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Full text of "The martyrdom and miracles of Saint George of Cappadocia"

W i 

Publisher's Cor. :nts. 




THE MARTYRDOM AND MIRACLES 



OF 



SAINT GEORGE OF CAPPADOCIA. 



WORKS TO APPEAR IN THE ORIENTAL TEXT SERIES. 

I. Coptic texts with English translation of the Discourses on Saint Micha 

by Abba Theodosius, Severus of Antioch and Eustatbius. 
II. Syriac text with English translation of the Martyrdom of Saint George 
Cappadocia. 



ORIENTAL TEXT SERIES. I. 



THE 

MARTYRDOM AND MIRACLES 



OF 



SAINT GEORGE OF CAPPADOCIA. 



THE COPTIC TEXTS 



EDITED WITH AN 



ENGLISH TRANSLATION 



BY 



ERNEST A. WALLIS BUDGE, M. A., 

FORMERLY SCHOLAR OF CHRIST'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE, AND TYRWHITT HEBREW SCHOLAR, 

ASSISTANT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF EGYPTIAN AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES, 

BRITISH MUSEUM. 



500895 



i- 



LONDON. 
D. NUTT, 270, S T E A N D. 

1888. 



TO 



P. LE PAGE RENOUF, 

KEEPER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EGYPTIAN AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES 
BRITISH MUSEUM. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

TREFACE ix XL 

THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE 1 37 

THE ENCOMIUM UPON SAINT GEORGE BY THEODOSIDS, BISHOP OF 

JERUSALEM 3843 

THE MIRACLES OF SAINT GEORGE 44 82 

THE ENCOMIUM UPON SAINT GEORGE BY THEODOTUS, BISHOP OP ANCYRA 83173 
FRAGMENTS OF A SAHIDIC VERSION OF THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT 

GEORGE 177 199 

ENGLISH TRANSLATION . 201331 



Misbelievers have written 

Misbelief in their books, 

Touching the Saint 

That Georius hight. 

Now will we teach you 

What is true thereabout, 

That heresy harm not 

Any unwittingly. 

The holy Georius 

Was in heathenish, days 

A rich ealdorman, 

Under the fierce Caesar Datianus, 

In the shire of Cappadocia. 

The Passion of St. George by ^Elfric 
Archbishop of York. 

Je ne me cache pas le peril que faffronte en donnant id le martyre de 
saint Georges, comme un pur roman; mais je me mettrai a convert sous le 
decret du pape Damase et, si ce decret ne suffit pas a me proteger au point 
de vue historique, finvoquerai Vaide du celebre Baronius qui s'est trouve fort 
scandalise de ce que contenaient ces actes de saint Georges. 

Amelineau, ontes et Romans de Ufigypte Chretienne, p. LII. 



PREFACE. 

The Coptic texts relating to the tortures and martyr- 
dom and miracles of Saint George printed in this book 
are edited from five manuscripts, three written in the 
Memphitic, and two in the Sahidic dialect. These MSS. 
are indicated in the following pages by the letters A, B, 
C, D and E. 

The MS. 1 A is preserved in the Bodleian Library, 
Oxford, and bears the numbers Mareschal 23, Bodl. 157, 
and MS. Copt. Uri liv. It consists of 179 paper leaves 
measuring about 10V-2 in. by 7 ! /2. Each page is occupied 
by one column of Coptic, and one column of Arabic writing, 
generally containing 19 and 16 lines respectively. The 
quires are eighteen in number, and on the top of the first 
and last leaves of each quire is written ic xc 'Jesus Christ.' 
On fol. 3 a, at the foot of the page, are three lines of badly 
written Arabic which read: 



See Uri, Bibl. Bodl. Codd. MSS. Orient, torn, i, p. 327. 

B 



X PKEFACE. 

"Remember, Lord, thy servant the sinner, drowned 
in the sea of sins and transgressions, who is not worthy 
that ........... ' ?1 

On fol. 35, is a partially obliterated Coptic cross 
printed in yellow, red, and green colours: in the spaces 
between the four arms are written iy, xy, Ri and KA, and 
on each side of the foot of the cross is a dove. The initial 
letters of some of the paragraphs have been gilded, the 
border of fol. 4 a, is prettily illuminated, and the headings 
of the several sections of the MS. are written in red. On fol. 
82 a, are two lines of Coptic letters which read: 



Beneath these are two lines of Greek letters, and then 
we have another line of Coptic letters thus: 



My friend Dr. Henri Hyvernat of Rome informs me 
that these lines give the date in which the manuscript was 
written; and as he intends to discuss them at full length 
in his forthcoming treatise on the palaeography of Coptic 
MSS., and to reproduce them by photography, it will be 
sufficient to refer the reader to that work. On fol. 1785, 
is a colophon in Arabic which reads: 



5 W- 'J 



1 I am unable to read the ]ast three or four words of this scrawl. 



PREFACE. XI 



"This holy book belongs by wakf (gift or bequest for 
] >ious purposes) to the church of the Virgin in the convent 
of Baramus. 1 And no one has power from the Lord (may 
He be glorified) to take it out of the possession of the 
aid convent as long as it continues to be inhabited by 
monks; and glory be to God for ever." On the last leaf 
of the book the scribe has practised making in outline the 
borders and small illuminations which begin and end each 
quire. This manuscript is written in the Memphitic dialect 
in a good, regular hand of the latter half of the xivth cen- 
tury, and contains: 

1. The Martyrdom of Saint Greorge of Cappadocia by 
Pasikrates his servant. 2 Fol. 3b. 



1 The convent of Baramus is situated in Lat. 30 19' N., Long. 
30 16' E., in the Natron Valley, ^^J\ ^>\$, near the convents of 
St. Macarius and Amba Bishoi, aud between the Natron Lakes and 
the Bahar el-Farigh. In Mahmud Bey's map of Egypt it is placed at 
the junction of the caravan routes from Alexandria and Tripoli to 
Cairo. For descriptions of this famous convent see Curzon, Visits to 
Monasteries in the Levant, pp. 94, 95, and Butler, Ancient Coptic Churches 
of Egypt, vol. i, pp. 334337. 

2 For the Greek and Latin texts, see Lipomann, De Vitis Sanctorum, 
torn, ii, pp. 251 253, (Venice edition); Surius, De Probatis Sanctorum 
Vitis, t. ii, pp. 278 281; and Acta Sanctorum, April 23, Appendix, 
p. vii. For the Syriac and Arabic versions of this martyrdom see 
Brit. Mus. Hss. Rich 7200, Add. 17205, 14734 and 14735; Wright's 
Catalogue of the Syriac MSS. in the British Museum, pp. 1087, 1119 
and 1122; and Rosen and Forshall, Cat. Codd. MSS. Orient. Pars i, 



XII PREFACE. 

2. An Encomium upon Saint Greorge by Theodosius, 
Bishop of Jerusalem. 1 Fol. 8 3 a. 

3. The nine Miracles wrought by Saint George. 2 Fol. 956. 
The paper manuscript B is in the possession of Lord 

Crawford, and formerly belonged to Henry Tattam. It 
consists of 148 leaves measuring 8% in. by 5 3 / 4 . Each page 
is occupied by one column of writing of 15 lines. The 
quires were originally 18 in number, and some of the 
leaves have been much stained by water. Leaves 1 to 31, 
40, and 179184 are wanting; two leaves have been paged 
pF instead of pe and pr; and leaves poA and pob have been 
bound up at the end of the manuscript instead of in their 
proper place. The manuscript is written in the JVfemphitic 
dialect in a fine bold hand, and belongs in all probability 
to the xiith century. On fol. 90 &, are three lines of Arabic 
which run: 



pp. 92, 111. An Ethiopic version of the account of the martyrdom of 
S. Greorge attributed to Pasikrates is described by Zotenberg, Cata- 
logue des Manuscrits Ethiopians, p. 203; and for other Ethiopic ver- 
sions of it see Wright, Catalogue of the Ethiopic Manuscripts in the 
British Museum, pp. 162, 168, 189 and 190. 

1 About A. D. 450. See infra p. 236. 

2 The number of miracles attributed to S. George by the Ethio- 
pians amounts to as many as eighty. See Wright, Catalogue of Ethiopic 
MSS., p. 190. 



U /!__ 



PREFACE. XIII 



"May God (may He be glorified) bless him that had 
his book written, and may He, as He promised in His holy 

rpel, reward him thirty, sixty and a hundredfold." 
The contents of this manuscript when complete were 
same as those of A, and the variant readings from what 
:.'emains of it are printed at the foot of the pages of the 
translation, because my edition from the Bodleian MS. A, 
yvas in type before I knew of its existence. 

The parchment manuscript C is preserved in the Vatican 
Library, where it bears the number 63 ; it was brought by 
Assemani from a monastery near the Natron lakes. Many 
of the leaves have been injured by water, and some are so 
rotten that the letters can only be deciphered with the 
greatest difficulty. The Martyrdom of Saint George is 
written on ff. 106 172 of the manuscript, the leaves of 
which measure 13 in by 9 3 /4. This portion of the manuscript 
was originally a separate book, and bore the number 
CZ (267) which is still to be seen on the lower margin of 
the first leaf. The margins of the first page are ornamented 
with an intertwining line border painted in divers colours. 
This page is divided into two unequal parts by a painted 
line ornament, in the upper, or larger, is the title of the 
work written in slender uncials, and in the lower are the first 
few words of the text of the martyrdom. The manuscript 
is written with fine tenth century uncials in the Memphitic 
dialect. The 67 parchment leaves on which the martyrdom 
is written are divided into eight quires: the first six contain 
eight leaves each, the seventh contains seven, and the eighth 
(which is unnumbered) twelve. The leaves are paginated 



XIV PKEFACE. 

consecutively, on their reverse sides only, for the first six 
quires; there are mistakes in the seventh quire, and the 
eighth quire is not paginated at all. The manuscript is 
bound in red skin, and bears the arms of Pope Clement XI 
and Cardinal Pamphili. On fol. 172 a, are written 17 lines 
of small uncials which tell us that the manuscript was 
written by the care of the God-loving brethren Peter the 
deacon, Kelloug the deacon, and their spiritual son, whose 
name is not given, and placed in the Church of Saint 
Michael of Gephroene/et. 1 On the reverse of the same 
page are 1 3 lines of writing, the last of which states that 
the manuscript was written in the year of the Martyrs 
672 = A. D. 956. 

The fragment of the Sahidic version of the Martyrdom 
and Miracles of Saint George, D, is preserved in the Vatican 
Library. 2 The "leaves are eleven in number, nine paged 
IP KA, and two, containing fragments of his miracles, un- 
paged. There are two columns of writing to each page, 
and the manuscript was written probably in the viiith or 
ixth century. "We learn from the colophon that the, manu- 
script was written by two brothers called Stephen and 
John; and that it was made at the expense of Apa Jacob 
the son of the Arch- Apa Lues and Kulban, of the town of 
Shmin 3 Panos, "for the salvation of his soul, and that Saint 



1 I have not been able to identify this town. 

2 See Zoega, Catalogus Codd. Copt., p. 240, no. clii. 

3 A town situated on the east bank of the Nile not far from This, 
the Panopolis of the Greeks, and the modern Ahmim. It is a very 
ancient town (Leo Africanus, viii), and was famed for its linen manu- 




PREFACE. XV 

>rge might show favour to him before the king Christ, 
save him in this wicked world, and give to him a lot 
an inheritance with all the saints in the world which 
is to come." 

The fragment of the Sahidic version of the Martyrdom 
of Saint George, E, is preserved in the library of the Earl 
of Crawford and Balcarres. The leaves, paged MF J, are 
eight in number and measure 12 ! /2 in. by 8V2. There are 
"wo columns of writing to each page, and each column 
contains twenty-six lines. The manuscript is written in a 
fine bold handwriting and belongs probably to the viiith 
or ixth century. A few of the leaves have been damaged 
by water, and, in places, the writing is erased. I suspect 
that this fragment belonged to the manuscript of which D 
once formed a part. At the foot of page w, beneath the 
second column of writing are the words TTME & NCDU) 
"the fourth time of reading", which show that the martyr- 
dom was read through in four or five readings in the church 
to which this manuscript originally belonged. The first 
two or three words of the passage allotted for the fourth 
time of reading are in capital letters painted red. 

The Coptic version of the martyrdom of Saint George 



ne uc 

I 



factories and jewel cutting. See Strabo, xvii, 41 (Didot's edition 
p. 690); Champollion, L'Egypte sous les Pharaons, i, 257. The accuracy 
of Strabo's description is supported by the large numbers of pieces 
of beautifully worked linen lately found at Ahmim which are now 
preserved in the British and South Kensington Museums. For a 
description of the monasteries at Ahmim see Quatremere, Memoires, 
i, p. 448. 



XVI PREFACE. 

in the manuscript A appears to be of a good antiquity, 
but contains several bad readings. The aim of the original 
translator appears to have been to make the work as brief 
as possible, so much so that, without the more discursive 
encomium of Theodotus, it would have been exceedingly 
difficult to translate portions of it at all. The name of the 
Coptic translator of the martyrdom attributed to Pasikrates 
is not mentioned in the manuscript, nor have I been able 
to find an allusion in the encomium of Theodotus, Bishop 
of Ancyra, to any other work on St. George save the en- 
comium upon him attributed to Theodosius, Bishop of Jeru- 
salem. If this latter encomium, or a Greek original, was 
really written by Theodosius it is a very interesting fact, 
and takes us back to within 150 years of the time when 
Saint George is said to have been martyred. The enco- 
mium upon Saint George by Theodotus is clearly based 
upon an older work, and the original of the Coptic text in A 
might very well be the older work. It is a significant fact 
that many of the passages in it which offer difficulties to 
the modern translator, are either omitted entirely from 
the encomium by^ Theodotus, or are paraphrased. The 
Greek texts of the encomiums by Simeon Metaphrastes, 
Andrew of Crete, and Gregory of Cyprus, appear to have 
been based upon some such account of the martyrdom of 
Saint George as that offered to us by the Coptic text. The 
Arabic version in A is, on the whole, very good ; but at 
times the translator paraphrased the Coptic so loosely that 
these parts of his work do not help us to understand the 
original Coptic. In the spelling of proper names he followed 




PREFACE. XVII 

)lindly the corrupt forms of Greek names given in the 
Coptic text. 

The summary of the life and death of George the Mar- 
:yr l as given by the Coptic texts is as follows: 

In the days of the impious emperor Diocletian the devil 
saw that the belief in Christ was spreading throughout the 
whole world and causing the worship of idols to cease. He 
then entered into the emperor's heart and made him raise up 
a terrible persecution against the Christians. Then Diocletian 
prepared instruments of torture of the most devilish nature, 
and published two edicts. By the first he summoned the 
governors of every province to his presence to discuss 
with him what steps should be taken to prevent the increase 
of the worship of "Him that Mary bore", and by the 
second, published after seventy governors had come to his 
presence, he utterly forbade any person to utter the name 
of Christ, or to worship Him under pain of torture by the 
wheel, the wooden horse, the flesh scrapers arid many other 
instruments of torture: thus three years passed by before 
any dared to confess that he was a Christian. At the end 
of this time, George, a native of Melitene, a city in the very 
far east of Cappadocia, came to Dadianus and desired to 



1 For other accounts of Saint George see Acta Sanctorum, April 23; 
Butler, Lives of the Saints, April 23; Baring Gould, Curious Myths of 
the Middle Ages, pp. 266 316; Heylyn, The History of that most famous 
Saynt and Souldier of Christ Jesus, S. George of Cappadocia, London, 
1633; Milner, An Historical Enquiry into the Existence of S. George, 
London, 1792. For a summary of the Mediaeval Legends of S. George 
see the article 'George' by the Rev. G. J. Stokes, M. A., in Smith's 
Dictionary of Christian Biography. 



XVIII PKEFACE. 

be made a count. George 1 was the grandson of John, the 
chief governor of Cappadocia, and the son of Anastasius, 
the governor of Melitene, and of Kira Theognosta, a noble 
lady the daughter of Dionysius the count of Lydda or 
Diospolis. George's ancestors had been orthodox Christians, 
and he boasts that none of them had ever been idolaters. 
When Anastasius was about thirty-six years old, he died, 
and left behind a widow and a family of three children, 
George and his two sisters, Kasia and Mathrona, aged ten, 
six and two years respectively. Anastasius and his wife 
were exceedingly rich in cattle and possessions, and they 
were greatly beloved by all the country round about by 
reason of their good deeds. Shortly after the death of 
Anastasius, a new governor called Justus was appointed 
to rule over Palestine, and he was a God-fearing and 
good man; and he asked permission from George's 
mother to bring the boy up to the profession of a soldier. 
Kira Theognosta consented, and Justus shortly after ap- 
pointed George captain over five thousand men. Justus 
next wrote to the emperor and informed him of thje birth 
and position of the young man, and the emperor paid 
George a salary of three thousand pieces of money a 
month. For ten years George lived happily with Justus, 
who associated him with himself in the government of 
Palestine, and made him master of his house, and heir 
to all that he possessed. Moreover, Justus betrothed his 
daughter then about twelve years of age to him, but while 

1 He is said to have been called George after the name of his 
great-grandfather. 






PREFACE. XIX 

] reparations were being made for the marriage he died, 
leaving George about twenty years of age and very hand- 
* ome. In battle he was very valiant, and when he attacked 
Ids enemies they went down before him like chaff before 
he wind. The marriage of George was delayed in con- < 
sequence of the death of his adopted father, and shortly 
after George gathered together a large sum of money and 
gifts, and made preparations to set out for Tyre, intending 
1:0 ask the emperor Diocletian to make him a count and 
governor of Palestine. George's wealth must have been 
considerable, for when Dadianus offered him one hundred 
pounds of gold to depart from the city, he replied 
that he had left behind him twenty thousand pounds of 
gold and forty thousand pounds of silver, besides cattle, 
horses, fields and vineyards, to follow Christ. Having 
loaded himself with gifts for the emperor and the go- 
vernors who had gathered together to him at Tyre for the 
purpose of laying down the boundaries of the empire, he 
set out with his servants in a ship and came to that city. 
When he arrived there he found a mighty multitude of 
governors and soldiers madly sacrificing to the gods of the 
Roman empire. Disgust laid hold of George when he saw 
their folly, and casting from him the idea of asking a favour 
at the hands of the governor Dadianus, he distributed 
among the poor all the money which he had brought to 
give to the governors, and determined to become a Christ- 
ian. He then went back to his ship and told his servants 
of his resolution, and they entreated him to allow them to 
return to their native city. George paid them their wages, 






XX PREFACE. 

and set them free on the condition that they did not go 
to his native city and inform his mother and sisters and 
his betrothed of his intention to die for Christ's sake. 
Three of Ins servants, Pasikrates, Lukios and Kirennios refus- 
ed to forsake their master, and having hired a house at Tyre, 
they witnessed his strife and death. Having stripped 
himself of all he possessed, even to his very clothes, 
he went into the presence of the governor Dadianus and 
proclaimed boldly that he was a Christian. Dadianus 
asked him questions about his birth, and parentage, and 
position in this world, adjuring him by the name of Christ 
to tell him the whole of his history. When Dadianus 
learned from George that he was of noble birth, and had 
served in the imperial army with considerable distinction, 
he endeavoured to turn him aside from his fatal decision: 
and admiring his beautiful form and handsome face he 
tried to allure him into further service by promises of ad- 
vancement in the empire and great rewards. George 
rejected his offers with scorn, and began to revile the im- 
perial gods, pointing out at the same time how aboniinably 
polluted they were as compared with Peter, Elijah, the 
Virgin Mary, and other saints. The patience of Dadianus 
being at last tired out by George's resistance he ordered 
him to be stripped naked by the attendants and thrown 
upon the wooden horse, or rack, to wrench his bones from 
their sockets; and they forced his feet into iron boots and 
drove nails into them; they put a weight of six hundred 
pounds upon him so that he burst asunder; they broke in 
his head with iron bars; they scraped him with scrapers, 






PREFACE. XXI 

and then poured vinegar and brine upon his wounds: and 
} aving nailed him to a bed they cast him into prison, 
vhere during the night Christ came and healed him 
entirely. On the following day when Dadianus found 
that he was healed he had him tied to four posts and 
beaten with eight hundred stripes, and vinegar and brine 
poured over him. That night Christ visited him again 
in prison and healed him. The next day Dadianus made 
a proclamation in which he invited any magician who 
was able to overcome George to come to his presence, 
promising to reward him well if he could defeat and kill 
him. In answer to this proclamation a man called Atha- 
nasius appeared and told the governor that he was able 
to do anything. When Dadianus asked for a proof of his 
assertion, Athanasius asked that an ox might be brought 
to him ; and when it was brought he whispered in its ear, 
and it split asunder into two parts which, when weighed, 
were found to be of equal weight. The governor was 
satisfied at his proof of power, and ordered that either he 
should overcome George, or that George should overcome 
him. Athanasius then filled a cup with drugs, and having 
uttered the mighty names of demons over it gave it to 
George to drink; George drank it, but the poison had no 
effect upon him. Athanasius begged for one more trial 
of his skill, and having mixed a more potent draught of 
poison, and having pronounced the names of more power- 
ful demons than the first over it, he gave it to George to 
drink; and he drank it without any evil consequence 
following. Athanasius the sorcerer, seeing that his magic 



XXII PKEFACE. 

was powerless, entreated that he might be baptized, and 
the apostle Thomas came and baptized him in the name 
of the Persons of the Trinity. Enraged at the defeat of 
the magician, Dadianus next ordered that George should 
be broken on the wheel, and when this was done the frag- 
ments of his body were thrown into a dry pit. And 
straightway there were earthquakes and lightnings, and 
Christ came down with His angels and commanded Michael 
to gather together the fragments of George's body and to 
bring them up out of the pit. Christ then reconstructed 
his body, and filled him with joy. After George had been 
thus raised from the dead at the request of Magnentius 
the governor of Armenia he wrought a miracle, and made 
the wooden legs of seventy seats to take root, and to put 
forth leaves, and to bear both blossom and fruit. This 
wonderful thing Dadianus ascribed to the power of his 
gods; and he continued to torture George with every con- 
ceivable act of cruelty, until at last he destroyed him by 
sawing him in twain and by boiling him to death in a 
cauldron of pitch, sulphur and tar. The cauldron which 
contained his rernains was then buried deep down in the 
earth, but Christ came down with His angels, and raised 
him up from the dead a second time. After George 
had been raised from the dead a second time he wrought 
four miracles. I He raised to life the dead ox of a woman 
called Cholastike, or Schollastike; II he raised to life some 
men and women who had been dead and buried for more 
than two hundred years; III he caused the pillar of the 
poor widow woman's house to take root and become a 



PREFACE. XXIII 

mighty tree twenty feet higher than any building in the 
town; IV he made the son of the widow to see. After 
t lese miracles Dadianus tortured him, and burnt him to 
( (uith, and when the attendants had scattered his ashes to 
ttie four winds of heaven Christ commanded the winds, 
iind they brought the ashes back, and He again restored 
George to life. When the governor had put to death all 
the soldiers who believed on God because He had raised 
George up from the dead, he commanded that George 
should be brought to him. When he had come Dadianus 
offered him one thousand pounds of gold to depart quietly 
out of the city, but he rejected the offer with scorn, and 
the governor began to torture him again. When Dadianus 
had had George's tongue torn out, his eyes destroyed and 
his legs broken, he made them throw him into prison until 
lie should make up his mind how to destroy him effectually. 
On the night following the torturing of George, Christ 
appeared into him in prison, and, bidding him be of 
good cheer, healed him of his wounds. When Dadianus 
found that he had spent seven years in torturing and 
killing George without having effected his purpose of 
making him sacrifice to the gods, he changed his tactics 
and began to flatter him, and pretended that he had only 
treated him as a loving father would treat a disobedient 
and wilful child. He would have followed up these peace- 
ful words by kissing George, but he told the governor that 
he would not accept his kiss until he had offered sacrifice 
to the gods. Dadianus, misunderstanding this reply, then 
took him into his palace, and leaving him in the chamber 






XXIV PREFACE. 

where Alexandra the Queen was, went out and caused a 
herald to proclaim that George would offer sacrifice to the 
gods on the morrow. When George had come into the 
palace he began to pray, and Alexandra hearing the prayer 
asked him to explain it to her, and to tell her about Christ. 
And Greorge told her of the creation of man and of his fall, 
of his enemy the devil, and of the coming of the Son of 
God into the world to save man from the fires of Amenti. 
When Alexandra learned that Apollo and Herakles and 
the other gods of the empire were not gods, but only idols, 
she believed on Christ, and entreated George to pray to 
Him on her behalf. On the following day Dadianus sent 
to bring George to offer sacrifice to Apollo, whereupon 
George commanded the little boy, to whom he had given the 
power of hearing, seeing, and walking, to go into the temple 
of Apollo, and to bid him to come to him. When the 
devil which sojourned in the idol heard George's command 
he leaped down from his pedestal and came to him; and 
he at once told George that he was the rebellious spirit 
who refused to bow down before Adam, and jbhat on 
account of this act of rebellion he was expelled from 
heaven. And when the devil had confessed all his evil 
deeds, George struck the earth with his foot, and it opened, 
and swallowed him up. Then George went into the temple, 
and threw down the images of Herakles and the other 
gods, and trampled them in the dust. When the priests 
saw what George had done they bound him with cords, 
and took him to Dadianus, who charged him with having 
lied and broken his promise to worship Apollo. Dadianus 



PREFACE. 



XXV 



b( ing greatly ashamed and enraged at the destruction of 
his idol, went into his palace and lamented to Alexandra 
h< >w much he had suffered at the hands of the Christians. 
Tien Alexandra reproached him for having maltreated 
tl em, whereupon Dadianus laid hold of her hair and 
d 'Egged her out before the governors, and told them what 
bid happened. And they ordered that she should be first 
stripped naked and tortured on the wooden horse, and 
'then that she should be beheaded, which took place 
on the 15th day of Pharmuthi. After these things 
Dadianus the governor passed sentence of death upon 
George, and each of the sixty-nine other governors signed 
[it, and George rejoiced greatly. And while the seventy 
governors were sitting at meat George prayed to God, and 
fire came down from heaven and consumed them; and 
when he had prayed concerning the resting place of his 
[body and the welfare of all mankind, he was beheaded on 
tie 23rd day of Pharmuthi. When George had been be- 
teaded, Pasikrates and Lukios and Kirennios his servants 
iame up and took away the head and trunk, and laid them 
together, and they went and bought spices, and embalmed the 
>ody, and laid it in a rock hewn tomb outside the city. And 
i1i chanced that the captain of a merchant ship from Joppa 
ut in at Tyre to sell his cargo, and the servants of George 
argained with him to carry the body of George to Joppa. 
iVlien it arrived there a certain kinsman of George caUed 
^eontius provided horses, and they carried the body to 
da or Dio spoils, together with an account of George's 
sufferings and martyrdom written by Pasikrates his servant. 






XXVI PREFACE. 

During the seven years in which George had been tortured, 
his mother and sisters and betrothed had all died, and the 
only kinsman of his left in Diospolis was his mother's 
brother called Andrew. When Andrew heard of the good 
things promised by Christ to those who should build a 
shrine to the name of George, he pulled down the house 
in which George had lived, and began to build at his own 
cost a small martyrium in which to deposit his body. 
Finding the work very expensive he fell into great grief, 
fearing lest he should be unable to complete the building 
which he had begun; but George appeared to him by night, 
and showed him a place in the ground where he had hid- 
den money during his life-time, and with this, and the help 
of his neighbours, he completed the building which was 
consecrated by Abba Theodosius the Bishop of Jerusalem 
on the 7th day of Athor. Soon after the consecration of 
the shrine it was wrecked by one of Diocletian's generals 
called Euchios, but it was afterwards rebuilt and greatly 
enlarged by the emperor Constantine. "When the emperor 
Theodosius II had reigned twenty years, he built a church 
in honour of George, and he gathered together the Bishops ] 
from all parts of the world, among them being Theodotus, 
Bishop of Ancyra, to the consecration of it. 

The most cursory examination of the Coptic version 
of the martyrdom of George is sufficient to show that the 
writer of it, or of the Greek text from which the Coptic 
version was probably made, was fully acquainted with 
certain facts relating to the persecution of the Christians 
by Diocletian; but it is also clear that the names of the 



PBEFACE. XXVII 

poisons who took part in it have been either wilfully or 
ignorantly corrupted by him, and that the historical se- 
Iquence of the events which took place during that period 
!h;is been destroyed. The first account of George's mar- 
tyrdom is said to have been written by his servant Pasi- 
k L'ates, 1 flotaixpaTT]?, but it has been considered to be un- 
trustworthy by many. However this may be, it is certain 
that both Theodosius, Bishop of Jerusalem about A. D. 
450, and Theodotus, Bishop of Ancyra, who lived in the 
early part of the Vth century, used and accepted the 
account of the martyrdom of George said to have been 
written by him. If, however, the encomiums attributed to 
Theodosius and Theodotus are not genuine, though I see 
no reason why they should not be, they were probably 
written about a century later. A Syriac version of the 
vork of Pasikrates existed in the YIth century, 2 and it has 
so much in common with the Coptic account of A published 
in this book, that I originally intended to publish it side 
by side with the Coptic text, edited from three MSS. in 
the British Museum, and a Nestorian Syriac MS. in the 



1 For the Greek and Latin texts see Acta Sanctorum, Appendix 
April 23; Lipomann, De Vitis Sanctorum, ii April 23; and Ray- 

lus, S. Georgia Gappadoce megalomartyre, viii, p. 335 sqq. See 
the list of Greek writers on S. George in Fabricius, Bibliotheca 
ix, pp. 79, 80. 

2 See Wright, Catalogue of the Syriac MSS. in the British Museum, 
.087. For a summary of the contents of the Syriac version see 

llmann, Uber die apokryplien Mdrtyrergeschichten des Cyriacus mit 
Tulitta und des Georgius, pp. 353 356, in the Sitzungsberichte der Kon. 
Preuss. Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, xxiii. 






XXVIII PREFACE. 

University Library, Cambridge. 1 The Arabic versions are 
of a later date, and are made from a comparatively modern 
recension of his original work, and from these were made 
the Ethiopic versions of the encomium of Theodotus of 
Ancyra. 2 

The Coptic account makes George to be martyred 
by Dadianus the 'great governor of the Persians', in 
the presence of seventy governors from all parts of the 
world. From the description of the ferocity of this go- 
vernor and his cruel tortures of the Christians no other 
historical character than Galerius Valerius Maximianus, 
who reigned jointly with Diocletian can be intended. This 
man was born of peasant parents and came from Dacia, 3 
he embraced the profession of a soldier and grew up 
without either manners or education. 4 The general called 
Euchios in the ninth miracle of St. George (p. 77) who 
was sent by Diocletian to overthrow George's shrine at 
Lydda, is described as being of savage disposition, and from 



1 The Syriac version of the work attributed to Pasikrates, with 
an English translation, will be published by Mr. Nutt as soon as 
possible. 

2 See Wright, Catalogue of the Ethiopic MSS. in the British Museum, 
pp. 162, 168, 189 and 190, and Zotenberg, Catalogue des Manuscrits 
Ethiopiens, p. 203. 

3 Hence his name Dacianus or Dadianus. See Heylin, St. George 
p. 169. 

4 Tillemont, Hist, des Empereurs, iv, p. 25. Ignorant of letters, 
careless of laws, the rusticity of his appearance and manners still 
betrayed in the most elevated fortune the meanness of his extraction. 
War was the only art which he professed. G-ibbon, Decline and Fall, 
chap. xiii. 



PBEFACE. XXIX 

j the description of the manner of his death Gralerius must 
b3 the man described. The Coptic text and Lactantius 1 
d ascribe him as being more wicked than any other man 
upon earth, and it is well known that he was not only the 
first and principal cause of the persecution of the Chri- 
s ians, but also the man who incited Diocletian to publish 
his edicts against the Christians. His appellation of 'great 
governor of the Persians' was given to him by the Copts 
1 ecause of his celebrated defeat of Narses, king of 
Persia, about 297 A. D. 2 The two edicts against the 
Christians which are attributed to Dadianus are no 
doubt those of Diocletian published at Mcomedia in the 
year 303. 3 The first was directed against the property of 
the Christians, and the second against their lives: these 
facts agree exactly with the statements respecting the 
edicts of Dadianus given in the Coptic text. According 
to the statements in the Coptic account of the martyrdom 
of Gleorge he cannot have been finally put to death 
by the sword before 310 A. D. 4 The Christian church 
grew and flourished under the first twenty years of the 
reign of Diocletian, A. D. 284 303, and it was not until 
Gralerius had conquered the Persians that any serious 
check was put upon Christianity. During the winter of 
the year 303 Gralerius and Diocletian were at Mcomedia 



I 1 De mwtibus persecutorum, cap. 9. 
2 Gibbon, Decline and Fall, chap. viii. 
3 Tillemont, Memaires, v, p. 21. 
4 It is usually thought that George was martyred at Nicomedia 
A. D. 303. 



XXX PKEFACE. 

discussing their future treatment of the Christians, and 
on the 24th February, the day after the demolition of 
the church of Mcomedia, the first edict against them was 
passed. The edict had scarcely been exhibited in the public 
place when it was torn down by a Christian, who took 
the opportunity of abusing the governors at the same time. 
This young man was seized, and after having been tortured 
most cruelly, was slowly roasted to death. I do not think 
that this young man was Saint George as Eusebius believes 
(Hist. Eccles. viii, 5), but I think it more than probable that 
his manner of death suggested the romance of the martyr- 
dom of Saint George. The Coptic text makes George to 
be tortured by Dadianus for seven years at Tyre, and as 
the torturing of the Christians did not begin until after 
the publication of Diocletian's second edict that would 
make the year of George's death to be 310 or 311 A. D. 
The youth, however, who tore down the edict was tortured 
at Mcomedia in the year 303 and, according o the Greek 
churches, was called John. It is not easy to account for 
the sixty-nine governors who were gathered together to the 
presence of Dadianus, but we must not forget that, in 
the narrative, only four of them appear to take any active 
part in the martyrdom of Saint George, a fact which 
reminds us of Diocletian and his three associates, Maximian, 
Galerius and Constantius. When we read of St. George 
causing the governors to be burnt up by divine fire just 
before his death, it seems very possible that an allusion to 
the two attempts made to destroy Diocletian and Galerius 
and their palace by fire within fifteen days of the publica- 



PREFACE. XXXI 

ti3n of the first edict against the Christians, is intended. 1 
Thus there is some evidence that the original writer of 
the martyrdom of St. G-eorge was well acquainted with 
tlie facts of the persecution of the Christians by Galerius, 
Lut that either wilfully or ignorantly the names of those 
v r ho took part in it were corrupted or changed, and the 
historical sequence of events destroyed. 

I am unable to say when the Coptic version of the 
Martyrdom of Greorge was made, but it must have been 
known and read as early as the time of Theodotus, Bishop 
of Ancyra, in the early part of the Yth century. The 
fragments D and B of the Sahidic version show that the 
work was known all over Egypt in the IXth century; and 
as we find in E a marginal note, I7MF & NCDUJ, "the fourth 
time of reading", indicating the passage which was to be 
read at the fourth reading of the martyrdom, we are cer- 
tain that it was read publicly in the churches of Upper 
Egypt at that period. 

The Coptic text shows us clearly that the dragon which 
George fought and overcame was none other than the 
impious Dadianus, and it proves, if further proof is needed, 
that George the martyr and George the opponent of 
Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, were two distinct per- 
sons; the fact being that Athanasius the Bishop has been 
confused with Athanasius the sorcerer whom Greorge the 
martyr overcame. And the princess whom popular 
tradition says Saint George rescued from the dragon, 



1 Till era ont, Memoir es, v, 9. 



XXXII PKEFACE. 

is Alexandra the wife of Dadianus who was converted to 
the Christian religion, and was baptized and suffered 
martyrdom. 

As for Saint George the martyr it is very improbable 
that such a person ever lived. The young man who tore 
down the edict at Mcomedia, and the fearful sufferings 
which he suffered, afforded ample material for the con- 
struction of a martyr who should not only be able to endure 
every suffering and torture which the malice and hate of 
a tyrannical governor could devise, but who should die 
several times and be raised up again to life by the power 
of Jesus Christ. Every new version which was made of 
the martyrdom contained some new wonder or miracle, 
and we know that the acta of Saint George became ab- 
solutely incredible before the end of the fifth century, for 
about the year 495, Pope Gelasius decreed that, al- 
though George was to be esteemed as a genuine martyr, 
yet his passion was not to be read because of it being the 
work of heretics. 1 The popular versions of the martyrdom 
of Saint George current among Christian nations assign 
to him tortures which he never could have endured, and 
^endow him with powers which he never could have 
possessed. He has been universally regarded as a helper 
of the poor and needy, a defender of the weak against 
the strong, a mediator between God and man, a bene- 
factor of all mankind, a co-regent of the Holy Trinity 



i See Tillemont, Memoires, xii, pp. 694, 695; Theil, Epistolae Ro- 
manorum pontificum genuinae, i, p. 458; and Dillmann, tfber die apo- 
Jcryphen MartijrergescliicUen, p. 1. 



PKEFACE. 



XXXIII 



heaven, and, in short, the traditions of Saint George 
made him to usurp all the power possessed by man 
ud beast upon earth, and the omniscience and omni- 
x)tence of God in heaven. Moreover, round about him 
uve gathered the myths of the most ancient nations of 
tl ie world , and I doubt much if the whole story of Saint 
George is anything more than one of the many versions 
o::' the old-world story of the conflict between Light and 
Darkness, or Ba and Apepi, 1 andMarduk andTiamat, woven 
upon a few slender threads of historical fact. Tiamat 2 the 
scaly, winged, foul dragon, and Apepi the powerful enemy 
of the glorious Sungod, were both destroyed and made 
to perish in the fire which he sent against them and their 
fiends: and Dadianus, also called the 'dragon', with his 
friends the sixty-nine governors, was also destroyed by fire 
called down from heaven by the prayer of Saint George. 3 



1 See a paper by M. Clermont G-anneau, Horus et Saint George, 
in the Revue Archeologique for Sept. and Dec. 1866. La legende de 
Saint Georges, tuant le dragon, est inconnue aux Coptes, et c'est a tort 
qu'on a profite de cette legende pour ecrire que les Coptes avaient 
identifie Horus et Saint Georges: c'est Saint Michel qui avait ete identifie 
avecHorus, vengeur de son pere: c'est Saint Michel qui tuait le dragon ;; 
infernal et ceux qui survenaient sur terre. Amelineau, Contes et Romans g 
de L'Egypte Chretienne, p. LIV. 

2 The Babylonian text of the fight between Marduk and Tiamat 
rom a fragment of the 4th tablet of the 'Creation' series is published 
n the Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology for December 1887. 

3 For the identification of Saint George with Mithra see Gut- 
schmid, Uber die Sage vom hi. G-eorg, als Beitrag zur iranischen Mythen- 
jeschichte, pp. 185 202. (In Berichte uber die Verhandlungen der Kdnig- 
lich Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, 1861. Philo- 
logisch-historische Classe.) 



XXXIV PBEFACE. 

The information which the Coptic martyrdom of Saint 
George affords us in respect of hell is very interesting; 
firstly, because it shows what the Copts thought hell was 
like, and secondly, because we see from it that the ideas of 
the ancient Egyptians on this subject are reproduced with 
but slight variation. The Coptic translators of the Bible 

rendered b*WD and 6 G&YK by AMEN'h i. e. ^ Amentet, 

\ r\^/i 

a word which meant first of all 'the place where the sun 
hid himself, and afterwards 'the place of the dead'. 1 In 
this place Osiris sat in a hall of judgment surrounded by 
the forty-two "assessors" of the dead. 2 Anubis, the god 
of the dead, stood by waiting to seize and carry off the 
unfortunate soul that had been "weighed in the balance 
and found wanting", 3 and near him stood the beast, part 
lion, part crocodile, and part hippopotamus. The Copts 
inherited their idea of the judgment hall in Amenti from 
their ancestors the ancient Egyptians; and the burning 
fires which, in the old mythology, consumed the enemies 
of the Sun god, were made to assist in torturing the souls 
of the damned. 

The Coptic hell was a place of fervent and parching 
heat, and it is said that "the heat of the sun is nothing 
beside that of Amenti, and if a man were to pass all his 
time standing in the sun, it would not be equal to one day 



1 Brugsch, Diet. Geog. i, p. 33. 

2 See the vignette to the 125th chap, of the Book of the Dead. 

3 For a very interesting paper on the connexion of the verse 
in Daniel with the scene in the Book of the Dead see Clermont 
Ganneau in the Journal Asiatique, Serie 8, t. viii, pp. 36 67. 



PREFACE. XXXV 

o: punishment. 1 When John, the son of Pisentios, Bishop 
of Coptos, complained of having had no water for two or 
t iree days, his father asked him to imagine what the suffer- 
i igs must be 2 of those who had to pass through the river 
cf fire in hell. The punishments meted out to souls in 
junenti were various: "some, whose sins are many, are 
now in Amenti, some are in outer darkness, some are in 
pits and wells filled with fire, some are in the nethermost 
hell, AMUN'f ETCA TTFCHT, some are in the river of fire, 
and to these no rest hath been vouchsafed until this 
minute." 3 

The dead men who were raised to life by the martyrs 
give us accounts of what they saw and what they suffered. 
'When Macarius of Antioch had raised to life a man who 
had been dead six hours, he asked him that had been 
lead to describe his state after death, 4 and the man replied, 
"I was a man who worshipped idols ; and when I came to die 
the dekans (gANkHKANOc), came after me, and their faces 
and forms were different from one another. Some had the 
face of a beast, some had the face of a dragon, some had 
the face of a lion, some had the face of a crocodile and 
some had the face of a bear. 5 And they tore my soul from 
my body with terrible mercilessness, and they ran away 




1% Amelmeau, Etude sur le Christianisme en Egypte au Septieme 

?, p. 80. 

2 Ibid. p. 140. Ibid. p. 144. 

4 Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de VEgypte, p. 56. 

5 Compare the various forms of the heads of the 42 assessors of 
the dead in the vignette of the 125th chap, of the Book of the Dead. 



XXXVI PKEFACE. 

with it to the great river of fire and plunged me in it to a 
depth of four hundred cubits; then they took me and set 
me before the Judge of truth. And I heard this sentence 
come forth from him: -Take away from before me this 
soul which has made devils to be gods, and which has 
denied the God who made it, and let it know that Grod 
liveth on high. After these things they ran away with me to 
a place of darkness wherein there was no light, and they 
cast me out into the cold where there was gnashing of teeth. 
And I saw there the worm that dieth not having the head 
of a crocodile. 1 And he was surrounded by reptiles of all 
(kinds) who threw down souls before him, and when his 
own mouth was full he made the other beasts to eat also, 
and they rent us but we did not die. After these things 
they brought me out of that place, and carried me to 
Amenti for ever. And while they were dragging me 
along I heard a voice behind me, saying, "Bring him back, 
for he must needs be sent back to the world again through 
the prayers of Saint Apa Macarius of Antioch;" and they 
brought my soul back and placed it in my body." 

.A fuller description of the inhabitants and tortures of 
hell is given in the following extract which states that the 
damned do not suffer on the Sabbath day. The man who 
had been dead two hundred years (infra p. 2 1 9) when George 
raised him up from the dead, said that rest was given on 
the Lord's day to every soul in hell, except to those who, 

1 Compare the beast part lion, and part hippopotamus, and having 
the face of a crocodile in the vignette of the 125th chap, of the Book 
of the Dead. 



PEEFACE. XXXVII 

in their lifetime, had worshipped idols. John, the son of 
L'lsentios, used to go to take water to his father every 

Sabbath day, and one day when he came he heard 
Iscmeone weeping sorrowfully and entreating his father, 
Isrying, "I beseech thee, my father and master, to 

entreat the Lord for me that He may release me from 

these punishments, and may not cast me back again into 

[them, for I have suffered greatly." And I thought that it 

was a man talking with my father, for the place was dark; 
I and I sat down and listened to the mummy talking with 
I my father. Then my father said to the mummy, "From 
I what nome comest thou?" and the mummy said, "I am 
I from the town of Erment." My father said to him, "Who 
I was thy father?" and the mummy said, "My father was 
I Agricola, and my mother was Eustathia." My father said, 
I 'What god did they serve?" and the mummy said, "They 

worshipped Poseidon the god of the sea." My father said 
to him, "Didst thou hear if Christ had come into the world 
before thou diedst?" The mummy said, "No, my father, 
for my parents were pagans (gANguAnNOc), and I followed 
their manner of life. Woe, woe is me, that I was born 
into the world. Why did not my mother's womb become 
my grave? And it came to pass that when I came to the 
necessity of death the chief evil spirits (wKOCMOKpAToap) 
came round about me, and they spoke of all the evil which 
I had wrought, saying, "Let me come now and deliver 
thee from the punishments into which thou wilt be thrown." 
And they had iron knives and iron goads pointed like 
spears in their hands, and they stuck them into me, and 



XXXVIII PREFACE. 

they gnashed me with their teeth. And after a short time 
my eyes were opened and I saw the dead hovering about 
in the air in a multitude of forms. Then straightway the 
merciless angels brought my wretched soul out of my body 
and tied it under a bodiless horse, and dragged me down 
to Amenti. woe is every sinner like myself born into 
the world! 0, my master and father, how numerous were] 
the pitiless torturers, each with a different form, into whose j 
power they gave me! what a number of wild beasts] 
did I see on the way! how exceeding great was the 
power of those that tortured me! And when they had 
cast me forth into outer darkness I saw a huge place more 
than two hundred cubits deep filled with reptiles, and some 
of them had seven heads, and their whole bodies were .... 
like scorpions. And there was also a huge worm most 
terrible to behold, and the teeth in his mouth were 
like iron stakes ; and they threw me down for that worm, 
which never rests, to eat. And all the beasts are assembled 
round about him at all times, and when he fills his mouth, 
all the wild beasts round about him fill their mouths." My 
father said to him, "Since thou art dead until this 'present 
has there never been any repose given to thee, or any time 
in which thou hast not been made to suffer?" The mummy 
replied, "Yes, my father, pity is shown to those who are 
enduring punishment every Sabbath and every Lord's day. 
When the Lord's day has come to an end, we are (again) 
cast into the punishments which we deserve that we may 
forget the years that we have lived in the world; and when 
we have forgotten the sorrow of this punishment they 



PREFACE. XXXIX 

cast us into others yet more painful. And while thou wast 
piaying for me, straightway the Lord commanded those 
w 10 were scourging me, and they took out the iron gag 
aich they had put in my mouth and set me free, and I 
c;me to thee. Behold now I have told thee what I have 
suffered. Pray for me, my master and father, that a 
li:tle rest may be given to me, and that they may not cast 
n.e into that place again." My father said, "The Lord is 
merciful, and He will show mercy unto thee. Lie down and 
sleep until the general resurrection in which every one 
shall arise, and thou also shalt arise with them." 1 

In the winter of 1885 I wrote to Prof. Ignazio Gruidi 
of Rome asking him if it would be possible to obtain a 
copy of the Sahidic fragment of the Martyrdom of Saint 
Greorge preserved in the Vatican. He mentioned my wish 
to Prof. Henri Hyvernat, Professor of Assyriology and 
Egyptology in Rome, who immediately sent to me his copy 
of the fragment which he had made some time before. He 
gave me permission to publish it, and most kindly offered 
to collate the 'proofs' with the original. As soon as Prof. 
Hyvernat knew that I was printing the martyrdom and 
miracles of Saint Greorge from the Bodleian manuscript, 
be sent to me, unasked, his copy of the encomium of Theo- 
dotus, Bishop of Ancyra, upon Saint George, and promised 
that if I printed it he would collate the proofs with the 
manuscript. This offer I gladly accepted, and not only I, but 
all lovers of Coptic literature, and all who are interested 



1 Amelineau, Etude sur le Christianisme en Egypte, pp. 147 150. 






XL PREFACE. 

in matters relating to the Coptic church, owe him a large 
debt of gratitude for his generosity. My thanks are alsc 
due to the Curators of the Bodleian Library for their loan 
to me of the manuscript A; and to the Earl of Crawford 
and Balcarres for the use of the MSS. B and E, and foi 
his kind permission to print any part of them. 

Since the whole of my edition of the Coptic texts 
relating to Saint Greorge, and the English translation 
them was in type , M. Amelineau has published a very 
interesting little work entitled Contes et Romans de U Egypt 
Chretienne, in which he has given a translation of the A 
manuscript, the text of which is printed in this book 
As a large number of the sheets of this book were printed of 
I was unable in my edition to note the variations in our 
translations, and as they agree substantially, there was per- 
haps little need to do so. I must in justice to myself stat< 
that the publication of my edition of the Coptic texts anc 
the English translation of themwas delayed nearly a year 
through my absence from England on the two missions to 
Egypt and Mesopotamia which the Trustees of the British 
Museum did me the honour to entrust to me. 

Finally I dedicate this book to Mr. P. Le Page Renouf 
in recognition of many kindnesses shown to me, and as a 
mark of respect for the distinguished Egyptologist who 
first threw scientific light upon the difficult subjects of 
Egyptian grammar and mythology. 

London, September 8. 1888. 

E. A. WALLIS BUDGE. 




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EpMETAplON NEM O'YC^E EqOl NATpE NEM ^ANXIX 15 
<T, B. MBENtTTl NEM gANCHqi NXAX^AC NEM gANEO)Oy 
NqOXO)AA NEM ^ANCA^ MBEMTTl Eyoy O)TbN NNIKAC 

MMAy NEM ^ANBAo^oyp EyMocK NEM nco>x:[n] 

NNlCEOBAlOy NTE NIBA^ANOC E6NAO)T. OyOg AqE- 
pANACp NXE noypO EqXO) MMOC XE EO)O)n AtO)AN- 20 
XEM gANOyON EyOl N^HT B EyXO) MMOC 
2;. A. 0)0)T NNlNOyf- 'f-NAO^lB't NNAl^ONgEN NTE 
NTAEpBA^ANl^lN MMO)Oy 

ci ^NAboMbEM Mnmyproc NTE 

NNOyA^HOyi. ^NAXCOp EBOA NTCCOOygl %> 

t>EN gANCHqi Ey(|)0pl. 'HlAEpKlN&pl^lN 
MMO)Oy. ^NABICI NNENCHBl NpATOy. ^NACO)An 
B. NNlMOyTNTEnoyCODMA.ETAyCCOTEM^EENAlNXE 
NIMHO). AyEpgof EMAO^O) fc>AT^H ENIBA^ANOC gO)C- 
TE NHEGOyCDU) EEpMApTypOC EyNAy ENIMHO) 30 




MAprypiA NTF niAPioc ppcuppioc. 



HBA^ANOC NCF FpKyNAlNFyiN U)ATF P NpOMTll 

ciNiAnFoyAi ujFpToAnAN FXOC XF ANOK oyxpwc- 

TIANOC. NFOyONOyt>FAa)tpinFFnFqpANnF PFCDp- 

I'H A. PIOC. nipw NTF ^MeeMHi nicioyi FTTAIHOYT FT 

I * * 

t>EN eHwt NT(j)FNFM RKAgl. <|)Al TF NAqOl NGpl- 5 
BOyNOC tFN ^TAJIC NTF ^MFTOypO. 
NFOy FBoAfc>FN ^KAnnAAOKlA nF. 



wxpwMA Aqi #A noypo AAAIANOC 

Ffc)OKq fWOMHC HF. FTAqi AF FgpHl F^BAKl 10 

NXF niAPlOC PECOpriOC. FTAqNAy F(])AlBl N 

pCDOy t>FN 'I'MFTCyAHC^F IAO)AON AyXA 

CATOTq A nFq^HT ^)O)Ng FXO) NCO)q N 

NTF tHFTeplBOyNOCFqxa)MMOC 2CF FINAFpMATOl 

ANOK HHAOC tHC HXC ITOypO NTF NtHOi. 15 

TOTF AqCODp NNEqXpHMA THpOy FBOA 

NTOTq AqTHiToy NNigHKi Aq^bxiFboyN 
NNioypcooy Aqcou) FBOA Fqxco MHOC 

HTTFTFNMBON 01) NlOypCUOy. HRFp^OC FNFFTF 
gANNOy^ AN NF XF NOyf. NlNOyf" PAp FTF 20 

HnoyeAHtb NTCJ)FNFM nuAgi MApoyTAKo. ANOK 

AlNAOyCDC^T HTTlOyAl HMAyATq ffi (j)l(JDT 

MUFNOC uTc nxc NFH ninHA FeoyAB. FTAq- 

XOyOJT AF Fpoq NXF m^pAKOJN HFXAq XF OyON 
NIBFN FTAyi FBOA^ITFN fMFTpFqFpnFONANFq 25 
NTF NlNOy^. ANON AF FNHn FNHFT CAHFCHT. 
CJ^pH NFM niXpCDM FNAyOyODNg PAp FpON HF 
NXF NlNOyV H^pwt NgANNlO)'!- AplFMl ^NOy XF 
NOOK AKOJOOJTFN AAAA NFNKFNOyt NMKFOC 

N0)oy. ^Noy XF Api ujoya)a)oya)i NNI- so 



fMAprypiA NTF mXnoc rFtopnoc. 



niAnoAAtoN (JmFeNO<3FM 

THpC. NlNOy^ FTAKGFBlCOOy GFT TTOygHT NFMAK 
CFCCUoyN NNHFTtTAtO NtOOy OyO FTCCDTFM 
NCCOOy OyO CFCODOyN NNHFTFpklMtOpIN NNH- 

[FT]FPATCCOTFM N(ooy. ^Noy XF HATAHOI XF j 

N00K Oy FBOA 90)N IF NIM HF HFKpAN IF FTAKt 

AnAiHA FeBFoy Nga^B. AqFpoyd) NXF niArioc 

t. B. rFcoprioc Fqxa) MMOC XF nAo^opn NpAN nFTAy- 

THiq Fpoi HF xpycriANoc oyog ANOK oy 

FBOAfcBN TTlO)AoA NNlKAnnAAOKFOC FAyboKT 10 

HHATOI t>FN oynoyMFpON FqTAivioyT. oyog 

AtXODK NTAMFTOptBOyNOC FBoA NKAAcDC NAl- 
0)0n TTF bFN fUAAFCTlNH NXCDpA OyOg FTAy- 

a)ANoya)T HMAy. NIM NF NiNoyt d) noypo 

VA. A. FTFUFpANAPKA^lN HMOl CO noypo FOyO)O)T 15 

HHCooy. HFXF noypo NAq XF Ftoycoa) NTFKFp- 
a)oya)0)oycpi HntXnoAAcoN (j)MFTAqFO) TC])F 

NFM nOClTCON (])HFTAqTAXpO HTTlKAl FyCOH. 

AqFpoycb NXF mXnoc rpcoprioc Fqxco HHOC XF 

F6BHTK AN 0) ni^pAKCOH FTgCOOy NFM NFKO)(j)Hp 20 

Noypcooy.^ AAAA FGBF NAIMHO) FTO^I FpAToy 

TA. B. 'f-NAC^lpl FGBF NA1AIKFOC NFM F6BF NFKNOy^ 
FGMtOOyT FKFpANAPKA^lN MMOl 0) TTOypO FFp- 

(^oyu)cooytt)i NNIM. nprpoc mccorn NTF NIA- 

nOCToAoC 0)AN TTIATTOAAODN nipFqTAKO NTF 25 

nmocMoc rvipq FKoycoa) NTAFpeyciA^) NNIM. 

MATAMOl HAtAC niOFCByTHC niAPPFAoC FT^IXFN 

a)AqAAwi 



n v Cl 

l ) ms. NTAFpetA 



fMAprypiA NTF niAPioc PFcoppioc. 



A. FTTa)0)l bA NlTTlAH NTF T())F. O)AN CKAMANApOC( 1 ) 
TTIAXO) (J)HFTAqFp^lK FTTlXpCDM (|)HFTOl NpFqO)lNl 
NOyMHU) bFH NIMAPIA TTINCDIK NTF ^MHTIA 
(|HlFTAqFpMFC CAAp NFM CAp(j)AT Nl6c|)ANl 

NTF 170NTOC ^BAKl NAl FTF NOygBHoyi 5 

oyo# AyxoAnoy bFN nFTO)HK NTF 

(|)IOM. AXOC NHl CD TTOypO XF AK00NTFN MMCDOy 
IB. B. FNIM CAMOywA nipFqTODBg MC])^ O)AN nOClACJON 
nipFqTAKO NTF NIFXHOy NTF (J)IOM ANTOC NFM 
FpAKAHC 0)AN NlpFqiJl XAOM NTF NIMApTypOC 10 

NFM Nirrpo<JmTHc. AXOC NHI d) noypo XF FKGON- 

TFN MMCDOY FNIM IF^ABFA ^pFqbcDTFB NTF 
NinpO(j)HTHC O)AN MAplA ^HApOFNOC GMAy 
r. A MHAOC IHC nxC. <fia)lTTl NAK O) HOypO &NHO\^ 

AN NF NHFTOyCDO)T MMCDOy. AAAA ANlkO)AoN 15 
NKOyp NF. NAl AF FqXO) MMCDOy NXF HIAPIOC 

pFCDppioc AqxcDNT NXF noypo. AqFpKFApyiN 

NCFAO)q FniFpMFTAplON NCFgCDKl MMOq O)ATF 
NFqMAbT XCDO) FBoA glXFN niKAgl. MFNFNCA 

NAI AF Aqepoy(5tt)AKq FBoA NXF A NO^CDH 20 

IP. B. MMATOl NCF^lOyi FpOq bFN bANMOyT MMACl 
0)ATF NICApZ NTF TTFqCCDMA CCDAn FHFCHT. OyOg 

IAqepoy^cDpn AnpqccDMA N^Moy. oyog Aq- 
epoyiNi NANca)K AqcDi Fepoybi^ 
MA NbwToy a)ATF npqcNoq CCDK bApoq M( 
NOyMCDOy. N00q AF NAqAMONl NTOTq bFN TTl- 25 

iA. A. BA^ANOC. oyog AqFpKFApyiN AF ON FGpoyiNi 
NAq NoyecDoyi MBFNim FoyoN gANXoA OYOTFN 

i) Arab. 



