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Full text of "Marine Engineer and Naval Architect"

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I l!ili|]i|:i'l|{illlD!illlllill1 
3 3433 06907616 8 




i 



i ■ 



Hi 
/ 



-•v^ K 




THE MARINE ENGINEER ; 



'■■'..■ i.-;\/ YORK 

!,i:;.;C LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LFNOX AND 
TILOr N Fi'UNBATIONS. 



A MONTHLY JOUBNAL OF 



MARINE ENGINEERING, SHIPBUILDING, 
STEAM NAVIGATION & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING. 

EDITED BY WILLIAM GEORGE NEAL, 

Assoc. I.N. A. 



\ 



Vol. XIX.— From April, 1897, to March^l898. 



Lonlun: 

OFFICE FOR ADVERTISEMENTS AND PUBLICATION, 3, AMEN CORNER, 

PATERNOSTER ROW, E.G. 



1898. 




M> 



I. 



NEW YCRK 

t„..ICLlBRARV 

77692 

*STO«, LENOX *N0 
IILDtN FOUNOATIONS- 

1888. 



t . 




EDITORIAL ROTES. 

&C<wI«tl;nili:r>rn of iim Slinm EstiD^. ^ 

Aeodmt 1(> Shi FrrDch vuTihic " Driiii,"'JlB 

AMtrlMsr, iiDiJ LI ffi-liahl* Fui'in AltiMt, lU 

AOopUm a[ L<il>DBi-ii'>knrK tliL-bliUvri «n tmiiJ Ship, ^i' 

Aliiminiiirn (or Ufit' in Sb-itbiiSilirK, IIM 

Anti -frictioi] Idetalns-ur C^'Opo^'ilioliA fur Til^hvr Tienip«cA.ttlrtli 4Sn 

Acpltultonol ibeCniupouQdt^Ciaia Turbid* tit ULt PurpMD of Uwin* Fi 0- 

Armour mrf Pioi»i;ni«. uu 
Bcll»TiUe fiallQn In Iiii|e "VS'ir V*!«c'r, 17 
Bcn*(ll ■ocictr. ■ Saei^HIIon for Engineer*, ltd 
B4r*Hf«-td, Lard OI^Arlfs, an. ihe <.tlilvr irdnolBd?, % 

8FMJi1ncof Toil ^DarHnml tQc C<iiiap, 2>>-l 

■■Bruil,'" Broten PrB'on-ioJ on Id* Wat+feip, )43 

BucitCnaol [hi/ MiinSlea.iii I-i| je on [lifi"T(i«i>liBr,'' ^1,310. 4U 

CuslMniig 0( lilt- Kaeit m SbipDull-iiinir. 310 

Commdol* DD lbs Orot!! OuLputlor ln!)7,3^ 

CtaMiractiosolSliipi tnJ&i>ki>. ^i1 

CorKw-an of T*i1 SWtr. "nd >li« ns<t MeuiB for Pnvfnllng BAEht, !U 

l.'^cak aod isUiet 8b)it!!i used in the HniouiUIe Uartiid 'i^-! 

DlfficuLtiF^ ULd nnwbflcrliq ■iL'-Ti-Jio^ Cniobncd KHb. ^l^ 

I>iipui« in tilt EngineotiDK Tti:li', 'H 

iKick AFfomm9d*llon f<-r Buttliiihlpl ol tb< tl S. H%VJ, lili 

I>nnWD, Sir \. .1., aiir] WQici-Tube IloUir«,aT 

EeatmiD! ol tiUa.m and Kiicl, iiu 

■lenulcall* Iiriv-rn Tooli, lu 

EltfrWoftl TiimiiilHlaD ot FotieT Lb. If arlne KnglnMilnc anl fihtpbutljingi ' 

Eleaeniar; 8t»t>illtr, 1 

SngiriMif, BsmGnd* fur, II I 

eofllUi SpAvKloKionl Dm in Guririiiii.jn > 

BspcrtDvnt fcrrrodactloaolui IdoUProiMtiveV^rnl*!' or P«iBt(oi Bblps i 

Botiomi, -IIS I 

PtClitin|Vala»Dt CvlalnoIitieOl.lFr Iribrlidii ir 1te-«tn>ad, JS 

Pindtn CmnwtlMC" ^all Uw Bn(lD»>itiK suikr, ail 

Flutertd BdU« In Waif t To ba Builtn, stZ 

frMtursd UilD 3Ieiim Fife, i'l 

FnidomolMen toStTikaar No(,4t6 

Frf L»^fliir Prvleetion A»ocinll-on (n B"Pppft t-f Iwe Labour, 3111 

Frei(bii tor Bttvj Ulnenl OdoiIi. QuwITid ol. »t 

Viftth BeJentlllc JnoniiJa on Jilfcliuilciil M.llt«Yit, 341 

Otaaettj Rod Seipbuildinx, Hi 

QtaplilD Aid Ln Atrr<i>'i°>t">t Hu» \V«i4rbta. ICn 

Ol»re1l, Mi. Jatio, CD Brnlirn Bl»<t>, Tuil ILnd i^d O^borvlU; U'J 

HiU-boiml; Si-iMin in Frunw, :l.'i]. -173 

H<l*-4l)«T, ftDfcBwr H. 8 . Bnil fiiirfRDB B«(l>tuin on Bhipi i.aa U Plp«». 

11> 
Hlfh Pri-iannt e(8t>>miD lUrincBDi1*ni,4M) 
Brdrnn'ic: ForsLsit al liiiK? BtiifU. SI 
lonllDU al UfLFine Bn^inerri, Autiabl Dlnocr »l tb», 117 
IuMm&tJDiiAl CoDjnnit ol Nurnl ArchiV'(>laaii'lKK''i> Ssgiscers. lil 
Inn tjit m«Bl IiidvKtrlet of Knt-Un.'l.tll 
Ifpu «jiil ei'-el Iniliiuii', t'„ P. Uirt-io's AMrtnio Oj«,<1 
Ja[>ati>»e i^Uiltntv al (ti" G'lri'givhu rrl>«rtltT,U7 
Jai'Ui'a aDi?i:F-<i n; 4 i4iiipbuilidiii>i S'atlon. Itnl BII 
Jubi1aBGDDr«mii.vDlUialnr.CituIJO[iOf OlTll EagiDteia, 11^ 

Lkt>aiir-9«i-lnBTwjli, Tli*tf«e<if, 1 

Ijsndon Obin BepiJrsra' Attoeialion aod ltt< EnsliweiV 9lri>lir. Jtll 

■' Mama," Dlautu to the L'.B. Cniiw. UO 

Mu-ini- Eggijueruig la tb- Ri-yil N'vr 'Dd Ibe UFrouBUle Huii)*, li7 

]iffl.lliaai>I,loa.1 Theorr of Mivi.1 Ai-chiMDtiiie. 1-iS 

"a-Ohuioal Hf()i?4 of A«en«ialDc tha Stabllilr al Sbiiti, A , 37 
tvnl »n;lill»«ii.Bad Uuiac Bit«iBocr* kl iDb ImperUl IOBiktut«, UT 
ll-lal RwTva Eniiown, 117 

ill Bletl aud ilnnilniam in 3hl|tiiiiiain«. 11* 
_ jrafian Goi-e(nin*M on the Burslin* ol Blenn Ploes-'rai 
iok»lB»claa»nIiiipiwiilUaleiii1 (or BoIIet iabell-PUM» Ud FarjinBI- 
lOlwitliilluiitnliaEi 
ehSpCansl'TO'c tli^IIiidK)" Ui'rr to LalKErU. Ut 

SIMmihlpeuildlmlo Japsa.'^a. 3^7 

Ordtrt Iahi thron^b Labour Troubli-^, 11 ^H 

■ Or-ilma," AcaidfOl in ifif Tlllmiy i'och M tbe • •,. 1 

PbolQinaphit Repwiuclloni of Lr.|Dlrl ainfmiipaiailK ObtlMlMi IM 

- roimful " mi '- rprribJc" 6uci;i-ii>ful Tiliil" <fl Ibe, SI 

Profit., from Rh^pljiUMlFii! In Ftuiw, 8!3 

Pnf rei# Af M anpip ]^n[inei?rlll^ , !L'i7 

Pnfriler 8b>lt mada oC Niokel Utwl. t^- 

FrDpoMd13aepeaiiiBaedeiLluginrolih« Brie Caiuii, 941 

rroMMUon Irani fiaratiTig' SWam piper, »«1, 320, (1) 

MMmUmi sI Frct^ Labsur, Sll 

PMtMBon dI Iron orSttel tram Cairo- ive. 41-^ 

IMdCk wUbs ard AaUmiat'o Vilvca tot Bwud Plptt. 113 

)Unk »">il Sia«iiB if XJ.3. SutpI Enginam AbO-lufesl, BSS 

Sapid Rnite U Moiitml uf uuebec, '^OU 

••nl, Sir S.J., uiil Ifi*al Ar.blP-ctulY.l^H 

B^Btive Aiuaotlon nf Mrre Triaimr. VDl 

Bal **!-*• Ooat at N»w -^Lir-t iB Ktt;1«ndaDa Tniaer,3!li,3J2 

BMa'knceof Haivijed nam aaCvmp^nd »itli ottaiTBtBtlFlaMk IH 

HMaiyEBStaaMailDa I'ra^nlBKin, i», IIS, ^>.'i 

SUBbnllUoii AnoitDi uti >1«>il-i'ra.l'I 

SkipbaildlBg Id rba I'nit'd aiaio, a<i> 

~ j»im>raaiid Hblpboildrri ■! I.kw. 3111 .,« n.. 

lOKeaUa of Faxat* baiwwn Great BHtalo «Dd^e Unlud Slat**, m, '" 

•vdcerEaTD-lutiOD of [lit PFOi'alicr.Tbe, lu^ 

_ibflt1) of Ploalinr BoOua, 1 
mU>llilJDl Bhiix.n 
MmI Pio4uGBoa ia ABeri**, Jfl-I 

EasiMi aad tiollen trerioiHlB Cliujcl Bil', W 



BoniBiDry of Ptnn rtiid bi'vra tbn lal^naiional Osaci^^f't Kktkl Ataki- 
tectiand Uarliir Kr^QBUa.l.'iT 

BDIDinarf of Papcis read bEioictbe Inalllution af Cirll Bnclnaara, US 

Eammnrr <it tbi Fimdcai of Iba iDiUtnlian of llailnc l>;nEincri"ll ^tilt^ 
5)5; 

S'orf art Rtiitiaac* In Piikk and on fihiii-, I I'f 

Tartuinatlanor Iba Eii|inevnD>r airlke.'il'il 

I'errlbli' Difui«c tn ttic U-6,<;iaiKi " M,iin*,' IIU 

"Thnubei" and '"Ljni," AQcidrnt k>th».aal 

'■Thrii^h.r'.iid"PbnitoD"'iaC.iliMlan.!»l 

TimetBktD in BuiM atilp- In Knan, 9:^i 

'^nnnj' ol rllrTru,lt L'nLftha. ^11 

VaLIed tiUh'H faval AullioririeB and tfailM EDKlii<ert,9'>* 
Vte of thii Hran Vi'ii«.Lihe In [iitl^nlnf; CIl* Li hm ef Bhl ua 
Vt'UiBtipa «t Waitc Itcni (ram Eicnpinc '-itiva, M9 

Tali«>i for tbc Prei:etition uf Sfiioun L>»-iaier tbroQKb lliaBarallog al 8l<aB 

Pim^B, II J 
Varolhhti W iht Proti^Uitm cl Iron or Hiecl IioCd Cottoaiun, 41B 
VlbutlOb in Iluh-Tpifd Cbanilcl BaaC>,2ir.I 
Wbmi bnoimtriii Wsitt-Tubii MuiIeju. TiieCaube ol.Sn 
Waif I tahc HolltrsBB Adhpud to '.lia Mamstili' M trine, UK 
W»i«i-iut>i; ifultfi in tbe " P-owfrlor* anil ' TDiTible,''S; 
Wiibdnital ol tttf l(erloction of Wortin? Hoiif*. tIC 



ILLU&ia&TBD IRTIGLES. 

■•AbwlDte"eteani Trapi, TbCDuplei" ■r.d,3'ii 

Ao-trlvFwLanpaand Lightini Appl>*b«Al4' <'(>!P'">'1 ^^^ Fatp"»*,i* 
All- Pump, Edwaid'i PaWDl. ^.'it 
Air- Pump, Tijfi fjBTiJaoi) |Tid<^p«EidpD(,^^i 
ArliflcKl Jloriion.Tlie Illnil " U»ii»iillh,"2i» 
AKb«aUt, Dluc, :' 

Automatii; Sa[^l; VnJFr. Tniui'f. ajl 
Auxlllaiy Propiiliiaa for ^lilvDf WbusU. Ae.. 10 
tilaGiman V^wtiti^iLPi^- F»n,'Ib(, ;<7C 
Boiler Tab« giopptr, Tha Mainlkii, :-iin 
Bjoa HitalllaPiwliiii,;, 'lb», ^M 
Bqflc'n ttjiteiiiof VnatilutriQii fai Sibiiiii,, -^S 
•■ Bildib Qaett," IhiiCuiiiird tttuiuif. tAi^ 
Broota'a PaKUt fllram Dniraiiid PurlDfr, HI 
BulkhudK. RRVL,]fla|t Double Uosr f »r Walertl|i.t. IT 
Eunt B\s Bm'id I*ip«. FiobcctiuD fruin.s!l> 

■•CRmbtiA."TheI/andoa nnd NoTtli-\V>EU>rii Ritilwkl C« a (.a. . MB 
Caj-iiD Blcamer," Skill. tika,''iii 
CaiilklaCToal. Rlrit Heid^Vi'l 
" CbcbactD,'- Doubit -t^Ljrvo Ffitt BI#BiDer,3!W 
Clraular Snw Ouard, TCc '- Vil' «i," ISO 

Colililorii leLudM Oil Tniili i^leamtisll'cCanslil-iieni-rial, 1 
Coninsl Vifril«at TvpKei S:etniit hngiim. iij 
Oonpcund Latanph Engine, lcnprui»i1. i .VJ 
CtnTM- And Potiiii-D-rindt*. MJfi 
Covwr-CjliiaCulcI dnlvaiiiainK i*raci-!R, Tbf, ^9i 
CiaiikBud other Bfa&f IB uicd Id the Mertaatili: llatlD«, :XI<i 
CnoMQik'sPalcbt H gh SpHil iiiglDr, 61 
Coaard StMtnfT ■■ HriU^h Qi)*Mi,' liD 
'■ Cyouir," While eti t Bwamar. »so 

DftaUh SiHiD Parrlet-aod loe-BrMUngStMBn-, 117 talM tac dau1d» ;■■• 
piato tupptemcDla) 

Paiidtoa lodFi^iideni Al> Pump.Tlia, )!9 

Dock, Plutmi^ GiuTinK, 1-'>1 

Dacbn and Hirbuiir UuofiJi Tbr fif m Siibcina ol ibc Micitl'i W> 

lIcablt-HF&iled Ulilmi^ MairhiBO, I.LTff. US 

Daub!r-3i.iiivi ^eny tJi«uD.ci " ( licbaoto,'' 332 

'■LMebleB.''TliPiii?i> EiiiL>rn RailsBy Oo '•Bteanier, Wl 

Cn^'i BuJ PiinCer, &iu[>t«> Piteul SltBiD.t" 

" Duplei" and " Alu.ii:iii«" SieunTrBpa. Tb(, 3J-1 

Daplai PumpB, The L, D. Q, (Ju.'a, <■:' 

Edviid't Piicnt Air- Pump, iH 

EJ.'OIOI'Or Jit Pubp. TbF HanoUk, IM 

' BklipUka." Oargu Slcainn. ni 
j Eledncal anji En^DCvrin^ liiKbitiiUDii al Vncatt'e. Tin. H 
I BlECliia PrvpeUar, t^irtable, *79 

Kliclric WaiiUDi, tbv Vulici Prowaa gt. a;] 

BUptrothej'm.i'lL', IM 

" EinriP«»lluacn,"Thc- PiJdIa Btaanwr. \1i 

Bnpiue. Tbt Ilttiiii'iE Biaiiil|, 2b3 

EdifiiicTnc-OtUi'Oii, IM 

EcalKb'E Lturie udiI rwitioTi-Finilifr, Uu 

EMVOTBti-'r, Tlie lUJiij yuBd*!, *!' 

Far.t tnrMaiiau Utt. VenuliliDn. ili 

P<*d-WmtM Filti^r, Kiocaid .i CrotkillV, JIJ 

Fatrj SleULOI" ChsbuelD." liou>lr-*itii«, 3i'3 

Fcrrj ttLtamu --KiontBtTO," Tbe Diniah Sailwar, 103 lal« dioutUi-pHa 
' putemipplemeaTi 

FUrenft ADdn'eB'iqiil(»-ADllBB8UVV«lra, 4)1 

FIsaUBsOrai'iBB DfrU.lf^t 

FiMler'i Aulomalii< aaJtl; Vi]n>. V.n 

^■4^kctibar^a Lifv-Sairirf A^i^lianuva, i'-t 

Oal (aolgiDg PiDCoai, Tbe Cosper-ColH Ould.ZtJ 

aariiiuni^ Lirt^SB*iii|. 173 

Obb Qcnciatori, Kb^'i Pateot Auclilaor, .^OD 

OauE*-Cock Claanar, WUUB*! Patc-Dl. 41) 

01af-I«m.p<, ImproTed. iei> 

Orwaa BaparmbOT. ^ilus and Patd Ktataj. 31 > 

Oitai Elb'Hin Rail-nj Cc '■ BIwuDur. ■iln«tdco,"Th«, mn 

Hancock loipiiaUiri, Tb<. IM 

Hnn'i'OO' Btforing KnKint.Tha, Iffl! 

HalitoiJ I^ckNui, TbF.KD 

I'Hcuaititt " Artificial EoriiOR. Tbr Pi[*ni. 2S% 

Hlckmaifa taliDt ■ S'LAIJ. ' R"JJ«f ViU«c.SW 

Hi|b-9patd KnfUK.Cnctttuc'il'alaQl.M 



IV 



INDEX. 



Hlgli-SjiNdOiiviinSMiiiien. ir*.ler-Tiil>eDt>i.ler>)n, l<1d 

"Hi'tK'lc'''H(MrnBdiiiE8Uat(ht War Valvg, Tbr, :t> 
llulw, Wm. WiiHm tpaitrKti all, lu 

la»-Ulauking Slumen. Ibuiuli aiMuu Pt'trlUL Mlil> lOT ikliD tva iduublf-in[e 
pUle iupplpioenlBl 

iuaiiaitor, BftcMilt)''' S^piieJ. l:l:l 
lu'plT&tdTft.TliBiln.tioualE, Itll 

" Kniwr WiKn'lni der droiw."* ThB Norlh Gebhho lil.syd Twin-Screw 
Bukmer. 177 iklfadoabla-fiBp eI>U ■upi>J>'iarii.U 

Kif'i Pitfnt <ifn*ritars. Mil 

K 1 1' I'll J .t Ci(-.-)i kit'i Plipqi Gti'aspScfaintor, F!it«r •■i^'J Fcfil BaiKT. -V' 
Ki'h»lilj'! Fm-.piii lti*voln«K K.mblt Door for Wni-rliiihl Hulkbsudt, ITU 
"Kjbliinihv-n," The Liuinh, Itiiivk/ Fairj Btriniix, lf.7 [t'i-a doaMs^pig^ 

Iiildlu V, Crunn, Gardon COEtipAnf'* Pum|fLnv Uiiclilnerjt 1'3i«, 91 

Lwuin uid IJ(littiiK A(irli<iui.-«rlDrSblr Uad Dook FurpO «*, Ai/atrlone , .140 

Ijwms. Ini-pTovod Ulon. IGii 

LmRp l)0ubl--II<i«<lvJ UiJlmg:UnGtuii«. 119 

Liniiuli Kugina. lnipror«d Oojiipaund. li'i 

[.i[[ht, St-w Toji-MBtH, ai7 

Laok Nut, TW UeliroiJ, IS(i 

liiriiilaa uid Nortb-WexMrn RaltTtj Co.'l >.*. " Cttintniii" Tbi. IfO 

Mniini' Tips of O I Knolniia. HI 

Uwina Ttiicof "Otio Oil Eaulnt, 11F 

MKriao Wurk, etimpiom loi. HI 

If 0lAaiilUi'< f ortabiv EiMtrlc Pic,:e1Ui, l!9 

JftUliBukul Tcuiamlwinn ul Povct A.laiie Slark WIrrc. »> 

UsiesBUIe Uariae, Ora&k widottiir ftbtfti uui] lA. Ihr, SW 

M^iMj DockiiinJ Hftr^euiBflart.TlieSeTHuliBiue)! tbf, 3119 

Malc&lfaV SpcM lodlnlor, i3i 

MiWlIlr Boiler Tuts Stopper, T1i«, 130 

MbIhJIid I'nckiiir, Tba Boon, ^il 

Uidgel SW&u Tt^p, Tb'. Si 

Uillu- ft Sbkckie^ Hiict-Uoidl Gnulkliit Tool, 111 

HUliBiUaeliiDe, Luge Daiible-UeulAd. US 

Multiiili'i iCciIumni Vulve, ImpionNi, 131 
Micndo] RvBjKir^Ear, Th# Ra^ijo 117 
" Kiiyal " Unull in Fkcldar. JST 
New T^i-Mut Ligbt, i47 

NnrLb-U^riaiin. Llafd T*1b-Sc»i> SUanvr. -Kkim Wilhclm J<t Stoxi*," 

Tie, U'7 ("Uo doHWo-wjB plitf tuitouiueun 
BdI, TbQ Hiliooid Lsak.4fi0 

Oeokit HtMnnors, W»t«.l'ub4 B»ilc» U Higli-Bpeta, 14J 
Oil Ouiv Impruveil. Ill 
Oil Ennini't. MiTin*!^!'**''' '3' 

Oil Tusk I-' 10 am" m, TaeConMiiuncEi nf ColUalaiii to Iiwdfd, IG 
'■OIlo"OU timini'.TIie. IBG 
Piuiiuhe-'B Bat-otr Valve, ^HJ 
PackiDK. " Nnvil" UduIUo. 3U; 
P^iiJiiK, Til- ajoD MvEollic.ait 
Piijitie Hieniner "Enipre^ ijawn." Ttw. (TM 
Pndile-Wli.cl. A Np.. , 17S 

P[<I>u'h ImimMeil Ulow Liiii.fi. Ily 

fomWi; EleQlriePiop«ller.«"' 

fort (it IJgiLinK, Floiicicg (Irinni l>DGk »t tfac, S^t 

Pii-i(li>n-Pin.lrr, Couiw und.Ilfl'l 

"Fuwetfiil" »iid''TeTriliIo." Bsoont 1l'ri«t«ol thaOruianvll 

Pnri*l:B«ii B-ro* , Mmrim? f Jft' of Oil t^mia^^a, in 

rrowM ofBcItiKeioUo*. Siilphqtoijb AnIiydriilr.lII 

ProtiLitaiin fDi S.iJieir Veuvla. Av., Acuiitiitj, tO 

PratmlisEi fiom KuiraiiDii Sluam Flpei. iti 

Pui>ii>. Elvmili' Piteni *iir. i: I 

PifWI'ini! Mji'-ii-iiior!, The 1.. D. (t, Co.'i. 91 

t'limn. Tba ' W»uriii«ial" injIuWinjaBMOi. MT 

UuioE-AaliDn etup ValvF, A , Ilk 

Bftdia Unnd^ ■'Jv&roiiilor. TbP, til 

IlM«ntTli4|..af th«C™i«orfi. "Poi.#rhil''«na-'TB»ibl».'' II 

itcduciat Valvt, JO 

Boduicint Valve, ImpMBnl Idultisln, '.1)1 

RchrlieriktloD, tjolphuioa* AolijdrliluFioccsFaf, 131 

■tF-OtiDmiLi scraishc wt-j Vmln. Ui 

BeUli*BAdv»nU«»»iidDlMj»»nU,j»FicirRot«ri«iidRociBru:illneB.!i»lniT* 
u Apolffd li Ship ProDulsioii, LIS » » "- 

ItorolTinf Dtlihl.i Dour tor Wnterlig^l.l IluHilmii't, IIG 
RWel I1..>*1 Oniilkiiip T'Oul. MilllE H Hliiirfct«V. 3J1 
Ituddor Fitlisp, Hlckmin^ Pkl^nL " X'L ALI.;' SSO 
Rljeiiin Impciiiil Y'libl ■'at«li|irt.'- Tbu, 878 
Bctliiiu ViMHil*, ata., Auillian IToDuliuoci (or. lu 

arliartii ft Iliid>M]bei{|'«StdurliiKTalTe. 3S< 

HoIii.<Tnc> nf tkt Misrter DiHilkiana tlaibaai Board, The tlqw lou 

Scutt-t hMdmHiU'ii DiilJirr Tabs filoiiprr. ar 

Stmrta UkkJ la tbit Sl':'reiiDtil( UariDc. Cruk ijld oUiar, DM 

Slfht-Frttd LLil>rii;B(i>r, 207 

Biiii|il I IiQprcived Tulw rlaum. 133 

SJiLck Wjiv«, Mtfchtnio^J TranirolBHOii of Fowar AlDUjr 2VZ 

" lilci|>n(ir." Ii.v-bw&kingBCiiaiiin', IB> (also doublc-pMit! >li 

uMd Indiulor. MetdAlfi't. 331' 
■tMBpingnforMnrlni' WnTk, 1)^ 
" Blandart." The H u«»u ImiMrial Taebt. :I7I1 
Stcun CJrjot iRc| Pijrifltr, [irvulie'ji I"!!!!!!!!, W 

IMiDtrF-,Tfj«^\ki]"?\]ii«ni?j^iorCi:kl'|jMai3B toXvOAdtd fH Ta&k li 
Hv-anv Pipt^, i'r^-tfi.tinn tram. Buriliaa, MS 
Hlfain. Pump. To*" WaUnroul" I'lilaaun );, Jir 

tltmtDi'rn[>i,TbF"Uiiiilii " uit " AiMolutr.-ssi 



-P»8>i»l«li' iupploafcH 



Bi.»at;j Trap, The Mligat. fli 

Sb.'el. nickel, ^f 

awip VilFt, h aiiiflt- Acting, liii 

StnughE Way VbJt^ TIk Ur^-driudmi;, Jfl 

Bulpbiaraui Autjf driilr I'ivcd'-i u( ICrtriivi'alll'ai (19 

Tank Stcamprh. i'lie (laiumquuncM of CntluiDnatolxwdwl Oil. Id 

-TEriiblF," ELrcent Triulaolths Cialacra -'FoTertul 'and. It 

Top MBit Lijibl. New, i*' 

TrLnarnigbiiin at Pqvct Along Bl<i)t WIipb, ML'ohiinlqa], UQ' 

Train, I3i..- '■ LJQplPV" auil " Abf'i]ule"BM«in, 324 

TubiN CUaDtr. dlTuf.li'E lifipravf'iir 'i^ 

Tabr atoppfi. Ttie He\allii: B(ii]<-[, 'J3» 

-TnrliiQia," Tlie T(pr|-i.lo Bijat.. I.i.i 

TwiD-S'-r*" Sli'atntr,^'CanibTti." aCb 

Tnni-^cirw Sluanivr '' Kaiari Wiilicllu ilar Oro»»,*' y,l lataO-Joabla-ptge 

plate KDji pi' iii^Tkti 
VitcannOII Ga.'bSitM-Fcud LnlincAtor -XJT 
Valvo, fleroD A Amierxin'aUuick A<:UneStap, 411 
Valti!. Uulflple^ Reluoloe, SSi 
Valve. BBdu«lne, M 

Valves, 7>B-tu'6aad Pajuclie'a Sitcly, JH 
\'alvp, 'I'hB Luillo*. 2 

Vaivn, Tlio aeOtin.lina Btrnlsht Wnj, 2W 
Vemllaling F»n, Tlia BlSPkman. jr'i 
Ventilacian qF Sleamablpa, ri4 
Vertloal Alr-Puuip, Tbe tide pan dent, I'lt 
'' V^lc^&i' " CirrulnrBaw Guard, Ibe. 1^ 
■■ Wjittrsipouj " Pulsaling Blrnto piiim[i| The, 54T 
WaWrtiahl Bulkfieaili. Eleioliini^ DauUlc Door for, ITil 
WalT-fiiic iJo-lL-isin Hijrii -So^^'l (Ic^an dlBaiiior*. IltE 
WalmnBFatcntOiiiiBt Cook ClL-auM, *U 
Weldiiij, Till-.' Volt*T ProcpFs "t Bl»flri«, 371 
While BUr awantr "Csninc," iM 
Wliw, HaDhanloat Trasemiailon al Psa-Pt Along' BlMk. 2U:t 

QfiNERlL INDBX. 

■' Abiolbte'' Bt«»™ Trfcpt, The " DuflM '■ aDd, 32t 

Acddi^nlfl ia (lie FrtnGb Ifai;, ■J>7 

AoS^drbt bo the " ThroihoT " and " Lriii." SlMl 

Aceljlnne Lunpn and LuiliLinf Appllaiwwlw aUfHtJ Dovfc Pilri«i«>t 'W 

AdditiaiU la tbr Flvot . :j;i 

AnUl TorpviltK*, 7.U 

Air-pump, Kdnnli' PabiiiL 161 

AitvFump. The Daridaoti Indpiwii<leii.l. Jtl 

" AjulrDmoda " ■nil " Pframua," Tbi* Lounoli ol lb*. 9! 

AdduiJ OonierujtiiOiie, Inmcub'Q' Marfne En^wnM74 

Aunual Dinna, InaUtuW of Uanu« Lnitiac«ri'. Ill 

Annual Dinner or ihe Bnitnl CbiiaiLf>l CfntTv of tbe laitttnta ol Maria* 

CnaioiKin, iW 
Annual MeetiuE e! Ihv Inttitiits 'A Marine Ensinacn, C 
■' AoTantl," a.a., 4 

Apphcat'on ot tbeOoofpoundBteiiiii Tuctiincto the Puniow «f Manns Fto- 

]MllBiaii.Tlh«, m 
"Araoniut.'TtiC Laiuich ol thf, l^ 
Aruioar Platf ind Fienoli-inidP fihi-llj. 291 
Aimaiir Flate Iiinli in the Umi-d biawn, I.IK 
Armammg, air W. G., WlittTonb il Co.. LIU.. Tidt of tbe Inicmattiiul Ooa> 

«n»of Kaval ^rehileet' nnri MiHiig Baginaat^ta tbu Work4 at, ITB 
Artificial Horliini.TliB HMinnlib, iM 
Aib»Ua, lllvr, 3 

Attiluitcof Iho Adminltj, The, M^ 
Aut'jmt,tiii 8»lfl7 Valre, Fafllcr'i JiD 
AuiUlwr Frapalitiuu f9T ^tilinft. Tcti*)', ACglO 
Batllc^blpe t Dt'>ti:g;»>, 131 
fir-ain and Omf, li 
BlaokmiU) Tontllalinl Pan, Tbi>. ^7,1 
$lTth r^ev OrailnK Uock, ^7B 
BailsT Tube aiopnei. Tbc UFtallir. Mil 
"BCQIMor." The DiuaWVOD till', 4*1 
noan HeUallic facKing, Tba, ;f3t 
BotIb'c Bvab'm of VestilalioD lor Hhip<. .M 
ItrtatolObaiiJielCv[in««l ^aliv-iilvM bI UaiiasSngiaccri, Aaniial OlBa» 

ol ths, Wi 
"British Qofon," Canard Stoainrt. (BD 
Brooke'i TaMiii T^laam Dryri and rarjflpr.i 69 
BulUiuds. Rfvoliiii); D'lulile Doertat WaUrdeht, 17a 
Buli'8 Kaial, Tail-Sbsft Fori^ la, 194 
BoraleT'lBeiinal Soldi ring Pislu. iS'l 
^undurS'cBin l^p^^, Prct<!4^ti'>n fr^'in, i'i9 

"CunbAa." The LoDdiio and Nartb>Wratom Bailwar (^o-'i *-<- Md 
C^nunell A Co., LM , Vint of ib>Quren tatbu Worki of U<urL, 31,94 
■" Can opus," Tbr- Ijaunch ol thp. '2"1. 2yi 
Oa.f * Colnii.}'!! lilli. lU 
Oalga Btearorr, '- tklipUka," H;! 
CaiDkiiiK Tool. Ri ret -Head, '111 
OaltbnUan ol Tcalalpv Da;. The, te3 
Ontrtfnf^lPanafor llarlneU'W" S7" 

CtLatbamI>«ky>rd, II, EO,K. 113. 1S,V, I'J.t, UM, »1, U9, S;(l, 4H 
'■ Chiib'ietd," Douhle-Serair Fetrj atcamet, 311 
ClrauIarSaoaiiard.Tbe " Vlchil,' 1M 
OlTllBngin«ni,Ttie Inalitutlaa of , 133 
OsdUni, A KcE^oM, 3S9 
Colli tILetl, SypyatJ UampulatlaEi u', IfS 
0010.11101- Vert I. -al Trm DtStnricit Eaittna, 3il 
ComiNjiind Lnun^^b I^d^^Id-q. Triipri'vd, 1J9 
t^ndition4 End Paj in tbc Xafj. 1&7 

CoD^rrtHa of N'a^^al Arcbiiei:t4 jid.I Marine En; JneeT*, iQttmatlaiul, N, lAI 
ConigixiUfrpc-D^Df ColliaioiiH to Loaded (^ Tank t4(eiaiD*!rp, TbA. IS 
Gourse anl PDaittin-Pinder, J8i> 
Ctiiili^t-CsUK Cold Qalraniaiui Pnccsii*, Tba, M& 
Orwsk and otbat Sbaiu uaad In tbe HrreanlllB Marttia. 3at 
Orloiitaa'i Patent BJah-tipead KagiJU. M 
Omi Mr Trial!, 4n 
CuBaidStnaiBci" Britub queen, leil 



INDEX. 



V 



I 

I 



Iteniib Suftm ferric^ hhi] Ici'-brtaliinE f<tH.iiiat«, 1117 

l>«Tiil*)ii. Isiiteptudent Air-riimtp, ILl- ;t3 

DMdlMk inNi-riLshipliuildmii. The ;u<i 

nBf««l? in f topflller Sbaft". Tvi, »&,! 

DniBT. Vm Bsd eioi., VIaIi 0< iri« Iim-rnKtiDeal Can|Ti:>if at Wnttl Arubi- 

I>M(nijer» (or ti.e U 3. N^'j. 4 '2i 

Opf«nrori af-jL}i!-i i4,fl{], 17, 133. i«s, 331.301. 991, 331, a;a,is-. US 

-Dt*delD. FnrlH.rTflalscftlke.tea 
Diauier EQ ibr r.S. Bstil^lili, " Jiitba,'' Ui 
Dlnawraaibc- B«iiri»ir, ' tC-l 
DMk. BlfUi Neu Qiannir. j;s 

DcMki KDd III bnur iMMrd, Tlie >'<ni S«lienii! nftbi Uenof. lOfJ 
]>iiabl*-B«jd(iI Millii'i; UauhiiK-. L&rff, ILU 
I>?»Mc-6crtw fi-rrj Suimi'i " (.'(icliuoiu." 13J 
•'Dmdni.''Tbf (.Ir^'kt EnilCTH U&iItilj- Ca > StcaMer.aOfi 

IWt Dockt [or lilt jiaieocaii Nan'. -Jftl 

Dneraul Puridrt, l^rDoliL-'f Potitit Sifiir., lt\J 

" Dulles*' ■□<! ■■ Absuluie" Sleam I rnp^, 'Ihi', ;!^l 

InipJn Pumin. Tb* LmilLiiii-, Duiiii, Ctonlon. lJo."», a:i 

IViinioo-MT A_J..oii W "Ut -Tubs Bo Hera, >7 

»il»«rJ'' FuLrnl Aii-TuiaiJ, Ja4 

Efl;«t u( tb« TiiCpntF on ihs Adininlt.T, thr, 13 1 

Sjwior Di Jet Pomp, rii« Baanck, 134 

~ EttipILtt. " CBiga «t»iiiier. Hi 

KlMtrrcal ind BnrilttHaig KihiWtloQ st N«"'m■^lle. Tti*, ^1 

Bleotn.- Foirer m Eminw-rmr TotlisOD tfie MiilLipbu* Sjitoni, 4S4 

Elwrtni^ h.>P*llsr, PorUhl-, -HI 

ElioUn; Weill mt. Die TDJte» I'roCTJsof.a;! 

- £uipn» iJuecB,-' Ihe FadiUc-aicaiiirt', It) 

Knd at ILr FiLrlii iTIia SUtksl, 12G 

EngiBE^rAi'i-uxitiienu. HkTst. 3), <>J,V».n9,I«l. 313, tEl>, 101,311, Wa,13:<,4ST 

EDfir.niiDg Uipputc acdOovaniniait Work, "br. A13 

tnguircrbi Dltfiute. The. 3G>I 

Boip.E(vcint'''n'ilt<>iTbt-MiatuiDD Lab«Di (tanCion In ihc, liil 

Bssine. Itt " CHtf, > Oil. IXK 

Bsslitb'BCour*'' rtod fiiuCiim-TjDdii, aiHi 

ET%p(,iritOT, Thi' Bvlio UCBilal. 117 

Ertiltilieo. A ^t», 4M 

Kthl buiaii. VuJLCisg aciil Fikbtrr. Namei' of soue ot ihe firms EiUbiting, 
Ac., ^it. : — 

■ " ~ " UaLacblui. K. A.. 137 

WilU, W., lie 
Mining, Wiitooo i YirjMi Co.. 

FncvRaui Bra-t, IZ.^ 
BoFle. J. J.,1!B 

ajiifiiiiiiiigpiupriiiirCe.. lie 
SiftiH, OuTnuin d Od.. 11,1 
Slnslsir't mj« EitiCLtuiibiii, KH 
3uWr, Hanmana* Co.. n>> 
Tslnrtaipli Cflikimirlloa ,i UaLu- 

Uiui]i:r Co. , lit 
Triniqi Hi-iU'i^llahlMtv lli 
Wbit])7'i ?at«al LU'liiuij*. I!: 



Borl^ H A HaaF. Lid., 1^ 

Clud.biiRi A aon, IIG 

Oook, VelUin ■ OaniEctl, 127 

B«le'-sbtpWWlBgCo.. 1!J 
Kdw»jiU Brn*,, HT 



FlcmiBg ft ffFtguum, IJT 
H.11.J. 4 E„LH., IM 
BuDilMa Avu . 12* 
Hask* A O . 1?4 
tloliiiptf)'. Ci.inpeaitioiii C»., ISO 
XjqirLo h^u^I E.iifia««rinp C^., 1^ 
Umckiir A Ttunuup. IJ? 

Uanm HotdiiTitfiai Oun To., I2i 
El^tdiluTt nu.l Mvrctnlii* Mann<', NtVil, 33S 
fuincld ehipliuildint Co.. Tinl ol Ibe InlernfttiiDiial C«niie>a of HiTal A[cM- 

E«cta and Manne BnncNri tu the TotIiii of M«b««., LI! 
WVt» tit ilKint Vti, in 
CWu (or JfsrtB* Uie. VtiniiUtlng. uri 
FmWibfc. in tin- Haij diirlnp Majoh, U 
FpM-Watri Pllttt. Kinoud d CrockaU's, Hi 
VttTJ B(4*Bier " aiirlnidlo, " DoaWa-Boraw, nSa 

F»nTB(e»ni«f'Kj.it*rhni,"ThoD«liiaBB»llwaj-, IflT 
ri(t)tiDNMutlDF and PleaTUTe$aotit.3(lll 

ri«ita,.|'thtkiai]LlnF«, i;,Gi.tia, iiti, i:K.Si;,«»,aii>. iM, «z, iih,iS6 

Flaron £ AndcnFii'atJ'nlak-AGtliit Bto|j Valve. 421 

Flcutinf Ontliig Uodi, J.^S 

PnnrnttKiO d( Caiitlci In [be Valet bf ^uew PratdlL'ii at HIsL Fpndi, 1 kr., 

VfslvrsAcumatiuSafFtrrBlvc, Itu 

PlinkenbeTT'' L[(e-s»BiE| ApclianMf, 7S 

Tnacli sd4 BDi-ian KaTita, Tlw. IK 

Prtdclt KanJ M uirvutrni. Tba. IM 

Ttenei S«r»l Nrm, '!(> 

Ftmdi Narj, Tb", ^li.i 

rnneh ShljibuilduiB PniiT«mni*,Tbo, III 

PrvDob Torprdo-BHtn. 3.12 

ruK.liBrT«ilio( tli«"DUdeni," tli 

OU'inliiogpteoM.. Tb- Cowpir-Colei Cold. !9* 

Gannait'. Lir«-natinj. J>,4 

0*a Ocn>i«ior«, Kiii'i- Pulent Arntrledir, lUO 

Oau^t^bi:! Clnnpi, Wataon't FMebl, llli 

Onaan Nml D^ri.anJt.. IS 

Ornnao HaraL Matur-, «0 

OtfMui MiTn! Pr.:enr<,aie, Tbe. W.^ 

O«oian Wanbl p». Ni.—. ol 

Ola* lAIBp!, ImpniveiL, IflO 
Oram Slide Ilul... Tin-. icH 

Onring DHKik. Blftb Ncnr, 3>K 

OnusSqwnioi. Filur and Vtti Haii»r. :;1J 

OnM Baateni Ba^lva; Co.'b BmmFr " Dc.>iln),"Tbc'. iHn 

OuM K. Acneiir. 38 J 

Banondi IsepiialDn,Tha. l£4 

fiaraoa. Hoating UraTiif Dock at tbafort of, 3Bi' 

BuritoB SliEfiDe BbgiiiF, W! 

Hnn BroiLM Trtil-ahiifi. A IM 

HHlth 'A tKr FI«-<. Thr. (ti 

TMieoid L[>ok .Noi. Tlic, ICO 

juch " ActiHiiial Uorifon, Thr Palant. !lt ' 

»■• Pal»m RudiW Fitam?. a"i 

b-Spam ilAgUia, Cricbton'i I'aMtiC, H 



Hl«b-3p«rd Owao SlianHTa, Water-Tuba Bollicra In, 1*1 

BirkSpMda, TbeFoimi-tiouDfCaTitlealn thf Wtterbr floa* Prapellanal, 

" H«lff8»e - Ee-Grlndliig Slraiehl Way TalTf, The. 2i3 
Rcillmati'd Bi-'BNrna, AJaiinti, H 

HupcIouH', Ear] uF, Aildreat St tbt iDlBinaUoDal Congraat Ot NbtsI AidU' 
tfnU Anit tfnnop kkbgiaivAa, IGI 

So« ibe ships inTL- Di'jwwil Id ihe JlorviMr, ID; 

Hull and ll].., not iDs.tiUitl-'n nt Ebfini-EI* anil Nb>-iI .^TcbiMOW. U 

JiiG-bitakmc iJu-niiirTfi Dauiuh Bteam F-'niea and. It: 
Ini[nMfed.Ci]iniH)iinil Laonoli BiiBJBe. I'i'.l 
Imptovel Oil Cana, iVi 
ImpioTamenu InKaTal EDtlnenrlng, Tb*. 1.T2 

Indii-aCoi. ?>Ii?toBlI«'t HpuBd, iU^ 

In^pimtoi', *nir Hincrjcli, li+ 

liulliuie of MaiLn> Ea^ei'ir' Anrkunl CtDrtnaiimo. S7t 

In-itlculu of Marin« Kntinecn' AnniuLl UiiuLPr Lf<l 

InsLitULc ol Mai-iDi' anKiIiHta, AdiiubI Dinner vt tbv bclitpl Otisliaf] CmUM 

ofliie. I!') 
1 ri-'tiltitf uf 31aiiDG Bc^ncarp, AnniLol Iftttiiig, 6- 

Inaittutlon of Ciril EngiDMri. HiigiiuennECoulcnnct. 131 < 

JiiMiLuUm of Civil Englumrs Papeisread brfoii- lb*, MU' 
laeUtuItos »I Oitil Bngiaccn, Th*. Ki 

UrbtuiiDii lit t!:n|lnMn aiidKainl Afi^il«ctB, Hull and Dlattiul. B 
iDBUtutioD 0/ Naval ArcbLtrv46, -I I, 44, ^7 
lti*ubiiriliiiBtliin la Ihe Navy, The lUn'Ct, 311 

iDtuinatjaukiCDBgrcMuf NbtaI Anhi(c?tiBnll(H{it«&itin«(fa,$;, l«l 
ItBliaD tivy Leuna, Ad. UT 
JapanaHBiTy, Xbi.-. J2S 
Jiibilea BevlBw ■( apittiMd, 9S 
" R Biter WUIi'-ltn di^r iJioUv," Tbf VAitb-OnBaD Lto^d Twift-Sotew 

Bt^aui ei, il ; 
Kafe'D IiDprurcd OU Cana, 213 
K>;-aPBi<!nt OeaemtvrhSOIl' 

KiDL'ald 1 Crockati'l Faloit Ormit Bapdrator. I'iltn and Fe*d-Hcat«r. Hi 
kirkoJdj'a f atFDl Ruiol-viaE t>eiible Doocloi Wat«rti>hl BulkhMdi, 1:41 
■ Kji ibeDb m," Thf DaiiiBh BjilH-aj Khtj- Rmbimt. 187 
Liilkv, Liufui, Ocnjug Cii'a Pumping Un^iiinf. Tbt, ■• 
Lampi and Li|titiDa^pUaiiDiia lor Ship and Uoik PuxpoHs. Aoet]tleBe. 3£V 
Lara.pl. InprDred Qloir. \& 
[jitiiBeh BOdTrlaii olCruiaua, US 
Lancob EcjEine. tDtproial Comrouitit. 1311 
LiAuncbeA and Trials of Turpcdo-Jtoiti [>«a:nj«ta, 410 
LeaaonBoriht ManiBuirr*. is* 
■' Life af Htlson.'* hj- Capuia Maban 17 
Lil*-H(i\ mg Applianc-'B, ,i;3 
■ iJpht, Njw TtiwMait. 3(7 
I 1j,h uI Ve().>.Li LuiUicLrd in I S»r. US* 
LoL-k Kul. Tbo Hillcoid, 410 

L.jqJ.iq aiid Korih-Wtet'ra Hull war Co.'i".». " flaa.fcrU,'" Tha, Mft 
I Lubr1i.itor, High.l-FL-Dd, if, 
Luidldw Vttlvu, i'he, ; 

aiacbme I.stioui Qumtioti In Ihe EDgiDeenag Tradaa, Tbc, 91 
iJ.icl>iiiei7 at (he Ki-Tiirx, BS 
Uacbin^iyoltbi g ■, " Aoraogl," K«w. I 
MaeluBia, KelrigeratliiB, (30 

MulLinei., PlecWortliT, 1",61,M, IW, IfH, ■il7,ail,»M, SSe, iBJ, 419, IS* 
Sl*nuht5t<!r ahip Cnnnl. M" 
Manipuliiliftiiof CuIJ 9tMl, ahipvard, IM 
" Maino,- biMLtKt lo ILb L'.B DstHailiip. 4flJ 
Marine Prapiilaloti, ISi 
Uarisc rrupulrlDri. ThB Application of tbc Compound Steam turbine to Um 

PuipoM or, SI 
UannaTipcot Oil SagiiKH, i:^; 
MaElne Tjpf ot- Otto" Oil Engine, ISO 
Mrkriii« U»*9. Vani for, ."l^a 
Manno'Wc.fk. aiamplQtl for. lii 
M jrtrtLanahip in iln. Navj, iJS 
iduLaoliUo') ForlBlilc GlaclrJo Propelltir. m 
Wauhanlcal TiaiumlanaB of Power aloi]gBladf'Wtrea,?M 
Hfrraotite Mariar, Oiauk and Otboi ebiLt«> u-wd Id Itir, 3TO 
MeroinCiU MnriBe. Xanl Erptndltur* a-nd, MS 
Umer D(Kjk> s,d4 Knrbuu; Il<iird, Thg Nnr Cdiamt of Ubi, HO 
IdetaUic Boiler Tube Stnnpcr, Tba, Mfi 
Metallic Packina, Tk» B«oa, 214 
Uatal, rb« PMn-lru.iH 
MaUalh'i Bpead Indlour. S13 
Hldgct fltcani Trap, Tbi^. M 

Millar 4 Sha/kiF'i. tCiFoi-IIfaJ Caulking Tost. UL 
HllUng Machio*, [.uqfi! P"uli If. Headed, IIU 
Mcirjran Paddlp.'WbeBl, 47H 
Mfi". H, B. A Co S aioiun-hlp Circular, 281 

MBHi|ji,aaoa)-htfin, Elootilo Power In BugtOMnllg Woikl ML tbo,414 
Multiplai Re*iiciiig Valve, Iinprov»d, 594 
Mundal Eiaporahir, Ttip Radio, 417 

KbtbI AnblUcLt and Uiince EBdn^cM. iBIa^fntidfial CoUM-aot,93, KI 
Ba-ral Arcbii'fltf, lofliimign of, 41, 41 .1) 

WaTBlEiiglnB»rAp|nilMiBBtit*, i!n. Ill, W, IIB.INS, 111. Me.Wl.m.iM.Wa.W; 
ABTaJ. EDgini'STiag College, The Vrti Wjag ol Hit, tl 
VbtbI SBginoerj and BucuUn Raok AM 
naval BbjIbmh and tbe Jubilaa UaDfrnrB, 114 
^itbI ElqKiiiditursBiulUiTGaiiUlaMaiiiia, ISA 
IfBm Utencon, 164 
VmX MancBUTra. Tbe AnnuBl, 'J\ lit 
" Naral" MatalliL- l^oklBg, ze: 
ITatal PerBHBgl. Tnonaainii tb>. iit 
FiTT'a Coal Gup^ly, Tbc, (6.'- 
Naial VrM Uort.-), :.*SS 
fBTal ttoiranimBvl^l 
Haral Haitaw, Tbe. lU. 183 

Haiy Md H^nl daginao' OIBoiia, Tlia Imraiaci Ui Iba, 101 
»BT7«iiaWli«l«MreH'Eniplij,Th*, -D'A 
Nav^ BB a pTofeaaiGb, Tae, 9i> 
Hairr EiUmaEsa, I ] 
Havf in tlit Pnap>slan. Tba, 134 



Yi 



INDEX. 



Hit; LMti'^ HuitHM, A. Kt 

Non-FlunniBi'le Wood, 103 

The, :\t: 

Ocean Bteuni;rt,Waur<TutwIleiliT> Is Uifb-Spccd, K-t 

Olt Cbm,, ImproKd, il.l 

OtI F^Dsliie-, Uiuinr Typv of. 137 

Oil TkDk SlMmiin. The iTunwijuenDU of Collltiani to Lotdid, la 

Opentigpl oTtlic i:l>itiui>l Fleet. Tlir, IM ; 

Op^n-iionaDl ttit ttvKrrt Plcet.'Jbr. IM 

"(IKo'iDIi Kojia*. Thr. IM ' 

Onr ColDOipBiiuid. Lbe UbTTi*^ 

Oivrlime in U e Dof^kjatdi. 1 3 

Picktig, "Hivnl " UKilHi?. '2K 

PMkiBi!, Jhi B^OT Wotillio, m 

f>4ldtv SMKiner. " ECmprMt Qu»Eii," Tbe, KB 

Pi^ddle-WlMi^l. A N». t^t< 

7«(lf, Komnal ?i>ldcrlac, IS. 

PnrlHiltMkl. 3'tu.', 2H 

"Pmmui," "fyrBiiiut." tna'Ti«Wla(,"Tlir. Sa 

" r^lami." The Trtml* of IJ. ■, ,«» 

Pnnbrolo BctkjwJ, |.>.ei, !■*, ,1S,1«I5. sDiiBa, Ki,lM, 171, «i», tOQ 

riu^inir SLdI-HdIw, a Hn LlntMi for, 411 

Pain's liiirrovoil Olov Laintii. 160 

Farubtc EIwDit PtftptUer. 139 

fwUniButtiDockyiird, 13. tl, ei.nl, ISJ, 131, MS, t80,H), a;il, tlB,Ua 

Poritios- Finder. Cotino lad. Mb 

'■Ppttrfu)" •nJ"Trit1lpl*,"Tbc Kii«nHH«U til lfc«CriU*ra», « 

" Poirvrtul," Tbc rniil* of thf. atj; 

Prt-miajnii to Ami^nc^ii Bh-ipbiiLHfln. Th^. ^<!^ 

Pilutmui Btdi., MxrimTfpa ot (ht KngiDr: 13J 

J'nm'H' ot KafilittTmtiiia. eulfhnrDU'B Aobrdnil c, 471 

Proftca In Cl niter OflDEtnittini, 1137 

Procnx *»I Surinieilaci Ths, im 

TnaMion gf Ehgirea Offlccrt. Tbp. 131 

PrgprlluSbiftF. Di-(Fc;«iD, 4Vi, tig 

PlonuldoD torSUlliiK Vr>Mli.ac.. AlueUIiut. 10 

PtoUftiaD bofti Bu»rtin(8tt*in Pipn, S3Q 

rjoWirUDn ol our UBrlHiun,Tlir. ii-2 

Prat«iinn af HleUDililM' Propellw Bhalt*. 4(0 

ProMcliCD dI SCBum. Bbiiis TQB, ((C 

pullitinB etPiin Pumr, " W>' ns |ioiit," M7 

PoifLp, ^vHrd«' PnE^ikt A ir, :V^^ 

Fiiinpiii(EdnDbLnari, The Liiillnfr. Iianc. Ourden C".'.-. 91 

" Plliuiin*." Tlii> LnuBeh of ih* " Andcomi^a "' ttuS, O" 

Queeu'4 DiuroDd JubiLcr, Ihr. IS 

Quii!li-AellEi( Bur VsJtc. A. 41:11 

Il«dlo MBnOtl Enrontoi, Tbt, II; 

R*-AnBiuiU!Kl uitke Oldtr Ironfluli. Th*. EG 

Haowi OiiB<«B>i(>tiq (o Hew I^nMn,. Tli», M 

BiKtDtTrLiJtat tfaaCauiiwt* " rowpTlul " antt "Tmrilile," Tk», 4< 

n^oanAblvtia^ ib# Cluuuud aii4 UtHiit^rrNLv^A 6quft(ttOfil, IT 

B*LlocineTftlvt.5l> 

Hediiclns VbIt», ImprsTtd HuJCipU^, 9M 

Rc/ngfiatmt MicliiDra. 130 

K«fria(Fi«tlon. )iulpbur«u> Anhv'Irlda PtoetM of. 43!! 

Kc-Gllndtnf; atraiBbl Wrr ValTC. - The Rolinl*,- MS 

BeUtlia Arli'*iitigvi >ad DiudTUiUwfi oI SMut k»dRc<l^«MUIIi| Eera:* 

an A {>iilil«l to >41ijp Pi.ii.uliiiaii, tJJ 
RooItids Double Ddur tor walcitlihl BulkhMd*. I'fl 
ElTB«-l!e<a rnulkilij Tool. 5;i 
KoUtr i4t«ml>oftl, TriiJt of Anallirr. !t3lf 
Koyal VUii te^htllleld.Thc. Sl.tiH 
BoibI V»c1ji, Tb. New, J;J 
ItiiiUul^iildb'nniiFuw, U9 
RudrJ-t Piiilnp, Tbo '■ X'L ALL," VM 
BuBuiii Imptrul Tiehi " seuidu't,'' rbt. Sli 
RUMjou Ni>T7, Tbe, ST. 101 

SnlllnK 7tMtl*, Ac,. AiuiliirT£'''DpiililiHi (dt, in 
BalMTof thB £srin<«T-iD-Cbl«l of 'ht Nitt- )S 
ealicat FMturnctthe Man-flamiQilila Vood, H3 
a>lt lor our tlnrDts. 2n4 
Bntt Water Idt BollcTt. Bl 
a«<r Guard. Tirculir, i-i" 

BdbAJ1«r ni]'] llu-l.^Qt-«j«'»Re^Lidna Vilrv,, ^^ 
Bobeme ^-f ibi- Urrre^ Lktiki imd IlarbDur IloMd, Tti« Kar. Mia 
SoolCttnJ B*Litin>n'* EnilprTnlkt SkipwT, 2![[> 
fcr«w P>gi>?llei> &l High t^pMdi, Tht WntUHOD o( CtTlUp* iin tba WbHT, by 

Shmlla il.L'd Is Ott MsmutU* Usrlnc Onuik ud sUiv, DM 

BiMrnwH D«k)u<], li, ol, 97. in, 18S, 2C),3IU.3I»1, Hi. ];d, at, ine 

HMSald. Thv Eajbl Villi to, »l, S> 

BblpliDtUiiit SnurpTtwoDitiaVrar, g 

HblptaildiDB ProfHik ud it. BinrinMring 8lrih«,2t.| 

6blpbiiil4iii|prasrfHOf ?r<ncFu><I Rnsaia. Tbr, li 

abipbOLtiKTig BeliTC* Dl Umlpd Kiatiom m 1>97. Airufcd ita 0>d«T oT 

ToEimji- Bnili bv t»rh i\im, Buuuuail M, ^'Jl 
8blp CiiiLnl. Uu>cb*ahT, :mO 
fiUT>7>rd MunpuUlioD at Cold ^U«], 183 
Stldl-FFTd Lubrioktor. i»l 
8impJ*i ItDrrcTcd TTibt OUtCrP. ^9J 



SIm Vim, ^fsbasicBl Truiiruiufon si Pawtt Alotia, IM 
'Slaipaw," Icv-BioaklcK l^lrainer, 1>!7 



StUaltQli, Tb* Omv.i tm 
flpaln't n'tirBtv^TOuiibcii.ta. li 
Bp6ti InliultjT, HcKaUe'f, SJ3 
Speed oiflur licjltorcrr. The. IM 
Hpwd vl flut Wuibitx), I'h*. Sli 
Spaid of Bbipi, Tq 1iici««m lilt, 01 
■patd TiUlt or cut Wuibip, Tba, S3 



Btamrlniif lui MarlEB VorV. *i2 

"SlaBdnri,'' Ttie liumin IntixiMt Yaebl. 371 

Bleam ("rjcr um furiUti, Btjolie'" P»I-iit, B* 

.''IMin Pipci, rtiileclion (rimi ltiir»&rg. i'i^i 

Stnia Pumr, " WnUripoul ' PuImiIi^i, Uf 

S-itKa RulTiy FFirirs, 107 

tJWum 8blp Ctmiler. H B. Mot4 K C^.'>. m 

a wamiLlpv' PiypellfrShatlB, Pioleirtjoii at. IS! 

SteLfDkbipH. Vrotdiitioaof. i£ 

HteUD Trxju. Tlic •' Dupl»" and '■ J^hMlptf," 391 

^MUD lYnp, Tbe Uidivt, U 

£lte>DiTilrl>iliF t^ lb! PDrpose of Matins Prupulilon, The AppllBAtlcD tit 

Ccuipoudd, M 
Btnnsj Enipn*, llurllon'f, 202 
■■U(,tieorg»,"WtLe»ii.l- g llrme lie, tM 
Stoken, Btit[nniEblRar.d Blaikunilu, IM 
t»p VaJt*. A Qttlci-acline, *1[ 

Blraljbl War Valtv, Tbe '- Hul^ate " Ro-OtliidiliB. 3ti 
Bubmanbi'lfoaiK. The Marii'n), :±1 
Butpbuiuui AGtijilitile Piocunol llprrirnatliin. 411 
BumraarTof ShlphuilJlng Reluic. of Uaii.d KicgJotD in ISiH mrnoj 

trivt fi' ■tiiioit.f'v built bf ucb Fun, Jul 
Tuil-Sbafi, A He»*v Bt.,d/-c, 1»4 

Tank SicaBii-., T|>t CuDtPsincnc'a DtColIitloni to Wided 0)1, ;<> 
- T«/Tibl(."TheR«ci'niTiiiili ol lliPCiulten, " rowi>f/itl"iiiiil, it 
Top M.-tI.iKht,B.,». 3t7 
Tmpwlo, A Sew, 3.11 

ToTpMio-BDiit ]>».Ui,ye»lai rafifjn Bitrlo*. !M 
Terpfdo-Biat DratioyFif, >eB, 1^: 
Tiirpedfi-lloti iKsiroCfri' Tilila and Launcbfi, ll-n, 3r-9 
Tocppdo-noHi ■■ Tiittiinla," liiJ 
I'DiIwilo \orur DaiUiuiiir'H.OS 
Torp«do, Trii! „( ,a Hew, Jin 
T-DTpCMlii TuMmof ihc "CiiDOiinV' Tl!», 14 
TrnaM CDleriiiiu In i.bc Dnckjanlr, 4i'4 
TramiDgol Sanl-Ctdew. This.W 
TritnJDK'Ot KOQ-CMBbilant Kavi] (>ne*T*, "101 
Tu&imuiloDDf Pover Al«iit eikik Wlrr-, lli;i,'D«Dlc^, itfS 
TrapBiTho-' tiapl»»"' md " Abwiui*"' Swaai, 3;i 
Tcliils ar AcDtluv- BciIliM' SUunboHi, HM 

THali ol Ibc OtulMrs ' PowatfUl " aud " TeiTllil'' ," Tlif R*0VDt, •< 
Trull 0* th« "■ lUmlnain," ■■ PorjiOiW," "RajaJ AiiLur," " Dladtm" 

"Cttae.-ani 
TnbeCltaoar, Btoiplrx ImiRmd. !!'i 
Tube f>tO(>^r, The UcUllic Uollc-.SK) 
■■Tuitiinia.'Ttiu Sppc* ol the, IBS 
"Tttrbima,"Trl.Uo(lhc, 14, IM, IM 
TnlD-'^crvw Stcuncr "CanUrli." ^uO 
Tvtn- Screw BUamcr " I>i.,.Jin." aiW 
TwiD-ecrt's 3'fiiiner "XaiiDi WiLbflm dat Qi(iii«,'' Tbe Nartfa-OoiDi 

LlojO. 37 7 
ITnllliifs* Fui tVu.Quf.AO^ 
Uoloftunate Ha ^Lnu*. Ad. XHt 

UnjUd ataij'i Navitl ki);merii nd tbe Eiecntlte BrMlCb. !>Ks 
Taouiioi Uil Ca 'i, aii;bt-l''i:r<l. IjiiIi>i |(,<i1o<, 1!D7 
T«l*r. ybtOE A Aodrtwri'. Quiet Ai^lloghtop, 4;l 
ValTTiMultipltx Bl ducmR. Kill 
T*]**. lUduBlag, 6U 

Valrn, Fvi-tei aiid P*uclti--v Bofitf . D29 
V»1tc The- HoljuW Bt-Onndinc SlrjiBhl Vty. 31J 
V.lvi.The Iiudloir, :' 
V>nlilJHinE Fan. Th-! BJuckman, STC 
Ventil ^tlDD flf Steamship*, A(i 

Vfrui-al Airl^nif, Tbt Indeprtidnit, :%» 

Vcabol" Lmmcji.-il id 1S07, LialoF. .WO 

Tf>H]a la liic ReiiewiTIie, li)2 

•' Vlotot'-Obculir Sa.irOunr,l,T}ie,.li"> 

Tint lo *b« Cljde ol ibe I numuiiosal Congti 

Marine iEiicio'vr'. 171 
■> Vli^Ht.'' To RalM. (he. lu; 
yDlui ProoMi at bttitrlc WcldiEg, Tbr. 371 
Varrant Rutk for Gmtiae-BniiD Ai^njei?, XST 
Wanblpu in tbt f'at Eatt, lia 
Warablttfor Ji|wn,3D3 
Vaiabi-Ht Nov, B31 

Watson's FaWDtiijui-i^.Coelt CI panar, 4!S 
"WaCeHpouI" Pulxiamf Btrim Pump, it 
lFalcrU|lL< Uulbhciula. RctoIiinE Douhle Dodr for. ITA 
Vater-TUb* B^ilcr^ m Hinb -3p»d Owan SLmi^eia. IM 
'Wear, Shipbuildloji £ii(i:rpnie oa ihc, U 
'n'»1oai>1tDf Horns til* " Sl G«orst,'' 4gi 
Valooma Voluiqe, A,, 427 
Waldlnr.ThaVoltBiPiocaat orziactno, J7I 
Vblta Bur Slaomfr '• Cpario," 43(1 

'V^iM. UMbiuLlcal TrBn<4niaiicn] of Povci Aleoa BUok :9j 
Wood In iMi Warahlpa, Tbu U.M M, SSI 
Wo*J, Win-FJannDatlr, 103 
"Work at IhB D.ipliyirdl, 3n 
Workia^ oul IheBcbFnie, 4t4 
Yacbl, Tbe Hew Ruj-al, »7a 
Yacbilug and Fiibery &alii1)i|(DB, 13& 

TRADE »0TB8, Ae. 

B«Uan,f9.«7. liH, 143. 1»3. 711.37^, :tiKj. ai;. |<hi.43C *n 
(Mr** ajid Swilend. M. 01, iw, I3n, isa, 5j-. »;, »i, .113. sw. 4M, 4CT ^ 

Hatdwwi Maikel Kirpor . SO. I19, 100, liKK, IB», 7IU. B»7.3U!, Ul.aKil, 4!t9. iMl 
Uartey, IS. « j. ID8, Ul, 191, 3S0.s7l.3cl«.fl4«,4oi>,«H,471 
N*Tat Haitm-l'Bkl and PiMpwliir. lU. iJ.W, lU, 1», 112. M3 W.IUO. M?. 
IM, 404 * 

Nortb-WiuLoIEEglind, », US, IdS, 143, IM, ZII, 174. WN,l««.4|h^ wn. 174 
T>Ti*, Wear. Tt**. Banhp.oU. Ae.,tl. 11, 101, IIS, IBO, «B, HB. K«, 144. 1*1 



at Katal ArcUtiiita 



INDEX. 



TU 



■ urtk 

II Gsn. 

1^ Xl<B 



OBITOIHT. 

Aodtnvn, Juaea. lM> 
Btcebrndui. A., 43 
Ceak. OMTgr, 14 
Croutuii],— . 43 
IK-nnUtoD. P*l*i, 4U 
illlitmnfcr.. 11 

llT«llt..I^hD. DM 

Hdit***,^., I-I 

UiUk. IBiiliam Wilun, 191 with pbolo) 

Jonri, A., it 

laUrJ. Joliu, l.]J 

L**!!-, John OrreJl, SIT 

UilDi. Ml AJi'iuder.G.O.B.i ii 

Nieolai.Oipttvii. 3W . 

■'■DfJea. liirlmmet.'tt 

SmU kiv.t, Hubert, 171 

,Willl»tn,:fHi.^rH 

. Itibn HeDilwWiii, iSi 
.TbaodoTF, t2 
.Duiicl. II 

LETTBHS TO THE EDITOR. 

iuDb-ulaiio* (iMHi. •i'K 
MUmmOa Saten atop Viivn, (13 

vf HhIU' Eviiiiea, Ob. tbv, H? 

SiplonvD of SteuD E^pci. H$ 

TarU Iiiqnlil. 3S 

Gsn. LtM-TEmtving. I!i(l 

buaurai of HbtIdo Engineara, Mr. McEsofaroD ABd Ihr, HT 

Uie-Thnrainc Goe. 3U 

Xi«Diilia Ann-FncLiac Metal Cainpaif of GnuC Brltain.i Btuiley . Thfr, 3:,* 

McEjtbMn. Mr . bdJ ttc Institiit* or Marin* Bngiueers, MJ 
Uoifvi P»ddt»-Wh«il,Tht, 178 
Piddle- v.-b(«|, A New.iTM 
Pmpellor Shim, Sort*. 31G, 3£t 

(>iiii'i-AE'iioH Stuii Vilm, A, 179 

SKTvtf St if VaWr. A.UI00WIJ1, (13 

CcRM Praprllci eiiDns. lH6, SM 

B«r*w Pnpellei, Tbe. 380 

Bbtbilit]- Of YwMli, Tbe^ T7 

BUnlr; I' Tb( UiiRtioliii Anil-Piueionlfelftl Co, etatw.t Britkln, 354 

Cltkiii Fii'H, SipJnnon 0', un 

''Toil I'll inarp," Apoiileat on ilodrJ. dii. Hi 

ToTrtps Apcidcot, A, ll.^ 

Vain. A guick-JLi'Ilnt Ellop, (79 

Tail*. Aulaiulic SaletT Stop, IIS 

VcMtli, IbASUbilUi ol, 17 

BOOKS BBVIBWSD. 

I Alde-Memairs dc I'Orn^ci ■it laviDQ, IIIVH (in 

tA«*n«aoPioo«n Vtu BmA (or IHln, Iswrnscioiitl AwiaiJ el ADthoaj't 

[ Pb^V'Krkr'"'^ Bullatis Hid, 7)> 

I AmniiBiiBtii,p W'mdJa» Co.. 310 

1 An^«ii<ie SiiplrLfi4<r4, "Not** ud Wrinkl&t tor, hj Tbvi&iLS^ft^l*^. i^^ 

I Anihueiic uid McDi^iratlon a.|i;ill(d id th« Finit I'linijlrlo Dl Mechaolvsl 

I Boience, EngiiiTeriiii, ty OhirLo* R. Hun iLill . "H 

i AtMniln-QIs HDd ttieir Iicnaniax, I 'tiiii. la, hy Alrrtd llibbbuta, 111 

kBollCTtl.iT Hann? Pur[W"i. WnL(r-TtitM.byL.£.B«tiD.:]l 

|9nK?T'i NsTal Aiinuiil toi 1«II7. lOQ 

1 BruV'IoHiu Bt Sea iind IIdv m Ksi>Air Tbem, b; A. ttltchjc L«uk, (13 

[Bntkb Serouiiilc Uariiif. ■ BJioct Outorical ItciloT. Ibt, 07 Edwu-a fiUuk- 

[kvim'illuiiie Eu^inrez-H' Fockct Iio^ tnA Diarjtai IBSI. VD 
l-CMdwiHaeiriDe/'Muuie >luiikt>er. JS4,^en 

ICfBpu'itf' DIcvitTr? ^"A SiFinsiirs, IdGA, Thf I'iM nsd Elfotric Llt|tilisi;, 'G 
LC<iDi«iiali'ja ABt. l^in.Tba Wutlmon'-.by W. A. Wiltia, IM 
[l>t*cnpiicti ukd J3]»i<->ry of tlifj yiglitiikg EijaJpTutcit of a Man-ol^VaVp 
I NoTil 'G'unDFiT, A, t'|r CapUiMi U, UartHii. lUN.. (11 

[Kteitstjof lUilitar fUo'ila. '"'-"1 I'll* ['niver«al,(tl 
*" BS AnmilanU and Ihoii- Kjmuno^ b)* .Mfiod GiliblDe*! HI 
ir LLiLlina fat Monne Snttntm,. b7>'. t~. Walk.». (11 
UMij SMnanatlDiA UAuaal ot, b)-Li. Lilian Buku, ±01 
1 Boil«t,Tnpl«>Eii>uiuaii. by A. Kilclue' Leatk, (13 
ff, Andnoetio and Uoiuurmtaa-n. Applied to the J^int PrlniliplM pf 
Madiuilcil BczienDt, bf ObarlBK R. HDnlball. TS 
t PscfcM Boak, IBM, Prt<m«l, (IS 
r-iHa&dbas:k,I.cwll't,S«i (M 
It HandbMli, Xfsd'B, by W. H. Tkon. (10 
B«tq' VtacSDOkotFonnalje, ko., Xbt,tif&,lt. K(apt.A.U,I.C.B„*G., 

I and BotlETXi Ttf Practical UaiiiiK«aaiiI<>t, brWin, Bftrnct Lents, 

Dti&«. IbHAf Bn^ineu'i Rewrd Bgoli, I; Brjao 0. BarUcf, (il 
] lodrx, reok'ik by W. J. Dtirii, ift 
rmdE[f«tJicLiehtiDRCoiiipBiu»' Dir*euiry and autdrticE, INflS, Til*, 79 
■wHnc. V*lr« aad >'■!-'« ; A l-ncucat A'MII**, t; Cb.ulufiuin.SM 
Ouldr la ioulli ACrlu. Tlia. 'M 
SaruburG- Amcnrali Uli«, Tbo, 'JI8i 
Ud* lolUinir rbim. Bm kda wni >t Sea and, by A. BiMlile Leaak, (IB 

iIlABd Di»»(c1 IsatltulioDglBiiEiiMartalidyaYalActJiitidMiTraiuaetiaaa 
oTUb, if 

' BKllateiiKTT, B«rnnr>liDEUid, bfA. J. Wallli-Talilcr, C.C.MJ 
Uvn «[ tSoiciiieera and NitbI AlSbJUctt, i^aoiael Ivai ol Uic Hull ud 
Ulaliit'I, :<f 
itivnal Amnjal tit Antliftir'a Pl^ota^rapUv BollTtin. tud Amtricttn 
PnoMB Yeu Bunk (or LBVT, rS 



Dd vvimua 



iBTioWf. The Kloiyof an, JOa 

KiD4^' -■ CDlk'gc, LcindoD, ni 

Ltad dI ^usebina for Ht&lilh and PliLiiiire, Tit. iM 

I^^Mk'g E^mtiiiwT « Hulbvok, ie9, im 

IMa niLl Iiwoliiiah dw EoRlticbeD Spnchf , liy FnuKiaeiu Ukhiitl, 10] 

Lile of Hsiioii, by Captain Mahan, SI * 

LcmdoilaiiaHDrUt-WuwniKJuliiay, ;4e 

"Ma^atlce, CakierVKailt>eIIignbai,!^£(,ld4 

Manual-olBiemeblniySsHnADDblp, A. by D. Wilaon. Barker. 1 0; 

MBrmi!Ennn»riD|;RiJaaiiiLd raBi(:t,Poaliatlleoko(. by A. E. Staton and. 

a. U. BouDiltbniu, Hi 
. Harlns ED^lTMcrt, ElealrlDIiirlitiiil (Or, by 8. F. Walker. (91 
' U'.ntiL- EsEinriit'x PackmLuaBd Diary fsylBfti, Bravo*', i1!> 
Mnriiii> Es^incern,. I'raeiical £dTi<w M. byOwrla VV, RobcrM, III 
Mftjiat' EufjiiUbr^H Dburd Book. BnyineB, bj DrjacC Banler, (4( 
IfariucBteunKogliieiTtig, bylbelaMBii^HidlieiinellBailHriiiy J. Oiaoi, 

(2J,J|(S 
Medianicnl and ClntrtoiJ. Ballway Bn Kin caring, by J. W. C. SaldatM, Ml, 

•261 
Vocfaanicat Eiiipa«Br'i Pocket ItKik, Vliliukn*>. by FJiillF R- BJarllDf, 1(J 
" Mecllaniul WoTld " Pockel Diuy and Timi Hook (or IMS. The. (4« 
MeciHumtion Af plie-J to ib'.- Jml FriccijilM of U..'chaTiical Br^lebce: Ea^lb«et- 

IDE, AnlDinolioand, by Ccarlri K. Hani ball, Vn 
Uarcaatdle Marine. «. Bborl Uiilac^tal B«4-i«», The Biitilli, by EdWUd 

Bliskmen, LM 
Metric Byittm, The. 69 

Naval AmoQal for 1«9T, TbD. ty Hon. T. A, BrasMT. 10^ 
Nftpal Ounnoy . n iJescrtrtiOD anil HitWiy of tbo f iRbllai Equip mint of a 

Uan-Dl-Wnr, byCaptaion. Ciacbclt, K.K , (H 
Hiiral HAnilbook (or IMIS, Ttii! Boyal Taiiy tiiit Diary and. 1(t 
X»vb1 PocUet-Book, The, 77 
Novigaijon, rrnoticiil and TbeorMlcal, by I>, WUmu Bartcri 

AllingSBDl. 78 

yiulicBlTideTabLeaDl tiautical Aluiinai; Ivr ia»H, Ri>n1'a, u^- 
UTorlh German Lloyd aU!».in»hipCom[Jans"«Eii>r™t8Bn'in>, .12T 
Vot.?H uid Wrinkltq (ur Apprtntici^ Ec^lneeTAj by Thomas WaUaM, 303 
Ficklnr Do.,Tha UniU'il S'bte^ Ml^UIUc, Si 
Bft^k'i Eipoil rn.d*ii, by W. J. Davis, 7S 
r'acket-I9»sliD(niuiiuBD|i;iiie«ing Bulla and Tables, by A. E. Seawn uA 

H,M. RounJthTBiis.HS 
foAct-Bcvk. The ^'at■al| 77 

Pecket Diary and Year Book (or IH9«, The '■Mwhanioal WiwU,"«(l 
P-pI^k'<^' Gatda to tbe Maniii? EK^ine, llr>Ad'b, 3^ 
PraiUtal Adrta-lu MjriDe Ensinewt, bf Cburlet W. Robprtr.dl 
Fiacucirl iud Tbmn'Ucii, Knvigntiaii, by D, VUWD Barber and WIDIbb 

Allmitsom, lit 
Pttetiml Enginc^i PodiBt-Boolt, HSB, 116 
IPnc^ical IdAna^eiuBDi of £u|liile* lad Bvil-ni.'n)*, bj Wb. Bamtt Idisn. 

Principal SUT~, wicb DireDlioDe For Rt^ognldng TbBui, TaUt of tbe, bj 

Lieut, C, a. BrcDUm. B.N,, lOi 
Vtcfelitt Whttlt, yi 
Bailnay Businesrinar : Uechaniul and Electrtcal.by J. W.C.naM»«>S01 

Bailwaj Offlpiali, l.V.17, fllC I'nlviTKil li.'ireel'>ty itt, ilX 

Kecotd Eiob, VBlia-MeLLinR, by P. A. Lr)iv, 4HU 

Kie*d'aKii«l[iecrsIIiii(tbc-'1;, by V:. )l. Tbii>s,4lO 

Bc«d^MniiUiKl Tida'Ii,blFa(iilN'>u[iCal Almuiiuj for 19116, (IS 

lt«»d'sPol»lf>I Quidii (a IL« Ha/iDi.' EbfiJie. SSi 

nrlHKrJalme ami iGe-Maktac MacbmnT, by A. J. Wall ia-Tuylet. C,B.. H} 

lio;alNa*ylJrtI>larra&d.Ka<ntlllandlMMikr<iT!iiS4, Tn«. (i( 

SeamaolHup, A Muini^ at BlasuDtary, by D. WIIhd Barker, 91? 

Hblpt' LInfs. T^Un tor CmtlruellBi. by Arnblliald HogS- ^'J 

HULt,, ^-Ith TnttcUoiik ioi It«c<jniIilDg Tbvm, Table of Uu Prlooipal, b]> 

Li*LiV CO. Bfemim. B S,,3IW 
Sleam Boilers. "cjOtoife HalliJa;-, iVl 
Sieam Eneine, The Marine, by the lau HIcbard ScDoen and llenrj t- Otna, 

11:, ((S 
SI Dry ot aa Idtoi lor, Tba. iU3 
*- Straad Maguiiiv:' 1»9 
Table -of the Principal Stan, with dlrectioni for itaosi]irin| lliiiii,A,b7lJleBt- 

COi BrBDlati, B.H.,202 
TabUa liiT<Vn«tnottaE3hi[4*IjiDet, by Arohlbald Bfif t, K 
TtaaHCIioiu it the Hnll uid UIMricl InaUtuuna cl Siitineeii u4 SaTsI 

ArchLteetA, 7S 
Triple-Bxpaaaion EdeIds and Bollen. by A. Eitchie i^mlk, 411 
Uiiftcd aUMi UvUUia Packing Co , Tbr. M 
Oi,!Tf™a Dirrctflry o( RftiJuKy Oftlaal-, IW, Thr^ 411 
Ta]T« iDd Valf a QforiDh- : A Pcaciloil Treati.«. by CbatJti Hunt, iH 
Talve HeUiDg RoMril Honb, hf I'. A. Low, (W 
WHln-Tubc Hollers for Manna Vuipuiei, by L. i;, Bertln. 3« 
Wbt«li. Pr6 Duller, " 

Whinakec'i MuGbanLcal Eagintcr'a Pockrt Bo«h, by Pbillp ^ Bjniisi, tit 
Wotknen-B CompBMalion Acl, lUSI.Tbe. by W. A- WUIU, ((* 
T«u B<K<k Qt rcrrnolv, lio , Tl^ EngJBcer'f, by U. R. Kampc, A.M.LCJ{q 

Ac, 194, 4H1 

PATENTS, fte. 

Board o[ Trade- EiamiAttioii*. Hetnra ol Eug^&Mn Reported tc hATt paawB 
BiimloBtioiit uDdar tbi Praviiiooe dI the WFrchml UuppiBi Au:b gi 
IBM. M.&O, IIB, 1i».llH.'H-l.TA. Jill, 3J*. (11. l+H.IS': 

Bcoent AppUca(ieni< lEc PbUdM ConDecled witb Marma Kogiiuatuif;, Bbip 
CoDstrucliOQ. and UeduB^Joal AppUaDtea lor Uta la Bbipa, !A, 1 9', IIS, 
15!, 31)1, 241,317, 31i, 4W, 44T, Wl 

P1810BAPHS, NOTES AND HOVELTIKB. 

Aoti-AllriliODUllal, S!l 

" Adan." Tbt Loh it lar, ;I1V, Ml 

Adraninfi of Carryiri; i^lci IB PkeM>B|eT Vtiaala. Hie, til 

AdTiceiu Boiler AvtMidaola, (19 

AlB'ricaEi LiBf, Tbo, 337 

AmijicBQ IPreie. Hi', Ij«' 

Amerioui Hhlpplni, 139 



viii IITDEX. 


AawncuL BUp WiBill»M Ca.> OkHtovo*: ^'C 


Rlnsdj'k*,' X^ 




Aninicuu. The, Ui} 


La CouiEaei>le 9iaieraleTruuaIluitigu«, IS) 




Atlantic Chinardan. Tbn, 3i0 


Lady BUpamwr. Tbe, (;i 




Lane BouUB. Tbir, 1^1 




AtUulicPlTac. Tlu K(-«. lit 


Leatt'B Bojal Navy LItE, 1^7 




AtUntiiLiiocTS. The Nfv, 2W 


Leu'k't BnirinetT'i' llandtKxili. iti 




AtikDliD FaaeDsec Trade, Tlie, (.1; 


Liever. Tbe Lata Ur., Hi; 




Auitrtu acpvfnimciil, Ilir, n« 


Umltdd Comi'LUiT, A Dtit, 1^1 




Auitriu Llojil Conlpui)'. Tl-v, WJ 


"IilOcla"M&phiiiM. <04 — ^ « 




B^«(}r<rr'-'PiUT<tSt«.in'l'iaiabi ItKluuinr VkLtc, 311 


LlrtTpMluid (.luiludno StfUniliif Co.. LInltM.Ttlr.M 




fiklUc Canal Tnmci Tnr -i^'! 


UraiptKi) IiiiproYcinenlf. 17 




■'B«e."'TlnTo*ppda D-.tmyer, il] 


UrapaairDdcririlii^it.' Ats^f-litlioD. Thf, 121 




Bl(9.1>-W!e AirnrJ, A, iiT 


■«Dd(Hi and New Voih 'i.'abin TnltK', Tb', ft 




Bo«ril of IfBOu IriQUUi-, ^IS, Wli 


Lioedan and Nortb Wrnltrn KallHa). The, 3113 




Br»>J.a<>Bii. A, )| 


Kail 8U"n)*r». Two Xc-, a^l 




BruiiltiT, :'I7 


Mailas Bci[Ier ManicfniciiE nail Cmotrucliuit, IW 




BFWtu] IXock Fchionr, Th*, Xi' 


lisrinr KcfriiiHT-' binDiiratiA,.. en. 176. till;', 13^ 




" Btinmnif." The OU. <L« 


HarbDK of thi' [DbtilLihgu ol Navnl Arot,iUDt\ llbe. }l 




^H Bntlib iD^sCaiat-sDj'.TbE, isg 


Mucbiil Sliiji. at IIj« NiTiil R»Ti*w. 1 11 




^^^■' "brU^n," Th< VniDD Lloei,;|]B 


KeiMj IJoci mi Harbour B^rd, Til-, Vi" 




^^^^H Qi'DkfrL ^lyjif'. A, ZiV 


Uciiaetiiu UariLunc. Ibr. lAT 
Hilldri, i*V 




^^H brawr.'>Uu'ji»'Eii)[tit"4r- ■'ockel Lns »«d UIWT tn l-^n:. "w 




^^^H Bn^intB AQnouiii.<empr.L IV 


HilKitd DiK'Ka. 4^ 




^^^P C»iiiuliin AuiEnliou R.,,,! m,i1 tttCMnihlp Cfl., Tli», l» 


Mouu Jt Witobsll, HaKT'., 9" 




■ CatuiJiKi Mail 8«niM. rhis. IB 


Naial sodlb'T' Oapiv 116 




■ CuudlsoSarriM, ThaFa.i. SI, KB, IM, tfl;!.!!^ 


Hat<l Ilariev. The Ui^il. 80 




K Capr Serricc, The, ffi.^ 


N«ir l'i-a|[iic, Tbe. 432 




^^^L Cflin Bo»l, A Urut. iSd 
^^^B OacllHUiif, 3be, IJl. ;n!i. IJU, SB'S 


Madarrand Amtnum Hmamallii CuDip.ittr. Tba, U* 


^^^^m 


Hvlailanda AiiKiicnn LiiLc-,Tbf, \i' 


^^^^M 


^^^B CaitlaOainpiDV, TJie. iCU 

^^^r Sf*^ '"'^ P»ki.c Companr, Tbt. ISO 


SidihbonTliaDd <if Socoem, The, IT'J 


^^^^H 


BTair Votk U»di],aTT«.D«Ma Trndf, The. -1-' 


^^^^H 


Nippun Yuwn Sni»bfl, The ^^ 


^^^^H 


^^K Cb«Dncl tiludt C6iii|«-tlHan, Itig, 14A 


SuG,aa Cninpoutiaa. Ill 


^^^^1 


^^^B Cluniw] Iiludi a«mu». The Mi 


' Nord Eipnu,'- 7lii>, I> 


^^^^^1 


^^^M Channel Stcsmei. a Xez. m 


Noith-Xart Onail Inultntion ol Eagtiseen and Bbipi oilura. 


^^^H 


^^^V CUciL(oSb{pbiu)iiiiu Co,, Tbp Ul 

^^M. ClTt! and M*llla^^^■^ BniMnwri' SooKW. Til*. 117 
^^^^ ^kflorJ. Lioul.-imnt, ]k^.lt,, 111. 13« 


131 


^^^^1 


WoTlh.Ofiniin LloyJ Company. Tlit. i!i. :i;< (M 


^^^^1 


Ifarlh-^lFTni-m L1>^}d Eiprara ^tvann'.'ta, Tlw Naia, IID 


^^^^1 


^^H WooiiiignLi.' tii-iitiiilL. TranHiUaiitiiiuiT, TUr, M, JSl CI 


Sonli-Oeiinun Llojd Flyt-r, Tbe. «' 


J^^^^l 


^^H OMRnfUnu fh* AdiiLlr..|», 13T 


RordBfaUm at Launctunt. A, 1" 


^^^H 


^^^H OuOiaid Cempaay. Th>, 4J 1 


■' Oooaoa." Tbr, i:a 


^^^^^1 


^^^V OVsardLtiu, Tbe, 19, HS :18a 


Ooaan Xxcurtiiioii iJO 


^^^^^1 


^^K Canud BtMoMf , -'Bamona," Tbii. !» 


Old ClM«rdr'i An. Ut> 


,^^^H 


^^^K Oiubnu AdwriiHintiit, »■, IVj 


,l1ld abi(i, T<ro, ii7 


^^^^1 


^^K' CoHBiu EU-iuct, Tb'. lAi 

^^H OTCtspa Otment, Ki 


Orieni Carupuj, The. 1£3 


^^^H 


Ptitntta BitsoKTi, 3i9 


^^^^^B 


^^^K ''Cnnrie,°"rhE, lu 


PaolflO Bieatii narlgaHui Co , Xbf. U I2.n, |;I1 


"^^^^1 


FadOtE StMisar for Uic Eaaitian f «n-; BeciM, 'H 


^^^^1 


^^^B Dwi< Beta riivinji, Ui 


Faddla Steam na.xw 


^^^^^B 


^^H IMt^ Metal, avi 


f , A 0. Comf any'i B-Mamtn, Tba. %1 


^^^^1 


^^^H IK'ltaUL'Ul Co.. Umil^ Tlib )n 


P. AO.Canfaii]^, Tb». 132, (?: 

■'Parls,^' The Ax&eri<]hn Llnst, i-^ 


^^^H 


^^^H Diiuten. U, 


^^^^H 


^^^B Duck QaeaiDiu, lij. J«;. m:i 


Plymoulta. f^^ 


^^^H 


^^^H Dovn-OHaod 8enii>c, »> 


Psverful Ifc-Brtaku, A. 'JS:. 


^^^^^B 


^^^H boaforj, WiUJaiD & Sua> LJintCfd.. ^%^ 


PmiCB dI 11»ii>i». Tba. (I7 


^^^^H 


^^^K D>) Ikjc'kfor hvaiiLi.Pi. ^^,■w Iij; 


PobliaationR, a. M, 129. lln, :uii, 2M. aK. BU, 4t*, *S» 


^^^^1 


^^^V Bibioc-UuLlt Bltani«r rur Ihe Ifmili.OBmiaD L lojrd Ciau|«Br. 


htt, r. A. A 0# , UtHc>.. 1 ): 


^^^H 


^^^■f Tbe Xfn , 1Sia 


Ooeni-i DlunoDd JabUa*, T1». IM 


^^^^^1 


^^^B BIwIrieU IniiiMtiT ia Oi pi ColOBr. ttu. '^ 
^^H SlMtftt MaU] WotldxE ttrBdIxaVt, UsUt^d, tnt 


queaaitown p- BimthunpUfn. HT 


^^^H 


QoaatKn «t tb» ContlnDasm ot Uu Balniiiaa l« Ifacuttanl 


^^^^H 


Qmitet*, Tb«-. 42" 


J^^^l 


^^H bUi«»Bi(>Uien-CBlali>|ui<. 4a; 


BailwAT SnciU ldI BUippmi Uatturti l)^ 
BfMid Brtakw. TKc New. :m 


^^^^^B 


H^V Braploymeot U the Boat-, Tbr, tlU 


'^^^^^l 


ftaVTM Fat«| t-ilnn Co . Llmln-'it, Tl.a. am 


^^^W 


InKlDfi^n FEai. An. l»J 


Rffrisarallns and I(*><iiakliu Maclimeir- '"^ 


1 


Exualtmt SutBBdloD, An, 21* 
BsoaianUaai* JHuniiTM, Oiu ol Iba Mo it im 
■•F»M6lay,"5T 


KafrisentaDK Mafhinoy, 143 

Scliatm r.ubricaluii: Oil Co. , Tba, HH 


J 


^H 


Paal Caokdian; Bnvim.Tbp. 4Ki 


RiuhajdUD, M|[ TDDKa*, M.P . aK 


^^^^H 


riwibi.r«ar-BiDii<Ttbaii^.i».!lUeh&n. MO 


Klabaikl^sB, Th.:)!.. ,t: ^aD■, LUolUil. Hufn.. U3 


^^^H 


nfiL.barKHhipliuild»neCoinpiuif, Thr. !M, 1>J7 


Bo-t^flrtBOQ « Outnin, tl'4 


^^^H 


Fvrlj Knot, an Hour, \H 


Bullitt Iloat. 1 DC, ii-4 


^^^^^1 


Fooi-Yi'.jt-oia Wliititu-, .nil 


Bsfol [Belgian Mkil Routr.Tbe, 303 


^^^H 


i'nacb and £im1i»Ii BhiiibuilritBg, 8H 


tta;itl lna.iJlulion, 17^ 


^^^^M 


IMnth Una o( ibo t.ui. TIib, (Mi 


S*lL>t; ATi]iliat<p, A. 1MI 


^^^^^M 


Fjmcli atoaiHpr. A Larju, 1,11 


•■8(.lnt-FirnP,'Tlie, 17 


^^^^H 


l^nub ^LTlt freni Uiii>«niilaiiil, II 


BoindinaviaD (ihiiiavnan and Lab9U.t DlipuiMa. rU) 


^^^^H 


Pin»i(-'li. 2>i 


BvaiaiLive ^i,tbiiii[]'.fn, 17 


^^^^H 


OtiprlandLuir*, Makn., ite 

Omwa! 8»t«iii Ka'iKBilim Co,, Ttii. »« 


BhunVi ,t Oo.'i CaulDgna, »i 


^^^^1 


•■Blfikb," t^ball'>"-i:»ii(biiaujiboaI. AOt 


^^^H 


Oriat Oala.ThF. 314 


Ptu|ibuLllina at UcF^lr, It^ 
Bbiiiniaii'ti' He(-i>'lv al LuDitoa, TI>f. lib 


^^^^^M 


"Orlffob," Tantdo-ftont Doetiorai, 111 
Hall. J, P. A C»., 3^1 


^^^H 


SociiMy ultfuial Ac;'hlleo^4.T^•■ 47W 


^^^^^1 


HambUFj.AtiierEriic Oa . Tlhi-, ttu 


SaDtb Kiirrin Rallvai, Tbv, llH 


^^^H 


SanliBn-AineTlwD Line. Tb«, m, 31 S 


Speed IndieatoTS, ii-J 


^^^H 


HaitMorai 0«Ha, 110, igi 


Staamer, A Xow. :L» 


^^^^H 


Harboar ai Sattuin. Nuw. iS-J 
HeUtn & BnK'k*. LimiUid, »«■«■.. at 


Hi mm Narigation to Na> Voflc iMm LivariKM]!. ISl 


^^^^H 


BtMDpnpnlnioii. A New llewcrl si, 51 


^^^H 


Bsljli.adEoaw, tliBOjJ, .',J. (7 


■Uan TufbiBf Uia 


^^^^1 


Bovbead HiTbouf. ^S 


BtaaBiablp CemcuDT'i llepqrt, A. ^1 
BteamaliipioltbeNtwVopli audL-u«BllaiILinF. Tlir ITe*. 


^^^^^1 


HoBieward Pbrl^f CilJ (arOcrmao Auuncn. Tb*, .IS 


t^H 


Bovden, Jamre t Co , (O* 


4ji> 


Boadan Briwin of ro>o»4 DrkDUhl. Tbn. m 


StiaiidJ^ia tu tba R«d bfai. in 


^^^^1 


laiiaiu T looping ScaMO. It*. tM 

" luttcino Brill," TsTpaao-Baat, SlI 


flbebgUi ol IlAdatii, Sbiua. Taa, IBO 
BubalSiMd Merchant Cniinera^liip. 21B 


."^^^H 


^ 


Iiutiluli gf EDglnaena«d Bhl«hini«n ot Uvaa Kiat. tD 


SntsntrlaePiClroii. IM 


^^^B 


luUlatc ol lIarinaEacinMca,«,M. ]lu, us.*;* 


Siumron. «ru 


^^^^H 


iDjUtntiaa of J^uaioT EnEiDpan, Tli>, 404 
laaUiuiiaa III Nam AicbiWiu., tn. it, tm 


TapMWtl Cbh. Tba, W3 


^^^^H 


T^lwoo'l' Liar, Tbe, 3-10 

Telrerapb Cumpaaler Cable Buoyf. .IK 


^^^^1 


laUruiional CanrUiy. Ad. m 


^^^^^1 


Iriih Mill Sfrrirje, Th( New, 11 


Tebdeti for Tri.fl> porta, i: 
Terrw. The I>ata Mr. Villiaiu, 4UI 


^^^H 


Iron •ii'ilSMt'L Imulul-, U.,t.t. IM 


^^^^^1 


■ Ills ol Uu TVaRli?, Tlir, r>t, )W, V41I 


TbiDivalU Company ol DfBiwar*, rb», H 


^^^H 


H Juhllr« lloDnuri>. Tha, 1H2 


•■ Tbiatle,'' launch of TLp, til 


^^^^1 


V X*lli9ck. C. W.k Do.,. UsHn., IT, liT. 431. 1J7 


Tburajtrufl, M« J. 1., Ill 


j^^^H 


Kin)-) Csllcir. LaoAaD. » 


"Tiinei,"Tb«, 111 " 


^ 



INDKX. 



IX 



Tatpedo Bo«U. Hi 

Towage Aoddrat, A, 19 

Twin^Scnw Stakmcn, f 19 

Tt» Oommlulonan, 3*2 

Union CooipttiiTi The, 41S 

TcntUaUon fMt Uipt, iio 

Vateno ol the Merobut Serrlee, A, M 

Viauituilwcl theold ''fandroreni, Tbe, ^M 

" ViUe de St. Nuklrc." The, 53 

TTitBfTube Boilen, 3M 

Wot Indim ud PulilC Steam IIa*icatioii Co,, The, 51, K, ISl, Ufl 

IThitfl JKpaih ixl 

White BUT Ompaoj, The, 2RI 

White Star Line, The, 119, 4M, 499 

White Btaf Oflioe, The Ner, M 

While Star Steamer, A How, 87 

~ WlNoniiD,'' Ka« Battleihip, 3S 

Wondertal Feat A, 129 

Wortbinttoa PumpinsBiiiino Co.'* Catalogue, 211 1 

WonUncton Fanidne EnglDe Co., The, it 

TuTov ft Co., Ltd., Meun., »« 



THK NEV-/ YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



LiaiCHBS AND TRIAL 



AST01, LENOX AND 
TILO-IH FCKNRITICNS. 

T R I P T /" ■ 



LUttCBt*. 

Aha* DadadMlI, 112 
Adaaa,144 
Admiral, Sit 
Adolpfa Andenan, 408 
Atonwni,i34 
AcincaoTt, 361 
Alleen.147 
AJai. 413 
Alaska, 4T4 
Albatro«,U 
Albioa, 144 
Aldenfaot, 176 
Alert, «Ta 
Aleiuulia, 236 

Alforta, 1" 

Almeiiaa. 311 

AImid>.»7 

Alnmtt*. 147 

Alpha, 213 

Amaionai. 313 

AmbuHidar, 109 

Amptaitrite, an 

Ikniotr. 74 

Annalte,72 

AphiodiM, U3 

Atabia, 832 

Arana.391 

Arbela, 442 

AreTerga,477 

AnonautLH.H. S. ,4 18,4 7C 

Aiwlne.i44 

AtUngMD, 70 

Armliua,406 

Armorel, 143 

AratothCuUe 311 

AiBtDa,178 

AihOeld. 71 

A*hot Ergat, 144 

AMTiian, 311 

Alaconan Kam, 30 

Atlae, 108 

AudroT, 107 

A«B.M 

Arnhfre, 311 

BalgaT. 312 

Balfio, 333 

BanchiA. 311 

Ba8at>,im 

BaMTiar n., 23T 

BaUTier III., 177 

BaTana.331 

B. D. 2. 74 

Baamn Oi«ii|«, 477 

Beaa-ioe,4» 

BalTCnioDi 74 

Banladi, 477 

Ban Lomond, 2d 

Ban Narli, 72 

BaTerleT,74 

BiafO MSCTi, 276 

BoadiBia, 407 

Bodle mill, 476 

Bona. 143 

BoT«ilc.443 

BianHnitiatn, 2)3 

BniUia.403.4U9 
Brighton Qoaan, 147 
Btiluiiia,27 
Briton. 72 
BritOD, 142, UO 
BiltMn*, 474 
Brnca, 237 
BrunUeaTUle, 360 
Bnomati, 149 
Buffalo, 40e 
BalUtaah, H.U,B., 475 
Bote, 4, MS 
CalDwaH, 406 
Caiman, 1138 
C«M«b1»,1U 



Cambria. 236 
Campecbe. 147 
Canopui, H.M.S., 302 
Oape Breton, 148 
Cape Laeuwin, 277 
Cape Otway, 23 i 
Ceptiin, 34fl 
Captain, 443 
Carlabiooke Outle, 3fll 
Carmanlu, 71 
Curao, 144 
Caalyaoa, 407 
(<ataionla,471 
Oathcan Park, 198 
CsTO Lano, 471 
Cele&tial Empire, 233 
Ceracodui, 3fti 
Champion, 7i 
Chautcnar, 312 
Chatham 4:4 
Oheatful, 106 
Cbeltenham. 19S 
Chemaei, 111 
Chicago, 276 
Ohiweietoce, 233 
CldadedeCameta, 112 
Cidade da Paito de ICos. 

477 
CimbTia,407 
Citta di Paleimo, 234 
Citj at Abaideen, 408 
City of LiTOrpool, 408 
CitT of Manehartar, 406 
City of Yotk, 107 

Clan Hacdonald. 27 
Clan MuiTsy, 72 
Clan Uonroe. 143 
Clan Boberteon. 197 
CIua,144 
Cla«»,352 
Clarenoa. 313 
Clougbmore, 9Tfl 
Oirmorant, in7 
Dongo. 27 
Conmgaby. 195 
OoniiDKr Ca>tle,4i: 
Connaoght, 141 
Oonian^aiO 
Conwla, 442 
Contt>l,3«l 
Countara Oadogan, 19; 
Cialtaman. 73 
(ftaig-OoiraD, 74 
Craigneok, 231 
CraigTowaili 4>6 
Crait. 312 
Ciwyl. 349 
Crocodile, 333 
CrurdoD, 312 
Curie*. 148 
OrtlaP'. 441 
Cygnat, H.M.8. 42a 
Cymric. 309, 313 
Daoia, 144 

Danublan, 2*6 
Danntlew. 109 
Sauntleai. 311 
Derby shin. 199 
DeTWsnt,441 
Deusto, lis 
Devonahiia, 30 
Dobngea, 111 
Dora, 186 
Doilf. 108 
Donglaa, III 
Douro, 19 
DoTe,311 
SowniUTa, 312 
Dromedarr, US 
PrurngBrthi ?9 
IhiebaH, 11 o 



DnohaH, 233 
DuchtaaofKcat, IN 
Dokg ot WallingtDn, 474 

Dunblane, 23 

I>unrobin, 349 

Durban. 27< 

BaTnbim,442 

EboT, no 

Eeb", 197 

Edgnball.474 

Edna, 441 

Eddyatona, 107 

Egypt, in 

Elbe, UO 

Elf, 147 

Elltrio.111 

BItvick, 441 

Bmanuel. 441 

Empriu, 70 

Empieis, 332 

KmpreM Queen, 30 

Enfield. SM) 

Eqnatot. 27 

KaeoTt. 147 

EthtOfian, 273 

Eton, 108 

Etruria,195 

Enolid, 198 

BuiekB,ie8 

Euid, 7 3 

Enrapean. UO 

Eveline, 71 

Bfona, 40^ 

Exeter, 977 

Exprees.U.K.S., 389,406 

Fairy, 14H 

Fairy Quaen. 147 

FalmoBlh, 277 

Faraday, IBS 

Fawn. 14U 

Federal, 47 4 

FeDobuTcb, IWt 

rennia, 197 

Fife Neiw, 29 

Flirt, H.M.B., 96 

Florenoa, 477 

Forahair, UO 

Poylemore, 72 

t'ndtjot Ifanun, 311 

Oambia, 441 

Oarrogue, 136 

Ga*iao, 10-1 

Qeorge Fleming, 108 

Qertie, 40^ 

Golden Eagte, 198 

Ooldflnder, 233 

GooUaun, 474 

Oreen Jai^et, 406 

Oreenook. 277 

Orouae, 107 

GuU.133 

Qunilde. 73 

Oypay. 3l 

Oyria. 6S, 74 

HiiiCbl.4t2 

HbUIu. 312 

Uarlech. 71 

Barlingec, 408 

Hircoaiuc, liJ 

Uarmony, 107 

Herperley, 360 
Hawk, 474 

Hay Mr, 149 

Uefga. 26 

HeUos, 144 

llemiaphere, 108 

Hetmad, 7U 

neitha. 97 

llildur, 160 

Hillside, 73 

Hippopotomua. 406 

HobenftU, 476 

Homsay, 4T4 

Hotapar, 237 

Hongomont. 149 

Hal Ping. S38 

Humber, 313 

Hununenaa, 196 
-UylloD. 196 

Id!aho,3ig 

litatxaa, 47B 

Hade U Bcunlon, 14i 

lltraoombp, 331 

Itoani, 198 

Impanal Qaern, 144 

Inaba Man, 148 

Indianlc, 19« 

ladi^iura, 130 

Tnai*T..li'. 2-7 

i,iri:li. iru 

InelaDeld, 473 

iDTergellle. m 

Inland, 107 

Jafla, 148 

Jaaay, 237 

Jay.Ua 



Jedbo^, SJl 
John Bkley, 406 
John Irwin, 860 
John Untton, «41 
Joaeph Thompaon, iH 
Jupltar, 71 
Kuiahatw. 408 
KaMala,277 
KaMalia,148 
Kaauga ICara, Hi 
Kethaitai, 148 
Klldalton, 477 
Xllmamock, 3» 
Kieg Fradcriok, 70 
Kinpton. 103 
Kirk Ice. 233 
Kitty, 142 
Knight Erruit, 40S 
Kaoidiilao, 4U6 
KronoB. lOtI 
Kfanile. 73 
Kylemoie. 11(1 
La^nan, 312 
La Canche, 360 
Ladj Lawli, 146 
Ijady Lewia, 17 
Lakoja, Ml 
Lauoaater. 409 
Largo Bay, 31 
Itfk, 31 
Lark, 114 
Latcbfoid. 110 

Latharua. 73 

Laura), in 

Lawtenny Caatlai 311 

LawJi, 2:6 

Leopard. 31 

LUy, 442 

Linnet, 73 

Linoat, 143 

Uolea. 17 

Lirerpool. 198 

Uule, 403 

Llandudno, 143 

Ix>daa,4ll 

tiOgic, 361 

Lord Daflerln, 473 

Iiouga, 477 
Lovart, 31 
Ludana. 403 
Uaclna, 313 
Magpie, 4TT 
Malliud. 149 
Malta, 71 
Mandolin, 73 
Maoonaaii. 20 
Manidetd, 400 
Mulaii,350 
Haiir Stephanie, 349 
Man, 477 
HMtha,7<i 
HarUn. 143 
Mary Park. 362 
Maya ewer, 198 
MaygniTt. 441 
Maylanda, 29 
Mi-iaaan, IM 
Meridian, 107, 173 
Merlin. 14T 
Metif, 1U7 

Middleham Caatle, 107 
Miles K. Burton, 110 
Uln. 236 
Miugary. 33j 
Minoco, 442 
M. J. Oraig, 413 
Moa,237 
Monarch, 193 
Monmouth, M3 
Montcalm, 141 
MoDlerer, 403 
MontiDH, 147 
MoraTia. 71 
Mauntpvk. 236 
HoigraTe, 13. 31 
Nanlik. Ill 
HBUIel)moe,443 
Nnrport,29 
Mls^rla. Ill 
Nile, 31 
Kith. 330 
Hiralla.73 
Hordfam, 34U 
Mordlasd, 112 
HorthTillc, 71 
Notdngfaam, 176 
Oakmon, 29 
Oouvla, 362 
Uigawa Uini, 74 
O'Sti ,m. 475 
(iJI.'inPoi, 1x6 
Cti^uut, iM 
Oriiu.lM 
Orkney, BU 
Oman, 74 
Otwtll, 111 



y 



IXDEX. 



uhAu, li 

Oiwola, (W 

otlaiii. iiei 
PaiUi. ue 
Puia. «41 

rnDlTrokeCuUcSEO 
PfiudBbiLiB, 26 

tetni. It« 
Plc.atrFaiiFe.UA 
Pigacti, 111 

PUta, ISt 
PIniclB,4l)S 
PlereT, m 
Plo»iir, HJ 
Pluto, 147 
PlTaiBDth.476 
Tori PhEllip, 141 
Ptrrtu«a]atfl-, -I 
Pori VirlotUi. ITS 
pMiidcote SftrmiMiIo. 

fiUii-* Kiiwud. i:4( 

PrJnqQ PcrJinBiid do 

Raiaatnit^ IDi 
frlncen Alltn, 1M 
PrltalWT. MO 

PfoniB. '!• 

PillilBQ. •^ 

Qui-CDHrood. S3} 
RlpidUi. 176 

It»fitu. l-ll 

RrftshJ, 4I>5 
TCHoUte, ise 
Rt\, 37 
R(i, f4J 

Ehann-Slt 
BiaLu, 1U& 
Rad*,4t'> 

Raker. iTl 

nominee. H9 

H(k«1™Cii-'Up, 1.1 

ioloiip, 41:: 
Tloi*!. in: 

RomoB OrUfc. \m 
Kiibv, 10 r 

auitj. »> 

Sau. 7S 
Buiiiv, 14n 

RuilitiKtiin. 216 
8»d.i M«-«,MI,2M 

BlIlKTl. -HI 

^iot LeoDitili., 'M9 
S*ihi<ib. 1117 
Bnllu-l. J.Ji 
SnnDlti Horn, Ti 
flirah Drop {f A, 47 1 

8c*t.ttc. lUG 

B*aU, .15 ; 

6c> Foim, 47' 

OM Kins 70 

SliaUaol, tr< 
Sir Jobn. 1 4K 
flkcnjtcrr, 40" 

Snip*, in; 

8«li]D. 70 

South Afrjua. :!.7S 

eparlnli Prlbc*, I1M 

SiailL-nS, *t2 
Strlti, 441 

itubf, 411 

Si. N>i^. 441 
BlrjLbniurt. At 
SWHOB. IW 

fiuIluVH Luikati 390 
SultOD. 71 
Swil|««, 'I 
Bwitt. 144 
Btlvlk, l«! 
I'Ai'Chu, 145 
Tid-Boku. n 
T«(-Hi,ii. 14$ 
"Taliui^. 109 
Tun^ Man, ^H 



TuuiBnfelli 'HI 

TutaUon Caitle, HI 
Tutu-, tSl 
TfBl, TO 
Tftti*, ii» 
Tliuos, »13 
ThauTL SM 
TtieQanD, III 
'I'li.a 'i'lirlolw, m 
TbtclnsTB. Ill 
Thlntlp. 431 
ThuDiKi. Si»iT, 472 
T'iianlB, Hi 
Tanimaliiw, sai 
Tou tiiuenalti ISf 
TntUBir. :l4e 
TVawli-r Prlooj, !!T,^ 
Tret;oa, ^Oi 
Trstuoct, tas 
TrrnCUuu Hall, IV. 
Trf*llls7, 5: 
Trojui, ns 
TrojiQ, 7 J 
TrcQKaM-, lOr 
T, R. Tbomiwm. 18 
TnortBll, IQT 
TuuEilall. 311 
TiuearaM, IIU 
Uloele;, 3\ 
ULlu-. Mi 
UUltr. 71 
□tvmtaD, 119 
Dtnballi, S» 
UuigeD). 443 
UnoDH, 71 
Urbi lalBcM, Itn 
UmJ& Brlilit. in 
U-lriite*, H.I 
VilpKriilMi, ;ti 
vud*, ::» 
Vander Iiijn. a7j 
V«n 8*ell. ll>T 
VucD Ui Oaiiia, ii: 
Vcloi, 411 
VenaLii^ $du 
Venlnor. :il 
VeaUB, i3S 
Tertuna, :7 
Ti.o<oria,:in3 
Victoria RfgLna, 1«T 
Vlotorian Prinoe, 9TS 
TioU"}. S4& 
Till« da ValrncteniMe, 

Hl<) 
Vlndiutivf. H.H.S., ll«:i 
Vlriio jL)lliiI„, 107 
Vitcama, tl»H 
WBilrin, 39 

WUnn. iin 

WalUum. II 
WslUn Bdlr, 73 
Weutl. 1|« 
WatlncBtt, 4 in 
Wellinjitoit, 111 

VThimlin], l-n 
WMib), 113 
WliiUbkll, IDS 
WMtequwn. 110 

Wllllrtlll^ 3.11 

Wiadhor. 107 
Winlfrtd, 37S 
Ucratblar, TO 
Wrtn. 19J 

Wmiutd, M 
yint-it. 7.1 
VarmpiiLb, 73 
Vaita, 176 
YukaiL, 40ft 
ZaiwliL 2H 
Z«H, I III 

ZnuoTi 71 



VMasu S0t Nuub. 

CmUag Yaihl. 1>» 
Feirr Hosi, 47ii 
Plihliie Btitfl, 776 
Fiibog VA^bl. 30 
Horpet Bsrgu, 111 
Iras. Lisbi.(«i', 144. 1117. 

I>i4btw, 107 

OIT-Sbon Daoka, 311, 1«B 

fland Fumu Dndnr, 11 1 

BmEick, W 

^miu rciTT Baal, 19? 

Xteam HapparBaiB»,in7. 

8U'(iD Liner, 110 
StounTtawUr, i:i 

Ms«l Hcriv Bteuiai*, Tj, 
Itt 



Steel Trawler. IH 
BWl Tlir 71 

Twin-screw Tenflar. 115 

TRIJIL TBIPa. 

Alru DaditclHIT, 1S3 
AdmlMi IBlaa. :a 
Alta. »'l 
iJIiiiu. 154 
AldenhOt. 44 S 
Alan. 31 1 
Alf iJU.dfB. Itm 
AUiiuuB, tu^ 
AJiiha, 3;« 

Audrli. iX 
AnntlV, :s 

Arditnnii, II 2 

AT4Udll. C 

Aiiadae, -^nl 
ArlinitaD, 111 
Aaliaull, '6 
Atlar inn 
Aulne, i'-i 
ATun. 113 

Bt. ^ii,s., sai 
BataTur tl., 914 
Baiavler 111.. Xli 
Bcliidera, SH. ;; 
Ban TlevU. IM 
Bev«rl}. ill 
Bingo Uam, 401> 

aittfis, 31 

llQiirllau. 441 
BciilifoQ Qatea, !J.tl 
Brilonnia, IGl 
BtiftbDUTO, T5 
BrlUm. 114 
BDI>UIetIi.a4I 

Bfltaiv., ire 

CaiULDM^ 478 
CUBhrta, BSS 
CaUll^ut Park, III 
CiunteiuT. 44.1 
Ohihuoto, Sli) 
Tina dl PalenB», 314 
lil^ of Voik. ISI 
Clan ^ac-donald, 7: 
Clan MufrsT, i.SL! 
Csiiiagiti]', ill 

CoDlUcCfll. 11.1 

CTaiftiifnJiD, 2l>^ 

CiiUKDVuli, SI4 

Ctaae. U.lt,8., ITO 

Oren, SH 

Omvl, 409 

Didber, H.U.B., 3dS, 170 

I>j.iia'.lBV, 201) 

iJclpMc, iitj 

DerbTUiira. 300, ill 

CMiiMo, L'7» 

Usdtm, U.U.S., 169. 4:i 

IlDtiroeaa. mo 

Drwdac, 111 

Dr. Huufiir^ Kiosr, 33« 

Duch™. of Unonaliirf, 

74 
Diirb-.-tt of Eanl, i't 
Iiiiaottar Cwll*, 2S^ 
Diibtobin. 478 
fiinwU, ISI 

ektei, II ;i 

Efclip.(jls«. S2 
luiLiprH', 41U 

Elifleld. tllS 
Ethclfaildn, iO-i 
Stailila., 454 
Euro, III 
^v^line, 114 
Exnliior, lis 
PfDcbarcb. ^1 
Fidof. 3t:4 

PrilTJoI NransMi, ail 
Gall>>, e;, 73 
Oallejo, ira 
GaiJu. IGl 
OtOTge Platnlae. Sffii 
4>ipaj,n.M.S.,47( 
Qleiiann Hfad.JSI, i3H 
Cooiklu. 27)1 
OnlliiD. IJI 
Oiidoii, H.M.S.. 11« 
ICiliaU. Ha,ru, 3J 
Harm Ml, ii.i 
llluiitriaui, H.M.S. S3J 
iDKBli. Hi 
Itei Dil. lis 
iMuTl, 313 
Japitfi, I in 
Kinuhurn Mam. 113 
KuaalB, 3M 
liaftillia, iOfi 
Kiwaolil MiTU, 7i 



Riot; FrndArfck. ISE 
Klniler. 314 

Lttdy RoiHrts. ra 

Landuia. HI 
I,Ei:adDdDa. fMI 
Iiaibama, 200 
Leon Pnuilliac. 76 
Looiut, Ft.U.e,,t;i 
Laaart, 111 
Mw-inH. 4(ni 

Mdiiiin*. ;u 

Mandolin. 1 A4 
MaDaa»i>. IIZ 
Uary Park, llli 

Uajdiriri!!. 110 
A)*f nonr. M2 

Umtif. I.i^ 
Midillftiasi CaiUf, lit 
Mnuna, :i 
MvDardi, Bli 
M«nro>II)i. 339 
UornHiI, IW 

Navaoo, OIS 
NnUUk, 1113 
Nuurd lluUnnd, 313 
-Vordlanii, IBI 
MorUifiUv, 111 
43atavt>. 4»» 
OUf, S-i 
Olivemonr, 2ai 
OftviEL, l.^:') 
Oriel, vsn. 
ometl, 'no 

tstllW, 21' 1 

Paciki-r. lou 
Pplarur, H.U,S., Seil 
PlTiion, :iM 
PdiI Albrrl, lis 
pBIt Phillip, ^41 
Port V'leUiiit, fiS 
^Ificc K-lward. 3^ 
QUMDSVOIll. :ii.^ 
llaflan Caa^l?, a| 
RaTfn, 3:; 
UftinJrt.r. ISI 

Rioiaao, ;;ii 

Korbucik. Hi 
Bombollf, lai 
Batletdarn, :3al 
Hivur. 184 

HoytCon Orange, 10,1, 
Hubr, 153 

ttnrbjt, I a 

Kut^ IS] 
Raulr. a.i3 

Saint H(I<D. !;9 
flabkanfa, 1^3 

SaUuit, i;*t 
8o»ptr», JM 
DcH', n.U.M., 4^,114 
Kir Jobft, Ml 
Mr am. ;h 
BouE-li AlrlPA. .1£S 
i^pxCD Triocr. 148 
Slurlor, 16! 
Su'iiiji, sn 

•SUltODi IM 

Tii-Bolo. IVU 

fa<-&'aD, 313 
TefiiiutB*ri-]tarn, am 
TciUr, 41-1 
Ttitrlmeif, :>i| 
TrjinliT l^iDce. ]U 
TraIiroii,47I 

Tttviiicy. ri 

■rioiajj, 11,-iJ 

T. k. TbomWfra. Ill 

TurtiDia. ISl 

Cllar.. -HO 

Ualtx. Ill 

Urtnil*, 111 

[Tr^uli BHaht, jR| 

UKbriiji". ns 

Vuda. ■r.n 

Vm 4« Lljn. ;iia 

Van Snoll, i:g 

Veoalia, 47 H 

Yctana, K 

\laWf. 33 

V 1 1 1 e aeVa I' n u j ennef J. 

VIoiM, H.M.S, »7U 

Vlaiauna, -no 

Vlag, SJ 

WaiaMf, l.li 

'Waktia Maru. 1 

WbIUiu BfII., 1 

Wlumtirel, s;!i 

"WhiiHiill, 3U 

Whiling. H.M.B., M 
'Willjiiini, IS] 
Willsliire, 270 
W,(id«.t. 154 

Voir, H,u.a, tra, ua 

WfTs'.lupr, lis 



,^rrr:5s^ss^^^K;:^s.^^rfc';fas:ffi»firsiW-^^ 



April^ 1, 1 8970 -r'^/ 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



I 



LOSbOH. JPJIJI. J, ISS7. 



WITH strikes looming iQ front of the engineeriDg 
trades &g&iTt, and ^ffeetittg our own branch of 
tho tndnstry moiepartiaularly, it cannot be wondered 
U masters are led to coneicler every poasible opODing 
lor labour-saving toola to endeavour to get over the 
labour diflicalt; and keep tbeir trcide together. ThLt 
fch« present troublo ia over tliie very question only 
emphasises the matter the more strongly, becEiuse 
determinatfoti on tbe einployera' part is certain in the 
loDg run to carry the day. Whether it ie a new 
adftptatioQ of electric power which has recently been 
before the public so much lor shop use, oi whether it 
is a special tool actually showing more economical 
reaults on the day's working, the Goal issue must be the 
eause. And without desmng to enteri nto ths merit? 
of the present dispute, because it is mh judk», it is 
very much to be regretted that, with the competition 
going on all over the world (or marine work, some 
foinxi of arbitration cannot adjuet matters eo that the 
men may be educated to see that improvenienta in 
manipulation, ire noi by any nipans disaetrousto their 
best interests. It is ob\'ious tbn.t if every advantage is 
not taken by the heads of departments to keep ex- 
penses down, labour will be gradqully ouatocl to tlie 
bene&t of tbe foreigner, and then, when it is too late 
masters and men both will be out in the cold. We 
admit that new introductions gometimee prees bardly 
on individuals, When has »hig not beeo the caaa 
«ince the first ateara engiue was invented '.' Yet, who 
nrill say we are not all better off for these oovellles, 
that have followed on since, and are now legion, not 
«vea to be counted'.' They are. in fact, the very ii(e 
And soul of trade. ■Vi'ithout thBrn, commercial in- 
terests would qaickly die. Again, if one field closes 
more open ia proportion. A (act not clearly recog- 
DJKed by the men's organisations is that boo much 
atresE aboiild not be made ryn conhniDg a man to 
one partieulai" branch of work- The system ahoold be 
more f1e!:ible , and thus be ad vantageoiis to the organis:- 
atioo itself. We need not enter into details because 
they are patent to CTei-yone familiar with abop work- 
ing, but if there were more freedom in tbe conditions 
'binding the employees together for their mutual aid, 
10 one Dcedba iaconvenieitced by more modern modes 
working, because tbe rules would meet the case, 
it is now, tbeBe organi stations are bo complex O-nd 
hedged in with regulations that neither the men who 
belong totheni.nor the iiiaaterB — the dominant factor — 
can move. Tbis is not at all as it should be, and it 
makes us ask ourselves whether, while preserving tbe 



Bocietiea as they are, the code coutroUing them may 
not be relaxed. 'Wby, for example, shooJd a lad 
trained in one department not be eligible (or employ- 
ment in another, if deemed competent later 03 in life. 
Then a great many of these atrugglea that are upper- 
most from time to time, would be foimd to dwindle 
down into very small proportions, and the disraption 
to trade not take place. We may be sure of one thing 
ihat our neighboure aie for ever on the alert to step 
in where they find a weakness in otir armour, and it 
therefore behoves men and masters to st&nd well 
together. 

Thb lamentable recurrence of accidents to fine vessela 
when in pott or still water by turning turtle through 
loee of stability such as happened to the b.s. OMava 
in tbe Tilbury Dock, would imply that the necessary 
functions and conditions of stabihty in floating bodies 
13 too little known and understood by certificated 
oMcers in charge oi the Teesels- Tbe Board oi Trade 
enquiry in the above case would appear to confirmthis 
and we are therefore glad to see that the Bhipniastere' 
Society has done what is in its power to remedy any 
snoh want of knowledge by a paper read to Its mem- 
bers on " Elementary Stability,'' contributed by 
Lieutena.nt Anthony S. Thomson, K.N.E., a younger 
brother of Trinity House. The elementary principles 
are very well and clearly put by this author Id susb a 
way ae can be readily grasped by the least scientifte 
auditor. For instance, he forcibly points oat the main 
distinction between the stability at solidly supported 
and Hotitiog bodies. In the hrst case the stability 
depends upon the movement of the centra of gravity 
relatively to a fixed and definite point of support or 
base, and stability constantly reduces by the angular 
disturbance of the body until it disappears, as the 
vertical through the centre of gravity passes outside 
the base, when instability and fall by gravity ensuee. 
Id the floating body the preliminary conditions are 
very situilar. Tbe centre of gravity ia above the 
actual point of water surface support and the centre 
of the pressure of buoyancy may be considered the 
actual line of support which, when tbe vessel ia 
vertical, passes upwards through the keel. But 
immediately the vessel commences to heel, the analogy 
of tbe circumstances alters, for in the Soating body 
the centre of buoyancy travels also outwards towards 
the direction of the heel or eke no vessel would be 
stable. Tfaetraveloutwardsof the centre of buoyancy 
depends upon the outlaid form of the l)ull and its 
tendency to displace water on the beam for any 
given heel of the vessel, and the distance that the 
centre of buoyancy moves out on either Bide of the 
centre of gravity for a given angle of heel may be 
oomparcd 1 3 the length o( a variable and eztecsible 



2 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



[April 1, 1897. 



rigid bua of euppori outside which the vertical 
through tbs centre of jfravity may liot fall if 
stability is to be retained. Owing to the vftFia.tion in 
the height of the caotre ol <p-Hvity due to Icadiog oi 
want of loading or ballast and the variable position or 
tmvel Outwards of the •.untl'G of buoyancy due to the 
special build oEany vGSBel,thestabilityniaynot he always 
reliable cp to certain pregiippoged maximum angles cf 
heel, hut may tend to disappear at saiatl angles, where 
the centre of gravity is exceptionally high for want of 
freight cr bEiHast, even though H niight re-appear 
again at greater angles, or would be perfectJy safe 
when the vessel is normany loaded or hallaBted. 
It would he thus of great importance that each ship- 
master ftQd his e^'ECUtive staff should kno^ whether 
thei'e were any tender angle of heel, when the vessel 
was light, as it would be by such an unforeseen 
<^cmTeDc& that such accidents as that tn the Omtain 
might arise. The only and natural position of a 
vessel at rest upon a liquid, whether standing 
aptight, omitb a permanent liat, is when the verticals 
through the centre of gravity and the centra of 
buoyancy coincide. When they are not so situate 
the equal and opposite forces form a couple 
which has a tendency either to right the vessel 
or to turn it over. The intersection of the upward 
line of buoyancy with the original vertical line through 
the ceutre of gravity and the keel is termed the nieta- 
eentre and the height of this meta-eentre above the 
actual centre of gravity is one form of measure- 
nieni of the stability of the vesael. ITence the nee of 
the centre ot gravity by want of loading, badly 
arranged cargo, or want of ballast, tends to cause the 
metaceutric height when heeling to disappear, and 
the veeeel to pass the limit stability which occurs 
when the uieta-centi-e coiocidee with the centre of 
gravity. All tbesEi points are fully gone into with 
diagrams and formula' in the above^nientioned paper, 
and form most interesting reading to anyone desiroua 
of becoiuing more intimately aci]UaintQd with the 
pkenotDeDK of stability, or the want of it. We do 
not, however. Bee a suggestion of a very simple way 
in which the relative lines of buoyancy and gravity in 
any bull may be esperi mentally ascertoined by any- 
one. If a serice of sections through any hull be made 
and cut out of cardboard, the centre of gravity of the 
whole of such soctions pasted together on one t^entral 
axis may be ruadily ascertained by experiment, by 
finding round 'which point the united cards per- 
fectly balance on a needle point. Of n'ourae, such 
factions would repreeeDt a hull of perlectly uniform 
iljetribittion of weight throughout lis hull, but by 
pntchefi 01- removal of central part of the jectiong, the 
onditiOD of any relative loading might be imitated. 
Xo ascertain experimentally the centre ofbueyancy 



for any angle of heel, that centre is absolutely the 
centreofgravity of the displaced water, and if scctiODS 
of cardboard, representing the various sections through 
the immersed portion of the hull in any positifon of 
heel, were taken and formed together on a common 
axis, the centre of gravity or of balance of such 
aggregated sections could be easily found, and aline 
perpendicnlar to the upper level of the immeraed sec- 
tion and passing through such centre of ^ivity would 
be a graphic representation of the line of the pressure 
of buoyancy of the displaced water. 



THE LUDLOW VALVE. 

IT is a pleasure to be able to bring to onv readers* 
notice something in the way of valves that will 
repay their attention, both froii] apractical and scien- 
tific point of view. The main cuts we present show the 




external appearance, the parts of the valve ready for 
litting together, aud a full section of the valve and 
caee in position. These valves are made in all sLzee and 
for all pressures, and their construction is such that 
an absolute full way opening ig given to whatever 19 
paseiag ttirongbthepi];>(^ to vcliicb the valve is attached. 
Following the lettering, G G represent the gates, and 
these gates are parallel to each other with a distance 
from the seats during the rise and fall of from :3-'>4tb 
to i of an inch, according to size. AViien screwed 
down the two wedges on these ga'es cause them to 
come hard on the seats, while K finds its position on 
the boss castat the bottom of the body. This i:B done 
by turning the nut F. The opposite follows whsn 
this oporatiou is reversed to open the valve, the top-j 
wedge is released from its seat otn the bottom one. 
and all friction being relieved between the t;ate8 and 
their seats, the former fall inwards, and are free 
to lift. 

Tha Ludlow Valve Manufacturing Co,. 9(5, Leaden- 
hall Street, owniug these patents, claims there is less 
wear and tear on the faces of the gates and Beats than 
in any other similar type of valve, and we should say 
this would be borne out in practice. There arc 



AprU 1, I897.J 



THE MAEIKE ENGINEER. 



S 



k 



rBtL9oa» foe the superiority which may aoG at first 
light be appareni., the wedges are mdepeadeat pf the 
sates, aai working betweeu tliem make it inipoasible 
for them to stick fast. Ab the lower wedge first comea 
ia ootitact with the boss in the botcoiu of tha case and 
then fltops, dlrectEy th« top wedg« gets into position, 
its action ia to moTP the gatsa horizontally. There is 
no sliding into place, but they are forced sqtiarely 




ist their Be&ts. In opening, the first tmro of the 
lem relieves the upper weJge, instantly relaaaiiig 
he gates, and before they toaimence to i-iae. which is 
ol&inietl not to be accompli abed in any other nsabo of 
ralve. It will be noticed that this syatem will work 
•equally with preBflure on either gate, that ia to say, the 
SBCli'OU and delirery aid'-'a of the valve are intcrch&age- 
ble at will, which in BOtiie cases may be important. 
Anotiier point worthy of metitioa too, ia that watei' 
cumol ^et ueai the warkiimg parts, and if, theiefore, a 
»e«W« frost coiuesca, (he action is uninipeded. We 



are informocl th«fl$ valves ar& Urgely used in the 
TJ.8. Navy and Sleicantile Marine. For deck and 
iire purposes we show n, sinail valve suited for this 
particulfir wjrk. The mecbauism of these valvea is 
identical; the only difference being tbo stuffing'box 
is serened (M) instead d bolted, and are famished 





eiiber with cap and chain or loose coupllug. Oa the 
smaller sizes the cover ie screwed (L| to case. In our 
lettered diagrftiii, A is the case, E tov&r, C stem, 
1) aluRing-bos, M gland, F stem nut. G gates, H gate 
ring, 1 case ring, J top wedge, K bottom wedge, 
L bolt's for holding case to HOV^r, and M stut)ing-boz 
bolts, and thus reodaruig atiy further explanatioa 
unnecessary. 



BLUE ASBESTOS. 



WV. had the pleasure of referring to this valuable 
speeiality in our last year's April number aa 
an article tb&t bad been found to possess great Don- 
conducting properties. We then showed also, tbat it 
was lifter, and also considerably stronger when 
made intii wool, than that obtained from other asbestos, 
Followiug on these valuable propertiee & variety of 
purposes, presented itself hitherto not anticipated from 
bhta osefoJ mineral. Being bipher and more Sexiblefor 
refractory purposear we uottued tbat it had been largely 
used for covering marine boilers in the form of 
asbestos mattresses or blankets stitched together, and 
the space between hliad with pure asbeatos bbre. 
Adopted almost exclusirely in tbe French and Italian 
Navies for this purpose, the ooavenienee is apparent, 
as it may easily be removed and replaced to examine 
and repair the boiler. For the undersides of boilers, 
where it is prEictically impossible to put CD cement 
tagging, the utility is ev^u more clear ; but now, in 
addition, besides boilers and pipes, where it has been 
hitherto extensively applied, there has recently been 
a new departure for covering the tops of cylinders with 
these blue aabeetos mattresses, for which provisional 
protection is granted. This consists in Stting parts 
of the covoriitg together by books and eyes, aud to 
take any shajie. so that theE& parts may be readily 
connected and separated. If. for example, inspection 



XH£ MAfilNE lKam£££. 



[Aphl 1, 1S97. 



is desirable of & valve case or ctber detail of the 
cylindcTB, here is the opportunity. 

Our illiiatra.tioDB sbow thie system as fitted to the 
tops of cylinders of the E^nighi of St. George, a veeaBl oi 
6,400 toD8, loalotigiDg to the Knight Line o! at«&m ships 
nmning from Liverpool. This work was execatad by 
the Cape ABbeatoa Co., Limited, of 8, Minonea, E.G., 
who are the Bole m&auiacturers of these covering. 
With the large Burlacee exposed on the tops ol eylin- 
derB, amounting in some caseB to 150 square feet. 



4 



other warsbipe have applied the coveriags n, he 
ever, a meaBure of the eucceas which the system 
attaJaed, and sufficiently stiiking v:& venture tothinlc. 
There is evidence already to hand, however, whieh 
showB that the coreriag saves ItB co«t nitlUQ a very 
short time, and if condensation is saved in the cylin- 
ders by its adoption and poBsible knock thereby 
prevented, we may he pretty -sure ae to the economy 
reBultiDg. We have before us acopy of a new circular 
just brought out by the above company which gives 




Ckjmike Tora tjp iub ■'KjHfiirr ar St. Georije.'' 



there must be obviously a great loss of heaf by 
radiation, and it is with & view to prevent this 
loss that this innovation has come about, li the 
heat in engiseroomB may be thus rednced it will be 
a cODsiderable gain to the staff, and the succees b&A 
been such that already several steamers of large size 
have adopted it. At the present time careful teats 
are being made to show what the actual saving 
of coal made really is from the use of these coverings^ 
and we may probably refer again at no distant date 
to the loatter. That our owd Navy, which only 
recently placed an important order tor the coverings 
with (.bese mattresses for a further ten torpedo 
destroyers /together with the Frecch, Germ&n, Italian, 
Spaoiui, Greek, ArgentiDe, Japaoese, Chilian, and 



some very interesting details as to the efficiency ol 
these blue asbestos coverings. 



S.S. "AORANOI" 




THIB vEBul wfta built liv MeREiB. John Eldoi & Ca. 
tbitteeo years ago, ftod was. op to a. few moalbR i^o, la 
■ervice uQdeitth»llagot the NewZealknd Shipping Co., Limitei), 
when it WBB decided to entire); reftl ber And plftoe berwith the 
Xiovtra OXiA Vfarrimooen the CkaBdisn-Auatikltui Go;jal Mftal 
Beryice. Tbe maclhinerf ix tfa« pfodcctifrn of MeBars. Tbe 
VPaUwnd ghipvaj »nd Engiuoericg Co., Iiimited, itad vre 
bftve here & magnificaDt tribute to th? oi.p&bilitieB of that 
nsll-knawD firm. From tb@ dute of pUciDg the order DotLl tbc 
vesisl proceeded on her trikl trip, t> p«rLod of jaat six monthH 
elKpMd. hnd it will be Ackn'OK leaged by ftll wboare in m poaitioa 



AprU 1,1897.] 



THE MAHTNE ENGINEER 



to jndgCi ttifti, oonsidering the dlmeniions ol the engines and 
boilen, khia oonstUtttOB » ranMrliiible perforinaiice. 

Tbe old compoimd eagioeB ood boilers have been entirely 
nplMAd hj tataem triple~(izj>&QBJaD ^'OBineB uid liigb'prcjsaare 
wtl«rB of the Utoet and most apjiTOved OBBign. The dimenaicfas 
of (be cylinden are3^ in., 51 in., sad SG ia., with a stroke of 
54 in^ The eogineR ace at v^iy 9i]us.iv(.- deEieU: fM parts beinir 
ol <atr« Btreagth, i.ad tbe weAriag eartves exin large to meat 
the «pMii»l rei|airements of tbe trade to which the vessel ie 
■□tended to niD, and to redaoe K e miminntii ihe riak ol & 
bre&kdoDm. 

A BpeoiKl feature in coHBection with the atide valve gear ia 
twoot JojBMBiatanl cylinder*, nhinb Eire fitted to the inter- 
mediate and low prs^aarc slide-valvts in order to relieve the 



independeol eoRines, euh engine being capable o( doing ttta 
work, B« bbat one is hept as a atAnd-bj io case of a»ed. 

A special feature- in the en^iie-icoiit ie a latgc Wotbampcon 
A DaWa evaporabor (uipahle of making 40 tons ol fresb. water 

Kf -'i boura, thifl large ijaantity being neeeaaiiry owing to tha 
ig mns between cnliiog ports, neceeaiiating an ampla 
provision (or making fresh water for the boilers. There is alie 
Etteda double (e«d-water filter of Meaflrs.WotherapooD A Daria'a 
make. It ia constmcted in dnpHoato, ao that <ine part ol the 
filter can be cleaned while tbe feed wnter ia paeaii^g throngb the. 
other. 

A See's ash eject-or for dinchargilf; aihes ia plaeed in the 
stokehole, and i« vorked bv nieg.nB of a epeoial verticftL duplex 
pnmp placed in t)as engine- room. 




BtXS AhUebtOh A34 FixrEii to tiie Tors gp ClCJKDBMt OF TSK " KmuXC Or St- G'4SgE." 



weiKht upon the ecccntrioB. Tbey^takethaplaceot theordinary 
bRlaBC(^ pialon neually tittad. Diagrama were taken (totn these 
nlin^BTB om She trial trip, which amply prove the efficiency of 
toia important fitlini;. 

Steam lb gapplied from foar eingk ended boilcre 15 ft. 6 in 
dteue'ter by 1'2 ft. IpnK, having a working pressare- of 160 Iba. 
Tb»y at« fitted with Hoivden's forced dranfihEarrt-ngeinent, the 
air tieiDK uoppliad to the faraacea by n large faji driven by two 
indopendent engines. 

In the eoKine-room n very >coiiiplete in stall uL ion of auxiliBry 
HMchEnery baa been fitted. Tbe main feed puuipB are □( Meaaie. 
O. * J. Weir's well-known autpmalic type. t)ie feed puinpa on 
tbe rokin enginsa havioi; beeo diapcDaed with. Workiii); in i:on- 
janotion with the feed pumpa is a feed heater by tbe same 
■naken. 

The circal&ting pnmp is of the centcitiisal type, made by 
Xtamn, Dryadale A Co., of Olaigowi and ia driven by two 



Tbe propeller la fitted with blades of manfraneBe bron^.e. 

The engioep on trial trip developed 4,1*50 H.P. when rnanine 
•t S3 rovolatiana. and worked without e bicob daring the 
whole trial, aod also on the paaeuge from (he Tyne to tba 
Thames. 

Indi^tor diagram^ were alE? ttkan Irom the Whir's feed 
pnDip and the centrifngal circalaiing pomp. When tbe main 
euginee were developing their msiiinum power these diagrams 
sbowed an I. H.P. fur the fred pump of 2^, und for lL« centri- 
f-ieal circolatinti pninp of :!0. 

Bpaide» BUpplyiDR llie new machinery, the whole of the 
ahipwork betweeu the eiigjne and boiler-room btilkhcada in 
connsotion with tha eujhanKe gf machinery, ehiitio); of bulk- 
head, renewing nnd rearran^jop the bunkers, praparinR the 
new ^eate foT the mvw en|i:iiies una boilers, <vp., was carried ont 
by the ablp repairioc dep'a.r)iiient of the enfiine bnilder'e works, 
which oonititDtea su important branch of their bDsineaa. 



THE MABIKE EKOIKEEB. 



[April 1, 1897., 



INSTITUTE OF MARINE ENGINEERS. 

AN-NL'AL MEETiNG. 

TUK fcuuaal mEutini; <jf tlie lunitute of Marioe Knprineera «na 
held on UMoh 13tli «I ibu Inriilute premiief, oH, Bomfoni 
'Bob il. Stratford. Ur. Al^erritaii Ktdd iricC'pnBid-e&t) occupied 
lti« okbtr. 

Tbo h.iul. aei?f«ti«rj- {Mr. J&meB Adamaar} re&d the eightli 
%BDit&l rvpatta! Th« CoudoU, wbioli itatfed iii't^j Mia that ibo 
inBictt J^WT. which rloBiti on Jnodary 3Ift, bad been prosre viT« 
in rvBDCOt lo Ihe tacreasing membtratiip end to Ibe iucioawd 
rnrilitini eivea to the Junior section, while the pApers kail dia- 
(lUTivKiTiEr httd hcf^Q fall of intt'rert and valuta, nod tbe poriai 
evetrta In fODDeaiion witti the IiiBtilute bud been null np lo tbo 
•iBodanl of foroier years. at Ifust. The uiemberehipat the ttoatt 
uf tlie ^Dnacial jFsr stcodat li031,made upas f<illo<n^i<;^7H3 
11 iHaociale, 7& aaaociabar, S5 giradiii.taB, and HI coni- 

|i vrie^. as eoRipared with tfao pi«Ti(>aB year, ta 

ir n.1. Kinc-e The la.9t report the loaa of 1.^ rDemlrieti 

i> I utthapjitly to h» recnrdad. Beven papera, besides 

k'l I ." ■ : I apMiinl HUtijarrlH. had baen read and diBCiiwad. 
Mr ii>ij> I 'i^Lii had papers ia prepftratioo were desired tacom- 
muiiii uk- nitli ttiB coDTener ae HQon its potaible tO' admit of a 
ejllabuB bf iag nmo^d and piiabed well in adTB.nc:p, thaa itddtcii; 
to '.hi; '.'iiiiiraviftio* p( nil c(jnremed- Tbe oontribaiiona from 
n- ' - Abera w^re n^t ao Dumfiroa^ na id foroiOr veuSb 

1' <<r gnAi i&t«r«at io Iheir " TrAtiHactioua " to K^to 

[be toiuttri'f "( the papflia by «ea>i;;ois^ membera, und od aab- 
JBOt rijqP ti wbich tbey were rtLmilinr: Booh pttpera shaold b« 
distiflifte of the Inatitale, Intereatin^ papers tnightbe written 
iiii ths com pa rim a of aister v«BBeIa — of aimilar enpiaM id diS^r- 
ent aiiipii Siiii) oCh<e>r cutnbi nations in difTpmnt ciroaniBtaDcea ; 
tbe beh&Tiour of eDgioea, 6h.i[i8i and propelli^ni in at! weethera 
and uodur diTeccbt inamgemeDt . Xiieaeand uniiDj other aub- 
Jacta, and ilao origiaul Biig^g^fitions, plara aad amtDeemsDlP, 
wore aag'grated for ijonaideralitm. The dl'Ilwing ^laaaea liad 
be«n carried on dnring tbe aeaaicn, on TneRdays and Ttiaradn^a, 
by Mr W. J. fioweet Brett t laetarea had beoa dalirered od 
occaaiobal Tiieaday eveninga, and io order to preaetve tfaege for 
the geucral beinelil, t^Teral friends b&d giron donatioDS to form 
Ji rjieciaJ fund for pnblishjng' report* in conaeolion witt Iha 
Oruiuortr aectiou, to avoid eBfrciadiliig on the g'eneral ftmde of 
tbe loRtituie. A depat«titro fram tbe Cooncil bud an iDtaniew 
with the Technical iDftrnctioD C<3inniitt«9 (^ Weat Hftm in 
Der«iiDber, wh^v tbe olaims cf ^D^Lfteering and tiiiv»1 sr^bitec- 
tarewfre nrgpd upon their Btt«Tition with Iho otijeotcf obiaining 
the belt possible recogiiitioD of the higher ticientiic «4Jucati'0c 
being plauL'd within the reuch of yaun^ engineers in the 
TechDical College about to be ere«ied ia Stratford. Beeom- 
meodatioBB made to the Bonrd of Trade tbrea years ago, on the 
aubiact at tbe mlniTnani iioallGcatioDa necsMory foir engincera of 
ibe Uercantila MnrtDe, had not yet been actually adopted end 
paaaed inlo Iati. but it was hoped tb»t, in tba intereata of llie 
whol4 GonitbTiDity, the poittt-s 'aapeciall'y rocommeQded waaJd 
BOOd ha pnl into fore^. Thera wt^ro indicatiniiB that tb-e Preai- 
deiK of thp Boajd of Trade vaa dealings with tbe qneation, nnd 
tbey niiglit lorli: forward in tbe jjablication of a Bill abortly 
which wouid include tbe followiog potola: — Minimmn Berrioe in 
tbe norbehop of bra yeftra • tba iDtrodaction of a tbitd'ClHH 
oertIGc«te; the neccaaity of defining tlie meaning; of N-H.F. ; 
nad ihv lecaKoilioa of tbe «D^iceers aa cflicerji of iha nbip, 
asd M eucb the r?pi«ecatalict of the engine dopartmeDt on 
■Dqairiea affecting chut department. The Coloaial PgrlimaeiltH 
liiul bad under i^onaider&tioo the aabjact of N H.I'., i-^aal ideation 
of eDgJBMra, ard other nnttera, and the teaulta had bei'ii in 
many reapecta aatisfsctory, although they tnigbt not agree with 
ell the CerniB of the Billa pissed for the Oolooiea. I; whb 
Kratifjing to obaerro that the subject of t>ha eiiKioeera of tbe 
ttoyibl Naval Eoaerve nal baing dealt witb in (he Naral 
latimales, The PreeideoCof the InEtituteAnd othera interr^ted 
in the aabjegt were Ut hf cvDgrstuI' ted on tbe fact ttwt ibeir 
efforts had 90 fur met wiLh i^oogoitivii. Thf' nppointment of a 
repr«ifrlatiT6 ee(;ine«r on the lio&rd ot Admiralty appe&rod to 
be moat deairab!e< It was a natter of (^nngratulntiim to the 
Itjatitnte and ihecoutitry tbat tbe Director of Naval Coastraei ion 
had been reatored lo baaltb and duty, nod it was proposed that 
8b William H. Whila ihouid be elected a life member. 

The BDC-Qal report of the Brtatol CbanAel Centre bftviog also 
been read. 

Mr. Kpbsrt Leallri the booorftry trraaar«r, pteaoDted tbe fiuan- 



ep«i 



n'ittl atfttenieniror the year ended Jaimary 31st, 1897, whiohcn ths 
wbole Bitowed, be asid, a healthy at^&ie of aSuire. He might odd, 
however, that since January Slst the Goal Doticee which had been 
issued to ihe defaulting members had brought in n oonaiderable 
amount of ancani, so that the Infltituta now itood in a 
much better poaitian than it did aome mouthe ago, 

31r. John &^k(^ propoB^d the Adoption of th^ annual rep 
and atatement ctf accCiaut«, aad said hu thooght that memben 
of the InatitQte had every reason tC' be Gatiafied with tfaa report 
preRented by the Coancil. U fnrniabed very full iufuroiatioD aa 
to the work of tbe Instital« daring the gjitst yeftr. audthe batnncs- 
sheet, whidi, by tbe way. bad been ancliCed and aigned by » drm 
of chartered nccountantH, would etao, he thought, be deemed vary 
aBtiafacborf, Tile leembers of this lEiBtitnte. unlike thi! members 
of noma kindred eooietiee, n^re diatii bated o?er a very large acfua, 
and be was glad Iq find that the aoinual report had been drawn 

up aa fully Bpd with euoh care, beOSiiiBe their f«1lo» memben Sit 

h^meaiid nbioad woold read with niaeh ButiBfaotuiB tlie par> 
licalart ^v^n of the valuable and uaefnl woib tha.t naa being 
done by ibe lastitnte. 

Mr J . E. E.lm»lie aeoonded the raution ^ai eipreeied himBsIf 
eapecnnlly pleA»ed at tbeprapoBitioa to elei^L Sir tfiJliaoi Wbit« 
a lifs'memlier of the luslit'Qte. 

The tnolion waa unamaiaafily ndopled. 

Profesaor Elliot then proposed a beauty v»te of thanks to Sir 
Edwyn Daw4-«, the retiring Praeideat, for bis cervie^e during the 
poet jcbT. Tho record of tbeb retiring Preaidant'e term of 
office had perhaps been, to a oertaJn extent, unevBDtfiil, bat it 
had bieo marked by sound aad aura proj^ress. The Iniatitute had 
elected as its pr^sidanls itien, who allboTigh noit engineers, had 
beeo diitiujniiebed in connection with the dBvelopment of the 
marine policy of this country, aad looVint? back at the cloeo-ol 
Sir Edwyn Dawes's proMidBncy. he thought tbey wonld bo aU 
agreed that that ooane ha<j been fall; juatiSed, Sir Edwyn 
Dawea hod on maoy oocaBiona played an tmport^t part in the 
develop men t of the marine piJicy ot the Merc: at. tile 2iIs.rinB, and 
he hMl ehown that it was not neceaBflry to Liu a profeBaEonal 
pAliTtoian in order to fjive eipreaaion to a goand judiimeDt oo 
national or potonial affaire a.B tbey were aEfeotad by the develop- 
ment of Ibe Mercactile Marine. There waa no donbt ttiat ibe 
coQDtry at Urgs did not appreciate tbe ^iteot to wtiicb it waa 
indehUid for ita advunce and dofeawt to ihc Morcintilie Maritie 
and those umneoled with It j and biLTiDg rcgaid to the in- 
debtednsBB of the wuntry to our raerchant navy (or its food 
auppEicB, tb* injportaoc*' of this matter in ight be brwflght homo 
to the irihabitiiDta oF theac inlands in thft erent of war in a 
terrible faahion. Sir Kdwiti Dawes had brought the ahipowiieM 
into closer tonch with the marine engineers, the intsreats of the 
t«o being identioal He had much pleaiura in propasing this 
vote of (hanks, and whilo wisbing their lati.' President long lifa 
naii proBperitj, they woold ventart)- to remind him that be would 
still bn a past President of tbe Institute, and they Hool-d alwsya 
bo glad to weloome bis kindly 40-ap«ratioD in the yetrs to oom*. 

Mr. (iaird aeMraded the motion, wlieh "ft* otrried with 
4Colamatioo,and tbe hoD. BBcretarj" read the follnwing let 
wbith he had jnit received from Sir Edwyn Dawea : — 

■'23. Ureal WinoheBter Street, E.C., March !Oth, lft'<7. ' 

" Dear Mr. Adamaon,'— I believe toy t*rni ot office, na Proai- 
dent of tbe luiBlitute of Marine EDginetra. eipireu this month, 
and I OBEinot allow the occaeion to paaa iriChDnt espreBaing my 
ainrore thanke for the very faearty Buppott 1 bave recoived from 
the Council. Mr. Taylor io the flocial event*, and yourself in the 
perfon^nce of the very plea^ftnt dutioa which have devtjlvad 
iipOD me. 1 bad *«tne misgivinga when acoepting the invilatioiii 
but it baa heeu a. j^ieat pJeaaure t* rae Ci> d-o what little I could 
10 ndvBDoe the interest)^ of (bn ioatitation. wbioh is fulfilling ■ 
most useful and indeed a national work. I shall atwaya take a 
warm inteieBt inihe proceediDg.B'of the Insii tote, an<i heaiLily 
wish it oentin^ed saoceaa. — Toura tnily (signed), Eowvii S. 
Dawks." 

Mr. X. F. AaUand. in proposing a rote of thanVa tp the 
o£ce bearers and Coancil, »aid tbe repgrts whtah bad beeo 
prafiented tb&t evening denoted prdgTeaa and good work or 
a very marked kind, and this work eertuinly raerit«d acknow- 
Udgment at tbe handa of thn general body of mcmbara- 
Referenee was mode in tbe report to tbe queition of engineers 
in tbe Soyal Xsval Reserve, and tbat question was a moat im- 
portant one. because in tl!io event of war breaking out wb 
oartaiuly shauld not Uck ships but we ahonld luck men. 
Engiaoeca !n the Roysl Naval BeaOrve eboald, tberefore. bars 



etUnL 



April 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE ENGIKEER. 



k 



I 



t 



I 






>!■« opportaaity at irorkiog on board her Majfttj'ri rc»ae1i. 10 
th«t in tiai*a of titaerg^ncj ibej woutij He hblu ^ do ttwir duly 
in aiu^ti a. way a.a Ui ba ol th^ be<t a»rvice ti) tb^ir cDontr^. 

Mr. J. 0. Ilftwthora accon>d«d Ibe ntuLi^D, And Biid he cauM 
■pa^ from persnn&l eiperieDce with ri-gHi'd U> work doiro hy th« 
ia»inbaia of the Council, for in the earl/ bigtacy ofLha InaciEolB 
b» hfld the boDoar of working on theCouncil for three »D:oc«iai»« 
jears. He knetr the namber of hoara that, vere dev(it«<l bj tli« 
Cotuicil katlie work of tb« logtibate, atid IbecarDSRC and be&n; 
food Mk-wahij) nitb nbich all hotl woi ked tonetber, bftTing odIj 
oae object in Tiew— to c&rrj oat that wiiuh woa best in iho 
iBt«reatl. of th6 Inatituta. Engineera were a tuijjrHlorj- race, 
Mid ie wu theTEfane ABUntial tb&t there Ahunld ba ibe faileat 
tooBdeaoa Id their oBiee b«ar«^ Sinna mraibe'ri did 
not gtt to tibe lDjtitDt« oriao io 12 montbe. sad tha cotiSdetic«, 
wbiot) viai shotTD id tboae ealra«ted with the mantL^meab t^d 
•TBTf member of Cooocil to take speci'tl care thitt eveiytbing 
iru curied out in h regolar And proper uiBDiLer. 

Tbe propM«9 wu carried auaDiDi.0U8ly)Bnd Ur. J, H.l^anieon, 
the cbMrnMKi qC tbe Cbimcili briefl; ook do w lodged the vote. 
A. Totfr of tbuikfl to tha •uditora, piDpoaed by Mr. F. Cooper ftnd 
lAooikdad bf Mr. H. C. Wilaoo, was &t ojice ^t»Ad t(t, M' wae 
ako a aiaiiJap oumpliiinotit to the bon. aolicitor, pro^iad by 
Mr. Lealia And aeooaded b^ Mr. SI&^d. 

Ur. John AdaraaoiL, the convener of tbe EdncatioD&l Cofa- 
mittoo, ia the oodtbo of sotaa remarbi on tha irork of tbe Institnte 
ID regard to technical fiducatiuii, aiiid :— Ton will have nolinid 
that 'n'ith the cooeeat of the CoaDcit. nho, I am pleaeod to aa^, 
were ftlweja □naaimoai, we made a slight (iepartara ia the 
en^neeritill and drawing ^tiuBeB. We.opeu9d the ^^eeicu 169S 7 
with a Bocial « veiling lor uaGmb«T8 aad! their UieaAa, B,n(l, asjoa 
mmj be aware, it waa a oonplele Bmrc^HH. We donbted the 
Domber of etudeota, wbn, onder the tuition of Mr. Bielt, bara 
made good pragT«aH. I felt that the educatio>ti&l depfcrtniHiit 
alwold bB broDghb into tba fiiregronnd and iiat l«ft in the taaok- 
frovud, and to this onit we ictradaced lectures on ooc&BTODal 
Toeadaj BTeningB, whioh were appareDtly much appreciated hj 
tbe •todrats ; and I wp^ld her9 take the opp^artuaitj of thanking 
Ibeaa pntleiaAD for helpina me with their leciuiea in niakii>K 
tlua MlaioD a taeceag, and of real educbtional tbIii». We intaQ-d 
in the aMsion 1697'8 to co-Dtioue tboss lectorM, and, if poiiiblci, 
Id baEin iBBtfaeniaitira.1 okeaeB, bat we iire hamperpd for mone^. 
The fundi of the In^litDte, for a very good reason, are not 
arailabiB for Cbis parpoaei and I would eippoal to laiiTidunt 
tnembera to helfi oa tocarr/ on our odaciLtional wurk io a, m&Dnar 
be£ttit>K thia great inatituticn. I look upon the gradiiut ^8 with 
T9TJ inii«h the Ba.me Qjeft &« a churob looka apoa its Saadaj- 
•tfhciol Bohel&ra. Their ufracitttions with ttiLs Inatittite are fDrta^d 
whan ;oanff, acd thoj cwar forget it, and Ihej will beoome tbe 
backboii't of it when n« are no longer able to carrj it on. We 
ong-btloaocoumge tbe jronng to joio. and also make the Inetitute 
pICaaaDt, and there ie no ba[t«r way uf doicK thia than by 
making it an adaeationat centre in fact aa well as ia name. 
GeoLlemen, the Technicitl Injlitute whicrh th« oouncil of Wa^t 
Bamaroxi^eljbaildiug, aad irhich, I am euro, baa tbe aympathy 
sff thia inatitatioj), will fill a muobpeedtd wnnt in tbij Urge and 
KtAiViiig camiiianitj. 1 trait tbe Tcobnical ContnitlL'e will see 
that it fnl6U the high pnrpoae for which it ia boilt, and t« do thi» 
lltef muet a.imata bigh Btandard of eddcatian. Tia rodiiDentarf 
oorrkialnm will anffice. Ihny niaat not forget that is thia 
diaCrict there are maD? en^ineeriuR aud other eetablifthmeDta 
nbeire monster ironolada are baiLt fir thia and other GoTorn- 
mmte, where eng-ineering and chemical aoisno: are an eTer^day 

gra<*ioe, and which have helped eu Itirgelj to- baild np thi* great 
mpire. If thia Bupremitoj iq to be oontiDOud thoj must edaca'.o 
th4 tUiag ft«nBmtiJ>ti to a high jtandird, apd I hope the day may 
not be far distant wh«'n ongit)«c<re muv be lumed out of it — tbe 
pn>|>uaed i a«ti»jile— for the tiavj anil'tbo other branjiilm of her 
Majeaty'a aorvico where enitineerinf! ecifinee ia required. I am 
■iur« that if ihe Ti<chiucal Committee aim at thia bif^h Btandard 
uf edncation the loatUiiteol Marine Eu^Ineer^ will do Its uttooac 
to belp theiu in their elforts. 

Thr! icratin^sra reported that the ballot for the office baarara 
and CoDJiPil for the eneming year bad roaulted in the dection of 
ika to\l,*ibgt—Pc*aidenl, Sir. J. Fon^'eciic Flanncry. M.P.; 
b9n. trt-iniift-r, Mr. B. Lpfllie, hoo. Bocrelnry. Mr. Jamoa Adam- 
aftn 1 niemberp of Counoil, Mr. J, Bifjimore, ilr. A Blair, Mr. J. 
Ilallcob, Mr A.CiiniphBll. Mr J Riphiirdw.o, Mr. F. W. Sborry, 
Mr. J. T. Kmitb, nnd Mr. J, H. Thomson ; boo. minnte aecret^Lrr 



16 was alfo reportfd that tbe Brietal Channel Crutru had 
cleettd Ibe folfpwing : — Pr^gident : Profeaeor A. C Elliot ; »ii-e- 
presideeila; Mr. OnTid GibaAD. Mr. T. W. Wailoa and Mr. J. P 
WaUiker : rdpreaentB-tiTa to Conncil : Mr. U. Vi. Aisbitt -. hou. 
iraaaurir : Mr. A. E. Smithaon i hen, vm. : Mr. George 
SIOKgctt ; committee ; Mr. J. Chellew, Mr. T. A. fieed. Mr. W. 
SuoCt, Mr. W. Simpson, Mr. H. G. Symondi, and Mr. B- 
Williiamaoti. 

Ifr. r. Shorey informed thf meetiag ibat a deputation trom 
the Cffiuicil of the lastituba bad waited upon the comniittce 
connected with the new Technical laatitute f^r Weet Hsw, wheu 

the TiewS of this Injlilnte on thd Bubject Weio very til aarly px- 
|iBtD«d by Mr. ForteBdiie Flannery, M.P-, asd from tbe kindly 
spirit in which the depntatiou nna received be tfaongbt tbe 
inlerviaw would lead to lome good remits. 

