toward any object. 

Let fall. 

Light. To fall upon. 

Lurch. To roll or sway suddenly. 

Pitch. To decline or slope. 

Plump down. To drop or fall suddenly or heavily, like lead. 

Precipitate oneself. To throw oneself downward. 

Set. To sink out of sight . 

Settle. To sink gradually. 

Sink. To descend lower and lower. 

Slide. To move down gradually. 

Slip. To move downward smoothly and quickly. 

Sprawl. To move, when lying down. 

Stoop. To bend the upward part of the body downward and for- 

Stumble. To fall while walking or running. 

Swag. To sink down by its weight. 

Swoon. To fall on at once and seize. 

Tilt. To lower one end and raise the other. 

Titubate. Tostun bl 

Topple. To pitch or tumble down. 

Topple down.' Srr -,,„,„, 

Topple over. ' 

Trip. To cause to stumble. 

Tumble. To fall suddenly and violently. 

Tumble <l<»m- 1 see Tumble. 
r. > 

Tumble over. 

(( 'ontinued on Column i ) 


as"-cer-tained'. Made certain. 





as-cet'-ic. Practising a Austerity. 

as-cet'-i-cism. Practise of the lifi i recluse. Aus- 

as"-ci-ti'-tious. Addi d i without. Addition-Sub- 


as-cribe'. To refer, as to i r source. Ra- 


as-crip'-tion. Act of ascribing Rationale-Luck. 
ash. Remains of an organic sub tance thai has been 

burned. Heating- Cooling; ash- colored, Gray- 

a-shame'. To cause sh Si i .11 espect-Humble- 

a-shamed'. Feeling shame. Selfrj i i II mble- 


ash'-en. Resembling ashes in color. Gray-Brown. 

ash'-es. Dust ; mi rtal remains of tin- dead; deathly 
pallor. Cleann ess-Filthiness, Life-Corpse; lay in 
ashes, Creation- I >estructh in ; pale as ashes, Com ir- 
Achromatism, Sanguineness-Timidity; rise from 
one's ashes, R 1: nov a tion- R i. la pse. 

a-shore'. On tin- shore. Ocean-Land; go ashore, 
Arrival-Departi 1 i , < > < ban-Land. 

Ash Wednesday. The first day of Lent. Periodicity- 

ash'-y. Like ashes. Color-Achromatism. 

A'-sian mys'-ter-y. Mystery of an Asian chara< ti r 

a-side'. To one side; away from thought; 

Conversation -Monologue, Enlightenment- Se- 
crecy, Lateralitv-Contraposition, Louic 
Faintness; say aside, Conversation-Monol< 
set aside, Assertion-Denial, Carefulness^ 
lessness, Choice-Rejection, Commission-Abro 
cation, Establishment-Removal, Keeping-Ri- 
linquisiiment, Use-Disuse; step aside, Aim-Aber- 

as'-i-nine. Ass-like; stupid. Conveyer, Sagacity- 

asiniims ad lyrain [L.] (as"-i-noi'-nusad lai'-ram). Ass 
at the lyre. Harmony-Discord. 

ask. To make a request or petition for. Exchange, 
Investigation-Answer, Petition-Expostulation, 
Price-Discount; ask leave, Leave-Prohibition. 

a-skance'. With a side or indirect glance or meaning. 
Parallelism-Inclination; eye askance, Sanguini - 
ness-Timidity ; look askance, Approval-Disap- 
proval, Assent-Dissent, Desire-Distaste, Sight- 
Blindness, Sight-Dimsightedness. 

asked in church. Engaged to be married. Matri- 
mony-Celibacy - . 

ask'-ing. Making a petition. Petition-Expostula- 

a-skew'. In a twisted position or manner. Paral- 
lelism-Inclination, Proportion-Deformity. 

a-slant'. Across in a slanting direction. Parallel- 

a-sleep'. In a state of sleep. Activity-Indoleni 

As"-mo-de'-us. A destructive demon. Jove-Fiend. 

a-so'-ma-tous. Without body. Materiality-Spir- 

asp. A venomous serpent. Benefactor-Evildoer, 

As-pa'-si-a. The mistress of Pericles of Athens. 


as'-pect. Peculiar feature; a] Apprarance- 

Disappearanoe, Condition-Si tiai ion, Position, 

Subject! vlness-Objectivkm 
as'-pects. Appearances. Subjeci iveness-Objectivb- 

asp'-en leaf. Leaf of the poplar tree. Shake like an 

aspen leaf, Agitation, Sanguineness-Timidity. 
as-per'-i-ty. Harshness; roughness. Favorite-Anger, 

Favorite -Quarrei omi ness, Politeness -Impo- 

litl [oothness-roughni 

as'-per-ous. Harsh. Smooth] i Roughness. 
as-perse'. To slander. Adulation-Disparagement. 
as-per'-sion. Baptism by I Adulation- 

DlSP LRAG] [] I 1 i 1 \n INIAL. 

as'-phalt. Mineral pitch. Pulpiness-Rosin, Smooth- 
ness- Roc c. 11 ness. 

as-phyx'-i-a. Suffocation. Life-Death. 

as-phyx'-i-ate. To suffocate, Life-Death. 

as'-pir'-ant. One who seeks earnestly. Desire-Dis- 
taste, Petitioner. 

as'-pi-rate. To utter with a breathing. Vocaliza- 

as"-pi-ra'-tion. Exalted desire. Desire-Distaste, 
Devotion- Idolatry, San or ink ness-Timidity. 

as-pire'. To have an earnest desire for. Asi bnt-De- 
scent, Desire-Distaste, Devotion-Idolatry, Pur- 
pose-Luck, Sanguineness-Hopelessness. 

ass. An equine quadruped. Conveyer, Sage-Fooi ; 
ass between two bundles of hay, Determination- 
Vacillation; ass in lion's skin, Adept-Bungler, 
Gull-Deceiver; ass's bridge, Clearness-Obscu- 
rity; make an ass of, Truthfulness-Fraud. 

as"-sa-foet'-i-da. A drug of an offensive odor; • .i 
fetida. Perfume-Stench. 

as'-sa-gai. A spear. Weapon. 

as-sail'. To attack violently. Attack-Defense, 

as-sail'-ant. One who attacks. Antagonist-Assist- 
ant, Attai 1. 1>ii ense. Belligerent. 

as-sas'-sin. One who kills secretly. Life-Killing, 
Tyranny- Anarchy. 

as-sas'-sin-ate. To kill treacherously. Life-Killinc, 

as-sas"-sin-a'-tion. Killing. Life-Killing, Tyranny- 

as-sault'. A violent attack. Attack-Defense; 
assault and battery, Attack-Defense; take by 
assault, Taking-Restituth 

as-say'. To try. Trial. 

as-say'-ing. Analyzing an ore to find its ingredients. 

as'-se-guai. A light spear. Weapon. 

as-sem'-blage. Association. Concentration-Radi- 
ation, I '. vim RINC.-ScATTERINO. 

as-sem'-bled. Convened. Gathering-Scattering. 

as-sem'-bly. A gathering together. Council, Gath- 
ering-Si . Ministry-Laity, Sociability- 
Privacy, Union-Discnion. 

as-sem'-bly-man. A member of a legislative assci 

as-sem'-bly room. A gathering place. Dweller- 

as-sent'. Agreement. Assent-Dissent, Consent. 
Contentedness - Discontentment, Faith - Misgiv- 
ing, Readiness-Reluctance, Variance-Accord. 

Acceptance. An agreeing to terms or proposals by which a party is 

Acclamation. A shout of favor or assent. 
Accord. Agreement of opinion, will, or action. 
Accordance. Agreement or conformity. 

Acknowledgment. A declaration or avowal of one's own act. 
Acquiescence. A silent or passive agreement or submission. 

Cavilling. Picking fiaws; frivolous dissenting. 

Contradiction, etc. Denial of the truth of a statement; gainsaying. 

See Assbrtion-Dbnial. 
Difference of opinion. Disagreement in belief or judgment; di 
Disaffection. Discontent; alienation; dislc 
Discontent, etc. Dissatisfaction; uneasiness. See CoNTENTEDNBSS- 





Admission. The granting of an argument or position not fully- 

Affirmation ) ^ s °l emn declaration in place of a judicial oath. 

Agreement. Harmony of opinion, statement, or action. See Har- 

Approval. A favorable opinion. 

Assent. Act of the mind in admitting or agreeing to anything. 

Assentment. Act of agreeing with. 

Avowal. An open declaration. 

Chorus. The simultaneous joining of a company in any noisy 

Common consent. Public approval. 

Concordance. } A state of a ^ eenient " r harmony. 

Concurrence. Agreement of opinion. See Cooperation. 

Confession. Acknowledgment of a matter pertaining to oneself. 

Confession of faith. A formula containing the articles of belief. 

Confirmation. That which gives new strength to a statement or 

Consent. Voluntary agreement with what is done or proposed by 
another. See Consent. 

Cooperation. Concurrent effort or labor. See Cooperation. 

Corroboration. To confirm or declare the truth of. 

Current belief. General acceptance of a fact or assertion as true. 

Current opinion. The judgment of a community in regard ti> any 
poi nt of knowledge or action. 

Endorsement. Sanction or approval. See Mark. 

Nod. A motion of the head giving assent. 

Popular belief. Common assent to anything without immediate per- 
sonal knowledge. 

Popular opinion. Public or common judgment. 

Public opinion. Notion or conviction of the people, founded upon 
probable evidence. 

Ratification. Approval or sanction of an act. 

Recognition. Knowledge confessed or avowed 

Unanimity. The state of being of one mind. 

Visa [L.]. An endorsement on a passport. 

Vox populi [L.]. The voice of the people. 

Assent — Verbs. 

Accede. To agree or assent to a proposal or a view. 

Accept. To receive with a consenting mind. 

Accord. To bring to an agreement. 

Acknowledge. To own or recognize in a particular character. 

Acquiesce. To consent by silence, or by omitting to object. 

Admit. To concede as true. 

Affirm. To confirm ; to declare positively. 

Agree. To come to one mind concerning. See Harmony 

Allow. To approve of. 

Approve. To think well of. 

Assent. To express one's agreement. 

Avow. To acknowledge and justify. 

Coincide. To correspond exactly. 

Concede. To yield or suffer to pass. 

Concur. To unite or agree in action or opinion. 

Confess. To acknowledge oneself to be guilty of. 

Confirm. To strengthen by approval. 

Consent. To agree in opinion or sentiment. 

Corroborate. To make more certain. See sub Evidence 

Countersign. To sign in order to attest the authenticity of a writing 

Echo. To repeat with assent. 

fcnaorse. ( ^ q ^ ve one * s name or support t<>. 

Own. To admit to be true. 

Permit. To allow or suffer to be done. See Leave. 
Ratify. To give sanction to something done by an agent. 
Receive. To take into mind by assent to. 
Reciprocate. To give and receive mutually. 
Recognize. To allow that one knows. 

Assent— Verbal Expressions, 
Abide by; agree in opinion; be at one with; be in every mouth; be 
in the fashion; chime in with; close with; come round to; come 
to an agreement; come to an understanding; come to terms; con- 
form to; defer to; enter into one's views; give assent; give one's 
voice for; go along with; go with; go with the stream; join in 
the chorus; lend oneself to; nod assent; say amen to; say aye to; 
say ditto to; say yes to; strike in with; swim with the stream; 
vote for; yield assent. 

Assent— A djectives. 

Acquiescent. Disposed to submit quietly. 
Affirmative. See Assertion. 

Discordance, etc. State of disagreeing; lack of harmony, etc. See 

Dissension, etc. Angry or violent disageement in opinion, etc. See 

Dissent. Disagreement in opinion; separation from an established 

Diversity of opinion. Unlikcness or variety of opinion. 

Non-compliance, etc. Failure to conform or acquiesce, etc. See 

Non-conformity, etc. Failure to conform or agree; refusal to adhere 
to the established church. See Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

Protest. Solemn or formal dissent or objection. 

Protestantism. The principles and system of doctrines of the Prot- 
estant churches, dissenting from the authority of the pope. 

Recantation, etc. The act of withdrawing, as a former statement, or 
disavowing an opinion previously held, etc. See Bigotry-Apos- 

Recusancy. Persistent non-conformity to authoritative commands; 
refusal to conform to the Church of England. 

Schism. Division of a church into factions because of dissenting 

Secession, etc. Withdrawal from union or fellowship, etc. See 

Dissent — Xoittis of Ago:!. 

Dissenter. One who disagees; one who refuses conformity to an 
established church. 

Dissentient. A dissenter; one who disagrees. 

Non-content. One who votes negatively. 

Non-juror. A Scotch or English clergyman who refused to swear alle- 

Protestant. Any Christian who stands opposed to Roman Catholi- 

Recusant. One who obstinately refuses to conform to authoritative 
commands; a non-conformist. 

Schismatic. One who causes or takes part in a schism; one who dis- 
sents from an established church because of difference of opinion. 

Dissent — Verbs. 

Call in question, etc. Doubt; disagree with; challenge, etc. See 

Cavil. Object frivolously; pick flaws. 

Contradict, etc. Deny; be inconsistent with. See Assertion- 

Demur. Bring forward objections or difficulties', take exception. 

Differ in opinion. Disagee; dissent. 

Differ toto cosh. Differ by the whole heaven; be entirely different. 

Disagree. Differ; hold discordant views. 

Dissent. Disagree in opinion; refuse adherence to an established 

Have no notion of. Refuse. 

Look askance. } „ , -,. ,. , - ,■ . 

T . . . f Regard with disdain or distrust. 

Look askant. > 

Protest. Dissent formally or solemnly. 

Raise one's voice against. Object to or protest against by speech. 

Recant, etc. Retract, as a former statement; renounce an opinion 
previously held. See Bigotry-Apostasy. 

Refuse assent. Withhold approval; dissent. 

Refuse to admit. Decline to acknowledge the truth of; disagree. 

Repudiate. Disavow; renounce; refuse to acknowledge and pay. 

Revolt at. Dissent with disgust or offense. 

Revolt from the idea. Be disgusted, shocked, or offended with the 

Say no, etc. See Assertion-Denial. 

Secede. Withdraw from fellowship, communion, or confederation. 

Shake the head. Dissent by moving the head on its axis from side to 

Shrug the shoulders. Raise up the shoulders in order to express dis- 
like, doubt, etc. 

Dissent — Adjectives. 

Denominational. Sectarian ; characterized by different opinions. 
Discontented, etc. Dissatisfied, etc. See Contbntedness-Discon- 

Dissentient. Dissenting; withholding approval. 
Dissenting, etc. Disagreeing: refusing adherence, etc. See Verbs. 
Dissident. Differing', dissenting. 

Extorted. Obtained violently from an unwilling person 
Negative, etc Characterized by contradiction or di sent, etc. See 

Non-content. Dissatisfied. 
Non-juring. Refusing to swear allegiance 
Out of the question. Not worthy of thought or consideration. 
Protestant. Protesting; formally dissenting. 




ASSENT— DISSENT— Continued. 

ASSENT — Adjectives — Continued. 
Agreed. Of the same mind. 
Agreed nan. con. No one speaking in opp< i 
Agreed on all hands. Unanimous. 
Assenting. Admitting or agreeing to anything. 
Atone with. Agreed. 

Carried by acclamation. Passed by a shi tut i \i approval. 
Carried nan. con. Carried without oppo iti >n. 
Content. Agreeing withoul examination. 
Of one accord. "t 
Of one mind. j-Unanimous. 

Of the same mind. ) 

Unanimous. A ; ingin opinion or determinate m. 
Unchallenged. Left to pa i xamination. 

Uncontradicted. Withoul assertion to the contrary. 
Uncontroverted. Undispute< 1 
Unquestioned. Not doubted. 

Willing, etc. Received of choice, or without reluctance. Sec Rbadi- 
. . .. 

A ! . ■ I dverbs. 

Affirmatively. Positively. 
Amen. So be it. 
As one man. All together. 
Assuredly. Certainly. 

Aye. » 
Be it so. 

By common consent. See Nouns, 

Certainly. Without, doubt or question. 

Certes. In truth. 

Doubtless. Fixed in judgment. 

Even so. Just s> •. 

Exactly. Strictly according to rule. 

Ex concesso [L.]. From what has been concedi d, 

Good. Expression of approval. 

Granted. Admitted as true. 

In chorus. Acting together. 

Indeed. Truly! denoting concession. 

In the affirmative. Positively, as opposed to negatively. 

Just so. 

Nem. con. [L.]. Abbreviation for nentine contradicente. 

Nemine contradicente [L.]. No one speaking in opposition. 

Nomine dissentiente [L.]. Without a dissenting voice. 

No doubt. I ,. , 
r\£ I Surely. 

Of course. ' 

On all hands. \ .,. , .. 

<-» j 11 i All together. 

One and all. ) fa 

Precisely. ") 

So be It. -Exactly. 

So let it be.) 

That's just it. 1 n . . 

™,. . . . , .. r Conceded. 
Thou hast said it. > 

To a man. All together. 

asscnti, gli hanno torto [It.] (as-sen'-ti, yi an'-no 
tor-to) . The absent are in the wrong. Justifica- 

DISSENT— Adjectives— Continued. 
Recusant. Obstinately refusing conformity. 
Schismatic. Of or pertaining to schism or dissent. 
Sectarian. Devotedly attached to the tenets of a denomination; 

;enting from all but one sect. 
Unacknowledged. Not confessed or avowed. 
Una vowed. Not openly acknowlc<!: r 

Unconsenting, etc. Not agreeing, <-tc. Sec Propper-Refusal. 
Unconverted. Not agreeing with the Christian religion ; not changed 

in opmi' in. 
Unwilling, etc. 

At issue with. 

Not persuaded by argument; unsatisfied by evidence. 
See Readiness-Reluctance. 

Dissent — Adverbs. 
Dissenting from; di iputed. 

At variance with. In disagreement with; in a condition of 

No, etc. See Assertion-Denial. 

Under protest. With f< >i lemn dissent. 

Dissent — Interjections. 
God forbid I I'll be hanged if; never tell me; not for the world; 
pardon me; your humble servant. 

Dissent — Phrases. 
II s'en faut bien [F.l. It is far from it. 
Many men many minds. Diversity of opinion. 

homines tot sententiee [L.]. Many men many minds. 
Tant s'en faut [P.]. So far from it. 

ASSENT — Adverbs — Continued. 

To be sure. Certainly. 

~ . " J Expressions of assent. 

Unanimously. Of one mind. 

/ r na voce [L.]. With one voice. 

Unquestionably. Undisputed. 

Very true.) r» _*. • i 
,. J ,, . Certainly, 
very well.' 

Well. I r . 

Well and good. > J 

Willingly, etc. < )f one's own accord. See READINESS. 

With one accord, i 

With one consent. See A 

With one voice. J 

Without a dissentient voice. Unanimously. 

„ ' .' Affirmative adverbs. 
Yes. > 

Assent — Phrases. 

plaisir [F.*]- With pleasure. 

Chi Usee aceousente [It.]. Silence gives consent. 

orakas [Gt ]. To the crows. 

as-sert'. To state positively or plainly. Assertion- 
Denial, Dueness-Undueness. 

as-ser'-tion. Positive or definite statement. Asser- 


Acknowledgment. Avowal of an obligation ; confession. See 

Adjuration. An impressive appeal or charge. 

Affidavit. A written declaration under oath. 

Affirmance. The act of openly declaring. 

Affirmation. The act of declaring true; an assertion. 

Allegation. Act of strongly declaring. 

Assertion. The making of a statement as a conviction of the mind. 

Asseveration. Emphatic affirmation. 

Assurance. Declaration intended to dispel doubt. 

Averment. Strong statement of the truth. 

Avouchment. A declaration that the maker will stand by. 

Dogmatism. Unyielding; positive assertion. See Certainty. 

Declaration. An open, formal expression of facts, etc. 

Deposition. Written testimony sworn to. See Mark. 

Dictum. An authoritative statement. 

Emphasis. The act of bringing out forcibly. 

Ipse dixit [L.]. He himself has said it. Incontestable statement. 

Oath. A solemn appeal to God in support of the truth of a declara- 

Abjuration. Renouncing upon oath. 
Abnegation. A denial, a renouncing. 
Confutation. The act of refuting, of successfully denying. See 

Contradiction. Denial of another's assertion. 
Contravention. Opposition to the operation, as of a law. 
Denial. The act of refusing to grant or admit, non-compliance. 
Disavowal. Refusing to own, repudiation. 
Disclaimer. A denying of any responsibilit; 
Emphatic contradiction. Positive denial. 
Emphatic denial. Absolute refusal to accept or to admit. 

-. . . . "J Open and absolute denial or contradiction. 

Prohibition. The act of forbidding or disallowing. See Leave- 
Protest. A public objecting to. 
Negation. Opposed to affirmation, a denial. 
Qualification. A partial negation. See Modification. 
Recusation. Persistent refusal to conform to established order. 
Recusancy. Obstinacy in refusal. See Assent-Dissent. 





Observation. A casual remark. 

Position. The act of laying down, as a principle, fact, etc. 

Predication. A statement of a principle belonging to something. 

Profession. A declaration of any kind as of faith , etc . 

Protest. A solemn declaration or objection. 

Protestation. Act of proclaiming or objecting to a thing. 

Remark. A brief statement without much thought. 

Saying. A common remark often repeated. 

Sentence. A group of words making sense. 

Statement. A declaration of things. 

Swearing. Solemn affirmation upon oath. 

Voice. An expression of judgment or preference. 

Vote. A formal expression of preference. 

Voter. One who casts a vote on a question. 

Word. A brief remark. 

Assertion — Noun of Agency, 

Dogmatist. One who clings tenaciously to an opinion or declaration. 

Assertion — Verbs. 

Acknowledge. To avow, confess. See Assent. 
Adjure. To put to one's oath. See Engagement. 
Advance. To put forward as one's opinion. 
Affirm. To make a statement firm ; to declare positively. 
Allege. To declare, to aver. 

Announce. To give public notice of; to declare. See Enlighten- 
Assert. To affirm boldly. 
Assert positively. 
Assert roundly. 
Asseverate. To aver strongly. 
Assure. To make safe against doubts. 
Attest. To declare true. See Evidence. 
Aver. To assert that something is true. 
Avouch. To declare in favor of. 
Avow. To acknowledge openly. 
Be sworn. 

Broach. To introduce a subject for the first time. 
Call Heaven to witness. To affirm solemnly. 
Certify. To make certain ; to make declaration of the truth of. 
Contend. To hold to a statement. 
Declare. To make an open statement. 
Depone. To testify. 
Depose. To bear witness to under oath. 
Dogmatize. To make positive, arrogant statements. 
Emphasize. To utter with force. 

Have one's say. To give one's opinion and carry his point. 
Have the last word. 
Hold out. Stick to. 

Insist upon. To assert emphatically; to demand forcibly. 
Kiss the book. To take the oath. 
Lay down. To assert vigorously. 
Lay down the law. 

Lay stress upon. To subjoin great importance to. 
Maintain. To affirm as a doctrine, etc. 
Make an affidavit. 
Make an assertion. See Nouns. 
Make (take) one's oath. 
Predicate. To affirm one thing of another. 
Pretend. To claim , profess. 
Profess. To announce publicly. 
Pronounce. To declare. 
Propsse. To place before. 
Propound. To formally propose. 
Protest. To assert emphatically. 
Put forth. 
Put forward. 
Put in an affidavit. 
Raise one's voice. To attest, proclaim. 
Rap out. To speak out suddenly. 
Reaffirm. To affirm again. 
Reassert. To assert a^ain. 
Repeat. To say over again. 

Set forth. To deolare. 
State. To set out clearly. 
Swear. To affirm on oath. 
Swear by. 

Swear by bell, book and candle. 
Swear till one is all blue. 
Swear till one is black in the face. 

Refusal. A declining to comply or accept. See Proffer-Refusal. 
Repudiation. Refusal to have anything to do with. See Choice- 
Retraction. The act or state of being retracted. See Bigotry- 

Denial — Verbs. 
Belie. To make out false, to contradict. 

Bring in question. To throw doubt upon. See Faith-Misgiving, 
Call in question. 

Contradict. To deny the truth of. 
Contravene. To oppose the operation of. 

Controvert. To deny and to sustain the denial by arguments. 
Deny. To affirm that such and such are untrue, to disown. 
Deny emphatically. 
Deny entirely. 
Deny flatly. 
Deny peremptorily. 
Deny wholly. 

Disaffirm. Not to affirm or declare. 
Disavow. To refuse to own or acknowledge. 
Disclaim. Not to claim. 
Disown. To decline to own ; to disavow. 
Dispute. To contend in argument; to question the truth of. 
Gainsay. To say against; to deny. 
Give the lie to. To call a liar; to brand as a liar. 
Ignore. To decline to have any relations with. See Carefulness- 
Impugn. To assail with arguments; to contradict. 
Join issue upon. To enter into a debate. 
.Negative. To prove or declare untrue. 
Qualify. To negative partially. See Modification. 
Rebut. To contradict with argument. See Proof-Disproof. 
Recant. To take back a former statement. 
Refuse. To decline, to deny. See Proffer-Refusal. 
Repudiate. To refuse to have anything to do with, to discard. See 

Revoke. To declare void, to reverse. See Commission-Abroga- 
Set aside. 

Shake the head. To call in question. 
Traverse. To make a formal denial. 

Denial — Adjectives. 

At issue upon. In controversy. 

Contradictory. Affirming the opposite. 

Denied. Declared untrue. See Verbs. 

Denying. Declaring untrue. See Verbs. 

Negative. Opposed to positive. 

Negatory. Belonging to negation. 

Recusant. Obstinately declining to conform. See Assent-Dissent. 

Denial — Adverbial Expressions. 
By no manner of; by no means; far from it; in no respect; nay; 
negatively; no; no such thing; not; not a bit; not a jot; not at all; 
not a whit; nothing of the kind; nothing of the sort; not in the least; 
not so; nowise; on no account; quite the contrary; taut s'en faut 
[F.], so far from it ; tout au contrairc [F.], on the contrary. 

Denial — Phrases. 
I know better. 

Non lure in jadera [L.]. Not in these compacts. 
There never was a greater mistake. 

ASSERTION— Verbs— Continued. 

Take one's Bible oath. To take a very solemn oath. 

Take one's stand upon. To emphatically affirm. 

Viiam impendere vero [L.]. To risk one's life for the truth. 

Vouch. To certify to the truth of. 

Vow. To make a solemn promise. 

Warrant. To declare confidently. 

Assertion — Adjectives. 
Absolute. Authoritative) peremptory. 
Affirmatory. Having amrmati in 
Asserting. Stating positively. Sec Verbs. 
Broad. Plain, open, clear. 
Categorical. Without condition, absolute. 
Certain. Plain, evident, open. See Certainty. 
Confident. Bciiij; 1.. .1.1, si li reliant. 
Decided. Having decision, resolute. 



ASSERTION — Adjectives — Continued. 

Declaratory. Making an affirmatii m. 

Definitive. Final, conclu 

Distinct. Open, clear. 

Dogmatic. Having positive beliefs. 

Emphatic. Having tunc or emphasis. 

Explicit. Plainly expressed. See Manifest* i tON 

Express. Declared with distinctness. 

Flat. Unqualified, positive 

Formal. Done according to form. 

Marked. Distinguished by a mark. 

Peremptory. Positive in opinion, absolute. 

Pointed. Having sharpne-s or point. 
Positive. That which may be asserted. 
Predicable. Capable of predication. 

Predicatory. Able to be affirmed as a quality. 

Pronunciative. Dogmatic al. 

Round. Unqualified, full 

Soi-disant [F.]. Pretended. 

Solemn. 11 i ., done formally. 

Trenchant. Keen, biting. 

Unretracted. Not taken back; still affirmed. 

.' Expressions. 

Affirmatively, in an affirmative manner ( ee I; be assured 

( i Faith); by George; by jingo; by Jove; bv my troth; egad, by 
God; ex cathedra [L.], with authority; forsooth; give me leave 
to say; I assure you; I'd have you to know; i' faith; I'll answer 
for it; I'll be bound; I'll engage for it; I'll take my oath; I'll ven- 
ture to say; I'll warrant; I'll warrant you; I must say; in all con- 

science; in sober earnest; in sober sadness; in sober truth; in the 
affirmative; joking apart; let me tell you; marry; not to mince 
the matter; of a truth; perdie; sadly; seriously; so help me God; 
take my honor; take my oath; troth; truly; upon my word; upon 
oath; why; with emphasis; without fear of contradiction; yes (see 
m) ; you may be sure. 

Dixi [L.]. I have said it. 

Assert u in — Pkrai i 

Quoth he. Sai'l he. 

as-sess'. To fix the amount of tax. DECISION-Mis- 
judgmext, Mensuration, Price-Discount. 

as-sess'-ment . Apportionment of taxes. Deci 
Misjudgment, Mensuration, Pru e Di count. 

as-sess'-or. An officer who levies taxes; an a 
judge. Judge. 

as'-sets. Property of an insolvent debtor. Money, 

as-sev'-er-ate. To declare positively. Asski 

as-sev"-er-a'-tion. Emphatic declaration. Asser- 

as"-si-du'-i-ty. Close application. Activity-Indo- 

as-sid'-u-ous. Devoted or constant. Activity-Indo- 

as-sid'-u-ous-ness. Habits of close application. Ai - 

as'-si-fy. To make an ass of. Sensitiveness-Apathy. 

as-sign'. Tosctapart for a particular use. Alienation, 
Assignment, Commission-Abrogation, Giving-Re- 
ceiving; assign as a duty, Duty-Dereliction; 
assign as cause, Rationale-Luck; assign places, 
Organization -Disorganization. 

as'-sig-nat. Promissory note of the French revolu- 
tionary government in 1789. Money. 

as"-sig-na'-tion. Appointment; a meeting place. 
Sociability-Privacy; place of assignation, Gather- 

as"-sign-ee' . A trustee. Giving-Receiving. 

as-sign'-ment. Appointment; transfer of property. 
Assignment, Commission-Abrogation, Giving-Re- 



Allotment. Anything set apart for a special use or to a distin 

Allowance. A share or portion of anything granted. 
Appointment. Designation of a person to hold an office or riis 

Apportionment. A dividing into just shares or parts. 
Appropriation. Application for a special use or purpose. 
Assignment. A grant for a particular purpose. 
Consignment. Goods sent to an agent at one ti 
Contingent. That which falls to one in a division. 
Deal. A part or portion. 

Dispensation. That which is dealt out or appointed. 
Distribution. Arrangement into parts 
Dividend. A sum of money to be divided or distributed. 
Division. The portion separated or set apart from another. 
Dole. That which is dealt out. 

Dose. The quantity of medicine given at one time. 
Lot. A part which falls to one by chance. 

Measure. The quantity d asuring. 

Meed. That which is best* wed upi n one in consideration of merit. 

Mess. A quantity of food Ret on a table at one time. 

Modicum [L.]. A small quantity. 

Partition. A part divided off. 

Pittance. A meager portion, quantity, or allowance. 

Portion. A part considered by itself. 

Proportion. The part one receives when the whole is distributed by 

Quantum [L.]. A definite portion. 
Quota. A proportional part or share. 
Ratio. A fixed relation of quantity, or degree. 
Ration. A fixed daily allowance of provisions. 
Repartition. An additional separation into parts. 
Share. The part belonging to one of anything owned by a number. 

Assignment — Verbs. 

Allot. To parcel into parts. 

Apportion. To divide and assign in just proportion. 

Billet. To quarter or place in lodgings. 

Carve. To cut into parts for sharing. 

Cast. To fix or distribute. 

Deal. To give in portions. 

Detail. To appoint for a particular ?>■: 

Dispense. To give out in portions. 

Distribute. To divide among several or many. 

Divide. To part. 

Dole out. To give out in small portions. 

Mete. To allot by quant it y or capacity. 

Parcel out. To divide anil distribute by parts. 

Portion out. To endow with a portion or inheritance. 

Share. To receive a portion. 

Assignment — Adject: 

Apportioning, etc. See Verbs. 

Respective. Relating to particular persons or things, each to each. 

• Assignment — Adverbs. 
Eachtoeach. Considered separately erythingelse. 

Respectively. Referred to each in order. 

as-sim'-i-late'. To make like, or transform into the 
same substance. Conversion-Re^ i Har- 

mony-Discord. Imitation-Originality, Likeness- 
Unlikeness, Uniformity-Diversity. 

as-sim' / -i-la'-tion. A transformation into the same sub- 
stance. Biology. Conversion-Reversion, Har- 


as-sist'. To help. Obstruction-Help. 

as-sis'-tance. Help. Obstruction-Help. 

as-sist'-ant. One who helps another. Antagonist- 

as-sist'-er. One who is present. Presence-Absent e. 

as-size'. Session of a court; to fix the weight cf. 
Mensuration, Tribunal ; justice of assize, Judge. 




as-so'-ci-ate. To bring together; one very much in 
the company of a person. Antagonist-Assistant, 
Association, Connection-Independence, Friend- 
Foe, Gathering-Scattering, Mixture-Homo- 
geneity, Solitude-Company, Union-Disunion; 
associate with, Mixture-Homogeneity, Sociabil- 
ity-Privacy, Solitude-Company. 

as-so'-ci-a-ted. Joined to. Connection-Independ- 

as-so"-ci-a'-tion. Connection or relation. Antag- 
onism-Concurrence, Antagonist-Assistant, As- 
sociation, Connection-Independence, Friend- 
Foe, Gathering-Scattering, Mixture- Homo- 
geneity, Solitude-Company, Union-Disunion; 
association of ideas, Hypothesis, Mind-Imbecility, 
Ratiocination-Instinct, Re flection- Vacancy. 


Association. A body of persons united for a common purpose. 

Band. A body of men associated for the execution of a specific 

Body. A group of persons considered as a whole. 

Brigue. A cabal; a faction. 

Brotherhood. A number of men united by some fraternal bond or 

Cabal. A factious, intriguing body of men. 

Camarilla [I t .]. An irresponsible company of advisers. 

Camorra [It]. A secret society of Italy and Naples, organized in 
the nineteenth century, to watch the course of political events. 

Circle. A company bound together by a common tie. 

Clan. A body of persons of the same descent having a tribal society. 
See Parentage. 

Clique. An exclusive circle of persons, generally associated for a bad 

Club. An association of persons for social purposes. 

Combination. A joining together of a number for effecting a pur- 

Community. A number of persons having a common interest; 
society in general ; a corporate body. 

Confederation. The act of joining together; a league of states. 

Confederacy. A number of states in league. 

Confraternity. A body of men joined together for a common end. 

Coterie. A circle of persons meeting together for a certain purpose. 

Crew. A body of men associated for a specific work; the seamen of 
one vessel; any gang. 

Denomination. A group of persons having a common name. 

Dramatis persona [L.]. The characters of a play. 

Faction. A combination of politicians within a party acting for their 
own interest, in opposition to the government or general good. 

Familistery. A community in which many persons unite as one 

Family. A group of persons united by consanguinity or ties of blood. 

Federation. A league of persons or of states. 

Fellowship. A body of associated persons as companions. 

Fraternity. A body of men associated together in a friendly manner 
for some purpose. 

Freemasonry. Institutions of Freemasons, a secret organization for 
promotion of social intercourse and mutual assistance. 

Free-soiler. An advocate for the non-extension of slavery. 

Gang. A number in company acting together^ 

Horde. An irregular company, said generally of barbarous nomadi. 

Incorporation. Act of incorporating. 

Institute. A society generally of literary or philosophical men. 

Institution. A corporate body for a public purpose. 

Junto. A secret council of men for political purposes. 

Knot. A cluster, a group of men. 

League. A union of persons, or states for effecting an end. 

Locofoco. A name formerly given to a part of the Democratic party. 

Luddite. A member of a riotous gang which for six years (1811-17) 
tried to keep labor-saving machines out of England. 

Party. A body of persons opposed in opinion or policy to another 
body; a number of persons associated. 

Phalanx. Any closely knit body of men. 

Posse. A number of men selected by the sheriff to assist in the main- 
tenance of order. 

Ring. A combination of persons generally for corrupt political pur- 
poses or mercenary ends. 

Set. A number of persons of same rank, profession, tastes, or 

Side. A party, a clique. 

Sisterhood. A company of women associated together in common 

bonds of friendship. 
Society. Any body of persons united by any tie. 
Sodality. A brotherhood. 
Staff. A body of persons attached to a commander-in-chief of an 

Trade union. A combination of workmen for bettering their social 

and economic condition. 
Union. A combination or association of any kind. 

Association — Denotations. 

Alliance, an agreement between parties; bund [G.], a league, espe- 
cially said of the German Confederation; coalition; defensive alli- 
ance; Knight Templar; Kuklux; offensive alliance; party spirit; 
solidarity, a solid union of interests or feeling; Tammany; Tory; 
vercin [G.], a voluntary union of persons for a definite end; Whig; 
zollverein [G.], a union in respect to trade and customs. 

Association — Place. 

Casino, A place for assemblage, etc. 

Association — Verbs. 

Associate. To join together in a common enterprise. See Gather, 

Cement a party. To join its parts firmly together, to make it coop- 
erate together. 

Club together. To join together in a common end. See Concur- 

Enleague. To unite in a league. 

Form a party. To join together into a party. See Nouns. 

Join. To bring together, to associate. 

Unite. To join, to bring together into a whole. 

Association — Adjectives. 

Banded together. United together as in a band. 

Bonded together. Held together as with bonds. 

Confederated. Leagued together in a common end. 

Embattled. Marshaled in battle array. 

Federative. Leagued together. 

In alliance (see Nouns) . in league; in partnership. 

Joint. United, working together. 

Linked together. Associated together as if with links. 

Association — Adverbs. 

En masse [F.], in mass; hand in hand; shoulder to shoulder; side by 

as-soil'. To set free. Exculpation-Conviction. 

as'-so-nance. Correspondence in sound. Melody- 
Dissonance, Poetry-Prose. 

as'-so-nant. Corresponding in sound. Melody-Dis- 

as-sort'. To distribute into classes. Organization- 

as-sort'-ment. Classification. Division, Gathering- 

as-suage'. To allay or soothe. Alleviation-Aggra- 
vation, Turbulence-Calmness. 

as-suage'-ment. Abatement. Turbulence-Calm- 

as-sua'-ging. Soothing. Alleviation- Aggravation. 

as-sua'-sive. Soothing. Alleviation-Aggravation. 

as"-su-e-fac'-tion. Habituation. Habit-Desuetude. 

as'-su-e-tude. State of being accustomed to. Habit- 

as-sume'. To undertake; to take for granted; to put 
on deceitfully. Dueness-Undueness, Faith-Mis- 
giving, Hypothesis, Presumption-Obsequious- 
ness, Taking-Restitution, Truthfulness-False- 
hood; assume a character, Delineation-Carica- 
ture; assume a form, Conversion-Reversion; 
assume authority, Rule-License; assume com- 
mand, Order, Rule-License; assume the offensive, 

as-sumed'. Taken for granted. Hypothesis; as- 

sumed name, Name-Misnomer. 

as-su'-ming. Being presumptuous. Presumption- 




as-sump'-tion. Taken for granted; arrogance. Con- 
version-Reversion, Dueness-Undueness, Faith- 
Misgiving, Harshness-Mildness, II vim. thesis, 
Presumption - Obsequiousness, Sanguine-. 
Hopelessness, Taking-Restitution, Truth m i - 

as-sur'-ance. Confidence; boldness; evidence of the 
transfer of property. Assertion -Denial, Cer- 

Release, Faith-Misgiving, Hypothesis, Presump- 
tion - Obsequiousness, Rationale - Lick, San- 
GUINENESS-Hopelessness, Security; make assur- 
ance doubly sure, Certainty- Doubt, Reckless- 
ness-Caution, Security-Insecurity. 

as-sure'. To give confidence to. As iertion-Denial, 
Engagemen r- Release, Faith-Misgiving, San- 
guin en ess-Hopelessness, Security. 

as-sur'-ed-ly. Without doubt. Assi D 

a-stat'-ic. In neutral equilibrium. Heaviness-Light- 

as'-ter-isk. A star used to indicate in writing or print- 
ing. Sign. 

a-stern'. Behind the ship. Anteriority-Posterior- 
ity; fall astern, Advance-Retrogressio r. 

as'-ter-oid. A small planet. Astronomy, Universe. 

As'-ter-oth. Female counterpart of Baal. Jove- 

as"-the-ni'-a. General debility. Strength-Weak- 

as-then'-ic. One generally weak. Strength-Weak- 
ness. « 

as'*-tig-mat'-ic. Relating to astigmatism. Sight-Dim- 

a-stig'-ma-tism. An optical defect. Sight- Dim- 

a-stir'. In full activity. Activity-Indolence, Ex- 
citation; set astir. Excitation. 

a-ston'-ish. To affect with wonder or surprise. 
Astonishment-Expectance, Expectation-Sur- 

a-ston'-ished at no'-thing. Cool-headed. Astonish- 

a-ston'-ish-ing. Surprising. Magnitude-Smallness. 

a-ston'-ish-ing-ly. Surprisingly. Magnitude-Small- 

a-ston'-ish-ment. Amazement. Astonishment-Ex- 


Admiration. Wonder mingled with pleasing emotions; it includes 

delight and regard. 
Amazedness, etc. The state of being amazed. See Adjectives. 
Amazement. Pleasing or painful wonderment, especially affecting 

the intelKi t . 
Astonishment. Momentary overwhelming of the mind by that 

which is beyond expectatii in, affecting the emotions especially. 
Awe. Yielding of the mind to something grand in character or 

formidable in power. 
Bewilderment. State of being led into perplexity or confusit >n . 
Fascination. An unseen, but powerful influence over the affe* tions 

or passions. 
Flabbergastation. The state of being astonished. 
Marvel. Something so out of the ordinary as to s© r quite 

Sensation. Mental impression resulting from internal or external 

stimulus, especially a powerful one. 
Stound. Confusion of mind from sudden fear or other pa 

Stupefaction. State of insensibility, stolid state; dulness. 
Stupor. Condition of the body in which the senses and faculties are 

suspended or greatly dulled. 
Surprise, etc. The act of coming upon unawares, or of taking sud- 
denly. See Expectation-Surprise. 
Wonder. Surprise caused by something new, strange, or unexpected, 

which at the time appears inexplicable. 
Wonderment. Surprise ; astonishment. 

Astonishment — Denotation. 

Note of admiration. 

Astonishment — Scientific Noun. 

Thaumaturgy. The art of performing something wonderful. 
Astonishment — Verbs. 

Admire. To look upon with regard and delight. 

Amaze. To confound with terror or wonder. 

Astonish. To confound with surprise ; affect the emotions strongly. 

Astound. To strike dumb with amazement. 

Baffle description. To foil or frustrate all attempts at description. 

Beggar description. To outdo or exhaust description. 

Be surprised, etc. To be taken unaware; to be struck with wonder. 
See Adjectives. 

Bewilder. To confuse or perplex; daze. 

Be wonderful. To be able to excite awe or high admiration. See 

Confound. To throw into consternation; perplex with terror or sur- 

Dazzle. To excite admiration by any showy quality. 

Dum1ounder.} Tostrikedumb; confound - confuse. 
Electrify. To excite suddenly; surprise with some brilliant effect. 
Fascinate. To influence the passions or affections in an uncontrol- 
lable manner. 

Expectance. Act or state of expecting. See Expectation. 

Expectance — Phrase. 
Nine days' wonder. Something that excites public wonder for a few 


Expectance — Verbs. 
Expect. To look fur; wait for. See Expectation. 
Make nothing of. To pay no attention to. 
Nil admirari [L.]. To be surprised at nothing. 
Not be surprised. To take things calmly. 
Not wonder. Not to be affected with surprise or admiration. 

See Astonishment. 

Expectance — Adjectives. 

Astonished at nothing. Immovable. 

Blast LF.]. Sated with pleasure; used up. See Entertainment- 

Common. Often met with; customary. 
Expected, etc. Looked for; anticipated. See Verbs. 
Expecting, etc. Looking forward to; waiting for. See Verbs. 
Foreseen. Seen or known beforehand. 
Ordinary. Customary; usual. See Habit. 
Unamazed. Not confounded or bewildered. 

Expectance — Interjections. 
No wonder I of course 1 

ASTONISHMENT— Verbs— Continued. 

Flabbergast. To astonish; strike with wonder. 

Gape. To open the mouth, as indicative of wonder, surprise, or the 

Gloar. To squint; stare. 

Hold one's breath. To be overcome with awe. 

Look blank, etc. To have a stupid bewildered appearance, arising 
from an unpleasant announcement. See Expectation-Disap- 

Look aghast. To appear stupefied with sudden fright. 

Make one's hair stand on end. To strike with horror; frighten. 

Make one stare. To compel one to gaze in wonderment. 

Make one's tongue cleave to the roof of one's mouth. To make 
speechless by frightening. 

Marvel. To wonder at or about. 

Not be able to account for, etc. To be perplexed. See Clearness- 

Not believe one's ears. ~i X t . ... _, . . _ , f « 

„ . , .. , Not credit certain strange, wonderful 

Not believe one s eyes. > . „ 

„ . . .. J phenomena. 

Not believe one s senses. ) 

Not know whether one stands on one's head or on one's heels. To be 

bewildered; be confounded. 

Open one's eyes. To look in amazement. 

Open one's mouth. To gape out of wonder or surprise. 

Petrify. To fix in dumb amazement. 




ASTONISHMENT— Verbs— Continued. 

Rub one's eyes. To be perplexed or confounded . 

Stagger. To shock; overcome, as with surprise. 

Stagger belief. To cause to doubt or hesitate. 

Stand aghast. To be struck with horror. 

Stand agog. To be excited with expectation. 

Stare. T agaze in wonder, surprise, horror, etc. 

Start. To make a sudden motion of the body, caused by any sudden 

feeling or emotion. 
Startle. To excite by sudden alarm or surprise. 
Strike. To impress strongly. 
Strike dumb. To greatly astonish ; confound. 

Strike with awe. To impress with great fear, dread, or reverence f< r. 
Strike with wonder. To be affected with surprise or slight astonL.i- 


Astonish vi: N'T 

Agape. Having the mouth wide open, as in wonder or expectati< n 
Aghast. Stupefied with sudden fright or horror. 
All agog. All eager. 

Awe-struck. Impressed 01 struck with solemn dread. 
Breathless. Out of breath; intense or eager. 
Inconceivable. That cannot be imagined; incomprehensible 
Incredible. Impossible to be believed. 
Indescribable. That cannot be described. 
Ineffable. Incapable of being expressed in words. 
Inexpressible. Unspeakable; unutterable. 
Inimaginable. Incapable of being imagined. 
Like a duck in thunder. Struck with consternation. 
Lost in amazement. "| 

Lost in astonishment. > Extremely amazed. 
Lost in wonder. J 

Marvelous. Exciting wonder or some degree of surprise. 
Miraculous. Manifesting power beyond the forces of nature; super- 
Monstrous. Out of the common course of nature. 
Moon-struck. Amazed or confounded. 
Mysterious, etc. Not revealed or explained. See Clearness-!") ; _ 


Open-mouthed. Gaping, as in wonder or surprise. 

Stun. To render helpless from astonishment. 

Stupefy. To dull the senses or faculties ; deaden. 

Surprise. To confuse by presenting something suddenly to the view 

of the mind. 
Take away one's breath. To startle; surprise suddenly. 
Take by surprise. To come upon unexpectedly. See Ex: 

Throw on one's beam ends. To greatly surprise; confound. 
Tombcr des nues [F.]. To fall from the clouds; surprise. 
Turn the head. To look for something to which attention is 

denly called. 
Turn up one's eyes. To be greatly astonished. 
Wonder. To be affected by surprise. 

— Adjectives. 

Overwhelming. Irresistible; over-powering. 

Passing strange. Exceedingly strange. 

Planet-struck. Confounded. 

Prodigious. Out of or above the ordinary ; excessive. 

Spell-bound. Arrested by a spell or charm. 

Stupendous. Overcoming by its vastness; amazing. 

Strange, etc. Causing surprise; exciting curiosity. See Conven- 
tion ality-Unconventionalit v. 

Striking, etc. Impressive; surprising. See V I 

Surprised, etc. Confounded; confused. See V\ 

Surprising, etc. Of a nature to excite wonder w astonishment. See 

Thunder-struck. Shocked by surprise. 

Unable to believe one's senses. Perplexed; dumfounded. 

Unexpected, etc. Coming without warning; taken by surprise. See 

Unheard of. Unparalleled; unprecedented. 

Unimaginable. See Inimaginable. 

Unspeakable. Beyond the power of speech. 

Unutterable. Too great for verbal expression; inexpressible. 

Wonderful. Having qualities that excite wonder or admiration. 

Wonder-working. Accomplishing wonders. 

Wondrous. Such as may excite surprise and astonishment. 

Astonishment — Adverbs. 

Fearfully. In a manner to impress fear or awe. 

For a wonder. 

In the name of wonder. 

Mirabile dictu [L.]. Wonderful to tell. 

Mirabile visu [L.]. Wonderful to be seen. 

Strange to say. Wonderful to relate. 
To one's great surprise. Very unexpectedly. 

With gaping mouth; with open eyes; with upturned eyes; with won- 
der, etc. See Nouns. In a surprised or astonished manner. 

Astonishment — Interjections. 

Adzooksl bless ray heart! bless us I can such things be! dear me! 
gad so! God bless me! good gracious! good heavens! good lack! 
goodness gracious! gracious goodness! halloo! Heaven bless the 
mark! Heaven save the mark! Heavens and earth I hem! hey 
day! hoity-toity! how now? humph! indeed! lack-a-daisy! lo. 

and behold 1 mercy on us I my goodness! my stars! Oh! odzookensl 
O gemini [L.]I only think! really! 'sdeath! strong! surely! well 
a day! what? what do you say to that? what in the world? what 
on earth? where am I? who would have thought it? etc. (see 
Expectation-Surprise); you don't say so? zounds I 

Aston i s i : ment — Phrases . 

Nous verrons [F.]. We shall see. 

One's hair standing on end. Fright, fear, horror. 

Vox jaucibus Jutsit [L.]. 

The voice stuck in the throat; speech- 

a-stound'. To stun with wonder. Astonishment- 
Expectance, Excitation, Sanguineness-Timidity. 

aslra, sic itur ad [L.] (as'-tra, sic ai'-tur ad). Thus 
the journey to the stars. Life-Death, Reputa- 

a-strad'-dle. Astride. Suspension-Support. 

As-tra?'-a. Goddess of justice. Right-Wrong. 

as'-tra-gal. A molding in the form of a strine of beads. 
Architecture, Embellishment-Disfigurement. 

as'-tral. Starry. Universe; astral influence, Voli- 

a-stray'. Away from the right path. Certainty- 
Doubt, Truth-Error; go astray, Aim-Aberration, 

as-tric'-tion. Act of binding close together. Union- 

a-stride'. With one leg on each side. Suspensi ox- 

as-trin'-gen-cy. Binding together. Enlargemen it- 

as-trin'-gent. Having power to contract or draw 
together, as an acid. Enlargement-Diminution. 

as'-tro-labe. An instrument for obtaining the altitudes 
of stars. Mensuration. 

as-trol'-o-gy. Star-divination. Prophecy. 

as-tron'-o-mer. An observer of the stars. Uni- 

as-tron'-o-my. Science of the heavenly bodies. As 
trunomy, Nature-Art, Universe. 


Astronomy. The science that treats of the heavenly bodies, their 
motions, magnitudes, distances, and physical constitutions. 

Astronomy — Associated Nouns. 

Aerolite. A mass falling on the earth from celestial space. 

Albedo. The ratio which the light reflected from an unpolished sur 

face bears to the total light falling upon that surface. 
Almucantar. A small circle of the celestial sphere drawn par,; I to 

the horizon. 




Anomaly. The angular distance of a planet from its perihelion as 
een from the sun; the angle measuring apparent irrei 

the motion ol a plai 
Apex. Thai point ol the heavens towards which the earth is movinc 

in its " 
Aphelion. The point in an orbit, as ol .. plani t, farthest from the sun 

Apogee. That point in the n n's orbil farthe .t from the earth. 

Apsides. Points of eccentric orbits nearesl tool farthest ,.ray from 

the center of attraction. 
Aquarius. The eleventh ign of the zodiac ; the Water-bearer 
Ariel. A satellite of Uranus. 
Aries. The first of the twelve si ms ol the zodiac, which the sun 

entersatthe vernal equinox. A constellation west of Taurus. 
Armillary sphere. An ancient astronomical ma , | i 

represent the positions of the important circles of the celestial 


Asteroids. A group of small plam I i between Mars and rupiter of 

which about 340 have been discovered. 
Azimuth. The arc of the horizon that a vertical plane passing 
through a heavenly body makes with the meridian of the place of 
Binary star. A double star whose members have a revolution round 

their common ccntei ..I gravity. 
Bode's law. An empirical formula supposed to n;.[. approxi- 
mately the distam e I of the planets from the sun in terms of the 
distance from the sun of the innermost two. 
Calendar. A system of fixing the order, length and subdivisions of 

years and months so as to define the dates oi event,, an almanac. 
Cancer. The fourth sign of the zodiac which the sun enters at the 

summer solstice. 
Capricornus. The tenth sign of the zodiac which the sun enters at 

the winter solstice. 
Celestial latitude. Angular distance of a heavenly body from the 

Celestial longitude. The distance in degrees, reckoned from the 
vernal equinox, on the e, liptic, to a circle at right angles to the 
ecliptic passing through the heavenly body whose longitude is 
de agnate, I 
Chromosphere. A layer of incandescent red gas surrounding the 

sun and resting on its luminous envelope. 
Collimation. The act of adjusting the line of sight, as of a tell 
Comet. A heavenly body, consisting of a coma surrounding a star 

like nucleus, with a nebulous train. 
Constellation. An arbitrary assemblage or group of stars, or the 

portion of the heavens occupied by such a group. 
Corona. ^ A luminous circle around one of the heavenly bodies. 
Declination. Angular distance from the celestial equator. 
Deimos. A satellite of Mars. 

Earth. The globe on which we dwell, considered as a whole. 
Eclipse. The obscuration of a heavenly body by its entering the 
shadow of another body, as when the moon enters the shadow of 
the earth, or by the intervention of another heavenly 
Ecliptic. The apparent path of the sun around the celestial sphere. 
Elongation. The angular distance of a planet from the sun. 
Epicycle. In ancient astronomy, a circle whose center was con- 
ceived to move around the earth in a larger circle called the defer- 
ent, while a planet moved around its circumference. 
Faculffi. Groups of small shining spots on the surface of the sun. 
Galaxy. The milky way. 
Gemination. Doubling of a star. 

Gibbous phase. Phase of the moon between half-moon and full-moon. 
Helium. A chemical element first believed to exist in the sun be- 
cause of certain lines in the solar spectrum, now found existing on 
the earth. 
Hour-angle. The angle at the pole between the hour-circle of a 

given body and the celestial meridian. 
Hour-circle. A great circle of the celestial sphere which passes 

through the poles. 
Hyperion. A satellite of Saturn. 
Iapetus. The remotest satellite of Saturn. 

Julian calendar. The calendar adjusted by Julius Ca?sar, in which 
ear was made to consist of 365 days, each fourth year having 
366 days. 
Jupiter. Largest planet of the solar system 
Leo. A northern constellation east of Cancer; the Lion, the fifth 

sign of the zodiac. 
Libra. The Balance; the seventh sign of the zodiac which the sun 

enters at the autumnal equinox in September. 
Libration. A real or apparent libratory motion, like that of a bal- 
ance before coming to rest. 
Limb. The border or edge of the disk of a heavenly body, especially 

of the sun and moon. 
M irs. A planet conspicuous for its red light. 
Mercury. A planet that is nearest the sun. 

Meteorite. A mass of stone or iron that has fallen up. 

from space. 
Micrometer. An instrument for mi ry small an. 

n ions. 
Milky way. A luminous band encircling the heavens composed of 

distant stars and nebula? . 
Moon. A celestia es around the earth once in a 

little less than 27 days .S hours, and accompanies it 1 
lutions around the sun; a satellite of any planet. 
Mural circle. A graduated circle, in the pianc of the meridian, 
■'" ■' utly to a perpendicular wall; used for measuring 

il 1 he meridian. 
Nebula. Any luminous cli lud-like object in the sky, as a distant star- 
Neptune. The most remote planet of the solar system, distant from 

the sun about 2,760,000,000 miles. 
Occultation. The hiding of a heavenly body from sight by the inter- 
vention of some other of the heavenly bodies. 
Opposition. Aspect of heave, 1 ' n 180 apart. 

Orbit. The path in space along which a heavenly body moves about 

its center of attra 
Orrery. A philosophical apparatus for exhibiting the r 

motionsa- lar system. 

Parallax. Such din si tion, as of a star, as would appear 

if the object were viewed from two points, as from the earth's 
center and from a point of observation on its surface. 
Perigee. Point in the orbit of the moon nearest the earth. 
PeriheUon. Point in the orbit of a pla: . t 1 earest the sun. 
Perturbation. A disturbance in the regular elliptic or other motion 
ol a heavenly body, produced by some force additional to that 
which causes its regular motion. 
Phases. The appearances or forms presented periodically by the 

n n and planets. 

Pisces. The twelfth sign of the zodiac; a constellation. 
Planets. Celestial bodies that revolve around the sun. 
Precession of the equinoxes. The slow backward motion of the 

equinoctial points along the ecliptic, at the rate of 50.1" annually. 
Prime vertical. The vertii al 1 in le of lie- celestial sphi 

perpendicular to the celestial meridian. 
Principal constellations. Orion, Cassieopea. Great Bear. Pleides. 

Leo. Southern Cross. 
Pyrheliometer. An instrument for measuring the direct heating 

effect of the sun's rays. 
Right ascension. Angle made at the celestial pole between the hour 

circle of a given star and the hour circle of the vernal equinox. 
Sagittarius. The ninth of the twelve signs of the zodiac; a zodiacal 

Satellite. A secondary planet which revolves about another planet. 
Saturn. One of the planets of t!s . m. next in magnitude to 

Jupiter, nearly 8S0. 000,000 miles from the sun. 
Scorpion. A sign and constellation. 

Shooting stars. Star-like, luminous meteors that, appearing sud- 
denly, ickly across some portion of the sky and then as sud- 
denly disappear. 
Solar prominences. Certain rose-colored masses on the limb of the 
sun which are seen to extend beyond the edge of the moon at the 
time of a solar eclipse. 
Solar system. Group of celestial bodies, i eluding the planets, that 

is Vi live round the sun. 
Solstice. The point in the ecliptic at which the sun is farthest from 
the equator, north or south, namely, the first point of the sign 
Cancer and the first point of the sign Capricorn, the former being 
the summer solstice, the latter the winter solstice in northern lati- 
tudes; — so called because the sun apparently stands still in its 
northward or southward motion. 
Spectroscope. An optical instrument for forming and analyzing the 

spectra of the rays emitted by bodies or substances. 
Spring equinox. Time when the sun crosses the equator moving 

northward. The southward crossing is the autumnal equinox. 
Star. A celestial body so distant as to appear like a luminous point: 
in common usage including the planets, but in astronomy limited 
to the fixed stars. 
Sun. The luminous orb the light of which constitutes day. and its 

absence night. 
Syzygy. The point of an orbit, as of the moon, at which it is in con- 
junction or opposition. 
Taurus. The Bull : the second in order of the twelve signs of the 
zodiac. A zodiacal constellation, containing the clusters called 
the Pleiades and the Hyades. 
Telescope. An optical instrument used in viewing distant objects. 
Uranus. One of the primary planets, 36.000 miles in diameter 
Venus. A planet nearly the size of the earth, also called morning 
and evening star. 




Terminator. The dividing line between the illuminated and the un- 

illuminated part of the moon. 
Tide. The alternate rising and falling of the waters of the ocean, and 

of rivers, bays, etc., connected therewith. 
Transit. The passage of a heavenly body over the meridian of a 

place or through the field of a telescope ; the passage of a smaller 

body across the disk of the larger. 
Uranolite. A meteorite or aerolite. 
Ursa Major. A conspicuous constellation near the north pole. It 

contains the stars which form the Dipper or Charles's Wain. 
Variable stars. Fixed stars which vary in their brightness, usually in 

more or less uniform periods. 
Venus. One of the planets, the second in order from the sun, its 

orbit lying between that of Mercury and that of the earth. 
Vernal equinox. The point where the sun crosses the equator going 

Vulcan. A planet, supposed by Leverrier to exist between Mercury 

and the sun, to account for certain unexplained perturbations of 

Winter. The season of the year in which the sun shines most 
• obliquely upon any region. 

Zenith. The point in the celestial sphere directly overhead. 
Zodiac. An imaginary belt in the heavens, i6° to i8° broad, in the 

middle of which is the ecliptic, or sun's path. 

Astronomy — Adjectives. 

Anomalistic. Pertaining to the anomaly or angular distance of a 

planet from its perihelion. 
Circumpolar. About the pole. 
Geocentric. Relating to the earth as a center. 
Orbital. Belonging or pertaining to an orbit. 
Planetary. Pertaining to the planets. 
Sidereal. Measured by the apparent motion of the stars. 
Solar. Pertaining to the sun. 
Telescopic. Pertaining to a telescope ; small. 
Tidal. Pertaining to tides. 
Zodiacal. Pertaining to the zodiac. 

as-tute'. Shrewd. Craft-Artlessness, Sagacity- 

a-sun'-der. Apart. Remoteness-Nearness, Union- 
Disunion; asunder as poles, Laterality-Contra- 


a-sy'-lum. A place of refuge. Attack-Defense, 

as'-ym-ptote. A line tangent to a curve at infinity. 

as"-ym-ptot'-ic-al. Pertaining to an asymptote. Con- 

at. In the place; near; in pursuit of. At one, 

Atonement, Divinity, Recompense - Punition; 
be at, Purpose-Luck; up and at them, Attack-De- 

at'-a-ghan. A weapon of war. Weapon. 

a"-te-lier'. A workshop; a studio. Painting, Work- 

ath"-a-na'-si-a. Immortality. Eternity-Instanta- 

Ath"-a-na'-sian Creed. A creed of the Early Church. 

ath'-a-nor. An alchemist's furnace. Oven-Refriger- 

a'-the-ism. Denial of the existence of God. Godli- 
ness-Disbelief, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

a'-the-ist. A holder of atheism. Godliness-Dis- 

a"-the-is'-tic-al. Relating to atheism. Godliness- 

ath'-el-ing. A young noble. Gentility-Democracy. 

A-the'-ni-an. Marked by culture. Purity-Crude- 


a-thirst'. Thirsty. Desire-Distaste. 

ath'-lete. One trained in physical exercise. Bellig- 
erent, Strength-Weakness. 

ath-let'-ic Strong; pertaining to sports. Strength- 
Weakness; athletic sports, Entertainment-Weari- 
ness, Strife-Peace. 

ath-let'-i-cism. State of being athletic. Strength- 

ath-let'-ics. Athletic exercises collectively. Strength- 

a-thwart'. Across the course of; against. Antago- 
nism-Concurrence, Crossing, Parallelism-Incli- 

At"-lan-te'-an. Pertaining to Atlas. Strength- 

at-lan'-tes. Male human figures used as columns. 

At-lan'-tis. A mythical island. Fancy. 

At'-las. A mythological giant; a volume of maps. 
Delineation-Caricature, Strength-Weakness, 

at'-mos-phere. The air. Chemistry, Environment- 
Interposition, Water-Air. 

at"-mos-pher'-ic. Pertaining to the air or like the air. 
Blueness-Orange; atmospheric blue, Blueness- 

a-toll'. A ring-shaped coral island. Swamp-Island. 

at'-om. A small particle. Chemistry, Extension- 
Inextension, Greatness-Littleness, Magnitude- 

a-tom'-ic. Relating to atoms. Greatness-Little- 

at'-oms. Small particles. Crush to atoms, Creation- 

at-one'-ment. Satisfaction for wrong. Atonement, 
Divinity, Recompense-Punition, Taking-Resti- 


Amends. A satisfaction for crimes, a compensation. 

Amende honcrable [F.]. A full apology. 

Apology. An excuse for an act, a justification. 

Atonement. Something done by way of reparation for sin or an 

Burnt offering. An offering burnt on an altar as an expiation for sin. 
Compensation. Payment for something. See Compensation. 
Composition. A settlement of a debt, etc. 

Compromise. An arrangement by which a debt, etc., is settled. 
Conciliation. Act of gaining over, of winning. 
Expiation. Act of making satisfaction by suffering. 
Fasting. Abstinence from meat on religious grounds. 
Flagellation. Whipping of oneself in expiation of sins or injuries 

Lustration. The act of purifying. 
Maceration. A making lean by fasting. 
Peace offering. Same as burnt offering. 
Penance. Voluntary pain as an act of atonement. 
Propitiation. Act of conciliating or appeasing. 
Purgation. Act of cleansing, of vindicating. 
Quittance. Release from a debt or obligation. 
Quits. Discharge from an obligation. 

Reclamation. Restoration to former state or better condition. 
Redemption. Act of delivering. 
Reparation. The making amends; reimbursement. 
Sackcloth and ashes. A Jewish custom of expressing sorrow for sin; 

a self-abasement. 
Sacrifice. The act of offering to the Deity as an atonement. 
Shrift. Confession and absolution. 

Satisfaction. The act of making amends or atonement. 
Sin offering. An offering as atonement for sin. 
White sheet. See Verbs. 

Atonement — Associated Nouns. 

Purgatory. A place where sinful souls are absolved from their sins 

by suffering. 
Scapegoat. A person who bears the blame for others. 

Atonement — Verbs. 

Absolve. To free from the penalty of sin. 

Apologize. To ask pardon for ; to make verbal amends. 

one. I .j. mal<e amcn d s or make reparation. 

Atone for. > 

Beg pardon. To request earnestly a pardon 
Come down on one's knees. To bend in respect. 
Do penance. To undergo suffering on account of sin. 




Expiate. To atone for by suffering 

Fall down on one*s knees. 

Fall down on one's marrow bones. 

Faire V amende honorable [F.]. To make full satisfaction. 

Give satisfaction. 

Make amends. Make satisfaction. 

Make good. To indemnify. 

Make matters up. To be reconciled. 

Pay the forfeit. | T fine or penaUy f or an offense. 

Pay the penalty.) ^ 

Propitiate. To conciliate, to win over. 

Purge. To cleanse. 

Ransom. To redeem by payment of money. 

Reclaim. To make better or put back in former si 

Redeem. To recover, to deliver as from sin. 

Repair. To make amends, to restore. 

Repent in sackcloth and ashes. To repent earnestly. 

Set one's house in order. Make preparation for the I u1 ure. 

Shrive. To receive absolution froi a prie t. 

Stand in a white sheet. To indicate repentance. 

Atonement — A djectives. 
Absolvable. Capable of being freed from the penalty of guilt. 
Expiatory. Having character of an expiation 
Piacular. At ining. 
Piaculous. See Piacular. 
Propitiatory. Pertaining to propitiate m, 
Sacrificial. Of a sacrifice, pertaining to a sacrifice. 
Sacrificiatory. Offering sacrifice. 

