s'OHAU fr cH Day
Indiana Historical Collections
r; Uv\wuwik^ € ^:j
The Indiana Historical Commission
WM. P. BURFORD. PRINTER
MARSHAL FOCH DAY
NOVEMBER 4, 1921
"Le jour de gloire est arrive"
Celebration Given in Honor of
Marshal Ferdinand L. Foch
Indianapolis, November 4, 1921
> ,9 a i '
► » >
Published by the
INDIANA HISTORICAL COMMISSION
INDIANA HISTORICAL COMMISSION
Dr. Frank B. Wynn, Presidt nt
Samuel M. Foster, Vice-President
Harlow Lindley, Sec return
Gov. Warren T. McCray
James A. Woodburn
Charles W. Moores
Matthew J. Walsh
Mrs. John N. Carey
Lew M. O'Bannon
John W. Oliver, Ph.D., Director
Lucy M. Elliott, Assistant Director
. • . ,
• - . ■ •
• * «
"Marshal Foch Day, November 4, 1921," will long be
remembered in Indiana history. It will take its place
alongside the memorable Welcome Home Day of May
7, 1919, when the state paid glorious tribute to her re-
turning heroes of the World War. In years to come it
will be regarded as one of the epochal events in our
state's history, comparable only to the triumphal ova-
tion accorded that other great Frenchman, General
LaFayette, who in 1825 was officially welcomed by the
citizens of Indiana.
As the years go by, and as the children of later gen-
erations study the history connected with America's
participation in the World War, they will speak rev-
erently of him who guided to victory the great armies
of the allied nations of the world. No man since the
dawn of history ever held under his command armies
even approximating in numbers those directed by this
military genius, Marshal Ferdinand L. Foch. His
battle front extended from the Sea of Galilee to the
North Sea. The combined fighting forces of fifteen
allied nations were subject to his orders. In his hands
rested the fate of more than 800,000,000 free people.
His commands had only to be given to be obeyed. But
none can ever say that this military leader misused or
abused the power that was assigned him. The realiza-
tion of the unlimited power that was his made him
appear all the more careful in exercising it. This mil-
itary leader, a brilliant soldier and a devoted patriot,
possessed that bravery and moral courage which was
equalled only by his modesty. As long as the history
of free peoples is studied, and as long as the spirit of
patriotism is kept alive, the name of Marshal Foch will
be respected and honored.
6 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
During the summer of 1921 an invitation from the
American Legion was extended to Marshal Foch, in-
viting him to visit the United States of America. For
the city of Indianapolis to have been selected as one of
the points on Marshal Foch's itinerary to the United
States, was indeed an honor that seldom comes to the
people of our city and commonwealth. Believing that
a complete record of the events that occurred on that
historical day — November 4, 1921 — should be perma-
nently preserved as a part of Indiana's history, this
publication has been prepared.
The Marshal Foch Day Committee which had charge
of the program of November 1, 1921, suggested to Gov-
ernor Warren T. McCray and the members of the In-
diana Historical Commission the advisability of pre-
paring an historical record setting forth a full report
of the proceedings of that day. The Historical Com-
mission assumed the responsibility of assembling the
material and of preparing this official report. The
Marshal Foch Day Committee kindly volunteered to
provide the funds necessary for the printing and bind-
ing of this little book. To Dr. Carleton B. McCulloch,
Chairman of the Committee ; to ex-Governor Samuel M.
Ralston, who originally suggested the historical value
of issuing this publication, and to the other members
of the Marshal Foch Day Committee, the people of
Indiana are indebted for their conscientious efforts to
make this day a landmark in our state's history.
JOHN W. OLIVER, Director,
Indiana Historical Commission.
State House, Indianapolis,
December 15, 1921.
1. Announcement 5
2. Ferdinand L. Foch: Biographical Sketch 10
3. Official Invitations to Visit Indianapolis 15
4. City and State Prepare to Receive Distinguished
5. Marshal Foch's Arrival in Indianapolis 35
6. The Parade; Presentation of Laurel Wreath;
"Living Red Cross"; Reviewing Stand 45
7. Dedication of Corner Stone for The American
Legion Building 77
8. Banquet, Riley Room. Claypool Hotel 85
9. Public Mass Meeting, Cadle Tabernacle 89
1. Marshal Foch 9
2. Arrival at Union Station (2 views) 36
3. Marshal Foch at the Speedway (2 views) 41
4. Planting Kim Tree, Country Club 44
.">. Marshal Koch's Official Car Leading Parade
(2 views) Mi
6. Culver Black Horse Troop in Parade 52
7. Marion ( Jounty Legion Military Band ~>s
8. Marshal Foch and Aid, Standing at Foot of
9. Presenting Wreath to "Miss Indiana" (2 views). . 62
10. Living Red ( Jross 66
11. Reviewing Stand 72
12. Marshal Foch, Governor McCray, and Hanford
MacNider Reviewing Parade 71
13. Dedication of Corner Stone for American Legion
14. Corner Stone American Legion Building 79
15. Church Pillar from Cathedral in Pelican 82
16. Banquet, Riley Room, Claypool Hotel 84
17. Cadle Tabernacle, Mass Meeting ( .»2
18. Gold Medallion Presented to Marshal Koch
(2 views) 96
(Courtesy of Medos Gravellc, Indianapolis, Official Photographer of Marshal Foch
Party on Tour of the United States)
FERDINAND L. FOCH
'My left is giving way, my right is
falling hack, consequently I am ordering
a genera] offensive, a decisive attack by
the center. „ . ,,
It was this historical message that brought Ferdi-
nand L. Foch to the attention of the warring- nations
of the world in September, 1914. The writer of the
message was at that time referred to either as a crim-
inal braggart, or one of the greatest of generals, de-
pending upon the success or the failure of the attack.
If it failed, an entire nation would have demanded the
life of the man who was so foolhardy as to send his
command to certain death. If it succeeded, his mes-
sage was destined to take its place in history along
with other famous war orders, such as "Don't give up
the ship" ; "England expects every man to do his
duty"; and, "We have met the enemy and they are
ours". The attack did not fail. The man who issued
the message succeeded in that memorable battle of the
Marne in September, 1914, in checking an invading
enemy which was threatening the destruction of civ-
A review of the biography of this world character re-
veals qualities of true greatness. He was born Octo-
ber 2, 1851, at Tarbes, a small city in the Pyrenees.
He attended school at Rodez and Saint Etienne, and in
1869 entered Saint Clement's Jesuit College in Metz,
where a great number of the youth of France were
specializing in Military Science. From an early age
Foch was a devoted student of Napoleon, and before he
was twelve years old had mastered Thier's "History of
the Consulate and the Empire."
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 11
During the Franco-Prussian War he enlisted as a
private in the Fourth Infantry Regiment, but did not
see active service. Following the close of that war, so
disastrous and humiliating to France, young Foch en-
tered the Ecole Polytechnique at Fontainebleau. He
was next transferred to the Ecole de Guerre, and ap-
pointed Instructor in military history and strategy.
While teaching in the Ecole de Guerre, he wrote two
books, 'The Conduct of the War", and "Principles of
War". In 1896 he attained the rank of Major, and by
1901 held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1907 he
was promoted to Brigadier-General and placed in com-
mand of the artillery of the Fifth Corps at Orleans.
Shortly thereafter he was assigned to the post as Com-
mandant of the Ecole de Guerre. In 1911 he was
placed in command of the Thirteenth Division at Chau-
mont, and the following year was promoted to the
command of the Eighth Army Corps. A year later he
was transferred to the position always considered a
post of honor in the French Army — the Commander of
the Twentieth Army Corps, with Headquarters at
Years before the outbreak of the World War, Gen-
eral Foch had inspired in the hearts of the French
people a hope that French generalship would in the
next conflict prove a worthy match for the Germans.
He had devoted the best years of his life to a close
study of the plans followed by the German General
Staff during the Franco-Prussian War. Calmly and
methodically he had analyzed the operations of the
German army in that war, and had in turn instructed
his pupils to be able to adopt a flexible campaign, one
that would lend itself to quick and rapid changes.
When the awful world conflict broke forth in the
summer of 1914, the famous Twentieth Corps of the
1_' MARSHAL FOCH DAY
French Army, under General Foch's command, fought
its way through the middle of the invading army into
German Lorraine. General Joffre, who was in com-
mand of the French Army, appointed General Foch to
command the newly created army — the Ninth — and
under the brilliant leadership of General Foch, the in-
vading German Army was stopped first at the Marne,
and a lew weeks later was checked in its march toward
During the campaigns of 1915, 1916, and 1917, Gen-
eral Foch played a conspicuous part in the numerous
1 <at ties along the entire front. Finally, in 1917, when
General Joffre retired from the command of the French
Army, General Foch was appointed Chief of Staff. His
brilliant successes during- the campaign of 1917 in
checking 1 the German drive made his name a household
word, not only throughout all France, but throughout
the lands of the allied nations. The Germans realized
that if they were to succeed they must at once mar-
shal their combined strength in one final, desperate
drive against the Allies. The time selected for this
final campaign was during the months of February and
A crisis was at hand. The allied nations were forced
to combine their forces under one general if they were
to withstand the onslaughts of the invading foe. Re-
ports were being circulated that the French Govern-
ment was considering the withdrawal of its armies
from the front. Even the evacuation of Paris was
being talked of. Stephane Lauzanne, in his recent book,
"Great Men and Great Days", gives a dramatic de-
scription of the events that occurred during the last
week of March, 1918. Clemenceau, Poincaire and
Loucheur had gone to Doullens to meet with the Eng-
lish advisers, Haig, Milner, and others. When they
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 13
reached. Doullens an English conference was in session,
and while they waited the Frenchmen walked back and
forth in front of the Hotel de Ville. General Foch was
there, and his opportunity came to express to the
French President his disapproval of the suggestion
that the French troops be withdrawn. The historic
words spoken by General Foch on this occasion are re-
ported by Lauzanne:
"Paris! Paris has nothing to do with this matter.
Paris is far oif. We ought to stop the Boche right
here. We have only got to say, 'He shall not pass!'
and he will not pass. We can always stop the Boche.
We have only got to give the order. It is only neces-
sary to say, 'Retreat no further.' I will guarantee you
that three-fourths of the battle is won when we know
we are not going to retreat. France is France, and
France does not die. Haig and Petain are two men
who are keeping a door closed, each one by pushing on
a separate bolt. The door has been broken down.
There they are, both of them, each one at his own bolt,
watching the enemy pour in and not knowing how to
close the door and who ought to make the first move.
"You know my method. I would drive a nail in the
door, here; then one at that point; then at this one.
The Boche would be almost stopped. Then I'd drive
another in here and the Boche would be stopped. We
can always stop the Boche."
A conference was immediately arranged with the
English generals, and General Foch again announced
his plan for stopping the invading army. "This is our
man," announced Lord Milner, and M. Clemenceau
voiced his approval. General Foch had saved the day,
and this brilliant leader, student of military science and
men, was placed in command of the greatest army the
world had ever seen. The spirit of this magnificent
14 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
leader was at once felt along the whole fighting front.
The different units of the Allied armies began to move
as one man. And finally in September, 1918, the order
went forth for that great offensive, which ultimately
led to the triumphant victory that crowned the efforts
of the allied nations on that memorable day, Novem-
! er 11. L918.
"Foch, he is our man."
MARSHAL FOCH INVITED TO VISIT
Upon learning of the prospective visit of Marshal
Ferdinand Foch to the United States as a guest of The
American Legion during the fall of 1921, the Marion
County Council of The American Legion decided to ex-
tend an official invitation to the French Marshal, urging
him to visit Indianapolis on his American tour. Dr.
Carleton B. McCulloch of Indianapolis, himself an ex-
service man, and who was planning to join the official
party of The American Legion that was to make a tour
of the devastated regions of France during the summer
of 1921, was requested to personally carry invitations
from the Governor of Indiana, the Mayor of Indian-
apolis, and the Chairman of the Marion County Council
of The American Legion, inviting Marshal Foch to visit
the city of Indianapolis. Dr. McCulloch personally
presented the following letters to Marshal Foch in the
city of Metz, late in August, 1921.
July 28, 1921.
"M. Ferdinand Foch,
Marshal of France,
My Dear Sir :
"In behalf of the Commonwealth of Indiana, it gives
me pleasure to extend to you, through Colonel C.
B. McCulloch, late of the A. E. F., a most cordial invi-
tation to visit Indiana upon the occasion of your tour
of the United States next October as the guest of The
16 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Assuring you that our citizens will greatly appreci-
ate the honor of your acceptance of this invitation. I
am Very truly yours.
Signed: WARREN T. McCRAY,
Governor of Indiana."
The American Legion's Invitation
August 1, 1921.
"As chairman of the Marion County Council of The
American Leg-ion, I have the honor and privilege of
speaking for the members of The American Legion,
who reside in the city of Indianapolis, and also of ex-
tending to you a cordial invitation to visit our city
while you are a guest of our country.
"We admire you because of your sterling qualities as
a man. as a soldier and as a statesman. We are con-
scious of the great service you gave the cause of the
Allies in the World War and we hope that we may be
given an opportunity of having you as a guest during
your visit in our country. Indianapolis, the official
home of the national organization of The American
Legion, will consider it a very great honor if you will
consent to be with us at such time as it may be con-
venient for you while you are in the United States."
Signed: J. F. CAXTWELL, Chairman,
Marion County Council of The American Legion."
August 1, 1921.
"My Dear Marshal Foch :
"It gives me great pleasure to extend to you a most
genuine and cordial invitation to visit the city of In-
dianapolis during your stay in this country.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 17
"I know that every citizen will feel highly honored
in having you with us as our honored guest. This city
is proud of being the home of The American Legion,
and from these national headquarters patriotism is dis-
persed to all parts of the world.
"The American Legion and all other patriotic organ-
izations join me in extending to you in behalf of all our
citizens this invitation.
"Sincerely hope we may be honored with your ac-
ceptance. I am asking Colonel C. B. McCulloch, who
represents the Order of Foreign Wars and The Amer-
ican Legion and who is coming to your wonderful coun-
try, to deliver this invitation in person.
C. W. JEWETT, Mayor,
When Dr. McCulloch officially presented the invita-
tions to Marshal Foch, in Metz, the Marshal was un-
able to state definitely whether or not he would be able
to accept. He expressed a keen desire, however, to visit
Indianapolis, due to the fact that this city had been
selected as the seat of the National Headquarters of
The American Legion, and added that every effort
would be made to include this city on the itinerary of
his American travels.
