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THE 

MARINE ROOM 

OF THE 

PEABODY MUSEUM OF SALEM 




PEABODY MUSEUM 

Salem, Massachusetts 

1921 







Copyright, 1921, by 

PEABODY MUSEUM 

of Salem 



JUN 16 1921 



ICI.A614729 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Introduction 

Oil and Water-Color Paintings of Merchant Vessels 
Miscellaneous Pictures of Vessels .... 
Sketches in Water-Color and Black-and- White 
Paintings and Models of Naval Vessels of the United 

States 

Paintings of Miscellaneous Naval Vessels 
Paintings of Wharves, Harbors and Foreign Ports 

Models 

Nautical Instruments 

Portraits 

The Collection of Flags 

Summary of Other Collections in the Marine Room 



1 
15 
56 

58 

60 

64 

65 

69 

88 

100 

120 

124 



APPENDIX 

Ship-Building and Ship-Builders 137 

Painters of the Ship-Pictures 147 

Painters of the Portraits 156 

Boats and Models in the Ethnological Collections 159 

References 166 

Index 175 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 
Privateer ship "AMERICA" (4th), 1812 . . Frontispiece 

Contemporary model two feet long. 

Ship "FRIENDSHIP" of Salem, 1797 Title 

Model, eight feet high. Bow view sketch by Lewis J. Bridgman. 

Seal of the Peabody Museum ii 

From an etching by Frank W. Benson, 1920. 

Seal of the City of Salem xiv 

Replica, 14 inches in diameter, of bronze seal, given the U. S. Cruiser 
Salem on her visit to the harbor, July 1909. 

Miniature models of vessels 14 

Case, five feet long, containing models of wood, bone and glass. 1779 
to 1904. 

Topsail schooner "BALTICK" 1765 16 

The earliest picture of a Salem vessel. From the original water-color 
painting. 

Ship "AMERICA" (3d) of Salem, 654 tons .... 16 

The largest Salem-owned vessel until 1839. Painting by M. F. Corne, 
1799. 

Ship "CHARLEMAGNE" of New York, Addison Richardson, 
Master 18 

Painting by Frederic Roux, 1828. 

Brig "CYGNET" of Salem, 1822 18 

Painting by Anton Roux, Jr., 1824. 

Yacht "CLEOPATRA'S BARGE" 20 

Built by Retire Becket for George Crowninshield, Jr., 1816. Painting 
by A. Vittaluga, Genoa, 1817. 

Bark "ELIZA" of Salem, 1823 20 

Sailed for California with a party of gold-seekers, December 1848. 
Painting by Benjamin F. West of Salem. 



Whaling ship "ELIZA ADAMS" of New Bedford, 1835 22 

"Cutting in a Whale." Painting by C. S. Raleigh. 

U.S. Frigate "ESSEX," 860 tons 22 

Built by Enos Briggs, 1799; the largest vessel ever built at Salem. 
Painting by Joseph Howard. 

Brigantine "EXPERIMENT" of Newburyport . ... 26 

Painting by Nicolai Carmillieri, Marseilles, 1807. 

Brig "EUNICE" of Salem undergoing repairs at St. Paul's 

Island in the Indian Ocean 26 

Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1806. 

Ship "HERCULES" of Salem 30 

Painted at Naples, 1809. 

Privateer brig "GRAND TURK" of Salem saluting Mar- 
seilles 30 

Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1815. 

Clipper ship "JOHN BERTRAM" of Salem .... 32 
Built at Boston, 1851. 

Topsail schooner "H.H. COLE" of Salem, 1843 ... 32 

Painting by Clement Drew. 

English yacht "LOUISA" at Marseilles 34 

Painting by Anton Roux, 1816. 

Ship "MARGARET" of Salem 34 

Painting by M. F. Corne, 1802. 

Brig "MEXICAN" of Salem 36 

Sketch by Benjamin Read, mate of the Mexican, made September 21, 
1832, the morning after the brig had been attacked by pirates and 
robbed. 

Ship "MO NK" of Salem 38 

Painting by Nicolai Carmillieri, Marseilles, 1806. 

Ship "MOUNT VERNON" of Salem 38 

Escaping from a French fleet off Gibraltar, July 28, 1799. Painting by 
M. F. Come, 1799. 

Ship "MINDORO" of Salem 40 

The last ship owned in Salem, 1897. Painting by Charles Torrey, 1920. 



Brig "NAIAD" of Salem 42 

Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1820. 

Brig "OLINDA" of Salem 42 

Painting by Francois Roux, Marseilles, 1827. 

Bark "PATRIOT" of Salem 44 ' 

Passing Elsinore. Painting by Jacob Petersen, 1809. 

Ship "RECOVERY" of Salem 44. 

Painting by William Ward, 1799. 

Bark "RICHARD" of Salem and ship "JULIAN" of New 
Bedford whaling in the South Pacific Ocean, 1837 ... 46 ' 

Painting 10 feet long; represents the various phases of sperm whaling. 

Ship "ROME" of Salem 48 

Painting by Hre. Pellegrini, Marseilles, 1848. 

Brigantine "St/KEF" of Salem 48, 

Painting by M. Macpherson, after George Ropes in 1804. 

Ship "TRIUMPHANT" of Salem 50- 

Painting by George Ropes, 1804. 

Packet ship " UNITED STATES" .... .50. 

Painting by Robert Salmon, 1817. 

Ship "ULYSSES" (2d) of Salem 52, 

Capt. William Mugford rigging a temporary rudder, February, 1 1804. 
One of a set of three paintings by Anton Roux, 1804, depicting the 
experiences of the Ulysses in a gale and the safe arrival at Marseilles. 

Model of the ship "ULYSSES" (2d) 52 . 

Made in 1804 by Captain William Mugford to illustrate his temporary 
rudder. 

Ship "VOLUSIA" of Salem 54 ' 

Wrecked on Cape Cod, February 22, 1802. Painting by M. F. Corne, 
1802. 

Clipper ship " W IT CH-OF-T HE-WAVE" of Salem ... 54 ' 

Built at Portsmouth, N. H., 1851. 

U. S. Frigate "ESSEX" 60 

Capture by H. B. M. Phcebe and Cherub at Valparaiso, Chile, March 28, 
1814. Painting by George Ropes, Salem, 1815. 



Frigates "CHESAPEAKE" and "SHANNON" engaging off 
Salem, June 1, 1813 60 

Painting by Ross Sterling Turner, Salem, 1895. 

Chincha Islands off the coast of Peru 62 

With ships in foreground awaiting cargoes of guano. Painting made 
about 1845-1855. 

Mocha, Arabia 62 

With ships waiting to load with coffee. Painting made about 1825. 

Crowninshield's Wharf, Salem, during the embargo ... 64 

With ship America (4th) at end of wharf and ship Fame next. Painting 
by M. Macpherson, after George Ropes in 1806. 

U.S. Frigate "CONSTITUTION," built 1797 .... 66 
Model, 5 feet long, a gift to the museum by Captain Isaac Hull, July, 
1813. Bill from British prisoners of war held in Salem for repairing the 
model, May, 1814. 

Foreign Factories at Canton, 1840 68 

Residences of foreign merchants and consuls. Painting by a Chinese 
artist. 

Shamien Consulates, Canton, about 1860 68 

These replaced the Factories destroyed in 1852. Painting by a Chinese 
artist. 

"Tiger's Mouth" on the Pearl River below Canton ... 70 

Painting by a Chinese artist, about 1850. 

Hong Kong, about 1850 70 

Painting by a Chinese artist. 

Macao, the Portugese settlement in China, about 1840 72 

Painting by a Chinese artist. 

Whampoa, the port of Canton, about 1840 72 

Painting by a Chinese artist. 

Schooner "BENJAMIN F. PHILLIPS" 74 

Winner of the fishermen's race, 1904. Model by Arthur Binney. 

Pinkey "EAGLE" 74 

Built at Duxbury, Mass., 1854, and still afloat. Model by Arthur 
Binney. 

Brig "CAMEL" of Salem 76 

Captured from the British in 1814. Model by Daniel C. Becket, 1873. 



Ship "FRIENDSHIP" of Salem ... 76, 

Model by Thomas Russell, 1803. 

Bark"L.4 GRANGE" of Salem .... 78 

Sailed for California, 1849. Model by Dr. Levi Saunders, one of the 
passengers. 

Barkentine "HERBERT FULLER" 78 

Model made in 1897. 

U.S.S. "OHIO" 80^ 

Model by Enoch Fuller, 1850. 

Block Island boat "LENA M" 80- 

A fast-disappearing type. Model by H. E. Boucher. 1910. 

Brig "RISING STATES" 82 - 

Model made before 1800. 

Whaling bark "SEA FOX" of New Bedford, 1874 ... 82 ' 

A contemporary model. 

Ship of the 18th century 84 

A contemporary model. ' 

Clipper ship 84 , 

Model with sails carved from wood, made about 1855. 

Group in Marine Room entry 86 , 

Builder's half-hull models of Salem ships, 1809-1870, the longest 5^ 
feet. Scale beams and weights used by Salem ships on the coast of 
Sumatra for weighing pepper, 1820-1850. Stone pepper weight, early 
19th century. Ship's drag, or sea-anchor, from William Gray's store- 
house, Salem, about 1805. 

Nautical instruments 86 _ 

Collection exhibited in the corridor of the museum. 

Miscellaneous instruments 88 __ 

Gauging calipers, 1790, § l A feet long; calipers, later form; long- 
armed serving-mallets used by riggers about 1830; instruments for draw- 
ing curves, one inscribed "William Addison 1693." 

Non-metallic instrument by Dollond, London, about 1780 92 

For detecting slight variations of the earth's magnetism. 

Spy-glasses 94 

From above, Dutch, old, 5 feet long, used at Nagasaki, Japan; from 



U. S. S. Guerriere, 1815; from a British prize vessel taken by an Amer- 
ican privateer, 1779; later forms, one used by Enos Briggs, builder of 
the frigate Essex, 1799; one used by Capt. Edward Weston on the 
clipper ship Joseph Peabody, 1856; tapering form, about 1820. 

Nocturnals 94 

Used for obtaining time by the North star; one at left inscribed, 
"Nath 11 Viall 1724"; the one on the right shows the reverse of a sim- 
ilar instrument. 

Davis quadrants 96 

At left, an old form with solid shade-vane, about 1750; at right, later 
form with convex glass in shade-vane, dated 1768. 

Hadley quadrants (octants) 98 

Above, at left, John Dupee, maker, 1755, wholly of wood; at right, 
John Gilbert, maker, London, 1768, arm partly of metal, ivory scale; 
below, at left, Spencer Browning & Rust, makers, about 1800; at 
right, J. Urings, London, maker, wholly of metal, probably late 18th 
century. 

Sextants • 100 

Above, at left, Bradford, London, maker, about 1810; at right, J. 
Bleuler, London, wooden frame, ivory scale, an unusual form, prob- 
ably old; below, the sextant used in Africa by Dr. David Livingstone, 
the explorer, made by G. Gowland, Liverpool. 

Captain John Carnes (1755-1796) 106 

Portrait painted about 1785. 

Captain William Cleveland (1777-1842) 106 

Pastel portrait by St. Memin. 

Portraits of Orientals 114 

Ahmet ben Haman of Muscat, by Edward Mooney, at New York, 
1840; Seyyid Said, Sultan of Zanzibar, by Lieut. Lynch, about 1850; 
Eshing, silk merchant of Canton, and Nasserwanjee, Parsee merchant 
of Bombay, early 19th century, by native artists. 

Life-size clay figures of native Calcutta merchants . . 116 

Durgha Prasanna Ghose, Rajkissen Mitter, Rajendra Dutte. Early 
19th century. 

Yamqua 118 

Merchant of Canton. The head and hands were carved by Samuel 
i.tclntire, the Salem carver and architect, 1801. Life-size figure. 



Chinese Mandarin 118 

The head and hands were carved by Joseph True, a Salem carver, 
1838. Life-size figure. 

Whaling implements 124 

Mounted for use, shown in the corridor of the museum. Blubber 
fork, grains for handling blubber, cutting spades, lances, old type of 
hand harpoons, etc. 

Whaling guns 124 

Brass breech-loading shoulder gun ; bomb-lance shoulder gun; Greener 
harpoon gun. 

Figurehead 126 

Said to have been carved by Samuel Mclntire of Salem, about 1800. 
2 feet high. 

Billet-head 126 

Ascribed to the frigate Constitution. 7 feet high. 

Log-books 128 

At left, ship Elizabeth of Salem, 1838, with sketch of harbor and head- 
land in the South Pacific ocean, and the capture of two whales recorded. 
At right, page from the log of the ship Hercules of Salem, 1792, with 
sketches of town on the Malabar coast and harbor at Fayal. 

Rope work by sailors 130 

Chest beckets (handles); imitation of a prick of spun yarn for smug- 
gling tobacco; spun yarn prick ready for use; stopper for holding a 
rope for splicing. 

Old-time punishments at sea 130 

Leg irons on chain; hand-cuffs; leg irons on bar; slung shot; brass 
knuckles; colt and cat-o-nine-tails for flogging; belaying pin of whale 
pan-bone. 

Wooden lantern 132 

Used on vessels before 1750 by Captain Samuel Page. 2 feet high. 

Speaking-trumpets 132 

Left to right, used by Captain Edward Weston of Salem on ship Joseph 
Peabody, 1856; telescopic, extending to 40 inches, about 1840; used 
by Captain Joseph Hardy Millett on ship Wilch-of-the-Wave of Salem, 
1851. 

Killicks 134 

From left to right, net anchor; mooring anchor, 5 feet high, for a sandy 
bottom: boat anchor. 



Puzzle-work in bottles 134 

Made by sailors on long voyages. 1810-1840. Central bottle 12 inches 
high. 

Scrimshaw work by sailors on whaling voyages .... 138 
On left, busk used in ladies' stays. From top, jagging wheels for 
crimping the edges of pastry; seam rubber; serving board; pickwick 
for oil lamps; shoemaker's tool; bodkin; blocks. 

Scrimshaw work on whales' teeth 140 

Ship Chinchilla of New York, about 1830; naval engagement, 1812; 
whaling scene, ship Susan of Nantucket, 1829; Goddess of Liberty, 
about 1830; ship, one of a pair made on the Wilkes Exploring Expedi- 
tion, 1838-1842. 

Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch relics 142 

Sextant, quadrant and spy-glass used by him while commanding Salem 
vessels, about 1800; first edition of Bowditch's Navigator, published 
1801; manuscript endorsement of the Navigator by a committee of 
the Salem East India Marine Society, 1801. 

Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch's table desk 144 

At which he translated La Place's Mechanique Celeste. 

Michele Felice Corne, 1757 - 1845 146 

From portrait in Redwood Library, Newport, R. I. 

Delft bowl .150 

Taken from a prize vessel captured by a Marblehead privateer during 
the American Revolution. 10 inches in diameter. 

Captain Addison Richardson relics 150 

Sextant, speaking trumpet, silver pitcher, spy-glass and medicine chest 
given Capt. Richardson by passengers on packet ships under his com- 
mand, 1830-1840. 

"Grand Turk" punch-bowl 152 

Chinese Lowestoft ware, made for Elias Hasket Derby at Canton, 
1786. 16 inches in diameter. 

Staffordshire punch-bowls 154 

Showing the engagement between the U. S. frigate ''Constellation " 
and the French frigate " Insitrgente," 1799, made for the Salem East 
India Marine Society. 13 inches in diameter. 

Tureens of Chinese Lowestoft ware 154 

Presented to the Salem East India Marine Society in 1803. Used at 
the annual banquets of the Society. 22 inches long. 



Venetian glass chandelier 156 

Presented to the Salem East India Marine Society in 1804 by Capt. 
Benjamin Carpenter. The timbering of Marine Room ceiling, 1824, 
shows in the picture. 

" Heaven and the Day of Judgment " 158 

Boxwood carving, for one hundred years the best known object in the 
museum. 

Formosa bambu fishing raft 160 

Model made before 1877. 

Japanese trading junk 160 

Working model of a Japanese iunk-builder, about 1800. 

American brig 162 

Model made by a native of the West Coast of Africa about 1852. 

Dhow or trading boat 162 

Model made by a native of the East Coast of Africa before 1849. 

Chinese Mandarin's boat 164 

Model made before 1883. 

Chinese flower boat 164 

Ivory model made before 1883. 

Fiji double canoe 166 

Model made before 1858. 

Kusaie outrigger canoe 166 

Model made in 1892. 




SEAL OF THE CITY OF SALEM 
Replica of the bronze seal given by the city to the U. S. S. SALEM, July, 1909. 



The seal was adopted in 1839, three years after the city charter was granted. The 
design was prepared in 1838 by Col. George Peabody, chairman of the committee 
in charge of the matter. The date, 1626, is the year of the settlement at Naumkeag, 
or Naum Keik, by Roger Conant and others. John Endicott came in 1628 with more 
settlers and supplies which ensured the permanency of the colony. The actual "incor- 
poration of Salem should stand the 29th of June, 1629" [Felt's Annals]. The "English 
not only found it a haven of comfort but also happened to put a Hebrew name upon it, 
for they called it Salem for the peace they had hoped in it" [Mather's Magnalia]. 
The crest is the dove of peace holding an olive branch in its beak. Salem was the 
second Massachusetts city; Boston was incorporated in 1822. 

The official entry in adopting the seal reads, — "In the center thereof a shield 
bearing upon it a ship under full sail approaching a coast, designated by the costume 
of the person standing upon it, and by the trees near him, as a portion of the East 
Indies. The motto, — " Divilis Indies usque ad idtimum sinum," signifies, — To the 
farthest port of the rich East. 

"As calculated at East India Marine Hall [probably by Nathan iel Bowditch 
the latitude is 42° 31' 18 53-100" North; the longitude is 70° 53' 53 3-100" West. 
[Felt's Annals]. 



INTRODUCTION 

The Salem East India Marine Society was founded and its Museum 
begun in the autumn of 1799. The Museum was to contain "natural 
and artificial curiosities, particularly such as are to be found beyond 
the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn." The objects connected 
with our merchant marine and the life of a sailor were, in those days, 
at every hand and were considered too common to be placed in a 
museum. During the first fifty years of its existence ship models, 
pictures of ships and related objects were, however, incidentally received 
by the museum through gifts and the portraits of Salem merchants 
and members of the society were at the same time gradually accum- 
ulated. But not until 1889 was it attempted to bring together the 
marine objects as a special collection and to solicit additions from 
friends of the museum with the idea of forming a memorial of the 
commercial marine period. 

The museum of the East India Marine Society first occupied 
rooms on the third floor of Stearns building which formerly stood on 
the north-east corner of Essex and Washington streets, but in 1804 
it was removed to rooms in the new Pickman building on Essex street, 
especially fitted for the society. Here the museum increased so 
rapidly that in 1824 the society erected the present East India Marine 
Hall which provided the museum with a room one hundred by forty- 
five feet in size. The dedication was a great event and took place 
October 14, 1825, John Quincy Adams, at the time President of the 
United States, delivering the opening address. There sat at the 
banquet given, also, Justice Story of the U. S. Supreme Court, 
Hon. Benjamin W. Crowninshield, former Secretary of Navy and 
then member of Congress from the district, Hon. Josiah Quincy, mayor 
of Boston, Col. Timothy Pickering of Washington's cabinet, Pres- 



ident Kirkland of Harvard College and many other men distin- 
guished in mercantile and professional life. In 1867 this building was 
purchased by the Trustees of the Peabody Museum and the collections 
of the East India Marine Society were transferred to the Trustees upon 
permanent deposit. 

The marine collection was first arranged (1890) in the northern 
end of the Ethnological hall. In January, 1904, by means of funds 
contributed by friends it was permanently established in the present 
Marine Room which was prepared especially for it. The collection 
includes portraits of Salem merchants, members and officers of the 
East India Marine Society, relics connected with the early history 
and social character of the society, paintings and rigged models of 
vessels, builders' half-hull models, nautical instruments, whaling 
material, "scrimshaw" work on whales' teeth and bone, ship-car- 
penters' and ship-builders' tools and souvenirs and objects of all sorts 
connected with a sailor's life. A large collection of signal flags, of 
American flags used by Salem ships, and of other flags both American 
and foreign, of historical interest, has been gathered. A cabinet, 
systematically arranged, holds some 5,000 mounted photographs, 
drawings, engravings and prints of ships; cards, prints and illus- 
trations of many kinds; and documents relating to shipping, par- 
ticularly local shipping, and matters connected with the merchant 
marine. Over-sized sheets are kept in portfolios; there are some 
300 in the last named collection, — pictures, broadsides, sea-letters 
and permits signed by the Presidents of the United States, and 
numerous shipping papers. 

Besides large additions made thru the gifts of friends, in 1918 
the Essex Institute, taking the broad view that objects relating to 
shipping would be most useful and best serve the public in one museum, 
deposited all such material in its own collection with the Peabody 
Museum. 

The publication of a hand-book of the Marine Room has been 
in contemplation for a long time and now that the collection has 
become so large and as time passes the accessions of portraits, ship 



paintings and models are likely to be less frequent, it seems desirable 
to issue a catalog of that portion of the collection with notes. Many 
of the paintings and other objects in the collection have been photo- 
graphed and prints from the negatives may be obtained upon 
application. 



The site chosen for Salem in 1626 decided its maritime character; 
the fishing industry and the building of vessels began almost with 
the settlement. Before 1650 Salem vessels were trading in Virginia, 
the Bermudas, the West Indies and in England. Josselyn in 1664 
says that "in Salem are some very rich merchants." The vessels 
before 1700 were of forty tons displacement or less, although one 
ship is recorded of 200 tons. 

[Tonnage, — displacement, is the weight of the water displaced by the vessel 
afloat, hence the weight of the vessel in tons, either without cargo or loaded as the 
case may be. Tonnage, — burden, gross and net, sometimes referred to as registered 
tonnage, are arbitrary terms and as now estimated represent, (gross) the number of 
hundred cubic feet in the hold of a vessel; and (net) the number of hundred cubic 
feet available for the cargo after making certain deductions for crew's quarters, ship's 
storage, machinery, etc. Changes have been made from time to time in figuring net 
tonnage, it was frequently estimated differently at different ports, and from a desire 
to avoid tonnage taxes owners have naturally endeavored to make it as small as possible. 
The tonnage, gross and net, as estimated by government officials is cut into one of the 
deck beams of the vessel. The net tonnage, of course, in no way shows the weight of 
the cargo. Thirty-five cubic feet of water or a tank of water 7x5x1 feet weighs one 
ton. On the average a ton of cargo will occupy about 45 cubic feet of space. While 
the tonnage expressed is a somewhat uncertain quantity, and whether intended as 
displacement or burden is not always clear, still it offers the best available way to 
compare the sizes of the vessels in these lists.] 

Philip English in the late seventeenth century and Richard 
Derby in the middle eighteenth were the most noted merchants of 
their times. Prior to the American Revolution Salem commerce 
was conducted chiefly with the West Indies, Madeira, Spain and 
England. At the close of the Revolution, however, Salem merchants 
were possessed of many large, heavy ships — large for the times — 
armed for privateering and for these occupation must be found or 



loss sustained. With courage and enterprise these ships were 
dispatched on new ventures to distant countries through uncharted 
seas and Salem shipmasters found their way and were the first to 
carry the American flag to many foreign ports. It is this period from 
1784 until its close which the collection in the Marine Room illus- 
trates, a period of about one hundred years, beginning with the voyage 
of the ship Grand Turk to the Cape of Good Hope and to Canton 
and of the Light Horse to St. Petersburg in 1784 - 1785 and ending 
with the sale in 1894 of the Mindoro, the last square-rigged vessel 
owned in Salem, which had lain idly at Derby wharf for ten years. 

The early ships of this period were small. The Grand Turk (1st) 
1784, was 300 tons; the Light Horse, 266 tons; the Friendship, 1797, 
342 tons; the Mount Vernon, 1798, 355 tons; the Prudent, 1799, 214 
tons; the Margaret, 1800, 295 tons. These little ships made voyages 
to all parts of maritime Europe and the East. The brigs were still 
smaller, from 150 to 230 tons, and yet they also visited far distant 
ports. 

The only picture known of a Salem vessel prior to the Revolution 
is that of the schooner Baltick in 1765, the next being the Mount 
Vernon by Corne and the Recovery and Friendship by William Ward 
in 1799. From this date pictures of Salem vessels are numerous; 
at first nearly all were water-color paintings, many of them beau- 
tifully as well as accurately done, especially those by Anton Roux 
and his sons Anton, Jr., Francois and Frederic. The earliest oil 
paintings were made by Corne and George Ropes, his pupil, both 
of Salem, but after 1830 oil paintings are more numerous, nearly all 
the work of local painters, until the appearance of the host of ship 
pictures by Chinese painters at Whampoa and Hong Kong. At 
this time, 1840 to 1890, including the "Clipper-Ship Era," many 
artists in Europe and America were also painting the famous ships. 

It is often asked why, comparatively, so few of the hundreds 
of Salem owned vessels were ever pictured. From 1800 to 1830 ship- 
picture painters appear to have been located in many of the Med- 
iterranean ports, Genoa, Naples, Marseilles, Palermo, Leghorn, 



Trieste, Port Mahon and Smyrna. There were painters at Havre, 
Antwerp and Copenhagen and later Chinese artists were found at 
Whampoa, Macao, Lintin and Hong Kong. Local painters worked 
at Salem, Robert Salmon at Liverpool and Boston and others else- 
where. Sometimes a member of the ship's company was artistically 
inclined, as Edmund Stone of Beverly, who has left so many excellent 
pictures of the ship George, and sometimes the keeper of the log- 
book, captain, mate or supercargo, illustrated his log with sketches, 
occasionally in colors, of his ship or others met on a voyage. But 
unless a vessel visited one of these foreign ports where painters worked 
or was painted by some local artist its picture was never made. Prob- 
ably not one Salem vessel in ten was ever pictured. Some of the 
later ships, after 1860, were photographed as nearly every ship of 
note is today. 

There were but few Salem built or Salem owned vessels that 
exceeded 500 tons displacement in the early days. The second Grand 
Turk, built in Salem for Elias Hasket Derby in 1791, was 564 tons, 
and the third America purchased by the Crowninshields as the Blonde 
from the French government was 654 tons, but she was soon sold back 
and re-entered the French Navy. These were exceptionally large 
ships for the times. The frigate Essex of 860 tons, built for the United 
States government by the merchants of Salem in 1799, was the largest 
vessel ever built in Salem. There were no more large vessels owned 
or built in Salem until the appearance of the New Jersey of 633 tons 
in 1833 owned by Joseph Peabody, a New York ship sold away from 
Salem in 1843, the ship Thomas Perkins of 595 tons in 1837, and the 
ship Susan Drew of 696 tons in 1839 owned and commanded by Jer- 
emiah Page. No vessel so large as the Grand Turk of 1791, — which 
was always spoken of in its day as "the Great Ship" — was built 
in Salem for nearly eighty years until the bark Jersey of 599 tons 
was built in South Salem by E. F. Miller for Captain John Bertram 
in 1868; the barks Guide and Glide each of 495 tons had preceded 
it and there followed in 1870 the bark Taria Topan, 631 tons, also 
built by E. F. Miller, the last large square-rigged vessel built in Salem; 



none of these Bertram ships, however, very much exceeded the size 
of the Grand Turk of 1791. 

After 1850 the size of Salem owned ships increased rapidly, the 
John Bertram, 1050 tons and the Witchcraft, 1240 tons in 1850; the 
Witch of the Wave, 1493 tons in 1851; the Mindoro, 1065 tons in 1864; 
the Highlander of 1352 tons in 1869; and the Panay of 1190 tons in 
1877, were nearly all built at Medford and Boston. The largest ships 
ever owned in Salem of which little has ever been said here and little 
ever known were the Bridgewater of 1557 tons built at Philadelphia 
in 1855 and the ship Cultivator of 1581 tons built at New York in 
1854. Both ships were packets, the latter of the famous Black-Ball 
Line. They were owned by Paul Upton of Salem from 1873 to 1877 
altho they never visited their adopted home port. In fact, none 
of the largest ships after 1850 loaded or discharged cargoes in Salem. 

While tonnage figures have been used as a convenient way of 
showing the comparative size of the vessels, a few examples of the 
length, breadth and depth of some of the well known ships will help 
to illustrate the differences. 



Name 



Date Length Breadth Depth Tons Cost 



Ship Grand Turk 


1791 


124 


32 


16 


560 




Ship Belisarius 


1794 


93 


25 


12# 


261 




Ship Friendship 


1797 


102 


27K 


14 


342 




Ship Mount Vernon 


1798 


99 


24 


14 


356 




Ship Prudent 


1799 


86 


24 


12 


214 




Ship Margaret 


1800 


91 


27K 


14 


295 




Ship America (4th) 


1804 


114 


31 


15K 


473 




Ship Francis 


1807 


96 


26^ 


13 


297 




Ship Glide 


1811 


97K 


26K 


13K 


306 




Ship China 


1816 


107 


27^ 


14 


370 




Ship Emerald 


1823 


98K 


25 


12^ 


271 




Ship Rome 


1829 


116 


25K 


13 


344 


$8,625 : 


Ship Carthage 


1837 


130K 


27 


13 


426 




Bark Europa 


1849 


121 


26 


18 


398 


$29,000 


Ship Australia 


1849 


135 


29 


21 


534 


$8,000 



i7iy 2 


34 


24 


911 


$52,000 


202 


40 


21 


1494 




202 


38K 


24 


1396 




167 


35 


23>£ 


1065 


$123,600* 


186 


37 


23 


1190 


$74,500* 



Name Date Length Breadth Depth Tons Cost 

Ship Shirley 1850 
Ship Witch-of-the-Wave 1851 

Ship Aurora 1853 

Ship Mindoro 1864 

Ship Panay 1877 

"Including outfits. 
"Purchased 1841. 



The frigate Essex, the largest vessel ever built in Salem was 860 
tons, length of gun deck 141 feet, breadth 37 feet, depth of hold 12 
feet. 

Regarding the rigs of vessels much confusion exists. Most 
persons readily recognize the ship, the bark or barque and the schooner 
with from two to seven masts, but the older rigs, those entirely obsolete 
and others just passing out, are little known, — the ketch, the snow, 
the topsail schooner and the three forms of the brig. 

"The American brig is a two-masted vessel entirely or partly 
square rigged. There are three classes of brigs; — the full-rigged 
brig, the brigantine and the hermaphrodite brig. All are square 
rigged on the foremast (first mast) and in this respect they are all 
alike. The mainmast (second mast) is different in each of the three 
classes and it is on the mainmast where the distinctive points of differ- 
ence are found. 

"On the full-rigged brig both masts are made in three spars and 
both masts are square rigged. On the mainmast there is a standing 
gaff to which is rigged a small fore-and-aft sail. In other respects 
both masts are alike. [See Olinda and privateer Grand Turk.] 

"On the hermaphrodite brig, or half brig, the mainmast is made 
in two spars and carries no yards; but it has a fore-and-aft, or hoist 
and lower, mainsail and a gaff topsail. The mainmast is made and 
rigged like the mainmast of the ordinary two masted schooner; thus 
the hermaphrodite brig may be said to be half brig and half schooner. 
[See Cleopatra's Barge.] 



"On the brigantine [see Experiment and Sukey], the mainmast 
(second mast) is also made in two spars and has a fore-and-aft, or 
hoist and lower, mainsail and is like the mainmast of the hermaphrodite 
brig; but the brigantine does not carry a gaff topsail. In place of 
the gaff topsail there are two and often three yards aloft on the main- 
mast over the large fore-and-aft mainsail. On these yards are carried 
a square main-top-sail and, in the case of three main yards, a main- 
top-gallantsail. There is no sail carried on the lower, or main yard. 
These are small, light yards and are rigged and handled like the yards 
on the foremast. The brigantine might thus be considered as a 
compromise between the full-rigged brig and the hermaphrodite 
brig, and at a distance very much resembles a full-rigged brig. 
The small main yards, or jack-yards, as the yards carried on 
the brigantine's mainmast are often called, are in reality of but 
little use and are of more or less trouble and in many cases they 
have been taken off and a gaff topsail rigged in their place. In 
such instances, of course, the brigantine becomes a hermaphrodite 
brig. 

"The full-rigged brig and brigantine are entirely obsolete rigs 
and probably none of either class has been built in this country 
within the past sixty or seventy years. The hermaphrodite brig 
is also fast becoming obsolete and even as late as 1916 but four brigs 
of this class are found in the American register. 

"The topsail schooner is a two-masted vessel having both masts 
made in two spars. The mainmast has a fore-and-aft mainsail and 
gaff topsail the same as the ordinary two masted schooner. The 
lower foremast is made a little shorter than the corresponding spar 
of the mainmast and the topmast a little longer. The foresail is a 
fore-and-aft sail and has no gaff topsail; but aloft, over the foresail, 
there are three yards on which are carried a square fore-topsail and 
a fore-topgallantsail. There is no sail carried on the lower, or fore 
yard. The foremast and the sails carried on it are exactly like the 
mainmast of a brigantine." — Letter of Herbert M. C. Skinner of 
Fall River. [See H. H. Cole and Baltick.] 



The snow, a long obsolete rig, closely resembled a full-rigged 
brig, the difference being in the manner in which the fore-and-aft 
mainsail was rigged. This sail was set from a small spar which 
stood abaft of the mainmast and very close to it. [See description 
and illustration in Falconer's Marine Dictionary, editions, 1776 
and 1815.] 

The ketch, an old and once popular rig, was a two-masted vessel 
which might be described as a bark without a foremast. The main- 
mast, in this case the first mast, was square rigged and placed abaft 
the middle of the deck. In old navies the ketch was used as a bomb 
vessel, the considerable space forward being favorable for working 
the mortar. [See Falconer.] 

Much altered in rig and the setting of the masts, the ketch with 
a fore-and-aft rig is a favorite form of fishing vessel on the coast of 
England. The ketch in some ways suggests the yawl, but the second 
mast of the yawl is smaller and generally set abaft the steering wheel; 
the yawl rig is frequently seen on yachts. 

As to the privateer, also, there seems to be a doubt in some minds 
whether it is a vessel with a special rig or maybe of many different 
ones. A privateer, strictly speaking, is an armed vessel of any rig, 
privately owned, with a large crew, sent out under a government 
commission for the especial purpose of preying upon the commerce 
and vessels of an enemy nation. A "letter of marque," the name 
often applied to the vessel itself, signifies the authority given from a 
government to a merchant vessel with a much smaller crew to be 
armed and equipped for similar purposes and altho primarily on a 
mercantile voyage, the vessel may pick up such prizes as come in 
her way. The term privateer is commonly used for both classes of 
vessels. The American privateers in the Revolutionary War and in 
the War of 1812 were often owned in shares for which the people of a 
town or neighborhood subscribed. The captured vessels and cargoes 
were condemned under law, sold and the money divided in certain 
proportions among the crew of the privateer and the owners; in 
many cases a very profitable transaction. Privateering differed 



from piracy in the commissioned authority from the government, 
the bond of the owners, the restriction of privateering to the vessels 
of the enemy and the exclusion of neutrals from attack. Privateering 
practically ceased with the treaty of Paris in 1856. 

Regarding the speed of ships: In April, 1775, the schooner Quero 
of Salem was chartered by the State Congress to take the American 
version of the story of the battle of Lexington to Benjamin Franklin 
at London. The Quero left Salem on April 29 in ballast and arrived 
in England on May 28, making the passage in twenty-nine days. 
The British official dispatches were sent on the Sukey, a vessel of 
two hundred tons, loaded. She started from Boston on April 24 
and arrived in England on June 9, the Quero beating her, including 
the handicap, by seventeen days. 

Mr. Crowninshield states [E. I. Hist. Coll. XXXVII, 76] that 
the privateer America was under favorable circumstances a faster 
sailer than the modern yachts Constellation, Vigilant or Columbia. 
The America's highest speed was 13 knots, the Vigilant and Columbia 
have in spurts made 14 knots, but in long stretches the America was 
the fastest vessel; she was the fastest vessel afloat during the War 
of 1812. It is also interesting to compare Cleopatra's Barge with 
modern yachts, for she was of almost precisely the same dimensions as 
the yacht Mayflower, although her rig was as different as may possibly 
be imagined. In a moderate breeze Cleopatra's Barge made 8 knots 
and in a stiff breeze 10 or 11 knots as shown by tests made by log-line 
and glass and by a "Gould's patent log." 

The ship George of Salem made the passage from Salem to Cal- 
cutta in 89 days and from Calcutta to Salem in 95 days, which are 
thought to have been the quickest Calcutta runs to and from any 
north Atlantic port. It is stated by E. P. Collier in his "Deep Sea 
Captains of Cohasset" that Capt. Philip Fox of Cohasset in 1819 made 
the passage from Liverpool to Boston in the ship Herald in 17 days 
and in 1824, in the ship Emerald in 17 days, 3 hours; these were 
record passages for the period and were not surpassed until the clipper 
ships occasionally made the passage in 13 to 16 days. 



Examination of early log-books at the Essex Institute indicates 
that, in ordinary weather and winds, the old ships jogged along at 
about six to eight knots and in strong winds and gales at eight to ten 
knots. A record of 150 to 200 miles in twenty-four hours is a common 
day's run and from 230 to 240 miles in twenty-four hours not unusual, 
but a figure above that is rarely recorded. About 220 miles in twenty- 
four hours appears to be the average for single days in strong winds, 
while, of course, there were days and even weeks when little progress 
was made. With the clipper ships a greatly increased rate is found, — 
300; 312, and 345 miles in twenty-four hours is recorded for the Dread- 
nought. Captain Clark in "The Clipper Ship Era" says that the 
Atlantic packet ships made from 12 to 14 knots under most favorable 
conditions, making the passage from New York to Liverpool occasion- 
ally in 16 days, but they "were commanded by men who kept them 
moving night and day in all sorts of weather." The clipper ships 
of 1852 - 1855 made the New York - Liverpool passage in 13 to 15 
days under very favorable conditions. The Lightning of 2084 tons, 
built in 1854 by Donald McKay at Boston, once made "the phenomenal 
run of 436 miles in twenty-four hours, an average rate of 18K knots, 
which entitles the Lightning to the proud distinction of being the 
swiftest ship that ever sailed the seas. There was no ocean steamship 
of the day that approached her record by less than 100 miles and 
another twenty-five years passed before the Atlantic greyhound, 
the Arizona, made 18 knots for a single hour on her trial trip." The 
James Baines once made 420 miles in twenty-four hours; the Flying 
Cloud in 1851 made a run of 374 miles in twenty-four hours, "the 
fastest day's run, under steam or sail that had ever been made up 
to that time. She sailed a distance of 5912 miles, an average of 227 
miles per day." Records may be multiplied but these given are 
sufficient to illustrate the difference between the clippers and the 
old-time ships that preceeded them. 

Of the Salem owned clipper ships, the Witchcraft, William C. 
Rogers, commander, in 1851 made the passage from New York to 
San Francisco in 103 days, the next year the John Bertram, Capt. 



Frederick Lendholm, made the passage from Boston to San Francisco 
in 105 days. These passages compare quite favorably with the 
general run for there were few made in less than 100 days although 
the fastest of all were made in 89 days, once by the Andrew Jackson 
and twice by the Flying Cloud of which Capt. Josiah Perkins Creesy 
of Marblehead and Salem was the commander. 

Between 1836 and 1860 a number of Salem vessels were engaged 
in the whale fishery, including the ships Elizabeth, Sapphire, Bengal 
and the barks Reaper, Statesman and Malay. More than one - hundred 
thousand gallons of whale oil were landed in Salem in one year and 
over one hundred thousand dollars in value of sperm oil. Finally, 
however, the enterprise did not prosper and at the opening of the 
Civil War whaling from Salem ceased. Whaling was also conducted 
from Lynn but the industry ended at the time the railroad bridge 
was built across the Saugus river in 1837 which interfered with the 
landing of the cargoes. [See "The Whaling Industry," Peabody 
Museum, 1908.] 

When the railroads were built in 1838 to 1850 the centers of trade 
were changed, Boston took the commerce from Salem and to a certain 
extent in turn surrendered it to New York. Nor were the great 
ships of later years able to enter Salem harbor, as the depth of water 
did not permit it. The change had been coming, however, before 
this. William Gray had moved his commercial activities to Boston, 
and the death of Joseph Peabody in 1844 removed one of the greatest 
commercial-marine factors in the community. Changes in other 
ways affected the foreign trade and Salem in 1850 had become the 
Salem of Hawthorne's "Custom House Sketch" in his introduction 
to the "Scarlet Letter." 



The lists of paintings of vessels, rigged models, builder's half-hull 
models, portraits, etc., are arranged alphabetically under their respec- 
tive heads. The index is intended to cover other objects and matter 
in the descriptive text. Every care has been taken to make the 



references correct, altho conflicting evidence has been found regarding 
the spelling of names, dates and data of vessels. It is not possible 
to avoid some errors and disagreements among authorities may appear. 
The compiler is greatly indebted to many friends who have 
helped him gather the materials for this hand-book during the past 
twenty years; the list would reach hundreds were each one's name 
recorded, so he can only thank them in this general way, which he 
does most sincerely. To Prof. Edward S. Morse he is indebted 
for reading the manuscript; to Mr. Albert P. Morse for assistance 
in preparing the manuscript and in proof reading, and to Mr. Law- 
rence W. Jenkins for his kindness in looking up many references 
and, especially, for his great assistance in putting the volume thru 
the press. The publication of the hand-book and its copious illus- 
tration is made possible thru the generosity of Mr. Richard Wheat- 
land, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Peabody Museum. 

John Robinson. 
Salem, April, 1921. 



