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Full text of "Marshal Foch Day, November 4, 1921 : official record of the celebration given in honor of Marshal Ferdinand L. Foch, Indianapolis, November 4, 1921"

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Indiana Historical Collections 

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Copyright, 192-2 

By 

The Indiana Historical Commission 



INDIANAPOLIS 

WM. P. BURFORD. PRINTER 

1922 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

NOVEMBER 4, 1921 
"Le jour de gloire est arrive" 



OFFICIAL RECORD 



OF THE 



Celebration Given in Honor of 



Marshal Ferdinand L. Foch 



Indianapolis, November 4, 1921 



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Published by the 

INDIANA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

Indianapolis 

1922 



(f|S 




INDIANA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

Dr. Frank B. Wynn, Presidt nt 
Samuel M. Foster, Vice-President 
Harlow Lindley, Sec return 

Gov. Warren T. McCray 
James A. Woodburn 

Charles W. Moores 

Matthew J. Walsh 

Mrs. John N. Carey 

Lew M. O'Bannon 

John W. Oliver, Ph.D., Director 
Lucy M. Elliott, Assistant Director 



. • . , 

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• - . ■ • 



• 



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i4) 



ANNOUNCEMENT 

"Marshal Foch Day, November 4, 1921," will long be 
remembered in Indiana history. It will take its place 
alongside the memorable Welcome Home Day of May 
7, 1919, when the state paid glorious tribute to her re- 
turning heroes of the World War. In years to come it 
will be regarded as one of the epochal events in our 
state's history, comparable only to the triumphal ova- 
tion accorded that other great Frenchman, General 
LaFayette, who in 1825 was officially welcomed by the 
citizens of Indiana. 

As the years go by, and as the children of later gen- 
erations study the history connected with America's 
participation in the World War, they will speak rev- 
erently of him who guided to victory the great armies 
of the allied nations of the world. No man since the 
dawn of history ever held under his command armies 
even approximating in numbers those directed by this 
military genius, Marshal Ferdinand L. Foch. His 
battle front extended from the Sea of Galilee to the 
North Sea. The combined fighting forces of fifteen 
allied nations were subject to his orders. In his hands 
rested the fate of more than 800,000,000 free people. 
His commands had only to be given to be obeyed. But 
none can ever say that this military leader misused or 
abused the power that was assigned him. The realiza- 
tion of the unlimited power that was his made him 
appear all the more careful in exercising it. This mil- 
itary leader, a brilliant soldier and a devoted patriot, 
possessed that bravery and moral courage which was 
equalled only by his modesty. As long as the history 
of free peoples is studied, and as long as the spirit of 
patriotism is kept alive, the name of Marshal Foch will 
be respected and honored. 

(5) 



6 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

During the summer of 1921 an invitation from the 
American Legion was extended to Marshal Foch, in- 
viting him to visit the United States of America. For 
the city of Indianapolis to have been selected as one of 
the points on Marshal Foch's itinerary to the United 
States, was indeed an honor that seldom comes to the 
people of our city and commonwealth. Believing that 
a complete record of the events that occurred on that 
historical day — November 4, 1921 — should be perma- 
nently preserved as a part of Indiana's history, this 
publication has been prepared. 

The Marshal Foch Day Committee which had charge 
of the program of November 1, 1921, suggested to Gov- 
ernor Warren T. McCray and the members of the In- 
diana Historical Commission the advisability of pre- 
paring an historical record setting forth a full report 
of the proceedings of that day. The Historical Com- 
mission assumed the responsibility of assembling the 
material and of preparing this official report. The 
Marshal Foch Day Committee kindly volunteered to 
provide the funds necessary for the printing and bind- 
ing of this little book. To Dr. Carleton B. McCulloch, 
Chairman of the Committee ; to ex-Governor Samuel M. 
Ralston, who originally suggested the historical value 
of issuing this publication, and to the other members 
of the Marshal Foch Day Committee, the people of 
Indiana are indebted for their conscientious efforts to 
make this day a landmark in our state's history. 

JOHN W. OLIVER, Director, 
Indiana Historical Commission. 

State House, Indianapolis, 
December 15, 1921. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

1. Announcement 5 

2. Ferdinand L. Foch: Biographical Sketch 10 

3. Official Invitations to Visit Indianapolis 15 

4. City and State Prepare to Receive Distinguished 

Guest 19 

5. Marshal Foch's Arrival in Indianapolis 35 

6. The Parade; Presentation of Laurel Wreath; 

"Living Red Cross"; Reviewing Stand 45 

7. Dedication of Corner Stone for The American 

Legion Building 77 

8. Banquet, Riley Room. Claypool Hotel 85 

9. Public Mass Meeting, Cadle Tabernacle 89 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Page 

1. Marshal Foch 9 

2. Arrival at Union Station (2 views) 36 

3. Marshal Foch at the Speedway (2 views) 41 

4. Planting Kim Tree, Country Club 44 

.">. Marshal Koch's Official Car Leading Parade 

(2 views) Mi 

6. Culver Black Horse Troop in Parade 52 

7. Marion ( Jounty Legion Military Band ~>s 

8. Marshal Foch and Aid, Standing at Foot of 

Monument 60 

9. Presenting Wreath to "Miss Indiana" (2 views). . 62 

10. Living Red ( Jross 66 

11. Reviewing Stand 72 

12. Marshal Foch, Governor McCray, and Hanford 

MacNider Reviewing Parade 71 

13. Dedication of Corner Stone for American Legion 

Building 7<"> 

14. Corner Stone American Legion Building 79 

15. Church Pillar from Cathedral in Pelican 82 

16. Banquet, Riley Room, Claypool Hotel 84 

17. Cadle Tabernacle, Mass Meeting ( .»2 

18. Gold Medallion Presented to Marshal Koch 

(2 views) 96 



(8) 






&*L&» 




(Courtesy of Medos Gravellc, Indianapolis, Official Photographer of Marshal Foch 

Party on Tour of the United States) 



FERDINAND L. FOCH 



• • 



'My left is giving way, my right is 

falling hack, consequently I am ordering 

a genera] offensive, a decisive attack by 

the center. „ . ,, 

Foch. 

It was this historical message that brought Ferdi- 
nand L. Foch to the attention of the warring- nations 
of the world in September, 1914. The writer of the 
message was at that time referred to either as a crim- 
inal braggart, or one of the greatest of generals, de- 
pending upon the success or the failure of the attack. 
If it failed, an entire nation would have demanded the 
life of the man who was so foolhardy as to send his 
command to certain death. If it succeeded, his mes- 
sage was destined to take its place in history along 
with other famous war orders, such as "Don't give up 
the ship" ; "England expects every man to do his 
duty"; and, "We have met the enemy and they are 
ours". The attack did not fail. The man who issued 
the message succeeded in that memorable battle of the 
Marne in September, 1914, in checking an invading 
enemy which was threatening the destruction of civ- 
ilization itself. 

A review of the biography of this world character re- 
veals qualities of true greatness. He was born Octo- 
ber 2, 1851, at Tarbes, a small city in the Pyrenees. 
He attended school at Rodez and Saint Etienne, and in 
1869 entered Saint Clement's Jesuit College in Metz, 
where a great number of the youth of France were 
specializing in Military Science. From an early age 
Foch was a devoted student of Napoleon, and before he 
was twelve years old had mastered Thier's "History of 
the Consulate and the Empire." 

(10) 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 11 

During the Franco-Prussian War he enlisted as a 
private in the Fourth Infantry Regiment, but did not 
see active service. Following the close of that war, so 
disastrous and humiliating to France, young Foch en- 
tered the Ecole Polytechnique at Fontainebleau. He 
was next transferred to the Ecole de Guerre, and ap- 
pointed Instructor in military history and strategy. 
While teaching in the Ecole de Guerre, he wrote two 
books, 'The Conduct of the War", and "Principles of 
War". In 1896 he attained the rank of Major, and by 
1901 held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1907 he 
was promoted to Brigadier-General and placed in com- 
mand of the artillery of the Fifth Corps at Orleans. 
Shortly thereafter he was assigned to the post as Com- 
mandant of the Ecole de Guerre. In 1911 he was 
placed in command of the Thirteenth Division at Chau- 
mont, and the following year was promoted to the 
command of the Eighth Army Corps. A year later he 
was transferred to the position always considered a 
post of honor in the French Army — the Commander of 
the Twentieth Army Corps, with Headquarters at 
Nancy. 

Years before the outbreak of the World War, Gen- 
eral Foch had inspired in the hearts of the French 
people a hope that French generalship would in the 
next conflict prove a worthy match for the Germans. 
He had devoted the best years of his life to a close 
study of the plans followed by the German General 
Staff during the Franco-Prussian War. Calmly and 
methodically he had analyzed the operations of the 
German army in that war, and had in turn instructed 
his pupils to be able to adopt a flexible campaign, one 
that would lend itself to quick and rapid changes. 

When the awful world conflict broke forth in the 
summer of 1914, the famous Twentieth Corps of the 



1_' MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

French Army, under General Foch's command, fought 
its way through the middle of the invading army into 
German Lorraine. General Joffre, who was in com- 
mand of the French Army, appointed General Foch to 
command the newly created army — the Ninth — and 
under the brilliant leadership of General Foch, the in- 
vading German Army was stopped first at the Marne, 
and a lew weeks later was checked in its march toward 
Calais. 

During the campaigns of 1915, 1916, and 1917, Gen- 
eral Foch played a conspicuous part in the numerous 
1 <at ties along the entire front. Finally, in 1917, when 
General Joffre retired from the command of the French 
Army, General Foch was appointed Chief of Staff. His 
brilliant successes during- the campaign of 1917 in 
checking 1 the German drive made his name a household 
word, not only throughout all France, but throughout 
the lands of the allied nations. The Germans realized 
that if they were to succeed they must at once mar- 
shal their combined strength in one final, desperate 
drive against the Allies. The time selected for this 
final campaign was during the months of February and 
March, 1918. 

A crisis was at hand. The allied nations were forced 
to combine their forces under one general if they were 
to withstand the onslaughts of the invading foe. Re- 
ports were being circulated that the French Govern- 
ment was considering the withdrawal of its armies 
from the front. Even the evacuation of Paris was 
being talked of. Stephane Lauzanne, in his recent book, 
"Great Men and Great Days", gives a dramatic de- 
scription of the events that occurred during the last 
week of March, 1918. Clemenceau, Poincaire and 
Loucheur had gone to Doullens to meet with the Eng- 
lish advisers, Haig, Milner, and others. When they 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 13 

reached. Doullens an English conference was in session, 
and while they waited the Frenchmen walked back and 
forth in front of the Hotel de Ville. General Foch was 
there, and his opportunity came to express to the 
French President his disapproval of the suggestion 
that the French troops be withdrawn. The historic 
words spoken by General Foch on this occasion are re- 
ported by Lauzanne: 

"Paris! Paris has nothing to do with this matter. 
Paris is far oif. We ought to stop the Boche right 
here. We have only got to say, 'He shall not pass!' 
and he will not pass. We can always stop the Boche. 
We have only got to give the order. It is only neces- 
sary to say, 'Retreat no further.' I will guarantee you 
that three-fourths of the battle is won when we know 
we are not going to retreat. France is France, and 
France does not die. Haig and Petain are two men 
who are keeping a door closed, each one by pushing on 
a separate bolt. The door has been broken down. 
There they are, both of them, each one at his own bolt, 
watching the enemy pour in and not knowing how to 
close the door and who ought to make the first move. 

"You know my method. I would drive a nail in the 
door, here; then one at that point; then at this one. 
The Boche would be almost stopped. Then I'd drive 
another in here and the Boche would be stopped. We 
can always stop the Boche." 

A conference was immediately arranged with the 
English generals, and General Foch again announced 
his plan for stopping the invading army. "This is our 
man," announced Lord Milner, and M. Clemenceau 
voiced his approval. General Foch had saved the day, 
and this brilliant leader, student of military science and 
men, was placed in command of the greatest army the 
world had ever seen. The spirit of this magnificent 



14 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

leader was at once felt along the whole fighting front. 
The different units of the Allied armies began to move 
as one man. And finally in September, 1918, the order 
went forth for that great offensive, which ultimately 
led to the triumphant victory that crowned the efforts 
of the allied nations on that memorable day, Novem- 
! er 11. L918. 

"Foch, he is our man." 



MARSHAL FOCH INVITED TO VISIT 
INDIANAPOLIS 

Upon learning of the prospective visit of Marshal 
Ferdinand Foch to the United States as a guest of The 
American Legion during the fall of 1921, the Marion 
County Council of The American Legion decided to ex- 
tend an official invitation to the French Marshal, urging 
him to visit Indianapolis on his American tour. Dr. 
Carleton B. McCulloch of Indianapolis, himself an ex- 
service man, and who was planning to join the official 
party of The American Legion that was to make a tour 
of the devastated regions of France during the summer 
of 1921, was requested to personally carry invitations 
from the Governor of Indiana, the Mayor of Indian- 
apolis, and the Chairman of the Marion County Council 
of The American Legion, inviting Marshal Foch to visit 
the city of Indianapolis. Dr. McCulloch personally 
presented the following letters to Marshal Foch in the 
city of Metz, late in August, 1921. 

Governor's Invitation 

July 28, 1921. 
"M. Ferdinand Foch, 
Marshal of France, 
Paris, France. 
My Dear Sir : 

"In behalf of the Commonwealth of Indiana, it gives 
me pleasure to extend to you, through Colonel C. 
B. McCulloch, late of the A. E. F., a most cordial invi- 
tation to visit Indiana upon the occasion of your tour 
of the United States next October as the guest of The 
American Legion. 

(15) 



16 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

Assuring you that our citizens will greatly appreci- 
ate the honor of your acceptance of this invitation. I 

am Very truly yours. 

Signed: WARREN T. McCRAY, 

Governor of Indiana." 

The American Legion's Invitation 

August 1, 1921. 

"As chairman of the Marion County Council of The 
American Leg-ion, I have the honor and privilege of 
speaking for the members of The American Legion, 
who reside in the city of Indianapolis, and also of ex- 
tending to you a cordial invitation to visit our city 
while you are a guest of our country. 

"We admire you because of your sterling qualities as 
a man. as a soldier and as a statesman. We are con- 
scious of the great service you gave the cause of the 
Allies in the World War and we hope that we may be 
given an opportunity of having you as a guest during 
your visit in our country. Indianapolis, the official 
home of the national organization of The American 
Legion, will consider it a very great honor if you will 
consent to be with us at such time as it may be con- 
venient for you while you are in the United States." 

Signed: J. F. CAXTWELL, Chairman, 
Marion County Council of The American Legion." 

Mayor's Invitation 

August 1, 1921. 
"My Dear Marshal Foch : 

"It gives me great pleasure to extend to you a most 
genuine and cordial invitation to visit the city of In- 
dianapolis during your stay in this country. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 17 

"I know that every citizen will feel highly honored 
in having you with us as our honored guest. This city 
is proud of being the home of The American Legion, 
and from these national headquarters patriotism is dis- 
persed to all parts of the world. 

"The American Legion and all other patriotic organ- 
izations join me in extending to you in behalf of all our 
citizens this invitation. 

"Sincerely hope we may be honored with your ac- 
ceptance. I am asking Colonel C. B. McCulloch, who 
represents the Order of Foreign Wars and The Amer- 
ican Legion and who is coming to your wonderful coun- 
try, to deliver this invitation in person. 