^MApTypiA NTE niAnoc rFcoprioc. 



Fpoq Aq^ tqT FNIOIOTT NTF parq FboyN Fpoq 
FNApE nEqcNoq CCJDK TIE H^pw^ Noynouoy. 
oyo NAqAMom NTOTq XF H^pw^- Neoq AN 

TTF FTOyFpBACANl^lN HMOq. OyO^ MFNFNCA NAl 

AqepoyeAMto Noyc^Hoyi Fc(foct Aqepoyiw NZ 
B Niqr FynocK FHAcyo) oyog nhpni nbHroy NAy- 

CO)An NCA NICApZ NTF TT16MHI. 

AyFNq FnFCHT FBoA^ 1 t^woyi Aybirq F 
HMoaoy AycAg't bApoq. 

NAy^ioyi FXFN TFqX^)F fc>FN 10 
a)AT oyhoH^FM NTca>oy^i wxcoq 
TF. A. oyo^ nFqANKF(])AAoc AqxoDc^ FBoA^FN pa)q 
^pw't- Noyfepa)^ oyog nFqca)MA rwpq 

NCNOq HC^pH^ NOyTAT^. TOTE AqFp- 

NXF noypo Ayiwi woy^)AO)i NTF oy- 15 
CTyAAoc FyFCKFpKFp MMoq NXF H wpoD 
AyTAAoq FXFN TFqNF^i A.qepoycoN^q 
Fpoq NToyXAq a)AT pqco^Ni XF AqNAFpoy 

IF. B. fc>FN niFXCOp^ AF FTFMMAy AqOyCDNg NXF HOC 

FmXrtoc TFCDpnoc npxAq NAq XF 6po HMOK 20 

NTFKXFMNOM r t' TTAMENplT TFODpriOC ANOK 
NAK 0)AT FKqAl t>A NAl^lCl THpOy 
FTAyFNOy FXODK ^ODpK MHOl MMIN HHOl NFM 
NAArrFAoC FOOyAB XF fc>FN nXINMlCl NNl^lOHl 
. A. MITFOyON TCONq FNAAq FIODANNHC nipFq+ODHC 25 
HFNFNCOq N00K HE NNFOyON TCDNq FqONl HMOK 
1C eWTTHE AITWC NAK E0pFKFpoC FHl O NOypO 
^)HFTFKNAXOq FqFO)(Dm HHODOy. N00K &F XNA- 

Hoy Nr Neon NTATOYNOCK t>FN nicon AF HHA^A 

ANOK HMIN HMOl ElEl FXEN Nl<fHTTl NTAO)Al 30 



NTF niXrioc recupnoc. 



B. 



i;;.B. 



1H A- 



I. B. 



NTAnApAOHKH FTAIXAAOC FpOK fc>FN 1TFKTTAN- 
U)0)m FGOyAB. XFMNOM'f MUFpFp^O^ XF ANOK 
'f-XH NFMAK. OyO FTAqFpACnA^FCGF MMOq Aq- 

u)F NAq Firman FNufmoyi fc>FN oYNto)^ N(boy HFM 
NFqArrFAoc FeoyAB. FTATOoyi &F o)O)ni Aqoy- 5 
A^CA^MI NXF noypo Aypwq FXFN niBHMA. weoq 

AF NAqFpxJ/AAlN FqXO) MMOC XF (jvt HA^GHK FTA- 
BOM01A MA0HK FnXlNCyOHT FpOK. FTAq(j)0^ AF 
FniBHMA AqO)O) FBOA FqXO) HMOC XF TTIBHMA All 
^ApOK ON M(])OOY N9(Jl)K NFH HFRAnoAAcDN NODNl 10 
AMOK NFM HAOC IHC TTXC. OyO^ AyAMONl MHOq 

AyifoAnq FBoAbFN A MMoycpp NAygioyi Fpoq 

TTF t>FN ^ANMOyT HMACl fc>FN FIFqCOl NFM TFq- 

NFxinAAiN ON AqepoyrAceoq Fnic^TFKo. Aqct>Ai 
AF NXF noypo AAAIANOC NoyfenicToAn Fqxo) MHOC i r - 

MTTAlpH^ XF 'fcbAl N^OlKOyMFNl THpC XFpFTF 
XF AXO) NtBFN NFM MAPOC NIBFN FTP OyONO)XOM 

MMODoy tH-oyti) FBoA WNIMAPIA NTF nixpycn- 

ANOC MApFqi fc>ApOt ^NA^" NAq NOyMHO) NXpHMA 
NFM 90)0) NtBFN FTFqNAFpFTIN MMO)Oy OyOg 20 

qNAo)coni Fqoi MMA^B {DFN TAMFroypo. FTA- 
qoyo)pn AF NNAIC^AI FBoAbFN ^oiuoyMFNH rwpc 
gwnnF tc oypo)Mi AqoyoN^q FBoA FnpqpAN HF 

A0ANACIOC Aqi A HOypO FqXtt) MMOC XF TTOypO 
(JDNb O)A FNF^ NNF^Al NgCDB FpATXOM MHAMOO 25 

FBoA. AqpAu)i NXF noypo nFXAq NAq XF Acy 

HF niMHINI FTFKNAAiq MTTAMGO XF glNA NTAFMl 
XF OyONO)XOM MMOK F^OyO) FBoA NNMAPIA 
NTF NIXplCTtANOC. AqFpOyd) NXF A0ANACIOC 
TTFXAq XF MApOyiNl NOyMACt. FTAyFNq Aq- 30 



8 fMApTypiA NTF mXrioc recoprioc. 

CAXI Fbpm FTTFqMAo)x Aq(})0)b Aqepe. oyog 

To. A. nFXAq NAq XF MApoyim NHI NoyMAO)i oyo 

AyFNC NAq. FTAygioyi &E NTCJ)AO)I NTF TTIMACI 

FoycA NTF ^MAo)i oyo^ r f-KE(|)Aa)i fenmecA Ayt 

FBOA FO)HO) NFM NOyFpHOy ^(JDCTF NTOyO)TFM 5 

oyrcoi ca)K Foyroai. AqoyA^CA^Hi NXF noy- 

po AqepoyiNi MniXrioc PFoaprioc IXFN niBHHA 

ie. B. npxAq NAq XF rFODpnoc FGBHTK Ainoyl- FTTAI- 

pODMl FboyN FTAHFTOypO IF NTFK^Oya) NNFq- 
MAriA FBOA IF NTPq-foyti) NNOyK FBOA IF NTFK- 10 
IF NTFqboGBFK. niAPlOC PFODpriOC AF 

FniMAroc nFXAq NAq XF icoc MMOK 

OACON TTFTFKOyGUO) FAiq XplTq NXO)AFM XF 
K. A. 'fNAy PAp FpOK FAFIlgMOT T&&K ^CDK. 1>FN 

'toyNoy &F FAq<fi NAq NoyX(|)OT NXF AOANACIOC is 

AqiCDt MnFqgO FBOA AqMOyJ- OyBF gANpAN NTF 
gANAFHO)N FXFN niA^COT AqTHiq NAq F0pFq- 

coq. FTAqcoq AF nnp^Ai nnFT^caoy TA^ouq 
FHTHpq. AqFpoyd) NXF XeANACioc npxAq NAq 

XF HAOC KF MHINt HMAyATq HE ^NATHiq NAK. 20 
K. B. F(^0)n NTFO)TFM nFT^CDOy 0)0)171 MMOK ^NA^ 
gO) F(j)HFTAyFpCTAypO)NlN MMOq. Aq(fl 2^F NKF- 
A(|)0)T AqiOU MHEq^O FBOA Nt>HTq AqMOyf 
FANpAN NAFMO)N FgpHl FXO)q FygO)Oy FgOTF 

Ni^oyXt- Aq1"NAq MniA([)o)T FepFqco)q. oyo 25 
FTAqco>q ON NXF mXrioc AnF^Ai MnFT^o)oy 

KA, A.TAg^q- FTAqNAy NXF A0ANACIOC XF MTTF^Al 

MnFT^o)oy o)o>m MMoq. npxAq XF (j)HF0oyAB 
TFCDpnoc nicTAypoc Fpon NTF no)wpi McfrJ" THC 
nxc (|)HFTAqi FniuocMoc FNO^FM NNippqFpNOBt so 






NTF niAPlOC PFCDpPtOC. 

NAl t>A TAVj/yXH OyO HOI N^CC^pAPlC NTF ffxC 
NHl. &A&IANOC&F FTAqNAy F(j)HFTAqU)(TTl Aq- 
[A. B, XCDNT FMAU)0) AqoyAgCA^Nl NCFO)Al HTllMAPOC 
CABOA N^BAKl NCFboOBFq NTCHqi OyO AqXODK 
NTFqMApTyplA FBoA AqFpnFMlTU^A MTfKDNb 5 

F. TOTF AqppKFApyiN NXF noypo pepoy- 

MT71APIOC PFCOpPlOC FniO)TFKO O)ATFq- 

COO"NI XF oy TTF FTF qNAAiq NAq. FTATOoyi AF 

KB. A.0)0)ni AqoyAgCA^Nl FOpOyGAHlO NOyTpOXOC 

FqOl NNIO)^ FHACyO) FOpOyGOy^ NOyHHO) NiqT 10 

ppoq NFH ANKAcy Fyeoyj. oyog AqeAMio 

nniTpoxoc KATA nipH^ FTAqoyA^CA^wi HMoq 

CAno)0)i AF MMoq Fqoi Npo Ncuqi 

HMoq Fqoi Ncwqi Npo B Fyxnp 

NXF noypo FepoyiNi NAq HTTIAPIOC PFO>PPIOC i^ 

FBoAt>FN niO)TFKO FglTq Fno^COl FXFN niMAN- 
KB. B KANODN. FTAq(j)0)N^ ^F NXF TTIAPIOC PFCOpPlOC 

oyog AqNAy Fpoq HHCHOT AniACTHpioN. 
cAncyoai HHoq Fqoi Npo Ncwqi Fpp cAbpwi 

MHOq FqOl NCHqi NpO B. FTFXAq NbpHl Nfc>HTq 20 
XF XAnGOC ^-NAC^NO^FH AN MHAl FBOAfc>FN 
TTAIMANKANON (])Al. nAAlN ON HFN[FN]CO)C 
TTFXAq NbpHl Nfc>HTq XF OyOl NAK O) PFCDpPlOC. 
\ A. FGBFOy AKXA HAlHFyi FAAHl F^pHl FXFN nFK- 
gHT. Apl ^)HFyi MTTlKANpOC FTAqTAgOK. Apl 25 

(j)HFyi xe nFRoc ^^^l AyAcyq t>FN OHM^ NCONI 

B NXF NUOy^Al. HFNFNCODC AqqAl NNFqBAA 
FnO)0)l FT^>F FqXO) MHOC XF HOC 
HApXCON NTF NIFNF (j)H FTF (|)a)q I7F 

? . B. Fat MHOq NMOT NNlHApTypOC XF NOOK HF 30 

2 



10 ^MAprypiA NTF TTIAPIOC PFcoppioc. 

noycboy NFM noyxAoM (J>HFTF ICXFN #H MFTATF 

K0AMIO NgAt MTTATF K0AMIO NT(J)F NFM TTKAl 
FKMOTFN MMOK FXFN NIMCDOy NFM -fNOy FK- 
MOTFN MMOK FXFN TTPFNOC THpq NNlptt)Ml N0OK 
FTCO)OyN NNFK MANFMTON (|)HFTAq<fo>AK NT(j)F 
M^pwf NOyKAMApA OyOg Nl^HHl fc>FN nFKOyAg- 
KA. A. CANl MHlNAy FO)AyOOT NOyMOy NgODOy. N00K 

noc FT^o)oy FXFN Ni0MHi NFM moxi ^)HFTAqo)t 
NNiTODoy fc>FN oyo)i oyo^ NifcFAAoT bFN oy- 

MAO)l ^)HFTINI NNl0HOy FBoAfc>FN ^ANAgCOp OyO 1 

NiArrpAoc FTAyppnApABFNiN AKTHiToy Fbpm 

F^)NOy[N] NTF NlTApTApOC FFpKoAA^lN MMCUOy 

FBoAgiTFN ^ AN ^P AKa)N Fygo)oy. oyo^ N0a)oy 

CFCON^ fc>FN t>ANCNAye NATBO)A FBoA NFM 
KA. B. gANMOXAoyC NATO)OyaW MMCDOy MMONOjXOM 15 
NTF gAl 0)16+ Ffc>OyN FgpFN NFKOyAgCA^Nl. 

dr|~ N00K AKoycapn AnFKMONorFNHC 

T ' r 

FniKOCMOC Fnfc>AlF NTF NICHOy Aq^l CApJ fc>FN 

MAplA +HAp0FNOC OyOg AqFppCDMl MMONO)XOM 
NKA+NpCOMlFboTbFT NTFqXlNFppO)Ml. N00q HOC 20 
IHC TTXC niMlCl FBOA Nfc>HTK l^FN OyMF0MVH. 
KF. A. (|)HFTAqMOOjl 2 12CFN n 2 M^)IOM MC^pwf ICXFK 

^)HFTO)Oyd)Oy (J)HFTAqo;ANO) NF 
FBoAt>FN F NO)IK O)ATOyCl (|)HFTAqFp 
FniTlMAN NNl0HOy t>FN <J)IOM FNXAl NIBFN CF^- 25 
NON NXO)Oy N AK +N0y AMOy HAOC t>FN TAlOyNOy 
FTFKNHOy IHC AplBOH0lN FTAMFTXCOB XF ANOK 
OypFqFpNOBt. MApOyAClAl FBOA e^pOl NXF NAIM- 

KF. B. KAyg XH nicboy CJXDK HF oyo^ FqMFg No>oy 

TTFKpAN O)A FNF^ AMHN. FqXCDK AF MHl- 30 



NTE TTIAPIOC PEcopnoc. 






11 



AMHN Ay^irq FboyN ETUTpoxoc AyboK t 

EMAU)0> CATOTq A TTFqCODMA Ep I MMFpOC. N+Oy- 

Noy AqqAi NTFqcMn Firepan NXF &A&IANOC 

FqXO) MMOC XE AplFMl NIOypODOy OyO XEMNOM^ 

XF MMON Noyf EBwA FTTiATToAAaw NEM niEpMHC s 

A. NFM TTl^FyC NFM fAGFNNAC NEM HlCKAMANApOC 
NFM ni(|)FCTOC NEM TTlEpAKAHC NFM nOCl^CDN 

npeNANEq Anir NCA NTF (J)ioM 
ETF Nioypo)oy 61 XOM EBOA giroroy AqeoaN 

fNoy c})^ NrFCDpnoc (fjHFToyMoyi' Fpoq 10 
XF THC (j)HFTAyAo)q (|)H ETA NiioyAAi 

FGBEOy MnFqi NTFqNAgMFq FBOAbEN 
AqFpKEAFyiN NXE Hl^pAKCDN NTF <j)NOyN E0pOy- 
BFDBFD NNFHKAC CABOA N+noAlC febpHl EOy- 

I m 1 I 

AAKKOC Fqo)oycboy Eqxco MMOC Nbpm NbwTq 15 

XF MHTTODC NTF NlXpHCTlANOC XlMl NNEqKAC 
NTOyKCOT NOyMApTHplON Fpoq NTOyTOyNOC 

nEqcNoq F^pw EXODN. NE (|)NAy NoycoM &F nF 

Aqo)E NAq NXF noypo FoyoDM NEM TTIKE %e 

. Noypo NEMAq. pyoyoDM AF Aqa)o>m NXF 

MMONMFN. NOyeO^ ^FN Oygof A T(f)F 

N(THni oyo^ ACOJGDTTI NXF oyNicyt N20^ 

TF NTF NITCDOy fywXl 1>EN OyFZ AFTINA NTE HKAgl 

KIM NTF (blOM OjeOpTFO Ng^lHl OyOg NTF 

i **~ r 9 

NFqxoA qoxi FTTOJCDI MIF MMA^I. AqFpcAAni^iN 25 

NXF MHXAHA fcFN niTAH gHTTTTE 1C noC IHC 
. glXFN HEqgApMA NXFpOyBlM Aqb^l EpATq 
NENC(|)OTOy MmAAKKOC HEXAq MMHXAwA 

XHArrFAoc XF MAO^E NAK EOECHT FniAAKuoc 

NNFNKAC MHAAAoy PFODpriOC. FnmF 30 



20 



12 'f-MAprypiA NTF TTIAPIOC pFo>pPioc. 

Aqco(fw NXF TTAixtopi ben neq^HT NXF 

noc ICXF NFqooNb XF I-NANC^EM AN MTTAICOTT 

FBoAt>FN TTAIMANKANON AtXAq AqpAOytb N 

KH. A. XF NTFqNAgf k>FN nFqHT Twpq oyo^ 

FMI 2CF ANOK HF (j)']" ^)H FTF OYON(l)XOMMOq ' 
FNO^FM MMAyATq. A MHXAnA O)F NAq FUFCHT 
FniAAKKOC AqCEBTF HICODMA FGOyAB NTF 

niXrioc rFCDpnoc. A nuc AMOHI NTEqxix Fq- 

XO) HHOC XF TFCDpriOC TTAMFNplT <3HnnF 1C ^XIX 
FTAC6AH10 NAAAM niO)Opn Np(DHl N80C ON 1C 

fNoy FeoyX^FM CCONT AMOK A noc wiqi pboyN 

KH. B. fcFN HFq^O AqMA^q NNODMb NKF COn. AqFpAC- 
nA^FCGF HHOq NXF HOC AqO)F MAq FnO)O)l FNl- 

(j)noyi NFM NFqArrEAoc FeoyAB. Aqrcowq t>FN 
oyuDC NXF ntXnoc rpcopnoc FBoAbFN NIFO- 15 
MCDoyr. oyo NAqMoo)i HF t>FN nmAAATi(sic) NTF 

fBAKl FqKCOT flCA NlOypOCDOy (sic). MFNFNCA 

MAI &F AqxiMi NNtoypoooy bF 
Re. A. Fy^FMCi CAboyw Fyi^An oyo^ Aqqo>xi 

Fxo)oy nFXAq No>oy XF TFTFNCcooyN HHOI AN 20 
d) NioypcDjoy. AqqAi NNFqBAA Fna)coi NXF noypo 
AA^IANOC fc>FN oyo)ini Fqxco MMOC HmXnoc XF 

N60K N1M HnAlpH'h nFXF niHApTypOC NTF 
nXC NAq XF ANOK RF PFCDpriOC <j)HFTATFNt>0)TFB 
(sic) MHOq NCAq F6BF TFTFNMFTpFq^COC^ FHA- 25 
KG. B. NOyf 4>AlFGNATAKFGHNOy HHATF OyFCKt O)O)ni. 
AF AA^IANOC FqMHN FqCOMC Ft>OyN 

n^o nniAPioc npxAq NAq XF NGOK AN 

HF AAAA TFqfc>HtBt TF KF OyAl kF HFXAq XF 

AqONt HMOq. FTAqFMl AF NXF ANAToAtOC 30 



NTF ninoc 



13 



mcrpATiAATHC nFXAq XF t>FN oyMFGMw (|>AI 
OF rpcDpnoc nFTAqTAqrooNq (sic) FBoAbEN 

NH F6 MCUOyT AqNA^ AF NXF ANAAoAlOC(sic) 
|A. A. NFM NATFqTAZIC THpC. ACO)O)ni &F NXF THm 

NA^'t FHXC CFlpl NP NO)0 NFM NFM 5 

FBoAfc>FN niMwo). oyo^ AqoyAgCA^Ni 
NXF noypo AAAIANOC FepoygtToy rnpoy CA- 
eoA N'fBAKt bFN oyMA NtyAqF AyAiroy N^ 

MMFpOC AytfOTtfFT MMCOOy. nAlpH'f AyXODK NTOy- 

MAprypiA Ncoy IF M^AMFNCDG t>FN oyFgooy 10 

NCABBATON tFN AXHO MTTtF^OOy OyOg AyO)F 

A. B. N0)oy fc>FN oyd)oy FnmApAAicoc Fy(n gMor 
F^pni FXFN NipFqFpNOBi. AqoyAecAgNi NXF noy- 
po FepoyiNi nniXrioc rFODpnoc FXFN 
oyog Aqxoc FepoyiNi Noy^Aox MBFNini 
NCFCDN2 MOiGMHi Fpoq oyo^ AqepoycA^I" 

OyTAT^ 0)AT FqBCDA FBOA OyO NCFINI 
MOKl MHCMOT NOyXONl MBFNini NCF^tTq Ft>pHl 

AA. A. Fpo>q oyo^ Aqepoyeoyz N J wqr FTFqX^)F 
FfcoyN Fni^Aox AqepoyiNi NoyNio)^ NODNI Fq- 20 
(})ONK KATA TFqX<]>F oyo^ Ay^i TFqX(|)t F^PHI 

Fpoq FTAXpOC NTATq NCFCKFpKFp MMOq NFM 

nid)Ni oyo^ NroyBcoA FBoA NNITA^O FpAroy 

NTF NFqKAC. FTAqXMONl AF NTOTq t>FN TAl- 
BA^ANOC t>FN OyMFTXODpl OyOg A(|OyAeCA^Nl 25 

; B. FepoyiNi AnicbNt FBoA e^poq FAcyq Fno)0)i 
NCAXCDq oyog NToyMoyp NoyNicyi- NCONI 

NFM F<fFpF OyNlO)'! NXpFMTC Fno^CDl 
MFNFNCA NAl AF AqOyAgCA^Nl FlTq 
FOyMACl N^OMT NFM FTODTC N^ANiqT Fyo^HOy 30 



14 ^MApTypiA NTF mArioc rFGDpnoc. 

i?boyN Fpoq. AqFpKFApyiN NXF TTIANOMOC Noypo 

AB. A. Fepoyiw NoyMANKANaw HHIHACI NToyKor|- 

FboyN INA NToyfc>OMfc>FM MTFCCDMA AniAnoc 

NXF Nuqr oyog NTF NFqMFAoc pp H^pwt noy- 

0^0)10) NTF Oy^NCDOy t>FN HlO^CDM. AqAMONl 
NTOTq ON fc>FN OyHFTXCOpt AqOyACANl AF 
ON FOpOy^lTq FniO)TFKO NFM FTOCq FHO)F 0)A 

xe qNAFpoy NAq IF XF qNATAKoq 

NF OyCAlF TTF FMAO)O) fc>EN TFqXlN- 

AB. B. NAy A noc oyoN^q ppoq fc>FN niFxcopg FTFMMAy 10 

FqXO) MMOC XF AHODNl NTOTK riACOTTT PFCOpPlOC 
OyO^ XFMNOH*t HnFpBO)A FBOA XF ANOK ^XH 
NFMAK OyON OyNlU^ NpAO^l O)0n NAK fcFN T(|)F 

Fgpwi FXFN nFKArcoN. mmF tc oycon AKMoy 

HHOq AlTOyNOCK FTl XNAHOy NKF COHB 15 

Ar. A, oyo^ ^NAToyNOCK ON t>FN niMA^S ^P ficon 

ANOK F6NAI MMIN HHOl t>FN 
fnApAGHKH FTAIXAAOC FnFKCODMA 
ANOK FGNA+XOH HnFKCCDMA FGOyAB NTA- 
epFKHTON MHOK NFH ABpAAH NFM ICAAK NFM 20 
IAKCDB MTTppFpO)AA N^HT ANOK fXH N^MAK 
FCFOJOmi TAp NXF TFKMApTHplA MTTFM60 MTTAl 
O NOypO NAl FKFpMEepF MnoyMGO F6BHT XNAFp 
^ NpOMm FyFpBA^ANl^lN MMOK FgpHl ^IXFN 
Af. B. ITApAN XFMNOM^ MnFpFpO)AA^ N^HT fcFN HXIN- 25 

epFqTAiFMoy^- Fpoq NXF noc AqcyF NAq Fno)tt)i 

FNl(j)HOyi NFM NFqAPPFAoC FOOyAB FpF TTlXCDpl 

MMAprypoc NTF ITXC COMC Fpoq oyog Nooq 

AF NAqMHN FBoAfc>FN HIC^pODlC (yATF HlOyODlNl 

o)Ai FBoA FqoyNoq Anoq t>FN niEpoyor FTA- so 



NTF mXrtoc recopnoc 



15 



TTOC THiq NAq. FTAO)0)pn &F U)Omi 

NXF noypo FepoyiNi MTTIAPIOC ppcoppioc FXFN 

m O NOypO FTTFqpAN TTF MAPJVfJFNTtOC XF PFO>p- 
TIOC 'HpFTlN NOyMHlW NTOTK. FO^COH AKO)A- 5 
NAiq MTTAM00 tt)F TTFNNHB TTlpH NFM HlO NNOyt 
NFM OMAy NHlNOyf- ^ApTHMlC XF N90C F0- 
NO^FM MHIKOCMOC THpq XF ^NANAg^ gO) 
FNFKNOyf- NTAO^FMCyi MMODOy NKAAoOC. HFXF 

niXrioc ppoappioc NAq XF AXF HFUFTHMA NHI. 10 

nFXF MAKMFNTIOC HOypO NAq XF gHnnF 1C O 
NGpONOC CFXH FbpHl ^)OyAl (])OyAl NNiepONOC 
OyO gAN(|)ATCl NbHTOy MMHNl NIBFN 
|AP. A. MHN NTF ^ANO^C^HN NpFq^OyTAg NFM 

NAToyTA^. F(^a>n oyN NToyoycong FBoA NToycy- is 

FHNOyNl NXF Nl<])ATCl NTF ntO^t^HN NTF HlOyAl 

moyAi NbwToy (|)ipi FBOA^ITFN NFKTO)B oyog 
NTF Ni(])Aici(sic) NpFq^oyTAg <])opi FBoA oyog 

NTF NlATOyTA^ NXCOBl ^)0pl FBoA bFN <j)Al 

FTTFKNOyh A niAPlOC PFCDpPlOC ^ITCI 20 
FFq^O AqTCOBg M^ NOyNlO)^ NNAy 

AF. B. qtA^OM. FTAqxcaK ^e FBoA N^npocpyXH 
MHIAMHN Aca^com AF oyNta) r |- 

C9FpTFp bFN TTFqXlNTCDNq oyTTNA PAp NTF 
TTOC Aqi FXFN Nl0pONOC Ay^OyO) FBOA AytfFTT- 25 
NOyNl NKF Nl(|)ATCl Ay(j)lpl FBOA OyOg NHFTOl 

Nppq'hoyTA^ Ayf- oyTA^ NH FTOI NATOYTA^ 

fe. A. AY^l ^<WBl FBOA. TOTF fTFXF MAPMFNTIOC HOypO 

NAq XF oyNicy't NNoyf- np mppAKAwc XF NFM 

NIKFO)F FTCyoyCDOy AqoyODN^ NTFqXOM FBOA 30 



16 ^MApTypiX NTF mArioc recopnoc. 

Nbvrroy MTTAipn-h AqFpoyo) NXF mArioc reo)p- 
noc Fqxo) MMOC XF (j)^ (j)HFTAqGAMio NT(|)F 

NFM TTKAgl <j)HFTAqGpF NHFTO)OTT AN 0)0)171 AK- 
TFNGOJNq FTUFpAKAHC TTlkO)AoN NKOyp HBFAAF 
7(?. B. (|)HFTFKNATAKO NFHAq NXoAFN. AqFpOyd) NKF 5 
noypo 2^AAIANOC TTFXAq HntAPlOC TFCDpriOC 

mcorn NTF NirAAiApoc ^co)oyN XF 

KOK NAO) Npn^. TOTF AqOyA^CAgNt 
NOyNloH- HBAC^Oyp AyBlCl HMOq t>FN 

AqAiq NB oyog nAipw^ Aq-f HnmHA. Aqepoyini 10 
Noyni^'l- N]\FBHC NCFgioyt N-^TOI B-f NTF ncco- 

HA MntAPlOC FbpHl FMAy NFM OyTATg NFM 
A^. A. OyAAMXATTT NFM OyCOT NTFBNH NFM OyMBpFl 
AyCAg'V 6 A Pq FMAO)tt) g^CTF NTF NFqBFp- 
BFp NFM NFqO^A^ (TlCl FOl^Oyb. g^CTF NTF 15 
NHFTCA^t 4)0)T FHAtCA NFM (|)Al ITFN Hl^OyO 
NTF niO)Ag e^CTF NTFqtflCl MtF MMA^l AyiNl 
NNlNFbxi NTF NlAFBHC MHOypO FyXO) MMOC X'F 

A^. B. Aqoycb AqMoyNK NXF niBFpo)0 FTFMMAY Aqoy- 
A^CA^NI NXF noypo FepoyoAc NCFGOMC bFN 20 

TTlKA^t NFM HIKFAFBHC NFM TTIMFAOC NTF HIA- 
TIOC FTF Nfc>HTC XF glNA NNF NlXpHCTtANOC XlMl 
NOyMFAoC NTAq NTOyTOyNOC OyMApTHplON 
NAq. FTAyKHN AF FGOMC MHIGMHI NXF WyT7F- 
pFTHC AyFpANAXCJOplN N0)0y AqO)0)m NXF 25 
OyNlO)+ NO)00pTFp fc>FN HlAHp A HKA^l KIM 

AH. A. o)A NFqcFN'i' 2 HnTT P l c noc THC nxc Aqi 

FI7FCHT FBoAbFN T(|)F NFM NFqAPPFAoC FGOyAB 
FpATq FXFN HIMA FTFpF HlAFBHC 00MC 

oyo^ nFXAq N^AAAGtnA niArrFAoc XF so 



NTF niXrioc rpcupnoc. 



17 



ANioyi AnAiAFBHC Fnt^cm FTAqiw AF MnAi- 
AFBHC Fno^un Aq<])ON FBoA #IXFN nKAgi. AqF- 
B. poyd) NXF noc NTF NIXOM Fgpw Fxcoq XF 
pFouppioc nAcomr TCDNK F#pm ANOK np cj)n 

FTAqTOyNOC AA^ApOC FBoAbFN NH F9MO)OyT 5 
nAlpH'J' ON 'J'NOy ANOK TOyAgCA^Nl NAK 
XF TCDNK OyO^ AMOy FnU)0)l FBoAfc>FN mAFBHC 

ogi FPATK gixFN NFKd'AAAyx XNOK nF noc 

nFKNOy'f. AqTODNq bFN 'foyNOy FTFMMAy 
NXF niXCJDpl XAH90C fc>FN OyNlO)^ NXOM FCXOp 10 

).A. Hc^pwt NoyAi FTF Mnpq(Ti gAi NMKA^ FnTHpq. 
oyoN NIBFN FTAyNAy AyFpo)())Hpi. npxF noc 

NAq XF 6pO MMOK OyOg XFMXOM TFCDpriOC 
nAMFNplT XF OyON OyNlO)^ NpAO)l O)O)ni NAK 
fc>FN Nl(j)HOyi NFM ^IXFN niKAl NFM MnFM0O 15 
MHAIODT NAPA90C NFM MnFM90 NNAAPPPAOC 
F^pHl FXFN nFKAPCDN (^COm FK XFMNOM'f- XF 
ANOK *tXH NFMAK. Oyog AqU)F NAq Fnc^O)l FNl- 
f. B. ())HOyi NFM NFqAPPFAoC F9 OyAB. N90q AF Aq- 

TcoNq AqMoo)i oyog Aqoycopn & noypo NXF 20 
niAPioc PFcappioc Fqxco MMOC XF gHTinp 4" CNHINI 
MMOI fc>FN 'J-noAic oyo^ ^CBCD. t>FN foyNoy 

FTFM[MAy] AqoyA^CA^Nl NXF noypO FAMONl 
MMoq F9poyFNq gApoq FXFN niBHMA. FqNHoy 
AF NAqCDO) FBOA XF niBHMA niBHMA All ApOK 25 
A. N90K NFM nFKATTOAAON ANOK ^0) NFM 
IHC nXC ncynpl Mfy-\- FTCONb. ^MTinF 1C 
FnFCpAN nF XOAAACTIKH ACODO) FBOA FCXO) 

MMOC oyBF niAPioc PFooppioc niMApTypoc NTF 
nxc XF nAoc PFcoppioc A nAo^wpi NCD^FB Anpq- so 



18 ^MApTyptA NTF HlXriOC rFU)pPlOC. 



MACI fc>FN TKOt Aq^Fi NXF niMACi oyog AqMoy 

AplBOHOlN FTAMFTXCJDB 't'FMl T7AOC XF OyONU)XOM 
H. B. MCjrl" FBOA^ITOTK. TTFXF TTIAriOC NAC XF (ft 
HTTAIU)BO)T FBOAfc>FN NAXIX MAC^F NB FTKOl X(D 
HTTAIU)BODT FXFN (|)MOyT MniMACl FpFXO) HMOC 
XF NAl NF NH FTFqXO) MMO)Oy NXF TFCDpriOC 2CF 
t>FN (J)pAN N1HC nXC TCONK 0l FpATK. flGOC 2^F 
AClpl KATA (JjpHf FTAqXOC NAC OyOg AqTCJDNq 

niMACi fc>FN ^oyNoy FTFMMAy Acfcboy 

NXF ^CglHl FCXO) MHOC XF CMApO)OyT 

loynoy FTAKI FTAi noAic HMOC XAweoc 

N90K OynpO(])HTHC OyOg A 4>*t XFHno^lNl MRFq- 

AAOC. nAAiN Aqoyo>pn NXF AAAIANOC NCA m- 
MAprypoc. FTAqi AF HFXF noypo rpAKiXAi 

NFMAq XF PFCDpriOC N1U)F FTO)Oyd)Oy FTAy(|)lpl 15 
FBOA TFNFHl AN AKplBODC 2CF HFRNOyi" TTF FTAq 

RA. B. 0poyc|)ipi FBoA XF NFNNoyt NE AAAA ^HHHF 

1C OyMgAy FqXH bATOTFN t>FN fnFTpA FOy- 
MO)IT HF NpFqXA pF[q]MO)OyT HMON \\ NpODMl 

FHI FnpqMODiT oyAF npqpo Fo)on oyN FBoA- 20 

glTFN NFKTCDB^ NTOyTODOyNOy WXF NIKAC NTF 
NH F9MO)OyT (^F TTANHB mpH NFM nilOg NFH 

MB. A. -f ApTFMIC GMAy NNlNOy^ FIFNA^ gO) FTTFK- 
NOyf" NTACyCDHl NXpHCTlANOC AqFpOyd) NXF 
niMAKAplOC TFCOpriOC FqXO) HMOC XF CFNTOT 25 
NXF "fCMH FTAIC09HFC bpN HlFyArrFAtON FT- 
XO) HMOC XF F0)0)n OyON TFTFNNA^ HHAy 
HnCHOTNOyNA(J)pl NO)FATAH NTFTFN XOC HTTAl- 
TCOOy XF Oyd)TFB FBOA TAl OyO NNF^Al FpAT- 

HB.B. XOM NTFNGHNOy TCDNK NOOK NFM HOypO AAAl- 30 






NTF mXnoc rpcDprioc. ID 

NFM NlKFOypODOy NTF XHMl MAO)FNO)TFN 

XoycoN M<J>po AniMgAy oyog oqi NNIKAC NTF 
NipFqMODoyT FTAyAoqApq FBoA NFM NIOJCDIO) 

NTF NHFTAyMOy XNlTOy NW MNAl. OyO AyU)FN- 

cooy cATOToy NXF mf Noypo F^MCDIT MTTIM- 5 
S .A. Ay AyoyoDN Mmpo NTF mA^Ay AnoyxFM 
gAi NKAC NTF NipFqMCDoyT NbwTq Aycbqi 

NNiGMlC FBoAbFN NIKAC FTAyXFMOy AyiNl 

MMoaoy MmXnoc rFcoprioc. TOTF niXrioc TF- 
(oprioc Aqgioyi MMoq ^IXFN NFqupAi AqTO)B 10 
iyA ^>NAy NoyoyNoy bFN nxtNepFqxcDK MniX- 
MHN FBoA Aqo^omi NXF oyNio^T N(^eopTFp 

NFM ANCFTFBpHX j^XpCDM OyO^ AyFpOyCJDlNl 
Mr. B. FNtKAC FTFMMAy Oyog CATOTOy Ayt FBOA 

NbHTOy NXF F NpOUMl NFM 9 NC^tMl NFM f 15 

NKoyxi NXAoy. Nioypoooy &F FTAyNAy FC()H- 
FTAqo)0)m AyFp(^^"P l AomoN X Nioypcuoy 

FOyAl bFN NH FTAyTO)OyNOy F 

npxcDoy NAq XF NIM np 

(j)HFTAqTO)Nq FBoAbFN NHF9- 20 
MA.A.MCDOyT FqXO) MMOC XF ICOyBHN HF HApAN. HFXF 

noypo NAq XF ic oyvip NpOMm ICXFN FTAKMOY. 
XF ic goyo c NpOMm. npxp noypo NAq XF 
bFN niCHoy FTFMMAY NF Aqi NXF nxu Fm- 

(KOCMOC O)AN M^H. nFXF (j)HFTAqTO)Nq FBoAbFN 25 
NHFGMODOyT NAq XF ftp I M^)MFyi AN Oy^F 
MntccoTFM goAcoc XF Aqi. npxF AAAtXnoc NAq 

MA.B. XF NAKNAg'f FNIM NNOyf nFXF (j)HFTAqTO)Nq 

I NAq XF AnFpFp z\i NXNAPKH Fpoi d) noypo 
'fcytni oyN FXOC XF AtHAet FNIM NNoyl" NAI- 30 



20 'f MApTypiX NTF niArioc PFcupnoc. 



F FOyAt FyMOyf ^P OC | XF TTIATTOAA(JDN 

oycox NKoyp HBO MBpAAF FTAIXCD oyN NCOM 

N'txiNCDNb FT0)Oy NTF 17AIBIOC A1U)O)TTI FlO)Nfc> 
fc>FN MIMOD1T FTTH fc>FN TTUApO NXpCDH O)A 

H?.A. t to)FNHi Fbpwi Fpoq AqHHAy NXF niqiNT NA- 

TFNKOT gApA N00K MnFKCCOTFH FNlPpA(j)H WTF 
NlXpHCTlANOC FC(|)lpl FBOA AK'V M(j)MF\l NHl 
MniF^OOy FTTH FTOl Ngoi" HIMCWIT FTF MMON 
BOH01A MMAy A^i\A OyTO)HT HF NFM Oygof 
HMON g^ 1 ^ N ^l fl^HTq OyAF HHAycyGFT 10 

nn^HT Mnippq^An A^A n^caB nnioyAi 
nioyAi FTAqAiq XH AnFMeo NNFqBAA FBOA. 

FlF. B. TOTF O)AqFpOyd) NXF HlXANA NTFqXOC 2CF 

MATAMOI Fn^a)B HnioyAi moyAi MMODTFN 

^INA NTA^ NAq MHFqBFXF KATA NH FTAq- 15 
AITOY CODTFM OyN NTA^)lpl fc>ATOTK ti) 
XF pO)Hl NIBFN FeNAO^ami g^FN TTlKA^l 
NTFqoyO)N^ FBOA H(j)HFTAyFpCTAypO)NlN MHOq 
FTF nXC TTF KAN FO^CDH FOyON OyMHO) 
Hj.A.NNOBl (Jl FnFqCODMA OyO^ NTFqOTFB FBoAt>FN 20 

nAiKOCHoc FT^cooy a^Aqa^ami bFN ^ANCNAyg 

F0BF NFqNOBl AAAA ^FN ^KyplAKH CF'f' MTON 

MAq XF oyni FpF noc THC COMC Fbpni FNIKO- 
AACIC HnF^ooy fjf KypiAKH ANOK AF oy^F FN 

RF^OOy N^KyplAKH HHAyf MTON NAN FTJTHpq 25 

Fni ^F Hmoya)N NTFqHFToc FBoA Fia^on 

FU.B. IXFN niKA^l na)C TAp FNNAOyODN^ FBOA FNFp- 
CFBHC0F N^ANIACDAON NFM gANOOytOT MOAyKlM 

Fpa)oy FnTHpq. AqFpoyd) NAq NXF noypo nF- 

XF A HFK^HT X0> FBOA^ITFN TTAOJAI AniX- 30 



NTF nunoc PFO)pnoc. 



21 



10 



pONOC NTF nAtC NpOMFU. AqCOMC &F NXF <|)H 
FTAqTODNq FBOAbFN NHFGMOJOyT FHlMApTypOC 

NTF nxc niArioc rpcoprioc nFXAq NAq XF 
;^.A.nAoc niMApTypoc NTF nxc TFN'tgo tpon MOI 

NAN MniOUMC FGOyAB NTF nXC XF NNOy^lTTFN 
FNIKOAACIC FTFNNfc>HTOy NKFCOn. FTAqNAy 

NXF niXrioc rFcopnoc Fnoyi 

<j)AT tFN niKAgi Aqqcoxi Fno^on NXF oyMCDoy 

iq^CJDMC NO)Oy bFN (j)pAN M(j)lO)T NFM 
NFM mfTNA FGOyAB nFXAq NODOy XF 
. B. MAtt)F NODTFN bFN OyglpHNH FnmApA^lCOC OyOg 

CATOToy Aypp AGoyo)N FBoA. AnoyNAy Fpoooy 
XF Aqojoom NXF noypo Fqo)NO) FBoA NAyNoy- 
Noy AyFpoyd) NAq NXF Ntoypa>oy FGNFMAq 
npxcooy XF nAipcoMi oypFqFpgw nF XF FBoA- is 

ITFN NFqMAPlA AqTA^O NeANAFMCON FpATOy 

MnFNMGO FBOA AqXOC XF AlTOyNOC ANpFq- 

MH. A. MCDOyT ANOK gO) 'f'NOy 'I'NA^OOCy MnAlPFNNOC 

Twpq XF XPHCTIANOC AqFpKpApyiN XE co)Tn 

NHt NOyXHpA NHKl GH FTF MMON gAl NgHKl 20 
MnFCpwt t>FN niKOCMOC OyO 

BAlC AyXIMl NAq N'fXWpA NHKl 
FhoyN NFMAC gcoc Fqoycoo) 

TtANOC. FTAyFN niGMHl F^OyN CTHl 

RH.B. nFXAq NAC XF MOI wm Noyoom XF oywi ^(OKFp 25 

ACFpOyO) NXF 'fcglMl NAq NXHpA N^HKl XF 
MMON (JDIK fc>FN nAHl ANOK nAOC. nFXF niAPlOC 
TFCDpriOC NAC XF XpFNA^ FNIM NNOyt *% 
MMON gAl NOJIK t>FN nFHl. nFXF "["CeiMl NAq 

XF FiNAg^ FnunoAAoDN NFM niFpAKAnc NiNtc^l" 30 



MHIGMHI 

NNiXpwc- 



22 i>iApTyptA NTF TTiAPtoc pFooppioc. 



NTF Nioypcuoy. TFFXF mnoc recopnoc 
MAC XF AAweoc oygAn MMW NTF 4>1" ^F <|>AI 

M0.A.XF MMON gAl NO)IK fc>FN TTPH1. FTACCOMC 

t>FN npq^o NXF ^cgY^^C 8 ^ ) ACNAY 
HHCMOT NoYArrpAoc NTF noc HFXAC 

fjbHTC NXF 'i'CglMl XF 'tNAj^F NHl 
NTAKO) r l~ NCA O)IK NTOTOY NNA6lCF 
eFC^FY 6 1 NA NTAXO) t>ApOq HnAlpCOMl NTF 
nANTOC fc>FN HFqXlMt F^OYN FlTAm NTAX1MI 
M0. B. NOY8 M OT MnFMGO FBOA NNA0FO)FY ACO)0)m 1 
t>FN nxlNOpFC^CoA FBOA NXF ^C 

ni9MHl ^F NAqeFMCl fc>ApATC 
NTF OYCTYAAOC NO)F Ft>OYN t>FN HFCHl CATOTq 

OYN Aqu)FrwoYNi NXF nicTYAAoc OYO^ Aqgi XAA 
FBoA Aqo^ooni NXF [oY]wi^ r t' NO)O)HN OYO^ AqFp- is 

CAnO)0)l MHIHI M IF MMAgl FTTU)O)l ^HHUF 1C 

R A. MHXAHA niApXHArrFAoc Aqi c^Apoq NFH C>Y- 

HF^ FBOAt>FN APAGON WBFN AqOY<l>M 
AqXFMNOMf NXF TTlAriOC Q\0& NApF 

MFg NO)1K NFM APA60N NIBFN FTACl 20 
N2CF ^CglHl WXHpA NgMKl p^OYN FTTFCHl 
ACNAY FgANNlO)'!- NUJCJWp 1 OYTpAHF^A FCXH 
FbpHl FCMF^ NAPA60N t4lBFM NFM HlCTlAAoC (sic) 
R B. FTAq(yFTTNOYNl t>FN OYO)F Fqo^OY&OY HFXAC 

t>FN HFC^HT 2CG A fy*^ NNlXpHCTlANOC Fp^MEyi 25 
NTAMFTHKt J^A ^XHpA AqiNl HnFqMApTYpOC 
FboyN FHAHl bA fTAAFnCDpOC H\J/YXH 0)A- 
TFqFpBOHGlN FpOl OyO^ CATOTC ACgVTC F^pHl 
fc>A NFN6AAAYX MniAPiOC ACOya)O)T HMOq. 
HA. A. AqFpOyd) NAC KXF OIAPIOC PFO)pPlOC FqXO) HMOC 30 



NTF niXnoc rpcopnoc. 



XF TO)OyNt 0l FpAT FXFN NFfoAAyX XNOK 
PAp XNOK AN TTF (j)^ NWXpHCTlXNOC AAAA XNOK 
BO)K NTAq FlO)Fnt>lCl FgpHl FXPN TTFqpAN F00y- 
AB. TTAAlN fTFXF tClMl NAq XF TTAOC ICXF Al- 
X1MI NOygMOT MTTFKM00 MHIC NHl FOplFpToA- 5 
HAN NTAXCO NOyCAXl MTTFKM00 FBoA. TTFXF 

niXnoc NAC XF CAXI. TTFXF tcgini NAq XF TTAOC 
oyoN NTHI MHAy NoyXAoy Fqxn fc>FN e Npon- 
ni oyog ()>AI oyBFAAp TTF NKoyp NFBO N^AAF 

^O^mi NTAHOq NNAGFC^Fy FO)On OyN NTFK- 10 
0pFqNAy HBOA NTFqCCOTFM Oyo^ NTFqCAXl 

'I'NAg'i" PCD FnFKNoyi". AqFpoycb NXF nienni 

W W I i II 1 

Fqxo) HMOC XF XNioyi nniXAoy NHI HNAI. TOTF 
ACINI AniXAoy NAq FBoAbFN ^MA^ ft Noy- 

AMl NTE HFCHl OyO^ ACO)TOq fc>FN KFNq MH10- 15 
MHl. mXrtOC AF PFO)priOC NAqMHN FBOA 

FXGUq NApF XOjq XOBC FHFCHT TTF 

niXAoy fc>FN KFNq AqNiqi FhoyN 

FBoAbFN NFqBAA NXF g^NKFKC CATOTq 

AqNAy HBoA. HFXF fc^ini NAq XF TTAOC ttco 20 

FpOK F0pFqCAXl OyO^ NTFqCODTFM t>FN 
MAOJX NTFqTODNq NTFqMOO^l FXFN 

niXpioc PFo>p[pioc] NAC XF 
HMoq twoy XF FFpxpiX HHoq F0ppq- 

0)FMO)l HMO I NOy^CJDB AlO^ANHOyt Fpoq FTFq- 25 
CCOTFM FHAbpODOy OyOg NTFqMOO)l NTFq Fp 
AlXKONIN NHl MniCAXl. OyO HnFCOJXFHXOM 
HH. A. NXF fcglMl NFpOyd) NAq NOyCAXl NACNAy PAp 
FTTFqgO H^pwt MHgO NOyAPPFAoC NTF (J)t- 
TOTF niXNOHOC NXCFBHC NOypO &A&lXNOC NFH 30 



N7. B. 



24 iMAprypiA NTF ntXnoc rFCopnoc. 

NIKFZ9 NOypO FGNFMAq FTAyi FBoAbFN THA- 
plCTON AyU)a)TTt FyCNWW HMODOy t>FN NtTlAATlA 
NTF ^BAKl. FTAqCOMC AF NXF mApAKCDN NTF 



FTAqpODT FBo^^OTq MHIXF N0HHI 
B. FNApXOC NTAq XF HAlXlNNAy HBFpl OyKFNTF 
HF TTAUya)HN AqTAMOq FqXO) HMOC XF <J)Al HF 

FNAqgcooyi Fboyn Fpoq NXF mXrioc 
NTF NtrAAiAFoc rFcoprtoc. weoq AF 
noypo AqoyA2CANi pepoyFNq ficFTAeoq FpArq 10 
MnFqneo N&FMOCIA AqepoyNFypi^iw nnoq 

t>FN OyHFTAGNAl O)ATF NFqCApJ AoqAFq FBOA 
FTA. A. Oyog NTF NFqC(J)tptt)Oy ACOBO) IT N HAO)Al 

Hnixpo)M NToygioyi NoyBACic NXpam giXFN 

TFqA(])F. MFNFNCCDC Aq6pOyAO)q ON NCF0)Kt 15 
MMOq OyOg NCFMFg NgAN(|)yAAH HBFNini Fy- 

NXpcoH NCFgiToy t>A NFqc^ipcooyi O^A 
AninHA oyog AqFpKFApytN NXB noypo 

F0pOy<Jl HRFqCODMA NCFBFpBCDp FBOA IXFN 

HA. B. oyrcooy Fq(^oci NAqxa> oyw MMOC np NXF 20 
m&pAKa)N*fc>FN nFq^HT XF CFNAI NXF 

NTF T^)F NCFOyCDH NNFqCApJ. FTAyd)Al 
MHICCDMA NTF MAKAplOC FBOA ^l^FN HAlTCOOy 

^HFToyMoyt Fpoq XF cipic AyB^pBa>pq FBoA 

MTTIMA FTFMMAy OyO^ AyTACOCDOy NXH Ml- 25 

gyRFpFTHC. FTAyoyFi AF HBoA Mnira)oy woy- 

OT. A. KOyXl NXF NieynFpFTHC NTF HIAIABOAOC NAy 
A NCTAAION AqO)0)m NXF Oyt>ApABAl t>FN T(|)F 
NFM gANCFTFBpHX 0>C TF NTP TTlTODOy THpq 
FTFMMAY CGFpTFp ewn^F 1C HOC Aqt FqTAAH- 30 






NTF mXnoc rFcopnoc. 



25 



oyr FXEN oyoHiri oyo# TTFXAq Mnunoc rFo>p- 
noc XE TTACCDTTT FG NANFq TODNK EBoAbFN HIFN- 
KOT oyo CATorq AqroNq NXF 
'. B. NTE nxc Aqtfoxi cA(j)A[eoy] NCA 

Fqo)o) FBoA oyBHoy Fqxo MMOC XF ogi NHI 5 

NOyKOyXl 0)A +1 NFMODTFN. FTAyCOMC 2kF 
MMG)Oy NXF NieyOFpFTHC 

rFODpnoc Fq^oxi ^i4>Agoy 
Ayfcboy M(]>t AyeiToy Fbpwi bApAToy N 

Fpoq FyXO) MMOC 2CF MOl NAN 10 
(sic) NTF nxU. TTlNAlATq OyN 
r.A. NGMHl niAriOC PFO)priOC Aq'f'GDMC N0)0y fcFN 
4>pAN MCJ)pAN(sic) M(j)lO)T NFM ncywpt NFM HlTTNA 

EG oyAB oyo^ Ayi Ayo^i FpAToy MFIFMGO 
Anoypo NANOMOC Ayo)cy EBoA THpoy XF ANON 15 

gANXpHCTlANOC MTTAppHClA. TOTE NIOypCDOy 

AyTCDMT fc>FN OyNlO)^ M<|)OBOC FGBF HAl <3(OB 

AqFpKEAFyiN ElNl NNl^yHEpETHC NCETAgO)Oy 

f. B. EpATOy NA^pAq. (|)pAN NOyAl MMO)Oy HE KAAy- 

AANH AqGpoyicyi MMoq oyo^ NCF^ NAq N^AN- 20 
MMODpiA niKEoyAi ^F FyMoyt ppoq XF AAcipi 

NFM AACIplANH INA NTOyTHlTOy ETOTC 
NTCHqi. KAHKODN AyTWq FTOTq MHlGHplON. 

MFNENCA NAI oyN AyppKEAEyiN NXE Nioypcooy 
FGpoyiNi MmXrioc rFODprioc AqEpoyo) NXF 25 
noypo AAAIANOC nFXAq NAq XF rpcopnoc o)F 

A. HAOC nipH NFM miO NFM NlNOy'f NFM TOy- 
MAy ^ApTHMtC XF 'f^ACO FpOK M(j)pwi NOy- 
(^Hpl MMFNplT NTHl OyO^ g(OB NIBFN ETFK- 
NAFpETlN MM(DOy NTOT ^NATHlTOy NAK NMOT 30 



26 ^MAprypiA NTF mXrioc reoDpnoc 



MONON CODTFM NC(M 0)C UDT 

INA NTFKl NTFKOya)0)T NMNOy^ MMAyATq. 

AqFpoyd) NXF mXnoc recopnoc nFXAq NAq 

. B. XF 4~0l NO)(|)Hpl ENFKCAXl BT XO) MHOC XF f NOy 
NA1XH NTOTFN O)A (|)00y FOBFOy HnPKXF NAl 
NHl 2 Hnn ^ lc 2, NpOMni NFgOOy AyCtNl FKFp- 
BACAW^IN MMOl AKfc>CDTFB HMOl P f NCOIT 

AtMoy AqroyNocT H ni r wcon NXF ITAOC 

KFHFp MniCO)TFM FNAl CA[xi] l ) NTOTK 

F'f'Noy Kcoaoyw AN d) noypo XF nAi TFNOC K 

RH.A. NTF WXpHCTlANOC 2AN(|)lAONlKOC NF 
N FgpFN NH FT^ FboyN FgpAy. 

't'FpoyoT NHI NTF TFKMFTNI^ 



FTFKMFl HMOq. FTAqCCOTFM OyN FNAl NXF it 

noypo AA&IANOC AqpAa)i FMAO^O) AqAHONi 
NTA<J>F MmXrioc rpa)pnoc XF AqNA^^i Fpoc. 
Aq^ rorq MHoq NXF menm eqxco MMOC XF 
mT. B. M(j)0)p d) noypo oyuAgc AN TF NTF NirAAi- 
AFOC FOJCDTT Ayo)TFMoya)(^T NNiNoyf Na^opn 20 
AAAA oyagcAg -fNoy Fepoygioyi HMOI F 
TFKO O)A npqpAC'l". AqFpoyd) NXF noypo 

NAq XF NNFCO)0>m NHl ICXFN 'f'NOy NTATHIK F 
CAt NMMOplA AAAA blCl NIBEN FTAiTHlTOy 
NO. A NAK XAy NHl FBOA gODC AlAlTOy NAK fc>FN Oy- 25 
MFTATFMl MC^pwl- NOyiO)T (^OnT FpOK. AMOy 
XF f NOy NTAtflTK CA^OyN FnmAAAATION FT 



Ms. FNAlCANAl NTOTK. The Arabic version has 






NTF mXrioc ppcuppioc. 27 

CA boyN niMOHT FTFpF foypO) XAFAN*pA 
XH MMOq t>FN TTECKOITCDN FCMOTFN MMOC. FTA- 

qd)Ai AF MMoq FboyN NXF noypo Aqeioyi 

MMOq F^OyN NFM foypOD XAFJANApA AqMAO)- 
. B. 9AM MTTlpO FpCJDOy M17B Aqo^F NAq NXF noypo 5 

NFpoygt PAp TTF. TOTF mXrioc PFtoppioc AqxcoAx 

NNFqKFAl OyOg AqFpgHTC NTODB^ M(j)-f- FqXO) 
MMOC XF (()+ HANOyf MMON HFTONt MMOK 
tFN NlNOyf ^eOK HF (j)f FT Ipl NNtO)(()Hpl. 