At the instanco of Mr. W. C. Roberta a hearty vote ol thanks 
to the obairman for presiding waa pa«[»l with lOheera, and 

ITr. Aldermau Kidd, in ackuawled§cing tho votti, said he was 
ainay e prepared to da what he ceroid to B«rve the Juetitiite vf 
Marine EngLueere. Bvlerenoe had been «ia<te to tb» propoa^ 
eatabliehmcct of a third engtceer'a Oertillcat^, and, i'sving rogU^ 
to tbe great dereiopment that had taken place in tnaxine 
EDgmaeriDg ainos the preaent raki were framed, he thongbt it 
nbeolutely a.sc«Btiary that BOme Fefnrco on the lines a'iro^ated 
by thill InBtLtnle should be carried odL With regard to tbe 
T«chnicBl Institute now in coarve of prect<ori tor the borough of 
Weat Ham. tbe eipeniia before it was ficiHhed would he aome* 
thini; Vilie £50,O0C>, and he was in bupea that it would be started 
pre<!ti«aliy free tnfa delit and bt^Te aa inoome of ig-nnetbing like 
£f>,M(f B j^ar. If the work -cf tha InstitTBtS' waa carried oat in 

BDj thing likea proper eaanoir tliere wonid be an oppbrtuntty of 
seearing tha i^arrloea of aonia of the beet aDgiUGuriug profeatora 
of thie day, ereo i! they had to pay large aonis for ChoBe aDrTJcaB. 
Be thonghli it would be a calamity if. in cnitnectioa with thia 
new iuatitute, tliey went into mere elementary work ; they ouirht 
to aim at samethinit fnr higher, and tbey ci>ald not get tliait 
which they ought to hare withtiat paying lieBVily f'ar it, Tbe 
deputation from this Institvit* of Uariue Englaoere "a» receired 

hj tba commttl«e with, nil the rcapMt due to iach a body, add 

if thajr bad searched Koglasd thtoogh thej eoold not hav') fouod 
a ntsn who would hnve stated tbe oaefl of the Inatitatc better 
Ihun did Mr. FerteBcna Flannary on this oooasion. Ha would 
remind tbe gentlemen present, bowBrer, that tbe oonaoil of the 
new Technical Innitute waa cumpoaed of iS Ttiembe'rH, and there 
were "aomo of all Borta '' There were tome memtwrs boldini; 
BDoialiDtLD yiews, who npporentiy wanted to give tbe n)ad- 
aweepera tbe aaoie pay ae wh r»ni7ed by tbe borough engineer ; 

and althoDgb tba men of thie claaa nCre not jit in Ihe majority 
they were ^adually gaining Btreii.gth. Ha craated, haweT«r, 
that tbe members ol* thia IsBtitute and every reapeotable voter 
wonld takeau interest in Ioi'hI aflaiis, and aee that they kept 
Huch men olf tha ODUncil, There v&g nothing d«6ntle settled 
yet with reK^rd to tba application by tbe depaTatioD from the 
ItistiCDte of Marion Eogineera, bat be did know that li^for« 
anytbtag was Mtlled thern would b^ aaothar tuMtiag witb that 
dap'UtatioD to talk the matter over. 
The prooaiHliaga then terioinated. 



PNEUMATIC HOISTS. 



WE haye recently had the pleasure of inftpactinga 
hoist worked on a new system as far aa this 
country is eoncorned. The power is pneumatic, bat 
aa in mEtny engine and boJlei shops in the preeent day 
an installation of this character is already in existence 
for other porposes, there is not the difficulty in intro- 
ducing such a handy appliance thlt there woqM h&T& 
been some years back. Usually the airis taken round 
a building and down standpipes along the eoluuioa, 
tor example, and flexible hos^ leads to th>e auction 
inleL on the macbiae. 

.■\3 will be seen from the iJIuatration of tbe design 
before uq, the boi^t can be used instead at tbti ordinary 
chains and jjuil^y blocks, and tntvi^ls at the head on 
a rail, tha roller and rail being shewn in Hootion. The 
apparatus consists eiruply of a cylindgr of 3otid drawa 



8 



THE MAHIJ^E £IfaiK££a 



[April 1, 1897, 



tub£ bore^ out td receive the pietoii, and baagiog to 
the rod oi which is the article to he lifted. The con- 
u«ctioa for the bose coupliag ie shewn, and the 
air passing dowa through the Tutve lilte the piston to 
the top oF the cylinder. The valve is so constructed 
bj a bye^pass arraDgement that in Ihe event o I an 
accideut to the pip* while lifting, which is obvious 
might occur, the piston cannot drop owing to a. sudden 



required. This is possible by breakuif; th^ hose OOQ- 
nection with a Weetisghouse coupling and then 
making the joint, again from another source of air 
5upply. The sBine ramark applies to the boiler shop, 
where the Hit would be very bnndy for picking up 
plates and h&uling them to the \-ariouB shop luaichiDeB 
foe the work to be put on them. Again, in the foundry 
the moulds conid ba hoisted, the boseft brokea, mi 




PsB«y«Tic Hoists. (6cejiige7 



release. Tho weight is tberEby at all times lowered 
gently and tti«3 rate- of tfao drop is re^^lated by the 
ntEo of the exhaust in tbi« valvo, It will be seen 
iherefore that there art- no discharge pipes at all, the 
one pipe s.erveB for inlet and outlet to the bottom of 
the platen and everything beiog fiiinple cannot get out 
of order. 

'^^'hen Yre come to the uees to whicli a machine of 
this kind can be put wo sea that great assiattnce may 
be afforded in the variovB shops, Having lifted a job 
out of the lathe for example, with a complete system 
of travellers it maybe carried away to just where 



the castinga carried away to the fettling department. 
In short, (be variety of purposes to which the device 
may he put ate too uutueronH to mention, It is 
Bufticient to say that with proper overhead travellers, 
abotit four tons can be pusned along by one man 
readily, and we are informed that in the United States 
this Byetem is very generally adopted everywhere. 
Meaars. Tail, Howard k Co., Limited, of 63, Queen 
Victoria Street, who are introducing it into Great 
Britain, are ready to give a guaraDtee against 
all repairs for several years, and at the low cost a 
gte&t deal of business should ensue. It only remains 



April 1, 1897.] 



THE ICABINX EK^INEEB, 



to say tint our other illuatration represents some oi 
the varieties of woik for which the hoist is adapted, 




[and that an opportaDity is aSbrded by the 6rm for 
jfleeicg it in operation to those who o^ on them. 



8HXFBniI.DINO ENTERPRISE ON 
THE WEAR. 

yfOT WITHSTANDING the (aot ttttt iMt year M«9SM. 
Doiford were very huBilj employed id boilding ehipfl. tbey 
ere kble to pive tbeir Bttention to fhe eroctioD of ft new suite 
o( (tffirai, wbich for conipleteneBH of detliil and gensml con- 
fwuence are perhapa Dneijuallad in tlie Nortb. Tae old 'Offii':^*'. 
CboDgb cnmcnodioiia and cfinveaicntliy arraa^i]> bad ic rerecit 
raajw beomne quite inadequate to tlie rtrqnicc^meiitB of the liroi'B 
buatneaB, and b« day by day the need oi further aocommodMioa 

I l>»cKBit^ mfvre preaflingly a.ppt^rtinfc, the rf tiolatioii waaat^engbh 

^Karrived nt which baa rAeutttd in the erection of the preaeat 

^Kl&ndcomeediGrre. The dest^ of thebnilding ii orifrinnl. hat its 

^BDovelty does not in the laaRt deCrADt from its utilitariae or 

^Hinutii? meriU. The viiitor, poHBing thron^b foldiiiK-c'<3orB, 

^^^iilen the mnin haU, wbicli oacupiee a rerj ccinsiderable poctiiiD 

oJ the building. At ofLhur Bide of this ipocioui apiirtrnent, are 

the eliipyard and engine-wortiB dnining oflioBa. A nuuibor of 

piivKMefflOM for the use of (memberH of the £nn are proHdod 

at :)i«>«Dd facing the entraiK^e, »n<t (tiere are on the Mine floor 

I«f> lArfre pfty <iflioeH for tbe abipbnildieg and engineenDg 

departmenU reBpeotivelj. The &>a.in hell U !i((httal fram the 

rnof, nrhicb la compceed of evoeptiociAlly stronfr plnte-glnea The 

drpvtmeDts and Oifficee on the firit floor, inclijijin^t n lar^o 

n caption rDooj. aie reaabed from a .iialler}, ac^cMB to nbioh ia 

gaiied by ft haadruine alairway al the ejid of tb« bull. 1'b« 



gullsryleadi firdt to tbe iiujoii^ window in oonb^tioo with the 
caehiera' and other depBrCinentB, wbirih, with a eamber of reooa 
reeerred for special purpospH, are at the end of the bailding, 
immediately ahoTe tbe i^ommercia) aad private ijIBsat. At ana 
Bide of the gallery le the AdrniraltydrawiDg office, which, aaita 
naaie implieH, ia reaervod etclii lively for GoTermneDt work, ftnd 
which baa di^rect com muni aatiou with the drsfilng loft. On ifas 
appoBite Bide ib the aocountaDta' vffiov, and aUe the booaa- 
Iceeper'fl room, heaidsB whicb there are BpB<rioiiB offiues for t4« 
nie of neroantjle ovenioerB, Admiralty ehip oTerBeen, and 
AOmiralty engine oreivoerB. That pert ef the ^llery imtne- 
dititely abore the entraDoe to the main ball leede to th.» 
photo;rrBph dBpertmsTit, ie which deaigna and trBoioga are photo- 
graphed when neoeecary. Prom, thia point a good riew ie 
Dbuiined of two finely executed portraUs in oils— preBnmablj 
eboae of the late Mr, and Hrs, Doaford — which are fixed io aa 
qrated «pBce or niche tbnt has evideotly been BpeciallyreeBrred 

f gr them . 

The fnralBhiag «f the rA.riouBoS.oeB aadroomaie moat taBtefaT 
and apficopriate, nothiag beiegomitt^ whicb could in the leaat 
de.(;ree promute comfort ar ELsaiBt eOicieney. T be atjle of decont- 
tion ie rieb, tbcnif;)! Hnbdned ; the harmonioua arrangBmemt of 
forniB and o<^olit« producing' an estr&inslly pLeaBtng effect. 
IVhita and aream and deiicabn bl<ie tinla are very preralent, and 
not the teaeb attractive fenttire is (ho Tnoeaio parementin the 
jtoor of tLa main hall. Special co^me tgr t«1«phoqe work are 
pmnded on each door, H.ad there if a atroo^ room — whiokia alaa 
Ureairoof — in th-a bademeut. The veatilatiai^ arraaij^ineate are 
of tiie most epprovod bind, and the eleotrij? iiirhtiug iuita1lA~ 
ttoD. ia very complete, and in perfect keeping with the geanral 
equipment of the haiMing'. Tbe oentre of the main liall ia 
oooapied by a tine model of the a. a. tlolcomla, built by MeBars. 
Dosford [n 1885. ThisTeBiel wna. we heliere, Che lacseatoargo* 
boat adoat at the time of ItB oonBttaatioa, but einoe than the 
Arm hare had tbe houour of bailding for eomo of u<ir leadiog 
Bteamahtp oompanieB two or three miiofa larger vsBaoIa. Ther» 
are four other modeU in the hall, obeAf which— the modal of the 
torpedo deatroyer hau!!hl)j. built by Miaarfl- D^xford to the 
order of the Admiralty — 'is, with ite beautifnl eqaipmaat of 
electro- plated deek BooeaaorieB. qaite a work of a.rt. Viewed 
from the exterior, the building ih very imposing, e jndtaioQi 
bleudiDg of briekwurk and red eADdfttene imparting to the fooaile 
a moat attra«tire appearance. The Sipproitchea have been 
smoothly aBpLi\lt«d, and & gra^ey alope b^rdiering the v«b it 
front of the builditg >B 9iO .rujJDoc^t not to bq deBpieed- Froni 
TRrioiu poLbM of v^ieirobbolh ba&]<A of tb^ river the building 
atB.ndB eat conapicnoitaly, and with its roof of glAan forma an 
iniereating laudimtrk. Since the lirm took the bold atep of 
departing from the traditiciiial toetboda of ship oonatraoCion 
tbeiT busioeBs hne proHpersd in the meet BBtLifaotory manner, 
and their prodtictive rCHQiiruc!! hare bean utiliead to the very 
rutlest. Id providing new otficaBofa more complete deavrij^tiau 
than are uaaally to be met with, and wtiii^h are lo every dutail 
apBpinHy waited to the "fteiiB of their buHi:ne«s,they h^ve ak^'ii 
6«id«D«ad the detsrmi TtutCon to leave nothing undone which ma^ 
aSBiet in lieepiag the poaition of prominenne they have attained. 



HULL AND DISTRICT INSTITUTION OP 
ENGINEERS AND NAVAL ARCHITECTS 



ON Monday evening, rebraary SSnd, tbe members of tbs 
above In'litoHun vet at the Inetitate Aooms,. Bimd Street. 
the PreeideDt [B.. Fewley, Esq ) in the chairrwban the bononur 
secretary, Ur. Geori^ H- Strong, gave an iniersatin-g paper 
entitled. " Qriipbioal and bleehanicm.! Aids to Catonlation.'* 
Tbe antbor. aftei' sipreaaing his regret that auoh method-i of 
Baving valunble time hud not in the past reoatved tbe unaanC of 
a.ttentioti they de-^erved, dealt with aeveral of tbe principal 
DbjeotioDB oftao raiaad againit their UBe, and (hen proceeded to 
give a Incid deaoription of the vatioa.^ practical dbob (o which 
thfl graphic ay^tem of Dompatation may be readily applied. 
entetiitginost fully into Ibe priooiplca tipOD T^ioh the trath of 
■nch ayBtefn were b^h^ed. 

The author having by oonlar demOQBtratioa proved the ntilit^ 
iii some particiilar Byatem of arrangement as a gr«phioal aid to 
oalcnlBtion, thea iniroduced tO' the notiee of the memban the 
gyBtem of plotting down on " ec^Qared " paper eiperiineatal and 
other data, po-intlnff out that by the aid of HtLch BVsteni of 
repreisnlnttaa the viriona compuiBorLB as to effioienoj. ooii miiy 



10 



THE MAEIKE £NGIK£E£. 



[April 1, 1897. 



be mois eaailf rendered rottnifeiat, ih^ pnooiplea DndfrljiDg tbe 
pajticoJar eiperimAbt mnie (ati*f&otorilj ittT«stigBt«<l, any 
imgaUiiCiQS dn« to errotH of obserr&tion, or of calculiktion 
Iwing iDMt reftdUj detected and &llaw«d Tor. With tba balp of 
■•Terol pieces of elring and ■ abset of " aqnared" paper, Mr. 
Strong then d«n)ou8tTated bow tbe lysMm could ba applied [o 
varioQS problems nbich ootUA within tbe iproTince of the 
englincer, aodaljo proTedhowceiikiii fonni]Iii?)irb!cb,irdaaltirith 
by klgebiaic melbode troald requtie a ka.oiti<iige of tbe bigber 

ltag«e oi iDBtberaBti<<B, could bie mvavtigs.ted, a.Dd this (Ten bj 
tboBB to whom RiHtheEn&ti!<&l reaeonrng nnd apnbolio l-ernifl wete 
lo soDie (>TteQt. a hidden mjntcrj. An imt'&Ti'ee "ab bUo t hoivn 
to- demotkElratn boir ths method maybe applied, to ibo arrBOgiDK 
□f tbe train Berricea on bojiy nilna; routex, aod apon tlie wall 
of tbe leoture-room was eihibited □umerona grapblo diagrams 
ilEaetratii]£ tbe sjBtem aa applied to the oompnt^tion. of Btre»Ma 
on roof tmeses end bridges, the proper prapmriiooiag of 
maicliiDa dttaile, tbe comparisoii of experimnn'nl f^atn. tTi« 



or iireg;nlair fafJa), tn^rvl^ bj t»Tentin)( the OQtlina of suob 

flgare. He neit «ibibit«a and d«f«nbed thiL.t farm of tbla 
inatrnmeet Icnawn as tbe " Cnfiin '" diagram averager, and 
msde t>leai to thom present bow the eiplEinaiioti giveo of tbe 
priooiple of the " Amaler " ptBiiiiiioter applied eqaally well U> 
thia type of inrtraniBnt, and he concluded hia paper bj exbibit- 
ivg and describing tbe latest Ijpe u( planimeter, ti/.., the 
"Goodman" Batohet plaaimeter,. togetber wiih ttat form of 
tbei iaatrumeub mOidE spBcially for aae irith indicator dU^ranis. 

A larg« niimber of ri]I«H, ioBtrameiiTe, d'agraniB, ii}., Ac.< 
were on Exhibition during' tbe cfeiiiiig- 

An tntercBting 'discussion followed the paper, in which the 
following gentlemen t«ok part : — Uesera. K. Fawley. T- Wright, 
U . F. Fonrny. A. N. Sameracales. bd)! A. H. Tyacke. Mr. Strong 
replying to the pointa rai«ed. A Ibearty vota of Ibainha to Mr. 
Strong, proposed by the Praeident. a&d Berooded by Ur.. F. B. 
Pearson, waa acooitlod at ibe cloae. 




■J 



a 



enBaciatjon of importaot [irobieiRB and the aolniion of Tarioni 
formula). 

Id treating upon tbe qn^stion of nioohanica.! Aide to oa1ciil»- 
titto, Dir, Strong then g&ve a meet complete descriptioo of the 
pvinta of CDo^truction of tbe elide rale, aDdie.n moat inatractivs 
manner eiplaioed tfa« principlee upon wbioh ite abvAui« pn- 
fieioii depende. TbaM oeveral poifitti wer« eibibiMd upon a 
lINl'ia. mi^del tlide mle prepared for tbe parpoae. After 
ah«win.gho>r the slide rale may be applied to different cotoula- 
tionB, ni«nIioa waa made aa to the mBonei in nbioh vanoQB 
matbemntii^al ratioe and pracLienKoimula shauld baarranged far 
almplicily ol wcrkiDg. Seieral diU'erent makea of tbe "Gritrat" 
elide rule were tb«D exbibited', and the UBuner of working same 
ctplained, and varioiiH other types of slido rule deaigned far 
caionlatiunri. of a Bjitoiflc chiariLctec absWD nnd aaE^ribedl. The 
rn'cul »ting " maohiae" or " Ac it Iimu meteor " being alao sbown, 
and ite manner of woFlcing commented apon. 

Tbe "Amaler" pplar Pianimetemas nest eifcibited, and the 
anlbor of chepxper w«nt fully ieto the principle ofctsaetian, 
proving by th^ aid af diegrama niid a model »f an elementary 
chktaoter bow It ia that this iDBtrumaut may be relied upon to 
gire moBl arcnrately the arsK of any vtcted figure (of regalar 



AUXILIARY PROPULSION FOR SAtLIHfr 
VESSELS, &0. 

ANEW form of propeller for the above and kindred 
purposes has lately besD iatroduced by the 
Gheathiiig Propeller Co., of 72, Biehopegate Street, 
London, the came of the firm being derived from the 
character of the propeller iteelf, which is to aheath or 
fold up the blades inside the hull of the vessel, and 
therefore oat of the way when not in use. It ia 
obrioua if this could be e&tisfactorjiy accomplished, it 
would be a boon to the yachtsman, more especiatly as 
taking to the pastime for sport, he has little love for 
enginesi, boilers, and all tbe disadvantages, that coiU'& 
witb the adoptioo of steam or other motive power 
than that given by tbe wind. Still it is not pleasant 
to be becalmed, perhaps, for days, therefore, nhat 
catitiOt be tured has to be endured, and beHce we find 






April 1, 1897.J 



THE MABINE ENGINEER. 



11 





M 

n 




u 

■a 

I 



12 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



[April 1, 1897. 



auxiliary fit^ftm gzeatly in vogue in genUemea'a float- 
ing palaces. The principle hitherto Jainiliar to us, 
has been to feather the blades, that is to SEiy, to turn 
tbem on the boss in a line with the keei go as to otTer 
ae little roaistance as possible to the TCay of the vessel 
vbeQ undei' eail. Another plan was to disconnect 
fche whole &rrangemeDt from the shaft, and lift it out 
of the water up a ^ell sonatructed at the stern lor the 
pnrpoae. In the tirat case the whole of the reaist&nce 
was cot done away with, and in the Eecood a xveak- 
nees oi the hull w&s caused by the part cut avcay, 
besides the cIuinsineBB of the syatem generally. Here 
it will be observed, from the ill nstrationa which accom- 
pany, neithyf of these drawbacks ia apparent. When 
sheathed, boss and blndes disappear within the stem 
tube altogether, and therefore out of the way. We 
8ee first the propeller ready for work, then the blades 
turned horizontally instead of in an upright position, 
and finally drawn clean inwards. Asking oursfilves 
how this is accomplished, we refer to the fiiiialler dia- 
grams marked Nos. 1 and 2, and then we notice that 



course in a narrow waterway, like the Medway, for 
example. If there are no practical difficulties in the 
nay of using one of the auxiliary engines for such an 
object it may be an advantaga, and at eonie future 
time we may return to this subject again,, when we 
have further plans before ns. 



NAVAL MATTERS-PAST AND PRO- 
SPECTIVE. 
(Avtn »uf Mvn Correipon-dmlt iU hemt and abroad.) 



THE TiTai Lor<3'fl MemoraDdiiin. FiplknaUirj of thv KftVy 
£;«dniDteB, bos beeo preaented M Parliauatit, bsil aih»wa 
tlibtltie afim uked for in i:2],«S^,i:iOO. u againat £21,''.23.COO 
Inetye&i, There it therefore a cat incroaaa of £15,000. The 
isiereat of ttia preeeut EBtimntea dui'S not, iioireTei. r«Ht in the 
«.iim iMked for ao amcb aa in tbe vesj in wliioh it ii lo be spent, 
aod iDoreOTsr. taken hf theruwlver. Ibeee fifi't^B' "^^ Bomentmt 
miBleadin^, aince ihoj contain no reference t« tbe SBpptemea- 
tajj estJCDBteB ol the psal and to tbuw nbich are hIdOiI Cerlus 
to be foTtbcomiiig bcfci? tbu end pf liie present fliiaii(^lfc.i fMT. 




AcxtUAKv Pmii'OLaTWf rcn Saiuko VsassLH, 4c. 



iha blades are pivoted on the boes, and that inside the 
shaft B there is an inner shaft C, ^'^bich at the pro- 
peller end has a rack upon it gearing with the pinions 
on iheblade'B. "When, therelore, this gearworlts, the 
blades (all flat round the pivots mentioned. The 
Hcrew D bein^ then brought into operation, the whole 
apparatus is brought into the tube in the ship's 
flteru. 

We must reler our readers to the company itseU 
for the means of carrying the eysteni out in its entirety, 
but various methods will BUggfBt themselves to 
engineers for putting the principle into 'operatioQ, 
The views we five are on & yacht of 7 tons, y.m., 
and if it may be further extended to hehlug vessels 
vbich already use stCAm tor heaving up their trawling 
gear, we may he sure it will meet a want, because 
nith^rto nothing has been devised in this way capable 
'Of iKisg' housed so as not to interfere with the nets, 
Jtc. 

Another use for which the inventor puts the system 
forward is for steering ironclads. He proposes to put 
sfaftfttbiog propellera oa each elde of the ship's stem 
and use the force tbue given to assist the vessel's 



In rtjrajd to thBonmberof olliMra and (oeo Toted foe thja year, 
an iuureue ia vLowd of £e,^U(l, bringbg; the total to £100,OoO, 
Thia ia a very Wge inorvBep, aod ia divideJ aT«r iJinoet every 
ckaa and gia4« ia the Navy- It is aocomf anisd by naw repul*- 
tioDB in regard to (be KoyKl Naral ll«<vTvd nhiob it is bopad 
will Und lo tha ineraa*e of thftt body. It ia, howovBr, piiriona 
in this eonUMtion tbaC no larf!^ pr«7iBioD haa been made for an 
incKBse. and therefore it muy parbapa be ei.peoti(l that the 
BUtboriliBB do not anticipate any very Urge immeiliate beaeflt 
from their new «o hem #. Amonit other conceesionH to the petty 
otSL-ersand men of tbe service ne must iii«D>tii>n the e«cabliab- 
mont of a new grada of augineertjfBoer of warrant rsJit, nhivh 
caa only be re-gnrd^ hh a antat ^tiafaCtory enfMurageueiit to 
en^t''i^~'W)m piti&cefs who bav6 rendered merltcriona eerviea, 
And a jMp wbi^h will CDnIribul(> taivardB meeting the growing 
requiremante of the fleet. Turning fnim the ptriuniitl. the new 
shipbuilding pregritninia ineludea fonr bettleehipa. three third- 
clftitf cruiBera, two eloopB.foiir Kunboati,acil two torpedo-boat 
deatroyers. Of these veaeala throe of the buttleabipa, tbe three 
cruiEsra, anil tbo tiro eloopB wilt he buill ia the pablio jarde, the 
othwa bjconttuct. The three battleehipH are to bo laid d own 
aa BDDoaa tliOK of the ' '"ifrpm cIbiis bui'din); to th« yitxdi have 
been iBunclbed. TIiib prOgmmnia baa n«t met vith nniverBal 
a[)proVal. The iniireaBa in pi-rniniii:-! is conaideKd most a.n,tiHfac- 
toTj, but it would have pieaaed many oritica if more veaaela had 
been iBfllnded in the ahipbuitdinK pru^rotoin^- Tfaodifliculty 
appenrs (o rast with an ineufficient aupply of armour, bat ae thia 
doEH aat aCTeot the orDiBPTs to any Rrcnt extent it baa been 



I 



1 



April 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE EUGIXEEII. 



13 



» 



tlioafcht Uut more vghsoIi or that cUaa Bhoiild huve been pui 
in bkad. 

Benlii And Crete. 

TK* p4&it!v« eKpfidiUaCi acdertukeu iLftaiiiBt tlie rEi»lcitrHat 
Sin^of Beota baa proved, raoat Bneccufal. The »6Atopii aiid 
raorireiS of tbe ihipg oa LW Weet Couat of Afhoa «rn,tinn, 
Maiated bj the TorceH of tbe Kig'Sr Cout rjnCectomte, ear- 
moQiited all ths diOicnltiei in tli«ir way. knd ult,hoag)iBt Ujb 
lOH of lome vBlDAble live* carried tbe tomr «,Ir tbe point of ike 
l>ajDii«t. Admira] Hftrrf Rawwn, wbo waa pprdODallj' in oom- 
maad of tha f«p«ditijii, bai receiTod fr^tn tbe i^ueeo n kind 

4nd ftyopftthetif maa^ge of cOTITn^ndati^q t^Dii QQngnitlilatioD, 
in which ail his (SJuQtrTmeQ will Join. Tha sqaAi^roa luu 

tlrecj]^ ditpemd, the Theism and fort* rdrDriviDg to tte 
HedilerntDPaii, Anil tbi; hoepi1&] ship .Virl<ia:a to tLiB conotry. 
It U aatiaf&ctorj to know tbat tb9 wouodec} lire all doing well. 
lo another direction, loo. oor soldiera and leBinea ate nt 
work. The Earop«Jin Powers hHTinit dccidwi that the Gieeki. 
■nut witbUran from Crete, nnd in foca of the fact tbat tbe 
tiovcmnient of the &«lIeiieB woutd nottakeiliiH ytepTolDntnTilj, 
libTc determine on ooeroIoDr A blockodfi of bhe ifrinnd of Crete 
bf the shi[)« of ihe riie gT«dt PpWera h«s oommooced, snd JC ia 
(MMBihle ttL&t it maj be eil-end^d to t^ertaiD h,a.rboura of GrOeCc. 
MoreoTW, e«oh of the Powers bus daijmtohBd a force to Crete 
tor tbe parpose (if &B«isting; iu preserTtng order, if not for the 
enlonKiiie[ii:of tbeir wiahet. Wliat will M tbe ODtconoe of tbei.«> 
Deaanrea ia tbe eioited itate of the Qr&elc populace and tha 
tlmMteoing Gircumstaoce that vo the frontier of Thrgaaly Greek 
and TorkiBh Icoopa tOfad face to faoo, in by do meaoa cl^^r, 
Botb qatioas are preporiiiK fuc t[0u1>le, aod Turker bna ereit 
d<K>a what no on? euppoeed abe mi capable of actomptiahiugi- 

abe haa mobilised a. aroali sqQBd:foii, ncd deapatched it from tba 
Golden Horn lo OtLlIipoli. Tha powers sppesr to be unaaimoaB 
in tliair detorminatiou to preiervetbe peace of Europe, bat io 
MacedoDia all tbe eiementa of a ooDflagratioD fire preaeDt. and at 
anj tiiDB a apajk may aet the inBaminiLtorT' paiticles in a blaze. 

The Qaeeo'i Ol&inond Jnbilee 

In conoeotioD witb th» Diamond Jubilee of the Queen it is 
certa,iii tbat if fsTonrable weother OonditionB prevail tbe 
Eeriew at Spithead of the Fleet will put that of tbeJabit^ 
j*»x quite into ilifl shade. Everj vessel available will lake part 
in tL« ahow, iDcUdiDi! the torpeda-boai deatrofere sowfiaish- 

ing, it they ure rendj in tinie. VoBBeis tal<iD(f Out CrSWH to tuo 
foi^igii alatiouB will do Lbo voy^gti aa quickly i^ pofaible, and 
linRj back to la.'ke part. Aa fegatda the delebration io London, 
onr three thonaaod Tnen from the tteet acA lo take part, drafCA 
baos sent ap to LoodoD frocn. Foita.moaLh and tbe other porta 
Id the South. Tbe Briinnuia IraiDinit sbip will be repreannted 
bv one hnndred and Miy oadeta. who are lo eleep at the Rojial 
^aval Golieiie at OresDwich fur Ihe nigbt. The Fleet wilt 
nwbUbe oa lbo 8tb of Jane, uid tbe Review will t&ka plaoe on 
ihe following Saturday Icrtni^bt. A HagKCBtion bae b««n made 
■ tbftt a cog p]^ of eunboata should b« placed juaC tiolow Loodou 
Bridge tor tbe pi.cpoB.e <;<rfiti]ig a taints aa tlie (jnoen paaaaaover 
tbebridiie, and anotheT gugji-eetioD pat forward ia tbat a Botills 
tit torpedo boats ahoiild be anchored near Weatminiter Bridfie. 
inwdarto aalate Ber Majeaty aa ahe paeees tbere, aoppoein^ 
ifaat tihe ptoceuion passes that wa j after all. 

F^rtBtnoath PockyftH. 

Aain every oUierjard work is mure tbanpleiDttruI here, in fact 
there is a gloi of it, and as a coosei^uenoe Ihe FoKtrfvl. Tetjiblr. 
and Crtar ore groninH' at a nonderfiil rate. Captain W, C. 
Earatalia. after being in command bE^ru For three jema, baa 
retind, and Captain W. H. Mtty has takeu op the duties ot flag' 
Mptain, Nptbiog but prAiae hai bean fuijud for Captain 
Klualake, wbett he was Dutertained At hla Farewell duioer, at 
vbtch Commuider Aceon pre«.|ded. Daring i. be three yasra be 
haa been with na he baa bean noted for his detertninatioD to b» 
Juai in eBerytbiDj;. and conaiduring tbe Dumbers under bia 
oooiRiaDd it is «nrpri>itiK tbet be has carried out bis pocposaao 
«fid«iitlf and with so littlo tiiotioo. Many letinela are under- 
piag ropaira and alteration a, among whii^h are the " Sat iron " 

Snboat Fincluft which baa bad a new b^'ilcr £tted and 
<rcloped iW H.F, in a trial, at a apeed o!' about seven 
kaota. TliB Hoftxet baa had bor broken piaton rods seFU to aud 
the SelijHi v having her bottom coated before laaviag for bar 
Bonmiaaion on the Ea^t Indies Station. Looking at tbe new 
Katloiatea one scea that we are tocompEsM the C-r4ar and JLtoi'i, 



aod X 'i7,l)00 ia to bo spent o» Jahoar alone of ibe f orioar TeM«l. 
The Camipiin ia to ha nd'JAnced, ftod we are to tiatr 0<e ft,iitiiibal 
rent here from Pembroke tu complete. A b»itlB»hip of tlie 
I'anitpM) oliaa ii to be «ommFneed. uh is a new third'Olaas 
ciciiter. U ia to be regretted that witb ■!! the work to be done 
the .^dmirtiliy ihould have determiried Id Krnduailiy rodnre tUa 
boadt. L'p to the praaent tbe Caitapiit hai hnd over 1,600 tons 
1>nitt into ber. 

The New Wing af the Naval Engineering College. 

It is understood that tbe Dnlce of YotIc will prrform the ceiV' 
mon^ of opeuing tbe new "h'ithi af tbe KaroJ f^ni^iueonnH: CoUege 
nt Kejboin soon nft«r tbe Uidciimmer vacation is over. The 
addition, w hie b waa began Jn Beptctnher.lB^O. is uowapproMbiug 
CAlupletioD. Tbe eKtenslon ooneiHte of two separate fcoUdtnga, 
iuanaofwbioh thu atndents will ^laep and take tbeir maala, 
and tbe other will be aaad as the edooationol hranrb. Ttaia 
Tatter will nllon of proviaion beioi; made Tor over Gfty students 
eilra, whioh will brinR the nnmber stadlytng; nt tha Gullaff* up 
to one huQdred and fiftj. Tbe atcbiteetnTe of '.he Dew boildlng 
will be ideoticai with that of tbe oi<\ one. it will be approached 
by a handsDine entrance ball, and tbe nbole ot the interior 
»rmDKementa, enob as famitore, decorndoop, &c,, will be of an 
eapeoioU/ elaborate natoreT Tli^t th^ present orercrvwdmg in 
tbe recreation room may ha fpttewhat reli^'Vi^d, a fine lofty roatn 
baB been bnilt just at the eainDce lo tbe new nicK, which will 
be naed for tbii parpose by the asnior etadi'nta. Tbe 
leotor* and claaa-rouoia will be spOiCiGaa and weU-liithled. 
and there will be rooma for eiperimenta and demoit. 
etratioun. and a workshop i^onnected witb tbe present 
Saborstory. Hot water ia to be the menoa eniplojed to 
heat the botjdingf, The old dining-bal] bas Ue&n extended go 
thftt it "ill tow be poajible to aent vho whole of tbe aludauta at 
tbe same tiiu«. Mnjor Xenyon, R.E., haa b«eii respoutibls for 
the carrying out ot the work, sMiilod bj Mr. F W. Rite. Tbe 
eilenaion will be a distinct improTament to saeh an imporlaiit 
ioalitutiOD. It is tu be regretted that measles tina brokon out 
here among the atndenta. Tbe outbreak ia snp^Kiaad to hare 
originated in tbe Ii'i})rfiinal>lt. 

Oyerlime In the Dockyarda. 
It aeenis tbat in order to spend tbe innoey already vnted 
before the end if thn floanoial year, that tha whoEe of the 
GoTi^niDi'^at yaiJs have boea workinif at fall pressure, and oTei< 
time, and plenty of i t, bins been tbe order of the d«y jnat I nlely. 
Between l.StKJ and 'iflQO men bave been working ovorliae 
mil Portsmouth ao fts to vpend the Dneibanated balaii^^e ol 
Bnooey in hatid, And practiciilly the sane etorj rom^e from 
Devonport. Chatham, SheerneAH. and Penibrake. ilMt of the 
hiiTd» bavenlmoaC douWsd their wagei>, working nntiL eight and 
nine o'clock at night at acina of tha ynitlt, as we1i U9 on Satur- 
day afternooD, although tbe men are soaieitliat averse to ihia, 
Buying lliat they would rather work Inter in the wefc tban be 
d-eprirod of «a; of their Saturday balf- holiday. Tbe Admiralty 
at (be end of each Cooncial year era expected to retnin all pp- 

o;i[-«ndi!d ba'ancef. Bat thi^ was opt foiitid to be refj 

etionoioical, and so, with the Treaaur»r's petmTSsii.n , a ra- 
ailjaotment of allocation was mode, and the money sared in one 
dirai^iion wua usefully spent in another. 

The B«Ut^ of the EBglne^r-iq Chief of the N^vy- 

There is 'ma item In the Havj Estitnates. which base recently 
been under diacttuion. which we are sure everyone interested in 
the weWare of the Nnvy, and the engineering department 
especially, will he pleased to aee. TMb u the addition whioli 
the Naval Lorda haTe ibcoght Gt to maka to tbe salary of Ur. 
Doi-aton, the SngiaAer-in-Cbief of tbeNavj. That be thoroughly 
deservet thia Qobody will den/, for tbe sabatunliel Advanae IB 
tbe ape»d of onr Qghting ships ia primarily doe to bint, aa is alio 
the snbetitnlion ol watertube foi re t a rn-cabe boilers, infant, 
daring the time be baa been in office ibs speed of ourwsrahipa 
baa been nearly donbled. Oommenoing with the new Qoanoial 
year tils salary will ha tl.tOO a year, in placeofibe £l,3iKi 
he haa now been receiring for many yeaia peat, Tiie Chief 
Engineer Inspector of Uaqbioerj, Mr. H. J. Buib r, also benefits 
to the extent of J;1.97 n ymr extra. makiDR tl ,«£u altogftiher. 

Mt. Uram is to reOei4e LliU intte&d of £GtHP, and Mr. Eudd 

£825 iusteod of £e»3 Several other oOlopts i^i the same 
deportment have had their sal nries iDcteaiii.-d to an upprvi'iabia 
extent, apon which good fortane we cougratnlale bbem. 



14 



THE MABIKE EKGD^EEE. 



[April 1, 1897. 



DeTOnport Dookyard. 

Th* grselest aotiTi'ij mipaa here. The j:rowtli of the 6emn 
fi lilllOebciElfif Ol^r^■elIo^^^i,ftltllOlJglllbe wa« only ■POimrcBcfld fill 
i*(ieliB gioca the uDmhercif lora at prewntbuilt into her ilrBadj 
I una •ell into (our flgnree. Hsr Inaneb ii» ItxilieiJ fDrwerd to iu 
nine monlliB' litnp. nbicti if it proroa Imo will JLJeed be n record 
forl'uildiog. It wag doubLtol ai 6™i wheifaei' the EJyor would 
lie read; for the peruinl by tbe lime epecifiod bj- the Admiraltj', 
una In coueqaenoo of a delay occurntig liefo e a Butiaraclory 
t*Bl of her «i^QBB wiuld be obiaiued, ibu Adnfinltj were 
rppronohed u (o wliAihor n alight poalpcmenjaot was posstble. 
Hut tha ftotborJLics would Ibbf of nu t^ivli delov. Thn Hdimr 
Kas had nn eiptniiffe onttjt, necoaaitktiiiK a Ctfatof i'Ji.OW, eiooe 
bar Isflt oommieaioti on the Chiaa «ta.ltoii. Tlia Vo-nt \» to ba 
taken in hond here for ■ refil, aa are the !i'■nb,^^r, Thi.ndgf/r, 
C"o(«»*ii<and ittCaiupat. The damsnea which tfce /"Vf-ij, augtatned 
roceiitlf have been mmde kothI and she ia now m reMlineei'to 
jrin ttie Oppoimn uid Fernt for furtlier etuiaing, The new 
prog^amav of wmk tg be %imo oat lo thia ynrd ii very aatisfao- 
tory A M^qnd bnttlMhip ia to bo commenped mbooqii«iIi6 
Orf.iB it Baiflhtd, and a. tbLrd-clMacruiwr Cali«D in band, and it 
U expected that this will U, an eiceediogly tusy ami important, 
ane as lagmds euBttroeii?* work. An B.wedinglj raToiiraWo 
impreaaiOQ baa heen pnjdtiCBd her* by tbe eoncaasion iii»de tp. 
engine-room arliliceni, by which thia brvsch ^ate warnm* ntnk. 
The condition as to the Eangl h of aervioe before prnmotion boms. 
whftUnkeatb&giltrffthe gingerbread, but tha creation o( inch a. 
rank indica.t«B cbat the Admimltj are aware of the salne of 
>U(.h teiea. 

The BcMAt CvDceaiioDB ia Fleet En^lneera 
The imnopaai' iia i-eeeatlj mad^ by tba Atitniralty in order to 
flu up tbe tcio 1 nmeroDB vacanoiea in the rsnfca of fleet cngiDBeii 
do not appear lo be of much more Ihan a etoiJgAp nature. The 
<minioD boi been eipreaied that the attempt will pnbbablr be 
kbool aa futile ua ite predeceieom, and that ihe Admiralfv huTc 
be*i> driven to the courea they hare tnki^n by ihe injadieiou* 
policy that tbey chuoKht lit to adopt «oro« jean ago, but we do 
not wholly toaciii in ibja opinion, for ftiuco the plan in {jueation 
Wll iniufforated t^eyEt«I asaifltaDt tn^iB-eera haTe oome into the 
Navy. An azaminatioc for direct BppDietinent bs piobationory 
aaaiatant engineer ia lo take place ai vireeowioh early in Jane 
next. The ape of eandidatea U to be between twenty knd 
twenty-thTeejearaof age, and thtjjr luDHt hiiTB undergone three 
jearft' tmininK at nn enRipcering eBtabliah merit uf repnte, in 
sddiiioD to hawlrg attfoiied the 'Cliuiaefl oX a rfratrniyed vng-jceei- 
coliegB for »t teaat one j ear, iJut iinlees an amtjj.lnieut ia madi- 
lAthe effect Ikat in a few years the yoiingtBt aasiatant engineer 
will ba able iti reach fleet rank before be reachf b the age of re- 
tilemenl in the BBbordinate raek, it iq m^t jMMfrible that many 
ontaidera will be induced to enter, for withnm this thoir cbancea 
of proQKKton in her HajeBty'e Kavy do t,ot appear lo boa tars' 
roiy one. It may be hoie mentioned that a ctirreapoudent 
writiojj to llie Tim/' a few daya ego, poinla cot that as tttdi- 
<i»tea for the engineering brunch of the Navy Diust not be le^a 
than fonrleen or oTei aevenlMn yearn of »iie cu tbe lat of Way 
i» the year in which Ibey hre to be eiamiued, it ie lather bard 
I hat aa the eiaminati^ t»kea place a little earlier than Ibrs data 
tboae boya whoae birthday falle in the latter p&rt of Apiil, haTS , 
<o oompele with thoae who, though nominally of (he same oeb 
M rePBurdalbe tiBnii-nfltien ha»e had n year's iiii te pieparatiuo 
He therefore wingi-ala (hat aa a aimple way of mitij^aling the I 
imersDoe, that the eiaminatton be held twiire a jtar instead of 
«nce oply, 

Pi.t*lltte9 ia the R&vy Uit Hoath 
Daring Ibe poac lew Ht-eka many AOcidenlF, ntost of wlicb, we 
•re sorry to aay. have rw«ulled in loae of life, havi; .weorted!. 
About a mouth apo (be (anersla; were announced cf ItrogQniie.e ' 
ol the Royal Marine Artillery. The dtceaaed belonged to ih<; I 
(Wrt-gunrdaliip Sunii Viir,il. and nero foond in a dnied afatacui- [ 
«ide the apirit room of ihia Tetsfl, (heir dearh taking pln.o ' 
■horily alt«rwu^« fjgro alt-okolic p. iioning. ]| i. aunposed thnt 
the men broeobed s eusk ol rmn and drank i i,e ipirit tlirongh 
»n cteotiio eoil. Anolh r jteelh, whidi took place eurly bat 
montb. Willi that of llneiel YeaWa, a Ivedinir Htcket of U.M.S 
lUnrt, oaJB(r In the esiDloaion whifh toot place pb toard tLut 
•J'P w'j'-n IV CVirk liaitour. A teameo named Georfce Cook, uf 
U-M.S. /'I'l/u/toH. waahuriad at sea on the lit of jset monih, 
the Cbquufl S.juailTou meennhite atoppisg enginea a.nd laweiicg 
«:&riis to balf.maet, He had met hie death through a fall, in 



I wbltth he auetained a fraet-nredelinll. A miaod renture oMoited 
' too, OB H.M.9.. Jlyiira, in which two aeamea. named A. Joaei and 
A. Honete, wpre intTocated by nleepiiig in au. airtight oompvt- 
mtnt. oontiary to regulalione. At tbe inqaeat held « verdiot of 
"liBaih through misadiecture" wea reiuroed. Another ud 
aotident waa that which bappenei in Ktox^alown Uartxiar 
reoeuilj, in whiuh two boatmen and aurgeon T. Gibb«iis met 
their death. The latter in company irilb Lieut. Blliran, eng-jneer 
O. O. Koigt.t and anfri4l^nt-e(i||iirifor II- W. L. Cocks, were 
lining otit tA t^^ir chip nben ibo ilwut capaised, And tbe whole 
party were thrown into tbe uraler. ABaiataiice waa immediately 
forchtoniLng from Ij.M.S. Jmon, and the four offloen were 
reaoaed, bat anrgeon Gidboua juocnmbed abortly after. 

Chatham Dockysjd. 
At thia yard tliece is c' oan*e for firumVliDg at the amount or 
impartoticeaf the wiTk slli^tted to it by the Nbvb] Eatiteatee. 
A oompariaori of the tnoiiey etpended in 18D6-T, and that to be 
sfient in ISI'T'S sliO'Wa tbuL there ij very little diflereDoe in tbe 
amouDt. The gun-boai, »hioh ia aaid to have never given entire 
■ati«faat1on, ii now laid up here, and ia to bare a new set of 
boilers, water-mbe,. In place of the preaent oaea, whioh are ol 
tbe old toroniotire type. Thia roeana that her «peed will be 
increaied CDDPLderably. A aeriooa onibreak of Cre oootured 
leeeitly lit tbia y^rd, and which, but for being diiooTered iq 
time, might hacB t-eaulted in the destmclioii of the storea. One 
of the tar fata beL'amc ignite*), and bat for tbe efforta of the 
police dre brigade would Lavs apread coaE:iderBbly. Tbe chief 
work for the finanoial year just uommencDd will bo the oom- 
niedtrement of a new batileahip and a third-ctaaa cmiser of 
:J,l3/p taDBdisplacetnfnt. £10,OOD will be apenl on lahonr for 
the former, and over i,' It). i.'OO for the latter. A good deal of 
■Doney ia lo be rpent on different versela [or lepeira, albetstiona, 
.tc, £13.165 in t« be eKpended on ihe /hxadnuiirrh', i'17,000 
ii atiportiuuad to t!be lU-dnrif, at present in the Maditerraneen, 

£10.(Kil> to tbe Artihiuii. Bi.d £4,SH3- to tbe T<irUr, at preeent in 
the Weat Indies. Much mauey, too, ia to be spent oa tbe yard 
it»elf. including £10,1300 for dredging, io addition tothe i:icil),000 
olid already epent. The new battleabip Illuiiriout iooreaaea 
apot^, and ahe it now in course of completion in dry doolc 
here, and work la piogiesaing on tbe GoliuCh uti rindietivt, 
the former Tesael huving had orcr a thoaMnd tana worked into 

her. 

The TaF|i>eda Tabei of (he " Canopui." 

Tbe decision airived at by the Admiralty with regard lo the 
tnrpedo ortnamept^ of tbe CatU'piu and battlcabipH of a Uka 
c-laa^i ia udpubtedlj an impenant oue. Originally tbe Canoput 
waa lo lu< titled ptovidtd with five lube*, four aubmerged and 
one Fipoeed, but Ihii latter will now be ontitted. One of the 
chief reBBonu which induced the Admiralty to come to thia 
(fecisioD was tbe danger erposed tobta run of being eiploded 
duricg a fight by the bullets arquick-fiiiag enns of an enemy'e 
ebip, and ae proving the meana uf aerto-uily crippling or 
l^tully dratroying the sliip which CAniea them. At preaeot 
□e.grly all one aiiipu are fitted with torpedo ttibea abore the 
water-Iioe, and the <incatiiiii ariaes, ahall ezfoaed tubes be done 
away with, evea at the groat eipeDse which muat neceaearily be 
entailed. OF Cfintee, it ia equatly sh dangerens far one «hip to 

SO inta action earryicLr eipoaed tubes ai Buother, and to limply 
argne tbat foreign vhi|>a would be in Ibc same predicament aa 
uur owa does not ieaatii the danger in the alighteat The coat 
of die iilteratiun would be great, we are aware, but this should 
not hate uny deterrent effect Qpon the Admiralty, for tbe reaialt 
of tbe policy iii allawing the foieijin poweiB to lead the way In 
all augk ianoTali^us cdn be aeen when we coniider that at thia 
momebt we hate aiiteeo VMfela aroied nith obsolete muzzle- 
loa^Jingftuns, conBXciuebt npoD our waiticg until all the other 
Tuweia bad ^.rai^tii-slly reanned the whole uf their Heeta with 
lireeji.-loadinc; uuns before we aavr the vaXae of such a atep, 
and commenced doing- so ouraelfsg. 

The Havy on tlie Btag«. 
We have at tbe frctint time neatly half a doien ptaya 
ruDning in l<ondon which ure either entirely nauti sal er in eome 
way counecwd with the Xavy, and the greater par-t of them are 
P'lajiDiz to crowdoiJ houses. At Ihe Adelphi " Hlack Eye'd 
Sarao " has new Loec ninniog for soma lime, atid "The 
If ariDe^e of EnsIftB^ " boa joet made ila apprarsnce et the old 
Olympic iif Wjcb Street, and we bare Forbea Robertson and 
Mia. Patrick Campbell lakiag th« principal cbaraotera in a play 



April 1, 1897.] 



TEE KABEEfB ENQINEEB. 



16 



t 






osUsd "NdMiii'i EooluntMU," at tbe Avanne Tbutre. Tben 
kn bbnoiie or tRooUior pkji iodlrwtif doAling with DavKlUfe. 
The b«t'in«<DticiDed play baa b«en ■QbJKt«d to muoh adrene 
oritioiani, with irhioh we oordiallj ngroe, oniog to the fu>t ihu, 
it doM not treftt oqt great eultbI hero with tb^ respect -which it 
UadiM. Evwybo^jia f»B]iliFu: with "Slack fi;«'d Sluwi," but 
But «t WLtb the new prodDotion st the Olympic. Thia, bo *U 
UXOTint*, ia b pU,f of tbe old bftra-atoriniaK vuiab/. Curiously 
enough, it iatradnoM ootMb-gukitigTotz, i*hil« at the period the 
plftf lakes ptkoe there wan dohb. Macj 'Other mistakeai are 
■ppftrant. KelaoD. for ioatanoe, speaka of himielf m the Lord 
Hig'}) Admiral, hod much of the detail ia cxiBDection with tbe 
dreaa Ot the offioara ii altogether wtoBff- Bnt it i» aajoredly a 
■Dod Bigs when eo mach caMTOst ia taken ia the NaT;, and we 
eaa da no nan than hope that good narikl dmrnas will alwaji be 
nooeaalBL 

BfaMfiHH Doekytud. 

AlthoBgh the programme of work for tho Doming jear ia nut 
mtiTel)i up to eipeolationa, atill there is alight oauw fordia- 
aatiafaotjoD, Two new aloopa «re to be built, connlerparta of 
tbe T^irth a,ad Alert. U ia oob eapeotMl that mach work will be 
done aa them thia jmj, if mnj at all bttfore Chnatmaa next, aa 
the wasee '^o'e ie "^^T ^I.OOO. The additional £3,000 ia for tbe 
CtJAf Engiow/n Depfc^tment. The oruieoc fthnii- bu Win 
lannohedi and od)j reqairea hor ebgmea and boilere to he plih^d 
ID her. There promiaaB ts be plenty O'f work in tba repairing' 
bfsDob. The i«pair of the Racitan ia to ba undertaken, and the 
SwaXtoic iato belioiahedofl. 'Sb» Barra^fiitta, UmzardjOai Aconi 
an to be tatken in band. Of Che latter, the Snt-named will b« 
Ibflfirattobo takBD in band, The Haajfhiyia oow nndergoiog 
a r«fit> aod ber craw traaiferntd to Lbs SMvrdMi. The steam 
tfidUvt the >/Hpikr have been rarj BDcceanful, ihs >ooinplotiB§r 
the whole of thorn in fom lUjs. When readj »be will retwn 
Mrt for her gao-oiDuiiLtDf triage- The work op tb^ Ptunom &ixd 
PnterjMne ia being piubed fArt^itnl at muob aa poaeible, afidit ia 
IbOBght that the forroar will reach oompletioti Bbout the aame 
ttdM aa tbe letter, although the wjis begun eearly a jaa.r later. 

Ihe BhlpbttUdlBg ?rojrui of Francfl uid KuuIa. 

It ia IcterMtiug- to note at the pre&Bot tide, when Bo muuh 
attention ia being directed to Nbt&I aonatrai^Cian, the progress 
is ahipbaildlDg which is bein(j' m&de in the Frenoh and Biiseian 
jarda. Take France' first. Tbe French MiDiater of Uarine, in 
b etAtenieat made by him a abort time ago. aaid that France had 
29 batUeebipl built, aii bailding, »nd one. m yet, on paper oely- 
The muUer half of th« t9 oonipleted may bo termed Srat-Dlaaa. 
Iha obbera belonginK to aeoood and third olanu's. The new first- 
olaaa battlesliip tlie .Ataoft'i, is to be compl'sted b; the end of 
thiff yv*r, imd the CharUmit^nt and JJotit-rt we to be (jompletod 
tarly next year. The Qdwloii ia to be leady in two ;ear*' time, 
tbe St. JLouii it) thr«e, and tba Ht'ifi IV. a- year lat^r. 7tta<*'a 
ally, Boaala, il.aiei)entaa the Sphinx oaD(<erDiQg her shipboilding 

CPOgnmme, bat as far aa wa can gather she haa six battleahipa 
oildiDg, three of which bare been lannohed and are now oom- 
pleliiig. Bnaaia U already poateeaed of aii firat-olaaa battlaahipa 
Maidsa a tMoaiderabJe fleet of ooait Acfeaao armom-oladi, and to 
all ■ppekianoee by tbe end of thf> jaar she will have 10 Qnt-alaea 
battleehipa aSoat. Comparing the abovii with tbe EiigliBh ahip- 
baildicf programme, w^ have iotc^ little cau^e for QocgratQle* 
tion. England boa an offil^ial tot&li^f 4S bAtttBHhip«, Sti ofwliicb 

of the (irat-oUas ^re completed and eifcht aj-« building of d«- 
aigDed. &hs haa 12 second. olasSj but three- rj uarten of tbeae are 
annad with mo^zla- loadera, and It third-olaia, and eight of 
Ihaaa are carrying miitite-loadinjt gnna. Tbaa comparing tbe 
battledhipi bailt and building of if ran<« and Euaaia aa againat 
oar uwn. tbe ftdvaiitiiigti eppeers to be aomewhat on oni aide. 

Bpitln'i N«« Blver Qunbokti 

Daapite the great itrain the Cuban rebellion moat be upon tbe 
Anaooea of Spain, for the war haa now been raging for two yeua 
or thereabonta, tbat oonnlry. althoagh abe b&i been declared 
baokropt timea oat of numbsr, ecill ftnda enough mon-e; to 
Tlcemiuly proeecate tbe rebellioD now going on Lc (he Philippine 
iebsda, Her U-test fn9»e ie to h»Te two ganboftte Bpeci».lly oon- 
•tnctBd to grnird Lak^ Lacao, in th? inland of Klindaaao. Tbe 
veaeeli were built at Cavite. Lcton, acd ha*e beeii nuned the 
Altnu»tr and Curatera, after the two brigantiDaa 'OOBBtmoted by 
Beniando Cortea on the Lake of Meiioo. They are iclended for 
mcb the aame pnrpaae aa thoae we have built for larrice on the 
HO* mad Zambcal, bat do not reaembla thoae boata very much, 



having a peonlai ihap* all their own. They were daaigned tij 
the Engi Deer- In- Chief of the PhiLlppinea. Don UaDoal Kodrignes. 
They ai« 95 ft. long and l!ifi. wide, are capable of 175 il.P. 
with a epeed of lO koota aa hour, which will be «■ m^ah 
as is required of them for the work tbey will be reqcired tcf. 
Their artaament coueiate of two quick-Sring gotis, ona at either 
etid of the aaperatTuctnre, add m&ib smalier weapon* on the port- 
aide. It ia an uphill fight which Spain ia waging, but ihe ia 
making great aflorta, and many are of the opinion that anoceaa 
will abortly orown her. 

Pembroke DockyAVd. 

General gatiafaction la aspreeaed here at tbe «t«teiAen(> of the 
First Lord of the Admiralty on the ehipboildiog pngramme- 
It baa been deEnitely Jettled now tliat the new Koyal yaeht ia to 
be built ban, And the aelACtiim of thie ^ard la doabtleai ohlefly 
doe to tbe oommodious building sheda here. The progroaa of 
the Ar\droinida ooD-linuea to be aiLtiafiiotory, and her launoh waa 
fixed lo take place on the 30th ol thie mouth. She is eiow 
praotiaally ready for ber engiaea and boilen. but It ia poaaible 
tbat ahe may not leave at this date after ^1. It ia belieTed tbo 
h»nda now emploTed will be aborte&ed owing to the prolrabl^ 
departure «f the Ilatmii/al in abont six (nantha tune, 
Oarman NaTAl Demudi. 

The demanda made by the Gerrian MLitiBteT of Mai-ine, Admiral 
Hollmane, haa oome aa a ■urpriae bo many, and a great number 
cf German nowapapera bitterly oppose Ihe new propoaala. The 
Beichatag onderatood from the Goremmoet that no tuflh 
propoeale were to hv brought forward- Tbey wwe marely told 
Chet modern ehipa would toko the plade of the Abeolete onea ill 
the Ueman Na^. and it appaara to have been owing to thia 
explanation that they were induced to relax their oppoaitioa to 
many other Oovemment propoea.1*. The GovernmeDt intimated 
that they merely intanded Co r^pl&ce the old ahipa, but to build 
a new and powerfal oruiaer to lake the plaoe of one that haa 
been uaeleae for yeais i» aimply adding new abipa to (be Nary. 
It ia propoaed to spend lS3',SSl),000 uarka ouneff conatmotioo 
daring the tliree Gaanoial yeara 189S %*> 1901. and when the 
demeoda for IflP7-? are added to this, fcfld the remainderiif 
>ot«a taken over froim praTionA 7«ara, tba total eipenditore 
amouuta to 328,371,000 marka, over siiteen aod a-half mlUiaoa 
rterling- 

AdmlraJ HoUmaji'a Beuoni.. 

Tbe German Naral lliuisier eiplaiced to the lUiohatag tbat 
the re&soo for the demanda waa tba* th^ QoTernment wiahed tA 
make G^raLany fitroog enough to iight both A^out aad aah^re. 
He decl^r^d tt^t it miutbe rendered intpouible for bd enemy 
t« bQabletobloolcade thaOerman coaata- He asinred thetn tbat 
the pr«aent fleet waa inadeqaate to prevent this ajid unable to 
exert pTHaaate in diatant aoaa. which waa what Germany had to 
be Able to do, or her infiuenoe, t« quote what the Admiral ia 
i«port«d to bi^ve said. " woiild go to tbe devil.' At preeent 
Germanj haa two battleihipa in hand, ihe A'a umn Friidrich III. 
and the Eriat; Fricdrkh 4er Orottt, the »rmoiir«d oroieer EnnU 
LaptVf, tbe eeoond-olaaa otuiaer E'f^> Fr^y, and foflr other* 
known at preaent by tbe lettera K. L. it. and JV., the foarth-olaaa 
omiaer 0,, and a diTiaionsl torpedo boat The propoaala to 
whiah 40 tnaofa oppoaitioii haa been shown include four battle- 
ihipa, the eoat of which ia to be SU.OOO.CKJU' majki, six second- 
olau orDiaeif at a ooat of 84.CD0.0a0 rnarki, una gaii'boM, two 
deapatob tioata, and twenty-aeran torpedo boata. Babaeqaeotly 
when defending the oew programme Admical HoUcnan deolarad 
that tbe demanda were the minimnra of what were required, 
empbaaiiing thia by atiiking the table in the Chamber with hie 
Set^ It ifl aiippoaed ibat the Beiohatag will be dieaol'red if the 
demande ore lefoud, and tbe Seoretary (or th« Navy haa 
t^udeied bia reel gn&t ion, bat it haa not been accepted, althoDgh 
it ia aaid tbut he haa made np hia miBd to reaign tmleia the 
Eaiimatu tor 189'7-!4 an vo^- 



Tha '■■ SoFd BxprCM."— Tbe new daily aervioe of the " Nord 

Expreav," 'roiii de Itue, between Oatend and Berlio will bo 
iaaagurated ou the Ut of May. Gn Wednoiday and Baturday 
in eaoh weeki, the aerrice will be extendod io and from St. 
PeterabuTg.but tbe apecial aleamer now laaring Oabend on Thura- 
dayat l.;jOp.m.,on the arrival of tbe train from 8 1- Pet*" burg, 
will aitei' that data depart on t'riday. and a aupplemoatafj 
■pecial ateamet will leave Oetwd for Dorer on each auooeadi&g 
Monday. 



16 



THE HABINE ^GtlNEEB. 



[April 1, 1897. 



THE COMBEgnENCES OF COLLISIONS TO 
LOADED OIL TANK STEAMERS. 

Bt H, Josbva FatLLifs, f'.l.C, f .C.S, 

IN hia capacity as technical adviser to various cor- 
pora,tion& upon queations relating t& the safety of 
the impoitOrtioD ol petrolQum into thie couutry, the 
writer has frequently been asked as to what would 
bappoQ to & loaded oil tank steamer provided it took 
part in & colliaioa. Conae<]uent upoc no iDBtructlve 
coUiaioD having taken place up bo the present time 
nothing of a dennite Qature could he stated. Of course 
much would depend iipoQ the nature and whereabouts 
of the damage together with the state ol the slemeuts. 
if a hole were knocked into the engineer's department 
ID the vicinity of the w&ter-liae the vessel would 
doubtless aink, or if two or three tanks ware tora open 
the vessel would sink so low that the amouat of free 
board left would be iuadequa.te for the safety of the 
vessel, eepecially in a rough sea, l>amage done to the 
coQetdama would occasioc a leEik of oil into the stoke- 
hole, which would doubtless tftks fire and very probably 
be followed by an explosion. 

DiffereuceB of opinion having been expressed a? to 
the result of aji opening made into the oil tanks, at 
voiiaas depths below the water-line, a model tank 
vessel was constructed, and into the tank amidships 
therBj^botedJ eii holes — iirfc ^sketch — provided with 



brought Oat Bomd more 0)1 &nd at the Bame time some 
water gained admieaioD con&eqaent upon the opeaing 
being occaaionally under water. 

No, 1 plug was now inserted and the tank refilled 
with oU and No. 2 plug taken out. In steady watee 
the oil ran out to the bottom level of the opening and 
the vessel rose above the line, In rough water more 
oil ran out and the outside water ran in and ean.k to 
the bottom, and this displacement of oil by the water 
continued to take place until the whole of the oil was 
oliminated and water had taken its pla«e. 

No. 2 plug was inserted and the t&nk refilled with 
oil as before and No. 3 plug taken out. Oil isfioed out 
of the opening and aac^nded through the water to 
the surface, the vessel was slightly raised, but the 
opening stUl remained under water. It was observed 
that while the veaael was in con^paratively emooth 
water, water graduallyenteredandmsplaoed oil, which 
isBu&d to the surface in globules ; in rough water this 
actiou was accelerated, the vessel at the same time 
slightly sinking — owing to the difference in gravity ol 
the liquids — untU the water entering the tank toee 
above the opening, the remaining oil in the tank 
permanently Soating upon it. Similar experimentQ 
with openings Nos. 4 and f> gave the same results, no 
further oil escaping when ^a water had risen above 
the openings inside the tank. 

Upon an opening being made at (he keel of a 
loaded tank, oil would run out until the levels were 




loosely fittine rubber plugs. The holes were equi-diatant 
from each outer, (1) being above the water-line, ('2)ou 
the water-line, (3), (4) and (5) below the line, and (6) 
at (he keela. In each of the experiments tried, 
pretroleum oil, sp. gr, '825, was poured into the 
experimental tank to a definite mark above the water- 
line and hrat openingj and the vessel floated in a 
raaervoir of water aad balla&tied until it sank to the 
level of the water-line. The vessel was towed about 
la tbe water by means of a piece of string fastened at 
the bow, and a rough sea was imitated by agitation 
of the water. 

Upon removing the plug from No. 1 hole under the 
above conditions in steady water, the oil ran out just 
below the hole, the vesfiel at the same tim& slightly 
rising above the water-line ; upon the vesael being 
made to travel in rough water, the rocking and rolling 



adjusted, but in a rough sea some water would enter 
thus a loaded steamsr with an opening mode at tbe 
keel could proceed on her voyage without losing a 
great quantity of oil. 



Ifod and Bteel Initltute — The umuftl m»etliiK of Ihii 
InatiluLa wilJ be L«ld at tba Inatitaliou of Civil BugiDeera. 
Qreab Oeorga Street, Lnndoii, on Tuesday' luiii Wedcioaday. tba 
llth a.ad ISth of M^y, 181r7. At this meeting tbe uuaaoil will 
preaent tkeir r»p4Tt fo' tLe year IBSG, the preside c>t-el«ct will 
delirer his ionvgursl «ddreM, tm4 a aambH «f pHpen will b« 

lead Bbd diAOaBMd, Thn BUB6m«r Gold Medal to 1S9'7 Wil! b« 

Er^B^nted ta Sir FNd«rii:le A. Ahel, BArt., K.C.B., D.C.L., 
i.Si;.. F-K.g. Tbe annua.! dinner of tfae Instilate will b« held 
OQ M&y lull, in Ibe grand hiill ol tha Hotel Cecil. A iletidled 
programme will be Uiiued in diia oourse. Tbe Kotiimn meeting 
of tbD iDitittita will be held st OacdilT. Aogiut lOtb to i&ib. 



April 1, 1897.] 



THE MAETNE EKOINEER. 



17 



I 



THS FLSETS OF THE MAIL LINES, 
(Trmn 9W eun Corritpondant.) 

Live rpoo 1 ImiroTomeati. 

THE eitecsion of fBcilitiea at Liverpool goes on &pue 
though therein not raiioh ''booming the port" in ihe 
t>&ily Preu. The Iat«Bt additioo to the oonveDieiices oF the 
port wtki the oposlng to th« public on ths I'iih March ol the 
northera citenaion of the UuiiDg' Mage. Tbia eitonaion add^ 
ftsollier 400 It. (o tbe ioirmei reapectable total of '2JG3 ft., ao 
that tbe landing Mn^f ia oow upwrnidH of half a mile in leoglli, 
Itbu alt&incd tha greatest «iz6 poBsible ttt it far ezlenBton, 
BODthwarde it is barred by the Flnckingtan Bftsk, trhilat the 
cattle jetty, which forms [lart of the preseDt additian. forbi^B 
any fortboc developmentB to the northward. This jeti; la a 
very sobstantial stmctQra, like all Mergey Dock Board work. 
It ia deaigoed to deal with (be Irieh trsfliQ. But indirectly it 
■Daat beneSt ev^ry trade, for it will free the laadiag stage 
prob*t from Ihis miied trsffic, nhich i& » di'fficnU one to deal 
with, and wiU BO give a greM addition to the preeont iu«anH itf 
dealing with purely passenger traffic of tha ocpa.Tii Hnd 
GOSSting and exoDreian trading. The jetty, aa ita Dime impltea, 
is a filed structure boilt on pilea itnd it it tber«foro aQat>!e Lo 
tJH and fall, like the landing stujie., with tbe strocfn Meraey 
tide. Being ft- £itare it ifl made iacidentally atrong eootigh !« 
4qI M a kitad of dolpbin lor the pr'otectioti of 1he etKges (rom 
umilar ooUiiiou with untuanni^eBble veaacla. Bat the dificnLty 
of iti immovability is met by ihe fact that it ia conatraoteil 
with tbi«e plBtfoTiDB or deohs, one of wbi^b will be available 
luidc'r any lidaj condition. There nill be faiind every applUnce 
for the cheap and rapid handling of paBa«Di>ere, baggage, cargo 
and oattle.. The laet item is, of oonrBe, a very important one 
ia tlis Irlab trade, and tbe aalinah will step almost direct from 
tb«ir alKAnMr tp th^ir r»Uway trook on tb« Rivereide Railway. 
It ii believed that tbe coiu'etiienoea aaw given will bo oo 
r^Dftble as to make it obviously advantageoui to importera to 
deal wiih their cattle b«re in preference to goading them on ta 
Uancheeter by bbrou^h stenmera iip tha csoal. t have only 
onofantt to Snd with the Dock Go&rd on the oomplelioD of 
tUa two years' job. It ie that tbey are maldne no ''"^b or 
diaplay in conneatioa with IheopeninB. The pablio nets nob 
allawed en the eiteimioil one day, the ii«xt the barrLera were 
nmovnl. This is the Dock Board'a way. It ia a ma^oificent 
my, no doabt, but it is not the w&y of modem bnaineas, nor is 
it the way of rival potts. " Advettiae. advertiEo, advertise ! " ia 
the ory to-day, and if there be anything still to he done after 
thai it ia "advertise agsja.'' 

Huvi C, W Vftllock a C». 

have lost their senior partner since I last referred to 
Ibem in these notes. Tliia gBiiMtmiin had, however, long since 
CBased to take any active part in the work of the lirm whoao 
QisnagemGnt has Ion gj been, and et til icmaitLS, in the handa >if 
hi* aon »nd Mr, NeJegn Camoroo- The flrni ha,a entered on iM 
re-bnilt ofBcee in Water Street, Liv<i-pcHl, during the preient 
month of U&rch, and the new premises are well worth a visit 
from those wbo are interested in tbe Listory of merchant ship' 
piDK. One niDst regard siioh an office aa that of Messrs. 
KelTock from a doitble point of view. The first and moet 
importaat to ile onners in naturslly the convenieneo tor the 
efmienk and rapid conduct of their bnsinese, and for the com- 
fort andattra^ticrtkolthoaanitb «honi the^ do bueibess. In thie 
r»^rd it is atttSoient to say that everything which lottg expert- 
enoe, careftil insist into the working of their baHoee!! and 



expenditure of money can do,' baa been doco. The 
otbn point of viev is tfast which affeols aa. It ia the 
historio*] Bod artistic sapert. In these roomx- dlted out with 
liskndsonifl teak fcmitui^ and psnelliog frooi tb«l yard of 
Trell known Mersey tihipbiiil.ders — will be s<en looah that ia 
eonneoted oith the development of the scienoe of ahipbnilding. 
We have drawings, prints and oil piotmres of many famons 
rsMelsof Ihe old days. AmooeHt these may be instanced the 
Attanlio liner tifrrjiDo/, which sailed from the Keteey to New 
York ID Ihe uroe year as did tbe (irtin IVetitrii k-iive the Avon 
on hor firet trip to the westward, the famono AQBtraliaa clipper 
•bipjfrff JdrAtJ ol the While Star Line, which ree^el ia eonie 
tort is tbe aiii>eBtresa of the leviatbhn bDildiQ^ ht Belfast. . A 
fast Dumber e( models «.nd half laodels udom the walla. These 
Isoltide the Bamlitr, the> p&diiile blockade runner ol Mr. Taylcr's 
booli, and other vesselB of historicsil JnteTcat The whole 



models include a very beantifolly oonstniDted Indiaman. The 
removal of the plaakinK in thia case shows the immense strengtb 

of hercnntitrttotion. Nearby is a rovolvinia; ohair wliioh ia now 
a GommoQ enongh objeot of the paseeni^er itteanier'a saloon. Bat 
I bis one ia the first of the race. It came from the saloon of 
the 6r9t 0[«n.m>, aad before it w&a ooostni^cted, beaohea, with 
wooden haeks were the most IniTurioos sealMoflered to the ocean 
traveller. Then there is tbe auetiuneer's restrain ^torched above 
a ooloaaal halfleitgtb tigorehesid from .a Dritish man-of-war. 
This is protected by a Ma rail at tbe orthodox style, and further 
interest attftjihea to it when we know that it oame from tbe 
Last a<inBtrai:t<.'d of old England's wooden whIIb. Thepnvnteoffioe 
bae in«iiy treaaures, amount which I may manlion oertnin 
gnaint pieces of Liverpool pottery. These are connected with 
a vary iitteresting snd obeeleieooBtom. In the daja when these 
vBMela—whlob are chiefly jngs— wera ^mADufoctored, the old 
pottery works at the HeicnUneum dock were still flonriahing. 
and ship tauDches were matters of rarer occurrence and of far 
greater inUTeet than similar events are conaidcred to-day, and 
BO it was tbe pi^stOm to give evMyone connected wiih the ship 
i, porniaiient memorial &i her start m life. The buildsTs hod a 
soorc' or so of jof^s or cnps maiie at the pottery and dis- 
Iriboted them amongst the pcrsoDB who were inlereBted in the 
odventore. TbessspeoiaJ jugs niti be fonnd to have on tbsir 
sides. repreecutatiQT) of the ship which caused their manufacture, 
as well atf 9iKb further detuila as the onnere' names and pOB' 
sibly the arma i>t the port. As a eorabiretioii of a raojem 
bueinsBB booae and a museum and picture g^sltery of the: days 
that are gone, the new ofiioe of Uesara. Eellooh is as nniqne ai 
it isiatersBting. 

The "Saint Plerpe " 

1 mentioned a jeai or so ^o in this oolama the very esoelleat 
plaq of oqr French neigbbDiirB in 6tting oat and eendiog' to aoa 
« hospitnl ship for the benefit of their fiBher-follc, I »1*p told 
how, anfofCutiBlelf , the little craft was l^at before she hod 
opporinnity to do more than indicate the vest amount of good of 
which abe was capable The charitable and thoa^htFol people 
wbo equipped her were not to be disooaraged by a mishap of 
this kind, and they promptly built % new teasel of the aama 
name to siioceed her. Tbe laonrb t«ok place on tbe ISth of 
Morob. and the vesselj whioh is cooimnnded fay Captain Rabin, 
was well forward at tke Ciine. It was Loped that early ia April 
she npald be ready to nikJce her Gi^t croifte- On tkia oooaaLi>4 
ahe is to oonfine ber work %a the English Cbonael. Bat I fanoy 
that, hka her prodeeessor, she wlII evetitnally fied her way to 
the banks of Newfouedlend, where there is a very large Qeet of 
FrQDcU vensels engaged in cod-Habing. Some of these vemc la 
oie barques of considerable tonnage, carrying a good many men, 
and as they ate away from their home ports for considerable 
periods and ore eipoeed beyond all other dsbermen to tbe risks 
of DolliiioQ, anybbing that can odd to their oomfort ia worthy of 
tbe higheat Domnondation. 

fleoBitlve SoutbunptoD. 

The peotiliar form of aelf-ooDfeioasrieae and ranity which 
tifDioba Boatbamptoa oad those oonneo^ted with its port has just 
tad anotlier illostration. It may he rem^mheied that some two 
or three yeaiv ago, whaa the unfortaoate North Oermsn Lloyd 
liQer F.iht was snuk in the North Sea with great loaa of life, ths 
Well India Royal Muil CuiopBDy, or some person ooniiected 
iherewith, published a natine that it was not ihrir Elhi that waa 
lott. Tbe notice was designed to qniet the fears of the relativM 
and friends of tbe craw and pasMngerB of their ship, so it was 
said. But their eioelleat old ship Etlie was comfortably [q dook 
at Southaniplon at the time and in no ease ooald have been oil* 
Iiovestoft. Tbere were no paaaengers on board and the" oretr" 
w»a probably a ship-keeper or so- Bat BoathAtppton saw * 
chance of getting ita nsiue in print and that was eaoagt. No* 
the Union Compsfiy — too big a MmMm, obe would have thought, 
for such CriviaUty — has pubUahied a notiae that their steamship 
iVirrni'in ia not miasing. It appears that a North- East Coast 
steamer of small site, whose name is not even identical with 
hers (though it is trse it is somewhat aimilar in lonnd), ia 
overdue, and the opportonity to got a paragraph ia not to faa 
rsBisttd. 

Ths New Irish Hall Servloe. 

The new boats were to be ready to commence the service in 
April. One or two of ibcm have been on the station nearly six 
weeks. As far as can be 7earitl the vesseiiB are sJI that can be 
du8ir«d. But aatil they actually bf gin to carry passengers and 



18 



THE MABINE BNQINEEB. 



[April 1, 189T. 



perforca their otdiakry wotk it -nill be very difSonlt to ftjrive 
ft! KDf iMDOIoaloa m to tbe extent to wbion the; will escesd 
thAir giuru3lM4 p4rfomiAiic«. Th^t tb«y will b« op to it >i 
wu9«nt«d b; tba nftme of their buiMevB. But thU aid eetab- 
liohodBrm hai « gre&t horroi- of nh«.t it cUJi " rcportere," *nd 
tries to exalnda them altogether, fDrnUbin|i> the preas with 
DOtioes compiled by iti attit employ^. 8ucb aoticm. tboaKh 
ftppftrcDtly ftcoepted, with sU their well cbo9»n epithets, by tbo 
dihilj preae, are Apt to bo viewed witb Bomo doubt l)y tboH wbo 
knon what trial trips are under Drdinary tirooniBtADOM and 
who bpprMiatd Ihfr magaitnde i^f the task eet before tba 
builders of thoBe nyers. Trlt.la wonld be abeolatoly anneees- 
ury if there were n«ver nay hiti'hB9. 

Nob DDly iDKj WB Bxpeot to see a revolutLon ia the mo, part of 
tlie joamey of Her tdftjoity's mails tor It«laDd. but we msiy 
■Jbd look tor ab&n^ea i;i their land transit, t called atteation 
t4 tha difl'proocQ id the speed of the Irish Uail train sod thair 
of the. A agaat • • racor " to Bcotland in the aotiimn of lost year. 
I showed now the third-olaea paasenge)- was given a ano-ed knd 
oonvenienoe on hie roftd to StMitland wbicb wae denied to 
pLiBen^TB of even soperior cUbms bonnd for Ireland, whilgt 
the third-oloagi !NUB»«nger ia altogether esoluded from tba 
Pljine IriehmaD. It now appeats that there will be aooelora- 
tioD ot the EuBtoa ani Ro'lyfaead portion of \he joamo}- And 
that Ifaird-cIhBB paw^ii^cra willciow beoarri-ed bj tberaall. Coa- 
Siderabl^ preparuti&na are bein^ made to cope with tbe 
iooteiLaed traSio whiob redooed ta.to» and larger (acililiea are 
expected to bring. 

The C^nacilu JLuitralliui Roy*] ■•tl Steunihip Oompuiy 
has been f-onned to work the line between Vftuoouvet »,aA the 
British oolonies in tbef&reoDtb. This line, aa moat readera 
are aware, was alarted by Mr. James Huddart (lome two or 
three yeara Ago with a couplo of modern eteamers, aod it baa 
^ne on with Haoh eucoeag and ao rapid a development that 
■Irvady a third v-ceael it on hot WAy ont to aogmeot the asilinKB- 
Meanwhilt- thinge do not move very rapidly towarda ue 
ioaagiiTatioi) of the fut eerviee on the Atlantic, The Uet 
leport to band ia to the effect that an Eut Coast firm hu 
■nooessfnlly tendered to tho Canadian Uoveriinient for the 
twenty-knot »er\-ic«. The taoder ia said to bo far lower than 
that of Meaaifl. Allan, The firm who are reported to have 
been sncccaBful have not, so fat a> I am aware, any experienoe 
in the worliing of « niAil wrvioe and it ma^ very well be that 
Ibey da net Iraaw the denrtAndi whii;b it mabea npon both 
fleet and manafjera. Theee demands are of aaarve well known 
to the tlrm which ban been the pioneer in the Canadian Mail 
■en'lce and it mj^ht have been worth a little premium to 
aecore their esperienoe. Tbat Lb worth eomethin^, and the 
abeolntely lowest tender ie not always the moat satiaitctory 

Kow is ibo p«ritxi of the year when we may oipeot the reports 
of Steamship oompanies. Some of tbam are of considerable 
■ntereit. Thnir tor eiample, wo had that of Lbo West India 
and PuiiSe StaamAhip Company, whioh owdb now some 70,000 
tona of ateamera. oneflfet of which Is bbflolatoly nun. Three" 
fiftba more are of the tnoet modern type of hnll and engine, and 
the remaicing fifth onlf has iKtrnponnd eag'inee. Tat thia moat 
naafnl fleet, which hoe shown itsetr capatile doriog the laat year 
of earning a Tory big dividend, is Talaed in tlie oompanj's booke 
ata price far lover per ton than thetof many a company whose 
old veaaele are mec« rehiolea for the raaning up O'f eipenaea, and 
whoAe macbiaerj ia the oaase of prenaCarcly ageing its 
tagineera. 

The African fiteamahip Company, which ia und^r the Able 
management ot Meura. Elder, Dompater A Co., <>t Liverpool, 
pays a satisfactory dividend. Aa ia probably well known to 
most readers, this oompany. in oonjanction with the British and 
African Bti^&in Navigation Company, wbioh ia aoder tt)e game 
manafiemenb, has a pradtical monopoly of (he trads trom British 
Mid Continental porter to the Weal Coaat ot Africa, It baa oon- 
oeotione with varioue other oompaniaa, no that one cannot go 
tbrooKti Ll4< tieet a-nd aay esactly how macb boDoage it onn bLow 

for its oepital. Bat one iiieea » oooHtaul aocceaion of nev *eH«]B 
Boitahle for its expanding trade, and a aorTOefK^ndin^ disAppear- 
aneeof the older type of Teasel- In addition to its Afrioan fleet, 
this oonoera haa a large fleet of general oargo * esaels. Amonget 
tbaaa ware some which were chartered to iheAllantio Transport 
Company. Daring the year jnet expired two of theae ware per- 
Bianontly takenorerhy their oharter ata. Then there are others 
which raa in tbo ATonmoatb serrioo of the Doinunion Line, and 
a third oloee engaged in the oobUm trade. Amongst these laat 



« 



I 



are the XUvmktt, which bu jut, on ber maiden trjp, brmight 
the biggeet ovgo ever a^iit out fVom the port at New Ofleans. 
HeroApM^ity la aaid to be SS,000 bates of cotun. On this 
oocaeioQ she earried nearly 19,000 bales, besides a vast qoanUty 
of ootton seed, grain,, capper, and staves. The wbole dead' 
weight ahipped amounted to nearly 9,000 tons, eiclnsive of bar 
coal. She has ehown. however, that her bjm is qnite aa great 
aican tnut to ailngle iorew, and the new vesaelB now building 
for the line are to have doplioate maohineiy and twin sorewa. 

Th* PaelH^i Bteku RavIgBtLoo Coapuy 

bee had anotbor diaaetor to its Orvtavn. It WM only ■■ the last 
iwae o^tbaUaBlH■EHaI^EE& that 1 waa dJaooBsing tbe fiqding 
of the Boacd of Trade I&qniiy into the oircBmatanoee enrrotoid- 
ing this Tsaael'e oapaiaipS at Tilbnrr. At the time I wrote the 
veeeel waa agAJc in ttouble. She got eafely as f ar aa the Ued 
Sea nnder ber new lunnmander, and than, at 10.30 [>,ni. an 
Pebraaiy SSad, went aabore on a eoral reef aluat SO miles west 
of Perim. A oorreapondenb of the Tiaci alleges that in a rnn of 
60 mjtei LhS' vessel got as mncih aa IS miles oat of her cooive. 
Be tbat aa ic may. she managed to get welloD to tha nef. If har 
look in getting into tronble is phcnomenali she ia aqo ally re- 
markable for the way she gets out agtitn. Tb« corsl did not 
appamtly damage her eki>>. foata wera sent oft to PeHtn and 
Asaah, sad aasistance qqickly fetched. H.M.8- CcniieJt wai ■ 
«oon on the acane, as wer« toga and Ugbt«n, and the telegraph- ^ 
ship A.mbfT, A feeling of seenrity wae thna given to bar i 

paaaengers, who after aii Aa.'jt delay were taken by the P. & 0, 
!B.a. Giingfi to Aden with their baggage. Some of them thenoe 
got tba finlfaarar. which left London the week after they did, to 
t^e them on the road bo Anatralia, and the remainder had tfi 
wait another week for the Oritnt Oompwiy'a Opkir. I oaanot 
quite underatAud how the damage, wbioh the Timet com- 
apondent telle ne was enstained by hia own and hia frlead'^s 
baggage, took plaoe. That and the delay witi make tham 
remember Ehe Oroiava for some time ta 'Come. Having 
lightered a good deal of carga the veeael oame off the reef 
nnd reaohed Perim on March ith- ■ Bare she WB« anrrejed and 
allowed to proceed. She reached Colombo on the same day aa 
tba anooeeding atoaoier, the Opbir. No donbt another inqniry 
will follow, and it is wel 1 not to make too free oommeute on the 
matter till all the Bvidenoe ia before ns. 

Diwitcn. 

It would seem as though the year 1897 was to make itself 

a repatatk>n of no enviable kind for the disasters which hnve 
taken plaoa In its oonraa. A Dotcb sbeanier boa been lost with 
all banda off Ushant in the month uf Uar^ih. The Compagnie 
Ovnende Transablantiqae- njoally free from ■orioos trouble, haa 
lost a large veatel on ita. new line from Kew York to the West 
Indiea. This wae (he Vilie de S. Nasairt, one of their older type 
of ship, She onoonnterod a heavy g»le in that region of ttonm 
oil Cape Eatteras. The vesael made water eo tepidly that tha 
boats were the only reaooMse of those on board. Yet the 
weather was so bad that only fonr of har complement of eight 
ware BOCMesafnlly put in the water. Of these three wera 
capsized, and the remaining ana alone got away. She had soma 
as soals aa board. Bot it waa seven daja before BBSiatauoa 
reached her, and ber ooonpaDla were redaoed to fonr when a 
aohooner at lost picked bar up. As may he imagined, the oondi- 
tion of the aarrivore wm pitiable and atmoet hopeleas. It waa 
at first believed th>t some 7^ p?r^na ware thaa lost. Bnt on 
March '21at thp SaUet Wil/tilm II., of the North-Qerman Lloyd 
Mediterranean aervioe, reaoLed Mew York with the newa that 
she had ipoken a vessel which wilb betteved to have aome 16 more 
Borvivors of the ill-fatad VUU dt S. Nmairt on board. Thia 
vessel IB not dae Till Uarch Slat, and ao the feart and bopea of 
those interested in her paseengera and orews ara kept al tba 
highest tenaion for eomo daya still. 

The terrible paaaage^ made by some of the Atlnutii> boate have 
been ver7 nolkeabl^. One Bbbtbt liner — not a ^Vhite Bts,r boat 
as the 'Time» end other papers alleged — waS 25 duys Ooming from 
St. John, New Brnnswiok, to Liverpool. She oarried aboot -kOO 
animals, inolnding horaea, oattle and sheep, and of these not 
ene raaehed port, Some were kilted by tha eeas ; the majority 
bad to he thrown overboard aa there was no watar for tbem. 
Tba veeeel enoonntered had weather and ahipped sn mach water 
that her Qrea were eitingniahed. Moreorer she took a heavy 
list. It is said that abe owes her safety to the faot that her 
donkey-boiiar was not on a level irith the others, and that thaa 



I 



April 1, 1897.] 



THE MABINE ENGINEEE. 



19 



I 



I 



wb«B tber wen lloodad out It WM >tlU nv^Ue of (rMtog; tlw 
■hip and »ii«bliBg tbem to be got to work agata Tbo i.baid»«D 

Ijnar Lord Oeugh iru 27 dftjs f^om Shi)>ldn io 8t. JohQ, acd tbe 
fanuw tinier Halijdr City 24 dajri froni Loadon to Hnlil'ai. 

The CnoAFct Un*. 
Prona tb« Oanbrd Co™p*ny I h»TO raooiTed a framed liiid 
oalouted lithogr&fl of tbair RajbI Mai] «teamfrc /,«rania &a ibe 
li«akt her berth ktthe LiTerpool tBiiding--Bta^. The piotore ■■ 
KTCrj piod ooDipa.[iioii to that ieaa&d whan the giaat Ganfkrdere 
first WDM out. Tbis. it mk/ be roictamberfd, ropreaanted the 
diflaranoe of cha ahipa of to-day and tbo«>e with whioh Colambna 
dteoTer»d tbe New Wnrld. Tbs pneaent piotare hM the addi- 
tional ftdrantoga ot utowiDg vary otMrly how real are tbe facili- 
tiei uow graolfid Co pnoBeDeera trnTelling by B^ntub liaeB to 
Amvrioa, LiTfirpool aow eim tnin-to-boftt oonTenleDcea bb 
mnoh eM &ny othar port, and th» tDora thU piotare is oiraal&led 
andVgvttlu traTelling pablio tbe betl^c for Brltivh pBiSMnBer 
Uaaa. 

"WliydoOimajdeTaneFar wear oat? " iroDld b»agood qiiHttan 
lor a debatiag Boaiet;^ of yaaog Naval arohiteota. Th« Samaria 
waa ■Dpi9raaded long ago on the Bogton Line and baa reoentljr 
bMH oii]ptiJ7»d in cbe MediterrBneaii trade. Even there ihe 
is ibortly to be replaced by more modern abipa. Yet in her old 
aga ahe aaaoessf ully carriea out a, piece of aatrage work of whiob 
a moch yoiLSger oraf t talgbt well be pioud. Hiimenard bound 
from Qit>r«l bar in the wont of the bad waathel nhiiohi chsiaq' 
tvriwl the taontb of Uarch, 11^7, she fell in with an iron >hip, 
the Sthif^iiceTfl, of Flenibar^, derelict In lat. 47*1S' N. and long. 
B36 W. Captain Baoon determined la bring tbe veaael into 
MtfAj, and ao tbe chief offloer and 16 men ot the Samaria were 
pat CD board th« aailer, for ^he ae«ded a good orew, bsing a cnft 
of only laUi under a thousand tone reglater. Three daya toirags 
was n«eded to bring the Tease] intia Qaeetigtoirn. irhare aba wai 
left io. safety, her roftooer proceeding- for Liverpool. The 
Sihiffnvtrft r/%t bouod fKim San Niopla^ for Plymontb with a 
oano of K^aizei ^h^q abo wa? nbi^Ddaii^il^ And hikd Ipflt a gpod- 
daal of ber tapha »par aatrS'll aa RDstainiiig a good de-dcr injdfy 
to bar deoha throngb falling apara. Ke newi of the oreir baa 
f^ ootoe Io hand, but the foot, thnt the inatnimenta of nBvigttion 
ware atill on board ieemi to point to a vary bnrried departnie on. 
the part of thoaa in ohaife of her. 

k T«w(i^e ioBldeot 
of a verr aerjena kind baa befallflo tha JobnatO'D linac Tent-pie' 
mart, Bhe, like ao many other linera, benka down in tbe Atlantic 
daring the recent beavy weather. At Uat ihe tvaa picked ap bj 
another of her onnera' vaiMU and ira-i towed for lome days 
towarda Liverpool wiiboat anytbiDg remarkable ooourring. But 
anddoitlf thsnirergpewbiclioonaeoted tL-e two veMetanatoftiried 
^War and the reboond cftu^^d eerioae Aj^d fbtal d&ma^. The 
captain and one man wore Iciilsd on the spot and ioar others verj 
■KiDiiHly injured. Wa are aeoDStA-oied to realise from, preriana 
Hoidente wbak havoo i> wrought by the rebound of laob power- 
(ol ropea broken under heavy atMiiu, hut for all that it wonld 
asam that the aimplB pracaation of towing with tba win h>.wBer 
fixad on to tbe chain oable of the folloiving ship ia not often 
adopted. Tha practice haa enabllad gmall TesaelB to make head- 
way with much lur^r abipe behind them, and it tends aleo to 
reoder towage mooh more steady and eHfi for tba weight oi tbe 
obaEn aot» ae & apring or Bj-w1im1 to abaorb iudden ahoofcs and 
■uvina in a aenway. 



^ 



OBITUARY. 

WILLIAM WILSON HDL8E. 



THE annanDOemeat ot the dectth of &[r. William Wilaon 
Holse, which tw>! pUce on Uarah 30th at ht« roBldence, 
The Grove, WithiitgtaD, near MaDaheater, ia hia 7Tth year, will 
be received with deep regret in fingiDearing oirolea ganerBny. 
Ur. Holae bad tor some lime put been in tailing health, having 
practically withdrawn from &ctive participation in buaineu 
maltera tor the laat ni months, and an attack of apopleiy was 
IhafmiDCdiate CAiiiie ot his death. Mr. Holr^ had (or Dearly 
MjVU* been praminently asaooiuted with tbe develgprnenl; of 
BiMhAiSicAl engineering in the Laooaahire distrtot, and fof the 
bat l^jsarg had tba wis direction ot the well-known engioaer- 
iiigwotkaol Messrs. Halae & Co.. BaUord. which, nadet hia 
eontrel, bava obtuinad a wide rep^ntatloD for (he prodnotion of 



hlgfa-olau maohiDa toala for marine reqoirementi, a aamber ot 
wbioli bave been illuatrated and dfrsoribed in theae colamoa. 
The fcilJavriDij deUiU itt Mr Hqlae's q»raer will, therefore, be 
apeoially interestiii^ to our r^adera. Mr. EnlM was bom 
Jon« 19th, 1821, at Amber, in Derbyahire. where hia (atbar via 
a cation apinner. and it was at the □leohanicB' abop ih cxmoso- 
tion with the ootEon-mill that ha and bia cousin, Mt. — after- 
wards Sir — Joaepb Whitworth, first made acquaintance with 
QDgineerinK wxtrk. Mr. W. TV. TIaltie (as also hia bcotber, Ur. 
J- B. Hcilae) HTibBMjnently ^rv^d hia apprantioeahip at the 
well-known WhUftofth Wocis, eatahlinhed by hia Cbnain in 
Ohorlton Btvaet, MaBehaater, altimatety heooming man&gitig 
parlneT. Tberahe devoted special attention to deaigiting ma- 
ohine tools, and to the ordnance and amali arma jo prominently 
asaocialed with the nama of Whitworth. The pnrtnerahip waa 
diaeolrad on tha 6rn3' osing oonverted info a limited liability 




ooiapany, and Mr. Halae oommenoed a profeeaional career aa 
nonsnlting engineer at SS, King Street. Manchester, Ur. i, 6. 
Hntse, who had eat^bliahed trorks lq Ordsal, died in ISfll., aBd 
Mr, W. W. Hnlae then relinqnisbed much of !ii« conamliiDg 
piaatioe in order to take in hand bis, brotber'it buASDOBx. It ie 
dne to hia nntiring energy and skill in desigitiai^ that tba 
Ordsal Worka have been hroagbt into the prominent [loaltioD 
thBV occupy to-day. Ba took out many patents while aaeooiatad 
with (he Whitworth firm, and anbaeqaentl; in connection with 
both i^rdnttaQe and maahine t&oU for ganerai and marine 
r^i^aireinentfl, and intr'odDa.ed the hollow form of fcamework 
now nnLveraally adopted in tbe mannfaoture of uaehin* ioola 
and other branoheaof engineering. Kr. Halae beosTnea member 
of the Inatitnteof MaohanioalEnginsertin 1664, of the Inatimts 
of Civil Engineers in 16£7, and waa alao a member of the Iron 
and Bteel Inatitate. In 1667 he was appointed and aoted aa 
one of the British judges al tbe Philadelphia Eixhiibilion, and 
also cQloiatad in a si mil ^r capacity at fteieral other imjKirtant 
exhibitii^cia. In laiHJ he »&» ii^vit^d to tead b paper en modarn 
maahine toola before the Institute of Civil Engineers, in i-^oog- 
□ition of whioh be was awarded tha Watt medal and Talfoid 
premiam. 



Tha IppllDatloB of We«il-OanlBf to 81il|ii' Dee«Ta(lofi.-~ 

Wa regret that tha block illDBtrating tbis, article in out last 
isane ahoald have tnmed ont ao badly, not giving oar readera a 
fair idea of tbe fine edges, beaotifnl aai artiBtia ellect wbieb 
can be prodaoed by thia prooeaa. 



20 



THE MAEINB ENGINEEE. 



[April 1, 1897. 



NAVAL ENQINESR APF02NTMSNTS- 



HOAR 



* BROWN'S HARDWOOD MARKET 
BXFOKT. MARCH 26th, 1897, 



tha following appoijitnieiita tutve be«n mads At tti« AdminEtj 
ftom FebniBij 24(11, to M&roh 2Sth, 1^7;— 

AllA&bj. Jabn. N , tusisUnt eo^neer to th6 Siiii P^trtil (Mm- 

porki;), to data Uarch IsC. 
AUes'b^, Jobn N., avfiiitsnt eDgJDeer to tlis Eeiipie [tempoTtay), 

to dftl« H&roh 2Srd. 
AndtTBOD, jfLrthor R., opginaer to tfas Vitiit, ■dditjansl tor Um 

Spider, wbea GaDunMnoned, to data Mamh 1st. 
Andiair, Qeorg^ V.,, aaBialuib ecginear to tbe Ptl»Tiu, to d&to 

March SOtb. 
Atkins, Alfred E., ^Dgitiaer to tba Trttuiie, ndjitiopsl for charge 

gl HtoreB and enginAi ot torpada-boBte, td dat^ Mbrob 33rd. 
Bond, Edtnnnd E.. tngpnett to tha Peithfokt, additional lor 

lightdrftu^ht Teasela buildiog ftt MeBsn. Tbom; croft's &nd 

I'arron't, to data Mitrch 6th. 
Buniatt, William 0., «biaf engiuBer to' tbe Pelorui, to date 

Uanib ItOtb. 
Odi, Pr&Dk Bi, Bidiataiit engineer to the Jtfedvta, to dnM Idaroh 

asrd. 

Donling, Horaa« E., (probntioDac;) oiBiataiit cDgiDcer to tbe 

Poiefrfvl, to t]Glt« U»roh lat 
Downer. Jobn it., ohief Quginaer to Ibe Trihunt, to data UuAb 

9Sid. 
Cnnn. Cbftrles F., engineer 10 the Stlpir. wben onmmiiBtoDad, 
Ellii, Edgw H., ftBginper to the Pvviir/ul, for training sohuoi for 

etadeDti, to date MATch lit. 
QibMs-SngarB. J. S., engiDeer to tlte Dttprrate, to date Harob 

SSrd. 
HBigb, Frascis E. P., urBiilant eogineer (teniHinir;) to tbe 

Boafvpiiurt, ondftted. 
HArris, Herbert W-, eiigiiia«r t« Lba JHelita, to dbte Mbroh I6th. 
Bodkcfi, Wiilibm T., obief engineer to Ibe /•!>, to date Febmai^ 

aub. 

Hnddy. Tarn B., cngioeer to tba Finrf, f or ttKining fchool Tor 

■tudenle, to dalti Maroh Lat. 
JobnfOD. JoliD E., chiaf eDgincec to ths Viidattntnt, to data 

March 23rd. 
Ueililejohn, Harr; J., engineer to the Slnlri, to date Mercb 

I3tb. 
Odaw, E. E,, obi-ff vDg,i^eer, bdil bfen advanced to tba rank of 

Btaff ecgic^et lb Btr UtjeitT'a fleet, 
Oram, H. J., itafl «ogiiif?r, beH b«Fti jidTuscfd lotbervnkof 

fleet enginear in Her tlajeat^'e llett. 
P»rT7. Begjcald W., aDp-inecr toihe Ani<m, lo dale Fcbiasr^ 

26th. 
Pattitou, Alfred B., engiaeEr lotba Hattlemaln, to data Uarch 

igtb. 
Pibwortb, Wniiflm E,, ataff engincGT lo tbe Ecl'v*e, to date 

Marob '23rd. 
Pitt, C„ fleet cugiuecF to tbe Tictoty, for Pertsmeiiilh DockTurd, 

to date March 19th. 
BatvliaEOD, W. W. U , cliief togineer lo the VietO'nf, tat Porte- 

raoDth Dockyard, to date MKfcb 19th. 
Bobcrtaon, Gordon,. ngaiBtant engcDeor to l\ta ShaT^thoMfty to 

SkX-B Marcli lat. 
Bowe. William, (proliatimnrj) acgialBat engineer to ttie T!n. 

i/iranffif, to date Uarah 23rd. 
Sondfl. JwoiB, (probatknatj) DHBiatant engineer to the ZtHpie, 

to date Mai eh 23rd. 
Bbean, ChaI1cH0,.eIlgice*^t»tlle foicrrjul, for I raining (obool 

for gtad(Ti|(, todiile Uari^h let. 
Buitli, D. E., B«et enpitieer to th& PrttiiUvi. for eriTice at the 

Admiialtj, to date March Itflb. 
Smith, Ed^ar C, BMiitent CDgiueer (ttniForaiy) to the /"rmirok*, 

to data Marcb 11th. 
Slooker, Erneet, BBiiatant engineer to Ibe Fif ir/| eopei namciBiy. 

to dote Hatch Srdi 
Stmftj-t, Maitrn, chief engioeer lo tbe Eiiy"'-, when ctiDBiiBBieBed. 
Turner, ThomBa H., enginwr lo the licUp'i, to date Maroh 

TeDDinfr, ThoWaa A., ilBiatatit ergi«e<r (tdnptrery) to the 

Umlatmtfd, oodated. 
Wallis, Willism A., engineer to tbe riti'tf, iddilianal for 

obanie of ttcrte and eDginea of torpcd'c-toeta, lo data 

Mnroh Sllrd. 
WillJame, T. ituff erginerr, fana be^a adiDiKwd to (be rack of 

fieet engineer in Bet Moieat^'a fleet. 



Tkak. — Bu^ioeBfl in MoulmeiD and Bongoon bae be(« 
eitremBJy tiuiet dorJTiJ Ibe laet four weekB, e^jiecially among 
landed Btockboldera, bnt [h« Racgkok floating market baa 
proved more .uliT-p, eeveral oargoea being placed joat lately at 
extremely good pricea- 

It ifl DOW tbd general opinion that Bangkok impottatic na rank 
well with their competitore, and In time will reach equal ¥alae. 
The itock of log stored at Wcet India Docka is onoogh for 
preBEnt requlrementa. 

Piicen at pot t of ebipment DB\!ng been ran v^gradDally (o 
an incrcuae of ^0 to ^0 pf r wit,, baa -caneed tbe conrninptioa to 
fall oR generftllj. B^jQrt ate aby of taking mnrs Etcck than ia 
absolntcly reqaired fciT iaiuaediate uee. 

It ia especlad. tliat foppHes for the coming leaiou will tn 
light. 

PlR.Dks liara adTstioed in rBloe iit ajmpsthj with the loga, 
and ahippera are eipeetimg to get a further rieo npon later 
anivalg, bnt tboiild this l;nppen, tbe i'OQgiiinpt>io& will be 
greatly cbecked, aad ipeoatatiou become ilangeiouB. 

UinooANY— EonnrAAB and Tobjisco. — The importB have 
qnlte kept op with the demand, pricoa ara fnirlj eteady, good 
logs Fetcbiufi fnll snlnre, the minimuBi wocd appeared in request, 
showing a wifliBgadtfahoa. Cum.— Btoclca are getting Teey low, 
there are cow only a Taw email logs obtainable, and prices baye 
advanced coniidierablf . Afuican. — Thia cImh baa come mnch 
to tha Trent Inlol^, and amall to tnediuni sixea are malting a 
better market, loga ot large dimeoBioDB were already higb, and 
priccH bate not benefited further Fa?<AHA. — Good pBicela 
would be »ery accoptable, there ia nothing of any aooennt 
oSering. 

f'DD&K.^SinBll conaigntnentB atill cootinqe to meet wilh will- 
ing btiyera at foil prLcee, abd ttooka are fairly light, with the 
exceplioti ot Parogoay, and in tbia there is little daiitg. Tba 
prioes are eieeptioEaliy low, and it n sDrpriaing tbe tahinet 
trade are not more geeerally lahltig it up. 

AuRKiriH Porr.ia, — Althcogh (ome conanmerB in a large way 
have diacocitinned niing tbia ncod. (be impertatione incraaae, 
aod new mstketa open up, end Ihe trade baa bacoma Teij l^rge 
indeed. 

AM£Rlt:A]>i Wai.KOT.— Owirg to tbe qnaotity Intoly forced at 
public »ale, thn Taloeft ba*c declined, ea^eciaily for tbe aecond. 
cluw gradee, ^^Dt prima logB iLra toIJing tbeir own and fetching 
ercn Bdvaoeed fignTee. 

Amebican LimfiKR. — TbJa btanih is growing daily in nagni- 
tiiiie, and haa bepcne an itLmeBfle feotuiB which cbdb(b tbe log 
trade lo dfcreefe. tbe i*icA gradei ore still nnnch lequited, and 
BuieB have ibown well for importere, the lecond elaea alaihbriiiga 
fair ptirep, butcalla Bronot mnch in fayonr. ejcept at OKeptiiKi- 
ally low QgarsB. 

KtwBiK PiNB.— Tba atock baa decreaeed, a-nd pHcea remain 
Gnn, the enqoitiea aie numeroaa, Lpd th» valcea sre not likely 
to fall, 

giquoi*.— Some fntther forced aalea bave taken place and 
qcolatione are lower, thettockia hea»y for iht) poor conaump- 
tion. 

PADmrR.— Infeaicr "clear-np' Iota" were oeTercd "witboat 

reBeiTe," the reanlt waa a poor one. Nioely rqaared and good 

coloured loga aiowlmt ig wanted, and still fetch the old figivreB. 

Ger-ENUEABT. — SlQckg era light, but tbe demand cootinnfia 

quiet, pricea aie neaV, 

Tbe hardnccd trade ie inolined to be Qat, and tbe proafeob 
doea Dol apT »' ■» ffveorablc u in Ihe year lSe6. 



4 



INSDSTBIAL AND TBAPE NOTES. 



THE CLYDE AHD 8C0TLAMD. 
(/yam our etwi (?orrrip°nd<n(.) 

THE labonr troablcs which we refeiied to in our last iataa^ 
have bren all Ibroogb tba month in a very unatttled ttate, 
lot there ia bow CYeiy bi>f e »( tba difpnte being brought Id a 
aatiBfaotory cci)tIotri>)ii. Tbe |hf eater ed lof tc-ont by the 
employers bga tierciaed ati tDfarcnribte icS-uenca tn trade 
^ getter*! TbadiBpale i« in ileelf a trifling onci aneingfroin 



April 1, 1897.] 



THE MAETNE ENGINEEB. 



21 



> 



I 



k 



■ lliifca ai khe BiuiderlaDd Forgs Go. agaioat btaa am- 
vlojment al msBooietT- men m niBcbixie nork, and in onatlier 
(orm at Sanrow. wbere a itiilce baa occarxed id uonBrqneDce O'f 
tbe attanipt of the Ama1g»ciBt«d So^iietr t>[ Euginoerv ta defijis 
the rate of wagsa t* be- paid nt eftcb mpctine, irreapMi'fiva cf the 
M|Molt]r or Bbility o'f the C)pers.Uir. It i» upan tbis quFBtion 
thftL the FedertLt«d Employars of Scotland, Ireland, nnd tbe 
Nixtb of Eng'tatid deaTn it cecenairy Id h4Te s olenr tuider- 
■tAnduig'. The feeling in genenil in the WefiC of ScoUaDd tbal 
■oonei oi lalflr there is bouad to be a. great iilrugigta bBtwceii 
capital »ad laboarniCb refarenc« to llie empSojmant of vb&t ii 
oalled naBkilled Uboar in the GCDtrolliDg of niooblTier; and 
iwwer tools, 

In tho early part oE bho month the Bagioeera Etnploj«re' 
F«d«fatio9, hft«r eoma oon-Agpqnd^ncc bad [>$.BBed, wrote tp tbe 
Moratu-y of tha A.S.E., etatug- that Lh^y W6ite <iuiti> williog to 
BMt in coalarbace and oonsider Ihe alleged griaruncea a( the 
mea, provided the strikera reaumed norb. OthsrnEse they 
waald, they itated explicitly, be UDd«r the seitwBilty of saki-nK 
all the A.6.E, men ia bbair eoipIoytnetiL to teriniDmte (heir 
engagemeiita. To Ibie tbe Engiuuerd' Eiecutive replied tbut 
Ihey noold meet the emplojara on cka t^rms SDggesLed if the 
latter (roald Hbop ihe man to whom eiceptioii was taken pend- 
liig tlie result ol the ooDrsrenDa, This, howaveT, the eiap-loyeriF 
kbtoluCely deolinod U) do, arguitig that nil that could bo 

aipected of them was that they abosld placie tbinga in exactly 
tha aame poaition as they were bjfore the dispute. Some 
lOFther otuceapoiideQoe paaai^ bat it wan not Dutil a propoaal 
from the FeiloraLion of Sbiptiuildiiig nud Euguooeriug Tradea 
oSoring in th» iateraaia of peaoa, ba take LbeoiauofFt tie macfaiDS 
tor the Lime beiag, which naa a^revd to by the employera aod 
the A.6.G. th^t S'OoutereDfeMuldbe arranged, Tbia is to be held 
JO Lopdon r>a Ap>^l ^^i (D^uinbiiie the look-oat uoticus, which 
»«r» t<> IiKi-« tak^n Q^eot od Uaroh S7th, hafe b«Gii aanOB-lted in 
all the dUtrii!t0. Tb« mDD nho wsawoikiag the disputed Tnaohiae 
atSonderland haa bees withdrairii, And tbeetigineeia that are on 
atrika are to re^mne work during ti?got.iBtLona- 

It ia nadentood thut at the coDtereuce the Foderatioa nill 
have pretent two reprfiaentativea from Belfast, three from tba 
CMb, one from IBarrow. and three from tho North-Eaat Coaat. 

TbseSbotoftbie improved ouLlooh haa been rery marked here, 
when everyone loreaaw a terrible atroggLe if oiioo work ahonld 
he (topped. BeToral fair ^hipbviUdLig coQbracta are reported 
bo faav6 b««B Ulaly placed oti th^ Clyde, 

The liith ordiniiry mMtinfi; ot the West of Suotlaad Iroii aad 
Slaal Institute was held oii Murch lUth, ProfCDBar Sextan pre- 
ndiBg. DiacoBHiou vaa contiuaed on Jilr Willi&m Cuthili'B 
paper on " Flow in Railing of Sli-et,'' and 3Ir. E. L. £head*H 
gaper on " The Occuirenoe of Snlpbur in Iron." 

Hwa, The AiUa Shipbuilding Co. bavo fleour»d a contract 
lot the building of a baodaome ateam yacbt, from destgoa 
by Mr, G. L. Wataon, Glasgow. 

M— W B- Buaaell A- Co,, Port-lJlBsguw, hvrt sMmred an order 
to bnSd a cargo iteamBr (^pable of oarryicg about 7, WD t()ilB 
deadweight far tba Spunieh Grm. Meaars. Lat-finaga. HeBaTit. 
Dnnainnir ft JuikBon, GavaQ, are reported to- have Lha order f^r 
SOpplying the caaohinery. 

Menra. The Clydebank Engine^riTig asd Shipbuilding Co., 
Limited, have receired an order Tor 20 birsea of about 400 ttioa 
each for the ObiueM EantotD Bail way Oo. They havealoo booked 
an oc^er to build a large Bte<a.<ner for the Eiueian Volunteer Fleet. 
The Teeaei will be aboat 7,600 tona groae. &he will bo supplied 
with BellQTille boitera, 

IJAeara, Qarmichftel, Maoleaa & Co., ahiphniildera, Greeiioiok, 
have ooDtraoted to build tar- M«Mra. T. Albert Promptan & Co , 
a powerful twin-aorew tag, to be SO ft. in length, lH ft. ia 
brendth, and V ft. in deptfa. MeaBrff. Campbell ft Dalderwood, 
angiitaeri, Fuiitey, are to aupply the engmea. 

Mcaan. Craipr. Taylor ft Co.. Sbooktoe^cin'Teea, bare seoore'd 
an order from Meaare. ^lucbeth A Gray, Glaagow, for a ateamer 
of about G,000 tone dmd ire ight. 

Ueears. Mackiii A iRaiter, engipeerB, Glaaggiw, have received 
aa onldr for a Aet ot bripl^.e^pauHi^TL euigjiipd from Mf^vrfl. 
Taraer A 0(>., Liverpool. Thoite enifinee are for a eteainer, the. 
ball of which will be built aoutfa of the Tweed, and which will 
aTlerwafda be taken to pieMe for efaipment abroad. 

Ueaan. S. G- Bowatt & Co., Oreonook, haTe obtained from 
the 1*. A O. Co. tbn order for aujiplying the uphalHtery 
turniahioga of the two new mail und pusacnK^r steamers, 
Ssnipc aad ATabie, building by fiteaara. Caird & Co., Qteeoook. 



Ifesara. Ohambera Brothen, boatbnnderi, Greenoei. bare eon- 
IracMd to build eix of their patent collnpaible baata for a Teaaal 
at present being built by Hsbais. Hawthorn, Leatie & Co., New- 
caatle-OD-Tyne. 

MoBara. Alley & UaoLellan are to oonstruot 10 bargee tor tha 
liiuiian Uuvenuiieat. 



TEADE NOTES PROM THE TYNE, WEAR. 
TEES. HARTLEPOOLS. 4c- 



THE TrWH. 

Bhlphulldin^ — At the time of writing the great ahiphuilding 
aud vcgmteriiig ftiQtrea of the north-eaat coast are agitated by 
the exfiectAtioD of a coming struggle batweea the employera 
and tbe trade unioua, whioh ia likely to caat into inalgniiiciLnoe 
all pia^i^ua pondiBtiof tbe kind, aud may possibly initiate a 
radical obanKO io the future relations at raiuteta and workman. 
The iieVioglio has boeu hreught ahcjut by the iaterfsrence of 
tbe Amalgamated Eogiopers' Society with the manai^mflut of 
the Sunderland Forge aud Engineering Co., Limited, tbis iuter- 
fersnoe anoanting practically to a deniU oiJ the right— claimed 
hy the management— to pot the charge of a certain machine in 
[he hands of a workman of Ibeir own cUooBing. Tbe enplojerq 
in this inatiuce proved the reverse of pliant, and tbe trade ii-nion' 
lata, Ending themselTSS worstod In tbeir attempt to uauTT) autbo- 
rity, came out oni etrike— in other wordi. lefuaed to asr^e i( they 
could not aW ic parmitted to oocomMid. Smbsequently the 
FedefAtioiL of Engineering Employers took tbo matter np, and 
lh6 diepute hiia DOW reached proportions that are almost 
natlooal in scope. The notiocB of a to«k.oab, involrisg one 
quarteruf the men employed, here been posted on tbe Tyne. 
Wear, and Teas, and, it is also atated, od the Clyde. To tbia 
actioa the men — that is to aay, the membara of the Engineera" 
Sooiely^havo replied by intiraotiug that the remaining threo- 
(ioarteta will oeaao work at the end of tho current week. 
There are thuB all the conditione preeent for the oom men cement 
of a fierce end posaibly prolonged etruggle, and it will be 
■ traogo indeed if any mc-sji? fornpaoifi,c aolntiouare diacorered. 
It ia nufartutiaCaly a aaat in which it aaeme hardly poatibletor 
any aaliefaatory ending to be arrived at eseepting by a trial of 
atrangtb, and tbe anbrniasion of the weaker. For tha aake «t 
peaoe, the employers bare allowed onaraaobment after eneroaah- 
ment to be made apoa their ondanbted right to oontrol and 
direct, tbe working of their own machinery and tha men in their 
employment ; untif at the advent of the present year, almoat 
tlie only sign of authority left them wae the obligatwo to pay 
wages. They have oocue to Aee, bowerer, that the trade of the 
ooontry muab ultimately be rutno^I if tbay do not make a ataad 
against furthar ^j:>:feaBlon, and tb&j faav«,. apparently, Keolried 
to malce that stand. The workmen hure to 'be prolBct^it agai^t 
themaulvca. !oi if they had aJl their own way tha oonditiooB or 
prodD<.'liie work would be so hamparvd that England, iaitead of 
leading in the race of competition, would have todrop babind, 
Oiud there wonld it>on be iLOthing in the way of work to engaKS 
tho allfiDtion of either employer or employed. 

We do not tliink tbia stroggle between the employers and tbe 
workmen ia likely to be ooofloed to tha members of the One 
uaion nemed. Tbey are not the only ones who have striven (o 
unite tbe incongruotiB oi^ottpati^tiaof ordering and obeying. The 
members of almost every iM^a unioo have, to a greater or Imb 
extent, tried to arrogute to themselves a power which is not 
rightfully tbeira, and it is time that a line was drawn bejood 
which tboy miiat not be permitted to paaa, No one denies to 
workmen the right to make tbe beat terms they can ia regard to 
remuneratian for their servicee ; but when tUat ia said, all is 
Bbid. All aeotiona of workmen have a conimon interest in the 
mainteuauce of a fair rale of Wages, and so long as wages only 
i^oDstltutes a subject of dispiito, there ig not mn^li fear of tbair 
intoreatseiiiahing. Whenever uiiy a&etioii of worktneD, however, 
go beyond thoqneation of meN wages, and try to take upon 
tbecnaelvea the adjuatment of other matteiB which do not jaatly 
oome withia tbe sphere of tbeir action, tbey almost certainly 
become aggraason. not only against their employers, butagainal 
other Bttctions of labonr To gnttiry the engineers in the present 
instance , it would be neceaBxry to inflict a haidahip open tbe 
raacbiae.meD, who bare just a* good a right to live and braaUie 



22 



THE UABINE ENGINEEB. 



[April 1, 1897. 



am Ihwr more conaeqaaatial bnthna. This qoMtios of wotk- 

iDBa'a " riglitn," &ad emplojera' " prergg&t jve," i« <PQ4 tlut 

ntguDtly okIU for *»ttl«ituetit, &nid Lt mil o^t b« &b Lrt^inedibblo 
oal&mitf ir, in the attempt to btHta at s. d^flbition wtiob ibAll 
be mXint^etorj and p«rniB.D:ent, atbd s oeaB^tiaa of work for K 
time ihould beoome nraeeaar^. Wa have doC, and nemr h&re 
been, ftdvoca tea or apologiets of euiksa ; jol tbe erila uiaiDB 
from illBgiiimmte trade tmioniAl olaima — put forirsrd pnrelj in 
B gpirit or orbttrar)' aelSBhneee — liava btWQme et> intoleTabte thftt 
BO eitreaiilf of tsiBfortDQa cuuld be bo bad ai tbeir oontiDnanoe. 
No aew ordere for o^teainors bnre been reported IsCelj., esd it 

19 sow begiiming tr> b^ admitteii er^a bj the moat tQTet^ratA' 
optimists, that Iradn — purtioulnt'lj- that braiiohioF It r^preneiitjag 
cbipbuildisg — is not bearifig ont the prnmid« of the Iftit tbre» 
motithi at 1807. Tlie oversea carrjiD^ trade has become further 
depreBsed aiooe lut month, and it nonld be idle to ignoM the- 
Iftot that a laugtiid. fmlicg nppeara to be Mttling down upoa 
trade oirolB* general]^. Unresi in the rankj of labour ia un- 
doobtodl}' responsible to & large Bitent for thia. bnt tbero bt^ 
alao other ioflueocca at work. ainoEg wbich muvt be rocko&ed 
tbe cU&Dg^ condilioDB rsfluUiog from impro-veioetitB fn prodac- 
tire appliaucBfl. Tbe daya of li'ng period* of iDllstioii and 
depieaaion, aJ tetnatisg regnlar]^ a ooapl-^ pf tiiii«B in each 
d«OAde, seem ta b« pasted, and the da;e at 'qnioklj-m4i>eediDg; 
flnotnationj — abort and Bb.a.Tp — have come in their atud. This 
will doubtle«a be regarded, on the wLcle, aa advautagaoiu — at all 
■Tenta, it ii a nearer approH'Oh Co that oo'DdlitiDn cf uniform and 
unohanging etBadineHs whiob., deroiLtty u it ia viebed for bj 
tome people, migbt not prov« an immiied bleBSing were it 
poMiible of atbaimnent. Tbs Bectional strike of amitliH at tha 
Glaniok jard appeari to be on Che ctc of eettlement, and it u 
probable tbab (h« meii will be «il work before thia ia in print. 
Tbe itfike oroae- out of a wagea Claim, bnt w&i oaatinued «Jt«r 
the •attlfiDMit «f the latter, becanao the reap^itieibla offioialHof 
the BUwiok eatabUsbraeDt bad dMiin«d to diaohvge & nambar of 
l-mltha conneoted with anotb&r tiade union who had kept at 
WDi-k. It Aeema dow sa if tboea who had been en strike are 
diepoaed to abandon Cheir claim for the discharge of the others, 
u the maoag'eiiieiit can giTB emplojineDt to thofte who were an 
atrLke and to those who renuuned at work, and more if the]'' oonld 
get them. The £tawiak firm are reallj OTarbardeQ«d with work, 
and io tisw of thia it is gratifyiDg tbut th«ir managen had tbe 
miurage U> fbauid bf the m^n who w«re loyal, atid n(>l allow 
thenualTea ta be driven into doing an aot of groaa injaBtJoe bj 
a few mjalcententa. 

A.oti*e prop*eaa is being made with the ooDBtrootJon of tbe 
biUUuhipa, amiien, and torpedo deetroyera tb&t are on the 
Btooka, and wbeiraTer it is poaaible mght work ia being oonlinusd. 
A.t tbs ftrm'a Low Walker yard the laaQoh of a Norwegian 
omiBer hiw lofl a berth Ta«aiit, but it ia probable that this will 
fibortlj ba oooapied with a nieroancOe steamer of a apecial and 
■upviorolMi. 

Mentrs. W, l>obKii A Oo.. and Ueeara. Wood A gkinnor, 
hava tbeir building berths fnllj engaged, and in both oaaes work 
ia likely to oontlnue fairly aotiTc till tbe amturon. Meaan. C, B. 
8wan & Easter have pat down ia th>etr pontoon jaxd some 
very powerfnl h^dranUa machinery, wLiab maat matcriallj help 
to cheapen the coat of production. By theaid of thcHe toaohineB 
work oan be done meat eipeditianalj, and atmoaC iodependenti; 
of band laboDir ; not to apeak of tlie atCaTDment <n greater 
aoGQraoy^ wbioh is peirhapa a atill more imporiaot oonaidentLon.. 
UeeBra. Robert Stephenaoc A Co.f hBTing dtDniiAl; arj-anged 
to boild a targe Qonting dock for tbe Bpaoiab autbori- 
CJM, are cow r^oeiviDg large quaotltiea of materis-la ia their 
yard at Hebborn. whe^e oonaiderable aotintj is likely to exist 
daring the remainder of the year. The dinenBiona of the dock 
when completed will be : l«ngth, 450 ft. : width. 117 ft. : and 
deptb, 3ti ft. 6 ina. Tbe dook will rest oa iix iron pontoona, 
which when neoeaaary (for lepaira or otber porpow) oaa be 
temporarily detached from the Htr-actote and floated on to tbe 
dock itoelr. Tliia will prove a great adTantages aa the pantooos 
— whicb, of coarse, are always more or less Bubmerged — can be 
kept, without diffiou.lfy,in alhuronghly Bei'V|i;e«t>le'«oii<lition. Tbe 

■Jock will be oapnble of lifting TMaela up Io 12,000 tons, and tha 

piubpiiig roaahinery ia eqnal to the diaplacemant of 12,000 tons; 
of water every two hoan. A pecaliar featnre in the deaign of 
(be dook ia that atability, or bearing capacity, lb bo diatribnted 
ia to admit of the maumam weight (12,000 lona) being borne 
upon two^tbirda of ita total length. Thni, a war veuel of the 
weight maabioned,. though no moro than 300 tl. ia langth. 



might remain upon tbe dock for «vaa a prolongei^ period withoai 
OaoaiDg the sligbtait deCeotian from the piiginal linea npoa 
which the atrueture waa plunned. The di^k will b« aent oat ta 
Oloogapa, in the Philippine lelanda, in seotions, to be ooin< 
pletad and parmanently loeatad there. Meaari. B- Btopheneon 
A Oo. have for aome yeara past made a apieciality of this kind of 
work, and tbe machinery tqaipnient and general arrangem en ta 
of their ea^ablishm&nt are anob aa to pre-eminently qualify 
them for executing oootraota eipedibioualy and ahaaply, beaidoa 
giving eonod and reliabb worli, 

Th? PsFmera' Shipbuilding and Iron Co., Limited, bare 

Dtfbie'ad further triumphs Id the tcials of tgrpedu ^JefrtroyerS 
teoently tauia(jh«d by them, and it ia confidently anticipated that 
the orniaera which the Hrm are building for tbo Admirslty will 
also be foood Batiafaatory when eubjacted to the ooBtoTnary testa. 
In tbetr new departnie of cycle manufaotnre. the firm bare 
aofaiered an nndoubbed anoceB.1, and the prodaot« of tbelr factory 
are greatly admired tor their atreugth and beantyof Sniah. The 
Palmer Oyole ta already in great demand, and we noderatand 
that the Jarrow factory ia kept, exceedingly busy. 

The TyoB Shipbaildiug Oo. havios' fiMiad it ii'0«Ma&ry, in 
'Oonaeqnence of (he growing liking for largenoBB of dimenBiona ia 
BhipB, to reduce tbe Dumber of th'«ir building berths from fooi to 
three, have all at theae o<y:npied, and ar-e in a position to Iteep a 
fnll oonipIein«tit of baoda engaged. It i« ptobabUj indeed, that 
aa much work oan be done with three berths aa with rotu'i aaanm- 
ing, of aonrae, that orders are plentiful and that the manage' 
ment is astute enongh to keep< tbe building of veBeele so arranged 
that tbe three stages of keel Itiying, frammg, and finishing, ahall 
alwayB be going on aimaltaneouaty. &t MeBara. Beadhead's 
HtabliebmoDi busineas ia eilratnety active, and at some of the 
enialler yardi orders for Qahing- vessels bare been recently 
booked- Hoat of the dock-owning firms are buoy, the Smiths' 
Dook Co., of North Shields, being particolarly well rtfl- 
ployed. HessTB. Hawthorn, Leslie, & Co. are still bn^ o* the 
r«parringof the Enssian volunteer staamer Oivl. It is stated 
that tbe firm have received an order- from the Tolnnteer Syndi- 
oste for a veasel of BmslC diraenaions. 

Boilaeerlng.— There ia very UtUe to be added bo what hna 
already b«en stated in referenoe Co engineering matters, ecoept- 
Ing that all the leading sstablisijinente arc very fall of work. 
An order of more than commun interest has ib«en received at 
the WaOeand Slipway and Engineering Co. 'a worka, where 
important eibensiona are being made and new plant being pat 
down. Tbe order to whlnh refarenoe ia made is for the anginaa 
and boilera of a torpedo d«Btroyer ballding at the Elawiok 
Worka, and is regarded as an earnest of many more to folltrw. 
Tbe impreasion esiata, indeed, that a very large proportion, if 
not all the war TeBBsIa that may benoofiirwnrd be built in the 
yarda of Maasrs, Aimatroop, Wbitworlh, A Co,, will be litted »rith 
machinery at the Wallaend Blipway Wocks. This, of course, 
will be an iinaieiiBe advantage to the diatrict, aa hitherto the 
engines and boilera for war vessels bnilt at Elawiok hare been 
sapplied from places at a diets noe. 

Measm. Donkin d Co. (late Donkin ft Nichol], of the St. 
Andrew's Engine Works, Kewoaatle, are still sitremely busy in 
the mannraotnre of steeriiig gears, aeh-boiats, engine-room t«Ia> 
graphs, &o. The ash-hoists mads by tbiii firm are noted for tbeir 
siToplioity of deaign and effe^ttiveneas in work. Itmay be added 
that pioat of those now on order are foi veaiwla of large tosnagO' 
that are int«iidod for special s«rvioM< 

Great prcscore of aolivity (xiste at MeasiB- Bpenoer's works, 
Newborn ; and both iron aod brass foondriea thTOagbont the dle- 
triut oontinue to be kept hnay. 

THE WXAB. 

Bhlpbntldiilg.^It haa not tranapired that any new ordvn 
(sicepting one for a cainparBtively snail vesse] by Uessni. 
Anstin) have been booked by Wearside bnitdendnring themontb, 
but the majority have enoogti in band to keep Lhem bnsy over 
the Bommer montbe. Below bridge tli« btiaiest yard is that of 
MessTB. J. L. Thompson A S^na, wber« five large voasels ar« ta 
uonrsa of constniction, and Iar£e <]iiantities of material are 
being received daily. 

Above bridge the three ea tab lis b meets of Sir James Laing, 
Uessrs. Doiford, and Measra. Short Brc«. are exceedingly 
hugy, the aggregate tonnage building at thoae yards (exoloaira 
of Ueisrs. Doxford's tarp«do doBtrovara) being not leea than i 
70,000 tons. Tbe fine Bt«amer Clttn Matdsmald wt* launched by] 



I 
I 

I 



4 



< 



I 



F 



April I, 1897.] 



THE MARIKE ENGINEER. 



2S 



I 



I 



3l-wn», Pwifori wij in tbe month, vd tbrM ottflra, »U of tlie 
" tniret '' Kjp*, and of «qnal diftiAbsiob*. aN ia BotiT>e prcgrsM 
«A thtt abKki. The whats of ihes& splendid cargo b«ittB will be 
ALted with: bnnie propBtlem. and mil) in other reflj)«ota b« 
•qoipped in » completa and pOectivB niBniiir, Ihe iDBcbmerr in 
ea<?b mae hajnfi; inpplied bf th<> buildorr. Kvery «&art is being 
tDkda Bt HosBiB. Bhorl Brothers^ vsrd loiiccelerace the ecerii- 
(iuD of coutracis, &Qd tbouldilie wektbFrpraveoTdiiMnlj'faTODr- 
•bkUwn ii enrjnmaoD to expect ihe ieKti»iiaD gf mtword 
«alpgt — for t^iscBtabliabtncnt — in \be current ;«Br. 

Me— TB. Osboms A Grahaio ate aniJerHiood to ViHVA btlt ft 
limited nneiitit of work in hand, and MwafB. PipkeregilltiBTebiit 
«D« TSBBsl on tbe ■(to<-ki. M«<ietB. PrieatRian nnd MeaBia. 
R. TbompsDU 5: Sous. boii*TPr. ire both fairly weJl off for 
wcrh. 

BaflneerlDg— Tbe larger fngireaniiK imrkB continue boaj-. 
but in*iei> of proepectiTe com pi lent ion h with tha Gogineeni' 
Sooiet}-, the enplo^era aaa BCBroot; be frotr iram sniietj. It ia, 
l« t»,y tfap l»Bt, hni'd tlwl wben nian.t^9 havo woclced and 
worried ta get ordtrs whereby the^ir maohinerj might be kept 

gcring Bnd tbeir workoiea 1tf pt in employment, tbe tatter Bbontd 
«t« fit to eaue tioo^le and dbstruction tar wbiob ch^re is na ocoa- 
noo. Under eiieting cironrnntan ces th« inaaters dale not tel^-B 
ord»n If there were anj on, offer, and it i* bb welJ. perbapa, that 
ttaara Bre non« at tba proMnt JnQctani. Tbe only order reported 
tbia montb ia one for a aet of amall triple -ei pan Biona, which baa 
come to MeMis. MacColl k Pollo'ik, and ia intcindsd for BTeteel 
to b« badt at MiddlcsbrDDgli, Tb«i BI(>C'm6eld Engine Wortii 

(Uf. A, A- BiohBby) show « T*Ty aatiafsdcry «tale ot bUalneaB, 

ah«idaiR*nd for tbe lirm'a sfiecialiiiea ttiog f^U mitintBitiAd. 
BMMct negotiations bava ro&ultpd in tbe dectaioa tA withdraw. 
witboni prrjiidic^, Trom tbe diaputed work at tbe Fullion Forge 
tb« men «n.gBged on it, «o as to olearthe way for aconfarence 
baCwMD the mBetera and th« repreaentatiTea of tbe Kngiioceri' 
8001 etj. 

A atMemoat which sppMr»d rfrc-ently in a monthly 'Contem- 
porary, to tbe «S«ct tlat th? Tym BatboritieS' were about to 
follOiir tba exHiinplo ^f tba Wp-sf Commievj^^TLcrB in forbidding 
fcoilitiM lot the bunkering cf torg^ Eteami^ri at thair drap>>, 
kppean ts have no meaning, tir-thicg of the kind baa been 
done or thooght of on the Wear, and chere ia ob reason to expect 
tba.t any prohibition ol the kiod will be made Dpcn theTyae. 

The Hartlcpooli. — All the yatd* at ibia centre are now busy, 
many oflhu Tevels in roaraB of ccDstructiou biriog oC exoep- 
tionalW large niic M?e«i«. Thom-ae Richardaoti rl- Boom Atted the 
■■t. Itrfia, built by ilefare. Sbort Bioa., SuDderland, for 
Meaars. Gow, nBrriaon 4 Co,, GUegow, with h?r Tnacbinery eArly 
1b the month, and the veaaet had a aucoeeafnl trial nn tbe <>lh, 
KXQOan speed of 18 knoia being cibtaioed on a aerjca of runs over 
th» Bicaaorfd mile. Tha aogitca are Iriple-eipBuaioD, &Dd the 
two steel boiiern are conutruc^ted to work at a pxeaanre of 
180 lbs. We hope in. an early iaaiie to be able to give partJaalara 
of the ftBotrioal plant at Measn. Biohardaaci'a works., 

Stockton— Veeara. Craig. Taylor & Co. are reported to have 
booked Ba order far»Te«9el of large bIsq f^r Glugow Qwoen, 
and Meaara EopDer A Sons are also aaid to have rsc^ived en im- 
porlant order. 

Heaara. Blair A CTo. bbp» jnat Sited with Baginea,. A«., a large 
vwael built on tbe Wear for Greek owneri. 

Heaera. Silay Broa., engtneera and boiler- mikerf, have a large 
amtKitit ot work on band, among the oidern being one for 14 
Baariae-tyie donkey boileia from a Soui^flrland Bbipbuildiiiig 
Ann. 

Wddlctbiroil^h- — Meeerq, Qraggs i,^ Sonq Are reported U> hat-e 

booked BomeArdats lately, atnoug th(<m beiug one for a veMel 
of 3,000 Ions carrying rapacity, Mepsra. Baylton Dixon A 
Oa. are well provided with work. BEd at Meeare. Uarkpii A Co.'s 
^ard there ia aome reiwir work in baid. At tbe dooka trade ia 
dull, but ateol worke and iron foundqea nv eilremely bnty. 

Contetl. — Tbe eteel millmeD nt the Cocaett Iron Co. 'a worka 
haTF, tinder a aliding-acale airaogernHnti been awarded »ti 
advance o( 2} per cent, ontbeir wegeB, the advance to tomaiato 
•tfsfit oa April let, and be opnlinoed until June 30th in (La 
firBa»nt year. 

MetirB. ArmiCrong, Whltworth A Co —The Bmalgaiuation of 
llie stent linns u( Sir W, G. Arnifllrung A Co,, of Newc8«tle-DU- 
Tyaa, aud Meaara. Sir Joieph Wbitworth A Co., 'f MaDcheaier, 
Mi heen deSnilely completed, and tba cotuhined firms ore now 
inomiM ''Meiara. ArmstioDg, Whitworlh ACo.,' ofNewcutle- 



OB-Tjne v4 Haqobaeter- A. profit aharlng acbeme by whiAh 
the ebiploy^E iita; baeome participatora, in a uora direct senae 
than at. preient in the bnaineaB of the c>(>mpeny. baa been aab- 
tnicted to tbe various departmeiit^, and ia nndentood to have 
been reesived nitb favoar. 



THE MERSEY. 

( JVaiB owr oKn Corrupondent.) 



THE outlook in tha engineering and iron trades of thia 
diatrict ia Auarcoly ea aatiatacKiiy aa it baa boon of late, 
the acriooa Labonr diepatcB now pettding, and the cotitinsad 
anaettled poaitioD abroad exeroiaing a depreaeing effect Qpou 
induatrLal and bntinea* cperationa In the abgiiiArring uadfta 
eatablijhinentB ate atill kept fnlly employed npoa onlera in 
band, bnt there ia an absence of new work of any groat weight 
coming forward to replBM ODctraota that arv at preaout keeping 
Qrnia going, Uacbiae tool-makbra hare, however, atill quite 
eooogb work <iu their booka to carry them forward for toma 
time to come. Siaiionary engine buildars are also wetl eagagsd 
both in tbe liiibt and heavy depattmooM, and boiler- Boakan 
are b> a rtJ« we'll atipplied wjtb -oidere, wtilai in tb« t'OOornvtive 
building trade thetti ia h good deal of work atirring. To Bonie 
of tbe haary engiaearing braiiohe«, however, work for India ia 
at preaent anapended, owing to tbe plague, wbiob nieTentt tba 
i^elivery ot wurk into that Donntry. and the njacaicie mfViig 
trader report, in aome d apart loeiitf. a Blackening off aa regarda 
orders ooming to band. During the month a dLapute bae agatn 
brokBQ out in the Oldham diatrict^ and the arraogement by 
wbich an adranceof 2b. per week waa given to tbe wicekly-wage 
Biea appeara to bavc fallen tbiOagh on tbe qneatioa of an 
iidvaaca demanded far pie'Ce-work and other points ainca raiasd, 
with the reaulc that a large namber of man hare been thrown 
on the booka. 

Tne uBust monthly retnma of tha principal tradea nnion 
aoeieliea c(inD«ctsd with tbe engioeering luduatriea indlcattf a 
oontinaed eutiaCa'Ctory poaitioo bo far ai activity ia trade ia 
coDoeraed, albhongh the ontlaak aa regarda labour and wages 
qneationa ia Bcarcely bo promiaiag. The Amalgamated Sociaty 
of Engineera baa dow S^ p«r cent, of ita total membetahip on 
do^»tiop, which represent* a »m!iii in^Feftee upon laet nioBtli'* 
reterna, but thia ia due entirely to «tiik:«B ami lo<^k-oula in 
variouB [lU'ta of the king-dom. and apart from tbeae ths retuma 
wonid have ahown a considerable deoraat-j in tba ncemployed 
liat. In thia imoiediate diatrict there are only H per oont. on 
support, and the nnmberwonid he Blill lower but lor ths temporary 
depreaaion in aome of Ibemaohioe makiitg Iradee. In the Steam 
Engine Makera' Society there ore not more (ban 1 per c«nt. mt 
dunation. The reports aa to tba Btate ot trade continue of a vety 
fa^enrsble charaoitar. Aotivity ia fally maintaiQed in practically 
all the leading engine eridg Oontrsa, ajid it ia exceptional where 
trade ia aoC retumad an either good or moderate. Tha only 
distarbing eletnent in the pieaent aitusiion ia tbe anreat which 
prevotla aa t^arda labour and! wages mattf-ra, and wbiob 
baa fonnd eipreaaiun in the Tariona diaputea now pending in 
aeveral important indnatrial diaEiriota. 

With regard to the sibipbaiildiog trade, yards are joat now well 
eniiCBged apon orders in bund. From the half-yeeily circular of a 

wetl-kDown firm of oontractora, it appaaif that bbere baa been 

quits a mab to buy or bnild new toBnage during the last aii 
mouths, abont 2G(.i,00'J lona eitta o-f new ateamerB having been 
ordered during this " boom." The LuLlders have of course b«De- 
libed by getting these orders, aodmoit of the yards are at preeeiit 
very basj, bnt tbe majority of the now steamera were placed at 
low Sgan:!, A oonsiderable oamber of theMteantcira dow on tbe 
stooke are lurga, high-clsss cargo boats for the regnlar lioea and 
GOnipanieB, and the competition of this type ofreBaela ia a soricas 
matter for ibe onnera ol "trttipp" Bte#mera, 

Tim Scbiele Cnion Engineiering Co., D.,ii!tBiled, Pollard 
gti{i(-t., SlanoheBtcr. have recently brongbt out an iinpimed 
nalent portable hand-driven fa'n., wbinh will he fouod apeoially 
Bervii^able (cr shipa' reqo item ants, for olrariog foul air from 
stokn-bolet, &c., and for nnmeroiiB other purposea where forced 
draught is rtqmn d. This fan baa a strong wrought-iron caaing 
and a steal plate disc, wltilat tba baae plate and standards are 
also of steel, bo that the apparatus ia practically unbreakaUei 



24 



TEE MABIKE ETTGINEEE. 



[April 1, 1897. 



there bnio^ do p&rU liable to fraotim. Tbe driving it b^ cli&in 
gear, whirh ie uoiael^BCi, piHci«iii, nod YfTj eoaj to work, wliich 
is ft mach prvfemble aTmiigemeiit to the Drdinnrj tDOlb>g«ac 
driven fans, vbirh ure ci-ry objectionable on acconnL of the noinc 

prodaoed wlien in ofi(<raticin, soil tha IJabiliiy Ifi breaJcB^e. Tbe 
arrnTigQiDeDt ia tbtj pomfurt in CDciitmction, tbe diameter of 
Mvolvin|{ (lifld ran^ng frotD 14 in. to 2-i in,, aucl tbe tatal weight 
of the fan from 2 cnt. lo 4 out.; and the base pljite is (ttied 
with whevlii, bo tbnt iha fKn oan ba readily ni'ived about friMU 
ODe place to ftuotber oa boord abip, Th« comji«DT hUq make a 
f&D irilh cBtt irUD casing and case steel disc, nhiith tbej iiip);ilj 
»t B W'wer pric?, b-Qt Tor ahip reijuiicnieuti tbe wrougbt'irQu- 
ea3ed f»D will be iflund mpK soitabl*. 

A uew meebibe is bsitig put upon the niAfket by Bleun. 
Eiohraoiid i Chaodler, Mbupbeatet, for eatting np raw rubb«r 
into eliees. In th!a mtiobine there are noLiniber of uircul&rcalten 
with siiarp edzea. wbich revalve throagh the lubfaer ae it ie fed 
to tbecn. Biid cany it; through in slire?. wfaiub are roinbed oat 
UDd«nieBEh, wbere tbev are diBcbargod. Tbe CDttere tan be 
pibced at vBTiong distanceB a(vcord!'>g to ttaickneea of 
oat leijuirBit. aud the macbLne cm be eaSiilj norlced by t'^'o fnt^n, 
Tbese mnchme!' are tipeqiall)- adapted for ubb is coootr)^ wh^c« 

tbe rabber ift grown, And baa to be ^ot into a etiite hj wbicb iht 
tnaittnre can bO'esadeiS. beroro being read j for abipfnent. Tl'e 
■atne fimi are also iotrodnoing ui improved [tieiioe hoist, in 
-whiob the fiiation i» obtained b; a belt and pnlleys, wbioh tbe; 
oUini to be na ndraiitape over the nBnal Kt;;]e of two pulleyn 
working ti^getber, ieasniuch as the grip ie coRiideiah'l}' greater, 
whiiet tbers li L?ia near and tear, and no rieli of fi tins. Tbe 
biuBiiiig, lowering, and break.ing are acbaated bj meani gf a batid 

QOrdi aEid the wboTe arraii^iiieQt ig a<> sipLple that an jooe cail 

work it with Bafetf . 

We have previenslj referred to (he ieriiteaf ^u mnftieforriBOf » 
intrudnced by Mewra. Fletober, Rneiell & Co., Limited, of War- 
rJEigcon, Maacheater. and London, and ic may be iutereatinir lo 
DUt« that the firm hare aiiioe that time carried out further 
improveTcanta with a Tiew of aocuriiig porfeutlj even heat 
tbrougbout tbe fomsce. In tbe improved Inmnue the beat Is 
O'btkiiied ttom a Beries of BnoBen borneiVi ott^h (if which ia u-ndf r 
sepaiato control, instead ut from one large baraer ^a previooaly, 
bidbj tbia ai-rabgement not ovIjiB the bftet dial7ibut«d tveti^f. 
bat tbe temparatura ^an b* regulated with nieetj oocordins to 
Teqniremeiitfl. Tbeee forsBoea ore now being supplied to tnoat 
of tbe Till verntne lit Asaay Officefi, aa well aa to private drnie. 
Ueaan. Fletcher, ItuBsel] & Co. hare also a. sperialiljr ie Qruoitala 
(aniSiceB, in wbioh tbe eruciblo ie aurrouiided hj a cjIifideT, 
between which end the irrucible tbe gas llamepoeeei, and in 
tbea drLrcQ down oQtride the cyWades lo tbe exbaoai low down 
in tbe eating. Bj tbia arrnngeDi^Bt till tbe b«at ia utilised, and 
thv fmnBrea hava proved ittj eacceASfo] 1q Operation Whera 
tbej bave been adopted. 

In the iron trtide here there baa been a continoed etBckenteg 
oS QB regard bceioess eoDiing forward, with a farther iluii'unard 
teadeucj in price*, dnring' the past month. In piK-iiOQ the 
dcDiaad haa been of the Hloncat poeslble ch&rader.aud althoogh 
makeTB [(IT the mof t peib hare no-t given way in their qooted 
ratex to anj ver; material extent, merchaniB have heeo cotn- 
peting- for wh^t little bnBineea tbere bae been offerinp-, at priced 
eoeaidetabljr below makere' nomiDa! qaotatioEa. Lan^bBhire 
makBTfl aCill hold toresi nt rates, avera^i eg 47b. to 4T«. 'Rd. for 
lorge, to 48a, 8d. for fonndry, leaa 2j delivered ManfheHier. 
but ILe; are praelicallj out of Ibo market wbero tbcf oome 
into ccmpelitioD with other breridi. Diatricl branda are qoolBii 
by Dinkera sboat 13b. 6d. to 14b, tor foige to -ISh. 6d, for 
fonndr;, LiDi:olD»hire. and 4de, lo ids. Gd. fcr fouDdrj, Deiby- 
abire, net, delivered UBOfbreter, wbicb repreeeute a ttiving yiaj 
of aboat fid, pCT ton aa last motitb'g rstee, wbilet nieicbaulB are 
nuderacllitifif. OotaidebiaDda bave sbowii a decided w«al[«ning 
tendenc;, end aie obtainable at 6d. to la, below late qootaiionB, 
good foandrj Mid'dlFBbroDf h riDE'CB frcm about -\ha, lOd. to 
49a. fid. net, delirered by rail MeoobeHter. and abrut 4Kb. Hkd. 
obeBtcr Docks: with Eglineicn and Glerg-nriiOiub about 47b. no. 
to iTr. Si)., delivered Leli<:arbir>e |>otIf, arid 4f)e, ijd, tu S('b. 
MnnchcBter Docks i wbiltit Ameiicaa pig, of whicb considerable 
Bupplies bavo bets tjfftsia^ dpricg tbe ni^Ptb, ran be bought 
at l(3fl, Gd. Ill 4Tb. net, delivtrtd Ma^cbeeter Dock*. 

Fin itbed ifcu makeia tie bookirg ter; little new bn^ineaP, 

bol, being well ta^aped on ordcra in faeni?, Xhey still hold to 

ate rate*, of £6 for Lencattire, and £8 bt. for Konh Btaffoid- 



Bbira ban. delivered Mai»ebeBber diabriot, but mereltanta woold 
be prepared to sell at 3a. fid. under these fignrea. Sbeela hava 
enaod dcwti eomewbat, and now do iiot average more thaa 
L7 ^fl' Co £7 7e. 6d., but bonpg. al^boagh in hIdw demucidt 
reniiiiii at ea 10a. for randora to £6 15b, for ap^i^ial ont leagtha 
doltpered Maneb^tter -diBtriot, ahd Se. Bd- leee for Bbipment. 
BQMineBs in tbe atoel trade is vary quiet with a wealr tone id 

Itrieea. Hemntitea ure now readily obtainable at S9a. to 60a. 
eee 2^. delivered Hancbeater, with looal makers of eteel billet*, 
who have to lOEet a keen AmericHn competition, flodiog lo 
difticult lo get £4 lOs. net caah. Local eteel bare average about 
te 2a. bd., and boiler plates fll lO?. to £S 12e. Hid., bnt T'laUn 
trom other diHtrioia ure ofeted at £6 fia. to £6 7a. M. delivered 
beie. 

In the metal market mannfactareifl have been Tar; bosfdutiti); 
Ihapaat month, with n*w work ooaitif; forward freely. Liat 
ratee are withont alteration, bat makera have been aakingapeuial 
advuDcee upon tbeee, where quick debvery ie requirod. 
Delivered Uaache^ter diBtriot list rat«a remain aa UDder ; — 
solid drawn braea boiler tnbee, 7jd..; {«Ud drawn braae 
Butfece condeuetr tuber, ^jd. -, Bolid ilrawn copper t<fb««, Sid. ; 
brsMd copper gae and ateam tatieB. 6^. ; braz^-d braaa K^tabe, 
%A. ; braJB wire, 6}d. 1 copper wire, T^d. ; rolled braiA, f ^d. ; and 
ehe#t brBBB, 71d. per lb. 

In tbe timt^r trade tbere haa been n ataady deinaed. and 
pricee are generally firm, with, a toe ki moderate. A largo buai - 
neaa bae been done on eoDtract for oeit eeaaon at Gim ratei. 
The demand for Enat India teak is active, » ith pricea advaociae, 
and Block nitbin reaaooablb timiie. There haa beeu no impoit 
of lureenheart, but tbe etock ie aaftioieat for ibe time of the jaar, 
aod pri-veB sre iiDcHaQRod, 

BuBioees in (be conl trud^ h»B moved on but slowlj. Pits aro 
still working ahont five da^a per week, butttae'>:>utpui lain many 
caseK ia eiriees of the demand, and Bloake are nocamnlHtinif at 
BOme of theooltierioB. Houseooala are in but modeiat^ requeit. 
and aUhongh colliery owners have made no material obajige in 
their liat prices, ti.ey wonid be prepared to make BQme ooDceB- 
i'on OD tlieee to move away flurplas qiiantitiee. Steam and forge 
coaU meet nith a fair euqairy, but Bopplies are plentifnl, and 
pric-ea week. Engine fnel ia ajeoi ffeHpg ip eTtceaagf (bo demand 
but (here !■ more bujineai doinp. arid |tanerall<f late mtes an 
fair)/ well maititBtbed. At the pitiiioatb beat Wigan Arl^ 
averageB lOe. to 10b. 6d.; Pembopton fourfoot and aeoonda 
Arley, 9b. tn^s.fid. : cotiiinon houBSOoaE. Ta.loTa.Sd.: abeam and 
lorce coal, 5a. 9d. to 6b. ; engine fael, Sa. to 3s. tid. for common. 
Sb. tid. to 4s. 3d. for medlnm eorta, and -b-. 6d. to la. 'iA.. for beat 
qDBliiEea. 

lu xbe shipping trade there ha« been only a limited bnaioeaa 
doing, with low pricee ruling, ordiDery gteani coal ijot averaging' 
more than Ta. 6d. to ?«. 9d. delivered at Ibe Lancashire porta. 

Boring the paat montb MeaarS. L«ird Urcia. hav(> mBd« BBveral 
very ancoB^afal trioJa of Ttaaela wbieh they have hnjlt. The 
E,tHt i>liii<a butile-ahip J/ur< completed her tiDbonra' coal oon- 
eamption trial in the Gnjitith Chuniiel oo the lilih March, and 
anchored at ^pitbead. The drnoghi- water wnaSl ft. ^tn, toiwaid, 
and 2Ain, ait, and ibe itenm in the boileie 1>]9 4 lb«., tbo 
vacnom being 464 in staihoard end 26'3 in port, wiih 83-71 
reri'lationB KtarboBcd pod S3-44 port. Tbe engiusB wurked up 

to W-§ H.P., pivinglhe phip by pfltant leg B B|i««d of U'4 
kaota. Two riayi later the vesBel left Spilbead i-n hpr fi-honra' 
oataral dTBiiBhi trial. Tbe draught of the waier furwaidwaa 
■IA ft. and atl lis- ft., the atenm in Ihe boilej a wa^ 14fi-a Iba., th« 
vucuom "i^'S in. elarbiianl. aud 2G'fi port, Tbe revoluliona per 
minnte were AT &7 Btarboaid and USM port, and collective I.B.P. 
10,1 &&, which waa prodsced with a mean air-p'tMuroof l>21 in., 
eiving tbe abip a apetd by patent log of 15116 inots. Oo Ibo 

l(ltb March tbe Mar- Itoi b^i four-houia' foTtpd drftnght trial, 
in which the d'TflOght of natpr wea 24 ft, fcrwaid and 26 It, 
nfl, the ete«m in boilere U>>'g Iba-, whilst the caonnm waa 
Zti'oin.Btarboard and 26-7 port. The mean Hir-pTeaaare waa 
t>78in.. the colleetive H.r. l^i.-lSJ. with 103-lt revolations atar- 
txiatd and 1U4'5 port. The eteiim bb rrcorded by pnbent Irg 
waa 17-" knota. The HP, eiceeds the coal i act by 434 H.P, 
Earlier in tbe month the Sriil. the ninth of tbe ten 30-kiLot 
lorpedo boat de»troyerB on order fo' the Admiralty, wa* 
lanDfhfdt The .'vyrnrrritrliuii'Jf bpa b^n delivered at DevoJi^Ort, 

atid hag parsed sll her Iriale, at'd Ihiee othera bavo completed 
their apeed trials. The torpedo guii-bcat, Alfi^ifrite Si-iuftOH^ 
bnilt for tbe Chilian Goremment, baa arrived aafely at Qenoa, 



i 



I 



■Ajirill, 1897.] 



THE MARINE EHOmEEB. 



2S 



*wtitjt^xig wmking amtaftDtarilj. The IWTUfe^, ttw Meond of 
%he Uoblin ntail packfts built by Lha fii-m, has peHtd throngh a 
*ery Mtiefaetoiy trinl nip, and bfts broken the ChsoBBl record, 
tb^njnfB from Kiiigsiowii brwkwat*r to Holjbead break. 
«*t«r bein^ ncoampJiBhed in 2 hours 24 niiniiMB, nnil Trorn 
Kingftoim pior Id Holyheud pi(ir in i hours 30 minatea, Tba 
di»UMice Irani th« Kisb to Hol^liend breaktrnter tvu done in 
2 boon lO Mconde, at ftD aver&Ke Bpted of i ^ 'J IcDoba per Lour, 
k vpved nerer cqiajaUed by atif pnaien^r v9a««3 before. 



I 

> 



BELTAST TRADE NOTES. 

(/Vom Pur eitn ftfrMjioniJenl,} 

TBK ume bi^ttf Htnte ot trade aii reported. Uet moath ttill 
ccntinau in Ehipbuildic^ acd eDgiDeoriDii; here, and if all 
teportB oirculatedbe lice, lileesr^'. UaiUcd A Wultt'. Limil^d. 
ue credited nith havlQK bookeil orders (or ati>other two 
tiea.men of large dimeaBionB for the llanibunj-Aoericui Co., 
it t» stated of UrjieT toaasgc; tbaa the s.s. Jr'-I'in, wliiah v«Bsel 
[eh the Ateicorn Baein oo the momilig of tbe >'th init., aod 
procedeil dciwu the Belfast Lau^h on b«T trial trip and to 
adjaat ooinpaaMB. The leBBsI is of the f oUowiog dimeasioiK : — 
400 ft. lOEigi 49 ft. broad; 30 ft. 3 in. deep ;' ^-Dti ber grosi 
tonna^ ie abont 5,^01). She will bo propelled b.v a aet of quad- 
niple-expanaioa sngiDOP. spetiall; deAi^gucd Co avoid vibi-ati'OD. 
Rimilar to thue ol the a, a. PciDfi/h'ania, which teoentlj left ttus 
port for the same own^r^. 'I'h^ attiamar haa accodiaodatiou 
for a fen flist-elaes pasMDgere, and 30€ ateerags pasaeogerB. 
She is fitted with every meobanioal facility for the lapid load- 
ing and dbchargiug of cargo, aleo with r«(ri^eraticg tDaohinery 
aod • complete iDBtalUtion of electric li^ht. The aatoon and 
oitber rooma have bFcn suitably decorated in teak and oak. 
The drabiit ie iolended to run in thu ijompanj'g North Atla&iii; 
trade.aodiB buLlli^ithe b igjqt et class at GefmaBiflch«>i'Ll6yd'e. 
and ib ander {^t^mmaod uf *_'ii[ttain FietEch, one ef tbe oldest 
aezvantB at the Bojnburg Line, The trial trip was in every 
«ft7 aatisfactory, and ibe veaael left for her deatinatton. 

The large Bteamer beloagioG; to the HatDburg Lioe. jtu'jutia 
r>Vf'Wa, which was recoDClj cut in two and len^tbened, baa 
agrain been taLen out of dry dock and iJonUd, Bhe I>'okBa mach 
more h&Qdeoiii? vi-aeelthan furmerly, ai]ii if (t-ate ciosnjile^ted and 
fiiiiabed in the firm's stjle, a3ie will no doubt pTore hen«l( 
worthy of all the money apent in bet improvement. She niJl 

e completed neit loonili. 

The work Is progreBainKT^P'^'y on the White Star Grtiiluiunil. 
Hydraulia llftiBg gear U befng etooted alongside the slip whw^ 
keel ia laid, and mateclBl ot erery desiuiptio& comiag into yard 
in comiectio'^ with th'i vcsb>pI. Tt toaV not be out of plftic^ to 
tLsk wha wa« really the iavcbtof a1 tho Criple-«3paA»i(Mi engine. 
The foUomng vill show who claims to ho the man : — 

Jdt.'SWl.. G. Wright, of GLaa^iow, who claima tohaveinveriled 
the Lriple-eipaiitiioii «iigiue. rei^Dtly nrote to Mesftra. llarlaQd 
Jc VTolS : '■ With regard to yoor new coatiact to build the 
largest veasel in the n-orLd, I nialie the foUoiciiig' otfer : 1 am 
<>p«ii to oacel flay ensii'^ "' '■"y 'rP" o' form if you go by my 
^lilis, I can conatrnct tiro pairs of compound «ngiaed in N'o. 1 
tylindcF. In eom? i-.&eaa this eyiinder has three paiia with n 
ui do valve of a diO'erent mslie to gait, which can drive two 
prop«Ileifl or a sini^le propeller before tha eteam passes into the 
KGond cylinder. It forms its own vacDnm. Bud pnmps its own 
ait and water indepeDdent of ut>y panip. U aots, then, the 
MDiQ aa onr triple-eipansEon ep^j-iQe^whjch [lAvented]. Ihave 
fnventacl these CDginas to exctet my lriple-e:cpaii«iou engines, 
whieharAsow in nae In ahnost every steamer atloat." Mr. 
Wri^it offered to meet a repFeaeiitalive of the lirm in Glaatfow 
and show bim the plnni, but Messrs. Hartand £ ^'oifT have 
aeni the follonini^ reply: ■' Oeur Sir, — We are La reiceipt of 
your favaor ot yeiiterdny's date, but in to fm as aEl ourarraoge- 
m*ot» are practitaUy completed in conDeclton »ith the matter 
t«ferre4 tv, We regret that na are uaablu to AUtertaiii yoor pro- 
poeal.- 

Twostrameia n-il) be lauuclied on the 23rd inst. by Meesiii. 
Workman, Clark X Co, — one from Lheir Dortb yard aod cine 
hcon ftheii Boutb yard. Pariiculara of these vetificla will be 
ipven neat month. 

We might here mentioo thtt (be engine work* of tbia firm, 

»hlcb werr> recently destroyed by the diaastrAda tire, have all 

been rebnilt ot iron, and are now BgaiQ in fnll swing, with the 



additianot iffiptovedtooband applianoes. Then iBalaoaVeiy 
exteaaivfl electric plant being laid down, by which all the 
maohinea will ultimittaly be driven, part of this syntem being 
already at work. It ia oaiJ that when ooinpI«ted tliis will bo 
tbe lorgeat deotrio plaAt for dtiving parpoe«B owaed by any oae 
lirm througho-at Qreat Britain. 

A new twiD'aorew tug, built for the Belfast Harbont Cooi- 
misaioceri, haa been laoni'had Irom the yard of Meeais. Scott 
<L Sudd, Bowling. Tbia tag haa been Wilt to the otdet ot 
jtlesara. Mc Coll A Co.. Qeltaat, who will aupply tha enginea. 
TboM will be of l.Oi"!) H.F., the boiler having torf«d dranght. 
The dicaeubionH of ihia tog, whicb waa nfimed tb« ilaxfraie, 
are 132 ft, locg by i-i ft. 6 in. brwd. When complete ths 
Jfiif^nire will Aoiibtleaa prove an immeim acqoiutioit to lha 
port of fieifaat. 