13 




S E 



OIL AND WATER-COLOR PAINTINGS OF 
MERCHANT VESSELS 



The water-color paintings are usually about 26 x 18 inches, the 
oils a little larger, unless otherwise stated. 

Abaellino, hermaphrodite brig, privateer, built by James Ford 
at Medford, Mass. for John Lee, Jr., of Boston, 1814, 145 
tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of an original water-color painting 
by George Ropes of Salem, inscribed, — "Abaellino Escaping 
from H. B. M. Brig Paulina off Sicily, March 4, 1815." 

Abbot Lawrence, ship, of San Francisco, built by Donald McKay 
at Boston, 1855, 1516 tons. 

Painting on a large porcelain cup. 

Aerial, brigantine, of Salem, built at Baltimore, 1844, 161 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of an original paint- 
ing in oil. 

Alfred, ship, of Salem, built by David Magoun at Salem, 1805, 
260 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of an original water-color painting 
inscribed, — "Alfred, Joseph Felt Master going out of Mar- 
seilles October 6, 1806" and signed, — "Nicolai Carmillieri 
1807." The Alfred was altered to 217 tons for a privateer 
in 1812, mounted 16 guns, and carried 100 men; she was 
captured by the British in 1814. Referred to incorrectly 
as a brig by Maclay, American Privateers, p. 411. 

15 



America (3d), ship, of Salem, built in France, 654 tons. 

Water-color painting about 1799, inscribed, — "America 
Commanded by Capt. Webb" and signed, — "M. C[orne] 
P[inxit] in Salem." Originally the ship Blonde of the French 
Navy, purchased by the Crowninshields in 1798 and sold 
back to the French Navy in 1802. No other vessel so large 
as this was owned in Salem until 1839. 

America (4th), ship, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at Salem 
in 1804, 473 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of water-color by Anton Roux 
at Marseilles in 1806, showing the America as a merchantman. 

America (4th), cut down and altered to 331 tons in 1812 and as 
a privateer, mounted 16 guns and carried 110 men. 

Oil painting inscribed, — " America in chase of His B. M. 
Packet Princess Elizabeth" and signed, — "George Ropes 
1815." C. Also, an oil painting, probably by George Ropes, 
similar to the last but larger, possibly made for a fire-board, 
inscribed, — "America Salem." f[ Also, in large painting 
of Crowninshield's Wharf by George Ropes in 1806. C Also, 
a fine, full rigged contemporary model, two feet long, with 
"America" on the stern. 

Ann Maria, ship, of Salem, built at Essex, Mass., 1843, 489 tons. 
Oil painting by a Chinese artist. 

Active, brig, of Salem, built at Ipswich, Mass., 1822, 211 tons. 
Altered to a bark 1833. 

Pencil sketch inscribed, — "Bark Active at Loanda," from 
a personal memorandum book of Capt. John Phillips. 

Arabia, ship, of Boston, built at Kennebunk, Maine, 1863, 1034 
tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of a painting on a cup by C. Kap- 
panf, Hamburg. 

16 




TOPSAIL SCHOONER "BALTICK" OF SALEM, 1765 
The earliest picture cf a Salem vessel. 




SHIP -AMERICA" [3d] OF SALEM 
The largest Salem-owned vessel until 1839. Painting by M. F. Corne. 1799. 



The Arabia was commanded by Capt. Thomas Fuller of 
Salem. A ship Arabia was built at Brunswick, Maine, 1852, 
1273 tons. 

Araeomedes, schooner, pilot boat, of Salem, built by Ladd and Piper 
; at Newburyport, 1854. 

Pencil drawing, 1854, probably by Henry Whipple. 

Arbella, ship, of Salem, built at Bath, Maine, 1825, 404 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting 
done at Copenhagen showing the vessel passing Elsinore Castle. 

Areatus, ship, of Boston, built at Bristol, Maine, 1837, 548 tons. 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist inscribed, — "Areatus, 
C. D. Mugford, arriving at Whampoa, March 8, 1845." 
CL Also, a water-color sketch by Capt. Mugford inscribed, — 
"Ship Areatus in a Typhon at Laguimanoc" [Luzon, Phil- 
ippines]. Abandoned at sea in sinking condition, June 29, 
1850. 

Aurelia, bark, of Boston, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, 
Mass., 1833. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Aurelia of Boston" and 
signed, — "Felice Polli, Triest." The Aurelia was com- 
manded by Capt. Jones Very of Salem. 

Aurora, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, 1853, 1396 
tons. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist. f[ Also, builder's 
half-hull model. 

Aurora, sloop yacht. 

Small oil painting by W. P. Parker. Owned as Rambler 
by Henry W. Peabody of Salem; sold, 1879, to W. P. Parker, 
William Perry and Edw. S. Weston and renamed Aurora. 

17 



Australia, ship, of Salem, built by Hayden and Cudworth at Med- 
ford, Mass., 1849, 534 tons. It cost Stone, Silsbee & Pickman 
of Salem $38,500. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Australia of Salem, 
Nathl. J. Kinsman Commander, entering the New Harbor of 
Marseilles, June, 1857." d Also, builder's half-hull model. 

Baltick, topsail schooner, of Salem, 1765, owned and commanded 
by Capt. Edward Allen. [See Painted Portraits.] 

Three water-color paintings inscribed, — "This shews the 
schooner Baltick coming out of St. Eustacia y e 16th. of 
Nov. 1765". CAlso, a copy of this by Ross Turner, 1893. 
H "This shews the schooner Baltick in distress in 6 fathoms 
of Water at Nantucket Sholes with everything wash'd of the 
Decks & Two men Drounded y e 19th. of Dec." [1765]. 
t[ "This shews the schooner Baltick On the Middle Ground 
going into Cape Fare in a Very hard Gale of Wind with the 
Pilot boat beating out to Her. Feb'y 16th. 1766." These are 
the oldest pictures known to exist of any Salem ship. 

Belisarius, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1794, 
261 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting 
by M. Come. The Belisarius was owned by the Crownin- 
shields and on her first voyage in 1794 was commanded by 
George Crowninshield, Jr., later the owner of the yacht Cleo- 
patra's Barge. She was afterwards commanded by Benj. 
Crowninshield who was captain of the Barge in her voyage to 
the Mediterranean in 1817. 

Benjamin Howard, ship, built at Camden, Maine, 1857, 650 tons. 
Oil painting by a Chinese artist, about 1860. 

Bonetta, ship, of Salem, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1800, 227 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color inscribed, — 
"Ship Bonetta of Salem departing from Leghorn." 

18 




SHIP ■■CHARLEMAGNE" OF NEW YORK. ADDISON RICHARDSON, MASTER 
Painting by Frederic Roux, 1828. 




SHIP "CYGNET" OF SALEM, 1822 
Painting by Anton Roux. Jr., 1824 



Borneo, ship, of Salem, built by Jenks and Hoyt at Salem, 1831, 297 
tons. Purchased by Silsbee, Pickman & Stone of Salem, 
1847, for $9,000. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Borneo of Salem, 
Captain B. R. Peabody." Altered to a bark; abandoned in 
the North Atlantic, Jan. 1, 1854. 

Brenda, topsail schooner, of Boston, built by George Raynes at 
Portsmouth, N. H., 1851, 300 tons. 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa. An "opium 
clipper," owned by J. M. Forbes and others. Said to have 
gone out with a peculiar rig which was altered after reaching 
China. 



Brookline, ship, of Salem, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, 
Mass., 1831, 349 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting. 
The Brookline became a whaler and was broken up at Buenos 
Ayres in 1861. 

Brutus, ship, of Salem [with Volusia and Ulysses 1st]; built by Retire 
Becket at Salem, 1797, 303 tons. 

Three' oil paintings by M. Corne, with long inscriptions, 
showing the vessels sailing from Salem, Feb. 22, 1802, and 
being wrecked on Cape Cod the following night. [See Volusia 
and Ulysses.] 

Buck, brig, of Salem, built at Bucksport, Maine, 1822, 217 tons. 
Water-color sketch. 

Cadmus, ship, of Boston, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, 
Mass., 1816. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Cadmus. Captn. Samuel 
Ives" and signed, — "Ant. Roux a Marseille, 1822." 

19 



Cambrian, brig, of Salem, built at Salem, 1818, 196 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting 
inscribed, — "Cambrian" and signed, — "Frederic Roux a 
Marseille 1826." 



Camel, brig, of Salem, 117 tons. Captured from the British in the 
War of 1812. 

Oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, Mass., 1919, 
based on the full rigged model by Daniel C. Becket in the 
collection. 

Catherine, bark, of Salem, built at Cohasset, 1840, 226 tons. 

Ten small, carefully drawn pencil sketches in circles, by 
John Reed, showing incidents of a passage of the bark from 
Loanda to the United States. 

Carthage, ship, of Salem, built by Jenks and Hoyt at Salem, 1837, 
426 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil 
by Clement Drew of Boston, 1844. 

Centurion, brig, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1822, 205 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Brig Centurion of Salem, 
Aaron Williams Master, passing Elsinore Castle, March 27, 
1825, towards Copenhagen." 

Chalcedony, bark, of Salem, built by George Fuller at Medford, Mass., 
1825, 214 tons. 

Oil painting by Benjamin F. West of Salem. 

Charlemagne, ship, of New York, built 1828. 

Three water-color paintings: <[ under full sail inscribed, — 
"Charlemagne Captn. Richardson" and signed, — "Frederic 
Roux a Paris en 1828." ([in a gale, — "Charlemagne, 




YACHT -CLEOPATRA'S BARGE'' OF SALEM. 1S1H 
Painting by A. Vittaluga, 1817. 



A 



fe 




BARK "ELIZA" OF SALEM. 1823 

Sailed for California with a party of gold -seekers, December, 1848. 

Painting by Benjamin F.^West. 



Capt. Addison Richardson, April 11, 1836" and signed, — 
"Frederic Roux a Havre 1836." C dismasted, — "Charle- 
magne, Captn. A. Richardson, January 8, 1838" and signed, — 
"Frederic Roux a Havre 1838." The back of each painting 
is inscribed, — "Frederic Roux hydrographe & peintre de 
Marine pitit quai Notre Dame, No. 13, Havre en 1828", "1836" 
and "1838" respectively. These paintings, together with 
several nautical instruments and other souvenirs and docu- 
ments were given the Peabody Museum as a memorial of her 
husband, Edward Richardson, Esq., son of Captain Addison 
Richardson, by Mrs. Kate S. Richardson of New York City. 
Captain Addison Richardson was born in Salem, the son of 
Captain William Richardson, a founder of the Salem East India 
Marine Society in 1799. 

Charlotte, ship. (A ship Charlotte, 390 tons, was built at Ports- 
mouth, N. H. in 1832, and another at Medford, 1837, of 
541 tons.) 

Oil painting about 1840. 

China, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1816, 370 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson after original water-color painting 
inscribed, — "China of Salem Hiram Putnam [Master]" and 
signed, — "Gueissippi." 

Clarissa, ship, of Boston. 

Water-color painting signed, — "Jan Mooy, 1822." "Clar- 
issa Boston" on the stern. C. Also, another signed, — "J. Mooy, 
1818," and inscribed, — "Henry King Commander," varnished 
and discolored. Capt. Henry King was of Salem. 



Claudius, ship, of Boston, built by P. and J. O. Curtis at Medford, 
Mass., 1836. 

Water-color painting, small, with the sails cut from card- 
board, a very unusual method. "Claudius" on bow. The 
Claudius was commanded by Capt. John J. Scobie of Salem. 



Cleopatra's Barge, hermaphrodite brig, [yacht], of Salem, built 
by Retire Becket at Salem for George Crowninshield, 1816, 
191 tons. 

Two water-color paintings: f[ starboard side painted in 
stripes, inscribed, — "Tire del original par A. Vittaluga T. 
dis. et peintre a Genoa"; C. port side painted in herringbone 
pattern, — "Delline par Antoine Vittaluga Tungen peintre a 
Tire del original." Both paintings inscribed, — "Cleopatra's 
Barge of Salem." [For account of this famous yacht see under 
Crowninshield, B. W. and F. B. in References.] 

In the summer of 1916 a special loan exhibition was held at the Peabody Muse- 
um celebrating the 100th anniversary of the building of the Cleopatra's Barge in Salem. 
A marvellous collection of relics was brought together. — portraits, miniatures, docu- 
ments, jewelry, silverware, souvenirs of the Mediterranean voyage in 1817 and ship 
paintings, an illustrated catalog of which was printed. Many of the relics remain 
in the museum collection including paintings of the vessel, sea journals, Capt. George 
Crowninshield 's cane, Napoleon's boots, official documents of the voyage, etc. 

Congress, ship, of Boston, built at Belfast, Maine, 1859, 979 tons. 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa, with other 
vessels. 

Coromandel, brig, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1810, 
315 tons. 

A small, contemporary water-color painting. 

Cynthia, bark, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1833, 374 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil by 
Sunqua, a Chinese artist at Lintin, 1838. €[ Also, builder's 
half-hull model. 



Cygnet, brig, of Salem, built at Salem, 1822, 215 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Cygnet of Salem, Samuel 
Kennedy Commander" and signed, — "Anthony Roux, the 
Son, at Marseilles, 1824." This is the only instance of a 
Roux painting in the collection signed by the artist in English. 




SHIP "ELIZA ADAMS" OF NEW BEDFORD, 1B53 
"Cutting in a Whale." Painting by C. S. Raleigh. 




U. S. FRIGATE "ESSEX" 1799 
The largest vessel ever built in Salem. Painting by Joseph Howard. 



Derby, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, 1855, 1062 
tons. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist. C. Also, builder's 
half-hull model. The Sumatra of Salem was built from the 
same model. 



Diomede, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at 
Salem, 1809, 223 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of a water-color painting by George 
Lee from original in a log-book. 

Dragon, bark, of Salem, built at Newbury, Mass., 1850, 289 tons. 

Oil painting probably by Benjamin F. West of Salem. 
(I Also, another oil painting by a Chinese artist. The Dragon, 
Capt. Thomas C. Dunn, owned by Benjamin A. West, 1858, 
was the last vessel to enter Salem from Manila. 

Eben Preble, ship. 

Water-color painting, 10 x 7 inches, probably by Eustis 
Bacon, in a log book of a voyage of the ship, "Franklin Hallet, 
Master, Boston to Manila, July 21, 1840, to August 23, 1841, 
kept by Eustis Bacon." 

Edward Koppisch, bark, of Salem, built at Newbury Mass., 1845, 
249 tons. 

Oil painting by Benjamin F. West of Salem, about 1854. 

Eliza, ship, of Salem, built 1817, 262 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Eliza of Salem, 
William Osgood Master, going out of Leghorn to Indie 1829." 
C. Also, copy by M. Macpherson of a different painting. 
C Also, two oil paintings on boards, about 1830. C Also, 
an oil painting of, — "The distressed situation of the ship 
Eliza in a typhoon in the Gulph of Japan." This painting is 

23 



dark and its identification with the Salem vessel is doubtful. 
The Eliza was altered to a bark and became a whaler in 1838. 

Eliza, bark, of Salem, built at Salem, 1823, 240 tons. 

Oil painting, probably by Benjamin F. West of Salem, 
inscribed, — "Eliza Salem." C Also, a copy in water-color 
by Ross Turner, 1893. C Also, a pencil sketch with flags 
in colors. This vessel took a party of adventurers from 
Salem to California, sailing in December, 1848. 

Eliza Adams, ship, whaler, of New Bedford, built at Fairhaven, 
1835, 403 tons. 

Large oil painting showing the ship cutting in a whale, 
signed, — "C. S. Raleigh." 

Eliza Ann, ship, of Salem, built at Baltimore, 1835, 370 tons. Pur- 
chased by Stone, Silsbee & Pickman of Salem, 1840, for 
$18,000. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Eliza Ann of Salem, 
A. A. Burwell Master, entering Havre, 1838." C. Also, oil 
painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa, depicting the res- 
cue of the crew of a wrecked Chinese junk, November, 1845. 
C Also, small oil painting signed, — "E. A. Taylor, 1844." 

Elizabeth, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Essex, Mass., 
1842, 185 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Elizabeth of Salem Com- 
manded by Peter Lassen entering Malta Harbor, Nov. 12, 
1862." The Elizabeth was rebuilt in Salem, 1859. 

Elizabeth, ship, of Salem, built at Boston, 1827, 397 tons. 

Water-color painting by M. Macpherson from original 
engraved on a whale's tooth. A whaler, 1836 - 1848. She 
sailed from Salem April 3, 1849, taking a party of gold-seekers 
to California and was sold there. 



24 



Emerald, ship, of Salem, built by Elijah Briggs at Salem, 1823, 271 
tons. Altered to a bark in 1826 and became a whaler. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of an oil painting 
by George M. White. 



Empress-of-the-Seas, clipper ship, of Baltimore, built by Donald 
McKay at Boston, 1853, 2200 tons. 

Pencil drawing by Charles E. Bateman. C Also, another 
drawing by him but not marked. 



Emigrant, ship. 

In a large oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa, 
about 1855 - 1860, with ship Troubadour. These ships were 
fitted for carrying coolies to Chile. 



Erin, ship, of Salem, built at New York, 1810, 270 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — " Montardier du Havre"; 
"Erin of Salem" on stern. 



Essex, U. S. frigate, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, on Winter Island, 
1799, 860 tons. 

Water-color painting, signed at top, — "Frigate Essex of 
32 [guns] Joseph Howard." C Also, a carefully drawn water- 
color sketch on paper water-marked 1804. C. Also, an oil 
painting by George Ropes of Salem, 1815, representing the 
capture of the Essex at Valparaiso, 1814. The Essex was the 
largest ship ever built in Salem. [For accounts of the Essex, 
see Preble and Streeter in References.] 



Eunice, brig, of Salem, built at Barnstable, 1803, 145 tons. 

Water-color painting, an undoubted replica of another, 
privately owned, signed, — "Antne Roux a Marseille, 1806," 
representing a vessel, surrounded by barrel-like planking, 

25 



being rolled into the water. A family tradition says that it 
represents the Eunice undergoing repairs at St. Paul Island 
in the Indian Ocean, which, however, took place in 1817. 
The two paintings vary slightly as would be the case where 
an artist duplicated his own work. The paintings are very 
interesting and unexplained. C. Also, copy by M. Macpherson 
of the signed painting. The painting owned by the museum is 
not signed. 

Excelsior, schooner, built by Ladd and Piper at Newburyport, 1848. 

Two similar oil paintings, each inscribed, — "Excelsior 
Salem." The Excelsior was for a long time the Custom House 
and Pilot boat at Salem. The tiller of the Excelsior is in the 
Marine Room collection. 

Experiment, brigantine, of Newburyport, built at Amesbury, Mass., 
1803, 114 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Brig Experiment of New- 
bury Port Capt. Joseph Browon [Brown] Goingout of Mar- 
seilles" and signed, — "Nicolay Carmillieri, 1807." 

Fame, ship, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at Salem, 1802, 363 
tons. 

Large oil painting [at Essex Institute] by George Ropes of 
Salem, 1802, showing the launching of the ship. C Also, 
shown in the large painting by George Ropes, 1806, of Crownin- 
shield's Wharf, a copy of which by M. Macpherson is in the 
Marine Room collection. 

Fame, topsail schooner, of Salem, built at Ipswich, Mass., 1795, 62 
tons. 

Oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, Mass., 1920, 
from original water-color painting inscribed, — "Fame of 
Salem" with "T. A." in circle and signed "William Ward 
Delin Anno 1800." A most interesting rig; also showing 
crew wearing tall hats and their hair done up in queues. There 
was another schooner Fame of 87 tons but not registered in 
Salem until 1804. 

26 




BRIGANTINE "EXPERIMENT" OF NEWBURYPORT 
Painting by Nicolai Carmiliieri, Marsi-illc-s. 1807. 




BRIG "EUNICE" OF SALEM AT ST. PAUL'S ISLAND, INDIAN OCEAN 
Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1806. 



Fanny, ship, of Salem, built at Freeport, Maine, 1796, 150 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting 
inscribed, — "The Fanny of Salem Commanded by Capt. 
Kinsman" and signed, — "M. Qorne]. P[inxit]. 1801." 
C. Also, an oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, 1919, 
from original painting. The Fanny was a privateer in 1799 
mounting ten guns, and again in the War of 1812. 

Formosa, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Boston, 1868, 1252 
tons. It cost Pickman, Silsbee & Allen of Salem $113,350.84. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist, d Also, a 
smaller oil painting. The Formosa was lost on the coast of 
Java in 1880. 

Francis, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1807, 279 
tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Francis of Salem, 
A Haraden Master" and signed, — "Anton Roux a Marseille, 
1816." The Francis was seized at Naples in 1810 and bought 
back from the Neapolitan government by the American Consul 
to bring home the crews of confiscated American vessels. She 
arrived in Salem in August, 1810, with 214 persons on board, 
many of whom belonged in Salem. The value of Salem vessels 
and cargoes confiscated at Naples at the time reached the large 
sum of $783,000. 

Franklin, ship, of Boston. 

Water-color by M. Macpherson, copy of original inscribed, — 
"Sch'p Francklin" and, on the back in pencil in the handwriting 
of Joseph Linton Waters of Salem, — "Ship Franklin, James 
Devereux, Commander, of Salem, Massachusetts, was char- 
tered by the Dutch East India Company at Batavia for a 
voyage to Japan in 1798 [1799], being the first American ship 
and American Captain which ever entered a Japanese port. 
[This last statement is incorrect as recent investigation shows; 
see below.] This picture was painted in Japan by a Dutch 
artist. 8 Pleasant St., Salem, April 12, 1878." It seems, 

27 



however, that "Captain Kendrick of the sloop Lady Washing- 
ton, which accompanied the ship Columbia as far as China on 
her first voyage around the world and remained in eastern 
waters, entered a harbor of Japan in 1791 and displayed the 
American flag there. His endeavor to trade with the Japanese 
was unsuccessful." [Hoskin's Narrative (manuscript), Mass. 
Hist. Soc; letter S. E. Morison, 1920.] The ship Eliza of 
New York, Capt. Stuart (?) was chartered at Batavia by the 
Dutch East India Company in 1797 for the annual trading 
voyage to Japan and ran ashore in Nagasaki harbor, November 
17, 1798. "Fortunately she was refloated by the help of 
hundreds of flshersboats, which were thanked by the Captain 
with the present of twenty bags of sugar on board." [Com- 
munication of Prof. H. Yamasaki thru Leland H. Cole, Esq., 
accompanied by a photograph of a contemporary painting 
by Yushi Ishizaki of the rescue of the Eliza, together with 
photographs of other Japanese paintings and charts showing 
American and Dutch vessels in Nagasaki harbor in 1802 and 
earlier.] The ship Massachusetts of Boston was chartered by 
the D. E. I. Co. for the Japanese trading voyage in 1800, 
William Cleveland of Salem being the clerk; the ship Margaret 
of Salem, Captain Samuel Derby, was chartered in 1801. An 
admirable account of these early voyages to Japan, together 
with extracts from William Cleveland's journal, the original 
of which is in the Marine Room collection, will be found in 
y Ralph D. Paine' s Ships and Sailors of Old Salem, pp. 330- 
375. There were two ships Franklin each in turn commanded 
by Captain James Devereux of Salem. The Salem Ship 
Register assigns the picture to the Salem ship which, however, 
was not built until 1800. 

Frederick Billings, four-masted bark, built by Carleton Norwood 
& Co. at Rockport, Maine, 1855, 2497 tons. 

Large oil painting signed, — "F. A. Morse," showing the 
bark leaving Havre, 1885. 

Fredonia, ship, of Newburyport, built at Newbury, Mass., 1827, 
406 tons. 

28 



Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Fredonia of New- 
bury port, George Lunt, Master, enterin Havre, Jany. 27, 
1830." 

Friendship, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1797, 342 
tons. 

Water-color painting of early date. C. Also, copy of it by 
Ross Turner, 1893. d Also, another water-color signed, — 
"W. Ward, 1799." C. Also, a full-rigged model, nine feet long 
and as high, made in 1803, [See Rigged Models]. The Friend- 
ship was captured by the British in the War of 1812. 

Friendship (2d), ship, of Salem, built at Portland, Maine, 1815, 366 
tons. 

Painting in colors on a plate by a Chinese artist at Canton 
about 1820. While at Quallah Battoo on the Sumatra coast, 
February 7, 1831, the Friendship was attacked by Malays, five 
men killed and the ship captured. Later, with help from other 
vessels, she was recaptured and returned to Salem. On receiving 
information of the event, the U. S. government sent out the 
frigate Potomac and punishment was accorded the Malays by 
the destruction of Quallah Battoo. [See E. I. Hist. Coll., I, 
p. 15. Reynolds, Journal of a Voyage around the World, Chaps. 
VI -VIII, with picture of the destruction of Quallah Battoo.] 
The Friendship was sold in 1831 to Fairhaven owners and 
became a whaler. 

Garland, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Baltimore, 1847, 
148 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil 
by a Chinese artist. C. Also, one in oil showing the brig in 
a gale. 



Gazelle, brig, of Salem, built at Charlestown, Mass., 1826, 197 tons. 

Copy in water-color of original in oil by Benjamin F. 
West of Salem. 



29 



General Meade, U. S. transport (formerly S. S. City of Berlin). 

Large water-color painting by Ross Turner showing the 
embarkation of the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment at Matan- 
zas, Cuba, on its return to the United States, April, 1899. 

George, ship, of Salem, built at Salem, 1814, 328 tons. 

Five water-color paintings by Edmund Stone, a member 
of the ship's crew. One is inscribed "American ship George 
leaving Sand Heads, Calcutta, bound to Salem, December 28, 
1820"; pilot brigs Flora, Eliza, Sea-Horse and Philip at 
right, the bow of the English ship Partridge at left. d. Another, 
similar, but without inscription. CL Another, showing the 
George off Baker's Island, Salem. C. Another, probably 
passing out of Salem harbor, d Also, copy of an original 
owned by George H. Allen. The George was built by an asso- 
ciation of ship-carpenters thrown out of work by the War of 
1812 and was intended for a privateer, but the war ending 
she was sold to Joseph Peabody for the merchant service. 
The George was one of the most famous vessels in the Salem 
merchant service. Between 1815 and 1837 she made twenty- 
one voyages to Calcutta with the regularity of a packet ship 
and some idea may be formed of the character of the men 
who made up her crew when, of those who began service in 
the George as boys, thirty-five became ship-masters, twenty 
chief mates and six second mates. 

George, schooner, of Salem, built at Prospect, Maine, 1831, 68 tons. 
Small oil painting by William Henry Luscomb of Salem. 

Glide, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1811, 306 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting 
inscribed, — "Glide Salem" and signed, — "Anton Roux fils 
aine a Marseille 1823". C,Also, copy of original in oil 
inscribed, — "Painted by G. Ropes [of Salem] 1812." 
The ship Glide was lost at the Fiji Islands in 1832. There is 
in the collection a manuscript journal kept by William Endi- 
cott, third officer of the ship, from 1829 until 1832. 

30 




SHIP -HERCULES" OF SALEM 
Painted at Naples, 1809. 




VttJUh L,fi. ,1-Una - 'XarJa/L . 



BRIG "GRAND TURK" OF SALEM SALUTING MARSEILLES 
Painting by Anton Roux, 1815. 



Glide, bark, of Salem, built by E. F. Miller at Salem, 1861, 595 tons. 

Large oil painting by W. P. Stubbs of Boston. «. Also, 
builder's half-hull model. The last vessel to enter Salem from 
beyond Cape of Good Hope, May 1, 1870. 

Golden West, ship, built by Paul Curtis at Boston, 1852, 1443 tons. 

Large oil painting signed, — "Smith, 1857," with steamboat 
Ceres and pilot boat 11. C. Also, builder's half-hull model. 
The Golden West was commanded by Capt. Samuel R. Curwen 
of Salem. 



Governor Endicott, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 
1819, 297 tons. Altered to a brig in 1823 and again to a bark 
in 1836. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Brig Governor Endi- 
cott of Salem, Harvey C. Mackay Commander off the Port 
of Leghorn." 

Grand Turk, ship, of Salem, built on the South Shore, Mass., for a 
privateer, 1781, 300 tons. 

Painting on the sides and in the center of a large porcelain 
punch-bowl brought from Canton, China, by the ship, inscribed, 
— "Ship Grand Turk at Canton, 1786." The Grand Turk was 
the first New England ship in China. Undoubtedly this 
painting was copied by the Chinese artist from the engraved 
frontispiece of Hutchinson's Naval Architecture first published 
in London in 1777, or from some engraving from which this 
frontispiece was taken, illustrating the ship Hall, a typical 
ship of the period, with all sails set; the American flag shown 
in the painting on the bowl being added by the artist. A 
reduced reproduction of the Hutchinson illustration appears 
in Ships, Sea Songs and Shanties by W. B. Whall, Glasgow, 
1913, as the "English West Indiaman Hall of 1783." [See 
also, Chatterton, Ships and Ways of Other Days, p. 264.] 
The Grand Turk was a successful privateer in the American 
Revolution, owned by Elias Hasket Derby and commanded 

3i 



by Thomas Simmons and Joseph Pratt. She mounted twenty- 
eight guns and carried 140 men. [See Salem Ship Register 
for full account of the ships by the name of Grand Turk.] So 
far as known there is no picture of Mr. Derby's "great ship," 
Grand Turk, built in Salem in 1791. 

Grand Turk, brig, of Salem, privateer, built at Wiscasset, Maine, 
1812, 309 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Letter of Marque Brig 
Grand Turk, 14 guns, William Austin Commander, Saluting 
Marseilles, 1815" and signed, — "Anton Roux a Marseille, 
1815." This is a beautiful example of Anton Roux's work; 
it is in perfect condition, never having been exposed to strong 
light; it is also unusually pictorial among ship paintings of 
the period. 

Grotius, ship, of Salem, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1829, 229 tons. 

Small pen and ink sketch by Augustus D. Rogers, son of one 
of the owners of the ship. 

Hamilton, bark, of Salem, built at Camden, Maine, 1846, 275 tons. 

Oil painting inscribed, — "Barque Hamilton, Captn. Charles 
Gill enterin Smyrna Mai 6, 1849" and signed, — "Raffael 
Corzini." At the left, beneath a row boat is, — "Peter Issa- 
verdens." 

Hamilton, brig, of Salem, built by Cushing O. and Henry Briggs at 
Scituate, Mass., 1830, 164 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of an original in oil 
by William Henry Luscomb of Salem about 1840. 

Harvey Birch, ship, of New York, built by Irons and Grinnell at 
Mystic, Conn., 1854, 1482 tons. 

Oil painting of the capture and burning of the ship by C. S. A. 
Nashville. Painted by D. McFarlane, 1864. Capt. William 
H. Nelson of Salem was commander of the Harvey Birch. 



32 




CLIPPER SHIP "JOHN BERTRAM" OF SALEM, 1851 









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P"\ 












■ 




JRJKIF 


\\\ ^\ 


'"'*■■ ■ zssi 




jjj^jjT^SEB 


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CssiS 


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TOPSAIL SCHOONER "H. H. COLE" OF SALEM. 1843 
Painting by Clement Drew. 



Hazard, ship, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at Salem, 1799, 325 
tons. 

Water-color painting showing the starboard side inscribed, — 
"Ship Hazard of Salem" and signed, — "Michele Come pinxit 
in Salem 1802." C Also, one showing the port side inscribed, 
— "Hazard of Salem" and signed, — "M. Corne p[inxit], 
1805." <[ Also, one on metal in oil similar to the last and 
evidently an early painting. During the difficulties with 
France in 1799 the Hazard carried 10 guns. 

Henry Tuke, ship, of Salem, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, 
Mass., 1824, 365 tons. 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa. 



Herald, brig, of Salem, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1832, 162 tons. 

Oil painting showing the brig at Dixcove, Gold Coast, Africa . 

Hercules, ship, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1805, 290 tons. 

Large water-color painting inscribed, — "Hercules, ship of 
Salem, Capt. Edward West passing the Mole Head of Naples, 
coming to Ancor 13th Sept. 1809." Unfortunately this fine 
and interesting painting is not signed. C. Also, copy by 
M. Macpherson of an original inscribed, — "Ship Hercules of 
Salem laying to in a heavy gale in the Baltic, Nov. 6, 1825" 
and signed, — "T. P. fecit." The Hercules was seized at 
Naples in 1809, the date of the larger painting, but was later 
released to take Lucien Bonaparte and his family to the United 
States, his sister Caroline's husband, Murat, king of Naples, 
furnishing the means. They left Naples on the Hercules 
August 5, 1810, but through misadventure were intercepted 
by the British cruiser Pomona and taken to Malta. Although 
Lucien Bonaparte did not reach the United States the Hercules 
thus escaped confiscation. The Hercules finally became a 
whaler and was lost in the Pacific in 1847 after forty-two years 
of successful voyages. 

33 



H. H. Cole, topsail schooner, of Salem, built at Baltimore, 1843, 
98 tons. 

Oil painting by Clement Drew of Boston. 

Highlander, ship, of Salem, built by Samuel Hall at Boston, 1868, 
1352 tons. Purchased by Benjamin W. Stone & Brothers, 
1869, for $100,000. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist at Hong Kong. 

Horace, ship, of Salem, built at Durham, N. H, 1800, 382 tons. 

Water-color sketch by M. Macpherson from original in ship's 
log-book. 

Howard, ship, of Salem, built at Kittery, Maine, 1801, 290 tons. 
Owned by William Gray of Salem, but registered in Boston. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Howard of Salem 
coming into the Port of Naples 1804." [See William Gray 
of Salem by Edward Gray, p. 104.] 

Hygieia, ship, formerly American ship Daniel Webster of New York, 
built by Donald McKay at Boston, 1850, 1187 tons. 

In large oil painting by a Chinese artist showing the Hygieia 
with others at Whampoa, China, housed-in for a store-ship. 

Indus, brig, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1818, 263 tons. 

Oil painting inscribed, — "Brig Indus of Salem wrecked 
on the Moy Island the 14th of October, 1829, in the morning." 
The Ship Register says, — "Island of Bornholm, on a voyage 
to St. Petersburg." 

Iris, ship, of Salem, built at Kennebunk, Maine, 1797, 227 tons. 

Three water-color paintings showing the ship entering the 
port of Naples, at anchor, and passing out under full sail. These 
paintings are not signed but must have been made in 1806 
as the Iris was at Naples that year. 

34 




YACHT "LOUISA" 
Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1816. 




SHIP "MARGARET" OF SALEM 
Painting by M. F. Corne, 1802. 



John, ketch, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1795, altered 
to a ship, 1799, 258 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "The Ship John of Salem 
1803" and signed, — "Michele Come pinxit in Salem." The 
John was a privateer in the War of 1812 with a crew of 160 
men and mounted 16 guns. 



John Bertram, ship, of Salem, built by R. E. Jackson at Boston, 
1851, 1060 tons. 

Large oil painting. <T, Also, copy in water-color by Ross 
Turner, 1893. The John Bertram was an extreme clipper, 
180 feet long, 37 feet in breadth and 20 feet deep, was built 
in ninety days and in 1852 made the passage from Boston to 
San Francisco in 105 days. 



John H. Millay, bark, of Salem, built at Bowdoinham, Maine, 1848, 
248 tons. 

Two water-color paintings with the name inscribed on the 
vessel. 



John Tucker, ship, of Salem, built at Boston, 1857, 989 tons. 
Oil painting by a Chinese artist. 



Joseph Peabody, brig, of Salem, built at Hingham, Mass., 1833, 
224 tons. 

Water-color sketch by M. Macpherson from original in a 
log-book. 



Josiah Bradlee, ship, of Boston, built by Foster & Taylor at Med- 
ford, Mass., 1849, 648 tons. 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist. 
35 



Julian, ship, of New Bedford, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1828, 356 tons. 

With the bark Richard of Salem, in large oil painting of 
whaling scene. Built by Foster & Co. at the Wanton ship- 
yard, Scituate, Mass. [See Briggs, Shipbuilding on the North 
River, Plymouth Co., Mass., p. 236.] 



Julius, ship. 

In oil painting by Evans & Arnold at New Orleans, 1850 
with ship Shirley of Salem both in tow of tug Panther. 

Lady Sarah, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Matthews County, 
Va., 1825, 106 tons. 

Oil painting. Referred to as a schooner in Salem Ship 
Register. 

La Grange, bark, of Salem, built at Portsmouth, N. H., 1835, 259 
tons. 

A small pencil sketch by William Henry Luscomb of Salem. 
C. Also, full rigged model made by Dr. Levi Saunders of Glou- 
cester, a member of the party of gold-seekers who sailed from 
Salem in the La Grange for California, 1849. C^ Also, sketch in 
pencil and ink by H. A. Tuttle of Salem, one of the passengers 
to California, inscribed, — "Position of the La Grange in pass- 
ing Cape Horn, the 4th. of July, 1849." and signed "H. Tuttle." 
From a log book at the Essex Institute. 

Lantao, ship, of Boston, built by Samuel Hall at East Boston, 1849, 
593 tons. 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa, about 1850. 
Sailed from Caldera, Chili, Oct. 26, 1856 and was never heard 
from afterwards. 

Laura, brig, of Salem, built at Salem, 1818, 201 tons. 

Two similar water-color paintings probably made at Palermo. 

36 







% J* 



"A 











Leander, brig, of Salem, built by Benjamin Hawkes at Salem, 1821, 
223 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Leander of Salem, James 
Silver Master, Smyrna, Jany. 1830" and signed, — "E. Car- 
miletti." A duty of $92,392 was paid at the Salem Custom 
House on a cargo brought to Salem by the Leander in 1826, 
the largest sum paid on a. single cargo to that date. [See 
Osgood and Batchelder, Sketch of Salem, p. 134.] 

Levant, ship, of Boston, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, 
Mass.. 1835. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of an original water-color painting 
showing the ships Levant and Milo at Lintin, China. These 
vessels were owned by Russell & Co. of Boston about 1840. 
[See Milo.} 

Liverpool, ship, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, Mass., 
1830, 450 tons. 

Oil painting by Robert Salmon about 1837. Signals dis- 
played, — "M. S." and "A. C. H. London," Boston and 
Liverpool packet line. [See Bradlee, E. I. Hist. Coll. Jan. 1920.] 

Lombard, ship. 

Small pencil sketch by George F. Morse at Portland, Maine, 
harbor, 1858. 

Lotos, ship, of Salem, built by Elijah Briggs at Salem, 1828, 296 tons. 
Oil painting, possibly by Benjamin F. West of Salem. 

Louisa, ship-rigged yacht. 

Water-color sketch in Anton Roux album, painted at Mar- 
seilles, 1816. [See Roux, p. 59.] 

Lubra, hermaphrodite brig, of Boston, built by Putnam at Danvers- 
port, Mass., 1864, 318 tons. 



Oil painting by a Chinese artist showing the vessel off the 
Light-ship at Shanghai, China. Signals show "C" on a red 
and white swallow-tail and "C" in a white spot on a blue 
swallow-tail. Lloyds says, built at Davenport, Maine, but 
no such place is found in the gazetteer. 

Mc Gilvery, bark, of Searsport, Maine, built at Stockton, Maine, 
1863, 501 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting. 
T. P. Pingree & Co. of Salem were owners in 1875. 

Maid of Orleans, bark, of Salem, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1839, 
258 tons. 

Oil painting. 

Malay, brig, of Salem, built at Salem, 1818, 268 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Brig Malay in Leghorn 
Roads, John Nichols, Jr. Master, Oct. 16, 1833" and signed, 

— "Peter Mazzinghi fecit Leghorn." Altered to a bark in 
1834 and used for a whaler; lost in the Mozambique Channel 
in 1842. 

Malay, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, Mass., 1842, 
868 tons. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist at Hong Kong. <[ Also, 
builder's half-hull model. 

Margaret, ship, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at Salem, 1800, 
295 tons. 

Water-color painting, port side, drawn to scale, inscribed, — 
"Francisco Resmann, Trieste." C. Also, copy by Ross 
Turner, 1893. C Also, an oil painting by Benjamin F. West 
of Salem, probably done about 1830, and therefore copied 
from some other earlier painting. C. Also, copy by 
M. Macpherson, of original showing the starboard side, signed 

— "Michele Come p[inxit]. 1802." The Margaret was lost 

38 




SHIP "MONK" OF SALEM 
Painting by Nicolai Carmillieri, Marseilles, 1806. 




SHIP "MOUNT VERNON" OF SALEM 
Escaping from the French cf Gibralter. Painting by M. F. Corne. 1799. 



on a passage from Naples to Salem in 1810, with great suffering 
by the crew, only a few of whom were saved. The Margaret 
was in Japan, 1801. [See Franklin.] 

i 
Mars, brig, of Salem, 101 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting. 
A long confusing inscription is on the back of. the frame. The 
brig was captured from the British in the War of 1812 and is 
said to have been used afterwards as a privateer. 

Mary, ship, of Salem, built at Salem, 1800, 176 tons. 

Water-color sketch by M. Macpherson from original in a 
log-book. 

Mary Felker, schooner, built at Newburyport, 1851, 109 tons. 

Oil painting inscribed, — "Mary Felker, Schooner of New- 
buryport, C. Smith Master, taken at Balto. [Baltimore, Md.] 
1852." CAlso, rigged model. 

Mary Pauline, brig, of Salem, built at Hartford, Conn., 1833, 172 
tons. 

Oil painting. Said formerly to have been a slaver under 
the name of Lalla Rookh. 

Mermaid, brig, of Salem, built by John M. Robertson at Charlestown, 
Mass., 1828, 189 tons. 

A small pencil sketch by William Henry Luscomb of Salem. 
C Also, copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of an oil 
painting by George M. White. 