F9BFoy ANF9Noc ayo)o) FBoA oyog ^ANAAOC 10 

A. FyMA NXF NIOypCDOy THpOy NTF nKAgl NFM 

Noy KF ApxcoN Fycon AycAxi NCA noc NFM 
npqxpc. ACFpoycb NXF XAF^AN^pA i~oypa) 

FCXO) MMOC MniXriOC XF 17AOC PFCDpriOC ^CO)- 15 
TFM FpOK NKAAODC OyOg ^FpFH^yMyN (sic) 
FNFKCAXl NIM ^F NF NH FT 0)U) FBoA IF NIM 
NF NH FTAyFpMFAFTAN IF NIM 1TF HXC MAT- 

B. CABOI Fpoq NTAcoycoNq. AqFpoyd) NXF 
niXpioc PF(oppioc Fqxo) MMOC XF ICXF XpF- 20 

TFpFpFTIN FFMl FFTXC NFM NFqCAXl CCDTFM 
0) XAFAN&pA. ^OTF FTAHOC 9AMIO NT^)F NFM 
TTKA21 OyO^ Aq^l NOyOMl FBOAt>FN HKA^l Aq- 
9AMIO MHtpCDMl FqONl MMOq KATA HFqiNl 

NFM TFqeyKcoN ncoc Aqipi NoyKAgi NCApz 25 

TTAAlN Aq9AMl6 N^ANMO^ FBOA MMOq Aq9AMl6 

;;A. A.Noyo)Ap NFM NHF9NAy NTAq NFM nccoxn NNI- 

MFAOC fc>FN nipCOMl Aq9AMl6 NNIBAA N^AN- 
BFAAFy NFM OyAAC NFM OyC^BCDBl Aq9AMlO 
N^ANXIX NFM NHTHpOy FTTAKTHOyT FTTlpCDMl 30 



28 ^MAprypiA NTF ntXnoc rFo>prioc. 



MH oyKA^i AN TTF FTXH fcbpm A (j)^ nxc 

(j)OplN NTFqCAp FBOAfc>FN ^TTApeFNOC F6 

MAptA oyog AqsppcoMi N0oq TTF c^-f (J>H FTAq- 

B. TOyNOyCT FBOA^FN NHFOHODOyT FlO)On NNAl 

F2CFN nHqpAN F0 OyAB NFM TTFqiODT I 
NFM TTltmA F0 OyAB F0BF AAAM O) 

^oypo) A <\y}~ GAMIO NT(J)F AqccowT 

MTTlpH NFM HUOg NpFqFpOyCDlNl NFM NIClOy 

NFM nccoxn. ACFpoyd) NAq NXF 'foypo) XF 

MATAMOl FHICAXI. TTFXF niAPlOC PFCOpriOC NAC 1C 
, A. 2CF OyMFTU^AMCyF l^O)AON FTO)On ^FN niKOCMOC 
M^OOY FyO)FMO)l NNITEMCIN OyO^ ^ AN 
Fyoya)0)T NgANMOyNK NXtX NpOOMl NI^O)AON 
NAT\|/yXH Fy^COO) M^)^- nipFqOAMlO NTF 

mpnTupq. TTFXF ^oypo) NAq XF oyn oyN NI- 15 

NOyt ^AN^FMCDN NE. HFXF HlAriOC TFCDpriOC 
NAC XF A^A e^N^FMCON NF. HFXE f OypO) NAq 

XF IF FTAnmocMoc a)a>m NAo) Npuf. AqFpoyd) 
NXF mArioc rFo>prioc NAC XF CO>TFM Fpoi 

. B. O) foypO) XAFJANApA qXO) MMOC NXF HinpO- 2( 

XF ^)HFTgFMCt gtXFN NIXFpOyBtM 
FBOA MATOyNOC TFKXOM AMOy F^)- 
OyOg TTAAlN ON TTFXAq XF FqFl FTTFCHT 

NoyMoy Ngo)oy FXFN oyco)pr FTF +NAI- 

ATC MHApeFNOC MAptA TF. TTAAtN ABBAKOyM 25 

mnpo(|)HTHC Fqo)o) FBOA Fqxo> MMOC XF nuc 

f P. A. AIC03TFM FTTFKt>pO)Oy OyOg AlFpgof Al^NtAT 
NNFKgBHOyi OyO AITO)MT. FTA ninpO(|)HTHC 
X<0 M(|)Al bFN OyMFGMMl AqFMl PAp XF qNHOy 
FHFCHT FHIKOCMOC NXF HXC 1HC OO AFo 30 



NTF mXrioc rFoupnoc. 



29 



.A 



;. B. 



XE (Jv FIE AqFppCUMl F6BF (j)HFTF 
(j)0>N NOyXAl NTFqNAeMFN NTOTq MFTlklXBoAoc 
ITIXAXI NTF 'f-MFOMHl NIBFN (])HFTAqFpgAA 
MTTAl O NOypO NANOMOC FT^COOy. ACEpOyti) 
NXF f OypO) HFXAC XF t>FN OyMFGMHl KAA(JDC 5 
AKCAXl AK60)T AnAeHT F0BF HXC XF <j)f HF 

fNoy XF ifeo PpoK rcoBe Fepwi FXCDI 

NTFC(])a)T FBOA ^ApOl NXF TTAANH NIBFN 
NTF NIAFMODN NFM WlkGuAON FyCOH. AqFpOyd) 

niArtoc PFODpnoc nFXAq MAC XF XpFO)AN 10 

F^)HFTAyFpCTAyptt)NlN HHOq IHC TIXC 
MMON gAl NAifNl NTF Nl&FMtDN NA(yb(JDNT FpO 
AN EHTHpq. T7FXAC NAq XF ^NA^I" TTOC 
PIOC AAAA 'fFp^O't fc>AT^H HFTOypO XF 

OyAMCApJ TTF HC^pH^ NNlGHplON ApF^ 15 
FnAlHyCTHplON HHEpTAHF \l O)A ^Fp^OplN 
NTE ^MFTMApTypOC fc>FN GMFTOypO 
MOXC XAT NTAMTON MMOl tt)A O)COpn. FTATOOyi 

AF a)0)ni AqFpKFAEyiN NXF noypo E0pF nmi- 
pij(sic) coo) FBoA t>FN 'fnoAic rupc Fqxo) HMOC 20 
XF eoooyt rwpoy NTFTENNAy FnAtNic^f NTF 
NtrAAiAEOc FqNAoya)a)T HntAnoAAcoN. AqFp 
KFAEyiN NXE noypo FepoyobAi MmXrioc rEODp- 
noc I>FN oyf MH Fnipp(])Fi XE FqNAFpa)oya)0)oy- 
a)i nFXAq HniAnoAAcaN. AqFpoyd) NXF mXrioc 25 

PFODpriOC TTFXAq NNl^ynEpFTHC FTAyi NCCOq 
XF MAO)F Ntt)TEN N0COTFN t>ApATq HHOypO XNOK 
^0) NEH NlOyHB NEM NlCATHPOyC NTF mFp^)Fl 
TENNAO)F NAN FpATq MniXnoAcON TFNOya)O)T 

MMoq. nmipij &F NAqMHN EBoAfc>FN oynFTgoyo so 



30 ^MApryptA NTE TUAriOC 



NA+noAic Tupoy wKoyxi NEM 

JE. B. NlNlorf- ENAy E^eECOplA. ETACCCDTEM OyN NXE 
'i'CglMl NXHpA NHKl 0HETATTlAriOC TAA<M) 
MTTECO)Hpt AqNAy HBOA CATOTC ACXO) NTECA^)E 
EBOA AC4>0)S NNECeBCOC OyOg Acf MTTECOYOl 
EHIMCDIT ENApE niAPlOC XH HMOq HEXAC NAq 
XE (j)HETTOYNOC NtpEqMCUOYT 

NNIBE^AEY MMICI NOYNAY HBoA 

y. A. ETAY^OqAEq EBOA AK0pOY(A)(JDni 

HMACOYTAS oyoe NTOY&wm Ey^opi EBoA ic 

<j)HETAqepE nicryAAoc NTE HAHI 
Aqo)0)ni NOY^^MN Eq^bci oyog 

^A NCDIK NEM APAOON MBEN ^)HETAq- 
PBOA NgANMHC^ MMHINl Ey^lHl HHl- 

&E XNAC^E NAK EpATq MOIA- 15| 

. B. noAA(JDN NTEKOyCDC^T MMOq NTEK^OJini MnPENOC 
THpq NTE WXpHCTlANOC. ETAqCO)TEM AE ENAl 

NXE niAnoc rEcoprioc AqNETq pcwp NCODBI 

EboyN EXCDC HEXAq MAC XE XO) MnEO)Hpt 
EHECHT ^NOy EBoAgl NEXIX. CATOTC ACXOD 20 
MMOq ETTECHT. HEXE niAPlOC TECDpriOC 

Koyxv wXAoy XE foyoDO) t>EN (j>pAN 

IHC nXC NTEKl NTEKEp2UAKO)NtN NHl 
. A-CATOTq niKOyXt NAAoy AqCCDTEM fc)EN 

Aqi Aqft<j)Ei bApATq MniXnoc rEoapnoc. 25 
mXrtoc PEODpnoc NAq XE Xnoy MAC^E 

NAK Efc>OyN EniEp^)El NTE niAUoAAcDN A2COC 

HmecooyoDT NTAq XE rEeopnoc HIBODK NTE 
nxc cMoyf Epou Aqo^E NAq fc>EN oyicoc 
NXE nmoyxi NAAoy Eboyn EniEp^Ei nEXAq 30 






NTF mXnoc reo)prioc. 



31 



I. B. 



b; B. NAq XF AlXFpF FpOK N00K TTIBFAAF NKOyp * 

NATFMI Xnoy FBoA NXO>AFH XF qnoyf- Fpon 

NXF niBO)K NTF TTXC TFlXriOC TFCDpriOC. X 

nmNA FTgoooy FTXAAwoyT Fnii^coAoN Aqcoo) 
FBoA NfcmTq Fqxco MHOC XF niNA^coppoc AKCFK s 

OyON NIBFN FpOK TTtKOyXl NXAoy gCOq HFTAK- 

oyo)pn -HMoq g^poi F^COO) NHI. cATOTq X 
ni0oyo)T NTF niXnoAAo)N qoxq FBoA ^IXFN 
TFqBACic Aqi o)A mXnoc rpcopnoc. Aqppoyd) 
NXF ntXnoc rFcopnoc nFXAq NAq XF XgA 10 

N00K RF ^ NTF NIF0NOC. HFXAq NXF HlAFMCDN 
FTXAAHOyT Fpoq XF (boyN^HT NFHHl XNOK 
F0NATAHOK FgCDB NIBFN HnATEKTAMOl. HFXF 

niXnoc rpoDprioc NAq XF CAXI. AqFpgHTC NCAXI 

OyO^ F^lpl F^COB NIBFN HTTFqH00 FBoA FqXO) 15 
HHOC XF TTAOC HlXriOC NTF (jrf FKOl NATFHl 
AN XF ICXFN H X ^ 0AHIO NOynApAAlCOC 
fc>FN FTFH FNAqXH CA 1TCA NNIHANO)AI AqXO) 
Nt>HTq HnipODHl (j)Al FTAq0AHl6q NXF ^ 

FqoNi HHoq. Aqxoc NXF noc XF HApoyi NXF 20 
NiArrFAoc NToyoycDc^T nnoq CATOTq Aqi 

;0. A. NXF HIXAHA NFH TFqCTpATlX THpC NAPPFAOC 

Ayi Ayoyo)o)T nnoq XNOK AF Hnioyo)(^T 

HTTlpCDMl (j)HFTAq0AHlOq NXF ^ AAAA Al- 
FpANTlAPPlN HniCAXl NTF (J)^ FIXO) HHOC XF 25 
01) TTlpFq'tgAn HHHl XNOK OyO)Opn F^OTF (|)Al 

ncoc NTAoyo)o)T AniKoyxi Fpoi cFFptmiBi 

FpOl NXF NlXFpOyBlH F0HF^ HBAA. TOTF Aq- 
XODNT FpOl NXF ^ AqglT FBoAt>FN HAODOy 

Ms. NKOyN 






32 MApTYplA NTF mATMOC TBCDpriOC. 

J0. B. FNAtXH Nt>HTq AqBFpBO)pT FBoAt>FN T<])E 

IXEN 'fTTFTpA OyO AlU)0)m 

t>ANCNAy3 ^Noy XE +0)00 i>FN rrAiikcoAoN 

ElCOOpEM NWO)Vlpl NTP NtpODMl ^A^Al FlAO)t 

a)A mcreppoDMA NTF T^P FICOOTEM F 

Eye>C Enoc AIO)ANCO)TEM FTAAHO(j)AClC N 
XF qNAMOy NTFqi FBoAfc>FN niKOCHOC 
O. A. O^ApOq NTAi" fc>lCl NAq O)ATFqXFOyA 

AqEpoyd) NXE mXrioc rECDpnoc npxA 

m d) (^HFTCGDNT MHEenoyx K 

FBOAt>FN T(|)F F6BF TFKMFT- 
t>FN nxlNGpFqCOB'i' NAK NOyepONOC 
NTFK gEMCI ^IXODq NTEK Fp \CQC NFM 
EZAHlNA AqBFpBO)pK 
0. B. ilEN T(j)F Ffcpm FnFTO)HK NTE ^)IOH NFM TFK- It 
CTpATtA THpC. MAI FTAqCOOMOy CApOq AqGODM 

MnFqxFH CAXI XF Fxo) FHTHpq. fc>FN 

A niAPlOC TFCDpriOC "f NOyc^FN(|)AT fc>FN 

A ntKA^i oyo)N Npcoq oyo^ HFXAq HnieoycoT 

XF MAU)F NAK XF ^NOy FnFCHT F(|)NOYN 01) niONA 2C 
NAKAOApTON O)A TPK^ AOPOC fc>A NtxJ/yXH 
OA. A. THpOy FTAKTAKCOOy. CATOTq t>FN ^OyNOy 

Aqu)F waq FHFCHT F(|)Noy[N] NFM niKFeoycor 

FTFpF mnRA NAKAOApTON XAAwoyT FpOq. 
A niAriOC PFCDpriOC ^ NOyO)FN(])AT ^FN niKAgl 25 

Aqajcoa) FBoA MnFqpH r |- NKFCon. MFNFNCA NAI 

Aqfoyd) MTTFqbcDK FBoA NXF niXnoc rpoaprioc 

Aqf MnFqoyoi FineoyoDT NTF mFpAuAnc Aqccan 

OA B. MMoq FriKAgi AqbEM^OHq nEXAq Mnccoxn 

NNUAO)AON XF MAO)F NCJOTFN F(J)NOy[N] 0) Nl- 30 



NTF niAnoc rpcopnoc. 



NTE NIF9NOC XF All U)ApO)TFN 
OyXCUNT NFM OyMBON. FTAyNAy &F NXF NIOyHB 
NFM NlCATHPOyC NTF TTlFp(j)Fl NFM NlgyiTFpETHC 
NNUAO)AON FHITAKO FTAqTAF NOy- 

AyAMONi MmXnoc AycoN^q NNRJXIX 5 

A. i(|)A2oy MMoq oyog A\o>Ai MMoq cyA noypo 

AyTAMOq F(JDB WBFN FTAyO)O)ni NNlNOyf 

? Aygioyi MMoq FUFCHT F(J>- 

AF FTAqCCDTFM FNAl NXF HOypO 
AAAIANOC AqMO NAlBl HFXAq MmXriOC TFO)p- 10 
riOC XF 01) (j)HFTFMna)A MMOyNKq MH MnFKXOC 

B. NHl XF ^NAFpcyOycyCDOycyi NNlNOy^ FTTAlHOyT 
F(j)MA FTFKOyCDCyT NNlNOy^ 

AIBANOC NO)oy Fgpni AK^ITOTK 

MMAPlX MnAlpwf- KCODOyN AN XF FpF nFKTtNA 15 

XH fc>FN NAXIX. AqFpoyd) NXF mXrioc rpoDpnoc 

TTFXAq NAq XFMAO)F NAK XniOy NHl MTTlXnoAAtt)N 
NHl FMNAl XNOK nF0NAOyO)0)T MMOq MnFKM00 
A. FBOA. TTFXF AA^lXNOC NAq XF Mn[A]lpHt FTAy- 
TAMOl FBOA^ITFN NlOyHB XF Aq>A E())[N]oyN 20 

oyog 'f-Noy xoyooo) F0pi^a>A MMAy gco Fio)Nt>. 
AqFpoyd) NXF mXrioc rFODpnoc nFXAq Miroypo 
XF ICXF niXnoAAcDN nFKNio)*t NNoy'h HE IF 

TTOOC MTTFq(l)XFMXOM NFpBO[n]0lN MMOq MMIN 

MMoq AAAA Aqcyoum FHTAKO Nojopn FNEKNoyf 25 

NAl FTlpl N O bFN TOyHTTl ^^l N00K 
poq XF qNANAMFK fc>FN 

gooy FT^cooy ^OTAN Aqo^ANi NXF noc ^A^ 

FO^lB-f NT(f)F NFM HKAgl Oy nF FTFKNAAiq 
N00K NFM (})HFTFKFpeFAniC Fpoq. TOTF AfKJUF N ACI 30 



34 'f-MAprypiX JITF mXnoc reopnoc. 



noypo >FN OYNIO) NHKA N#HT FGBF n 
. A. TAKO HHFqNoy t ntXnoAAcDN Fboyn cyA foypo 
XApjANkpA Fqxco HMOC XF Aifcnci NFH TTAIPFNOC 
XF xp(sic) xpiCTtANOc(sic) T7AirAApoc(sic) rFo>p- 
noc. ACFpoyd) NXF 'j-oypo) XAF^ANApA np^Aq 5 

HITOypO XF HHIXOC NAK NOyHHC^ NCOTT XF 
^FNK FBOA^A HAirFNOC NTF NlXplCTlXNOC XF 

noyNoyf- weoq TTF (j)^ MMHI weoq ON npe- 

. B. NA8FBIOK t>FN TFKMFT(JACieHT. AqFpOyd) NXF 

nioypo nFXAq N^oypcooy oyoi NHI XAFZAN^pA ic 

'V'i'Fpgot NHl XF AY(|)02 FpO gO) NXF MMAnX 
NTF NlXpHCTtXNOC. AqXHONl MHiqCl NTF TFcX^)F 
HMOC 0)AT FqFNC MnFMGO FBoA NNl- 
FGNFMAq FTF HI JO NF- OyOg 
OF. A. NTAHODOY FgGl>B N1BFN FTAyO)O)ni. TOTF 

poDoy AyppKFAFyiN Fepoypwc FBoA N 

FniFpMFTAplON NTOyeCOKl HMOC. N00C 

XO) NgAl NCAXl AAAA NACO)(Dm FCCOHC FHO^CDl 

FT(j)F. FTACCOHC AF ^^ N n C HHlXriOC TFO)p- 

noc HFXAC NAq XF TCDB^ FXCOI XF iboci fc>FN 2<; 
NAIBACANOC. AqFpoyd) NXF niXnoc TFcoprioc 

OF. B. nFXAq NAC XF XplgynOMOWN NKFKOyXl 0) 

foypo) giNA NTF(fi AnixAoH NTorq Hffoc THC 

nxC. N00C 2^F HFXAC NAq XF TTAOC TFCDpriOC 

AiNAFpoy XF Hm6i MHICDMC FeoyAB. HFXF 21] 
niXnoc rFcoprioc NAC XF HOO^I TFpAiTi Mnio)Hc 

FBOA^ITFN nt(J)a)N FBOA NTF CNOq FOOyAB. 

FyobAi HMOC oyN FTAKOC ACCOO) FBoA FCXCO 

Oj. A. MMOC XF 17AOC TTO HXC gHHUF AlXO) H(j)pO 

HHAHAAAATION FqOyHN Hma^TAH HHOq N90K 3( 






NTF mXrioc rpcopnoc. 35 



2iF TTOC MTTFpU)TAM FpOl M<J)pO 

NTF TTOyNOq. FTACOyd) &F FCXO) NNAI ACXCDK 

NTFCMApTypiA NXF AApjANkpA foypco Ncoy 
IE M^apMoyf- NAxn f AniF^ooy t>FN oyMFT- 

PENNt'OC AC(fl MTTIXAOM NATTAKO. MFNFNCA 5 

NAI &F A NioypcDoy Moyf- EmAnoc rFcopnoc 
Ipz. B. nFxcooy NAH XF gHnnF ic p f~KFoypa) AKTAKOC 

I * i- , r 

NTOTFN AOUTON ANCpODqT Fpoq. AqFpOyO) NXF 

TTOypOy MArMFNTlOC OyAl FBOA Nt>HTOy TIE 
HFXAq XF HApFN-t NTFqAnO(|)AClC A m0)B 10 

IN A (sic) HHCDoy Twpoy. AqgFNici ^F NXF noypo 
Aqcfc>Ai NTFq Anocj)ACic nnAipH'i' Fqxco HMOC 

|u7. A. XF TFCOpriOC niNlO)^ NTF NlPAAlAFOC (bHFTAnXd) 

*> I ^"^ * I 

Nccoq NNinpocTorMA (sic) NTF Nioypcooy -f^ 

HMOq FTOTC NTCHqi AplFHl OyN fc>A NtAAOC 15 

XF TFNToyBHOyT ANON FBoAi>A nFqcNoq THpoy 
H(])ooy. AycbAi bApArc NTFq FnicToAw NXF 

TTIKF JO NOypO F0BF NAI. TOTF TTlAriOC TFCOp- 

noc NAqMoa)i TTF FqpAcyi FOIMA FTFqNA^i 
U^. B. AmxAoM MMoq. FTAqi oyn HTTIMA FTFHHAy 20 

HFXAG NNIMATOI FTAMONl HHO XF ODOy NgHT 

J I ' 

NF MHl NOyKOyXl NACNHOy XF 1C g NpOMHl 

IAyClNl FyFDBACANl7lN HHOl 2 IT ^ N nAl <> NOypO 
v 
glNA NTATCJOB^ FXCOOy. TOTF AqCOMC Fnt^CDl 
FT(|)F NXF niAnoc rpcoprioc npxAq AnAipHf 25 
XF nAoc uTC nxc (j)HFTAqoya)pn AmxpcDM 
A. FBoAbFN T^)F HTTlAriOC wAlAC O)AT FqOyCDH 
HnmFNTlKONTApXOC B NFH noy p HHATOt MA- 
pFqi XE ^NOy NXF mXpCOM FTFMMAy FBOA- 
glTOTK NTFqpCUK^ MTTAI O NOypO NFM NHFTKO)t 30 



36 ^MAprypiA NTF ntXnoc rFcopnoc. 

FpODOy NTFO)TFM OyAl NOyCDT CO)Xn XF 

nF moooy O^A FNF# NTF WFNF Twpoy AMHN. 

FTl FqTO)B NXF HIAPIOC TFCDpriOC CATOTq 
Aql FHFCHT 1 ) FBOAfc>FN T(j)F NXF OyXpODM 

OH. B. oyo# oyo^(sic) Aqoyo>M Mni o Noypo NFM 

FpFToynni ipi NF NGBIA. oyog 
mXrioc NNtMATot Fepoycboy N^HT NKF- 

^TCDBg ON FqXO) MMOC XF H^OC 

nxc fNAy FoyMH(^ Fqxn AnAiMA Fyoycoo) FcbAi 

AnACODMA OyOg niCO)MA NApO)0)l MniKOCMOC H 
AN ^^0) FgOK MOl NOy^MOT MnACCOMA glNA 
09.A. OyON NIBFN FTFX0)X glTFN OyHNA NAKA- 
GApTON NTFqFp^MFyi MnFKBCDK TFODpriOC MApF 

o)0)ni NAq FynFBNANFq. noc nANoyl* 

NIBFN F8NAO)a)ni t>FN OyMAN^gAn FqOl U 
FMAO)0) NTFqFp(|)MFyi MnApAN NTFqi 
OyglpHNH 0>ON NIBFN F9NAcfc>Al 
NTAMApTHptA(sic) NFM NAlblCt FTAlO)Onoy FKFC- 
fc>F NOypAN FnXO)M MnCDNb- FCFO^ODni ApFO^AN 
O0. B. T(j)F AMONl NNFqMOyNg^Oy glXFN nKA^l OyOg 2( 
NTOy(j)lpl F^pAN M^ NrFCOpriOC Fl'tgO FpOK 
MApF TFKBOH01A TA^ODOy NXO)AFM. (j)^ MMHl 

4mH"<y^n NNAibtci Fgpni FXFN npqpAN FeoyAB 

FFp(j)MFyl NOyON NIBFN FGNAFp niNAl NFM Oy- 
gHKl fc>FN nApAN NTFKXOD NO)Oy FBoA NNOyNOBl X 
FTAyAlTOy. NAl AF FqXO) MMODOy t>FN <J)pO)Hg 

TT. A. NTF npqgHT N^F niArioc HnrT ic noc THC 
nxc AqoyoDNg Fpoq Fqxco MMOC XF AMoy 2iF 



Ms. EHFCFCHT 



NTF niXrioc rFcupnoc. 



37 



FnU)0)l FT(j)F foTFK MTON MMOK fcFN 
niMANU)0>m FTAlCFBTCDTq NAK Ngpw fc>FN 0MF- 
TOypO MHAIOT FTfc>FN Nl(J)VIOyt. CD HACCDTn 

rFoopnoc go)B NIBFN FTAKFPFTIN MMcaoy fNA- 

XOKOy NAK FBOA THpOy NFM ANKFMHOJ FyOl 5 
f. B. NNIU}'}' FNA1. HFXF HlXriOC TFCDpriOC NN1KFCTON- 

NApioc XF XMOOINI -fNoy XODK FBoA N^KFAey- 
cic 0HFTAy^FN^FN 0HMoy Fpoc oyo^ AqcoyTFN 
npqMoyT FBoA AycbAi NTFqX(})F F0oyAB Aqt 
FBoA NXF oyM(ooy NFM oyppo)^. X nxc THC 10 

^l NTFqMAKAptX M\J/yXH AqFpACnA^FC0F MMOC 
FA. A. ACj6"lTC NFMAq FnO)0)t FNt(j)HOyt AqTHIC N 
NXrA00C NFM niTlHA F00yAB. 

X nKAgi KIM OJA NFqcFN^ Ayojoni 

NFM ANCFTFBpFX Noygof 15 

}DFN oygo'h gcoc TF NTFO^TFM oypo)Mi Noyorr 

CINl FBOA^FN niMA FTFMMAy F0BF 
NgCri". OyON NIBFN FTAyFpMApTypOC 

IA. B. niXrioc rFCDpnoc CFipi NH N(^O NFM xq0 NFM 
XAFZAN^pA 'toypco. AqxooK NTFqMApTipiX(sic) 20 
FBoA NXF niXrioc rFa>prioc Ncoy Rf MHIABOT 

(])ApMOy0t NOyFgOOy NKlplAKH NAXn MniF- 

gooy. XNOK nF cyNKpATwc niBODK NTF niXrioc 
rF(oprioc FIXH NFM nAoc OIA nxo)K FBoA NTF 

TFqX0AyClCKATANlXno4)ACtC NTFniXcFBHCNOy- 25 

po)oy nAipwf AicbAi NTFqMApTHpiX(sic) F0oy- 
AB AniToy^o Fxa>oy oy^F AntcbAi FBoA Nt>HToy 
FqF^TOTq NFMHI NXF nAoc THC nxC 4>Ai FTFm- 
a>oy (|)a)q nF NFM nFqwoT NXrA0oc NFM ninHA 

F00YAB OjA FNFe NTF NIFNFe THpOy XMHN. SO 



38 niErroMtoN ETAqTAoyb niXrioc eEO)&opoc. 



TTP.A, NAl NE NIXOM NEM NlO)(j)Hpl ETA <jrV AlTOy 

EBoAgiTOTq MmXnoc rEODprioc MENENCA TEq- 

MApTlplX NEM TTXIW NTE TTEqCODMA ETlOCTTOAlC 
TEqBAKl NEM TTIXINKODT NTE nEqTOHOC NEM 
NTE OEqCCDMA Nfc>HTq Ay^OKq EBoA 

AnEqTonoc Ncoyj MHIABOT Xecop 
niArioc eEcb^opoc niEmcxonoc NTE T/\HM Neoq 
TTr. B. nF ETAqTAoyo NNIXOM NEM Nio)(J)Hpi ETA 
AiToy NEM niArioc rEooprioc NEM NI^MOT 

t>EN ntMApTHplON E0 OyAB ETAq- 
TAOyb MFTAlErrOMlON t>EN HE^OOy MHEqEp- 
<J)MEyT E9 OyAB ETE COy^ NA00)p TTE EyEpO)Al 

fc>EN nTonoc MmXrioc rEcoprioc Eyd>oy MHE- 

NOU 1HC TTXC. 



NpCOl fc>EN gANHApABoAH NTACAXl 1^ 
HA. A. NNHETgHJT ICXEN U)0pn NHETANCOOMOy OyO^ 
ANEMl EpODOy NHETANENlO'f CA2CI MMO)Oy t>A- 
TOTEN. KATA (j^nf ETA ntmTA E9 OyAB CAXl 

EBoAbEN poq NAAyiA moypo N&IKEOC. nAipw^ 

ANOK gO) ^NAOyCON^ NCDTEN EBOA NNITAIO NEM 2( 

wo}<j)Hpi ETAyo)0)ni EBoAgiTOTq MmXrioc rEcop- 

TTA. B. TIOC ni^lNATOC MMApTypOC NTE TTXC NEM 
NHETAya)0>TTl MMOq fc>EN CO)p ^BAKl ETAqXODK 
flt>HTC 2 IT E N AAMANOC niANOMOC NTE NlHEpClC 
ET8 6AI TE 0BAKI MHOypO NABOXOAONOCOp 2, ! 



merroMioN FTAqrAoyo mXrioc 0FO)Aopoc. 39 



(j)HFTAqFpoypo i*FN wxAA&FOc Twpoy oyo 

AqXO) NCO)q NCO)p TFqBAKl AqO)F NAq F0BABlAo)N 
AqKOTC NKAAo>C AqTAXpOC AqAIC HBA[u]iq NTF 

|im . A. ^MFToypo. Aco)omi &F FTAycbAi NTX<J)F MTTIA- 
noc rFO)pnoc Aqojomi Fqcni" FBoA ICXF NAxne 5 

HTTlFOOy 0)ATF ())pH gO)Tn. HAClNKpATOC AF 

ntBo)K NTF niXnoc rFcbprioc. NAqo^i CABOA 
HMoq FqpiMi Fpoq FqXpFg Fpoq. ^wnnp X (j) r i" 

THIC FbpHl FR^HT MnFqKFCy(j)Hp B HBO)K Ayi 
F^BAKl FXFHno^lNl MnoyoC 1NA NTOyFMl 10 
B. F^)HFTAqO)0)ni HMOq AyTAHO)Oy XF FTAyfc>00- 

BFq H(f>ooy. weo)oy AF AypiMi Ay(|)0)fc> NNoyg- 
BO)C oyo^ Ayi NCA TTFqco)MA AyxiMi nnA- 
cyNKpATOC Fq^FMCi FqpiMi. Neo)oy go>oy 

AygFMCl AypiMi NFMAq. HFMFNCA NAl AyTO)Oy- 15 

Noy pycon NFH woyppHoy AyTconi NT 

FnFqCO)HA ACTO)Ml AF Fpoq H^pH'V XF 

A. XO^C FBOA FTTTHpq Ayd)Al N'fcyN^ONlON NTE 

oyAi FCxoAg MHoq AyuoyAoAc Fnpqco)HA 

F6 OyAB FqXOKFM NCNOq AyXlHl HOyHgAy 20 
HBFDl FqCABoA N^noAlC Fqfc>FNT FDO)Oy Ay- 

II II 

2ioyi Mnco)HA H<|)H FG oyAB Fboyn Fpoq O^ATF 

0)0>pn 0)0)171 NAy^FMCt CABOA MTTlpO. ACO)O>ni 

AF MnpqpAcf Ayro)oyNoy Ayo;FNO)oy F^pwi 

B. F^noAic Ayo)o>n N^ANCGOI woyqi NFM 2 AN ~ 25 

cyw^ONioN AyFNoy Ayrwiroy FRCODMA AmXrioc 
rFO)prioc AyxiMi N^Xc^F FCCO>AK FboyN Fm- 

CODHA H(J)pHt FqO)Nfc> OyOg HnF^Al HMHINI NTF 

'tojFNCiqi o)O)m Nfc>HTq FnTnpq oyo^ AyFpo)- 
<])Hpi FMAO}0> NXF NFqXAo)oyi oyog AVNA#+ so 



40 niFrroMiON FTAqTAo^b mXnoc 



fc>FN noygviT Twpq XF X <Jrh cyonq poq 

. A.^CDB NtBFN FT A (J)^ AlTOy NAq 1CXFN 

XF CFNAO)0)m MMF8MW THpOy Ayt NNIC601 

fioyqi Fpoq Ayuocq NKAACDC KATA TKA^C 
royxcopA syKO)c Aygirq Fboyn 
Ayroeq Ay^ NgANC())pAric Fpoq Ayxo> 
cyNKpATOc CABoA HHoq Fqpcoic Fpoq. 
A niKF B e^A Ft>oy[n] fef BAKI 
NToyo)Nb oyo^ NCFXIMI 

. B. MniCODMA FGOyAB NCFO}FNO)Oy FTOyXtt)pA. AC- K 
0)0)ni &F HFNFNCA ABOT B FyFpg^B A (J)^ 

oycopn 2^P a)0 T Noyxoi fc>FN ionw Aqt FMAy 

NFM OynpA[r]MAT1A FTAy^" MniAOyiN FBoA. 
A NlXAoDOyi NTF ntXriOC TFCDpriOC CAXl NFM 

Aynoyx N^FMI NFMCDoy AyTAAcaoy is 
nccoMA MniXnoc rpcoprioc fc>FN 
-\- Ayi FboyN Fionw bpw oyxa)AFM. 

TTTT. A. FTAyCCDTFM NXF NINFq NFM niTTpArMATFyTHC 

2CF <})At np nccDMA MmXnoc rpcwprioc niMFAiroN 

NTF^OCnoAlC 4>HHTAqc^F NAq FTXODpA NTF Nl- 20 
TTFpCIC HAyFpO)^)Hpl HF 2CF AO) Npwf AqMAp- 

Typoc AyToaoyNoy AyoyoaajT MMoq THpoy 
Fyfcboy M^)-)- 2CF AyFpnFMno)A F0pF niXnoc 

TFCDpriOC TAAHOyT FTTOyXOl. OyAl AF FBOA 

TTH. B. NbnToy FnpqpAN npAFONTtoc oypFMtonF TTF 25 
FqccDoyn MntXnoc rpoapnoc Aqiw NoyTFBNH 
AqTAAoq Ncjaoy a)ATFq6"i MRICCOMA FboyN 
FnFqwi. FTAyoAq FnFqwt AyxiMi NTFqMAy NFM 

TBqCO)Nl FAyMTON MMCDOy. X HlO^lNl CODp FBOA 
XF AyiNl MHCCDMA MHlXriOC TFODpriOC FboyN 30 



niprroMtoN FTAqTAoyo mXnoc epcD&opoc. 41 

FTToym FTAqppMApTypoc oyog tc <? fiponni 
. A. AqxoKoy FBoA MnFNNAy ppoq FTTI&H NF #AN- 
xpiCTtANoc NF AyeiToy pfc>pw Ayoyo)o)T 

MMOq FyplMl FyFpO)(J)Hpl NNHFTAyU)0)TTl MMOq 

ON NAypAcyi np Fyfcboy Mfy^ XF Aypp- 5 



gooy 



np NFM 



AF NFM niBCDK B FTP NA1 NF NOypAN OyAl XF 

Aoynioc ntKpoyAi XF KipiNNpoc NAycAxi np 

B. NFM NlpCDMl NTF 'fnoAtC NgODB NtBFN FTAy- 

o)o>m MTToyoc NAyppo)(|)npi AF Twpoy np 10 

AyXO) MTTCOOMA MI71APIOC bPN OyKOlTON NTP 

npqw NoypBAowAC NFgooy pyNwoy gApoq 

MMOq THpOy. FTA OyNlC^'f AP NF- 

)0)ni NO)Ai AyecDoy^- Twpoy F'tFKKAHCiA 
NTpqMApTypiX pniAAOc THpq MHICTOC 15 

A. t>FN <j)Al OyN AyPpO)^)Hpl Ng 

TAyo^con MMOq Twpoy NAy^oboy M< 

npqXpioc MMApTypoc. e^TrnF ic 

NPAMAO NTF pnpqpAN np ANAppAC oy FBoA 

HP fc>FN nPFNOC NGMAy MntAPlOC PFO)pP10G (})Al 20 
FTAqCCDTFM FTFqMApTyplA FyOXy MMOC A c})^ 

oyo)N AnpqgviT Aq'tg^wq HTTIMA FTA ^ oy- 
ONgq Fpoq pqxo) MMOC XF 'f-ODpu ppoi MMIN 

MMOl XF pCDMl NIBFN FONAFpOMoAoPlN NFK- 

bici NNF^AI MnpTgo)oy db^ ppo)oy XF f FMI 25 

PAp XF gANCApJ gl CNOq NF p(i)Ml NIBFN 
FONApAOyO) fc>FN ANAPKH NIBFN NNF^At MnFT- 

dog Fpoooy ITP t>FN oyMAN'j'gAn pqoi 

ITF fc>FN gANMCDOy PyOO^ tTP glXFN 
ITF t>PN gOX^FX NIBFN OyO^ NTFq- 30 



42 mprroMioN FTAqrAoyo mXnoc 

(JA. A. Fp(j)MFyt MFTApAN NFM <j)pAN MHAICDT FTfc>N 

Ni(]>HOyi NFM mfiNA FG oyAB oyog 
<J)MFyi MOAAAoy rFODpnoc FiFNAgMFq 

NIBFN OyON NIBFN F0MAcfc>Al NTFK- 
NFM NFKXOM FqoyCDNg MHFK F^OOy 
NFM mblCl FTAKO^onoy FXFN TTApAN 






Noynpoc<|)OpA NFM oyAPArm fc>FN nFKpAN IF 

(JA. B. (j)HFGNAGAM10 NOyXO)M t>FN NFU^lCl NTFq- 

Twiq FboyN FiTFKTonoc bpN oyNA^ FyFonq 10 

NFM NH FG OyAB NTHl OyOg NNAXAq FO)AT 

NgAl NAPAGON fc>FN nAlKOCMOC fc>FN 

THpq ANOK TTF HOC (j)^ ^>M FTAqK(j)Oq 

M(j)HFQNAK(DT NOyTOnOC fc>FN HFKpAN 

FboyN FTAMFTOypO OyO^ NNAXAq NCCDt (^A I5j 

(]B. A, FNFg 'i'NAGpF gANO)(])Hpl NNlC^f O)O)nt t>FN 
niMA FTFMMAy t>FN niMA FTOyNAXO) 
CO)MA NfcwTq 'fNAGpF ^ AN ^AOC NTF 
I FpATq MTTFKTOTTOC NCFtNl NAK 
N1FGNOC THpOy NTF nKAgl NUOyAAl NFM Nl- 2C 
CAMAplTUC NFM NinFpCIC NFM NFNO)Hpl NlCAy 
0)A feboyN FWKFBApBApOC 
FpATq MUFRTOnOC NCFINI NAK 

CjB. B. AN2kpFAC AF nipCOMl MTTICTOC Oyog HMAl 

l^FN OyMFQMHl FTAqCCOTFM AF FNAITAA^O 25 

Twpoy FTA fy^ FP^MOT MMO)oy NAq Aq(n Noy- 

NlC^f- NpAO)l M^>pH^ NIAKO)B FTAqNAy FHgO 

Nio)CH(j) npq o)wpi Fqoi Noypo t>FN XHMI Aq- 
TcoNq t>FN oyxcoAFM Aqct>Ai NTFqMApTypiA 
qr. A. AqxAC fc>FN nFqm Fqxco MMOC XF 



FTAqTAoyb niXnoc 0Fo>kopoc. 43 



; . B, 






IS. B 



;F. A 



I 



MTTFp<J)MFYl MTTACON t>FN TTAHl 1NA NTF TTFq- 
CMOy NFM TTFqeMOT 0)0)171 EyMHN FBoA NFMHl 

o)A FNFe- AqMoyf FBoAbFN niMHO) Twpq 

MHOC XF NACNHOy ICXF AN(Tl NOyNl 

F0BF TTFNCON XF Ayt>06BFq fc>FN TCHqi 5 

f Noy MApFNpAo)i figoyo XF Aq61 woy- 

NTAIO bFN T^)F AAH00)C OyuNO)XO 
FTAqXFH HAppHCIA HnFMGO 

FXODN NAepFN (^f INA NTFqipl 
HHINAI NFMAN NFH OyBOHGlA t>FN HAIFCDN 10 
NFH TTFGNHOy. ^NOy XF NACNHOy AMODINI 
CCDTFM NCO)l NTFNeAMlO NOyKOyXl NTOHOC 
nFqpAN flTFNXO) HOFqCCDHA Nt>HTq gtNA 

MnpqcMoy NFM nFq^MOT (yomi NFMAN 

0)A FNFe- A TTlAAOC THpq FpOyd) t>FN OyCMH 15 

Noyo)T XF (})HFTFKxa) MHoq MApFq c^coni oyo^ 

AKa)ANglTOTK Fm^CDB IF TFNHA^ITOTFN MFMAK 

ga)N e iNA ^ Tp ncMoy nniArioc a)a)ni NFM 
NFNO)npi oyoe ^TF nFqcMoy cya)m !DFN TFN- 

noAtC O)A FNFg. ACO)0)ni ^F FTAqCODTFM FNAl 20 

oypAO)i oyo^ Aqtyoapn MMoq 
AqiNi NNFqXAcDoyi rwpoy NFM 
NFM NiXAcooyi NTF niXrioc rFcap- 
noc Aqa)Opa)Fp NNIXOI NFM NiMANa)ami NTF 
ntXnoc rFcoprioc rrFXAq XF NNAXOD MHCCOMA 25 

MTTACON t>FN OyKAgl NO)FMMO F(j)O)q AN TTF 
OyO^ NApF gANKFXO)OyNl NTF ^HoAlC ^ N- 
TOTOy NFMAq HF FyFp^COB FniMA F0 OyAB 

oyog AqFpoy^i MOCODMA AntArioc rFoopnoc 

F^FKKAHCIA O^AT OyFpKAGApl^lN MTTIMA 30 



44 ^u^Hpi Ngoyrt NTF niXnoc recopnoc 



FTAyKOTq ACO)0)ni &F FTAyPpKAOApl^lN MTTIMA 

FepoyXA CFN*]- Fbpw AqepoycopTO KATA 
Mnwoyxi NTonoc XF qNAuorq KATA 



NTF mrioc 



B. 'aHpi Ngoy- TF eAi FTAqAic NXF niArtoc 

TFCOpriOC fc>FN HKODT HTTITOJIOC FTAyXOD HHFq- 
CCDMA NJ3HTC fc>FN OygtpHNH NTF (j)^ AMHN. 
AN&pFAC AF (J)HFTAqglTOTq H(|)MApTlplON Mni- 

Xrioc rpcjapnoc NAqFNKOT TTF ^FN niexa>p 10 

A. FTBMHAy FqMOKHFK FBoA wbpHi wbnTq pqxo) 

HMOC XF AlCODpM HAIKODT FBOA N0y6 HHA- 
'I'NAy FgAl NpODHl FAq^" TOTq NFMHl O)A 'i'NOy 
HTTA'tFMl X'F ^NAC^XOKq FBOA O^ANHHON HH- 
na)C NTF NlpCOHl CO)Bl MMOl FyXO) MHOC XF 15 
XnAlpCDMl FpgHTC FTTAIKCDT MnFqXOKq FBOA 
KATA C^pH'h FTAFFFNCCUTHp XOC. NAl 2^F FqMOK- 

B. MFK FpCDOy fcFN TTFqWT ^IXFN TTPqMAMFNKOT 

A nigyNiH coKq Aqa>B(y. gwnnF ic niXrioc 
rFCDprioc AqoyoNgq Fpoq fc>FN oy^opAMA 20 

FqXO) HMOC XF ANApFAC ANkpF AKCOyCDNT 

weoq AF nexAq XF oy npTcyon HAOC. 

NAq XF PKCODOyN MMOl AN XF ANOK NIM 

AF nFSAq NAq XF MMON Fni AF Aqcoycowq 

A. t>FN mgopAMA AAAA Aqa^eopTFp AqTcunq Aq- 25 

rrq FbpHi t>ApAToy NNeq^AAAyx Aqoya>o)T 

MMoq Fqxa) MMoq XF Kawb pa> nAoc rea>pnoc. 

HFXF niAPlOC PECOpriOC NAq XF 



NgoyH NTF niXrtoc rpoopnoc. 45 



OJHTT TTACO)MA bATFN GHNOy AAAA 
(})t FBOA^ITFN TTtnHA FO OyAB *fNOy XF AINAy 
FpOK FKOl NKOyXl NHT FKHOKMFK FHOA F6BF 
TTlTOnOC FTAKITOTK Fpoq FKOTq bFN TIApAN 
FOpFKXO) HTTACCDMA NbwTq All O)ApOK INA 5 
NTATAHOK FOyKOyXl NXDIA NTF NAlO't' 2 IN ^ 

II P 

NTFK6b FBoA FniTonoc fibwTq XPHNOM^ HHFp- 

FpKOyXl NgHT ANOK 'j'NATHiq FbpHl Fn^HT 
NNlpODHl NTF TAlfTOAlC FOpOyl" TOTOy NFMAK 
TODNK HOO)l NCO)l NTA^" NOyoya>Ag bFN TTU<Al 10 
bFN ntKOlTON NTF TTAm FTAKO)Fpa)(Ji)pq HIMA 
FTAKXO) MnACCDMA NbwTq NO)Opn HnATFK- 
6lTq F'f'FKKAHClA. AN&pFAC AF AqFp HCHOT 

XF FqNATcuNq NTFqMoo^i Nco)q A niXrioc rFcup- 
noc AqppncHOT XF FqNAo^iTq FboyN FHIKOITON 15 
NTF npqwi AqTAMoq FHIHCDIT FTAq+ Hni(ya)Ag 

Fpoq HTTFqTHB HFXAq NAq XA AKa)ANTO)NK 

NOgODpn N^ANATOOyl AHOy FboyN FniHAa)(l)Kl 

NbHTq NOyMAgl XNAXIHI MHtCHOy FTF T7OC 

NAGACyq FpOK. FTAqFpNlH(J)yN FBoAbFN TTIPO- 20 

pAMA AqNF^Cl NTFqCglMl AqXCD FpOC 

NIBFN FTAqNAy FpCDOy NU)OpTT 

AyFpCy(|)Hpl FMAO)0). HFXF 

TODNK 'f NOy bFN HAlFXCDpg NTFNO>pO fl 

NTFNO)A FHIMA FTAqXOC NAK NTFKNAy XF 25 

TFNNAXIHI HTTia)0)A<3 O)A NHHON, 

AN(^ANXIHI Hnia)0)Ag KATA 

Fpoq bFN TTtOpAMA IF HIAriOC TFUJpriOC HF 

MFOHHl XF TFNNAXIHI NTFNXplA KATA (^pH'f 30 



XF 



T<^q>npi Ngoyi T NTF niAnoc rFcupnoc. 

FTAqrAMOK, AyTcuoyNoy HITS Aytfppo oynAp- 
THC X fcgiMi qAi HMoq NGoq ga>q Aqtft Noy- 
qe. B. Tcopi bFN TFqxix Aqi FTTIMA 
T(])Aa)i MniFXGDpg. FTAqxoya^T F 

?TA niAriOC THiq fcFN TJFqTHB t>FN i\ 

oyo^ AyNA^I" bFN noygwr rwpq 
XF niXnoc rpcoprioc HFTAqeAHioq 

FMAO^O) N00q NFH TFqCglMl. AqT(DNq ; 
ANApFAC niSCDpl AqMOpq NOyAFNTlON 

p. A. TFq^m Aqtfi Noyroopi bFN TFqxix Aqa)0)Ki k>FN ic 

FTAqFpCAbpHl 2^F NOyKOyXl AqXIMI 
FpFpODC XCOO) NKOnCl NAqO^CDKl 

Fnujan Fcoyox nAnN AygiToy ^IXFN noy- 
go Ayoycocyf nfy^ NFM niXnoc rFcapnoc. 
N0a>oy ^F XyrcooyNoy AyqAi MHOC Aya^FN- is 
o)oy FTioyw Fyl'ODoy M^'f Ay6"ppo 

p. B. NKAACDC Ay^Ol)A FboyN FNOyTAMlON 
NTF(A)TFM NH FT bpN HlHl FHl FnOy^ODB X 

FpoycbiNi Fpoq MmbnBc weoq AF Aq(5a>pn 

AqXFMC FCMF NNOyB O)ApOC 20 

AygiToy 2 l *EN noy^o AyoycocyT 
NFM mXnoc TFcopnoc FXFN niNtc^l- 

FTAqAiq NFMCDOy. nipCOHl ^F AqiNt 
pA.A. FBOA HHO^AY NB NglN NNOyB FGpFqXKO FBOA 

NbnToy FnKO)T nniTonoc AqeoMcc AF ON 25 
AqXAc bFN npqHi FCXHTT. FTATooyi AF a)0)ni 
Aqoyoaa) F^ Noya^Ai F'fnoAic Twpc bFN <j>pAN 
AntXrioc rpcDpnoc nFXAq bFN nFqgHT XF 

nFTFCO)F HF F^ NNlXiTApXH HHOC NO)Opn Aqipl 

NAplCTON NN1HKI THpOy NTF 'fnoAlC 30 



NTF niXnoc PFcupnoc. 



47 



DA. B. NFM WXCDB NFM NIXHpA NFM NlOp(|)ANOC FqOl 
FpATq FqU)FMU)l MMO)Oy OyO FqpAU)! NFMODOy 

Tupoy. nFqpAct AF AqecogFM NWNtorf- Twpoy 
NTF 'fnoAic Aqipi fwFWO)']- ^o)Ai Fpcooy t>FN 
4>pAN MmArioc rFCDprioc oyo^ AqpoeBFq 5 

NFMCDOy e^C FqpAO)! NFMCDOy F6BF TTlCMOy 

FTA nuc 6AO)q Fpoq. FTAypp^Aoji AF N 
i. A. AqcAxi NFMcooy pqxo) HMOC XF NACNwoy 

A ^ THIC FTTFTFNWT NTFTFN^- TOTFN OHNOy 
NFHHl NTFTFNf NOyKOyXl F(])OyAl KATA TFq- 10 
XOM NTFNeAMlO MnAtNlO)^ NCMOy t>FN TFN 
(])Al FTA (JrV F0pFNFpnFMnO)A HHOq 
TFNPFNFA F9pFNKCDT MniMApTHptON NTF 

i'. B. mXrioc rFoaprioc t>FN TFNnoAic. Ayppoycb 
NAq Twpoy fc>FN oybpoaoy woycoT XF Awoyd) 15 

FXOC NAK XF TFNNAtpl KATA TFNXOM AAAA fcFN 

nnoc TFNNAI a^Apou (j)H FTF nioyAi 

MHON NAXFMq KATA TFqXOH qNAFpC 
NAK N00)0y 2iF THpOy ICXFN HOyKOyXl 0)A 

noyNia)^ Ayifinni A4>HFTAqi Fboyw t>FN (J>pAN 20 
Tf . A. MmXnoc rpoDprioc AyxiMi Na)OB wAoyKoxi 

NNOyB NFH OyO)0 NCAGFpl N^AT KATA TXOM 

AnioyAi nioyAi. MFNFNCA NAI Aqi FOIMCOIT 

FTOyNAKCOT HniTOHOC N^HTq fc>FN C^pAN HniA- 

noc reoapnoc Ayxco wicFN^ Fbpwi t>FN (|)pAN 25 

M^ NFM (|)pAN MTTIAriOC TFCOpriOC OyO^ Ay- 
KOTq NKAA(DC C^A HXCDK NP NpOMHl OyOg AyiNl 
HniMApTypOC F9 OyAB Ffc>OyN FRlMApTtplON 
\ B. FGOyAB AyiNl HniAPlOC NFniCKOnOC NTF TAHM 

nniTonoc. a> XF Ayoywp N^wpi 30 



48 O^Hpl MMAg B NTF TTlXriOC 



O)tt)TTl MniNAy FTFMMAy *F AyOYHp Np<DMl 
OyXAl FBoAfc>FN NOyU)tt)Nl NFM ANKFMHU) 
MTTHA NAKAGApTON FyNHOy FBoA fc>FN (j)pAN 
MTTlXriOC TFCOpriOC niHApTypOC FG OyAB NTF 

TRc xpc. 



PA. A. "h^Hpi MMAg B NTF niXnoc rpoaprioc. 

Aca)0)ni AF FTA niFmcKonoc FG oyAB ppXri- 
X^IN Mnironoc NTF niXnoc rFODprioc FpF 
niFmcuonoc INI FHC^OI Nfnpocc^opA Fe oyAq 
(sic) Aqi FboyM ga>q NXF oypu)Mi FpF oyoN 

OyflNA NXKA0ApTON NFMAq ICXFN TFqMFT- 
pA. B. KOyXl AqiNl MHOq FHFCHT FTWA^M Fq'f' NgAN- 

Nbici NAq AqcKFpKFp Fpoq FpF po)q XF 



nniAAOc Fqoyoua) F^icnoy gcoq NFH 
Acajcam AF FTAqTAoyo nniepicXrioc AyiNi 

MnKAgl AqCKFpKFp MMOq FpF pO)q XF 
FBOA AqTO)Nq AqOgt FpATq MnFMGO 
pF. S. FqO)0) FBOA FqXO) HMOC 2F Xt>OK NFMHl HlXriOC 

NTF (jr|- ^CCDOyN MMOK XF NOOK NIH XNAO) IT 2C 
FBOA AN t>FN HAlpCDMt XNOK TAp XNOK OyfTFp- 
MOy XNAFpC^XFHXOM FpOl AN ti) TFCOpriOC 

oyog AqppgHTc NXFoyX Fcjrj- NFM niXnoc 
rFoopnoc. NApF mXnoc rFO)p[rioc] 
Nicyt Nbici NAq np Aqi ^A nicTyAAoc nAAiN ON 25 
pF. B. X mXrioc rFcopnoc CCDN^ NNFqxix e^^goy 
HMoq Aqcouq Fncycoi NCA nicTyAAoc FPF NFq- 

CON FnO)(Dl NCA nFqCOt O^ATFqX())F Fp 



MMA B NTS TTlXriOC PFCDpriOC. 



49 



CA TTO)0)l NTKF(|)AAlC NTF niCTyAAoC FpF OyON 
NIBFN FpGFOptN MMOq AyFpO}<|)Hpl THpoy FyXO) 
MMOC XF MTTFNNAy FOyON MTTAlpnf FNF 

. nnnF rAp TTFqcoi rAp (sic) TOMI FmcTyAAoc 

NFqXIX CON lC|)A20y HMOq A(fNF #Al NNAl 

NFqtfAAAyx XH AN gixFN niKAgi ^HTTTTF 
Aqio)i MMOq CABOA MnicTyAAoc NCOHB MMON 

^Al AMONl MMOq MHFNNAy FO)(|)Hpl MnAlpH'f" 
FNFg fc>FN ^Al MMApTypOC AAAA niAPlOC TFO)p- 
TIOC TTFTAMONl MHCCOMA MnA1pO)Ml FAqFpBA- 10 
CAM^IN MMOq OyO^ NApF OyON NIBFN FpGFO)- 

'. B. piN MMOq oyo^ FyFpo^(j)Hpi MMoq Fy^cDoy 
Mcjrt" NFM niXnoc rFO)pnoc mxo>pi MMApTypoc 

NTF nFNOC IHC TfXC. MFNFNCA NAl AF A TTIAPIOC 

rFo>prioc XAq FTTFCHT Aqgfi Fno)0)i N^KFc^AAic 15 

NTF TTlCTyAAoC Aq^Ft ^IXFN niKA^l AqFpATFMl 
*^0)CTF NTF OyON NIBFN XOC XF AqMOy. FTAyi" 
'. A 2^F fl^ypHNH A HlAAOC THpq <J)0)bT F^pHl FXCJDq 

eyppo^^wpi MMoq Fqoi M^pw^ NoypFqMO)oyT. 