Subsequently while on boat returning from France,
Dr. McCulloch was appointed a member of the Na-
tional Distinguished Visitors' Committee, and acting
upon the direction of the Chairman of this Committee,
he again cabled Marshal Foch as soon as he reached
Indianapolis, urging his acceptance. Also a cablegram
was sent to the French Embassy at Paris, urging its
co-operation in persuading Marshal Foch to pay an
official visit to Indiana. Early in October, 1921, the
18 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Distinguished Visitor's Committee held a meeting in
Chicago to arrange Marshal Foch's itinerary, and at
that time the official imitation from Indiana was pre-
sented by Dr. McCulloch and readily accepted. The
date was set tor Friday, November 4th, subject to the
approval of the French Embassy. In due course, the
approval was received, and Indianapolis and the State
<>l Indiana immediately began preparations to receive
the distinguished French visitor.
PREPARATIONS FOR RECEIVING THE DISTIN-
The city of Indianapolis, Marion County, and the
State of Indiana all united in the plans for officially en-
tertaining Marshal Foch. The City Council of Indian-
apolis on October 17, 1921, appropriated the sum of
$15,000 as its contribution in providing for a great pa-
triotic celebration. The action received the unanimous
endorsement of every member of the council. Also
Marion County voted $10,000 for the same purpose, and
the State of Indiana appropriated $5,000. A commit-
tee of five was appointed by the City Council to offi-
cially represent the city of Indianapolis in receiving
and entertaining the Marshal. The committee con-
sisted of Jesse E. Miller, and Gustave G. Schmidt, coun-
cilmen ; Henry F. Campbell, Charles F. Coffin, Presi-
dent of the Chamber of Commerce, and Robert H.
Bryson, City Controller.
All citizens of Indianapolis were called upon to join
in the patriotic celebration, and were requested to lay
aside the ordinary duties of the day in order to pay fit-
ting respect to the Marshal's coming. They were
urged to decorate their homes and places of business,
not only with the Stars and Stripes, but also with the
tri-color of France. Special efforts were made to se-
cure pictures of Marshal Foch and have them placed in
windows and other public places. A generous display
of bunting and wide streamers was also urged in deco-
rating the homes and buildings of the city. A special
invitation was sent to the Culver Military Academy
requesting that the famous Black Horse Troop be sent
to Indianapolis on November 4, in order to act as a
special escort for Marshal Foch. Citizens generally
united in the request extended by the City Council, and
20 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
for days preceding the arrival of the distinguished vis-
itor .ureal excitement prevailed among- the citizens of
Charles F. Collin, who was named as a member of
the Executive Committee, obtained the consent of E.
Howard Cadle to hold the Marshal Foch mass meeting
in the Cadle Tabernacle on the night of November 4th.
Also the Nordyke and Marmon Company immediately
announced that they would place at the disposal of the
committee a special Marmon seven-passenger car,
painted French gray, and adorned with the Foch coat-
Notables of State and Nation Invited
Realizing that Marshal Foch's visit would be an
event of state-wide and even nation-wide importance,
Governor McCray issued a special invitation to Presi-
dent Harding, members of the Cabinet, Governors of
all states, Mayors of Indiana cities with population of
5,000 or more, and all cities in the United States with a
population of 100,000 or more, and to delegates to The
American Legion's National Convention, then in ses-
sion in Kansas City, inviting them all to attend the
dedication of the grounds and laying of the corner
stone for the Indiana war memorial building by Mar-
shal Foch, November 4, 1921. The invitation was as
< ) iutu.1
ui\nle.> uoti to attend
« J lie « format ~ edication a the H round.*
t ) lie JL a Li nit]
ike Corner co lone
v'j the relational e JieadatiaHen* «ijiitldinq
f Ferdinand c lack, J lie < Mlar.mal ol « (ranee
on . mduij the ourth a, v/Lovember
nineteen hundred and 1 went u -one
at < )tuliunajiolt/>
22 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Official recognition of Marshal Foch Day on the part
of the Slate of Indiana, and the city of Indianapolis,
was voiced in the proclamations issued by (lovernor
Warren T. McCray and Charles W. Jewett, Mayor of
Following is a copy of the proclamation issued by
( lovernor McCray :
"The State of Indiana is to be signally honored
when Ferdinand Foch, the Marshal of France,
comes to Indianapolis on Friday, November 4, as
the distinguished guest of The American Legion.
The visit of the world's greatest military genius
is a marked appreciation of the valiant service
rendered his beloved country by Indiana's heroic
men and women in the world's greatest struggle
for the supremacy of those principles which insure
human liberty and life.
The commander-in-chief of the allied army
comes to Indianapolis to dedicate the foundation
stone of the state memorial to be erected to the
memory of our soldiers and sailors who gave up
their lives in the late World War. This stone is
from the Marne bridge at Chateau Thierry, near
where the American men made such a gallant
stand under the magnificent leadership of our own
General Omar Bundy, and it is fitting, indeed, that
this solemn ceremony should take place in the
presence of the great French commander.
Such an occasion commands our united interest,
and appeals to our state pride. It will pass into
history as a most notable event. May it long be
remembered by our honored guest as one of the
pleasing, outstanding features of his visit to our
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 23
The day should be observed in a most fitting
manner, creditable alike to city and state. Let us
honor our guest as his rank and achievements
justly deserve. Let every means be taken to show
our appreciation of his visit and the high esteem
in which he is held in the hearts of the American
Let all business be suspended, so far as practic-
able, and a half holiday be declared, permitting old
and young to pay honor and respect to Ferdinand
Foch, the Marshal of France."
WARREN T. McCRAY,
Governor of Indiana.
Indianapolis, October 31, 1921.
Following is a copy of the proclamation issued by
"On Friday, November 4, 1921, Indianapolis is
to be honored to have as our guest, Marshal Fer-
dinand Foch, the commander-in-chief of the allied
armies in the World War.
Indianapolis has never honored a more distin-
guished man than Marshal Foch. His military
genius is recognized without a peer in the present
age, and, without a doubt, history will record the
fact that Marshal Foch is the greatest military
commander the world has ever known.
He comes to us, bearing the greetings of the
French Republic. His visit will serve to strength-
en the bond of friendship first established by
George Washington and LaFayette in revolution-
ary days, and made strong and permanent in the
World War between the American and French peo-
ple. This will be a great and memorable occasion
24 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
to the citizens of Indianapolis. It will long be re-
membered as one of the Outstanding, brilliant
events in the history of our city.
That we may enter into the spirit of the wel-
come and reception that Indianapolis will give to
Marshal Foch, I call upon the entire citizenship, in
so far as is practicable, to make Friday, November
1, a holiday; to display the American and French
flags together from public buildings and resi-
dences; to suspend business as far as is practica-
ble, that our people may have an opportunity to
participate in this great occasion. Let us all wel-
come our distinguished guest in the spirit of the
French Republic and the American Government,
and pay honor and reverence to our noble guest."
CHARLES W. JEWETT,
Mayor of Indianapolis.
American Legion Co-operation
The week preceding the coming of Marshal Foch,
Claude E. Gregg, Commander of The American Legion,
Department of Indiana, sent a bulletin to the command-
ers of all local posts in the state, urging them to send
a large representation to Indianapolis to participate in
the Marshal Foch Day events. Also, Dr. Carleton B.
McCulloch, Chairman of the Foch Day Executive Com-
mittee, issued an appeal on October 26th, urging the
one hundred and twenty-five thousand veterans in In-
diana to take part in the parade, and expressed the
hope that there would be a one hundred per cent at-
Following is a copy of the bulletin sent out October
26, 1921, to the local posts by Commander Gregg:
"On November 4, Marshal Foch, commander of
the allied armies during the World War, will be
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 25
the guest of Indiana at Indianapolis. This will be
one of the largest demonstrations ever known to
the people of Indiana, and every ex-service man
and woman should take part in the program of
the day. The interurban lines have granted a re-
duced rate of one-way fare for round trip for this
occasion, and we believe the steam roads will do
"Briefly, the program is as follows: Marshal
Foch will arrive at the Union Station at 9 a. m. A
salute of nineteen guns will be fired as he enters
the station. The band will play 'La Marseillaise'
and then The Star-Spangled Banner'. The Mar-
shal will then be escorted from the station by the
famous Black Horse Troop of Culver. The Cul-
ver, DePauw, Indiana, and Purdue Universities,
Marion County Legion and other bands will pro-
"An auto race will be held at the motor speed-
way at 10:30 a. m., probably four or five cars par-
ticipating. This event will be free to every one.
"The parade will form at 1 :30 p. m. at the south
side of the State House, moving eastward in
Washington street at 2 p. m. The parade will
contain troops from Ft. Benjamin Harrison, Na-
tional Guard troops, several military and Legion
bands, and thousands of former service men and
women. Immediately after the parade the ground
for the state war memorial and for the permanent
national headquarters of The American Legion will
be dedicated. A public meeting will be held in
the Cadle Tabernacle at 8:30 p. m.
"Make arrangements now to come to Indian-
apolis November 4. Bring your post banners for
the parade, have all your members wear their uni-
26 .1/ VRSHAL FOCH DA )
forms. Make your temporary headquarters and
check your banners at the Slate House."
On November 1, Commander Gregg issued a second
message through the Indianapolis newspapers, in
which he especially urged Indiana ex-service men, re-
gardless of the fact as to whether they were members
oi The American Legion, to send a one hundred per
cent representation to Indianapolis to participate in the
Marshal Foch Day parade. lie added:
"I wish it were possible for me to get into per-
sonal touch with every post in the state before
parade time, to urge them to send representatives.
If it is impossible to send a sizable delegation, I
hope all will send at least two men with the stand-
ards of the post, because they all will be massed
from over the state at the head of the parade."
Accompanying the statements sent out by Com-
mander Gregg, Dr. McCulloch, Chairman of the Exec-
utive Committee, issued the following appeal to all vet-
erans of the World War:
"All ex-service men who do not belong to The
American Legion are equally urged to come to In-
dianapolis and participate in the parade. Every
such man should come in uniform, if in any way
possible, but the fact that he does not have a uni-
form should not keep him away. Report at parade
headquarters on the south side of the State House
at 1 o'clock. Assignments to position in the pa-
rade will be made at that time.
"This is a tribute that every ex-service man
owes Marshal Foch, and the dignity and honor of
The State of Indiana calls for a one hundred per
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 27
Appointment of Committees
In order that the greatest publicity possible might be
given Marshal Foch Day, and in order that it might
have the widest democratic appeal to the entire cit-
izenship of Indiana, it was decided to appoint several
representative committees to assist in this historical
The Executive Committee consisted of:
Dr. Carleton B. McCulloch, Chairman
Bowman Elder, Secretary
Mayor Charles W. Jewett
Governor Warren T. McCray
Charles F. Coffin
Samuel D. Miller
The following named committees were also appoint-
ed to assist in the Foch Day program :
M. E. Noblet, Chairman ; Paul H. Brown ; S. M.
Dean; R. W. Miller; William D. Small; Fritz Sny-
der ; Clarence Stanley ; H. K. Stormont, and Harry
W. E. Pittsford, Chairman; Gideon W. Blain ;
Stanley C. Brooks; John P. Carroll; Richard H.
Habbe; John McNutt; John McShane; Eugene C.
Miller, and William Mooney.
G. Barrett Moxley, Chairman; Judge Solon J.
Carter ; Dr. Edmund D. Clark ; Edward L. Mayer ;
Martin A. Prather; Russell J. Ryan, and Evans
28 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Walter Myers, Chairman; Robert A. Adams; T.
A. Flaherty; Myron M. Hugfael; Ed Jackson; Rob-
ert L. Moorhead; Dr. Lafayette Page, William
Guy Wall, and Robert S. Wild.
John B. Reynolds, Chairman; Annis Burke;
William R. Seeker; Fred B. Sherman; Cecil B.
Smith, and V. D. Vincent.
Ralph A. Lemcke, Chairman ; J. Frank Cant-
well ; Robert F. Daggett; Jesse Miller; Hence
Orme, and Thomas D. Stevenson.
Disabled Soldiers —
Mrs. Wilbur Johnson, Chairman; Miss Marga-
ret McCulloeh; Mrs. Stuart Dean; Mrs. Russell
Fortune; Mrs. Robert Hassler; Mrs. C. E. Hender-
son; Mrs. L. B. Hopkins; Mrs. Chauncey DeWitt
Meier; Mrs. Charles E. Millard: Mrs. F. E. Mus-
kovics; Mrs. Nicholas Xoyes; Mrs. Richard W.
Smitheram, and Mrs. Gordon B. Tanner.
Henry F. Campbell, Chairman; Frederic M.
Ay res; William J. Fink; Fred Hoke; Dick Miller,
and Samuel E. Rauh.
Dr. Herman G. Morgan, Chairman ; Dr. Larue
D. Carter: Miss June Gray; Dr. Carl Habich, and
Dr. Ray Xewcomb.
Robert H. Tyndall. Chairman; Harry M. Ager-
ter; Dr. E. J. DuBois ; Donald H. McGibeny; Sid-
ney D. Miller, and Gay A. Wainwright.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 29
Harry B. Smith, Chairman; Gideon W. Blain;
John J. Boaz ; Lee Busch ; Solon J. Carter ; Brandt
Downey; Will 0. Jericho; Bertram Kingsbury;
Marshal T. Levey; Clarence Martin; Robert L.
Moorhead ; Louis J. Morgan ; Albert T. Rich ; Ar-
thur R. Robinson ; Robert H. Tyndall, and Charles
A. L. Taggart, Chairman; Henry L. Dithmer;
J. E. Kinney, and Felix M. McWhirter.
Public Comfort —
Roltare Eggleston, Chairman; Herman P. Lie-
ber; Ad F. Miller; John Paul Ragsdale; George
Rinier; Paul T. Rockford; Maurice Tennant, and
Nelson G. Trowbridge.
Dr. T. Victor Keene, Chairman; Clyde Allen;
Myron R. Bone; Herald D. Feightner; Curtis
Hodges, and Benjamin F. Lawrence.
Carl Fisher, Chairman; James Allison; T. E.
Myers, and Arthur Newby.
John C. Millspaugh, Chairman; William Bart-
ley; J. H. Call; J. W. Coneys; R. C. Fiscus; J. W.
Gardner; C. L. Henry; M. V. Hines; F. B. Hums-
ton ; L. B. Jay ; J. K. Jeffries ; P. Jack Landers ; J.
M. Morisey; F. N. Reynolds; W. H. Strauss; Will-
iam Ward, and Bert Weedon.