CoDaiderio^ the vast amount of both eDgiceeriatf and ship- 
building trade on hand in Betfaat at present, it ia with great 
regret ne have to allude to the ponaibllity of Hnother look-out 
of eagineeraiiwicm to some di^pate between the Amalgamated 
Society oE Etigineera and the Kbiployers' Federation. Tbi4, 
hoverver, may iiot be so disastroaa as at tifst anticipated, i.i 
while we wn'te b ri^port ia (current that both MeaarN Harland Jt 
Wolff. Limited, and Victor Coatea J; Co., Limited do not intend 
patting up lock-out notices. If this be tme, it is poeeible that 
■ome amicnbLu arrangement may be mads between the A-S-H. 
and the Employers' Federntion whicb will terminate tbe 
diBpQte. 



KORTH WSST OF ENGLAND 

[JVomOHf own CuTrtipondni!.] 



Barrow - Id- Fa pneai. — Tbere baa bet a no change d urine the 
month 111 the condttion or p-oaition of the sbi|jbDilding or engi- 
neeriog trades ot ibie diatrii:!. A steady rouline iif work has 
been observable all round, and builderB have progreesad very 
mtich with the Ordcru tbey haVe in band. The demand for new 
commeroisl tonnage Is comparatively easy, but builders in the 
meantime are busy on old ordere. and Uie aotivit^ at loDalyarda 
iB well maintained, allhou^b it is quite evident that before long 
new orders will be Deoessaiy to ensure a conlinoanoe of the 
activity bo long enjoyed at local yards. The proepecta for 
the future, however, are fairly bright aa the sliippiiif trades 
are well emploT'.di'-i'i l>jitilerahave tbeir han^a fairly well tllle<l 
in the meantime. The difflcally, howtver, is one mainly as 
regards prices, and t'ertaicly compelitiou for orders is eo keen 
that nothing but low rates can be expected. The Admiralty 
work in hand b of a fairly comprehensive character, as new 
ahipB have only recently been commenced, and othera are 
approaching towards completion, but the QntcTlaa^le oircom- 
stance of the preeenl poaitinn je the new Admiralty work is 
cot being gtvitn out on a large scale to ptivala bnildere 
nor are foreign oiders tor warships plentiful, or even in evidence. 
The hope geuerallv entertained at Bnrruw on the belief that 
Messrs. Vickers, ^ous & Co., Limited, intend to compLeto war- 
abipe ready fur active service folly equipped by themHoIves as 
revoide Brmoiir, ^uoa, shipbiiildini; and ecKineeettDg, ia thai a 
sChenie of shi[jbuildiA|! development wiJ) fulli^w sneh aa haa 
Aiarked the progreb^s and eaperience of the Elamck yard. There 
can be do doubt about it tbai Barrow affords aoope forthebDildinK' 
of higb-clsBS warships, and what has been hitherto wanted 
bai been oapital and entcrpriae. and theae have been Beoiir>ed la 
ifae pnrcbaee of the Barrow yard by MMsrs. Viokera, Sons A 
Co'., Ltniited, It is anticipated first of all tbat the fact tbat 
the new ownErs of the Barrow yard are prodacera of their own 
armour-plates and gotix will put them in a front' rank position 
for the delivery of fully e'juipped ships at prices wbiob will 
command orders. There ia the further prospeot of saonring 
trade by the building of variuus types of warsliip^ likely to cam. 
mand ptircliaBerB betott they ace ready for delivery. The 
.Vi(.it,wbict isTecei'.ipgher boilers andengiitet in i he Devon ah ire 
Dofik, IS pro^reepirii; very iftpidly towards L-ompletion, and it is 
anticipated i>he will be falily well ready tor delivery by thiS 
autoniD ot the present year. Already ber two maaia have 
been stepped, and some of liar boilers as well sn the heavy bad* 
plates of her engines have been lixed in position. Tbe 
Jmphi'ri't. practioally a aisttr ship to the Si ■It, is proceedtog 
weil in ber (ramiog. All the tour lorpedO-Wal deattOyfiri 
have now been laucehed, And are ie various stngesof comple- 
tion. In the cauraecf a tew weeks one or two of them, the Amu 



26 



THE MASINE ENGINEEE. 



[April 1, 1897. 



And the SiUem. will proceed on oQioLftI sad bailders' triskls. Tha 
Ducic'g of Dfi'ajiihire, Ibe liriu'icrew Gbannell ateamer, bnilt at 
Barrpw for tbe Uariow tud BeKaat ^ad tb'S B&rrow and lale 
of Mat! aetvicsB, baa heea oompleted aud m now itn.d«r^Cing 
bar enala. The a.s. Soebiiet, tvia-acrev ateftmer for the Grie^t 
Western Co. fur tte Cb»snel eervitK. faaa been lanncbed 
KDd ia beiBR rspidl^ oocnpSeted, while ber ^i-ster abip, tbe 
ftiitii^crr. will be Unnched to the middle of April, The ^eel 
has been laiJ of the new twin-Si^rcw eteamer for ibe Fleetwood 
And BtilfiHt service, Bh-e ia to be five ftet looger tban He Bi'h- 
/>/ l,aiu>at>/i: and the '^itra Bp||iC« nill be iitiHeed m her eagine 
aad boiler t«orne with a n«w of ginog ber greatet power and 
speed. Tlie onl; other job tin Bnrrow Co. ha« nn band in the 
ehipliQildiDg part o( their ytird ie the aladge botl of 1,000 
tons for tbe Muc-obeBter Corporation, for use on the Ship Canal. 
Trith 1 view of conveying the eewaee ot Cottoaopolia to tbe sea 
In the eeme nay ua ia done by uie County CdddciI od the 
ThmneB, Jn fact, the Mancbeeter ship is prauticftHy » repljco 
of those now doiui; siiah good work in t'h« Thamea, Th.e e&gi- 
neering department q( the Burrow yard baa be^n very busy, bat 
the work in hand has been larKely completed, and aew orders 
would be ac-ceptable. Somelaboar difficalties have aTisea whiob 
it i» expected will be aebtled by tbe oonference to be convened 
b^ the EoiploEers' Federation and the Amalgamated Society ot 
EDgi.ii«i«i'B. Fear waa eatertoined that the difficalliea expen- 
eno«d nonld lead to the cliising' ol the works f&r some lime, bat 
happily the prospect ta at an end. VVben the I)uehexH o! Dei'on- 
■ikin waa readv to proceed on her trial trip od Monday, the 22Di 
inat,. the eogineeiB told oS to do tbe nsnal duty in the engioe- 
TOom refased, and a aoratcb crew of engineers made ap of ap- 
prenticee and enginoiirinFt drauichtamcD were told oil lo do the 
work, Tbe m^niberB of tbe Amal^Dinat^ Society t<>ok tbie 
ai^ioa beoaoae the masters, baciog givec notice of a lock-out,. 
the central eseoative of tha En^ineerit repliied that no men. 
ahoold in tbe meantime work overtiino. As on atrial trip night 
-and day work ia «saential, the men refoaed doty, and now it ia a 
coudiiioD for the holding of the conferencethat these menwha 
were diBDhar,)(ed ehall be re-eoKaged. PrDg]j«ictB happily point 
t* an early Hottleoient i>f the- difficulty, eta iMtli from a niaBt«r's 
and .s nee'e point of viaw a laboar qaarrel at praaent wonld he 
a v«xy dUaat^oDiB event. 



i1>t0ccUaneou0. 



The Worthlngtoa Pamplng Engine Co — Tbe well-kaown 

steam and electric pumpinig eogine makere, report tbet 

their Ne'V York boaae ha,t recently received a oootmot from 

tbe Newport N'ewa ShtpbaildinK and Dtj DtMik Ca. for all tlie 

piiDips foe thft U.S. battlcihipa A'«ir.n.)e, iTendJcty, and Ulinou, 

ineladin); aleo tbe ateam aoenmnlatore and hydraulic presstire 

pumps for working tbe tarreta and gnu -OBrriagfs. Tbey aUo 

received the contract for all tbe pumpa and pumpilii^niaQbinery 

for tbe TJ.S.ibBttleahipjt/afiaiwij, whioh ia now beiuKoocatructed 

by the William Cramp A Sons' 8bip and EDgice Building 

Co, of Pbiled-elpbia. lo addition lo the above they baire 

JD^t wtrnpla-ted and delivered tbe bydraalic moahinery for 

operating; tbe turrets of tbe U-S- b^ttleBliip lotro, Their New 

Voik liouee bas also re«eiitLy received a oantract covering tbe 

ponipa reqnirod for the nrra-onred cruiser now bei up bnilt for 

the Japaoeae (.rovemmant by tbe William Cramps Sons Ship 

and ESngine Building Co. The Japaneae cruiser Vostii-yo, 

whicb waa built in 1893, by Sir William Armetroog, Uitcbell 

A Go,, at their Elaiiiok WorkB, and engined by Mesara. 

HamphryB, Tennant A Co., Deptford, London, vraa also dtted 

out with a fall oomplemeat uf Wortbington pnmpa, nnd it iraa 

dae t<0 the aatiafactory reanltfl obtained nitb these pampe bbat 

the Japanese aathoritias decided npOn qbIi^ tVortbingtoii 

pumpB id the now rraiier now hviag built in AmorioB- The 

fact tbat BO many BrItiifK and either foreign war veeaels ara 

equipped with these machines, adds another teetimonial to tbo 

hi|i;h effifiienoy of the Wortbingtonpninp. 

the Delta Hetal Ca,, Limlttd-- Tbe ninth aaniiBl general 
meeting' of the HbDreboldrra of tbe Delta Metal Co., Limitied, 
waa held at HO. Cannpo Stre-et, London, E.G., on Friday, 19tb 
Uarcb, IBar. Mr. Qbaa, CamniBll occupied ilie chair aod 
muved the fidopi ion of tbe report aud dlatemenl of o-ocuunts fur 
the jaar endioff 31«t Deoumber, ISSO, In rpfereitg to the 
fipiroB of the aopoonts. he nentioDed that the total turnover 
•bowed an inoreMe of 30 per cent, aacoaipared with ItHDQ; 



and the net profit was nearly double that «t the' previoue year. 
After WTiting off for depreoiB-tioii &q., a tota,l amonat of 
£1,34^ 10b. 3d., and placiag £1.000 to Reserve Food, it waa 
proposed to pay a dividend of 7J per oent. (less income tax), 
and earry forward the balanoe of profit to next aeoonnt. Tba 
plant bad been maintained in Qrat-alBBs condition and aotns 
additions made to it, and, aa farther fac ill Ciea were reqaired for 
a quiokar oatpnt,. tbe worka bad been ealaiged by renting aome 
additional piemiaefl adjainiDg tba Pomeroy Street worki, Ae 
mentioned in tbe report, tbe oatlook fcr 1^07 was very favoni^ 
able; tbej had large contracta on- b^nd, aud had grA.iit«d 
another licence for working the compary'a dquf>^7iDg patenta, 
fF-om which fartheT proGta miglit be aatieipated. Tbe diruelora' 
report, Btatemant of aflooanta and balance aheet tor ISEKware 
nnanimonaly approved and adopted, and a dividend of 7^ per 
eent. aa propoaad by the direotora. declared. Tbe retinng 
director. Mr. J. W. Meyjea was nnanimonBly tQ.elected. and Mr. 
Geo, Williama reappointed auditor for the current year, and the 
proceedings oloeed with a vole of tbanka to tbo ohuirnaan. 

ItutitutioB of Kaval Arohltecti.- — Tbe following la the 
programme for tbe annaat meeting of tbe Icatitntioo of Naval 
Arcbitecte, to be bold in tbe ball qI the Society of Arte, Jt^n 
^tieeti Adelpbi, on Wednesday, Tbnnda.y, and Friday. April 7tb, 
Utb, and dtb. Tbe Bight Hon, tbe Karl ot Bcpetonn, Q-C.H.Ci. 

(Preaident of the. Inst ito-tion)-, willoC(?upy the chair. Mt'ednesday. 

April Ttb. —Morning meeting at twelve o'alook. I. Annual ^ 
Report of Cooncil. 2. Flection of tbe preaident. tbe oSceoe and a 
GOQDcil. 3. AddtesB by tbe chairman, the Ri,ght Eon. tbe Eail V 
of Hopetoan, G.C-U.G^ The following papera will then be read 
and diacnaaed :— 1. " Recent Trials of the croiaors Peirerf\4 and 
reirillf'' by A, J. DnrnoD, Esq., C,B., B.N.. Eogitieer-f tx-Chief m 
of theKavy, Member of Council. 8. " Watec-Tube Boilan in H 
Warabipa," by Bear-Admirel C. C-P- Fitigerald.E.S- Aeftooiate. ■ 
3." A Mecbanicnl Method of a^cert^ininK tbe Stability of Sbipa," ^| 
bv A, G. Eamage, Eb(j., itember. X'bnrBtlay. April Stb. — S 
lioming meetisg at twelve o'clock: — 1, "On the Fighting 
^aliie of certain of tbe older IroDclada if re-armed," by Captain 
the Right Hon. Lord ChBrtea BereafoTd, CB., S.N., Aeaooiate. 
■1. " Tbe Applioation of tbe Gamponnd Steam Turbine to tha 
Porpaie of Marine rropulsion,'' by tha Hon. Charles Faraone. 
3. " On the Use of the mean Water-Line in designing the Lines 
of Bhipa," ty A. Q. Bamnge, Eeq , Mambeir- Evening neettng 
at seren o'clock ■ 1. " The Aceeterity Diagram of the Steam 
Engine," by J. Maofarlaae CirDV, Eat],, Member of Connetl. 
2. " Note On the Geometry of Stability." by J. MaefarEane Gray, 
Eeq., Member of Canncil. 3. "Acetylene, end ita probable 
Fotare afloat," by Frotesaor Vivian B, Lews*, P.O. 8,, F.I.I. , 
Aaaooiate Member of Conncil. Friday. April 9th.— Morning 



meeting at twelve o'clock: —J. "Nickel Steel ae an improved 
Materi^ for Boiler Sbell-Flatee and Forgicgs," by William 
Beard more, Esq., Associaiei ^' " Application of EJ^tri^lTraaa- 



misvjonof Power in Marine BtagiDeering and Rhipbaildiu^," by 
nerr F. von KodolLtacb, Itfember. 3, ConoEuding prooeedings. 
Tbe an anal dinner of the Icstitution will be held onWedneoday. 
April Tib, in tha Grand HaM of tbe Hotel Cecil, Strand, at ft 
quarter past aeveo. 

Initttute ef Englneen and SbipballdCFB of Hong Kong. 

—At the Bixih annaal generaS meeting of this Institntion. 

held on Janaary 30th, the aommittee of management preaented 

their report for the year 1S96, and oongralnlated the 

members on the contioued prosperity ot the Inetitate. 

The list of membera etill goes on jooteaaiug, tbe total 

memberabip being 327, Bgainat ^ftO ia IS95, viz. :— Ordinary 

I membere 16'J. viuiting members 100, BBaoaiates B. honorary 

I meeabera 3, and abeent members 52. It ia with profound regret 

'■■ that we have to note the deceaae of aa many as Bsraa members 

, dorine the past year, viz.: — Yice.preaidenba A, Johnston and 

I, Geo. Fenwick, and membera i. D. Patriok, i. Wallace, B. S, 

Williaoi^hF- Ui;Greg<.>r and P. Celiac, all of whom, iu tlieic 

; respective Bpheree, did good worfc far the Institnte. Tha 

I ooramittee bavo had to enter into another lease of tbeaa 

\ preuiiacB, with an inoreaae of ifO doliara a month on tbe rent, 

' no other place so suitable to onr porposea being obtaiaahlo. 

Ubber prenibBee were HugKeated, hut when everything was 

taken into consideraciea. it was decided to remain here for the 

next thre-e years {the leaeo being from Jane, I)4'J7, to June, IDCN)), 

by that time, it ie boped, that we sbull be wealthy and ptrong 

enongb to lease premiees in one of the new blocks about to be 

built on the Fray a BectamBtion. 



I 

\ 



AprU 1, 1897,1 



THE MABINE ENGINEER. 



27 



LAUNCHES AND TRIAL TRIPS. 



I 

I 



LAUNCHES— EsouBH. 

CoDjO. — On FebniKr; Kith an iron steftm kelcb of ISO tons 
KTOH, nftmcd the Cim;ia, vcaa laanched bt Hall, for the Oca&n 
Bte«m ^abiug Co., Limited . Grim eby; 

VvlMBA- — Ud Febroftry )6th am iran ketofa-rigg-ad BteeiDier, 
of 160 tone grois. aamed iha Vcrhentr. wkb l&DDch«d at Beverley, 
for tb« Arctic Steam Piahiog Co.k Limited, Orimaby. 

Bcx-^Oq- FebrDBTf ISth A at««l Mhooaet- filled Eitt^atntir, «f 
},S6i4 tcDB groBS, n&Taed the Kt.r, was lauDched &t B nude Hand, 
tor CBpt&iu WKllenberg, Stockholm. 

^een MaTy.— On Febrnary 20th H«eer&. Bartram Ic Boas 
Iftnnclied nt SandorI<ind a l»[gs .•ieel acrev Btfrimer for Messra. 
T, I>aalop & 6oDB, Gl&agcw. The tgsmI ia cif the Bp&r-d«ck 
iypt, *-oA ia of the (ollo^in^ dimensiaoB! — Length, 344 ft. ; 
brckdth, 4^ ft : depth, 21^ ft » in. She has been built to the 
highest clflsa in Lloyd'i r^giatTy. Th« tugineB will he iapplied 
by Ueasra. •Iota DickinaOD A tJons, LimitedF tbecvlindera being 
24iui.>l(> in., anii 66 in-i l>7 1^ in. etrake. The feBoel was 
ohriBtened Queen Jdory by Ura. fiobert Daulop, wife of tlie 
maukgirg own^r. 

Raven.— Un Satorday, February 27th. Sir Baylton Dison & 
Co. Isaucbed from the GSevatand Dookyar^a, Middteebrungh. 
K itcam tranier ot the following dimeDsiaas: — Length, 
1(30 ft. » ID. ; beam, 20 ft. S in. ; depth, monlded, II ft. ^ in. 
Xhe 'vee^^l boiS been built to Lloyd's bigbest cIabe for the 
CIwtbj3tie> Btefrm Tr&wUnp; Co., Limited, GriuAby, itbd ia ot 
the vell-Kaoivn type of etebm flebing vegBela, of mhiab a largo 
nambBr bav» heen buiit by Bir Rayltoa Dixon A: Co. Triple- 
cxpanriaD enginea will befitted by the Kortb-Eaatero Manne 
£n^ne«ring Co., Limited, of Sunderland, the cyUndern being 
lO ill,, 17 j in., 3^ in., by 21 in, stroke, ftilh a large ateelboJer 
working at 300 lbs. pree«are. Ae the rOBeet wee 1««vi[!g the 
vmyi abe waa named Rar^. 

BquatOF.— On Mar&b lot Hesara. K. and W. Hawthorn. 
Lmlted' Co.| Limited, launched at Bebbum-on-TyiiB a aleel 
nrin^aorew paeseiiger and oargo Bteamer, 226 ft. by SS ft. by 
14 ft, 1 ta. She ift built to the requir^meotH of Bureau Vejitna. 
tioA desigDOd to meet the special O&spinn Bea trade, (or which 
tli« cOEDpacy intend ber. The vsasel waa named Eqiiaioi; and 
is Ibe second of foar boilding to the order of the Eaatetn 
CarryiDK- Storing', Warrant and InaaranM Co., of St. 
Petenbarg. 

TrevUky.— On March lat ther« -wai launched frAm the 
diphnildiii^ yard af MpBara. John Keadhead & Bona, Weat 
Dooks, Sooth Shields, a new ateel ecrew ateamer, built Co the 
order of Meau«. EdwKrd Hain A Son, St. Ivea. Carnwall, ot 
th& foUowiog diinenaiuna. namely :"Lecigthr S2'i ft. : breadth. 
t' it. ] depth, affi ft. moulded. The veeael is intended torgerieral 
tnde. i» of the i«nprcn-e'd*inBle-deok typ«, and ia fitted with 
all the latest improved'entB for rapiil loading and diaobarging 
ot the cargo. Her eo^'ineBr also built by MeaBte. John 
Keadhead A Bona, are of the iriplc-expaoaioii ty^e, bavicg 
cyUndOB 24 in., 40 in., and 64 in, diameter, by 4S in. .stroke. 
ateatn being aopplied from two lar^e etael boilera vfo<rkiag at a 
praenre of 160 lbs. per eqaare incb, Bhe nae named IrevtUcij. 

Llolea.— On Maroh Qnd the Lielta, a atsel ataun eobooner 
haF^eof ahoat .510 totu ifroaa, waa Unaebad at Norib Shields 
far Hr. M. Vagliano. 

Bkrgoii. — On Uarcb ^nd the Hart/ou, an iroii Bbeam ketch of 
about I&C'' tona (trOHB, was launuhed at Btill foe the Slnndard 
Steam Piahing Co., Limited, Grimaby. 

Prome. — On March Sod Ihe Frame, an iron ateam ketoh of 
about MO tona gross, wae launched at Neiroastle for Vt. Q, 
Baeching, Fleetwood. 

Clan Hacdanald.— On March iird Meaare. Boiford A Bona 
Limited., PalliQD, launched the turret Bteamsbiipr^aiiif>7i.'(fbniil(JH 
whii-h baa been hoiU to the order of the Clan Line of steantera, 
Limited. Glasgow, asi) in the first of fonr aiator abipefor which 
iliG firm has booked orders, >fbe i^ aleo the largest of the 3U 
Hrrol flteiiiiiofs aow ftfloat- The I'Um SLifd^Huld is 100 fl, loof;, 
kith 30 ft. ti«Brn. Her groau relator is 5,000 tans, and »be liaa 
a deadweight capacity of l.WO tona. Eer large measurement 
capacity has been specially arranged for the Eaatern tiade. 
"Vm enginea with wbicb aha will be lilted are of the triple* 



expausion type, and these tviU be worked by three boileri of 
IBO Iba. workuifr prBsaore, fitted with hOfrdoa'a ayatem 
of forced draogbt. She is reckoned to aleam 13 knots 
per hour, and will be fitted with electric light inatallalioD 
throughout, iaoladio^ fiaiial aearch light. The vessel iaplatad 
tbronghout on the improved jogs.!ed- plate flyetem. Bhe will 
carry ten aleam winchea and clerricka, and there are side poats 
fitted to carry derricka to facilitate the bandliiie of cargo, ^m- 
atructed on the method origliially iutrodncod bj Meeera. 
Doxfordti Sons in the British India titeam Navigation Co a 
fbeamere. J^niiMn and Falfala, haili in ISW. The veeael baa 
been built under Britiah Corpoi^ation apeeial anrvey, and dnrini; 
her conatruation baa b^en under the BaperinteDdeaoe of Mr, J, 
Lynll. aaaiatbd by blr P Jackson and Mr. Watta. She waa 
obrietened Ctnn Xacdonald by M iaa Joaa, the daughter of od« of 
the ovnera 

Lady Leirlt-— On March 3rd Meeera. Elliott A Jeffrey 
launched at Cardifr a ateel and iron acrew gtaaraor of the 
following dLmensiaoa:— 105 ft. between perpendiaolars, SO (k. 
beam, 12 ft- depth; ^obb tonnage. 250. The veasel baa heen 
oonatraoted for the pnrpoae of (looompliabing long; and heavy 
towing, and baa been built to Lloyd's highest otaea. The 
engines are oonipound enrfaoe'Condenaing, with oytinden of 
22 in, and J2 in-, diametar, and 24 in,. atrok«. She was named 
the L">fy Ltipit, 

A-Diphltpltc. — On Maroh 3rd Ueaara. Joseph L. Thompson A 
Bona , 1 ,imited, of the Hortb Bande .Shipbuilding Yajd. Sunder- 
land, fiucoeaetully lauocbed the new steamer AniirkUriie, She 
ia built to the order of filsBsra. Stathatoa Brothers, of Bcaila. 
Qerpriacipal ditiiensiODaaf6:~Leagth bettv«en perpend ion! are,, 
320 ft. ■-. breadth, extreme. 24 fl. ; depth, moalded, 2;i ft. 3* in. 
She ia bailt on the ain.gledeok roleis to Lloyd's bigheat clasa, 
on the cellolar doable bottom principle, arranged with water 
ballast right fore and aft; water baltaGt ia. aleo fitted in the 
after peak. The veiiael baa etroag hold beauia at tlie main deck 
beigbt, and bag eight iron diviaioa bulkbaada, with iron 
lOngitudifial bulkheada right fore and aft, except ia the way of 
hatchways, where wood ahifttng boards are fitted. Fise larse 
eargo hatchways are fitted ob me upper deck, and alao a amaJl 
hatch to the reeerre bnnker. Theae hatcfaea are worked by five 
powerful ateam wiaobea, driven by a large multitubular donkey 
boiler, ploii^ed in the caainga on the upper deck, A short poop 
is litted aft, and in tlie bridg;e house amidahipe ia placed the 
accommodation (or captain, ofHMra, cn^iiiMrH, and steward i 
apat-'iooB aalooD, a limited nnmber of apare bertha, with (he 
□aual engine«iB* meaarooQi, atenard'&pantry, lar^e atoreraorai, 
batbrooma, itc. On top of the bridge ia placed an entraBce 
hall to the Balooii aud chartroom, and at the after end <it the 
engiao caein^, on top o-I the bridiie, a galley ia placed. Seamen, 
firemen, and petty viSlcera are berthed in the topgallaut Core-' 
caatle. On top of the for^cftatle ia pla(^6d a patent ateafu capataa 
wiudlaaa (or working the patent atockleaa anahars, and in 
addition an anohor erane is fitted. A patent ateam ataeriutf 
gear it placed in the after end of the ongine caaings, and la 
worked by oontrolliiig gear from the upper bndge ; sorew gear 
is g^laaed oa top «f the poop dtxk aft, The veaael ia rigged aa 
a two-maabad fore-and-aft aohoooer. Four boata are fitted on 
the bridge deok. The reaael baa been built with due regard for 
her apooial trade, with all the most modem appUancaafor the 
rapid handling of caigoea, and haa been built ef eioeptional 
etreut^ih. She ia fitted with engines by Meaara Blaii A Co., 
Limiiled,of Stooktoo. The aizea of the cylinders are 23 J Jo., 
39 in. and Gi in., by 42 in. atroke, supplied nitb aleam by two 
largo EDoltitubular boilei-e, worliiog at ViO Iba. preaeare. The 
ship and en^ineB have been coaalrui'teil nDder the Buperinten- 
A^HJM of Mr. J. W. Donovan, on behalf of the ownera. Tbe 
veasal waa launched by hydraulic power, and chriittened by 
Hiaa Taylor, danijhler of Mr. John Taylor, of the firm of 
Uesara. Anderxoa, Hotbo A Go. 

Britannia. — On Wedueaday, Uarob 3rd, Bleaara, Wm. Gray 
& Co., Limited, launched a fine larR-a Bteel scr^w eteamer, 
which thay haw built to the order of ItleBars. W. H. CoL'kofline 
& Co,, of Hull, tjhe will take Lloyd'a highest class, and is of 
the folSowing dimenaions. viz. :— Length, over all, 33(i ft.; 
breadth. 47 ft. ; and depth, ?4 It, 10 in. The deck erettioiia 
CMDniat of afall poop, long bridge, and topgallant foreoaalle. 
The e!il<.H>ii and cnptain's and ofbi^era'' rooras will be fitted 
under lbs paoip The bull ia built with web framca. and 
ceUular double bottom for water balluat. Five steam vriaebea, 
steam BtHring near nmid^hipa and acrirw gear aft, patent 



23 



THE UABIlfS BNQXNEKB. 



[April 1, 1897. 



direct iteam nindla-BB, patent donkey boiler, grain 'divinioDBr 
Btocklesa ftoohots, axid k oaropSete outQi will beJiUed (9r9 first- 
dftn CKrgo toat. Thr^ oylindec triple-f'Xp&tisioD eiig;ii)eB of 
£r8t-Ql«» Di(tl(« Are bS'iDg supplied by th» CentTal Mucme 
Engiaa Worka of William Gray ft Co., Limited. They will 
develop over 1,200 H.P. The cylindera are 24 in.. 3a in,, and 
1)4 in. diftmet>>r, with a pialon g(rok» at -12 in , and flae extra 
Iftrge steel bo^l&iK having a preeiiCiTe ol 160 lbs, p«r eqiiare inch 
will give «Q ample Bujiply of Bteam. Tbe coD&truciioa ot the 
ship Bad ntaubin^cy h>-ve twen under tlie saperiiitcaileuoe of 
Ur Q, B- Strong, of Hall, ori behalf ef Iheonnera. niid the 
cerem^iuy of tbristeniue the 8te*iTi*r riritauiiiir w»i ui-fttwtully 
p«rfaFmed by Mieh Elhcl Coolt.i>rJiae,'diut(ht«T of the macajiiiag 
ownar. Amoiiest those prewnt at the laani-h were Mr. T. D. 
'Woodhoiisi'.ot W, H. L'oclserliite 4 Co., and Wtb, Wojdhonee, 

Belgft.-Un Tliniedsy. MaPoli4th, Messrs. Wm. Gray<tCo., 
Limited, Iknncbed a toe steel scren §tc&iner of tbe followioK 
dimenfticDB. vir., : — ^Leaglti. over all. 212 fl. ; breadili, 31 U.; 
depth. IH ft. 10 ia. She has been buiU to ifae ord«r of Mr, 
Uartin C»rl, of Copenhagen, hnd will tnke Lloyd'd bigbeet 
cIm*, Tiie deck erectioba coneiat ol pcop. bridge, and frir^- 
«aetle. A handsoint? B&loon, Btate*room, and aceommodstton 
(or captain will be &iled Dp in the poop, aod cnmrortabLe 
iq^iutrleN for the en^oeera and oftiaera amidshipe. and for tba 
crew fornard. The htill ii built with de&p frKmee and oellnlsir 
donblebottoii). and ball&et tauk in the alter |)eak. Four Bteam 
wiuobes, Iart;c pntent dunkcij boiler, strain lateering ^acpTaded 
in engine-room L'aaiD^, baHd.acrew ateering i^^ar n-tt, direct 
Bteam windlass, ec^hooner rig, boste on beama overhead, 
grain diviaioDs, and all improved applianoea for n'orking the 
«team«r will be provided, the engines are of tbe three crank 
Itiple-eipviHion typo, and are from the Central Marine Engine 
Works at Meeara. William ticay & Co , Limited, tbe cjliudera 
being IE in , 29^ in., md ^17^ in- dLnno^tar, with ga in. plBton 
etrok^, and a li-rg« steel boiUr to nork st a pre^eure ol 100 Iba. 
p«r B<]DaH iiich. Tbe Bteam-er lias buen euperiniended dnring^ 
oonnraotion by Captain A. V. Kandaen, on behalf of the 
oviier ; and tbe ceremoDy of naming her Htl^a wae grocefally 
perfamied by Mrs. Dr. lonng, of West Hartlepool. 

Dimbl&Bft.— On Maceh -Hb iieetira-. Ropner & Son. 8 took ton. 
laaached tbs larj{» acrew gteatnet Du'iIj/uhc, wbich haa been 
boiit bj them to tbe order of Measrt. Blaobeth .t Gray, of 
Glasgow. Tbe steamer ia ot MeBsra. Ropnera' patent) trunk 
tfpBi deaiened to carry a very lar^e nieaaurement cargo. She 
iB> 330 ft. long by 45 ft. broad by 'JW ft. JOJ in. tnoulded depth, 
and will (Uittj C.ODO toaa dcadu'ei^htand HfiOO tons meaHiirc- 
Esent. Triple- expansion onginea will bo fitted by Moanra. Blair 
4 Co., limited, Stockton, and tvork at tbe high presaure of 
180 lbs. Tb? filearaer and enginea are throiigboutp titled with 
all the latest improvementB for ruptd and eoonoiaical norklng. 
6be nuB gracefotly named tbe Dunbtant bj Miaa May tira.y, of 
Whltebail. FaUiokBhtelda. daUKbter of vne of the o^nor.s. 

Lkurel —On March 4tb tha Luurtl. bq iron ateam ketch of 
about 150 tona grosa, waa lauDchcd at Beverley for Mr. W. 
Grant, Orimmby. 

Bvfby.— 4a Uarch 4th Ueaars. John PricBtman A Co. 
laODODed at Bonthvciok. BnnclerlBGd. alarjje steel aorcn ateamer. 
bniltio the order of Measra. Galbraiih. Pembroke S: Co.. of 
Loadoa.. Her dimetiBioiis aie:-^Lcngih, 9i)6 ft. -, breadth, 
i? It, , depth, moulded, 211 ft-. 10 in.. witL a large carrying 
capacity on a ligbt druugbt, audsbebaa beeoconalr'Dctedto tba 
thre^-deck ruleol LlQjd ■ HegifitSr, in *vliich she will be classed 
]flO A- K fall poop is fitted aft. lon^ bMdga house amidaliipB. 
and topgatlaoC torecaatle. and the veaael ib divided into water- 
tijiht oompartmenta by Qve steel bulkbeada. A double bottom 
forward and n((. dii-ided into the separftto tK.nkii. proviiles ^30 
louB ol water bntladt. The at«am steerint: gear ia placed in the 
after end ol the bridge, and ie controlled from tba pilot bridge 
by B lever -sbnft, There ie k bundfloiiio ealoon, with Moomnio- 
dation for captain, in a large deckhouae on th<>' bridge deck, 
and the offlcera and engineerB bto eomfort&bly berthed in a 
honae at the eide^ ot the engine caalng, and the crew in (be top- 
gallant torecaglle. The enKiaes. ttbich are of the triple- 
eapanMon type, have been bailt by Moasrs. hleir & Co., of 
Stookton oo-Teee, and have c>lindera 24 in , 'I'Hii,. and li6 in, 
diatneter, with « stjiyka ol 4'> in. Tbe b<;i!ieri are Ito in 
titiinbeF, nui-kirfi at a presBure of 160 lbs. pe^r »qnare inch Tbe 
launoh was in every way ancoeufui:, tbe chria entng ceremony 
being performed bj Mrs. Frieatnan. who named the vessQl 



Rn'j^y. Pnriag oonBtrnction she has bean tioder the anper- 
viaifin of Mr. Slieppard and Captain Marohant on behalf of the 
owners- 

T. B thompBion.— On Slareb 8tb tbe T. R. Tkompum, a ateel 
Bteam whooner ot about 3.320 t«ns pwea, wa« >annch»d ab 
Sonderland for ^t^. i Westell., of BunderUnd. 

Westward Ho.— On Uorcb olb the iVetlicord Ha. an iron 
ateam ketch of aboat ISO tons gro«B. waa laundiMl at Newoaatle 
for MeaerB. K. T. White a Chant, Hull. 

Xvfta. — On Friday, March 6tb, an eitremely tinaly-njodolied 
twin-aerew ateamer waei lannched by MeasrE. ^'igham Richard- 
*on it Co. from tbeir Neplnne shipyard. Newcaeile. for Uie 
faat paaaonger and cargo service of Carroo Co. hetwaon Londoa 
and Urani^emoulb. Tbe steamer is built of aleel tK> tbehigbest 
i.'!a»B in Lloyd's Itegi^tor. aOO It, in length, and ^'W ht-vo two 
raasta with » ligbt fore-and-ntt rig. Tbe> flcc^ominodotioii for 
paspi^tigpt-a irill be of tbe mast laxnnoua cbaraeter. The Urst- 
-elaas, lOO id namber, will have a lari^e dinin^-eBloon on the 
bFidga-deck amtdabipa, and forward of it there will be a large 
rnQBic-saloon. A amoking-raom will also be providad on tbe 
saine deck aft. Tb« ladies' room, witb the eteworduseea' 
room, lavatotlea, &o., will be on tbe main dook. The aetond. 
'clasa paesengeTS will be Beeammadated aft in the pOOp, and 
tfaece will bIsO be BACommodation for a large number of third' 
cla^B. The en^inee, whijsh wiEl be very powerf ol, will be of the 
triple-expanaion type, eaeh set having tonr tylinderB and fonr 
orankB, aetf-balanced on the Yarrow, Schliok and Tweedy 
system With endues balanced on this syetem all vibiatio&B 
disappear, and naturally a iireat oa,i)s$ of dj^oomfort to paft- 
■engecB ia therefore removad- the Aiqi± wilt be tbe only p»a- 
Benger vessel on the East Coast with each engines, and she ia 
expeatftd on this account, without taking into conaidBralion her 
bigli speed and Inmrionsaocommodntion, to become at once a 
jfreat favoiirite with the public. Tbe Brran(iemeiita for irork. 
ing theshtp bersclf and the oargo n-JM be of ihe moat modern 
and improved dsBcription, Liicludin,i; fouf powerful ate*,™ ftcid 
bydiaalic cTanea, steam «niJ bydr&vlio steftm steering gear 
(alt Brown's pateittt) ; ami amonj^st tbe many adrantagee of 
these ia lb kt. being noiaelese, they eanse no anmoyiDoa to pas- 
sengers. The vessel will be a faster boat, and generally a very 
tfTcat improvement, over tbe eteamer Uraniie, built « few yoarB 
sifo by Mesara, Wig.ham Kichardaon & Co. for Carroo. Oo.. 
Bud wbicb hue been very popular on the London and Grange- 
moatb eervice. ^b (be veB!<el le<f t the i4aya she waB n&nied the 
.i'-iiit, the cbriatening CereDlCmy being' iierfoHoed by Mrs. 
Tmeady, of Newcaetle-on-Tyne. The launob waa witnesBodfay 
a goodly company, amouKsi whom wcro Mr. Maclaren. one of 
the principal partners of Oarroii Co. ; Mr, Jardine, also repre- 
aeniiu^ Curron Co. ; aod Mr, Speare. marine superintendent to 
Carroo Co., under wboie Buperviaion the vesael ia being btiilt, 

HbittFO» — On March Gth the AilMitToii, ati iron ateam ketob 
ol about loQ louB groae, waE laoaehed at Bereiley for Mr, B- 
Baekuocnb, of Orituaby. 

Roeback.— On March 6th the Koehtci. a steel ateam sohooner 
of abouL 1,^)00 tona gross, wan launobed at Barrow for the 
Great Western Railway Company, Milford. 

Pendeonii.— On Saturday. March litb. UoMrs, Win. Gray St 
Co-, Limited, iannched the fine alael acrew ataamec Fi<n'ffN'fli«, 
to the order of Mr, Richard B. Cbellew, of Truro. Tbe vessel 
vrill take Lloyd'ti highest cId.hf^. and her dimcnaiona are :— 
Length, over all, 'MO ft, ;. breadth, 42 ft ; and depth, 21 ft, ^ in. 
The deck Breotiope oonaiat of a full p^p, bridge over 
(n^binerv s^cu, and t(>pgBltanL toreeOBtle. A h»Ddtoin« 
naiooii and cabins t^r offieere, tl-o , are fltt«d ap aft, tbe 
enginet'tB' rooma are in tbe bridge, and the orew's acoommoda. 
tion forward. The boil ia built on the web-fraine syetam, with 
a. cellular double ).>ottom. laree aft peak tank, lar^e hatchways, 
fbitir Bteam winchen. ateam i^leering gear an^id,uhipe, bund screw 
gear aft, large patept dopkey boiler, patent direct steam wind- 
Use, boats on beame overhead, iron grain division, Btoeklesa 
anchora, two masts with Hobooner rig. and a oomplate outfit far 
a first-elfiB8 cargo vessel. Tbe Central Marine Engine Worka 
of Messrs, Wm. Gray X Co., Limited, anpply fine triple- 
esparsion engines of l.OOO H.F .bavingcylindera 21* in., 3oin.. 
and 'iH in. diameter, with a 33-in, piston, Btn>ke, and two large 
steel bc-ilers to work at 1*30 Iba. preBsura per e-quare inoh. The 
Tesael and macbinery have been built Under tbe anperinteuden^^ 
of Mr John Chellaw and Ur. Geo. Hobaon, and tbe doabl« 
cersTDony oE chtieteniDg the ateamei iViidennin and laaiichiDg 



AptU 1, 1897.J 



THB MABINE BNGINBEB. 



29 



I 



> 



har <rB.a ffftcelvHy perfoimed hy iiiaa Uirioa Etbel Hinka, 
dAOgblCi' of Ur- Jildepb Hinks, of Miltfert'oa Liinii. Laaniia^toD 
Sfft. Tba Ftndtnnii is rha Sftb ship built b; Ueiirs. Wm. 
Gcftf .b Co.. LiffliiMl. for Mr. Rtobftfd B. ChellaH'. 

Oooro,— Ud UftToli 6tb Hewra. Cook. Weltou A Geaiinell 
lauQclied nt Uul^ tbe iroa iteaoi tnwler V^kto, % tqhmI «f 

■ bout I'SO IoQh ^ro«e. Sha ia (O uUb4 100 Al, >ad i» Owiie4 by 
the Uee&n Sie*Tn Fishinn Co., Grimsby. 

VuioiimU— On Moodaj klternooa, M&r&b 9tb, thera wbb 
IftiiDcbcd [lom the Bust Yacd of Ueaara, C. B. Sfrau ^ Hutiier, 
Llmltvd, of ^'AlUiini^, » et«el sorew ateftnier, t^uilt to the older 
oi UaMn Galbtalth, !P«'iuliroke .it Oa,, of Landon. This vesst^l, 
wMah Ubailt teethe hi^heHt cl&ns ^t Llc-^d's partial anning 
deck rate, is 275 ft, betWMn E>erpandicQtAr9 by ril) ft. 'i in. b«Bm 
b]r ZO fl. B in. deptb,.moulil«d. Sbe bos been comtrocW to 
cairry 3.000 lona deailwei|thi. on at light draught, and is fitted 
witli all tbs reijuireitieDtfl for lb« special trade of Mr Baeillo 
Kmbricoc, of Aadro's-, whilei for laauing be'lween jjortfi in 
bfttlast ebe hs^ bpec £tted mith nnuaiially larj^e water Lall.iat 
tanks. Tti@ macliinery for this veaatl has been coiialrTicted by 
tbe Centtal MtrinH £iiBiii« Works of West Hartlepool, and 
ooaaista of a set ut engiaea with ufliudprs .M in., J3in., and 
58 in. diameter, an'd 3t> in. stroko. with tvtit \a.TKfi steel botkra 
tlt4«d wirh patent (amacea. working at a preasore of lUOlbs. 
per aijciare iaah. Oo leaving tbe ways tbc- st'eanier, which isof 

■ fiiia aad pIpasiQg model, was cbriat^aed JtlonaiWi' by Ur*. 

Franlc Treweot, of Lotido'). Dnring the otioatraolion the 
McunerfaaB been survejed by her fatnro (.'ouiinaJiider, Captain 
Birtia. and tbe engines by Mr. J. C Olark. 

1le«p»rt. — Oa Hairob 'Jlh Mr, Joseph Scarr, Qcovehill, 
Beverl^^. laancbed a ateA'm baij« of the fcillowiog diaiem- 
lio&s:— Lenglh, 4><l ft. ; breadth, motitded, 14 ft C in.; dapth, 
m«alded, H ft. 3 in.; engiDaa eotnpoand surface oondenaisg, 
high preBiiire, 8 in. diametAr. low preaBure, IG in. dia,ineter, 
both ha^in); a BLrolce oC Vi \a. Boiler of marine type. 6 ft. long 
hy <l ft. dunnetor, nith 62 tabBB, and -irilb a total baaliog 
aiirtace of Slti square feet. The veaael ^aa chrtBtcned the 
iViiftrf bv Mias G- SciMrr, *Qd is bnilt W the order of Meaara. 
WitlMmton & Co., of Ooole. 

PaafBln. — On March iSih Palmer's Sliipbiiildiiig Co, 
launched at Jurrow-oo-Tyne th* Bt««l Bteamw Penguin, ^vkbh^I 
of about -07 tons grass. She wlII reaeive the highest ola^ft in 
Lleyd'i register, and ia onaed by the Australian GoverDmant. 

Oakmore. — On Tbaroday, Haroh l^ilh, Mesgrs, Biohardaon, 
Dock & Co. lannohcd a 6ne steel screw Bbeaiii@E(lhe' Iwgcatyct 
buJIt al Btookten) of the folli>«riii({ dimensioDB — Lengtli, 

Ortr bI|, 41& ft. 6 in ; brewdtb, ontrenie. 17 f L. i depth. 

moulded, 81 ft. 6 in, ; ^eaiA tonna^i?, 4,''U0 tons. Thia vessel 
haab«en bailt to the order of MosBrs. Williani Jobnston iC Co.. 
].jaiit«d. Liverpool, for their American and Canadian gaueral 
and oattle trede. She nil! oEbbb 100 Al at Lloyd's, and has 
bwo built onder special survey. The deok erectiuua coneEst of 
lODg eit«ndad poop and foreoMtte niid loi»g bridge, The spu-:ea 
b«|wtwn these erti.tionK will, however^ be cloaed xa Above 
bulu'arka ail il decked ovsr, thua forming one conticooaa deck 
fora and aft. A'-'t^oinniodHtion for cB.pta.in, of&cera and 
eaxineeFB \% provided in honsen on bridge deck Crew are 
berthed in topgallant loreH&HiJc, and caUlemen in lower fore- 
caviloandalt. Cattleetalla will befitted for the entire length of 
ii]>per det'k and ou bridge deck. A oeliitlBr double bottojn 
Ikrouxliont, »iid fore-aud-aft tealc tanlts are fitted for water 
lAllitat. Vrfisfrl IB rigged as a four-miwited achooscr, and 
e^liiipnient inoludiee eight aleam wiiLahiiEi. largo marine oiallitu- 
bular donkey baiier, by Tllc'Ssrs. Blivir ± Co , 12.0 Ibe working 
|irasHurc, aKani wiadlaaa. aloklesii anchors, steam Bteeririg^ear 
iri boiiae aft. ai'tuited from briidKo by sbafbiDg, doiiblt; derriaks 
Ki each of as van batches, itc, dto. A complete i(iar»llat)On of 
electric lighting ie b^ing lilted by M^Birs. J.K- H&lmea 4 Co , 
N«we&etlo. The engint'e. by MeiBro. Blair >V Co.. have oylLodera 
'la ia.. 4U in.., 71 in. by S4 in. etrokit, ateam beinij sopplied by 
two doubb-Mlded boilers, with a working pressiire of 21)0 lt>s, 
Aa the vessel was loaiing the ways she was cbrUtened 
(loArii'irr bjr Urs. C- W, Litlleboj, of Sallburn. 

DrninfftFth-— On Thnreday afterDooD, Marah IBtfa, there 
oaa lanncbod frooi tbe Sonthwark yard of AleBerg.. nobeil 
Thompeon & Sons, a steel gpar-deck atoamer, b^iilt to the order 
oi Ueaara. Gilli»on &. Clmdwiok, of Liverpool, her dimt^uMJos 
balnc M rollowe —Length, over all. S()2 ft. : brettdth, III ft. f> in. i 
dapin, iDDiilded, 2T ft, 11 in, ; built to the highest vlait ftt 



Lloyd's, haa oelliilar bottom and both peaits for water ballnat, 
jioop aft, loag bildge amidshipa and topfjallant forecastle. The 
aooommodatioa tor Qapeain and oSoeia ia in the forirard part 
of the bridge, engiQeers' rooms being at alter end and orew ■□ 
topgaltFLnt foTeL-aslla. The Tsaee] has Cve large habchei, all 
being SCted with Jaable derricks, for tbe rapid loading and die- 
charging 'of cat^o,. and has in addilicin a 2.'i-ton derrick placed 
on deck to the mala haloh, and aix powerful ateani winchas, 
multitnbalar doJi key boiler, steam atoeriag gear in eagiB^-room, 
with eontrol ahaftiof to wbeelbouae oo bridge. A rery powar- 
fal wiflcli t? placed on the poop for tranaportinjii parpoaee. a 
gangway beioe fitted from poop to bridi^e and bridge 10 tore 
cas'jle to enable the olfiocra to get from end to end of vesael 
wiihoat going on the npar-deck in bad weatlier. The veaael in 
tilted with doable the usual nomber of \ enulaiora in the holda 
to ensure goOd vQotiliktion, is auhooner- rigged with t^loac^piu 
roasts, and will he tiCt«4 oot with everything to make her a. 
flrat-dase upto-date cargo steamer, bfiug fpeoisJly dei>igaed lo 
cg>rry a larse cargo on liKbt driiught. Tiie en^inei are by 
MeBBfB. Oeorge Clark. Limited, having oylioders J4jii)., 40 in,, 
lilliin. by iSin. stroke, with two hoilera Mi Ft. by II (I., ISO lbs. 
presHUre, Oa leaving the wayti she wus gracefully ohristened 
the Driimyailti by Mrs. Gilli;jOTi. ivife of one of the ownere. 

Zanetft.— Oo March IHtti Meears Wm. White A Bona 
laQDcbed at Cowes a compoBtle eteam yacht. Bar priQaipkl 
dimenaions ar^ r-^Length over all, 123 ft.; leagtb. on watar- 
line, 102 fl. : breadth. l-Jft. Gin.jdnoght, 7 It, Sis., ikud lit 
tons, TheboiJerand maofaincrjbave also been constructed by 
tbe fiame fiF'tt. She ^vaa built tor Mr. Alfred Shutliewortb and 
waa named the Zamta. 

Ben Lomond.— On Marid llrth tberewaa launched al South 

Shistiln by Meaars. Eltiioghaai A Co. a soreiv trawler, built to 
the order of the ^'oJ■th British 6toam Fisbiog Co., Liioited, 
Aberdeen She ia to be clas.s«d lOU Al ut Lloyd's for Aching 
parpoies. Her dlnett^ione are— '.(o It. keel, I'.i f 1 . beam, and 1 1 ft. 
depth. Sha ia to be enginad by Messrs. G. T. Grey & Co , South 
Shields, having eylinders 16 id., 3£ io.. and 22-)a. stroke, and 
tba boiler prsesure ISO )ba. She was chriBteoed the ten 

L-irai'iitl 

Haylabdi-— On Saturday, Uarch SOth, MeaHra. Faraoas, 
Withy & Co., Limited, launched from their MiddUton shipyard. 
Hariiepool. a lar^a steel eorew sieaniBr uf hamlsome deaign to 
tbe order of Heaers. J. F. Wilson & Co.. West Hartlepool, Sba 
is a tine type 1^ a mod«m car^ boat, moaaoriDg over 32'0 fl. in 
length, and boilt tbroogbout of Sietnena Martin ateel with large 
meaeoremeot and deadweight carrying cEipaoity of aboal 4,170 
tone, built to the bigheat tiaaa at Britlab CurporacioA The 
vessel ij of the ain^le.deok type, with poop, bridge and fare- 
castle. 'Ihe holds are fitted with iron grain dlvtaiona. and all 
deak erections, skjlights, bulwarka, &c., arp conelructed of 
steel and iron, oelluW double bottom titled fore-and-aft for 
water tiallaet; the afler peak being also available as a tank. 
Tilt! gruaier portion of the piaW are in iJ4ft. lengths, makiaa 
thv etrugtore of the veaael very etrong. Four large, poweeful 
winobea. two donkey boilers, patent att'am steering g:ear nmid- 
sbjpo, screw gear aft, direct Bte&m pateol windlass, atooklesB 
anoliors, hauling into hawse pipea. and other mudarn apptiances 
are UttLsl for thu handy working of the ahip, aitJ she ought 10 
hi- au ac({uisilioQ to the lleet of (he ownens, Tlie saloon and 
cabui providlne awcom [POdatiOQ for the captain, Ac, are band- 
aotaely haiah^ in poli»bed ba.rdwood. I'he veesel will b« 
rigged aa a two-maated fore-and-aft Bcbooner, and will be 
litt43d with triple-Biponaion engines of massive design, witb 
every provieiion tor ecoDoinicHi working, by Messrs. Tbomaa 
Ricbardson A Sons, Limited, Hartlepool. The vessel and 
machinery have been oonstracted nudtr the auperlntendence of 
Mr, J, Maddiaoa on behalf of tht^ownt^r^. On leaving the way a 
Hhs was ^cacefolly cJiHitened MnijUmii, by the Mayoress of 
Weal Hirllapool.Mra. J. F. Wilson, 



tAUNCHES— ft.-OTca. 
Fife H«H.— On Fabmaiy 15lh a steel steamer of ISfa tons 

froitb, named the /■/i' Nmi, was launiibod at Aberdeen for the 
loss Fishing Co., Kirkraldy. 

WaUari,— On February lath a steel schooner -rigged eteuner, 
of 3,0'.*7 too groaa, named the Woikar^, waa Utini£ed at Dum- 
barton for tbe Union Bttamship Co., of New Zealand 
Liraitad. 



30 



THE KAELO ENGDJEEB. 



[AprU 1, 1897. 



PilhlDg Tuht.— On Pebraary 21th Mr. Jftcueti Adftin, boal- 
baOder, Gooroirk, lanocbed > fine aihiny yacht for Mr. 
Ebeoei^er Bamenj. Tbe Cflob, Greenocl. The vea»el. wbjch is 
intended fur vh&le liBhuit;. is built o{ a&k timbering pl&nked 
with teak, and iB &0 (L to loni^th, 10^ ft. botkw, Had ii (l. il in. 
ieeii moulded, wil^ tbrM btUkbends, bbe i» fitUd wiUi 
aampotmd fiQrfbo«-eondeiiaiiig en^iaM, aupplied b^ Mr. White, 
Oreonoak. Bh« £a«a«nTea 32 toaai &ad is ketcb rigged. 

Devenihira. — Od F-ebrnfir; S4tb Messrs. Rnsaetl A Co., Port- 

Gls.ak!Ow, Laanched & st8<9l Hcreo' Btetinier Dantod !ief)ni/iirt, to 
tbe order of Meeera. J. A A. Boiibiirgb, GUsgow, This ate amer 
WW bailt Qiidec the auperinteadeDoe of Cft|>iaia Pritohard, will 
Cftrr; 5.H0O tona deadweight, Aud meaBurea -Length, EJO ft. ; 
width, 46 ft, ; deptb, 28 ft. <i in. Her eogines will be «tLpplied 
by UeBars- Ha.nkia A BIi,okmoTB. 

Atft^oskn Mara.— On Ukroh S'nd there wi^g laancbed from 
the glupbuiliiiEg yhcd of Jleesre. A.robd. U'UilERO /t &ca, 
Limited. & tiaely-modellcd etocl acr^w aleamer, the ftecond of 
two Bimilbr ve^sela b>!>>iig c^ailt tp tlie order cf Jl^s^re. Uitsoi A 
Ca,,4f NBgi^a&.tci find LoDdoa. The prioL-ipal dimensioaa af«; — 
Length, *JU ft.; breadtih, 3S ft.; depth, 22 (t.; l,!'00 tOBB 
groas TiORiateT- Bhe bne ft larijre bridge, topgalUnt forec&atle, 
and hoim aft, two eampleta decka of steal — tbeapper; aa ulau 
difl bridge aad foreoaaile deokg, being eheathed with teak. 
Water baUaftl is bein^ provided for in cetlaUr doDble-batiom 
tfiis and all {subdivided into six cDmparbui«Dte), in deep 
tftohfl aui,diihi[)B (whieh «aii alw be lued tot CAr(|r«}, and in ait 
|iMi:. The Aorommodatiail (or cflioers, cDgineaFB, &nd a Iak 
pUBenDora is arranged ia larg'O ftiry roooiH under bridge dealt, 
wbile tha <!rew and pelt; oCBoera ■.!« located in the topf;<allant 
loreca«tle. The captain's room aod cbbrt-room are Bitoated 
in a large teak deoikh>OBSe ou tbe bridge de;:k. Complete 
ariangemeati sre made do deck for aavi^etini; the veeacl aod 
the rapid and eflicient warking of Cbtgo. as ii^ tba C&ae ia all the 
JapaaaBir ateamers presently being built on the Clyde. A 
nnmberot car^o and l^oali□g ports are provided in the ebip's 
■ide, and nn^wayi GtWd in the bntwarka abreast of the hstoh- 
wa;H. The ntacbinery, which is being eopplied by Meaarg. 
Da vid QowaD & Son, Glnagow. bas cyiiaderp- 23 in., 3h in,, ^nd 
03 in. diamt^ter. with a etroke of -i'i in., and the Btcsm preeeare 

isl75 Iba. The OeremiliiJ- 0( naming^ the V6&ael Atugotan Manx 

nae gracefully performed by Miss Bftbtie. iJunbrition Hoaae, 
Dumbarton, who, in s.ccot'daTice with JapHneee raetom, 
liberated a Qock of pjgeona an the Hoatin^ of the vesnel. The 
veaeel is being built under special siarre; of Lloyd^a, and under 
tje instruolionB of Mr. A. K. Brown, tbe Japanese CoDsnl at 
QlaBgow. 

" Sahan. — On March 3rd Sleasra. Alex. Stephen & Sons 
dfLunched at LmthotiBe a handsoine steel screw Nt-eamer oF th, 
himenaiong— 370(t. bv IS il. by 2Tj fc. with Inll poop, bridKee 
oese, and topKnU^Qt foreoastli?. and fitted with engiaee (aUo- 
btkill at Lintbeiise) hayias oyliadera '23 ia., 41 in., aad S7 in. 
diameter, by 4$ in. ttToke, supplied with Bleam at 175 Ibg, 
preaenre from boilers fitted with Howden's forced draoght. 
Thii veieel is practically a aialer ship to the 9..B. Syanm. 
laDDched in December. And embraces alike in design and 
eqaipmi^iib everything that wide eiperiecce auggeeta aa the beet 
for ber intended ^vork. She is the £flr«]ith eteikmer built by 
Meaaia, Biepben lot the uuue uWDtte. Meaarb, itbi^lay it 
Mclntyre, of Ola^oi«, and will be a wofthy addition ko the 
h.if,e flfi'et of this llrm. She was named S'iIkU'I hy Miss 
Molntyre. 

Empreii Queen, — Oo Uarcb 4th bha Fairfield Shipbuilding 

Lud Eugineeriuij Co., Limited, laanohed the i.'»if rr>« Quettt, a 
laige piddle BteKmsr whiob they have built for the lale oi Man 
Stenni Faoltet Co. The EmfTttt tjiiait \a a Teasel of 2.00'i tons 
^oaa, eouetrnoted ol steel throughout, and when completed 
will rank aa the larf^est and tooet powarfnl paddle steam<!r 
adoat. She ie to have i^iigiiiee ef m.OOU I.U.I'., and has beeu 
gplendidlj liLted up for the accommodation al a large ntimber 
of paaseneerB. The dsk' ete^mct ie intended tor the Liverpool 
and DooglM eervioe of the Isle of Uati Steam Packet Oo,, and 
willbe tha fineet andfoateat veasd in their fleet. The name 
Euipren (ju^iit btte been givea her by Her Majesty's »pecia] per- 
mijieion and in honour of her diamond jubilee. The princiiuil 
dimensione ot the new ateanner are:— Length. 37-7 ft.: breadth. 
^3 ft. Gtu. : depth, mguldtid, 2fi tt i6 in. Tbehnll is divid(^d 
into watetbigbt couipartin^qta by «te«l tr^n&vcrae bulkheads, 
whiob, beaideii redacing the nak of fouederia^ to a minimaca, 
materially augment tbe strength of tha Ftrneture, fofmiu^ 



i-alnable topporta and tiea between tbe deeka and framinf 
The decks are fuar in number, aiid ure termed " lower," 
"main." " spar." and " promenade." Dioing acoom modal ioa 
for l'24 lirat claas paeaeagers la provided in a handeomely- 
fumiehed s&looo on the lower deck. The forward part ot tbe 
abip e« allotted to second-cla^d paBBengera. l^a dioioK saloon, 
fornard of lu^obinery epaoe, oa tbe lover d«cK,haviu)[ bar and 
pantry adjoinicig. provides ample acaommodatioii tor th^ 
second claas. Oo the Aarae deck, and forward ot this, is a 
ladiea' BBca7id class aaloon. The main deck above ia arranged 
ae a aecond-claas shelter, and coDtDine a bar, bofiet, mail and 
parcel room. Un tbe epai deck aft, in houses, are aoveral 
private cabiiiB, titled With berthe, £{., ia the very aeweat etyle; 
and amidships on the same deck ie a cloak-rooai and cipmbioed' 
bar and amoking-room ; while all fore and aft every availably 
apaoe is ntilised for ailting'Toom, there being sparred saats 
Buffiuieat to seat over 560 persoua. Above tbe rpar deek is a 
Bpaoioaa promenade deck, eitending from the fore end of tha 
boiler room light aft to the end of tbe firat-oUas oabin. with 
bnoyaat eente runniDg tbe entire lua^th, eseeptiog^ a aninl) 
portion at the after end, which ia required for |he bosta. The 
BlflvD.ge of tbe boats baa reoeived special attention, eo kb to 
allow of immediate laanchln^ if necaesary. The promeoada 
decKeovera about tbree-fanrths of the length and tbe whole 
breadth of tbe reeeel, and being onobetructed hy anytfaing bat 
fhbsolnte neoaaeitiea, atioh ta captain'a hooae and bridgee, it in 
i-very wfty jnatifiee the title. prc.meii9.d.f. The bridges whiob 
aarmcntit tbe promenade deck are placed, one at the foremoet 
extremity for navieating parpoaes, and the other bolweea th« 
fQDiiele, and extending rrom sponeoa to sponson. From both 
of these bridges tbe bow and eiern rudders are ooo trolled bjr 
meang of wheiols conneoted with independent steam ateering 
^■eare pieced below on the engine-starting platform, A Iiand- 
ftcrew steecing appuratna is alao piacgd m reswve aft in oaae of 
emerijeii(;y. Docking and engine telegrapba are provided oa 
ea^ h of the bridges. A complete installation ot electric light is 
fitted an board, includiog deck and embarkation lights, ta., all 
an the mual improved ayitem. A steam capstan windlass ia 
fitted forward for worldog tbe ship's cables, and on 
(he apar duuk aft a powerfal capstan is Atted 
fcr warping «ed mooring parpopeg, A double- ao ting 
Bteam wmch is fitted forward for the speedy bandllug of 
IngR^fi^i ^'^- "^^^ vessel will be fitted with compcoad diagonai 
■ orface -condensing engines, the largest and moat powarfnl 
paddlB-wbeel enginea yet boilt I'here will be Ihree ateam 
cylinders placed side by aide, and working od three oranka, tbe 
high-ptOHSure tyUsder bein^ placed between the two low- 
preeeare eyJindere, The hipb-preaffRro cylinder ie fitted with a 
pietoa v&lve, and each of the low-preBnure eylinderB with Qab 
ahde VBlvas. all rontcalled by the usna) double ecoeii trice and 
link motion valve gear. Tbe crank abalt is a ponderous piece 
of machinery. It ie bnitt, and together with tha paddle ahatta 
ia forged of mild steel and bored hollow. The starting and 
reveraiog is effected by a large steam and bydrauEic engine od 
the direot-aoting prineiple. The paddle-wheele are made of 
Bt«el, and <30DetrDcted im the featheriug pi^inciplc wtth ciirved 
lloate. Steam ia supplied to tha engine by toar double-ended 
boilers arranged in two compartments, od# forward and one 
aft ot the engine-room. The ooilerB are of the mDltilubalar 
retnrn - tube marine type, eaob having eight corragated 
furnaeea. and cooBtruoted entirely of steel to Board of Trade 
re<|Diremeiite. Thay are adapted to Work with Uesiri. 
Howden's system of forced draught, and the tieceasafy tana 
and en^noa will be fltted to supply air to tbe fQraaoee. The 
veaeel will have two fannela, and wdl be rigged as a schooner 
with two pole maais, and when eompEeted will form a valuable 
aildition to the already renowned lleet of the Isle ot Man Steam 
Pnoket Va,, Limited. She haa been constraoted under tbe 
aup^riateudence of Mr. H. ll.WesI, asival arcbiteat of LiverpODJ. 
Mrs. Mytrea. wife of the Dbairman of the Isle of Mas Steam 
Packet Co., performed the naming aeremony. 

The TortoUo-— On March -Jib Mcasrs. Lobuil;^ A Co.. 
Limited, laancbed froo) tbeir shipyard in Eentrew the third of 
a daaa of watet-tank vedBola, bnilt to tbe order ol (he Britiafa. 
Admiralty. The vessel, whii-h waa named Tht Torioi^e, va> 
ooDstraoted under the eupervision of Mesare. Ourr, Harding, & 
Nuwton, Admiralty ovet.aeers. 

Wakasa Mara —On March Hi.h there was lauadied frtHn tha 
flhipbuildiu^ yard of UeaerE. Divid & William Heudor^u A Co. 
Fartiek, a handfiijmaly modelled twin-screw eteamer, whioli 
baa been bnilt to tbe order of the Nippon YneeB Kaiaha, of 



< 



I 



ApH! 1, 1697.] 



THE MARIJhE ENOINEEK. 



31 



I 



I 



I 
I 



T^kio, btiAti tha euj^tviBiou of A, R. BrawB, E*)., Jap«.tiea« 
CdctoI BtGlaegow, who has been lijiBtcd by Oapt&iiiPeriBrnfnr 
the hull, and Mr. G«or^e McFkrluoe for the engine de^&rtineiit. 
H« pnnclpBl dim-en siooa aie: — Leiialh, oserail, W-i ft. -.hvuo. 
mooided, 4!>ri,2iij,; ilcplb, mDaUed. 33 (t, !> in. ; kind « i^ross 
toDDAge of &boat 0,000 torie, clkeeed in Lloyd's l*>0 Al three- 
deck rql«. Tb« vea^tl is of tbe a&me dMii«iitic>Qa ns lliet"? 
■taunera whifih tbi^ builders h&ve reci^Dlly complei«d far tLc> 
Min« owners. The gencnil arnLcgeiHenta are alea aomev-hi.t 
Bimllar, liQt the t\'iil:afii Ulayu Rtll have more paasenger 
•cconiirodation.aiid will berimed aaa two-roaeted fore-and-kfi 
Hhonuer. A moei, compldte iustbllaliou oF eUctria li^bt fay 
W. C Mftrlin i- Co., Otaegow, la being fittad, *ad tba -reaoel ie 
•Uc Ycnttlaled tfaroQ^liout oa ttie B«tucl-TliDiii|>acD pftaciple. 
A refiigecaiiiiR cliBmber IB fitted up hj the Ltade Co. Ihn 
tiiM}im«ry vill be eufplied bv the builders' tlrro, and douMaCs 
ottwoaetfl ol triple e^paneLoQ icni^iue^, e«ab having cylindera. 
SO in-, B3j in., and 5i; in, diameter, by 4-5 in. stroke. Steam is 
■applied by two large ilonble-ended aad two einKle'Cnded 
boilers, oocstruoted furs working pressure of 200 Ib^. per i«juare 
incb. On leaving \hi wbjb tbe vessel was gxBoefulIy ntiiiied ibe 
U^akiia Ham by Mrs. McMiiUn, wife Of Captain MoMill^a, cni.- 
a( Ifaa c<iBipftiiy'« cotutnatidera. 

Mile.— On Uarcb dth McasrB. B. Na.pier it Bona, Limitwi, 
Unncbed from bb^ir sbipya.id at Oovaik it stiet screw atehmer 
ot atwut 3,0*j0 tons grosii for the GIbh«"w ShipowiiBiB' Co., 
Limitad (M«Bers. Glen A Co., St. Vuj>ceBt Street, Ql:a.agow}. 
Theprineip^ldlniABfiiorittars:— L«D;th,980ft.; breailtb, tuU.i 
vxd depth, '21 ft. H In, The vetBel baa ■ full poop, loti^ bridge 
had Lopa&U&Dt forecastle, ii ballt on the deep frame pcinuiple, 
with cellalat double bottom all fore-&nd>«il, aod is cliRj«ed 
too Al at Lloyd's noder epccial aurv^y. Sfae baa been designed 
tor the conpaDy'n. service, and iii fitted with moat modem 
&piilikic«B tar %be (efficient ngcking of ship bnd i:e,TgQ. Cplnlorl- 
aow Miioiii modatioG has b«en provided in lbs pcxnp for ihe 
Upbtin and offitere, tht ecKiiieerB are berthed ia the bridfie- 
hooM, Bud Ibe aailarB und firemen in tbe foreoB.Btk". As the 
reeael cwnmanced to move down the ira.yi she was gracefully 
naoifd ibe Nile by Mies Uitohell 

Ulceley.—OD March '.Ub Measre. Mackie A Thomson, Gdtah. 
lannclied the eteeJ fcnv deeter, VlirUn, another of (be list 
whicb tiiey are baildiag for lleesrfl. Hagernp, Doughty & Co., 
Qrimabv. Tbevessela are of IGO Ions eai:b, add are bfiD^; 
•applied with triple-expaoeion engineB by Messrs, Mair £ 
BotutCD, KiiiniDg Parli. 

Ofpiy,— On March 9th the Fairfield Shipboilding and Engi- 
itoeting Co.. Limited, lauociied the torpedo-boat deBtrajec 

Oypty, wliicb they have bmlt tor the Briliah GoVfronient 

She la the &r91 of thr«^ aiiuilar vesec-la building at Fair-Seld. 
They are expected to attain on tjial a speed of [to hnote per 
bouT. 

Mfl«tfr&se.— On March lltb MeeerB. Bootl & Soae laaacWd 
fron their iibipbuildin^ yard at ^C^wCJig * twin-Bcrttw tii.K of 
dimenuonB 123 ft li in. by 34(1 6 in, bv i2 ft. lOiu , whifh they 
have bailtfor the Belfast Haibour dommiaaioners, Muaarv. 
UsocoIliS: Co.. Limited, Aberoam Ba^in, Belfast, eapply the 
nwobinery. On moyiiig down tbewayatlie vessel wue named 
Jfiuyruir by Ur«. II. Mactioll.Saxonia, Bolfaat. 

Itntfanape.— On March lltb there wbb laiinQfaed frein the 
jud of Hftsrs. Kotifiell it Co , I*ort-Glaagow. a handeGmely- 
modelled Bte«t eakon paddEi? Btestnirr. which ig the first of two 
steBRicrs bailding for Captain Jclin Williamson, Hotbesay. 
Tbe priccipal dimeusione of Ibe m^w steamer arp: — Leogtb, 
300 It. i breadth. 31 ft. i depth, l& ft. The hull is divided uito 
vatettii^t QOmpH-hnMite by eteel tmneverse Wlkbeadp, 
DiniDC aeMmmoilalion for 80 Bret-clasA paeeengere id provided 
in • oaadBomely fnmipbeil ?aloon on tbe lower deak aft. 
Ob Ibe main deok abore ia the ealoon, baviirg ladies' cabin, 
Ae., which is Qtted op in polished wood, iiDd tastefnlly 
apbolBtricd in crimfoii moiiucbte. The ho! odds are being 
ftinii(li«<l throoghout by Meesre. Wylie 4 Ltchhead in an 
exeeBdiDgly di^te Ciaiiner, while the ventilation hoR been 
d^i^ed and walked Ant on the most approvn^d priboiplea. 
The forward part of the- stcami'r is Allotted lo s^cond-clasB 
pUMDger«. The laain deck bciuK ectirely covcTed in mskee 
a fore buIooii, the dminK saloon beiut; on the lower deck, hay- 
ing bar, pantry, Ac, proTidiri,' ample accomtnodation and 
(acilitiei for a large number of paeBengera- Above tbe main 
daek. ek.tcnding frpna ^tem to witbia 10 ft, of stem, the taU 



breadih of the fhip. ia a ap&ciotu prenianado deck, ob which 
are placed the cbart-room and tioket-offiee, above whiob is the 

DavigatiHi; bridge. The steamar will be lighted by a complete 
inataJlation of ('lectric litjht on tbe most improved syetem. The 
vesaal will be fitted by Meei^ra, Rankined: Blackrnore with com- 
pound diagoaal surface coiLdenaing .^ni^inea of tbe most moderD 
type, havinft Brown's wvei-aing gear, Weir's [mwpe, ^tere, 
feedheaters, Ac l^team is supplied by one large bmlei of the 
Navy type, conKtrnoted entirely of eteel to Board (vf Trade 
reiiQiremenla. Mild forced drauRht with cngioo and fane will 
be supplied for regular dietiibution of sir to faruivcee. As »be 
IpIc the ways sht^ was named the UtraTlimtiTe by SIIbb LiU 
WitUamaoo. Book Villa, Itotheaay. 

Wyaford.— Od March Itilh Mbbbtb. tViliiam Harniltoo .k' Co. 
laaaohedCrom their Glen Vard, Fort-GlaB^aw. a «EeeI aailiiit; 
barque of l,t))40 tons t^ross and 1,^57 tona net regiiter tonnage. 
IoceTty3,4(XI tone dead. weight, for M.eBBr8. Biokie, Bonnan d 
Co., Loudon. Tbe following are the principal diuieDsioos :^^ 
LeiiBth. aboQl 270 tt. ; breadth, -14 ft.: deplb, mooldBd, 
25 ft. H in. The veHBelhaa been built to the high^vt dies at 
Lloyd's, and is Att^d out in the moat modern nianuer for tb* 
quick and easy workiog of tbe ship. The aaeommodation tof 
the oMcera and crew are of Che motit complete description. AJi 
the veBeel left the w&ya she was named che Wiivi^trif by Hn, 
Robert Hicltie, of Wyaford, Abbey Wood, London." Tie 
WtjMartI is the second veaeel built by Meaarv, llamiltoa for Ibe 

I game owners, and ia a Hiotef ahip to the iiilUcutt, launahed lart 

I yi?ar. 

i Ventnor and WaJthftm.^i>n March 16th Messm ^Maukle d 

\ ThomBon. Govbd, lauuched the ^team lleetL>rs Vntrnur and 

f IfaHiiaai. The VCHsels arc of about l!]0 tooa each, and area 

farther ioBtatment of tbe Qeet being bailt fjr Mce^ta. Hagerap, 

Ooughty A Cp-. Grimeby. Th^y were named by the Misa«« 

MBfMnat, of Atden, Jcrdanhill. 

Oiado. — On Uaroh !6th the Clydebank Bngineeriag ,aiid 
Shipbailding Co , Limited, l&uncbsd fion their yard a twin- 
Bcrew torpedo-boat deati^'oyer famed the ()«<iiF<', cgnettooted for 
the i^paDiBh OoverniiieDt. Tbe ClydehiiEik Co. soiLie time ago 
received orders to build for the SpacUh GovercmBot a numHr 
of vessels of tbifl cIbbs. and recently they delivered the Fvrttr 
and l'ery'>r. after they had gone throuRh speed trials very 
aati8fai>tocily, TTie OMio will be similar to the Furor and 
Terror, and will carry tbe satite armament, but tha tonnag* wtU 
. beeomewhat greater, and she if to steam two kootB faetsr. 
Whvle rtGeiitbli"^ in appearance the de^ti-overa bitilt at Clyde- 
batik for the liriti^b Government, theee \eeeeU have eomft 
Dceei;sary modi lien tions in arruiigemenleand iUtiD({s, principallj 
with the vtewto making them suitable for 8ei\ice iu very hot 
olimalea. llis Eicellenoy Count Caaa \'alenciB, the rtpnnirii 
,'\m^>'>adoi', was preeent at tbe launch, and tbe I'brisieniDg 
oetemoDy was performed by hia two daughtexe, tbe Miiim 
Marie Teresa and Cunanolo Cnaa Valencia, 

Lovart.— On March 30th Slessre. Carnichliel, Maclean it Co^ 
lBiin<jh«d from theit shipbnilding yard, GreaDooL.-, for Measrs. 
Love, Stewart *Co., nt Glasgow and Bo nets, a etee] screw- 

steamer of l,Oo<i iposs, classed IDO Alat Lloyd's, and of the 
following diiiieneiana ;— Length between perpendicularB, 2S5It. ; 
breadth, 34 ft.; depth, raoalded. IC ft. Kin,; to carry l.£<}0 
tone deadweight, and is intended for the Baltiu coal and timber 
trade. The ceremooy of numing the veaael the Imt'it! was 
D«rfor(ned bj Mi&4 Stewart, daughter of One of tbe B.rm. 

Leap&nl.— Od Uarch 'iuth H M.S. torpedo-boat deatmyer 
LcbjinH was lflniD>iilied by the Naval Construction and Arms, 
meote Co. at Harrow, dbe ia tha fourth .tO-knol boat built at 
the same yard. 

La,Fj« Bay. —On March 23nd there waslanticbed Irom tha 

Dundee BbipbuildiDg Co,'e yard a ateam liite SshiDg boat, bailt 
to the order of the Bay Steam Fishing Co., Anairuther. She is 
]'J3 Cons groae.aud her dimensioea are as follows; — Length, 
1)5 [L ; breadth, i;> tt. Q in., and depth moulded, 10 ft 6 in, She 
La to be lltted with uompo'siid uarfnce-coDdesHog engines, t? 
kwionstruoted by MeMr*. Ccoper A Oreig She was cbristeped 

the LafffO B-<'i, 

LrfI; —On Tnesdny, March jgrd. there waa launched from 
the tiranton SbipbDild lug yarda finely- modelled wooden iteam 
line fishing veaaelbailt by Mr, A,Uarr, of Leiih and GruDton. to 
theorile^af Mr J Lewie, Aberdeen. Her djmeqaione are; — 
Length between perpend ion lata, !W ft. ; beank, 19 ft. S itia. ; uid 



32 



THE MAKIIJB ENGIKEEB. 



[April 1, 1897. 



htAd, 10' ft. 4 In. On leaving tbc WAyt she nrae nfttn&d the Lark 
by HisB tn& Lewia. ilao^hteiT of tlieowupr. Sba iatbe aeoond 
simiiaz vessel built bj Hr. Vur for the suae owaez. 



TBZAL TBIPS. 



BlAktA MuTi-— On Februiiry 23rd the large twin - screw 
Btumcr UaAata Ma.ni, 5,Hll tonB groae, went down tbe river 
*nd on the 25th rao her apAed iad CCH.1 dOnrmUiplion tciala. 
Dnriii^ tha two days the mudbiDer}' worked s.dmiir&blj', with- 
out the ■liieh'teBt hitch, and gBVp every Batiafiotion to the 
CWoerB' represcntativeH who wore on board, A mean speed of 
full}' 14 knote watt ea-silj obtained, and this beiog coDBiderably 
Av^r the guaranty Bp««d morfi than reatieed the an tiaipa lions 
of 'Owner-B and baildota, The Hahitu Marii is the aecon-d &te«mer 
built by MesarB. David And William Heod^rsioa *Co., PMtiak, 
for the Nippon Ynesn Kaisha of Tokio, through their reffe- 
BentativB in this country, air. A. R. Brown, Japancge Consnl, 
Glaeiion. Mokbtb. HendetBon have other three ataamera iif 
sLitiilftr BIT/B in tiaod for the Bsme onaers. 

LuidBDR.— Od Ftidaj, February 2Gtlt,liie BteelBorewBteamct- 
Landtima, coBstrucied At Cleveland Dockyarda of Sit Raylton 
Dixon & Co. ior Meaare. Elder, Dempator * Co., of HvBrpool. 
vae iftkoD out to sea for ber oflii;ial trial trip Qnder the cDiii- 
mand of Captain Clare. This veaeel has been builli under the 
•uporinteiideDct of Captaio Evana, and her prioaipal dlmen,. 
■iODij ar« 3^1 ft. bj 4-1 ft. by '.>« ft. moulded, and sho iBhuilt to 
Lloyd's higbeat clafts, apAt d«ck rule, «itb a. large deadwoiglil 
carrying capacity on a. light draught of water. Hhe ir; a ap&r 
deck it^amer with poop, bridpre and forccoatle decka. She is 
also Jitwd with aii steam winchea, and very complete diechatg- 
io^ j^ear. The aocomniodatioQ for captain, oSoera, and 
engioeetB Ib in house on bridge deck, with cre'W in topg'aJlant 
fotecistle. Triple- espaosio-n engipei! have been Jitted by 
Messre. The North Eastern Marine Engineering, Co, Limited, 
WallBend, having oylinders 2a in., 36 in.. 69 in. by 43 in. stroke, 
with two large boilors working at IfiO lbs. iirceaure. At the 
coDclaaion of the iriaJa, which were verv Hatiafaotory, tho 
veesel prooaeded to Bonlh WalcB to load lorBoalh America. 

Vlug. — Ott tlatch '2a3 the fine atoel «orew-stwner I'/uiy neat 
Oil ber trial trip. She has been bnilt by ilesBre. Wm, Gray A 
Co., Limited, lo the order of MesErs. Nielaen, Van Kolk & Co., ' 
ot AmsterdBin, Co Lloyd's higbeat cIi.ea.aDd ia ZJS. ft. In length 
by a* ft, in. breadth by 17 ft. 3 in. depth. The machinery 
hae been aoppliedbj the Central Marine'Enjrine Works of Wm. 
Gray & Co.. (Lo engines having -cvlindera 18 in., 2H^ in., anlf 
il{ ill., by 33 iiv, piston gttoke, mi3 the boiler beint; of largo 
Bi^a, capable of giving an Ampl« eiipplv of 6leA.ai si li.iO Ika, 
working presBare. The vessel has been superintended during 
oonHtrnction byC&ptiiiQ B. EliasBn and Mr. Tidemnn on bebalf 
of the owners. The S'iiiif nnderw^nit tbe usual aiaocriavriD^ in 
the bay for the tuating of her capabiiitioa. when everything 
ivns fouqd to work admiiBbly. and the veaae 1 at ones' proceeded 
to DujiBton-on-Tyne to taike in cargo. 

BlttePD.— On March Jth tbe new steanier Siltern, built to the 
order of the Cork Steamship Co., Limited, proceeded down tbe 
river on ber official trial trip, Amon^get those on board were 
Mr. K.eleon and Captain Horn,represeiitiaKtfaeCorkSleamBbip 
Co., Mf. W. B. Tbompe-JD. Mr. A, J. W, Reid, and Mr. Graot 
Barclay, of Caledon ahijiyard, and a nniuber of oth^A. The 
apeed attained by lh« veu«l was V2 knats an boor, bein){ one 
iLnd a half knotu in excess ol the gaaranteed B|)eod. Hr. 
Alexander M'Gaviu, lato steirard in the employment ot tbe 
D- P. A L. Shipbuilding Uo., purveyed an excelleiiii dinner, 
after which tbe usdbI toaata were h&artily pled(;ed. The liitUrn 
it to jail for Ghent, and is the seventh ateamer built by the 
Caledon Shipboilding Co., Liruitad, for the Cork StoamBhip 
Co. Her dimeoaioDS are:— 3£0ft. betweea perpendiculars by 
3'i ft. beam bj 16 ft. () ia. moulded depth, deadweight l,IDO 
toDB.inoIading bonkers, on a Ifi ft. 1 in. draaebi. Speed about 
tOi knota ladeiL. Height of 'tween decka, that is. poop and 
forecastle, 7 ft. ., cable measorement about 46,0(jO cubic ft. 
EDginee l!»ia, 31 in,, and SO in. by 33 in. gtroke ; boiler 15} ft. 
by 10 ft. & in., donki^y boiler, twg' G in. by 10 in, attain 
winches. 

VeroDB.— On March dib ttiiset«aiiier, whiofa was bnilt bj 
Ueaars. Short fiiotberai at StudciUad. to the order of 



tbe Veteua SteaMahip Co., Limitea, Glasvow, of whioh Masorv. 
Gow, Harriaon & Co are the msnagera, left the Wear on hw 
trial trip with very Bitiataotorv reaolta. The veaasl is of thft 
foUowintt dimenfiona, vi/,-— Length. 3.52ft.: breadth. 46 ft.; 
and depth ijioQldeO.Z7ft.9iQ.; wiih a deadweiftbt carrying 
capacity of about S,i!tOO tons, fjhe has been bnilt of steel ander 
tbe special Burv-ey of the Burvejars to the British Corporatioiii, 
and is conitmobed on the de^p-frame principle, tbae leaving 
the holds ol^r of obstructions. The boldeBre fonr in nnmber, 
with double derrioky at each hatchwuy. aleo two staam 
wiiinhes at each hatch for the rapid handling of oargoee'ln load- 
ing or diachart^ng. The ate&m for the winches is Enppli«d bv 
an except ionally large mnUitabnlar donkey boiler placed in the 
etookhold, Tbe steam ateeriuR gear is of the latest design, and 
ia plaoed at tho after end of sngine plitforDn, and Laving c<ia< 
trollinig rods from whetl-bonse oa fljio^ bridge. There ie also 
a powerful Bieam wLndlaBB with extra, larpe warping eiids oo 
forecaatle deck, right and left screw gear aft and all modern 
improvementa. The deok erections oonsial of full poop, long 
bridge amidahipB, and topKi^UanB fore-caetle. The accommoda. 
tton for captain and oAcera, &a., is fitted in largr and com- 
fooJioiis hotiBCB on bridge deok, the aaleon being liandscioely 
£ttcd in polished hai-iEwoodB, and all the berths fitted witb 
steam heaterf. Tbe Bivnita,ry arrangeinenta have received 
Bpeoial attention, a large tank being placed on deok witb 
ample snpply for llnabing purposea. The aeameu and firomeo 
are oamfDria.bly berthed in a very comoiodiaua topgallant 
forecastte. For the purpose of trimming the vesBel when light, 
the double hg-ttom, which ia on the deep-Qdor prinoiple, has been 
subdivided into six tnnks, ahtU the after-peftk is (tlso £Lte<j for 
water ballast. Tbv propelling machinery, which has boen 
supplied by Messrs. Thoma-a Richardson A Sona, Limited, of 
Hartlepool, coosiats of a aet of triple-ei pans ion englDOB. having 
cylinderB 24 in., 3!) Ln.. and 66 in. diameber and a stroke of 
45 ill., two large sing'le-BJidod steel bailers, fiorking at a pres- 
sure of ISOlba, per square inch, and fitted with HowdoQ'i 
ayateni of forc!ed draught. After adjusting the oompasseBr |b» 
vesael was taki/n a aeries dt reinc over the meaeiired mile, and a 
mean apaod uf 12 knote tobh obtained. The voBsel, which ia in 
command of Captaio MJiiison, afterwards proaeecied on her 
Toyage to America. Daring construction the vessel and enginss 
hsve been under the eupervision of Mr. George M'Farlane, ot 
Qlaegow, on behalf of the owncrd. 

Olaf.— On March ISth the fine steel screw steamer Ofet left 
tbe port far ber trial trip. She has been built by Meaara. 
William Uray <i' Co , Limited, to the order of Ur. L H. Carl, 
of Copenhageii, and talces Lloyd's highest dasa. She ia 290 fl. 
by :^Sl ft, 6 in. by 21 It, Qec eaginas are of the triple- expansion. 
type, built by (be Central Marine F.ogiae Works of WilUam 
Gray A Co. The cylindferfl are 21 in., 33 in,, and 56 i)f, in 
diameter, with 8(1 in. piaton atroks, etaam being generate in 
twi) large steel boilers working at a pressure of lEiu Iha, par 
siinare inch. There were present Mr. V. Hermanu and Mr. 
C. .\, Jorgensen on behalf of the ownerai Capt. A. V. 
Knndaen, dQperintendent to the Heindal Steamship Co., an-d 
Mr Jenkinx; Cs|>tain Mqrrell »iid Ur, Liudst^y repraaeniiag 
the builder^ of tbe ship and engifiioe respoctiTely, The wentber 
was very rou^rh. uhich canaed .aoBsidershle racing of thfr 
engines, but everything worked perfectly, and on the oori 
elusion of tbe trial tDe vesael went on to Snnderland to load. 

Rpllan Ctstle.— On March ICtb the R^i'jlan Co'tU, the Castle 
liner which was bnilt by Messrs. Barclay, Cgrle & Co.. had 
her trial trip. She is ■ screw atcamer of 4,330 tons ^oas, and. 
exeept that ahe is IB ft. longer, is praati(»lly a dnplioate of the 
IlunoUy Ccatle. Hsr dimensloasars : — Length. 397 ft . ; breadth. 
tG ft 3 in. ; and depth. 30 ft. She is :Gtted with machinery of 
about 2'i^i' H.P. (jf tbe moat improved t3*pe, on the triple- 
expansion principle. There will be acoooimodation for aboutSO 
paasecgers. "lim ves&Bl h bandBomdy ei^oipped. There is a 
dining-room panelled ib oak, a drawing -room, and a smoking- 
roonr), both prettily deci>rated. The vaseel, indeed, is repleia 
with all tbe conveiiieDcea ot a firat-class passenger ateamer. 
The run was between the Cloch sad the CaEnhraes. During 
thetrip tbe veafl«l reached a speeti of I3i knots, tier guaranleeS 
speed U 12^ liQoti<. The Naglun Catilt, whioh will be under the 
C(>tumatidof Captaifi Bryan, will pfobtihly »et out On tbe vOyftgft 
for South Africa on April 14th. 

Bftven. — On Wednesday. March 17th, tbe steam trawler 
fiiweu, baill by Sir Raylton Di.ion & Co., Cleveland Dockyards, 
Uiddlesbr^ugb, foe Uessrr. The Cleethorpea Steam Trawliii|[ 



I 

I 
I 



I 

h 

I 

II 

I 

4 



[pril 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



33 



I 



I 



Co., Limited, GrimBby, wt,n takaa ont to ua for bet offieUl 
tmla, under tha command of Captitin Bovall, Eex priDcipftl 
dimensioDB we:— Lenjith, 100 ft. 8 in.j'beBm, 20 ft. 6 in.; 
d»ptii, moulded, 11 ft. S in., \ai she haa been bulic to Llayd'i 
bighut class. Triple-eipaiiBian eagiDss have been liltecf by 
tile Ngrth - Sniflerci U&rioe EngineerLne Co., Limited, of fiim- 
derUad. the eylindere being 10 £« , 17A in., 30 in. by 21 in, 
>troke, u-ith a. iu-ge steel boiler, working st •iHO Iba. p^fiaore. 
Tba tmJI *nd miuibinery have been constrDoted nadar the 
ratwrriHion of Mr. B. B. Kenaiedy. ot Gitinaby. At tbe ooo< 
clnsion of tha trialB. whioh were liigfa]^ BstisFa^tory. tbe veasel 
prQc«edod to Grimaby. 

TIatM— Lately the n«w «teBiu trnwlcr fietur, of Gnmiby, 
taftibMD on h«r trial trip. She naa built to tb« Older of the 
Atlaa Steam Fishing Co.. of Crimaby. MesBre. Coohrane & 
Cooper, of Beverley, being tbe btiilder* of tbe bull, and MeBgrs. 
C. D. Bolmea & Co.. of Hutl. auppljiiig the m«.chiiierj. Tbe 
firtor baa been Uttgd wiLh eagines of Sr, N.H.F. SteamiDg 
dowa tbe M*er and oat to a^a, tho vesa^l'e speed and Magoing 
eapabititiee were tested, Ibe f*stilt Wng aeauribed aa Htis' 
factory to all coDoePned. 



InttltDtlon of Haval ApcbifGcti.— Suimner meetinge of 1997. 
—Mr. GeorRO Holmee, the georetary of the iDstitntion of Nival 
ArchilectB, lias ieaaed adrcalor to tbe menibere and afeiM-iaCee, 
ia the coarse of which ha eaye ; — " I am directed lo give yoa the 
fellDwioK informaCioD with reforenc^ to tho aummnr rDecbings 
llii»year:— Thi.» being tte tWth year of tbe reign of her Majesty 
Quo'Mi Victoria, ths oonnei] baijo anau^ed Chat the InetitntiOQ 
shall oaUbrale the event by holding aa LBterDaticnai CoDgr«sj of 
Naval Arcbiteota and SCariDS EDgin«erB at the Ljnf>erial Ibstitot^, 
London, in tbe ooursa of the Ciomini; aumtner. flia Hoyal 
Highness the Prinoe of Wales hiui graoiou.aly ooneented to act as 
honorary presideat of the oonuresB, and wiJI daliter tho speech 
of wetccioe on the opening day. latdcatione to take part in the 
cvDgresa boTe beeesent to the IfiDisteire of Marina of all the 
principal atari tjme poneraot the Trorld.totlie French AsBMiatlori 
Ta^D^qne MunCime, Ui the American .Society tii Naval Arcbitects 
and Uarine Kngineere, which are iastitatiane ksTing kjiadred 
objeets to Qup own. The holding of tbia groiit oobgroas, on snch 
a nniijTiq oPCBSion. will give tbe eiBmbera a Btttog opf^ortonity 
for welcoming to our Dountry the many IfiadfriendB from abroad 
whiy, d-aricg tbe lost trvo yetu-a, fasTe ehowD us aach marked 
btMpitsbty, and done so macb for the adTanceiDSot of tbe 
InBtittttioDi Tbe council know that they can rely with tbe 
ntnost eoD&deece on the jaemhera to support (kam by every 
meaiiA in tlneir rtovrer in doing li^nonr t9 their gucffte, A iaiiio 
aed rapresentatire reeeption eotntnifbee Ib in ogurae oE foraiBlioii, 
and the cotindl are glad to iafi^rm the mAniberB tlmt thej are 
rsoeiving every enooatagemfiDt from H.R.H. the Frinoa of 
Walea, tiom the OavercmeDt. the City of i^oodoD, as well as 
tkwn the BbipbaildJDg and ahiponning iotareits throntfhont. the 
ooantry. Toe exact date is not yet fised, bat tho meetings will 
probably take place early in July, and fnrCher inronnatioo will 
be «ei)( t« jQa as aoon a« poaaible." 

The keel of the battleship JViifoniiu has jtial been laid at tbe 
ITnion Iron Wochs, Ban FrsiiDiBco. The contract price is about 
3, CH)0,0(J0 dollars. Thora are two other warsbipe of the same 
>ue being conatiucted in Eaetern ehipyards, the .jf^afiiinid and 
Ti'sinia. Tbe epeoilio featarea and gcaeral dimeaeioas of tha 
fighters ftt^ '■ Length of load wuterlini^, 'MiH li. ; h^nai, extreme., 
72 ft. 2-6 in, t freeboard, forward la ft. in.; Lormal diaplae«- 
HMBl. 1I.,S25 tons: main draft for, the niormal diiiplaci mcnt, 
33 ft, fS til. ; I.H.P. 10,-000: eatimated speed, la knots per hour. 
15| normal coal snpply. 3D0 tons; totu btiuker enpply, 1.200 
lona. 

Aflti-l.ttritloB MetaJ— MesBra. Howard, Farrai- 4 Co., 
Jobanoaabarg, have bean appointed sole agents in the SodCh 
African Republic for the sale of this tnetai. 

InMltuta of Marine Engineers— At the annaal Keneial 
iqeeting of vhe loetitnta of Marine Engioeen, on March 12tfa, 
Mr, roitascna Flanaory, M.P„ was elected preaideut. Tho new 
pr«tident was forrneih' ebgiiiMf-asHieUnt to Sir Edward Reed, 
asdia wal3 known as a lecturer and r^kder at BoisotiHe esMcia- 
tlOMt Ha rspre«ent« in Parliament one of tbe divisions ot tbe 
Wast Bidiog of Yorkabire. 



[It «Hur it uniUrtt/md that, in fmng inirrliMt tit ^omtfumigaticnt 
under chit headiitf, ifs ife not in any vay fUdft oarttiDU ta the 
opinwfu pr*/rrrt4 thrrtin. Wt leiU taith pUaturt int»rt ta 

ItUert liktly U> beitejil <mr rtadatt, eithet from ihtir tnrrinw 
valve or « hting ealfulaUJ IB prmnott t*eh dii<MtnoTu at ictll 
»Hcit fatU vali^lt!* from tkrir teiaf iHr mull «/ yrattinl 
expttiettiit. — En. M. £.J 



LIQDID FUEL. 
To ihe Editor of Tbk Uabinb EneiMER. 

8rB,— In yooe leader on liquid fnel in the U^l iaene, I thislt 
the writer has contributed facte calealated to provoke defeat 
of his own Eirgcment. He gives ns Brat two cases where this 
form of fne! has attBioed a oorlain maaanre or ■ucceaa, viz., in 
Booth RuBHia. and on the. Ureat Eastern Kailnay, and if we 
eiamine these we know that there is a. auTplua of oil available 
which must be got rid of Bomehaiv in tho locutity uamcd. Tuj-n- 
iDgto the aecocd instance, it ia aoaaawerable thai tbe patent 
qneation haa everything to do with t\t<f adoptipn o^ the eygtem 
on this lice, the locomotive siiperinteDdeDt not baviag sa open 
mind on the stibjaet. 

Having bad, however, some knowled^ of the bnmrii^ of d) 
on land boilers and its rcjectton after trial, there is tbe primary 
canaiderstion that no .^reat -ijiiautity of the article is available 
for Borvice, even if it were of the calorific value claimed. Hence 
if a demand sprang up tbe price woold rapidly ritie, and thie is 
exactly what di<] occar in London vritbin my own knoTrledge. 
Bnt tbera are other nnd roore cogent ressens for it» failing 
praotioatly. The oil buroa fw a ^a» and ia too local ia its action 
to dinone its heat. We knew that it is oeceavarr to have a aelt- 
stanoe for it to play upon in the rmrnaoe, generally coke, in order 
fi obviate this diflicnlty ; and as au instanee of the trouble that 
may he thereby ocoasLoned in, a Lancashire boiler, 2H fi. by 7 ft., 
the pressure on the gangs dropped from dO Ibe. to ilO lbs. in lesB 
than lt> minntea when the etoker had hie attention itTawn away. 
The conaeqneDces of tbia might have been fo aerione that the 
upparatoH was itnmediately reoioved, dpi this ground alon*, 
though the economy obtaitod at the beginning of tbe experinent 
was much mora than nDlhhed by the rise in price n&mad. Other 
dra.wbac!ks fonnd were directly contrary to thoee stated by the 
writer. .Soot was abundant where the spray placed into the 
bailer, and so much was this so that when naed for ool; a neek 
continonaly a hard cake had formed on tbe dead plate abont one 
ineh thick, and this required a hammer and chisel to remove. 
II ia oaej to conceive, therefore, with this droae in tbe fud, 
cor [c?a ponding to clinker in coal, it woald be iTnpose>b1e to 
prevent the pl&tes of the boiler beeoining coated w itb thin bnt 
impenelmble lining of depusit, end thna the beat tnight Des>er 
r^aeh tha plates at all. Where, as in the case of locomotives, 
lime 18 permitled every day for a good overhauling of tho 
machine, depoaic can be wetchad, no doubt, but with marine 
boilers ihera is no Buofa opportunity. For rayarlf I certainly 
prefer the aolid mass of fnel en the gratr, which the writer of 
yonr article aoems t« deprecate. FroTided I get my air through 
thie maaa cfficientlj, 1 fail Ig see that I am at any disadvantagv 
over a spray of oi).— on tbe ootitrary, I have a bod j of fire that 
throws its incandeBcent rnyo in aU directions for the purpose 
required, vii., beating the ptat«B Give me, then, a good eoa) 
fire on a thoronghly oleaoed grate and plenty ot water on tha 
ateam side of my plates, and 1 know that, barring .BCcidentB, 
Dotbiog will go wrong. Tbe ooay stowage of oil in bunkers ia 
perhaps the only real claim in favour of )i<iaid fueli and on tbia 
point, It will bv remembered, we hnve abeolutely no knowledge 
whatever. Like other examplea ia the engineering world, trial* 
are wanted, and none liave yet been mAde of anv conaeqaeq^^ 
with oil on board ship. We do know that every preeaation baa 
to be taken on tank steamers ae regards the waste gaaev, and 
probably in tbe roogh-aDd-ready way that obtainB at ava, ersD 
in this porticnlar nlone, drswbai ks would saperveoe that only 
time would show, Anyhow. I huve endeavoared ti prove that 
the economy claiined for liqiiid fuel doee not obtain in practice,, 
and that majiy diawbaoLe bate been found from its oae, eipwi 
mentally, that malie it D«t altogether a likelj Iik^ii and a bleaeui. 
to these who risk it in larger Gelds. 

Toura faithfelly. 

Eunisnn. 



34 



THE JOtRnra ENGINEER. 



[April 1, 1897. 



^euieiue. 



', Wattr-Tube Itailtrf fvr Marint Parjmet. By L. B. Berbin. 

ATS period irben the coniiiiention at qiie«tioiig raUtiog tc 
vatrr-tobe boilcrp ii paiticularlj lutere&tiiig to all ntBrine 
raghievn, fbe appeuKoce- of a ataodaid irork on this entject 
fnrm tbt' able pen of M. Dtctio. tb» chief couatmctor 'dI' tbe 
French Nkt^, iv most opportune, acd the tallj r«<ogtiii,ed abititj 
bud high pasitinb i^f tbaatitliov ii a cc>n.i[)T(i(6 gukmntee of its 
valae. M. Bertin h&B snob eioeptioa&l cppDnunitieB for 
obtaJDitig autlicDilc official itfoTtnitcioii, which ia nnobtauiable by 
tbe ordinary writers on this subjeet, thitt the 8tat«meiit». data, 
bud rormQlii' eonlai nsd id liia book nisy be acrppbed with evrrj 
coQfideDOP. The auih^ir bBai3oG«iio 0111011 >n tticpnit loB^v&uoe 
tts aciance cl' n.ariiie engiDaeriog atd naTal &rDhiteat.tire (hat 
m »tAteDB«ct cf hia qualiQcabioo* as ua FEpert on the »ubji;ct of 
-frkt^r-tvb^ boilers ap^ kindred mnticratoaj' be r«gaide4«H ^^>laB■ 
what aupeiHBixu. M. Bertin wab for n long tiina thd pt-incipol 
lecturer Rt the Fraocb School of Naval EngineeTlng, andbeaidea 
being tha Chief ConatpOBtOr at tha French AdmirBltv, is Bleu 
tbe author of an impartani treatise on the CnitC'd States Navy, 
bendea a itnndnrd woik on the rolling of ahipa on nou-ijncbtoD- 
cca KBTCB. The prcseat wogk ie an epjicmo of hia jeatnma and 
writtD^ on boLlera and engines, and in e moat comprebeuaive 
anncoaij g>f the Turiouj points toiictied apon. It brara the stum}) 

of bein-g tj!« up-to-date experience t)i'oii« w«U vera^d oQk aa\j 
id thd fiirelj tbsuretic&l aide ^f the queHtioD, but What ia Tar 
toora iBjportaat from a miriM enpmeo-t'a point of view, in the 
noittec&iLt practical ('XperieDeegatneiii in tha French Narj. M.. 
Bertu'i hooi deals almost wholly with raanltfl actoallj oblaioed 
in the French NaTy, ttud b#re we think he ia viae, sa he-conld 
naturallj not ap«ak nitb the aame wsight and aotborit; as to 
rcaulta obtained in oar oira and olht^ loieign nariea where he has 
not the tfiiree to flcet-hajid iafartnation aa ha baa at the Frtnoh 
Adniiralt^ French «DgiQ««r^, »S ia well kuowr, bB»e de>^)ted 
tp«cial atteotioTk to w&ter-tiib« boilna (or eoin« j^^ra pa«t, aiid 
have to a great extent beeii (be piontan in tbia dirMtioB, as 
etiuced b;r the fact (hat the Britiab Navy have largely adopted 
ihe BellsYiUs boilar for heavier work, and the Nurniand bailer 
for the Ijgbter claaa of bigbapeed work. In a moatoletix and 
cot^jdstent ronuiiei' M. Bertin has divided bis book into (oar 
ie;:ai«te lieadiag*. 10 wbiob be bai prefixed an inlrodiiction ol* 
Bonv» titree ohaptera dealing iviili the usually accepted laws 
reUtiog to the mv of ttsam »t Ka. 

P&jt i. ooDtaiDa a chuptfr dd ooal flriDg*, mth lengthy aectinns 
dealiag; with natova! b»d forMd draught, drBcript-iooBof Toriona 
grates and tbe oianaijement of flrep. Another rhapler on liqi id 
cr oil fuel, and a third on iuternel corrotiDa, and the dangers 
of greaae in feed water, ecc. 

I*arC ii, treats uith the cotiBtraotion, in great detail, cf 
-Qidinary or Scotch cylindrjcat ttoilera and looomotiTeboilere, with 
KctiODB OQ atayiog^, joiutin^, and tubing, and tba Tario us types 
fit hrnace tjqei ic general aev. 

Part iii. ia wholly tskea np with the deacriptiotj of umrly sll 
th* knoim tjpita of water-lobe boilers, and in onr cpinioo ia 
eertaitily the moat veUable aection of the took, ai it coctait^s 
dale and detaita whioh we think are entLreiy new, and coincide 
with recent practice. 

Fart i». b deToiod to botlev monnlinge, fwdhtattis. rapo- 
ratoiF, safely i«Wei, hydroluoeiara, aad in fact every scccsaorr 
tunally foiiDd in modera ships 

The woik is moat liberally Lllualrated witb viewp tied ge<'tioiia 
.cf great merit, ard which cleeily a bit w the sulhor'a menniDff. 
AJthongh the apace at onr dispnea! ia not aaffioienC lodiia) aa 
exhaustiTsly with the vsriaus aeotioos of the book as wo conld 
wish, still perbapi a little deiai! will more clearly show its 
clsimB to be placed oa oat Bhelrefl ns a standard work of refer- 
CECe. lathe tirat chapter of the inlroduclioa H. Baittlu deals 
with the important qaeBtioo of coal consamption and radina 
of notion, and giTea a tablo of great value, showing the r^o- 
efficleoto, U-P., and displacement of fpTeral ship-s recently tried 
in the Freech Nary. M. Becbin also aUudea toour pra.ettoe in 
ilia oenniry ol nveasaring the eTapontioe by the atanderd trcta 
and at 218 deg, Fahr. Thia, ha remiirls, U not always aociiral*. 
aa DO ao4^onnt ia laben of the dlryDMe of the staam. and be pre- 
fer their method of nioaenriiig by tbe qnatitity of coal coninmed 
per H.P. ptr honr- The regnlarit j of firing lo obtttin fxruiA 
reeulte on oonsBinptian trials, is, it) his opinion, a matter that 
ia ^>t tv b« overlooked, or At leuh whose importsDoe ia otten 



qnden'ated, and M. Beitia advisca legulat firiog with itated 
qbsDtilies ai leeular intervals aa ^eirg neveeaaiTj to the aeccea* 
of ecoDomical SriEg. BDd adds some remarka on the iaSueni^e of 
the length of the trial on the retnlts. lie bIbo ^iths » ehort 
Bccocnt of the introdnclion of boilers and their sobeequent 
derelopmeiit. with tbe reosooe which hare pioduced the preeeat 
impi'DTeinents. Tbe third chapter toodiee upon the VBiioa* 
types of eneiaeg nEed in ebipB of wnr, In tbe cbapter on coal 
£ripk;. ^'C.i U. Bcitin giv«s the recult of t^ale to detecmini) the 
CKloriGc vfjuea of vatidii^ «oala atid the reaecna which led the 
Fiencb Navy to discard Kngliah eoaJ and cdopl the briquette. 
The section on Dfitnral draft ia very (complete, and conthitta a 
table of the varioua speeds and tetnperatarea of the gases from 
tbe ftiruace to tbe aptake. Forced diaoght is repxeaeiiled by 
deBE^riptions- of many different types, botli Unglieh and Fienco, 
and thareBolle latoly obtained by M. Nannand on thE: I'arho" art 
givtn in detail. Tbe chapter ou liqoid (f^^ firing ie eoiu- 
pBrBtivel; aehort one, altboDgb eomaiiiiiig deacriptiona of aosfae 
of the older Bjflteroa tried; but we caonot delp thinking that 
M Gerlin has reaerved himeelf on thia moat important point, as 
no doubt the oil Uriog of narahipe ia the next important atep iiT 
the near future, and we know that aome tnoat eitraotdinary r»> 
Bulte have qoite recently been obt&ined in Franca in this 
direction. 

Chapter vi. takes up the theory of the production of heat and. 
it« tranamUaton to tbe boiler ivter ia the moat adTontagepus 
inanoer, and «o>ne inlereet^ni; Ggorea' are gireu reUtiog to the 
losses by rudiatioii. 

The ijecciOD on intei na) corroHion. ia important, as it givfS the 
means adopted in the IKrencb Navy for overcoiiiinK this dlHi- 
(!nlty to some eitent, and thereby prolonging the life of tubnloas 
boilers. 

Chapter riii. denls fully with oyliadtical .boilcfs, bath siogU 
and double-ended, and this aeottoD coataioBan intere^og phoio- 
graph of u pair of tuiaaae crowns In tie fJ'("(/;y«pi'(, which 
Callap^ed right dowD oti top of tbe bars, spparently withflDt 
actnnl I'rnoture. Thia eeotioo, however, conCaina a great pro- 
portion of inroraiation which ia oeoeeaarily familiar to Ettjliah 
readers, aa their eiperienee of tlieoylindriL'iil mariite boiler is uo 
doubt jieonliar and eitenaive- The apaea allotted to tba 00a. 
HideratioD of loco type boilers iB occupied by atscetnents as to 
Ibe teaBoni :for their adoptiooi which are ftitly diacoBBed. M 
BertiQ ulao contributes the reiulta obtained from some eiperi* 
meets mad I.' with n loooiioiive on the Paris-Lyon Bailway, to 
deterEDioe tho oftect oF th^a Length of tube od thejr c^^ienoT ai 
heating sarface, whiob are moat valuable. Aa we b^tfe already 
stated, tbe aeetbn cl M. Bertin'a bosk that be devotes to watet- 
tobe boilers ia certainly tbe most valmable portion, and veil 
worthy the oarefol study of marine enginuera. .All the beat- 
known types are dealt with 3.Bd illustrated, and many of the 
leuer known typen fled a place in this moat iinique collection'-' 
tbe fatit thjvt there are conaiderBbty over aeveoty illuaticiLiona in 
this section of the bo'^'k elonv pviatf tu ill intereet and impor- 
tance, A beginn'cg i» insdo with tbe well kncwn BellBville 

boiler, uiid ita biatory end pri^jf^reas ia trat'pd from the firat trials 

of the original boiler, cctistrooted in 1856, up to the presaat 
time. Waot of space alone prsdudes us from touching oa eome 
of the onrior.a types deaeiibed. but t bey are one and all dealt 
with inipartiaLly. and tbeir faults and good points oaud idly and 
lucidly diacnsaed. 'the natLor giree at eome length the reasons 
iD^uencliig the French Admiralty to discBid the I^'Allest boiler 
in favour of tbe I'oiiiiB.ud-8igaudy type for UBe in Bocie of theil 
largest craiaers. M. BertiQ haa aet splLrt a whole chapter let ib« 
a]l-!nip«itact qae«tiofi of circulation, and eiplHine tbe theoty 
and the formation of steam bubbles, and their elfect oacoIoniBia 
o( water passing through tubea of various diameters. 

The C[ueetioD of the advantagea and olherwiae of water-tuba 
boilers ia gone into at some letiglh. aa also the price and life at 
variona types. Tbe tables given on these important poiolt, 
togetbrr with the weights per H.P., apaoe occnpiad, lic, Sire 
most vwlonble. 

Tbe pDnotgding ^^etiun of the bpek, dealing witb boihir 
mdtiuiinjs and aceessorics. isT«ry M»mpUte,aiid eubraeee lypea 
of nil ttie fittings that can be foond in the engine-roMce of 
modtrn warahipe, and upon the efflcieneyof whteh so much of 
tihe sacueaa t^f ttie boilers depetid. and which occupy sij mach Of 
the atteotian of tbe otticera in charge. 

Altljotjch uifLny of the littiDgB described Dre at present only 
for tuhulone boilera, no doubt (bey or their eqnivalenta wiU in 
time be used for general marine putpoMa. 



r 



I 

I 
I 



April 1, 1897.] 



THK MAfilNE ENGINEER. 



35 



From safely nlTM lud uutomstic Uedg to Ash Hboota, nud 
trcm air pumps and Teed henMrfl to gmge prvt^ctora, ire find 
tlism all eihaaativBl; breatcd, and nltbougEi some b^il from chia 
udp of the Chatmel, newttliBleea irti ooofiileiillf draw our 
rradera' atteDtion to M. Bertin't remarke tliere«ii. We miiat 
Uke this apportnniLj to eiprece o-ur thanks tg tW antbor tot- bis 
*b1e ftpdl ^vbaaplivo i>c>tli^ on jnarlne boilere, whicti is eqnallj- 
raluBbl^ botih. tv tliA profeMOf of eaglDeeriiig nnd to tbe eea. 
icatbK AUgiDdar. Altln^iigb tbe book ii at pr^Bentin tbe ot-iginal 
Frencb, still -wo Hre certbin tbal fluch a alandiiTd i*ovk will b« 
efficiently tranilftled vithout delay, and have tbe oirculation it 



I 



I 

* 

I 



W:e fa4T« nxxived tioia the United States MetBlli<! Paeltiing 
Co., <■( Sohe Work", Bradicrd, a onlandar with a Tflrj handaome 
■tMl engraring of a racing oatter yaoht, Tbe deaif^ and 
ecarqtion ct tkia pictarn are admirable, and are. n-c veiy muoli 
fMr. atipaiior t« anything whiob m producible, at laaat at com- 
mercial prices, in thii uiantry. Tbe caleodar also girfB BOOie 
infortnatioD aa ta the prodnctioinB of tb« &nn, aad lu to tbo 
etteut to- ntiiob these bave bean adopted bj tbe pabliiv' We 
bare, bowevQi', alM> receivod froiQ tb« tra-Pipaiiy two little 
paaipblQtH oontainiog a iiet of a vary large nDtnbaF- e( firma iH 
arery part ot the oonntrj, and Of very many and vitj iaapoftast 
•teeTnahipa of srery important nation, and of every Icifid ■ol 
oooapatioD. which use this psc^king. Oca pampblet la devoted to 
tcatiin 0111 ale, and thcae ara of a very convincing oharactt«r. It 
appaara tiiat there ar-e maay instances of tbii packing bsTing 
iMbed a period o( Ibartoep years, aod yat caatiQuing to do good 
service. Now that the preeaiirae iu oomDion use bave lisen eo 
higb^ and are still coartantly tending tatvarda bigbcir levels, ibe 
valae of a good Bteam packing CB>nnot be over-eati mated. And 
on tbi4 aoaodnt a paolkiitj; whitib is adapted for preMureaup to 
three hand FNi pounds wiii b« welootne to thoee wbo do not lenoiv 
at the United States Co.'i iipeCLalitr. We mtiy also meatioD 
that tbe cotnpany hne nnottier ae^fot invention. Tbift ia the 
BradTord Portable Pokpc Drill and ii«ani«r, nbiob is adapted to 
■are l»baar withoat being: CTUubenone or unvieldy. It baa tbe 
advantage too of being capable of nae by any iatelli^ent 
eoipiicera, even irthey bavo had ao previinis ezperieoce ip its use, 
and it baa fj^aently prt-ved its v^ue in th^ makia^ gnod «f 

braakdowDB and of otherivieo enQhlinp tha permabCbi angineotlrig 

M«lf la avoid delay, and ho save the eKpease of calliog in otitaide 
•MtMaaee. 



litetra F-'l'jglirt Qiiidi ta the Matitie Sng'iM. Sanderland : Thoi. 
Reed tt Co. 
Tbi^ ia as ^sveedingly uB^fcl bp»k. It Ao^9 fgr tbe mariDe 
engine id detail what Paa^b's buok does for the vessi^l iq 
f{«ikBT«l. But wh«r«ag " Kac^l to Truok" deals -with thi«a 
lan^ages, tbe present volnsie gives n« anotber. Etigliib, 
SVciuih and German ore. of coarae, inoladad, and. in view of tbe 
large inerenaa in the Norwegian tnsroantlte marino and tbe 
large nambec of NDrwt^auB in ships under tbe Briti«h llag, it 
waa a hnpp; thought of Mr. Read'a to add NorSe to the other 
thzee. The varioua parla of the raadern Qnarine engine and 
boUsi ar9 woU illnstrated heiD) and tb« drawings ace nunbati^. 
Tq tbeee aunibers will be foQnd in thfrteit tbo appropriale name 
in each of tbe four langnagQS. Thns thoie who are at a loss 4gf 
the English nama iLre not debarred (roni osiog the book, and they 
may at ths ssme time learn bow a pnrt Ir called m Eui^liah 
Knd in tbree athi>T important langnagea as well. It«ferenciii is 
mnile ea^ by dividing the work into Becliona no that lbs parts 
afthe boiler, thn tiiple-expanaioo engine and the paddle eugiua 
an HSOb grouped together, whilst a separate aection deals witb 
the worda of command, tbe signals of tbe telegrapb and the 

nAinffv of (lie eagin-e-roooi storey and t^K^la- Id addit-ioa to thia 

Utere ia n neftarate iodiei to Cci'dH hr each 'if the foui' Ubgiuti^H. 
An appendix givea it1uKtratiuni< of tbe vnriaiis typea of abipa 
on* {wevailin^f, asd also ullordfl muob inforiDatian an to tbe 
«et)i!;I« and ineA«urea of tbe countries undei diaouirion. Wa 
ututaratnnd that much trouble baa bean taiken to ae^care accuracy, 
(Uid M far Mt we are able tu chaolc it. the reault \t. aatisfactory. 
&itt wa are not Btodents of Norwegian, and we cannot therefore 
wtitra to Giiticiee that purt at tbe book. We rO'COgniKB, how- 
•VM*. U)*l the idea in n go«d cue. and that it lia« beeii wpII 

WO«%e<l put, nnd we are coiL&clent that Clie book will be naefol 

kltks to ibipbuildnrt, shipowners and maiMoe engioeera. 



Tablet for Com'rm Ung Shipt' Linei. By Archi'bald Hogg, ^aval 
Arohiteol. Newoaalle on Tyne. 1896. 
Vfr. have roceived fmm ^r, flogg — who isbis own publisher'- 
a copy ot h)B^ tables (or the drawing of ships' lines. Theee are 
uoDveui-ently publislied in book hna nnd are nccotcpanicd b} fnll 
and precise instruotioDB for me, They have the recommendation 

of being worked ant by a. practicaE man and of baviv^ tome the 

ti-st of experience in his iietti office before they batA been (rfffred 
to the Dttblio. They claim to bo a ready method of couatroctiog 
ii ship's line plan ao as at ouoe to eixam the required diBplaee- 
ment and the longitodinalpoaitioDol'tbe centre of baoy sncy.aed 
that withoBt tyiti^ the naval architect who makei use of t base 
tables I'D any partieolar carves. He can make tbe inid.areai at 
fall or SB fine as bit object in any particular case may malce 
desirable. The Knthor finds that a rQQgh body plan Con be drawn 
out by use of these tiibles in aniii^ twanty minnte4 and that from 
thi« tbe deck.plana and i^uantitieft ^f tbe propaaed ahip can 
nfter^Vltrds be woTli«d oat, Tbe advantage af a ayitem which 
saves time is in these days in need of no outside recomniendatiiui 
and the advanta^ of tbe present aid to deii^fning will speak for 
itaelf to (hoaci whn examine it. 



Recent appUftatlona for Patents eonnected with 
Marine Engineering, Ship Constrnction and 
Mechanical Appliajioes for use in Ships, fVom 

January l9th to February 9th. ]897. 

1304 8. Atloook (A. HintEo, Finland). Tackle for fjahinf. 

t41B J. NeiJ. fiooking and diimpini^ fnmace eraiee. 

1439 A- and P. H. Fochin, and H. Addiwu. Clalcbee. 

li^'i p. Tydemao. Do.i:Iib. 

1194' S. and 6. R. Chatwood. Superheating steam. 

151 j C. I. Thorn. Furnace. 

15^8 E. G. Taitt. Signalling ahips. 

15hi S. A. Johnson. Sl^aui ^aerator. 

1630 K. B. Smith. Wrancbce. 

ICAQ C. 4J. Dnnn. Hooks tor c^ranes. 

16SS W. S'. Simpson. Bow-locka (or boats. 

1677 L, 2obel, Water-tube boilers. 

IHhS E. Tbunderbolt. H?gii1a.ting the speed o( motof poner 

engines. 

1G88 M. (Jledhill. Forging armour plateif. 

IHtfS G. FletDhsT. Water-tube boilers. 

1S99 T. Bnirawe Utilising tbe power of sea waveB 

17?S T. Wilaon. Disengaging boat eapports. 

17(ii A, Berry. Keeping water in boilers level. 

1775 J. A. Towler. Valve gear for pumjiing engines. 

179i> ti. J. Ajling, Boat propnleion by band, 

1x08 W, and A. R. Crawford. Cloaing lfalkhe*d doors. 

l-^O*! A. Adams and H. W, Hill- H&iler fumaoeB, 

18U G. Smith. Ships' eide light. 

1S44 J. Sehflbore. Smoke consuming furnuceB. 

IMT B. and A, W. BeoDrie. Furnace bars. 

1SG9 A. OornoB, Bujrioos, 

IB'50 Q, Treupet. CompaHaos. 

Ib'DT O. J. Ayling. Scrgw propellers. 

l&li E, G. Srewer (Tohiiin Rffendi and T. 0. Ttioker, Turkwl. 

Slide valve gear. 

197* T, Wudd. Fio(,-«ank engiopB. 

19MI1 V, -Volff and T. W- Ballard. Jonnial beaFingt. 

1982 G,.l. Ayling. Propellers. 

!U93 A.J Boulb (J. Earlsaon and 0. V. lilnoqviat, Sweden), 

Ships' lugs, 

1^J6 T. and W. L. Cole. Kefrutating marine enginea. 

2V'i^ .7. and A. Kvani. Shipa' anobora 

208rt H,. Aitken. Bogine gviernors. 

■JOfifi W. Ohattoway abd C, H. atid P. J, D*!e. Hteam 

f^ner«.t«r. 

207H A. Y. Small. Anti-friction baarinM. 

ZffC W. Hayes. Valves. 

::102 J. Marphy at^d T. S. Allden. Steam engines. 

211:! W. R. Wauii. Engines 

213't P. >'. Blonc (T. S. Crane, United States). CsTilHng 

pkt«|. 

S12U T. J. Tretidder. Heatiae annoiir plates. 

31&3 3. S. HaJDBworth. Oar bladea, 

2ISB W.B. Berry. Water-tnbo boiler. 



35 



THE MAitlNE ENGINEER. 



[April 1, 1897. 



a2S7 
3366 
2857 
22S8 

n66 
SS67 

satxi 

3317 

S31B 

sa46 

SS83 
»bl3 
24S9 
2S4S 

2C»6 
3616 
2691 

sdse 

S63» 

S63LI 
2fi"9 
5703 
■2714 
27« 

^7^7 

3788 

seao 

■8947 

J86fi 

2^71 
2873 

2808 
20 IS 

2(»37 

29133 
29«4 
498ff 
3016 

ai>37 
30M 
3030 
$04& 
804 ."> 

Stmt 

3100 
9129 



J Boll. OLticr barard fardcep-B«s fisbitit;. 

J". B. HiMQLimBnD. Scrsn prop«llecB. 

S. J Kpbinapn ani S. Poft), FprvQ«9 CM Htif action. 

W. Br«y_ CturU. 

T. It. Mftfshall, H. T. Hapier, UiS S. Alley, Purifying 

food watar. 
J. D. Mqttb^p and J. AlstoEi. Feed sppai'ntas. 
G. Ooett. Dir«<il tJirnst ehip'B |)rop«1ler. 
J. and C. Richardaoli. Bi:]tai7 BCiaam enginea. 
W. Brcithorg. i?teaiii boiler fumaacs. 
J. Ciookie, Pro-pelliog ahipa. 

0. A. Uinierwood at>d Q. F. W. Short. S3gn»"'''8*t«f - 

B. i^rvWDp Au.tO'mftliO r»?od'W&t$r ro^mtoT- 

G. R. BrB^e. Steenng gMir forveauU- 

1. Crair, Plate- bun ding nitiGhines.. 
W. D. Crabb ValTe. 

C. S. ForbsB. Wnter gaoijea. 

L. Gatb<<linoii- RenewinK eogioB piitoHB- 

S. Lake. Sobmariiie iresMlsi ' 

W, JoiieB. ValTCB. 

0. H. Langlej'. Audi*™. 

J. C. IE. Otefl and A. Stabb». St«auL trh^s. 

J. SuDitU. Packing I'or piston [Mdfl. 

S- ond B. R. CbittwocKl. 8op(>rbBittiDg staaBi, 

W. E. Siiii[>90i]. iDlemul MJtiibiistiat) enftioes. 

T-DfUDimtind. (_o»l& and loutilntori. 

H. WorkinaD. Uoilers. 

P. Ij. Ilorapoo! Pumaco dooiB. 

E. Tesior. Serew-pmpeller. 

H. H. Luke. (G. W. Uiywn, Cuited Btates). Stoppioff 

J, V, Pst^raon. Ship*. 

W. 0. Hey^J. (SthaSot and Eudonberg, Qermatij,) 

Vnlve». 
T. PrJake, Ascerl^uing dranght of wnter of ihipB. 
8. GreaawBiU. Propelling ships, 
J. Gore. Sleam boilers. 

J. W, SpeBcer. Armniir. plates and project! Iro, 
W. lADg<toD-l>a.T)ea. Alter&btint; carr«iite. 
T. Eimnieraiid J. W. ^r^ny- Our* ^ad iHalU, 
BMe, DowiiB, and Tbnmp«OB, Limited, &tid J. II. H^ip- 

wood. Water-tube boilert . 
J. K. Booker. Corrtigab«d Buee. 
J.K. Lang, FalTo. 
J. Bromilow Sighi.-feB(l Inbricaton. 
T. aad G. WiltoD. Forced dmught fnmMiee. 
P. J. Clibhorn. Sftring life ot aee. 
J. U. Von Weuuccb. BeinoTiufiC aehte from builcr 

Sir C S Forbes, Bert;, CA^deDeet-s. 

Sir 0. 8. Forbeii, [I..n. £tearn boilen. 

P. D. d« la Grue. Stcntn gt^n^rntora, 

S. FosMr HCid A. Beragford. Pnjpellore. 

K. Bftird. Liners Tor framing of Jbipn. 

J. Gatlpnby. CranUa. 

G. Wiltan. Eni^iiieB, 

G. E. L. Eiliott, (G. SmithrNalnl.] 6t«ppiiig i^ot bpUa 

ID ibipB. 
J. 9. Uanoctb. Et«ani icobdftiflkg' amngementB. 
W. Pbitj. FnnEelB. 
T. Twigden. Screw propallera. 
H. A. Dcdj^eon. FunneU. 
B. A.. St»»rt. Propolliitg bcs&ts. 
T. EuKliBh. Kauticftl course finder. 
J. B. Ein£. lodiciitiiiK mo-iicaB ot abips. 
W. K. Flommer, 3Ielallk piLckiogs- 
W, H. Gladding. Boat B?«t padB imd wata. 



BOARD OF TRAt>E EXAMINATIONS. 



Hots.— 10 denotes Firet CIbh ; SC, Becood CliRr. 



FebroBcy 27lli, 18S7. 

AlexBiider D,B. IC .Xberdeea 

Beat, J D IC y'nd'lttnd 

Bridge, George . ICL nd'ndry 



Brnnton, R IC S'nd'land 

Baniieti.TbomnBlC Liverpool 

Coldwell.C 20 London 

Cftiouris, T -20 Afrerieeo 

CruieliHbaDk J. 30 



Guthiicrt, G. B 'iC hoadoa 
pBw, H. M. W. 2C .. 

Eider.J. lOB'ftd'lBnd 

ForbcB, J. T. . . 10 LondoB 
FoBter, O. . . . . IC S'nd'lBod 

Gatt,F, T 10 

Grave, John C. . 2L" Liverpool 

Gtmh. G. F IC S'nd'land 

QreeoBbleldB, A. IC ,, 
HeroD, A. J. . , QC Liverpool 

Hibbett, B 10 N.ShieldB 

Hodigkiason. L. IC Livctpacrl 
Hunter, J. Y. . . 2C Aberdeen 
JohQBtone.r. G. IC B'nd'land 

Kdlj.A. E 20 

Kerr, C. E IC M abielda 

Len-JQ, Tbpmit,B !!C Liverpool 
Mhcdouald, J... aC „ 
MRcdonald, W. . IC 

Mann.W ICM.SbieldB 

Mannell. F. H.. . 20 Aberdeen 
Meyor.EmestW- 10 Liverpool 

MoBliey, G IC S'nd'laod 

Paisley. R SC Aberd««i 

PrieBtly, P 2C S'od'laiid 

Reid, A. 20 Aberdeen 

RoB«, G.M IC 

Salheld, E. R.. IC N.Shieldu 
Sawdcn. H. F. 2C London 
Simpeon W , . IC Aberdeen 
Smith. J. R. . . 10 London 
riinytb, Henry 2L.' Cork 
Temple, S J. . . 2C Londen 
Tnlly, 0. J. .... 3C S'nd'land 
Tnlly. W. B. . , IC 

Watlaoe.J IC N.Shields 

Warren. E. 0. . . IC London 
Wbitefieid, W. . 20 Aberdeen 

Willis, G 20 N.Sbiald-B 

WiflhaK, J SO Aberdeen 

March (1th, IS't?. 
AliMn, A. McG. aC I«ith 

Allan. J, C 2C Claagow 

Ambrose, ThFiB, 2C Liverpool 
Ajidrcsa, W. .. ICN.Shielda 
H»nflll. A.J. .. 2C Cardiff 

Bell. D. S 2C Glasgow 

I3ell. F IC Leith 

Biroh, A. K...., BO Cardiff 

IlrowTi. J 2C N-Shieldfi 

Butterfield, W. 2C London 
Cootoer, J- R „ IC KSbiolda 

Corbitt, J ac 

Cramnian, K. .. IC 
Crawford. D. ., 2C Glasgow 
CumniioiKi Ji -- IC ,. 
Du.nlop,2I. B... K' LoadoD 
P:iirwefclher. A, IC Greeooek. 
HsadeTson.R... 2C Leith 

Hard. W 10 N.Shielda 

Himt«r. P SDGIaBgow 

lIuatei,M'D'n'ldlC Liverpool 
Jenniaoj], W. B. 20 N.Shielda 
.Johneton, 8. .. ICtilaEgow 
Jop<>p. Hiigh II. iC Liverpool 

Liiog, J 10 N.Bhield» 

LOigie, G iCLeitb 

MacDoogall, A. lO Greanaok 
Malvor. B. R . . IC London 

nfcLeBn.H 2r Olasgow 

MUIm.A 2C 

Nicol, J.B ICLeitb 

O'Fallon, Win. IC Liverpool 
Palmer, J.J. .. 10 N.Siielda 
Porter, H. W. .. 2C Cardiff 
.Samuel. J. A. .. IC N'.Sliielda 
Bimpeon, Q. .. 2C GlnBgow 
Taylor, A. G. .. aCN.&hieliB 

Tbomas, L IC (?atdifl 

■Walher, M. 0.. 'JO GlsPgow 



Williama. D. .. 2C Cardiff 
Young, J .,,,.. ICGUsgow 

Marcli 13th, 1897. 
Adams, Philip 3C Liverpool 

AllBopp. G . ICHntl 

Angaa. F 2C K.fhielda 

Britton. W. L. 20 Hall 
Camdofi, W, . . 2C DobUfi 
CUrenoe, F. L. IC N fthieldl 
CletuenU. P. ,. IC London 

Daniel, J 20 N. Shield* 

Davison. R. ... IC London 

Deltv, C 20 „ 

Driver. W. A. .. 2C K.Bbielda 
PbiiIoP,C. E, .. 2C Ljveipool 
EUiolt, R G. . . IC Hull 
Goiilding, S. O. ]C Liverpool 

Hall, W, L IC London 

MoUann. Jceepli 2C liiverpool 

Moore, "VV IC N.ShieldB 

Uastett, G. W. IC ., 

Oeborn, P 2C 

Page. James li, IC Liverpool 

Rioe, W. G SCS'hum'ton 

Slepto, D -IC London 

Tajlor, M. . . 2C DubLm 
Turahnll, John ao Liverpool 
Walker. T 2C London 

Mutoh 20th, 18U7, 
ArmalrOnE, J. , 'JCW.H'pOoI 
Batohelor, G. H. IC London 
Bi&rlow. John . . 2C Livsrpool 
Calavroaaes. D. 'IC CirdiR 
ChapmBD. J. D. IC Uliugow 

Couch. W 20 Cardiff 

DiwROn, J. U... 10 Glne^gow 
D«b»«n, T, S.„ 3U Cardiff 

Dodds.M aCN.Kiiield* 

Eaiinivol, A. .. ac Liverpool 
Forbee, A. G... 2C 

Fraaer, J 20 QUagow 

OrahaiDt F 20 London 

Kaar. T. L 20 

Hanan.J.O. ,, IPW.H'i-OOl 
Ufcwkfi, J.N. .. IC London 
Jftrdine, W. G, . . 5IC Glasgow 

.Tones, J 2C N.&bicldB 

Lawrence, II. P. 2C London 

Liula, R iON Shields 

?[iinM,.G. K. ., 2C Dundee 
Mftrpbant, W. J. 10 London 
Martin. J P. ,. 10 Cardiff 
Martin, B. L. . . 20 GliiBgair 
McTntyra, H. .. 20 
Mitchell. C. E. 10 London 

Morton, J ".iC Glaagow 

Morton, Robert IC Liverpool 
Newbold, W. ,, 20 N,Sb4eldfl 

Ncble, H IC W H'poal 

ODonnell.C. .. 20 Liverpool 
reacock, H. II. IC London 
Power, F B, .. 2C Cardiff 

Bioe. W. G 2C London 

RioliardBon. J 1 Gardiff 
Hi cb aid sou, Hie I 20 Lis'erpool 

Scott, D. 2C W H'poftl 

Sbankland, J.. . 20 N.SbieJds 

Sharp, A 10 Dundee 

Slater, B 2C N.Shields 

Bpance, 9 10 Dnndae 

Steel:, Michael.. 10 Liverpool 

^tober.M 20 Glasgow 

BuUivsn, J lCN.ebio:dB 

eiuttoti, W, G... 20 London 
Ihompaon. T. J. 2C W.ll'pool 
ThoniBoa, tt. .. IC GlaBjEow 
Tucker, A. J, . . 20 Cardiff 
WalBun, A, E .. 2C .. 
Whelpdale,C. K. IC W.H'pod 
Wilfon, R BON.SbfeHB' 



I 



( 



Vol. XIX. No. 218. 



[RSOISTEaEB FOR TRANSMISSION ABKOAD 
MAY 1, 1897. Price 6d., by Post, 



1 



THE MABINE ENGINE 



A MONTHLY JOURNAL OF 

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THE KARlNfi J;KG1NKEE. 



37 



-ffiijc gtlarine (Btxginesv. 



LONDON, MAT Z, 1SS7. 



A T cte thirty -eightih sessioa of the iDBbitution of 
^kLjL Nftval Architects on April 7th, A. J. Dureton, 
BBsq,, Eogioear-in-cliief of the Navy, led off tb« read- 
to; of papers nitb an exceedingly modest atatetneat of 
the undoubtedly euccessful triaU of the Pon-er/ul and 
TfrrihU cmisera. We will not enter into details of 
the (acts communicated to that paper as we print it 
(■ r^Uiitt} elsewhere, contenting ouraalvea only with 
emphasizing the startling results proved by the trials 
that the I.H.P- per ton weight of boilers in the Pcwtr- 
^/w/ and Trrnbl'- is 56 per coat, better than in the case 
^H)f three recent battleships with the old cylindrical 
^■(.oilers. The drimatio effect of Mr. Durston's quiet 
POacte was greatly enhanced by the supplemeatary 
paper on water-tube boilers in warihips. read im- 
aiedifttely alter that of Mr. Diir$ton by Rear-Admirftl 
C. C- P. Fitzgerald, and the complementary nature of 
UiiB paper to the former was so thoroughly telt by the 
mMting that the diecoaaion on Mr. Durston's paper 
wM deferred until after the reading of Bear-Admiral 
[Pitzgerald'B paper. The gallant Admiral very properly 
mt to the meeting the views of an executive officer as 
to what desiderata would be sought from a boiler 
sminently adapted for a warship, and frankly adntttted 
ibalj though desirous of being severely unbiassed as 
regiirdB water-tube boilers,, he could see no eompari. 
son between that boiler, aa a type, and the old cylin- 
drical boilers with TCbich he ha>d been familiar, as 
regtidG rough handling and rapid changes from high 
(«ner*tion to even drawing of fires aad nee rfrsa, or 
u regards pt-omptitude in the getting up of steam upon 
uoergBucy or rapid change of speed. The diecuseioii 
wUilb followed on these papers jointly, but am. 
|iliuix«d the important effect that has been produced 
upon the minds of all thinking people, executive 
officns, engineers, and scientists alike, by the sue* 
mital trials of the Powfrfiil aad TtrribU, though it ia 
frfooBtse, adtnitted by all that we may not yet have 
ncD the best development of the water-tube boiler for 
wu purposes. It must be remembered that, although 
llwBeUeviile boiler was not a new boiler, its adapta- 
tSoDs 00 a Urge scale to powerful war Teaftela la a new 
•xtcnmect with us, and though highly and in Bom^ 
([nirt*r8 unexpectedly successful, there may be much 
Tet to be learnt and modified in water-tube boilera 
k^spted for soch a purpose. In the discussion, upon 
tlu ibove two papers taken together, Mr. Thorny. 
crab, though fully coacurring in all that bad been 
■Uted u to the advantages of water-tube boilers, felt 
dtitu eUren years had elapsed since the &rBt boiler 



of the Sp«edy type had been introduced into the Navy 
by the instrumentality o! bia firm, this might hav-e 
beea meationed to their ereili^-. 0/ course, amongst 
the very favourable commendations o( the subjects of 
these papers, it waa only to be expected that some 
criticism should be made as to the dangerous OTOr- 
laadation of the system of water-tube boilers and of 
the Belleville boiler in particular, and Messrs. IS£oBB, 
Gross and Howden did battle for the, at present, 
unrecognized virtues of the cyhndrical boiler as com- 
pared with the tubutous boilers. Sir Edward Reed 
and Mr. Manuel were, bowever, atrong champions in 
support of Mr. Durston's pluck and foresight in making 
so great an innovatioa in (he largest cruiaera, and in, 
defence of the careful standard teats and preliminary 
investigations made by the Admiralty before and 
after putting in baud so daring on innovation. 



Bebino the general intereat that is being taken at 
present in the stability of vessels, and that it is even 
suggeated from ioBuential quarters that shipmasters 
should be required to have an approved knowledge of 
the subject, the paper coatributed by A. G. Ramage,^ 
Esq., to the I.K-A., upon & simple mechanical appara- 
tus to experimentally ascertain the stability of any 
given sections at various angles of heel, is sure to be 
of interest to all. The principle involved in the appa- 
ratus are a mode of raising and lowering a modeJ of a 
ebipe' hull composed of a series of sections, in yellow 
pine, fixed together to represent the complete bull, and 
means of 6xing the vertical axis of the model hull at 
any required axia of heel. An experimental curve of 
stability momenta can readily be aat out if the ceatre 
of buoyancy, that is the centre of gravity of the water 
displaced, can ha ascertained from such model. To 
ensure accurewy in such resulte it is eeaential that 
the grose displacement of tvater must be the same for 
each angle of heel aa for the vertical position. This 
is accurately gauged by a surface float, which indicates 
the total displacemeut of the model by an equivalent 
rise in the water level of the small tank in which the 
experiment is conducted. The movement of such 
float is multiplied forty times upon an iudioating 
finger to give sensitiveness. To ascertain the centre 
of buoyancy for any specific heel, the model is im- 
mersed, at such heel, until the normal diaplacemeut ia 
indicated. The water-line ia then marked on the 
model and the immersed sections removed by a fine 
saw. The centre of gravity of such immersed secdoQa, 
which can be ascertained by trial by balance, will give 
the centre of buoyancy of the immersed section, and 
thus the whole curve of stability can be set up at 
various heels. As a rough-and-ready means for very 
rapidly eetting out the curve of stability which might 



38 



TEE MABIKE EKGINEEB. 



[May 1, 1897. 



be done by tmy careful and unscientific espenmetiter, 
thia apparatuB was thought by the rpeflting to be very 
aaafal. 



LoBD Chablxb Bsni^aFDRs waB agaio eBsentially prac- 
tical and to the point in his paper apon the "Fighting 
value of certain of the older Ironclads if Be-armed." 
"We have Some 8,000,000 to 10,000,000 pounds worth 
wf old ironclads fit enough in themeelTes for consider- 
ahle service yet, and Lord Gbarl&s submits what appears 
to be a perfect!; logical deduction, that if they are 
worth coneidering at all aa part of our effective or 
Keeerve Navy, it is etirely worth while to arm them 
effectively with modem and quick-firing guua, so 
that when they did find an enemy they might give a 
good eiccoaut of him, and euch re-arming waa esti- 
uated to cost about a miUion. The adverse criticisme 
were op&n the pointB that these vessels were not of 
modern speed, and were aach coal-eatere as not to 
have long coal endurance. But this hardly affecte,' to 
Our mind, the eGsetice of Lord Charlea' propoaition, 
that if uaelesB owing to Euch deCcienoieB why Iceep 
them on the reserve Hat at all, and in such case are 
we prepared to wnte off 17 or If^ iroQclads at once as 
obsolete ? If, however, as the authorities evidently 
tbink, and as many others concur, valuable service 
can be found for theiu, even with their drawbacks of 
limited speed and coal endurance, then at least let 
ibem be efficiently armed. It was remarked also by 
Bir Edward Reed, id support of the proposition, that 
this would at le&fit provide an immensely useful 
reserve of modem gims which would he equally useful 
for future veseela as it specially made for them. 



Thb Bteam-turhine has been maiing a record in the 
driving of a high speed torpedo-boat^ having given 
72 H.P. per ton of total machinery Kud a fastest run 
of 32'6I knots per hour. This was the subject of an 
interBsbing paper before the I, N. A. communicated by 
the Hon, Charles Parsons. Unfortunately for his 
bearerq, Mr, Parsons gave little detail of hie engines 
or of the specific construction of the Turbinia and its 
propellers, which, however, we shall hope to have 
hereafter. The eubstitutiou of a rotary engiue, though 
revolving with its propeller abaft at over 2,000 
revolutions per minute, for a reciprocating engine, 
seems at any rate to have entirely solved the question 
of high speed in a slight hull without sensible vihra- 
tioQ, and this alone is a great achievemeiit, even with 
some loss of economy. But one's interest in the 
matter is enhanced when it is found that the con- 
sumption of steain per I. H.P. is only 15-^5 lbs. 
There wae a nuanimouB coocUrrence of opinion 
amoDgst those best able to judge that this paper 
might prove to be an historical communication, that is, i 



marking an epoch of a. new departure in rotary engine 

marine propulsion. On Saturday, April 10th, the' 
Tltrfrmia attained the highest velocity ever reached by 
a steam resBel, making an average of 32} biots oi 
the measured mile. 



Aa geometry is the basis of successful shipbuilding, 
it is as a matter of course that some of the papers 
read before the I.N .A. should deal with geometrical 
solutions of common problemf in the designing 
of the vessels or their engines, or for the purpose 
of better exemplifying the principles involved in them. 
Of this character were a paper upon the " Use of the 
mean Water<line in designing the lines of Ships,'' by 
A. G-. ^mage, Esq., and two papers on "TheAcce- 
lerity Diagram of the Steam Engine," and on " The 
Geometry of Stability," by J. Macfarlane Gray, Esq. In ^ 
the former paper, Mr. Hamage suggests a method fromfl 
a Ecries of tabulated numerical co-efficients deduced 
by great personal labour in analysis und^r aJl varioua 
conditions of fineneas of displacement, giving equi- 
valent co-effioieuts of load water-line area, of area of 
midship section, and of the height above top of keel 
of the mean w&ter-line correaponding to a certainfl 
co-efGcient of fineness. The use of this table ia 
suggested as the means of obtaining at once a mean i 
water-line which shaJl be very nearly correct, and wills 
enable the sketching in of sections with sufficient ^ 
aecoracy to prevent their constant rubbing out, as in 
the usual trial and error system. In the latter M 
papers it is difiicult to give any clear conception of " 
their subject without the accompanying diagrams for 
reference ; suffice it therefore to say that the scientists 
present were most compUmentary to their author as to ^ 
the simplicity and ingenuity of the diagrams to re- ■ 
present their desired objects. That of the first-men- 
tioned paper was to give to shipmastera a simple 
constructional diagram representing the true relations 
between the period of a double roll, the radius 
of gyration and meta-ceatric height, and the length of 
an equivalent pendulum, and this with a view to meet 
the possibility that shipmasters may be required to 
have a proved knowledge of these subjects. The 
second of Mr. Macfariane'a papers we can only 
characterise as a masterly diagrammatic resolution of 
the reciprocating and centrifugal momenta of the 
various moving pajts of a marine engine, and fully 
worthy of the praise freely given to it by appreciative 
members of the Institution. 



i 



AcETYLKsE gas as an illuminant ia now attracting 
much attention on shore, and it has consequently been 
thought of iatcrest by Professor B. Vivian Lewea to give 
the Institute of Naval Architects full iaformfttion as to 



bo ■ 

m 



May 1. 1897. 



THE HARINE EN&INEEE. 



39 



I character of tbie gQ.B and the light it gives, ae being 

trobabi; applicable to a large Dumber of purposes on 

lip-board, pa.rticularly Id yachts wbfire th^re is do 

'electric light, and where a brilliant nbite light would 

be appreciated . Unfortunately tbere iir« certain 

Irawbacke to this gas ae regards danger of exploEion 



the calcic carbide and geoerate the acetylene gas 
This gag, when mixed witb air, as in the case oE the 
other hydro-carbon gae«B, forms a highly explOMTfl 
raiiture, and is also poiBonoua. AsBuming, however, 
that proper precautions are taken in the storage of the 
CEklcic carbid-e, the gene ration of the gas by the addition. 




NiOOtL &TEE1.. i_See Mditifriml Sole, pugt iO.) 



where itp peculiarities are not well understood. It is 
produced by the action of water upon a calcic carbide 
wbich ie now manufactured at a commercial rate. If 
->uch calcic carbide be ahipped as the source from 
pvhicb the gUB is to be obtained it must h& carried in 
ftir-ttgbt, and of courea water-tight, ^rums, as ev«a a 
3oiet atmoEpbere has power to eomewbat decompose 



of water is bo simple that a simple apparatus Only is 
aeedful. It would, however, bo itupofr&ible to use an 
ordinary water-sealed gasometer for its collection on 
board ship. It ia therefore &Dg^ea(Kd that the gas 
might be compressed into a liquid slate, as in the case 
of carbonic acid gas, in steal bottles, and C4uld be thus 
carried safely, and would be ready lor use at any 



40 



THE MARINE ENQINKEK. 



[May 1, 1897. 



time under the contrQl of stop-cocks. If allowed 
rapidly to tscftpe the ga.e, however, issues a.t tin ex- 
tremely low freezing temperature, but by tbe UBe of & 
reducing valve or valves this diflk-ulty might he 
avoided. The light of acetyleoe gas when burnt is most 
brilliant, being 15 to 20 times more brilliant for equal 
conBumption than coal gae. As regards its penetra- 
tion through fo^, it has been found that the yallow 
coal &E.d oil flama loaes least percentage of light in 
penetrating such fo^, acetylene gas comes next and 
is infinitely better for penetrative poweta, under such 
circumstance B, than incandescent gas envelopes, 8uch 
ae Welsbach'fl. or than the electric light. The gas 
c&Q be u&ed aa a motive duid by exploeion , and gives a 
£amo of a high temperatura in an atmoepheric burner. 
It is therefore poaaible that we might see in the 
iuture a yacht or torpedo-boat driven by an acetylene 
gftff motor, nitb &cetyleue search aDd other lights 
and acetylene cooking stoves, and even an acetylene 
torpedo. These are, however, dreams of the future. 
For present use it would be well applicable to floating 
buoys, aa a cylinder with a capacity of I 75 cubic feet 
of liquid acetylene would give a- clear white light of 
32 candles for one monlh. As also certain calcic 
carbides will ignite spontaneously when id contact 
with water, probably owing to the presence of calcic 
phogphide, tbe misture might be iiaed with advantage 
owing to its brilliant light ae signal lights with life- 
belta, torpedoes, &c., igaitiug spontaneously when 
thrown into the water. 



NicKBii steel has already earned a high place as 
armour plates for ironclads, bat W. Beadmore, Esq,, 
submits to tbe Inetitute of Naval Architects that it 
has B much wider field of excellence and value in all 
cases where mild uarbon steel i:B at present UBed. It 
can be worked and welded without any special care on 
the part of the artiz&n, and is a metal that will enable 
the scantlings of iron vessels to be reduced, will 
reduce the weight of the boilers and of the propeller 
shafts with perfect reltabilityas to strength, elasticity, 
and Don- corrosion. From teets, it appears that the 
elastic Umit of nickel steel is equal to the ultimate 
strength of ordinary carbon steel, and is without the 
dangerauB brittlonesB of the latter. Nickel steel can be 
punched aud bent quite assucceeefully as ordinary Bteel, 
and will have at the same tiroe much higher tenacity. 
Curiously enough the Japanese are reading us a leBson 
in their prompt adoption of this matertal not only 
for anuour, but for crank propeller shafts, connecting 
rods, and other forgings. The PariJi has adopted a 
new propeller shaft of this material with a tensile 
strength cf 90,000 lbs. (40 tons) pet square inch. la 
power to resist corrosion, also, nickel steel takes the 



Srst place. From experim&Dts the TsIativB lose of 
weight under the same circumetaoces hB^ proved to 
be— nickel steel, 1-36 percent. ; mild steel, 1-72 per 
cent, ; and iron, L-B9 per cent. A striking feature 
claimed for nickel steel Is also that a crack will Dot 
develop in it m in carbon steel, and this character- 
istic of ordinary steel is -said to be the cause of many 
casualties. The fracture of niclel steel is fibrous not 
crTstalline, as in steel, its breakage is therefore 
gradual and uet short as in ebeel. As a casting, also, 
nickel steel maiutaias its reputation, the diagram 
appended shows a castiog of 34 tons for a 12,000 ton 
hydraulic prtsa caB.t of nickel steel, from which 
samples when annealed gave an elaetic limit of 35 tons 
per square Inch, being CO per cent, of the breaking 
strain. 



JuDoiiKO from the diecussiou at a recent meeting of 
the Institute of Marine Engineers, upon ^' The Steam 
Engines and Boilers (persons in charge) Bill," the 
members seemed to be of the opinion that those re- 
sponsible for it in Farliaroent bad not by any meana 
properly threshed out the provisions of the same. It 
was reeolvedj therefore, to remit to the Council the 
results of the meeting so that the various clauses might 
be further dealt with before the Bill became law. The 
Act aims that, with certain exceptions, boilers now 
aot already provided for shall only be in charge of 
pereons poesesBing acme certificate of competency to 
control their safe working, and as far as the ruaiine 
service is concerned, this would refer to vessels not 
having pasacager certificates. Under the Merchant 



Owiso to the great increase in the size and weight 
of pieces that have to be machined, it is the tendency 
now to bring the tools to the wort. It is believed 
by Herr F. Von Kodolitsch, in his communication to 
the Institute of Naval Architects, that electrically 
driven tools will rapidly supersede all Others, owing to 
the facility with which such tools, self-contained with 
their own motor, can be moved about. As an instance 
of this, Herr Kodolitach states that be applies a light 
punching and shearing electrically driven machine to 
the upper deck of a large cargo bo&t and thufl does all ■ 
the light platit>g iV tifie, and he also finishes a targe 
cylinder boring, planing, drilling, tapping, and stud' 
ding it as it stands by numerous em.all electrical 
machines. He gives particulars of a great variety of 
portable electrically driveo machines for all ship- 
building purposes, such as angle lion punching, bolt 
hole reaming, cylinder boring, pumps, winches, 
rotary ssw, tapping, legging, studding, tube expand- 
ing, and &ide bgbt cutiiing machines, all of which 
seem admirably adapted to the purpose. 



I 



May 1, 1897.J 



THE MAEmE ENGINEER. 



41 



I 
I 

I 






BhipptDg A<:ts, theefi last maat ci necessity cury 
officers who have qiialifiad by BxaminaEioo. Here, 
ttonever, the proposed Bill is ambiguously worcled. 
CHaoae 4 infer alia Bays : — " This Act doea not apply 
to any boiler Or cDgioe ueed oq board b. steaiuship 
hftriog a certitcate itom the BoEird of Trade. " These 
temiB are vague and tDieleading, and though perhaps 
4nwTi up with the beat intentious^ shew how looeely 
choDgaa are mads by our ParlaameDtary representa- 
tives. Nearly all British veaaela posses* a certificate 
from the Board of Trade, but this does not ioIbi' that 
those in charge have certificates. If, therefore, the 
Bill were passed aa it etaods now, we should just be 
about where we were previoa5!y in this reapect, and 
it was 'Buggested that ao alteration should be made iu 
the claasea so thit it reads : — " This Act does not 
apply to any boiler or engine used on board a eteam- 
fthip having a pasBCDger certifLeate from th« Board of 
Trade." The eubfltitution of the word " paaaenger " 
before the word " certificate " maices a great 
differeoce to the signification, because in the reading 
U it atande in the first case the Act would not apply 
to any steamship at all, the majority being paased by 
tlie Board of Trade, and therefore the idea with which 
it was, DO donbt. framed, would be immediately stnlti- 
fied except lor passenger steamers. It is aatoni&hing 
how aiieh an error could have crept in with 9uch an 
ftDportant matter. Is it the gentlemen in the House 
of Commons who are in charge of the Bill, or is it the 
technical othcera of the Board of Trade who are to 
blame ? The intention is well enough and summed 
np it meaaa to say, here are a number of boilers, 
which the Board of Trade has certified to be efficient 
in every way, yet at present there is no law which 
compels those boilers to be looked after by men re- 
cognised aa competent for the dyty. These ve&aeU 
being as oiuch id harbour, probably, as they are on 
the high seas, ore therefore from these reasons a con- 
Btant source of danger on entering and leaving port. 
To n medy this state of thicgs, therefore, the Act should 
b« made to apply to all steamships, and it would cer- 
tainly appear that if men with land boilers to supervise 
moet be above the average stibndard of intelligence, 
Acme nuch rule should also apply to those in charge of 
Bteamship machinery. 

A f oiNT was raised at the meeting, as to the possibility 
tit an extra grade for engineers snrmountiug the 
difficulty aa far as the mercantile marine is concerned. 
FiiM and second class c«rtificateB being already in 
existence, why not institute a third and inferior posi- 
tion to the other two ? Presuming the new Aet to 
come into force so that engineers on all boats are com- 
pelkd to malie some show, then another class would 
cneet the caEe, becaues the persons cOmpciaing it would 



only be eligible for the loner types of steamers. There 
the matter rests for the present. The Act is litcly to 
be brought into force for ordinary laud boilers, and the 
consensus of opinion as ezpreaaed at the recent meet- 
ing seemed to be in favour of its extension to all 
at«amer$. Competitive examinations reiga stipreme 
in all walks of life at the present day, why should not 
engineers in charge of marine engines be subject to 
the system ? for under the new Bill that is what it 
would mean. Modified as suggested aad passed by Par- 
liament, no one who had not come up to a certain test 
could obtain empEoymeat in an engine-room. It would 
be difficult, we think, to define the exact limits of such 
a Bill, hut if the main features were accepted by the 
Committee, no doubt the details might be settled 
afterwards, and here again the Institute of Morioe 
Engineers would probably have something to say. 



INSTITUTION or NATAL ARCHITBOTS. 

THE 88th scuioD of the laititntion of HatbI Arcbit«ctfl «u 
opened on April 7tb, in the Sail of the S(WiBt.f of Aria, 
Jobti Street. Adelpbi. the PrMidcDir. the ErM of HopecoaD, 
uoonpioil th» chftiir. 
The uaaal formal proceedings' haviDg IwatL goa^ tluvqgb, Hr> 

George yolmoa, tLa ^e^retairf, re&d tbe uuiDsl repoK of ooOnOil, 

tthiah wu iti tb« fdJlowiog termai— 

The o«iiiioil is ple&aed to be ftbia to report on saotheT year of 
■Htisfvctory wor1t and prog-reii?. Tbe finnnoeB of the luMitatioD 
as ii pro'vnd by ttiB statemeDt of r«oetpta a.Dd eKpeDdi- 
ture, cODtiaae to ba in a i^ood coaiitioD. Duriag Ilie ye&r 134 
□ew mtcnbere ai><! HBaociatea were eleot«<], and the toiBea bj 
<le»tli and roaignation during tbe eOime pieriod aiiigaat«(l. to 2L, 
leaviiiK & gam of i.\'i, 

Aa ■r'BB nimtiiiTired nt tho lest spring meetingB, the oOnnCil 
sooepled I, verf tordibl inrit&tiOD from a (wmmitWe presided 
over 'bj yi6n LaeJFZ, the ehftirm&D of the Uambiir; Chamber of 
Commerce, to boLd iii eammer nwetlaga in th&t importBJit m«- 
port. The Imperiikl QemiBD Go-vcrcmeut, hearing cif the pro- 
jHCted Wait, aent an invitatioe, througti tihe (.Ttrman Ambaai&dor 
m LoodoD;, to the Inatitution to «itt?od t!fae riiit to Berlta. The 
laritBLioQ iTAS At oace accepted, tiud t^e aaoimer meetinKB nere 
accordingly held in HaTntiurg and Berlin in the month vt Jnsa. 

The Hamburg Reception Ci^mmiites ncd tho [lAmbarg Amerioeii 

Ime., not oonteat wilb reC4!)*iD.g ni in their citjr, ahawsd the 

wBTTDlh at their welcome bj HeodiDg the Tra.DiBtlBDtia liner 
flint Mitmarek to tbe Tbetuee to fetohi over the membeTS io » 
body. Od Ibelr errivel in Hamborg they were woloumed wUb 
every detoonatretiDi] of kindDaM and hospitality . A meeting fnr 
the r«'adiDg end diicasaion at p^tpers irae held at Ludwig"* 
Concert Hooar. Vibits were pe-id to the hsrbour, and to the 
Bhjpbuildii'g worka of Meears, Blohm & Voa«, and khe Ivatitntion 
•run en>eit^Ded by tha Senate eX the oity of Uanbutg in the 
Tjwh 3all, and by the R«ioe)>eien Coiiiinittee at Blartkeneee on 
tbe Elbe. Oa their j'lurney from Hamburg to Uprlia apeoial 
MriiLQi^e'nieata nere mnile bj tbe Direetion at the State Hailwaj'B 
for the coDTeni^oce and comfort of the membetv, 

DarinK tbe aUy of tbe InatitotioQ in llie German capital, 
everything that Ibe apirit of bonpitality could augireat naa 
carried out bj the Imperial (JiorenLiiient, and by tbe Reuepiioa. 
Commitbfie, lo render the visit inetraoliTe BiUd BgreeAblt;. Th* 

TeohoJoal High ^rboal and on* of the theatrda at the Ind Datriad 

IGiJiibitioD K ere placed at our dispotal far tha reading of p spare. 
Qia Majeaty tha Emperor William II. honoured the laatitntioa, 
and gave [trooF of tbe deep intereat which he tekea in navaf 
aiuhitecturf, by heme prreent at (be opeojng meetin|{ io tha 
Techoicat Ilij^h School, and b; liateoiog lo the reading and die- 
cuBsion of the papers. Ilia Msjettj also iDTited ibe wboi* 
Inetitation to vinit him at the aew Palaoeat Potadain, and e '■(«'• 
laiaed tbe membife ia a manDor which tkaj can nenr fofget 



42 



TBE MAEINE ENGINEER. 



[May 1, 1897. 



The Imperial G^rm^n OoTomment, lepre^e-nted bf Ibcir 
EicelleQcitia Dr. too ButUcher. the SocretArj of State for tli« 
latprior, aad l>j Admiral EdIIddhhd, tLe St^retuy of StAle for 
tbe Ciovy, tli« joial PreHidentB of the R«ceptioii Committee, yrer^ 
onuHBrj'kDg in th air efforts on oar beliKlf. Tboj uaderbook all 
tiiA MnsnganeutB f or our rece]>tion, uid Rava tbe loBlitution a 
BU^iSoeot eDCertaiamBnt at onfr of the Royal opera faonBSB. A 
ooBiRiitcee of MjiiveentAtives of Berlin ccromenie and iadaatry 
invited tha memberB to viait the ladaBtrml Kihi bitten, and 
eat«iTttLEDed them GherB witb tbe ntmiMt hoapitftlitjr. 