NF OyON OypO)Ml 2kF N(TAAF ICXFN Fqfc>FN 6NFXI 20 
NTF TFqMAy MTTFqMOO)l FNF^ AAAA 
FqO)ATMF9NAl glpFN (j)pO MOlTOnOC 
FTFMMAy Aqi F^OyN NFM HIMHO) 
NFqXIX NFM NFq^AAAyX FpF 
B. NCO)q Aqi Ft>OyN t>A NFN^AAAyX NNlpO)Ml C^A- 25 

TFq<j)03 Fnipo)Mi FTOI NAFMO>N AqcoyTFN TFq- 

XIX FBOA AqAMONl M^)MOyT MTTlffAAF AqCOKq 

Fqoyo)0) Fo>Aq NTOTq A NFq<J)AT ^ N 

NO^KAn AyCO)OyTFN FBOA CATOTOy 

d)Ai MHFqMoyT M(J>HFTOI NT^FMO>N FVOVO>O) so 



50 fo)<j)Hpl MMAg B foTF TTlXriOC TBODpriOC. 

FXAq FBoA pyxo) MMOC XF (xopFM MAO)F NAK 

FBoA Aqrowq Aqogi FpATq fc>FN oyo^eopTFp 

PH. A. AyrAxpo NXF NFq<j>AT Aq<fo)pFM FBoA Aqo)F NAq 

NH 2^F FTCGOOYN MMOq AY^P^H FpOq MHF gAl 
(^TAgOq 0)ATFqFp CABOA NfnAATlA WTF HITO- 

noc oyog A niFntcuonoc oyAccAgwi FepoyFNq 

NAq NFH mKFp(OMl FTOl NkFMCJDN. Aqfepoyd) 

NXF nipODMl FTOl N&FMCDN Fq^O) HHOC XF X(JD 

NHl FBOA HAICOT FO OyAB NTA2CO) FpOK NNHFTAl- 

pH. B. NAy FpCOOy ICXFN TAHFTAAoy OyON OykFMGDN 

NFMHI O)A Ffc>oyN F(])ooy oyog nniNAy fepoq 
JDFN NABAA FBoA F^ooy oyog Aqo^ANoyiFi (sic) 

F2KDI KATA COH O^AlNAy FOyXpCOM MnAHGO 
FBOA 0)AlO)eOpTFp NTAeFl FFTFCHT e^CN HlKAei 
Mn[A]lFMl FgAl 0)ATF niAFMODN 0)F NAq FBOA A- 1 
pOl. NTOyi NXF NlpOWl NTOyTA^Ol FpAT AC(yO>m 
p8. X. 2kF HMOl FTAqt FXO)l HTTAICOTT AlFpATFMl Al- 

NAy FniArioc rFcopnoc Aqi feboyw F 
a)0)oya)i AqAMom NTAXIX Aq'tNOM'f NHI 

FFTIAFMCDN FTFMMAy MHAlCOn bFN NABAA FqOl 20 
HHCMOT NOypCOMt HnAHGO FBOA FpF ntAPlOC 
PEflapriOC t NANNlO) r 1- nblCl NAq AqAHONl 

HMoq Aqconq Fna^cai FnicryAAoc 
pe. B. <J)oe HKF<])AAtc fen^oDi oyoe Aqf 

NAq Fnfc>AF AF A m^FMCDN 0)0) FBOA 25 

NbpODOy FqCOpK NgANANAO) 
MHOC 2CF 'I'NACyF NHl FB()Afc>FN HAlpCOMt 
TAC001 FpOq AN 0)A FNFe ANOK 2kF AINAy 

feniArtoc rFo>pnoc AqAMONi MMoq Neoq ni2kF- 

MO)N AqqAl HHOq FircyOM AqCATq FnFCHT gtXFN 3Q 



MMAg B NTF THAriOC PFCOpriOC. 51 



pt. A NinAA^ oyog A TTIAFMODN *f- Noywo)'!- Nbpcooy 
FBoAfc>FN TTFqu)Ai Aqi FBoA Aqa)F NAq AMOK ga> 

AtFMt FpOl FTA1AC1A1 fc>FN HACCOMA AtFNKOT 

OYO Ai^copn AniNAy ^S^ 1 )ATF nAtpconi 
FTOI N<TAAF NTeqxoy^T F^pwt FXOH oyo^ 
FTAioycoN NNABAA AiNAy FmXrioc rFCoprioc 
AqAHONi NNAXIX AqMoAxoy F(j)Moyr 

Aq<TO)pFH OyBHl XF AMONl MHOq 

ANOK gO) AlAMONl HnFqMOyT AtCCDK FXODq A 

mXrioc rFooprioc AMONI NNFq^AT Aqccatc 10 
NNFq(|)AT Aq^ NoyNia)"t Nhpcooy FBoA AqXAq 
FBoA Aq(Ta)pFM OYBHI Aixa) MnpqMoyT FBoA 
AqrcoNq Aqa)F N Aq FqiToxi oyog A niXnoc PFcop- 
noc a)F NAq Fireman FNi^woyi FICOMC nccoq. 

HA. A. NAl AF FTAqCODTFH FpCDOy NXF niFntCKOnOC 15 
NFM niMHO) FTKCD'f- FpOq NAyFpO)(|)Hpl FHAO)0) 

fc>FN oywa/f- Na)^)Hpi oyog NA 
NFM niXrtoc rFoopnoc 2CF oyNia^'f- TF 

NFM NlgHOT FTA (jrf ipl HMCOOy MFMAq 

NipcoMi FTAyoyxAi Aya)(oni MBODK MntAnoc 20 
rFODprioc Fya)FMO)i wt>HTq MniF^ooy NFM 

PiA. B. niFXODp^ tt)A TTlFgOOy NTF noyMOy. 
2^F fapGDMl NFM gAN^lOMt NFM 

NAAoaoyi Fyc^ODNi NoyMHcy Npwt t>FN 

MOM NFM gANApOO) NFM gA^lffFfX FygCOOy 25 
AyOyXAl t>FN TTlFOOy FTFMMAy t>FN HTOnOC 
MniAPtOC TFCDpriOC FBOA glTFN (J)pAN MHFNOC 

THC nxc. 



52 fa)<|)Hpi MMAgf NTF mXrioc rFODpnoc 



PIB. A. 'fo^npi MMAT NTF niXnoc rFa>pnoc 
niMAprypoc NTF ffin nx'C. 



ACU)0)m &F FTA niFTTlCKOTTOC F6 OyAB 

Epm Fl^HM NFM NH THpOy F6 NFMAq 

CAXl HF NNtMmW NFM NlO)())Hpl FTAyO)0)ni 5 

FBOA^ITFN niAHOC TECDpriOC t>FN OMH^ MTTt- 

AAOC gwnnF ic oypoaMi NAXCD Nioy^Ai oyog 

plB. B. NCOM Oyog NpFqFpglK NNlpCOMl O)ATOyFN- 
KOT NTFqcbAl HnFTFNTODOy FTAqCCOTFM F0BF 
WXOM NFM MlO)4>Hpl FTFpF niAPlOC TFCDpriOC 10 

tpi MMO)oy NAqTFN^oyr MMOooy AN nF AAAA 

NAqXO) MMOC NNIMHO) XF FpF NtXplCTlANOC 
CCDpFM Fy^wA ^A nAlpCDMl NKAgl MlTENpHf 

plT. A. XF AplBOHOtN NTFKTAAtfb NNFNO)0)Nl OyO^ 

0)ApF OyMHO) NXpHCTlANOC AAAb NFMAq 15 
NOyMHO) NCOTT N90q 2.F NAqMHN FBOAt>FN 
ANMHO) MHFTpFqXFOyA nAlpH^ AqCCDTFM 
2kF Fpoq NXF OypCDMl NKOyXt N^HT fc>FN Nl- 
XpHCTtANOC AqXODNT FMAO)0) AqTCDNq Fqf 
NFMAq FtJXO) MMOC XF fy*^ NAODOyNgHT NFMAK 20 

plf . B. AN MnAtpH^ FKO)0)(y NNFqMApTypOC F9 OyAB 

AAAA mXrioc NA<TI Mno)io) NFMAK oyo^ NTFq 

qOTK FBOA OyO^ ^ NgANNlC^i- (^0)0) NNOyF- 
pHOy. MFNENCA NAl AqFpOyd) NXF HlpOOMt 

Nioy^Ai Fqxo) MMOC XF XA Aoycboy Ft>pwi 25 

NFMHl ^NOy NTA^)A Ffc>OyN FHTOnOC FTFM- 
MAy NTAO)oAq NTAINI NNFqCKFyOC MTTAtMA 
. A. NTFO)TFM^At FMl NTANAy XE FpF TFODpriOC 
NAFpOy NHl. AqFpOyO) NXF niXptCTlANOC XF 



TTiMAprypoc NTH IHC nxc. 



53 



XA Xoyti) febpm NEMHI O^A r NAoyuoxi E0)om 
NTFK&Ai NoygAi FBoAfc>EN nTonoc MniXnoc 

TECOpriOC NTEKIW MMOq MTTAIMA NTEN0)A 
FTTITOTTOC NTENU)lNl NTFNFMl F^MFeMm XE 

AKNA&Ai Noy^Ai NTF nironoc F0)o>n NTEKipi 

pi A. B. NOyABOT NF^OOy NTFO)TFM nET^O)Oy 
IE -fNANACi" &<D KATA pOK Oyo# ^ 

NAK E(^0)n NTEKO)TEMO)XFMXOM 
N#Al NTE niTOnOC NTFgAl MnET^O)Oy 
MMOK AK^ N^ri" NAoyKOXl AKO)0)m 10 

NXpwcTiANoc oyog A nigo)B eo)o) oyro)oy 

?. A. MnAlpH^ AyTAgO NWMFTpFy 1 ) EpATOy. Aq- 
TO)Nq NXF TTlpCDMl ETOl NAXO) AqO)F NAq 

EniTonoc AqcbAi wgANCKFyoc N^ioyi oyog 

Aqi FBOAJDEN GMH^ MniTOHOC EyOBO) THpOy 15 
MHEgAl EMI Epoq FTAqFp CABOA MnipO ETCA- 
BOA MTTlTOnOC HEXAq N^pHl Nfc>HTq EqXO) MMOC 
XE ftO)im NAK ^NOy TECOprtOC NEM 

F . B. FTAqXAAoyo) Fbpm NFMHI NAqco^Ni ^E N 

Ntmrq EqMOO)i Eqxo) MMOC XE ^NA^ NNAI 20 

FBoAfcA OyNlO)^ NTIMH NTAO^AT ^)H FTFMMAy 

N^ KE r^ NAoyuoxi NTAepEqxo) Nco)q 

NTEqXO)A MnFqKEO)MC FBOA 

FnAipFqMcooyT XE rE(opnoc 

NHl NAl ^E EGMOKMEK EpO)Oy EGMOO)! gwnnF 25 

I I I / ^^ ^^ 

'. A. ic mxo)pt MMAprypoc niXnoc rFO>prioc Aqt 

^pAq Fqt>HK MHCMOT NOyMATOl FpF 
NTAypFAXH t>FN TEqXIX HFXAq 



Ms. NIMETMFTpET. 



54 ^(jwpi MMAgr NTE niXnoc rEODprioc 

pCDMl XE niCON Oy TTE (j)Al ETTAAHOyT EpOK 
MATAMOI Epoq 0) N60q AE X p(Oq00)M TTEXAq 
XE rTAO)<l)Vlp ^NAgHn #Al EpOK AN gANKOyXl 

NCKEyoc AubAoy Ntfioyi AAAA #OCON X <Jrt 

B. INI MMOK EbpHl NAgpAl XMOy <fl MTTEKMEpOC 5 I 
0)K NEMHl INA NNEKTAME #Al NpCDMl. HEXE 

niXnoc PEcopnoc NACJ XE ICXE nAipH't ne 

XMOy MApON EHlTOnOC NTEN4>AO)Oy EXCDN 
KATA TTEKCAXl ETAq())0 AE E(J)pO MTTITOTTOC 

XmXnoc rEcopnoc ^Noyo)E NMANKAABI Nbprn io| 

fc>FN TEqX(})E EqXO) MMOC XE AKCOyCDNT XE XNOK 
NIM NGOq 2S.E HEXAq NAq XE M(|)H HAOC AlMOy 

A. AiMoy oyog ^coaoyN AN XE NOOK NIM. TTEXE 
niXnoc rEcapnoc NAq XE XNOK TTE rEcapnoc. 

NGOq AE ETAqCCDTEM NAqO)90pTEp Aq^El 15 

IXEN niKAgi. X mXrioc rEcoprioc XMONI MMoq 
Aqcoo)-]- MMoq Eqxo> MMOC XE EGBEoy EHXOD 

MMOC XE AtMOy AtMOy MHATEKMOy O)A ^NOy 

B. AAAA XMOy 0)AMNAt NTAGpEKCOyODNT XE 

XNOK NIM AqcNogq fc>EN eMH^ AniTonoc 20 
Aqio)i MMoq EoyNio)^ NXCOT EcXo)i AqMoyp 
NNHETAqKoAnoy Et>HTq Aqicyt MMoq CA TTO)<W 

NP MMAl OyO Aqi" N^ANNl^'t 
NAq t>EN niMANKAABl ETXH NTOTq 

o> XE AyoyHp Ncy<j>Hpi o)o)m t>EN niNAy ETE- 25 

A. MMAy 0) XE AqEO) Oywp NbpCDOy EBOA 0)ATE 
NHETENKOT THpOy pO)C EBOA NCETCDOyNOy 

NCEI gApoq EyEpcy(|)Hpt M^HETAqcycam oyo^ 

NAyO)lNl HE NEM NOyEpHOy XE NIM ApA HE 

M^)AI Eno^oDi oyo NAyxco MMOC XE 30 



niMAprypoc NTE THC nxU. 



55 



MM ApA E9NAU)<])0<3 ETTa)0)l E(j)A 

EfTKAgi MTTAipH^- fieoq &E AqEpoMoAoriN M<|)H- 
iff. B. ETAqAtq NAqTAMO NoyoN NIBEN ENHETAycyomt 
MMoq. Necooy 2^s NAyepo)^)Hpi sy^o) HMOC 
xe ANioyi woyMoyKi NAN NTFNXAq febprn. 5 
Aqepoycb N^e HIOIKONOMOC xe qo>Nb NXB noU 

MHON eAl NAXAq ETCCHT 0)ATP (j)HPTAqAO)q 

Fno)(oi XAq fenECHT AyXAq EqXcyi 

O^ATE moyODtNl 0)Al NTE OyON NIBEN 

ie. A. MMoq. Neoq AE AqEpoMoAoriN MnAtpw^ XE 10 
AqXAoyd) Ebpwi NEM mpomi NXpwcTiANOC tEN 
TARR NAqpiMi riE Eqcoo) EBoA XE NAI NHI nAon 

TECDpriOC ^NAOyA^TOT AN XE EKO)An NCA gAl 
NpCOMl tCXEN HAlNAy AAAA tNAO^COm NXplC- 
TIANOC ICXEN +N0y OyAE iNAKOTT AN XE 15 

EEp(])ApMAroc M^pH^* Ncgopn. Neoq AE Aq- 

ptMl TIE MniEgOOy THpq EqAO)t EnO)0)l 0)ATE 

[pie. B. o)0)pn c^com EpEoyoN NIBEN EpeEopiN nnoq 
ETA niXrioc rEcopnoc NAy EnrAxpo MnEqgHT 
Aqo)ENHT t>Apoq Aqi bEN niEXcope AqXAq 20 

EtpHl N90q AE Aqt NNtCKEyOC ETOTq HniOl- 

KONOMOC. Aco)a>m AE EnEqpAC^- Aqct>At Noy- 

ETFICTOAH AqTHIC ETOTq NOyBOOK NTE TUTOTTOC 

Aqoyopnq ETAwR NNEqpconi NEM TEqcgiMi 

|j)K. A. EqTAMO MMCOOy MmpH^ ETACO)0)m MMOq 25 

oyo^ ON XE qoyoao) Ecycom NXpwcTyANOC (sic) 

MTTE niO)^)lT XAq EgCoA ET^HM. ETAyifl AE 

NXE NEqpoDMi Ayocyc AyEpo)^"? 1 

NXOM ETU)01T EBoAglTEN ntAPlOC 

pEO)prioc oyo^ mxpwcTiANoc ETAqxA Xoyd) 30 



56 ^-a^npi MMA3 A NTE TUArtoc rEcupnoc. 



NEMAq ETAqCCDTEM AqpAO)l EMAU)0) 
AqMOO)l EqglCDttt) fc>EN lAfiM THpC NNHETAy- 

pK. B. (ya>m MmpcoMi woykAi fc>EN TTTOTTOC MmXnoc 
recopnoc oyow NIBEN FTAYCCJDTUM NAY 

THpOY NXS WqCNHOY 
NPM NEqO)Hpl [NFM] NEqO)^"? 

Ayi ^Apoq Aqxo) epo)OY 

NIBEN FTAYj^CDm HMOq OYOg NGODOy 

AyppgO'l" EMAO^O) oyog Aytfi ODMC Twpoy 

pKA. A. fc>EN mfe^OOy ETEMMAy J^EN HTOnOC HmX- K 

rioc PECDpnoc fc>EN (|)pAN H())ia)T NEM no)wpi 

NEM niTTRA EG OyAB Eyd)0y M(J)t O)A ENE- 



ta)(j)Hpi MMA^ ^ NTE niXnoc rE(oprioc. 



A (|)pAN AniArioc rEcoprioc oyo^ A nEqa)iNi 

CODp EBOA fc>EN HAl NIBEN XE qipl NeANNlO^t 
pKA. B. NXOM NEM gANMHINI NEM gAN O)(|)Vlpl NEM 

^ANTAA^O Eyoa) Eqgioyi NNIAEMCON EBoA. NE 
oyoN oypcoMi AE fc>EN rxoopA NNinEpcic 

pAN TTE NIKANOp EqOl NApXCON EXEN 
f NTE NtHEpCtC EpE OyON O)pl NTAq XE 20 
ANAToAlOC EpE OyON OyCE^T XH t>EN 
CCDMA EpE OyON eANKEXCDOyw t>EN 
AqCCOTEM E8BE N1XOM NEM NlO)(|)Hpl ETA 

PKB. A. Auoy EBoAeirorq MmXrioc rEO)pnoc Aqa>u) 
MMoq NoyoDai MnAipw+ Eqxco MMOC XE E(yeon 25 

NTE ^ NEM niAPlOC TECOpPlOC TAAtfb 
KCOK NCEgT EBoAt>EN TT0 



MMA ^ NTF mArioc rpcupnoc. 57 



RB. B. O)(JDTTl 



oyxAt oyo^ 

t>FN 



NNOYB FboyN sneqTonoc 
NXpucTyANOc NFM TTAHI Tupq. AC- 
oyog FTAqTo>Nq 
A n^o MnFqa^wpi 
i MMHINI NTF nicpgr cyconi 

NIKANCOp niNlCyt" 
FTAqNAy FTAlNlO) r f- 



k . A 



f . B. 



,.A 



NTF 

FTAca)a>m 

FTAqCDO) HMODOy NFM gANKFMH(^ NCKFyOC 
NFH ANATO?UOC nEqa)Hpi NFM NFqCNHOy NFM 10 
ANKFMHU) NTE NlHFpClC FTAyi NFMAq Ay- 

Ta>oyNoy AyrAAo)oy F^ANFXHoy AyifenTonoc 
MniXnoc TFCDpnoc AyxcDKFM MnFqc^wpi fc>FN 
AyeAgcq NNF^ fc>FN OI^ANOC A 

THpq OyXAl CATOTq Xql" MTTFq- 15 

FboyN Aq^i COMC NFM NH F0 NFMAq 

F(j)pAN M(])ta)T -NFM no^Hpt NFM niTTNA FGOyAB 

Fycboy Mcjrf- NFM niXnoc rFtopnoc FXFN 
m^MOT FTAqa)0)ni Ncooy Accycwni AF FTAyt 

FTOyXODpA AyKO)T NOyNlC^i- NFKKAHCIA Ay- 20 

F^)pAN MniXrioc rEcupnoc F^PHI FXCDC 
Aqoycapn FANTIOXIA AqiNi Noyfenic- 
Konoc MMAiNoyi- AqFpXriA^iN Anironoc t>FN 

())pAN M^ICDT NFM TTO)Hpl NFM niHNA FGOyAB. 
NFM (J)pAN MniAPlOC TFODpriOC OyO A OyMHO) 25 
NTF NlfFFpClC 6l MniODMC FGOyAB 
FTFMMAy ITF pCDMl ITF C^lHl ITF KOyXl N 
FTAyNAy FHlAAoy FTAqoyXAl FBOA^A niKCDK 
NCFgT fc>FN TTT01TOC MntAHOC PFflDpriOC OyMHO) 
FyO)(DNl NTF NlHFpClC AyNA^f AyO)ANl F^OyN 30 



.58 ^U)(j)Hpl MMA F NTF TTlAriOC PFCDprtOC. 

FTTITOTTOC FTFMMAY o)AyoyxAi CATOTOY 
. B. Fycboy MCJ)^ NFM TTIAPIOC rFODpnoc o)A 



F NTF TUArtOC TFCDpriOC. 

NF OyON OypCOMI B NCAMAptTHC FyOl N 

NFM NOyFpHOy fc>FN OyMFTOJCUT FyO)!^ bFN 

p NAoynoxi AyTCDoyNoy AytxoK NNOYTFB- 
NCDoyi Ay<n NNoyNoyB NFMODOY AyTAAcDoy 
PKF. A. Fyoyeoo) Fe<A FTAMACKOC Fcyom 

MATIA A poygl CyCOm FpCDOy FyMOO)l 

NAyCAXl NFM NOyFpHOygl ntMCDlT F0BF N12COM 1C 

NFM Nl^cjnjp 1 FTFpF ntAPlOC TFCDpriOC tpl 

MMcooy oyo^ Accyooni FycAxi NFM 

AybcDNT FOyTlMl 0)ATFNMyAlON B IF f 

Ayi Fboyn FgpAy N2CF Moyi B FBoAbFN 

pKF. B, 0)0)HN Fy^OKFp Fy^PMgFM Fy^CoAFM KATA 15 

(^pH'i- ETcbwoyT XF Aqxoo NoyXAKi Aqo^com 

NXF OyFXODpg FyFClNl Nt>HTq NXF NlOHplON 
THpOy NTF TTKAgl ^ ANH AC MMOyi FygFM^FM 
Fy^ODAFM FyKCO'V NCA TOybpF FTA NIFO) NAy 

FNienpiON FTAyiF^oyN F^pAy AyNocyn 

FTTFCHT N2CF NlpCOMl AyFp^)AO)MOy 
A. tt)FN(JDOy NFM NtTFBNODOyi 

FpoDoy AAAA Aybgi FpAToy Fpoi)oy 

FgpHl FXO)Oy NlpODMl AF NAyCAXl NFM NOy- 

Fpvioy Fyxo) MMOC S:F Fcycon NTF cj)^ NFM 25 
mXrioc rFcoprioc NO^FM MMON FBoAt>FN pcooy 

NNAlOHplON TFNNA+ MHAt O)F NAoyKOXl Ffc>OYN 
NTFNO)O)m NXpHCTlANOC ACO)0)m 



20 



MMAg F NTF FUAPIOC PFO)pPlOC. 59 

B. AF FTAyf po)oy M<jrf- MTTAipw't- A niAPA0oc 

FTAq0pF NIMOyi Fp eipHNH NFM AANtHA 
(|)HTHC AqTHIC FlTgHT NNAlKFXCDOyNl 

FTTFC[HT] oyo# Ayfxcooy Fboyn F 

AyO)FNtt)Oy NtpCDMl AF FT A 
CFMNl FpODOy AyFMl F+AGUpFA FTACTA(DOy 

A. XF 0A TTIAPIOC PFCJDpPlOC AF Ay^ODOy M(jH~ NFM 

[npq]MApTypoc FeoyAB oyog FTAyMocyi ziTgn 

NOyKOyXl AyXIMl NNlTFBNCDOyi FyMONl MnF^Al 10 

MnFTgcooy (^(joni MMcooy Necooy AF AyTA- 
Ayi Fgpm FntAtMi (sic) NAycAxi NFM 

NFM NlpCDMl NgCOB NIBFN FTAyo^ODHl 

MMcooy oyo^ oyoN NIBFN FTAyco>TFM Aypp- 

0)^)Hpl NNIXOM NFM NlO)(|)Hpl NTF TTIAPIOC PFCOp- 15 

B. PIOC NlpCDMl AF NTF Hl^Ml NAyCAXl t>ATOTOy 
nF FyXO) MMOC XF A NlGHptON FTFMMAy TAKO 
NA,NMHO} NpCOMl NFM gANKFMHO) NTFBNO)Oyi 
NTF TAlXGDpA AAAA nTAlO MHIAPIOC PFOOpPtOC 
HF FTAqNAgFM GHNOy FTAlOpPH MFNFNCA 20 
NAl AyCO^Nl NFM NOyFpHOy FyXO) MMOC XF 
(|)HFTANXOq TFNNAiq FOTOnOC MntAPlOC PFO)p- 

A. PIOC tFN OyO)FngMOT Fyd)0y M^'f NTFNU)0)m 
NXpHCTlANOC fc>FN OyMFGMHl AAAA M17FN0pFN- 
TAC00N F(j)A^Oy ^OC ANl CL)A HA1MA MApFN- 25 
CO)A O^A AAMACKOC NTFNO)O)m NTFNHpAPMATlA 
glNA NTFNXIMl NOyKOyXl NTFN'f t>FN OyCCDOy- 
TFN FTAyi AF Fn[A]AMACKOC AyXIMt N^ANO)Nl 
NANAMHl Fyf MMCDOy FBoA NHFTOyMOyf" 

B. FpODOy XF AAAMAC Ayo^OTTOy t>FN nipNAoyKOXl. 30 



60 ^(Jmpl MMAg S* NTF TTtAriOC 

FTAyi F#pm FlAHM AyTHlTOy fc>A C N 
MT7ATOy<])02 pO) FTOyBAKl TCAMAplA 
NXF NlpCJDMl NFM NOyFpHOy FyXU) MMOC XF 
TTgMOT HCJ)^ O^wn XF A TTtAriOC TFCDpriOC 
F6pFNFpnFMno)A HHAINI^^ NgMOT ACO)O)m 5 
AF FTAyi FTOyBAKl AyTAHF OyON NIBFN NFM 

pne. A. NoycyNrFNwc FNIXOH NFM Nio)(])Hpi FTA fy*^ 
Airoy NFMoooy oyo^ AyrcaoyNoy Ay^i Amp 
NAoyuoxt FTAycDO) MMCDOY FTHiroy Mnronoc 
MntArioc rFoaprioc oyo# Aygicoo) JDFN I-BAKI 10 

THpC FyXO) MMOC XF (j)HF00ya)O) (j) 

Fnronoc MniXnoc rpcoprioc NFMAN 

NpCOMt NFM gANC^lMl Ayi FBOA NEMCDOy 
TCAMAptA FTAyi AF FniTOHOC FGOyAB 

B. NNoy^oDpoN pfc>oyN AyNAy F^ANNIO)^ Na)(])Hpi is 

NFM gANTAA(fo FyOO) NNHFTO^ODNl OyMHO) 

NAFMCDN Aq^iToy FBoA AyTODoyNoy rwpoy 

Ay^l (DMC F(j>pAN M(j)lO)T NFM nc^Hpv NFM 
1TITTNA FGOyAB Aya)O)ni NXpHCTtANOC NXF pFfP 
M\|/yXH t>FN niF^OOy FTFMMAy fc>FN nTOHOC 20 
MniAPlOC TFODpriOC t>FN Oy^lpHNH NTF 
AMHN. 



pA. A. t^)<}) H P l HMA^ ^ NTF mXrioc PFcaprioc 

NTF TTXC. 



NF OyON OypCDMl NXpHCTlANOC bFN lAHM 25 

FnpqpAN np ;ra>rpATO)p NF oyoN NTAq Noy- 
a)wpi MMAy Fqoi MnppMoy oyo^ Neoq gcwq 

NAqOl NAHOTAKpOC HA1 pO)Ml AF NF OypAMAO 



PFCDpPlOC TTtMApTypOC NTF ITXC. 
HF FMAU)0> FOyONTAq MMAy N 



61 



B. TTApXONTA t>FN HlNOyB NFM TTlAT NFM AN- 
TFBNCUOyi FyOO) ACU)O)m &F AqCCDTFM F6BF 
NIXOM NFM NlU)(|)Hpt NTF TTIAPIOC PFODpPlOC 

Aqcoo) MMoq MnAipwt" Fqxo> MMOC XF Fcyom 5 

NTF fy'}' NFM FTIAPIOC PFCOpPlOC ^ MniOyXAl 
NNA(j)AT FBOA t>FN nAlhl^ ^NA^ MHCOyPN P 
MnpOC())OpA FHFqTOnOC NFM P NJFCTHC N 
\~K. A. FHFqTOnOC KATA ABOT F(^0)n NTAMOO)l 

FXFN NA(fAAAyX AtO^ANl NCOy KJP M(J)ApMOyei 10 
FTF nFqNl^ NF^OOy HF -fNAMOO)! NNA(j)AT 

NoyuyN^iNApiON NNoyB FnpqTonoc 

poq MOAtpH^ A NFq(j)ATl FTgH N 

Koyxi(sic) A npqccaMA ACIAI Fpoq 
nxoau N^ANFgooy AqMocyi AqgcoA Firpqw is 

i. B. NFM ^FKKAHCIA AqO)AnA FnO}0)l ^A ty^ FqXO) 

MMOC XF fo^en ^MOT NTOTK (j)^ MHJAPIOC 

PFO)pPlOC MFNFNCA F00y B A HFqCODMA THpq 
OyXAl FTAqfc>0)NT Ffc>OyN NXE HF^OOy MTTl- 
MApTypOC FGOyAB FTE ^)Al TTF COyKP M(|)Ap- 20 
M0y0t AqCOB"}" NMHFTFqNA^lTOy THpOy NFMAq 

oyo^ Ayi ^ A Pq ^ xp NFqXAoaoyi Fyxco MMOC 

i. A. XF AKOyODO) NTFNCOB+ NAK NAO) NTFBNH 
NTFKAAHl FpOC AqFpOyti) NXF ^(JDPpATCDp 

MMOC XF qO)Nb NXF (j)^ XF ^NAMOO)! 25 

1CXFN lAHC 0)A HTOOOC MTT1APIOC 
PFODpPlOC HlMApTypOC FGOyAB AyTCJOOyNAy 

Ayo^FNo)oy FHTonoc MniXnioc PFa>ppioc Ay- 

XlMl NANKFMHO) Fy00yHT FyFp^Hpl NNIXOM 
B. NFM NlMOT NTAA^O FTO^OH FBoA^tTFN HlA- 30 



62 ^(wl MMA f NTF TTIAPIOC 



noc reoDpnoc ^CDCTF NTFqpp o)(j)Hpi NXF 

0)rpAT(JDp FqNAy FNtO)^ NU)(j)Hpl NFM NITAAtfO 

FTo)on FBoAgiTFN mXnoc rFoopnoc oyog 
Aqt NNFq&oupON Fboyu i>FN pGDOyTq 

NIBFN ACU)0)m AF FTA niOlKONOMOC 
FNlNlO)'f NO)<))Hpt FTA ^0)PpATO)p THITOy 

pAr. A. AqAMONi MMoq t>ATorq NABOT B FqoycDM 

OyO FqCO NFMAq t>FN OypAO^l fc>FN niABOT 
HHAg r KATA OytHA^ NTF (})+ A no)Hpl 

N^corpATcop TODNq Aqi giNA NTFqFMi XF oy- 10 

nFTO^On HnFqiCJDT FTFM17Fq0)A NGOq NFM 
NHFGNHOy Fno)Al gODC TF FpF ^ODrpATCDp CA- 

boyN FqcAxn NFM niomoNOMOc FGBF nFq- 

0)Hpl FqXO) MMOC 2SF OyON OyO)Hpl NTHl FpF 
B. Oy&FMODN NFMAq Fq^CJDOy FHAO)0) Fq'f N^AN- 15 

Nio)^ nhici NAqrcuNO gcac TF NToyxoc woy- 

HHO) NCOH XF NANFC NAq NTEqMOy F^OTF 
FO)Nb FqXH fc>FN NAIBACA^ANOC F(y(Jl)n NTF 

NFM niXnoc rFcoprioc ^ AnioyxAt NAq 
nAiCHoy NRFponm ^NAFNq NAK NTAI (Aon 20 

FHAIMA -NTA't M^ANma)^ NTAIO 

A. FeOTF (|)Al HFXF niOlKONOMOC NAq XF 
XF OyONO^XOM M^ fc>FN gCJDB NIBFN 
tNAgt XF g(OB NIBFN FpF NHFOoyAB NAFpFTIN 

HMcooy FyF^iToy oyog NNF^AI FPATXOM 25 

fc>ATOTOy fc>FN HFqpAN HAAlN CCt>HOyT t>FN 

niFyArrpAiON KATA IODANNHN XF (^HFONA^ 

FpOl NlgBHOyl ANOK FTlpl HMCDOy FqFAlTOy 

B. gCDq ^ANNl^ FNAl FqFAlTOy ACO)O)ni ^F 

FycAxi NFH Noyppwoy gNTinF ic najwpi N^CO- sc 



rpcupnoc niMAprypoc NTF 



63 



rpAT(JD|) NFM ANKFMHU) HBCOK Ayl FyTA- 

AnoyT FNigeop Ayogi FpAToy gipFN ^P 
MTTITOTTOC AqojiNi NCA TTFqiavr AqxFMq JDATFN 
moiKONOMOc Aqi gA nFqtcoT AycAxi NFM 
Noyppnoy gocoN FycAxi NFM Noyfepwoy ic 
?. A. niAFMCDN Aqi Fboyi 
oygot Aqbi'f MMoq 
XFa>c(|)Hi't FBoA oyo# AqTCDNq Aqcoo) FBoA 

t>FN OyNlO^ NCMH XF XboK NFMHl O)K TFO)p- 
riOC FK'l" MKAg NHl FMAO)0) O) BIA ANOK 10 
TAp ANOK OyHFpFMOy MMON #At NAO^glT FBOA 

oyog Aqxcb NgANNiaH- NxpoyA XF OD BIA XNAO)- 

FBOA AN O) PFCDprtOC A niAPtOC TFCOpriOC 
NNlCy't NO)AO) NAq HAAlN ON AqCOO) FBOA 

bFN gANNia) r f Nbpcooy XF a> rFcoprioc AKi"- 15 
bici NHI oyo# Aqa>pK N^ANNIO)^ NANAO) 

FqXOD MMOC XF AKC^ANXAT FBOA ^NAKOTT Fpoq 
AN 0)A FNFg FTA niAFMODN CATq FGMH't" Aqi 

FBoA NbwTq oyog MnpqTAceoq Fpoq XF a)A 
FNFg nAipH-f AqoyxAi CATOTq AC(pa)ni AF 20 

if. A. FTA ^rpATCDp NAy FnFqj^Hpl FTA HIAFMODN 
i FBOA 



. B 



nTonoc Hnirioc rFODpnoc Fqo)Fn 

gMOT NTOTq HCJ)^ AqO)ANl FTTFgOOy HniAPlOC 

TFcapnoc KATA ponm a)Aqipi NoyNia)^ NApic- 25 

TON FNlHKl NFM NIXMpA NFM NlOp^ANOC 

FpF nFqa)Hpi ogi FpATq Fpcooy bFN oypAcyi 
Fycboy M^-f NFM mArioc rFcopnoc a)A RF- 
NTF 



64 'o^Hpi MMA# NTF mXnoc rFcopnoc. 



B. OHpl MMA 2, NTF TTlriOC PFCDpriOC. 

Aca)oom &F FTAyXo^Ai NXF WBO&K NTF TTTOTTOC 
MiriXrioc PFODpnoc X TTIOIKOINOMOC Fepoyecap 

FBOA INA NCFGODOyt eboyN NNtAHApXH NBM 

EToyt MMODoy uboyN Fnronoc 

NTF niAPlOC TFCDpriOC FHl AF 
t>ANOy(^Hpl N^AN^a)pON IF 

A. IF NOyTFBNODOyi FBOA^FN TOyXO)pA 
MMODOy FHTOnoC HniXriOC TFCOpriOC F6BE 
NIXOM NFM NtO)(])Hpl FNAqipl MMCDOy OyOg 

AtfpHN FO)O)n NTOyO)(^ HHCOOy 
A<NTFBN<JDOyi Ft>OyN FHlTOnOC O)AyMlCl 

OYMHO) NXOI Fyppgcor t>FN (J)ioM XpF- 

TODNq FXODOy NTOyFpKyNTl- 

B. NFyiN (sic) bFN i-oyNoy a)ApF ^BoweiX NTF 
^)t TAgcooy NXoaAFM NTF noyxoi MO^FH 
a)AToyMom FniAyHHN oyo^ oyMwa) NTFBNH 

FO)0)TT NTF HOyNHB O)0) HMCDOy NTFqO)TFM- 
THlTOy 0)ApF MlTFBNCOOyi MOO)1 HMAyXfOy 



F9BF NtTFBNCDOyi MHAyXroy NAt FeMOO)l 

A. MMAyAToy FygpA Fmronoc NTAXCD wccot 

NNAlNiO)+ NO)(j)Hpl NAIO)F NATlj/yXH NFM MAI 
0)Nt NFM NAIXOM NFM NAlNOyB NAl FtyAyMOO)l 

MMAyXroy fc>FN niXwp M(j)[p]Hi- NNI^AAA^ 2. 
fenronoc AniXnoc rFoopnoc fc>FN 

NTF (J)^ FTCONt* 0)C TF FpF 

IF ^ANU^F IF hANC^Al IF 
NOyB IF ^ANHTOC FTOyCl't MMODOy F(J)IOM fc>FN 



1xi)(j)Hpi MMA 2, NTF niXnoc rFODprioc. 65 



B. oyNAfcH- t>FN <|)pAN MmXrioc rpcoprioc 
u)Ayu)FNa)oy HMAyXToy t>FN mXnp O^AT- 
oya^F Ffc>oyN FHFqTonoc NAI NNiuH- NXOM NFM 

NAlU)(])Hpl FTOO) FpF OyON WBFN NA^ Fp(l)0y 

FpF ^ANKFXCOOyNl 01 NAGNA^ FpO)Oy 5 
AF FBoAt>FN M1BOK NTF TTITOTTOC Aqbgl 
NNIFNXAI NTF niTOnOC Fq<Tl MHCDOy 

A. Fboyw FnpqHi X TTtMApTypoc FGoyAB cboy 

N^HT FXO)q O)A nX(JDK NF NpOMTTl 2CF TTANTOC 
qNAFpMFTXNOIN FXEN NFqNOBl NTAXO) NAq 10 
FBOA NGOq AF MHAqXA TOTq FBoA 1 ) Fqipl 

MnAtpni" AAAA (j>n NIBFN FToyNA'f' MMcooy 
NAq XF ^iToy FniTonoc a^Aq^iToy FnFqwt 
NTFqcgiMi M^pH'f" Nioy^AC Mnicwoy FqKcoAn 

NCA niCCDTHp FBOAfc>FN nmAoCOKOHCDN Fq^t 15 

>AG. B. HHCooy F^oyN FTFqcgini FT^cooy NH Twpoy 
MMCDoy Hmcamip a^AqTHiToy FHI- 
FTOTq Nioy^AC NGoq gcoq a)Aq- 
KoAnoy NTFqTHiToy FTFqcgini FTgcooy FGBF 
c|)Ai pco X mma)^ AnipACMOc TAqoq ^CDC 20 

TF NTFqOXgq MMAyATq FHl AH N1KFMAGHTHC 
THpOy ICXFN FT A tTOC GAO)Oy F'tMFTXnOC- 

|pR. A. ToAoc Ayxoo Ncoaoy NNoywi NFH fooygtOMi 
NFM Noya)Hpi AyoyX^oy NCA rra^Hpi Mfy*^ 

FTONfc) 0)ATFN lOyAAC HMAyATq FTF HHFq- 25 
HOmi NCA TTFqoC AAAA FOgHA Ft>OyN A 

' ' 

TFqcgiMi Fqa)on fc>FN nAt(Ja>PFM Noya>T NFMAC 

FGBF 4>Al X niAlABOAoC XFM 

. 



The Ms. writes HHAqXA TOTq FBoA twice. 



66 o^wpt MMAg H NTF TTtXnoc rFoupnoc. 



u)ATFqAiq NOJFMMO F>" naipw" oyoN NIBFN 

F6NACCDTFM NCA NOyCtMl FT^CUOy O)ATOyAl- 

J5R. B. TOy NO)FMMO F^ FTAqOAMlOOOy TTAIKF OyAl 

&F gO)q NAqOl MBOK FHTOnOC MniAPlOC TFODp- 

rioc Fyf NTeqxpi[A] HAq KATA ^pw'f NNFq(y- 5 
cfrnpi Twpoy o)Aq^iroy FboyN imFqw HnpqXA- 
rorq FBoA FqncoAn NCA NIFNXAI NTF nironoc 
Fq^i HMCDoy Fhoyn FnFqwi MFNFNCA NAI A ni- 
PMA. A. MAprypoc FeoyAB XOD NoyAFMODN Ffc>oyN Fpoq 

10 



NFM niFxcapg oyo A HIAFHODN INI 

MHOq FfcOyN F^FKKAHCIA AqCAXl N^HTq 
MMOC XF ANOK pO) AlO)Al fjOyMHU) NFNXAt 

nironoc Fboyn FHAHI ^coA feboyN FHAHI 

pRA. B. TFTFNNAXFNOy FTAygCoA AF AyXFHOy KATA 15; 
MFNFNCA ABOT B Fqu^OH fc>FN NAlbtCt 

A niAnoc rFODprioc C^FN^HT i?Apoq 
oyo^ A nioiuoNOMoc girq FBoAbFN 

nironoc oyoN AF NIBFN FTAyco)TFM Ayf(boy 

McJ)"} NFM niAno)c rFcopnoc. 



pRB.A. ^o)^"? 1 ^HAg TF NTF mXrioc TFcoprioc. 



NF OyON OypCDMI AE NpAMAO t>FN TANTIO- 

XIA FnpqpAN OF FyAonoc Fpp oyoN oyxoi 



MTTpAPMATlA ntpCOMl AF NF OyNAHT 25 
TTF Fql" fl^ANNlO)^ NAPAHH NWHKl NFM 1 ) 



The Ms. writes NFM wrice. 



HHA Vf NTF TTlXriOC TFCOpPlOC. 



67 



JJKB 



NIXCOB NAqf N3ANnpOC(|)OpA NFH ANA- 

B. TTApXH NFKKAHCIA NIBFN NTH ANTTOXlA TFq- 

BAKt Fqlpl NOyMU)^ NAptCTON NNlK^HplKOC 

Twpoy NTF TBqnoAic NCOH B N^ponni oyog 
uqcycoM pqcco NFM niApXHFnicKonoc Noy- 
MHO) neon eqTCDBg M^ NCHoy NIBFN 
^e ON Fma)TFKO)oy oyo^ NApF oyoN 
A.MMFTpAMAo a)on NAq OF eqgwA FHTonoc 
HniArioc rFCDprioc woyHHO) wcon oyoe ON 

FqgHA FUFqWl^t NF^OOy NC^Al FTF (j)Al TIE 10 

coyKr H<])ApMoyei NAqcyAwA HF ^FN nironoc 
Fq'V NoyeFpMFCi Fboyw Fnironoc oyog NTF- 
qoyo)H NTFqca) NFM nioiKONonoc NTFqrAceo 

FTTFqHl fc>FN OygtpHNH ACO)0)m AF HFNFNCA 
B. IB NpOMm tqtpl HTTAtpH't A niAlABoAoC HtXAXl 15 
NTF OyON NIBFN EGNA^'f FRXC AqXO FpOq 
F6BF NFqMFTNAHT FNAqipl HMCOOy AqTOyNOC 
OyNlcy^ NPNO^OC NXAKl t>FN <J)IOM NFH OyXl- 
HODN niXOl AF NTF FyAoriOC NAqMONl FFTlXpO 
HF NINFq AF AyFp^O'V XF NNF HlXOl TAKO t>A- 20 
A.pCDOy NCF^ODA hFN ^)IOM AyTODOyNOy AyiNl 
NNlCKFyOC FntXpO NFH NOygBCUC NANAPKF- 

ON rwpoy Fnixpo AyFpniFXCDpe T^pq pypp- 

TOTF A ni9HOy gO)AFM MniXOl HnoyFMl 
FTAqgO)A F9CDN FTA HlOyCOlNl AF C0)p FBoA 25 

EyKcoi nnoyxiMi Anixoi NTF FyAo- 

TIOC Ayi FgpHl AyTAMF FyAoHOC F0)B NIBFN 

FTAya)o)ni N0oq ^F NFH TFqcgiHi NAypini 
B. np oyog NAyppenBi MFNFNCA NAI Aycypn 

NTOTq HCJ)^ FyXO) HHOC XF TTFTFNAq 30 



68 ^O^Hpl MMA H NTE TTtXriOC PECDpriOC. 



napeq (J)pAN MTTOC 

0)A ENE ApEU)AN (j)^ 
qNAEpTTlNAl NEMAN NTENGAMIO ON NKEXOl 

MTTEqpvi r |- NAI AE Eyxou MMCooy N 

A. Fy^NOH'i" NNOyFpHOy t>EN TTOC N6(00y 

HE EXEN NlXpHHA ETXH NTOTOy 
1C TTIMABOAOC AqTOyNOC HE nipACHOC 



Eq6l NCTpEB^A EMAO)0) fc>EN 

CONl ETAyKOD't AE NCO)q Et>00BEq AqTCJDNq 

Aq(])0)T Aqi glXEN ^JIOM KATA OytMA^" AE NTE 

pHE.B. nCATANAC AqXIHl NOyXOl EqEpgCDT ETANTIO- 

XIA AqXAwi Epoq Aqi EMMAy Aqcyconi 2^E J^ATEN 
Jim NEyAonoc MENENCA ^ANKEKOYXE NE^ooy 
EqXH fc>ATFN nni NEyAonoc Aqcycam NAq NEp- it] 

TATHC NpOMni B^ AqEMl E^COB NIBEN ET t>EN 

nwi NEyAorioc nnoyEMi XE oycow ne AyXA 

pH?. A.noygHT EBOA NEMAq N00q AE AyXIMl NKE B 
MHApANOHOC HnEqpH'f- AqEpO)(})Hp EpODOy 
KATA $pHf EpE ^PpA^H XO) MMOC XE O)ApE 2C 

nioyAi ^moyAi ronq NEH ^HETONI MMoq 
Necooy AE Ayco^Ni NEM NoyEpwoy EepoynoaAn 
nnwi NEyAonoc Accycont AE ETA nEgooy 
AntMApTypoc hoDNT E^oyN ETE (])Ai HE coyRr 
pw. B. R(j>ApMoyei A EyAonoc CEBTcoTq NEM ^AN 2s 
KEMHO) NpoaMi NEMAq Eepoyo)ENO)oy EmTonoc 

ACO)(Jl)m AE EyXH MMAy KATA ^)OyO)(^ 

NEyAon[oc] o)0)m ACMoy ACTODNC 

l NEM NEqCNHOy AyO)EN(OOy AyplMl 
EpOC AyXO) MHlpEMNXHMl J3ATEN Him N60q 3C 



f 0)(J)Hpl MMAC H NTF TTlAriOC rFO>priOC. 



69 



pF'2;. A.&F AqTODNq Aqo)F NAq Ft>oyN Fmm NXO>AFM 
NFM NFqKFO)<j)Hp AqoAoy NFMAq FboyN FTTIW 
Ayoyo)M oyog Ayca> AyFp niF^ooy Tnpq 
FycycoA NCA nHi NFyAorioc AycuAi NMNoyB 

NFM NlAT NFM NICKFyOC THpoy FONANFy 5 
Ay^lMl ^F ON MTTAlpH'f NOyXOl NTE pAKO^ 

AyTAAcooy Fpoq Ayi FboyN FpAKO'V Ay<|)Fpa) 
B. NicKFyoc THpoy NTF FyAonoc gi ^ArcopA 

AyTHlTOy FBOA^A OyMHO) NNOyB AyTAAa)Oy 
FXFN NIKFOyON 0)C TF NTOyFp P N0)0 NAoy- 10 
KOXl ACO)(Oni ^F FTAqi N2CF FyAoPlOC FBoAt>EN 

nTonoc MiiiAPioc PFoappioc AqxiMi NTFqcgtMi 

NFM NH FTFNOyq THpoy FyFpgHBl AyTAMOq 

F(j)HFTAqa)0)m AqFpMKA^ N^HT FMAO^O) NOy- 

A. MHO) NFOOy MFNFNCA NAl AqXFMNOM^ fc>FN 15 

TToc Aq't'cboy ncjyt Fqxa> MMOC XF 
Mnoc MApFqa^oani NH AF FTAycbAi M< 
TAq Ayo)FNO)oy FXHMI FNICA NTF 

MMAy A OyAl FBOA NtW 

Aqa)F NAq AnoyFMi XF Aqa)F NAq 20 

IH. B. F60N MFNFNCA ANKOyXi ^F NFgOOy A 

a}a)m fc>FN eMwi" AmH AyMia)i NFM N( 

A mpFMNXHMl TODNq t>FN T(j)AO)l M 

Aq^i Noycwqi AqbcoTFB MnFqa)(])Hp M 
oyo^ AqTCDNq Aq(fi NtNoyB THpoy Aqa)F NAq 25 
NXoopA Aqa)(oni Fq^if t>FN 



f. A. NTF FyAopioc NoyNic^'l" Ncwoy FyAopioc &FTTI- 

XplCTlANOC ^FN OyMFOMHl NFM Fy (})y MIA (sic) 

XAweoc KATA (j)^ AnoyXA TOToy so 



70 r hi)<])Hpi MMA M NTE nurioc reo>prioc. 



FBoAfc>FN NllTpOC(])OpA NEM 

NoyXrATTH fc>FN NiFgooy NOJAI pyipi MMoooy 

NWHKl MEM NIXCDB M^pH^ NO)OpTT MFTOyKOp- 

pRe. B. qoy Aqt NNFqAnoeHKH FBoA NFM go>B NIBFN 
NAq FTAqoycb AF Fq^o N^>B NIBFN i 
NAq A niFgooy NTF niMAprypoc 
FboyN oyog A FyAorioc CAXI NFM 
Fqxo) MMOC XF gwnnF tc Nipowi 
rwpoy NTF I-BAKI cF^wA FTTTonoc HniAnoc 

PFCDprtOC MMON gHMl NTOTFN AN FGpFN't 1< 

PFT. A. NTAI ponm A^AA ic (jrf NFM niXnoc rFo>p- 
noc FqFNAy FHFN^OX^FX ACFpoyd) NXF 

TEqC^lMl MMAlNOyf HFXAC NAq t>FN OyeFBlO 
XF ^FMl nACON XF MMON NTOTFN NgAl AN 
OyOg MMON At NpO)Ml NATFN^O'YTFN AN XF 1 
ANFpgHKl AAAA gHHF 1C U)9HN B'f- NTHl XAl 
6AI F0NANFC MHIC FBoAt>FN ni9PpMFCl NTFKO)- 
pH. B. TFMKCOpq N-tnpOC(])OpA NTF TTITOTTOC FTAq- 
CCDTFM FNAl NTOTC NTFqClMl ANFqBAA fppMH 
AyplMl MnB TTAAlN ON A FyAortOC CAXl NFM 2 
TFqCeiHt F9BF ^gHMl NFM 171XKO FBoA NTF 
niMCJDIT ACFpOyO) NXF ^MAKAplA Fy(J)lMtA 
FCXO) MMOC XF nACON FGNANFq TCONK 0)A 
0)A NFKO)^)Hp HANTCDC fy^ NATHIK F^ANMFT- 
A. 0)FNgHT MFTOyMGO NCF^ NOyGFpMHCl NAK 2 
FTTOyo^ATT NTBKTFMMO NTFKXplA 2\U2i NTFK- 

0)A Fnironoc fc>FN oy^ipHNH Ayo^rFM^ NAK 

MTTieFpMFCl f NTAIO)0HN NNlpODMl FTgnA p m - 
TOnOC HFTF^NAq MnoC MApFqO)0)ni AqCODTFM 

AF NCCDC AqrcoNq Aqo^F NAq ^A oyo^^wp NTAq 



MMA H NTF FTlAriOC PFCOpriOC. 



71 



ffif 8 . 



ifif, 



nFXAq NAq XF Toyu)(y FXCO FpoK MTTAiMycTH- 
B. piON Nooq &F npxAq NAq XF CAXI nAMFNprr 
NCON TTFXF FyAopi[oc] NAq XF ic 

HTTIAPIOC PFO)pPlOC Aqb(ONT FboyN 

AN FKODpq MTTlKOyXl NACOpON NTF TTITOTTOC 5 

MMoq FboyN NTF nponm HTTTTF HMON 

NTOTF NAN NTAl pOMTTl KFHl gO)K FNHF- 
MMOl THpOy ^NOy XF TTA(y<j)Hp 

A. nANToac f NAXIMI NoyeFpMFci NTOTK Fnoy- 

O)An C^ATF (J)^ (flMCDIT NHl NTAFp^CDB NF|)- 10 
PATHC NTAMA^q FBOA gOCON FqCAXl A NFqBAA 

i~FpMH oyo^ nFXAq NFyAopioc XF cb nicoN 

FONANFq FGBFOy FKXO) NNAl NHl ^ANKF- 
XO)OyNl HHAlpH'!" FTOl HBODK NAK tt)A (j)00y 
^NOy XF F8BFOy FKXO) NNAl NHl F0BF OyOFp- 15 

B. HFCl qcONb NXF ty^ XF AKO)ANFpFTlN MHOl M 
I NAoyKOXl ^NATHlTOy NAK 

HHCMOy MTIlMApTypOC AAAA 1C P 

NTOT MTTAIMA dlTOy NAK AKO)ANFpXplA ON 

NAK NGOq 2S>F Aq(flTOy AqFNOy A 20 

FqXO) MMOC XF 't'NAe't F(|) r i" NFH 
HIAPIOC PFCDpPlOC FTANgl nFNpCDOyO) THpq 

A. Fpoq XF qNAFpniNAl NFMAN NKFCOH OFXF 
TEqCglMl NAq XF A ^ 9Att)K Fni9FpMFCl 

Neoq 2^F npxAq XF ngMOT M^t <i)Fn NFM 25 
n[n]ApTypoc FeoyAB FTAIO)FNHI gA TTANIM 

NpCDMl AlTAHOq F^O)B NIBFN AqXOC NHl XF 
FU)tt)n NTFKFpXplA AMOy NHl FHAIMA NTA^ 
NAK MTTFFTFKFpXplA MMOq N90C ^F ACpA(^l 

B. FMAO>O) Ayo)Fn^HOT NTOTq M(|) t t oyog Aq- 30 



72 i"a)(|)Hpl MMA H NTF niAPlOC PFOpriOC. 

ro)Nq NXF FyAonoc AqrAAoq HUM NH rwpoy 
FGNEMAq FTgnA FTiiTOTToc NTF mAnoc recop- 
noc ^HTTTTF tc nipo>Mi coq FTAqKO)An M<])HF- 

TFNTA FyAoPlOC HTAqMOKHFK f<fc>pm NfcHTq 

ne^Aq xe ^ccooyN XF AiFpNOBi ICXFN TAHF- 5 
TAAoy o)A F^oyN .F^Noy xcoptc KF Nio)-t 

NNOBl FTAlAiq FTAITCDNT FXBN NA(^^)Hp At- 

hoeBFq bFN oyxpoq FGBF MAI xpHMA 

plON NAl FeNAO)0)m NHl NOyKAAACt 

ic nF^ooy MniHAprypoc AqbcoNT 10 

NTAO)F NHl FMAy NTAt^AviA NTA^" 
NHTOC Ft>OyN FpOq nANTCJDC qNA(Tl 
Fgpm FXODl MnFM00 M^ NTFqipt NOyNAt 
B. NFM TATAAFncOpOC H\J/YXH ACO)(Oni ^F FTA 

FyAonoc i FTTITOTTOC MTF mXrioc rFcoprioc is 

Aqc^AwA NFM NHFONFMAq Ayt t>ATFN ntOl- 

KONOMOC Ay|- MNoyAo)poN Ft>oyN oyog A 
moiKONOHOc coyFN FyAonoc xFqnwoy FHI- 

TOnOC MTFMpOMni KATA TFqKAgC FqoyODM 

oyo^ Fqco) NFHAq. FTATooyi AF o)coni Ayi 20 
A. Ffc>oyN Fmronoc Aya)AwA Ayogi FpAToy a)A 

TOyXO) T^CyNAjlC FBOA Aqi FBOA FqMOO)t NXF 

FyAonoc NFH NFqpFHHBAKi XF FyNAgcoA 

FfXrCOpA eW nr fP 1 C mpFMNXHMl FTAqU)0)A 
HHHI NFyAoriOC Aqi Ffc>OyN FgpAy gl "f-BUNNH 2c 
NTF TTITOTTOC FpF 'f'KACOyAl NTF FyAoriOC 
TOt FpOq FpF NINOyB HHp [CA^OyN HMOq Ay- 

PNF. B. coya>Nq cAToroy Ayqoxi fehoyw 

MMoq fieoq AF Aqoycocy F(J)ODT TJF Neo)oy 

AyuNq FpArq AnioiKONOMOC HFXF sc 



MMA H NTF TTlAriOC PFGDpriOC 



73 



niOlKONOMOC NAq XF AKFpOy NNlCKFyOC FTAK- 

KoAnoy N0oq AF nFXAq XF AniKFAn #Ai HAOC 
FyAorioc KccooyN o>q XF AiFppOMni 

r. A. NFprATHC NAK MTTlKFAn #Al FBoAfc>FN 

FNF TAKACOyAl pO) TF 9AI FTAlU^OnC FBOA- 5 
t>FN 'j'ArCJDpA HFXF 17101KONOMOC NAq XF XNAl 
NFMHl Ffc>OyN FmMANFpU)0)Oya)l NTF TUAriOC 
TFOOpriOC NTFKCOpK NHl M^)pAN M^ NFM 

niXrioc rFoaprioc XF ANOK AN FTAtKoAnoy 

NTFKO^F NAK NOOq AF AqpAO^t XF qNAFp FBOA 10 

r. B. NTFqa^F NAq Aqcoa) FBoA pqxa) MMOC XF MAI 

NIBFN FTFKOyACyq "fNACOpK NAK Npwi" NIBFN 

FTFKoyAa^q Aq(TiTq &F XF qNA(opK HFXF nioi- 

KONOMOC XF CGOq NHl F(|)AOy A ^)Al CODTH 

NAq M(j)Moy FgoTE no>Nb ^xa> MMOC NCDTFN 15 

XF ICXFN FTE nipCOMl NA^ Hr+ NO)FN^)AT XF 

. A. FqNAoapK A niANAO) a)o>n Fpoq MHFMGO M^ 

Al^OK a,F A niAPlOC TFCapriOC KHN FTAMOl 
fc>FN 0pACOyi fc>FN nAlFXODpg XF CFNAtNl gA- 
pOK NOypODMl t>FN pAC^ FTAqKO)An MHFTFN 20 
THl MfJFpXAq FBOA AN FKFpBACANl^lN MMOq 
NAK MTTFTAqKOAlT THpq OyO^ ANOK 
FnigOpAMA 0)A ^NOy AqFpKFAFyiN 
. B. AF AyiNl NAq MMANKAABl B MBFpl FTAyFNOy 
AF Ay'l" NgANNlO)'!' N(^AO) NAq N00q AF NAq- 25 

xo) Npa>q NAqcAxi AH np nioiKONOMOc AF 
Aqa>pK Fqxa) MMOC XF nFKCCDMA NACFN 
MA[N]KAABI FBoA AN a)A NTFKMoy IF 

NNlCKFyOC FTAKKoAnoy AqFpKFAFyiN AF 

FBOA NNFqgBCJUC F^NAq AN F^ NgAN- 30 



10 



74 'fa^Hpi MMA H NTE niXnoc rEcopnoc. 