Sincerely yours, 

C. W. JEWETT, Mayor, 
Indianapolis, Indiana." 

When Dr. McCulloch officially presented the invita- 
tions to Marshal Foch, in Metz, the Marshal was un- 
able to state definitely whether or not he would be able 
to accept. He expressed a keen desire, however, to visit 
Indianapolis, due to the fact that this city had been 
selected as the seat of the National Headquarters of 
The American Legion, and added that every effort 
would be made to include this city on the itinerary of 
his American travels. 

Subsequently while on boat returning from France, 
Dr. McCulloch was appointed a member of the Na- 
tional Distinguished Visitors' Committee, and acting 
upon the direction of the Chairman of this Committee, 
he again cabled Marshal Foch as soon as he reached 
Indianapolis, urging his acceptance. Also a cablegram 
was sent to the French Embassy at Paris, urging its 
co-operation in persuading Marshal Foch to pay an 
official visit to Indiana. Early in October, 1921, the 

2—20472 



18 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

Distinguished Visitor's Committee held a meeting in 
Chicago to arrange Marshal Foch's itinerary, and at 
that time the official imitation from Indiana was pre- 
sented by Dr. McCulloch and readily accepted. The 
date was set tor Friday, November 4th, subject to the 
approval of the French Embassy. In due course, the 
approval was received, and Indianapolis and the State 
<>l Indiana immediately began preparations to receive 
the distinguished French visitor. 



PREPARATIONS FOR RECEIVING THE DISTIN- 
GUISHED VISITOR 

The city of Indianapolis, Marion County, and the 
State of Indiana all united in the plans for officially en- 
tertaining Marshal Foch. The City Council of Indian- 
apolis on October 17, 1921, appropriated the sum of 
$15,000 as its contribution in providing for a great pa- 
triotic celebration. The action received the unanimous 
endorsement of every member of the council. Also 
Marion County voted $10,000 for the same purpose, and 
the State of Indiana appropriated $5,000. A commit- 
tee of five was appointed by the City Council to offi- 
cially represent the city of Indianapolis in receiving 
and entertaining the Marshal. The committee con- 
sisted of Jesse E. Miller, and Gustave G. Schmidt, coun- 
cilmen ; Henry F. Campbell, Charles F. Coffin, Presi- 
dent of the Chamber of Commerce, and Robert H. 
Bryson, City Controller. 

All citizens of Indianapolis were called upon to join 
in the patriotic celebration, and were requested to lay 
aside the ordinary duties of the day in order to pay fit- 
ting respect to the Marshal's coming. They were 
urged to decorate their homes and places of business, 
not only with the Stars and Stripes, but also with the 
tri-color of France. Special efforts were made to se- 
cure pictures of Marshal Foch and have them placed in 
windows and other public places. A generous display 
of bunting and wide streamers was also urged in deco- 
rating the homes and buildings of the city. A special 
invitation was sent to the Culver Military Academy 
requesting that the famous Black Horse Troop be sent 
to Indianapolis on November 4, in order to act as a 
special escort for Marshal Foch. Citizens generally 
united in the request extended by the City Council, and 

(19) 



20 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

for days preceding the arrival of the distinguished vis- 
itor .ureal excitement prevailed among- the citizens of 
Indianapolis. 

Charles F. Collin, who was named as a member of 
the Executive Committee, obtained the consent of E. 
Howard Cadle to hold the Marshal Foch mass meeting 
in the Cadle Tabernacle on the night of November 4th. 
Also the Nordyke and Marmon Company immediately 
announced that they would place at the disposal of the 
committee a special Marmon seven-passenger car, 
painted French gray, and adorned with the Foch coat- 
of-arms. 

Notables of State and Nation Invited 

Realizing that Marshal Foch's visit would be an 
event of state-wide and even nation-wide importance, 
Governor McCray issued a special invitation to Presi- 
dent Harding, members of the Cabinet, Governors of 
all states, Mayors of Indiana cities with population of 
5,000 or more, and all cities in the United States with a 
population of 100,000 or more, and to delegates to The 
American Legion's National Convention, then in ses- 
sion in Kansas City, inviting them all to attend the 
dedication of the grounds and laying of the corner 
stone for the Indiana war memorial building by Mar- 
shal Foch, November 4, 1921. The invitation was as 
follows: 



c ;)Ic 



ovcrnoro, 



< ) iutu.1 



ua 



ui\nle.> uoti to attend 

« J lie « format ~ edication a the H round.* 

and 



t ) lie JL a Li nit] 



ike Corner co lone 



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v'j the relational e JieadatiaHen* «ijiitldinq 



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ftfie (2 






merLcan i^eaicm 



f Ferdinand c lack, J lie < Mlar.mal ol « (ranee 

on . mduij the ourth a, v/Lovember 

nineteen hundred and 1 went u -one 

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at < )tuliunajiolt/> 



22 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

Proclamations 

Official recognition of Marshal Foch Day on the part 

of the Slate of Indiana, and the city of Indianapolis, 

was voiced in the proclamations issued by (lovernor 
Warren T. McCray and Charles W. Jewett, Mayor of 

Indianapolis. 

Following is a copy of the proclamation issued by 
( lovernor McCray : 

"The State of Indiana is to be signally honored 
when Ferdinand Foch, the Marshal of France, 
comes to Indianapolis on Friday, November 4, as 
the distinguished guest of The American Legion. 

The visit of the world's greatest military genius 
is a marked appreciation of the valiant service 
rendered his beloved country by Indiana's heroic 
men and women in the world's greatest struggle 
for the supremacy of those principles which insure 
human liberty and life. 

The commander-in-chief of the allied army 
comes to Indianapolis to dedicate the foundation 
stone of the state memorial to be erected to the 
memory of our soldiers and sailors who gave up 
their lives in the late World War. This stone is 
from the Marne bridge at Chateau Thierry, near 
where the American men made such a gallant 
stand under the magnificent leadership of our own 
General Omar Bundy, and it is fitting, indeed, that 
this solemn ceremony should take place in the 
presence of the great French commander. 

Such an occasion commands our united interest, 
and appeals to our state pride. It will pass into 
history as a most notable event. May it long be 
remembered by our honored guest as one of the 
pleasing, outstanding features of his visit to our 
country. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 23 

The day should be observed in a most fitting 
manner, creditable alike to city and state. Let us 
honor our guest as his rank and achievements 
justly deserve. Let every means be taken to show 
our appreciation of his visit and the high esteem 
in which he is held in the hearts of the American 
people. 

Let all business be suspended, so far as practic- 
able, and a half holiday be declared, permitting old 
and young to pay honor and respect to Ferdinand 
Foch, the Marshal of France." 

WARREN T. McCRAY, 
Governor of Indiana. 

Indianapolis, October 31, 1921. 

Following is a copy of the proclamation issued by 
Mayor Jewett: 

"On Friday, November 4, 1921, Indianapolis is 
to be honored to have as our guest, Marshal Fer- 
dinand Foch, the commander-in-chief of the allied 
armies in the World War. 

Indianapolis has never honored a more distin- 
guished man than Marshal Foch. His military 
genius is recognized without a peer in the present 
age, and, without a doubt, history will record the 
fact that Marshal Foch is the greatest military 
commander the world has ever known. 

He comes to us, bearing the greetings of the 
French Republic. His visit will serve to strength- 
en the bond of friendship first established by 
George Washington and LaFayette in revolution- 
ary days, and made strong and permanent in the 
World War between the American and French peo- 
ple. This will be a great and memorable occasion 



24 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

to the citizens of Indianapolis. It will long be re- 
membered as one of the Outstanding, brilliant 
events in the history of our city. 

That we may enter into the spirit of the wel- 
come and reception that Indianapolis will give to 
Marshal Foch, I call upon the entire citizenship, in 
so far as is practicable, to make Friday, November 
1, a holiday; to display the American and French 
flags together from public buildings and resi- 
dences; to suspend business as far as is practica- 
ble, that our people may have an opportunity to 
participate in this great occasion. Let us all wel- 
come our distinguished guest in the spirit of the 
French Republic and the American Government, 
and pay honor and reverence to our noble guest." 

CHARLES W. JEWETT, 
Mayor of Indianapolis. 

American Legion Co-operation 

The week preceding the coming of Marshal Foch, 
Claude E. Gregg, Commander of The American Legion, 
Department of Indiana, sent a bulletin to the command- 
ers of all local posts in the state, urging them to send 
a large representation to Indianapolis to participate in 
the Marshal Foch Day events. Also, Dr. Carleton B. 
McCulloch, Chairman of the Foch Day Executive Com- 
mittee, issued an appeal on October 26th, urging the 
one hundred and twenty-five thousand veterans in In- 
diana to take part in the parade, and expressed the 
hope that there would be a one hundred per cent at- 
tendance. 

Following is a copy of the bulletin sent out October 
26, 1921, to the local posts by Commander Gregg: 

"On November 4, Marshal Foch, commander of 
the allied armies during the World War, will be 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 25 

the guest of Indiana at Indianapolis. This will be 
one of the largest demonstrations ever known to 
the people of Indiana, and every ex-service man 
and woman should take part in the program of 
the day. The interurban lines have granted a re- 
duced rate of one-way fare for round trip for this 
occasion, and we believe the steam roads will do 
likewise. 

"Briefly, the program is as follows: Marshal 
Foch will arrive at the Union Station at 9 a. m. A 
salute of nineteen guns will be fired as he enters 
the station. The band will play 'La Marseillaise' 
and then The Star-Spangled Banner'. The Mar- 
shal will then be escorted from the station by the 
famous Black Horse Troop of Culver. The Cul- 
ver, DePauw, Indiana, and Purdue Universities, 
Marion County Legion and other bands will pro- 
vide music. 

"An auto race will be held at the motor speed- 
way at 10:30 a. m., probably four or five cars par- 
ticipating. This event will be free to every one. 

"The parade will form at 1 :30 p. m. at the south 
side of the State House, moving eastward in 
Washington street at 2 p. m. The parade will 
contain troops from Ft. Benjamin Harrison, Na- 
tional Guard troops, several military and Legion 
bands, and thousands of former service men and 
women. Immediately after the parade the ground 
for the state war memorial and for the permanent 
national headquarters of The American Legion will 
be dedicated. A public meeting will be held in 
the Cadle Tabernacle at 8:30 p. m. 

"Make arrangements now to come to Indian- 
apolis November 4. Bring your post banners for 
the parade, have all your members wear their uni- 



26 .1/ VRSHAL FOCH DA ) 

forms. Make your temporary headquarters and 
check your banners at the Slate House." 

On November 1, Commander Gregg issued a second 
message through the Indianapolis newspapers, in 
which he especially urged Indiana ex-service men, re- 
gardless of the fact as to whether they were members 
oi The American Legion, to send a one hundred per 
cent representation to Indianapolis to participate in the 
Marshal Foch Day parade. lie added: 

"I wish it were possible for me to get into per- 
sonal touch with every post in the state before 
parade time, to urge them to send representatives. 
If it is impossible to send a sizable delegation, I 
hope all will send at least two men with the stand- 
ards of the post, because they all will be massed 
from over the state at the head of the parade." 

Accompanying the statements sent out by Com- 
mander Gregg, Dr. McCulloch, Chairman of the Exec- 
utive Committee, issued the following appeal to all vet- 
erans of the World War: 

"All ex-service men who do not belong to The 
American Legion are equally urged to come to In- 
dianapolis and participate in the parade. Every 
such man should come in uniform, if in any way 
possible, but the fact that he does not have a uni- 
form should not keep him away. Report at parade 
headquarters on the south side of the State House 
at 1 o'clock. Assignments to position in the pa- 
rade will be made at that time. 

"This is a tribute that every ex-service man 
owes Marshal Foch, and the dignity and honor of 
The State of Indiana calls for a one hundred per 
cent attendance." 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 27 

Appointment of Committees 

In order that the greatest publicity possible might be 
given Marshal Foch Day, and in order that it might 
have the widest democratic appeal to the entire cit- 
izenship of Indiana, it was decided to appoint several 
representative committees to assist in this historical 
event. 

The Executive Committee consisted of: 

Dr. Carleton B. McCulloch, Chairman 
Bowman Elder, Secretary 
Mayor Charles W. Jewett 
Governor Warren T. McCray 
Charles F. Coffin 
Samuel D. Miller 

The following named committees were also appoint- 
ed to assist in the Foch Day program : 

Automobiles — 

M. E. Noblet, Chairman ; Paul H. Brown ; S. M. 
Dean; R. W. Miller; William D. Small; Fritz Sny- 
der ; Clarence Stanley ; H. K. Stormont, and Harry 
Stutz. 

Band — 

W. E. Pittsford, Chairman; Gideon W. Blain ; 
Stanley C. Brooks; John P. Carroll; Richard H. 
Habbe; John McNutt; John McShane; Eugene C. 
Miller, and William Mooney. 

Banquet — 

G. Barrett Moxley, Chairman; Judge Solon J. 
Carter ; Dr. Edmund D. Clark ; Edward L. Mayer ; 
Martin A. Prather; Russell J. Ryan, and Evans 
Woollen, Jr. 



28 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

Ceremonial — 

Walter Myers, Chairman; Robert A. Adams; T. 
A. Flaherty; Myron M. Hugfael; Ed Jackson; Rob- 
ert L. Moorhead; Dr. Lafayette Page, William 
Guy Wall, and Robert S. Wild. 

Commissary — 

John B. Reynolds, Chairman; Annis Burke; 
William R. Seeker; Fred B. Sherman; Cecil B. 
Smith, and V. D. Vincent. 

Decorations — 

Ralph A. Lemcke, Chairman ; J. Frank Cant- 
well ; Robert F. Daggett; Jesse Miller; Hence 
Orme, and Thomas D. Stevenson. 

Disabled Soldiers — 

Mrs. Wilbur Johnson, Chairman; Miss Marga- 
ret McCulloeh; Mrs. Stuart Dean; Mrs. Russell 
Fortune; Mrs. Robert Hassler; Mrs. C. E. Hender- 
son; Mrs. L. B. Hopkins; Mrs. Chauncey DeWitt 
Meier; Mrs. Charles E. Millard: Mrs. F. E. Mus- 
kovics; Mrs. Nicholas Xoyes; Mrs. Richard W. 
Smitheram, and Mrs. Gordon B. Tanner. 

Finance — 

Henry F. Campbell, Chairman; Frederic M. 
Ay res; William J. Fink; Fred Hoke; Dick Miller, 
and Samuel E. Rauh. 

Health— 

Dr. Herman G. Morgan, Chairman ; Dr. Larue 
D. Carter: Miss June Gray; Dr. Carl Habich, and 
Dr. Ray Xewcomb. 

Liaison — 

Robert H. Tyndall. Chairman; Harry M. Ager- 
ter; Dr. E. J. DuBois ; Donald H. McGibeny; Sid- 
ney D. Miller, and Gay A. Wainwright. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 29 

Parade — 

Harry B. Smith, Chairman; Gideon W. Blain; 
John J. Boaz ; Lee Busch ; Solon J. Carter ; Brandt 
Downey; Will 0. Jericho; Bertram Kingsbury; 
Marshal T. Levey; Clarence Martin; Robert L. 
Moorhead ; Louis J. Morgan ; Albert T. Rich ; Ar- 
thur R. Robinson ; Robert H. Tyndall, and Charles 
0. Wesbey. 

Police — 

A. L. Taggart, Chairman; Henry L. Dithmer; 
J. E. Kinney, and Felix M. McWhirter. 

Public Comfort — 

Roltare Eggleston, Chairman; Herman P. Lie- 
ber; Ad F. Miller; John Paul Ragsdale; George 
Rinier; Paul T. Rockford; Maurice Tennant, and 
Nelson G. Trowbridge. 