At the inTitation of tbe Diroclion of the TaloaQ Cd tlie 
iDatitntion flaited tbeirabipbnildiDfr worVe a.1 Sitettin- A apeci&l 
tmiu waa pla*;^ at ijoc diBpOBal, Tli« rleit was moei interesting 
V^ inatraQiiTi), flod tbe mflmWrB wera reoei»-e<i nt Stettin with 
tha aame boq>ilft!itf and prOOd r«eliiLg whioh we>6 tVitjvh^t^ 
Bhowt) to them. On the return journej' to Enf^tand the State 
BuIwBiy^ Co., luid also the other foreign Bind Eoglial] railroad 
and steamship ooiapaniej. pave tbe m^inbera evsry pMsible 
facility acd l&rpe reductiDDg Ld fares. 

Tho ticBl thaotie of tbe iDBtitnlion arediie to HiB SlaJeHtf tbo 
Germaii Eniperor, to Lhe Imperial OoTemmeBit, to tiiei Baoate 
and HouBG of BurgesscB of tbe city of Uumbarg-, to tie two 
Beceptioo CoDtmitte^B, to the Cirectiou ot tbe tSteta Ballnays, 
to tha EKuxbaTg.k.taeii&liii lias, to the Vulcan Co., and to 
SrniB and CorporaLioca above- men lioocd, for tbeir gene-rouB 
well^{lme, and tor tlie trouble wbio}! thB]' t«ok to render the riait 
of ifas tnemberBtoOeriDBiiy insuuctiie and Bgrceabte. 

Thia being tbe sixtieth yeur of the r«igu of Her Maj»aty 
Qrieen Yictoria, the council have arranged t^at the 
]a»titut)OD ciinll celebrate tLe event by boldini; aa 
iBl^ruHli'Oiia] Cougresa of KbtbI ArohiteC'tB and filArine 
Bii|FiuQerB at the In^perial In^titute^ Loudou, jd the Qoarae 
of [h« Aomibg niinaj«r. Bis fiojat HigtneM the< Priii^ pf 
Wales baa Rncionaly canBented to ai^t ae BoDoruy FrMid«nl 
of tbe CoDgreBB, and baa bien planeed ta intimate tiia intention 
ofbein^ pieeent on tlie opening ilty. iDVLtatiaaa to take poirt 
in theCeTigreBa h&tff beaaeenl to tbe MiniaturB of Marine of alt 
the principal nioritime Ponera of ihe world, to tbe FVenoh 
Asaooiation TecliijJijQQ Mftntime, lo tbe Amurican Sooietjr of 
ElaveJ An;hiiectfl "od Uaiiae EagLncera, which ore iuBtitationB 
baring kindred obje^tB to Par Own, 

Tbe boldiogof ibis ptAt Ccitlgr«B8, on Baoh A unique DOCasian, 
will g'iTs the incmberB a EttiDg opjiortabit^ foi- WDlconiing to bur 
■ioQatr^ tbe many kind frieiida fi-oiu abroad who, during the last 
two je^rB, have ihown ui aricb marked hoepilulity, asd iJono so 
tnaoh for tbe adTBncement of tbe ItistitiitJou. Tlie council know 
Ibat the; can rely with Iho utmoet cdnftilence on the members to 
snpport tham by eyery means in their power in -tfoing honour to 
their gueets. A laxge and repreBOntatire Reception Coiniiiitte« 
i.a in coar»e of Xorm^tJOD, nod the ccDii'qi] ore gtad U> inronn tbe 
IJI«inb6J-S that they are »-BC*ivi±lg every enoooragemeut from 
H.R.H. tbe Prlrce of Wa.lee. from the Government, tbaCit}- oi 
LOLdon. aa. well sa from the shipbuildiD^ and ahipovrning 
iutere»tB tbrongbont the couotTy. 

Tbe counei] hare had great pleaaiire in awaidiUg- tbe Gold 
Medal of tbe year to Herr A. Dietrich, Coiijtru;>.tor- is 'Chief of 
tbe German Navy, for bia ^xoellent paper, '' DdvelojioieDt in the 
DesigD and Oonitnictioti of German Uen-vrWar : " and on extra 
G:>tdl Medal to- Berr P. AjidreBa JUvyer, Enitiiieer-in-Cbiar of the 
OctJ of Hamburg, for his paper on "Tbo Uaritlme FotitiVTi Uld 

prinoipal Fntorci of tbe Port of Hamburg.'' Thej hAie also 
Awarded a premiuni to Mr. J. ftmbn Tor Ilia paper, "Some 
Geometry in Connectjon wrth the Stability of Bhtps."' 

Tbe oouDctl bave to dcplort) ttie d-eath of one of the vioe- 
proBideii'le of the Institution, Adminil of tbe Fleet Sir Alexande'- 
Milne, ''.C.B. ; cf a recenllj' retired vice-preaident, Sir •TameB 
B-UBwlen; and of Mr. Tbeojore Wilson, an lionoracy member, 

aud late Chief Oonetrui^tor of tbe U:[iited gtatee Nbtj. Tbey 

«Jaa moeb regret to annriunce the anddeii death cpf Mr, A, 
BlwhjndeT), who bad only reoently been elected on« of the 
repreBentaliveB of ihe luBlitution od ihe CoDimittee of Ship, 
builders and Euuiueera appointed to aesiKt the Marine Depart- 
ment of the Board of Trade; and Of Kir. Croaaland, a former 
member, and lor acme lime u. chiol caoBlraotor at the Admimltj. 

THE PRESIDENTS ADDRESS. 

Tbe Earl of Bopetonn tliFn di'lifcred bia -openine pddrera. 
Uo lAJd : — 1 am v«r; glu^f W he able to f^cmgratulute tbe Inatitu- 
tio'lL tipeii the repol~t wbioh hib jiihC been t^ad by tb^ BG<:tetaf7, 
Jt i*, in efatj eeb^ of the word, a [ttotpml; report, blJ it is 



ptsBaaitt resding to ell those who irisfa oa weK, for it t«lla tb^in 
tbab we an, at a BCiuet;, a lire, healtliy, growing oonoem ; pnv 
Tery enoooragiDK featTire, too. at the preeent moment ia the v*ty 
large oambi-rof now meuiben otid aaeociatesw^o have joined (of 
are ubont t{> join) the InBtitution. There are over One hundred 
names on the list, of these no Ibbb tluiH M are foreign gentle- 
men ; wbiah shows that our importance as a ooemopolltan and 
int«rnatioiia>l bodj is atinaallj inoreasing, And also, perbapa, 
demoDalrat«fi in aome degree the benefit* which have aoomed to 
onr constitution from oar recent visitB abroad, 

I had the liunour last ;«ar, when addreeabig joa npoDi a fimilar 
ooooeion to Ibis, of remiudiiig yon of all tbe hoepitality whioh we 
had receiTed in the provigns year from the French Ge-vemtaant 
Bnd from laadiug oitiiens in France. I hod not the good fortune 
let be present with yao then, and 1 was odI; able to apeak fram 
hearBsy and documentary endence. Bat to-day it is different. 
for I went witb yon to OercaaDy last anmmer, I ataared with jou 
in the good meaiare of kindness and hospitality, preaeed down 
and rnuniog over, which waabestciwed npon yon. and I em theie- 
fore pririleged to ehare in tbe feeling of warm f^ratitada whiob 
yoQ hero towards anrbonte, and, in commoc with joo, tg tre«4i)Te 
in my mind the looollectioo of the happiest and meet iutereStiiiB 
and most infrtroctive week th^t ^t has ov^ fallen to tbe lot of a 
body of men to enjoy. 

For His Imperial Majeaty the German Emperar this lostntntjon 
must always enMrtaln the profonndest leapect and Iivelieel 
gratttDde. for Bis Uajeaty liaB made it clear to tbe world that be 
apprecintea the good work which it has done and ia doine in the 
cAUHB'Of science. The interest and confidence whioh Ilia Uajetty 
has been pleased to eTinoe towards ua, will, lam anre, pot be tnia- 
placed, but will encourage ub to try and deserve hJo gvod opinion 
in. tbe ftit("re to the atmoat of our iiapacitj. 

To Bis ILsj^y's Imperial Government, and to tboge of hli 
diatingaifihed eabjecta with whom we were brought in oontBOt, 
both in Berlin and Hamhorg, we owe a heavy debt of gratttnde, 
and the reoolleoticn of oor iQdebt«dneia to tbem ia as fnwh in 
the miDd.§ of all of na aa though oor viail to Germany bad taken 
place laat week instead of nearly twelve monthe ago. I now 
leave the history of the past, pleasant ob the oontemplation qt 
that hiBtory isi and tarn to th«' fut>ir«. 

We have every leaaoo to hope tbftt the great Intematlooal 
CoDgreaa which we intend to hold «.■ a oelabration of tbe siitieth 
year of oiiir bolo»ed SoVei^i^'ii reig-n will bo an entire Bcooeaa. 
Owing to the luboura of our indefatigable- eecretary, the prepara- 
tions for this i^bL gathering' are in a vory forward state, a Toiy 
large number of iuvitationa have been isened, and a very laiga 
proportion of the distingnlahed gentlemen so invited bavs 
signjfied their iniontion of being present. It ia apeoiallj 
enconragiog to be able to staite that every one of the oiBoial 
invitatioaa tent lo the Uinistera of Marine of the prioolpal 
m^'itime Powers have been replied to in the affirtnative. We 
ar^ A3oBt foTttibate in bavinjg seoored the oouDtecanoe and 
snppji't'of H.it.H, the Prince of Wales. Bia RayaJ HighoesB, with 
that graoioaa bene vol enue wbiob charHcUriBea !ii« attitnd» 
towards all useful movemoDtS, hsa conseel^d to aot as Sonorsij 
Presideot of the Coogreas. We may coDgratalate aarselves, 
tco, upon the fact that we may count upo-n the eapport ol Her 
Mnjeaty's Govemment and of the Lord Major of London, »b ^4D 
upon tliat of tbe great bi^yof shipbuildicg and ehipowbing Stmt 
tlir«Dgboi)t the country. 

I know fnll well that eret^ member of the inBtitution will do 
bis ntmoet to make tbe Congreasa big snccesa, and that eaoh od« 
of ua will feel that his individual bcnonr. aa well his the bononx 
of the Booiety aa a whole, is at stake in trying bo return to our 
hosts of tbe last two yeara Bune meaBore ol the iminense kiod- 
nesa and boundless hospitality which baa been ao freely lariabcd 
upon DB. I am aware bow generoael; members have alieaaf 
responded to the appeal made to them by tbe oonncil aonaa 
montho agO. I trast I toay not be oonBJd«red to toueh on 
delicate gronnd wb&n I aay that I oonnt myself fortnoate in 
being asBooiated with a body of gentlemen lo public- opirltad. ao 
liberal- minded, and ao open-handed as are the members and 
a&sociateB of this iDstitotion. 

Witb regard to the abipbaildiu^ programme of the Admiralty 
for tt coming year it ia difficult tc say much. We are aware tl«t 
four new batlleiihipB and three tbird.claBe cioiaera are to b« laid 
down, hnt it would aeem that nothing i-s aa yet nettled as to the 
tjp¥ to which tbe hattle»bipe ure to Iwlgng. Tbej will prebahly 
be eitfaet- of the Caiiopiii or Mnj^tfic elaaa A.t first sight this 
would aeem a very modeat progranune, but we most not loae 



May 1, 189T.1 



THE MARINE ENGINEEIL 



43 



I 



I 



I 



•ight of tlw fact Chat > very tni^e nainbei' of vnMeh ar« at 
pnsHDl fn oonrsa o! coa^tructioii. Dnnngr llie finanmBl jBBra 
ISV7'8 the toliowitig' Teeselii 'nill be oiiJier building oT C«Tn- 

Poart««n new baitleibips. 
EtKht firit-ctuBB orciinvrs. 
Nina ■econd'^olaw ornisen 
Two glcxtpa. 

Four tnin-Hcrew gariboaln. 

Fittj-lwo Corpedo-iioat ileaUoirerr. 

Ei§[bt Ugbt-<trB[igtit Btenmen fpt- «p«cial HTTtca. 

One Rt>y»l yncht. 

Thtu tbe Lotal TiDmber of TecBels ander omHtrnctioi wHI be 
104; tbeir Rggr^ghta digplBoeineDt will be S80.OOO toDj. aed 
their ugKicgate H-P. will be 800 OOO of I.II.P. 

A Tcrjr iiroQg cuntingrent oF poirerfal xbipa baa be«D added la 
Ibe Nmyj during the past yt>u. It ia hicbly eatJE'r&ctor; lo as 

to IcDOW ihtt thee? abips Viave fullj realised the moat aoi^gaine 
rapeclationB ot those who were reBpaaalble for tbeir dpaij^iDs. Id 
point of spedd, a#&-worthineiBS. aod ■lability' ttey have i^rored m 
•niii« BuooMa. 

A Terj important evi^t bag leaently tak^n plur^ in c{)iiDection 
witb our war ne«l. 1 refer to tb» »nlir» bjcl-^b wbirh haa 
Mlended the triBla of the watflT'lnlw boilerti iu our lB»is.ttian 
oraia«r*. There wiv, aa ire nil knaiVt oon*iden)hle DerTouanciiB 
fa ainaj -qoHtterd aa to the Pip&dienoy of raking tl<ia fio-«allBtl 
l^ap into the •dnrk □pon bo iHr^ a acal'e- Bub tT'C ErUjfEnf^r-j.U- 

CliiAf of H«r Mtjesty's N-av^ wb* tii^t atlticUd nitli ddj of tbjg 
narvonlDMi- H« knew w hut be wob about : he hivii the rOa ra^ 
of Ilia opiDiooii : and epeata bava pioved that ha wa^ juatiEdd <□ 
cbe ooGrBa which ba t<x)k. We. who are Mr Bimuiii'B rrif-ndB 
aad admirera. oC«r him our raBpectfal >congraita)a'ttoiiB npnii tb>e 
good trait nhicb bis Sroaneaa and forsth'Oiii(ht bave borne. 

CniLixislj flouD^b, «Uhaagh Iheae watcr'tnbe bojlerB are 
proving eucb wo eaUr« buccb^b in oar warahip'B. the; have not a« 
yet (oQod TOogh fn-Toar in the M^ccianlilQ MnriBO. Pcesiljly the 
vorf qnklLtieA whloh make th 6m HQ Buitahla for raon-^f-wpr are 
laia dMtmble in trading T^aaelB, 

It may be tbat tfae water-tube bailer which ccmbinex all ih« 
qualitiM aasecitial to both cLBBseaot work remains to be in vented : 
K any rate, only a few cargo tmbsIb have aa yet been fitted 
■ tlh water-tiibe' boilera. aod in odo cnae' tbey bave been remored 
■ad ordinary hoilora aabaliluted. 

Tli« largest Teeeel Sited dcrinir the pMt year with tbeae 
boilere ia ine ».a. Khtno'i, built by Meaai?. nawthoro, Leslie & 
Co-, fix tbe Bnaaijin Vo]unt««r Fleet. 1 IteliefQ tliftt hvr trials 
bat6 b««D entirely BntiafB.clory. 

The tendency witb ordinary bollsTB is ta ateadily increaM tb« 
pteaaQTB per aqnare ioob, 200 Ibi. bein^ uaad in many -caaee. 
TtTo new mail BGeamerB of large dimenaionB are being baiJt upon 
tba Clyde, (he preaanre [□ whoae boilers will be '/uh Ibe. to ttie 
•qnare inch. DnriD^ the year a cargo TCHBel. the liiriniixm, 
bDllton lh« Korth-Caat Coast, haa conuionoeil work. Her engines 
are qa«dnip1s-eipa>iBioTL, wjth Bre qy]iqileni, and ber boiJerr, 
wfaiob Are of rather stuall diBmetatr, work at a prMtur? ot 
2&& l^a. per Bq^aaie inch. I am told that thia it the higheat 
Mean prieaenr» aa yet need In marina engines, ^et tbeae enfnn«a 
aDJ boilere (five, 1 be-liere, unqnaliSed satiafaotiun, 

Siaou (.he haginnins of this year the Ffiiii'jflvaniii, 19,7Srt ton*. 
hnilt at Gelfaat lor lierman ownera, bag commenced rnoniDg in 
the Kortb Atlantio- trade, la point of UiDoagti this veaael is tbti 
neareat appxoaoh yet mide to tho'lrit"!. Eaitern, which nie&aured 
l&,9tK tone. The Ftnnii/traiiia ha-i % lona^h of S60 ft., aa coin- 
pwred with 678 ft. for the Ortal KatUnt, und 601 ft. (or the 
C'H'V^i'^ Bf d Lucaniii. 

The Whitd 8iar liao have fpnently pablished same partio^jkra 
of the new liner Oreank. whioh i< ncder CDnatmctioa fortbem, 
kndvfhich. whilenot i]Uit@ ei^uaJliDg (be Great Eiifrrri'ilODnB^e. 
arill eioeed her lengt,}] hi 2b It. The Octniic is to bare a irroaa 
tonnage of more tbao IT.OiX) Uma, n I'-iigth of TO-i ft., and a sea 
•peed of ovnrSO knot*. It ii eipocted that ahe will ba launched 
In Ja.nnB.ry next. Fhe wJH be able to ateam 23.CW bnota, ot 
praotioally roiiod Iha world, at 13 knotfl apeed with oat coaling. 

At the friid of laat year foor etaamerj of over lu,000 tonB eaoh 
w«rft undar eonetraotion in Germotiy for Qerman owners, oa 
oompared witb only two luch veaBelB la tha United Eioij^dom. 

Practically, half the aea-goinn tanapa of the world ia owned 
in Iha United Kingdom, and congiderably over half sails under 
tb* British Bag. Tbii mariti'no predominance of onr Ennpire ia 



all the inore importanl beoanae it o«cniB mainly fn respeoti In 
Bteam veaae'Ig. 

It will be intereiiting to note thnt the -reaaela no the ragiatar 
of tke United Eingitom on December Slstp 16S6. were aa 
follows : — 



Steam... 

Sailing 



8,530 veeaele «f 10.243,192 tonagrMB. 
12.26.J ., 2,W)a,021 



Total ... dO,7&6 veBaela of 13,lJf,2l3 tona groBB^ 

During the laat decmde the nunirber of VeM*'la on the I'egirter 
has dfOTBBflMl by over l,8CiO veMels, wbi'e the lonnage bag in- 
creaaed by no Imb than 3-, 3 10,000 tana. During the iwina peiiod 
newly.bnilt Bteamera to the extent of mora IhHn 7,000,000 xteaai 
(Ana have been added to th« reKiater. This circamaranoa 
iiidioBt«B that the greater part of the BHtieh Maroantile Mariae 
ie ot eEoient modern tonetrnction. 

One feature of thr^ laat few years baa been the inorenfllng pro* 

portion of tonnage built in thia ponntTj W the order of foreiKii 
ownprs. Aa muoh aa 30 per o«iit. of tfa? total output of 1896 
was bnilt to thi^ otder of foH^gn and cobbial ownera. Germany 
[.rovided in that j«i* the Inrgaat awiouoc of work for Britiab 
ahipbnilders (eo far aa foreign orders were eoneemed)!, iranie!y, 
30 veiseUof 117,870 tons (over 10 per rent, of the intal ontpntji. 
RuBBia followed witb 23 veaaala, 34,524 t>ine (or neacly 3 per 
rent.). Neit came Norway witb 28,308 tone (3-4 pea- oent,)- 
I>»Dmnrk and Japan each took about 34,600 (on a at the-olneeof 
lfi96. More work wa« in baud for Japan than for any othiec 
foi eign Comntry oh December 3Ut l&at year, (>2,U0O Icna (b«aid«a 
tiro firat-da-Be battleahipa) were iMing fauitt fur that country. 
VeBaelB. ton, of considerable lonnaga are now btine bailt in 
Japan, three ateel ateataers varying from l,'t!>3 to E>,790tanB, 
beaides aeaeraJ ana Her vesBeOi', bging repurbad aa nnd^r 
ooDatmotian4 

Odb of the moat JateresttDg featoree conneoled witb nmroan- 
tile Bbipbuilding ia what we may deecBibe aa the development of 
type in t'ar>;o eieaTnera. Th« latest oontribution to thi» procevq 
of evolution ia ihe appeafaoOe during the pHat ypnr of the tmnli- 
deck ateamer, 'be peouliarity of thia desij^ being the fitting r-f 
a oocUnuona atraight-eided: erection on the npp«r dpok of th4 
veappl. Three sDch atetkmera have heen (iiiiH. eHch of about 
'2,600 tone groaM, audeevan nior» nr- uh'Iff cona' nisi ion. 

The jfen^ral impression u that BSilinB vchmIb are doameri, 
and that in the coerae of a few j eara tney nill iliaaiiprar alto- 
gether — at leatt, BO far as ocean voyagea are conrcrneii. Tbia 
tnfty OT mpy nob come to pa*a ia thia ^^ant'y, bat in Fr^Tice tL<* 
lendeocy is in Che oppoaite direction. Id 1893 ■ Inir wos pasapi] 
in that country fir (ho fanooaragemBDt of sliiobnil'itiii and ehifi- 
ownins. Coder this law a bounty of £2 12a. p^r groaa ton i« 
pajabFe on all iron and atael vei aela boilt in F'nnco ; a bonniy 
of £6 per ton od tbeweiebt ot all rew niHrhinnry, boilari, to., 
bailt in France ; and an allowaoce of lid. f..r Krench siaamerv, 
and la. 4^4 for Fren-ch Biiiling veeiela, bnVt in tYanee, per 
gnwe ton for every 1,004 milen ran. The *' raniiiog'' boiintlqi 
decreaac 3^ per Mot psranDuni, aud oeue after («a years. Of 

^aarfe, cl» COnLpMrsd Mith Ab En^lifth balMe'r, n FreQoh boilder 

ia handicapped by the bigh coat ol material daa t« prDtoetive 
taxation. Even with the help of the bonnty. to linild a larga 
BailioR vpaaet in France (WBta the owter nearly ha*f aa mach 
again oa to bnild her intbia coDUtry. Bat th^ larite " mnniDg " 
or navigation boantiei obiainable ud native-biiUt reaaeU induce 
the Frenoh ownors. to pnt np with the Inrya initial orniay. 

The result of thia law has be:n » remarkable development 
of tbe building of Inrge neel aniling v^as*]* in France. The 
production of atBarnera haa not been noticrably affi^etod, Th** 
boanliea bein); baaed upfie) the grass tonnage, ttiodei of oon- 
almcticD have been enenaraged whioh make thai tonnage very 
high aa compared with the net Innnage. 

In 1WJ2 the sailing tonnatra taaunbed in Franca did not eiceed 
Z.Ofkj or 3.000 toiiH, The Qgure* have aincB grtdaally inainaaxl 
until in ISW no laBS than riS.EHiS tons were launched. Homover. 
at the end of ISOi steel fliuling vetwls to the auiaont of 4l,00L> 
tnna wore under coDetmotJOD and prapariuK in Franee, a« 

compared with S6,000 tooa In the whole of the Uoit^ 
Kingdam. 

The Grat paper on the programme thia year ia by Mr. Dnrvton. 
the Engineer- ill -Chief of the Navy, no Ihe reeem trials of tba 
rrniaers FunrTful and Trnibtt. Thia record of the result* of 
introdinoing Belleville boilera on an nnpreordeated aoale iotc 
Bhips of ibe Boyal Havy will be of great intersn to all of aa. I 



44 



THE MARINE ENGINEEK. 



[Kay 1, 1897. 



bare &]r«ftd7 »l]aded to thin ralJMt in ftn eaxlier part of bmj 
»ddlr«tB. 

Admiral J'itsGQrA.ld siso deals wUh nster-tufae boilars in war- 
ftbipH, and in so dcing bo fulfils one of tlie msJn object* of Chta 
ItiBtiCutioD. which is to promote ths interehaD^a af opidian 
betHWn tha users Hnd c«DatniDl«ra of nbipe (ixtd enifinee. In aaji 
•■»■ the opinion of a .coinpeteiit bdi} eip^rieaCreil NbvdI ctliccr 
oa liiB relatiTo ralues of Cbe two greaL typett >of boilerg from a 
eomlNitftnc'a point c( rien i^anooC f&il to b« of intoroBt, 

The labjeot wbich Lord CbarlBH Beresford tieata ia oce of I 
■pocial i>nporU(D«e, Vfv bt^TO in tbe Kbt; b Ur^c number o( I 
irgiiAladai wtiet, though old, Br« perf^otlj ggund. Tbej neie 
Gmo ahipa in tb«)r day, And if atiy tKIng can be dono to brio^ I 

thBiroCenBire powers up to tbe moderaaUndBtdwilhoiiCioanrTinff i 
Ml imdae ei pen di tare, we must odmit that thn CLrm^d Btreu^ith 
of tbis LioujDtr; at sea Hould be greatly iucceagad. Here, B^air. ) 
tha opinioD of tbe combatant; aaval officer must be of uneot 
inlatoat sod iinportatice. I hope the aiitbor of tbie pRper will 
be able to Hhow na bow we can, for ei modi^rate enpeodiLure, 
nalte a really effaciira additioo to oac Qeot. I use the word 

"fSeDtiTe''' odii^edl^, bacaaae, witb modera aHriea ^pricgipg 
Up all rOnnd. I fe<el doutitffll wbetber onr oldar iroDClade — 
de&oieot aa tbsj aie, and mnac alwayi be, in Bp*ed — can bn 
raukoned m a trastwortb^ element in our eohem» of cational 
defsiMH. 

t msT coDgrBlulate the luBlitntioo on bBTiog obtained a paper 
friiDi Mr. CbarleB Pairoua, on that moBl in l era sling new de> 
pai'tn/e in msiioe propoliioo — tbs' euooeMful incrodDotioD of tbe 
ream torbine oa a aabiititnte for tbe old tjpe of reciprooatiug 
CDj^no^ 1 Hoold also coi ^rBtolatp th^ oieuibfTB of tbe uouiety 
Ob the fa-ot that Mr. Mai^tarlaoe Oraif ba« regaia^d bgtt lilierij of 
apraoh, and tbac be hae prepared two ^ aiiei-a (or the loi-titiitiou 
IbU yoBT. Hia valoe has been silent t(^o 'Oni? at our maatingB, 
bat wa may hope iu tbe fature to have the benefit o-f his rich 
atorea of Boi«i[iiti&o knowledge, and I bqi aura that yon will 
all lojoice with roe tbaC thiB ii the case. 

The l&olurea whioli PwieeaoT Lewea gives na from ttma to 
tiu^e -tre ognnt^i] amoogat the greatest tteaUi which we eojoy at 
thpHQ iDiMitithgis, nDii I chinlc 1 i)aa promiee the membera who will 
attend ont eTAtiing toeetiEip^ to-morrow thnt they will Dot ba dss- 
appointed, either with hiB paper, of with ihe demonttrBtion 
which wilt acoompanj it. 

On Friday we have two iutereBttn^ praetiftal papers, one by 
Ur. Beardmore on oickel steel for boilor plates sad foi-gingB, 
and thft other by Herr won Kodolitsob on that moat iatereBliuK 
modem applioB.tioa of electricity to driving toola and other 
elasBea of maohinery in ^'C^iue ahope and ahipbaildiog yarda. 
3otb tb^ee papers are ? tnineatly uhIoIi bocnuee tbcy ahow ai 

how lo build aac ahipa and enginoe of better iiDa.teriBl. B,ad at the 

same timo how lo constrntt them [a a oheap&r atid moiw -eipedi- 
tiona ojaiiner. 

I fear that 1 ba*e detained joa et too great a leD|3:t.b, bat it ia 
no euy RtaUer to keep ao addteeg of thU kind, dealinj;. ae it 
moat (leal, with lo vaal a subject a8 Ibe ahipbuililiDR policy of 
tbe world, witbie ren.sona'ble liioitB ; it ia none the leae difficult 
to keep it eciiiely (eta from all Bnapicioo of the EoisAora and 
paata.pot. 

To the many aote of kindaeea -iphii'b you. have filr«A4y ebofrn. 
towards me since I became (ine of yonr diatinguiebed body, yOn, 
bafe added a further evidence of jour ^lod will )]]liEte^iDg to ma 
tO'day with lo much patienoe ajid toleration. 



RECENT TBIALS OP THE CRUISERS 
•' POWERFUL" AND " TEKRIBLE.'" 

Br A. J. DDE8T0N, Ksg.. C.B., R.N. 
Enaixlta-iM-Caiir of B.U. Kavt, Mricbbb oj Coukcil. 



THE recent 'cfficiil trials of the larg-e oroiaere Paicerful aod 
TiSrritU bate attracted atteotiaa, owiuK to tbe large 
drpaitots from previous boiler praotico in tSie British Navy 
made in Lho«« vr«tet^, &□<) the maffnitude of the icetallation. 
It J» [troposed to gii^e a, deurlptioa of the ttiale with dalA 
obtoined ibBicfrotn. 

•BMclkl th«lbIr'7-(lBllb9tHionollbalDt(ltullfiDaf IfiTal AtBhlttoia. 
Alitl lib, H9T, ilii' Klgbt Hod. (111! Eul ol IlocelouD, O.C.U.d., id tbe 



Tbeae trtala bare been so falJy and completely reported m 
tbe praf^BBioaal and other papcre, tbnt the writer now ephmit^ 
this paper for the purpose of eliiiting those Fulniihle eHli(>iatna 
which, frooi th^ir loiiFf and varied eiperiances in oharge of or in 
boildiDjT warahipB and their maohitieTy, the inembere of this 
luititiitioD can contribnte, aod thus aaaiet o», wbo are engaged 
ID endeHvouriiig to muke the propelling maofaineryof aar Heat 
aa efficient as practicable, 

Mr. Miltoo. in hia two raluable cootribntions to (he TraiiB- 
ttotiona of Ihie Inelitotion in ICSJ and 1894, gave a very fall 
desoriptioD of the Fajtoae typee of WBit«r-ttibe boilers then in 
ase aod bflilding, to whiob jn^mb^re <«n refei foi' the recent 
history of this eubjfrct. It need only be added tbat tbe qneation 
of fitting water-CQbe boitera toonr warghipB generally has beett 
much accelerated of late yearaby the LBtrodaotiOD of tbe smalt 
tube typo of water. tube boilera by our Thamea torpedo-boat 
builderi. and by the action of Lord Qeorge Haoiilton when 
First Lord of the Admiialty in l^t'l, in otdcrii g an iDstBllation 
of thia type for the SpWi/' torpedo gooboBt of 4.S0OLfl.P. 

Tbe advaotaf^B gamed in weight and qt^iokneea of aotion in 
thia reBDvl were ho great that, nftentioo was turned to tbe isatal- 
Istion of naler-tnb^ boilers of the large -tube type adAjitfd by 
L'Or neif>hboar« acroaa the Channel in both their Naval and 
mercantile ah ipe. The reaalt of further eaqoirisa was tbe jelea- 
lion for the ebips of our Navy of Hecocd-olBsa orniaar clasx and 
above, of that type of boiler whioh haB been moat OEt«naively 
adopted, and of which tbo greatcat eiparienee had been gained, 
OApeuially in the long ocean voyagoa of tbe Ueeea^trieB 
Maritimes mail eteamere, and which was found to poeacee similar 

advantages,- 

Before pfOceedibij io the deBoriptimn of tb^ tnala of the 
Poti)#f/ii/ aud r^rrji/ii, it iftay li*Ip lo aimplifythe baaia of dia- 
cuaaion if the praotlce of the Adniiralty in regard to the power 
and heating BDrfaoea ipeci&ed in their >uoDtrau(3 for maobiDery 
of abipa U stated. For cylindrical boilers and forced draught 
the conditions are ' — 

(1) A trial at maiimam power for four boara, vith air prM- 
sare not exceeding 1 in. of watf'r la stokebolda. 

(2) A trial at Pntaral draogiit power for eigUt hours, tb* ai 
pressure not tA eioeed ^ in. This oatutal drADght power it 
about SO pet oent. o( the maiimtim power. 

[V) A. trial of SO faonra at abont tO per oent. of the mazimnim 
|>ower, and called tbe uontinuDiis Bea-gaing power. 

(4) The beaCiog aurfBce is deaipned to be not leu than 
2-5 aqaat« feet per I,H,P. at natnral drsngbt, whioh is eqniva- 
lent to abont i aquare feet at the continuone aea-going power, 

(5) TViala are madeerery three months of ehipe in «ommie- 
eioD, on which fox four honra the fall Dataral draagbt power i« 
required, and, for another tweialy hgura, tbe continuoos sea- 
going power at least, wit!fa tbe eogiae-room oompleme&t in three 
wacobea, 

(6) It cau be stated that in many sbipa, sDd for periods of from 
4S to Mfl honrs. over 90 per cent, of the netural draught power, 
or over 73 per cent, of the maxiitium power, baa been maintaiciFd, 
and as in notion twowatchea will be on duty in the engtoe-room 
aod Btohebolde, it is not an citrtkTS.gant aESanaptioA to make 
(pro^idtd ibe boilera are oleau and eoginea suitably (tdjaated, 
and ulher fonditiona favourable], that the »B«i.mnin power can. 
be obtAiueJ wbonever required for abort pSrioda, Pop long 
Cbaeiog. a more or lesi oluse approximation to natiiial dtanght 
powerand Bt-eed can bemalntaiaed. 

(7) One other poiDt. It is well known that, for the great tulk 
of tbe BteamiDg of a msn-ot-war, tbe apeed required ia only 
moderate. As ipeeda have iecreassd. the proportion of meximnm 
10 ordinary cruising power baa beocma very great, Takintt 10 
knots aa tbe ordiitary cruising speed, tbe proportion of foil 
power required for tbie, whicii in tbe d*y»- of the first iroDclad» 
nua to per eeat., dtcrong-ed to 39 per c^Qt. in tbe Tliunitrer, iiiiid 
mors p()o«intly to 13 pel- aont. in th* AuTirra olaas and in the 
Royal S'.rireign c\i*», I] per cent, iathe Edgar cXstae, end finally, 
about Sj per oent, in the ornieers Fmcarful and TiTf\bie. Theaa 
facts well itlustrate that of necessity the machinery of nwnr- 
ehip ii a oompromito between eoonomy sad thoae coDditioca 
inTclriHK eonll Bpacentid weight. DomiantingaM ie tbe-facility 
it ehonld (iQord the ciiptaiu in bnodling bift ship in action or in 
maibtaiuiug "peed in obaaing. 

Belleville boileraM^Sted in the Pou^trfiil and Tirvihte, and 
bj boilers of thii typo were pFevioualy tried in the Sharptlnytet^ 
a alatement ol the resnlta obtained in that veuel will form 
a naefol pfolimicary. The SbarfthooUT i% fitted with eight 



I 

I 



May 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE ENGINEEE. 



45 



I 



BelUrill* boilen, baving- n beating aurfftce of 7,700 aqoare feet, 
ftnd |[rat« HttrfBOe of 270 Biqaam l'?pt,. The ainOLii]'f< gf hF&ting 

Kod graie BnrfM<^e -^em- antK>t(*d Jiidepeiid«Dt1j of tlie oi&ziuiiiii 
power of tbe engineg arigi'niill}' Htt«d, iitid baiSers "itre put in 
of ». tiis auilable to Mpece sTBilable. After the boilera were 
fldod on botEd, a teries af « vsp'Oiation riiali nero msc?e ai rBlee 
of co&l conBaaptioa lar; log from 91^ Ibn. to 1843 llw. prr 
aqnftre foot of grate, nitb tbe reeul.W ationti on Tslile I. The 
two trista at about ISi lbs. per equere fuct at irrnl?, and cf 
avTW to cigh.t bears' daration, gave 9 lbs- cl ttpotu f?er lb. of 
WeUh coal from a tepippretin? of feed of 60 Heg. ?TnporRted »% 

S66 ^ng-, or 196 Iba. prfasnrp. The tetA trne meaAurvd tbcoagh 

•pooiA] tonki, and oarafDl watching of tfa» eeparatoTB »bowi>d no 
iraMrpBMiog over from lb« boilen to the eogjtiea. Ataboot 



WHB Daintaiii'ed with all bailers in vas, the cual cuoBaniptioa 
being S'd>J lbs. per I.U P. per tour, and 245 lb«. per aqDHfe foot 
of grate. As tha oatcome of a disetitaioD id Parliaiu^'bt this 
Tf'aeel vaa rirdered To (>any iMit a Barif'S of trial*, mch aitendia^ 
ov«ir I.OCfl nautical Diile«. to tmC the «tidumii?e of tbe boilera 
their anil ability for mamenvring the sbip, ainJ the ooDaamplioa 
of fnel at varions ponera. Tliia diatance, too, uaid up aeari; all 
I he co&l coiiveairmlfaccFMible To avoid riak at failtun of tbo 
eng'iDrn, which are of 7017 ligbt caaatmotion, it iraa dooi'iled to 
□s<- odIt ail boilers for tbe»e ti-iala oot of the Qiifbt fitted. 

Eigbt Irtftla were mBde, each of l.OOO mileB. u'l-d occupving 
fri'Ri 4^2 ta 69 Ihooira «ach, and one (the first) of 7O0 
tnilea, wliiob wsb thoi sburtened on aoooaat of log. Four 
were at 1,550 I.E.P., giviag about tbeaame jiioportion of boiler 



BTXPOB<nvE TatiLs 01 



TABLE T. 

'SBjkiiP9:Eovri;ii" WITH Fcjur Belletille Boilsu ik TlnYi, hayiho 1 Total Ox.*Tlt S>ik»ci or 
115 Squase Pbet. avo Hbatino Subkici of 8,8IS S^uaiib fmr. 





Steam Preaanre 
(b/ Gsogo). 


T«iiiperntnrai]f 


Coal burnt par 


Ltia. ot tfatcr eraiamwd par lb. of OwL 


Uoratiai) of Trial. 


Feed Waberiu deg. 
Falir. 


ISqitaje Foot of Gnte 
per Hour. 






Aotnal. 


?r«tn andniai3°Fkhr. 


Honra. 


Lba. 




Lba. 


Lba. 


Lb*. 


& 


209 


&0 


ISS 


9'ii7 


lO-l 


i 


1S4 


SO 


1943 


yo7 


Ul 


7 


1»B 


60 


19'4 


90 


u-o 


S 


IBS 


SI 


Ig«9 


B'5 


10-* 


8 


19T, 


51 


9- IV 


8-64 


10-5 


ft " 


319 


W 


12 1 


8-88 


100 



TABLB II. 
H,U.9. " Sharmhoosbs " Bp«cul Sba Tbuls. 



Dale. 



D istan ee ' Durstion 
Ban. of Trial. 



Sotnre 
of Trial. 



IndicnlAi! 
power. 




COAL, 



Grata L7"^' I 

in uae. I ^.'"''^ 
■n □aC'. 



Total 

daring 

Trial. 



Per 

*i ft. 

of Grate 

per 

Hour. 



Par 
I.H.P. 

par 
Hour. 





18»G. 


Uilei. 


Honra. 


' 






Sq, fu 


Bq. ft. 


Tona. 


]iba. 


Lba. 


1 


Jane 20 to S2 


B93 


48^ 


Be& 


],6B3 14-3 6 


SOS 


B.no 


6» 


144 


1-87 


2 


Joao 2S to lUi 


1,000 


m 


Ben 


1.6'l!> Hi 6 


208 


B,no 


SI 4 


14-fi 


1-91 


H 


Jnl]r3t«6 


t,000 


finj 


Bin 


l,K9 lfi-0 ti 


808 


6.770 


BQS 


16 '0 


807 


i 


July 11 to 14 


1 000 


fW 


Sea 


1,5U 14-7 9 


SOS 


B,770 


91-8 


14 9 


IS* 




J»U 19 to S3 


Triul nbnDdOD^<t 


ua epniitiDt of ^tS areatbnr,. ' 












A 


Joly 2S U.31 


1,000 


Cfi^ 


Hon 


1 ,804 14 9 e 


209 


6,770 


lOS-t 


178 


1-02 


6 


Aofrtut 7 to 11 


l.POO 


mid 


.Sea 


1.820 


U-i 6 


208 


3,770 


10.12 


Ifl'S 


i<a4 


7 


Sept. 18 to 21 .- 


1.000 


(th 


Stn 


2,016 


15-ft B 


203 


6,770 


105-1 


17-9 


L'8 


8 


S<ipt. 28 to Oot. I 


l.CK'O 


53i 


Bei 


2,037 


ifi'7 ' a 


208 


6.770 


10.1-2 


180 


I'TH 


» 


Oet S to IB 


1,000 


62 


Boa 


2,Wl 


ifl-i ' fi 


aos 


8,770 


103-4 


lS-8 


1-73 



t 



the BAMf t.iini* aama ainilar erBrporntion triala weire made od the 
ayliDdri(''''J boilera of other abipn. anii the renDlta, in reirard tn 
««aponition of water per lb. "f fuel were aliffbtly nndST thnae 
with the Belleville bnJIer. TJiia point ia not tnsierBil on here 
fiirtber tbau to itate that the triar* abowtjd as do digadTaTitage 
in, point of economy woold ancrna from thu use of the BelleviLle 
boiler. MooH. Bisbeo, the Director of the Heacatenea Marilini«a 
Oo.| slio. in a letlar pabliahedl aome time since in the pro- 
taMriaual proaH, statea hia -iporieiof to bo that llltl« or no 
diffw^Tioe Ln. GcouOfny enipta bntweno thft BflleFille and 
cyliodrieal bftilw. (See EHyincmnfl, January lOr.h, 18116 ) 

Od the Shurpihotitn'i ei^ht honra' trinl at aes. to mrrcapoiid 
with the nntoral draD|;ht power of thH locomotive hnilera 
orfRitially fitted, 2,613 I.E. P. wu matntai'ied irith nil the 
hotlera in use. the coal conaiimption b^-ing 1-99 Iba. per I.IT.P. 
par hour, and 19*4 Iba. per eqnare foot of rata. Ttiia wna fol- 
lowed hy a Ibiee boura' trial at higher ponrer, whea 3,2SO I.H P. 



aaifaae to I.H.P, aa fa provided for tie cotitiBUOiia steuniDe 
poweri(l«.r«0 l.H.P.j of Pamz-rful a.TkA TtrrihU. T*o of ttem 
were at about 1,800 I.H P.. two othara abmit 2.00(1 1.H.P., and 
the final trial at about 2,21)0 I.H.P.. the latcar ^ivin^ tha a&ma 
proportion of boiler hnrfwo to I.H. P. ai that eorrMpaading to 
25,000 l.H.P. in PoxetrM and TtrribU. All tbeae triala wem 
carried, out with perfect aaweBB aa rpR-ard.g (he boilfrs and ail 
their atlint!B, and the roaniBarnBn *( bh<; ebip a« aJIeoted hy tbe 
boiler*. The few small repiirs d(>rie were (if a trivial oharsBtei'. 

From Table II. it will he aetrti that the couatiiupiioD of (m«,1 or 
thew nine triala ftremL'fid 187 Iba. per l.H.P. per boui^, iha 
loireit being on [he Qnal Lrial, viz.. 1*73 Iba. 

The many ^ood taotioal points proveit to be p oiBoaasdhy theis 
boilera n««d not be reiterated here) they are 'uflioientiy iuJi- 
outed it) the footnote to Table Tl., rontainitig tbs report of vhe 
Domrnaading officer of the SAnrpihoorTT, attd no doubt Admiral 
FitzCenitd will dual more fully with tbeae poieta. Ooe may 



46 



THE MAKINE l^NGHNEER. 



[May 1, Ili97. 



perlia.pi be ni«iitiaD»d ; t!ie qninImeBB of aotlon at these boilers, 
*■ ID thcHHe of the «ma.ll'tube I^p^, ih duo to cha xmall qasntity 
of wmMr tb«7 coatain. tbes^atetu of laedisg eimploj'ecl eaabling 
the boilera ui bf iforked wUb. perfect aafetj. Butt to resdiiy 
mpnud to the demaDdg mnde oa tliem. 

Th« pDieer/ul luid 'i'errililt are ilBPignod to attain * maxinmrn 
|i6w(r or25,00I) I,B.F. foi abort periodsi s-nd a »oDtiiiii'>aB eeii- 
going powef of 18,000 I,H P, far na loi>(r as tbe coal lasts. Tq 
inauM tb&l tbeae eoDditioaffwoDldfce faimied, ttiatrmk B[iAoifi«d 
were tiafoliowB: — 

|L) An eight honra' IHnl, dmriai; the Hrat four buura devslo])- 
iBg not 1«SB thao 25.000 ].H P-, and during ihe Heoond (our 
'kann not loMthan 2a,0O01.H.P. 

(3) A SOhoora' trial, nininteiiuiy; not leflatbOD IS.OOO I.H.P. 

To ndd to onr iaformB-tioii ita to the probatile coDBocnption af 
OOdJ BT, lowprvpQPiiB, «t« itbea crulaiog with a fleet, a third triul 

Wft* Bpeoifisd, vix.. : — 

[3J A ao honrn trial, doHng which a power of 5,000 I.H.P., 
or 20 per cent, of tbe foil power, was to Iw uaintBia^d. On the 
tvi> 1aBt<ii&iL.ed triula the (•oal coniDiDptioii waa lo bn carefolly 
ntPUored, and lbs evaporators wara T^quirrd to msintBin tbe 
water laral in (be boilem and feed t«Dl(«. foil thoa ma^o tip all 
waele, ao that tbe- coal meaiiurvd would iocLadadiHtilliD^.elmtrio 
liphti and k11 other Buulinrj seiricPB nf the t-blp tbkt are ii«c«b- 
ntv wbep steaDki>'|t IrT proloriged perioda. 

The Hpg-inp prfseui* BpeoiBfld wep Hi! lb*, per Mjuiare iDcb. an 

ifi^reaaC' of 60 Ibe, beyond tbnl ot tile TesaelH immediataJy pre- 



ceding chenn. Ttaia tncresae waa mada to ta^kn advantage of tlw 
apwiul faatur« of tbe botler^viV., it« a.diLptnbi]it^ to tbe aae of 
tilgb Bteam pr&MurM. and thaa to redoes the siie of the eugiine 
rpquired fur the Enaitmum power, and to secure eoonu'inir. Two 
low-preBBuro cyliDdcTB wero fitted, tti« engine bein^ of the lonr- 
rvlinder tripie-eipaBaion tjpe, "ith dimeoaionB BBfoIlowar — 
E.P. DfLIndeT, 4& io, diameter; l.F. ofHiider, 70 in- diametgr ; 
two L.P, cjlindem, B&oh of 76 in. diameter, witii Btroke of -Ir ft. 
and «i deaigri^d cat-oS in the K P cylinder or74'S per cent. The 
ektreme ratio of ojliuders ia5'7 ; 1, Aliowia^ Tor cteii.ra»i7ee in 
H.P. o^lindprs of 25 and 31 pier cent, in the fewtrfal and Ten ihU 
re8p°ati*elj. ibe rani ratioe of etpanaion a.t the full powera were 
about 6-62 and 608. 

The cjlinderB are arranged in botL ahipa with tbe bigh- 
prppBurea forward and the iwo lovr-preexDrea aft, but the oraolcf 
dI ib« ea^iDeB ex« vomt^wliat d>Berentl; diepoeed with regard t<v 

^jLch Qtber. In thi PowerJuJ the two luw-preaaure ctiiqIch ar« 
oppciaito One ftnOthpr, ODd the high-preaaure h.ali intat-m^diaW- 

pt^Bfturo ai^ also oppoalte «noh eth«t-, ha*, at right Bbglea to the 
low.precaure orank:^. Id the Terrible the four oranliH are plaired 
conaeeat ively at ripht anglM with each otber. The confili!)K 
bolta of the ehafta areurriinged in both ships tti admit of ?aria 
lion in the diapoaitinii at the rrankei Aa ri^arda vibratii.nof 
ship, of wbioh there nna but little, and thM <■n^y at from do to 
DS r«TolatiooB, the triala showed tbal the Pu\c£rfut» waB the 
mole deairabte arnLD|:e'mBDt. 

Ab regards the engicea, aevecal triaU we-M made to overoome 



table: hi. 

Mrak REnu'i.Ta or trk Tsttts of H.U.S. " FowsarnL " kVt> " Tbrbcblk," utd Two TasaKta -with Cti-imjiucal Hoiuaa 







1 J 


.. ^& 




1 








3 






Blenin Pke- 


Solars 














D 






■lire 


ilalkcl 


Pr»-»arBB 


Keaelver I'lcaluivi 


% 




Ptapor-i " 






(b; (Jang.), 


(bj Oang-l- 1 


(bj Q-Hge). 


■ 




U' II at a 








° = t « x 








r 




Call S 














Manic 41 Ship, 


Dcaorlptiou of Trial. 


»e- 53 


'irui: BfuMtiB 








1 






■Igned S,^ 


AKB InSurJiioB 






M si . 

1° 5|g 












m 


L 




Da- 1 
Talopcd. ^ 

1 ° 
1 6 




















1 








Batltn. 


i 


H.P. 


I P. 


li-P. 


B.P. 


LP. 


•L.r. 


1 






SB 










- = ;<»' 








i 


1 








aq. IX. 


iq. Ik 


Iba. 


Iba. 


lb*. 


ibi. 


lb*. 


Iba. 


iba. 


Ita. 


Iba. 


Iba. 


fowtrfvi 


SO boon' ooal oon. 




1 
























samptioD 


■801 [ 16 

1 


7M 8S.£00 


SSG 


160 





25 


82 


as 


13-7 


192 aft 


-{*-a) 


Do. ... ... 


30 boure' coal ooa- 


■ 




















■ • 


aamption .,, 


■788 


48 


S.200 07,600 


£32 Ib6 


8 


SS 


127 


4a. u^e 


1»' £1 


L03 


m " 


tlDtDlFCPBaful (nil 






























■- 


power .. .., 


... 




-ha 








-■- 




■ ra 


■ a. 


-t' 






... 


■ 


1 Firat 
Full \ 4 honni 






























F 


1*03 


48 


2,800 67.800 


257 


207 


4 


94 


177 


SS 


12-2 


soe 


fW 


15 


Do. 


power 1 ISeoond 
V 4 boora 






























■900 


M 


2,200 67,800 


m ibT 


2 


as 


167 


47 


189 


182 


04 


lE-S 


TtTT^k 

Do. 


BO hoon' eoal eon. 

namption 
30 hoora' oqbI oob- 


j-aos 


(16 
to 

t SO 


7S3 '22,fiOO 
r<i to 
916 S&.'i'ifO 


F2O8 162 


18 


2B 


82 


34 


»-fi 


140 


}2 


!■« 


aumplioD 


•74 


i% 


8,200 ib7,t«0 


223 IGf> 


93 


ca 


194 


4e 


las 


19S 


&a 


18-S 


V 


; Pi rat 
Full \ 4 honr« 






1 




















■■ Do. ... ... 


1026 


4S 


3,200 67,800 


229 


197 


18 


4S 


159 


GO 


11-7 


IM 


^0 


S84 




power 1 Second 

\ 4 hoara 
























• 






■895 


4B 


2. ZOO 67.-b0O 


226 


186 


28 


52 


160 


46 


11-4 


180 


«fi 


IB 


Becent repreepntBtire 


30 bonra" coal eon- 




























battleetip 


aninplion 


■G16 


S 


620 S6,U4e 


138 


130 


IB 


40 


133 


40 


loa 


136 


87 


>-6 


Do 


B h«iira' natnrft] 






























riraogbt 


■872 


8 


620 S5,<H£ 


150 


148 


6 


SO 


138 


17 


7-7 


14b 


E6 


IM 


Do 


4 bouiB' fnll po*T«r 


■023 


» 


820 |8C,04G 


152 


147 


6 


28 


H6 


49 ia-1 


14.7 


&9 


lS-6 


Bec»t>t r«pTeeentaIii-ft 
Zn'i-claw craiBer 


30 hours' coal co&- 
flDilnpt'un 


\ 'B13 a 


Baa 18,700 


14E> 


143 


3 


"i 


Not 
need. 


l^s 


6'S 


141 


16 


6-5 


Do. ... 


a hoora' natnral 
draiiR h t 


\ -855 8 


626 i 18.700 


14ti 


140 


4 


"[ 


Not 
tiaed. 


|b6 


13 S 


14S 


j 55 


10 


Do 


4 hoara' full pawn 


Jl-Ms! 8 


esfi iH.7(» 


101 


147 


7 


■4 


Sot 
ustd. 


|P6 


18-6 


146 63 


IS 



(oj Al G3-41 ri»v<^loUoi)B, (b) At H)Z-73 leTolnlloiia. (c) At Oft 71 nTolabiDni. There wh a atcoag itibd oa Uia 



May 1, 1S97.] 



THE MAEINE BNOINEEB. 



47 



diffienltJM of detail; nfter tbe DooegHEiry adjaglmentB were 
oumvleted everything worked verf entisfiicUtrily. 

All tbe DjliniierB Are Hteum jaokticd, the jacket reducing 
TslreB m eech Bbip beinK loaded to lOO Iba, in tbo case of tbe 
iittenuedJAte oylimlerB and 25 tbp. foe tbe loir-presaiiie ujlinilerB. 
TLo higL^preaaiLro cjliudem are jaekc'ted nitb ntcAia of '210 Ibe., 
!,«., nitli steam laliea from the engine side of tbe main rcduoing 

Couiicg DOW W tho boilara. these are 48 in cumber, alter- 
iiftl«Iy of Bevan nod ei^hl elemenU uaob. Ope-lbird cf the 
lx>ilerN ere Hrrimged with tnbes alh wardship at the furirBird end 
of tte TMeeli in foar waWrtighl com|tartmeQl«r while tbe 
tttmtiiuiiiy liHo-ibirda are placed with tabes fore bud eft in fifur 
other watertight com pBrtiD«Dte betweeu tbe former and tho 
et]gia«-rQ>:>ni»- Aa regitrde tb? l«eda of feed aod »t«nia pip^e, 
ibo builtra are iliTid^d into «» iliitiDot grti^PB] w>tl> a aepa- 
rkte Bt«tlin tied leed Aeteiee tu s&ch ^r<>up. The liX eiMn 

■ituis pipes iu« Cftvried tFt to tho forward bulkhead ol' the 
•ntfine-iuom, tLrae on eaota Bide of tbu middle' liii« of tbe ship, 
with a at«p valve □□ each at this balkhead. 

Ti<e total hefttiu)^ BQrfuc« of the boiJeiti ie 67,600 eqnare feet, 
■nU tbe grate surface '2,200 aqoare feelj the builei' preatnire iB 
26dlba. per equore ii.cb, reducing vi^lvee beinK fitted in the 
BDgiue raome to limit the ecgiae preasum to '210 Ibe. per bqaare 
iaoh. The «<■ tnaia feed puicpB ai e plac«d iit the &n.)tiii«-rvomB. 
Thtre aJe ei^ht aux-iliury feed |hijiapF>, ocLtr m efioli boi^er-i^ioiu. 
In additioti to the stokehold ranii, nfeceeaaJ j to enante & ooneiant 



aapptj of air from th-B npper dock ie all oircomitancMi ot 
weather, ur-blowiug enginee fur the porpoae of BuppljmK tir In 
jets to mix tfai* lOTDooe gaaea and Mtiet the coinbiution nm 
l)tt«d. 

Experience <pith teeee boilers bad previouBly abofni that, to 
Bevure effioievt teaulta l\>v- fiiea Bhould be atoked at rognl-ar 
iDtervala, &nd kept light id new af the faint tbat pructioalJj u-uly 
Che fiinoBl draught was available. For thm purpose slocks w-^ra 
filed ill the Bt«kehotdB nod tbe twc> furnace doars in each boiler 
Mere fiTe-i alt«rtiaielj at icl«Fvale of aboitt foar or five uiinatMi, 
thna the lire was repleiiUhetl eTurj ei^bt or ten miJiatea. Siubt 
tadlea are provided to tbeemoke-boK casiORB tfaroii|;b wbich ibs 
tirea oun l>e obserTed, Air )i;BiigeB cee be inserted in thead b!v M 
holaa U) aatrertain the pccBG.are of the gaam uver the fires, 'I ha 

Bm(MiD,t of QOEit bm-aC at (hQ triale uF 1.9,000 1-H-I*, and gving 
waa aeoertuiiied lj lalljiag and weit;hiDg cbdc biictcet in thtsif. 

A labulated list of th& partiotiLara of th& trials of the twaaliipa 
is Mivuu in Table 111. 

Tho liriit trial to be mnde was that of the TtrrihU at a 000 
I.H.P., or 20 pet cent, nf full poner. On thii trial the f.>il 
coosnniplloQ wbb higher than aotii'ipated, dnein a lar^e meiiiiire 
to irreijQitu' etokinK, and to gome ioterual defects of the engines 
which were aabaeqn'iiiitLy remormi. The ttlal of the Poirerjul, 
whioh tooh pW'e hhvrtiif aft^cwaida, gave mav'' better leeoU- ad 
far mi th« oonsQinptipii of coal wbb o^nwrned, tbe Btoki'ig in thia 

oaae helEj^ dutj^i ib the regular maiiTier above dtSOflb^^. 1 \m 

cooi nmptton [ler l.H.P. per hour waa 2 '06 lbs., and Cht« oompares 



TABLE n\.—0i>ntinu9d. 



ll*sa Efledtfvr PrrUDtet in tb* 

CyUndeiB. 


Mean 

Cat Off 

III tbe 

a.p. 

Cjlin. 
itr. 


Vaou- 
iim In 
Cdci- 

dunanB, 


BevalU' 

ti-'Otol 

Main 

Ebgiaiiei 

pel 
HiDitM. 


I.H.P. 

(Total). 


Uaae 

Efleo- 

tlv« 

Pre«- 

lOie 

ttltmA 

to tllB 

L.P. 

Cj-lin- 

a»r- 


f 

"1 


Total 

of Ex- 

piKnion 

oa 

Trittl. 


Ooal nwd per 

bani. 


Pmjell*™. 1 


BpK'd ocp 

Mco»- 

urcd 


B.P. 


I. p. 


UP. 


pT ail. 

ft,ei 


Fbt 

I.H.P. 


Dlan- 

■tn. 


Pltob. 


BIlpPBr 

Oaot. 


pftDdod 

Blude 
Eaoti. 


Uleor 

Ii..cpSei. 


-sr -* 




i^ 


lbs. 


Iba. 


lbs. 




Ins. »I 
aera'rr 






IbB. 


Iba 




Ibi. 


Ibi. 


\t\. Ids. 


fl bu. 




• 


knirta. 


3s-es 


11-63 


>6'89 


6-47 


•42' 


169 


e7-2fi 


S.044 


17-0 


e-0 \ 9-T7 


142 


206 


IB fl 


23 H 


10-S 


7S 


L4-347(a] 


bB&-G(i 


27 S6 


14-15 


14-M 


■595 


26-6 


lOZ-M 


18,159 


40'& 


12-6 17-74 


La4 


i^sas 


" 


II 


IS'B 


Hf 


2[>-957(4 




... 


... 


"" 


■■■1 


.,. 


112-30 


24,796 


.., 


... ' 


,,. 








16-a 




S&036 


^S7 


40-48 


17-&4 


17-8 


-74 


96-0 


114-46 


35,000 


514 


17^7 1 8'BS J 


Nat 
tttken 


]■- 


>l 


l> 


18-5 


»P 


21-8 


8B-7« 


set' 22 


*6-09 


l«-ll 


■B9 


3e'l 


109-82 


2a,7ae 


471 


lS-7 1 6-96 J 


Not 
taken 


1 

r 
j a-fl 




■1 




11 


\ tafctn 


^ichw 


IVll 


frS7 


6-aa 


■278 


26^8 


64-42 


5.47B 


17-9 


fi-a io-8t5 


tS-1 

to 

14-fi 


II 


Si 


110 


92 


ia'484{ii) 


74-17 


B8-S^ 


15-49 


16-S9 


'6CS 


S&'S 


103-7 ',18,500 


J0-« 


16 1 7-0 


14-4 


1-71 


n 


Tl 


14'4 


I 


aO-964('t) 


86-78 


3S-B1 


21-07 


21-79 


■788 


85-9 


112 


2fi,&lS 


52-1 


189 6 0«} 


Not 
taken 


J ■■■ 


■ 1 


II 


137 


11 


aa-41 (f) 


SO'91 


32-17 


18-4 


lt)-13 


■69 


26'0 


I0S-S9 


22,S70 


46-7 


17-016-89) 


Not 
tabra 




«i 


1-I 




„ 


*i<.t 

taksi] 


8S-t3 


19-00 


8-68 


■565 


27-7 


&2'91 


6.31& 


za-a 


sj ... 


1B^8 


1.62 












4BE4 
U-li 


S6-0T 


1313 ! r339 
14-6H , -V07 


-35 '6 

9IJ'4 


97 16 

101-iS 


10.4S5 : 3-1*3 
12.280 38-.( 


117 ,„ 

l*-0 ... { 

7-9 ... ^ 


29-5 


8' 3 












«8-» 


18'&5 


8-9 


■89 


2S-6 


117-85 


4,«96' 84-7 


taken 
la-fl 


s 
I'6 












M-0 


40-45 


LSl'S 
13-6 


63 

(-76, 
J to 


28'1 
279 


ISRIS 

144-95 


S,308 
!9,a40 


S6-R 
40-1 


11-2 1 ... 
141) ... { 


28'B 

Hot 
taken 


2-3 













bow during tbU trial. {*) At lca-4£ rerolotions. <e) At 112*25 revolutioDi 



48 



THE MAKINE ENGINEEK. 



[May 1, 1897. 



Tavonrbbly witli older en^nai Kt Khs iHina puroentags or iJieir 
full poHsr. It Diuitt be romembei^ thut od tlieae Irittla tbo 
tiiginvH nuie norlliitg' al odI^ 20 pur c«iit. of fall poiver, and 
ihtdt tbe ooal iMussmpMoii iucludes thett (or eiecLria ligbuii); uf 
TMBol. ii.Eikiij< op WMUi uf leud nubar, itnd all olihiar ausiliacy 
B-— eifpw, »-Liob aooonnt for a 0UD8i4»r«l>le prvpoj-tiou «[ the 
Wtal GO»l ^ip^Tidijil wlien tb« iilH>D e>Lg:iii<3H aie exertiug low 
puWsrs. 

The trials nt 18,000 I.K.I', wers mndo to leat the working and 
cuaI ouiiHampuun bl the oautiiioanii Bua-going powur. TbiB 
speciQed power ia 72 per oeni. of ihe maiimuiD. Tb« out'oS to 
ttie iiigb>preS'Ure ujlioderE waj ptuctlcnlly *6 io botli abLpa. 
Prom Tkble 111. it, will be seeo that about ia,SO0 l.Il.P. nM 
realiaed in eaob vessel, ibe ooul loiiKiimpLioii, iooludiug all 
ftululisiT nock, beiufi i'83 lbs- ia P«H'tr/»t and 1-71 lbs, in 
Tfrnib, tbe pruportion ol thu iDnliaeil puwc'r to the 'd'esigiitid full 
power bAiug 71 per Dacjt- 'Pakibg lati) tLOCODUt the fiffs^t uf 

clBATanop, lbs rhtioa- (>f exi^aiiHioii of the btBB,Di on thiaie ttia.\a 
-re 7'73 aod 7*0 in tha Puirrfful atid TtTrihle reHpBCt.ivelj. Tbo 
final praaiures of cbe ateaui iu tbe two caaeii wera 12'6 and 15 lbs. 
absolute i o«pec(iiTelj. A leas oontuioptioti Of coaJ per l.S.F. 
per hour may roaaonabl; be «ipeoC«d at lonec poners — nay, 
ftt 60 p«r com. of the niraiLmuni nith the eagtiies fnrtber linked 
upi i'be uual coaauioptioii oompareii faTourablf nitb th»t of 
fflticc vQHoU m ibv Barvioe at tbo B^me perceDLas^ of tb^ 

Tno Qxaiuplet, wLioL ure a^erflgee of tli"ir r^fipeotive tfpes, 
Biay betakuQ, in leceot batilealiipa HiLh 1£D lbs. steam prea- 
inre at iba bnj^ei, tbs mean ooal ountiuaptioii at ao a«en^ 



at an early dole to mako fai-ther trials on tbe measured mila to 

doLerriiirm thie luid otliur queaLiona. Tm jiLcIcet preesnrs* 
recoidnd aie luwer thai) were inteaded to have biiea aMd, bat it 
was tbouicht by tbo contrive to ru adviiiable Io nse theaa fittiogs 
niili oantian tiiid this oouree was Jk^reed to> 

Od comparing bba diat^ama of tha (no seH of tiioia, a.ran,gi> 
speuimeiM of wLii;!! aiq giveui it will be Ktnta tbat tbe m«aD fall 
It pra&surs oa tha fall ponet triala frdm (iie b-i^h presBttre 
receiV6f to tbe cylindt'r itt the commetioeneTit of the stioke i» 
about 4 lbs. in. tha Pcnecr/nl, aud ahoat IH bbs. is the TmibU^ 
If no tnka tho full of preunra to the raiddis of tlie admiaaiaii 
linoH of th» diagrniDH, tbe redaotioas of prdiBore ace about 
94 Iba. Bod 42 lbs. reapecttTsly. TbU diTergeoce oocora, nltlioa.);!) 
the mreaa for tbe adtniasbn and p«lBBl^(e uf steam LhroBKh tha 
cylinder porw ar» largarin tbe Tftribit tban iu tbe Pi>(opni«J. 

ThiBdifFerenceiaHtill morti markodl od the trial a( IS.OOU J.H.P. 
The fall of presBurtt frcm ceoei»ec fiom H.P. oyluider uI Cbs QOtn- 
ni«i)'Oeinuiit ol lLa fatroke is ^boiic K Ibe. in tbe Pviperful and about 
33 lbs. in tha T;prtMc>, and Cbkio); tbe fall of presBurd totbemjddla 
of llie adniibBiuu lines of r.he' diagraniB aa twforo, it is about SS 
lbs. and 53 lbs. io tbu two abipa reapeutively. 

It ii (.-oaaidenid tbat tbe cnntparatively large Ims of presaure 
in Lhe TtrribU ia doe principally to tbe amali amount al load 
giTOD to the Tdlve, uxid to tlie la'ger olaarauoe spaU'CB iu thio B.P. 
cylinder. Tbiawill be fnrtLor iiivBHtijj-Bted wh^n the ahip is 
eiu[;l()yi:<t «ii ni^iiUr aer«iOB. lii full gear the ratio of lead to 
inaxiiGtini op^nin^ ia '3S in the Poverfui and '14in the Terrible, 

One otbeE comi'BrJBUu, nbiob may bo of inltjceat, is giveo in a 
tabular form aa. folIowB :— 





CaUtAliATIVf WaiBBTB fin I.II.P. WII-S SiCBHT DllHIBNB. 












A, 




a. 


1 




D 














ija.p. 




I.H.P. 


ToUl Weishl 


1JI.P. 


■ SUp. 


lDdI««I«l 


Vsiglit »l 


t.B.r. 


Wdgbt tt 


-n«T ToQ at 


WMght er 


per Tun 


of Mua 


per Ton 


HorM^poTer. 


Hncilii- 


p»rTon 


FrOpeLIeti, 


B, 


B>-ilan and 


ol a. 


Bt&chiaarr 


alD. 


r 




p«7 in 


ai h.. 


Ak. 




Fitttnc*. 




■nd BOilar* 








Bint, HtOA. 




Ton*. 


. 






-A+B+R 








TDIil. 




Torn, 




luni. 




Average of tbr«e teceat ( 


10,0U0 (N.D.) 


4154 


3243 


9ee 


ioa'« 


728-IH 


IS-76 


\lS&'hl 


7-9 


battleahipe ... ... ^ 


12,000 (RD.) 




2(i9S 




ia4'36 




1S-B2 




»'46 


Pmeerfv'l 


ZS,000 
Compared with 


789'E 


3166 


192-72 


129-7 


IISS-OS 


21-61 


Bl 44-27 


U.V 


Peroentage of iootease ... r 


N.D. 
Oom pared with 

P.D. 




17-66 




4'8 




56 

SO-8 




1 



of Sfi-C per cent, of the maximnm power in fonr vesaela wiaa 
2'3£ lbs. on IriaJe of eiebb bonra' duration, Bbd at ol-ij per c»nt. 
the moan reaulitB riom eeven veeaela gare 1'73 lbs. per I. H.P. 
petlioorOo trialeof 3D hottra' duTfttion. In renentaeoood-claae 
oraijerB, iiao witL 160 I ba. ateam pre^qare at tbo eaiiiDe«, ibe 
nean ijnal cunBumptioD in sis Teasels at an hVarAge of 66-8 per 
wnt. of maxlmiim poiver was S'LB lbs. ob «igbt bonra' trials ; 
and in ntn^Teaaela at 51'1 per oent. of maiimnm power it was 
1-fil lbs. per l.H.P. por hour on thirty honra' trials. In Tiaw of 
tbeso flguies, tbe coal oousumptioo at 74 per ohjui. of maiinLUm 
pOTi-oi-— via., 1-3S Iba. and l-7l lbs. in the Pou-erfvi and Ttrri/iU 
Tasiimtivelj — ia BBtiataolory. 

On the foil power trials Lhfh 26,000 l.H.P. specified wae exotreded 
bj 900 in the Pover/iil and 619 in tbe Territle. Tba epeed of 
21-8 linitta ia recordtd on the full power trial of 25,900 in tbe 
Poaer/vl, bat as tbe urestbei condiciona wero not faronrnble, it 
is CLUaideifd the irue speed in amooth nater wonid have boine 
the same propoitioii lo revolution* per minute as that obtained 
on the preTiona triuls of Ootuber 21flt, 1830, nben from an l.H.P. 
of Zi.TfltJ, and Il2-3'J revoIutionB, a apoed of 2203 knot* was 
obtained ac the everag-e of three runs over tbe same 2a-kuut 
toiirae. Tbe Bpeoil iriala (it 6,000 LB.P- were made over the 
neBHnreill mile iu Stfikce Bay : bat thoae at 18,000 1,H.P. and 
2&,000 l.H.P. were made <'Ter tbe SS^knot oourte b«twwn Kame 
Head and Dodmitn Point. 

II will ba seen from Table III. that the bdkw prapetlBra of 
the Ino afaipa diltTered considerably iu blade area, but the 
coiidiiioiiH of ireather on thi> high puntr trjala pFecIuded au 
sbtolucacoEDparitonbeingniadeof their eflioiency. it jg intended 



Tbe weiKht of maohinecy of the ^ourr/'u; at 26,000 l.H.P. aa 

compared witi tho«B of three reoout bntbloahipB at 1U,000 I.HiP,, 
their oBtural draught paver, thowx tbo iiicrea>»e of l.H P. p^ 
tion. weight of boilers to be 56 per oant. Tlie welgbteof auiitiarj 
maohii'Ory, ^vh a« steariog, capEtan, oleotrio light, distilling, 
lie,, not direittly connected with the main propelling maabiaBry. 
ai-sDot ill eluded . 

On referring to Tabls III. it will be sesn that a large area dt 
Qre-grata to l.H.P. ia obtained wiih this Urire tube type of 
water-tube boiler, a Eaotor of considerable advantage in tha 
maictennnoo of power lor long perioda. The Bell evil l« systein 
of Botumiitic Eeoding haa been deaotibed elaowhero, sod it n«M 
only be etated hero that it aneweted pcirfeutly on thaie trials. 

Tbroaghout tha triale tbt? hehB.Tiour of the boilers was «b- 
tirely aatiiffaotory, and they fully teatiaedl tbe eipsotations of 
the Admiralty. PracLioft.lly, no defecta ware dewloped in tba 
boilera. A few l<^ad plu^s were blown out is one vessel, wbloh 
waa ftcoountml for by their being too liioaely fitted, ».Qd when 
leQtted tbey gave no trouble. A small ouppar pipe oonneoting 
tbo feed reifutator witb tbe loner part of the element of on* 
boiler gave way, and had to be renewed. Ueyond this thar* 
was no trouble of any kind with the boilersi When working a,t 
tbo higheat power" the deoka and oaaioga in tbe vioinity of tha- 
uptpki^B were h«aled to an Qndeainible estftnt, bnt wben lagping 
wa« fitted, aa had bbon originally provided for in tba ap«oiGcNk- 
tion, there was no further triiublt) from this cause. 

RefoniDioB is made id tbe eurlv part of thia paper to tba 
Bucceaa wbioh haa ^.tteiided tbe itiaLitllation o-f tbe amali tuba 
type of water-LQba boiliir in the Spoedy, and wbioh is now 



I 
1 
I 

I 

i 



May 1, 1S97.J 



THE MAKINE ENGINEER. 



49 



Slt«d in (lit the Teasels of the tliir.1-^lB«d cpni»»r Of Pttom*. 
trr". and alio the torpodo BoHUb. Theee ven-ists ar« »ll r»- 
qiiJFSi] to reallza > hinh poirer and speed Tcr oomparatirel; 
•tiurt poriode, and to work id cotmeclion irith a ngnadroa, ot 
ffT-iii B conveoientlj naar tMsa, where stores may be oliUiiiad 
■ti<i iJerfCta mads good. On the otber hand, jii Lh.e largor 
(Iii»«eB of TeJPcte, wfaiob. may bsfe lo Berpe rontianooilj flik 
dlHitnt BlAtionvFor one, two.gt three PcmniiMioPB, witbvat ex- 
te^•iTe f«t>&ir4 (o th« bailpTi, and for muBidvrafaW p^rigda to 
rel}~ on their own sUS te ke«p the tnMbiaMjr ttiii boiler* in 
efficient condition, Che laigB-mbe t^p^ of water-tube boiUr in 
iv^rtrded ai t be most anilabls aD(<oeB.sor to tbe (i^lindrical bDil«r, 
wbich bju been smplojed under tlieie «otiititirjiii In th» pre- 
■est atftte of our kiiowledga as to ibe beat tnekcs lo pr«aerre 
w»'er-tiihrt boiiora from riecnj, it; may bP said that the enilur- 
auce of Buah botlers ia directly dependent qh Iba (biclcitBae oF ihe 



latt«r. It may b* pointed aat that lh« ^*•>i|thl at w«ter In 
tlia -IS bcilara, of 35.000 I.&.P., nf TrrrihU ia 50 Umw. ta 
a battteahip of l^.OOO I.H.P. with f.^roo'l ilraiiiKtit. or lO.OM 
I.H.P. with iialiir«l dr^nght, with, eight <<;lii)ilric«l boilora and 
16S Ibi. pnBMare, tbe w«igbtexce«da 160 tonn. 

Objeotiooa baTB 'been raitnl to tli* greater nontWr of boiti-ra 
ioToWing •imatCTtitiinfaer'Df parlaand MiirpliraCiona tLercfma, 
trot agaioft tbia into bo vtaled \\ip.* tbe- vnTiouH pipfV (todnUrw 

are tTEiallAr, acd th«refc«T-e Diorv* «wiiy Tnaiia^trd iLDd ltA|>l Mlfbti 
and t^a grrAt^r buoiber afford a b«llFr ni«ao<' e>f adjuating Ih* 
power ofboilenin n»e for aaiiliary porpoaea or lwnliin)t firaa to 
keep enpeea warm ; and. in casa of damagii in ods bitilar. iIm> 
fraotiDD of tb* whale diMbl*«l ii nnallar ia pniportion. 

Althontrh tbe Ba11«Ti1Se h>i been adopted tor the ne«nl new 
sbipH of Her Majeflty'a Nnvy. tht> Admiralty nm nut rommf ttad 
lo this or BDj tjpe of large-Isbe boiler tor battleahipa and largs 



1 Ofts laii » 



<1 tmo in* 




Xnu.i e- M M £ 

Pavinruk.'a'^iXRiau' 



^^^^ 




li c«g I n r 



It OOO il H * 



^^^ 



HULS M H II 5 

'roiiBruL a Tkuiou* 




tubes &Tid the faoiliCLM afforded Iq tbe design for eiansination 
Knd cleanLQg. Tbe lBru.8 tube boiler, with its initially thiolcer 
^ knbea, cbq submit to a greater amoQnt. of woatsge without bo 
materiBlll; impaiiiiig its ctlideDcy or its life, 

A great advantage ia eeanred in the Inrge.tube tjpe boilora, 

•nch aa (boaa of Ibe t'oicer/vl and T^nibU, hy tbe int^etiarol ibe 

tubes bc-iiig to mud more oouTeDieotlj aud qnickl; eiUiwitivd, 

and their cocditJoo accertcLioeii, than in tbe acDKll-tubQ tjpe. 

■ Tbe whaie at the worlk of cleaning tbe itiBides aod ootkid^a ot 

Mkt tubes can bo done from the stolEohald Soor. The^e advan- 

■IILgaa are poaseased in rsj-ying degrees by other designs of the 

luf^-tnbetype. 

In aelectiug, tberefore, water-tulw boilers of tbe laTge-tube 

type for ships of, and ii bore, the aixe of second-clssH 'TTuiAerB, 

■IdTftiitagtt was nolicipated !□ poinit of endarntice com pin ruble to 

^that of tb« (^jlindricBl better, whiist cSeating a oti c el de Table 

L'tadaCLioD of weigliti due to the small quantity of wttter cftiiried 

I in bbe former sud the aroitlMlcs of tbe tbick plating of the 



oinisers. Id fact, at the preaent time thsre ia being fitted in. 
the torpedo guuboaC Seagull a net of bdilere of tho NiulauwD 
design, for ibe purpose ot obtaining itifonniktjon tta Ui i(« 
auitabilii]'. Tberf^ >eal>o on order a aeiof fnler-tube Voilertuf 

ttie BabuiK'k & WiliWi deaijgn, for tbe lOrpedo gutiboAt 

ShtJdrakr. Theie luttuf bave tiibes It! I|] in. diatnetei'. beitig 
ioterin)^diiite in tbie reap^cC betwi'CD the Inrge tube atid amall 
tube types. A similar cnurie bag been followed in regnrd to the 
Bin«ll-lDbe types of boiler, to determine whiuh arc auitable fur 

naval pni poses. 

Boroniog lo the PoKtrfvi and Ttrriblt, it Is aobmittsNl that in 
tbofe Tessals w« bikve biiLtfra whii^h will oompAre favourably 
with tbe old type«f t^^lii^diriral Ixiilers tia regonls foiiHumpLluii, 
f Dilurance, and fai^illtiea fur c xiiinioHtiian ; oud that in nil otlmr 
ruap^cta for tbcir paitiualar applicetiuu tu tlm pjrpt^ee Of a 
warship they are atiporigr. 

Finally, Ibe suCMBa of Ibi^ae trirkls ia largely diia to the entsr- 
prise ot tbd boildevs of tbe TSHftela, wbu Ibiew tbemHlvea 



50 



THE llAKIJ^E ENGINEEE. 



•May 1, 1897. 



h^BTtily tola ft con t-^alem o( bailer ooDalructioii, bdU 1 fed cer- 
Uin tbiB Id atitiitioQ will folly apprBoittLs vrlint tliej have 
ufoantplisliad , aod rpjok-e io their Huoceaa. 

To tho above ( mould hen to t>Ad my seaM vt preat indobled- 
aeaa for tbe lof bI tnaaBer in wliioh my brother offiooii of tte 
Admualty Hud aQoat, cob fo'rgett.in^ the artificerd and eliiksn, 
har^aidfrd in carrying tbis itarli to a sucoaeafal imae. To ttas 
(wtdplote ananRemeuU fur the managampiii of Lliaae aliipa ou 
the'r ttrielB, niBfJo by CuplEkin Fankes AJ\d the lieserva and Dock- 
] ard officeni, ererjtiiie vrho was prisaot. will bear vrillmg 
taitimoDy. 

ABSTRACr OPMANtEOyBISG TEfi-LS (dalaiU aUaohed) 
Skip maDCBQTKd as in ection, muL'ticcT; stiildviilf itoppi^d 
(friijneiitlr from ttill Bpead) , Btarliug Bpaio witbuut warni"K 
arter iLtervpilaoi from Ciie micotea lo 1 j houie, geltiogaway 
at fnll 8p««d tiom baaked tires. Fues nrra boiCLkod on 
December 9th ak 7 p.ni.i aod h.team ma i.Qt Hided all Dtgbb 
ab UO t<i 300 lbs., till t a.m. oatbe lOtb, irbec the abip naa 
gob under vriiy, nnd atartsd immediately at full ap«ed bad 
mauccuvre'd I'or en hoDTH. TbAra nal ao ptiming at tlia 
ecgiG-M ituiLD^ these triala. 



COPY of « L"THa frtm CtiiniDBniI>]i>! Officer of H.U B. Shcrf' 
thoo(tr, dNled De(^elIlbF^ IS-lb, IfiUS, eDoto'sed in a latldt 
from the Cornmander-in-ChLef, e( Pottijaiuutb, to the Secre, 
Lary of the Adoiiratly ; — 

I nA,TE th<> huiicQr (o repait diat, to cocnplianoo trlth Admiialty 
latter (8. U 436) uf tlio E^ih Oit'jber. 169S, t OviUd out in Her 
3Iaj«aty'e Ship aa'd-tr n j comitieod )be trisU ni««tioLe<) ia 
|'4ri*|jp aph - of Lhbt letter on thiee i>i^c>aBiOa>, Vr£, : — 

(o) At PtjrllaiLd on I'cd Dweinber nbilab at torpedo 

pracii< «. 
(i) 0(1 tbe Nab oil the LOtb D«cetubar at LoTKOb praclioe. 
{c) Ab Spibtitad on tho lli.h Deoeiu'bi:!' ab toipBiio 

piaol ice. 

In all cases the tfaip wae msrcsuTrad aa she might be in 
baitlci, tbe veasci cleared ri'rttctioii.Hiid the men nt their stalioug 
for gtutnl quBrl«r». Fnlil puver for fonr lioilera waa oaed, 
giriDg a «peed at 13^ knnti, lElO reiolutionii, and 1.4o0 LU.P. 

Tbe (olluniog □)aD<DrivreB wera practised: Sboppiogfrtquently 
fnm fuU eneed aod. ataniDg agaia. wibhoat naraiu^, after 
laterrttla of fire iiiinuie« l-o l| boQif, getting away at full Bpced 
ffOm baoked Qrev. 

&I1 that cvaa found iste^tBarf in tb» itoktholdi wifl to close 
the draaght plat«K oF the furDves, and open xide the tube boE- 
doorp, and in tbe «Dt<i'-B-rDoniB to make a mocR-rate ose of tbe 
blow-cS valrea to the coiideuteraithBB Buddeoly )ttoppiop. 'Ihere 
WHi DO priming al li\e »ngine«. Tirea irerc backed od the 9bb of 
Deoemler ab 7 p.m., steam aBlotaiii«i]aUiiJghb at ISu toSOOIba. 
tit] Sa.m. on ihe lOth, nben tbe ahip wai jrob under way and 
itaiifrd immediately ai fall speed, and maua^avEed, M ulismij 
M^Eitioiiefl, lor ers boara. On this Itial, as a preoBubiunHrj 
meaanre, a p<Uy dlfiaer wh« alBlioned at the »nparalor to untufe 
that ita bfowinx-out appaiaiafl did not fjiil, but the apparatna 
Doled nio«t aaliafactdrily, mid the services of the petty offi-uer 
Ke e not oice lefguired. Durioir the above triali. thi* BLoken 
employed were tbe m«u lorEiiuy the Urab trainiog olua, wbo bad 
been ia the«hipaboul a lottniaht. 

I bav^t Ac, 
(Signed) A. DoooUK, 



BEDUOINO TALVE. 



AFAKT from the geaeral aeeB to which thU class of 
valve hae Etlnayti been put, additioaal iaterest 
has besQ lent to it recently from the reasoii that it is 
an essential part of tbe equipmeot of water-tube 
boilers. Tbe pressure of ateam generated beuDg too 
high for eODBumptioD in the engioeB, these valves are 
fittflfi Co bring the two into unison. To use them, 
however, it has been requisite to work the valves 
generally by hand, and, therefore, ii tbe preB- 



snre varies, as it may well do in the case of the 
boiler, conetant iiiaoipulatioo is neceeaary to 
check that feeding the engines. This '\^ of course, 
a tedious operation, and no doubt with a view to 
avoid this trouble, the MeBsra. Boaz. of West ladia 
Dock Koad, G , have patented the Byetetn we illustrate. 
We can only preae-ot an esterual view of the sanse, 
but a very good general idea of tbe action may be 
obtained therefrom. Tbe higher preagure enters on 
the right band aide and meets with tbe valves in ibe 
centra of tbe box. These are Beb on a vertical tViu, 
the top of which is shown between, tbe two epual 




springs controlled by fly nuts. Tbeae eprings, acting 
conjointly, have the effect of a eusbion on the crofls- 
head conntjctiog thein, the valve etem and an expan- 
sion chamber, which is shown encased above the 
valve box. This espansion chatnber is after the style 
of a concertina, and coneiata of a series of metal hosts 
atlacbed to tbe valve stem. By screwing down tbe 
Hy-nuts the valves are forced from their aeats below 
tho diaphragm, and the steam thereby obtains 
admiBaion above the valves, and finding its way into 
the larger space, becomes expaoded and roduc«d 
accordingly. This process goes on against the action 
of th'i apringa acd tends to close the valves, thereby 
dimiuiBhing tbe aperture until a position of equi- 
librium is attained. The outlet is of couree through 
tbe box to the left band in the illustration, and if 
there should be no furthBr use for the reduced preh- 
sure the valves cIoBe and shut o£f tbe supply of ateani 
of their own accord. The action ia automatic when 



I 



9Dce the spriogfi ftfe Kt properiy. The iDteriov smmil 
valre is directly aturhed to ihe raJTe iteoi, but the 
lA^or one gurrounding it acts loosely and with a 
certain clearance. Tbe a^tjoij tb*refore is vftrr &enfli- 
UTe, and (his is ceceesan-, for witb Ihe ordinary 
redociDg valve worked by hand force ciay be used to 
ovareome frietion ; bat in this case the spiingB being 
tiglti might not operate saccesefiiU; to lower a lar^ 
vane IroEn its seat, so the precautioD is taken to first 
open the small valve ooly, and this assists the other 
wJIbont uy risk of sticklcg. The result is therefore 
vary Biccurate always, we are informed, and only a 
3^ in. opening ia necessary to get the apparatus 
9tart«d. The coiinection of the st«m to the >:al^efl is 
by ball and socket joint, so that H odo spring is 
taore screwed down than the other aU side grip ig pre- 
vented, and the valves are enabled always to lake 
ibeir propar seatiogs fairly. In order that the valves 
may not have more than the full opening required 
there is at the bottom of the apparatus a cap not, 
which arrests any further moveinefit dowo'v^ards. 

Generally, therefore, the system is a very ingenious 
one. because, without reijuiring any attention, it is 
praetieally certain in action. When the high pressure 
m tamed on into the valve box and has passed 
through the valves, these remain open imtil the 
redneed pressure is attained for nbicfa the springs are 
set, then the extension of the expansion chsjnber 
partially shuts the valves to the high presanxe only, 
letting the required amount pass through. Put in 
another way, the admitted steam is wire-drawa down 
by the size of opening the valves give to whatever 
proBBtire the springs are set for. When, on the other 
band, the reduced pressure is becoming used up the 
expaosion chamber collapses, and tbis being connected 
to the valve stem allows the high pressure to escape 
through the valves ^nd raise the reduced pressure to 
its required height again. With ordinary reducint; 
valves it h&s been customary to have always a stop 
valve for shotting off the pressure, but here this is 
qoite done anay with for the reasons stated. Another 
lonn of the valve is one in which the reducing and 
stop valve eystems are combined. In this case the ad- 
justable valve spindle is at the bottom of the ^{>patatU6 
with a baud-nheet working within a stufling-box, so 
that all escape of pressure is prevented. It will be 
acknowledged that considerable merit is displayed by 
the invention, and there is a likelihood of its earning 
for itself some name amongst engineers. 



D. uid a aiMlvnciranlatod • «tal«w«at. vhieh MMMnd l4 Ml* 

Mam Cik had paid a tarn of taaaey w oMkia aa 



at thalA at 



0*ifi»em%b»twlA 



«.Apnl.t0l 



t0 Ite «Sm Ikal tta AainMB 



THE FLEETS OF THE MAIL LINES. 
(Frvm our own Corrti^ondtrnt.) 

The Ikle of Man Traffle, 

SO the projeotftd oj.p<ieition to th.' old Isle of Man Stwini 
Packet Co. lua failea throngb aft4;r ail the tall tbik. Une 
caDnnt Bb^ that one it sarprissd ht (ho (act. Ueiflrs. D. a.u.il C. 
Uaolier krc not a Qrin — whateveir may be their sttLnding aod 
MmsMlion in ihe OY«r-Boa trsdea — who hava- bad mach ei- 
perieDco in itie loc«l tTaHio (o tt)« Iain of Hbn. Tli« aid City of 
t>a|iiin boats, though, no doubt, Coo vessels (or their d*y aud 
t^enerAtioD, w«r« not bailt far ft hard cordpAtitiveMrvica. T})<7 
trere eonBtmcled nitb » vjen to a heavy subsidy. Thoy wera 
built regardleae of ooet and (or ruDmni; r&)j:&FdlGBB ut ooaC. 
Th«ir coal bills m>iild hkve broatilit the nan "syndicate'' 
wotMtmt IrO its beuriDi^t) than the coititig of rates, wbicb their 
Maployment oa tlie UougUi tftate wooid Wve iniiUed. Me«flra. 



nndanakxne that Uw vwaria dionld doI be amployri ia |te 
' MTviw. aa It eooaw on imck anlMritj we arc boond U ■wpt 
it- Bat it b not bim iiajiiir. and it naay laam to [Jil hihinnrf 
peopte atruiK« tb»t M Mara. VacXvor, of all msa, abovld Jwiiii 
tbe ^61 1« Utatft ^blioily. TbM* it ia ne ditwcloK *t tfa* 
lela of Mas SMaa PaekM Co. ban aavad tb«ir aharahaldKa 
from diflaatRNia eecBMUtiQD fur • aeaaon. thai ot 189-7 ; bat 
th«y have MtaUiahed a praoedanl that mftv b» OMd 
them in fntam. and lime nMv shon thftt th*y wxHild hava 1 
wiser to fi.k;bl vben the eneooT agkiasl iImu appomtd old ' 
^ to D«w. and brought extrft\-&^ftjit eu^aei tacanptle with tb wi 
of tA-d&y. Spm^altf ftdTaaUtgeooaly plaoed <mra Ibey ic tW 
cmnpetition nbaa Uwy bad rivals who knew little at th» 
toaaa^ement of th« dan of bnMneai which the^ have qwiil 
tbeii tivM ID oondncliog aritb mcotea. 

1 Breakdowa. 

The experiaiKN of tbe d«w North Geman Llord «t«amv 

, f cnvi* lit'uifr U tDOch the aamv at that oftbA f*« Crate p- bailt 

boata of tb^ Amerio^B Lin*. Tbe new German-biiiJt boat, lib 

I kba AmariMa ^p«. bu fonad that the «tr»D* on tfa» >ttMri&B 

_ peer of tJw>a hiuia vaaaala *tm (preaMt th*B th» deaignen have 
' leokoned fbr. Tbe Kottipin, L"ui*t bad gvt 600 milM to tliAWMt 
of SoiUj, on bar wmy ftom Bianao. to Naw Tork. when tba 
qoodraal of her rudder broko aod hralaa ring mat baoamaqnilv 
dinbled. She aoooidinK^y put baokaad want into PUnuntli for 
repai.ra 

SfwakioK <4 Uiis tvmqI rvmiads one of frn vitraordiaatT ■ton' 

aboQt^MT Voae, of Hftmtiar^, & p&rtnrr ia tb» S'*^ shipbiyU. 
■oy firm of Blohni. A Voas. tie abould be ■ praotioal maa ud 
know KMD'et'bLn):; of ship cooatraotioD and maBagemeiit. Tet he 
■a reported to hare an idea of oroaeing ths AtUntiu witli a 
steamer, not on the baak of a bird, or ia a ballocm. at tbe tate of 
190 milea an hunr. The paataga wotild ba oompleCo from 
BoDthainptoD lo New York ia niteen boon. Tbia woiid«rAtl 
Bpt«d is to be atUiined by cb^ lue of tea Kr«<r», placed ftv* on 
each tide of tb" vobmI tt eqo»l iiit*rv«i«. By these mewia he it 
■aid to believo that hf would get o««r the diffi^ultr o-f Ma 
friction- Sacb d^itile ft* the ditplaofrnnetiU, (trtug^ht, dttneDBion:! 
Mid H-P- <'f tha ISU knotter are not wnro»l«i to an oipeetaal 
world. Bat ic would be intanatintr to know what the ooal ex. 
pendituis of tbe abip is to bo and bow tba Tem«l will oartj eran 
her liiteea hoora eapply. 

ThK difficalty ol ooal aappty ia roe whiob appartmtly doee not 
enter into tbe calralatiooa (J the jrood people who make 
visicnairaobwuea for rapid uaneport of hibtbly paying mattvr, 
saoh H pMMngvn and mailc Another pnclicsl mali, who baa 
oonmaRcled m^CI at^eiuvr* nad ia now t>ODiL<«nied ia their uaabgv- 
meDt, aiitii;e#ta thai the StAnmehip Cnmpaniea «hoiild do longer 
b« eatToatr^l •ltd '.he ftutini^'' I'f Ber Mjijeaty 's mailB. HeMyi. 
and n.y* truly enoagb. th&t they make very little oat ot thaii 
ootiveyaDCe. exoept banen bonouT. Be woald bare the maila, 
{withuat paaeangara or cargtju of coarse'l carried by the Q««t 
torpedoHJeatniyera ot (he Royal Ksvy Tdas. he thioka the molt 
rapid transit coald bs iiwu'>^ (or the niaile and »( tbe aaina 
lime tbo odi-cera of Qqeeu'< ahipg would attain rblnable ra- 
poriencQ in ruDaing their ctsf t ic bll weathan at espreBi «j>e«d. 
Thie BiiK,g:eStion iH a ounauii rtn-ertion t« an old practice. Tbe 
Admiralty uied , at tbe beginDitif; ot the oentory, to ooDVe;ir Her 
Hajesty'sniulii, and for tbe parpnse. uaad taO'^D brigs, whiofa 
obtained for tbaiDBal*ai ao nneDriable a repatatiou. But th« 
ayHtem waa foaod to be impoeRibte when ataam oaae into use, 
thoagh Lraoea of the Admir&lty'a ooBaeotion with tho matter 
Iocs aontinued in the pnwtioe of tending a Queen's offioer aa 
mail master by tbe mail strata«r. But how are we bo r«T«Tt tv 
the prBctioe now ? The fitaleet deatray«rB we bikv» carry eighty 
tonaof ooaUn their bao Iters and would bum aontotkiug lik# n 
hnndred toDB A daj at full speed. Ttaeir fiiU apeeil nidtua of 
action is thM*fara at most abuat eii bnndred miles. Tbia would 
not be muoh use an the AllaulLc. Ervrit on the Indian route 
most of ths acagea are from flfttwn bandred niil«a eoch npwudt, 
and if st eB(?b pore a fresh deaLroyer weir waiiint; to take on 
the detpatchcs, like posl-hoiaea on the roails ia the old d*y«, 
the thing wonld be impraotioable. BMid<«, we mutt pot lOf-R** 
thatnowadaya mkiLa Rre bulky had wpiiihty. The tubH of 18117 
it not like the pony eiprsSA uftlt«r wbioh waa aeot aomea the 
pruriw in tbo pn.Uoiuta Faui&a Bailroad dajra. nor is it like tb« 



52 



THE MAEINE ENGINEER. 



■tiiffwhicb WM wntontof PkIi dnriBg Ihe ■!«([« by bali«n. 
Tl« modern onBlomert ol the Pcwt Offic» no* only w*" ipeed 
asd regulw trtcBU, but ttoy want to hft'* weighty dooBmenla 
ftad n^wapaperi canvayed, And bll ChU at vecy tnoderste prioaa. 

Wa oaoniut do with^at tba nuil iteAiner yet. 

Tlie Old Holyfaefcd Bdftti 

will aoon obIt be aamea. The IbIo of Mftn aofaeme httving f alleci 
tiiroogfa. M I h«ve alraiudj UdioateJ, tiro ot the tbre« itekm«i'B 
inteniled lo work it were dispoeod of to BoWwt abiph-f •eakera in 
Uaa HOoond week of April, Tha Pontitms'K ift tti 11 the property 
of tbe Citj of Dublin eteftm Packet Co., bat thej are cffBrinn 
hit tot Sftia. All tha siiMra had tweii re-boilered of (wnpwativelj 
1at« 76ua, hut tha Cdnnau^/il is the more like); U> Bait a por- 
ohaaer whu «ii.bM to get a. tittle work out of ber bafon ahe gooa 
tothsacrftp hflsp. For ilie baa ojlindrioal boil era, and ia thaa 
laaa ot •> fire-eKter than the others. Tfala ia a rerj great oooai- 
deration wh«ii the idea of working; each a v«a«l witho-ut a 
aabiidj oomee to be Mtiuidered. 

k Bteamihlp Compwiy'a BcpoH. 

The I-«jlBnd Line hia done well ia the yeax 189S with it« hig 
fleet. It has now well OTer ICW>,000 tonaof itaown, &□<], b«iai'!«B 
thiB figore, baa one tHird of the interest in th& Wileon-FumeBa- 
Leyland line, wtiob liwas about i. third bb mnrh aa thi* parent. 
Bqt LhsaSaiiB of thtt conipao;, li}t« th« African, ore oomplicnted 
b; nixed owuenhiii, Thiu, laketbe ateatner Jtr^anfM. She ia 
owned BB to oce-fonrth by the Lejland line, and sb to anoiher 
by ita offiprtr-g and the athar xbarea are owned bj oLhaca B.g&in. 
Thau cetiain Twaela ihM, are ran ou the new line are owned by 
the old. This is ^ood bnaiiieaa, for it ooDSoHdatea inter^atB, and 
Bowadaja. aa ever, oniou ia alrengtb. But it m&L^H it Tery 
difflcult for an oatBider to fairly ditaect the soooonta and Ind 
wliat twlty e»istH to repreaent the- enpital of th& ootBjxwy. 

Publlcfttlam. 

From che ageiila of the Dominioo Lidb I hare leoeived a very 
well illsatiatod pamphlet, ^i^ns a anmber of eiceHent pioturee 
of tha-ir new crack, ti>e Canadn. Thege comprift* deolt TJewa 
hB interiors, and bIicw bar to 1>« what ah^ ia—a lar^e, oomfort- 
ftbl? and well appoitited liner of the firBt-olaaa. and of the moBt 
modem tfpr. VieMB are also given of Mime al the other veaaels 
which Dbrry on the Aetrixte. ParliciilBTB of timea of akiling ar« 
■bo atforiled. The wbolie is vrry well wortb acquiring and 
pnaerring. But I ihould like to make ono or two atiggeetiooe 
for tbe Dtst iune of this little volume, which ia aur« lo be 
greatly in demand. In tbe first place I would bav9B0Die'tbii>g 

aaid bbout tbo liner Asd her Hcco?a?)od&ticFn, &Dd ber eize and 

speed, Phlebography ie » great fti-t, and, MTwelally in shippinff 
iii»tter», il ia Kii art vrhich baa bf>en carried to ^reat perfection 
id tba way of dec«ption, People nied to aay the " enn cannot 
lie." That lu true enongb. But be can be nmde to tell tbe 
trath in anch a way aa to gi»e very fals^ improgsiona, and 
tbe pboiograpbera' an in aome -caaeB ia i« make him da lo. 
Homely peopla— as the Americaos call them— are beaatified, 
and amall ahipB Jtnd soiall rooms are m&de to look lu-ffe. 
The owierF of th« Cunaia «Bn well allow every detail of their 
new abip to h« teated by HtKti'lica. She ia the fineat and 
fMteat U>«t ID the trftde, ^nd that by aaoie ooDiidenblo 
najgin. Tbe other auiTEefliion I! wonid make would bo that 
a few liewp of the lovely and nltraotive ecQner; of the Bt. 
Lawieuce ahould be incorporated in the book. That wonld 
gmlly taud to popotArlae their fer*icie with paseengera, and 
might, in conjuuctioa with the faciiiCimi they caa offer tor 
oomfcot, well draw pofaengera from the New York tante. 

I may add thnt an order bae been placed by the owneia of tba 
Canada for a duplic-ate of ber. This abows that they are BBtiafied 
with tbeirnew sccjaiBiticn. I have not yet heard what tba new 
SteBAier ia lo bo called, but she ia, of eonrae. to otime from the 
Qaeen'a IslaLd jard, where the Cauadii waa Cbnatmctrd. 

Tliia discDseion bringa me to 

The Fut CankdiaD SePTUc. 

Tkit, it liBBb«eA ataled m Farlidirent, baa reached tba atage 
of a proTiaioEnl Hgrtemcnt which has been entered into with 
WeMrB. PelertOD, Tale * Co., of I4eweaat1e. The smonnt of 
aunnal aubaidy which they are to reoei^e for a weekly Berrico of 
iieamcrB of iO-hnot apeed ia f Aid to be j; 1^0,000, payable aato 



otke-third by th« Imporial. and two^thirda by tho Dominioo 
Government. Tbia aubaidy, it will be noi«d, is in Muoaiit pretty 
mocb the aame aa that whioh tbe American Lis* leoeiTea from 
tbe United fltaiea QowBrument. The AmBric«n Line^ indet^d, 
gala certain additions-l emtilotnftnta. Bnl wears not told that 
the new line'ti £150,(XH) will inolode the Teaael'a pay aa aoxiliaiy 
omiaera on the Admiralty list. So that preanmably the two linea 
will be in a very aimilai pasition aa regarda State aid. Tbe 
terminal porta of tbe new line aresot yet pnbliBhed. 

Bat Hr. Sandford Fleming, whoae preTiona oontribntien to tbe 
Qnten't Qumrfrl^ I noticed when it came oat. has again boon 
oiplaining bia views iti that periodiea-l- U will bo remembered 
that in Lie first article jhe advooated the Ql^ms of Loch Kyao, 
M, at leaat. a port of o&H on tbia aide. It w^d. pointed out io 
anawor to th&t Buggeation that porU cannot be bnflt 
in a momebt and trsffiii made for abipa in th« 
way which Mr. Fleming aiiggested. Ha is a railway man 
and tbinka our railways and the |>oTt (Mn be compared to the 
atBttoi], HowBCer,. we need not, pnrene thi» point farther here. 
For, withoot giviDg up tbe epot of ble choice, ho keepa bis 
opinion in tbia r^ard more in the background, aaying that 
the question of tbe favoured port ou tbia aide mgre toi- 
mediately oonoerBB the OLd Country tbnti the oolodiata. 
What be really wr<t4« a^aio abont ia the St. Lawrenoe ronte. 
He appears U> have got himieir vary earerely handled in 
oonaequenoe of the f&nlt be round with tbe great Canadiati 
atre&ni. Ha wiabea to eipLa-in that be did not mean any 
pareonal oAenee to th« river, aod ia good enoogh to ahow 
bow it might atill get a bit of a tam even if hia ideas— aa 
BOW amended^ were adopted. He wonld make Sydney, Capo 
Bretoa, tba anmmer Weet^rt terminDa of the mail eteamers 
and tbence tranbbip tbe paaaengera to InsDrioaa river boats 
for ooDveyan-cfl np the St. Lawretioa. A» the tntila wonld, 
aooarditig to bis lu^geAtion, be landed at Sydney, nil feara of 
atronding in the 8t. Lawrence woald be obviated by giving tbeae 
brftTifh ateamera a ButSciently low apeed, I ahould be inolined 
to OTgae thst j>aBeeDger« wonld thcTOiighly diBlihetrB.nahipmstit. 
But that queetiou need bardliy bo diuoaaed, for the plen of 
Bending tb«m forward in b.1ow veaeela from Bydiiey would 
aSectnully [irevont any from ever uaing the ronte and atli idea of 
attracting paaaengera to tha St. Lawrencre would be at an end. 
His nmtinded acheme is indeed [irwitically Ihe old one. The 
braoob steamer idea iB nBsless and nnatttaotive. I will aot 
further diacuae this paper. 

But 1 do want to aay aomttbing aa to an allegation tbat one 
of the oonditiouB upon which the new contract is to be baaed is 
the proviaiotf for tbe oBrriage of a certain number of emigrsnta 
at a Qxed charge of three poondH a head on every trip ti> tba 
weatwsiil. Ttiie seems aomewbat of a new departore, aod it ib 
one vrbicb thO'esiating linea mny well astc lohar^re-conBldored. 
Ii ia one thing to bave aesist^^ p^^enges', u id.theoaasoro6rtBtn 
lines plying to Aoatra^tAii coicniea. There a certaiij, and pre- 
sumably vnryitig, amonnt towarda the ourriage ufeaxih pasaenger 
of oertuin de.sir&ble olaasea of working people ia paid by tbe 
Government who wLBhaa to have imniigranla. The jjaaBengera 
themflelvea pay another portinn of their carriage. The entire 
emolntiient, receivable from both Boarcoa by tbe carrying com- 
pany, )■ prenumably an amount fixed by tfae oonditiona of ilbe 
Bteerage trade al the time when each cop^rXiCt is «n(ered into 
and the price ie reoonaitlaTed whenever Bach dOtatraot ia flnial,.^ 
and a new one taVae ita place. But here things ar» eutirclj 
different. The coBBideration wbitJi the company will receive 
frotD the Government, in addition, to tbe nominal amuunt pay- 
able by th« paaxen^er, ia part of the Bnneral Bnbaidy and il ia 
filed presnmBbly for tbe whole period for which tbat anbaidy is 
granted. It muBt therefore aOect the tares [payable dnring the 
whole of tbat period to the other, and non-aubaidiecd, linea to 
CaEwda and poaaibly to' all Atlantic porta, Tba etoeragr 
traffic of the otbor linea will ther^foEe go to an un remunera- 
tive figure and In ordinary titpaa will be entirely killed. 
Thi* BBema a heavy addLlion lo the eampelition, which they 
wilt undonbtedly feel when the new Hue geta to work. Tbey 
will, of course, be deprived of tfae mails, a large part of tbe 
best paying paBsenger tnffic — provided the new company 
treats itB paaaengeiB rairiy, as one may, ol course, assnitie it 
will— of a lacralive trade in mcHaiareruent gcoda, and laat of 
all, have llieir sieerage rate permBDently cqt. I ahould 
imagine tbat if tbe rtport be tr^e and the tendency of the 
canditioD be nailed there will be a big outcry agbinkt tbe 
innovatton. 



MBy 1, ISdT.J 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



63 



fe 



I 



The '- TUle ds Bt. H«.ulpe." 

Ttiingi hava turned out better in regard hr (.bis onrortnn&ta 
vuanl tti&n oonld huTe been aDt,icip&t«d ■whoa I ]ael nrot«. But 
fcadUtbebnet. It will be remembered tbbt I Mid tlvttt foor 
bests irBi« got into tLe nsler oui of ber Qomplcm^nt pf eigM, 
M)<I tbktono «f tbcSQ Batl hefm picked Tip by thi salioondr Hilda, 

with foTir Burrivort, filitlat ther» w&b hope that a GIm^iqw- bound 
rtfimrrt bad Boiue otli«H- Thii hope proved to be •rail foviDded- 
Tlw TJMdrtt'ii, Captain WsBton. brought to Glasgon no lean ttLUi 
■uteen anrriTora from th» second lifeboat, indodiiig the aaoond 
tapt^n — ta, am we ebonld gaj, the obi«r afli.ceT.^tbe eecond and 
lliird BDgioeerH, five ■eamcn. eevea etokerB aodA Hecoud-olftas 
pMWODKer. The nowa had liordly bwn rweived of tbe safetj of 
tbecs men when tbe e.e. Mur^rii, of Liverpool, bontid f-or Hum- 
bwcg, passed tbe Liaard, fig-Balliog- th»t ?he bad mora stursivora. 
^««e pi«T^ to be four ia Dumber, and comp-riBed the oaptain, 
one of th« offleen, the cbiBrenf^neer and aHeamoD. Thsy irare 
all tha^t were left of nine pereous who bad got away ia oaa of 
the whaleboati ThiiJ the total namber of tbe saved smounta to 
frnffrLtj-tnnr, and there ir one bolX stilL DiL«£CoQnted for, but, 
Iban aaame little hope of any furtbec neirs. From tbe liale- 
nrnt of Oaptain Jr^f^auaeau, wbo oomoiuided the ilUFalod ship, 
it woTild seem that thtiugh the Teasel cucouDtorcd heavy weathef 
and shipped bdei14 ws-t^i. the peal caune of her lose waa oOBtaet 
with some fliMtiiig obsti^ctiEia which wonndad hei' akin in her 
luachiDcr; compartment, and bo fllliyd ber largest epaoe, at the 
Htme time diaahling' bee propelling power and ber pumping 
appliances. The oaptain a.iid his ohief officer sod ohiereDgirieer 
Mmaioed on the bridge till the last, after bavioK'^ODe everytliiiig 
which uoQid be done ta sAve tbe ship, and nfter having seen all 
those with whose aafotj^tbey werecbarged placed in the ramaininK 
boats. The suffering Chroag-h which all the sarvivoEs pBSE«d 
se«m to bo»B boon aerore in the tstreine. Tlie lessee of the 
dieter is tba danger of 9o»tieg ^reok.ige and iudireatly we 
jabj gatber hof great ia the advatitage or the anhdiviaioa vhich 
ia givGH in moden) steamers, and which would make it aalilcelj 
that a big vessel coDld have all her boiler and engine power 
flooded oat hy any ordinary accideni. 

A Hew Channel SUamar. 

Th« Northera Rsilwa; of Fianoe, whiob works the KewhsTeD 
and Dieppe MDt« in eonjonolinn with nur own LoDdou, Brighton 
aad South Coaet RailwEij, is about to plaoe a uew steamer on 
tbe raute Bba is now iCompletiDg forthem at Hanv. She is t>f 
the twinsari'w tjp«, wlilch is now the rale id Srst-olnes obaanel 
•enric^B. Her uucoDamodatiao is for 700 passengers of all aorta, 
and aba n to tiroes in about three hours. 

The imerioan Liner "PjpIi." 

has latelr been a very nnlui^kj abjp. I b&ve' for acme time mma- 
tioDcd bow she has had an overhsul, and then afl-er a vorags or 
two gone wrong again. On her la^t wsBlward trip abe again gave 
tronbla. Ibuagb xb? reaobed New Turk on tbe 3rd April, after a 
paawge of not more than seven da^a and a thiM. Sbe was not 
na4r, bowtf^ef. for the neit eastward sailing on the 7th April, 
and that had to he omitted, the British steamer JfnjMiic netting 
the Amerioao maiil. The Iterliii, which haa been lying at 
Aatwerp aiooe her last trip, oameover to SoutbamptOD on the 
13tb, so as to be readv to tnko up the sailing of tbe !7tb in tb« 
Pofii'i place. The Piiri^ herself is in dry dock iu New Toik. 
It ia etaud bjr I>aJEi«l'fl n«'wa sgencj tliit th« starboard ehalt 
ga*« wajr in consequence of tba wear of the liner. This eapoe 
wear of the liners of her ehafting seems to be the iiaivera&l 
causB of all the trouble aiid ^spenie ta which tha owtaert of 
this vessel bSTB been put througb her muihapa. 

The Homeward Port of Call tor QermaB Steaaen. 

It irill be within tbe memory of all those who take an interest 
ia tbe subject that Fit the eiiit of lant year, when the Germnn 
stnamon leasened the namber or tbeir Bailiniie fur the winter, 
tDat there was talk of the adoption of Plymouth as the eastward 
British port instaad of fioaCbBinpton for tbe North Germsn Llojd 
boat*. The report was indignantly denied. The Southampton 
prnas not only stated tbat tbe report as to the Karth QeFmaii 
Llojd was aatrve. bat went on to say that Virmuuth was to be 
•Isaert«d by the HaaibDrn-Amerioau Lino, who, tliey alleged, 
repented their desertion of the Solent. Bet events have prured 
stronger than tbe inapirutiona- — or aspiratioDB — of t)ie Hampshire 
port.. The Hatoburg LiOir lias oommenoed ite tterrioe again, and 
is still calling st Plymouth, whilst 'Oo tbe 13(h April tltn LuAn 



made the first North German call there. She landed seren tooa 
of specie, 30G bags of mails, besides h^r Bribieb'basnd pasaangora, 
and got away within tbe LoTir, although gbe bad a lonul weloome 
fnjm the muni-cipal and comtoeroial bodies of tbe port. The foot 
that the reception was aooorded to her iii spite of the latenaH of 
tbe hginrof hurarriTivl apeak* folumoa for DetonBhire eathusiasiu, 

as the oall took place at ten o^eloch in tbe evening. The Qreat 
Western lEailway is doing its beat U> faBl«r tbe trade of tha 
Plymouth, and. as Plymoutb saveH ninet; mjlei of sea trip, or 
four and a half honisateamingoi] the fastest vessels uaing South. 
amptoD. it is likely to have b good chance in tbe atmggle, 
eapeoially when we regard the splendid road-bed and rolling -stock 
whioh the (ireat Weetera has pro'V-ided for ite patrons, Indeed, 
the matter eoeniH to have resolved itself into a. straggle between 
tbe South Western Railway, on behalf of its port, Southampton, 
and the Great Western on behalf of Plymouth, as to whioh can 
offer the itreateet ioducemanta to tbe free lines. TbaAmerioan 
line ia not. of oonrae, open to temptation, being boond to 
SontbamptOD tor something like ssvem years more. The mayor 
of Plymouth stated tbattbeaooeasionof tbe North OeTmaa Lloyd 
boats to tbeir port brought the number of hflineward-bonnd 
steamers callLog there up t« thirty a month. Theae ic'clude euoh 
important lieeraaa thoee of the P- & 0., the Orient, the firi'isb 

India, the West India Royal Slatl j Sbaw, SatiII & Albioa, and 

the Now ZeeUnd Shipping Company. 

The Channel lalands Accident. 

It would obviously h« foolish to eocoiuest on tbe eironm- 
Htandss wtaioh led up to the Btranding of the Great Western 
Railway Company's Btesmship IlitJ. id the absenae of fnller 
Lnformation than ia at present before the publio. Moreover, it 
would nob be proper to do so, aa there will imdonbtodly bo an 
iavestigalion into the circnmatanoes, involving as they do tbe 
chacactere of both tbe oomniiodo'To a&ptains oC tbe rival lines tu 
the Chamid Islands, and also the iiia.QagetqBnt tender whi«h 
the Kouth Western and Great Western Railways ron their 
steamers. But it is permissible to muke some remark upon the 
in}ariea sustitined hy the Fhiir, and tu point oiit tbat tbe severe 
trial to which abe wae aitbjected baa proved the excelioncs of 
her desiea anil tbe perCectioo o£ ber aystem of Hobdirisian. 
Had iihe bees a paddLer su'ch as ia used by the foiciga Cbaauel 
lines — I except from this rfrmark th« neefer Newhaven boats of 
the Oireat Northern of France Railway^ahe would nev&r hsvs 
survived the wounds she received id her machtnery eompart- 
meat, and the results would have be«a too hsriowing tg con. 
template. 

Other Disaiten. 

A curionB legal point esem<i to have arieeo oDt of the leeenl 
stranding of s mail stoamer on the coasts of New Zealand 
whilst on a voyage from London to ports in those islands. The 
vassal in qnestion is owned hy a New Zealand Couipanr, bnt ia 
officered by ge-nllemen who have certiSoatea from the Board of 
Trade, An iji^^airy was held into the diaasrer by a Court in 
New Zealand, and the master foaud in di>ranlt. The <ja>eBlnD 
areas aa to whether a jncsl court ooald deal with a ciertiricatu 
granted by the Home Uovernnieot. The Court in this ease 
adopted the course of makicg the aus^naion and leaving those 
interested to question its juritdlclion if they (honght It advis- 
able to do BO. 

The old CuDBider, I may say tbe oldest Cunardec, the FintuA 
Q'ten, ol 1649, has a vitaUty proportionate to that of her 
youQf^er sister, tbe Saniaru, which I mentioned laat uiaiith, 
Hhe was on dre at fl&rve in April, and nevded the assistance of 
tbe oionicipat brigade to extingmah tbe confiigration. The 
poop dt'ok and a lifeboat were oonanmed. Yet the vcBsal was 
got, ready tor hor sailing with lUUe delay, and a few days eaw 
ber leaving the Mersey DO aoothar (rip as Ihoagh firsi had aa 
little effect an her as Anna Domini. 

There has been a ^^ood deal at ice about this seaaon, audroDie 
of the miaaing stesmera ara BUpposad to have been lost through 
collision with iceheryB, The Ilr-x-kly" Ciiy enoonntered a good 
dr-al and sufTered damage to her bowe in oonsciiuence. For* 
tuaalely abe reached New York in safety, tboagh her lore ooiO' 
part men t was holed. 

The breakdown, oti her uaidan voyajje, of the first vesael 
built tor Ihs Wilson Fumoes Leylaud Oomhination was notioed 
[n thiecolnmn at the time itocoarred. The story of her adven- 
tures has now been told at sume' length in tbe Admirally Conri. 
Sb« encountered entremcly severe weather iu herdisab.ed state, 
and reached the A.ores at laal in tow of the (bird vessel thai 
had attempted th^ job, Her cargo bad «bjCt«d owing to her 



THE MARIKE ENOmEEU. 



[May i, 1897. 



exdessira foUi&g whan oot &( edtumand, and tbc lop of one of 
her bftllBBl Uokti wke mjured, nhitst a cett&in ^umititj- of 
■viiter was roakine ite wny throa^h tbc Htem gland. An award 
fiS.uOO was givuD lo Uie three sies-iuers which read»red her 
HsiataDce. the one nhich fmslly brought her into autety 
nataraJly getluiK the lion'tj share, n'hich amoucied to thre^^ 
f^qithe of the gQoi I have uamed. She mUBt txea Due ship to 
paa* the «Td«al a^ she did. Bat the cost of tbia dinaater would 
DKve given her. and peFhapa ajiother ateamai uf equal aize, the 
prot«ctioii of dupliCHte mschiiiery. 

Thtt Ueetfug of the lostltoUeii of Haral Architects 

was remarkable for one matter oJ private bnnitiMS, This vae 
the rejection of Mr. Pirns as a candidate for a seat on the 
ooiincil. Mr. Firrie is a well'knoicn public: man. At the pre- 
sent moment he is t:i)ioying.Eiiii second coneecnlive year of oHice 
aa Lord Mayor of Belfast, He, howeTar, eeema from hia pablic 
ntternnceB U) take more pride ia the fa-ot that he is one of the 
tr-A^t important members oF tho &tai iff Hivrl0,iid & WolS, who 
are probabtj the largest, and certainly one-of the moat famoUB, 
shlpDoildiaf^ eoterprisea ia the worlJ. That qnalilication 
ahould Lava sone a loiifi way to eaanre ihe suaceBg of his candi- 
datnie for such a. position ae a aeat on the :Sava1 Arohitectg 
Coancil. Yet. ia fnct. it whs that which cuctributed to bia 
ilefeai, Ki^htly or wron^Ly, other Jicms of shipbaildera believe 
thai the Qiieen'B lal:B.iid Hira <jid not tceit the emploj^re' 
aaaociatiOQ fairly in their receat deallDg« with the idecnaiida oi 
Ihe Rien. This UBtur&lly made the Arm and; ite reapvneible 
mtaibera iiTi[)cipalar Lu tlte Inatilnte, where the abipbuildia^ 
dement is bo predominanb. Speaking of Queen'a Island re- 
in isda ii]« that 

The Weit India nnd Pa<itl« Steam HavEgatifin Company 

have teen iDclty in charteriD£ oiie of tbeii' big twin-aoiew oareo 
boatB to the Tnion LiLe. She ia, of coDrau, of a far largei and 
Imb pauenser type than the T^nion'H own ;nterme<liate' bi^ritB 
from the same yard. But a« an estrn bg^t she will fuIBl the 
faootioD LB compared with the Union Line's "G'^," which the 
fia'jlun and IfKiiMiij CrilUi of the Dooald Currie Line fulfil in 
ralaliun to vesaek of the Jvi'ndaU CojiU claas, that is. Ihe 
shiltin); of lur^e qaantitieft of deadweight at a oompaiativoly 
lov speed and at a very trifling uOHt. 

Theeixtb ot tbp -' U'B,"the Ciaik<i. ja now at worli, havinc; 
gone direct from Bellaet to the Conliuentftl ports at vhicb these 

veBBeLs load. She will thda make hat- fit-at appvarance ut 

SoDlhampton juBt prior to heraCarling for tbe Cape. 
k VctcFBii of the Herchuit Bervlce 
died on Good Friday, isthe person of Caplain Itii^hsrd Hev^tt. 
HebaiongB to iha very early da va of steam navigation. AalotiR 
ago as ihp year 1!<46 I find a note of him na boinR in command 
of the'lold Wet,t India Itoya' Mail boat 'irifnt. That is to aay, that 
Qfty-one years ago h? was aulMcienlly hifjh in Ibo gervioato 
haie attained coniirand of one of the iint:ai veasels in the float, 
Tbis was, of course, (he ori^iinal Trc-i, a wooden paddl&r of 
l.SOO or 1,^100 tonB. She wae bailb in 1S4], and beOnaie famous 
in long after rears a& the tceae of the Mason and Sliddell 
incident, nhich very nearly caused a war between thia country 
andlhe United SiHtf?. 13ut before he took cliarire of Chia ship he 
had bad some tiperience in command in the interoolonial 
service with its bmaller veaaela, He was in charj^e of the 
We»l India CoBipBnj'a old L" Plitu at tW time of the Weet 
India hnrriL'antj in If ^7, when the had the hbttow eacnpe 
which was ihe euhject of h very atrikiiyg picture in the 
lUvtrotra. haiKiini ymi of those days. In IHli he wbe 
captain of the company's ecrcw.Btaatner J\tU, then a 
ooinpsratively new ehip. Ou her ontward voyage to St. 
Thomas, with o'^er ^0^ bouIb on bcud, a lire was dincavered in 
the after-hold wbon the v«eael wn? six daya oct. Twelve barrels 
of oil were k&own to b« etnv^ed in the region ol rbo dre, and 
ihe memory of the burning of the eauie oompany's ill-fated 
Amaain on the tame voyaRe, and mucb neiarer iivnil. iiiuhi hiive 
been vJvjdly presoDi to the miude of all ud bo&rd. Hut very 
prompt mtacures were taken, and the vViJi* was bailt of iron »ibh 
iron biilhlieads. vbile ber niLbaiipy |iii>tyi>e was all wood, Tho 
holdwheze tli>e lire na s eented w an llnoded load^ptli uf ihudj ftvt 
and in font lioure all daii^er wai ov«r. ExaminsliOn shnwed 
how narrow bad been the esoape of tbe ebip. For e-ne o£ the 
caake of oil [iroved to have been neatly baintthroufrh. Official 
notice was taken of thi^ Inriijeiu. nud honours were showered 
Upon the captain of the .\./r. Of receoS years lie bbb a director 
of the Line with which be had so long a^cooneutioD. But early 



io IB'JB he reHigaod hia Seat on the board in cooBeqaenaa ut 
failing health. 

The Thlngvalla Campany of Denmark 

p&ema to b<< in an unfortajiate way. It L'snatrt complain of tho 
jOar 1S96, which the directiirs cbarBct«ri«e na " ^u aTerage gOod 
yeai','' Yet ite tiett proHt waa but five per cent, of its groev- 
turu orar. A steadily paying Britiah compiauy, with whioli I 
make oonipnrison. shows thnt its i>ett prollt ahuiilidl beaorsewhera 
abont oDe-third -of its totul rai^eipta, if a return to the ahore- 
holdera ta to be mado, after providing for inanranee aod de- 
protiatioo. Thus one cannot be mrfjrised Co learn that directom 
tell tbe sLai^boldera that the mateiial ia wesiiog ont and no 
proriaion boio^ made to renew it. And they go on to say that 
tJtie state of t]iin|;e, if nnab^ok^d, leads bo tlv^ e-itinatJon of ihti 
oonoam. Meanwhile they ai'e trying to make arrnngelnenti to 
racoBAtruet the cotupiaD]'. 

The Liverpool and Llandudno BteoniBhlp Comp&ny, 
Limited, 

has lieAn fornsd, with, a caoitot of £10.000, far the porposo of 
ruDDia^ a ateBmahip between the* porta named in iita title. Thia 
vee<B«l IB none other tlian the Jlutttler, late of the Cit^ of Onblio 
Steam Pairket Company, and one of the three ve^Bela whioh- 
were to have re^olut ionised the^ I*le of Man trade She opened 
her new serrica on tbe 15th April, and, for some- reason or 
other, did not i^acb Llandudno till nearly nine o'clock in the 
evening. The psaseng»r« were phus not given mnoh oppor- 
tunity of etijoying the delights of the BeB,-Bide, vrhilgi it was 
long aFt«r mtdnif^ht before tbey werA restored to Cho landing 
Bing>e at Ltverjwol. Tbejr reLnra to their homes at saoh as 
hour wonld have to f)e made eitbcr by oab— alwaya a eoatly 
mode of progroisioa in Lirerpool — or on toot. Tn either case 
they would not be likely Co forget tbe eipcrienice. and the first 
eiour«ion trip of (be aid mail bnat coald hurdly be -cooeiderad 
enconroging for futurt trathc. 

A Hew Method of Ste&n PropnlBlon. 

The triala of the Tujbiieiti,~~t'h« little vesse] whiob haa been 
fitted with turbine piopBllera — have, by all aocounta, he^n 
wooderfatlj aaccMsful- 8lie la naid, in a rery enthneiastic 
ftcooont given hy n ^'ewoaatle paper, U> lia»e averaged 31'139' 
kuota «□ the iDBaaac^d bile. The sanne paper atatea that ah« 
lias not yet done her Ix^et. She is, at present, Gtted with a l-in. 
main gteam pipe, which ia believed to throttle her ateam and 
lessen her naelnl poner. When a larger pipe is enhstitnted it is 
olnimed that the £00 lbs. pieagnre. which her boilers easily 
msintain, will K)ve her ae muoh as ZO per cent, more power 
in her engines tboci sbe can develop at present. Then abe is 
eipeoCtid to altuio a speed of 'ib knots. In any case the 
caperiDienta which bave taken place a4'e moet in tei eating, and 
BIB wi^ll worthy of tbe attention oC mariae- engineers, ghip- 
builders and abipoweera. 



THE ELECTRICAL .AND ENGINEERING 
EXHIBITION AT NEWCABTLE. 

THIB eihihitioD, which As-aa i^loaed on April 24th, altar a 
huoceestal run of tan weeks, wag not eiclosLvely, o-r even 
to any lar^e extwut, a nisriDe one; yet among the novellie* 
ehuwn at the iiiore important atanda. there were some items 
which could not fail to have atlroction for vjailoia inlereated 
tn marine engincerinii; work. 

The eta,nd of Heeara. Croaier, Stepbena A Co. Oooapied a. 
oonapiououB position, and was largely taken up with ateamsfaip 
aooeBBortee of various kinda, all of which are deaigned for the 
attainment of economical reHnlts in worhin,^. Amor^ theae. 
may be meniinnea the Meldrom rurnace (mariiiti typo) fo 
nliliaing mferior fnel in steam raising, which la bolag adopted ^ 
by miany aleatnr^bip owner-s, and in all cases with excellent 
resalts. There wsb ulao a, patent lilter (the " Qarria "j tot 
eeaoviiiK greaae and other impnriliaa from feed water, beside* 
el,ght-feed lubricators, Tentiluting fane, aBbhcietu, ateam traps. 
liijeotors. (to. Une of tbe moel important exhibits on the aland, 
however, was" CncUlon's" patent hi^^h- speed engine (illuatratcd 
on page 5o), wbioh drove a " Osatle*' dynamo by MeBPrS: J. U. 
Holmes A Co.. giving an output oi t),000 walle, at aepeed of -i-tC 
nvolutjons per oiinnte. The en^fine baa a sinjfle cylinder ' in. 



lEay 1, 1897.J 



THE MAEINE ENGINEER. 



55 






duQivter br S in. etrake, tktid la of th^ tiae fliQ[;Io-«otio,g type, 
-the thmrtbflitig bIwajb downwards, ftnd stioh sligbt wear ab 
tafcea pl&ee being' aiatomatieall.v tAkeo np. By a ep^ciaJ 
■iTUigeiDeDt of valvsa, tbe eiact ijoitipireBgioa teqnir'ed to take 
up the momentQin «i the moring parts, ghd be adjaeted to salt 
VKrjin^ apeede. and alao to suit condeDHiDg &nd non-ooo- 
Aeaeing, tbaa seciiriDi^ in the latter caee ba importbtib BtLTmg 
of slewn, &a compared wilh any other type of eagin-e yet 
*ud«, lEik.lB vritb a smaU D«ii-cuadeasLQ|f compound Gogiiie', 
bftVing 20 I.B.P. b.1 40O revolatioDS per minute, abOw the 
mkx.imiiin ooaaamptiou of water to b-e 2^ Ibe. per hoar, a reaaU 
tfaftt haa not hitberw be«n att&inad witb bo Bmali aji engine. 
The fact ibst these enginea hare been kept runaing 10,000 
oonsecntive boura &t the above bigh apeeda, without mjuiring 
ftoy adjoatmeDt wh&tever, sboald Gommond tbem to steain 
iis«rB as poeaeamag qaite exoBpbioD«l AdTnotnges. All the 
pkfta work in a cbamber 'Containing b, mixtitre of oil and water, 
ibe level of whicih ia fihown by a. ga-i^ji^S' This ftrr&ng&meDt 
iDAkSB skilled attendaQoc UDnficeoaaiy, the addition of a smaU 
-qaautity of oil at iatervala, to make np tor naete, being all tbat 



Th« stand gf M«SBn>. J. H. HolmM & Co., eleottic light afld 
power engiooara, waa -very promiDent with Ua encipmeat 4f 
"LuadeH " mat^fs, in i-eEMeuiie to which aome interestiag par- 
tioalars were givea in the Maiiive K^oihbbr for March ut tbe 
pr&MDt ys&r. 

Meeira. Clark, Chapman & Co. had a very large stand, aad 
eichibiled, amoD^at other pgrodocts, th,e oen wat«r>tDbe boiler 
(Pat«reciD's patent), the speoiaL Dh<ataoterietic of whiuh ia laid 
to be freedoca fcom primiog ; aad eeveral al«ctrical epeoialiti^a, 
iacladini; pTojectora, and touplad engines utid dj^Ti;amoE. iot 
ship lighting. Meaare. Eraeat Scott i^ Mountain, Limited, ei- 
hil>ited bigb-apeed IbdhqIi engines, and ensines of otlier types, 
besides BomeimportitntBpedmeDS of their prod not? in eltictrioaJ 
caachinery. Theoorrent foriigbtiagitheeshibitiDin was sapplisd 
by dyuamoe supplied by this fiim. 

TheooDtiribittiOD to the exhibition made by the Bqqderland 
Fofga ant) Jlagin^ering: Oo., Limited, thoTi^i l<"t '"rB^, >**■■ 
decidedly iuteresticg. It conaisted of a Bhip4ightiDg plant, 
eompFiaine a aingle oylinder, open type, high speed sn^fine, 
oou^ed direct to a •■ Standard " dynamo; a "SUndard" 




Ceichton'b" Fatbnt Hioh-Sfbed Enqihb. 



is required. These eogines have been largely used &n tibip- 
biMrd. their capa';it'y for roDoii:))! at high B{i[;ed« for protonKcd 

pefioda^ttot to ^peak of lii«' aiIiA,llne«.H ot the -ypBi^e occupied — 

rauderiBg' them particularly well anited for ttaie purpose. 
Ueiars. Thwaitea Broa.. Limited, of Bradford, are the manu- 
fa«tarerf , and it may be here staled that the liroi have a larRG 
nuiDber of these eo^ieea now in hand, aa at:»o oectrifogal 

SoiDpBOf a special palieru for thu Admiralty, and for several 
Bftdisjr steamship uvpiimtJ.ctjmpaDiea. 

Aootherveryinteresliiige^ihibitcinUeBBFB.CrasiQrdt Sbe^iheiiB'' 
fltBDid, waaSiar^lair'a SreettinfjuiBliet' [chemioal and eelf -Acting), 
whjoh was an iudiigpensable acceaaory oo eea-going ateamers, 
b^ing email and bandy, and tnoal effective in uae. Binclair's 
obemical hand grenades are alao extremely useful is. an emer- 
eenoy, a^d ehould farm part of every sbip's. eqjuipment, 
Xhe BtacDpinga in iron, eteel, sad bronKe, ao<l alao the malle- 
able iran and atael oaatinga sbonn by tbie. euterpriain^ locAl 
firm, whose headH^uarters, it may be stated, are aC No. 2, Col- 
lisgnood Street, Nenoaatle. are hif^hly ereditahle — aa specimens 
of workmauHbip— to the maonfacturera. and are largely nsed 
in ebipbuLldiDg and enKineering norli. buinnj aaperior to band^ 
ftirgiiiga, and macib mare ocmDmioal, 



dynamo arranged with extended bed piate and heavy fly wheel. 
For drivinK by gas oi oil enijine ; a BvvLtcbbrjird for ship work,, 
fitted with latge contact knife BWitches ; and several other 
Bp«c]alitioB in aleotrical and general engin^eriag. Thecshibite 
af this firra evidtinced ingenuity of design and oarefal ireatment 
exeention-. and it ia not too moohtosay ttmt tbey wonlrl bearoom- 
panson vrltb tbo work tnrned oat by the bt^at firms in the coaotry. 

The stand of MeserB. Tamer Bros., Spotland, Boohdale, 
ooqtaioed Dumerooa samples of. asbeatoa and iindia-mbbat 
f;(>>da, ibcludiiig steam and hydraulic packta^B. seanilefis fiaz 
hoae, solid wckTen-hair belting, <tc. : and everything shown was 
iirst'Dlaas of its kind. Thu firm is on the Admiralty list, 
nod has achieved a world-wide repnlat ion as maQufactnreraof 
asbeetOH Koods, 

The o-nly remaining exhibit having BpeoLnl interest loc abip- 
ping people was tbe S^-ton tri;)Ii;-crip etocklesa anchor, sbowQ 
by the patentepfl and makers, Meaara. Ooarge tyz&i\ * Co., 
South fihielda and Snnderland. The popularity of Tyzaok's 
anehore mav be judged of from the faet ih4t. in 1896, no lees 
than SOO.OOO Ioqb of Bhinping were snppUsd with them. This, 
we should think, establimea a record, bo far aa sneoial types of 
aachora are coocerned. 



VENTILATION OF STEAHSHIPB. 



IN these days af advanceiDent in hygienic 
□QBitters, the question of the Tentilation of 
ships is one of great importance, both to the ship- 
owner and the truvelJiog public. Many shipa are 
plyiDg the ocetm ^itb oO better yeatll&ticg appliajices 
than the ordinary bell-mouthed pipes, which require 
triiuming for every alteration in the direction of the 
tficd. Tbe function of th«Be pipes is to drive down 
air into the comportments of the Bhip^ which no doubt 
Dnder certain cooditioDB they do, bat it CEUiDOt be 
said thBt they in any way fulfil the true princip3e of 
healthy Tenbilation, vir,. — the withcIrawEkl of the foul 
ftir. 

For some yeare paet the v»&11-knowQ veDtilatiag 
eEgineOM, Meeara. E&bert Boyle & Son, of London 
and QIasgow, hare carried out & systeio of venbitation 
for Ehips originated by them, which is of each a nature 
thftt it cannot °et out of order, ia independent of any 
Bpecial attention, ia seif-acting in every part, and is 
always in action \vhetber the vesiel i» moving or lying 
cit.Im!y in harbour. 

Any ayatem of ventilation on board ship to be reli- 
able must be Gelf-acticg. and have no oiechanical 
movement to get out of order. 

The Bystem which we illuatr&te is in use In most of 
the navies of the world, and has also been adopted by 
the leading Bteamsbip companies. 

The c^aJD feature of the Boyle system, as most of 
our readers are no doubt aware, is the combina- 
tion of Meaerg. Boyle's patent " air-pump" ventilator 
(up-cast) and patent down-cast ventilator. The dowB- 
O&st ventilator collects and drives down treeb air, no 
roatter from what direction the wind ms-y ImpingB 
upon it, while the "air-pump" ventilator by the inductive 
actioD of the Tvind from any quarter contiutiouely with- 
draws the foul ail ftom the paits of the vefiBel to nbich 
It is connected. Both these ventilators are Sxturea, 
having n« mov&ble pails to get ont of order, &o that 
trimming is unnecessary, and thus the ventilation 
cannot suffer from any want of attention. An impor- 
tanl feature in these ventilators is that no water can 
pEtaa down them, and therefore tbey can alwajs be 
kept in action, even in the stormiest weather. 

£!xtended esperimeut has demonstrated that the 
lateet patented fotms of these veniUfttots poaaesa 
double the ventilating power of the previous forms, so 
thatEmalter ventilators may now be used, e£Fectiugnot 
only a considerable reduction in the cost, but also a 
saving in E>pace. 

Improvements have lately been made in the system 
by Messrs. Boyle, and the illustrations here shown 
expl&in the system as now modified. Fig. I is a 
longitudinal section of a veeael, and Fig. 2 is a deck 
plKn of the Esme. Fig. .3 is a transvetBe section of 
tbfl vessel. 

Fig. i ehows the "air-pump" ap-caat ventilator 
for fixing on deck, and Fig. 5 the form for fixing on 
tbe roof of a deck-hoUBQ, while Fig. 6 is a view ct the 
downcast ventilator. In Figs. 1 and 3, tbe arrange- 
tnent of ventilators and pipes is shown for distributing 
the fresh air and extracting the foul air from the differ- 
ent potts of tbe Bhip. Tbe air-pump or up-cast ventila- 
tora A are connected to theimain extracting shafts B, to 
which are connected the branch pipes C, carried under 



tbe deck through the different c&biaa. The foul air 
is drawn off through exits D in tbe extraction pipoaC. 
Partitiion plateaE a.re fitted at tbe bottom of the shafts 
B, to prevent tbe currents in the branch pipea meeting 
and creating an eddy, and also to deBect the air up the 
main shafts. The downcast ventilators F are connected 
with the main, supply pipes G, from which are 
carried branch pipes H to cabins, saloone, &c. 
Small vertical tubes J admit the air in an upward 
direction and so avoid draughts. Th«ee tubes are 
6tted with regulating valves, so that the air supply is 
completely under control, When desired the air can 
be warmed by steam pipes placed within the pipes or 
cooled by means of ice boxes placCid witnin the 
sbafte. 

For coal-laden, grain.frait or cattle ships this system 
must prove invaluable, and we qaite agree with 
Fnsineerinff that by its use millions of pounda might 
besaved annually, and vessels which are known to be in 
perfect sanitary condition would, as a matter of course, 
prove of increased value to the owners, as shippers 
would naturally prefer to send their consignments by 
the vessels which would piesflrve them in the beet 
condition. 

Fig. 7 shows the application of the Boyle System of 
Ventilation to tbe stokehole, involving an entire 
revolubioQ ia tbe present mode of ventil&ting that port 
of tbe ship, which is not only anscientific, but is found 
to act the reverse to what is intended, and proves 
more: of a danger th&D a beaefit to tbe men below, 
as the open gratings usually fixed over tbe stokehole, 
instead of allowing the free exit of the heated air, 
permit the cold external air to pass in and press down 
the hot air to the lower level occupied by thfl men, 
who are thus constantly kept in a strata of hot vitiated 
air. With the Boyle system, these gratings are done 
away with and everything made tight at the top^ On 
one side of tbe stokehole, at 'be highest part, ia 6xed 
a downcast ventilator F, having a shaft G carried down 
to about four feet from the floor, where the air is dis- 
charged. On the other aide of the stokehole ia hxed 
an " air-pump " up-cast ventilator A , which draws off 
the hot air, at tbe hifjhest level, to where it naturally 
ascends, and there being no downward pressure of 
cold air, the heated air is drawn away with great 
rapidity, being replaced at tbe floor level by fresh air 
Supplied bythe down-cast ventilators. By dispensing 
with the top gratings and having everything tight 
above^ water is also prevented from passing below, 
which ia &nothet important point. The bunkers may 
also be ventilated with tbe same shafts that are used 
for the stokehole, or they may be ventilated by 
separate ventilators. 

Messrs, Boyle have received many valuable 
reports in favour of their system from higb 
naval and scientific authorities, including one 
from Lord KelvJn, and aUo from s. First Sea 
Lord of tbe Admiralty. Tbe system has been 
awarded, by tbe Worshipfnl Company of Ship- 
wtigbta, the pri^e of £50, offered for the best syatena 
of ventilation for ships. Tbe Koyal Commission on 
the Ventilation of Ships, and Hia Hoyal Eigbness the 
Duke of Edinburgh have also expressed their approval 
of the system, specially commending its simplicity 
and economy, and from what we ourselves know of it 
we have pleasure in endoiaing these commendations, 



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thongh tho world-wide reputation oF Messrs. 
Boyle & Son ae ventilating experta ie a sufficient 
guarantee that tiieir Byatem will be found to fulfil all 
require tuents. Aa founders of the profession of vfln- 
tilatioa eDgineerLng they have raised tba subject to the 
dignity of a science. 



NAVAL MATTERS-PAST AMD PKO- 

SPEOTIVI. 
(From oitr own CoTTttpati.dmti a.t Jmn* a»d obrouj.) 



The Initltatlen of HatkI JtrohitectB. 

THE muffting of the I □ it i tint. ion oE Naval Arobitecti. held in 
(he beginning of the mooLh, kbb a tboraojililj Haooewfal 
one. The papers rend were uewly all of ezceptional intetieot, 
and that of Mr. Dnrston, read on tHo 0r»t d %j o( tbe mMting, 
waa deolftred by one of th« gAnttemen praeent to be the mgat 
modest reoord of & great aohi«T6tu»fit tbbt hadoome nnder hi« 
Dotico. The paper read, b^ Admiral Fitz^ralcl moB in a sebse 
oompletnBnLary of the formBr paper. Tlia Enginoar-in-Chiaf 
dMoribed tbe RatiaracMrf and Bneceaaful aatnre of the trials 
whioh bare taken pliic« with the neir boilen, Admiral Fitz^rald 
tiplainiiig irhj it una that oaral afflcen find ao mnoh to admire 
in Lheir sabfftitalioD for the older tjpe. Mr, Thornyoroft dod-' 
gntnlated the BntliDriiiH upon tbe BDOceee of their experiment, 
bat poiDt^lIp remarked that its must not take it for ^nDt»d that 
the BellBvilla it tbe but or SaU type ofthii. kind of boiler. Mr. 
William Laird apokeoul of hLa own eiperienoe «ith9O,000H.P. 
of tnbaloiiB boilera other tbao the Belleville, and aeooTding to 
hia atatemeot tbeoe bad proved bi^bly aatUfaotor?. A deal of 
nnfaTODrable oritioiaiD cama from Mr. Mo«h, who, jod^iog from 
faia remarks, oeea re'rj little worth praiB»ia what the oocitrao- 
tiTe or on^ioefriDg branohea of the Navy ondertafco. Mr. 
Manuel, gr the P- & 0. Co., conBiderC'd Mr. Darstoo'e paper to 
ha aa infltrtLctiv^ to th& MeroaLtile Murine an u> the Nstj, bnt 

■STera] of tb^N gdntl^men pr<6Bdiit disagreed with bim >op tbw 

point. HciweTor, tha general opinioc deemed to be (hat whil^ 
water-taba boilera are the moat iDitablo form of boiler for 
aaral parpoBea, the old ojlindrioal bailer wna. at all events for 
tha praMni, Che beat for tbe pauengor Ildm. 

■p. k. 3. Dnriten on WKtcr-tnbe Bollvi, 

The Engineer.in>ohlef of ths Navy in hie paper read at tbe 
lastitntioDof Naval ArohitaotB«'taL«d that tbronghouCtfae trintaof 
the crQiBera Pficer/iiland Twritle the behavioar of tbeir boilers 
waa entirolj a^tisfBjjtorj, tni fnllj realiged tbe eapootatioQfl of 
the Admiraltj, and pTaatioslljni defects were det el<jpcd. A few 
lead plugi were blown ooC in one veaB«l whio.h wae acoouoted for 
hj their being too looeely B.tted. but when re&tled th&j pave no 
trooble whatever. Also a email oopper pipe conneeting' tba feed 
regulator widh the lower part of the element of one hoilei gave 
way and had to be reQe-wed. bat beyond thoee defeota do trooble 
of any kind WBB eiperienoed. When worktug at tbe hlKheat 
powers, the decks and [-bsIdkb io the vi-uiniij of the uptakes were 
heated to an nnd^eirdbl^ extent-, but wbea Inggiai; ymn fitted, aa 

had been origisalllj provided fdriu the Bpeliif'Catioii, (here wtia no 
farther tionble from tfcia obii-e. A great advantage was Beonred 
in the large-tobe type boiler*, aa thoaa of the Touitr/uL and 
JerribU, by the iuteFion of the tnbea being en mncli more ood- 
veniently and quickly eiamined, and their ociodition aHcertained 
than in the small taba t;pe. The boilers of the Foweri'ul and 
ItrriiiU. iaid Mr. DucBton, wouM compare favDnrabiy with tbe 
old type of cylin-drical boilere ae regards coneumpLios, enduraDDe, 
and faciliiiea for t- lomiiiBiioD, aod id all other reepectB for tbeir 
partioaler application to the parpoeea of a Warahip they were 
anperior. Admiral Fitzgerald's paper was geaeralty ilepi«oatary 
ef the old etjle of mariuie and Saoboh tf pea of boiler for wanbip 
□Be. ami waa ia favour of water-tobe boilere tbraughont. Ae 
ao argument in tavonr of the adoptiuti of tbe latter type of boiler, 
he instaocea thu case uf tbe waiRlit of tbe boilersof the Fatri;r/ul, 
KihJoh by the adoption of the wowr-tabe olaM of boiler faaa aaved 
nearly 700 tooe. 

Beeonitltutliig the Chaaitel and HedlterraiieAii Bqaadrou. 

The Admiraltj' have ODdei oonaideration a aobeme tor the 



reooaatitDtioD of the Mjoadrona naw in the tIo>diiterraneau aod 
CbaDiivl- If parried Qot thi» ■rritl mwui that the battleahipa 
EiH^ffi of India, BtpuUt, Setolnlion, aad Roynl Sdver^gn ^lU 
repliaoe tha Anion, Roilner/,. Camperdavti, end Trafalgar, which 
are at present in the MediterraneaD. It i« expected that four 
newbattleabipB of the jWujdtie type will he put in commiasiion 
to fill up tbe vaoadoiSB canted. In tbe completing ata^v at the 
difTerent dockyards we have the i'lrtar and jlJar*, the JTannitatt 
litMiriatin and Jupiltr, ia addition lo the Prin^-e Qeorji at Porta- 
month and the Ftctortoui at Chatham, which have only reoentlj 
reaohed completion, If the Admiralty t^plaw the (Oc* *hipa. 

which are tr&nsferrad to Che MeditercanAaa, b/ fire, which will 

he sooording to the propr>Bed programme, this will bring the 
atrnagth of the Channel aqnadron op to a battleship Gtrength 
alone of seven. Tlia abipa removed from, tbe Mediierrauean vfUl 
oome home for a oomplete relit, and wiUbe maile ready to relieve 
the vasaeli of older type in the reserve eqaadron. Towards tha 
end of this month the new cruiaei FeUiTUr ia to nlieve the 
BtUona, tbe farmer being considered more valuable a« a fighting 
ahtp aa well pe Booat. She dlaplaoM 305 tons more than the 
BtSlotta, ba^ideei haviag a greater speed, a m-aoh iitpefior arma- 
ment, and a coal-carrying capaoity nearly doubia that of the 
tatter. The Eillona will be taken iu hand at Fortamooth, ondar- 
gning an eiteosiva refit at a cost of over £41,000, Nearly half 
of this will be apent on bet hall, fittings, and eqnipment,. and 
the remainder on her maohiaery, wbioh will inoluda a new set 
of water^tabe boilers. After tfae mnntBavrea tbe Ghannel 
aqnadinn will also be strengthened fay tbe oniiflei ^rrvgaat, 
now DompletiiiK i'>i aea at PevonppTt. 

PreHnlatlon at the fi.H. Bnglcieu-liag Cellnte. 

Admiral the Hon. Sir E. K. Fremantle presented the prlcaa 
wou during tbe (MBt year by tbe stDdenta of tbia college about 
two weeks ago, jnst before they p^ol^eedBd on Easter leavS'. The 
Admiral was accompanied by I^y Freniantle and Admiral 
Carr, snperintetideDC of the dockyard. He was mat by 
Commander Grenfell, Mr. Majston, the chief engineer of Eeyham 
Faotory. aod tbe masters of the college. After tba prisea haa 
bees distributed. Admiral FreDjani,le delivered a brief addnas 
to the atudente, impreaiLiig apon them the great de4ic«biUty O'f 
tahia); every poBBible advantage of tbe inntruction given by the 
college, which had a staff of the moat compet«ot oBioiiala, and 
eiipreas^d hie gratiQcaiiou with tbe report of tbetr oomdnct, 
which he oonaidered to be highly aatistaotory. Five pritea were 
given for general progreie, and also for tbe beat papers in the 
summer aiamiDatioii, and focrteea B.tDdeBtB received priaea for 
progreas nnd akill in workmanship. 

PoptunoDth Dockyard. 

Itecently at thla yard there ha^ been a slight lull in thebtutling 
timea which hove been tbe natural wiod-op to a very busy 
Qaattoial year, ^nt it is the lull which precedes a very hamj 
pericHl. The arniOUriug of the Caiar ia now oomplete, and the 
work OD her is being steadily pushed forward. The Jlfiirt is en- 
gaging special atteatioD, and mnob overtime is being pat in on 
her, so that abe may be resay fur sea by tbe first week in Jnne. 
The proi^resB made with the Ocnn at Derotiport is wabobod with 
great interest here, and the Dccident which happened to her is 
regretted by all, as it ie eipeatsd that it will l>esoinetime hefon 
Devoopurt regsine tlie gronnd she will have lost, ftnd now it will 
be almost impoEHible For ber to catch up lo the OdnopiM By the 

beginnifiK of this noiitb the new pigeon loft at tbe Clarence 
ViotnalUng Yard will be oompletad, and nearly a hnndivtd birds 
will be inAtalled in it to begin with. It is a moat complete loft 
in every respeot. The Bluejackelii and Marines who aie to take 
part in the Jubilee u«iebrallan on the 22dA of Jane are to ba 
sent from this port under tbe command ot Csplaiti W. H, May. 
Of ouiirse (he greet day here will be the^Oth. The torpedo-boat 
deatroyer E^fser ie being spocially prepared for the v»^ of tbe 
Friaoe aod PriDoets Af Wales, and quite a yubl-like appeatanea 
will be given to the ve«ae1 on this oooaeioD. Tbe defect 
which waa discovered in the &lar while on hermaobinery trials 
tomaont to have been more aerioDs than was expected. On 
examination it waa found that one of tlie propeller tjouaea waa 
badly oraoked. A very aerious accident must bave bappemed if 
theeooident had been allowed to ^a uncheoked, fur tbe engines 
at the time were making 3tlS< revolutioaa per ciinuie. 

Capt&lB Mahan'a "Life of Nnlion." 

A close atody of this splendid work reveals the woaderfnl 



I 

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THE MABINE ENGINEER. 



[May 1, 1897. 




U PC. 



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Fio. 4. 



May 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



59 




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60 



THE MAEINE ENGINEEB. 



[May 1, 1897. 



powerirUoh. the sntbor faas se A bioitTnplier. a IftHtfr ef which 
ire were given in the brilti&Dt mtnu^croipb wbicb Cuptain M&bBH 
wrote opop the lite of Farrsffut. Tte bogb is a (ciiolarly and 

^CtV&t^ Itadj()f iha grea-t Admirnl'i <:orre«pOCd6DC^, Mhioh it 

uiftljiaH in cirdef to detect tbele&ding TeAttit^A ef teTnpera.iueDt, 
traJta of thoDglit trad motiTefl cf aoMon which tbis oorraBpond. 
•Doe rsT'eKlg. The itndf ia b does And complfi one. the inlereet 
growing Btronger uid atroDger bb the hisUir; prcceedg, A 
apecial featcire ia made of Nelaon'e love of honour Bud t^loiy, am 
well SB many eiamplea of hia great courage Bed haTdiboott. 
Boate, one ofhie midehipmeD at Santa Cruz, wrote; " Wheal 
beheld cur boat approach with him who, I may eaj, had beftn a 
■Moad father to me, hia right aJm dBOg-iiag bj hia siiie, while 
with t!lM other he helped himdelf up the ship's Bide, And with a, 

ipint wliul) aetoniehed everyone, Cold the aorgeoa he mnat 
get hie LDstriLnaentB reod^, for bo knew !be miut loaebia arto, and 
that the Booser it wu off the better-" M&n; other ioataiioea 
are given of NeleOD'a oouragfeoaa spirit, Kod of hie teDBoitj of 
OODviotioQ and Qiit? of pnrpoie. NeJBuii''a intimacj with Ladj 
Bamihon is dealt with in a fair, dlepBBBioDate spirit, aitd her 
ifiQuauDe upon his career is Qoither heighteiie<t or diminijihcd. Id 
Cftiptaia Maban's gpioion Lady Haniillon wbh the woman of roQ- 

■picueiiB besiat; and coasummate art whoBdminiatered to Kelaoii 
ft nnlc aod heady dranght of flattery whioh he wdb poweitees to 
raaiat. The author baa in abort rendered a diatiiict serrioe to 
nftvsl litermtnre. The boolc eontaioB manjr good portraits of 
Nelaoa, and man; eioellect battle placa. 

Frtnoh Rkt&I Hewt. 

Tico- Admiral Bennard's Bill far the reconatiiaotiOD of the 
Tiench fieet hae heen laid uooo the table of tbe OlLamber. Ito 
objDOt IB to igat a grant of 8U.O0O.0OO fnuici. ao that, the rienoh 
Navy may ^ put upon an Equal footiog wiLh tfaoae of the other 
Zniopican powen. Admiial Bennftrd, io hiepreanible to theBtll, 
Aaaerts that thtre i« nrnent need for tbe Goyerement to bei;iu 

the ooDatrDctioD of a 12,000 ton iroDi;ii»d, four QruiH«rQ of 7,&00 
toQB, acd two o( 2fi00 tom, font- torpedo-boat deatrojera, and 
mine ooaet defence torpedo boate, the ooat to be defrayod b; aix 
inatalineDta in the jefulji bedgeta between now aivd 1903. If 
theaa demand fl were granted Admiral Beanard oousiderB that the 
whole of the programine wonld be realised by I'SO-S. And he Digea 
Ihat tlie RT&at activii; id the dockyards of other oountriea giTea 
weight to his Bill, The amount of mooej voted for ooal for the 
Trench l^aTy for 18-96 appears to hare been either oudor- 
•atimnted oi elev there bae been a too lavish use of it, tjjr 
Adinit-fkl Beanard hiu joAt ilMned a oirccler drawing -ftttentioii to 
the fact that greater eoonutnj in the eonBumptioti of ooal tbia 
jrear mtiet be obaerred. Tbe €ngahip of the Frenab Northern 
fiqaadron, when enleringtbe are^nal at Cherbourg, nnFortanatelj' 
tooohed upon a rock, and auiieioed a rather levere iojarf. She 
is now nndergoisp rppaira which will probably last a month. 
The new flrat-closH battle«hi|> Clwriti ifarUl had themisFortuno 
tomeet nithan almoat aitoilar acoident. but the damnge id ber 

oa.i<a waa tfi^iog, end qbs w&b aUe to continue her triaJii, The 

ftrmouied Brst-oioBB erdiaei PothuaEi, having eonpleted herttiala, 
kafl beeti placed in reieTT«, ready loraea at four daj>a' notice, 
The firat-'Claai battleehip Slattma ia now ready for completion 
■nd trial a. 

Chatham Dockyard. 

Bapid progrecB vontiDoefl to be mode here witli altnoet ■''] of 
the *ork we have on hand. The lltunlriaut La fast approach In^ 
eonpletion, and ovary effurt is. to t>B made to have the Jujiittr, 
beraiater ship. oomplot«d bv the Ist of Jane, and ahonld her 
armaDient arrive in time there ia every reason bo believe that 
thia desire will be aooomptiahed. A Urge ataC ia at work npon 
her uid much Drertime ia heiog pat id. The OoUiHh. ia makjing 
foir progreBB, and ap to the prraent time an average of over IDO 
tODB per week baa been worlced into her, oloee iipaa 2.000 tone 
have altogether been buiiC ipto the TeBeel. It ie oxpeoted tbat 

the Jireeent B.DBnoial year will not be <|aite anoh tt basy one 
ma that whicb has immediataly preceded it. For instbooe, 
there haa bMn a rednotion in the laboor gran.t of oloee upon 
£40,000. £G9,940 ia to be apeot apon tbe I/fiuCrioui this year 
kod £69,400 upon the Vindietivt, tmth of which are lo be oom- 
pleted before the end of the jrear, £101,600 will be expended 
open khn Qoliafli, aad only £7,000 upon the JupiUr, and the Uit 
And J»pUrr will havo £3,G(iu and i3..8(K> spent npoo them 
reBpeotively, whiet will epniplote them for eea. Several veHeU 
are dowti too for eiteoBive repaiie, atnobg whioh are tbe li'tiinty, 
wbi«h will take apover £1 7,0rxi, over £19,000 to th>ai>7-e3cf fk^u.j 'if r 



the ArcthuMt £14,3j!6, and the Tartar, JVo^dvl: end Htl^wW 
three of whioh are to hare eome thoaaande spent opoo them. 
The river Medway here hne been greatly itoproved ainoe the 
formation of the Copgrrvaopy boft^d. A lioe of HCa£ baoye haa 
been laid down in the tivei between Cha.tbainaad SheemeaB, and 
vombIb can now go up and donn without hiadranoe of any kind. 
No matter how dark tbe night, battleehipa and merobant TeaaalB 
aan now navigate the Medway in safety. 

The Re-ariDAtnent of the Older IronoIadB. 
The paper read by Lord Charlas Bereefoicd at tbe Inatitation 
of Naval Arohileota, on the adviaability of re-artning oot older 
iroD'OladB, raised a great deal of diicotaion. Hia retoarka were 
oonfined b> the aeventeea veMeU oat of forty-fife wbiich are 
armed with obeolete amule loadera. Lord Ohailea doea not 
propoae to make any etraotural alterationa in the VHeete. the 
alteration he proposed huving- to do aJmoat aoUly with the 
ma){a>iiie actrommodstion and arrangemanta neOswary to aBIOte 
the certain and r^pid sopply -of f^naok. firing amtnUnitionH He 
reckoned that the eoat of theaa alterationa, together with the 
new gtiDB, woeld require an outlay of about £1.100,000, of 
whioh aum £900,000 woold go to cover tbe ooet of the garis and 
tbelr moontiogs:. Lord Cbaj-tea argaed tbat to spend this money 
in the way anggested by bim would he well worth oor while, and 
Bummarieed hie coDoloaiona aa followa. 1. Tbat to retain obio- 
lete and alow veieela armied with RnviEle-loadiag gone in the A 

or It diTiaion ai 1be fleet B^aerve ia mi^Teading to the public. 

5. Tbat theae reeiwls could never be of oae in wartime, even 
after tho Brat line bad bMTi deatrojed, ae all poaaible opponenta 
are armed with breeob' load i Dig ead often with qnick-'GriDg gone. 
3. That ail poaaibte opponenia wonld therefore have them at 
their meroy by superior range and projeoLile pewer. 4. That 
the money speot yoarly rn care aod cuaintcnanoe and repaue is 
abeolutely waated, ae tbey woold be of no neo in time of war. 

6, That at a coat equal to that of oae modem baUIeahip nod 
Doe omiaer, aeventeen of these veenrt^ aoold be rearmod and 

made eB'ective fighting anita. 6- That their conatnLCtion ia 
rigid enangh to stand the ectra atrein thrown Dpon them, and 
that the alterutieoa prapoaed are praoticable. They are tea- 
wDTthy and atable, and theii belt of armourwoiild, if combined 
with eqoal hittiog power, whioh at preMnt tbey do not poMeaa, 
make them formidubleentagooiate even to more modern reesela. 