A. MHO) NU)AO) NAq ETAyBAtt)q &E AyXIMl NNl- 

NoyB CAboyN MMoq TFExcuoy XE oy NE NAI 
Neoq &E Aqoycoayr HMoaoy Eqxco HMOC XF 

AlFpNOBl nAOC AqoyCDN^ EBOA HnSMGO NNl- 

Mwo) bew enwi- HmTonoc NTC ntXnoc reoop- 
noc N0oq AE AqEpoMoAoriN W^CDB 

ETAya^CDTTl MMOq ETAyf NeANKENtCpl- 

B. NAq Aygirq Eboyw feoypi NXAKI 
AyXAq NAToycoM NATCCD ^a>c TE 

ETA EyAon[oc] AE 6i NNiwoyB Aqf N 5 
Eboyw Enrronoc Aqipt 

NMlgHKl NEM NIXCDB EqpAO)l 

NTorq M^'f NEM ntAPtoc rEcopnoc 

A. (j)HETtpl NN1XOM NEM WO^MR 1 NlNOyB ^E 

ETAyxEMoy NTorq MmpooMi NAyipi ^E 

NAoyKOXl MENENCA NAl AE A 
"fgO ETTIOWONOMOC AyXO) MnipCOMl EBOA 

NAq NP NAoyK02s:t NEM ^KACoyAi ETTOI 
AqXAq EBoA fc>EN oygipwNH mpa)Mi 
^E ga>q ETAqNAy E^METC^EN^HT NTE EyAo- 2 

O B. TIOC NEM NtXOM [NEMJ NtO}(j)Hpl NTE mAPlOC 

rEcaprioc KATA^PH^ ETAqTAME niomoNOMOC 
EnieopAMA Aqt NfkE rf NAoynoxi EboyN 
Enironoc NTE niXnoc rEODprioc Aqc^coni Eq- 

CyEM(^l NNHETO)0)Nl O)A HE^OOy NTE HEqMOy 2! 
A niAPlOC TEODpriOC ^l gMOT EXO)q AyXA NEq- 
. A. NOBl NAq EBOA MENEMCA NAl A HIAPIOC TEO)p- 

noc oyoN^q EEyAonoc fc>EN niExcop^ nEXAq 

NAq XE A HOC CCDTEM ENEKTTpOCEyXH NEM 
NEKMETNAHT gOCON AlEMl XE TTINAI N^HTK 3C 



MMA H NTF mArioc rFooprioc. 75 



FNlgHKl NFM WXOOB TNAlpt NOyNAl 
NFMAK fc>FN TTAtFNF NFM fc>FN HFONHOy AK- 
B. OjANOyOXA) F0)A FFIFKHl XNAXIMl MnAlKFMO/h 
NXOt NTAK FTAqCOOpEM FqOTTT MTT00HKH NFM 
0)F (UTOy NAK FTFKTTOAlC INA NTFKKOTT 5 

NOyTOTTOC t>FN HAOAN 'f'NACMOy FOOK 2CF 

r ' 

NNFKO)0)T NAl NArA00N bFN nFKO)Nt> AC- 

o)(o m ^F FTA nioyo)iNi o;Ai A FyAonoc CAXI 

A. A. NSM NtpO)Ml FgO)B NIBFN FTA mAPlOC TFO)p- 

rioc xoToy NAq t>PN niFxo)p AyFp^wpt 10 
FMAcyo) oyog AyTAAo)oy fioy2s:oi 

FTANTIOXIA gHHUF 1C TTIAriOC PFO)priOC 

Mmxoi NTF FyAonoc Ft>oyw F^pAy FpF oyoN 

OyNlCyi- MTTFGNANFq TAAwOyT FpOq NFM 

B. A.NO)F NKynApicoc A FyAorioc AF coyo)Nq is 
NFM NHFeNFMAq AyTO)oyNoy AyTAAo)oy Fpoq 
FypAo)i AyFNq Fgpwi FTANTIOXIA Aygiouo) 
N^-troAic THpc FTAyco)TFM AF Ayfcboy M^ 
NFM niArioc TFcupnoc A FyAonoc AF ^ 

NgANWO/t NAPAnH NNl^HKl NFM NtXO)B NFM 20 
. A. NlOp<|)ANOC MFTFOOy MniAPlOC TFO)priOC NApF 

NFqnpocFyXH NFM NFqnpoc(J)opA NFM 

AHApXH MHN FBoA t>FN NIFKKAHCIA 

NIBFN AqKO)T NOyTOTTOC FGTAlHOyT fc>FN (bpAN 

I J T \ 

MniXnoc rFO)pnoc niMApTypoc FeoyAB Aq- 25 
o)o>ni Fqo)FMo;i NJDHTq weoq NFM TFqc^iMi NFM 
B. NFqojupi O;A npgooy NTF npqMoy A niXrioc 
rFo>prioc <Ji ^MOT FKo>q AnFMeo AcJ)^ Aqppoj- 

(})Hp FTFqMPTOypO fc>t'N T^HM NTF T<j)F HIM AFTAq- 

(Tio)o)0)oy MMoq Aqppo)AiNFM NHFGOYAB Tnpoy so 



76 fa)<])Hpl MMAe Q NTE TTtXriOC 



p|7\ A. fu^Hpi HMAg e NTE niArioc rFcopnoc. 



ACO)a>TTl &E t>EN GMETOypO 

TTIANOMOC NU)AMO)E IkCoAoN (J)HETa)Oy E 

Twpq NE OYON oycrpATyAATwc 

TEqMETOypO EHEqpAN HE EyglOC EqOl 

t>EN CMOT oyo# NEnAr4Tponoc Eq- 5 
pjr. B. gcooy EMAo)(o noypo ^.E AIOKAH^IANOC (sic) 
Aqecoo) NAq Nr NGBA MMATOI oyoe Aqoyop- 
noy Ek>pm EXHMI Eepoycyopc^Ep NNIEKKAHCIA 
Twpoy oyog NCEKCDT NNiEp^noyi NTE NUACD- 

AON ETtfAbEM bEN MAI NIBEN (j^l AE fc>EN 10 

Efc>pm ErxcopA NXHMI Aqecoo) 

KATA BAKl NEH gAMKOHHC 

A.NEH A,N&oy oyo^ AqEpuEAEyiN Eepoycong 

NNlXplCTtANOC 'THpOy KATA AHApXlA NIBEN 
Aq'f N0)0y NgAI^NlO)^ N^lHOptA NEH gAN- 15 
BA^ANOC Eyfc>OCl EnbAl AE Ayti)Al HTOyA^)E 

bEN pa>c NTCHqi Aytt)a>m MMAprypoc Aynoy 
E2CEN ^P AN HTTENOC TRc nxc oyog Aqoycopn 

B. NOynpOCTOPMA EBOA fc>EN XA THpC NXHHl 
AyO)OpO)Ep NNIEKKAHCIA THpOy OyO^, AyKODT 20 
NNlEp^)HOyi NTE NU^O)AON EGpOya^EMO)! NNl- 
2^EMO)N Nfc>HTOY ACC^CDHl ^E HENENCA MAI 

THpoy A fy't mAPAeoc Epc|)MEyi fi 
rwpoy ETAqAiroy NXE niACEBHC fioypo 
AHAIANOC MEM wicNoq NAGNOBI NTE NIAPIOC 

A. HMApTypOC EGOyAB ETAq())ONOY EBOA ETAC- 

Eboyw Epoq NXE TEqbAE 



MMA 6 NTE TTlAriOC TFCDpriOC. 77 



p:;E. B 



; . A 



'.A 



'. B 



niCTpATlAATHC TTEXAq NAq XE 
XE N00K OypCDMl NCABE EKXODK EBOA HHinpOC- 
TOPMA NTE NloypCDOy MEM NOyONEN -f^oy 
XE TCDNK (ft NAK NOyBOH9lA MATOl NEM TTITT- 
pOCTOrMA NTS NlOypODOy HAO)E NAK t>EN 5 

oyxcoAEM E^ctptA NTP ^nAAwcTiNH oyog 

MAO)E NAK NO)OpTT F^OyN EnTOHOC H 
MOyt Epoq XE TECOpriOC NTEKO)Ep(pO)pC 
NECCEN-f XE OyHl ^(^(boy NgHT AN EICODTEM 
E6BE NIXOM HMETAXO) ETyyGAMlODOy fc>EM 10 
HEqpAN ^)Al ETA AA&IANOC niREpClC O)Al NTE- 

qA(()E ic oyMwo) Nponm oyog Ayuorr Noyro- 

t>EN OEqpAN EpE ^ANXpHCTlANOC Nt>HTq 
M NEK ANMHINI J., EN JD^N^- 
BHOyi MMAPIA &WC TE NTE HEqpAN EpNtO/V 15 
fc>EN NlXCJDpA THpOy A OyMHO) XO) NCCDOy 

NNiNoyi* ETTAiwoyr AyoyXgoy NCA NIXOH 

H(J)HETEMMAy Ayo^CDHl NXpHCTlANOC Eye^OC 

AE nicrpATiAATHC Aqoyo)o)T Anoypo oyog 
Aq6"i AninpocTorMA Nrorq oyo^ A noypo 20 
eo)o) NAq NP N(^O HMATOI oyog Aqoyopnoy 

Aq^CON^EN NAq EqXO) MMOC XE AK- 
MTTTOT70C NTE TECOpriOC NO)Opn 

EKEO)OpCyEp NNIEKKAHCIA THpOy OyOg 
EKECON^ NWXplCTlANOC THpOy NTEK^lTOy 25 
E^OyN EN10)TEKO)Oy OyOg NTEKEpAlMOplN 
HMCOOy NTEK^- NCJDOy NgANNl^'l" NBA^ANOC 
EyboCl OyO^ NHE9NAOya)0)T NNENNOyf- AN 

EKEcbAt NToyX(J)H NTcwqi oyog nicTpATiAA- 
(sic) Aq(n NNIMATOI EGNEMAq AqTAAcooy so 



78 -fo^Hpl MMA 8 NTF TTlXriOC TFCOpriOC. 

NgANFXHoy AqFp^OT F+ctpiX oyo# 

MONl Mm^OpMFC NTF TTlXrtOC PFODpriOC NXCO- 

AEM N60)oy THpoy Ayi Fepm HnoAic 
Toroy TAXpwoyT NTCwqi NFM 

NFM eAN(J)lf NFM eANCOGNFq OyOg X 
p|H. A. THpC 0)OOpTFp NTF NI7AO}Al NNIMATOI 

^F Aqo)F Fboyn Fnronoc nniXnoc 

FpF OyO)BO)T fc>FN TFqXIX bFN OyNia)^ HHFT- 
FpF HAO^Al NMMATOl OyFg NCO)q 
NAAAo^)FpNHC MTTlCHOy FTTH niNlcy't 10 

NTF NABOyXO&ONOCOp OyO^ FTAqO)F 
B. Ft>OyM FniTOTTOC AqNAy Fni(|)ANOC FqHOg 

FniXrioc rpcoprioc npxAq XF XnAy FGMF- 

NNlXpHCTlXNOC MH FpF NAlNOy^ 

MBFAAp IF (j>pn FTFpoya>iNi qppxpiX 15 
f<fc>HBc FTFpoyoiNi pyog Aqt TOTq 

FTTliyBGDT FTt)FN TFqXlX Aq^ NOy(^A(y fc>FN 

pje. A. m^)ANOc Fq^a) MMOC XF oy TTF <])Ai oyo# Aq- 

KODO) NXF ni(j)ANOC AqNOXb FbpHl FXODq NFH 

gANKFoyoM fc>FN NiMATOi oyoe X oyKoyxi 20 

MBAXHINV 60yj F^pHl fc>FN TFqX(j)F NOOq ^F 
MnFqFMl FpOC MAI NIBFN NTF TTFqCCUMA FTA 
niNFe TAeOq AqKCJDK NCFeT NGOq AF NAq- 

MFyi XF ^ Al HMAyATq nFeNAa)a)m Anoq 

pJ0. B. TTFXAq NNIMATOI XF O)A(])OOy NAN CO)TFM I^FN 25 
NFNMAO)X XF OyON ^ANXXO) MHAIMA M^)00y 
AF ANNAy fc>HN NFNBAA XOyO)T NTF TFNNAy 
FNAXIX NFM NA(JXAAyX XF Oy FTAqO)0)m 
MMCOOy ^OCON FpF NIMHO) NTF NIMATOI KW^ 

FyFpa)(J)Hpl N^XOM NTF HlMApTypOC 30 



B. 



r f-o)())Hpi MMAg e NTF mXrioc rpcoprioc. 79 

po. A. FGOyAB FTAqGpFqKCDK NCFT OyO A TFqX(J)F 
+KAC Fpoq FMAO)0> OyO ITFXAq NWMATOl XF 
NMApON TFNMTON MMON O)A gANATOOyi OyOg 
AqO)<j)lT FMAU)0> FGBF NIMHO) NTF NIMATOl 
FTKO) r |- Fpoq Fill AH ^noAlC THpC NF &NXplC- 5 
TIANOC NF MHFgAl Nt>HTOY ^ITq FOFqHl Fy- 
2KDNT Fpoq FGBF ni(j)ANOC NTF niTOTTOC 

Ayo)F Ncooy AyXAq AqTcoNq 

OyOHTTl ACOjOOm AF FTAq(])0^ 
NH NTF ntTOnOC FqNAO)F FBOA A TFqA<])H 10 

CKOTOC Aq^Fi FHFCHT gixFN niKAgi FpF npq- 

CCOMA THpq CGFpTFp OyOg MnFqO)XFMXOM 
:. A. N0l FpATq AyKCO^- Fpoq NXF NIMATOl Ay- 

TAAoq AyoAq Fboyw feoyni XyoycoM oyog 

AyCO) NGOq AF MHFqXFMtm NgAl AAAA NApF 15 
TFqX^)F MOKg HF t>FN OyNlC^-f N^lCl FTA 

poygi AF o)0)m AyFNKODT oyog Aygcopn Nooq 

2kF AqNAy FOy^OpAMA MHAlpH^ AqNAy FOyAl 
t>FN NIMATOl FHFqpAN TTF TFODpriOC Fqgl 

OA. B. coGNFq FBoA t>FN niXnp oyo^ X oycoGNFq 20 

FXFN TFqX^)F OyO AqO)O) FBOA t>FN 
NCMH FqXCD MMOC XF TFCOpriF TFODp- 
TIF CATOTq AqpCOC FBOAt>FN niglNIM NF AF 

FTt>FN mni NFMAq FTAycoDTFM Fnibpcooy 
nFxcaoy XF KCAXI NFM NIM HFNOC NQoq AF 25 
i. A. Aqo^mi NTAMODoy F'tpAcoyi Aqo)(om Fqxo> 
Npooq oyo^ MTTFqoya>o) FTAoyBF (|)pAN Am- 
Xnoc PFcopnoc FBoAfc>FN poq FnTwpq FTAy- 

0}0)pTT AF 0)0)ni AqblCl FMAU)tt) FpF ^BA- 

bFN TFqX())F oyo^ Aqoaa) FBoAbFN oy- so 



so -ttnpi MMAg e NTF mnoc PFcoprioc. 



Nk>po)oy Fqxo) HMOC Fqceuprep NNI- 

pOB. B. MATOl XF TAAoi NTFNO)F NAN FTFNXCDpA XF 
NNAMOy fc>FN TAlXCDpA NU^FMMO OyO AyTGDOy- 

Noy Twpoy NXF MMATOI beN oypAcyi AYTA- 
Ao)oy FNiexwoy ayepgcor FTANTIOXIA fc>FN s 

TA(])E AF HTTlCTpATlAATHC 
ACXCONC FMA(yCO OyO^ fc>FN 

r NFgooy A noU (pApi Fpoq Aqnoy 

A. ACO)0)ni AF MFNFNCA F NFOOy AqO)Oyd) qFNT 
FBOA THpq FBOA AqXCONC FMAC^O) A NIMATOl 10 
AMONl MMOq AyCATq F(j)lOM FTAyi AF F^OyN 
FTANTIOXIA AyTAHF HOypO F0)B NIBFN FTAy- 

o)(oni oyog Ayxco Fpoq NNIXOM NFM Nicy^wp 1 
FTAyNAy Fpcooy i>FN nTonoc niXrioc rFO)p- 

B. HOC AlOKAwAlANOC AF TTIANOMOC NO^OyMOct 
HMOq NAnOCTATHC HFIFq^O) FpOq fc>FN NAl 
MnAlpH'i' XF NApF (J)^ OyCDC^ FTAKOq FJF fc>FN 

oyTAKO FqgcDoy FGBF wnF0a>oy Twpoy FTA- 
qAiToy NNHFeoyAB A^A Fni AH AqepF npq^HT 

FNO)OT M^pH']- M^)ApAO) MHlCHOy OyOg TTFXAq 2 
NAq NNIMATOI XF ApFTFN^ODTFB MniNlO)^ 
pOA. A. NCTpATlAATHC NTF ^MFTOypO ApFTFNXO) NNAl- 

MFGNoyx FTcoq XF A TFcopnoc 

9AH10 NgANXOM NFM 
FTTAlHOyT XF ^NAC^F NHl FMAy NNA<J>AT Al- 2. 
O^ANFHl FNFTFNHFGNOyX FTCOOq 
pOA. B. NTFTFNA^)F THpOy t>FN p(JDC NTCHqi 
^NAtfl MniCTpATFyMA FMAy NFMHl N 
N+TToAlC THpC FBOAbFN pO)C N 

MHlTOnOC FTFMMAy 0)A NFqCFN^ NTAGpF 30 



10 



MMA 9 NTF FTIAPIOC PFCOpPtOC. 81 

wxpiCTiANOC oyo)o/r NNiyAO)AoN (sic) k>FN 

TFqMH't. MFNFNCA NAl CAXt &F AqTODNq NXF 

K)E. A. AioKAn&iANOc AqecDoyt* FboyN NNIMATOI 
Tnpoy AqcoBf NNiFXHoy pepoyTAAcooy NToy- 

Fp0)T F+ClplA AqepF ni[Kl]plJ 0)0) FBOA 5 
fc>FN fnoAlC THpC XF CFBTH GHNOy fc>A NIMA- 
TOl NTFNO)F NAN F"tcyplA NTAOjOpO^Fp Ani- 
TOTTOC NTF niNlOJ-f NAXO) NTF NIPAplAFOC FTt 

FpF nicAxi }DFN po)q Anoypo NApF 

MAN [N]NOyB FXFN TA^)F MniGpONOC C 

^ixo)q gnnriF tc MHXAHA ni 

FGOyAB NFM TUAPIOC PFO)pPlOC Ayi FHFCHT 
FBoAt>FN T^)F Aq(j)0)NX MHlGpONOC fc>ApOq OyOg 
NIFpMAN NNOyB FT^IXFN niGpONOC Ay^MA'f" 

fc>FN NFqBAA Ay<j)0)pK NNFqAAAoy FTTFCHT oyo^ 
Aqo)cy FBoA fc>FN Gymo/]" NCMH AqpiMt 

MMOC XF OyOl NHI TTAOC OyOl NHI TTAOC 
niAPAGOC AlFpNOBl XOD NHI FBOA XF AlFp[eAN]- 
MMFTnFT^O)Oy NNIFBIAIK NTAK glXFN ni- 
(j) r l' XO) NHI FBOA XF ANOK OypFqFpNOBl 20 
OyO A TCMH MniApXHAPPFAoC FGOyAB MH- 

XAnA o)o>m ^Apoq N-foyNoy XF MMON xo> 

FBOA NAO)0)TTl NAK J^FN HA1FO3N OyAF FJFGNHOy 
^-NOy XF A TFKMFTOypO CENK AyTHIC NKO)C- 
TANTINOC (J)HFTTAlHOyT FOT FpO)K NOyGBA 25 
NKO)B OyO A KFMHO) NTF NIMATOl NFM fcyN- 
KAHTOC THpC FTOyHT F^METOypO AyCO)TEM 

ETCMH MnupXHAPPEAoc MHXAnA EqcAxi oyog 

M(])HFTAqO)0)ni FBOA^FN T(j)F 

oygo^ oyo^ AyTo>oyNoy CATO- so 

11 



82 ^a)(])Hpi HHAg e NTE ntXrioc rEcwpnoc. 

roy Ayirq FBoAk>EN ^METoypo oyog Ayiw 

NKOUCTANTINOC FboyN NTEqa)EBltt> Ayt FXO)q 
N^EBCCD NTE ^METOypO NE OypCOMl HE MMAt- 
B. NOyf MHAIAPAnH MMAlpCOHl MMAlTTEGNANEq 
NEH OyON NIBEN O)AqO)E NAq EiEKKAwClA N- 5 

(ycopn MMHW NEH poyei Eqipi 
NcyNA^ic Eqa)AwA Enj^coi gA fy^ t>EN 
Mqtpoaoyo) Eq^ N^ANNic^'t NArAnw NEH 

A. npoc(j)opA EqEp^o1~ bAT^w nnoc NCHoy NIBEN 
Neoq NEH nEqwi rwpq NEH TEqnAy HHAI- 10 
Noyf \ENH toypa) Ey^ooc oyo^ EyEcnoy Ey- 

0)EH2HOT( 1 ) NTOTq HTTOC OyOg TTENNOyf 

nENca)Twp me nxc $AI ETE EBoA^iTor 

0)0y NIBEN NEH TAtO NIBEN NEH TTpOCKyNICtC 
(sic) NIBEN EpnpEHl H(])ia)T NFH nc^Hpl NFH nilTN A 15 

B. FeoyAB NpFqTANbo oyo^ NOHOoycioc NEHAq 

^NOy NEH NCHOy NIBEN NFH O)A FNEg NTE 
NIFNE THpOy AHHN, 



() Read EYU)ETTHOT. 



OYENPCDMION EAqTAoyoq ABBA 



[ .106. OYENPOUMION EAqTAoyoq NXE mnAKApioc 

NETTICKOTIOC ABBA GPO^OTOC TTlETTlCKOnOC NTE 
ANKHpA NTE KAAATIA t>EN TTlEeOOy NTE TTtEp- 
<])MEyi ETTAlHOyT NTE mpH NTB ^MPeMHl 

NTF gANATOOyi niNl(^^ HMeAlTO)N NTF 5 

niMATOi Nxcopi NTF nxc ntAnoc 
niMAprypoc wpeH'tocnoAic NTP 

ETF (|)Al HE COy Kf NniABOT 

ei nqoycoN^ FBoA NTEqcyNrewA NEM 

NNAPODN ETAqEp^yHOMENtN EpO)Oy 10 
NEM NITAIO ETAq(5lTOy fc>EN Nl(])HOyi fc>EN 

NTE (rl* AMHN. 



oyo OY&IKEON HE oygHoy HE 

NNENlJ/yXH 01) NAMENpAf EGOyAB EGpENEp- 
<J)MEyi NNltuCl NEM NIAPCON NlOJOyTAlCDOy NTE 15 

B NHEeoyAB N^oyb AE N^oyo niNia^-t NAPCON 
ET^OCI oyog No^oyTAioq NTE niNia)^ NAeAy- 

THC OyOg NXODpl ETENEpOJAl NAq M(j)00y 
niAPlOC PECDpPlOC (j)A niEp(])MEyi ETTAlHOyT 
(|)Al ETAqoyCDNe NAN EBoA EqCOTTT NAgpFN 20 
NOJOyMFNplTq NAgpEN NlpCOMl E6BE 
I NAIKEON ETAqTA^COOy EpATOy NAl 

EGBHToy AqEpnEMnajA EepoyeA^MEq 

ENIEMKA<3 NNOyKAt NTE nXC OyOg 
NTEqqAt fc>A Nl^)0)A^ fc>EN nEqCCJDMA E8BE HXC. 25 



84 oyEPKODMlON EAqTAOyoq NXE TTlMAKAplOC 



NIWO)T NgyTTOMENH NEM NlNlOJ' MMET- 
X0)pl NEM OygHT EqTOyBHOyT EqXHK EBOA 

JSEN nxiNepEqi- NTEqnpogEpEcic rwpc 

ITEN niNlO)T Nfc>MOM ETU)OTT t>EN 

EboyN E^)+ NEM TEq^O'f- ETCA^oyN HMoq i 
eat ETAC^ oyrag n^ NKAAoac wgpm JDEN 
p NEM 5 NEM A. oyo ON Aqxo) Nccoq t>EN 
nEqoyoao) MMIN MMoq NTTAO)AI NNEqxpHMA 

ETOO) NEM NEqEBlAlK NEM TEqNlO^ MMETpA- 
MAO THpC AqCCDTEM NCA ^CMH NNOy^ OyOg H 
fol. 107. AqqAl NHEqCTAypOC AqMOO^l NCA OENOC 1HC 

AqoyA^q wcouq b>EN oy^wr EqcoyrcaN EG- 

BE (|)Al g(Jl)q Aq^t MHAl Murf- NTAIO EBoA 
^ITOTq MHXC E9BE (J)Al NAqXO) MMOC NAq TIE 
fc>EN OyANAO) XE MMON OyON 1>EN NIMApTypOC ^ 

ETAycyconi Eqo(N)i MMOK bEN Ni(])Hoyi oyog 

NNE OyON O^COni EqONl MMOK 0)AEINE OyO^ 
NAqBEpBEp ^E ON TTE t>EN niOHA E90yAB Eqipl 

NTEqnoAiriA HE MMHNI NEM oycnoy^w EepEq- 

fc>EN NH ETCOTH OyO ETOl N^HOy NNEN- 2 

. ^AnAcoc Aqipt M(j)oya)o) rwpq Mcjrt 

AqEpCABOA MMEyt NIBEN ETOl N(fpo[n] 

N+xJ/yXH. oyo^ NAqa^on TIE k>EN oyMETa)AM- 
a)ENoyf- oyog NAqoywoy EBoA nE ^A NixtNNAy 

NE^)AHOy NTE nAl BIOC NAl ETOl M^pH^ f^Nl- 2 

pAcoyi oyog a^AyciNi NXO>AEM MC^PH^ NNoy- 

fcwiBl OyO^ E0BE <])Al OyN A HAl XCOpl 
ETEMMAy (TlCy^CDOy ENAT<])E. Eqipl M^)MEyi 
NniMAKAplOC HAyAoC EqXO) MMOC XE ICXE 
ATETENTENGHNOy NEM HXC KO)^ NCA NAno^COl 3 



NEmcKorroc ABBA eEOAoroc 85 

, 

S. ntMA EpE nxc MMoq oyo# eqggMci CA OYINAM 

MCJrf OyO MEyi ENAnO)0)l NH ETglXEN TTKAl 

AN (j)n EeoyAB XE oyN oyog ETTAiwoyr A,AH- 
eo)c niAnoc rEcupnoc niMEAircoN NTTE OMET- 

KOMHC NTTEqitOT OyAE ^METEyPENHC NTE TEq- 5 

MAy oy^E nioDoy NTE TEqMETMATOi cyifpo 

ICMOC OyAE ON N1TE gAl bEN NAl 
MMOq OyAE NTECEpg^A NTEq\J/yXH 
D NCCDq NTEqMETEyCEBHC NEM HEqAo- 

PICMOC ETxoyxHoyr 1 ) NEM nEqNAgt ETXHK 10 

EBOA OyOg EpE nigMOT NTE $ r f 
MMOq bEN ,<D& NIBEN EqEpgBMl MMOq 

bATgH MCJ)^ EqXpEg Epoq EA HOC 
NCA CA NIBEN NTAq XE NNEqKlMO^A 

nid)Nl NNATAMAC(sic) ETCOTH Ee- 15 
BE (|)Al AE bEN HXlNepE nCHOy MTTl&UJDrMOC 

(yo>ni Aqo^cDm gcoq NXE <]>H EeoyAB ntArioc 

TECDpriOC EqCEBTO)T bEN TTEq^HT oyo^ bEN 

nxiNepE noc eAgMEq EboyN EntXrcoN EeoyAB 
oyog Aqcyconi EqpcDoyT MAAAoN AE AqcyE 20 

:ol. 108. C^A TTIAPCDN EeoyAB OyOg AqO)0)ni EqMOO^l bEN 

mArcDN EeoyAB MMAyATq AomoN bEN TTXIN- 
epoyEp BA^ANI^IN MMoq Aqo)0)m Nxoopi EqTA- 
xpwoyT oyog Aqu)0)m EqTAxpHoyT ENEqxAxi 

(AqMt(A)l NEM NlOypODOy NNACEBHC Aq^l HOI- 25 
XAOM NATA(DM (yA ENE^ NEM ^(fpHTTl NNOypO 
NEM ntepONOC NBAClAlKON EBOAglTEN nEqHAT- 
/..cAc-r HHHI oyog EeoyAB TTENOC THC nxc. 



Eead ETToyxHoyr. 




86 OyEPKCDMlON EAqTAOyoq NXE JTlMAKAplOC 

OyMONON NOOq MMAyATq AN AAAA gANKEMHO) 

N\j/yXH [Ayi]E<n AmxAoM EBoAgnroTq N^ 
NpoMm ETAqAiToy EyEpBACAM^iN Anoq NAI 

AE E0)0>n NTH HOC EpgMOT NAN NTTEqEMl 
HMHl TFNFp^EAmC XE TENNAOyODN^Oy NOD- i 
TEN EBOA bEN niENPCDMlON NEM NIKETAIO 
ETtfbd NTE niXODpt NAeAwTHC Oyog TTIMATOI 

NTE nxc ntXnoc rEO)pnoc TUMEAITODN EeoyAB 
oyog NPENNEOC KErAp -fgynoeycic XH NAN 
E^PHI EpnpoApontN 1 ) MMOI EGPITAMODTEN E^CDB i 
NIBEN XAweoac OA^HT oyNoq Epoi H(J)ooy MMA- 
^. cyo) oyog qriEpoyor (sic) NW Enigoyo EepiCAxi 

EnTAlO HTTIWO^ NpEqEpOyCOtNt (])H ETOyEpOJAl 

NAq M(j)ooy t>EN -foiKoyMENH Twpc mXrioc 

TEODprtOC <|)H EpE noC EpMEGpE t>ApOq fc>EN 1 
OyANAcy EqXO) HMOC MnAlpH^ XE +0)pK HMOl 
HMIN HHOl NEH OAICDT NArAGOC NEM TTlTTNA 
EGOyAB 2CE fc>EN ITXINMICI THpq NTE NlglOMl | 
MMON ^)H ETONl NICDANNHC nipEq+CDHC OyO | 
ON t>EN niTAPMA THpq NTE NIHApTypOC MMON 5 
<J>H ET^Nl MMOK OyAE ON NNE OyON Cy0>ni 
EqONl MMOK 0}A ENEg AAAA EKEOJODHl EK^OCl | 
E^OTE pODOy THpOy t>EN TAMETOypO EyEM 
EpOK THpOy KE TECDpriOC HlMENplT NTE 
ET^OCl i'EpgO'f AE 0) NAMENpA^ E 
NCAXl EHTAIO NHAl NtOJ^ N(j)0)CTHp 
NXO)pl NTAl MAIH ElCCOOyNOy N9METgHKl 
NHANOyC. NEM 0METAC0ENHC NnACAXl ET2CO- 



Read EEpnpOTpEHlN. 



NEmCKOTTOC ABBA OEOkOTOC. 



87 



XEB XE ^NAUJCJWg AN EJTO)l NTE TTEqTAlO ET(TOCI 

yEM TTEqAPouN ETCOTTT AAAA iEpgynoMEWN 
yog fEpgEAmc Enoc XE qwAoycopn NHI 
NtAKTIN NNOyanW NTE TTlXCDpl ETEMMAy 

109. E0poyEpoya)tNi ETTAgHT oyog NToyfEpoyoT 5 

MHAi\AC ETXOXEB glNA NTAXO) NgANKOyXl 
fc>EN TTEqTAlO NmAAOC HMAlXpC KETOt TXIN- 
CAXl MnTAlO MnAl X0>pl ^)Al 0) NAM 

qcAna)0)i NHEyi NIBEN Npami ET^IXEN 

MA^lCTA nA^AC ET9EBlH()yT ANOK ^)H ETOyCDCy 10 
EXO) MnTAlO MHAl X0)pl MHAprypOC EOOyAB 

niXrioc rEoaprtoc qEpNXpiA NNoyco(|)iA EBoA- 

gtTEN nUC NEM OyAAC NTE NAT(J)E OyOg XE 
NTEqO)TEMXA \\ E<})A^Oy t>EN NtNl^ 

ET^bct NTE niAeAnTHC oyo^ Nxcopi i.^ 

NPENNEOC ETEMMAy ntAPlOC TECJOprtOC NAl 
EpATOy NHEM00 NOyON NIBEN 
TEqNl(^T NgynOHONH NEM TEqMETXCOpl 

oy^oyTAioq HE Egpm gixEN eoyi eoyi 

NNl METXODpl ETAqAlTOy bEN NINIO)^ Nt>lCl 20 
NEM OyMHO) NNAPCON EyOU^ NAl EO)0)n NTE 
HOC t Mnipwt NAN TENNAXA gANKOyXl NCDTEN 
E#pW ^NOy AEO)C EBOA Nt>HTOy AytC XE 
'f'NOy NTENXO) NCOTEN Efcpm NNH ETANXOTOy 
EGBHTq N00q TTAl X0)pl MMATOl NTE HXC 25 

mXpioc PEcappioc AO) XE NAI NE HEqNA^-f 

ETCOyTCDN Et>OyN E$^- A(fNE gAl MMET^HTB 
TEq^EAniC ETTAXpHOyT TEqAPAHH NATMET- 
0)OBl TEqMETO)ENgHT Et>OyN EOyON NIBEN NEM 
HPENOC THpq NTE f METpODMl TEqMETpEMpAyO) 30 



88 oyFrKODMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApia>c 



FTTICCDNT THpq WKOyXl NFM 

TFqMFTXpC TFqMFTArAGOC TEqMFTFTTlKVIC 
TFqXINAMONl NTOTq FBOA A TTltflgpAq NTS 

TTAI BIOC TFqnpogFpFCic FGNACFC oyog 

H eHETAT(TcJDpTn (sic) 

FpATq nni^iKACTHpiON 
xcopi reqxiNCAxi JDFN oynAppHCiA 

NNtOypODOy A^NF ^Al NO)im IF^O'f' NpCOHl 
THpqAN goAcDC KATACppH't' FTAqXOC NXF 

qFp\j/AAiN ^Ayi^ Fqxo) MMOC XF NAICAXI NNFK 10 
MFTMFepFy MnFM0o NNioypcooy oyo^ NAto)tm 
AN np TFqgyrroMONH FboyN FNIBACANOC fc>FN 
oyNic^r NpcDoyr N^HT NFM nccoxn NNtFHKAyg 

NAl FTAqFp^ynOMONlN 1 ) FpCDOy FXFN (j)pAN 

MriFNoO THC nxc. 

NAl FTANNAXA gANKOyXl NCDTFN F^pHl Nt>H- 
fol. 110. TOy KATA ^pnf FTANXOC CATH HnmpOOlHlON 
NAl FTAqCCOTFM FOBHTOy F+ CHH HMAKAplON 
FTFMMAy NTF HOC FCXO) HMOC XF N6O)TFN 
fc)A NH FTAyO^l NFHHl t>FN MAHlpACMOC M^pwt 20 
FTAqCFHNl NFHHl NXF TTAICDT NNOyMFTOypO 
ANOK gO) ^NACFMNl NFMCDTFN NNOyHFTOypO 
NNATKHN OyOg NATBO)A FBOA O^A FNFg OyO^ 
ON XF TETENNAOyCJDH NTFTFNCO) NFMHl t>FN 
TAMFTOypO F0BF 0AI CHH OyN FOMFg NpAO)l 25 
HnAlpH^ NFM Ey(|)pOCYNH NNIBFN A niMAKA- 

pioc rpouprioc FFpoyor Fi>oyN FniXrcoN N^oyo 

NFM niFp(j)HFyi NTF NIAPA6ON FTFMMAy NAyO- 



Eead FTAqFpeynOMFNIN. 



NFTTlCKOnOC ABBA BFO&OTOC. 89 

po NNibict ACIAI NNAgpAq np oyog NTFqqAi 

tA 0)B NIBFN t>FN oyFpOyOT F6BF 

mppoyoT ajami Fpoq NO>B NIBFN t>FN 

OyO MTTApF #Al N0)B 1)TAN 
FTCOyTO)N F0BF NlblCl TAp NTF HAl MA Ay- 
NAq NNIAPAOON flTF TT1FO)N FGNHOy Oyog 
AyCOB'tNAq HTTIXAOMN ATAo)M 

o)A FNF^ N^pwi fc>FN Ni^Hoyi oyo^ C^A 

TFNCO)K AniCAXl 0)A ^NOy 0) NAMFNpA'h 

ninpooiMio[N] finATFNXo) F^pwi O^A ^Noy 10 

NNtFMKA^ FTTAlHOyT NO)OyUpO)(j)Hpl MMO)Oy 
NTF niO)0)lX NpFqt FXFN ^MFTFyCFBHC niA0- 

AHTHC MMAprypoc NTF nxc niXnoc rFo>p- 
noc. Aytc XF "tnoy NTFNXO) Fpo>TFN NNH 

FTANXAy FbpHl NFM NH FTFNNAXOTOy ON 15 

HFNFNco)oy. Aco)com &F fc>FH ncwoy 
NOC mwu)^ NNoypo NTF NinFpcwc 
FTAq<5i HniFpo)io)i FeppqAMONi FXFN ^owoy- 
MFNM Twpc. Oyo^ Ay2foc FGBF moypo NTy- 

pANOC FTFHMAy XF AqO)O)ni NKOCHOKpATO)p 20 
gtXFN TTIKOCMOC THpq AA^A NAqCO)OyNOy AN 
TTF MnmANTOKpATO)p HHHl (J)H 

rupq (]) FTAql" NAN MnAiFpo)io)i 

FpF ^N 1 ^ 1 ^NOyON NIBFN fc>FN 

NAqoooyNoy fieoq HF N(})io)T N^KAKIA 25 

mAlABOAoC (|)H FTFp())eONlN FFTFNrFNOC 
NCHOy NtBFN. fy&l ^F t>FN HXlNGpFqNAy 

feniNAer NTF nxc FqNuoy NNAAIAI HMHNI 

1>FN niKOCMOC THpq AqMOg NXO^ MMAO)0) 

nnioypo NACFBHC FTFH 30 



90 oyprKCDMtON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKAptoc. 

fol. 111. MAY ^AMANOC. <j)H FTFMMAy qgODOy MMAU)0> 

FBoA oy^F 1 (sic) TTKA^I Tnpq EAq^ FNU^OT 
NHFqgHT M(]>pH't N(j)ApAo> NTTiCHoy FAqToy- 

NOC OyNlO)^ N&KDrMOC FXFN NlXpHCTHANOC 

THpoy. Oyog Aq^HHci AqcbAi NNoynpoc- 5 

TAPMA FBOA fc>FN 'foiKOyMFNH THpC OyO^ NAl 
AF NH NF NH FTCfc>HOyT N^HTq XF FTTlkH A 
OyO)1Nl 4>0^ FNAMAO)5C KF (j)H FTA MAplA HICl . 

HHoq N0oq nF FToy[oy]o)(^T nnoq oyo^ 
niAnoAAo)N MFH nocircoN NFM mppMnc NFM 10 

Hl^FyC NFM ^ApTFMlC NFM nCO)Xn N 
CFOy(JDO)T HMCDOy AN ^)H FTA NlOyd)NO) 

g.coAcM oyo^ Ni[i]oy^At boeetq weoq HF 
FToy[oy]a)(^T HMoq oyog Fya)FMc^i MMoq NXF 
oyoN WBFN Fycon (])Ai ne nipw-f F^C^AI NODTFN is 
Nioypoaoy rwpoy NTF nmocMOc Twpq NAI FpF 

niAMAl WTF TAMFOTypO XW glXCDOy XF glNA 
NTFTFNl (^ApOl THpoy NFM NFTFNMHO) ITF KO- 
MHC ITF CTpATnAATHC ITF MATOl ITF GplBOy- 
1B. NOC ITF nAPANOC XF glNA NTFTFNFMl XF Oy 20 

TTF Ffoycpo) Fa^FNGHNoy Fpoq ANOK oyo Aqoy- 

0)pn NNinpOCTAPMA FBOA t>FN HIKOCMOC THpq 

oyo^ nAipw^ AyecDoyf- gApoq NXF ^e NNoypo 

NH FTXH fc>FN niKOCMOC THpq NFM (j)MHU) Mni- 

oyAi moyAi MMcooy oyo^ Ayi Twpoy u)Apoq 25 

NHXCDK NF NpOMHl FTAy())Oe 2S.F Fpoq A nKAgl 
THpq 0)90pTFp F6BF HAC^Al NNIMHO) FTOO) 
MMAO)0) OyO^ NAT6lHm MMCDOy F0NFMO)Oy 



Eead. FBoAoOTF. 



NFniCKOTTOC AT3BA 9FO&OTOC. 



91 



oyog FTAqNAy Fpo>oy NXF mrypANNOC FT- 
gGDoy FTFMMAy AygiToy FTTFCHT Ayoycaa^T 
MMoq oyo# Ayf NNoy^copON NAq Aqtfici NXF 
MMAO^U) Aq^FMgFM M^pw^ NNoyMoyt 

AqFpXplCTON NFMCDOy NO NF^OOy FO)- 5 

FgAl AAAA NAqFpXptCTON HHHNl 
OF OyO HFNFNCA HlO NF^OOy AqgPHCl IXFN 
niBHMA NXF niACFBHC NNOypO &A&IANOC 
niAGNOyl- NATgHT NFM niKFfG NFMAq OyOg 

NAytpi NO NNoypo NAONoyt oyo^ AqepoyiNi 10 

;-l. 112. NAq NNIC0BA1 THpOy THpOy (sic) NBACANICTH- 
NFM gAN^lKACTATON NFM gAN&lKANOCNFM 
NFM gANCHqi NpOB NFM ANBA- 
0)0yp NFM gANTpOXOC NFM ANAA6"oy NBFNim 
NFM gANKACIC NMOT NFM ^ANXAAlUON NBA- 15 
pO)9 NFM g^NCHqi NXOXAAC NFM ^ANXIX 
NBFNmi FyoyODTFN NNtKAC MMODOy NFM AN- 
00K NpO)q NBAO^Oyp NFM gANNACTHplON NNAM- 
0)F FpF CAboyN MMCDOy MFg NBFNINI FyXHp 
NFM TTIKFCOOXTT FTF MnFNXOTOy THpOy NAl 20 
FNAyCFBTCOT NTOTq NUlACFBHC fc>A2CFN niF^OOy 
FTEMMAy OyO^ AqFpANACy NXF HlTypANNOC 

NNoypo Fqxo) MMOC NTTIKF 50 NNoypo NFM 
NoycrpATFyMA rwpoy XF Fcycon NTF TAXIK 

XlMt NNOyAl bFN HIKOCMOC THpq FqOl N^HTB 25 
F^OyN FmO)FMO)l NTE NlNOyf FTAN^ONeEN 
FGBHTOy C^FniKpATOC N.TF TAMFTOypO [o)F] 
N MMOq fc>FN NAl THpOy FTXH 
NTTAFM00 FBoA. OyOg tNAboMbFM MHl- 

nyproc NTFCXODC NToyX4)F oyo^ NTABICI NNI- so 



92 oyprKCDMiQN FAqTAoyoq NXF niHAKApioc. 

cwqi NTFpAToy oyog NTAINI NnoyANKF<])AAoc 
FBoA fc>FN noytyAi NeorrFN &F ^CDTFN CD woy- 

pODOy NFM Oy ON MBFN F0CO)TFM FpOl M<j)00y MA- 
0)F NGOTFN THpOy OyO)O)T NNlNOyf- FTTAlHOyT 
^N A NTFTFN(Tl NNOyeoy 6 TAIO FBoAeiTOTC NTA- 
MFTOypO OyO^ MM FTNAFpATCa)TFH f4CFMA^ r |- 
F[T]HC ^)H FTA NUOyAAl FpCTAypCDNIN HMOq 
0)F TTAMAgl NTF TFNHFTOypO NFM 
TAA(])F KF fNA^pn NNAC10BAI 

fc>FN noycNoq NTF noyccoMA NFM ntCNoq K 
NTF Noya)npi NFM woyc^Fpi FTgoAx oyog 

HTAO)Al NNH FTO)On MO)Oy THpOy NTApO)K<3 

NNoyecoMA fc>FN mxpcuM FyoNb Nioypcooy AF 
NFM NoyMucy AygiToy fetpw THpoy Ayoyoaa)^ 
FTCoq oyog oyoN NIBFN FTMHN u 

FTAyCODTFM AyBO)A FBoA t>FN OygO^ FOBF 
NXIMCJDN FTAqTODNq FXFN NIFKKAWCIA 

fol. 113. NTF nxc oyog nAipw^ A r^ NpoMni CINI 
gixFN niKocMoc rwpq finp gAi N\]yyXH FproA 

MAN FXOC FBOA bFN pO)q XF ANOK OyXpHC 2 

TiANOC-NAqa)on np NXF oyNicyf NFMKA^ NgwT 

FqOO) t>FN niKOCMOC THpq MMON <|)H FT(|)lpl 
F^)pAN MITOC FBOA fc>FN pO)q HF Oy XF HF 
FTAqO)0)ni MFNFNCA NAl CCJDTFM NTATAMODTFN 

Fpoq niCHoy XF oyN d) NAMFNPA^ FepiiNi 2 

NGOTFN FOMH^ NniO^OyTAlOq 0\0^ NNAPODNIC- 

THC NTF nxC THC TTAI TyNATOc (sic) 

OAl MAprAplTHC MMHl NTF fy*\- 

NBFpl FTAqO)Alpl FKOAlAG FTF ITtklABoAoC 

NFM NFq^FMODN FTgODOy TTAI pH NTF 'I'MFO- 3 



NFmcKonoc ABBA GFOAOTOC. 



93 



MHI k>FN eMwt NT<|)F HAI FTA nFqMoyF NFM 
NFqAKTiN FpoycoiNi FTTIKOCMOC Tvipq Fycon 



FTF (|)Ai TTF (|)H FTFNFpO)Al NAq M(j)00y t>FN 

niKocMOc THpq niAnoc rFcoprioc niMENprr 

NTE <j) r t" NFM NFqXrTFAoC NF OyFBoA HE 

TXO>pA NNIKATTTTATOKIA TTO^Hpl 

N^OCHoAlC FAGEMTON MMOq NXF TTEqUDT FqOl 

111 

NOpeO&OJOC FTXHK FBOA NKAAo)C OyO AqCODXn 
F(|bFN 1^- NpOMHl NFM KFCCDNl NC^lMl 

-tOY"}- NNoyi MMcooy XF KACIA 1~KFoyi 10 

MAOpCDNA NF OyON OyNlO)^ NOydA 

TTF gANNOyb NFM OygAT FqO(y 
ANNEBIAIK N^OyT NEM gANBtt>Kl NCglMl 
MMAO)0) gANTFBNOOOyi pyoo) EOlgOyO 

gecDp FyTAiwoyT ^ANNFCODOY MMONTOYHHI 

AnAoOC MMON ^ FTONl MMO^Oy HE t>FN 
AlCTlNH THpC NEM NFC60U) EpE TOyBAKl 
MEt MMOOOy HE F6BF NINIO)^ NHFON ANEy ETOytpl 
MMODOy NFM OyON NIBEN OyO MFNFNCOOC 

Ayecoo) NNOYEHAOXOC FTXCDDA fifnAAicTiNH 20 

i *** \ I 

N(j)to)T MniXnoc TFCDpnoc oyog NE 

ITF EMAC^O) HE EqCO)OyNOy MTJl- 
TAIO NniGMHl NFM eMETFyPENHC 
OyO NF MMON O)Hpl O)0n NAq FJF 
FOya)Fpl NC^lMt FCXH fc>FN pOMHl CNOyf NE- 25 

gooy oyo^ ETAqi EhoyN E'f-noAic fc>EN oyNicy't 

14. NTAJIC FCOO) KATA TTEqAKlO)MA NFM HTAIO 

NTEqMFTNic^'f- Aqoyoopn AqiNi AniXAoy FeoyAB 
niXrioc rFcopnoc Aqi<})i Epcoq NNoyNta)f 

NNAy FqplMl F0BF HlXlNOyODTEB FBOA NTF 30 



94 oyFPKOHtON FAqTAOyoq NXF TTlMAKAplOC. 



OyO MFNFNCCDC AqgO FTFqMAy 

FepFCTmq NAq NTFqa)a>m NAq Nujnpi oyog 

NTFqbOKq NCTpATHAATHC FXFN TIIHHU) THpq 

FONFMAq oyog ACTHiq NAq Aqoyoopn MMoq 
fmoypo NFH p HMATOI MFMAq oyo^ Aqcfc>At 
FpATq Anoypo FqTAHoq FnpqTAio NFM GMF- 
NNFqio r |~ noypo AF FTAqcba) 

AqpAO)t MMAC^O) Fpm 

rFcoprioc oyog nAipwt Aqbouq 
THC 2 IX ^ N wji) HMATOI oyog AqcbAi fmFq- K 
pAN Feppq^i wr t^a)o NNOMICMA KATA ABOT 
xcopic NFqkwMOctON FTAyXAy NAq FBoA oyo^ 
Aqoyopnq o)\ niFTTApxoc JSFN oyNic^-t N(])OBOC 
NBAcAiKON oyo^ FTAqi FhoyN FnFqwi A fno- 
Aic THpc NFH niFnApxoct FBoA t>Axa>q oyo n 
AyoAq Fboyw FnFqwi i>FN oymia)^ fipAO)i 

FOFqpACt AF A TFqHAy Ctt>p FBoA NNOyNlO) r f- 
NAplCTON N^noAlC THpc NlpAHAO NFH NlHKl 

Fycon NigcJDoyr NFH NI^IOMI MKoyxi NFH 

NINIO)'!- OyOg ACCCDp FBoA NNOyHHO) NXpHMA 2 
NAO)0)Oy NNlXHpA NFH NlOp())ANOC HFNFNCO)C 
ACeCDgFH HmFITApXOC NFH HFqHHO) THpq 

oyog Acipi fepoaoy NNoyNic^f NNApiCTON Nr 
NNF^ooy nifenApxoc AqcbAi NniXrioc rFoap- 

TIOC NO^Hpl NAq NFH KAwpONOMOC NTTFTFNTAq 2 

Twpq oyog Aqa>n &F NTFqcyppi NAq FycgiMi 
oyo^ AqAiq ON NOG IXFN npqni Tnpq oyog 

NAqXH NFHAq glXFN NlF^BHOyi NTF ^HFTOypO 

oyo^ NAqa)on NFHAq np C^A HXCDK FBoA Nlf 
Nponni NF^ooy np FTAqxox K AF Nponni 



NFmcKonoc ABBA GFO&OTOC. 



95 



niAnoc rpcuprtoc oyog Aqo)o>m 

NkHNATOC FqXOp MMAO)O) PF O)C&F NTFq- 

o)0)m NnoAFMApxoc t>FN nmoAFMOc NF 

MMON gAl OF t>FN MAplGMOC THpoy HF MMA- 
115. TOl FqGFNGCDNT Fpoq bpN 'f'XOM NFM ^MFT 
BFpl OyO^ NApF ntgMOT NTF $-t O)0n NFMAq 
HF OyO NAq^ CAl NFM XOM NAq TTF 
NH FONAy Fpoq NTOyFpO)<j)Hpl F^pHl 
TFqXOM NFM TFqMFTBFpt OyO FO^COH 

go)A FnmoAFMOc NAqoi Ngo 1 !" np NNH FGNAy 10 
Fpoq NFM NH Fe^oyBnq oyog o)App 
ga)A FboyN np MHFMGO FBoA 

(sic) NTF NFqXA2Cl FpF TFqCHqi 60KFM t>FN 
TFqXIX FqXO) MMOC NODOy 2CF ANOK HF 

noc niMFAiTo)N ic ^nnnp A it 
oyxcoNT oyog bFN ^-oyNoy o)App 

MMlO)l gFt FBOA t>FN NOyXlX 

o)Aqo)Aipi Fpcooy THpoy NTFqcbAi N 

AirAcDC NApF HOC XH NFMAq nF fcFN 

MCDIT Tnpoy np niXnoc AF FTAqxoaK N K 20 
NpOMni FBoA A niFnApxoc qtpCDoyo) Fpoq FG- 
ppqtpi Nnpq^on NFM TFqc^Fpt oyo# NAqFMi 
AN pco np xp ppp nxc pootc Fpoq NAq NNoy- 

rATtypAFT PqTOyBHOyT NnApGFNOC OyO FTl 

e. pqMOKMPK NNAI fc>FN npq^HT NXF nipnAp- 25 

kxOC FAqMTON MMOq fc>FN noC AqC(JD2ttT M(j)H 
FTFNTAq THpq MTTlMAKAptOC TFCDpriOC nF 
ovop, A i^t niXrAGoc oyo)O) FCCDK o)Apoq 




Read UApFMBoAn. 



96 oyFrKomtoN FAqxAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 



M17AI Nlttrt NfcWNATOC MTTAlpH'f gtNA NTF 

TTFqpAN FeoyAB <fto)oy N^pm Nbwrq oyog TTAI- 

Aq0pF ITAl CO(fNl (j)Al FTCOyTGDN I FXFN 
FqXO) HMOC XF 1C HTTrfF AlCODTFM XF 

A &A2UANOC noypo GCOOY^" NKFMHO) fiNoypo 5 

NFMAq t>FN COp ^BAKl F6BF NieCOO) NTF m- 
KOCMOC ^NATCONT WTA^l NHl N^ANTAlO NFM 

O)Apa)Oy NTATHlTOy 

oyog NTAFPFTIN HMcaoy pepoyAir 

E(j)MA HNAlO't FTAyClHt CATOTq 10 

Aq^t w^ANXpHMA Fyoc^ NFM oyMHO) 
oyo^ AqTAAcaoy uoyxoi N0oq NFM 
oyo^ Aq^coA a^A NioypcDoy FTAq- 
Fpoaoy fixp niXnoc Aqxa) NNFqX- 
fol. 116. AoDoyi t>FN nixoi NFH t^yAw rnpc oyo^ is 
nAipwt Aqt Fna)0)t FepFqFpXnANTAN FNioy- 
pouoy fia)opn oyo^ FTAqFpXnANTAN 

NOC niANOMOC OyOg AqNAy FNUAaA 

H60 FBOA FpF NlpCDMl TA^F By CIA NCDOy FIT- 

NCnoy^H AqTOUMT t>FN 2C 

ITF NNoyNia)^ NNAy oyo^ HF- 

2CAq fc>FN NFqMFyi XF OyFpOl ^NOY TTF FTAIXO) 
NUAHl NCCOl MFM TACA1F NHoAlC HMAlXpU 
9AI FTOyO)FMO)l Nt>HTC NROC flT())F NFM nt- 
KAl NniF^OOy NFM OlFXODp^ NTAt O)A MAI 2.' 
HApANOMOC FTgO)Oy NAl FTAyXO) NCCDOy 
NnoU Aya)FMU)l NTTCA&ANAC IF Oy FpOl pO) 
TTF XF NTAKOD-f NCA OyMFTKOMHC NTOTOy 
NNAl AGNOyt NnApANOMOC. ANA0FMA NNAt 
HApANOMOC NAl FTCOq NFM TOyMFTOypO 3 



NFmcKonoc ABBA GFOAOTOC. 