Metamora, brig, of Boston, 164 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Brig Metamora entering 
the Port of Palermo, June 1, 1831." The date is in ink but 
probably to replace the original blurred by a stain. Sold to 
Montevideo, S. A., 1841. 

39 



Metis, bark, built by C. H. Currier & Co. at Newburyport, 1868, 
620 tons. 

Oil painting signed, — "W. H. Smith." 



Mexican, brig, of Salem, built by Elijah Briggs at Salem, 1824, 227 
tons. , 

Pen and ink sketch made Sept. 21, 1832, the morning 
after the brig had been attacked by pirates, by the mate 
of the Mexican, Benjamin Read, inscribed, — "The Pirates 
leaving the brig Mexican after they had robbed her and attempt- 
ed to set her on fire, September 20, 1832." This sketch was 
given the museum by the grand-daughters of Capt. John G. 
Butman, the commander of the brig at the time. A companion 
sketch was made showing a different feature of the piracy, 
but it cannot be traced and it is greatly desired to have this 
sketch or a copy of it in the collection. d. Also, a copy by 
M. Macpherson in water-color of an oil painting by George 
Southward, "after a drawing made on the Mexican by Benjamin 
Read, Sept. 20, 1832," probably the sketch referred to as not 
traced. The oil painting was destroyed in the Salem fire of 
June 1914. C. Also, water-color sketch of the Mexican from 
an original in the log-book. f[ Also, builder's half-hull 
model. [For full account of this piracy, see E. I. Hist. Coll., 
vol. XXXIV, p. 41.] 



Mindoro, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Boston, 1864, 
1065 tons. It cost Pickman, Silsbee & Allen, of Salem, 
$123,607.34. 

Large oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, 1920. 
<[ Also, another, imperfect, by W. P. Stubbs of Boston, to- 
gether with photographs, builder's drawings of sail plan, etc. 
The Mindoro was the last square-rigged vessel owned in Salem; 
she had been laid up at Derby Wharf for some years and "her 
departure from Salem, April, 1894, marked the end of the 
foreign commerce of the port." 

40 




SHIP "MINDORO" OF SALEM 
The last ship owned in Salem, 1897. Painting by Charles Torrey. 



Minnesota, bark, of New York, built at Philadelphia, 1849, 243 
tons. Later a New Bedford whaler, recorded in Starbuck as 
a ship. 

Water-color painting by Benjamin Russell of New Bedford 
inscribed, — "Bark Minnesota making a passage." 



Milo, ship, of Boston, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford, Mass., 
1835. 

Copy in water-color of original in oil by a Chinese artist, 
with the ship Levant at Lintin, China, about 1840. [See Levant.] 



Monk, ship, of Salem, built at Nobleborough, Maine, 1805, 253 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Monk of Salem, 
Capt. John W. Allen" and signed, — "Nicolay Carmillieri 
1806" [Marseilles]. 



Montauk, ship, of New York, built by W. H. Webb for A. A. Low & 
Brother, 1844, 540 tons. 

Oil painting signed, — "Sunqua," a Chinese artist at Wham- 
poa. One of the earliest clipper ships built. [See Clark, 
Clipper Ship Era, p. 64.] 



Mount Vernon, ship, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at Salem, 
1798, 355 tons. 

Three water color paintings by M. Corne, one showing the 
ship escaping from the French fleet near Gibraltar, 1799, and 
two showing her attacking a lateen-rigged vessel. C. ALSO, a 
copy of a painting of the Mount Vernon by Come on a wall at 
Newport, R. I., together with photographs of other pictures 
of the ship. The ship in the painting by Corne made in 1804 
for the East India Marine Society is the Mount Vernon, and 
probably one at least of the vessels in the ceiling of the Derby 
house cupola in the out-door museum at the Essex Institute. 
Come escaped from conscription at Naples in the Mount 

4i 



Vernon and continually showed his sentimental attachment 
for the vessel by painting pictures of her. [See under Come.] 
The Mount Vernon mounted 20 guns and had a crew of 50 men. 

Mutlah, ship, of Boston, London Register, 1864, built at Medford, 
Mass., 1863, 1011 tons. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist about 1865. Com- 
manded at times by Captains Ballard and Miller of Salem; 
Capt. E. B. Trumbull was mate on this ship. 

Naiad, brig, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1817, 259 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Naiad of Salem leaving 
Marseilles for India, March 5, 1820" and signed, — "Anton 
Roux a Marseille 1820." 

Nancy, ship, of Newburyport, built at Newbury, Mass., 1802. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Nancy of Newbury Port 
Captn. Charles Hodge" and signed, — "F. Dannenberg fecit 
Ao. 1805. " Signals, — white swallowtail with blue border and 
a blue square with large white "H." 

Natchez, bark, of Boston. [Probably the Natchez, 299 tons, built 
1838 and wrecked at Marshfield, 1848.] 

Painting on glass inscribed, — "Natchez of Boston, A. A. 
Burwell Commander" and signed, in print type, — "P. Weytz 
Antwerp"; about 1840. There are but two paintings of vessels 
upon glass in the collection; this and one of the Robert Pulsford. 
As the paint on glass frequently peels off, these are the most 
perishable of all paintings. 

Navigator, ship, of Salem, built by J. O. Curtis at Medford, Mass., 
1841, 333 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil 
inscribed, — "Navigator of Salem, William B. Graves Master 
1844" and signed, — "B. F. West pinxit." The original was 
destroyed in the Salem fire of June, 1914. 

42 




BRIG "NAIAD" OF SALEM 
Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1820. 




BRIG "OLINDA" OF SALEM 
Painting by Francois Roux, Marseilles, 1827 



Neponset, ship, of Boston, built by Caleb Turner at Weymouth, 
Mass., 1830. 

Oil painting, under glass, inscribed, — "Ship Neponset, 
John J. Scobie [of Salem] Master from Canton towards New 
York"; about 1840. 

Nereus, brig, of Boston, built at Duxbury, 1829, 243 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Nereus of Boston, Capt. 
Charles F. Williams [of Salem] starting from Leghorn, April 21, 
1833" and signed, — "Peter Mazzinghi Leghorn." 

Nereus, brig, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1818, 181 tons. 
Copy in water-color of original in oil. 

New England, ship, of Bath, Maine, 1849, 920 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship New England of 
Bath, G. W. Edge Master" and signed, — " John Luz . . . of 

Venice." 

New Hazard, brig, of Salem, built at Newbury, Mass., 1809, 281 tons. 

Oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, Mass., 1919, 
from original inscribed, — "New Hazard of Salem. George 
Ropes Nov. 181[6]." The painting shows the house flag of 
Josiah Orne of Salem on the foremast. 

Northumberland, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Baltimore, 
1839, 175 tons. 

Copy in water-color by M. Macpherson of original in oil 
inscribed, — "Northumberland of Salem, John Shirley Master 
on which voyage he died at West Coast of Africa, Jan. 13, 
1844." 

Ohio, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Marietta, Ohio, 1847, 
143 tons. 

Oil painting. The brig reached Salem via the Ohio and 
Mississippi rivers. 

43 



Olinda, brig, of Salem, built by Elijah Briggs at Salem, 1825, 178 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — "F'cois Roux a Marseille, 
1827." "Launched fully rigged with cargo on board and sailed 
in a few days," [Salem Register, July 21, 1825.] 

Packet, ship, of Salem, built at Portland, Maine, 1803, 229 tons. 

Oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, Mass., 1919, 
from original inscribed, — "Packet of Salem G. Ropes 181[4]." 
There was a ship Packet built at Braintree, Mass., 1802, 339 
tons, but not recorded as registered in Salem until 1827. The 
painting shows the house-flag of Josiah Orne of Salem on the 
foremast. 

Paladin, ship, built at Baltimore, 1850, 455 tons. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist about 1850. 

Pallas, bark, of Salem, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1825, 209 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of sketch in a 
sea journal probably made by Henry Archer, master of the 
bark. 

Pamelia, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Nobleborough, 
Maine, 1825, 151 tons. 

Oil painting by William Henry Luscomb of Salem, about 
1842, showing the vessel in Salem harbor. 

Patriot, bark, of Salem, built at Danvers, Mass., 1809, 265 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Bark Patriot of Salem, 
Captain Nathan Frye, 1817" and signed, — "Drawn by 
Jacob Petersen" at Copenhagen showing the bark passing 
Elsinore Castle. 

Patsey B. Blount, brigantine, of Salem, built at Beaufort, N. C, 
1828, 120 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original painting. 
44 







BARK "PATRIOT" OF SALEM PASSING ELSINORE, 1809 
Painting by Jacob Petersen 




SHIP "RECOVERY" OF SALEM 
Painting by William Ward, 1799. 



Peggy, brig, of Salem, built at Brunswick, Maine, 1788, 167 tons. 

Water-color sketch by M. Macpherson from original on a 
pitcher of Liverpool ware dated 1797. It is probable that all 
pictures of vessels on pitchers, plates and bowls are typical 
rather than actual portraits of the vessels. 

Perseverance, ship, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1794, 245 
tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil 
but with the sails changed, d. Also, an oil painting by M. 
Come showing the Perseverance wrecked at Tarpaulin Cove, 
Naushon island, Mass., in 1805. C Also, a Washington 
mourning pitcher of Liverpool ware with a picture of a 
ship on one side inscribed, — "Perseverance" and "Lydia 
Barnard" together with several sailors' mottoes. The 
Perseverance, under command of Capt. Richard Wheatland, 
was the first American vessel to visit Archangel, Russia. 

Persia, brig, of Salem, built at Salem, 1822, 254 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color inscribed, — 
"Brig Persia of Salem, Capt. Moses Endicott" and, in script, 
added later, — "Wrecked on Cape Ann in 1829 and all hands 
perished." <[ Also, builder's half-hull model. In the museum 
collection is a piece of the rail of the Persia with a part of the 
vessel's name upon it which was washed ashore from the wreck. 

Phoenix, brig, of Salem, built at Newbury, Mass., 1816, 248 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — "Felice Polli, Trieste." 
C Also, copy of a different water-color painting showing the 
Phoenix entering the port of Genoa, inscribed, — "Brig Phoenix 
of Salem, W. D. Waters Commander" and signed, — "Antoine 
Vittaluga del e Peintre an 1829, Janvier, delline de original." 

Planet, schooner, of Salem. 

Oil painting. The Planet was at one time a pilot boat in 
Salem harbor. 



45 



Plato, topsail schooner, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 
1816, 125 tons, altered to 140 tons in 1829. 

Oil painting. 

Propontis, ship, of Salem, built by Thatcher Magoun at Medford 
Mass., 1833, 425 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — "Hre. Pellegrin. Marseilles, 
1844." C. Another, similar, evidently by the same artist. 

Prudent, ship, of Salem, built by Ebenezer Mann at Salem, 1799, 
214 tons. 

Water-color painting, unsigned but old, showing a remarkable 
raking of the masts and interesting old sails. f[ Also, copy 
by Ross Turner, 1893. The Prudent was taken by the British 
and condemned at Ceylon, 1806. 

Raduga, ship, of Boston, built by Currier and Townsend at New- 
bury, Mass., 1848, 586 tons. 

Large pencil drawing, with flags colored, by Capt. Andrew 
M. Ropes, while on a voyage to Honolulu, inscribed, — 
"Raduga, A. M. Ropes, 1863." 

Reaper, brig, of Salem, built at Amesbury, Mass., 1820, 229 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original inscribed, — "Reaper 
of Salem, S. Benson Master, 1823" and signed, — "Anton 
Roux fils aine a Marseille, 1823." Altered to a bark, 1833, 
and made several whaling voyages. A grandson of Capt. 
Benson a few years since named his yacht Reaper. This 
desirable way of perpetuating the names of ancestral ships is 
becoming quite common as is also the use of old family house 
and ships' flags upon modern yachts. The Marine Room 
collection and catalogs are often consulted for this purpose. 

Recovery, ship, of Salem, built by Retire Becket at Salem, 1794, 
284 tons. 

46 




* i 

Q -2 
5 3 

S I 



Water-color painting inscribed, — "Recovery of Salem" and 
signed, — "Wm. Ward Delinr. 1799." The first American 
vessel at Mocha, Arabia, 1798, when she took out $50,000 in 
specie for purposes of trade. [See Osgood and Batchelder, 
Sketch of Salem, p. 161.] 

Restitution, ship, of Salem, built at Newbury, Mass., 1803, 247 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Restitution, John Ham- 
mond Commander Entering the Port of Palermo, Aug. 22, 
1833." 

Richard, bark, of Salem, built by Jenks and Hoyt at Salem, 1826, 
252 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — "Hre. Pellegrin a Marseille 
an 1831." C. Also, shown in large painting of whaling scene 
with the ship Julian. <L Also, sail plan drawn to scale and 
colored, with dimensions marked. 

Robert Pulsford, ship, of Lynn, 406 tons. 

Painting on glass inscribed, — "Ship Robert Pulsford of 
Lynn passing Flushing, John J. Scobie [of Salem] Master 
Commander 1844" and signed, — "P. Weytz Antwerp." 
One of two paintings on glass. [See Natchez.] 

Rolla, brig, of Salem, built at Philadelphia, 1831, 180 tons. 

Small oil painting by William Henry Luscomb of Salem. 

Rome, ship, of Salem, built by Elijah Briggs at Salem, 1829, 344 tons. 
Purchased by Stone, Silsbee & Pickman of Salem, in 1841, 
for $18,625. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Rome of Salem, Capt. 
Samuel R. Curwen leaving Marseilles, March, 1848" and 
signed, — "Hre. Pellegrin a Marseille 1848." The Rome 
was sold at San Franciso in 1849, drawn ashore and built into 
a wharf; suggestive of Bret Harte's story, "A Ship of '49," 
altho Bret Harte's ship was the "Pontiac of Marseilles." 

47 



Roque, brig, of Salem, built at Roque Island, Jonesborough, Maine, 
as a schooner, 1816, 158 tons; altered to a brig, 1821, 206 tons. 

Water-color painting as a brig, unsigned, probably painted 
at Palermo. 

Russell, brig, of Salem, built at Cohasset, 1835, 182 tons. 
Oil painting. 

St. Clair, ship, about 1870-1880. 

Water-color sketch inscribed, — "St. Clair" and signed, — 
"Charles W. Norton, Detroit." A vessel of the Great Lakes. 

St. Paul, ship, of Salem, built by Wheelwright at Boston, 1833, 
463 tons. 

Water-color painting, unsigned, evidently by the same 
hand as the Statesman. 

Sally, ship, of Salem, built at Boston, 1803, 322 tons. 

Water-color painting probably done at Palermo or Genoa. 

Sapphire, ship, of Salem, built by Rodgers at Medford, Mass., 1824, 
365 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting. 
A whaler from Salem, 1836-1842, lost, 1842. 

Shirley, ship, of Salem, built by P. & J. O. Curtis at Medford, 1850, 
910 tons. Purchased by Stone, Silsbee & Pickman, of Salem, 
in 1852, for $52,500. 

Large oil painting by a Chinese artist at Hong Kong. 
C Also, in a very large painting by "Evans & Arnold, 
1850" at New Orleans, showing the Shirley in tow of tug Pan- 
ther with the ship Julius and sloop Star. C. Also, builder's 
half-hull model. Sold in San Francisco, towed to Alaska and 
converted into a hotel in 1897. 

4 8 




SHIP "ROME" OF SALEM 
Painting by Hre Pelegrini, 1848 



& 







BRIGANTINE "SUKEY" OF SALEM 
Painting by M. Macpherson, after George Ropes ii 



Siam, ship, of Salem, built at Portsmouth, N. H., 1847, 726 tons. 
Oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa. 

Skobeleff, barkentine, of Boston, built at Deering, Maine, 1882, 
621 tons. 

Oil painting by W. P. Stubbs of Boston. An excellent 
illustration of this rather uncommon rig. 



SooLOOflst], ship, of Salem, built by Jenks and Hoyt at Salem, 1840, 
440 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — "Hre. Pellegrini a Mar- 
seille, 1844," showing light yellow hull. C. Another, signed, 
— "Fac. Domenico Gavazzone Genoa le 25 Julio, 1848," show- 
ing painted ports. C. Also, an oil painting representing 
the Sooloo in a gale off Mauritius. C. Also, builder's half- 
hull model. The Sooloo was lost on the coast of Sumatra in 
May, 1855. 



SooLOO[2d], ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Boston, 1861, 
784 tons. 

Oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, 1919. C. Also, 
builder's half-hull model and several photographs of the ship. 



Sophronia, bark, of Salem, built by Luther Briggs at Pembroke, 
Mass., 1841, 197 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original oil 
painting about 1850. 

South Carolina, ship. 

Small water-color painting inscribed, — "South Carolina 
A. D. 1793, Jon. Phippen." The vessel appears to be armed, 
wears an American flag at the stern and has a lion figurehead. 
It may represent the Continental frigate of 1784. 

49 



Spy, topsail schooner, of Salem, built by George Fuller at Medford, 
Mass., 1823, 98 tons. Altered to a brig before Aug. 10, 1832. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of an original water-color painting. 



Star, bark, of Salem, built at Scituate, Mass., 1838, 212 tons. 
Oil painting, probably by Benjamin F. West of Salem. 



Statesman, brig, of Salem, built by Jonathan B. Bates at Cohasset, 
1826, 258 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of an original water-color painting 
made by the same artist as the picture of the St. Paul. Alter- 
ed to a bark in 1836 for whaling and condemned in 1844. 



Sukey, brigantine, of Salem, built at Falmouth, Mass., 1795, 102 tons. 

Three copies by M. Macpherson of different water-color 
paintings of the brig, the originals all done by George Ropes 
of Salem, one signed, — "G. Ropes 1802." 



Sumatra, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, 1856, 
1041 tons. 

Oil painting by an English artist representing the ship off 
the Dover cliffs. C[ Also, builder's half-hull model. 

Surprise, topsail schooner, privateer, of Baltimore. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — ' 'Surprise capturing the 
Star Jan. 27, 1815." [See Coggeshall, American Privateers, 
p. 326.] The Surprise was often at Salem. 

Susan Drew, ship, of Salem, built at Duxbury, Mass., 1839, 696 tons. 

Etching by George C. Wales. C. Also, photograph of oil 
painting of the ship. 

50 




SHIP "TRIUMPHANT" OF SALEM 
Paintinj; hy George Ropes. 1805. 




PACKET SHIP "UNITED STATES' 
Painting by Robert Salmon, 1817. 



Sylvia W. Swasey, bark, of Salem, British built, 1852, 439 tons. 

Sepia painting from original in oil destroyed in the Salem 
fire of June, 1914. 

Taria Topan, bark, of Salem, built by Edward F. Miller at Salem, 
1870, 631 tons. 

Oil painting by W. P. Stiibbs of Boston, 1881. "The last 
square rigged vessel of large size belonging to Salem owners 
built in Salem." Named for a Zanzibar merchant, a business 
connection and friend of the owners of the vessel. 

Tartar, ship, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1811, 401 tons. 

Oil painting inscribed, — " Ship Tartar leaving Bombay 
April 26, 1818." 

Thetis, hermaprodite brig, of Boston. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Thetis of Boston" and 
"Exuzione li 24 Octbr. 1822." The picture, painted at Naples, 
shows Mt. Vesuvius in extensive eruption; no artist's name 
is given. 

Thomas Perkins, ship, of Salem, built at Portsmouth, N. H., 1837, 
595 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original painting. C. Also, 
builder's half-hull model. 

Tidal Wave, bark, of Salem, built at Essex, Mass., 1854, 361 tons. 

Oil painting by Charles Torrey of Brookline, 1920, from a 
photograph by Fred. Fogg 1864. The Tidal Wave entered 
Salem for the last time on February 22, 1865. 

Topaz, brig, of Newburyport, built at Newbury, Mass., 1807, 213 
tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Topaz of Newburyport, 
Captn. Moses Knight" and signed, — "Anton Roux a Mar- 
seille, 1808." 

5i 



Trent, ship, of Salem, built at Freeport, Maine, 1801, 191 tons. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship Trent of Salem, 
Nathaniel Kinsman Commander." An early painting, neither 
signed nor dated. 



Triumphant, ship, of Salem, built at Dover, N. H., 1802, 203 tons. 

Large oil painting signed, — "George Ropes, 1805." George 
Ropes was a pupil of Come, and a ship in the left distance has 
the appearance of Corne's work and possibly was added by 
him to balance the picture. 



Troubadour, ship. [Probably the ship of 1199 tons built by Currier 
at Newburyport in 1854.] 

Oil painting by a Chinese artist at Whampoa about 1860, 
with ship Emigrant. 

Two Brothers, ship, of Salem, built at Salem, 1818, 288 tons. 

Water-color painting signed, — "George Ropes, 1818." 
d Also, water-color by M. Macpherson from sketch drawn 
to scale in the ship's log-book by Capt. John Upton, the com- 
mander, 1823. 

Tybee, ship, of Salem, built at Philadelphia, 1829, 298 tons. 

Water-color sketch made on board by Augustus D. Rogers, 
son of one of the owners of the ship. The first American 
vessel at Sydney, Australia, 1832. 

Ulysses [1st], ship, of Salem, built at Amesbury, Mass., 1794, 163 
tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of water-color by M. Come, 
inscribed, — "Cap. [James] Cook cast a way on Cape Cod, 
1802." CL Also, in set of three oil paintings by Come illus- 
trating the departure of the Brutus, Ulysses and Volusia from 
Salem and their loss the next day. [See Brutus and Volusia.} 

52 




SHIP "ULYSSES" (2d) OF SALEM RIGGING A TEMPORARY RUDDER 
Painting by Anton Roux, Marseilles, 1804. 




Model made 



SHIP "ULYSSES' i2d> OF SALEM 
l 1804 by Capt. William Mugford to illustrate his temporary rudder. 



Ulysses [2d], ship, of Salem, built at Haverhill, Mass., 1798, 340 tons. 

Three water-color paintings, each signed, — "Anton Roux a 
Marseille, 1804,'" illustrating: the loss of the ship's rudder 
in a gale, the adjustment of a temporary rudder, the safe arrival 
of the ship at Marseilles. Each picture has an explanatory 
inscription. For his achievement, Capt. William Mugford 
of Salem, the commander of the ship, received the Magellanic 
gold medal from the American Philosophical Soc. of Phila- 
delphia. The Archives of Useful Knowledge, Vol. Ill, No. 2, 
October, 1812, contains a description of Capt. Mugford's 
extemporized rudder with an illustration. C Also, full hull 
model, showing the method of attaching the rudder, made 
by Capt. Mugford and given the East India Marine Society 
at the time. The museum has documents and correspondence 
connected with the matter and the ship's sea-letter for the 
voyage, signed by President Thomas Jefferson and James 
Madison as Secretary of State. 

Union, ship, of Salem, built at Salem, 1802, 250 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting. 
C. Also, enlarged photograph of another painting inscribed, — 
"Union of Salem, George Hodges Commander, 1803." 

United States, ship. 

Oil painting by Robert Salmon signed, — "R. S. 1817." 
"United States" across fore topsail with a double-headed 
eagle below. The American jack at mast-head and American 
flag at stern. It is said that Salmon embellished his paintings 
with additions not on the objects themselves. 

Vintage, brig, of Salem, built at Scituate, Mass., 1837, 199 tons. 
Oil painting by Clement Drew of Boston. 

Volusia, ship, of Salem, built at Falmouth, Mass., 1801, 273 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson of original water-color painting 
by M. Corne inscribed, — " 1802 Volusia of Salem Cutting 

53 



the Meason (mizzen) Mast Feby. 22." C. Also, in set of 
three oil paintings by Corne illustrating the departure of the 
Brutus, Ulysses, and Volusia from Salem and their loss the 
next day. [See Brutus and Ulysses.] 

Water Witch, topsail schooner, of Salem, built at Newbury, Mass., 
1847, 145 tons. 

Oil painting signed, — "B. W. " [Benjamin F. West] 

Waverly, brig, of Salem, built at Marshfield, Mass., 1827, 232 tons. 
Oil painting. 

Welaka, three-masted schooner. 

Water-color painting inscribed, — "L. A. Painter of Venice, 
1819." While the drawing is very good, the date appears to 
have been altered and is more likely to have been 1870 - 1880 
— or the whole inscription may be fictitious. 

White Swallow, ship, of Boston, built by Hayden & Cudworth at 
Medford, Mass., 1853, 1192 tons. 

Large oil painting by William B. Eaton of Salem, 1884. 
C Also, pencil sketches partly colored signed, — "A. W. 
Phaelan, Aug. 6, 1853." The White Swallow made a passage 
in 1860 from New York to San Francisco in 110 days. 

William, ship, of Salem, built at New York, 1822, 292 tons. 

A poor, defaced, water-color painting inscribed, — "Ship 
William of Salem, 1826." 

William Schroder, bark, of Salem, built by Jonathan B. Bates at 
Cohasset, 1840, 238 tons. 

Oil painting by Benjamin F. West of Salem. 

Witch, bark, of Salem, built by Justin Carter at Salem, 1854, 210 tons. 
Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil. 

54 




•VOLUSIA" OF SALEM WRECKED ON CAPE COD 
Painting by M. F. Corne, 1802. 




CLIPPER SHIP -WITCH OF THE WAVE" OF SALEM, 1851 



Witch of the Wave, ship, of Salem, built by George Raynes at 
Portsmouth, N. H., 1851, 1498 tons. 

Large oil painting. C. Also, a photograph of another paint- 
ing which was destroyed in the Salem fire of June, 1914. The 
trip of this clipper ship from Portsmouth to Salem to obtain 
her register was enjoyed by a party of two hundred guests of 
the owners, — Capt. John Bertram and Mr. Alfred Peabody, — 
who were entertained with music, feasting and the recitation 
of an original poem by Jonathan Nichols. [See Salem papers 
of the date and Clark, The Clipper Ship Era, pp. 166-172.] 
The Witch of the Wave, Captain Joseph Hardy Millett of Salem, 
in 1852, with a cargo of tea, made the remarkably short passage 
of ninety days from Canton to Deal, England. 

Zaine, hermaphrodite brig, of Salem, built at Dorchester, Maryland, 
1840, 158 tons. 

Oil painting. 

Zotoff, bark, of Salem, built at Newbury, Mass., 1840, 220 tons. 

Copy by M. Macpherson in water-color of original in oil. 
The Zotoff is referred to in Mrs. M. D. Wallis's Life in 
Feegee, Boston, 1851. 



55 



MISCELLANEOUS PICTURES OF VESSELS 



Brig with British flag, followed by a schooner with U. S. Custom 
House flag, entering Salem harbor. 

A large oil painting said to represent the bringing in of a 
captured prize during the War of 1812. The general appear- 
ance of the picture and frame suggests that it was intended for 
a fire-board; many such painted fire-boards were made in the 
early nineteenth century. 



Lugger and Cutter. French Lugger attacking a British Cutter. 

Oil painting signed, — "R[obert]. S[almon]. 1835." In the 
catalog of Robert Salmon's paintings, from his own notes, 
preserved in the Boston Public Library, a copy of which is at 
the Peabody Museum, there are two references to pictures of 
Cutters, but it is not possible to determine which is this one. 



Naumkeag, steam tug, of Salem, built at New London, Conn., about 
1880, 35 tons. Sold to New Market, N. H. and thence to 
Machias, Maine, in 1884. 

Oil painting by W. B. Eaton, off Bowditch's ledge, Salem 
harbor. 



Ship coming out of Liverpool. 

Oil painting referred to in the Salmon catalog as "No. 29, 
Jan. 15, 1840. View of Liverpool from Cheshire"; the back 
of the painting is inscribed, — "No. 29, painted by R. Salmon, 
1840." This is a fine example of Robert Salmon's work. 

56 



Steamer off Grand Manan. 

Large oil painting by William Edward Norton showing a 
porgy steamer with the island of Grand Manan in the distance. 



Topsail Schooner, American, 1790; also armed sloop. 

Water-color sketches by William Cleveland (1777-1842) 
made in 1790, while a boy of thirteen, on the cover of his writ- 
ing book at a Salem school. On one side is the schooner and 
on the other is a water-color sketch of an armed sloop with 
topsails. 



57 



SKETCHES IN WATER-COLOR AND BLACK-AND-WHITE 

Gore, Charles, England. 

Twenty-four water-color and wash sketches of similar char- 
acter, several of which are incribed, — "From Charles Gore, 
Esqr. 1787." One water color of a sloop is 14 x 11 inches; a 
brig, 12 x 8 inches; the others are smaller. 

Morse, George F., Portland, Maine. 

Thirteen pencil sketches, including thirty vessels of various 
rigs, made in Portland harbor in 1858. Among them are the 
ship Lombard and U. S. S. Corwin besides unnamed barks, 
brigs and schooners. The sketches are accurate, beautifully 
drawn and characteristic of the various vessels of the period. 

Pocock, Nicholas, England. 

Eighteen pencil sketches of naval vessels, some but char- 
acteristic bits, others more complete, which appear to have 
been made as memoranda for paintings. Among them are, 
marked in pencil, — Arethusa, Exeter, New Hope, Jupiter and 
Zephyr, Sir James Chute Comm. Probably all are by Nicholas 
Pocock and drawn in the late 18th or early 19th centuries. 
Fifty-four pencil and wash sketches of vessels of various types, 
mostly fishing and pleasure boats; — probably all are by 
Nicholas Pocock, a few may be of a later period. The Gore 
and Pocock sketches were in a collection purchased in London 
as the Walters portfolio, bearing a label, evidently placed there 
by the owner which is inscribed, — "Walters, Rough Sketches 
and Drawings, chiefly shipping, by Nicholas Pocock and some 
sketches of boats given him by Charles Gore." All of the sketch- 
es are good and some among the Gore lot remind one of Anton 
Roux's work. 



Roux, Anton, Marseilles. 

Twenty-seven finished water-color sketches of vessels, 10K x 7 
inches, made by Anton Roux of Marseilles on a tour 
in the Mediterranean in 1816. The first page of the leather 
covered album of sketches appears to have been torn out, the 
first painting is of a ship-rigged vessel wearing the British jack 
on a white field and inscribed, — " Yath Louisa, a Mgr. le [name 
torn off] 1816" and signed, — "Ante. Roux a Marseille 
Delinea'r." The next is of a sail boat with two masts, taking 
ashore a party of men wearing high hats, inscribed, — "Epoque 
du Canot du Yath Louisa, a Marseille le 18 Dec'bre 1816." 
The remaining twenty-five sketches are of vessels belonging 
to the countries bordering the Mediterranean and include: — 
"Chebec a Latin Savoyard"; "Bombarde"; "Chebec a 
Quarre," a bark-rigged vessel with flag of Sardinia; "Pinque 
Genois"; "Feloque"; "Canari," with Spanish flag; "Demi 
Galeres," with flag of Savoy; "Brick," with Turkish flag; 
"Bateau de peche de Frejus"; "Bateau Boeuf de peche"; 
"Laout Catalan"; "Tartane de peche Provencale"; "Tra- 
bacolo"; "Sacolero"; "Polacre"; " Canot Francais " ; "Allege 
D'Arles charge de Fourrage"; "Mistico," etc. The sketches 
are exquisitely drawn in Anton Roux's unexcelled style and 
are perfect in their original coloring. Copies of all the sketches 
were made by M. Macpherson in 1910 for the Marine Room 
cabinet collection, the originals being kept in the fireproof at 
the Essex Institute. 



59 



PAINTINGS AND MODELS OF NAVAL VESSELS 
OF THE UNITED STATES 



Boston, U. S. Frigate, 28 guns, built 1799. 

Water-color, after French painting in Allen's Our Naval War 
with France. 



Chesapeake, U. S. Frigate, engagement with H. B. M. Shannon. 

Small water-color painting, old and probably copied from 
some early painting or engraving of the engagement off Salem, 
June 1, 1813. CL Also, large water-color painting by E. J. 
Russell of Boston from a "colored plate published in London, 
1817." C. Also, a large water-color painting by Ross Turner, 
1890, representing the battle at sunset, looking towards Salem. 
Owing to certain inaccuracies of detail, Mr. Turner preferred 
to call the painting "Naval Engagement: a study." C. Also, 
aquatint by Jeakes after Thomas Whitcombe. This memorable 
naval battle was witnessed at a distance by Salem people from 
the South church steeple and from Legg's hill and other points 
of vantage along the shore. Accounts of the funeral of Capt. 
Lawrence and Lt. Ludlow in Salem, when their bodies were 
brought from Halifax by the Salem ship-masters associated 
with Capt. George Crowninshield, and their temporary entomb- 
ment in Salem until removed to New York, may be found in 
the Sketch of Salem, by Osgood and Batchelder (p. 52) and in 
other local and general histories. E. S. Maclay in History of 
the U. S. Navy, vol. I, p. 466, incorrectly states that the 
bodies of Lawrence and Ludlow were taken to Boston and 
funeral services held there. 

6o 




CAPTURE OF THE FRIGATE "ESSEX" BY H. B. M. "PHOEBE" AND "CHERUB' 
VALPARAISO. CHILE. 1814 
Painting by George Ropes, 1815. 




FRIGATES "CHESAPEAKE" AND "SHANNON" ENGAGING OFF SALEM. JUNE 1. 
Painting by Ross Turner. 1895. 



Constellation, U. S. Frigate, built 1797. 

Engagement with Insurgente, 1799; water-color painting 
after illustration in Allen's Naval War with France. CL Also, 
on two large punch-bowls of Liverpool ware given the Salem 
East India Marine Society by Capt. George Hodges in 1800. 

Constitution, U. S. Frigate, built at Boston, 1797, 2200 tons. 

Full rigged model, five feet long, made before July, 1813, 
when it was given to the Salem East India Marine Society by 
Capt. Isaac Hull. It is the only accurate, contemporary model 
known and was followed by the U. S. naval authorities when 
restoring the Constitution at Boston, 1907. The museum 
possesses a signed letter from Captain Hull dated August 5, 

1813, referring to his gift of this model; also, a most interesting 
bill of May, 1814, acknowledging the receipt of twelve dollars 
by Thomas Webb, in behalf of "English Prisoners of War" 
for "Repairing, &c, &c. the Constitution." It is said that 
the model was slightly damaged at a banquet given to Com. 
Bainbridge at Hamilton Hall late in 1813 where a salute 
in his honor was fired from miniature guns. The British 
prisoners were held in a "guard ship" in charge of Captains 
[Thomas] Webb and Upton. Bentley's Diary, IV, p. 291, 
Oct. 7, 1814, says, — "It [the prison ship] lays at the end of 
the wharf in the North river below the Universalist Meeting 
House and is left entirely dry half the time." In this vessel 
were the "prisoners of war" who repaired the model of the 
frigate which possibly was the means of their incarceration. 
C Also, oil painting about 1840. C^ Also, original water- 
color painting, Constitution and Java, by George Ropes of Salem, 

1814, and reproductions of two others by him. C. Also, 
half-hull model made from the original designs by Herbert 
M. C. Skinner, 1907. C. Also, scroll-work billet-head of the 
Constitution, 7 feet by 3 feet by 18 inches, said to have been 
removed in 1830; a fine piece of carved work, somewhat decayed 
but now restored. <[ Also, numerous photographs, cuts, news- 
paper and magazine articles relating to the Constitution and 
restoration of the frigate in 1907 and four replicas in bronze 
of gold medals awarded commanders of the Constitution for 
successful actions. 

6i 



Dewey, Dry Dock, U. S. Naval. 

Water-color painting by J. W. Aylward, who accompanied 
the expedition, showing the Dewey in tow of U. S. S. Glacier, 
Brutus, Caesar and Potomac passing Teneriffe on the way to 
Manila Bay, 1904. 

Essex, U. S. Frigate, built at Salem in 1799. [See Paintings of Mer- 
chant Vessels.] 

Ohio, U.S. Ship-of-the-Line , built 1820. 

Full rigged model, four feet long, made about 1850 by Enoch 
Fuller of Salem from accurate measurements. Mr. Fuller 
made a passage in the Ohio from San Francisco. 

Ontario, U. S. S., built at Baltimore, 1813. 

Water-color painting signed, — "A. Carlotta painted." The 
picture is stiffly but accurately and microscopically painted,, 
each rope showing the twist. It was done at Port Mahori 
in the Mediterranean in 1822. A long inscription is omitted 
here. 

Potomac, U. S. S. 

Water-color after an engraving, 1832, from a painting by 
J. Scarll. The Potomac was sent in 1832 to inflict punishment 
on the native village of Quallah Battoo on the Sumatra coast 
for an attack on the ship Friendship (2d) of Salem in 1831 
when five of the crew were killed. [See E. I. Hist. Coll., vol. 
I. p. 15, for a full account of the affair.] 

Salem, U. S. Cruiser, built at Quincy, Mass., 1907. 

Colored photograph. C. Also, photographs, plans, cards, 
magazine articles and other matter relating tojthe Salem, her 
launching, and "Salem Day" when she visited the harbor of 
Salem, 1909. C. Also, bronze figurehead, 1 a shield f with 
scrolls, weighing 3800 pounds, removed from the Saletn about 
1912. 

62 




CHINCHA ISLANDS 
With guano ships in foreground. 




fl&tt 



MOCHA, ARABIA 
Ships waiting to load with coffee. 



South Carolina, ship, 1790. [See Paintings of Merchant Vessels.] 

United States, U. S. Frigate, built 1797. 

Water-color after French painting from Allen's Naval War 
with France. C^ Also, engagement with the Macedonian, an 
old water-color painting inscribed, — "The United States 
Friga and Macedonia Ingageing in 1812." 

VlNCENNES, U. S. S. 

Oil painting after sketch by Com. Wilkes while on the explor- 
ing expedition 1837-1842, showing the Vincennes in Dis- 
appointment Bay, Antarctic Continent, south of Australia, 
January 23, 1840. [See engraving by C. A. Jewett in Wilkes 
U. S. Exploring Expedition, vol. II, p. 310.] This painting 
is exactly reproduced on p. 106 in Twenty years before the 
Mast by Charles Erskine, from whose son the painting was 
obtained. In addition to the above paintings there are in the 
cabinet and folio collections, lithographs, prints, and photo- 
graphs, either from old paintings or direct, of the important 
vessels of the U. S. Navy from its beginnings to the present 
time. 



63 



PAINTINGS OF MISCELLANEOUS NAVAL VESSELS 



Nashville, C. S. A. ship. 

Oil painting signed "D. McFarlane, 1864," showing the 
Nashville destroying the ship Harvey Birch. 

[See Harvey Birch in list of Paintings of Merchant Vessels.] 



Monarch, H. B. M. ship. 

Oil painting by Harry Brown of Portland, showing the 
Monarch off Portland light, Maine, bringing the body of George 
Peabody of London to America for burial, February, 1870. 



Anson, H. B. M. frigate. 

Water-color, somewhat defaced, showing the frigate wrecked 
at Mounts Bay, Cornwall, England, 1807, signed, — "W. H. 
Smith," paper water-marked, — "Whatman, 1825." 



Naval Battle between British and French ships. 

Oil painting by George Ropes of Salem, 1815. 

Naval Battle between the Quebec Frigate and the French Surveillante. 

Oil painting by George Ropes of Salem, 1815, after an early 
engraving from a French painting. 



64 



PAINTINGS OF WHARVES, HARBORS AND FOREIGN PORTS 



North American 

Crowninshield's Wharf, Salem. Copy by M. Macpherson in 
water-color, reduced in size, of large oil painting by George 
Ropes of Salem, 1806, showing America (4th) at end of wharf, 
the ship Fame next. Original at the Essex Institute. 

Derby Wharf, Salem. Oil painting by Porter Brown of Salem, 
1879, showing the wharf before the destruction of many of 
the old store-houses. 

Salem Harbor. Oil painting made for the entrance door of the 
rooms of the East India Marine Society in the Pickman build- 
ing. It shows Salem harbor with the Neck in the distance and 
a ship, probably the Mount Vernon, in the foreground. Signed, — 
"M. Corne pinxit 1805." A band with inscription was added 
by Bartol about 1825 when the society moved to the new 
East India Marine Hall. 



European 
Naples. Quaint water-color showing mole and vessels, about 1820. 

Naples. Vesuvius in eruption. Water-color with American ship in 
foreground. 

Naples. Two smaller water-colors with Vesuvius in eruption, — 
day and night, — two ships in foreground. 

Portoferrajo, Island of Elba. Water-color painting by Gustavo 
Adolfo Mallini made for Capt. George Crowninshield while 
visiting there on his voyage in the Cleopatra's Barge, 1817. 

65 



South American 

Chincha (Islands, off the coast of Peru. A rude oil painting about 
1845 - 1855, showing guano vessels in the foreground. 

Para, Brazil. Large oil painting of city with harbor and vessels. 



African and Beyond 
Elmina, Gold Coast, British West Africa. Oil painting M.1679 

Capetown, Africa. Oil painting by M. Corne, 1804, made for a 
fireboard in the rooms of the East India Marine Society in 
Pickman building M. 128 

Zanzibar, Africa. Water-color painting about 1850 M. 1680 

Mocha, Arabia. Water-color painting about 1820-1825, with 
coffee ships in foreground M . 472 

Sunda Straits? Oil painting by Chinese artist, about 1840 - 1850. 
May be near Penang, Batavia or Singapore M. 295 

Chinese 

Canton Factories. Oil painting by Corne, 1804, for a fireboard 
in the rooms of the East India Marine Society in Pickman 
building M. 292 

The Canton Factories, the residences of the factors or agents of commercial 
houses doing business in that part of China, of the foreign consuls and the Chinese 
hong merchants thru whom all business was transacted, occupied a small territory 
at Canton on the shore of the Choo, Pearl or Canton river set apart and restricted 
to these purposes. Fires in 1822 and at other times destroyed portions of the settle- 
ment and in 1856 the entire establishment was wiped out during the war between 
the Chinese and the British forces. Since then the little island of Shamein has been 
taken for the foreign residences; it lies just beyond the old settlement and before 
its present use was a sand or mud flat with small forts upon it. The Canton Fac- 
tories has always been one of the most widely known commercial settlements in the 
world. [See, Description of Canton, Chinese Repository press, Canton, 1834: 
Dr. Kerr's Canton Guide, Hong Kong and Canton, 1880; Fan Kwae at Canton 
(Old Canton), William C. Hunter, London, 1882; Encyclopaedia Britannica, under 
Canton.] 