QepmAn Havftl M Atteia- 

Tfae rejection of the Gern:iali naval programme, according to 
the Qarniab Pi'eM, is due to the inlerestad wovk of political 
partieiti bat it is stated tbat the great firm of Barr Rmpp 
will baijd the abipa. and in oaee they ahonld be refnasd by tbe 
German Government they will be aotd to foreign powera. 
There is little doubi that by the time tbey are finished, tbat is, 
■( they are commenced at all, the political parties in gueation 

will bavB become reDODciled by pne meaoQ <>t another to their 
being bougbt by Ibe GkiVoroiuent Heri' Kropp is to have Ibe 
building of the new station craiaer "G.'' which wiEl be laid 
down at Kiel. Early laat month a. new second-Qlaaa crniBer, 
tbe Victon^i LuiMc, late the " L," was laancbed at Bremen, tbe 
Hereditary Prince of Oldeobnrn presiding at the ovreraoay in 
the name of tbe Emperor. She diaplacee &,6G0 tone at normal 
draujilit. with 500 tone of ooa] uo board, and her lepgth is 
3t4 ft., breadiih, 57 tt., and draught, SO ft. li in. She is pro- 
teated on the chief gun poaiiions by fonr inches of Harvayed 
steel, aad has a 4'liki:h eteel deok. Her ariuan^ent coou&te of 
(wo S'* in., eight 6-in., ten 34'in., and (en 14 (jnick-Srsri and 
foor maohine gnns.. with three Bitbmcrged torpedo tubefl. Her 
engjaea are oBpable of twenty knole with a 10.000 H,P, Em 
orew coneistM ^f 440 men. The Priace o( Oldenbnrg,, in a 
speech at the lunch alterws,rda, attriboted tbe now type to the 
profaaatonal knowledge of the Emperor, and «xp(eflBed the hope 
tbat many otherB of heroUiiB would follow. 

Devonpopt Dockyard. 

Slobilising arinngemeutB in connection with the Jaliilee 
BfiTiew Beeme to ocuapy mc»t of tbe time bore, and it ia folly 

expected that tbe Review Ihia year will be on a qcale of ViS- 

parallcled luagnitniie. Active preparations are going on here 
on the Hslected vesHalB, which will hoist the pennant in aboat 
another month's time. Devonport's contribution will ooDaist 
of a large numbeT of ship a and men. and accordingly great 
efforts are being made to hnve plenty of men handy. Numbjers 
of men will bo retarntng from tbe foreign etatioce, so that 
although Lh« Beet which will bv mobiliwd wiJl be greater than 



Kay 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE ENQINEEfi. 



61 



* 



tliAt of oU»T yeftrt, it is utioipBted ihai no diffioolty vtll be 
fotmd in manning tbem. Th« great strides whicb. i^ere beiag 
made in the building of the Oetcn rMoived sn uneipected cheofc 
>boat B week sgo owiag to a part tii tbe framenorkof the vaKBel 
tumbling in. Foi'liiuiatBlf , and at the a&me time iQiraonloitBly, 
no injury or loas o( li(<i wbb Io bo reported. Ths coUapHe ut^f 
be dae to other cBUHeB, bnt it is generall; aeaigoed here to bathe 
cTBie for inpid wvrk in connectioQ nith tbc loneciug of the 
■bipbtlilding fecord. It ib to be bapod tbAt tbe Otbeir (no jBcda 
whiah h&ve bRttUatilpB aader conatmalion n^ll take heed of 
thla and dot Bn-criQoa eFSciency to speedy □onstroo'tiDn. The 
progreia of the three bs-ttleehips 'building haa now rsBched ui 
iDlereBlicg atA^e. Tlie Canopus bas b alii^bt leiul, bat thedlfTer- 
ei)«c ID the nei^bt of the mBterial built into the Portemai)t.h 
ebip mad tbe Oftwn ie graiJually beconiiafj lesseaeHJ. Tbe Goliatk 
ia to &U pUTpOses out of the raoe ai^hou|;fa she ie er&dited wjlb 
a flis wee&:'B start and the advactaga of being better equipped 
for her tnak. The coaet^ard tsbssIs Cetlingitood, Colouiu, 
Btnbow and Mtlamput are UDdergoiog: a refit, and among the 
other work ia hand may be tnentioned the Skarpgfiooter, whicb 
ia faaTiD^ a slight overhaal, Bud the completion of the Senown, 
Magitifiint, i/uiio and Derie, which will take part io the coioiag 
detaanatration of Qur nAval atron^h. 

To IiLcreaic tbe Speed ef Shipi. 

A einiple and comparatiTely iDezpeasiTe de7ic« for t^Lie par- 
ptMe and for preventiDg barnacles and c-orTOsioD, ia to be tested 
by tbe United Sfatea. GoremtneDt. Tbe mecbaoism of this 
iarention enrelopB Che ■ubiberge'd portion of a ihip with a film 
of oil, thna rcdnoing friotion and overoocuiDg to a larga decree tks 
leaifltanoe of tbe water. By its mearia, too, it ia said to be qnit» 
poesihle to oarr^ oil osder tbe surface of the water, Wjtboat 
the BlighCeat angtaeDtatioo of maohinerj or ettra expenditore of 
fael tbe inrenttir ctaimn to increooe the spead O'f Teaaele 25 per 
cent, by hie idea, Tbe Deoeacity of dry dookjag and aoraping 
will also be dooo airaj with. Tbe oil need ie crude petroleam, 
Mid the *;rtem ia bo arranged that in ron^h -we^.tber a large 
quantity of the oil obd be dUobarged alobf^ the aidea of the Bhip, 
and distributed over the aorfafo of the water, tbas pravidiog a 
more tffaotive inethod ot gresaing and imoothing high aeoa than 
any yet denaed. The covering cumpoaition ia ao oleoginoaa 
preparatioa of tallow, oaloiaMt carboo. and aeveral other ingre- 
dunto, which the inyentor 1ceep« lecret. Hn claimi that it 
bacdena in tbe water and oannot wash oCTi and that it ia poaeible 
to apply it t« sabDaarioo war projectilee, pensittiog double 
•elo*itj. The Aeuistant Swretftry of the UD)t«d Statea Nayy 
baa appointed CiiieP EBgineor Q. Cowie to report on tbe iareu- 
tioti to tbe departtnebt. 

itlt Vatep foF Bolicn. 
The trials which Mcsara, Yarrow have been oarryiug' oat ia 
order to aaceMaintho eflfeot opOn th^ir patent boilers of fooding 
tbem with salt, aa an alternative to fretih water, appear to have 
excited a good deal of attention among naval engm«era. It i^ 
not definitely known yet whether tbe trinlti with the Kipreaa 
I boUera were entirely BncceaBfol. but, anpposing tbcy were, tbe 
result would indicate many advantageii, including poseiblj an 
I inoreaae in the speed of veBseI?i- Eipi^itei ha'^'e alw^ya been fll 
[(tpinion that th« inaide i>f the tubes would bieonmo encroited 
[with the salt and so get <:iuiokIy stopped up, but Ues^rB. Yarrow 
'aje doing their beat to £>rave this theory wrong. They have 
been running a torpedo boat fitted with one of their boilers, 
with tubes only an inch in diamoler. aains; eea water oQlf, 
Tbe yaaetJ woa at sea for £yo conaecative aaye, eteamin^ for 
eight or ivn boars daily. The boiler na« opened ^fter eaob 
triul and it was fauad that little or no injcrione efi'ei;! had 
r»>alt«d from using: the sea water. The esperimentB wera 
chiefly oarried out to show that in oases of emergency it was 
Mpoaaible to uae aa it mater in the Btraigbt tnbe Eipreaa boiler 
^Bor a ooneiderahle period. 

■ Bfaecraefli Pvvky&rd' 

' Work at thig yard received aomewbat of a check at Eaatw. 
time owiou to the employees being away holiday-oiaking^, but in 
many departments work haa been caiTied on right through tbe 
boUdaye. On (he I'tliirut, for instance, tbe fi.tter» have been at 
work all throe^b in covaeqa-ence of her being eomewbat back- 
ward in the dat« of her defiarture tor her eip>eri mental trials, A 
defect which wSs diieoverad in one of bee OondeQBera gave a 
eonaiderabla amount of trouble and was psrClj to blama for the 
delay. Abont the same ([me ao sec id ect happened to Ibe torpedo- 
.boBt destroyer CotiUsl, when retnruioig from night praetice. she 



having ran aground on llie Weat Sbore. The gunboat iSIon^y 

alaawillided with Ibe port guardahip Sam P^mj, being oarried 
by tbe flood tide on to her bows. Tbe dtj* ftfter.apaaaing Bteemer 
fooled the Sianttie, oatTyioR away her bowsprit. Work geaerally 
pnrsnaa its usnal oooTBe, bot there is a decided prosanre of 
overtirco on the SmaUt>m aad BarracouCa, and this preaanre of 
work will be ceotiaaed until tbsee ve«eels are ready for sea. The 
trHnafor of the training ot Bitokera from tbia yard to Chatham ia 
thought to be a diatioct advantage, aa for aocoe lime past there 
haa been a diffiualtj in finding accommodation for tbe meo. 
which baa been tamporariry overcome by flading them bertha on 
the .Sana Fated. Refitting ia qaw the prinoipal work hare, both 
the SwaUDa and HottpuT being cinder repair, although in the 
latter case overtime has not been resorted to to get her readj- 
The Ciicf is having her defeets made good prior to bar taking 
up her doties in the North Sen. Three of the torpedo-boat 
deatrayera are in band, and tbe Sii'ttrilfith la alao having' a few 
defects made good. The litiliy baa \aat had ber gone rvmoved, 
and her disarmaioeiLt otoeea the career of the " Oom " oUae of 
craiaen. 

P«mbPoke Doehyord. 

Uoat attiafactory triala have be«n oarried out on the Ha-n-nibat 
here, tbe pieliminory trial of her propelling engines beiag'Toted 
a Boooessi the eoginee being kept working for some hours. Tha 
delay which Mourred waa owiog to one of the side valvM of the 
atarboard engine giving oat dutin^ the firet w^ter t^at. Ay unt- 

iitiQ of tb« futare ariaitgeineihts which the AdiuirA.1ty bare ^ven 
their approval to has been reoeivcd here, and baa oauaed much 
adverae oriticiam. Aceording; to Chase arran^meats the 
Samiilal ia to remain at HoblM Point nutil ready to be sent to 
FortacnoDth in October next, that ehe ia to be masted and rifrged 
at this port, bet that her gone are not to be shipped until after 
her arrival at Portamoncb. Tbe Aiidromeia when laonohed ia 
to be taken to tbe mooHnKB now occopied by the Thiindirtr, and 
this veuel to proeeed to the Wear Buoy, a-od as aoon os the 
Unnnihoi daparta tbe Androvwda will ocriipy horpoSitioni and the 

port Rosrdehip return, to her present mooringa. The keeping of 
tbe Hannibal at Hobba Point ia held to be a mistake. Host of 
her heavy gear, whioh it would have been more expedient to have 
abipped at Portamoiitb, ia already on board, bnt the boilers and 
engioeaof the Anirorntda, which inolnde maity weighty piecea, 
will now have to be put aboard after ake geta afloat. That tieing 
BO. the advantage to be gained from berthing tbe latter Bi»i)Br 
ibe aheer legs for a time can be plainly aeen. We b^ve now 
received the detailed plans for the new jetty, on ifhiob abeer 
lege to lift ISO tone •'ill beBttt^. 



Freih Fruit from Qneeniland. — About thirty caaes af 
marigoea and pineapples from (jaeenstaod have lately been 
landed from the British India Co.'a a.a. Jumna. Tbe frait ia aent 
as piesenta. to several peraona of note, and aonie of it has been 
forwarded tc C:imiei tor the Queen. Tbe Imit. which waa 
landed in perfect condition, was preserved by means of a Linde 
refrigerating maehioa. The diatinotive teatare ot this syeteofl 
U a oontinoooB oiroalation of pure eold air. free from moiatorei 
and aa the voya^ from Queensland ia the moat trying ot all, it 
Baema to have effeotnally solved the problem of tbt impoitaliaa 
of fruit tbro-Q,gh the Tropica. 



King'i CalUjfe. LotwIoiv. 

We have received a syllabus of tbe claaaea and inatraotioB 
avikilable for stodonts during tbe scasion IS'Jii.?. The atadenl 
will find that be ican aoit his study to his persoaal oonvenienoe 
and to bie other engBgnmenCa, for there are both day and evening 
oour»eo. The subject of ftiobiteeture receives ooniiderabla 
atteqtiii«. There is a time table fit a three years' eoaraa. in 
wbiob many kindred aabjeota are inelnded. Diawing. ohemistij. 
phyaicB, meobanioe, mineralogy, follow of oonrse, aa do civil 
an^ueering and building coUHtructioc, and in the third year sDoh 
ipseial anbjoota OS plumbing and ventilation, bnt divinity — aave 
in ao far aa it may have a bearing on eccleeiastical arcbjtectnre 
— seema rather oatBide the cnrriouhim, tc the evening covrea 
there will be lectnrsB established by the Carpenter*' Company On 
architeotnre, and a good deal ot attention is devoted to the study 
of wood oarriag. Tbe fees aXe low, and evea those who nay not 
desire to fallow octt tbeao atndiea in their inbeetinenE life work 
may find that attention to them will eipand the raiiid, and giva 
very interesting and valuable information whicb may afterwards 
be naerul in any walk of life. 



62 




THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



[iTay 1, 1897. 



NAVAL ZNOIKZEB APPOINTMENTS- 



Tbe followiDg appoiotinests have beeu made »l the AdmiraJt; 
fniQi M»rob iJTth W April 24th, l8i)7 :— 

AJUiti, O. B., BtnS «p|{i[ieer, bsa beeu ndFOuced to Ibe rank of 
(leef engit!B6f in Her Mnj^Htj'sfieet- 

CoUingWOOd, R., ecgin^Ar, bae heea promoted to tii6 r^nk of 

^-acting ohief engineer in Hei llBjeai;'!! flast- 
CollJDgnoad, Ricfa&rd, no Cing- chief enginaer <« the Hatard, to 

AmXo Febmsry 8tli. 
CartiB, F. T. VI., obief engisoer to the Pruiient. addition*] for 

■errice ab rt«ident oreraeeT of g'tuD monDtingH Kt works of 

U^qgrs. Whitworth & Co., Mjiiicli«ater. 
Dslrjrinplfl, Joba S , eDgiae«t to the UvriWur, otlditional for 

tha Bfiigon, to date Mvota tJ^th. 
Edwards, B. W., ebaif cngiaeer, hu been advanoed to the r&nk 

of Seel eegineer in Ber Mkiieitjr'a B«et. 
Graham, Waiter J., cbief engineer to tbe Fhiibt, ta date Uftroh 

2Btb. 
Qufabt, B. G., oDKineer, hnv been pTomattid to the nnk of ohief 

«nuineer in Her Majeatj'a fleet. 
Gajnti, Edwud Q , ohiet &Dgiiieer to the £y(Fia, to dftt« Febru- 

fciy IStb. 
Goyer, Thomu S., engioeer to tbe ClffT, to date Maxell 9Sth. 
Hal^ihinga, Fiederiok H.. enginear to tb« lifEcry, tvddiitioiiKl 

for tbb Datiier. to date April 17eb. 
Ladgate, W. Q , eoglnaer to the Ptmbrokt, ftddittonal forlb« 

Qratihopper. uniiated. 
Oi^ao, Jo«ei>fa. fleet eugineer, bsB been placed on the Be tired 

Liat of bJB TaDk, 
PeodletODr Fr»Dk R., aaeietaat eaginoer Co tbe Vietery, addt- 

(ioni^ for the Hannibal, to d&te Uaivh £iMb. 
EajrooldB, Tbomaj &., Qogineef to bb« Cfitnt, to d&te Manh 

aeth. 

Bore^dh, Semaal A., obief cDginear to the rit't-if . &dditioD&l for 

the Fyraniiit, to date April £lat. 
Shore;, ChArlsa E., eiiglDe«r to the Tru/algar. to date March 

_2litb. 
Smith, Edgar C, aesietant eogiaeer to the JTildfiic, tidiiidan^ 

til tbe San* Partit, U> dat« April 21at, 
B'prj. P, M. D-, euginwr, ta* bflen promoted to tho raokof 

obibf eugia«er in Her Uaje«ty'i Beet. 
Stewart, Chartee Edward, ataff toginear, boa been plaoed oa the 

Kfi'tired Liat of hia rank. 
TUbnwk, Cliarlee F. H.. chief engineer to tbe t'lVinri/, additional 

for aerrioe with gon and torpedo- boat, vice 8, A, Bcreeob^ 

to date April 21at. 



HOAR ft BROWT4'S HARDWOOD MARKET 
REPORT^ APRIL 24th, 1B97. 

TEA.t. Loo. — The dellveriea during the paat fonr montha have 
been fairlf well np to tbo standard. Tricea hare reinaioed flnii, 
Intt witbpnt apj adTtnce, and the stock U uoobaoged, hut a oou- 
aiderable <li>Bntit]r oonaiata of second-oltiBB q^aliLj, and holders 
of gnod atook are annioiiB to pot a«iile a ^ropollion fcr thmr 
regular IjOndon and wiiiEtry onBtomera. Eaqaittea from the 
CoDtioont hav>p been freely cirenlated, but the London market ap 
to tbe pr^aaiit have he^v lar^t^ly uiisiici^aiirul. 

The- near ficmtiTig Biupply of ^ood ahippera ia PonipnratiYely 
SToall, hut parcclfl ore codtinnallj arriving nior^ or leas of daQbt- 
ful qiialit;^! rnatuDg it diScult to gaaisstee auppl; for forward 
ooBiriwte. 

Valtiea for tiret-olaaa timber ar« not likely lo exporjeiiDe a 
downtvard moTemeot wliile the arrival a ai-e so unsntiifELOtory, 
bat lower prion* map be heard of for the itiferior paroela. 

pMVKR,^ — The stock hsfl berome very amall in coitipariaon 
with tbe paat. but from I.riOO to 2,iX)0 losda is ample for the 
Ijondon coneuoiplion, and npuo tbe alock etceediDg these figures 
prices are alwaje known to immediately docHioo. At present 
tbsi outlook does not warrant bdj fati in Talnos, 

UADO«J>^V. — Stocks aio ligtt, tbo mppLoa have b«on of a 
tn«BRre oharaoler, and prices at a<icti>on have remained firm. 
Honduras. — Bil^Ars are eagsr to take op both large and Bmall 

aiiex, and there is little remainiog uoaold, Tohaeoo. — The late 
importutiona are nf poar deaaription. hut purehaeere were easily 
found to take it all. Tbe sloak on hand ia small, ^icnragoa. — 



The demand is good, bat at low^r ptioes (hao. of late in conaa- 
laeoo^of the inJenoroondition that moet cif the parcols arriiwd 
in. UinatitEait. — The tiiarkel haa beeti pr^ttj bB.re far aome 
time, large to medium aisee have sold well, and Bome further 
stock ia wKDled. Panama. — Sound lo(^ are in (^ood demand, 
and the ioferior (qualities (oansideriog tbe very bad oouditiori of 
late importations) hare aold well. Afrioaa. — There la an 
in-oreaaing demand, and prioMi hare become much firmer both 
for large and amaller hIeos. 

Cuiu. — Sin-ce the East public bhIq there ia little left in dealera 
hands, prjoea ars high a.pij Kke-ly to remain very &rm, the 
arrivals are rxpci^ted tA tio Itmitcd, 

St. Domi>;go. — Only Bmull Ions can now be obtained at the 
docks, and the rHoes are folly high. A cargo arriviDg of 
Bound and liisble aeleotioo wonlil at the preseot -moment 
realize a bandsone profit to Cbe ehipper*. 

OaVAB. — fbo importationa have been limited, bot enqairiea 
among tho oigar-boc trade have for some months been ligbt, 
there is plenty oF cheep cedar in the market from Paraguay, 

wlbich ke«pB doirn the priqe of other q-DalitieB. 

Es<;t'ori (CklLforpiij.a Itedwood.) — The iinantlitieB forced npOB 
thfr taarket without reaarve woold bave at any other time been 
mire aiaaetroDB, and a a it happened the prioea dropped troio 
2a. 3d. to la. lid. for tbe time bting, but lor theneit few moathj 
alorka are likely to remain light, aid pric«»> may ateady them- 
aelTea agaic. 

Kawbie Fme. — The buaiDese inoreasea and provi'Jed stooka 
are k«pt short enongb to allow the Dia>ke(B to be propetLy fed 
the importers will reap the bi-nsflt, 

AsfEKicas Witxi^T WoviD Loos. — The large uureeerved aalea 
faafs olcared olTa quantity oT a^dnd-hand goods of low daaa at 
isferior prioea. hot the atocka of this qaality is Btill soQioieatlT 
large for [eqaireTDenta. There i> a demaod for laige prime 
wood,, and good priaea ooald be obtulned. I'laoke and Hoards. — 
Second-class stocks are heav;. and prtcce wcah, tlie better 
qnaliiiea are more sought after and rea1ii.D better prafita, 

GnxiiMiutJT. — Very little enquiry abuot ftiid prlcea appear 
weaker. 

PmoOX — 'So freab errivala to ropoTt, the valaea beep flr&i for 
good aoand, eqnare, well-cotoared toga. Some public salea of 
badly (converted and lejMited timber have taken pluoe lately, 
but tbe support was weak, and the realitatioo moat have shown 
a 1oai upon the shipping prices. 

Bosinese of late haa been atraineil by the high prices, aod 
much of tbe hand-to-moutb policy ie noticeable. 



INPUSTRIAL AND TRADE NOTES. 

THE CLYDE AND BCOTLAND. 

(J'roin cruf oicn CorrttponiUni.] 



If is to be regretted that tbe oonsnltationB wbich have 
extended over the greater part ol two weeks between 

repreeeotativea of the Engineer Employers' fc^ederation and of 
tha Amalgamated Society of Engineorii, have failed to settle 
the maini^OHBlion, the principal object for which theoonferenoa 
was broTi^ht tof;elher. It is a queatioi) that has been brought 
□p, for tbe last quarter of a oentury or more, at atated intervals 
by tbe men, viz,, the working of machiaee, which remains 
einctiy aa it was a month ago — not tbe aligbtest progress 
baviag been made towards a Hettlemsnt. Tbe reproaeolatirei 
of thei A.S.E. were invited to sngReat a Bolntion of the difficulty, 
They propoaed that a local committee should be eBtiblisbeJ in 
eaob ilietrict, to which all qaeetiona regarding maohineB could 
be referred; the oommitiee to consist of an equal number of 
etnplojera and m&n, andubo that the Board o[ Trade might bs 
asked to arbitrate in tbecTeiit of tbe comEnittee (ailing to aettla 
a dispate. To this the employers intimated their inability to 
aooept, Colonel Dyer, cbairtnan of the oonfareoce. givrag olearlj 
the poeition of the Federation in the (oUoniDg remarks: — 
" Wi' bave ooDSiderad your propoBsIs ae to machinea very oaro^ 
fully, and rogret to say that, in our intcreata, in lliose ni other 
worktoen, in the interestB<if the general trade ot the ooaotryi 
add, as we believe, in your own permaneDt intereata, we can 
see no proepeot of Oiur tnemberB aoccpting yaor proposala or 
maklD^ any counter -propoflals on the lines you have indicatc'd 
The eoiplovcra are at all timea willing to meet the members ot 
your council to discuss, and, if possible, to arrange any qoca- 



May 1, 1897.] 



THE MAItI^'"E ENGINEER. 



63 



tioDji which nmj MWe. e,nd tb^y nre wilting (o nppQint nnjrobera 
t6 Aelve on local boards to utrange (feaertA risea and tails of 
vtRcn. Tfaey cfl.iiaot, however, d^lcf^Kte any further- unthority 
(o ihe bcariJa joTi propoae. or inveet them with ihe power to 
interfere with Iha mterDftJ DiftuiLgement of th« works. Under 
lh(> existing maDa.ge)iiinit of tbe mi^ohanioal works of the 
conntry, Ihe eDgineeriDg trade has steadily increased in rolums 
*nd importaai-e, nnd tLcre is therefore av vnlid r«A90[) lor 
»1t<-M0|^ *> condition of tbingB which «xpcrL«De« baa proved to 
luve been ancceBRfol fiir other *,rrftng*ni6ntB which, the 
uuplo-^arfi loel. woold he faUl to the interests vt &I1." 

IJie A.S.£. r«pteeiiDlalivea ai^alii brought this quention 
forwB,rd, aekiog the employerB if they ixM Dot tna \htif 
VBy to make eome coanier-propoeala. Colonel Dyer, ia 
leplyiug, oscfi luote emplibeiHeil cbe posiiio'a taken up by 
th« federntiou, fiubiiiittiii^ to the eugideera' fCpfe sen Utiles 

■ tl)« followuig siatement: — "To mako ol&ar to jon the reaeooB 
Lwhich bjLve iufluanced the executive of the FederBiiiyn in (lot 
I maldDg a coimter prapoesJ, we wigh to mention one or two 

points wbLcb we think will ihow you we bad no atbei conrM. 
The first point is, ibsl in ciuceptiijg Clause I. of jonr prapwal 
[that providing for the appoiutment ol iiomniktlefe} tlie whole 
fixiste-Dae of the Fcderatioii Wonld be broa^ht to sn. end — ^in 
taet, if yOQ look fairly at your propoa&l jda will sea at oric« that 
it LmountB lo a uii^^iestLOii to supersede tbe Fedf rution by com- 
tnitlMB praotically coutrolled bj oulsidcrs, Tbia In itself la a 
fatal objection- We caonot for one moment alloiiv Boyihioe to 
weftken cut Fedeiation or interfere with its fonotione. Tbe 
^fecond objecUoa is partly mcluded in the HrBt, ant! is, thatyour 
'^roppsals introdace tlie plicaipleof a Honing oataide nrbltratiou 
to tolce ooTttroI at tbe TnaDagemtnt of otir works. This we cnn- 
nol csoDcede. With anch viial di If ereii^ea between na. we fell 
]| would be nael«BS to actcnipl to make any counter-proposal. 
Snch a proposal from us wauM be so entirely incompatible in 
principle and intention witli yours, that we felt tbe two could 

■ not be diBcoaeed by UBto^etber with any hope of bringing tbe lu 
"Into line. Btaiilca tin's, during oor c^Dsid^rsition oi jout prO- 

p08i,lB it became evident to tis that any conn ter-propos ale on 
our part which wculi! necesaarily retain the Federation bh 
•aprefUie on our side would simply brins ne. back to praoti- 
oaliy oar preseot positiou^ — viz.. tbat of having local aasocia- 
t ions on our eiiie, and district cominiLteeB on yonts, to deal 
[_vith diepntea, ftnd with the Federation on our »>ii«, nnd th« 
l.Bi.^t Council on yonra, as fiiml appeals. As these or^Sniaa* 
|fioiiB Hiready eaist, and as their aid ean very readily be invoked 
r either side. 1.0 councer-propoBal cvas needed to bring them 
'"iito heme We wi.h to discliim any disoourissy in not havintj 
any coanttr proposals to brinp forward. It wan nnly after foil 
conaideiatiim ot jour prcpoaalu thai it was seen we were prac- 
tically sbat np to ib» ooprae we bave adopted, ]f yon nave 
jkuy si^gKeotipna to make »lii<;h would fa-t^ilitate- tbe working 
lof the «xiBting local rjrganisatioDiB, and which would not iuv<ilve 
[the pnnciplHrs %vbich yoar present proposalB introd:uce, acd 
LWhich are objected lo by us. ne shall he miifit happy to folly 
EDODiider ihem . but at present we do not see where the good can 
done by oreiting cammitieea in addition to the esiating 
[arfranlaailoDe, wbich are almoiit identical in cbsrseleritndfCQpe 
^Wilb Ibo&B yoQ sugj^^fti." 

Thia statement was the last refeTcnce to the maehitie qnes- 
dlan. but farther conimani cat ions are lo be s^inl by tbe 
^Emptojers'' Federation to tbs A.S.E.. and by tfae A.8.E. to the 
fTMeraiion, and alihimgh the coaJtrmce has seijaraled, there 
ifl alill hope in thu anticable attitude which pteruileJ, Tbe 
Otber two poinle, one, ibai of trial-trip wa^vs and allowancep, 
whioh was regarded hb eecond in imporlaccB, ttaA tettled on a 

liberal baeis, the nitn wirh lorpedii-boals and dastroyera are to 

I bave, in additicn to shop wh^s and over-tima allowance, a boutis 

of 5b. tor the bsilderh' prelimioaiy trials, fis. fo.r tbe hnildeis' 

Onal trialii, and lUs. for ihe cfUcisl full- power Iriuls With oilier 

warships ehtlhtly leas rates aro to be paid. There is to. be n 

ktooue, in addition to the thop-liae, tor every hovir tbe 

I tt>^D«er la on board ur in attendance, on voxels delivered at 

ports other than where they -were built. The remaining iiue«. 

tiOB, that of overlinie, v»a also uinioably settled, the conference 

«eTt«ing that the ordinary notk and avartime of any openitivc 

•ball not be sUowed lo exceed 2\S haurs in uny fr>iir wceki', 

^n ia cases of emergency, bicakdoRo, or rep&in. This s^rev- 

ntia to-liave a eis mouths' trial, 
Bbssra. Wm. Simons A Cq„ Limited. Renftew,hav*i received 
»o order tocoiistroct two Urge l.-JOO-lon steam hopp«r barnea, 
lltt«d with twin-screw triple- eipan^ion ent^ineBaiidbailcre, from 
Lthe Meney Dockn sod Uarboor Board. 



Mesera Wm, Denny & Bros., of Dombarton, have cOiitriLettd 
tobqild for the Union 8teamahip Co,. Limited, of Sew /.6it[tt»d, 
a hi^rh-claaB etearoer to be employed in their New Zealand 
passenger service. As in, the case of all the other recent addi- 
tions til this Heet, tbe new vessel la to be dASscd exclusively 
with the British Corporation reuiatry. They line also oon- 
tricted to boild, (or the Brttisb India Steam Navigation Co,, a 
ffteaujer of (,3l}i> tone. 

Messrs. Tbe Caledon ghiphnilding and HngineeriBft Co., 
Limited, of Unoilea and London, have lately booked a (nrtber 
order with tbe Clyde Shipping Co., Limited, which will mske 
Lbs lath vsasel built by them for the same company. The 
vessel ia lo be a hjgb-apecd paSHen^irer and oargo stoamer of the 
following diman»iona :~2U0 ft, by'S^lft. li in by H>ft. 4 in., and 
aboQt 1,300 tons Krose. Shf will have foar powerlol siaum 
oranvB. two st^am winob^B, ttisti steam steeriiiig g*^ar, and other 
eqaiiimentR oF (be latest type, A^oumroodation will be provided 
for about ^.lO tirat-ulibSii paasengsri'. Her engines will be of Ihe 
triple-expunaion type, having cylinders, 35 in., 40 in, and it5in. 
by >1H in. stroke, working at leO lbs. prpssuro, ami a aeparate 
boiler (or aupplying steam for the cranea and wim-beB. 

Mesara. The Grangemnulh Dockyard Co., Grangemouth, have 
rooeived nn order to build a steamer fur Mr. F. le Boulangee, 
shipowner, awanaea, 

Measra. J. M'Artknr & Co., Paisley, have contracted to bnild 
a Bteel Bt.eBmer ot abiiut 350 tons );roEs lor Indian owners. She 
ia intended for coasting purposea. 

Sle»sr&. Murdoch & Murray, shipbuilders, Port-GIaagow, have 
contr«eltd lo build a twin ateel a crew-al earner for pasaengar 
and cargo earvice on the rivBr AmnEOD, similar in iimeosigas 
to previOQH aLeameF^ built by them for the Amazmn traffic. 
Meaars. Loes, Anderson & Co., Glasgow, will soppily two sets of 
compound enifinee. 

Measrs. Charles Connell & Co., Wbiteinch, have contracted 
to build for Liverpcwl owners,* large screw ateamerover 400 fb. 
long. 

MeaatB. Carmiobael, U'Lean & Co.. Orteoook, have oooti-acted 
to baild tor English oWnerH (onf Hteel-«cre# elsamera, eaofa 
140 (I. inletigth, to be erigagtd in tbe flsh-carrying trade and 
to fltaam 12j knots. They have also received an order ficm 
Meaara, T. Albert, Crcmpton A Co., LonOoji. to build two lOO- 
ton stsel lighters tor ssrvice on the river Volga. Rosaia. 

atessTB, R. Napier it Sena, GlaBi;'0T, have ceoeivBd an ordw 
from Meesrs. Deves & G. Cbaumet, ot liord«s-ax, to bnild n 
Bteamec ol ■-J.OUOtone de«dw6i(jbt. She ia lo have a speed of II 
ktots. 

M«eBr#. Paul Jones « Son, Goiiroolt, have contracted to biaild 
a tin ft, DHimier motor launch for an EcKlish gcnlletnan. 

Messrs. 8te[ hen & Sons, Llnthonse, have contracted to build 
a steel steamer of acoDt H.'iOil tuns for tbe Britteh India Steam 
Navigaiion Co. 

Uessrs, ('sird A Co., Green*ck, have tontraofed t« bnild two 
sted imio-eerfW atoamera, each 300 ft. in lonjtth, foe Ihs 
Carryini^ot ciirgoand with moaeratepaBBenger accommodation, 
for the f. 4 O, Co, 

Mesara. Scott <E Sons, Bowling, have aecuied an order to bniH 
for Mr, W. liobertson, Glasgow, a steil steamer of about 750 
lona, to carry about LOiilO Iijds deadweight. 

Tbe well-known lirur steamer A/hole, whi«h Ins been laid np 
tit Bowling for Boin& time past, baa been purchai^ed by Captain 
John WJhameon. 



TRADE NOTES FROM THE TVNE. WEAR, 
TEES, HABTLEPOOLS. ««}■ 

{from our Dion Coireipandtnl.) 



THE TTNK. 



Shipbulldtdg.— So far as tbe ebipbuildinK induttry ia ooa- 

oetned, matttrs conlicuc in a «t"t6 of quietiide. very few new 
ordBtB b&ing beard of, soil no sinns being ohwrvable of a reonr- 
rt-noe of the strOog detniind for tonnage whioh eiieied during the 
l»at quarter of lust year. That the demard during the peiiod 
refeired to was eoniewbat overstrained tbere ia no doubt, for 
many of ihe orders then placed hnvs been caccelled, and othari 
ba*B been IranaJerrfd. The rescliou may, of cooibp, h«To been 
brought alont by the tronbles in the eaai of il-gropo filltug Ibe 
public mind with fears of a geieral uj'lwairel that would dis- 
organize comnKreial a^aira in all coualrica. This ia ooe way of 



61 



THE MAKINE ENGINEER. 



[May 1, 1897. 



■olving' tbe problemi and it Mema to potaeaa a coDsiderable 

a.(nQDnt of rvoAon i but fQT 9ur pQu-t W9 inQlane tc %^9 opinion 

that th« ffibantiofi hue b««ii mot6 di^eatljf itiSiieii««d hf f«&r«i of 
indnatrisl diitTiTbance Bt hbuie. L»fit mADtb, ftt this time, a 
greet conSicD between tbe empto^en in the engio earing trade 
and that important seotioii cf the oper&liTea who olaim affinicj' 
with tker Amalgom&t^cl EDgineers' Si>ciel.y. seeined imminent ; 
but a trQoa baa beon declared, and tbe Btorm maj not non bnrat. 
•iter all, nnboB sanie farther oomplicatioo arit«a, nhicb maf 
force tb« baadft of «ithrer the ^mpl'OjiarB or tho aperatiTeB. This 
«tBt« of mattera hM been brougat aboot bj tbe dietinot reTiiBal 

-of the «inp]Djera tb admit of lui^ int«rferBU(>e id the EtiBnage- 

netit of their works by uij odtaide portj whatever. Tha trada 
VDioDB hwt become so &g;gTfiiB\VB andrliolatorial th&t amon^tha 
gSTiieral publio gcyme donbt eiisted as to whether or not the 
«mplci7er8 had control of tha WQrk». So fnr as regordB tbe 
engineering emploj^TB, this doubt hna dor been diapelJed, for 
tliBj hsTei declared their detenu inal ion to claim the oontrol. a.Dd 
to k«ep it luidfir all ciroamalaaoes and at aay ooet. If tho 
reoent confer«iioe betTveen ihe r^prvaent^tiyev of the tnutfirs 
Bud the msD in Xjondon h&d no obhe-i reeatt thAq this, it ig ««r- 
tai&ly a matter for congratnlatioii tb&t it wba held, as the 
priiiojple that has been affirmed will donbtl-eas have ft fltMng 
aigiiifi(!aDC« for emptojera in olber trades, bo that the^ ntckf be 
nerT'ed to f ol low tbe fine example apt them, aod refuae topei- 
mit further enoroechmeiit« bj the trade unioni. 

Tbe deolaratlon of theeoitineering'eaipiojora toreoogniBonoin- 
terfersDCe bj oatsidem in the manageuieDt of their work a has. 
iod^ed, aliead J product a ffwid eSect iu tha kiodfed indoatrj of 
ahipbaildin^. It will be reib«iaW«d that a Very bitter diapato 
had existed between the caalkera acd drilled on Lbs T-^aa and 
elaewhere.as regards the apportionment of oertftin work to whioh 
both Mctiona had set up olaiiDB. The right of the enployere to 
decide &B to who ebould do tbe work, for wbieb Uie; wonJd be 
eipeoteid to pay, wae entirely ignored in thia matter, and it was 
reiened to the adjudication of an BrbitrBtJoa board. The 
deoiaioD of this tribiuial, howarer, wan unpattktabla to cne of the 
parties offected, and waa coDfiequeotly dieapproTed and nipndi- 
6t«d. A patAhed-ii^ aettlemeut ■wb.b, honisTer, Habaeqnently 
arriTed at; bat it waaptainly stated that tha eettleoieiit wb4 only 
temporary, sod that B.a Att&mpt woald be made to apportian tbe 
wori difterently to the apportionment of the arbitrjition horini. 
aa MHin aa opportauity offered. In other worde. it was iotimat^d 
that one- of the partiea noQld, ia their own gcxxl time, take 
whateTer their minda inclined bo, witbont any regard to the 
employora' wiahea or tbe other partiae' claims, Thi» was aktate 
of «JEair« wbii;li might irell caoae appreheDeion in tbe pobtie 
taibA i for it seemed that the ahipboildin^ trade waa going to be 
involTed in a great diflpnte aa well bb tbe engineering trado. 
Now, haKevar, tbe OitiDaunf^enaent hna b«en murda that, aa the 
r«auit of proloDgeJ aegotiationa between tbe rival claimantfl, the 
■ettlement of tbia detnaroBtioD queation baa been lefL to the 
employera. Tbia, ofoourae. ia aa it ahonld be. and moat people 
will agrea that it never ehoold ha-re beeo ont oT the haode of the 
employera; but it ia aometbiag that in these daya a trade 
Booi«ty of aaeh pretensioca M the Scrilenoakera' ahonld aoknow- 
tedge that the erafic^bta are tha right parties to settle a diapnte 
of thia deaeriptiOE. itnd ffiffd the work to whom they clioBe, VVe 
are getting back to Hret prinoiplee npidly, aud if W9 go on 
at thia rale we ahall good come within measarable distanoe of 
the time when erery individaal may do whatever honeat work be 
ia able to da, without let or hindrance frotn anyooe. 

At tbe Elawiclc yard of Meaara. Armatrtmn, Wbitwortb A. Oo. 
azoepUenal briakaeaa oontiniiea to exist ia the outaide depart- 
ViWlta, ai well pa at the frame fornaoea and adJDating sheds. 
Tha deliverieia of aleel plate's and other kipd^ of conatrvotiTe 
■uaterial have been verf heavy for aome we^s p*Bt : bnt as tLe 
Gonaij^Dtnonta are being: ateadily abaarbed by tbe work going on, 
DO escmsive aocnmalatioo ia likely to arise, and tber« lb nothing 
liO preTent the deliveri^a being kept up at tb« eatnn rata aa 
bilberto doriog the remaining oiODthe of tha year. Very aon- 
aiderable pitensiooa are being made in the ahipyard aa well as in 
other parts uf tb« works, and Cbero is reaaon to«Tpeot that in a 
tittle time the p^od^cti¥o (Opacity of the establiahniBnt will be 
aabatantliklly incre^kBed- 

At the eonpany'i Low Walkeie yard th^ briskoMB noted in 
former reporta ia well matnta.iDed, aad the aa,me remark appli«$ 
to other abipbnllding yarda in the immediate neighboorbood, 

Maaara. Wighain RiohardaoQ ft Co. hare their baildiag bertha 
well filled, and are reported to have recently reoeived an order 



for a large etaamer from a Hamburg ODi&pany for whom th^y 
har«iprBTiigaBly bailt several abipa of a auperiar ot&aa. It ia 
alao atated that tbe firm have been aommiaaiooed to baild a 
eieamer of somewhat aualt dimeDsiona, bnt good muaing power, 
by a trading company In tha aoatb of Ireland. 

Meaara. HswtiboRi. Leslie Ai Co. bare received an order for 
ten small ateamera, to beemDloyed in the paasonxer and cargo 
trades on a Siberian riTer. It ia probable that tbo boats will 
not be completed here, bat will be ODOveyed in Beotions to the 
ds'BtLDation of their permuDeDl aervioQi »9d there pat tqjgether 
for rivettiog and final 'Oomi>t«tioD- It is liaderstood that another 
firm orD tbe river have til Or ae^an vemela of the same type to 
aapply. Meeara. H. ft L. are, wo aaderetaDd, building: two 
anparior type vcaseta ter NorweRfa.n ownere. 

Tt)e constmotioc of the pontoon dock at Mewra. 0. 6. Hwan ik 
Hunter*! yard, Wallaetid, ia bevQg pushed on witb extraordinary 
qaickneBB. and ihe firm will soon be io a poAitioo to proceed 
with the building of another pootoon, sfaoald they have aaoh ao 
order on their books, Tbe bertba of the abipbailding yard are 
fully ooQupied with vpBBelB of a epeoijil cIa^ss, and there are 
seTpral boots pa tbe river being Etted out. In the initiatcry 
depLH»enta activity ia still notioeablo, wbioh cironmatuioe 
speaks well for tbe immediate fntnre. 

The Pjiloier Co. aie getting thraagb their Admiralty contracts 
with oommeodable celerity, and will soon have anotlier torpedo 
deatroyer and a oroiaer ready for delivory. The anooesa of 
tbia world-famona shipbuilding firm in GoTenmeat work ia moet 
gratifying, efery veeael they supply laraisbiag 4u addition*,! 
proof of the great care and skill eibibitad in both deaigcing bjlA 
ConetraotioD. We fire pWaeed to note that the firm huve alao a 
good sapplf oE tneroantile urdera, and that their establiebmecta 
on both aidea of tho Tyne will be kept busy during the whole 
of thia yenr. 

The Tyne Shipbailding Oa. launclied, on tho 15tib inat,* a fioa 
ateamer of nearly 0,000 tooa carrying mpaoityt for Ueasra. 
William Uilbnrn & Go,, of Kewoastle and London. There are 
still on bhs' etoaka, in rather ad™iioed atagee, twp other veaaela 
of simtiar dineoBione, and it is uoderetood that the initiatory 
work of QTioth^r ia being proceeded with. The ytrda of Meaftra. 
Wooil 4 S:kitiiaer and Ueain. Dobaon are (airly boay, and it ia 
uud^ratood that both firma have recently made some amaJl 
addiLioDE to theirorderliat. Ideesra. Ea&dh»adare, aa osual, well 
Bnpplied with work, all the bertha being occupied, and tbe tramn- 
tDToLog departraeat ootitinalnR in full brisknesa. The firm 
received, a few weehi ago. an order for a S,ODO-toa boat from 
Meaara. Hain ft Saoa, ol Bt. Ives, for wbom tbej ha^e prericoaly 
bnilt oonsiderably over a score of reaaola. It wonid act b« eaay 
to &nd another inatance wh»re a firm of owners bo peraiatdtitl^ 
kept to one Srm of htuld,«ra over a great number of yeara. and 
it eeems to na that the eircnmataDce in thia caaa is highly 
creditable to both bnilder ucd owner, bnt partioularly to tha 
former. The demacd for amall craft tor fiahing porpoaes keepa 
pretty good, and several ordera forboata of from L50 to3(X) tone, 
capacity have lately been placed with builders at North and 
South Shields, In tbe repairing eetabliahmenta buaiaeas ia,on, 
tbe whole, pretty good, and most pf tbe gravip-g dooka are oocn- 
pied with resaels undergoing overhfcnl. The alipwaya are also 
tally engaged, and tbe pontoon dio^ha of the Wallaend Pontoona 

and Di^ DooiisCc , LLiiLited,aTQ rarely without an oooupaut, 

EBglQeering-^Mueb interest haa been aroaaed by the per- 
formanoea on ber eiperiraentaJ trials of the tarbine propelled 
boat Turlinia. The reaael ia of exceptionally ainall dimenaiona. 
and ia probably meant to be utilised only for testing tha 
Talus of the turbine prinaipl-e in mn rise pro pnlaioQ. This purpOM , 
she bus already follilted [iduiirah''y. having, without vibn^tioD, 
and in & qot tpD ^.^ntla bdu, actslned ths' remarkable R[>eed of 
32if knots per hour. Thia la but the begioning of a new 
departnfe in ship propoleion, whioh will, in all probability, hava 
a ftLT-reaohing eSaet on the fntura of marine en^naaring, and 
it will be well for those intoresled in sbippitg to keep a look oat 
for developments. 

Tbe Wallseod Slipway and Engineering Co.. Limited, hava 
just DOW Bome eioeptionally large repair coutracta in hand, 
among which may be nieutloued the putting «f now boileia is 
the H.B. (triciti, and oanrerting her ^ngiaea from tho compound 
to tbe tripLe-expanaioQ type. By tha change contemplated, the 
power of the «n^nea ia espeoted to be very largely increaaed. 

The 14 ortt- Eastern Uarine Engineering Co., Limited, lltted 
the machinery of the flue steamer Ailian.!i early in the month, 
and she had a sooceaafal trial on Che 8th. Tbe r&uel waa b dUIi , 



May 1, 1897.] 



THE MABINE ENGINEER. 



65 



I 
t 



bv UmBT*. 0. S. SiTAD i BiiDt«r, Wall Mod, to tKn order of 
MaMTi. Elder, Dempaier t Co., of LiTetpool, »od ii, we nndei- 

■t«tid, iniendfid for the c&tble trkde. Tbd N'ftptuii'i Engino 
W«rki, l«w Wftlkar, B.r4 eEtiwinelj 111197, '^'^ ^''^ earns, ma.j' b* 
utd of tbe Palmer Ca.'i worki, Jarroir, and the Bt. Pater'i. 
werki of MflBirH. Hawthorn, Leslie A Co. 

MeaKTfi. Nobl>e t Ltiiid, of tha Nortbem Heohina Tool Worlic, 
Ptfljng, faBTing ootnpl«ted tbair work of eitoasion, B.m now 
•oga^Mi in potting down eleotricai plant for ligihting bud for 
pomr tr&nHmJaBion pnrpcsea. Tbs pls.Dt is to-bsoC a qoite vp'to- 
dkta desctiptioD, asct will be oorupleto ioev^rj detail. TbsErm 
uv very well ofi'iatleeil for ordera, tbeir pistDii paokiop; rings 
(Hudd'a Patent) bein^ biot^ than «ver popvlar. and the demand 
for Iheir othat- «p6«iiHtieB being sIbo greatly inf-reaaftd, 

Hmars. Carnok A Wardftle, Redhengh En^oa Works, are 
Mxperiencing a- stiniiilBt«d demHud for their welMcDOWn tf^eg of 
■hipa' pQinpB, uid th« departmect of the work* in which tboBe 
•pecialitiea are nmnnfacCTirei). are being kept eEQ&ediDglj banj. 
Tlie TariODBdeipitrtmenU of Mea»rB. Clark, CbapmBii Jc Go.'* 
works ar« fnUy employed, and Bvppiem^Dtal g(>Qr»tio'i» are 
^inp ouried on*t tte old worke kqawn og Bl"iJb 4HB.wtb*m'^, 
^rhiob Borne time Bgo oatho iatd ths firm'fl pOBfldBAiOD. Ut. 
Joaepb Bbite«, who for aome tbitty jsori was CH)Bne>oted with the 
laat-named firm, holding Tor a lar(ra part of the time the respSD- 
aible poaition of tas.naa'er, has Btsrted baBineaa on hia own 
Booount »t 27, Oifurd Terrace. G&Maheail, ae a. machitiery raer- 
cbftDt Uid general oommiiaion aifeDt, AmocK tba firmsi whoae 
IOC&I repren^ntatiO'iL be be* taken up are Mesara. B^^all, 
«ngineeiB, Caalle EiigiQe Wttrke, Stafford; Mxbbtb, Evoaa & 
TCidowfieLJ, Cardiff) and Meiars. Caddy A Co., NottiiigliBiD. 

U«MTB. S-T- T&5lor& Sons, the well-kuOwiiboiUr and atekm 
pipeMneren.of SoDtBwood-on.-Tyne. bftve received tbe order for 
tbB Don-oonductiDgooveriDg req-uired in connection with tbe ms.- 
cfaineryoftbe two larsetorpedodeBtroyerB.F'ioteCHiidS^Itta, which 
Heiin. Daiford, of Sunderland, are building for bbe AdmirBlty. 
Thiaiano uQdeBerred Imno'ar, ueMaBBrB: Taylor's work in this par* 
tionlar line has inT&riiiiblj giT-en BatiBfB.ctioa to ciut«iuerf. Tbe 
fimir bavs also obtained cbe order for the ooTcring repaired in 
tbe S.e. Cli"! Mocdon.ild ani^ tlis otb«c larfio " torret " abipa 
which UeSBra. Coiford Ore bttildiDj- for the ownerA of the Clan 
LiiiA.. The firm have, in t^tdition to tbe foregoing, leceived an 
order to oov«r the boilera &nd et«am pip«B of the Csrron Oo.'b 
new BteamFF Avon, whiob hsB been bnilL and en^ned by Mesira. 
WiKbam EichBrdsoo h Go., Low Walker. Tfaia is tbe secand 
leesel belonging to tbe Carron Co, in connection with tboeqatp- 
ineut of wLicli tbe fina bave bad A covering caatmot. 

THB WBAE. 

BhlpbDildlnj. — Messrs. J. L. ThompBon tt Sooa 1ibt« lanD-ctied 
fowr -veeaelB tb» year (ibre* wjtbin the preflent month), ftod are 
«*itain to bttnin an eicop'tioiiall^ Urpe output {fi the twelve 

■BOdtlta if work ia oantinaed with ordinary regalsrity. or, in 
other words, if do iiitr-rrnplion. is VBused by labour dUputea, 
Two of the vessels that wer«i lauBclied have been Tor Oreek and 
Aoitrian owners respectively, and one or two large TesseU now 
on tbe stoclB axv for Japanese anuera. 

The Sandorland Shi ph ail ding Co.. Limited, bare oonnnenced the 
OOtMtruolioa of a La-rgo Btoamer for Lo-ndon owners, and bate 
jnct lannidhed two T^uela ordered by Qermari Awnern. The firm 
bave other work of a apeoial kind in hand, and are busier tban 
thajT have been for Bone lima p&et. The other yard at tbe iSo'uth 
Dock (Meaarg. BB.rtrKni & Sons) ia boing l[«pt steadily employed. 

Meaara. B. Thorn p bod .t Sons have tbr«e Lart<e vesMla od the 
atooks, and have recently booked an ordrr for another. 

Ueeai*. Prieetman &, Co. havu also booked an order lately,, and 
bara tbeir bertbB now fnlly ocoapied. 

Uetera. Sbort Itrotfaera are still eicoediuitfy basy, tkod M 
Ue'Ben. Dox'ord'a yard ng falling off from the hriBkaMe of the 

paat eighteen tni^thA is ^ppnreTtt. Ubibtb, Pil^ke^flgill, and 
UeairB. Osburn k Gt«hnm, have but little work in band, nnd the 
outlook baa not iniproTed since toat motitli. Hriakneaa continues 
to b« the fd&tnro at the yards of Sir Jamee Laing & Sous. 

BntflDoei^Bj.— TJie Palmer'a Uill Works (MeMra. John Dirhin- 
•on &. Svna, Licnitod) ooutinoe to ebaw great aotirity inerery de* 
partment, and nigbt work ia maintained wherever posaihle. The 
detnaod for DickiueoD'a pakat oratik shaft ia wpll maintained, 
aad tbe oatpttt of this speciality ia steadily inorea^iDg. 

The SoQthirirk Engina Worka nre kept iti very active opara- 
tiobr and the same mAy be said of Measrs^ Doiford'a workd, and 
the North Eastern worke, South Dock. 



UeeBrs, John Lynn A Oo. are rapidly increasing the S'cope ot 
tboir opsEatione in tbe sapplemanUl works reoestly anquired by 

them. The ifonfoaodlag departmeot !■ now tn fall swing, ud 

new wocbinery is baing pot down to fartber develop the work 
of oonrtmctive engineering. 

The works of the Snnderland Porga and Enginseriag Co., 
Limited, are well employed, and in thselectrioal department new 
ordera bave been booked. The Afonkwearmonth Iron Wor&B Skre 
now going fall tine, and tbe Mouk Street Fooudry aod Coppar 
Works O'ontuiiiB eo busy as to neoeasitate the working of oVflT' 
tm«. Id t.he i<maller abops baeiaoas 'm fairly aotivs. 

Th« Hftrt lap D oil— Tilt' Hhipbuitdicg y&rd of Uesan. B. 
Irvine ft Co., whiiab has atood idU ainee tbe autumn «f tost yearj 
ii nowahonttobe rcoptinefj. and the workman nho formerly 
were employed then Knd are still resident in tbe looality, have 
been re<]Deatied to bold tbemselveB in readineaa to rooo[iim.eDee 
work at an early date. Tbe eit«nsiioDB to tbe yard and lbs 
graving dock are not yet oompleted ; but are so far advimoed as 
to be ptractically ao. It is understood tbat tlie drm have orders 
for one or tiro r^selj. and tbat a mmmenoemeiit will bo made 
with the bnildiag of tbem aa aoon m< the frame materiiU is 
reoei-fed, &nd one Or two mattora of detail in oooaeotion with tbe 
plant and machinery are pnt in order. The other yards at this 
centre remain qnite busy, and at tbe engineering wOflu of 
MesBTB. IboB. KiobardBOQ A Sane the oonditioa of aotivity noted 
in previous reports is unobanged. The iiteal works are kept 
brLslcly going, but at the dooks buBinees is rather doll. A ohanga 
will Boon hn noticeable, however, when tbe tiinbeT import season 
opens id good eamost. 

BtooktOD' — Meeais. Bich«rd^son, Vnok k Cc^harea fairamoant 
of Work Od tbe atooka, and have Ifttely »dded to tbe work on 
their books an order for a Bloamor of 4,000 tons carrying 
capacity. The firm axv sIbo reported to have booked an order 
for a steamer of considerably larger oapaeitv than the above- 
mentioned, frctn Liverpool ownerB, Both Me«ars. Craig, 
TaylorA Co,, and Meests. Itopner d Sons, are alao roport«d to 
have booked orders, and the oatlook at thie centre ie fairly 
proBperoBB. Engineering woikB continae bosy, tbe eatabliab- 
ment of MaasrB. Qlftir i Co, being particularly brisk. The 
tolling; mills of the Stockton UallBahle Co. oontinne in foil 
operation, orders for ship plates and aoglea being atill tolerably 
plentiful. 

Middlesbpo'- — The thipboildiag yards at this centre raaintais 
an appeB,ran«« at conaiderable bFiakneaa, and the principal firma 
are -orBdiitd with the receipt of recent orders. 

Mesara. WeabEarth dc English have jujt braked an order to 
supply tbe maohinery of a email veaael about to be bail t by 
MaiHTe. H, TbompBoo t Soob, Sunderland. At olber engineer- 
ing HOr-ICA bnaineaa Oontinuea eat isfai^ lory. 

DftFlIngton.— The works of the Darling'tAtt Forge Co. coa- 
tinue to be fnlly employed, bat new orden are not pleutifal, 
and a tampo-rary BlaoknoBs may be exparlenoed later on. It ij 
certain, however, that thia well-known eBtabllshment will get 
ite share of auob orders as msj be in the market, at its fiioilitiea 
tor tumiing out work eoaaOimioally and (iniokly are quite 
exoeptiooal, 



THE MERSEY. 

(JVoM ovr own Correipondent.'} 



ALTHOTJGH the threatening oatlook abioad and labour 
Ironbles at home nooeaaanly bare a diaturbing efleot apon 
indnetnal prospeote, there i» no really material change to notice 
ia the genera,! position of thoBbipbailding and enigineering bradea 
of this district Tbe shipyat^e on the Mersey are well engaged 
on ordera in hand, marine engitieera tontinue aotively emptoyod, 
and general eDgineering eatabliibmBEts are also as a n^Je kapt 
fully (fOing, many of tb» local Hrma haring onlersoD their booSa 
to onrry them forward for some time to oome- Machine tool 
ma Iters are exceedingly busy in all departmenla. oapacially on 
toola reqnired for marine purpoeea, with new work oomiag for- 
ward uteadily ; boiler-makerB are also well engaged, and looo. 
motive bnilder^ coatlone fnU of work. In fact, the only branch 
of enginesring in which Any alaoknets is reported is tbe teitile 
machine- making tHde, and thU, as praviaaaly reported, ii due 
to varione apecial oircnmstancoB. 

The uanal monthly returns of the pnaoipal trades nnion 
Bocietiea uonnected witb the engineering trades sboir an increase 



.66 



THE MAHIKE ENGmEEH. 



[May 1, 1897. 



in tbe nninbar of ottt^of<work membeira on the bookn, but thia ie 
duo entirely to disjiiitss in various JniportapteDftiDaenngoeatreB, 
notabJj Ilie Olilham diatrioL, and dwa not indicate aaj fklling 
offiaCiode. The AmaliraniAted Sooietj of EnKinoBrB baa now 
3 j per -QDEit. of its total membership «ii donatioii, but la tbe 
UuaoLeBter liiUtrict tb«re itre valy 2t per cent. «ii bsoefiti aad 
those are oearlj all tbro»n qh tbo bookq U9 b reeult ot tli« beta- 

I^OrArj' depreaaioti in Ibe t^klilii mat^liiiia'niakiDi^ induetriee. 
Tbe ftWftm Engine Mafcera' Society haa jnat under 1 por cent, of 
ita memberahip on donation, which, nocifilhBCaDdiog fr«Bb die- 
pat^s thut h&ve sTiHn, is but a very alight inoreBae on IbhI 
owtith'ii relnrn. Tha TeporiB aa to the atate a[ trade conLinne 
of a niDBt TaTourable cbaranMr, and it ia eioeplion.a.1 nhere 
anybbing like slacknosa is imported, praotiuatlj all departmenta 
of mariaa and gcDQral eii^iie«rLii<g ladaBtiy reporttag actiiitj to 

^ fnllj Dmial&iusd, th» only diatDrbing elBmeot being tbe 
aerioaa la.boDr diapaLee in tho DOitb, wbich ao tar bave n^t been 
aettled. 

Meaara. Laird Bros., o( Birkenhead, have darinf; the month 
launched Troni tbeir yard a aabmBrinei luiuing veaeel. vhiob tbe^ 
bft>u bnilt to the order of tbe Argentine OoTemnitnt, and 
which, will be completed at all early dat#. The Jfmufer, one of 
tibe new mail boats for tbe City of Dublin Co., h&a passed 
tbreugh a T<erj siicceesfal trial trip rram Holyhead taKingatonn, 
and thiBi lika ibe t-wo preTiouftlj tested, gftve the fqll contrBot 
gpMd of 23 ka6ta an hear, whilst the trip wu ia ep^rj otbet 
rMpeot very sstiifsctc^ry, fntly niaiQUi.)iiing the higli atubdard 
oJtha botttH pre«ioiialy tried. With rajud to the CDaHtmotion 
of the UtLntter, it may be Eidded that it difiera in no reapeot froBi 
tliat of the Ulsttr &Dd Leintler. 

A rery important more ba^ been made daring the past month 
by tbe leadiQg engineertDK firma in tbe MaDoiiestAr dtBtriai by 
tbe fonnation ot a etropg fedorittion to (n>-aperat'e mith. tbe Iotkb 
employer* in vhe oortb cf England oq all mieotion? stfectiog 

labour BQd HAgBi niBite^f, tbe chief reodon that hda broafi^bb 

a.bODt tbia ooarae oi action b^in^ tbe seric-iia demanda whiC'b 
bare been put forward reQECitiy by tbe Anialig'amatod Society of 
EoginefTS irith regard t« the etuploymeDt of akilled labour un 
witomatio naohJiie toola. In tbia dietriot tbe l«ad bsa beea 
taken by the large firms ee^ftited upon morin'S engincersngnork, 
special marine tools, and heav]- eng-ineering, and the aeeociHtian 
ia praotioally che outconve ol' tlje special meetisge conTened 
towBuds tbe olrw^ vf Isst year in conneotioD with tbe demaod by 

tlie men for a 2b. adTsnce in woges, and irbiob enginef-rinf; firme 
in the iliatrirt, whetber irembera of the Iron Trades Emplioyera' 
Asiociation or not, nere invited to atteed. Hilherlo the UA.n- 
obaster farsmcb of tbe above seacoiBtiDD baa been practically the 
beadqnarterg of tbe employers' orKaoi'^atioii iu tbe diatricc, but 
it haa not alrraja been able to lecaie the nailed and eoergetio 
action on labour aod wsgee quettioDs -nhiob mauy of tbe leadiag 
finoa bays tbgnght deeirable. S-pecial elTortb bave iherefore 

b^u pnt forvnxd with A wiew uf Btrongtbenin;^ the f^onibiuAtU^tB 
o( GRiployets io the difilriot, oud forming u nenaafocistion which 
■bonld be in a poaition to act ni'Ore TigaronBly as oecssioit tn&y 
iriae, than baa bean found poaaibla in the put. Thiii new 
organization baa been styled tbe Mancheater Diatriot Engineering 
Trades Employera' Aaaociation, and ia federated with the 
Employer b' FedorntioQ of Gogiueorisg^ AsaociationB. Tbe 
BAsoriation iw^ludea not only nif mbera ot tbe Manchester branch 
of the' Iron Trades Employiere' ABeL>cia.tiaD, but alio many large 
employers who hpd prBviQiialy «tpod aWot, and there nie at its 

head Gsreral wslLknowti Ikamca in co'Clie'J^tioa with the €i]gin&er- 

ing tradee that are tuffioieti.t guarantee that tbe new ateooiatijn 
will not be w&Dting in an ener^tiQ poll ay aponmattere eCeotic^ 
the employers' intoreiitB that may frotn time to time ariae. 

With regard 1o the onginieeriog dispute in the north, it is not 
at all improbable tliat eome rupture may be caused betweeo the 
Ani<a.tpniiiitted Society of Eptrineere and the Machine Workera' 
Society, nhoae beadijUBrtcra are in Uaucbeater. Tbe above 
dispute DOW tib if fly hiog-ee upon tbe claae of laboor to be em- 
ployed on machine toolv, atid Mr. Atrandale, aecretarr of tbe 
Maobine Workera' Sooiaty, addreesed a. letter tc the Employera' 
E'edaratiou, in which be' elaimed that hia laooie-ty bad a right to 
be oonaulted in any Btrangement come to on tbe matter. Tbia 
letter baa oalled forth Bume strong expressions of opinion from 
the aecretnry of tbo AmalfTamnted Society of EngineerB, and 
OTideutly his society con aider that they are the only orgntnixa* 
tion that baa any right lo be consulted witb regard to any 
Httlement thnt edbj be B.rriped at, Eniployerft in tbia diBtriob, 
however, (hink that Mr- Arrnndale bB« very propwiy iuterrened. 



and that the queation prsctioally aSects bin eociety more than 
any other,, and it would seam iQCompiebenaible that, in diaoaKS* 
ing the matter from tbe workmen's standpoint, the Uaohina 
Workers' Society should net be reougnjped as being at any rate 
on an equal footing with tbe Ama)(;ainnlod S'ociety of EDgineen. 
Sir W. G. Armstrong, WbitwgrtK &■ Co, n.r4 eKceedJcgty bpey 
at tbe^r M&nobe^ter wv^'kut in all depoFtnienta. In the tool 
department they nre mftkisg mote toolx, both OB h«me and 
foreif^ awDunte, than have evp-rbeen turned out at the works 
before. Tbese ioelnde a large order for special tacl3 for EnssiA, 
B.ad Ibsy haTaJoist delivered three ex ceptiunalty ponerfe) lathee 
for Germaoj. In the ordoanoa depnrtment the company is alao 
rery basy. Two sets ol gnn tnuuntinKB ha,ve jiint been sentioat 
for tbe CiKnar, now being completed at Portemoath, and two 
further eeta are being Qniabed lor another British batUesbJp 
that ia being built sc Cbatban). The company hare aleo raeeivAd 
orders for their iTnfiroved m.^nutinpfi, to be ^applied to tliPee 
battlcBtiipa of the Canupw clapB. and which are lo bo oompl«t«d 
early nest year. Theeo moan tin ji« are an oonairortted that tbe 
revolving turret oarriea with it a full supply of ammnnition. so 
that tbe gnns oan be re'loaded in any poaition without being 
broDght back to tbe loading point, which ia reqoiBite with gnn- 
mountine'B of tbe preeent deecripLion, and the n en arrangement 
materially iccreaso-) tbe facility for quiek firing-, Tbe whole of 

th^ ^boTB mcii^ntii^gs nre for the i"2 in. wiro gUQfi, and of 

th>efl6 the ^ompHDj u« coDHtni^iiD^ tAn, TEoet of whieb are 
nearly compleied. It ia aJeo worthy of note, iu ooniieclion with 
the gon-mountiegs whioh the company have in band for 
Snglisb but ties hipn. that alm<«t. every detail where steel ia oaed 
is forged, even iocludiug all tbe brake cylindera, wbioh are 
forged ont of solid Inrnp^. Thia syttem ol conBlmclion afforda 
tbe greatest possible reaisWnce to the enormoua shock and attain 
wbiob ia eipen«nced throughont th'e momitiDga when tbe gun is 
fired, and Cfliieideiiug that rmmt continental powefs uie Bte«l 
caatJDgs ^^'yi ^hi^ tiiiperiority in t.ha oubatrtlcti^fi of firiliab 

worfihips is a.a impurtant feature. Tbe i^ompanj bad in hand at 
the time of our visit a number of cipeeial staet caatiuge in sleni 
and stern pieces for teveral ft Iha battleships now building, 
which ware very awkward pieaia lo produce, each weighing 
aboat 27 tone. In the nnrine engineering department ttaaArm 
are exceed iogly bevy on faigh-rlBSo. work in bollow shaflinga and 
forgia^B, both for b»tt)eshi|>B at home and abroad, and for oom- 
mercial requirements, rncladinR the whole of tbe ahaftiu g for 
tbe iHTgd new Trs.iiBnilaalic paeaeufjei chip now being fauilt by 

Messrs. HfcHnnd ft Wolff, 

Mesiire. Hnlse A Oo.. Ordeal Works, i^atford, bare just oom- 
pletcd for a ebipbnilding ;ard in the north of England a very 
largo combined borizantoJ and vertical p It ni ng mac hi iie, entire ly 
self-contained,, and capable of plening 20 ft. borisontally. lli ft. 
TcrticaUy, and S ft. (> in. tranBTersely. The bane-plate for 
carrying the work atande forward of tlie macbtne' some H ft., and 
is very maaaive, being i H- in depth. The oroaa slides *ro 
strongly framed logether, and supported ofion three n prig bta, 

which are in tnrti firmljr bolted to the baBeplat«. The feed 
TDOtiona, both horizontal and vertical, are gradaatad from oue- 
aiiteentb to-ba1f an inch. In other departmenta of their works 
tbe firm are also exoeedingly busy upon importaot orders for 
specially- de a igoed marine engineering tools. Amongst other 
work, they have in hand Beveral complete pinnta speoially de- 
aigned lor dealing with the variaiis portion» of the Bellerille 
tiailera and efonomiaera, a large oymber of tnilting machii^eB, 
mostly ol their patent vertical tjpe (now ao well kno«o), together 
with »ev«raE of the planing-mBCbiiie type, one of wbioh iaa verf 
powerFnl mBChiue witb two Tertioal spindles, on the eroaa'allde. 
eapable of dealing with lengths up to 10 Ii. and widths np to 
t> ft. The firm ate also very busy ili their patent twin-screw 
lathes, ol wh ich they bare quite a number on hand, four bein); of 
an eiceptionslly iBirge type; and one of these, for dealing witb 
heavy sieel forgirga far (irdnnnce and marine "ork, ia little short 
of 100 ft. iu lengt)), ami when. Geiabei '^ill weigh aboiit 1^0 bone- 
They have ^«o '" band a. icoiiple of large mill iog moofaineaof tbe 
planing maohine type, with boHzorital apiudles, of a similar type 
to wbnt tbey have previously mnds for kwomotire boilers, bnt 
these maobines have been specially designed formarineengiiitier' 
ing ceqairemeDtH. Smaller tools inclnde a. namber of lathes, 
witb 10 up to i in. height of centrea, specialty arranged lor 
tapering, tinning, and boring work, witb a variety of general 
eogineering tools, and tbe firm ai^ jubC sending away for Japan 
a large pUniog machine with ■orew.traveraed t»ble,»Dil four 
tool botea for arHnal work, (tnd also a lisrge dopl^x-fitoe lathe 



I 



May 1, 1897.] 



TILE ILAJUNE ENGl^'EEB.. 



fi7 



I 

I 



I 



for Mmilnr requirement*, ortJereil by the Japnneep nosemmsnt. 
Olhet foroiim nark iaclii'tBa onlerii tor lDdi&, Kex' Zealand, 
BnrRt^l]. and ocbar parts of tbe worM. 

Uewr*- Jatofw Spencer ft Off,. Bolliturqutd, »r« ba»y com- 
plMingUCdenfOF Jnpnn, iildliidiDg A ^nAnil *«SOt-tmeriCDf toAli 
for thftOquipmAulAf tbn tnT{>edri ship and enii-MiTniL|7Ad«pfcK- 
nwBt, &nj ft flahstikntin^ line at 130 si^Ten-ciiUini; la.th«B in threa 
■iM«. They hnvf nl»o n gooii deitl of work in l«p(iitiot.Ne toold. 
both for boiDR railwajB and fcr loilia, and ara very bisT in their 
CTBTelltiJit cnne de[iartment. wfaict) has reoently- bean Inrgel; 
Bxlend'ed 

Ooiuidenble evt«t)«iiDa nra beiuc OTiriAd onb at M^^ri. 
Cr^Mlej Brofl. Workn. Hp^nsliB*, inrladiO); » new »p«oiikl 
d^bftrtmsnt fat the BlnnnfKotars of oil engiUei. 

Tbe positinii in tbe iron Irada herti ci o citings varr nnaiiriii- 
fMtory, boaineB3 beiei; -eiCreiuply lalnw, with a «eak tune aa 
ramrda -prit-ei. Tlis UDaeuleii lubnnr nattoulc bdO tbe 
rintbp««k of war in thn Eaat neoeamril; iave a. disorRSDuinir 
elTeet apon tbe mnrket. And the> nnciartaiatj ab to the future 
oiiiaM bnj^rato rf<fniin (rvm pl^ofi ordrrH except for tbe mereat 
h^od to in'>utli requireoiaaCii. Mnkerapri'OnH are Htill fprthe moil 
p&rt noraiDBllj abant nn last qnot«d, bnt they are bnokini; little 
<ip DO bii"ioes", whilst raflrohnnfs nlthmiKh prepared to tike coti- 
Md«raibtj nnH&r rnakeriqiio'atinnB, are iii^t a ActirinK orders of any 
Tinment. Lai's I ild(1 diJtrict tirtrida •>{ piiFiroD t-hnw do hpprwi- 
abte change ; mnkcr* still a«k KbouT. 469. M. tar for^ to 4Sh. &i, 
(or foundry, Lftnc-anhiri*, Wis 2.( ; ■H«. for forge to J5e, 6d. for 
foandry Linoolnahire, and 4S<. mj 409. for foendrj- Derbyihire, 
noL mah, dotivarnd MunsheBtari but there in very Itllle' enqiiirj 
nirria^, find mercbonk^ am anders^lling, Tn ontflide bnndp, 

iherg fa^a b^^a ^ de^icS^d i^ivin^ ^^m fo- far n« priopB in thn O'pfl-q 
tna.rl[«C lUv (Macernpd. FouDilry Mid'tle^hrOn^h t^ald bg honifht 
at K(>«>ut 47*. 4rt. ne-r, dt'li»eri>d by I'ail SUn^ihe^tei", with 
KffUnton Hiid nlanmrniick ohtaioabla as tow ii* iSs. 3d. net, 
delivorsd ILtniichcBtnr Dvks, nkhoagb malcara' qnotadona hra 
oonBiderablF nboie tbft*e Htcaras. 

In the finished iron Lr«de priw* have aleo "Hinwn h weftkenioB; 
worteony, espeointly in bam fvnd slieBts. Mikeri' still qaote 
aboat £5 ITa f«i. for Laocftsliira, nnH t!fi fa, fid, to 416 5», lor 
Nwrth SfiiffurdBtire Iwtb, dpilipered MitloIlMter diatrial, but (h^y 
kTA unabte to *>eoi]re im^ bnBiQeFiii On thb4 ba?i^, iil'r'f'h'ints in 
some eiu>ag, atl-Tin^ at quit« la. 8(1. per ton 1«b<i. ShveM hari^ 
awed down con^tderahiy, and da not now nventee more than 
£7 to £724.6^, H'topa, ho waver, ikr« atead; at the AHBacintioTi list 
lata* of £S KM. for random, to id I5«. forepenal rub lenctbi, 
d«limed Mnnchnstpr district, with Za. Hd. Inin for shlpmnGt. 

Tha itoel tnuto has nl-ao W.'n anything but brisk, allhonitb 
there bavu bf<ea n few te-W ordera placed in niaDuf<>olqr«d jt^KxIn 
for «tractT]rBl rpqulr^raaatf, Priceg, n!chnii({h wilhiiut mBtBrinl 
«haiij{«, are wwtuflr, if aTiythinp. Ordinary fdandry SnjBintiW'a 
■re now nbthtnabia B,t SKa. ^d. to ^'■l<. leas 2j; looal biJIeta, 
£4 lOi. net.; bin, £fi S^. t). 'o tH 54,. nnit bnilar platea, 
£S -^g. to £6 7«. 6<l. deliTered nc MancbeaCer district. 

An aotive demand oontinnias to tie repnrted in tba metal 
market, and manafiMtnrers are hept eiciandinglv busy, but tte 
drop ia copper has been followed by a E-i»in.([ "ay in lift ratM- 
for eoniiS olftHieB nf mivniifac lured gouda, copper wire. brnA^ 
wir*, rolled tinviB nod bni^'^d brass gr^.^dB h«.Tincc hfBo redilcAd 
1*1, per lb. L(iCTni"ti»e cioQilBnHPii'-tnb*ft hav, how&TBT, not 
■fiAted in this r^dnctlotf, owinjf toeheejtcopt'oiBllj' nooddamind 
for this cUsa of Bor»d». and otbee daapriptioiiB of maniifaolnrpd 
n^fltiil rarnHin nnobaniied. Cist rfttpn, delii-arad Mancheat^r 
district are now aa nndpr:— Solid-dr*wn hr*«s briiier inhea, 
7id. ; hnwu-'arffccn oniidanasT tnhea, ^}A.: ropper tnies, 8Jd, ; 
, br«w>d oopiwr, KnB ntid a team tnhea, 8H' '■ brassd hmm ifw inhe, 
?].).; braaa o-ire ''jd-; copper wi'e, 7(1.; rolled brasw, Gd.t 
sUaet braaa 7^'l. per lb. Price* with tne cime of the Month 
ttiAw aa eMcwTilingly 6rm toTi«, ntid liat fst^s are folly main- 
tained. 

In tbe tlmhsr trade there haa been vvry little activity dnrinir 
tlie p«»t month, but deliseriaa ti*»e bBen fairly h a tis factory, And 
prioea arewithnac mateiriiil alteration. Imporlf of moflt ftrtieles 
hitrebenn atiiivC nn nveraita, ivnd etwki Bennrally, atthouRh oot 
mo bpftTy, are STiEc.ient for the time of the year. The nirlva'" 
of lEvt Indit t"»k hai-e boon moderate, mH, with a etesidy 
dMiwnd Diniinif forw-ard. there li no great wtM^ht nf atook, and 
pric«*, eap'^ia'Iy for filanltii, ha«« shown An upward teiideeoy. 
A ^/^fff of irreanDeact hu arrived, and, with scoaka ample, 
pi { pee are aaiai«'F. 

Tba ooMl tr»da show) no sppreoiabia abaoga. Ths holiday 



stop panes [if tb«. pits haca in many caves enoaej an aocninnlation 
of arders, whicb are keeaini; pita fallj RoinE, with hern and 
there etOL-kg filled ap to raeeE req!iireDiau''.i; and this i a tending 
to give It fairly iiteady tona tJ (he market far the tiaia belnr. 
HOM»9 coals are in fair demand, th" celd weather, no dnnbt, 
brin^ioit forward rather ttiore order" than nariat at this time Gl 
the year, and pricen are fairly wdl maintained. Steam and 
for^B aoala itio»» off prslty readily, bn.1 are not more than 
steady, nt Teoeot-qaated ratea. At the pita' month beat Wignn 
Arley areraffea LOa. to lOa. (id. ;, Femberton foiii^foot and 
Seconds .\rlay.Sa. to 8s. Rd. ; and eomraOD bonae coal. 6j. l^d. to 
7a. par ton. with ordinarr deiertptioQa for eteam and forge par- 
pooei obtainable at abont Ss, BA. ta ia, 5d. per too. DurinK ibe 
p»et month one or two amnll contnwtn far gM co"-! bare been 
placed, and it i* leported that the prices at wbiell they ha^e 
ht^n aecared r^prEtflent ali^bt adTanoaA apOn laAt year's rates. 
With, respect to tha fontracta for lopomoliwe fuel, it is etnt«d 
tbuE one of tlie large enmpaniec i« makitic a det«rmiood effort 
to force dawn prioM even ttelnw last year's rates ; bnt whether 
thin attempt will be anocewfal reniaina to be aeen. Itni^ine 
fnel Is in p»od demand, and with inpplies none loa plentifol 
priofls ehnn a tendency to hirrlen. but :irenen»lly 3^, to 3s. 6d, 
mniaiDB tl'n aremirci iur eottunon uiaok, wiih better aorta ranging 
fiT>-n 4e, 3d. to 4a, Od. at the pic 

lii the ahippinittrida thwra h'n been ft fairly aali«"> dHm^nd, 
but only *'■ il'jw fitfuree, ordiniry dBirriptioni of HUa'n ooal, 
detiverad Merser porta, ouly in eioeptional oasei fetahing mora 
than 78. 01. to 7b. 9d. per con. 



BELFAST TRADE NOTES. 

{frcin ourdMM CorrerpoTident.) 



THE Eaeter h,5lidays here cftoaed a eeaaatlon nl wnrlt 
generally for the jfi-eater part of a woek, bat owin« to the 
verv bney stiita of trade in tbe engineering and '^hipbuiUUng 
worksi, nolioeiiwere pot «]i for work to oomniecci.' awaiii on 
Wednesday morning, 21at mat. The reBponse to tlie inMiees, 
howt'var, was poot. *^Ty few til tbt roen have slarterl wnrk. 

It 15 reported on go™l aatborily that order* have bcwi pSaeeil 
during the montli with local slupbaildars for soaif> eitroptioiially 
large flleamerB. 

Tba s.g.. Fennnijtwinici. ot Hambnrif, recenUj bnilt here, haa 
jaat completed lier maiden voyage (rom New York to Ham- 
barn. Her owners are bo well eatia&ed «pith her perfoniiaooa 
aiiriiiK her flrat voyage that they have ordered Oiifi duplii-nte, if 
not two, £ri;'in thi^ snine baildera (Moasra. Harliind <C WolfT). 
At the preauiit tiire ilue firm are exteiidinfi and te-aTranifi^K 
tbeir lannchiiiR alips iii both ends of biiilding yard. Tbia work 
bfts oauasd a «oad deal of delay to the ironworkerg latoly. buti 
the rariteL-ial ia now nominB rapidly ta hand, and tbia yard will 
be fttJu to ahow iM -uapabilitiea before the end of the present 
yeiVT. Let OB hope that ti-ade dlspatea of aiiy Hlinpo or form 
mav not cotne nigh oar island. 

IJarisK the preaont month the fl.a. Arcadia, hnilt bj Messr.B. 
Harltti.ditWolff, Limited, for the Harnhnrg-Amerioan Steam 
Pat^ket Co., a nistsT ship of the Jmhia, which left 
Belfast latelv. proeoeded, uttee trial ami adjustment of com- 
passes in Belfast l.oejili. >o Hamhorii, to load -for her Urs'. 
voygge, The Ar^'^di-' ia ioletidiisd to run in the Company'i* 
Norm Atlantic trude, and ia of the following dimenKions :-^ 
L^QKth, 4W> ft. ; brcftdth , 411 ft. ; depth. Stt It. .-i in. The emsa 
loimane.if tbe ship i» aftntit 5.4-30. and aha has t>eea built to 
the hiit'leBt rlsBB of Germanischor Lloyd'a. She hna acEomniO- 
datioD for some lifBt-i:l":99 and about 30t) steeraes P"8eQKer", 
and is lltiit«d with every moehanioal facility fur the rapid 
loadtnunjildiftuharaioiiof oariff., aa*elll aa with reftinera-ting 
maohjnery of the moat nppraced kind, and n eomplete instdla- 
(ioii o' eleotrii! li^ht. The propeltinij machiaeFy has alno been 
conatrncted in the baildera' ivorks. and corsists of a ael of 
f]iiadruple-eipaiioifin pngniaa. specially designed to avoid 
vibration. The aaiooo, etate-raoma and other ttwuis have been 
Boitably decorated and uphokiered and flniahed in the 
hiiHaers' firat.ftaaa *tvle. The trial trip bein^ a au<TceiiB. the 
vcsael oommenccd her voyage ttndsr the command of Captain 
Martens. 

The new twin-aorew aten'ner 17(1 i*". the seventh veaael bnilt 
by Messrs Harland A Wolff for the Umott Kteamahtp I'o., led 



6S 



lUi: MARINE ENGINEKK. 



[May 1, 1S97. 



hn moorlti^ on Tfaaredbj' tnoraJDg, the I5th tnet,. and pre- 
oeeiled douin Bellaet^ Louuli for *ri«t tri^j ftod mtjusiiiiPTit ai 
coiupBBKog. Tbe length of ihe rfjjiitn JK 4:(0 li : btcodib.O^ft. ; 
Mild dopili, aa (t. she ia over ij.OoO tons reEWter and iiropelled 
by (win-sccewa driven by tno eeia of tnple-exp&oeion e»iiiD«t^ 
WQatrnuted by the bi!ild<er4. This, atenm^r is tlie M-coiid of 
tlir«« Dew flleumera Mesera. Ilari»tiil & Wollif have In bund t^>t 
th(> llnioB Ca. of a similar type to the well-kDOwn "G'B"aleo 
bu^lt by tbvm end already rtionini^ iii tlin same persiue, bat of 
considerabij larger diniienBioii?. and wilb nnuaualiy com- 
plete aucotnmodutioii for^iat, secord nndltaird c:l«sepaaBe[ifFni, 
llie veHB.rl is bo arranged an to provide a rerj liiTKe oarryinK 
rapacity (or (.artio on » ligbt druigbt of water- Tb^ shIopd i« 
eiohly d^^coraii^d and basev'^ryconvenibneefoTpafljieniteraccoTn- 
modatiOD. Oomplete inHtBllatioa of electric Iifilit and TefrificrB- 
tjnji apjjatatUB with cold cbaQibara (or the ■eooveyfliice of (rtiit 
are provided In addltiou to anritliir dteamer. a dnplioate of 
Ihe Goiia. Uesara. Harland & Wollf have at pregent in hand 
a iDDch larger ship for the Uainn titeamiiliip Co., to be named 
tbe JiHtoit, and whkb, nbeo completed, nil] be tbe largest 
fitesfner in the South Airiaatt ttadB. The Gaiia left diF«cl tat 
Antwerp and will sail from RonthamptoD or or aboat the 2'.lth 
inat . nader the commaod of Caplain Bernard Copp. 

The Bvrew ai«ainer Iit\t»leTQ.Teaeat\y catnplMed by MePHTB. 
Workman, Clark & Co., rimitod, and owned by Mi?anni, R. & 0, 
Ailan, rao an oSJctal trip on iLe Clyde ao April )7tb. Tho 
dlmeDBioDs of tbia ateamer are ;^Leiigth, 255 ft.; breadth, 
S4 ft, ; daptb, moalded, '21ft., sod she has bAon Oonetrlioted. 
haih in boll and maahlkerv, to tbti higbpst olaee of the British 
CorporalioD Rpgiatiy- Thip v«8Hel baf be«n deei^iiietl and 
IiQilt lor the carriage of frnil tram the West Indi*H tn the 
tlnited States. Tbe 'tween decka aud holdi baye been litted 
Dp in the mOBt improved style for tbe Btorage and ourrinEe of 
frnit. Tbe eiiein''t( are pf the trlplaespaiiBLaa type, working 

at a. preHSDrD (>f l',40]b?., fitted with Howd^n'a anangecDent of 

forced dranpht. The trial trip bein,g in (>very nay estufactOTy, 
a speed of 15J ttnola being obtained. Cba veeael pr(jceed(>d on ber 
voyage lo the West Indite t-i load ber firat oar^o ol fruit. 

Un Satarday April ITtb, a larj^e Btsamer, built to tbe 
order of tbe C'unard Co., waa launched from the Bouih yard 
etMeearB. Wcrkuiaa, Clark k Co.'« bnildiag worka. Tbe Gyia, 
ap tbe DOiw Cunarder !e named, will hav(> a CBrryin^ capaoily 
ttf 6,000 tons, and will be enpafred in the icotn^any's Mediterra- 
nean trade. She in the aecond of three Bleamera bailt by Meesre. 
Workman, fllarli it Co. for tbe Cuoard Co. 

UeBerB. Mc.Coll it Co.. Limited, have, we nnde'etand. received 
an order from Meesrs, Alex. King: & Co , coal roerchaiitf, Bel- 
t»4t, for a new ateamcr for coal carrying trad-e. T^h firm are 
busy c"in plating tbe harbour tug, zMusy'ii", which will nbor(lj 
be ready for eerviciv. 

Meeorfl. Victor Coatea A Co.. Limited, ace at preeent oon- 
atrocting Rpvaral sett) of their well known tripIe-Qxpaneioii type 
of ecuine nini are fnlly employed just now. 

As an eviiienofi of the increieiiiK proBperitv at Bflfnal, several 
of the cri>e9 ■channel etoamere'are now of mnoli larger dime nsiooe, 
COnseqnsntly they reqoiro inor" quay^f* rocni. BCid nt preseat 
the powi-re of thn Belfast Harbour C6tiiiiiisBi«TitrB at« being 
taxed to their ntmoat in order to find tbe repaired ocooEnmo- 
dallO'n. 



NORTH-WEST OF ENQLAND- 

[Fiom nut omn CorreipetidBnt.) 



BatMiw- In-FiiriieBa. — A quieter time aeama to bavn anttled on 

tbe FtiipbuildinuT":d mariceoDgineerLn^ Iradiee of tlieNortb-Weet 
of Enirlnnd, So f(iT ae Bnrm-w, the oluef centre of thti trade, la 
ronrerni-i, (bere er^ nudoisbte<lly iwv Or three re-afone !nr this. 
In the firpt place, Harrow builders eiparieufe, ia cumroon with 
Other huilders, at n^eaent a ararcity cr( orders geuerKlly, the 
itomand for new tonnepe being *i>ry email, aod tbe competition 
for the few nrdera ofTerinn very kaen. In tbe ii*ooiDd plaee, tbo 
Barrow workit aro in a tracBitory state by rea«OD of tbe teot tlint 
they are being taken over at the end ol* June next by Miessre.. 
Vi-okerH. t^one £ 'Oo'., Limited ; but na a natter of fatt tbis ouebt, 
o tit to pr^ciludp thp pQBHibilily of i^tttioK new order?. iiH tho unijer- 
takiop of the Navat CojiBtruOtJon ewd Armani' »te Cg. waa taken 
OTBr by tic eminent Sbeffield, 6rrn frOm July 1st tsat. The new 

owners are payini; thaabarehulderH of tbe Naval ConBtrnction and 
AmianieBiB Co. h per cent oo the oarreot je&r'a working, and 



I 

I 

I 



I 



will oonaeqtiently take over any profit that may aria" at the eort 
of ,lime whan tb" liDiinainl year ewda. Bat b« Wepers. Virkera' 
BharehoWers have only recrtitly approved of thu finn-lin«o of the 
Barrrw Woike. end ae the meetinK of tbo e^iwliolderfl c( Lha 
Haviil Oouatinction and Armonienta Co. bas not jet bwn held to 
detemiirie •'U the ewle of thrir properly, alilmogh the niMtttit! 
bae bfen fijpd fnr Mar -Ith in l.nndon, and altlifciiph it is a ferp- 
pone coticliiBion that the requiaitp apf.tovnl will be forthcomirtr, 
es those wh« ne(iotiBt*d tha huaiiieBB have tbe oomninnrilii;; 
inSoeueeaD ihe laruo number of ahar^a they bold, some roaean 
taay be foniiirl for the abiienre ot eny ac'iwitj on tho part •■' 
Meagre. Vickera io th* mailer of BPcurini' orders for lleir ti»w 
hraiDoh of huninees at BBrrow. Tbia inactirity ia, l>o«ev*r, mc** 
apparent tlian real, bb it ia known that Ueearo. Vickeri interd 
lajinp thetnpalveB out for a liB trade in t he bnildingof warehipa 
of every tvpe, nnd in equippinff ibBM with their own make of 
Bimoiir-nlate slid their oHn. Ffiarmfnctare cf gDun. and trat a 
pToeriimme of nperationii with tbis object in view ia already beinjt 
pnrefiilly wnBidered and worked out. Ona of the ditectora tif 
Messrs. VeakerB \a bow away on a visit to Japan and Cbina with 
a view lo bioBiiiese, and as bnth tbcea Daliona are in need of 
[wnaiderablle adci'iODS to their uaviee, it iaqni'o nn 'lie cardB 
that ordera are likely In conie to Barrow and to Sheffield to a 
iino wbioh onn do «U tbe work of building and full equipn*fnt 
by ineanB of its own works, Then> \a alBO reason t« believe that 
the bew fimt will ccimmenoe at an early Aaiei with the biiiildiDir 
of pitbcr a modprn warehip or a modern cruiBer bb a 
Bp*Piilatinii, or perhapa both, »e there IB no doubt a Rood 
niarket will open (or f^iiB or either before tbey could poaalblj be 
readyfor delivery. There is the further fsoi. to oonaider, tbet 
■ ] though at Barrnw.one of Ihnlarneet and faetfletcrniB^rp ever boil t 
wofl prodiired, althooBh with esveral Hecord-elaee apd third-eli»a« 
orui"BrB, torpedo bonis, torpedo-boat deBti-ojere, and * variety nl 
Utb^r Admirnlty work in Which tb* town has Won maTktfd 
BncCese and populaiitf . it bfiB DGVer bnilt a full hno-al -batile 
flbip, althonfch quite willicR and reedy to do so. Its reputation 
in tbia respect has yet to he Disde, and MeBsra, Yicken are quit« 
alive to this fact, and are preparing to make tbe atnrt -at an early 
date. A siKDiflranl faoi ae to the iutentiona nf itie nnw awnor« 
in the matter of ftuo nanntBotare ie ahown by the apphcation 
they have made to the Board of IVade lor powers to erect bat- 
teries lor gUD p'actioe at E^kmeals, on the oonBt of CatDherlaisd, 
ft diptp^nce of 30 inilea nnitb frotu Borrow by t-ail. Or about 20 
milefl aa tbe erow QIa'S. It waa foreehadowed aoniB time Bgo 
that the intebtioDOf MeSHTB. VickerB wau tonpen ont a depart* 
ment at their Barrow worke, if not for tho maTinJactnra of giinB 
Irom the beginning!, at any rate to Quiab tham at thts place, and 
the effort to Bcqnira a slM oa tbeCmnberlaDd ooaat for IQ^tiuR 
and target practice );ivee some oredenoe to the siirmiaei With 
the exception of the order to repsiir the Great Weetern eteabter 
Jbtf, wbioh was dEuniWDd io tkie Englieh Channel a wealt or l«o 
ago, no uaf ordern have be^n placed at Barrow duriuptbe month. 
Tho work nlready in band ia proceeding very BatiBfac-'nrilj. Th« 
twiD'Borew ateamar for the Great Weetorn Co.. tbe Iloebuek, haa 
received her enitinea and boilers, and ia being rapiQly poahcd 
forward loaa to receive earlv delivery and ba ready lor iJis 
opening of thp Beeaco in Tbe Channel ielandn Bervice. Tb" lauacb 
of the aieter ship Xeimieer ie Sied for Uay let. Unch alteoUira 
isbeinK directed at preoewt tti tbe trinle i*ad completion of the 
fonr torpodr-boftt ieitroj^n, -i<"-^, OUtr, SWem s.iid Lt/tjimd. 
An Bocident hnppened to tbo Aron when ■fn one of her ii'iala. m 
When che wua developing a speed of oier 2M knots in Itie Miire- fl 
Mmbe Bny, tho Boddenly beeaa to vibrate to an iinaBiial eiteni., 
and on t-xamination it wBB found that her port propeller bracket 
had broken, aud tbe tnit ei'd of tbe abaft beconiioK bent with, 
tbe hijrh "peod, her propeller BninHhed through tlic et-ern of the 
VMBel and HamBKied the FlHrboardprojicllerat" well, 'Iheaftbnlk- 
headB were Hooitod, hut it whh booh found thai gtlierwiaB theehih 
wa"<iiiite taut, and HhehtBamad back to Uurrow bf liioaoa of bar 
swrboard eii^ni', acid her repaicH are ao'"' rWOifirift allOnliuB. A 

new tail-end Bhaft ia now beino made by MeBBre,V inhere. Tbe Otler 
haa bad one or two aatisfBCtory prsliminury triaia, and tbe otbel 
two larncdo-boat deatroyera will Boon bi* ready to undertake 
their trials. The firBt-clasB cruisor. Xiolic. is beinjr rapimly 
pUBhed forward with. Uer engiucB are bcin§r built up in tbe 
Bhop, and the Uelleville Iwilora are neiirly readj to he hfisd in. 
■She will probably be fi"ietipd rea-dy for her Inula by the sutomii. 
Her eieter ehip, the -Ainpfiilrtle, IB the erene of Biuch activity on 
the acocka, and alrendy the work ib well in prcprerB iti the buila- 
ingof the new l-'leetwood end itelfaat steamer, wbiuh ia to b« 



I 



d 



May 1, 1 897 J 



THE MARINE ENOINEEk. 



I 



t 



Cftltod the Dukt of Cormcatt. The MaDOheBbr ilad^e boat is tbe 
oolj other work an hnnd, Kt tk>t it will leaililj be ««ec] that new 
on'^ni hX, Birron are needed lo ktwp tLe 'big ;std paing'. 

We»t CllmbcrISiiiil^St«n<l7 aotmty is vbe^rrable in the' fibip- 
boiliJin({ tr»'ie c\ Wortingtoo on4 Muryport, (Hid A* WOrfc m 

The H«nifttlt« Trsde. — The deMand fM bem«tit« pig-iron !■ 
•tead^. iilDiijuifb narretitiiripPD have flaotnated aomeirhkl during 
Iha nontb. Makera quoU 50b. in 51s. for []&rvpl« of niiieiJ 
BMMmer Nim., net f.o b., aud warranti iron i< St. 470. O^il, 
net canh aellera, f7ii, hajera. Tbin;-sei«n rurDncFHAreiiiblBab. 
aa compared with 3& io the corrpBpondinff week of i oat year. 
Stooka of iron Ii«Id m warrantB have been reduced Ifl.OiKi loiiH 
noc'!'*'b* b^ginniPK °' ^■^^ Tear, and D'>'r itnnd »t STll^ilKH) taur. 

Shipping —The ahippinK tndo ja fairly well mnfloTod. The 
KggKgir-' shipEnetLM for ike yedr iTom W'-sl Coftar p.irfg totAl 
op to 12I.,C'J7 rnns of pic-iron and 134,3117 torn of ateel, aa 
romparpd: witb 9S,^I toiu of jiis-imn and 131,249 toaf oratfel 
in tbs rorTeepondiog perinfl of I&st ysitr, on inoKBae of 25,036 
tons of pig-iruu Brad 3,0&B Iodb of iteal. 



^teccllancoud. 



■ftrlne Baflneen' Examinfttion.- At tlie examination held 
April \Hb to ISih. Mr. Fred Paterwin, of aundirland. and Mr. 
G. L. Spencer, of Cardiff, euGoeeded in passing- for Bitrn Farat- 
Clttaa Engineer. Both pasiied tbn Aral time of giving up, and 
[n>ke SH sucCftsAfal pupils in thiia grade fl^om tbe efllBblifibment 
ni Mr. W U, Thorn, 5, Watorville Terracfl, North Shields, 

Iron and Steel InBtltute,— Tbe Aanaa! Meet! oe of thia lesti- 
lote wUE be beld al the IitB.tiiulion of Civil Engineers, Oreat 
lieorige Blrael, Wesbinmater. on Tu-eednv and Wednesday. Uay 
nth acid t:itli. at lO.SDa.m, abchday. Tho following isftUatof 
Pbpors that are espected to be read And diacuued. 1, '■ On. the 
Portpeabilitj of Si^el'Mnkicjj Crqciblea,' by FroI'SSBor J. 0. 
Arnold uid F. K. EDi>wlea. 3. " On the PraoLice of the Com- 
bined Open-Hearth ?roa«Ba of Bertrand and Tbiel," by E. 
Bertrnntt- 3. "On the Agrionltural Valup of Bulphato of 
Ammonia from Blast FornftccB," by F. J. R CaruUa. 4 ■■Ou 
the Specific Heat of Iron,,"' by ProfeeHor "W, N. Hartley, F.B.S. 
h, "On CliMgiDg Open-hearth FDrnncee fay Machinery ," by 
Jereriiieh Flead. 6. " On the ' Weardalfi ' Reiie»CiD|; Fumsoe," 
hy H, W. Hoilis. 7. •' Oti the ESoct of Phoaphorus on Cold 
BbortneaB, ""by Baron Hanae Japtner von JoaatorS 8. "Ontho 
Determination of Hardening and Ca.r bide Carbon," by Bar»& 
HwiDB Jii|)tner von JonatoriT. 9. "On Ualieabk Ca»t Iron " 
by O. P. KnyBtou. 10. " On Carbon CtaftnggH ooDnectad with 
m&lleablia Cnet IroB^'by G. P. KoystoD. ll. "On Mioroaoope 
aooasKiriefi for Uetallographera," by J. E,. Stead, meiiiber of 
Comicil, 13 "On Central Blaal Cnpolaa," by T. D. Weol. 
Th« annaal dinner of the Inatitnte will take place o^n May ' Uh 
tn the Grand HeJl of the Hotel Cecil, at whioh Ilia Ilighneaa 
th" Dnke of Tocli will be thp Bae«l of the evening 

The Electrical iDdnitry in Cape Qalony.— A report on the 
electncal and allied ir&deH at the Cape in being prepared hy 
Hr. A. P. Trotter in hia capacity aa honorarj correis pen dent of 
the London Chamber of Cominerce for Cape Co'eoy, &nd h« 
will allnde in the report, among other lUbttprR, to tbe proBpsola 
of employmont for slectrioAl engineere in South Afrio*. Id 
bfaa oonrse of i letter to the London Chamber, dated Cupe Town, 
Haroh 24tih, Mr. Trotler tt^ji: " Mj object in writinx now. is 
toaakyon to make it koofm &» widely ae poaeible. throuiib 
your jonmal and through kbe technical preea, that no 
electrical engiuMr* shoald aotne out to So'Dth Africa at present 
qrileu they have seojirfd detlnite appointmenta before wlint;. 
F.tectriofcl enpneflra e»|perienc«i, and (apparently) othevniao, 
ootne to ma almowt na. reguUrly a.B the mail, with and witbont 
iDtri-'dnction". I rpj^ret thai I have not been able to give any 
a>siittan.oe whatever. Eiii;iTie«r^ waiitia)> aH^lHianta ueneraliy 
Mtid botne for them — a vnryentiBfantory conrtie lor both psrtiea. 
I h&TB received lettera f torn electrical engineers of some ei> 
pnneoce in the TraiiHva&l, that, owing I" the alaenation of 
tnade, staffs B.re being rsdaeed, and that many oorapeteat men 
mr-> oat of employment." 

Brown '■ Marine Engineera' Paoket Log and Diary for IS97. 
Glaaeow: Jaa. lirowii — TIuh lillle volume will prove vory 
D»efDl lo »ea-Soin>^ eniiiutem. Tbnro is a ijreat deal of u*etiil 
iuftirmation. anchaa tide tablea for Britieh and foreign porta, 
a very oompleto di^tanoe table from the principal poria and 



also for tbe principal nvora and chanTiols, aa well as tbe mean 
diMADce tablcB of the ordinary inpa of i he vtetc mail lines, A 
^ood deal of iafocniatinn ne iq aittteFB wliicb will proie 
eBpeit.i*lly uaeftil on trial trips and bC seEi is «fi<<rd«d. Many 
weightfl and moaBttrea inclndio^ Awtb at wire can^ea aiul 
wei^hia ofpipew, which are notinolnded in oriliiiaryalrnanass 
wiEl alto be fonnd here. IteaiiieM ail thin. ivtii>'.li 14 perhaps 
of somewhat f>enoral interest, thern la a |ireat d'-ikl which will be 
eapedally Abiractive to thoae of our readurn who are in active 
Hervioe, Tberti are voyage tnble^ and Xoof* rvaiiv c>< be filled ui 
by Ibe User of the hook, and (bcrt ia moe-h of vulna in the 
Stanriinit Urdars of OSoera and thaat for Bnat and Fire drill. 
AlCouether the book ahowa that it hnt biwn compiled, by 
practical men, and tvill be sppr«oiated iicuordingly. 



TAe Metric ^ijtttm. By W. U. Wagnwff. Landoo : Wbittaker i 
Co, 18a6. 

TniH litM"* Tolnme ig a parefolly worked-up ratr. in <AVCMir gf 
a chnrtge from our present BHtieh system (if imperiiil weights 

and meaeursB to the metric Byatsw wh'Oh prsviiil' -.ii ihe Con- 
tinent. Tbere ia no doubt a very ^.trong caie for the refornivra. 
But in thia qneotion, aa in most others, tbere are two aidee. »od 
those who resist cban^ have their poinCa too. Vie are raiiher 
inolined Co treat this queation in the (tame way as we treat ihe 
queatioD "Made in Oermanj," In -each of lbe«e matters no 
doabt there i a some vubetarlial ground apQi\ whicn those who 
i-ry out fpr what they (.'ftll reform can joatify thnir olamuur. 
Yet in eaoh cose there are thOee who are Tsry niacb cod tent with 
thin^ as they find tkeia. Ta.k», for eiauiple, tk.Q etipineerm^ 
trad"- Here we hear great eom plain ta ffoTi aoirte qDaitora as 
to the Bsvarity aV Qerman competition. Yet we canid name 
nrosperous firni» of Britiah en^neera who say tbere is DothLn)! in 
foreign oompetition. That when tba foreifinBr can interfere 
with tbe epe&ker'B trade it will be time that he was cleared oat 
" Let the best man win," is the cry, amd tbero is a decided onn- 
fidunoe ih-owQ that tbe best man in this caae is, and nieaue to 
remaiD, tha Etk^liAhm^D. Stfw in thl^ metric l^gainesi the 

matter is very taaah of tbe sane kied. No doabt it wftald be a 
aonrenienoe to exporters if there were so diSdrenee between onr 
weights and meaanrsB and thoae of onr oontinentnl nnighboiira. 
Bnt the fact is unfotturately patent that itU'eh difference eiista. 
We know one firm which deliehts in tbe eziaterce of the difter- 
enoB. Tbey uy that th» littte difficoliy— call ii oonrusion, if 
yon. will — all redouodB to tbe advaiitaKe of the man who iJi not 
Blothfiil in buMtiesB. 

Now this vi«w is a little eupported by a cue qaoted in the 
vol nms before ns. Ther* it appeara that a, timher doaloc »•■» 
obliged To ^iTS Dp hia export trade be^vuse he couM nob get hia 
men to meaanre timber here in foreign mBSser*. The faot waa 
annoflog, no donbt, but was it really a anfflolent reason ta atop 
an enerRetio and puabinf; hnsineas nan f Tbe warkmon were 
inexperienced antt, possibly, a little stupid. We abitald all 
perhaps bi^ the same Budai thn circnmHtances. But instead of 
totiinn; the men to make tfaeir qaantitiea iu foreian measorn 
Hurely it wonid hare been a atnipl^ thing indeed to work oat 
the conversion, of tables in the offioe^ and *i>?iply tell (lie )»eu 
to meaaure out se many tnetiing feet, and «oeb a fraolion r>f a 
toot as it waa foand wonid be the equi-ralani of the number of 
ronning metres ordered by the foreign firm. TboB, too. we 
are inislined to tlick that tbe argnment that Munchesrer 
houHes are penalised abroad if tbeir eotivomion clerks pnaks 
mistalioa io their Work is rather a hollow onp>. Clerks should 
not malte mistaVer. nod if they do their employera will suller 
whelher (he cnbject matter hje weights and meaai'ree, ora^y- 
thingelM, ualeaethe sjatetn of the offioe is suilicient to Sm6 oat 
thA hnman error ita proper poourae- 

There iasnotl-er eido to the pietore. The exportibij buoMS are 
comparatively few. The people who nse weie'htti and meaanret 
are many, Ther comprise the whole pinpolfition. The inoon- 
venienco and expenM.' ro which the amall sboiikeepor and his 
ignorant ouptomor wouldihe put by cbanire nouid hft vry great. 
This lart should by no mranB he to#t aiehr. of. It is not a leaenn 
why chanue sb'>iii>d not he made, fint il is a very irood reason 
tcbj elhaogfl Bhotild 1m i>oD«ii]ered with tbe greatest vare, and 
ahoitld not be advocated uoleaB theie bo shown aP O'vcrwbelmitig 
oave in its favour. , 

The hook is well written, and tbe matter ha* been well atndied 
and well adrocatMJ by the writer. It ia certainly worth tbe 
coafiidrratiuii of the iulelli|rent rraiier. But lb" tH><iitB we have 
referred to sboiild not bo loetrii^ht of ia it^ couaiddratioa. 



■i 



70 



THE MA RINK RNrtTNi'Tr'R. 



TMay 1, IW7. 



LAUNCHES AND TRIAL TEIPS. 



L A U KC HE9 — Emolibh. 

S SiotUnd— On Mkroli 17ih MeBBrs, Cock, Welton A Gemmell 
laufi^btd fat IIulJ an iron ste&iii ttftwler of 150 ions troB*, to be 
«U8&»4 1110 A) She IB oiM]etl b; the UqH hXeam Fieliing and 
Ire L'o. Limited. &iid wtB tiamed the S^oildii't. 

Emprcu. — Oh Mbroh -linA Meear«. Edwaras Brolbem 
Jnuuilied at >iiirl!i Shields. Iiir Mr. J, T. CfdnipiiiB, the ateam 
trawler Jiiip/[j«, She i» lui xoaa aroBfl, and is lu be olaeacd 
luOAl. 

I**! —On Marah 2'ini MuarB. Ed«-a.rd» BrothwB lumiobed 
mt Narthi £hi<>ld». fur Slt^aia. Ktrbsatl Brothera A Co,, ike aleam 
Irkwlu TiuL Sha i« ol 141 tons uro^s, aad will be eUseed 
100 Al. 

L.Balon.— On Uarah 2Xri Utapva. Cook. Welton A Gemmel 
Unnclflrd at Hail, r.,r iho Bt»nd*Td 6t«4in FiBhinK Co., 
itrimaby, tba Gteum trOiffl^r Eoljiii. Bbeis U'M lona ^rasa, aad 
19 to b» classed lUCi i\ i 

Sea Kln£.— On Marth 23nl * Htemner of 193 tons, nnmed the 
.Vcri A'ini/, ivna lauitthovl at Beverlcv. and jaowmd by the Ancbor 
8t«iii FiBhing Co , Limited. <A arioiBbj. 

Wre»thier.— On Tueeday afiacoooD, Maroh 80th. Meean. 
CraiH. Taylor. Il Co iauDch«d from th*ir Thora&by Shiphcild- 
luij Yaid, riiornaiby oa Teen, a varj emart sleel Borev Bteaioer 
o( the (ollowiiiji! (]inieni.ioiie. vik. : 2CB fi. bj ai It. by 13 It. 7 in., 
built to the hiijhBst olaB« in Lbjd'e, gl tbc weli-deolt (fpe, 
bating poop, ralaed quBrterdetk, bridge, (Uld topgl^llant fore- 
oaBtlc. Bhe ih gtleri with water ball&ek ia doable uelLolar 
btitboni, and in {i^aka. She baa eicaptiunally large cubic 
oapRcier. and is fitted witb aelf-IcimmiDi! hatches ; rigged aa a 
loie and aft schooner, and e'jni]inecl with three Btsaiii winohea, 
■team eteerint' tiear, eti^am wiuiiiaaa, and larh:e donlcHy boiler. 
Tbe entiinea ^re h^iut: conatruutud b; Meeare. MocColi & PoLlock, 
■of tha Wraaih Quty £u|;ifie Wgrka, BuDddcland, tli« ojIindeiH 
bein^; IT in. by '2H^ )n..4li in, by 30 in. atfoke, witb large boiler 
to work uL ]C0 \bn. preBBare. The veeeel m built on very fine 
lines, ao.d iaescimaMi to give a spo»d of over IE IcnoLa. She 
hax b«eD huih to tbe order of ^easre. The Goole aod WeeC 
Biding Stt&m tihipiiiii); Co., Limited (H. W_£^rd, Eb>i . aecre- 
"Ixijl, and qodtT ihs ■-uperiateaduDDE' at Mr, (itot^e H. Slriion, 

M IN i.., i;ou»:iiltiii|i( eu^insir ijl Hnll, and alao iJaptiin C. 
Moore, nho will C&kA commAiid of tbe vesHel. Ae she left (he 
way BbB waB irracpfuliy chiiglened tbe Wnalhirr by Mrs. E. W. 
Hnnter. wiTe of ihe chairman of the eompany, wbo w&s pt«- 
S«Lttid wbtb B. pretty boui|.aet by Masler Vrrnon Taylor, son of 
one of the builders. AmonifBt ihoae present were Sir E. W. 
UuDter ichaicnjRDi, Mr. H. W. E^rd (^ecretury), Mr, and Utb. 
B. Biowd, Me, and Mra, A. Bljth, Mrs, B. PBTrieh, Wi^is 
Wrtuthier racriBh, Mra. P. and Uaalur Farnill, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. Cotiin^bam. Captmn C. and Miaa Moore, Maatur E. Buttle, 
maA Mr. deoiM H. Strong, M.I.NA. 

ArllagtDD.— On WednaadK}'. March Slet, MoaarB, Wm. Gray 
A " o . LimiMd. lauacheiE a bandaaine ■ccen ate&mer which 
(hry have bailt for the DuddingtoEi Bteamabip Co., LiraJted. of 
H<ii| iMeaecs. U. Gamiuon A Co., maiiBjierBl. Her priDcipal 
dimensions are' ^ -IjcoKtb. over&ll, .13(i ti. . breadth, 47ft. ) &nd 
dtplb. -24 fC lain , and ber clasa will bu the bightat kt Lloyd's, 
Th'' deck ereutiriuB conBiat of a foil peop, bridge, and forccM.BtlB, 
uiil Ibe ri^ is fore nod aft ueh«oiiCT, vkith Iclaacopiiig topoiBBta. 
Very laetetul cabin He com mod a lion will be provided milder the 
poop, ooukiatiti)! of saloon. HiatB-room, aiidi'Hptain'aandofOcere' 
rt>oiiiB. Tbe engiueeTH' <[uartere are Jtmidcliipe and the oren'a 
bef tL« forward, Tbe «ioee of the veeiel are supported by strong 
n-eb framea, tak-iri; Lbe pla,0« of hQld-beairiB an far as posaible, 
and leaviuij! a clear bald lor »tivin.g bulky ^ooda. A eellnlor 
aouble bottom ib titled, and also an Bftor-[>eak tank for w&ter 
bBllasb. whik- the Hti-*in wiudlaBB', Bt«ain s eering-tcear aojid- 
ahlpi, acrew gear aft. atHam winctit<«. patent don:key boiler, and 
tt't- whole of the outlil. are oi (be ntoal approved deacriptian. 
The machinery for tli4 vesBel will bo BUppliod by the Cuotral 
MAfine Engino WorLs of WillLam Gray & Co.. Lunited, the 
eotrines beiii(( of the tripU-txpanaion type, with three inverted 
cyHoiiera, 21 in., i» in. atid 114 in., and a pUion Btroke of V2 in., 
to receive ateairi from two large steel multitubular hoilerB 
ni'rkinij at n ]ireaBiire of 170 lbs. per etjuare inch, Tbe v«sset 
aud mncbinery bavebe^eitcaiiatiiictediuideFlbe BOpennteadeace 



of Mr. Walter Snce, of Hull, an behalf of the owners. Thv 
cer^moDy o( uamiiitc ber ArUviit"" wa." yracefully p^rf^inned by 
MiaaGihsos, dautfbiei of Jilr £ Gibiton, manager to Meava. 
n. Baniinon & Co. 

Herinad.^On March 31et there was Isonched from ibe ehip- 
halldJDK yaul of Meisara. Wood, Skinner A Co., ai Bill Quay-ou- 
Tyne, a haDdBome new steel screw eteamer, which baa b««ii 
bail! to the Order of M«aBrB. Bi^nsfiaard, KjoBterad v^ Co, of 
Drain, Norway. Tbe following ate the principal dimenBioni a( 
the veBBBl. viz. :— Langth, overaU. 246 ft. ; breadth, 'iitl j depth 
moulded, 20 ft. (>in. iSbe ib of tbe aingle deck type, nith 
bridge and topgnllant forecaBlle. and will iie rteficd a,a a fore 
and aft aciiixiiiei'. and Sued with teUacopir. lopmaHta. The 
saloon. capla,iii''B occom modal. iou, acd apate berths ere in a 
lar^e hoiiao on the biidf^e di;ch amidftbips, with chart-room and 
fiying briilge abov«, the oEtieerb' ac^oiuniodalioo beioK id Bida 
boDuea on Biain deck, whilf Che firen ata berthed in topgallant 
foreuastle. Tbe ves§el hao been coiiBirncied to attain the 
bigbeat clau. vi^., 1 Al*. Norwei^ian V'eriiiaa. on nhoae behalf 
she baa been surveyed during dbo bnilili.Dg by Mr. LacirtU M. 
Bodin, of tuudei-land, the local representative, aud ib btted 
with all the latest applinc(.>es anil improvunienls for facilitating 

the rapid lo.dirvg and ditohai^ing of car^o, and the workiof^ of 
the veftse] generall.v. including combined steam and baud 
Bteering geaj amidabipe, screw gear aR), direct acting Btt^am 
windlaaa, powerfnl steam winches, moltittibnlar aaiiliary 
boiler. AG. Water ballaet ia provided in tb-e cclllular double 
bottom bil fore nod aft. The engines, whi%-b are of the im- 

prpved tripte-eipanHioD ^yp", having eylindecB l!^^ in,. 80 m,. 

and « in. diameter reaptotively. with a atrokeof S3 in., eapplied 
with iteam by a lari;e eteel boiler working at, 160 IbB. prHsnre, 
have been built and nill be fitted by the Nortta-EaHtern Marine 
EneineeriDtt Co.. Limiied, at their WiklUend WorKa. The 
chrislecing ceremony waa performed by Miaa Hary Wood, of 
NewoaatSe, who, as tbaveebel glided from tbe way.'^, Dumed her 
the //T'riii<''f, Both the nbip arid eii^iiLeB liavo also been mt'periq- 

laoded during cODfltriiutioD by SI*. Korman Burnett, of Xbw- 
oBBtlo, inspector for tbe own«tB, Wheo iMiimpleted the Jlemioii 
will be commanded by Ciptaia N. T. Nielsen, of Sandefjord, 
Norway. Thie vessel is the aeoond builb hy Uosara. 'tVood. 
Skinner A Oo.| while ibe firm have a ihird ehip in course of 
ronatrnciiou on the Blocks for tlie sacae owuere. 

King Fpederlok.-Oa March ^lat Meaaris. Bhort Brolhera 
U.unuhad at PaLliun. Sunderland, a bandaomely-niatlen^ aieet 
Bcrew aiearner, built to Ihe order of the KiuK Lire, Limited, of 
which Messrs. Pbtlippsi^ Co.. of London, ere the managers Tbe 
dtmenEiana are i—L-euetb, 310ft. ; bteadlb, 4-1 ft., and depth 
[Roulded. 23 ft, 10 in. This veestli. wbioh has been (ipnatrocted 
tinder Bpeeial sarvey to the highest elaas in Lloyd's Kegiatt^, 
has been epeeially deaigiiBd tor thu carrying of a larf^e cargo on 
a shallow aia.Q^ht of water. Tht're are no obstructions in tbe 
bolda. deep framing and aide atrint:era being aubstitnted for 
beama. thua leavine tbe bolde perfectly clear. There are alx. 
cargo hatchways witb a powerful atram winch at each, atenoi 
being eupplied by » large dgnkey i>oiler,. The raceel ie coi>- 
BtruQted with a sbort fall poop, lon^ bridge -b-onae amid^hrpB, 
and topgallant foreraetle. Tbe aouomtnodation for oaptain, 
offioera, iind eneinei-re is fitted in houses on the brid|{H deek, tbe 
aaloon bein|{ baii'iBumely fitted tip in poliBbed hardwoods. 
The Btieam Mteerin^ gear is fitted at afteir end of the engine 
plaltoiui with oonlrollioK roila to wbeelhouae on tlyin^ btidKe, 
powerful BOTCw year bsinif titl«d on {>oop deck. Tbe double 
boCtoin iA eonatructed on the uellnlar- prinoiple, and ia divided 
into trimmine laoka for water ballast.. The enijiinea, which ara 
of the iriple-eipansioD type, are to be aapplied by MeaaiB. Blair 
it Oa. Limited, of Stocktoti-on-Tees, having oylinden 2d in... 
3Tj in., and Ul ^ in, diameter, with a atioke of S\t inchee, etsam. 
being napplicd by two lar^e uteel boilera havickc a working 
prsMQre of IMO Ibg. per aijuaie inch. Oo leavioK the ways the 
voaael waa named the Jiiiji J-'reilrrick, tbe oeremony bein^j |>er- 
lotmed by Mra. Rutherford, of Egeratcn UaU, Jedburgh. 
baring conatruotion the vessel and autsinea have been under iha 
Bupervision c( Ur. W. B Cummin^, of Liverpool, aasiated by 
Mr. D. B, Camming, on bahaU ot tho owners. 

■aPtha. — On TbuTaday. April Ist, MfSsrK. William Gray A 
Co., Limited, launcli^l a fine steel vcrcw aicainer of the follow- 
ing dimfUBiiouB. viz, : -Leugth. overall, :*42 ft. : breadth, S-4 ft.; 
depth, \K ft. 10 im ahe has been built to Lhc order of Mr. 
Martin Carl, of Copenhagen, and will lake Lloyd's bit(h«at 
dau. The deck ef«otiona oonsiat of poop, bridge, and fote- 



I 
I 



I 



May I, 1897.] 



THE UAUINE ENGtNEEh. 



71 



for the □•prain will be titlrd Tip in tbe poOp, cotnfiM'ta.ble 
iqiurterB for the ^h^inc^rft BDtl elticere &rru']».hi]3t'. &n'4 for the 
cran fiDFwarii. Tha huU is built wit.h <!rap frHiitL-it "ud t^elliilkr 
double boitoni. scid ballaBttunk in the iitlFr-pe&k. Fiiur Hteftm 
wlnnbe*. large paWot dnjikfi bailer, eteam aieerine-^f nr placed 
■O eD^ic-room caHiD^. Diiftd bcc^w Eiecring Car aft, direct 
■team wiadlaae, Buhoon^r riii, boittH on b«aii>» overleaiJ, grn.iD 
dWW'OTi « m><X 1.11 improieil applUii'i.'fB for notkihg tbe a^ip will 
be- provided. The i^'bgines are fif Iho three-erank tt-ipl@ expan- 
>ioti typu. nod ire Trom Ih« Central Alitrine Eiiirine Works of 
MceBrs. Wm, Grav & Co , Limtted, the cylmdera being IH in , 
2iH in., and tTj In di«iTiet«ir, wUh 3.1 in. pinion stroke, and a 
large lUiel boiler to work at K preeaure o( 1<I0 Ib4>, per Bnai^fe 
iOioh. The ateamer hns bixii anpanatea^ed during cnnalrQa(i>ni 
bfCapUici A V. Kni'dwO *n 11611415 (,1 ibfl owners, md Ihe 
oArcmi'iiv ctf naming het MavIia was ^Titccfitlly p^Hormed 1)f 
UiB» Ml fA, dao^hier of ihe filaynr of Umttt^poal. 

Hat lech —On April Ir-l Measfti. AuBiia A Son, Ljmiied, 
:?(iiidei.laiid, launcb^d, tc bbo- ^rder of n London tirm of pliip- 
owurce, for tbeit Contineu'ai co&l tradt, the ate*! ecfeiv aiFntn^r 
Harle,-)'. Tlii^ vcat^l h*a been speoially designed for a devd- 
nipight cari^iDg capacit; of aboni l.fiBOtoriir, and will bec^lnaiKd 
lOn AI at Lluyi'i uuder special survey. Her inBcblnery. which 
will be BDppli'td ty Mes9ri>, Jolin DLckJneofi & done, Limiijed, of 
Bntiderlann. will be of bbe tri-compoiiud type.. 

Aabfleld.— Un A.pril l~t Messrs. Ropiiec & Son tanncbe'^, at 
Btuddoii-on-T'eifa. ta the order of M.o»«rB, Tfaotnaa Appleby A 
Co.. of West Hartlepool, )V sted »erew Btuajnero* '1>p lollowiivg 
diUcfisiaf^, ^i'^i- ; — Leddth between perp^ndicularu.. ^W ft. 
lUoadth. 43fl. monldeiT depth, '2'J ft. 1 in. The etit^innft will 
be by Mesarp. Blolr A Co., Limited, havine oylirclt>n« 20j in.. 
S5 id., and 5t)^ in. b; 3'> in, atroke. Bti^ain bikini:' sup^ilipd by two 
lar^e 6t elbmiers. • tirlEin^ at 200 libs, pren^nre. The --reamer 
liB« beeti hoilt iii.der chiv inspeotioa of Captain B ker, the 
ownere' Binrine nuperiuieQr'ent, and »p-b cbrist^ped Ael'iifUt- 

Tal-Hoku.-Uu Friday, April ^rd, ^ir K-jllun I)ii.Dti & Co- 
laaocbed fromtbeirGlevflland Dockyards. Uiddle^lifnUgb, & fine 
mail and pasacDtier »teatner. bnilt <o thenrdarof tbeOiaka Sho- 
■heo Kabtishiki Eaipbaof Japao, Her jiriDQi-iialdimeuflioneare : 
— ljt\\VX^ M'A ft. ; beini. 43 ft. : depth, moulded. "2o ft. Sbo is 
bailt ta Llojd's highest olaM, epar deck rule, niih upper decka 
all ol leas, Himdeome BQcommoitBtion wilil be titled for about 
SO firm chisB paBBeni;erp in fore pari of b '''g^. "ith |ar|f e dinint! 
pbIoqu. rcaditiK-' ooi". ■moke- r^oiu, Ac, in bouse Oii bridge, anrl 
lor 50 -ecoiiil claoe at afi'T-end af bridir* and iu poop , also foi- 
SIK) ena<|{raiite in mam twFen decks. Fowrrful iri|ile-eipBiiiiou 
Mttginea will be filled by M qbktb T Rii bardeon S Sods, Limitfid. 
UartJetiool htvirg oylinderB ^" i"., ^'1 in , and 11 in., by 4W in. 
•tr&kfi, supplied with Bleani br ino d^uble-enf'od bolters 14 ft 
by 10 ft U ill , and two single-ended 14 fb, by IQ ft,, wqiking at 
IttO IW, fif'SBUrr, wbi(;li jt <s riitii:lpBU-d will driVs the veBKl a 

Bpeed of 1-^ kivotn She vill al«o be httrd with a manfianese 
br>.ofel>laderi propeller. See's, asb ejialor. Weir's evaporator, 
fead beaier. ><.o . &c Oa leavirg the ways ahe »«« gracefully 
uamed iin-ififitii by Mie Wnynuiau DiiLOii. Grove Hill Lod^e. 
Uiddlesbrougb. 

Ulalcf,- On April Hrd HeMra, Cochrane rtr Tooper laniiehed. 
at Beifdoy, an iriin sttiim trawler of 193 tons iiroftB. She in 
nwned by the Union Btejm Fishing Co., of Giirusby. will be 
olaai'ed IWi -\1. and whb niimod the Vla'.er. 

Svallow — 0» April 3td IkleaBrs. V.A wards Bros, launched at 
North Shields the steam trawler Huallon: fhe is a TG»eel of 
i\t toaa groBB, will clasa 100 Al. and ia anned by Messrs. 
Kelnall Bros, d' Co., Bull. 

PortuCalota — Od April '^tli tleaGre. E. Ciaggs & Bona 
launched at Middleabrough the steel Bteatni'f Fortuga'^eU. Utt 
dlm'iiaioae are ^ — Lengln, i^l ft.; breadth. 40 ft.; dejitti. 
lAj (c She is a vqbmT of 2,090 tona gross regLatet and 3,[)0i) 
tana deadweight She nill class 100 Al, and ia owned by 
Ittgngr Alecauder de la Sots, of Bilbao 

■aUa —On April (jth Measra. Cochrane tt Coojier lannuhed 
al Beverley the iroa steam trawlT .IfiilFa. She ia a teasel of 
|S£ totia g'roaa. will ela^s 100 Al, nnd ie owned by Mr. W. 
Orfcol. of Grimsby. 

MorthvilU.- On April Utb ihei..- tvna laiiDcbcd from t!ie 
ati|'bi)|i<'<iit: yntd.of Mc«.aTB John Readbend iV Koiib, Wt-'t 
Uoakr. South ShieldR. a steel aerew steamer, wliicb hue been 



built to the order of Mtaers. Balls * Sta'isfitld, Norlli Bhielda, 
of the fo]lowiii|{ itinieDsiAiia: Length, 301 fi . ^ brenilth, (4 ft,; 
depth moulded. 23 ft. 1 in. ; her deudweight (.'Bjpaeity bein,g 
about 4,100 tonx OD a light dr^nijht. The vessel is of Che im- 
DTOved aingle deck type, having ceLiular bottom tni-e sjid &ft, 
naif I'Oop aft cunlsiDing oabinp, long bridge a,nd topff&llaat 
foreuastie, and is iiUcd with all ibelaieal impiOTpmenis tor the 
I'lipltl and eOicietil; faandllng of oargoee Uer engioL'a, nlao oon- 
ntFucted by Meaftf s. John Raadhead £ Snne, are of (he trip'e- 
esfianei'iri type, having oylindera S3 i-n , 37.) la., and K,IJ in., by 
:i9 in. stroke, 9t4.'aiit bein^ supplied by two lari^e sfeel hoilera 
working at a prenaure al IfiO Iba. pi r sqanre inch. As the 
veaael (eft the waye ahe was named the HonhMU by Uri. 
Balls. 

}op1t*r,— On April 14tfa Measra WilllaiD Dob«on & Qq, 
iBQnabed from their yard at Newcautle-on-Tyne a tank 
eteamcr for service on ute Volga, The vessel, which has bean 
conatraoiied ander tbe aaperviaioo of SSeaars. Flannery, Bag- 
gallay & Johnsooi of London and Liverpuoi, in bnilc to the 
order at Meaaiii. Lane A Macaodrew, of London, and ia nf the 
followinKdimenBions;— 875 ft. by 32 ft. by ](/ It, i^ in., ibud ia 
specially designed far transport t« her deatiination. Bfae baa 
twin-acren com pound enrface condensing engines with 
cylinders 24 in. 4liin.,and 21 in , built by the Walleond Slipway 
aad Engineering Co., of NewcapCle, and ia t^ devetop a speed 
of lit knolB, fully loaded, and steam is Buppll«d from two 
boilers, 14 ft. by 12 ft,, fitted for oil barnini^ ae netl as coal 
ooiieqmplioii. The vessel bae acomplete oiiltit q>( winobeo aod 
pampa and ia lighted throoghont with elMtria light. 

Upanui,— On Thursday, April 13th, there wtss launched from 
Ihe yard ol the Buudcrland Shiphuildittt; Co., Limited, a steel 
BOren ateamor. 210 ft. b.p , by -12 ft. breadth, and IH ft, G JD. 
depth, bnilt to the higheet dasB at Lloyd a, under specifl 
Borvey, bavLn(i; raised i^uarter.deck, bridge, and top g'^ttaat 
forecastle. The engineers' meflaroom and all aeeommodation for 
the cBplaini aod oEBcera is placed anildehips The resael ia 
pniTided with stesm ninohes by Robert Walford, and patent 
windlaas by MrssTP. Clarke Chapman >t Co,; <!ombiiied hand 
and sieani ateering gear by Meesr-. Donkin it Co., and baa 
eitra large hatches to facilitate the loading and disoharjiing of 
Qar^ljo ; Iri-compound ergines by the North -Ean tern Uarine 
Engineering Co., Limited, Sunderland, having eyiinders 17 in., 
?8 in., BOd 46 in. hy 30 in. stroke, 160 lbs. p'ressnre, whioh 
include all Ifae latest improvetneiits in Tnarine engineerinfr. 
The vesaet is baiU for the Baltic trade and with a view to 
oturying a large deck cargo, and haa Inrge internal oitpacity, 
and will ca^rry a deadweight of l.JtH) tons on I& ft, mean drangbl 
During K^onetritciion both bull and machinery bara been 
inspected by Captain Bauer and Mr. giemene, on behalf of the 
Dwnera, The Neptan Co , of Bremen On leaving the 
nays she was chriBtened the Vraniri by Miss Adam, of Naw. 
^Mtte'DS'Tyne 

Eveline. — Un April 15th Mbbsi-b. Wai, Gray ,V Co., Limited, 
lauijrli.cd ii fine atei^l (crew steamer, whii^h tbey have built to 
Ihi; order o( Messrs. Pynia.Ii. Bell St Co., if Newcasile.oh-Tyna. 
She will take Lloyd'« highiHt cla»a. buiI 14 at the lollowing 
dimeriaioni. viz. i^Length over all. 324 ft. ; hrtadth, 44 ft. ; and 
depth, 23 ft. a in The dec^ prectiena coueist of n poop, brirge 
over ED^cbinerv ^pi^ce, and top;,nIlant forvcastle, A handaame 
saloon snd c ibin^ for ofiioers, &o., wil] be fitted ill Ihe pOOp, the 
eoigineerB' ruams on ihe bridf<e. and the crcn-'a aeu^mmac^tioi) 
forward. The bull is bnilt ou the web-frame ]]rinci|>ie, with a 
oelluler double bottom, large hntehway^, powerful titeain 
winoboB, steam Bifering gear amidships, hand screw sear aft, 
patent donkey -boiler, patent direct ateam-wtndlssB. boaia on 
beams overhead, shifting board? tbrooghout, stocklesH anohora, 
tiro inaata with schooner rig, end a cotapltle ootfit tor a first- 
(Us9 eai^LV vessel. The Centra' Afarise Engine Works ot 
Mesbra. Wm Gray & Co., Limited, aupply tripte-eipanaion 
eo0nes, having cylinders 23 in . Stiin., and ()2 In, dinmeter. 
with s 311 in. piston strohc and two large steel boilers to nork 
at Ifill Iba pres*nre \Kr Giiiiare inch, The ceremony ot chriaien- 
ing the steamer Ertlinr was gracf'ftiily perfoiiiied by Miss 
Eveline Bell, daughtcrof Aldermaa Thomaa Bell, of Newoastlc- 
on-Tyne, managing owner. 

Bopavla.— Thu vessel was latmi-hednn April I5lh by Measrs. 
Joecph L, ThompBOD & Sons, Liiniited. of the North Saada 
Bbipbuildiug Yarii, Sunderland, and hae been bnilt to the order 
of Mei>BrH The Aa>-trtan Lloyd's Steani N'livigstJon Co.,Trieal(. 
She is intended for their Veil, known cargo and |>aeBefig«r 



72 



I'HE MAEI^T: EXOIXEER. 



[May r, 1897. 



irode. Hiid ia the foiitth veael built tor tben;i by this flrm. Har 
principal di luensitiuB lire :--L«iigtb betw«an piirpeiidic.olBrB. 
35* i» ; treaaih, mreme, W ft, bin.; depth tnonldct, 2a tt 
nnd sbe b deBif^neti to have a d&aqweiKbE currying capucity of 
about S.oOO tODb wiib a modvcftte drftugbt at water. Aha in 

biailt to LlqyJ'a IIM) Al oIbiHs oa lh« three d^i;k rbi«!. t,n4 huG B 

poop Kft. d lou^ bndige amidEhipe, Bijd & ii^p^alUni (or^oaatle. 
On the fLifniKFa end of tbu bridne iltok ia placed a, lur^e brIood 
taaoae. nitb cntrutieelo th« pa-asen^uer berl.iiB, wliicb nte placed 
in ibH bnd^t nudi^r ilie aalooci. The BA.Ioon iiA InrKs liaudaome 
apartment •Ttao^^ed to aeeX the nbole of the fir.it-clasn p^HBea- 
gore bi Duc time, ibui^ tbe wliole of the aocorninadatioD i» Qiied 

in filat-oliiss aljje, *Uh nil modprii reqiiirementa. On lop fli 

tbe EiHlrion hiUHO IB pla^tsd the oliuft asiI wheel houee with a 
tlf io^ brid^u Ufjoes tbe front. Tbe demk machinery oaasistB of 
fievau ponrcrrul KteBtn wiacbes, p&teDt Bl&am cnpelaD windlnBB, 

[latent eteiLtii slecriDgKearal tbeafieudof cftsi' gB. withcontial- 
log gru aa the forward end of the bridge, and pimerfal ttcrew 
gear eft, Tha de'ok oiBchiQFr;r i^ worked by it large naulti- 
liobtilur donkey bbilrr forking at ItJO Ibl, prenHiirB. The 
• DuidCiH untl boilieiN have been oonetr^iicted by M<>BaiB, JoKn 
DLokinROD a Sodij. Limited, Simd^rlancl. The eogiiiBB Ate 
buUt ati the tripleeipiinwon pcitioitile. the §iaeH of the oylindcrB 
beinii l;4 in,. 10 in., and G4 in., by 4& in. stroke. Ib>e large 
nitiltiCubalar buller working at ISO \h». preeBiiro, Goth ^ship 
«nd en^tiies are buill to apeeint requirements, and ari' coii'plete 
■I) every retti^ie^'l lor a lirat>i.'lB.tiB car^o and passangt^c yebHcl. 
Ttaa hull ami enfjines hiive bten constructed uiidflr ebb perHuoal 
BnpervisioD of Mr. Vico Vecebi on bebulf of tbe owdmb. Thfe 
veKBel nsE Idunchad by hydraullo povar aud ahriatened. by Htb. 
Charlea E ThompHon. 

Steel Screw St«3mer~0a Thorgday, April l^tb, tbeis waa 
lannohed from the yard of the Tyne Iron Bhipbuildibi; Co., 
Limited, of WilUnuion Quny-cTi-Tyrie, a etetl eurcw BteaiuAr, 
bmlt to the order of MeBBra, Wm. Miilburn .1 Co.. of Nenoaetle- 
«n-Tjne, of the following dimenetoiii, viz :— LaoRth, S13 ft.; 
breadth, 4f] ft. : depth, 21 ft. : una to cIbsb li-ll Al at Lloyd's od 
the Bpar dtek rulei. This vuesel has wabrr ballDii'L fitted right 
fOFpaiid all: on the cellular fjetti]), and h »Ibo (lUedwilii nil 
modam improvemenis tor tbe raftid loadiuf; and diBcbargicig of 
oarijo. inolndtER niae daaUe cylindtred Btoam winchea. direct 
acting BlaBDi windlaKs, liiriie donkey bailer, workine at 180 Ibri., 
ateain >teetint{ neur by MesarB, Donkin & C'u , Jjimited, and 
Haaiie'B acr-en- gear aft, The ongiueH, which, are to ba Hnpplied 
hy Meesre. Tbi;iJor<h EaaterLt Marme EniiineenngCo , are of the 
tripl-evpsTit-iou tjpe, ba^^o^J cylinderB Jl iu., 40 in,, and 64 in. 
by la it] stiobe, «nd trorkitg at a prei-Btire of HO lb«. 

Tropic, -On April 15th Messrs, R. and W. Hantborn, LBslie 
A Co., Liniiled, launchfrd at B^bbnrn-on-Tyne a ateel twin 
screw paBBeiiger and csr^o Bteamer. £'26 ft. oy 32 tl, by 14 ft. 
4 in,, the third of foiv ^uildin^ to tbe order of tbe Last^rn 
G.arryiti^. tiitoricg. Warrant and luBbrancs Co,. «t ^t. 
Peternbure. Tbe vcBBel ia b^iitt to tbe requirenienta of Bureau 
Veritas, and deHJcnrd and fltti^d throu)ihout to moet the speoial 
Caspian Sea irBdu lor wbiob tbe cumpaDy iniend her. The 
ve«Bel «~BH oampd Troiiie. 

Btlll— On Bamrday, April ITtb, Sir Rsylton Dixon A Co. 
lattnohed from thtir Cle'VtOnnd Dockyaril, IUiddIpBbToiigh,B fine 
oar){4i iteoiner for Adiolf CbfI. Kbi].. of Copenhajic-a. Her 
prindpal dimeoBioDB ar»: — Iiength,,!!^-^ It. ; beam, 4311, : depth, 
monl<3ed, '.''J ft, 11 iu. ; and has a deadweight carryiiif; oapaoiiy 
of about 4,200 tons on 19 ft. 6 in drsoght of water. She ia 
bailt to Briiixh Corpcirnt)on'« bigbeat claea ^iugle-deuk lule, and 
has wat'^r ballast in afi^r pt'ah aud cellular bottom ; tippcir 
poop and bridfje d«ckh of ette], five wn.t«rtight bailih^ar^n, A'o. 
Tbe atH;oiiimod.iktion tor onp'am Bud ofilcers will be baudaonjtly 
lilted up in houses on bridge dMh. with euKineere under the 
bridge, and arew in lopyallant (orrcBStle. Triple'Cipansion 
eogineM will be fitted by MBSBn> Geor£e Clark, I.ixnt'ed, 
ti!anderlBpd,b»TiDg«^liiiderB S3in,,3'iU in,, 60 in. by 4SiD.atrttIte. 
nppli&d wich«iean by inol^tge single-ended boilers, worbin^ at 
160 Ibi. prpB^uro. Uii IfBumg the ways tbevcestl waa n^race- 
fnlly chruiened Kkm by MtM Neileen, daughter of the Daniah 
Couaul at HiirtbpDol. 

PoiylvniDre, — On t^atqrdHy aflernoon, April ITib^ Mesara. 
BiflbiLrd'on, Duck ^ Co. latii)<ibed from thtir yard a Bteel 
it^rew Blt'Hmor of 1^e fo-llbwing diinen<>ioua ; — Lflnjith overall, 
34'i ft. : bi cndth, eilremp. 4() ft. ; depth, moulded, 30 ft. S in : 
tonnBge. groBS, 'd,220 ion*. This veseel, wbiob hait been bailt 
lo.lhH order uf Meatire, W. Jobnatoo J: Oo., Limited, of Liver- 



pool, will i:lsBa 100 At at Lloyd's, under epecial eurvey. Sbe is 
of the aitJ^le-deck type, wiib Bbcrt poop aft, long' bridge amid- 
Bhtpa, with eugineers' uccominodaiioD in after end, csptain 
and officers being berthed m b large bouae on bridge deck, and 
orew in topgallaue forecaatle. A ceJlalBr double- bottotn 
throDgbout, and peakA are fitted for water ballabt, uod equip- 
tnetit iDoltides bIj ati-am winohes, larjJe mijltitlibttlat dofiki-y 

boiler hy MeBaru, Blair ,t Co,, Hteani. wiudJaBS, Btookten 
auchura, atBatn Htceriniif Rear, double derricks to nil hatcbee. 
AC, drc. The engines, by MeeBie. Blair iL> Co,, Limited, ore 
triple-expanaian, baring oylindrra 'iii^ in.. SHj in. aod dl ia. by 
42 in, atrirke, Bt«Bm bein^ supplied by mo Biujile- ended boilers, 
with a worlcJng prea-eare of 2W lbs. The Tcaael wbb named 

Clan Hori^y.— On April 17ih there was launched by Meaara 
Doiford it: Sons, at Sunderland, tbe second of the large " Claa *' 
alenmera now Id conrae of conetruution for Meaara. Cayiwr. 
Irvine A I o , Glatgow, for tbe BombaT trade. Tbe venael ie 
400 ft. by SO ft, by 30^ ft., of the tnn-etd^ck type, and io olHeaed 
iiDder thi) apeoial lourvey of the ISntiah CorpoTutioii. Olaa^ow. 
and baa been under the immediate Buperintendeuce of ibeir 
local repieienCative. Mr. Macdonald. Ihe veH»e.l uaa named 
the Ciaii M^rrny, by Mies Lyall, daughter of tbe superintending 
engineer for the compatiy. The eieamer''e frroae regialer tr 
abuut '^,000 tooB, and abe is lo be fitted with tri-oompooiid 
eoein^B of 3,000 I,H.F,, Kivtug tbovMseta mei^n apeed oi«boiit 

1 2 knOtB 

Capmaolan.— On April 19tb there nee TatiDched by Meeers. 
R. Wll liamscn & Son, at Workington, a foil-rigged ship of the 
following dimenaioue:— Length, 21)0 ft. ; breadth, M h. 1 ia. j 
and depih of hold, 2'ih, (< in Tbe veM«l will have a net 
riegiater of 1,7711 tons, aad a carryita|j; oapaoity of 2.6^0 toiiB 
She WBB named tbe Cttritinitiiin. 

Ben HcvIb.— Lately UetafB. EllrinKbam launched at Sooth 
tt-hielda the ncrew trawler lltn Arm. This ia tbe aecond o( the 
North British. Fifihery Co,'!! b<^Bta, They M'tr buill for 
trawli&K lit North Sbiolde and Ahc.ba.e«n, and are manafjed by 
Mr. J. a. IrvJB. The Ben XevU is lUO It, over all and 19 ft. 
beam, 45 U.F,. and ie built aocordii)£ io Lloyd's requira- 
mentH 

Brltoa.— On April 3Ut there was launched Uom theyer>i 
of the Suoderlan*! SrbipbuJIdiBg Co., Lici'ted, to the order «.f 
W. Hawihoi-u, Es(),, of Cowea, I W., a Bteel screw ateamn, 
20li ft. between perpendicularB by 30 (t breadth by 14 fi. 
2 in. depth, clueaed 104) Al at Lloyd'a. nnder special survey, 
bavin;! raided quarter-deck, hrid^t- aud topgallant foriecQatle, 
The oltioerg' and engineers' maa&toom and uooommoda'ion iit 
placed amidehipa, whilet tha oaptoin la berthed in bouae O'U 
deck. The vessel is provided 'rith eteam triBohe" by Mr. B. 
Welford, of Fa)l:ioii,aii'd ban large batches to suit the trade 
for which ttie boat ia intended , ateam Bteerinij gear by 
MesHTB. Donkin Si Co., patent wiudUst by Meesre. Fjutraon, 
Walker A^ Thompson, Brox., Limited, tri-oompound enginea 
by MeBBra. The North Eaatern M«»iDe EuKineBring Co., 
Liraitied, Bauderland, haviug oylinderB IT in , i6 in,, and 4(i in, 
by 50 in, stroke, 17l> lbs, working preaenre, which inoltido ■ 
all the luteal improvemeuts in marine engineering. Tbe 
vettiie) ia built upon Very Hne linea for a bjnat of this type, and 
will carry on HJ ft. drau^lii of water 1 ,000 Cone deadwdght. oa 
the exceedingly low nut re(!iMer tontm^e of aliout 3.tO. Her 
apeed loaded will be eleven knotB average, Several atetuners 
of this tlaaa have been built by this ooinpsuy, all carrying a 
vt-ry larjre nargo upon a similarlj' enmll net ipiipage. During 

oonstructipn both bull and maihiuery fauve been inspected hj 

Mr, Reed ■.■n behalf of the fawner, and upon leaviiijr the waya 
B.ba wa.«. gTaoefully named Briiov by Mrs, Roland f hilipeon, of 
Tyiiemouth. 



LAUNCHES— &ion«. 

Linnet — On Moioh %thaateel eehoonerTigirpd slesmer of 
12.6 tuus, numed ttie Li.'jnff.wBB lannekeil Kt Aberdeen lorM-essra. 
J. l,ewiB A BoTi«, of Aberdenn. 

Chunploa.—On Idareh Sind » steel aolioODer- rigged steamer 
of mo touB, oatned the CKampian, was launcb«d at Aberdeen for 
Mr. F. Dooliii, jun., af QruUMti. 

Annette. — Oo March Blst Meaiia. David ,T. 3>un1on at Co,, 
fuuiueers Bud ahiptmildcrs, lt>oh Worka, Port- Glsagcw, launched 
a very hnndaomely desigiied steel screw Bteain yoobt for Uonitieiir 



I* 



May 1. 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



I 



Chkriea CviftpLB, UarMilleB, of tlie following dinteDMons : — 
Length an load -nater Line. HS ft.; breodtli.iuuultlcO, 1-1 (i. ti iii.i 
depUt tiLoaldad, 10 ft.; and 87 toae Ko.iat 'I InBoica jui-la 
mtiaxorFnietit, ih-e vnginei' for tbo jiflil twii^ pf Lbotriplu' 

cipBorFWii tjip^i kaTioff oylitiderd It in,, 16 in., uiiiJ 24 in. disnielvr, 
bj \6 in. t«i>);tlti ol ttrokr, wieb bitilei- SJ ft. 6 in. diucavU-r i>y H ft. 
lod^. all proportioubd tor & working pri:'B«ute u-l ITO lbs. par 
(qn>n! inch. Tlbe yaaht h&a be«a baiU to lAiyd'a 100 AJ clses 
uDdwr Bpeuial aurve;, aod is smartly rigged as a cwu.iuiiaLaU 
MbooDer Tlio uira«r'ii tuicommodatiou baa beou ipeciollr 
aiT«D|ted, Ann is tandmiDoI; fitted up in eolid oak puiielM, witb 
kU tbei bardwoiKl fDrnitare aad ^tiiaga finighed in d t4ui4to 
tnanner to corf^HpoDd, 1'b^ Forfr&rd paJ't of tbe reeael from 
oroW coal bnnltei' ia aet hpait (or cbiH uci.>omiuodii.tion. Tba 
aoM-tera for tha oftS-ii uw fitted op aft, nbiist the ospMin and 
Ht|p]i««» hare each a aeparsite atbia abaft the eD^ine.TDDni 
bnlkheiad. nitb accias to deok tbroagti after acoommodaliijii, xnil 
•liD to fludiiie-rooni tliruugh doorway in engino-iDoaL bulkbead, 
thia door beiiiK «rat«rtipliL (ictiDg. snould oocaaion arine to □■» it 
■B Bocb. Tbn deck fttliu^s i^iuludH oaa ol ftmA's patent ileaiu 
windhuMaiuid !«« jncbt's boate. The dtiiietUr on leaving tho 
WA^e, y*» gracefQily cbritit^nvii by Madnta? <Jafii>|ita, 

Lktliftriui' — Oa Uarol) diet thorn was Uaacbed by tho Ailsn 

Sbirbuildill< C^i » Btaui qprew staiuii yacht for Mr. Uit^h 
U. Smilt^, <;>f L^TQ'', baiit Ui >a^ai)ta b; Mr Q. h. Wataon. Uee 
dioMCiaioiis &M:— Length on Ifieut wahic lltin, Ifillfi.i Ureadtb. 
naaldMl, 23 ft. n in, ; dapth moDlded. 14ft, 3 in ; and ihe ia to be 
Btt«d by MuFHTt. Mnir A Hoaaion. Limited, wittitriplB.ezpaii«Joa 
pogiue* 11 in,, f£ lu ., Had SS in. bj 24 In. stroke. She la to bitte 
a eoaiplete iiiHtallaUotJ ot electric ligbt tbroug^faout, b«t water 
beating amuigeinei>t anil refrit^einting plant, and all niiKtera 
■ppliaiicee F«r cx>mfurt and effitiiout PAvigationi Ah ehe lalt tb« 
■way*, aha was nniv«d ihe inM-trim by Mr"- Srailaj. 

GuBllda.^ — On Thuriday, April let, Mmbtb. Raoiage A Far^ 
|liiiii:,n. Limited, iiiouobed from their yard ai Leitb s lalU 
powBjed at^rl vtC-nni yaobt uf about ^DO tuna y,iii,, built to the 
urieruf MtMT*. A. E. dr J. U. Bladen, WiodermFre, f ram tbe 
deaJerna ol HflMra. Cai A K.iii^, Luodun. Tbe javhb IB builr, of 
atetl to th? higb'G't' olaaa at Lloyd's, and iisa tripla-expsnaiuti 
•nftinea ft tbo biiiVdera' make, sappUnd with. Htvaio from tna 
boilera, and all designed to priop«il bar at a bigb rate of speed. 
Tbe scMiMmrdation ia Ter^ large far a jacfa.t uf thia size, coin- 
|>iiaing diniiig, diawiDg-, and smoke rooma uu mam deck, oith 
prutiiHnade deck abate, wbile on luner dack a l&r^e Dumber of 
atate ruomg are placed for ownera and tlteir (rienda. Oti 
If^ving the ways the yacht waa oumed Gunilda by Misa Mail, 
WiDderoierB. 

VaJpAr&llO.— On April Sad Meaara:. Fleming A Fbt^okoti, 
Litatueo.abipbuilutira and engineers, faisle}', laimohul fram their 
jard a powarrnl tcret* tii)^-»L«Biner, Valparai$0, bail! by t>h«in 
for the Chillaa GovFTmneDt. 

Raillvn CuUe, — On April 3rd Heaara. Hawlhoms Ji Co., 
Ijiii>>t^<i, UuDt-iJDil frotd tlieir JutA a eteani biawler tu the ord«r 
of Hr- J. A. ttciitb, Ua)l. Her dimensions are : 111 ft, 6 in. b.p,. 
21 ft. beam, and II fL.3 ID. depth ol hold. Sba will be anpplied 
■on l^itecl bji tbe buildera nitb triple-aipansiun eiiKinea bstiDg 
vylind-ra 13 in,, 21 in., and 34 la. by 24 in.r working at n proiiure 
of 170 Iba, Bha will bare all the lateat iDipruTcunenta for trawl - 
lug (tiirpoeps. incladiDg ottor trtiwl' iirni. A» ehe left tbe naya 
•be wa"! oam-ed It^'tfifrt <'iutU by Miss Smith. dBimhter of tbe 
dirtier. 

SanakllfihPa.— On Aptil Srd Meaara. N&pier, Bbanks A Bell, 
Ti>kHr, laiinrtiifd tbe Saniiki Mum. tbe iecoud of three twin 
act** Ht*aiiierg beitiig Cuuau noted by tbein fur tbe Nippuu Vdbud 
Kaiaha, ut Takio, Jjipau. Tbia roitael. lik.e her aiater fthip, the 
Satftuff* .V'irii, recently Uauoh^, ia ^bcnt (!,0L>0 tone, of ibie 
■' Uitee-deuk" tvpif, with povp biidga and f.jf«oagtl*, atiil pa«tiitl 
(ihad^. Llt^lt, ^onatrlict^ to Ll0fd'« 100 A 1 da^a, alid nlao to 
Hoitid of Traidei requirement a fOir paaat/iU||rbrB, Tiia %imu/'i ilnru 
ia artapt^dl for oiriT'iiig a lurae deadweight o> oargo, ia nltMl 
with t-ba moat ttppruvad appTiuaoei for salety and ecooooiicai 
liacdliiiij of onrico, und baa nk tbe annie time auperior aoootn- 
uolntlon for n. large naunber of Srn^ und aecood-ulaaa and 
ateera.ita paaaenxerdi Tbe veeaul will niau bafv u conipkiu 
iDBtallation ol ulectrio lighti infLuiliiig aigual an^ Saez Cajial 

lil[ht'*> Kffluient Tontilstiirn. wdl be .iioured by the ii9« of tho 
*' Utabtryi " Vi^ntilstion Ca.'t< apeuiftl tnajbinerj' aud riiutilators, 
Tb« exfpiiea — twm-aoiew 'anppliod by Mea^ra. Uunamuir A 



Jaokson— Bi« cunatmotAd and tniDlahsd ia the bertatyle, T)i« 
veaafl has been built nndi r tho SQperriai'OD of CnptaiD Feria.m 
Bu4 Jlr. Geoigw Miuj Car lane. 

XaDlB,yariDOiitIi, and ZeiLHOP.— Heuro. Mwkte A Tbonaoo 
have taanubeu bI Cothq iliice ateel ateam trawlora. oaoh ot 
About lU^ tuna groe^i. TIjey were narned Anniu, yarmaulti, and 
Ztnattt wilt be obiaaed 100 Al, aud aru owned by Meaara. 
Uaiterup, Dongbtj i Co,. uf'QnuiBby. 

W&lton Belie. — On April Bth a Atm ataamer waa Ifknnitliad 
from Lliu Hhipy&rd of Muaare. Williiam Denny A Bro'tbera, ot Dnm- 
barioD, for tb« Bella Steameie Co. 6he ia intfiuded to extend 
tbe trade irom C lac ton -on -Sea to Yannontb. and wna nainad th« 
(f'lillbn BeiU by Miait Wbit«, the daughter of Iteputy Wbit«, one 
of biiei dimctora. 

Craf taint n— On April 14Lh Measrt. CharleB C mil i Co. 

launched from their abipbuildliiitr yard at t^uotBto-nn th« i.g, 
Craltiiiian ft>r Messrs. TboCTiaa and Jamea HarriBoii, Liverpool, 
l^be basboeu huiUcousiderabljin eioeeaot Lloyd's requirementa 
lor their hi^htst utaeH, aad will carry it bout 9.1.00 toiia, ditutii- 
•iona being iM ft. by M ft, ('. in. by 53 fc 9 in, Tbo rn^imea. 
wbioh are bring fitted by Mbsbtb. Dumiwoir ^ Jntkaon, <i0fan, 
are of the triple-oipiLnaion typt, with cylinderB 27^ in,. 45,\ in., 
aad 75 is. by I'O in. atrohi?. The boilera are fltied with Uow- 
ilaa'a forced diBogbt, and there ia also a tompl«te ioHtallation 
of electric lightioK' ^od tbe provision for hauoling cargo is of 
the moat ample &ud complete doBoriptina. 

HaDdalln.— On April IStb M^sgrs. Ram&ije & FergDaoii, 
Limited, launched a bteam yacht of about H4) tc-D&, bailt to th« 
order of A, L. Hewitt. Esq., London, ttoni their ouud^ei^n. 
Tbe dimeD5ioas are ft8 fc.2iD. by 14 ft. and 8 ft, 9 In, moulded 
aad tbe mikdiiJiiery coiiaialB of a. set of oompound surface con> 
deaaing engini:4j witbcylindera 11) tn. bj 2;i iu. diumoter, by 18 
in. atnike, ateaio being aopptied fion» a large boiJer, working ai 
1 10 Iba. pressure. The aooommodation ia uougQally spauiQiju foif 
a >a{iht oF thid aize, and vhan oompJeted she will make a moat 
comfortable crniMiiiR vewel. On leaviug tbe waja the yucbt was 
iiamett ilanilolin by Mrs. A. G. Raiuiif!*, and afterwards the 
buildera entertained tbe owner and hia fiiends to liinoh, when 
the toiista neiial go aucb ocoMiODs Were duly honoared, 

HUlBide— On April 16th the Graniieinouth Dookj-ard Co, 
launched from their abipyard at Grangemouth a handaomely 
Riodi^Uikl three-mBBted liarfi^uentiDe. ahe haa been bnilt for 
Culiouialowiierji.gpBciall) tor tbe lumber trade. Her dliueuHiona 
are — 15S ft. by 33 ft. 1 iu, by 13 ft., and she will carry nbuur 
T.^U louadaBd'B'eight. She baa bc-eu boill nndct Lloyd's ap«gial 
Hurvty for their Hio Al clatia, and ie bfioji fitted out auder the 
a u pterin tundenua of Captain Morrell. who will coui.itianil tbn 
vebwl on completiun. On leaving the wava ahe was mimed II^IL 
urie by Mra. Loviit, wife of owner, who waa preaeat with a 
tompaDy of friende- 

KyaJltte. — Ou April llth M«earfi.Sc«ttA Sons Koaghed frvm 
(.hair BbipbDildimg yard at Bowlinft a screw Bte&in«i-ofdiniMi* 
siona la'i ft by iU ft. by IS li,. built to the order ofMr. Williarn 

KobertBon. l.i.GordoQ Btroet, Ulaagow. Triple-yipanaion en. 
g; uee will be fitted on board by Me«rs MiiiraHotiatoii, Limited, 
Kitiniug Park, (lJLiaij.ow, Oo moving down the ways the at«amer 
ua.a uaoivd Jij/uji-U by Miss Coiiper, of Oiaagow, 

Oaprey.— Oti April 17th tfae Fairfldd Shipbuilding and 
EnjiinecriiiK Co., Liuiiled, la-inohed the torpedO'boui dCHtrover 
Oifrrt-i, vihioh they have baiic for the Biitiah GoVt-rnm-nt. ihe 
Oiprcfi ia the e«oODd o-f th.-«« aiinilar veasels boilditig al 
Fairfipld. Thty are eipeoted to attaia on trial a epeed of 30 
knoEa per liaar. 

BuTOrT-Ou April 2(lbh nfesirs. Ooaria; Broa. A Co.. Innnvhei! 
from ibeiryardut dindeetbeHdFbiV tug ateanier /.icu. wjnoh liaa 
beaii built to the Older of tbe Adeiside Steam Tng Co,. iind*r 
tliGiQaptclioii of Mtsars. Fldjjjiery, UiLggallay 4 Jobnaoii, of 
Lojidon and Liiferpool. The vesset'a ditnenuioDe are — 130 (t bv 
•i2 ft, (i in. by l:( ft. .1 in., ond sbe i» bailt to Lloyd's tUas. Tb'e 
vbbmI will be fitted with salvage pump, anrl tbe iiatiivl towmila, 
low. hooks, AC. Her eugineH will take aleani from boilera of 
II ft, by 10 ft. G iu. fay a ft. 4 in. and are of the follgwintf 
dimensiaiia: — li'> iii„ 20 iu. aod J3 in., bj 30 in. 