97 



NFMODOy <J)Al FGNACINI MTTATF FCKl O)0)m OyO 

AIFMI XF TTOC neTMAcyonr Fpoq ^NAKorf- NCA 

MFTOypO ANOK AN NTF TTAl KOCMOC FGNATA- 
KO AAAA AtNAKOr}- NCA TMFTOypO NTTAuC 
IHC ITXC 6AI P8MEN [sic] FBoA O)A FNFg ^NATAC- 
KA. 601 AN ^F FTATToAlC O)A TAMAy 

KATA 17AO)Nfc> t>FN HAl KOCMOC AAAA 

ntc FnAoc TTO nxc GAi 1 FTHHN FBoA O^A F 

XF qNA^" 2COM NHl fc>FN TFqHFTArAGOC NTA- 
MOy 2 l ^P N TTFqpAN FGOyAB qNAO)Al NNAKAC 10 
FTTAMANXCDlAl FTglXFN HKA^l NKFCOH NTOy- 

XAy t>FN niFM^Ay NTF NAIO^- FTAYFNKOT 

FTAqKHN FqFpMFAFTAN fc>FN NAl fc>FN 

oyoe AqTACQoq FTTIXOI O^A NFqFBiAm 

AqTAHODOy F^ODB NIBFN FTfe>FN nFq^HT WGCOOy 15 

FpOq FyKO) HHOC 2CF HFNOC ICXF 
nFTO)On MApFNTACGON FTFNnoAlC 
NFM ni^Ol OyOg NTTFp XA \l EMt FpON XF 
FTANl FRAl MA FGBF Oy Oyo^ HF^F niAPlOC 
N0)0y XF NNFCO^ODni MMOl ICXFN 'i'NOy FTAC- 20 
GOl FHAHl OyO^ NNANAy FngO NTAMAy NKF- 
COn AAAA AINAMOy NTTAl MA ZIXSH TTlpAN 
FGOyAB NTF HAOC tHC TTXC noypo NT(|)F NFM 
nKAgl NFM NHFTCATTFCHT NnKAgl HOC wfK- 
THCIC THpC ^NOy XF 6i NODTFN NTOT NTFTF- 25 
NFyAFyGFptA NTFTFNMFTpFMF OyOg 0>pK NHl 
M$^ niTTANTOKpATCDp MMHt XF NNFTFNKFT- 
, GHNOy 0)A HAHl flKFCOn FTl FION^ MHnCOC 



Eead. 



13 



98 oyFrKGUMioN FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 

NTF TAMAy NFM NACNHOy FMl FTTAtt)tNl NTOyFN 

noynoy Ncooy MMAyAroy AAAA <Ti NCDTEN 

NNOyMFTpFMgF OyO AAlOyi NOUTFN Nf^ 
NNOyB N(j)OyAl (j)OyAl NHODTFN NFH 
OyO^ MAO)F NODTFN FntHODlT FpETF- 

t>FN niKocHoc rwpq xcopic TAnoAic 

MMAyATC OyO^ Fa)O)TT NTFTFNCONb NTFTFN- 
CCJDTFM XF AtMOy Apt ^ArAHH F0BF HOC NTF- 
TFNKO)C HnACCDHA OyOg NTFTFNoAq FTATTOAlC 
MAt 2kF FTAyCCOTFM FpCOOy NXF NlXAoDOyt K 

ntNA[i]ATq rFcoprio^ oyo^ AypiMi Nr4oy- 

NNAy MFNFNCCDC Aya^FHTOTq oyAl AF 

wt>HToy MnpqTAceoq F+ocnoAic O)ATF 

(|)H FGOyAB XO)K FBOA r &F FBOA fc>FN mX- 

Acooyi AygFMCi NFM (])H FeoyAB fc>FN cop u 
f BAKI FepoyFpeFopiN NnFqArcoN oyo^ niHA- 

KAplOC AF AqCCOp FBOA NNlXpHMA FTOO) 
FTAqFNOy NNI^HKl NFM WXCDB NFM NITAIO 

FTAqFNoy NMoypcooy Aqcopoy FBoA THpoy 

NNHFTFpt>AlF O)A F^pHl FNFqKF^BODC HMIN 2 

MMoq -AqTHiroy NNH FTBHO) oyog Aqqoxq 

FeMH't NNIACFBHC NNOypCDOy AqCOC^ FBOA Fq- 
XO) MMOC XF ANOK OyXpHCTHANOC MnAppH- 
ClA OyOg "tFpgO-t AN fc>ATgH NNFTFN AHONIA 

d) NioypoDoy NTF n^wxoNC NFTFNNOY^ rAp 2 

AN&FMO)N we NlNOyt T^Ap FTFMTTOyGAMtO 
NT^)F NFM niKA^l MApOyTAKO FBOA CAHFCHT 
NT(j)F THpC NFM OyON NIBFN FTOy[oy](JDO)T 

MMCDoy FpF XH Fpo)oy po)oy ErAqxoya)T AF 
w Fxcoq NXF ni^pAKODN NTF (j>Moy Nooq si 



NFniCKOTTOC ABBA 6FOAOTOC. 



99 



AA&IANOC TTIANOHOC FTAqNAy FpOq FqXHN 

i>FN riFqccoMA FqcAtouoy t>FN npq^o H^pwi- 
imiNt NmiO t>FN nFqoyonNi oyog NAqcFA- 

CO)A THpq TTF t>FN FJFqCHONT OF M(j)pH't' 
NNOyX/NABACTpON NANAMHl fWAOApOC FqTOy 5 

BHoyr oyog AqFMi fc>FN foyNoy XF oypyrFMHC 
nF pyo^ wo)Hpi NTF NtFnApxoc FTtfoct oyog 
AqrcDNq t>FN royNoy Aqogi FpATq {DFN oy- 

118. TCOMT OyO NAqOl NO)(])Hpl NTFqHFTBFpl NFH 

TFqtfiNFpoyo) FT^oAx Aqepoyo) nFXAq NAq 10 

XF ANON THpFN TFNO)On IXFN nKAg 
FBoAt>FN HFONANFq NIBFN NTF NlNOyi" 
TFNO)On NGUOy MMFNplT MMAO^O) OyOglC 
N00K gO)K KMn FpOM t>FN TTITAIO NFH 
NlO) r |- OyOg KXOyONg 1 FBOA t>FN UFKCHONT 15 
FONANFq XF N00K OyNlO)^ FqTAlHOyT MMAO)0) 
OyOg AplFHl NAK f NOy 0) TTlMFNplT (J)Al FTAl- 
MFNpF nCAl NTF HFqgO XF 1C f ^ NpOMTTl M(j)00y 
ICXFN FTAl^FMCl t>FN HAl MA ANOK NFH TTAl 
^9 NNOypO NAl FTAlGOyCDTOy FBOA fc>FN 20 

nmocHOc rwpq oyo NnpnccorFH NKFCHH 

NHAlpH^ fc>FN niKOCMOC THpq 1C T^ NpOHm 
XF XpHCTHANOC FBwA F^NOy FOBF <|)Al AlFHl 
t>FN HAgHT XF N90K OyNlO)^ FTTAlHOyT OyO^ 
KXOp bFN TFKXOH NFH nAO)Al NTF NFKXpHHA 25 

NnFCFpHFAtN NAK i>A Nioypcooy 

FTKOat FpO)Oy ^NOy XF HApF 
Oya>N NAK FBOA 0) ^>H FTTAlHOyT XF ANON 



Sic; read 



loo oyETKCDHtON EAqrAoyoq NXE niHAKApioc. 

KB. HHAyATEN AN tA NlOypODOy TIE 17E ETAK 
fa^ODO) NAN AAAA NlKENOyt NklKEON AK^O)^ 

Noaoy ga>oy EGBE <j)Ai XE -fNoy TTETECOJE Epou 

EGpEKEpHETANOlN OyO NTEKTACG'OK bEN 
HEK^HT NTEKOyd)0)T NNlNOy^ EGpOyXO) NAK 5 
EBOA NNEKCpOpn NMETATEMl ANON AE fc>A NlOy- 
pCDOy TENNAO)0)TT EpON NEMAK M^pwl" NNOy- 
0)Hpl NMENplT NTAN OyO^ KNA^l EBoA ^tTOTEN 
THpOy NEM NlNOyf NNOyNlO)^ NTA10 NEH 
OyAKlO)MA (sic) NBAClAlKON EepEKO^ODTTI NEHAp- 10 

xoc gi^EN rf NnoAic NTE muocMOC NEH 

NOyXCDpA fc>EN MAI NIBEN ETEKO^ AO)Oy fc>EN TTl- 

KOCMOC Twpq AqEpoycb NKE niNAiATq AAwecoc 
niXnoc rEcopnoc nEXAq NAq XE Kc[g]oyopT 

N00K NEH NAl nApANOHOC ETNEHAK NEH 15 
NEKlkO)AON ETCOq NAt ETEKHOyf EpCDOy XE 
NOyf- gANNOY^- AN NE AAAA gANAEHODN NE 
EKETAKO N80K NEHODOy EyCOH HOypO ^E Aq- 
XO)NT fc>EN OyENBON (sic) HEXAq NAq XE AlCAXl 

NEHAK ^CDC M^PH^- NNoytcoT NEH nEqo)wpi 20 

fol. 119. Oyoe AttcO(5Nl NAK ETTEKTAIO NEH nEKOyXAl 
HHIN HHOK OyO NOOK ^(DK &WC ATKA-f 
NNATgHT AKf(ya)tt) NAN nAHN HATAHOl XE 
N90K Oy EBOA 00)N IE NIH HE nEKpAN IE (j>pAN 
NNEKNOyl" N60K NEH NEKlO't ETAyX(j)OK EHl- 25 
HOCHOC IE Oy TIE ETAKl EGBHTq ntHAKAplOC 
NAqoyODO) AN HE ETAHOq ETTEqpAN 
mNIO)^ NAKJIODHA NTE NEqiO^ HOypO AE NEH 

NiKEoypoaoy rwpoy nExcaoy AniAnoc rEcop- 

TtOC XE TENTApKO HHOK 0) HlXAoy NCAIE 30 



NFTTlCKOnOC ABBA GFOAOTOC. 



101 



NIHC nxC (])Al N90K FTFKMOyf- FpOq NAK 

NNOyf XFXAC NTFKTAMOl FTTFKpAN NFM (])pAN 

NNFKlO-f NFM (J)pAN NTFKTTOAlC IF XF 

NXF NH FTFNOyNK 1 IF OyON CON IF CCDN1 

HAK IF FK(^tNl NCAOy IF FTAKl FTAl noAlC 5 

F9BF oy N<DB ntXnoc AF rFcopnoc/ FTAy- 
TApnoq F(|>pAN nnxc AqoyoDNg Fpcjooy pqxo) 

HMOC XF FniAH ApFTFNTApKOl F^pAN HOA- 
NOyj" HMON 0)XOH MMOl NTAgFn 2^1 Fp(DTFN 
ANOK OyXpHCTHANOC MO)Hpl N XpHCTHANOC 10 
HTTF gAl NXpOX NTHl (^FMO)1 NNU&0)AON FNF^ 

goAcoc oyog HAIODT TTF ANACTACIOC niFnApxoc 

NTF HFAlTlNH TTO)Hpl 2<X){\ HF NICDANNHC niNlO) r |- 
NFlTApXOC NTF TKAnnATOKIA AoiHON FTA 
TTOypO NAy F9MFTXO)pl NnAlCOT ANACTACIOC 15 
AqFpFTlN MHOq ^ITFN NRFqiCOT ICOANNHC 
niFRApXOC NTF ^KAnHATOKlA Aqfc>OKq NFTTAp- 
XOC ^ l ^^ N MFAlTHNH NFM ^TTAAtCTlNH THpC 
NXO)pA FNAqXH TAp TTF t>FN KF NpOMHl NXF 
ANACTACIOC TTAICJDT FTAq(Tl NfHFTFnApXOC 20 

oyog A noypo -f NAq N f NO^O NMATOI FybwK 

FFTFqNOyMFpON HF t>FN nXlNOpFqAHA^l AF 
IXFN ^RAAlCTINH THpC NXODpA OyO^ AqOJtNl 
glTFN NtNlO)^ NTF ^noAlC NCA OyC^lMl FCTAl- 
HOyT KATA ITTAIO NNtMFAlTODN FTCOTH glNA 25 

NTFqoAc NAq fc>FN oyrAHoc NCFMNON oyo# 
nAipw^- AY^CO^NI NAq Fyxco HMOC XF HFNUC 

HMON fc>FN TA1 TToAlC THpC FCFpHpFHl NHF- 



Read FTFNOyK. 



102 oyerKouMioN FAqTAoyoq NXF niHAKApioc. 



fol. 120. KAK10)MA NFM TTITA10 NTF 

FBA F KlpA OFOrNODCTA TO)Fpl N^ONHCIOC 
TTIKOMHC NTF foCHOAlC (])H FTXH fc>A niFpa)l(l}l 
NTF TFKMFTNta)-! Oy TTApGFNOC TAp TF FCXH 

ben TH wponni N(J>OOY oyog MMON gAi fc>FN \ 

TAl XO)pA THpC MMPAITODN FBwA 

eoq ^e AqoyAgCAeNt t>en 

NHFCIODT AIONHCIOC Aqf NAq N 
NNOyB FTP nFCO}l nF NCOn B XODplC 
FNAO)0)Oy NFM eANFBlAlK Ne>OY T l CglMl 10 
OyOg Aql" NAC NgANgBCDC MFM gAN^CJDM NFM 
gANKOl NFM gANMANAAoAt FyOl NNATTyMO- 

CION oyog Aq^irc NAq FycgiMi AqMFNprrc 

MMAO^O) e>CAF NTFqFpncOBO) NfKAnnOTOKlA 

(sic) NFM NEqio^ oyog NTFqcycDni !^FN -f HA- 15 

AlCTlNH U)ATB TTuC XEM UFqc^lNl MMAy FTACX- 
(j)0l AF NAq NXE TAMAy KlpA GFOPNCDCTA 
'i'CyNKAHTlKH AqMOyl" FHApAN XF PFOOpriOC 
KATA ^>pAN N^)10)T NOFqiODT Oyog ACMICI 
NAq ON NXE TAMAy NKFCCONl B^ NCglMl (|)pAN 20 
NNOyi Xf KACIA ^KFOyi XF MAGpCONA AqFM- 
TON MMOq NXF nAMAKAplOC NICDT ANAC- 
TACIOC TTlFTFApXOC AqXAT Flfc>PN I NpOMTTl 
fc>FN NACCONl FCJ3FN ? NpOMHl r ]"KOyt 

poMni CNoyt MFNENCCOC Ayecocp 25 

NNOyFnApXOC F(j)MA NnAKJDT F HFqpAN HF 

loycroc Aqo)0)m NHI NNoyo)FBid) NnAMAKA- 
pioc NIODT Neoq ON nF FTAqepoyhoKT NCT- 

pATHAATHC FXFN F NU)0 MMATOl OyOg Aq0- 

poyct>F TTAPAN ^ ITEN noypo Fepi^i NP NC^O so 



NFTTlCKOnoC ABBA 8FOAOTOC. 



103 



NNOMICMA KATA ABOT OyO NAqCCDOyNOy 

NNF^AI AN FTP fc>FN TTFqm FBnA F<])H FTFq- 
NAoyoMq NFM (jw FTpqNACoq AAAA ANOK 

HF FTFp2UKlN MriFqAMAl NFM TTFqKFHl OyO 

Aqom NTeqcyppi MHI Fepi^irc t>FN oyrAMOc 5 
NCFMNON Fycon BTI FqnoKMFK Fipi finigon 

FpOl NFHAC A TT00)(y NpCOHl NIBFN p(0m HHOq 
AqClNl NHAl MANXCDlAl NTF RAl BIOC NF<j)- 

Anoy A^ieoMcq t>FN niFMgAY NT ^ HAMAKA- 

plOC NICOT FpF noc ^FHTON MCOOy O)A FNF 10 
AMHN ANOK g(0 AtXCDK FBOA NTA HFTMATOl 
121. NKAACDC OyO^ fc>FN OyCO^Nl NTF NATAXCOpA 
NFM HTMAf NTAHAy FyCOH OyO Al(5l NHl 
N^ANXpHHA NFM gANTAlO Ayi NFMO)Oy t>FN 

oyxoi F(jxm HF FpF NAFBIAIK MOO)I NFHHI HF is 

AU FTAl TTOAlC FOpt^- NCDTFN hA NIOypCJOOy 
NWXpHMA NFH NITAIO XF glNA NTFTFNAIT 
NFTtApXOC F^)MA NNAlO-f FTAyClNl AotTTON 
fc>FN n^lNOptNAy FpCOTFN FTApFTFNXO) NCOD- 
TFN H$t NTF T(j)F NFM HKA^l ^)Al FTAqt 20 
NO)TFN N'f'MFTOypO OyO^ NTFTFNC^FMO^l NHCA- 
&ANAC AIXOC t>FN OAgHT XF MFTOypO NIBFN 
FGNHOy FBOA glTFN HCAkANAC NFM NFqO)Hpl 
FTP NGODTPN fTF MApOyTAKO HAlpH'f- At^ NNIX- 
pHMA NFM NITAIO NNlKOyXl NCNHOy NTW NTF 25 
HAOC 1HC TTXC NAl FTFM(TT)0)A MM(OOy FeOTF 
pODTPN NeCOTFN OyOg All gApODTFN F9plCOl 
NTFTPNMFTCOiT KF ^ANNOY'h AN FJF FpF 
TBNOyO)U)T MMOOOy AAAA gAN2^FMO)N FT0Afc>FM 

NF ic ^wnnF AITAMCJDTFN FHA^CDB THpq xp 30 



104 oyFrKGOMlON FAqTAOyoq NXF TTlMAKAptOC. 






ANOK OyXpHCTHANOC NTTAppHCIA 

FTTAOC 1HC nXC <j)H FTFgNGUTFN AplTq NHt 

Nioypouoy AF FTAyccorFK FBoA^iTorq XF 
FTF NKATTATOKOC oyo XF nu)Hpi 

NFTTApXOC CATOTOy AyFNgOyp 5 
NAq t>FN gANCAXl NKOAAKIA XF Hl- 
ANFMl OyN FnFKTAlO NFH GHFTFy- 
TFNHC NNFKlO-i" ^NOy XF AHOy CODTFH NCCON 
OyOg MApF HFNCO^Nl pANAK AplO)Oya)0)Oya)l 

NNiNoyi- fipeq(Tpo ^INA NTPK^I FBoA ^iroroy 

OyHONON HGHFTFnApXOC NNFKIO'V AAAA TFN- 
NAA1T K NgyrOyMFNOC glXFN HIKOCHOC THpq 

pycon oyo# MFNFNCA Nioypcaoy NGOK HF #INA 

NH FTFKOyAO)Oy NTFKt>OKOy NKOHHC l^FN NlF- 

nApxiA Tnpoy fiTF TTIKOCMOC THpq oyo^ is 

NTOyO)0)m NXF NlgyrFMOW NFM Nl^yrOyMFNOC 
NFH Nl&0y t>A nFKAHA^t J^FN HAl NIBFN 

AqFpoyd) NXF HIGMHI Fqxa> HMOC XF q^cwoy 

HMAO)a) NXF TTAt CO^Nl NTCOTFN (J)Al FT^l 
FTTTAKO NFHODTFN nAHN HATAHOl tt) NIANOMOC 2C 
XF NlM-NNOyl" NTCDTFN FpFTFNOyOO) F6pia)0)T 

fol. 122. NAq oyo AqFpoyd) NXF AAAIANOC XF 

TFODpriOC FGpFKC^ODT NntAnoAAcON (J)H 

NT(])F AqFpoyd) NXF niHAKApioc XF ICXF TTIA- 
m np FTAqicyi NT<|)F a) noypo IF KAAoac 2^ 
Fpoq XF Noyf oyo^ ICXF TTOCITOON nF 

FTAqTAXpO NHlKAgl IF TTAl KFOyAt OyNOyj" ON 
nF KO)lTTl AN 0) niAGNOyf FTCOq m&pAKODN FT- 

JDFN (j)NoyN FKHoyi" F TAI GoyooT N^FMCDN 

FT(fAbFH XF NOYf A^OK AF FGBHTK AN 3< 



MFniCKOTTOC ABBA 0FOM)TOC. 



105 



oy;\F F0BF MFKKFoypcooy 

NFMAK AAAA F0BF MAI MHO) FTOgt FpATOy 

't'MAcjnpi F0BF gAMoyoM t>FM MiXrioc FK00M- 
0FN NTTiAnoAAcDM NMIM d) noypo FKeoNOFN 

MMOq FniNl^ TTFTpOC nANXO)X NNlAnOCTO- 5 
AOC (|)H FTAYt ^Aq NNl(^00)T NTF TMFTOypO 
NNt^HOyt IF FK00N0FN FniNtO)'!- FHAlAC nt9FC- 

Byrnc ^)Ai FTAqo)o)ni NNoyArr 
oyog AybAq FT<J)F fc>FN 
g^pA fieoq OF FTcorn G^AN nocircoN 10 

HF niHArOC FTCOq IF CMApAKTOC FTCOq 4>H 
FTAqFpglK FHlXpCDH FAqa)0)TTl NFM NH FT- 

coq en FToyHoyf Fpoc XF ^MFTIA oyoe AC- 

HlCt NCApA<])lN NpFqi" fc>FN ^^H ^Al ^F F0BF 

NoypgBHoyi precooy AyeiToy Fncya)K M(])toH 15 
oy FTF FTFKMFyi Fpoq CD noypo 

FTAcfc>(OTFB NMTTpO(|)HTHC O)A HAptA 
0FNOC FTtfOCl 0AI FTACMtCl MAM MnFMOC VHC 

nxc dia)tni MAK 'f'Noy cb niATKAi* x? CAM- 

2^FHO)M NF MFKNOyf FT^At>FH OyO^ FTCOq 20 
FTAqCODTFH 2iF FMAM 1 NXF kA&lANOC 

po AqMOg NXCOMT HMAa^a) oyo^ 

F0pOyBAO)q FBOA NNFqFBO)C NAl FTTOl 

oyo^ Aq0poyt>OKq MMoynFptcoDMA 
TFqf ni oyo^ Aq0poyAu)q FniFpMFTA- 25 

plOM MTOy^ODKl HMOq C^ATF MFqKAC 
FBoAt>FM TTFqCCDMA OyO^ MAqXH HF t>FM 

Mponm np MFM f MABOT MF coyAt 



Sic; read. FNAl. 



14 



106 oyErKCDMtON EAqrAoyoq NXE niMAKApioc. 



Moyei TIE mo^opn NE^ooy 

MTiieMm Nbvrrq oyog NApE nEqcoMA EeoyAB 

fol. 123. [oy]oo)EM k>EN oycNoq TIE NAqAMom Nrorq 

NXE TTlMAKAplOC t>EN NAl Epfc>OT ET^OCt MFJAl 

OM Aqep't'OY NNOY^ouoYi NBtNint 5 



qr eoYN smeoooYi oyog 
CEK hA'h HE H^pw't NNOYMCDOY 
ON NAqepOYe lT c] SIXEN nEqcot 

EXEN TEqNEXl NX NKOY^OC O)ATE TEqNE^l 10 

(j)0)fc> OYO^ NH ETCA^OYN MMoq (})a)N EBoA 



TOI Epcooy o)ATE TTEqANKE<j)AAoc (yoyo EBoA 
TTEqo)At EqoyoBU) M^PH^ NniEpo)^ oyo# is 
i>EN NAI THpoy EOBE XE 

NTEq\J/yXH NgpHl Nt>HTq 

ON AqepoyiNi N^ANGOK NBE- 
Nim oyo# NAyoi Npcoq (sic) NBAa^oyp oyog 
AqepoyEp nEqccoMA N^coh ^)0)fc> N^HTOY oyog 20 
>yiNi NNoy^Hoy NEH oy- 

NNATTAC OyOg NCE(j)ONOy l *EN NEqEp- 

yog Aqepoyhi^ NnEqccoHA fcEN NITCOICI 

NqCOl 0)ATE NEqKAC q(D2tt gEl g lx ^ N nKA^l 

NKoyxi Koyxt TTiHAKApioc 2^E AqXATorq 

EBOA nE E(j)MOy AAAA NApE HOC TAXpO NHEq- 

HNA Nt)HTq nE oyo Aqepoyo)Toq 
NO)E Aqepoy^oDTq N K Niqr 
EniifAox NO)E oyog AqepoyqAi MMoq 

Eqoi NATEMI oyo^ NCEoAq Emo)TEKO oyog 



NFmcKonoc ABBA 



107 



NApF 2ANMHO) TTF >FN NH FTO^I FpAroy 

MmFOOy FTFMMAy FyplMl P B ^ CAl NTS 
TFq#yAnKtA NFM TFqMFTBFpl OyO NAyXO) 

MMOC NNoyppnoy TTF XF CD NFH OMFTCAIF 
MHAI XAoy MMFAiTON MSN neopo)pFO) Anuq- 5 

CO)MA FTTAlHOyT FTA NAl TTApANOMOC TAKOq 
NHAl p^t t>FN NAl BACANOC ETboCl MHAl pwf 
FTAyFNOy FXO)q t>FN HAl FKCOpg OyO FTAy- 

gcoA FNoywi NAyxo) MMOC TTF NNoygtoMi NFM 

NOyO)Hpl XF XAHGODC ANNAy fc>FN NFNBAA 10 
N(j)00y NNAO) WpH^ NFM AO) NCMOT CXFAFOM 1 
MApF ^BAKl THpC ^> 1 P 1 ^pOCJ HF MniFXCDpg 
FTFMMAy [A]cO)0)m ^F fc>FN T(j)AO)l 

AqoyoNgq Fpoq fc>FN mo^TFKO NXF 
]. 124. oyArrFAoc NNoycwNi oyog oywio^'t MMONMFN 15 
Aqo)com go)CAF NTF I-BAKI KIM o)A NFCCFNf 
oyog ic noc Aqi F^oyN Fni(yTFKo NFM 

^ANNANOBA 2 NNAFTFAOC FyoyAB NTAq OyO^ 

A TTIMA THpq Moe FBoA ^FN oyceoiNoyqt 
FTCOTH MMA(^o) oyo^ A noc Moy^- Fpoq 20 

MnAlpH^ FqXO) MMOC 2CF HAMFNplT TECOpriOC 
TO)NK FnO)0)t FKFNKOT OyOg FKOyOX MMON ^Al 

NTAKO a^on MMOK fc>FN 

FnO)0)l MMON #At NFMKAg 

Fnrnpq AAAA NAqoi M^pwt NNOYAI FTAq- 25 
FBoAt>FN oyXpicTON NNoypo oyo^ FTAq- 

FHFCHT AqOy(JDO)T MnoC HAtpVlf AqAMONl 



1) Sic; read. CXFkON(?) 

2 ) Sic; read ANANAN9BA. 



108 oyprKGUMioN EAqTAoyoq NXE ntMAKApioc. 

MMoq AqToyoNcq 1 oyo# AqEpAcnA^FCGE 
MMoq oyog Aqeioyi NTEqxix ei*EN nFqccuMA 
THpq AqMAgq NXOM oyog nEXAq NAq XE XEM 

NOM'f' OyO tipOMMOK TTAMENplT ANOK ^U^On 
NEMAK (yATEKta^ini NNAl OypCJDOy NANOMOC 
^(JOpK MMOl MMIN MMOt O) TECOpriOC 
XE M^pH^ NHE OyON TOONq t>EN 
NlglOMl ENAAq EICDANNHC nipEq * 

ME oyoN (ycani t>EN NiMApTypoc 

oyog NE OYON a^coni EqoNt MMOK a)A 10 

1C gHTTTTE XNAEp^ NpOMHl EyEpBACA- 
MMOK NXE HAl O NNOypO NANOMOC 
gANMHO) NXOM OyO^ XNAMOy N f 

NCOTT oyo^ ^NAToynocK oyo^ t>EN niMA^A 
Neon ^NHoy a)ApOK ^IXEN oy(THni NNOYCOINI 15 

NEM NlTArMA NEnCDpANION NEM NinpO(|)HTHC 
NEM NIAITOCTOAOC NEM NIAPIOC MMApTypOC 
Oyog NTA(H NtnApAGHKl ETAl^XAoC EpOK 
ETAqKHN AE EqXO) NNAl NAq NXE TTlCGDTHp 
Aq^ NtglpHNH NAq OyO^ AqMAgq NpAO}l 20 

Twpq AqgcoA Ena)an ENi^noyi NEM NE- 
qArrEAoc NApE niMAKApioc COMC Nccaq HE 
oyog Aqa)0)ni NXE HIGMHI EqpAa)i MMAO)O> 
EqcMoy E^ O^ATE ni(oy)a)iNi a)Ai EGBE NH 
ETA noc xoToy NAq ETA cycopn 2^E ajoam 

N2CE niANOMOC NNOypO NEM NH 



XE niGMHi ONfc> O^AN MMON oyog ETAyoyo)N 
Sic; read. AqTOyNOCq. 



NFmcKonoc ABBA eFOAoroc. 



109 



. 125. AF A(])pa> Nma^TFKo AyNAy FTTIAPIOC Fq6#t 
FpArq Fmu^AnA (sic) NApp npqgo FpoyoaiNi 

H(|)pH r 1- H(J)pH 0yO AyEpO)(|)Hpl MMAU)(JD Ay- 

(foxi AYTAHF Ntoypoooy F^CDB NIBFN oyo^ 

eepoyFNq FXFN HIBHMA oyo^ 5 
nxiNepoyFNq AE MAqxco MMOC np XF 
nANoyf MA-feeHK Fpoi FOBF oy nA- 

FKNAXAT NCO)K HAHOyf 10)C HMOK 
TAq4>Oe 2^F FniBHMA FIFXAq XE 
niBHMA niBHMA All ApOK ON N90K NPM NFK 10 

(sic) nFKAnoAAoDH ANOK e> NPM nAUC IHU nxc 

FTAyNAy AF FpOq NXF NIAMOMOC 

TTFxoooy NAq XF FOBF oy MMON gAi 

0)0n HMOK AM tt) TFCOpriOC OyO^ MIH T1F FTAq 
TAA(fOK nFXF ni9HHl NOOOy XE TFTFMFHnO)A 15 
N60)TFN AN 0) NIAHOHOC FCCOTFH 
M(|)HFTAqTAA<)bl t>FN 
TOTF AyXGDNT t>FN OyFMBON (sic) 

FepoytfouAn FBoA NniXrioc N 

NCFf NAq N y NTAypFA fc>FN HFqCOl 20 

NCF<|>ON2q oyo^ NCF^ NAq NKF y NTFq- 
A NFqcApj (^OT^FT 1 ) oyog Ay^Fi 
NKoyx Koyxi oyo^ NApF TiFqc- 

CO)K Hf^pH'i" NNOyHODOy HAlpH't AqO- 
NNOyKONtA NATO)0)FM OyO NCFTAAoq 25 

nFqcoDHA oyog Aqepoyc|)a)N NNoygFHx 
NFH oyewN IXFN HEqccoHA oyo^ Aqepoy- 

FpOq t>FN niC^TFKO NXE H MMATOl NFH 



NOq 



For 



no oyerKGDMiON FAqraoyoq NXF 

F NepiBoyNOC o)A nFqpA(rf TTiMAKApioc AF 

A niXpODM NFgCl t>FN TTFqCCDMA THpq OyO 
AqfctCl MMACyO) TTF A FloC 1HC NAy FITFqHKA^ 
XF Oym NAqO)XFMXOM AN TTF FCAXl FHTHpq 
Aqi FHFCHT FBoAbFN HIMA FT(TOCl NTF T(|)F 5 

NXF nFNoc THC nxc oyo# AqcAxi NFHAq Fqxoo- 

MMOC XF Al^FpOK N00K HAMF^plT PFODpriOC 
TCOMK FBOA t>FN MFK^lCl THpOy XFMXOM XF 
AMOK ^On NFHAK OyO AqTODMq NXF ni6HHl 

A noc eioyi fiTFqxix SIXFM nFqccoMA rupq 10 
AqTAA^bq oyog Aq^ NAq N^Mpw^w ( s i) A q- 
gcoA FTTajon FNi^woyi fc>FM oycboy MFM oyrAto 

ntHAKAplOC AF NAqXH fc>FN TTia)TFKO HF FqFp- 
VJ/AAlN 0)ATF moyOMM 0)Al MIMATOl AF FTpODIC 

Fpoq MFM MiepoyBoyNOC 1 FTAyNAy F <|>H FTAq- 15 
fol 126. a)0)TTi finiAnoc FqToyxwoyT AyFp(^<j)wpi oyoe 
AyTAHF Mioypoaoy HFXF noypo AAAIANOC XF 

TFODpriOC OyCAfc> HHArOC HF AAAA fNACODTFM 
Fpoq AN NKFCOn 0)ANTAIM NNOyCAb HHA- 

roc Fqoyor Fpou 2 CArorq AqgFHci Aqcfc>Ai 20 
NNoyFniGToAw Fqxo) HMOC XF noypo 

AA2UANOC FqcfcAl FBOA fc>FN ntKOCMOC THpq 
XFpFTF XF MAPOC NIBFN FTF OyON O)XOH 
MHOq F'toyO) FBOA NNtHAriA NTF NlXpHC- 
THANOC HApFqi ^ApOt OyO^ ANOK ^ NA^ NAq 25 | 
N p NAlTpA NNOyB NFM C NAlTpA NgAT NFH 

KTHCIC NIBFN FTFqoyAO)oy oyoe 



1) Sic; read. NiepyBOyNOC. 

2) Sic; read. Fpoq. 



NEmcKonoc ABBA GEOkOToc. Hi 



MMAB fc>EN TAMETOypO NAl cfc>Al &E Ay6tt)0y 
KATA HA 1C HTTTTE AqOyON^q EBOA MTTEM60 

Mnoypo NXE oyAi E nEqpAN HE AGANACIOC 

EqXtt) HMOC XE TTAOC TTOypO ONfc> O)A ENE^ 
AplKEAEyiN (})Al ETE TTEqpAN XE TECOpriOC 5 

EepEqipt NNoy^ooB MHAHeo EBoA oyo^ ANOK 

E0NABO)A NNEqHArtA Oyog AqpAO)l HMACyO) 

riEXAq NniMAroc XE oy N^CJDB TTE ETEKNAAiq 

MnAHGO EBOA 2\t\& NTAEMl XE KNA^]30 ENl- 
MAPIA NTE HAl XpHCTHANOC OyOg HEXE A9A- 10 

NACIOC nnoypo XE ApiKEAEyiN Eepoyimi NHI 

NNOyMACl AqoyAgCA^Nl EOpOyiNl NNOyMACl 

AqcAxi Ebpwt ENIHAO^X nniHACi Aqcjxob 
noypo AE AqccoBi nEXAq XE AAwecac 

N90K EOMABODl 1 EBOA NNlHAriA NTE WXpHC- 15 
THAMOC HEXE A9AMACIOC MTTOypO XE MApOytNl 
NHl NNOyHAO)t ETAyENC AyglOy 
NTE niMACl Efc>OyN EpOC fc>EN HICAB NTE 

o)i oyo^ Ayi EBoA Eyo)HO) MEM 

oyo^ noypo AE AqepoyiNi NAq Hmrioc rEO>p- 20 

noc nEXAq NAq XE rEcopnoc EGBHTK Ainoy^- 

EHAl CAfc> HHAPOC ET^EN TAHETOypO IE NTEK- 
BO)A EBOA NNEqHAriA IE NTEqBO)A NNOyK 

EBoA niAnoc 2^E rEODprtoc TTEXAq Nnoypo XE 

miXpHCTHANOC ETgHn EHXC EpMAPlA 25 
tt) niACEBHC HEXE niAPlOC NniHAPOC XE 
UDC MHOK tt) nAtt)Hpl (|)H ETEe^AK AplTq 
NXtt)AEM 1C HTTn ^NAy EHIgMOT NTE 



Sic; read. EONABOuA. 



112 oyFPKCDMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKAptoc. 

FTAqtXDNT FpOK AGANACIOC kF Aq<fl NNOyA- 

(])OT AqMA^q FBOA fc>FN NFqMAPlX AqFpFTTlKA- 

fol. 127. AlCGF N^ANNiaH" NpAN NAFMOUN FpW FXO)q 

oyo Aqrmq nniAnoc rFcoprioc Feppqcoq 

FTAqCOq AF HRF g^l MnETgCOOy tt)0>TTl HHOq 5 
HFXF A0ANACIOC XF O) PFCDpPlOC KF A(])OT HF F^- 
NATHiq mAK F0)0)n NNF gAl MnFT^CDOy 0)(Jl)m 
MHOK AMOK 0) M^NAMAel" 1 

NTTIA(|>OT NXF AGANACIOC ntHAPOC 
loH- NpAM NAFMO)N Fy^COOy F^OTF Ml- 10 

a)0pn AqTHiq MnieMHi Aqcoq NRF 

^o)oy o)(oni HHoq AGANACIOC 

FTTFCHT fc>ApArq HniXnoc Fqxo) MMOC NAq XF 

^(DpK FpOK NTRC TTXC HOI MHl ^0) N'tc^pAHC 
MTF 1HC ^)H FTFKO)FH(yi MMOq INA MTOyX- 15 
OyODN MHl 0) NOMFTOypO MNl^)HOyi FTAq- 

FrrFqNA^H" NXF niHAprypoc FeoyAB 
Noyo)FN<j)AT fc>FN niKA^i oyo^ Acq- 



oxcq 2 Fno)0)i NXF oynoDHi 3 HMcooy FCMF# 



FTCOTH HHAC^O) oyo^ A HIMA- 20 

KAplOC ^TCDBe t>FN nFTeHTT Aqt NXF GOD- 
MAC TTIATTOCTOAOC Aq'foJHC NNA8AMACIOC Hl- 
MAPOC t>FN ^P^ 1 ^ N(j)lCOT NFM TTO)Hpl NFH 
niTTHA FGOyAB Aq^l HTTIXO) FBOA NTF NFqNOBl 
A TTIATTOCTOAOC ^ M0)0y M^HpHNH fc>FN TTFTgHlT 25 

Aqeonq FBoAe^poJoy oyog TTAipHf A fnoy- 

Hl HHODOy TACGOC FTTFCMA noypO 2^F FTAq- 



Sic; read. fNANAet- - - 2 ) Read ACqOXCC, 
3) Sic; read. oyMOyMl. 



NFTTICKOTTOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



113 



MAY 



F0NFMAq THpOy F<j)H FTAqO)O)TTl 

oyog AyFpo)<|)Hpi AOANA- 

ClOC kF AqO)0) FBOA MriFM00 NMOypO)Oy XF 
AMOK OyXpHCTlANOC ^FngMOT NTOTq H$^ 

MFM nFqBODK rFoupnoc XF Aqonr FnApienoc 

NTF NFqFBlAlK AMOK fcA HlFprATHC NTF +AXH 

TA oyo^ ^Fp^FAnic XF nFqNAi NATA^OI 

glTFN NITO)B NTF niAPlOC TFODpriOC 

rypoc FeoyAB oyo^ niryMAroc oyo^ Ay- 

XO)NT NXF NIANOHOC AyFpKFAFyiN F0pOyti)Al 10 
NNA0ANACIOC CABOA N^BAKl NCFO)At NTFqA(j)F 

t>FN pcoc Ncwqi (})AipH+ (sic) AqxooK FBoA 
HAprypiA wcoy nr wniABOT TOOBI 

NCABBATOM FpF UFqCMOy FOOyAB 0)0)171 NFMAN 
THpOy O)A FNFg NTF NIFNF THpOy FTAqKOTq 15 
AF NXF niGMHl FHOypO HFXAq NAq XF (})H 

128. FTFKoyAo^q XpiTq NHI. AqFpoyo) NXF 
noypo npxAq NAq XF O;F NiNoy^ cb rFO>prioc 
XF ^NACpo^Tq FpOK TTAipHf Aq0poy0o)oy r 1~ 

NgANAHOJF NFH gANCFBNHT Aq0pOy0AMl6 20 

NNoyTpoxoc Fq(foci HHAojo) oyo Aq0poy 

T031C 1 FpOq N p NFqT FyOl NNOyMAgl F(J)0- 
YAl AyHA^q THpq t>FN gAN(})FpONlON 



NFM gANODTFN NBFNini FyMOKg 25 
MMAO)0) Aq0pOy0AMl6 NfflTpOXOC N(|)OXl B+ 
FyOl NNACTHplON Nfc>0)K CA HAl CA FqMF^ NiqT 
NBM ^)FpONlON CA HAl KFCA FqMF NCHql NpO)q 



Sic; read Aq0pOyTO)TC, 



15 



114 TTiFrKooMtON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 

NBAU)Oyp FpF AAfc>FM B NXCDIT t>FN 

oyo# FpF K N^yrrppFTHC COOK KATA oyAi NTF 
wAA^EM oyoe AqFpKFApyiN Fepoyiw NTTIMA- 

KAptOC TTFXAq MAq XF TFCOpriF 1C XF FKNA- 

(yo)T nniAHoAAoDN IF XNA(5i NNoy6"pwni Nnoypo 

FBOA ^ITOT Oyoe 1C XF FKHO FOXC IF COHC 
FniHANrANON FTAlGAMtOq NAK e l TK 

Fpoq FepFqepAOKiMA^tM MnFKCoaHA XF 

OyXODpl MMATOl HFXF niAPlOC 2CF ^HO FTTXC 
MS". (j)H FTFgNAK AplTtj NHl AqFpKFAFyiN FTHiq 10 

Fmrpoxoc Fepoybcon Fxcoq NXF gR 

niMAKAptOC 2iF FTAqMAy FRl- 
MANKANGDN FTXOpX fc>FN GMH^ NHlTpOXOC 

^o^ F0BF oypcoHi gcoq FqFpcj)opiN N 

HAAlCTA FCXHM HHAl pH+ OyOg HFXAq N^pHl 15 

Nbwrq XF rFcopnoc <3^pA XNAa)NO<3FM MTTAI 
con [AN] CArorq Aq())a)p(y Nwqxix FBoA Aq- 

TODB^ MnAtpVI'f- FqXO) HMOC XF fgO)C FpOK TTAOC 

Tf?c nxc oyo^ ta)FngHOT NTOTK XF AKAIT 

NFHnO)A N'f-HFT^^Hp NTF NFKFHKAg NNOyXAt 20 

M^pvi't- fieoK nAoc FTAyAa)K ^IXFM oya)F oyo2 
AyXAT 1 fc>FN envi'f- NCONI B ic ^wnnp AyeAMto 
win NNoyrpoxoc Fqoi NB FGBF npupAN FeoyAB 

HANHB CCOTFM XF ^NOy ti) nACCOTHp FOFKBODK 

rpcopnoc d) (])n FTF NnF oyoN Fpajopn Fpoq 2- 

FNF^ niATO^lB'l" mxAoM NTF MlHApjypOC (])H 
FTAq(fO)AK NT(|)F M^pH-f NOyKAMApA Aqa^lTC 
OyFMl FTTXlNTECU)Oy6 10)^ glXFN HICODNT 



) Sic; read AyXAK. 



NFniCKOTTOC ABBA 9FOAOTOC. 



115 



29. rwpq (|)n FTAqeAMtb NNitfimi F0poyu)oyo 
Moygcooy gixFN mKAi FXFN NIGMHI NFM 
NipFqppNOBi Fycon (|)H FTAqeAMio NNircooy 

NFM NIKAAAM<])0 t>FN OyU)l MFH OyHAO)l 

FTAqFpFniMMAN NN1ACFBHC TH- 5 
fmApANOMOC MAI FTAyFpATCCDTFM 
Aq^lTOy FgpW 1 FntTApTApOC NTF AMFN-f 
CFXH MM Ay ^NOy fc>FN UlXpODM NFM gANMOy- 
XAOC NTF AMFNf OyOg FyFpKOAA^lN MMODOy 

NApAKODN FygODOy ApmiAlMAN 2 10 
NN1ACFBHC THpOy OyOg MMON gAl 
N FpFN nFKOyA^CAeNl ^)H FTE 
t>FN NlFOOy NJ3AIF FAKOyON^K NAN FBOA 



MAplA "tnApeFNOC t>FN OyMyCTHplON NNAT 15 
t>FTt0)Tq OyO^ NATFMl FpOq niX(j)0 NNAAlN- 
etNON 3 (J>H FTAC|MO(^l ^IXFN NIXOA FTF MTTF 

NFq^XAAyx eoaAFB MMcooy ^>H FTF FBOA^ITFN 

F NCOIK Aq0pF F N0)0 NpOOMl OyCJDM AyCl <J)H 
FTAqFpFniAlMAH M(j)lOM NFM NlGHOy OyOg 20 

AyxA poooy [FNXAI] NIBFN CFCODTFM NAK XF 

[^]AN6AMl6 NTAK THpOy NF MApFqi N2CFHFKNAI 
F#pm FXODN NFM ANOK fc>A TTFKBODK PFCOpriOC 
XF OyHl FpF niNAl XH NTOTK (j)0)K HF mti)0y 
NFM OFKIODT NAPA90C NFM T7H7NA FGOyAB O)A 25 
FNF^ AMHN FTAqt AF MHIAMHN Ay^lTq Ffc>OyN 
FniTpOXOC FTAqgFl AF t>FN OMU^ NNlOprANON 



!) Read Ft>pwt. 2) Read AplFTTlAlMAN. 

3 ) Read NNAAvieiNON. 



116 TUFPKCDMION FAqTAOyoq NXF TTlMAKAptOC. 



AycouK Fxooq NNoycon NNoyorr oyog 
AqBO)A EBoA fc>FN oyiooc NIKAC NFM NiAqoyi 
pycon nrrypANoc &F Aqoucy FBoA 
NNioypoooy FTKOD+ Fpoq pqxo) MMOC 

XE MMON NOyf" EBHA FniXnoAA(Jl)N NFM HlFp- 
MHC NFM ni^FyC NFM niXpAKAHC NFM -fAeFN- 
NAC NFM ^KAMANApA NFM TTOCITCDN NAl ETOy- 
COACEA NT(})F NAl FT^MFTOypO NNlOypCDOy 

Fyepo NNixcopi AMA^I NnmAgi Aqeo>N ^Noy 

NPFCOpriOC <|)H ETA NlpABTOyXOC NIOyiAAl K 
F8BF Oy NnFqi NTFqNAgMFq FBOAt>FN 

oyo AqFpKFAEyiN EepoycoAi Nnio^cDio) 

NTE NFqKAC NFM NFqAqOyi NFM niKAgl FTAqCOD 

NnFqcNoq FeoyAB Aqgiroy FOECHT FoyAAKKOc 
FTcyoycboy NATMcaoy Ayo)opq NiTFM 1 o)Apo>q 

fol. 130. NAqXG) MMOC TTF XF MWHOTF NTE NIXpHCTHANOC 

XIMI NNoycyoDicy NToyipi N^ANXOM NbwTq MF- 

NFNCCOC AqTCDNq NGOq NFM TTIKE J6 NHOypO 

oyog Ay^coA EmXpicTON NAypAcyi HE XF 
Ay6"po FnoyxAxi HE oyo^ t>EN 'foyNoy A 20 

niAHp THpq EpXAKl OyO AT4>E g^BC N^Hni 
A gAN^ApABAl NEM gANCFTFBpHX O)0)ni A 
TTlKAgl THpq CeFpTFp O)A NEqCFN'f A UlAp- 

XHArrEAoc FeoyAB EpCAAm^iN J?FN -fcAA- 
nirroc Aqi NXF noc ^IXFN oy^ApMA NXFpoy- 25 

BIM NFM ANAN6BA NAPrFAoC OyO^ Aqoyog 
glXEN niAAKKOC HEXE HOC MMIXAHA XF AXOC 

MnAiAAK[n]oc XE MOI NHI NNiCNoq NEM NIKAC 



l ) Eead NlTFN. 



NFJTlCKOnOC ABBA OFOkOTOC. 



117 






NFM NIAqOyi NFM NIU)(WO) NTF TTlGMm TFODpriOC 
F0BF XF AqXOC XF I fNAO)NOFM NTTAl COO AN 
INA NTFqFMl t>FN ITFqgHT THpq XF ANOK TTF 
NABpAAM NFM <jrt~ N1CAAK NFM ffi NIAKO)B 

A MIXAHA XAy NnpqMeo FBoA Aq(n NNI- 

KAC NXF TTOC fc>FN TFqXIX FqXO) HMOC 
XF PFODpriOC TTAAAoy 'J'XIX 
HH. NNAAAM N00C ON ^NOy HF 

MMOK 0) TTAMFNplT TFODpriOC OyOg AqNtqi 

ufc>oyN FgpAq Aq'i" MAq MnmRA fjouNb oyog 10 

AqTCJDNq FBOA t>FN NHF0MO)OyT NXF HIAriOC 

rpcopnoc A noc FpAcnA^FC0F MMoq oyo^ 
Aq'f NAq Nf6 H P HNH AqgcoA Fno)0)t FNicfwoyi 
FqcoMc Nccoq N0oq ^F AqTooNq Aqi O^A Nioy- 

pODOy NANOMOC NFM NIKFMATOl FTAyglTq 15 

FmAAKKOc oyog nFXAq No)oy Fycon XF coy- 

0)NT 0) NIANOMOC XF ANOK TTF TFODpriOC ^)H 
FTApFTFNt>00BFq OyOg FApFTFNglTq 
KOC FTAq+NlATq MMoq NXF HIACFBHC 

AMOC oyo^ nFXAq NNIMATOI XF TFqbwiBi HF 20 

TF FTFXF HAKMFNTtOC HOypO N'fApMFWA XF 
MMON TFqfc>HlBl AN TF AAAA FqONl MMOq 
ANATOAlOC XF TTlCTpATwAATHC NAqXO) MMOC 
M0)0y FJF XF TFTFNO)tni AN 0) NlAONOyf FpF- 
TFNXO>n N'f'MFOMHl AAAA AAH0CDC (])At HF TF- 25 

ooprioc ntBcoK NTF $^ FTonb FTA HAOC THC 
isi.nxc no^wpi Acjrf- FTON^ FTAqToyNOcq FBoA 

J3FN NH F0MO)OyT F0BF (])Al TAp 



Bead 



118 TTIFPKGDMION FCqTAOyOq NXF TTlHAKAplOC. 



FTTAOC IMC T7XC ANOK NFM NAMATOl 
FTHOU)! NFMHl TOTS AqXCUNT NXF fHACFBHC 

&A&IANOC AqppKFAFyiN FepoyoAoy CABoA N^ - 
noAic oyog NCFAtroy w NApxw oyo# NCF- 



FBoA NToyHAprypiA Ncoy HP HOIABOT 
oyo# Ay S\ fmixAoM NMATTAKO Fyipi N 

HHATOl NFH TTOyCTpATwAATHC ANAToAlOC NFH 
9 NU)0 FBOAt>FN N1HHU) FTOgl FpATOy AN- 

NFH ANlOMl OyO^ NApF niAPlOC H 

631 FpATq Fq'i'NOH'i" NODoy rwpoy 

FBOA NKAAODC FpF HOyCHOy FOOyAB 
0)0)171 NFHAN THpOy 0)A FNF^ AHHN HFNFNCA 
NAl AqFpKFAFyiN F9pOyO)TO HTTieMHl 

oy^Aox NBFNini oyo^ NCF^corq Nirpqcoi 
Fm^Aox ON nAAiN ON Aqepoynog 

N. KION NTAgT NTOYCAe"t t>ApOq 

H(J)pHf NNoyHoooy AqepoyXoycoN Npoaq HTU- 

APIOC NTOyXOO)q FbpHl FTFqNPXl FqBFpBFp 
NOF ^Al HTTFT^CDOy O)O)ni HHOq AqFpKFAFyiN 2 
NXF niACFBHC NCFqODXl NNliqT FBoAb^N HFq- 
CCDHA NCFAO)q FTTC^ODl t>FN OyTAp NTF OyO)HN 
NCA NFq(])AT OyOg NCFHOyp NNOyODNl NCA 

Aqpp i NF^ooy NFH I NFXojpe FqXo)i 
o)ATF TiFqcNoq u)oyo FBoAfc>FN nFqc^At 

NNOyHODOy FTA I AF NF^OOy XO)K 

FBoA AqepoyxAq FCFCHT NXF AAAIANOC 

PANNOC oyo^ NApF oyKoyxi NNiqt coxn 

HF oyog AqepoyojToq ^IXFN niKAgi Aqepoy^ 

glOyt FXFN ntqCCOHA t>FN pO)C NTCHqi ICXFN 3 



NFTTlCKOnOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



119 



10 



NFq(|)AT O)A TFqA(|)F OyO AyAK| N(|)0)t 

THpq ITA Aqepoy^ioyi FXFN TFqX(j)F 
oyKFAFBiN o)ATFC(|)a)fc> nAAiN ON Aqepoynouaj 
NmTryproc NTF xoq NFM NICHBI 
t>FN oyKFA[V]BiN oyog AqepoyiNi f 
wiqT 1 FqAoBa) Nxpam AqepoyeiTq 

. 132. FJTFqMAO)X NNOyBlNAM 2 Ayi NXF 

Aygtoyi Fxcoq cyATFqi FBoAbFN TTIKFCA 
AqepoyqAi Anoq Fqoi NpFqMoooyT 

FTTtO)TFKO NAqXH XF HF fcFN niO)TFKO 

menu i NAqa)on nF fc>FN oyNia^ wbici FOBF 

NIBACANOC FTt>FN TTFqCGDMA FGOyAB bpN HIF- 
HMAg f F NApF (j)H FGOyAB bFN 

A noc IHC nxU i a)Apoq fc>FN nic^- 

TFKO NFM NFqArrFAoC FGOyAB OyO^ AniO)TFKO 15 

XF PFODpnoc gnnnp 

NAK TCDNK 6^1 FpATK ^IXFN NFK- 

FKoyox oyo^ t>FN foyNoy AqTODNq 

F(|0l NATTAKO AqFpACnA^FCGF MMOq NXF UOC 

N npqcoDMA THpq 20 
^NOM^ nFXAq NAq XF ToaoyNoy 

0)A NAl ACFBHC NNOypCOOy 
NCDOy NFM NOY 

NFMAK NCHOy NIBFN ^XO) 
MMOC NAK O) HAMFNplT TFCDpriOC XF OyON 

oypAO)i a}on bFN T^>F FXFN HFKAMONI NTOTK 
oyog A niArrpAoc GFAnA FXFN nFuf FGNANFq 
ic ^wnnp 'tNoy KF^ NpOMni 



Read NK]T. 



2) Read NOyiNAH. 



120 merKGDMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKAptoc. 

fc>FN NAl BACANOC FBOA^ITFN NIOypODOy NACF- 

BHC oyog XNAMoy N r NCOTT ^Nnoy ANOK 

NMIN MMOl NFM MArrpAoC FOOyAB NTA<M 
NTFKVJ/yXH NTA'f- EMTON NAK t>FN KFNC| NNA- 
BpAAH NFM NICAAK NFM IAKODB t>FN 

MCOC NTF noyNoq MAI AF FTA noc xoroy 
NAq oyog Aq^ NAq N^wpHNvi AqgcoA Fncyo)i 
FNi(j)Hoyi fc>FN oycboy Fqconc nccoq N niXnoc 
AF rpcDpnoc Aqpp niFxcopg rwpq FqcyAwA O^ATF 
nioyoDiNt o)Ai FTA u)O)pn AF c^cam A MANO- 10 

HOC NNOypCDOy FpUF^FyiN FFNq gtXFN HIBHMA 
HFXF HAKHFNTIOC ITOypO NAq XF 01) TFCOpriOC 
toyODCy FMAy FOyMHINI FBOA e l TOTK OJF HANHH 

(sic) nipw-f (sic) FNEM (sic) nno^ 1 NFM ^Ap- 

TFMIC GMAy NNlNOyi- THpOy ^NANA^'t <*> 15 

THO nxc 2 XF ^FMI 

MF0MHI FNF^ AAAA MATAMOl XF 
FKFpFTIN NNAy noypo XF HFXAq NAq XE 
fol. 133. 1C O N0pONOC FHAtMA OyBFT Nl(A)F NTF 

nioyAi MMcooy gANoyoN IDFN oyojF MMACOY- 20 

TAg NF* gANOyON FBoAfc>FN NIO)F NATOyTA 
NF F0)0)n t>FN NFKFyXH NTOyfoyO) FBOA 

NToy^tnNoyNi NTF NIUJF MMACoyTAg oyo)N^ 

FBOA hFN NlATOyTA^ ANOK ^0) ^ 

TTO CATOTq AqKO)Ax NNFqKFAt 25 

NoypyXH A noc FTAqt AF NHIAMHN A 



Read HANHB nipH NFM TTUOg. 