A special reception committee headed by ex-Gover-
nor Samuel M. Ralston was appointed to officially re-
30 MARSHAL l-'UCH DAY
ceive Marshal Foch upon his arrival ill Indianapolis.
The members of Governor Ralston's committee were:
A. Mrs. Ella Aker; Dr. Robert J. Aley; Judge Albert
B. Anderson; Samuel Ashby; Henry C. Atkins;
Col. W. A. Austin; and Col. N. K. Averhill.
B. Frank P. Baker; Frank C. Ball; Mrs. J. M. Barcus;
A. A. Barnes; Colonel John T. Barnett; Judge Ira
C. Batman; Arthur R. Baxter; Joseph E. Bell; F.
O. Belzsr; Henry \V. Bennett; Mrs. R. C. Bennett;
Albert J. Beveridge; Colonel D. H. Biddle of Fort
Harrison; Remster Bingham; Lemuel Bolles;
Charles A. Bookwalter; Benjamin Bosse of Evans-
ville; Colonel F. S. Bottoms of Fort Harrison;
Willard S. Boyle ; Lieutenant-Governor Emmett F.
Branch ; Franklin L. Bridges ; Colonel T. H.
Bridges; Ernest Bross; Arthur V. Brown; Frank
E. Brown; Hilton U. Brown; Will II. Brown; Dr.
William Lowe Bryan of Bloomington ; Miss Adah
Bush; Robert Butler, and Russell T. Byers.
C. Mrs. Anne Studebaker Carlisle of South Bend;
Mrs. Elizabeth Carr; Mrs. Solon J. Carter; Judge
Solon J. Carter; Brigadier General George Casler;
Judge Harry Chamberlin ; Rt. Rev. Joseph Char-
trand; Mrs. Edmund D. Clark; Dr. Edmund D.
Clark; Charles E. Coffin; Paul Comstock of Rich-
mond; Charles E. Cox; Mrs. Linton A. Cox; Clif-
ford Craig, and Russell Creviston.
D. Frank C. Dailey ; Eugene II. Darrach ; Judge
Ethan A. Dausman ; Thomas C. Day ; Caleb S.
Denny; C. W. Depka, and Winfield T. Durbin of
E. G. A. Efroymson; William L. Elder; John G.
Emery; W. E. English; Judge Solon A. Enloe;
Jesse Eschbach; T. II. Escott; William P. Evans
and Judge Louis B. Ewbank.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 31
F. Mrs. J. S. Ferris; Mrs. Caroline Marmon Fesler;
Leo Fesler; Rabbi Morris M. Feuerlicht; Colonel
R. T. Fleming of Fort Harrison; Stoughton A.
Fletcher; Will Fogarty; Michael E. Foley; William
Fortune; D. N. Foster of Fort Wayne; Charles
Fox; William F. Fox; Dr. F. W. Foxworthy; Rev.
Joseph M. Francis ; Mrs. Alice French ; Captain H.
G. Fry of Fort Harrison ; James Fry, and Dr. Sum-
ner I. Furniss.
G. Fred C. Gardner; E. E. Gates; Rev. Francis J.
Gavisk ; Willard J. Gemmel of Broad Ripple ; Lewis
W. George; Colonel L. R. Gignilliatt of Culver;
John D. Gilpin of Fort Wayne; William P. Gleason
of Gary ; A. M. Glossbrenner ; Daniel Glossbrenner ;
A. H. Godard ; James P. Goodrich of Winchester ;
Dr. A. B. Graham ; Charles A. Greathouse ; Claude
E. Gregg of Vincennes; Neal Grider; Dr. George
R. Grose, President of Depauw University, Green-
castle ; Mrs. J. N. Gullef er of New Augusta.
H. Richard Habbe, Walter G. Hadley of Danville;
Lieutenant-Colonel Laurence Halstead of Fort
Harrison; Paul Haimbaugh of Muncie; W. W.
Hammond; Cope J. Hanley of Rensselaer; Henry
L. Hardin; Dr. Isaac S. Harold; Russell B. Harri-
son; William D. Haverstick; Will H. Hays of
Washington; Frank H. Henley of Wabash; Wil-
liam P. Herod; Mrs. Philip Hildebrand; L. N.
Hines; Alexander R. Holliday ; John W. Holtzman;
Carl Houston of Marion; Thomas C. Howe; Kin
Hubbard ; Louis Huesman ; Dr. Charles D. Humes ;
Charles A. Hunt of Jeff er son ville and George B.
Hunt of Richmond.
I. 0. B. lies; and Will Irwin of Columbus.
J. Mrs. Harry Jacobs; Dr. Henry Jameson; Mayor
Charles W. Jewett, and Aquilla Q. Jones.
32 MARSHAL FOCH PAY
\\. Kdward Kahn; Mrs. Joseph B. Keating; Joseph A.
Kebler; Dr. I>ernays Kennedy; Mrs. Ralph E. Ken-
nington; Charles W. Kern; Henry Keleham;
William A. Ketcham; J. L. Kimbrough of Muncie;
Major M. Kirby of Fort Harrison; Edward II.
Knight and Miss Pauline Kurnick.
L. Hugh McK. Landon ; Ulysses S. Lesh ; Major James
A. Lester of Fort Harrison ; Charles S. Lewis, Sr. ;
J. K. Lilly; James W. Lilly; Captain Livengood,
and Charles J. Lynn.
M. Judge Robert W. McBride; John F. McClure of
Anderson; Mrs. Charles \V. McCord of New Al-
bany; Major T. M. McCorkle of Fort Harrison;
Governor Warren T. McCray; Mrs. Alice Foster
McCulloch of Fort Wayne; Mrs. Hugh McGibeny;
Charles A. McGonagle of Plainfield; Joseph A.
McGowan ; W. J. McKee of Pellston, Mich. ; Judge
Willis C. McMahan; James B. Mahan; Walter C.
Marmon; Henry W. Marshall, acting President of
Purdue ; Thomas R. Marshall ; Charles Martindale ;
W. J. Merrill; Charles W. Miller; Mark Miller;
Mrs. W. H. H. Miller; William J. Mooney; Louis
H. Moore of Fort Wayne; Charles W. Moores;
Judge David A. Myers and Quincy A. Myers.
N. Senator Harry S. New of Washington ; Arthur T.
Newby; L. Russell Newgent; William Newhouse
of Cumberland; Judge Alonzo L. Nichols; Mere-
dith Nicholson; J. H. Nicolas; Colonel H. F. Noble
of Culver; Rev. Raymond R. Noll.
0. Cornelius O'Brien of Lawrenceburg ; Howard
O'Neil of Crawf ordsville ; Perry O'Neil; Charles J.
Orbison, and Alvin M. Owsley.
P. Colonel J. K. Parsons of Ft. Harrison; Gavin L.
Payne; Colonel Oran Perry, and Alfred Potts.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 33
R. Lieutenant E. W. Read of Fort Harrison; Major-
General George W. Read of Fort Harrison; Mrs.
R. S. Records of Lawrence; Charles 0. Remster;
Judge Charles Remy; Lieutenant-Colonel J. C.
Rhea of Fort Harrison; Judge Arthur R. Robin-
son; Ben Rogers of Frankfort; Colonel E. A. Root;
Dr. Virgil Rorer; A. M. Rosenthal; Samuel D.
Royse of Terre Haute; John C. Ruckelshaus; Dr.
0. S. Runnels, and Oswald Ryan of Anderson.
S. John Scherer ; Lieutenant-Colonel Theodore Schultz
of Fort Harrison ; F. J. Schwartz ; Carl H. Shank ;
Joseph H. Shea; Elmer W. Sherwood of Linton;
Miss Mary 0. Siebenthal; Daniel W. Simms of La-
fayette; Fred C. Sims; L. E. Slack; W. L. Slink-
ard of Bloomfield; Charles B. Sommers; Marcus
S. Sonntag of Evansville; Major T. C. Spencer of
Fort Harrison; Frank D. Stalnaker; Mrs. H. P.
Stanford; John E. Stephenson; Colonel G. R. Stor-
mont of Lafayette; Elmer Stout; Philip B. Strapp
of Greensburg; Thomas L. Sullivan; Dr. J. A.
Swails of Acton ; Mrs. Lucius B. Swift, and Lucius
T. Thomas Taggart; Booth Tarkington; Harold Tay-
lor ; T. N. Taylor ; William M. Taylor ; Cecil Teague
of Brookville; Miss Mary L. Thomas; William H.
Thompson; Rev. Demetrius Tillotson; R. I. Todd;
Judge Howard L. Townsend; Judge Julius C.
Travis, and Harry D. Tutewiler.
V. Fred Van Nuys, and Tarquina L. Voss.
W. Major C. A. Waldman of Fort Harrison; Dr.
Ernest Wales ; Edmund Wasmuth ; Senator James
E. Watson of Washington ; Ben J. Watt of Prince-
ton; W. B. Wheelock; Larz A. Whitcomb; Rev.
Frank S. C. Wicks; Judge Benjamin M. Willough-
MARSHAL FOCH DAY
by; Dr. A. L. Wilson; Colonel J. S. Wilson of Fort
Harrison; Russell Wilson; Eben II. Wolcott ; Evans
Woollen; Dr. Frank B. Wynn, and Thomas A.
Y. Kenneth Yarnelle of Wabash, and George Yoke.
MARSHAL FOCH'S ARRIVAL IN INDIANAPOLIS
The train carrying Marshal Foch and his party from
St. Louis to Indianapolis arrived at the Union Station
promptly at nine o'clock a. m. The official reception
committee, headed by ex-Governor Samuel M. Ralston,
as Chairman, and two hundred citizens were at the sta-
tion to greet him, while thousands waited outside the
station and packed the streets leading to the Claypool
Hotel. As special aides to assist in conducting the
Marshal Foch party, Governor Ralston had appointed
Daniel I. Glossbrenner, Humphrey C. Harrington, W. T.
Escott, Perry O'Neil, and Henry Ketcham.
The ceremonies attending the Marshal's arrival and
the reception accorded him, are most fittingly described
by a reporter on one of the local papers.
"Up on the elevated tracks, to the rear and wholly
out of sight of the multitude that was waiting a sight
of the celebrity, a committee for reception gathered a
little while before the train arrived. Samuel M. Ral-
ston, former Governor of Indiana; Warren T. McCray,
Governor ; Captain Thomas M. Halls, chief of the secret
service for Indiana, with his assistants, high figures in
the several groups of soldiers, and citizens who, col-
lectively, presented a real and a notable representation
of the state and its handsome capitol, were there. The
vigilance of the secret service, of the police department
and the admonition of the committees served to keep
the spaces up there and in the main building below
it, clear of the mass of the waiting multitude, and clear
too, of all shoving, commotion or other disturbance.
"A glance at the faces of the men of the reception
line, as the train came thundering in from the west,
was worth while. Every eye was bright, every feature,
every attitude spelled keen expectancy.
Marsha] Foch and Party Btanding outside Union Station. As the band started to play
La Marseillaise, Marshal Foch stood at salute. Reading left to right: Governor Mc-
Cray; Mayor Jewett; Marshal Foch; Ex-Governor Ralston, and Dr. McCulloch.
Another view, showing the Reception Committee with Marshal Fcch at Union Station
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 37
"As the coaches came alongside the main body of the
waiting group, they gathered into a close-packed mass
at the steps of the car in which the Marshal and his
company were, and even before the train had come to
a full stop, they could see through the windows a little
band of blue-clad forms. There was a storm of cheer-
ing, spontaneous and prolonged, for the watchers knew
that one of those forms was that of the man whose
vision and courage, whose complex gifts summed up in
the great word "genius," availed to make 10,000,000
men become as a single sword in his hand, who wielded
the most stupendous army ever formed, and with it
overthrew the greatest menace that civilization ever
"Another moment and the man himself stepped
through the rear door and came down the steps ; a fig-
ure less than the medium height, slight, rather than
full in mold, precise and self-possessed in gesture and
giving at once the impression of exceeding force and
tenacity. This impression was reaffirmed by the face
of the man, a chin of that width and strength of chisel-
ing which is the sign of a will inflexible.
"The grizzled, grayish moustache did not conceal thf 1
lips, or the look of firmness they wore, yet the cut of
the mouth was not unkindly. The face was overrun
by creases that told of care, of trouble borne so long
that the stamp of it shall never entirely pass away. But
in the eyes of the man the reality of his character was
revealed still more convincingly.
"They were wide apart, gray eyes that looked coldly
down on the waiting group, for an instant. Then the
Marshal smiled and his face was transformed, and who-
ever saw him knew that he carried a large heart under
the gray of his cloak. He gave the quick, vivacious
French salute, and stepped down to grasp the hand of
MARSHAL FOCH DAY
former Governor Ralston, who was at the lower step of
'"Marshal Foch', said Mr. Ralston, 'two hundred
and fifty representative men and women of the Official
Reception Committee welcome you to our city and to
our state, and invoke the blessings of God upon you,
and upon your people.'
"The Marshal bowed in acknowledgment. In the
next few moments he gave his hand to all those near
him. Then he was taken, arm in arm by Mr. Ralston
and Governor McCray, and with secret service men pre-
ceding and following and with all the committee which
had been at the train pouring after, the guest de-
scended the stairway, passed to the south doors of the
waiting-room and inside, between the cheering ranks
in the main building.
"Except for a pathway, kept open by ropes and by
police patrols along them, every inch of the space in the
waiting-room was packed, and every voice was raised
in a thunder of salutation. With his hand at rigid
salute, the Marshal was escorted through the station
and down to the lower step on the north. There he and
those with him stood, while the Culver Band struck into
the rolling measures of "La Marseillaise." The Mar-
shal glanced toward the east, where the band stood, as
the strains burst out, and again came that transform-
"The shout that went up as he appeared on the steps
of the station arose in such volume that it seemed that
all the Iloosiers in the world must be contributing.
The clapping of thousands of hands swelled the tumult,
and the thunder of drums, of brass and silver instru-
ments, made it such a moment as the city had not
often, if indeed it had ever known. Save for his smile
and the quick salute, the great commander made no
sign. Standing surrounded by dignitaries to whose
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 39
shoulders the flaming red top of his round, gold-braided
cap hardly reached, he seemed still to be a saddened
'The ceremony had been brief at the train. It was
brief at the steps. A corps of photographers, stationed
a little way out from the station steps, snapped pic-
tures with lightning speed. The band, concluding the
great French hymn, swung into the American National
Anthem. Above and all about, the crisp breeze tossed
the Stars and Stripes and the tricolor of France into
intertwining folds, and the onlookers, unless they were
exceedingly matter-of-fact, had something of the emo-
tions of a swift and many-colored dream.