Publicity — 

Dr. T. Victor Keene, Chairman; Clyde Allen; 
Myron R. Bone; Herald D. Feightner; Curtis 
Hodges, and Benjamin F. Lawrence. 

Speedway — 

Carl Fisher, Chairman; James Allison; T. E. 
Myers, and Arthur Newby. 

Transportation — 

John C. Millspaugh, Chairman; William Bart- 
ley; J. H. Call; J. W. Coneys; R. C. Fiscus; J. W. 
Gardner; C. L. Henry; M. V. Hines; F. B. Hums- 
ton ; L. B. Jay ; J. K. Jeffries ; P. Jack Landers ; J. 
M. Morisey; F. N. Reynolds; W. H. Strauss; Will- 
iam Ward, and Bert Weedon. 

A special reception committee headed by ex-Gover- 
nor Samuel M. Ralston was appointed to officially re- 



30 MARSHAL l-'UCH DAY 

ceive Marshal Foch upon his arrival ill Indianapolis. 
The members of Governor Ralston's committee were: 

A. Mrs. Ella Aker; Dr. Robert J. Aley; Judge Albert 

B. Anderson; Samuel Ashby; Henry C. Atkins; 
Col. W. A. Austin; and Col. N. K. Averhill. 

B. Frank P. Baker; Frank C. Ball; Mrs. J. M. Barcus; 
A. A. Barnes; Colonel John T. Barnett; Judge Ira 

C. Batman; Arthur R. Baxter; Joseph E. Bell; F. 
O. Belzsr; Henry \V. Bennett; Mrs. R. C. Bennett; 
Albert J. Beveridge; Colonel D. H. Biddle of Fort 
Harrison; Remster Bingham; Lemuel Bolles; 
Charles A. Bookwalter; Benjamin Bosse of Evans- 
ville; Colonel F. S. Bottoms of Fort Harrison; 
Willard S. Boyle ; Lieutenant-Governor Emmett F. 
Branch ; Franklin L. Bridges ; Colonel T. H. 
Bridges; Ernest Bross; Arthur V. Brown; Frank 
E. Brown; Hilton U. Brown; Will II. Brown; Dr. 
William Lowe Bryan of Bloomington ; Miss Adah 
Bush; Robert Butler, and Russell T. Byers. 

C. Mrs. Anne Studebaker Carlisle of South Bend; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Carr; Mrs. Solon J. Carter; Judge 
Solon J. Carter; Brigadier General George Casler; 
Judge Harry Chamberlin ; Rt. Rev. Joseph Char- 
trand; Mrs. Edmund D. Clark; Dr. Edmund D. 
Clark; Charles E. Coffin; Paul Comstock of Rich- 
mond; Charles E. Cox; Mrs. Linton A. Cox; Clif- 
ford Craig, and Russell Creviston. 

D. Frank C. Dailey ; Eugene II. Darrach ; Judge 
Ethan A. Dausman ; Thomas C. Day ; Caleb S. 
Denny; C. W. Depka, and Winfield T. Durbin of 
Anderson. 

E. G. A. Efroymson; William L. Elder; John G. 
Emery; W. E. English; Judge Solon A. Enloe; 
Jesse Eschbach; T. II. Escott; William P. Evans 
and Judge Louis B. Ewbank. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 31 

F. Mrs. J. S. Ferris; Mrs. Caroline Marmon Fesler; 
Leo Fesler; Rabbi Morris M. Feuerlicht; Colonel 
R. T. Fleming of Fort Harrison; Stoughton A. 
Fletcher; Will Fogarty; Michael E. Foley; William 
Fortune; D. N. Foster of Fort Wayne; Charles 
Fox; William F. Fox; Dr. F. W. Foxworthy; Rev. 
Joseph M. Francis ; Mrs. Alice French ; Captain H. 
G. Fry of Fort Harrison ; James Fry, and Dr. Sum- 
ner I. Furniss. 

G. Fred C. Gardner; E. E. Gates; Rev. Francis J. 
Gavisk ; Willard J. Gemmel of Broad Ripple ; Lewis 
W. George; Colonel L. R. Gignilliatt of Culver; 
John D. Gilpin of Fort Wayne; William P. Gleason 
of Gary ; A. M. Glossbrenner ; Daniel Glossbrenner ; 
A. H. Godard ; James P. Goodrich of Winchester ; 
Dr. A. B. Graham ; Charles A. Greathouse ; Claude 
E. Gregg of Vincennes; Neal Grider; Dr. George 
R. Grose, President of Depauw University, Green- 
castle ; Mrs. J. N. Gullef er of New Augusta. 

H. Richard Habbe, Walter G. Hadley of Danville; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Laurence Halstead of Fort 
Harrison; Paul Haimbaugh of Muncie; W. W. 
Hammond; Cope J. Hanley of Rensselaer; Henry 
L. Hardin; Dr. Isaac S. Harold; Russell B. Harri- 
son; William D. Haverstick; Will H. Hays of 
Washington; Frank H. Henley of Wabash; Wil- 
liam P. Herod; Mrs. Philip Hildebrand; L. N. 
Hines; Alexander R. Holliday ; John W. Holtzman; 
Carl Houston of Marion; Thomas C. Howe; Kin 
Hubbard ; Louis Huesman ; Dr. Charles D. Humes ; 
Charles A. Hunt of Jeff er son ville and George B. 
Hunt of Richmond. 

I. 0. B. lies; and Will Irwin of Columbus. 

J. Mrs. Harry Jacobs; Dr. Henry Jameson; Mayor 
Charles W. Jewett, and Aquilla Q. Jones. 



32 MARSHAL FOCH PAY 

\\. Kdward Kahn; Mrs. Joseph B. Keating; Joseph A. 

Kebler; Dr. I>ernays Kennedy; Mrs. Ralph E. Ken- 

nington; Charles W. Kern; Henry Keleham; 

William A. Ketcham; J. L. Kimbrough of Muncie; 

Major M. Kirby of Fort Harrison; Edward II. 

Knight and Miss Pauline Kurnick. 
L. Hugh McK. Landon ; Ulysses S. Lesh ; Major James 

A. Lester of Fort Harrison ; Charles S. Lewis, Sr. ; 

J. K. Lilly; James W. Lilly; Captain Livengood, 

and Charles J. Lynn. 

M. Judge Robert W. McBride; John F. McClure of 
Anderson; Mrs. Charles \V. McCord of New Al- 
bany; Major T. M. McCorkle of Fort Harrison; 
Governor Warren T. McCray; Mrs. Alice Foster 
McCulloch of Fort Wayne; Mrs. Hugh McGibeny; 
Charles A. McGonagle of Plainfield; Joseph A. 
McGowan ; W. J. McKee of Pellston, Mich. ; Judge 
Willis C. McMahan; James B. Mahan; Walter C. 
Marmon; Henry W. Marshall, acting President of 
Purdue ; Thomas R. Marshall ; Charles Martindale ; 
W. J. Merrill; Charles W. Miller; Mark Miller; 
Mrs. W. H. H. Miller; William J. Mooney; Louis 
H. Moore of Fort Wayne; Charles W. Moores; 
Judge David A. Myers and Quincy A. Myers. 

N. Senator Harry S. New of Washington ; Arthur T. 
Newby; L. Russell Newgent; William Newhouse 
of Cumberland; Judge Alonzo L. Nichols; Mere- 
dith Nicholson; J. H. Nicolas; Colonel H. F. Noble 
of Culver; Rev. Raymond R. Noll. 

0. Cornelius O'Brien of Lawrenceburg ; Howard 
O'Neil of Crawf ordsville ; Perry O'Neil; Charles J. 
Orbison, and Alvin M. Owsley. 

P. Colonel J. K. Parsons of Ft. Harrison; Gavin L. 
Payne; Colonel Oran Perry, and Alfred Potts. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 33 

R. Lieutenant E. W. Read of Fort Harrison; Major- 
General George W. Read of Fort Harrison; Mrs. 
R. S. Records of Lawrence; Charles 0. Remster; 
Judge Charles Remy; Lieutenant-Colonel J. C. 
Rhea of Fort Harrison; Judge Arthur R. Robin- 
son; Ben Rogers of Frankfort; Colonel E. A. Root; 
Dr. Virgil Rorer; A. M. Rosenthal; Samuel D. 
Royse of Terre Haute; John C. Ruckelshaus; Dr. 
0. S. Runnels, and Oswald Ryan of Anderson. 

S. John Scherer ; Lieutenant-Colonel Theodore Schultz 
of Fort Harrison ; F. J. Schwartz ; Carl H. Shank ; 
Joseph H. Shea; Elmer W. Sherwood of Linton; 
Miss Mary 0. Siebenthal; Daniel W. Simms of La- 
fayette; Fred C. Sims; L. E. Slack; W. L. Slink- 
ard of Bloomfield; Charles B. Sommers; Marcus 
S. Sonntag of Evansville; Major T. C. Spencer of 
Fort Harrison; Frank D. Stalnaker; Mrs. H. P. 
Stanford; John E. Stephenson; Colonel G. R. Stor- 
mont of Lafayette; Elmer Stout; Philip B. Strapp 
of Greensburg; Thomas L. Sullivan; Dr. J. A. 
Swails of Acton ; Mrs. Lucius B. Swift, and Lucius 
B. Swift. 

T. Thomas Taggart; Booth Tarkington; Harold Tay- 
lor ; T. N. Taylor ; William M. Taylor ; Cecil Teague 
of Brookville; Miss Mary L. Thomas; William H. 
Thompson; Rev. Demetrius Tillotson; R. I. Todd; 
Judge Howard L. Townsend; Judge Julius C. 
Travis, and Harry D. Tutewiler. 

V. Fred Van Nuys, and Tarquina L. Voss. 

W. Major C. A. Waldman of Fort Harrison; Dr. 
Ernest Wales ; Edmund Wasmuth ; Senator James 
E. Watson of Washington ; Ben J. Watt of Prince- 
ton; W. B. Wheelock; Larz A. Whitcomb; Rev. 
Frank S. C. Wicks; Judge Benjamin M. Willough- 

3—20472 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

by; Dr. A. L. Wilson; Colonel J. S. Wilson of Fort 
Harrison; Russell Wilson; Eben II. Wolcott ; Evans 
Woollen; Dr. Frank B. Wynn, and Thomas A. 
Wynn. 

Y. Kenneth Yarnelle of Wabash, and George Yoke. 



MARSHAL FOCH'S ARRIVAL IN INDIANAPOLIS 

The train carrying Marshal Foch and his party from 
St. Louis to Indianapolis arrived at the Union Station 
promptly at nine o'clock a. m. The official reception 
committee, headed by ex-Governor Samuel M. Ralston, 
as Chairman, and two hundred citizens were at the sta- 
tion to greet him, while thousands waited outside the 
station and packed the streets leading to the Claypool 
Hotel. As special aides to assist in conducting the 
Marshal Foch party, Governor Ralston had appointed 
Daniel I. Glossbrenner, Humphrey C. Harrington, W. T. 
Escott, Perry O'Neil, and Henry Ketcham. 

The ceremonies attending the Marshal's arrival and 
the reception accorded him, are most fittingly described 
by a reporter on one of the local papers. 

"Up on the elevated tracks, to the rear and wholly 
out of sight of the multitude that was waiting a sight 
of the celebrity, a committee for reception gathered a 
little while before the train arrived. Samuel M. Ral- 
ston, former Governor of Indiana; Warren T. McCray, 
Governor ; Captain Thomas M. Halls, chief of the secret 
service for Indiana, with his assistants, high figures in 
the several groups of soldiers, and citizens who, col- 
lectively, presented a real and a notable representation 
of the state and its handsome capitol, were there. The 
vigilance of the secret service, of the police department 
and the admonition of the committees served to keep 
the spaces up there and in the main building below 
it, clear of the mass of the waiting multitude, and clear 
too, of all shoving, commotion or other disturbance. 

"A glance at the faces of the men of the reception 
line, as the train came thundering in from the west, 
was worth while. Every eye was bright, every feature, 
every attitude spelled keen expectancy. 

(3.3) 




MOOREFIELD 



Marsha] Foch and Party Btanding outside Union Station. As the band started to play 
La Marseillaise, Marshal Foch stood at salute. Reading left to right: Governor Mc- 
Cray; Mayor Jewett; Marshal Foch; Ex-Governor Ralston, and Dr. McCulloch. 




MOOREFIELD 

Another view, showing the Reception Committee with Marshal Fcch at Union Station 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 37 

"As the coaches came alongside the main body of the 
waiting group, they gathered into a close-packed mass 
at the steps of the car in which the Marshal and his 
company were, and even before the train had come to 
a full stop, they could see through the windows a little 
band of blue-clad forms. There was a storm of cheer- 
ing, spontaneous and prolonged, for the watchers knew 
that one of those forms was that of the man whose 
vision and courage, whose complex gifts summed up in 
the great word "genius," availed to make 10,000,000 
men become as a single sword in his hand, who wielded 
the most stupendous army ever formed, and with it 
overthrew the greatest menace that civilization ever 
opposed. 

"Another moment and the man himself stepped 
through the rear door and came down the steps ; a fig- 
ure less than the medium height, slight, rather than 
full in mold, precise and self-possessed in gesture and 
giving at once the impression of exceeding force and 
tenacity. This impression was reaffirmed by the face 
of the man, a chin of that width and strength of chisel- 
ing which is the sign of a will inflexible. 

"The grizzled, grayish moustache did not conceal thf 1 
lips, or the look of firmness they wore, yet the cut of 
the mouth was not unkindly. The face was overrun 
by creases that told of care, of trouble borne so long 
that the stamp of it shall never entirely pass away. But 
in the eyes of the man the reality of his character was 
revealed still more convincingly. 

"They were wide apart, gray eyes that looked coldly 
down on the waiting group, for an instant. Then the 
Marshal smiled and his face was transformed, and who- 
ever saw him knew that he carried a large heart under 
the gray of his cloak. He gave the quick, vivacious 
French salute, and stepped down to grasp the hand of 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

former Governor Ralston, who was at the lower step of 

the coach. 

'"Marshal Foch', said Mr. Ralston, 'two hundred 
and fifty representative men and women of the Official 

Reception Committee welcome you to our city and to 
our state, and invoke the blessings of God upon you, 
and upon your people.' 

"The Marshal bowed in acknowledgment. In the 
next few moments he gave his hand to all those near 
him. Then he was taken, arm in arm by Mr. Ralston 
and Governor McCray, and with secret service men pre- 
ceding and following and with all the committee which 
had been at the train pouring after, the guest de- 
scended the stairway, passed to the south doors of the 
waiting-room and inside, between the cheering ranks 
in the main building. 

"Except for a pathway, kept open by ropes and by 
police patrols along them, every inch of the space in the 
waiting-room was packed, and every voice was raised 
in a thunder of salutation. With his hand at rigid 
salute, the Marshal was escorted through the station 
and down to the lower step on the north. There he and 
those with him stood, while the Culver Band struck into 
the rolling measures of "La Marseillaise." The Mar- 
shal glanced toward the east, where the band stood, as 
the strains burst out, and again came that transform- 
ing smile. 

"The shout that went up as he appeared on the steps 
of the station arose in such volume that it seemed that 
all the Iloosiers in the world must be contributing. 
The clapping of thousands of hands swelled the tumult, 
and the thunder of drums, of brass and silver instru- 
ments, made it such a moment as the city had not 
often, if indeed it had ever known. Save for his smile 
and the quick salute, the great commander made no 
sign. Standing surrounded by dignitaries to whose 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 39 

shoulders the flaming red top of his round, gold-braided 
cap hardly reached, he seemed still to be a saddened 
man. 