66 




U.S. S. •■CONSTITUTION." 1797 
Model. 5 feet long, gift of Capt. Isaac Hull, 1813 



'*/ "a 5 






Bill from British Prisoners of War held in Salem lor repairing the model of the Constitution, Mav. 1814. 



Canton Factories, 1830 to 1840 M. 725 

Canton Factories, 1840 to 1850, large painting M. 250 

Canton Factories, before 1850. Dent & Co. flag on a yawl in 
foreground M. 1731 

Canton Factories, about 1850 M. 1685 

Canton Factories, about 1850 M. 2310 

Canton Factories, about 1850 M. 293 

Canton, or Pearl River, Tiger's Mouth, about 1830 M. 290 

Canton, or Pearl River, Tiger's Mouth M. 2307 

Canton, or Pearl River, about 1840, with junks in foreground .... 
M. 720 

Canton, or Pearl River, before 1850, with government junk .M. 719 

Canton, or Pearl River, with walled garden on island, and junk . . 
M. 2309 

Canton, or Pearl River, with fast boat M. 721 

Hong Kong, about 1850, looking from Simoon pass M. 297 

Macao, about 1840 M. 212 

Macao, 1840 to 1850. A large painting M. 2429 

Macao, before 1850 M. 1732 

Macao, about 1850 M. 289 

Macao, about 1850 M. 2312 

Whampoa, 1830 to 1840, with pagoda and British East-Indiamen .... 
M. 291 

Whampoa, about 1840, with pagoda and East-Indiamen M. 213 

Whampoa, about 1840, with East-Indiamen in foreground . . ..M. 217 

Whampoa, 1840 to 1850, with hulk and ships in foreground . . .M. 247 

Whampoa, about 1850, with schooner Brenda and opium ship.M. 1684 

Whampoa, about 1850, pagoda anchorage M. 2308 

6? 



Whampoa, about 1850 M. 2311 

Whampoa, about 1850, with English cemetery in foreground . .M. 296 
Whampoa, about 1855, Thomas Hunt & Co. ships, etc., large . . . M. 246 
Whampoa, about 1855, Thomas Hunt & Co. ships, large . . . . M. 249 
Whampoa, about 1850, many ships in foreground M. 2496 




CANTON FACTORIES ABOUT 1840 




SHAMIEN CONSULATES, CANTON. ABOUT 1860 
These replaced the Canton Factories destroyed in 1852. 



MODELS 

Rigged models 
The measurements are the lengths of the models in feet and inches. 
Alabama, fishing schooner, of Rockport, Mass., 1894, 3 feet. 

America (4th), privateer ship, of Salem, built as a merchantman, 
1804, altered and cut down, 1812, and made 331 tons, 2y 2 feet. 

A very fine model made about 1812-1814. 

Azalea, schooner yacht, about 1870, 18 inches. 

Model said to have been made by Captain Robert B. Forbes, 
of Boston. 

Baltic, steamship, model by George Glazier of Salem, 1854, 18 inches. 

Benjamin F. Phillips, fishing schooner built at Essex, Mass., 1901, 
3 feet. 

A fine model by Arthur Binney of Boston, scale f inch to 
1 foot. 

Cadet, schooner, 14 inches. 

Model made by a prisoner in the Essex County Jail, Salem. 

Camel, brig, of Salem, captured from the British in 1814, 3 feet. 
Model by Daniel C. Becket about 1870 from data. 

Canada, steamship, 1860, 9 inches. 

Model made by a sailor on the ship; in a box frame. 



Constitution, U. S. S., 1797, 5 feet. 

A fine contemporary model, 1813, for description see under 
Paintings and Models of Naval vessels of the United States. 
C[ Another by Capt. Everdean of Gloucester, with sails, 4 feet. 



Discovery, fishing schooner, name fanciful, period of 1890, 28 inches. 
A fine model by Hollis Burgess. 

Eagle, pinkie, 14 inches. 

A fine model by Arthur Binney of Boston, 1906, scale, 
| inch to 1 foot, from original vessel owned by J. Templeman 
Coolidge, Esq. [See Tiger.] 

Esther, sloop yacht, period of 1890, 3 feet. 

Model by Edwin Humphreys of Danvers, Mass. 

Friendship, ship, of Salem, 1797, 342 tons, 9 feet. 

This model, one of the finest and the largest in the collection, 
was made by the ship's carpenter, Thomas Russell, during a 
voyage to Sumatra, for the son of the commander, Capt. William 
Story of Salem. It proved too large for the house and was 
given to the East India Marine Society in 1803 by Capt. Story. 
The brass guns on the model were made by a native metal 
worker at Palembang, Sumatra. 

In the Daughters of the Revolution magazine, October, 
1916, Edgar S. Maclay, in his article entitled Our Sea Forces 
in the Revolution, uses a deck view of this model of the Friend- 
skip and describes it as "a 29-gun ship of the Revolution" 
and refers to the spaces on the deck, the working of the guns, 
etc., knowing that the Friendship was a merchant vessel, 
built in 1797, as the label clearly showed in the photograph 
which he had in his possession and which he used. 

Great Eastern, steamship, British, 1859, 3 feet. 

70 




J I 




TIGER'S MOUTH ABOUT 1860 
On the Pearl river below Canton. 































Bffiipfef'TfcM ,"'' ' 


.J 
















h J 


•-..:.: 















HONG KONG ABOUT 1850 



Herbert Fuller, barkentine, of Machias, Maine, 1890, 781 tons, 
2y 2 feet. 

Accurate model made by order of the court for the trial 
of Thomas Bram in Boston, 1897-1898. 



Ionia, bark, of Salem, 1847, 296 tons, 2 feet. 



La Grange, bark, of Salem, 1835, 3 feet. 

Model by Dr. Levi Saunders of Gloucester, a member of the 
company which sailed on the bark for California, 1849. [See 
Paintings of Merchant Vessels.] 



Lena M., Block Island Boat, 14 inches. 

A fine model of a fast disappearing type, by H. E. Boucher 
of New York, 1910, scale $A inch to 1 foot. 



Mary Felker, schooner, of Gloucester, 1895, 3^ feet. 
[See Paintings of Merchant Vessels.] 

Ohio, U.S. S., 1820, 2750 tons, 5 feet. 

A fine model by Enoch Fuller of Salem, 1850. [See Naval 
Vessels.] 

Petrel, sloop yacht, period of 1890, 4 feet. 

Model by Edwin Humphreys of Danvers, Mass. 

Rebecca, fishing schooner, of Marblehead, 1798, 18 inches. 

Model made about 1892. [See Collins, N. E. Magazine, vol. 
XVIII, p. 345.] 

7i 



Rising States, brig, date unknown, late 18th or early 19th century, 
3 feet. 

Nothing is known of the history of this very interesting 
model. It is thought to have been in the Trask family and 
was originally given the Essex Institute about 1860. A Rising 
States is recorded among the authorized privateers of the 
Revolution, — "a brig with 20 guns (seventeen swivels) and 
7 cohorns, registered to Massachusetts, 100 men, Capt. J. 
Thompson, 1776-1783." [See Emmons, The Navy of the 
U. S. etc., 1775 - 1853, p. 160.] 

Sea Fox, bark, whaler, of New Bedford, 1874, 18 inches. 
A fine model fully equipped, with sails set. 

Sea Witch, ship, period of 1890, 18 inches. 

A fine model by Joseph Hartwell, name fanciful. 

Sparrowhawk, early 17th century, 16 inches. 

Model made for Exposition, probably 1892, to represent the 
vessel wrecked on Cape Cod, 1626, on her way from England 
to Virginia, the ribs of which, since recovered, are preserved 
in Pilgrim Hall, Plymouth, Mass. 

Tiger, pinkie, of Gloucester, period of 1820, 16 inches. 

Model made for Exposition, probably 1892. [See Eagle.] 



Rigged Models Without Names 

Bark, period of 1830, 10>^ inches. 

Model by Capt. Clarence of Salem. 

Bark, period of 1870, 2 feet. 

72 




MACAO ABOUT 1840 




WHAMPOA ABOUT 1840 
Port of Canton. 



Bark, period of 1890, 3 feet. 

Model by John Adams of Salem, 1904. 

Brig, probably a French model, late 18th or early 19th century, 2>yi 
feet. 

Model imported by Stanford White of New York and later 
owned by F. D. Millett who lost his life on the Titanic. The 
model was given the museum by his son. 

Brig, American (so intended), about 1850, 3}4 feet. 

A curious and interesting model made of palm pith strips 
by natives on the west coast of Africa about 1852, expressing 
their ideas of the form and proportions of an American brig. 

Brig, hermaphrodite, about 1860, 12 inches. 

Brig, hermaphrodite, 3 inches. 

Miniature model by John Leavitt of Lynn, 1919. 

Brigantine, period of 1860, 4 feet. 

Model by William B. Gray of Salem. 

Dory, three models covering the period from 1830 - 1890, 1 foot to 18 
inches; one is a fisherman's, with oars, seats, and fittings. 

Gondola, Venice, with complete fittings, scale fa, 1894, 24 inches. 

Life-Boat, original model in copper by Joseph Francis of the life- 
boat of his invention for which he was awarded a gold medal 
by Congress. A replica of the medal in bronze is in the col- 
lection. 

Schooner, fisherman, period of 1830, 3 feet. 
Model by Daniel C. Becket, 1870. 

73 



Schooner, period of 1830, 10 inches. 

Schooner, pilot boat, "Yankee" on silk flag, 16 inches. 
Model by Daniel C. Becket about 1870. 

Schooner, period of 1870, sails set, made for a court case, 20 inches. 

Schooner, period of 1875, 3>< feet. 

Schooner, period of 1880, 2 feet. 

Schooner, fisherman, 1895, with boats, nets, etc., A l / 2 feet. Marked 
"Star Brand Gloucester." 

Schooner, period of 1890, 2 feet. 

Schooners, two groups in relief, in frames, with painted backgrounds, 
made by sailors about 1890. 

Ship, on stand, wood, paper sails, made at Mill Prison, England, by a 
prisoner of war, 1779, 8K inches. 

Ship, middle 18th century, rigging damaged and partly gone, 3 feet. 

An interesting old model formerly owned in the Crownin- 
shield family. 

Ship, of bone, on stand, with railing, made at Dartmoor Prison, by a 
prisoner of war, 1812 - 1815. Gift of Com. Bainbridge, 
U.S. N., 1822,5 inches. 

Ship, hull of clay, rigging of glass, 1818, iy 2 inches. 

Ship-of-the-Line, British, hull of dark wood, masts and yards of 
bone, period of 1820, 18 inches. 

74 




SCHOONER -BENJAMIN F. PHILLIPS" 
Winner of the fisherman's race in 1904. Model by Arthur Bii 




PINKIE "EAGLE" 
Model by Arthur Binney. 



Ship, of glass, about 1820, in original case, 9 inches. 

Ship, of glass, made in 1830, 13 inches. 

Ship, period of 1830 - 1840, with sails, 6 inches. 

Ship, period of 1840, 3 feet. 

A fine model by Enoch Fuller of Salem. 

Ship, clipper, a finely made model with sails carved from wood, period 
of 1850-1860, 20 inches. 

Ship, period of 1860, 13 inches. 

Ship, period of 1880, 2 feet. 

Ship, of ivory, with small boat in tow, deposited, &y 2 inches. 

Ship's Boat, about 1840; 6 inches. 

Ship's Boat, 1880, 10^ inches. 

Made on ship Mindoro of Salem by the ship's carpenter. 

Steamship, Boston and Halifax line, period of 1890, 18 inches. 

Whaler, brig, period of 1850, 14 inches. 
A Provincetown model. 

Whale Boat, with fittings ready for the capture, sails set, 17 inches. 
Model by V. J. Slocum, 1900. 

Vessels in bottles (4), also other designs (8), made by sailors, 4 to 10 
inches high. 

The designs are ships, reels, frameworks, etc.; some are very 
complicated and the stoppers in two of the bottles are ingenious 
puzzles. 

75 



Full Hull Models 

Model, to show the construction of a ship, 6 feet. 

Made by Eugenio Aug. Bahia, ship-builder of Ponta Delgada, 
Azores, 1895. This model received a diploma at the District 
Exposition at Ponta Delgada in 1895. 

Model, to show construction, period of 1860; said to be a model of 
the U. S. S. Hartford, but doubtful; Zy 2 feet. 

Model, hull with remains of masts, probably brig-rigged, about 
1820, 17 inches. 

Model, hull, formerly with masts, "Moll" on bow, period of 1830, 
from Joshua Brown, 1859, 4 feet. 

Model, hull, masts gone, period of 1840, 14 inches. 

Model by Captain Joseph Hardy Millett, commander of 
ship Witch-of-the- Wave. 

Model, pilot boat, masts gone, 18 inches. 

Model by Capt. James W. Chever, commander of the 
privateer ship America, for his son, about 1835. 

Model, probably Essex built schooner, period of 1850, 16 inches. 

Model, type of fishing schooner of 1850, "James of Salem Mass." 
on stern, 22 inches. 

Model, type of fishing schooner of 1890, "Ocean Eagle" on stern, 
3 feet. 

Model, three hull models, period of 1840 - 1860, 18-20 inches. 

76 




BRIG "CAMEL" OF SALEM, 1814 
Model by Daniel C. Becket. 




J 



SHIP "FRIENDSHIP" OF SALEM 
Model by Thomas Russell, 1803. 



Model, the launching of a ship, full hull with all attachments for 
the launching, period of 1840. 

Model by Job Young, 1904. 

Row Boat, made of paper by Walter L. Dean at City Point, Boston , 
1875, full size, 10 feet by 3^ feet. 

This boat and another built at the same time have seen ser - 
vice and proved practical. 

Half -Hull Models 
The models, unless otherwise stated, are from 2yi to 5 feet in length. 

Alcyone, bark, built at Stockton, Maine, 1865, 627 tons . 

Alert, yacht, built at Salem, 1848. 

Alice, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1871, 60 tons. 

Alice Mandell, ship, of New Bedford, 1851, 425 tons . 

Alice Wood, probably a sail-boat of Salem. 

Almira T. Roland, schooner, built by John F. Hawkins at Port Jeffer- 
son, N. Y., 1861, 195 tons. 

A block model in transverse sections. 

Amazon, brig, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1824, 202 tons. 

America, schooner yacht, built by George Steers at New York, 1851, 
171 tons. 

Model by Augustus A. Smith of Salem. C. Also, litho- 
graph and early woodcuts. C. Also, tiller used on the yacht, 
1852. 

77 



Aurora, ship, of Salem, built at Chelsea, 1853, 1396 tons. 

Australia, ship, of Salem, built at Medford, Mass., 1849, 534 tons. 

Bertha, bark, of New Bedford, 1877, 437 tons. 

Black Hawk, ship, built at Newburyport, 1858, 941 tons. 

Bonanza, schooner, built by Ira Story at Danversport, Mass., 1861- 
1865. 

Boyd and Leeds, schooner, built by J. Horace Burnham at Essex, 

Mass. 

Sixteen other schooners were built from the same model, 
1875 - 1895. 

Thomas Brundage Dorothy E. L. Spirling 

Mattie Brundage Mary Gleason Flora J. Sears 

Pythian Etta Mildred Dorothy (2d) 

Mary P. Mosquita Appomattox Thomas J. Carroll 

Agnes Gleason Gladys and Sabia Mary H. Greer 
Mary Edith 

Child of the Regiment, ship, built at Thomaston, Maine, 1858, 
1193 tons. 

Coeur de Lion, ship, built by George Raynes at Portsmouth, N. H., 
1854, 1098 tons. 

Colin E. McNeil, bark, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1865, 
700 tons. 

Commonwealth, schooner, built by Willard A. and Daniel A. Burn- 
ham at Essex, Mass. 

Confidence, bark, built by Crandall at Newport, R. I., 1837. 

78 




BARK "LA GRANGE" OF SALEM 
Sailed for California in 1849. Model by Dr. Levi Saunders. 




BARKENTINE "HERBERT FULLER' 
Model made in 1897. 



Constitution, U. S. Frigate, built at Boston, 1797, 2200 tons. 
Model by Herbert M. C. Skinner from original designs. 

D. A. Brayton, barkentine, built at Fall River, 1873, 530 tons. 

David B. Newcomb, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1860, 
64 tons. 

D. Chapin, bark, built at Portsmouth, N. H., 1869. 

Dash, row boat, 16 inches. 

Built from same model as Stella. 

Delight, bark, built by E. F. Miller at Salem, 1855, 550 tons. 

Delphos, ship, built at Salem, 1818, 338 tons. 

Derby, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, Mass., 1855, 
1062 tons. 

[See Paintings of Merchant Vessels.] 

Dictator, schooner, built by E. F. Miller at Salem, 1853, 200 tons. 

Eliza, ketch, of Salem, built by Enos Briggs at Salem, 1794, 184 tons. 
24 inches. 

Esther, sloop yacht. 

Model by Edwin Humphreys of Danvers, Mass., 1890. 

Essex, bark, of Salem, built by C. H. Currier & Co. at Newburyport, 
1870, 662 tons. 

Europa, bark, of Salem, built by Isaac Hall & Co. at Cohasset, Mass., 
1849, 397 tons. Purchased by Stone, Silsbee & Pickman of 
Salem for $29,000. 

79 



Fearless, ship, of Boston, built at East Boston from designs by 
Samuel A. Pook, 1853, 1183 tons. 

Flying Fish, schooner, of New London, Conn., formerly of Gloucester, 
Mass., 1870, 75 tons. 

Floradora, sloop, built at Essex, Mass., 1905. 

Florence Howard, four-masted schooner, built by the Atlantic 
Shipping Co. at Stonington, Conn., 1909, 863 tons. 

Model by the designer of the vessel, Herbert M. C. 
Skinner, scale i inch to 1 foot. 

Flying Cloud, clipper ship, built by Donald McKay at Boston, 1851, 
1783 tons. 

Model by Herbert M. C. Skinner, scale | inch to 1 foot. 
The Flying Cloud twice made the passage from New York to 
San Francisco in 89 days, thus holding the record among clipper 
ships; her commander, Josiah Perkins Creesy was born in 
Marblehead in 1814 and in his later years lived in Salem. 
All of Mr. Skinner's models are worked out with great accuracy 
and are beautifully finished. To give some idea of the labor 
value alone of a finely made half-hull model, Mr. Skinner 
writes, — "The model of the Flying Cloud represents 151 
hours of actual work besides 39 hours more spent in making 
drawings and patterns." It is the time, too, of a skilled artisan. 

Forrester, ship, of Salem, built at Newbury, 1839, 427 tons. 

Frank, schooner, built at Chester, N. S., 1860. 

Frank G. Rich, schooner, of Salem, built by Willard A. Burnham 

at Essex, Mass. 

Genevieve Loretto, schooner, built by Horace Burnham at Essex, 
Mass. 

The schooner T raj ton was built from the same model. 
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Gemsbock, bark, of New York, built at Boston, 1857, 476 tons. 

Glide, bark, of Salem, built by E. F. Miller at Salem, 1861, 495 tons. 

Golden West, clipper ship, built by Paul Curtis at Boston, 1852, 
1443 tons. 

Golconda, bark, built at Boston, 1866, 521 tons. 

Guide, bark, of Salem, built by E. F. Miller at Salem, 1857, 495 tons. 

Hancock, bark, built at Bucksport, Maine, 1869, 412 tons. 

Harry Bluff, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1870, 84 
tons. 

Harry Knowlton, schooner, built at Staten island, N. Y., 1890, 
317 tons. 

Model by Herbert M. C. Skinner, scale j inch to 1 foot, 
The Harry Knowlton, loaded with coal, on February 11, 1907. 
in Long Island Sound, struck the Providence - bound steamer 
Larchmont, formerly the International Line steamer Cumberland, 
which sunk in twelve minutes with a loss of 89 passengers and 
44 of the crew. 

Idaho, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1860, 140 tons. 

Iolanthe, schooner, built by Ira Story at Danversport, Mass., 1861 - 
1865. 

John Drew, schooner, built on the South Shore, Mass. 

Kingfisher, bark, built at New Bedford, 1856, 451 tons. 

There are two vessels of the name, the other built at Gardiner, 
Maine, 1853, but the model is probably of the one first given. 



La Plata, bark, built by E. F. Miller at Salem, 1850, 496 tons. 

Letitia, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1850, 496 tons. 

Lewis Osborne, tug-boat, built at Essex, Mass., designed by Archer 
B. Poland. 

Lizzie A. Robie, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1862, 
162 tons. 

Lottie S. Moulton, schooner, built by Willard A. Burnham at Essex, 
Mass., 1881. 

Lucia, schooner, built by Owen S. Lantz at Gloucester, Mass. 

M. Shepard, brig, of Salem, built by Samuel Lewis at Salem, 1850, 
167 tons. 

Maria Theresa, schooner, of Salem, built at Newburyport, 1848, 
148 tons. 

Mattapan, ship, built at Bath, Maine, 1885, 109 tons. 

Mattie W. Atwood, schooner, built by James Mackenzie at Essex, 
Mass., 1872, 653 tons. 

Matty Taylor, built by Crandall at Newport, R. I., 1850. 

Megunticook, bark, built at Bucksport, Maine 1866, 420 tons. 

Mexican, brig, of Salem, built by Elijah Briggs at Salem, 1824, 
227 tons. 

Mindora, schooner, built by Albert Story at Essex, Mass. 

82 




BRIG "RISING STATES" 
Model made beiore 1800. 




■SEA FOX" OF NEW BEDFORD, 1874 
Contemporary model cf a whaler. 



Nellie Rich, schooner, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 1866, 29 tons. 

Neptune, ship, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, Mass., 1853, 1032 
tons. 

The Shawmut was built from the same model. 

Neptune's Car, sloop yacht, designed and model made by Edwin 
Humphreys, Danvers, Mass., 1890. 

Nineveh, barkentine, built at East Boston, 1874, 472 tons. 

Panay, ship, of Salem, built by Justin Taylor at Boston, 1877, 1190 
tons. It cost, $74,582.75. 

Also, photographs of the ship, and builder's plans. 

Paul Revere, ship, built by Smith and Townsend at Boston, 1876, 
1657 tons, 14 inches. 

Pearl Nelson, schooner, built at Essex, Mass., about 1880. 

Schooner Abbott Baldwin was probably built from same model. 

Persia, brig, of Salem, built at Salem, 1822, 254 tons. 

Pontiac, sloop yacht, built by Packard and Burgess at Salem, for 
George S. Silsbee, 1905. 

Progress, bark, whaler, formerly the Charles Phillips, built 1843, 
358 tons. 

Also, enlarged colored photograph from a painting and 
photograph of her commander, Capt. James Dowden. The 
Progress was the whaler exhibited at the World's Fair at Chicago, 
1893. There are many objects in the museum's whaling 
collection from the Progress. [See McKibben, N. E. Magazine, 
vol. XVIII, p. 494.] 

83 



Rienza, sloop, built by Crandall at Newport, R. I., 1850. 

Risk, schooner, built on the South Shore, Mass., 1847 . 

Robert, bark, built by John Taylor at Medford, Mass., 1848, 778 
tons. 

Also, builder's plans. 

Romp, brig, built by Christopher Turner at Salem, 1809, 232 tons. 

Rosalie, schooner, built by Ira Story at Danversport, 1861 - 1865. 

St. Clair, ship, built by John J. Currier at Newburyport, 1835, 
422 tons. 

Samuel R. Crane, schooner, built by Willard A. Burnham at Essex, 
Mass., 1882. 

Screamer, bark, built by John Taylor at Medford, Mass., about 
1852. 

Senator Lodge, schooner, of Gloucester. 

Twenty-five other schooners were built from this model 
which was exhibited at the World's Fair at Chicago, 1893. 

Seth Stockbridge, schooner, built by Willard A. Burnham at Essex, 
Mass., 1875. 

Shawmut, ship, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, Mass., 1853, 1034 
tons. 

The Neptune was built from the same model. 

Stella, sail - boat, built by F. A. White of Boston for Charles T. 
Jenkins, 1880, 16 inches. 

The Dash was built from the same model. 




CONTEMPORARY MODEL OF AN 18th CENTURY SHIP 




CONTEMPORARY MODEL OF AN AMERICAN CLIPPER SHIP 
With sails carved from wood. 



Sultana, identification in doubt. [A bark Sultana was built by D. 
McKay, 1846, and another bark, Sultana, 812 tons, was built 
at Summerville, N. J., in 1877.] 

Sumatra, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Chelsea, Mass ., 

1856, 1041 tons. 

The Derby was built from the same model. 

Syren, ship, of Salem, built by John Taylor at Medford, Mass., 1851 , 
1064 tons. 

Theresa Baker, schooner, built at Essex, Mass. 

Other schooners were built from the same model. 

Truman, bark, built on the South Shore, Mass., 1846. 

William H. Thorndyke, schooner, built by Job Story at Essex, Mass . 

Half-Hull Models, Names of Vessels Unknown 

Bark, owned by Benjamin A. West and others of Salem. Probably 
the bark Arabia, 382 tons, built by Joshua Brown at Salem, 

1857, and lost the next year at Cape of Good Hope . 

Power-Boat, of Swampscott, Mass. 

Model by Cornelius Crowley of Salem, 1910. 

Schooner, designed for Bowker Brothers of Salem, 1850, but not 
built. 

Schooner, built by Oliver Burnham at Essex, Mass., 1860. 

Schooners, models of three built by Jeremiah Burnham at Essex r 
Mass. 

85 



Schooners, models of five built at Essex, Mass. 

Schooners, models of two Gloucester fishing schooners. 

Stone - Sloop, built at Essex, Mass., for Rockport, Mass., owners. 

Whalers, models of six New Bedford whalers, period of 1840 - 1860. 

Unidentified Half-Hull Models 

Model, period of 1800, open - work longitudinal strips. 

Models, of six vessels built in Salem or for Salem owners, 1820- 
1850. 

Model, vessel built by Ira Story at Danversport, Mass., 1861 - 1865. 

Model, vessel designed by Joshua Brown about 1875 but not built. 

Models, of three vessels built by Crandall at Newport, R. I., 1835- 
1850. 

Models, of two ships or barks, period of 1840 - 1850. 

Model, vessel built on the South Shore, Mass., about 1850. 

Model, sail boat, about 1880, 8 inches. 

Models, of three boats built by Benjamin P. Dobson at Rock- 
port, Mass., 8 to 12 inches. 

86 




MODELS, SCALES. SEA ANCHOR 
Builder's models of Salem ships, 1809-1870, the longest 5i feet. Scale beams and weights 
used by Salem ships on the coast of Sumatra for weighing pepper, 1820-1850. Stone pepper weight, 
early 19th Century. Ship's drag or sea anchor from William Gray's storehouse. Salem, about 1805. 



Models, of seven boats built by Daniel C. Becket and others of the 
Becket family of ship-builders at Salem, 1850 - 1870, 11 to 16 
inches. 

Model, yacht, said to be the Take-it-Easy of Salem. 

Model, steamer, made by Thomas Barker before 1850, 5 feet. 



8; 



NAUTICAL INSTRUMENTS 



. The collection includes some not strictly nautical. 

Barometers. 

Mercurial, F. Saltery & Co., London, about 1800, mahog- 
any frame, bonnet top; not in order. f[ Another, banjo 
pattern, said to have been used on the whaler Progress, but 
probably from the shipping office; not in order. C. Another, 
Timby's Patent, made by Marsh, Worcester, Mass.; imper- 
fect. C Another, James Bassnett, Liverpool, carved mahog- 
any frame, swinging socket for vessel, used by Capt. Charles 
Hoffman of Salem, about 1840; in good order. C. Another, 
Adie, London, No. 35, metal frame, socket for vessel, a fine 
modern instrument. C Cottage barometer with camphor and 
alcohol tube ; a toy. <L Aneroid barometer, 6 inches diameter, 
used by Robert Louis Stevenson in the South Seas; in good 
order. 



Binnacle. 



Two lights, compass, 6 inches, "F. W. Lincoln, Jr. & Co. 
Boston," about 1890. 



Calipers. 



Brass, 24 inches, "G. Adams Mathematical Instrument 
Maker to His Majesty, Fleet St. London"; with scale and 
tables, about 1750 - 1790, used by John Taylor, ship-builder 
of Medford and Boston, imported from London by his father. 
C Another, brass, 7 inches, for "guns," "howitzers," "quan- 
tity of powder," etc., about 1815. C. Another, of wood for 
measuring timber in ship-yards, before 1840. 




MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS 
From above: Gauging callipers, 1790, 6* feet long; another, later form 
mallets, used by riggers about 1830; instruments for drawing curves, 
1693." 



long armed serving 
inscribed "William Addison, 



Chronometers. 



In box, "M. Tobias, Liverpool" used on whaler Progress, 
about 1840. C. Another, "'Frodsham, Liverpool and Lon- 
don," used on ship Mindoro of Salem, by Capt. Charles Beadle; 
a fine instrument. 



Circles of Reflection. 

With stand, "Troughton, London 11", 1815-1820, gold 
scale; owned by Capt. William Ross Brown, U. S. Navy, in 
1861. f[ Another, in box, with adjustable glasses, detached 
handle, no inscription. 



Compasses. 

Without box, "S. Emery," 2 inches high, 6 in diameter. 
C. Also, ship's compass in box, "Benj. King Salem in New 
England," "1770," cut in box. <I. Another, "B. King Salem 
Maker," 1790. C. Another, "S. Emery, Salem." C. Another, 
"C. R. Sherman & Co. New Bedford," from whaler Progress. 
t[ Azimuth compass, "John H. Wheeler, New York." 
4[ Another, "S. Emery, Salem," finely mounted in box. 
C Tell-Tale compass, "Gray and Lissett, Liverpool" about 1850. 
C Another, "John Gilbert, Tower Hill, London," used by 
Captain Joseph Hardy Millett on ship Witch of the Wave, 1852. 
C Another, "Charles E. King, Broad St. Boston." d Com- 
pass, metal case, "S. Mansini Opticien au Havre," 4 inches 
diameter, gift to Capt. Addison Richardson of ship Charlemagne. 
€1 Dial compass with adjustable gnomon for different latitudes, 
4 inches, about 1840. C. Surveyor's compass, "William Daven- 
port Maker, Philadelphia," brass, four vanes, 8 inches. 
C. Another, wooden vanes, "Made by James Halsey near ye 
draw bridge, in Boston," probably pre- Revolutionary. C. An- 
other, with socket, old, 18th century, rudely made. C. Chinese 
compass, 3 inches, solid box. C. Another, flat with many char- 
acters in circles. The Chinese compass was originally considered 
to point to the south. C. Japanese compass, flat, in frame 14 
inches in diameter, used for a shop sign. 



Curves. 



Adjustable, with screws, 24 inches, "William Addison, 1693" 
cut in frame. <[ Another, similar, 40 inches, no inscription. 
Both from the Barker and Magoun ship-yard, Salem, established 
before 1812; undoubtedly both are about the same age. 



Dividers. 



Leg 6 inches, from Thaxter's, Boston, 1840. [See Half- 
circle and Instruments.] 

Dog- Vane. 

Light feathers on a cord attached to a short pole to place on 
the rail of a vessel to detect slight movements of the air. Made 
by Capt. Charles Beadle of ship Mindoro. 

Gauging Instruments. 

Calipers, sliding arms, 26 inches. €1 Another, 6}4 feet 
long, arms of wood, 3}4 feet, New Bedford, 18th century. 
H. Gauger's boxwood rod. f[ Gauger's iron for marking oil 
casks, barrels and timber. 



Globes. 



The Earth and the Heavens, 12 inches diameter, a set "Pub. 
by G. Wright and William Bardin, London, 1782"; the earth 
is brought up to date thru "Capt. Cook's Discoveries." 
C Another, the Heavens, "Loring, Boston, 1833," 12 inches. 
C Another, the Earth, about 1840, 5 inches. C Another 
set, the Earth and the Heavens, 12 inches diameter, Troy, 
N. Y., used by Prof. Charles Davies, LL. D. 



Gunter's Scales. 



On box- wood rulers, 2 feet; one used by Capt. Lovett on the 
ship George of Salem, about 1820. d. Another, from Hoyt 
and Jenks, ship-builders of Salem, 1830. €[ Another, "Belcher 
Brothers Makers New York." d Others, 6 inches and 12 



90 



inches, folding, fewer scales, from a case of drafting instru- 
ments used on ship Formosa of Salem, 1870. <[Also, slid- 
ing scale about 1830. 



Horizons, Artificial. 

In box, roof-shaped cover for mercury, Capt. Emery John- 
son, 1820 - 1830. C. Another, similar, Capt. Charles Hoff- 
man, about 1840. <[ Another, circular stone (alabaster) 
box, flexible base for mercury, Capt. Hoffman, 1840. 



Half-Circle. 

Wood, with brass arm, 10 inches, and scale, without sights 
or glasses, "J. W. Watkins Charing Cross London," given 
to the East India Marine Soc. in 1818 and described as, — "An 
instrument to find the chief corrections of a lunar observation." 
Four-legged dividers, by the same maker, and given at the 
same date, marked, "A. B. C. D.," described as, — "Four- 
legged compasses used to determine the longitude by the 
half-circle." 



Hydrometer. 

Wet and dry bulbs, "Cassalla, London," in a case with 
front blind made by the carpenter of ship Mindoro of Salem, 
1880. 



Hygrometers. 

Urn-shaped metal float 7 inches diameter, "N. Chamberlain, 
Boston, for U. S. Ordnance Department, 1855." Two base 
attachments with it in the box. 

Spirit testing, glass: "Hydrostatic glass bubbles" invented 
and made by "James Brown, Glasgow," each "bubble" (marked 
with a number) half-inch in diameter, in box, 3 inches in diam- 
eter. C Glass bulb with scale on long stem, used on the ships 
of Stone, Pickman & Silsbee of Salem, "B. Pike & Son, 518 
Broadway, N. Y." d Another, similar, without mark. 

9i 



Implement for striking circles in setting ships' pumps. 
Used in Essex, Mass., ship-yards before 1820. 

Instrument for obtaining diameters of small objects. 

In box 4x6 inches, with indicator, about 1830. 

Instrument for measuring depth of water, etc. 

Brass frame with propeller and indicator, "E. & G. W. Blunt, 
New York, 46" marked, "2000 fathoms," "160 miles," etc. 

Instruments for charting. 

Brass scale, dividers, pen attachments, etc., used on ship 
Formosa of Salem by Capt. J. Warren Saul. C Another 
similar. [See Dividers.] 

Instruments for laying out the course of a vessel. 

Circular, with extension for handle, compass card on one 
side, mounted card on other, about 1840; inscribed, — "Con- 
structed by Cap" 1 A. Bleasdale, made by B. I. Wood, Liver- 
pool." C Another, older, sailor made, with pins to mark 
course, said to have been used on a whaler. 

Leads. 

Hand lead, 8 pounds, about 1850. C Another, deep sea 
lead, 80 pounds, U. S. Navy, 1861. 

Log-Glass, Sand-Glass, 14 Seconds Glass. 

U. S. Navy (28 seconds), wooden frame, about 1850. 
C Another (14 seconds), wooden frame, about 1830, from 
shop of Robert Peele in Salem. C Another, from C. S. A. 
ship Florida, 1863. CL Another, brass frame, recent. 

92 



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NON-METALLIC INSTRUMENT BY DOLLAND, LONDON, ABOUT 1780 
For detecting slight variations of the earth's magnetism. 



Log, Harpoon. 

Inscribed, — "Walker's A2 Harpoon Ship Log Patented 
18 Sept. 1866." Brass frame with dial indicator, used by 
Capt. George E. Lord of Salem. 

Log-Line. 

Old form, with reel, float and "knots." made by Capt. 
Charles Beadle for the collection. 

Like tonnage the relation of knots and sea and land miles is a confusing one. 
A knot indicates a geographical or sea mile, one-sixtieth of a mean degree of longitude 
at the surface of the earth, which varies, of course, in different latitudes but is fixed 
at 6080 feet as a standard. The land or statute mile is 5280 feet. Therefore, if a 
ship is recorded as sailing at the rate of 13 knots, or thirteen sea miles an hour, a rail- 
road train going at the same speed would be recorded as traveling at the rate of 15 miles 
an hour. But the sea term knot is used solely to indicate the rate and never as describ- 
ing the distance covered; that is stated in sea miles. 

In the old days "heaving the log" meant throwing out from the stern of a vessel 
a small float — a small canvas bag was sometimes used — attached to a line running 
from a reel held clear of the rail of the vessel, the float remaining stationary in the water. 
[See illustration of nautical instrument case.] At the instant the log is "hove" 
a sand-glass, either 14 or 28 seconds, is turned. On the line are knots, — hence 
the derivation of the term, — pieces of marline or rags tied thru the strands and spaced 
the same fraction of a mile apart — about 46 feet 8 inches — which 28 seconds is the 
fraction of an hour, — about 1-128. Therefore, using the 28 seconds glass and check- 
ing the line the instant the sand runs out, the number of knots and fraction on the line 
paid out will at once indicate the number of sea miles per hour which the vessel is going; 
this is, of course, doubled if the 14 seconds glass is used which is done when the vessel 
is going very fast. 

The modern patent log, which remains indefinitely in the water attached to 
the stern of the vessel by a line and by means of revolving blades records the rate of 
the vessel's speed on an indicator, has been gradually developed from the device of 
Humfray Cole in 1578, improved upon by various inventors for three centuries, but 
not perfected and generally used much before the middle of the nineteenth century; 
since then it has superseded the old-time log and line. In the "harpoon" log of the 
1860's the indicator was combined with the rotating blades and it was necessary to 
haul in the log to read the rate of speed, but in the modern forms as the "Neptune" 
and "Rocket" logs the indicator is on the vessel and may be read at any time. 

Log-Watch. 

From the East India Marine collection received in 1803, 
described as, — "An instrument to ascertain small portions 
of time in heaving the log." In a glass case, 4 inch cube, with 
clock work and bell, and a line to start the mechanism. 

93 



Magnet. 



An instrument with stand of wood and ivory, with microscopes 
at each end of a bar magnet, to detect slight variations of the 
earth's magnetism, "Dollond, London," about 1780. 



Nocturnals. 



Used to obtain the time at night by observation of the "Bears " 
and the "North Star," inscribed, — "Nathl. Viall 1724," 
boxwood, arm 10 inches. C. Another, "Both Bears," similar, 
but no inscription. [See Seller's Navigation, also, Chatterton, 
Ships and Ways of Other Days, Chap. IX, for accounts of 
early nautical instruments.] 

Planisphere. 

Japanese, lacquered, revolving plates with inscriptions 
for the sun and planets, about 1795. 

Protractor. 

Brass, 13 inches, with two half-circle scales, about 1830. 



Quadrants (Octants). 

The arc of the Hadley quadrant, the one now used, is one 
eighth of the circle, and octant, as it is sometimes called, is a 
better name for the instrument, altho, of course, by reflection 
it represents one fourth of the circle. The two detached arcs 
of the older Davis quadrant do, however, represent one quarter 
of the circle. There were several fore-runners of the quadrant, 
— the plumb quadrant and sinical quadrant, which were really 
one quarter of the circle, the plow, the cross-staff and, still 
earlier, the astrolabe and the universal ring-dial. 

The collection of quadrants is quite large and very interesting. 
It includes both forms of the Davis quadrant and gradations 
of the Hadley quadrant from the large, old ones made wholly 
of wood, to the modern, smaller ones of metal. The beau- 
tiful and accurate workmanship of the Davis quadrants and 

94 







C^J 













SPY-GLASSES 
From above: Dutch, old, 5 leet long, used at Nagasaki, Japan; from U. S. S. Guemtrt, 1815; 
from a British prize vessel taken by an American privateer, 1779; later forms, (left) used by Enos Briggs, 
builder of the frigate Essex, 1799; (right) used by Capt. Edward Weston on the clipper ship Joseph Pea- 
body, 1856; (below), tapering, about 1820. 




NOCTURNALS 

For obtaining the time by the North star. The one at the left is inscribed "Nath u Viall 1724" 
the one at the right shows the reverse of a similar instrument. 



the earlier forms of the Hadley quadrants attest the skill of 
their makers. Made mostly of ebony and boxwood none of 
these old instruments have warped, twisted or sprung at the 
joints in the hundred and fifty or more years of their existence: 
the jointings of the Davis quadrants are marvels of good work- 
manship; they were used long after the better Hadley quadrants 
appeared. The Davis quadrants could be made by an expert 
cabinet-maker and probably were less expensive than the 
Hadley quadrants which required more professional work. 

Davis Quadrants. 

Invented by John Davis, the explorer, 1590. Early form, 
solid shade vane, "J. Hutchins, St. Catherines, London." 
<[ Another, similar, no inscription, fl Another, later form, 
lens in shade vane, "Made by William Williams in King St., 
Boston for Malachi Allen, 1768." Q Another, inscribed, — 
"A1016L." d Another, — "Made by G. Gagger, Newport 
Rhoad Island, 1773" for "Daniel Fish." All are about 22 to 
24 inches from horizon vane to sight vane. These are 
sometimes called "Jackass quadrants"; they were used by the 
observer standing back to the sun. 