Crux, fidei coticula [L.]. The cross is the touchstone of faith. 

at'-o-ny. Want of tone; want of power. Strength- 

at"-ra-bil'-ious. Melancholy. Lightheartedness- 

at"-ra-men'-tous. Of the nature of ink. Whiteness- 

a'-tri-um. A court or hall. Dweller-Habitation. 

a-tro'-cious. Extremely heinous. VlRTUE-V 

a-troc'-i-ty. Cruelty; wickedness. Charitableness- 
Malevolence, Innocence-Guilt, Virtue-Vice. 

at'-ro-phy. To cause to waste away. Betterment- 
Deterioration, Biology, Enlargement-Diminu- 
tion, Health-Sickness. 

at-tach'. To connect; to hold for court. Litigation, 
Love-Hate, Union-Disunion ; attach importance to, 
Consequence-Insigni PI I ANCE. 

at"-ta-che'. One attached to the suite of another; a 
diplomatic officer. Cm ef- Underling, Consignee. 

at-tached'. Added. Love-Hate. 

at-tach'-ment. Adherence. Union-Disunion. 

at-tack'. To make an onset against; to affect. At- 
tack-Defense, Health-Sickness. 


Aggression. The first act of injury, or first ac1 leading to a war. 

Aggressor. One whi ■ begins a quarrel or hostility. 

Assailant. One who injures or makes 

Assault. A violent attempt with force or violen hurt to 

Assault and battery. The crime of violently attai kin ■ and I ■< 

Attack. The act of falling upon with force or violi 
Battstaria. An ancient weapon. 
Base of operations. A point for which supplies are drawn for an 

attacking army. 
Battue [F.]. Killing of game driven to the sportsman; wanton 

Billy. A policeman's club. 

Boarding. The act of entering a ship by : ■ oml it 

Bombardment. An attack upon a fortified place I shells. 

Broadside. A discharge of all the guns on one bide of a ship at the 

same time. 
Camisade [F.]. A night attack. 

Cannonade. An attack with large guns, la I time. 

Carte and tierce. Positions in fencing. 
Charge. The act of rushing suddenly upon an enemy. 
Coup de bee [P.]. A quick, sharp blow, as with a beak. 
Coup de main [F.]. A sudden and unexpe* ' ' ! attack 

Cross fire. Lines of fire from two or more points ci h other. 

Cut. A wound made with a weapon like a sword. 
Dead set at. A determined and continuing attack. 
Devastation. A laying waste. 

Dragonnade [F.]. A rapid and devastating incursion. 
Eboulement [F.]. Crumbling of a fortress wall. 
Echelon. Arrangement of troops in liki formation 

Escalade. An attack upon a fortified place, in which ladders are 

used to pass a ditch or mount a rampart 
Estrapadc [P.]. The action of a horse, when, to get rid of his rider, 

he rears, p unges, and kicks furiously. 
Feu tFenfer [F.J. A hellish fire. 

File fire. The firing of each file independently of others. 
Fire. Discharge of firearms. 

Foray. A sudden or irregular incursion in border warfare. 
Fusillade [F.]. A simultaneous discharge of firearms. 
Home thrust. A well directed or effective thrust. 
Incursion. A hostile entrance into a territ. iry, 

Inroad. The entrance of an enemy into a country with a hostile pur- 
Invader. One who enters with a view to conquest or plunder. 
Invasion. A warlike entrance into the domains of another. 
Investment. The act of surrounding or blocking up a town by an 

armed force. 
Irruption. A sudden violent rushing into a place. 
Jacquerie [F.]. A revolt of peasants; so called from the revolt of 

French peasants against the nobles in i 35s. 
Kick. A blow with the foot. 

Coverture. Concealment. 

Defense. Protection from violence or danger. 

Guard. Security against injury oral' 

Guardianship. The< ardian; prote< 

Preservation. The act "1" keeping from destruction or injury- See 


Propugnation. The act of contending or fighting for. 

Protection. Thead ofshieldii . injury, or annoyance. 

Rain proof. Protected from rain. 

Resistance. 1 force against force. See sub Resistance. 

Self-defense. The a proti eting one's own person, property, or 

reputa I 
Self-preservation. Defense of oneself from destruction or injury*. 
Shielding. To cover from danger. & Vet 
Ward . State of being under guardianship. 

Defense — Means of 

i} A 

means of defense formed by felled trees, the ends of 
whose branches are sharpened and directed toward the 



Abbatis. ) enemy, 

Abutment. A part of a wall or fortification which projects beyond 

any other part. 
Advanced work. A fortification built beyond the usual military lines. 
JEgis. The shield of Minerva; a shield or protective armor. 
Apron. An article * keep the clothes clean, to defend them 

from injury. 
Armor. A covering worn to protect one's person in battle. 
Asylum. A ; tion. 

Bank. A ridge or mound -like formation used as a fortification. 

\ raised way running along- the inside of a parapet, 

on which soldiers stand when firing. 

Barbacan. A tower or a ^ V anced work defending a castle or a city. 

Barbican. ) 

Barracoon. An enclosure where slaves or prisoners are quartered- 

Barricade. A hasty fortification made of anything that will obstruct 
the eni 

Barrier. A wooden work - r si ckade, made in a narrow way. 

Bastion. A work projecting from the main enclosure of a fortifica- 

Battlement. The solid upright part of a parapet in ancient fortifica- 

Bearskin. A cap made of bearskin, especially worn by soldiers. 

Boom. A chain cable, or line of spars, extended across a river to 
obstruct navigation. 

Breastplate. A plate of metal covering the breast, as defensive armor. 

Breastwork. A defensive work of moderate height, hastily thrown 

Buckler. A shield worn on one arm. 

Buffer. A pad or cushion at the end of a fender which receives the 

Bulwark. Any means of defense or protection. 

Buttress. A structure built against a wall to strengthen it. 




ATTACK— DEFENSE— Continued. 

Lunge. A sudden thrust or pass, as with a sword. 

Obsession. The act of besieging. 

Offense. An assault or attack. 

Onset. A rushing or setting upon. 

Onslaught. A furious or murderous attack. 

Outbreak. A rising in arms. 

Pass. A movement in fencing. 

Passado [Sp ]. A thrust, as with a sword. 

Platoon fire. Discharge of the arms of half a company of soldiers, at 
the same time. 

Point of attack. The place against which the strength of an attack- 
ing force is directed. 

Punch. A blow with the fist. 

Raid. A sudden or rapid invasion by a cavalry force. 

Raking fire. So •: ring with shot or shell in the direction of the 

Razzia [F.]. A plundering and destructive incursion. 

Ruade [P.]. A kick. 

Run against. | A 

Run at. > 

Sally. A rush of troops from a besieged place to attack the be- 

Sharp shooting. A shooting with great precision and effect. 

Siege. The sitting of an army around a fortified place to compel the 
garrison to surrender. 

Sortie [F.]. The sudden issuing of troops from a besieged place to 
attack the besiegers. 

Storm. { An attempt to take a fortified place by scaling the walls, 

Storming. > forcing the gates, etc. 

Thrust. A stab, or sword wound. 

Volley. The simultaneous discharge of a number of small arms 

Volley of grape. Discharge of cannon shot. 

Attack — Verbs. 

Assail. To attack with violence or in a hostile manner. 
Assault. To make an attack upon by a sudden rush of armed men. 
Attack. To fall upon with force. 
Bait. To provoke or worry. 
Bayonet. To stab. 

Beleaguer. To surround with an army so as to cut off escape. 
Beset. To attack on all sides. 
Besiege. To surround with armed forces. 
Board. To enter a ship by force in battle. 
Bombard. To attack with heavy artillery. 
Butt. To strike against with the head. 
Charge. To rush upon. 
Harry. To strip or lay waste. 
Impugn. To attack by words or arguments. 
Invade. To enter with a view to conquest or plunder. 
Invest. To hem in with troops. 
Kick. To strike a blow with the foot. 
Lapidate. To stone. 

Mine. To dig a passage under anything to overthrow it by ex- 
Pelt. To throw missiles. 
Pepper. To shower shot or blows upon. 
Sap. To advance by secretly undermining. 
Shell. To bombard. 
Stone. To beat or kill with stones. 
Storm. To attack by scaling walls, ramparts, etc. 
Strike. To hit with some force. See Impetus. 
Whip. To defeat in battle; see sub Punish. 

Attack — Verbal Expressions. 

Advance against; aim a blow at; assume the offensive; attack tooth 
and nail; bear down upon; become the aggressor; be down upon; 
be hard upon; be the aggressor; break a lance with; bring to bay; 
close with; come on; come to close quarters; cut and thrust; dash 
at; deal a blow at; draw the sword; drive one hard; enter the 
lists; fall foul of; fall upon; fetch one a blow; fetch one a kick; 
fire a red-hot shot; fire a shot at; fire at; fire upon; fire a volley; 
fly at; give one a blow; give one a kick; have a cut at; have a 
fling at; have a shot at; have a shy at; have at; hurl against; 
hurl at; hurl at the head of; launch out against; lay about one; 
lay siege to; let fly at; let off a gun at; let out at; level at; lift a 
hand against; make a dash at; make a pass at; make a rush at; 
make a set at; make a thrust at; march against; march upon; 
open fire; open the trenches; pitch into; plant a battery; poke at; 
pop at; pounce upon; pour a broadside into; press one hard; ride 
full tilt against; run amuck; run at; run a tilt at; run down; 
scale the walls; set upon; shoot at; show fight; slap in the face; 

A small fortification or outwork. 

DEFENSE — Means of Defense — Continued. 

Capitol. A government house. 

Carapace. The thick shell which covers the back of the turtle, etc. 

Casemate. A bomb-proof enclosure. 

Casque. A piece of armor for the head and neck. 

Castle. A fortified residence. 

Cavin. A natural hollow forming a means of defense. 

Chevattx de jrise [F.]. A piece of timber covered with iron-pointed 
spikes or spears, used to impede the advance of cavalry. 

Circumvallation. A line of field works around a besieged place or 
the besieging army, to protect the besiegers from an attack with- 
out, or complete the blockade. 

Citadel. A fortress commanding a city and its fortifications. 

Coat of mail. A defensive garment of chain mail. 

Contravallation. Field works built by besiegers to secure themselves 
and check sallies of the enemy. 

Corner stone. A stone which lies at the corner of two walls and 
unites them. 

Counterscarp. The exterior wall or slope of a ditch. 

Csako [Hung.]. A military cap. 

Cuirass. A piece of defensive armor covering the body from the 
neck to the girdle. 

Curtain. That part of a fortification which is between two bastions 
or two gates. 

Dead wall. A wall unbroken by windows or other openings. 

Dike. An embankment for protection against overflowing water. 

Ditch. A trench to prevent approach to a town or fortress. 

Donjon. The chief tower of ancient fortifications. 

Dyke. See Dike. 

Earthwork. Any construction of earth for attack or defense. 

Embankment. A structure of earth to prevent water from over- 

Escarp. The side of a ditch next the parapet. 

Fastness. A secure retreat. 

Fence. An enclosing structure intended to prevent intrusion. 

Fender. Any shield or screen which protects, as from fire, shock, etc. 

Field work. A temporary fortification thrown up by an army in the 

Fort. A strong or fortified place. 

Fortalice. ' 

Fortelage. i 

Fortification. A work built to defend a place against attack. 

Fortress. A large and permanent fortification. 

Fosse. A ditch or moat. 

Gauntlet. A glove to defend the hand from wounds. 

Glacis. That slope of way which inclines from the covered way to 
the open country. 

Habergeon. A short coat of mail. 

Haha. A fence, wall, or ditch not visible until one is close upon it. 

Hauberk. A long coat of mail. 

Helmet. A defensive covering for the head. 

Hold. A fortified place. 

Horn work. An outwork composed of two half bastions joined by a 
curtain and wings. 

Intrenchment. Any defensive work consisting of at least a trench or 
ditch and a parapet. 

Keep. The strongest part of a castle or fortification. 

Lines. Dispositions made to cover extended positions, and present- 
ing a front in but one direction to an enemy. 

Loophole. An opening in walls or ship sides through which small 
arms may be discharged. 

Lorication. A covering of scales or plates. 

Machicolation. An opening in the floor for shooting or dropping 
missiles upon an enemy. 

Mail. A flexible fabric made of metal rings, used for defensive armor. 

Mantelet. A shield. 

Mantlet. A musket-proof shield of rope, wood, or metal. 

Martello tower. A stone building usually erected on the seacoast 
with a gun on the summit, to be fired in any dine tit n. 

Mask. A screen for a battery. 

Moat. A dee]) trench around a fortified place, sometimes filled with 

Mole. A wall to protect a harbor from the violence of the waves. 

Mound. An artificial hill or elevation of earth used as a fortification. 

Muniment. A place or means i ii di ■< 

Munition. Whatever materials are used in war for offense or defense. 

Out work. A minor defense constructed beyond the main body of a 

Pah. A kind of stockaded intrenchi 

Paling. A fence formed with i lets, See Enclosure. 

Palisade. A fence made of sharp stakes. 

Panoply. A full set of armor. 




ATTACK— DEFENSE— Com , n uea 
ATTACK — Verbal Expressions — Continue J. 
spring a mine; strike at; strike at the root of; strike home; s 

the first blow; take the offensive; take up the cudgels; throw a stone • 
throw stones at; throw the first stone; thrust at; tilt at. 

Attack — Adject:. 
Aggressive. Disposed to attack unjustly. 
Attacking, etc. See Verbs. 
Obsidional. Pertaining toa siege. 
Offensive. Making the first attack. 
Up in arms. In a state of hostility. 

On the offensive. 
"Up and at them I 

Garde royalc [F.]. 

Attack — Adverbial Phi 

Tending to make the first , 

Attack — Interjection. 

Royal guard. 


DEFENSE— Verbs— Continued from Column ;. 
Propugn. To contend in another's behalf. 
Repel. To resist or oppose effectually. 
Screen. To protect by hiding. 
Shield. To cover from danger. 
Shxoud. To protect completely. 

Defense— Verba! Expressions. 

Act on the defensive; bear harmless; bear the brunt; beat off- 
back upon; '•»«»'. ■«»..— a i ~_ /-«-_ 


fence around (see Circumscription); g 
reception to; guard against; hold at bay; hold one's own- keep at 
arms length; keep at bay; keep off; maintain one's ground- put 
to flight; show fight; stand by; stand in the gap; stand one's 
ground; stand on the defensive; stand the brunt; take care of (see 
Carefulness); ward off. 

Defense — . Idjectivt 
Armed. Furnished with weapons. 
Armed at all points. Completely armed. 
Armed cap-a-pie. Armed from head to foot. 
Ball-proof. Invulnerable by balls. 
Casemated. Furnished with a bomb-proof coveri 
Castellated. Built in thestyleofs castle. 
Defended,, te. See Wrbs. 
Defending, etc. See Verbs. 
Defensive. Serving to protect or defend. 
Iron-clad. Protected or covered with iron. 
Iron-plated. Covered with iron. 
Loopholed. Provided with loopholes 
Machicolated. Having holes through the 

Mural. Resembling a wall 
Panoplied. Dressed in complete armor. 
Proof against. Abletoi 
To the teeth. In open opposition. 

for disi : 

Obliged to face an enemy, 

I 1 ■ 


At bay. 

Defensively. Resisting attack. 
In defense. In behalf of. 
On the defense. i Q . , 

On the defensive.; KesIstln S, in opposition to attacking 
Pro oris et focis [L.]. For our altars and firesides. 

No surrender! 

D b f b ns e — Interjection . 
Defense — Phrases. 

Defense, not defiance. 

Diet, defend le droit [P.], God defend the right. 

Fidei defensor [L.]. Defender of the faith. 

at-tack'-ing. Assailing. Attack-Defense. 

at'-ta-ghan. A Turkish sword. Weapon. 

at-tain'. Arrive at; to pain. Arrival-Departure, 
Success-Failure: attain majority, Manhood. 

at-tain'-a-ble. Practicable. Possibility-Impossi- 

at-tain'-der. The extinction of all civil rights for a 
capital offense. Faultlessness-Faultiness. 

DEFENSE — Means op Defense — Continued. 
Parapet. A wall or elevation of earth for covering soldiers from an 

enemy's fire. 
Peelhouse. .\ ■ all 1 ■<-r, fort, or castle. 

the [Ger.]. A headpiece or helmet. 
Rampart. A bri iad embankment of earth, upon which a parapet is 

rai < 
Rath. A hill or mound 
Ravelin. A detached fortification with two embankments which 

Licnt angle. 
Redan. A work having two parapets whose faces unite so as to form 

a salient angle toward the enemy. 
Redoubt. A snail, roughly constructed fort, used in fortifying tops 

and passes. 
Safeguard. A convoy or guard to protect a traveler or property. 

ub Safety. 
Sally port. An underground passage connecting the inner and outer 

works of a fortification. 
Scarp. The slope of a ditch nearest 1 1 
Sconce. A fortification or work of deft 
Screen. Anything that protects from danger or injury. 
Shako. A military iap. 

Shield. A broad piece of defensive armor carried on the arm. 
Shore. A prop placed as a brace or support against the side of a 

building or other structure. See sub Support. 
Stoccado [It.]. A 
Stockade. A line of stout timbers with loopholes, to form a defensive 

Stronghold. A | urity. 

Sunk fence. A ditch or fence sunk in the ground to impede the ad- 
vance of troops. 
Thimble. A cover for the end of the finger for protection in a 
Tower. A projection from a line of wall, and higher than the rust of 

the wall. 
Tower of strength. A stronghold or fortificat [■ in . 
Truncheon. A military staff of command. See Weapon. 
Vallum [L.]. A wall. 
Vambrace. Armor for the forearm . 
Vanfoss. A ditch around part of a fort. 

Vinea. A shed used by the Romans to defend them in besieging. 
Wall. A work for defense. 
Wooden walls. The old ships of war 

Defense — Xouns of Agent. 
Body guard. A guard to protect or defend the person. 
Champion. One who contended in single combat in behalf of an- 

other's rights and honor. 
Defender. One who shields or protects from danger or injur-. 
Garrison. A body of troi ips stationed in a fort or fortified town. 
Guardian. One to whom any person or thing is committed for pro- 

■. ation. See oECURlTV. 
Knight-errint. A knight who -raveled in search of adventures, and 

defended the weal less. 

Paladin. A distinguished knight. 
Picket. A detached body of troops serving to guard an army against 

Piquet. See Picket. 
Protector. One who defends or shields from injury or oppression. 

Defense — Verbs. 
Defend. To repel danger or harm fr 
Engarrison. To protect by a garrison. 
Fence. Ti • guard oneself against attack. 
Fend. To act on the defensive, or in opposil 
Forfend. I the approach 

Guard. I.n. t surprise, attack, or injury. See Securitt 

Hinder.^ To oppose obstacles or impediments. See Obstruction. 
Hold. To retam pi issession of, or authority over. 
Intrench. To surround with foi 
Parry. To turn a blow aside. 

{.Continued on Column i .) 

at-tain'-ment. Accomplishment. Education-Learn- 
ing, Knowledge-Icnorance, Skill-Unskilful- 

at'-tar. Oil of roses. Perfume-Stench. 

at-tem'-per. To soothe; to moderate by mixture. 
Mixture-Homogeneity, Turbulence-Calmness. 

at-tem'-pered. Made less harsh. Affections. 

at-tempt'. A trial or effort. Venture; attempt im- 




possibilities, Possibility-Impossibility; vain at- 
tempt, Success-Failure. 

at-tend'. To be with; to take care of; to give heed; to 
serve. Chief-Underling, Heed-Disregard, Lead- 
ing-Following, Obstruction-Help, Presence- 

at-tend '-ance. A retinue, act of attending. Pres- 
ence- Absence. 

at-tend'-ance. A waiting upon. Dance attendance on, 
Leading - Following, Politeness - Impoliteness, 

at-tend'-ant. A follower. Chief-Underling, Lead- 
ing-Following, Solitude-Company. 

at-ten'-tion. Direction of mental powers to any spe- 
cific object. Carefulness-Carelessness, Heed- 
Disregard, Regard-Disrespect; attract attention, 
Pomp; call attention to, Sign; call to attention, Heed- 
Disregard; pay attentions to, Politeness-Impo- 
liteness; pay one's attentions to, Blandishment. 

at-ten'-tive. Observant. Heed-Disregard. 

at-ten'-u-ate. Made thin or slender. Enlargement- 
Diminution, Friability, Increase-Decrease. 

at-ten'-u-a"-ted. Made narrow. Breadth-Narrow- 

at-ten"-u-a'-tion. A weakening. Enlargement- 
Diminution, Friability. 

at-test'. To certify as accurate. Assertion-Denial, 
Engagement - Release, Evidence - Countere vi - 
dence, Sign. 

at"-tes-ta'-tion. Act of attesting. Evidence-Coun- 
terevidence, Sign. 

at-test'-ed. Witnessed. Attested copy, Security. 

at'-tic. Room next the roof; classic; witty. Con- 
tents-Receiver, Purity-Crudeness, Taste-Vul- 
garitv, Top-Bottom, Wittiness-Dulness. 

At'-ti-cism. Elegant expression. Wittiness-Dul- 


At'-til-a. A king of the Huns, called the "Scourge of 
God." Benefactor-Evildoer. 

at-tire'. Garments. Dress-Undress. 

at'-ti-tude. Physical position; settled purpose or 
opinion. Condition-Situation, Form-Formless- 
ness, Position. 

at"-ti-tu"-di-na'-ri-an. One who studies and practises 
attitudes. Pomp. 

at"-ti-tu'-di-nize. To pose for effect. Society-Afi tc- 

at-tol'-lent. Lifting. Elevation-Depression. 

at-tor'-ney. A person acting for another; a lawyer. 
Advocate, Consignee; power of attorney, Commis- 

at-tract'. To draw to; to affect favorably. Attrac- 
tion-Repulsion, Desire-Distaste, Love-Hate, 
Motive-Caprice, Pleasurableness-Painfulness; 
attract the attention, Heed-Disregard, Visibility- 

at-traci"-a-bil'-i-ty. Attraction. Motive-Caprice, 

at-tract'-ing. Drawing to itself. Attraction-Repul- 

at-trac'-tion. Act of attracting; attractive power. 
Attraction-Repulsion, Desire-Distaste, Love- 
Hate, Might-Impotence, Motive-Caprice, Pleas- 


Adduction. The action by which the parts of a body .-:< drawn 
towards its axis. 

Attraction. An invisible power in a body by which it draws any- 
thing to itself. 

Attraction of gravitation. The tendency of every parti< !< of matter 
in the universe towards every other particle 

Attractiveness. Having the power or quality of drawi ardsitself. 

Drawing to. The act of pulling towards or attr. < 

Gravity. The tendency of a mass of matter towards Lhei of at- 


Magnetism. That quality or agency by virtue of which certain 
bodies are productive of magnetic force or susceptible to its action. 

Pulling towards. 

Attraction — Nouns of Agent. 

Loadstar. A guiding star; the polestar. 

Loadstone. A magnetic iron ore. 

Magnet. A bar or mass of steel to which the properties of a magnet 
have been imparted. 

Sidehte. Formerly magnetic iron i >re, < r loadstone. 
Attraction — Verbs. 

Adduce. To bring forward. 

Attract. To cause to be drawn to. 

Drag towards. 

Draw towards. 

Pull towards. 

Attraction — Adjectives. 

Adducent. 1 -^ . - .- ., 

... .. F Drawing or binding together. 
Adductive. J 

Attracting, etc. See Verbs. 

Attractive. Having the attracting. 

Attrahent. Drawing to or towards something. 

Abduction. The act of drawing apart. 

Driving forth, etc. See I 

Repulse. A driving back. 

Repulsion. The act of being driven back. 

Repulsion — Verbs. 

Abduce. To draw to a different part. 

Abduct. To take away by force. 

Chase. To drive by following. 

Dispel. To drive away by scattering. 

Drive from. See Impetus. 

Push from. To drive away by steady pressure. 

Repel. To act with force in opposition to force. 

Retrude. To thrust back. 

Send away. I T „ x 

Send off. /To cause to go 

in any manner. 

Repulsion — Adjectives. 

Abducent. Drawing away from a common center. 
Abductive. Carrying away. 
Repellent. Driving back by fi u 
Repelling, etc. See Verbs. 
Repulsive. Resisting. 

Repulsion — Phrases. 

Give the cold shoulder. 

Keep at arm's length. 

Send away with a flea in one's ear. 

Turn one's back upon. Turn the cold shoulder. 

at-tract'-ive. Having the power to attract; pleasing. 
Attraction-Repulsion. Beauty-Ugliness, De- 
sire-Distaste, Love - Hate, Motive - Caprice, 
Pleasurableness - Painpulness. 

at-tract'-ive-ness. Condition of being attractive. At- 
traction-Repulsion, Love-H ATI Motive-Caprice, 

at'-tra-hent. Drawing towards. Attraction-Repul- 

at-trib'-u-ta-ble. Capable of being attributed. Ra- 

at'-tri-bute . A quality; that which is inherent in a per- 
son or thing. Might-Impotence; attributes of the 
Deity, Divinity. 

at-trib'-u-ted. Ascribed. Rationale-Luck. 

at-trib'-ute to. Ascribe to, Rationale-Luck. 

at"-tri-bu'-tion. Act <>f ascribing as a property or 
quality. Rationale-Luck. 




at-trite'. Worn down. Friability. 

at-tri'-tion. Act of rubbing away. Friction-Lubri- 

attroupemenl [I'.] (at-trup-man - ') . A rioti 
My. Gathering-Scai tering. 

st-tune. To adjust as a musical instrument. Mi n . 


at-tuned'. Accustomed. Attuned to, Habii I 1 

au'-burn. Reddish-brown. Gray-Brown. 

A. TJ. C. Ab i ■ ■ i ndiid [I,.] Prom the city's 

(Rome) construction. Duration-Nevernj 
auc'-tion. A public sale. Buying-Sale. 
auc"-tion-eer'. One who conducts a sale. Buying- 

Sale, Consign 
auctor pretiosa facit [L.] auc'-tor pri-shi-o'-sa ffi'-sit). 

The giver adds value to the gift. Giving-Receiv- 


au-da'-cious. Bold. Presumption-Obsequiousness. 

au-dac'-i-ty. Boldness; impudence. Braveri i 
ardice, Presumption-Obsequiousness, Reckless- 

audacter et sincere [L.] (au-dac'-ter et sin i' 

Boldly and sincerely. BRAVERY-COWARDK 

au d£sespoir [P.] (<> dS-zes-pwar') . In d( 
llghtheartedness - 1 (ejection, sanguinen i 

au"-di-bil'-i-ty. State of being audible. Hearing- 
Deafness, Sound-Silence. 

au'-di-ble. Capable of being heard. Sound-Silence; 
become audible, Hearing-Deafness; scarcely audi- 
ble, Loudness-Faintness. 

au'-di-ence. An assembly of hearers; a hearing. 
Conversation- - Monologue, Hearing - 1 ieaj mess; 
before an audience, Acting. 

audi'.: alteram partem [L.] (au-doi'-ri al'-ti 

par'-tem). To hear the other side Evidj rci 
Counters vidence, Right-Wrong, Qprightness- 


au'-dit. To examine, as accounts. Accoi :. I , 1 

riGATiON- Answer, Numbering. 
au'-di-tor. One who examines accounts; a lisl 

A. counts, Hearing-Deafness. 
au"-di-to'-ri-um. A place for speaking. Ai ping, 

au'-di-to-ry. Pertaining to hearing; an audience room. 

Acting, Hearing-Deafness; auditory apparatus, 

au fait [F.] (o fe). Up to the mark; well taught. 

Skill- Unskii.fulness. 
aufgeschoben ist unlit aufgehoben [G.] (auf"-ge-sho'- 

ben ist niHt auf"-ge-ho'-ben) . Later on is not fori - 

gone. Quest-Abandonment. 
an. fond [F.] (ofon). At the bottom ; fundamentally. 


Au-ge'-an. Like the stables of Augeas; very filthy. 
Augean stable, Cleanness-Filtiiiness ; Augean task, 

au'-ger. An instrument for boring. PerforatEr- 
Stoppi r, 

aught. Any part, even the smallest. Whole-Part; 
for aught one cares, Consequence-Insignificance, 
Unconcern; for aught one knows, Hypothesis, 
Knowledge-Ignorance, Ration ale-Lit k. 

aug-ment'. To enlarge or increase. Enlargement- 
Diminution, Increase-Decrease, Increj 

aug"-men-ta'-tion. An enlargement. Enlargement- 
Diminution, Increase-Decrease, Increment- 

au'-gur. A soothsayer; to betoken. Prophecy, Sooth- 
sayer; augur well, Sanguineness-Hopelessness. 

au'-gu-rate. Foretell. Prophecy. 

au"-gu-ra'-tion. Augury. Prophecy. 

au-gu'-ri-al Pertaining to augui 
au'-gu-rous. Relat 
au'-gu-ry. Fi iretelli 
au-gust'. Venerabli 

Au'-gus-tin. An Augu Mini 


aunt. Sisterof one's f.. herormotl 
au'-ra. A light bn 

the body. !■' 


itas [L.l (au'-ri i 

golden mean. Midi i n RSE-< 
au '-re-ate. 
au-re'-o-la. Circlet of light al 

ng. Light-Darkness. 
au'-re-ole. Radian- e around a ! ■: with 

an aun i >la. Reputation-Di 
au-re'-o-lin. Cobalt yellow. Yeli 
au'-ri-cle. Exti 
au-ric'-u-lar. Pertaining to ntial. 

I . enment- Sei re< y, Hi . 

auricular confession, I 
ami sacra fames [L.] (au'-r i liz). Ac- 

l L of gold. Extra vaga 

au-rist'. One who I 

au-ro'-ra. A ] 

dawn. Dimni Light-Darkni -. i. minary- 

Shade, Morning-Evening ; aurora borealis, 
his, Luminary-Shade. 
aus"-cul-ta'-tion. A . Hearing-Di 

aus'-pi-cal. Auguring. Prophecy. 
aus'-pice. An omen Port] 

aus'-pi-ces. I'; or favoring ■■ < iinan 

poteni e, Prophecy, Security-] ity; under 

the auspices of, Rule-License. 
aus-pi'-cious. Conducive to 


Hoi i '.', ! 

an : [1. | (au-spish'-i-um n i-1 

i'-vai). Augury of a h. 

dit, ait . i fait [I'.] (o-si-1 

"No sooner said than done." Completion-N 

aus-tere'. Severe. Austerity, Harshness-Mildness, 


aus-ter'-i-ty. Rigor in conduct; sevi 
sour. Austerity, Godliness-Uni [arsh- 

- All I.: in I ss, Palatableness - Unpalatable- 
ness, Politeness-Impoliteness, 
Asceticism. Belief in exci excessive self- 

Austerity. Severity and 
Cynicism. The state of bei * 

Fasting. Total or partial a 

i Pasting. 
Flagellation. Whippin ' ■ duty. 

Martyrdom. The condition of a 

Mortification. The act or stati' ' 

i body. 
Nephalism. Total abstini mts. 

Penance. Suffering or punishment as an See 

Puritanism. The stat g a Puritan, • ere in 

Sabbatarianism. Asceticism in the observan 
Total abstinence. Refusal to have anything to do with. as liquc r, etc. 

Austerity — Nouns < 
Anchoret. One who retires from the world t 
Anchorite. I f.t. 

Ascetic. One who pra^ I 




AUSTERITY— Nouns of Agency — Continued. 

Cynic. One who holds in contempt all virtues. 

Essene. One of a sect of ascetic Jews. 

Heauton timoroutnenos [Gr.]. The Self-tormentor, name of a play by 

Hermit. One who leaves the world and lives for religious contem- 
plation. See Sociability. 

Martyr. One who suffers for his beliefs. 

Puritan. One who is very strict in conduct. 

Sabbatarian. One who strictly observes the Jewish Sabbath. 
Austerity — Figurative Nouns. 

Sackcloth and ashes. Penance for sin. self-abasement. 
Austerity — Adjectives. 

Acerbic. Rigidly exact and stern. 

Ascetic. Given to severe self-denial. 

Austere. Severe; grave; stern 

Cynical. Inclined to moral skepticism. 

Over-religious. Excessively religious. 

Puritanical. Rigid. 

Austerliiz, voila le solcil d' — [F.] (au-ster-litz', vwa-la' 
le so-ley' d). Behold the sun of Austerlitz. Repu- 
tation'- Discredit, Sang i' i nen ess-Hopelessness. 

aus'-tral. Southern. Laterality-Contraposition. 

aus'-tro-man"-cy. Divination by observation of the 
wind. Prophecy. 

au-then'-tic. Credible. Certainty-Doubt, Truth- 

au-then'-ti-cate. To certify. Evidence-Counter- 

au-then"-ti-ca'-tion. Confirmation. Evidence-Coun- 
terevidence, Security. 

au"-then-tic'-i-ty. State of being authoritative. Truth- 

au'-thor. A creator; a writer. Cause-Effect, Maker- 
Destroyer, Missive-Publication; author of our 
being, Divinity; author of evil, Angel-Satan; dra- 
matic author, Acting. 

au-thor'-i-ta-tive. Duly sanctioned. Certainty- 
Doubt, Order. 

au-thor'-i-ta-tive-ness. Possession of power. Rule- 


au-thor'-i-ties. Rulers. Chief-Underling. 

au-thor'-i-ty. Right to command and enforce obedi- 
ence; that appealed to in support of an opinion. 
Dominance-Impotence, Dueness-Undueness, En- 
lightenment - Secrecy, Evidence - Counterevi- 
dence, Leave-Proiiibition, Might-Impotence, 
Rule-License, Sage-Fool; do upon one's own 
authority, Volition-Obligation; ensign of author- 
ity, Manager, Scepter; person in authority, Chief- 
Undreling, Rule-License. 

au"-thor-i-za'-tion. Legal sanction. Prohibition. 

au'-thor-ize. To empower. Commission-Abrogation, 
Dueness-Undueness, Leave-Prohibition, Rule- 

au'-thor-ized. Endowed with authority. Commission- 
Retirement, Dueness- I'm >uen ess. 

au'-thor-ship. Quality or function of an author. 
Creation-Destruction, Style, Writing-Printing. 

au"-to-bi-og'-ra-phy. Story of one's own life. Ac- 
coln r 

au-toch'-tho-nes. Aborigines. Dweller-Habitation. 

au-toch'-thon-ous. Native. Dweller- Habitation. 

au-toc'-ra-cy. Rule of an autocral Harshness- 
Mildness, Rule- License, Tyranny- Anarchy 

au'-to-crat. A supreme unrestricted ruler. Ciiief- 
fjy derling, T\ hanny- Anarchy. 

au"-to-crat'-ic. Having absolute power. Rule- 


auto dap [Pg] (tvu'-to da fg). An act of faith: bon- 
fire. Heating-Cooling, Reci impense-Punition. 

au'-to-graph. One's own signature. Sic.n. Writing- 
Prin riNG. 

au-tog'-ra-phy. Autographs collectively considered 

Au-tol'-y-cus. A famous thief of mythology. Dealer, 

au"-to-ma'-ni-ac. One who has worked himself into 
insanity. Saneness-Maniac. 

au"-to-mat'-ic. Acting from itself. Volition-Obli- 

au-tom'-a-ton. An automatic machine. Volition- 

au'-to-mo'-bile. A self-acting or self-regulating road 

au-ton'-o-my. Self-government. Liberty-Subjec- 
tion, Rule-License. 

au'-top-sy. Examination of a body after death. Life- 
Funeral, Sight-Blindness. 

au-top'-tic-al. Seen with one's own eyes. Manifesta- 
tion-Latency, Visibility- In visibility. 

au'-to-type. Photograph process of printing. En- 

au'-tumn. Third season of the year. Morning- 

au-tum'-nal. Relating to autumn. Morning-Evening. 

aux-il'-i-a-ry. One who or that which helps. Antago- 
nist-Assistant, Benefactor-Evildoer, Obstruc- 
tion-Help; auxiliary forces, Belligerent. 

a-vail'. To serve; to use for a purpose. Success- 
Failure, LIse-Disuse, Usefui.ness-L'selessness; 
avail oneself of, Use-Disuse; of no avail, Useful- 
ness-US elessn ess. 

a-vail'-a-ble. Usable. Usefulness-Uselessness. 

av'-a-lanche". A fall of snow down a mountain side; 
anything sudden and overwhelming. Ascent-De- 
scent, Excess-Lack. 

avaler les coitleuvres [F.] (a-va-le' le cu-luvr'). To 
swallow the snakes. To bear an affront. Presump- 
tion-Obsequiousness, Yielding. 

avant-coureur [F.] (a-venr' cu-rur'). Forerunner. 
Predecessor-Continuation, Preparation-Non- 

avant-propos [F.] (a-van'' pro-po'). Preface. Prede- 

av'-a-rice. Passion for riches. Extravagance-Ava- 

av-a-ri'-cious. Greedy of gain. Extravagance-Ava- 

a-vast'. Stop. Discontinuance-Continuance, Leave- 
Prohibition, Movement-Rest, Quest-Abandon- 

av"-a-tar'. Descent of the deity into incarnate exist- 
ence. Devotion-Idolatry, Divinity, Mutation- 

a-vaunt'. Dismissal. Admission-Expulsion, Appear- 

a'-ve. Hail. Politeness-Impoliteness, Reputation- 

a-venge'. To take satisfaction for. Pardon-Yin nu - 


a-venge '-ance . Vengeance. Pardon- Vindic i i v e \ ess 
a-venge'-ment. Retaliation. Pardon-Vindictive- 


a-ven'-ger. One who avenges. Pardon-Vindictive- 

a-veng'-ing. Taking revenge. Pardon-Vindictive- 

av'-e-nue. A street; approach to a residence. City- 
Country, Domestication-Agriculture, Way. 

a-ver'. To assert as a fact Assertion-Denial. 

av'-er-age. Arithmetical mean; moderate character, 
I'M i i; i I m i riNESS, Medium; average cir- 

cumstances, Mediocrity ; take an average, M ensura- 

a-ver '-ment. Affirmation, Assertion-Denial. 

.1 ?:::, facilii descensus [L.] (a-vcr'-nai, fas'-i-lis 
de-sen'-sus) Easy is the decent to the lower world, 
Parallelism-Inclination, Security-Insecurity. 




A-ver'-nus. The infernal regions. Heaven-Hell. 

av"-er-run'-cate. To ward off. Admission-Expul- 
sion, Injection-Ejection. 

av"-er-sa'-tion. Aversion. Assertion-Denial. 

a-verse'. Moved by dislike or repugnance. Readi- 

a-verse'-ness. Dislike. Readiness-Reluctani i 

a-ver'-sion. Opposition or dislike. Desire-Distaste, 

a-vert'. To turn aside. Obstruction-Help; avert 
the eyes, Sight-Blindness. 

a'-vi-a-ry. A place where birds arc kept. Domesti- 

a: thus, bonis [L.] (av'-i-bus, bo'-nis). Under good 
auspices. Security-Insecurity. 

av'-id. Eager. Desire-Distaste. 

a-vid'-i-ty. Strong desire. Desire-Distaste, Ex- 

a-vile'. To make vile. Adulation-Disparagement, 
Approval- Disapproval. 

avi numerantur avorum [L] (S'-voi niu-mer-an'-tur 
a-vor'-um) . Ancestors of ancestors are counted unto 
me. Parentage-Progeny. 

avise la fin [P.] (a- viz' la fan'). Weigh well the < ml. 

a-vi'-so. A despatch boat. Tidings-Mystery. 

av"-o-ca'-tion. That which takes one from his regular 
calling. Occupation. 

a-void'. To shun. Desire-Distaste, Readiness-Re- 

a-void'-ance. Act of shunning. Quest-Evasion. 

a-void'-less. Inevitable. Certainty-Doubt, Voli- 

av"-oir-du-pois'. A system of weights. Heaviness- 

av"-o-la'-tion. Act of flying away. Escape, Quest- 

a-vouch'. To declare openly. Assertion-Denial. 

a-vouch'-al. A declaring. Assertion-Denial. 

a-vouch'- ment. Declaration. Assertion-Denial. 

a-vow'. To acknowledge or declare frankly. Assent- 
Dissent, Assertion-Denial, Exposure-Hiding- 

a-vul'-sion. A forcible separation. Injection-Ejec- 
tion, Union-Disunion. 

a-wait'. To wait for. Earliness-Lateness, Expec- 
tation-Surprise, Future-Past, Occurrence-Des- 

a-wake'. To cease from sleep; to call into action; to 
be awake. Activity-Indolence, Carefulness- 
Carelessness, Heed-Disregard, Sagacity-Inca- 

a-wa'-ken. To arouse from sleep; to stir up; to stir 
up interest. Enlightenment-Secrecy, Excitation; 
awaken the attention, Heed-Disregard; awaken the 
memory, Remembrance-Forgetfulness. 

a-ward'. To decide to be rightly due. Decision-Mis- 
judgment, Giving-Receiving. 

a-ware'. Having knowledge of. Knowledge-Igno- 

a-way'. Absent; at a distance; apart. Admission-Ex- 
pulsion, Presence-Absence, Remoteness-Near- 
ness; away from, Connection-Independence; away 
with, Admission-Expulsion, Approval-Disappro- 
val, Commission-Abrogation, Keeping-Relin- 
quishment, Regard-Scorn; break away, Quest- 

Evasion; do away with, Actio.n-Passiveness, Com- 
mission-Abrogation; fly away, Arrival-Depar- 
ture; get away, Escape; move away, Approach- 
Withdrawal, Escape ; take away from, Taking- 
Restitution; throw away, Admission-Expulsion, 
Choice - Rejection, Keeping - Relinquishment, 
awe. Dread mingled with reverence. Astonishment- 
Expectance, Regard-Disrespect, Sanguineness- 


awe'-in-spir"-ing. Stupefying. Sanguineness-Timid- 


awe'-less. Fearless. Bravery-Cowardice, Presump- 
tion-Obsequiousness, Regard-Disrespect. 

aw'-ful. Terrible; very great. Magnitude-Small- 
ness,Sanguine>ness-Timidity; awful silence, Sound- 

a-while'. For a short time. Lastingness-Transient- 

awk'-ward. Ungraceful; clumsy. Beauty-Ugliness, 
Difficulty-Facility, Pleasurableness-Painful- 
ness, Propriety-Impropriety, Skill-Unskilful- 
ness, society-ludicrousness, taste-vulgarity ; 
awkward squad, Adept-Bungler. 

awk'-ward-ness. Clumsiness. Difficulty-Facility, 

awl. A shoemaker's tool for boring. Perforater- 

awn'-ing. A covering or shelter from the sun. Cover- 
Lining, Luminary-Sha; 

a-wry'. Out of proper form; evil. Good-Evil, Paral- 
lelism-Inclination, 1 '] .-Deformity. 

axe. An edge-tool for cutting. Impetus-Reaction, 
Recompense -Scourge, Sharpness - Bluntness, 

ax'-i-al. Pertaining to an axis. Center. 

ax'-il-la-ry. Pertaining to the axilla. Anatomy. 

ax'-i-no-man"-cy. Divination by means of an axe 
Prophei i 

ax'-i-om. A self-evident truth. Adage-Nonsense. 

ax'-i-o-mat'-ic. Self-evident. Adage-Nonsense, Cer- 

ax'-is. A line or support on which something rotates. 
Center, Revolution-Evolution, Suspension-Sup- 

ax'-le. A cross-bar on which anything turns. Revo- 
lt i ion-Evolution, Suspension-Support; wheel 
and axle, Instrument. 

ax'-le-tree". An axle of wood. Suspension-Support. 

ay. Yes. Assent-Dissent. 

a'-yah. A nurse; a lady's-maid. Chief-Underling, 

aye. Always; yes. Assent-Dissent, Eternity-In- 


az'-i-muth. An astronomical arc. Aim-Aberration,. 

Astronomy, Erectness-Flatness, Mensuration;. 

azimuth circle, Erectness-Flatness. 
a-zo'-ic. Without organic life. Organization-Inor- 


az-ote'. An old name for nitrogen, which does not 

support life. Remedy-Bane. 
a-zot'-ic. Unable to support life. Healthi.ness-Un- 


az'-ure. A clear blue. Blueness-Orange. 
az'-y-gous. Occurring singly. Center, Solitudb- 


XI i 



Ba'-al. A Semitic sun-god. Devotion-Idolatry, 
Jove-Fiend, Revelation-Pseudorevelation. 

bab'-ble. Senseless sound. Conversation-Mono- 
logue, Loudness-Faintness, Meaning-Jargon, 
River- Wind, Talkativeness-Taciturnity. 

bab'-ble-ment. Idle talk. Talkativeness-Taciturn- 

bab'-bler. An idle talker. Sage-Fool, Talkative- 
■ -Taciturnity. 

bab'-bling. Senseless talk. Sagacity-Incapacity'. 

babe. An infant. Infant- Veteran ; innocent as the 
babe unborn, Innocence-Guilt. 

ba'-bel. Confusion of sounds. Language, Melody- 
Dissonance, Regularity'-Irregularity, Talka- 
tiveness-Taciturnity, Word-Xeology. 

Ba'-bism. The principles and practises of the Babi. 

Ba'-bist. One who believes in the principles of the Babi. 

bab-oon'. A large ape. Beauty-Uglin 

ba'-by. A very young child. Infant-Veteran. Sage- 
Fool; baby linen, Dress-L t ndress. 

ba'-by-farm". A place where babies are nursed and 
brought up. Dweller-Habitation. 

ba'-by-hood. Infancy. Infancy-Age, Sagacity'-In- 


ha'-by-ish. Like an infant. Infant-Veteran, Sa-' 
gaci i y-Incapacity. 

bac"-ca-lau'-re-ate. The degree of bachelor. School. 

bac"-ca-rat. A gambling card game. Entertain- 

bac'-chal. A drunken reveler. Teetotalism-Intem- 

bac'-cha-nal. A drunken reveler. Teetotalism-In- 


bac"-cha-na'-li-a. Drunken orgies. Teetotalism-In- 


bac"-cha-na'-lian. A drunken reveler. Teetotalism- 

bac'-cha-nals. Drunken revelry. Tei roi u ism-In- 

bac'-chante. A priestess of Bacchus. Teetotalism- 

Bac'-chus. The god of wine. Teetotalism-Intem- 
perance; devotee to Bacchus, Teetotalism-Intem- 

■bach'-e-lor. An unmarried man. Matrimony-Celibacy. 

bach'-e-lor-hood. The bachelor's d free. Matrimony- 

bach'-e-lor-ship. The condition of being a bachelor. 

back. A portion of the body; tin- pari opposite the 
front. Advance-Rei >gressio i rity- 


tion-Hi i : back out, Advani e-F. iion; 

back to back, Anteriority-Posteriority; back up, 
Ob -Help, Suspension-Support; behind 

one's back, Anteriority-Pi rity, Enlight- 

enm i . Manifestation-Latency; carry 

one's thoughts back, Remi mbrani i 1 orgi rrui 
ness; come back, Arrival-Departi ri fall back, 
Renovation-Relapse; give back, Taking I 

tution; go back, Advance-Retrog ; go back 

from, Observance-Nonob have at one's 

back, Suspension-Support; hold back, Qi i r- 

Evasion; keep back, Store; look back, Remem- 
brance-Forgetfulness ; on one's back, Erectness- 
Flatness, Might-Impotence. Success-Failure; 
pat on the back, Alleviation-Aggravation, Ap- 
proval-Disapproval. Bravery-Cowardice, Mo- 
tive-Caprice; pay back, Reprisal-Resistance; put 
back, Betterment-Deterioration, Renovation- 
Relapse; put one's back up, Favorite-Anger; send 
back, Proffer-Refusal; set one's back up, Self- 
respect-Humbleness; set one's back against the 
wall, Determination-Vacillation; some time back, 
Future-Past; spring back, Elasticity-Ini 
ticity, Impetus-Reaction; take back again, Tak- 
ing-Restitution; trace back, Remembrance-For- 
getfulness; turn back, Advance-Retrogression; 
turn one's back, Advance-Retrogression, Quest- 
Evasion; turn one's back upon, Advance-Retro- 
gression, Antagonism-Concurrence, Attraction- 
Repulsion. Heed-Disregard, Politeness-Impo- 
liteness. Quest-Evasion, Regard-Disregard, Re- 
gard-Scorn, Sociability-Privacy. 

back'-bite". Calumniate secretly. Adulation-Dis- 
paragement, Approval-Disapproval; Sir Benja- 
min Backbite, Flatterer-Defamer. 

back'-bi"-ter. A base traducer. Flatterer-De- 

back'-bone". The spine; firmness. Affections, 
Bravery-Cowardice, Center, Persistence-Whim, 
Subjectiveness-Objectiveness, Suspension-Sup- 
port; game to the backbone, Determination- 

back'-cast". Thrown back. Welfare-Misfortune. 

back'-door". Rear entrance or exit. Method. 

back'-down". Retraction. Yielding. 

back'-er. A supporter. Antagonist-Assistant. 

back'-friend". A secret foe. Friend- Foe. 

back"-gam'-mon. A game. Entertainment-Weari- 


back'-ground". Ground in the rear. Anteriority- 
Posteriority, Remoteness-Nearness; in the back- 
ground, Anteriority-Posteriority. Enlighten- 
ment-Secrecy, Manifestation-Lateni y, Reputa- 
tion-Discredit; keep in the background, Conceit- 
Diffidence, Enlightenment-Sei recy, Sociabil- 
ity-Privacy; put one in the background, Reputa- 
tion-Discredit; throw into the background, Care- 

back'-log". A large log placed a1 the back of thi 
in an open fireplace. Oven-Refrigerator. 

back'-plate". A piece of armor which covers the ' 

back'-set". To replow land. Renovation-Re) 

back'-set"-tler. One who inhabits the back-:-' 
ments of a country . Dw i i.i.i r-Habitation. 

back'-shish. A gratuity. Giving-Receiving. 

back'-side". The back part. Anteriority-Posi 

OR I 1 1 

back-sli'-der. An apostate. Bigotry-Apostasy, Pa- 
back-sli'-ding. Apo i trogres- 


Renovation-Relapse. Yikm e-Vici 
back'-stairs" . Private stairs. Exposure-Hiding- 
pi.M i [ backstairs influence, Craft-Art- 





back'-ward. Directed to the rear; late; reluctant. 
Advance- Retrogression-, Earliness- Lateness, 

back"-war-da'-tion. The premium paid for delaying 
the delivery of stock. Price-Discount. 

back'-ward-ness. Reluctancy. Desire-Distaste, 

back'-wards. Towards the rear. Advance-Retro- 
gression; bend backwards, Ei.asticity-Inelas- 
ii iy; bend backwards and forwards, Commutation- 
Permutation, Vibration. 

back'-wa"-ter. Water held or forced back. Advance- 

back'-woods". Sparsely settled districts. City-Coun- 


back'-woods"-man. A frontiersman. Domestication- 
Agriculture, Dweller-Habitation. 

ba'-con. Cured hog's flesh. Buttered upon bacon, 
Excess-Lack; save one's bacon, Conservation, 
Security-In security. 

Ba-co'-ni-an meth'-od. Induction. Investigation- 

bac-te'-ri-a. Microbes. Biology. Greatness-Little- 

baculinum argumentum [L.] (bac-yu-lai'-num ar-giu- 
men'-tum). Club law. Coercion, Law-Lawless- 
ness, Recompense-Punition. 

bad. Wicked; worthless. Approval-Disapproval, 
Cleanness-Filth in ess, Good-Evil, Goodness-Bad- 
ness, Perfume-Stench, Right-Wrong; bad blood, 
Charitableness-Malevoli ice, Love-Hate; bad 
business, Sanguineness-Hopelessness; bad case, 
Ratiocination-Instinct; bad chance, Likelihood- 
Unlikelihood; bad debt, Credit-Debt; bad fairy, 
Jove-Fiend; bad faith, Observance-Nonobserv- 
ance, Uprightness-Dishonesty; bad grace, Polite- 
ness-Impoliteness; bad habit, Habit-Di ;i etude; 
bad hand, Adept-Bungler, Writing-Printing; bad 
humor, Contentedness-Disconi it, Favor- 

ite-Anger, Favorite -Quarrei , Light- 

heartedness-Dejection; bad intent, Charita 
ness-Malevolence; bad job, Good-Evil. S 
ness-Hopelessness, Skilfulness-Un ,i:ss; 

bad joke, Taste-Vulgarity; bad language, Ap- 
proval-Disapproval, Charitablene ; bad 
luck, Welfare-Misfortune; bad man, Good Man- 
Bad Man, Uprightness-Rogue; bad name, Ad 
tion-Disparagement,Approval-1 hsappf. 
utation-Discredit; bad odor, 
bad repute, Reputation-Discredit; bad smell, j 
fume-Stench; bad spirit, Jove-Fii m>; bad spirits, 
Lightheartedness-Dejection; bad taste, Taste- 
Vulgarity; bad temper, Favorite-Anger, Favor- 

bad time of it, Pleasure-Pain ;; bad turn, Chari- 
tableness-Malevolenci . Goi d-Evil; bad woman, 
Good Man-Bad Man; from bad to worse, Allevia- 
tion-Aggravation; go bad, i Deterio- 
ration, Cleanness-Filthiness; in bad odor, Amity- 
1 1 utility; in a bad way, Betti i eriora- 
tion, Health -Sickness, Security -Insecurity, 
Welfare-Misfortune; not a bad idea, Sagacity- 
Incapacity; on bad terms, Amity-Ho r, Vari- 
ance-Accord; put a bad construction on, Interpre- 
tation-Misinterpretation; take in bad part, Con- 
tentedness- Discontentment, 1' a'. 
view in a bad light, Adulation 

badaud [F.] (ba-doO- An idler. 

badge. A mark of distinction. Sign: badge of author- 
ity, Scepter: badge of infamy, 
credit; badge of slavery, Chief-Underi ing; Badge 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, Pa 
Treason; Badge of the Order of St. Andrew. 
ism-Treason; Badge of the Order of St. Patrick, 

Patriotism-Treason; Badge of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece, Patriotism-Treason; Badge of the 
Order of the Thistle, Patriotism-Treason. 

badg'-er. A burrowing mammal ; to worry. Pleasur- 
ableness-Painfulness; badger dog, Fauna-Flora. 

ba"-di-nage'. Banter. Society-Derision, Wittiness- 


bad lands. Waste area. Geology. 

bad'-ly. Wickedly. Goodness-Badness; badly off, 
Penury, Welfari -Mi fortune. 

bad'-ness. The state oi being bad. Good-Evil, Good- - 

baf'-fle. To frustrate. Obstruction-Help, 
Failure; baffle description, Astonishment-E 
tance, Conventionality-Unconventionality. 

baf'-fle-ment. Frustration. Obstruction-Help. 

baf'-fler. One who or that which bailies. Obstruc- 

bag. A sack; to secure. Establishment-Removal, 
Gain-Lo Reci i ver, Taking-Restitution, Theft; 
bag and baggage, Property. 

bag"-a-telle' . A trifle; a kind of game. Consequence- 
Insignificance; Entertainment- Wearini 

bag'-gage. Luggage; a strumpet. Materials, Prop- 
erty. Purity-Rake. 

bag'-ga-la. A two-masted Arabian trading-vessel. 
Conveyance-Vessi ver. 

bag'-gy- Ill-fitting; loose. Cohesion-Looseness. 

bag'-man. A traveling salesman. Consignee. 

bagn'-io. A brothel. Purity-Impurity. 

bag-pipe. A mu ical wind-instrument. Musical In- 

bah. A contemptuous e» I ird-Scorn. 

bail. Sun urity; go bail, Credit-Debt; leg- 

bail, Qui Evash in. 

bail'-a-ble. Admittingofbail. Credit-Debt, Security. 

bai'-liff. Ai oi icer. Chief-Underling, Consignee, 
Judicature. Man m 

bail'-i-wick. The limits of a bailiff's authority. Judi- 

bai-ram'. A Turkish festival. Ceremonial, li.NTER- 
tainment- Weariness. 

bairn. A child. Infant-Veteran. 

bait. A lure. Attack-Defense, Giving-Receiv- 
ing, Motive - Caprh Nutriment - Excretion, 
Pleasei \ Truthfulness- 

Fraud, Weariness-Refreshment; swallow the bait, 
Gull-Deceiver. K ■ Reluctance. 

bake. To dry and harden. Heating-Cooling. 

bake'-house. A house for baking. Oven-Refrigerator. 

ba'-ker. One who bakes, especially one who bakes bread. 
Agent, Chief-Underling, Heating-Cooling. 

ba'-ker's-dozen. Thirteen. Five-Quinquesecti 

ba'-ker-y. A place where different foods are baked. 

bak'-ing-heat. The heat required in baking. Heat-Cold. 

bal [F.] (bal). An assembly for dancing. Entertain- 

The rosy-red ruby yarn. Embel- 

bal'-ance. e. Accounts, Comparison, Com- 

pensation. Determination-Vacillation, Equal- 
ity-Inequality, Heaviness-Lightness, Incre- 
ment-Remnant. Medium, Money, Numbering; bal- 
ance accounts with, Settlement-Default; in the 
balance, Certainty-Doubt; off one's balance, De- 
termination-Vacillation, Success-Failure; the 
mind losing its balance, Saneness-Lunacy. 

bal'-anced. Equipoised. Mutability-Stability, Pro- 
portion-Deformity; balanced sentence, Rhetoric. 

bal-bu'-ci-nate. To stammer. Speech-Inarticulate- 

bal'-co-ny. A raised porch. Architecture, Con- 
vexity-Conc.avi rv. 




bald. Unadorned. Beauty-Ugliness, Dress-Un- 
dress, Embellishment-Simplicity, Entertain- 
ment-Weariness, Force-Weakness. 

bal'-da-chin. \ An altar canopy. Ar- 

baldachino [It.] (bal-da-ki'-no) . f chitecture, Fane. 

bal'-der-dash. Nonsense. Meaning-Jargon. 

bald'-head". One whose head is bald. Beauty-Ugli- 
ness, Entirety-Deficiency, Smoothness-Rough- 

bald'-ness. The state of being bald. Beauty-Ugliness. 

bal'-dric. A girdle. Circle-Winding, Outline. 

bale. Sorrow; package. Admission-Expulsion, Con- 
tents-Receiver, Gathering - Scattering, Good- 
Evil, Measure. 

bale'-ful. Sorrowful. Goodness-Badness. 

bal'-is-ter. A cross-bow. Weapon. 

bal"-is-tra'-ri-a. A loophole through which cross- 
bowmen fire. Attack-Defense. 

ba-lize'. A sea-mark. Sign. 

balk. Thwart. Expectation-Disappointment, Ob- 
struction-Help, Truthfulness-Falsehood. 

ball. A sphere; a game; dance. Entertainment- 
Weariness, Push-Pull, Roundness, Sociability- 
Privacy, Weapon, ball at one's feet, Rule-License, 
Success-Failure; ball dress, Pomp; keep up the ball, 
Activity - Indolence, Discontinuance - Continu- 

bal'-lad. A song. Music, Poetry-Prose. 

bal'-lad-mon'-ger. A poetaster. Music, Poetry- 

bal'-lad-ry. Ballad poetry. Music, Poetry-Prose. 

bal'-la-rag. To threaten. Charitableness-Menace. 

bal'-last. Heavy material placed in the hold of a vessel 
to steady it. Compensation, Heaviness-Light- 
ness, Sagacity-Incapacity; without ballast, Reck- 
lessness-Caution, Virtue- Vice. 

bal'-let. A dance. Acting, Entertainment- Weari- 
ness; ballet-girl, Acting. 

bal'-let-dan'-cer. A dancer. Acting. 

bal-lis'-tics. The science of projectiles. Fighting- 
Conciliation, Push-Pull, Weapon. 

bal-loon'. A bag to fill with gas and rise in the air. 
Conveyance-Vessel, Traveling-Navigation. 

bal-loon'-ist. An aeronaut. Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

bal-loon'-ry. The science of ballooning. Traveling- 

bal'lot. Vote. Choice-Neutrality. 

ball'-proof. Capable of resisting balls from firearms. 

ball'-room. Adaneehall. Entertainment- Weariness. 

balm. A remedy. Alleviation-Aggravation, Per- 
fume-Stench, Remedy-Bane, Turbulence-Calm- 

bal-mor'-al. A boot. Dress-Undress. 

balm'-y. Soothing. Activity-Indolence, Perfume- 

bal'-ne-al. Pertaining to a bath. Water-Air. 

bal-ne-a'-tion. Bathing. Water-Air. 

balourdise [F.] (ba-lur-diz') . Blunder. Adept- 

bal-sam. A tree. Remedy-Bane. 

bal"-sam-a'-tion. The process of embalming. Rem- 

bal-sam'-ic. Like balsam. Alt hviation-Aggrava- 
tion, Remedy-Bane. 

bal'-us-trade. A row of balusters. Architecture, 
Enclosure, Suspension-Support. 

bam. To cheat. Truthpulni 1 ilsehood. 

bam-bi'-no. A child. Infant-Veteran. 

bam-boo'-zle. To deceive. Enlightenment-Secrecy, 

ban. A decree. Charitableness-Curse; ban with 
bell, book, and candle, Ceremonial; under the ban, 
Charitableness- Men ace, Leave-Prohibition. 

banco regis [L.] (ban'-co ri'-jis). On the king's bench. 

band. A stripe; party; ring. Association, Circle- 
Winding, Connective, Gathering-Scattering, 
Lamina-Fiber, Music, Musical Instruments, Musi- 
cian, Outline, Release-Prison; band of hope, 
Teetotalism-Intemperance; band together, An- 
tagonism-Concurrence; band with, Strife-Peace. 

band'-age. A strip of cloth. Connective, Cover- 
Lining, Release-Prison, Remedy-Bane. Suspen- 
sion-Support, Union-Disunion; the eyes bandaged, 

ban-dan'-na. A large, bright-colored handkerchief. 
Cleanness-Filthiness, Material. 

band'-box". A hat box. Contents-Receiver. 

band'-ed to-geth'-er. United. Association, Coopera- 
tion-Opposition , Variance-Accord. 

ban'-dit. An outlaw. Robber. 

band'-mas"-ter. The leader of a musical band. Chief- 
Underling, Musician. 

ban'-dog". A fierce dog. Security-Insecurity, 

band'-rol. A pennant. Sign. 

bands. Linen strips worn with certain clerical gar- 
ments. Vestments. 

bandurria [Sp.] (ban-dur'-ri-a) . A Spanish musical 
instrument. Musical Instruments. 

ban'-dy. To exchange; contend. Agitation, Com- 
mutation-Permutation, Curvature-Rectilinear- 
ity; bandy about, Publicity; bandy legged, Propor- 
tion-Deformity; bandy words, Conversation- 
Monologue, Ratiocination-Instinct. 

bane. Ruin. Good-Evil, Goodness-Badness, Remedy- 

bane'-ful. Ruinous. Goodness-Badness, Remedy- 

bang. A heavy blow. Crash-Drumming, Impetus- 
Reaction, Reward-Punition. 

ban'-ish. Expel. Admission-Expulsion, Inclusion- 
Omission, Reward-Punition. Sociability-Privacy. 

ban'-ished. Exiled. Sociability-Privacy. 

ban'-ish-ment. Exile. Admission-Expulsion, Re- 
ward-Punition, Sociability-Privacy. 

ban'-is-ter. Baluster. Suspension-Support. 

ban'-jo. A string-instrument. Musical Instruments. 

bank. The margin of a river; a money depository. 
Attack-Defense, City-Country, Labor-Capital, 
Ocean-Land, Parallelism-Inclination, Refuge- 
Pitfall, Store, Treasury; bank holiday, Enter- 
tainment-Weariness; Bank of England, Labor- 
Capital; bank up, Conservation; sea bank, Ocean- 

bank'-er. One who conducts a bank. Dealer, 

bank'-note. Paper money issued by a bank. Money. 

bank-rupt. Insolvent. Settlement-Default. 

bank'-rupt-cy. Insolvency. Settlement-Def.m 1 r, 

banlieue [F.] (ban''-li-u"). Outskirts. Environment- 
Interposition. Remoteness-Nearness. 

ban'-ner. A standard. Sign ; enlist under the banners 
of, Obstruction-Help: raise one's banner, Fight- 

ban'-ner-et. A little banner. Gentility-Democracy, 

ban'-ne-rol. A little Sag. Sign. 

banns. Formal announcement of intended marrii 
Forbid the banns, Leave-Prohibition; publish the 
banns, Matrimony-Celibacy, Petition-Expostula- 

ban'-quet. A feast. Entertainment- Weariness, 

ban"-quette'. A foot-path in afort. Attack-Defense. 

ban'-shee. A goblin. Jove-Fiend. 




ban '-tarn. A braggart. Brawler. 

ban'-ter. Ridicule. Society-Derision^ Wittiness- 


ban'-ter-er. One who banters. Braw i 
bant'-ling. Achild. Interdependence . Pari ntage- 

ban'-yan. The Indian fig-tree. Excess-Lack; ban- 
yan day, Fasting-Gluttony. 

bap'-tism. A religious ceremony. Ceremonial, Name- 

bap-tis'-mal. Pertaining to baptism. Ceremonial. 

Bap'-tist. One who accepts no baptism but immersion. 

bap'-tis-ter-y. A place for baptizing. Fane. 

bap'-tize. To christen. CEREMONIAL, Name-Misnomer. 

bar. A bolt; court of justice; liquo r. Advo- 

cate, Aperture-Closure, Enclosure, Inclusion- 
Omission, Leave-Prohibition, Length-Short- 
ness, Melody- Dissonance, Obstruction -Help, 
Release-Prison, Suspension-Support, Tribunal; 
bar sinister, Faultlessness-Faultiness, Law-Law- 
lessness, Reputation-Discredit. 

baragouin [F.] (bar"-a-gvvan'). Gibberish. Mean- 

barb. A backward-projecting point. Conveyer. 
Sharpness-Bluntness; barb the dart, Pleasur- 
ableness-Pain fulness. 

bar'-ba-can. A gun-hole in a fort. Attack-Defense. 