'The ceremony had been brief at the train. It was 
brief at the steps. A corps of photographers, stationed 
a little way out from the station steps, snapped pic- 
tures with lightning speed. The band, concluding the 
great French hymn, swung into the American National 
Anthem. Above and all about, the crisp breeze tossed 
the Stars and Stripes and the tricolor of France into 
intertwining folds, and the onlookers, unless they were 
exceedingly matter-of-fact, had something of the emo- 
tions of a swift and many-colored dream. 

"Then the allied hero was helped to a seat in an auto- 
mobile with Governor McCray, Hanford MacNider, the 
new commander of The American Legion, and Dr. Mc- 
Culloch. The Marshal's companions and the commit- 
tees that had to do with the reception, entered other 
machines, all in waiting. And with the chorus of 
shouts of welcome, with the hurrahs of boys and men 
and occasionally with the prayers of women, tremulous 
blessings uttered through the tumult of acclaim raining 
thick upon him, Ferdinand Foch was whirled away to 
take his place in the second episode of his visit to the 
Hoosier people." 

Meridian Street north from Jackson Place, and 
Washington Street, to the State House, were lined in 
most instances back to the doors of the business houses 
with a throng eager to see the military hero who di- 
rected the allied armies to victory. As the official car 
bearing Marshal Foch, and escorted by the Culver Mil- 
itary Academy Band and Black Horse Troop, turned 
into Meridian Street from Jackson Place, the crowds 
quickly recognized the Marshal and cheers resounded. 
All the way up Meridian Street one could hear the 
cheers. There was a continuous ovation. 



40 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

The crowd was most dense at Washington and Merid- 
ian streets, where the line tinned toward the Claypool, 
and just opposite the hotel. Many stood behind the 
police lines opposite the Washington Street entrance to 
the hotel for the halt-hour of the reception taking place 
inside, waiting for Marshal Foch to reappear and start 
for the Speedway. 

Reception at Claypool Hotel 

The official welcome of the city and the state was 
extended to Marshal Foch and his party at the formal 
reception in the mezzanine floor of the Claypool Hotel. 
Escorted by Governor Warren T. McCray and former 
Governor Samuel M. Ralston, the Marshal was taken 
immediately to the mezzanine floor. After a private 
welcome by the Governor and Mayor Charles W. 
Jewett, the members of the special reception committee 
passed by and greeted the French party. 

Standing in the receiving line were Marshal Foch, 
Governor McCray, Mayor Jewett, former Governor 
Ralston, Mr. MacNider, General Desticker, Charles W. 
Bertrand, General W. D. Connor, Count de Chambrun, 
Colonel Frank Parker, Colonel Francis Drake, Major 
De Mierry, Capt. L'llopital, Dr. De Songeyran and Dr. 
Andre. After spending about half an hour in the Clay- 
pool Hotel greeting hundreds of persons who passed 
by and shook hands with the Marshal, he was then 
taken to the Speedway to see the automobile races. 

The Speedway Races 

Following a brief rest in the private quarters pro- 
vided for the Marshal at the Claypool Hotel, he was 
then taken to the Speedway where a twenty-five mile 
automobile race was staged in his honor. A crowd of 
twenty-five thousand people had gathered in the grand 




«#► 







COBURN 

Marshal Foch extending congratulations to Eddie Hearne, winner of the 25-mile race. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

stands, and when the Marshal's party leading a long 
line of automobiles passed through the gates, a rousing 
cheer was given in Foch's honor. He was driven on 
the track in a special car. Police escorted the official 

party, which rode in fifteen Indianapolis-made auto- 
mobiles around the two-and-one-hall' mile track. He 
then took his -eat in the top balcony of the judge's 
stand, which was decorated with the tricolor of France, 
and the Stars and Stripe-. 

The race staged in Marshal Foch's honor was in- 
deed a thriller. Several times during the race the 
Marsha] inquired as to the speed the cars were mak- 
ing. When informed that at the end of the third lap 
the speed was ninety-eight miles an hour, he expressed 
great astonishment. Two of the cars which were en- 
tered in the race by the Duesenbergs were cars that 
made enviable records in the Grand Prix Race, the 
great French classic motor event of July, 1921. 

Eddie Hearne driving a Duesenberg won the race, the 
time being 15.14.2, or an average of 97.5 miles an hour. 
After the race Marshal Foch spoke highly of the spe- 
cial exhibition that had been given in his honor. The 
novelty of an event of such a nature was indeed a 
unique treat to the distinguished visitor. He enjoyed 
it thoroughly since it was such a change from the for- 
mal line of dinners and receptions, and because it 
proved to be such a wonderful exhibition of American 
engineering success. 

Governor's Luncheon at Country Club 

One of the special features of Marshal Foch Day was 
a luncheon at the Indianapolis Country Club given in 
his honor by Governor Warren T. McCray. En route to 
the Country Club the party passed the school at Cler- 
mont, where one hundred girls lined the curb, and 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 43 



waved American and French flags in honor of the dis- 
tinguished visitor. They in turn were happily saluted 
by Marshal Foch. 

In addition to Marshal Foch and his official party, the 
following persons were special guests at the banquet : 

Governor Warren T. McCray, Chairman 
Judge Albert B. Anderson; Dr. Paul Andre; 
Charles M. Bertrand; Lemuel L. Bolles; Colonel 
Bridges; Count de Chambrun; French Consul 
Christen; Charles F. Coffin; General W. D. Connor; 
General Desticker; Franklin D'Olier; Colonel 
Francis Drake ; John G. Emery ; Carl Fisher ; Wil- 
liam Fortune; Col. Leigh Gignilliatt; Claude E. 
Gregg; Charles W. Jewett; William A. Ketcham; 
Delancy Kountze; Captain L'Hopital; Hanford 
MacNider; Carleton B. McCulloch; Thomas R. 
Marshall; Major De Mierry; Samuel D. Miller; 
Colonel Frank Parker; Samuel M. Ralston; Gen- 
eral George W. Read; Alton Roberts; Dr. De 
Songeyran; Marcus S. Sonntag; Thomas Taggart, 
and Robert Tyndall. 

A special musical program in which all of the num- 
bers were by French composers, had been provided by 
the Orloff Trio as follows: 

Gavotte Louis XIII Ghys 

Berceuse "Jocelyn" Godard 

Pas des Escharpes Chaminade 

Carmen Bizet 

Le Cygne Saint-Saens 

Arabesque De Bussy 

Elegie Massenet 

Valse "Faust" Gounod 

The only ceremony held at the Country Club was the 
planting of an elm tree at the east corner of the lawn 
by Marshal Foch. 




u 



3 
- 



s 

-- 



o 



J3 

o 
O 



THE PARADE 

The most spectacular feature of the entire day was 
the military parade. For weeks preceding the coming 
of Marshal Foch special efforts had been made through 
the press, by correspondence, by telephone and tele- 
graph, to bring together the greatest array of military 
units that had ever assembled in Indiana. Under the 
direction of Adjutant General Harry B. Smith, every 
unit of the Indiana National Guard was urged to par- 
ticipate in the parade. From the State Headquarters 
of The American Legion, Indiana Department, special 
appeals had been sent forth, urging every ex-service 
man in the state to again don his uniform and march 
with his comrades in honor of the great Chief who had 
guided them on foreign soil. 

The day preceding the arrival of the French Marshal 
different units of the Indiana National Guard began to 
assemble in Indianapolis. The guard was composed of 
the 151st and 152d infantry regiments, the 139th and 
the 181st artillery regiments, and a number of special 
detachments. Every unit of the guard was repre- 
sented. The units were from Indianapolis, Elkhart, 
Frankfort, Ft. Wayne, Newcastle, Flora, Shelbyville, 
Martinsville, Ladoga, Attica, Greensburg, Gary, Ma- 
rion, Noblesville, Rensselaer, Salem, New Albany, 
Delphi, Windfall, Rushville, Colfax, Columbia City, 
Goshen, Muncie, Kokomo, Evansville, Angola, Colum- 
bus, Spencer, Seymour, Darlington, Mishawaka and 
Tipton. 

A steady stream of special trains and interurban cars 
brought the National Guard units to the city. Fifty 
special interurban trains, four special steam trains and 
special coaches on three regular steam trains were re- 
quired to bring the Guardsmen. The special interur- 

(45) 




COBURN 




MOOREFIELD 

Upper view— Official car occupied by Marshal Foch, Governor McCray, Dr. McCulloch 
Cleft seat), and Hanford MacN'ider (right seat). Lower view— Marsha! Foch and 
Governor McCray. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 47 

ban cars were sent out to the various towns on the 
night of November 3, in order to be ready to leave early 
for Indianapolis. 

A special train on the Pennsylvania Railroad left 
Gary and stopped at Flora, Frankfort, Colfax and 
Darlington, bringing 200 National Guardsmen from 
Gary, 50 from Flora, 150 from Frankfort, 50 from Col- 
fax and 50 from Darlington. Another special running 
over the Chicago and Eastern Illinois and Pennsylvania 
Railroad brought 200 National Guardsmen from Evans- 
ville and Terre Haute. A third special train over the 
Pennsylvania Railroad brought from Madison Battery 
E, 181st Field Artillery. It carried 96 officers and men 
of Battery E and complete equipment. Eleven flat cars 
were required to transport the 155mm. guns, tractors 
and other equipment of this unit. The Mishawaka unit 
of the National Guard, consisting of 90 men arrived in 
three special coaches. Special interurban cars brought 
National Guard units from Elkhart, Portland, New- 
castle, Ft. Wayne, Marion, Noblesville, Windfall, Colum- 
bia City, Goshen, Muncie, Kokomo, Angola, Tipton, 
Martinsville, Attica, Ladoga, Delphi, Salem, New Al- 
bany, Seymour, Columbus, Greensburg and Rushville. 
A special train over the Monon brought the National 
Guard company from Rensselaer. 

Also a special train brought the Culver Black Horse 
Troop and Band, numbering approximately 150 men. 
The Indiana University band of 90 men and 90 Bloom- 
ington National Guardsmen arrived in four special 
coaches over the Pennsylvania Railroad, 

The parade was organized under the following special 
orders of Adjutant General Smith: 



48 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

HEADQUARTERS, 

Grand Marshal, 
Marshal Foch Parade. 
Orders No. 1. 

1. The parade will be held on Friday, November 
4th, at 2:00 p. m. 

2. The following oflicers will serve as Assistant 
Marshals, and are assigned as follows: 

First Division- 
Colonel William G. Everson 
Major Albert T. Rich 
Major Pearle A. Davis 
Major Glenn Van Auken 
Captain Louis J. Rosier, Jr. 
Captain Lee S. Busch 
Lieutenant H. D. Galiher 

Second Division — 

Colonel Robert L. Moorhead 
Major Will O. Jericho 
Major Brandt Downey 
Captain Louis J. Morgan 
Captain Myron Cosier 

Third Division — 

Colonel Gideon W. Blain 
Major Arthur Robinson 
Major Clarence Martin 
Captain Charles O. Wesbey 
Captain Bertram Kingsbury 

Fourth Division — 

Major Joseph II. Ward 
Major A. H. Wilson 
Major Fred Stokes 
Captain E. Bailey 
Lieutenant J. A. Bryant 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 49 

Fifth Division — 

Major John J. Boaz, M. C. 
Captain Samuel Fletcher 

The Assistant Marshals will report to the Grand 
Marshal at the office of the Quartermaster General at 
1 :00 p. m. on the day of the parade. 

3. Organizations will form at the points indicated 
below, and be ready to move at 1 :30 p. m. The parade 
will move promptly at 2:00 p. m. The Assistant Mar- 
shals will march at the head of their various divisions. 

First Division — 

11th Infantry Band 

Battalion 11th U. S. Infantry 

Form on south side of Washington Street, facing 
east. Head of column about 100 feet west of Capitol 
Avenue. 

Culver Military Band 
Black Horse Troop 

Marshal Foch and Reception Committee (in autos) 
Form on south side of Washington Street, right 
resting on Senate Avenue, facing east. 

Second Division— 

151st Infantry Band, I. N. G. 
151st Infantry, I. N. G. 
Engineers 
Signal Company 

Form on east side of North Senate Avenue, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing south. 

181st Field Artillery Band, I. N. G. 
181st Field Artillery, I. N. G. 
Form on east side of South Senate Avenue, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing north. 

4—20472 



50 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

152d Infantry 

Form on west side of North Senate Avenue, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing south. 

139th Field Artillery 

Purdue Band 

Rainbow Division 

Form on west side of South Senate Avenue, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing north. 

Third Division — 

American Legion Band 

Foreign Service Men (in uniform) 

Form on west side of North Missouri Street, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing south. 

Ladies American Legion Auxiliary 

Ladies A. W. O. L. 

Berry-Copeland Post of ex-Service Nurses 

Form on south side of West Market Street, right 
resting on Missouri Street, facing east. 

Indiana University Band 

Foreign Service Men (not in uniform) 

Form on west side of South Missouri Street, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing north. 

Fourth Division — 

Colored American Legion Band 
Colored American Legion 

Form on south side of Washington Street, right 
resting on Missouri Street, facing east. 

Fifth Division — 

Depauw University Band 

Wounded Soldiers (in autos) 

Form on west side of North Capitol Avenue, right 
resting on Washington Street, facing south. 
4. Headquarters will be established at Capitol Ave- 
nue and Washington Street, and organizations will re- 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 51 

port ready to move as soon as they have taken posi- 
tion. 

5. Line of March: 

Parade moves east on the south side of Washing- 
ton Street to Pennsylvania Street, countermarches 
on north side of Washington Street to Meridian 
Street, north on Meridian Street around west side 
of Circle (%) to East Market Street, east on Mar- 
ket Street to Pennsylvania Street, north on Penn- 
sylvania Street to North Street, east on North 
Street to Delaware Street, north on Delaware 
Street to Sixteenth Street, west on Sixteenth 
Street to Meridian Street, south on Meridian 
Street to New York Street, west on New York 
Street to Senate Avenue, and disband. 

6. The reviewing stand will be at the southwest 
corner of Meridian and Vermont streets. 

By direction of General Harry B. Smith, Grand Mar- 
shal. 

MAJOR MARSHALL T. LEVEY, 

Chief of Staff. 

As the hour of the parade approached, it seemed as 
if the whole State of Indiana were present to partici- 
pate in the event, either to march in review, or to view 
it from the sidelines. In anticipation of the huge 
crowds special precautions had been taken by Alexan- 
der L. Taggart, President of the Board of Public Safe- 
ty, and who had been named as Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Police, by issuing orders demanding that fol- 
lowing the hour of six o'clock a.m., the entire parade 
area would be closed.- No parking or traffic of any de- 
scription was permitted within the restricted zone. 
Special guards were appointed to prevent anyone from 
attempting to enter the restricted area with a vehicle. 




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MARSHAL FOCH DAY 53 

The official order announced that this would be "pedes- 
trian's day", and due to the fact that the line of march 
would extend almost five miles, the crowds were urged 
to distribute themselves along the entire distance. 

Promptly at two o'clock the parade started and the 
different units swung into line of march in honor of the 
great commander that had led them to victory a short 
three years ago. The weather for that day was per- 
fect. The bright blue sky gave the sun a chance to 
beam down on a city and state that had given over a 
day in honor of the greatest hero of modern times. 

In the first automobile rode Marshal Foch, Governor 
McCray, Dr. Carleton B. McCulloch, chairman of the 
executive committee, and Hanford MacNider, National 
Commander of The American Legion. 