"Then the allied hero was helped to a seat in an auto-
mobile with Governor McCray, Hanford MacNider, the
new commander of The American Legion, and Dr. Mc-
Culloch. The Marshal's companions and the commit-
tees that had to do with the reception, entered other
machines, all in waiting. And with the chorus of
shouts of welcome, with the hurrahs of boys and men
and occasionally with the prayers of women, tremulous
blessings uttered through the tumult of acclaim raining
thick upon him, Ferdinand Foch was whirled away to
take his place in the second episode of his visit to the
Meridian Street north from Jackson Place, and
Washington Street, to the State House, were lined in
most instances back to the doors of the business houses
with a throng eager to see the military hero who di-
rected the allied armies to victory. As the official car
bearing Marshal Foch, and escorted by the Culver Mil-
itary Academy Band and Black Horse Troop, turned
into Meridian Street from Jackson Place, the crowds
quickly recognized the Marshal and cheers resounded.
All the way up Meridian Street one could hear the
cheers. There was a continuous ovation.
40 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
The crowd was most dense at Washington and Merid-
ian streets, where the line tinned toward the Claypool,
and just opposite the hotel. Many stood behind the
police lines opposite the Washington Street entrance to
the hotel for the halt-hour of the reception taking place
inside, waiting for Marshal Foch to reappear and start
for the Speedway.
Reception at Claypool Hotel
The official welcome of the city and the state was
extended to Marshal Foch and his party at the formal
reception in the mezzanine floor of the Claypool Hotel.
Escorted by Governor Warren T. McCray and former
Governor Samuel M. Ralston, the Marshal was taken
immediately to the mezzanine floor. After a private
welcome by the Governor and Mayor Charles W.
Jewett, the members of the special reception committee
passed by and greeted the French party.
Standing in the receiving line were Marshal Foch,
Governor McCray, Mayor Jewett, former Governor
Ralston, Mr. MacNider, General Desticker, Charles W.
Bertrand, General W. D. Connor, Count de Chambrun,
Colonel Frank Parker, Colonel Francis Drake, Major
De Mierry, Capt. L'llopital, Dr. De Songeyran and Dr.
Andre. After spending about half an hour in the Clay-
pool Hotel greeting hundreds of persons who passed
by and shook hands with the Marshal, he was then
taken to the Speedway to see the automobile races.
The Speedway Races
Following a brief rest in the private quarters pro-
vided for the Marshal at the Claypool Hotel, he was
then taken to the Speedway where a twenty-five mile
automobile race was staged in his honor. A crowd of
twenty-five thousand people had gathered in the grand
Marshal Foch extending congratulations to Eddie Hearne, winner of the 25-mile race.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY
stands, and when the Marshal's party leading a long
line of automobiles passed through the gates, a rousing
cheer was given in Foch's honor. He was driven on
the track in a special car. Police escorted the official
party, which rode in fifteen Indianapolis-made auto-
mobiles around the two-and-one-hall' mile track. He
then took his -eat in the top balcony of the judge's
stand, which was decorated with the tricolor of France,
and the Stars and Stripe-.
The race staged in Marshal Foch's honor was in-
deed a thriller. Several times during the race the
Marsha] inquired as to the speed the cars were mak-
ing. When informed that at the end of the third lap
the speed was ninety-eight miles an hour, he expressed
great astonishment. Two of the cars which were en-
tered in the race by the Duesenbergs were cars that
made enviable records in the Grand Prix Race, the
great French classic motor event of July, 1921.
Eddie Hearne driving a Duesenberg won the race, the
time being 15.14.2, or an average of 97.5 miles an hour.
After the race Marshal Foch spoke highly of the spe-
cial exhibition that had been given in his honor. The
novelty of an event of such a nature was indeed a
unique treat to the distinguished visitor. He enjoyed
it thoroughly since it was such a change from the for-
mal line of dinners and receptions, and because it
proved to be such a wonderful exhibition of American
Governor's Luncheon at Country Club
One of the special features of Marshal Foch Day was
a luncheon at the Indianapolis Country Club given in
his honor by Governor Warren T. McCray. En route to
the Country Club the party passed the school at Cler-
mont, where one hundred girls lined the curb, and
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 43
waved American and French flags in honor of the dis-
tinguished visitor. They in turn were happily saluted
by Marshal Foch.
In addition to Marshal Foch and his official party, the
following persons were special guests at the banquet :
Governor Warren T. McCray, Chairman
Judge Albert B. Anderson; Dr. Paul Andre;
Charles M. Bertrand; Lemuel L. Bolles; Colonel
Bridges; Count de Chambrun; French Consul
Christen; Charles F. Coffin; General W. D. Connor;
General Desticker; Franklin D'Olier; Colonel
Francis Drake ; John G. Emery ; Carl Fisher ; Wil-
liam Fortune; Col. Leigh Gignilliatt; Claude E.
Gregg; Charles W. Jewett; William A. Ketcham;
Delancy Kountze; Captain L'Hopital; Hanford
MacNider; Carleton B. McCulloch; Thomas R.
Marshall; Major De Mierry; Samuel D. Miller;
Colonel Frank Parker; Samuel M. Ralston; Gen-
eral George W. Read; Alton Roberts; Dr. De
Songeyran; Marcus S. Sonntag; Thomas Taggart,
and Robert Tyndall.
A special musical program in which all of the num-
bers were by French composers, had been provided by
the Orloff Trio as follows:
Gavotte Louis XIII Ghys
Berceuse "Jocelyn" Godard
Pas des Escharpes Chaminade
Le Cygne Saint-Saens
Arabesque De Bussy
Valse "Faust" Gounod
The only ceremony held at the Country Club was the
planting of an elm tree at the east corner of the lawn
by Marshal Foch.
The most spectacular feature of the entire day was
the military parade. For weeks preceding the coming
of Marshal Foch special efforts had been made through
the press, by correspondence, by telephone and tele-
graph, to bring together the greatest array of military
units that had ever assembled in Indiana. Under the
direction of Adjutant General Harry B. Smith, every
unit of the Indiana National Guard was urged to par-
ticipate in the parade. From the State Headquarters
of The American Legion, Indiana Department, special
appeals had been sent forth, urging every ex-service
man in the state to again don his uniform and march
with his comrades in honor of the great Chief who had
guided them on foreign soil.
The day preceding the arrival of the French Marshal
different units of the Indiana National Guard began to
assemble in Indianapolis. The guard was composed of
the 151st and 152d infantry regiments, the 139th and
the 181st artillery regiments, and a number of special
detachments. Every unit of the guard was repre-
sented. The units were from Indianapolis, Elkhart,
Frankfort, Ft. Wayne, Newcastle, Flora, Shelbyville,
Martinsville, Ladoga, Attica, Greensburg, Gary, Ma-
rion, Noblesville, Rensselaer, Salem, New Albany,
Delphi, Windfall, Rushville, Colfax, Columbia City,
Goshen, Muncie, Kokomo, Evansville, Angola, Colum-
bus, Spencer, Seymour, Darlington, Mishawaka and
A steady stream of special trains and interurban cars
brought the National Guard units to the city. Fifty
special interurban trains, four special steam trains and
special coaches on three regular steam trains were re-
quired to bring the Guardsmen. The special interur-
Upper view— Official car occupied by Marshal Foch, Governor McCray, Dr. McCulloch
Cleft seat), and Hanford MacN'ider (right seat). Lower view— Marsha! Foch and
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 47
ban cars were sent out to the various towns on the
night of November 3, in order to be ready to leave early
A special train on the Pennsylvania Railroad left
Gary and stopped at Flora, Frankfort, Colfax and
Darlington, bringing 200 National Guardsmen from
Gary, 50 from Flora, 150 from Frankfort, 50 from Col-
fax and 50 from Darlington. Another special running
over the Chicago and Eastern Illinois and Pennsylvania
Railroad brought 200 National Guardsmen from Evans-
ville and Terre Haute. A third special train over the
Pennsylvania Railroad brought from Madison Battery
E, 181st Field Artillery. It carried 96 officers and men
of Battery E and complete equipment. Eleven flat cars
were required to transport the 155mm. guns, tractors
and other equipment of this unit. The Mishawaka unit
of the National Guard, consisting of 90 men arrived in
three special coaches. Special interurban cars brought
National Guard units from Elkhart, Portland, New-
castle, Ft. Wayne, Marion, Noblesville, Windfall, Colum-
bia City, Goshen, Muncie, Kokomo, Angola, Tipton,
Martinsville, Attica, Ladoga, Delphi, Salem, New Al-
bany, Seymour, Columbus, Greensburg and Rushville.
A special train over the Monon brought the National
Guard company from Rensselaer.
Also a special train brought the Culver Black Horse
Troop and Band, numbering approximately 150 men.
The Indiana University band of 90 men and 90 Bloom-
ington National Guardsmen arrived in four special
coaches over the Pennsylvania Railroad,
The parade was organized under the following special
orders of Adjutant General Smith:
48 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Marshal Foch Parade.
Orders No. 1.
1. The parade will be held on Friday, November
4th, at 2:00 p. m.
2. The following oflicers will serve as Assistant
Marshals, and are assigned as follows:
Colonel William G. Everson
Major Albert T. Rich
Major Pearle A. Davis
Major Glenn Van Auken
Captain Louis J. Rosier, Jr.
Captain Lee S. Busch
Lieutenant H. D. Galiher
Second Division —
Colonel Robert L. Moorhead
Major Will O. Jericho
Major Brandt Downey
Captain Louis J. Morgan
Captain Myron Cosier
Third Division —
Colonel Gideon W. Blain
Major Arthur Robinson
Major Clarence Martin
Captain Charles O. Wesbey
Captain Bertram Kingsbury
Fourth Division —
Major Joseph II. Ward
Major A. H. Wilson
Major Fred Stokes
Captain E. Bailey
Lieutenant J. A. Bryant
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 49
Fifth Division —
Major John J. Boaz, M. C.
Captain Samuel Fletcher
The Assistant Marshals will report to the Grand
Marshal at the office of the Quartermaster General at
1 :00 p. m. on the day of the parade.
3. Organizations will form at the points indicated
below, and be ready to move at 1 :30 p. m. The parade
will move promptly at 2:00 p. m. The Assistant Mar-
shals will march at the head of their various divisions.
First Division —
11th Infantry Band
Battalion 11th U. S. Infantry
Form on south side of Washington Street, facing
east. Head of column about 100 feet west of Capitol
Culver Military Band
Black Horse Troop
Marshal Foch and Reception Committee (in autos)
Form on south side of Washington Street, right
resting on Senate Avenue, facing east.
151st Infantry Band, I. N. G.
151st Infantry, I. N. G.
Form on east side of North Senate Avenue, right
resting on Washington Street, facing south.
181st Field Artillery Band, I. N. G.
181st Field Artillery, I. N. G.
Form on east side of South Senate Avenue, right
resting on Washington Street, facing north.
50 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Form on west side of North Senate Avenue, right
resting on Washington Street, facing south.
139th Field Artillery
Form on west side of South Senate Avenue, right
resting on Washington Street, facing north.
Third Division —
American Legion Band
Foreign Service Men (in uniform)
Form on west side of North Missouri Street, right
resting on Washington Street, facing south.
Ladies American Legion Auxiliary
Ladies A. W. O. L.
Berry-Copeland Post of ex-Service Nurses
Form on south side of West Market Street, right
resting on Missouri Street, facing east.
Indiana University Band
Foreign Service Men (not in uniform)
Form on west side of South Missouri Street, right
resting on Washington Street, facing north.
Fourth Division —
Colored American Legion Band
Colored American Legion
Form on south side of Washington Street, right
resting on Missouri Street, facing east.
Fifth Division —
Depauw University Band
Wounded Soldiers (in autos)
Form on west side of North Capitol Avenue, right
resting on Washington Street, facing south.
4. Headquarters will be established at Capitol Ave-
nue and Washington Street, and organizations will re-
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 51
port ready to move as soon as they have taken posi-
5. Line of March:
Parade moves east on the south side of Washing-
ton Street to Pennsylvania Street, countermarches
on north side of Washington Street to Meridian
Street, north on Meridian Street around west side
of Circle (%) to East Market Street, east on Mar-
ket Street to Pennsylvania Street, north on Penn-
sylvania Street to North Street, east on North
Street to Delaware Street, north on Delaware
Street to Sixteenth Street, west on Sixteenth
Street to Meridian Street, south on Meridian
Street to New York Street, west on New York
Street to Senate Avenue, and disband.
6. The reviewing stand will be at the southwest
corner of Meridian and Vermont streets.
By direction of General Harry B. Smith, Grand Mar-
MAJOR MARSHALL T. LEVEY,
Chief of Staff.
As the hour of the parade approached, it seemed as
if the whole State of Indiana were present to partici-
pate in the event, either to march in review, or to view
it from the sidelines. In anticipation of the huge
crowds special precautions had been taken by Alexan-
der L. Taggart, President of the Board of Public Safe-
ty, and who had been named as Chairman of the Com-
mittee on Police, by issuing orders demanding that fol-
lowing the hour of six o'clock a.m., the entire parade
area would be closed.- No parking or traffic of any de-
scription was permitted within the restricted zone.
Special guards were appointed to prevent anyone from
attempting to enter the restricted area with a vehicle.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 53
The official order announced that this would be "pedes-
trian's day", and due to the fact that the line of march
would extend almost five miles, the crowds were urged
to distribute themselves along the entire distance.
Promptly at two o'clock the parade started and the
different units swung into line of march in honor of the
great commander that had led them to victory a short
three years ago. The weather for that day was per-
fect. The bright blue sky gave the sun a chance to
beam down on a city and state that had given over a
day in honor of the greatest hero of modern times.
In the first automobile rode Marshal Foch, Governor
McCray, Dr. Carleton B. McCulloch, chairman of the
executive committee, and Hanford MacNider, National
Commander of The American Legion.
In the second car: Mayor Charles W. Jewett, Major
General George W. Read, General Desticker of the Foch
party, chief of staff for Marshal Foch since 1914 ; Brig-
adier General W. D. Connor, U. S. A., attached to the
Foch party; Alvin B. Roberts of Michigan, chairman
of the distinguished visitors committee of The Amer-
In the third car: Charles F. Coffin, president of the
Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce; Charles M. Ber-
trand of the Foch party, the president of the Inter-
Allied Veterans' Association; Count de Chambrun, a
descendent of Lafayette; Franklin D'Olier, ex-national
commander of the Legion ; Thomas R. Marshall, ex-vice-
president of the United States, and Samuel M. Ralston,
ex-governor of Indiana.