Bar"-ba-resque'. Pertaining to Barbary. Gentility- 

bar-ba'-ri-an. Uncivilized. Benefactor-Evildoer, 

bar-bar'-ic. Cruel. Gentility-Democracy, Taste- 

bar'-ba-rism. The middle state of civilization. Gen- 
tility-Democracy, Politeness-Impoliteni ss, Pur- 
ity-Crudeness. Taste- Vulgarity, Wi ird-Neolgy. 

bar-bar'-i-ty. Inhumanity. Gentility-Democracy, 

bar'-ba-rize. To make barbarous Gentility-I ii 


bar'-ba-rous. Rude. Charitableness-Malevoi 
Form-Formlessness, Gentility-Demi Pur- 


bar'-ba-rous-ness. Rudeness. Gentility-Demoi racy. 

barbed. Having barbs. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

bar'-bi-can. An outwork. Attack-Defi 

barbouilUige [F.] (bar-bui-yazh') . Scribble. Writ- 

bar'-con. A boat or barge. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bard. A poet. Musician, Poetry-Prose. 

bare. Uncovered; empty. Dress-1 , Excess- 

Lack, Exposure-Hidingplace, Magniti de-Small- 
ness, Manifestation-Latency; bare bone,BRHADTH- 
Narrowness; bare faced, Presumption I M I 
ousness; bare foot, Affluence-Penury, Dri 
Undress; bare headed, Regard-Disrespect; bare 
possibility, Likelihood-Unlikelihood; bare suppo- 
sition, Hypothesis; scud under bare poles, i 

bare'-ness. Nakedness. Dress-Undress. 

bar'-gain. Contract. Contract. Costliness-Cheap- 
ness, Exchange; bargain for, Expectation-Sur- 
prise; bargain and sale, Alienation, Exchange; 
into the bargain, Addition-Subtraction. 

barge. A boat. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bar-gee'. A boatman. Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

barge'-mas"-ter. The owner or manager of a barge. 

bar'-ghest". A goblin. Toye-Fiend. 

bar'-i-tone. Deep-toned. Resonance-Xonresonance. 

bark. A short cry made by a dog or fox: a boat; cover 
of a tree. Conveyance-Vessel, Cover-Lining, 
Cry-Ululation, Mixture-Homogeneity; bark at, 

Charitableness - Menace, Uprightness - Dishon- 
esty; bark worse than bite, Presumption-Obsequi- 
ousness; more bark than bite, Charitableness- 

bar'-kan-tine. A sea-vessel. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bark'-bound". Having a hard bark which stops the 
growth of the tree. Release-Restraint. 

bar'-keep"-er. One who liquor over a bar. 


bar'-ley-corn. A grain of barley. Greatness-Lit- p 


Bar'-ley-corn, Sir John. A personification of liquors. 

Nutriment- Excretion. 

barm. Yeast. Heaviness-Lightness, Viscidity-Foam. 

bar'-mas"-ter. A local ju -.ig miners. Judge. 

Bar'-me-cide. Unreal; one who gives an imaginary 
feast. Fasting-Gluttony. 

bar'-mote. An English court having jurisdiction over 
controversies concerning groves, and the affairs of 
miners. Tribunal. 

barn. A stable; a grain-house. Dweller-Habitation. 

bar'-na-cles. Spectacles. Optical-Instruments. 

barn'-door-fowl". Any domestic fowl. Fauna-Flora. 

ba-rom'-e-ter. A weather gage Mensuration, Water- 
Air; consult the barometer, Trial. 

bar'-on. Title of nobility. Gentility-Democracy, 
Matrimony-Celibacy ; baron of the exchange, Judge; 
court baron, Tribunal. 

bar'-on-et. Next lower in rank to a baron. Gentil- 

bar'-on-et-cy. The rank of a baronet. Gentility- 

ba-ro'-ni-al. Relating to a barony. Selfrespect- 
Humbl e n 1 

bar'-on-ry. T] of a baron. Property. 

baroque [F.] (ba-roc'). Outlandish. Society - Ludi- 


bar'-o-scope. A kind of barometer. Water-Air. 
ba-rouche'. A can;. I . veyance-Vessel. 

barque. A boat. Conveyance-Vessel. 
bar'-rack. A soldier lodge. Dweller-Habitation. 
bar-ra-coon'. A slave pen. Attack-Defense. 
bar'-ra-try. Fraud committed by mariners. Up- 


barred. Closed. Crossing, Variegation. 

bar'-rel. A cask. Contents-Receiver, Roundness; 
barrel organ, Musical Instruments. 

bar'-ren. Unfruitful. Fertility-Sterility. 

bar'-ren-ness. Unfruitfulness. Fertility-Sterility. 

bar-ri-cade'. A fori Attack-Defense, En- 

sure, Obstruction-Help, Release-Prison. 

bar'-ri-er. A 1 fense Vttai i. I >i tense, Enclosure, 
Obstruction-] [elp, Release-Prison. 

bar'-ring. Exc< ing out. Addition-Subtrac- 

tion. Convention ai.ity-I'ncunvention at it y, In- 
clusion -( l ; ruction-Help; barring out, 
Insubordination - Obedience, Reprisal- Resist- 

bar'-ris-ter. A lawyer. Advocate; revising barrister, 

J l DGE. 

bar'-row. A mound; hand-carriage. Conveyance- 
Vessel, Funeral. Heigiit-Lown 

bar'-tend"-er. A barkeeper. Chiep-Underling. 

bar'-ter. To exchange. Alienation, Commutation- 
Permutation, Exchange, Interdependence. 

bar'-ti-zan. A turret. Architecture. 

bar'-way". A way closed by bars. Entrance-Exit. 

bar'-y-tone. A male voice. Reson ance-Nonresonance. 

fciis'-o/e-H [F.] (ba"-blu'). A literary woman. Schol- 
ar-Dunce, Society- Affectation. 

base. Mean; the bottom. Architecture. Bravery- 
Cowardice. Gentility-Democracy. Goodness- 
Badness, Presumption-Obsequiousness, Reputa- 
tion-Discredit, Suspension-Support. Top-Bot- 




tom. Uprightness-Dishonesty, Virtue-Vice; base 
born, Gentility-Democracy; base coin, Money; 
baseminded, Uprightness-Dishonesty; base note, 
Resonance-Nonresonance; base of operation, 
Attack-Defense, Design, Musical Instruments. 

base'-ball". A game. Entertainment-Weariness. 

bas'-e-lard. A dagger. Weapon. 

base'-ness. Turpitude. Bravery-Cowardice. Repu- 
tation-Discredit, Uprightness-Dishonesty. 

based. Supported. Based on. Evidence-Coun- 


base'-less. Without foundation. Entity-Nonentity, 

base'-ment. Cellar. Contents-Receiver, Height- 
Lowness, Top-Bottom. 

ba-shaw'. A Turkish ruler. Chief-Underling, 

bash'-ful. Shy. Conceit-Diffidence. 

bashi—bazouk [Turk.] (bash"-i-ba-zuk') . A skirmisher. 

ba-sil'-i-ca. A church. Fane. 

bas'-i-lisk. A fabulous serpent. Good man-Bad man, 
Rule-License, Sight-Blindness, Weapon. 

ba'-sin. A small vessel to hold water. Contents- 
Receiver, Convexity'-Concavity, Dweller-Hab- 
itation, Geology, Gulf-Lake. 

tia'-sis. Foundation. Preparation-Nonpreparation, 
Suspension-Support, Top-Bottom. 

bask. To lie in warmth. Heat-Cold, Pleasure-Pain, 
Sensuality-Suffering, Welfare-Misfortune. 

bas'-ket. A receptacle made of twigs. Contexts- 
Receiver; basket of, Contents-Receivi.k. 

bas'-re-lief". Sculpture, whose figures extend only a 
little above the base. Convexity-G jncavity, 

bass. Low; deep musical note. Music, Musical In- 
struments, Resonance-Nonresonance. 

bass'-drum". A musical instrument. Musical In- 

bas'-set-horn. A kind of clarionet. Musical In- 

bas'-si-net. A basket resembling and used for a cradle. 

bas-soon'. A musical wind-instrument. Musical In- 

basso— profunda [It.] (bas'-so-pro-fun'-do). The lowest 
b ;s. Resonance-Nonresonance. 

basso— rilievo [It.] (bas'-so-ri-lye'-vo) . Bas-relief. Con- 
vexity-Concavity, Sculpture. 

bass'-vi"-ol. A stringed instrument resembling a vio- 
lin, used for playing a bass part. Musical Instru- 

bas'-tard. A spurious child; base. Dueness-Undue- 
ness, Truthfulness-Fraud. 

baste. To beat; sew. Impetus-Reaction, Recom- 

Bas-tile'. An ancient prison in Paris. Release-Prison. 

bas-ti-na'-do. A beating with a stick. Recompense- 

bast'-ion. A mound of earth extending out from a 
rampart. Attack-] >i i 

bas-ton'. Molding. Architecture. 

bat. A. club. Impetus-Reaction, Weapon. 

batch. Quantity of anything made at one time. 
Gathering-Scattering, Quantii y-Measure. 

bate. Lessen. Addition-Subtraction, Incri \ 
, .1 , Price-Discount. 

ba-teau'. A long light river-boat. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bated-breath. Low. Enlightenment-Secrecy, Ex- 
pectation-Surprise, Humbleness, Loudness- 
Faintness, Self-respect, Vocalization-Muteness. 

bath. t.athing. Injection-Ejection, Water- 

Air; bath-room, Contents-Receiver; warm-bath, 


bath'-chair. A hand-chair for invalids. Convey- 

bathe. To wash in a bath. Injection-Ejection, 
Spring-Dive, Water-Air. 

ba-thom'-e-ter. An instrument 6 >r taking deep-sea 
soundings. Mensuration. 

ba'-thos. Anticlimax. Adage-Nonsense, Society- 


bat'-man. A man in charge of a horse carrying heavy 
military baggage. Provision- Waste. 

ba-ton'. A staff. Impetus-Reaction, Scepter. 

bat'-ta. Extra pay to troops. Recompense-Punition. 

bat-tal'-ia. Order of battle. Belligerent. 

bat-tal'-ion. A division of an army. Belligerent. 

bat'-ten. To feast. Nutriment-Excretion. 

bat'-ter. Dough; to beat down. Creation-Destruc- 
tion, Impetus-Reaction. 

bat'-ter-ed. Beaten. Betterment-Deterioration, 

batterie de cuisine [F.] (bat-ri' de ewi-zin'). Kitchen 
utensils. Fasting-Gluttony. 

bat'-ter-ing-ram. An engine for battering down walls. 
Impetus-Reaction, Weapon. 

bat'-ter-ing-train. A train of siege-guns. Weaton. 

bat'-ter-y. A raised work for cannon. Belligerent, 
Electricity, Weapon; floating battery, Belliger- 
ent; plant a battery, Attack-Defense. 

bat'-tle. A fight. Fighting-Conciliation, Strife- 
Peace; battle array, Fighting-Conciliation, Organ- 
ization-Disorganization, Preparation-Nonprep- 
aration; battle-ax,WEAPOx; battle-cry, Sign; battle- 
field, Lists; battle-ground, Lists, Variance-Accord; 
battle-ship, Belligerent: battle with, Antagonism- 
Concurrence, Fighting-Conciliation; half the 
battle, Consequence - Insignificance, Success- 
Failure; win the battle, Success-Failure. 

bat'-tle-dore"-and-shut'-tle-cock" . A flat bat ; a game. 
Commutation - Permutation, Entertainment- 

bat'-tle-ment. An indented parapet. Architecture, 
Attack-Defense, Index i a i ii in . 

bat-tol'-o-gize. To repeat. ' Recurrence. 

bat-tol'-o-gy. Repetition. Recurrence, Terseness- 

battre , ■tie [F.] ( la can'-pany'). To beat 

the bush. ' Adage-Nonsense, Excitabilit\--Inex- 
cit ability, Terseness-Prolixity. 

battre la t\v. rale [F.] (batr la zh£-ne-ral') . To beat 
the general. Alarm. 

battre I'eau avec un baton [F.] (batr lo a-vec' un' 
ba-ton-'). To beat the water with a stick. Useful- 

battre le fer sur I'enclume [F.] (batr le far sur lan - - 
clum'), To beat the iron on the anvil. Opportune- 
NESS-Ux suitableness. 

battre, ne que d'une aile[F.] (batr, ne ke dun el). The 
affair is in a bad way. Activity-Indolence. 

battre, se contre des moulins [F.] (batr, se con'tr de 
mu-lan'). To tight against bugbears. UsEFUL- 

battue [F.] (ba-tu'). The driving of game from cover. 
Attack-Defense, Quest-Evasion. 

bau'-ble. A trinket. Consequence-Insignificance, 

ba-var"-dage'. Idle chatter. Meaning-Jargon, 

bawd. A procuress. Purity-Rake. 

bawd'-y-house". A house of ill-repute. Purity-Im- 

bawl. Wail. Cry-Ui.ui.ation. 

bawn. An enclosure. Dweller-Habitation. 

bay. An inlet; to bark. Convexity-Concavity, Cry- 
Ululation, Gray-Brown, C.ulf-Lake; at bay, 
A i tack-Defense; Difficulty-Facility, Reprisal" 




Resistance, Security-Insei i i bay the moon, 

i ^-Ululatton, Qsefulness-Uselessness; bring 
to bay, Attai k-Defense. 
ba"-ya-dere'. A dancing girl of Hindustan. I. 


bay'-ard. A hand-barrow; a hoi ( onveyer. 

■:, illeS [[•'.} (lji'-yr' o , .11-11. i) 'i | 

at the crow. 1. REFLECTION^ I 

bay'-o-net. A dagger-like weapon atta. 

Attack-Defense, Life-Killing, Wi at the 

point of the bayonet, Coercion, Fighting i 
aci. in', Harshness-Mildness, Turb ilm- 

ness; crossed bayonets, Antagonism Con< 

bays. A . li ii h. Trophy-Title. 

bay win'-dow. Projecting window. Ai 

ba-zaar'. A fancy fair. Market. 

B.C. Before Christ. DuRATION-NeverNI 

be. Exist. Entity-Nonentity; be all and end all, 
Con equence - Insignificance, Purpi 
Whole-Part; be it so, \ '< • ent; 

be off, Admission-Expulsion, Arrival-Departure, 
Observance-Nonobservani Qi i st-Evasion; be 
that as it may, Compensation. 

beach. A shore. Ocean-Land. 

bea'-con. A signal fire Sign, Warning. 

bead. A perforated ball. Roundni 

bead'-house". A pa house. D 

ler-Habi r a 1 1 

bea'-dle. A court off] townol icial. Clergy- 

I. ■ : i ■ I \ ruRE, Pi i Stopper. 

bea'-dle-dom. Petty officialism. Rule-Licen 

bead'-roll". A rosary. Devoti in [dolatry, 
Laity, Record. 

beads. A rosary. Tell one's beads, Ceremonial, 

beads'-man. A resident of an almshou i ( 
U iderling, Ministry-Laity. 

beads'-wom"-an. An almswoman. Chief-TJndi r 

bea'-gle. A In mnd I ■ Fi >ra. 

beak. The bill o 


beak'-er. A wide mouthed goblet; a chemii 

iistry, Contents-Receiver. 
beam. Ray of light; a bar; to shine. ; 


pension-Support; on beam ends, As tonishmen 


traposition, Might-Impotence, Sui 
beam'-ing. Shining. Beauty-1 I Dark- 

beam'-y. Radiant. Beauty-Ugliness. 

bear. Sustain; produce; suffer; press. Em 

citabilii .' - [nexcitability, Possibility - Impo 
bility, Suspension-Support, Transfer: bear a 
hand, Action-Pa bear a sense, M 

J a room; bear away, I bear 

away the bell, Goo ; 

: bear company, Duality; bear down, 
lence-Calmness; bear down upon, Attack 
fense; bear false witness, Adulation-Di 
ment, Truthfulnj id; bear fruit, C 

TION-Destruction, Success-Fa: 
; Welfare-Misfortune; bear hard 

upon, Good I!ad\-ess: bear harmless, A 

I 1 - bear ill, Excitability-Inexcitab 

bear off, Aim-Aberration, Taking-Restiti i 
bear on, Suspension-Si pport; bear out, E 
Coi mterevidence, Justification-Charge; bear 
pain, Pleasure-Pain- : bear the brunt, Attack-De- 
fense, Difficulty-Facility, Excitability-Inex- 
citability; bear the burden, i > ci pation; bear the 
palm, Supremacy-Subordinacy; bear through. 
Struction-Help; bear up, Ai leviai iava- 

tion. Approach-Withdrawal, Braver 1 

i i . Lightheartedness-Di Persistence- 

Whim: bear up against, Bravery-Cowardice, Re- 

lNCE; bear upon, < I 

pen hence, Dominance-Impotence, 1 Ear m 
cord; bear with, Excitabili i ability, 

Harshni ess, Leave-Prohibition, Par- 

don-Vindictiveness; bring to bear, I e-Disuse; 
more than flesh and blood can bear, Excitation; 
unable to bear, Desire-Distaste, Excitability- 
bear. A wild beast; depressor of stocks. Charitable- 
■ ILENCE, L ' PI I'AL, Polii i • 

Impoliteness; bear-garden, Lists, ■rity- 

Irregularity, Variance- Accord; bear-leader, In- 
structor-Pupil; bear-pit, Domestication-Agi :- 
culture; bearskin, Dress-Undress; had it been a 
bear it would have bitten you, IIef.d-Disregard. 
bear'-a-ble. Toleral s-Faultiness. 

beard. The hair on a man's face; to meet face to 
Defiance, Lamp I 
sumption-Obsequiousness, Sharpness-Blunt- 
hness-Roughness; pluck by the beard, 
Regard- Disrespect. 
beard'-less. Without a beard. Infancy-Age. 
bear'-er. Carrier. Conveyer. 
bear'-ing. Endurance; deportment; connccti. i 
Aim Aberration, Conduct, Coni 
Independence, Meaning-J argon, Suspension-Sup- 
, , bearing-rein, Release-Prison. 
bear'-ings. General tendency; mien; produ< 

mi ion-Situation, Position, Sign. 
bcar'-ish. Surly. Favorite-Mi ess. 

bear'-ish-ness. Roughness. F a vo rite-Mo rose n ess. 
beast. An animal; a brutal person. Clean- 
Filthiness, Fauna-Flora, Politeness-Impoi 
ness; beast of burden, Agent, Conveyer. 
beast-ly. B Cleanness-Filthiness. 

beat. Strike; excel throb. Agitation, 

Drumming, Extension-District, Friabil- 
. Impetus-] iton, Periodi. 

\rity, Recompense-Punition, 
ure, Supremacy-Subordina 
Sm ,, Way, Vibration; beat about, 

Trial; beat about the bush, 
Circuit, Rat: 

Trial, Tri I 

beat against, Anta 

1 beat a retreat, Adv.' 

Yielding ; bcr,t 
down, Creation I 


: beat into, i, ; beat of 

drum, Alarm, Fighting-Con iliation, Musi 
Order. Pomp, Publicity; beat off, Attack-De- 
beat one's breast, Jubilation-Lamentatiox; 
beat the air, Usefulni ess; beat time, 

Chi: -Anachronism, Musician; beat up. 

cidity-Foam; beat up against, Antagoi 

ren e; beat up for. : beat up 

for recruits, Obstruction-!] > 

preparation: beat up one's quarters, In\^ 
Ans i ability-Privacy; without beat of drum, 


beat'-en-track". Usual course. Habit-Di 
Way; leave the beaten track, Convent: 

inventionality; tread the beaten track, I 

beati [1. • [), The happy. ;; . ;:;icre 

beah[L.] ten-yu-i'-ri bi-e'-tai) . The ha 

hold the middle course. Medium, Midcourse-Cir- 

be-at'-ic. Ecstatic. Pi easure-Pain. 
be"-a-tif'-ic. Blissful. Heaven-Hell, Pi.i : 




be-at"-i-fi-ca'-tion. The act of blessing. Godliness- 

be-at'-i-fied. Made happy. Emotion. 

beat-'ing high, the heart. Excited. Excitation. 

be-at'-i-tude. Supreme felicity. Pleasure-Pain. 

beau [F.] (bo). A lover; a fop. Love-Hate, Male- 
Female, Society-Dandy. 

beau'-catch"-er. A small flat curl worn by women on 
the temple. Circle-Winding, Embellishment- 

beau"-i-de'-al. Highest type of beauty or excellence. 
Bea uty-Ugliness, Faultlessness-Faultiness. 

beau monde [F.] (bo raon'd). The fashionable world. 

beau'-te-ous. Lovely. Beauty-Ugliness. 

beau'-ti-fied . Adorned. Embellishment-Disfigure- 
ment, Simplicity-Floridness. 

beau'-ti-ful. Lovely. Beauty-Ugliness, Propor- 

beau'-ti-fy. To adorn. Beauty-Ugliness, Embel- 

beau'-ti-fy"-ing. Adorning. Beauty-Ugliness. 

beau'-ti-less. Without beauty. Beauty-Ugliness. 

beau'-ty. Loveliness. Beauty-Ugliness. 


Beauty. That quality of objects that appeals to and gratifies the 

esthetic faculty. 
Beauty unadorned. Native beauty without decorations. 
Belle tournure [F.]. Beautiful form. 
Bloom. A state of development into beauty. 
Brilliancy. Glitter. 

Ca aesthetics. The science of the perception of beauty. 
Charm. The power to p/ease or allure. 

Comeliness. Quality of being pleasing in person or manner. 
Concinnity. Internal fitness of parts. 

Decoration, etc. External embellishment. See Embellishment 
Delicacy. State of being delicate. 
Elegance. State of being elegant. 
Fairness. The quality of being fair. 
Form. Outward appearance. 
Gloss. Brightness of surface. 

Good looks' J Q uality of heing pleasing in appearance. 

Gorgeousness. State of being gorgeous. 

Grace. Beauty or harmony of attitude; ease or elegance of speech. 

Je }te sais quoi [F.]. I know not what; indefinable charm. 

Le beau ideal [F.]. The ideal of beauty. 

Magnificence. State of being magnificent or grand in appearance. 

Pleasurableness. State or quality of giving pleasure. See Pleasur- 


Polish. Refinement of manners. 
Pulchritude. Physical beauty or charm. 
Radiance. Quality of being radiant or brilliant. 
Refinement. Delicacy of manners; freedom from coarseness- 
Splendor. Pomp; magnificence. 
Style. Mode of action approved as elegant. 
Sublimification. Act of making sublime or beautiful 
Sublimity. State of being sublime 

Symmetry, etc. Mutual adaptation or correspondence of parts, etc. 
See Proportion. 

Beauty — Denotations. 

Adonis. A youth beloved of Venus for his beauty. 

Antinous. Favorite of the Emperor Hadrian. 

Apollo. One of the great gods of the Greeks, whose figure is regarded 
as the most perfect representation of youthful manhood. 

Bijou [F.]. A jewel. 

Butterfly. An insect having beautifully colored wings. 

Cupid. The god of love, represented as a beautiful winged boy. 

Flower. A plant bearing beautifully colored blossoms. 

Flow'ret gay. A colored flower. 

Flower of. The best or choicest of. 

Garden. A place where flowers are cultivated. 

Hebe. The goddess of youth. 

Houri. One of the beautiful damsels who, according to the Moslem 
faith, dwell in paradise. 

Hyperion. The sun-god, the incarnation of light and beauty. 

Jewel. Anything beautiful or precious. 

Lily. A beautiful snow-white flower. 

Narcissus. A youth fabled to have fallen in love with his own reflec- 
tion and changed into the flower of the same name. 

Peacock. A fowl noted for its brilliant plumage. 

Peri. A fairy or elf. 

Pink of. The most beautiful part of. 

Rose. A variety of beautifully colored flowers. 

The beautiful. The ideal of beauty. 

The Graces. Thr i i embodying gra< e, beauty, and 

Venus. Goddess of love and beauty. 

Work of art. A masterpiece of beauty. 

Beauty — Nouns of Cause, 

Beautifying. The act of making beautiful. 

Calisthenics. The science of bodily exercise for the promotion > f 
beauty and strength. 

Acomia. Absence of hair. 

Deformity. Having an unnatural form. 

Disfigurement, etc. See Embellishment-Disfigurement. 

Distortion. State of being twisted out of the right shape. See 

Forbidding aspect. Repulsive appearance. 

Forbidding countenance. Unpleasant or repulsive appearance. 

Hanging look. A look which should bespeak the halter for its pos- 

Inconcinnity. Lack of internal fitness. 

Inelegance. Lack of grace or refinement. 

Squalor, etc. The state of being filthy, etc. See Cleanness* 

Ugliness. The quality of being ugly or unsightly. 

Vinegar aspect. A sour look. 

Want of symmetry. 

Wry face. A distorted expression. 

Ugliness — Denotations. 
JEsop. The writer of ^Esop's fables, said to have been ugly and 

Baboon. An ugly species of monkey. 
Caliban. An uncouth monster in Shakespeare's Tempest, 
Eyesore. Anything ugly or repulsive in appearance. 
Figure. The appearance that a person or his conduct makes. 
Fright. Anything very repulsive in appearance. 
Hag. An ugly old woman. 
Harridan. An ill-tempered old woman. 
Monster. Anything hideous. 
Object. Anything that attracts attention on account of its unusual 

Satyr. An ugly woodland deity of the Greeks. 

Scarecrow. An object set up to frighten birds from growing crops. 
Sight. Something strange or remarkable. 
Specter. A phantom of the dead. 
Toad. An ugly amphibious animal. 
Witch. An ugly, malignant old woman. 

Ugliness— I 
Be ugly, etc. See Adjectives. 

Blemish. To mar. See Betterment-Deterioration. 
Deface. To mar the external appearance. 

TV fi * i *^° cnan £ e f° r * ne worse the figure. 

Distort. To twist out of shape. 

Grin horrible a ghastly smile. [Milton, Paradise Lost,\\, 846.] 

Look ill. To be displeasing to the sight; to look sick. 

Make faces. Grimace. 

Render ugly. Disfigure. 

Soil. To make dirty. 

Ugliness- Adjectives. 
Awkward. Lacking grace in bearing. 
Bald. Devoid of hair. 
Beautiless. I city. 

Cadaverous. Looking like a human corpse. 

Clumsy. I gra ity. 

Crooked, etc. Not straight, e1 I roportion-Deformity 

Curtailed of its fair proportions. 

Death-like. Looking Hkc death. 

Dingy, etc. Dusky in color, el eeC lor-Achromat] 

Discolored. Changed in color. 

Disfigured,''. Marred as to figure, etc See Verbs. 

Dumpy, etc. Short and thick, etc. See Length-Shortness, 

Evil-favored. Not having a [ \ appearance. 

Forbidding. Repulsive in a] pearance. 

Foul, eti I to the senses, etc. See Ci.kannlss-F:lth1- 

■ 1 
Frightful. Causing alarm. 





In accord with the ru 

BEAUTY— Nouns op Cause— Continued. 

Landscape gardening. The art ut grounds so i 

an artistic effect. 

Beauty — Verbs. 
Beam. To give forth rays of light. 
Beautify. To make beautiful. 
Be beautiful. See Adjectives. 

Become one. To look well on a person. See Harmi 
I Bloom. To display health and vigor. 
Burnish. To make smooth and 

Gild To heighten the beauty of. See Simplicity-Florid*, i 
Grace. To honor by an act of favor. 
Polish. To rub off the coarseness. 
Render beautiful. 
Set off. To adorn. 
Set out. To embellish. 
Shine. To appear bright. 

Snatch a grace beyond the reach of art. [P < 


Beauty — Adj'tt U 

Esthetic. Relating to beauty S e 

Artistic. I 

Artistical. i 

Attractive, etc Having pov to a rivs. 

Beaming. Giving forth light. 

Beamy. Radiant . 

Beauteous. Full of beauty. 

Beautiful. Possessing great beauty. 

Becoming, etc. Fitting; suitable t , etc. i Harmony 

Blooming. Having beauty and vigor. 

Bonny. Possessing homelike beauty. 

Bright-eyed. Having brilliant eyes; hence beautiful. 

Brilliant. Resplendent with luster. 

Cherry-cheeked. Having red cheel 

Comely. Handsome. 

Curious. Skilfully wrought. 

Dainty. Of delicate structure. 

Dapper. Trim in appearance. 

Dazzling. Exciting admiration by display. 

Delicate. Of refined and gentle nature. 

Elegant. Having acquired grace and beauty. 

Enchanting. Having powei I fas ina.1 . tee Plbasurablenbss 

Esthetic. Relating to beauty; artistic. 

Fair. Agreeable to the sight. 

Fait a peindre [F.]. Picturesque. 

Fine. Finished; hence beautiful. 

Fit to be seen. Pleasing or fitted to the sight. 

Gimp. Smart. 

Glossy. Smooth and bright. 

Glowing. Shining with intense heat. 

Good looking. Handsome. 

Goodly. Of agreeable appears 

Gorgeous. Making a gn a.1 

■Graceful. Exhibiting beaut 1 / 

Grand. Imposing on account of vastness 

Handsome. Admirabli : pleasing ip '.ranee. 

Harmonious. Symmetrical. See Color. 

In full bloom. At the height of beauty. 


' Of an affected manner. 

Jaunty. J 

Jimp. Handsome. 

Lovely. Inspiring love. 

Magnificent. Of imposing appearance. 

Natty. Neat. 

Neat. Free from disorder. 

Not amiss. Pretty fair. 

Ornamental. Serving to ornament. 

Passable. Fairly good looking. 

Personable. Having a handsome person. 

Pictorial. Like a picture. 

Picturesque. Having the kind of beauty that is pleasing inai 

Pretty. Possessing delicate or diminutive beauty. 

Proper. Of a correct or becoming appearance. 

Quaint. Curiously fashioned. 

Refined. Having a delicate polish. 

Resplendent. Refulgent with bright luster. 

Rich. Highly endowed with beauty. 

Rosy. Like a rose in color. 

Rosy-cheeked. Ruddy. 

Ruddy. Reddish in color, indicating health. 

Seemly. Becoming in appear "ai 

Shapely. Having a good form. 

UGLINESS — Adjectives — Continued. 

Gaudy, etc. Showy, etc. See Color. 

Gaunt, etc. Emaciated in looks, etc. See Breadth-Narrow- 
s' ess. 
Gawky. Ungainly in appearance. 
Ghastly. Having a ghost-like appearance. 
Ghost-like. Resembling a ghost. 
Graceless. Lacking grace. 
Grim. Having a forbidding aspect. 

Grimlrtagrf. f Ugly a " d dreadful. 

Grisly. Frightful ; fear-inspiring. 

Gross. Not refined. 

Gruesome. Horrid. 

Haggard. Having wasted features. 

Hard-favored. Not good looking. 

Hard-featured. Possessing unattractive features. 

Hard-visaged. Having a harsh expression. 

Hideous. Frightful to look upon. 

Homely, etc. Not handsome. See Embellishment-Simplicity. 

Horrible. Exciting fear or dread. 

Horrid. Fitted to awaken horror. 

Hulky" 8 ' } Clum *y. 

Ill-favored. Lacking beauty. 

Ill-looking. Ugly. 

Ill-made. Not well formed. 

Ill-proportioned. In bad proportion. 

Ill-shaped. Poorly shai 

Inartistic. Not according to the standards of art. 

Inelegant. Not elegant. 

Lumbering. Clumsy. 

Lumping. Possessing great bulk. 

Lumpish. Lacking in motive power. 

Misproportioned. Out of proportion. 

Misshapen. Badly formed. 

Monstrous. Of extraordinary ugliness. 

Not fit to be seen. 

Odious. Exciting disgust. 

Ordinary. Undistinguished for beauty. 
Plain. Devoid of adornment. 
Repellent. Tending to repel. 
Repulsive. Exciting dislike, disgust, horror, etc. 
Rickety. Shaky; tottering. 
Rough. Void of refinement; rude. 
Rude. Lacking polish, refinement or delicacy. 
Rugged. Unkempt; disordered. 
Seemless. Not becoming. 

Shapeless, etc. Void of regular form, etc. See Form-Formless- 
Shocking, etc. Very rep See I'i.rasurableness-Pain- 


Sightless. Repulsive to the e 

Slouching. Having an ungainly manner. 

Squalid, :ht on account of filth. 

Stiff. Star* he 1, c< instrai 

Ugly. tiful. 

Ugly as a dead monkey. 

Ugly as a scarecrow. 

Ugly as a toad. 

Ugly as sin. 

Unbeauteous. Not beauteous. 

Unbeautiful. Lacking bea 

Uncanny. Devoid of pleasing quaii 1 

Uncomely. Not comely. 

Uncouth. Characterized by awkwardness. 

Ungainly. Lacking dexterity or skill. 

Ungraceful. Not graceful. 

Unlovely. I '.ike. 

Unornamental. Not ornamental. 

Unprepossessing. Not inviting favor or confidence. 

Unseemly. Not becoming. 

Unshapely. Having a bad form. 

Unsightly. Not pleasing to the sight. 

Unwieldy. Not easily managed on account of bulk. 

Ugliness — Phrases. 

Monsirum hcrrev.duyv , informe, ingens.cui lumen adewptum [L.]. A 
horrid monster, ill-formed, gigantic, blind. [Virgil. .Ef.eid, iii. 

Sprette injuria format [L.]. The insult of slighted beauty. 

ely ugly. 




BEAUTY — Adjectives — Continued. 

Shining. Conspicuous for pleasing qualities. 

Showy. Of an appearance that attracts attention. 

Sightly. Pleasing to look upon. 

Sleek. Smooth; glossy. 

Smart. Sprucely dressed; showy. 

Sparkling. Very bright. 

Specious. Pleasing to the view. 

Splendid. Of an imposing appearance. 

Spotless, etc. Without blemish, etc. See Favltlessness. 

Spruce. Neat and trim in appearance. 

Sublime. Awe-inspiring and elevating. 

Superb. Possessing impressive beauty. 

Symmetrical, etc. Having symmetry, etc. See Proportion. 

Ycdi Xapoli, e pot mitori [It.]. See Naples, and die. 

Tidy. Distinguished by neat:. i 

Tight. Neat. 

Tricksy. Crafty; artful. 

Trim. Nicely adjusted. 

TJndefaced. Not marred. 

TJndeformed. Of a good form. 

Unspotted. Without spot or blemish. 

Well-composed. Of good carriage. 

Well-favored. Endowed with beauty. 

Well-formed. Having a pood form. 

Well-grouped. Nicely arranged. 

Well-proportioned. Having a symmetrical form. 

Well-varied. Pit seining a pleasing diversity. 

Beauty — Phrase. 

bea'-ver. A small rat-like animal; a hat made of its 
fur. Dress-Undress. 

be-calm'. To make still. Movement-Rest. 

be-calmed'. Stilled. Movement-Rest. 

be-cause'. For; since. Cause-Effect, Investiga- 
tion-Answer, Motive-Caprice, Ratiocination- 
Instinct, Rationale-Luck. 

be-chance'. Happen. Occurrence-Destiny. 

beck. A brook; nod. Order, River-Wind. Sign: at 
one's beck, Insubordination-Obedience, Obstruc- 

beck'-on. To notify by nod. Motive-Caprice, Order, 

be-cloud'. Darken. Enlightenment-Secrecy, Light- 

be-come'. Be worthy of; grace; grow to be. Conver- 
sion, Duty-Dereliction, Harmony-Discord; be- 
come of, Occurrence-Destiny. 

be-com'-ing. Beginning to be; appropriate. Beauty- 
Ugliness, Dueness-Undueness. Embellishment- 
Disfigurement, Harmony-Discord, Propriety- 

be-crip'-ple. Make lame. Might-Impotence. 

bed. A couch to sleep on; the bottom of a stream; a 
layer; a foundation. Contents-Receiver, Domes- 
tication-Agriculture, Lamina-Fiber, Matri- 
mony-Celibacy, Suspension-Support; bedchamber, 
Contents-Receiver; bedfellow, Friend-Foe; bed- 
gown, Dress-Undress; bedmaker, Chief-Under- 
ling; bedmate, Friend-Foe; bed of down, Toil- 
Relaxation; bed of roses, Sensuality-Suffering, 
Welfare-Misfortune ;bedquilt, Cover-Lining; bed- 
ridden, Health -Sickness ; bedroom, Contents- 
Receiver; bed-sore, Remedy-Bane; bedstead, Sus- 
pension-Support; bedtime, Morning -Evening; 
brought to bed, Creation-Destruction; death-bed, 
Life-Death; go to bed, Activity-Indolence, 
Movement-Rest; keep one's bed, Health-Sickness; 
put to bed with a shovel, Life-Funeral; smooth 
the bed of death, Obstruction-Help. 

be-dark'-en. Make dark. Light-Darkness. 

be-daub'. Soil. Cleanness-Filthiness, Cover-Lining. 

be-daz'-zle. Confuse. Light-Darkness. 

bed'-ding. The furnishings for a bed. Suspension- 

be-deck'. Adorn! Embellishment-Disfigurement. 

be'-del. A beadle. Judicature. 

bedes'-man. A resident of an almshouse. Chief- 
Underling, Ministry-Laity. 

be-dev'-il. Bewilder; bewitch. Devotion-Magic, Or- 

be-dev'-il-ment. Witchcraft. 1 >evotion-Magic. 

be-dew'. To moisten. Dampness-Dryness. 

be-dight. Adorn. Embellishment- 1)is figure mint. 

be-dim'. Darken. Dimness, Light-Darkness. 

be-diz'-en. Adorn with tawdry splendor. Color- 
Achromatism, Embellishment - Disfiguremi nt, 

be-diz'-ened. Dressed out. Taste-Vulgarity. 

bed'-lam. A frenzied crowd; madhouse. Bedlam broke 
loose, Regularity-Irregularity; candidate forBed- 
lam, Saneness-Maniac. 

bed'-lam-ite. A lunatic. Saneness-Maniac. 

Bed'-ou-in. A nomadic Arab; vagabond. Robber. 

be'-dwarf. Make smaller. Enlargement- Diminu- 

bee. A four-winged insect. Agent; bee in a bottle, 
Crash-Drumming; bee in one's bonnet, Saneness- 
Lunacy; beeswax, Viscidity-Foam; swarm like bees. 

beef. The flesh of any adult bovine animal. Xutri- 
me nt-Excretion. 

beef'-eat"-er. A yeoman of the British sovereign's 
guard. Belligerent. 

beef'-head"-ed. Thick-headed. Sagacity"-Incapacity. 

beef-steak". A slice of beef broiled or ready for 
broiling. Xutriment-Excretion. 

beef'-wit"-ted. Heavy-witted. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

beef'-y. Fat; heavy. Heaviness-Lightness. 

Be-el'-ze-bub. The devil. Angel-Satan. 

beer. An intoxicant. Nutriment-Excretion. 

beer'-y. Like beer. Teetotalism-Intemperance. 

beet. The root of a biennial herb. Nutriment- 

bee'-tle. Any coleopterous insect; to jut out. Con- 
vexity-Concavity, Height-Lowness; beetle head, 
Sage-Fool; blind as a beetle, Sight-Blindness; 
Colorado beetle, Benefactor-Evildoer. 

bee'-tling. Jutting. Height-Lowness. 

be-fall'. Happen. Occurrence-Destiny. 

be-fit'. Become; be suitable for. Dueness-Undue- 
ness, Duty-Dereliction, Harmony-Discord, Pro- 

be-fit'-ting. Suitable. Dueness-Undueness, Pro- 

be-fog'. To obscure; bewilder. Enlightenment- 

be-fool'. Gull; outwit. Saneness-Lunacy, Truth- 

be-fooled'. Victimized. Success-Failure. 

be-fore'. In front of ; prior to; in preference to. Ante- 
cedence-Sequence, Anteriority - Posteriority, 
Choice-Neutrality, Leading-Following, Pre- 
cedence-Succession, Presence-Absence; before 
Christ, Duration-Neverness; before long, Earli- 
ness-Lateness; before mentioned, Antecedence- 
Sequence, Precedent! Si ci ession; before now, 
Future-Past; before one's eyes, Manifestation- 
Latency, Visibility-Invisibility ; before one's time, 
Earliness-Lateness; set before one, Manifesta- 

be-fore'-hand". In advance; in easy circumstances. 
Antei i in mi i - Si qui hi i . Lateness, 
Prevision; resolve beforehand, Predetermination- 
Impi i si 

be-foul'. Kinder impure. Cleanness-I'ii. i hiness. 




be-friend'. To help; to treat as a friend. Amity- 
IlosiiLiTv, Obstruction-Hi i I 

be'-fud"-dle. To become confused, as from liq 

beg. A Turkish governor of a town; to entreat; to 
ask alms. Chief-Underling, Petit j on- Expostu- 
lation; beg leave, Leave-Prohibitk I .ion- 
Expostulation; beg one's bread, Petition-Expos- 
tulation; beg one's life, Compassion-Ruthless- 
ness; beg pardon, Atoni ment, Pardon-Vindictive- 
ness, Repentance-Obduracy; beg the question, 
to assume an answer without proof in <.!■ : 

be-get'. Generate. Creation - 1) estri- in > 

beg'-gar. One who asks alms. AFFLUENCE-PENURY, 
Go utility-Democracy , Petitioner, Repui ation- 
Discredit; beggar description, to be indi 


conventionality; beggar my neighbor, Enter- 
tainment-Weariness; sturdy beggar, Robber. 

beg'-gared. Bankruj t. A -Penury 


beg'-gar-ly. Mean; poor. Afi luence-Pen 
SEQUENCE-lNSIGNIFK AN( I-. *'i ntility-Demoi 
Presumption-Obsequiousni>-, Repui a 
credit; beggarly account of empty boxes, 
ence-Penury, Excess-Lack. 

heg'-gar-y. Penury. Afpluence-Penury. 

beg'-ging. Asking' earnestly. Petition-Ex i ostula- 
tion; begging letter, Petition-E g° 

a begging, Excess-Lack, Liberty-Si . Pe- 

tition-Expostulation, Pro ii er-Refi sal, Use- 


be-gilt'. Made yellow like gold. Embeli 


be-gin'. * ence. Beginning-End, Enterprise; 

begin again, Recurrence. 
be-gin'-ner. A foun»l< i , mng-End, 


be-gin'-ning. Origin; thi ■■: gin- 



Beginning. Something begun; a start. 
Border. The outer edge Boa der. 

Commencement. The first existence. 

F ] The first ait. 
Elements. The first principles in any study. 
Entrance. The act of entering upon or beginning. 
Entry. The act of beginning. 
First blush. Firs) thought. 
First glance. First 1 iok, 

First impression. First effect on the senses. 
First move. First atti 
First sight. First glance. 
First stage. Beginning. 
Fresh start. New attempt. 
Genesis. The act of originating. 

Germ. The ii i i of anything. See Cause 

Head. Set division n a discourse; title. 
Heading. A caption, title or the like. 
Inauguration. The act of. formally setting in i | eration. 
Inception. The act of commencing. 
Inchoation. The act or state of beginning. 
Incipience. Encepl 
Initiative. The first move. 
Introduction. The act of introducing. 
New departure. Unusual course. 
Onset. A commencement. 
Opening. The beginning. 
Origin. The t anything. 

Outbreak. A sadden bursting forth. 
Outset. A starting. 
Rise. The a I ..ting. 

Rudiment. The first principle of anything. 
Rudiments. First principles. 
Skirt. '1'he border or edge. 

Source. That from which something emanates. 
Start. The act of going forth; the beginning. 
Beginning — Denotations. 
ABC. The first three letters of the alpl ab t. 
Alpha. The first letter of tin Gn abet. 

Alphabet. The simple t rudii i 
Birth. The beginning of life. 

Brunt. The utmost violence, marking the beginning of destr' 
Bud. A small growth containing th< ts of future lea* 

Chops. The land on each sid of thi a river. 

Grammar. The elementary pr ncip'cs of a science. 
Infancy. The earliest period of life. 
Initial. The first letter Of a word. 
Inlet. The beginning or opening of a passape. 
Lips. The fleshy folds which surround the the mouth. 

Mouth. The beginning of the alimentary canal. 
Nativity. Birth. 

Orifice. An opening into a passage. 
Outlines. The lines which mark the outer limits. 
Porch. A covered entrance to a building. 
Portal. An opening or gate. 
Portico. An entrance to a building. 
Postern. A small door or gate. 

Break up. The cndiir- n, as of an assembly. 

Close. The ending. 

Comnumeenu >:'. ..'< ta , n [F , ing of the tnd. 

Conclusion. The final part. 

Consummation. g finished. 

Desinence. The closing. 

Destination. The . at. 

Determination. Bringing to a close. 

End. The termination i r closi 

End of all things. 

Expiration. The act or state of expiring. 

Expiry. A coming to a < 

Extreme. The ull [mate 

Extremity. The i e point or] art. 

Finale. The end or ten [nati 

Finality. The state of being i 

Finis [L.]. The end or t ■■■ 

Finish, etc. The concluding i Cohpli 

Last. The close. 

Last stage. The conch; 

Limit. That which set: a 

Termination. The act of closing. 

nus [L.]. The close or termination. 
Turning point. The critical Oi . *-. ge is 

effect', d 

End — Denotations. 
bouche [F.]. A fin; I idbit. 

Butt end. The ... 

ce [F.]. The 
Crack of doom. 
Day of Judgment. The I 
Denouement [F.]. The ■ 
Death. See Life-Death. 
Doom. Final judgment. 
Fag-end. The end oi the p< orer qua 
Fall of the curtain, life. 

Fate. The final lot. 
Gable end. The end wall of a building. 
Goal. End or aim of work or effort. 
Nib. Sharp end of a pen. 
Omega. Last letter of the Greek alphabet. 
Period. The point marking the end of a sentence. 
Peroration. Final part of an orati 
Point. The sharp end. 
Tag. The close of an actor's s- 
Tail. See Anteriority-Posteriority. 
Tail-end. The last 

End — Noun c l Agent. 
Death blow. at brings life to an end. 

End — Verbs. 
Achieve. To bring to a success I 
Be all over. To be finished. 
Bring to an end. See A 
Close. To bring to a completion. 
Come to a close. See Nouns. 




BEGINNING — Denotations — Continued. 
An entrance to a building. 


Starting-point. See Arrival-Departure 

Title-page. The first page of a book. 

Threshold. The place or point of entering or beginning. 

Van, etc. See Anteriority. 

Vestibule. A place of opening. 

Wicket. A small gate. 

Beginning — Phrases. 
Narrow end of the wedge. 
Thin end of the wedge. 

Beginning — Figurative Nouns. 
Cradle. The earliest period of life. 
Dawn. See Morning. 
Egg. That which contains the germ. 
Embarkation. Act of beginning a voyage. 
he premier pas [F.]. The first step. 
Rising of the curtain. The beginning of an act or scene. 

Beginning — Verbs. 
Air. To expose for the sake of notice. 

Apply the match to a train. To start work or put in motion. 
Arise. To begin to exist; to spring up. 
Begin. To start; to commence. 

Begin ab ovo. To begin from the egg or the beginning. 
Begin again. Begin anew. 

Begin at the beginning. Begin at the starting-point. 
Begin de novo. Begin anew. 
Break cover. To come out of concealment. 
Burst forth. To emerge suddenly. 
Break ground. To begin a foundation for a building. 
Break out. To force out by breaking. 
Break the ice. To master the difficulties of the first intercourse 

between strangers. 
Broach. To bring to notice for the first time. 

Come into existence. I „ 

„ t" ., , , f Begin existence. 

Come into the world.' 

Commence. To make a start. 

Conceive. To think out. 

Crop up. To show itself above the surface. 

Cross the Rubicon. To take the decisive step. 

Cut the first turf. Start. 

Dawn. To start to expand. 

Embark in. To adventure upon. 

Enter. To pass in. 

Enter upon. To engage in. 

Found. To establish or lay the foundation of. See Cause. 

Head. To take the lead. 

Handsel. To do for the first time with a view to a fortunate outcome. 

Inaugurate. To make a formal beginning. 

Initiate. To make a start. 

Launch. To start anything going, as a ship. 

Lay the first stone. Begin building, etc. 

Lay the foundations. See Preparation. 

Lead off. To make the beginning. 

Lead the way. To act as a guide by going first. 

Make a beginning. "| 

Make a fresh start. > Begin. 

Make a start. ) 

Make one's dtbut. To take the first step or enter upon something 

for the first time. 

Open. To commence. 

END — Continued. 

END— Verbs 
To bring to a finish. 

Open fire. 

( Ip'Tl. 

Open the ball.) 

Open the door to. j G opportunity . 

Open up. i 

^Originate. To cause to exist. 

Pass the Rubicon. To take the decisive step. 

Recommence. To begin again. 

Resume. To lake up again. 

Rise. To make a beginning. 

Set about. To begin. 

Set abroach. To tap 

Set agoing. To start. 

Set in. To commence. 

Set on foot. To start going. 

Set out. To begin something, as a journey or career. 

Set the ball in motion. To make the start. 
Set to work. To begin work. 
Set up. To begin or found. 

See Ark i* 



Determine. To make an end. 

Die. To cease to live. 

Draw to a close. See Nouns. 

End. To close or finish. 

Expire. To end life. 

Finish. To come to an end. 

Get through. To complete. 

Have run its course. To come to a close. 

Make an end of. Finish. 

Pass away. To expire. 

Put an end to. Close. 

Run out. To come to an end. 

Shut up shop. To quit business. 

Terminate. To end. 

En d — .4 djectives . 
At an end. Finished. 
Caudal. Pertaining to the tail. 

Conclusive. Marking the close. 

Conterminable. Ending at the same time or place. 

Conterminate. Having the same limits. 

Conterminous. Having common bounds- 
Crowning, etc. Marking the end. See Completion. 

Decided. Not admitting of question. 

Definite. Having fixed limits. 

Ended. See Verbs. 

Ending. See Verbs. 

Final. Marking the end or close. 

Fresh. Recently produced; marked by newness. 

Hindermost. Furthest back. 

Last. Coming after all the rest. 

Last but one. Penultimate. 

Last but two, etc. Antepenultimate, etc. 

Over. Finished or ended. 

Penultimate. The last but one. 

Played out. Completely used up. 

Rear, etc. Being in the hind part. See Anteriority-Postbri- 

Set at rest. Quieted; satisfied. 

Settled. Determined upon; fixed. 

Terminal. Marking the end or terminus. 

Ultimate. Last. 

Unbegun. Not begun. 

Uncommenced. Not started. 

End — Adverbs. 

At the last. Finally. 

Finally, etc. See Adjectives . 

In fine. To sum up. 

Once for all. To settle definitely. 

End — Phrases. 

Dimidhtm facti, qui captt, habct [L.]. What's well begun is half 

En toute chose il faut conside'rer le fin [F.]. In everything one must 
consider the end. 

Finem respice [L.]. Regard the end. 

Ultimus Romayiorum [L.]. Last of the Romans. 

BEGINNING— Verbs— Continued. 

Shuffle the cards. To start in. 

Spring up. To begin to make an appearance. 

Stand at the head. I T , 

Stand first. * Lead ' 

Stand for. To stand in place of. 

Start afresh. Begin anew. 

Take birth. To have its origin. 

Take its rise. To have its beginning. 

Take the first step. Begin. 

Take the initiative. To make a beginning. 

Take the lead. To make the start. 

Undertake, etc. To set about anything, etc. See Enterprise 

Usher in. To intri idui e. 

Ventilate. To give publicity to; to air. 

Beginning — Adjectives. 
Aboriginal. Indigenous to the soil. 
Beginning. S<-<- Verbs. 
Begun. S«t V. rbs. 
Embryonic. In the embryo. 
First. Haviiu: the furemost place. 
Foremost. Of the first rank. 




Inaugural. Pertaining to an inauguration. 
Inceptive. Marking the beginning. 
Inchoate. Just commenced. 
Inchoative. Just begun. 
Incipient. Coming into existence. 
Initial. Marking the beginning 
Initiative. Relating to initiation. 
Initiatory. Suited to introdui 
Introductory. Acting as an introduction. 

Ab incunabilis [L .]. From the cradle. 
Ab initio [I. ) From the beginning. 
Ab origins [L ]. From tin' origin 
Ab ovo [L.]. From the egg 
At the beginning. At the starting-point. 
First. Having priority in time or place. 
First and foremost. At the head. 
From its birth. From its beginning. 

be-gird'. Surround. Confinement, Environment- 

beg'-ler-beg. The governor-general of a Turkish prov- 
ince. Chief-Underling. 

be-gone'. Depart. Admission-Expulsion. Arri 
val-Departure, Commission-Abrogation; begone 
dull care, Lighthear i hdness-Deji ection. 

be-grease'. To soil with grease. Cleanness-Filti i- 
ness, Embellishment-Disfigurement. 

be-grime'. Make foul. Clkanness-Filtiiiness. 

be-grudge'. To envy one the possession of. Extrav- 
agance-Avarice, Proffer-Refusal, Readiness- 

be-guile'. Delude. Contentedness-Discontknt- 
ment, Truth-Error. Truthfulness-Fraud: be- 
guile the time, Action-Passiveness, Entertain- 

be'-gum. An East India princess. Gentility-Democ- 

be-gun'. Commenced. Beginning-End. 

be-half. Advantage; interest; matter. Good-Evil. 
Obstruction-Help; in behalf of, Obstruction- 
Help, Representation. 

be-have'. Be good. Conduct, Politeness-Impolite- 
ness, Society-Ludicrousness. 

be-ha'-vior. Deportment. Conduct; on one's good 
behavior, Virtue-Vice. 

be-head'. Decapitate. Life-Killing, Recompense- 

be-he'-moth. In the Bible, a monstrous beast 

be-hest'. A command. Order. 

be-hind'. At the back of; inferior to; at the rear. An- 
teriority-Posteriority, Leading-Following, Pre- 
cedence-Succession; behind one's back, Pres- 
ence-Absence; behind the age, Knowledge-Igno- 
rance, Novelty -Antiquity; behind the scenes, 
Acting, Cause-Effect, Enlightenment-Secrecy. 
Knowledge- Ignorance, Manifestation- Latency, 
Visibility-Invisibility; behind time, Earliness- 
Lateness; speak ill of behind one's back, Adulation- 

be-hind'-hand". Late. Earliness-Lateness, Settle- 
ment-Default, Transcursion-Shortcoming, Wel- 

be-hold'. To look at. Heed-Disregard. Onlooker, 

be-hold'-en. Indebted. Duty-Dereliction, Thank- 

be-hold'-er. A spectator. Onlooker. 

be-hoof. That which benefits one. Good-Evil. 

be-hoove'. To be right for. Duty-Dereliction. 

be-'ing. Existing; entity. Entity-Nonentity, Sub- 
stance-Nullity; created being, Fauna-Flora; 
human being, Humanity; time being, Duration- 

BEGINNING— Adjectives — Continued. 

Just begun. Begun now. 

Leading. Having the foremost place. 

Maiden. Initiative. 

Nascent. Beginning to exist 

Natal. Dating from one's birth. 

Primeval, etc. Dating from the first ages, etc. See Novelty- 

Primogenial. First born. 
Rudimental. Relating to the rudiments. 

Beginning — Adverbs. 

From the beginning. From the first. 

Imprimis [L J First. 

In embryo. In the incipient state. 

In its infancy. In the start. 

hi limine [L.]. At the threshold. 

In the beginning. In the first place. 

In the bud. In the inceptive state. 

In the first place. Leading off. 

Bel. One of the chief gods of the Babylonians. Jove- 

be-la'-bor. Thrash. Impetus-Reaction, Recompense- 

be-la'-ted. Benighted; made tardy. Earliness-Late- 
ness, Knowledge-Ignorance, 

be-lay'. To surround. Obstruction-Help, Union-Dis- 

belch. To emit wind from the stomach. Admission- 

bel'-dam. A hag. Benefactor-Evildoer. 

bel'-dame. A hag Turbulence-Calmness. 

be-lea'-guer. Besiege. Attack-Defense. 

bel"-es-prit'. A clever talker or writer. Wag. 

bel'-fry. A bell-tower. Fane. 

Be'-lial. The devil; the old Hebrew personification of 
lawlessness. Angel-Satan, Jove-Fiend; sons of 
Belial, Godliness- Ungodliness. 

be-lie'. Contradict. Antagonism-Concurrence. As- 
sertion-Denial. Truthfulness-Falsehood. 

be-lief. Probable knowledge. Faith-Misgiving, God- 
liness-Ungodliness; easy of belief, Likelihood- 
Unlikelihood; hug a belief, Bigotry-Apostasy. 

be-lieve'. To credit. Godlim .ss- Ungodliness, Hy- 
pothesis; believe who may, Faith-Misgiving; not 
believe one's senses, Astonishment-Expectance; 
reason to believe, Likelihood- Unlikelihood. 

be-lieved'. Credited. Faith-Misgiving. 

be-liev'-er. One. who believes: an adherent to some 
particular church sect. Godliness-Ungodliness; 
true believer, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

be-liev'-ing. Pious; crediting. Faith-Misgiving, 

be-like'. Probably. Likelihood-Unlikelihood. 

Belisario, date obolum [L] (Bel-i-se'-ri-o. dc'-ti ob'-o- 
lum). Give a penny to Bclisarius. Charitable- 

bell. A hollow metallic instrument which rings when 
struck. Musical Instruments, Sign; alarm bell, 
Alarm; bear away the bell, Goodness-Badness; 
Reputation-Discredit, Success-Failure; bell, 
book, and candle, Assertion-Denial, Ceremonial, 
Charitableness-Curse, Devotion-Charm; bell 
shape, Convexity-Concavity, Roundness; bell the 
cat, Bravery-Cowardice: cracked bell, Resonance- 
Xonresonance; passing bell, Life-Funeral. 

bel"-la-don'-na. A poisonous herb used in medicine. 

belle [F.] (bel). A reigning beauty. Male-Female. 

belle Hoile, a la [F] (bel e-twal', a la). In the open 
air. Outside-Inside. Water-Air. 

belles-lettres [F] (bel-letr'). Polite literature. Lan- 

belli casus [L] (bel'-lai ke'-sus) . A cause of war. Ex- 

bel'-li-cose". Inclined to war. Fighting, Strife-Peace. 




bel'-Lied. Having a belly. Convexity-Concavity. 
bel-lig'-er-ent. One engaged in war. Belligerent, 
Fighting-Conciliation, Strife-Peace. 


Amazon. A female warrior. 

Archer. One skilled in the use of the bow and arrow. 

Axmigerent. One next in degree to a knight. 

Artilleryman. A man who manages or assists in managing a large 
gun in firing. 

Assailant. One who first attacks another. 

Athlete. Any one trained to contend in exercises requiring great 
physical agility and strength. 

Bashi-bazouk [Turk.]. An irregular Turkish volunteer. 

Beefeater. One of the yeomen of the guard in England. 

Belligerent. A nation or person recognized as rightfully engaged in 

Bludgeon-man. One who uses the bludgeon. 

Bombardier. An artilleryman. 

Bowman. One skilled in the use of the bow. 

Boxer. Apugilist; a Chinese rebel. 

Bruiser. A boxer; apugilist. 

Bully. A blustering, tyrannical fellow. 

Cadet. A young man in training for military or naval service. 

Campaigner. An old soldier. 

Cannoneer. A man who manages or fires cannon. 

Carbineer. A soldier armed with a carbine . 

Champion. The foremost in espousing a cause. 

Charger. A steed. 

Chasseur [F.]. Light infantry soldier. 

Combatant. One who engages in a contest of violence. 

Competitor. One of a number contending for a prize or something 

Conscript. One taken by lot or compulsorily enrolled to serve as a 

Controversialist. One who draws out an argument and disputes it 
point by point. 

Coolie. A laborer transported from the East Indies, China, or 
Japan, for service in some other country. 

Corrival. A fellow rival. 

Cossack. A member of the race inhabiting the lower Don and Dnie- 
per, Eastern Russia, etc. ; military horsemen. 

Croat. An irregular soldier, generally from Croatia. 

Cuirassier [F.]. A soldier armed with a cuirass. 

Destrier [F.]. A war-horse. 

Disputant. One who argues in opposition to another. 

Dragoon. A cavalryman. 

Duelist. One who fights in single combat. 

Engineer. An engine driver. 

Ensign. A commissioned officer of the lowest grade in the navy. 

Fencible. A soldier enlisted for home service only. 

Fighter. One who fights; a combatant. 

Fighting-cock. A cock trained to fight. 

Fighting-man. Combatant. 

Fire-eater. A quarrelsome person who seeks affrays. 

Food for powder. Soldier. 

Foot-soldier. A soldier who serves on foot. 

Franc-tireur [F.]. French rifleman 

Fusileer. A soldier armed with a fusil . 

Game-cock. The male game fowl. 

Gendarme [F.]. Man at arms; policeman. 

Gladiator. One who fought with weapons in public; one who en- 
gages in any fierce combat or controversy. 

Grenadier. A member of a special regiment or corps; a member of a 
regiment composed of men of great stature . 

Guardsman. A member of any military body called Guards. 

Guerilla condottiere [It.]. An irregular soldiery. 

Gunner. One who works a gun , whether on land or sea. 

Hackster. A bully; a ruffian. 

Halberdier. One who is armed with a halberd. 

Heavy dragoon. A heavily armed cavalryman. 

Heavyweight. The heaviest of the classes into which contestants 

are divided. 
Horse soldier. A cavalryman. 

Hussar. One of the lighl < i airy of European armies. 
Infantryman. A Coot snldk-r. 
Irregular. A soldier not in regular service. 
Janizary. A member of an unruly military force which for several 

centuries furnished the bi >dy-guard "f tin sultans of Turkey. 
Lancer. A cavalry soldier carrying a lance as a weapon. 

,, . rT > -, f A member of a legion. 

Legionnaire [F.J. > 

Light dragoon. A light armed cavalryman 

Litigant. One who is engaged in a lawsuit. 

Mamaluke. ) One of a celebrated cavalry corps of Egypt. (Thirteenth 

Mameluke. ) century to 1S1 1 .) 

Man-at-arms. A soldier fully armed. 

Man-of-war's man, etc. One who fights on an armed vessel belong- 
ing to a navy or military marine. See Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

Marine. Soldier serving on a war-vessel. 

Matross. A gunner or gunner's mate. 

Mercenary. A hired soldier in foreign service. 

Military man. Soldier. 

Mosstrooper. One of a class of bandits that formerly infested the 
border country between England and Scotland. 

Musketeer. A soldier armed with a musket. 

Myrmidon. One of a warlike people of ancient Thessaly; a petty 
officer of the law. 

Officer. One appointed to some office in the army or navy. See Chief. 

Paladin. Any one of the twelve peers of Charlemagne ; a paragon of 

Pandour. A Hungarian foot -soldier; any inhuman soldier. 

Peon. A foot-soldier. 

Picket. A guard on the outskirts of a camp to warn against the 
enemy's approach. 

Pikeman. A soldier armed with a pike. 

Piquet. A picket. 

Polemic. One who writes in support of any doctrine, opinion, etc. 

Private. A common soldier. 

Private soldier. A private. 

Prize-fighter. One who fights publicly for a reward. 

Pugilist. A professional prize-fighter. 

Rajpoot [Hind.]. A Hindu of the military caste. 

Recruit. A newly enrolled soldier or sailor. 

Redcoat. A British soldier. 

Rifleman. A soldier armed with a rifle. 

Rival. A competitor. 

Rough. A coarse bully. 

Sabreur [F.]. Slasher. 

Sapper. A soldier employed in making trenches. 

Sapper and miner. 

Sepoy. A native East-Indian soldier equipped and disciplined in 
European style. 

Sharpshooter. One skilled with the rifle. 

Skirmisher. A soldier assigned to skirmish duty. 

Soldier. A person engaged in military service, 
pa ee. f Q ne Q £ & nat j ve Algerine corps in the French service. 

Spearman. One who is armed with a spear. 

Standard-bearer. One who carries the flag, ensign, or banner of an 

Subaltern. A military officer ranking below a captain. 

Swashbuckler. A swaggering, boastful fellow. 

Swordsman. One who is skilful with or armed with a sword. 

Tommy Atkins. Nickname of the English soldier. 

Trooper. A cavalryman. 

Uhlan. One of a certain description of militia among the Tartars. 

Veteran. An old soldier. 

Voltigeur [F.]. One of a picked company of irregular riflemen in 
each regiment. 

War-horse. The horse of a cavalry soldier; a charger. 

Warrior. A soldier; a champion. 

Wrestler. One skilled in wrestling. 

Yager. In the German army, one belonging to a body of light in- 
fantry armed with rifles. 

Zouave. One of an active and hardy body of soldiers in the French 
service, originally Arabs, but now composed of Frenchmen who 
wear the Arab dress. 

Belligerent — Collective Nouns 
Armada. A fleet of war-ships. 
Armed force, j A bod rf fi ht; mcn 
Army. J 

Artillery. The men of the artillery branch of an army. 
Battalia. A body of soldiers on the march. 
Battalion. A body of troops in battle array. 
Battery. A company or division of artillery. 
Brigade. A boilv oi troi ips consisting of two or more regiments. 
Cavalry. The military force which serves on horseback. 
Cloud of skirmishers. A body of men sent ahead to cover the move- 
ments of an army. 
Cohort. The tenth part of a legion. 
Column. The division of an army. 
Company. Subdivision of a regiment of troops. 
Corps. An organized division of an army. 
Corps d'armtv [F.]. A corps organized as an army in itself. 
Detachment. A body of troops or part of a fleet. 




Division. Two or more brigades of soldiers. 
Draft. Force of soldiers drawn by conscription. 
File. A row of soldiers arranged one behind the other. 
Fleet. A number of war-vessels. 
Flotilla. A fleet of small vessels. 
Flying column. A light-armed column of troops. 
Forces. Bodies of troops. 

Garrison. A body of soldiers in a fortified place. 
Guard. A small detachment of troops 
Guards. Soldiers. 
Horse. Cavalry. 
Horse and foot. Mixed troops. 
Horse artillery. Artillery drawn by hi 
Hosts. Armies. 

Household troops. Troops appointed to attend a sov< n ign, 
Infantry. Foot-soldiers. 
Landsturm [G .]. Final reserves. 
Landwehr [G.]. Militia. 

Legion. A body of foot-soldiers numbering from four to six thousai 
Levy. A body of troops. 

Life guards. A body of select troops attending a pi in< e. 
Light horse. Light-armed cavalry. 
Light infantry. Light-armed foot-soldiers. 
Line of battle. Regular infantry of an army. 
Military. Whole body ol soldi* 
Militia. The whole milit.u y fori e of a nation. 
Mounted rifles. Mounted troops armed with rifles. 
National guard. A b idy of militia, or local military organizatii n. 
Naval forces. Ships of war. 
Navy. A fleet of ships. 
Phalanx. A body of troops in close array. 
Platoon. Half a company of soldiers 

Posse comitates [L.]. The ton e which a sheriff may call to his assist- 
Rank. A row of soldiers. 

Rank and file. Whole body of common soldiers. 
Raw levies. New soldiers. 
Regiment. Ten companies of soldiers. 
Regulars. The standing army. 

Reserve forces. A body of troops kept for an exigency. 
Reserves. See Reserve forces. 
Rifles. Light-armed infantry. 
Sabaoth. The hosts. 
Section. A part of an army. 
Soldiery. A body of soldiers. 
Squad. A body of troops assembled for drill. 

Squadron. A body of cavalry comprising two companies of troops 
Standing army. A permanent military force. 
Subdivision. A part of a division of troops. 
The army. The entire fighting force. 
The fancy. Sporting characters taken collectively. 
The line. Troops in battle array. 
Trainband. The London militia. 
Troops. Soldiers. 

Troops of the line. The fighting soldiery. 

Volunteers. Soldiers who enter the military service voluntarily. 
Wing. Part of an army. 
Wooden walls. Wooden war-ships. 

Yeoman of the guard. 1 , r , . .. . , . 

„ I Volunteer cavalry liable to service. 

Belligerent — Naval Terms. 

Battle-ship. The heaviest armored and armed man-of-war. 

Bomb-vessel. A small ketch or vessel, very strongly built, on which 
mortars are mounted to be used in naval bombardments. 

Catamaran. A kind of raft or float, consisting of two or more logs or 
pieces of wood lashed together, and moved by paddles or sails. 

Corvette. Same as sloop of war. 

Cruiser. A swift, light-armored, heavily-armed ship for cruising. 

First-rate. A war vessel of the highest grade. 

Flag-ship. The vessel which carries the commanding officer of a fleet 
or squadron and flies his distinctive flag or pennant . 