2 ) This bre^k does not occur in the Ms., but it is clear 
that the sense requires it. 



NFmcKonoc ABBA OFO^OTOC. 121 



i FXFN NiepONoc 
NXF NiepONoc OYO^ A NIOYON NMA- 

COYTA (|)lpl FBOA NXCDBl MEM OYTA NlKF- 

OYON NNATOYTAg AYTAOYO XO)B1 FBoA 

AF NFM MlKFO^ypODOY NNACFBHC FTAYN&Y F 

FTAqo^o>ni FBoA giTFN nieMHi AYli)ini 

FBOA FY^CJD MMOC XF N90K 

nunoAAcDN XF fc>FN NIKFOJF 

NTFKXOM FBoA TOTF 

niANOMOc FepOYTgFMCo fminoc rpcop- 10 
rioc ^IXFN OY^AOX N^OMT 
"A. NB Wqr FYOi.NOYHAgi fio)iH nioYAi 

MMODOY OYOe AYAOBC^OY fc>FN TTlXpCDM 

ben nFqx(])oi B O^ATOYI HBoA 

TTAlpH'f A niGMHl (yODni FqTOTC FTTt- 15 



NTFqA<j)F fc>FN OYHA2CI 

Fgpm Fpoc NNOYAAMXAn 

BFp 0}ATFqMO NTFqNFXl NTFqi FBoAbFN TFq- 
XFBCDAl NFM NFqMAO)X NFM CA^pHl HMOq 20 
CATOTq A mXpCDM NFCl t>FN TFqA(|)F NBM 

rupq AqFp M^pH 
Nwirq FBoAbFN 



N'f'FgF FpF niMAKAptOC flfc>HTC NP 25 
ANO)F NAAoAl NFM 

coc OYO^ A ffoC NAY fenbici AnieMHi 

Y^HHI Aqd)o)FH AntxpoDM 
o NnFqccoHA Twpq AqepE 

(j)0)V) bFN TFCMH^ OYOg Aqi FBOA NbHTC 30 



16 



122 oyFrKfl&MioN FAqTAoyoq NXE niMAKApioc. 



fol. 134. NXE niMAKApioc rFo>prioc 

ETAqxoDKFM k>EN oycuDoyw oyog Aqi EBoA 
oyo A noc EpAcnA^eces nnoq Aq- 
NXOM Aq^ NAq N^ewpwNM A qii)P Enc^coi 
EW(j)vioyi t>EN oyoboy EqcoMC wcooq TUMAKA- 5 
ptoc ^E Aqbgi EpATq AnEMeo NNioypcooy 

HMON gAl NTAKO O)0n HHOq ETA HIMHO) AE 

H ETAqo^cont AycDcy EBoA XE oyAi TIE 4) 1 ! 
nxc XpiBOweiN Epow woypouoy 

NIMHO) KOD^ EpCDOy Ayot)Al NTOyA(()E 10 
fc>EN p(DC NTCHqi nAlpH-f AyXCDK EBoA NTOy- 

MAprypiA Ay6"i wnixAon NTE noowt t>EN 
woycDT wcoyi N^AMENcoe NXE E 
N\]/yXH oyog NApE (}) EeoyAB frAxpo 
Nooy o^AToyxoDK EBoA NnoyXrooN t>EN is 

NTE $1^ AMHN MENENCA NAl 

Mioypoi)oy EGpoyiwi 

NKAO) NNAAoAl E60)OBl WCET^EMCO 

gixEN oycbNi oyog Ayo)ono)En NNIKAO) t>EN 

gANMAXEpA EyXHp OyOg AyTEpTCDpOy fc>EN 20 
TTEqCGDMA E00yAB Ay(j)0)fc> NNEqXAoX AyAoK- 

^oy Eboyw Epcaoy oyo AyiNi EBoA NMUEB 
NTE NEqxtx NEM NANEq^A-AAAyx (sic) AyAojoy 
AyAoyj ON NXE NigynEpETwc NKE B 
bEN nEqajAiojAToyEi 1 Encycoi 25 

EpKEp MMOq glXEN 
niO)Nl EpE N1KAO) 00^ fc>EN HEqCOOMA O)ATE 

nmAgi 



Read O)ATOyi 



NFTTICKOHOC ABBA OFOkOTOC. 



123 



M0)oy Fqcow NApF menm boci MMAO^CO TTF 

fc>FN TAl BACANOC TTAAlN ON AqepOyTOH 

riFqcoi Foycj)oxi NO;F oyog NToyroH KFoyi 
NToyrocoy Niirq 1 Aqepoybonq JSFN 

NT())OXl CNOyt- AyiNl NNOyNlCyt NBA- 5 

o^oyp NBFNini oyo^ AyBAcq fc>FN eMH^- wxcoq 
O^A NFq^AA?SAyx nAtpH'l" Aq'f MninfTA CArorq 
oyog FTAyNAy XF Aqnoy AyoyAgCAeNiFepoy- 
INI NNoynicyl- fiAFBwc N^OMT oyog Aygioyi 
wncooMA fmiXnoc FntAFBHC NFM nFqcNoq NFH 10 
NFqAqoyi rnpoy FNFM MH FTAycoAn FNIKAO) 

NFM NH FTAyCO)AK FNFNNAXl N^BAO^Oyp 

135. Aqepoygioyt Fxcoq NNoyrA^TA NFM oyAc- 

^)AATON NFH OyO)AgA O)ATF niO^Ag (flCl CAH- 
0)0)1 JmiAFBHC N^ Y^ ^ HHAgl NApF niAFBHC 15 
XH t>FN OyojlK FqgwA FHFCHT N A MMAl 

RFApyiN Fepoycyop ITFM Fxo>q NFH TTIOJIK 

CAnO)0)t NHlKA^l NKF 8 HMAgl Aq6pOyKO)T 

eixeN mojiK NNoyHANXAcoeNFq NTF Nioypcooy 

XF gtNA TTFXO)Oy XF NNF NlXpHCTtA.NOC XJBM 20 
gAl HHFAOC NTAq NToyKO)T NNOyMApTHplON 
FXO)q FTAyo)F NODOy NXF NlgyTTFpFTHC 

Aqo)0)ni NXF oyNio)-}- MMONMFN i?FN 

A nipH FpXAKl A NIClOy OytONg FBOA fc>FN 
T^)AO)l HHlFgQOy FTFHMAy OyO^ A noU I FHF- 25 
CHT FBoAt>FN T^)F NFH gANNANGBA (sic) NAP- 
TFAOC NFM ^ANXOpOC NTF NH FGOyAB FpF HtTB 
NATTOCTOAOC NFH030y NFH AAyiA noypO NFM 



Eead NliqT. 



124 oyprKCDMioN AqrAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 



wnpo(j)HTHC Twpoy oyoe TTIMA rnpq 

NNOyOHNl MMAU)O) 0)C2iF NTF NH FOOyHOy 

NH. THpoy ErbFN 'frroAic NFM WKFACFBHC Noy- 
po)oy NAy FmoyoMNi NroygFi rwpoy IXFN 
noygo A noc i EXEN HIMA Fpe HI^FBHC Nhwrq s 
AqoyA^cAgMi wrABpiwA niApXHArreAoc eeppq- 
(j)0)}3 nniKA^i oyog NTeqiNi ena)o)i wmAi-BHc 
Aqnoyi" NXP noc ^ixew niKFpHi NTS NFNKAC 

NniGMHl FTfc>FN TTlAFBHC FqXO) MMOC XF TEODp- 

noc rpcaprioc ANOK np $1" ())H FTAqroyNoc u 

AA^ApOC FBOAfc>FN NH FTMCDOyT ^OyA^CAeNl 
NAK ON fNOy FGpFKO^l FpATK FTFKl FBoAbFN 

niAFBHC cATorq AqrcoNq Aqoei FpATq NXF 

TT19MHI FqXHK FBOA MHON ^Al NA6"W Nfc)HTq 
AN HF A HOC epACTTA^FCGF MMOq AqMAgq U 
NXOM NFM NOM^- FqXO) MMOC XF TFCOpHOC 
HAMFNplT 6"pO MMOK OyO NTFKAMONl NTOTK 
XF AlCFMNl NAK NNOy0pONOC t>FN tAHM NT(})F 
(|)Al FTF MMON gAl FqONl MMOq t>FN NIMAN- 
gFMCl NTF NIMApTypOC THpoy NAl FTAyc^CDni 2( 

ICXFN a/opn oyog NNF oyon ujami Fqoni MMOK 

0)A FNFg fc>FN NIKFOyON FONAO^COni 0) HAMFNplT 
fol. 136. TFCOpriOC A niMHO) NTE NinpO^MTHC NFM 

NiXnocroAoc t fmoyoi AyppAcnA^Fcep MMoq 
npxo)oy NAq XE cb oyNiATK AAwecuc d> rpcop- 21 

riOC niMFNplT NTE ^ NFM NEqArPEAoC NFM 
NIXEpOyBIM NFM NlCEpA())lM OyOg ANON 
TFN(^OyO)Oy MMON Nk>HTK NFM TEKNIO)^ 
TTOMONH MAAlCTA NOOK MMAyATK ^NOy F00y- 
ODNg FBOA N(j)pAN M^l" bFN OyHAppHClA t>FN 3( 



NFTTICKOTTOC ABBA 9F02VOTOC. 



125 



THpC NFM TTFCMO F0BF (|)A1 
TlFNCCDTHp NAOyONFK (sic) FBOA (JDK t>FN 

T(f>F FKo)on fc>FN oyoDoy NATCAXI MMoq NiiFMeo 
NTTICODNT THpq NTF TCJ)F NFM nKAgi oyog 

FTAyMAgq f<pAO)l A nUC ^NF.HAq f4tc H P HNH 

(sic) Aqo)F Fncyooi FMi^Hoyi NFM NFqArrpAoc NFM 

NH FGOyAB THpOy NTAq fc>FN OyHtO) r f" NO 
NFM OyTAtO niMAKAplOC AF Aql 
GFATpON NTF ^BAKl FpF HFqgO MFg 

Aqcocy FBoA FqxoDMMOc XF d>oy Nioypcooy 10 

NFM OyON NIBFN F9MOO)l NFMCDOy NFM NIKF 
MATOl FTO)On t>FN TAl BAKl NFM OyON NIBFN 
FTO)On NbHTC AMODIMI FBOA THpOy NTFTFNNAy 
FpOl FlONb fcFN TXOM MHANOy^ AMOK HF TF- 
(OpriOC niMFAlTCDN NTF NirAAlAFOC ANOK TTF 15 

FTA NAI AGNoyt NNoypcooy fc>o0BFT oyo^ 
AyeoMcr t>FN niKAi A nANoy^- me nxc 

TOyNOCT FBoAbFN NH FOMODOyT XF N00q HF 
^ NTF T(])F NFM niKAl NIMHO) ^F FTAy- 

coycoNq XF Neoq np Aycoo) FBoA pyxo) MMOC 20 

XF MMON NOy^ fc>FN T^)F OyAF glXFN 

FBwA FTTTC nxc $-1- NrFcopnoc niMFAiTcoN 

OyCglMl FBOAfc>FN NIMHC^ FTACNAy F 
FTACO)03ni ACNA+ F HFCpAN HF CXoAACTIKH 
ACOyODO^T NniMApTypOC FCXO) MMOC NAq XF 25 

TTAOC TFoapnoc A nAO)npi Moygn 1 NTFq- 

FgF XF NTFqCXAl t>FN TKOl ACgFl OyOg 
ACMOy ^NOy XF 0) HAOC XplBOHOlN FpON 



For 



126 OyFPKCDMlON FAqTAOyoq NXF TTlMAKAplOC. 

fol. 157. XF ANON ANHKt TTFXF TT10MW NAC XF <H NF 
MTTAl KOyXl NtfApOHT FTAIAMOM MMOq ^NOy 
fc>FN TAXIX OyO MAO)E NF FTKOl TAAoq FXFN 

Fp[e]xo) MMOC xe nexe niBom NTF noc 
rFcoprioc XF TODNI (b ^F^F FBoAbFN NH 
FencooyT ^C^VMI 2^F Acipi KATA nipwt FTA 

niAPlOC XOC NAC OyO ACODNb NXF ^F^F AC- 

'toooy ^1$^- Aco)0)ni FCMHN FTTIAPIOC rpoopnoc 

F NApF OyHHO) KCDt FniAPlOC HF Fq^CBO) NCOOy 
FTTXINCOyFN OXC NAyCDO) FBoA XF OyAl HF 
$-}- NHIAPIOC PEO)pPlOC niMATOl NXODpl NTF 

noypo nxc TTFXE Nioypoooy NNIMATOI XF oy 

NF NAl 0)0) FBOA FTOO) NTTAlpH-f FTFMCO)TFM 

Fpo)oy HFXF niMAToi N0)oy XF PFo>ppioc HF 

FTAqTO)Nq FBO/\k>FN NH F0MO)OyT FpF NIMHO) 

0)0) FBoA FyNA^t FnFqNoyt XF AqroyNOcq 
FBoAbFN NH F0MO)oyT Ntoypo)oy AF FTAy- 

JB. CO)TFM XF PFO)pPlOC HF FTAqO)Nb NKFCOH 

AynoB^n 1 F(|)Aoy RF NAyppgo-f nF HMAO)CD 
TTFxo)oy NNoyfepwoy XF ApHoy Neoq AN nF 

OyO^ [TFXF NIMATOI XF HTTTTF TFNNAFNq 
NO)TFN ^NOy 2 INA NTFTFNFMl t>FN 

XF weoq HF ppo)ppioc NIMATOI &F AyiNt 

APIOC glXFN TTIBHMA NApF OlMHO) MOO)l NCO)q 

ne oyo^ NAyo)cy UF FBoA Fyxo) MMOC XF ANON 2 

ANXpHCTHANOC NHAppHClA NAyO)O) FBoA HF 

Eygo)oyo) FNioypo)oy oyog NAyxoNT FNioy- 
po)oy HF Nioypo)oy AF AyppKFAFyiN NNIMATOI 



Sic; for AyNOyo)H. 



NFTT1CKOT70C ABBA 0FOAOTOC. 



127 



F0pOY<fr)T(7FT NCA WMHO) 1CXFN AXTT f 1 NTTl- 

F#OY cyA (j)NAY NNAxn if MniFgooY MMACB 

FYfc>ODTFB NCODOY HF AY^CJDHl NXF THBl 2 NTF 
NH FTAY<ft MTTIXAOM bSN niF^OOY FTFHMAY 
CFlpl NH NO)O NFM $ NlJ/YXH AYgO)A FNl^HOYl 
pF HOYCMOY F60YAB a)0>TTt NFMAN 
0)A FNFg AMHN MFNFNCA NAl 

oYpoDOY FniXrioc rFODprioc 
NAq XF rFcopnoc na>c AKTCONK FBoAbFN NH 

)1. 138. FOMODOYT HFXF HlMAKAplOC NCDOY 2CF HAUC 10 
IHC nXC nF FTAqTOYNOCT FBOAt>FN NH F0HO)- 

OYT FGBF (|)Ai falcon NNAI t>ici rnpoY gi^FN 

TTFqpAN F80YAB AqFpOY) NXF OYA1 FBoA 

NbnTOY FHFqpAN nF pAuAtAoc oyofr nFXAq 
NnieHHi NHAI pH-f *F o> TFooprioc AAAA XAnecoc is 

^01 NO)())Hpl MMOK XF TTO)C AKt FBOAt>FN HAl- 

AFBHC FKOI NC|)AXI <|)Axi OYO^ FKCA^ FFTFCHT 

FHRA^l 1"NOY ^F FKOYCOCy NTANAg't 

F6BF NlOpONOC 

NTFNPM1 XF TrFKNOYt HF FTAqFp nAt MHINI 20 

0)AN NFNNOYl" NF AAAA 1C OYCAn NNODNl 

NHAl MA FpF ANpFqMCDOYT f|t>HTC NTF Nl- 

^ F0)0)n NTFKTCDB^ 
NTFqroYNocoY FYON^ OYO 
Fpoq gco AqFpoYO) NXF niMAKAptoc rFcopnoc 25 

HFXAq XF fFHl ANOK XF TFTFNNAei AN AAAA 
TTlXpCDM F0NAOYt'M9HNOY THpOY nAHN F0BF 
(|)Al MHO) FTO^t FpATOY ^NA0pF TTCDOY NHAOC 



') Read 



2) Read THTTt. 



128 oyFPKCDMiON FAqrAoyoq NXP niMAKApioc. 



nxc oycuNg FBoA TCDNK NOOK NFM cj)H 
FTFKoyAU)q XoyoDN N^cAvi AN toy IN i (sic) NNH 

FTF Nt>HTC MnAFHOO (sic) FBOA MTTAl MHO} glNA 
NTF <])pAN NnAOypO MMHl OyODNg FBOA H(|)00y 

Aqrcowq NXF noypo pAKiAAoc NFH noypo AA- i 

AlANOC NFM AIONHCIOC TTOypO NXHMl AyOyODN 
N't'cAH NODN1 AyiNl Fnc^ODl NM1KAC NTF NH 

FTAyHoy FTAyAoqApq nFxo)oy NAq XF cb PB- 
oapnoc AyFp^oAi NXF MKAC ^IXFN nAo>Ai 
wmxpOHOc oyog AyFpo^coio) NXF NIKAC HFXF i< 
ni0HHi XF ANioyi NHI NNoyKt'a)O)ia) nAipw'f 
A nir NNoypo epp wgyriFpETHC ooqi NNIKAC 
NFH NoyKFcyooia) FTAyxFMoy oyo<3 AyFNoy 
AyXAy finFNeo (sic) FBoA wniAnoc rFO)pnoc 
fieoq AF niMAKApioc AqucwAx NNFqKFAi Aqi i 
NNoyFyxw H$-i- fc>FN ^oyNoy A oyMia)^ 

MHONMFN 0)0)ni NFH ANXApABAl NFM gANCF- 
TFBpHX A OyTTNA NTF HOC O)O)ni ^IXFN IlKAt 
fol. 139. NFH NIKAC NFH Nia)0)lO) OyO^ Ayt FBOA NXF 
F NpODMl FBOAbFN NIO^COIO) NFH NCglHl NFH 2 

oynoy^i NAAoy A oyNia)f N^O^ a)0)ni NNioy- 

pCDOy NFH NIHHCy FONFMGDOy F6BF 
FTACO)0)ni NAyCOFpTFp T1F gtCOH HF 
NXF NIOypCDOy NNOyAl FTAqTODNq 

nFxcooy NAq SF NIH ne 

NCDOy XF BO)HC HF HtpAN FTTOl FpOl 

nFXAq NAq NXF noypo XF ic oynp 
ICXFN FTAKHoy Aqppoyo) XF ic yA 
Nponni nFxcooy NAq XF t>FN nFucwoy A nxc 
KHN i FniKOCHOc np npxAq Ninoy XF H(J>H 3 



NpnicKonoc ABBA GFOAOTOC. 



129 



TTFXCDOy NAq FKO)FMU)l NNIM 

NO)OY XF NAtU)FMO)l NNOY'i" XH TTlATToAAcDN 

TTF meoycDT NKoyp NBFAAF oyo# NATvl/yxw 

ACO^OUTTl &F FTAlMOy AyCAT FOyiXpO NXpCDM 

FqOl FqCATTFCHT N(|)NOyN FqOyCDM 

OYMFTA0NAI Oyog AY6 ITT ^HFCHT FpOq 1C 
NpOMFTl N(])00y fXH t>FN NFq 

niAnoAAoDN meoyo)T XH MFMHI Nbwrq TTF 
NAq1~ bici NHI Fni^oyb TTF Fqxo) MMOC 
F coyo)NT a) niTAApnoopoc XF ANOK AN 10 

HF ^f AAAA ANOK OyiAtt)AoN NAT\|/yXH F9BF 

oy AKXA ^ nFKoypo NCCDK oyo^ AKoyo)o)T 

finCAAANAC F0BF ^)Al ^Noy 6\ NAK NFMHl 

Fycon NNoyKoAACic NFNF^ AomoN MFNFNCA 
oycHoy Aqi FTTFCHT [F]AHFN^ NXF THC n^wpi 15 
H<]rf- FTONt> oyog NApp oycTAypoc NNoycoiNi 
COOK fc>A^o)q TTF AMFN^ Twpq FpoycoiNi AqFN 
i'FXHAAcociA rupc Fna)a)i NFMAq oyog ni- 

AF NTF NIKOAACIC ApFO^AN TTlFgOOy NTF 

0)0)ni AnAoDC 0)ApF $1" XOyO)T 20 
WKOAACIC OyO^ 0)AqfMTON NCDOy HF 
AAAA ANON t>A NIO)AMO)F IAO)AON MnAy^FMTON 

NAN np Fnrwpq fc>pN gAi NNAY NAI AF FTAY- 

C(DTFM FpCDOy NXF NlOypO)Oy NFM TTIMHO) 

AyrcoHT npxp AAAIANOC noypo NAq XF a)F 25 

140. TTIATTOAACDN niNlO^^ NNOyf A nFKgHT XO) glTFN 

HAO^AI NmxpoNoc FTOCK Xnoy ^-Noy NFM 

NFKCNHOy FTAyTODOyNOy FBoAbFN NHF0MO)- 

oyr NTFTFNoya>a)TNmAnoAAa)N niNi^NNoyl- 
Aqppoyd) NXF ICDBINOC npxAq NAq XF ANAGFMA 30 

17 



130 oyFPKCDMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 

FpoK o> mgoyop FTcoq NFH ntAnoAAo)N FTcoq 

NFMAK OyO AqlTq Fbpm fc>A NFNtfAAAAyX 

MmXrioc XF 'H'go Fpou HAOC rFoprioc niMAp- 

TypOC NTF IMC" nxC <))Al FpF NlCTpATlA NTF 

TCJ)^ (sic) xoytt)T FBoA bAxoaq fc>BN oy^ia)0)0)oy 5 

FqOCD FGpFqi (^ApCJDOy t>FN 'fBAKl NTF HXC 
FpOK HAOC MOl NAN (JDN TMpOy 
NTC^pAPtC NTF IHC NFM ITICOMC NTF 

nxc oyo TCOB^ Anoc F^pwi FXO>N ^INA NTFq- 

O)TFMFNTFN FniMO)lT FTANl FBoA NbttTq NKF 10 

con nieMHi AF FTAqNAy FnoyNA^I" Aqf 

NNOyO)FN(J)AT t>FN niKAgl ACOyCDNg FBOA NXF 

oyMoyMt MMcooy pcoyoBcy MMAO^O) oyog Ay(Ti 
MnicbMc THpoy N^HTC FBoA ^ITFN tAKoyBOc 
niXnocToAoc FeoyAB ncoN NICJDANNHC t>FN is 

(|)pAN M^)lO)T NFM na)Hpl NFM niTTN^ FGOyAB 

A niXrioc rpcopnoc epoygcoA FnpcwT F 

NTOyFNKOT AyXODK FBOA t>FN OygHpHN 

6Aoy FboyN FnmApA&icoc NTF noyNoq 

NFNTCDBg MniXriOC TFCDpriOC MFNFNCA NAl 20 

AF npxF Nioypcaoy NNoyppwoy KF oy nF 

FTFNNAAtq MnAl MAPOC ^)At OyOg AyFpKF- 

AFyiN FepoyiNi AniAnoc #IXFN niBHMA np- 

XCDOy NAq XF gtTFN TFKMFTpFqFp^lK AKTAMON 

2AN2^FMO)N FpAToy go)c po)Mi oyo^ nAi pnf 25 
Aqepoy<ToAKq FBoA Aqepoyeioyi Fpoq k>FN 
eANO)BO)T FyMFg Ncoypi a)ATF npqcNoq COOK 

niKAgl nF OyO Aqoy AgCA^l FKO)f t>FN 
THpC O^ATOyXtMl NNOyXHpA NgHKl 
6AI FTF MMON gAl NgHKl NnECpH^ t>FN 



NFTTICKOTTOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



131 



THpc Aqepoygioyi Mnienm FboyN FHFCHI 
NAqxo) MMOC np XF 'VNA'to^cDO) Nnio^AoA NTF 
NirAAiApoc FTAI Tooyi AF u)(om AqTCDNq NXF 

141. TTlMAKAplOC TFCDpriOC AqXIHl NnFqCGDMA 

AqoyxAi FBoAi>FN NippboT oyo A niHi Tnpq 5 

FpOy(OlNl NIMATOl AF FGNFMAq fcFN HtHl FTAy- 

NAy FmoyoHNi FT^OCI Ay^Fi FHFCHT Twpoy 
gixFN noygo oyo^ A noc xo> 
CAno)(oi NniMA *FpF niXrioc nnoq 

NniApXHArrpAoc cApAeiwA FepFqo)(oni 10 
FniOHHi oyo^ nAi pw^ A noc 
AqgcuA Fno)o)i FNt(])Hoyi JDFN 
oyoooy A niXrioc PF(opnoc AMONI NNIMATOI 
AqToyNocoy Aq^NOH^ N(oooy (sic) oyog nAi- 
pwl- Aqoyopnoy NNH FTF Noyoy t>FN oygi- ^ 
PHNH Neoq AF Aqo^i t>FN mm NTF "fxHpA 
N^HKI [npxAq NAC] XF HA oyoom NHI NTAoy- 
onq XF oyoN ic r NF^ooy NnioyFM \\ oyo^ 

ACFpOyd) NXF ^XHpA N^HKl XF X(O NHl FBoA 
nAOC XF MHON (OIK t>FN nAMl AN nFXF niAPlOC 20 
TFODpriOC NAC XF FpNA^ 1 FNIM NNOy^ ACF- 
pOy(0 NXF 1"XHpA NC^IMI XF FlNAg^ FntAnoA- 
ACDN nFXF niMAKAplOC NAC XF F9BF (|)Al AAH00DC 

MMON (OIK t>FN nFHt oyog FTAqNAy 2 Fnpqgo 
NXF f C^IMI FqoyoBcy oyog Fqoi NNoycaiNi 25 
M^PH^- NNoyArrFAoc NTF noc nFXAC XF^NAC^F 

NW NTAKOD^" NCA OyCOlK NnAl APIOC Np(OMt NTF 
ApHOy FGBHTq *1~NAXIMI NNOygMOT 



) Read FTACNAy. 



2) Read 



132 oyprKOUMtON FAqTAoyoq NXF mMAKApioc. 
NA6~iCFy FTAC0)A FBoA NXF fcgini 

FMCl 17F FpF TTFqgO FpOyOHNl MMAO)0) 



oyo# NApF TTFqcoi TOM FoycTyAoc TTF 

(|)Al NAqTAHOyT FpATq TTF FqT 
KFOyAl NO^F FTAqKCJDO) fc>FN +OyACOl NTF 5 
NTF 'i'XHpA NgHKl fc>FN ^OyNOy FTA TTlCOl 

...... NTF nio)F 

FBoA oyog AqgooA Fno)0)i 

NTF fceiHl AqFpCAnO)O)l 
NKODT FT<M)Cl NTF fnoAlC NIF MMAgl A MlXAnA 10 

XHArrFAoc INI NAq NoyrpAnF^A Aqoycon 

TTlMAKAplOC AqXA OyO)lK NTF T(])F glXFN 
NTF ^XHpA ACHOg NNO)IK FTCOTTT 
fol. 142. MMAC^O) AqCMOy FTTFCW AqMOg NAPAOON NIBEN 

M^pH-t Anmi NNioypoooy oyog FTACI FboyN is 

NXF ^CglMl ACNAy FH^O NTTlAriOC TFCDpriOC 
FqFpOyODtNl M(J)pHf M4)pH ACNAy 
FCMFg NNO)IK NFM APAGON NIBFN NFM 

FBOA HF2CAC fc>FN HFCgHT XF A 

i FboyN FTTAHI ANOK bA fTA^F- 20 

TKDpOC 4qFpBOH9lN FTAMFTeHKl Oyog ACTAXH 
ACglTC F^pHl fc>A NFN^AAAyX MniOMHl ACOy- 
0)0)T MMOq FCXO) MHOC XF NAl t>ApOl nAUC 

Aqppoycb NXF niXnoc nFXAq NAq (sic) XF TCDNI 

FepHl ANOK AN HF 4>f NNlPAAlAFOC AAAA ANOK 25 
OyBCOK NTAq HFXF ^XHpA NAq ICXF N00K 
OyBODK NTAq Oyoe ICXFN NAIXIHI gHOT NHFK- 
M60 FBOA O) HAOC MOl NHl NnipH^ FeplCAXl 
NnEKHOO FBOA FIF2CF niAPlOC NAC CAXl TCXF 
XF OyON NTHl NNOyXAoy FqXH fc>FN NABOT 30 



NFTTICKOnOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



133 



(})Ai &F oyBFAAp np NKoyp oyog fr 
JB. FTAMoq FNAGFU^FY oyoy A npquDT Moy AqXAq 

FINBOKl MMOq FlXH t>FN S NNABOT OyO ICXFN 

FTAiMAcq MmxAq FepoyNAy Fpoq Ftyom 

HAOU NTF 17FKNAI TAOl r f'NANAg r f" gtt) EFTFK- 5 

, 
NOyt HFXF niGMHl NAC XF HlNAt NTF HOC 

NAO)0)m NF M(J)OOy TOTF ANIOyi NW FMNAl 
MHAl XAoy ACINI NAq NTTlAAoy FBoAbFN ^MAg 
T NNOyAMl NTF HFCHl OyOg ACXAq fc>FN 

KFNq MmXrioc rFcaprioc Neoq &F NAqo^AwA 10 
np oyog AqFpc(j)pAriiN MMoq NFM 
oyog AqNiqi FboyN BFN nFqgo 

FBOAbFN NFqBAA NXF e^NKHKC OyO^ 
MBOA CATOTq FIFXF TFqMAy NAq XS 
MApOyCODTFM NXF NFqMAU)X OyO^ NTFqMOO^l 15 
T7FXF niGMHl NAC XF 0) 'tcglMl XF ^Al pODa)l 

Fpoq iNoy AFOC oyo^ Aio^ANMoy^ Fpoq 

NTFqCOOTFM FTACMH NTFqMOt^l NTFqXCOK FBOA 
OyO MnFCO^XFMXOM NNOyCDgFM NAq 

FCNAy FTTFq^o M^pwi" NNoyArrpAoc 20 

NTF (j)^ TOTF niO NNOypO NANOMOC FTAyi 

)1. 143. FyciNi JDFN NinAATtA NTF inoAic oyog FTAy- 

NAy FniO)HN FTAqpCDT EBOA ^tTFN <JH" NFM 

niXnoc rpcoprioc FqcAno^oDi N^noAic NIF 
MMA^I N^ICI AyTODMT THpoy gioycon HFXF 25 

AA2^1ANOC TTOypO XF Oy HF nAl XINNAy FTAq- 

(^o>ni fc>FN noAic 1 N(j)ooy FGBF nAi NIO)^ NC^HN 

FTtfoCl FTAq(|)lpl FBOA MHAl MA TTFXODOy NAq 



Eead -fnoAlC. 



134 OyFPKCDMlON FAqTAOyOq NXF TTlMAKAplOC. 

XF FTA TAl 2COM 0^0)171 FBoAglTFN PFOUpriOC 

mrAAiAFOc oyoe AqoyA^CAeNi Fepoynoyf 
FiiiArioc rFcoprioc NAq Aqepoygioyi Fpoq 

NXF H NKFCTCDNAplOC t>FN gANMOyT MHACl 
NA U)ATF NFqCApJ gFl ^IXFN Hl- 

Koyxi oyog NTF npqcNoq a)oyo 
nFqcyAi M^pw'f- NNoyMODoy oyo^ 
AqepoyiNi w^ANAAMnAC wxpcan NToyen*oy 
NFqc^)ipaDoyi AqepoyiNi Nwoy^oxi 
AqepoyajToq FKCDC oyo^ NToyTouTc N^AN K 
(sic) FTTFqcoDMA F^oyN F^^OXI NO)F Fyipi 
. NO oyog Aqepoy(])a)N Fxcwq NoyeHN NFM oyAAH- 

XAHT AqepOy(TFpO NNOyXptOH FqMOg MHAO)0) 

HAI PH^ Aq'V HnmHA NXF nienwi oyog A 

NFqKAC NFM NFqCApJ pODKg AyFpKFpHl FyCOH 1& 

AqepoycbAi NTFqKFpni # I *N oyrcDoy 

Fpoq XF Acoypiow Aycopq 1 F 
nircDoy NFM ni9woy oyo^ AyrAceoaoy 

NXF NlgynFpFTHC FyNHOy F^BAKl CATOTOy 
t>FN OyiODC 1C ^ANXApABAt AyO^COni NFM AN- 20 
CFTFBpHX NFM OyNlO)^ MMONMFN &(bC 2S.F 
NTF TTKAgl HIM O)A NFqCFN^ ^ HTT nF 1C FTFNOC 

IHC nxc Aqi FXFN oyo^nni NNoya>tNi NFM 
NFqArrpAoc FeoyAB NAygcoc fc>Axa)q HF Aqoy- 

AgCA^W N2CF HOC MHt^ N6HOy NTF TTWAl 25 

Fepoyecaoyf- NAq F^oyN NnicycDicy NTF HCODMA 
NniXnoc rpcoprioc oyog AqMoyf NXF noc 

fc>FN TFqCMH NNOyf FqXO) MMOC XF TFCDpriOC 



Read Aycopc, 



NEniCKOTTOC ABBA 6EO&OTOC. 



135 



TTAXAoy TO)NK O) TTAMENplT EBoAk>EN TTIENKOT 
XE XNOK nETOyAgCA2W NAK t>FN ^OyNOy 
.44. AqTCDNq NXE niHAKAplOC M^pH^ NNOyTTAT- 

EqNwoy EBoAt>EN nuqMANo^AeT X nuc 
nnoq Aq'f NACJ N^ewpMNH (sic) 5 



KAplOC AE TECOpriOC AqffOXl gl(j)AOY NNIMATOI 
EqXCO MMOC XE (flXoyO) NHl O) NACNHOy E9pl[l] 
NEMCDTEN O)A NAl AGNOyt NNOypO)Oy NIMATOl 

AE ETAYNAY Epoq AyEpgof oyog AyEpo)(j)Hpi 10 

MMOC bEN OyCMH NNOyODT XE NOOK Oy- 

IHC nxc nENoc XE NipcoMi ETAyEp- 
oyo Aya^Ao)oy NEM menoy oyo^ 
E0BE nEKpAN E0oyAB noc AKToyNocoy EyoNb 
NKECon Ay^troy CTECHT Ayoyoao^T AniXnoc is 

TEODpriOC EyXO) MMOC XE nENOC MOl NAN ^0)N 
Ntc(j)pAriC NTE nxc niMAKAplOC 2VE TEODpHOC 

Aqxoc 1 Aco)0)m NXE oyMoyMi MMoooy ECgoAx 

MMAO^O) AqTCDB^ AE ON Aqi NXE ICOANNHC 

niEyArrEAicTwc oyo Aqf(OMC NNIMATOI Eyipi 20 
NI (NK) oyog AqcMoy NXE niEyArrEAicTHC 
EniXnoc TEcapnoc NEM NIKEMATOI oyog Aq- 
^onq EBoAgApcaoy NIMATOI AE NEM niXnoc 
TEcoprioc Ayi Eycon C^A Nioypcooy 2 XE (Jia^mi 

NCDTEN O) NtXNOMOC NAGNOyf OyOg 1C TEflDp- 25 
riOC (j)H ETApETENO)AO) TEqKEpMl NEM niGHOy 



The scribe has left out some words here. 
2) We must add here some few words like oyO 
:co MMOC. 



136 OyFTKODMlON FAqTAOyoq NXF TTlMAKAplOC. 

ic nxC IHC TTFNOC oyo TTFNNoyt AqToyNOcq 

FBoAbFN NH FOMODOyT F0BF (])At PAp ANON 

THpoy Fycon TeNNA^ poq ICXFN fnoy 

ANON PAp ANON ANMATOl NTAq NlOypODOy 

AP FTAyNAy FniXnoc rFcopnoc Fqo#i FpArq 
AyFpo)(|)Hpi MMAojo) AyppHFApyiN FepoyoAq 
Fnio)TFKo o^AToyco(fNi XF FyNAFpoy NAq 

N1MATOI ^F gANOyON FBoA Nt>MTOy FTF 

Ktt)N TTF NFM niKFP NCON AAClpt NFM 

NFM ICJDCH^) AyTHlTOy NNlGHplON AyXO)K FBOA 10 

AycbAi NTOYA<])F bFNpooc NTcwqi oyog 
pwf Ayxo)K FBoA Ay<Ji NnixAoH NArAom 
ficoyB NHIABOT nAc^oNC FpF noycMoy FeoyAB 

0)0)m NFHAN THpoy O)A FNF^ AMHN MFNFNCA 

fol. 145. NAI *F AyFj3KFAeyiN FepoyiNi MntAnoc recop- is 
noc N0)oy NXODTT XF NNF NIHVIO) NAy Fpoq. 
pqoNb NToyf'a^caa) Ncooy FTAyFNq &F nFxcooy 

NAq XF PFCDpriOC ANFHl H^OOy XE N90K 

oycAb HHAroc HMON oyoN FqoNi HMOK fc>FN 
nixocMoc THpq AomoN (Ji NAK FBoA ^ITOTPN 20 

NNOyKywAlNAplON [N]NOyB OyOg HAO^F NAK 
FBOA fc>FN TAl noAlC NXCOH XF NNF gAl FHl 
FpOK glNA NTFKKHN ^(JDK FBoAfc>FN NAI BACANOC 
NFM NAI blCl FTPKO^CDH HHCDOy AqFpOyO) NXB 

niMAKApioc nFXAq Ncaoy XF ti) Nioy^op FT- 25 

(fAbFM AlXO) NCCDl NNAXpHMA FTOO) FTA NAlof 
XAy NHl NAI FTtpl N^OyO C NKyNAlNAptON 
NNOyB NFM 2Y^ y NKWNAlNAplON N^AT NFM 
NATFBNCDOyi FTF MnidlHnt MMODOy FNF NFM 
NAFBIA1K NgCDOyT NFM CglMl MFM D 30 



NETTICKOTTOC ABBA GEOkOTOC. 



137 



ETOO) NEM NAEXHOy NEH NAHANAAoAl ETOl 
NEM NAOl NXOUT NEM NATTAAAATION 
oil. ETCEACO)A EBOA KATA TTAl KOCMOC NE(])AHOY 
AtXA NAl TMpOy NCOH NEM TAKEMAy NEH 
NAKECNHOy E6BE (])pAN MTTAOC 1HC TTXC AtU)En 5 
[MAl]t>lCl THpOy EBOAglTEN 0HNOy E6BP TEqA- 
rAHH XE NNAXAC NCCOl O)A ENE^ ^NOy XE 0)TEN 
TETEN^CO^Nl NHl XE INA NTA^l NT NKyN- 
^INAplON NNCTyB eiTEN 0HNOY [EINA]XO)A EBOA 
M(jr}- NNlXpHCTHANOC NTAgCDA EnO)lK NAMEN^ 10 
U)A ENEg NnETENpH^- 0) NH ETC[g]oyOpT EHl- 
XpO)M NENE2 NBM HETENIODT HlAlABoAoC NEH 
NEqAEHCON ETAyCCOTEH 2^E ENAl NXE NlANOHOC 
AyXGUNT HHAO)0) AyEpKEAEyiN EGpOyiNl NNOy- 
OM NEH OyCHlAAA Ay^ODKl HHlC^Ap NTE 15 

TEqX^)E oyog AyiNi iqr NB EyAoBo^ N[x]po>H 
oyog Aygnroy EboyN ENEqBAA oyog nAipH'f- 
Ayqoaxi EBoA NXE TEqXAAoy B'f- AyepoyxoDXi 
EBoA NnEqAAC AyTAAo NNEqiTAAAAyx Eoyo^E 

AyKODC^ NNlCHqi NTEpATq fc>EN ANKEAEBlN 20 

AyqAi HHoq AyXAq fc>EN mo)TEKO EpE oyoN 
oyuoyxi Nwqi coxn wt>HTq Ayo^E Ncooy Enoy- 

l. 146. HA fc>EN OyiGDC EyCOH fcEN T(J)A(^l NniEXO)pg 

Aqi EboyN Enio)TEKo NKE nuc NEH NEqArrEAoc 
EeoyAB oyo^ Aqgioyi fiTEqxix ^IXEN nEq- 25 
CCDHA rupq AqTAAifoq AqrA^oq EpATq nEXAq 

NAq XE XEHNOH^ NAK 01) TTAHENplT HAAINATOC 
EGOyAB ^OH NEHAK NEH TTAUOT NAPAGOC 
NEH nmFiA EGOyAB Aqfc>0)NT TAp EpOK flXE 

NTEKNA^l N^pHni NTE ^HETOypO 30 

18 



138 OYFPKCJOMION FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 

NJDHTq NFM TT12; NXAOM NATAODM 0)A FNF 
NTF N1FNF NAl AF FTA HOC XOTOy NAq 

AqppACTTA^FceF MMoq oyo# AqMAgq Tupq 
NXOM AqgouA Frro)o)i fc>FN oycboy NFM oyTAio 
FNi())Hoyi FTAqra)Nq AF wgANNAToo 
noypo AAAIANOC nEXAq NNIMATOI XF 

NCDTFM FTTIO)TFKO ANAy XF Oy HF FTAqOJGDTTl 
AXO) NXpHCTHANOC FTAye>A FniO)TFKO 

nniMAKApioc Fqoi H^pwf ICXFK Hnoy- 

TT. FpBACANt^lN HMOq FTTTHpq HF OyOg Ay^lTOy 10 
FTTFCHT Ayoya)0)T HMOq FyXO) MMOC XF 
TF^I-^O FpOK nFNOC TFCDpriOC AplTTFN 0)** 
NBCDK NnFKNOyt niPFMNEOC AqTCABCDOy FHXC 

N^AoapFA NTF TTKDMC peoyAB 
Ayi NFMAq Fycon C^A Nio^poooy is 

MMOC XF ANON ^ANXpHCTHANOC NBO)K 

NTF nxc THC oyo^ noc NIMHO) AF FT Ay N Ay 
FTTiXrioc TFcaprioc Fqogi FpATq MMON gAi 
a)on MMoq FpF npqgo Fpoycai^i 
^)pH Aycaa) FBoA Fyxa) MMOC XF 20 

MMON NOyV fc>FN T(|)F Oy^F 

FBwA F$ i t NrFcopnoc IHC nxc 
oyoyo^ (sic) nFNNoyt oyog ANON rwpFN FNHH 
Fpoq ICXFN HAI NAy TOTF NIANOMOC Aytytni 

MMAO)0) TTF AyXCDNT t>SN OyENBON AyoyA^- 25 
CAW NmCTpATEyMA F0pOy6Aoy NCABOA 

N^noAic oyo^ NCFoaAi NroyX^F t>FN pa>c 
NTcwqi oyo^ nAtpwl* Ayxa>K FBoA NToyMAp- 
rypiA Ay(Ji NnixAoM NATACOM O^A FNFe NTF 

N1FNF3 THpOy AMHN NCOy KF MH1ABOT FIIUTI 30 



MFniCKOTTOC ABBA 0EO&OTOC. 



139 



fol 147. Eyipl MB N0|0 NFM y Mtt)E fc>EM TOyHm MEM 
TTIKFH MMATOl FTAy<H MFTKDMC FpF TTOyCMOy 

FeoyAB ojami MFMAM Twpoy u)A FNF# AMHM 

AAH0a)C 0) MAMFMpAi* AlO)ANglTOT FNtblCl 

rupoy FTAqFpgynoHFNiN Fpcooy NXF nieMHi 5 
niMATOi Nxoupi NTF Hxc mXnoc rFODprioc 
Fepixoroy nicwoy NAHoyNK spot finA'tcyxo- 
roy Tupoy XF CFOO) MMAcyco oyog oypo)Mi 

FTAqFp ^ NpOMHl NFOOy bpN OyMAN NOyODT 
Fy^FMCl NXF O NOypO NFM NOyCTpATFyMA 10 

Fycporq Fpoq MMAyArq JDFN TTIKOCMOC THpq 
MEM Aypwxq AAwecoc ^TOMT oyo^ I'eoBcy EBoA 

foi MU)(|)Hpl MMAO)(JD 0) NACNHOy AlO)AM())lpl 
FNIAPOON M(^OyFp(A)(J)Hpl MMCJDOy MTF niMlO)')- 
MpEqFpOyCWNl OyO^ MMFMplT MTE $1" (|)H 15 

peoyAB niXnoc rFCDpnoc nixcopi MTE nxu 
^)Ai FTAqogi FpATq MMAyATq fcFN -foiKoy- 

ffB. MENH THpC FTE MMON \l O)Oya)M MMOq 
FBOA AN M80q TTXC A niAPlOC TFCOpriOC COgl 

wuoypcjDoy THpoy MTE niKOcnoc MEM woy- 20 

ApXCON EqOyCDNg FBOA MTTUC MTE TFNXOM 2CF 

Meoq TIE (tjrf- MTE oyoM MIBEM AiNAMoyf Fpon 

XE NIM 0) HAOC TEGDpriOC fc>EN NH EGOyAB 
AtO)AMXOC EpOK XE npO^HTHC IE MOM00FTHC 
IE AM MTAXOC 2CF AnOCToAoC IE MApTypOC 25 
IF AlKEOC KFMAAAON KEMHO)A fc>EN OyMFGMHl 
O) TTlMENplT MTE HXC FOplMOy^ FpOK t>EN MAI 
pAM THpoy AtO)AMXOC FpOK XE npO(|)HTHC AK- 

6ici TTApApcooy oyog MOMOGFTHC KoyoT Epcooy 

MNHCAIAC t>FN OBAOO MO)E t>EN 30 



140 oyprKODMiON FAqTAoyoq hxF ntMAKApioc. 



oycon NNoycon Noyorr FGBF 

KOT NNOyCOTT NNOyODT NFM NH F00yAB THpOy 

NOOK AF (DK cb TTAOC rscoprioc AYBACK fc>FN 

NlBAU)Oyp NpO B NFM NITpOXOC NFH NICHqi 
NpOB NFM NIKFAFBIN OyOg ON AKMOy F6BF 5 
fol. 148. ^MFeHHl ...... NCOn MODyCHC AF ON niMOM09F- 

THC aq^ay Foyuoyxt fc>FN md)oy NTF nuc 
NOOK 2 a)K TTAOC rFcoprioc X noc Amcboy NFH 

TTITAIO CAXl NpO NFM pO NFHAK NlXnoCToAoC 
MFN NAygl(JDl(y nF t>FN ^-OlKOyMFNH THpC 10 
NIB NFM TTIKFO HMA0HTHC AyCOgl NNl- 

FiAcaAoN AyrAcecDoy Fnxc ntoyAi m- 

OyAl t>FN TFqX(Jl)pA NFM TTFCOypO N60K ^O)K 

cb mcioy FTFpoyooiNi AKCO^I MMAYATK NNI- 
a)AMO)Fi^a)AoN NFM woypcooy NFM NoycrpA- 15 

TFyMA NFM niKOCMOC THpq AKO)Atpl FpCOOy 

rwpoy t>FN nixpa>M NTF T(J>F oyo^ AKepF 

<J)pAN MnxC FpOyOHM fc>FN HIKOCMOC THpq 
NIKFMApTypOC ON m0)B OyCDNg FBOA XF AK- 

^ici fepcooy rwpoy Fycon FGBF XF ANOK AN 20 

TTFTXO) NAK N^)Al AAAA HOypO NTF NlOypCOOy 
IHC nxC nFNOC FTFpMFepF fc>ApOK (i) niMA- 
KAplOC XF MMON OyON FqONl NIODANNHC fc>FN 
NIMlCt NTF NlglOMt MMON OyON FqONl MMOK 

fc>FN NiMAprypoc Tnpoy FTAya^cam oyog NNF- 25 
oyoN (^o)m FqoNi MMOK u)A FNF^ NI^IKFOC 

AK^lCl HApApODOy ITFN TFKgynOMONH t>A 
NFM TTUBl NFM NlO)TFKO)Oy NFM Nt- 
NTF NIBACANOC NAl FTt>FN TTFKCCDMA 

NFM niFxcope **% NpoMni NFgooy 30 



NFTTlCKOnOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



141 



MAAtCTA niTOyBO NTF TTFKCGDMA AAAA AAw00)C 

d) TTIAPIOC ppcoppioc AKtfici MMAOJCD d) mpw 

NTF 'i'MFGMHl FOTF NtTTATplApXHC NFM NlKpl- 

THC Tupoy nAnN d) ntMFNpiT NTF nxc ++0 

FpOK NrrPpglTTgO XF NTTIOJXFMXOM t>FN TTANOyC 5 
FTXOXFB FXO) NTTFKTAtO FTifoCl 'fFMt t>FN Oy- 
MF0MHI XF OyXF ANOK t>A HtFAAXICTOC 0FO- 
AOCtOC Oy^F NH F0NHOy MFNFNCCDl TFNNAO^XO) 
AN NTUTAIO NHAl X0)pt MMATOt NTF T7XU d) 
NAMPHpA"}" NCNHOy F0BF NINtO)^ NJ31CI FTAq- 10 

o)onoy NTAI 2, wpoMni ^ITFN nAio N0HpioN 

FT^CJDOy AAAA TFNNAKOTFN bFN (j)Oya)U) McJ)^ 
149. NTFN'f NNOyXODK NTTlFNrCDMlON OyOg NTF TFN- 
TAMOJTFN FITXGDK FBOA N+AOAyClC F00yAB 
NTF niNA[l]ATq t>FN OyMF0MHl niAPlOC TFODp- 15 

noc Aca)a>ni AF MFNFNCA NAI FTAyNAy NXF 

niO N NOypO XF 1C ^ NpOMni TOyFpBACA- 

MHAI APIOC Nnoya^ifpo FnFqAopicMoc 
>yo# Aybo0BFq NP Neon AqTCDNq 
NH F0MO)oyT oyo^ Ayco^Ni FTA^oq 20 

fc>FN gANCAXl NKOAAKIA nAtpH^ AqFpKFAFyiN 
F0pOyiNl MniMAKAplOC gtXFN niBHMA TTFXF 

^AMANOC noypo NAq MnAipH^- XF PFcoppioc 

0)F HANHB nipH NFM TTUO NFM NINOyf THpOy 
NFM TOyMAy ApTFMIC XF ^NAC^COn FpOl NFMAK 25 
M^pwt- NNOyO)Hpl MMFNptT NTHl OyOg g(OB 
NIBFN FTFKNAFpFTIN MMODOy O)A T(j)AO)l NTF 
TAMFTOypO NTFTHlTOy 1 NAK THpOy MONON 



Sic; read NTATHlTOy. 



142 oyFrKCDMtON fcaqrAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 



CCDTFM NCOH gO)C ICDT NTFKOyO)O)T NTTIA- 

noAAcoN NNoycon NNoyo)T NTFKFP MA^B t>FN 
TAMFToypo oyog AqFpoyd) NXF menm oyog 
npxAq XF FpF nAt CAXI NGCDN NTOTK TTF AO) 
<|)ooy np ic wpoMni FKFPBACAMI^IN HHOI 

MMHNt nF 1C r NCOn AlXFMTUTl M(|)MOy FBOA- 

^ITOTK A TTAUC IMC nxc ToywocT oyo^ AI- 

MOyNK FBoAglTFN N1BACANOC FTAKTHlTOy NW 
FBHA XF FpF ITACGDTHp AMONl NTA\|/yXH 

nF [M]MON NAiNAMOy Nnoycon NNoycor K 
AM AAAA oyeBA Neon np nAwN NniccDTFH FNF^ 

NgANCAXl MnAlpH^ OyO KFMl AN 0) HOypO 

xe mo)AoA rnpq NTE NirAAiAFOc AN(|>yAo- 

NIKOC NF OyO^ CF^ Ft>OyN FgpFN FNH fef 

NFMoaoy AomoN ic ewnnF A NFKCAXI ^Fpoyarr i. 
N(|)ooy oyog NFKCAXI CFGCDT NnA^HT 
noypo &F AAAIANOC FTAqcoDTFM FNAI 

AqpAO)l MMAO)0) nF Aq+CJ)! FXFN TA^)F NTTl- 

Anoc rFODprioc niMAKApioc ^F TTFXAq Hnoypo 
XF g^N^ FBoA^Apoi d) noypo NnFp^(j)i Fpot 20 
AN 'f-Noy oy^F TAA(j)F a^A+c^cDT NniAnoAAooN 

NO^Opn HFNFNCCOC AJ3lOyi N())H F9pANA HHOK 

fol. 150. Fycon AAAA XpwFAFyiN FepoyoAr F 

a)A nFqpAC'f- XF A niFgooy CINI oyo# F 

NTF rooyi a)(oni oyo# MApF nmypi^ CDO^ FBoA 25 

NTOyi THpOy NCFNAy FpOl FIO)0)T NNlNOyf 

TOTF AqFpoya) NXF noypo nFXAq NAq XF 

NNFCCyOam MMOl NKFCOn FOptglTK FniO)TFKO 
O) nAHFNplT TFODpriOC AAAA NitlCl FTAITHI- 
TOy NAK XAy NHl FBOA gCOC +FHI AN AAAA 30 






NFTTlCKOnoC ABBA GEOAOTOC. 



143 



FpOK 0)C IODT OyO AMOy NFMHl Ffc>OyN 

TTIMA FpF 

XH MMOq fc>FN TTWOtTCJDN 

AqoAq FboyN NXF noypo Aqgrrq Ffc>oyN FTTI- 

KOITCDN NTF H1MA FpF ^OypO) XH HMOq OyOg 
Aqi FBOA C^A NlOypODOy AqFpAplCTON MFHCDOy 
FTA pOygl 2CF O)O)ni A TTlAriOC TFCDpriOC 

NNFqKFAi AqrcoB^ Fqxo) MMOC 

XF nuc nANoyt MHON ^>w FTONI HMOK fc>FN 

NtNoyi* THpoy NOOK OF noc $1* HHON HFT- 10 

NAO/lNl MMOK OyOg F0BF Oy A gANFGNOC 
FBOA gANAAOC AyFpHF/\FTAN N2ANFT- 

oyo^ Ayeoaoyf FyMA NXF Nioypo>oy 

THpoy NTF HKA^l NOyKFApXCJDN Ayi FOyHA 

AycAxi NCA nuc NEM F^oyBF npqxpc Fycon 15 
ACFpoyco NXF *i-oYpa> HFXAC XE HAOC rFa>p- 
noc NIH NF wioypcDoy FTAyea)oy r i" NFM woy- 

ApXODN IF NIM nF TJIOC FTAy^OyBHq NEM 

nFqxpc MIN (sic) HF MATCABOI Fpoq CD TTAOC TF- 
copnoc AqoycDN npoaq NXF niMAKApioc AqBO)A 20 

FpOC NMl^HTlMA FTO)HK NTF MirpA(|)H FNATTAC 
NFH ffiFpl OyO^ AqTAHOC NmpH^ NCOyFN- 

(|)ia)T NFH na^npi NFM mnHA FeoyAB oyog 
AqTAMOc Nnipnf FTA nuc GAMIO NT^F NFM 
riKAgi NFM nipn NFM miog NFM Nicioy NFM 25 

TT16AMIO THpq OyO^ AqTAMOC ON XF FTAq- 

GAMIO Mnipo)Mi FBoAfc>FN oyuAgi d) 

MH FTAqCODNT MMOq AN FBOA NtHTq 
FTAqXIMI NGODN NNAl KAC NFM NAl MO^ NFM 
HAl 0)Ap NFM NAl BAA NFM TTAl AAC NFM TAl 30 



144 oyerKouMiON EAqrAoyoq NXE ntMAKAptoc. 