In the second car: Mayor Charles W. Jewett, Major 
General George W. Read, General Desticker of the Foch 
party, chief of staff for Marshal Foch since 1914 ; Brig- 
adier General W. D. Connor, U. S. A., attached to the 
Foch party; Alvin B. Roberts of Michigan, chairman 
of the distinguished visitors committee of The Amer- 
ican Legion. 

In the third car: Charles F. Coffin, president of the 
Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce; Charles M. Ber- 
trand of the Foch party, the president of the Inter- 
Allied Veterans' Association; Count de Chambrun, a 
descendent of Lafayette; Franklin D'Olier, ex-national 
commander of the Legion ; Thomas R. Marshall, ex-vice- 
president of the United States, and Samuel M. Ralston, 
ex-governor of Indiana. 

In the fourth car : Samuel D. Miller of the executive 
committee, Major De Mierry of the Foch staff, Colonel 
Frank Parker, United States Army, attached to the 
Foch party as honorary aide to the Marshal; Captain 
L'Hopital, personal aide to Marshal Foch; DeLancy 



54 MARSHAL FoCH DAY 

Kountze, a member of the distinguished visitor's com- 
mittee of the Legion, and Judge Albeit B. Anderson. 

In the fifth car: Robert H. Tyndall, national treas- 
urer of The American Legion and ex-colonel of the 
150th Field Artillery of the Rainbow Division ; Colonel 
Francis Drake, commander of the French department 
of the Legion ; Lieut. De Songeyran of the Foch party ; 
Dr. Andre, personal physician to Marshal Foch; Lemuel 
Bolles, national adjutant of the Legion, and Monsigneur 
Francis II. Gavisk. 

In the sixth car: William A. Ketcham, past grand 
commander of the Grand Army of the Republic ; Robert 
C. Norton ; Mr. Hutchins ; D. W. Montgomery ; and Van 
R. C. King of the National Legion Committee, and 
Marcus S. Sonntag of Evansville, chairman of the Indi- 
ana War Memorial Commission. 

In the seventh car: Ralph A. Lemcke, chairman of 
the committee on decoration ; Thomas Taggart ; John 
J. Wicker; W. W. Smith; Leo A. Stafford; and C. E. 
McCullough of the National Legion Committee. 

In the eighth car: Colonel Bridges, chief of staff of 
the Fifth Army Corps Area; J. M. Loughborough; 
Fred Dickman ; J. F. Garrity and Lieut. Van Den Ecke 
of the Legion Committee; and T. A. Christen, consul 
of France for the Cincinnati district. 

The showing made by the recently organized Indiana 
National Guard, with approximately 4,600 men in line 
of march, was an inspiring sight. Numerous were the 
comments heard regarding the different units. The 
following letter is typical of several similar expressions 
received by Adjutant General Harry B. Smith: 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 55 

HEADQUARTERS FIFTH CORPS AREA 

Fort Benjamin Harrison 
Indiana 

November 10, 1921. 
Hon. Warren T. McCray, 
Governor of Indiana, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Dear Sir: 

I wish to congratulate you upon the splendid ap- 
pearance of the Indiana National Guard at the review 
given to Marshal Foch on November 4th. It is a force 
that the state may well be proud of. 

The excellent condition of the equipment of the Bat- 
tery from Madison showed painstaking care and atten- 
tion and was a subject of much favorable comment. 

Very sincerely, 

G. W. READ, 
Major General, U. S. Army. 

The Battery from Madison referred to in the letter 
was Battery E, 181st Field Artillery, which appeared 
with its full equipment, including 155mm. guns and 
caterpillar tractors. The battery had its equipment in 
the best of order and it brought forth cheers all along 
the line of march. 

Marshal Foch's car was escorted by the famous Black 
Horse Troop from Culver Military Academy, one of the 
picked cavalry troops of the United States. The Cul- 
ver lads with their gray-blue uniforms trimmed in 
black, with saddle blankets of the same color, and their 
drawn sabres flashing in the sunlight, presented a pic- 
ture which will ever be remembered by the thousands 
who lined the streets on that memorable day. 

The showing made by Black Horse Troop from Cul- 
ver Military Academy was one of the outstanding fea- 



56 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

tures of the parade. Marshal Foch was so pleased with 
this unit that he addressed a special letter to Colonel 
Gignilliatt congratulating him upon the equipment and 
bearing of the Culver cadets. Following is a copy of 
the letter: 



'.A HI r HAL F<. 

; : - [921 . 



La I) - i at l'al 

•--•■ - ... try Acad 

. . I do 3 6;' our, ^9 

;' ' _ . lit a 1 . . bra 

- . 

3a I . ina uq Imai toutes 

rr.8 8 . 
1* i- rdial a .-- 

, Mon char L t l'a i- 

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Translation 

November 15, 1921. 
My Dear Colonel : 

The brilliant equipment and bearing of the cadets of 
Culver Military Academy impressed me vividly during 
the stay which I made in Indianapolis on the fourth of 
November last. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 57 

I am desirous of conveying to you my congratulations 
upon this event and of asking you to express to your 
young subordinates my cordial recollection of them. 

Accept, my dear Colonel, the assurance of my best 

wishes. 

(Signed) F. FOCH. 

Presentation of Laurel Wreath to "Miss Indiana" 

When the Marshal's car reached Monument Circle, 
Miss Celine Popp and Miss Katrina Fertig of the Alli- 
ance Francaise stepped from the sidelines with a large 
bouquet of roses. This floral token was presented to 
Marshal Foch in behalf of the Alliance. Arriving at 
the south front of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, 
Marshal Foch's car stopped, and he descended with his 
aide, General Desticker. Here occurred one of the 
most beautiful ceremonies of the day, the presentation 
of a laurel wreath to "Miss Indiana." Marshal Foch 
and his aide slowly ascended the south steps of the 
monument, and as they reached the top of the first 
flight of steps, the Marshal paused and reverently gazed 
upon the towering shaft, the shrine of patriotism for 
Indiana's "Silent Victors." Then with his aide he ap- 
proached "Miss Indiana," represented by Mrs. John 
Harrison Bull, and presented the wreath. The large iron 
gates at the base of the monument swung open, and re- 
ceived "Miss Indiana," bearing this memorable token of 
friendship from our Allied nation. While the ceremony 
was taking place, the chimes on the Christ Church 
played "Lead, Kindly Light," and the thousands who 
lined the sidewalks around Monument Circle stood in 
silent reverence, and renewed their pledge to forever 
stand by our sister republic in fighting for the freedom 
of humanity. The laurel wreath was later placed in a 
special case provided for its safe-keeping, and will be 




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MARSHAL FOCH DAY 59 

viewed by thousands of visitors as a symbol of friend- 
ship between the American and French nations. Mar- 
shal Foch then returned to his official car, and the pa- 
rade proceeded. 

Disabled Veterans 

Amidst the joy and exhilaration that marked the 
passing of the parade, there was one division that 
brought a feeling of sadness to the hearts of the spec- 
tators. This was the sight of the disabled veterans, 
who were given special honors in the parade. It 
seemed that every wounded veteran who was able to 
take part in the parade was present. A special com- 
mittee headed by Mrs. Wilbur F. Johnson, had made 
careful plans for providing all disabled veterans a 
chance to take part in the parade. Some sixty auto- 
mobiles were engaged to transport these heroes. A 
long line of flag-draped cars driven by women dressed 
in the attractive uniform of the Motor Corps drivers, 
filled with men who had suffered wounds or contracted 
illness from which they had failed to recover after a 
period of three years passed in review. Generous indeed 
were the cheers given to these battle-scarred veterans. 
Although bearing the marks of the field of battle, or the 
devastation of disease, their pride was not humbled and 
their spirit mingled with the happy prayers of rejoicing 
that went up from thousands of hearts. 

The committee in charge of providing cars for the 
disabled veterans consisted of: 

Mrs. Wilbur Johnson, Chairman; Mrs. Stuart 
Dean ; Mrs. Russell Fortune ; Mrs. T. B. Hamilton ; 
Mrs. Robert Hassler; Mrs. E. C. Henderson; Mrs. 
L. B. Hopkins; Miss Margaret McCulloch; Mrs. 
Chauncey DeWitt Meier; Mrs. Charles E. Millard; 




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MARSHAL FOCH DAY 61 

Mrs. F. E. Moskovics; Mrs. Nicholas Noyes; Mrs. 
Richard Smitheram, and Mrs. Gordon Tanner. 

Automobile Drivers 

A. Mrs. F. L. Allen, and Miss Mable Ayres. 

B. Mrs. H. H. Brooks. 

C. Miss Helen Caperton; Mrs. G. H. A. Clowes; Miss 
Elizabeth Clune ; Miss Carolyn Coffin ; Mrs. Albert 
M. Cole, and Miss Mildred Conklin. 

D. Miss Dorothy Darmody. 

E. Mrs. A. W. Early. 

F. Miss L. Feeney; Mrs. J. W. Fesler; Miss Marjorie 
Fisher, and Mrs. H. R. Fitton. 

G. Mrs. Jack Gould. 

H. Miss Virginia Hall; Mrs. R. H. Hassler; Miss 
Amelia Henderson; Mrs. C. E. Henderson; Miss 
Dorothy Herd; Mrs. G. E. Home; Miss Beulah 
House, and Miss Ethel Hutchinson. 

J. Mrs. Wilbur Johnson. 

K. Mrs. J. L. Kalleen; Mrs. Robert Kendrick; Miss 
Pearl Kiefer; Mrs. Lucien King, and Mrs. E. L. 
Kruse. 

L. Miss Sara Lauter. 

M. Mrs. H. B. McColley; Miss Margaret McCulloch; 
Miss Lillian McMurray ; Mrs. Charles Millard ; Mrs. 
F. E. Moskovics, and Mrs. J. F. Mover. 

N. Mrs. Nicholas H. Noyes. 

0. Mrs. Warren Oakes. 

P. Mrs. P. T. Payne, and Mrs. H. L. Peterson. 

R. Mrs. G. A. Ramsdell, and Mrs. William M. Rock- 
wood. 

S. Miss Ruth Sheerin ; Mrs. Thomas Sheerin ; Mrs. F. 
Z. Sherer; Mrs. Richard Sinclair; Mrs. R. W. 
Smitheram, and Mrs. Samuel Sutphin. 





COBURN 

Picture of Marshal Foch with his aide presenting the Laurel Wreath to "Miss Indiana" 

(Mrs. John H. Bull). 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 63 

T. Mrs. Gordon Tanner; Mrs. Donald Test; Miss Dor- 
othy Test; Mrs. Skiles Test, and Mrs. Robert H. 
Tyndall. 

V. Miss Rosamond Van Camp ; Mrs. Anton Vonnegut, 
and Mrs. C. F. Voyles. 

W. Mrs. A. L. Walters, and Mrs. Douglas Wheeler. 

Relief Cars 

W. H. Biddlecomb; Stuart Dean; A. Kuiker; H. 
B. McNeeley, Jr. ; A. B. Prouty, and H. M. Winter- 
ing-ham. 



L to J 



The following men from the U. S. Veterans' Bureau 
assisted in recruiting and gathering up the disabled 
veterans : 

William P. Snethen, Chairman ; John H. Ale ; Dr. 
Charles Bayer ; Dr. John Hoffman ; Dr. Charles W. 
Myers; Dr. Melville Ross, and Dr. Carroll Tucker. 

The "Living Red Cross" 

Another beautiful feature of the parade was the 
"Living Red Cross." On the north side of the Soldiers' 
and Sailors' Monument a white field represented by a 
white canvas had been prepared, and under the direc- 
tion of Mr. William Fortune, Chairman of the Indian- 
apolis Chapter of the American Red Cross, and Miss 
Agnes F. Cruse, Secretary, four hundred Indianapolis 
women, wearing red head-dress and scarfs, were massed 
in the form of the symbol of the Red Cross. As the 
slanting rays of the November sun shown down upon 
the brilliant red, contrasted against a field of white it 
presented one of the most beautiful pictures of the 
entire day. 

A list of those who took part in the formation of 
the "Living Red Cross" is herewith included: 



64 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

Mrs. Hugh McGibeny, Chairman 

Section No. 1 — 

Miss Martha Carey, Captain 
Lieutenants: Mrs. William II. Coleman 

Mrs. Howard Gay 
Mrs. Walter Mayer 
Mrs. Fred Sims 
Mrs. Clarence Strickland 
Mrs. Frank G. Wood 

Section No. 2 — 

Miss Natalie Brush, Captain 
Lieutenants: Miss Jane Ridgely 

Mrs. Theodore Stein, Jr. 
Mrs. Henry Talbott 
Miss Emma Vahle 

Section No. 3 — 

Mrs. Wolf Sussman, Captain 
Lieutenants: Mrs. W. H. Blodgett 

Mrs. J. Albert Bristow 
Mrs. A. B. Conkle 
Miss Frances B. Eichman 
Mrs. C. H. Jose 
Mrs. LeRoy Kahler 
Mrs. J. C. Riddle 
Miss Alma Sickler 
Mrs. Charles R. Sowder 
Mrs. George Traugott 
Mrs. Louis Wolf 

Section No. 4 — 

Mrs. C. J. Roach, Captain 
Lieutenants: Mrs. Wilbur Dark 

Mrs. Harry W. Griffith 

Mrs. Fred Hoke 

Mrs. Ralph Kennington 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 65 

Mrs. James Taylor 

Mrs. Stanley M. Timberlake 

Mrs. Frank Wood 
Section No. 5 — 

Mrs. Herbert T. Wagner, Captain 
Lieutenants: Mrs. W. J. Beckett 

Mrs. J. E. Florea 

Mrs. Kin Hubbard 

Miss Charlotte Lesh 

Mrs. Gavin Payne 

Mrs. S. E. Perkins 

Mrs. P. C. Rubush 

A. Mrs. Robert P. Alexander ; Mrs. Sam Ashby ; Miss 
Sarah Ashby; Miss Merrill Ashley; Mrs. Sarah 
Avery; Mrs. Otto D. Axline; Mrs. A. S. Ayres, and 
Mrs. Fred M. Ayres. 

B. Mrs. F. J. Bagley; Miss Julia Bailey; Mrs. P. B. 
Bailey; Mrs. A. M. Baker; Mrs. J. T. Baker; Mrs. 
U. G. Baker; Mrs. E. Bamberger; Mrs. W. D. 
Bancker ; Mrs. J. F. Barnhill ; Miss May Barr ; Mrs. 
W. E. Barton; Mrs. Charles F. Bayer; Miss Edith 
Becker; Mrs. J. R. Beckett; Mrs. A. L. Benson; 
Mrs. Frank Berlin ; Miss Addy Birch ; Mrs. W. H. 
Blodgett ; Mrs. Charles Bookwalter ; Mrs. F. Born ; 
Mrs. Isaac Born; Miss Nell Bracken; Miss Mar- 
garet Braun; Mrs. Francis Brickley; Miss Julia 
Brink; Mrs. J. A. Bristow; Miss Anna Broch- 
hausen ; Mrs. Austin Brown ; Mrs. William Brown ; 
Mrs. William J. Brown; Mrs. J. T. Brush; Miss 
Natalie Brush; Mrs. Albert Burdilf; Mrs. E. L. 
Burnett, and Miss Emma Byfield. 

C. Mrs. E. A. Cahill; Mrs. John N. Carey; Miss 
Martha Carey; Mrs. Alvin Carpenter; Mrs. D. B. 
Carter; Mrs. Jackson Carter; Miss Lucile Carter; 
Miss Ada Case; Mrs. George Catterson; Mrs. A. 