Floating battery. A battery erected on rafts or the hulls oi 
chiefly for the defense of a coast or the bombardment of a plat e. 

Frigate. A steam war-vessel of high speed and great fighting capacity. 

Guard-ship. The ship on guard-duty for the day ; a ship of war sta- 
tioned in a harbor for its protection. 

Gunboat. A war-ship of light draft, carrying heavy guns. 

Ironclad. A war -vessel sheathed with armor. 

Line-of-battle ship. See Ship op the line. 

Man-of-war. An armed vessel belonging to a navy or military 

Monitor. An ironclad sitting very low in the water and having a flat 

deck, sharp stern, ard one or more rotating deck-turrets carrying' 

heavy guns. 
Privateer. A vessel owned and officered by pri at* persons, but 

carryiiiK on maritime war under a commission from a belli| t 

Ram. A war-vessel constn:< ;• ing. 

Ship of the line. A ship of war kir>:< i a place in the 

line of battle. 
Sloop of war. Any war-vessel larger than 

jvn.s on one deck only. 
Store-ship. A vessel used t' i carry naval stores for a fleet, gan . 

the like. 
Submarine boat. A vess< 1 « apablc of traveling under water. 
Tender. A vessel employed to attend other vessels, to supply them 

with provisions and otk- eyintelligi e, or the like. 

Torpedo-boat. A small, swift by launch- 

. ' rped ■ 
Transport. A vessel in governmi for transporting I 

military supplies, i ti 
Troop-ship. A vessel built or fitted for the conveyance of troops. 
Turret-ship. An ironclad vessel with low sides, on which heavy guns 
.uunted within one or more iron turrets, which maybe rotated. 
Belligerent — Phrases. 
Garde natxonale [F.]. National guard. 
Garde royale [F.]. Royal guard. 
IS:, I uVi Invalides [P.]. I 1 spital for invalids, !.#., invalid soldiers. 

bell '-ing. The cry of rutting deer; baying < I 
hounds. Cry-Ululation. 

bell'-man. A town crier. Messenger. 

bell'-met"-al. Alloy used formaking bells. Materials, 

hello -flagrante [L.] (bel'-lo flfi-gran'-ti) . During hos- 
tilities. Fighting-Conciliai u >.\. 

Bel-lo'-na. The goddess of war. Fighting-Concili- 

bel'-low. A loud, hollow noise. Cry-Vlulai u 
J ubilation-Lamentation, Loudness-Faintness. 

bel'-lows. An instrument for sending air through a 
tube. River-Wind, Vocalization-Mute ness. 

bells. Metallic vessels which ring when struck. Peal of 
bells, Crash-Drumming, 

bell'-shape'. Like a bell in form. Roundness. 

bell'-shaped'. Having the shape of a bell. Convexity- 
Concavity, Curvation-Rectilinearity, Round- 

bell'-weth"-er. The wether that leads a flock of sheep. 
Manager, Predecessor-Continuation. 

bel'-l) . The abdomen. Convexity-Concavity, Out- 
side-Inside; bellyful, Entirety-Deficiency ; belly 
god, Fasting-Gluttony; belly timber, Nutriment- 


bel'-o-man"-cy. Divination by arrows. Prophecy. 

be-long'. To be the property of; to adhere to. Ad- 
mission-Exclusion-, Connection-Independence, 
Constituent-Alien, Duty-Dereliction, Hoi i 
Exemption, Might-Imp) erty. 

be-long'-ings. "What one has about him. Property.. 

be-lov'-ed. Dear to. Love-Hate. 

be-low'. Under in time or place; inferior. Below its 
full strength, Faultlessness-Faultiness; below 
par, Faultlessness-Faultiness. Gentility -De- 
mocracy, Goodness-Badness, Height-Lowness, 
Magnitude-Smali ni 5, Price-] count. Si prkm- 
acy-Subordinacy; below stairs, Height-Lowness; 
below the mark, Magnitude-Smallness, Suprem- 
acy -Sim >rdinacy; here below, Universe. 

belt. A band; girdle. Cir< I 1 -Winding, Gulf-Lake,- 
Outline ; swimming belt, Refuge-Pitfall. 

belt'-ed. Having a mark like a belt. Circle-Wii 

Be'-lus. One of the chief gods of the Babyl< 1 

bel"-ve-dere'. A pavilion on the top of a house- 
Si gut- Blindness. 

be'-ma. Sanctuary. Architecture. 

be-mask'. Cover with a mask. Enlightenment- 




be-min'-gle . To blend thoroughly. Mixture-Homo- 

be-mire'. To sink in the mire. Cleanness-Filthi- 

be-moan'. To express pity for. Jubilation-Lamen- 

b.e-mused'. Stupefied. Heed-Disregard. 

bench. A seat; a judge's seat; a body of judges. 
Council, Suspension-Support, Tribunal; king's 
bench, Release-Prison. 

bench' -er. A senior member of the English bar. 

bend. To deflect; submit; apply closely. Aim-Aber- 
ration, Angularity, Circuition, Curvation- 
Rectilinearity, Elevation-Depression, Hard- 
ness-Softness, Parallelism-Inclination, Yield- 
ing; bend backwards, Anteriority-Posteriority; 
bend one's course, Aim-Aberration; bend one's look 
upon, Sight-Blindness; bend one's steps, Quest- 
Evasion; bend over, Convexity-Concavity; bend 
sinister, Reputation-Discredit; bend the bow, 
Toil-Relaxation; bend the brows, Approval-Dis- 
approval; bend the knee, Devotion-Idolatry, 

Elevation-Depression, Politeness-Impoliteness, 
Presumption -Obsequiousness, Regard- Disre- 
spect, Selfrespect-Humbleness, Yielding; bend 
the mind, Heed-Disregard, Reflection-Vacancy; 
bend to, Inclination; bend to one's will, Rule- 
License; bend to rules, Conventionality-Uncon- 
ventionality; bend towards, Aim-Aberration. 

be-neath'. Under; below. Height-Lowness; beneath 
notice, Consequence-Insignificance; beneath one, 

ben'-e-dict [Shakespeare]. A newly married man. 

Ben'-e-dict Ar'-nold. American traitor. Patriotism- 

ben"-e-dic'-tine. Pertaining to St. Benedict or his 
order. Ministry-Laity. 

ben"-e-dic'-tion. Blessing. Approval-Disapproval, 
Devotion-Idolatry, Thankfulness-Thankless- 
ness; nuptial benediction, Matrimony-Celibacy. 

ben"-e-dic'-to-ry. Blessing. Approval-Disapproval. 

ben"-e-fac'-tion. Charitable gift. Giving-Receiving. 

ben"-e-fac'-tor. One who confers a benefit. Bene- 
factor-Evildoer, Good Man-Bad Man. 


Auxiliary, etc. One who gives help, etc . See Antagonist-Assistant . 

Benefactor. One who gives friendly help. 

Benefactress. A female benefactor. 

Good genius. A good spirit supposed to be attached to a person to 

influence their actions and fortunes for the good. 
Good Samaritan [Bible]. One given to doing acts of charity. 
Guardian angel. The particular spirit believed to have charge over 

a person from birth. 
fater Patrice [L.]. The father of his country. 
Salt of the earth, etc. [Bible]. Those who shall purify the earth. Cee 

Good Man. 
Savior. One who saves from destruction. 
Tutelary saint. A canonized person invested with the guardianship 

of a person or thing. 

EVILDOER — Denotations — Continued from Column 2. 

Cockatrice. A fabled serpent, whose look and breath were fatal. 

Colorado beetle. A beetle which destroys potato plants. 

Eumenides. The Furies. 

Frankenstein's monster. A fabled monster, constructed by Frank- 
enstein, which destroyed its author. 

Furies. Greek goddesses, the avengers of iniquities. 

Gerfalcon. A large species of Arctic falcon. 

Ghoul. An imaginary being supposed to feed on human beings. 

Gorilla. A very large species of ape. 

Gyrfalcon. See Gerfalcon. 

Harpy. A fabulous monster with the face of a woman and the body 
of a vulture 

Hell-hound . Fabulous guardians of hell . 

Hornet. A large strong wasp. 

Hyena. A large carnivorous animal. 

Jezebel. A cruel queen of Israel. 

Locust. A large insect, which preys upon growing crops. 

Mohawk. I A member of a band of ruffians who infested the streets of 

Mohock. 1 London in the time of Addison. 

Monster. Any large and fierce animal. 

Ogre. A hideous giant fabled to feed on human beings. 

Rattlesnake. A snake whose bite is poisonous. 

Savage. A wild or uncivilized person. 

Scorpion. A stinging species of lizards. 

Serpent. A snake. 

Siren. One of the three sea-nymphs, said to allure passers by to 
destruction by sweet singing. 

Tiger. A fierce animal. 

Torpedo. An explosive cap. 

Vampire. A ghost that sucks blood. 

Viper. A venomous snake. 

Vulture. A carnivorous bird 

Wild beast. A dangerous wild animal. 

Wireworm. A species of beetles. 

Evildoer — Phras*. 
Fctnum habet in cornu [L ]. He has hay on his horn; hence, is dan- 

Anarchist. One who seeks to overthrow all civil authority. 

... . " f One who eats human flesh ; a cannibal. 

Anthropophagus. I 

Barbarian. One devoid of pity. 

Beldam. An ugly old woman. 

Blood sucker. A hard master. 

Bludgeon-man. Man with a bludgeon or short stick! 

Brute. An animal devoid of human reason. 

Bully. A quarrelsome overbearing fellow. 

Butcher. One causing needless loss-of life. 

Caitiff. A wicked wretch. 

Cannibal. One who eats human flesh. 

Communist. An advocate of equalizing social conditions. 

Cut throat, etc. A murderer. See Life-Killing. 

Dangerous classes. Ruffian. 

Demon in human shape. Unscrupulous scoundrel. 

Desperado. A man without regard for law or life. 

Destroyer. One who destroys. 

Devil incarnate. One given to all manner of wickedness. 

Evildoer. Criminal. 

Evilworker. Worker of wickedness. 

Fiend. A very wicked person. 

Firebrand. A person causing mischief. 

Hag. An ugly old woman. 

Hangman. One whose business it is to hang people. 

Hellhag. A hag fit for hell. 

Iconoclast. One who assails cherished beliefs. 

Incendiary. One who maliciously destroys property by fire. 

Marplot. One who by meddling frustrates a plan. 

Mischief maker. Causer of trouble. 

Oppressor. One who oppresses. 

£°" gh - !-A brutal fellow. 
Ruffian. J 

Scourge of the human race. (Attila.) 

Semibarbarian. One half civilized. 

Snake in the grass. An evildoer who seeks to conceal his real char- 
acter; a copperhead. 

Terrorist. A partizan to the Reign of Terror in France. 

Thief, etc. One who steals, etc. See Robber. 

Tyrant. One exercising unlawful authority, especially cruelly. 

Ugly customer. A disagreeable person, especially to fight. 

Vandal. One who wilfully mutilates that which is beautiful or artis- 

Wrongdoer, etc. See Bad Man. 

Evildoer — Denotations. 

Adder. A serpent 

Anaconda. A large South American snake. 

Asp. A poisonous serpent. 

Attila. A king of the Huns, called "the Scourge of God." 

Bane. That which destroys life. See Remedy-Bane. 

Blood-hound. A large di ig used for tracking criminals. 

Canker-worm. A moth which destroys fruit trees. 

Cobra. A large poisonous snake. 

(Continued on Column 1 .) 




ben"-e-fac'-tress. A female benefactor. Benefactor- 

ben'-e-fice. A church living. Church. 

be-nef'-i-cence. Active goodness. Charitableness- 
Malevolence, Goodness-Badness. 

be-nef'-i-cent. Delighting in good works. Chari- 
tableness-Malevolence, Goodness-Badness. 

ben"-e-fi'-cial. Helpful. Good-Evil, Goodness-Bad- 
ness; beneficial interest, Property. 

ben"-e-fi'-cial-ly. Advantageously. Goodness-Bad- 

ben"-e-fi'-cia-ry. One who holds a benefice; one bene- 
fited by another. Giving-Receiving, Holder, Min- 

ben'-e-fit. Advantage; favor bestowed. Charitable- 
ness-Malevolence, Gain-Loss, Good-Evil, Good- 
ness-Badness, Obstruction-Help, Property, Use- 
fulness-Uselessness; reap the benefit of, Better- 
ment-Deterioration, Success-Failure, Useful- 

ben'-e-fits. Favors. Benefits forgot, Thankfulness- 

bene, quamdiu se gesserit [L.] (bi'-ni, quam'-dai-yiu si 
jes'-ser-it) . During good behavior. Duty-Dere- 

beneplacito, a vostro [It.] (bS-ne-pla-chi'-to, a vos'-tro). 
At your pleasure; as you will. Volition-Obliga- 

be-nev'-c-lence. Disposition to do good. Chari- 
tableness-Malevolence, Good Man-Bad Man, 
Love-Hate, Price-Discount; universal benevo- 
lence, Humanitarianism-Misanthropy. 

be-nev'-o-lent. Charitable. Charitableness-Malevo- 

Ben"-gal'. A division of India. Bengal heat, Heat- 

be-night'-ed . Ignorant. Knowledge- Ignorance, 

be-nign'. Kind. Healtiiiness-Unhealthiness. 

be-nig'-nant. Gracious. Charitableness-Malevo- 

be-nig'-ni-ty . Kindliness. Charitableness-Malevo- 

ben'-i-son. A blessing. Approval-Disapproval. 

Ben'-ja-min. A corruption used only in compounds. 
Benjamin's mess, Supremacy-Subordinacy, Whole- 

ben'-shie. A fairy visitant. Jove-Fiend. 

bent. Curve; tendency. Affections, Angularity, 
Desire-Distaste, Inclination, Readiness-Re- 
luctance; bent on, Desire-Distaste, Determina- 
tion-Vacillation. Purpose-Luck, Readiness-Re- 
luctance; fool to the top of one's bent, Society- 

Ben'-tham-ite. Philanthropist. Humanitarianism- 

ben trovato [It.] (ben tro-va'-to). Well found. Fancy, 
Likelihood- Unlikelihood, Truthfulness-Fabri- 
cation, Wittiness-Dulness. 

be-numb'. Deaden. Heating-Cooling. Sensitive- 
ness-Apathy, Sensuality-Suffer i nc. 

be-plas'-ter. Cover with plaster. Adulation-Dis- 

be-praise'. Commend. Approval-Disapproval. 

be-queath'. Give by will. Giving-Receiving. 

be-quest'. A legacy left by will. Giving-Receiving. 

be-reave'. Despoil. Taking-Restitution. 

be-reave'-ment. A grievous loss. Gain-Loss, Life- 
Death, Taking-Restitution. 

be-reft'. Deprived of. Affluence-Penury, Gain- 
Loss, Property; bereft of reason, Saneness- 

berg. An iceberg. Heat-Cold. 

ber'-ga-mot. A kind of pear; snuff. Perfume-Stench. 

ber'-lin. A four-wheeled carriage. Conveyance- 

ber-ret'-ta. A cardinal's red cap. Dress-Undress. 

berth. A bed in a vessel; an office. Dweller-Habi- 
tation, Occupation, Suspension-Support. 

ber'-yl. A greenish mineral or gem. Embellishmknt- 
I Iisfigurement, Redness-Greenness. 

be-seech'. To entreat. Devotion-Idolatry, Peti- 

be-seem'. Befit. Duty-Dereliction. 

be-set'. To shut in on all sides. Attack-Defense, 
E : \- v i ron m en t- Interposition. Lea ding- Following, 
Petition-Expostulation, Plea sura blenes,s- Pain- 
fulness; beset with difficulties, Difficulty-Fa- 

be-set'-ting. Constantly troubling. Habit-Di 
TUDB, Universality-Particularity; besetting sin, 

be-shrew'. To wish ill to. Charitableness-Curse. 

be-side'. At the side; except. Conventionai i i . - 
Unconventionai.ity, Laterality-Contraposition, 
Remoteness-Nearness; beside oneself, Excitation, 
Saneness-Lunacy; beside the mark, Connection- 
Independence, Truth-Error. 

be-sides'. Over and above. Addition-Subtrac i [i 

be-siege'. To lay siege to. Attack-Defense, Peti- 

besique [F.] (U'-zic'). A game of cards. Enter- 

be-slav'-er. Bespatter; stilly. Adulation-Dispar- 

be-slime'. Cover with slime. Cleanness-Filthiness, 

be-slub'-ber. Bedaub. Adulation-Disparagement. 

be-smear'. To soil. Cleanness-Filthiness, Cover- 

be-smirch'. To defile. Adulation-Disparagement. 

be'-som. A drab; broom. Cleanness-Filthiness. 

be-sot'-ted. Stupefied in mind or morals. Decision- 

be-span'-gle. To adorn with spangles. Embellish- 

be-spat'-ter. To soil by spattering. Adulation-Dis- 
paragement, Approval-Disapproval, Cleanness- 

be-speak'. To ask for in advance. Commission-Ah- 
rogation, Earliness-Lateness, Evidence-Coun- 
terevidence, Meaning-Jargon, Petition-Expos- 
tulation, Recklessness-Caution. 

be-speck'-le. To cover with specks. Variegation. 

be-spot'. To cover with spots. Variegation. 

be-sprin'-kle. To scatter over. Mixture-Homoge- 
neity, Variegation. 

Bes'-se-mer. A kind of steel. Chemistry. 

best. First rate; most desirable. Faultlessness- 
Faultiness, Goodness-Badness; all for the best, 
Contentedness-Discontentment, Good-Evil, San- 
r, fineness-Hopelessness. Welfare-Misfortune; 
best bib and tucker, Embellishment-Disfigure- 
ment, Pomp, Preparation-Xonpreparation; best 
intentions, Charitableness-Mai .evolence : best is 
the best, Goodness-Badness; best part, Magni- 
tude-Smallness. Whole-Part; do one's best, Ac- 
tivity-Indolence. Carefulness-Carelessness, 
Toil-Relaxation, Venture; have the best of it, 
Success-Failure; make the best of it, Composition, 
Excitability - Inexcitability, Overvaluation - 
Undervaluation, Sanguineness - Hopelessness, 
Use-Disuse. Yielding; make the best of one's time, 
Hurry-Leisure; to the best of one'B belief, Faith- 

Beste ist gut genug, das [G.] (bes'-te ist gut ge-nun', 
das). The best is good enough. Enough, Fault- 
lessn ess-Fa ulti ness. 

be-stead'. Help. Usefulness-Uselessness. 




bes'-tial. Pertaining to beasts; brutish. Purity-Im- 

be-stir'. To move quickly. Bestir oneself, Activity- 
Indolence, Hurry-Leisure, Toil-Relaxation. 

be-stow'. To confer. Giving-Receiving; bestow one's 
.hand, Matrimony-Celibacy; bestow thought, Re- 

be-stow'-al. Gift. Giving-Receiving. 

be-strad'-dle. To stand over. Suspension-Support. 

be-stride'. To get or sit upon astride. Height-Low- 
ness, Suspension-Support. 

bet. A wager. Purpose-Luck. 

be-take'. To have recourse to. Betake oneself to. 
Enterprise, Occupation, Traveling-Navigation, 

bete, pas si [F.] (bet, pa si). Not such a fool. Sagac- 

bete noire [F.] (betnwar). A black beast; a bugbear. 
Love-Hate, Sanguin en ess-Timidity. 

beth'-el. A seaman's chapel. Fane. 

be-think'. Consider. Mind-Imbecility, Remem- 

be-thrall'. To enthrall. Liberty - Subjection, Re- 

be-tide'. To befall. Occurrence-Destiny. 

be-times'. Seasonably. Earliness-Lateness. 

be-to'-ken. To signify. Evidence-Counterevidence, 
Prophecy, Sign. 

be-tray'. To deliver up to an enemy; mislead. Ex- 
posure-Hi dingpl ace, Patriotism-Treason, Truth- 

fulness-Fraud, Uprightness-Dishonesty; betray 
itself, Visibility-Invisibility. 

be-tray'-al. Act of betraying. Patriotism-Treason, 

be-tray'-er. One who betrays. Patriotism-Treason, 

be-trim'. Array. Preparation-Nonpreparation. 

be-troth'. To engage to marry. Engagement-Re- 
lease, Matrimony-Celibacy. 

be-troth'-al. Engagement to marry. Engagement- 

be-trothed'. Engaged to marry. Love-Hate. 

be-troth'-ment. Mutual marriage contract. Engage- 

bet'-ter. Preferable; superior. Engraving, Gull- 
Deceiver; better half, Matrimony-Celibacy; better 
sort, Gentility-Democracy; for better for worse, 
Choice-Neutrality, Matrimony-Celibacy; get bet- 
ter, Betterment-Deterioration, Health-Sick- 
ness, Renovation-Relapse, Weariness-Refresh- 
ment; get the better of, Betterment-Deteriora- 
tion, Renovation-Relapse, Success-Failure; 
only better than nothing, Faultlessness-Faulti- 
ness; seen better days, Affluence-Penury, Bet- 
terment-Deterioration, Welfare-Misfortune ; 
think better of, Betterment-Deterioration, Re- 

bet'-ter-ment. Improvement. Betterment-Deteri- 


Advance. Progress; improvement. See Advance. 

Advancement. The act of advancing and improving. 

Amelioration. The act of improving or of growing better; the state 

of being improved. 
Amendment. The act of changing for the better by removing errors 

or defects. 
Ascent, etc. See Ascent. 
Betterment. The act of moving or causing to move from one degree 

of excellence to a higher. 
Civilization . National improvement or culture . 
Correction. The removal of errors or evils ; the act of setting right. 
Cultivation. The act of tilling the soil with a view to improving it ; 

improvement in mental, moral, or physical condition. 
Culture. The result of cultivating ; refinement in manners or speech ; 

improvement in mental or moral condition. 
Elaboration. The act of working out anything into detailed com- 
pleteness by successive operations. 
Elevation. An uplifting. See Elevation. 
Emendation. The improvement of a document by the removal of 

errors or corruptions. 
Improvement. The act of advancing toward what is better. 
Increase. A growing larger or greater. See Increase. 
Melioration. The act of improving or of making more tolerable; the 

state of being improved. 
Mend. The condition or course of repairing, reforming, or helping. 
Mending, etc. Repairing, reforming or helping, etc. See Verbs. 
Preferment. The state of being advanced. 
Promotion. The act of advancing or promoting. 
Purification. The act of purifying. See Cleanness. 
Radical reform. Fundamental or thoroughgoing reform. 
Recovery, etc. Restoration, as from sickness. See Renovation. 
Refinement. Personal cultivation; fineness or delicacy of thought, 

taste, etc. 
Reform. Amendment of what is evil or defective. 
Reformation. The act of changing from worse to better, or the state 

of being improved. 
Repair, etc. Restoration after decay, injury, wasting away, etc. See 

Revise. A revision. 
Revision. The act of revising or reexamining T n 

Betterment — Denotations. 

March of intellect, Inte provement. 

New edition. A publication i ! aftei il publication. 

Second thought. More n ature and deliberate thought. 

Adulteration. The act of making impure by mixing with other 

baser ingredients; the state of being adulterated. 
Alloy. Combination of metals, resulting in their depreciation. 
Atrophy. Wasting away or emaciation of the body or any part of 

the body. 
Blight. Decay; mildew. 
Caducity. Weakness of old age. 
Collapse. Extreme dejection of the vital powers. 
Contamination. The act of making impure or defiling by contact 

with something baser. 
Corrosion. The act of gradually wearing away. 
Corruption. The act of putrefying or causing to become putrid; 

pollution; deterioration. 
Damage. Injury to person, property, or fame. 
Debasement. The act of degrading or the state of being degraded; 


1 'i'l illl'l'l '.' [ . • » • 

j. , ' f A process of declining; deterioration. 

Decay. Gradual decline toward dissolution, corruption" deteri- 

Declension. Decline ; deterioration . 

Declination. The act or state of declining or deteriorating. 

Decline. Deterioration; tendency to a worse condition. 

Decrease. A becoming less; decay. See Increase-Decrease. 

Decrepitude. The state of being enfeebled by old age. 

Defedation. The act of polluting. 

Degeneracy. The state of having become inferior to the normal 

Degenerateness. Degeneracy. 

Degeneration. The act or state of deteriorating. 

Degradation. The act of debasing; the state of being debased. 

Dtlabrcmoit [F ] Ruin; decay. See Creation-Destruction. 

Delaceration. The act of tearing to pieces. 

Demoralization. The act of debasing the morals of; the state of 
being debased in morals. 

Depravation. The act of corrupting, especially in morals; the state 
of being corrupted or deteriorated. 

Depravement. Depravity. 

Depravity. The state of being depraved, or generally bad in 
character. See Virtue-Vice. 

Deterioration. The act or process of growing worse, or the state of 
having grown worse. 

Detriment. Something that causes loss or injury; injury. 

Dilapidation. The p] falling into ruin, or decay. 

Discoloration. The act of altering the natural color of; the state of 





Betterment — Nouns oj Cause, etc. 

Lima: labor [L.]. The labor of the file; the polishing of a literary 

Radical. One who advocates extreme measures of change in social 

institutions with a view to improvement. 
Reformer. One who counsels or works for reform. 

Betterment — Verbs. 
Advance. Progress; improve. See Advance. 
Ameliorate. Improve or make better. 
Amend. Change or correct in order to improve. 

Appeal from Philip drunk to Philip sober. [Valerius Maximus, vi, a.] 
Ascend. Move upward. See Ascent. 
Be better, etc. Be improved, etc. See Adjectives. 
Become better. Improve. 
Be improved by. Be made better by. 
Better. To improve the condition of. 

Bolster up. To improve the condition of by propping up or encour- 
aging . 
Bring forward. Promote', advance. 
Bring on. Cause to begin. 
Brighten up. Improve by polishing. 
Brush up. Improve; cleanse. 
Come about. Change; improve. 

Cook. To improve food by the agency of fire or heat. 
Correct. To better by removing faults or errors; to set straight, 
Cultivate. Better the soil by tillage; improve physical, mental, or 

moral condition. 
Doctor, etc. Improve by applying remedies or by repairing, etc. 

See Remedy. 
Elaborate. Improve by working out into details. 
Enhance. Better by increasing value or attractiveness. 
Enrich. Improve by adorning or fertilizing. 
Fatten. Make cattle ready for slaughter by feeding; better the soil 

by enriching. 
Forward. Promote; further. 

Foster, etc. Aid; encourage. See Obstruction-Help 
Fructify. Make fruitful. 
Furbish up. Improve by brightening. 
Get better. Improve. 
Improve. Advance toward the better. 
Improve upon. Better by amendments to or changes in. 
Increase, etc. Grow larger or greater, etc. See Increase. 
Infuse new blood into. Figurative forgive life and strength to. 
Invigorate. Improve by strengthening. 
Lessen, etc., an evil. See Increase-Decrkask. 
Make capital out of. Augment one's power or influence by taking 

advantage of anything. 
Make corrections. Correct. 
Make good use of. Use to the best advantage. 
Make improvements, etc. Improve, etc. See Nouns. 
Make the most of. Value highly; use completely. 
Mature. Develop to completion. 
Meliorate. Improve; better. 

Mellow. To make mellow, as fruit ; make perfect. 
Mend. Repair; set right; improve. 
Mitigate. Make less harsh; soften. 
New model. Give a new and improved form to. 
Palliate. Cloak; extenuate. 
Pick up. Gradually improve. 
Place to good account. Make good use of. 
Polish. Make smooth; make polite; better by removing roughness 

and rudeness. 
Profit by. Gain or improve by. 
Promote. Advance; forward. 
Prune. Improve by cutting off, as branches. 
Purify, etc. Make clear; free from sin; etc. See Cleanness. 
Put in order, etc. See Organization. 
Raise one's head. Figurative for improve. 
Rally. Reunite; restore; revive. 
Reap the benefit of. Receive the reward of. 

Recover. Regain a former state or condition; restore See Reno- 
Recruit. Furnish with fresh supplies. 
Rectify. Set right; amend. 

Refine upon. Improve in whatever constitute? excellence. 
Reform. Change from worse to better; improve. 
Refresh. Reinvigorate. 
Relieve. Alleviate; lighten. 
Remodel. Change the form so as to improve. 
Render better. Improve. 
Reorganize. Organize anew with a view to improvement. 

Disorganization. The act of throwing into disorder. 

Erosion. The act of wearing away, or the state of being worn away. 

Falling off, etc. Decadence, etc. See Verbs. 

Havoc. General destruction. 

Impairment. The state of growing worse or being deteriorated. 

Injury. Any wrong or hurt done to a person or thing. 

Inquination. Pollution. 

Loss. Damage; detriment; injury. 

Marasmus. Wasting away of flesh when there is apparently no 

Moldiness. The state of being covered with any fungous growth. 

Oxidation. The act of combining a compound with oxygen. 

Outrage. Excessive injury; wanton mischief done to any person 
or thing. 

Perversion. Deterioration from truth or right 

Poisoning. Destroying with poison; corrupting. 

Pollution. Deterioration from cleanness or purity. 

Prostitution. The state of being devoted to lewdness; deterioration 
from chastity. 

Recession. Retrocession; retrogression. See Approach - With- 

Retrogradation, etc. Deterioration, etc. See Advance-Retrogres- 

Retrogression. A going back; deterioration; degeneration. 

Rottenness. The quality of being decayed. 
Scath. Injury; harm; damage. 
Venenation. Poisoning. 
Vitiation. Depravation; corruption. 

Deterioration — Figurative Nouns. 
Dry-rot. The decay of timber; corruption of character. 
Ebb. The falling of the tide; hence, a decreasing. 
Honeycomb. The wax which encloses the honey. 
Magnt nominis umbra [L.]. [Lucan. Pharsalia, i, 135 fl The shadow 

< if a great name. 
Mere wreck. Utter worthlessness. 

Moth and rust. Anything which causes destruction. [Bible.] 
Ravages of time. Wear and use caused by age. 
Wane. The lessening of the moon; hence, a lessening. 
Wear and tear. Destruction by use. 
Wreck. A destruction. 

Deterioration — Nouns of Cause. 
Blight. That which blasts one's plans or hopes. 
Canker. An ulcer producing corrosion ; a disease peculiar to trees, 

whit h corrupts the bark and causes it to fall off 
Inroad. A hostile attack producing disorganization. 
Leaven. Any substance which produces fermentation. 
Ravage. A violent action causing ruin or destruction. 

Deterioration — Verbs. 
Acerbate. To make worse by souring. 

Adulterate. To deteriorate by mixing with baser ingredients. 
Aggravate. Make worse or less tolerable. 
Alloy. Form into an alloy; debase; deteriorate. 
Become deteriorated, etc. Become worse in quality, etc See 

Become worse. Deteriorate. 

Be deteriorated, etc. Be worse in quality, etc. See Adjectives. 
Be the worse for. Become less good for. 
Be worse. Be less good. 

Blemish. To make worse by deforming or defaming. 
Blight. Blast; mar; ruin. 

Break. Divide into parts by violence; destroy the utility of. 
Breakdown. Fail; fail in health. 
Breakup. Separate into parts; scatter 
Brutalize. Make or become beastly or inhuman. 
Canker. Corrode; corrupt; deteriorate; eat as a canker. 
Contaminate. Pollute by contact. 
Corrode. Wear away gradually; impair 
Corrupt. Deprave; make false*, make worthless. 
Crack. Deteriorate the value by splitting. 
Cripple. Disable; render less useful. 
Crumble. Deteriorate by falling into small pieces. 
Damage. Harm; injure. 

Damnify, etc. Injure; hurt; damage. See Goodness-Badness. 
Deal a blow to. Injure; harm. 
Debase. Degrade; depreciate. 

Debauch. To make or become deteriorated in morals 
Decay. Become rotten ; deteriorate. 
Decimate. Destroy a large part of; a tenth of. 
Decline. Diminish; decay ; deteriorate. 
Deface. Mar the face of; disfigure. 





BETTERMENT— Verbs— Continued. 
Repair, etc. Restore after decay, injury, etc. See Renovation. 
Review. Examine to find the defects or excellences of. 
Revise. Improve by changes and corrections. 
Ripen. Mature; perfect. 
Rub up. Refresh one's memory. 
Set off to advantage. Adorn ; embellish. 
Sow one's wild oats. To live a wild, reckless life. 
Take a favorable turn. Improve. 
Think better of. Improve one's opinion of. 
Touch up. Improve by touches. 

Turn over a new leaf. Change radically one's way of living. 
Turn the corner. Begin to improve. 
Turn to best account.} 
Turn to good. ,- Make profitable. 

Turn to right. J 

Vamp up. Patch; repair. 

View in a new light. Consider from a new standpoint. 
Warm up. Improve in ardor; become animated. 

Betterment — Adjectives. 
All the better for. Much improved for. 
Better. Preferable; improved in health. 
Better advised. Better informed. 
Better for. Improved for. 
Better off. In a better condition. 
Corrigible. That may be set right or amended. 
Emendatory. Relating to improvement. 
Improvable. That may be improved. 
Improved, etc. Bettered, etc. See Verbs. 
Improving, etc. Growing better; turning to best account. 
Progressive. Improving. 

Reformatory. Tending to produce a change from worse to better. 
Remedial, etc. Corrective; affording a remedy. See Remedy. 
Reparatory, etc . Amending defects, etc. See Renovation. 

Betterment — Adverbs. 
Ad melius inquirendum [L.]. After more thorough investigation. 
On better advice. After receiving further information. 
On consideration. After considering. 
On reconsideration. After reconsidering. 
On second thoughts. After thinking the matter over. 

Betterment — Phrase. 
Urbem lateritiam invenit, marmoream reliquit [L.]. He found the 
city brick, he (Augustus Caesar) left it marble. 

DETERIORATION— Verbs— Continued from Column 2 

Prejudice. Impair; injure. 

Prostitute. Apply to low or unworthy purposes. 

Put back. Delay; retard. 

Rankle. Fester or produce festering; inflame. 

Ravage. Lay waste; devastate; despoil. 

Render vicious, etc. See Virtue-Vice. 

Retrograde. Go backward; become worse. See Advance-Retro- 

Rot. Corrupt; decay; decompose. 

Run to seed. Use up vitality in producing seed; figurative of to lose 
vital force. 

Run to waste. Become spoiled, useless or exhausted. 

Rust. To contract or become aflected with rust; become useless 
from neglect or inaction. 

Sap. Undermine ; weaken ; destroy the foundation of. 

Sap the foundations of. Subvert by destroying the foundation of. 

Scathe. Harm severely ; blast. 

Scotch. Cut slightly; chip. 

Shake. Weaken; render infirm. 

Shend. Injure; spoil; degrade. 

Shrivel. Wither. See Enlargement-Diminution. 

Sophisticate. Make impure; adulterate. 

Spoil. Destroy the usefulness or value of; decay. 

Spring a leak. Begin to leak. 

Stab. Pierce with a pointed instrument, as a dagger; wound. 

Stain, etc. See Uncleanness. 

Start. Draw away the contents of; become dislocated. 

Surbate. To bruise; to fatigue. 

Swale. To waste away by melting; singe. 

Sweal. Scorch; swale; singe. 

Taint. Corrupt; infect; sully. 

lamper with. Meddle with so as to injure. 

Totter. Waver 

Totter to its fall. Stagger, threatening to fall. 

DETERIORATION— Verbs— Continued. 
Defile. Make impure; pollute. 
Deflower. Take away the purity of. 
Degenerate. Become worse; deteriorate. 
Degrade. Debase; degenerate. 
Demoralize. Deteriorate in morals. 
Denaturalize. Make unnatural; deprive of citizenship. 
Deprave. Make bad or worse, especially in morals. 
Despoil. Deprive of by force; pillage. 
Destroy. Ruin; lay waste. See Creation-Destruction. 
Deteriorate. Make or become worse; degenerate. 
Die Lose life; expire. See Life-Death. 

Dilapidate. Deteriorate like a stone wall; decay; fall into ruin. 
Discolor. Change the natural color of; put a false color on. 
Disfigure. Injure the form of; make worse in appearance. * 
Dismantle. Divest of furniture and equipments. 
Dismast. Take away the mast or masts of. 
Disorganize. Throw into disorder; disarrange. 
Do one's worst. Put forth one's worst efforts. 

Droop. Let hang down; sink from lack of vigor or spirit ; decline. 
Ebb. Fail; decline; recede, as the tide. 
Embase. Degrade ; deteriorate. 
Embitter. Make bitter, sad, morose. 
Empoison. Make bitter; injure; deteriorate. 
Envenom. Poison; embitter. 
Erode. Eat away; corrode. 
Exulcerate. Corrode. 

Fade. Become indistinct; lose color, spirit, vigor. 
Fall into decay. Become corrupt; deteriorate. 
"Fall into the sear and yellow leaf." Wither. [Macbeth, V, «".] 
Fall off. Deteriorate; depreciate. 
Gnaw. Waste away little by little; corrode. 
Gnaw at the root of. Eat away the root by slow degreei. 
Go bad. Go astray. 
Go down, etc. See Ascent-Descent. 
Go down hill. Get worse and worse. 
Go farther and fare worse. Go from bad to worse. 
Gooff. Deteriorate; decline. 
Go on from bad to worse. Deteriorate. 
Go to decay. Become corrupt; deteriorate. 
Hamstring. Disable by cutting the tendons of the knee; hence 

Harm. Wrong", injure; damage. 

Have seen better days. Be in a deteriorated condition. 
Hit between wind and water. Injure at the load line, the danger-line 

of a ship. 

Hough. Disable; hamstring. 

Hurt. Harm; injure. 

Impair. Lessen in value or quantity. 

Infect. Corrupt; communicate infectious matter to. 

Injure. Harm; damage. 

Inquinate. Pollute; befoul. 

Jump out of the frying pan into the fire. Go from bad to worse. 

Knock down. Overthrow by a blow. 

Labefy. Impair; weaken. 

Lame. Make lame. 

Lapse. Deteriorate in moral conduct; slip from the right. 

Leaven. Ferment by the action of leaven; vitiate. 

Maim. Disable; impair. 

Mangle. Mutilate; make a blundering job of. 

Mar. Impair; injure. 

Mine. To ruin gradually and secretly. 

Molder. To crumble or waste away. 

Mutilate. Disfigure; maim. 

Overrun. Ravage; infest. 

Perish. Die; decay. See Creation-Destruction. 

Pervert. Corrupt; turn from its proper use. 

Pierce. Penetrate ; make an opening into 

Pillage. Plunder; strip. See Theft. 

Play havoc among. Spread destruction among. 

Play havoc with. Lay waste; destroy. 

Play sad havoc among. 

Play sad havoc with. 

Play the deuce among. Euphemistic for play the devil among. 

Play the deuce with. Euphemistic for play the devil with. 

Play the , , .. •»_,-» 

„. '. . .. t ■.. 1" Do much harm ; throw into disorder. 

Play the mischief with. > 

Play the very devil among.) T - . 

r>i *u j -i ■,!. I Injure extremely. 

Play the very devil with. ) 

Poison. Administer poison to; corrupt; prejudice. 

Pollute. Corrupt; defile. 

(Continued on Column 1.) 




DETERIORATION— Verbs— Continued. 

Undermine. To ruin secretly or stealthily. 

Vitiate. Impair; contaminate. 

Wane, etc. Decline gradually. See Increase-Dkckeask. 

Warp. Turn from its true path; deviate. 

Waste. Use unnecessarily ; squander; make desolate 

Weaken. Enfeeble; lessen in strength. See Strength-Weakness. 
Wear away. Impair or destroy gradually ; consume. 
Wear out. Make useless; consume the strength of. 
Wither. Deteriorate for want of moisture; blight; languish. 
Wound. Hurt with violence; cause grief to. 

Deterioration — Adjectives. 

All the worse for. Injured on account nf. 
Altered. Changed. 

Altered for the worse. Changed so as to be worse than before. 
At a low ebb. In a low condition. 
Battered. Beaten so as to be bruised or deteriorate 1. 
Blighted. Blasted; marred. 
Broken dowm Enfeebled; dilapidated. 
Cankered. Affected with tanker; ill-natured. 
Crumbling, Falling into decay or ruin; deteriorating. 
Decayed, etc. Deteriorated as to physical or social condition; rot- 
ten, etc. See Verbs. 
Deciduous. Falling off; subject to be shed periodically. 

DecrepU.' f. Worn ° ut; enf « bled ' 

Degenerate. Deteriorated in worth or goodness. 

Deleterious, etc. Hurtful; pernicious. See Goodness-Badness. 

Depraved, etc. Morally corrupt. See Virtue-Vice. 

Deteriorated, etc. Having become wi r <■, etc. See Verbs. 

Dilapidated. Decayed; partially ruined. 

Discolored. Altered in ci 1' >T ; stained. 

Done for. Tired out; destroyed. 

Done up. Exhausted. 

Effete. Not able to produce any longer; exhausted; sterile. 

Faded. Deteriorated in color, freshness or brightness. 

Far gone. Very much deteriorated. 

Fatigued. Worn out; tired. Sec Entertainment-Weariness. 

Fit for the dust hole. Valueless; useless. 

Fit for the waste-paper basket. Valueless; useless. 

Imperfect. Defective. See Faultlbssness-Faultinbss. 

In a bad way. Badly situated. 

Injured, etc. Damaged; hurt; harmed. See Verbs, 

Mildewed. Tainted with mildew. 

Moldering. Crumbling into small pieces. 

Moldy. Covered over with or containing mold. 

Moss-grown. Grown over with moss. 

Moth-eaten. Eaten by moths. 

Nodding to its fall. See Creation-Destruction. 

On one's last legs. On the brink of ruin. 

On the decline. Declining; deteriorating. 

On the wane. Decreasing. 

Out of repair. In bad condition. 

Out of tune. Discordant; inharmonious. 

Aegrcscit medendo [L.]. The remedy is worse than the disease. 

bet'-ting. Laying as a wager. Purpose-Luck. 

bet'-ting-house". Place for gambling. Purpose-Luck. 

bet'-ting-ring". Place for staking money. Purpose- 

be-tween'. In the middle. Environment-Interposi- 
tion; between ourselves, Enlightenment-Secrecy; 
between two fires, Security-Insecurity; far be- 
tween, " like angels' visits," [Campbell], Environ- 
ment-Interposition; vibrate between two extremes, 

be-twixt'. Between. Environment-Interposition. 

bev'-el. Slanting. Parallelism-Inclination. 

be'-ver. A lunch between meals. Nutriment-Ex- 

bev'-er-age. Drink. Nutriment-Excretion. 

be-vue'. Error. Success-Failure. 

bev'-y. A flock of birds. Gather ing-Scattering, 

be-wail'. To lament. Contentedness-Regret, 

be-ware'. To be cautious. Warning. 

be-wil'-der. Puzzle. Astonishment-Expectance, 
Certainty-Doubt. Heed-Disregard. 

be-wil'-der-ment. Entanglement. Astonishment- 
Expectance, Knowledge-Ignorance, Certainty- 

Pass* [F.]. Faded. 

Past cure, etc. See Sanguineness-Hopelessness. 


Reduced. Diminished in size, value, etc. 

Reduced to a skeleton. Flcshless; emaciated. 

Retrograde. Declining toward a worse state. See Advance-Re- 

Rotten. Decomposed naturally; putrid. 

Rusty. Covered with rust; deteriorated from disuse. 

Second-hand. Not new; of inferior grade. 

Seedy. Like a plant run to seed ; shabby. 

Shabby. Ragged; paltry; despicable. 

Shaken. Injured, as by a shock. 

Spoiling, etc. Corrupting, et< . S< e Virbs. 

Spotted. Stained with spots. 

Sprung. Strained, cracked, so as to be useless. 

Stale. Deteriorated from standing. 

Tabid. Deteriorated gradually by the complaint called tabes. 

Tainted. Deteriorated by being imbued with something odious, 
harmful or poisonous. 

Time-worn. Worn out or deteriorated by t i 

Tottering, etc. See Security-Insecurity. 

The worse for. Impaired by. 

The worse for wear. Impaired or deteriorated by wear. 

Threadbare. Worn out to the threads. 

Undermined. Secretly deteriora 

Unimproved, etc. See Betterment. 

Used up. Consumed; exhausted. 

Wasted. Needlessly deteriorated. 

Weather-beaten. Deteriorated by exposure to the weather. 

Weathered. Wi ni av. ay by exposure to the atmosphere. 

Wilted. Deteriorat' heat. 

Withering. Tending to fade or wilt. 

Worm-eaten. Deteriorated by being eaten by worms. 

Worn. Deteriorated; impaired. 

Worn out. Wholly deteriorated. 

Worn to a shadow. 

Worn to a thread, i 

Worn to raps f repressions denoting degrees of deterioration. 

Worn to the stump. 
Worse. Less good. 

N — Phrases, 

Out of the frying pan into the fire. From bad to worse. 

be-witch'. Charm. Devotion-Magic, Love-Hate, 
Motive-Caprice, Pleasurableness-Pain fulness. 

be-witch'-ery. Fascination. Devotion-Magic. 

be-witch'-ing. Charming. Pleasurableness-Pain- 

bey. A Turkish governor. Chief-Underling. 

be-yond'. On the further side; surpassing. Remote- 
ness-Nearness, Supremacy-Subordinacy; beyond 
compare, Magnitudb-Smallness, Supremacy-Sub- 
ordinacv; beyond control, Possibility-Impossi- 
bility; beyond expression, Magnitude-Smallness; 
beyond hope, Success-Failure, Welfare-Mi 
tune; beyond measure, Excess-Lack; beyond one's 
depth, Clearness-Obscurity, Deepxess-Shai.i.ow- 
ness, Vigor-Inertia; beyond one's grasp, Possi- 
bility-Impossibility; beyond possibility, Possi- 
bility-Impossibility; beyond praise, Approval-Dis- 
approval, Faultlessness-Faultinbss, Virtue- 
Vice; beyond price, Costliness-Cheapness; beyond 
question, Certainty-Doubt; beyond reason, Possi- 
bility-Impossibility; beyond remedy, Sanguine- 
ness-Hopelessness; beyond seas, Constituent- 
Alien; beyond the mark, Excess-Lack, Transcur- 
sion-Shortcoming; go beyond, Transcursion- 




bi'-as. Weight on one side; partiality. Affection-, 
Decision-Misjudgment, Inclination, Parallel- 
ism-Inclination, Sagacity-Incapacity. 

bib. A cloth worn under the chin; tipple. Dress- 
Undress, Teetotalism-Intemperance. 

bi-ba'-cious. Given to drinking. Teetotalism-In- 

bib'-ber. An habitual drinker. Jubilation-Lamen- 
tation, Teetotalism-Intemperance. 

bib'-ble-bab"-ble. Prating. Talkativeness-Taci- 

bibendum est nunc [L.] (bi-ben'-dum est nunc). Now 
is the time for drinking. Teetotalism-Intem- 

Bi'-ble. The sacred Scriptures. Assertion-Denial, 

bib'-lic-al. Pertaining to the Bible. Revelation- 

bib"-li-og'-ra-phy. A history of books. Missive- 

bib"-li-ol'-a-try. Book worship. Devotion-Idolatry, 
Knowledge-Ignorance, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

bib"-li-ol'-o-gy. Biblical literature; a treatise on books. 

bib'-li-o-man"-cy. Divination by Bible verses. Proph- 

bib"-lio-ma'-ni-a. Book madness. Knowledge- 

bib"-lio-ma'-ni-ac. One who has a rage for possessing 
old books. Scholar-Dunce. 

bib'-li-o-pole. A bookseller. Missive-Publication. 

bib"-li-op'-o-list. A bookseller. Missive-Publication. 

bib"-li-o-the'-ca. A library. Missive-Publication. 

bib'-u-lous. Apt to drink. Nutriment-Excretion. 

bice. A blue or green pigment. Blueness-Orange. 

bi'-cen-ten"-ni-al. A fiftieth anniversary. Periodic- 

bi'-ceps. A muscle of the arm. Anatomy. 

bick'-er. A petty dispute. Agitation, Variance- 

bi-col'-or. Two colors. Variegation. 

bi-con'-ju-gate. Half conjugate. Doubling-Halving. 

bi-cus'-pid. Double-pointed. Doubling-Halving. 

bi'-cy-cle. A two-wheeled vehicle. Conveyance- 

bid. To offer; to command. Order, Proffer-Re- 
fusal; bid a long farewell, Quest-Abandonment; 
bid defiance, Defiance; bid fair, Inclination, Like- 
lihood-Unlikelihood, Prophecy, Sanguineness- 
Hopelessness; bid for, Exchange, Petition-Ex- 
postulation, Proffer-Refusal, Purpose-Luck, 
bid the banns, Matrimony-Celibacy. 

bid'-der. One who bids. Petitioner. 

bide. To dwell. Earliness-Lateness, Excitability- 
Inexcitability, Mutation-Permanence; bide one's 
time, Expectation-Disappointment, Action-Pas- 

siveness, Earliness-Lateness, Expectation-Sur- 

bi-det'. A small horse. Conveyer. 

bien perdu, bien connu [F.] (bi-an'' per-dii', bi-an ,r 
con-nu'). Blessing flown is blessing known. Oppor- 

bien sans peine, nul [F.] (bi-an p/ son' pen, nul). No 
good without pain. Pleasurableness-Painful- 

bi-en'-ni-al. Occurring every two years. Fauna- 
Flora, Periodicity-Irregularity. 

bien"-se-ance'. Decorum. Politeness-Impoliteness, 

bier. A coffin. Life-Funeral. 

bi-fa'-cial. Double-faced. Doubling-Halving. 

bi-fa'-ri-ous. Living on two substances. Doubling- 

bi'-fid. Two cleft. Doubling-Halving. 

bi'-fold. Two-fold. Doubling-Halving. 

bi'-form. Two-form. Doubling-Halving. 

bi-form'-i-ty. Doubleness of form. Duality. 

bi-fur'-cate. Two-forked. Angularity, Doubling- 

bi-fur'-ca-ted. Having two forks. Doubling-Halving. 

bi-fur-ca'-tion. Division into two branches. Cover- 
Lining, Doubling-Halving. 

bi-fur'-cous. Forked. Doubling-Halving. 

big. Large; fruitful. Enlargement-Diminution, 
Greatness-Littleness, Magnitude-Smallness; 
big sounding, Loudness-Faintness, Simplicity- 
Floridness, Society-Affectation; big swoln, En- 
largement-Diminution; big with, Creation-De- 
struction; big with the fate of, Prophecy; look big, 
Defiance, Presumption-Obsequiousness, Self- 
respect-Humbleness; talk big, Amity-Hostility, 
Charitableness-Menace, Presumption-Obsequi- 

big'-a-mist. One guilty of bigamy. Matrimony- 

big'-a-my. The crime of having two wives or hus- 
bands at once. Matrimony-Celibacy. 

big'-gin. A little pitcher. Contents-Receiver. 

bight. A small bay; the coil of a rope. Gulf-Lake. 

big'-ness. Largeness. Greatness-Littleness. 

big'-ot. One unreasonably devoted to a party or creed. 
Bigotry-Apostasy, Certainty-Doubt, Decision- 
Misjudgment, Godliness-Ungodliness, Ortho- 
doxy-Heterodoxy, Patriotism-Treason. 

big'-ot-ed. Stubbornly attached to a cause or creed. 
Bigotry-Apostasy, Godliness-L t ngodliness, Or- 
ganization-Disorganization, Orthodox y-Hetek- 

big'-ot-ry. Obstinate attachment to a cause or creed 
Bigotry -Apostasy, Credulousness -Skepticism. 
Godliness-Ungodliness, Organization-Disorgan- 
ization, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 


Bigotry. Obstinate and unreasonable attachment to a cause or 

Contumacy. Proud, insolent defiance of authority. 
Dogmatism. Uncompromising or arrogant assertion. 
Fanaticism. Extravagant or irrational zeal. 
Immovability. Unchangeableness. 
Indocility. Unteachableness. 
Infatuation. Extravagant or irrational passion. 
Inflexibility. Unyielding stiffness; obstinacy. See Hardness. 
Intolerance. Illiberality; bigotry. 
Monomania. Unreasonable pursuit of one idea. 
Obduracy. Stubbornness. 
Ohduration. Obstinacy. 

Obstinacy. Unreasonable adherence to an opinion. 
Obstinateness. Persistent and unreasonable resolution. See 


Abjuration. Solemn rejection or repudiation. 

Abjurement. Renunciation. 

Afterthought. Reflection after an act. 

Apostasy. Desertion of one's faith, principles, or party. 

Backsliding. Falling back into sin or error. 

Change of intention. Alteration of intention. 

Change of mind. Alteration of mind. 

Change of purpose. Alteration of purpose. 

Coquetry. Trifling in love. 

Defection. Abandoning of a person or cause to which one i» 

bound by duty or allegiance. See Abandonment. 
Disavowal. Denial of anything. See Denial. 
Going over, etc. Sr<- I , rb 

Palinode. An ode retracting a former one; retraction. 
Palinody. See Palinode. 
Recantation. Disavowal of an opinion previously held. 





Opiniativenes9. 1 Determination to express one's opinions regardless 
Opiniatry. J of others. 

Perseverance. Persistence in purpose and effort. 

Pervicacity. I -.. . 

_ * \ Obstinacy. 

Pervicacy. J 

Resolution, Steadiness and firmness. 

Self-will. Stubbornness; obstinacy. 

Tenacity. Stubbornness ; adhesiveness. 

Zealotry. Immoderate partizanship. 

Bigotry — Associated Nouns. 

Blind side A nature which is unable to heed or endure the opinions 

of others, or the approach of danger. 
Dogged resolution. Sullen or obstinate determination. 
Fixed idea. Determination regarding. 
Mule. An animal noted for its stubbornness; hence, a stubborn 

Old school. A member of a class of persons opposed to change in 

Ruling passion. An influence or power which controls or regulates 

one's thoughts or deeds. *' Strong in death " [Pope]. 
Bigotry — Nouns of Agent. 
Bigot. Unreasonable devotee of a party or creed. 
Dogmatist. One who asserts positively without proof. 
Enthusiast. One who imagines himself filled with some particular 

revelation; a zealot. 
Fanatic. One filled with unreasonable zeal. 

. . * f One who is dogged in his own opinion. 

Opinionationist. ) ,-. , . .. . . . . 

« . . r One who is conceited in his own opinions. 

Stickler. An obstinate contender. 
Zealot. An immoderate partizan. 

Bigotry — Verbs. 
Be obstinate, etc. See Adjectives. 

Be wedded to an opinion. To be obstinate in an opinion. 
Die hard. Not to give up easily. 

Fight against destiny. To fight against what cannot be overcome. 
Fly in the face of facts. To be unreasonably opinionated. 
Have one's own way. To be stubborn. See Volition. 
Have the last word. To insist on anything with great zeal. 
Hug a belief. To insist irrationally upon a belief or doctrine. 
Insist on having the last word. Argue to the end. 
Not to yield an inch. Not to give way. 
Opiniate. To persist. 

Persist. To adhere firmly to an opinion. See Persistence. 
Stand out. To continue in opposition. 
Stickle. To contend about matters of slight importance. 
Take no denial. Persist. 

Bigotry — Adjectives. 
Arbitrary. Despotic; fixed; obstinate. 
Bigoted. Obstinate and unreasonable. 
Case-hardened. Made callous to outside influences. 
Contumacious . Rebellious ; stubborn . 
Cross-grained. Perverse; hard to persuade. 
Deaf to advice. Stubborn. 
Dogged. Obdurate ; persistent like a dog. 
Dogmatic. Arrogant; positively sure. 
Entetf [F.]. Obstinate; headstrong. 
Hard-mouthed. Having a hard mouth like a horse; therefore not 

easily controlled. 
Headstrong. Insisting upon one's own way; stubborn. 
Heady. Headstrong. 

Hidebound. Narrow minded", fixed in one's opinions. 
Immovable. Not to be moved. 
Impersuasible. Not to be persuaded. 
Impervious. Impenetrable. 

Impervious to reason. Unreasonable; stubborn. 
Impracticable. Difficult to get along with, unreasonable, headstrong. 
Incorrigible. Not to be corrected. 

Inert. Without the power to move; slow. See Vigor-Inertia. 
Infatuated. Unreasonably filled with a desire for something. 
Inflexible. Not to be turned from an opinion. See Hardness. 
Intractable. Unruly, not easily controlled. 
Mulish. Like a mule in stubbornness. 
Not to be moved. Intractable. 
Obdurate. Inexorable, unyielding. 
Obstinate. Irrationally persistent in one's opinions. 
Obstinate as a mule. Stubborn as a mule. 
Perverse. Unreasonable; wilfully intractable. 
Pervicacious. Very obstinate or stubborn. 

Redintegratio amoris [L.]. Renewal of love. 

Renunciation. Formal rejection or declination. 

Repentance. Sorrow for something one has done or omitted 

to do. See Repentance. 
Retractation. I The act of recalling something which has been done 
Retraction, J or said. 
Reversal. The act of turning back. 

Revok m n't / *^ e act °^ ca ^ un 8 back a thing granted. 

Tergiversation. Fickleness; the act of turning back. 

Vacillation. Irresolution; unsteadiness of opinion. See D» 

Withdrawal. The act of taking back an assertion. 

Apostasy — Nouns of Agent. 

Ambidexter. A double-dealer. 

Apostate. One who has fallen away from his faith or belief. 

Backslider. One who has returned to his former evil practises. 

Convert. One who has been turned from his old belief. 

Deserter. One who forsakes a duty, party, cause, or friend, o* 

any one to whom he owes service. 
Janus. A Latin deity represented with two faces looking in opposite 

directions; hence, a deceiver. 
Pervert. One who has turned to error, especially in religion. 
Proselyte. A convert to some religion or religious sect. 
Rat. One who deserts his party or associates- 
Renegade. One faithless to principle or party. 

Time-pleaser. \ One who complies with prevailing opinions whatever 
Time-server. ) they may be. 
Timist. A time-server. 
Trimmer. A time-server. 
Turncoat. I . . . 

Turntippet. F A r - n ^de; deserter. 

Vicar of Bray. Rev. Simon Alleyn, or one like him. He was Vicar 
through four reigns (Henry VIII — Elizabeth), papist twice, 
Protestant twice. 

Weathercock. Fickle, inconstant person. SeeMuTABiLiTY-STADiLiTY- 

Apostasy — Verbs. 

Abjure. Renounce upon oath. 

Apostatize. Forsake one's faith. 

Back out of. Retreat from an opinion or position. 

Blow hot and cold. To appear to be in favor of both sides of a 
question, be inconsistent. 

Box the compass. To go over the points of the compass in order and 

Change from one side to another. 

Change one's— intention, — mind, — note, — purpose. 

Change sides. Change one's party. 

Come back to one's first love. To return to one's first opinions. 

Come, — over, — round — to an opinion. 

Coquet. To trifle with. 

Draw in one's horns. To restrain one's ardor. 

Eat one's words. Retract. 

Eat the leek. [Welsh.] To retract. 

Flinch. To retreat in time of danger. 

Forswear. To renounce, repudiate. 

Go over from one side to another. 

Go to the right about. To change one's opinion. 

Go upon another tack. To follow another belief. 

Hold with the hare, but run with the hounds. To wish to serve both 
sides; be inconsistent; be undecided. 

Nager cntre deux eaux [F.]. Swim between two waters; be unde- 

Pass from one side to another. 

Play fast and loose. To try to serve both sides of a question. 

Rat. To desert one's party, as rats a falling house. 

Recall. To revoke. 

Recant. To withdraw from a former opinion. 

Renounce. To forswear; refuse to acknowledge. 

Rescind. To cancel; repeal. See Commission-Abrogation;. 

Retrace one's steps. To go back; retract. 

Retract. To withdraw from an opinion. 

Return to one's first love. Return to one's first opinion. 

Revoke. To make void by repealing. 

Shift one's ground. To vacillate. 

Shuffle. To change one's position; shift one's ground- 
Skip from one side to another. To change one's position or idw 
upon a subject. 





BIGOTRY — Adjectives — Continued. 

Pig-headed. Stupidly obstinate. 
Positive. Certain of one's opinions. 
Prejudiced. Biased. 
Prepossessed. Biased; prejudiced. 
Refractory. Not easy to control. 

Restiff. 1 Recalc j trant; stubborn. 

Restive. J 

Resty. Restive. 

Self-willed. Headstrong; stubborn. 

Stiff-backed, -hearted, -necked. Not easily bent, stubborn. 

Stubborn. Inflexible; opinionated. 

Sulky. Morose; sullen. 

Sullen. Untractable; obstinate. 

Tenacious. Holding fast to. 

Unaffected. Not to be moved in the feelings. 

Unchangeable. Not to be turned away from one's opinions. 

Uninfluenced. Not influenced. 

Unmoved. Not moved. 

Unpersuadible. Not to be persuaded. 

Unruly. Not to be governed. 

Untractable. Not easily ruled. 

Unyielding. Not giving way. 

Wayward. Disobedient. 

Wilful. Determined to have one's own way. 

Bigotry — Adverbs. 
Stubbornly; in an obstinate manner, etc. 


Obstinately, etc. 

Bigotry — Phrases. 

lis n'ont rieti appris ni rien oublie' [F.]. They have learned nothing 

and forgotten nothing. 
.Vom possumus [L.]. We cannot. 
No surrender. Not to give up. 

APOSTASY — Verbs — Continued. 

Swallow the leek. Retract. 

Swerve. To turn from any course or principle. 

Think better of it. To hold in greater esteem. 

Trim. To regulate one's conduct by the popular will. 

Turn a pirouette. To turn a somersault ; change sides completely. 

Turn around. Change about. 

Turn over a new leaf, etc. To repent, etc. See Repentance-Ob. 

Unsay. To retract what one has said. 
Veer around. Wheel about. 
Wait to see how the — cat jumps, — wind blows. To bide one's time 

in making a decision. 
Wheel around. To change entirely in one's opinions. 
Withdraw from. To retract. 

Apostasy — Adjectives, 

Ambidextrous. Two-sided, double-faced, with two right hands. 

Changeful. Given to alteration. See Mutability. 

Coquetting, etc. Trifling, etc. See Verbs. 

Ductile. Easily led. 

Irresolute. Indecisive; hesitating. See Determination -Vacil- 

Reactionary. Pertaining to the tendency to return to a former- 

Revocatory. Rescinding. 

Slippery as an eel. Ready to use evasions. 

Time-serving. Servile; complying with ruling powers. 

Trimming. Fluctuating 

Apostasy — Phrase. 
"A change came o'er the spirit of my dream." [Byron.] 

big'-wig". A person of importance. Gentility-Com- 
monalty, Sage-Fool, Scholar-Dunce. 

bi"-jou'. A jewel. Beauty-Ugliness, Embellish- 
ment-Disfigurement, Goodness-Badness. 

bil'-an-der. A small two-masted vessel. Conveyance- 

bi-lat'-er-al. Two-sided. Doubling-Halving, Later- 


bil'-bo. A sword; a fetter. Weapon. 

bil'-boes. Fetters. Release-Prison; put into bilboes, 

bile. A liquor secreted by the liver. Favorite-Anger. 

bilge. To cause to bulge; the flat part of aship's bot- 
tom. Aperture-Closure, Convexity-Concavity, 
Top-Bottom; bilge-water, Cleanness-Filthiness. 

bil'-ious. Suffering from disordered condition of the 
liver. Lightheartedness-Dejection. 

bilk. Cheat. Expectation-Disappointment, Theft, 

bill. Beak of a bird; an account of debt. Accounts, 
Design, Litigation, Missive-Publication, Money, 
Price-Discount, Publicity, Record, Security, 
Sharpness-Bluntness, Sign, Weapon; bill and coo, 
Blandishment; bill of exchange, Money, Security; 
bill of fare, Design, Nutriment-Excretion, Rec- 
ord; bill of indictment, Justification-Charge; bill 
of sale, Security; bills of mortality, Life-Death; 
true bill, Litigation. 

bil'-let. Ornament. Architecture. 

bil'-let. To quarter soldiers. Assignment, Estab- 
lishment-Removal, Sign. 

billet [F.] (bil-e). A letter. Missive-Publication. 

billet-doux [F .] (bil"-i-du'). A brief love-letter. Bland- 
ishment, Missive-Publication. 

bill'-head". A heading on paper used for making out 
bills. Sign. 

bill'-hook". A hook for bills. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

bil'-liard. A game. Billiard-ball, Roundness; bil- 
liard-room, Contents - Receiver; billiard -table, 

bil'-liards. A game. Entertainment-Weariness. 

bil'-lings-gate". [A gate of London by the fish-market.} 
Vulgar language. Charitableness-Curse, Word- 

bil'-lion. According to the English, a million millions; 
to the French, a thousand millions. Five-Quinque- 

bil'-low. A great wave. River-Wind, Ocean-Land. 

bil'-ly. A short club. Attack-Defense, Weapon. 

bil'-ly-cock. A felt hat. Dress-Undress. 

bil'-ly-goat. A he-goat. Male-Female. 

bin. A box for holding. Contents-Receiver. 

bi'-na-ry. Double. Duality; binary stars, Astronomy. 

bind. To tie; to confine. Coercion, Cover-Lining, 
Duty-Dereliction, Terms. Union-Disunion; bind 
hand and foot, Release-Restraint; bind oneself, 
Engagement-Release; bind over, Coercion; bind 
up wounds, Renovation-Relapse. 

bine. A climbing stem of a plant. Fauna-Flora. 

bin-oc'-u-lar. Having two eyes. Optical Instruments. 

bi-no'-mi-al. Having two names. Duality. 

bi"-o-gen'-e-sis. The doctrine that life is generated 
from living beings only. Biology - , Creation-De- 

bi-og"-ra-pher. Writer of lives. Account. Recorder. 

bi-og'-ra-phy. A history of one's life and character. 

bi-ol'-o-gy. The science of life. Biology, Lite- 
Death, Organization-Disorganization. 

Biology — Associaitd Words 

Abiogenesis. Spontaneous generation. 

Absorption. The taking up of food into the circulation. 

Accretion. The growing together of parts m in ally separate. 

Anatomy. Science of the structure of organisms. 

Antherozoid. Male fecundating body in lowes t i lant life. 

Assimilation. The changing of digested nutrin i ■ I into the tissues 

and fluids of the body. 
Atrophy. ■'■'■ i>i>.ir. : t '. i •• .v :■..'... . 
Bacteria. Microscopic organisms, some of which cause diseases. 




Biogenesis. Generation of liie from living beings. 

Ceil. Smallest element of an organized body manifesting independ- 
ent activity. 

Conjugation. Union of cells or individuals for reprodui tion 

Digestion. The process of changing food so that it can be a 
lated by the body. 

Embryo. The undevel iped germ oi an organism. 

Excretion. The process of getting rid of waste matter in the body 

Fermentation. Decomposition oi an organic compound caused by 
living organisms. 

Fertilization. Pn icess of the male element combining with the fi 

Function. The action ol a gan <>; the body. 

Gemination. Duplication. 

Germination. The sprouting ol a seed, et< 

Hermaphrodite. An individual having the generative organs of 
both sexes. 

Hit.Togamy. Alternating of sexual and par I hen. , 

Histology. Microscopic anatomy. 

Ingestion. Act of taking into the stomach. 