In the fourth car : Samuel D. Miller of the executive
committee, Major De Mierry of the Foch staff, Colonel
Frank Parker, United States Army, attached to the
Foch party as honorary aide to the Marshal; Captain
L'Hopital, personal aide to Marshal Foch; DeLancy
54 MARSHAL FoCH DAY
Kountze, a member of the distinguished visitor's com-
mittee of the Legion, and Judge Albeit B. Anderson.
In the fifth car: Robert H. Tyndall, national treas-
urer of The American Legion and ex-colonel of the
150th Field Artillery of the Rainbow Division ; Colonel
Francis Drake, commander of the French department
of the Legion ; Lieut. De Songeyran of the Foch party ;
Dr. Andre, personal physician to Marshal Foch; Lemuel
Bolles, national adjutant of the Legion, and Monsigneur
Francis II. Gavisk.
In the sixth car: William A. Ketcham, past grand
commander of the Grand Army of the Republic ; Robert
C. Norton ; Mr. Hutchins ; D. W. Montgomery ; and Van
R. C. King of the National Legion Committee, and
Marcus S. Sonntag of Evansville, chairman of the Indi-
ana War Memorial Commission.
In the seventh car: Ralph A. Lemcke, chairman of
the committee on decoration ; Thomas Taggart ; John
J. Wicker; W. W. Smith; Leo A. Stafford; and C. E.
McCullough of the National Legion Committee.
In the eighth car: Colonel Bridges, chief of staff of
the Fifth Army Corps Area; J. M. Loughborough;
Fred Dickman ; J. F. Garrity and Lieut. Van Den Ecke
of the Legion Committee; and T. A. Christen, consul
of France for the Cincinnati district.
The showing made by the recently organized Indiana
National Guard, with approximately 4,600 men in line
of march, was an inspiring sight. Numerous were the
comments heard regarding the different units. The
following letter is typical of several similar expressions
received by Adjutant General Harry B. Smith:
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 55
HEADQUARTERS FIFTH CORPS AREA
Fort Benjamin Harrison
November 10, 1921.
Hon. Warren T. McCray,
Governor of Indiana,
I wish to congratulate you upon the splendid ap-
pearance of the Indiana National Guard at the review
given to Marshal Foch on November 4th. It is a force
that the state may well be proud of.
The excellent condition of the equipment of the Bat-
tery from Madison showed painstaking care and atten-
tion and was a subject of much favorable comment.
G. W. READ,
Major General, U. S. Army.
The Battery from Madison referred to in the letter
was Battery E, 181st Field Artillery, which appeared
with its full equipment, including 155mm. guns and
caterpillar tractors. The battery had its equipment in
the best of order and it brought forth cheers all along
the line of march.
Marshal Foch's car was escorted by the famous Black
Horse Troop from Culver Military Academy, one of the
picked cavalry troops of the United States. The Cul-
ver lads with their gray-blue uniforms trimmed in
black, with saddle blankets of the same color, and their
drawn sabres flashing in the sunlight, presented a pic-
ture which will ever be remembered by the thousands
who lined the streets on that memorable day.
The showing made by Black Horse Troop from Cul-
ver Military Academy was one of the outstanding fea-
56 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
tures of the parade. Marshal Foch was so pleased with
this unit that he addressed a special letter to Colonel
Gignilliatt congratulating him upon the equipment and
bearing of the Culver cadets. Following is a copy of
'.A HI r HAL F<.
; : - [921 .
La I) - i at l'al
•--•■ - ... try Acad
. . I do 3 6;' our, ^9
;' ' _ . lit a 1 . . bra
3a I . ina uq Imai toutes
rr.8 8 .
1* i- rdial a .--
, Mon char L t l'a i-
November 15, 1921.
My Dear Colonel :
The brilliant equipment and bearing of the cadets of
Culver Military Academy impressed me vividly during
the stay which I made in Indianapolis on the fourth of
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 57
I am desirous of conveying to you my congratulations
upon this event and of asking you to express to your
young subordinates my cordial recollection of them.
Accept, my dear Colonel, the assurance of my best
(Signed) F. FOCH.
Presentation of Laurel Wreath to "Miss Indiana"
When the Marshal's car reached Monument Circle,
Miss Celine Popp and Miss Katrina Fertig of the Alli-
ance Francaise stepped from the sidelines with a large
bouquet of roses. This floral token was presented to
Marshal Foch in behalf of the Alliance. Arriving at
the south front of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument,
Marshal Foch's car stopped, and he descended with his
aide, General Desticker. Here occurred one of the
most beautiful ceremonies of the day, the presentation
of a laurel wreath to "Miss Indiana." Marshal Foch
and his aide slowly ascended the south steps of the
monument, and as they reached the top of the first
flight of steps, the Marshal paused and reverently gazed
upon the towering shaft, the shrine of patriotism for
Indiana's "Silent Victors." Then with his aide he ap-
proached "Miss Indiana," represented by Mrs. John
Harrison Bull, and presented the wreath. The large iron
gates at the base of the monument swung open, and re-
ceived "Miss Indiana," bearing this memorable token of
friendship from our Allied nation. While the ceremony
was taking place, the chimes on the Christ Church
played "Lead, Kindly Light," and the thousands who
lined the sidewalks around Monument Circle stood in
silent reverence, and renewed their pledge to forever
stand by our sister republic in fighting for the freedom
of humanity. The laurel wreath was later placed in a
special case provided for its safe-keeping, and will be
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 59
viewed by thousands of visitors as a symbol of friend-
ship between the American and French nations. Mar-
shal Foch then returned to his official car, and the pa-
Amidst the joy and exhilaration that marked the
passing of the parade, there was one division that
brought a feeling of sadness to the hearts of the spec-
tators. This was the sight of the disabled veterans,
who were given special honors in the parade. It
seemed that every wounded veteran who was able to
take part in the parade was present. A special com-
mittee headed by Mrs. Wilbur F. Johnson, had made
careful plans for providing all disabled veterans a
chance to take part in the parade. Some sixty auto-
mobiles were engaged to transport these heroes. A
long line of flag-draped cars driven by women dressed
in the attractive uniform of the Motor Corps drivers,
filled with men who had suffered wounds or contracted
illness from which they had failed to recover after a
period of three years passed in review. Generous indeed
were the cheers given to these battle-scarred veterans.
Although bearing the marks of the field of battle, or the
devastation of disease, their pride was not humbled and
their spirit mingled with the happy prayers of rejoicing
that went up from thousands of hearts.
The committee in charge of providing cars for the
disabled veterans consisted of:
Mrs. Wilbur Johnson, Chairman; Mrs. Stuart
Dean ; Mrs. Russell Fortune ; Mrs. T. B. Hamilton ;
Mrs. Robert Hassler; Mrs. E. C. Henderson; Mrs.
L. B. Hopkins; Miss Margaret McCulloch; Mrs.
Chauncey DeWitt Meier; Mrs. Charles E. Millard;
o -' -
- t -
"on ' -
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 61
Mrs. F. E. Moskovics; Mrs. Nicholas Noyes; Mrs.
Richard Smitheram, and Mrs. Gordon Tanner.
A. Mrs. F. L. Allen, and Miss Mable Ayres.
B. Mrs. H. H. Brooks.
C. Miss Helen Caperton; Mrs. G. H. A. Clowes; Miss
Elizabeth Clune ; Miss Carolyn Coffin ; Mrs. Albert
M. Cole, and Miss Mildred Conklin.
D. Miss Dorothy Darmody.
E. Mrs. A. W. Early.
F. Miss L. Feeney; Mrs. J. W. Fesler; Miss Marjorie
Fisher, and Mrs. H. R. Fitton.
G. Mrs. Jack Gould.
H. Miss Virginia Hall; Mrs. R. H. Hassler; Miss
Amelia Henderson; Mrs. C. E. Henderson; Miss
Dorothy Herd; Mrs. G. E. Home; Miss Beulah
House, and Miss Ethel Hutchinson.
J. Mrs. Wilbur Johnson.
K. Mrs. J. L. Kalleen; Mrs. Robert Kendrick; Miss
Pearl Kiefer; Mrs. Lucien King, and Mrs. E. L.
L. Miss Sara Lauter.
M. Mrs. H. B. McColley; Miss Margaret McCulloch;
Miss Lillian McMurray ; Mrs. Charles Millard ; Mrs.
F. E. Moskovics, and Mrs. J. F. Mover.
N. Mrs. Nicholas H. Noyes.
0. Mrs. Warren Oakes.
P. Mrs. P. T. Payne, and Mrs. H. L. Peterson.
R. Mrs. G. A. Ramsdell, and Mrs. William M. Rock-
S. Miss Ruth Sheerin ; Mrs. Thomas Sheerin ; Mrs. F.
Z. Sherer; Mrs. Richard Sinclair; Mrs. R. W.
Smitheram, and Mrs. Samuel Sutphin.
Picture of Marshal Foch with his aide presenting the Laurel Wreath to "Miss Indiana"
(Mrs. John H. Bull).
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 63
T. Mrs. Gordon Tanner; Mrs. Donald Test; Miss Dor-
othy Test; Mrs. Skiles Test, and Mrs. Robert H.
V. Miss Rosamond Van Camp ; Mrs. Anton Vonnegut,
and Mrs. C. F. Voyles.
W. Mrs. A. L. Walters, and Mrs. Douglas Wheeler.
W. H. Biddlecomb; Stuart Dean; A. Kuiker; H.
B. McNeeley, Jr. ; A. B. Prouty, and H. M. Winter-
L to J
The following men from the U. S. Veterans' Bureau
assisted in recruiting and gathering up the disabled
William P. Snethen, Chairman ; John H. Ale ; Dr.
Charles Bayer ; Dr. John Hoffman ; Dr. Charles W.
Myers; Dr. Melville Ross, and Dr. Carroll Tucker.
The "Living Red Cross"
Another beautiful feature of the parade was the
"Living Red Cross." On the north side of the Soldiers'
and Sailors' Monument a white field represented by a
white canvas had been prepared, and under the direc-
tion of Mr. William Fortune, Chairman of the Indian-
apolis Chapter of the American Red Cross, and Miss
Agnes F. Cruse, Secretary, four hundred Indianapolis
women, wearing red head-dress and scarfs, were massed
in the form of the symbol of the Red Cross. As the
slanting rays of the November sun shown down upon
the brilliant red, contrasted against a field of white it
presented one of the most beautiful pictures of the
A list of those who took part in the formation of
the "Living Red Cross" is herewith included:
64 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
Mrs. Hugh McGibeny, Chairman
Section No. 1 —
Miss Martha Carey, Captain
Lieutenants: Mrs. William II. Coleman
Mrs. Howard Gay
Mrs. Walter Mayer
Mrs. Fred Sims
Mrs. Clarence Strickland
Mrs. Frank G. Wood
Section No. 2 —
Miss Natalie Brush, Captain
Lieutenants: Miss Jane Ridgely
Mrs. Theodore Stein, Jr.
Mrs. Henry Talbott
Miss Emma Vahle
Section No. 3 —
Mrs. Wolf Sussman, Captain
Lieutenants: Mrs. W. H. Blodgett
Mrs. J. Albert Bristow
Mrs. A. B. Conkle
Miss Frances B. Eichman
Mrs. C. H. Jose
Mrs. LeRoy Kahler
Mrs. J. C. Riddle
Miss Alma Sickler
Mrs. Charles R. Sowder
Mrs. George Traugott
Mrs. Louis Wolf
Section No. 4 —
Mrs. C. J. Roach, Captain
Lieutenants: Mrs. Wilbur Dark
Mrs. Harry W. Griffith
Mrs. Fred Hoke
Mrs. Ralph Kennington
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 65
Mrs. James Taylor
Mrs. Stanley M. Timberlake
Mrs. Frank Wood
Section No. 5 —
Mrs. Herbert T. Wagner, Captain
Lieutenants: Mrs. W. J. Beckett
Mrs. J. E. Florea
Mrs. Kin Hubbard
Miss Charlotte Lesh
Mrs. Gavin Payne
Mrs. S. E. Perkins
Mrs. P. C. Rubush
A. Mrs. Robert P. Alexander ; Mrs. Sam Ashby ; Miss
Sarah Ashby; Miss Merrill Ashley; Mrs. Sarah
Avery; Mrs. Otto D. Axline; Mrs. A. S. Ayres, and
Mrs. Fred M. Ayres.
B. Mrs. F. J. Bagley; Miss Julia Bailey; Mrs. P. B.
Bailey; Mrs. A. M. Baker; Mrs. J. T. Baker; Mrs.
U. G. Baker; Mrs. E. Bamberger; Mrs. W. D.
Bancker ; Mrs. J. F. Barnhill ; Miss May Barr ; Mrs.
W. E. Barton; Mrs. Charles F. Bayer; Miss Edith
Becker; Mrs. J. R. Beckett; Mrs. A. L. Benson;
Mrs. Frank Berlin ; Miss Addy Birch ; Mrs. W. H.
Blodgett ; Mrs. Charles Bookwalter ; Mrs. F. Born ;
Mrs. Isaac Born; Miss Nell Bracken; Miss Mar-
garet Braun; Mrs. Francis Brickley; Miss Julia
Brink; Mrs. J. A. Bristow; Miss Anna Broch-
hausen ; Mrs. Austin Brown ; Mrs. William Brown ;
Mrs. William J. Brown; Mrs. J. T. Brush; Miss
Natalie Brush; Mrs. Albert Burdilf; Mrs. E. L.
Burnett, and Miss Emma Byfield.
C. Mrs. E. A. Cahill; Mrs. John N. Carey; Miss
Martha Carey; Mrs. Alvin Carpenter; Mrs. D. B.
Carter; Mrs. Jackson Carter; Miss Lucile Carter;
Miss Ada Case; Mrs. George Catterson; Mrs. A.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 67
B. Chapman; Mrs. Walter Child; Miss Sue Chip-
man; Mrs. Henry Churchman; Mrs. A. J. Clark;
Mrs. Edwin Clark; Mrs. Benjamin Claypool; Miss
Mildred Clearwater; Miss Catherine Coburn; Mrs.
Albert W. Coffin; Mrs. Charles Coffin; Miss Flor-
ence Coffin; Miss Belle Cohn; Mrs. W. H. Cole-
man ; Mrs. George Combs ; Mrs. A. B. Conkle ; Mrs.