5—20472 







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MARSHAL FOCH DAY 67 

B. Chapman; Mrs. Walter Child; Miss Sue Chip- 
man; Mrs. Henry Churchman; Mrs. A. J. Clark; 
Mrs. Edwin Clark; Mrs. Benjamin Claypool; Miss 
Mildred Clearwater; Miss Catherine Coburn; Mrs. 
Albert W. Coffin; Mrs. Charles Coffin; Miss Flor- 
ence Coffin; Miss Belle Cohn; Mrs. W. H. Cole- 
man ; Mrs. George Combs ; Mrs. A. B. Conkle ; Mrs. 
John Connor; Mrs. George Conover; Mrs. Louis 
Corcoran; Mrs. E. L. Cothrell; Miss Zelma Cray- 
bill; Mrs. M. Creasy; Mrs. H. A. Crossland; Miss 
Agnes Cruse ; Miss Helen Cruse, and Mrs. Warren 
Curry. 

D. Mrs. E. T. Daab; Mrs. Wilbur Dark; Mrs. James 
P. Darnell; Mrs. Charles Davidson; Miss May 
Davis; Mrs. Thomas W. Demmerly; Miss Eleanor 
Dickson; Miss Harriet Dithmer; Mrs. Samuel 
Dowden ; Mrs. Charles Dryer ; Mrs. F. M. Dunning, 
and Mrs. H. B. Durberrow. 

E. Miss Minnie Eck; Mrs. Louis Efroymson; Miss 
Frances Eichman; Mrs. F. E. Ellis; Mrs. J. B. 
Elstun; Mrs. Edwin Embich; Mrs. W. A. Esch- 
bach; Miss D. Eufey; Miss Edith Evans; Miss 
Margaret Evans, and Mrs. William Everly. 

F. Mrs. Richard Fairbanks; Mrs. Thomas Farrell; 
Mrs. C. E. Ferrell; Mrs. Morris M. Feuerlicht ; Miss 
Julia Fish; Mrs. John Fishback; Mrs. C. B. 
Fletcher; Mrs. E. E. Fletcher; Mrs. Jesse Fletcher; 
Mrs. J. E. Florea; Mrs. David Fox; Mrs. Joseph 
M. Francis, and Mrs. M. E. French. 

G. Mrs. Charlotte Gall; Mrs. H. 0. Garman; Mrs. 
Frank Garstang; Mrs. Reginald Garstang; Mrs. 
Gerald Gates; Mrs. W. B. Gates; Mrs. Zola 
Gaumer; Mrs. Clifford Gay; Mrs. George Gay; 
Mrs. Howard Gay; Mrs. Pierce Gay; Mrs. George 
A. Geise; Mrs. Walter Geisel; Mrs. Carl Gibbs; 



<;s MARSHAL FOCH PAY 

Mrs. L. Godman ; Mrs. L. Goldsmith; Mrs. II. D. 
Goode; Mrs. J. F. Goodwin; Mrs. G. \V. Gordon; 
Mrs. John S. Gordon; Mrs. Jack Gould; Mrs. M. L. 
Gould; Miss Daisy Graffty; Mrs. Agnes F. Gran- 
nis; Mrs. E. C. Gray; Mrs. Myron It. Green; Mrs. 
Walter Green; Miss. Doris Greeson ; Mrs. F. F. 
Gregory; Miss Anna Louise Griffith; Mrs. Harry 
Griffith; Mrs. William Griffith, and Mrs. Harry 
< [rimes. 

II. Miss Edna Haddath ; Mrs. H. II. Hadley; Mrs. 
Frank Haight ; Mrs. Charles Hall ; Mrs. Lawrence 
Halstead; Mrs. Harry Hammond; Mrs. Carrie M. 
Handy; Mrs. C. H. Hardy; Mrs. Edward Harmon; 
Mrs. Warren C. Harrell ; Miss Gladys Hartman ; 
Miss Laura Hartman ; Mrs. Otto F. Haueisen ; Mrs. 
Don P. Hawkins; Miss Marie Hawekotte; Miss 
Virginia Hayes; Miss Hattie Haymann ; Mrs. Paul 
Haynes ; Mrs. W. H. Hayward ; Miss Jessie Heath ; 
Mrs. W. L. Heiskell; Mrs. Fred Helk; Mrs. John 
Hendricks; Mrs. E. G. Hereth; Mrs. Harriett 
Hereth; Mrs. Don Herrold; Mrs. H. B. Hey wood ; 
Miss Iona Hirsch ; Mrs. E. L. Hitch ; Mrs. Cushman 
Hoke; Miss Alice Ilolliday; Mrs. Frederick Ilolli- 
day ; Miss Lucy Ilolliday; Mrs. W. J. Ilolliday, Jr. ; 
Miss Elizabeth Horner; Mrs. Arnold Houser; Mrs. 
Kin Hubbard; Mrs. W. J. Hubbard; Mrs. Henry 
Huder; Mrs. E. O. Hunter, and Mrs. J. N. Hurty. 

J. Mrs. H. Jacobs ; Mrs. Rosina Jacobs ; Miss Marie 
Jensen; Mrs. John B. Johnson; Mrs. Richard 0. 
Johnson ; Mrs. Russell Johnson ; Miss Helen John- 
ston, and Mrs. C. H. Jose. 

K. Miss Sara Frances Kackley ; Mrs. LeRoy Kahler; 
Mrs. David Kahn ; Mrs. Henry Kahn; Mrs. Ella H. 
Kalley; Miss June Keefauvre; Mrs. E. A. Kemp; 
Mrs. W. II. Kennedy; Mrs. Ralph Kennington; 
Mrs. Henry Ketcham; Mrs. Ray Kibler; Mrs. Ed- 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 69 

son Kidder; Mrs. Irving King; Mrs. G. S. King- 
ston ; Miss Jessie Klingman ; Mrs. Ernest Kneffler ; 
Miss Arda Knox; Mrs. Will Kortepeter, and Mrs. 
Ernest Krutsch. 

L. Miss Elizabeth Lair; Mrs. Hugh McK. Landon; 
Mrs. Austin Laycock; Miss Mary Laycock; Mrs. 
Edward Legg; Mrs. Guy Lemon; Mrs. Charles P. 
Lesh ; Miss Charlotte Lesh ; Miss Helen Lesh ; Mrs. 
P. W. Lesh; Mrs. Louis Levey; Mrs. Marshal 
Levey; Mrs. R. Levi; Mrs. A. L. Lockridge; Miss 
Ethel Lomasney; Mrs. Leo Lowey; Mrs. 0. C. 
Lukinbill; Mrs. David Lurvey, and Mrs. C. R. 
Lydick. 

M. Mrs. R. 0. McAlexander; Mrs. Bert McBride; Mrs. 
Fred McCarthy; Mrs. E. H. K. McComb; Mrs. F. 
W. McDougall; Miss Katherine McNamara; Mrs. 
M. H. K. Malone; Mrs. C. M. Malott; Mrs. Frank 
Malott; Mrs. H. A. Mansfield; Mrs. L. A. Mans- 
field ; Mrs. Walter Marmon ; Mrs. Val Martin ; Mrs. 
J. L. Mason; Mrs. 0. C. Maurer; Mrs. Bruce Max- 
well ; Mrs. S. Mayer ; Mrs. Walter R. Mayer ; Mrs. 
C. W. Meinsinger; Mrs. R. L. Mellett; Mrs. J. C. 
Mendenhall ; Miss Marian Messick ; Mrs. B. Meyer ; 
Mrs. Claude Miller; Mrs. H. D. Miller; Mrs. Wil- 
liam W. Miller; Mrs. Robert Milliken; Miss Anna 
Mock; Mrs. Hazel Moore; Mrs. H. M. Moore; Mrs. 
J. M. Moores; Mrs. J. M. Moorland; Mrs. Owen 
Mothershead ; Mrs. B. Moyer ; Miss Emma Mullen ; 
Miss Kate Murphy; Mrs. Theodore Myers, and 
Mrs. W. A. Myers. 

N. Miss Mary Neil; Mrs. J. B. Nelson; Mrs. Laura 
Neu; Mrs. J. H. Nicholas; Mrs. Charles Nichols; 
Mrs. Clarence Nicols, and Mrs. James Noel. 

O. Mrs. George O'Connor; Mrs. G. S. O'Connor; Mrs. 
M. M. O'Connor; Mrs. Harry Ohr, and Mrs. W. H. 
Orchett. 



70 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

P. Mrs. E. E. Padgett; Mrs. E. R. G. Parker; Miss 
Frances Parsons; Mis. Gavin Payne; Mis. Charles 
Pearce; Miss Carrie Perkins; Mrs. S. E. Perkins; 
Mis. Norman Perry; Mrs. John Pfaff; Mrs. 0. G. 
Pfaff; Mrs. Walter Pfaff ; Mrs. I. J. Price, and Mrs. 
O. M. Pruitt. 

R. Miss Olive Radian ; Mrs. Oren Ragsdale ; Miss Ruth 
May Railsback; Mrs. Robert Ramsey; Mrs. Frank 
Randall; Miss Lorena Ray; Mrs. Henry I. Ray- 
mond; Miss Lillian Reeves; Mrs. Lilly Reeves; 
Mrs. A. Renard ; Miss Laura Reynolds ; Mrs. J. V. 
Richardson; Mrs. T. A. Richardson; Mrs. Charles 
Riddel; Mrs. J. C. Riddle; Miss Jane Ridgeley; 
Miss Lollie Ringgold; Mrs. Claude Ritchie; Mrs. 
Clyde J. Roach; Mrs. James Roberts; Mrs. E. J. 
Robinson; Mrs. George Ross; Mrs. P. C. Rubush ; 
Mrs. E. Runkle; Mrs. I. E. Rush; Miss Magenta 
Ryan, and Mrs. Chester A. Ryker. 

S. Mrs. L. Sagalowsky ; Mrs. J. Sampson ; Mrs. G. M. 
Sanborn; Mrs. Charles Schaff; Mrs. Bloor Schlep- 
py ; Mrs. Eli Schloss ; Mrs. Sarah Schmidt ; Mrs. G. 
II. Schmoe; Mrs. Fred Schortemeier ; Mrs. Edwin 
Schuler; Mrs. M. Scott; Mrs. S. Sebel; Miss Sayde 
Sebel ; Mrs. E. S. Severin ; Miss Anna Sharp ; Mrs. 
M. V. Sharritts; Miss Florence Shearer; Mrs. H. 
C. H. Shearman ; Miss Margaret Shipp ; Miss Grace 
Shirley; Mrs. Marion Shreeve; Mrs. Julia Shub- 
rick; Mrs. G. Shuler; Miss Alma Sickler; Mrs. 
Fred Sims ; Mrs. Elmer Singer ; Mrs. J. R. Smith ; 
Mrs. W. C. Smith ; Mrs. C. R. Sowders ; Mrs. Elmer 
E. Spenner; Miss Helen Spring; Mrs. Guy Stay- 
man; Mrs. Theodore Stein; Mrs. Robert Stephen- 
son; Mrs. T. B. Stevenson; Miss Jean Stewart; 
Miss Mae Strawn; Mrs. J. Street; Mrs. Clarence 
Strickland; Miss Vay Stringer; Mrs. A. L. Stubbs; 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 71 

Mrs. Thomas Stucky; Mrs. Daniel Sullivan, and 

Mrs. Wolf Sussman. 
T. Mrs. Henry M. Talbott ; Miss Florence Taylor ; Mrs. 

Franklin Taylor; Mrs. James Taylor; Miss Nell 

Taylor; Mrs. W. L. Taylor; Mrs. Stanley M. 

Timberlake; Mrs. W. Tomlinson; Mrs. Charles 

Trotter; Mrs. C. D. Trowbridge; Mrs. Charles 

Turner, and Mrs. Robert Tyler. 
U. Mrs. Albert Uhl. 
V. Miss Emma Vahle; Mrs. R. P. Van Camp; Miss 

Josephine Vestal; Mrs. Almus Vinton, and Mrs. 

Edward Vonburg. 
W. Miss Flora Wachstetter; Miss Coradell Wade; 

Miss Eva Waggoner; Miss Nell Wadley; Mrs. 

Herbert T. Wagner; Mrs. Hattie Wanglin; Mrs. 0. 

L. Watkins ; Miss Joy Weer ; Mrs. W. A. Welden ; 

Mrs. C. R. Wellover; Miss Christine Wente; Mrs. 

C. E. Wesbey; Mrs. Cora Young Wiles; Mrs. 

Lavina Williams; Mrs. Myron Williams; Mrs. 

Arthur Wills; Miss Mary Winter; Mrs. Charles 

Woerner; Mrs. Louis Wolf; Mrs. Charles Wood; 

Mrs. E. M. Wood; Mrs. F. G. Wood; Mrs. Grace 

Wood ; Mrs. Horace Wood ; Mrs. Benjamin Wright ; 

Mrs. P. F. Wright, and Mrs. Isador Wulfson. 
Y. Mrs. Fred Young. 
Z. Mrs. Shaffer Ziegler. 

Reviewing Stand 

After the advance guard of the parade had made its 
way through the roped-off, flag-draped streets, and 
had reached the reviewing stand located at the corner 
of Vermont and Meridian streets, Marshal Foch and his 
party left their cars and took their places in the stand. 
As the Marshal climbed into the box reserved for him, 
he acknowledged the shouts of the admiring thousands 




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MARSHAL FOCH DAY 73 

of people near enough to recognize him. To his left sat 
Governor McCray, while to his right sat his inter- 
preter, Sir Francis Drake. Grouped about Marshal 
Foch were General Desticker, Captain L'Hopital, 
Lieut. DeSongeyran, Lieut. Van Den Ecke of his own 
party; Major General George Read, commanding 5th 
Army Corps of United States at Fort Benjamin Harri- 
son, Colonel L. R. Gignilliatt of Culver Military Acad- 
emy, Colonel John B. Reynolds, secretary of the Indian- 
apolis Chamber of Commerce ; ex-vice-president Thom- 
as R. Marshall, Dr. C. B. McCulloch, and other mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee. 

As the various organizations passed the reviewing 
stand, the distinguished visitor manifested the keen- 
est delight in exchanging greetings and salutes. A re- 
porter on one of the local papers related in his happy 
manner some of the events that occurred. "When the 
Purdue University Band passed, playing the war songs, 
'Over There' was recognized by the Marshal and his 
face lighted up like a school boy. 

" That is a favorite,' he said to Governor McCray. 

"A battery of newspaper photographers ranged up 
in front of the box and aimed their cameras at the 
Marshal, and the famous smile that won a war flashed 
as he said: 

" 'Voila, there are many of the press gentlemen.' 
The cameras clicked and he settled back in his position. 

"As the National Guard of Indiana swung into view, 
the Marshal turned to Mr. Drake and said: 

" 'These are the fellows who made a great American 
army, and look so young.' Mr. Drake told him that 
the guard had been reenlisted and was not fully drilled. 
The Marshal laughed and said: 

" Tt does not take them long to learn, they are husky 
fellows.' He then asked about the number of men In- 




Reviewing Stand: Governor Mc( Yay, Man-dial Koch, Ilanford .MaeXidcr, National 

Commander American Legion. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 75 

diana sent to the World War and seemed surprised 
when told. 

"One disabled soldier leaning out of the automobile 
window with a camera snapped a picture of the Mar- 
shal. The Marshal obliged him with one of his smiles 
and the ex-soldier came to a snappy salute. 

"Several incidents noticeable only to soldiers who 
had served in the A. E. F. brought laughter, as the pa- 
rade was passing the reviewing stand. One officer evi- 
dently not up to the mark on the question of salutes, 
brought his hand smartly to his cap with his hand in 
the position as used by the French army and was re- 
warded by a salute from the Marshal and his staff. 