HIvetle.— On A 20ih Maaara. SootI A Co.. Gfeeuock, 
launched a fli*el tour-mnitad harqae named .\irtiU, to the 
order of Mr. Arohibild ilua.aell. ol Aacheuraioh (Me««re. Join, 
Uardio d Co.. Glg>agow. mianagBra), Diraenaiouai^Leavtb 
2SB ft, 1 in. ; bi-oadtb, |3 ft, ■> in. ; depth, U ft. a in. ; gtoai 



THE MABINE KNGUs'ifiEa. 



iMay I, 1»9T. 



tonnage. 2,42ll-!>3, with a. cftrrying capncit j of AMO totiB. Tha 
Nivtlit bu been bnilt to Ibe lates of the BritJBh Coipantion'a 
liigbeat oIksb. 

SuttflB. — On April *JOth M^sara. A Rodtjer ± Co,, I'oit- 
UIas^ow. [banched t, stael ftcrew •■teafoet. b^nied Saltnn, fnp 
AleeBire. .lobu Bunloy A Co., London. Dimecmutis; — Length. 
Sli ft,; breuctLh. 14 fL( depih 20 (t. •! in, Tha niBL^hiDery 
will b» HU|>plied by Mer^fv Hall Brown, Bullery & Co.. GIab' 
^ow, And the elB&iner will ba cominitDdeii by Cbpl&io Pike. 

Bteel Tug.. — Od April 2l)t]i from CA,iii|)Bri3onii BtiipbuildiQiJ 
>B.rd. Dundee. & eteel m^ and aalvaRe boat waa launched lor 
tlis Adelsidtj Steamship Co, Her bonoa^e is 335. aod abe 
U 137 n. in lengib, 22 fi, 7 in. in brendtb. tiiid U ft. 2 in. In 

depth . 

Crd-ig-Gowan,— On April 20tli a htiw ateftiu liner, whicli bas 
b^eii added to the AlMtdeen Crai^ Lioa of liehing vMjielB, wue 
lauDtihbd from tbe utiipbuildiiiif yard of Mesers. Hal), HaeBsil 
de Co.. Aherdfen. Tbe vetiseil. wbich »'&■ named the Cjui;/. 
n<j»<iri. in lol ft. in luimith aUorer. and is llllioosK'OitB rpgi-slF'r. 
Bbe will be tilted wiib Btl^Bl boilers and compound tn^iosH of 
•ilQ l,U.P. an4 Will be dftSBod 100 .^ al Llo>d'a. 

XoaoGV— On April 20th McBBre, Uuse-il A Co.. launcbed f rgm 
Killg"tijn Yirtl, Port-Glasgow, tbe Bcrew-steaoieir ,^»u^■^•, Tbl« 
vH^Bvl ii4 !^.300 tons grosfi. with a daaiinti^ht cftrrviKg oapacity 
o( 4,1,'nl lont. She iiieai-ures — Leitgtb. iilO ft.; toidih, 44 fi. .- 
iiupbb. '22 ft. Lui[ ia Tbe onnerw H.ra Mesafi. Koley ± Co.. 
rimiled. Eaverpool. Triple- ex pan sioD cogiiies will bo sappli«d 
by HeBare. Kincaid li' Oo., Greenock. 

BD. 2. — On April 'iSnd MesEra. Vita Birnan».k Co., Limited, 
Itonfrew. jaimeb'iad from then' yard a powerful ba.rK'S laadjnij 
diodger, which rbey have oonBlruiited uodtr thn direction of 

.lubm M. HoCurrioh. Baq , M.liiatX'.C. oaKJiieer la tbe Bristol 
Docks Donrd, TbiaveEsel iedpsi^ed to load JniMiiilOion bargca. 
and n able todredgn ite owd flviE^tion io a d»pt.li of 32 h. bolow 
ilie water li-vtil. CompouDd eartucb ^oiKltinpinK (>Dgir]t:B ^r^ 
tirta^ 10 propel the veaecl and drive the dredging ma.cliiDery 
Tha bow and stern ninoheB and boiBting ^par are ilrivpu by in- 
daperdent engines. Tlie dredgi-i-, whioU is oanieil li.D.1,vr.>, 
liuiiclitd I' -itiptete vilb buoktits all op rc»d; (or work, and b 
incondad to steam to Bristol in a few days, 



» 



Vi in. BtTol(«, Sleiiiu \6 enppliAd hy one l&F^e single-ended 
boiler, oouHtriiul:^ to work at lllli lbs. jir(aB.iire to Ibe sqnaro 
inch. Tbe umohioery departuieut in to be Nupplitd witb awry 
modern iTuprovemenc for ecooomioal WLirklui! Tbe abip will be 
fitted with titienni nindlaea end st«.-u.in windiea, aa wait as side 
parte foi' (.tiaIci facility in loitdinii: and di»uliargiiif! coirj^o. Bhe 
will bftvi; twOpoI^ lUi^sW. wttb awuinKB fore and ftlt \\\» wljole 
l«n|;th ol tbe nhip. Afi the UbBilttl was laanclied the visitors wiio 
bad been invited by ibt^ Tekku-Hbo Ibrew showrrBof rice eaktM 
after tbe Uiijuwa-nmru Iot good lack. She will be leady for her 
trial trip in about two months, when tt ia exp«ited ahe will 
rnnke over 14 knots. 



LAUNCH,— NoBw AY, 

Beluefnon.— On April 'itd NeBore. Berttpoa Mekaniake 
Vx-rkated,. Ber^ieD. Korway. lanncbeil from their yard a atet-l- 
eorew Bteaint^ruf tba lollowin^ dimBuaious;— Leni^tb. over all, 
•2.''7 (t. ; breadth, moulded, ai fi. li in. ; depth. moiilded, IB tc Hin. 
Tho itbtp \a built lo tbe bightHt clmir lu ih« Norwefrian Venlaa, 
and liiiB raiii»d ifuarterdeok, briil^B and lopgnllant forecaatte. 
Cellular double butlotu for w&ter iballftst in main ^t\A after 
holds and irimniiii.i; taoka fore and aft . Btenm steering ge^r. 
Btaam windUss, tiirtd^ Bti-a,m wincheH. &c. Evsry modtrrn irn- 
provemfnl haw betu embodiad in ber conntroction and oulfit. 
iQcludini; 'leutriu light, bhe ia built eapccinlly for tha Atneri. 
can fruit trade, and has a latge nomber of venlilatoni to tha 
bolds, Tbeepgiuea aretriple-ofimpound with cylinders ISJ in , 
3(1 Id. aad SO in. cinmHer and -VS in. Mroke. Two Urge boileri), 
oonatructed fnr a working presaura of ITS- lbs. par Pi|aara innb. 
Speed about Yi knotB. The ship waa named tha Brlivriien, and 
ia built to ibe order u( QaTBld Irgena. Ea[|., of Ibia port. 



LAUNCHES,— Iitfan, 

O'rmu'a — On Marcb Soth a steel uteamer of uboat :t.7H0 groBa 
lonnnj^e. named tlia Ormura, wu> launched at BelluBt for 
Meaara. B. and C Allan, Olaiijow. 

Beverley —On March 'Jfith a ateel >-tcatll» of abont 1,450 
gross tonnage, niitiied the fici'^rjfy, was Unuciied at 6i^)fB.Bt lor 
MesBi-a. It. imd (J. AUun, Glasgow 

QyHa. — On April I'tli a lar^e sl'Sainor, biii.lt to the order of 
tbe Cimard Co , was Immohed by MeaarB, Workman, CUrh A Co. 
ftt BvUuBt. Tbe*'i(i'>"r aa*'ba Di-w Utinarderisnamtd, Will have 
I, pari^tiig oapadty of &.0U0 tana, and will be pn|!,s^ed iu the 
aompany'a Medicerranenn tmde. Btaa in tbe aecond of tbr.L>e 
Bteamcra ordered from Mtaars. Workman. Clack & Co. by Ibe 
Oaoard Co 

LAUNCH,— Jip*¥Mi, 

Olfawa-Hftrii — On Wadneaday, Ft^brufttj ITIh, tbere was 
Uuncited ttooi the Gaaka Ironworkii, D^k and Shipbnildinir 

Yard (Takko-Bbo) the twin. ftcrew Htaamsliip Otiiatini-Mam, GOD 
Unu groAB, baihto tha order of the UaakaKhosan Kaiaha lOsak* 
Staamabip Co.). Iieio^ the first of tlirec Qiater'vaBselB ordarad 
trom the eame yard by tine same Owiktb, and Intended for the 
Inland Re» maQ aervi«e. Bhe in LTOft. in length, 'j;j ft. in beam, 
and IT 1%. in depth of bold. The hull in btliit tntirely of atcel, 
on the spar-deck principle, to tbe hiii^heat dasa of Jripmieai.' 
Board of Trji-de lequirementi', with four waterti{!ht comp/irt 
mantH, and ahe is to be handaomely fitted up for firat, aecond, 
and thirJ-claBh. paHBt-'oi^LTt. The run between Oaaka and Bjikiui 
(MI ports painCs through eomc very narrow and intricate chan- 
Deta, quite iiiipa^^ble For larije sratt ; the desiei) of th'e Oiffiii^'iit 
J/uj-u louchsH the liiiiJt if pOBBibihty in thia direction, »ud the 
reaaoA '■■' ptoviding bee with twiu.acrewsiathat a single propel- 
ler would not giva aiiftieient spwd with her lipht draught. The 
engiuaB. supplied by the boitdera. luo of iriple'eipuoHion type, 
indicalnig WJO H,r. ; i:ylindert 12 in., 18 in. and 31 in. diatoeler. 



TRIAL TRIPe. 



^ 



DucheBB of DeYODshlre.— The twin-aariw steamer Duehna 
(U Dumithirf. wbiob arrived ot Greenooli from Barrow on Mnrob 
I'itA, and on tbibt day pcrtoruaed the natural draught trinlB. 
W4a detained, owin^ ti> tlie gevece weather njitil M^rob '.^'iibi 
u-beti The full-a.pe«d trials were completed. During & fresh gije 
a mean epeed of over 111 knota waa attained on the m^aaured 
uiile, and thnreaftar full speed was maintained for six hours. 
Thia mora ihan fulfilled the liuaranree of the ballders, and 
taking into account the very aoTAre weather, wih biebly 
aatiefactory to all concerned. The Dichtfioi' Dtnoiithirt then 
prnyeeded to Barrow, oQcounterinijt On retnmiTtg e, aimiiar 
^nle to that which wne experi^ni^ed (M-min^ to ihv Clydt. and the 
vi-ftae] dcmonatratBd her .ixcalleDt aaa-golng qualitias- Tha 
vesiiel has b>an built by the Naval Construotion and Arma- 
m>-ntB Co.. for Meaars. James Little Jt I.'o.'m Uarrow line of 
FtoamerB, in conueiclion with tbe Midland and Fnrnetie ttail- 
wny Oo'a. The dimensioua of the ^eaaat are :— Length, 

;J00 ft, between perpaudiniilaJB ^ bi-e<BidLb, tnpqtded, 3o It.; 
Hppth, monlded to main deoV. 1-i ft., having above the main 
deck a promaiiiad.a dook th« entirulengili of tbn vos^. and orei 
thia 0. lomt bridjte deck wilh lH.r)j« and hanciiaome aocommoda. 
tioa for ilrBt.oUiB pajtaeiiuera amidBhip^ aud for Bocoad'ulaaf 
paaBcneers aft. During the aummer montbe the Dwhnt o/ 
Jtmttn-liirfWkh. run between Barrow and tho Tele of Man. anii jn 
tbe winter aepson aha will be engaijed in the BacrL-w and Bellan 
trade. Her Apet'd trials prove (liiit ebe will l:ia aMa to wake the 
lale of Man paBBage iu about 2j hours, and the Belfast paaaage 
in about fix huura. 

Treirllley —On Mircb 30tb tbe trial trip of tbe new aoren 
fitcamer, T-itUUi/. built by Mes^rB. Jubn Reudlmad A Sooa, 
Hotttb Shields, tu tbe order ot Mfsbts. V.. Hain X Son, St. Ivts, 
Cornwall, took plate o)? tbe Tyne. The veasel is 3'2S ft. in 
length, IT ft. broad, and 2fi ft depth, moulded, and ia ieloasad 
100 Al at Lloyd'a. bbe ia of the improved ain^le-deck type, 
her deadweight capacity being O.lUti tone on a livht drangnt. 
Her enginea, alao bnilt by MeBsrs. John lUadhead A Bona, 
areef tbe triple-expanBion 'yp'". U^viDg ijyliiiderti 'liiia., 44 in., 
a,iid B4 in. in diameter, with i'2 Itt. btroke. ateuiu being supplied 
by two larpe atari boiLarB working ai a. preaaure of 160 tba. per 
B<iaB)e inch. During the trial the maobinery worked very 
smoothly, the triuL aho^ather iMing aatiafaoiory to botb bnilden 
BJid owners. 



r 



May 1, 18974 



THE MABDTE £NQINE£U. 



76 



Kawftohl Kara.— On April let the Iwin-eAtew ^Wmar 
KiKxflii Ma'u, tecantly Uiinohed Irotn the yard oJ Mowrs. 
N«pier, Shnnka ± Bell, Yoker, compl&ted her trials on the 
CLfdft. A mean speed on the meaHured mile of neB.cIy 14 knots 
W*5 0bUined, this being confidored highly satisfBoLOry, The 
X^faeht Morn is a ChrM-decked *eaae], oiijobI rooted to Lloyd's 
too At claee, &nd alao lo Baard ot Trade lequirementa for 

Saa#«aser8. Her din!eneif«n« are; — Lenglfc, botmeon pefpen- 
iculars, 44&U., and bretdtb -19 ft., wilK tt gioia td>Dnai;e of 
ftbsnl 6,000 tons. Bhe U the first of three TfiseelB being can- 
■tructed by thiH tiros for tb« Nippon Yiib«d Eaiaba, of Tokio, 
Japan, the maohinerf being supplied b; .MsftKra. Dunnnair & 
Jttcb»on, Ooi'an. 

BritAnnle- — On April 2i3d the etaamer ItriianKit left Weat 
Hartlepool for her oSicial tri&l trip. The vessel ia 336 ft. long, 
4T ft. broad, and 24 ft. 10 io. deep, and bsn been built hj Meeers. 
WiUi&m Gray & Go. to the ardor of Meearfl. W. H. OockerHuad 
Co , Hall, to take Lloyd's liigheat claes. Tbe enginea ara of 
Lbe triple«xp«n*ion type, bnilt by the Cantral Marine £hgiDA 
Wot ka, the oylindets being '24 in,, S.i in, and 64 in.^ wilh n 
piatoD fttrelce of 42 in., steam being geoerat-ed in two extra large 
■teel boilerB, fitted with the " arohed Porres' " ribbed form of 
fnrnkce, and oonHtruoted for a working pressure of 160 lbs. per 
«iakre iooh. The hall and rntbotiiiiery hare been conBtrocted 
Doder the peTsonal anpervieion of Mr. George H. Strouf^i 

Htl-N'A., coPSuUiDg engineer, Hull, nho w»8 pregeut at the 

trial trip as re|)resentiDg the owners ; there baing also present 
Captain Murrcll and Mr. Lindaay. <od behalf of the builders of 
the ship and enRin?« respectively. The BntmiHie uiidarnent the 
BinSil tnaii(«ovring iu tlie Bay. the noa.ther being moat 
boietaroiii and oauBine. racing of the eURinss. hot evBrjtbiog 
WM found to work admirably, sod the reseel then prooeeded 
Io Memel od beT caaideo yoyn^tie, Captain B. Bolton in 
eomniand. 

K«FFy.— On April 2Dd the sV&el screw- steam er, Kemi, built 
and eoginod by Heaara, BIncknood & Gordon, rort-filaBgow. 
(or the City of Dublin iSteam I'A'aket Co., DabUn, for thie 
oorapany't triffi^ between Icplaod and England, weat -down 
th« Firth, on her offioial trja.1 raoe. The woaiher was mAgoiG- 
cent. Among those on board were:— Mr. William Watson, 
maoa^ng director of the City of Dublin Co. ; ilr. E. G. Ferber. 
saperintendin^f engineer ol the City of Unbiin Co. : Mr. D. B . 
MoGooab, partner of Measre. Blackwood and Gordon : Mrs. I). 
B. HaOeocb ; Mr. F. P. PnrviB, partner of Meeera, Blaohwood 
A Oordon ; Mrs, F. P, Purvis ; Mr. Wm. Watson, snpenntond- 
io^ engineer of the Clyde Shipping Co., Limited, GreonOck; 
Mr. T. A. Crompton, London; Mr. T. lloisloy, Board *f Trade 
Borveyor, Grwnook; Mr. A. D. Wedgwood. Dumbarton; Mr, 
"W A- Taylor, Iiiverpool : Mr. Chas. R. Stewart. UlaBjiow ; Mr. 
and Ure. Jas. Craig-, Gooroch: Mr, .4. HarriH, GriwniM^k, and 
otlm-e. Letters of apology for absence were received from : — 
Ur A. W, Archer, of Drogheda Stoam Packet Co., Drog-beda ; 
Mr. £, Swiceon of the Duiidalk and Newry Gteain Fs.i;bet Co-, 
Dnndalk ; Sir John BurnB, Mr. Jas. C. Burug dod .Mr, GeoTfio 
Bnroa, GlBftgow ; M^BBrti. Geo. J EidMon and Jas. CnthbertrOf 
tb« Clyde Bbipping Co., Glangow; Mr. Geo. Sloan, of MeurH. 
Wm. Sloan A Co,.GUafiow; Mr Andrew Stewart, of Mesars. 
6t«wart d Olydef^dale, uUei^ow , Mr. John Neilson, ated mer- 
chast. Glasgow ; Ur. Wm, MvConcel], of Menare. A. A. Laird A 
Co., Oiaegpw. Tbe Ki^ry ie the fifth Bteamer built ami engined 
bj Meena. Blaokwood A Gordon for the City of Dubho Steata 
neket Co., the others beinf^. GaJiray, Liiuth, tt'u-k-lnf and 
Ca rtott. The Xtrrp h a dnpUoate of the Carlinc, anil will be oom- 
tDftaded by Captain Conlon, the engina-room b^ing in diarg^e of 
Ue. R. Spfnoe, both old eervauts of the oomp&ay. Her 
pnncipal dimensiDua, are^— Length, 8'JO jft. ; breadth, 34 ft. r 
d«plh. 16 fl. '> in., and m of l.'JTO tone ^^iosb regtsler. The 
■Btfinea are triple- pxpatisi on, with btOniie propeller and large 
boOers capable of working np to felly 9,000 B.F. Bhe is 
■{Moialiy adapted for the cross ohannel traffiu between Liver- 
pool and Dublin, and ia fitted to carry 500 cattle, while on (be 
npp«r deck sheep hltinga are arranged, Tlie moat approved 
methoil of ventilation hae been adopted to enaare the aafo and 
coLnlortnble tma^it of «attle, BeeideB ample accommodation 
for atocrage passengAre and a well -ventilated c^bin for lh« 
exclnsivenae of oattle dealers, there ii. on the poop deck private 
cabins for SO Ilrst-class paasengera. Tbe main saloon bas 
additional accommodation (or TO passengers, making 100 in 
all. The private cabins and the ealoon are liandsomely 
furnished, well ligjhtsd and ventilated, and the ateamer ia 



fitted Ihronghont with eteotrie light by HeeBri. Siemens Bros., 
London, Special attention faae been viren to the apartn:ieuta 
fot officers and crew. The Irialconaisted of six hoars con seen live 
BteaBiing, with the machinery working at a aniform rate ol 
100 revolutione per mionle, the lights from Cloch to Cnnibre« 
were ran foor times, during which a mean apocd of l&|knota was 
Attained, being J of a knot beyead the gnsrantee. Alter 
dinner Mr, D,B. MicGeooh proposed " Saocess to the Kerry." He 
eaid the Kerry had had a very fortunate day both as to 
wosther conditions and tbe speed she attained ; she was the 
fifth steamer his firm bad bout for tbe City of Dnblin Bteaoi 
P'acket Co. £be had given satisfaction bo far, and be had no 
doubt if the gave the same entiBfaotion «4 th^ others hiul done 
when 00 her station, tbe on-nere int,ght be iDduced to place a 
sixth with ihstn to build. The A'«ry prooeedod that night to 
Liverpuol, and woald take np ber atation on Monday, and ir 
she proved aa sacoeBsfni as her predenessora Hhe woald.be a 
profit to ber owners and a credit to them. Mr. William 
Watson replying, suid it was very gratifyinf to them that tbe 
fifth teasel built (or them by Meeera. Blaokwood A GordeP {the 
fourth of her claitB) had a very suti^Utlory trial, the three 
Hteamera of tbe sKine olaHS had been ruoniriig [iontinnonsly, and 
wbat was more satiHfaciory was that they generally did the 
whole distance at the aame apeed they attained at their (rials 
on the Clyde. The diatsnoe is 1^0 milea. and they constantly 
make ft in citiht honrs, which bronght out e^aotly fifteen knots 
an hoar. The publi'C and the membere of tbe cattle trade had 
prooounoe4 them to bo moat s«.tiHfaotory, in Gvory partiealar 
they had been moal &ucc«eafQl ; he shoald think that il the trade' 
repaired an additional steamer to be bnilt they woold be very 
an willing to go peal Messrs. Blaokwood k, Gordon. Mr. 
MoQeoch then proposed the "City of Dablin Steam Packet Co'' 
In implying. Mr, Wataon eaid the flirai o( their now mail 
Bervioe steamers between Dablin aixl Holyhead had co mine coed 
the day previonSi uteii the time had been aooalerated hybalf <m 
hour ; he croseed hi meeK in the tw« first trips, and he bad aince 
had a tekgraphic comnrmnicatian saying they had none taatet 
atiU, and considerably within the time the company had con- 
traoted far with tho Post Office The City of Dublin Co. 
was 74 yearn old, for nearly lio years they had oarried the mailSi 
firal from Dnbiliii to Liverpool, and Crom Itil^iO tzom Pnblin 
to HoJybead. tbej hoped to be doing bo for a iocg time Io 
come. Mr. Wataon n«!it proposed the •■ Bnifdere," whioh 
was replied to by Mr. F. P. Purria. The " OSoials " of tbe 
City of Dublin Steam Packet Co. waa given by Mr. McOeocb 
and re»pondcd to by Mr. Ferber, 1 he ■' Press " was proposed 
by Mr. Watson and responded to by Mr, Mackay, of the Iriih 
TriHct, Boblin. Tbe chairman read a letter o( apoli^^y troU 
Mr. McC^nnell of the 'Laird Line," in which he said th» 
Daiti/ und l-ili/, fcCeritly built for his company by MeaHrs, 
Blackwood* Gordon, weredoing splendid work. The weather 
tbroagbout the croitie was exoewUngly fine and the party were 
landed at Goarook Pier in the afteraooD. 

Uoaoa.—On Uooday, April 5th. tbe ateel screw Hteamur 
.V^ana proceeded on her trial trip down the Firth Thii veasal 
has been built by Meaars. William Deoity & Brothers, of Dam- 
barton, for the Union Steamsbip Oo . Limited, of New Zealand, 
and bas been apeoially desii^nMl (or tbeir rapidly growing psa- 
sen ger set viae between Han FranciBco and the Colonies. Her 
dimeoalons are as foUowH ;— Length between pcrpeudioulate, 
350 ft, ; breadth, moulded, 4J (t, ; depth to npper deok, 34 ft. 
She haa a tonnage of '6;'Jl5 tona gross, ond has been built to 
the highest clasa of the British Corporation. The hnll i^ sab. 
divided by ai^ven water-tight bulkheads, and is Qtted with a 
double bottom for carrying water balUst. This vessel. aUbongh 
oarrying no less than 3,000 toni) deadweight, has been prirosrily 
designed (gr patwen^er rorvloe, and with ibis object in viiw ha» 
been fitted with all the most luodera aod approvtMl applidJtcds 
which ar« demanded by the lainry of modem travel, and 
which the skill of the bnilders* and ownsre' represeDtativas 
Gonid suggest. The prlnoipal saloon is on tbe main deck afi, 
and is a ma^iiQcent apartment of about 60 ft. by 40 ft , and 
has aeoommodation for dining atone lime no less than 110 
paaaengerB. The pussengers' state-rooms are arranfied prin- 
cipal !y on the main deck forward and libAft of the main faloon. 
There' ia acOomnioiJation provided (or about ISO first-claE-B pas- 
sengers and LIG ueoond- class. Of these latter, HO berths have 
been speeially arracged so as (o form an adjnnct lo the flrst- 
olass if so deaired at any time. One important featureof the 
paeaanger arr^ngemenl is the ton« bro«d alleyways an eaoh 
side of the ship, it being poaaible wnen the dwre are open to 



76 



THE MARINE ENGIKKER. 



[May 1, 1897. 



aee from one end of the veue] lo the other in ftn unbroksn. line. 
A Bpeoiol feature^of iliiB veaael ia the very large namber of deck 
mbina arraogcd in centrtU de-ckhoitees on the upper deck. 
Tbeae hirve been specially couaidered bq &e to gira light KaA 

ttiry B^pSirtmentaeDittLbte lot trOJ'ii^l service, Oq the ilppei deck 

ttdjoining the mnBic-ioom and deck o&btnsi hftfl been pl&Md the 
Bmokjng room. The ^econd-cIasB pasaengcr a^comniod&tioii 
is on the mrnin dock forward <il tha boiler-roonj. Tlie aalooo is 
A Iltkc, con]fDrj;abl# and airy apariiinent, Th>erB is dining 
aCDommodation Tor li pafBengen. Tha MCond-olftBa cabins are 
fitted forward and aft of thie sal'ooii. The vees»l hae beea 
pri>v>ded throiighont with eleotrio light. The \easel hue b^Au 
fitted tfaraai^baut with hydrauliu cargo gear by Mesara. Brown 
firothere. of Edinliur^b. and ia provided with their lat&Bt <ta|iac- 
tnre in bydrAniii. defricka. This aoaduoas to rapid working of 
oarico, and, beini; being practically noiBeleag, Aoea not interfere 
with theccmfort af paaacagera. the ateering g'ear ieby the ' 
aaeue liiiu, and it) one of their well-known eteam tillers. A 
pptrerfiil. Btet,a> windlflis^ aod Q(ipHtBii is fitted fo^rward, and aft 
Ibare is a tmnll warpini; capstan by iSiamn. M. Paul A Co. The 
speed attained on th« trial on maattired mile was 17 knots aa a 
mean of tivo runa. The raBichiiiery, which has been aupplted 
b; MeSBrs. Denny jc Co . is of the trlple.ei panRion Ijpe, the 
cylimderB being ^3 tn.„ 53^ in. and !S6 In. diametier, with ptatotJ 
stroke of i ft. fi in. Stjcam ia supplied by IwocyliDdricaldouble- 
Qiided ti;.bQlar Wilerp, about 15- ft. diaiaeter, and having twelve 
farnaces. Ilawd6n'e.Byatem of farced drao^t ts employed, and 
the aleam preaaura is 170 Iba. In addilioo totbeahova there is 
a lar^fl ciotikey boiler about 10 ft. 6 in. diameter, conatractad 
for ibe aame working preaaare, and which can, ii necessary, be 
used in conjaociion with tha maia boilera. 

Annette. — On Apt-il 5th this steam yacht, 'jdIII for Uana, 
Cbarlea Canapl?, of Maisedles. by Heasrs David J. Dunlop & 
Co , eneineere aDdsbipbailJera. liioh Worlie, I'ort-GIasgow ran 
faer official iipeed Iriuls over the nieaanred miie at Skelmorlie, 
the baildertt haviog the machinery and boiler Utted on board 
and the veaael n^ady tor Bteaming trkals in tha abort space 
ot three dava. Tbe moft aatiefaal>orj resiilte were obtainod. 

A meao «paAd of ncnrly 11 knota per bdUt- n'nB gtc&dily mftift- 

tainsd lor tw« bocra' ranniii^. On oompletioa of the Crisis the 
.,<Tiii«lfe was ateamed into the Jainea Watt Uoclc, Orwnock, to 
oomplete hac otil&t and ooaling, preparatory to leaving for 

MaraeiUeH. 

Haivlna.^Oti April 6th the Lcnudoa and EdinbtiTKh Shipping 
Co.'s etesiD«r AJdlt'iiia ran down the Fifth of Forth to 
tbe Baes Rock, for the purpose ot trying a new propeller of 
maDgBiieae bronze. deslKned by Hr. B. Young, tha 4,onipany's 
anperlnlendent. The triai waa vary aatiafaclory , the veawl on 
the joarney ddva and up the Firth averagine. t speed of idjf 
knots. 

Lady Kobepti.— On Tbareday. April »ith,tbeB.B. tnJi/ Robgrii 
btiilt by tbe Ailsa Shipbuilding Co. Troon, tor tbe fSritiah and 
Irish Steam Packet Co.. Limited. Dublin, tor their paaaengsr 
and car^o t,ia.de between T^ublin and London^ ran her official 
trial on the (nraeared mile at Bkeltiiorlie, The reaalt was very 
aatiafuotury, b«iDga me-an gf 14'G knota per haar. The eoginea 
^Mrd fitted by Meeafs, Don*nioi( A Jacfcsoa. The companj^ on 
board inclnded Mr, O'Coiknar, director, •' d Mr. E^an, aecre> 
t&ry of tbe Briti.ah and Iriah Steam Packet i'o.. the Harqnia 
of Ailaa and other partners of the bulldera' &nn, and Mr. 
Dtinamuir. 

Athafltl — On April 8th, the s.a. Jilmti. a due steel 
■erew ateamer, built to thu order of Mcaara. Rider, 
Dempster £ Co , ol Liverpool, by Meaera. C. 8. 
Swan t Hnoier. Limited. Wallsend. weut oat an 
trial trip, and. after Sievieral runs on tbe mc^asored mile a speed 
ot over tl knotK was obtained, which was cnnsidered very 
satiafactory. The owners were represented by Mr. Ward, 
Captain E:va,Di', and Mf. Leea, the latter two gentlemon hsviiig 
»a.par intended the can et ruction of the ahip and anginsa. The 
principal dimeiASiona i>[ tbe ateamer are— :H0 ft, by 45 ft, 3 in, 
oy 2^ ft. 'J in. montd^ depth. Two decks laid, full poop, long 
brid£e-hauBD amidehips. and full topgallant fnrecaritle. 
Acoomm>odatioa for oapta in, officer a and engineers on top of the 
bridge desk, oelli^lar dvuble bottom, ei.i ateam winahes. and all 
biodern applianoea for the r^pid diwh^rge of cargoi. The 
engines are by ihe ^dortb-EsBtern Maribe Engin^ftbg Co., 
of Waileend, havmij uylindera 21 in,. 40 in.. 61 in. bj ii in, 
Btiobe, two large bailees, woikiog presaore 17U lbs. Tbe veasel is 
classed 100 A1 at Lloyd'a, and bnilt nndet special aanrey. 



ftdmirftl Ihlen.— On Monday, April l'2lh, the a.s. .Ufmlriil 
Hkii, bitiltby Mesara. Craig. Taylor 4 Co., Thornaby-OD-Teea, for 
Meaars. Uail & Holbj, of Chriatiania, waa taken to aea (or fa«r 
trial trip, which proved very B»i(i^(in;tory. The dimenaipo^ of 
the veaael a.re -230 ft. by 41 ft. by IH ft.V In., 'and she will oafFjr 
3,100 totiB on a light draught of water. The engines, by Hit 
Christopher I-'urneaa, Wastgarth & Co., Limited, Middles^ 
bro', ara 30 in., 'i2i in. and 53 in. by 'idia. atroke, with two 
boilers working at 160 Iba. pressure. Tbeae worked withoat 
the aLighteal hitch and a apeed ot abont tl^ knots waa obtained. 
The vessel has been, built to Lloyd's higheet olass, slaO to Det 
Noreke Veritas. After adjasting compaasea lite veSBfit at OliM 
proceeded to tbe Tyne to load, under the uommand itf Captain 
Carl Andersen. 

Leon PaallboG. — The new Bteam jaoht, Leint Ptatilhae, 3(17 
tona y.U.. built, by Bamoifa & Fecgiiaou, Limited, to the order 
of Men*-- Q. t'luiiliao, Toulouse, from thederJijnis 'it Mr, St. Cl&jn- 
J Byrne, Liverpool, hue just MTDpk>teJ her ttteam triaJK, tbe 
very HaLiafaclwy speed of 13J knots on the eneaeured mile being 
obtaioed. During the trials the machiiier3' wotkod without a 
hitch, and the xpeed obtained waa in excess of tlist guaranteed. 
The yaoht in expected to leave on her firat i:cai»e in a few day*, 
with tbe owner ajtd party UQ board, their port of deatiDatioo 
being Bordeaux, 

flopata '—The xte^l e-ciew cargo steaioer, Stirala. sister ahip to 
the Ci'r,:orailo. hati juBt been cornpleted by C, S. Swan ft Bnnter, 
Limited, (ot the Paoifi.o- Steiiiu Navigation Co. She passed 
through her officiiJ triuls at wai on April Htb in a biglilv aatin- 
{B;ct«ry iDa,Diier, t>otli n^ regards the «hip and ecigit^itiH The 
weather was eomowbat boiHtomita and the wind hirh. yet she 
attained a mean apeed on the "Whitley measured mile at IS'54 
knot« when loaded to two-thirda of her deadweight cargo power. 
and on a long aeai run of A>me tour fauiun' durataon ahe averaged 
12-9 lknot#. Th« raginee w^irked perfectly, and a full coiuioand 

of Tt^Jfitl wue niuntriiued without any diAigulfcy. The vess^ ih 
405 ft. Over all by 17 ft. a in. ibeam, by 39 ft. 9 in. depth, 
moulded, and has be«n apecially deaigned to trade between Liver- 
p(K)l and tbe varioua porta of the company's Pocifio route. The 
prapellia^ maoliinery has been supplied by tlia Wallaend lilipwny 
and I'ln^rineeiing Co . Limited, to a bigh-clsHB apeviliiuition 
fiiruwiied by the owuers, Tlie oylind*'" ivre 2-1 in,. i'> in , and 
i>li in. diam. by ol iti. stroke. tli« working preF<sufo lH>Liig I'.^il Iba. 
per square inch. The propeller in. by the Manguneae Bronze Co. 
Tbe Paeiiio tjteem Navi^tion Co. wa« reprexented by Captain 
Cunlan. marine HuperinteiidenC. and Ur. Tbdmson. engineering 
Huperintendeut, ihe nliipbuildent by Mr. C. S. Swan and Mr. £. 
W. Da Buaett, and the on^-ine fauildeni hy Mr, WalliBr 

Rucby. — Lately tbe Rifjhif, a large uteel acrow .ateamer wtunfa 
was recently launched from ibe ahipbuilding yard of Mewira. John 
Frieatinnn & Co., Sunderland, left the Wear for her trial far p 
Thia veMel bna been bnilt for Mesen>. Galbraith,, Pembroke 3t Co. 
oi Ixindon, and ia the third vewel aupplied to the Aarae ownei: 
within two years. Her dimenmona are: — ii3(> ft. long, 47 ft. 
broad,, and '28 ft. 10 in. moulded depth. She in designed to 
farry a large oargo <<□ lig'hl draiigbc. liaa a full pCH:>p, long bridge 
and topgallant forecaeile, and is divided into watertight compart, 
menis by live ateel bulkheads. A double bottom for watigr 
ballast in £lte(t in each hold, tbe after peak being uaad for thai 
same purpoae, the total wjiler ballast capacity being BaO tons. 
The isaloim. ifJijelliBr with the acoomraodatLon for oaplaiu, dm. 
ia tUMtclidly titled np in a large deckbaaae on the bridge, otfli^era" 
and engiiieera' berths beiu); nrrangad in houaea at dides of engine 
ca^injf, and the crewunderthutopgaUantforeoBsLle. TbeuDj^efl, 
wfciok are of the tripleeipuuHon type, have been supplied by 
HeBBm. Blair & Co., of Stocktun.oD-TeeB, and have i^.yhndera 
'24 in.. 40 in. and t>t) in., with a fttroke ut 45 in.. Tbe b<iilera 
ape two in number, workiug at a prensuro of 160 lbs. per njuare 
inob. When tbe reaiiel wua luu over Uie iticaaiircd mili.- she 
iLttuiiicd a i^peed of 11 knots, which wiis (keiiiitd highly aatiafao- 
Ivry, especially aa a heavy «ea was cnnning at tha time, 

Oaika. — On. April 15th the new twin s«rcw Bt«ameT, Gaika, 
the seventh vessel built by MeMfa. Harland & Wolff for the 
Union Sleanulilp Co., left ber mooringa and proceeded down Ihe 
Belfaet Loug-h Un trial trip and adjuatment of oompaaaea. Tha 
kiigib of the Caiil0 ia 4^0 ft breadth, hi ft, : end depth, S8 (t. 
She in over t'l.OOO tona register, aivd prppellod by twin Mirews, 
driven by ttro sets of l)'iple..e:i:paii«i(ifi eagiuea constructed by the 
builder*. Thin Bteainer is the weeond of t,hF> three new Hteataew,, 
Messrs. Uarland tC Wolf! have had in hand for tbe Union Cu. of 
a sotneivhat similar type lo the well known " G's " also built by 



I 



I 
I 



I 



i 



May 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



77 



IliMD, and itti!Bdir minnicitf <>ti the ttnme Hprvica, but of consider- 
B.\t\y Liuger dlinenniciiiti, nnd witli uniuiuallf (yituplete acuonuD»dB- 
tioD ftii&let, t-e«Diul, uui third altux pawtedgsm . the ealtjon i« 
hand^umelj dept-r«t*^ ia o*k and teal;, the Utliew' Tfigm in dark 
mobognny nfitli mArquuirle paTtda, wttitis-^tod. anil other w^xid, 
t]ia aiivltc-riHjni in. oak, second BAliiKm in tnah»/Nii,v and pftlin- 
wpod, ftnd Ibu litirary ix handHoniiplv fitted up with bauktu'e aud 
irrituig-d'eiili. and RiirniciUTilci:! Iiy im «litbO'Tat<^'il'omG witti lichlr 
dewnlFil piBAi. ComplieGe iiintalUtiona or elfotrio ligrlit and 
nfri.^THtinj; »ppan<tui>, wit!i 'Cdd chumWr* fur tbe Daiiv^yance 
tft fruit, at« pruridecl, ]u udditigti to n))»<lier eU'dtn^r. a dtipli- 
Ute of the Otika. MivsurH. HarUnd & Woltf hava at pTosenI in 
luuid K muuh laT^DTuhipforthe Uliou StoiinuJiip C'o.tobennmed 
the Rriti'it, nnd wLli^h when Liimp'Ietfd will betbe l&rgeit steamer 
in tlie Baul.li AJricaii triide. 'Tbo Gatki ie ounuuBiiided bj Caplnuii 
Bernard Co pp. 
Belvidere — Od April 17ili the eorew Bte»m«r, BtU'ifC<rr,r^- 

Oeiilly ciiii.plt^lfd by U(jv<»r«. WorklltUI, d-^'k A Vt> . I.itnil^, 'A 

BelfiLit, Ai>d turned by MeeeiM. R & C. Allan, of OUsgov, ran 
her olIidiBJ trip on tfaa Cly-d-e. Whao tba CnnibrHe lijiht wu 
macbad Ihu HelritUrr waa ruji full upci'd to- the Cloah ligrbt, s 
diatMive of about 19^ kuot^. acid aftrrwjirilx tbu iutiaanr«l noilo at 
GkelmuTlie was run a luuuber (if timi^n, tbo niEttn perfarmance 
iviiurdMl bian(r ],5J knotp, thie beiujir three -qunrters ui s knot in 
«ii«HHuf thC' H|>eeCl ^'UHranUfd bv tbe buildcni. Diirin j; thft dnj'e 
ronninp the engineH wert never slowed, and the fill ire trial trip 
prnved a ooniplete «uoce»w. The dimensions of the new sreaiuer 
aw : — LCTiph. 365 It. ; breadlh, M f(. ; depth moulded. St ft. i 
and she hw been couNtrucud both in hull end tuac-hini^rj to 
bil^b^i' <^)rtn» of xhe Britis^h Carpumtiun Br^ciKtrj. The rwael 
Bft*Twnrd[( pr» I'eetled on ^ vovag:?- 1*" tb** WtBt ludl^a 

CIrh HacdoDaJd.'-Uu April 20Lb tlie new ete-am^, Ulan 
Mucdtiiiiil'K t>uilt by Mciwrji. Wm. ti'iiford A Bnim. Limited, tor 
th*- Cluii Liuf Sirumerr, IiimilBdi of Glori^ciw (Ueihiro, Cayiter, 
Irvine Jc Cu,), Icti ilm Wenr fur ber nlfiiiol uial, wfakh wiin 
■Ui:Oe<fclull; (.'XiTieil out on tho meBHUrud inilv, tbe -vunrel iliuwiu^ 
> 'peed ol over 13 hnota. Rh-e iifterTTurdH Hailed Hirect fur 
Qlaapiw. The ewuerH were repreaeiitcd by ibe Huparintoiiidini; 
^ enirineer, Mr. John Lyall, nf Glawguw. and ibd vessel wm in 



Cl^orre0f>|>n^ence. 



[Jl muti b§ uiidtritocd that, in firtn; intirUm to eemnrwiealioui 
Wx^rr fAit iitading, tit do not in any way pledgt ouTiiivn 10 Ihr 
Opiniimi preferred iJurtin, FT* mill uilb pkaturt intert an 
Istiert likely to btfi/Sl eur rtndn-i, either /ram (Arir imSrimtic 
VohM tr IN MfijT t«Wvla!td (B priimot< fth diteuition a* %e\tl 
«Hct' /fl*'' rn/finftii from tKtir hting 'Aa rtiuil tf pnt4iital 
eiprriitet — En. M. £.] 



I 



THE STABILITY OP VESSELS. 

To Uit Editor of The I1i.bi>'I EnorNKEK. 

BiH, — Whil« having read with considerable intereit what 
ftppear* in j/onr va.tnBb]e paper on tba qc'eetion of tbn stabilitj ot 
Terseli bdiI Ibe DFceaeity of eieoulive olfioerB being Iai](;bt the 
elBiDentaT7 priuciplee undorlyiog the queelion, ia ChiB not, after 
all, k Tery simple ecudy, and ona which oriTiosrna the ahipbuildsr 
And muine BDpeTJut«nd>eii( m macbBfl ibe person nbo tavj be 
<mlf t^oiporarii; placed in ubnrife ? A ship la built fur h p«r- 
tic^liu^ trad$ ^ivon by tiie buj^TB, ncd tbu d^iails bein|^ flettltd 
bj their iGpreftlitatiTe, tbe pl&bB arb pr^aumably (■rerlc>Dlc»d bj 

hhtt. If now Htij raietalte creeps i& tkith thb ofigiual cunatruc- 
tioB the owners, in eonjanction with the bnildars, take a joint 
rMpontibilit^ in tbe niBlt«r. To Ka; that tfab OFdioary eBpta,iD 
ram, with bis other mnLtifariouB (Juties, be eip«uted t} y,a into 
raionte qDatione of Btabilit; is beaide tbe cuMk. It ia not that 
ha conld nut iindentond the ^ubjeut, ubout wbioh there ido«a 
not aaem tt> be any p&tlicnlar dudicnltj — aa is made vut in vome 
^Osrt«ia— but rather that be "t overburd^^eed as a rule with work 
mXr^u^y- To whAit extent any ftiinple, ,^r»phie&l tuetbod of illiia- 
tnlini; [under snglee of ahipa' heel would be aitefnl. it ii im- 
poaaible to eay. becauae it is dcmbtfal if all tbe condiiBons oould i 
bM represented b^ any rough-and-ready tnetbod, however good, ' 
•NCb SB joa name. Does it not appear that eDd«aTours ihcnlcl 
nlbar bemado^bj ballaaUng, tutd preoantiooa aa regards vKlre ' 



opeuingB, 90 tbnt acc^idents woald be nearly ot i|nite prevented '( 
Generally ape&kicg. these now uiee fTom a few leading cnuaes, 
ifae nioHt important at wbiob, perhapa, ie. like (bat -which 
huppeited to tbe Orolavs, due ta a heel over in baaiti or harbo'ir 
a-t the teqder angle, &Dd ibe eimultaneoas ffttal opening >a ahip'a 
aide. Thq openiiut;, however, ia a part ot the Bhip'ti uonaLrncition, 

htad if thii ooutd not bave been a'voidad ori^Ibally, it would «aem 
to be only a qneation of general managemeat an the part ot 
whoever waa baDdling tbe vuHsel at the time of bar Enroing over. 
Such daty wotild imply that li^hc oat of tbe water and not OQ 
an even keel, all valves ahoiild be c)o«ed. VeryHttle or no 
science ia raqniied bore. The abip atands blgb up, ballaet is nvt 
brought into reqiaieilio-u. and when the list t&ke-a place itatef 
rnahee in, and Ibe veeael d^ti pnt r<.ght hoTBelf again, Barely it 

cannoi be aarioualy eaat«Iid*d tVat iiia.tliemati<;a will help maltAra 
macb wbers tbaae simple pi^neiplea only are in-volvad ? Yet 
that ayipeara to be the eontentioii at the diMMiaaion. held at the 
Bhipmaatera' Society. It is (generally kcown if a voaael ia t«iider 
■cia tba reiDLt n anally of too narrow a beatn, and bringing, as 
jaa Hay. the line of tihe centre of bnoyano; inside that of the 
oentrei of gravity instead of aateide, with tho weight all one way i 
bnt bowerer mlitaken SDcb designs are, tbere nay be reaaona for 
BO epBDially buildinK' 'essele aometimes, and in those oaaea per- 
Mna in ohar^ aboold be roqaired t^ lake preuaiitioos aoCord- 
■ngly. Perhapa the fact tbat the Qrntiiva waa atongaide a wharf, 
and in apparent eafetj'. brooght with it a certain amoant of 
oarBleaaness, aboiviDg tbe weaJmesa of the hnmaD equatioD at all 
timee. Under stmilar ciroamatancea, it is nia«b to be feared 
tbere will be the eame liability to ooonrrenoes of tbe kiiiid again ; 
and. kno-wing this to be wo, \t behovea owners and designera Co 
guard ag&inet dlaaiter ot the kind by so proportLODlog tbe beam 
to tbe depth of vessel" that they will not oapstse so eaeily wbe^ 
nnloading or (oktng in carg-p^, It will certaiely, tbero-lbre, afford 
Home evidence of the poiifi>Ka of sbipmaBtera gpfiemllj fior eoin* 
probundintr thin intricate ■nijMit if, iti tximici^ to a concituaioo at 
their meeiinga, tbep are able to place tbe burden of aacfa untoward 
miehaps tightly to tbe proper shonlders. Ae the matter Htacifs 
at present, there appeara to be ao many ditfereot faotors all 
shBiicE the reepoD Sibil ity, th&t any tangible reentt would <.'«[- 
lainly be welcome to the general body of shipowners aDii 
bnild'era. 

Toart. &c 

WATCHTtn: 
London. April 20tbj IB97. 



Prop<etler WhteU. 

Wnn* At, A. Welb Coae, of Higbl&nd PhW, Conneotiea' , 
U.S.A., wo have nh^ivad a pamphlet co bia patent oatnard 
tbmet propeller wheela. The theory npon wbiob Mr. Case baa 
worked baa been th& getting a concen tret ion of water bahind the 
propeller so as t<i give it a Hiore iiolid mediam ag^inet which to 
work. Tbe rei-ult aimed at waa Crat attempted to be actiiined by 
Ibe Dse of a blade of pecati&r ehape which t«Dded tonatdi tba 
rear. Bet eiperiTaeDt showed that this theory, like moat 
propeller tbe-aries, did not work oat properly xa praa:ic«, ivud 
Bftar 9, Beriea of interesting eiperitneftle,. which are hero 
(tettLiled, the inTanl«r foQnd that hiaobjMt wns ta be r«eobed by 
atriving to give bia bladee ao 4>uttr6rd thraet. The volnme 
contains a number of teetimooials from aoientific nen and yacbt- 
ownrra who have hnd eiperiance in the use of propellers 
designed by Mr. Caso, and it willbeaeen that they are unaDimoas 
■n oonaiderinB' thiSt his Lnvention haji done mnoh toward!, giving 
OB a more efficient propeller; that is, id other norde. towards 
giving na greater efficiency in our eteamehips, and towardia 
economy of ooal And diminijbed expeneea of frorkiag on tbe one 
band, and tflw&rds greater ipeed for a given R.P. an ibe«ther. 
Tbe importaoce u( the aahjeob ia aueb tliat to practic^al mtb 
oochiog farther ueeil be uiid. Snon men will deaire to tnveatigate 
the matter for themselves. 



ThtSaoall'oi-kei-llwk. By W. Laird Clowss. London: Narills 

Beeman. Liuitud. 18'97. 

TiiK aecoDd. issue of Mr. Laird Olowea'e pocket-book ia our- 

reotodduwn lo Deoamtier, ISDS. But the addenda itl*e informa' 

liOD to a date lata in l>bat month. Tbe idea of tlie firat issue 



78 



THE MARINE EKGINKEK. 



[May 1, 1897. 



liaa bnau foHowa J oui. Bad mftDjr errgrs inci^eDtttl to b bsw work 
IkTB heeu eliminated uid Bevernl uasful ndditions mbde. Tbe 
niQOiiDt oi inroniiBtiOD a^'W sfTordad id tLJfl «cna.ll book il redly 

tDOit ramukable. Tho liata oF wnrthipa of tbe world sre giren 
«rllh B oomplctensHB not elsewbere offocded. Fur not onl; are 
tbe bifr and Dsw abipB snamerated, bnt nbthinn is too unall or 
too olr) to be naglecwd. Tboa we toA here tbe namei of the 
Wat Departmeiit 'b iteamera. nnd af tbe old hnlka nbioh, tboagb 
pructU'Bllj dead for ootiie «er»ice, etill do harboar duly m 
liATinokfl. charcbes, jotties, BLaro-iUipfl, ooat-buIkH, drill-Bhips &tid 
traioiog Teeaale. The det«ilfi too of llni) otiief ebipt iLr« TM-f 
fqilj 9ipr«Bt4d. Si^ine oF Lhem br« illnBtiated bj di&gilktnB. 
EDoh VsBBel hu ■ iiiliiaBiSQbtio& 1etl«i' >>n & syaWm of the nathor's 
own, *nd thd» he showi the Keps by which lis arrivea at his 
Ublaa of tb« oompuntira etreogCha ar lh« vKrioiifl maritime 
Power*. IfKny reader dit like* the ckMifltwtion of rd; partionUr 
ship — owing to the fact tbat be ba» either a higher or a lower 
oillniatiDii than oar author ot ber powera^hQ can correot tbe 
tahlea for biB own boiieBt in the way that he coueidera right. 
T»b!fli of comparatlTe alrEQgthB ot the vtiipt nsTies in perH^miel 
ai« given. Toere are li«t4 of the doclcg of tb6 wut-ld, iuformation 
as la gnus B-nd torpedoed whiob is of coitHidarable iuteiVBt. whiUt 
at th>e end of the brok aoioe naefal ieblBB of waigbta and 
meaanre-a are given. Tho awukcned iBlervat in tbe Navy niakei 
aooli ■ book wortb prodaoinig, Tor the demand for auob v'llotnHB 
is now rery large outbid** service oiroloB, and tbe {»c% that anch 
informBtion i» now plaf«d within the ceaob of all wbg take thfl 
trouble to Boqurie it, is a great gDaraotee that tbe intelligeii't 
inierttNt in tliinga naral now aroaaed will Dot be Ukf'lj to ThH 
away io cbe futuiro. 

Sniriivttring, JrUhmftie anrf Utnt«raliofi ajiplud U the Firtt 

Prinnipltt dj U'r^l'iHiieaJ Scitrife. By Churlea H, Hcnib&ll 

Pabliafaed A.f>d aold bj ihe Anihor, at 161, ]-'ountaia'« Boad, 

LiwrpoOl. 1896. Price 2b. Qd., poet free. 

TniB IB a teit-book deaign^d for tbe mc of joung eDgineen 

and meahanics attending ptepurator? cloaasff. The author is 

froTn hia poBiLjon in ac ecgiiioerinK bnainea* at Lirerpool, and ub 

a Lenoher to working BQKiiierrs and srliaona in Eho aoientific 

abd technological claoaM, well able io deal with the subject on 

whitb he writes. He divides bia book iato tbr^e pei^'^r tte <ir«i 

dealing with the Cjueatioa of BtltbiDcllO, tbe seoOnd with 
mcTiauratiDD, and tbe last with phjticBl sCiebOe, Tbe i^len aud 
eiplBDatLonB are ver7cLoa.r]7 ftiven, and the wholo Toluine it fulil 
oF Qsainpleii imd oK^iviBeB of a kind whii^^ tbe author ridbI have 
BDcinuntered, both io his daily work and in hisoapacitjr ae t«[icher. 
Tbe foTni of the ezamplsB and eiemaes st«rni to ue to lend thpin 
additiaua) value, for tbej ainj in tLemielrea supply infonnetioD 
to the student, wbilat the tad that they are au iDlioiatalj oou- 
aeoted with the learaer'H daiij work and iat'ereetB tenda to 
Bvakvu and lc?ep aUve hi« craiipsitj and inlElligeiioB. We maj 
add thnt anrwari to all tha eieraiac'a at« Io be rotmil in an 
ep|)&udiT, Th« Explanation of the mec'hatiicBl and ph;Bit»l 
quFtcitins are all very clear, and should be intoUiiiible to all 
aiud»nli>, even when workiDK' aliioe. The volome will cerEaJnlj 
prove moat Qseful to those who are endeavuDrinK Io pn>part> 
tbenisFlrefl ri>r eiaminationB, and to ai3*nijcs theoLaelvoa in iha 
enginpFring and kindred Wadea, Tbuegh the book ia pniall it 
coiitBijiB 8 vaat amount of inforniBtiuD, tLanlra both Io ttt- oou- 
ciaenesa of the anthor'a atyle, to wHivb we bare -already aHcded, 
■iid alio to tbe thiDoesa of the pa|>?r f>ti which it ia printtd. 



TlttlnlematiotmlAnnualofAiithoMi/f I'liulosraphv JJaUctin and 

American J^oiei* Year Bo"kjor 1&1>7. New fork : E. and 11. 

T.. Anthony; London : Peroy Lund A Co., I81IT. 

Tsid ie the niuth iuu« ot thta ver^ popular end nae-fu] snnnaJ. 

It a.brpaaees iiRelf this year in the Li-aut^ of it* reprodDotiona, 

and in the arliatlo choio>e of it-i aubJeclB for dlattration. The 

letterpress ja wellGtted for tbe companionahip in wbii^b it find* 

it">>ir, ThHTB are namerona artiolea on points which pieaent 

diffiontty in pbotogrAphio pracLice. Qere wsfs out of the 

trouble are suirgiiatod. There are other articles recommeiidiiig 

cert&in inveutioaa and m-othods wbiob may be ieli«d oTt to *are 

laboDF, ucd t<> attnia irnproved reeillts. With theatt there ara ^l^o 

■ujc.R'eBti'DtiB as to h^w-goud pictnte* ua J be obtained fi'om fauUy 
nefiatives or bad plates. And, perhapa most iDt«reBting to tbe 
Kfr' CT&l reader, there are ang^Hijans as to photograph io biura 
In this lo*«ly old country where we Hte oonleoc to work, bat 
whiDh we always seem to wiah to leave at holiday time, regard- 
l«BB of the laot that It ii paclm] with beaaty and teeming with 



BjeDoiatioB. Now that everptiBe met a cycle, aid most pMpla 
are a m at eui* photograph en of a more or less serious kind, tlio 
photograpbiog tuar ought to become more and more popular. 
There ia no rsasun now why a large mea ahoold not be ioclnded 
in a brief holiday, and th« cycle lands itMlf with ease Co the 
carriage ot photogiuphic impedimenta. BpU the- t^leaanre of 
seeing whet iaof beauty aiad of intoreat ajaeiat* in tin oarryins 
away of Bome memoriHl of whstObe h&ASeeEt. Now there ahottid 
be no diHit'Dlty in poBseBHiDg perfect an>d eoduriDg reprodao. 
tioDB. W'e can heartily recomiDeDd this volume. 



Natiigalitm. Praclieal arid Tliearelieal. By D. Wilaon Barber 
and WilliBm Allingnam. London: Cbas. Grjffln. A Co. 

TeiiB in one of the useful Nantioal ecrifn. The ohoioe of snub 
an eipeiienoed aailar aa Capiain WilBou Barker for the work of 
writiug this, one of the looat i'ltportant volumeacf the aerii^r, 
wes T^ry h^ppy. For Cftptsin Bather, as mmt of our readcra 
know, it> not Only a practical sailor, hut he ia also wekl 
BC(|aainted with the beat inetbodB of imparting inatrnotion. and 
he is therefbre woll qualified t^ir Ihe task he baa nndertakeh. 
His book tberafore steers clear uf the too common error of thai^ 
who are not in the habit orteaohing. There is no working over 
theraader'a heada. There i» no obance for the student lo any 
thai be cannot use the work without aesiatance, bocaase iioiaca 
are left anesplained. Tbe otady is coDuenced at (he very 
beginning. Aoopions chapter of defiaitigns ia pin.cce'eded by oue 
which teaohee tlie nae of the i&8traTu«Dt« of aarigatioii. Then 
comes one en the oorreetioTi of ooureeB, for it ia uaiiUsa lo disoon* 
the methoda of ptane, traverae or circle aailing till lli« studeiit 
haa Been how to mako good the oouree he ia set. The seventh 
chapter deals fnlly and oonoiael; with all that is incladed tii 
that ooropreheDgivseiipreasion, " A day's work." This chapter 
il amplilied with illoatralioos and examples. The Work ofdis- 
covoring the position by bearioga bos its 'Chapter, and the 
Mercator chart and its application pcd urc are alao gone inlo. 
A tintitber of eiamiD&tion papers enable Uie student to t«st bis 
progre-BB, and to tied one hoir he will be likely to oome o^t ot 
bis coQlest with the examiners. The little volutne ie a mode) 
orconcieenesB, and in very likely to prove uaefel to ^oung deck 
oBlcera. 

F^ci't Bsjiort Index, Edited by W.J. Davu. New Tork. 1897. 
TiiiB voliinie is one of tbe direet producta of the AmericaD'a 
desire to oome Btraigbt t" the point in. business, and to try and 
do as nuoh as a couple o<f old-world oommen^iat dif-u. in mi vqaal 
tine, and lo do It aa tfaoronft-hly as they Mnld. The only way in 
whioh 'SDob a resolt can be attained by anyone ia by having 
the in.D*l perfect eyiien) and s-pphances posaihte. Tbas we fiitd 
that AimbHchi) deaka and flits, and sucliliko office reqaiaitM,', 
are always nioat convenient and time-saving to British l>iiainsM.J 
men. Fccb'a " Export index'' ia an attempt to give the aams 
tncitjUee fcr eavicg ttme io refrrencp-, which ulhera have alroady 
(jiveii in inor* p«:i!)iarly wtcliauieal luntterB, to thoeeot aa who 
livb i^n this lide of the AtUntiu. Brielly this ih b. bnge ratslogD» 
of the mnmifacturerHasd eiportera of Amtnoau gooda, wilb termt 
and iHnatrationa. Thia Hat oompriBea ivearly everything th.ut can 
ha tnadie. Ainon^t them we- notice, of couraa, luch Atnericaa 
specialjtiea aa bicyclcH aud their applianctg ; fo-Diture, with 
especial reference to lbe reqoireniHolB of tbe madical nian and 
the dentist, =nd the thousand-aud-one little iugenuiiiea forwbiobi 
A>nerioa4« are famoaa- But this is ijot trerrly a oataiogue with 
an index. It ia part of a eyalem wliorelty nu^DLie wlia uses it is 
eoabled to fiad ^vecol tnakei-a of any requirement and to mHke 
a Heleetion. He can then oomnnnicate with the firm be bna 
ohoaeti. telling them of hia re quire men IB, and of the fsot that ) e 
haa eent an order lo them throngh hie ngt-itt in the Statue. Thae 
(he poeeibility of unj error bvIiLic made by tbe forwarding hoaaa 
ii>«hTisled. n certain amount of time ia saced, and Ihe buyer ia 
put io tbe way ol getting catalogues of thEx claiiB of goods be 
[equire* direct lor the- future. Thie book will certainly provi' % 
givnt ooDCenienoe (o Iboas who are engaged iu tlu imipo'rt of 
Americao rnaanfaottirera. 



Tramaetioni of the B»tl ami DUlrict httilutifm />f Unffinren and 

Haval Jnbiteclt. Edited by the Hon. Secretary Wr G H 

Btrong- Toh X. 189B. ' ' *" 

In onr review of the ninth volnineot tbeae Tranasolii nn i 

nfened tg the paper entitled Notea on Halt Sieam 8hippii,|p, 



k 



May 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



79 



Mr. F. Q. Fevson, the Fraaidenb of Ui« InatitDtian. la tbat 
Tolame be trscfrd tie hiatDrf from tbe boBrinoiag of eteain 
nATigaticin down to the jenr 1840. la the present rolomQ b« 

I WWf tb» d^velopmect ci the following <lMad«. Tbere i» a vk«t 
■mount of laW^fltinF^ (ftct anil (DLlcriiil hareoollMted with mnch 
Ubour. The notei thennaelTes u«, u IheLr iwtQre csaara then 
to be, ictnairhBt discuniTe, bat the t«b]ea which are appended 
giT« Cba iDfomiaiiDn in > very complete form- Tbie paper, with 
its prmleoesBor. will be a most Talnafala mine to tba fataie 

^hiitorian ti[ Btesm navigatifiD. 

Ur, Alfr«il U Gibbin^e hu an istero^tiog paper on tbe 

' pnbj^Ct pf et^^ricit^ en boar^i flhjp^ and iti applioalloa to i^9 

driving of aoiill^ry ma^biuery. Ho dwolla oti the f&ot th&t the 
bad work Bant Afioat bj earty contractori did mn-flb ta diaoi-adit 
its introd action, and ti> retard iui ^ner^ adoptioD. He polnls 
out the advautag^a wliiob eleatrioall^ driren plant has orer tboae 
which are worked diisotlj bj^ sUtam. ThesG, he coniiderB. to 
oompriae (i^atecoontrol in atoppiog. ntartjott and ro*emug. tba 
•tMBDoe of leAky oooka, j'obts aiid stufflDK-boaes, rodncnl doJm 
— wbiob im a gr^at oouaLdention in pa«aeiiger abip« — aod a 
ttiviag ii) fuel and in apaw). The'O be point* trat tbe eaperior 
TdOOBatD^ndatiobS Ahlfrh. cableiA Oajo^ oTar steam pipoH, It wae, 
fcowere-r, Bt&tad Hubsequsiitly in the diiouuion an the paper tbAt, 
■t present, at lea«t, tha ooat of eleatrioalty -driven maiohiDerj' ia 
very mnob againHC it. It waa i1ao eliciil«d that whara there are 
maiij aaiitiaryicaohineg andete«trio light a« w«U — ae wonld be 
the csHG in most veseelB where the prin.oipla was adopted — ^bhe 
groftteat ««ciionL7 ia frarking is eSaated bj genotalva]; ihe pawar 
tram ■eT«ral email eugiaee and djaamos rather thnii froiu one 
larg« op9. Ngt oulf ia eponcimy iq. wo-Tking thna □btaiii'ed, bat 
the cbim-c^e of a complete breakdown are rendered mora remiote. 
On anbjecta a little oataide tbo actual new of the BO«iet]^ ware 
p»pera on the Blenalling apptianoes on the Hal! and Barnaley 
lUilway. by Mr, R. Pawlsy, andootbe tnBtmmealu and Method* 
of NarigatiOD, bj Mr. A. M. Somerecalss. T be rBi.dinij of papers 
on Bnbjecl« of this kiiid aeem to us to be far from the ieait 
valuable part of the worlcof auob aniiiHtilutiaa, for tbg/ bring 
in frnah ideas nhich may ^MOy aaKl^u^^ hdidd improramenl or 
■dsptatioB Id the work apon wkioh the balk of the memberd uf 
th* Kwiet; araengsged. l.^^Xl^-^^a;- 



isane of tLe direotories yf'M prova u anef nl u, or even, Lhrongli 
the addilioDa we ba>v^ deatioiKiJ, more oaeful thao its pre- 
decessors, and we arfr giad aji.ce moi-e to lecamrDend it to (be 
Dotioe of OUT readsrs- 



P033fi:, 



"-:33H 



Tht Sat mid ElerlrU LUihtlrui Cvrnpaniei' Directory and SlatUtirn. 
lt<i>e. Till W'll'^r'c^mp'imf'' Hircelory and Sl'iUHh't, i89li, 
London ■ Haz.eU, Watson ib Vlney, Limited. \H'3(i, 

Th.t present is the twentieth iasue of tbeae UBetuI puhltoa- 
tions, nhich, a« we remarked ia our Uat j'ear's notioe, cab, he 
obtained either eeparatelj or bonod in one volame. to salt 
paccbaaers' coiiveoienoe, The improvemeal oF lis96 is tbe 
addition qI general indicea of oEBgi^U t« botii tbe lighting and 
w&t«r sectioTia, and this ia & matter ihat will very targejy ^dd 
to the -value at the worh. There D.re al.»a coDaiderable additions 
to lbs oompanie* included in the work, the foreign, and 
««pMial]y the Asnericait and Canadian aeotiona. lielnR readsTed 
Ennch. more cooipleCe than horeLoforc. Tibe section trhioh 
treats of eleutric ligbting companiea seeraa jear by year to be 
iqor^aatfig in bulk- The good people ol Surrey (not Middleaex, 
as the direi.''U>ry give» it), howarsr, appear in a vecy pitoi light 
in this reirard. For ne read under ths headia^ of Wej- 
bridge Electric Supply Co. , Limited, that *' owing to the aotioa 
of llio Urban Diatrict CoancLl in not renewing the contract for 
street linlitinfr, tho worhs werocloiwd ou September 2;ith,13ii5," 
This IS a very Tetro.greeaive move and we Bihoold Hike to have 
fiirther iuJormatioD on the matter. The water oompaniea 
Motion is pre<%ad&d by a very interestia^ sonimary of infor- 
mBiionaflto invention and snpply in regard to wat«r supply 
dttrint; the years lai'fS-W. No invention of imporlanoe in 
counectioD with waterworks Iibk to be recorded, bot there is a 
(toad deal ol interesting iafO'rmation with rega,rd to Bnpply. 
The provincial Unnicipal Curparatiana seem, one and all, im- 
proasMl with their duty to provide (all meaas of proTidioR 
vat4r both Ut the piraaa'at and fotar^ inhabitsjits of their 
districts. They secni to be dain.^ all ihey can ta get uontrol of 
their IimmI wtLlerworks. where they have not alreudy done ao. 
and tn fori^aee the demands nfaiith the (<rowth of population. 
will in the futiirt.' make apun them, With. London it is Qth«i- 
iriaa. Btit wbatbor the Innlt tie in London with tile waier^ 
wQrlcB or with the municipality, ia a very open'i|ueetioii., and ws 
w)U not eiitur upon it h^n, Suffice it to say. that the present 



Gorabaation of 
United StalM.} 



AntU 



Recent appUoationB for Patents oouueoted trith 
Marine EngineeriDg, Shin Conatruction and 
BSecbanical Appliances for aae In SbipB^ from 
February 10th to April 6th. 1897. 

322S A. C. Oaines. Eitinpmiahing fire in Tesssit. 

33H5 A. £. L. Cborlten. Steam suginea. 

3278 G. W. Knowleff. Uanbole ooi-ar. 

aaSI W. Beonltijr. St«am boilers. 

33&S J, E, L, Ugden. Peed-waier heaters. 

335^ J, Hail-wopd. MalMlic-faced pnolcings. 

3388 M. Hueter. Sepsf^ting maturial in ekip*. 

33m J. E. Bottanda. U. Morrison. Ship Bttings. 

3111 B. vr. Taylor. DtiJising exhaust stsam of boiler 

(ur napes. 
SILU B. G. Sbapoott aind H. E, Brown, 

faeL 
3iS3 H. U, Lake (G, B. Porkharat. 
j Fumnces. 

ai&& G. BeeAley. Boiler riimai^«e. 

jl457 J- Btrubefi. Feed-irater hestpra and puriSers. 

S4&6 J. tL. L. Ogdan. Tnb^B for tabiilDos bailers. 

8480 J. CIea*s. Boil&M. 

StS* E. N. O. R. Bopner, jnn. Carao-osrryiiLj vessels. 

J4eG a J Aytin^. Koddara. 

a&Tfl J. C. Mewbnrn (J. 0. TayCor, Gnnd Canarr). 
fouling oompositioaa, 

3&S9 F. Ei»ler. FamBces. 

3(110 W. J. H. Jones. Lnbrioatore. 

aaiS W. * A. R, Crawford. Woikiag watortigfat doors. 

3027 J- Whitele^. Condenaiufr atftam. 

aMS C. Barrel!, Jan., and W. C. Wilson. Steam bo Idr«. 

3563 J. M, Ramsay. Ships' rndden. 

30^ E. T. Carter. lotsmal oombastion esgjnes. 

371fl A. J. Pardy. Trawl nets. 

S7S4 W. Brotbrrs. Steam boiler furnaoe*. 

3728 A, J. BoBlt. (L. Pal»p, Fiaace). Ships, 

3732 G. R. Purdy. -Board,'" fprlrawlnots. 

3734 E. F. W. Agmtt. Cleaning turfHe of ahipa. 

37-11 J. Getter. Oan. 

3753 J.Hannan. Method of driving oapstans. 

3V65 F. E. Bainey. Watar-tuba boilers. 

S7fil F. W. Wheadon. Purifying of feed'water. 

9827 I. ChieiB and 0, Gabellini. Murine const ruotiou. 

3840 0. V7er.dt and E, Sauar. Secarisg ships' boats. 

3974 W, H. Dodde, Trawl nets. 

3979 E. W. aad S, p. Prassr- Boilers. 

a!)93 ¥. W. Webb. PistoD vaUoB. 

4001 H. M. BiokertoT). Lubricators. 

4027 P. A. Mesn and L. Hirsch. Covering ships' bottont, 

4069 L. EelUtab. SMpa' compaBses. 

4072 B. Daicual]. Engines. 

4094 F. BahnemanD, Sailing boat. 

4095 H- HowoU. ValTsa. 
4189 P.J. HadSetd, Valves. 

4187 0, A AlliK»n. {B. P. Edgar. United SlKt^e.) Boilwa. 
4230 Q. C. Uark*. (J. Paimperoy, Fr&ooe.J Boat- 
4340 I. R. Robson. Vertical steam boilsis. 
4332 J. Tbomas. Walur {gauges. 
4371 A, M Lang. Feod-water heater. 
4*U T. Bcoll and C. Salmon. Boiler- tube*. 
WH G C Marks. (Count Engenia Piatti del Pozzo, Fronoe.) 

Submarino Touela, 
447& A, d'Abren. (J. Fetors, Prance.) Valves for steam 

generators. 
*&29 T. Sadron. Trkwling aopardtna. 

4S61 W. P Thompson. (T F Fairlie,— ) Boiler famawii. 
4SSS J.I.Bntiker. Bailer flaes. 
4)^11 P. R. Brsoiliam and A. J., Crippin. Boiler. 
46ti8 N Foley and F Fur>e. Water-tube boilers. 
i74S h. Adoigan. Boiler*. 
47S1 A. B. Leask, Steering tigoals for ahipa. 



80 



THE BIABIKB EN&INEEB. 



fMay 1, 1897. 



4789 
4025 

4647 
6046 

coss 

61S6 
fi218 

&US 

&& 
Hi 

1 8430 

■Waa 
64iO 
6+91 
»60L 
6&04 
GEO& 
6W7 

&52B 

&g4» 

6025 

S6BH 

6673 
M75 
GtiSl 
MB a 






6721 

iTM 
78D 

6879 
GW)8 
6^41 
£913 
601B 
i\U 
6118 
BUS 
«134 

«!»« 

6993 
ifrSSI 



6M2 
Mwa 
f>4i-U 
MIX 
«41tl 
n4C'i 
«4&& 
6476 
6539 

C67fl 
S603 
6«07 
GtiUb 
6624 
Itfi&l 

mm 

469S 



A. Bigg xnd J. F. Waltan. OfllDdep engiBea. 

Q. Kingdon anil &iiii|jaoll. picric t In nd it Co., Liinjrpd. 

G. H^ Jonei, Protecting ahips in warfare. 
W. Peel, Compoaition for liupv' bottonu. 
F.B«rd»l »Ti4 V, Ducoolombiat', PreTCnting' JDCmRtktion 

qT boilers. 

W, M. Tactket, PropalBiotL ti{ aU&Ba i^easelB- 

J. S. RHwoith. TiIto itoam engiiwi. 

J, MoFaHatie. WBt^r-hefttiu^bollera. 

N. de Na«;er \V'atar-tube steam ganerators. 

J. Phillips Ancborg. 

E. Melcber. BobU. 



II. Mnnto. TallBB. 

J. T. Hnddock. LnbncS'tors. 

H. H. Lake. (E. Au^lat, FruDOo.) PropBlIing Bbipa. 

P, Neu. RcttitilVfr pisitOb fornleain ougiuw". 

J. T- BI».nihall. )?|Ked-Tegnlating gorernara, 

G. Da^ftll. Ensinea. 

T. A. Wollar. I>i7 velU for sabm&ripe work. 

Enite]. 8t«aiD boilen. 

R. E Badford. Staam geDBrfttots, 

8. S. IJizoD. Budder ittiut'B- 

W. W. BanamoDC a-nd U. P< Holt. Steam Benera£or«. 

U, W SutliiTBD. SiigDa-lliog bet«Te6ti ships witliOnt 

wirea, 
£, J. ClQbbo, A. W. SoDlhefr^nd the Electrio Motive 

Power Co.. Limited. Internal ooiabaslioii engiiiea. 
T. &. Tuigbton. Labiicatort. 
W. E.(ui. Steering Bhip*. 
E D. PiCzpntriolE. (J. W. MoKtniioD, Unitod :S(iite».) 

Sbipa' dsTJte. 
•T, GrifHn, BalpfMitiB sbipe' boati. 
J, T, Ttencb, VplveB. 

B. H. Thwftit* and H. T. Hoideo. Armoor ploCea. 
J. R. Kllioott. Torpedo net defence booma, 

K. Bond. Corere for shipa' liatchoB. 

E. 8, Campbell. GorerninK mi.iiTie engiseB. 

W. Sorimgeoui. (G, H. Hicken, Uniied StatM.) 
Boilers. 

F. L. Martineaii, F. and E. Phillips. Stc»m BBrpmtptr. 
J. E. Oibbs. Appuatas ^or propelling bo&ia. 

C, aod F. Drsk«,cil, B<^sl'dpof trawl nets. 
W. H. Fiugerald. BoaU. 

G. W M&ilet. ShiM' snti-fouling acrabber. 
W. Schroidt. Sapiorli^atiD^ steani- 

J. Bnuter. Armour pl&tea for ghipa. 
K. Bichatdpon. ahipe' alwiing geor. 
J. T. M&rBtiall. Metallio piiioDB. 
A. S. E. AckennaaD. Proptilaion of boau, 
W. M. Smitb, Bteam ftvn^vtorB. 
W. If. Baniott and W. C. llirtit. Ef.lt*'' olirv-kl. 
IJ. CbapmoQ and J. McL. F'ialftTBoiL Propellem. 
L- Maiehfi. SCaLw boiler feed apparatut. 
A. J. HenderaoQ- Pumps. 
J, Glover. Blnd^a of urew prap»!lars. 
W. P. Thuinpaon. CH, BrinkmaiiQ, Germao]'.) Throat 
bearings for ifaafti, 

E. S Higg-ine. H. A. BeaaeBei, ajui W, B- Nigholaon 
Hte«m geoersKir 

A, H. Btiotnell. BoW'fac-infi; oBra. 

K, T. Cftrtar. Iiit«?ti*i Ciimbnalion an^nea. 

F. Lamplough. Sleam generators aod sogiceB. 
A . DalnieF. BowlMbs and osra for twata. 

V. J. Sweeting;. Bulwark, wsali pocta for ibipSL 
J. Bta;^. Water gauges (or boilorB 
ll w. Mark)-rzi». pTiPiiott clufcchee. 
!1 E. tiuwria);. ADohum. 

G. A»eroDi. Sbipa' pr«p«ll«[S- 

J. A. P. £,, and M, K, Ncrn.atid. Steam pneratora. 
J. L. CeDToI. CEcisiDg wstettigbt doorf. 

E, FeilM aod S. Poaaali. Tbruil beario^. 
H J Fisaeir. 8t#aiB boiLerij 

H- Wilcko. Witer-tube eleBin Brnerptora. 

F, L. Martioean. and F. and E. PliilUpa, Steam engiup-. 
C. Bedlicb. Siabmarloe chambe'ra. 

A. Priest. Valve action. 

J. JL UargreOTe*. loterral combnsUon engines. 

T- Mjeca. Twt>-tbn)w trank flafCe. 

W, 8. SimpHoA. Araiour plates. 

H. Ballworth. Cjlinders. 



«783 

«770 
6771 
fi77tl 
6794 
fi»36 
HS*1 
CMS 
884B 
6886 
6Sm 

702S 

704il 
7053 

7osa 



F, R. Simma. GonmiBg Dteam en^ea. 

E. E Duller. Liibri<'iilin^ chips' bottoms. 
E. B. Dii!i«T. FloatiDg bHObsriM. 
J. H. Claspe-r. Roirlocha. 
J. Werth. Armoor plates. 

C. Bender aod C, G. 8, Mueller. Anli-friatioa bMriogs. 
A- G. Barrel]- 'I'rftosl'ipping aand ballnat. 

J. a. Edoj. St^priag d*rice for torpediies. 
' G. Niemefer and Q. F. Schroder. St^am evnerabors. 
J. VaTaBBBur Armonr-piercEnn projfOdlmi. 

D. McLncblao. Bbeaves fur pallej blix'ks. 
J. Pitmao. Life'savfng floating salooo. 
At. Cmwrrird. Steam gecerators 

W. H, and R. W. Allen- Valrea for gpneratofa. 
B. A. Gill. XiOeboaid gear for sailjcg craft, 
W. A. P. Weroer. Steain. gBceratore. 



BOARD OF TRADE EXAMINATIONS. 



Ndtb.— IC denotes First Clasa; 9Q, BecondClMe. 



March a7th, 1897. 



.VdaniBon, F. F. 
B'lack, T. H. -. 
1 bnpmao,.!. W. 
CoUraan. E..... 
naniel, A. W. £ 

Daviaan, J 

Dawson. T. .... 
Eaates, R. H. . . 

Foote. E 

ForrMt, A 

Gardner, Alex. . 
Hale, F.A. P... 

Hall, J 

Ho^g.H 

Hndion. T E. . 
.lanaings, F. -. 

Lajngley, H 

MaUoWall.H.G 

Mnrrny.J 

Porter, J 

BobertMS, J . . 
RobinaoD, fl F. 
ROBB, A- ...... 

Sterane, H.C.J. 
BWkie, J B. ,. 

Thearle H 

ThotnpBon.H.W 

Tough. W 

TuUt, T. H. .. 
TwisB, W. J. . . 

WalaoD.J 

WilK*, E 

April Srd 

Arn>wHmitli.&.E 
Brnok, A. ...... 

Borna, J. F 

C*bUa, A. W. . . 
Crawford, J. .. 
Oullen, J. W- . . 
Deane. W A. .. 
Dingle. P. E. . . 
Doff, R. ...... 

Dnnlop, H. A... . 

Dunning, Jobs . 
Ellison, Tboa. . 
Flower, J. 8. .. 
tieen.G. H. .. 
Hyndman.T .- 
Johnson. W. R. 
Jonea, EIliH .... 

Eidd, John .... 

Lefaaui, A. W. 

Lewie, J 

Logan. R. 
Machin, 6. L. . . 
Kaltman, D. .. 
Maj. F 



IC f^'nd'land 
10 Lonilon 
2C S'nd'Und 
20 N.ShieLdB 
2C London 
IC N.Bbields 
20 ,. 
2C „ 
3U Aberdeen 
SG iS'ad'laiid 
IC Liverpooi 
IC Land OS 
20 N.ShieldB 
IC London 
IC E'nd'lBDd 
30 Loadoii 
2D Liverpooi 
;>C Londoa 
20 Aberdeen 
IC N Shields 
3C 

IC S'nd'land 
SO K.Sbields 
IC [fondoo 
ICB'nd'land 

10 Liverpool 
2C l.oDdoii 
2C Aberdeen 

ICg'od'laod 
IC London 
2C S'nd'land 
IC N Shieldfl 

. 181t7. 

.IC N.Shielde 
IC Glasgow 
10 D.Sfaield« 
IC Cardiff 
IC GlaHgow 
2C 

2C .. 
aC London 
-2C Olaagow 
IC London 
2C Liverpool 
IC .. 
SG London 
10 CardifT 
2G London 
IC N.Shirlds 
3C Liverpool 
2C 

EG London 
10 
IC 

IC Cardiff 
10 Glasgaw 
IC LoD'doti 



McDonald.Chna. IC Liverpool 

McLeod, I, SC Glasgow 

Moore. W, T. . . 20 London 
Parkih. T. M... 2C Cardiff 
rarsons. W. B. . 20 London 
Prichard. D. . . 20 Carfiff 
Procter. H. H... 20 ,. 

Sobson. T IC M.Shields 

Scott, W IC LoBdon 

Small. "W.J. .. 2C 
Stini», D.P. ..20 
ThompeoD. J. W. IC Liverpool 
Wake, O. C. . . aC N .Phiolda 
Webaler, H. B. . IC GlaagO'A 
Wilkie, G. D. .. 2C N-Sbieldi 
Woods, T 2C London 

April lOtL, 1897. 

Bev«ridgA. A. .. IC LeitI). 
Borthwii^lc. G. . 2C ,, 
Corlett.A R. . IC Livorpaol 
Dnnoan, B. N. . 20 London 
Graham. W. A. 2C 
OnODB. A. B. .. 2G Lirorpool 
Owena, Koberl . 10 „ 
P^tts, J. W .... 2CN-ShiBld« 

Prior, J '"C London 

Ksymond.H^ny 2C Liverpuol 
Sibbald, Jubn .. IC 
Skakle, J. G. .. IC London 
Smitb, W. S. .. iC Leitb 

WlIboii^E SC N.Shislda 

Wilson. J. O. . . 3C ,. 
Woodcock, J. O. IC Laith 

April 17th, 1997. 

Biinfcar. J. T... IC HnU 
Crawford, J. C. 2C Ltiurpool 
Donaldson. J... IC Hnll 
Hanbon, J. .... 2C Livvpool 
Hftidie.A.Mo.P. 10 GresDCHdi 
Higgiiv». J. .... 10 „ 

Hor,W.M lO 

,Fonea. T IC Dnblin 

Kwinedj", .T, H. 2C Greeoook 
Lindsay. J. W. iC X Shields 
QIaokenzie. J. .. 20 Greenock 
MoMaaler. D. C. '2C Dublin 
UoUaeter. D.W. 20 Greenock 

UalviUe, U -20 N.Shielde 

UoncrieS, A. .. IC GrMSOctt 
PsxIon.A. S. .. 2C 

Ray. J ICN. Shields 

Hpenoer.T ICLiverpool 

Stangor, D. 0... IG Grmnook 

Wangh, T 30 

Williama, W. ., 20 Liveipool 
Wtlijamaon. J. . 10 Greenoelr 
Wyper, T 20 



June 1, 1897.] ^^Ci-^ THE MARINE ENQINEES. 



81 



LOHDOS. JUNE 1, 18S7. 



EDWARP P, MARTIN, Efti., in hie preBJdential 
address to the Iron a.nd Steel loBtitute, has 
carefully compiled and laid before his hearers moat 
ralaable statistica of the iroc asd eteel industries of 
this country, pointing out the steps of continued pro- 
gresfl in the production of nmnufacttured iion aud 9te&U 
that have maintained the fiourieliiiig output of this 
important industry, whiUt at the same time be points 
oat the vaBt strides made by competing manufacturers 
in foreigri coantries, and warns everybody interested 
in th& trada that there must be no Sagg^isg in their 
endeavonrs to keep Great Britain abreast with uiodaru 
methods and improvementa. The comparison given 
of first records of pig-iron per taraace in 1791, at 
Oowlais, wbich -wae only 20 tons of pig-iron per week 
per funacer at an expenditnre of S tone 1 cwt. per ton 
>f plg'iron, is mOBt interesting as compared with the 

^present production of 1,600 tons per week per furnace, 
nith a consumption of O'lily 19 cwt. of coke, equal to 
about 1^ tone of coal per ton of piga- But this again 
peJea before the latest production in America, from the 
Duqueene furaaceB, whose beat week's work exceed 
4,000 tons from each furnace, with 1,700 lbs. of coke 
per ton of pig:- And it is said that furnaces of a still 
further improved conBtruction are in the course of 
erection in the folates, of which the production is ex- 
pected to be aB tuuch as 1,000 toDB per furnacd per 
day. It behoves, therefore, our iron-maatera to look 
veil to Buch improTements, and not to allow them- 
fidveB to be distanced. The introduction of the 

[Beosemer andSiemene steel processea of course revo- 

i hitiOBized the Urge works of the old ironmasters, and 
the tendency ever since has been for the better and 
stronger material to replace iron in all strcctures and 
boUera. The BesBemer and Siemens proceaseSf re- 
qoiriog pure k«matit& iron for a satisfactory product, 
developed an ecorniouB carrying trade at sea in the 
dchvery of such ores from Spain, the Mediterranean 
3d Scandinavian districta, and it was not until the 

'iatxC^uotiOQ of the Thomas-G ilcbriat proceBB for 
<l^hosphorizing impure ores, that the locally produced 
£B could compete with the water-borne foreign 

IsQpply for steel production. Had it not been for the 
'ttiOruiOne reduction in e^ea-borne freights in the last 
Bw yeare, it is probable that thisproceee, onabling the 
Jrea from the Cleveland, Northamptonahiro, Lincoln- 
shire, StaffordBhire, and North Wales districts to be 
Utilized for basic steel making, bheee cheap ores would 



probably have completely cut out the hen^atites fiom 
the steel market. However, the abipowners have 
proved equal to the emergency, and have kept th« 
sea-borua supply alive by a reduction from about l&s. 
a ton to 4b. *)A. However, the German and Freoch 
iron-masters in the Hinette ore districts have found 
a great advantage from the Thomaa- Gilchrist process 
in enabling tbetnto place their cheap abundant phos- 
phoric ores on the market as bEksic steel. It is now 
the turn of the Bailway companies to look well to the 
question of freights for heavy mineral goods, to reduce 
the same where poaaible, and to consider and carry out 
all lueacB of reducing the " tare " of carriage, by largely 
increasing the capacity of their mineral trucks to 
enable our iron-masters to compete against foreign 
rivals in the markets of the world. In hydraulic 
forging of larg& ehafts great improvements have lately 
been made in the fscility for working eoormotu 
masses, and in the homogeneity of the finished pro- 
duct right down to the core. Messrs. John Brown & 
Co. have been the leaders amongst ua in adopting 
enormous hydraulic presees up to .'5,000 tons, witb a 
diatance of IS ft. from column to column, but Mr. 
Knipp. of Essen, is not behind tbem in such enter* 
prise, and an ingot of high class steel weighing 70 
tons can be handled by them with tfae gi-eate&t ease. 



It is well sometimes, in any art or profession, to 
atop and have a retrospect of what baa beeo 
aceompliahed in Ihe course of time, and to note tbe- 
various stages of development and advance. It was 
presumably with this view that Mr. M.^'.Aisbittcom- 
manicated to tbe Inetitute of ^arice Bngineera an 
intereEting paper upon "Shipbuilding, Ancient and 
Modern." As Mr. Aisbitt points out, tfae science of 
naval architecture, depending as it does bo much no 
individual requirements, waa uQtiJ these latter years a 
profession in which each man was a law unto hiroe^lf, 
and apparently Noah, to go back to earliest records, 
was an able designer, and knew, or at any rate 
employed general dimcnsioas in bis design of tbe Ark, 
which would have don© no discredit to Baval arcbi- 
teets of the preEeat day, after all tbeir esperience, and 
tbe effort and success in the building of BUch an 
enormou'8 iloating scow or caravanserai must have 
been as creditable in its way and as far ahead of its 
times as the building of the Or^at Saaiertt isaB for 
Brunell and Scott Kussell. tt would appear from 
the collated testimony of Holy Writ and JosepbuE, 
that the dimensions of tbe Ark were a length of S40 ft. 
by a breadth of 90, with a depth of 54, which would 
probably give it a draught, when laden, of about 27 ft. 
These propnrtions are very much those of tbe best 
present sailing ship models, and her displacement 



82 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



[June 1, 1897, 



would have heen about 2'2,49i tons, which ym an 
enarmoaB uodertakiog in tboee da^B, enBbling her to 
probably carry about 13,000 to 13,000 tons of effective 
cargo. She does not appear to bave been propelled by 
ears or eail?, but to have been a tbree-aecbed hvlb, 
ptobably closed over tbe up|er deck and fioaticg at 
the mercy of the currents and winds. The next class 
of boatB of which there is any record appears to have 
been open-decked galleye, eiich ae were uEed by the 
ViUngB and SomaoB, and theee were propelled by 
either oars or sails, giving smple space ior carEmca 
and figbtiog men, and of Eballow draught. In about 
the fifteenth ceotmy we find records of the first ocean- 
^^.goiug Baiting vessels, such aa the Sauftt Maria, in which 
^^F^ristopber Columbus discovered America, and the 
m Tesaela of Drake, Baleigh, Frobisber, and Hawkins, 

■ ^hich, thoijgh mere cockle-ahells frcm the modern 
I, point of view, were sound sea boatB enough tocLrcum- 

■ Oftvigate the world. Thus veefels, built priinarily for 
B mercactUe purposes, were Ebort and hsndy withoat 

■ excessive top bamper of lofty forecastles and poops, 
I. which were the peculiaritiea ccmbined with great 
W length and burden of the wsTBhips of the Armada, 
I and cansed them to be bo unwieldy and to suGTer so 
H greatly tiom the attacks of the mere nimble Britieb 
B Teasels. Captain Cook, as the result of bis voyages 
I TOund ibe world, wiote a ccmplete bistoiy of the 
^^^ difficulties he bed to encounter, and the nature of the 

^F^essel be thought most snitabla for tbe trade. He 
defined the requirements as follows ; — " One which in 
case of need could, through her moderate draught, be 
laid on the beach of any of the South Sea lElBuda and 
repaired, and enter the shallow barbouis of tboee 
islands: secondly, one that owing to her icmpara- 
tively large capacity internally would be able to carry 
U considerable cargo of light produce, and acccmmo- 
date the number of men requiEite for (be expedition ; 
thirdly, one which, by being able to teat o9 a lee ebore, 
would he a thoroughly seaworthy &nd able reseel in 
case of Btoims," Captain Ccok evidently appiecmted 
tbe value of a high platfoini and utilised what were 
ooneideted high bulwarks to deck the same over and 
fit his vesEel with open caila eo that a heavy sea 
breaking over her would eaeily leave ber. The ESioe 
idea is now Eeen in ihe caEe cf (be turret and trunk 
ateauieTH. Tbe French, at the etd' of the seventeenlb 
century, seem to have been able to give Brititb thip- 
fauildeiS' a good number cf wrinkles in the besuLilul 
lines cf their frigates, aa it is well koovvn that msnyof 
our most beautiful models of those days were captured 
from tbe French* About 1^50 tbe Americana took up 
Bbiybuilding in earnest, wood and labour being at that 
time cheap and plentiful Mith Ibem. and being; free 
from pre-toncehed ideaa, started ttw types of light 
hulls, and therefore large cariying tapacily for 



their weight, end of a form of under hull cal- 
culated to enable their cltppera to skim over 
the seas rather than to sail through them, and 
very EuccesBtul they were. Their lines were 
followed by the Aberdeen thipbuildera in their Aber- 
deen clipperg, and the American? Geem to have been 
the first to adopt wire riggtcg and large blocks and 
other appliances to enable more work to be done by 
less faAuds. The American Civil War and tbe intro- 
duction of iron into shipbuilding, gave the blow to 
American shipping . About t lie year 1 S60 iroa 
sailing and steam ships becsme a neceeeity, and a full 
fcrm forward and a Sue after body, or a cod bead and 
a mackerel tail, were the approved models. Though. 
this form is excellent for coasting voyages tbe 
American and Alerdeen clif pera with atraighter lines 
were mere EucceEsful in long voyages in the trade 
winds. In paddle and screw tugs there are many 
pointa of relative peculiarity that have to be specifi- 
cally rcKarded to make successful tugB. The paddle 
tug, when li^ht, should always run by tbe head sis 
or Eoven inches mote than by the etern, bo that 
the towing strain Ehould bring her to an even kael. 
In tbe Eciew tug the opposite should be the caae. 
The latest novel types of ocean cargo ateamera are 
tbe whale-backed Eteaioer, the turret, the trunk, 
and semi-tiunk Btesmete. Tbe whale-back cornea 
from (he Canadian lakes, where tbe type was con- 
ceived for carrying grain, but the type has not heea 
received with favour for ocea:i work. In the dia- 
cuGsion upon Mr. Aisbitt'a paper, which was lengtbjr 
and somewhat humorous in tone, exception wa^ 
taken to the omission of Che Great JLatirnt as a 
remarkable acbieventeot of her time, and of the 
iatCBt modern novelty, the Turhhua, whose record 
speed, marvellous for her size, is produced by the 
Hon. Parson's steam turbine engines, which we have 
already noticed. 



CABQO STEIHEB " EKLIPTIK&." 



WE have pleasure m giving in this ia»ae a page 
illustration of a new type of cargo steamer 
built on Mr. Alfred Chrietensen's Patent (oval 
shapes hj '^^ Flenshuig Shipbuilding Co., for 
Mr. Alfred CUristensen Pteajnsbip Co. "Urania" in 
Coi enhagen. B tr dimensions are 301 ft, by 39 ft. by 
'23ft. Gin., and nhe is titled aft with triple-espansiou 
ecf int'8 of tiOO H.P., leaving in the centra of ship a 
V( ly Isrge cargo apace, which is perfectly self -trimming. 
Thu trial trip waa luo on tKe .6th ult., and proved a 
great fiucccsB, the aveiage speed being JUknots at a 
very low consumption ot coal. This type was awarded 
a gold medal at tue Lubeck Exbibitiouiii ld9S. 




84 



THE MAEINE BNOII«EEK. 



[June 1, 1897. 



! 



THE APPLICATION OF THE COMPOUND 

STEAM TUKBINE TO THE PUEPOSE 
OF MARINE PROPULSION - 

Bv TKF. Eoy. CHAELKS PAESOSe. 



rhai bMD eu^fsted b; Sir W. E- White tb&t i p>p«r 
^Win^eoiDefioccjiiiitciftbespiilioiiiiDntiCtliecomponDd steam 
tnrbfiie to the pnrpOTffl of in&riDt: propulfliof , luigct bo of 
■Blereetlo Ihe member* <<f tbig ]zB<itutJ«n- 

The dftt« of tbi« pspt-r it pcrhupe nomeirfaat premftlurp, ta the 
Twrtinin, the 6r»t b*it flWed with lurbifis engineB, li«8 not li 
jet completed ber experimental trialt, but u tbe reEolti id far 
■BrrrtBiseii are la unne reepecU Rmarkable, tbie perhftpB iat.j 
mSotA eome bicdm tor their publication . 

The mnt^nfaotiue ol the compooDd ebeam tnibloe mi fifBt 
commenced in the jear ISSK with Itie coDsCrnotioD of boikII 
cDgiusp for its driving' of djoBOjosj autcessiTe LtujiioTenifnte 
were made, and larger entfineH c«DBtnieted, tut isp to tb^ yekp 
l^&ift the coQBciDptJQii cf eteam wAfl Dot lucb oa to justify tho 
■ppticAtion of tbi» rlue D(»Ttgine to the pnrpofleof uieriaBprQ. 
pnkioD, [houjEb on accoaol of ita light v«^t, ama.!! aiae, ukd 
bi)rh «peed of nvaiatit,r, it preaested grfB.t HdraDtegea over 
ordiiarj emgiDea for certain oluiaa of Koik. 

In the year 1832, however, m highlf developed compoDiid 
torbinp, adapted (or CDDdenalnB', irae ouBBttacted for the 
Cambildee EUctrio Supplj Co., and wben te«ted by Frofettur 
EwiD^, F.Ji,^., Bh«ic^ Ik cqniuiDptiop of gieam <<)iiivaleiit lo 
IS'l Ib>. peT l.H.P. per honri iha t^iiler fretaar« being 104 Ibe., 
•nd tbe jtcam Boperbeitcd to LS7 deg, F. above tbe point of 
■atoritioD. 

Moi¥ recaotly, compoond LcrblueengiDeabftvebeenoonHtmcted 
op lo 'M'>0 B.F.. botb condeDBiDK' and ooo-ooDdeoaic K, and con- 
snmptJoDft of ileam bb Ion bh 14 Iba. per I.H.F. nith latnraled 
■team, and 100 Iba. boiler preemre, bane been afrerteined !.□ 
wginei of 200 H.P., aiid etill lower CEiuaoQiptions in enginea of 
larger liie, Maoj of tbe onginaJ eagines are t^iU dgio^ goo4[ 
work t aoar-ttpteMlj Ibe larger siE«Bo( 60l> H.F. and npwakds, 
He frec^iieDUj 'kept at work for BeTeral w«eka witboat etoppiag. 
Tbe retnniB of tbe Kewcaitle and IDi^triot Electric Li^btiiiftCo. 
Bhoi* B renrl^ (net of upkeep of ! J; per cent, per bduqid, and the 
total B.P. of torbiriea now at work in England eiCMdi 
80,000 H.P, 

In JaCQuiT-, 1S94. & Byndiciato was formed to teat tboronghlj 
Uie BpplicalioD of the compoDod Bteani turbine to mariDe pro- 
pvlBJou, and a boit waa deaiipied f'fir ibis purpose. In Tiew of 
lb« large amoQnt of alteraCi^n tbat woqld probablj be re<]Qired 
before a Batlafaotoiy iesne was reacbed, and the ler;^ amount 
of titne and erp^nse oecf aiarilj involTi d, it wbb decided to keep 
the dioieiiBioDi as email as pomible, but not bo email at to pre- 
olnde i)ie pocetbilitj of Tescbisg^ an un precede n ted rate of 
>perd. abould all the puts work aa 8etiBfa[:tor7 aa irei uiitioi- i 

Tb^ fnlfllment of tfae«e acticipatioDe irB«, honeTcr, much ' 
da]i^yed, Kid aioioBt ftuBtrated, hf a difflcuttj which, tboagh 
fere^Een, proved to be of a inaoh tDoreierloie cbar>ct«r ttiao J 
w»aanticipat«d. TbU diffloollv craB that tei-med bji Mr. E. K, j 
Proede " Ths eavitation of watit," ov, in other words, ibo bol- ] 
towiD^oiit of TBOcona (ipaoea by the blade of tbe lOtaw, acd ! 
tlilii pitfall for tbe devipoere of acrewB Tor vei}* fast vmbbIb, ! 
tbongb indicated bj tbeorj' to eiiat. came apcn ui in tbe caae 
vl uur verj fast rnnnuDg Bcrcw,. taxed bejond tbe naaaF eitent. 
in ite most ng^ravated forro. When the bonthnd manbiDerj were 
deBi)cii«d, the tiialfl <->( tbe Luring, vbicb fital drew atteotiga j 
t» thie difficulty, bod not i|ik«n pl»pe, I 

Tbe T'.rlAriia — a.a the boat is nained — ia lOt) ft. lb lesgtb, ' 
9ft. btTSDi. Red 4'lJ toBB dii>plnoi?ni«tit. Tbe original turbine j 
aogine fitted in her wai designed to doci^lop upwards of 1,5D0 
OQlual B.P. at a apeeil of 2,500 levolntiona per mintite. The 
boiler la of tbe wKier-Iube type for S'25 lb*, per aqaare incb 
working pTeuitre with larpe steem epaor, &D<t larife return water 
lege. BJid witb a total beating surface of 1,100 ti^uai^ feet, and 
■ gT«l« sorfaoe of 42 aquare feet ; twofjicgd^orBore provided, 
One at cBf b end- Tbq atokebolda aie ploaed, and tt? drfiqght 
fllniiabed hj a fan coapldl dir^ctr^- to tbe eof)iue abaft, the 

condati«r is of lar^ size, havieg I.SCO^ tqc are feet of eooling 
iniface : tbe otrcolaliDK water ia led b; ecoops, vbich are | 



i 



•BMd at tbe ThiitT-aleblh Bohlce 6f Ibe iDititMlOn ef Natal A»bi- 
tnlf. 



liiiiped and reverBible. so that a eoroplete revereat of tbe Sow of 
water tan be obiaistd abould Ibe itibee become choked. The 
BUiiliai; maebinery contiils of main air ; ump and spare air 
pump, aoiiliarj fitcnlating pomp, main and ipero fted pninpt, 
tEDin and ipare oil pumpSt also ibe u.Biiet bilj^e cjectori; the 
fre^b-water tank and bot well 1*61)1010 about 2E'J {;^1!qdb. 

The hull ia buiU of ateel plad?. of tbickneae wiping fjon* 
3-ItiLb in, in the boUdro to 1-1 6th In. in tbe si^ot Dear the atem 
aifd i* divided iblo five apaces b; wateitifbt bolkbeada. The 
d^k is ofsteel plats. 
The app'owmate woinhtB are- 
Main enp in ea .-. 3 tons 13 cwt. 
Total weight of msobiiiery and 
boiler, screws and ebBfling: 

tanks. Ao 22h»« 

Wti^bt of ball complete ... , .. 1' n 

Coal and water ... 7^ „ 

Total displAoem ant ... ... MJ „ 

Triale were made with eorews of c&riotiB patterns, but the- 
reanltB warannsatiBfaclory, nod it wnaappBTent tbat ag^reatloM 
of power >raa taking place in the acTOW. 

Til iuvteti^ete the qnejtjan tboiougblj, a apring tortionat 

djOBtnoiDSler wbb codbi meted, and fitted between the engine 

and screw rboft. nseapDrinft itae actual torqne tranimitt^- The 

inensartmFiitB eoDclativcly proved that the oauHe of failnro lay 

I entirety in the serewF, end, with the object of furtber inveati- 

I gatfn^ I%e chaiaeter of tbis waale of power, a eerleB of eipeii-.^ 

meota were made with model two-bladed eoraws of 2 in. 

diameter, revolved in a b«tb of water benttd tu within a few 

' degrees of tbe boiling poiot, and, in older that the model screw 

I" abonld produce onalogoua reealta to the real sorew, it waa 

' artaiiged that the lemperatuie of tbe water and the bead of tit 

water aboTB the prope.ller, aa well as tbe speed of revolvtiMii 

I abonid bo Biich ae lo cloael/ reaenibltt the aclaal candiliona and 

forces at work in tbe rral torBW, tbe objeob ia healtog tbe water 

being to obtain an increased Tapour preafure from the water, ao 

I as bo permit a repreeentataon of (he conJitioos with a mors 

moderate and cooTeoieDt Epeed of revolntioii Chan would othei-> 

I wise have Ikcii necessary. 

The screw was itlumioated by ligbt fiom an aro lump reflected 
I from a tcvolTing mirror attached lo Lbe acrew shaft, which fell 
on it at one point only of (be revolutioo, and by this jneans the 
shape, fenn. ood growth of tie ca'^ itiee cc'sld bealeorly Men and 
traced aa if atationary. It appeared that a cnTity ot blister first 
formed a little bebicd Ihe lea.ding edge, andnear the lip of tba 
bladv ; then, as the speed of revolotion waa ittereased, it enlarged 
in ell directions ontil, itt n >peed cuirrev ponding to that in th« 
7'u;-LiinVi propeller, it bad grown ao an to oover a aeotor of tbe 
screw diic of 90 degrees. When tbe apeed was still fiurtber in- 
creased, the icrew.sa airhole, revolved in a cyliadricel oarity, 
from one end of whiuh >be bladesiicraped oil' layeis of «otid water, 
deliverioR ibeni OB to the ether. In this eitrpmo pa«e nearly 

the whole energy of the hct^w *raa expended in maintainiag thta 
vitiTuous •pai:«. It also appeoMnl that when the cavity had 
gntKn to bs a little larger Lb&n the wiiltb of the blade, the lead* 
ieg edge aoted tike a wedge, tbe forwaid &ide of the edge giviDg 
negative thrust. 

Frorn theae eirperiments it w^inld nppenr that in all acrewB, of 
whaWver slip ratio, there will be a bntiting speed of blade, de^ 
pendicg Qpoo the slip ratio and the onrratur* of the back — in 
other wxdc, on tbeslip ratio and thickness of bla<)e; beyond 
Ibia speed a great loe* of power will ocour . ami thnt. ahonld th* 
speed of ahip^ be still further iucHsaef^, the ad«>plion of some- 
what larger pitch tatios Ihun those at[iieseQi.QBua1 willbefoond 
dsBirable. 

It ia not proposed here lo tr«ce further the losses of power by 
cavitstioD., bet, generally Bpeaking, tbe tSi-ct is felt in tbe cs^e 
of trbe real ship, i,ot in tbe lacing of the screw, but in loss of 
pmpnlsioD fffect. 

In the model eiperiirente, bowevrr, in bot water, the effect 
V AS both lo«s ft propiilsioa effect and also rsdng, aa woald 
n<>turally be (.xpected Ittfta the fact of greater vapour density of 
the water in the tatter ^tif* leederlng tbe cavities more atable. 

A Beriesof model eiperimentt on csviiatioD in cold water os 
tht) lines described would be Fitremely inteicstieg, and probably 
inBtmclive, bat noutd reqoire more elaborate, powerfal, and 
BStrsTiuly high speed apparjilus than was st onr dispcaal, It 
wonld alio seem that tbe limttaiion imposed on slip tatio tende 
in favnar at larger pitch ratio lor very fast vessels. 



Juno 1, 1897.] 



THE MASINE EfTGINEEiL 



* 



I 



The fliii(;lB compound tarbios engiee was dow renoTed from 
the boEt end Teplaced t><r thr«e eepai-ftto DOEnp^aiLd turbioea, 
dlractt; ooapled to three screw ihaitts, working in MrM» on the 
■t«aiii> the tarbmes being the high preHBure, intetmadinlp, Hcd 
low presBure, and designed for a> complete eipcn»ioD oftheeteAiu 
of lOO'fvld, eech taibioo evening Oipproiiniatelj' one<t-hiri3 of the 
■ Holu power deT^Jopac), tbe thne Cflw icien Bbnlta being of 
reiliu«d SCAD tl Jug. 

Bf Chii ohnn^ the pOA(<r delivered to- eficli Sdran shaft veaA 
reducei] to oas-tliinl. orhite the (liTUian of the engine into thre« 
wu tsrDQrahle to the (^umpnclnesa and et!ieieiit worltinfc of the 
iDTbiiiofl. The total weight of eugioeit and theipeed of tevolu- 
ttoni remaiiied iha aHme aa before. The effect on the Btirei?! 
Wbitarednce their scuntlin^, and lo bring ibeir c«Dditii>EiB of 
working cloeer to those ot ordinar; pnwtiae, He ihrnst (rf the 
pivpellwi is btlftoced b; Bt^Bini preeenie is tlio moton. 

Tha reat of tha Enachiuerjr nuniiiiiiB th« aKOie, (hough soma 
thotigee id AFr&ktigfraieiit irore nBcosBory- 

The UBUEil li^um-Tiiai beviDgB &re need for the spnvi sliftfte. 

The eoKJna ojlindera lie etoaelj to the bottom -of ih-e boat, and 
M» bolted directlj to small aoatin^B on the frainei of aoffl-cienL 
itrength to t»ke the thraab of the propellen. The oentre of 
gnrritj ot the macbmorr ie cxiDeeqneuU; maoli lower than with 
onlinar^ eDjioeB. 

At kII vpeedB l;he boMt trarele with ao ivlmiMl'Oompl'eteJihBeDioe 

of >ibrBtioD, a.ad the ateadj Bt^w o-t ■t»aiii to the motgi h innj 

hbv« oome iDSuenca oii |iTiinibg ; at anf rate, do lign of this 
ha» ytt ocfnrtwl with ordinary NewCDBtle Urwn waber. No die- 
tllliag appAFaina has been fitted. 

The bo»t ban been rnn at aeBrl^full ipeed IniDugb wntier.aDd i 
BD ttTJiJeiice of gfTMCopio action hie been oibgerrable, tboagh 
ancb » reanit would be aaticipBte<l from the known aniftl] •moant | 
c' (beM foTOea nnder Bctuol (-onditWDa ; iadoed, the Ji<T>'iHi(' 
hM to Tar prove'd beraeirau eivellent hbb boftt, 

Thp oiling ^f the maiq eugiae-* ie cftirie-d on Batomatically 
Under ft prABianre at lU Ibe. per «(]Uaia inob b^ a amell pamp 
wnrked oil tbe Bir-pamp engine ; a im&U iDdependent duplex 
oil pnmp ia aImi Bit»d ns atand-by. The main engiDes require 
prfteticBllj no attendsDoe bejoad the regulatian of a Bmall 
amoant of lire ateain to paolc the glanda- «iid keep the TBcaiim 
good. 

Tb« adraata^ea claimed for tbe compoDod «t«am turbine over 
Brdmarj- engiaea m&j be s-o-mmariaed bb (ollons ; — 

1. Inoreaaed apeed. 

S. looceaaed economf of steam. 

8, iDanawiL oarrf ing power of reuel. 

■^ Uenamai fBoilltiea lor uftTig&ting bSibIIow waterSi 

5. taonaaed atabilil; of leaael. 

6. laoreeaod safelj to machiaerf Tor war parpoeai. 

7. Bednoeil wnight pf muflJiiriery. 

8. Bfldticed ipBcA oconpii>d b^ toaohineT^. 
fl. Redoccd ioitial coat. 

10. Hednced cost of iLtteBdanca on maohineiy. 
It. Oiminighed coat of upkeep of machiiierT'. 

12. Largely reduced fibrntion 

13. Bednced aiis and weight of itcrew propellera and ahsFting. 

APPENDIX. 
Trials oir THK "Tubhinia." 

In DeeemlMr of last year aerersl mna were made on the 
D«MnFed mile, and the miuimiam mean apeed obtained after 
lua allowanCB for tide naa Z'J-f< kcula pei honr, the mean reio- 
tntiaoaofthe enginea being £.650 per minate. 

Since Chen new propellera of iooreaotrd pitch ratio hare been 
flttwl. 

Varlher ttiAts wen m&de on Afiril lat. 1h^ ueaa of tlia two 
AQnaMntiVe- mna jgsTe a Hpeed of al'Oi knota per hour, tbe mean 
■ Mrolntiona of the eog-inea buing 2,,10IJ per miuate, tbe faateat 
ipna baiog at the rate ors^*}! knota per hour. 

The ntmoet UP. reqaired to drive tbe boat at the «pead 
of Sl'Ol ksota is IHO, as calculated from oiperimenU od her 
model, mads at IJenCiOO Works, on tbe method O'f the tats Ur. 
WLltiam Kroa.de. 

Auuming the ratio of thrnit B.P, to I. HP. to be 60 per rnvt. 
(whlah App^nr" to be the Baoertaiaed ratio (or torpeda boata 
and shifTB of ga« linea), the equivalent I.H.P. for 31-01 luota 
ia 1,57S. 

The feed-water eoppUed to tbe boiler waa measured b? a 
SiemMia water metre previonaly- calibrated ander tbe warlcing 
I •OBditiona. and loand to be aabitantially oorrect. 



S5 



Tbeaa meaaaivmacta were mad« when mnuing at a rp»ed of 
28 knota, and the con sump lion at 31 Ul knots haa been oalcalnted 
from theee meoBurem^uta ut'cordlng to the known Utr between 
ateam pMiBura iiDd coB»umption, and by the obweried eteniQ 
preafRirea on t^n eayilneu aC the reepeclive aprede. The con - 
aamption at 31'0l knota ia approiimuietr 23,000 Iba. p«T b<iiir, 
or 15 i^Q Ibe. per T.H.P, It ahnnid he obBerred tbat the ^aannip- 
tionofthe tbruat U.P. being nfi ptr cent, of th? I-H.P. pi-uitp. 
poaea that the propelleri are oJ' the beat fario bttluinnblo, and 
ahonid tboae now fitted be superseded bf othera of hi^har 
efBdienof, aa ia posaihlft, iknd, indeed, probable, than tbe ll^)it«< 
of ooBiatDption per 1 H.P. will be correapondiuglj improved, 
and the speed of the boat iDcreuied. 

The oaniumption of eteam at 11 4 knota' epeed ba» been 
mcoaiued by meter, a.ad found to bo 3,700 lbs. per hoar, or 
eqaJTalant t« a coal oonaumpiion of aboat 24''(j Iba, per knot, 

CoNniTioSBflF BuNsrwci or "■ Tdbgima " at 31 01 E.\ors Spebd. 

Mean reToIntiooa al eaginea, 2,100. 

Steam pneaaare in boiler, 20CI Iba. 

Steftm preaiare at engioea. 1 30 Iba, 

Taamim at exbaaet of engines, i.3k Iba. 

Speed of boBt, 3101 kDot«. 

CatcDlated tbmit H.F., 91&. 

Calculate I.H,P , 1^70. 

Coneumption of steam, rednoed ta batia of 3101 kOoUl> 
25,000 Iha. 

ConsamptiOTi of ateam pat I.H.P. per hoar. 1^ 8(i Iba. 

Tola! weight of macliioery, iDclnding boiler, coDdenearai 
enginea, auxiliariea, ahiitine'. pi-npcllera, taoka, water La boilefi 
and hot well, in working order. 2:2 tone, 

I.Tl.P. per ton of total machinery. 72-X tona. 

Owing to Bdveree weather, these triata has-e been mnoh 
delajed, and bad Soaliy t4 bo m»de aoder nnfaroufable «iraani< 
stAuMfl. They are, howfr***, believed to be anbatanlially 
Bocurarle. 



THE HIDGET STBIM TRAP. 



WE illuBtrate in the adjoining diagraraa the Midget 
6t«am trap. It will be conceded by mob* 
people that (or compactDesB, simplicity, and oMii- 
paratm BEHftUn&Ba in size, it would be iinpoBsible to find 
itB eqnalin the rodrket at the preaeot time. Aa will 
be seen troni the illaatration, the device conaists of a- 




thonaostat acting on a valve. Tbe therraoatftt is 
similar ia fOfm to the ordinary aneroid or eorruigated 
floxible chambor, which is io this case, bowever, filled 



86 



THE MAEIKE EHGINEEB. 



[June 1, 1897. 



' 



with ft volatile tiuid aud is hernietically sealed. 
This floid is acted oa by the beat, so that 
variatioDB in the temperature produce variationg in 
tb« form &f the c^atnber, the grtaler the pteasure 
within the chamber the further ■will its two euds be 
forced frora cne another. This chamber baa attached 
10 it the vatve which co-acts with the seating io the 
valve casing. A muahrooin-ebaped casting holdia the 
cbaniber. nnd lis provided with a ecfewed neck which 
IS ficiewed into the valve caeing. Thi$ arraDgement 




LOCK NUT 



OUTLEl 

Jim 



net only serves aa a. meRDB ol fijiturc, but also sb a 
meftOB ofa^juetment, which latter when once effected 
can be maintained by locking the neck in place by 
the lo«lt u«t. 

The trap is flrranged when atartiog to allow of an 
uninterrupted diachargn of all condeoaed water and 
deposited matter and does not cloae until eteatn 
■Meujpta to pass, the funelioq being effected by the 
increaeed temperature of the eteftoi expanding the 
ehamher by increaaicg the tenaioii of the vapour of 
ihe volatile tiqaid coQtained therein. 

The trap is canpeded by its inlet to the pipe or 
vessel to be drained in the moat likely poBition where 
kbe water accumulates, the discharge tating pJace 
throunhllie outlet orifice of the device. The featares 
cl tbie little device that appeal to ub are its simplicity 
and compactuess, which make the trap lend itself 
lo 80 many applicatioDS in atearoars, acd will thaa 
obviate the maoy objections and inconveniences that 
arise from the preaence of condensed water in steam 
pipes in the various contrivanceH on board ship. 

This device should therefore meet a genuine want 
iorui oasily fitted small-sized self-coatained steam 
trap. 

This trap is bein^ put on the market by Jimes 
ArtnstrODg A Co.. Limited, of H6, Queen Victoria 
fiu«et, London, E.G. 



Ktmt. TuTOW A Co., Limited, ot Fo|<lEr. Imve received a 

CfJulfn^t (oT tbe conBtmciitMi of lour torpodo-boat dealioyerB, gt 
3t \aaif »peeil, Irom the J«p&Deae GaTemmaat. - 



I 



THE 7LEXTB OF TBE MAIL LmES. 
(From tMT tten Cotrr4ifondeiil.) 

The Gnnanl Lint. 

T ii reported that Hpcen. WoriLman, Clark & Co., of BelftBt. 

b&ve snnngGd to lake over tno of tbo old Canard U»diiar' 

ra.neiiD boats in port jinj'meDt, for tli« thi«e3,uOOtcn Tcesela w1)J<-li 
thejaru noirfauiidiiig'fai Lbo line. TbersiriOTal of lbs two tmbbIb 
FiipEeBied nonld reduce their nnmbfr of Lli» oldeR-t class %o four. 
Bui Lbeird'flpiU'tnrD can not bo vrry itDincdiale ee both reteell 
started on & MediMrreiieaii To;og« aoo-Q after tlis circalstion <4 
tbe repDtt. Too oF tbe cen etramera are Blrr«dj ia ibt vMtif. 
Tbe titBt lA Damed /'ncia, nbioh 14 k name one koowi nod under- 
BUndi. Bnt TutioDB ps.)>«rB have tpelt tbe nsme of tbe i«cond 

■i Gi/ria, Gitr/na, Tijria. and ■'ii/ria. 

lioe |[e4<pB ber^elf uell befcra tb« 
public. Tb«re ia an Admirslly iuit pBudiog in regard 10 the 
ealTDj^ BerTiofi wbicb «he rcndortd on a tecf oC royags. Meaa- 
nhiEo ebe bas breo' employed, (or the OoTerDmcEjt in tranaport 
(ccrk betfreen Malta and Crete, in rcnncoltou vitix tbe oocupK- 
bioa q( tb«t inland hj tha EuKpeaa Pansr^- 

Pabll cat lour. 



in Toar ditfeivnt wajr^. viz 
Tlie old Samaria «r tbia 



The nmneroni new regiatar Ixwka of mercbaot BhippiDjc wliioh 
faavo apruQi; op in lecetLt riTalfjr to Lli^-jd'a ttrgutcr, at hfim* 
AoA abroad, aceiu iitdifrctly W bave b^n * great bcD«fii (A tbat 
part of the pubHc wbicii iiite»aU itaclf in such matten, Tor 
tbe^ bavA Bjtumd on tbe aalboritiea in WbHe Lion CoDrt to 
auoh t'tTorta tbat it »eenia altnoat iRpoaelblo to icDajjiDe any 
matters in wegui to whinib farltier iinprovBnienta could li« nmda. 
Qradoatlj dqw detaiia bave been added. Firnb of kU no bad 
lonR ago ibti additioQ ot putiuulnrv aa U) tbe nambera of balk- 
bsado, tbe oonatmc^tion and mateti&l of tbn deoks aad dsok 
BKctioD', AD-d tbo prcacare carrird to Ibe iKUlers. Tit en came 
detaila of s forlbf r kind, aacb aa tbe Btting vt a^e^tria lighting, 
tb« peHiCaLars ua to bait«re, inoludingtbe tiOBibei^ ofbciilan, tb« 
obaractorand obub^r of ihA tarnsc^.e, tbe area ot gralea and 
beftting Burfaoea. Noir otb>er particniar* of an important and 
moat tiaeful kind era ofTorded. Tabl^ of TeaseU fitted wiih r«- 
frigfratiog appaiBLua and lbs capaoil J of tba Insclution of each 
ia piven in appendix, a* well sb inforinBtion aa to the oharMtcr 
tit the machinerj of-ed f^ir loireriDfr tbe teiDpeiBtQr». Other 
tables ehoTT the cablc-Uf ing abipe of tl>e vorld and the f tvum 
sod sLilin^ TeBBrla Stied tor Ibc carriage of pctro'lcam ii bulk. 
In rr^ard to IbU latt tnaller 1 oiu^ notice that io the g«aeial 
list of iitcamBrfl there ti tiow an iDdtc-ation ot lb« (aet that tha 
TeSBS'l is caa(truFt«d to cair^ petruleuis in boik, and in addition,. 
m tbo mdie recent editioca of the '' Hegialer" a statement, in 
caaei nbare it is Icuonn to ba tbo'C^ac^. that the niacbiDeT7 ia af U 
An far aa I hare been able to test it tbia inrormation iiTorjooni'' 
plele and exhauaiivo. Tbe fad that it ia iaaued from the Cor- 
pocatioD in ff bite Lion Coart ia * aufficieal guarantee of iti 
nccoracj- 

Tbe New Vhlt« 9t*^ OfB««, 

At the bottotn of Ja.mea Street, Liverpool, ie apprnaohing com- 
pletioD. and ia dot anlRcientlj dciibed to afford a rer;; good 
idra ot nbat ita hnal appearance triLl be. lu aaljdit^ ia 
chaiacteriatio of the line it ia tn lioueoi Ilb poflition ia 
e^tfc'lioglj good Aa it ia detached on three lidee. and tsa o^e 
tide facinji; tbe docka Hith a tArge open apace iti front. It 
(SomtnaiLdB from ilA ofpcr stories a. magnifioent view ^iteuding 
to tlie-oppoeite eborcaof tbo Ueney, and on olear da^a erea to 
tbe Welsh bills. The lower alericB aie built of atone and tli« 
npp(r otiia of btick, Tbia j^ivea a general impreeiion which 
recalls tbo New Scotlaiid Yard bQildiiig between the Enbanlc- 
metil. and YThitAban. TbBH i* not tiirpriainji, when wo leam 
tbat the same gCDtlemati ts urctiitecC of both bnildinge. It ia 
too ioon to »f mach of tbe iQC«TiDr, except lliat tbe officea are 
very loftj and well lighted, and the panellirg of the entranoO 
hall with igranite ie already in pFoceas and proniaea to ba veiy 
hasdBome andefleelive- 

Thc Oreat lf«Tat Kevlew 
al Spithead will be attended bv Home fine meichant ateamarfl. 
Tbe Cunard Company's C-impniiin will ocoopj an importaat 
poeilion. aa tbe Adminltj are arras^ing her to follow the Hoyal 
;a<ibta with a large deiaobment. of legislators on board. The 
Teuloiiif — wbiob (tcoupisd a place o( honour at tbe gr?at review at 
Bpitbead — will alaobe prwencasa repieieuCatira of the aniiliarj 



June 1, 189T.J 



THE MABIHB ENGINEER. 



87 



* 



9 



} 



I 



•mittd fituMr <d tbe Aiminlty. She. will bave a pcrC^ of 
f^0iti on board. TbcD the P.ifeO. ' nliedoniii, the Onent Liae, 
Ophir, the Amsrican Line -Vric York (fljinRthe stars and fttrfpeg) 
uid Diuiyothor TesaelH irill bepreaeot with ps^riag via-itora. It 
it mU tfaki ibediaplaf will be the moBt eitenaive and powerful 
eiiar iltorded to bha pnthli'c. Ttis is bOw it bImiiIcI b«. far tbe 
derelopmcut of iteftoi naTig^t^ioi bae bQ^n ooe of tho racwt 
rtB»il(itUe c^iirSetoriiticB of ihe perigd <^o*ere<l bj the H.6cord 

QneeDitown T. Soutbaimplon. 

Ths Atsericant still cliei-isli the belief tbab tb« Cmmp-bnilt 
bo^ta &re speedier than llie bi*^ Cuuttrdera. One does oat wiatk to 
gTod^ Uie ^. iiuritg and tbe ^'. J'ai'l aaj merit wbich boloDgB to 
th-Biti Bod they liftT« claimatonnr rejiArd nbirh shQuld b^ EDOUgb, 

flT«ii far Lho moat ftmbitioaa Ainericaiifl. Fot- thej are in tha 
fttat fliffLt amoD^Ht Che mail eleamen of tbe da^ , although Chef 
VB UMfirat v(]Ba«l» of the bigbeacolasa turned ont in etcei from 
Unit«dSUt«B yards. It.iippafi.rs that at the beftinmap; of Hbj 
tlla S. Faul arrived oat -lU aiiuotna. before the Lm-.aiiia and hence 
IM claim ia made that ahe ia a faster ehtp. Yet Gha dailj runs 
qt>Dt«d ar« ia thtaiBelvee e-,DfIii:ieat to diBproTe Cbe claim, 
Tbej appear lo hare beeu — for th« Lucartiu, lul loLleH to noon on 
tbe Mwdsj. then fi07, 514, 534, W>S, iU, and 8G3 to Sandy 
Bock at about midnight. For the S. Paul the rniiB W*ra — Fir«t 
day (whiieh waa (vnJj aboat twenty-two ho\in] i&'i mil«fi, theti 
4H2, 50t, 41^6, 492. 495. and, on ihe last half da;., 232 milea to 
Bnd/ llook. The day'a rana of the Liuaiiia are oonfliatButly 
batter. Morecrer, if v>« compara the acta at beat day's run of 
mob TojagCi ire aeie that tho Britisher tbd 524' miles Id oao daj, 
whilst tbe beat the American lioer did was iS04 iiiiica, Tbia 
leareH a difference in [s-tqui c>f tbt* {grnter of very ueuly a I^ot'a 
ape«d. It BeetDB V> be forggti«n^or at, tenat ignored — that the 
CiiiiardeiB bavQ a delay at Qdeflnstown. wbilet wwtiag for Lbe 
mula, and that this dulay esablee them to Ikt-tDg Uttera written 
np to the cloaa of Satunfaj u hnsiaeFB in Loadoa, whiltt thair 
rivals cocQot 'Carry Qnytbing later than Fridaj'a maila. Thia ia 
a point wbich aunt b»of *e[7 gr«a(i value to oommcrtial meo. 
Bot it ij cunsintentlj GDppre«Bed by tboie who maintain Ifae 
protcit 8gB,inflb tbe DoUooot British boctoma fotBritielnmaila. 
•• FalrpUy '' 

ia alwaya amoalDg— even in it« miitakea. Liverpool ia the 
middle of May loeltnn prom inaot men from lis pnhlic Itfa. One 
wa« Mr. C^roe, the well-kaown and respected conaul tor Deo- 
mark. Tbe otiier was Mr. Taylor, the head li the sbippin^ de- 
pftrtmeQt of Meaara. I'atiBjJuiiii'a £rm. Fairplay nutea thQ lo<iH 
of Ur. Taylor, meDtionB thai ha was with Means. I'ii,pH,ynDpi'», 
aodapealu of him as "Consul for DsDioarlc.'' He was aothiD^i 
oC the kind. Mr. Coroe was the Cooaal. The two men had 
Dotbing ID cuicLnoa aavs the^raat reapeot in wliich they wen 
held, and the fact that their deaths ci^cDrred almost airoulCaaa- 
□caly, ftad weiG both entirely Dneippcted. 1 am aarry to have 
tonote tbfl doatbaof two well-known merahant oapt»iae. One 
waa Captain Edward Forteri of tbe African Line, aind the other 
Oa|itaiii Oarlin^. The latbnr wa* one of (bfr old ooDimaDders af 
thaP. SiO. Company. 

Of tbo old Bolyhead HbII Boftts 

only cite is now left. Tbe Mwi^lrr is ropo.rted aold to Liver- 
pcol ahicibrtaken, I had already mentioned the failure te run 
hac KBd DOT BJatere in tha Isle of Manierrica. It wiitild appear 
that aha was no better suited for tha .North Whiles trilH.v eo 
aoly one of these wond>Brful old abipa remains in this market. 

k Hew Vhlte Btar Steamer 

urlred at Uverpool ua tha liTlli May, b&Ting left ijneen's 
latatul the prefiona day. This wua the oarga ressal Iie'iiliic. 
She i« dMign^d for thooarjii^ »eivice of tbe Kew Zeulanl trode 
«r)i«T« other vaaMla of the line run iu ooojoootion with Ihoae ot 
^■A Shaw. SuTill, and Albion Coitipany. Of tbege the 7>rl^'itc' 
will be oonjidarahly the largBHt, for she eurpaasM In »ite bv«d 
Uis (Jelhic. tJDt sbe ia not a wbbsI of the Oolkir'i claa°. She 
will oarry nc hb)ix)o paiHeng-era. thoagb. if oocaiiou deniaDda il, 
■ha will Bccommciilalei hirge nnmbera of emi^rB.ata or troopti. 
The befit deBcripLiun uf h«r may be surnmed up in the remark 
iLat sbe ia a Cai-. 'nith Inr^er refrif^erating' chambers. That ia 
to ea.y, >l>« ra«enibt<a tbe isfg^r clnae of car^o Tead»1evith which 
tbe WUta Star Campany bae done eo well on the Atlautle. fl«r 
git)** tOtacatte it 8,273 t6Di, and aba ielllted.otoonne, with twin 
•crma, uid tciplB-e^panaion euginoa. Means, naalam's, of 



Derby, are responeible for her rerriice'iating iDatallation. and tAie 
maKoitude of the talk they undertook cau be gatbervd from the 
fnot that ebe has accommodation for no laaa tban SO.OOO camaaoa 
of Is'ew Zealand mnttoo. The lessel ia 'commanJ.ed by Capt*in 
Banders. Shi ia not yet nanouooed as ^aiHog for the Kew- 
2Sea!Aad Liaie ; (or tbe^ New York trade ip at preaeut ■» brisk 
that Dot only are tha larjce twin-Bc(ew boats uf ifae Itna sailing 
regnlarly evetj Friday, hot the lyeiphic and the old Cii/ic lira to 
be employed in aOotding extra Bailinj^B on TneEdaya, 

The Weat India end PaolRc Stesmshlp Coapuiy 

are keeping their two hiff atijemera well employed. I mentioned 
last month that the Eiiri'P''''n was under irfaarter lo the Cnion 
Company. She sailed from Cardiff with a cargo of no less than 
11,000 (one. This consiaicd of railway iron for DelB,goa Bay. 
Now it ia announced that ber sister, the .li'iericaH, ie alio bonnd 
to Sontb AfriDB. Bat uhe efBrlrd from New York. She has a 
Kcnorol oeirga of a rery mrsoellanctiuB oharni;t<}i and of about 
1,000 tone mere weight thnu ibat wbich th^ Bnrfpettn loaded, 
I'^e value is Baid lr> nmonEit to .i'40n,(]0ll, and to b^ i-ODBigoed by 
no lees than three thoHBand ehippoti:. 

The ttlnoo of Hodsco 

ie well known for the iptwrst he bpa tnken, and for the time 
and nioney he 1>bb spent for the eiploratioii of graa.t m-b Jeptha. 
He is now giving his attisiitioa to a matter nltieb will •mort 
directly appeal to those wha go doan to the sen iu ships and are 
BnbJFVt to tha risks of n aeafaring life, it will be ntniembered 
that alter tb* foauderinK al the Compagnie Gvncralfl'a iU-faied 
ffteamsT, tbe Vtilt de S. A'li.-iiirf, her sarTiTing boats ware drift- 
ing about off the American coast for some dBVR, what limo those 
whom they cootnined BU«taii>ed moat cruel aaSeriujja. One of 
the bosita' crews raported, that wfaiUt tbey were »o driftifig, 
they were pnased hy a, oargo atBanor, whiah iguortd their 
"ignAll-- Thia matter baa been Timorously 'akeQ np by the 
Priooe, wbo has olTareil a subilantial rewarit to anyons wbo 
oan givs information wbich will lead to tha identilicatiDD oft^e 
TeBsel. 

Tbore CBO be no two apiuiona at to tliu importAnoe of thia 
matter. Nor can there be any sympathy with the craw of a 
reuel which paaaea by on tbo other side when f«lJ«w seamen 
ate seen iu din'rets. There are oertBin claasea of people wbo ate 
only kept right by tbe fear of beiag eeen to do wiOng. If 
aaah a.i these £□(! that thay ran be identified and exposed when 
they orade the cuUb of bomanity on the high stsas, they will 
not only renp the expoaure they deserva, but a very ealulary 
leeson will be taught to otbera, namely : that in cese (hey 
offend in a tilte fashion, they wiEl mo a great cbance ot haTing 
their inhumoaity poblished to the world.. 
RepAira &t Sea. 

Some few months ago I disonBBrd tbe skill and peTeevarnn^re 
of the engineera of a big steamer who maongcd, in ibe i^tmrte 
of a trip aotoBB the Paaific, to fit anew propeller. A similar 
feat baa now boeo pfrformed in tha ni*r« alofpiy wstera of ll« 
Atlantic by the engineeiH of the S.S. TtHoftrt, of fodderlaMd. 
TbiB TesBel ie a st«el serew ateumer, htiilt acme ioar yeara a§;o at 
her po^t of rc^iBlty by Meesre. Short Bros. She ia 351 ft. long 
and has a gtoaa r&^iatry ofS.lHi tone, and ba» enginea of rgry 
cocBideraMo' slxe and power. Khe left St. Vincent for .i Teian 
port on tbe 11th April, 1S97, and, beinj; OTerdne, oauied coa- 
sidertiblo oniiety lo those interealed. The fact, boweTor. wm 
that in mid Atlantic ehe loet the tail of her abaft and with it tbe 
propeller. Uer eniitnea were tlins, uf cnurao, rendered iiN^lesa. 
But thoae onboard were eqaal to the omtrgeiicy. Th«y deprf sled 
tbe bow and e]eVB.I«d tbe Bt«m by shifting weights so aa To 
enabla a spire shaft and Korew to be litiei) at aca, aud aftpr 
ibe delay iiflceasary for so heavy a job Co be apcnmptiaheduudpt 
Kuch difficult couditioDS, she re«.uniGd ter voyage jind nude her 
port in safely. It is mucb to bo hoped that the owners and 
nndcrwtitera concerned, will take n>i>a*ute» to recognise iha 
labours and iogeniuty of those who served them ma faitbfQlly 

TendflPB for TraoBpoFtt 
were, as uatial. requeatftd by the Admiralty in May for ibe con- 
veyance of tbe indiAQ rrliets during the coming iFf^soe- TIm 
conditionB which have prevailed in thtM cnnti^Cta sia*» the 
withdrawaJ of tbo old Ir.iiifln ircopert ■"■■re BgaiTi repeated, and 
itwBB stated (hal lour vpsielfl, eimilnf in ai/e and characlpr to 
tboae recanlly Amplojel, wciild be rsquirod tor thia leaiOB. 
OoBmay well Bflpposathit the veBseli which bavofo flncce»a- 



88 



THE MABINE ENQINEEB. 



[June 1, 1897. 



I w 



, Jit 



riillf Quried CD tbe BernQa will hara the fir»t olaCm on llie 
0<]verDnieiit< ftnil that the oaatroot will bo agu'ia bUoCUh] to 
the Teue-U of tlie P. i: O. Md Bribiah Indian CompsoieB. 

StrADdlngi In the Red Sea. 
T)ie qaeatioii of the evident li^bximg of the tted Sea ii amattsr 
of very ^ivat mumetit,. nhea wfr reg'ard the enormouB amoont of 
die best Biibiah il«am toan&ge which is coaitanttj trbTersing its 
WRtera, AtteatloD maj therefore verj niefall? be c«lle<l to a 
Failiamentarj pnper jait published wiLb reEBr-auce to tlie 
qneetion. Jl reLom it msde of tha British ebioB HtrAn-ded in 
tbei& WBtsre Fine's 1^81, abd (all pftrtioiilara of tlie cirOoin- 
Stan<»e B.Dd of the dnmB^s nnBtaiaed In each casualty in ^T«n as 
w^|] AS acme rsDnarkB to ehaw the Btutistieal v'slae of '«acli oa.ar. 
Than in BD Bppepdii ara given paprinta of tha iDquiiiee wliicb 
ireie held into Bome of the mare importaat caiaaltiea. Alto- 
gelher Gb cHseB ore iDOladed in ihe rctnro, hot ddIj two of theco 
invalTed total \oaa of the feasal, thua^b, in Nome ctues, ferj 
■eriooa d»inage nas anHbaklned before (he Teeael oame oS. 

PBlim lalftlld Be«m» to hkra had the lign'a Hhatio of dJBMter*. 

'i'Lla, is perWps pet to be wooderad at coii«iderii]j3' iu jioaitioii ax 
Uie HI oath of tb^ Straiti. Id tun of The esilf inquirir# fantt 
wan foand witb tlie tigbtfl over ObBtrnctiOti Point, Parjmlalaud, 
and in coDBequeaM of this lli« Indian Govemment took maasurwi 
to have ibe Hglit improiod. Sareral of the BLnindiiigs were 

lloged to ba*a ocourred tbrougb the fact ihut lomp of the 
(lys nere otit of Ibeir proper poaitiung. On Lht' nhola it would 

,p|iear that ii>erc ii uo (ire&t iKd for atif fuHbeir }i;2}it««ii These 
^Tftt^tB. I^Llt V^il^ it is iD(!^unibejit on thoH» who ^m re.BpoDiibl^ 
for the BtLTTsjiDi; and baayiAt; of thiH dbngaroDB D(-ifhl>6D^))«tid 
ti] ha cBateleai in their Tigilanee, it ie Fqaedlf impaitdut fer 
mnBlers ann deck officors to uaviirato with sitrome -PBTe and cot 
to ntfleai tbe nae of the lead. From neglact of this preoaaCion 
and oTsr-coD'ndence faara atiBen more of tha casualtiei 
under diBaaiBion IIibq from an; other soarce. 

Plymouth 
I'ljDDoaili seema to suit the North Gemaa Llojd people verj 
wall. inapiteoE the faot that the port c«iir not ret ofl'er tliebtat 

XQ train faoOitio^ which are to be E^un^j Fof ijQ'fLn paBaeDgara 
both »t Soqthaiii][>'tOQ and Liverpool, SiiQtihatnptOD, bj the wa^, 
had tiow, owitig to a retient indioial deciiion,. the bcpe of seeing 
at ita part the umli(r- colon red coaohea of tlie iireat Weetern 
Itftilway. This nwlter may be a sabject of graat rpjoicing for 
ttouthaDiptOB itaelf, bat it nill not beaarijoally pleajiUDt |iroB- 
peut fur the South fVeatsm llailmy, nbioh la indeed the maker 
4 the part- 
There t-eema ]ittl« doubt that the port of Plrmcmtb will dow 
>B improved for tha be^ofl,t of Miaiitio trxvellere, sui tha 
nimoQr tbet Cunard'B are ^>ug IhithAr is n.^'uin revived and 
r«peat«d with ««rne peraistetif^]'. 1 do Dot think thet« is much 
likelihood that Cunaid'e will ever desert their native port 
altogether, nor do I thick that thoy will detaab auy of tlieir 
fleet JQBt et preaent. But 1 ahontd not be gurpriied if a 
JitUe iHter on v/e were to oee the red and blaak fannela in 
.e BoDDd oocaELDDtJlj. 

The Horth fiormBn Lloyd Conipaiiy 

has certfiinlf doner well iu its move ut derelopLu g the Genoa 

and Kew Yorlt trade. The jear ISyC ««» not a grod jear for 

the Dutwnril paeeengsT trade. The totiLl of paueu^ors cnrri'fid 

hy tho BreiofQ boats to tha woBtward ihowed a diniDation of 

rnrly O.OOO pprHOnii over the tolel of the previousjear. But 

' o (~«DOB Lioe gliowod Hn iupreaBP of eome 5,00(1 for the same 

luriud in ilie aamO' direction. Tbu.8 not ou]f iraa the grand 

'a1 of the two lioca almost maintained, bat the RtreoRth of the 

w oflahoot wait abnudaiitiy proved. (If 33,000 paascn^ers 

ncnl by the Bimu«n Lioe in ISS^u, Lliedecreai^ wsa ct nioifl 

inn 11 p«re*Et. But on tha ln,42tj vnrrt«d from tlpnon in 18U5 

leiocreiwie wfi4 not leaa thitn ^lu per otnt. 

The Conip&gnle Oenarale TraDBatlaatlqae 

tioint out that it ii inturrf'Tti} rCttted Ihut they haw rocnuTcd the 
ii-.rr'it drniiKlil ji'iftDgf meuti t'Orn their liuest nnd inati?st ship, 
T-iiiaiirc. Th^y iuJnjit tljat in ih^ir e^irly ( i|jerieiJfO with 
r th*r« were ditticolti^B »«nl wme tronhU', Uit thtt bn*- ni' b^va 

'*;ti:tintVf and i\t present ahc ii lir fnzalar worlf with h«rfi^rc«cl 
vt'K*il ftod no cronbla ia eTperienrod wiLh it. There can He no 
iiilit thai, wLen llie idpa o( fortjed drau([ht wiM first Irwd snd 
fouail eifectit'e, it wsa pretnd too far, and ciinBed ico^ioac near 
null (»iir of bollvra, and that inany fuiiures (jconrrrd In conee- 
qitouci But this ia tbe coiddiod eiperioocc, it tulc'-i lime to 



ahow the true valanorany iuT«ntioiL afld to di«corar the limita 
of its lUetuliiaBB, Now it is rooog^iaed tbnt tha excesBire nss of 
the hiKb air prea9ar« ought not tqt be mMiitiu'ied, B<lt wilb 
moderate nae no one can deny that for merobngt vbip' it if Vary 
beneSaial, 

Holyhe&d Harbour. 

It ie annonncad that U'o (iovernment is about to apend a oon- 
siderable auin o( tnoDey on Holyhead Harbour. P»rt of thit will 
be 'eipendod a>i> icnpcoT^meiita nBceBeitated by the employment 

Cif new tnail boati. Tbeao peem on tb« whale eatiafaotorf- 
DetailBBritO tb«ir perform ancea do not c.>oina forward., but I 
□otioe that the despatch Of mails from iJaeenBtowo by the Wb't > 
Star and Cunnrd atenmerB ia generally aboat an hour eariier 
than it was when the old boata were ruauinj;. Some of this 
ahartening of tbe time ot tranait tnoBt, of oourBe. be eredited to 
tho iDiproTed Innd aervioe ofthe London and North- WeBtem Rail- 
way, who have now [adniiitBil third-olaBS pasBensers to theM 
■caelerated trains, and, whilst abolithjag eipms farea, of!ei«d 
apeoial indutromcQta to piiiiaengvra to ^ee the leoQntly neKtocted 
aeeood hUbb. EleBideg the eipendititrB on the nosil aoqoinmOda- 
Cion at Eolybend there in, at iBBt, to be a move towards the 
Hbolition of tha PlaiterB Sock, wbiah for bo many joara has da- 
trooted firom. the advontagea won by former iroprorementi of 
tbiB port. 

Ed loterDKtioiia] ConrteBy. 

The H&iubnrg.i-merioBD liuar ^r.iiJju Btr^uded nt Cape Ray 
on her eoBtward voyage on the 16th May and for a tltue w&t is 
a very aeriaus pusitian, pounding heavily and makinC watar. 
But on the 23rd she waa towed off by Her Britutniu MajABty'S 
warehipw Cordelia, Jtuizard and reCican, aud placed in a position 
of oomparatiro a^ety. 

Tilt Hlp^en Tnaeo Kalihft. 

&B I have already atated in this oalumn, £■ bnildins a Qeet of a 
doian firat-i'la^B twiu-iorew Hteamer^ lO this caantry. Some of 
them aro alrenidy at work and oChera are in various atagas of 
oonstxootion. Bnt the rompany is not aatiaried. It baa order«it 
three more reaevla of ibe ^Bama high clasa from Mesara, Hobort 
Kapier .& Sooa, of G)laa({aw, who have bwn one of the fint to 
bring Onb [he VABjels ordered uader Ibe last aet of QontFBGta. 
It it obrio^B that the Japancae Mail Line wilt be a very foruid- 
able oompetitor in the trade between Enrope and the Far Eait. 

The Canadian Atlantlo BerylGc. 

It is bow officially a&taonnoed that the Qoloqial Office Ibas 
approved the provislDiial oontraot for the fait Atlantic feerviM 
between. Cud adian ports and tha mailer oountiy entered into 
with Meaart. P«tart«ii Tate A Co.. of Newoaatle. It woold 
appear that the n>ntraotorB are to reoeive not only the half- 
milliou doila-rB per annnm from thoCotoniat Gorerument, bnt alto 
another quarter of a milliao doIUra from the liome {lOvemmeDt. 
They will thus haTO a suhsiily of ,t!IS0:O0O atorllng per annnm. 
The bope it eipfaaaed that within two yvsTB there >vill be a 
weekly fast aervioa running. It remains to tie aagu what tbi 
existing linsB will do in the meanwhila. They htir^e the eott- 
neotien nnd eilBtiog fleeta, and those who have been the 
pioaeers in the trade will hardly ait down to aee the boaineM 
they have got together swept away by a new>oomer. 

The North Oerman Lloyd Flyer, 

From the a^nta of this onmpany I hare reoeived Borne illoi- 
tratioDsaiid plana of their naw steamer the. Sairer If'illiehn litr 
Ori'Me, which waa launched on the 3rd of Mb,v at the works ol 
the Vulcan Compaay, nb Btettin, in the preaenoe of the German 
Emperor- The vet^al'^ diai^naiona are-— fi{*l ft, over bU, with a 

beau of G6 ft,, and a ^ilupth from, her upper deck ^ 43 ft. 'ihe 
Tiiui.t was good enough tagii/a h<^r depth aa her draught. If tbt 
"ThUDderer'a"piirrp«pondent bad been oorreet it would bare been 
diffieelt for her to find u port or a dook in th« world. Sha ia 
fittin.g with triple-eipaution entnoea. driving twin screRB. and 
deeigned to develop 2J^,000 H.l". This ja eiiiDctad to t-ive her a 
epeed of S£ knots ut »t>a. tiuch apfied. it realised, will make her 
a faater ri^Agel thaa either tbo Liimiiia or Cawiianiti. w)irch 
vcpselp, lliiitiuli they h»v? Wen wilhin a very small decimnl 
frafliOu of thatapeed, Imva never yet mHintaiDed it tlixough the 
whole ct any paseaf^H. The Knitcr WUIit'lai flci- Cron,' jg of aboOt 
fourteen Ihougai^d tans ^rois register, or Pomethinp like ft 
tbooBand tuna greater than the CuQardi^ra. She is to he bri^- 
ri.ggi<d and fitted with foor funnebi. Tbesa are not pia'^ed at 
e-|uat diatauuea, hut are arTtDge 1 in two groaps of two. Tbia ia 



I 



I 

1 

I 

4 



4 



Jane 1, 1897,] 



THE itABINE ENGINEEE. 



89 



|Mrh*pB aOt qnits bba moBt aiglit'y Brr^ngament. But it i« one 
%hieh Uauiij d«fftDiibleio pivu^TigeM, for it allows tha maia 
•ftloon to bs piMMd batweeo ibe aaoond and third tuunals, or aa 
■BRrljr u poMibls Kmidahipa. This is ib« potLtion it Ibai bod 
in tb» Ttaiouie mnd her aiiter tint, and, more recaati;. in the 
ftimpatiiii Knd Lutania. and it iithKtiwhiab ia aertaiiilj the moat 
«Dinfa>itabla. 

Id tb« iMw Tesaal than are fonr paMeDKcr dlecV*. Od tbe 
Ipw«r daok thmi are 4 pumbor of BtBte-roomB aft, On t^i deck 
above tbnr« ar* jaotd ktute-rouma aft and u Daraarj. Fomard of 

'Oiia comM ttia aecond-cUii stLloon eit«Ddi[iK t^<> wbole breadth 
of tliti ihip. Tbieo a Dumber of ship's oftiaea, tbe mtL^faiueFy 
«paot< and tbe aooO'mmodatioQ for ttaa engiDeerinR- atafi', and ho 
M tbe pantrj. nhioh kdjoioe the maio ulooa. Tbia ia bd jLpKrt- 
ment of upwBtda of lOU ft. iu length. It ia a^proatitaed 
bjaoompHtiOD,ifb.ich eiteoda intoLbe eatoon itself in ibe fMhion 
WV ba*o Been in tbe former ve^^^els of tha liav. Tbere are tVee 
taaia fore- to'i aft dinipg l«)>led, and a large namber of amalkr 



BROOKE'S PATENT STEAM DBYEB AND 
P0BIFIEE. 



MUCH atbenliioa has been paid oF late ye&ie to tbe 
questioQ of the dry^iesB of steam vary mate- 
rially atfecting its efficieccy as a motive fluid ia the 
ordinary exp&naioa eagine of to-day. Not only from 
an economical standpoint ia it neceHsarj to have dry 
steam, hut also from the point of view of safety ; thera 
can be few en^iiiears who bSiVe cot had eoiUQ actual 
experience of the m,i8chief which is wrought by watec 
mixed with steam. This fact has become mora pro- 
nounced of late yeara on account of the much higher 
piatoQ Bffled that has been adopted in engmes, by 




Fio 



tabln p1ao«d atliwart-abij) in ■loor'.^. Farnari t|[UD are bUli> 
rooms for both saxea, &□! tbao ^aMher nursary, nvAt state-rooma 
•onomdioK iti No-ao of the paSiBeni^ecaccomtiioiIatioD on thin, oc 
Ml ^ other d«ck eiteodg forward of the p'jfliliaD of the bridjw- 
Tha U pp6t deck hiW3 a vary l&rge cumljor of fint-clasi ftat^-roOma 
amidBbiDH, and Ba«o«d'i'l«iii rDiiimg A^aia &tt wibh tlia Mcond- 
olaai ludiM room. Ou the ptduiGnade dMk iillie< 8e«i)rid-r>l«aa 
•moke-room nearly atc, Soma diet^nra forward of tbi< ia a deolt- 
hoiiss with BAQie of tbe boat deck cabins, and fnrwnrd aifiin tba 
larffi? amoke-rooto of tbe ealoon ^Mflengera Tadnr the hrid)^ 
la A leadtajf-room, and abiiTt tbii tbn finest Hniti;!i of ajxirtmeiilo 
ia tli» abifj. Above tlie promcmido dei^lc is u boat declti and 
tAote all tow^n tha bridae. Tbj vet'ee'l hni a rsrj Ioqk '.uctlu 
buJt forwar<l, oil^pdinR ita protection Li tbe lo"t. of thf bridg*", 
ThU ii of c»ni4a adviaabia iu vi tsr of the 8p«ed for ffhkli sbo ia 
daalgned. Tbo detail* 1 have ei?en Br« taw and impcrlBcI, ns 1 
wt% not. of ooors^, bnd ilie adviintiiofl tit aseinK tbe leaasl. but 
I hopa in a future iaaua lo add to tbem and to coiract aoy 
faMWunciea Ihey maj Uualao. 



which the water has not tim€ lo get away ia time to 
prevent damage occurring. It is an equalSy recognisecl 
fact that the reaeou that wet ataam will lower ths 
economy and generally destroy the efficiency of an 
otherwise high-clasa plant is that the conductivity in 
pipes aad cylinders is greatly increased by tha 
presence of moisture in tbem, due to the fact that wet 
eteam is a. good conductor of heat, while dry steam ia 
an equally good non-conductor. 

We have pleasure in describing and illustrating in the 
adjoiningdiagranis, Brooke'a patent steam drjer and 
pariBer, manufactured by Measra. Holdeo & Brooke, 
uf Sirius Works, West Goiton, Manchester. Fig. 1 
represonts an outBido view o£ the device. Fifi. 2 ia iw 
lonfiitudinal vertical section cf the aame, Fig. 3 is a 
Bectioual plan of the lower part of the body, aod 



THE MAKINE ENGINEEH. 



[Juno 1, 1897. 



Fig. 4 ia a view of v&rioas parts of the device detached 
iFom one another. 

The eaaentia-l features cf a perfect aeparator are 
that tbe steam should pass through the device quite 
UDobstructed, that its velociby duriog aach ]iBE8ag'e 
■bould bs reduced, aod that the direcMOQ of the Bteam 
Bfaould be changed without the intervention of any 
mechanical obatiuctioo. It. is claimed that Ln 



anntdar apace B, and thence through the other alofe*] 
into the central pasBage C to the Bteain pipe. ij 

In doing this it -will be uoticed that the steam if '< 
made to greatly lessen its -velocity, to continually 
travel in a circular coiirse, and to change its direotioa, 
of movement twice, The invariable tendency of all 
moving particles beingto travel in a straight lineooly^ 
it follows that even ahonld any particle of water, greaae. 




Fio, 3. 



t Id. a. 



Brooke's system alt these factors are combined, the 
urea (biouighotit the appar^tuB being greatly Id exosas 
of that of the steam pipe. 

It will be aeen from the illustrations that the 
device (oneiets of a casting inserted into the line of 
the steam pipe, and having a downwardly extending 
chamber or body, within which two sets of cylindrical 
valla are arranged one within the other, concentrically 
to each O'ther and to the body of the device. Hach of 
these walls has a vertical alot or passage, the slot of one 
being arranged on the opposite side to the slot of the 
other. The upper part of the casting carries internally, 
a seating dividing the inlet orifice from the outletorifice. 
Upon this sealing the crlindricKl walls are supported 
by a bolt passing centrally downward, ciaiiiping thein 
between an end plate and the seating'; the ends 
niFrely abutting against their aupports, an absolut^y 
tight joint being unnecesBary. 

The eteam enters at A and passes round the outer 
annular space, then through the alcL round tho inner 



grit, Ac, on entering the dryer jretain velocity onough 
to "huBtla" round the first curve, it would be a 
practical inipossibility for it to " double " on itself and 
get round the second. Therefore, whatever particlea 




fia. 4. 

enter the dryer they are unable to follow the circular 
, CO Ursa traversed by the steam, thoy lose their mo- 
mentum, especially as the veJocity of the steam which 



June 1, 1897.} 



THE MAEINE EXOIKEEBj 



SI 



gives them tbeir motioo is reduced, and they ar^ cod- 
B^oentlj' compelled to dr&p oot of the current and 
fall to the bottom of the device. The deposited w&ter, 
Ac, p&sseB away by tha pipe D^ wbich may lead to 
any suitabta cock or trap, or under suitable circum- 
fll&Dces to the boiler iteell, 

Tho simplicity of constiructioii of the ddvica is 
well axemplifiad in Fig. 4, io which tho various parte 
of the deyjce are shown dia&ssociated from oae aaother 
ready to be aaaeinbied into tbeir coniplete form. 

Messrs. Hoiden & Brooke manuf&ctara au anti- 
primoT OQ a similar principle, which is Sited direct oa 
the boiler, and nhich separatea aoy priming water 
c&rrifid up by tbe steaiu, and returns it to tba boiler. 

By the use of theae devices fitted to the boiler oc 
io the steam pip« dose to the engine, the supply of 
dry steam to the latter can be absolutely aaaured, 
and tbe accoinpsaying advantaj^s giving hi^h 
•«fficieD«y of the motive duid be obt&Iaed. 



THE BOVAL ViaiT TO SHEFFIELD. 



MES8BB. OAMM F.LL A CO.. LIMITED, liava boen. honoured 
by a, viiiit of Her Majoaty to their Cyelaps WoeIb at Shef- 
field. BR Bb» had expresBed a. wish La aeo her atordy toiltr.g Bub- 
jectB at wgrk. on tbe pioduobioji and railing of as armour pl&te. 
Tha Queen's route to the Cyolcjis WocIib mnat have given 
Bi?r Uftj«etf a vory graphic and oo^el view ot the iuJaatriBl 
^nartepof & majiaf&otiiriia^ (ova. ^fid %h6 Avtizabe' lAbourerB 
with tbeir famiiise who toil And Iiv« th.er«, though, a! coarftc. 
the route had be«ii except ion ally beaDtilied for bee pasHage by 
flxteasive decorations. NeedlaB« tu say, the reneption ot the 
^aeec by tbo masBes ot Kh%! m^rkiuK claiMi was marked by aa 
eB«rgyoI eathusiaBiii rendered all tho more at«iiloriikii by tbe 
hiurdy %B^ latwrign^ character oC llie crowd. 

Id Usaara. CamueU A: Ci>.*a worki aIoo dtioorallve art bad 
'bMn oallod in to render it mar« beautiful. Tb« entranoe to tbe 
department oaaLaiDiiig the armour plate turnaae bad been 
'tranafarmi'd into a g^irdun moBb piotaresi]De with its tlowecs, 
Tiiies, Bud Qrs. 

Tbe iload nsari^Bt th« dnis was occapied by tlie (oUawias.— 
Vajor and Urg, A-qIoq, tbe DucfaoBB of £iicHvncb, C^ptua and 
Hra. Boyuton. Mcb. Herbert Bramlei-, Coloue! and Ura. 
Broolta, »ha Mistress Cutler, Mr. and Slra. Charles Camiuell. 
Mi, B.u.i Mrs. O. H. Lammell. MtB. Vt'. E. ClesK, Sir Herbert 
Croft. Bart.. Colonel tbe Viscount Downe. CLE., Mr. aaJHiH. 
.Duffield, Lieot .-Colonel tbe Iloa. C. JJotton. tbe Yph, Arth- 
Eyre, M.d.., the Earl Fit/.miniaoa and laoiUy. and Lady 
FAlioe F(t.iwillL&m, Ura. G. Franklin, Viscount and 
TiMonateaa Galway, Mr, 9. W. Jobnaun. Derby, Mr. and 
Mrs. T. W. Jeffcock. Mr. A. G. Lanffden, Majorthe Hon. 0. V. 
and Mrs. Lamley. tbe H-oa. Mre. and MtaseH UauIngajL, jMr. and 
Mra. P. Hodgea. Mr, W. L, Huglisioo. Derby: Mr. and Miss 
i^ltundeJIa, General and ^ra. Thyniie, Mr. &amu>:l Oatea., tbo 
~^iike and Ducbean of Portla^id. Lie at, Colon el W. I'otlitt, 
Doheeter ; Captitiii Harry E'pllitti Maai^h«eter; Msjor- 
GenerHkl and Mrs. T. I'hillipa, Mr. and Mrs. SamuHl Robert*, 
Captain and Mrs. RaftB«II, Ura. Anson I'arraraiLd aieter. iHn, 
C. T. Skellon, Colonel and tha Uiaaee Sidebottom, Iiivdy 
Vincant. Sir William and Lady White. Mr. F. C. Wild, Sir 
"Henry and Wins WaE*on, and a frion-d, Mrs. and the Miaaea 
J, R. Stuart Warlley. Mr. [iiid Mra. (J. Macro Wilaon. «!'aptaiu 
od Mra. Stuatt IVorllfly, the Earl and Coqntesi Wharncli ITp: . 
The Qaean Wm cOndiicted to * d*ia anrrouiidBd by a trowd o( 
invited gneata. tbe Mayor and Uayoreev. thu Dnka ot Norfolk 
and Lady Mary Hawarcj. Sir Henry Wateoii. chairman of ibe 
oompnuy, Mr. dlexaoder WilBon, ' managing director, and 
"" -9. A, Wiltian Tbe 0|jeiratiU!iB wereihen at onoe comoieuced 
a fttalT ot IJO fiu-iiucc-insD, dir&cted by Ur. Strin^fer, the 
^ IT* 1*6?" Qt tb-B fnruaa^.platii luiU . 

The plate, whifb hud been in the furnace 111 boors. weiaLed 
in the ron^b 3.') tons. It haiJ been radticed from liie in);;ot by 
lenormouB ■),IM>0 tons hydraiilij: forging preea, which Mesara. 
~aoietl it Co. irer« t-hc- firrii to inlrodoot- iato England, and 
I is one ol the moal povertul maohinea of it> kmdinezist* 



At tbe proper moment tbo fumaoe doors wore lifted, a^d tba . 
intent baat and vivid j[lare ware cast npon an aesembly switch 
na mar never be aeeu again in aaoh oircumatances. Tbe f^uaen 
and Princese Christian narrowly vatcbed the riperaiiooa 
tbroUiljli uolonred lilaB^^sa, wbilat the gigantic iniB>9 ot tacaa- 

dafi4^Dt infitu.1 Waft eeif'.&d by tbe gig^ntio ptncere and pluteJ 04 

tbe trolley, and Crom tbeuce toi tbe rolla. vhere it wai roll»d 
down to the finiBhed size of plate. 13 [t. >■< In. by 7 It. )! in. widtli 
and VJ io. in thiokneaa, , .' 

rbia completed tho procase aa watcbed by Her Majesty, u 
ber time va^ hmueJ, and tbe shortly departed tvilh KrAoioni ' 
adieu.\ to bet hosts, by the island platforni, 

Measri. Caoiniell t C*>- arerecoicni^ed aa being the loading' 
firm in the produplion of all kind* oJ Sieraens- Martin, ae 
Beaaemer ingots. [lUtea. or torgingB. and tbe lar^>it mannlao- 
ln.rerB of arinotir plates, either io acee). Harveyed eceel. or any 
deaired form of material. 