John Connor; Mrs. George Conover; Mrs. Louis
Corcoran; Mrs. E. L. Cothrell; Miss Zelma Cray-
bill; Mrs. M. Creasy; Mrs. H. A. Crossland; Miss
Agnes Cruse ; Miss Helen Cruse, and Mrs. Warren
D. Mrs. E. T. Daab; Mrs. Wilbur Dark; Mrs. James
P. Darnell; Mrs. Charles Davidson; Miss May
Davis; Mrs. Thomas W. Demmerly; Miss Eleanor
Dickson; Miss Harriet Dithmer; Mrs. Samuel
Dowden ; Mrs. Charles Dryer ; Mrs. F. M. Dunning,
and Mrs. H. B. Durberrow.
E. Miss Minnie Eck; Mrs. Louis Efroymson; Miss
Frances Eichman; Mrs. F. E. Ellis; Mrs. J. B.
Elstun; Mrs. Edwin Embich; Mrs. W. A. Esch-
bach; Miss D. Eufey; Miss Edith Evans; Miss
Margaret Evans, and Mrs. William Everly.
F. Mrs. Richard Fairbanks; Mrs. Thomas Farrell;
Mrs. C. E. Ferrell; Mrs. Morris M. Feuerlicht ; Miss
Julia Fish; Mrs. John Fishback; Mrs. C. B.
Fletcher; Mrs. E. E. Fletcher; Mrs. Jesse Fletcher;
Mrs. J. E. Florea; Mrs. David Fox; Mrs. Joseph
M. Francis, and Mrs. M. E. French.
G. Mrs. Charlotte Gall; Mrs. H. 0. Garman; Mrs.
Frank Garstang; Mrs. Reginald Garstang; Mrs.
Gerald Gates; Mrs. W. B. Gates; Mrs. Zola
Gaumer; Mrs. Clifford Gay; Mrs. George Gay;
Mrs. Howard Gay; Mrs. Pierce Gay; Mrs. George
A. Geise; Mrs. Walter Geisel; Mrs. Carl Gibbs;
<;s MARSHAL FOCH PAY
Mrs. L. Godman ; Mrs. L. Goldsmith; Mrs. II. D.
Goode; Mrs. J. F. Goodwin; Mrs. G. \V. Gordon;
Mrs. John S. Gordon; Mrs. Jack Gould; Mrs. M. L.
Gould; Miss Daisy Graffty; Mrs. Agnes F. Gran-
nis; Mrs. E. C. Gray; Mrs. Myron It. Green; Mrs.
Walter Green; Miss. Doris Greeson ; Mrs. F. F.
Gregory; Miss Anna Louise Griffith; Mrs. Harry
Griffith; Mrs. William Griffith, and Mrs. Harry
II. Miss Edna Haddath ; Mrs. H. II. Hadley; Mrs.
Frank Haight ; Mrs. Charles Hall ; Mrs. Lawrence
Halstead; Mrs. Harry Hammond; Mrs. Carrie M.
Handy; Mrs. C. H. Hardy; Mrs. Edward Harmon;
Mrs. Warren C. Harrell ; Miss Gladys Hartman ;
Miss Laura Hartman ; Mrs. Otto F. Haueisen ; Mrs.
Don P. Hawkins; Miss Marie Hawekotte; Miss
Virginia Hayes; Miss Hattie Haymann ; Mrs. Paul
Haynes ; Mrs. W. H. Hayward ; Miss Jessie Heath ;
Mrs. W. L. Heiskell; Mrs. Fred Helk; Mrs. John
Hendricks; Mrs. E. G. Hereth; Mrs. Harriett
Hereth; Mrs. Don Herrold; Mrs. H. B. Hey wood ;
Miss Iona Hirsch ; Mrs. E. L. Hitch ; Mrs. Cushman
Hoke; Miss Alice Ilolliday; Mrs. Frederick Ilolli-
day ; Miss Lucy Ilolliday; Mrs. W. J. Ilolliday, Jr. ;
Miss Elizabeth Horner; Mrs. Arnold Houser; Mrs.
Kin Hubbard; Mrs. W. J. Hubbard; Mrs. Henry
Huder; Mrs. E. O. Hunter, and Mrs. J. N. Hurty.
J. Mrs. H. Jacobs ; Mrs. Rosina Jacobs ; Miss Marie
Jensen; Mrs. John B. Johnson; Mrs. Richard 0.
Johnson ; Mrs. Russell Johnson ; Miss Helen John-
ston, and Mrs. C. H. Jose.
K. Miss Sara Frances Kackley ; Mrs. LeRoy Kahler;
Mrs. David Kahn ; Mrs. Henry Kahn; Mrs. Ella H.
Kalley; Miss June Keefauvre; Mrs. E. A. Kemp;
Mrs. W. II. Kennedy; Mrs. Ralph Kennington;
Mrs. Henry Ketcham; Mrs. Ray Kibler; Mrs. Ed-
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 69
son Kidder; Mrs. Irving King; Mrs. G. S. King-
ston ; Miss Jessie Klingman ; Mrs. Ernest Kneffler ;
Miss Arda Knox; Mrs. Will Kortepeter, and Mrs.
L. Miss Elizabeth Lair; Mrs. Hugh McK. Landon;
Mrs. Austin Laycock; Miss Mary Laycock; Mrs.
Edward Legg; Mrs. Guy Lemon; Mrs. Charles P.
Lesh ; Miss Charlotte Lesh ; Miss Helen Lesh ; Mrs.
P. W. Lesh; Mrs. Louis Levey; Mrs. Marshal
Levey; Mrs. R. Levi; Mrs. A. L. Lockridge; Miss
Ethel Lomasney; Mrs. Leo Lowey; Mrs. 0. C.
Lukinbill; Mrs. David Lurvey, and Mrs. C. R.
M. Mrs. R. 0. McAlexander; Mrs. Bert McBride; Mrs.
Fred McCarthy; Mrs. E. H. K. McComb; Mrs. F.
W. McDougall; Miss Katherine McNamara; Mrs.
M. H. K. Malone; Mrs. C. M. Malott; Mrs. Frank
Malott; Mrs. H. A. Mansfield; Mrs. L. A. Mans-
field ; Mrs. Walter Marmon ; Mrs. Val Martin ; Mrs.
J. L. Mason; Mrs. 0. C. Maurer; Mrs. Bruce Max-
well ; Mrs. S. Mayer ; Mrs. Walter R. Mayer ; Mrs.
C. W. Meinsinger; Mrs. R. L. Mellett; Mrs. J. C.
Mendenhall ; Miss Marian Messick ; Mrs. B. Meyer ;
Mrs. Claude Miller; Mrs. H. D. Miller; Mrs. Wil-
liam W. Miller; Mrs. Robert Milliken; Miss Anna
Mock; Mrs. Hazel Moore; Mrs. H. M. Moore; Mrs.
J. M. Moores; Mrs. J. M. Moorland; Mrs. Owen
Mothershead ; Mrs. B. Moyer ; Miss Emma Mullen ;
Miss Kate Murphy; Mrs. Theodore Myers, and
Mrs. W. A. Myers.
N. Miss Mary Neil; Mrs. J. B. Nelson; Mrs. Laura
Neu; Mrs. J. H. Nicholas; Mrs. Charles Nichols;
Mrs. Clarence Nicols, and Mrs. James Noel.
O. Mrs. George O'Connor; Mrs. G. S. O'Connor; Mrs.
M. M. O'Connor; Mrs. Harry Ohr, and Mrs. W. H.
70 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
P. Mrs. E. E. Padgett; Mrs. E. R. G. Parker; Miss
Frances Parsons; Mis. Gavin Payne; Mis. Charles
Pearce; Miss Carrie Perkins; Mrs. S. E. Perkins;
Mis. Norman Perry; Mrs. John Pfaff; Mrs. 0. G.
Pfaff; Mrs. Walter Pfaff ; Mrs. I. J. Price, and Mrs.
O. M. Pruitt.
R. Miss Olive Radian ; Mrs. Oren Ragsdale ; Miss Ruth
May Railsback; Mrs. Robert Ramsey; Mrs. Frank
Randall; Miss Lorena Ray; Mrs. Henry I. Ray-
mond; Miss Lillian Reeves; Mrs. Lilly Reeves;
Mrs. A. Renard ; Miss Laura Reynolds ; Mrs. J. V.
Richardson; Mrs. T. A. Richardson; Mrs. Charles
Riddel; Mrs. J. C. Riddle; Miss Jane Ridgeley;
Miss Lollie Ringgold; Mrs. Claude Ritchie; Mrs.
Clyde J. Roach; Mrs. James Roberts; Mrs. E. J.
Robinson; Mrs. George Ross; Mrs. P. C. Rubush ;
Mrs. E. Runkle; Mrs. I. E. Rush; Miss Magenta
Ryan, and Mrs. Chester A. Ryker.
S. Mrs. L. Sagalowsky ; Mrs. J. Sampson ; Mrs. G. M.
Sanborn; Mrs. Charles Schaff; Mrs. Bloor Schlep-
py ; Mrs. Eli Schloss ; Mrs. Sarah Schmidt ; Mrs. G.
II. Schmoe; Mrs. Fred Schortemeier ; Mrs. Edwin
Schuler; Mrs. M. Scott; Mrs. S. Sebel; Miss Sayde
Sebel ; Mrs. E. S. Severin ; Miss Anna Sharp ; Mrs.
M. V. Sharritts; Miss Florence Shearer; Mrs. H.
C. H. Shearman ; Miss Margaret Shipp ; Miss Grace
Shirley; Mrs. Marion Shreeve; Mrs. Julia Shub-
rick; Mrs. G. Shuler; Miss Alma Sickler; Mrs.
Fred Sims ; Mrs. Elmer Singer ; Mrs. J. R. Smith ;
Mrs. W. C. Smith ; Mrs. C. R. Sowders ; Mrs. Elmer
E. Spenner; Miss Helen Spring; Mrs. Guy Stay-
man; Mrs. Theodore Stein; Mrs. Robert Stephen-
son; Mrs. T. B. Stevenson; Miss Jean Stewart;
Miss Mae Strawn; Mrs. J. Street; Mrs. Clarence
Strickland; Miss Vay Stringer; Mrs. A. L. Stubbs;
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 71
Mrs. Thomas Stucky; Mrs. Daniel Sullivan, and
Mrs. Wolf Sussman.
T. Mrs. Henry M. Talbott ; Miss Florence Taylor ; Mrs.
Franklin Taylor; Mrs. James Taylor; Miss Nell
Taylor; Mrs. W. L. Taylor; Mrs. Stanley M.
Timberlake; Mrs. W. Tomlinson; Mrs. Charles
Trotter; Mrs. C. D. Trowbridge; Mrs. Charles
Turner, and Mrs. Robert Tyler.
U. Mrs. Albert Uhl.
V. Miss Emma Vahle; Mrs. R. P. Van Camp; Miss
Josephine Vestal; Mrs. Almus Vinton, and Mrs.
W. Miss Flora Wachstetter; Miss Coradell Wade;
Miss Eva Waggoner; Miss Nell Wadley; Mrs.
Herbert T. Wagner; Mrs. Hattie Wanglin; Mrs. 0.
L. Watkins ; Miss Joy Weer ; Mrs. W. A. Welden ;
Mrs. C. R. Wellover; Miss Christine Wente; Mrs.
C. E. Wesbey; Mrs. Cora Young Wiles; Mrs.
Lavina Williams; Mrs. Myron Williams; Mrs.
Arthur Wills; Miss Mary Winter; Mrs. Charles
Woerner; Mrs. Louis Wolf; Mrs. Charles Wood;
Mrs. E. M. Wood; Mrs. F. G. Wood; Mrs. Grace
Wood ; Mrs. Horace Wood ; Mrs. Benjamin Wright ;
Mrs. P. F. Wright, and Mrs. Isador Wulfson.
Y. Mrs. Fred Young.
Z. Mrs. Shaffer Ziegler.
After the advance guard of the parade had made its
way through the roped-off, flag-draped streets, and
had reached the reviewing stand located at the corner
of Vermont and Meridian streets, Marshal Foch and his
party left their cars and took their places in the stand.
As the Marshal climbed into the box reserved for him,
he acknowledged the shouts of the admiring thousands
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 73
of people near enough to recognize him. To his left sat
Governor McCray, while to his right sat his inter-
preter, Sir Francis Drake. Grouped about Marshal
Foch were General Desticker, Captain L'Hopital,
Lieut. DeSongeyran, Lieut. Van Den Ecke of his own
party; Major General George Read, commanding 5th
Army Corps of United States at Fort Benjamin Harri-
son, Colonel L. R. Gignilliatt of Culver Military Acad-
emy, Colonel John B. Reynolds, secretary of the Indian-
apolis Chamber of Commerce ; ex-vice-president Thom-
as R. Marshall, Dr. C. B. McCulloch, and other mem-
bers of the Executive Committee.
As the various organizations passed the reviewing
stand, the distinguished visitor manifested the keen-
est delight in exchanging greetings and salutes. A re-
porter on one of the local papers related in his happy
manner some of the events that occurred. "When the
Purdue University Band passed, playing the war songs,
'Over There' was recognized by the Marshal and his
face lighted up like a school boy.
" That is a favorite,' he said to Governor McCray.
"A battery of newspaper photographers ranged up
in front of the box and aimed their cameras at the
Marshal, and the famous smile that won a war flashed
as he said:
" 'Voila, there are many of the press gentlemen.'
The cameras clicked and he settled back in his position.
"As the National Guard of Indiana swung into view,
the Marshal turned to Mr. Drake and said:
" 'These are the fellows who made a great American
army, and look so young.' Mr. Drake told him that
the guard had been reenlisted and was not fully drilled.
The Marshal laughed and said:
" Tt does not take them long to learn, they are husky
fellows.' He then asked about the number of men In-
Reviewing Stand: Governor Mc( Yay, Man-dial Koch, Ilanford .MaeXidcr, National
Commander American Legion.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 75
diana sent to the World War and seemed surprised
"One disabled soldier leaning out of the automobile
window with a camera snapped a picture of the Mar-
shal. The Marshal obliged him with one of his smiles
and the ex-soldier came to a snappy salute.
"Several incidents noticeable only to soldiers who
had served in the A. E. F. brought laughter, as the pa-
rade was passing the reviewing stand. One officer evi-
dently not up to the mark on the question of salutes,
brought his hand smartly to his cap with his hand in
the position as used by the French army and was re-
warded by a salute from the Marshal and his staff.