"When the naval men came abreast of the stand and 
the band played a popular marine air, Marshal Foch 
exclaimed, 'Ah! it is the men of the navy, how well 
they look.' Two flanks of naval officers dressed in full 
uniform saluted and the return was an applaud from 
the Marshal." 




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DEDICATION OF CORNER STONE FOR THE 
AMERICAN LEGION BUILDING 

Perhaps the most impressive ceremony of Marshal 
Foch's visit to Indianapolis was the dedication of the 
stone that is to become the corner stone of Indiana's 
War Memorial Building;, the home of the National 
Headquarters of The American Legion. This special 
stone was once a part of a bridge over the Marne River 
at Chateau Thierry, where the American troops made 
their first determined stand against the enemy in July, 
1918. The people of France presented this historic 
stone to The American Legion to be used as the corner 
stone for its National Headquarters Building. The 
ceremony which occurred shortly after four o'clock, 
took place on the west half of University Park; the 
ground being a part of the World War Memorial Plaza 
site, in which the War Memorial Building is to be 
erected. Claude E. Gregg, State Commander of The 
American Legion, Indiana Department, presided. As 
the party mounted the stand, the American Legion 
Band played the Marseillaise, after which Bishop 
Joseph M. Francis of the Indianapolis Episcopal 
Diocese offered prayer. Governor McCray then of- 
ficially presented the ground to the Indiana War Memo- 
rial Commission, as the site of the National Headquar- 
ters of The American Legion. In presenting the 
grounds, the Governor spoke as follows : 

"We have met here today to deliver this ground 
to the Indiana Memorial Association, for the pur- 
pose of erecting thereon a memorial building to 
commemorate the valor and patriotic fervor of 
those heroic men who responded so nobly to our 
nation's call in the World War. 

"The State of Indiana, the county of Marion and 

(77) 



78 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

the city of Indianapolis, have made it possible to 
erect upon this site a building which is to be a 
constant reminder of the debt of gratitude we owe 
to the men who so grandly upheld the state's repu- 
tation for loyalty during the world's greatest 
crisis. 

"However magnificent and enduring the struc- 
ture to be erected upon this spot it can not ade- 
quately express the feeling that the citizens of In- 
diana cherish for the brave men in whose name the 
building will be built and to whose memory it will 
be dedicated. In architecture it should be in keep- 
ing with the spirit of those brave defenders who 
sublimely offered their services without display or 
pomp, but with that solemnity and determination 
which denoted perfect allegiance and lofty devo- 
tion to the principles and ideals upon which this 
nation was founded. 

"It will be the execution of a beautiful thought 
that the corner stone of this wonderful monument 
erected to memorialize the sacrifice and gallantry 
of our young soldiers be taken from the Marne 
Bridge at Chateau-Thierry, where the imperishable 
glory of American valor was written into everlast- 
ing history. 

"It is particularly fitting that this historic cere- 
mony take place in the honored presence of Mar- 
shal Foch, commander-in-chief of the allied forces, 
whose military skill and genius in directing his 
command brought victory to the cause of human- 
ity and the restoration of justice and liberty. 

"It should be a matter of congratulation to In- 
diana that one of the uses to which this building- 
will be appropriated is for the permanent home of 
The American Legion. The influence of having 
the headquarters of this great organization estab- 




Corner stone to be used in the American Legion Na- 
tional Headquarters Building, officially dedicated by 
Marshal Foch, November 4, 1921. Translation of in- 
scription reads : 

'The stone from the ancient 
bridge of Chateau Thierry which 
the French engineers destroyed 
on June 1, 1918. The American 
machine gunners of the 3d 
division played a part as active 
as it was glorious in defending 
the passage of the bridge and 
repulsing all the attacks of the 
Germans who were trying to cross 
the Marne." 

'Chateau Thierry, August 17, 1920." 



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80 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

lished and housed in our state will insure that the 
fires of patriotism will forever burn brightly and 
that the loyalty of our citizens as demonstrated in 
the past, can he confidently depended upon in the 
future. 

"May the building which we see in vision today 
become a reality of tomorrow. May it be erected 
and maintained with the full realization of the 
sacredness of the purpose for which it will be de- 
signed and the cause to which it will be conse- 
crated." 

Following the Governor's address, Hanford Mac- 
Nider, national commander of The American Legion ac- 
cepted the gift in the name of the National Organiza- 
tion. 

In responding to Governor McCray's address he said : 

"As the representative of the ex-service men of 
The American Legion, and on behalf of the Legion 
and the citizens of Indianapolis and Indiana, I ac- 
cept the ground for the plaza as a concrete expres- 
sion of the high approval of Indiana for the splen- 
did men to whom it is dedicated. 

"It is a magnificent tribute from the state made 
as an expression of regard for the achievement of 
those men. We are glad that the Legion is on 
your heart and it will help us to grow if you have 
faith in what we are doing. The inspiration which 
we brought back with us from the great war was 
engendered by the man who is our guest today. 
It has developed a spirit of service we hope by as- 
sociation in the Legion to keep alive. We owe it 
to the men who did not return to keep up that 
spirit if we can do so. If we do so, no man need 
fear for the future of America. The American 
Legion is gratified with this gift." 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 81 

Franklin D'Olier, past national commander of The 
American Legion then dedicated the ground, and spoke 
as follows: 

"In the name of The American Legion I now 
dedicate this Memorial plaza. I dedicate it to the 
memory of those who fell in the service of their 
country by land and by sea. Their lives are glori- 
ous before us; their deeds are an inspiration. As 
they served America in time of war, yielding their 
last full measure of devotion, may we serve Amer- 
ica in time of peace, so living that justice, freedom 
and democracy may endure forever. 

"I dedicate this Memorial plaza to them and 
with it I dedicate The American Legion to the 
eternal service of our country and the preserva- 
tion of their heroic memory." 

Marcus S. Sonntag of Evansville, Chairman of the 
War Memorial Commission, then lowered the corner 
stone to its place. Following the placing of the stone, 
Commander Claude E. Gregg then introduced Marshal 
Foch. He spoke briefly. His words spoken in French 
were immediately translated into English: 

"I am very much pleased at having this great 
honor of having to speak at the dedication of The 
American Legion ceremony. It is an honor for 
me to commemorate the souls of those who were 
at Chateau Thierry, and those who are here now 
and were at Chateau Thierry. It is a great credit 
to the American soldier for what he did there. 
Citizens of America, I greet thee." 

When the Marshal had concluded his remarks the 
American Legion Band struck up the "Star Spangled 
Banner," after which the Rev. Earl Blackman, National 
Chaplain of The American Legion pronounced the bene- 
diction. 

6-20472 




Church Pillar from the Cathedral in Belleau. The .-tone was carved in the 16th 
crntury. Presented to the American Legion in 1921 by the citizens of Belleau. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 83 

A church pillar from the Cathedral in the shell-torn 
town of Belleau, France, was used as the altar for the 
dedication exercises. This historic pillar was given to 
The American Legion party on their visit to Belleau 
in 1921, by the citizens of that city. It was taken 
from the pulpit of the Cathedral and was carved in the 
16th Century. Also there was displayed on the easel 
from which the corner stone was lowered a silk French 
flag, which had been presented to The American Legion 
by the citizens of Rouen. Both the flag and the church 
pillar are to be used in the National Headquarters 
Building of The American Legion. 

Visit to National Headquarters of The American 

Legion 

Immediately following the close of the ceremonies at 
the dedication of the corner stone for The American 
Legion Building, Marshal Foch was taken to the Na- 
tional Headquarters of The American Legion, located 
in the Meridian Life Building. The Marshal appeared 
to be greatly interested in the details of handling the 
work of the National organization of World War vet- 
erans. He seemed particularly interested in learning 
how the National organization kept in touch with its 
local units, and inquired as to the cost involved in con- 
ducting the affairs of the National Headquarters. The 
only ceremony that occurred during his visit to the of- 
fices of the National Headquarters, was the presenta- 
tion of a pair of gold cuff links, the gift of The Amer- 
ican Legion staff to Marshal Foch. The presentation 
was made by Hanford MacNider, National Commander, 
in the presence of all officers connected with the Na- 
tional Headquarters. After a brief visit which did not 
last more than ten or twelve minutes, Marshal Foch 
and his party returned to their automobiles and were 
immediately taken to the Claypool Hotel where a ban- 
quet was given in his honor. 




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THE BANQUET AT THE CLAYPOOL HOTEL 

The formal banquet given in honor of Marshal Foch 
took place at 6:30 o'clock in the famous Riley Room of 
the Claypool Hotel. Approximately 500 persons had 
made reservations, and participated in the only formal 
event held in his honor. As the Marshal entered the 
room, headed by a group of secret service men and de- 
tectives, and escorted by a group of uniformed police- 
men, the guests arose en masse, and a prolonged cheer- 
ing greeted him. A much greater demonstration was 
accorded him however, when he was introduced by Dr. 
Carleton B. McCulloch, and when he responded with a 
brief speech in defense of France and the cause for 
which she and the allied nations had recently fought. 

The banquet was a most brilliant affair. The Riley 
Room was elaborately decorated with the tri-color of 
France and the American flag. Seated at the speak- 
ers' table with Marshal Foch were Dr. Carleton B. Mc- 
Culloch; Major General George W. Read; ex-vice Pres- 
ident Thomas R. Marshall; Colonel Frank Parker; 
Governor Warren T. McCray; Charles M. Bertrand, 
member of the French Chamber of Deputies and Presi- 
dent of the Inter-allied Veterans' Association; Count 
de Chambrun; General Desticker; General W. D. Con- 
nor, U. S. A.; Major Demierry; Dr. Paul Andre, the 
personal physician of Marshal Foch; Mayor Charles 
W. Jewett, and Charles F. Coffin, President of the In- 
dianapolis Chamber of Commerce. 

In introducing Charles M. Bertrand, President of the 
Union Nationale of ex-service men of France, and the 
Inter-allied Veterans' Association, with which The 
American Legion is affiliated, Dr. McCulloch told how 
Monsieur Bertrand had entered the war with twenty- 
seven officers and three thousand men in his regiment, 

(85) 



86 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

and how at the close only one officer was left, and the 
regiment had been refilled thirty time Al. Bertrand 
made a brief reply. 

Charles F. Coffin, President of the Indianapolis 
Chamber of Commerce was next called on, and paid 
tribute to the distinguished visitor, and particularly 
to the manner in which he had conducted the cam- 
paigns of the allied armies under his command. 

"March 26, 1918," he said, "is a date indelibly 
written upon the pages of American and European 
history. It was not easily written. It required 
three hard years, the surrender of many preju- 
dices, and the loss of millions of lives to write it. 
That date has sunk into the hearts of every man. 
It was on that day that General Foch, now Marshal 
of France, became Commander of all of the allied 
armies. The spring of 1918 did not open auspi- 
ciously for the Allies, since the Germans had pre- 
pared for an assault which they believed would 
overthrow the allied armies and end the war vic- 
toriously for them. America remembers with 
pride that two days after Marshal Foch assumed 
command, General Pershing visited him, and an- 
nounced that the American people regarded it as 
a great honor for their troops to fight under his 
command. Marshal Foch brought with him tal- 
ents that lank him with the greatest military men 
of any age. He employed these talents, not to 
place a royal diadem on his brow, but to destroy 
forever the brutal and selfish assumption that 
'right makes might,' and for the perpetuation of 
liberty under law." 

At the conclusion of Mr. Coffin's talk, the 500 
men and women were on their feet waving the tri- 
color of France, and shouting the praises of their 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 87 

guest. When he arose to reply to the welcome, the 
Marshal appeared to be greatly touched by the tribute. 
After a short pause he began to speak and his words, 
spoken in French, were interpreted by Colonel Frank 
Parker, U. S. A. : 

"It would be exceedingly difficult for me to re- 
ply properly to the complimentary words ad- 
dressed to me tonight. Likewise it would be ex- 
ceedingly remiss on my part were I not to make 
an effort to give an answer and to express my ap- 
preciation for the reception I have received in your 
city. 

"On the faces of all whom I have seen in every 
direction, I feel that I have seen what we all 
wished to accomplish — victory. And all the while 
I have kept in mind the great sacrifices this great 
state has made in the war. Three hundred thou- 
sand men, 1 and a vast quantity of arms and ma- 
terials — by all this she has shown she wished to 
have the victory, must have it at any price. It is 
the same principle that was later applied on the 
wholesale for the entire American army in France. 
That army was determined to have the victory at 
any price. Particularly when General Pershing 
came to me on the 28th of March and said to me 
that his troops were at my disposal. This deter- 
mination of the populace at home, of the army on 
the field, well laid out for us our duty. In the 
presence of this invincible energy, the chiefs had 
a very clear road laid out for them. 

"I can never then make it too clear that victory 
came from the universal and homogeneous inten- 
tion to conquer. If we have conquered, don't sup- 



1 These figures are incorrect; Indiana had approximately 
128,000 men in service in the World War. — Editor. 



88 MARSHAL FOCH I>\) 

pose for an instant that we are drunk with victory, 
[f we made war, it was but with a view to peace. 
War is a means and peace is the end to be ac- 
complished. 

"I have seen, while in command of the allied 
armies, millions of young men of promise. In the 
presence of this, can anyone be beside himself to 
believe that there is any efficacy in war, otherwise 
than a means to peace? 

''France did not want war in 191-1. No one can 
want war today. Every one today desires peace. 
We won the war, it is now for us to maintain the 
peace, and if we desire the formula for that, it is 
the same as for winning the war. Union for just 
peace, and a lasting peace, and in this union, of 
force, I invite and call you all, a union for liberty 
and humanity." 



MASS MEETING 

The climax of the day's program was the mass meet- 
ing held in the Cadle Tabernacle. For two hours be- 
fore the meeting was scheduled to begin, crowds began 
to move toward the Tabernacle, and by six o'clock, an 
hour before the doors were opened, thousands of peo- 
ple were crowded about the entrances. When the 
doors were finally opened, scarcely three minutes had 
passed until the immense Tabernacle was filled, and the 
crowds began to collect at all the doorways and en- 
trances. More than twelve thousand persons forced 
their way into the building, while the newspapers re- 
ported that some two thousand stood up around the 
outer walls of the auditorium. 

A special program had been arranged as follows : 

Program 

Colonel Carleton B. McCulloch, Presiding 

1. Community Singing, 7 :30 to 8 :30 o'clock . Audience 

2. "La Marseillaise" Choir 

3. Invocation 

Rt. Rev. Monsignor Francis H. Gavisk, V. G. 

4. Address 

Hon. Warren T. McCray, Governor of Indiana 

5. Address 

Hon. Charles W. Jewett, Mayor of Indianapolis 

6. Presentation of Flowers from American Wo- 

men's Overseas League 

Miss Adah Bush, Representative 

7. "America" Choir 

8. Presentation of Souvenir Medallion from Citi- 

zenship of City and State Samuel D. Miller 

(89) 
7- -20472 



90 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

9. Conferring of Companionship in the Military 
Order of Foreign Wars of the United 

States Companion Carleton B. McCulloch 

lit. Response . . . .Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of France 

11. "The Star Spangled Banner" 

Choir, Audience and Band 

12. Benediction 

Rev. S. L. Martin, Department Chaplain Amer- 
ican Legion 

Cadle Tabernacle Choir 
Joe Overmyer, Director 

American Legion Band of Indianapolis 

Hiller Francis, Director 

Special seats had been provided for the wounded and 
other soldiers in the center of the building, just in 
front of the stage. Seated behind the disabled soldiers 
were the women who had seen service overseas. On 
either side were persons who had been admitted by 
American Legion tickets. Special programs and tri- 
color flags of France were distributed by the Boy 
Scouts, and every person in the assembly had a ban- 
ner. 