Larva. The state of an animal in which a metamorphosis takes 
place before assuming the mature form. 

Metabolism. Proi ess of building and destruction of cells 

Metamorphosis. Change in foi 

Mutagenesis. The production of sexes by nonsexual means. 

Molecule. Smallest part of a substance that can i tisl epara 

Monad. A primary element, changeless and indivisible. 

Moaogenesis. The opposite of metogenesis. 

Morphology. Science ol organic forms. 

Nutrition Process ol promoting growth and replenishing the waste- 
matter in living organisms. 

Ontogeny. History of the development of the individual 

Oogenesis. Origin and development of the ovum. 

Ovary. Organ of the female producing parts essential for generation. 

Ovum. The cell in an ovary from which a new individual is prodw ed . 

Oxidation. The process of uniting something with oxygi n 

Parthenogenesis. Production without the intervention of thi 

Phylogeny. History of the development of a species 

Physiology. Science of the tunc lions of the organs of the body. 

Polymorphism. The condition of several forms of structure existing 
in the same species. 

Protoplasm. Semi-liquid forming the principal portion of a cell. 

Protozoa. A primary division, consisting of organisms ol a single 

Putrefaction. Decaying of animal or vegetable matter. 

Reproduction. The process of an animal or plant producing another 
of its kind. 

Secretion. The process of taking from the blood or sap materials 
which are changed into new substances. 

Spermary. Generative gland of the male. 

Spermatozoon. Essential fertilizing element of the male 

Sterilization. Process of destroying bacteria; rendering barren. 

Teratology. Science of abnormal growths. 

bip'-a-rous. Twin-like. Duality. 

bi-par'-tite. Two parted. Doubling-Halving. 

bi"-par-ti'-tion. Result of division into two parts. 

bi"-plic'-i-ty. Doubleness. Duality. 

bi-quad'-rate. A fourth power. Quadruplication- 

birch. A tree. Exculpation-Punition; birch rod, 

bird. A feathered flying animal. A little bird told me, 
Enlightenment-Secrecy; bird in hand, Holding- 
Exemption, Keeping-Relinquishment; bird of ill 
omen, Portent, Sanguineness-Hopelessness, 
Warning; bird of passage, Wayfarer-Seafarer; 
bird's-eye view, Appearance-Disappearance, Sight- 
Blindness; birds of a feather, Likeness-Unlike- 
ness; kill two birds with one stone, Activity-Indo- 
lence; the bird has flown, Escape, Presence-Ab- 

bird'-cage. Domestication- Agriculture. 

bird'-lime". A bird bait. Connective. Truthful- 

bi-ret'-ta. Red cap worn by a cardinal. Vestments. 

bir'-law. Local custom. Law-Lawlessness. 

birr. To make a whirring noise. Sound-Silence. 

bir'-rus. A hooded storm-cloak. Dress-Undress. 

birth. The act of being born. Beginning-End, 
Creation - Destruction, Gentility-Commonalty, 
Parentage - Progeny , birthday-suit, Dress -Un- 
dress; birthplace, Cause-Effect; birthright, Due- 

birth'-day". The anniversary of one's birth. Perio- 

birth'-mark". A spot or stain on the body from birth. 

bis. Twice. Approval-Disapproval, Recurrence. 

biscuits, s'embarquer .win [!•'.] (bis-cwi', sun-bur ki' 
san). To go to sea without biscuit. Preparation- 


bise. A cold northerly wind. River-Wind. 
bi-sect'. Divide into two parts. DOUBLING-HALVING, 
bi-sec'-ted. Two-fold division. Doubling-Halving. 
bi-sec'-tion. The act of bisecting. Doubling-Halv- 

ING, MlDDLl . 

bish'-op. The head of a diocese. Ministry-Laity, 
Nutriment-Excretion; bishop's palace, Pane; 
bishop's purple, Yellowness-Purple. 

bish'-op-dom. Episcopate. Church. 

bish'-op-ric. A diocese; the office of a bishop. 

bis'-muth. Kind of metal. Chemistry. 

bisque. Biscuit. Nutriment-Excretion. 

bis-sex'-tile year. Leap-year. Astronomy. 

bis'-tou-ry. A knife used in surgery. Siiarpness- 

bis'-tre. A brown pigment. Gray-Brown. 

bi-sul'-cate. Two-grooved. Groove. 

bi-sul'-cous. Tin i turn iwed. Groove. 

bit. A tool for boring; a check; a small quantity. 
Magnitcdi Smai i. ness, Release-Prison, Whole- 
Part; bit between the teeth, Reprisal-Resistai 
bit by bit, Quantity-Measure, Swiftness-Slow- 
ness, Universality-Particularity, V hole-Part. 

bitch. A she-dog. Male-Female, Purity-Rake, 
Skill-Unsk i i.fu i.ness, Success-Failure. 

bite. To seize with the teeth; a morsel of food t - 
cheat. Engraving, Gull-Deceivfr, Heating- 
Cooling, Nutriment-Excretion, 1': : asurable- 
ness-Painpulness, Sensuality-Suffering, Truth- 
fulness-Fraud; bite in, Engraving. Groove; bite 
the dust, Success-Failure. Yielding; bite the 
thumb, Favorite-Anger, Regard-Disrespect. 

bi'-ter. One who bites. Biter bit, Reprisal-Resist- 

bi'-ting. Keen; nipping. Approval-Disapproval, 
Heat-Cold, Pleasurableness- Painfullness, Po- 
liteness-Impoliteness, Pungency. 

bit'-ten. Wounded with the teeth. Love-Hate. 

bit'-ter. Poignant; sharp. Charitableness-Malev- 
olence, Favorite-Anger, Heat-Cold, Love-Hate, 
Pai.atableness-Unpalatableness, Pleasurabi.e- 
ness-Painfulness, Politeness-Impoliteness, Pun- 
gency; bitter pill, Love-Hate, Pleasurableness- 
Painfulness, Welfare-Misfortune; bitter words, 

bit'-ter-ly. In a bitter manner. Heat-Cold, Magni- 

bit'-ter-ness. Sharpness; deep resentment. Content- 
edness-Regret, Favorite-Anger, Love-Hate, 

bit'-ter-sweet". A plant whose root has at first a bitter 
taste and afterwards a sweet one. Pleasurable- 


bi-tu'-men. Mineral pitch. Pulpiness-Rosin. 

bi-tu'- mi-nous. Containingbitumen. Pulpiness-Rosin. 

biv'-ouac. The night-watch of an army. Dweller- 
Habitation, Establishment-Removal, Movement- 
Rest. Warning. 

bi-week'-ly. Once in two weeks. Periodicity-Irrec- 




bi-zarre'. Fantastic. Conventionality-Unconven- 


blab. To tell a secret. Exposure-Hidingplace. 

blab'-ber. To prattle. Talkativeness-Taciturnity. 

black. Destitute of color; a negro. Light-Dark- 
ness, Whiteness-Blackness, Virtue-Vice; black 
and blue, Exculpation-Punition; black and white, 
Color-Achromatism, Light-Darkness, Mark- 
Obliteration, Writing-Printing; black art, Devo- 
tion-Magic; black book, Justification-Charge; 
black eagle, Patriotism-Treason; black eye, Excul- 
pation-Punition; black flag, Fighting-Concili- 
ation; black hole, Gathering-Scattering, Re- 
lease-Prison; black in the face, Assertion-Denial, 
Emotion, Excitation; black lead, Printing; black 
letter, Novelty-Antiquity, Word-Neology, Writ- 
ing-Printing; black looks, Approval-Disapproval, 
Favorite-Moroseness, Politeness-Impoliteness; 
blackmail, Plunder, Recompense-Punition, Theft; 
black sheep, Good Man-Bad Man ; black spots in the 
horizon, Sanguineness-Hopelessness; black swan, 
Conventionality-Unconventionality; look black, 
Contentedness-Discontentment, Emotion, Fa- 
vorite-Anger; prove the black is white, Ratiocina- 

black'-a-moor. A negro. Whiteness-Blackness; 
wash a blackamoor white, Possibility-Impossibil- 

black'-ball". To reject by voting. Inclusion-Omis- 
sion, Sociability-Privacy. 

black'-ber"-ry. The fruit of certain species of Rubus. 

black'-board" . A large slate used for writing upon with 
chalk. School, Smoothness-Roughness, Writing- 

black'-browed". Gloomy; threatening. Charitable- 
ness-Menace, Favorite-Moroseness. 

black'-coat". A clergyman. Ministry-Laity. 

black'-death". An Oriental plague. Health-Sick- 

black'-en. To make black; to defame. Adulation- 
Disparagement, Whiteness-Blackness. 

black'-guard. A low fellow. Good Man-Bad Man, 
Politeness-Impoliteness, Taste-Vulgarity, Up- 
rightness-Dishonesty, Uprightness-Rogue. 

black'-guard-ism. The conduct of a blackguard. 

black'-leg. A sharper. Robber. 

black'-list". A list of defaulters. Approval-Dis- 
approval, Labor-Capital. 

black'-mouthed". Using foul language. Flatterer- 

black'-ness. Darkness; without color. Light-Dark- 
ness, Whiteness-Blackness. 

black'-smith". A smith who works in iron. Agent. 

blad'-der. A vessel in the body containing some liquid. 

blade. The cutting part of an instrument ; a dull fellow. 
Activity-Indolence, Adept-Bungler, Instru- 
ment, Male-Female, Sharpness-Bluntness, So- 
ciety-Dandy, Weapon. 

blague. To tell lies in jest. Bragging, Truthful- 

blain. A sore. Convexity-Concavity, Embellish- 

blame. To censure; to find fault with. Approval- 
Disapproval; lay blame on, Approval-Disappro- 
val, Justification-Charge; take blame, Approvai - 

blame-less. Innocent. Innocence-Guilt. 

blame'-wor"-thy. Culpable. Approval-Disapproval, 
Innocence-Guilt, Virtue-Vice. 

blanc-bcc [F.] (bknr-bec'). A greenhorn. Adept- 

blanch. To whiten; evade. Color- Achromatism, 

blanched. Made white. Whiteness-Blackness. 

blanc"-mange'. A jelly-like substance used in cooking. 

bland. Gentle. Politeness-Impoliteness, Turbu- 

blan-dil'-o-quence. Language of courtesy. Adula- 

blan-dil'-o-quent. Flattering. Adulation-Disparage- 

blan'-di-ment. Enticement. Blandishment. 

blan'-dish-ment. Soothing; flattering. Adulation- 
Disparagement, Blandishment, Motive-Caprice. 


Addresses. Loving attention. 
Blandiment. Blandishment. 

Blandishment . The use of flattery and caresses to win the heart- 
Buss. Kiss. 

Caress. Expression of tender feelings by words and actions. 
Caterwauling. Making of cries, the blandishment of cats. 
Coquetry. Art and practise of making oneself noticed and admired. 
Courtship. Attendance on a lady for her love. 
Dalliance. Fondling. 
Deosculation. A kissing. 
Embrace. A holding in the arms. 
Endearment. Acts expressive of affection. 
Upanctiemctit [F.]. An overflowing of feeling. 

FUrtfn' 011 ' } Pretended love-making. See Verbs. 

Fondling. Tender feeling expressed by action. 

Gallantry. Courteous attention on the ladies. 

Honeymoon. Short period after marriage. 

Kiss. A pressing of the lips on something, with a slight sound. 

Osculation. A kissing. 

Salute. An indication of respect on meeting. 

Serenading. Music or noise made at night, especially at the place of 

a marriage. 
Smack. A loud kiss. 
Suit. Courtship. 

Valentine. A sweetheart chosen on St. Valentine's day. 
Wooing. Love-making, especially with promises and vows. 

Blandishment — Associated Words. 

Billet-doux [F.]. A love-letter. 

Love-letter. A letter written by a lover. 

Love-tale. A love-story. 

Love-token. An article given by a lover as a mark of esteem. 

Plighted-love. Love as a pledge for marriage. 

Strephon and Chloe. Lovers in Sidney's Arcadia. 

True-lovers' knot. An ornament given to be worn in token of love. 

Blandishment — Verbs. 

Buss. To kiss loudly. 

Caress. To express love for by words and actions. 

Cherish. To care for 

Clasp. To hold tightly. 

Coax. To persuade in a childish or trivial way. 

Cocker. To indulge. 

Cockle. To treat like a baby. 

Coddle. To pamper. 

Coquet. To try to attract notice and admirers. 

Cosset. To pet. 

Court. Make love to. 

Cuddle. To hold in close embrace. 

Dally. To play at caresses. 

Dandle. To toss up and down in the arms. 

Embrace. To hold in the arms. 

Flirt. To love insincerely. 

Fondle. To play with. 

Foster. To nurture or encourage. 



Hug. To embrace tightly. 

Kiss. To press the lips upon and make a slight noise. 

Nestle. To lie up close to. 

Nuzzle. To snuggle as a babe on its mother's bosom. 

Ogle. To look at in a coquettish manner. 

Pat. To hit lightly in a friendly manner. 

Pet. To stroke with a show of affection. 

Philander. To trifle at courtship. 

' To run about with women. 




BLANDISHMENT— Verbs— Continued 
Propose. To make an oiler of marriage. 
Salute. To give a friendly grei 

Serenade. To make music or big noise at a marriage. 
Smack. To kiss loudly. 
Spoon. To make a show of loving. 
Toy. To trifle. 

Wheedle. To coax by artful and dishonest means. 
Woo. To make love by promises and vows. 

Blandishment — Verbal Expressions. 

Be sweet upon; bill and coo; blow a kiss, to kiss the fingers an 

toward the person; cast sheep's eyes on, to ogle, chuck under the 
chin; die for; faire Us yeux dma [P.], to ogle; fall in love with; 
have an offer; look sweet upon; make an offer; make love; make 
much of; make of; pat on the cheek; pat on the head; pay one's 
addresses to; pay one's attentions to; pay one's court to, to make 
love to; plight one's faith; plight one's troth, to promise oneself 
in marriage ; pop the question, make an offei of marriage; set one's 
cap at, to seek to make love to; smile upon; win the affections 
(see Love). 

Blandishment — Adjectives. 

Caressed. Treated in a caressing manner 

Caressing. Showing affection by words and actions. 

Spoony. Addicted to spooning. 

Love-sick, " sighing like furnace" [Shakespeare], In love. 

blank. Empty; a void space. Entity-Nonentity, 
Substance-Nullity; blank cartridge, Might-Impo- 
tence; look blank, Astonishment-Expectance, 


Disappointment; point blank, Simplicity-Florid- 

blan'-ket. A woolen covering for a bed. Cover- 
Lining, Heating-Cooling; toss in a blanket, Re- 
gard-Disrespect; wet blanket, Turbulence-Calm- 

blare. A roar. Cry-TJlulation. 

blar'-ney. To flatter. Adulation-Disparagement. 

bla"-se'. Sated with pleasure. Astonishment-Ex- 
pectance, Desire- Repletion, Entertainment- 

blas-pheme'. To speak irreverently of God. Godli- 

blas-phe'-mer. Profane speaker. Godliness-Ungod- 

blas'-phe-mous. Impious; irreverent. Godli 

blas'-phe-my. Profane speaking of God. Godliness- 

blast. A gust of wind; explosion of powder. Chari- 
tableness-Curse, Creation-Destruction, Loud- 
ness-Faintness, River-Wind, Turbulence-Calm- 
ness, Welfare-Misfortune. 

blast'-fur"-nace. Smelter. Chemistry. 

bla'-tant. Loud. Cry-Ululation, Sagacity-Inca- 

blath'-er-skite. A blustering fellow. Talkativeness- 

blat'-ter. Clatter. Cry-Ululation. 

blaze. To flame; to publish. Excitation, Hi it- 
Cold, Light-Darkness; blaze abroad, Publicity. 

bla'-zing. Glowing. Luminary-Shade. 

bla'-zon. Proclaim; a coat of arms. Pomp, 
licity, Reputation-Discredit. 

bU, manger son, en herbe [F.] (ble, man'-zhe' son-, air 
arb). To anticipate one's revenues. Extrava- 

bleach. Whiten. Color-Achromatism, Whiteness- 

bleak. Exposed; cold. Heat-Cold. 

blear. To dim. Sight-Dimsightedness, Truthful- 

blear'-eyed. Weak-sighted. Sight-Dimsightedness. 

bleat. The ery of a sheep. Cry-Ululation. 

bleb. A blister. Convexity-Concavity. 

bleed. To let blood. Costliness-Cheapness, Out- 
lay-Income, Pleasure-Pain. Remedy-Bane, 
suality-Suffering; bleed freely, Generosity-Fru- 
gality; make the heart bleed, Pleasurableness- 

bleed'-ing. Losing blood. Nutriment-Excretion 
Rj mliiy-Bane; bleeding heart, Pleasi re-P 

blem'-ish. To mar. Beauty-Ugliness, Betterment- 
Deteri oration, Embellishment-Disfigurement, 

blench. Flinch. Quest-Evasion, Sanguineness- 


blend. Mingle. Composition-Resolution, Mixture- 

blend'-ing. Combining. Composition-Resolution. 

bless. To make happy; to invoke a blessing upon. 
Approval-Disapproval, Di votion-Idolatry, Di- 
vinity, Pleasurableness-Painfulness; bless my 
heart, Astonishment-Expectance; bless one's stars, 
Jubilation-Lamentation, Thankfulness-Thank- 

'. ESS. 

bless'-ed. Beatified. Pleasure-Pain; abode of the 
blessed, Heaven-Hell. 

bless'-ed-ness. Happiness. Single blessedness, un- 
married state, Approval-Disapproval, G >-Evil. 

bless'-ings. Divine favors. Welfare-Misfortune. 

blest. Beatified. Pleasure-Pain; blest with, Hold- 

blet'-on-ism. The power to discover underground 
springs by sensation. Prophecy. 

blight. To blast; to ruin. Betterment-Deterior- 
ation, Welfare-Misfortune; blight hope, Ex- 

blight'-ed. Blasted. Betterment-Deterioration. 

blind. Destitute of sight; a shade. Enlightenment- 
Secrecy, Exposure-Hidingplace, Heed-Disre- 
gard, Knowledge-Ignorance, Luminary-Shade, 
Pretext, Sensitiveness-Apathy, Sight-Blind- 
ness, Truthfulness-Fraud, Volition-Obligation; 
blind alley, Aperture-Closure; blind bargain, Cer- 
tainty-Doubt, Purpose-Luck, Recklessness-! 
tion; blind hookey, Entertainment-Weari:. 
blind lead the blind, Teaching-Misteaching; blind 
man's buff, Entertainment- Weariness; blind 
man's holiday, Light-Darkness; blind of one eye, 
Sight-Dimsightedness; blind side, Bigotry-Apos- 
tasy, Credulousness-Skepticism, Decision-Mis- 
judgment; blind the eyes, Enlightenment-Secrecy, 
Gull-Hyperbole; blind to one's own merits, Con- 

blind'-ed. Shut on from view. Color-Achroma 
Knowledge-Ignorance, Si gut- Blindness. 

blind'-fold". Having the eyes bandaged. Color- 
Achromatism. Know ledge- Ignorance, Sight- 
Blindness. Truthfulness-Fraud. 

blind'-ness. Ignorance; want of sight. Sight-Blind- 

blink. To wink. Carefulness-Carelessness, De- 
termination-Vacillation. Quest-Evai ion, Sight- 
Dimsightedness; blink at, Sigiit-Bi.indni 

blink'-ard. One who blinks. Sight-Dimsightedness. 

blink'-er. A blind for horses. Exposure-Hiding- 
place, Sight-Dimsightedness. 

bliss. Blessedness. Heaven-Hell, Pleasure-Pain. 

bliss'-ful. Supremely happy. Pleasure-P/ 

blis'-ter. A thin bladder on the skin. Convexity- 

blithe. Gay. Lightheartedness-Dejection. 

blithe'-some. Cheerful. Lightheartedness-Di 

bloat'-ed. Puffed; swelled. Convexity-Concavity. 
Enlargement-Diminution, Pro portion- Deform- 
ity ; bloated with pride, Selfrespect-Humblek 

bloat'-ed bond'-hold"-er. Capitalist. Capital-Labor. 




bloat'-er. A cured herring. Nutriment-Excretion. 

block. A mass of wood, etc.; to hinder. Greatness- 
Littleness, Hardness-Softness, Obstruction- 
Help, Sage-Fool, Solidity-Rarity, Suspension- 
Support, Recompense-Scourge; block of buildings, 
Dweller-Habitation; block out, Form-Formless- 
ness, Recompense-Penalty; block printing, Writ- 
ing-Printing; block up, Aperture-Closure, Ob- 
struction-Help, Preparation-Nonpreparation ; 
bring to the block, Exculpation-Punition; cut 
blocks with a razor, Provision-Waste; wood block, 

block-ade'. Closure of a city to take it. Aperture- 
Closure, Obstruction-Help, Release-Restraint. 

block'-head. A stupid fellow. Sage-Fool. 

block'-ish. Stupid. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

blonde. A fair person. Color-Achromatism.White- 

blood. Kindred; a red fluid which circulates in ani- 
mals. Anatomy, Gentility-Democracy, Life- 
Killing, Liquid-Gas, Relationship, Society- 
Dandy; blood boil, Excitability-Inexcitability, 
Excitation; blood for blood, Pardon-Vindictive- 
ness; blood-heat, Heat-Cold; blood-horse, Con- 
veyer; blood-hound, Benefactor - Evildoer, 
Fauna-Flora; blood-letting, Admission-Expulsion, 
Remedy -Bane; blood-money, Price -Discount; 
blood-red, Redness -Greenness; blood run cold, 
Pleasurableness-Pain fulness, Sanguineness- 
Timidity; blood-stained, Life-Killing; blood-sucker, 
Benefactor-Evildoer; bloodthirsty, Charitable- 
ness-Malevolence, Life-Killing; blood up, Ex- 
citation, Favorite-Anger; dye with blood, Harsh- 
ness-Mildness; hands in blood, Charitableness- 
Malevolence; in the blood, Subjectiveness-Ob- 
jectiveness; life-blood, Life-Death; new blood, 
Betterment-Deterioration, Excitation; spill 
blood, Fighting-Conciliation. 

blood'-less. Without blood or color. Innocence- 
Guilt, Strife-Peace. 

blood'-shed". The shedding of blood. Fighting- 
Conciliation, Life-Killing. 

blood'-shot". Suffused with blood. Embellishment- 

blood'-stroke". The loss of sensation resulting from 
hemorrhage. Health-Sickness. 

blood'-ves"-sel. Tubes carrying blood. Anatomy. 

blood'-y. Stained with blood. Charitableness- 
Malevolence, Cleanness-Filthiness, Life-Kill- 

blood'-y-flux". Dysentery. Health-Sickness. 

blood'-y-mind'-ed. Cruel. Charitableness-Malevo- 

bloom. Blossom; the flush on the cheek. Beauty- 
Ugliness, Blueness-Orange, Health-Sickness, 
Infancy-Age, Welfare-Misfortune. 

bloom'-ing. Blossoming. Beauty-Ugliness. 

blos'-som. A flower. Fauna-Flora, Welfare-Mis- 

blot. To spot; disgrace; obscure. Cleanness-Filthi- 
ness, Embellishment-Disfigurement, Innocence- 
Guilt, Mark -Obliteration, Reputation -Dis- 
credit, Truth-Error, Whiteness-Blackness; blot 
out, Creation-Destruction, Mark-Obliteration. 

blotch. A spot or blot. Embellishment-Disfigure- 

blot'-ter. A sheet of blotting-paper. Cleanness- 

blouse. A loose outer garment. Dress-Undress. 

blow. A stroke; to make a current of air. Action- 
Passiveness, Admission-Expulsion, Exculpation- 
Punition, Expectation-Disappointment, Expec- 
tation-Surprise, Good-Evil, Impetus-Reaction, 
Pleasurablen ess-Pa infulness, Pleasure-Pain, 
River-Wind, Stream, Success-Failure, Weari- 
ness-Refreshment, Welfare-Misfortune; blow a 
kiss, Blandishment; blow down, Creation-De- 
struction; blow for blow, Reprisal-Resistance; 
blow-hole, Watercourse- Airpipe; blow hot and 
cold, Bigotry-Apostasy, Determination-Vacilla- 
tion, Persistence-Whim, Ratiocination-Instinct, 
Truthfulness-Falsehood; blow off, Gathering- 
Scattering; blow one's brains out, Life-Killing; 
blow out, Creation-Destruction, Fasting-Glut- 
tony, Light-Darkness, Nutriment-Excretion; 
blow over, Future-Past; blow-pipe, River- Wind, 
Watercourse-Airpipe; blow the coals, Excitation; 
blow the fire, Heating-Cooling; blow the horn, 
Musician; blow the trumpet, Reputation-Dis- 
credit; blow up, Adulation-Disparagement, Ap- 
proval-Disapproval, Creation-Destruction, En- 
largement-Diminution, Excitation, River-Wind, 
Turbulence-Calmness; come to blows, Fighting- 
Conciliation, Strife-Peace; deal a blow at, 
Attack-Defense; deal a blow to, Betterment- 
Deterioration, Exculpation-Punition; death- 
blow, Life-Death, Life-Killing. 

blown. Swollen; exhausted; stale. Selfrespect- 
Humbleness, Weariness; blown upon, Adulation- 
Disparagement, Approval-Disapproval, Reputa- 
tion-Discredit; storm blown over, Security-Inse- 
curity, Strife-Peace. 

blow'-pipe". Tube for blowing air through. Chemistry. 

blowzed. Fat and high colored. Redness-Green- 

blowz'-y. Red-faced. Enlargement-Diminution, 

blub'-ber. Mar; weep. Jubilation-Lamentation, 

blu'-cher. A half boot. Blucher boot, Dress-Undress. 

bludg'-eon. A club used as a weapon. Weapon; 
bludgeon-man, Belligerent, Benefactor-Evil- 

blue. One of the primary colors. Blueness-Orange. 
Knowledge-Ignorance, Water-Air; blue and red, 
Yellowness-Purple; blue and yellow, Redness- 
Greenness; blue-book, Mark-Obliteration, Rec- 
ord; blue devils, Lightheartedness- Dejection; 
blue-jacket,WAYFARER-SEAFARER; blue-light, Alarm, 
Sign; blue-peter, Arrival-Departure, Sign; blue 
ribbon, Title; blue-ruin, Teetotalism-Intemper- 
ance; blue-stocking, Scholar-Dunce, Society- 
Affectation; bit of blue, Sanguineness-Hopeless- 
ness; look blue, Contentedness-Discontentment, 
Emotion, Expectation-Disappointment, Reputa- 
tion-Discredit; swear till all's blue, Assertion- 
Denial; true-blue, Truthfulness-Falsehood, Up- 

Blue'-beard". A cruel husband. Matrimony-Celi- 
bacy, Purity-Rake. 

blue-ness. The state of being blue. Blueness- 


Bice. A pale blue pigment. 

Bloom. Freshness in hue. 

Blue. One of the seven prismatic colors; color resembling that of the 

ciear sky. 
Blueness. The state of being blue. 
B'.uishrjess. The quality of being somewhat blue 

Cadmium. An intense yellow or orange color. 

Flame color, etc. See Adjectives. 

Gold . A color like that of gold . 

Mars orange. An artificial iron ocher. 

Ocher. An earthy iron ore of an orange color used as a pigment. 

Or. Orange or gold color. 





Indigo. One of the seven prismatic colors; adeepblue. 

Prussian blue. A dark blue pigment with a coppery luster 

Smalt. A deep blue pigment. 

Syenite blue. A blue like Syenite. 

Ultramarine. A blue pigment. 

Watchet. A pale or light blue. 

Zafier. A blue pigment. 

Blueness — Associated Noun 

* Blue minerals used in making blue compound - 



Garter -blue. The color of the badge of the Km Garter. 

Lapis lazuli [L.]. An aluminous mineral of rii h blue color. 

Opal. A silica stone , E a milky appearance. 

Sapphire. A blue mineral. 

Turquoise. A blue mineral - 

Blueness — Adjectives. 

Atmospheric. Resembling the atmosphere in color. 

Azure. Having a sky-blue color. 

Blue. Having a color resembling that of the clear sky. 

Bluish. Rather blue. 

Cerulean. Sky-colored. 

Cold. Having a bluish effect. 

Opalescent, A pearly light, reflecting a play of opaline 

Orange. One of the seven prismatic colors; the color resembling 

that of an orange. 
Red and yellow. The two colors which make orange when mixed 

Orange — Verbs. 
Gild. To cover with an orange or gold color. 
Warm. To give an orange or reddish color to. 

Ora N g e — .4 dject ives . 
Apricot-colored. Having the color of an apricot or an orange color. 
Brass-colored. Of the color of brass. 
Copper-colored. Like copper in color. 
Flame-colored. Having the eoior of a flame of fire. 
Glowing. Exhibiting a strong bright color. 
Hot. Having a warm or yellowish red color. 
Ocherous. Resembling ocher in color. 
Orange. Of the color i if an orange or reddish yellow. 
Orange-colored. Possessing the color of an orange. 
Warm. Yellowish red. 

BLUENESS— Adjectives— Continued. 
Sky-blue. Of the color of the sky. 
Sky-colored. Having the color of the sky. 
Sky-dyed. Sky-colored. 

blu'-ish. Somewhat blue. Bi.ueness-Orange. 

blu'-ish-ness. Small degree <>f blue color. Blueness- 

blue'-lights. Signal lights. Alarm. 

bluff. Steep; bold; blunt. Height-Lowness, Polite- 
ness-Impoliteness, Presumption-Obsequiousness, 

blun'-der. To mistake. Adage-Nonsense, Adept- 
Bungler, Skill-Unskilfulness, Success-Fail- 
ure, Truth-Error. 

blun'-der-buss. A shotgun. Weapon. 

blun'-der-head". A stupid person. Adept-Bungler. 

blun'-der-head"-ed. Stupid. Sagacity-Incapacity. 

blunt. Dull; rude in manner; t" weaken. Craft- 
Artlessness. Feeling-Insensibility, Money, Mo- 
tive-Dehortation, Politeness-Impoliteness, Sa- 
gacity-Incapacity', Sensitiveness- Apathy, Sharp- 
ness-Bluntness, Strength-Weakness. Turbu- 
lence-Calmness, Vigor-Inertia; blunt tool, Use- 
fulness-Uselessness; blunt-witted, Sagacity-In- 

blunt'-ness. Dulness. Smoothness-Roughness. 

blur. A blot; to partly obscure. Cleanness-Filthi- 
ness, Embellishment-Disfigcremf.nt, Refuta- 

blurred. Blotted. Visibility-Invisibility. 

blurt. To utter abruptly. Blurt out, Exposure- 
H i ding place, Speech-Inarticulateni ■. ss. 

blush. To redden in the face. Conceit-Diffidi 
Emotion, Redness-Greenness, Selfrespect-Hum- 
bleness; at first blush, Appearance-Disappear- 
ance. Manifestation-Latency, Sight-Blindness; 
put to the blush, Politeness-Impoliteness, Pre- 
sumption-Obsequh iusness, Reputation-Credit, 

blush'-ing. Coloring in the face. Redness-Greenness; 
blushing honors [Shakesp.]; Conceit-Dipfidei 

blus'-ter. To talk noisily; to blow. Charitableness- 
Menace, Defiance, Presumption-Obseqi ioi 

blus'-ter-er. One who talks noisily. Brawler, Brag- 

blus'-ter-ing. Talking noisily; blowing. Presumption- 
Obsequiousness, River-Wind, Turbulence-Calm- 

Blut und Eisen [G.] (blut unt ai'-zen). Blood and ii m. 
Liquid-Gas, Strength-Weakness. 

bo. An exclamation. Not say " bo " to a goose 

bo'-a. A serpent; a woman's fur tippet. Dress- 

boar. The wild hug. Fauna-Flora, Male-Female. 

board. A piece of timber; food; a council. Attack- 
Defense, Council. Hardni Lamina- 

Fiber, Manager, Nutriment-Excretion, Sus- 
pension-Support, Tribunal; board school, School; 
festive board, Sociability-Privacy: go by the board, 
Creation-Destruction, Might-Impotence: go on 
board, Arrival-Departure; on board, Conveyai 
Vessel, Presence-Absence: preside at the board, 

board'-ing. Going on board a ship. Attack-Defense. 

board'-ing-school". Where scholars are instructed and 
lodged. School. 

boards. A stage. Aiming. Lists. 

boast. Brag. Bragging, Conceit-Diffidence, Pridi 
Humbleness, Society-Affectation; not so much 
to boast of, Faultlessness-Faultiness. 

boast'-er. One who boasts. Bragging, Brawler. 

boast'-ing. Bragging. Bragging, Society-Affecta- 

boast'-ful. Proud. Bragging. 

boa'-ston. A game. Entertainment-Weariness. 

boat. A small open vessel. Conveyance-Vessel; 
row in the same boat, Antagonism-Concurrence, 

boat'-ing. Traveling in a boat. Traveling-Naviga- 

boat'-man. One who manages a boat. Wayfarer- 

boat'-swain. An officer in charge of a ship's boats, 
n.', etc Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

bob. A plummet; a grapple; a cork on a line. Agita- 
tion, Elevation-Depression. Spring-Dive, Vibra- 
tion; bob a curtsy, Politeness-Impoliteness; bob 
for, Trial. 

bob'-a-dil. A blustering braggart. Captain BobadiL, 
Brawler. t 

bob-bin. A kind of spool. Revolution-Evolution. 

bob'-bing. A fuel. Combustible. 

bob'-bish. Hearty. I Iealth-Sickness: bobbish pretty, 

bob'-tailed". Having the tail cut short. Embellish- 

bocage [F.] (bo-cazh'). A grove. Fauna-Flora. 




bocca, per amusare la [It.] (boc'-ca, per a-mu-za'-re la). 
To delight the lips. Palatableness-Unpalatable- 


bod'-ice. A corset. Dress-Undress. 

bode. To predict. Prophecy. 

bode'-ment. An omen. Prophecy. 

Bode's law. A law of the planets. Astronomy. 

bod'-i-ly. In person; wholly. Materiality-Spiritu- 
ality, Substance-Nullity, Whole-Part; bodily 
enjoyment, Sensuality-Suffering ; bodily fear, San- 
guineness-Timidity; bodily pain, Sensuality-Suf- 

bod'-kin. A large needle; a long hairpin. Environ- 
ment-Interposition, Perforator -Stopper. 

bod'-y. A person; mass; corporation; system. Associa- 
tion, Gathering-Scattering, Humanity, Materi- 
ality-Spirituality, Substance-Nullity, Whole- 
Part; body and blood of Christ, Godliness-Ungod- 
liness; body clothes, Dress-Undress; body color, 
Painting; body forth, Delineation-Caricature; 
body-guard, Attack-Defense, Guard-Prisoner; 
body of doctrine, Knowledge-Ignorance; body of 
water, River-Wind; body politic, Humanity, Rule- 
License; in a body, Solitude-Company; keep body 
and soul together, Health-Sickness, Life-Death. 

Bce-o'-tian. Pertaining to Bceotia; sluggish. Gen- 
tility-Democracy, Sagacity-Incapacity, Sage- 
Fool, Taste-Vulgarity. 

bog. A fen or morass. Cleanness-Filthiness, 
Swamp-Island; bog trotter, Gentility-Democracy. 

bog'-gart. A goblin. Jove-Fiend. 

bog'-gle. Doubt; hesitate; shy. Determination- 
Vacillation, Difficulty-Facility, Skill-Unskil- 

bog'-gy. Full of bogs. Swamp-Island. 

bo'-gie. A goblin. Jove-Fiend. 

bo'-gle. A goblin. Jove-Fiend. 

bo'-gus. Sham. Truthfulness-Fraud. 

bo'-gy. A goblin. Jove-Fiend. 

Bo-he'-mi-an. A vagabond. Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

boil. To bubble from heat. Agitation, Excita- 
bility-Inexcitability, Excitation, Favorite- 
Anger, Health-Sickness, Heat-Cold, Heating- 
Cooling, Turbulence-Calmness, Viscidity-Foam. 

boil'-ing. State of ebullition. Heating-Cooling. 

boil'-er. A cylindrical vessel used in cooking. Oven- 

bois'-ter-ous. \"< isy. Excitability-Inexcitability, 
Hurry- Lei sure, River-Wind, Turbulence-Calm- 

bold. Brave. Bravery-Cowardice, Convexity-Con- 
cavity, Force-Weakness; bold faced, Presumi- 
tion-Obsequiousness; bold push, Venture; bold 
relief, Visibility-Invisibility; bold stroke, Brav- 
ery-Cowardice, Design, Success-Failure; make 
bold with, Politeness-Impoliteness; show a bold 
front, Bravery-Cowardice. Defiance. 

bold'-ness. Courage. Bravery-Cowardice, Force- 

bole. The stem of a tree. Whole-Part. 

bo-le'-ro. A Spanish dance. Entertainment-Weari- 

Bol'-i-var. Bolivian coin. Values. 

bol'-ster. A long underpillow. Betterment-Dete- 
rioration, Convexity-Concavity, Obstruction- 
Hi: i.i'. bolster up, Justification-Charge. 

bolt. To fasten; to dart; a bar for a door; lightning. 
Aperture-Closure, Connective, Escape, Fasting- 
Gluttony, Mixture-Homogeneity, Nutriment- 
i kcretion, Obstruction-Help, Push-Pull, Quest- 
Evasion, Release-Prison, Swiftness-Slowness, 
Union-Disunion; bolt food, Fasting-Gluttony, 
Nutriment-Excretion; bolt in, Release-Re- 
straint; bolt the door, Li:ave-Pruiiibitkin ;; bolt 

upright, Erectness-Flatness; thunderbolt, Phe- 
nomenon, Weapon. 

bolL'-head '. A chemist's vessel. Contents-Receiver. 

bo'-lus. A large pill. Nutriment-Excretion, Rem- 

bomb. An explosive shell. Weapon; bomb-vessel, Bel- 

bom-bard'. To attack with bombs. Attack-De- 

bom"-bar-dier'. One who has charge of mortars. 

bom-bard '-ment. Assault with shot or shell. Attack- 

bom-bar'-don. A wind instrument. Musical In- 

bom'-bast. Cotton padding ; extravagant language. 
Bragging, Rhetoric, Meaning-Jargon, Simplic- 
ity-Floridness, Society-Ludicrousness. 

Bom-bas'-tes Fu-ri-o'-so. A burlesque opera by William 
Barnes Rhodes, produced in 1790. Brawler. 

bom-bas'-tic Inflated. Gull-Hyperbole, Simplic- 
ity-Floridness, Society-Ludicrousness. 

bom"-bi-la'-tion. A humming. Loudness-Faintness. 

bon augur e, dc [F.] (bon - o-giir', de). Of good omen. 

bon diable [F.] (bon' di-abl'). A good-natured fellow. 

bon enfant [F.] (bon - cur-fcur')- A good fellow. Soci- 
ability-Pri vacy. 

bon gr£ mal gre [F.] (bon- gre me.l gre). Willing or 
tin willing. Volition-Obligation. 

bon mot [F.] (bon - mo). A witty expression. Witti- 

bon naturel [F.] (bon - na-tu-rel'). A good-natured 
fellow. Li g h the a rtedn ess-Dejection. 

bon ton [F.] (bon - ton). Good manners. Society- 

bon vivant [F.] (bon - vi-van - ')- A boon companion. 

bona fide [L.] (bo'-na fai'-di). In good faith. Truth- 
fulness-Falsehood, Uprightness-Dishonesty. 

bona roba [It.] (bo'-na ro'-ba). A mistress. Purity- 

bo-nan'-za. A lucky operation. Excess-Lack, Giving- 

bon'-bon". A candy. Sweetness-Acidity. 

bond. A band; a written obligation to pay money. 
Connective, Contract, Dueness-Undueness, Giv- 
ing-Receiving, Money, Release-Prison, Secur- 
ity; bond of union, Connection-Independence, 

bond'-age. Servitude. Liberty-Subjection. 

bond'-ed. Secured by bonds. Bonded together, As- 

bond'-hold"-er. One owning bonds. Labor-Capital; 
bloated bondholder, Labor-Capital. 

bond'-maid". A female servant. Chief-Underling. 

bonds. Fetters. Release-Prison; bonds of harmony, 
Variance-Accord; in bonds, Chief-Underling; 
tear asunder one's bonds, Release-Restraint. 

bonds'-man. A slave. Chief-Underling. 

bone. The solid framework of the body; a pair of 
clappers. Anatomy, Hardness-Softness. Life- 
Corpse, Musical Instruments. Solidity-Rarity; 
bone of contention, Strife-Peace, Yakianci. Ac- 
cord; bone to pick, Difficulty-Facility, Investi- 
gath in-Answer, Variani i -Accord; break no bones, 
Goodness-Badness; bred in the bone, Subjectivb- 
ness Ob veness; make no bones, Difficulty- 
Facility, Readiness-Reluctance; one bone and 
one flesh, Matrimony-Celibacy. 

bone'-black". Animal black. Chemistry. 

bone'-house". A dead house. Life-Funeral. 

bone'-set". A bitter tonic. Remedy-Bane. 


1 15 


bon'-fire". A triumphal fire. Entertainment-Weari- 
ness, Heat-Cold, Solemnization; make a bonfire 
of, Heating-Cooling. 

bon"-ho-mie'. Good fellowship. Charitabli 
Malevoleni i 

Bon-komme [¥.] (bon-om'). A religious order. Min- 

bon'-i-face. An innkeeper. Frii 

bonne [F .] (bon). A nursemaid. Chief-Underling, 


bonne, a. la . . . heure [ F ] (a la bon ur). In good time. 
Contentedness-1 Iiscon rENTMENT, READINESS-RE- 

bonne bouche [V ] (bon bush'). A good mouth, a tid- 
bit; the best for last. Beginning-End. 

bonne, de . . . volonti [F.] (dc bon vo-knv-te'). With 
good will. Readiness-Reluctance. 

bon'-net. A covering for the head. Dress-Un- 


bon-ny. Merry ; handsome, Beauty-Uglines I 

bono, cui [L.] (bo'-no, cwoi). Of what good is ii 5 

Purpose-Luck, Usefulness-Useless! 
bono, pro . . . publico [I- ] (pro bo'-no pt/b'-li-co) Fi r 

the public good Hi manitarianism-Misantiiropy, 


bonum magnum [L.] (bo'-num mag'-num). A 
good. Good-Evil. 

bo-nus. An extra payment Exi ess Lack, Giving- 
Receiving, Outlay-Ini 

bo'-ny. Hard. Hardness-Softness. 

bonze. A. Buddhist monk Ministry-Laity. 

boo'-by. A dunce. Sage-F 

Boo'-dhism. Buddhism. Ortkodoxy-Heter idoxy. 

Boo'-dhist. Buddhist. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

book. A volume; printed matter Accounts, Mark- 
Obliteration, Missive-Publication, Record; at 
oaa's books, Teaching- Learning; book learning, 
Knowledge-Ignorance; book of fate, Volition- 
Obligation; bring to book, Accounts, Approval- 
Disapproval, Evidence; mind one's books, Teach- 
ing-Learning; school book, Si i : . without book, 
Remembrance- Forgetfuln 

book'-case". A case for books. Contents-Re< liver. 

booked. About to die. Life-Death. 

book'-ing. Registering in a book Mark-Oblitera- 

book'-ish. Studious. Knowledge-Ignoranci 

book'-keep"-er. Accountant. Recorder. 

boo'-.'-keep"-ing. The an of keeping accounts. Ac- 

book'-learn"-ing. Knowledgi from books. Missive- 

book'-less. Unscholarly. Schi i if. Di m i 

book'-let. Little book' Missive-Publication. 

book'-mak"-ing. The art of compiling books. Ration- 

bDok'-seU"-er. One who sells books. M i>siyi. -Pub- 

baok'-worm. A close student. Scholar-Dunce. 

boom. A hollow roar; to promote \ k-De- 

pense, Impetus- Reaction, Loudness-Faini 
Obstruction-Help, Swiftness-Slowness. Suspen- 
sion-Support, Traveling-Navigation. 

boom'-er-ang. A missile weapon of Australia Im- 
petus-Reaction, Weapon. 

boom'-ing Roaring like distant guns. [mpi 

boon. A gift. Giving-Receiving, Good-Evil; boon 
companion, Friend-Foe; beg a boon, Petition. 

boor. An ill-bred fellow. Gentility-Democracy. 

boor'-ish. Clownish. Politeness-Impoliteness, Taste- 

boost. To raise from beneath. Push-Pull. 

boot. A covering fo ' ;ents-Re- 

D I Recompi Si ourge. 

boot. To benefil , a 1 nsig- 

'.ii ha-.. i, ; to boot, Add. : kac- 

. ; what boots it ? Co ace. 

boot'-ed. Having boots on; ready. Booted and, Preparation-N 
booth. A stall in a fair, market, etc. .' IIab- 

itation, Market. 
boot'-less. Useless. Success-Faii :ess- 

boots. An inn servant : 

Gen i ility-Dlmo. racy. 
boo'-ty. Plunder. Plunder. 

booze. To drink to excess. i iter- 

booz'-y. Tipsy. Teetotalism-Intemperan 
bo"-peep'. The game of peek'-a-boo. Enlighten- 

men i -Sei recy, Sight-Blindn 
bor'-del. Abawdy-house Purity-Impurity. 
bor'-der. Adjoii with a bi 

Beginning-End. Border, Domi rn vtion-Agri- 


vironment- Interposition; border upon, Inter- 
space-Contact, Remoteness-Nearness. 


Border. Strip or stripe just inside or surrounding 

Brim. The top of the sidi 

Brink. Edge of a precipice or deep pli 

Brow. The upper part of a lull. 

Edge. Line marking the terminatii in of a surface. 

Marge. Margin. 

Margin. Border of a boo! 

Rim. Edge of a vessel. 

Skirt. The outer part, a ity. 

Verge. Extreme border of a place. 

Border — Denotations. 

ChaDs ' 

ch ' f The fleshy parts al ■: the jaws. 

Coast. The la n the ocean. 

Door. An opening in the wall of a house or of an apartmcr.t. 

Edging. That which forms an edge or border. 

Flange. A sut -aide. 

Flounce. An ornamental appendage about the skirt of a woman's 

Frame. The skeleton of a struc losing 

■ uppi >rtmg things. 
Frill. A border secured at one ■ 

Fringe. An I » >rder of a piece of stuff. 

Furbelow. ' nt. 

Hem. The 

Jaws. The fi touth. 

List. .loth. 

Mouth. The aperture between the jaws. 
Porch. An 
Portal. A doorw 

Selvedge. Th Ige of cloth. 

Skirting. 1 - an's skirt 

Threshold. The 

Trimming. An ornamental bordering. 
Valance. Hanging drapei indow. 

Welt. A hem, border or fringe. 

Border — Adjectives. 

Border. Lyin>r on the edge. 

Labial. Ha r lips. 

Labiated. Provided with edges or lips. 

Marginal. Pertaining to the margin. 

Marginated. Provided with margins. 

Skirting. Lying close to, running along the edge of. 

bor'-der-er. One dwelling on the border. Remote- 

bor'-der-land". Land on the border. Interspace- 
Contact, Remoteness-Xearness. 




bore. To perforate; a tiresome affair. Aperture- 
Closure, Breadth-Narrowness, Desire-Reple- 
tion, Entertainment-Weariness, Pleasurable- 


bo'-re-al. Northern; pertaining to Boreas. Heat- 
Cold, Lateralitv-Contraposition. 

Bo'-re-as. The north wind. River-Wind. 

bor'-er. One who or that which bores. Perforator- 

borgnes, au i yaume des aveugles les . . . sont rois [F.l 
(o rwa-yom' dez a-vugl' le borny son- rwa). In 
the country of the blind the one-eyed are kings. 
Chief-Underling, Consequence-Insignificance. 

Borgen macht Sorgen [G.] (bor'-Hen maHt sor'-Hen). 
Borrowing makes sorrowing. Loan-Borrowing. 

born. Brought into being. Born so, Subjective- 
ness-Objectiveness; born under a lucky star, Wel- 
fare-Misfortune; born under an evil star, Wel- 

borne. Supported; carried. Excitability-Inexcita- 
bilitv; borne down, Lightheartedness- Dejec- 
tion, Success-Failure. 

borne' [F.] (bor-ne'). Narrow-minded. Sagacity-Inca- 

bor-nouse'. A garment of Arab origin. Dress-Un- 

bor'-ough. An incorporated town that is not a city. 
City-Country, Dweller-Habitation. 

bor'-row. To take from another as a Credit- 
Debt, Loan - Borrowing ; borrow of Peter to pay 
Paul, Commutation-Permutation, Loan-Borrow- 
ing, Theft. 

bor'-rowed. Loaned. Borrowed plumes, Truthful- 
ness-Fraud, Loan-Borrowing. 

bor'-row-er. One who borrows. Credit-Debt. 

bor'-row-ing. The act of obtaining loans. Loan-Bor- 

bosh. Folly. Consequence-Insignificance, Mean- 
ing-Jargon, Truthfulness-Fabrication. 

bos'-om. The breast. Affections, Outside-Inside, 
Sagacity-Incapacity; bosom-friend, Friend-Foe; 
bosom of one's family, Outside-Inside ; in the bosom 
of, Confinement. 

boss. A knob. Convexity-Concavity. 

boss'-age. Stone projecting from a wall. Architec- 

bossed. Worked in relief. Convexity-Concavity. 

boss'-ism. Political party management by bosses. 
Presumption-Obsequiousness, Tyranny-Anarchy. 

boss'-y. Decorated with bosses. Convexity-Con- 

bos'-ton. A game of cards. Entertainment-Weari- 

bo-tan'-ic. Pertaining to botany. Botanic garden, 

bo-tan'-ic-al. Pertaining to botany. Zoology-Bot- 

bot'-a-nist. One versed in botany. Zoology-Botany. 

bot'-a-nize. Study plants. Zoology-Botany. 

bot'-a-no-man"-cy. Divination by plants. Prophecy. 

bot'-a-ny. Science of plants. Fauna-Flora, Organ- 

botch. Ill-finished work. Renovation -Relapse, 

Skill-Unskilfulness, Success-Faili 
botch'-er. Abungler Adept-Bungler. 
botch'-er-y. Bungling work. Skill-Unskilful] 

Truth-Erri ir. 
both. The two. Burn the candle at both ends, 
Lack.; butter one's bread on both sides, 

E ■:<- ess-Lack; listen with both ears, Hear] D 


both'-er. To annov. Activity-Indoleni 

tainty - Doubt, Difficulty- Facility, Pleasur- 
ableness-Painfulness, Pli isure-Pain, 

both"-er-a'-tion. Annoyance. Pleasure-Pain. 
both'-er-ing. Annoving. Pleasurableness-Painful- 


both'-y. A hut for laborers; a cottage. Dweller- 

bot'-tle. A narrow mouthed vessel for liquids. Con- 
servation, Contents-Receiver; bee in a bottle, 
Crash-Drumming; bottle-green, Redness -Green- 
ness; bottle-holder, Antagonist-Assistant, Medi- 
ation, Turbulence-Calmness; bottle up, Enlight- 
enment-Secrecy, Release-Restraint, Remem- 
brance- Forgetfulness; crack a bottle, Nutri- 
ment-Excretion; pass the bottle, Teetotalism- 
Intemperance; smelling-bottle, Perfume-Stench. 

bot'-tom. The base; the keel of a ship; endurance. 
Bravery-Cowardice, Convexity-Concavity, Con- 
veyance-Vessel, Persistence-Whim, Suspension- 
Support, Top-Bottom; at bottom, Subjectiveness- 
Objectiveness; at the bottom of, Cause-Effect; 
bottom upwards, Reversal; from the bottom of one's 
heart, Emotion, Truthfulness-Falsehood; go to 
the bottom, Spring-Dive; probe to the bottom, In- 

bot'-tom-less. Having no bottom. Deepness-Shal- 
lowness; angel of the bottomless pit, Angel-Satan; 
bottomless pit, Deepness-Shallowness, Heaven- 

bouche, bonne [F.] (bush, boir). The best taste. Be- 
ginning-End, Palatableness-Unpalatableness, 
Pleasurable ness-Painfulness, Sensuality-Suf- 
fering, Store. 

bouche & feu [F.] (bushafu). Cannon. Weapon. 

bou'-der-ie. Pouting. Favorite-Moroseness. 

bou'-doir". A lady's private reception-room. Con- 

bouffe, opSra [F.] (buf, op-e-ra'). A farcical comic 
operetta. Acting. 

bouge. The bulge of a cask. Convexity-Concavity. 

bough. A large branch of a tree. Curvation-Recti- 


bought. Bending. Curvation-Rectilinearity. 

bou'-gie. A surgical instrument. Luminary-Shade. 

boul'-der. A large stone. Roundness. 

bou'-le-vards. Broad city avenues. City, Environ- 

boule-verse'. Overthrow. Excitation. 

boule-verse'-ment. A revolution. Creation-De- 
struction, Excitation, Revolution. 

boule-ver'-ser. Revolutionist. Excitation. 

bounce. A sudden leap; a lie; a boast. Bragging, 
Presumption - Obsequiousness, Spring - Dive, 
Truthfulness-Fabrication, Turbulence-Calm- 
ness; bounce upon, Arrival-Departure, Expecta- 

boun'-cing. Large. Greatness-Littleness. 

bound, lump; confined; limit. Confinement, En- 
gagement-Release, Spring-Dive, Swiftness- 
Slowness; bound back, Impetus-Reaction; bound 
by, Duty-Immunity; bound for, Aim-Aberration, 
Purpose-Luck; bound to, Duty-Immunity, En- 
gagement-Release; I'll be bound, Assertion-De- 

bound'-a-ry. A limiting or dividing line. Boundary. 


Boundary. That which indicates 01 fixes a limit, or extent, or marks 

Boundary line. Sec Boundary. 
Confine. A common boundary. 

Enclave. A territory within another, but independent of it. 
Flood-gate. A gate which limits the flo^ 
Frontier. The boundary of a country or of civilization. 
Hedgerow. A fence or boundary i 
Kerb-stone. Eapavement. 




Landmark. A mark which indicate: of territory. 

Limit. That which limits or bounds. 

Line of circumvallation. A surrounding boundary. 

Line of demarcation. A boundary or limn of< entol territory. 

Marches. Territorial borders or frontiers 

j\V plus ultra [L.]. No more beyond ; hence, the limit. 

Pale. An enclosure. 

Pillars of Hercules. Two hills, between which are the Str, 

Gibraltar, thrown up by Hercules to mark the limit of his labors, 

and of the world. 
Precinct. A place marked by fixed lines 
Rubicon. A small river separating Gaul from Italy, thi 

which by ' at began his conquest of Italy. 
Sluice. A channel fur water. 
Stint. A definite amount, as of work. 
Termination. The end or limit. 
Terminus. The end. 
Verge . A border or limit . 

Boundary — Adjectives. 

Definite. With fixed limits. 

Conterminable. I ... ... ,, ... 

„ . ( With the same ll 

Conterminate. J 

Frontier. Pertaining to the limits of a country. 

Terminal. Pertaining to a boundary. 

Boundary hi; 

Thus far. To this extent 

Thus far and no further. To this extent only. 

bound'-en. Binding. Bounden duty, Duty-Immunity. 

bound'-less. Unlimited. Extension-District, In- 

bounds. Limits; springs. Bounds of possibility, Pos- 
sibility-Impossibility; keep within bounds, Leave- 
Prohibition, Release-Restraint, Transcursion- 
Shortcoming, Turbulence-Calmness. 

boun'-te-ous. Plentiful. Generosity-Frugality. 

boun'-te-ous-ness. Munificence. Generositi-I 

boun'-ti-ful. Free in giving. Charitableness-Ma- 
levolence, Generosity-Frugai l i s 

boun'-ti-ful-ness. Liberality in the bestowment i f 
shifts. Generosity- Frugality. 

boun'-ty. Plenty. Generosity-Frugality, Givtng- 
Ki ceiving, < >ustruction-Help. 

bou'-quet. A bunch of flowers. Embellishment- 
Disfigurement, Perfume-Stench. 

bour-geois'. A kind of type; a Frenchman "f middle 
tank. Gentility-Democracy, Writing-Printing. 

bour'-geon. Sprout, as a branch. Eni.argkmicnt- 
I (iminution. 

bourn. A limit. Boundary. 

bourse. A money-market. City-Country, Moi 

bouse. To drink to excess. Teetotalism-Intemper- 


bout. A contest. Action-Passiveness, Entertain- 
ment - Weariness, Periodic) rv - Irregularity, 
Strife-Peace; drinking bout, Moderation, Self- 

bou-tade'. An outbreak of speech. Adage-Nonsense, 
Persistence- Whim. 

b <iii de son latin, an [F.] (bu de son' la-tan - ', o) At 
the end of his Latin. Difficulty-Facility, Knowl- 
edge-Ignorance, Ratiocination- Instinct. 

bout du contpte, au [F] (bu du cunt. o). Finally. 
Ratiocination-Instinc . 

boutez en avant [F.] (bu-tfiz' air a-van - ')- Push for- 
ward. Activity-Indolence, Advance-Retrogres- 
sion, Order. 

bove majori discii arare minor, a [L.] (bo'-vi ma-jo'-rai 
dis'-sit a-re'-ri mai'-nor, 6). From the older ox the 
younger learns to plow. Education-Learning, 

bo'-vine. Ox-likc Fauna-Flora, Sagacity-Incapac- 

i j inches by i%, 
Bowie, of Texas. 

bow. To incline; the prow of a ship; a weapon; a fid- 
dlestick. Anteriority-Posteriority, Convexity- 
Concavity, Curvation-Rectilinearity, Eleva- 
tion-Depression, Embellishment-Disfigurement, 
Musical Instruments, PolitenesS-ImpOLII en ESS, 
Presumption -Obsequiousness, Regard -Disre- 
spect, Weapon; bend the bow, Elevation-Depres- 
sion, Toil-Relaxation ; bow down, Devo 
atry: bow out, Admission-Expulsion; bow submis- 
sion, Yielding, 

Bow'-bells". The bells of St. Mary-le-Bow, in the 
central part of London, in Cockneydom. Born 
within sound of Bow-bells, Gentility-Democracy. 

bowed. Bent. Bowed down, Convexity -Concav- 
ity, Curvature-Rectilinearity, Lighthearted- 
ness-Dejection, Si; i. i respect-Humbleness. 

bow'-el-less. Merciless. Compassion-Rutiilessness. 

bow'-els. The intestines. Outside-Inside: bowels 
of compassion, Compassion-Ruthlessness; bowels 
of the earth, 1 )li pness-Shallowness. 

bow'-er. A cottage; an arbor. Contents-Receiver, 
Country. Dweller-Habitation; bowers of bliss, 

bow'-ie-knife". A hunting knife, 
worn as a weapon by Colonel J. 

bowl. A conca I; a ball for rolling on level sur- 

i, nts- Receiver. Revolution; bowl 
along, Swiftness-Slowness. Traveling-Naviga- 
tion ; flowing bowl, Teetotalism-Intemperance. 

bowl'-der. A large stone. Roundness. 

bow'-legged". i I Recti- 

linearity, Proportion I i iity. 

bowl'-ing -green". A lawn for playing at bowls. Erect- 
ness-Flatness. Form-Form i 

bowls. A game. Entertainment-Weariness, Smooth- 

bow'-man". An archer. Belligerent, Push-Pull. 

bow'-shot". The distance an arrow can be shot from a 
bow. Remoteness-Nearness. 

bow'-string". A string for a bow; a Turkish punish- 


bow'-wow". The bark of a*' ' -Ululation. 

box. A ease; blow on th Contents- 

Receiver. Dweller-Habitation, Strife-Peace: 
box the compass, Aim-Aberration, Bigotry-Apos- 
Revol box the ear, Favor- 

ite-Anger, Recompense-Punition; box up, Re- 
lease-Restraint; horse box, Conveyance- Vessel; 
musical box, Musical Instruments; wrong box, 
Difficulty-Facility, Right-Wrong, Skill-Un- 


box'-er. A pugilist. Belligerent. 

box'-ing. Pugilism. Strifi 

boy. li i lcl . Infant-Veteran, Male-Female. 

boy'-cott. Refraining from h Capt. 

Boycott, A. D. iSSo, an Irish landlord. Labor-Cap- 

boy'-ar. An aristocrat Gentility-Democrj 

boy'-hood. Si Age. 

boy'-ish. Like a boy. Infant-Veteran. 

To squabble. Strife-Peace. Variance- 



brace. That which holds; a pair: 

tive, Duality. M Dissonance, Stren 

Weakness, Union-Disunion, Weariness-Rb- 


brace'-let. A wrist ornament. Circle-Winding, Em- 

brach'-i-al. Belonging to the arm. Anatomy, In- 




bra-chyg'-ra-phy. Stenography. Writing-Printing. 

bra'-cing. Invigorating. Healthiness-Unhealthi- 
ness, Weariness-Refreshment. 

brack'-en. Fern. Fauna-Flora. 

brack'-et. A support. Architecture, Connective, 
Duality, Suspension-Support, Union-Disunion. 

brack'-ish. Saltish. Pungency. 

brad. A thin nail. Connective. 

brad'-awl". An awl to make holes for inserting brads. 

Brad'-shaw. A guide-book to English railways. Trav- 

brae. A hillside. Height-Lowness. 

brag. Boast; a game of cards. Bragging, Enter- 

brag"-ga-do'-cio. A braggart. Bragging. 

brag'-gard-ism. Boastfulness. Bragging. 

brag'-gart. A boaster. Bragging, Brawler. 

brag'-ging. Boasting. Bragging. 


Blague. Pretentious falsehood. 
Boast. The act of boasting; bragging. 
Boasting. Ostentatious speaking or display. 
Bombast. High-sounding language. 
Bounce. Audacious boasting. 
Brag. Showy pretense. 

Braggardism. The act of boasting or bragging. 
Bravado. Boastful conduct. 

{Anything said to gain public applause. It comes from 
a remark made by a Congressman from North Caro- 
lina that he was talking "Only for Buncombe." a 
county in his congressional district. 

Chauvinism. Very showy and exaggerated patriotism. From N. 
Chauvin, a soldier of Napoleon. 

Crake. Boasting; a boast. 

Exaggeration, etc. The act of overstating the truth. See Gull- 

Exultation. The act of excessive rejoicing. 

Fanfaronnade. A blustering speech or style; vain boasting. 

Fine talking. Boastful speech. 

Flourish. An ostentatious display of words and figures. 

Flourish of trumpets. Great rejoicing. 

Gasconade. Boasting; bragging like Gascons. 

Gloriation. Boasting. 

Glorification. The act of making glorious. 

Jactancy. A bragging 

Jactitation. A false assertion repeated to the prejudice of another's 

Magniloquence. Bombastic discourse. 

Much cry and little wool. Much noise but little product, m, when 
one shears the swine. 

Pretense. False show. 

Pretension. An assumed right 

Puff. An empty expression of praise. 

Puffery. The bestowment of interested public commendation. 

Rodomontade. Like Rodomonte in Orlando Furioso. Vainglo- 
rious boasting. 

Tall talk. Bragging. 

Teratology. Affected sublimity. 

Triumph, etc. Exultation for success, etc. See Solemnization. 

Vanity, etc. Idle show. etc. See Conceit. 

Vaporing. Idle boasting. 

Vaunt. Ostentatious display. 

Venditation. Showy display. 

Vox et pneterea nihil [L.j. Voice and nothing else. 

Bragging — Nouns of Agent. 

Blusterer A noisy swaggerer. See Brawler. 

Boaster. One who boasts.; a braggart. 

Braggadocio. A braggart; a boaster. 

Braggart. A boaster. 

Brutum julmen [LJ. A harmless thunderbolt. 

Charlatan. An impostor. 

Fanfaron [F .]. A bully. 

Foxy Quiller. Bragging comic detective. 

Heroics. Poems which celebrate the deeds of heroes. 

Jackpudding. Abuffoorj 

Pretender. One who lays claim or asserts a title to something. 

f Exult over. 

Puppy, etc. A conceited and impertinent person. See Society- 
Soi-disant [F.]. A pretender. 
Trumpeter. One who proclaims, publishes, or denounces 

Bragging — Verbs 

Ballarag. To boast. 

Boast. To speak vaingloriously, especially of oneself or one's belong- 
Brag. To speak boastfully. 
Chuckle. To laugh in an exulting or derisive manner. 

Crark I 

„ j. /To talk boastfully; tu crack up, as a whip. 

Crow over. To exult triumphantly over, like a game-cock. 

Exult. To rejoice triumphantly; to leap up. 

Faire claquer son jouet [F.]. To crack a whip; hence, to make a 

noise in the world. 
Halioo before one is out of the wood. To shout before one is out of 

Make a boast of. I 
Make a merit of.) 
Neigh. To utter a cry like a horse; to scoff or jeer. 
Puff. To flatter or to praise excessively; to blow up, as a bladder. 
Se jaire valoir IF]. To maintain one's dignity. 
Show off. To make a display of oneself. 

Sing Io triumphe. To sing as Roman soldiers at a triumph. 
Strut. To walk about with affected dignity. 
Swagger. To bluster or boast noisily. 
Take merit to oneself. Assume credit. 

Talk big. To brag; to speak great [Bacon, Essay on Friendship^. 
Throw up one's cap. To exult exceedingly, as over a victory. 
Triumph. To gain a victory; to celebrate a victory. 
Trumpet. To proclaim abroad. 

Vapor. To indulge in idle talk; to boast; to blow off steam. 
Vaunt. To make an ostentatious display of ; to display with vanity. 

Bragging — Adjectives. 

Boastful. Disposed to boast. 

Boasting. See Verbs. 

Braggart. Boastful. 

Cock-a-hoop. Exulting. 

Elate. Puffed up by success. 

Elated. Filled with exultation. 

Exultant. Given to rejoicing. 

Flaming. Very ardent. 

Flushed. Glowing with excitement. 

Flushed with victory. 

Gasconading. Inclined to brag or boast like a Gascon. 

In high feather. Exulting in spirit. 

Jubilant. Shouting songs of triumph. 

Magniloquent. Speaking in a pompous style. 

On stilts. Elevated as if on stilts, hence pompous. 

Pretentious. Inclined to claim more than is one's due. 

Soi-disant. [F] Self-styled. 

Stilted. Bombastic. 

Thrasonic. Pertaining to Thraso. a braggart soldier in Terence's 

Eunuch, hence boastful. 
Triumphant. Exultant over victory. 
Vainglorious. Possessed of empty pride. See Conceit. 
Vaunted. See Verbs. 

Bragging — Adverbs. 

Vauntingly.etc. See Adjectives. 

Bragging — Phrases. 

Cunr leves hquuutttr, ingentes stupent [L.]. Trivial anxieties 

talk, great ones stand mute. 
Facta turn verba [L.J Deeds, not words. 
"Let the galled jade wince." [Shakespeare, Hamlet, 111, it.] 

Brah'-ma. The Hindu Supreme Creator. Jove-Fiend. 