"When the naval men came abreast of the stand and
the band played a popular marine air, Marshal Foch
exclaimed, 'Ah! it is the men of the navy, how well
they look.' Two flanks of naval officers dressed in full
uniform saluted and the return was an applaud from
DEDICATION OF CORNER STONE FOR THE
AMERICAN LEGION BUILDING
Perhaps the most impressive ceremony of Marshal
Foch's visit to Indianapolis was the dedication of the
stone that is to become the corner stone of Indiana's
War Memorial Building;, the home of the National
Headquarters of The American Legion. This special
stone was once a part of a bridge over the Marne River
at Chateau Thierry, where the American troops made
their first determined stand against the enemy in July,
1918. The people of France presented this historic
stone to The American Legion to be used as the corner
stone for its National Headquarters Building. The
ceremony which occurred shortly after four o'clock,
took place on the west half of University Park; the
ground being a part of the World War Memorial Plaza
site, in which the War Memorial Building is to be
erected. Claude E. Gregg, State Commander of The
American Legion, Indiana Department, presided. As
the party mounted the stand, the American Legion
Band played the Marseillaise, after which Bishop
Joseph M. Francis of the Indianapolis Episcopal
Diocese offered prayer. Governor McCray then of-
ficially presented the ground to the Indiana War Memo-
rial Commission, as the site of the National Headquar-
ters of The American Legion. In presenting the
grounds, the Governor spoke as follows :
"We have met here today to deliver this ground
to the Indiana Memorial Association, for the pur-
pose of erecting thereon a memorial building to
commemorate the valor and patriotic fervor of
those heroic men who responded so nobly to our
nation's call in the World War.
"The State of Indiana, the county of Marion and
78 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
the city of Indianapolis, have made it possible to
erect upon this site a building which is to be a
constant reminder of the debt of gratitude we owe
to the men who so grandly upheld the state's repu-
tation for loyalty during the world's greatest
"However magnificent and enduring the struc-
ture to be erected upon this spot it can not ade-
quately express the feeling that the citizens of In-
diana cherish for the brave men in whose name the
building will be built and to whose memory it will
be dedicated. In architecture it should be in keep-
ing with the spirit of those brave defenders who
sublimely offered their services without display or
pomp, but with that solemnity and determination
which denoted perfect allegiance and lofty devo-
tion to the principles and ideals upon which this
nation was founded.
"It will be the execution of a beautiful thought
that the corner stone of this wonderful monument
erected to memorialize the sacrifice and gallantry
of our young soldiers be taken from the Marne
Bridge at Chateau-Thierry, where the imperishable
glory of American valor was written into everlast-
"It is particularly fitting that this historic cere-
mony take place in the honored presence of Mar-
shal Foch, commander-in-chief of the allied forces,
whose military skill and genius in directing his
command brought victory to the cause of human-
ity and the restoration of justice and liberty.
"It should be a matter of congratulation to In-
diana that one of the uses to which this building-
will be appropriated is for the permanent home of
The American Legion. The influence of having
the headquarters of this great organization estab-
Corner stone to be used in the American Legion Na-
tional Headquarters Building, officially dedicated by
Marshal Foch, November 4, 1921. Translation of in-
scription reads :
'The stone from the ancient
bridge of Chateau Thierry which
the French engineers destroyed
on June 1, 1918. The American
machine gunners of the 3d
division played a part as active
as it was glorious in defending
the passage of the bridge and
repulsing all the attacks of the
Germans who were trying to cross
'Chateau Thierry, August 17, 1920."
80 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
lished and housed in our state will insure that the
fires of patriotism will forever burn brightly and
that the loyalty of our citizens as demonstrated in
the past, can he confidently depended upon in the
"May the building which we see in vision today
become a reality of tomorrow. May it be erected
and maintained with the full realization of the
sacredness of the purpose for which it will be de-
signed and the cause to which it will be conse-
Following the Governor's address, Hanford Mac-
Nider, national commander of The American Legion ac-
cepted the gift in the name of the National Organiza-
In responding to Governor McCray's address he said :
"As the representative of the ex-service men of
The American Legion, and on behalf of the Legion
and the citizens of Indianapolis and Indiana, I ac-
cept the ground for the plaza as a concrete expres-
sion of the high approval of Indiana for the splen-
did men to whom it is dedicated.
"It is a magnificent tribute from the state made
as an expression of regard for the achievement of
those men. We are glad that the Legion is on
your heart and it will help us to grow if you have
faith in what we are doing. The inspiration which
we brought back with us from the great war was
engendered by the man who is our guest today.
It has developed a spirit of service we hope by as-
sociation in the Legion to keep alive. We owe it
to the men who did not return to keep up that
spirit if we can do so. If we do so, no man need
fear for the future of America. The American
Legion is gratified with this gift."
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 81
Franklin D'Olier, past national commander of The
American Legion then dedicated the ground, and spoke
"In the name of The American Legion I now
dedicate this Memorial plaza. I dedicate it to the
memory of those who fell in the service of their
country by land and by sea. Their lives are glori-
ous before us; their deeds are an inspiration. As
they served America in time of war, yielding their
last full measure of devotion, may we serve Amer-
ica in time of peace, so living that justice, freedom
and democracy may endure forever.
"I dedicate this Memorial plaza to them and
with it I dedicate The American Legion to the
eternal service of our country and the preserva-
tion of their heroic memory."
Marcus S. Sonntag of Evansville, Chairman of the
War Memorial Commission, then lowered the corner
stone to its place. Following the placing of the stone,
Commander Claude E. Gregg then introduced Marshal
Foch. He spoke briefly. His words spoken in French
were immediately translated into English:
"I am very much pleased at having this great
honor of having to speak at the dedication of The
American Legion ceremony. It is an honor for
me to commemorate the souls of those who were
at Chateau Thierry, and those who are here now
and were at Chateau Thierry. It is a great credit
to the American soldier for what he did there.
Citizens of America, I greet thee."
When the Marshal had concluded his remarks the
American Legion Band struck up the "Star Spangled
Banner," after which the Rev. Earl Blackman, National
Chaplain of The American Legion pronounced the bene-
Church Pillar from the Cathedral in Belleau. The .-tone was carved in the 16th
crntury. Presented to the American Legion in 1921 by the citizens of Belleau.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 83
A church pillar from the Cathedral in the shell-torn
town of Belleau, France, was used as the altar for the
dedication exercises. This historic pillar was given to
The American Legion party on their visit to Belleau
in 1921, by the citizens of that city. It was taken
from the pulpit of the Cathedral and was carved in the
16th Century. Also there was displayed on the easel
from which the corner stone was lowered a silk French
flag, which had been presented to The American Legion
by the citizens of Rouen. Both the flag and the church
pillar are to be used in the National Headquarters
Building of The American Legion.
Visit to National Headquarters of The American
Immediately following the close of the ceremonies at
the dedication of the corner stone for The American
Legion Building, Marshal Foch was taken to the Na-
tional Headquarters of The American Legion, located
in the Meridian Life Building. The Marshal appeared
to be greatly interested in the details of handling the
work of the National organization of World War vet-
erans. He seemed particularly interested in learning
how the National organization kept in touch with its
local units, and inquired as to the cost involved in con-
ducting the affairs of the National Headquarters. The
only ceremony that occurred during his visit to the of-
fices of the National Headquarters, was the presenta-
tion of a pair of gold cuff links, the gift of The Amer-
ican Legion staff to Marshal Foch. The presentation
was made by Hanford MacNider, National Commander,
in the presence of all officers connected with the Na-
tional Headquarters. After a brief visit which did not
last more than ten or twelve minutes, Marshal Foch
and his party returned to their automobiles and were
immediately taken to the Claypool Hotel where a ban-
quet was given in his honor.
THE BANQUET AT THE CLAYPOOL HOTEL
The formal banquet given in honor of Marshal Foch
took place at 6:30 o'clock in the famous Riley Room of
the Claypool Hotel. Approximately 500 persons had
made reservations, and participated in the only formal
event held in his honor. As the Marshal entered the
room, headed by a group of secret service men and de-
tectives, and escorted by a group of uniformed police-
men, the guests arose en masse, and a prolonged cheer-
ing greeted him. A much greater demonstration was
accorded him however, when he was introduced by Dr.
Carleton B. McCulloch, and when he responded with a
brief speech in defense of France and the cause for
which she and the allied nations had recently fought.
The banquet was a most brilliant affair. The Riley
Room was elaborately decorated with the tri-color of
France and the American flag. Seated at the speak-
ers' table with Marshal Foch were Dr. Carleton B. Mc-
Culloch; Major General George W. Read; ex-vice Pres-
ident Thomas R. Marshall; Colonel Frank Parker;
Governor Warren T. McCray; Charles M. Bertrand,
member of the French Chamber of Deputies and Presi-
dent of the Inter-allied Veterans' Association; Count
de Chambrun; General Desticker; General W. D. Con-
nor, U. S. A.; Major Demierry; Dr. Paul Andre, the
personal physician of Marshal Foch; Mayor Charles
W. Jewett, and Charles F. Coffin, President of the In-
dianapolis Chamber of Commerce.
In introducing Charles M. Bertrand, President of the
Union Nationale of ex-service men of France, and the
Inter-allied Veterans' Association, with which The
American Legion is affiliated, Dr. McCulloch told how
Monsieur Bertrand had entered the war with twenty-
seven officers and three thousand men in his regiment,
86 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
and how at the close only one officer was left, and the
regiment had been refilled thirty time Al. Bertrand
made a brief reply.
Charles F. Coffin, President of the Indianapolis
Chamber of Commerce was next called on, and paid
tribute to the distinguished visitor, and particularly
to the manner in which he had conducted the cam-
paigns of the allied armies under his command.
"March 26, 1918," he said, "is a date indelibly
written upon the pages of American and European
history. It was not easily written. It required
three hard years, the surrender of many preju-
dices, and the loss of millions of lives to write it.
That date has sunk into the hearts of every man.
It was on that day that General Foch, now Marshal
of France, became Commander of all of the allied
armies. The spring of 1918 did not open auspi-
ciously for the Allies, since the Germans had pre-
pared for an assault which they believed would
overthrow the allied armies and end the war vic-
toriously for them. America remembers with
pride that two days after Marshal Foch assumed
command, General Pershing visited him, and an-
nounced that the American people regarded it as
a great honor for their troops to fight under his
command. Marshal Foch brought with him tal-
ents that lank him with the greatest military men
of any age. He employed these talents, not to
place a royal diadem on his brow, but to destroy
forever the brutal and selfish assumption that
'right makes might,' and for the perpetuation of
liberty under law."
At the conclusion of Mr. Coffin's talk, the 500
men and women were on their feet waving the tri-
color of France, and shouting the praises of their
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 87
guest. When he arose to reply to the welcome, the
Marshal appeared to be greatly touched by the tribute.
After a short pause he began to speak and his words,
spoken in French, were interpreted by Colonel Frank
Parker, U. S. A. :
"It would be exceedingly difficult for me to re-
ply properly to the complimentary words ad-
dressed to me tonight. Likewise it would be ex-
ceedingly remiss on my part were I not to make
an effort to give an answer and to express my ap-
preciation for the reception I have received in your
"On the faces of all whom I have seen in every
direction, I feel that I have seen what we all
wished to accomplish — victory. And all the while
I have kept in mind the great sacrifices this great
state has made in the war. Three hundred thou-
sand men, 1 and a vast quantity of arms and ma-
terials — by all this she has shown she wished to
have the victory, must have it at any price. It is
the same principle that was later applied on the
wholesale for the entire American army in France.
That army was determined to have the victory at
any price. Particularly when General Pershing
came to me on the 28th of March and said to me
that his troops were at my disposal. This deter-
mination of the populace at home, of the army on
the field, well laid out for us our duty. In the
presence of this invincible energy, the chiefs had
a very clear road laid out for them.
"I can never then make it too clear that victory
came from the universal and homogeneous inten-
tion to conquer. If we have conquered, don't sup-
1 These figures are incorrect; Indiana had approximately
128,000 men in service in the World War. — Editor.
88 MARSHAL FOCH I>\)
pose for an instant that we are drunk with victory,
[f we made war, it was but with a view to peace.
War is a means and peace is the end to be ac-
"I have seen, while in command of the allied
armies, millions of young men of promise. In the
presence of this, can anyone be beside himself to
believe that there is any efficacy in war, otherwise
than a means to peace?
''France did not want war in 191-1. No one can
want war today. Every one today desires peace.
We won the war, it is now for us to maintain the
peace, and if we desire the formula for that, it is
the same as for winning the war. Union for just
peace, and a lasting peace, and in this union, of
force, I invite and call you all, a union for liberty
The climax of the day's program was the mass meet-
ing held in the Cadle Tabernacle. For two hours be-
fore the meeting was scheduled to begin, crowds began
to move toward the Tabernacle, and by six o'clock, an
hour before the doors were opened, thousands of peo-
ple were crowded about the entrances. When the
doors were finally opened, scarcely three minutes had
passed until the immense Tabernacle was filled, and the
crowds began to collect at all the doorways and en-
trances. More than twelve thousand persons forced
their way into the building, while the newspapers re-
ported that some two thousand stood up around the
outer walls of the auditorium.
A special program had been arranged as follows :
Colonel Carleton B. McCulloch, Presiding
1. Community Singing, 7 :30 to 8 :30 o'clock . Audience
2. "La Marseillaise" Choir
Rt. Rev. Monsignor Francis H. Gavisk, V. G.
Hon. Warren T. McCray, Governor of Indiana
Hon. Charles W. Jewett, Mayor of Indianapolis
6. Presentation of Flowers from American Wo-
men's Overseas League
Miss Adah Bush, Representative
7. "America" Choir
8. Presentation of Souvenir Medallion from Citi-
zenship of City and State Samuel D. Miller
90 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
9. Conferring of Companionship in the Military
Order of Foreign Wars of the United
States Companion Carleton B. McCulloch
lit. Response . . . .Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of France
11. "The Star Spangled Banner"
Choir, Audience and Band
Rev. S. L. Martin, Department Chaplain Amer-
Cadle Tabernacle Choir
Joe Overmyer, Director
American Legion Band of Indianapolis
Hiller Francis, Director
Special seats had been provided for the wounded and
other soldiers in the center of the building, just in
front of the stage. Seated behind the disabled soldiers
were the women who had seen service overseas. On
either side were persons who had been admitted by
American Legion tickets. Special programs and tri-
color flags of France were distributed by the Boy
Scouts, and every person in the assembly had a ban-
When the Marshal's party arrived at nine o'clock, the
great audience heard the bugle call ATTENTION!