When the Marshal's party arrived at nine o'clock, the 
great audience heard the bugle call ATTENTION! 
When the blue-uniformed French visitor appeared in 
view, a demonstration occurred which is seldom seen 
in this city. The entire audience in the big auditorium 
arose, and amid a wild waving of tri-colors and a deaf- 
ening roar of voices, the distinguished visitor bowed in 
acknowledgment to the generous greetings accorded 
him. The demonstration lasted for more than three 
minutes, and was not ended until Dr. McCulloch, the 
presiding officer, stepped to the front and motioned for 
silence. 

The big Tabernacle Choir composed of more than a 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 91 

thousand voices, under the direction of Joe Overmyer, 
entertained the audience with songs. The audience 
joined in the singing of "Onward Christian Soldiers," 
"The Battle Hymn of the Republic," and other familiar 
songs. The disabled soldiers were called on to sing a 
verse of the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" and re- 
sponded with much enthusiasm. After an encore they 
sang "Over There," "Smile, Smile, Smile," and "Good- 
bye Broadway, Hello France." When the "Marseil- 
laise" was announced, the entire audience joined in the 
singing, and Marshal Foch's eyes gleamed with pride 
and emotion as he stood erect listening to the singing 
of the great French National anthem. 

There occurred just before the formal reception be- 
gan, one beautiful incident, which had not been planned 
by the Program Committee. A little four-year-old 
girl, Adele Claire Fishbein, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Philip Fishbein, 309 E. 21st street, and granddaughter 
of Adolph Asche, an ex-captain in the World War, 
dressed in Alsatian costume, bearing three flowers of 
the French National colors, was lifted to the platform 
by a group of soldiers and presented to the Marshal. 
He drew her to him, smiled broadly, and then placed 
a kiss on each of her little cheeks. The audience ap- 
plauded heartily. 

Dr. McCulloch then introduced the Rt. Rev. Mon- 
signor Francis Gavisk, who offered the invocation, at 
the conclusion of which the Lord's Prayer was repeated 
by the audience. 

At the conclusion of the invocation, Governor Mc- 
Cray was introduced, and officially welcomed on behalf 
of the State of Indiana, the distinguished visitor. The 
governor spoke as follows: 

"This is indeed a wonderful occasion and the 
remembrance of this day will live in our hearts and 




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MARSHAL FOCH DAY 93 

minds as long as we enjoy the pleasure of memory 
and recollection. It is certainly a great privilege 
to have as our guest the world's greatest military 
genius, Marshal Foch. 

"From the days of the Revolution there has 
existed a peculiar friendship between the country 
of his birth and the Nation which was saved by 
the financial and personal service rendered by one 
of his illustrious countrymen at a time of dire dis- 
tress and approaching disaster. 

"At that time lasting obligation was imposed 
upon us as a Nation. After waiting over a cen- 
tury we at last had a chance to show that we were 
not forgetful or unappreciative of the part General 
Lafayette played in helping to establish the inde- 
pendence of our colonies and thus make it possible 
for this country to expand and develop until it has 
reached its present strength and power. By this 
chain of circumstances the nations of France and 
the United States are firmly and securely bound. 

"When the life blood of our friend and bene- 
factor was being sapped almost to the point of Na- 
tional collapse, I rejoice that we arose to the oc- 
casion, rushed in with all our power and resources 
and helped France save the day for justice and 
humanity. 

"By this act and by the seal of the blood of 
thousands of our brave boys who sleep the eternal 
sleep under the blue skies of sunny France, the 
perpetual alliance of these two great Republics will 
be everlastingly and irrevocably established. 

"It is therefore a great pleasure to have with us 
the man who was Commander-in-Chief of our 
American army when it saw service in his coun- 
try — a man whom the world recognizes as the 
greatest general of all ages, a man who is re- 



94 MARSHAL FOCH PAY 

spected, admired and loved by the people of every 
Nation that fought for, or sympathized with, the 
cause of the allies in the great World War. 

"There is nothing- we can do, Marshal Foch, to 
fully and appropriately express our admiration and 
love for you. We appreciate beyond expression 
the honor you confer upon this state and city by 
your visit. May God bless you and give you health 
and strength to enjoy the honors which you have 
so richly earned." 

The next address was given by Mayor Charles W. 
Jewett, in which he welcomed, on behalf of the city of 
Indianapolis, Marshal Foch: 

"The city of Indianapolis is very honored to have 
as a guest a distinguished citizen of France. It 
is a distinct pleasure to welcome Marshal Foch in 
Indianapolis. 

"On the fields of battle of the great World War, 
he was the comrade of our boys. This fact is a 
peculiar bond that makes us feel very near to him 
on this occasion. We are very honored to be host 
to the man, who, at the time of the world's great- 
est danger and crisis was accepted by the allied 
armies as the greatest military commander of the 
present day. We are very grateful that he has 
given Indianapolis such a rank of distinction in 
placing us among the few cities of this country to 
be honored by his visit. 

"The history and the progress of the American 
republic owe much to France. Since the days of 
the Revolution, when Lafayette rendered such a 
splendid service to our forefathers in their fight 
for independence, we have loved the French peo- 
ple. This bond of friendship established by 
George Washington and Lafayette between the 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 95 

American republic and France has united the two 
great Republics together until the present hour. 
The great World War has strengthened this 
friendship, and the bonds of sympathy existing 
between the French people and us will live forever 
after. 

"Marshal Foch, we welcome you, in spirit of pa- 
triotism of free government; in spirit of the 
French Republic and of our own government. May 
our common ideals, our love of equality, fraternity 
and liberty, as exemplified by your government 
and ours, may our common purposes, our associa- 
tions on the fields of battle, serve to strengthen the 
bonds of friendship which unite these two great 
Republics in a relationship so harmonious. We 
salute you with reverence and respect; we con- 
gratulate you with admiration and honor, we wel- 
come you with deep sympathy, love and affection. 
Marshal Foch, I deliver to you the mystical key 
which has opened the hearts of our citizenship, 
from which flow our love and appreciation of your 
great and noble work in which we had the honor 
of calling you commander." 

Following the conclusion of Mayor Jewett's address, 
Miss Adah Bush, representing the American Women's 
Overseas League, presented to Marshal Foch a beauti- 
ful bouquet. Miss Bush, dressed in an overseas uni- 
form of dark gray, presented the floral token and ad- 
dressed the Marshal as follows: 

"On behalf of the American Women's Overseas 
League of Indiana, a state unit of the National 
organization representing several thousand Amer- 
ican women who rendered volunteer service over- 
seas under your high command, I bring you greet- 
ings. 




C. B, DYER 



Uold Medallion (showing both sides) preeentedjto Marshal Foch by 
citizens of Indianapolis. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 97 

"Holding in grateful memory the universal kind- 
liness and courtesy of your countrymen through 
difficult, and for some of us dangerous days, we 
are banded together and stand pledged not only to 
uphold the principles for which our soldiers fought, 
but to preserve and strengthen the ties of friend- 
ship uniting France and America. 

"I have great pleasure, Marshal Foch, in publicly 
reaffirming that pledge in your honored presence, 
in presenting this token of our affection for you 
and your glorious France." 

Samuel D. Miller, speaking as the representative of 
the citizens of the city of Indianapolis, and the State 
of Indiana, presented to Marshal Foch a solid gold 
medallion, on the front of which was a replica of the 
Indiana Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument. Inscribed 
above the design were the words "Indianapolis, Novem- 
ber 4, 1921." The other side showed the French seal 
in the center flanked by the seal of the State of Indi- 
ana and The American Legion seal. Above the seal 
were inscribed the words: "To Marshal Ferdinand 
Foch," and below the seal was the Latin inscription: 
"In Memory of Our Friendship." 

Mr. Miller spoke as follows: 

"Mindful of the gallant youth who, one hundred 
forty-four years ago flouted the commands of his 
King, outfitted an expedition from his private for- 
tune, and sailed westbound across the seas; and a 
little later, with the sturdy Rochambeau by his 
side and a band of valiant Frenchmen at his back, 
helped our forefathers erect this Republic as a 
permanent abiding place in the world for enlight- 
ened freedom; 

"Mindful of another expedition in more recent 
years, when the men of America, actuated by no 



98 MARSHAL FOCH DAY 

gainful motive but acting solely in the broad inter- 
est of humanity, sailed eastbound across the seas 
and took their places side by side, for weal or woe, 
with the men of France and so gave battle to the 
arch-enemy of enlightened freedom, with the cry 
'They shall not pass" — and, no Hun passed, save 
from the here into the hereafter ; 

".Mindful of the glorious fact that there has 
never, been an hour from Lafayette to you, Sir, 
when the United States and France could not take 
each other by the hand and, with heads thrown 
back, each look squarely into the gleaming eyes of 
the other and, with perfect understanding of all 
that it implies, utter the sacred word 'Friend' ; 

"Mindful of the solemn resolution which lives — 
a vital thing in the breast of every true American 
that this tie shall never cease to bind ; 

"Mindful, Sir, of the deathless distinction which 
your leadership brought to the arms of the Allies ; 

"Mindful of all these things and more, on behalf 
of the one hundred fifty thousand sons and daugh- 
ters of Indiana, living and dead 1 , who answered 
their country's call and "went down to the field 
of glory, to do and to die for the eternal right" ; 
on behalf of the liberty-loving women and men of 
this fragrant valley of the Middle West who, in 
the dark hour, toiling as they had never toiled be- 
fore, stood firm and kept the faith unflinchingly; 
in token of their esteem and respect for you, Sir, 
and voicing their fervent hope that the fair fields 
of France may never again be profaned by the foot 
of an invading foe, and that, as the shadows 
lengthen in your ripening years, you may see 
naught but enduring peace, plenty and happiness 



1 Indiana sent only about 128,000 men into service. — Editor 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 99 

as the lot of your people, our friends — and that all 
good things of earth may be yours, I beg of you 
to accept this souvenir of your visit to our beloved 
city and state." 

Dr. McCulloch, Chairman of the Executive Commit- 
tee then conferred upon Marshal Foch a Companionship 
in the Military Order of Foreign Wars. In presenting 
the medal of honor to the distinguished visitor, Dr. 
McCulloch spoke as follows: 

"The Military Order of Foreign Wars is a Na- 
tional order to perpetuate the glorious history and 
the traditions of the Army and Navy of the United 
States of America. 

"It believes that Honor, and Justice, and Truth 
are the concomitants of Bravery and Patriotism. 

"It is honored in welcoming men who believe 
that such attributes are the foundation stones of 
character. And it honors such men in extending to 
them its comradeship. 

"It receives its inspiration from the Knights of 
the Round Table of King Arthur's time, as it also 
is inspired by the memories and example of that 
gallant company of the Salle Des Preux at Pierre- 
fonds and such patriotic characters as your Du 
Guesclin and Chevalier Bayard, 

"These Knights are dust, 
Their good swords rust 
Their souls are with the 
Saints, we trust." 

"But, Sir, the memories of their high patriotism 
and Military Glory have not rusted, they are green 
in our thoughts and as an unforgettable example 
of what our own goal should be, 



*6a 



100 MARSHAL FOCH PAY 

"For how can man die better 
Than by facing fearful odds. 
For the ashes of his fathers 

And the temples of his Gods." 

"Sir, we are proud that the Indiana Chapter lias 
the honor of conferring upon you membership in 
this Society. The example of your great career 
and the immeasurable inspiration to us, your erst- 
while Comrades in Arms, and the great American 
people who sent us to your shores." 

When Marshal Foch stepped forward to receive the 
emblem of membership in the Military Order of For- 
eign Wars, the audience of twelve thousand rose en 
masse, and joyously waved the small French banners 
that had been distributed at the opening of the meet- 
ing. Amid a deafening roar of applause and the wav- 
ing of the thousands of banners, the grizzled old vet- 
eran, who had spent the greater part of his life either 
in preparing for wars or in the fighting of them, ap- 
peared greatly moved. Finally when quiet was restored, 
he responded to Dr. McCulloch's remarks. He spoke 
in French and his interpreter in turn translated his 
statements into English: 

"War is not an end. Victory is not an end. War 
and victory are but means to an end — and that 
final end is peace, a just peace, which includes the 
light of every one to work without interruption. 

"We have attained this end, and by victory we 
shall maintain it. Without bitterness, without 
provocation, we shall continue a just peace. But 
to attain this end in peace means work, the same 
as in war, a united effort. Should we maintain 
this effort, we shall certainly see the end we seek. 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 101 

And we feel sure tonight we shall retain this peace, 
sure, laboriously and justly. 

'The manifestations I have received here to- 
night, not only by word but by act, have profound- 
ly touched me. They have made me feel that in 
doing what I have done, I have done what you 
wished. In war I feel that I was not only sup- 
ported by the men who fought, but by the nations 
that sent those men. Everywhere, on the front, 
in the rear, in the ambulances, every one multi- 
plied his efforts almost with one idea — victory. 

"By this great inspiration, the chiefs had their 
way well marked out for them and they had but to 
follow it." 

Rev. S. L. Martin, Department Chaplain of The 
American Legion then pronounced the benediction, and 
the great meeting adjourned. Marshal Foch and his 
party were then escorted to the Union Station where 
they boarded their train for Chicago. Thus ended the 
day — one that is destined to become a landmark in the 
patriotic history of Indiana. 



MARSHAL FOCH'S LOVE FOR AMERICA 

The following interview given out by Marshal Foch 
immediately upon his return to Paris reveals so gen- 
uinely his love for America that it seems appropriate 
to use it here. The interview as reported in the In- 
dianapolis Stew, of January 8, 1922, was communicated 
by Laura A. Smith, special correspondent: 

"I bring back with me the impression of a stu- 
pendous country," said Marshal Foch. "But, 
understand me well: this country is even more 
stupendous in the future it has before it, than 
in its present. One evening, on crossing a state 
frontier, I was met by its governor, and I asked 
him: 'What is the area of your state?' His re- 
ply was a figure as large as that of all France and 
the population was 4,000,000. 'Could you accom- 
modate, feed and give work to 40,000,000?' I 
asked, and he replied in the affirmative. Weli, 
that is America. Today it is a country of 120,- 
000,000 souls, but one day it may contain 400,- 
000,000. It is a stupendous country, and an ad- 
mirable one, too. It has not grown simply by vir- 
tue of its members, but because of its sentiments 
and ideals. During the war, for example, Amer- 
icans were inspired by an ideal as great as the 
world and they truly believed themselves crusad- 
ers." 

Asked if he believed Americans really loved France, 
he replied emphatically, 

"Yes, I believe in their love as I believe in the 
light of the sun. I, who am not easily moved, have 
been stirred by their warm welcome, on the first 

(102) 



MARSHAL FOCH DAY 103 

day as on the last. On that last day I was in 
Hartford, I was asked to leave the train and was 
led by my guides to a small cottage and they placed 
me before an old-fashioned table there. I asked 
why they did this, 'Because,' they replied, 'in this 
very room and before this very table, Lafayette 
stood ninety-seven years ago.' I remained only a 
quarter of an hour, but when I returned to my 
train I found it magnificently decorated with 
wreaths and flowers. It was in a train of flowers 
that I returned. 

"America is the one country in the world which 
has known how to plant liberty and make it flower. 
She binds to her with inseparable ties the millions 
of men whom we have been unable to hold and 
whom she knows how to attract. I passed through 
Italian, Polish, German, Czech colonies, but I saw 
only Americans, cast and fashioned thoroughly in 
the American mold." 



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