Brah'-man. A member of the first caste of India. Or- 

Brah'-min. A member of the first caste of India. 
Ministry-Laity, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

Brah-min'-ic-al . Pertaining to the doctrines of the 
Brahmins. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

braid. To plait; sort of lace. Connective, Crossing, 
Union-Disunion, Variegation. 

brain. The understanding; to kill. Liff.-Kii.ling; 
Mind-Imbecility, Sagacity-Incapacity; blow one's 




brains out, Life-Killing; coinage of the brain, 
Fancy; suck one's brains, Investigation-Answer; 
rack one's brains, Fancy, Mind-Imbecility. 

brain'-less. Witless. Sagacity-Incapaciti 

brain'-pan". The skull. Mind-Imbeciliti 

brain'-sick". Mentally disordered. Heed-Di regard. 

brain'-work". Mental labor. Reflection-Vacancy. 

brake. A fern; a harrow. Fauna-Flora, Release- 

bram'-ble. A prickly shrub. Remedy-Bane, Sharp- 

bran. Husk. Friability. 

bran'-card. A horse-litter. Conveyance-Vessel. 

branch. A bough; a department. Fauna-Flora, 
Parentage-Progeny, Whole-Part; branch off, 
Concentration- Radiation, Doubling -Halving; 
branch out, Doubling-Halving, Terseness-Pro- 

branch'-ing. The act of sending forth branch Pro 
portion- Deformity. 

brand. A mark; a sword; a disgrace; a kind. ADULA- 
TION -Disparagement, Approval- Disapprovai , 
Combustible, Heating-Cooling. Luminary -Shade, 
Ki i'Utation-Discredit, Sign. Weapon; brand of 
discord, Variance-Accord; brand new, Novelty- 
Antiquity; brand with reproach, Justification- 

bran'-dish. Flourish. Agitation, Pomp, Vibration. 

bran'-gle. Brawl. Variance-Accord. 

bran'-gler. A wrangler Antagonist-Assistant. 

brank. To restrain. Recompense-Scourge. 

bran'-ny. Like bran. Friability. 

bras i [F.] (bra With hands 

folded A< i iveness. 

bras ouverts, a [l'| (brazu-var\a With open arms. 
i iteness. 

brash. A transienl attack of sickness. Hkaltii- 

bra'-sier. A brass-worker. Oven-Refrigerator. 

brass. An alloy of copper and zinc ; boldness. Brag- 
ging; brass band, M icai 1 . i < ments; brass- 
colored, Bl UEN] is-Orange; brass farthing, C 
q bnce-Insignificance; bold as brass, Bravery- 

brat. A contemptuous name for a child. Infant- 

brat'-ling. An infant. Infant-Veteran. 

bra-va'-do. A brag Bragging. 

brave. Fearless; bold; to dan-. Bravery-Coward- 
ice, Defiance. Emotion, Kxcitability-Inexcita- 
ity, Health-Sickness; brave a thousand years 
[Campbell, Ye Mariners 0} i Lastingness- 


bra'-ver-y. Courage. Bravery-Cowardice. 


Audacity. Excessive tendency to venture. 

Backbone. Firmness. 

Boldness, etc . Readiness to meet danger, etc. See Adjectives. 

Bottom. Power of endurance. See Persistenci 

Bravery. Sustained energy of soul in the presem e of living or active 

Bulldog courage. Determination; persistence 
Chivalry. Conduct becoming a knight. 
Confidence. Trust in oneself or another. 
Contempt of danger. Recklessness. 
Courage. Calm and persistent bravery in the presence of moral as 

well as physical dangers', a stout heart. 
Daring. Eagerness to encounter dangers. 
Dash. Animation. 

Defiance of danger. Utter recklessness. 
Face. Effrontery. 

Firmness. Persistence in an opinion or position So' DSFIANI I 
Fortitude. Firmness of mind in resisting dangers and sufferings. 
Gallantry. Spirited and adventurous courage with gaiety. 
Game. Gallantry, the spirit of a game-cock 
Hardihood. Boldness, united with firmness and constancy of mind. 

Heart. Spirit 

Heart of grace. Courageousness. 

Heart of oak. Courage, valor. 

Heroism. The courage of a hero or demigod 

Intrepidity. The quality of sustaining the 1 -t extreme and appall- 
ing dangers unmoved. 

Manhood. I Cou ^ etc. 

Manliness. ' 

Mettle. Ardor. The metal of which a warrior is made 

Nerve . Fearlessness . 

Pluck. Spirit; indomitable resolution. 

Prowess. Bravery combined with skill. 

Rashness, etc. Undue haste in action, etc. See Reckli m ■*- 

Resoluteness. Firmness in purpose. 

Resoiution. j Confidence in oneself . 

Self-reliance. * 

Spirit. Vivacity; nerve, heart, pluck, stomach I 

Spunk. Spirit, or p uck ; touchwood; tinder. 

Valor. Quality shown by refusing to yield and fly 

Virtue. Moral excellence ; in early Rome, plm k 

Bravery — Agen 
Amazon. One of a fabulous race of female warriors in Scythia. 
Bulldog. A fierce dog noted for its persistence; hence, a deter- 
mined person. 
Bully. A fellow, more insolent than courage ".i 9 
Demigod. A fabulous hero, the offspring of a deity andai 
Fighting-cock. A male fowl kept lor fighting; hence, .1 quai 

Baseness. Dishonorableness. 

Cowardliness I StatC ° r ^ naX{ ^' of boing foarfuI See Adjectives- 


Base cowardice. 

Dastardly. I 

Effeminacy. Womanish delicacy orsoftn. 

Fear. Feeling aroused by the expectation of danger. See San- 

; 1 -Timidity. 
Funk. Cowardly fright. 
Poltroonery. Mean-spirited cowardli' 
Pusillanimity. Lack of firmness of heart. 

Timidity. Disposition of being afraid of offending others, or experi- 
tng ill from them. 

Cowardice — Denotations . 

Alarmist. A person who is always on the lookout for danger. 

Coistrel. A coward. 

Coward. A person who lacks courage. 

Dastard. A person who does mean, cowardly acts. 

Midget. A person who docs small, low deeds. 

Milksop. An effeminate person. 

Pessimist. A person who sees danger and evil in all change. 

Poltroon. A base, ( owardly person. 

Recreant. One wh r proved false to a trust. 

Runagate. See QUBS1 Evasion. 

Sneak. A person who does stealthy, mean deeds. 

Terrorist. A persi >n who finds cause of alarm in small deeds. 

Cowardice — Figurative Terms. 
Bob Acres. Boasti I [Sheridan's Rivals.] 

Dunghill-cock. Cock of ordinary breed 
Jerry Sneak. The type of a foolish, but good-hearted, hen-pecked 

husband. [Foote's Mayor of Garratt.] 
One that cannot say " Bo" to a goose. A very timid person. 
Shycock. An easily frightened person. 
White-liver. A coward. 

Cowardice — Vt • 

Be a coward, etc. See Nouns. 

Be cowardly, etc Sec Adjectives. 

Cower. To bend in tear or shame. 

Flinch. To shrink from danger. 

Funk. Flinch. 

Quail, etc. To tremble from fearin the presence t danger, etc. See 

Run away, etc. See Quest-Evasion. 
Show the white feather. Act like a a 
Shy. To act timidly. 
Skulk. To hide or move about so as not to be seen. 





BRAVERY — Agents— Continued. 

Fire-eater. See Recklessness. 

Game-cock. See Fighting-cock. 

Hector. The Trojan hero of the Trojan war. 

Lion . The king of beasts ', hence , a brave man . 

Man. A strong, courageous person. 

Man of mettle. A brave, determined person. 

Panther. A fierce wild animal ; hence, a persistent fighter. 

Tiger . A wild animal ; hence , a fierce person . 

Bravery — Associated Words. 
Achievement. A deed accomplished by great bravery. 
Bold stroke . A deed requiring courage . 
Exploit. A remarkable achievement. 
Feat. A notable deed. 
Heroic act. [ An act wor thy of a hero. 

Heroic deed. J 

3ravery — Verbs. 

Beard. To oppose openly. . .. ,. 

Be courageous. To be brave. See Adjectives. 
Brave. To resist with bravery. 
Cheer. To urge on. 

Dare. To call directly or indirectly to combat. 

Defy. To hold of little worth that which opposes. See Defi- 
Embolden. To make bold. 
Encourage. To give courage ; to hearten. 

Face. To resist boldly. 

Fire. To arouse spirit. 

Inspirit. To infuse spirit in . 

Make bold. To put on a show of bravery. 

Meet To combat with. 

Nerve. To summon all one's self-control and courage together. 

Rally. To restore animation in. 

Reassure. To restore courage to. 

Stand. To resist without yielding. 

Venture. To dare in a hazardous manner. 

Bravery — Verbal Expressions. 

Affront danger, confront danger; beard the lion in his den, to venture 
or provoke an open combat against great odds; bear up to stand 
bear up against; be courageous (see Adjectives) \ bell the cat, 
to discuss a venture which none are brave enough to undertake, 
brave danger; come to the scratch, to show the required or ex- 
pected amount of bravery, come up to the scratch; confront dan- 
ger- defy danger; despise danger; face danger; front danger; give 
courage; go through fire and water, to brave any danger; hold out, 
etc (see Persistence); hold up one's head, to be fearless; infuse 
courage; inspire courage; keep in countenance to an-car undis- 
turbed- look boldly in the face; look danger in the face; look full 
in the ace; look in the face; make a man of, to develop manly 
nullities in; make bold, to venture; march up to the cannon s 
mouth, to walk into danger unflinchingly; meet m front; mock 
"anger- muster courage; nerve oneself; pat on the back to en- 
courage, or to praise; pluck up courage; pluck up hear of grace, 
to revive one's spirits; present a bold front, put a bold face upon, 
to act in a bold and fearless manner; put upon one s mettle to call 
forth one's utmost endurance; raise a rallying cry; run he gaunt- 
et pass through dangerous experiences; screw up one's courage 
to 'the ticking place; show a bold front; showfight; stand against 
stand fire sustain an attack; stand to one's guns, be firm , 
Slo up courage; take courage; take heart, take heart of grace, 
torev-vc- one's courage; take the bull by the horns, to meet a dan- 
ger boldly. 

B ra very — A died ives. 

Adventurous. Inclined to hazard life in adventures. 

Audacious. Impudently bold or daring. 

Aweless. Not affected by awe. 

Bold. Ready to meet danger. . 

Brave. Not losing heart in the face of living or active opponents. 

Chivalrous. Acting like a knight. 

Confident. Trusting in oneself or others. _i,„rir a l 

Courageous. Calmly and persistently brave in moral and physical 

Daring. Anxious for adventures. 
Dashing. Spirited. 

Dauntless. Not easily daunted. „.„__ 

Determined, etc. Not wavering etc. See Determination 
Dogged. Stubbornly persistent. 

COWARDICE — Verbs — Continued. 

Slink. To steal away quietly. 

Sneak. To hide or steal away in a cowardly maxmt i 

Turn tail. Flee. 

Cowardice — Adjectives. 

Base. Dishonorable in dealing with others. 

Coward. 1 Lac k; ng m courage to meet danger. 

Cowardly. ' 

Craven. Meanly seeking to escape danger by begging off. 

Dastard. I Fearful i y shrinking from danger. 

Dastardly. > 

Dunghill. Of low birth, or of little worth. 

Effeminate. Weak-hearted. 

Fearful. Constantly looking for ill to befall one. 

Frightened. Paralyzed with sudden fear. See Sanguinenhss- 

Milksop. Effeminate. 
Recreant. Unfaithful to a pledge. 
Shy. Distrustful. 
Skittish. Easily frightened. 

Sneaking. Keeping out of view because of cowardice. 
Soft. Not determined; yielding easily. 
Spiritless. Lacking spirit. 

Timid Fearing to offend or receive offense from others. 
Timorous. Lacking in moral firmness. 
Unmanned. Deprived of one's nerve or courage. 
Unsoldier-like. Cowardly. 

Cowardice — Adjective Expressions. 

Chicken-hearted, faint-hearted, cowardly ; in face a lion but in heart 
a deer apparently bold, but really cowardly; infirm of purpose 
(see Determination-Vacillation); lily-livered; milk-livered; 
pigeon-hearted; smock-faced; unable to say "Bo" to a goose; weak- 
hearted; weak-minded; white-livered. 

Cowardice — Interjections. 

Devil take the hindmost 1 

Sauve qui peut [F.]. Save himself who can. 

Cowardice — Phrases. 
Ante tubam trepidat [L.]. He trembles even before the trumpet 

sounds. „ . , , 

Audendo magnus tegitur timor [L.]. Great fear is covered by a 

show of daring. 
Cams timidi vehementius latrant quam mordent [L.]. Cowardly 

dogs bark more fiercely than they bite. , 

One's courage oozing out. Losing one's courage slowly. Ibnendan & 


BRAVERY — Adjectives — Continued. 

Doughty. Brave. 

Dreadless. Not affected with dread. 

Enterprising. Ae ting with a calculated boldness. 

Fearless. Not affected with fear. 

Fierce. Showing a cruel disposition. 

Firm. Fixed. See Mutability-Stability. 

Gallant. Displaying gallantry. 

Hardy. Able to endure. 

Heroic. Of a hero. 

Indomitable. Unconquerable. See Persistence. 

Intrepid. Calm in the face of the greatest dangers. 

Lion-hearted. Very brave. 

Lion-like. Bold as a lion. 

Manful. Displaying valor and prowess. 

Manly. Becoming a man. 

Mettlesome. Courageous. 

Penthesilean. Brave, like Penthesilea. 

Plucky. Possessing spirit. 

Pugnacious, etc. Inclined to fight, etc. See sub Si rife. 

Reassured. Encouraged. 

Resolute . Uninfluenced by the consequences of his own action 

Savage . Rejoicing in the pain of others . 

Self-reliant. Trusting in one's own abilities. 

Soldierly. Acting like a soldier See Fighting. 

Spirited. Possessing ardor. 

Spiritful. Spirited. 

Stout. Firm, resolute. 




Unabashed. Not confused. 

Unalarmed. Not alarmed. 

Unappalled. Not appalled. 

Unapprehensive. Not expecting something fearful or evil. 

Unawed. Not affected with awe. 

Unblenched. Not having shown fear by paleness of the face. 

Unblenching. Not betraying fear by whiteness of the face. 

Undaunted . Fearless. 


bravery — Adjectives — Continued 

Undismayed. Not frightened. 

Undreaded. Fearless. 
Unfeared. Not frightened. 
Unshrinking. Not shrinking. 

v , ' | Unyielding in the face of danger. 

Venturesome. ) ,,. . 
Venturous. / Rlsky " 

-Adjective Expressions. 

Bold asa lion; bold as brass; bold-spirited; heart of oak, brave; high- 
mettled; high-spirited; iron-hearted, unmoved by fear; one's blood 
being up; stout-hearted; strong-minded; upon one's mettle, having 

Bravery — Phrases. 

all one's spirits aroused; up to, required of some one to show ability, 
power, etc.; up to the scratch, ready to enter a contest. 

Audacter ct sincere [L .]. Bravely and sincerely. 
Courage sans petir [F.]. Courage without fear. 
Fortes fortuna adjuvat [L.]. Fortune favors the brave. 
11 a U courage de ses convictions [F.]. He has the courage of his 

bravissimo [It.] (bra-vis'-si-mo). Superlative of bravo, 
brave. Approval-Disapproval. 

bravo [It.] (bra'-vo). A bandit; well done! Appro- 
val-Disapproval, Life-Killing, Recklessness- 

bra-vu'-ra. A passage that requires dash. Music. 

brawl. A noisy quarrel; revel. Cry-Ululation, En- 
tertainment-Weariness, Variance-Accord. 

brawl'-er. A noisy fellow. Antagonist-Assistant, 
Brawler, Insubordination-Obedience. 


Blusterer. One who blusters oris characterized by noisy violence. 

Braggart. One who indulges in boasting. See Bragging. 

Brawler. One who becomes involved in noisy quarrels. 

Bully. A threatening, quarrelsome fellow. 

Dare-devil. A very reckless person. 

Desperado. A man of a reckless, desperate character. 

Doctrinaire. A propounder of dogmatic theories. 

Dogmatist. A bold propounder of principles. 

Drawcansir. A braggart. [Buckingham's Relicarsal .] 

Fanfaron [F.]. A blusterer; a bully. 

Fire-eater. A daring fellow always ready for a fight. 

Fury. A violent woman. See Turbulence. 

Hackster. A bravo. 

Jackanapes. A conceited fellow. 

Jack-in-office. An insulting fellow in office. 

Malapert. A bold, saucy person; pert. 

Minx. A bold or lewd girl . 

Mohawk. One of a group of ruffians who formerly infested the 
streets of London like Indians. [The Spectator, 1712.] 

Prig. A conceited fellow. 

Puppy, etc. A contemptible, impertinent fellow, etc. See Society- 

Rodomonte. A braggart. [Orlando Furioso, by Ariosto ] 

Roisterer. A turbulent fellow. 

Rough. A coarse fellow; a bully. 

Rowdy. A ruffian. 

Saucebox. An insolent person. 

Swaggerer. One who brags noisily; a blusterer. 

Swashbuckler. A blusterer or boastful fellow. 

Terrorist. An advocate of terrorism; an agent of the revolutionary 
tribunal during the French Revolution. 

Vaporer. A braggart 

Brawler — Denotations. 

Bantam-cock. A small fighting cock; hence, a fighting person. 
Bombastes Furioso. The hero of W. B. Rhodes' farce Bon 
Furioso; a burlesque of Orlando Furioso. 

Omne solum jorti patria [L.]. Every soil is fatherland to the brave 

One's blood being up. Roused. 

Virtus ariete fortior [L.]. Valor is stronger than the battering-ram. 
Virtus millia scuta [L.]. Valor is a thousand shields. 
Virtus vincit invidiam [L.]. Virtue prevails over envy. 

Captain Bobadil. A character in Ben Jonson's Every Man in His 

Chrononhotonthologos. The hero of a tragedy of tin ame 

produced by Henry Carey, burlesque of Fielding's Tom Thuti 
Hector. The bravest of the Trojan warriors in Homer's Iliad. 
Parolles. A boastful coward in Shakespeare's AIVs Well that Ends 

Sir Lucius O'Trigger. A fortune-hunting Irishman in Sheridan's 

comedy The Rivals. 
Sir Oracle. A title used by Gratiano in Shakespeare's Merchant of 

1 enit e to ridicule those who affect wisdom. 
Thraso. A braggart soldier in Terence's Eunuch, 

Brawler — Phrase. 

Canes timidi vehementius lalrant quam mordent [L], Cowardly 
dogs bark more fiercely than they bite. [Q. Curtius Rufus.] 

brawn'-y. Strong, muscular. Greatness-Littleni - 

bray. Grind; cry. Cry-L'lulatiox. Friability. 

Bray. A parish in Berkshire. England. Vicar of 

Bray, Bigotry-Apostasy, Presumption-Obsequi- 

bra'-zen. Bold. Presumption-Obsequiousness. 

breach. A break; quarrel. Dueness-Undueness, In- 
terspace-Contact, Union-Disunion, Variance- 
Accord; breach of faith, Uprightness-Dishonesty; 
breach of law, Conventionality-Unconventional- 
ity, Law-Lawlessness; breach of the peace, Vari- 
ance-Accord; custom honored in the breach [Shake- 
speare, Hamlet, I, iv], Habit-Desuetude. 

breach'-load-er. A gun. Weapon. 

bread. Food made of flour or meal. Nutriment-Ex- 
cretion; beg bread, Petition-Expostulation, L'n- 
selfishxess-Selfishxe^s ; bread of idleness, Activ- 
ity-Indolence; bread of life, Divinity, Godliness- 
Ungodliness; bread upon the waters, Provision- 
Waste; quarrel with bread and butter, Skill-Un- 

bread'-bas"-ket. A Tray for carrying bread. Con- 

bread '-fruit". The fruit of an African tree. Nutri- 

bread'-stuff " . Material for bread. Nutriment-Ex- 

bread'-win"-ner. Producer. Labor-Capital. 

breadth. Broadness. Breadth-Narrowness, Light- 


Amplitude. Greatness of extent or surface. Angustation. The act of narrowing. 

Bore. The size of a hole or the interior diameter of a gun-barrel Closeness. The state of being close or narrow. 

or rifle-barrel. Coarctation. Restriction to a narrow space. 

Breadth. The distance from one side of a thing to the other; width. Constriction. The act of contracting. 





Caliber. Diameter of a cylindrical body, as of a gun-barrel. 

Corpulence. Excessive fleshiness. See Greatness. 

Crassitude. Thickness. 

Diameter. The length of a straight line through the center of a 
plane figure or solid, terminated at the boundary thereof. 

Dilation. The state of being expanded or enlarged. See En- 

Latitude. Distance from side to side; specifically, distance north or 
south from the equator. 

Radius. A semidiameter. 

Superficial extent. The measure of surface. 

Thickness. The quality of being thick. 

Width. Distance from side to side; the state of being wide. 

Breadth — Verbs. 

Be broad, etc. See Adjectives. 

Became broad, etc. See Adjectives. 

Expand. To widen out; to enlarge. See Enlargement. 

Render broad, etc. See Adjectives. 

Thicken. To render thick. 

Widen. To make wide ; to increase in breadth. 

B readth — Adjectives . 

Ample. Large; making a full supply for every want. 

Broad. Extended from side to side; wide. 

Discous. Like a disk or flat circular plate. 

Dumpy. Short and thick. 

Extended. Stretched out in length and breadth. 

Fanlike. Shaped like a fan- 

Outspread. Expanded. 

Outstretched. Spread out ; extended outside of or beyond. 

Squab. Fat; bulky. 

Squat. Short and thick, like an animal sitting on its hams or heels. 

Thick. Having a great extent or depth from one surface to its oppo- 

Thick as a rope. Not very thick; comparatively thin. 

Thickset. Having a short, stout body. 

Wide. Having great extent between the sides; greatly extended 
every way. 

Wide as a church door. [Romeo and Juliet, III , f ] 

NARROWNESS — Adjectives — Continued from Column 2. 

Lean as a rake. [Chaucer, Prolog. Canterbury Tales ] 

Macilent. Lean; emaciated. 

Marcid. Lean; thin. 

Meager. Deficient in flesh; thin. 

Narrow. Of little distance from side to side. 

Rawboned. With but little flesh on the bones. 

Scant. Meager; less than is needed for the purpose 

Scanty. Lacking in extent; narrow; small. 

Shriveled. Drawn into wrinkles; shrunken. 

Skinny. Wanting in flesh. 

Slender. Narrow in proportion to the length or height. 

Slender as a thread. Very slender. 

Slight-made. Slim or slender. 

Slim. Thin in proportion to the length or height. 

Spare. Lean; lacking flesh. 

Starved. Reduced in flesh by hunger. 

Starveling. Lean; emaciated with want. 

Tabid. Affected by a progressive wasting away of the body. 

Taper. Gradually narrowed toward the end. 

Thin. Of little thickness or distance from one surface to its opposite. 

Thin as a lath. \ * 

Thin as a wafer. -Extremely thin. 

Thin as a whipping-post. |_ 

Threadlike, etc. Thin like a thread, etc. See Lamina-Fiber. 

Dnexpanded. Not spread out or diffused- 

Weedy. Like a weed, especially of a rank but weakly growth. 

"Worn to a shadow. Thin. 

break. To rend; drawn; become bankrupt; to fall out. 
Commission- A b rogation, Continuity-Interrup- 
tion, Conveyance- Vessel, Duty-Dereliction, 
ed ucation-mlste aching, entirety-deficiency, 
Exposure - Hidingplace, Interspace-Contact, 
Mutation-Permanence, Observance-Nonobserv- 
ance, Settlement-Default, Toughness-Brittle- 
ness, Union-Disunion, Whole-Part; apply the 
break, Swiftness-Slowness; break a habit, Habit- 

Contraction. The state of being drawn together or lessened 

See Enlargement-Diminution. 
Emaciation. The state of being greatly reduced in flesh. 
Exiguity. Thinness. See Greatness-Littleness. 
Exility. Smallness; slenderness. 
Macilency. Leanness. 

Marcor. A withering or wasting away of flesh ; emaciation. 
Mere skin and bones. State of being extremely thin or wasted away. 
Harrowing. The act of making or becoming less wide or extended. 
Narrowness, etc. See Adjectives. 
Stricture. Contraction of a duct or channel. 

Tapering. The state of becoming gradually small toward one end. 
Tenuity. The state or quality of being thin. 
Thinness, etc. See Adjectives. 

Narrowness — De ions. 

Anatomy. A skeleton. 

Finger's breadth. The width of a finger. 

Gliant [Hind], A mountain pass. 

Hair's breadth. The thickness of a hair. 

Hour-glass. An instrument for measuring the interval of an hour. 

Isthmus. A narrow neck of land connecting two larger divisions of 

Lantern-jaws. Long thin jaws; hence, a thin visage. 
Line. That which has length, but not breadth or thickness. 
Middle. The waist. 
Neck. A narrow portion of land. 
Pass. A narrow valley. 
Ravine. A narrow pass. See Interspace. 
Ridge. A raised line or strip of ground. 
Shadow. A reflected image. 

Shaving. A thin slice or strip shaved off with a plane. 
Skeleton. The framework of the body. 
Slip. A slender piece. See Lamina-Fiber. 
Spindleshanks. A person with slim legs. 
Streak. A line or long mark. 
Strip. A narrow, long piece. 

Thread-paper. Thin paper used in wrapping up thread. 
Vein. A narrow mass of rock or mineral. 
Waist. A girdle or belt for the waist. 
Wasp. An insect having a long, slender body. 

Narrowness — Verbs. 

Be narrow, etc. See Adjectives. 

Contract, etc. To draw together or lessen in extent. See Enlarge- 
Narrow. To make less wide or to restrict. 
Render narrow, etc. See Adjectives. 
Taper. To become smaller toward one end. 

Narrowness — Adjectives. 
Attenuated. Made thin or rare. 

Barebone. So thin or lean that the bones show their forms. 
Close. Narrow; closely confined. 

Contracted, etc. Drawn together or lessened, etc. See Enlarge- 
Delicate. Slight or slender. 
Emaciated. Wasted away in flesh. 
Extenuated. Drawn out or made thin. 
Fine. Not coarse; thin. 
Finespun. ■ Drawn out to a fine thread. 
Gaunt. Lean; wasting. 
Hatchet-faced. Having a sharp visage. 
Herring-gutted. Thin in the waist. 
Incapacious. Narrow; small. 
Lank. Slender; poorly filled out. 
Lanky. Somewhat lank or thin. 
Lantern-jawed. Thin-jawed or thin-visaged. 
Lean. Lacking flesh ; thin. 

(Continued on Column 1 .) 

Desuetude ; break a lance, Attack-Defense, Fight- 
ing-Conciliation; break a law, Conventionality- 
Unconventionality; break away, Quest-Evasion; 
break bread, Nutriment-Excretion; break bulk, 
Admission-Expulsion; break down, Betterment- 
Deterioration, Creation-Destruction, Success- 
Failure, Transcursion-Shortcoming; break forth, 
Entrance-Exit; break ground, Beginning-End; 
break in, Domestication-Agriculture, Education- 




Misteaching, Entrance-Exit, Liberty-Subjec- 
tion; break in upon, Continuity-] 'tion, 
Entrance-Exit, Obstruction-Help, Opportune- 
ness- Unsuitable ness, Organization-Disorgani- 
zation; break loose, Escape, Release-Restraint; 
break no bones, Goodness-Badness; break of, Reno- 
vation-Relapse; break of day, Dimnuss, Morning- 
Evening; break off, Commission-Abrogation, Dis- 
continuance-Permanence, Quest-Abandonment; 
break the circuit, Electricity; break one's neck, 
Life -Death, Might- Impotence; break on the 
wheel, Pleasurableness-Painfulness, Punition- 
Penalty, Recompense, Sensuality -Suffering; 
break out, Beginning-End, Excitability-Inex- 
citability, Health-Sickness, Turbulence-Calm- 
ness; break Priscian's head, Grammar-Solecism; 
break prison, Release-Restraint; break short, 
Toughness-Brittleness; break silence, Speech- 
Inarticulateness; break the heart, Ligh i-hearted- 
ness-Dejection, Pleasurableness-Painfulness, 
Pleasure- Pain, break the ice, Amity -Hostility; 
break the neck of, Enterprise, Success-Failure; 
break the peace, Strife-Peace, Turbulence-Calm- 
ness; break the ranks, Organization-Disorganiza- 
tion; break the teeth, Purity-Crudeness; break the 
thread, Continuity-Interruption; break through 
the clouds, Exposure-Hidingplace, Visibility-In- 
visibility; break through a custom, Habit-Desi e- 
tude; break up, Beginning-End, Betterment-De- 
terioration, Composition-Resolution, Creation- 
Destruction, Revolution, Union-Disunion; 
break up of the system, Health-Sickness, Life- 
Death, Security-Insecurity; break with, Vari- 
ance-Accord; break with the past, Revolution; 
break word, Truthfulness-Fraud, Uprightness- 

break'-er. A trainer; wave. River-Wind, Swamp- 
Island, Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

break'-ers. Hugo waves. Refuge-Pitfall, River- 
Wind; breakers ahead, Security-Insecurity; sur- 
rounded by breakers, Difficulty-Facility. 

break'-fast. The morning meal. Nutriment-Excre- 

break'-neck". A steep place; rash. Parallelism- 
Inclination, Recklessness-Caution. 

break'- wa"-ter. A wall to break the force of waves. 
Obstruction-Help, Refuge-Pitfall. 

breast. The chest; to meet. Affections, Antagonism- 
Concurrence, Convexity-Concavity, Mind-Imbe- 
cility, Outside-Inside; at the breast, Infant- 
Veteran: breast high, Heigiit-Lowness; breast the 
current, Reprisal-Resistance;, in the breast of, 

breast'-plate". Armor for the breast. Attack-De- 

breast'- work". A low parapet for defense. Attack- 

breath. Air inhaled or exhaled; life; breeze. Ani- 
mality-Vegetability, Eternity-Instantaneity, 
Life-Death, Loudness-Faintness, River-Wind; 
breath of new-mown hay, City-Country ; hold breath, 
Astonishment -Expectance, Expectation - Sur- 
prise, Movement-Rest; in the same breath, Coex- 
istence, Eternity-Instantaneity; not a breath of 
air, Heat-Cold, Movement-Rest; out of breath, 
Weariness-Refreshment; shortness of breath, 
Weariness-Refreshment; take away one's breath, 
Astonishment-Expectance, Expectation-Sur- 
prise, Sanguineness-Timidity; take breath, Move- 
ment-Rest, Weariness-Refreshment; with bated 
breath, Vocalization-Muteness. 

breathe. To respire; to utter softly. Admission- 
Expulsion, Anatomy, Enlightenment-Secrecy, 
Entity-Nonentity, Evidence-Counterevidence, 

Exposure-Hidingplace, Meaning-Jargon, Lifb- 
Deatii, Loudness-Faintness, River-Wind, 
Speech-Inarticulateness, Vocalization-Mute- 
ness, Weariness-Refreshment; breathe freely, Al- 
leviation-Aggravation, Pleasure-Pain; breathe 
one's last, Life-Death; not breathe a word, En- 

breath'-ing. Respiring. Life-Death ; breathing time, 
Fighting-Conciliation, Toil-Relaxation. 

breath'-less. Out of breath; exhausted. Astonish- 
ment-Expectance, Desire-Distaste, Emotion, 
Heed-Disregard, Hurry-Leisure, Sanguineness- 
Timidity, Vocalization-Muteness, Weariness- 
Refreshment: breathless attention, Inquisitive- 
ness-Indifference; breathless expectation, Expec- 
tation-Surprise; breathless impatience, Desire- 
Distaste; breathless speed, Hurry-Leisure. 

breech. The hinder part of anything. Anteriority- 

breech'-es. A man's garment. Breeches maker, Dress- 
Undress; breeches pocket, Contents-Receiver, 
Money; wear the breeches, Rule-License. 

breed. To hatch; instruct. Creation-Destruction, 
Division, Domestication-Agriculture, Educa- 
tion-Miste aching, Parentage-Progen y. 

breed'-ing. Training. Domestication-Agriculture, 
Politeness - Impoliteness, Society - Ludicrous- 

breeze. A slight wind. River-Wind, Variance- 

breez'-y. Airy. River-Wind. 

breth'-ren. Formal plural of brother. Ministry-Laity. 

breve. A note in music. Melody-Dissonance. 

bre-vet'. A commission giving an officer rank above 
his pay. Commission-Abrogation, Leave-Prohibi- 
tion, Order; brevet rank, Reputation-Discredit. 

brevet d'invention [F.] (bre-ve' dan - -vcuv-si-on''). A 
patent. Leave-Prohibition. 

bre'-vi-a-ry. The prayer-book of the Roman Catholic 
Church. Ceremonial. 

bre-vier'. A small printing letter. Writing-Printing. 

brev'-i-ty. Shortness. Length-Shortness, Terse- 

brew. Mingle; to make beer. Mixture-Homo- 

brew'-ing. A preparing of liquor; impending. Oc- 
currence - Destiny, Preparation - Nonprepara- 
tion; storm brewing, Security-Insecurity-. 

bri'-ar. A prickly plant. Remedy-Bane, Sharpness- 

Bri-a'-re-an. Many-handed. Multiplicity-Paucity. 

bri'-ar-y. Full of briars. Sharpness-Bluntness. 

bribe. To corrupt by gifts. Giving-Receiving, 
Motive-Caprice, Outlay-Income, Proffer-Re- 
usal, Recompense-Punition, Uniformity-Multi- 

bri'-ber-y. The act of giving bribes. Buying- 

brick. A block of burned clay. Good Man-Bad Man, 
Hardness-Stjftness, Heating-Cooling, Materi- 
als, Uprightness-Dishonesty; brick color, Red- 
ness-Greenness; make bricks without straw, Possi- 

brick'-bat". A fragment of a brick. Push-Pull, 

brick'-lay"-er. One who lays bricks. Agent. 

bri'-dal. Nuptial. Matrimony-Celibacy - . 

bride. A newly married woman. Matrimony-Celi- 

bride'-groom". A newly married man. Matrimony- 

brides'-maid". A young unmarried woman who 
attends a bride at her wedding. Matrimony- 




brides'-man". A male friend who attends upon a 
bridegroom and bride at their wedding. Matrimony- 

Bride'-well. A lockup. Release-Prison. 

bridge. A structure carrying a road over some im- 
passable place. Connective. Way; bridge over, 
Composition- Resolution, Difficulty-Facility, 
Fighting-Conciliation, Union-Disunion. 

bri'-dle. A part of a hors's harness. Pride-Humble- 
ness, Release-Restraint, Sensuality-Suffering; 
bridle one's tongue, Recklessness-Caution, Talk- 
ativeness-Taciturnity; bridle-road, Way; bridle 
up, Favorite-Anger. 

brief. Short. Account, Digest, Lastingness-Tran- 
sientness, Length-Shortness, Terseness-Pro- 

brief'-ly. Shortly; in a few words. Earliness-Late- 
ness, Lastingness-Transientness, Terseness- 

brig. A vessel of two masts. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bri-gade'. A division of troops. Belligerent. 

bri-gade'-ma"-jor. An officer appointed by the briga- 
dier-general to assist him in his duties. Chief- 

brig"-a-dier'. The commanding officer of a brigade. 

brig'-and. A lawless fellow. Robber. 

brig'-and-age. Robbery. Theft. 

brig'-an-tine. A two-masted vessel. Conveyance- 

bright. Clear; witty; intelligent; promising. Color- 
Achromatism, Light-Darkness, Lighthearted- 
ness-Dejection, Reputation-Discredit, Sagacity- 
Incapacity, Sanguineness-Hopelessness; bright 
days, Welfare-Misfortune; bright-eyed, Beauty- 
Ugliness; bright prospect, Sanguineness-Hope- 
lessness, Timidity; bright side, Pleasurableness- 
Painfulness; bright thought, Design, Sagacity- 
Incapacity, Wittiness-Dulness; look at the bright 
side, Lightiieartedness-Dejection, Sanguineness- 

bright'-en. To make bright. Brighten up, Better- 
ment-Deterioration, Light-Darkness, Light- 
he artedness-Dejection. 

bright'-ness. Clearness; brilliancy. Light-Darkness. 

brigue. To contend. Association, Strife-Peace. 

bnllcr par son absence [F.] (bri-ye' par son - ab-sans'). 
To be conspicuous by one's absence. Presence- 

bril'-lian-cy. Great brightness. Beauty-Ugliness, 

bril'-liant. Shining; a gem; good. Beauty-ITgliness, 
Embellishment-Disfigurement, Goodness-Bad- 
ness, Reputation-Discredit; brilliant idea, Witti- 

brim. Rim; to be full of. Border; brim over, Excess- 

brim'-ful". Full to the top. Entirety-Deficiency. 

brim'-mer. A brimming glass, as of wine. Entirety- 

brim'-ming. Full to the brim. Entirety-Deficiency. 

brim'-stone. Sulphur. Combustible. 

brin'-ded. Brindle. Variegation. 

brin'-dled. Spotted. Variegation. 

brine. The ocean; salt-water. Ocean-Land, Pun- 

bring. To convey to; persuade; to produce an increase. 
Bring about, Cause-Effect, Completion-Noncom- 
pletion; bring back, Taking-Restitution; bring 
back to the memory, Remembrance-Forgetful- 
ness; bring forth, Creation-Destruction, Mani- 
festation-Latency; bring forward, Betterment- 
Deterioration, Education-Misteaching, Evi- 
dence - Counterevidence, Manifestation - La - 

tency; bring gray hair to the grave, Pleas vrable- 
ness-Painfulness, Welfare-Misfortun:: ; bring 
grist to the mill, Gain-Loss, Usefulness-Uslless- 
ness; bring home, Gain-Loss; bring home to, Evi- 
dence-Counterevidence, Faith-Misgiving. Justi- 
fication-Charge, Rationale-Luck; bring in, Ad- 
mission-Expulsion, Outlay-Income, Price-Dis- 
count; bring in a verdict, Decision-Misjudgment; 
bring in its train, Solitude-Company; bring in ques- 
tion, Faith-Misgiving, Investigation-Answer; 
bring into being, Creation-Destruction; bring into 
play, Use-Disuse; bring low, Reputation-Dis- 
credit; bring off, Rescue; bring out, Discovery, 
Manifestation-Latency, Writing-Printing; bring 
over, Faith-Misgiving; bring round, Faith-Mis- 
giving, Motive-Caprice, Renovation-Relapse; 
bring to, Buying-Sale, Conversion-Reversion, 
Movement-Rest; bring to a crisis, Persistence- 
Whim; bring to bear upon, Agency, Connection- 
Independence, Use-Disuse; bring to life, Life- 
Death; bring to light, Discovery, Exposure- 
Hidingplace, Manifestation-Latency; bring to 
maturity, Completion-Noncompletion, Prepara- 
tion-Nonpreparation; bring to mind, Remem- 
brance-Forgetfulness; bring to perfection, Enter- 
prise; bring to a point, Gatheringplace; bring to 
terms, Fighting-Conciliation; bring to trial, Liti- 
gation; bring together, Gathering-Scattering; 
bring under one's notice, Heed-Disregard; bring 
up, Admission-Expulsion, Creation-Destruction, 
Education-Misteaching; bring up the rear, An- 
teriority-Posteriority; bring word, Enlighten- 

brink. Edge. Brink of the grave, Life-Death; on the 
brink, Future-Past, Magnitude-Smallness, Re- 

bri'-ny. Full of salt. Pungency. 

brisk. Active; gay. Activity-Indolence, Lasting- 
ness-Transientness, Lighthe artedness-Dejec- 
tion, Vigor-Inertia. 

bris'-tle. A short, stiff hair. Bristle up, Convexity- 
Concavity, Favorite-Anger, Sharpness-Blunt- 
ness; bristle with, Enough, Excess-Lack; bristle 
with arms, Fighting-Conciliation. 

bris'-tling. Becoming like bristles. Sharpness-Blunt- 


Brit'-ish. Pertaining to Great Britain and its people. 
Dweller-Habitation; British lion, Determina- 
tion-Vacillation, Patriotism-Treason. 

Brit'-on. British. True Briton, Uprightness-Dis- 

brit'-tle. Fragile. Toughness-Brittleness. 

brit'-tle-ness. Friability. Tuughness-Brittleness. 

britz'-ska. A long carriage. Conveyance-Vessel. 

broach. To utter; pierce; a tapering tool. Admission- 
Expulsion, Assertion-Denial, Beginning-End, 
Cause-Effect, Publicity. 

broad. Wide; ample; gross. Assertion-Denial, 
Breadth-Narrowness, Gulf-Plain, Purity-Im- 
purity, Universality - Particularity; broad ac- 
cent, Vocalization-Muteness; broad awake, Ac- 
tivity-Indolence, Carefulness -Carelessni ss; 
broad daylight, Light-Darkness, Manifestation- 
Latency; broad farce, Wittiness-Dulness: broad 
grin, Jubilation-Lamentation; broad highway, 
Way; broad hint, Enlightenment-Secrecy; broad 
meaning, Meaning-Jargon. 

broad'-cast. Widely spread. Gathering-Scattering; 
sow broadcast, Extravagance-Avarice. 

Broad Church. The liberal wing of an)' Church. Or- 

broad'-heart"-ed. Generous. Charitableness-Ma- 

broad'-sheet". A newspaper. Missive-Publication. 




broad'-shoul"-dered. Wide across the shoulders. 
Strength- Weakness. 

broad'-side. A discharge of all the guns on one side < if a 
ship; a paper printed on only one side. Attack- 
Defense, Laterality-Contraposition, Publicity. 

broad'-sword". A sword with a broad blade and a cut- 
ting edge. Weapon. 

Brob"-ding-nag'-i-an. [Swift, Gulliver's Travels, ,] 
Gigantic. Greatness-Littleness. 

bro-cade'. A fabric woven with raised figures. Em- 
bellishment- D SFIGUREMENT. 

brocatelle [F.] (broc-a-tel'). A yellow variegated 
marble. Embellishment-Disfigurement. 

bro-chure'. A short pamphlet. Missive-Publication. 

Brock'-en. A mountain in Germany. Specter of the 
Brocken, Sight- Dimsightedness. 

brodcr [F.] (bro-de'). To embellish. Gull-Hyperbole. 

brogue. A boot; a dialect. Dress-Undress, Word 
Neology, Speecii-Ixar ncULATENESs. 

broi'-der-y. Embroidery. Embellisiiment-Disfig- 

broil. A noisy quarrel; to cook over the coals. Heat- 
Cold, Heating-Cooling, Strife-Peai e, Variance- 

Tjro'-ken. Torn apart; humbled; ruined; rough. 
Continuity-Interruption, Si reng i h-Weakness; 
broken down, Betterment-Deterioration, Light- 
heartbdness-Dejection, Suci ess-Failure; broken 
English, Word-Neology; broken fortune, Afflu- 
ence-Penury, Welfare-Misfortune; broken heart, 
Lightheartedness- Dejection, Pleasure - Pain, 
Sanguineness-Hopelessness; broken meat, Use- 
fulness - Uselessness ; broken reed, Security-In- 
security; broken voice, Speech-Inarticulateness, 
Vocalization-Muteness; broken winded, Health- 
Sickness, Weariness. 

bro'-ker. An agent. Consignee, Dealer. 

bro'-ker-age. The business of a broker; his fee. Price- 

bro'-ker-y. The business of a broker. Exchange. 

bron'-chi-a. The air-passages of the lungs. Water- 
course- Airpipe. 

bron'-chus. One of the divisions of the trachea. 
Watercourse- Airpipe. 

bronze. A compound of copper and tin. Gray- 
Brown, Sculpture. 

brooch. A breastpin. Embellishment-Disfigure- 

brood. Offspring; sitting on eggs. Multiplicity- 
Paucity, Parentage-Progeny; brood over, Light- 
he a rtedn ess- Deject ion, Reflection-Vacancy. 

brood'-ing. Hatching eggs. Preparation-Nonprep- 


brook. A small stream; bear. Excitability-Inex- 
citability, River-Wind. 

brook'-let. A small brook. River-Wind. 

broom. A brush for sweeping. Cleanness-Filtiii- 

broth. Thin soup. Nutriment-Excretion. 

broth'-el. A bawdy house. Purity-Impurity. 

broth'-er. A son of the same parents; a companion. 
Equality-Inequality, Likeness-Unlikeness, Re- 

broth'-er-hood. Union. Amity-Hostility, Associa- 
tion, Gathering-Scattering, Likeness-Unlike- 
ness, Relationship. 

Broth'-er Jon'-a-than. [Biblical.] Washington's name 
for Jonathan Trumbull, Gov. of Connecticut; a 
Yankee; the American people. Patriotism-Trea - 

broth'-er-ly. Affectionate; kind. Amity-Hostility, 
Charitableness-Malevolence, Love -Hate. 

brough'-am. A light carriage. Conveyance-Vi 

.brought. Past tense of bring. Brought to bed, Cre- 
ation-Destructii INi 

brouillerie [F.] (brui-ye-ri'). Disagreement. Vari- 
i. -Accord. 

brouillon [F.] (brui-yom'). Blundering. Design. 

brow. The forehead; an edge. Anteriority-Pos- 
teriority, Border, Top-Bottom. 

brow'-beat". To bully. Presumption-Obsequious- 
ness, Regard-Disrespect, Sanguineness-Timid- 
ii y; brow-beaten, Selfrespect-Humbleness. 

brown. A dark olo . Gray-Brown; brown Bess, 
Weapon; brown study, Heed-Disregard, Reflec- 

Brown. A family name. Brown, Jones and Robinson, 

Brown'-i-an. Pertaining to the Scotch botanist, Dr. 
Robert Brown. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

brown'-ie. A household spirit. Jove-Fiend. 

browse. To graze. Nutriment-Excretion. 

bru'-in. A bear. Politeness-Impoliteness. 

bruise. To crush; to injure with blows. Friability, 
Goodness-Badness, Purpose-Luck. 

bruis'-er. A pugilist. Belligerent. 

bruit. A loud noise; to noise abroad. Publicity, 

bru'-mal. Wintry. Heat-Cold. 

brum'-ma-gem. A sham. Truthfulness-Fraud. 

bru-nette'. A woman of dark complexion. Gray- 

brunt. Shock; an assault. Continuity-Interrup- 
tion, Impetus-Reaction; bear the brunt, Attack- 
Defense, Difficulty-Facility, Emotion, Excita- 
b i lity-In excitability. 

brush. An instrument to brush with; thicket; a fight. 
Cleanness-Filthiness, Painting, Smoothness- 
Roughness, Strife-Peace, Swiftness-Slowness; 
brush away, Admission-Expulsion, Commission- 
Abrogation; brush up, Betterment-Deteriora- 
tion, Preparation-Nonpreparation; paint-brush, 

brush'-wood. A thicket of small trees. Fauna- 

brusque. Rough; blunt in manners. Hurry-Lei- 
sure, Politeness - Impoliteness. Turbulence- 

brusquerie [F.] (briis-ke-ri'). Abruptness. Hurry- 
Leisure, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

brus'-tle. To rustle. Crash-Drumming. 

bru'-tal. Inhuman; vulgar. Charitableness-Ma- 
levolence, Politeness-Impoliteness, Taste-Vul- 

bru-tal'-i-ty. Savageness. Charitableness-Malevo- 
lence, Mind-Imbecility, Politeness-Impolite- 
ness, Taste-Vulgarity, Virtue-Vice. 

bru'-tal-ize. To make brutal ; corrupt. Betterment- 
Deterioration, Sensitiveness-Apathy, Virtue- 


brute. A beast; cruel; coarse. Benefactor-Evil- 
doer, Fauna-Flora, Politeness-Impoliteness; 
brute force, Coercion. Harshness-Mildness. Law- 
Lawlessness, Mind-Imbecility, Strength-Weak- 
ness, Turbulence-Calmness; brute matter, Mate- 
riality-Spirituality, Organ ization-Inorg aniza- 

Brute, et tit. [L.] (Bru'-ti, et tiu). Thou too, Brutus. 

bru'-ti-fy. Brutalize. Politeness-Impoliteness. 

bru'-tish. Stupid; cruel. Charitableness-Malevo- 
lence, Gentility-Democracy, Moderation-Self- 
indulgence, Taste-Vulgarity. 

brutunt fulmen [L.] (bru'-tum ful'-men). A harmless 
thunderbolt. Bragging, Might-Impotence, Rule- 
License, Success-Failure. 

Bry'-an-ite. "A Bible Christian." [Founded by Wm. 
O'Bryan, a Cornishman, 1S15.] Orthodoxy-Heter- 




bub-ble. A small bladder of water; a cheat; to rise 
in bubbles. Agitation, Consequence-Insignifi- 
cance, Greatness-Littleness, Heaviness-Light- 
ness, Lastingness-Transientness, River-Wind, 
Substance-Nullity, Truth-Error, Truthful- 
ness-Fraud, Viscidity-Foam; bubble burst, Expec- 
tation-Disappointment, Success-Failure, Trans- 
cursion-Shortcoming; bubble reputation, Reputa- 
tion-Discredit; bubble up, Agitation. 

bub'-bling. Forming bubbles. Viscidity-Foam. 

buc"-ca-neer'. A pirate. Robber, Theft. 

buc"-ca-neer'-ing. Pirating. Robber. 

buc"-ca-nier'. A pirare. Robber. 

Bu-ceph'-a-lus. Alexander's favorite horse. Con- 

buck. The male of deer, goats, etc.; a fop. Clean- 
ness-Filthiness, Fauna-Flora, Male-Female, So- 
ciety-Dandy, Spring-Dive; buck basket, Contents- 
Receiver; buck jump, Spring-Plunge. 

buck'-et. A vessel for carrying water. Drop bucket 
in empty well, Usefulness-Uselessness; kick the 
bucket, Life-Death; like buckets in a well, Vibra- 

buck'-le. An instrument for fastening straps; a curl. 
Circle-Winding, Connective, Union-Disunion; 
buckle on one's armor, Preparation-Nonprepara- 
tion; buckle to, Persistence- Whim, Toil-Relaxa- 
tion; buckle with, Stri fe-Peace. 

buck'-led. Fastened with buckles. Circle-Winding. 

buck'-ler. A shield. Attack-Defense. 

buck'-ram. Haughty; stiffness of manners. Self- 
respect-Humbleness, Society-Affectation; men 
in buckram, Gull-Hyperbole. 

bu-col'-ic. Pertaining to shepherds; a pastoral poem. 
City-Country, Domestication-Agriculture, Po- 

bu-cra'-ni-a. Ornaments. Architecture. 

bud. An undeveloped flower; to graft; expand. Be- 
ginning-End, Cause-Effect, Enlargement-Dimi- 
nution, Injection-Ejection; bud from, Cause- 

Bud'-dha. A religious teacher. Jove-Fiend, Reve- 

Bud'-dhism. The Hindu religion, widely prevalent in 
Asia. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 

Bud'-dhist. One who accepts the teachings of Bud- 
dhism. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy - . 

bud'-ding. The beginning. Infancy-Age. 

budge. To move. Movement-Rest. 

budg'-et. A bag; a financial statement; a store. Ac- 
counts, Contents-Receiver, Gathering-Scatter- 
ing, Store; budget of news, Tidings-Mystery. 

buff. A light yellowish color. Redness-Greenness; 
native buff, Dress-Undress. 

buff'-er. A non-concussion apparatus. Attack-De- 
fense, Obstruction-Help. 

buf'-fet. Thump; to struggle against. Agitation, 
Favorite-Anger, Good-Evil, Goodness-Badness, 
Impetus-Reaction, Recompense-Punition; buffet 
the waves, Antagonism-Concurrence, Difficulty- 

buf-fet'. A cupboard. Contents-Receiver. 

buffo [It.] (buf'-fo). A comic actor. Acting. 

buf-foon'. A clown. Acting, Society-Laughing- 
stock, Wag. 

buf-foon'-er-y. Jests. Acting, Entertainment- 
Weariness, Society - Derision, Society - Ludi- 
crousness, Wittiness - Dulness. 

bug. An insect of many species. Cleanness-Filthi- 

bug'-a-boo". A specter. Alarm, Sangiinenkss- 

bug'-bear. A frightful object. Alarm, Fancy, San- 

bug'-gy. A light carriage. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bu'-gle. A horn. Fighting-Conciliation, Musical 
Instruments; bugle call, Order, Sign. 

build. Construct. Creation-Destruction, Form- 
Formlessness; build up, Inclusion-Omission; build 
upon, Faith-Misgiving; build upon a rock, Muta- 

build'-er. An architect. Agent. 

build'-ings. Edifices for any tise. Dweller-Habita- 

built. Erected. Built on, Top-Bottom. 

bulb. A round root; to swell. Convexity-Concav- 
ity, Enlargement-Diminution, Roundness. 

bulb'-ous. Having or growing from bulbs. Convex- 
ity-Concavity, Enlargement-Diminution, Round- 

bulge. A swelling. Convexity-Concavity. 

bulk. Size; mass. Greatness-Littleness, Whole- 

bulk'-head". A partition in a ship. Obstruction- 

bulk'-y. Large; unwieldy. Greatness-Littleness. 

bull. The male of cattle; the pope's edict; stock- 
dealer. Adage-Nonsense, Grammar-Solecism, In- 
crease-Decrease, Labor-Capital, Male-Female, 
Order, Truth-Error; bull in a china shop, Regu- 
larity-Irregularity; take the bull by the horns, 
Bravery - Cowardice, Determination -Vacilla- 

Bull. A family name. John Bull, a typical English- 
man. [Arbuthnot, Satire, 1712.] Dweller-Habi- 

bull'-calf . A dull, stupid fellow. Sage-Fool. 

bull'-dog. A ferocious dog. Bravery-Cowardice, 
Determination- Vacillation, Fauna-Flora, Per- 

bul'-let. A ball for a gun. Roundness, Weapon. 

bul'-le-tin. An official report. Missive-Publication, 

bull'-fight. A fight in an arena between men and 
bulls. Strife-Peace. 

bull'-head. Stubborn. Sage-Fool. 

bul'-lion. Uncoined gold or silver. Money. 

bull's'-eye. The center of a target; a policeman's lan- 
tern. Center, Luminary-Shade, Purpose-Luck. 

bul'-ly. A noisy fellow; to terrorize. Belligerent,. 
Benefactor - Evildoer, Bravery - Cowardice, 
Brawler, Charitableness-Menace, City-Coun- 
try, Good Man-Bad Man, Harshness-Mildness, 
Presumption - Obsequiousness, Recklessness - 
Caution, Sanguineness-Timidity. 

bul'-rush". A large rush growing in damp places. Con- 

bul'-wark. A fortification. Attack-Defense. 

bum-bail'-iff. A sheriff's deputy. Judicature. 

bum'-ble-dom. Extravagant authority shown by 
petty officials. Judicature, Rule-License. 

bum'-boat". A clumsy boat. Conveyance-Vessel. 

bump. To strike; an extension. Convexity-Con- 
cavity. Impetus-Reaction. 

bump'-er. A cup or glass filled to the brim. En- 

bump'-kin. A clown; a rustic. Gentility-Democracy. 

bump'-tious. Self-conceited; aggressive. Presump- 
tion-Obsequiousness, Regard-Scorn, Selfre- 

bunch. A hunch; a cluster. Convexity-Concavity, 

bunch'-backed". Hunchbacked. Proportion-De- 

bun'-combe. A district in N. C; speech made for it 
by its Congressman; political claptrap; bombastic 
utterance. Adulation-Disparagement, Bragging, 




bund [G] (bunt). A league, especially of German states. 

bun'-dle. A number of things bound together; a 
parcel; to dismiss. Gathering-Scattering, Meas- 
ure, Traveling-Navigation; bundle on, Hurry- 
Leisure, Swiftness-Slowness; bundle out, Admis- 

bung. A stopper for a barrel. Perforator-Stopper; 
bung up, Aperture-Closure. 

bun'-ga-low. A one-storied house. Dweller-Habi- 

bun'-gle. Work clumsily. Skill-Unskilfulness. 

bun'-gler. A clumsy person. Adept-Bungler, Skill- 

bun'-gling. Awkward. Skill-Unskilfulness. 

bun'-ker. A chest. Contents-Receiver. 

bun'-kum. Buncombe. 

bun'-ting. A thin stuff used for flags. Sign. 

buoy. Support; a guide to ships. Elevation-De- 
pression, Heaviness-Lightness, Sanguineness- 

buoy'-an-cy. Power to float on or in a liquid or gas. 
Elasticity-Inelasticity, Heaviness-Lightness, 
Sang uin en ess-Hopelessness. 

buoy'-ant. Floating; cheerful; light. Ascent-De- 
scent, Elasticity-Inelasticity, Heaviness-Light- 
ness, Lightheartedness-Dejection, Sanguine- 

bur. A prickly head of a plant; a ridge. Engraving, 
Smooth ness- Rough ness. 

bur'-den. A load; care; refrain. Contents-Receiver, 
Excess-Lack, Heaviness-Lightness, Melody-Dis- 
sonance, Obstruction-Help, Pleasurableness- 
Painfulness; Pleasure-Pain, burden of a song, 
Recurrence; burden the memory, Remembrance- 

bur'-den-some. Grievous. Goodness-Badness, Heav- 
iness-Lightness, Obstruction-Help. 

bu'-reau. A desk; office; a department of business. 
Contents-Receiver, Market, Purity-Impurity, 
Tribunal, Workshop. 

bu-reau'-cra-cy. Government by bureaus. Rule- 

bu'-reau-crat. A member of a bureaucracy. Manager. 

burg. Borough. City-Country. 

bur'-gee. A pennant. Sign. 

bur'-geon. To sprout. Enlargement-Diminution. 

bur'-gess. A citizen. Dweller-Habitation, Presi- 

burgh. An incorporated village. Dweller-Habita- 

burgh'-er. A citizen of a burgh. Dweller-Habita- 

burgh'-mote. The court of a burgh. Tribunal. 

bur'-glar. A thief. Robber. 

bur'-gla-ry. Housebreaking by night. Theft. 

bur'-go-mas"-ter. A chief magistrate. Chief-Under- 
ling, President-Member. 

bur'-grave. The magistrate of a fortified town. Chief- 

bur'-i-al. A funeral. Ceremonial, Life-Funeral. 

bur'-ied. interred. Confinement, Deepness-Shal- 
lowness, Enlightenment-Secrecy, Life-Funer- 
al; buried in a napkin [Bible], Carefulness- 
Carelessness; buried in oblivion, Remembrance- 

bu'-rin. An engraver's tool. Engraving. 

burke. To murder by suffocation. [An Irish murderer, 
1829.] Life-Killing. 

bur-lesque'. Laughable imitation; a dramatic travesty, 
Acting. Copy-Model, Imitation-Originality, Re- 
gard-Disrespect, Society-Derision, Society-Lu- 

burlctta Tit ] (bur-let'-ta) . A comic opera. Acting. 

bur'-ly. Stout. Greatness-Littleness. 

burn. To destroy by heat; to be very active; to be ful? 
of passion. Discovery, Excitability-Ixexcita- 
bility, Heat-Cold, Heating-Cooling, Love-Hate, 
Recompense-Punition, Remoteness-Nearness, 
River-Wind; burn daylight, Activity-Indolence; 
burn in, Heating-Cooling; burn one's fingers, Skill- 
Unskili 'I'lness ; burn out, Heating-Cooling; burn 
the candle at both ends, Extravagance-Avar 
Provision-Waste, Toil-Relaxation; burn to, De- 

burn'-er. A part of a lamp. Luminary-Shade, 

burn'-ing. Hot; passionate. Desire-Distaste. Emo- 
tion, Favorite-Anger, Heating-Cooling; burning 
pain, Sensuality-Suffering; burning shame, Repu- 
tation-Discredit; burning with curiosity, Inquisi- 
tiven ess- In difference 

bur'-nish. To polish. Beauty-Ugliness, Light- 
Darkness, Smoothness-Roughness. 

bur'-nished. Polished. Light-Darkness. 

bur'-nish-er. One who bvirnishes; a tool for burnishing. 

bur'-noose. An Arabian garment. Dress-L'ndress. 

bur'-nous. An Arabian garment. Dress-Undress. 

burnt. Consumed by fire; scorched. Heating-Cool- 
ing, Redness-Greenness; burnt offering, Atone- 
ment, Devotion-Idolatry. 

burr. A rough guttural sound. Cacophony. 

bur'-rock. A small weir or dam in a river to direct the 
current to fish-traps at one side. Obstruction- 

bur'-row. Excavate; a hole made by animals. Con- 
vexity-Concavity, Establishment-Removal. 

bur'-sar. A treasurer. Treasurer. 

bur'-sa-ry. A treasury. Treasurer, Treasury. 

burst. To break; an explosion; to commence. Crash- 
Drumming, Eternity-Instantaneity, Excitabil- 
ity-Inexcitability, Favorite-Anger, Toughness- 
Brittleness, Turbulence-Calmness. L"xion-Dis- 
union; bubble burst, Completion-Noncompletion, 
Exposure-Hidingplace; burst away, Quest-Eva- 
sion; burst forth, Beginning-End, Enlargement- 
Diminution, Visibility-Invisibility; burst in, En- 
trance-Exit; burst into a flame, Excitability-In- 
excitability; burst into tears, Jubilation-Lamen- 
tation; burst of anger, Favorite-Anger; burst of 
eloquence, Speech-Ixarticulatexess; burst of envy, 
Pardon-Envy; burst of laughter, Jubilation- 
Lamentation; burst out, Entrance-Exit. Excita- 
bility- Inexcitability, Turbulence -Calmness ; 
burst upon, Arrival-Departure, Expectation- 
Surprise; burst with grief, Jubilation-Lamenta- 
tion; ready to burst, Excess-Lack. Excitation. 

bur'-then. A load. Contents-Receiver. Excess- 
Lack, Heaviness-Lightness, Obstruction-Help. 

bur'-y. To inter. Confinement, Enlightenment- 
Secrecy, Life-Funeral; bury one's talent, Life- 
Funeral; bury the hatchet, Fighting-Conciliation. 

bus'-by. A tall bushy fur cap. Dress-Undress. 

bush. A low shrub; a thicket. Fauna-Flora, Gulf- 
Plain, Whole-Part; beat about the bush, Mid- 
course-Circuit, Terseness-Prulixit y. 

bush'-el. A dry measure of four pecks. Contents- i 
Receiver, Greatness-Littleness, Magnitude- 
Smallness, Multiplicity-Paucity; hid under a 
bushel, Carefulness-Carelessness; not hide light 
under a bushel, Selfrespect-Humbleness. 

bush'-fight"-ing. Fighting under the cover of bushes. 

buch'-ran"-ger. An outlaw. Robber. 

bush'-y. Overgrown. Smoothness-Roughness. 

bus'-i-ness. Occupation; traffic. Conception-Theme, 
Conduct, Exchange. Occupation. Occurrence- 
Destiny, Quest-Evasion; full of business, Ac- 




TIVity-Indolence; man of business, Adept-Bun- 
gler, Consignee; mind one's business, Careful- 
ness-Carelessness, Heed-Disregard, Inquisitive- 
ness-Indifference; send about one's business, Ad- 
mission-Expulsion; stage business, Acting. 

bus'-i-ness-like. Systematic; practical. Activity-In- 
dolence, Conduct, Occupation, Regularity-Ir- 
regularity, Skill-Unskilfulness. 

bus'-kin. A half boot. Acting, Dress-Undress. 

bus'-kined. Having the feet laced in buskins; tragic. 

buss. A small two-masted vessel; a kiss. Blandish- 
ment, Conveyance-Vessel, Politeness-Impolite- 

bust. A statue of the head and shoulders. Delinea- 

bus'-tle. To stir quickly. Activity-Indolence, Agi- 
tation, Dress-Undress, Hurry-Leisure, Vigor- 

bus'-tling. Hurrying. Mutability-Stability. 

bus'-y. Occupied. Activity-Indolence, Occupa- 

bus'-y-bod"-y. A meddler with others' affairs. Ac- 

but. Except; yet; save, etc. Boundary, Compensa- 
tion, Conventionality-Unconventionality, Mod- 
ification; but now, Time. 

butch'-er. One who slaughters. Benefactor-Evil- 
doer, Life-Killing. 

butch'-er-y. Wholesale slaughter; a slaughter house. 

but'-ler. A servant in care of the liquors. Chief- 

butt. A limit; aim; one at whom fun is thrust. At- 
tack-Defense, Contents-Receiver, Impetus-Re- 
action, Purpose-Luck, Society-Laughingstock; 
butt end, Beginning-End. 

butte. A conspicuous hill or low mountain range. 
Height-Lowness, Geology. 

but'-ter. A substance obtained from cream. Adula- 
tion-Disparagement, Hardness-Softness; butter 
bread on both sides, Excess-Lack; butter not melt 
in mouth, Politeness-Impoliteness. 

but'-tered side. Side covered with butter. Know on 
which side one's bread is buttered, Skill-Unskil- 
fulness, Unselfishness-Selfishness; not know 
on which side one's bread is buttered, Unselfish- 

but'-ter-fly". A winged insect. Beauty-Ugliness, 
Determinatiox-Yai illation, Pomp, Variegation; 
break butterfly on wheel, Charitableness-Malevo- 
lence, Provision-Waste. 

but'-ter-y. Containing butter. Store. 

but'-tock. The rump. Anteriority-Posteriority. 

but'-ton. A knob for fastening. Connective, Con- 
sequence-Insignificance, Convexity-Concavity, 
Greatness-Littleness, Suspension-Support, Un- 
ion-Disunion; button up, Levelness, Release- 
Restraint; button up one's pockets, Settlement- 
Default; take by the button, Address-Response. 

but'-toned up. Reserved. Enlightenment-Secrecy. 

but'-ton-hold"-er. A bore. Entertainment-Weari- 

but'-ton-top. Top of a button; useless thing. Use- 

but'-tress. A support to a wall. Architecture, 
Attack- Defense, Suspension-Support. 

but"-y-ra'-ceous. Buttery. Pulpiness-Oiliness. 

bux'-om. Plump; comely. Lightheartedness-De- 

buy. Purchase. Buying-Sale. Buy a pig in a poke, 
Purpose-Luck; buy and sell, Exchange. 

buy'-ing. Purchasing. Buying-Sale. 


Bribery. The crime or offense of giving, offering, or accepting any 
Kift, advantage, or emolument used corruptly to influence a public 
officer in his official action, or a private person in the discharge of a 
public duty. 

Buying. Acquisition by payment of a price or value ; purchasing. 

Coemption. Buying the whole quantity of any commodity. 

Emption. The act of buying. 

Preemption. The act or right of purchasing before others. 

Purchase. The act of seeking and acquiring property, buying for 
money or its equivalent. 

Purchasing. Obtaining by the payment of money or its equivalent. 

Refusal. The right of taking in preference to others. 

Shopping. Visiting shops for the purchase of goods. 

Slave-trade. The buying and selling of slaves. 

Buying — Nouns o; Agent. 

Buyer. One who buys. 

Client. One who pays for advice from a legal adviser. 

Customer. One who regularly makes purchases of a tra ler. 

Employer. One who keeps men at work and pays them. 

Emptor [L.]. Buyer. 

Patron. One who protects, supports, or countenam es. 

Purchaser. One who purchases. 

Vendee. The person to whom a thing is vended or sold. 

Buying — Verbs. 