When the blue-uniformed French visitor appeared in
view, a demonstration occurred which is seldom seen
in this city. The entire audience in the big auditorium
arose, and amid a wild waving of tri-colors and a deaf-
ening roar of voices, the distinguished visitor bowed in
acknowledgment to the generous greetings accorded
him. The demonstration lasted for more than three
minutes, and was not ended until Dr. McCulloch, the
presiding officer, stepped to the front and motioned for
The big Tabernacle Choir composed of more than a
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 91
thousand voices, under the direction of Joe Overmyer,
entertained the audience with songs. The audience
joined in the singing of "Onward Christian Soldiers,"
"The Battle Hymn of the Republic," and other familiar
songs. The disabled soldiers were called on to sing a
verse of the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" and re-
sponded with much enthusiasm. After an encore they
sang "Over There," "Smile, Smile, Smile," and "Good-
bye Broadway, Hello France." When the "Marseil-
laise" was announced, the entire audience joined in the
singing, and Marshal Foch's eyes gleamed with pride
and emotion as he stood erect listening to the singing
of the great French National anthem.
There occurred just before the formal reception be-
gan, one beautiful incident, which had not been planned
by the Program Committee. A little four-year-old
girl, Adele Claire Fishbein, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Philip Fishbein, 309 E. 21st street, and granddaughter
of Adolph Asche, an ex-captain in the World War,
dressed in Alsatian costume, bearing three flowers of
the French National colors, was lifted to the platform
by a group of soldiers and presented to the Marshal.
He drew her to him, smiled broadly, and then placed
a kiss on each of her little cheeks. The audience ap-
Dr. McCulloch then introduced the Rt. Rev. Mon-
signor Francis Gavisk, who offered the invocation, at
the conclusion of which the Lord's Prayer was repeated
by the audience.
At the conclusion of the invocation, Governor Mc-
Cray was introduced, and officially welcomed on behalf
of the State of Indiana, the distinguished visitor. The
governor spoke as follows:
"This is indeed a wonderful occasion and the
remembrance of this day will live in our hearts and
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 93
minds as long as we enjoy the pleasure of memory
and recollection. It is certainly a great privilege
to have as our guest the world's greatest military
genius, Marshal Foch.
"From the days of the Revolution there has
existed a peculiar friendship between the country
of his birth and the Nation which was saved by
the financial and personal service rendered by one
of his illustrious countrymen at a time of dire dis-
tress and approaching disaster.
"At that time lasting obligation was imposed
upon us as a Nation. After waiting over a cen-
tury we at last had a chance to show that we were
not forgetful or unappreciative of the part General
Lafayette played in helping to establish the inde-
pendence of our colonies and thus make it possible
for this country to expand and develop until it has
reached its present strength and power. By this
chain of circumstances the nations of France and
the United States are firmly and securely bound.
"When the life blood of our friend and bene-
factor was being sapped almost to the point of Na-
tional collapse, I rejoice that we arose to the oc-
casion, rushed in with all our power and resources
and helped France save the day for justice and
"By this act and by the seal of the blood of
thousands of our brave boys who sleep the eternal
sleep under the blue skies of sunny France, the
perpetual alliance of these two great Republics will
be everlastingly and irrevocably established.
"It is therefore a great pleasure to have with us
the man who was Commander-in-Chief of our
American army when it saw service in his coun-
try — a man whom the world recognizes as the
greatest general of all ages, a man who is re-
94 MARSHAL FOCH PAY
spected, admired and loved by the people of every
Nation that fought for, or sympathized with, the
cause of the allies in the great World War.
"There is nothing- we can do, Marshal Foch, to
fully and appropriately express our admiration and
love for you. We appreciate beyond expression
the honor you confer upon this state and city by
your visit. May God bless you and give you health
and strength to enjoy the honors which you have
so richly earned."
The next address was given by Mayor Charles W.
Jewett, in which he welcomed, on behalf of the city of
Indianapolis, Marshal Foch:
"The city of Indianapolis is very honored to have
as a guest a distinguished citizen of France. It
is a distinct pleasure to welcome Marshal Foch in
"On the fields of battle of the great World War,
he was the comrade of our boys. This fact is a
peculiar bond that makes us feel very near to him
on this occasion. We are very honored to be host
to the man, who, at the time of the world's great-
est danger and crisis was accepted by the allied
armies as the greatest military commander of the
present day. We are very grateful that he has
given Indianapolis such a rank of distinction in
placing us among the few cities of this country to
be honored by his visit.
"The history and the progress of the American
republic owe much to France. Since the days of
the Revolution, when Lafayette rendered such a
splendid service to our forefathers in their fight
for independence, we have loved the French peo-
ple. This bond of friendship established by
George Washington and Lafayette between the
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 95
American republic and France has united the two
great Republics together until the present hour.
The great World War has strengthened this
friendship, and the bonds of sympathy existing
between the French people and us will live forever
"Marshal Foch, we welcome you, in spirit of pa-
triotism of free government; in spirit of the
French Republic and of our own government. May
our common ideals, our love of equality, fraternity
and liberty, as exemplified by your government
and ours, may our common purposes, our associa-
tions on the fields of battle, serve to strengthen the
bonds of friendship which unite these two great
Republics in a relationship so harmonious. We
salute you with reverence and respect; we con-
gratulate you with admiration and honor, we wel-
come you with deep sympathy, love and affection.
Marshal Foch, I deliver to you the mystical key
which has opened the hearts of our citizenship,
from which flow our love and appreciation of your
great and noble work in which we had the honor
of calling you commander."
Following the conclusion of Mayor Jewett's address,
Miss Adah Bush, representing the American Women's
Overseas League, presented to Marshal Foch a beauti-
ful bouquet. Miss Bush, dressed in an overseas uni-
form of dark gray, presented the floral token and ad-
dressed the Marshal as follows:
"On behalf of the American Women's Overseas
League of Indiana, a state unit of the National
organization representing several thousand Amer-
ican women who rendered volunteer service over-
seas under your high command, I bring you greet-
C. B, DYER
Uold Medallion (showing both sides) preeentedjto Marshal Foch by
citizens of Indianapolis.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 97
"Holding in grateful memory the universal kind-
liness and courtesy of your countrymen through
difficult, and for some of us dangerous days, we
are banded together and stand pledged not only to
uphold the principles for which our soldiers fought,
but to preserve and strengthen the ties of friend-
ship uniting France and America.
"I have great pleasure, Marshal Foch, in publicly
reaffirming that pledge in your honored presence,
in presenting this token of our affection for you
and your glorious France."
Samuel D. Miller, speaking as the representative of
the citizens of the city of Indianapolis, and the State
of Indiana, presented to Marshal Foch a solid gold
medallion, on the front of which was a replica of the
Indiana Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument. Inscribed
above the design were the words "Indianapolis, Novem-
ber 4, 1921." The other side showed the French seal
in the center flanked by the seal of the State of Indi-
ana and The American Legion seal. Above the seal
were inscribed the words: "To Marshal Ferdinand
Foch," and below the seal was the Latin inscription:
"In Memory of Our Friendship."
Mr. Miller spoke as follows:
"Mindful of the gallant youth who, one hundred
forty-four years ago flouted the commands of his
King, outfitted an expedition from his private for-
tune, and sailed westbound across the seas; and a
little later, with the sturdy Rochambeau by his
side and a band of valiant Frenchmen at his back,
helped our forefathers erect this Republic as a
permanent abiding place in the world for enlight-
"Mindful of another expedition in more recent
years, when the men of America, actuated by no
98 MARSHAL FOCH DAY
gainful motive but acting solely in the broad inter-
est of humanity, sailed eastbound across the seas
and took their places side by side, for weal or woe,
with the men of France and so gave battle to the
arch-enemy of enlightened freedom, with the cry
'They shall not pass" — and, no Hun passed, save
from the here into the hereafter ;
".Mindful of the glorious fact that there has
never, been an hour from Lafayette to you, Sir,
when the United States and France could not take
each other by the hand and, with heads thrown
back, each look squarely into the gleaming eyes of
the other and, with perfect understanding of all
that it implies, utter the sacred word 'Friend' ;
"Mindful of the solemn resolution which lives —
a vital thing in the breast of every true American
that this tie shall never cease to bind ;
"Mindful, Sir, of the deathless distinction which
your leadership brought to the arms of the Allies ;
"Mindful of all these things and more, on behalf
of the one hundred fifty thousand sons and daugh-
ters of Indiana, living and dead 1 , who answered
their country's call and "went down to the field
of glory, to do and to die for the eternal right" ;
on behalf of the liberty-loving women and men of
this fragrant valley of the Middle West who, in
the dark hour, toiling as they had never toiled be-
fore, stood firm and kept the faith unflinchingly;
in token of their esteem and respect for you, Sir,
and voicing their fervent hope that the fair fields
of France may never again be profaned by the foot
of an invading foe, and that, as the shadows
lengthen in your ripening years, you may see
naught but enduring peace, plenty and happiness
1 Indiana sent only about 128,000 men into service. — Editor
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 99
as the lot of your people, our friends — and that all
good things of earth may be yours, I beg of you
to accept this souvenir of your visit to our beloved
city and state."
Dr. McCulloch, Chairman of the Executive Commit-
tee then conferred upon Marshal Foch a Companionship
in the Military Order of Foreign Wars. In presenting
the medal of honor to the distinguished visitor, Dr.
McCulloch spoke as follows:
"The Military Order of Foreign Wars is a Na-
tional order to perpetuate the glorious history and
the traditions of the Army and Navy of the United
States of America.
"It believes that Honor, and Justice, and Truth
are the concomitants of Bravery and Patriotism.
"It is honored in welcoming men who believe
that such attributes are the foundation stones of
character. And it honors such men in extending to
them its comradeship.
"It receives its inspiration from the Knights of
the Round Table of King Arthur's time, as it also
is inspired by the memories and example of that
gallant company of the Salle Des Preux at Pierre-
fonds and such patriotic characters as your Du
Guesclin and Chevalier Bayard,
"These Knights are dust,
Their good swords rust
Their souls are with the
Saints, we trust."
"But, Sir, the memories of their high patriotism
and Military Glory have not rusted, they are green
in our thoughts and as an unforgettable example
of what our own goal should be,
100 MARSHAL FOCH PAY
"For how can man die better
Than by facing fearful odds.
For the ashes of his fathers
And the temples of his Gods."
"Sir, we are proud that the Indiana Chapter lias
the honor of conferring upon you membership in
this Society. The example of your great career
and the immeasurable inspiration to us, your erst-
while Comrades in Arms, and the great American
people who sent us to your shores."
When Marshal Foch stepped forward to receive the
emblem of membership in the Military Order of For-
eign Wars, the audience of twelve thousand rose en
masse, and joyously waved the small French banners
that had been distributed at the opening of the meet-
ing. Amid a deafening roar of applause and the wav-
ing of the thousands of banners, the grizzled old vet-
eran, who had spent the greater part of his life either
in preparing for wars or in the fighting of them, ap-
peared greatly moved. Finally when quiet was restored,
he responded to Dr. McCulloch's remarks. He spoke
in French and his interpreter in turn translated his
statements into English:
"War is not an end. Victory is not an end. War
and victory are but means to an end — and that
final end is peace, a just peace, which includes the
light of every one to work without interruption.
"We have attained this end, and by victory we
shall maintain it. Without bitterness, without
provocation, we shall continue a just peace. But
to attain this end in peace means work, the same
as in war, a united effort. Should we maintain
this effort, we shall certainly see the end we seek.
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 101
And we feel sure tonight we shall retain this peace,
sure, laboriously and justly.
'The manifestations I have received here to-
night, not only by word but by act, have profound-
ly touched me. They have made me feel that in
doing what I have done, I have done what you
wished. In war I feel that I was not only sup-
ported by the men who fought, but by the nations
that sent those men. Everywhere, on the front,
in the rear, in the ambulances, every one multi-
plied his efforts almost with one idea — victory.
"By this great inspiration, the chiefs had their
way well marked out for them and they had but to
Rev. S. L. Martin, Department Chaplain of The
American Legion then pronounced the benediction, and
the great meeting adjourned. Marshal Foch and his
party were then escorted to the Union Station where
they boarded their train for Chicago. Thus ended the
day — one that is destined to become a landmark in the
patriotic history of Indiana.
MARSHAL FOCH'S LOVE FOR AMERICA
The following interview given out by Marshal Foch
immediately upon his return to Paris reveals so gen-
uinely his love for America that it seems appropriate
to use it here. The interview as reported in the In-
dianapolis Stew, of January 8, 1922, was communicated
by Laura A. Smith, special correspondent:
"I bring back with me the impression of a stu-
pendous country," said Marshal Foch. "But,
understand me well: this country is even more
stupendous in the future it has before it, than
in its present. One evening, on crossing a state
frontier, I was met by its governor, and I asked
him: 'What is the area of your state?' His re-
ply was a figure as large as that of all France and
the population was 4,000,000. 'Could you accom-
modate, feed and give work to 40,000,000?' I
asked, and he replied in the affirmative. Weli,
that is America. Today it is a country of 120,-
000,000 souls, but one day it may contain 400,-
000,000. It is a stupendous country, and an ad-
mirable one, too. It has not grown simply by vir-
tue of its members, but because of its sentiments
and ideals. During the war, for example, Amer-
icans were inspired by an ideal as great as the
world and they truly believed themselves crusad-
Asked if he believed Americans really loved France,
he replied emphatically,
"Yes, I believe in their love as I believe in the
light of the sun. I, who am not easily moved, have
been stirred by their warm welcome, on the first
MARSHAL FOCH DAY 103
day as on the last. On that last day I was in
Hartford, I was asked to leave the train and was
led by my guides to a small cottage and they placed
me before an old-fashioned table there. I asked
why they did this, 'Because,' they replied, 'in this
very room and before this very table, Lafayette
stood ninety-seven years ago.' I remained only a
quarter of an hour, but when I returned to my
train I found it magnificently decorated with
wreaths and flowers. It was in a train of flowers
that I returned.
"America is the one country in the world which
has known how to plant liberty and make it flower.
She binds to her with inseparable ties the millions
of men whom we have been unable to hold and
whom she knows how to attract. I passed through
Italian, Polish, German, Czech colonies, but I saw
only Americans, cast and fashioned thoroughly in
the American mold."
This book is
YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY
under no circumstances to be
in from the Building