Hadley Quadrants. 

Devised by John Hadley in England, 1731, and indepen- 
dently by Thomas Godfrey of Philadelphia, 1732. Both 
Hadley and Godfrey received rewards of 200 pounds sterling 
from the Royal Society of London for their inventions. All 
parts of wood, arms 19 to 22 inches, — "Made by John 
Dupee for Patrick Montgomerie 1755." C. Another, — "Made 
by John Gilbert of Tower Hill, London for Hector Orr, 
1768." C. Another, — "Sterrop, London, for Arthur Tyburn, 

1772." e. Another, — "Wm s 1779." C Another, part 

brass, — "David Young, jr. 1781." 

Forms with more metal, — "Spencer Browning and Rust 
London" used by Capt. Peter Morse, 1801. <[ Another, 
by the same makers, used by Capt. Richard Wheatland, 1805. 
€L Another, about 1790, used by Capt. Nathaniel Silsbee of 
Salem, later U.S. Senator, about 1792, inscribed, — "Joseph 

95 



Roux fils aine Marseille," arm 14> 2 inches. "Joseph Ange 
Anton Roux, 1765 - 1835, was established as a hydrographer 
on a quay at Marseilles." [Letter of M. F. Servian, Marseilles, 
Feb. 1917.] It is probable that Senator Silsbee's quadrant 
was obtained from a member of this family whose paintings 
of ships are so beautifully executed. C. Another, from ship 
Hercules of Salem, 1820, "J. Urings, London," frame and 
arm metal. C Others, — "Melling & Co. Southward Castle, 
Liverpool." 11-K inches; "Gardner, Glasgow," used on 
whaler Progress of 1840; "Richard Lekeux, No. 137, near 
Execution Dock Wapping London," used by Nathaniel Bow- 
ditch on ship Astrea of Salem, 1801; "Smith and Rammage 
Aberdeen"; "J. King, Bristol," "Norie & Co., London," sold 
by "Samuel Thaxter, Boston" and used by Capt. John 
Hodges of Salem, 1830; "G. Bradford, Minories, London," 
wholly metal, used by Capt. Charles Beadle on ship Mindoro 
of Salem, 1880. Many of the older quadrant boxes, being 
of pine or oak, are painted and decorated, some with Wash- 
ington's portrait, others with emblems, flags, etc. The older 
Hadley quadrants are provided with "backsights" so that 
they may be used in the manner finally adopted for the Davis 
quadrant, the observer standing with his back to the sun. 



Rulers, Parallel. 

Several of ebony, 6 to 14 inches. One used by Capt. Charles 
Beadle of ship Mindoro of Salem. C One of lignum vitse made 
of wood from U. S. S. Cumberland sunk at Hampton Roads, Va., 
1864. H Another, of ebony with the name of Capt. Thomas 
Perkins inlaid in ivory dots by a sailor. 



Scales, Scale - Beams and Weights. 

Small balances used on Salem ships 1790 to 1850 for weighing 
medicine, gold-dust and for other purposes. <L Also, set of 
weights for gold and silver. f[ Scale beams, 3^4 to 5}4 feet 
used on Salem ships Carolina Augusta and Formosa, with 
twenty-four 56 pound weights, for weighing pepper on the 
Sumatra coast, used early to middle nineteenth century. 

96 




DAVIS QUADRANTS 
At lelt, old form with solid shade vane, abcut 1750; at right, later form with 

dated 1768. 



rlass in shade vane. 



Sextants. 



The Sextant was suggested by Captain Campbell, H. B. M. 
Navy, in 1757, in order to measure greater angles than was 
possible with the Quadrant (Octant). The sextants in the col- 
lection show progressive development much less than the 
quadrants, altho some of the earlier forms have a certain 
resemblance to the old wooden Quadrants. Several of the sex- 
tants have interesting histories. Old form, large, "Bradford, 
London," sold by "S. Emery, Salem." C. Another, "J. 
Bleuler, London," frame wood, arm brass. C Another, 
"Parkinson and Frodsham, Liverpool, all metal, as are all of 
the rest. €t Another, "Cameron, Liverpool," about 1840. 
C Another, with adjustable handle, used by Capt. Charles 
Farrington, Salem. C. Another, "Thomas Jones. Liver- 
pool." C. Another, "Sibbarrad, London," used by Lieut. 
Jesse Smith, U. S. N., 1830. C. Another, used in turn by three 
Salem shipmasters, — Capt. Whittredge, Capt. N. T. Snell, 
Capt. William Beadle, from 1810 to 1880. C Another, 
"Hughes, London," used by Capt. Philip P. Pinel of Salem, 
d Another, "William Holliwell from London, Liverpool" 
used by Nathaniel Bowditch, compiler of the Navigator and 
President of the Salem East India Marine Society, 1820 - 
1823. C. Another, by "Dollond, London," presented to 
Capt. Addison Richardson by the passengers on the packet- 
ship Duchesse d' Orleans, 1838. CL Another, "G. Gowland, 
76 Castle St., Liverpool," the sextant used by Dr. David 
Livingstone, the African Explorer, and sold with his effects 
at Zanzibar by order of the Royal Geographical Society and 
there purchased by Capt. William Beadle of Salem who used 
it on several voyages and finally gave it to the Museum. 



Sextant, Pocket or Box. 

"W. Harris & Co., 50 Holborn, London and at Hamburg 
Brass, 3 inches in diameter, minor parts missing. 



Sounding Iron. 



Iron rod two feet long graduated in inches with a line to 
lower it. Used to find the depth of water in the hold of a 
vessel; it is dropped through the space left for the purpose 
at the side of the ship's pump. 



Spy Glasses. 



Wooden barrel, taken from a British prize vessel by Capt. 
James Barr in a Salem privateer near the Irish coast in 1779, 
32 inches long, short sliding tube. <[ Another, 48 inches 
long, used on U. S. S. Guerriere during the Algerian War, 1815. 
C. Another, modern form, used by Enos Briggs, builder of 
the frigate Essex, 1799. C. Another, used by Nathaniel 
Bowditch, LL. D., compiler of the Navigator, when a Salem 
ship-master. C. Others, "Smith and Bond, London," and 
several of similar form but not marked. C. Another, with 
copper tube 5 feet long, used by the Japanese at Nagasaki to 
watch for foreign ships, probably obtained from the Dutch 
and may be very old. 



Slates. 



Hand slate used on the whaler Progress for figuring positions 
before entering the record of the day in the log-book. 
C, Another, from the counting room of Gamaliel Hodges, 
merchant of Salem. 



Telescope. 



Ponchon's, for measuring distances, polished brass tube 
25 inches long, sliding scale at side, in a wooden case. 



Thermometers. 



Spirit, wooden frame, registering cold, "W. & S. Jones, 
Holborn, London," belonged to Rev. Dr. Prince of Salem, 
marked on back "May 5, 1817, $4.25." C Another, by the 
same makers, used by Dr. Edward A. Holyoke of Salem, 1825 
C Another, used on ships Syren and Columbia by Capt' 




HADLEY QUADRANTS (OCTANTS) 
Above, John Dupee. maker, 1755; John Gilbert, London, 1768. Below, Spencer Browning 
& Rust, London, about 1800; J. Urings, London, wholly metal. Center, Nrrie & Co.. London, about 
1840, modern form with telescopic eye-piece. The earlier forms have "back sights " 



Edward A. Silsbee, 1853 - 1854. d. Another, Russian inscrip- 
tion, Reaumur and Fahrenheit, used on ship George of Salem, 
1820. C Another, portable 6 inches, centigrade scale. All 
but the first are mercurial. 

Transit, Bliss' Solar. 

Telescope on brass stand, 11 inches. 

Water-Testing Apparatus (Water-bottle). 

Bottle with netting, lead sinker and long line, arranged to 
be opened at any desired depth to obtain water for the purpose 
of testing, about 1850. 



Watches. 



Silver case, double, 1765, — "M. Hurst, London," showing 
the sort of time-piece used at sea before the days of chro- 
nometers. C Another, gold case, double, — "John Jackson, 
London," about 1801, made to order for William Gray, mer- 
chant of Salem, for his daughter, Lucia Gray. 



99 



PORTRAITS 



The portraits in the Peabody Museum are nearly all of Salem 
ship-masters and merchants engaged in foreign commerce, chiefly 
with China, Africa, South America and the Pacific. A few are por- 
traits of trustees and officers of the Peabody Museum and of Orientals 
with whom the Salem merchants held business relations. The found- 
ers of the Salem East India Marine Society in 1799 are represented 
by Nathaniel Silsbee, Dudley Leavitt Pickman, Jacob Crown- 
inshield, Benjamin Carpenter, Jonathan Hodges and Josiah Orne; 
and, in addition, Rev. William Bentley who may be called its Chap- 
lain; the later Presidents of the Society by Nathaniel Bow- 
ditch, Richard and Nathaniel L. Rogers, William Fettyplace and 
Allen Putnam. The great merchants of Salem whose fleets of ships 
made their way into every sea are represented by portraits of Elias 
Hasket Derby, William Orne, William Gray, Edward Allen, Nathaniel 
West, Joseph Peabody, Pickering Dodge, Nathan Ward Neal and John 
Bertram. There are fifty-eight portraits of ship-masters in the col- 
lection. Among the artists of note whose work is found here are 
C. R. Leslie, Charles B. T. F. de St. Memin, James Frothing- 
ham, F. Alexander, Charles Osgood, Edgar Parker, Frank W. Benson 
and I. H. Caliga. There are no old portraits for the period covered 
is practically within the limits of the nineteenth century. The col- 
lection is in many ways a remarkable one and the portraits bring out 
the strength of character of the men who established the foreign 
commerce of the country and whose ships were the first to carry the 
American flag to so many distant ports, men of whom many in their 
maturity were called to important service in the State and Nation, — 
Silsbee as United States Senator, Gray as Lieut. Governor of Mass., 




SEXTANTS 
Above, Bradford, London, about 1810; J Bleuler, London, wooden frame, eld. Below, G. Gowland, 
Liverpool, the sextant used in Africa by Dr. Livingstone. 



Jacob Crowninshield to Congress, Benjamin W. Crowninshield to 
President Madison's cabinet, while many others served as U. S. Con- 
suls in distant countries notably in the East. 

The fortunes amassed by the old merchants must be considered 
in connection with the times in which they lived and the wealth of 
the nation at that period. Now that we are living in an age which 
thinks in billions they were small, yet Elias Hasket Derby died in 
1799, supposedly the richest man in America; William Gray in 1807 
owned thirty-five square-rigged vessels, one - fourth of the tonnage of 
Salem; Joseph Peabody built, owned and freighted eighty-seven 
ships, and paid duties at the Salem Custom House on five cargoes 
brought in two of these of over $500,000.00 while in all he shipped 
7,000 seamen and advanced forty-five who entered his service as boys 
to the position of ship-master. 

It is interesting to find here the portraits of merchants and rulers 
of foreign lands whose friendship with the Salem merchants is evi- 
denced by their place in the collection, — Eshing, the Hong silk 
merchant of Canton in 1805, Nasserwanjee, a Parsee merchant of 
Bombay in 1803, Ahmet ben Haman, the representative of the Sultan 
of Muscat in 1835, and Seyyid Said who was "Sultan" of Zanzibar 
in 1850. Three life-size portrait clay figures (in the India section 
in the gallery of Weld Hall) of native merchants of Calcutta, with whom 
the merchants of Salem had constant dealings and friendly relations 
during the early half of the 19th century, have been preserved in the 
collection for nearly one hundred years. They are Rajkissen 
Mitter, 1838, Durgha Prasanna Ghose and Rajendra Dutte, 1848. 

Among other portraits directly connected with history and 
development of the Peabody Museum are those of George Peabody, 
the founder of the trust in 1867, Col. Francis Peabody of Salem, the 
first President of the Board of Trustees, Prof. Edward S. Morse, 
Director, naturalist, and eminent authority on Japanese pottery, 
John Robinson, trustee since 1875 and officer of the museum, and 
John Henry Sears, for many years curator of geology and botany. 



Painted Portraits 

The portraits are in oil unless otherwise stated and the sizes 
given are in inches. 

Ahmet Ben Haman. By Edward Mooney, 1840. 38 x 48. 

Accredited representative from the Sultan of Muscat, Arabia, 
to President Van Buren, who came to this country in his own 
ship, the Sultanee, in 1840. This portrait came to the museum 
thru the son of William McMullan, Esq. of Salem, American 
consul at Zanzibar, to whom it was given by Ahmet. 

Aiken, William B., 1814 - 1884. Painted about 1850. 20 x 24. 
Ship-master of Salem. 

Allen, Edward, 1735 - 1803. Head of a larger portrait cut down by 
Rev. William Bentley in 1816. [See Diary of William Bentley, 
vol. IV, p. 383.] 14 x 18. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Commanded schooner 
Baltick, 1765. 

Allen, Edward, 1763 - 1845. 24 x 31. 
Merchant of Salem. 

Allen, John Fiske, 1807 - 1876. Miniature. 

Supercargo and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 
1832. f[ Also, cameo cut in Italy and pencil drawing from 
which it was cut. 

Barr, James, 1754 - 1848. Painted at Leghorn, 1806. 19 x 22. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1799. Com- 
manded privateer ship Rover, 20 guns, 100 men, 1781, and other 
privateer vessels and merchant ships. 



Becket, John, 1791 - 1873. Painted abroad about 1820. 24 x 30. 
Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1827. 

Becket, John, 1776-1816. Pastel by Horneman, 1811. 15x16. 
Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1806. 

Benson, Samuel, 1790 - 1862. 25 x 30. 

Ship-master of Salem and factor for Boston mercantile 
house in India. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1822. Commanded 
brig Reaper, 1820 and bark Eliza, 1829. 



Bentley, Rev. William, D. D., 1759 - 1819. By James Frothing- 
ham. 22 x 27. 

Diarist, pastor of Second Church, Salem; assisted in form- 
ing the Salem East India Marine Society, 1799. 



Bertram, John, 1796 - 1882. By Edgar Parker, 1883. 26 x 48. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem, philanthropist. Mem- 
ber E. I. M. Soc, 1868. Born in the island of Jersey; after 
an adventurous sea life in an American privateer and as com- 
mander of the brig Velocity and ship Black Warrior, he estab- 
lished a business house in Salem and Zanzibar and also carried 
on trade with Europe, South America and California. He 
founded and generously endowed many institutions in Salem. 
[See Osgood and Batchelder, Sketch of Salem, p. 134.] 



Black Hawk, 1767 - 1838. 26 x 40. 

Noted American Indian of the Sauk and Fox tribe. 

Blake, Robert, 1599 - 1657. Probably an early copy. 20 x 24. 

British Admiral. 

103 



Bowditch, Nathaniel, LL. D., 1773 - 1838. By Charles Osgood, 
1835. 48 x 66. 

Eminent mathematician, compiler of the "Navigator," 1801. 
Member E. I. M. Soc, 1800 and President, 1820 - 1823. Com- 
manded the ship Putnam, 1802. The nautical instruments 
used by Dr. Bowditch and his writing table are preserved in 
the museum collection. 

Bridges, Henry Gardner, 1789-1849. Painted about 1834. 25x28. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1822. Com- 
manded ship Janus, 1829. 

Briggs, James Buffington, 1790 - 1857. Painted abroad. 21 x 26. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1821. Com- 
manded ship Emerald, 1836. 

Brooks, John Franklin, 1838 - 1914. By Frank W. Benson, 1914. 
38 x 48. 

Merchant of Salem and Boston. 

Brown, William, 1769 - 1802. Painted abroad. 20 x 24. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1800. Com- 
manded ship Brutus lost on Cape Cod, Feb. 22, 1802. 

Brown, William, 1783-1833. Copy. 24x32. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1825. 

Buffington, James, 1798 - 1881. Painted abroad. 20 x 25. 
Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1869. 

BURRILL, Josiah G., 1784 - 1832. 19 x 26. 
Ship-master of Salem. 

104 



Carnes, John, 1755 - 1796. Probably painted about 1783. 24 x 30. 

Ship-master of Salem and Beverly. Commanded the Revo- 
lutionary privateers Gen. Lincoln, Hector, and Montgomery. An 
interesting portrait in naval uniform with a ship at the left, 
wearing what is evidently intended for the American flag 
adopted June 14, 1777, and another at the right with the 
British ensign. 

Carpenter, Benjamin, 1751 - 1823. Probably painted in Europe. 
30 x 40. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1799, and 
President, 1806 - 1808, 1811 - 1812. A fine and interesting por- 
trait. Commanded the ship Massachusetts of Boston, 1789 
and had previously commanded the first cartel sent 
from this country to England in the War of the Revolution. 
He built the house on Federal St. opposite Carpenter St., 
which was named for him. [See Harrison, The Stars and 
Stripes, p. 136.] 

Cleveland, George William, 1812 - 1848. By J. Metzer, Antwerp, 
1835. 16 x 18. 

Merchant of Salem. 



Cleveland, William, 1777 - 1842. By St. Memin. 16 x 21. 
Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1821. 

Cook, Capt. James, 1728 - 1779. By M. Come after early engraving, 
1803. 21 x 30. 

English navigator. 

Crowninshield, Benjamin, 1785 - 1836. Pastel by Miss Mary Gull- 
iver, 1890, after a miniature. 24 x 32. C. Also, painting in 
oil. later in life. 27 x 34. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1799. Com- 
manded the privateers John and Alexander in the War of 1812. 

105 



He was sailing-master of his cousin George Crowninshield's 
Cleopatra's Barge on the Mediterranean trip in 1817. 

Crowninshield, George, 1766 - 1817. Crayon outline after contem- 
porary drawing. 13 x 18. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Commanded the ship 
Belisarius, 1794, and in 1813 chartered and took the brig 
Henry to Halifax for the bodies of Capt. Lawrence and Lt. 
Ludlow of the ill-fated Chesapeake. He owned and sailed to 
the Mediterranean in 1817, the yacht Cleopatra's Barge, the 
first ocean going American yacht. [See References.] 

Crowninshield, Jacob, 1770 - 1818. By Robert Hinkley after an 
early miniature. 26 x 33. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 
1799, and Treasurer. Commanded ship America (2d), 1797, 
member of U. S. Congress, 1802, until his death in Washing- 
ton, 1808. He was appointed Secretary of the Navy by Pres- 
ident Jefferson in 1806 but declined to serve on account of ill 
health. 



Derby, Elias Hasket, 1739 - 1799. By James Frothingham. 25 x 
31. 

Merchant of Salem and one of the most eminent and suc- 
cessful merchants of his time in America. [See Osgood and 
Batchelder, Sketch of Salem, p. 130; Peabody, The Derbys of 
Salem, E. I. Hist. Coll., vol. XLIV, p. 193.] 

Dodge, Pickering, 1778 - 1833. By George Southward after James 
Frothingham. 25 x 31. 

Merchant of Salem. 



Eagleston, John Henry, 1803 - 1884. By Charles Osgood. 28 x 36. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1829. Com- 
manded vessels to the Fiji islands, 1830-1840; the ship 

106 







Y - YLj 




Emerald, 1833; the brig Mary and Ellen, the first vessel to 
sail from Massachusetts to California on the news of the dis- 
covery of gold, October 28, 1848; the bark Edward Koppisch, 
1854. 



Elkins, Henry, 1761 - 1836. Pastel by Hirschmann, Holland, 1791, 
oval. 9 x 12. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I.M. Soc, 1800. Com- 
manded ships Juno, Ulysses, Atlantic and brig Telemachus. 

Eshing. By a Chinese artist, 1809. 22 x 27. 

Hong merchant of Canton, China, early 19th century. 

Fettyplace, William, 1780 - 1867. By Charles Osgood. 25 x 30. 

Merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1816, and Pres- 
ident, 1832 - 1836. 

Fiske, John Brown, 1804 - 1881. By B. C. Schiller, 1846. 30 x 41. 
Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1851. 

Fuller, Thomas, 1812 - 1906. By a Chinese artist. 15 x 19. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1869. Last 
surviver of the company on the brig Mexican when attacked 
by pirates, 1832. 

Gallup, John Lovett, 1811 - 1853. Painted about 1830. 21 x 27. 
Ship-master of Beverly. 

Gale, Samuel, 1783 - 1829. 18 x 24. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1827. Lost 
in brig Indus, 1829. 

107 



Gillis, James Dunlap, 1798 - 1835. By R. T. Furness, 1909, after 
F. de Braekleer of Antwerp, 1826. 27 x 33. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1823. Capt. 
Gillis contributed many important nautical observations to the 
U. S. government in the interest of commerce and security of 
navigation which received acknowledgement in its publications. 
He died on board of the ship Equator of which he was in 
command. 



Gray, William, 1750 - 1825. Copy after Gilbert Stuart. 28 x 38. 

Eminent merchant of Salem, Lieut. Governor of Massachu- 
setts. C. Also, a marble bust by Henry Dexter, 1806 - 1876. 
[See Edward Gray, William Gray of Salem, Boston, 1914.] 



Haraden, Captain, by George Furze, Leghorn, 1807. 18 x 22. 

Ship-master (?) of Gloucester, Mass. The portrait came from 
Gloucester and was thought to be Capt. Jonathan Haraden, the 
Revolutionary privateersman, who came from Gloucester to 
Salem, but he died in 1803. 



Hoffman, Charles, 1797 - 1878. By Charles Osgood. 29 x 36. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. 

^ Soc, 1869. Commanded schooner Fredonia, 1829; later, 

merchant engaged in the West Coast of Africa trade owning 

many vessels. 



King, Henry, 1783 - 1834. Painted abroad. 17 x 22. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1822. Com- 
manded ship Clarissa of Boston, 1818. 



King/Henry Franklin, 1811 - 1888. By Charles Osgood. 24 x 31. 

Ship-master of Salem, student of pomology and kindred 
subjects. Son of Captain Henry King. 

108 



King, Robert Watts, 1814-1842. 31 x 40. <[ Another, similar but 
small, copy of first. 10 x 12. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1840. Son of 
Capt. Henry King. 



Johnson, William, 1796 - 1837. Painted abroad. 22 x 30. 
Ship-master of Salem. 

Lander, William, 1788 - 1834. Painted abroad. 17 x 22. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 
1822. Commanded brig Romp 1809. 

Lefavour, Joseph, 1853. 25 x 32. 

Ship-master of Salem. 

Lendholm, Frederick, 1820 - 1863. Painted abroad. 20 x 24. 

Ship-master of Salem. Commanded bark Star, 1849 and 
ship John Bertram, 1851. 

Lendholm, Rebecca M., 1819-1872. A companion portrait. 20 x 24. 
Wife of Capt. Lendholm. 

McLean, Hugh, 1770 - 18—, Painted in Palermo, 1809. 24 x 30. 
Ship-master. 

Morse, Prof. Edward S., 1838 . By Frank W. Benson, 1913. 

34 x 42. 

Director of the Peabody Museum of Salem since July, 1880. 
109 



Mugford, William, 1762 - 1840. Pastel, foreign. 10 x 12. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1801. Com- 
manded ship Ulysses, 1804, and received gold medal of the 
American Philosophical Soc, 1804, for temporary rudder de- 
vised by him. 

Nasserwanjee, 17— - 18—. Painted, in India, 1802. 28 x 37. 

Parsee merchant of Bombay, India. C. Also, a life-size 
figure, head and hands probably carved by a Salem wood-carver, 
with the costume given by Nasserwanjee to the E. I. M. Soc. 
He was a friend and business correspondent of Salem mer- 
chants. 

Neal, Nathaniel Ward, 1797-1850. By Francis Alexander. 29 x 36. 
Merchant of Salem. 

Orne, Josiah, 1786 - 1825. 20 x 26. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Commanded ship 
Malabar, 1820. 

Orne, William, 1752-1814. 17x21. 

Merchant and large ship owner of Salem. 

Peabody, Brackley Rose, 1798 - 1874. 26 x 34. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1842. Served 
on privateer Surprise, 1814, commanded ships Borneo, Exchange, 
Madagascar, 1840 - 1855. 

Peabody, Col. Francis, 1801 - 1867. By Frances Chamberlain after 
Richard Stagg. 29 x 36. 

Merchant of Salem. First President of the Trustees of the 
Peabody Museum of Salem, 1867. 



Peabody, George, 1795 - 1869. By A. Bertram Schell, 1869. 48 x 
66. 

Merchant and banker of London, philanthropist. Founder 
of the Peabody Museum of Salem, 1867. C. Also, bronze 
medallion by A. Baer, oval. 12 x 14. [See Hannaford, Life of 
George Peabody; various encyclopedias, etc., for benefactions.] 



Peabody, Joseph, 1757 - 1844. By Charles Osgood. 28 x 66. 

Merchant of Salem. After an adventurous life in Revolution- 
ary privateers, he bought and commanded the schooner Three 
Friends in which he made several voyages, but soon gave up the 
sea for mercantile pursuits and became one of the most 
eminent merchants of Salem. [See Paine, Ships and Sailors 
of Old Salem, p. 225.] 



Phipps, John Adams, 1803 - 1866. Painted abroad. 23 x 27. 
Ship-master of Salem. 



Pickman, Dudley Leavitt, 1779 - 1846. By A. Hartwell after 
Chester Harding. 30 x 36. 

Merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1800, and Pres- 
ident, 1817 - 1820. 



Potter, John, 1781-1820. Painted abroad about 1807, oval. 17x21. 
Ship-master. 



Pratt, Joseph, 1754 - 1832. By Henry C. Pratt, son of Captain 
Pratt. 25 x 30. 

Ship-master of Salem. In the American Revolution he com- 
manded Elias Hasket Derby's privateer ship Grand Turk, 28 
guns, 140 men. 



Preston, Joseph, 1780 - 1840. By Michael Vervoort of Antwerp, 

1820. 27x32. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1821. Com- 
manded brig Wild Goose, 1817. 

Putnam, Allen, 1794 - 1868. By Charles Osgood. 22 x 26. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 

1821, and President, 1857 - 1864. Commanded brig Governor 
Endicott, 1833. 

Reith, John 17 18 — . Painted abroad. 14 x 17. 

Ship-master of Salem. 

Reynolds, Stephen, 1782-1857. By J. M. Stanley, Honolulu, 1848. 
26 x 32. 

Of West Boxford, Mass. Harbor-master of Honolulu, H. T., 
where he resided from 1823 - 1855. 

Richardson, Addison, 1804 - 1871. Miniature. 

Ship-master. Commanded ships Charlemagne, 1828 - 1838, 
Duchesse d 'Orleans, 1838. [See Richardson memorial collection 
in Marine Room.] 

Richardson, Isaac, 1796 - 1834. Painted abroad. 12 x 18. 

Ship-master. Brother of Captain Addison Richardson. 

Robinson, John, 1846 . By Frank W. Benson, 1916. 38 x 48. 

Honorary member E. I. M. Soc, 1869. Trustee Peabody 
Museum of Salem since 1875. 

Rogers, John Whitingham, 1786 - 1872. By Miss Georgine Camp- 
bell, 1916. 29 x 36. 

Merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1840. 



Rogers, Nathaniel L., 1785- 1858. 9 x 11. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 
1813, and President, 1820-1821. Commanded ship Java, 
1810; opened American trade with Australia. 

Rogers, Richard Saltonstall, 1790 - 1823. By Robert Hinkley 
1888. 26 x 33. 

Merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1819, and Pres- 
ident, 1836 - 1839. The three Rogers members of the E. I. M. 
Soc. were brothers and together were engaged in mercantile 
pursuits in Salem. 

Ropes, Andrew M., 1830 - 1910. Painted abroad. 18 x 24. 

Ship-master of Salem. Commanded ship Raduga of Boston, 
1863. 

Rhuee, Thomas, 1814. Painted abroad. 17 x 20. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1805. 

Safford, Joshua, 1779 - 1843. Painted abroad, 1835. 15 x 19. 

Ship-master of Salem. Commanded brig Laura of Salem 
after 1827. 

Said bin Sultan, Seyyid (Prince), 1804 -1856. Painted about 1855 
by Lieut. Lynch. 11 x 13. d. Another, copy of the first, by 
George Southward of Salem. 10 x 12. 

"Sultan" of Zanzibar. Seyyid Said made a treaty with the 
United States in 1833 and, beginning with Richard Palmer 
Waters in 1836, eleven Salem ship-masters and merchants in 
turn followed as American Consuls at Zanzibar. With the 
Consuls and merchants Seyyid Said had constant intercourse. 
The museum possesses several letters from Seyyid Said, the 
Imaum of Muscat, and other native rulers and merchants, and 
two Aden coffee contracts, all beautifully inscribed in Arabic 
characters. One letter, about 1851, from the Sultan to 

"3 



Michael Shepard, Esq., of Salem, refers to a diamond ring 
which he sends him; the ring itself came into possession of 
the museum thru the kindness of a member of the family of 
Mr. Shepard. 

Saul, Thomas, 1787 - 1875. Painted abroad. 24 x 28. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1820. Cap- 
tain Saul was the last custodian of the society's museum pre- 
vious to the transfer to the Peabody Museum Trustees in 
1867. 

Scobie, John J., 1808 - 1857. Painted abroad about 1845. 10 x 12. 

Ship-master of Salem and Boston. The ship in which he 
made his last voyage was never heard from after leaving port. 

Sears, John Henry, 1843 - 1910. By I. H. Caliga, 1908. 32 x 41. 

Curator of botany, mineralogy and geology, at the Peabody 
Museum of Salem, 1892 - 1910. 

Silsbee, Nathaniel, 1773 - 1850. By A. Hartwell after Chester 
Harding. 30 x 36. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 
1799. United States Senator from Massachusetts, 1826 - 1835. 

Smith, Samuel, 1798 - 1838. 24 x 30. 
Ship-master of Salem. 

Story, William, 1774 - 1864. Probably painted in China. 22 x 26. 

Ship-master of Salem. Commanded the ships Marquis de 
Somerulas, 1800; Friendship, 1803. 

Townsend, Penn, 1772 - 1846. Painted abroad. 24 x 30. C. Also, 
miniature. 

114 





AHMET BEN HAMAN 
High official of Muscat. 



SEYYID SAID 
Sultan cf Zanzibar. 





ESHING NASSERWANJEE 

Merchant of Canton. Merchant of Bcmbay. 

PORTRAITS OF ORIENTALS 



Ship-master of Salem. Commanded schooners- Olive Branch, 
1793; Whim, 1795; brig Rambler, 1801; brigantines Martha, 
1803; Telemachus, 1809; brig Eunice, 1817 and privateer 
schooners Macedonian and Frolic in the War of 1812; he was a 
Lieutenant in the U. S. Revenue service. 



Upton, Charles, 1824-1865. 25x31. 

Ship-master of Salem. Commanded bark Edward Koppisch, 
1852. 



Vespucci, Amerigo, 1451 - 1512. An old painting, formerly in the 
Old Boston Museum, Tremont St., Boston. 21 x 24. 

Discoverer, navigator. 



Ward, Andrew, 1793 - 1860. By Charles Osgood. 25 x 31. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1830. Made 
the first entry at Zanzibar in the (then an unusual rig) three- 
masted schooner Spy in 1827 and commanded the bark Said 
bin Sultan, 1856. 



Ward, Samuel Curwen, 1767 - 1817. 18 x 23. 

Supercargo on Salem vessels; clerk on the voyage of the 
Cleopatra's Barge to the Mediterranean, 1817. 



Ward, William Raymond Lee, 1811 - 1898. 22 x 26. 

Supercargo and merchant of Salem. Son of Samuel Curwen 
Ward. 



Weld, Charles Goddard, M. D., 1858 - 1911. By Frederick Quinby 
of Boston, 1918. 30 x 36. 

Benefactor of the Peabody Museum of Salem. 
"5 



West, Nathaniel, 1756-1851. By C. R. Leslie. 28x36. 

Ship-master, privateersman and merchant of Salem. After 
many adventures in early Revolutionary privateers, he com- 
manded the ship Black Prince, 18 guns and 160 men, and 
the ships Junius and Oliver Cromwell. As a merchant he 
owned many famous Salem ships. [See Paine, Ships and 
Sailors of Old Salem, p. 207.] 

Wheatland, Richard, 1762 - 1830. Copy of a foreign painting. 
18 x 24. 

Ship-master and merchant of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 
1800. In early life he was in the British navy but settled in 
Salem about 1783. Commanded the ship Perseverance and was 
at Canton, China, in 1798, and successfully engaged a French 
privateer in our naval war with France in 1799. [See letter 
and account in Hurd, History of Essex County, vol. I, p. 68.] 

White, George F. 19 x 24. 

Ship-master of Salem about 1840. 

Whittredge, Henry Trask, 1794 - 1830. Painted about 1820. 
25 x 32. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1823. 

Winn, Francis Augustus. Painted about 1840. 18 x 24. 
Ship-master of Salem. 



Silhouettes 
Cheever, Josiah Choate, 1809 - 1851. 

Cleveland, George, 1781-1840. "Bache's patent" (stamped). 

Ship-master of Salem. Member of E. I. M. Soc, 1821, and 
President, 1827-1830. 

u6 




8 a 

o a 



Cleveland, Elizabeth (Hodges). 

Wife of Capt. George Cleveland. 

Emery, Captain Noah. Cut by Moses Chapman about 1835. 
Ship-master. 

Goodhue, Hon. Benjamin, 1784 - 1814. Full length. 

Merchant of Salem. U. S. Senator, 1784 - 1789. 

Hodges, Benjamin, 1754-1806. "King" (stamped). 

Ship-master. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1799, and President 
1799 - 1806. 

Hodges, Mrs. Benjamin. "King" (stamped). 
Wife of Capt. Benjamin Hodges. 

Hodges, Jonathan, 1764 - 1837. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1799, and 
first secretary of the society, 1799 - 1801. 

Mansfield, Charles, 1801 - 1868. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1835. 

Pickman, Dudley Leavitt, 1779 - 1846. 
[See Painted Portraits.] 

Rhoades, Charles, 1823 - 1862. Full length. 
Ship-master of Salem. 

Robinson, James. Cut by Moses Chapman about 1835. 
Ship-master. 

117 



Saunders, Jonathan P., 1785-1844. "Bache's patent" (stamped). 
Supercargo of Salem. 

Vanderford, Benjamin, 1787 - 1842. 

Ship-master of Salem. Member E. I. M. Soc, 1820. On 
the Wilkes Exploring Expedition, 1837 - 1842, at the time of 
his death. 

West, Nathaniel, 1756 - 1851. Full length. 
[See Painted Portraits.] 

West, Captain. Cut by Moses Chapman about 1835. 
Williams, Captain. Cut by Moses Chapman about 1835. 
Willoby, Captain. Cut by Moses Chapman about 1835. 

Statuary 

Gray, William, 1750 - 1825. Marble bust by Henry Dexter. 
Salem merchant. [See Painted Portraits.] 

Dutte, Rajendra. Life-size figure, seated. A gift to the museum 
in 1848. 

Native merchant of Calcutta, India. 

Ghose, Durgha Prasanna. Life-size figure, seated. A gift to the 
museum before 1850. 

Native merchant of Calcutta, India. 

Mitter, Rajkissen. Life-size figure, seated. A gift to the museum 
in 1838. 

Native merchant of Calcutta, India. 

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YA.MQUA 
Merchant of Canton. Head and hands carved by 
Samuel Mclntire. 1801. 



CHINESE MANDARIN 
Head and hands carved by Joseph True. 1838. 



The last three figures are moulded in clay, are seated in 
chairs made in India and are dressed in native costumes. [See 
Other Merchants and Sea-Captains of Old Boston, brochure, 
State Street Trust Company, 1919, p. 44, for account of 
Radhakissen Mitter, head of the mercantile house of Radha- 
kissen Mitter, Rajkissen Mitter & Co. of Calcutta.] 

Nasserwanjee. Life-size figure, in a costume given by him to the 
museum in 1803. The head and hands were 'carved by a 
Salem wood-carver, possibly Samuel Mclntire, at the same 
date. 

Parsee merchant of Bombay, India. [See Painted Portraits.] 

Yamqua. Life-size figure, dressed in a costume of his own, brought 
from China in 1801 by Capt. Benjamin Hodges. The head 
and hands were carved by Samuel Mclntire, the famous Salem 
wood-carver and architect; the museum has in its possession 
the original bill for the work. The face is wonderfully well 
done and was probably carved from some drawing or painting. 

Hong merchant of Canton, China, 1801. 

Mandarin, Chinese. Life-size figure, dressed in a costume given to 
the E. I. M. Society by Abiel Abbot Low in 1838. The head 
and hands were carved by Joseph True, wood-carver, of Salem. 



119 



THE COLLECTION OF FLAGS 

A large and interesting collection of flags has incidentally been 
acquired in connection with the development of the Marine Room. 
They vary in size from two or three to one-hundred and forty square 
feet. As it is impossible to exhibit them constantly on account of the 
great amoumt of space required, they are cataloged, preserved in tin 
boxes against the attacks of moths, and may readily be shown to 
persons desiring to see any particular ones. Individual flags and 
groups are shown from time to time in special exhibitions and some of 
the ship flags are used for decoration on public occasions. Thru the 
changes arising from the Great War in company and regimental 
organizations, many local companies and regiments have ceased to 
exist as formerly or do so under very different conditions. A number 
of the old organizations have deposited their colors with the museum 
for preservation, — the Salem Cadets, the Salem Light Infantry, the 
Eighth Regiment Massachusetts National Guard, the Fifteenth Regi- 
ment Massachusetts State Guard, and by bequest the colors of the 
Twenty-third Regiment of United States Infantry. It is planned in 
the future to arrange all of these in a special case. 

In addition the collection includes a number of charts in colors of 
the house-flags and private signals of the Salem merchants, two of the 
charts being over one hundred years old. A card catalog of these 
charts and of flags on many of the ship pictures was made in 1910 by 
Mr. Macpherson, each flag being shown on a separate card in colors 
with a reference to the chart or picture from which it was taken; 
this catalog contains 300 cards. 

The museum also has a collection of miniature flags, photographs, 
maps, prints, etc., to show the evolution of the American flag and to 
illustrate other flags used since the period of discovery in the territory 



at present covered by the United States. When on exhibition the 
collection fills the entire corridor case 36 feet long, 7 feet high. It 
has been lent to a number of museums and libraries for exhibition. 

American 

The Original "Star Spangled Banner." Pieces, three inches 
square each, of the red, white and blue of the American flag 
which flew over Fort McHenry on the night of September 12, 
1814, when Francis Scott Key, detained for the time as a 
prisoner of war in the hands of the British, composed the 
national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner." This precious 
relic is absolutely authenticated through continuous owner- 
ship in the Preble family until placed in the Museum, 1913. 

Colors, National and Regimental, of the Twenty-third U. S. Infantry, 
Philippine War service. 

Colors, National and State, of the Eighth Regiment, Massachusetts 
National Guard. 

Colors, National and State, of the Second Corps of Cadets of Salem. 

Colors, National, State and markers, of the Salem Light Infantry. 

Colors, National and State, of the Fifteenth Regiment, Massachusetts 
State Guard. 

Colors of the Essex Guards of Salem, 1814, white silk with central 
designs painted by Samuel Bartoll, and with original staff, 
tassels and supporter. 

American Flags, three, post, garrison and storm, used by Col. 
Philip Reade, 23d U. S. Infantry, while in command, of the 
Military Department of Mindanao, P. I., 1903 - 1905. 

American Flag. Garrison flag of Eighth Regiment, Mass. National, 
Guard, while in Cuba during the Spanish- American War. 



American Flag used by Albert G. Browne of Salem, on the office of 
the U. S. Treasury, Beaufort, S. C, 1864. 

American Flag made by a native tailor at Zanzibar for Edward D. 
Ropes, Esq., of Salem, for his use as U. S. Consul at that port. 

American Jack, also American flag, with unusual arrangement of the 
stars, about 1823. 

American Flag, small, worn by a tender of the yacht America about 
1865. 

American Flag, silk, from the yacht Cleopatra's Barge, 1817, with 
fifteen stripes and fifteen stars. 

American Flag worn by the bark Dragon of Salem, 1850. 

American Pennant worn by the ship Ion about 1870. 

American Jack worn by the U. S. S. Kearsarge at the time of her loss 
on Roncador Reef in 1894. 

American Flag, small, and Massachusetts State flag, large, used at 
the launching of the U. S. S. Salem, 1907. 

American Flag worn by the brig Scion of Salem, Capt. Nathaniel 
Weston, 1825. 

American Flag and pennant worn by the ship R. C. Winthrop, 1870. 
American Flag worn by ship Witch of the Wave of Salem, 1851. 

American Flags used in Salem for patriotic display during the Civil 
War, the Spanish War, the Mexican Border service, and the 
Great War. 

Flag, first U. S. Army Transport flag worn by a vessel entering Manila. 



Red-Cross Flag used on a Salem vessel about 1873. 

House Signal Flag of John F. Brooks, merchant of Salem and Boston, 
1870 - 1914. 

House Signal Flag of Benjamin A. West, merchant of Salem, 1850- 
1860. 

Thirty-eight Ship Signal Flags used on bark Dragon, ship Witch- 
of-the-Wave and other Salem ships, 1845 - 1860. 

Flag, red, on short pole, used to mark a captured whale, from a New 
Bedford whaler. 



European- 
British Jack, large, given before 1830 to Capt. Nathaniel Weston 
of Salem by the officer of a British Naval vessel in recognition 
of the rescue of seamen of the British Navy by Capt. Weston. 

German and Russian Imperial Flags, large saluting flags, from 
U. S. S. Olympia, used by Admiral Dewey in Manila Bay, 1898. 

Italian Flag, large, saluting flag of U. S. Navy. 

Portugese Flag, large. 

Spanish Flag, large, from mail steamer captured at Santiago. Cuba, 
1898. 