Bribe. Give a bribe to; corrupt with money or other reward. 

Buy. Obtain for a price : purchase. 

Buy in. Purchase stock in any fund or partnership. 

Buy over the counter. 

Complete a purchase. Make a purchase. 

Go a shopping. Visit shops in order to purchase goods. 

Invest in. Make an investment 

Keep in one's pay. Employ. 

Make a purchase. Buy something 

Market. Buy in a market. 

Pay. Make due return to, as for service rendered See Srtti i - 


Auction. A public sale of property to the highest bidder. 
Custom. A tariff or duty assessed by law. See Exchange. 
Disposal. The act of disposing of something by gift, sale, or the like. 
Dutch auction. The public offer of property at a price beyond its 

value, then gradually lowering the price, till some one accepts it as 

a purchaser. 
Roup. A sale of goods by auction. 

Sale. Exchange of property for money or its equivalent. 
Vendibility. The quality or state of being vendible or salable. 
Vendibleness. The quality or state of being vendible. 
Vendue. A public sale at auction. 
Vent. Sale; opportunity to sell; market. 

Sale — Nouns of Agent. 

Auctioneer. One who conducts a sale by auction. 
Haberdasher. One who sells small articles of dress, thread, pins, etc. 
Merchant. A person who buys and sells commodities as a busi- 
ness and for profit . See Dealer. 
Seller. One who sells. 

Vender. One who vends or sells; especially, a pedler. 
Vendor. Same as Vender, the common legal spelling. 

Sale — Verbs. 
Bring to market. Offer for sale. 
Bring to the hammer. 1. Put at auction _ 
Bring under the hammer. J 

Dealin.etc. Buy and sell; furnish, as a retailer. See Exchangi-.. 
Dispense. Deal out in portions. 
Dispose of. Part with; get rid of , as for moi 
Effect a sale. Accomplish the sale of anything. 
Hawk. Offer for sale by outcry in the street ; peddle. 
Let. Allow to be used or occupied for a compensation- rent 
Mortgage, etc. Convey or make over by mortgage, etc. See Se- 
Offer. Tender or present fi ir acceptance or rejection. 
Offer for sale. Offer to give up for a price. 
put up for sale. Offer publicly for sale . 
Put up to auction. Offer for sale at auction. 




BUYING— SALE— Continued. 

BUYING— Verbs— Continued. 
Procure. Come into possession of by some means. 
Purchase. Obtain as one's own by paying, or promising to pay. a 

Rent. Secure the possession and use of for a consideration See 

Repurchase. Buy back or again. 
Shop. Visit shops for the purpose of buying. 

Spend. Pay out. as money, as in making purchases. See Outlay 
Suborn. Induce or procure to commit perjury. 

Buying — Adjectives. 
Purchased, etc. Bought, etc. See Verbs. 
B u Y I N G — Phrase . 
Caveat emptor [L Let the buyer beware. 

SALE — Adjectives — Continued from Column 2. 
Unsalable. Not salable; unmerchantable. 
Vendible. Capable of being vended or sold; salable. 

Sale — Phrase. 
Chose qui plait est a demi vendue [F.]. A thing that pleases is half 

SALE — Verbs — Continued. 

Realize. Obtain as a profit or return. 

Resell. Sell over again. 

Retail. Sell in small quantities to consumers. 

Sell. Give up for a price ; dispose of by sale. 

Sell by auction, etc. See Nouns. 

Sell off. Sell. 

Sell out. Dispose of wholly or entirely. 

Sell over the counter. 

Turn into money. Sell for money. 

Undersell. Sell cheaper than. 

Vend. Transfer to another person for a pecuniary equivalent; 

Sale — Adjectives. 

For sale. To be bought or sold. 

In the market. On hand; for sale. 

Marketable. Fit to be off ered for sale in a market ; salable. 

On one's hands. In one's possession, care or management. 

Salable. That may be sold; marketable 

Unbought. Not bought; not sold. 

Under the hammer. At auction. 

Unpurchased. Unbought; not sold. 

(Continued on Column 1 ) 


buzz. A low humming sound. Cacophony, Cry- 
Ululation, Publicity Resonance-Sibilation, 

buz'-zard. A bird of prey. Sage-Fool; between 
hawk and buzzard, Agitation, Pleasure-Pain; 
blind as a buzzard, Sight-Blindness. 

by. Near; through means of, tc. Instrumentality, 
Laterality-Contraposition ; by and by, Earliness- 
Lateness, Opportuneness Unsuitableness; by 
itself, Solitude-Company; by means of, Agency, 
Means; by my tro.h, etc., Assertion-Denial; by 
no means, Magnitude-Smallness; by the card, 
Conventionality- Unconventionality; by the 
hour, etc., Loan-Borrowing; by the way, Connec- 
tion-Independence, Opportuneness-Unsuitable- 
ness, Purpose-Luck; go by, Transcursion-Short- 
coming; have by one, Holding-Exemption, Pro- 

bye. Secondary; good bye. God be with you. 

Arrival- Departure, Sociability-Privacy. 
by'-gone. Past. Future-Past, Remembrance-For- 

getfulness; let bygones be bygones, Pardon-Vin- 


by'-law". A subordinate law or regulation. Law- 

by'-name". A nickname. Name-Misnomer. 

by' -path". An obscure way. Aim-Aberration 

by'-play". A side-show. Enlightenment-Secrecy, 

byre. A cow-stable. Dweller-Habitation. 

bys'-sus. A kind of flax. Smoothness-Roughness. 

by'-stand"-er. A looker-on. Onlooker, Presence- 
Absence, Remoteness-Nearness. 

by'-way. A secluded way. Way. 

by'-word". A proverb; a nickname. Adage-Nonsense, 
Name-Misnomer, Regard-Scorn, Word-Neology. 




cab. A carriage. Conveyance-Vessel. 

ca-bal'. Conspiracy of leaders. Association-De- 

cab'-a-la. A mystic philosophy. Devotion-Charm, 

cab'-a-ret. A wine-shop. Dweller-Habitation. 

cab'-bage. To pilfer. Theft. 

cab'-in. A small house. Contents - Receiver, 

cab'-ined, cribbed, con-fined'. Narrowly restrained. 

cab'-i-net. A council; a chest of drawers; a private 
room. Contents-Receiver, Council, Rule-Li- 
cense, Workshop; cabinet picture, Painting. 

ca'-ble. A heavy rope. Connective ; slip cable, Mes- 
senger, Quest-Evasion. 

cab'-man. A cab driver. Manager, Measure, Way- 

ca-boose'. A nautical cooking place. Oven-Refrig- 

cab"-ri-o-let'. A one-horse cab. Conveyance-Vessel. 

cache. A place for storing. Store. 

cachet, lettre de [P.] (ca-she', letr de). A sealed letter, 

ca-chex'-i-a. 1 General bad health. Health-Sickness, 

ca-chex'y. J Strength-Weakness. 

cach"-in-na'-tion. Loud laughter. Jubilation-La- 

cack'-le. A shrill cry of a hen; idle talk; a chuckle. 
Conversation-Monologue, Cry-Ululation, Jubi- 
lation-Lamentation, Talkativeness-Taciturnity. 

cac"-c-de'-mon. An evil spirit. Jove-Fiend. 

cacoethcs [L.] (ca-co-i'-thiz). A bad habit. Desire- 
Distaste, Habit-Desuetude. 

cacoethcs loqucndi [L.] (ca-co-i'-thiz lo-quen'-dai) . 
The habit of talking. Talkativeness-Taciturnity. 

cacoethcs scribendi [L.] (ca-co-i'-thiz scri-ben'-dai) . 
The habit of writing. Writing-Printing. 

cac-og'-ra-phy. Bad writing. Writing-Printing. 

cac-oph'-o-nous. Sounding harsh. Cacophony, Mel- 

cac-oph'-o-ny. Disagreeable sound. Cacophony, Mel- 
ody-Dissonance, Purity-Crudeness. 


Acute note. A shrill and piercing note. 

Alto. The lowest female voice or highest male. 

Cacophony. A disagreeable sound. 

Creak, etc. A prolonged, sharp sound made by friction. See Verbs 

Creaking, etc. A succession of creaks. See Verbs. 

Discord, etc. A combination of sounds not in harmony. See 

Falsetto. The high artificial tones of the voice. 
High note. A note high in the musical scale. 

Roughness. The quality of being loud and grating upon the ears. 
Sharpness, etc. The quality of being high in pitch and having a 

piercing sound, etc. See Adjectives. 
Soprano. The highest female voice. 
Stridor. A harsh grating sound. 
Tenor The highest male voice. 
Treble. The highest of the four parts of music. 
Voce di testa [It.]- The head-voice. 

Cacophony — Noun of Agent. 

Penny trumpet. Any instrument that makes a harsh disagreeable 

Cacophony — Verbs. 

Burr. To pronounce with a rough whirring sound. 

Buzz, etc. To produce a shrill murmuring sound like that of bees, 

etc. See Resonance-Sibilation. 
Clank. To produce a harsh metallic sound. 
Clink, To produce a shrill metallic sound. 
Creak. To produce a prolonged sharp sound by friction. 
Grate. To produce a harsh sound by rubbing. 
Jangle. To produce discordant sounds. 
Jar. To produce a harsh rattling sound. 
Pipe. To produce a shrill sound. 
Scream, etc. To cry in a shrill voice, etc. See Cry. 
Twang. To produce a quick, sharp noise; a nasal twang. 
Yelp, etc. To bark in a sharp, shrill tone. See Cry-Ululation. 

Cacophony — Verbal Expressions. 

Ecorchcr les oreilles [F.], to grate upon the ears; grate upon the 
ear; jar upon the ear; offend the ear; pierce the ears, pierce the 
head, to sound shrill and penetrating; set the teeth on edge, to 
sound so as to produce a disagreeable sensation in the teeth; 
split the ears, split the head, to have a piercing sound. 

Cacophony — Adjectives. 

Acute. Shrill and piercing. 
Cacophonous. Having a disagreeable sound. 
Coarse. Loud and harsh. 
Cracked. Harsh and imperfect. 
Creaking, etc. See Verbs. 
.Discordant, etc. Sounding together out of harmony, etc. See 

Ear-piercing. Sharp and penetrating in the highest degree. 
Gruff. Rough and repulsive. 
Grum. Harsh and guttural. 

Harsh. Producing an unpleasant effect upon the ear. 
High. Relatively acute. 
Hoarse. Having a rough grating sound. 
Horrisonous. Producing a terrible sound. 
Piercing. Sharp and penetrating. 
Rough. Loud and hoarse. 
Sepulchral. Grave and low. 
Sharp. Piercing and high in pitch. 
Shrill. Intensely sharp. 
Stridulous. Harsh and grating. 
Trumpet-toned. Very loud and harsh. 

Ca'-cus, den of . A robber's den. Theft. 

cad. A vulgar, low fellow. Chief-Underling, Gen- 
tility-Democracy, Taste- Vulgarity. 

ca-das'-ter. A survey of lands. Mensuration, Rec- 

ca-das'-tral. Pertaining to real estate. Record. 

ca-dav'-er-ous. Resembling a corpse. Beauty-Ug- 
liness, Color-Achromatism, Life-Corpse. 

cad'-dy. A box. Contents-Receiver. 

cadeau [F.] (ca-do'). A present. Giving-Receiving. 

ca'-dence. Modulation of voice. Ascent-Descent, 
Movement-Rest, Music, Sound-Silence. 

cadenza [It.] (ca-den'-za) . A musical flourish. Music. 

cader va chi troppo alto sale, a [It.] (ca'-dcr va ki trop'-po 
al'-to sa'-le, a) . He goes to fall who climbs too high. 

ca-det'. A pupil in a military academy. Belliger- 
ent, Chief-Underling, Infant-Veteran. 

cadge. Act of begging. Petition-Expostulation. 

cadg'-er. A huckster, a beggar. Dealer, Peti- 

ca'-di. A judge. Judge. 




cadit qucestio [L.] (ke'-dit ques'-ti-o). The question 

falls. Proof-Disproof. 
cad'-mi-um. A bluish-white element. Yellowness- 
Purple, Blueness-Orange. 
ca-du'-ce-us. The wand of Mercury. Devotion- 
ca-du'-ci-ty. Tendency to fall off. Betterment-De- 
terioration, Infancy-Age, Lastingness-Tran- 
-ae'-cal. Having an end closed. Aperture-Closure. 
cae'-cum. Cavity open only at one end. Aperture- 
( elilus mihi vires [L.] (si'-lit-us mai'-hai vai'-riz). 
My strength is from heaven. Strength-Weakness. 
Cae'-sar. A Roman emperor. Chief-Underling. 
Ccesar, aut nuilus, aut [L.] (Si'-zar, aut nul'-lus, aut). 
Either Cajsar or nobody. Desire-Distaste, Repu- 
Cae'-sar-ism. Unrestricted rule. Tyranny-Anarchy. 
cae-su'-ra. A break in a poetical foot or verse. Con- 
tinuity-Interruption, Interspace-Contact, Un- 
aetera desunt [L] (set'-er-a di'-sunt). The remainder 

is wanting. Entirety-Deficiency. 
ca"-fe\ A coffee-house. Dweller-Habitation. 
caf'-tan. A Turkish undercoat. Dress-Undress. 
cag. Keg. Contents-Receiver. 

cage. A place of confinement. Contents-Receiver, 
Domestication- Agriculture, Release-Prison, 
Ca-gli-os'-tro. An Italian impostor. Devotion-Ma- 
gician, Gull-Deceiver. 
cahotage [F.] (ca-o-tazh'). Jolting. Heaviness- 
Cain. First son of Adam. Life-Killing. 
ca-ique'. A narrow boat. Conveyance-Vessel. 
cairn. A heap of stones. Life-Funeral, Sign. 
cais'-son. A military box; a water-tight box. Con- 
cai'-tiff. A vile, wicked wretch. Benefactor-Evil- 
doer, Gentility-Democracy, Good Man-Bad Man. 
ca-jole'. To dupe. Motive-Caprice. 
ca-jo'-ler-y. Deceitful speech. Adulation-Dispar- 
agement, Motive-Caprice, Truthfulness-False- 
ca-jo'-ling. Duping. Adulation-Disparagement. 
cake. A baked mass. Cohesion-Looseness, Solid- 
cal'-a-bash. A fruit; a vessel made of the fruit. Con- 
ca-lam'-i-tous. Disastrous. Pleasurableness-Pain- 

fulness, Welfare-Misfortune. 
ca-Iam'-i-ty. A misfortune. Good-Evil, Welfare- 
calamo currente [L.] (cal'-a-mo eur-ren'-ti). A running 

pen, a ready pen. Writing-Printing. 
ca-lash'. A carriage; a cap. Conveyance-Vessel, 

cal-ced'-o-ny. Chalcedony. Embellishment-Dis- 
cal"-ci-na'-tion. Roasting. Heating-Cooling. 
cal'-cine. To reduce to calx by heating. Heating- 
cal'-ci-trate. To kick. Impetus-Reaction. 
cal"-ci-tra'-tion. Act of kicking. Impetus-Reaction. 
cal'-cu-late. To compute, to reckon. Investigation- 
Answer, Numbering, Purpose-Luck; calculated 
upon, Faith-Misgiving. 
cal'-cu-la"-ted. Computed. Inclination, Predeter- 
cal'-cu-la"-ting. Computing; forecasting. Expecta- 
tion-Surprise, Investigation-Answer, Reckless- 
ness-Caution; calculating machine, Numbering. 

cal'-cu-la"-tion. Computation; a forecast. Expecta- 
tion-Surprise, Investigation-Answer, Number- 
ing, Purpose-Luck, Recklessness-Caution. 
cal'-cu-la"-tor. One, or a machine, that calculates. 

cal'-cu-lus. Calculation by algebraic symbols. Num- 
bering; calculus of differences, Numbering. 
cal'-dron. A boiling pot. Contents-Receiver, Con- 
version-Reversion, Oven-Refrigerator, Work- 
caleche [F.] (ca-lesh'). Barouche. Conveyance-Ves- 
cal"-e-fac'-tion. A heating. Heating-Cooling. 
calembour [F.] (ca-lam-bur'). A pun. Ambiguity. 
cal'-en-dar. A table of lengths of time. Astronomy, 
Chronology-Anachronism, Mark-Obliteration, 
calendas Grcecas [L.] (cal-en'-das gri'-cas). At the 

Greek calends. Duration-Neverness. 
cal'-en-der. A smoothing machine. Smoothness- 
cal'-en-ture. A tropical fever. Fancy, Health-Sick- 
ness. Saneness-Lunacy. 
calf. The young of cattle. Fauna-Flora, Infant- 
Veteran, Sage-Fool; golden calf, Devotion-Idola- 
try, Revelation-Pseudorevelation. 
Cal'-i-ban. A monster. [The Tempest.] Beauty- 
cal'-i-ber. Internal diameter of; degree of mental 
power. Aperture-Closure, Breadth-Narrow- 
ness, Quantity-Measure, Remoteness-Nearness, 
Sagacity- Incapacity. 
cal'-i-co. Cotton dress goods. Dress-Undress, Ma- 
ca-lid'-i-ty. Heat. Heat-Cold. 
ca'-lif. Caliph. Chief-Underling. 
cal'-if-ate. The office of calif. Rule-License. 
cal-i-ga'-tion. Darkness. Light-Darkness. 
ca-lig'-i-nous. Dark. Light-Darkness. 
cal'-i-pers. An instrument like the compass for meas- 
uring diameters. Instrument, Mensuration. 
ca'-liph. A title of the successors of Mohammed. 

cal"-is-then'-ics. Art of exercise. Beauty-Ugliness, 

Education-Mi ste aching. 
cal'-i-ver. A 16th century hand gun. Weapon. 
calk. To make tight with oakum. Renovation- 
call. To summon; to be called divinely; a visit. 
Church, Divinity, Duty-Dereliction, Innocence- 
Guilt, Management, Motive-Caprice, Name-Mis- 
nomer, Order, Sign, Sociability-Privacy; at one's 
call, Activity-Inactivity, Insubordination-Obe- 
dience; call attention to, Heed-Disregard, Sign; 
call for, Need, Order, Petition-Expostulation; 
call forth, Excitation, Use-Disuse; call in, Advice; 
call in question, Assertion-Denial, Faith-Misgiv- 
ing; call into being, Creation-Destruction; call 
into notice, Manifestation-Latency; call into play, 
Use-Misuse; call names, Adulation-Disparage- 
ment, Regard-Disrespect; call of duty, Duty- 
Dereliction; call off the attention, Heed-Disre- 
gard; call out, Cry-Ululation, Defiance; call over, 
Numbering; call to, Address-Response; call to 
account, Approval-Disapproval, Duty-Derelic- 
tion; call to mind, Remembrance-Forgetfl'lness , 
call to order, Order, President-Member; call to the 
bar, Advocate ; call to the ministry, Minister-Laity ; 
call to witness, Evidence-Counterevidence; call 
up, Excitation, Motive-Caprice, Remembrance- 
Forgetfulness; call up from the vasty deep, Devo- 
tion-Magic; call upon, Advice, Dueness-Undue- 
ness. Duty-Dereliction, Motive-Caprice, Order, 
Petition - Expostulation, Sociability' - Privacy; 




call up spirits, Devotion-Magic; within call, Re- 

cal'-lant. A lad. Infant-Veteran. 

call'-boy". A boy giving a summons. Acting. 

called, so. Called as stated. Name-Misnomer, Truth- 

call'-er. One who pays a short visit to a person. Ar- 

cal"-les-thet'-ics. Science of the beautiful. Beauty- 

cal-lid'-i-ty. Shrewdness. Skill-Unskilfulness. 

cal-lig'-ra-phy. Beautiful writing. Writing-Printing. 

call'-ing. Occupation. Duty-Dereliction, Occupa- 

Cal-li'-c-pe. A muse. Poetry-Prose. 

cal"-lis-then'-ics. Light gymnastics to promote grace. 

cal'-li-thump". A noisy parade or serenade. Turbu- 

cal-los'-i-ty. Hardened skin. Hardness-Softness. 

cal'-lous. Unfeeling; hardened. Feeling-Insensi- 
bility, Sensitiveness-Apathy. 

cal'-lous-ness. State of being callous. Sensitive- 

c d'-low. Bare; youthful. Dress-Undress, Infancy- 
Age, Infant-Veteran. 

calm. Absence of emotion; of hurry; of turmoil. 
Erectness- Flatness, Excitability-Inexcitabil- 
ity, Hurry-Leisure, Motive-Dehortation, Move- 
ment-Rest, Strife-Peace, Turbulence-Calmness; 
calm before a storm, Conversion-Reversion; calm 
belief, Faith-Misgiving. 

calm'-ness. State of being calm. Sensitiveness- 
Apathy.'-o-mel. Chlorid of mercury. Chemistry. 

c il"-o-res'-cence . The production of bright heat-rays 
from obscure ones. Heating-Cooling, Redness- 

ca-lor'-ic. Pertaining to heat. Heat-Cold. 

cal"-o-rif'-ic. Pertaining to heat. Heat-Cold. 

cal"-o-rim'-e-ter. A measurer of heat. Thermometer. 

calotte [F.] (cu-lot')- A skullcap worn by Catholic 
clergy. Vestments. 

c !'-o-type. A method of taking photographic pic- 
ture:;. Painting. 

( 'l'-o-yer. A monk. Ministry-Laity. 

l < '. '-u-met . An Indian tobacco-pipe. Sign; calumet 
of peace, Fighting-Conciliation, Strife-Peace; 
calumet of war, Fighting-Conciliation. 

c ;-lum'-ni-ate. Defame. Adulation-Disparagement. 

c^-lum"-ni-a'-tor. One who slanders. Flatterer- 

ca-lum'-ni-a-to-ry. Slanderous. Adulation-Dispar- 

ca-lum'-ni-ous. Slanderous. Adulation-Disparage- 

cal'-um-ny. False report. Adulation-Disparage- 

Cal'-va-ry. Place of Christ's crucifixion. Fane. 

Cal'-vin-ism. System taught by Calvin. Orthodoxy- 

Cal'-vin-ist. Follower of Calvin. Orthodoxy-Het- 

ca'-lyx. The outmost series of leaves of a flower. Con- 

cam. A rotating piece. Instrument. 

, imarade [F.] (ca-ma-rctd') . Comrade. Friend-Foe. 

cumarilla [Sp.] (ca-mar-il'-lya) . A body of secret ad- 
visers. Association. 

camarista [Sp.] (ca-mar-is'-ta). A maid of honor. 
Chief- Underling. 

cambio non e jurto [It.] (cam'-bi-o non e fur'-to). Ex- 
change is no robbery. Exchange. 

cam'-bist. One who deals in exchange bills. Dealer- 

cam-boose'. Same as caboose. Oven-Refrigerator. 

Cam'-bri-an pe'-ri-od. Portion of geological history. 

cam'-bric. A white cotton or linen fabric. Dress- 
Undress, Materials. 

cam'-el. A ruminant of Asia and Africa. Conveyer; 
swallow a camel, Bigotry-Apostasy, Skill-Un- 


cam'-e-o. A small convex stone carved in relief. Con- 
vexity-Concavity, Sculpture. 

camera lucida [L.] (cam'-er-a lu'-si-da). An optical in- 
strument. Optical Instruments. 

camera obscura [L.] (cam'-er-a ob-sciu'-ra) . An opti- 
cal instrument. Optical Instruments. 

cam'-e-ra-ted. Arched over. Contents-Receiver. 

Camilla [L.] (ca-mil'-la). A swift-footed servant of 
Diana. Swiftness-Slowness. 

camisadc [F.] (ca-mi-zad') . A night attack ; also a shirt 
worn by soldiers to distinguish comrades in the night- 
time. Attack-Defense. 

camisole [F.] (ca-mi-zol') . A short nightshirt. Dress- 

camorra [Sp.] (ca-mor'-ra) . A quarrel. Association. 

camp. Quarters of a soldiery; a seat of action. Dwel- 
ler-Habitation, Establishment-Removal, Lists. 

campagna [It.] (cam-pa'-nya) . Place; country. Ex- 
tension-Inextension, Gulf-Plain. 

cam-paign'. Organized action; a series of military 
operations. Conduct, Fighting-Conciliation, 

cam-paign'-er. One who serves in a campaign. Bel- 

cam-paign'-ing. Conducting a campaign. Fighting- 
Conciliation, Traveling-Navigation. 

cam-pan '-i-form. Bell-shaped. Convexity-Concav- 
ity, Roundness. 

cam"-pa-ni'-le. A bell-tower. Hejght-Lowness. 

cam"-pa-niI'-i-form. Shaped like a campanile. Round- 

cam-pan'-u-la"-ted. Bell-shaped. Roundness. 

cam-pes'-tri-an. Pertaining to open fields. Gulf- 

cam'-phor. The solidified sap of an East Indian tree. 
Pulpiness- Rosin. 

cam'-pus. The grounds of a college. Erectness- 
Flatness, Gulf-Plain. 

Campus Martins [L.] (cam'-pus mar'-shi-us) . Place of 
assembly of Romans. Lists. 

can. To put up for conservation ; a vessel; to be able. 
Conservation, Contents-Receiver, Might-Impo- 
tence; best one can, Toil-Relaxation. 

ca"-naille'. Rabble. Gentility-Commonalty. 

ca-nal'. An artificial waterway. Aperture-Closure, 
Watercourse-Airpipe, Way. 

can"-a-lic'-u-la-ted. Grooved. Groove. 

ca-nard'. A newspaper hoax. Gull-Deceiver, Tid- 

ca-na'-ry. A singing bird. Fauna-Flora. 

can'-can. An indecorous dance. Conversation- 
Monologue, Entertainment- Weariness. 

can'-cel. To mark out. Commission-Abrogation, 
Mark - Obliteration, Observance - Nonobserv- 

can'-cel-la"-ted. Latticed-like. Crossing. 

can-cel'-li. A lattice-work. Contents-Receiver. 

can'-cer. A malignant growth; a constellation. Astron- 
omy, Health-Sickness. Pleasurableness-Pain- 
fulness, Remedy-Bane. 

can"-de-la'-brum. A candlestick. Luminary-Shade. 

can'-dent. Heated to whiteness. Heating-Cooling. 

can'-did. Sincere in speech or spirit; white. Craft- 




Artlessness, Truthfulness-Falsehood, Uprigh r- 


can'-di-date. One who desires or is nominated to an 
office. Desire-Distaste, Petitioner. 

can'-di-da-ture. The state of being a candidate. 

can'-died. Hardened. Sweetness-Acidity. 

can'-dle. A light-giving cylinder of fat. Combustible, 
Luminary-Shade; bargain by inch of candle, Con- 
tract; burn candle at both ends, Extravagan 
Avarice, Toil-Relaxation; candle-ends, Gener- 
osity-Frugality, Increment-Remnant; candle- 
holder, Antagonist-Assistant; candle-light, Dim- 
ness; candlestick, Luminary-Shade; hold candle to 
the sun, Usefulness-Uselessness; not fit to hold 
a candle to, Supremacy-Subordinacy. 

can'-dor. Openness; impartiality. Craft-Artless- 
ness, Truthfulness-Falsehuud, Uprightness- 


can'-dy. Thickened sugar. Solidity-Rarity. 

cane. A walking-stick. Recompense-Punishment, 
Recompense-Scourge, Weapon. 

ca-nes'-cent. Becoming white. Whiteness-Black- 

can timidi vehementius latrant quant mordent [L ] 
(ke-niz tim'-i-dai vi-hl-men'-shi-vs le'-trant quam 
mor'-dent). Cowardly dogs bark more fiercely than 
they bite. Bravery-Cowardice, Brawler. 

can'-hook". An instrument used for slinging barrels. 

Ca-nic'-u-la. The star Sirius. Luminary-Shade. 

ca-nic'-u-lar. Relating to Sirius. Heat-Cold. 

ca-nine'. Related to dogs. Fauna-Flora; canine 
appetite, Desire-Distaste. 

canis in prcesepi [L.] (ke'-nis in pri-si'-pai) . Dog in 
the manger. Unselfishness-Selfishness. 

can'-is-ter. A metal box. Contents-Receiver. 

can'-ker. Any ulcerous sore. Betterment-De- 
terioration, Contentedness-Discontentment, 
Health-Sickness, Remedy-Bane. 

can'-kered. Infected with canker. Betterment- 
Deterioration, Favorite-Moroseness, Health- 

can'-ker-worm. A destructive worm. Benefactor- 
Evildoer, Maker-Destroyer, Pleasurableness- 
Painfulness, Remedy-Bane. 

can'-ni-bal. One who eats human flesh. Benefactor- 

can'-ni-bal-ism. State of being a cannibal. Virtue- 

can'-non. A weapon of war. Impetus-Reaction. 
Lists, Loudness-Faintness; cannon's mouth, 
Bravery-Cowardice, Fighting-Conciliation. 

can"-non-ade'. Continued firing of the cannon. 
Attack- Defense. 

can'-non-ball." A ball shot from a cannon. Swiftness- 

can"-non-eer'. A gunner. Belligerent. 

can'-nu-lar. Tubular. Aperture-Closure. 

can'-ny. Shrewd. Craft-Artlessness, Sagacity- 

ca-noe'. A small boat. Conveyance-Vessel; paddle 
your own canoe, Liberty-Subjection. 

can'-on. (i) Rules of a religious order; gorge; a mem 
ber of a cathedral. Ceremonial, Faith-Misgiving, 
Interspace-Contact, Law-Lawlessness, Minis- 
ter-Laity, Music, Precept. 

can'-on. (2) The inspired books of the Bible. Ortho- 
ca-non'-ic-al. Pertaining to the canon. Church, 
Conventionality-Unconventionality, Revela- 

ca-non'-ic-als. Robes pn 1 1 bed i on. Dress- 

Undress, Vestments. 

ca-non'-i-cate. Office of a canon. Chuj 

can'-on-ist. One skill< <\ in canon law. Orthi doxy- 
Heterodoxy, Theology. 

can"-on-i-za'-tion. A recognizing as pai I inons; 

a regarding as a saint. Ceremonial. 

can'-on-ize. To regard as a saint. Ceremonial, 
Devotion-Idolatry, Reputation-Discredit. 

can'-on law. Devotion-Idolatry, Law-Lawlessness. 

can'-on-ry. The office of a canon. Church. 

'an'-o-py. A suspended covering. Architei 
Cover-Lining; the canopy of heaven, Universe. 

canoree nugm [L.j (can-o'-ri niu'-ji). Melodious I ■ 

ca-no'-rous. Melodious. Melody-Dissona' 

cant. Pietistic talk ; an inclination ; any technical 
phraseology. Godliness-Ungodliness, Impetus- ■ 
Reaction, Name-Misnomer, Parallelism-Inclina- 
tion, Truthfulness-Falsehood, Word-Neology. 

can-tan '-ker-ous. Given to wrangling. Favorite- 
Moroseness, Favorite-Quarrelsomeness. 

can-ta'-ta. A choral composition. Music; missa can- 
tata, Ceremonial. 

can"-ta tri'-ce A female singer. Musician. 

can-teen', A soldier's flask; a sutler's shop. Contents- 
Receiver, Dweller-Habitation. 

can'-ter To cause to move in a canter. Swiftness- 
Slowness, Traveling-Navigation; win at a canter, 

can'-ter-bur-y. A music stand. Contents-Receiver. 

Can'-ter-bur-y tale. One of the tales of Chaucer, 

can-thar'-i-des. The Spanish fly. Vigor-Inertia. 

can'-thus. Corner of the eye. Anatomy. 

can'-ti-cle. A non-metrical hymn. Music 

cant'-ing. Speaking affectedly. Godliness-Ungodli- 
ness, Truthfulness-Falsehood. 

can'-tle. A piece broken off. Whole-Part. 

cant'-let. A small piece. Magnitude-Smallness, 

can'-to. A part of a large poem. Poetry-Prose. 

can'-ton. A district. Extension-District. 

can'-ton-ment. A camp for troops. Dweller-Habi- 
tation, Establishment-Removal. 

can'-trap, A charm. Devotion-Charm. 

can'-ty. Cheerful. Lightheartedness-Dejection. 

can'-vas. A cloth for paintings; heavy cloth used for 
sails. Painting, Traveling-Navigation; under 
press of canvas, Swiftness-Slowness. 

can'-vass. Act of soliciting; examination. Essay, 
Investigation-Answer, Petition-Expostulath in, 

can'-vass-er. One who canvasses. Petitioner. 

can"-zo-net\ A short song. Music. Poetry-Prose 

caout'-chouc. India-rubber. Elasticity-Inelastic- 

cap. To complete; a covering; a hat; to tip; to sal it< , 
to excel. Completion-Noncompletion. Cover- 
Lining, Dress-Undress, Height-Lowness, Polite- 
ness-Impoliteness, Reprisal-Resistance, Suprem- 
acy-Subordinacy; cap and bells, Wag; cap fits, 
Harmony-Discord; cap in hand, Petition-Expos- 
tulation, Presumption-Obsequiousness, Regard- 
Disrespect; cap of maintenance, Scepter; fling up 
one's cap, Jubilation-Lamentation; Fortunatus's 
cap, Devotion-Charm; set one's cap, Blandish- 
ment, Love-Hate, Predecessor-Continuation. 

ca"-pa-bil'-i-ty. Power of performing. Difficulty- 
Facility, Dominance-Impotence, Might-Impo- 
tence, Skill-Unskilfulness, Subjectiveness-Ob- 




ca'-pa-ble. Having ability. Might-Impotence, Skill- 

ca-pa'-cious. Able to receive. Extension-Inexten- 
sion, Greatness-Littleness; capacious memory, 
ca-pac'-i-ty. Power to receive. Greatness-Little- 
ness, Might-Impotence, Mind-Imbecility, Occu- 
pation, Sagacity-Incapacity, Skill-Unskilful- 
ness, Subjectiveness-Objectiveness. 
cap and bells, wear'-er of. Fool. Wag. 
cap-a-pie. From head to foot. Entirety-Deficiency; 
armed cap-a-pie, Attack-Defense, Fighting-Con- 
ciliation, Preparation-Nonpreparation. 

ca-par'-i-son. Decorative trappings. Dress-Undress. 

cape. A sleeveless garment or cloak; a headland. 
Convexity-Concavity, Dress-Undress, Height- 

capella, alia [It.] (ca-pel'-la, al'-la). Church music. 

ca'-per. Frolicsomeness. Jubilation-Lamentation, 

cap'-ful. Hatful. Magnitude-Smallness, Quantity- 
Measure; capful of wind, River-Wind. 

ca-pil'-la-ment. A hairy covering. Lamina-Fiber. 

cap'-il-la-ry. Hairlike. Lamina-Fiber. 

ca-pil'-li-form. Formed like a hair. Lamina-Fiber. 

cap'-i-tal. Resources; a city; a large letter; upper part 
of a column. Affluence-Penury, Architecture, 
City -Country, Dweller -Habitation, Conse- 
quence-Insignificance, Goodness-Badness, La- 
bor-Capital, Letter, Money, Top-Bottom; capital 
punishment, Exculpation-Conviction; make capi- 
tal out of, Betterment-Deterioration, Gain-Loss, 
Pretext; print in capitals, Consequence-Insig- 

cap'-i-tal-ist. An owner of capital. Affluence- 
Penury, Labor-Capital. 

cap'-i-tals. Large letters. Letter, Writing-Printing. 

cap"-i-ta'-tion. Individual assessment. Numbering. 

cap'-i-tol. Any state house. Attack-Defense. 

ca-uit'-u-lar. Relating to an ecclesiastical chapter. 
Church, Ministry-Laity. 

ca-pit'-u-late. To make terms. Yielding. 

ca-pit"-u-la'-tion. Surrender. Yielding. 

cap'-no-man"-cy. Divination by smoke. Prophecy. 

ca-poch'. A monk's hood. Vestments. 

ca'-pon. A gelded cock. Male-Female. 

ca"-pote'. A hooded cloak. Dress-Undress. 

cap'-ping. Saluting. Politeness-Impoliteness. 

capriccio [It.] (ca-prit'-cho) . A fantastic piece of 
music. Music, Persistence-Whim. 

ca-price'. Any sudden change of mood. Persistence- 
Whim; out of caprice, Motive-Caprice. 

ca-pri'-cious. Whimsical. Determination-Vacilla- 
tion, Mutability-Stability, Periodicity-Irregu- 
larity, Persistence-Whim. 

ca-pri'-cious-ness . State of being capricious. Per- 

Cap'-ri-corn. Constellation. Astronomy. 

cap'-ri-ole. An upward leap by a trained horse. 

cap-size'. To upset. Reversal, Success-Failure. 

cap-sized'. Upset. Success-Failure. 

cap'-stan. A ship apparatus. Elevation-Depres- 
sion, Instrument. 

cap'-su-lar. Pertaining to a capsule. Contents- 
Receiver, Convexity-Concavity. 

cap'-sule. A shallow dish; a seed vessel. Contents- 
Receiver, Covering-Lining. 

cap'-tain. A chief or head. Chief-Underling, Man- 
ager, Supremacy-Subordinacy. 

captandum, ad [L] (cap-tan'-dum, ad). To attract. 
Adulation - Disparagement, Affectation, Rati- 

captandum vulgits, ad [L.] (cap-tan'-dum vul'-gus, ad). 
For attracting the rabble. Pomp. 

cap-ta'-tion. An attraction. Adulation-Disparage- 

cap'-tion. The taking of a person. Taking-Resti- 

cap'-tious. Apt to find fault. Approval-Disap- 
proval, Favorite-Quarrelsomeness, Persist- 

cap'-tious-ness. Troublesomeness. Politeness-Im- 

cap'-ti-vate. To engage the affections. Keeping- 
Relinquishment, Love-Hate, Motive-Dehorta- 
tion, Pleasurableness-Painfulness, Release- 

cap'-ti-va"-ted. Charmed. Pleasure-Pain. 

cap'-ti-va"-ting. Fascinating. Love-Hate, Pleas- 

cap'-tive. Taken prisoner; enthralled by passion. 
Guard-Prisoner, Love-Hate; lead captive, Lib- 
erty-Subjection; make captive, Release-Re- 

cap-tiv'-i-ty. State of being captive. Release-Re- 

cap'-tor. One who captures. Taking-Restitution. 

cap'-ture. The act of capturing. Taking-Restitution. 

Cap"-u-chin'. A Franciscan friar. Minister-Laity. 

caput [L.] (ke'-put). Head. Council. 

caput mortuum [L.] (ke'-put mor'-tiu-um). A dead 
body. Cleanness-Filthiness, Usefulness-Use- 

caquct [F.] (ca-ke'). Idle talk. Talkativeness- 

car. A railroad vehicle. Conveyance-Vessel. 

car"-a-bi-neer'. Carbineer. Belligerent. 

car'-ack. A Portuguese merchantman. Conveyance- 

car'-a-cole. A sudden half-turn. Spring-Dive. 

car'-a-co"-ler. One who makes caracoles. Traveling- 

carafjc [F] (ca-raf). A glass water-bottle. Contents- 

carambole [F.] (ea-ran-bol'). Impact of a cue-ball. 

car'-a-mel. A kind of sweet candy. Sweetness- 

car'-a-pace. Hard case of animals. Attack-Defense 

car'-at. A twenty-fourth part. Heaviness-Light- 

car'-a-van. A camel train; a company. Conveyance- 
Vessel, Traveling-Navigation. 

car"-a-van'-sa-ry. An inn for caravans. Dweller- 

car'-a-vel. A fast galley. Conveyance-Vessel. 

car'-bine. A short rifle. Weapon. 

car"-bo-hy'-drate. A class of chemicals. Chemistry. 

car'-bon. A non-metallic element. Chemistry, Com- 
bustible, Heating-Cooling. 

car-bo- na'-ceous. Pertaining to carbon. Combusti- 

Car"-bo-na'-ro. A member of a secret society of Na- 
ples. Insubordination-Obedience. 

car'-bon-ate. Salt of carbonic acid. Chemistry. 

car"-bon-if'-er-ous pe'-ri-od. Period in geological his- 
tory. Geology. 

car'-bon-i-za"-tion. The act of carbonizing. Heat- 

car'-boy. A large glass bottle. Contents-Receiver. 

car'-bun"-cle. A brilliant, red gem; a boil. Convex- 
ity-Concavity, Embellishment-Disfigurement, 
Health-Sickness, Redness-Greenness. 

car'-ca-net. An ornamental collar. Embellishment- 




car'-cass. A dead body; a bomb. Life-Corpse, 
Texture, Weapon. 

car'-cel-age. Prison-fees. Recompense-Penalty. 

car"-ci-no'-ma. A cancer. Health-Sickness. 

card. A piece of pasteboard. Design, Organization- 
Disorganization, Sign; address cards, Sign; by 
the cards, Conventionality-Unconventionality; 
cards to play, Means; great cards, Reputation-Dis- 
credit; house of cards, Toughness-Brittleness; 
leave a card, Sociability-Privacy; on the cards, 
Occurrence- Destiny, Possibility-Impossibility. 
Vigor-Inertia; play one's best card, Toil-Relax- 
ation; play one's cards, Conduct; play one's cards 
well, Skill-Unskilfulness; shuffle the cards, Be- 
ginning-End, Mutation- Permanence, Prepara- 
tion-Nonpreparation, Purpose-Luck; speak by 
the card, Carefulness-Carelessness, Phrase, 
Truthfulness-Falsehood; throw up the cards, 
Commission- Retirement; ticklish cards, Diffi- 
culty-Facility; trump card, Consequence-Insig- 
nificance, Design, Success-Failure. 

card'-case". A case for holding cards. Contents- 

car'-di-ac. Relating to the heart. Lighthearted- 

car-di'-ac-al. Pertaining to the heart. Lighthi \ i-- 
edness- Dejection. 

car'-di-nal. A church dignitary; a short, hooded 
cloak. Church, Consequence-Insignificance, 
Dress-Undress, Goodness-Badness, ' Ministry- 
Laity; cardinal point, Consequence-Insignifi- 
cance; cardinal points, Aim-Aberration; cardinal 
virtues, Virtue-Vice. 

car'-di-nal-ate. Office of a cardinal. Revelation- 

car'-di-nal-ship. Office of a cardinal. Revelation- 

car'-di-o-graph. An instrument for tracing the force of 
the action of the heart. Instrument. 

car'-di-oid. A heart-shaped curve. Curvation-Rec- 

cards. A game. Entertainment-Weariness. 

card'-sharp"-er. A cheat. Theft. 

card'-sharp"-ing. Cheating. Truthfulness-Fraud. 

care. Caution; watchfulness; anxiety; ground of care; 
solicitude. Carefulness-Carelessness, Gener- 
osity - Frugality, Occupation, Pleasurable- 
ness-Painfulness, Pleasure-Pain, Release-Re- 
straint, Sanguineness-Timidity, Welfare-Mis- 
fortune; begone dull care, Ligiitheartedness- 
Dejection ; care for, Consequence-Insignificance, 
Conservation, Desire-Distaste, Love-Hate; 
drive care away, Entertainment-Weariness; for 
aught one cares, Consequence-Insignificance, 
Desire-Distaste; have the care of, Management; 
take care, Carefulness-Carelessness, Reckless- 
ness-Caution; take care of, Carefulness-Care- 

ca-reen'. To incline; to lean over to repair. Paral- 
lelism-Inclination, Renovation-Relapse. 

ca-reer'. Procedure; course. Conduct. Occupation. 

care'-ful. Attentive. Carefulness-Carelessness, 

care'-ful-ly. With care. Carefulness-Carelessness. 

care'-ful-ness. An exercise of care. Carefulness- 


Accuracy, etc. See Truth. 

Alertness, etc. See Activity 

Attention, etc. See Attention. 

Attention to detail. Carefulness in small matters. 

Care. Solicitous watchfulness. 

Circumspection, etc. See Recklessness-Caution. 

Eyes of Argus. (Fig.) Keenness of sight. [He had a hundred eyes, 

(Greek) transferred by Juno to the peacock's tail. Spenser. Fairy 

Queen, I, iv, 17.] 
Forethought. See Prevision. 
Heed. Serious regard. 
Heedfulness, etc. See Adjectives. 
L'ocil du maitre [F.]. The eye of the master. 
Lookout. An attentive watchfulness for some object or event. 
Minuteness. Great exactness. 
Precaution, etc. See Preparation. 
Prudence, etc. See Recklessness-Caution. 
Scruple, etc. See Uprightness. 
Solicitude. Anxiety of the mind. 
Surveillance. Watchful inspection. 
Tidiness. See Cleanness, Regularity. 
Vigil. Watchful care. 
Vigilance. Guarding against danger. 
Watch. Close and constant attention. 

Watch and ward. Continuous vigil for the purpose of guarding. 
Watchfulness, etc. See Adjectives. 

Carefulness — Verbs. 

Protect, etc. See Security. 

Reck. To consider thoughtfully. 

Watch. To guard with care and attention. 

Carefulness — Verbal Expressions. 

Be careful, etc. (see Adjectives): be heedful (see Adjectives); do 
one's best; have all one's eyes about one, to be extremely watchful; 
have all one's wits about one; have the eyes open, to be on the 
lookout; keep a good lookout; keep an eye upon; keep a sharp eye 
upon; keep a sharp lookout; keep in mind; keep in one's business; 
keep in sight; keep in view; keep one's eyes open; keep watch, 
to be on guard; keep watch and ward, to keep continuous vigil; 

Carelessness, etc. See Adjectives. 

Default. A failure to perform a duty. 

Heedlessness, etc. See Adjectives. 

Improvidence, etc. See Preparation-N'onpreparation. 

Imprudence. Lack of ordinary caution. 

Inattention, etc. See Heed-Disrehard. 

Inexactness, etc. See Truth-Error. 

Insouciant. Careless unconcern. 

Laches. Neglect to do at the proper ti 

Neglect. Leaving a duty undone. 

Negligence. Habitual non-performance of duty. 

Noncltalance [F.J. Heedlessness. See Sensitiveness-Apathy. 

Non-completion, etc. See Completion-Noncompletion. 

Omission. Something left undone. 

Paraleipsis. A pretended omission in speaking. 

Recklessness, etc. See Recklessness. 

Slovenliness. See Filthiness, Irregularity. 

Supineness, etc. See Activity-Indolence. 

Trifling. Frivolity. 

Carelessness — Nouns of Agent. 

Trifler. One careless of his responsibilities. 

Waiter on Providence. One who shirks his responsibilities, trusting 
in luck or fate to meet them for him. 

Carelessness — Vtrbs. 

Blink. To dodge one's duty. 

Cut. To ignore intentionally. 

Disregard. To pass unnoticed. 

Effleurer [F.J. To graze; touch slightly. 

Forget, etc. See Remembrance-Forgetfulness. 

Fribble. To treat in a trifling manner. 

Ignore. To consider unworthy of attention. 

Jump. To pass over. 

Miss. To pass by. 

Omit. To fail to treat or observe. 

Overlook. To fail to notice. 

Pretermit. To fail to give heed to. 

Scamp. To do in a half-hearted, stinted manner. 

Shelve. To put away undone. 

Sink. To keep out of sight. 

Skim. To regard superficially. 




CAREFULNESS— Verbal Expressions —Continued. 

-CARELESSNESS— Continued. 


Verbs — Continued. 


look about one; look after, to take solicitous interest in; 
sharp; look to; look well with one's eyes, to see lor one's ownself; 
mind one's business; mind one's P's and Q's, to be exact and 
careful; mount guard, to enter upon guard-duty; pay attention 
to, etc. (see Heed) ; pick one's steps, to act with caution ; see after; 
see to, to give close attention to; set watch, to station a guard; 
sleep with one eye open, to sleep in anticipation of danger; speak 
by the card, to speak from sure knowledge; take care, etc. (see 
Recklessness-Caution); take care of, to give oversight and 
protection to; take precaution, etc. (see Preparation); watch 
for, etc. (see Expectation). 

Carefulness — Adjectives. 

Accurate, etc. See Truth. 

Alert, etc. See Activity. 

Argus-eyed. Sharp-sighted. See above- 

Awake. Not asleep. 

Broad awake. Fully roused from slumber. 

Careful. Cautious and prudent. 

Cavendo tutus [L.]. Safe by taking heed. See Security. 

Considerate. Thoughtful and forbearing. 

Guarded. Cautious. 

Heedful. Regardful of advice and appearances. 

Painstaking. Giving careful and scrupulous attention. 

Particular. Careful of details. 

Provident, etc. See Preparation. 

Prudent, etc. See Recklessness-Caution. 

Regardful. Closely attentive. 

Scrupulous. Cautious from conscientious motives. 

Sure-footed. Not liable to stumble. 

Thoughtful, etc. See Reflection. 

Tidy, etc. See Cleanness, Regularity. 

Vigilant. Thoughtfully watchful. 

Wakeful. Active. 

Watchful. Full of caution. 

Wide-awake, etc. See Sagacity. 

Wistful. Contemplative. 

Skip. To pass over unnoticed. 
Slight. To neglect or pass by. 
Slur. To pass over triflingly. 
Trifle. To treat as unimportant. 

Carelessness — Verbal Expressions. 

Carefulness — Adjective Expressions. 

On one's guard, prepared for emergencies; on the alert, active 
the lookout, watchful; on the qui vive, expectant; on 
watch, on guard; on the watch for; taking care, taking heed, 
(see Verbs). 

Carefulness — Adverbs. 

Carefully, etc. See Adjectives. 
Gingerly. Cautiously, trippingly. 
Thoughtfully, etc. See Adjectives. 
With care. 

Carefulness — Phrases, 
agua que no veas [Sp.J. Look at the water before 

Ni bebas 

Quis custodiet ipsos custodest [L.]. Who will guard the guards 


CARELESSNESS— Adjectives— Continued from Column 2. 

Unwary. Careless. 



Carelessness — A djective Expressions. 
Buried in a napkin, laid aside; unused [Bible, Luke xix, 20 

Not on the watch. 
Not considered carefully. 

under a bushel, screened [Bible, Matthew v, is]; off one's guard, 
unprepared; unattended to; uncared for; unthought of. 

Carelessness — Adverbs. 

Anyhow. In a haphazard manner. 
Negligently, etc. See Adjectives. 

Carelessness — Adverbial Expressions. 
Hand over head; in an unguarded moment, etc (see Expectation- 
Surprise); per incuriam [L.j. through carelessness. 
Carelessness — Interjections. 

Let it pass. Give it not attenti< in 
Never mind. Don't give it a thought. 
No matter. It is of little consequence 

Be caught napping; be negligent, etc. (see Adjectives); cast aside, 
to reject; connive at, to voluntarily fail to discover a wrong; do 
by halves, to do only half well; give the go-by to, to shun; gloss 
over, to hide the defects of; jump over; keep out of sight; lay 
aside, to abandon; leave a loose thread, to leave in a slack con- 
dition ; leave out of one's calculation, not to take into consideration ; 
leave out of sight, to leave undisclosed; let go, to desert; let pass, 
to pass unheeded ; let slip, to lose by negligence ; let the grass grow 
under one's feet, to remain idle; lose sight of, to miss; miss, to 
fail in an attempt; neglect, to fail to treat properly, or to leave 
undone; not attend to, etc. (see Heed); not mind, to give no 
thought to; not trouble oneself about; not trouble oneself with; not 
trouble one's head about; not trouble one's head with; pass by, 
to leave untreated ; pass over, to leave unnoticed ; pay no regard 
to; play with, to treat in a light, frivolous manner; push aside, to 
reject; put aside; put off one's guard, to deceive one by apparent 
neglect in competition, etc.; refuse to hear; render neglectful, etc. 
(see Adjectives); set aside, to leave unconsidered; shut one's eyes 
to, to ignore; skim the surface; skip over; slight (see Regard- 
Scorn); slipover; slur over; take a cursory view of (see Heed) : 
take no account of, to attach no importance to; take no care of, 
to neglect totally; take no note of; take no notice of; take no 
thought of; throw into the background, to abandon as unworthy 
of notice; throw off one's guard, to deceive; trifle with; turn a 
deaf ear to, to disregard ; wink at, to avoid noticing. 

Carelessness — Adjectives. 

Abandoned. Forsaken. 

Careless. Unconcerned with responsibility. 
Heedless. Inconsiderate; rash. 
Improvident, etc. See Preparation-Nonpreparation. 
Imprudent. Lacking in proper regard for consequences. 
on Inattentive, etc. See Heed-Disregard. 
thc Incircumspect. See Uncircumspect. 
etc - Inconsiderate. Disregardful. 

Inexact, etc. See Truth-Error. 

Insouciant [F.]. Heedless, etc. See Sensitiveness-Apathy . 

Neglected, etc. See Verbs. 

Neglectful. Shiftless in the performance of duty. 

Neglecting, etc. See Verbs. 

Negligent. Given to omitting duty. 

Offhand. Impromptu. 

Perfunctory. Done merely for the sake of performing a duty. 

Reckless, etc. See Recklessness. 

Remiss. Slack in duty. 

Shelved. See Verbs. 

Shunted. Turned aside. 

Slovenly, etc. See Cleanness-Filthiness, Regularity-Irkegv 


Supine, etc. See Activity-Indolence. 
Thoughtless. Characterized by want of discretion. 
Uncircumspect. Not cautious. 
Unexamined. Not investigated. 
Unexplored. Not searched through. 
Unguarded. Left without a guard. 
Unheeded. Disregarded. 

tt i-«j Without a mark. 

Not retaining in mind. 
Not wanted. 
Not recorded. 







Unnoticed. Not observed. 

Unobserved. Not perceived. 








Not discerned. 

Not cared for. 

Not observed 

Not scrutinized. 

Not explored. 

Not seen. 

Not analyzed. 

Unstudied. Natural 

{Continued on Column 1.) 




care'-less. Without care; unconcerned; easy; without 
anxiety. Carefulness-Carelessness, Desire- 
Unconcern, Force-Weakness, Heed-Disregard, 
Quest-Evasion, Unconcern. 

care'-less-ness. State of being careless. Careful- 

ca-ress'. To fondle. Blandishment. 

ca-ressed'. Fondled. Blandishment. 

ca-res'-sing. Fondling. Blandishment. 

car'-et. A sign indicating omitted words, etc. En- 
tirety-Deficiency, Excess-Lack. 

care'-worn". Burdened with care or pain. LlGHT- 
heartedn ess- Dejection, Pleasure-Pain. 

Ca'-rey's chick'-en, Moth'-er. A stormy petrel. Warn- 

car'-go. Merchandise taken on a vessel. Contents- 
Receiver, Magnitude-Smallness, Merchandise, 

car"-i-ca-tur'-a. Caricature. Delineation-Carica- 
ture, Gull-Hyperbole. 

car'-i-ca-ture . An exaggerated imitation to produce 
an absurd effect. Copy -Model, Delineation - 
Caricature, Derision, Gull - Hyperbole, Imita- 

car'-i-ca-tur-ist. Maker of caricatures. Wag. 

ca'-ri-es. Decay of a bone. Health-Sickness. 

car'-i-ole. A carriage. Conveyance-Vessel. 

ca'-ri-ous. Decayed. Cleanness-Filthiness. 

cark. To worry. Pleasure-Pain. 

cark'-ing. Causing worry. Pleasurableness-Pain- 
fulness, Pleasure-Pain. 

cark'-ing care. Wearing care. Pleasurableness- 

carle. A rustic. Gentility-Democracy. 

car'-man. A truckman. Manager. 

Car'-mel-ite. A friar of Mount Carmel. Ministry- 

car-min'-a-tive. A warming. Remedy-Bane. 

car'-mine. A reddish pigment. Redness-Green- 

car'-nage. Bloody massacre. Life-Killing. 

car'-nal. Not spiritual; relating to bodily appetites. 
Godliness - Disbelief, Moderation - Selfindul - 
gence, Purity-Impurity. 

car-nal'-i-ty. Sensuality. Moderation-Selfindul- 
gence, Purity-Impurity. 

car-na'-tion. A pink flower. Redness-Greenness. 

car'-ni-val. A gay festival. Entertainment-Weari- 

Car-niv'-o-ra. A family of mammals. Fauna-Flora. 

car-ni v'-o-rous . Eating flesh. Nutriment-Excre- 

car'-ol. A song of joy; a song. Jubilation-Lamenta- 
tion, Lightheartedness-Dejection, Music, Mi si- 


care* sposo [It.] (ca'-ro spo'-zo). Dear spouse. Love- 

ca-rou'-sal. Revelry. Entertainment-Weariness, 
Moderation-Selfindulgence, Nutriment-Excre- 

ca-rouse'. A deep draft; a feast; to drink deeply. 
mission-Expulsion, Entertainment- Wearini 
Moderation-Selfindulgence, Teetotalism - In - 

ca-rous'-er. Reveler. Teetotalism-Intemperance. 

carp at. To find fault with. Approval-Disappro- 

carpe diem [L.] (car'-pi dai'-em) . Seize the oppor- 
tunity. Activity-Indolence, Opportuneness-Un- 

car'-pen-ter. A builder with wood. Agent. 

carp'-er. One who carps. Flatterer-Defamer. 

car'-pet. A covering for floors. Top-Bottom; carpet 
knight. Moderation -Voluptuary, Presumption- 

Obsequiousness, Society-Dandy; on the carpet, 
Coni i ption-Theme, Desig 

car'-pus. The wrist. Anatomy. 

carrefour[F.] (car-fur'). Aero istreet. Way. 

car'-riage. Appearance; condui I , a vehicle. Appear- 
ance-Disappearance, Conduct, Contents-Re- 
ceiver. Conveyance-Vessel. Conveyer, Move- 
ment-Rest, Tran ,fer; keep one's carriage, Society- 

car'-ried. Propelli d. Carried away by passion, Ex- 
citation; carried by acclamation, Assent-Dissi 

car'-ri-er. One who carries. Conveyer; carrier 
pigeon, Convey e R . M i: ssengi 

car'-ri-on. Dead flesh. Cleanness-Filthine . Liii- 

car"-ro-nade'. Ashortordna Weapon. 

car'-rot-y. Reddish-yellow; edibli ble. Red- 


car'-ry. To influence; conduct: bear; transport. In- 
clination, Motive-Caprice, Si spension-Si pport, 
Transfer; carry all before one, Success-Fad 
carry a point, Success-Failure ; carry by storm, Suc- 
cess-Failure; carry coals, Selfrespe( r-HuMBLE- 
ness; carry conviction, Faith-Misgiving; carry in 
the mind, Remembrance-Forgetfulness; carry 
into execution, Completion-Noncompletion, Ob- 
servance-Nonobservance; carry matters with a 
high hand, Tyranny-Anarchy; carry off, Taking- 
Restitution, Theft; carry oneself, Conduct; carry 
out, Completion-Noncompletion, Conduct; carry 
over, Accounts, Transfer; carry through, Comple- 
tion-Noncompletion, Conduct; carry weight, Con- 
sequence-Insignificance, Dominance-Impoteni 1 . 
Evidence-Counterevidence; carry with a high 
hand, Presumption-Obsequiousness. Rule-Li- 
cense, Selfrespect-Humbleness; reap and carry, 

car'-ry-ing. Conveying. Swiftness-Slowness. 

car'-ry on. To conduct; to keep going; to act badly. 
Action-Passiveness, Conduct, Discontinuance- 
Continuance, Quest-Evasion; carry on an argu- 
ment, Ratiocination-Instinct; carry on an inquiry, 
Investigation-Answer; carry on a trade, Ex- 
change; carry on business, Occupation; carry on 
war, Fighting-Conciliation. 

cart. A heavy, two-wheeled vehicle. Convey . 
Vessel; cart away, Establishment-Removal; cart 
before the horse, Regularity-Irregularity, Re- 
versal, Skill-Unskilfulness; cart-horse, Con- 
veyer; cart-load, Contents-Receiver. Magnitude- 
Smallness; work like a cart-horsr, Toil-Relaxa- 

cart'-age. The act of carting. Transfer. 

carte [F.] (cart). A card or paper. Record; 

blanche [F.] (cart blansh), blank paper; free leave, 
Generosity-Frugality', Leave-Prohibition; carte 
de visite [F.] (cart de vi-sit'). visiting card. Sign; 
carte du pays[F.] (cart du pe-i') map of the country, 

carte and tierce. Positions in fencing. Attack-De- 

car'-tel. Written agreement between two govern- 
ments; a challenge. Contract, Defiance, Fight- 

cart'-er. A teamster. Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

cartes sur table [F.] (cart sur tabl). Acting openly. 
Manifestation-Latency, Truthfulness-False- 

Carthago, delenda est [L.] (car-th6'-go, di-len'-da i 
Carthage must be destroyed. Charitable.-. 

Car-thu'-sian. A monk. Ministry-Laity. 

car'-ti-lage. A gristle. Hardness-Softness, Solid- 
ity-Rarity, Toughness-Brittleness. 




car"-ti-lag'-i-nous. Like cartilage. Hardness-Soft- 
ness, Toughness-Brittleness. 

cart'-ing. Hauling. Transfer. 

car-tog'-ra-phy. The art of drawing charts. Delin- 

car-toon'. A design or drawing. Painting. 

car-touche'. An ornamental tablet; a cartridge box. 
Embellishment- Disfigurement, Weapon. 

car'-tridge. A charge for a firearm. Weapon. 

car'-tu-la-ry. A collection of records. Constituent- 
Alien, Mark-Obliteration. 

carve. To cut designs upon ; to cut to pieces. Assign- 
ment, Creation-Destruction, Delineation-Cari- 
cature, Form-Formlessness, Sculpture, Union- 
Disunion; carve one's way, Advance-Retrogres- 

car'-vel. A caravel. Conveyance-Vessel. 

carv'-er. One who carves. Artist. 

carv'-ing. Carved work. Sculpture. 

car"-y-at'-id . \ A column in the form of a female. 

car"-y-at'-id-es. j Suspension-Support. 

casaque, tourner [F.] (ca-sak', tur-ne'). To turn one's 
coat; change one's party. Bigotry-Apostasy, Mu- 

cas-cade'. A small waterfall. River-Wind. 

case (i). The state of things; a box; an action; a 
binding; physical condition. Conception-Theme, 
Condition-Situation, Contents-Receiver, Coun- 
cil, Cover-Lining, Enclosure, Health-Sickness, 
Manifestation-Latency, Ratiocination-Instinct; 
be the case, Entity-Nonentity, Truth-Error; case 
in point, Conventionality-Unconventionality, 
Harmony-Discord; in case, Condition-Situation, 
Hypothesis, Occurrence-Destiny; in good case, 
Health-Sickness, Welfare-Misfortune; make 
out a case, Dueness-Undueness, Evidence-Coun- 

case (2). A grammatical distinction. Noun. 

case'-hard"-en. To render insensible to outside influ- 
ences. Habit-Desuetude, Strength-Weakness. 

case'-hard"-ened. Hardened against good influences. 
Feeling-Insensibility, Persistence-Whim, Sensi- 

case'-mate. A vaulted chamber. Attack-Defense, 

ca3e'-ma"-ted. Furnished with casemates. Attack- 

case'-ment. The sash of a window. Aperture-Clo- 

ca-sern'. A barrack for soldiers. Dweller-Habita- 

cash. Current money; payment; Chinese coin. Money, 
Settlement-Default, Values; cash account, Ac- 
counts; in cash, Affluence-Penury. 

cash'-book". Book containing the cash account. 

cash-ier'. To dismiss; a custodian of money. Com- 
mission-Abrogation. Treasurer. 

cash'-keep"-er. Cashier. Treasurer. 

cash'-mere. A fine woolen dress-fabric. Dress-Un- 

ca'-sing. The framework of a window. Cover-Lin- 

ca-si'-no. A public resorting place. Association. 

cask. A barrel-shaped wooden vessel. Contents- 
Receiver, Measure. 

cas'-ket. A small box or chest. Contents-Receiver. 

casque. A helmet. Attack-Defense, Dress, Un- 

Cas-san'-dra. A Trojan prophetess. Soothsayer, 

cas-si'-no. Casino. Entertainment-Weariness. 

cas'-sock. A long clerical coat. Dress-Undress, 

cast. To throw; to form; to calculate; appearance; 
mien. Affections, Appearance-Disappearance, 
Assignment, Choice- Rejection, Color -Achro- 
matism, Copy-Model, Design, Elevation-Depres- 
sion, Exculpation-Conviction, Form-Formless- 
ness, Gathering-Scattering, Giving-Receiving, 
Inclination, Magnitude-Smallness, Push-Pull, 
Sculpture; cast about for, Trial; cast accounts, Ac- 
counts; cast adrift, Admission-Expulsion, Commis- 
sion-Abrogation, Gathering-Scattering, Re- 
lease-Restraint; cast a gloom, Lighthearted- 
ness-Dejection; cast a nativity, Devotion-Magic, 
Prophecy; cast anchor, Arrival-Departure, Move- 
ment-Rest; cast a shade, Light-Darkness; cast 
aside, Carefulness-Carelessness, Keeping-Re- 
linquishment; cast a slur, Justification-Charge, 
Reputation-Discredit; cast a spell, Devotion- 
Magic, Volition-Obligation; cast aspersions, Adu- 
lation-Disparagement; cast away, Choice-Rejec- 
tion, Keeping-Relinquishment, Provision- Waste, 
Success-Failure; cast away care, Lighthearted- 
ness-Dejection; cast behind one, Keeping-Relin- 
quishment, Proffer-Refusal, Remembrance-For- 
getfulness; cast dishonor upon, Reputation-Dis- 
credit; cast down, Elevation-Depression, Light- 
heartedness-Dejection; cast eyes on, Sight- 
Blindness; cast in a different mold, Reprisal-Re- 
sistance; cast in one's lot with, Choice-Neutrality; 
cast in the same mold, Likeness-Unlikeness; cast 
iron, Hardness-Softness; cast lots, Purpose-Luck; 
cast luster upon, Light-Darkness; cast of counte- 
nance, Appearance-Disappearante ; cast off, Com- 
mission-Abrogation, Dress-Undress, Keeping- 
Relinquishment; cast off a habit, Habit-Desue- 
tude; cast off clothes, L'sefulness-Uselessness; 
cast of the dice, Rationale-Luck; cast of the mind, 
Affections; cast one's net, Trial; cast overboard, 
Use-Misuse; cast reflection upon, Adulation-Dis- 
paragement; cast the eyes back, Future-Past; cast 
the eyes over, Heed-Disregard; cast the parts, Or- 
ganization-Disorganization; cast the skin, Dress- 
Undress; cast to the dogs, Creation-Destruction, 
Use-Disuse; cast up, Admission-Expulsion, Num- 
bering, Occurrence-Destiny; set on a cast, Pur- 

cas'-ta-net. An instrument rattled. Musical In- 

cast'-a-way. A reprobate; one wrecked. Good Man- 
Bad Man, Sociability-Privacy. 

caste. An hereditary or artificial division. Division, 
Reputation-Discredit; lose caste, Uprightness- 

cas'-tel-lan. Keeper of a castle. Chief-Underling, 

cast'-er. A cruet for condiments; a roller. Contents- 
Receiver, Revolution-Evolution. 

cas'-ti-gate. To punish sharply. Approval-Disap- 
proval, Recompense-Punition. 

cas"-ti-ga'-tion. Whipping. Approval-Disapproval, 

cas'-ti-ga"-tor. A punisher. Flatterer-Defamer. 

cast'-ing vote. Deciding vote. Decision-Misjudg- 
ment; casting weight, Compensation, Equality- 

cas'-tle. A strong fortress; a chess block; a habita- 
tion. Attack-Defense, Commutation-Permuta- 
tion, Dweller-Habitation; castle in the air, Fancy, 
Possibility - Impossibility, Sanguineness - Hope- 

Cas'-tle of In'-do-lence. A castle in the land of Drowsi- 
ness. [Thompson.] Activity-Indolence. 

cast'-ling. Abortion. Commutation-Permutation. 

cas'-tor. A beaver hat. Dress-Undress. 