They employ now in their varlonaworka and in their (^oUisriW ' 
Kbtmt IOiOi"> inen, and. the organization and contiol ot euob a 
va»t pradaotive^otuid'Uii.tty ntuat 1)e a gr^tt taic Qpoa tbe abla 
muna^-ira and directora. 

In tlie Cyclops Worha. besides the heavy plate prodaotioD, 
tbere are macnlaoturorl bIbd other articlea pertaining to tbe 
Sheffield trade, sacb as axles and lorgingx Tor looDuiolivaa. oaat 
HUiet forall eogineerinK purpoBea, filoa. tisb-platoa, and othar 
deecripiione «f t^ols. At the Grimeatborpa Worka forgiaga for 
OrdaaDCt}, fiheUa, tyrSH, Bprin.);«,aiid butfers ate produaed, whilai 
at ihe Derwent works, in Cnmb^riand. the company hafA 
probably the fineat plant for producLn^ steal rails extaot. 

The fltni have reoaived orders from. Ibe Lords of tbe 
AdmiraUy for nrmouf for 1-22 Bhipa ol Har Majaaty's Kavy, 
those DOW being manufactured boinij for the Ocenii, liUi'-g, 
Jll/4"", GvliaO', and C(inp;"i'> 



THE MACHINE X-ABOtTR QUESTION IN 
THE ENGINEERING TRADES. 

IN llie forly-Usth annml report of the Anmvlgamated iiociety o( 
Ent^eers. jaat icsned to the mambers— which ehowannia- 
creasa ot memberabiiJ on tbe year af f<,^JI . briiijiin^ the total 
membership to 87.43.'), and aa incTeaw in the rosecve fund of 
£93.7iHi, bringing Ilia toiiil aaaetaof the swjiety aploi;30,i,rti<a— 
the general secrt^tary. Mr. fieo. N. Banien. dealn at length wtlh 
the iuip.:.>rtant qaeation of (bc'empljyiuent of skilled Inbouron. 
mncbine to'ila. which jnst now tbrpateas t»i bring »bo3t a 
9«rii>UH struggle in the marine eni!,iiiL'orin^and Atber braiiehaa 
of industry. Mt*. Bunes inircidncBR bis renaarku by raterrinp 
to the atrike at Uoll laat y(.'ar o'/er the rntio;^ of n uiilline 
mnahine, and tiiea proci^eds: — " Our members there otfjectea 
to ihe p1aciD.g of a tow-paid and nn^hkilled man npon (ha 
machine' in tjueatl'iD, and aft'fir a strike exieudicg over four 
nuinthe, and sSBtained with t, aglL-CxAii deternaiuation, ikt 

interest of th« *killefl ongio^frs was iNtnbllBbed. and tbe waga 
paid for operating tha machine raiaed to that i^nrreut in Iba 
trade. Tbe 8Bmi.<^ iine^tion nill doubtJeia liav« to be fou^lht oat 
elne where, and it is ot ihtr atmo!<t i in port a nee tb at we ahoald b* 
clear-headed in regard to LI. tt shootd never be toat eight of 
that tha proportion "C macliine to band work is an iocreasing 
one, and that to loio conirol of tha m&chiae ia to a larffe eittetit 
to los.e contrui of the trade. Machioea are being adapted to a 
wider ran^e of vv.irk. and if ekilled engineera are to retain a 
portion in the trade tbey mnat follow tlie work to the macliine, 
or olhorivLseli.>wi-r wagsB will bopnid. and ni>t»i>dy nil] beaeflh 
ai.'^ept tbe employer, and perbiips l.'i nltiinatel^, the piircliaMr. 
niantly pat. aitab is the pfiiiition, not only ttom tbe point of 
vi«\v ot the engineec, but tfura that of the comoinniLy, iiius- 
mucb aa it ia of pablic importanoe that a biRb fUndard of 
wagos, and tberef'irea hi.gli parebaaHig power, shoald be main- 
tained. Tbi; employer, on the oiber hand, olaims absolnta 
froedoni to eseroiHS authority io the aelootioii and placing and 
paying of workmen, because, be any a. be providra ibu 
maQhi&ey and plant, Sat he (urgett that this f re«doi>i in 1^ 
oonduct ge)>«TiiUy of bnainea-a has long since iMeu tak^n away 
frombiin, and that beta nowonly at liberty to eonducl induatnal 
enterprisit in aecordaooe with public opinion, as embodied in 
ParLiamuntaty enaotment and the pr^sHUreof trades nnioniam. 
Ab a rttiUlt ot th>.-Be hmniiuifiug influences, boars of laliLiat ttara 
been reduce^!, boy labour curtaiUd. inaoliinery fenced, knd 
workshop* uleaoeed— m ^lioct, competition baa been t^rcal it 



92 



THE MABIKE ENGINEEB. 



[June 1, 1897. 



%9 tt higher pUae ivilh immeiiBe frdyftnts^e tc tlie cdmmoiiwM], 
» thkt thf> ^Mplo^ar'a plea ' to do vli&t he Ubes Willi his own ' 
ia Bomewhftt ont of dale, and caimot b« siuluiied. Wu are 
Willing, hovever, to admit thjil in c&rtala dueotiona both 
employer and employed ahould bave fKedom oF action. Our 
Mxneif, for inBtancr, baa never guealioned tbe righba of \ha 
amployer to termisutB <MiDtracta, to select aod ilieorimiDale 
between wotlimen, and to pay Mcordiag to inerLt or bIqII. Bql 
hu Btipa1at«d, and lua a right uj siipnlale, for the obierv- 
lea of a alaodaid or minimDm wnge as a bagiH, And if, aa 
baa Iwen slated by the emplo^vere' oouDcil, the iotiodtic.tion of 
ClachiQLTy }iB« aimpljfled piodnction and widened the ditTi3reiic« 
IkB belweeu tLc ekilt of the maahiDS and the hand operatora, 
t>lli«D tbe wage of the handiuiaflBman ahoald be |irDi>aicio[iately 
''l&oKaaed. The introductioa of machinery increaBea as vte'il 
M Bia){>U:fles prodOatioo, and here SDTely IB sdffioient gtin for 
tli« employer and the purehaMr withaat trenching upon the 



enfoftie with rvgaid to the employ merit of tkiUed labonr on 
waoliifie toole, and the genera) )in|>ieBiJo& ii, that the threatened 
diepnte on the above qaeation ms^ ncnr be regarded as 
praoticaUy at an end, , 



THE L41DLAW, DDHN, GORDON COUPARY'a 
FUHPIMG MACHINERY. 

FOB some years paat the AmericaDS have been 
much to tbe fore with pumping machinery, s-ad 
have pushed their trade in this country to a conBider- 
abl« estent. 
The busiaess in this particol&r cotDmodity here 




FlQ. 1. 



waM of the vorker, ^hoee needs remain tbe same, whether 
(endis^ a machine or QetDghU tool by hsn^. L'pOn tbiH ground 
we baae our claim, bnt coavinced ae 'w^ are that this, like meet 
other queatioDH, mnit altimateTy b« uettled in accord will: the 
oomnion inlercat and believing as we do in the ntteianoe of 
the late l^oid Derby, that, ' tbesraateatof all interoeu is peaoe.' 
W« UOTillJofi to leaV'Plht matter to tfaearbiiranicniaf apmblic 
and impftrtial authority, aided by techoica] knowledge oa euch 
ride. So far we will concedti rather tlinu risk the dieliK^atiiOU iit 
iDdnsIrr, wbi<^}i would aucompany the eUFhing p( contending 
forces, bnt beyood tniB ne cacuot a^d mil not go-" 

Since the above report waa ittoed ibere baa been 
■ fnrther eorreBpondence between ilie Secrelaiy Ueoeral of 
the Amnl^naled Society of EngioaerK. and the Federation of 
EDginoeriiijf Trades Gmptoyers' AaeooiatioDS, which wituld seem 
to indicate (bat the Trade Union Orgaalration doet avt intpod lo 
pAniet in the tpeoial ctnditione the; haTe been attetupting to 



must be such aa to encourage our conainB over the 
water to seek for further extenBion of tr&de^ seeing 
that another Americ&n firm, the L&idlaw, Dunn, 
Gordon Company^, of Cincinnati. Ohio, U.S.A., ate 
intToduciDg to this country their duplex steam piunp- 
ing machinBry. 

yiti illu^traCe m the adjoiiiitig di&gr&mB two of their 
epeciat designs of dupleii pumps, — Fig. 1 repreBenting 
a perspective vie^ of their atanda^ duplex piston 
pump for boiler fe^iding and ;^eneL'al pumping purpoees; 
Fig. 2 representing & longitudinal vertical section of 
the aame through one enigine, and Fig. 3 representing 
ft perspective view of a epecial bigh-preseure water- 
works pump. 



June 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE ENGINEER. 



93 



It is claimed by this American eotnpaay, that as 
th« raealt of a very iride experience in tbie c1&b3 of 
machinery they have been enabled to produce designs 
of pumps which have several notewotthy featurefl- 
The valve gear is ot the simpliest deeoripticn, and cho 
Talve rods and levers are made ol equal lengths 
respectively, and are consequently interchangeable. 
The valve motion is probably the part which iq sub- 
ject to tbo greatest wear and tear ia this class of 
machinery^ and upon ita efficiency depends the proper 
working of the pnmpa. For this reason these punips are 
fitted vith a new type of valve motion con&isting of a 
sliding block in combination with a roller on the valve 
lever, which baa been designed! with a view of getting 
the least friction and consegaently the lougeat wear 
possible. As a matter of experience, it is found to be 



Mesers. Bagsh&we Brothers, of 150, Queen Vietora 
Street, E.C., have been appointed sole ]<)uropeEv.a 
agents for the Laidlavr, Dunn, Gordon Company, and 
they are in a position to state that as the pumpa are 
very Cftrefully manufactured and tested before leaving 
the Tvorka, they are enabled to guarantee the satlBn 
factory working of each pump they supply. 



THE INaTITtrriON OP NAVAL 

ARCHITECTS. 

INTEENATIONAL COSGEBSa OF NAVAL AECH1TECT8 
AND UARIKE ENGINE!):^. 



[T ii our very pleaiuit duty to call tbe atlcnticm ot our 
L reoideri to t.b» bol tb&ttbe Initltation of NaT&l ArohitocW 




Fiu. 2. 



the rule that this motion now wears as long with 
proper care as any other moving part oi the machine. 
It ia mach le&a liable to get out of repair compared 
with ordinary movements, because of its few parts. 

Another special feaLure of these pumps is in the 
'ooDttrQctioD of the water end, which is fitted with 
interchangeable and removabta Itoings. 

These liningB are easily taken out and changed, 
thus mabiDg the life of tbe water end double what it 
wonld be if sohd bored, or brass, or copper lined. 

Tbe linings are so arranged that they are always 
held ^mly in place, and cannot tilt or move in sueh a 
VH OS to pass water from one end to the other. 

The steam and water cylinders ore both bored out 
aithe same time on special machinery, in order to 
prevent tbe chaaeo of imperfect alignmest, and coa- 
ocfjoent heavy friction and wear. 



iat«ii'd toc«te'b»tB tli« GOth year of Out relfm of Eir UttJMty 
tba Queen, by holdia^ an International CongreiB of Nnvn 
AjcbiiectiS and Uuine EogioMra m LondOD ia tb« moDth. of 
Jnly. 

H.H.B. bba Prinoe of WbIm hte jTacioaBlj cooeontetl to 
act aa Hon-Proei^ent of tbie CQHS^nrnf, and nill, id peraoo, open 
Ibo prQceeding* ^t the Imperial iDstitot^, South Kaatiagtan, wo 
TncBdaf, Jul^SCb.atll.ao a.m. Th* Coancil of the EDatitaliaD 
an, wa noderetaiLd, also ncviviog tha meat ra-loable co-op«ni- 
tion trom H.BI. Ouvannnent and from tba Right Tiaa. tbs 
Lord Major of London. 

This meeting! for ih« leading and diacaMJon of papara will 
beheld at tbo lioporial Inatitnte in tw^c- rootna einiaFtaDaonalf. 

Wo iindoistaDd that the Coddfi'I of the laaLiiuiiou hATo cod- 
aid«)ed thia to )>« a fayoqnibl« opportunity <>a wh^cbi t« iarite 
to tiia conntiy the nnmeroiia frien-df of th? logtltutivn iu 

FTaDC« and G«rinaiiij Kbo have, duHoj^T ^^^ I'Bt twO /esra, 

rtoeived tbe memhera with so mattb hn^pttalitj in Paria, Berlia, 
Hambnip and tjtetlin. The Connoil bavaalio iniiLad tbe Uinig. 
tries of Marine ot all lbs priooipal Navftl FoKera of Europe, 
America and tbe Far Cist, to b« repr«aent«d at tbe CongrMB,Bfl 



94 



THE MARINE ENGINEEB. 



[June 1, 1897. 



tr«ll aa tbe AaBocialion TeohnLque MBxitiuB. aii4 the AmMJcan 
S«0Let3' of NbTal ArcbitecU And Marine Bnginaara,. thete b«iag 
bodiee having similar objects to Line Institution ot Naval 
AfcKiiectg. 

We hare been. luformed tfaat the ioTltatioDe bave met iritfa 

wide Sioiwpt'&Dce, Bud tbe m-amber^ ttt^ donbt li^k tvrWKrd to 

wslcoming to this oountrj a krge ntiinb»r of foraigii giW'ibg. 

' Id order t« provide tbe latter with «. fittiog W6tcwak«, a 

numeitme rad repreaaDtiLtlvB Beireipticu Committee \u bMn 



Beoeption at t)i« Uanaion Hanae b; iha Bight Hod. bha Lord 
Major. 

VVkovesdat. Juiii 7t!i.— lOSOtt.m, HeadiDf; and dbcuadon 
or pnperx oL itlia Imperial In Bt it ata, 1.30 p.m. LBnohWn in 
PavilioD at imperial iDstJlate. II iwc«Bmr7 cotitinae p*>p*H 
ad^r liincli«ap. 7 ptn, Inabiinte' dinaer &( tbe King'a Hall. 
Eolbora Raataufant. 10 p.m, Beoeption bj a member of 
tbe Gaffe mjnent. 

Tht.'1ibdav, July 8tti-— 10.15 a.m. EicanioD by gteamfir 
from WeBtminpWF Stairs to the n'ower Brid^ and IiOudoD 
Docks. LaocitBOii at the Bafat Albert Dock, fallaned by a vialt 
tuthe Tbamps intttworka. 9. SO p.m. FeBliTal roDaert at tbe 
Queen's Ball. Langham riooe. tollowed bj a aapp«r. 

The InteDtioD is to ebon a-t tbia i^>Q.cett vrbat cao bA dene 
bj escSasiTely Britigb perFiOHnei^' Tlie oroheatra will h« eotn- 
poBed oE ilij (laet iind pwaent m»mbo™ of ii« Kofftl College 
of Mueic. The choma will ba aelacLed from tbe vtty finest 
aboirs in the West BtdiiiK of Yoikshirv, couBtiCiitins tb« famons 
Leeda Fpntival Cbolr, tti the DUmbar of about ZIO. Blndama 
Alhani will be prinoipal staKar. Df. 0. Villiera Staaford wtU 
candncC. Tbe prograniine niil be of an lnterDatiin:a1 ohaivotCTi 




I 



Ftc. 8. 



fcriB«d, es4 a fund baa been caiaed, eiclDBivelj amooget the 

membern of ths IiBtitolicv, for tbe eutBrtaiujiieQi. af tbe 

guaalt. 

r A piniifrtLmma bus bc«& dnkwn ap by theKe^efitLOD Ccdumittae, 

and bus bteii approrrtd bj' H.B.H. the Hon. Praaldent, a sketah 

of 'wbii'h ii piven hereander. 

^ MOMJMr, Jij.T Stb. — ConversBzicme ineveuing at Hotel Ceoil. 
Ti'TAi'iiV. July 6th. — 11 a.m. Iteceptian of Foroiifa Dele' 

gatfn by ibe President and Iteception Committee cf the CoDp[reaB 

it ibr Imperial Inatitnte. 11.^0 a. m, Rei'eptiOQ of U.IL.II. 

the Fria<:v of W^alee. K.G., ll«ii. PircpideDt of the ConKresB. 

ISpeeeh «r welecme by JI.K.H. tb« Hnj Preeident. Inaagur&l 
- AiddresB t^lhe Pi^iidant, the Right lion. El&rl of HopatoTm, 

G.C.H.G. Besdio); arid digcuBaion of papera ta two hnlts at the 
Imperial Inttitate. 3 p.m. LmiDheon in PATiJionat linperin.) 
lD«liliite. After LaacheoD a riait will be paid to tfa« Yechtiog 
kA Fiabcriee Exhibition at the Imperial Inatitnto, 9 p.m. 



pieces being aeleoted rrom tbe leading oompoaeia of Fr&noe, 
Germany, Iwly, Bnaeia- and Oiwit DritBin. The details of tbe 

programma wilt bq ^ttled by Dr. Hubert Patry, priDcipal vf 
thfl BoyaH Colleg-e of Mneto, and Dr- C. Villi^rg Stkarord, PW- 
feisor of UuBkc «t Cambidge Unir^xeit^ and oondaetor of the 
Royal Collate of Moaio. 

FBTiiAit, JuLT 9th. — A apedal train will convey the gnatla 
and metnbera of the InatitutioD to Soutbum^ron UookB, when 
tbey nil] embark on ateamera and proceed to PortsiTioulh Dook- 
yard, nhioh will be rimtcd by pfrnjiesion of tbe Lord» of the 
A^Diiralty. LnscbeoD on boAtd vLe etuamera. There trill 

bft & dieplrky of th« eVglDtiOiis of torpitdia baals, foll'O'wed by 
a CFDise ID tbe Solent. B«tnrn to Loiidon by B|ie'iiial trsuii. 
9.30 p.m. Beceptioa by tha lion. T. A. Braesey and Lady 
Ldina BraBB«y, at 24. Park Lane. This reoapLion -will be l^ 
inritatiou only, bjb the nnmbar wbicb can be accommodatod an 
Ittnited, 



rime 1, 1897-] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



% 



ftiirHDAt, JtiiiY l&bli.— Tbu day is KBerred for pleBsare 
MonTsioDB^ lI poBsible on Lbe BireTThauiBB, tnrthor p&rtiODlarB 
of whiob will ba daly mmoacced. It is propuBc.d to coDcliide 
the neek''! proceei!iii)^e hy biiotticg the ^tiaBla and membera U> 
Kicbwond in tJie eTeninK tudiue, and n-fcer dinner a lirer Ji'M 

Mid K di>pl&f ft Srenorka Bud iltiimiqiLljgiiB will b^ lUTPmi^d. 

Is tltd following week the fcr^igii g^aaaU, AOOOtDpanied b; tho 
merobflnof thellocopticiii Commitiee, ire invited lotiait the wt>t)cft 
ci tfao Fstrlield Co. at Olae^w, of Meura. William Deonj 
Brctbera at Dumbartcn, of Sir Vf. G. Armsttoog i Co., at 
EJBwiok, nnd of MsBgrs. rnlmer at JarrDw-.ou-Tyne, 

We ounoat uloee this notice wltbout con^BtulAtiog tbfi CoiLaoil 
aod Ur, {ieorga Haliaee, the i:oiirt«oua and eneriBCJo secretar; 
of the iDBtilDtion, upon thie lexcellptit and oonipiQliBnBiie pro- 
gmmm«, aud w« bopo that the care and tbgo^ilit that has 
criJeutlj beeti beeloired Upon th» detail* of it arjll ensure t1>P 

nembeTB and tbeir gaaHCs onjoyiu^ a «eaHcD of intereating 
intercouTce iind re<^r?Hitiao, so tbnt th.a inem1>«t-e of Eh» Inslito. 
lian IDBJ mark li^ tboae proceedings to game umaW act^nt. 
their appra^istioD of th8 hoapit&lit; and kindnesB tb«; reoeived 
at tbe Laud* of llieir foreign goesti whon th-By vifli(«d tTrance 
ami (i^imanj a aboit titna ago. aa6 eitoud to them the ri^ht 
band of good-foDowship dnriug ctiBic rieit tu oar ehorea. 



MAYAL UATTERS-FAST AND PRO- 
SPECTIVE, 
(from our own Corrapondenl* at tianu aid abroad.) 

IT Ibba befia aatitDAtcid tbiit do Icab than a qimrter of rl inillion 
gpeotiktars will ^itti^as the i^rCiit Jubilee Kevien att:lpltiieed- 

...UwDisTS of paaaccger bnate ol all degcrlpiiuns oiintinue to bom- 
I'bainl gtafT-CaniiiinDder Hitnlilna SmitL, ttie Mjuter of tbe Flo«t, 
for ftUOhoraK" room for thoir voseela, and whore tbey ore all to be 
put IB a lomenhBt diOioDlt pioblern for tbe naval aathontiea 
lo 8oIti3> Eserj facility nill bo afforded the eiouraion staamera 
forateamiiig round the irarehipB befuro the Bnrien, but jnat b«- 
ton this commmi^a all boats not offinially taking part in it will 
baFoto talt9 np the anohgiraiiu ^BHi^ned to Ih^in. It is Apnouccet] 

th^t 21 battleiihipa, 11 first-cIusH, S7 second. ckaq, imd 6 thij^d- 
elaw crniKTS, '2 gnn TeeaBls, SO torpGdo ganboBte, S^anboate, 30 
borpedo-boat diMtro^org, :iO Uirpedo-Uontu, IM training BquadrOB 
■bipH and a spminl service voeselB will lake part iii tho naval 

Xotaole at 8pitit»aiJ. The twenty fureign war ifflBaolg will in- 
in 8erect«eu fsgahLpB. Italy ie to be ivpregeDted by the 
Prince and Frtcioefa of Naplus, who will come over in the 
Italian Royal jBcht, convoyed by twownrehipB, which -will re- 
main for tlt« Kqvibw,^ TfiePiince a^nd PHnceaa of WsIsr. the 

Dok^ (jf Bsxe-Coburg and tbo Uiike of Yatk will lend the IC^ysl 
QotillB LO thfi 0.<>'0¥tie, mBmbcra of the Royol Dcnaeliold will 
witAeaa the ehnw From the .IE/'i:rrii and Eljin, Kr. Gosohen and 
LhA other Tnerab^FB of the Adiniialt^' will be in tbu WiUllii'^ »,nd 
EiubanlrnM, B.ud the d iptiinmtiic budjr will have the fivid. plnced 
at tbeir di«poKil. Acconiinodatioii Tor the ^ntlemeu of tbe 
fionaei of Lords and Coinmoua will be nffoided by the steaniBbip 
^CUmptmiLi. The whole of the Brllab warshipa n-illbeiliuminuted 
Upon II aiD.zi>ificeiit edale, and it bita l>eeii arranged that the week 
rollowing tha Review will bo devoted Iq a loatsd of festjvitiea in 
bonouf of the risitors who <ifill take port thsHin. 

Tbe Shipi Hhicfi will tak« part In the Beivlew. 

Attentioa in now natocally oonoeatrated opou tbe various fetes 
iu vQmBiOTnur&tiOD of tho' record roigiii but of nil tbe^4 f upolicMDa, 
the most iiitereaticg to mauj will ba the' rteview. About 18 
Rtilsi of fibipa are said to have been fonisd in the Jubilje Eeiiew 
of IS87. but the coTQing- Heview will ee« noar^r twice tliat ItOKth 
of ahtpg. The vtuHida will mioat litely be moored iu three linra, a 
acheme of arxnnijecneut which would give aninah more ImpoBiag 
■ppearanoe thau if the liaea wero any deeper. Man; TMseli 
borne fraui foreLgn atutione will take pact, the Etnfyntian aad 
Mmrfii, r^sntly home fxoBiChiDB ; tbe Dvnafftiirf, Irom the 
^£aei itidioa, and the Er/jar, boon with tbe relief I'rews of the 
I'ltiUfiitfi at Oulottibo. The hot/al Arl/iur ttaia the Aaatraliao 
station will take part, ne wilt the -Sjilrllife from the Faoitio. 
Tlie oth«T TSiaels which will ba seen at the Koview ard the 
Iwttleahipa ifajtntie, Jt'ig<iiAi:tnf, Pritwe iJeorgt, Mart, Jupiter. 
I'irtiirKJiii, H-rjiiiUf, TitiuiiiiCtun, It^yal NoMfeign, KnipreiM of 
India, lUnoii-n, Cvihiiiircvuii. Ikiibom, AUxaiidra, Coloiiut, 
Sdinlur^li, lloiac, IitfUxihle, Dtfi^'tutiun, Thjtndertr, S'int 



-fVtrctJ. or Srat-QlaoB Bmiaera there will ba the PoiBarful, TeniMt, 
Blake. SUnhnm., Aiutralta.Oalalfn. tfartjiite atid Aitriira,- Beoond 
claw, Jfcmtume, CharyhiiK, Meneg, Metavxpac, jF.olat, Sp'rtan, 
Fliira, liaiitd. I^iona, Vtnus. Dmnn, Didii, hii, fhtrturt, Ltamlar, 
Jpiflllf, AitdroHiiicke, Thrlit, Tribune, Ttrjiiiehare, BriUiaii', 
Sappho, Jiinv, £>irrit and Siiirie, Tbird-olaat eraieeia: t'tiarve, 
Medfa, SJtdutit, Miigicignne aud It'irra-otila. Torpedo gqnboAta : 
Hiileijbn-, Sp-tdg, J/iuve, Spanlirr, Niger, Leda, SAeUrafe, 
Rtrnnril, Oihj.t, Cirri, 'Joiidnif r, JuMn, Sharjiiihoaler, Spi'fer, Ai«rut. 
Aattiope, Jfaitinl, Siipjart:, fJleanrr. and Knttltniahi:. 
ThoouD-'aaaels CKvttui and Ldnrfrnit; the ({iiuboatsif(ii;B«, Curt. 
|■}'^ifcT,, and Slarlins ; thi turpudo-biat deiCrojer* Biutg, 
Lishlnimj, Hunter, Rangrr, Itiirdy. ConlesC, Jamu. StuT'jeon, 
Snlffloti, SrtapptT. Hiughty, 2><rJiy, Ferret, Lynx, £>arirs?, Skate, 
Sun/a»A, t^pOain-ii» , t^imH, yiritifo, Tkni^Kcr, Sifiiyruirhoirlt, 
Df'jir^tile, FuHu^ H'lfofli, Bvrnel, Spil/ite, ICaciet, Foiini, aad 
inaliwr;. Torpado boaU 62, 51, 55, 67. 58, «4, 65. 66, 67, 68, 71, 
72, T3, 7*. 76, 77. 79, SI, 88. 85. The training abiu Bad hrlcsa 
inotnding the Aetire, Yulaije, ('ii/ypn", CS'impiiin. NoHhiimpioii, 
CiillMp'-, t'liruaiii, -ijirprnuiJ, Miniiliiin, lltiicic Iriiiee, Rticer. 
Jf'iiiiilcrcr, iliii-tiiif Satiin-k, Stajhiwtr, Fil-il, Aiiulii'f*. and triberttl, 
aad theApeaiOil iwrvioe vbbmIb Ururl'j, Jai^ktii, AllnfiTr, Xii^iicC, 
i'l-iirellcr^ tyeoh.irie, I'.fntt'rcll, Bod Tnt:'". Tho VOMela Oie to 
Bsjecnble on the 22tid Af thiB mADtb: so that tbe public will 
havB a ffood oppoitanity of Beeiog tbe llMt baton the aolnai 
ItdviDW takaa place. 

The AoDunl Naval Hancsurrei. 

In tbe eioiteaieut oocaaiooed by tbe great Keviaw iha hidiib] 
mobilisation uf th^ fleets for the Q^au<jeuFro4 dooa not aoom tQ 
have bttraoted bo nrlDCb bttention as ia D^uBlly the CAM. tt Is 
prob.Lhlo tL«t the btimbttr of abipa tnkicg part in. the great ahatn 
Qght thia year will ba g^reater than on ptevioua occaflioua, hut a 
great nriany of tbe ahipa taking part in thti Bpectsolo at Spithaad 
wilt iiunL&diately proceed to foreign atationa, and all ahipti 
wfaioh are only tempornrily oommiaeinned will retutri to their 
reepBObive ports to pay off, while thoao which were prorioii«Iy 
aoling aa tuudera will retaru to tbeir original datiss. The de- 
tailed pro);ratDaj« ia Dot yet ^ally completed, but we may aaifely 
cfokoQ DO tbe following vesaela taking aidaa in the anijiml 
■imiili'tpiil hoetiliiLM &t aea : — Tbe bBttlehlii)>i .V'iffa'i'', Xi"/vifi- 
Ci'iil, I'rritfj- iieitrge, .l/(ir«, .hijiii.'i; Vii'liin"ii'. Ilqnil-'i; I'-fi'iutiini, 
IIkuiiI Savrrfii/it. liinin'rut i>j Imltit. Kri\-iirii. I'uidiinii'ii'id. IdiilunB, 
ACrxtiiitU'i, OntiHMUi. KUUilmrijIi, Uiiire, InUciililv, litvaMntuin, 
Thumleixr. and .V'iim I'mrll ; tbe Grat ciImbm Druiaera lllitkt, 
liUnhilin, A'utniliii, OiiUiUu. Pmnrfnl, TfiiHiU. Rwjoi Arthur, 
Knrhiuiiuii, t'tUjiir, Witr^jntt, 9,nA A"''"*'* ', tt^o af^ond'-vla**^ (^rui' 
(ftts IIn'iiiuiiii; I'luiryhrii,, Mrr^rij, ilrlauip"', -hWin, Sf^ailiin, 
h'lorti. yauiil, Lalnnri, f>nui, PiuTiri, Di'lu. [tit. Pb.rt.in, I ..'iia<lcr., 
Apiillii, A'ltliriinaiiir, Thflii, Tiil'Unr, 7 ,'i-jiMr/jiif !■, lirilUanl 
\ijpitlKK Jiiiui. fiiiiit, and Siritiif ; tbe tbird'ClmiH cruinera Heilni. 
Mriliix". ilasi'-ii'iiiiv , and tlnirimtnin . imd the torpedogiinhoat 
Hfilri/-a anf) Sprrtl'i, 

Fortatnoatli Dockyard. 

Work at thia yurd on tha various ahipa building and abder fe- 
pair has temporarilv given way to preparationa far the Itsview, 
Tbe namher of ahipa whipk tbla port will fumiah wil3 not be eo 
large aa that provided by the other porta, bat it ia impoaaiblo to 
do moro than commiBiion all tbe availahje abipa, and apart froni 
tbJB iJto:getber tbe offioialB here will have enoagb to do un 
awonnt of tbe mobilisation taking plaoe so close at hand. Tbe 
Admiralty have apeoially «et aaid.e a TJHBel in which the Corpora* 
tion oau wJtneBS the fi«viaw iiad aa loiuetbinK in the aatnre of B 
r»turD for this kindness the Corporation faaT-e gii-en tbe 
Admiralty the free nae of the Town Hnll for a week. Slaff- 
Captain T. H. Bapsuo liiia been appointed swistant StaffCaptaio 
beri>. Blthaugb it waa only a f-nw weeks ago that he wiia ohoaen 
far the pOBt of StaS-Captaia in charge of Kfyham Dockyiird. A 
great Btrain waa pat upon the dockyard atelT in connectidn witb 
getting tbe Puicirlul ready for the peooant, and awarma of men 
bave been at work apoa t^e M'l'', gettinj^' her nt&dy for gas 
trials. Th4 Admiiralty r«^ i ire n vote in retipcct to the littingsof 
the iliim were not atrictly oompliei with by tbe oonlraotora, and 
a great orowd of joinera bad to be ptit on, overtime to oodo tha 
work already done, a thing whioh frequently bappena in regard 
to ships delivered from, private yarda. ADglesea Barracka hava 
at last become tha property of tbe Admiralty. Previous to thia 
there wore over three thousaod men on t^he depot ahipa, but the 
. mobilisation will caoae ijaita anotbior thousand to ba added to 



THE MJiElNE ENGlNliEE. 



[June 1, 1897. 



ibwBi HotrsTor, IbcBa men oaa now be Kooommodated ia hha 
BfUTkcka, and it is ,Ko be boped l)iaI the Qreroion^iog th.a.1; baa 
tnkeo place in iirOTiDoH ^eaiv will be dune anej' nitb. Thta idtnn 
«{ uUonitf^ the old I'l'-'cr^ to lake port in th'S review hae beeo 
mooter) b^ie. Undottbiadly hvr epi>eftr»Dce would to hail'-d with 

dolight hy ft greftt nuaiber of f^eople^ b-ut Lb ere iBHot Lbe Blight«s(L 

likalibood ot her l>«iog towed to Spithead. As booh sb the 
nia«ceavrM are over the Pmrerfvl w«l] probably take an oeeRn 
[rip, piobablf to Hulitax or Nhh fork. Her euginc'tcjoni Btiiff 
h«vo little doubt that sbe mil come out of tncb n trinl with 
QyinK colours, even «u[>po«JriK she did Llie jourai j ri top speed. 

The Training of Hava] Csdeli. 

Tbn olangcB in the new regtilatjons Tor tli« entry of nariil 
cAdete reliitieg to the ape and eiBniiniitioii of Llie cendidatex, 
base arouaed a pood denl o( dmauseioD as to nhrlbfr they nill 
mnltH (or good or othorwiee in the NnTj. The rB[;ulBtionB are 
tv UDino iato force tor the exadiiaation to be beld i.u Deceniber 
neit, and ap«oif}' that the maiiiDDDi ege of entrj ia i« bo IE j 
jEBrs, the miuimtliii s.^ beicg^ fiied at 14j. llencefo-rnard tbe 
oitttnJHatiijD cf the condidftlea ia to bo frumed es mneh an 
pOBiible- in order to allow tbocnHluniarj edccalioti of oar public 
Mhoole to coinpeta with that afforded by the ''crammer." The 
hope of the First Lord of the Adiniralty is, tbat bj theao nienna 
he will be able to relj'tnarie npoo tbo great pnblio soboole for a 
HBpplj" of j'oung'ciffiwrB. The opiiiion ia txpTeeaed \ij mnoy, 
tliut nith the help of UieBe new legulatlons the Bccondni; 
whools hfl¥e now an opportunitj- whieb, i( thsy ohooao, they 
Cah tuke fall ftdtaotegcr of, Bbd fili«llj malcQ th^niBeWefl tha 
Ohi^f TD^bba erf ^liXxj to the IilltaJ SCrTice. Tb6 priaCiplD uf 

"CTaroming'' is geoerally ndmittod ti> be a noat biklefnl ope. Jo 
Oermany, in order that Urn oudete abould hsie tbe full boneflt of 
n pahlio tchoot trsiniog;, the a$«of outr; to tbe naval aerTice is 
from 16 to 16 years of nge, but, of coOTue, there o.Tie many die- 
udsontogeB attoobed to tbia sietcm. The AdmirBlcy have 
certainly made an efloit to itn|;roTe the edaca.(ion of our nnral 
oflJcerB, aod it la to be hoped that the diaadvaoWitea vrhiob are 
nb present in Uio way of lultiliiierit of L heir dt-tire will >|jeeiii^y 
diHag>|i«flr. Oda of the diaadvntitagee of tho ne\t re^ololiniia 
will lie that the jirival-u niatlur will hnvo cinoihi^r j'ear in uhioh 
to " cram" bia pupila, while tht> oDBucueasfiil oaodidate at 15j 
^eare oF age will be too old to recommeuoehis onli nary education 
at B public aobitol. 

Torpedo Nets f«r SatUeiblpi. 

The statement that tbe offioera of iho Vtrtioit, the torpedo 
schoolahup at PoiteDioutli. have dtaignrd a torpedo-net irfaioh 
will re-^iat ttuy nviasore yet iiiiented, has agaia bronuht forwaril 
the (lueation ut lo nbulber otta are of an; real valae Eia a pro. 
teoliuQ a^cjiinat torpedoes to battleehipa. It baa been AllPHed 
ibat tbe toi'ptdu uet Iooiuh od tbe Majeilk type are to a oertain 
extent Talucleia, and give miioh more troablo than tiMy aro 
worth. Those who adirt^OAie the abolitiop of the' net declare 
that it nob unly adda to the weight wLit^b the ship bas to bear, 
bnt tbM it ean only be oaed lo fot-tiFy i-hipe at anchor a^aiagt 
toipedoee, and that auppoaing it were poBBeaeed ot all th« adraii- 
la^ee elBimed for it by tia aovocatesr it is dotibtfnl if a Kcond 
torpedo wod Id not eunily lind ita way through tho gap mado by 
the enplosion of its predeceteor. It is sIbo allv^d that it 
ioterferei with the action of the §:uiie and niDi>ks the tarp«do 
tub™. Altopther Ibo weight ol opinion of Euglisb naval t.tficera 
neetiia to be nf^inst it. Tbe deoieioD arrived al by tbo Freoeh 
Jdniiialty lo do away witb them entirely ia regarded aa b step 
in tll'e right direotiuD. It bns bei-a decided to diepeuae wilh 
lheir neelx'th IB the veaaela alrood; bnill ood in thoae wLioh 
are building. The reaolvo to do away with the net ia the FreiiAh 
Ifary orifjiuuttid aa far back as 1S02. 

Chatham Dockyard. 
The bnildisg wot^ here ia mokiag ^-cjcJ prg|irMe, eap«olal]y on 
the lllw^lriiin', which will not be 9, ffpeat while bol'oru ibe ia 
c«n.pleted. Tba tiolfittli will not h^ ready for lauoohic^ by the. 
time fixed b^ the Admiralty if any of the men engnged on her 
aie taken away lo work on otbor vcaaelu whioh wit) have to 
boiat the pi'iinBot lor the Iteview. It ia doubtfol if tbe present 
atad will be audieieot for the parpoae, and moat probnbly tho 
wmkmeo now on tbe Vindu'iii^c wi|[ havo to be turned on to her- 
The atore'abi p Wye hod io be taken in band for repairs and over- 
bautiigx, Bud the (oTpeHo goDboal Sj'tdly needed eimilnr 
treatment, Theie-otTningoftbe JUrrvrt/ ia eiiLl going forward, 



aaii tha reflttins of both the Ittrtv^ne and Snapprr. and tbe 
Vl'arwpllr, TliclU. and Iirui wdl altjDitly hoiet llie penoant. and The 
wotk uEj tbtte baa beoo the cause of tiombere of workmon 
uaiiniKed on ToMrls Luildln^ tu be letnpgrarily taken off tli(< 
Utler Hud pnt to work on the foimcr. The Hlmlrii/iii «hoald 
be eomptet«d by the Slet ol October, bnt thin will probably 
have to be pcatpantd. One of the bai-bette ino'jtitiiiKa ha« 
been pincml io poiition, bnt Ihose for tbe aftar barbette ba^e 
not yi-t bBcn delivered. The official gun triale of the JvpilrT 
paeaed I (f etK'cesafiitly. and aha is rapidly approactiaf; cwiiiple- 
Lion.. BooiB hnndreda of mtm are fatill at work npOD her, most of 
them on overiime, and it ia Loped Lhnt afae will be re^dy Co be 
handi'd over to tho Dockynid Beterve very shortly. Wben 
oommiBBioned aha will tsio the place ot the Etnpreif 'j/ JtitUii \d 
the CliAiiiiel S<^ii£droii. The docl^ here a.re ev^ry one of them 
foil of abips being prepared for this cdmiog mobiliBation. It 
baa been reckoned that aome fix tboiifood men of VBrioaR 
rations will be required for the mobilization, and in oonBec|ueiice 
placBide have been pasted up at the dookjaid gstea and 
"ads.'' inserted in tha local p«peta aekiug for ytiung meo U> 
join the Navy aastokerti, witb aioellent rBsolls. 

Torpedo-boat Deatroyera' Triftli and Launchci. 

The laOE-ch of the torpedo- bout dontroyer Flirl, from ralmer'a 
shipbuilding yard, couipletca tbe ei^bt boale which tba Palmer 
Co. were nnd.er contr«ot to build for the Navy. Tlie 
lannch wne ea.rn'ed oiit without a hiteb. Her dinnoneinnB are ; — 
Length, 21lj ft. ; breadth, '20 ft. V iii, j witb a diapUc^ioeot of 900 
laati. She will be armed with one G.potindcr quick-firing gun 
forwaid, two on each aide. &nd one eJt, in lujdilion to two 
ravolvicg toipedo tabea oo deok arranfted to Sre on either eide. 
She iagnaranteed to have a apeed ot ^0 kuota. The deetro-vi-r 
trials wbiuh have taken plaoa inolnda ibostt of tbe WlitUug, 
which tvok place at PortaiDoutb, the reault teing moat aatia' 
faulory. Throughout tbe triala abe w«b steaming at the 
contrBOt B^Md of 30 kootd, and at one period ahe was lunaioe 
at 113, tbe abaeAce of ribiutinu being very ntsrliifd. The OunI 
oonaiimption tri-ils ofiho I-'isitm w-era 8Qoe«asfa)1y eiirried ont'at 
Sbeoroeas, ua were her aubeefiatiit ^un mounting triik in the 
JNorthBta. Thede8tro3or tJuaU, built by Messrs. Lnird, waa 
aenldown fruio Girkanhetd to Plymonth to bave ber^nua and 
torpedo tubes placed on boaid, as it ie intended abe is to take 
part in the Naval maowuTToe, Indeed, all Ibe above-mentiuoed 
boata wiJl do ao, with tte exooption, of courae, of tbe Flirt. 
The pielimicary trial of the ChtimuiB qUq gijve resaita nbiuh 
mnat bo autiBfaot<iry to her build^ra. She ip fitted with Rced'a 
patent water-ttiho boilere. Tha rewnlts of the twelve booi-a'coal- 
cotiNumption, gun-mnunliTig. and an-ohiT triala of tbe J''>i?nr were 
eitratriely good, tbe Ttqnired speed beiuif obtained with a amaJl 
eipondituro of coal. 

The Navy ai a Proressioa. 

The leotnre which Lord Cbarlea Bertaford delirered at New- 
hyrj on the Navy aa a profeHJou, abd in tbe courte of whiph he 
pointed out the f^ent disiidvaiilBgea oompared witb the bcneflta 
derived, haj not aronsed the interest whiob tnight bave been ex- 
peotsd. The kolorawaa delivered in tbeatraightroTtvard mauDor 
typical of Lord OharloH, ncd the chief points of his apeeeh were 
tbe amall pay and the eitremely alow promotion of the einocutivc 
officers ot the Navy. He eaid the Navy, as a profeaaion viae 
tbo only one io which the phy aod proKpecta did not improve 
aa tbo responaibilitiea Increaeed. Ea dwelt at aome Itriisth 
npOu tbe Qondition of tha lioateuanti'. who, afiertnclve jeara' 
aervice, only got £21 monthly, and gave it ua his opinion that 
one admirals aboold be chewn f^om youafier men. Thp gpeecb 
wonld bave done justioe to a thorDii^hly liiaapppji itd uuiral 
tjflioer. The pnblio hear from time to tima that the pny of 
Laval offitwra is some what poor, bat tha apeeoh of Lord 
Charles moat haie tbot^Dghly opened the eyoa of his audience. 
Id tboae peaceftil days priEO money ia a thing of tbe paat^ 
and BO it is impoanible for an officer to in.i'reHBe bis emolu. 
mente that way, eo Ibe great majority have only their tervica 
pay to fail t>«ok upon. Tbo epookec aeeerted in tbe moct 
enlphatio maiLner, that, if he had \ is time oyer flguioi tuothiuir 
would induce him to enter tha Navy, ftiid aqob a fltntenjent 
eoining- from bo snaeeBsfnl and dii<tiii)tiiiahed a mvniber of tba 
Naval piofeaaion, mast not be trealed lightly. A great many of 
Lord Charles' renjarks, especially in regard to leave aid 
things of that kind, refer oa miiC'h to engineer as to other oOieers 
and no doubt at aoino foture time we eball have big of inioB on, 



I 



I 



Jone 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE EKGrNEEE. 



fl7 



tbe pwiti in qacation, in raferenca to Ihe engiii«eriiiK branch ot 
tJiB Navy, ft Bpesch. Klnioh wonlJ cartainlj be read nitta tbe 

grenteiBt iulerert by all concerned. 

Sheerneii Dockyard. 
Work on Ihe oniiBers I'miei-jriiie and F/iiaiiac proOBwIi verj 
nlowly, and at present has oearif oensej alUitietber, owing' to the 
neD betn£ required tor tbe purpuiee of roGtlLDg other veflseU 
<3eatined to lake part in tbe gn^nt nevi-ew. lli« GoishitiK 
tOQchoa have tre«(i put to tbe yaclit It fUiiri', and sb^ lb now out 
of bftnd and pre-Heota an dct^iugly emait n|ip«BniDca. 7be 
()Ji^iii(fr*i d&fMta beve been made fnioi acd she iri)l iiow tbliA 
part io tbo tDabiliBaticiti. Frcriaioti far h«T rcfi'. w&s iD&do io 
last year's Ettimstei. bat until recently abe was never taken in 
hand. Tbe I'cliinii maile tiro lonfr runti at ees- in order lo 
Ifnl ber boilers und ber la>t commia^ioaeil [rial mna mrict aalia- 
factory, her cnfcincn amI: boilers cdoini; ihroaeh the orde&l 
tacceBufulIy. It ih eipecbe'd tliF.C sbe nil! be Oiially altnched (o 
lIoToppijrl tor muiinmR nnd reStlioK purprso". Jnspile-or tbo 
fact that the StniUoiL- bad t» be fipuli^d <jf! in BUfK » Imrry, «hfl 
l^aAaad through h^ tHul iti a way wkioh pIcA?ad t^Terybody, oil 
tboee revpotiBible. She Je bi b» rend; for the pemtant taj tb« 
20ih of tbia month, bat in order to a/^oiTopHHh this she will 
}iB*e t« be refitted and olenned at oue atii) tbe ganie time. The 
dtatroyei SCitryeoit is in dock bare, in couMquenoe of an 
accidrnt whioh has happened to one of Ihe bru^ilietH of her 
propellFirehaftiti^. The ooorae vfaich i^ g^Boeralily adoi<tfd nhrn 
ibeee boitte gti out of order of turniii^ uTtr their crewa to 
i>tli«r deatrojeto in tlte Ueacrffe is pue to be comnioDded, for it 

preianU^ acty c^Hsfttiou of th^ traiDi^^ of the ea^iu^-ro^oni latinps 

is th« ni>6 of waMr-tDbe boilers, ikhioh hne frequsnily bap{>en»'ri| 

(bin was dcEie in the cava of tha DtipeTnle, Sieordiiih, unit Spil- 
fir,', diiingduly while tha SiiUnon, Sntqrjii:i; at\A Mui-yi-iin, were 
undur repnir. 

The LauDEh of the "Andromeda" &nd "Pfrunus." 

Tb^ fourth of tba n^ir lyp? of fir^t-olnaii crnifi^rH d«Big-ii^ Uv 
th« Chitf CoBBtrcctlof of tb6 I>*a,ev, baa be^n likuaob^d at 
Pnsbtoke Dookynrd. Lady Soouifeld broke tha onat^niBi; 
bottta of <rine acroaa tfao how, and a tew mitntea nrterwj,rdH the 
Teasal moved Btowly down tbe alipa into tbe water. She is 
483 ft. long, elS ft. in bxendlh, aud baa a mean load dran^btof 
SS ft. Sin., Hod dieplaoeri ent of 1I,0CK> Uios. She it buUt of 
atfi-l tbrou^bout, mriJ beluw tbe nuitu aod up(.'er <ferkA hea a 
et««l p'otectira deck coicririiR' the whole length and breadth ol' 

the chip and eaolosinK th^ mcht raluerable partq. Ht-r 
nineblii«ry wAa deBigDpd by Mr. A. J. Duraton, tbe filDijir.ee^r'in- 
Cfaief of the Navy, and the coriHtruction of it nai eiiti-dHlad La 
the wall-known Srm of Iljuvrhurn. Leslie k Co., aud is now 
vary far adTBnc«l. 'Die Aiiiinniinln ia to be diiveo by twin- 
•orsws driven by two aeta vi vertical triple-ex pan di^n ongioea, 
and thsf'S are fonr oylindera lo eaoh net of ouKJiea. The stcain 
fur all purpoaae ia genoralo.l in thirty watei-tube- boiltrv of the 
BeHerille type, ^roDpod iiir four builer-raamBr eacb of vibiob 
forme a separate wateriiK'^^ vonip'irtnp^iit, and is fitted wiih 

tbKA Uta of elBolriu liglrl?. It is frkppcled that ahe w.ll hp 

>«adf for bee steam tHaia about tbe b^piiibiDft ul netX. jcur. 
8ba baa b powerfiil armnment. oijiiitiatinD of ^ixtrt-n G iu., 
■jtlaan 12-poniiderH, and tn«ivQ ^-pDUDtJers.iJl quick- Brers, Sdr(^n 
■naotaina yitrnt. snd three Whitr-hrnd t(»p«'do-tubaii. She has 
a OCial bunker capncit; of I.IHXI tons mbich can be lionbletL If 
neoraaary. TbeV'yriJfrui*. a ihird-elafacrniger of the tihrnm type, 
haa alio been launched froi^ fabaur'a t3hjpbuilditiK Works, 
Her diraennions Dt« pramically the eame aa the Ineb-mentioDPd 
*bip, lujd hor amnAine<t]t -w}Vi c^ofiiBt of a>|i^l^t 'l-lo. and Ai^bt 
3i-pouiidern (qniclt-firerB), tbt«« 3It<cioi«, abdtwo IJ-in, tarp«flo- 
tnbcA. The lanni^h was timicd out lo tbe coutplaie uititfai:- 
I of eV'sryoQe. 

DcvonpOPt Dockyard. 
As at all tbe oth^r yarda t1i-<^ pressure of work here in con- 
naetiOb with lh& Bpil head 11pVi>i^W Ih treoieadoLia, for nvurly & 
[Xtmrth of the shipB. trakiup: part tbaretu wid be turiiishett Irnm 
bis yard. The olfiaiala h^re coald not have (^hosna a mura jn- 
jtpoTtfine tirtie than the pressnt, i>h«ij thera U aoch n ureal 
damand npon tbe clocking accummodatioii of the poiu, In nbiob 
to anlacga one of tbe Li^ docks. Ithe piewnt anchorHue apuue is 
little ei oogh coneideriDg thu uatnbrr fi ahipa in want cf atten- 
lioo. The deuiib of i^a'al mccliaiiica ia 'CDiiaLnK tome tittla 
Oonaternation here, and but a vcib riiepoDte baa bee» made to 
tha ^1 foT bla^kiiTiicbs, ■tokcra, atiipwrigbts, and others, 



despite tbe prospwta wbiob ara held oat of alsady employment. 

What ia wanted ift better terms in reapect to pay and advance mvut. 
Tbe opportotiity which the Ship CoDStmctiTB Aaatwiation took of 
cemindiDg tbe AdDiirally of tbie. and that, almoat hitlf of tlie 
estdtiliahfid dockyard ahipwritchtBO'arn only'twoahillingsmoretban 
was paid tbem, or their fellows, over a score .(.f year* apo, ia 
fe^rded b«re ea a step io the ri^ht dik>ei*tii:in. Codoubtodly a 
scaroitjr exiatti in tacD of this trade, uid lakiti); all thingB into 
coEsid'eratioc, they are certaiol; entitled to IwRer conditinnalliuu 
tbeyuiQ at present workitig under. Wtrrk ia proceediii^c briskly on 
almost every venaal baiktinif or repairing here. Tbe two battla- 
abips Hdmirn and Jleiwilial, aovernl orataera and torpedo- 
boat deatroypTS are in the oamplebing atBKe, and many coastguard 
and yori^nrd ships are DodergoiDgrepairtbab tbey may preaant 
a good Hrpttarnnce at the Review. The nec«<sary repairs lo thie 
hattleahips ^f-iflitififcil and Ulali-r and the cruisera J/rrj(fi^nc, 
Bi-iliiini Dod Halc'jivi, are betoi:; aLtetid^d to as rapidly as possible 
and tbe Hoiee and ThvindereT ara bere for their aonnal relit. 
In spile of all this very few men are wcrkinn overtime, and the 
THiio'ua tetBel* are approBchinp coniplolif>n wilh Bttiiniabing 
nipidity. This ptai«eH(>rthy Hlate of sBuiia Is dso to aonia 
extent to tha toie thought of tbu <:ffi^ialB. 

The BaiBlan Hary. 

From all aoooanla tbe nc?w Ituagian battleship yui-nlii In a 
very good apecinien of her det'e. She is a Ijpicnl KoMian 
battlcabip — annonr^d out of all proportion tobrrnii^. ard ormrd 
ifl eiAotly tbe UDie way. For a vetrei of > oh D,47(i Una her 
flrmament iaalnioiit a» benvj as nnrown Jiur/'iJ .V"tii'i;;ii l)p« 
It is reasonable tbt^refure, tha-t wilh forh a hugn prnpi^rtitiu ot 
offrnaiT'e and dafenaiva qnaJitieii tbut olheritHuilly iniispcnnable 
qaalities miiat have bren fBCiiflcBd in order Xn ohtnin Iheas ami 
at Ibe sam'P time cuaure her eHiCLeDo}; aa a GubtinK eIiIp. Ttie 
DBw TCBBela tiow aidec cutialrBCiion for tlie Rursian tJoTMn- 
meaC indade tbe one baitlfalip. tbe t'ifl'juJ"!, ow lir^t-i-lata 
cTvia^, pun gnnboat, and oiia annni.-r«(I coust defen» ««a('el Bt 
the new dockjard nt 8t. Pettraburg, two criiiiera at th« HhII'JT 
porta, and one battleship •ind one croieor it the Bnltio work*. 
There ia a crttiHer also buildiop in Frai.op, and two loiTieito 
crniscTB and fifteen torpedo boaia are alio under fonetrurtion nb 
(be Bame pince. Many other imrortaut Mdilioua are in cntr- 
tenipiatioD. Th^ BviaiiD MinJater lo tbe United fi(a*eB at 
WuahinpCon, BOtinp tn iratrnrtionB frcm St. Fc'erebwrg, haa 
invited the lllinoia Steel Cumpary lo tfniier (or the itjpply of 
armLOir plates for the above veraela. 

Acoidapfl la the Frencb PaVy. 

Mniiy Bceidenta have ocenned in the Fitndi Navy dorins I bo 
pait fewweeka. the moat serionaof which waa that which ended 
falalty on board the iJurhe. nhila lome triala nere in proKres'' 
in connection with the hoiatinit and lowprintt ol her Mf-m 
vedette. Tbia bad been, aafely floated aercral •iicH, and 
another trial was beirg made wben a ataplp rinf; pave way. 
cauBicg the vedette lo plunge head for pit oa I ii.lo ibe w*1er. It 
oiitDO into contact with ore of tbo Ilwhe', puna, nndwas (ome- 
what aerioiiBlj injured thtrehy. Ci-a of iha (our menon bo'rd 
was killed, one haa hia Tibs broken, and another enatainBi! a 
fractured lejr, while the fotirlh one i»eai»d iininiurrd, A niinbau' 
aimilar to that which happeaed on board tbe 7)ir*ni» aido brfell 
the tlavrcguilitrry. While drinir a torpedo frun a Bnbioereed 
lobe, an air cbanibf r exploded jart as ibo mieaile b"d left tl<n 
veaael. Fortuaalely uobody received any injuriee, ahd 'be onlv 
damuge to tbe aliip was that the eniils l^r, whic'h keepa the 
torpedo ia ica ptoj^r couree, ws* v^ry oiuch bent. The uofor- 
tunata h'leimu. too. bae had another breakdown with her present 
boilers. Sbe baa bMn ont of the' hntldMs' hands rince 1&93, 
and her triala bava extended over the last four yeata. ll ia well 
that tbeae Ihinga are managed better over bsre. The naval 
Praaaof France is beginning lo oompUin of tbe jcordinot-ly 
long liiiio the warthipa ef that -country are nndnr liial. The 
3lii!ifrit'imt9 aevep montbe, and the Jf ."■(,■), C'lr"-!, J^'urifinH-frrii. 
lliiilt'iitd, and Liiluache Trci'iUe nearly twelve moclllB beiug 
oOi'eially teated. A email dolilla of deetroyeia eould hate bean 
bailt with tha money thus exrended upon iheae alupi. 

New OermaD Warihlpi. 

The naw seotmd claee eruijT the llrtHm lx»t ja»t bean 

lauauhed at Stettin, ffom the Vulesn ^Vorka, for tb« Gertnin 

Navy. Bbo ia bojlt eotitnly of sUel. Sba ia S£0 ft. louir by 

57 It. 10 iB. beam, ha^ a mean draught of H}^ ft., and a 



98 



THE MAEINE BNGIKEER. 



[Jnne 1, 1897. 



Jisplftcemaot of 6,650 torn. Slie liae thres Hotews driven bj* 
thr^ eepaintfi vvginwi «f 10,000 l.H,P„ capsbSe of 
prgJacifig h ap^cd aF & tittle oynt 18.j Ingtt. Her cv«l tr&p^^ity 
is EOO tana at bormal draoght. Uer iLtiaftni«tit will conaiat c>{ 
tbiKf-fonrgntiB and three lanoQ torpedo tubei. Her oww wilt 
number i.'ii^ all Uld. Although »ha nil] not attniu the a.p«ed o( 
32 liDOtB. Blesmed bj Ihe Kai'i-nii jI Hjiujif'ii, tho llwihn and her 
lifiterahipfl ara coneidered libetj to prove more aeiTicsable [ii 
ootian ihan bbis aliip. The netr cruiser t'Tfiin, aa ohriBtened b^ 
the (Ja«eii of W-nrtemlifirK, bae ftlio beeu laaauhed ut Dantzig. 
She IB to re>pIt(oe tbe old Tesee'l of tho same irniua. Frinoe 

Henry of PiuMla iD.nd'e a ahort spf cch luid thee tied the ribbon, 
with I'Ka Dfiiiiie I-'ft^J'i ^Enbroi^ere-d (jn >t, touAd Her M&JHS-tY'a 

arm, tliebund mean-while plnytn;^ the (■erman NfttiDii&] Auth-pm. 
The Bclnal launcli went oft pprj imoolhly nnii tha fnnictiiin whh 
atleiidud bj maiij );reat uavbl and military autlioiitieB, 

Pembroke Dockyftrd. 

The work on theltr«e wBirhiipa building here progreB&e« with a!) 
poasible rapidity. The A tii/ri'iniichf ia at prrMot haviDg l)ie i^utt 
BEiount of itork put into ber, a nntubor of the workineD engaged 
on ber baring b«ea trauefecred Co tbfl Ilaitiiihal {a aiAet to ^et 
her ready fgr ber dafiartnre from b«Te. A litllt ovef half a 
hundred ahipwriglita slid an «<fiiAl umuber of other workmeu ere 
all that are left <ra th« Anilnmuiche now. Owing to tbe gie^t 
Bfforta muda with the Spiirtialt atmnat a cotnp1«t« Hbetetou of h«v 
CBD DOW be Heeu. She was odI^ laid down tn the slap two or 
tbieo weeks ago, and already a greAt deal of tbe rmmowarlE 
below tbe piobootion d-ecl: in the ceattal part has already been 
bailt iuto ber. Much f«tatiient baa been caueeil by tbe dirty, 
iDHaDitary state of the Il'iiinitml. The beapg of filth tyioff about 
ttiG eliip gare it ibia numc in tte j)r«t plaoe, and a wLile atco 
tbere wiLP EL plight icnproTeiiieijt, but ev^vi uQw t-herd is pleutj to 
be done b«f[)i« ahe iifill be cleao and sweet. Bhc is ocrtB.iuly 
tHhind ber fltaLer alupe, hnt tbiu tnay be aooouuted fo:^ by tbe few 
men whii<h bare beos working on ber lutoly, and taVibg every - 
tbiDg iuto conaid aril t ion her piogresa baa been very uir. A 
good deal of work will have to be put la on bar ilecko aud 
lower poitfl, and !ior uaaeuuitea me ti'Ij- backward. She is 
das at Portsmouth in tbe Grat week of S«pt«mfaQr, The pre- 
paiatiun of TcaBel» tc tako port in the Jubilee arruj of battle-- 
Atipn liaa riii>pt]jf been ('ntruatfd to otber jrarde oitiD^ to the 
better duck accdmrnodHitiaD tilltAiDbble. But there ju pluu-ty to 
do for all here. 

iThe Qaeen at the Cy dopi Worki tA Sheffield. 

It oan QOflUy he auppoeed that one of the most vivid recollec- 
lioni^ Qoeea Victoria will have of hur PiaTnoud Jubilee will be 
her vtait te Bheflield n.ud the sight abe wtlCEaeed in th^ ^leat 
armour-plate works of Meaets. C. Camraeli A Co. At adiatanoe 
at Bboat 35 yards she witnesaed a maee of white hot metal. 
35 tODB in weight, and with a thioknesa of 24 in., rolled out 
antil It was oearly double ite original size, in fact, the mnking 
of ajj armonr plate for the new battleebip Ocnui. It ia poaaible 
tbal th(i plate, if itia finally de(:ided that it shin]] forDi part of the 
iirtiiatiieiit of tbe f^f tat battlefiliip, will be Eiiurkeii iq gooie wat 
80 aa to single it oat from ita fellows. Never in her life before 
haa Her Majesty witneaaed a-u-ch aa event. The Que«n and 
PriBCEBH Chriatian, who accompanied her, had to- be proveded 
with coloared Elaas aoreens, and. the heat, even at tbe diataoce 
the royal carriage wae from the furnace, muat have been per- 
oeptibly leli by its occapaata. The toyal party natchsJ the 
great doors of the furnace drawn up and the m?o advauoe to 
the fdiDaee. Tbe i{reat iirapplin^ instruniect clutched hold 
of tha maaa of metal ieeide the t3ro and in a flfaort time drikfjj^od 
oat the great slewing mass. Tho heat at this time was as 
ereal that apectalore 20 yards O'S were obliged to turn their 
faoea away. l)ut the -workmen, who were apecially attiired in 
□eat bine nod white anitorra fur the 0(M;aeiOD, finally hanlad 
the great block of steel to tbe ipUere, under which it wsh 
placed. When it left thern it was about double in sLze <m the 
aarface to what it had bi-&n when it entered. Thie ended the 
apnctacle eo far aa Ger Majesty was oDnaermad, and the royal 
party, after the iisnal epeach-niakiiif; and tbanlca. drove off to 
the Hpcoial platform at the rear of the Cyclops Works. 



flDisccUaneous. 



lDititut« of Marine EDglneePi.— Tbe wventh annual 
dinner of tbis Inatitute, will he keld ai tba Ilolborn HpatJiuraolf 
on Wednesday, Jaoe and, Tho Pnnidoot, I. ForteBCiie I'lannery. 
Eaq„ U,P,, irjll Bcciipy the oliair. 



J. P. Hall A Go.— We have received a ratalogiH of dysanma. 
motom, and uumbiDod rnginfa aiid djnacioa froa Ueana, t, F. 
Hall A Co., electrical and general engine era, of Black Bidiog Iron 
Wmrhs, Werpetb, Oldham. Thecatalopieis illustrated by a larg* 
nuDiber of <^xeell(>iit plates, iltgntrating the vnHoias macbitiea 
and eo&ib-iDed planta tuade by tho finn. A apdcial feature whieb 
is inelnded in the aDgiintB of this firm is a pateci autotnatio 
oipansion dy-wbeel governor, whiob in titled to and drivea by 
the abaft direct, tbe operniioD of tbe governor being direct upon 
tbe valve ecce-ntric Co alter ita tnotioo eo aa to obtain vanDUS 
ranges of eipanxion in tlip tylinder. 

Heaara ffolden ft Brooke, Linatted.et SirieH WorVe, Weab 

Gorton, Mancheaier. ba*e fornimled to ua nn abridged calnli>Ki* 
of ateani ufl-era' epcL-ialiticHn iibiuh iDolnde alcaot driera or uati- 
pcimpre, tttam liap)*, |>atent rtdui'ing valiea, □ue-ecut e<|iuU- 
briuDi vBlvea, pjeotiun v&3vea to prevetit damage by the action of 
a -n-ater-hamnior, eikausi eteam irjectore of varieoe pett^-mVp 
baek preaaure vaUea, fout valvea and s.trainera, aelf-acting 
injectora, water lifters, elevatOTB, bilge ejector, ailent ateam 
heaters, and Br'Ooke's patent tbernO'roguUtor, wliirh i^ aa 
apparutna for hesiin^ liquids and niainlaininf them at a pre- 
determined anitorcu tem|.entturH. Tbe cataloBoe ia illnatT&ted 
by a camber of platca, eome giving aeo.tianal views of tbe 
appornluB. 

MeiBPB, KoBiei A HUchell have forwarded to ne their last 
pnbliehod linta cf patent valcaniz.ed fibre goods, wMefa have been 
iaaaed by them to Che public. Ttisee lists icctude paitionlara 
with reference to air and cireulating pump valvf.t. compreaaian 
cocli washtra, carriage axle waatiera, ssddle stuplea for nae aa 
iueulatoia in fnalcning eloctilc ligbt, tel^^phooe and other 
electric wirer, dutti guards and uil-bot covers for the jcumal 
hoxrs of milnaj carriageB, und piauy LitherarlicleP too nHoiwroua 
to fnenti&D, in tbe niatiufaeture of which tbis very ueaful material 
IB employed. Tbe faot that tbe fibre ie net deteriorated by hot of 
Mid water, Crana'a or- other oil, to deatmolive to robber, givea 
this prodQot ila deservtd pramiDenco aniong the uaera at this 
olasB of gode. 

Dover-Ostend Service. — The growth of thia roate in popular 
favo-ur boa bectm ho considerable that the Belgian QoverumeDl 
has ft^in added to Jtsfltet acflther liigb-olonapMaengcr steMmeF, 
the I'rinefiif Clem,-nUr,f. The aefvice now numbers nine modem 
paddle steamers. The three first veai-ela of a s-maller type an 
110 ft. \ojig—FTVir( .ilherl, TiVf.' ili? ]>.hw.<, I.y i'JJd.irc. apeed 
191 knotd with 4.500 H.P. Tlie three mtddle.ala48 tvpe are 
300 ft, long — Pri-iirnn' Jtmefliinf. I'riiicrfir Hrurirtte, liapidc: 
spaed 20J- knoiawitb fi.OOO B.P. The three iBrneai type are S40 
ft. long,- — Lsnpold IL, SlaTirMiiiiiritc, Princit/fr Ctrmiiithir^ apeoi 
2'2 kecU with B,000 H.P, Tbe frincfanc Clr'iiriitii}i- isthelinE^t 
ajidlfindBomMtof all thefltet, She hA> an extra promenade deck, 
whirb Will fre tnucb apprecial.ed by (iSKeeiigere who like fresb air> 
Her cabin ttttingB aed furiiisbitigs are carried cut in the neat 
lojnrtODfl and comfortable mHuuer by nenie of the very bett 
Fleroisb ariista and art fuTBiabcrB. The deooratiouB are BupeHor 
in taato and eiecntion te anythi-Dg yet afloat. The trial uf this 
steamer took place recently on ihe Clyde, ia thepreeeaoe of tba 
BeI);iBD Government cfficiBla and the Btaff of tbe John Cockerill 
Co., of Seraing, (be builders. Under moat unfavODrable ooo- 
ditions of wind and wpatbpr, flbe made 2218 knois, jatt the 
fame aa the Miirii: lleurieUr by I be eaaie buildtrp, which ub- 
tained 22'I!t kiiote. Tbe^e t>iu sIpumerB tLcrifcre bold the 
record of gpced for pnddlu ateamere. 

A HoTcI Syatem of Launching —Miaari. Yairow & Co. 
have rcMutly completed the cuoatc ucrir d of a large sbnJloir 
draught Btern-wbeel steamer for the Itiishian (iovemment. it 
WOB ihipped in piscea from LobcIod, acd put toeatber on one of 
tbe Rneaion rivers in East Siboria. The erection of the veeael, 
and tbe riveting up and cempletico of it, were OBrried outon tha 
ice dnricg the last winter montbi!, n.nd on tbe bjeakinj op of bh* 
ice the vessel aimply lowered itself into the water 

The iuttrUn GovernmeDt lirivc determined, us the result 

of eihauative eiperimtiilH, to tit the Varrow boiler in the 
crraier now bnildiug ut Poln, cf k.OOO H.P. There will ba 
eiRht boilera in all, bavitg 2,500 ft. of healing euriiLCe each 
boiler. Tbtse boilera, aa well us. ibe aschineiy for tbe v^eael. 
will be conairuolod by the StiLbilimento Tecnico, Theate. 



June 1, 1897.] 



THE MABINE ENGINEER 



99 



NATAL ENaiNEXH APFOINTMSNTS. 

The foIlmriDg »ppointtnaiitB havs been mad* kt tbe Admii&tt; 
flHon April Silth to M»j 2(ith. 1887 :~ 
I Aaderaon, John A , nealstaDt enKiDCer {temporary), to (he Eir- 

pre*' (;;'/fi'(('iF, Ig date Jaoe Bth. 
AikdnwB, Robert W. B., aBBistant engineer » tli9 Smprt»» of 

Initin, to dftte Jaoe 8bh. 
BaroM. B. J., bibH' eo^tteer, hnn been advAUfied t o tto rftnk of 

lleBt, piLirineer in Her Mftjeaty's fleet. 
Bam^ BeDinmiu J,, ae«t engineer to tbe Mtir/, to date Jun« 

Sth. 
Bamelt, Horatio S., acting enf^ia^er ta tbe WrW fire, additional 

(or Uoirlcjard HewrTB, SbfemeaH, UDdated. 
Rnrr, Brne^l., >OTii;ii]ecr to tlie if'ir>^ to date .Tune i^tli. 
n«ritiitigl>nDi, C. ir A„ Bci[u;j •'iii/iDeer, hafi tici-n ooufimied 

in the rant of L'Tigioeai- in ETpr Maiesty's lleet, 
Btnndetl, 8. n., aUifT enpineeir, Hhb been iidvsiived to the reck 

of fleet en^aeer in Her Miije«ty'g fleet, 
BoDthrojd, H. T., Mglneer, b«M boen promoted loLheFankof 

Henior Bi)giuc«T. 
Bushby. JobiQ F., iLBiiHtant rngineer to Llie /iiii/uf Siitrreiij", lo 

date Judo Sth. 
BntlBcd, James. T.O., ABslttuit coglBeer bo tfae Vicforiuia, to 

date June 6th. 
Carliale^Aroliibald O., aeaistajit «tigitin«ir to Itie ./(^'iii''i. to dale 

June Ktb. 
Cftrter. TUdsar O. (probatiornrj), nB»ulai.t engioeer to tha 

£ii(prf(i iif Imlln, lo dale Jana Kth. 
Ctiarlton. J'rancia J., aasistaat engineer to the Fotcerful, to date 

Jaae^tb. 
[CbaH, John E<, fleet eogriiieer tc the Hoi/nl UmPTeigv, to date 
■ JiiD« Hb. 
Ohfip?, WiDium Dr, engineer t« the ^arracmFti, to date June 

ChriiliAo, Ttomaa W., en(;i[i«et to the ftVory, addiCioual for 

tbe Haiiler, nudate4. 
Cock*. Herbert W. L., auiattiiit en^neer lo the Mtiiy, to dote 

.1 Qn.B nh . 
Cnifirord, Williaci It., aaeiBtajit cngifieet to the ifu^itci', to date 

June -^th. 
Crkhlon, Peter T., esginear to tlie Ptmbnlia, to data Hay lOlb. 

and aftarwarda to the Su-«»i(inr, id li«B of a etuet ongineer, 

to dat« Uaj :iotb. 
Craiadale, I^nie R , aseittant en^seer lo Iha Fuforimn, t« date 

J cue mb. 
Dawauo, William ( piohBtHiuiBr^], aaiiatntit engiiic^p to tha 

JujiilrT. %o date Juoe Hih. 
Diiou, William J. (probatioaarj), ouiBtBiit engineer to tha 

Rr-ttoim, to data joae Hth. 
IhtwUag. Horace K, (probationary), UBUtaot eagioeer lo tbe 

J'niieTi'itl, lo date Jnae- ^th. 
Drakt, Si^iney J., siiRifceer ca Ui« Ff'il'^/rre, for the Sirrfr*'/**, 

to date April 22nd:. 
Drought, A. E., attinfj ongiiie«F to tbe Wihlllff. addiftunal (or 

service in lie KrBeiv^», to dale April 3>.ith. 
Dunn. ObHrleB. F., engineer lo tbe liune, tuiluto June Htb, 
Daralon, Atihnr 6. W. (probntianerj), fteiiatant engineer to the 

Scnoirn, Id date June 6th. 
Xdwucds, Bobeit W., fleet ecgjaeer to tLe Puirtr/'i'l, to dat« 

Jane Mth. 
Bllia, Edg^r H., engiiieer to the Piiu'crfMi, to da(o June BtU. 
F«Btberst«De, W. J., chief engiDaor, hse be^n adVHtio^ to tbe 

rtfak J3f stnlT engiuiwr in Bn Majeat;'* fleEvl, 
Flood, Freiieriek J., (>hief eagiueer to tbe i'h,Kt'<>i, to date 

joDttetb. 

Gibson •SagacBj Jotrn B,, eogiuaer to tha Wi(iljltf, (or the Dcj- 

prraie, to date April &2ad, 
Olaaapolc, W. H., a&ting eagiaeer, Las been oonflrmod jo the 

nvDilc of sBsiat4Uifc eiigiuofiT in Her Maj&Bty'fl Hoet. 
Giwebtook, llobert fl,, aeaiBtunt opgineor to the jViiih, to date 

J una 8tb. 
Gtegg, Cbarlee J., uBistant eDgiDQar to the Ph«Ma, to dale 

JunASth. 
Gaab. Artbar 8., nqaigtant engiaear (o the Victoriaiu, to date 

Jane etb. 
Uam, Wclliam H. (probntionaiy)! ageiatant eoginter to the Mart 

todate Jane Hth. 
Bmwood, J. \V,, a caff engineer, has been sdvanced to tbe rank of 
&Mt engiueei in fi«i HajMty's fleet. 



HiokH, J. A. H.. chief engineer, baa beta advanead to thftrankcf 

staff eoginecr Id ller MajMty'ii Meet. 
Howell. Llewelyn, ssBiHtnat enginoer to the Poiaersnl, to date 

Jnoe 6th. 
Buddy Jabn B., engineer lotbe HfnK'tfn, to date Jancfitfa. 
Japkeon, Thomsa F., engineer to the LctiuUr, to date June Sth. 
Jacob, C. H., oeaiatant aDgineet, Las b^on pJawdou the rvtired 

list of hia rank. 
Jeakins, JiTibti C. {probationary), acBislant eagiinMr to the 

Pluriiiii, to date Jane Sth. 
Jennii>f:E, H. S., engineer to the I'emlii wit, additional for tbe 

Cftreriat, m lieo of a icliiof engiuefT. lo dat« April 30tb. 
Jonee. John, staff engineer to tbe Jii.j'iti:i, to date June Stb. 
Jose, FranciB W. E,, engineer to the lU'ifi'ii, to date Jutie Sth. 
Kerewell, (lefrire T., eogineer to tlie ' '■■'"Wiiu*, todntejnoe sth, 
King, Q. W., clii*f engineer, l^nn hieti adlvsnwd to the rank of 

BtelT encinper in llur Majcatj'a Ueet. 
LnwFifino*. Williain G., auistant eogineef to th« Jujiilrr, to date 

June ^tb. 
Lonnon, Willian), ateD'enifineoT to the I'lrinri/, to dale May loth. 
Lndlow, George T. J., chief engineer to the Jliuj'lmli. to diite 

April SOtb. 
Uaconochie, Archibald W. (girabntiooBry). aesiatniit engineer Co 

the l.rariiItT, ^^> dalC' JriBB Sth, 
Moore, Franoia J,, lleeteDgine^rtotheT i'f[i.r(rm«,todate JnneSlt. 
Moots, Walttr L., aeaintaDt eoginasr lo the lian-ifouti, to date 

Jane Sth. 
HorriEoo. Frank < probationary). aaaiBlant engineer to Ike lli>ytil 

SiiiiTtifin. todote JiineBth, 
MWhannsll, K , Koyal Nbt*] ttoeervo. ia arpointed engineer. 
O'Neill, John, efgineer to the F.ini:i[,. u/ Imiin, to data June Sth. 
Fallot, Eliee G. (proha(iuiiarr), asaletant engineer to the 

Emjveeii ff I'l-lin, to date June S^th. 
Parry, Herbert L. (proV.atioaarf), aaaiBtaot engineer to the 

JujArcf, to dato JnUe 8lh. 
ParBons, William G,, flaet engineer to tb^ Ein^irem a/ l-ttia, to 

dato JnneSth. 
Patt«raon. G. T.. aoiing enpineer. l,sBlwfe£, confltmed in the rank 

ofieDgineer in Bur Majeatj'B fleH. 
Feel, Heorj 0. W., engineer to ibe Jn.vfl/ Sii"erti;in. to date 

Judo Sth. 
Pibworth, W. U., staff enslneer,. htB benn adT&ncad to the laak 

of Beet (iiigiDeer in Eei Uajeety'n Beet. ' 
pill, J-H,, cfiief eiigiiieeT, baf been advanced to the rank of 

BtAff <-iii;iineeF in ller Msje sty's. Beet. 
KichaTdB, Peroy B., aBei^riiut fngine^r (t^iaporarj), to the Jt/^al 

Svrtrritiii, to date June Sth. 
Byder, John F., Qeet engineer to tbe Vivid, additional for the 

J-lolat, to date April 25lh. 
&harp, William. 6eet eogttieer in the Fif lit, additional for the' 

il'QTian. when paid off, undated. 
SheeTi. Cbarlfv 0., engineer to ibe T'oatrjul, to date June Utb. 
f^hirvell, Jamas J., naaietaiit engineer bo the P'licirf'tl, to doUi 

June 8tb. 
Silk, Eihelbi^rt S., espineer lo tht WOdfire, additional for tbe 

firiiriieiin, to date Jane 8th. 
Sillinra, William I', [probatiooary), nuiBtant eDginetr to tho 

T'ifr<iri(iu>, to dato June 81 h. 
SiniinonB, F. T. (pcobatiaoary). a,MisCani ongincer to tbe A/iir*, 

to Hate June ^Lh. 
Sfiiith. FredenokT , aa«.iBtcint engiaeai to tbe J'nii&ni^r, super- 

tuimerurji, to date Hay 15tb. 
Soper, Thomaa H , aaeistant engioMT to the flcnmm, lo dato 

June Sth. 
Bpenoer, Arthur P. S , aaaiBtaat engineer to the 1 kroTy. aoper- 
nuraatnry, to date llay 5Ui, end lo the Jatou, w dale Jane 
aih. 
Bpry, Frederick M. D., ohief engineer to the rfr'Hf. additionnl. 

for the li'vU-i^lu undated. 
Bteam, Walter T-. rngiue^r to the PtK'ffri'k':, additional for tbe 

.tujiiltr, to date April S^nd, 
St«ani, Walter T , engineer to the .liij.ii<r. to date Jnne Stb. 
Bydevlinm, Emeat D. tprubationary), ueeiEitiint engineer to the 

Kiiijiit S'li'erd'j", todut« Ja.n.e.8th. 
Tockwell, Heniy M. S., aafliataDt engineer to (he SpiiiilieT (lent). 

lodate April 2Tth. 
Wall, Lewia, eDginter to the Fimcrjnl., to date Jane 9th. 
WalUe, Henry, ohicf engineer to the Lt'i'xler, U> date Jnne Sth. 
WaJlia,,W. A., engineer to the Vii't'"-'" <""l AlUti, to date Moy 

lltb. 



100 



TH£ UAEINE ENOIIJEEH. 



[Juno 1, 1697. 



Watson. Alfred I>,. pt«<T enjiuieer totlia J-^noMii.UidkU JUMSlh. 
Wi»na, F. W., ohitf «fi|riB*er, hMhwn edvuicpd bo the rank ot 

atefT engineer in iler MBjeelj'e deet, 
WUloaghbj, Jbr-gs T., engineer to Ihe rtmlirokt, additioiiBl (or 

Uia !iotn\on. to daU April £2Dd. 



HOAR & BROW^'S BABPWOOD MARKET 
SEFOilT. MAY 24th. 1697. 



'isiA — During tl>« tirxt tbi«9 neeks of Lhis motith iWre have 
\ie&» 1,3£7 loeds of I-o^b lap<led, »iid S(tO iovda of plncks, tte 
delivpE'ie* be-ill^ tU7 loAda l6j;fl &tid 3111 I<ML(fB jilanlui. Thaeii 
S^tre «ill I0RTP £ti# ttock piiirt)oslly in Iho artme tlntp sb it 
•KBB at tbe and of April, whioh ia SEDsJIer tbta for ttmn; jFurs 
past. 

Tlie pieBent poaitLoD or tbe mHrliet may Im dficrib^d a* 
Butisfactory. EnquirieB ure frequent aid piicee well mniulAined, 
eapeoially for good mcrchaiiiabte wood. Tie attack ot £rib>c1aai 
leak iaJDRtiu)ivtei7 email iDdecd.auil the coaditiauaof tbeparcei'i 
■n-mog hj iteatncr go to rboir tbat tbe Block o( Rood limlrar at 
port of «]))piaeut cnnst b^ v&j (cafoe, t« aocOant for tha mf^tior 
dbipmeti't^ BOW being made, 

Tbe derdftnd for plunks continnee votj brj-sk, and as the eliocki 
are dep^let»d priotoe advance orcoi-diugly. Tbe preaent poBititjii 
IB likely to ri'infiiii nncliaiigit'd fcr »oaie ooneJderabte time. 

tlAFicu.AMY. noDilanie and Tobaeco. — A very Uroe qnaiitity, 
iDOftlj oj iaf^nnr cburocter, hao cbanged liaode dnnng tbe 
moDtb, Ab tbe wood bnigoceinto consumption nitboubr bowing' 
RDf marked reduciion in price, it would appeu' tbat tli9 prtarnt 
poaitioB of tbe market is a veiy aonnd one. Good wood for 
p&npl and board purposee ia in verj Btron^ damsod, and meets 
wiib rthdj pnFClasera at terimceraiive Sgurvi. 

Ctiiu mlea rerj high in price, and ia 1ikeij> ba continne an for 
aiime (Jme to eouie. Small ioge, mbiab weie practiBnlly Bueale- 
nbte ■omi! few montha nyo, are now rageily bonKLt up. Uimcj.>. 
— rhe.ie bavo been conaiderable itn|:><')rialicini of tliia wood, 
moatiy iif smell and infenur cbaraoicr. Priceii retilfzed ma; be 
ooneittered natiafacKry, lookinjf at tbe condition o( ibe wood. 
AfRiCAN. — TLia n-ood oppraia to be groviBg iuio fuyoiir, pro- 
bkblj on Bccoui)t oF bebg ymW squared ; o^d boyerr aie cuablbd 
to Bccnre larger snd bettt-r made tiEnbei tbno i* Ibe oaee with 
otber qnalitiea of mahoiinn}' at {qQiTalect prifea. 

Ambbii'am KiHiinouLiiJ. — I'ha itccti of iilack Wjilbut are 
■mall, and prime liipe and boBrda are verj mnch wanted. 
Holders of tbia daes of wood are aakin^ «erf bigb priofx, which 
mnke saite Bomowbat difficnit. OA.K.-^The stock ia heavy, bnt 
OS the dcmiind ia fairly pood priofB have befn niaintaiii*d. 

Kavi me Fine. — Aa it ia now some time sinue thfl^l^ bjiTe tieen 
any imports of tliii wood,, (tooka are small luid piioee B-hoiE- a 
ali);hl incireaae. 

Iiu8iii««e freiLeially dntifiif the month baa been actlTB, bnt the 
bQllcok (or Jiiao i» not 4|aite ao promisicg, aa it in aolicipated 
that the Jubjlce f(Bti:viti«H will reetrict kuBin^ui during iLe week 
(IT twu ihoy are in optntion. , 



INDUSTRIAL AND TRADE NOTES 



THE CLYDE AND SCOTLAND. 

{frMlk i/Oir otirn. COrrrtpond^nt.) 

OQIFBUILDBUS and ergioeera have every reaioo to he 
(j flntL«£«d with tbe work in bsrd, and with tbe -number ot 
oaatrmcta niao'd daring tbe priafnt maiith. Yet with BOt-h a 
fair ontlooK, n labour war aieniaimmineiit, Ibere betDgoon little 
chance ot a criaia being averted io tbe enaineprinK trjide. We 
mf ntioDed in our last iaauu that nllbotieb tils' ronfercnoe bold in 
Lwndon between repreBFDlativea of the Employoiti' Federatioo o-f 
Engineering ABBo<^iatioDe and the- AFifhlf{ep>at(-*d Sobriety of 
Engiaeera waa dored, i>arK>spondcttife wauld etill paa^ between 
them oo the mbchine iq-ueation. Tba emplo^era' held a meeting 
nC Carlisle, when they decided to se'lid a letter to the secretEiry 
of Che A 8.E,, whittli went very Icliy into tlie circumatancea 
Thicb led to thediapiite, and the renBune why tfaey ruuld dot 
concede to the A.8.E, in tbe denieud f(T the emplc.) iiient of 
their men. berti (and srliBaaBi of fqnal Htaadiof!) on all maobinos 
»wef CT fllmple, coneideiiag tlie number of nther aocieties and 



man at no trade swriety, rendered it imperative that the 
cmploiers, m ibe national iniereBt, should be free to eucoajaga 
ability wberevec bbey may £nd it, and fiec bIbo to eeiect tb« 
most luitable men Tor the varioiu operatiorm carried on in their 
workabope. Tbe A.8.E, Bent a lengthy reply lg thia latter. 
gain^ afertbeoame KTOund and furaiabuig abandani matetikl 
for diacDaaion, leading up Cg tbe contoation ibal the aolei object 
of tbe A S.S' is ta maintain a bi^h standard at wajre*, not 
for tbei^aelTeB alone, hot for all enpSoyed in the engin f ahopa asd 
at ma«hiiiea. In tba propoaal tor the aettti^ment of th» dtapiita 
at Pallion wbioh brought tbe contiovecay to a climax, they 
inpgeat a jnim.coinmitiee of employers and employed to inquire 
into tbat case and " settle tbe wage Ui be paid for the working 
of the maohine in qiieeiian," ' The employera, in replya rv- 
effirmed tiieir poBiti-jn more eon-oteely iLui before, and PMart 
ibcir rig^bt to en<ploy each mcii us tlify deem compoteiib, arid at 
each n^gcp aa lliey and tfao m; ik i^mplay nxitiially nrraii|i''i Tcr 
the lUAtib^Diert of iruchiii'^ Id the en^sna shape, tbua the 
question is lelt iu abeyance. >-'oemploycrof labunrraaldposaibly 
agree to tbe demand of tbe A.8.G.. the abaolnte unreasunabls- 
neae of (uob. a pro-potiticn is seen from the Qist. 

The dispute between Meaars. Jatuea Howden £ Co., Scotland 
Street, G]a«gow (tbe pitenteea of the well-kcown aystem ot 
fottwd draagbt), and tbe membera of the A.8.G., hM been 
eeltlcd, tbe men reanmiog work un May ICth. Tbe dijipnte was 
aBainst ilie ein[i!i)y'nei!t at a machine'"' a nwn whom they con' 

«ideted " unskilled," and ia thataatlerof ffagcB tliey eaid the 
prieea paid are below the avetai^e of th& dit-triet. The inaobine 
in quettion ia not now working, altboagb the firm do not admit, 
that it has t>ee9i stopped uolely by reaiou of tbe airike of 
engineers, aud in some cneea advaooea ol wages ha7e' been 
piomlaed. 

The agreement under which the enginesra are workio?. 
termlDateH on Jane IStb, sad both in the Clyde and BoUaat 
diatriotB they have ap|jU<-d lor an advance of wages, The taett 
in tbe up[,pr rcncbeB of tbe Clyde ask for an ad-TBuce of j|d. p9r 
Lour, whti^h DO the prCBent working honrB UeqalvitleDt loSi. Sd. 
per aet'k, Tboee in Greiint>ek have aiked tor jd. per bear. The 
maaiOTS will Id all probability inaiat on trealiug all the dietricta 
alike. 

Shortly before three o'lflook io the aftomoon of May ITth a 
Are was diecovered to bare broken a-at on the firat-olais omiaer 
Ariionnat, at present under cot^eiruation in tlie Faiifield Ship- 
building yard. Qorao, QOUrl'lQriiblt- damt^f heiti>; dope to iJio 
rcpsel. Tbe outbreak i* auppce^l to have ofigiDBted thiongh a 

hot HVet fulliDg fiom tho bow of tb^ t-ehiel on U> a taqinnlin 
wbioh was epread OT(rr lome sMiing*, ehipa, pieces of trood, 
and ctber innammable materlBl. 

On May 15th, in the preaenee of a larpe Ratheriiwt at ladtH 
and nientlemen. ths new marine biological station at Uillport 
WHS furmally opened. The boilding, whiuh lj«e been ereeied 
and rq-nii'pFd at a coat ot about t^l,CI>li. ie situated at Keppel 
Her, und will bo kni>nn na tbe iiobcitiBnii ^[ueeum. 

NegotiiiiiosB are ptarccdine, we nnderetand, for the leaae of 
35 a^res- fifuronnd Dear Henfrew. Tbe promct^r? are aard to be 
OerTDitTi and Ecglish ofipitali«Cs, who vritl «r«iit large gciioral 
engi-niCeTitig works. Tliey are iDlerealed, it ia aaidi is vovM 
patents for boiler and biriier-taba mHking. 

Mr. U. L. B M'CiilmOTit, M,l'., has been elected a dirccter crf 
the FairBeld Sliipbuildioir and Eogineering Co. 

Ueasra. Wm. Uaniiltou & Co., shipbuiiderp, Port-C laavnw, 
bavo reoeited an order to boild a ateel arrew Htebmeruf (> iXK) 
tons foi the East Asiatic Co., Limiled, Copeitiuffpn, and la 
intended to trade between lionie porie and the far Kaat, She 
will be fitted np ic a euperior tnStiner for pscaengar «« wipH ma 
cikrgo-caTtj ing . Tbe decks will be of leak wood, and the 
ateamer will be lifchtod tbronghoat with etcctiieity. Rehigbra- 
tinir PompartmentH mill be itonstrnetect. Meairs. David Rowan 
& Son, trleagow. will tnpply the eteamer with triple-eapanaien 
eogini-B. Meeare. Wm. Hamilton £ Co. have elao booked an 
order to build n Btee) eciewsleanner of 5|0<)U tons reKiater. 

Kesrra. Murdo>^h & blnrray, BhipbuiidtrBF Port-Glaatrcw, have 
received an irder for oDother »teel twiu-aorcw eteamer for 
pnaaenger and cargo Bervice pn the river Amaifon. Uecen. 
Uacid Ro^an A £^011, Glasgow, will eapply the eteamer wiU) 
iriple-BipvanBion ensihss. The vesBfrl is to replace the Ci-dad* 
lit Manual, built by thein, and recently IobI on tbe AmaMB 
throui;h cotlision. Uefsre. Miirdorh & Mm my hu«o kIm 
lecnred n contract from the Mersey Docks nnd Barbour Board 
, to build two- Bteamboate for the piLot«ge eer* ice of the pott, t-o 



I 



I 



fmie 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEER. 



101 



\ 



I 



oott about £17,000. Lsit je«r the^ MppUed two ateBm. fdlot 
boat! lo Cbe Board, &ad these liRve giren so moob B&tisfactioD 
tliAt it baa boeo rpaolTod to pruride Another tno af n eimilnr 
durBObor. i^ad do kn*; entirelf with the old soiliDg' veesets for 
pUoUga purpose a. 

Heesrh BoBBell & Co., Bhipbaildere, Port-GluBi^Dn, bftve 
repcir-QJ AH order Ut boild for 8paaiali DTraore. « eleel ecren 
«te»uii«r for passenger ani] corgo eervico, Bh& will ba ainiilar to 
the Lnn^bdtiil built BOUie time a,gi> at KiDpjaUiD ^^rd, and will 
regiater ■)ioTit £,(XiO toEi. Tli«7 bavo slaa ^ijLid duwu tbs keeU 
of tiro 5,000 t«D KteamerB. 

Messniv Kobart Nnpier & Sddb, Liiiiit«d, Gavan, hate con- 
tncLed to build nnd engine tbrve «t«a.mers, each 375 ft. long 
And 6,000 tt.<ijB, for the Kipiion Yusen Kaisbs, of Japan, The 
T«HeU will be fitted with liiplie-cipanBion lenginrB b; the 
IniM^ta at tbeir IiBn««Seld Eu^ine Works. The? bure also 
UntW way, three Btoamern (or the Roamaniikn GuTcromcut, 
And AiQothar vessel of (^DiLaideriibls topnagei niniab ahonld Braep 
tb« workfl of tha flrm well employed Taf some tlma. 

Meeari. Ramoge & FergasOD, ebipbaild^rB, Leitb, Imve 
wcored an order to build a Ateamer, 370 ft. in leDRtta, the 
lancsat vesnel ■over andertakan on the bunks at the Forth. 

MeearB. Al«x. f^i«|)heii it Sodb, sbipbuilderB, Linthonse, have 
ooDTractcd to baild and engine tiro larg'e oarKO carrying 
BlcBoieis, fat the Bn'tinli India Stenm Navigation Co., Limited. 
Tbe t>;«b«Ib will each be 'OTcr 400 ft> l-oug. 

' Uf«grj. t'Brmichoel, McLean i Oo,, efeipb-oilders, Gre«BOck, 
hftiVe fotitraetcd to >>iiili) [or CoDtineiital c-wq^ih, a ateel well- 
deck Btaamer, tAcarr/ 1,S0(I tona. 

Mesars. Paal Jouea A. S<iii, yaoht bnilderB, Greenook, trnve 
wcured a ontrHUt to baild for a goDlIeinitn in Skye, a 25 It. 
laiirob, to be propelled bj njotor power. 

Me^prH, The Caledou Shipbuildiog Co-it of Dundee, hBTe 
reevived on order to build (or Mesais. Wilaon'a orosa-Cbaunel 
MTVice, a paeitaD^Er amd oargo aleamor. 

Mr. A, Uonrc, laobt builder, Ardrisliaig. baa booked an order 
for a boat for Mr. FrHor, Acbiltihuie, Eosa-sbire. lie ht^ a\eo 
Ifcid tfae;keel uf a 9 t^m fa&bt to tht- ordei' of a BeiraBtgeDtlenttin. 

UMsrs. Denn; ik Co., ui Dambjiiton, are anpplj'itic; new 
maohiDery to the Alluu liner Sardiniait, whioh waa doeied on 
Haj lat, in the Leven shipyard, for an. overhaul. 

Meearg. Kinosid &. Go., eogineeca, Oreenocli, bav^e Bocared an 
order to anpp!; the engineii and maohiuerj for tha steamer being 
built for servioe on ibo n«er Amaeou, by Uoaars. It.aB«ell & Co-i 
Pvrt-Glasgaff. 

Metare. Wm. Beardmoie £ Co., Faikhcod Steel Worke, bare, 

We imderBtaDd, been Bnooeaafnl io aecuring orJers fpr the gaU 

GaaemateB Sct the three Tiifit-olasE^ artiieerB bein^ constructed for 
tb« Britbb Admiralty. One at Fairfleld, one at Clydebajilt, und 
tha other at one of the Govemmenl dockyarde. This order 
•DjDTai notivity in the gan ODHetDBie department at Parkhead 
for the next tnelve months. Messrs. Beardmore & Co., are also 
reported w have pnrchaaed a.11 the piste mill and coggiag mill 
jilant bel')ugi)ig to the Wear Steel Co., Sunderland, part of 
wbicb wili b« tranefened to tlie Farkbead werks. 




TRADE NOTES FROM THE TYNK. WEAR. 
TESS. HARTLEFOOLS, Ac^ 

(iVoni our men Correrpvndtnt.) 



THE TVNE. 

Shlpballdliigl. — Within the past month no uhange o[ import- 
tJtcv hue tuk^oD place in the coudition of the shipbai'diui^ trade, 
Aud tboii^b iiioHt of the jardscor.tinao brisk on the sireugtb of 
ordetB bcioked luut y«ar, wry IHlle law work has bi>eii negotiated. 
B*eD in the dullent times, orders forr^aaelB required for apeOial 
■ervioea are g'lveti out, and a fe» trftnsactiona of this kind have 
iMen ouriod out with builders on the Tyne and in other distriota 
lately : bat this is po more than what might have boeaeipeeted, 
Olid tber« is nothing in it lo justify the optiiniat viaw which, in 
aouia quart«Td, scams to be entertained. "Fbe ottioiaia uf the big 
tntde nnionB are jubilant because, for tlie moment, ail their 
nwoibere are employed : and though nagea nilea have kkvady 
b«en BO far adrsDced, that in some tradti.B they ar» oonajdeiably 

beyoud Che rates of any formar pciriod, it ix by no nteans dd- 
liulj that EuHbet demmnda may bo mud*. The indnati^ 
oumet bear' the atrain, however, of any farther foiciag up of 
wa^es, and if auoh. an oiperiment ia attempted, there ia hudly 



a doabt thst it will be met with a firm realstanra by tha em- 
ployeiB. With rreighie in their present dopreased state, the 
coet of new veaaela must be loweted rather than raised t^afore 
demand cn.D be stitnulBted, s.Dd unleae aome one^ipeobed Inm nt 
events ehonld operate favoarablj on the freight market, (he 
prices of Dew tonnage are, in the nry near future, likely to 
liodergo a proi'CBS of thiiDkege. Botween ihe 15th sod the lS(h 
of the prs&eiit mopth ^incliifli'v^) 310 les' tbsD fonr w&r veeaele 
haviniT iLti Bgff^Tipgnte diepl&oem«bt of over 15,000 toba, were 
Iflnnohed on the Tyne — two by Meesra. Arwetrong, Whitworth 
A Co., Slid two by thePalmor Shipbnilding and Iron Co., Limited. 
The latter firm also laonched within the datGS apecified, a 
sploadid cargo boat, capable of OHrrying 8,000 tons. To lannuh 
three TesBeiii of eticb importance within Ihe limited spaeo 
of lime mentiored, ie a feat bitheTto nuenrpaBsed, if equalled, 
by any tihipbuildLog firm in the world, nnd it is an echiere- 
menl of nhidi the maiiagemoDt of Ihe Faimer Co. msywellbA 

prond. Thero is something «Ia», howerer, npbn wluob they 

Ai-e to be cOBgtat slated, attd ihnt is the exceptional prcdootive 
capacity shown by the altility to tnm oO t>en warships, aa well 
as a nnmber of big mer(>hant ships, in little more than 
twelve moDths, Ahont this time tnst year, Ihe keels were 
laid in the company's Eowdoo yard, for two cruisers 
of the Boomd cl^ea, and the first lot of eight torpedo 
destroyers, ordered by the Admiralty ; and the whole number 
ha?e now been put c£I the atocke, loaviug that supplementary 
pBtshhshment again ttn tenanted. It ib to be hoped Ibht tba 
berths will not long remain QDOccTipied; fot the '■' Isyitii^ io " of 
thia yard, even for tb(> briefest period, is a calamity of no 
amall magnitnde to the immcdinte iieighbonrhood. The Cwo 
warships lannehed by MeMsra. Aimstrune, WhiLworth ft Co. 
ace for the Chilian and Jspsusse Governments respeciiTelT, 
und are both very Que esampjes of modern design and workman^ 
ship ID the department nf naval arohiteotttre. The contpaor 
have several other warships in ooorse of ooastraotion at their 
Elnnick and Low Wslker jai^e, and all of tliBae, it ia nnder- 
atotfd, are for foreign Govo-mments, 

Messrs. C. 8. BwSn & Hunter hare made <]aite an eictra 
ordinSTj pro^resa with ths buildini; of the large pontoau 
dock which they laid down in the recently aoqnired yard 
adjoining their old estiLblLghmont. Judging by the rate of 
progrets already made, the oont.'aot will ba oompleted in leu 
than two months from the present timsi and this achteve- 
ment, we think, will eatablish a record so far as regards rapidity 
□f eicGUtion in this kind of work. In the shipyards belonging 
to the Erm, buBiDeB.B oontinnea brisk, all bertha being oconpied, 
and lie fmnjo torcagea being kept in at^wdy opBratioo. 

MveSrs. Hawtherc, Li^slie A Co. 'a TSrd has an UDnaually bu« 
appimrfLbce jast now, thou^^h aa the liim have work to proceed 
witfa,.acihange for the better may soon be witciesaed. Thero are 
tfanw foreigQ ordered gtoamers being fitted out in the river, and 
on toeae n large number of men are employed. Meaan. 
Btephenenn bave a fair nmoent of work in progreBB, oonsiatinc 
of a pontoon dock and a oonple of steamers, besides some dock 
vatua or caiaeonB. It ie uaderBtood tLat the firm are negtjii&ting 
lor some fnrtlier work of the latter cloea. 

Meeais. WighBm Itich^u^aoQ ft Co. a^'e said to have booked 
one or two (irders witfaia the mobtli, end their bailding berthe 
are [iretty fully occupied with veeseU of a special ulnsi. In the 
waterway facing theysrd, two reoently-lnutiahed steaniera are 
reoeiving their equipments. The frame fum&cea are in fall 
operation, and for some time past the deliTeries of tnateciat 
from the rolling mills have been anuanaUy large. 

Mosars, Wood ft Skinner bave three Teesels on tbe stocks, 
one of them being of ratiier large dinjeoaious, aud it ie nnder* 
atood that there ie other work to follow. At Maasia. Dobson ft 
Co. 'a yi).rd two berths are vacant ; but the tno veeaala on the 
stooks are ia «arLy stsgea, and will provide work for the 
operstiTea until ether oontraota hare got beyond tbe pre- 
parulary etage. Tbe Tyne Shipbnijding Co.'s yard is still 
well employed, the vcaiels building being of larice size, while 
in the river a very fine cargo boat, ordered by Messrs. 
Wm. Milhiim A Oo.. is being grft ready for sea. 

MeaarB. B<^adhead laueched a vessel for French owners on 
the Htli inst,, and the keel for another was immediately 
placed in the varicki^d berth. There arc tbr^e other Teflsela 
on the Btooks, all of them being of large. dimeDsiotiS. At 
Messrs. Eltringhaiu's yati there are four amall ireBselfl in. 
pro^reea, a»d at other yards where amall onft are bnilt, 
hoaineSB ie pretty good. 



102 



THE MABINB KNGmK£B. 



[Jtme 1, 1897. 





Tbm ■nntnii iaiikm urn, mlmawi irilboub •xcspbloo^ ocmpiod 
onttHnving pfttntlni or tvpAin, 
m.— TIm month bM pU4«d oltfaoat. mj rartbn- 
dag plM* belivMn th« naMol»t*d tvtpUrf^tM »bd 
itlTW of ih4 BnglDMr*' HoomIj' ; bnt 0WT«*pMi' 
I taa pMid balwcim the partU* wliioli abowa * cbi^ngs 
: OB tba p«rt of tlo litttor, wbilo iba employen bB*« 
villi omMandBbt*) flrn>a#Ba to iha |:osltiu[i orrgiDklly 
ay Ii7 Ibem. The vngiiioorii uuw bkj thai tha; meivlr 
tim m^em to be kept up, nod thai it ia fu Iran tbeir 
foppaw M aliain Ui nxolusiTe lighl to tho working; cf iu>7 
dtatf af HMlriDai in *ogme ibopi, TUvf mako it no^cfesU}' 
pfcBaw 1b0««t«p, ibnt tli«7 want to regtiUie th-? waf^ea, not 
^ttf ^d IKdr uwii riKimbct's, hal at other workmen, And tbis 
fta ^ ■aanmptton with itbiob, of ooame, tbA employers CooSd 
M* ha anppeaed lo Bcijaleaoe, As tba caas bow tUnda, n 
laefc-oat i* pretty oart&ia to talce place, anleaa tue en(piie«T8 
iMfOfTDCallj diaavow all intenlicn 'gf m&kiDg Tailber eO' 
WJBfcmunli upriii the emjikt^srs' preragntiTCi and prove thoii 
rfMarflj bj withdrawini; ilie prepostoroaa claim pni forward 
by (bam witti regard to tbe fining at other men's wARsa, The 
MBployera biiT« bomu a t'o^^ deal, bot Ibe/ felit tlieniBelree 
evnpaltad Iq tarn ^ben »a att^cnpi was made U> anperceiJe 
tKtir aatbority ib their own wOrka, and nOw that tbej bave 
tainud, it ia aatiafaAtoi^f to aea thfit they «iU admit of no 
fartboi triltiag with tboir rights. lo the intereata of the 
docmtry, atiA of tbe working olaaaea generally, tha memberaof Che 
big trade TinioDB miiat be Utnght Lo keep Kiibio their leBiCimate 
Iio0 of action, which is, to get tbe beat couditiotiB ttey can Tor 
ihamaekreB wLthout irerjohingnpon the juitrighteof olhen. They 
Are too apt to forget tb^t the world vraa not uuule esolnairely for 
tbtnn, and that tlieru araa groftt tanay other people who faare 
to bo i:{nLaider»4 

The atftte <it bnain^sa io th« aDgineeriog eatabliahm^nta iaatill 
very good, the wofltg o( iles^rt.. B»wthom, Leslie & Co, 8t, 
J'etera, and iTorth B&okat MesBrs. ArmBtror))* Whitworth A Co.. 
Klltriok; and the Paliner Co.. J^rrcxv, bsiiig the biiaieaL 
TheHoptDDe Worka, Low Walker, are abo very full of work, 
nn-l uli Uoaara. Keadh-ead'a eBtabliebiueut tbe bm^neaa tliat 
WM niitiooablo at the beciDuiop oF tbe year is well laointuiaeili 
Th« Korth-IEaiierD Marioe Eogineieriag Co., WallaeDc), hafe 
Jut ooinpIotAd an iioport&nt aJteration oontraot oa the e.s. 
V'Jty, fonaarly owoad by a Tyceaide firm; hut which ha.B 
UMlj pwaod Ulo th« bMvda at Maaera. Beod, UciNnir A Co, of 
(■laa^ow. The itltentiona ipTolvtid the HobBtitatioii. of a new 
hiKh-iJrwiirv boiler for the old boilers, aohange whioh nil! 
itniajdefahly increaae the cHirying capacity of tbe veHaeli and a 
ntcmatni rttoii of lh« lengiceB on tho bi;^b-preBBiire coinpound 
prtnoiEil*. with all iho lateat tinprovemonls. Oit sii uxparimontaS 
trip whioli waa made on the' 21at itiat., preparatory to the veeaol's 

Sr w wdlng to Oruiiii»dt with a oar(?o of coals, the most aatia- 
wtory roauila wire obtFiiavd in the ahape of a hi ^h rate or 
■^Md againvt a U^inrj aea, the aaeiuee worbioR smootbLj, s-nd 
wltbmt ribratlon. Tbe leprweDtatiTD of ti)« ownerB— b well- 
lUMni mgiDeertni; Mp«ri—wa« on board during l.be trial, and 
■tipTHWd hta ^ront aatiafacti^ with tbe manoor in which the 
work bad bean oairJad oat. 

Tbe >nt«DaloiM whkoh arelKiing madeatthe WaliBend Slipway 
Ue '■ wurka arn tjuw h^giTtaiag to aasuaie ooaorete ehope. 
■ua • Kdwl IiIbb ni«,y be formed of tbe propiirtiona they will 
sUlBiatAlr raaoh. Theae worki have held ooisniall place m tbe 
•nglMvrUM bbbiry of thu Tyne aiooe their ioc^pLion^ a 
qfl«rt«r of a Mntnry ago, and within the put deCad^ *iich im- 
womnanta liav* bevn ioimIv ot) tko plant anJ BurroiiEiiinga, aa 
M*« MtlHUd Ibam lo >|uito a foreiuMt poeiLion among looal 
wurka Mb'iL mi hiut Ixion Aaaa ill the paat, however, Lo aaaore 
Cur th«Mt«.bi>*hin«nl the iarijMt poaaible degree of promiueiice 
■lid floooaaa, it will probably appear aroall io uompariaoo with 
wbftt U now haing >iIod« In the dlreatioo of furtber development. 

TU wofka at Uoaita. Walker. EmprBon and Thomp-aon 
llrothan oontlnua to Im kept e;ic«ediugly busy on ahips' wmd- 
U>«i«, oapwUna, anrhom, and otht-r acceBsorioB of equipment, 
whllntttniri liiiii«Utti iiri){iue WorltB (in. proximity to the new 
«oal nliipplti^ ■tnitha of the N.jrtli-Eaetara Hailway Co.) 
HuJnaa* ta »Bry active in repairs to colliery plaot, ateaniahips. 
An. UiMra. Uaird St, Uamaley,. NorthSbiotdi, have aome good 

attaota in. hand, and tbe am&ller engine worka on. bhe aouth 
I of tha n rer are hIho we! 1 employed . 

Thp iipw work* whioh were ataitod by Meaira, Trootor 4 
lou, miLiiuriMturure of tAnkn, v«iiti,IutorB,4o., at SOoth Shore 



Boad, Oateahnd, early in the year, b«T0 oinoe beoo kept toi; 
actirofy goiBg. aod are likaly to oontioae 40 for msoj nkontha to 
ootoe, aa raoent a^ditioaa to the cootract aoconnt have been 
both noDMrona and important. 

H^ATa. J. il. Uolmffl i Co have booked aeveral gooJ ardent 
for elw:trin.l iBitallatiotia lately, atid owing to the marked fuvoor 
with which tbe "LaitdeH" iDotoni have been reoaived aiooe 
their iatrodiictioii by tbe Grm. the demand for this apecinlity ia 
likely to bp» largely increMcd. a circomatAnce which maBt 
neowuftrflj e«aje a hearier preoaara of work io the eatshliah' 
tnent. A few jfara ago the firm had to doable the aiie of 
their wark«, and it woatd almoet w«m aa if the time maat soon 
arrive when a farther eittoalos will bo n^a^nMy. 

Tbe BpecLa,l ecgioe paclciogv msnnractcted by Moasn. Ooorga 
Angna k Co., of the St. John i L&ather VTorbg, Newoaatle, mn, 
owing IO the palpaMe adracCages resolting from th^ir oae, 
steadily iticrea.Biiig In popularity. In this aod other de-parl- 
meDta the firm are noeediagly bnay both on home and foreign 
orders. Oa the occwaion of a recent visit to their warohDuaee, 
we noticed aovoral large paroela of goods, coaaigned to Japan, 
China, and varioae American porta. 

THB WEAB. 

ShfpbuildiBg- —At the VLxT.or't Quay repairini; worki of Heaata. 
J, L. Tboi&iMon A Soiu. a fir« ooonmd early to the^ month 
which. thoiigB of abort duration, totally dettroyeil the loineis' 
shop vith it« coot^n'Ia, and a conaiderable qoantitr of timber, Ao.| 
in the immediale vicioitj. Tbe damage on the workn alone ia 
e&tiniBl«d to have roaohtd £20,000. but th^tv waa in additioBi ft 
good Jtot of injory done to dw<illuig-bo<iaB« in the noighboor- 
hood, llowre. Thompeon, with oharacteriettc goneroaity, have 
iiLnde good the Iomms intmrrvd by the w<LickiD}r people wlio 
inbabitol the damaged konsea, and liave abo oooMved ta 
keop the whole- of the men evployed. who, acoording to the loo 
LdBty ealcohitiona of local newapapert, were fc have been laid 
idle aa a rssnlt of the taWwBophe. Oaly n oouplo of weoka hare 
eUpsed sljice the event look place lo which wit bavo made 
refwroni-e, and oJready a l«mpor»ij ero?tio& of coDBid<^«blu 
dim vnH ions has been mb up, atid ia now beiag littcd with the 
requi^Le ^ccoaeoriea for carrying; on the joinery work, nnlil a 
niiw fcuildisg of much larger «ixi> and to be mgnippeil in even a 
more elahomte tDanner than the former joinerM* shop, ta erected 
and ready for ocoupatinn. The firm do not enjoy an immnnity 
from thp miefiirtniicn which arc part of tbe commoD lot; but 
they have a rare faonlty of recuperation, and et-eni to make 

light of djfflooltiea which would permanently weaken the 

energies of other*. The Etm hava at pioacnt aa *binidafl.M of 
work on hand, bat ther& ia tio reaeoo tu doabt that, long before 
the Bitd of tbe year, they will have made up for tbe bitidntooe 
to progrees itanBed by the fire. 

Ueaara- Blumei A Co. have received an order from a ii'niuAi 
arm for n good-alEed atoamer to be employed lit the wine trade, 
audi it U iindoralaod that the Strand Sbipbuihiing Co., who 
have at preaont bot ooe raaeel on tlio etocka, have aleo booked an 
order- Slessra. Austin i Sona bav* throe voiaela On the atocka, 
and aro also pretty hnay in the rOpairtLg department. 

At the yurds ufSir Jamea Liing banneBB ia still aotiva, aad 
largv deliveries of niatorial are being made, Jleaara. Doiford 
oontiDue dtromely boay and wiil eooD put their second tuipedo- 
daAtroyer into tbe water. At Meaira. Short Broiliera" yard a 
oontinuance of brlBkneaa baa alao to bo reported, and Meesra. 
PiiaBtman A Co. are lo bt plnoed in n similar oategory. The 
yariliB of Meaars. PickerBgUl and Moedre. Oaboroe t Grahetn 
are, however, shott of work, wkilat at the yards of Mflaar*. 
Robert Thompaoo 4 Sons baaineHs ia aatia factory. 

The locally-owned ateamer Ilia', whioh met with an accident 
recently on loaEing the harbour, ja to be docked for repairs, 
which will p'robably be uarried out by the Strand BhipboiIiJing 
Oo. Litnited. TboreBOoma tohe ft BliBhtly hetter demand for the 
localLy-mada ahips' wood bonta, with which tbe recently patented 
Hteel bottta liaveoooia into active competition. Tbe principal 
firm of wood boat buildora— Mesata. Robaon 4 Sona— are aow 
hosier than for sooie time paat. Meepra, Kobspn nxtt, it abonid 
be Blftted, largely euRag«d in the timber trade aa aaw-rnill 
owiiera and pierclanta. 

Eniin Bering. —The North-EaBtern Marioo Engineering Oo. 
are Ulcely to have their Sunderland worka very busy for aoine 
ttmo to oome, as utintractB hace been received for a lar^^e nnro' 
her of amall marine engines, beaidea one or two ordera for 
engiDOB of the heavier oluaa. Tbey tuTO alao in bond aome 



Suae 1, 1897.1 



THE MAIIIKE E^raJKEER. 



103 



powarial pnnipiBf macliiBery, tad oik«r eootfiLaU for wwlc of ■ 

Mamrs. Matcolt A Pollack, of (h« Wreafb QuiLjr Gngice 
'Works, fittadi Lite eagicei of tan b.h. R>?a-tAiV. u Baa lined 
■teaaiH' built hj hlesan. Craig;, Tujior ft Co., of Thorcabj-on. 
T««B, fortlieOooEeard Wft^t Riding Steam Shipping Ca. Ijimited. 
and tb(i trin), iiliicb took pUce in the ^arlj pact of (h« freieni 
tDODtli, [>ro¥ed tit be ^f ^xo^ptioDiul interest. The v^a^ef ^ttaiue-d 
and kapt ajt thrtrOgUtiut tib« trip it Sp6(^(i tanoli b^^'oud t.bA.1 
gmnoteei), and this wae ^ane nude* utraToo table coDditiom of 
wind and sea, aod without (be aliiftit^dt indication or vibratioo. 
TboQg-b the mHEiifaatarera iin; comparntivBl; a yaaag Gttn, thc^ 
bftTe Bohicved, io this iuatance, a Baoaeaa of which the tildait 
Siax iDi§;bt be proud, a« both the bailders nnd (lio ownera of the 
TeBwl »rs ino«t ompbiitic in their prniee of the macbinery nod its 
capabtljtiea ia actnnl xork, Aa aboivriiig the macbiueryeffioieiiey, 
ftTBr BOO I.H.P, was iodtcBted orer a mean of sorernl hoata. lhi» 
beiofi; K|Qa1 t a 19-7 I.H.I', pfeif wjaara font of grate ^urrjtw, and 
one l.K.P. for each 2'2:} nijnaro feet of lieating Biii^aci» &iiic« 
tbe trial, ibe otrnerB bar's written, e-ipreeeis^ tbsir aaiiafa«tion 
'wiib tha machinerjr, atid itatiog that it boa met, with tbe 
faTonrable critioiBm. of the OooIb engicaeiB. 

Foundries ccinCinue to he kept fairlj bnaj. and ia tbs forcei 
(W« ia Dot ae yet aor miiTked lilackneu to vomplain at, Bruu 
-*od oopppr worliH are g'enerally bnaj, And the locol itoa works 

■re k*pt Btaiidilj' gjing. 

Maura. Robt! Boxrran & Co., ot 3, St. TJiohotoa' Buildiaf^a, 
Ifewematle, have rflcsiFod an order (or a. " Slookporl'' jfae 
enginaor large power, to be put dann at the Patmer's Bill 
Wocka, when one or two bng'inea of tbie speoikl typ« have 
unmd J been in u»a for a oooBidprable period. Meaars. Bowisn, 
ib abonld be exptaiDed. ara the Northern ageate f-oi the " Stock- 
V)n " ongine, whirh ix tiiaDutiictured at tbo towo from which it 
tokee its vams, by Mesare. A.ndrena A Co., and whiob has 
■lOhiATed A world-wide- f»nie ^mojig &ia.nur4«tarerj. 

The H&rtlep9oU. — Tb« jcifiU at tbi« i^tDtre arv utiU very well 
BopplJfA vrith Kith new otiJ old work, aiid iu the case of MB«i.tB, 
Irriiie ^ Co. it ia leported thut a new <irdor of impartaiice hsa 
been BHuared. M the Banlepool Engine Worit» (Meurs. 
fiioIiurdsoD. & Sons) biiHiiieflB ia lery HCtiT«, nut ouly in lh« 
eagiDEeriDg department n, bat also in the fi>r,ge bd^ boiler Bh(ip«. 
vd in the supple me oturj ebopD nbers' eTaporatera and other 
BcoeoHirieA at« nifjiniirik<L'turi.-d, THie Ceotral Marine Works are 
alio Torj bHfekij omplojcd. 

StttoktOD.— The eBtabtiehment nf MeAam. Rapner k Bnn 
£irw the beet iudlcotion of proatwroma |jiidi.<UH iu occupied 
boildiag bertha, and iaitiaiory depiirtineiits fallj engaged, ^t 
ttta other shipbuilding jratde baBiDesN ia gJao witiefactory. 
Engineerirg works icoctiJine to show acttrity, and rolling niiila 
arakept in diead; i>peTBtio<ii . 

Hlddleibro'. — Ueaara, KajltoD Diion ft Go. aro eaid to be 
^uttiD^; down B HteaiD«r of ih^ r?ry iKrjreM olnfs, and UoMrH, 
CngK* A Soua ate baaify titipag^d with repair work na well 
&a with vessels ou tbe •tocks. Steel work* are g^BKtailj busy, 
Kud both btidsG work« and fouodrioa arawell enpioyed. 

CODiett — Iu the plate rolliTLg mtlla. ib nUe iu tha nn^le nilla 
of the Cauaett Icim C<'' . orders continue plvntifal, and a large 
weekly untpDt IB tnainlaliied. 



THE MERSEY. 

[Auni i^urovn L'orrelpotitltnt.^ 



L 

V .A MORE satisfactory tone prevails gensmlly in the iron, 

B ^*^ engiD«erin(r. and BbipbuildiDglradM ot (bis disTridt. Id 

the iron trade the position is beoivmitig ateadily etrongior, and it 

ia eipe«ted that bofore loiic a cocsiderable weight of buying will 

^_ bkT* tu uome xipan the niarkel. With regard t« thr- engineering 

^1 badea, actiiitr ie generalij- well luaiutaioed. ila«biiiie tool 

^H taakan %'^ fall of wtirk. both for aiarine and general teiiairc- 

^H Bianta. Locomotive buildora we aiao well engaged, aad etatioo. 

J^ a*7 engine builders atid boilei-mnkora have plenty of work in 

^^ hapd. Sdois brant.' bea a1 the textile tn&ohiBe-mBkiag indnstrf 

atiil cootinuB rather alaok, but tbia la the only dsparttoflnt of 

ttade in which tlipre are iiny oomplBiDtB of inautieity. 

■ The moat iniportanl event during the month has been tha 

I aattletnaiit of the 'iiepntsi io the Oldham muchina-mnkiiig ti'ttdei. 

H whioh t)M*f[ecii:d tiboQt !2:,00U men. Early ia the motitb au 

B agremnept waaoome to withoQB of the flrme ufieclod— Sleasra. 

' Aaa LetiB & Co, — and work wna reaamed nt their eetabtishtnent. 

TheworkmeD's joi&t cottimiltea than ^pptoatbed Meaaia. Platl 



3r0B., the lorgMt ftm in the dirtritrt, witb a view of effecting a 
•ettleiDent witb tbem on the aaina t«rmfl sa tbo«e wtioh bad bMti 
agraed to by Me>sra. Aia Leea. After conBiderable ttegoUutJoii. 
Measra. I^latt laid before the men the tenoa an ii'faiob they werv 
willing to allow the men to resnme work. Tbeir propoaal waa 
that mecbaalcn, Cttors aiid turners engaged on pieoe'Work, puid 
not earning more ihaii 41s-. per week, should ^ pdvnneed 6- ["M 
(^eoti, and grinder" Is. p?-r week, und neitli«r theae inl^eaMB DOr 
the s-dTsnce preTlduBly graatAd to lur1>oure-ra nhUTild come ont of 
tli« piedamork dlfideade. The firm atated, bnweTer, that owing 
to departmental ohnnges made during th» strike tliej would not 
be ablo to reinatato aU the men in th«ir oldpositiooa, Tha 
workmen accepted the propoeala resppoting plcoework wages. 
but declined to return to wotli until the Qrm guaranteed that 
every maD shoald ba reinntated in tie old position -without pr^' 
judice. To- tbie condition the tirto finally agreod. and f,a tbeir 
deciaion being made known operationa wer-e i-mniediate-lj' 
reHuinod tt Metigra. Platta' work*. The dispute with the abora 
Urtn had looted kI&s weeks., i>.nd elT«cled about i),000 men. 

The iiaaal monthly retama of the principal engineering trade 
tmiona ehow a r-edoctloD in the number of oDe-mplayed membera 
on tha books. Tha Aoialdatnat^d Bocieity of Engioeera report 
on); 3 per cent, on donallon, and with the eeltlement of the 
Oldham diBpnt« tbia enmber hae been caQBidBrB.bly reduced. 
In the Mn.acl.eBter di^ln'ct tber« are lose than 2 per ueiit. on 
benefit. Tiio llaoiiine Worktra' AssociatioQ report* only 1 per 
cent, ia tbis dietriot, and 3 per cent. Ihrcngboat lie aooiely, on 
donatian. The Steam Eo^n-e U^kera' Society baa not mote 
than 1 pet cent, of ita memberthip raceiving Bupport. The con- 
dition of trade ia reported as y»Tj autiifaotory, and in marina 
centres aativity ia well flaa.tniaed. During the nuonth adraucea 
of wagaabave been obtained in namerciieicnpoitBntceotree,and 
Ibe notice recenUy Mnt to the London emplt^exa reapeoting 
tbe eight-hours day has elicited tery eatiefactory reapQixsna 
from many of the emploTorB- It the monthly repoit of the 
Amatgnmate-d Society of Eagineete reference ia made to the 
niBpLine labour qucatioo. The general eeeretnTy bare — as in bla 
*«ply til tb« ompluycs'mBnifeato— acknowledges the conclliatMj 
language in which the letter aent by the Federation waa coached, 
but regrets that the emp'oyera failed to iiifftt the men's propoaale 
favont^bty. Mr. Arramdale'^conimnnioatiou might., heaiLye.faave 
aomethiogtodD witti it, batbowever that laigh tbe. the Amalgaci- 
ated Eot-ielj (if EneinecrB would make farther eHortB to get an ad- 
jaatmtjnt made of tlie conflicting priuciplfle add iBtereats inwolred, 
without injtual )i<jBtili:^7 or ill-feHliog. With regard to the now 
uombination of tl>o SlanchMtar employers, tho Bacretary remarka 
[hat the Federation. -Ka-S ectending ita borders by tha incluBion 
of (be MaucheHter Emplojera' Aapooiation. and now covered the 
chief enginnerinff Mntree. Tbe need then fur hrondeaiiig and 
fltrflQKtlhening the bnsia of nnionisni had now been made 
Bufflciently manifeat. 

Meaara." Lairil. Bros., of Birkenhead, report that good prggrSBS 
ia beins: made with the Glf;/, and they eapeot Ibfl Uis fo-urth 
of ibe Iriiih mail bcate wi|J be InuDclisd neit month. The Strike 
gf ebipbaildere at thnir eetabliabmeut, which aroee oat of a dia- 
pute witb the drilUre On the qoeation -of demarcation of work. 
baa been aeltl-ed, and the men bare resoined (tpenitione. 

Maun. J. Booo 4 Co.. Cromrord Court. MMcliBBter, are 
bringiDg ont u new fn&talHo packing, epeoially suitable foe 
marine endineR. Tbia packing conalBts of an outer caao, bmtt 
op in eeotioDS, having three separate compartaiantB, in wjiich 
arohold the metftllie ringe- In eaot of the cpmpartmeuta are 
two ringa. each divided into ttrei^ aegmenla and held at an 
9qoal preanare to tbe rod by inca:iaDf a composite metal apiral 
spring baud, nrhicb ia nntiffdcled by beat, and la not liable to 
ooiraBioa. Ample a-pace ia allowed for the riiiga to mo»e freely 
with any oacillatioo that may be caused by the rod not being in 
lioe with the cylinder. The packincrs will laat a» long an any 
other working pnrC tjf tbe engine, and require uo attention a'ter 
being put on. They oanw no injury to the rod, and are quite 
eteBm-tight. under the moat seveie preeaute. AU^gether tbe 
" Boon " packitig f ortpa a vary aimpte and efficient arrangement. 

Some tin? buck we gave an itlnFtrsted toAtice of a largft 
mnltiple ponchiTig machine hoilt by Messrs. De Bcrgtie .t* Co.. 
of UanchtBtec, for punchiiLg pontoon plates. Tbe same firm 
are now conBtructiug anotber of theae machine*, which ia to be 
used for punoting the platva in tbe largCHt noatiDg dock ever 
made, weighing some llf.UOO tone, and for which Ueian> 
Stevenson, of Newoaatle. have obtained tbe order. This 
pnnobiog machine will he of tbe same type aa that auppUed to 



10< 



THB MAfiIXE ENQISEEK. 



[June 1, 1897. 



llMvn. Bmn A BanUr. The Ann tin alio reij btiaf on ordmm 
fof tlj«Jr pncijiiikllD riTDtnn, for wbtob then ia Jail non ui 

Tb* ItMuiDOiit l^untp VVvikii Stoolfpvcti »r« nov mfeking 

th*lr " Rapid ' ' ot»t«iru|[»l patnpi ia th* dcoble fonn^ Is ttita 
■rrufiamnnt tifo iiuiupi Ate flx*d l« tb« oue b*MpUle, uid 
Mmplnil tOKaChnr hjr nimiiva of a oentnl paltaj, driven bj one 
b«ll. Earl) puinp ti, boHCver, quite fndflpeDdent in aetion. ttaa 
MlTBDCAiKaor ili» iloubia fann beiuff comfwoltiai* and eoonomf 
In drivlmj; powitr. Ttiey are alao tnAbcig an improred deaign in 
(team pii>ii[»', in nhioh tbe pump aod engine nro on the lama 
bad-plntifir liie boll being driTon diTecL trotn the fly-irbeel. 
Tbli alev >e a rerf cucapact and wooocaioal ariaii§;eiiLenl. 

Mr. Jamod II (»] g-kiUBOU , pf Salford, hat rBOeitlj rnt^e 
■«vatBl imp'roTemAbU in hie ■tcam.^DefatiDj and meebtnical 
■tilklog ptiiit. In Ki» stcnm-gfliieralor and anperlieAt^r the 
anmn^emiBnt ul tho |)ipea bne been ■nodi'fied, k> tbat tbef can be 
raadil; r« mo veil for cleaomp; and other puipoae*. This 
generator ia ipecixllj adapted for marine re<]Qirement«, atd ia 
kTery cooDcinjical arraogement. In Mr. Hudgkicaoa'! patent 
BMobanloal I'oking Htukr^r, tbe- fkirapncee bare been enlarpid, 
ftad the fonu of tbe tap' coking nr distribDting plat« hat been 
Alttrad, with tbq reaalt tbat gr»at«r durabilitj la Mcnred. 

In oonQPOliob wLtb the dow goods vrarehoiiBA i^tab i# heilig 
built in Ma&()faMt«r b^ tli» Qre*t Ncftbern HaUwa^ Ca., it 
la raported that Heaen, Heenaa A Frond, oT MftDnbaaiar t 
Kaajr, of Birmingham; and Harr-old, orObugo<T,havea«anred tbn 
oontrustn for tbe whole oltheateel work-wme 13,000 lona— 
that will b» required. 

Duritig^ l\i« paet monlb the paRiticn of tbe iron trade baa 
■boira a decided impravemeBt. AUh^ag-b there haa beea no 
marked JDoreoM la tbe weiffbt of bbaineaa duiugi prieee bsve 
BSiamed aatroDKer l>OD«, and makera, DptwitbalAiiditi^ nniter- 
■eUtng hj merr^haata, hold firmly to th«ir qaoted ratei. For 
local and diatriot brands of pi^-Lroo, qaotaliona are withont 
altsratjon. Dafie^ tbe mouth tbe Linoolcisbire fumaoe pro- 
piietoni have held a oonpiieor meetinf^s to oonaidflr pricea, but 
baro oome to IbfldeoiHion not togive ws;- on Lbeii present liet, 
whilst (or one apooinl brnnd an adranDie ia being qaoI«d, 
DelivBTed MaDcheatar, Lanaohbire, (cr^e ig. quoted 46a. 6d. and 
foondrj 48«. 6d. ]eag 'ilj; LiDCalnshirv forge -tte- And fonttdrj 
4&». 6d. , witt Decbyahire fouadrj *7b. to 19». um Jelivorod 
MkAahttter, but war&haDu Would takb cotiaiderAbI/ under tbe 
above figures, Outtide brenda have ahown an iipnant move ot 
froa 6d. to li. par ton. For ordinnry foundry Middleabrougb 
msrebanta vould not take nniier -Itiii. -id., whilat for special 
branda maken areqciotiog 4^1, Id. deliTeied by rail, Manchealer. 
Kgltabon nnd Gleogaroock are firm at Kki. Od. delirered 
Irftnoaabire porta, and ■iAt, 'Ji. to 49a, net, prompt caab, 
delitwed ManohDater Docke, wilb A.nieiican pig-tron BTbragiug 
-l<!e. lo -iTa. net <l«UrerBd Docks. 

Id the finiabedl iron trilida bneineBB comes forward but alow It, 
and prices for bare and Bhe«ts ahow no improvc'ment upon the 
weak tane re-p.orlt'd lait munth. For Lancnahire bexa makera 
qiiot't l'& 17b, 66., Lut they are not in all uaeea firm at xbii 
Ugure, wbilo merchanta are cBeriEg Ht la. 6d, per Ion \ma. : for 
NoitbStaSordabirc^ bara maker* BtiltaaklG 2a. Sd. to £S 5e., 
ileUrered here. Bhccta oontinoe weak, and £7 to £7 2b. 6d. 
tepnaeDta about tbe arerage figutea. Hoopa ue im\j in a 
liajtvd demaTid, bat there it in> change in pricce, whieb rem&tn 
a.t TG 10*. for toDdom tA £4 ISit. for apecial cut Ungtha, 
deltrsred Mkhj: heater dtatnct^ with it. Gd. leaa (or tbipbaect. 

No tnetarial (change is noticeable in theetepl trade, aicept aa 
rcKa^'Iabcnul ilea, «biL'b have eated down about la. per tun, ord in- 
ktj fouudrj tiuiiliiiee bnivg quw (obtainable at r>TB, to 6tis. leaa 2^. 
LoimI made billetM remain at abooc £1 10a. net delivered bare. 
In Sniabed etee], Bome fair ordera bave been giren oat, and for 
bara £'1 St, M. to £fi Ga. baa been got, whilat tnakere of boiler 
platea «re dviiUnirg to bake Kiythiug' under Si^ ia- per ton, 
dallvered in tbiadiitrict. 

In thii m^iUI market the redent fall in copper led to a lednC' 
Ihm <i! JJ. per lb, in " lint"' ratea for brazed braaa tubes, rolled 
braaa anil brsaa and copper irifB. Makera. boweTer, are Ter; 
buay, and kjLIi the upward more that hBB«inCB taken plaoe in 
copper tbore haa, with the cloae of mouth, been a retura 
ts tbe otil Hal. ratra for maoufaotarcd goods. Liet ratee 
llftred HanQboatec dlatfJct am aa and^t ^ — Solid dTawn bras^ 
i7Jd.i ouhdaatar Inbee, S^J. i loopper tubea. yjd. ; bfaied 
' tub**, Hjil. ) bnivil brariH tnbee, 8j|d. ; brass wire, 6jd. f 
n wire, 7t>l, ; rolled brUB, tid. per lb. 



Tbora is no apacial neir feature (o notioe in tbe timber trndsi 
Imporla bare been moderate, aod with deliTeriee fairly aaiiafj ; 
Btoeka are radneed lo ■ rcatonable limiti piic-^s are pracUoallf 
uDohaoBed. FtwEact India iE«k tbe'r^ \i ».fi.irlj i^t^'adj^demucd, 
with atocks Hot eaceenva, and j ricea.uiiali"etl. Tbero baab**« 
a gMd detnknd rccr ([RvBbeBrt, but stocks iit- ivaple, and valoea 
witbont change. 

A steady baHJoaai oomea forward in the ooal trade, and (uta 
ue kept going abonl five daja a week. Hoaie coals hare beea 
in good d«mand.conBideriD(; tbe time of tbe jear.and prices 
geiier«l1j are msinTAJncKt at late imiem, althooRb bere and tb(r« 
BOme eligbt euing down npon these if no'.irf able. Steam and 
forge coals move cB fairlj well, bat with supplies amp^e, prices 
(ire kept low. At tbe pJLmonth best Wiifau Arley areis^ lOa, 
to lOv. 6d. : I'^mberton fgnr-t^ot anda^o'in'l- Aifl«;. 8i. toSs. lid,; 
coKunoA boose coale, 68. 6d, to Te.;«t«am and forge cool, Si.M. to 
<ka- 4d. With regard to the loeomotiie fuel contriQts, one of tbe 
large oompaniee has succeadid in oblainiag its anpp]i«a at 
5i M. per too at the pit, ard neitber of tbeee nor npon gae coal 
coQtTBCta ia it likely that collierj owners will be aVie to »ecura 
an)- material adninoean last yeocB prices. Eogine fael motsa 
off readily, andallhoog^h the ootpat in abore tbe areragefortfas 
time of toe jear, rapplid are not etoeseire nsd pric«a abow a 
biudening keoiteiiej, eligiht advances being got in mon^ Cat«* On 
forward contiacti. At the pitmou<h fOmOioEi 4lack BT«rag>M 

3s. 3d. to 3f. M I medinm unte, Ss. 9d. lo 4'. Sd., and belt 

qualities, 4a. M. to Ss. per too. 

In tbe tthipping trades fa.i[ baBineea ia reported to bestiiring, 
bot pri<ves ixiolinue low, oommon, ateom coa3, deliveml at ib« 
Maraey ports, not aTero^ing more tbaa It.iid, la 7b, Gi. pev 
ton. 



BELFAST TBADE NOIIIS, 

(from our otcn OnrMpwuknt.) 

THE lanie boay state of trade still eoBtinuae in all the afai^- 
biiildiDg and engineering works in poanecllno with this 
port, and eTerythiog aeems to point lo a prOHperona year, as aa 
instanee of wbicb we were informed the other day tbat one 
firm o( copperBmiiha had booked ordere (or (ill tbe winch ^pee 
and deck filtioga for twelve ateaniere from one ftrm iilone, 
TbiB means woTk, material, and money, aa they are all large 

VSMclS, , . 

QlBEsrs. Harland A Wolff. Limited, have been eilremel^ bua^ 
getting the Ha mbure- American atenmer Atijui'a t leCorio 
finiebed. Thia veaiel bas been here for about aii manlhfl, sbe 
having been pat into graving dock aod cut in l^vo, which delio&ts 
opemtion vraa peifoimed mosk BBOOM^fnliy, increaBiog her 
length by (JO ft. 8 in., and 9-lao incroaaing her carryio^- eapaeity 
by 1,500 tuna, besides j^iviB^ aliirge noiOBnt of added deck upaoe^ 
which is used for mcreasod saloon and cabin acoommodalion. 
We may jnet Eneotioii in paaaing that tbia i» the twelfth veaael 
!ength&ned by tbe above eminent firm ilaring the post i6 
years, the one prorious bcine tbe lioiaa llaer Scot, which bad 
50 U. put into her. In the naae of tbe A'ig'ifl'i Viniori-a, her- 
TOBohinery haa beeo tboronghlp OTeihanled and adjusted, her 
boiler-room te-a-rrantied with additional boiler power, capable 
of indicating little abort o( 2(J,O0U H,I*. TheleDgthof thii 
Tssael IB now 6'iii ft., beam 64 f t . depth 4'i ft. Sne has two 
pole masls and three fnnnela, aod we should aay aba is now 
one of tbe Qseat Teaaela in the paeiiengertrn.de on the Atlantis. 
Aaa miatter of fact ahe is mott magaificeutty fitted oat ia every 
respeot. the salioonB and aooOmnodAtion bein.^ very lar^, 
and fitted with every eonv«Tiience and comfort for ooeaja 
travell^ra. 

The H am bnrg-- American Co. COE now boast of having the 
largest tonnage afloat in the world. Tbe jubilee of this oom- 
paoy IB to bt celebrated in Hamburg on tbe -7th inet., u>d 
Bome idea of the inaportanoe attoohed ti> the ocoasji^n ma^ b4 
gleaned from tJie fact th^t it isunderetoi^dhia Imperial Majesty 
tbe F-mperor, accompanied by the prinoipol Klale omoiali. 
will be. in attendance. A State boniiuvt nill be given un board 
the Aaijmia ViciorU-. and anyone who has bad the pnvilMoof 
esamintng her aatoon acoommodation will easily balieve dhe is 
apeoially adapted for sDcb a foaclion, ae tbe uiain aaloon, 
mnsictoom, aoi^ial hull, ific, are eacL in tbeir pMticvlar waj 

Cerlect eKatuplee ol comfort nod elef^ance. She left the port 
i»l week nndcr the command of Captain Carl Ivattnpff. and 
after adjuating compafla«a and hacing a run down the Luu^ 
to Dee if all naa in^ood order, proceeded to Hambarg, tccna 



I 
I 



I 



I 



F 



June 1, 1S97.] 



THE MARINE ENGINEElt. 



105 



wliicl) port the will atiortly be ^gvn od the WestcFD OceKosa 
oDBot itagreyfaoncLda. n.nd WQ troBt thkl kfter bJI ttae money. 
cft<«, rLud tbaagbt which has been eKpenied en ber, she nill 
prove ben«l£ worthy of it. 

Tlu lfct«dt Addition to the mignifioect fleet of ihe Wliiba Bittt 
Lin* it lh» i.B. Driphic, -which wub rtKiBiitly lft\iiicheil by MeearB. 
HarUDd & WtiltT. and ntiioh Ittt theit doi^li od May l£th, to 
MJjiul compaB8«'8 and try Iier maobinery. After ■ most aatij- 
Iftutory triu to botb. oirDers and faDildarB,. tbc^ ate&mer I«fc for 
Iiiverpool sahio oveoiDg. She vrill thero ]o»d for Sew YDrk, 
bol we anderstBod bLb will luke her Etatioo on the Laodoa ftnd 
K6W Zefcluid r«i)t«, iieing epeolKllj Dtied with oioq holds tor 
Uie nrrying of daad mot ton. 

Ilia a.s. LaiiijUm GraiigiXbH hereafter Iravini^'h.er mftdiinery, 
Mc. tfaorongbl^ovarliaiiled b; her buiidera, Meeara. Workmaa, 
CIvk & Co., after her recent severe eiperjeoce and mUfurtiuM 
ia the .\tluitic, 1.0 reiame her dbdsI route trom Loadan la Hew 
ZekUnd 

Both MewTB. HarlitDd ^t Wolff. Liiiilt«4. Kod Wortwo, CUrk 
A Co.. Limited, have aeveTal large Tcasela nea-rW competed, 
ftad also a fen ready for launching. Allogetber' the e.lij{'hnild- 
iog aoij engioet-nc^ trade at ttiie )>ort Ik tit^ ttoariihii^g, and 
we trost tliat nothiDU will ctop ap over the ea^^iK-ers' wagsa 
question to raar the hOirmODy ol iKJod trade and good wagea. 

U«Mn. Coombe, Sarboar & Cootabe bad a deatrar.tive fire 
in one d^partm^nt of tbuir works in the beginning of the looath, 
which did a iBfg^e ain«tint of dntnagp, mostly in tbe eifOtt and 
Bniihiog departnicnta. They bavr erected teni|>orHry wark- 
■hopa to em|[)lay their bands and renew tbcLr ordpra. 

Altogether the bade here at preMTit is remiirkably good in 
all tiranchea — ihipbuildine. enpneericm. moiilderti. anil Hmall 
mMtaiue works btiot; full of orders for Bome lime to Gume. 



KOBTHWEST OF XMOL&HD. 

[From oUf tiit-n Cerrffpundcnl.) 



H Barrow. — With referen^o to new b'a«ineat in the Bbipbnilding 
^^ and miuine ecgineeriD^ trades of the North-We»t of England 
^B tbere ia none to report, 7'bers ure not many enqniriee in the 
^F iDBiket for cnmnieroial tonnage, and many yards are much 
better cat out for tb? cheap cImb of tonitage in vagna in 
almost all ihigii^iDg excefXing that c»f the QrvtolaBs (ban axe 
IfaoBQ of Parrow,. con atyj He'll t]y the kotive ooinpetilion ci- 
parienoed runs local bnildars to aome e\teDt oat of the miLrkrt. 
^en can be no qnpstian aboat it that yarda wbicb have bean 
■oonatamed to the b(^st type nf Admiralty work, and whicb 
faaTB baiEt soine of the bes; olasa of ocean steamera ih the 
pajeenget ■eiviav', capnot boild aa econamioally as otbeca can 
tfae lower (>radeB of tonnaiia, becau^Q it i^ )mp<iti9ible U> seoare 
as much n'ork from men who hate been trained ir> do it Well 
and thcroughtv, and ap to the highest Btandatda,aB can be done 
where ihc conditions of leata and inepection aie i^vere. There- 
lore if there in not much doiiig in good commercial wnrk or in 
Adimiriiliy work, the yards acctistoDed to deal wjtb this trade 
are mow or losadepresefld. In the ca£e of Barrow, fortunately 
the work in hand foi the Biitiah Admiralty ia fairly Urjje, and 
is at pTesent engaging tnnoh attentioii, so that in thsiaterirn, 
while new orders are Boarce, a fair amottnt of activity ia 
maintained. Bat new ordera itre required even now. aad'if a 
regularity of activify ig to be aacored they mnat be obtained 
before long, Tbe change in the owner&hip of the liarrow yard, 
whi&h bis DOW been satiefactorily arranged on both udea. andf 
wMoh lakes effect at tbeendofJuDe.pota matters in ■ state nme- 
Wbat of traniition, but aa tht old ataff of the Naval Cooetmetica 
and Armaint-ini! Co. is retained by Messrs. Vickers, Son & Co., 
with Mr, A. AdaniBijii. tlie niiiiiafluni director, at its hoad; the 
negotifttioiiH i>cniiirig for new buHiJiese are beinj^ carried on. and 
wiJl j.n>b»bly lead to new nnlers tit an tarly dale. Further 
than this, it in alifemly c-tiileiil that the new owners Iieto been 
looking well abea^l. juni hove ipeen preparing to put down oouio 
new tonnage, chit^fly in liie form of war veM^U of smrious tjpeo, 
whicl) have been the subject of negatiationR for aome time. 
Banrjw. in fact, is about to open itH works to the building of 
nliipa for foreign navir». and for this spei-ial work McRHrs. 
Vickers arc undnubtedly wlII proparwi by reaBoii of the fact 
that thoy prrMLui:<; their own armour pintea and their own i^an% 
whiob they will be ablt to utilise gn fchips built at tlieir Barrow 
yanl. "Vickera' arniour plates are of ooiirae well known and 
highly appreciated by both Ber Maj^tye GoTerniuent and by 
forciKu Powers, whioh ha»o bad the opportnnity ol jndginw uf 
the marrellciiis testa to which these platea have bwn put. Bnt 



aa (;nn makers, Meears. Vichers have only recently ooramenced 
bonineBS. They, howBTer, have Geonred severil important 
pnttrat^, whicli have proved of ^rtat valoe and iiuportanoe. and 
It isoonfidently beliaved by ei per Is that ibesegiins will win fnr 
themselves a jwrnitioo ej]nal, if not sap^t-ior to tJial of any gun 
yet known. Tliese guns will be inanafaotured in Sheffield 
and tested at Kskweals, on the Cumbt^rland coast, a place 
aituiited fibnnl thirty niiiea from Barrow. A viait was paid to 
Barrow in the raiddlc of May by several goutlfmeii connected 
with tb« 'Japaneee Lention. and they were taken (hrongb Ihe 
Barrow Yard by Mr, John Vickere (obaiTcaan ol bli 
company), Mr. Albert Vioke», Mr. Jamas Dann, th« new 
director, Ur. A. Adamson. and otbera. At a limehaon after- 
warda in tbe Board Room. Captain Yendo. Xaval Attache to 
the Japanese Le-gstion, on behalf of th« CcmmiaBion, eipiesaed 
how pleased thev had been to aee the oapHhiiities of tbe worlu 
for turning oat biKh-claaii warships of uvery deeoription. It ia 
probable tniav)»it of the Japanese Commii'SLon to Barrow wilf 
mean new bDoinesaio Bajrow. At any rate, whether or not, it 
ia no secret that the building of new warsfaipa for other Po«er« 
will fioan be the accompliehed fact at Barran, There is not 
an e(]nally good prospect, at the moiment of new work coming 
to hand from commorcial sonrcee. The appointment of Mr, 
James Dans, late of the .^dairalty, where he was Seoior Con- 
Atraator ttndor Sir Wm. White, ie » good one, Ke will act as 
Naval adviaet- to Ueure. Viokert, and will be able to in&Tienae 
a deal of new orders lolbeyard. Tbe first of the two twio. 
screw steamers boililing at Barrow for the Great Wealern Rail- 
way Co.. for tbe Channe] lalanda Service, is nuw on her trial 
trip. She ia to steam '.iO knota. Her aister.ahip. the Anwdrer. 
ia being rapidly comple-tod and will be ready for early trial. 
Another Bteamer o-f the ^atn^ line, the Jt";f, which eaataiued 
injuries in the £ngttah Channel aome ahon time *go. ia ondar- 
going repairs at Barrow, and her engines are bain^ overhauled. 
A-mongat tbe other lepair work on band are three Clan Line 
ateanier», which are being tripled. The wirk of oompleting the 
yiolr. firat-GlasH critiisor, is proceeding Tety well. Her engines 
have b««n fixed in their jilacoa, and her 36 Belleville boikra we 
nearly r&ady to be liltei^ ie. The aieter ship to tbe Kifbe, the 
AniiihUrilf, is a Bcane of activity in the dhipbnilding depart- 
raent. The f oar torpedo-boat destroyers, Jci.", Otirr. Uitfcrn, 
and l.tojmril. are going through preliminary eiporimentel trials, 
The new Fleetwood boat, the Diiif ■•/ Corfimlt. and the .Man- 
oheeter <"orporation slmlga-bOAt are well in frame. In iha 
eBf-iQcaringdrtpftrtment tliereisat present need of new orders, 
bat thesi- are hki^ly Boon to be secured. 

Weat Cumberlaul.— .V raihsr qnieter tone is ehcwu la the 
Bliiphuililing trade of Weet Combtdand, but it js oulv ol a 
temporary charActcr, anditia probfble before long other ne^ 
work will be coirunenced. 




hftv« 



id. 
now been reduced fliece the befiinuitnf of the year, 
If), Tail tons, and now aland at SIT, 310 Ton^ ; 37 furnftpeB are in 
tilaat aacMirjiared wiibSH in the corresponding week ■.flaat year. 

Shipbuilding Material —Tbere Is a very good and ateady 
dc-niand for phiiihiiildLii^ muierial, Knd the local mills ar» all 
bdHily tmpltijed, but ordera are cominp to bandmott from ont- 
aide than from local BQurc«s. This poaitioa, however, ia likoly 
Boon! to be changed, 

BhlpplDj.—The ihipping relnrng from West Coaat porta 
show ateadj increases. The eiLporte of pig-iron this year, m> 
(ai have reached 179,590 tone, and of stMJ lifi.67S ton*, aa 
compared with ]fc'>,075 tons of pig-iron, and Ift&,77H tona of 
st«c! in the corresponding period of last year, showing an 
increaae of ,i3,615 tons of pig-jroa, and a decrease of 18,100 
tons of atecU 



Tht Sat-al Jnfiiial/or iSSl. By Hon. T. A. Brasaey. Porta- 
mouth : J. OriSin ± Co. 19117, 
Aft time goe« on and the pnblio becomes more and more 
edneated to onderstand oor depenilenccon the Navy, the gencraJ 
reader takes moro and more intere»t in tbia annua) pubbcation. 
Thiit intellifjiont interest is in tome sort dne to the work of Lord 
Brasaey. thu father of the present editor, and onginator ol the 
Anooal. Itia, therefore, with fmliu^B of axnieaarpriM anil muob 
griei that we read in an -taBay on ihe TroKrena of the Britiah 
Navy, by tbo editor, wbjob ooniiitutee the fiiat part ol the. 
present isBue. a remark (otheeSeot that it woiUd be '-iutwis*of 



THE VARIHE ENGIKEER. 



[JoDc 1, 1897. 



IfcoM ntrrtntUt tot tlw Mmttm nf A» Unttrm to toka tmtt 
Uyaff* «f lb* vnmmt mUOv ot ynhU ImOi^g." PoUio b*l 
lag tw«. It atmmt to u«, noe«til»«d tiwl lU oomh 



_ ■■lAkJ e( ik* Hft 

li vtui lA M, uid Um M«nir; will, tb^Be»r«, cbMrfoD/ ingfaiii 
Mf barilma vhlnb il'-ta tMtwjuafliUi for lb« 4rflio< «( lb« 
Wastry ItaJfik ll nacMMry to lay ufion fha t4Xp«7«r ta ordir 
Am oor mum pMMMlan at thai cummftnd cl w m* may b« 
— tohd wJ. Tbo rMprjQsIbUUy r.f oar nOan la ibvrrfora tm^ 
IwSdr iBcrMMd Tb«> kw-m wc aII •« thM Um nirit of 
WMtUkdof MKgraadJMinveiiakbroa-J Ms-Tfrt tlw MliOM ol 
£«»('•, M)A UtAt At Ml)' moniBttt th« «Mtk mmy Sad tk« CMBir 
M Ihtlr tluMts. Tluiy nia*t thcrotor* keep u aWoay, ftttd 
Anne In proportion to th» •trm^h whl«li ottiv nUtaaa *ta 
laeamaUttiaa Tha U«k an before our l.'&Uoai U rendered 
— l er tqr tlw fMlinf of Ilialexpftyer. uul Ifeougb ibejr Mruinl; 
wmld Dot be JQRtirlad la WBation oat rcaoarcav, lb«7 h^n b<i 
•Mliaa, in tbe prefect twnper vf the natlDv, (oi not proTidiae 
idiqMWy rur tha muDUnaii':* of oar aHlal; Bader aJl 
cfavBinMunM. Mr Br&Mey tpcfticfl tyf tbe tODdtaar to ba 
bvlaltuidvf til* DMautty forcorbian it. We must M^ttut m 
fM ■• bwr0 aaeu no aucb Undency. There wu nMblog ia the 
Movnl Rilihmlea to aagrgett it Nay. from whU bu ro-ix 
bti-iy-ntd In regard to ibe fiUns ot otbera, we should aat be 
nrpriaHl if tht Goveramtiit llioiwht tiem aonieirhAt iaanffi- 
titau. Waarvp^wed JDJaed to find tbe oditor ct( BraMrj'c 
Vaea; JinuatUkingOiia line, and weliM« tbat Uw wvrds wq 
n«a luoud may ba capable of aomc otbai oonatractioa thaa 
tfiMla wblob wa nnderatar.d I'bam 

fiat tbQTaJiicol xtie Ktelutics and of the hletor? oompeiaed ia 
Bm rolnma ia uatffteteA b; the opinioov eipreaiwd b; ttaaeditur. 
HlarrtHBK of the progTr#fc of the K&r j dorinjt the year iaoompre- 
hMulv* and valaable- H* giv<« p«rttc«tan <4 the ship* Uid 
<8ara,la a aahed, and tried, and ibe booJt ia ^mb^Hisbed wiUi 
ftrf flrw raprawntationa of the aecond elan craUer i.VI>;,>« and 
of a Lairil-bnilt thirly-knot deglte7«r. A tu>t4 «( the tiMn 
iaiportaiit nverbanla of the older vesaela ia ^*eii, and obnrva- 
ttOMara alao noade on the paraoniiel ot the Navy. Be«T«t. in 
whiab we cordtaJly ibare, U espresaed as to tba omiaaioo of tba 
'dmlraUy toDikke ptoviHgn tor alarge incrcaseiii tbeDQinbera 

! Iha IUtiI Ndval IC«e*rTe. 

Ai TBffirAs, tijteign NsTiea. weleara that tbe ijHAmby «luoh 
•D maJi7 r,r ihd Adot FreoGb ghjpi have eioeeded their eatimatod 
diaplKciinient to the cost of tb«ir eitictency as sea boate. ia 
oow kn a fair waj to ht aboUahed. a new bateau of constrnctiOD 
h^rlnit bean ia»tltul«d. Atteation li called ^eo to tbe 
dm-lopmtDt ot the Itaegiaa Volanleer Fl«t. an or^ani- 
Miion whicli oertaiDty ba^ not ia (be past, had that »ll«Ktiaii 

Ithti cixiatrj to wkioh ite trDj^artaoeeeiititleaik. Ever aince 
ti)a S'ith{ Annual VA» in tbe hands of the pnblic the ADaouDCS- 
BMBl baa IwoQ mada that theoailingt whiob the VfilonteBr 
PUet bae nada between Ifae lilacic Seb and Eaatero Aaia are to 
nrarjr larKaly iocrcaaed in (rei)neDCT, 

In l>i»ra»renoetr><fenoa(iy. it is [)ointed oatbow rapidly tbe 
rlaUnatM bare have climbed ap y&^T by year Biaee tbis prcBent 
KlUaror baa bean able ti make bis indaencei t«lt- -Vad tbie 
^mttm aMrt from the Itrne aappleiDanlary Bstimatea wbich are 
mem acltatlDR inibllc opinion in the Fatherland. The United 
Mlal«a, toti. afp itoins in tliungty for tba poaition of b first-claaa 
Va**! J'»iror. I'he policy of ihcT^ar CoUe^ heie iastrikinKlv 
m*t*rUTUiU. It la Uid ^I-jwd by Secretary Herbert that all 
•laaa nf b*1II«a(iipii. For tt^e fatare miist cootemp'atc 2^ ti- K« 
KM ailrania limit of draojtbt nnder the most prcaBing fllranm- 
•taaoBa, Tho^iKb water tube boilen have not ytt been adopted 
In tiutr warib.>|a. the Americana are miikiDg espenmente 
*fa^ • rtew K. tbair adoption It ia ^Bliafactory to see that the 
parnlt^t-fm ayaierna of preiciiiiniB forsp'ed are now ■t-baadoned 
bf Ib ta Naral fxpaftmeni. The Bonih AmericaQ Navies bIUI 
■Wtn to kaari ll)«m*«]#t« eupniied with the b^at dasa pf British 
Mil ebip Iron thoyarda of Arraitrong, Laird, and Yarrow. 
/•!» la fnahlag herself aNar/ whioh may ranke her a worti.y 
Iwof alnioat any Karitiine Power in the world . and vyen ( bi.ia 
•••<«» la bx irylnic to reaiiacitate beraclf. 

Ia hlararl^ffof comoarativootrenjiiha of thevarions NaTie», 
NmKdHar baa attempted a new oUiaiti cation of b*ttleBhipi. 
"** Mn ta to apUt the elaase*! atill f iirlher, «o aa t a ehow the 
ntativ atraniith of the variona Navies more cIobbIv. By 
yr tdlttit the mai n rlnaaetiinto Aand 1!, the obvione error of count- 
jiMji the ' 'iAiu'-tJi-,i-;i BnFi|Dal in value to tbe jUfij'-ric-ia SToid- 
■»aKl-i they ar* atdl both rotained in tbe main lirBt-tUan. 
.Itraawjyaann dp tlte jio.illoo here with tb« r e war k» that 
re '■ aafe titl the ead of tbe «<:ntiiry in BrBt-claea bnttle- 
"/mtibAl w» " are alsgdlarl;' desdetit in light dranght 



hiMtaifcipi- -bwaiaU.*'lH«Bya."h»ft(T«u waauof pemcr 

t0 ate a M^tme, m awiB a /'ja >y wi. la mtmua^am «Mh »— ik 
M dM/>iiaafa»i>, ifasAnrirF^flrlteSMaaaPafi^.*' ^aat S'mak 
f'Ui,' fltsoa |haKWor4» war* wnttM b4a ha«almo«t»4de 
hvaaoCMiue bM)|>U ty «m of ttaaa ■■ *i enmii .v«,f.fmf 
tromafUebae aavveaafeaiMaiaadtar^hiA wwaaaao mamf 
braaemwleaL Bart we f erf rnrtmad ftr aafc haae. ■ Caa it ba 
aappoaad ffaal la ttane «f war wa ^m Ac oar eoati ao waTljr bo 
llMGlatbwafasaietaBaEl''' Wa itaait'hr aMr— ly tp A> wfcat 
hM to b* Aaaa wiHi Ibe iamrameaa tbal w« find to oar haal 
•ad pc4 aaad haw* ler a tigfc*erala> b c iw an the ooa on tlw 
■potaaeaaa trtblMgood br ^>afe* la Ita old dayawe 
lenBdWtlaBrilHh ah^ luUI^; baf C«np«a, aad it weoU 
ba Mtd bdMl if wa ware to prew:uce that ibe oU apiril aad 
tfae eld akf!] bad fuae (or ever. If il bo tbat wabaTettaabic 
tiallifliaa ao mnefa tba better. Bel we cannot ^iped to hit off 
a acralcb caadaat to a law poaada o( ^aetai or a few tooa of dSa- 
ptoeeaaewt- WitkaKair "boaa dabca are ao BMnifvM lad a* 
Tif raarhiinr aa aaiin. tt awNly aa^d k ba aai aim to bar* aa 
mnry aUpa' a> wa raa tbat eaa (a aujwbea* aad do asTtbiag. 
For tUa w% wihI baaa aoa aad eaal MJarawe*- 

OanriDBbig tke t^a avdiwd is tba laMlaaae of tbe .1 aaaaf , w» 
have a A«ter oa tba Ganaan Navy, by KorrctUB Karitaa 
Fecbcr. Ao cboiee of GaawaaBir ia a> tba mowcni. aiacuarlr 

Imppy. ^-r^— "-^ P tr^ -— 1 — r "- '-" "" ■*''M 

part of Ike walant-wtttd laala with amtMr aad ondaaBOa, aad 
imra ia a c oriee H ai bom laai ymx. Fm the Z3nriak 
««e. till tbia iHBe. "T*" ^ wHb tm ei g a lakb^Cinra ob 

fivr"f ■— liaaiB. Par tbe lata^ am a oomfaivd oa '^ 

flimcWkal etkdaftoy.tbe fcwmer ou thcLradaal peifarmaanan 
trial. TUa ia maw rimtdifd Captaia Ocda Browae alao baa a 
ob^t«r«w tW Attack of Sh^bj AitiHsr P>^ »' diaeaaaaa 
tba aSaet cf aodt flio and tba beat auaaa of tahtilatiim abipa 
dofaamva aad offenmra powaaa. Ttaaqaeotien ottbadetaeeof 
tbeEaaptreladeah witb ia duea ekaplera. Ottbeoe. two an 
try Mr. Biaaaey faimaalf. They daaJ witb tbe foroaa ot 
Anakralia and with tba Piiadptaa of Imperial Defance, wbiln 
tlm other ia by Sr Geot^ Qlarb^ wkm baareoontlj Dnrrad 
that be ba« a« ffvtt a wtiebt ot aa^mrity ia naval warfare aa 
he baa loag been laeofBiaed to have in tbe bnaeb ti the Sarviea 
to wbjeb be moee parliBBlarly beloag^ 

The uioai Boaotmta of tba aaral maiMan*raa at bome aad 
■broad are aSorded. 