Miscellaneous 

Fourteen Flags of foreign nations, each two by three feet, bunting, 
from Philadelphia, 1876. 

Flags, native, from China, Cantonese Artillery, Boxer rebels of 
China; Japan; Korea; Philippine States. 

123 



SUMMARY OF OTHER COLLECTIONS IN THE 
MARINE ROOM 

The Whaling Collection. 

Arranged in the western corridor cases are the objects illus- 
trating the natural history of whales and the whaling industry, 
beginning with small relief models and drawings of the different 
species of whales, a complete skeleton of a porpoise (a skeleton 
of a black-fish twelve feet long taken on Beverly bar in 1873 
is in the natural history hall above), whales' teeth, baleen (the 
so-called whale-bone of commerce), a "bonnet," which is a 
hard excresence formed on the frontal portion of the right 
whale, usually infested by parasitic crustaceans and may be 
caused by them; ambergris, whale and sperm oils, crude and 
refined, "scraps," whale leather, etc. The whale fishery is 
represented by rigged models of whaling vessels, a Norwegian 
bomb harpoon used on steam whaler, hand and bomb-lances, 
bomb-lance shoulder guns, Greener whaling gun and Pierce 
harpoon gun, mincing knife, cutting spades and other appli- 
ances; also, objects made by sailors on the long whaling voyages. 
Among the builder's hull models of whaling vessels is one of the 
bark Progress commanded by Capt. James Dowden, famous 
for his arctic experiences. [See McKibben, The Whaling Dis- 
aster of 1871, N. E. Magazine, June, 1898.] In 1893 the Pro- 
gress was taken to Chicago and exhibited at the World's Fair. 
It was from the Chicago exhibition, through the gift of the 
Field Museum, that the foundation of this whaling collection 
was made in 1907. While it is not intended to make the 
whaling exhibit exhaustive as is so admirably done at the mus- 
eum of the Old Dartmouth Historical Society at New Bedford, 
the fact that for twenty-five years whaling was conducted from 
Salem and Lynn, makes a typical collection illustrating the 
whaling industry very appropriate as well as an important 

124 




WHALING IMPLEMENTS, MOUNTED READY FOR USE 
From above: Blubber fork; grains (2), for handling blubber, etc.; cutting spades (3) 
for killing whales at clcse quarters (2); single and two flued hand harpoons, old type; head need 




WHALING GUNS 
From above: Brass Breech-loading bomb-lance shoulder gun; two forms of muzzle-loading bomb-lance 
shoulder guns; Greener harpoon gun. 



adjunct to our Essex County educational institutions. There 
is also a model 28 feet long, illustrating the fishing industries 
of Essex County, — netting, line fishing, lobster trapping, etc. 



Figureheads. 

So far as known there is no large figurehead of any old Salem 
ship in existence. The collection includes the figurehead, a 
life-size portrait bust painted in colors, of the bark Solomon 
Piper, wrecked on Cape Cod in 1861; the billet-head of the 
ship Favorite, wrecked on Baker's Island in 1855; a small 
figurehead said to have been made by Samuel Mclntire, the 
famous Salem carver and architect; it certainly is old and 
the figure of Liberty appears to display the head of John 
Hancock on the shield she carries. There is a small, well 
cut eagle from the yacht Nellie G., and a scroll from a Rockport 
fishing vessel. A large billet-head of bold scroll carving about 
seven feet by three, very much decayed but which has been 
restored, is attributed to the U. S. S. Constitution. Also, await- 
ing a suitable place for its display is the metal figurehead of 
the U. S. S. Salem, a shield with scroll-work wings. This is 
very heavy but it is hoped to build it into a wall at some 
future time. [See also under figureheads in cabinet of folios 
for many photographs, drawings and cuts of figureheads.] 

Sea-Journals and Log-Books. 

Beginning with the foundation of the Salem East India Mar- 
ine Society in 1799, an effort was made to form a collection of 
log-books and sea-journals, so that the observations recorded 
should be of service to future navigators, for at that time there 
were no charts by which the Salem ship-masters could navigate 
their ships on voyages to regions new to the commerce of that 
day. In recent years the Essex Institute has undertaken the 
care and cataloging of all log-books and sea-journals received, 
in connection with its library work. The collection is kept in 
the "fire-proof" of the Institute and now contains 1200 logs 
and journals. It includes all the early logs and journals, with 
their copious notes and observations, kept by the members of 

125 



the East India Marine Society and all logs since received by the 
Peabody Museum, besides the Institute's own large collection. 
These logs may be consulted at the Institute under proper re- 
strictions. A duplicate card catalog of the entire collection is 
kept at the Marine Room of the Peabody Museum where it 
may be referred to at any time. Persons having logs either 
old or recent are urged to add them to this collection for altho 
of minor interest individually, when a part of a large col- 
lection they become important and of great assistance to 
students of maritime history and commerce. 

Ship's Chests, Sea Chests, Chart Chests and Medicine Chests. 

The oldest chest is a ship's chest of 1750; the oldest sailor's 
chest is one marked "Isaac Smith 1772," others date from that 
to 1840. The chests are mostly of pine or other wood, painted; 
one chart chest is of teak. One of the medicine chests is from a 
Salem whaler of 1838; another, was carried all over the world 
by Capt. Joseph Hammond, 1830-1850; another, a fine 
one of mahogany, was presented to Capt. Addison Richardson 
by the passengers of his ship, the Charlemagne, about 1836. 
Some of the sea chests not only had little lockers at one end 
with divisions for holding bottles at the other, but occasionally 
one had a false bottom for secreting valuables and the Spanish 
dollars taken in the old days on trading voyages especially to 
the East, attacks by enemy vessels or pirates being ever in 
mind. A number of charts are preserved to illustrate the 
manner of recording a ship's course ; sometimes several courses 
are marked on a single chart. 

Drawings, Photographs, Prints, etc. 

In cabinets, available for examination on application, this 
I collection is arranged systematically in folios and includes about 
5000 separate items, under such heads as : — ancient and 
mediaeval vessels, sailing ships from the 17th to the 20th cen- 
turies, photographs of models of vessels, yachts, foreign craft, 
miniature and other models of vessels, steamships and steam- 
boats, Salem ships, Salem merchants and ship-masters, the 

126 



SI 





u > 



U. S. Navy from its inception to the present time, vessels and 
men of the Navy in the Great War period, the whaling and 
fishing industries, light-houses, shore views, chiefly North 
American east coast, figureheads and stern designs, a large 
collection of the colored cards announcing the sailings of the 
clipper ships to California and Australia, 1850 - 1860, the his- 
tory of the American flag, history of the East India Marine 
Society and of the Peabody Museum, and photographs of 
special exhibitions held at the museum. This collection is an 
interesting one and has already proved useful to students of 
shipping, artists and designers. 

There are in the collections forty-five folio sheets of sail- 
plans, nearly all of Salem vessels, made between 1852 and 
1877 by Edward Lane whose sail-loft was on Derby street, 
and who did a large business in fitting out vessels with new 
suits of sails and furnishing sails for newly built vessels. Most 
of the sheets have plans drawn on both sides. There are hull 
designs and spar-plans of vessels built by John Taylor and 
Justin Taylor of Medford and Boston, including the Salem 
ships Panay and Mindoro. There are also several volumes of 
engraved or etched plates of ships, some dating back to 1781: 
— M. Stalkartt, Plates of Naval Architecture, 1781, 16x23 
inches, which belonged to Thomas Barker, an old-time ship- 
builder of Salem; Forty Etchings of Vessels, London, 1824, 
11 x 8 inches; E. W. Cooke, Sixty-five Plates of Shipping, 
London, 1829, 9x6 inches; Arthur Bertrand's lithographic 
plates of vessels of various countries, 14 x 8 inches; Admiral 
Paris, Musee de Marine de Louvre, large plates, mostly of 
old vessels, 16 x 23 inches. The library contains a good 
selection of books and papers relating to shipping, especially 
such as are of local interest. 



Souvenirs of Famous Ships and Other Relics. 

Visitors show much interest in pieces of wood or metal and 
other relics, or canes and gavels made from the material of 
ships that have become famous in one way or another. 
While strictly speaking there is no scientific or historical 
value to such objects, they serve by actual contact to fix in 

127 



the mind of the visitor the historical event — the story 
of the vessel or of some person who made the vessel famous — 
so that the maintenance of such a collection is justifiable. The 
Marine Room collection of souvenirs is arranged in table cases; 
it is a gathering of all sorts of objects, roughly classified, each 
specimen carefully displayed and clearly labeled. It includes 
such objects as pieces of wood or metal from the Spanish ship 
Vizcaya, U. S. S. Niagara which laid the first Atlantic cable, 
Amundsen's ship Gjoa, U. S. S. Congress, Monitor, C. S. A. 
Merrimac, U. S. S. Constitution, Kearsarge, Capt. Cook's ship 
Endeavour, 1771, H. B. M. Guerriere, 1812, Somerset 1775, and 
many others. 

Swords and Other Arms. 

This collection includes : — Dress swords of William Mc- 
Mullan, Esq., U. S. Consul at Zanzibar, 1852 - 1856; of Captain 
John Crowninshield, worn by him at the coronation of Napoleon 
I; of Captain John Gibaut, presented to him by friends when 
Collector of the port of Gloucester, 1804; of Captain John 
Williams, U. S. Consul at Fiji, 1835. Cutlasses of Captain 
Nathaniel Silsbee (later U. S. Senator from Massachusetts), 
1790; of Captain Henry King, 1818; the cutlass and pistol 
of Captain Nathaniel Weston, 1820; the naval sword of 
Captain Thomas C. Dunn, 1863. In the early days of Salem 
commerce all vessels were armed and all officers carried cut- 
lasses and pistols. In the enclosure in front of the building 
are the signal gun of the whaler Progress and a howitzer of old 
type brought from Manila. 

There are also in the collection boarding pikes and axes used 
in the days of hand-to-hand encounters on vessels, a "tower 
musket" for use by British marines during the American 
Revolution, taken in 1779; American musket owned by Capt. 
Thomas C. Dunn, U. S. Navy, 1863; musket from the whaler 
Progress, 1860, and other weapons. 

Knots and Splices; Chest Beckets (Handles), etc. 

A collection of sailors' knots and splices used on ship board and 
a number of curiously wrought "beckets," rope handles made 

128 



by sailors to attach to sea-chests, may be found in one of the 
table cases in the Marine Room. There are several excellent 
books on knots and splices which have appeared with the 
renewed interest in the subject and which may be obtained for 
consultation at libraries or purchased of book dealers : — 
"Knots" by A. F. Aldridge, Rudder Publishing Co., New 
York, 160 pages, illustrated, "Knots and Splices" by A. 
Hyatt Verrill, Henly Publishing Co., New York, 102 pages, 
illustrated. "Knots, Bends and Splices," printed in the 
Yachtsman's Guide for several years (in ed. 1908, pp. 173 - 184). 
"How to Make Knots, Bends and Splices" by T. E. Biddle, 
London, Norie and Wilson, illustrated, 18 pages. These books 
cost about one dollar each. A " cat-o-nine-tails " and a slung- 
shot from old vessels are in the collection, besides a piece of the 
cable of a vessel sunk in the Penobscot in 1779; a piece of a 
cable used at the launching of the U. S. S. Salem, 1907; and of 
the great cable used in towing the dry dock Dewey to Manila, 
1904. 



Tools of Ship-Builders, Ship Carpenters, Riggers and Coopers. 

Many of the ship-carpenters' and ship-builders' tools date 
from the 18th century and a few probably from the 17th, all 
from before 1840. It is not certain for what purposes some of 
the tools were used. Among them are: — the axe used by 
Zaccheus Goldsmith, ship-carpenter who worked on the frigate 
Essex in 1799; the adz used by Retire Becket, the builder of 
the Cleopatra's Barge in 1816; besides other axes, large and 
small, some quite rudely made; planes of many sorts, augers, 
measures, primitive hammers, pincers, etc. The riggers' tools 
include an old set of serving-mallets of very large size used by 
New Bedford riggers, with reels and long arms arranged to gain 
great purchase, and a number of small serving-mallets from 
Salem ships. Among the coopers' tools are many from old 
Salem cooper-shops. This collection cannot always be shown 
but is reserved for special exhibitions. In addition are caulkers' 
tools, hammers, irons and caulkers' seats, from 1820 to 1850. 

129 



Anchors. 

In front of the East India Marine building on Essex St. stands 
an anchor eleven feet high received in 1906 from the Boston 
Navy Yard through the courtesy of the Secretary of the Navy, 
Charles J. Bonaparte. This anchor, originally weighing 4000 
pounds, was hand forged about 1820 and under some great 
strain, probably during a gale, was given the very noticeable 
twist in the shank. As an anchor is the emblem of the Salem 
East India Marine Society, for whom the building was erected 
in 1824, the placing of this large, old-time anchor at the front is 
very appropriate. There are a number of small anchors of 
various patterns in the collection besides grapnels and sand- 
anchors and three fine killicks (spelled also killock and killagh) 
which have been in actual use. The killick, which is a stone 
enclosed in a framework of wood with wooden prongs projecting 
from the base, has been long in use on the coast of New Hamp- 
shire, Maine and the Maritime Provinces, in the British islands, 
in parts of Europe and similar ones are found in Brazil. One 
of the three in the collection, used as a mooring anchor on a 
sandy bottom at Hampton, N. H., is five feet high, the next 
in size is a boat anchor and the smallest, one foot high, for 
nets. [See "Killicks," R. Morton Nance, in Man, an anthro- 
pological journal, vol. XIX, p. 113; also, the same author in 
The Mariner's Mirror, London, vol. Ill, p. 295.] There is also 
a ship's drag or sea-anchor, used more than one hundred years 
ago, from the old store-house and counting-room of William 
Gray on DerbySt., Salem, destroyed in the fire of June, 1914, 
which when its heavy wooden wings are opened like an umbrella 
has a spread seven feet in diameter. The sea-anchor was used 
to keep a vessel's head to the wind in storms and one similar 
to this was used to haul against in a calm by the U. S. S. Con- 
stitution to aid her in escaping from the British fleet, July, 1812. 



Skeets. 



One of the most interesting objects in the collection is a 
"skeet,"made of wood, seven feet long, narrow, nearly half its 
length curved and hollowed to a scoop about three inches 
wide. The "skeet" is figured in Blanckley's Naval Expositor, 
London, 1750, and is "for weting yachts sails or the ship's 



130 



sides in the Summer Season." This specimen also came from 
the store-house of William Gray and is probably at least 125 
years old. 

Lanterns and Lamps. 

A large, wooden framed cabin lantern used before 1750 by 
Captain Samuel Page; large iron framed lantern from an old 
Gloucester fishing vessel ; lanterns from whaling vessels, wooden 
and iron frames; port and starboard lights, red and green 
glass, before 1850; single convex lens used in the lantern of a 
light-house on Minot's Ledge, Mass., earlier than that destroyed 
in 1851; swinging pewter lamps used on old vessels and swing- 
ing candlesticks. 

Scrimshaw Work. 

An excellent representation of this cutting, carving and 
engraving by sailors, on whales' teeth and walrus tusks. The 
collection includes representations of ships, Chinchilla and 
Tamaahmaah on one tooth, Carolina Augusta, Elizabeth, Susan 
of Nantucket, Essex, Constitution and Guerriere, two ships 
engraved by Charles Erskine, 1838, whaling scenes on two 
teeth fitted end to end, other scenes and male and female figures 
and heads. These date from 1820 to 1840 and are all on 
whales' teeth. Also, jagging wheels, blocks, two swifts, one 
with much inlaid work, carpenter's square, bodkins, ornaments, 
busks, "pick-wicks," etc., made of whale pan bone and ivory, 
besides engravings on walrus tusks and on porpoise jaws. 
There are several boxes with engraved baleen sides but with 
wooden tops and bottoms and canes made from pan bone and 
sections of baleen, other canes of wood, souvenirs of well known 
ships. 

Miscellaneous. 

Speaking-trumpets used on Salem ships, one telescopic ex- 
tending to forty inches; another, ship Witch-of-the-Wave, 1853; 
another, silver plated, Capt. Addison Richardson, 1838. Ship- 

131 



masters' folding desks of mahogany and some of other woods 
made in China. Chinese leather covered, camphor-wood chest 
of Captain William Cleveland, 1820. "Cat-head" from the 
U. S. S. Brooklyn; portion of a greenheart plank from Admiral 
Peary's arctic ship Roosevelt. Relics of the U. S. S. Maine sunk 
in Havana harbor 1898, raised 1912, including a port light 
frame, 3 inch shot, cartridges and inscribed silver pitcher given 
to Com. Caspar Crowninshield, a former commander. Alarm 
or battle rattles from U. S. vessels of war, a stationary one 
from the U. S. S. Omaha, and hand rattles from other vessels. 



Memorial Gifts and Bequests. 

Many portraits, ship pictures, ship models, etc. have been 
received by bequest or given as memorials of persons connected 
with the Salem East India Marine Society or with the old-time 
commercial-marine activities of Salem. Among these are the 
Captain Charles Beadle collection of nautical instruments and 
books given by his widow; the Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch relics 
given by members of the family; the Edward Richardson 
memorial gift, nautical instruments, ship paintings, etc., given 
by Mrs. Kate S. Richardson in memory of her husband, whose 
father and grandfather were ship-masters of Salem and New 
York, the latter a foundation member of the Salem East India 
Marine Society; the Parker memorial gifts; the McMullan 
gift; Cleopatra's Barge relics, besides numerous portraits of 
merchants and ship-masters of Salem. The museum offers an 
admirable and appropriate repository for such gifts which are 
most gladly accepted and suitably marked. 

Relics of the Salem East India Marine Society. 

This society established the museum in 1799. The objects 
which were recorded as the first gift in November of that year 
are: — a "Batta pipe from Sumatra," "elephant's grinder," 
"wine-glass made from the horn of a rhinoceros," and "a Kemo 
from Tappanooly," the last being a shell of the giant clam, 
Tridacna. All of these are still preserved in the collection, 
having been on exhibition for nearly a century and a quarter. 

132 




ROPE-WORK 

From left; Chest beckets (3); imitation of spun yarn prick, for smuggling tobacco; spun yarn prick; 
stopper, to hold rope for splicing, etc. 




From left: Leg i 



OLD-TIME PUNISHMENTS 
i chain; hand cuffs; leg irons on bar; slung shot; brass knuckles; colt and cat- 
o'-nine-tails, for flogging; belaying pin of whale pan bone. 



In a standing case in the Marine Room are the punch bowls 
and the soup tureens given the society, — which was a social 
and mutual benefit club as well as a scientific institution, — 
and used at the annual banquets. Included are : — a punch- 
bowl of Chinese porcelain (so-called Lowestoft ware), 16 inches 
in diameter, brought from Canton by the ship Grand Turk in 
1786 and so inscribed; two punch-bowls of Liverpool ware, 13 
inches in diameter, with the Constellation and Insurgente engage- 
ment and other designs, inscribed to the socety and given by 
Captain George Hodges in" 1800; a punch-bowl of English 
Staffordshire ware, 12 inches in diameter, gilt and color decora- 
tions, the gift of the makers, Messrs. J. and W. Ridgeway in 
1823, one of the firm having been entertained in Salem a short 
time before; two soup tureens in the characteristic form of 
Chinese geese, 22 inches long, 14 wide and 21 high, of Chinese 
cream porcelain (so-called Lowestoft), the gift of a member of 
the society in 1803. Hanging from the ceiling are two crystal 
chandeliers for candles, probably Venetian, given the society 
by one of its Presidents, Captain Benjamin Carpenter, in 1804. 
There are several decorated plates and pitchers in the collection, 
two candle sconces and many smaller objects connected with 
the social character of the society, together with documents, 
and autograph letters from Presidents Jefferson and Madison, 
acknowledging the receipt of the first printed catalog of the 
museum in 1821 and commending the work of the institution. 
[See various catalogs and manuals of the Salem East India 
Marine Society, The Visitors Guide to Salem, etc.] 



133 




CABIN LANTERN 
Used on vessels by Capt. Samuel Page of Danvers 
before 1750. 2 feet high. 



SPEAKING TRUMPETS 
From left: Capt. Edward Weston of Salem, ship Joseph 
Peabody, 1856: telescopic, extending to 40 inches, about 
1840; Capt. Joseph Hardy Millett. ship Witch of the 

Wane of Salem, 1851. 



APPENDIX 

Ship-Building and Ship-Builders 

Painters of the Ship-Pictures 

Painters of the Portraits 

Boats and Models in the Ethnological Collections 

References 



i35 




SCRIMSHAW WORK 

On left: Busk, used in ladies' stays. From top: Jagging wheels (4), for crimping the edges of pastry: 
seam rubber; serving board; pickwick; shoemaker's tool; bodkin; blocks. 



SHIP-BUILDING AND SHIP-BUILDERS 

Salem 

Ship-building in Salem practically began with the settlement of 
the town. Six ship-builders were sent over from England by the parent 
company in 1629, three years after Roger Conant settled at Naum- 
keag. Most of the vessels built here at first were shallops — a small 
vessel or large boat probably with two masts and lug sails — and it is 
probable that the six ship-builders were scattered thruout the colony. 
As early as 1607 a vessel of thirty tons was built at the mouth of the 
Kennebec river in Maine by the Popham colonists and vessels were 
built at Bermuda before 1610. The first vessel of any considerable 
size built in the Massachusetts colony was launched in 1631 on the 
Mystic river at Medford and named by Gov. Winthrop Blessing of the 
Bay. 

In Salem, the Neck was the chief location of the industry; Richard 
Hollingworth built a ship there of 300 tons in 1641; Joseph Hardy 
built the American Merchant of 160 tons in 1709 and Ebenezer Lam- 
bert built the sloop Betty in 1712 for which he was paid 240 pounds 
sterling, a goodly sum of money in those days. [See Felt's Annals; 
Osgood and Batchelder, Sketch of Salem.] Later, vessels were 
built at the foot of Norman street, at the foot of Liberty street, at the 
foot of Elm street, at Frye's mills near Goodhue street, and elsewhere. 
From 1655, the Beckets built vessels at a ship-yard near the present 
Phillips wharf at the lower end of Derby street and some member of 
the family continued the business in that neighborhood until the 
death of Daniel C. Becket in 1887, a period of 237 years. The most 
noted member of the family was Retire Becket (1754 - 1831) who 
built many of the famous Salem ships from 1798 to 1818, including 

137 



Elias Hasket Derby's Mount Vernon, the ship Margaret, the 
privateer America, and George Crowninshield's yacht Cleopatra's 
Barge. 

Enos Briggs (1746 - 1819) came from Pembroke, Mass., in 1790 
and established a ship-yard in South Salem, west of the old Union 
street bridge on land now covered by the Naumkeag Mills. He built 
many fine ships, including Elias Hasket Derby's "Great Ship" the 
second Grand Turk of 564 tons in 1791; the frigate Essex in 1799, 
which, however, was built on Winter Island, and at his own yard he 
built many of the fleet of merchant ships owned by Joseph Peabody, 
including the Catherine, Francis, Glide and China. 

Elijah Briggs (1762 - 1847), a cousin of Enos Briggs, from Scituate, 
Mass., succeeded to his business and continued ship-building at the 
old location in South Salem. He built among other vessels the Gov. 
Endicott, the Amazon, and the brig Mexican made famous by her 
adventure with pirates in 1832. 

Christopher Turner (1767 - 1812), who came from Pembroke, 
Mass., had his ship-yard at Frye's Mills, near the present Goodhue 
and Grove streets. Besides the vessels built there he built at Union 
wharf on Derby street, in 1801, the sloop Jefferson for George Crown- 
inshield, Jr., believed to have been the first pleasure yacht built in the 
United States. 

Ebenezer Mann (1758 - 1836), also from Pembroke, Mass., a 
region famous as the nursery of ship-builders, came to Salem in 1783 
and had a ship-yard at Frye's Mills. Among other vessels, he built 
in 1799, for Nathaniel West, the ship Prudent which met with many 
adventures during our naval war with France. 

David Magoun (1779 - 1850) from Pembroke, Mass., built on 
Salem Neck the ship Alfred of 200 tons in 1805 and, in partnership 
with Thomas Barker (1780 - 1856), also from Pembroke, built the 
schooners Enterprise of 200 tons in 1812 and Gen. Stark in 1813 in a 
yard off Derby street near Turner [see Diary of William Bentley, 
vol. Ill, p. 56.] The museum possesses a large collection of ship- 
builders' tools used by this firm, the gift of Mr. Barker's grand- 

138 



daughter. Some of the tools were used by her great-grandfather be- 
fore 1790 and are more than 130 years old. 

Elias Jenks (1781 - 1850) from Pawtucket, R. I. and Randall 
Hoyt (1793 - 1852) from Amesbury, Mass., built vessels in South 
Salem near the old shipyard of Enos Briggs, remaining there until 
1843. This firm built the first Sumatra, the Borneo and the first 
Sooloo. 

In 1825, at Orne's Point in North Salem, William Cottle built the 
schooner Missionary Packet for the American Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions. The vessel was taken out to Honolulu from Boston the follow- 
ing year by Captain James Hunnewell of Charlestown, Mass., whose 
memoir published privately by his son describes the perils of the 
voyage. The schooner was but 40 tons displacement, 49 feet long and 
13 feet wide and while very well adapted for service among the islands, 
her voyage out to Honolulu was indeed a dangerous undertaking. 

Justin Carter with a residence in Andover, Mass., built the bark 
Witch on Phillips' wharf in 1854 and, in 1855, he built the Europa 
referred to elsewhere, a ship of 846 tons, the largest merchant vessel 
ever built in Salem. 

Benjamin Hawkes, so Bentley states, was located near Derby 
wharf in 1818. He built the brig Leander in 1821 besides other 
vessels. 

Samuel Lewis built the bark Argentine, 298 tons, for Robert 
Upton in 1849 and the bark M. Shepard for Captain John Bert- 
ram in 1850. His ship-yard was in South Salem, now part of the 
Naumkeag Cotton Mills property. 

Edward Frederick Miller was born at Dartmouth, N. S., in 1821 
and died at Auburndale, Newton, Mass., in 1908. He was the son 
of Tobias Miller and the grandson of Tobias Miller, an English 
army officer, who received a grant of land in Dartmouth in 1790. 
Edward F. Miller was apprenticed to a ship-builder by the name of 
Lyle at Halifax, N. S., when fourteen years of age. At twenty he 
went to sea on a Liverpool ship and was afterwards on a vessel which 
took the first railroad iron from Cardiff, Wales, to Cuba. It was at 

139 



time when pirates infested the region of the Isle of Pines and in defend- 
ing the ship against an attack railroad spikes were fired from the 
ship's cannon at a piratical vessel. About 1840 he was shipwrecked 
off Plymouth, Mass., and getting ashore made his way to Boston by 
stage-coach. Here he worked for Donald McKay on many of the 
famous clipper ships and also had a sub-contract in repairing the 
frigate Constitution at the Navy Yard. In 1848 he went to California 
doing some ship repairing at Panama on the way. From this venture 
he brought back gold enough to furnish capital to begin ship-building 
in a small way at Marblehead. He soon, however, established himself 
on the site of Enos Briggs' old ship-yard in South Salem where he 
built vessels for Captain John Bertram, Robert Brookhouse, Pickman, 
Silsbee & Stone, and others and through Capt. Bertram for New 
York owners. His ships were mostly used in the South American, 
African and East India trades. The bark La Plata held the sailing 
record for the river La Plata and the Taria Topan of 631 tons, launched 
in 1870, was the last large vessel he built. Mr. Miller closed his 
business in Salem in 1878 and moved to Newton, Mass. At eighty 
years of age he became interested in the publishing business and was 
one of the incorporators of the F. W. Dodge Co. of New York, pub- 
lishers of architectural and building-trades periodicals. [Letter from 
his son, F. T. Miller of New York City, 1920.] 

Joshua Brown was born at Greenland, N. H., November 12, 1828 
and died April 8, 1901. He came to Salem in 1865 and began ship- 
building in the firm of Turner, Lewis & Brown, afterwards Lewis 
& Brown and Turner & Brown. Later, he bought out the Salem 
Marine Railway in South Salem, where he built vessels for several 
years and until he sold his yard to the Naumkeag mills and removed 
from Salem. Among the vessels built by Mr. Brown were the schooners 
Letitia, Prairie Flower, and clipper fishermen; he built the Harry 
Bluff, Alice, Lizzie A. Robey and Charles W. Parker. The schooner 
Alice was the fastest of the fleet and was sold to a firm of pilots in the 
West Indies after making a remarkable run while deeply laden and 
had outsailed the fastest pilot boat approaching Antigua. The bark 

140 



Albert was the last square-rigger built by Mr. Brown and afterwards 
he confined his work solely to building yachts among which were the 
Clitheroe, Idler, Sunshine, Tioga, Crest and Betty. Besides ship- 
building Mr. Brown engaged in a coastwise trade making voyages to 
the West Indies. During the height of the seal fishery he sent out the 
schooner Henry Dennis around Cape Horn to Fort Townsend, Wash- 
ington, where for two years successful catches were made. [Letter 
from his son, Harry H. Brown of Boston, 1920.] 

Andrew J. Frisbee was born at Northeast Harbor, Maine, April 
26, 1829 and died in Salem, May 29, 1905. At the age of fourteen he 
was "bound out" to Thaddeus Somes of Somesville, Maine, and 
worked in his ship-yard until he was nearly twenty-one years old 
when he went to Essex, Mass., and worked in ship-yards there until 
1859 when he went to Gloucester where he built a number of fishing 
vessels on his own account. In 1851 he came to Salem and established 
himself in business in a ship-yard on East Gardner St., adjoining the 
yard of Joshua Brown, in the region of the old ship-yards of Enos 
and Elijah Briggs, now included in the property of the Naumkeag 
Steam Cotton Company. There he built the three-masted schooners 
James B. Eaton of 203 tons, launched in April, 1872, and the /. S. 
Lamprey of 306 tons launched in October of the same year. The 
latter was the last vessel of so large a size built in Salem. In 1873, 
Mr. Frisbee removed to Hunt's wharf at the foot of White St., off 
lower Derby St., where he built yachts and did repairing on vessels 
until he retired from business in 1903. A number of hull models 
of vessels he had built were unfortunately lost with Mr. Henry W. 
Morse's collection of ship souvenirs in the burning of the Winne-egan 
hotel on Baker's Island, April 25, 1906. [Letter from his son Frank H. 
Frisbee, 1920]. 

Among other ship-builders of Salem were: — Samuel Leach, 1769 - 
1846; Thomas Teague, 1769-1822; Thomas Webb, 1776-1815; 
William Hulin, 1779-1815; William Rowell, 1780-1823; John 
Beadle, 1782 . 



141 



Essex 

Vessels have been built at the town of Essex, earlier known as 
Chebacco Parish, from the time of its settlement and a type of boat 
with a sharp stern and without a bowsprit which originated there 
was known all along the coast as the "Chebacco boat" ("Jebacco" as 
Bentley writes it), but they are no longer built. 

The Marine Room collection contains a large number of builder's 
half-hull models from the ship-yards of Essex where so many of the 
schooners have been built for the Gloucester fisheries. The Essex 
schooners are famed for their good qualities and have gone to all parts 
of the world. Among the more noted vessels built at Essex were, — 
the Advance of Dr. Kane's arctic expedition, in which he sailed from 
New York in May, 1853, a vessel of 144 tons built by John and Leonard 
McKenzie; the ship Ann Maria, built for David Pingree of Salem, 
498 tons; the fishing schooner Benjamin F. Phillips that won the 
fisherman's prize in the race of 1901 and the Esperanto of 1920; the 
whaling brig Viola, built by Tarr & James in 1910, a most successful 
vessel with great luck in gathering ambergris, but which disappeared 
and has never been heard from since leaving port in 1918. The largest 
vessel built at Essex was the steamer Vidette of 819 tons, from the 
yard of John James & Co. in 1880. In a single year, Andrew Story 
built thirteen vessels; Adam Boyd built in all 200 vessels the largest 
number recorded by one builder; sixty vessels were built at Essex in 
the year 1852. The Essex builders represented in the museum collec- 
tion are, — J. Horace Burnham, Jeremiah Burnham, David and 
Willard R. Burnham, Oliver Burnham, J. G. James (Tarr & James), 
Arthur D. Story, Albert Story, Horatio N. Andrews and Archer B. 
Poland, designer. 

On The Merrimac 

Many of the older Salem ships were built at Newbury, New- 
buryport, Amesbury and Haverhill. A full account of ship-building 
on the Merrimac will be found in John J. Currier's valuable paper 

142 



published in 1877. The Alliance of 1778 in which Gen. Lafayette was 
taken to France was built at Salisbury Point; this vessel mounted 
thirty-two guns and was a favorite in the new American Navy. In 
1798 the U. S. S. Merrimac, commanded by Capt. Moses Brown, was 
built at Newburyport. The largest vessels from Essex County yards 
have all been built at Newburyport; the Atlantic packet-ship Dread- 
nought was built there by Currier & Townsend in 1853. [See 
Bradlee in E. I. Hist. Coll., vol. LVI, p. 1.] The largest merchant 
sailing ship built there was the Daniel I. Tenney of 1687 tons in 1875; 
the steamships Ontario, in 1866, and the Erie in 1867, each of 3,000 
tons, were built at Newburyport by George W. Jackson, Jr. 



Gloucester 

At Gloucester many vessels have been built for Gloucester firms 
and to go elsewhere. Here, in 1713, Captain Andrew Robinson "gave 
a new name to our marine vocabulary and a new rig to the commerce 
of the world." He evolved the schooner from the lateen-rigged craft 
and as the vessel which he had built took the water, a by-stander 
shouted, — "Oh, how she schoons." Robinson instantly responded, 
— "A schooner let her be," and schooners ever since have been per- 
haps the best known vessels the world over. A good account of the 
incident with an illustration of the development of the schooner will 
be found in Babson's History of Gloucester, 1860, page 251. 



Rowley 

At Rowley vessels were built on farms and by the roadsides and 
hauled to the water by oxen, the largest venture of this sort was a 
vessel of ninety tons built on Rowley common many years since by 
Nathaniel Perley; it was named Country's Wonder and was hauled a 
mile and a half to the water by one hundred oxen. 

H3 



Lynn 

Schooners and small craft have been built at various times on the 
Saugus river but no large vessels. For a few years prior to 1838 
whaling was conducted from Lynn, five vessels being employed, none 
of which, however, were built there; a number of vessels have been 
owned in Lynn. 

Danvers 

Ira Story built vessels at Danversport from 1816 - 1865; several 
of his half hull models are included in the Marine Room collection. 

Marblehead 

Marblehead, while formerly producing fishing vessels and even 
brigs and ships — Mr. Lindsey says that nine ships were built at 
Marblehead between the years 1849 and 1855 — has become 
more famous, however, for the yachts and sea-planes of recent times. 
Marblehead's fame does not rest with ships and ship-building but 
with the ship-masters and sailors whose skill and daring have been 
recorded in every American history. [See Benjamin J. Lindsey's 
Old Marblehead Sea Captains.] 



Medford, Chelsea and Boston 

From the ship-yards of Medford, Mass., have come many Salem 
ships. Thatcher Magoun (1775 - 1856), who built the Henry Tuke, 
Brookline and other Salem vessels, was born in Pembroke, Mass., from 
whence so many ship-builders have come. After serving five years 
with Enos Briggs in Salem, he started business for himself in Medford 
where he built in all eighty vessels. 

At Medford, too, Sprague and James built the ship London, 368 
tons, in 1827; the ship Paris, 360 tons, in 1828, and the steamer East 
Boston, 269 tons, in 1841, for David Augustus Neal of Salem. 

144 




I 



DESK USED BY DR. NATHANIEL BOWDITCH 
At which he translated La Place'= Mechanique Celeste. 



The Ocean Express was the largest ship built at Medford, 2000 
tons, in 1854, and John Foster built the last ship in Medford in 1873. 
[See Brooks, History of Medford, p. 357; also, Ship-building at 
Medford in the Medford Historical Register, vol. I, p. 66.] 

By far the greatest number of large Salem-owned ships in the 
last half of the nineteenth century were built by John Taylor and his 
son Justin Taylor. John Taylor was born in Scituate, Mass., Oc- 
tober 13, 1807, and died in Chelsea, September 20, 1877. He was the 
youngest of six children all of whom lived to an old age. In the cus- 
tom of the times as he approached manhood he was apprenticed and 
served his time with Galen James, ship-builder at Medford and, in 
1831, married Mr. James' sister, Eliza James, and to them were born 
three sons and three daughters. John Taylor became a prominent 
ship-builder of Medford, his yard on the bank of the Mystic river was 
not far from the old Craddock house. Here he built about twenty-five 
vessels which were launched broadside to the river there not being 
width enough to launch them in the ordinary manner. As tonnage in- 
creased it became necessary to have more room for launching so in 
1850 he removed to Chelsea, Mass., where he was the first builder of 
note to establish a ship-yard. Afterwards he removed to a ship-yard 
in East Boston. In Chelsea and Boston he built about fifty vessels 
and his son, Justin Taylor, who became associated with him continued 
the business alone after his father's retirement. 

They built many ships for Stone, Silsbee & Pickman and Pick- 
man, Silsbee & Allen of Salem, for use in the Philippine Island trade, 
named for the islands of the group, — Mindoro, Panay, Sooloo and 
for Formosa. [See models and pictures of these vessels in the museum 
collection.] Among other vessels built by the firm were the Witch- 
craft, Syren, Aurora, Malay, Derby, all of Salem, and the Garnet, 
Pericles, Autocrat, Ellen Munro, Iceberg and George Washington. 

John Taylor was a member of the first Board of Aldermen when 
Chelsea became a city and he served a term in the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives but declined further political honors. He 
was a prominent member and a deacon of the First Congregational 

145 



Church of Chelsea, a genial man of solid worth. [Letter from his 
grand-daughter, Mrs. Mary M. (Taylor) Perkins, 1920.] 

Cohasset 

For a century after the American Revolution vessels were built 
on the "South Shore," particularly at Cohasset, for Salem owners or 
came into their possession thru purchase as will be seen by reference 
to these lists or to Mr. Collier's Deep Sea Captains of Cohasset. 
In addition to those of which the museum has paintings or models is 
the brig Charles Doggett, 1826, 100 tons, famous as the vessel on which 
Captain William Driver, after many adventures, conveyed the colony 
of Pitcairn islanders back to their home from Tahiti, and as the vessel 
also on which Captain Driver christened the American flag as "Old 
Glory." The brig Eliza Burgess, 1838, 167 tons and the bark Lewis, 
1848, 217 tons, both of Salem, were also built at Cohasset. [See Os- 
good and Batchelder, Sketch of Salem, p. 171.] 




MICHELE FELICE CORN& 
From a painting in the Redwood Library, Newport. R. I. 



PAINTERS OF THE SHIP PICTURES 

Whether originals or copies and for other information, see lists 
of vessels. 

Aylward, W. J., New York. 

Dry Dock Dewey en route for Manila, 1904. 

Bartoll, Samuel, Salem. 

Colors of Essex Guards, 1814; fire-boards and addition to 
doorway painting of E. I. M. Hall, 1825. 

Bateman, Charles E., Newburyport, Mass. 
Empress of the Seas, 1853. 

Brown, Harry, Portland, Maine. 
H. B. M. Monarch, 1870. 

Brown, Porter, Salem. 

Derby Wharf, Salem, 1877. 

Carlotta, A., Port Mahon, Minorca. 
U. S. S. Ontario. 1822. 

Carmiletti, E., Smyrna. 
Brig Leander, 1831. 

Carmillieri, Nicolai, Marseilles. [Sometimes signed Nicolay.] 
Alfred, Experiment, Monk, 1807. 

147 



Cleveland, William, Salem, (1777-1842). 
Brigantine and Sloop, 1790. 

Corne, Michele Felice, Naples, Salem, Newport, R.I., (1757 - 1845). 

Came to Salem from Naples in E. H. Derby's ship Mount 
Vernon, 1799; painted many pictures of ships and during the 
War of 1812 painted a series of naval battles, which were 
exhibited in Salem and Boston, from which he gained a com- 
petency and removed to Newport, R. I., where he lived until 
his death in 1845. [See Mason, Reminiscences of Newport, 
1844, p. 330.] Many of Corne's paintings of naval engagements 
were engraved for the popular naval histories of the War of 
1812, — the Naval Monument, Naval Temple and Naval 
Battles. 

America, Belisarius, Volusia, Ulysses (1st), Fanny, Hazard, 
John, Margaret, Mount Vernon; Fire-boards, — Canton Fac- 
tories, Cape Town, 1799 - 1805. 

Corzini, Raffael, Smyrna. 
Bark Hamilton, 1849. 

Dannenberg, F. 

Nancy, 1805. 

Drew, Clement, Boston. 

Carthage, 1844, H. H. Cole, Vintage. 

Eaton, William Bradley, Salem, (1836 - 1896). 
White Swallow, 1844, steam tug Naumkeag. 

Evans and Arnold, New Orleans. 
Shirley and Julius, 1850. 



Gavazzone, Domenico, Genoa. 
Sooloo (1st). 

Gore, Charles, London. 

Water-color Sketches, 1787. 

Gueisseppi, 

China, about 1820. 

Howard, Joseph, Salem. 

Frigate Essex, 1799. 

Kappanf, C., Hamburg. 

Arabia, about 1860. 

Luscomb, William Henry, Salem, (1805 - 1866). 

Born at Ballston, N. Y., January 19, 1805, and died at 
Salem, November 17, 1866; the Salem directory gives his 
occupation as "a sign and fancy painter." He made many 
oil paintings of Salem vessels and his pencil sketches though 
small were excellent; unfortunately, however, few have been 
preserved. He married, in 1823, Mary Jane Gilman, who 
died November 6, 1874, aged sixty-seven years and six months. 