Cas'-tor and Pol-lux. Twin sons of Jupiter. Duality, 

cas"-tra-me-ta'-tion. The laying out of a camp. 
Dweller-Habitation, Fighting-Conciliation. 

cas'-trate. To remove the sexual organs. Addition- 
Subtraction, Cleanness-Filthiness, Might-Im- 

cas'-u-al. Accidental. Certainty-Doubt, Ration- 

cas'-u-al-ly. Unexpectedly. Purpose-Luck, Ration- 

cas'-u-al-ty. A chance; a fatal accident. Good-Evil, 
Life-Killing, Occurrence-Destiny, Position, 
Rationale-Luck, Welfare-Misfortuxh. 

cas'-u-ist. An expert in casuistry. Ratiocination- 

cas"-u-is'-tic-al. Pertaining to casuistry. Duty- 

cas'-u-ist-ry. Sophistical reasoning. Duty-Derelic- 
tion, Ratiocination-Casuistry. 

casus belli [L.] (ke'-sus bel'-lai). Cause of war. Ex- 
citation. Favorite-Anger, Variance-Accord. 

casus foederis [L.] (ke'-sus fed'-er-is). Cause of treaty. 

cat. A domestic animal. Fauna-Flora, Recom- 
pense-Scourge, Sight-Blindness; as the cat jumps, 
Occurrence-Destiny; cat and dog life, Variance- 
Accord; catcall, Approval-Disapproval, Musical 
Instruments; cat in pattens, Conduct; cat-o'-nine- 
tails, Recompense-Scourge; cat's concert, Melody- 
Dissonance; cat's cradle, Crossing; cat's paw, An- 
tagonist-Assistant, Gull-Deceiver, Instrumen- 
tality, Use-Disuse; gib-cat, Male-Female; let cat 
out of bag, Exposure-Hidingplace; rain cats and 
dogs, River- Wind; see how the cat jumps, Bigotry- 
Apostasy, Prevision, Recklessness-Caution; tom- 
cat, Male-Female. 

cat"-a-chre'-sis. Misuse of a word; bad use of meta- 
phors. Interpret at ion-Misinterpretation, Trope. 

cat"-a-chres'-tic-al. Far-fetched. Trope. 

cat'-a-clysm. A flood. Creation-Destruction, Rev- 
olution, River-Wind. 

cat'-a-comb. An underground burial gallery. Life- 

catadupe [F.] (ca-ta-dup') . A waterfall. River- Wind. 

cat'-a-falque. A draped funeral car. Life-Funeral. 

cat"-a-lec'-tic. Lacking a syllable to complete a verse. 
Movement-Rest, Poetry-Prose. 

cat'-a-lep-sy. A sudden suspension of action. Move- 

cat'-a-logue. A list of names with method. Organ- 
ization-Disorganization, Record. 

catalogue raisonne [F.] (ca-ta-log' re-zo-ne'). List of 
books. Account. Record. 

cat-al'-y-sis . Contact-action. Composition-Resolu- 

cat"-a-ma-ran' . A vessel of logs adapted to fighting. 
Belligerent, Conveyance- Vessel. 

cat'-a-plasm. A poultice. Remedy-Bane. 

cat'-a-pult. A military engine. Push-Pull, Weapon. 

cat'-a-ract. A flood of water; an affection of the eye. 
River- Wind, Sight-Blindness, Sight-Dimsighted- 

ca-tarrh'. An affection of the nose and throat. Nu- 

cat-as'-tro-phe. Calamity. Completion-Noncomple- 
tion, Good-Evil, Welfare-Misfortune. 

cat'-call". A shrill call or whistle; an instrument for 
producing thi '• sound. Cry-Ululation, Musical 
Instruments, Variance-Accord. 

catch. To perceive clearly; to overtake; that which 
seizes; a snatch; gain; a scrap of song. Clearness- 
Obscurity, Connective, Discovery, Giving-Re- 
ceiving, Imitation-Originality, Music, Taking- 

Restitution, Truthfulness-Fraud; by catches, 
Continuity-Interruption; catch a disease, Health- 
Sickness; catch a glimpse, Sight-Blindness; catch 
a likeness, Delineation-Caricature; catch an idea, 
Sagacity-Incapacity; catch a sound, Hearing- 
Deafness; catch at, Desire-Distaste, Readiness- 
Reluctance, Taking-Restitution ; catch a Tartar, 
Gull-Deceiver, Interspace-Contact, Reprisal- 
Resistance; catch at a straw, Credulousness- 
Skepticism. Overvaluation - Undervaluation, 
Recklessness-Caution, Sangu in en ess-Hopeless- 
ness, Skill-Unskilfulness; catch by surprise, Ex- 
pectation-Surprise ; catch fire, Heating-Cooling; 
catch in a trap, Truthfulness-Fraud; catch one's 
death, Life-Death; catch the attention, Heed- 
Disregard; catch the breath, River-Wind; catch 
the ear, Hearing-Deafness; catch the eye, Visi- 
bility-Invisibility; catch the infection, Emotion, 
Excitation; catch tripping, Discovery; catch up, 
Taking-Restitution; no great catch, Faultless- 

catch'-ba'-sin. A basin for catching coarse matter 
not easily floated off in the sewer. Contents- 

catch'-drain". A drain made on a slope to catch the 
surface-water. Contents-Receiver. Watercourse- 

catch'-ing. Infectious. Healthiness-Unhealthi- 

catch'-pen"-ny. Made to sell. Consequence-Insig- 
nificance, Costliness-Cheapness, Truthfulness- 

catch'-poll". A bailif. Judicature. 

catch'-word". A popular word. Sign. 

cat"-e-chet'-i-cal. Pertaining to questions and an- 
swers. Investigation-Answer. 

cat'-e-chism. A collection of answers showing relig- 
ious truth or creed. Faith - Misgiving, Investi- 
gation-Answer; church catechism, Orthodoxy- 

cat'-e-chist. One who catechizes. Investigation- 

cat'-e-chize. To instruct in the elements of religion. 

cat"-e-chu'-men. A religious beginner. Instructor- 
Pupil, Ministry-Laity. 

cat"-e-go-re'-ma. Predicate. Division. 

cat"-e-gor'-ic-al. Absolute. Assertion-Denial, Cer- 
tainty-Doubt, Proof-Disproof. 

cat"-e-gor'-ic-al-ly true. Unconditionally true. Truth- 

cat'-e-go"-ry. Highest class to which objects of knowl- 
edge can be reduced. Condition-Situation, Divi- 
sion; in the same category, Connection-Independ- 

cat'-e-na-ry. A curve. Curvation-Rectilinearity. 

cat"-e-na'-tion. A chain-like series. Continuity-In- 

ca'-ter. To provide food for entertainments. Pro- 

ca'-ter-er. A purveyor. Provision-Waste. 

ca'-ter-ess. A female caterer. Provision-Waste. 

cat'-er-waul. A cat-like cry. Blandishment, Cry- 
Ululation, Melody- Dissonance. 

cat'-er-waul"-ing. Cat-cry. Melody-Dissonance. 

cates. Food; provisions. Nutriment-Excretion. 

cat'-gut-scra"-per. A violinist. Musician. 

ca-thar'-tic. Purgative. Cleanness-Filthiness. 

cathedra, ex [L.] (ca-thi'-dra, ex). From the chair. 
Assertion-Denial, Presumption-Obsequiousness, 
Rule-License, School. 

ca-the'-dral. A chief church of a diocese. Fane. 

cath'-o-lic. Not heretical ; universal in reach. Godli- 
ness-Ungodliness, Universality-Particularity; 



Catholic Church, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy; Roman 
Catholic Church, Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy. 
ca-thol'-ic-al. Catholic. Universality-Particular- 

Ca-thol'-i-cism. Orthodox faith; liberality of senti- 
ment. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy, Universality- 

cath'^UcM^r' Breadth; acceptance by the whole 
Church. Orthodoxy-Heterodoxy, Universalis - 

ca-thol'-i-con A panacea. Remedy-Bane. 

Cat'-i-line. A Roman conspirator. Uprig-htness- 

caf-'nip".' An aromatic herb used as a stimulant. 
Odor-Inodorousness, Remedy-Bane. 

cat-op'-sis. Clear sight. Sight-Blindness 

cat-op'-trics. The science that investigates the reflec- 
tion of light. Light-Darkness. 

ca-top'-tro-man''-cy. Divination by a mirror. Propi:- 

catAtle. Bovine animals. Conveyer, Fauna-Flora; 

cattle truck, Conveyance-Vessel. 
Cau-ca'-sian. One of the Indo-European race. Eth- 

Cau-ca^slan mys'-ter-y. Mystery of the Caucasian 
peoples. Theology. 

chest for fish. Domestication-Agricul- 


cau'-cus. A private meeting. Council. 

cau'-dal. Pertaining to the tail. Anteriority-Pos- 
teriority, Beginning-End. 

cau'-date. Having a tail. Suspension-Support 

cau'-dex. A stem. Suspension-Support, 1 op-Bot- 

cauf. A 

TURE. -r, 

caulk. To make tight. Renovation-Relapse. 
causa causans [L.] (cau'-za cau'-zans). Underlying 

principle. Cause-Effect. . 

caus'-al con-junc'-tion. Conjunction indicating causal 

relations. Particle. 
causes, felix qui potuit rerun, cognosce* i L .| vcau-zas 

fi'-lixquoi pot'-iu-it ri'-rum cog-nos'-ser-i) Happy 

he who is able to ascertain the causes of things. 

cau- A sa' S -tio E n F . FE Aciof causing. Agency Cause-Effect. 

causa vera [L.] (cau'-za vi'-ra). The real cause. 
Cause-Effect. n.,,*.* 

cause. An efficient agent; a legal action. Lalse- 
Effect Creation-Destruction, Litigation, 
caused by, Cause-Effect; final cause, Purpose- 
Luck; take up the cause of, Obstruction-Help, 
tell the cause of, Interpretation-Misinterpreta- 


Agent An active power, or efficient cause of anything. 

Causa causans [L.]. The causing cause. 

Causality. The active power of a cause. 

Causation. The act of producing. 

Cause That which brings about a result. 

Derivation. Act of drawing from or causing to be. 

Final cause. See Purpose. 

Pons et origo [L.]. The source and origin. 

Genesis. The act of bringing anything into existence. 

Mainspring. The making cause of action. 

Occasion. The reason to be. 

Origin. That from which anything first proceeds. 

Origination. Primary production. 

Pram mobile [L.]. First cause of motion. 

Production Coming into existence. 

Prorimats cause. An immediately preceding cause. 

Reason. The producing cause. 

Reason why. Cause of being, or acting. 

Remote cause. A cause far removed from its result. 

Source. That from which anything takes its being. 

Spring. An active, producing power. 

Spring-head. Source. 

Vera causa [L.]. The true cause. 

Why and wherefore. The efficient reason. 

Cause — Associated Nouns. 

Author. One who begins, forms, or originates. 

Birthplace. Environment or location at the time of being bom 

iua An undeveloped stem or branch; hence, the earliest part of 

anything. . 

Cradle. An infant's bed ; hence, place of origin. 
Descent. See Parentage. 
Egg That which contains a germ, or origin. 
Element. The first principle of a thing. 
Embryo. The germ of anything. 
Etymon. The root of a word. 
Font. A source or fountain. 
Foundation, etc. See Suspension-Support. 
Fountain The source of a stream. 

FounUinlhead. Source of a stream; hence, an originating cause. 
Germ. The rudimentary vital element. 
Ground. The support or foundation. _ 
Groundwork. That on which anything is built, 
ffinge Tlfe pivotal point on which anything depends for its effect 

or cause. . . . , ., 

Hotbed A place or condition favoring rapid growth. 

Kev That which opens or prepares a way; as in a lock. 
Leaven Anything hat works a general change ; as in dough. 
Lever That which exerts, or through which one may exert, great 

Consequence. A more remote effect. 

Denouement [F .]. The unraveling of the plot. 

Derivation. Act of receiving from a source. 

Derivative . Anything derived from another. 

Development. The growth from a cause. 

Effect The immediate outcome of a cause. 

End. 'The result or effect of work. See Beginning-End. 

Issue. Outcome. 

Outerowth. A result or consequence. 

R S. The most remote and comprehensive outcome of any cause 

or causes. 
Resultance.l. Aresu]t _ 
Resultant. ) 
Upshot. Final outcome. 

Effect — Denotations. 

Bud The earliest growth of a stem or branch. 

Creation. The act of God in bringing the world into existence. 

Creature . That which has been created. 

Crop. Things produced or grown. 

Fabric. Something that has been constructed or put together. 

First-fruit. The first outcome, result, or reward of anything. 

Firstling. The first born of a flock. 

Fruit. The growth from the seed of plants. 

Handiwork. The result of one's work. 

Harvest. The crop. . 

Offshoot. Something that branches off from a parent stock. 

Offspring. A descendant. 

Performance. The result of work. 

Premises. First-fruits. 

Work. Result achieved Ly labor. 

Effect — Verbal Expressions. 

Accrue from, to accumulate; arise from; be due caused by; be 
owing toTbe the effect of. etc. (see Nouns) ; bud from; come from, to 
h™ origin in; come of. to be derived from; come out of; come to. 
toTggrefate to; depend upon, t, rely upon for support or existence- 
derive its origin from; emanate from, to go out irom; flow from. 
To low from^erminate from; grow from; hang upon, hinge upon 
o be subject to a governing principle; issue rom; »"£»££»£ 
originate in; proceed from; result from; rise from spring from, to 
have birth or origin in; sprout from, to develop from, as a plant 
sow the wind and^eap the whirlwind, to suffer the consequences of 
error- take its rise from, to have its beginning; take the conse- 
quences, to assume responsibility for the outcome; turn upon. 


Effect — Adjectives. 

Not original. 

Passing naturally from parent to child. 




CAUSE— EFFECT— Continued. 

CAUSE — Associated Nouns — Continued. 

Nest. The habitation of a bird, prepared for rearing its young. 

Nidus [L.]. A nest. 

Nucleus. The germ or seed. 

Nursery. A place where the growth of anything is promoted. 

Occasioner. One who or that which causes anything. 

Pivot. That on which anything depends for its cause or effect. 

Prime mover. The leader or cause of anything. 

Principle. The source or cause from which a thing proceeds. 

Radical. Essential nature. 

Radix [L.]. A root. 

Rationale. The logical basis of a statement. 

Root. That from which anything derives origin. 

Rudiment. The germ. 

Seed. That from which a plant grows. 

Stirps. A source of property-descent. 

Stock. The main stem of a tree. 

Tap-root. The principal root of a plant. 

Trunk. The main body of a tree. 

Turning-point. The place or time from which a force or conduct 

takes a different course. 
Undercurrents. Silent or unseen sources. 
Well. A source of water. 
Womb. The organ in which young are developed. 

Effect — Adjective Expressions. 

Caused by, etc. (see Cause) ; dependent upon; derivable from; derived 
from; due to; evolved from; owing to; resulting from, etc. (see 
Verbs) . 

Effect — Adverbs. 

Consequently. As a natural result. 
Eventually. Ultimately; at last. 
Naturally. Following the rule or law. 
Necessarily. Inevitably. 
Through. To a termination. 

Effect — Adverbial Expressions. 

All along of, because of ; as a consequence; in consequence, for this 
reason; it follows that; of course, as a matter of common sequence 
or necessity. 

Effect — Phrases. 

Cela va sans dire [F.], that goes without saying; thereby hangs a 

Cause — Verbs. 

Broach. To open primarily. 

Cause. To produce; to be the reason for a result. 
Contribute. To participate in the bringing about of a result. 
Create, etc. See Creation. 
Decide. To fix the result of. 
Determine. To shape the character of. 
Elicit. To bring forth. 

Entail. To fix as an inevitable result on a person or thing. 
Evoke. To bring into play; to call forth. 
Found. To set up; to establish. 
Induce. To bring about. 
Institute. To begin. 
Kindle. To arouse. 
Occasion. To move; to incite. 
Operate. To work an effect upon. 
Originate. To bring into being. 
Procure. To bring on; to manage. 

Produce. To bring forth; to cause to follow as a natural conse- 
Provoke. To instigate. 
Set afloat. To put in action. 
Set afoot. To start in motion. 
Set up. To begin, as something new. 
Superinduce. To bring on additionally. 
Suscitate. To rouse into action or being. 

Cause — Verbal Expressions. 

Be the cause of, be the reason of, etc. (see Nouns); bring about, to 
effect; bring on, to bring into existence; bring to pass, to accom- 
plish; conduce to, etc. (see Inclination); derive its origin (see 
Cause-Effect); draw down; give occasion to; give origin to; 
give rise to, to occasion; have a common origin; have a finger in 
the pie, to be implicated in; have a hand in the pie; lay the founda- 
tion of; lie at the root of; open the door to; sow the seeds of, 
to start; turn the scale, to decide the result of. 

CAUSE— Continued. 

C a us e — A dject ives . 

Aboriginal. Of or pertaining to the first. 

Causal. Productive of a result. 

Caused, etc. See Verbs. 

Connate. Of common birth. 

Embryonic . Rudimentary . 

Embryotic. In the earliest stage of development. 

Germinal. Of the nature of a germ. 

Original. First of its kind. 

Originated, etc. See Verbs. 

Primary. Earliest. 

Primitive. Pertaining to the beginning, or first state. 

Primordial. Of the first order. 

Radical. Pertaining to the root, or foundation. 

Seminal. Pertaining to the seed, or first development. 

Cause — Adjective Expressions. 

At the bottom of, the chief cause of; having a common origin; in 
embryo, in an inceptive state; in ovo [L.], in embryo. 

Cause — Adverbial Expressions. 

Because, etc. See Rationale. 

Behind the scenes. Familiar with the hidden cause. 

Cause — Phrases. 

Felix qui potuit rerum cognosctre causas [L.]. Happy he who is 

able to ascertain the causes of things. 
Last straw that breaks the cameTs back. The ultimate cause of 

defeat or downfall. 
Les dessous des cartes [F.]. The secrets of an affair. 

caused. Effected. Cause-Effect. 
cause'-less. Groundless; uncaused 

Talk. Conversation-Mono- 

causerie [F.] (coz-ri')- 


cause'-way". A raised road. Way. 

cau-sid'-ic-al. Pertaining to a lawsuit. Judicature. 

caus'-tic. Sarcastic; stinging; corroding. Charita- 
bleness-Uncharitableness, Curvation-Recti- 
linearity, Emotion, Heating-Cooling, Pleasura- 
bleness-Painfulness, Vigor- Inertia. 

caus-tic'-i-ty. State of being caustic. Vigor-Inertia. 

cau'-tel. Caution. Recklessness-Caution. 

ro"tr/ a , ex abundanti [L.] (cau-ti'-la, ex ab-tm-dan'- 

tai). Out of abundant caution. Security-Inse- 

cau"-ter-i-za'-tion. Process of making callous. Heat- 

cau'-ter-ize. To sear by burning. Heating-Cooling. 

cau'-ter-y. A searing by caustic. Heating-Cooling. 

cau'-tion. Care to avoid misfortune; a warning. Se- 
curity, Warning; want of caution, Recklessness- 

cau'-tion-a-ry. Admonitory. Warning. 

cau'-tious-ness. Carefulness. Warning. 

cav"-al-cade\ A company of riders. Continuity- 
Interruption, Traveling-Navigation. 




cav"-a-lier'. A gallant; haughty; offhand; a lover; 
a horseman. Politeness-Impoliteness, Presump- 
tion-Obsequiousness, Recklessness-Caution, Re- 
gard-Scorn, Wayfarer-Seafarer. 

cavaliere servente [It.] (ca-vci-li-e'-re ser-ven'-te) . A 
cavalier servant; a lover. Love-Hate, Presumption- 

cav'-al-ry. Troops trained for fighting on horseback. 

ca"-va-ti'-na. A simple air. Music. 

cave. A natural cavity in the earth. Contents-Re- 
ceiver, Convexity-Concavity, Dweller-Habita- 
tion, Outside-Inside; cave in, Convexity-Concav- 
ity, Transcursion-Shortcoming, Yielding; cave 
of Adullam, Contentedness-Discontentment, 
Quest-Abandonment; cave of despair, Lightheart- 
edness- Dejection, Sanguineness-Hopelessness; 
cave of Eolus, River-Wind. 

ca'-ve-at. A legal caution. Order, Warning. 

caveat actor [L ] (ke'-ve-at ac'-tor). Let the doer be- 
ware. Warning. 

caveat emptor [L.] (ke'-ve-at emp'-tor) . Let the buyer 
beware. Buying-Sale, Contract. 

cav'-en-dish. A brand of American tobacco. Pun- 
gency, Sweetness-Acidity. 

cavendo tutus [L.] (ca-ven'-do tiu'-tus). Safe through 
caution. Carefulness-Carelessness, Reckless- 
ness-Caution, Security-Insecurity. 

cave quid dicis, quando, et cui [L.] (ke'-vi quid 
dai'-sis, quan'-do, et kai). Beware what you say, 
when, and to whom. Talkativeness-Taciturn- 
ity, Warning. 

cav'-ern. A cave. Contents-Receiver, Convex- 
ity-Concavity, Dweller-Habitation. 

cav'-ern-ous. Like a cavern. Convexity-Concav- 
ity, Future-Past. 

cav"-i-are'. A condiment. Condiment, Pungency; 
caviare to the general, Taste-Vulgarity. 

cav'-il. To raise objections, to be captious. Appro- 
val-Disapproval, Assent-Dissent, Ratiocination- 

cav'-il-er. One who cavils. Flatterer-Defamer. 

cav'-i-ty. A hole. Convexity-Concavity. 

caw. The cry of a crow. Cry-Ululation. 

Cay-enne'. Red pepper. Condiment, Pungency. 

ca-zique'. A prince or chief. Chief-Underling. 

cease. To leave off action. Discontinuance-Con- 
tinuance; cease to breathe, Life-Death; cease to 
exist, Entity-Nonentity. 

cease'-less. Without stop. Eternity-Instanta- 

ce'-ci-ty. Blindness. Sight-Blindness. 

ce'-dar. An evergreen tree. Mark-Obliteration, 
Redness-Greenness, Strength- Weakness. 

cede. To give up; to abandon; to admit. Giving- 
Receiving, Keeping-Relinquishment, Yielding. 

ce-dil'-la. A mark under the letter " c " to give it the 
sound of " s." Mark-Obliteration, Sign. 

ceil'-ing. The overhead covering of a room. Cover- 
Lining, Height-Lowness, Top-Bottom. 

ciare artem [L.] (si le'-ri ar'-tem). To conceal art. 
Ars eclarc artcin [L.] (arz si-16'-ri ar'-tem), the art to 
conceal art, Skill-Unskilfulness. 

celare fraudem, fraus est [L.] (si-lc-'-ri frau'-dem. fraus 
est). It is a fraud to conceal a fraud. Deception- 
Fraud, Visibility-Invisibility. 

ctla va sans dire [F.] (se-lo/ va san- dir) . That is, a 
matter of course. Cause-Effect, Conventional- 
ity - Uncon ventionality, Melody - Dissonance, 

cel'-e-brant. One who celebrates. Devotion-Idol- 

cel'-e-brate. To observe. Solemnization. 

cel'-e-bra"-ted. Observed; famous. Reputation-Dis- 
credit, Solemnization. 

cel'-e-bra"-ting. Observing. Solemnization. 

cel"-e-bra'-tion. The act of celebrating. Ceremo- 
nial, Reputation-Discredit, Solemnization. 

ce-leb'-ri-ty. One who is celebrated. Gentility- 
Democracy, Reputation-Discredit. 

ce-ler'-i-ty. Speed. Swiftness-Slowness. 

ce-les'-tial. Heavenly. Divinity, Heaven-Hell, Uni- 
verse; celestial latitude, Astronomy; celestial longi- 
tude, Astronomy. 

ce'-li-ac. Abdominal. Anatomy. 

cel'-i-ba-cy. The unmarried state. Matrimony-Celi- 

cell. A small room, as for a prisoner; part of a bat- 
tery. Contents-Receiver, Convexity-Concavity, 
Dweller-Habitation, Electricity, Release- 
Prison, Sociability-Privacy. 

cel'-lar. An underground room. Contents-Re- 

cel'-lar-et. A small cabinet for bottles. Contents- 

cel'-lu-lar. Pertaining to a cell. Contents-Receiver, 

cel'-lule. Small cell. Contents-Receiver. 

cel'-lu-loid. A composition made in imitation of ivory, 
coral, etc. Imitation-Originality, Materials. 

cel'-lu-lose. Full of small cells. Contents-Receiver. 

Celt'-ic. Pertaining to one of the races of men. Eth- 

ce-ment'. An adhesive substance; any bond of union. 
Cohesion-Looseness, Connective, Hardness- 
Softness, Materials. 

ce-ment'-ed. United. Variance-Accord. 

cem'-e-ter-y. A burial ground. Life-Funeral. 

cen'-o-bite. A monk. Ministry-Laity, Sociability- 

cen'-o-taph. An empty tomb. Life-Funeral. 

cen'-ser. A vessel for burning incense. Ceremonial. 

cen'-sor. A critic; an official examiner. Decision- 
Misjudgment, Flatterer-Defamer, Judge. 

cen-so'-ri-ous . Faultfinding. Approval-Disapproval. 

cen-so'-ri-ous-ness. Faultfinding. Approval-Disap- 

cen'-sur-a-ble. Deserving censure. Innocence-Guilt. 

cen'-sure. To disapprove. Approval-Disapproval. 

cen'-sur-er. One who censures. Flatterer-De- 

cen'-sus. A numbering of the people. Numbering, 

cen-tare'. Square meter. Measure. 

cen'-taur. A monster. Conventionality-Uncon- 

cen-ta'-vo. Mexican coin. Values. 

cen"-te-na'-ri-an. One a hundred years old. Infant- 

cen'-te-na-ry. Pertaining to a century. Five-Quin- 


cen-ten'-ni-al. Hundredth anniversary. Convention- 


cen'-ter. The middle; a focal point. Center, Gather- 
ingplace, Middle; center round, Concentration- 
Radiation, Gathering-Scattering; shake to its 
center, Agitation. 


Axis. The line on which something rotates, or about which some- 
thing is symmetrically arranged. 

Center. A point equidistant from the extremities of a line, figure, or 

Centricalness. Location in the center. 

Focus. A center. See Gatheringplace. 

Middle, etc. Si-e Middle. 




Center — Denotations . 

Backbone. The spine or vertebral column of a person. 

Bull's-eye. The central division of a target. 

Core. The central or innermost part of a thing. 

Heart. The chief, or central part. 

Hotbed. The place from which any activity or growth arises. 

Kernel. The central part round which other matter is gathered. 

Marrow. The interior substance of anything. 

Nave. The central part of a church ; a hub. 

Navel. A central part or point ; the umbilicus. 

Nucleolus. A center of growth. 

Nucleus. A center of growth. 

Pith. The spongy substance in the interior of stems or branches. 

Pole'. Either of the two points equidistant from every point of a 

circle of a sphere. 
Umbilicus. The depression at the middle of the abdomen. 

Center — Associated Nouns. 

Centrality. Tendency toward the center. 
Centralization. Act or process of reducing to a center. 
Concentration. Act of directing toward a common center. See 

Symmetry. Due proportion of the parts of a body to each other. 

Center — Scientific Terms. 

Buoyancy. Property of floating on the surface. 

Center of gravity. The balancing point in a body. 

Center of oscillation. The point in a body at which if all the mass 
were concentrated the time of vacillation would continue the same 
as before. 

Center of percussion. That point in a body revolving about a fixed 
axis at which it may strike an obstacle without communicating the 
shock to the axis. 

Center of pressure. That point in a body at which the whole pres- 
sure may be applied with the same effect it would produce if dis- 

Metacenter. The point of intersection of a vertical line through the 
center of gravity of the fluid displaced by a floating body. 

Center — Verbs. 

Centralize. To make central. 

Concentrate. To bring to a common central point. 

Converge, etc. See Concentration. 

Center — Verbal Expressions. 

Be central; be concentric, etc. (see Adjectives); bring to a focus; 
render central. 

Center — Adjectives. 

Axial. Around an axis or center. 

Azygous. Without a fellow; single. 

Central. Relating to the middle; placed in the middle. 

Centrical. Ontrally located. 

Concentric. Having a common center. 

Focal. Pertaining or belonging to the central point or focus. 

Homocentric. Having the same center. 

Middle, etc. See Middle. 

Middlemost. Nearest the middle. 

Umbilical. Pertaining to the navel ; hence, in the center. 

Center — Adverbs. 

Centrally, etc. See Adjectives. 
Middle. In the central part. 
Midst. In the center. 

cen-tes'-i-mal. One hundredth. Five-Quinquesec- 


cen'-ti-gram. Small weight. Measure. 
cen'-ti-li"-ter. One hundredth of a liter. Measure. 
cen'-ti-me"-ter. One hundredth of a meter. Measure. 
cen'-ti-ped. Kind of worm. Multiplicity-Paucity. 
cen'-to. A musical medley. Poetry-Prose. 
cen'-tral. Pertaining to the center. Center. 
cen-tral'-i-ty. The state of being central. Center, 

cen"-tral-i-za'-tion. Act of centralizing. Center. 

cen'-tral-ize. To bring to a center. Composition- 
Resolution, Center. 

cen'-tral-ly. In the center. Center. 

cen'-trtc-al. Pertaining to the center. Center. 

cen'-tric-al-ness. State of being in the center. Center 

cen-trif'-u-gal. Directed from the center. Concen- 

cen-trip'-e-tal. Directed toward the center. Concen- 

cen'-tu-ple. Increased a hundredfold. Five-Quinque- 


cen-tu'-pli-cate. To increase a hundredfold. Five- 


cen-tu'-ri-al. Pertaining to a century. Five-Quinque- 

cen-tu'-ri-ate. Pertaining to a century. Five-Quin- 

cen-tu'-ri-on. A captain of a hundred men. Chief- 

cen'-tu-ry. A hundred years. Five-Quinquesection, 
Lastingness-Transientness, Measure, Period- 

cer'-am'-ic. Pertaining to pottery. Heating-Cool- 
ing; ceramic ware, Sculpture. 

ce'-rate. A compound used for blisters. Remedy- 

Cer'-be-rus. A three-headed dog. Perforator- 
Stopper, Security-Insecurity; sop for Cerberus, 

ce'-re-al. A grain. Nutriment-Excretion. 

ce"-re-a'-li-a. The cereals. Nutriment-Excretion. 

cer'-e-bral. Mental. Mind-Imbecility. 

cer"-e-bra'-tion. Brain action. Reflection-Vacancy. 

cer'-e-brum. The upper part of the brain. Mind- 

cere'-cloth" . A cloth saturated with wax. Life- 

cere'-ment. A waxed cloth used as a winding sheet. 
Cover-Lining, Life-Funeral, Pulpiness-Oil. 

cer"-e-mo'-ni-al. A ritual. Ceremonial, Politeness- 
Impoliteness, Pomp, Vestments. 


Ceremonial. A system of rules and forms, enjoined by law, or estab- 
lished by custom in religious worship. 

Ceremonialism. Adherence to or fondness for ceremony. 

Ceremony. A formal rite or observance. 

Duty. Any service, business, or office. 

Form. Stated method; prescribed practise; ceremony. 

Formulary. Prescribed form or model. 

Litany. The form of supplication in public worship. 

Observance. Performance, as of rules, rites, and ceremonies. 

Ordinance. Observance commanded; an established rite or cere- 

Rite. A formal act or ceremonial of religion or other solemn duty. 

Ritualism. Adherence to a prescribed form of divine service. 

Sacrament. A sacred token or ceremony used to impress an obliga- 

Service. Public religious worship or ceremony. 

Solemnity. A rite or ceremony performed with religious reverence. 

Ceremonial — Denotations. 

Agape. The early Christian love-feast. 

Aspersion. A sprinkling, as of water in a religious ceremony. 
Auricular confession. Confidential or private confession to a priest. 
Baptism. A sacrament or rite, in which water is made use of to 

acknowledge consecration to Christ 
Baptismal regeneration. The doctrine that baptism is a means of 

being born into a new life, as brothers of Christ. 
Burial. See Life-Funeral. 

Canonization. The enrolling of a person in the calendar of saints. 
Celebration. The ceremonial of the Lord's Supper. 
Christening. See Baptism. 
Circumcision. The custom of cutting off the foreskin of human 

males, as a pledge of spiritual purification. 




Communion. The sacrament of the Lord s Supper. 
Confirmation. The form of full induction into the church. 
Consecration. Act of setting apart to a sacred use 
Consubstantiation. The actual , substantial presence of the body and 

Wood of Christ with the bread and wine of the sacrament. 
Discourse. A formal ceremonious talk. 
Dry mass. A form of mass, without consecration. 
Eazlewood A wood burned for incense. 

ifleton The cloth on which the eucharist.c elements are laid. 
Encenia. A church wake. 

Ex^mevinction. The anointing of a dying person. 
Farse. An addition to the Latin service. 
Flagellation. A scourging. 

High celebration. The ceremonial of the eucharist 
High mass. A mass celebrated with full ceremonial. 

S P tnaiion A ISSSSSZk the body of Christ in the bread of the 

SSSK'^A ftro^Tdfsung in connection with cere- 

monies. See Devotion -Charm. 
£££ ta A «T d rS3SS.i. which the blessing of the 

saints is invoked. 
Laying on of hands. Act of blessing. 
Lecture. An expository sermon. 

Matrimony. See Matrimony. 
Ministration. Service or ministry. 

Eszrv^szK* *»- r- the offering and 

first part of the mass. 
Ordination. See Church. 
Pastoral. A letter from a bishop to his diocese. 
Penance. See Atonement. _ 
Preaching. A discourse on religious subjects. 

Predication. Act of delivering sermons. two- 

plalmody. Practise of singing psalms or sacred songs. See Devo 

Realp'resence. The doctrine that the body of Christ is partaken of 

fied in Exodus. ,,.„,. 

Sabbatism . The keeping of the Sabbath . 

l:r^cra^: d B^.^^r=:;the eucharist, penance. 

^sar^ra.'Sss^ss r— off * *. bea ds 

of a rosary. 
The holy sacrament. The Lord s Supper. 

,-;"",», [L .]. The communion given to dying persons. 
Visitation of the sick. Act of visiting. 

Ceremonial— Nouns of Agent. 

Ritualist. One skilled in or attached to a ritual. 
Sabbatarian. One who keeps the Sabbath holy. 

Elements. The bread and wine used in the eucharist. 
Euchology. A formulary of prayers. . 

ion" The vessel used in churches as the repository of the bap- 

HoKt^In *e Roman Catholic Church, salted water conse- 


^ok^e^^ - - - 

Missal J tire year. 

SET 1 " /s^rl^tsS^-rthen^oT^ta, used by the 
.2-&SS3: S.'SSSilSSL in Roman Catholic 
Pie"" representation of the dead Christ attended by the Virgin 

Mary, or by holy women and angels. 
Pix A box or case containing the host. 
Prayer-book. A book containing devotional prayers 
Psalm-book. A book containing versifications of the Scriptural 

psalms composed for use in churches. 
Psalter. A psalm-book; a rosary consisting ot 150 beaos 

ance with the number of the psalms. 
Pyx. Same as pix. 
Relics. The body of a deceased saint or martyr 

USSTa p^s^^fo^of^o^n^vr service in a particu- 
Ro^n^riL—aters arranged to be recited ir .order, on beads-. 

Sackcloth 1 ^^."Tmode of apparel formerly signifying mourn- 
ing or penitence. 

Ceremonial— Nouns of Time. 
Advent. The first season of the ecclesiastical year, including the 

four Sundays immediately preceding Chnstmas. 
Eairam. The name of two Mohammedan festrv als. 
Christmas. The birthday of Christ. 

twelfth day after Christmas. 
Fast A period observed for religious fasting. 
Feast. A day or season in commemoration of some great event . 
Holiday. A day of exemption from labor. 
gSS^AKSSfSSK: «- commemoration of the im- 

prisonment of the Apostle Peter. 
Lent A fast of forty days before Easter 

P sionteek. The week immediately preceding E-ter. 

"SE*tE£S3£ S=3SK£££ of & E gyp- 

PentTcost A Jewish festival occurring fifty days after the Passover, 
Ramadan. The great annual feast of the Mohammedans. 
Ramazan. S?e Ramadan. 
Sabbath . The first day of the week . 
Whitsuntide. The time of Pentecost. 
Yule. Christmas. 

Ceremonial— Associated Words. 

Agnus Dei |LJ. The Lamb of God. 
Bead-roll. A roll of prayers. 

daily offices which all who are in orders are bound to read. 
Canon. A law or rule of doctrine. _ 

Censer A vase or pan in which incense is burned 
Chrism. A consecrated ointment of oil and balm for baptism . etc . 
Cross. The ensign of the Christian religion. 
Crucifix. A cross, or representation of a cross with the ngu 
Christ crucified upon it. 

Ceremonial — Verbs. 
Ba P L T ^^^th"acr^rofOsmto. 

cTnrrn To administer the rites of confirmation to. 

Dio To immerse for baptism. 

Excommunicate. To put out of communion. 

S5E ^^s^c^'arTornie.sacredorsecula, 

Officiate . To conduct a public service. 

Preach . To proclaim by public discourse. 




CEREMONIAL— Verbs— Continued. 

Predicate. To preach. 

Sermonize. To deliver a formal sermon. 

Sprinkle. To baptize by the application of a few drops of water. 

Ceremonial — Verbal Phrases. 

Administer extreme unction; administer the sacrament; attend the 
x communion; attend the sacrament; ban with bell, book, and candle. 
, a I excommunication in the Roman Catholic Church, 

in a.: .man pronounces the sentence of excommunica- 

tion, the bell is tolled as for the dead, the book from whii 1 tin' 
formula was read is closed, and a lighted candle is cast upon the 
ground; do duty; give the communion; give the sacrament; lay 
hands on; partake of communion; partake of the sacrament; per- 
form service; receive the communion; receive the sacrament; take 
the communion; take the sacrament. 

Ceremonial — Adjectives. 

Baptismal. Of or pertaining to baptism. 

Ceremonial. Of, pertaining to, or characterize! by outward form 

and ceremony. 
Eucharistical. IVrtaining to or of the nature of the em ha 
Paschal. ' n or pertaining to the Jewish Passover or the Christian 

Ritual. Of, pertaining to, or consisting of a rite or rites. 
Ritualistic Adhering or tending to or favoring ritualism. 

Ceremonial — Phrase 
Eau b&nite dc cour [F.J. Holy water of the court. 

Fondness of ceremony. Vest- 
Formal. Regard - Disrespect, 




cer'-e-mo-ny. A formal act; observance of etiquette. 
Ceremonial, Pomp. 

ce'-ro-graph. Wax-engraving. Engraving. 

ce-rog'-ra-phy. Engraving with wax. Engraving, 

ce'-ro-man"-cy. Divination by melted wax. Proph- 

ce"-ro-plas'-tic. Wax-modeling. Sculpture. 

cer'-tain. Assured; indefinite; fixed; inevitable. As- 
sertion-Denial, Certainty-Doubt, Faith-Mis- 
giving, Plurality-Fraction, Truth-Error, Uni- 
versality-Particularity; make certain of, Dis- 
covery; of a certain age, Infancy-Age; to a certain 
degree, Magnitude-Smallness. 

cer'-tain-ly. Without doubt. Certainty-Doubt, As- 


cer'-tain-ty. The quality of being certain. Certainty- 


Assurance. The act of making certain; a pledge of confidence. 

Certainty. Freedom from doubt or failure. 

Certitude. Exemption from doubt. 

Dead certainty. An emphatic reality. 

Dogmatism. Positiveness in stating opinion. 

Fact. Reality. 

Fa:t accompli [P.]. An accomplished fact. 

Infallibility. The quality of being incapable of error. 

Infallibleness. See Adjei 

Matter of fact. An absolute reality. 

Moral certainty. A probability so strong that the possibility of the 

opposite may be wholly disregarded. 
Necessity. Inevitableness. See Volition-Obligation. 
Positive fact. An occurrence or existence undeniable. 
Positiveness. Certainty. See Adjectives. 
Reliability . Trustworthiness . 
Surety. The state of being certain. 

Certainty — Associated Nouns. 

Bigot. An illiberal adherent to a creed, or party. 

Church. The whole body of Christian believers. 

Court of final appeal. A court to which a case may be taken from a 

lower court. 
Doctrinaire. A person who applies abstract principles to practical 

Dogmatist. One given to positive opinions and beliefs. 
Dogmatizer. See Dogmatist. 
Gospel. That which is regarded as infallibly true. 
Ipse dixit [L..]. He said it; a dogmatic assertion. 
Opinionist. One given to having strong and unshaken opinions. 
Pope. The head of the Roman Catholic Church. 
Res judicata [L.] A case that has been determined 
S:ripture. Infallible truth. 
Sir Oracle. A title used by Gratiano in the Merchant of Venice, 

ridiculing those affecting wisdom. 
Ultimatum. The final or only condition. 

Certainty — Verbs. 

Assure. To make sure. 
Clinch. To make fixed or conclusive. 
Decide. To bring to a definite termination. 
Determine. To fix upon; tocertit'y. 
Dogmatize. To affirm positively. 
Ensure. Same as Insure. 
Insure. To render secure or certain 
Know. See Faith. 

Acatalepsy. The incomprehensibleness of things. 

Ambiguity. See Ambiguity. 

Bewilderment. Confused state of mind. 

Contingency. Complexity. 

Diaporesis Doubt concerning the order of treating several subjects. 

Dilemma. A case in which a choice between two equally undesirable 

courses is necessary. 
Doubt. Absence of certain knowledge. 
Doubtfulness. See Adjectives. 
Dubiety. Doubtfulness. 
Dubiousness. The state of being in doubt. 
Dubitancy. Uncertaint 
Dubitation. The act of doubting. 

Embarrassment. Uneasiness of mind caused by a perplexity. 
Fallibility. Tendency to err. 

Hesitation. Suspense of opinion or action because of uncertainty 
Incertitude. The state of being doubtful. 
Indetermination. State of being wavering in mind. 
Obscurity, etc. See Light-Darkness. 
('»..<; probandi [L.]. The burden of proving. 
Open question. A question admitting of doubt. 
Perplexity. State of not being able to determine an opinion or 

course of conduct. 
Possibility upon possibility. A question admitting of many surmises. 
Precariousness. The condition of being subject to risk of Joss. 
Something or other. A doubtful thing. 
Suspense. State of indetermination. 
Timidity, etc. See Sanguineness-Timidity. 
Uncertainty. Lack of resolution. 
Vacillation, etc. Changeableness in opinions or conduct, etc See 

Vagueness, etc. Indefiniteness, etc. See Adjectives. 

Doubt — Figurative Nouns. 

Blind bargain. An exchange without seeing the article received. 

Fog. Condensed vapor which obscures the view; hence, perplexity. 

Haze. Anything that dims; hence, uncertainty. 

Leap in the dark. Performance of an act without foresight. 

Pig in a poke. A blind bargain. 

Doubt — Verbs. 

Be uncertain, etc. See Adjectives. 

Be undefined, etc. See Adjectives. 

Bewilder. To make unsettled in mind. 

Bother. To annoy by worrying. 

Confound. To overwhelm the mental faculties. 

Confuse, To make indistinct or unintelligible. 





Certainty — Verbal Expressions 

DOUBT— Verbs— Continued. 

J$e certain; be sure, etc. (see Adjectives) ; lay down the law, to make 
acquainted with existing rules or regulations; "make assurance 
doubly sure"; make sure; render certain; set at rest, to settle defi- 
nitely; stand to reason, to be consistent with truth. 

Certainty — Adjectives. 

Absolute. Self-determined. 

Ascertained. Known or established with certainty. 
Assured, etc. See Verbs. 
Authentic. Genuinely accurate. 
Authoritative. Positively established. 
Avoidless. Not to be escaped. 
Axiomatic. Self-evident. 

Categorical. Admitting no exceptions or doubts. 
Certain. Admitting neither doubt nor denial. 
Clear. Free from doubt or misgiving. 
Conclusive. Not able to be refuted or proved false. 
Decided. Settled as to doubt. 

Decisive. Having the power or quality of deciding. 
Definite. Certain. 

Determinate. Having the power of settling or limiting definitely. 
Doubtless. Without doubt. 

Evident. Easily manifest to both eye and mind. 
Incontestable. Not to be denied or contradicted. 
Incontrovertible. Too certain to be disputed. 
Indisputable. Too obvious to admit of contradiction. 
Indubious. Not doubtful. 
Indubitable. Plainly certain. 
Inevitable, Not to be evaded or resisted. 
Infallible. Incapable of erring. 
Insured, etc. See Verbs. 
Irrefutable. See Proof. 
Known, etc. See Verbs. 

Official. Derived from, or done by the proper authority. 
Positive. Fully convinced or confident. 
Questionless. Beyond question. 
Reliable. Worthy of belief or dependence. 

Self-evident. Producing certainty or conviction from mere consid- 
Solid. Worthy of credence or trust. 

Sure. Worthy of dependence; certain to meet expectations. 
Trustworthy. Meriting trust and confidence. 
Unavoidable. Not to be escaped. 
Unchangeable. Fixed in form or substance. 
Uncontested. Not denied. 
Undeniable. Not to be refuted. 
Undisputed. Not contradicted. 
Undoubted. Accepted without hesitation or doubt. 
Unequivocal. Admitting of but a single, certain interpretation- 
Unerring. Accurate . 
Unimpeachable. Not to be reproached. 
Unmistakable. Not doubted. 
Unqualified. Unconditional; absolute. 
Unquestionable. Not to be doubted or questioned. 
Unquestioned. Not doubted. 
Well founded. Clearly established. 

Certainty — Adjective Expressions. 

Beyond a doubt; beyond all dispute; beyond all question; beyond 
question; clear as day; clear as the sun at noonday; past dispute; 
sure as a gun; sure as death and taxes, sure as fate, inevitable; to 
be depended on; without a doubt; without a shade or shadow of 
doubt; without power of appeal, settled decisively; without ques- 

Certa int y — .4 dverbs . 

Certainly, etc. See Adjectives. 

Certes. Verily. 

Doubtless . Unq uest i on abl y . 

Sure. Surely. 

Surely, etc. See A djectives. 

Certainty — Adverbial Expressions. 

A coup sur [F .]. with certainty; and no mistake; as a matter of course; 
at all events, surely ; at any rate, inevitably ; come what may; come 
what will; coutc-quc-cohtc [F.], at any price; coutc qtt'il conte 

Depend. To be or remain uncertain. 

Doubt. To be undecided. 

Embarrass. To disconcert. 

Float in a sea of doubt. To be in a doubtful state. 

Flounder. To stumble or waver in reasoning. 

Hang in the balance. To be undecided. 

Hesitate. To pause awaiting decision or action. 

Keep in suspense. To keep in doubt. 

Lose oneself. To be in a state of suspense as to memory and reason. 

Lose one's head. To become utterly confused. 

Lose the clew. I To lose the thread leading from an intricacy, as that 

Lose the clue, i of Daedalus from the labyrinth of Crete. 

Lose the scent. To lose track of. 

Miss one's way. Lose one's path. 

Moider. To distract; to confuse. 

Muddle one's brains. To becloud the brain, as with drink. 

Not know whether one stands on one's head or heels. 

Not know which way to turn. 

Not to know what to make of, etc. See Clearness-Obscurity. 

Perplex. To make obscure, or to confuse. 

Pose. To embarrass by puzzling questions. 

Put out. To disconcert. 

Puzzle. To mystify. 

Render uncertain, etc. See Adjectives. 

Throw off the scent. To put in a state of uncertainty, as a hunting 

Tremble in the balance. To be in doubt or great danger; on waver- 
ing scales. 

Wonder whether. To be doubtful about. 

Doubt — Adjectives, 

Abroad. Uncertain, as in calculation. 

Adrift. Aimless; without occupation. 

Afraid to say. Not certain enough to say. 

Ambiguous. Double in meaning. 

Apocryphal. Of uncertain authenticity. 

Astray. Wandering, as in reasoning. 

At a loss. Unable to decide. 

At a nonplus. Puzzled. 

At fault. Embarrassed. 

At one's wit's end. Entirely at a loss. 

At sea. Ignorant of how to proceed. 

Casual. Occurring without premeditation. 

Changeable. See Mutability. 

Confused. See Visibility-Invisibility, 

Contingent. Dependent on unknown circumstances. 

Contingent on. Dependent on. 

Controvertible. Deniable. 

Debatable. Disputable. 

Dependent on. Determined by. 

Dependent on circumstances. 

Dt iorientS [F.]. Having lost one's bearings. 

Distracted. Unsettled in reason. 

Distraught. Confused. 

Doubtful. Having the character of ambiguity. 

Dubious. Calling forth doubt. 

Enigmatic. Not easily solved. 

Equivocal. Capable of equally appropriate interpretations 

Experimental, etc. See Trial. 

Fallible. Liable to err, or deceive. 

Hypothetical. Taken as an unproved premise from which to deduct 

Ignorant, etc. See Knowledge-Ignorance. 
In a cloud. Not knowing how to proceed. 
In a maze. In a state of confusion. 
In a state of uncertainty. Doubtful. 
Indecisive. Not bringing to a definite end. 
Indefinite. Not established or determined. 
Indeterminate. Not precise. 
In question, etc. See Investigation. 
In suspense. In a state of uncertainty. 
Lost. Bewildered. 
Mystic. Secret. 
Occasional. Pertaining to or occurring at irregular times or 

pen* ids. 
Open to discussion. Debatable. 
Oracular. Doubtful, like lying oracles, 
Out of one's reckoning. Wrong in calculation. 





CERTAINTY — Adverbial Expressions — Continued. 

[P.], at any price; flagrante delicto [L], in the commissi' a 
crime; for certain; happen what may; happen what will; if the 
worst comes to the worst; in truth, etc. (see Truth); no doubt; of 
course; sink or swim; sure enough; to a certainty; to be sure; what- 
ever may happen; without fail. 

Certainty — Phrases. 
Ceta va sans dire [F.], that goes without saying; dictum de dicto [L.]. 
hearsay report; mis vale pdjaro en mano que buitre volando [Sp.], 
a sparrow on the hand is better than a vulture on the wing; para 
todo hay remedio sind para la muerte [Sp.], there is a rem< 
all things except death; the die is cast, the course has been 
decided upon; there is no question; there is not a shadow of doubt 

DOUBT — Continued from Column a. 
Untrustworthy. Not worthy of trust or confidence. 
Vague. Dim; unfixed. 

Doubt — Phrases. 
Ambiguas in vulgunt spargere voces [L.] 

minds of the people. 
Heaven knows. 

Pendente lite [L ] Pending the suit. 
Who can tell! 
Who shall decide when doctors disagree? 

To stir up doubt in t: 

IJOUBT — Adjectives — Con:;. 

Paradoxical. Seemingly absurd, but possibly true. 

Perplexing, etc. See \erbs. 

Precarious. Not to be relied upon 1 steady. 

Problematical. Involving doubt. 

Puzzled, etc. See Verbs. 

Questionable. Liable to be doubted 

Random, etc. See Purpose-Luck. 

Slippery. Elusive; tricky. 

Subject to. Liable to. 

Ticklish. Not fixed; easily affi 

Unascertained. Not di fi wn. 

Unauthentic. Not genuine; not reliable. 

Unauthenticated. Not supported by sufficient authority. 

Unauthoritative. Not derived from creditable sources. 

Uncertain. Not sure or definite. 

Unconfirmed. Not assured or verified. 

Uncounted. Of uncertain number. 

Undecided. ,'. ::pon. 

Undefinable. Not to be described. 

Undefined. Not clear. 

Undemonstrated. ertain. 

Undetermined. Not fixed upon. 

Unreliable. N< • t - ! . < : 

Unsettled. Not steady or fixed. 

Untold. Secret. 

ntinued i >.- i \lumn i ) 

cer'-tes. Truly. Assent-Dissent, Certainty-Doubt. 

cer-tif'-i-cate. A writ'ng used as legal evidence; a 

declaration in regard to qualifications Evidence- 

Counterevidence. Mark-Obliteration. Security. 

cer'-ti-fy. To attest; to assure. Assertion-Denial, 


cer"-ti-o-ra'-ri . A writ from a superior to an inferior 
court. Litigation. 

cer'-ti-tude. Confidence. Certainty-Doubt. 

ce-ru'-le-an. Sky-blue. Blueness-Orange. 

cer'-vi-cal. Pertaining to the neck. Anatomy. 

cess. A hole of filth; a public assessment. Cleanness- 
Filthiness, Price-Discount. 

ces-9a'-tion. Discontinuance. Discontinuance-Con- 

ces'-sion. A surrender. Giving-Receiving, Keeping- 
Relinquishment, Yielding. 

cess'-pool". A pit of foulness. Cleanness-Filthi- 

cestui que trust [Law F.] (ses-twi' ke trust). One to 
whom a trust is made. Holder. 

ces'-tus. A girdle or belt. Circle-Winding, Connec- 

chafe. To fret; to make sore; to make warm by rub- 
bing. Contentedness-Discontentment, Excita 
bility-Inexcitability, Favorite-Anger. Heating- 
Cooling, Pleasurableness-Painfulness, Pleas- 
ure-Pain 1 , Sensuality-Suffering. 

chaff. Trifles; banter; the envelopes of grain. Conse- 
quence- Insignificance, Gentility -Democracy, 
Society-Derision; not to be caught with chaff, 
Craft-Artlessness, Skill-Unskilfulness; win- 
now chaff from the wheat, Choice-Neutrality. 

chaf'-fer. To haggle. Exchange. 

cha'-fing. Annoying. Excitability-Inexcitability. 

cha'-fing-dish". A vessel for heating. Oven-Re- 

cha-grin'. Mortification. Pleasure-Pain. 

cha-grined' . Mortified. Excitability-Inexcita- 

chain. To join with a chain; bonds; an ornament; 
unit of length. Connective, Continuity-Inter- 
ruption, Crossing. Embellishment-Disfigure- 
ment. Length-Shortness, Measure, Release- 
Prison, Union-Disunion; drag a chain, Liberty- 
Subjection, Obstruction-Help; drag a lengthened 

chain, Ton. -Relaxation : in chains, Guard-Pris- 

chain-shot. Cannon-balls chained together. Weapon. 

chair. A single seat ; a seat of office; a presiding officer; 
a conveyance. Conveyance-Vessel, Management, 
Manager, President-Member, Scepter. Si i - 
Solemnization, Suspension-Support; in the chair, 

chair'-man. One who presides. Manager. President- 

chaise. A vehicle. Conveyance-Vessel. 

chal-ced'-o-ny. A waxy transparent quartz. Em- 

chal-cog'-ra-phy. Engraving on plates for printing. 

cha"-let\ Peasant's cottage. Dweller-Habita- 

chal'-ice. A drinking cup. Contents-Receiver. 

chalk. A white calcareous earth. Painting, Sign, 
Whiteness-Blackness; chalk-engraving, Engrav- 
ing; chalk out, Design. Painting; not know chalk 
from cheese, Knowledge-Ignorance. 

chalk'-y. Resembling chalk. Whiteness-Blackness. 

chal'-lenge. To claim as one's due; to defy; to dispute. 
1 Iefiance, Dueness-Undueness, Faith-Misgiving, 
Investigation -Answer. Justification-Charge; 
challenge comparison, Goodness-Badness. 

cham. A khan. Chief-Underling. 

cham'-ber. A room; an assembly hall. Contents- 
Receiver, Council. D\yeller-'Habitation, Mar- 
ket; sick-chamber, Health-Sickness. 

cham'-ber-lain. An - official. Chief-U:. 


cham'-ber-maid". A woman who takes care c ;" bed- 
chambers. Chief-Underlin g . 

cha-me'-le-on. A lizard capable of changing c i 

cham'-fer. To cut a channel in. Groove. 

cham'-ols. An antelope famed for agility. Spring- 
champ. To bite; to gnash. Nutriment-Excretion; 
champ the bit, Excitability-Inexcitability. Fa- 
vorite-Anger, Insubordination-Obedience. 
cham-pagne'. A sparkling wine. Liquid-Gas. Nutri- 
ment- Excretion. 




Cham-paign'. A flat piece of land. Gulf-Plain. 

Cham-pain'. A mark of dishonor. Reputation-Dis- 

Champ lit' Mars [F.] (shear de marz). Field of Mars. 

champetre , fete [F.] (shan -petr', fet). A rustic festival. 
Entertainment- Weariness. 

cham'-pi-on. One who fights in behalf of another, 
a victor. Antagonist-Assistant, Attack-Defense, 
Belligerent, Patriotism-Treason. 

cham'-pi-on-ship. Position of a champion. Obstruc- 

Champs Elysees [F.] (shanz e-li-ze'). Elysian fields. 

chance. Fortune; an opportunity. Motive-Caprice, 
Purpose-Luck, Rationale-Luck; as chance would 
have it, Occurrence-Destiny; one's chance, Oc- 
currence-Destiny; chances against one, Security- 
Insecurity; game of chance, Entertainment- 
Weariness, Purpose-Luck; small chance, Likeli- 
hood-Unlikelihood; stand a chance, Contingency, 
Possibility - Impossibility, Purpose - Luck, take 
one's chance, Purpose-Luck, Venture. 

chan'-cel. A part of a church. Fane. 

chan'-cel-lor. A keeper of the great seal; a judicial 
officer. Advocate, Chief-Underling, Represen- 
tative; chancellor of the exchequer, Treasurer. 

chan'-cer-y. A court of equity. Chancery suit, Earli- 
ness-Lateness; court of chancery, Tribunal. 

chan"-de-lier'. A branching frame for lights. Lumi- 

chandelle, le jeu tie van! pas la [F.] (shan-del', le zhu 
ne vo pa la). The game is not worth the 
candle. Consequence-Insignificance, Provision- 

chand'-ler. A trader. Dealer. 

change. An exchange; small coins; to alter. Deter- 
mination-Vacillat.on, Market, Money, Muta- 
tion-Permanence; change about, Mutability- 
Stability; change color, Emotion; change for, Com- 
mutation-Permutation; change hands, Aliena- 
tion, Commutation-Permutation; change of mind, 
Bigotry-Apostasy; change of opinion, Faith-Mis- 
giving; interchange, Commutation-Permutation; 
radical change, Revolution ; sudden change, Revo- 

change'-a-ble. Unsteady. Certainty-Doubt, Muta- 
bility-Stability, Mut at i on- Permanence. 

change'-a-ble-ness. Inconstancy; capability of being 
changed. Determination-Vacillation, Lasting- 
ness-Transientness, Mutability-Stability, Mu- 

changed. Altered. Mutation-Permanence. 

change'-ful. Full of change Bigotry-Apostasy, 

change'-ling. Inconstant. Commutation-Permuta- 
tion, Sage-Fool. 

chang'-er. One who changes. Dealer. 

chan'-ncl. A conduit; a groove; deep part of a 
stream. Aperture-Ci.osui.c, Groove, Water- 
course-Air pipe. Way. 

chant. A song; a psalm chanted. Devotion-Idol- 
atry, Music, Musician. 

chant da cygne [F]. (shan' du ciny). The song of the 
swan; the last strains of an author. Life- 

chant'-er. A singer. Musician. 

chan'-ti-cleer. Acock. Fauna-Flora. 

chant'-ry. A chapel. Fane. 

cha'-o-man"-cy. Fortune-telling. Prophecy. 

cha'-os. A state of disorder. Whole-Part. 

chap. Jaw; crack; a fellow. Interspace-Contact, 

cha-peau'. A plumed hat. Dress-Undress. 
chap'-el. A small church. Fane. 
chap'-er-on. An attendant. Security-Insecurity 
chap'-fal"-len. Dejected. Selfrespect-Humble 


chap'-lain. A clergyman. Church, Ministry-Laity. 

chap'-let. A wreath. Circle-Winding, Embellish- 
ment-Disfigurement, Trophy. 

chap'-man. A pedler. Dealer. 

chaps. Mouth and cheeks. Border. 

chap'-ter. Division of a book; the clergy; a society. 
Church, Conception-Theme, Council, Missive- 
Publication, Whole-Part; chapter of accidents, 
Rationale-Luck; chapter and verse, Evidence- 
Counterevidence, Truth-Error. 

chap'-trel. Impost. Architecture. 

char. To scorch. Heating-Cooling. 

char-b-battcs [F.] (shar-a-ban ) . A long carriage. 
Conveyance- Vessel. 

char'-ac-ter. A person in a play; reputation; sign; 
individuality. Acting, Affection, Condition- 
Situation, Conventionality-Unconventionality, 
Division, Letter, Nature-Art, Subjectiveness- 

char"-ac-ter-is'-tic. Marking. Nature-Art, Sign, 
Subjectiveness - Objectiveness, Universality - 
Particularity, Variation. 

char'-ac-ter-ize. To describe; distinguish. Account, 

char'-ac-ter-ized. Marked by. Affections. 

cha-rade'. An enigma represented. Acting, Tidincs- 

char'-coal". A black substance used for fuel and in 
painting. Combustible, Heating-Cooling, Paint- 
ing, Whiteness-Blackness. 

charge. An admonition; an attack; a position of care; 
a load of a firearm or a battery; a care; instruction; 
an accusation. Advice, Attack-Defense, Com- 
mission-Abrogation, Contents-Receiver, Elec- 
tricity, Entirety-Deficiency, Exchange, Im- 
petus-Reaction, Justification-Charge, Manage- 
ment, Occupation, Order, Precept, Price-Dis- 
count, Release-Restraint; charge on, Rationale- 
Luck; charge with, Holding-Exemption; in charge, 
Guard-Prisoner; justifiable charge, Justification- 
Charge; take charge of, Security-Insecurity. 

charge'-a-ble. Capable of being charged. Credit- 
Debit; chargeable on, Duty-Immunity. 

charge d'affaires [F.] (shar-zhe' daf-far'). A diplo- 
matic agent. Consignee. 

char'-ger. A war-horse. Belligerent, Conveyanci - 

char-ge'-ship. The office of a charg£ d'affaires. Agent, 
Chief-Underling, Occupation. 

Char'-ing Cross, pro-claim' at. Announce publicly. 

char'-i-ot. A two-wheeled vehicle. Conveyance- 
Vessel; drag at one's chariot wheels, Liberty- 

char"-i-ot-eer'. A chariot driver. Manager, Way 

char'-i-ta-ble. Generous. Charitableness-Malevc 
lence, Generosity-Frugality, Giving-Receiv- 


char'-i-ta-ble-ness. State of being charitable. Chari- 




Almsgiving. Gratuitous relieving of the poor by gifts. 

Altruism. Charitableness towards others. 

Amiability. Pleasantness of disposition. 

Beneficence. Charity in action. 

Benevolence. Desire for the happiness of others. 

Benignity. Kindliness of disposition. 

Bonhomie [F.]. Good nature. 

Bounty. Liberality in giving. 

Brotherly love. Fraternal affection. 

Charitableness, etc. Sec Ad]e, 

Charity. Generosity to the poor. 

Christian charity. Chanty of a believer m Christ. 

Consideration. Kindly regard. 

SsKc.^rorsustain^ friendly relation,*, 

Amity. . 

Generosity. Nobleness of mmd. 
God's grace. I D : vme charity. 
God's love. > 

Good feeling. Friendliness. 
Good nature. Mildness of tern] » i 
Goodness of heart. Good disposition. 
Good-will. Benevolence. 

Good wishes. Desire for the happiness of others. 
Humanity. Disposition to relieve those m distress. 
Kindheartedness. State of kind-hearted. 
Kindliness, etc. See Adject* 
Knidness, etc. See Adjectives. 
Love. etc. Kind feeling, etc. See Love. 

Loving kindness. Affectionate feeling. r,,-,r^sioN 

Mercy etc Inclination to relieve suffering, etc. Sec i 
Milk of human kindness. [Fig] Benevolence 
Philanthropy, etc. Readiness to do good to all man), 

Svmpalnr^nd^Hng toward the suffering growing cut of similar 

previous experience. 
Tenderness. State of being susceptible of compassion. 
t-L l„v,,rv of doing good. Pleasure in benevolence. 
Toleration, "'state of Putting up with opinions or beliefs contrary 

u£n*££tc- State of not being selfish, etc. See Selfishness- 

Warmth of heart. Benevolence. 

Charitableness — Denotations. 

Acts of kindness. Expression of charity . 

A good turn. A helpful deed. 

Good offices. A service performed for another. 

Good treatment. Kindness. 

Good works. Kind and helpful deeds. 

Kind offices. See Good Offices. 

Kind treatment. See Good Treatment. 

Charitableness — Nouns of Agent. 

Bon enfant [F.]. A good fellow. 

Good Samaritan. One given to deeds of kindness. 

Sympathizer. One who sympathizes. 

Charitableness — Verbs. 
Aid. etc. To render assistance, etc. See Obstruction-Help. 
Benefit. To be of use to. 
Fraternize. To treat as a companion. 

Charitableness— Verbal Expressions. 
Bear good-will; be benevolent. etc_ (see Adjectives^ ^ interested in 


be of use- do a good turn; do as you would be done by; do good 
enter into the feelings of others; feel an interest in; feel for; feel 
Crested in; give comfort; have one's heart in the right place, 
to be generousfmeet half way. to concede half of the difference 
£ order to make a compromise; regard with an eye of favor, 
render a service; smooth the bed of death, to make one .last hours 
pleasant- sympathize with, to have a common feeling with, take 
St in; take in good part; treat well; v,ew with an eye of 
favor; wish Godspeed; wish well. 

Charitableness — Adjectives. 
Accommodating. Given to doing kindnesses or granting favors. 
Amiable. Having a pleasing disposition. 
Beneficent. Doing good. 

Acerbity. Harshness. 

Atrocity. Extreme wickedness. 

Bad blood. Ill feeling. 

Bad intent. Evil purpose. 

Bad intention. Ill design. 

Barbarity. State of being brutal or uncivilized. 

Brutality. The state or quality of being like a brute. 

Churlishness, etc. Rudeness of temper, etc. See PoLITENM*. 

Cruelness, etc. See Adjo . 

Cruelty. A disposition to inflict unnecessary suffering on others. 

Despite. Malicious 

Diskindness. State of being unkind. c„a„,, v 

Enmity, etc. The quality ol being an enemy, etc. See Amity- 
Hostility. . 

Ferity. State of being wild or fierce in disposition. 

Ferocity. Fierceness; cruelty. 

Gall. Bitterness of feeling. 

Hardness of heart. State of being void of sympathy. 

Hate, etc. Intense dislike or aversion coupled with a desire to do 
injury, etc. See Love-Hate. 

Heart of stone. Hard-heartedness. 

Ill blo