To marine oDgineoB tba cbaptcc hy Mr. G. R DvoeU ^ 
their own aubjevt will be perjiapa moai iatereating. Tba 
writer diacflaaea tbe oompatatiia adraa t aaaa ol tba BeU«<riUa 
abd retnzn-tabe boil«r#, aad docs aol albe^ber maka for tbe 
new denartare. Bat bia etri«Mirea. ao far a« they go. may taka 
■Diae of the praiae bora the BadteviUe. bol tbey do doi i^em to 
hit the principle of watar-tnbe boilera. of which. iiiLer all, tbe 
BelleTiUe is Only oo^. if the best known, for bi^ ahips. Ttton we 
have a disooaaaoD of Mr. Undd'a new type of five-eraok qoad- 
mpl'e-expaDeioa engine, wbicb, in tbe Jnfifiutia, ahowed aoob 
Tory DoODomical roealla. Thit nioet tnleroating cbaptar etoses 
with a short reference to Ibe perf^manoee of the Turhinia. Ml. 
John Lflylaad oontrtbuiee l chapter on Naval literatore. which 
baa traly been a featore of io<:ent years 

The fi-tat part of the volume cloaca witb a diacaBaiOD oa tha 
siikonin; qseation. by Ut. Biaaeey. Theie ii nothing ot mole 
boroing importaoce. Wa are irJad to ^^^ that he advocat«a a 
T«tam to the old atrp^nti'^Uiip ^j-cteco . or Bomethmg by which 
a aimilat resnlt may be achieved. He ale" feels tbat the 
Coloaies aboold be enoo-uraged to tr>.in men for the Imperial 
Nary. It ia certain thai aooietbiag Cioat be done, and that 
qnioblv. or a British bailor will be a rare diaoorery on board a 
Britiah re«B«l in the Men^otile Uarine. 

Tbe tisoal (ablee ol sbips, gaot. and tnnoor are gi«», aa 
well a« the Kiumeof Bnd^ts and E^ttmateaand Naval pro- 
grammes. The illattrationB are up to the usual Btandard and 
are aomewhat more nonteroui Ihan in previous iiscoi. We 
may coaclude onr notioe by saying ttiat. ibougb in one or two 
matters we ha'Ve had to oipresi oor dlsMnt from the propoei. 
tionj laid dono by tbe editor, we feel tbat tbe book ta aa 
ibvaluitble as over. Oa w coEoplex a qiteetioo it woold be 
■trance io'^eed tl ali thote who had devote^i time and thought 
to the oonsideratioD of the matter were identically at one in all 
poiiitB. We recojpiize moat cordially the work that the Brasaey 
family faae ioae. nod ia doing, both here and tn Australia, tor 
the coneolidatioQ and enfiKbtenment of the Km pice, and we teal 
•nra that tbi)i VQtqme- in apite of Mr. Braaeeya expr^ioni ol 
regret that his father's aesistanoe is unaVailable-ie a rery 
%Toftby aaooMSor to tboae which have preceded it. 



I 
1 



i 



Jone 1, 1897.] 



THE HAEINE ENGINEER- 



107 



LAtlNCHES AND TRIAL TRTP3. 



» 
k 



I 

I 






t 



LAUNCHES— EsouHH. 

KlildlehBin OftHtle.^ Lately Itleasts. Fiobertgill A Sonsi 
l*tiDcliecI al Southwick. a. Hteel screw cLrgo ateamer of the 
putiai awning dock type, which has been built to the ordsT ol 
LlTerpoot owneie. The veseel i^ of th« following dicnaaBionB : — 
Leniftii, S'iafl,. i breadth, 4'J ft. &iu. ; depth. 3Ht. !lin. The 
maehiiiery and buiUrii are bcrifi^ lupplied bj M^edra. George 
Clark. Liiuited. of Sonthwiok. The fn{>iE«fl areof the wiplo-ei- 
[MUiaion type. LaviD^vyhjidierB'Jl j in.. 36 iii.,und HO id. diameter, 
br 42-iit. stroke. The veBB«*l nas chriHtened .Viddtiham CuttU. 
6be has beea built to Lloyd's hi^heat class (or tussoIh uf ibis 
tjpe. 

CoFjnopant.— On April 14th Heaaii. Cochrane £ Cooper 
lAUiuvli»d al Beverley, for Mr. T. Baacomb. of Grimsby, tfae 
iron-MO'en trawler Cunnotmii. of 158 tuosgtoas. She ia Ui class 
100 Al 

IftlBBd.— Ob Aptillalh Me^ra. Coab, Weltdu St Oeujuell 
latmch-ed at Hail, lat thsHull Steam Fiahini; and Toe Co., 
Limited, tbu iron, steam ttawlcr Inland, of 152 tonagroHa. She 
ia loolaafl lOO A!. 

Baipe and Orouie. — On April l-?tb, MeBstB. Edwarda Bros' 
launcBed &t North Ehidldd, far Me^ara. Eelsall firotbers &. 
Beeehiug, Limited, the tvro steam tiawlei-a 9r>ip« and Grwiit, 
eaob ftboDt LoO tont. ^raea, 'Ihey are to cIbhs IOD A1- 

Olt} of York:— Ud ApriJ ^Ist Mcbstb. J. Blamer & Go. 
Iftunched at SundecUnd, to the order of AlMera, BobiuHoa, 
Brothei-s, Whitby, to LlOj-d's high^flt clitB^ on the deep (e^aie 
principle^ th« laTgescronBtaiLnier City ol YorJi. Her dinienaicaB 
ar« aa follows :~ Length, 340 fb. ovur all! j breadth. 47 ft.; 
depth, 24 ft. ID m , moulded deadweight. 4,<I0U tooa. The 
cmgiDea are by Meaars. Blair & Co., 8lookl,on, aud are of the 
triple -espanaion typo. 

TEviiitJolllfle.— On April 21fit Meaarai. Mordey. Carney ft Co. 

ISTirn-hed at Newport, for Ueaars- J. and T. Jollitle. of Liver- 
pool, tfae>;t«ol towii](< Hteamer Vivian Jolliih. of aboat HiO toaa 
groaa. She ia to class 100 Al. 

Vctll, — On April !JSih there Wd^ launched from the neat yard 
of Meaara. C. B. Swan i! Hunter, Limited, Wallaend. a, awel Miew 
atMtner, bnilt to tha order of John Loekie, E»]„ of Ne^voaBile' 
on-Tync. The vet^el ha« been deaigned to carry a deadweight 
cmrgo of 5,600 torn on a moderate dcaagtat, or to carry a very 
larg^ tatttfinremirnt carROi. The dimensiooa are: — Lengtli, B,P„ 
SSOft, ; breadth. -I? ft.^ia.;. depth, moalded, '28 ft. » in. The- 
eteauier is bnilt to the higLe-?t ■clue--* at Lloyd's on the apKr dtck 
rnle, under special 9arv«,v, niid haa a long bri-dze, topgallant 
forecastle and an iron hrius^ aft, in which ia placed the atoering 
gBar, Go the top of the bridge, in ateel honaea, ie placed Ibe 
•ooommodalion tor the captain, offioors, engineers, &c.i wtulet 
theorew are located in. tha furecastle. Water bnLaet will bo 
Oftn-Ud ia the caltaUr doable bottom and after peak tnnh. 
Poworfol steam wincheB are&iipplied with a foil noitapletnent of 
de^cks and dLecbarging gea,r. The aieAm ^rindli^as ie of tha 
lateat deni);^, Tha machinery iii ul the latest type of triple- 
axpartaion engines, ba.ilt by the North-Eaatern Marine Engineer* 
\a% Co., Limited, Wallaend. The cylindeca are 'li in , 40 in.. 
uid 64 in,, by Id in. atroke, aupplied with atoaiu by two large 
■inele-eDdedbotlerB working at a pregBUreDl ITO lb», pereqaare 
inclii On teaving the waya the steanier waa named the Mttit by 
Jlliaa Loekie, aged two yeara aad eight inontha, the daughter of 
the owner. 

Buby and Pearl.— On April 29th ftfeaam, John Jones & Son 
laaocbed from, their abipyurd, Branawick Cook, Liverpool, the 
twu new paddle eteaciecs Ri'by v-uA i'larl, whioh are beioK 
built by thecn to the order of thei Eaethais Ferry and Hotel 
ByadSoate, nnder the auperinteodeaee of Hesara,. Flannery A 
TVitton, of Liverpool and London. The teBsele, which are 
donble^nded, a,i>d are apecialiy deai^'ned for service on tbe 
Meraej, are 1^1 ft. in lenElli,2i' ft. beam, moulded, by eft. 6 !n. 
depth, and have two handsomely fitted Rchloons O'li dtck, and a 
large promenade deck abo've with eeating ncci'mmodation Eof a 
large nntnber of pasa«ni;ci^ bath in tbe aaloona and on both 
d«SKB, Owing to the Hpeotal eervice on whieh the veeaels will 
fc« e<i(!a[C*d, the drnugbt of water ia limited lo 1 ft. with a full 
load of paaeengerr, which ia conaiderably less than that of 
almilar ateamcra rnnniug on the Meraey. The enginee will be 



of tbe diagonal compoimd anrfaoe eon j«ii«Qr type with foather- 
ing pkddle-wh«elt , t^f^i snpphed with ateam from a targe 
ain^la-findpd holier warkini^ at r.i<Uha, preescire. The vessels 
are lilted with btenm windlaB<i, Harrison's ateam ataering gear. 
a complete inatallotion of electrio light, and every lateet Im- 
proveinent lor passenger »ej\ice, and are eipected to be on 
their station early in Jane, 

Sakkarah.— On Satordrty. May 1st, Meiars. Wigbam Kichard- 
aon J? Co. lannched from their "Neptiin.e Shipyard, Newcaatle- 
OD-Tynen a handaorne steel aorew aargo and passenger ateamer. 
which th«y are builiJing to th» order at tbe Dentache Dampf. 
ftohifffahrt's GaeellBcbatt '■ Koemoa " of Hambnrs. The 
steamer is 3i^.' ft. in laniftb by 404 h- beam, and will h^vt w?H 
finished BocomniodHiioii tot a nnnibet of passengers and tot 
emigrants The engines and boilers are iklao being con- 
Btroeted by Ue.^tare 'n'igham Ricbardaon & Go. The engines 
are c]iiadTuple'eipaiiaion. working at '-II) Itia. pressure, and stp 
balaneed on tbe Yarrow Schli';k A Tweedy ajatem. The 
chrtBteniag:cerfmonywai!grace£allyp«rformedbyMrfi. Bennig. 

Belndeer,- On Saturday, 3Iay let. the twin. screw ateamer 
liriii'itir, the second of two faat steamers, bnilding st Barrow. 
for the Great Weatern Kaiiway Co.. was lannched from tha 
yard of the Naval Coiialrnction and Artoamonts Co, The 
montded dimeneiotia of tbe Hfindcrr are 2ii> Ei, by U4 ft. 4 in, by 
15 (eel Oin. : gross tonnage, 1,300. She has been built (or lk« 
Gr«at Wsetern mail servii>«, and Will aooommodate tiOO paa- 
Becgers. There are three complete decks — lower, main, and 
promenade. She will be magnificently farniahed, lighted 
tbroughuut by electricity, and have apeclal pruvisioii tor ladies' 
Bleeping and retiring accommodation. She will steam 20 
knots. 

Xtidf ey.^On 'Alay lat a paddle steamer was launched on th« 
Tyna by Sir W, O, Armatroog, Whitworth A Co. for tbe 
Tyne CJonaral Ferry Co. The principal dimenBiona of 
Ibe vessel are:— Length,. 132 tt. : oreadlh, 21 ft.; doptb. 
8 ft. 3 in. Tbe mnobinery will be capable of propellini: ih« 
veaeel ata apeed of 12 knola. raBBengt.-i'4 to theptimbciof OOD 
C6n be oarrleJ on iioer eervice, and abont 250 at aea. Tbe 
veaael was ohristaafd Avilrty. 

Wlndsop. — Un May 3rd Mesais, Kopner A, Son lanBohed, at 
Btockton-on-Tees, a eleel aciew steamer to the order of Mesan. 
Evan Thomas Badclifle >e Co.. of Cardifi, ol the (ollowing 
dimenaione, vU, :— Length, 33C ft. 6 in.; breadth extreme, 
46 ft, G in. ; depth moalded, 'i? ft. i in., and is built o& the 
three-decked rnle, and fitted with the bnildeia' patent trunk, 
fnll poop, bridge, and topgallant forecastle. Bhe has doohte 
bottom 00. tbe ocllalar principle for water ballast, and has 
been designed to oarry a desdwei^ilil cargo of abont 'i.'Ji^ 
tone on Lloyd's anminer freeboard op b bg.bt draoght of vv»ter, 
She wdl have all th« most xeoeot applianoae foi tbe expeditions 
B,Dii eoO]i()iiiical loadib^ and Tirloading of cargoea, has direct 
steam windlaaa, ateam steering gear amidships, with powerfol 
screw gear aft. sik large steam wlnchea worked by an anxiliai7 
bailer working at 160' lbs. preaaere, at ockl sea anchors, £c. She 
will be littrd with triple-expo-iiaion enginei hj Sleasrs. Blair & 
Co., ].imited, and was named II iwl'ijf by Mra, Robert 
Ropner, jam- 

■erldtan.— On May 3r(i Meaara. H. ^ W. Hawthorn, Leslie 
& Co.. Limited, lannched at ETebbnm.on-Tyne to tbe order of 
the Eastern Carrying, Storing. Warrant and Insurance Co,, 
of St. Peteraborg, a stoel twln-acrcw paseenger and carr» 
ateamer, 3'JS Ft. by 32 fl, by 11 ft. 4 in. She is bnilt to the 
requirements of Bureau Veritas, and designed and dtted 
throughout to meat the special Ca^ian Sea trade, (or wbieh 
the compsny intend her. Tbe veesel was named McrUuiii, and 
is the fourth of tbow Ibey a.re building. 

rronjatQ.— On Maj 3rd Measis. T. Turnbo!! .& Sonlannchad 

nt Whitby a ac»el screw ateamer, bnilt to tlie order of Mesars, 
TurnhuLl, BeoCt ,t Co., shipowner!, London. Her principal 
dimenaiuiiB are: — Length between parpendiculara, 30t- ft, G in. ; 
breadth. 44 ft, : depth, 'Iv it, jf in, . eetiiuated deadweight 
carr)*ing napaoity, abont i.mO tons. She ia classed l(Ki Al at 
Lloyd's, tbe engines being by Messrs. Blair & Co., of Stockton. 
The vesBcL wkb named 'i\(-"S"U. 

Lighter,— On Mny fith there was lannched from the yard of 
Mr. JoBCph ficnrr, Orovt^hill. Beverley, a ateel pat«nt eelf-dia- 
chaning lightor of the follcv'ing dimi^naioDs. vie, : — Length o'ver 
all, «S It. i breadth, estreme, !3 ft. ; depth of side Mnijahipfl, 
10 (t. ; and with a carr3-ing capacity of 1,3,10 tjnarters of gtfia. 



THE MARINB ENGINEER. 



[June 1, 1897. 



foT whiob pnrpoae it w&e boilt. Tti>e v^eael w>a built to the 
9nl«i vl Joeepb Hkak, £aq., ot Hall, and ia tite fourth ligbtei 
buLtt for kiu. 

Yllle da Yalenaieimes— On Hfky 13th there w&b lauccEied 
from the ib i;) build in v' yard ot Mesira. John Hesdheftd & Boas. 
WoBt Dock, South Sliii'lds. to the order of the Com.p]igDi« dee 
Bkte*a^^ Vup^iir du Noid,£>uDkecqi;ie, aHt»el-BCrevr ateAmerof 
ihb totloiriD^' dimensions:— Length, 174 ft. : brea<lth, 9(3 ft, ; 
depth, moaldei], Si ft. 8 ia. The veisci ia iotended tor the wiuA 
knd general cargo trade. She it of Xhe apar-deck type, olaseed 
BnraHQ Veritfti epeoia! a<irv«;. and is fllted with double bottom 
foi water baUaai in the after. bold, uid a deep hold tank ia Ibe 
Esain bold, Tha cAptain and paseeniferH' bortha are 
■itaa^d aU, vriih PD entrAace-honae oa apar deck, the acoocn- 
iDDdatir>a lor engiae^r^ atid otlioefa bejiig p]s«ed ander biidga 
RQiLdtJup^. Her engines. al»9 aonstrodtad by MoaarB. lohni 
Readhead A Sodb, are of the triple-expaneioa ij'pa, haviag 
ojliaders 23 iD., ST^in.. and tilj in., nitb '.VJ id. stroke, steam 
Mini; aapplied from tiroatsBl bailari workiu^ al a pressure of 
160 Ibi. per siiuare Loch. She waa named the Villt lir Valni- 
eit'inti, aoil is the ak'voatb vessel baiU and engiaed lor the 
aboT« Atta bj Ueeare. }'>^a Rehdbead ilt Bona. 

ttaofje Pl^mlfl^— Od Maj 14lh Messrs, Short Bfothors 
Uunehed from their works at SnoderlAnd n Qae mod«Ued 

vueel tor tb» Nitrato ProdneerB' ^itsamahip Co., Lutaited. of 
Loadort. ot whicli Meaara. Lawtlier. LatCa & Co. n.re the 
amoagerB. Tho new vessel ima bosii bailt of steal oader 
■Mcial satv-ey to the bigheat olaef ia Iilojd'B Register, aod is 
ol thtt [ollowinit diiQeoaione. tjz. :— Length, Aii ft.; broadlb, 
4S ft, ; dspth mi.>Dlded, l>7 ft. !) io. ; tbecarrjiag capacity- being 
5,800 tone deadneigfat. S(j6cial attaation has been giveo to tha 
srrangeineat ot opper and main decke. ao aii t<j etjai>Le il lar-ga 
numiberof cattle tu be carried, soitabie veniilatioo, Ac , b^iag 
proMd'J. Tte erectioiia on deck oon»i8t of ioll poop, long 
bridge honae amidahips, aad topKdlant forecastle, the bbIood, 
'Oaptam'Bi offloera", and eDgineera' aocommodntion being fitted 
ia DOtntnodiona EionBoa on the bridge deck, with obart aad 
wh^lboiiH oa flyin;; bridge. The Htea.m Btaurio^ gear is Qt^ed 
Id the engjne-rootu with controlling rodi; from wbeelbouise on 
d^-ing bridge. The bolda are fonr in number, powftrful eteam 
"wiucheH being fitted, steam fur which ia eapplied bj a lari;e 
maltitulinlardonkejf boiler placed in the Btokehold, Thoveaflel 
will be aupjilied with triple- expansion eagines bj Meesrs. George 
Clack. LiEaited.oCSaDderland, baring ayliiiLlera 2-4 in.. 40 in., 
aod fiti ill, diameter, with a fiitroke ot 45 in,, steam being aup- 
plied by two Urge etecl bail era working at D^O Iba. presBure 
fitted with Howden'B foroeJ draught. Shft wa« ii*iiiBd Gtor^t 
Finning, after the chairman of the company, who intended Ui 
ba present at the lannch, bat anfortunately was prevented 
throagb iadiapoaitioa, the oeremoay being pertorcued by Uca. 
Bborl, of A»Ikbrooke Hall. 

Dull.— Oa May l,>tb Maaflra. Coobrano A Cooper launoliwJ 
at Beverley, tor Mr. G T. Armitago, of Hall, the iron Bteam 
flahinit vessel Dcru, of IM tone groai. Sha is inleiicled lo cCaaa 
100 Al. 

BtaPton— OnSaluisday. May 1.5th, Meaers. Wm.GrayACo.. 
IJimitad, latmobed tbe fins ateel aoren Al»atnoF SttiTCon to the 
order of Meesra, H. Samman A Co., of liull, fof ths Sturton 
Steamship Co., Limited, The veisel will take Lloyd'e 
highest class, and her dimenaiauB are i^Length, over ail, 3U0(t. ; 
breadth, 42 (t,; aad depth, 31 ft. Sin. The dook ereclionacon- 
aletof a fall paop. brid^ over naaohinery spaoe.atid topgallant 
fareoaatle. A hatidscma ealoon and cabins (or oitiaers, Ac, are 
fitted up aft. ih-e engmeeta' rooms are in th« bndgo. and the 
crew'e accODimodatioii forward. Tbeholl ia buiJt on ihe wab 
frame aystem, witb a celllular double bottom, large aft peak 
tattk, large hatcbwaya, tour steam wi no He S, steam eleerine; gear 
amldohipB, band-Borow sear aftj large patent donkey boiler, 
patent ditoct steam wiodlft's, boats on beams ovorhoad, grain 
diviaions, stofkieBa imchorf, two niut« witb sohoouer rig, and 
a complete outfit for a firat-olaas cargo vessel, ijidiiding ^eotrio 
ligrhtiag. The Central Marine Engine Wnrka of Messfs. Win. 
Gray ft Co.. Limit^ed, supply line tripte-expanaion eBgioej^ of 
1,U0(] H.P., having Bylinders Stjin.,;!.] in., and fti^ in dinmetsf, 
with « .'I'J in. pistoii attuke. and tw9 Lir^e eteel buileri to wurfc 
a.t I'iO lbs. prassuro per anuare inch. The vasael and inachmety 
have bgeu built under Hie BuperintenJeQCo of Mr. VVuKer Sage, 
of UuU, and tlie ojcemouy of chttateoinB tha rteaniur !>'ttirf</a 
was ^Bcsfally pBrloTmsd by Mrs. fiatley, Kingston Lodge, 



Hesale; and there were alao preseat at the launch Uiee Walkec, 

Uiaa nBzlowDod, Ui4a Biokenscd, Miaa HqdsoD. Uies Qlosaop, 
the MieHQ» riamman, Ur. Biilay, The Park, Hall; Mr. Bailey, 
Mr. Bladon, and Mr. Samman, all ot Unll. 

Hemliphspe. — On Balnrd'sy. May Idtb, Meaars. fiartram A 
Sone laanchied from their ehipboilding yard, South Dock, Saa- 
derlsod, a large and haodeoijiely niodelled at^el ecrovv steamer, 
vrb-icb Ibey bnvQ bi^ilt to Ihe order ot Mesard. W. Thomai A Co., 
of Liverpool. The veseel is of tbe following dimensioas: — 
350 ft. by m U. S in,, by 26 ft. 9 in moDlded depth. She is one 
of the Bpar-dt.-ok type, with extra loag bridge, poop and fore. 
neatle. She has been bailt under ypecial survey io ulasa l^it &.t 
at Lloyd's. There are seren ateel bnlkheiida. and the Liallaat 
tanks will contain nesrly 1,400 toce «( wster biilUet. The 
ttiita^ are njfkde very heavy,, and the nsii&thi^ld baaus are dis- 
psna«d with, leaving the holds very freetromobatructions. The 
desk machinery cousiiits of five steam winches, an extra targe 
donkey boiler, steam steering ^ear in the engino'room GOa> 
trolled from the wbeelbonse or aymg bridge. steam windlaas on 
the forecastJedeck, and aleam warping capstan oo poop. Tbe 
hatchways are very large, and h«ve e^uch double dei-iicka. Tbe 
whcie of the accommOdslicm (ot the captaiQ and offioeru is 
placed on tbe top cf the bridge'daak. The salooo, which ia 
handBomely flaiehed in polished oak, ia placed ai the torn-end 
ot the bridge, and the bertha for ofhoers nnd enghioera al the 
after-end. The crew havelarge and comfortable berlhsin tlie 
topgallant forecastle. The «ugineH will be supplied by Meegre. 
JohaDickiuaand Sons, Limited, tbe cyliiid'.-ra beiu,if 24 ui„3'Jj. 
in., and G5 in by 4'2 in Htiruke, eiippli&ii by two Kt^e boilers 
worklu.g at ISO ib«. preRSure. As tbe vessel left the atooks she 
waagntcefally named tbe Htmitphtrthy UiaaTbomia. danghter 
oI tbe mana((uig owner. 

Atlu.— On Uonday. May 17th, Messra, WUliau Gny &. Co., 
Limited, lannched the Qne, Urge eteel aorew vteamer Atiat, 
whioh thfty have built to the order «( Meaars Ktakioaoa, Soa 
& Co., of West Hartlepool. Bhe will take Lloyd's higheat elasa, 
and ia ot the following dimenaiona, viz.: — Length, over all, 
936 ft. : breadth, 47 ft. ; deiibb. 24 ft., 10 in. ; and tbe deok 
etootiona consist ot jioop, bridge oyer the maobinery apace, uid 
topgallant forecastle. A liaodsotne saloon and state-rooma, 
togetbar with the captain's and ofiioars' rocma, witj be fitted 
nndar the p«op. The haU is bailt with web traineB, and 
cellular doable bottom for water bsJlast. Six iteam winchea, 
Btaam steering gear amidships, and actew gear aft, patent 
direct ebaam windla^, patent donkey hoiiler. steel loniri Indinal 
Krain diviaiona, sioclilesi anchor^*, and a oompleteootflt will be 
i&tted for s £ ret -da as cargo boat. Fins engineti on. tbe three- 
cylinder triple-expansion principle are beioK Bqjjplicd by the 
Central Marine Engine Works of Messrs. Wm. Gray ^ Co., 
Limited : they will develop oier 1.31X9 H.P. The cyhndera are 
E4 in., 38 in., and 04 in. diameter, with a piston stroke ot 
43 in,, and fine; extra large titael boilers, having a pressure of 
160 lb», per square inch, will give an ample supply ot steam. 
The GonBtrnctiaa of tha ship and mauhiner; have bees oitdftt 
the auparinteiidence ot Uf. ChArles '^. ^mitb, oq behalf ot the 
□wnere. who haa introdaoed a few improvftoi^atB ia the 
mouihineTy, inolading an extra injection for nee in ahallow 
water; and the ceremony ot christening the Mlai wai graoa- 
fully performed by Misa Plorenca Kiokinaon, of Meadoworoft, 
West Karllepool. 

Baiuta. — On Monday aflsrnoon, May 17th, there wM 
Uunohed from Meeara. liobert Thompson <fc Soqh, Sonthwick 
yard, a steel, single- decked steamer, built for Mesare. MaolayA 
Mclntyie. QlasKow. Lsngih, B.F . »'JU ft,] breadth, 45 ft.; 
depth moulded, ZS ft. t> in , on (be deep frame principle, class 
104 .Al at Lloyd's : deadweight capacity about 4,000 tons, ou a 
Very li,ght draught ; fitted with poop aft, long bridge amidsliipe, 
on top of which are. deokboases tor tha aoEjonnniodsiiga ol 
captain, officers, and engineers, with chart and n-heelhoiue, 
leaving a olear cargo spaoe in bridge and poop . topgnllant 
forecastle for crew and petty ofllcers . ample watt^r Imllast in 
cellalar bottom and after pt<ak, being divided into six compart- 
ment9 tor trimming parpasee; five largo haicbways and et«am 
tviDch to each batch; extra Ea.rge donkey boiler. Gng'lDeB by 
Measrs. Blair * Oo , Limited, having cylinderB 2Ji jn., asj in., 
)jO in., bj' 80 Id. atroke, with e.xCra targe bailors.' Both j>bip 
and enginea havi? been denlgned with all [lie most modero 
improvementa tor a first. class car^ri anJ cuttle ateanier. As 
the vessel left the wave ehe was graoefully chriatened iiastittt 
by Misa Dent, of Newcmtki 



I 



I 



June 1, 1897.] 



THE MABINE ENGINBEB. 



I 



I 



Co .Limited, Uonobed a fine at«fll wrew eteim>«r nhicli tbey bay? 
bulll i<> the oiddf nl %i-str». HaJL BroB., of Newest tU-ou-Tyne, 
She will take Lloyd's bi^beit class, ami in some p*Tta the 
■CKntlings &re in eiceae of Lloyd's, iiarticDlarl; ander the 
bailar«. Thediai«iitiu>Qa&re: — Leaglh over ill. 324 ft.;brsBdCh, 
4lft. :knddepth,'2;ifi. 3iD. Thed«oi[ erecti-onsconeistut a poop. 
brid^ over machinery space, aod lopgitlUnt foreoaatle. A iiuiil- 
■OD]«BbJooii BBiIc&bins fc-t oHicen, el« , wilibefltted iq tbe poop, 
tboGDgiDeer^' roortv-^ jn tSie brjdf^«^, ^a^ t,b<^ti¥en^a Auco^n^odAtioii 
forwftrd. Tbo liull ie. built od tli« web-frume principle, witli a 
oallnlar double boitom. Urge li&tuhw&jH, fiva powei fol steam 
wlscliee, sleam steGCioff gent amidfthipa. hand screw Rear «.(t, 
horixontkl maitt tubular dciEi key boiler, patent direct BleacD 
windla«r4, boats on. befims overbear], sbitlini; boArd^ (bioughont. 
eiocUeaa. iimhoM;, two masta vitb Hcboonor rig. ajid » co)ii|rIete 
polfit for» flrdtcliiBB oiTRo TBBBeL The Cefittftl MHi'ineEiigiQe 
V/otkteil H?Ber-a. VVillLain Qtay iC^)., Limited, auiipir tnple-ei- 
paa8ioneDgiiie'jhaviiip^oyJiDdera33in.,3lhri ,aJiiilFi-i in diameter. 
«ilfaa3'Jia. piBtaa8truk«, and tno large hImL boilers to woik at 
lliu lbs. preaeare per iiguare inch. The hull and tna^hiiieTv bare 
beeobailt iitidert)ie:iDperii)lMideDc^«ol CaplainWm. Lowneaiid 
Mr. B. WiLliama aa behalf of bbe owDsrB, and the ceremooy of 
paining (ho ship .-(iribimnJor was gracftully pecfiiriiicii by M*ii. 
,Charl«B Hall, of B^rrell Castle, nha f^eeived a bga.QtifL]l baiii]aei 
of flowerafroni Sir WilliuiB Gray There were bIeo present at 
the launch Mr Jnhn liall, Mr. 'charlee Hall, and Ur. Mein, 
partnerg of Hall Biob., kIbo Mr. tieorge Keid, BelgiaD Gonial, 
KewcRBlle-ou-Tyne, and Mr, Little, •ot Soath Shields. 

Daantlcia.— On TueBdA;', Mb/ t^th, in the preaooce of a 
targe .compaDy. Mea^rs. tbe BIytli Shipbaildin^ Ci>.. Ltmiied, 
laauched from theic shipbDil-oitiC aad repaiiing norke ac 
Btyth, a Barge eteel acrew Bleaiuer for Aleaare. BaUOD. Brewitt <fc 
Co.. of Kewoaelle-oa.Tjna. The ■vcaeel in deaigned to catry 
•boat 3,60fi tons on a very liehtdrnDK^U of water, acd ie or Ibe 
fotlowing diroeHsioQe;— Leogth, 3ftH tl. ; broaJth, •IS ft.; depth, 
31 ft. 2 in The acwbmm&dation for captain and offtctM mill 
Ite taaufallji arran|!«d in the poop, ihe engineerB in the bridge 
■LDUdaliipe, and crew in forecastle. The vessel ia cUaeed at 
Lloyd's, and is built on the siogle deck principle, but bold 
bfama. and pillars are diap«Deed with, ibua allowing caigoea 
of very ]ar{;e balk to be etowod with ease. Tfl facilitate the 
loading and discharging ot the oargp everything of thfr most 
np.tO'date type ■□ deck uiachiaary vill be tiled. The enj^incR 
ar« of the triple- ex pani ion cl&dB of lar^e power, and nill be 
fitted by MsBBra. Bljir ft Co., Limited, of Stooliton-on.TeeB, 
anl with all their ilateat improvementB. A« the veeeel left the 
ways tbe cercmoay of oaming ber the DduntUrt was ver,v grace- 
fally performed by Miea Coaing, of Wbitkbain Park- The bull 
and «iifineB ba?e been built under the ■.uparimteDdeDce of Ui, 
M. Havelook, ooaaulEiag on^ineM, Nsweastle-on-Tyne. 

Tank Steam et*.— Lately Mesflrs, William Iiobson & Co. 
launched at L-iw Walker-on-Tyne a aleel Iwin-acrew tank 
■tcamer. which they have built for .carrying pelrolenm in bullc. 
The dimenaioiia of ih« Tessel aro ;— I^UKt-b. 3!^$ ft. ; bre«^tb. 
m (t- ; and deptb. 1 9 (t. The micbinery <:')afliats of two aeta 
of oaoi pound surfaoe-cOodeiiBiDg ciiginea, having cylindera 20j 
in.Knd^9 in. diacnetar. by 2i in. elroke. Steam ia supplied 
by tno eleelhoiUre. arranged for bomiDg oil fnel. 

TakMaio — On May IBth Ei^ William .^rin»trong, Whit- 
worth St Co, Uniichcd from their Walker gbipyard a protected- 
deok cintMr for the Japac^ue Government of the Ymhino type. 
The veeeel ie Dsmed 7akaia<]<.: and her ilimensions are:-- 
LecKth. -tun ft.: breadth, 4ii ft. )> in.; draft. IT ft. ; and tbe 
contrw^t speed ie to be id knota. Ber d iepl a cement is 4, ICO 
tgD«. Doth tbe 0' Hiir.lin* and tbe Takata<j,y are built tft the 
d««)gn of Jlr, Philip WattB, the naval dirtetcr at the firm. 

Oridia.— On May ISth the b.i. Ovidia waa lannched by 

VmiTb. JoHeph L. Tbompeoo A ^nn, Limited, ot tlie North 
SaDdaSIjipbuildintr Yiird, t^undcrland, andisbQiU to tbe order 
«f Ut. O W. Nordlu, of Faria. lltr principal dimenBiona are: 
— t^eogth between perpendiculars, 32o ft, ; bfam. extreme, 
4* ft. ; depth, ftninlded, 21 ft. L' iv. She is built to Lloyd's 
hlfhmt daua, and ia deBiRned to have a deadwciiibt cjirrjing 
«apadly, on n lifiht draoRbt of water, of about 5.00O tone, and 
haa tmna epefially coQatraoioi for the timber trade, hhe la 
built oil the nugiedeck principle, ha^Jntf OLly one continuous 
dvak right lnic ami alt, with a poop aft. bndjfe amidiiliipa, and 
topgallant foreciLi.tle forwariJ. Wattr ballast ia (tarried in the 
dellular double bottom and in the after pcali. ::^he is QCted nitb 



fiv« trMisvarae wU«rtijlit balkbeadi, aad iron loDKitiidiiu] 
bglfcheada, Tbe accomtnodation fox captain, saloon, apare 
bertbs, Ac., i« in a hgnie on the fgrntird end of tb? bridge, 
Above thi.« is placed a teak charthooaer sod over tbia la fitted 
a fiying bridge. The accoTamodation for the engineera, Ac, ii 
fitted on Ibe after end ol the bridge. Above tliis acoommodft- 
Hon berths are fitted tor the officers. Xa tbe after end of tbe 
bridge ia placed the eteain ateerinjr Rear, ooniiected with con. 
trolling gear on tbe forward end of the bridge ; also booae for 

eleotrlc tijjlil engioe end dydaalO, aUSrerOOmfl, ilro. A poweitflll 

aeretf bteerieg ^ear ie fitted in the poop. Tbe arew, firemen, 
and petty ofllnerEi are berthed in tbe topgallant (orei^uatla. The 
deck machinwy contieta at seven large eteam viinclios, and the 
cargo LB worked by double derrick* at each haU.'h, A patent 
Bleam vindlaesia fitted on the forecaetle head for tbe norkin^ 
of tbe atoaklea* anchore. The vessel is rigged aa a two-maated 
fore-and-aft BohOoIier, the masta having special ^affe fitted, 
arranged for workini; the car^o, in addition to the □anal 
derricks. Tbe veatel is epecialSy Btrengthened nt the fore-and- 
aft ends for tbe reeisiiog of ice. dc Foar boats are fitt«d on 
the bridg« amidsbipa. An electric light inslallalionta fitted by 
tbe Saaderlaud Fiirge and Kngineeiing Co , Limited. Tbe 
saloon aoGOntmodatian ia lilted up in a hii^b-c-larte uaanner, and 
great oare has been bestowed on the whole of the accommoda- 
tion and aanitary arrangements. Bpecial attention haa b«eii 
paid to Ibe lacilitiee for the rapid hiviidltne of car(iGL'9. The 
vesi-el haa been hnilt under the Bnperiiitendeni:e of Mr. Jean 
Drakenberfc, of Stockholm, and Mr. James TLompson. of Sao- 
derland The vessel wili ha iilted nikb engines of the tiiple- 
eipaneion type, built by Ueeara. John Dickioson A, fiour 
Liinileil, Sundeiliind, the sizea of the nylindora being 24 ia.. 
3H in., r>t in,, by '.iH in. Btroke. supplied with ateam by tvo large 
multitubular boilcra working at IHO Ibe. preH(!ure. The vcsse 
(vae graoefttlly chriatept^il by Miea Frid* Nordin. of raria, 
eieter of the owner, and was lannched by hydrantic power by 
Mies Oeabahr, of Hernoaand, Sweden. There were also pre- 
sent at the lanneb i Mr. 0. W. Nordin, owner; Captain Victor 
Nordio. who will take oornmaiid ; Mr. Jean Drakenberg, lix. 
J. H, Charlton, and Hr James Xhomption (of the firm of 
Charlton it Thonipaon). Ur. E. Lharlton (Paris). Ur. K. 
Charlton (Hartlepool). Mra J. U. Charlton, :aiaB Charlton. 
MieaEyieB.Mra.Jamt 3 Thompson, Mrs. BobertTbompcon, Miea 
FergoBon (Newcastle), Miea Andrew, lliaa HuUibinaoQ (Sall- 
bam). Miaa Darling, Ur. Jamea DickinHon. and tbe niambersof 
tbe builders' flxtu, After (be launeb, which vttta most aooceia- 
fnl, the eompany adjooraed to the firm'a luneheoa room, where 
lbs usDal toaalB were duly honoured. 

Kronoa.— On Thursday, May 30t1i, there waa lannohed froni 
the yard of the S-underJand ShipbuildiiiK Co,, Limited, to the 
prder of the ^eptna Steaipahip Co., o£ Brefpen, » etMl-acrew 
■teamer 1!>0 ft. B.P- by 30 ft. breadth, and -21 tt. '.I ia. depth, 
olaaaed 100 Al at Lloyd''^ under special enrwey. awnina deck 
tj-pa. having decWhouea amidahips. The officera' and engi. 
□eers' measrooni and accommodation ia placed amidahipa 
aloDiTiiide en^ne casicjg, whilel ibe captain and pieaengers are 
berthed in the bouee on deck. The veeeel ia provided with 
■teem winobee by Uc. B. Welford, o' i'iiliic>n, iiad atoering geare 
by Kesere. Denkin k Co. ; tri-conponnd engin^^s by 8ir 
Christopher Furaeda, Weetgartb A Co . Limited, of Middlaa- 
hroagh, having oyltnders 15j in.. 25 in., and 41 in., by 27 in. 
atroke. ItiO Iba. working prcBsora. The steamer ia built to 
carry about 1.21)0 tone desdweiiibton 16 ft. 3 in. draiighl, and 
in intended for tbe Rhino trade, and ber speed loaded wilt be 
10 kuals average. Ptarioii coDxtruction both bull and 
maobinery have been inspected by Mr. bi^meQe on bL'half of 
the ewnera, and upon Ittaiio^r ibe ways ehe was K^Acefntly 
named KniiiD' by Miaa Mad^e Havelook. daughter of Mr. John 
Havetock. J>1' , of Newcatitle-ao-Tyae, one of the directors of 
the sbipbaildiiig company. 



LAUNCHES- ScoTcn. 

OavlAO.— MeestB. Kamsga A Fergotioa. Limited. 
Uimcbed from their yard a oompoeite screw ttranii-r. built to 
the order of Meiers. lilandy Bros, & Co.i of Madeirn. for their 
paetciitjer and cari;« trade round ihe Jslenda, Tbe TOaeel'a 
dimeneioiiBara: — Lengih, (15 ft. ; breadtb, Jl ft, ; by 9 ft. ti in, 
moulded; the hottcim pUi,king being of .dm and topaide^ of 
teak, the whole being tiDpf.ii.'r fastened and lUentbed. The 
eoginev are compourid suifaoe conileneing, wilb 1^} in. and 
m ia. diamsUr cylinders, by 2ti in. siiukp, supplied ;n-ith 



110 



TH£ MABIHE ENGIKB£B. 



[Juae 1, 1897. 



Ptenu nt 110 Ibn. preaaure. On leiWng ttae wk^h the Teasel 
WBB D&mcd 6'"ri:ii> by Miss GrKbam, ot Mkdetra, 

DnclieBa Knd Ftetar Pfturc—Oa April SSod Uesarfl. ht&ckie 
t Tbaauoa, Govao, Uaaobed t)i« two ateara^TQ DuditiK and 
Fttter I-'aurc, The former, which has been Itnill for Mr, J. H. 
WOliftma, of Wrflington. N.Z., is !43 it. long, 20 ft. broad, and 
II ft. 3 in. deep. Sha is iDtaadad lor pasaoiiger t^ffio belW'fien 
Wellington and neigbbsariag seimide resorU, and will carry 
abaai l,IX>0p@r8on9, Tciple-expaaaioneD^nnea byMeaara. Muir 
rS Hoaal^D, nith cylinders la in., '2» in,, aju! 19 in. diamater 
roipectivcly, and a stroke of '21 in, ^i]l b« provided. Th« 
VobmI will have two funoela, abd will be elegautlp fitted ont. 
Bbe w»S Dttiaed by Mw. W. i. Mnt-bie. Falkland Bank, Pap- 
Uokhtll. The Pietrr fiiiife, whicli is named atter the Miniat«i 
ot Agrioolture at the Gape, has been bnilt to the- onler of ttae 
Govemmenli of the Cape oi Ooad Hope, ihrongh Sit David 
Tenn&Dti agent^geaeial la Loudoa. Dimenpioae: — Length, 
130 U. ; breadth, 'Jl ft ; and d«ptL. 12 tt. Tfi]>It-Gipaii9ic[i 
eaginM, havioS cvljncUrtf of I'J in , 19 la,, and ai in , will b« 
provided by .MeBsra. Muir & Honetoo. Tho veasel is to be 
iiBcd for 'GspecimeDtal fisbingatid foi deep SL'a cibaervatlona, and 
has been specially HUed for thew purpoaes with wbIIb forcarry- 
ing ilab ahve, a. iall Ml of beam and olber trawl gear, deep-sea 
BsTiiug lineH and other appliaucoa. The Pitttr faurs was 
named by Miss ThamBOD, of Slawart Ijea. Sootstouubili. 

Sea Eagle ^Od April 2Sth Meaws. Duthie, Sona & Co., 
Aberdeen. 1 Hit nched frosi Uioir etiipbaildin^ yard a at@el-Bcrew 
trawler, biult to the order of Mr. T, B. 0>iwu)d, JUilfordhsrsD. 
TliA vasutlBll? ft. in leagth, 20 ft. 6 in. in breadth, and 1^ ft. 
S In. depth. 8h« iebailt to oliisj ooanidei^ablj above Llojd's 
bigbest apeijiliQatioiiG . The tranler, which was nanifid the 
Sea Eaijlt, is intended for ttae trawEin^ inilu~tr}r in the Bay of 
BtBoay . the Iriah coast, and the south of England. 

Kytcmore.^On Wodn^sdiij'. April 2Sth, Ueosri, itQesell & 
OOi, I'ort- Glasgow, launched the Kylemore, a Iiaadsotiie saloon 
river pasBenger paddle - etc Riiier, which bae been bailt to the 
fltder of Captaiu Johu WilliatiiMon, Rotta«aay. &hit ia a sistor 
vessel to the KlT'itlimurr, which was launched in March laat by 
the same bnildii-re. Both vessels arc alike in size aad equip- 
inent. being 2001c. long by 2i tt. beam, and depth a ft., having 
promenade deck extending nearly the entire lonph of the 
TflBBel. with saloon on main deck dniahed in hardwood, and fore 
and att dining aalooiiB under main deck. They ar^ also fitted 
Ihronghont with i'ln:trio!ight. The engines, by MoMr^, Rankin 
Jli Blackmore, Greenock, are oompoDnd doable diagoaal, the 
boilers being of the navy type, with mild Corced draught. 

Forahaw.— On April ^Olb a powerfnt Band-pnmp hopper 
d/edger, built to- the order of the Corporation of Prestr>Q, was 
launched frojn the yard of Meaar^. Lobjfiit/ ^ Co., Limited, 
Kantrow. This dredger is fitted with themi>Bt modern fraprove- 
meats for loivding her hopper rapidly with sand by means of 
povreifnl pnmping plant, which is driven by triple-expansion 
eagisee, Arraogementsaro so made that, instead of loading 
kar own hopper, the spoil can he diacbarged direct ashore or 
ifito barges aloogaidc. The dredger has beeo bnill under the 
iBBtractions o! Mr. A. F. I''<iwlar, C.E., harboQP eni^neer lor 
Preston. The veasel, which was aamed the Farthaw by Mrs, 
Forehaw. Bnooeasfully look th« water in prt'St'Oce of Mr. Alder- 
man Forabaw. chainntgi of the Ribble oommittes ; Hr Aldec- 
man BEbby, vico- chair man, and the other members ot the 
Ribble oom^iltee. 

Bt«am LlDer---Oa May 1st a atoam liner was laamched by 

Messrs. A. Hall & Co.. Aberdeen, for Measrs.Lnndy £ Brawn, 
Irawlowners. Grimsby. Thevessel ia \*^ ft. in teii^th, 20 ft. in 
breadth, ami lOj ft. in depth. She will be fitted with com- 
[loaiid 5urfa<:c-condeiiBLng eiiginea of J5 H,P nominal, work- 
ing at 130 Ihfl. The veitBel will h» legistered At Orka^by, bat 
will Ash from Ab^sdeaa. 

2u<a.— On May lat, SI aura. Williaia Hamilton ti Co. lannched 
from the Qlen Yard, Port-Glasfow, a stoel acren steamer 
ol IXiOO tana gross regisler for Ueesrs. Bailey & Leetham, 
Limited, of Hull. Her dimepaione are;— Length, 267 fl. : 
bruAdtb, 'io ft. ; and dejith, 111 (c. The. steainor, which 14 built 
to Lloyd's highest olasa, ia istendsifor passenger and cargo 
»er\-ioe between London and St. rptershurfi. The ['!atiiig ia 
doubled and intomatly strenglbeiied forward tt> girevent damage 
fromcontacl with ioe in the Baltic. A long poop deck fitcnds 
(or nearly three fourths of the length of the vessel, and under 
tbia apaiasbip^ ac«)inint>datiQn has twen fitted fur 30 first-olMa 



passengers in large and airy state roonii^. The dining saloon. 
smoking room, and pantry are sctiialed m a deck-bouae an^th^ 
poop deck. The «aloon abd smoking rtiom are fitted in ttae 
most InxsirioaB mabrier, the walk being panelled in poliahed odk 
with tastL'folly carved }>i!aBter9. the sofa -^tfata and chairs bein^ 
richly uphob tared in \iiIvBt. The accommodatioa (or the 
captain iiod offiaurs are spacious, and fitted tip wi;h erery c%ie 
((II their comfort. All the neweet re'^niremente for the' qnick 
loadiog and disoharging and the workiii^ of tb? ship baa been 
supplied. incliadiDg Bteam niadlanS, steam atcericg giiar, five 
Dteam wiiiohea and derricka. The holds are Sited throngbont 
with Hhifting boards for carrying grain in bulk. The vessel ia 
Bchooner- rigged, and the topmasts are made 10 telescope so that 
Che T>L-B8el can pass under the bridges 00 the Manchester Oanal. 
The maohintry, whioh ia being supplied by Uesere. Bateon A 
Son, Kelvinliangh Engine Works, UlaegfiF, ieon the triple- 
espansioiL ayatem, tli« oyUndera being £2 in,, '-I6 tb., and &0 La. 
diameter by 3!) iio, stroke, steam being supplied by two large 
boilers working at IHQ lbs. preesure. An the veaael l«(t the 
ways xhe was nanied Xara by Mrs. M'CsUum.of GlBagov. 
Immediately after the launch Ibe veasel waa towed to tilaegow 
to have her macbioery fitted on boaril. 

White Queen— On May lat a steel atearn pleaenre yacht, 
bnilt to tae order of Mr. J. Gordon Stewart, Easts, was 
launched from the sbipbnilihn^ yard of Meaars. J. Dalbie. 
Sons « Co., -Aberdeen. The veBsel is 103 fl. in lengrh all OYor, 
16 ft. in breadth, 19 ft. Sin. depth of bold, and 130 tons groea 
register. She was named the tFhiCe •^•ueciL by Mrs. W. Rae, 
and will bo the first vessel of Hu kind lighted throngi'tfttt by 

ooetyiene gae. 

LatobfoFd. -On May Srd there waa lannnhed from the yard 
of M«8Bra. S, M Knight & Co. (Limited), Ayr, a steel aorew- 
steamer of AilOLonn for th^LatcbfordSbippingCo., ManoheetH', 
of which Mr. J. K. lilorri*, Liverpool, la mana^iDg owner. 
The vGiijel has he^n deeigncd for their Maacli«eteit', Liverpool, 
and south ■at Eegland trade, and lb complete with every 
reqnlaita for south coaEt trade. She has celltilar donbia bottom 
in forehold, large hatches with web fraioes lo ship's side, and 
etrong bracket to hatch coaming, two Kennaugh'a ataam 
winohoB and doable booms forqaick loadiag and disobargiiijg 
of cargo. The accommodation ft«r captain apd o-fticorB ^ is 
ti^atly fitted np, and the Eii^toon Utttd np in poiiehed teak with 
American oak paoelhng, and aofaa covered with railway 
carria.ga repp. The accommodation for engineers afl i) 
complete with every re()UiBite for comfort. iShe will be 
piopelledby eoginesof 17in. andWin., by 37 in. slrofce: bailor 
i'l ft.U in. by JO ft., oonstrncted by IdesBre. Bhanka, Morrioa 
<t: Co , Pollokshawa. The veasel and engines were deai^iied 

^bd en peri n. tended by Mr_ KennBu^h, BUpelrtnteudeut engineer, 

Whitehaven. Tlie veaset, as alie Left the ways, was ohiiatened 
the tafcft/ordby Mrs. BobortH, Manchester. 

Milca H. Burton —On May 4th Measrti. Wm, Simons A Co., 
Idmited, laQQuhed complete from their work^ at Kenfrew .» 
twin-acrew boppur grab dredger, which they Jiave oonstraotMl 
for tbe Mereey Docka and Harbour Board, under the diieetloii 
of their enginoar, Mr. A. G. Lyster, and which will be eblefly 
employed in dredging silt and deposit in the Liverpool Dooka. 
This vessel ia called the Milo fi. B»ri"n, aad is ot the following 
dimensiona:— Length, -';J0 ft.; breadth, 3"^ ft.; depth, 17 It. 
The hopper haa a capacity Ear 3D, WO cabic feet of dredginge. 
twiq-acrew U'iplt;-e-'< pans ion engines of t,-500 I.H.P , Add 
boilare oi I60 lbs. working preftBure, The dred^rg maohinenr 
ooniistB of Uve hydranlic cranes, fitted with ^rab bnckeie, each 
capable of containing aboot g tona of material. The cionea 
riredge to a depth of IT ft. below the light water line and 
delivers the spoil ioto the veaael'B own hopper, lodeoendent 
rteam lifting gear for the hopper doors and special eteara 
wipohae are provide foro and aft. K'ectric light ia ulao fitted 
throogbvnt the Veaasl for working day and night, steam 
steering gear. Ac, Ac. The vessel with its machinery haa bqan 
congtructod to the highest oUse at Lloyd's, and is the nialh 
dredging Tesael eonWruoted by the buddera for the Meraoy 
Docka and Ilarhour Itoard. 

Boropean, Gbor, And Elbe- — On May iith Mesara. Ua^ikieife 
Tliomsou launch(sd the Evropfaii, the £7>(>r. and the EU't, three 
steam fleeters, which they have buiM tor the Great Northern 
St&aniship Co., Hull. Tlie dimensiona ot each are;— Length. 
W3 ft. 'I in.: breadth. 21 ft.; depth, tl ft. 7 in.; and tonnagci 
li>D gross. Triple- ei pa nsion engiaas, with oylindeia el U In.. 
17 in,, and 95 In. in diameter by 21 ia. stroke, will b« fitted l^ 



I 



I 



June I, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ENGITTEER. 



Ill 



I 



McMTt. Moil A Houston, Kinnm); P»rk. Tbe ownen were 
veprcMated hy Mr. H. F. Foiuny, of Hn]', thoir couBtilliag 
«DgiDeer 

Velllngton.— On U^y 5t!i tbers vas lannehed from tbe fibip' 
ymrd o( lUeasr*. Camntlng ji Ellis, ohipbuililara, Invetheithinif. 
* euci Borew tuj£ to the order uf Slessra. John Cna & Co., 
Leith. tor MeBsrs. the Alrx,ftni]rii. Towing Co., tif LJTeTpool, of 
*ln) foUttwJiigdimenBioiia. vie.:— LeDRth,il3 It.; bretniLh. 20 ft.; 
•depth 12 ft,, into which will b& fitted poweriol engiaea by 
UcBBn. Joho CtAn >1 Co., of L«ith. Tb^ v««8?t bn.^ Uen bailt 
Jo exeese of Lloyd's rr^tjnirernents. And will be i^lki-Bed lOO Al 
lor towinj^ purpoMB, &ad audar the BUfwrviBion of Sir llu^lie?. 
of Liverpool. 4a tfa» vessf I laft the wa^a flbe was frjacefnllf 
nkmcd the it tUuigton by Misa Marie Eilie. larei-ikeitluiig. 

Dobrogca —On Ma; (Itb Mcasra. B. Napier & Gcaii. Limited, 
laucirhed from llieir shipbiiildioK jard, Goted, the firsl of 
Uuee ateel screw ateamere of about 3,Si>0 toia tbpy have an 
feknd for tbe Dtrectioa Genemla of lbs B^ninaiiian 8lfite 
RailCTs^B, BciohareBt. Tha f;«ni(>r&] dimenflii^iie are--~Length, 
300 fl. : bnadth. 3!4 ft. 6 in. : depth, 2| ft. 6 in., with a top- 
C&Uuit (orf>castle, Inne bridge, &Dd full iwoft. and ii bailt of 
•lerl oo tfae d.e«p-fiame prtci.-ipk, with oellolar double- bottom 
all lore and aft, lo the liigheat alaea ab BurBsa Verilae nnder 
ap«oUJ Barri-;. These fine TSBaelB have beeJi epeciallf dmeigaed 
to mut the r^uiremanls of the aerviiK ol tba Rd-v eminent 
Stale B*ilwayB, and are intended to develop the port of 
CoastantytL. whlih ia in the province of Dabrogia, and will be 
<ipeti all the year xoDDd. Eilanaive harboare are at preaant 
bfiDg made there, and the new veneele will no donbt carry 
outipaTde the coal that ia required for the railnajg mid ib» 
•tcamers engaged in runniag with the Orient and Otitend 
£XprMs aervioe of mailaand pasaen^prH to COD^tantinDpl-e, aud. 
ia iraDBportiD); the Urf;« qnantitiea of ceiealu gtomn in 
Bonmaaia to the markets of Europe. Tlie moat modern 
applianoM have liten auppl led for tb« efticieiit norkiiDg of th& 
ship and the rapid haodlini^ of circo. including a completS' 
inatnllatioD of electric hifhiin^ throovhout tbe vessel, and 
dfmfortabk aQoommodation for the capiain. oflicera, and 
«D^neeia has been provided On tbe bridge dock. The tnaohinety, 
which has b«(<iL eont^tTDcted At the baiJders' Ladretield En^iiitj 
Worka, oonaiats of a ael of tripla-«spaTiBian engioeB, with ttro 
•to«J boiler.', nnd fitted teith the moat receut imprm'etnentB for 
rCciency and rcocomy. A« tbe Bteamer aomme'nGed to move 
down tba ways she w.as named tbo /'n'lror/m by Miss Erie Turner. 

Tb« Qaeen.— On Saturday atiernoon. May Mb, the AILsa 
Bbipbuiiding Co. laanahed a ateel acrew atennier for Mcsara. J. 
Hay ,V Si'na. coaating and Conliocntsl trade, Sbe is of the 
tollowijigdiaienriODa;— Leiif'lh, between per|>endiouIar8,'n5,(l. ; 
breadth. 2I> ft. 10 in.) deptb monlded. 13 ft.; aud ntlllke Stled 
with compound engine*. 21 in. end H in. cylinders, with 30 in. 
atr«ke, by Metarg. Uuir It Houeton, Iiimitad. Sbe wai 
ohrittenad Thf i/uttH by Mia I. U. B. Cowan, Vienfield, Troon, 
tbe name bfling adopted by Ueiiera, Hay lo oommemorato tbe 
lop^ reigo of ber Majeely Qneen Victoria. 

Eltcrlc— On Uay 10th Kleaera. RuaBell a Co. lannched from 
KingBtoti Yard, Fort-Glasf{oir, the steel i'^r'ew c^i-rgo-oarrying 
aleuser Etitr'i, of a.sOO lona dt-adiveight, to the order of 
BlMara. Andrew Weir A Co,, Glargow. The dirupnatoDB aw : — 
Length. 34U ft, : breadth, 4ii fi. : depth, ii* ft. in. Meaara. ' 
R*nlua >1 riiackmoro, Greomxik wilt AUpply the njacbinery 

Hatitlk.— On May 12ib MeearB. Carmtehael., Maclran ,t Co. 
laciicbed from thtir ahipbuildiug yard, Greenock, a ateel aorew 
eteamer of l.OSu tone groia, with oarrjioij rapacity of I.WIO 
tana deadnti(rht. Liasucd 100 Al at Lloyd's, and of the follow- 
U>g dimeiksiofiQ - -Length, between perpend tcalais, 22S ft.; 
breadlb, 94 ft.; depth moulded. IG ft. i lo carry 1,4)00 Iduh 
deadneight. Tbe veaael which is for the Dampski bweUkabet 
Veat«rhavct, Denmark, ia intended for their Baltic trade, &c., 
and will be fitted with triple- ox panaion engioes, fupplied by 
Ueurs. Hniaoni (Sun, Glasgixv,. having cyliudcra 17 in., V7| in. 
Aiid44 in. by 3^ in. aimke tor ■ working preBioro of tiio lb. 
Th9 vessel ie fitted ni(b four eteaiu wincbn. donkey boiler, 
■team TCindlFiSB, iteam ateaHng-^iear, and «1I modern appliances 
for working the cargo. The cert-mcny uf naming the veesel the 
Xautii was firacefnlly peprormed by Mrs. Thoa, Orei,g, of 
MetUll. (In completion, the veaeel will be oocnnianded by 
Oaplkin Meineitz, under whase BUperinlendenoe the veaael hni 
Ut«n built. 



Bgypl.— On Uay ISth MeaarB, Calrd i Co- lannohed at 
Greenooktilena^ieQeRt etecl edfe*- flteamer £,7ji/jf, whioh they 
have bnilt for iho mail and paeeenger service of tbe Penissal&r 
iknd Oriental (^teajn Navigation Co. Slie is a staler ship to the 
fnilw, launohed in diiiil uf last year, ami ber dimenEions are ; — 
length, QOO ft : breadth, S4 fl. : depth. ^H ft. : and of 8,000 
tons te^iaier, Sihe will ba fumiahed by tbe buildera vitk 
triple- expansion eogtnee of 11,000 effeelive U.P- Like tbe 
Iitilia, the F^'ji'l will be one ot the be«t-e quipped and moat 
effirient ocaan-g^lDg eteamera afloat. She is mJdelled on beaU' 
tifol linieB, and eonBtrnoted of the fineet material. Huilt in 
accordanoe with, Lloyd'a 100 Al claea, she will oarry 500 saloon 
paseeegera. wboae L'omfort and Kunvenience have tueen cunai- 
dered in every way. As in TDse(!lH rec-antly bnilt for tbe F, as<i 
0, Co , the ealoone have been designed by Ui. T. E, ColHelitt. 
tbe emioenl Mcblteot of the Imperial Inatitdte, nhjle the 
bandaotue wood paneilingt in tbe aalDon, mnaie room, smakinK 
reon7. library. &a., have been eieented by tbe employ^ of 
the Meiari. Caird. Bioh plaetarwork adornn tbe cailiDRt. and 
all tbe apartments will be beauiifnlly mpholBCiTpd . The atile^ 
rooms, aome of wbich can be nried as family rooniB. will ha 
luxtiriaualy fDroiabed, and supplied with every requisite for 
(he oomfoctof tboBetrayelliiig to or from tbe Eaal. 'The venti- 
lation and aamtaty aocommadaiion are of a firat-tlajt deacrip- 
tion, and the ahip is lighted tbron^lioDt with a oomptete 
installation of electricity. The Egypt carriaB a full complemant 
ot boats and life-anBiog applianccB, and accommodation of a 
anparinr kind ia proviiled for both ollicera and crew. The 
engine-room ia iiUed up nitb tbe lateat appliances, Uowden'a 
patent ayetem of forced deaBght will he nsed on the bqilera. 
The abafiitig thronghotit b of Vieberit' ateel, and the propeller 
blades are of manganaae bronze. Tbe oarfio jearin^ i* all 
hydraulic and prootioally noiseleaB in its worxing. The Egypt 
b>B been conatructeid onder the anperintendence of Mr. li. J. 
Taylor, and theeogineB under Mr. dchn Petligrew. 

ChaFOflan.— On May l&th there was lannohed fkora Heain. 
RosmII Si Co.'b Bbiphailding yard a, steel Bpiir-de(!lied acrev 
ateamer named Clienmea. to the order of MesHra, William 
Thomwin tl Co , of St, John, New Jtrnn^nick, n^lioae agenta in 
this country are Mesara. OT. Soleyft Co . Limited. Liverpool, 
of the following diuensiona:— 333 fl. by 4^ It, by ti ft., 
deaignf^ to carry .j,O00 tona deadweight on a drangbt -of aboal 

20 ft, Tihe vasevl is fitted «rith all tbd latest and oiirtt modem 
improvements for the rapid handling of cargo, and is Hpsoiallj 
intended for the Atlaulic deal trade. After the Uunoh the 
veeaal waa towed In nbe Victoria H srbonr. Greenock, to receive 
machinery, which ia being .Hnpplied by Metars. John G. Kinoaid 
& Co.. tbe engines having cylinders iiia., 1! in. and H in. 
by 42-in, stroke, and two boilere 15 ft. G in, by 10 ft. ff to. 
Dqring conetrlictiOn thv Clttrr,via waa BOpetiuteadad h; 
Captain Marstert, who ia to command her. 

Tantallon C&etle. — On May Idth Measre, Hawthorne it Co, 
InUDched at Leitliaii itoD Acre^ et«an) trawler namrd tbe Tan.' 
taVfjnC'iiil', boiltto the order of Mr. .1. A. Smith, of Hnll. The 
diroensiouB ate : — Length, ill ft. B. in, i breadth, '.^1 ft. : depth, 
11 ft. 3 in. Tbe veasel will be filled by the builders wuth Crijile- 
expanaion engines having cylinders 13 in., 'il in . and SA in... by 

21 in. stroke, wHh a working pressure of 170 Iba, 
ThJplmerG — On May Ijih Mesara. Robert Dunoan A Co., 

Limited, lannched on the Clyde a ateel aorew ateauier of 2tiii ft. 
by 40 ft. by 20 ft. Sin, moolded, eonetructed to carry a dea^l- 
weight cargo of ^,004 tons on a dranghi of 11 it. 6in , and bnolt 
to tbe hiabvat claaaat Lloyd's, under t lie snperiotendence of Mr, 
□ eoTfte MTatlane, for (.he Thirlmere Stefknubip Co., Limited, 
Mancbistcr, of which Ueapre. Herbert Watson i Co. are the 
managing owners. Tbe a(«amer ia htted with direot etetm 
windlass and steam steering gear, alao fall and efBcient meana 
for the rapid loading and diacharging of cargo. Sbe waa namad 
Thi'lmere by Mrs. Herbert Wateon, wife of the oiBnAging 
owner, and after the launch the vesepl tvas towed to Glasgow 
for the purpose of having iriacbinery litted On board. £be t^ill 

be supplied with triple- eipa obi on engines, haviny cylindera 
20in., 31)in,, and Ssin. bj SGin. stroke, by Meaera. Hall- 
Brown, Buttery & Co., Govan 

Or«i«II,~On May IKtb MMEri. Charles. Connell & Co., 
Whiteincb, tannehed from their Bcotatoun shipbnilding yard a 
aleel aoraw ateamer, bnilt to the orderot Meaars. Jts. Gardiner 
A Co.. ehi|!OwneT«. Glasgow. Her dimensions are .-^Length. 
aAlft.i breadth. 45 ft. i depth, moulded, ',^'1' ft. (> in, : with a 
deadweight capacity ot abont COCO tona, Sbe has been boilt 



112 



THE MAED^E EN&INEER. 



[June 1, 1897. 



(a Lloyd'i bigbeet alkss ks a thr«e-de«ked ateftcner, nilb a (oU 
poo|>. btidB». bud to[i|{BlUnt (oreo&^tle. alto celliil&r doablo 
bottom rinlil fore bud aft for W4ter ballast. Gnch hatch is 
eiftiipped with winches nod deniche completely- mraDged for 
■peeay loadiiiK and discbargiug, Tbe pngiDe». wbicb ure of 
Ibe most approved Uipla^xpauaion type, haTing uylindeia 
S~) to,, 40 in., Abd <1(S id. diameter l>y J5 in. stroke, wark«d I17 
two fiiD^]e-eDd«d faoilerB, litt, \Oia. diA^meter bj itll. tS in. 
lOBg. fitted wilh Howdeu'H forced dranght, arc belBjf (.■onutrnclei 
by MetBiB. Danamuir & Jackson. Govun. As the VGaBsl left 
(be wayB efae was named Orittrlt liy SlieR Wilkin, Graogeriiouth. 

' Oldulfe iA Cinteta — Od Afty 18tb there was lanncbed (rum 
ttiA flblpbnilding jard of Meniia. MnrdMb A Itdut-ray, ai Port- 
GtaB|[aw. a steel twiD^acrL'W steamer (or paaseDger and oar^o 
traffic on the River Aioaion. The dimenaiona oi the vesBel 
areaa fol>owB:^Leiigth, 140 ft.; breadth. tJTil. : depth of bold. 
>tEt. ; tounaRe, S(K> tone. On leaving ibo mye the teSEd wae 
naioed Ciiiaitt ilf I'mnci^ and was immediately Laken in tow for 

O'aa^dw, where sill'' will be litted with two r«t4 C>f cocipouod 

eDf;in«e by Mesara. Leei, Andaraon ^^: Co. 

MIgerla.— On May ?Oth MrsHe. David S. Diinlop A Ca, 
launched nt For(-Gla4KD'n', to the order of ibe Boyal Nigie-r Co. 
Chaitered aad Limited, of Loodoc, for their eervicfi on the' 
Weal Coiiftt ot Airica., the iteel twin-screw BtearoM A'i^frin. 
Hr dimenaiona are: — Length, l4Sft. ; breadth, 'J6tt. On ;' 
depth, mauldfid. !l ft. Sin.; andabe le designed to So bHirork 
on a epeciallv li(;ht draa^bt nf water. Hbe ia to be fitted with 
two aetn of cumpotmd e urfBce-^wiideuaing engines, having 
oylindera lu in. and ^0 in. diameter by lii is. atrihe, 

Ab>i DadSiBhefr-— Or Ma; SlDth tbe Cal«ao]i Sbipbaitdiiij 
and Engineering Co., Limited. DddiIm, lanoched a st«e1 screw 
steamer whiish ihey haie built to the order of a HiiBHiria firm. 
Bhe LB 2:;-l it long, 32 ft. broad, sod IGtt. mouldetl dfplh. The 
en^oeBnre of 1 lie triple'eKpanaiot] type, having cylindara If) in., 
37 IE)., and 44 m. respectively, with a pietoa atroke of ^Sio. 
Tho vfiHBel ia iblAaded fon the Caapiaa Sea trade, she will ba 
'amploy«d carryioj; oil in hnlk, and was cbrisl^oed Jbax 
DaJoihtff. 

LATJNCH.—GiBViK. 

tlopdland,— Od Miiy mh a oew steel acrerw elcamar, boilt for 
Mr. Alfred ChriBtenaen, Stenrnihip Co., Nordsoen, in Copen- 
lii,g«ii, was lannqhed by the t'lenaburi; Bhipbuildiog Co. This 
»lti<kin«t ia Blaesf d Ut Diviaion Veritas, aod haHdimenBioDB :— 
UCO ft. by 3t> ft. by 17 ft, 3 it). On karing ifair waya ih» was 
iihtiaten«d by Miss Holme. 



TRIAL TRIPS. 

Xragonla,— On April 27lh a new twin.Borew Hteamer, built 

for iho Eiimbntg..\merioa Lu3«by the Fiensbtirg ShipDuilding 

">., was taken on trial in the FlenBburg Fjord Thia ateamer 

ts dimeiiaione l-ilO ft,, by fiD ft,, bv 33 ft., and ie claued HlO 

il at British LloydS, Her engineff, about 1.000 H.P. each. 

built on the trif to.aspanaii>D ayetcuij give the vesBel a speed of 

'average 12-knatB, 

ll»iio(iaili.-Oa AprO 29th on the raeaanred mile off Whitleiy. 

was tried the o.e, MumuAtv. built by Maisra. C, &, Swan 

« Huntai. Limitad, pf which Utia^re. Qalbraith, Pembroke & 

CO', ot LondoD. are tha managing owtiar4- Tbe veBwl ie '2ir, ft. 

looff, by :VJ it., fi in. beato by -JO ft. S in. moulded depth, 

ovryiog a deadweight of 3,070 torn on W ft. in. The 

uigineB are triple .eijiaQBiLiu. built by the Central Marine 

Enipne Workj, o( Weet Hartle<pool. the oyltndeiH being '31 in., 

S3 in., and 6(j ID. diameter, bj 'i^ in. stroke, and the working 

rpcauure 160 tbe. The veswl wae in ballaat trim, the mean 

■imd being lof knots, .\ aitnri^ S.S.W. wind was blowing at 

j IDB titae. with a choppy aaa. Tbe engiiiei worked very eatis- 

, titcborily, and the variooa tnalei oC steerinf! and letting go 

inohora, Ac, proved quite etScieni. The vessel will be com- 

mandod by Captain ISiatia, who bjie Boporinlemleil the veajel 

(Idtiuk c^iistrqction, tbe engines having beeii aupetintended by 

Mr. Clarke, both beisg present at the trial trip, 

WKkaiA Hua.— On April 29th and 30tb tbe large twin-aorsw 
jltttirier Ifii^-uta Mam, 5,»73 tuna giuse. went down tha Clyde 
anfraii her speed and coal oonBumtition trials. During Violh 
dayi her iDaL-hiuery worked Without tbe aligbteet liit<ih, ud 



gave every BdtiBfaction to the ownars' reprewBOtatavea. who were 
onboard. A mean speed of I4j kiioli) naa easily obtained. 
The Wakima Mnru ie the third steamer built by Mebisra. David 
aodi Wiltiivii) EdDiIacHOD it: Co.. Pan ick. for the Nippon Yuaei; 
li^isha, "f Tobio. thnir representative in thie nitinlrv being !tlr. 
A. H. Blown, CoDsul fcr Jap^n, Glasgow. Mcstj.re. Qenderaoa 
have other two ateamera c<l similar ai^ in bald for tbe eams 
owners. 

W rea.thler.— On Tacsday, May 4tb, the a.a. Wrf.jiAier. 
bailt by Meesra. Craig, Taylor dt Co., of the Thoroaby Ship- 
building Vard, to the order of WeBsra, The Goole and West 
Uidinp Steam Bhipping Co., Limited, had a very cucceaBful 
trial trip. The dimenBiana of the veeael are 208 ft, by :il ft. by 
13 It T tD, ; ehart poop, raised quarter deck, long bridge, and 
top gallant forecastle, cellnLar bottom fore and aft. abo h«lta»t 
in the peaka. Bhe ia tttled with three steam wiochea, steam 
ateering x*»> Boparate doakay boiler, and MeserB. Emecnon, 
Walk«r >1 Tbompaon Srvth^ra' psteut dirMt ateani qaii^ 
warping windUan. The enginea, hj Me«.Brs MacColl &: Pollock, 
of the Wri^ath t^aay Engice Works, Sunderlind, are IT in-, 
2ijj| in., 4S in., and 30 in. stroke, wltb boiler working at 
liiu Ibe. presanre. Tbe boll and machinery have been oon. 
atrooted onder the pereoDal auperviaioo of iUr. Geo. H. Stirong. 
U.I.N. A., consulting engineer, Bull, who was preeent at thia 
trial aa repieeenling the ownara. Uver a aeriea of runs on the 
uieamu'ed mile, a mean epeed of 14 knotti wts obtained, ftnd. 
this was cooBidered very highliy setiafactory by tbe owtiers. 
The veacel will carry a large cargo on a light draaghk of vntter, 
and ia patticnlarly B,uited tor tbe Goole trade. Ia addition lo 
the chairman o( t,ha company tWr. E. W. Hnncari, and tiie 
secretary fMr. H. W. Eiard), (he fallowing gentlemen were 
aleopreaent :— Mr. B. Fnrriab. Ur Bel),. Mr. Bvei, Mr. Ears- 
ahaw, Mr. Webuter, Mr. Hacter, jna,, Mr. Wilsoa. Mr. A, 
Blytb, Mr. EntUe, Mr. Hordenby, and Mr. B. Brown. After 
the trial trip thti vtttael at onoa prooeeded to tbe Tyne. onder 
tbe ooniniaiid of Captain C. Moore. 

Euro.— On May €lh the eteani-lng ^utu waatakeii onbex 

trieU trip at eea, when fotti* runs on the meAanred mile were 
laadet a mean speed of nearly 13 knota wna obtained. The 
veisel was partly loaded with poal, and in water ballaitt. 
The machinery worked in tbe moat aatiefatitory manner 
poesible, vibration under the large proiwrtionate power being 
nearly a.bient. A triulof the euppletnentary machinery waa 
made, and the falvnge pump showed itaclf capable o( dealing 
with a laigQ (juanlily of wkter. The ve^a^l'a dimensions are 
ISftft. 1 in. bj22!t. fiin. by 13 ft. .3 in. She is bnUt to Lloyd's 
cIbbb, and ia laBtefallj' fitted and oontpleted in flrst-claaa 
style for lag aervic«< ; ahe has very nicely fitted accomniodatioii 
aft in view of pa-aeengsrs being on hoaTd. The captain'a, 
oBicerB*. and engineeia' roome are nioely fitted ond oomtortably 
arranged for hot cliiuatea, and eveu the ateward'e pantcy ie 
fitted out in polished wood and well funiishetl, BteMn Ble«ring 
I geu- ia fitted :>il bridge. The propelling mactiiuer; is well 
F proportioned, fall attention beiit^ given to her trade. Bhe is 

I well lighted And ventilated, and la fitted with feed-heater and 
evaporator. Her cytiniders are of the followiog dimen^riona, 
^ 16 in., i'li in., and 43 in., by 30 in stioko. with ample boiler 
power> ^ be baa been built by Meaara. Gourlay Iln>tfa«n, of 
Pun^ee, under the inspection of Meaara. Flanne:ff, Raggallay 
& Johnson, of London and Liverpool. The vesael wiU proceed 
to her deHtinatioEi afLer loading. 

T. B, Thompion— On May 'th the n.a. T. R, Tbomjitan went 
on bet trial trjp, when a epe^d of rieii.rly I'J knots was attained. 
The vesKl, hmlt for Mr, WeetoU, wae UnncUed from thoahip- 
bnil-ding yard of Meears. Short Uros,, and is of the tollowiiig^ 
dimeDBiouH: Lengtb, 360 ft ; breadtb, 47 ft,: and depth. 
moulded, 27 ft. 4 in. ; tbe deadweight carrying capaoily balng 
fi,^!]^ tons OD a moderate ilran^ht. The engineB and boilua 
bavi' bi'en fitted by MeeeTB, J. Dickineon Si SoQB, Limited, tha 
cylinders Wiv^ '^H ia. , li> in. , tiad <)ti in., in diMn^tec by 46 ia 
stroke, ati^m beiiig supplied by two large steel boilers M 16. 
bs. preasnre 

Uranus.— Un f^atnrday, May Sih. the s.s. i'raiiiu, boilt by 
the Sunderland Bhipbuil-.ling Co., Limited, was taken to 
««) htf otHqial triat trip. The dimeneiona are, '210 ft, by 'i'i ft, 
by 164 ft. moolded, built to the hif^heet t^Usa at Lloyd'* tiiider 
apeeial survey, bavlug raised qnnrteT-deck bridge and topcallaut 
foiecaatle. The engineers' me-iBrootn und all aceommud alien 
for captain and olbcera is pls>ced amidahipB. Tbe vessel ia 
provided with ateam winones by Mr. R, WaUord, pMant 



I 



J 



June 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE EN^INEEE. 



113 






windlaig b; Hessra. Clube, ChApm&a ft Co., And oom'bioed 

hkiul iinil Bieam ateBring gear, ^y tleaita. Doukin & Co., and is 
liuitt pwiioulftrlv (or the ownerg' Spanish litje, hfcving lAzge 
cubi-" i^lpacily »Oil wild oatry n deB.(iwBij(ht of l.ollO tODB 80 
irt ft. m«&D drBDgbt. The engines are tn-cOTcpound, liavmg 
oylindcrs 17 in., '2S in., t6 in- by 3il in. atroke. built by the 
North- Ebb wrn Marinfl t;ngiiieoriQg Co,, Liinited. Sandailaud. 
Imring the whole p«nod of the HUtatner's IrinlH the miwbiDery 
woiked wiithfliit » hitch, ftoi! n tnean speed ot IfiJ knote wm 
ob^Blaed, wliiah w4B considered aioet satiBfaatory. Dtifing 
o4s«(raovi<ni both hall Knd i]i&chiite[>' iiavei be&a io-Bpected bj* 
Ut. SwDi«aB and Cnpt. Babtie-r on beh&lf of th« owneri, tbe 
Neplnn Stwzaahip Co.. of Bramec, 

JIvOB.-The IwiD-aarow ntPaniBlbip Aio". which bio jngt barn 
cotoplobed by Meiera, WiKhain Bichordson A Co- fci tb«ir 
KepluQO Work a, Nf"veaatIe-Ci»*TvQB, went (or k hishly 
BU«e«B«fiil ttial trip off the ooaai en ThiiTBday, Mny )3th. 
The mearnsr ia of ste^l. and will take tbe biKhsst olaas ia 
nioyit'a KutiiateF; she is SfXl (t. in leogtb, and baa bwo mastB. 
with a iigbt fare-nnd'&ft rl^. The vessel h\i moat IniitrioitB 
fcocoramodatioQ for a l/irga nQmber of passL-ngerB. The firet- 
cbsK, of whom ihtire are Ifri), have a large dininK Baloon Ort the 
biridKe deck^iipidghip), imd rocw*Td of »t there is il latj^e iDoaio 
uloon: A emofcioR-rf-om ia rIho provided on the aame deck 
ftfl The UdiM' room with the stewardeeMB' room, lavatariee. 
Ad , are on th>a maia deok, Tlie ae<:ond-c1iiBt! pataenfirra are 
aocbmrnodaled aft la rh* poop, and therp i» alao accomraod*- 
(idn for a i^tge nntnbpr of thirci-claas. The entire paetwngor 
aCDoiiiaiodatioB haa been arcao^red with the ereataet taat4 
yqd Ofxe (or tbe WTnfort of those travelling. Tha pnpelltDg 
mtetiiii«7 cotBiBta of »w& wtn of triple-expuiBion 
nifiinea. each bavinfr four cylinders nnd four cranka, 
Mlf-balAnt«d or tbe Yarrow, Schlick Si Tweedy ajilem. 
Bo^neB which ore oonalmoted on tbiB syatein, do not vibrate 
io the teaet when rnnning, and,. ihereCare. a grave sooroe ot 
diaoomfort to pacaeogers ia removed. Ttiis ateanier in tbe 
enlf poafitriig- «gf^ <jd the Ee^t (."oust which is eo titled, and 
lur ownort confidently expect her ou this aonount. without 
taking into accouot ber high speed and Ininriooa accommo- 
dation, to become nt once tbe favonrita ol the pnbtic who 
irnvol between. London and Scotland by sea. Thearrangementa 
(or working iho aliip and her oargO' are aleo of thei moat 
pwdem aod improved deu^c, iacloding 'onr powerful Bte-am 
Knd hydrnttliti crajies. and Bteufti and hydraulio ftteeHn^ g<Ar 
fall Brown's patenti>), nil of which havt^ tbe ^reat advantage 
that, beia^ Doiaeless.. they do not diitntb ihe paesengerB. 
Tb* stctamer haa tw^a bailt to the! order of Cxrron Co., for 
tbeir London anil Ciraiiiije'niotitb Serviw. Sha i^ a (aater boat. 
mad temerally a jfroat ira provtment over the i}ra"-_it. which 
VM boilt a tew jeara ago by Me^a(3. Wieham Hiohiirdson fc 
Co, for t)ie Bame coinpKiiy, aod which has proveil h.^r&elE a 
tnoct popnUr boat on the London and Urac^emouth route. 
The vessel has been b<ulC nxder the auperviBion of Mr. Frank 
P. ftpeara. the marine anpierLnteDdeDb for tbe owners, who 
rapreaetited ttiem on tbe triivl trip, when orerythiae worked 
intlunit a hit«ii, ei^ing entire eatisfaotion to both owners and 
bvitder*, tbe abBcoce of vibiation.s ia tibe en^jine* heiag an 
earnest of comfort lot the pnasen);etfl in futnre- The t)pe«'d 
attained was olgo moat Batiefactorj. being iu eii^ess of the 
goaranteed speed. The builders were represented on tbe trial 
tripfaj Mr. Tweedy and Mr. J. Denham Cbriatie. 

CaniUvtin.— Lately the RiHBiAii pnBKenf{er e learner Cantlaa- 
Un proceeiWI from tho Tyne for her otBcial trial trip. Tbe 
VMBul vrna lately tmni to thi; North-EaBtern Miirliiti' Engineering 
Co., Limited, at WnllstinilnQii-Tyiie, wlm faiive replaced the old 
Bachini^Tj with twin Lri-co]np<:>und etiRiues of the mtmt modern 
tyQCi anij «vbo bave al»o eiiiirdy ri'aK>d«l It'll th^ veoKl and 
p»sMI»^r a>jooti)iEiodBti<i]). A compleie eUctrte H^ht iDstalU' 
tiwi hos aiM been fitted by Mesais. Clfli'he. Chapiran & Co., 
Limited. Oatetheail. On the trml trip the ik^w iDnchinery 
woiked without the Bligliteat iiitch, and gave entire ^'A'iifaction 
to the owners' represeiitiitiveH, who eipre*»e4 ihemeelveH ng 
bigbly pkusi'd with ull the till era tio-nf and impraveiuente. The 
ccasiirapiion tri*l9 of tbe veseel showed lhi.1, though tb« 
eoii9.aisption of cobIb is exactly half uf what it previouely was, 
tbe atieBd bad bvoo increaaed from llijln II J knots. Mr. James 
Cotinack, of Meaarg. J. Cormaok & Co., 'Loilh, the ownera' 
czents, wag praseiit at tbo trial, as alto Mr. Daniel Cormack, 
who aoiperiiktendrd tfai^ work. The vesEel La one of the fleet 
of iteamere trading between Riga and Kt, Petersburg, is a 
bUldKriBe Btcamer, daboraiely fitted up lor GO tirat-claBB and 



about 300 Moond-claaa piaaengers, and ia imdei the (lommaud of 
Captain Wolter. 

MajfloweP— Thit veseel, whiob hw been eoMtmeted by the 
Clydt-back Knspneenng and Shipbaildinp Co.. Limitini, hai 
cOJnpkted an evt*Bei»e eerifs of trials. On May 3rd the vesael 
prooetded down the fli-th, wlien tlie day was oocnpied by 

Erehminflry and progreBaive trials. On tho tollowijig day a 
iBgthj- ooal-oonaumption trial was ancoeiafully aoootnpUahed. 
and ou 5tay 6lh the ofikial Bpead trial was i-ao bttween tbe 
Clooh und Cnnibrtie tights, wli(]> the mean (,pe*d was found Io 
be ItrJ knotH. She haB a length of 3l2fl ft. over all, a moulded 
breadth of 30 ft. Ip in., And mouldod depth i>f 31 ft., tho firOM 
tonJiBB* being I,7n0 ions. She ia at present being fitted not in 
a mj>Ht lnYurtonn and compl^tie manner, and it will bo noma 
weeks before aba is flnatly tendy for sfa. The MavAmer has 
been designed by Hr. Q. L. Wateon to tbe order of Mr- O^dpn 
Ooelet. 

KamAkura Maru.— On May Tth the Kmnakiira Maju, the 
firat ot the. twin- acre w ateaaaera placedwiih Sleaflrs. Wortaaan, 
Clark A Co., Limited. PelfaBt, by Mr, A. It Brown, UlaBL;ow, 
for the Nippon Yosen Kainha <jI tTapan. completed h?r official 
triala on the Clyde. The veBsel is 4-15 ft. long, 411 (I. S ia. 
broad, 'A'i ft. fi in. d^ep, and she baa been boilt to Lloyd'i 
highest clasB and in nooformity with the Board of Trade 
reRolations f*r paesingoi Hervtces, Owing tr> the tire which 
destroyed part oi tbe hmldera' enKine work several monthB ago. 
the enninea had to ba Qon«tnitled outside, and MeaerB. Barclay, 
Curie* Co., Litciled, Whileinch, undertook tbe work. The 
eagincH are of tho triple-eipaneion ty™. Tho bollera -were 
sapplied by the baildere. Tbe avera^g* of eana on thenieasarBd 
mile at gkelmorlie, and of a six hoora' ran anbaecinently, waa 
lii knats, which waa in exoeea of the contract. 

Ireland.— Oa May 8tli the new steam trawler Iwlon^, buIH 
by MeserB. Cook. Welton, A Gommf 11, to the ord«r 0* the Hall 
Steam riehing and Ice Co, Umilad, bad her ofBeUI 
tritU. Her dimBnaiobS ar* '18 ft. tonir by 20 ft. li in. breadth, 
by 11 ft. depth o( hold, and fitted with maohmerj by MeBsra. 
AmoH ft Smith. The ran to eea proved the reaael'B speed and 
gea-Eoin^ qaalitieH to be all that oould be deetred. 

Hennod.— Lately the new screw steajncr SermoiU bnill by 
tdaiKB. \Vood, Skinner A Co., Bill Ouay-oii-Tjne. to tbe grde« 
of Meiera. BrnnBgaard, Kjostered 4 Co , Dram, Norway, had a 
moat Bdccesaful official trial trip on tbe me4ftBr*d rciile ofi tha 
Tymr. The v^gEel {s oI the fingle-deak typo, with bridge and 
topBaUant forecastle. She ib 20* ft. long. 1(6 ft. wide, asd 
20 ft. E in. in dupth mouliled. and bas been oonBtrncted to 
attain the hiRheat claag in Norwegian \eritaa. Tha veesiel ta 
litled with 4ill tbe lateat appliances for (a<oilitatiDg rapid load- 
ing and di^chBir^Bi; of oar^. The maobioery baa been oon. 
strucled by tbe North-U astern Marine Enginwrindi Co.: 
Limited, at their Wal'send wotka, and corifliBta of ft ael Of 
triple-expanoion eoffines, having cylindsrB lnj in.. SO in., ana 
40 in. diametet, by Vi In. atroke. with :a large steel boiler, ani) 
amongst tbe anxiUary mat^hinery in the engine dnparlment ia 
a ■■ North- Eaatem '■ combined feed heater and oleaaer, 
together with a '■ North-Eastern ' evaporator. Despite fb.^ 
anlavoorable atate of the weather the trial of both veaael and 
naachlnery proved io every way Batiafactorj. 

Jupiter --On May lObhtbiHoil tank steamer, bnjll by Jfa»Br'. 
Wm, Dobson 4 Co.. ander Bareaa Veritae r^lea. to the order of 
MeaWB. Lane & Ua<xAQdie«, of X-obdoa, for aerviae on tbe 
Volga, waa taken oa btr trial top, when very eatiBfactory rnna 
were made on the meaeared mile, the speed obiiiiied being a 
JiUla o?er II knots. The veBtel ia of the following dimen- 
8iona:~27d (i. by 32 ft. by lO ft. H in., and ia Bttod with twin- 
screw aompoundoandeneiDgengiDep.haviiig cyLindtreS-t in. and 
46 in. br -'7 in,, built by the Wallsend Slipway and tloRineering 
Co,, ol Newcaatle, nnd'taki-B Ble.am from twolarfie boilers fitted 
for oil burning as wall aa coal conBiimption. Daring the tTiif 
the auiiliary in>chinery was tborouijhiy Iricd^and loond very 
eatiafactory in every rcepect. She lb. conBtructert under the 
auperintendeoce ot Measra. Flanniery, Baggaljay, and Johaai>D. 
of London and Liverpool, and ia bailt to two aeotiona in order 
to pftM the Rqetiian ^!»IlRl^ and i« oapabl* of Wing separated 
or jointed together afloat, apec'nl pOntn>oii.B being sapplied and 
aent oot with Ihfr Teasel to keep her in trJRv during the 
operation. 

Bxceltlor —On May Hth the new ateamer Eiuitivr, wljlob 
was teceotly launched by Mesara. Ooirlay Brolhcca & Co. Iqx 



lU 



XH£ UABIN£ ENOI^'EEB. 



[June a, 1897. 



Anotrftlfan owaera, m%d9 ber oiOaiBi trikl trip- The v«b^J 

Sirar«ed«<:l iiDder tfa* ehugaat Otptain Faitoo- sb f*r m B«11 
tock. Her ecmpKawi bavin^ baeo &dji]«t«d, bIi« leCDrned to 
ths liver, ftnd over the mnanred mile & sp^ed ot It^ knoU wl» 
ariained. The perfonnaaco of tbo atokmer was WDtidered 
witiBfaclory. 

LDVtPt.~On Mny ICIb the Btcd-aerew BtH.ni« Loeari, of 
1,030 tona graiB. btiilt bj McBsrs. CirmiobM], UaoleAii A Co., 
Gtcencclc, and eng^ned by Measn. Mnir & Houelon, Gltie^ow, 
for Me«BrB< Lave it Stiswart, efaipownorfe, Gi^efpvi ftod 
Ilo'iieBB, lanherollioiftl trial trip en tbo Cljtle. Loaded with her 
lull ciLr^,-o, the l,t'S'iirf, on her ma <jv«r the BjeteateiJ utila 
At Skeliiiorlie, sttsiiiei! a Bpi^eil of <.IJ knots p<tr boni, which la 
tbove the gaanntee. The engine waik^d eniiiothlj', and the 
reaolta obtuDedon ihe trial neic coniiidered highly BKtlefactory. 
The Loriirt, tiDder llie command of CaptaiD ThoniM)!), left the- 
Clfde the a&me aveulng tor the Bikllio. 

HoTthville.— On Mbj- l^Lh the new sle^mer .Vi>rrir(<ilf«, of 
Korlh Shialda, built by UesarB. John KeiwJbe&d & 6onfi, to the 
order of Metjsri. Dall* it Stau^&eld, prooec-ded to sea loaded, 
when a Ltial at the Miglnea anil e^etnl took place. Tlis (tteaniBr 
VM ran ai< fall c&Dtinnoag ateaming tor ihree hours, up and 
down the oonst, and tbe speed tested on ihe measured milis off 
Whitley was over [1^ knots The trial waaooiihideredthoroaghl;' 
UtiefoAMtj to builders (tad owdsi a. Tbe Sorljiriiu afterwards 
proceeded on her voyage to OdMaa aiid«r the oommaiid of 
Capt. Gflo. Halt. 

Briton.— On Halm-day. Maj ISth, the b.i. Btiiot^, bnilt by 
the Sanderland Sbipbuilding Co., Limited, was taken to 
•ts on her trial trip, when a. speed of lU knoU waa obtained. 
ibe v»h1 belli; fu% Loaded, the mo^Aiiner; vorkiiig with 
perfect smoothneea ; the onner, who tras oa board, beinig cnore 
than Utitfied with tbe ruaaltv oblsiiied. The ateamer ia 
SMft. B.P.,30ft broad, (.nil 11 ft, U in. deep, clashed IW Al 
at Uoyd's, nnder special Korvey, havio);; raUed qnailer-Jeok, 
"bridge, and topfiallatib forecngtle. The officers' and enpiieera' 
meBaroom and accommodBtion is placed amidehlps. whilst the 
captain |g berthed in houaa on deck. The de<ik macbiinerj 
cooaista of direct Eteam windlaEa by Mcbbdi. Clarke. Chapman 
A Co , winchee by Mr- B WeUord, of Pallion, and ateeriBg, 
gear by MeasTS. Dankin tt Co. LMge biLtahes nre provided and 
arranged to anit the trade lorwhioh the boat is imended. Tbo 
eriftlnes are tti-compQUBri by MeiBrti. tbe North Eastern Marina 
En^neering Co.. Limiled, bundarland, having cyliiidurs 17 in . 
26 in,, and 46in..bj 31) in. stroke, 175 Ibe. working preHsure. 
ieedfaeater, evaporator, anil all the latest impruvemeDta in 
DiariDi.' tti^iDi.'i,-rii3R. ,\ compK-tc inBtallatisD oi electric liKbl 

is filled by U*«fif». tha rionderUnd Forga and Enyineering 
Co., liimitfd. The Ftnsel is built up'^a very fine linta Ear a 
■teamei tf this typo, and npona net regieti^r of 3.16 tone, oarriea 
1.000 tona, und d'rans 13 ft. uben fully loadfd. Several vesaels 
of this class have b«en hnilt hy thin company, all carryinga 
very large oargoapon a eimilarly email doI tonaaRe. During 
iconstraotim both hull and macbiaery have been inspeeted hy 
Mt. Heed on bebnSf of Llie Owner, Mr, £, Hawtboni, of 
Londan. 

Dresden —Tbe Great Eastern RailTray Co. ia idat addinjj to 
ita uli'eady fine fleet of passtiiger boats plying on the necr route 
to the north of Euroi>e from linTwicii. via the Hook of 
Holland, a Gae tnin-ecii'w alenmor Darned tbe fir»(i«ii. vbich 
has been bnilt at Huii by Eaile'a Shipbuilding and i:nj.'iDeenDg 
Co., Limited. Tbe ship, nhich ia 3V: ft. long, i» 3 ft. vrjdcr 
than her fovr predecesaorp, and alth«ngh posaeasiuK machinery 
of piaotically thi: Aame power, yd b^r linea being some v hat 
betUr she haii attained a higher apeed The contract was for 
ITj kDOta with a load on bosrd eijaivaleut to her oomplement 
of paasen.gera and the- amount of cart;a ueually carried ; but on 
the Cull power triala lately, both on the measured mils end oji 
the long dlataiice run, the average rato was much in excels of 
that atipQiated for; indeed, on a conr»u coveriQ^; more tban 
100 enilea, the thip matntaitied an average epeed of oloan upon 
lU knots per hour under conditions of weather that were dis- 
tinctly unfauourable, while the workioK of the machinery tvae 
In every respect moRt satisfactory to all concerned, and b'ipbly 
creditable to tlie builders. Th>e higher rate of speed the 
/'rrxirn ia capable of attaining and Ihv other iniprovementa in 
Variun* detaiu pfggeated by previous nperiencq wiib these 
tbinswiU na doubt eaa» her to rapidly become a favourite 
with Invellera fre(]n«nting thit serriee. 



ArUii^t»B. — On May I tf lb tbe «-■ drlingLon tftd her trial 
trip. The Aflixeionia a handsome ateamec, built by aieMr«. 
Gray it Co. for the Deddrnglon Steamabip Co. Limiled, of 
Hnll [Meesn. H, Samman t Co., manageraji. Uer principal 
dimiensions are :— Length, over all, S^.G ft. ; breadth, 47 ft. : and 
depth, 24 ft- 10 in. Bhe is boilt to Lloyd's htgheet olom, Ber 
csgineB are of tbe triple-expansion type, having ojlmden 
3-1 in., 3B in., and ^ in. in dia^ineter. with ■ piaboa abMka of 
42 id-r and have been snpplLMl by the Central Marine EB^ine 
Workn. Tlie boilere are of steel of ample size, and icork at a 
preesure of 170 lbs. per eijnara inch. The trial waBwitDee»ed 
by Mr. W. A. Sage (under whoee enperintendence the raseel 
and her jusohinery have been constructed), Captaiu ilnrrell on 
behalf of the sbipbnildera, and Mr. Jamea Lindsay on behalf 
of the e'ogine baLSderB, The trial waa in every way Hatiafactory, 
and the vedael waa able On its COnolnslon to set her <iuane for 
her not ward pasaage to MantrraJ. where she is to receive ber 
flrat cargo. 

Bersrlf. — On Uay 20tb previous to her depaitun foe 
Ardroaaati to lostd, the sciOw aleamer Bcwrtr proceeded dOv^'O 
Belfant Longh oo her trial trip. This veaaei ia similar iHi all 
reapeeta to Ihe UeUiilere recently completed by Meaara 
Workman, Clark & Co., Limited, for tbe B.ame owners, Ueaers. 
B. and C. Allan, of Otasgo-nr, and Ripeoially deaigned for the 
paisengei and trait trade from the West Indies to tbe United 
Slatea. She baa been coiistrocted to the higheal class of tUe 
British Corporation for bpth hnll and fflacbioery. The 

Srincipal dimenaioss being :—I>eDgth, 2bb ft. ; breadth, 34 ft. ; 
epth, 24 ft. 3 in., and a gross tonnage of 1,3'JO, A cellular 
doQhlo bottom ex. tends fore and aft for water ballast. Thare 
are three decks, the upper being of teak, the others being 
aparred for (rn it-carrying pnrpoeee. The bold* are sbeeied tor 
the snnie purpose. Ventilation and heating OeiD^ain esaeatial 
point in tb<e tTtide spe^^ial care baa been taicen ii^ making the 
holds complete in thia respei^l by means r,f beating pipea, Ac. 
The passenger ace sm modal ion la all abov« deck in hooaea 
citendingover the entire midship portion of the ve«ael. with 
the saloon in the cenlre, and dining acoommodaticm Cor 40 
paaeengera. Un the promenade deck above are situated the 
mnaic-room, entranoe hall, smoking-room, do,, all fumiabed 
and nphoJstered in a very handsome mapoer. Tbe macbioerj 
baa eX^ii beflti ootiatrneted at the bni Id era' works of ihe moat 
recent style of tri pie- e.t pane ion engines. After adinsting tbe 
compasaen the Teasel was ran over the meauored mile when a 
speed of 16 j knota waa obtained. In a few days the Btrcrli/ will 
proceed to Ardrosaan to load before proooeding to take np her 
etation in the "Weet Indies, where Ler yaoht-Uks appearance 
and Kraceful outline is certain to command admiration, and 
her accommodation make her popular with padaengert. 

Unity —On May 2lBt the slaamer Z'niiy. whiob hai Qnd«- 

fonc ei,teneive alleratione at the ban da of tbe Nortb-Eaatem 
fariiie Bu^ineoriog Co , Limited, at their Wallsend wcrka, 
nnder tbe pergonal tipperviMon of Mr. A. Ma^farlane. of Snider' 
land, the owaers* superintendent 1 pnl to sea to teat ber new 
machieery preparatory to Bailing to Cronstadt. with a leargn of 
coals shippod at Sunderland, The altorationa included the 
removal of the ship's boilers, which were replacedhya bi^b' 
preeaiire boiler of the lateat type, thoa eCfectiug a large saving 
in deadweight and a correa ponding increase ia carrying capa- 
city. Herepgineis wer^ at the B-ame time altered to tha hif^b 
preasiire uampotind syst<?ir and all the latest improvemente 
introdueed. Notwithstanding the heavy swell which was rnn- 
nicg the steamer behaved splendidly, and h high rate of apeed 
was obtained, tbe en^inea working amootfaty and without per- 
ceptible vibration. Mr, J.Craaby repreeented Mr. IbLactarlane 
duriiiif tbe trial and esprCBCied his eutirv aatUfaotion with 
the working of the inacbinery and the way the whale of the 
work had been carried out. Th« Unity is owned by Meoart. 
Boed, M'Nair A Co., of Glasgow, who, acting under the oooDoU 
of Ui. Uacfarlane, had tha aieamer broni^ht np to the reijuire- 
roeuia and higheal claasiHoation of Det Horake Veritaa acu] 
Llojd'a t£eg.iatry. 

Eveline ^On May Slat the b.^. Evelinr, a fine steel a^rew 
steamer built by Messrs. Wm. Gray iK Co . Limited, to the 
ordec of MsBsra. Thos Dell A Co . of Newcastle, left the pott 
tor her trial trip. She takes Lloyd's highest oIbbb, and la of 
tbe fallowing dimeueiona : — Len^tb, over all, .124 ft. ; bre&dlb. 
44 ft,; and depth, S3 ft. 3 in. Her euginee ere ut tbe triple- 
erpanaion type, eupplied by the Central Marino Engine WuTha 
of William Gray A Co., and have oylindera S8 in., 3I>^ ' 



3I>^ in., ud ^ 



June 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE ENGINEER. 



115 



82 in, diameter by 3tf in. Bttolw. and two largs atwl boilen 
sapplj ihe Bteam at a workinp preamiro of Itii.i Iba. per Bqq&re 
■ — "" A tomplete outfit [or a. lirBt-claei cargo vaasel la carried. 



iocb. 



Tb«ra were freeeat Ouptajn Danby and Mr. Crammond on 
t>*boH of the owDers, Captaki Mnrre-ll repteftenlicj; tbe bailders 
ot ihe ahip. itid Mr. T. MucSd those o( the enginoa. The trial 
WEI in every way Batiadetory. and on its o9n<;lu«ioB the voBBel 
at once pruocieded on her vayags lor ijaebbo Id Igad^ 



®orreft:pon{>«nce* 



■ unJfr lAi* ieedinf. irt do not in any aay plfdgt ovruha io (ita 
opinimt prt/trred thernn. We uill icilh pUnturt imert wy 

IittltTt liktljf It b^rjll tiur rtadert, tilher from lA.if intriHrie 
value or m htimg eattulaiei le pnmote ivtii dUtmihon ai uill 
*Heit /attt rafunbU from thtir iting |A« rtmii of praelini 
ttferifiet.—ED. M. £.] 
A TOWAGE ACCIDENT. 
To the Editor of Tbi llAfti.VK Ekoisbkr, 

Dbab 8ib,— I 898 hj the April anmbar of "M.E." mn aoooaot 
of th« oaforta^te aooidsnt on board of the Bteamer Tcmpltmort. 
ol oar tinti, whiob ia Bltdgathnr an ei:ro(L«oa« atalsinoiit given tQ 
joa. I bag left»e Ho give joa the trne reraion aa it occurred. 

Id. GODiiectioK the tiro ahipa, eo that my atoamer ihaiild atMi 
and the Trmplfmori bo tow,_ I ran oot tj tim a U-io. «teel 
wlte hawser to oonDG^it onto hi* one of the Mtoa Biie, and by the 
■id oftbece t«fo witv bBwaerf, cinne^ited lo mj- bowor oablp. wo 
^_ oanld ban irad a fioa ton Hue ; however, tbia never iraa carried 
^fe nat, beoan.Be the ehaekle eonnectibg; tlie «rirea got jammeil in 
^r the ftfter cbooks, while payio^ oot, tad whilit engaged in tniiiK 
lo clear it ite two ibipa drified apart, carrying a,w&y the cho«k. 
The capiain, boatBiraiB. carpenter, and tiro A.B.'a were jammad 
to tho lide of the steel wbeet-honM ; the chief officier, being ab&ft 
ibe wbeel-hoaae, ojilj hiwd one lei; brolcan, niiilst the otbeis bad 
both lege ahattared etad tom frigbtfotly, as the wire beinR freed 
ranMit aoroBB their Ug-a and hold them in that poeition until the 
wire patted. The captciQ ai^d one A.B. only eurrlved thtee 
bonra : the others are progreBaiag iaTOurably in the Lii^rpool 
bo«pilal. The wind at the lime w«h a frale with a high mapn- 
tainovB left. When the weather anbaided. tIz., tno daja afte'^, 
I took him in tow, uling a &-in. ateet haw.aer on eaob quarter 
and ii& fatboiDB on each of b)B boirer cabtcB, And by this raesaa 
tolled him eurely to Liferpool, tbua reTeiaing tha nBaal aider of 
thingp. " (owiBg a mtl4erleiia nhip," 

In DeoentMii- Uat I toured the oil t&nk eleani^r, Stiuon Light. 
by the •ome meaoi, otAj mith nj tnuoh aa SO fathoms on oacb of 
hlB cabtei. atid enooDDtering one of the laeTereat galea of lutt 
winter, aocompliahinp my tuak in TJ daya, 

A wire by itaclf ia prautirEilly nsemaB ; joa rouat have a apping, 
»nd none is better thun tha bower cable, u the fricUon drawing 
tbe aame ap through the nater acta oa a Wake and ipritig at tbo 
ai^ipe llni*. 

Thanking y^n in AntictpiitioD Cor the insertion ut thia 
«orreeliODr 
^^ I remain, dear Sir, 

^^ Raapeotf ally yoiir«, 

■ W. 11, MuokE, a.JJ".B., 
H aiailer. 

■ S.S. VUtcmare, 
B Baltimore, O.S.&. 

■ 3i«]r 14th, \m-. 

ifecent applicationa for Patents connected with 
Marine Engineering, Ship Construction and 
Mechanical Appliances for use in SbipB. from 
AprU 7th. to May 12th. 1397. 



7II^ 
t'lei 

W7 



L. de Itrnycker. Cli»e paint for ahtps' bottoms. 
W. J> Crus»Iej aait J. Atkinam. £i!inu3^ nklres. 
B, Uroera. lloiler- 
J. Hale. Propelling Rud steeling ihipa. 



Foroed drangfal 



"Ji^ G.M.. Stoaehoiue and G. B. Ferkiaa. 

Enrnacea. 

Ti^7 E. &., McLaohUa. PropelliDg and Bteeri&g boats, 
12",^ J. ^Dranop. JLIetaJlio puckinff. 
TS8I B. U. jnetoher. Suhinerged ttmtiDg iipparatQS. 
72?l J. W. KchertBOB FornaeeH, 
7352 T. Downia. Marine boilera. 
7374 E.M.Mallett. 6tas.ni ^neratora. 
<37fi C. Jnnge. InatsiitniiBoiia steam genoratnira, 
7393 n. C; Worrier, tfeveotmi; the sinking of shipg, 
73% W. P. Thompwn. (T. W. McKameB. 8. T. Price, and J. 

C< BameMD, Dnited Btataa.) Steam boilers 
7403 W. E BnabeU and L. E. 8. ToouJia. Foicing waate nteun 

fato boiler^. 
74S6 ; E. Sharer. Side-lighti for ehipe. 
7-183 J. J!. M TrnlTdnlt. Steam ffoneratora. 
7Sf<3 L. Leolero, P. Lajidaia, and R. Jitager. Suiia gena- 

ratora. 
TGSe C. J, Oopeland, Sonw propeller ahaTte. 
TI603 Vf Sfaeara. Badd«ra. 
76116 J.E.Taylor. Pieiona. 
7fll6 J. T. Stewart. Steam generaitorB. 
7679 J. C. HuBtie. CoTerin^^a furetaain pipe*. 
7681 J. X EeagoD. Re«lingoF aaila. 

7711 E. QarviF. Comma nidation between ahip and Bhore, 
7749 A, H. Hjuriaon. Wincfaai neod (or fiahing. 
7766 P. Brotherhood. Leather paofcinti lioge. 
7783 Bir Edward Green, Bart., and F. W. Grwen. Boilen. 
7797 8ir E, Green, Bart., and T. T7. Orean. Boilera. 
7511 J, W. Beed. Steam boilen. 
7827 N. P. DaDaldgoD. Iteonrding tpneA qZ ahipa. 
7S61 E. NelhoD. Hor-coudooling hoilar coveringe. 

7^60 A. Kriiohe. ApplianoBs (or ateericg ships. 

7973 B. DagnaLI and A. W. Bcuthey. Bceam (jeneraton. 

T9|U J. Lewthnaite. Knginea. 

78f8 W. O. Potter. Oaromora for marine eDginas. 

8020 &. W. Stokoe. Marina boiler door. 

SOBS F. Edwnrdi. ShipB^ port and dead ligbta. 

8007 T. OlarkaoD. Tabaloaa Btcam boilers. 

813i A. H. and W. Wildman, Water-tuba boilera. 

8162 A, Viort. Prop«.llMS. 

8207 P. M. B. B«rtT&m and Q. Bobinson. Slider boa.ie. 

SS12 B.. BordjtBchetraky-Apoitoloff. gabnanoe veBsela, 

SQ'IS B. M. Fletoher. L'tilising tho power of waves. 

?t239 H. Pauokaoh. ParifyiDg., •%□.. leed-trater. 

S247 J. Laidlawand J. W. Macfarlane. Centrifugal miohinei. 

4233 T. LiBbman. Steam (EQoaralom. 

&3D4 A- P. Spooner, (l'. SouiHy wA T. Tenand, France.) 
Poal*. 

8S1S C. W Fit^ltuev. EiigiDea. 

SS^IU W. Alezandrotf and A. Coumbary. Boati. 

&3G1 J.and W. Voong. Shipa' watnr-t^loaet. 

8305 £. Edwards. (C. Biohter, Attatxia.) VKlTe-gear fsr 
eoginaa. 

8114 A. H . Crockford and A, 8. Tom. Ganges, 

S4I7 T. W. SoQthiogtOB, and J. T, Mitoholl, Propellers. 

Hvn W. M. Oreftves. Water -tilbe» (or ateam boilera. 

iiVi D. Stn»rt, <ir««t«r iooreue of speed vf ahipa. 

SI33 W. fitewart. ItidiDating the apeed of ahipa. 

8454 B. Kilbara. Chuoka. 

^457 J.Huir. E.A. Morse, aod F. OPisraot). Tdra. 

S4flS A. G. Muoiford. Boilers. 

8563 C. S. Snell. Snbmatine cable 'I ay in); Bpptinnce>. 

^'677 B. K. JnmiBou, Tceatment of armour plates. 

B&80 W. H. Wilson aixt IL B. Uitohell. Bteam oaginM. 

b^9i T. C. Palmer. Steam geoeratora. 

8604 E. MkIejo, jno. Steim generKtora. 

K605 E Hakin,jUD. 8taam boilera, 

8627 W- C. J. Copemao. Cable aCopperB for ahj|n, 

87B2 O D Orsia. Geoeratora 

8769 A- M. Wylie and L. Cuheii- Pontoon bridgea. 

87J»S F Kreffit. Prwpelling voaaela. 

S8I2 T. -G. SLerena* Marin* m hael controller. 

hH-i>i C, W. Jamaa and G. L, i. Wolley, Boat propolaiOQ. 

Sy37 1. BrBdadorff. Conattuction of eatj;o 'OBaelB, 

Ult46 B. S.Smith BuoLet-Uddef dredger,^. 

yi44 C. It. Jdme». &aciiriii.g tdbea io boileif. 

0145 A. Uatiiai. Prapellera for ateamahipu. 

UloU R. Cowell nnd B. W. Maaon. Otter trawl bonrd. 

0177 J. Weir. Tnbulona boilers. 



THE MABIlfK ENGIKEEB. 



[June 1, 1897, 



BI85 
»18J 
819S 
8414 
MM 
9U9 
8831 
9895 
6881 

es«9 
esTB 

'flsss 

9404 
8489 

9SSS 

ovn 

9585 
9679 
9709 
97tS 
B721 
9741 
9612 
9817 
9891 
99SS 
9983 
10060 
10O70 

10081 

inoas 
loyso 
moeo 

10097 

10S02 
10«)4 
10210 

loiia 
10236 

10323 
\03m 
10391 
10392 
10407 
10467 
104»V 
10504 

106S4 
10668 
10689 
1U706 
10708 
10733 
10741 
10761 
10380 
108J3 



Vklrat. 



W.O.A. Low«. 8Mftin boiler TtirnaoM. 
E.J. Preiton. Ships' Hteennt; tolntrraphs. 
J. RopkinKiD a.nd J, Hopkinian A Co., Uiiut«d. 
ItDicUitfe, Door Amines tot ihipa. 
J. Q. Ljao. Boi1«n. 

B. LfttWa Bod G. il. Gajoi. SUksi condaiiMr. 
W. ftOil A. B. Cr^wronJ- VfnUirtigH doott, 
D.uid J. BorasU. &t«Am gsnsrAtorR. 

Q. Nawatgn. Canatrar^tioo of boilpra, 

C. Jantta (W, B Pier^a, Uaited atat«i.} Ksmdving 
MJftl* from boilers. 

F.A. Knapp and G, Gooilwiii. Marine tcsmIb. 

B.E:. Wigzelli Waber-tube ntenin bjilcia. 

G. T. EpMtiia. Sbipe' boaU, 

R. H. Fiold. PropellinK boats. 

3, J. P«rri>», A. J. NeMtoD, mai It. KiCig. Piaton 

twada. 
H. Goodwin. Gaa^. 
H. 8bea(. Clip for lioldiDf boat wU. 
J. Dnrnford. Tcrpetta nets. 
J. C. Leaver 8[««riog at Taiaela. 
Ai C. MoSatt. Feed-wftCer heatera. 
C. Doirgen. Bailerr tube faiiteiiioga. 

E. PilkiogtoD.. ^enmlt^aa niatjillic inbee. 

K. PArkiOr ValvQ ^ear I'or nteam ongiiiai. ' 

W. J. Gt««iklADd. PiHton ptL«kii]|;;. 

A. E. L. Grinl. Interoiil combiietion engia&a.. 

W. J. Rjberte and J. K. Janes. UtiliaioR tid.ftl power. 

J. 0. Dodd. IndioBting' the ooiirae of a abip. 

J. O. 0'Bri«D [La Conpagnie Gt-oiirftla daa ^Dtomobilagi, 

Tmnce.) Boilera, 
It. B. S)-moa utd S. A. IToob?, jaa. 
T. L. LiTiDgatoii and S. Baadenoa, 
J. H. gtotie. Qarncaaa lantemi*, 
W. aawan. OalUpfiiblA lifeboati. 
0. B. H«nriod. iDtsrn&l oomhoMtiQa engioaa. 
C. Hamrrey. CondecBera. 
H. F. Phillips. Naii^able Tsaseli. 

A. G. Melhuiati. Internal conbaabioD »ngitiea. 
J. Morton. Tilo (or coTering aDeam twUera, 

B. A. Dobaon and J. E. Pic^np. BeguIaLiag the fesd of 

F. W. E, King. It^rictng friotiiOD on alida valr^. 

P. Cabec and F. and E. Slto*m>n.i;)t. 'Bp.r«w propeHera. 

11. Vineent. Botai^ onginea. 

T. Harria. Boiler eovera. 

C and F, Ketzer. '^tcem generators. 

J. T. Aaatin. Regulating angineB of abips. 

A. 0, MoU. BMaoi geiiarBtors. 
W. P. Thotupacii. (P. Janko, GermaDy.) 

raorrding daiiuo for ahipa. 
W, anJ W. A, Olarli. Pwd-water Laateti. 

J. C.HobitiSOn. Saft[>eiiding gr^t for boati, 

C. H. Weeka. Steam boil«H. 
H. R. O. Fri»daTioi. BoUer futnaUN. 
K). A. RMvea. CnmpBBS&s. 

B. and B. Hay. .Saa-utundiup applianoea. 
T. PreaooU. (R. Holdcroft, Raaaia.) Steam ¥aJTeB. 
J. Whitehead. CbocltA or hoQaing-B for shipa' baata. 
W, Elliott and W. Garrood. Btoota boilara. 
J. Sop^t. Stvm tabsa for ateani veM«la. 



Steam eDgines. 
Sob-goitag voBselg. 



Speed- 



BOARD OF TR ADE KX AMINATIQNS. 

ExTiu Fivsn CLiSb. 

April 34th. IW7,— Miller. T, M Ex. ICDnodee 

,, 24th ,, — I'aUrBOB, F. Ex, 10 S'nd'land 

„ aUh .. — Spencer.O.L..,.,,. Ej. ICCardiff 
„ 8Jth „ —Tarrant, A. .... Ei. IC London 

May iHt „ -Miller, J. E«. IC Qlaai^'ow 

NoTx.— IC danotea Firat CEasa; IC, BacendClaBt. 

April a4th, lliPT iJoolh, J. D. . . 2C Doadae 

Allib«n, F. 9... ac Glasgow IJraaii, J. II. .. IC Londoa 

Arrowamith, C, 3C LiTrirpool rii9eb.iHrne. F. 10 N.SbiSdB 
JJird. S. A. IC VttdiB I Cholciaft. L. P. aC Catdifi 



Com*, J. .... ICW.Hpflol 
Oowam. E. W. 10 Losdoa 
Corl«>. T. .... SCAbefdeen 
CDdibart,C. G. IC Dundee 
Dewer, H, C... 2C London 
Diiiic»n, J. F... SC Aberdeen 
Edward*, John IC Liverpool 
Fowjlb, Jamea IC ,, 

Fyfe. R. B IC Dundee 

GalbraiLh, A. .. 2C Glaagaw 
Gardner, MoK. 10 
Oibiun. BiB. ,. £C ., 
Gordon, C> .... IC Aberdeen 
Gnbam. W. C. SC Pandee 
Oreig, Andrew 10 Liverpool 

nill, A. ]C AberdoeD 

Hinde, A, E 2C London 

Holman.J. N... 2C W.U'pool 

Hughes. B 2C Cardiff 

Hunter, C. A. . . 3C W.H'pool 
lAkeiafta, W. P. IC Plymoath 
Lambeit, W. .. IC NShielda 
Lamont, D, , , , . aC Qlaai^ow 

Iitlliea, W 2!;w.E'|iool 

Lov«, J. 2C Glaagow 

LoveiidKe, b\ C. IC W H'pool 
MaoVicar, J. L.IC London 
Martin. W. . . . 2C GlaagBW 
KlaBBon, A, C. .. IC ,. 
Mathya, F. .... 90 I-fiSdon 
MBVBOr, H-R... IC W.S'pOfll 
McCaiIam,A... 2nC»rdilf 
McFiidyeB. J. . . IC GlHBgow 
Molntyro. W. A. BO l>utidee 

Meroor, W 20 TV. H'pool 

Meredilh, G. .. 10 

Milna, A IC Aberdeen 

Montgomen^, H. 20 Glasgow 
Mowbiay. F. W. 2C W.H'pool 
Nswinftn. G. ..10 
Pnirman, 6. .. IC Glaagow 

Perty. G. E SG 

Pond, J. R aC Cardiff 

Basen. W. H... 2C ,, 
Itobortson, A. L. IC lituidee 

ItoM, W. D 2C Giasgow 

Bonlter, W. M. 2C London 
Bowlaad, H. .. 2C S.Shialda 

Soawn, A SC Plymouth 

Bhepherd. J. .. ■•C N.SbieJtla 
Btnith, J. <?. .. 30 Cardiff 
Suitirthwaite, F. BO W.H'pool 

Slocka, J IC CarditE 

Butlon, Fred. G. 10 Ltvorpool 
Button, L, .... 20 London 
Tltomaa. W.,.. IG Cardiff 

Thornton. J. II. aC W Hpool 

Warcea.W. G ., 2C London 

White, A ZC Glaagow 

Whita,J.G iCN.ShiddB 

Whitlet. A IC Dundee 

Wilfion, W 20 W.H'pool 

May let, IWt)7. 

Andfliaon, J. . . 10 London 
Boarpark. F. .. IC S'ud'land 
Campbell. McR. IC Glaagow 
Ci>ckayfi(i, Fi ed. 2C Liverpool 
Glover, Sfttn, ., IC „ 
Hanaoa, Ilenr^ SO „ 



Haj-waid, ■W™. 2C twe 
Jameson. T.. . . . £C S'nd'l 
McDongaU, W. 2C Glaapo* 
SI.jDowall, J. It. IC London 
Payntec, J. E. . . 10 8'nd'land 
Jiitchie, 0. If... SC I.ondoo 

Bog«i. H ac ,. 

Stnitb.R.J,.... lOS'nd'lAad 
goramerviile. A. 2C London 
Wob8l«r. J. G . . IC 
Woodward. A... 10 S'nd'landi 

May 8th, 1«)T. 

Beacock. G. D. ZC Holl , 
Bevan. W.T. .. lOCarfffl 
Fowler, George IC Liverp 

Fraaer, D IC Lwth 

Goiif«y, T. .. , . IC Londoa 
Hoghefl,C.B. .. IC 

Irvine,G 2C Leith 

Kelly. R IC London 

Hirkwood, T. . . 2C Leith 
ManJey, T. C. .. aC Cardiff 
Mc(/DMa, D. ., IC Ldlb 

Moloney.D 3C Cardiil 

MoreUnd. J. A. SC London 

Morgan, O IC Cardiff 

Moea. Chaa. R. SCIiverpoor] 

Presa,T. C 10 London 

Prinnigor, E. I. 20 i, 
H(WBeir,D. W... IC Cardiff ■ 

S«>tt,J. W aOLeilb 

S««d, r. J, , ... 20 Londos 
SiioUon, ThoB. lON.Shtelda 
Skinner, W . . 3C Leiih 
Blokea. ZC Hnli 

May IStb, ieS7, 

Arclubald, H.E. 3C Greenook 

Ayre. E.A lONShiolda 

Barrett. A. J ICLiondon 
Bgyee, W.J. .. 2C 

Cairns. J 20 K.Shi«lda 

Cockayue. Wm. «C Li?erpiK>I 
Grabble, B. T. 2C 
Davidaon, A. .. ICGrMnook 
Detlin,J. 8, .. IC ,. 
Fernandez. Joa. IC Livaraool 
Hebden, Fred. 10 
■loneti, llnah .. 2C ,. 
Jordan, A, E. . . SO London 
Kcily, Frank .. IC Liverpool 
MeCormaok, H. 20 Dnblla 

McGill.J ICK.ShieWf 

Uinehau', R. B. IC Liverpool 
MorriaoT), S. K. IC Dublin 
Newrick, J, M. 10 N.Shields 
Payne, J.ealie F. IC Liverpool 
Proudfoot, F. . . 2C Graenock 
Httwjtliome, T. 20 Li\-erp<>ol 
Redtord,A. E.. . 2C N.Shiolde 

Rtiid. P IC Dublin 

HoB.HarryW... 2C Liverpool 
Samuel. W. B. If Dublin 

Storey.T 2C F.ghieldB 

ThompaoD, E.A. 20 London 
Walton. Joeepb 20 Liverpool 
Wilkie, Jas. B. £0 „ 
Tonug, P IDN.BjWldB 



On May BSlb, the lirlD'on, torpedo-bdat d«lroyer, bnilt by 
Meaara. L&it-d Brotheia, Hirltetiliead, wont gut for )i«r offlqial fnll- 
power ooiLJ oonaumption trial, with very aaliara^tary reaatu, 
her epeed on the mile baiog aO"03 knots, and foe the three honra 
aO-02 knota. 

Ratal and the Cape. — The Natal GoveriimeDt is n^oliatiru 
loi a d4rt,-ot line of ateamera Irom the Caps to Durban. 



July 1, 1897.] 



THE MAEINE ENGINEER. 



117 



k 



?tljc plarlne OBixgineer. 



LOHLOa, JULY 1, 2S97. 



THE Institute of Marine Eagineers is fioarJEiblDg 
beyood all anticipHtiODS. It baa just signaliaed 
its seventh anniveraftry m tlie usual way amongst 
Eagliahmea, by a banqueb, &t which the PreBideat of 
the Institute (J, Forteseae FJanuery, En],, M.P.) 
oecupiod the chair, and ■was supported by a Iftrge and 
exceptionally diBtinguished company, nbicb included 
reptesentativcB of no lesB thftn six foieign oavieB. 
Thflprincipa-l ^ueata oC tha evening w.ere the tight 
Hon. C. T. Ritchie, President oE the Board ot Trade, 
licdtheHon. R. J. Seddon, Premier of New Zealand ; 
as representing the Admiralty and the R^yat Navy, 
there were present Mr. C. EUibdu Uacartney, MiP., 
SicWm.H.White.andMr. A.J. Dur9ton,K,C.B., R.X., 
with many supporters from amount the :fleet — and 
chief engmeers of the R.N. and B.N.R. ; and the 
Board of Trade and cog:nate institutes were repre- 
sented by their presidenta and oflBciala. After the 
usual loyal toasts the President, in giving the Navy, 
Army, and Reeerved Forces, remarked upon the gfreat 
aitentioQ and money that was being expanded at 
present and for some years back, npoQ providing an 
adequate navy for the defence of the widflspread and 
inaperial interestft of this country, and particularly 
complimented the self-sacrificing memb^^rs of the 
InHtitute, nho gave up their leisure for the purpoae 
of training themselves in the bearing of arms for the 
service of thair country in the Naval Reserve— a 
gratuitous training with very inadequate recognition 
■ by the State. He believed that the opportunities of 
" training already offered, especially to the engineers of 
ihe Naval Reser\~e, would soon be extended to the 
privilege ot going to sea in Her Majesty's ships to 
make themselves thoroughly acquainted with the 
datieft that would devolve upon them in time of battle. 
Mr. G. W. Macartney, in response, was able to state 
thai tha present propoBals for greater opporlunitiea 
for practical experience for the members of the 
Engineer Naval Reserve were merely tentative to see 
how far the engineeiB would avail themselves of such 

»or further opportuuttiea, and that the matter was 
receiving the greatest attention (roiti the Government. 
Ur. Uauuel also, in reply, aseitmed that sea-going 
oxperience in the Navy was shortly about to be 
Afforded to the engineers of the R.N., and felt sure 
that tbey would maintain their credit under sach 
circ til I) stances, nod Bud agree&bU uad instructive 
EMOciation with the otli^era and men of the Navy, 
Sir William White, in proposiag the Hoqms oI 
ParlLameot, lauded the constitutional principle of 



Parliamentary government, and pointed out the large 
and increasing proportion of shipownere, shipbuilders 
and ship engineers, who now formed so active a per. 
tion of the legislative body. Mr. Ritchie, in response 
stated that he always looked back with pleasure to 
the time when he was Secretary to the. Admiralty, and 
considered that it was a point of congratulation to 
that department that they secured the serricea for 
the country ot Sir Wm. White. He further coograttt- 
lated the Institute and the body of marine engineers 
as to the rapid progress they were making in status, 
and in scientihc ability to keep pace with the 
increasing compLesity of modem marine engineering. 
Every year the services rendered by this branch of the 
profession will be more appreciated. In conclusion, 
as repreBenting the legialstare of this country, he 
welcomed the Premier of New Zealand and thought 
that Imperial patriotism was growing by leaps and 
bounds, and would shortly bind the colonies and the 
mother country in much closer bonds to their mutual 
advantage. Mr. E. Robertson, in proposing " Ships, 
Colonies and Commerce," coupled with it the names 
of BirEdwyii Dawes (past PreBideot), the Premier ol 
New Zealand, and Mr. Alderman Samuel. Sir Edwyn 
Dawes recalled his early experiences of his voyage to 
China in the firet steamer that ever went to the Bast, 
a little swew steamer of only 650 tons, that belonged 
to tha P. A O. Co., which was considered a wonderful 
achievement in its time, hut at bho present time pro. 
bably 10,000 tcua of shippicg leave Europe forObina 
every day, and 20,000 per day for India. Mr. Seddon,, 
whowas received with acclamation, pointed out thattlie 
present trade of the British Colonies were as great as 
the trade of Great Britain and India at the coui^ 
mencement of the Queen's reign and that might 
give some graphic idea of the importance of our 
colonial trade. Be strongly protested againt any idea 
growing in this country that any progresaive legisla- 
tion in the Colonies in any way signified a desire for 
separation from the mother country. Far otherwise, 
come what might, the Colonies would always be at the 
side of the mother country. He pointed out that the 
mother country being a little old-fashioned and con> 
aervative might follow with advantage some of the 
progressive legislation of the Colonies, s-s (or instance, 
their Shipping and Saauien's Act, in which they had 
legally defined the status of the maiicB engineer as an 
officer with his full privileges. In concluaion, he was 
the bearer of a special mesEoge of gaoi wiJI to the 
Institute from tha marine engineers of New Zealand, 
and a presentation to the Pf eaideut of the associate 
badge of the marini! engineers of New Zealand, which 
was accordingly presented to the President, Sir K. 
J. Raed, in proposing the Institute and their ofhcsrs, 
considered the progress of the Institute most temark- 



Mm, Mul th«c Ui«7 ml4bt now iwiii i dMl it imi 
iMclMd ft pcwtUon tfaftt MaU hardly W mbimmA 

ivtMn tt eotilii «<«rnbte ■< lit bottrd focfa Btm ■• b« 

:fer BDAay jr«»n Imcs fail teyfc«o4 

car.j{malac«3 Ut« lottitnlc open h&wisf both % 

Bfr. JtaM AduiMOD (Hon. Sm.,. m : 
twOy M«6n»«d the euBpcioaftHjr 

a< iba lattturt*, ud a< its p i iwliwJ al ana 

tfaaebat. Hs ptrtieolafly ■ntfaowd tJM 
fTMCKS of tiwir bnthreo of the Roj«I K»tj. and 
ihsaffat iImI by talardMi^p o( coatteaie* md ex- 
fttmtktm of oMdnssfy «od ttitfwJ*. aoeb otst^ 
tdtwuf|» Hilf^ b« obuioed. The nnian wen noc 
isTfOttca I7 tfr. A. J. iJuntOQ, and faridfy lOiyouJad 
to It tU I'raident of Uia ImCttotioa of MadmiiBol 
Matfmttn, m tfaa pKOgAcune of loaota aad bbbhc had 
frond ovttt loo kofilfaj tor Ibe tiin« availahle. 



tt« 



Im ^odal JoUko Coateaneo of tha IttatttotioD of 
^Chrtf Rmfa ee ra baa ■ifnaliwJ ana fact, mioelr, that 
Iha Jiwitanw of .aanl oenatnwtMii aad mariae 
l>g)liiifiliift i* nem aoefa Chat a qwoal deputnma ca 
■Mtfaa waa g}*«n u» tbaas nhjaeta. An inlunaliug 
ft%rT lyMr. Ardiibald Dcnojr we ahaO give in 
vflt a«u b««B, oflT araao ia too limited to gin 
tha «b«U of tha papaia of iatonfl to oar nadets is 
a fanlcaJar aacttoa. Tha Ueo. C^nooagaTa farther 
panicalara of hia mool HMoaaafal torpedo boat the 
7h,1:h'». mhUk pro ia iiaate wake an epoch in marine 
p w p aliiaa «l li%h fpcad*. We hare before uxieod 
Ma hula MOMtl aod bar ooginea, and now 
have an oppovtaflity of pnacntlBg our rcadera with 
laS datadi and dJagrama cf the Turfiim'a and her 
MgtaM- Mr. A' K. Baatoo ai well ktiovrD ss an 
aalhwHy wa «alM-<tiba boilera, aad his pspcr on this 
mAiml waa bitanad tft and debated npon with giea: 
Maraet, aa adapted to the Uarcantlla MaciDe. As 
Ut. HaMM poiuta ouk. Iba preeent interest in the 
boMor l apwaaw t i a laaarraottoii and a reviva], and the 
IWfa la c iaei aMai a ad la iba Nary nattiF&lly raises 
Mm ^aaallnn aa to t(i |>fompt adaptatloa to the Met- 
«Mtk MartM. Tha Amaricaoa tor tome yea» have 
haon pajlog nwr* aUa«Ucn Uuw oonchee to the 
pMnatlaMMea of llil» akae of boiler, but there is still 
laiieb 4ruurA to loraatlgau. The Bhippiag of the 
MsrcanllU MtfUtk i'<%j b» divided into— (1) passen- 
|»( t U mmm pun 4mI ■Impla, (2) cargo eteBmers 
MrryWll paaaanffara, «iid \d/ eajno BteauerB pure and 
atiitpt*. Thu iMNMflKar eteamar mutt neceaearity be 

* '■•''' ' ' 'I»adtfal|[ht ahould bo reduced to a 

Wi< I > . of ataaioer would seem to be tbat 

%i.i'i. Dm ifiealeit advantage could be ^med by 
' ■ Lftr^o nuutbcra ol passpoger 



roa CO ifeort Mniea of a iew hoon at a time. 
Ce^ ia aoaalaBiiy hetog taisad, and here 
a^lta ciie gnaiaat -^ — ■"gr faas quick steainiofE 
r-fafcehoflanaHBaldbeiaiBid. In tha cargo boat 
or m afe* aoiiad o^jo aad paaaeoetT sto&mer, 
aJttaieya of the watar-tcbe boiler are not ao 
Sheie aaa not toekhie ligni that the final 
of the v^es-tofaa boiler fai the Mercaatile 
ICazxM mO be p m»dc3 bjr the aae of a eombinatioa 
of li wiav-tohe and tank boiler, whieh may be pre- 
IB tbc VecB^dfla Itanne, aa they would not 
dry OD aooD flMD a temporary- cessaUoQ of 
bed. rpiMlhiniMliiiii iif iij iliiiiiiliililj iT rliilTlct 
a tu^ be CHHifai that there ia an onmistakabte 
deoiea far U^i^ ateaB paeaauea, eren amongst 
"tiaapa.~ Evao now S50 Ua. per aqoate inch is 
t y r X^ i of IB iltitiraihhi Thia |iii—iiiii would tear- 

foQy i laan tfe tfeBckaaaa of pJalfW a&d rivets in 

S<£*A hoilen. aad floea vmtd always be liable to 
eolkpse. Water-tidie boilezs with tabes of no gieator 
riii. fcw ilaa ^ IB. would be amply smtable for such 
high piueiuiia The tenor of the discussion wu 
gesenify that Iba watoc-tnbe boil«n had at least to 
han BOW a trial in the Iteeantile Uarine. 



1 



I 



NiCKsi. Bte«l and aJuminiom eeem to be the eotaiag 
tnatcaiahi tor Kghtac aeanUingt, aa regards the specific 
weigjbt of inat'Hfr', for iapronmoitB in ebipbuildiog 
dcDgo. At hsaat. I^ofassac Bilea presented theee 
matoiala in a OMSst hTOOiaUe fight to the engineer- 
ing eoofereooe. Nickel steel b«B been adopted by the 
Admiralty for torpedo-boat destroyers. This baa a 
teaaileBtreagUsof 37u)40lons. The adoption of some 
gotJity of nicfcet steel for Urgex nssels is likely to 
fottow. It is, however, at preeect, three tiinee the 
price ol mitd steel, which moat be eomewbat of a bat < 
to its general ase. It has great qaalities in resistance ■ 
to corrosion, npon whieh point Mr. Beardmore ia an ^ 
aathority, who jri^es a gain of 21 pet cent, in fsToarof 
nickel ateet, whilst Mr. Riley states the corroaion of 
nickel steel with 3 to 5 per cent, ot nickel to be only 
half that of i-arboo Bieel Tius property would prob- 
ably lead to safe reductions in sc&otling. To obtain 
reduction of specific weight it would seeiQ to be 
necessary to employ aluminium, It aeeiiis doubtful 
whether any alloy of this metal has yet been com- 
mercially introduced which will resist the action of 
sea water, but we have heard from private sourcefl 
that this can be douo, and will prol-ably shortly be 
introduced. At the aame time there are many parta 
of the hull which are not much exposed to corro- 
sion from sea-water, aod in these partB tkluminium 
alloy can readily be employed. "With double the see- 
tioQS of steel it would be more rigid, and ona-third 
lighter. Prof. Biles gives figures to show that if tha 



I 



July 1, 1897.] 



THE MARINE ESGINEEE. 



119 



poBsible redaction of deadweight by the aubstttution 
of a better or Itgbtor niEkteri&l be employed in increaae 
of boiler and engine power, the mcreHsed coat of the 
&ew material would probably cot be aa much as the 
naeeBsary iacreaee ol coat in b. vesael to deT«lop tiie 
bijiber r&te of speed ^ith the same passenger accom- 
tnoda.tioa. Mr. West followed with a pB^per showing 
tbe great changes caused by the choice of materials 
uid wcrlcma-DBhip on merchaat ehipping, and con- 
sidered that as great a stride ae occurred between 
iteel and iron may still be effected by a change from 
cftrboD Bteel to another form of steel. 



LARGE DODBLE-HEADED MfLLING MACHINE. 



OUR American conBins have taught uB much in the 
roatteT of machine tools, and we think it will be 
generally conceded that the introduction and 



modern mill-m&chjne practice, for taking broKct euto 
at a faet feed. 

Both milling heads are driven from a horizontal 
shaft, which carries a four-step cone pulley. The 
heads are connected with this shaft by clutchea so that 
they can be driven independently or both at the gania 
time. By this arrangement, when taking heavy cuts, 
the cutter arbor can be driven IrOm both ends. 

The spindles are driven through bevel and spur gear 
wheels in proportion of 20 to 1. They are hollow 
their entire lenj;th, and ore oj in. diameter. They 
have e:5tra long cylindrical bearing, and are bardene* 
and pround, running in bronze buahes with adjustment 
provided lor taking up the wear. 

For adjusting the heads to an exact height tho 
upriigbta on each aide are provided with scales 
graduated to I 10 mm. Both heads are counter- 
balanced, and can be Qrmly olamped to the heavy 
uprights by means of bolts engaging in T slots. They 
eau be moved independently or together in a vertical 
direction. In the former case they are moved through 
the large hand wheel aeen near tbe centre of the bead. 




L*Hoi; DorTii.i.HEJLDCD Miixim> M^luinl. 



reloponent of the milling machine ia largely if not 
entirely due to our amfrrrri on the other aide of the 

Atlantic. 

However, we have evidence of this class of machinery 
being pushed by other countries, and we illuatrate in 
the adjOLQing dia^am a large double-headed milling 
machine, which has been designed and ia being 
manuf&ctored by Messrs. Ladw. Loewe & Co., of 
JJerlin. 

Tbia machine is designed to meet the demands of 



just over the apindle. In the latter case they an 
moved by band wheels, one at each end of the large 
cross bed, the shafts of which are connected by 
gearing and which work the vertical adjusting screw 
through Spiral gears. 

The uprights are adjusted by horizontal screws 
wbieh are worked by levers shown at the end of the 
cross bed. They are damped by bolts engaging in T 
slote in the bed. 

The working table ia especially heavy and jfrovideJ 



120 



TIIE KAMNE EKGIKEEE. 



[July 1, 1897. 



wHb Gve Tfilots for clamping the work, and receptacles 
for oil &nA chips at etttier end. It ia fed by a wniii] 
which works directly into the underside of a rack 
running the entire leagtb of th« bed. For taking up 
the back lash this worm ia made in two parts, one of 
which is adjustable. The end thraat of the table is 
taken on ball bearinf^a. The feed ie auton^atic in 
either direction and hae an autom&tic stop iiiotlcD. 
It can be led by hand throngh the targe hand wheel 
shown &t the aide. The feed and the reyerae motion 
is operated through the leverB shown near the band 
wheel. The machine takes a roughing cut, with a. 
feed of 6 in. per minute. 

The table can be fsd by 48 diflerent feeds. 

The London representative of Mesare. Ludw. Loewe 
A Co, is Mr. H. F. L. Orcutt, of 145, Caanon Street, 
London, E.G. 



mSTITUTE OF MARINE ENGINEERS. 

TBE Bsventb annual dioiiBr of the Inatitate of Marine 
EnginBerA naa held on WsdneEdsy fl««niiig', Jnne 2nd, in 
the King's Hal! at Lbe HalbiQE'ii Itentanrant, wlt>eii the Fresitlent 
of the lD6tilole (Mr^ J, Forteacne Flannory, M.P.) occupied the 
ob(Ur, And he v?B8 tii}pport«<I bj a large »ad dietiDg-ulehcd coiii- 
p>D)'i wb>(*b iiiclii<)e<l repreBentntiTf ■ of DO' f&wertbaD ail forei)(ii 
DBvie* . The prinilipal gneat ipf the eTCmog was the Bighb Hoii. 

C. T. Rjtoliie. Frpaident of tlie Board «f Tiadt, nut to wbom 
ML the Boo. B.. J. Seddon. the Prime Uiciater of Neir Zaalabd. 
The company also included Mr. C. Eiliaon HacarCnsj, U.P. 
(ParliameaUr^ Secret&ry to the Admirsltj). Mr, Jeate Collingp. 
M.r, (I'QderSecretarT of Stata for the Home Departmeui), 
Sir Thoinae SatherlMid, E.C.M.G., M.F , Sir Wtn. H. White. 
K.C.B., F.KS. {AuutnntCiraiptrollar Ruyal 'Smwjf, Sir Gdnja 
B. U&npB. E.Clf .G. i (Imcneiliat* Paet PretideDt. lut. M.E.) .. Str 
E. J ll«d, K.C.B., F.R8., Lieut. ColweJl, U.S.K (y.™! 
AHaah^ ABnerioan Embaftij}.Mr. Edmofid BobeKMii.Q.O-, iI,P, 
Sir Edwi.rd H. Oarbnet, Ban. Mr A, J. Durtton, KC.B. 
K.N, (Gu){iuBBr-ia-Gbi«f Kayal Nstj). CommaDder L. Ton 
Si^CriDyaTuhf (NbtaI Attaob^ Imperitl Aaatni-Haiigftrian 
Embaasv). Mr. Alderman Marcua Stnuel. J, P., Capt. J. 
Ongaro-Titoh {NdTal ALtnchO Imperial KuBaian. BmbMsy), Rear- 
AdmtraJ E. itbbard (.Vnva) Attacbi' FrFDcli Embag^). Capt. A. J. 
G. Oli.aliiieT«(Nsutic»IA.driMrtotheBiwrdv[Tc&<ie].Mr.Be«jaDii[i 
II wt«tl, Mr. J. T. MilioD, Sir Beajfunin SIodb, U P., Mr. W, T, 
Datfotd. M-P.. Mr W R. BouaQeld. QC, M.P., Mr. Um, 
r^teriee. Mr. W. Lund, Mf. Stuart Hall, Mr. DQDOan Maokiniioti 
(Chairman Briiish India 8.S. CoenpaQj-), Mr. Wallor J. How*ll 
(.\sBi«taot -Sucre tary Board «f '(■Bde), Mr. Tbca. RioharctBOD, M F., 
Mr. E. Wiudaor Rioharde (Fresideai [DBtitiLte Machuiiaall Ha- 
gineara), Mr. Thoa. 8. Goalees (Paai Prsaide'nt Inatitate of 
Arerage AdJQfttfirel, Capt. Tomiaka, Capt. Vendo' and Cspt. 
Mijabaia (Imperial Japanese Navj], Mr. Peter SamBou 
(Engiaeer-JD-Chicf. ConenHstiTB Dept. Bq»rd «( Trade), Mr. 
Johb Corrf, J.P , Mr. J. tl. Coraiab, Mr. Alderamn A. Oavi«r 
{UtyorafWeitHam), Mr, Jaho Botaatoo, Profcafw A.C. Eiliott, 
D.ac. (PreaidarH. Bngtel Channel Centre), Mr. Cbaa. S. Da 
fiaiitoy (Preajdeut iSouthamptdu Cec're) , Mr. J. McFarlaue Gray, 
Mr, W, C. Hobertu, B N.B., Mr. A-p]an Baldam (Paat Preaident), 
Mr J H. Tbotnaon (Chajftnaa of Coancil). Mr. Geo. W. Mannel, 
B.N.B, (Past PreBideot). Mr. W. G. Keal, Sir A S, Haalam, 
Hr. A. W. Bobertaon, Cap'. ConodDD. Capt. lona, Fleet- Eogioeer 
0. North, B.S., FlBct-Eoainwr J. yiclo'soo, R-X,, Chief 
Engineer Henry T«ed, R.K,,Mr. J. T. Bmifb, Mr. J. B. Jobneton, 
Mr A. G. Criahton. Mr J. Bifjaiar*, Mr. F, W. Shorej', Mr. 
William I. Taylor, Mr S. C, 8.;ige, Mr T. F. Ankland, Mr f . 
Cooper, Mr. Jauiea Adamaon (Hod. Sec.), ftnd many otheri. 

After diutier the customary loyal toaBta nera given from the 
chairi, and hononiei irilh enthuaiaam. 

The Premdent then proposed " The Kary, Armj, aad Baierve 
Forcet," and said that in thiatout waecuDceatrated thepatciot- 
iiam of (be Eogliah people. At d« time Id the hiitory of the 
Mulitr^ bad there beeo indVe iLtteDti..-n atlt-aolnd to tbe affairs Of 

onrnBTy- except, perhaps, nt the time or Trafalgar^ th&n at 
the preaent monient. Thirty fears ago the aeientiSc era Id naval 



coDslruevion wv« iDS.Q(cu[Bt«d liy one who ira* th« hitiwntvd 
guest of Ihe inetitutii^n ili&t orcDiitg, hifl late niajter and now hie 
valued fnend. Sir £dn^d Reed, Bud the priariple* enancieted 
them had contintied, iocreaaiDg Ike power and perfection of form 
of praoticsl conatioetion ever ginca. In IBhn the Narat Dereoc* 
Act addaj to the fleet 70 gbipe, every cne of tbem deaigned by a 
past preaident of tbii insCitutioii , Sir William Whit«, and every 
ooe of them ahaped and propoTtioned to hold her appoioted 
place in a cnrcf oily -devised eobene in the aider of bettlfr, of 
naval tBoticHAud Btrst<gical plan lor tte defrc're of the whole 
Empire. We had bf«ii addipg lo that Qeet ever t.iiioei end in 
the current fieanciAl year ^e bad ncder cocHtrootioo no lees 
than 107 reseeU. with a total ^iiiplac^Taebt of ahont 3B0,DO0 
taap. Our Navy Ebtimatei; for all pntpoaea were nearl,v twenty- 
two million.! of money for Ibe catrrat flDanaial ^ear. Ose 
pletLsicg' feature, which waa not elwaya noticed in connection 
with tbia toaaC, wat the international conrteeiea O'f friende&ip. 
which bisd toarether ebipping men and meo -of science from all 
the oitiooB of the wcrLd. That evening, at tfaeir bumble board, 
the Ipi>titut« of Marine Eoc-inecra was bongored wilb the 
pnaeiiee nf no fewer Iben eii repreaentativee of foreign naviee- 
Iti eo-bnefitian with Ihie toast tbe-y nlea thungbt of the Beeereea, 
and he cnnld not Hail worda to exrreat hia huinlyle appreoiation 
of the men who sacrificed tbeif leianre far the purpose of train- 
ing tbemselvea in the Ijearing of arnue for the service of tbeiT 
coanity — a gratuitous training, with a very inBdrquat« recogni. 
tion by the State. Tbii remark applied not ouly to Volnntaen 
•ja laud, but aleo to the cfiicern and men of the Hoy al Kara! 
Ueeerve. Somebbirg' bail been dooe to remuve tbe diaabilitiee 
under which the Etcyal Xeval Ites^rre lAbunred,. eHpeoialty tte 
^Eij^iDeeriog (>&icec« gf the Uayal NbtbI Reeervp. Bis fpieod Mt. 
UACartcey bod beea the biOuthpieee of the Admiralty iti an- 
Doanctpg' certain rafonaa in PariiameDl. and one reform which 
the Admiralty bad recently initiated waa that engineer officer* 
in the Itoyat Naval Beaerve — mercantile engineers — ehonldl have 
tba opp^rtnnity in fntara of training themsel'ves for warabip 
praotico by attendance at the dockysiida. A atep farther for- 
ward KBB nec«aaBry, and that he believed would come, namely, 
tbat eDgioeer reserve tfficeiti ebonld have the privilege already 
poBsadsed by otber Teserve oSicen of going to Se*> ta her 
MBJ«etf's ship* u.nd making themaali-ee folly bcqnuaied with 
the dutiea that would devolve upon then in tine of battle. 
He could assure hia friend Mr. Macartney that there were 
men ronnected with this inatitation wh.o would help in the 
good worli that he had started. Mr. Daraton, Engineer.in- 
Chief of the Navv. and a peet presideot of tbia inatitDtion. 
woold help; Mr. ^aooel, tbe Engioerr-iu-CLief or the P. A O. 
Co., would heLp; this iDStitntion aod all ita mem.bere woald 
help, acid wbep hie friend be»ide him re^bed that stste of happy 
domettLC felicit; to nhioh they eaw from Ihe pa^re he waa 
baatening, laoiie would wish him happlneea more (yjrdiatly than 
hiafrienda of tbe Inititole of Marine Engineers. The preai. 
dent coupled with tbe toast the Dames of Mr. Elliaoti 
Maosrtney, M.F., the Secretary of the Admiralty, for the Navy 
and Army, endl Mr. 0. W. Manoet for the Boyal tisval Beaerre. 
Mr. O. W". Macajrtney, M.P , in reapoDse, said. Uy principal 
duly to-night ie ta aspieis the great regret of the First Lord «l 
tbe Admintltj' that it was not in hie power to Bc.oept tbe 
courteous inTitDtion you had extended to him. It woald have 
been a great pleseure to him if hia health had pemkif.ed him to 
be preaeut. espec-ially ae thia dinner ia beld Tinder the preaideiic>y 
of your diatin gull lied cboirmsc, whose valuable oritioism and 
Boppcrt Mr, GoBOheu and those wbo are connected with the 
AdmimUy bars' often to congratulate tbemaalvea upon in tbe 
Bouse of Commonit. I would desire to take this opportunity of 
aaying how aDzionely we had Icoked forward to, and bow glatlly 
wg took, the opportunity in Ihia seasiou •of making nime sagg^s- 
tiona, which have bpeti aco«pt«d hy I'Brlietneii'-, for affordifig 

ti> liie enffineer offieerB of tbe Bojnl Naval Seeerve the 
opportnaity whic-h ha^ hitherto been denied them o-f making 
tbemselvea more oloaaly acquaint'") with the duties which tbej 
have to perform on board Her Maj>ity'a ahipa. These pro. 
liOBsla which were laid before Parliament are of a tentative 
charaoter, but when I uae that adjective T da not for one 
moment (Dean (o imply that thoee who are reaponaible for thCM 
propoeBls. have icade ibetn witli any heBitatiot) bs to the 
renilte wbiob tbey hope will flow from them. But we cMi- 
«ideiadthat it woald be desirable iti tbe tij^t instanM to find 
out how far tbe ofS^rs or the Eoyil Na^el Fetetve woald be 
able lo avail thtmeelVES of Ibete prapmulB, or bow tax « 



July 1, 1897.] 



THE MABINE ENGINEEE. 



121 



I 



Algbt MlooUta npcm LliBir being «bla to Kvail tbenaaUn of 
mate adandvd fnifoimia in the fotuce- I had by tbe coortesy »t 

tlw — HWl»>]i <J Uiia Isatitut^, bid oprportatiitj of trading with 

OKrafuI sttantioB tbat lAMi^aiitig debA[« wUich took p1a«« tut 
jw OD tha pw a ioB of Ui« «Bgii)>^ar officers of the Seyal Narftl 
Si)MrT« in ralBtion to hw MkJMtjB Xavj i aad if I uy LhU there 
■■ppoared to me to be > conaidanitla divoi^Mics ot opinian amoa^t 
■pmlfaTs oa that ooo&iioa &« to wliu mig'bt be tb» most oeceMary 
ftttd moct useful gtepi Ihht could b« takrn I do not in aay 
vkj* make tliaE obeerrKtioa iq a critical or reproachful 

ril, ftir it IB p«rf«<ctly naturiJ that ia «. graat aerrice 
this, ijid hk^c^- ren""^ to t^^t uther importnit iJoiies wbich 
the officQra of tbe y^ijAi NhtkI Befterre hnvs to Ou-r; oat., tbbl 
the dilKonltiea thftt h*ve to b« Mired shrtnld b* tiihay, ftbd Aieh 
*■ cannot klnays be lookad at in tine a&me light by BTery oa^al 
oScer. 0ab nhac the Baajd of AdmiraJty believe they h%ve done 
i* tc kSord a ateppiug-ito&e and an opportunity to tbos« who 
M(m to OKTy (arthor their oaergy in regard to their geiricM ld 
^wB ojfaJ HaTj ; a&d if w«i are onoooitigod by tbe reaotta which flow 
torn tfie propo@^g that b»VQuoi> beeiLmade, 1 baTu no doubt thit 
mere «ztai)ded |)ropon,]a will bemadeiatba fatura ti^enableeveiry 
oflkwr of the Royal Nayal Rsflerve to carry out that ambitivD 
wbioh flo many have eipreseed theinB»lTeB daeiroua of ezhib'itiag', 
and obtaining a oloaer and more perrect knowledgw of those 
iniportantdatiea which fall Bison all engineer oSioera of tbe Boy al 
l^'it^- It nould be nnbeisaming of me if I did not recognJxa the 
TTT great aerricei whioh tit regard to thia qoeation have been 
pte-formed by ooe of your Tice-preBidentB, Mr. Daratos, who has 
t&kui Ibo dnepeat intervat iii ihii subject, aad has offered to the 
Firat Lord fil the Admiralty nud liia ci'lle8)riie« every possible 
UUOrBiatioB which Lis .^ip^rieiic^ c^ald aagga^t. I «&□ galy Bay 

OB bebalfof thoaa who are now *«iponaiblatoi'ibaadiiiiniat»tioB 
of her Uaj«Bty'j Navy, wbo are ao oloaety connected with the 
memben of the Institute by the relation wtioh bo many of th&m 
bold to the Board of Admiralty as oOicsra uf the Boyal Naval 
BeaerT«, that from the very moment we took offloe we hare hod 
otfatteoiioQ directed to thia partictilar qnoatioD, audi chat if there 
hSB ba«q aome doltiy in making tbeee propooala it hae been ottly 
MCftnae we daoireij to lay what we believed to be jjracticable 
pn>poaa]B before Parliament, and that we shall Iom no opportonitj 
wbioh may flaw riom the reablta of tbeea proponU of JDCieajlng 
the efficiently and taking advsDlHge of the aeal of tha engineer- 
officers of the Boyal Kuval Rad.BrTe 

Ur. Manael »aid : Mr. FrstideDt and Gentlemen. — On 
bffbalf of the offioera and tuod of the Boyal Naral 
"eaerre 1 tbaak yon for the hearty msDnor in which you 
ba»« f«o«iT9d thia tcuBt. aod 1 also thank tha Preuident. Mr. 
UaeaKoey,. ^,P,, the Parliamentary Secretary of the Admiralty, 
•nd otaer mAmbera, on behalf of the engineer offioere of the 
naeire, for ttaalf endearoora to obtain for ettginaicrB an appor- 
lanity of becoming more aoqnaieited with, and ao more efficient 
far their apecial duties in Her Majeatj'i Na»y whan suddenly 
called out in time of war. GeuLlemen. I need hardly remind you 
tbat tbe loffioere and men of the r«aerva are TolanteerB io every 
Mntv, and fully deierre all joor intere« and tbat of the Britiah 
natioD, fgr Ibey falGI two tnoet important dntieB to the natioa. 
In their daily laboan, awd at the riftk of tbeir livoa, they greatly 
aaaiat in auHtaialag tho commtroiBj provpetity vi Bnt^n and 
her gmat CoIobJbb in every part of th« world. When war 
approaohea they are ready agaib to risk thetr lives and to flght 
in derending tbem ft.^inBt their enomisa. it is true that tbeir 
imeUioa in war may be tbe tecond line of defence, hat io peu:e 
weir poaitiOQ ii io the firit line — in the maioCenanoe of its 
eotsmenM by aea. Aa a uamber of the memben of this Inaticuie 
4*6 engineer officers of tbe reaorve, and aome are her* tonight, 
I ootLgratulate tuem on the opportanitr aogn to be afforded tbetn 
of a abort period of trsiaiuR io Her ^lajtaty'e Navy, and when 
tbe t«rtn« have b4en formuUted by tb» aaval aathoiitieB. I have 
no dopbt but what the Hhipowuera wilt girtt them the same 
wilitiea for doing ao ai they have done to the deck offioerB in 
,^apect of their training for the reserve datiea. One word to the 
arvo engineers when serving tor training, I trnit yon will do 
.^^"^ ntmoflt to maintaio the record you have won in tbe Minuan- 
™e Merino, aad I am aare that your aoaociationa with yosr 
braUter ofiioere and men in tbe Navy will be of an iuatraotire 
^Bo agreaabla chsrseter. G«ii(leiDen, ] again thank you fur tbe 
beutf mftOaeT in whiob you have received thii toaat. 

Sir TTiUiaai H. White proposed ihe toast of tbe " Houses of 

farliament." It had been bia fortu-ne, as it had been theirs, no 

^wabt, to haai thia toact propoMd a great many times, and to far 



as bia own gbserratioa went tbey were aeouHtomed to bear it 
ttcoompuniad by a good many aMuuions to what the Honaealtf 
ParliaEueat bad been, and what they Tnight b^. Th«y heard of 
the good eld ttnaoa, or of the times which uigLt be bettei^, uid 
which were jet to eome. He was going to pi«|>aae to them that 
evening tbe Hoaaea of ParliBment u they were, and he felt sere 
that in giving it in that Benae it would rei^etve a vet; bcartv 
welcome. Id that esaembly he preanmed ihst tbey might jpealc 
of the UoQBeB of FarLimnFat more or leaa u tbe propelling 
machioery of tbsi sbip of Stale. If thrj might trnat Co biatory 
the ship of State did not on°ina)ly have this form of prvpalBlua, 
bot long Bgoib vas disi^vered that the An^lo-Saxou race raqaired 
some relief in the form of speeofa. Uattsrs bed been going on 
in that way now for aome c^nturiee, aad he auppoaed theymnSt 
atl Agree that od Cha wbola ihey bad been going very satiJ- 
faotoriiy. No doubt there had been gr«at need tor ohange. Ths 
machine waa aa old one, and It had had to undergo many modi* 
floationa in order to meet Ibe new oonditions of the State and 
tbe «Ter-i[icreasiii|j( leflponsibilitiea, bat bo far it had never failed 
to work. Tbey did not b«liove it was ever going bo foil to 
work. So long M thert^ wer« to be found men prepared to 
give tbeir servioeB to the State la