Schooner George, Pamelia, Rolla, about 1845 - 1855. 

Luz . . . . , John, Venice. 

New England, 1850. 

McFarlane, D. 

Nashville and Harvey Birch, 1864. 

149 



Macpherson, Murdock, Canada, Salem, (.1841 - 1915). 

Born at Fort Simpson, Rupert Land on the Mackenzie river, 
his father being a factor in the Hudson Bay Company, his 
mother a daughter of Edward Smith also of the company. 
From there while a child he was taken the long and difficult 
journey to friends in Nova Scotia and educated, first at Pictou 
Academy and afterwards graduated at McGill College, Mon- 
treal. He studied law with the Hon. A. C. Macdonald and, 
enlisting in the Nova Scotia militia, became a Lieutenant and 
in 1866 Captain in the first Brigade of Pictou artillery. In 1873 
he came to Salem where he took up music and art as a profes- 
sion and gave instruction in both branches. His gift for copy- 
ing the work of the old water-color painters was remarkable; 
from 1902 to 1914 he worked at the Peabody Museum repro- 
ducing the paintings of the famous Salem ships which he did 
with great accuracy of detail. 

America, Belisarius, Cambrian, Carthage, Sukey, Ulysses, 
Volusia and many others. 



Mallini, Gustavo Adolfo, Portoferrajo, Italy. 
Portoferrajo, 1817. 

Mazzinghi, Peter, Leghorn. 
Malay, Nereus, 1833. 

Montardier, , Havre, France. 

Erin, 1810. 

Mooy, Jan. 

Clarissa, 1818. 

Morse, F. A. 

Frederick Billings, 1885. 

150 





**5) y lasou/ft VJrtam Pa&lu^ ■ % ■ \ %. 


1 ' ^jL^Jfr****!^ J 


Hjfc- r-jf'r ^^fl 



DELFT BOWL 
10 inches diameter. Captured by a Marblehead privateer during the Revolution. 




RELICS OF CAPT. ADDISON RICHARDSON 



Morse, George Frederick, Portland, Maine. 

Born at Portland, Maine, March 10, 1834, lives at Portland, 
has for a recreation made many admirable studies in oils, 
especially winter scenes in Maine — he is a brother of Prof. 
Edward S. Morse of the Peabody Museum of Salem. 

Ship Lombard, U. S. S. Corwin and other vessels in Portland 
harbor, 1858. 

Norton, Charles W., Detroit. 
St. Clair, 1875. 

Norton, William Edward, Boston, (1843-1916). 
Schooners, porgy steamer. 

Parker, William P., Salem. 
Sloop yacht Aurora. 

Pellegrini, Hre, Marseilles. [Sometimes signed Pellegrin.] 
Proponlis, Richard, Rome, Sooloo (1st), 1831 - 1848. 

Petersen, Jacob, Copenhagen. 
Patriot, 1817. 

Phippen, Jon., Salem. 

South Carolina, 1790. 

Pocock, Nicholas, London, (1741 - 1821). 

A marine painter of considerable merit, he was also a ship- 
master and commanded the ships Lloyd and Minerva belonging 
to Richard Champion, a London merchant. 

Pencil and water-color sketches, 1790 - 1815. 

151 



Polli, Felice, Trieste. 
Amelia, 1830. 

Raleigh, C. S. 

Eliza Adams, about 1840. 

Ressmann, Francisco, Trieste. 
Margaret, 1809. 

Rogers, Augustus D., Salem, (1820-1896). 
Grotius, Tybee, 1829. 

Ropes, Capt. Andrew M., Salem, (1830-1912). 
Raduga, 1863. 

Ropes, George, Salem, (1788 - 1819). 

Son of Captain George Ropes who was lost at sea on a voyage 
from the Mediterranean in 1807, leaving a widow and nine 
children. The son began as early as 1802, while he was a pupil 
of Michele Come, to paint pictures of vessels and continued 
to do so through life. During the War of 1812 he painted 
many pictures of naval vessels and naval battle scenes. In bus- 
iness he was a carriage and sign-painter and although deaf and 
dumb from birth, by his industry he was the chief support of 
his widowed mother and eight brothers and sisters, one of the 
latter of whom was afflicted like himself. [See Diary of William 
Bentley, vol. IV, p. 573.] 

America, Sukey, Triumphant, Fame, Constitution and Java, 
Glide, Two Brothers, Essex (capture), Crowninshield's Wharf, 
Naval Battles (2), 1802 - 1815. 

Roux, Anton, Marseilles, (1765 - 1835). 

"Joseph-Ange-Antoine Roux was born in Marseilles in 1765 
and died there in 1835. He was established as a hydrographer 

152 




"GRAND TURK" PUNCH BOWL 
16 inches diameter. Chinese Loestclt ware/nade at Canton, 1786, tor Elias Hasket Derby. 



on one of the quays at Marseilles. He greatly admired the 
Provencal artist Joseph Vernet, whose works he copied. His 
ship paintings are noted for their accuracy of detail." 

America, Cadmus, Eunice (repairing), Francis, Naiad, brig, 
Grand Turk, Ulysses (2d), yacht Louisa, Topaz, Mediterranean 
sketches, Frigate in a gale, 1802 - 1823. 

Roux, Anton, his aine, Marseilles, (1799 - 1872). 

Son of Anton Roux, — "continued the double profession of 
his father but his work as an artist was inferior." 
Cygnet, Glide, Reaper, 1823 - 1824. 

Roux, Frederic, Marseilles, Havre, Paris, (1805 - 1870). 

Son of Anton Roux, — "entered the studio of Horace Vernet, 
where he gained a flexibility of vision and boldness of touch 
which were lacking in his brother Anton's work." 

Cambrian, Charlemagne, (3) 1826 - 1838. 

Roux, Francois, Marseilles, (1811 - 1882). 

Son of Anton Roux, — "obtained the title of painter to the 
Ministry of Marine and distinguished himself in his genre 
pictures. Among his works are the American ships Sir John 
Franklin, Racehorse, and Bazaar." [Letter of M. Ferdinand 
Servian, Critique d'art, member of the Academie des Sciences, 
Lettres et Beaux Arts, Marseilles, Feb. 1917, regarding the 
Roux family.] 

Olinda, 1827. 

Russell, Benjamin, New Bedford, Mass., (1804 - 1885). 
Minnesota, about 1860. 

Russell, Edward J., Boston, (1835 - 1906). 

Of English birth, lived in Boston and did excellent work as a 
copyist. 
Chesapeake and Shannon, Frigate in a Gale. 

153 



Salmon, Robert, Liverpool, Boston. 

He came to Boston in 1828 and painted industriously until 
his death, not only marine but other subjects. His views of 
Boston harbor and the shipping are highly prized, and although 
he painted rapidly his work was accurate and painstaking. 
An annotated list was left by Robert Salmon with the record 
of his paintings and sales, kept in his own phonetic manner 
and covering the period from 1828 to 1840, a copy of which 
is in possession of the Boston Public Library and a type-written 
copy at the Peabody Museum of Salem. 

Ships Liverpool, United States; Lugger and Cutter, Liverpool 
from Cheshire [The Mersey with ship coming out]. 

Smith, W. H. 

Wreck of H. B. M. Anson [on paper water-marked 1825]. 

Smith, W. H. 

Metis, 1868. 



Smith, 



Golden West, 1857. 



Stone, Edmund, Beverly, Mass. 

A sailor on the ship George of which he painted many pictures. 
George, (5) about 1820. 

Stubbs, W. P., Boston. 

Glide, Mindoro, Taria Topan, 1881. 

Sunqua, Lintin, China. 

Cynthia, 1838, Montauk, 1844; also, Chinese river views. 

T. P. 

Hercules in a gale, 1835. 

154 




STAFFORDSHIRE PUNCH BOWLS 
13 inches diameter. Made for the Salem East India Marine Society. Showing the engagement between 
the U.S. frigate "Constellation" and the French frigate " Insure.ente." 1799. 




CHINESE LOESTOFT TUREENS 
22 inches long. Presented to the Salem East India Marine Society in 1803 and used at the annual banquets. 



Torrey, Charles, Brookline, Mass. 

Mindoro, 1917, Sooloo (2d), Fanny, Camel, Packet, schooner 
Fame, Tidal Wave, New Hazard, 1919 - 1920. 

Turner, Ross Sterling, Salem, (1848- 1915). 

Chesapeake and Shannon 1890; John Bertram, Friendship, 
Prudent, bark Eliza, Baltick, 1893, after originals; sketch, 16th 
century ship. 

Vittaluga, Antoine, Genoa. 

Cleopatra's Barge (2), 1817. 

Wales, George C, Boston. 

Susan Drew, etching, 1918. 

Ward, William, Salem. 

Friendship, Recovery, 1799. 

West, Benjamin Franklin, Salem, (1818- 1854). 

Son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Moseley) West, was born in 
Salem, June 15, 1818 and died April 11, 1854. The Salem 
directory describes him as "painter, 125 Essex St." He worked 
in oil colors and his paintings of ships although somewhat stiff 
are accurate in details. Thru his work we fortunately have 
pictures of many Salem vessels portraits of which otherwise 
would not have been preserved. He never received instruction 
in painting which was a natural gift. 

Chalcedony, 1825, Margaret, about 1835, Navigator, 1841, 
and others. 

Weytz, P., Antwerp. 

Natchez, Robert Pulsford, 1840 - 1844. 

White, George Merwanjee, Salem, (1849-1915). 
Emerald. 



155 



PAINTERS OF THE PORTRAITS 

Alexander, Francis, Boston, Florence, Italy, (1800- 1881). 
Nathan Neal, about 1840. 

Benson, Frank W., Salem, (1862 ). 

Prof. Edward S. Morse, 1913; John Robinson, 1917; John F. 
Brooks, 1918. 

Caliga, Isaac H., Salem, (1857 ). 

John H. Sears, 1908. 

Campbell, Georgine. 

John W. Rogers, 1916. 

Corne, Michele Felice. [See Painters of The Ship Pictures.] 
Capt. James Cook, circumnavigator, 1804. 

Dexter, Henry, Cambridge, (1806-1876). 
Marble bust of William Gray. 

Frothingham, James, Charlestown, Salem, (1786-1864). 
E. H. Derby; Rev. William Bentley, about 1810. 

Furness, R. T. 

James D. Gillis, after F. de Braekeleer, 1909. 

156 




VENICIAN CHANDELIER 
One oi a pair presented tc the Salem East India Marine Society in 1804 by Capt. Benja 
The timbering of 1824 shews in the picture. 



i Carpenter. 



Furze, George, Leghorn. 

Capt. Haraden, 1807. 

Gulliver, Mary. 

Capt. Benj. Crowninshield, after miniature, 1895, 

Hartwell, Alonzo, Boston, (1805 - 1873). 

Nath. Silsbee; D. L. Pickman after Chester Harding, 
(1792-1866). 

Hinkley, Robert, Washington, D. C, (1853 — ■ — ). 

Richard S. Rogers after photograph; Jacob Crowninshield 
after miniature, 1880. 

Hirshmann, Holland. 

Henry Elkins, 1791. 

Horneman, CHRISTIAN, Copenhagen, (1765-1844). 
John Becket, 1811. 

Leslie, Charles Robert, London, England, (1794-1859). 
Nathaniel West, about 1840. 

McIntire, Samuel, Salem, (1757 - 1811). 

Distinguished carver and architect. [See Cousins and Riley, 
The Wood-Carver of Salem.] 

Yamqua, 1801; figurehead, about 1790; carvings. 

Metzer, J., Antwerp. 

Geo. W. Cleveland, 1835. 

Mooney, Edward L., New York, (1813-1887). 
Ahmed ben Haman, 1840. 

157 



Osgood, Charles, Salem, (1809 - 1890). 

Nathaniel Bowditch, Joseph Peabody, Henry F. King, Allen 
Putnam, John H. Eagleston, Charles Hoffman and others. 

Pratt, Henry Cheever, (1803 - 1880). 
Joseph Pratt. 

Quinby, Frederick, Boston. 

Dr. Charles G. Weld, 1915. 

St. Memin, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de, (1770 - 1852). 

Born at Dijon, France, he was for political reasons exiled to 
United States, 1793 to 1814. Here he applied his artistic talents 
to making profile portraits by means of a physionotrace which 
were reduced by a pantograph and engraved. A volume con- 
taining reproductions of his portraits was published in New 
York in 1862. 

William Cleveland, about 1810. 

Schell, A. Bertram. 

George Peabody of London, 1867. 

Schiller, B. C. 

John B. Fiske, 1846. 

Southward, George, Salem, (1804 - 1876). 

Pickering Dodge, after James Frothingham, 1870. 

Stanley, J. M., Honolulu, H. T. 
Stephen Reynolds, 1848. 

True, Joseph, Salem. 

He worked from about 1816 to 1866, furnishing the carved 
capitols for columns of many doorways besides figureheads 
and other ship carvings. 

Chinese figure, 1838. 

158 



' 




"HEAVEN AND THE DAY OF JUDGMENT" 



In 1806, Gen. Elias Hasket Derby, son of the Salem merchant of 
the same name, gave the East India Marine Museum the carving 
known as "Heaven and the Day of Judgment" and more familiarly 
as "Heaven and Hell," which the two sections of the globe respectively 



represent. This is undoubtedly the most widely known single object 
in the museum and for one hundred years the only object of this sort 
in any museum in the country; it has always been kept with the relics 
of the E. I. M. Society. These carvings were made in Flanders during 
the fifteenth or early sixteenth centuries and were intended for the 
terminal beads of rosaries for the wealthy Roman Catholic nobility. 
This one is an admirable example of these wonderful box-wood carv- 
ings. While it is but two inches in diameter, 109 full-length figures 
and heads are crowded into the two sections of the ball. The museum 
is indebted to Mr. J. P. Morgan of New York for a copy of the great 
illustrated "Catalogue of Jewels and Works of Art" in the Morgan 
collection, prepared for Mr. J. P. Morgan, Senior, in 1910, in which 
among other objects of art similar carvings are illustrated and 
described. 



BOATS AND MODELS IN THE ETHNOLOGICAL 
COLLECTIONS 

[Compiled by Lawrence W. Jenkins] 

The following list of boats and boat models includes all native 
craft in the Ethnological collections of the Peabody Museum. Many 
of them came originally from the collections of the East India Marine 
Society and thru the Essex Institute. The dates given in parentheses 
are the earliest known in connection with the object, — either the date 
when collected or when presented, — although in many cases the 
specimens are older. No dates after 1900 are given. The figures are 
the lengths in feet and inches. 



Africa. 



Trading boat, rigged model, 9' 11", from East Coast. (1849)' 

Trading boat, model, 6', from East Coast. (1849) 

Trading boat, rigged model, 2' 8", from West Coast. (1855)' 

Dugout, model, 3' 9", from Cape Palmas, West Coast. 

Dugout, model, 2' 9", from Cape Palmas, West Coast. (1851> 

Dugout, model, 2', from Liberia. 

Dugout, model, 5' 11", from Upper Congo River. 

Dugout, model, 2' 9", from Matabeleland. 



America, North. 



One man kaiak, 18' 6", Eskimo. 
One man kaiak, 18' 5", Eskimo of Hudson's Bay. 
One man kaiak, model, 1' 6", Eskimo of Point Barrow. 
One man kaiak, model, 2' 10", Eskimo of Baffin Land. 



159 



One man kaiak, model, 2' 1", Eskimo of Nelson Island. 
One man kaiak, model, 1' 7", Eskimo of Aleutian Islands. 
(1800) 

Two men kaiak, model, 2' 7", Eskimo of Aleutian Islands. 

Two men kaiak, model, 3' 2", Eskimo of Aleutian Islands. 
(1802) 

Two men kaiak, model, 2' 3", Eskimo of Kodiak Island. 
(1829) 

Three men kaiak, model, 2' 3", Eskimo of Kodiak Island. 

Three men kaiak, model, 3', Eskimo of Kodiak Island. (1812) 

One man kaiak, model, 2' 7", Eskimo of Labrador. 

One man kaiak, model, 9", Eskimo of Labrador. 

Bark canoe, 18', Penobscot Indians, Maine. (1826) 

Bark canoe, model, 7' 11", Penobscot Indians, Maine. 
(1873) 

Bark canoe, model, 2' 2", Penobscot Indians, Maine. (Very 
old) 

Bark canoe, model, 2', Micmac Indians, Nova Scotia. (1803) 

Bark canoe, model, 2' 9", Micmac Indians, Nova Scotia. 
(1803) 

Bark canoe, model, 3' 3", Micmac Indians, New Brunswick. 
(1803) 

Bark canoe, model, 1' 6", Micmac Indians, New Brunswick. 
(1840.) 

Bark canoe, model, 1' 9", Micmac Indians, New Brunswick. 
(1893) 

Bark canoe, model, 3', Ojibwa Indians, Lake Superior. 
(1825) 

Bark canoe, model, 1' 10", Ojibwa Indians, Lake Huron. 
(1825) 

Bark canoe, model, 4', Ojibwa Indians. (1850) Made and 
presented by Mangardus, an Ojibwa Indian. 

Bark canoe, model, 1' 1", Ojibwa Indians, Minnesota. 
(1880) 

Dugout, 21' 9", Seminole Indians, Florida. 



160 





FISHING RAFT 
Model cf a Formosa bambu fishing raft before 187 




TRADING JUNK 
Working model of a Japanese junk-builder about 1800. 



Bark canoe, model, 2' 9", Athapascan Indians, Upper Yukon, 
Alaska. 

Bark canoe, model, 1' 8", Athapascan Indians, Upper Yukon, 
Alaska. 

Rush raft, "Balsa," 10' 9", Porno Indians, Upper Lake, 
California. (1898) 

Rush raft, "Balsa," model, 3' 9", Porno Indians, Upper Lake, 
California. 

Rush raft, "Balsa," model, 2' 9", Porno Indians, Upper Lake, 
California. 

Rush raft, "Balsa," model, 2' 5", Pomo Indians, Upper 
Lake, California. 

Dugout, model, 2', Chinook Indians, Columbia River, Wash- 
ington. (1825) 

Dugout, model, V 9", Makah Indians, Washington. (1889) 
Dugout, model, 3' 5", Tsimshian Indians, British Columbia. 
Old style war canoe. 

Dugout, model, 3' 6", Nootka Indians, Vancouver Island 
(1860) 

Dugout, model, 2', Nootka Indians, Vancouver Island. 
Dugout, model, 2' 5", Haida Indians, North West Coast 
(1860) 

Dugout, model, 2' 3", Haida or Tlingit Indians, North West 
Coast. 

Dugout, model, 2' 9", Tlingit Indians, North West Coast. 
(1883) 

America, South. 

Dugout, model, 1' 7", from Surinam. 

Dugout, model, 1' 7", from Venezuela. 

Catamaran, rigged model, 1'5", from Rio Grande, Brazil. 
(1856) 

Catamaran, rigged model, 2' 11", from Rio Amazon, Brazil 

(1834) 

Catamaran, rigged model, 1'2", from Rio Amazon, Brazil. 

(1864) 

161 



Catamaran, rigged model, 1' 5", from Rio Amazon, Brazil. 

Catamaran, model, 1' 2", from Rio Amazon, Brazil. 

Catamaran, model, 1' 4", from Rio Para, Brazil. (1854) 

Rush raft, "Balsa," model, 2' 3", from Lake Titicaca, Bolivia. 
(1894) 

Rush raft, "Balsa," rigged model, 2' 3", from Lake Titicaca, 
Bolivia. (1849) 

Rush raft, "Balsa," model, 3' 5", from Lake Titicaca, Bolivia. 

Rush raft, "Balsa," model, 2', from Lake Titicaca, Bolivia. 

Bark canoe, model, 4' 5", Yahgan Indians, Tierra del Fuego. 

Bark canoe, model, 2' 2", Yahgan Indians, Tierra del Fuego. 

Bark canoe, model, 1' 11", Yahgan Indians, Tierra del Fuego. 

Ceylon. 

Outrigger canoe, rigged model, 2' 6", from Point de Galle. 
(1860) 

Outrigger canoe, rigged model, 3' 6", from Point de Galle. 
(1894) 

Outrigger canoe, rigged model. 3' 6", from Point de Galle. 



China. 



Mandarin's boat, rigged model, 2' 7". (1845) 
Mandarin's boat, rigged model, 2' 6". (1883) 
Mandarin's boat, rigged model, 2' 4". (1883) 
Mandarin's boat, model, 3' 4". (1864) 
River boat, model, 2' 5". (1883) 
River boat, model, 2' 2". (1883) 
River boat, model, 2' 1". (1885) 
River boat, model, 2' 7". 
Passage boat, model, 2'. (1883) 
Trading junk, rigged model, 2' 10". 
Trading junk, rigged model, 2' 9". (1842) 
Flower boat, model made of ivory, 1' 5". (1883) 
Flower boat, model made of ivory, 1'3". 



162 




AN AMERICAN BRIG 
Model made by a native ( n the west coast of Africa abcut 1852. See page 73. 




"DHOW" OR TRADING BOAT 
Model made by a native on the east coast of Africa before 1849. 



Flower boat, model made of pottery, 1' 4". (1860) 
War boat, rigged model, 3' 9". 
Sampan, model, 9". (1882) 

Formosa. 

Bambu fishing raft, rigged model, 2' 7". (1877) 

Greenland. 

One man kaiak, model, 2'. (1884) 



India. 



Fast boat, model, 4' 7", from Calcutta. (1869) 
Surf boat, model, V 6", from Madras. (1877) 
Race boat, model, 3' 9", from Travancore. (1883) 



Japan. 



Trading junk, rigged model, 5' 5". (1800) A builder's 
working model with parts lettered to correspond with colored 
plans. 

Trading junk, rigged model, 4' 9". (Old) 

Trading junk, rigged model, 2' 8". (1866) 

Trading junk, rigged model, 1' 10". 

Trading junk, rigged model, 1' 5". (1882) 

War junk, model, 5' 3". 

Pleasure boat, model, 1' 5". (1882) 

Pleasure boat, model, 2' 3". (1893) 

Small boat, model, 2'. (1800) Tender for trading junk. 

Small boat, model, 7". (1882) Tender for trading junk. 



Madagascar. 



Outrigger canoe, model, 3' 7". (1831) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 4' 3". (1870) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 2' 5". (1890) 

163 



Malay. 

Piratical boat, rigged model, 5'. (1838) 

Piratical boat, rigged model, 4' 8". (1841) 

Trading boat, rigged model, 1' 10". (1823) 

Trading boat, rigged model, 2' 6". (1826) 

Trading boat, rigged model, 3' 11". (1838) 

Double outrigger canoe, rigged model, 3' 2", from Sumatra. 

Boat, model made of cloves, 1'6", from Ambonia Island. 

Malay Peninsula. 

Fast boat, model, 4' 11", from Singapore. (1854) 

Fast boat, model, 4' 9", from Singapore. 

Fast boat, model, 4' 4". 

Fast boat, rigged model, 4' 9", from Singapore. (1854) 

Fast boat, rigged model, 4' 9", from Singapore. 

Pacific Islands. 

Outrigger canoe, model, 3' 7", from Kusaie, Caroline Islands. 
(1892) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 2' 7", from Kusaie, Caroline Islands. 
(1892) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 2' 6", from Kusaie, Caroline Islands, 
(1892) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 4' 8", from Ruk, Caroline Islands. 
(1892) 

Double canoe, rigged model, 3' 7", from Fiji Islands. (1858) 

Double canoe, rigged model, 2' 3", from Fiji Islands. (1858) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 3' 6", from Hawaiian Islands. 

Outrigger canoe, model, 1' 6", from Hawaiian Islands. 
(1864) 

Canoe, model, 3' 1", from Hawaiian Islands. (1802) 

Canoe, model, 1' 5", from Hawaiian Islands. 

Double canoe, rigged model, 2' 8", from Manahiki Island. 

Canoe, model, 4' 6", from Manahiki Island. 

164 




MANDARIN'S BOAT 
Chinese model made before 1883- 




FLOWER BOAT 
Chinese model made of ivory before 1883. 



Outrigger canoe, model, 1' 8", from Marquesas Islands. 
(1817) 

Outrigger canoe, rigged model, 6', from Marshall Islands. 
(1892) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 2' 10", from Nanouti, Gilbert Islands. 
(1892) 

War canoe, model, 6' 10", from New Zealand. (1838) 

Outrigger canoe, model, 7' 8", from Niue Island. 

Outrigger canoe, model, 2' 2", from Niue Island. 

Canoe, model, 1' 10", from Niue Island. 

Outrigger canoe, 15' 3", from Samoan Islands. 

Philippine Islands. 

Double outrigger canoe, rigged model, 4' 1". (1885) 



Siam. 



River boat, model, 2' 7". 
River boat, model, 1' 5". 
Small boat, model, 1' 10". (1894) 



165 



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1 66 




DOUilLE CANOE 
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Crowninshield, Francis B. The Story of George Crowninshield's 
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Currier, John J. Ship-buildina; on the Merrimac. Newburyport, 
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Essex Institute. Historical Collections. 56 vols. Salem, 1859 to 
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Falconer, William. Universal Dictionary of the Marine. London, 
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Gage, Thomas. History of Rowley, Mass., Boston, 1840. 

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Hunter, William C. Fan Kwae at Canton, London, 1882. Old 
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Kerr, Dr. Canton Guide. Hong Kong and Canton, 1880. 

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Lewis, Alonzo and Newhall, James R. History of Lynn, Mass. 
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Maclay, Edgar Stanton. History of American privateers. New 
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McKibben, Frank P. The Stone Fleet of 1861; The Whaling 
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Mason, George Chaplin. Reminiscences of Newport, R. I. New- 
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172 



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173 



INDEX 



Adams, John, (President), 73. 

J. Q. (President), 1. 
Africa, boat models, 159. 
Ahmet ben Haman, 101, 102, 157. 
Aiken, William B., 102. 
Aleutian Islands, boat models, 160. 
Alexander, Francis, 100, 110, 156. 
Allen, Edward (1735-1803), 18, 102. 

Edward (1763-1845), 100, 102. 

Gardner W., 166. 

George H., 30. 

John Fiske, 102. 

John W., 41. 
Ambergris. 142. 
America, North, boat models, 160. 

South, boat models, 161. 
Anchors, 130. 
Andrews, Horatio N., 142. 
Ansted. A., 166. 
Appendix, 135. 
Arabic, letters in, 113. 
Archer, Henry, 44. 

Athapascan Indians, boat models, 161. 
Atlantic Shipping Co., 80. 
Austin, William, 32. 
Ayhvard, W. J., 62, 147. 

Babson, John J., 166. 

Bache's silhouettes, 117, 118. 

Backsights, on quadrants, 96. 

Bacon, Eustice, 23. 

Baer, A., 111. 

Baffin Land, boat model, 159. 

Bainbridge, Com. William, 61, 74. 

Baleen boxes, 131. 

Ballard, Captain, 42. 

Balsa, rush raft, 161, 162. 

Barkentine, 49, 71, 79, 83. 

Barker and Magoun, 90. 

Barker, Thomas, 87, 138. 

Bark, 17, 20, 22, 24, 28, 31, 35, 36. 38, 
40-42, 44, 46, 50, 51, 54, 55, 71-73, 
77-79, 81, 83-85, 139, 140, 146. 

Barnard, Lydia, 45. 

Barometers, 88. 

Barr, James, 98, 102. 

Bartol Samuel, 65, 147. 



Bateau, 59. 

Bateman, Charles E., 25, 147. 
Bates, Jonathan B., 54. 
Beadle. Charles, 93, 132. 

John, 141. 

William, 97. 
Becket, Daniel C, 20, 69, 73, 74, 87, 137. 

John (1776-1816), 103, 157. 

John (1791-1873), 103. 

Retire, 19, 22, 23, 26, 33, 38, 41, 46, 
129, 137. 
Beckets, chest, 128. 
Bennett, Frank M., 166. 
Benson, Frank, W., 100, 109, 112, 156. 

Samuel, 46, 103. 
Bentley, Rev. William, 100, 102, 138, 139 

142, 156, 166. 
Bequests of objects, 132. 
Bertram, John, 55, 100, 103, 139, 140. 
Beverly, ships, 173. 
Binnacle, 88. 
Binney, Arthur, 69, 70. 
Black-Bali Line, 6. 
Black Hawk, 103. 
Blake, Robert, 103. 
Blanklev, Thomas R., 166. 
Block Island boat, 71. 
Boat models, native, foreign, 159. 
Boat, paper, 77. 
Bolivia, boat model, 162. 
Bombarde, 59. 
Bonaparte, Charles J., 130. 

Lucien, 33. 
Boston merchants, 173. 
Boston, vessels built at, 144. 
Bottles, designs in, 75. 
Boucher, H. E., 71. 
Bowditch, Nathaniel, 96, 97, 100, 104, 

132, 158. 
Bowen, Abel, 166. 
Bowker Brothers, 85. 
Bovd, Adam, 142. 
Braekeleer, F. de, 108, 156. 
Bradlee, Francis B. C, 167. 
Brainard, F. R., 167. 
Brazil, boat models, 161, 162. 
Bridges, Henry G., 104. 



175 



Brig, 7, 8, 16, 19, 20, 22, 25, 29, 31- 
40, 42-47, 53, 54, 56, 69, 72, 73, 77, 
82, 83, 138, 139, 142. 

half, 7. 

hermaphrodite, 7, 8, 15, 22, 24, 29, 36, 
37, 43, 44, 51, 55, 73. 
Brigantine, 7, 8, 15, 26, 44, 50, 73. 
Briggs, Cushing O. and Henry, 32. 

Elijah, 25, 37, 40, 44, 82, 138, 141. 

Enos, 18, 21, 22, 27, 29, 30, 31, 46. 47, 
77, 79, 138, 139, 140, 144. 

James R., 104. 

Luther, 49. 

L. Vernon, 167. 
Brooks, John F., 104, 123, 156. 
Brooks and Usher, 167. 
Brown, Harry, 64, 147. 

Joseph, 26. 

Joshua, 77-83, 85, 86, 140, 141. 

Porter, 65, 147. 

William (1769-1802), 104. 

William (1783-1833), 104. 
Browne, Albert G., 121. 
Bubbles, hydrostatic, 91. 
Bufnngton, James, 104. 
Burgess, Hollis, 70. 
Burnham, Daniel A., 78. 

David & Willard A., 78, 142. 

J. Horace, 80, 142. 

Jeremiah, 85, 142. 

Oliver, 85, 142. 

Willard A., 78, 80, 84. 
Burrill, Josiah G., 104. 
Burwell, A. A., 24, 42. 
Busks, 131. 
Butman, John C., 40. 

Calcutta, boat model, 163. 

Calendars, ship, 171. 

Caliga, I. H., 100, 114, 156. 

Calipers, 88. 

Campbell, Georgine, 112, 156. 

Canes, 131. 

Canoe models, 161-165. 

Canton Factories, paintings, 66, 67, 148. 

167, 169. 
Canton River, paintings, 67. 
Capetown, painting, 66, 148. 
Carlotta, A., 62, 147. 
Carmillieri, Nicolai, 15, 26, 41, 147. 
Carmiletti, E., 37, 147 
Carnes, John, 105. 
Caroline Islands, boat model, 164. 
Carpenter, Benjamin, 100, 105, 133. 
Carter, Justin, 54, 139. 
Catamaran, 161, 162. 
Cat-o-nine-tails, 129. 
Ceylon, boat models, 162. 
Chamberlain, Frances, 110. 



Champion, Richard, 151. 
Chandeliers, Venetian glass, 133. 
Chapman, Moses, 117, 118. 

William O., 171. 
Charting instruments, 92. 
Chatterton E. Keble, 167. 
Chebacco boats, 142. 
Chebec, 59. 

Cheever, Josiah C, 117. 
Chelsea, vessels built at, 144. 
Chest, camphor wood, 132. 
medicine, 126. 
sea, 126. 
ship's, 126. 
Chever, James W., 76. 
China, boat models, 162. 
Chincha Islands, painting, 66. 
Chinook Indians, boat model, 161. 
Choate, David, 167. 
Chronometers, 89. 
Chute, Sir James, 58. 
Circle of Reflection, 89. 
Circle, half, 91. 
Clarence, Captain, 72. 
Clark, Arthur H., 167. 
Cleveland, Elizabeth, 117. 
George, 117. 
George W., 105, 157. 
Richard J., 167. 

William, 28, 57, 105, 132, 148, 158. 
Clipper ship, 1], 12, 17, 25, 35, 41, 55, 

167. 
Cogeshall, George, 167. 
Cohasset, vessels built at, 146. 

shipmasters, 167. 
Cole, Leland H., 28. 
Collier, Edmund, 167. 
Collins, Joseph W., 168. 
Colors, see Flags. 
Compass, 89. 
azimuth, 89. 
Chinese, 89. 
tell-tale, 89. 
Congo, boat model, 159. 
Cook, Capt. James, 90, 105, 156. 
Coolidge, J. T., 70. 
Corzini, Raffael, 32, 148. 
Corne\ Michele F., 4, 18, 27, 33, 35, 38, 
41, 52, 53. 65, 66, 105, 146, 148, 152, 
156, 170. 
Cottle, William, 139. 
Crandall, Newport, R. I., 78, 82, 84, 86. 
Creesy. Josiah Perkins, 12, 80. 
Crowley, Cornelius, 85. 
Crowninshield, Capt. Benj., 18, 105, 157. 
B. B., 168. 

Hon. Benj. W., 1, 101, 168. 
Caspar, 132. 
Francis B., 168. 



176 



Crowninshield, George, 18, 22, 60, 65, 106. 

Jacob, 100, 101, 106, 157. 

John, 128. 
Crowninshield's Wharf, 152. 
Cumberland, U. S. S., 96. 
Currier, 52. 

C. H. & Co., 40, 79. 

John J., 84, 142, 168. 
Currier & Townsend, 46. 
Curtis, Paul, 31, 81. 

P. & J. O., 21. 
Curwen, Samuel R., 31, 47. 
Curves, adjustable, 90. 

Dannenberg, F., 42, 148. 
Danvers, vessels built at, 144. 
Davies, Prof. Charles, 90. 
Davis, John, 95. 
Dean, Walter L., 77. 
Depths, instruments for measuring, 92. 
Derby, Elias Hasket, 31, 100, 101, 106, 
138, 156. 

Richard, 3. 

Samuel, 28. 
Derby house, paintings in cupola, 41. 
Derby wharf, 147. 
Desks, ship-masters', 132. 
Devereux, James, 27. 
Dewey, Admiral George, 123. 
Dexter, Henry, 108, 119, 156. 
Diameters, instrument for measuring, 92. 
Dividers, 90. 

Dobson, Benjamin P., 86. 
Dodge, F. W. Co., 140. 

Pickering, 100, 106, 158. 
Dog-vane, 90. 
Dory, models, 73. 
Dowden, James, 83, 124. 
Drag, ship's, 130. 
Drew, Clement, 20, 34, 53, 148. 
Driver, William, 146. 
Dugout, models, 159, 160, 161. 
Dunn, Thomas C, 23, 128. 
Dutch East India Company, 28. 
Dutte, Rajendra, 101, 118. 

Eagleston, John H., 106, 158. 
East India Marine Hall, dedicated, 1. 
East India Marine Soc, relics, 132. 
Eaton, William B., 54, 56, 148. 
Edge, G. W., 43. 
Elkins, Henry, 107, 157. 
Elmina, painting, 66. 
Embargo period, 169. 
Emery, Noah, 117. 
Emmons, Lt. George F., 168. 
Endicott, Moses, 45. 
William, 30. 



English, Philip, 3. 
Erskine, Charles, 63, 131, 168. 
Eshing, Hong merchant, 107. 
Eskimo, kaiak, 160. 
kaiak model, 159. 
Essex County, Mass., history, 169. 
Essex Institute, objects from, 2. 
Essex, ship-building at, 142, 167, 171. 
Essex Guards, colors, 121. 
Everdean, Captain, 70. 
Evans & Arnold, 36, 48, 148. 

Falconer, William, 169. 
Fast boat, Malay, model, 164. 
Feloque, 59. 
Felt, Joseph, 15. 

Rev. Joseph B., 169. 
Fetteplace, William, 100, 107. 
Figureheads, 62, 125. 
Fiji Islands, boat models, 164. 
Fire-board, 16, 41, 56. 
Fishing Industrv, 125. 
Fiske, John B., '107, 158. 
Flag, 120, 167, 169. 

American, 121. 

American in Japan, 28. 

Chinese, 123. 

European, 123. 

House, 120, 121. 

Japanese, 123. 

Korean, 123. 

Philippine, 123. 

Red Cross, 123. 

to mark whale, 123. 

U. S. Transport, 122. 
Flower boat, Chinese, models, 162, 163. 
Fogg, Fred, 51. 
Forbes, J. M., 19. 

Robert B., 69. 
Ford, James, 15. 
Formosa, boat models, 163. 
Foster & Co., 36. 
Foster & Taylor, 35. 
Francis, Joseph, 73. 
Frigate in gale, 153. 
Frisbee, Andrew J., 141. 
Frothingham, James, 100, 106, 156, 158. 
Frye, Nathan, 44. 
Frye's Mills, 138. 
Fuller, George, 20, 50. 

Enoch, 62, 71. 75. 

Thomas, 17, 107. 
Furness, R. T., 108, 156. 
Furze, George, 108, 157. 

Gage, Thomas, 169. 
Gale, Samuel, 107. 
Gallup, John L., 107. 



177 



Gauging instruments, 90. 

Gavazzone, Domenico, 49, 148. 

Ghose, Durgha Prasanna, 101, 119. 

Gibaut, John, 128. 

Gifts, memorial, 132. 

Gilbert Islands, boat models, 165. 

Gill, Charles, 32. 

Gillis, James, D., 108. 

Glass, paintings on, 42, 47. 

Glazier, George, 69. 

Globes, old, 90. 

Gloucester, history, 166. 

vessels built at, 143. 
Godfrey, Thomas, 95. 
Goodhue, Benjamin, 117. 
Goldsmith, Zaccheus, 129. 
Gondola, Venice, 73. 
Gore, Charles, 58, 149. 
Grand Manan, steamer off, 57. 
Gray, Edward, 34, 169. 

Lucia, 99. 

William, 12, 34, 99, 100, 101, 108, 119, 
130, 131, 156, 169. 

William B., 73. 
Graves, William B., 42. 
"Great Ship," the, 5, 6, 32, 138. 
Greenland, kaiak, 163. 

Gueissippi, , 21, 149. 

Gulliver, Mary, 105, lo7. 

Hadley, John, 95. 

Haida Indians, boat model, 161. 

Hall, Isaac & Co., 79. 

Samuel, 36. 
Hallet, Franklin, 23. 
Hammond, John, 47. 

Joseph, 126. 
Haraden, Captain, 108, 157. 

Jonathan, 108. 
Harbors, paintings of, 65. 
Harding, Chester, 111, 114, 157. 
Hardy, Joseph, 137. 
Harrison, Peleg D., 169. 
Hartwell, Alonzo, 111, 114, 157. 

Joseph, 72. 
Hawaiian Islands, boat models, 164. 
Hawkes, Benjamin, 37, 139. 
Hawkins, John F., 77. 
Havden & Cudworth, 18, 54. 
Hinkley, Robert, 106, 113, 157. 
Hirshmann, 157. 
Hodge, Charles, 42. 
Hodges, Benjamin, 117, 119. 

Mrs. Benjamin, 117. 

Gamaliel, 98. 

George, 53, 61, 133. 

Jonathan, 100. 
Hoffman, Charles, 88, 91, 108, 158. 
Hollingworth, Richard, 137. 



Hollis, Prof. Ira N., 169. 
Holyoke, Dr. E. A., 98. 
Hong Kong, painting, 67. 
Horizon, artificial, 91. 
Horneman, Christian, 157. 
Howard, Joseph, 25, 149. 
Howe, O. T., 169. 
Hoyt & Jenks. 90. 
Hudson's Bay, kaiak, 159. 
Hulin, William, 141. 
Hull, Com. Isaac, 61. 
Humphreys, Edwin, 70, 71, 79, 83. 
Hunnewell, James. 139, 169. 
Hurd, D. Hamilton, 169. 
Hunt, Thomas & Co., 68. 
Hunter, William C, 169. 
Hydrometer, 91. 
Hygrometer, 91. 

India, boat models, 163. 
Instruments, nautical, 88. 
Irons & Grinnell, 32. 
Ishizaki, Yushi, 28. 
Issaverdens, Peter, 32. 

Jagging wheels, 131. 
Jackson, George W., Jr., 143. 
James, Galen, 145. 

J. G., 142. 

John & Co., 142. 
Japan, American vessels at, 28. 

boat models, 163. 

junk-builder's model, 163. 
Jeakes. aquatint, 60. 
Jefferson, Thomas, (President), 133. 
Jenkins, Lawrence W., 13, 159. 
Jenks, Elias, 139. 
Jenks & Hoyt, 19, 47, 49. 
Johnson, William, 109. 
Junk, Chinese, models, 162. 

Japanese, models, 163. 

Kaiak, 159, 160. 
Kane, Dr. E. K., 142. 
Kappanf, C, 16, 149. 
Kendrick, Capt., 28. 
Kennedy, Samuel, 22. 
Ketch, 9, 35, 79. 
Killicks, 130, 170. 
King, Henry, 21, 108, 128. 

Henry F., 108, 158. 

Robert W., 109. 
King's silhouettes, 117. 
Kinsman. Nathaniel, 52. 

Nathaniel J., 18. 
Kirkland, President Harvard College, 2. 
Kodiak Island, boat model, 160. 
Knots, books about, 129. 



178 



Knots — Continued 

measurement, 93. 

splices, etc., 128, 129, 172. 
Kusiae Island, boat model, 164. 

Labrador, boat model, 160. 

Ladd and Piper, 17, 26. 

Lambert, Ebenezer, 137. 

Lamps, ships', 131. 

Lamson, Zachary, 169. 

Lander, William, 109. 

Lane, Edward, 127. 

Lanterns, ship's, 131. 

Lantz, Owen S., 82. 

Lassen, Peter, 24. 

Launching, model, 77. 

Lawrence, Capt. James, 60. 

Leach, Samuel, 141. 

Leads, hand and deep sea, 92 

Leavitt, William, 170. 

Lee, George, 23. 
John, Jr., 15. 

Lefavour, Joseph, 109. 

Lendholm, Frederick, 12. 109 
Rebecca, M., 109. 

Leslie, C. R., 100, 157. 

Letter of marque, 9. 

Lewis, Samuel, 82, 139. 

Alonzo & Newhall, Jas. R., 170 
Liberia, boat model, 159. 
Lindsey, Benjamin J., 144, 170 
Life-boat, model, 73. 
Liverpool from Cheshire, 56, 154. 
Livingstone, Dr. David, 97. 
Lloyds, American, 166. 
Log, Gould's patent, used in 1817, 10 
harpoon, 93. 
heaving the, 93. 
Log-books, 11, 125. 
Log-glass, 92. 
Log-line, 93. 
Log-watch, 93. 
Lord, George E., 93. 
Low, Abiel A., 119. 

A. A. & Brother, 41. 
Lowestoft, Chinese, 133. 
Ludlow, Lieut., 60. 
Lugger and Cutter, 56, 154. 
Lunt, George, 29. 

Luscomb, William Henrv, 30. 32 36 39 
44, 47, 149. 

Luz . . . , , of Venice, 43. 

Lynch, Lieut., 113. 
Lynn, history, 170. 

vessels built at, 144. 

Macao, paintings, 67. 
McFarlane, D., 32, 64, 149. 



Mclntire, Samuel, 119, 125, 157, 168 
McKay, Donald, 15, 34, 80, 85 
Mackay, Harvey C. 31. 
McKenzie, J. & L., 142 

James, 82. 
McKibben, Frank P., 170. 
Maclay, Edgar S., 15, 60, 70, 109, 170 
McMullan, William, 102, 128. 

memorial gifts, 132. 
Macpherson, Murdock, 15, 17-27 29 30 
32-35, 37-40, 42, 44-46, 48-51, 53-55' 
59, 65, 120, 150. 
Madagascar, boat models, 163. 
Madison, James, (President), 53, 101, 133 
Madras, surf boat, model, 163. 
Magoun, David, 15, 138. 

Thatcher, 17, 19, 33, 37, 41, 46, 144. 
Magnetism, instrument to detect, 94. 
Makah Indians, boat model, 161. 
Malay, boat models, 164. 
Mallini, Gustavo A., 65, 150. 
Manahiki Island, boat model, 164. 
Mandarin, Chinese, 119. 
Mandarin's boat, model, 162. 
Mann, Ebenezer, 46, 138. 
Mansfield, Charles, 118. 
Marblehead vessels, 144, 170. 
Marine Room, established, 2. 
Marquesas, boat model, 165. 
Marshall Islands, boat model, 165. 
Mason, George C, 170. 
Massachusetts 8th regiment, National 

Guard, flags of, 120, 121, 122. 
Massachusetts 15th regiment, State 

Guard, flags of, 120, 121. 
Mazzinghi, Peter, 38, 43, 150. 
Medford, vessels built at, 144, 167, 170, 

173. 
Merchant vessels, lists, 170. 
Merrimac, ship-building on the, 142, 168. 
Metzer, J., 105, 157. 
Micmac Indians, boat model, 160. 
Miles, sea and land, 93. 
Miller, Captain, 42. 
E. F., 5, 31, 79, 81, 82, 139. 
Tobias, 139 
Millett, F. D., 73. 

Joseph Hardv, 5b, 76. 
Minot's Ledge light, lens, 131. 
Mistico, 59. 

Mitter, Radhakissen, 119. 
Mitter, Rajkissen, 101, 119. 
Mocha, painting, 66. 
Models, builders' half-hull, 77. 
builders' transverse, 77. 
construction, 76. 
ethnological 159. 
rigged, 69. 
Montardier, , 25, 150. 



179 



Mooney, Edward, 102, 157 
Mooy, Jan, 21, 150. 
Morison, Samuel E., 170. 
Morse, Albert P., 13. 

F. A., 28, 150. 

George F., 37, 58, 151. 

Henry W., 141. 

Prof. Edward S., 13, 101, 109, 156. 
Mugford, Charles D., 17. 

William, 53, 110, 166. 
Museum (E. I. M. Soc), founded, 1. 

Nanouti Island, boat model, 165. 
Nance, R. Morton, 130, 170. 
Naples, painting, 65. 
Nasserwanjee, 101, 110, 119. 
Naumkeag Trust Co., 171, 172. 
Nautical Instruments, 88, 171. 
Naval, battle, painting, 64. 

books, war of 1812, 166. 

records of Amer. Revolution, 171. 
Naval vessels, paintings, 64. 

vessels, U. S., 168, 170. 
Navv, U. S. steam, 166. 
Neaf, David A., 144. 

Nathan W., 100, 110, 156. 
Nelson, William H., 32. 
Newburyport Marine Soc, 171. 
New Zealand, boat model, 165. 
Nichols, John, Jr., 38. 

Jonathan, 55. 
Niue Island, boat model, 165. 
Nocturnal, 94. 

Non-magnetic instrument, 94. 
Nootka Indians, boat model, 161. 
Norton, Charles W., 48, 151. 

William E., 57, 151. 
Norwood, Carleton, 28. 

Octants, 94. 

Ojibwa Indians, boat model, 160. 

"Old Glory," 146. 

Orne, Josiah, 43, 44, 100, 110. 

William, 100, 110. 
Osgood, Charles, 100, 106, 107, 108, 115, 
158. 

Charles S. & Batchelder, Henry M., 
171. 

William, 23. 
Outrigger canoe, models, 162, 164, 165. 

double, models, 164, 165. 

Pacific Islands, boat models, 164. 
Packard & Burgess, 83. 
Page, Jeremiah, 5. 

Samuel, 131. 
Paine, Ralph D., 28. 
Painters of portraits, 156. 
Painters of ship pictures, 147. 



Paintings of vessels, 15. 
Palmas, cape, boat model, 159. 
Para, painting, 66. 

river, boat model, 162. 
Parker, Edgar, 100. 

memorial gifts, 132. 

W. P., 17, 151. 
Peabody, Alfred, 55. 

Brackley R., 19, 110. 

Francis, 110. 

George, 101, 111, 158. 

Joseph, 5, 12, 30, 100, 138, 158. 

Museum, Trustees, 2. 

Robert E., 171. 
Pelligrini, Hre\, 46, 47, 49, 151. 
Pembroke, ship-building at, 167. 
Penobscot Indians, boat model, 160. 
Pepper, scales and weights, 96. 
Philippine Islands, boat model, 165. 
Phillips, John, 16. 
Phippen, Jon., 49, 151. 
Phipps, John Adams, 111. 
Photographs, 126. 
Perkins, Thomas, 96. 
Perley, Nathaniel, 143. 
Perry, William, 17. 
Petersen, Jacob, 44, 151. 
Pickering, Col. Timothy, 1. 
Pickman, Dudley L., 100, 111, 118, 157. 
Pickman, Silsbee & Allen, 27, 40, 145. 
Pick-wicks, 131. 
Pinel, Philip P., 97. 
Pingree, David, 142. 

T. P. & Co., 38. 
Pinkie, 70, 72. 
Pinque, 59. 

Pirate, Malay, boat model, 164. 
Pitchers, 45. 

Planisphere, Japanese, 94. 
Pocock, Nicholas, 58, 151. 
Point Barrow, kaiak, 159. 
Point de Galle, boat models, 162. 
Polacre, 59. 

Poland, Archer B., 142. 
Polli, Felice, 17, 45, 152. 
Porno Indians, boat model, 161. 
Pook, Samuel A., 80. 
Portoferrajo, painting, 65, 150. 
Portraits, 100. 
Ports, paintings, 65. 
Potter, John, 111. 
Pratt, Henry C, 111, 158. 

Joseph, 32, 111, 158. 
Preble, George H., 171. 
Preston, Joseph, 112. 
Prince, John, 171. 

Rev. Dr., 98. 
Prints, drawings, etc., 126. 
Prisoners of War, English, 61. 



180 



Privateer, 9, 27, 35, 102, 103, 108, 110, 

115, 116, 167, 170. 
Protractor, 94. 

Providence ship-masters, 172. 
Pump, implement for setting ships', 92. 
Punch-bowls, 31, 61, 133. 
Putnam, Allen, 100, 158. 

George G., 172. 

Hiram, 21. 

ship-builder, 37. 

Quadrants, 94. 

Davis, 95. 

Hadley, 95. 

Jackass, 95. 
Quallah Battoo, 29, 62. 
Quinby, Frederick, 115, 158. 
Quincy, Hon. Josiah, 1. 

Raft, bambu fishing, 163. 

rush, 161, 162. 
Raleigh, C. S., 24, 152. 
Rantoul, Robert S., 171. 
Rattles, battle, 132. 
Raynes, George, 19, 55, 78. 
Read, Benjamin, 40. 
Reade, Gen. (Col.) Philip, 122. 
Reed, John, 20. 
Reith, John, 112, 
Relics: Beadle, Charles, 132. 

Bowditch, Nathaniel, 132. 

Cleopatra's Barge, 22, 132. 

Parker, 132. 

Richardson, 132. 
Ressman, Francisco, 38, 152. 
Revnolds, J. N., 172. 

Stephen, 112, 158. 
Rhoades, Charles, 118. 
Rhuee, Thomas, 113. 
Richardson, Addison, 20, 89, 97, 112, 126, 
131. 

Edward, 21, 132. 

Isaac, 112. 

Kate S., Mrs., 21, 132. 

William, 21. 
Ridgeway, J. & W., bowl, 133. 
Rigs, how to distinguish, 172. 
Robertson, John M., 39. 
Robinson, Andrew, 143. 

James, 118. 

John, 13, 101, 112, 156. 
Rodgers, of Medford, 48. 
Rogers, Augustus D., 32, 52, 152. 

John W., 112, 156. 

Nathaniel L., 100, 113. 

Richard S., 100, 113, 157. 

Willian C, 11. 
Ropes, Andrew M., 46, 113, 152. 



Ropes, Edward D., 122. 

George, 4, 16, 25, 26, 30, 43, 44, 50, 52, 
61, 64, 65, 152. 
Ropes and cables, 129. 
Roux, Anton, 19, 25, 27, 32, 37, 42, 51, 
53, 58, 59, 152. 

Anton, Jr., 22, 30, 46, 153. 

Francois, 44, 153. 

Frederic, 20, 21, 153. 

Joseph, fils aine, 96. 

Joseph-Ange-Antoine, 96, 152. 
Rowley, history of, 169. 

vessels built at, 143. 
Rowell, William, 141. 
Rudder magazine, 172. 
Ruk Island, boat model, 164. 
Rulers, parallel, 96. 
Russell & Co., 37. 

Benjamin, 41, 153. 

Edward J., 60, 153. 

Thomas, 70. 

Sacalero, 59. 

Safford, Joshua, 113. 

Said bin Sultan, Seyyid, 101, 113, 114. 

Sail-plans, 127. 

St. Memin, Charles B. J. F. de, 100, 105, 

158. 
Salem, Cadets, flags of, 120, 121. 

East India Marine Society, 1, 172. 

Gazette, 172. 

Guide to, 173. 

harbor, 65. 

Light Infantry, flags of, 120, 121. 

Marine Society, 172. 

Observer, 172. 

Old-time Ships of, 172. 

Register, 172. 

ship-building at, 170. 

ship-masters, 173. 

sketch of, 171. 
Salmon, Robert, 5, 37, 53, 56, 154. 
Samoan Islands, boat model, 165. 
Sampan, Chinese, model, 163. 
Sand-glass, 92. 
Saul, J. Warren, 92. 

Thomas, 114. 
Saunders, Dr. Levi, 36, 71. 

Jonathan P., 118. 
Scale beams, 96. 
Scale, Gunter's, 90. 
Schell, A. Bertram, 111, 158. 
Schiller, B. C, 107, 158. 
Schooner, fishing, 168. 

models, 73, 74. 

origin of name, 143. 

topsail, 8, 18, 19, 26, 34, 46, 50, 54, 57, 
148. 
Scituate, ship-building at, 167. 



Scobie, John J., 21, 43, 47, 114. 
Scrimshaw work, 131. 
Sea-chests, 126. 
Sea-journals, 125. 
Sea-songs and shanties, 173. 
Sea terms, dictionary of, 166. 
Sears, John Henry, 101, 114, 156. 
Seller, John, 173. 
Seminole Indians, dugout, 160. 
Sextant, 97, 167. 

pocket, 97. 
Shanties, sea songs and, 173. 
Shepard, Michael, 114. 
Ship-building: 

Boston, 144, 145. 

Cohasset, 146. 

Chelsea, 144, 145. 

Danvers, 144. 

Essex, 142, 167, 171. 

Gloucester, 143. 

Lynn, 144. 

Marblehead, 144. 

Medford, 144, 167, 170, 173. 

On the Merrimac, 142, 168. 

Pembroke, 167. 

Rowley, 143. 

Salem, 3, 5, 137-141, 170. 

Scituate, 167. 
Ship models, builders, 76. 

Dartmoor prison, 74. 

glass, 74, 75. 

half-hull, 76. 

hull, 76. 

Mill prison, 74. 

rigged, 69. 
Ship Register, Salem, 173. 
Shipping, American and foreign, 172. 
Ships, books on, 167. 

Boston, 173. 

dimensions of, 6. 

early pictures of, 4. 

largest in Salem, 5. 

made into wharf and hotel, 47, 48. 

old-time Salem, 172. 

speed of, 10. 
Shirley, John, 43. 
Siam, boat models, 165. 
Signal flags, private, 120. 
Silhouettes, 117. 
Silsbee, Edward A., 98. 

George S., 83. 

Nathaniel, 95, 100, 114, 128, 157. 
Silver, James, 37. 
Simmons, Thomas, 32. 
Singapore, boat model, 164. 
Skeet, 130. 

Skinner, Herbert M. C, 8, 79, 80, 81. 
Slates, 98. 
Slocum, W. J., 75. 



Sloop, (1790), 57. 
Smith, , 31. 

Augustus A., 77. 

C, 39. 

Samuel, 114. 

W. H., 40, 64, 154. 
Smith & Townsend. 83. 
Snell, Nicholas T., 97. 
Snow, 9. 

Somes, Thaddeus, 141. 
Sounding iron, 89. 
Southward, George, 40, 106, lo8. 
Souvenirs of ships, 127. 
Speaking-trumpets, 131. 
Sprague & James, 144. 
Spy glass, 98. 
Stagg, Richard, 110. 
Staffordshire ware, 133. 
Stanley, J. M., 112, 158. 
Star Spangled Banner, pieces of original, 

121. 
Starbuck, Alexander, 173. 
State Street Trust Co., 173. 
Statuary, 118. 
Steers, George, 77. 
Stone, BenjaminW., & Brothers, 34. 

Edmund, 5, 154. 
Stone, Silsbee & Pickman, 18, 19, 24, 30, 

48, 79, 145. 
Stone sloop, 86. 
Story, Albert, 82, 142. 

Andrew, 142. 

Arthur D., 142. 

Ira, 78, 81, 84, 86, 144. 

Job, 85. 

William, 70, 144. 

U. S. Justice, 1. 
Streeter, Gilbert, 173. 
Stuart, Capt., 28. 

Gilbert, 108. 
Stubbs, W. P., 31, 40, 49, 51, 154. 
Sumatra, boat model, 164. 
Sunda, straights of, 66. 
Sunqua, 22, 41, 154. 
Surinam, boat model, 161. 
Swifts, bone, 131. 
Swords, dress and naval, 128. 

Tarr & James, 142. 
Taylor, E. A., 24. 

John, 23, 27, 38, 40, 49, 50, 79, 83, 84, 
85, 88, 127, 145, 173. 

Justin, 83, 127, 141, 145. 
Teague, Thomas, 141. 
Telescope, Ponchon's, 98. 
Tierra del Fuego, boat model, 162. 
Tiger's Mouth, China, paintings, 67. 
Titicaca, lake, boat model, 162. 
Tlingit Indians, boat model, 161. 



182 



Tonnage, explanation of, 3. 
Tools, Caulkers', 129. 

coopers', 129. 

gaugers'. 90. 

riggers', 129. 

ship-builders', 129. 
Torrey, Charles, 20, 26, 27, 40, 43. 44. 49, 

51, 114, 155. 
Townsend, Penn., 114. 

T. P. , 154. 

Trabacolo, 59. 
Transit, Bliss' Solar, 99. 
Travancore, boat model, 163. 
Trow, Charles E., 173. 
True, Joseph, 119, 158. 
Trumbull, Edward B., 42. 
Tsimshian Indians, boat model, 161. 
Turner, Caleb, 43. 

Christopher, 84, 138. 

Ross S., 18, 24, 29, 30, 46, 60, 155. 
Tuttle, H., 36. 

Upton, Captain, 61. 

Charles, 115. 

John, 52. 

Paul, 6. 

Robert, 139. 
United States 23d regiment, flags of, 120, 
122. 

Vanderford, Benjamin, 118. 
Venezuela, boat model, 161. 
Vernet, Joseph, 153. 
Vervoort, Michael, 112. 
Very, Jones, 17. 
Vespucci, Amerigo, 115. 
Vessels: 

Abaellino, herm. brig, 15. 

Abbot Lawrence, ship, 15. 

Abbott Baldwin, sch., 83. 

Active, brig, 16. 

Advance, (Dr. Kane's). 142. 

Aerial, brigantine, 15. 

Agnes Gleason, sch., 78. 

Alabama, sch., 69. 

Albert, bark, 141. 

Alfred, ship, 15, 138, 147. 

Alcyone, bark, 77. 

Alert, yacht, 77. 

Alexander, ship, lOo. 

Alice, sch., 77, 140. 

Alice Mandell, ship, 77. 

Alice Wood, sch., 77. 

Alliance, U. S. S., (1778), 143. 

Almira T. Roland, sch., 77. 

Amazon, brig, 77, 138. 

America (2d), ship, 106. 

America (3d), ship, 5. 16, 148. 



Vessels — Continued 

America (4th), ship, 6, 10, 16, 65, 69, 

137, 150, 152. 153, 168. 
America, yacht, 77. 
Andrew Jackson, ship, 12. 
Ann Maria, ship, 16, 142. 
Appomattox, sch., 78. 
Arabia, bark, 8o. 
Arabia, ship, 16, 17, 149. 
Arxomodes, sch., 17. 
Arbella, ship, 17. 
Arealus, ship, 17. 
Arelhusa, H. B. M., 58. 
Argentine, bark, 139. 
Arizona, steamship, 11. 
Astrea, ship, 96. 
Atlantic, ship, 107. 
Amelia, bark, 17, lo2. 
Aurora, ship, 78, 145. 
Aurora, sloop vacht, 17, 151. 
Australia, ship, 6, 18, 78. 
Autocrat, 145. 
Azalea, sch. yacht., 69. 
Baltick, sch. ,"4, 8, 18, 69, 102, 153, 155. 
Bazaar, ship, 153. 

Belisarius, ship, 6, 12, 18, 106, 148, 150. 
Benjamin F. Phi/lips, sch., 69, 142. 
Benjamin Howard, ship. 18. 
Bertha, bark, 78. 
Belly, sloop yacht, 137, 141. 
Black Hawk, ship, 78. 
Black Prince, ship, 116. 
Black Warrior, ship, 103. 
Blessing-of-the-Bay, 137. 
Blonde, ship, 5, 16. 
Bonanza, sch., 78. 
Bonel/a, ship, 18. 
Borneo, ship, 19, 110, 139. 
Boston, U. S. frigate, 60. 
Boyd and Leeds, sch., 78. 
Bridgewaier, ship, 6. 
Brenda, sch., 19. 67. 
Brookline, ship, 19, 144. 
Brooklyn, U. S. S., 132. 
Brutus, ship, 19, 52, 54, 62, 104. 
Buck, brig, 19. 
Cadet, sch., 69. 
Caesar, U. S. S., 62. 
Cadmus, ship, 19, 153. 
Cambrian, brig, 20, 150, 153. 
Camel, brig, 20, 69, 155. 
Canada, S. S., 69. 
Caroline Augusta, ship, 96, 131. 
Carthage, ship, 6, 20. 148, 150. 
Catherine, bark, 20. 
Catherine, ship, 138. 
Centurion, brig, 20. 
Chalcedony, bark, 20, 155. 
Charlemagne, ship. 20, 89, 112, 126. 153. 



183 



Vessels — Continued 

Charles Doggett, brig, 146. 

Charles W. Parker, sch., 140. 

Charlotte, ship, 21. 

Chesapeake, U. S. frigate, 60, 106, 153, 

155. 
Child of the Regiment, ship, 78. 
China, ship, 6, 21, 138, 149. 
Chinchilla, ship, 131. 
City of Berlin, S. S., 30. 
Clarissa, ship, 21, 108, 150. 
Claudius, ship, 21. 
Cleopatra's Barge, herm. brig., yacht, 7, 

10, 18, 22, 65, 106, 115, 122, 129, 

138, 155, 168. 
Clilheroe, yacht, 141. 
Charles Phillips, bark, 83. 
Coeur de Lion, ship, 78. 
Colin E. McNeil, bark, 78. 
Columbia, ship, 28, 98. 
Columbia, yacht, 10. 
Commonwealth, sch., 78. 
Confidence, bark, 78. 
Congress, ship, 22. 
Congress, U. S. S., 128. 
Constellation, U. S. Frigate, 61, 133. 
Constellation, yacht, 10. 
Constitution, U. S. frigate, 61, 70, 79, 

125, 130, 131, 140, 152, 169. 
Corwin, U. S. rev. cut., 58, 151. 
Coromandel, brig, 22. 
Country's Wonder, 143. 
Crest, yacht, 141. 
Cultivator, ship, 6. 
Cumberland, S. S., 81. 
Cygnet, brig, 22, 153. 
Cynthia, bark, 22, 154. 
D. Chapin, bark, 79. 

D. A. Brayton, barkentine, 79. 
Daniel I. Tenny, ship, 143. 
Daniel Webster, ship, 34. 
Dash, boat, 79, 84. 

David B. Newcomb, sch., 79. 
Delight, bark, 79. 
Delphos, ship, 79. 
Derby, ship, 23, 79, 85, 145. 
Dewey, dry dock, 62, 129, 147. 
Dictator, sch., 79. 
Diomede, herm. brig, 23. 
Discovery, sch., 70. 
Dorothy, sch., 78. 
Dorothy (2d), sch., 78. 
Dragon, bark, 23, 122, 123. 
Drednought, ship, 11, 143, 167. 
Duchesse, d'Orleans, ship, 112. 

E. L. Spirling, sch., 78. 
Eagle, pinkie, 70. 
East Boston, str., 144. 
Eben Preble, ship, 23. 



Vessels — Conlinuea 

Edward Koppisch, bark, 23, 107, 115. 

Eliza, bark, 24, 103, 155. 

Eliza, brig, 30. 

Eliza, ketch, 79. 

Eliza, ship, 23. 

Eliza, ship, of N. Y., 28. 

Eliza Adams, ship, 24, 152. 

Eliza Ann, ship, 24. 

Eliza Burgess, brig, 146. 

Elizabeth, herm. brig, 24. 

Elizabeth, ship, 12, 24, 131. 

Ellen Munro, 145. 

Emerald, ship, 6, 25, 104, 107, 155. 

Emerald, ship, of Boston, 10. 

Emigrant, ship, 25, 52. 

Empress-of-the-Seas, ship, 25, 147. 

Endeavour, ship, 128. 

Enterprise, sch., 138. 

Equator, ship, 108. 

Erin, ship, 25, 150. 

Erie S. S. 143. 

Essex, frigate, 5, 7, 25, 62, 79, 98, 129, 

131, 138, 149, 152, 171, 173. 
Esther, sloop yacht, 70, 79. 
Ella Mildred, sch., 78. 
Eunice, brig, 25, 115, 153. 
Europa, bark, 6, 79. 
Etiropa, ship, 139. 
Excelsior, sch., 26. 
Exchange, ship, 110. 
Exeter, H. B. M., 58. 
Experiment, brigantine, 8, 26, 147. 
Fame, sch., 26, 155. 
Fame, ship, 26, 65, 152. 
Fanny, ship, 27, 148, 155. 
Favorite, ship, 125. 
Fearless, ship, 80. 
Flora, brig, 30. 
Flora J. Sears, sch., 78. 
Florence Howard, sch., 80. 
Florida, C. S. A., 92. 
Florodora, sloop, 80. 
Flying Cloud, ship, 11, 12, 80. 
Flying Fish, sch., 80. 
Formosa, ship, 27, 91, 92, 96, 145. 
Forrester, ship, 80. 
Francis, ship, 6, 27, 138, 153. 
Frank, sch., 80. 
Frank G. Rich., sch., 80. 
Franklin, ship, 27. 
Frederick Billings, bark, 28, 150. 
Fredonia, sch., 108. 
Fredonia, ship, 28. 
Friendship (1st), ship, 4, 6, 29, 70, 114, 

155. 
Friendship (2d), ship, 29, 62. 
Frolic, privateer, 115. 
Garland, herm, brig, 29. 



Vessels — Continued 
Garnet, 145. 
Gazelle, brig, 29. 
Gemsbock, bark, 81. 
Gen. Lincoln, privateer, 105. 
Gen. Meade, U. S. S., 30. 
Gen. Stark, sch., 138. 
Genevieve Loretto, sch., 80. 
George, sch., 30, 149. 
George, ship, 5, 10, 30, 90, 154. 
George Washington, 145. 
Gjoa, Amundsen's ship, 128. 
Glacier, U. S. S., 62. 
Gladys and Sabia, sch., 78. 
Glide, bark, 5, 31, 81, 154. 
Glide, ship, 6, 30, 138, 152, 153. 
Golconda, bark, 81. 
Golden West, ship, 31, 81, 154. 
Gov. Endicolt, ship, brig, bark, 31, 112, 

138. 
Grand Turk, brig, privateer, 7, 32, 153. 
Grand Turk (1st), ship, 4, 31, 111. 
Grand Turk (2d), ship, 5, 6, 32, 138. 
Great Eastern, S. S., 70. 
Grolius, ship, ship, 32, 152. 
Guide, bark. 5, 81. 
Guerriere, H. B. M., 128, 131. 
Guerriere, U. S. S., 98. 
H. H. Cole, sch., 8, 34, 148. 
Hall, ship, 31. 
Hamilton, bark, 32, 148. 
Hamilton, brig, 32. 
Hancock, bark, 81. 
//orO' Bluff, sch., 81, 140. 
/ferry Knowllon, sch., 81. 
#<zreey 5z>cA, ship, 32, 64, 149. 
Hazard, ship, 33, 148. 
Hector, privateer, 105. 
Henry, brig, 106. 
Henry Dennis, sch., 141. 
Henry Tuke, ship, 33, 144. 
Herald, ship, 10. 
Herald, brig, 33. 
Herbert Fuller, barkentine, 71. 
Hercules, ship, 33, 96, 154. 
Highlander, ship, 6, 34. 
Horace, ship, 34. 
Howard, ship, 34. 
Hygieia, ship, 34. 
Iceberg, 145. 
7<fo/;o, sch., 81. 
/tf/er, yacht, 141. 
/ndws, brig, 34, 107. 
Insurgente, Fr. frigate, 61, 133. 
Iolanthe, sch., 81. 
Ion, ship, 122. 
/owj'c, bark, 71. 
Iris, ship, 34. 
J. S. Lamprey, sch., 141. 



Vessels — Continued 
James, sch., 76. 
James B. Eaton, sch., 141. 
James Baines, ship, 11. 
Janus, ship, 104. 
/cfc, H. B. M., 61, 152. 
Java, ship, 113. 
Jefferson, yacht, 138. 
Jersey, bark, 5. 

/o/fw, ketch, ship, 35, 105, 148. 
John Bertram, ship, 6, 11, 35, 109, 155. 
John Drew, sch., 81. 
John H. Millay, bark, 35. 
John Tucker, ship, 35. 
Joseph Peabody, brig, 35. 
Josiah Bradlee, ship, 35. 
Julian, ship, 36, 47. 
Julius, ship, 36, 48, 148. 
Junius, ship, 116. 
Juno, ship, 107. 
Jupiter, H. B. M., 58. 
Kearsarge, U. S. S., 122. 
Kingfisher, bark, 81. 
Lorfy Sarah, herm. brig, 36. 
Z.<z</;y Washington, sloop, 28. 
Z-ff Grange, bark, 36, 71. 
Lalla Rookh, slaver, 39. 
Lanlao, ship, 36. 
ic Ptoc, bark, 82, 140. 
Larchmonl, str., 81. 
Laura, brig, 36, 113. 
Leander, brig, 37, 139, 147. 
ie«a M., Block Island boat, 71. 
Leliiia, sch., 81, 140. 
Lewis, bark, 146. 
Z.ez<;z's Osborne, steam tug, 82. 
Levant, ship, 37, 41. 
L/gW #orse, ship, 4, 154. 
Lightning, ship, 11. 
Lwz/e A. Roby, sch., 82, 140. 
Liverpool, ship, 37. 
Lloyd, ship, 151. 
Lombard, ship, 27, 58, 151. 
London, ship, 144. 
Zo/os, ship, 37. 
Zo«!'e S. Moulton, sch., 82. 
Louisa, ship, yacht, 37, 59, 153. 
Lubra, herm. brig, 37. 
Lucia, sch., 82. 
M. Shepard, brig, 82, 139. 
Macedonian, H. B. M. frigate, 63. 
Macedonian, privateer, 115. 
McGilvery, bark, 38. 
Madagascar, ship, 110. 
Maid of Orleans, bark, 38. 
Maine, U. S. S., 132. 
Malabar, ship, 110. 
Mo/a;y, brig, bark, 12, 38, 110, 150. 
Malay, ship, 38, 145. 



185 



Vessels — Continued 

Margaret, ship, 4, 6, 28, 38, 138, 148, 

152, 155. 
Maria Theresa, sch., 82. 
Mars, brig, 39. 
Martha, brigantine, 115. 
Mary, ship, 39. 
Mary Edith, sch., 78. 
Mary Felker, sch., 39, 71. 
Mary Gleason, sch., 78. 
Mary H. Greer, sch., 78. 
Mary P. Mosquita, sch., 78. 
Mary Pauline, brig, 39. 
Mary and Ellen, brig, 107. 
Marquis de Somerulas, ship, 114. 
Massachusetts, ship, 28, 105. 
Maitapan, ship, 82. 
Mattie Brundage, sch., 78. 
Mattie W. Alwood, sch., 82. 
Matty Taylor, 82. 
Mayflower, yacht, 10. 
Megunticook, bark, 82. 
Merrimac, U. S. S., (1789), 143. 
Merrimac (Virginia), C. S. A., 128. 
Mermaid, brig, 39. 
Metamora, brig, 39. 
Metis, bark, 40, 154. 
Mexican, brig, 40, 82, 107, 138. 
Milo, ship, 37, 41. 
Mindora, sch., 82. 
Mindoro, ship, 4, 6, 7, 40, 75, 89, 90, 91, 

96, 127, 145, 151, 154, 155. 
Minerva, Br. ship, 151. 
Minnesota, bark, 41, 153. 
Missionary Packet, sch., 139, 169. 
Monarch, H. B. M., 64, 147. 
Monitor, U. S. S., 128. 
Monk, ship, 41, 147. 
Monlauk, ship, 41, 154. 
Montgomery, privateer, 105. 
Mount Vernon, ship, 4, 6, 41, 65, 138, 

148. 
Mullah, ship, 42. 
Naiad, brig, 42, 153. 
Nancy, ship, 42, 148. 
Nashville, C. S. A., 32, 64, 149. 
Natchez, bark, 42, 155. 
Naumkeag, steam tug, 56, 148. 
Navigator, ship, 42, 155. 
Nellie G., yacht, 125. 
Nellie Rich, sch., 83. 
Neponsel, ship, 43. 
Neptune, ship, 83, 84. 
Neptune's Car, yacht, 83. 
Nereus, brig, of Boston, 43, 150. 
Nereus, brig, of Salem, 43. 
New England, ship, 43, 149. 
New Hazard, brig, 43, 155. 
New Hope, H. B. M., 58. 



Vessels — Continued 
New Jersey, ship, 5. 
Niagara, U. S. S., 128. 
Nineveh, barkentine, 83. 
Northumberland, herm. brig, 43. 
Ocean Eagle, sch., 76. 
Ocean Express, ship, 135. 
Ohio, herm. brig, 43. 
Ohio, U. S. S., 62, 71. 
Olinda, brig, 7, 44, 153. 
Olive Branch, sch., 115. 
Oliver Cromwell, ship, 116. 
Omcto, U. S. S., 132. 
Ontario, steamship, 43. 
Ontario, U. S. S., 62, 147. 
Packet, ship, 44, 155. 
Paladin, ship, 44. 
Pallas, bark, 44. 
Pamelia, brig, 44, 149. 
Panay, ship, 6, 7, 83, 127, 145. 
Panther, steam tug, 36, 48. 
Paris, ship, 144. 
Partridge, ship, 30. 
Patriot, bark, 44, 151. 
Patsev B. Blount, brigantine, 44. 
Paulina, H. M. brig, 15. 
Paul Revere, ship, 83. 
Pearl Nelson, sch., 83. 
Peggy, brig, 45. 
Pericles, 145. 

Perseverance, ship, 45, 116. 
Persia, brig, 45, 83. 
Petrel, yacht, 71. 
P/;i7?>, brig, 30. 
Phoenix, brig, 45. 
Planet, sch., 45. 
Ptoo, sch., 46. 
Pomona, H. B. M., 33. 
Pontiac, yacht, 83. 
Potomac, U. S. S., 29, 62, 172. 
Prairie Floiver, sch., 140. 
Princess Elizabeth, H. B. M. Packet, 16. 
Progress, bark, 83, 88, 89, 96, 98, 124, 

128. 
Propontis, ship, 46, 151. 
Prudent, ship, 4, 6, 46, 138, 155. 
Putnam, ship, 103. 
Pvthian, sch., 78. 
Quebec, H. B. M., 64. 
Quero, sch., 10. 
R. C. Winthrop, ship, 122. 
Racehorse, ship, 153. 
Raduga, ship, 46, 113, 152. 
Rambler, brig, 115. 
Rambler, sloop yacht, 17. 
Reaper, brig, bark, 12, 46, 47, 103, 153. 
Rebecca, sch., 71. 
Recovery, ship, 4, 46, 155. 
Richard, bark, 36. 47, 151. 



1 86 



Vessels — Continued 

Rienza, sloop, 84. 

Rising Stales, brig, 72. 

Risk, sch., 84. 

Robert, bark, 84. 

Robert Pulsford, ship, 42, 47, 155 

tfotfa, brig, 47, 149. 

Rome, ship, 6, 47, 151. 

Romp, brig, 84, 109. 

Roosevelt, Arctic ship, 132. 

Roque, brig, 48. 

Rosalie, sch., 84. 

.ffofler, ship, 102. 

Russell, brig, 48. 

So/rf 6/w Sultan, bark, 115. 

S/. CtoiV, ship, 48, 84. 

St. Paul, ship, 48, 50. 

Salem, U. S. S., 62, 122, 125, 129. 

So/7y, ship, 48. 

Samuel R. Crane, sch. 84. 

Sapphire, ship, 12, 48. 

Scion, brig, 122. 

Screamer, bark, 84. 

Sec Fox, bark, 72. 

Sea-Horse, brig, 30. 

Sec Witch, ship, 72. 

Senator Lodge, sch., 84. 

Se/7; Stockbridge, sch., 84. 

Shannon, H. B. M., frigate, 60, 153, 155. 

Shawmut, ship, 84. 

Shirley, ship, 7, 36, 48, 148. 

S/owz, ship, 49. 

Sir John Franklin, ship, 153. 

Skobeleff, barkentine, 49. 

Solomon Piper, bark, 125. 

Somerset, H. B. M., 128. 

Sooloo (1st), ship, 49, 139, 145, 149, 

151. 
Sooloo (2d), ship, 49, 145. 
Sophronia, bark, 49. 
South Carolina, ship, 49, 63, 151. 
Sparroivhaivk, (1626), 72, 173 
Spy, sch., 40, 115. 
Star, bark, 50, 109. 
Star, ship, 50. 
Statesman, bark, 12, 48, 50 
Stella, sloop, 79, 84. 
Sfffoy, brigantine, 8, 150, 152. 
Sultana, 85. 
Sultanee, ship, 102. 
Sumatra, ship. 23, 50, 85, 139. 
Sunshine, yacht, 141. 
Surprise, sch., privateer, 50, 110. 
Surveillanle, French, 64. 
Susan, ship, 131. 
Susan Drew, ship, 5, 50, 155. 
Sylvia W. Swasey, bark, 51. 
Syren, ship, 85, 98, 145. 
Take-il-Easy, yacht, 87. 



Vessels — Continued 

Tamaahmaah, ship, 131. 

Taria Topan, bark, 5, 51, 140, 154. 

Tartar, ship, 51. 

Telemachus, ship, 107. 

Theresa Baker, sch., 85. 

Thetis, herm. brig, 51. 

Thomas Brundage, sch., 78. 

Thomas J. Carroll, sch., 78. 

Thomas Perkins, ship, 5, 51. 

77;ree Friends, 111. 

77d<?/ TFare, bark, 51, 155. 

Tiger, pinkie, 72. 

Tioga, yacht, 141. 

Topaz, brig, 51, 153. 

Trajlon, sch.. 80. 

Trent, ship, 52. 

Triumphant, ship, 52, 152. 

Troubadour, ship, 25, 52. 

Truman, bark, 85. 

7>o Brothers, ship, 52, 152. 

7>oee, ship, 52. 152. 

Ulysses, (1st), ship, 19, 52, 54, 107, 
148, 150. 

Ulysses (2d), ship, 53, 110, 153. 

Union, ship, 53. 

United States, ship, 53, 154. 

United States, U. S. frigate, 63. 

Velocity, brig, 103. 

Vidette, str., 142. 

Vigilant, yacht, 10. 

Vincennes, U. S. S.. 63. 

Vintage, brig, 53, 148. 

Fz'o/o, whaling sch., 142. 

F/zcavo;, Spanish ship, 128. 

Volusia, ship, 19, 52, 53, 150. 

Water Witch, sch., 54. 

Waverly, brig, 54. 

Welaka, sch., 54. 

Whim, sch., 115. 

W7zz7e Swallow, ship, 54, 148. 

Wz'W Goose, brig, 112. 

William, ship, 54. 

William. H. Thorndyke, sch., 85. 

William Schroder, bark, 54. 

JF;7c/;, bark, 54, 139. 

Witch-of-the-Wave, ship, 6, 7, 55, 89, 

122, 123, 131. 
Witchcraft, ship, 6, 11, 145. 
Zaine, herm. brig, 55. 
.Zofofi'', bark, 55, 173. 
Vessels, earliest built, 137. 
largest, 139, 143. 
lists of merchant, 170. 
paintings and models, 60. 
Vittaluga, A., 22, 45, 155. 

Wales, George C, 50, 155. 
Wallis, Mrs. M. D., 55, 173. 



187 



Walrus tusks, 131. 
Ward, Andrew, 115. 

Samuel C, 115. 

William, 4, 26, 29, 45, 47, 155. 

William R. L., 115. 
Watch, 99. 

Water testing (water-bottle), 99. 
Waters, Joseph Linton, 27. 

Richard P., 113. 
Webb, Captain, 16. 

Thomas, 61, 141. 

W. H., 41. 
Weld, Dr. Charles G., 115, 158. 
West, Captain, 118. 

Benjamin A., 123. 

Benjamin F., 20, 23, 24, 29, 37, 42, 50, 
54, 155. 

Edward, 33. 

Nathaniel, 100, 116, 118, 138. 
Weston, Edward S., 17. 

Nathaniel, 123, 128. 
Weytz, P., 42, 47, 155. 
Whale boat, 75. 

Whaling, 24, 33, 41, 83, 86, 92, 124, 144, 
170, 171, 173. 

collection, 124. 

from Lynn, 12. 

from Salem, 12. 

pictures, 171. 

vessels, 72, 75, 142, 173. 



Whales' teeth, 131. 
Whall, W. B., 31, 173. 
Whampoa, paintings, 67. 
Wharf, Crowninshield's, 26, 65. 

Derby, 65. 
Wheatland, Richard, 13, 45, 116. 
Wheelright, 48. 
Whipple, Henry, 17. 
White, F. A., 84. 

George M., 25,39, 116, 155. 
Whittredge, Captain, 97. 

Henry T., 116. 
Wilkes, Com. Charles, 63, 118, 173. 
Williams, Captain, 118. 

Aaron, 20. 

Charles F., 43. 

John, 128. 
Willoby, Captain, 118. 
Winn, Francis A., 116. 

Xebec, see Chebec. 

Yahgan Indians, boat model, 162. 
Yamasaki, Prof. H., 28. 
Yamqua, 119, 157. 
Yawl, 9. 
Young, Job, 77. 

Zanzibar, 66, 1 13.