U)BO)Bl NEM 1TAI CODTFM NEM TTAl 0)0)pM NEM 
fol. 151. TTAl XINGAMIO NTE NAt BHOyi THpOy MH ^ 

TTE ETAqGA[M]io NNAi THpoy oyo mpa)Mi 

EBoAbEN TTA10MI NNOyCOT AqMA^q NKA^" NEM 
CO<j)lA EBOAt>EN niEMl HHHl NTE $+ AqXAq 5 

nmApAAicoc NTE noynoq oyoe Aqf NAq 

EHEqCAXl 1 (toC 
OC N00q 2CE nipODHl AqEpATCODTEM NCA TTEqoC 

AqeoaT wngHT wnEqxAxi Aqnoy MEHAq t>EN 

(])NOBt AqeO)A EHECHT EAMENf NEMAq O^A 10 
AN ETAq[NAy] AE NXE 4>t ETTEq9AMl6 
NlO)NHOy NTE OEqXA^l 

E6BE TEqHETArAeoc AAAA Aqoyo)pn 

MENplT NO)Hpt EntKOCMOC Aq 

HNA EGOyAB MEM ^AGCoAEB NnApOENOC 'fOEO- 15 

AOKOC HApiA oyog ACMAcq go)C po)Hi <jrf- 

nETXHK EBOA fc>EN OyMEGMHl OyOg ^)p(JDMl 

HE xo)pic HNOBI TTE MMAyATq oyog ETAyTAAoq 
EnicTAypoc IJEN nEqoyo)(p HHIN HHoq MEM 

ni't'MA^ NTE ^)1(OT NEH TTl[TTNA] EGOyAB OyOg 2C 

Aqnoy -bApON bEN TCApj a^ATeqco)'}- MMOH 

EBoAt>EN NENX1X NTE NENXAXl OyO^ AqTAC- 

Goq EnEqni NKECOTT ETP nmApAAicoc HE N 
noymoq ETAq^Ay ON NXE ni 

E^HETpCDMl 2CE ACCOyEN niAyMlOypPOC HMHl 2f 

$1" AqgooA EboyN NNioypcooy NEM NiApxa>N 

NTE HKA^l OyOg AyGAHIO EgANl2kO)AON bEN 

oyog Ayoya)a)T 



Ms. A 



NFTUCKOnoc ABBA 9FO&OTOC. 



145 



MMcooy 1 oyoe AyXA noypeqeAMio Nccaoy 
FTdoci TTFXF ^oypco oyn NAq XF oyn oyN 
TTAOC rFtoprioc TTAOU MFNFNCA 4>t NA 

2AN&FMCON NF TJFXF niHAKAplOC NAC XF 

^ANAFHa>N FTga)oy MF oyog HFXF -foypo) 
XF TTAOC rFoapnoc qccDoynoy n^ AN 
noypo FBHA FniAnoAAoaN +Noy oyN MATAHOI 

XF FTA na)Hpl M^t I FHIKOCMOC NAO) NpH^ 
Oyoe TTEXF niMAKAplOC TFODpriOC XF CO)TFM 
FpOl 0) AAFAN2ipA ^OypO) CODTFM FAAyi^ 10 
152.FqXO) MMOC XF (|)H FTeFMCl g^F^ WXFpOyBIM 
FBOA OyO^ qAl NTFKMFTXCOpl AHOy 
F(J)NAgHFN OyOg FJFXF AAyiA ON XF 
FqFl FfTFCHT MC^pH'f- NNOyMOyN^CJDOy g lxtN 
OyCOpT FTF ^HApeFNOC TF CCOTFM 0) ^OypO) 15 

[FJABBAKoyn nmpo^HTHc Fqxa) MMOC XF noc 

AlCCOTFM FnFKbpCOOy AtFp^O'f- OyO^ Al'i" Nt AIT 3 
NNFKF^BHOyl AITCDMT KFPAp ntHNA FOOyAB 
ATXF 4 NAl THpOy OyO^ HFXF ^OypO) NAq ON 
XF TTAOC FTA TTinpO(|)HTHC CODTFM FTTCAXl MHOC 20 
OyO AqFp^O^ F8BF Oy IF FTAq'f'NIATq NNOy 
t>FN NFq^BHOyt AqTCOMT TTFXF niMAKAplOC NAC 
XF CCOTFM 0) ^OypO) FTA mnpO(|)HTHC FMl 
XF HOC NHOy FBOA^FN T^F AqFp0+ AqFMl 
ON XF <J)NAa)a)ni NFM NtpODMl OyO^ AqTCOMT 25 

oyog ACFpoycb NXF ^oypco XF XAwecoc KAAcoc 
AKCAXI cb nipFqFpoy<oiNi FTXHK FBoA 



Read MMOq. 
3 ) Sic; read NIAT, 



2) Ms. 

4) Sic; read AqXF, 



19 



146 TTlErKOJMlON EAqTAOyoq NXE niMAKAplOC. 

(]B. EpOK TO)B MHOC EXGDl E0pEC<j)O)T CABoA MMOl 
NXE ^nAANH NTE NUAO)AON ETCOq TIEXE TTIA- 

noc rEcopnoc MAC XF NAg-f NE Neo 

EOOyAB NNOMOOyClOC OyO HMON ^Al 
NTE NUkO)AON NAO)fc>O)NT EpO AM EHTHp 

XE r t"NA^'t TTAOC AAAA ^Ep^of E0BE 

ewpiON ETgoDoy oyo^ ^Noypo NnApA- 

BATHC XE OyHl 0) nAOC OypEqOyEMCAp^ NpODHl 
HE fc>EN OyHEBMHl OyO OyAMOMOC HE E^OTE 
OyON NtBEN ETO)On ^ IXPN HftAgl TTAHN 0) nAOC K 
PEODpriOC ApEg EH At MyCTHplOM C^Afl EpATK 

E^AyAw NTE nxc mHia)^ NNoypo XAT AEOC 

NTAEHTON MMOl NNOyKOyXl 01) TTAUC NIODT 

EeoyAB oyo^ noc ca>oyNoy XE Aif^Hoy Epou 
MMAa)0) oyog ETA Tooyi AE ojcDni AqEp- ii 
NXE nikwoMOc fwoypo ET^o^oy ^INA 

MHlMAKAplOC NAq EBOAt>EN nmAA^A- 

TION EniEp^Hi NTE ^noAic oyo^ Aqoyoopn NAq 
fol. 153. NXE noypo XE ia)c MMOK AMoy a)Apoi oyog 

NTEKOyCOO^T NNlNOyf Oyoe NTBK(Tl NNOyNlO)t 2< 

NTAIO irroToy NNioypcooy Twpoy oyo# NToyf 
EXCOK NNoy6"pHni NNoypo oyo^ NTF HEK^HT 
oyNoq EpoK d) niMENpiT oyo^ ET^oAx MMAO)O) 

OyOg NTE OyON MIBEN NAy EpOK NHATEN^toA 
EniXplCTON OyO^ nEXE niMAKAplOC NAq XF 2 
NAK NOOK NEM NIOypCDOy MRAIMA 0)A- 
NNlNOy^ NTATAC601 EpOK OyO 
A niKEptJ (00) EBOA fc>EN OyNlO)"!" NXOM 

XE d) NiAAoc THpoy ecooy^ Twpoy A^ooy 
Fycon Eboyn EniEp(j)R gi^A NTETENNAY E TF- 3 






ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 147 

copnoc niNioj't NTF wrAAiAFOc 

NniATTOAAcDN TTlNlO) r f' NNOyf" OyO 

toywoy Ayecooyt Tnpoy NXF NAfnoAic Tnpc 

NtpODHl NFH NlglOMl FyCOH NAyOl NO)(])Hpl 
HF FMAO)0) F9BF HlMAKAplOC PFCUpriOC 

oyo# NAyxo) HMOC TTF 
? ncoc ^)Ai NAa)a)m AnieHHi 

g(OC FTACCCOTFM FNAl F8BF niMAKA- 
ptOC PFODpriOC fc>FN eMH'f- NniMHO) THpq ECXO) 
MHOC XF O) nAOC TFCDpriOC niMATOl NXCOpt 10 

NTF noypo nxc THC TTAOC d) (]>H FTAqFp oyeBA 

HMHINI NFM XOM ^FN TAl noAlC OyOg AK- 

Toynoc NipFqMouoyT oyog AK'f N<J)oya)iNi 
NMiBFAApy AxepF Ni^aAFy MOO^I NIFBO ^F ON 
AKepoycAxi oyog Niuoyp AKepoy CCDTFM NI- 15 

KAKCF^T AKTOyBODOy WXFMCJDN AKglTOy FBOA 
OyO^ ON AKU)0)TTl NNOypFqFpOyODtNl }3FN nt- 

KOCHOC THpq d) HAOC rFODprioc NIO)HN FTAypp- 
^oAi AKepoycycom HMACOYTA^ NKFCOO d> ^>H 

FTAqi Ffc>OyN FHAHl FlOl NHKl AlO)(Oni FlOl 20 
NpAMAO MHA(^0) OyO^ FICOpFM AqTACGOl gA 
154. ^ niRANTOKpATODp MMHl HFNFNCA MAI THpOy 
FTAKAlTOy i?FN (j)pAN MnXC AKNAOya)O)T Hm- 
AnoAA(ON FTtfAfc>FM oyO^ NTFR^im MnAAOC 

THpq NNixpncTiANoc mXrioc ^F rFcoprioc 25 

FTAqCOUTFM FpOC FCXO) NNAl CAXl NAl OyOg 
AqpAO)l FXFN nTAXpO NTF TTFCNAef Oyoe 
pO)q NCCJDBl FGOyAB EJ30yN FXO)C 




Sic; read 



148 niFrncDMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 

HMOC NnAtpHt XF X0> NnFO^Upt FgpW FXFN 



nKAi oyoe ACXAq FTTFCHT oyoe Aqppoyo) 
ON NXF niXrioc oyoe TiFXAq MmXAoy XF nxC 
nANoyt" TTFTXOD MMOC NAK XF TODMK Xnoy 

0)ApOl NTFKXODK FBOA MHACAXl Oyoe fcPN 

^oyNoy AyccoTFM NXF NFqMAcyx oyo^ Ay- 
TAxpo NXF ^Fq(TAAAAyx oyoe Aqi #A niXrioc 
rFoapnoc nFXF niXrioc rFouprtoc MOFHeo 

HniHHO) THpq XE MAO)F NAK F^OyN FHlFp- 

(J)Fi NTF niAnoAAo)N oyo^ NTFKXOC MHIA- 

noAAcoN nieoycDT xe FKfFpoK fieon niBFAAp 

qr. NKoyp oyo^ NATKA^" oyog NATFMI Xnoy 

FBOA XF CJHOy^] FpOK NXF niBO)K NTF $f 

rFO)pnoc oyo^ Aqgo>A Fboyn FniFp^)Fi NXF 
niKoyxi NNXAoy oyog Aqxoc nnAipn^ nmnA 
XE FT^AAwoyT Fnieoyo)T Aqcoo) FBoA XF ti> 

IHC niNA^COpFOC AKCFK OyON NIBFN FpOK HAl 
KOyXl 2VF NNAAoy ON AKTOyNOCq FgpHl FXO)l 

ON FBoA NecoN ^Noy oyo# cATOTq Aqqoxq 
FBoA ^IXFN TFqBACic oyo^ Aqi gA meMHi 
TEODpnoc OFXF niXnoc Mnieoycar XF XNOK 

AN HF $^ NNlXpHCTlANOC OyO OFXF Hl^FMODN 

NniXnoc XF (boyN^nr NFMHI NoyKoyxi o> 

HAOC ^NATAMOK F^COB NIBFN OyOg HFXF m- 

Xrioc NAq XF CAXI TTFXF nmRA NAq XF XNOK 25 

TAp HF $f NNl^FAAHNOC Oyog ANOK Oy2^FM(JDN 

NXAKI FHI^H d) nAoc XNOK oyArrFAoc NTF 

$*t ^O) NO^Opn AomON bFN nXINOplFpATCCDTFM 

NCA (J)f oyoe AqoyAgCAgNi oyoe AycyeAM 

fol. 155. NT^)F NAepAN Oyog AyglTTFN FBoANfc>HTC OyO^ 30 



NFTTICKOTTOC ABBA 



149 



qw, 




ANO>a>ni N&IABOAOC NANXO HF FWpCDMl FTAN- 
NAy XF FNlpODMl XF A HOC 6Aoy FTTO^CDt FT(J)F 
ANON 0)N Aq^lTTFN FFTFCHT F(j)NOyN FTTKAgl 
OyOg F9BF (|)Al ANU)0)TTl NXAXl NNlpCDMl OyOg 

ANepoyXA ^ Nccooy NToyoya)O)T MHON s 

t>A NUkaAON XF &\H\ NTF (j)'! lTOy FHFCHT 
F(|)NOyN NFMAN HFXF TTlAriOC TECDpriOC NAq 

XF d) ninoNnpoc oyog NXHpwx 1 FTgcooy XAC 
XF AKcamr NAK wmxAKi fc>FN TTFKOYCDU) FGBF 

Oy ON FKOl NXAXl N+gyKCDN NTF ^ HFXF 10 
THTTRA XF NAq XF U)F Hl^ flCTFpFCOMA NT(J)F 

NFH niKynAoc NTF nipw NFM nuog NFM ni- 

AAOK NTF ^)NOyN XF NE Ayt FJOyCtA NHl 
Ffc>OyN FpOK NAlNACOpMFK ^0)K HF F0BF XF 
ANOK nFTgHA Fn^COl U)A NlpCDOy NTF T^)F 15 
OyOg ^^ICMH F^AnO^AClC FGNHOy FBOAt>FN 

poaq M^ oyo^ tiNi NNoyMHO) NeAyv)/ic FXFN 

\]/yXH NIBFN NTF NlpODHl flNl OyN HnieiNIM 
^IXFN NipODMl NFH NlglOMl t>FN ^HKHAHCIA XF 
NNOyCCOTFH FHICAXI NTF ^ OyOg NTOyNOgFM 20 
FBOA^FN NIKOAACIC TTFXF ntAPlOC TFCOpriOC 
NAq XF 0) niTAAFncapOC AKeiTOTK FpOl NNOy- 
MHU) NCOn AAAA AnFKXFM ^Al NTAK N 
FHTHpq glTFN 'i'XOM NTF TTAOC itlU HXC 
XF 0^0)17 FpOK FNlAtHCOplA FpF ITUC NAFNOy 25 
FXO)K U)A FNFg NTF NIFNF^ 0) <j)H FT- 

niAPlOC XF TFCOpriOC Aqt 
t>FN TTKAgl AqoyODN O)A <J)KOyN 2 



) Read NXFpHX. 



2) Read O)A <|)NOYN. 



150 TTlFrKCJDMlON FAqTAOyOq NXF TTlMAKAptOC. 



TTFXAq MnmRA &F N00K t>A TTieoyCDT NFM 
(j)H FTtfAAHOyT FpOK MAU)F NAK FTTFCHT 
F(|)NOYN NTFlcfAorOC t>A NlXJ/yXH THpOy FTAK- 

copMoy cABoA H$f oyoe tFN f oywoy A 

EOFCHT FC^MOyN 1 MnFMGO NNOyON MtBFN 

A nKAi e 008 ^ FBoA ^txoaq oyog 

MnpqboDK NXF meMHi AqgcoA feboyN FniFp(j)Fi 

Aqrwiq Fc^Moyi- wniApAKAwc nsxAq NAq XF 

fol. 156. CD nmRA wnoNHpON FT^AAwoyr FHAI Fpcj)Fi 

AMCOINI FBOA Nfc>HTq XF ANOK OF TFODpriOC 10 
All ApO)TFN fc>FN OyXODNT OyOg J^FN 'toyNOy 
A NIAFMCDN THpOy FT^AAwoyT FNUAO)AON 

FpAToycDNg FBoA A mXrioc xo) wnFqboDK 

^IXFN NlOOyCOT NFM NOyBACIC AygFl FHFCHT 

oyog AyFp M^pH'f NNOycyoDio) fieoq AF Aq- is 
ODMI Fxcaoy NNFq^AAAAyx Fycon woynB AF 
FniTAKO NTF niFp(|)Fi oyo^ Ay^cob 
oyog Ay#a)A o)A Nioypcooy Ay- 

TAHODOy F^ODB NIBFN FTAyO)(Om NGCDOy AF 

NT MHAC^O) oyog Ayoycopn fjgAN- 20 
Ayco)N^ NniXnoc rFoaprioc AyFNq 
Nioypoaoy oyog NApp niMHO) oyFg Nccaq 
THpoy ITF oyog NAycocy FBoA rwpoy TTF XF 

ANON gXNXpHCTlANOC OyO^ FNHTT F^ NPF- 

coprioc HFKE noypo AAAIANOC AniArioc rpoap- 25 

TIOC XF 0) ^)H FTCOq FBOAoyTF NIXpHCTlANOC 
THpOy MH NOFKOapK NW Npoygl XF 

p. o)0ya)o)oya)i NniXnoAAoaN HFXF meHHi 



') Read F(J)NoyN. 



NEniCKOTTOC ABBA 0EO&OTOC. 



151 



XE MAO^E NAK O) TTOypO ANIOy NHl 

noAAcDN NTAoyoDoyr nnoq MTU-HMOO EBoA 
^-Noy FIEXE niMAKApioc NAq ON XE EU)o>n 

NTEKINI MmApAKAwC NGOq HE E^NAOyCDO^T 

MMoq HneKMGo EBoA HEXE noypo NAq XE ^ 
EINAXIMI NOCDN HniXnoAAoDN IE niXpAKAwc 

KATA ^bEN 1 ETA NIOyHB TAHOl AKKODO) Hni- 

ApAKAwc AKoycopn MntAnoAAcoN EHECHT 

E(j)HOyN 2 e^pA AKNAOyODpTT MMOl 0) HMAy 

ti) PECDprioc HEXE niAnoc MAq XE d) 10 

ICXEN NH ETE g0HK XH EpO)Oy Mnoy- 
0)EpBOH0lN EpODOy MMAyATOy IE I7CDC Oy- 
ONC^XOM MMO)Oy ENA^HEK fc>EN mNtO) r |- NNE- 

^ooy fiTE rriAn HMHt oyo^ EpE nioyAi moyAi 

NA(Jt KATA NH ETAqAlTOy TOTE AqO)im MHAC^OD 15 

AqTo>Nq Aqo>A EboyN 
XE oyoi NHI cb 

HMAU)0) NEH nA!O)AoA NTE NlPAAlAEOC 
1.157. N^Oyb AE FTAl AXO) XE PECJOpriOC HEXE foypO) 

NAq XE MH1XOC NAK NNOyMHtt) NCOH 0) HI- 20 

AOIHOC fioyencAp^ XE ^ENK CABOA NTTAI 

XE XpHCTHAHOC XE THOypO NTE T^)E 

HE NoyNoy^ 3 oyo^ Nooq HE nuc NT<])E NEM 
oyo^ Neoq TTETNAGEBIO NTEKMET^ACI- 
^cooy Eycon oyog HEXE HIANOHOC 25 

NAC XE fMEyi 0) XAFJANApA ^OypO) XE AC(|)Og 
EpO NXE ^MAinA NTE TEODprtOC (j)Al ETAqi 



i) Read KATA 
3 ) Eead 



2) Read E(j)NOyN. 



152 niFrKO>MiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKAptoc. 



u)Apoi oyo# TTFXAC NAq nAipw- XF 
FpF nAoc IHC nxc GACMFN hen meo>FM 

FGOyAB NTF PFCDpriOC niANOMOC AF NNOypO 
FTAqCCDTFM F^)pAN HnXC FBoAbFN pO)C OyO 
AqXODNT MHAO)0) AqAMONl HniqODl NTF TFCA(|)F 5 

oyo^ Aci 1 FBoA o)A Nioypcooy oyog AqrAMOc 

F0)B NlBFt4 FFTboCl 2 NBACANl^THptON AqFNC 

FBoA o)A NioypoDoy oyog AqrAMoooy 
NIBFN FTACKoroy Nioypo)oy 
pA. FepoyboDKi HMOC FCBHC^ FBoA weoc ^F NACXOD 10 
wpo)c np oyo^ NApp NFCBAA xoycyr Fno)o)i 

FT())F HF OyO^ TTFXAC MniAPlOC TFCDpriOC XF 
TO)B^ FgpW FXO)l 0) nAOC TFCDpriOC XF 
MMAO^O) HFXF mOHHl NAC XF 

d) -foypa) ^INA NTF^I NntxAon is 
NTorq wnAon IHC HFXF 'Voypco NAq 

XE FINAFpOy HAUC XF Mnt(Tt MniCDMC NTF 
NlXpHCTlANOC FFFXF niMAKAptOC NAC XF XFH- 
NOH'l- TFpA(Tl HniCOHC FBoA^lTFN ^FNCHqi 
fc>FN ^HOyMl NTF HFCNOq OyOg CATOTC Ayf 20 
NTFCAHOCjiACtC Ayd)Al NTFCA<j)F FTAyoAc FBOA 
FO)Al NTFCA4>P FOOyAB ACODO) FBOA FCXO) HHOC 

XF e^m^F Al xa) Nnipo NTF TTATTAAATION 
FqoywN AoyoDN NHI HAOC THC nxc nnpo 
AninApAAicoc NTF noyp 3 a^onT ppon t>FN oyo^ 25 

MMON 0)ini Nfc>HTq AN NAl AF FTACXOTOy 
NTFCA(j)F FGOyAB NCOylF 



i) Read Aqt FBOA. 2) Read FTfc>OCl. 

3) Read NTF noyNoq? 



NpmcKonoc ABBA OFOAOTOC. 



153 



Moyei oyog AC(M AmxAoM NATAODM 

AHHN OyO MFNFNCA NAl AyGCDOyf NXF NlOy- 

ol. 158. poooy FmXrtoc rpoopnoc ntxcooy NAq XF o> 
rFtoprioc ic ^oypo) AKTAKOC TTAAIN AKcpovrq 

FpON gGON TTEXF TTOypO MAKMFNTIOC NODOy 5 
XF MApFN^ATTOC^AClC FpOq MMON qNATAKOM 
THpFN OyO AqgFMCt N2CF HOypO AAAtANOC 

Aqct>Ai N^ Xno(|)Actc NTF ntMAKAptoc rFcop- 
noc Fqxo) MMOC NHAI pn'f XF rpcopnoc HIMF- 

AlTCON ntNl(A) r l- NTF NlPAAlAFOC AqXO) NCOOq 10 
NNinpOCTAFMA NTF NlO NNOypO NTF TTtKOCMOC 

Twpq NPM nio)FMt9t NTF NiNoy^ NppqiJpo oyog 

F6BF ^A 1 TFNFpKFAFyiN F6pOyd)Al NTFqA^F 
pO)C NTCHqi AplFMl NODTFN 0) NtAAOC XF 

?BoAgA npqcNoq oyog Aycfc>Ai 15 

fc>ApATC N*tAnO(J)AClC NXF HI ZO NNOypO HIA- 
PIOC AF PFCOprtOC FTAq<fl NTFqAnO(j)AClC t>FN 

NFqxix FeoyAB Aqi FBoA FqpAo)i oyo^ NAq- 

OFAwA MMAO)0) HF FTAqi FBOA FTTIMA FTFq- 
NAXO)K FBOA NbHTq TTFXAq NNIMATOI XF 0)0y- 20 

NHT MPHHI NNoyKoyxi d) NACNHoy Feprf 
NNoyFyXH AnANoyi XpiFMi NODTFN d) NAC- 

pB. NHOy XF 1C 2; NpOMHt N(])00y TOyFpBACANl^lN 
MMOl NXF HAIO NNOypO NHApANOMOC NGODOy 

AF AyXAq Nioypoooy AF AycoB-f NwoyApicTON 25 



TOTF AqXOyt^T FnO)0)l FT(])F N 

nFXAq XF nAoc IHC nxc (j)H FTAqGpp 

I FHFCHT FBoAbEN T(j)F fc>FN niCAXl 
NTF T7FKBO)K wAlAC TTlTTpO(|)HTHC OYOP, MN 30 



20 



154 oyFrKO)MiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 

AqoyoDM NTTiFnFNTyKONTApxoc (sic) B NFM noy- 

KFp MMATOl FKFOyO>pn NHl 0) I7AOC NTTlXpODM 
FTFMMAY glNA NTFqOyCDM NT7AI O NNOypO 
NfTApANOMOC FTl FpF TTICAXI XH t>FN pO)q 

Aqi NXF mxpcoM FBoA^FN T^)F oyo^ AqoycoH 
NNoypo oyog NApe TUA(])OT BEN NFN- 

NniANOMOC HTTATFqXFMTlTTl MMOCj 
AqoyODM NKFF focj)0 HMATOl NNATMOyf 
FT(^FMO)l MHCOOy OyOg NHF NIMATOl FTMOO)l 
NFM niAPlOC rFUOpPlOC FMl FniHyCTHptON U)A- 10 
TOyKHN Fyd)Al NTFqX^F FGOyAB FTAqFHl N 

meMHi XF X nixpcoM oyo)M NNIACFBHC 

159. NNFqKFAl AqTCOBg NnAlpH^ FqXO) HMOC XF 

nAoc oyo^, nANoy+ noyNoq HTF TAx|/yxn 

NFH nAHNA (JHCDT NnAOC IH C nXG CODTFH FpOl 15 
H(j)OOY ANOK fc>A nPHBCDK TFGDpriOC 

o)onr FpoK fc>FN oynoy FCFpo)Ay 
FoyMHO) Fqoo) Fyo^i FpAroy oyog 

NCO)p HnACCDMA F^pAy AIO)ANXO)K 
Oyog N60K FTFHl ti) nAOC XF nACCDMA NAp(JDO)l SO 
MTT1KOCMOC THpq AN AotnON CCOTFM FpOl 
nANHB J3FN TAl OyNOy NTFK^- NNOy^MOT 
MHApAN NTFqo^COm NCGDTHplA NFM OyBOHGIA 

MnmocMoc rwpq FBoA^iTOTK XF FpF nid>oy 

FpnpFm NAK NFM TTFKIGDT NNAKA60C (sic) IHC 25 

nxc nFNoc NFM nmHA FeoyAB NpFqTAN^o O^A 

FNFg NTF NIFNF^ THpOy AMHN FTAqXO) AF 
MniAMHN A niCTFpFODMA THpq M0 NNAPPFAOC 

NTF n^ici oyog Aqi o)Apoq NXF UFNOC IHC 

OyO NAq^FMCl e tXFN NlXFpOyBlM NFM 30 



NETTICKOTTOC ABBA 9FO&OTOC. 



155 



NlCFpA(|)lM OyO NApE niXOpOC NTE NlflpO- 
sic) <)>HTHC NEM NIATTOCToAoC NEM NIMApTypOC 

NEM NH EeoyAB THpoy EyppgyMNoc Fpoq 

NEM NITAPMA THpOy NTE NKJWOyi OyO Ay- 
INIM THpoy NXF NIMATOl ETMOU)l NFM 171- 5 
MAKAplOC AyEpM^pwt NNlpEqMCOOyT T1EXE 
TTOC MMlMAKAplOC (sic) PECDpPlOC XF XFpE <j)H 
ETE <j)0)l PECOpPlOC XEpE HlMFNplT NTH I NFM 
NAAPPFAOC XEpE niAPCDNl^THC NTE TMETOypO 
NNt(|)HOyi (OOyNlATK N())00y 0) nAMENplT PECOp- 10 
PIOC XE AlCOB"}" NAK N^ NXAOM NCOOy t>EN 
NENXIX NHAICJDT EqNATHlTOy EXODK bEN nAl 
E^OOy (OOyNlATK O) TTAMENplT PECDpPlOC XE 

AycoB^ NAK NNoy<fpHm NNoypo oyog NAC- 

CEACO)A EBOA bFN OyNOyB ^ l MApPAplTHC 15 
OyO AINATHtC EXCDK tEN NAXIX M(f)00y ODOy- 
NIATK N(J)OOy O) OAMENplT PFO>pPlOC XE AyCOB'j' 

NAK NNoyNia)^ NepONOC Eq<5bxi oyog 

CO)A EBOA NKAACOC bFN OyNOyB EqCOTTT M 

NEM oyd)Ni MMHI ENAa)ENCoyENq oyog Ey- 20 

NAT^EMCOK lxa) (] M(j)00y t>EN NIEncOpANlON 
160. FTCAna)0)l EBoAglTEN niHRA EBOyAB (OOyNlATK 

d) nAMENpi'f PEcappioc XE Ayoya)N NAK NNI- 

nyAo)N MMApPAplTHC NTE NICKHNH NNOyCDlNt 
Oyog NTEK^O)A EboyN NlTEMeO N^TplAC 25 
F00yAB MMON <fm ETEpKOAlN MMOK (OOyNlATK 
O) TTAMFNplT PECOpPlOC OlXODpl XE A TTAICOT 
NAPAOOC cbAl NHEKpAN Eni^ApMA NTE I'TplAC 
E00yAB XE glNA NH EONAXOC XE $^" NPFODp- 
PIOC AplBOHOlN EpON NTEKCODTEM EpON OyO 30 



156 oyFruouMioN FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKAptoc. 



NTFKCO)TFM FpCDOy O)OyWATK CD TTA- 
MFNplT PFCJDpriOC XF AKOy<DN MTTApAN FBoA 

NFM TTAICDT NAPAGOC NFM niTTNK FGOYAB 
MTTFMGO NNioypojoy NTF niKOCMoc rwpq oyog 

ANOK gODN fNAOyON^K FBOA t>FN T^)F FKOl 5 
fjNOyODlW MMAOJCJO ^XO) HMOC NAK 0) HAMFN- 
plT XF HHlpH']- FTF HHF gAl t>FN ^MFTpCDMl 
THpC 0)2CFMXOH NNOyCDNg HTTApAN FBoA N 
ft NpOMni NFOOy FBwA FpOK HHAyATK FKO^l 
FpATK HnFHOO MHAl O NNOypO fc>FN f 01- 10 
pf. 1 KOyMFNH THpC ITF FniKOCMOC OyAF npFCBy- 
TFpOC Oy2^F 2^1AKO)NOC OyAF AAIKOC FBVlA FpOK 
HMAyATK fc>FN niKOCMOC THpq OJF TAX1X 
NNOyiNAH 0) ITAMFNplT [XF] ^NACFMNl NFMAK 
NNOyAlAGHKH XF FO^am NTFKTAAoK FnFK^O 15 
MJlNATtKON bFN T(|)F OyO^ NTFKl NFM TFK- 
eODOyTC THpC FOyO)0)T N^rplAC FOOyAB FpF 
NH FGOyAB THpOy COyCDNK FGBF HITAIO F^NA- 

THiq NAK cb nAMFNpir oyo^ FyFM# 2 Twpoy 

XF NTOK HF TFGDpriOC niMFNplT NTF $^ 20 

MMOK Twpoy KATA 

NTF HAICOT NAPAGOC 1C gH^HF 

0) nAMFNplT AITOM HFKpAN F(j)0)t NTFqa)0)ni 
NNOyAyHHN NNOyXAt fc>FN niKOCMOC THpq 

pO)Hl NIBFN IF C^lHl N1BFN FGNApAOyO) 25 
ITF t>FN NlMANfg^ 11 IT P ^PN 
ITF t>FN NlO)TFKO)Oy ITF fc>FN 



i) After this number the Coptic numbering of the pages 
ceases. 2) gi c; rea d FyFFMl. 



NEniCKOTTOC ABBA 6FOAOTOC. 



157 



(|)IOH ITE bEN NlAptt)Oy (sic) ITE bEN NlAyMNH 
ITE bEN NIMODIT MHOO)l ITE NTOyi ETOTOy 
NClNCDOyi ITE NTOypAyO) EgANGHplON ITE 

11.161. oyxpcjDM ITE gANMoyi ITE gANMoy Eygcooy 

MMAO^O) ITE ANAPKH NIBEN NEM OyMHO) NblCl 5 
EyOO) HMAO)(JD XnAoDC g x 6^ x NIBEN ETOy- 
NApAOyO) EpCDOy NXE NlO^Hpl NTE NlpCOHl 
OyO^ NTOyODO) EnO)COt gApOl fc>EN HEKpAN O)A 

r Neon XE $t NrECDprioc XpiBoweiN EpON 

^NACCDTEH Ep(Jl)Oy NXCJO^EM OyOg NTAXCJDK 10 
EBOA Ng>^ NIBEN ETOyNAEpETlN MMOq 

noy^HT oyoy pcani NIBEN EGNAKCDT 

HApTyplON fc>EN HEKpAN IE OyXO)H NNO)O) 
EBOA fc>EN NEKblCl NEM NEKAPODN NTEqTHiq 
H~EKKAHCIA fc>EN HEKpAN ^NAcbAt NHEqpAN 15 

ETTXGDM nnoDNb oyoe NTAGpEq^coni bEN oy- 

MA NNOyCDT NEMAK bEN TAMETOypO (^A ENEg 
(j)H EONA^ NOynpOC(j)OpA IE OyAOApXH Ef EK- 
KAMCIA bEN HEKpAN IE NTEqTEMMO NNOygHKl 
bEN nEKpAN IE OyXHpA bEN niEgOOy NTE 20 
HEKEp(|)MEyi ETTAlHOyT '^NA't NAq NNOyBOH- 
61A bEN TTAl KOCMOC NTA0pEqOyNOq NEMAK 
bEN NtXrAGON NTE TAMETOypO (])H EGNAgCUBC 
NNOyAl EqBHO) bEN HEKpAN +NACOBCq bEN 
NIENTHMA NTE Nl(J)HOyi (|)H EONA^EpO NNOy- 25 
bHBC bEN 'f-EKKAHCIA bEN HEKpAN IE OyCGOl- 

Noyqi ^NAepE NAArrEAoc EpoycoiNi Epoq 
EqNwoy gApoi bEN oypAo^i (})H E0NA*i" N 



EnEqo)npi 

Sic; read 



bEN 



NAeoaT 



158 oyerKODMiON FAqrAoyoq NXE niMAKApioc. 



Epoq 

tFN TTEKpAN ^NAXO) NAq EBOA NNFqNOBl OyO 
^NAO)Onq EpOl t>EN TAHETOypO U)A ENF 
HMOl HHIN HMOl 0) TEODpriOC HAHENplT 
M^pH^ ETA1KHN EXOC NAK ^NOy ON - 
HMOC NAK XE i^EN NIMICI NTF NlglOMl HHON 
4>H ETON I NICDANNHC TTlpEq^ODMC OyOg t>FN 
niXOpOC NTE MMApjypOC HHON (])H ETONl 
HHOK fc>FN NH ETAyO)0)ni THpOy OyAF NNE 

oyoN o)ODni EqoNi HHOK ICDC HHOK d) HA- 10 

HENplT XODK FBoA NTFKOIKONOHIA NTAoAK 
NFMHl glXEN ni^ApHA NXEpOyBtNlKON 
NTATHIK NAOOpON NHAICOT NAPAGOC NEH 

FeoyAB oyog NTE NAT^>F rwpoy pAa)t 

NEHAK XE OyHl CEXOyO)T EBOA fc>AX(JDK F0BF 15 
fol. 162. TTEKCCDMA AE ON ^NAepF 2 ANHONM ^ N O)0)ni 
f NOy XE NNE #Al tt'N NAl HH(y ^l NFHAq 

Enrnpq a)AToyi NXF NEKAAoDoyi NToyoAq tc 

TFKHAy NFH TEKCODNl B^ NEH TEKKEO)EAFT 
FTAyCDH NCO)C NAK AlKHN EoAoy ETAHBTOypO 20 
fc>AXO)K XE ^INA NNOyNAy EHEKHOy t>FN RAl 
KOCHOC AAAA NTOyNAy EpOK NEH nEIUCDT 
NEH nEKHAniOC (sic) NEH ntNIO)']- NNCOOy E+NA- 
THiq NAK J3FN T(j)E t>EN TAHFTOypO OyO^ 1C 

NtACFBHC NNoypoaoy NTE nmocHOc rwpq 25 

AlTAKCOOy E6BHTK EO)0)n NTF HEKCNOq ^)(JDN 
EBOA f>\XEH HKAgl ^NOy niO)FHO)l NTE NU- 
AO)AON NAKODpq OyO^ CFNA'fflDOy NnApAN 
fc>EN niKOCHOC THpq 'fNAepE nEKCyNPENHC 
KO)T NAK NNOyTOnoC fe>FN TEKnoAtC NTFqXO) 30 



NFTTICKOFTOC ABBA 9FOAOTOC. 



159 



i>FN oyTAio MFNFNCA oy- 

NCHOy TTCAAANAC NATOyNOC Oy&lODrMOC 
NIFKKAHCIA OyO CFNA(|)a)N MTTCNOq 
NNOyOBA MHAprypOC FBOA t>BN niKOCHOC 

THpq NKA NpOMTTi NF^ooy FBoA ON ^ITFN 5 

NIXOH F-fNAAlTOy FBOA^VTOTK {3 PN nFKTonoC 

eeoyAB oyo^ qNACotfm NXF HIACFBHC NNoypo 

NTF ntCHOy FTFMHAy FO)OpO)Fp MnFKTOnOC 

FeoyAB oyog qNAoycopn NoycrpATHAATwc 

NFM NFqMATOl FFp HAl g(JDB OyOg ^NA0pFK- 10 

o)Atpi Fpoq fc>FN oyMoy Fq^cooy 

M^pH^ FTAKO)Atpl NNAl OypO)Oy NAt 

AqnoDpq NXF maaoDrMOc FBOA^ITOTK nAi pwf 

ON fNAOyOpTTK F6pFKO)Alpl Fpoq N00q HIA- 
CEBHC FTFMMAy OyOg ^NAT^FMCO NKFOyAl 15 
FTTFqMA KATA moyA^CA^Nl NTF HAtODT NA- 
TA00C Oyog ^)NAKO)T NAK NNOyTOHOC Fq^OCl 

FqrAiHoyr NKAAa>c oyo# qNA-foDoy NNFK- 

KAHCIA OyOg CFNAU)FMO)l MHOl fc>FN OyHAp- 

pwciA fc>FN niuocMoc Twpq a)A FNF^ oyog 20 

^NAOpOyKCDT NAK NgANMHO) NTOITOC fcFN 

niKOCHOC rwpq ^NAepF Ni^yAw rnpoy NTF 
nmocMOC THpq ^(boy NAK oyog ^NAepp nFKpAN 

M0 NniKOCHOC THpq OyO^ 'I'NAepF gANMHO) 
FN TO)pON (sic) FOFKTOnOC ^NAepOy FpO)Al 25 
63. NAK t>FN HIKOCMOC THpq MAAlCTA HlF^OOy 
NTF riFKFp(J)MFyi FTF niF^OOy NTF TTFKXOW 

FBOA np oyo^ fcFN TTAI Fgooy AITODH Ani- 

COyONT FTTKAgl N^HTq OyO^ Al'fxAoM glXFN 
NIKApnOC NTE HKA^l ^PN niFgOOy NTF TTFK- 30 



160 oyFPKCDMtON FAqTAoyoq NXF mnAKApioc. 



xiN(fixAoM NbwTq oyo# ON fc>FN niFgooy NTF 

TTFKtflAtK TTFTApXH NNlKApTTOC NTF FFKAgl FTP 
NNA90)p TTF nFKpAN (fOCl fc>FN T(j)E 

ON #IXFN HKA^I ti> nAMFNpir rpcop- 

TIOC HAHATOl NXCOpl (^A FNF<3 NTF NIFNFg 

AMHN NAl AF FTA HOC XOTOy NAq 

NXOM NFH TTOyNOq NGOq AF gtt)q niMAKAplOC 

AqpAcyi MMAo^o) HF oyo^ NAqepAwA TTF Fqxo> 

HMOC XF tojFn^MOT NTOTK HAOC IHC 2CF 
AKTAlOl HMAU)0> HApA HAFMHCyA Oyoe AqFpC- 

<j)pAriiN HMoq Aq^onq FBoAgApoq oyo^ (J)H 

FGOyAB TOyNOC NtMATOl FqXO) HMOC NCDOy XF 
AMCOINI O) NACNHOy XCDK FBoA H^)H FTAyoy- 
ACANl MHOq NCDTFN Oy 0^ HAt pwf AqCOyTCON 

FBoA oyo^ Ayo>Ai wrpqA^F FeoyAB 
NIMATOI oyog CATOTq Aqi FBoA fibnTq 
oycNoq NFM oyFpa)t oyog A noc epF 

MIXAHA 6l HTTFqCNOq NFH nFqFpO)f FTFq- 

cToAw NNoycwNi oyo^ X nuc 6"i NTFq\j/yXH 
t>FN TFqxix HHIN HHoq oyog AqFpAcnA^Fcee 2 
HHoq ayo^ AqKoyAcoAc fc>FN Ninop(])ypA NF- 
na)pANiON oyo# Aq^caA FTT^ICI NFHAC 

NApF niCTFpFCDMA THpq HF^ nF 
FGOyAB NFH HlXOpOC NTF NH FGOyAB 

NAyFpeyHNOc e lT 6 HHoq nF a)ATFqTwiq 

NACOpON HTTFqiGDT NAPA00C NFH niTTHA FGOyAB 

oyog Aqt Fxo>q NTFqcToAw NNoycouu NPM 
oyifpHni NNoyB FTCOTH oyog NACTOTC t>FN 
oycbNi HHHI oyog NApF ^ NxAoH g lxa)C oyog 

FBOA t>EN NlgHl NTF mo)O)HN NTF 



NEmCKOTTOC ABBA 9EOM)TOC. 



161 



oyo# AqcbAi NriEqpAN NEM Nio)opn- 

MMICI O)A ENE OyOg Aq0pE 'tAPFAw THpC 
NTE T(J)E NPM NtTAPMA NTE NH EGOyAB TEM- 
COq IXEN ntepONOC Oyog NTOyEpO)Al NEMAq 
bEN TAWM NTE T(|)E MENENCA NAl A gANMONMEN 5 
164. U)0)m NEM gANXApABAl NEM gANCETEBpHX 

NEM 2 ANMO Y N 6 COO Y pyoo) MMAo)o> oyog 

NlMH(y ETO^l EpATOy NEM NIKEMATOl Ay^)COT 
E^OyN E^BAKl HACyNKpATODp &E HIBODK NTE 

ntAnoc rEcoprioc NAqogi EpATq CABOA JDATEN 10 
mco)MA NTE nEquc oyo^ NAqpiMi fepoq HE 
oyog AnE gAi MMoyNgcooy oy^E XOCEM 

bEN niMA EpE ncCOMA MHIGMHI NbHTq 

niMA THpq 01 NNoycoiNi oyog A TTIKE B 

NTE niAriOC TEODpriOC ETXH bEN 15 
Ayi C^A TTlKEOyAl NO)(j)Hp NTCDOy Eq- 
CABOA MFTCCDMA MnoyoU EqplMl 

Enoyoc XE AyouAi NTEqX(j)E oyog HAI 
Ayc|)AbToy Ebpm Excoq Ayoycoa)T MMoq Ey- 

plMl OyO An'ACyNKpATODp AE AqTAMODOy 20 

Ego>B NIBEN ETA noc xoToy MTioyoc oyo^ Ay- 

MMAO)0) OyO AyTOOMl NTEqA(J)E E60yAB 

EnEqcooMA ETCMApo)oyT oyo^ ACTCDMI 
Epoq f>wc ICXEK Anoyxoxc EBoA EHTwpq 
oy^E niMHtNi NTE ^c^ENCHqi MnEqojooni NbwTq 25 

OA(DC OyOg HEXE NEqEBlAlK NNOyEpHOy XE 

bEN oyMEGMHi XE A ^ o)0)n Epoq 
oyo^ CAXI NIBEN ETAqxoToy NAq 
qNAxoKoy NAq EBoA NKAAcoc AomoN AyTAAo 
MTTICODMA EeoyAB oyog NAqo^EO) ceoiNoyqi 30 

21 



162 oyprKODMioN FAqrAoyoq NXF niMAKApioc. 



FBoA oyog AyoAq Fmm FNAyxw 

6bp N NpOMTU NF MMON #Ai Nkmrq NFMcooy 

TTF oyog Ayxonq NMAy oyo# NApF HIXAKI 

HFM TTIMONMFN U)OTT TTF OyO A (|)IOM 5lCl 

Fno)0)t cAn(ya)i N^noAtc oyo^ NAqoycoa) FCDMC 5 

MMOC FHFCHT HF WTTICTQC AF FTAyCODTFM 
FTCMH HnUc FqCAXl NFM niHAKAplOC TFCDp- 

noc oyog Aycoa) FBoA XF ^ Nreoaprtoc 

FpON t>FN TAl AMAPKH OyOg CATOTq 

WXF ^)iOM oyog Ayxoap FBoA NXF 10 

oyo^ Aqa)Ai NXF ^)pw FnFqpAct 
MiXAcooyi ^F NTP niXnoc rFa>pnoc 
oyog Aya)iNi NCA NioypoDoy AyxFMoy A noc 
fol. 165. qoroy FBoA A oyNia)^ wpAo)i cycwni fc>FN 

Twpc oyog AyoycoN fj(j>po NNIFK- 15 I 
NKFCOTT fc>FN niKocHOc Twpq oyog 

A MtPyBlAlK (sic) NTF niAPlOC TFCDpriOC O)0)n 
N^ANCON^ONION FyTAlHOyT MMAO)a) NFM AN- 

ceoiNoyqi pycorn HMAO)O) oyo Ayxcoc 

Anoyoc NKAAcoc oyo^ AyoAq FBoA 20 
HFN ^noAtc oyo^ AyrAAoq Foyxoi 
oyog AyoAq F^-ocnoAic MEM nixcoM NTF 
NFqbici Fycon oyo^ Ayxini NNH FTFNoyq 

THpOy FTAyFMTON HMODOy fc>FN HOC oyOg 
NF OyON OypO)Ml 2^F XF ANApFAC HCOM TTF 25 

NGMAy MmXrioc rFcopnoc oyog AqcbAi 

NHCCOMA HniAriOC TFCOpriOC FboyN FHFqHt 

FqpAa^i MMAO)0) oyog A 'f-noAic rwpc eoaoyf" 
oyog AYKCOT NNoyronoc NAq fc>FN npqwi MMIN 
HMoq oyoe Ayoyoapn NlAnR oyo# AyUu so 



NFITICKOTTOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



163 



NniApXHFmcKonoc ABBA eu6&a)cioc oyog 
AqspAriA^iN MMoq Ncoy^ MTTIABOT Xeoap 

OyO AyCFMNl NTTFqAyMvJ/ANON F00yAB N 
t>PN HAl F00y p(JD ON NNOyO)T FTF 

NTTIABOT A0o>p FFF oyo^ Ayxo>K FBoA sxcDq s 
N'feyciA FeoyAB OICODMA FeoyAB NFM ntcwoq 
FTTAiwoyr NTE noc IMC nxC oyog Aycyoam 
JDFN nironoc FeoyAB NXF ^ANHHINI NFM 
^AN^Hpi Fyoo) oyog Neoq AE niXnoc rFcop- 
rioc Aqi FBoAbFN T^>F KATA moyACANt 10 
NTF noc oyo^ Aqo^Aipi NFygioc nicrpATH- 
AATHC oyog Aqc])a)pK NNFNBAA NfoKKAHTi- 
ANOC FBoA oyo# AqepoygiTq FBoAbFN ni- 

HAAAATION OyO NCFTgBHCO NKODCTANTINOC 
NNOypO NTFqo^FBtO) OyO AqOyODN NNIFK- 15 

KAHCIA Frt>FN mnocHoc rwpq Aqoyo)N NNI- 
pcooy NTF Nto)TFKO)oy oyog Aqoyo)Ng FBoA 
nnicTAypoc oyog AqTAxpo nniNAg't fwop- 
AqucoT N^ANACTACIC NTF noc bFN 

NFM gANKFHHO) NNFKKAHCIA t>FN HI- 20 

KOCMOC THpq oyog N0oq ON Aqi feboyN Fn- 
Tonoc N+ANACTACIC Aqo^AwA NJ3HTC oyog 
N0oq ON Aqi FboyN FnTonoc nniXrioc PFo>p- 

T10C NFM FAFNH TFqMAy NFM FyAOJlA TFq- 

CGDNI oyog A mXrioc rFODprioc oyoN^q Fpoq 25 

166. OyO AqTAMOq t>FN niFXODp^ NNH FTFqNAAl- 

Toy oyoe N0oq ITF FTAqKovr MHTOHOC F0oyAB 

NTF niAPlOC TFODpriOC fc>FN i'OCnoAlC F0BF 

2^F NAqoi NKoyxi Ncyopn HF oyog AqAAiq 

N0AyMACTON MHAl pwl" OyO^ (|)Al ^NOy FTOy- 30 



164 oyerKooHioN FAqrAoyoq NXE niHAKApioc. 

0)017 Nt>HTq NXF NAt HHIW MEM NAl XOH 
FTOU) NAl FTCbHOyT gl KEXCJDH XCOplC (|)Al 

Eyouoy H<jrf MEM TTEqMApTypoc FeoyAB mX- 

TIOC TECOpriOC ETAqXCOK FBOA NTTEqXrON fl 

niXnoc rEcoprioc ncoy Rr MniABor 
Moyei woyEgooy NnApACKEyw NNAxn e^ 
oyo MH rnpoy ETAyEpMAprypoc 
mXrioc PEcoprioc oyog wcEipi 

N0)0 NEH XTT NEM AAEJAN^pA +0ypa) 

Ayffi nnixAoM NATTAKO EBOA^ITEN i 
HENOC TwC nxc oyo NCEoywoq HMO)oy +Noy 

NEM TTlAriOC TECOpriOC i?EN lAHM 0BAKI NNH- 

seoyAB rwpoy oyog ic NAI HEN AM^oroy 

NAK (sic) U)A HAl HA ENTAHO) HHODTEN E0BE 

NEH NiXrooN NcyoyTAicooy NAI ETAqEp- 15 
EpoDoy foxE mXrioc rEcopnoc 

pO NTE HENOC IHC HXC HApENNAy 
ENITAIO ET6"OCl ETAq^lTOy fc>EN N 
HEHCCDTHp IHC IHC CO)TEH XE 

O) NAHENpA^ NNH ETAtNAy EpODOy fc>EN NABAA 20 
NEH NH JPTAtCOGHOy NNAHAO^X XwOK 
XICTOC GEO^ODTOC ACO)(Jam &E fc>EN 

NniHAiNoy^ NNoypo eEOkocioc (j)A mpEqEp- 

<])HEyt ETTAlHOyT AqNAy EOyO)(j)Hpl fc>EN 

nia^opn NEgooy ETAqEpoypo oyo^ AqwAy 25 
EmXnoc rEcapnoc ETAqi EBoAt>EN T<J>E t>EN 
oyma/1- wcooy oyog ^ApE niXpxwXrrEAoc 

H00)l MEHAq HE AqTeCHCO HniMAlNOyf 
NNOypO 9EOAOCIOC &IXVK nepONOC NNlpCOHEOC 
EOBE XF NApF OyNAet FqTAXpHOyT NTA 30 



NFTTICKOTTOC ABBA 9FOAOTOC. 



165 



TTF FoyN Fmrtoc rFCDprtoc NRFqcuoy rupq 

TTF [AofJTTON MFNFNCA K NpOMTTl ICXFN FTA- 

qppoypo oyog AqKour NNoywoH- NNFKKAHCIA 
fd. 167. k>FN (J>pAN MTTIATIOC rFCDpnoc oyo AqecDoy^- 
Fhoyw NNiFnicKonoc rupoy FniAriACMOC NTF 5 
niXnoc rFoupnoc oyog Aqoya>pn NCA TAHET- 
FAAXICTOC ^OD NFM NiFnicKonoc rwpoy oyog 

NF AlOgl FpAT gO) TTF t>FN OyMFTATXOM NTF 

i-MFrbFAAo AomoN FTAMFPAPIA^IM NfFKuAH- 

ClA FGOyAB bFN <j)pAM M^ NFM HIAPIOC 10 

TFGDpnoc oyo^ A Ni^yAonoNoc FpxJ/AAiN 

KATA HFTTOMl OyOg NApF TTOypO NFMAN HE 
NFH ^CyNKAHTOC THpC NFM NA+noAlC THpOy 
MFNFNCA OpFNgFMCl NFM HOypO NFM 

rnpq oyo^ A noypo FpneApyiN epoycDO) is 
(sic) FpON N^MAprypiA NTF niXrioc rFoapnoc 

F0BF XF NF COyKf M(j)ApMOyei HF TTlFOOy 
FTFMMAy OyOg NAN(TlCMH HF t>FN OyXApODq 
2.F F[m]MA FpF HOC MFGpF NAq 
MMOC 2CF MMON ^)H FTONl MMOK t>FN 20 

NiMAprypoc Twpoy oy^F NNF oyoN a^oani 

FqONl MMOK U)A FNFg OyOg ANOK O) A m^CJDB 
FppO)0[yO)] NHl FIXO) MMOC 2CF OyMHO) NCTpA- 
THAATHC NFM NlFHA[p]XOC NFM OypO (sic) 

NTF nAi KOCMOC Ayxo) Ncoooy Mncooy rwpq 25 

MHAl KOCMOC NFM TTOyASHOOMA NFM TOyMBT- 

PAMAO oyog AyMoy ^IXFN ^)pAN MTTFNOC 

IHC nxc NA^pAq NOFACFBHC NNOypO AlOKAn- 

TIANOC niANOMOc oyog NF Aq^ici NNAI Twpoy 
NXF DAI MAprypoc FeoyAB <})Ai oyog FTANKHN 30 



166 oyErKcoMiON EAqTAoyoq NXE niMAKApioc. 



ENtpi NcyNA^ic EeoyAB oyog ETA poyei 
cyomi ANipi NTTiAyXNiKON NEM noypo ANENKOT 
oyoe NE nns e^ 1 Nfc>HToy oyo)M HE oy&E 

TTKEOypO AAAA NAqENKOT NEHAM EyCOfT fc>EN 
fEKXAHClA EeoyABNgANApOyeinEN+KyplAKH 5 
E6BE ETA mXriACMOC O)0)ni NNOyE^OOy NCA- 
BATON ETA niEXCDpe ^E U)0)m ANlpl N 
NTE niEXCDpg KATA (})H ETEpnpEHl 
NTTIAMHN ANgEHCl OyO^ ANCAXl NNl- 

NTE $ r 1~ oyog NAq[i] NEMAN NXE 10 
noypo oyog A oyAi ^EN NENIO^ NEmcxonoc 
AyoAq fc>EN oyonTAciA Encyoai ET^)E oyo# 
AqNAy EgANMycTwpioN Ey(Toci HMAa^a) oyo 

CO)E AN NTE gAl NpFHNKAgl CAXl EpCDOy 
AlNAy EpOl ON TTEXAq . . . TTEM90 NniGpONOC 15 
NTE (J)10)T [Al]wAY E^ANANO)ONO)0 NEM gANAN- 
OBANeBA EygODC E^TptAC EGOyAB THpOy Ey- 

fol. 168. Nwoy KATA TAJIC oyog NAyoya)(yT M^)f 
oyog NAytdaoy NAq oyog NAycMoy Epoq 

OyO^ NAyEpETlN NNOyETHMA MFNENCCOC Aybgl 20 

EpAToy ^NCTyxoc CTyxoc oyo^ MMON ^Ai 

NpEMNKOCMOC NAO)XO) AN MntCOOy NEM TTlNiaH- 

NTAIO EToy(yon Nt>HTq oyo^ AiNAy EoyAt 
EqNwoy EBoA cAboyN NnwATArrETECMA Eqo- 
NI NNoyoypo oyog NAqEp<])opiN NNoy^pwm 25 

NNOyB HE EpE ^ NXAOM glXCDC OyO 

TAAwoyT NNoygeo NNoycoBcy oyog N 

OyOOlNl E^OTE ^)pH NNOyMHO) NKODB NCOH 
EqCEBTCOT t>EN gANCHqi NEM ANOTlAON NEM 

i NNoypo AnAoDC MMON o^i o^on 30 



NFmcKonoc ABBA 



167 



MntAZtOJMA MBAClAlKON OyO t>FN 

FBoA A oyMHU) Fqoo) oyA^q Nccoq CAMNH 

MMOq NFM CAMNAl MMOq OyOg AtNAy FNH 

FeoyAB THpoy FyFpnpocKywN MMoq Ai[NAy] 

&F AITO)MT OyO MAl[oyO)^l) Ff]Ml Upoq XF 5 

WM ne oyo^ AICOMC cAoytNAM HMOI AtNAy 

FOyMOyNAXOC FqOgt ^P^Tg FpF gANTFN^ 

HMoq M^pw'f' NNoyArrpAoc NTF $+ oyog 
MAqpp^opiN fwoyxAoM NNoypo NFH oygFBcco 
HHON #Ai JDFN MiMFToypcDoy NTF TTIKOCMOC 10 
HMOC oyog FpF oycyBcar finoyB 
NNoyiNAM oyoe NApp npqeo 1 
oyo FpF oywia)+ NNcooy nco't Fpoq 
Aifc ^poq FIXCO HMOC XF HAICOT 

FpOK MATAMOl XF NOOK HIM FKO)On 15 
t>FN nAl NIO)^ NTAIO MlTAtpH'l' OyOg NOOq 
2^F AqFpAMAAHX FpOl OyO^ nFXAq NH12CF ANOK 
TTF HAyAF nipFHTAHMA KAAcDC AKl ti) niHA- 

WTF nFNoypo HHHI nFMoc urn nxc 
FN nxinepFqxF NAI WHI AipAo^i XF 20 
nAppwciA NA^pAq oyo nFxni NAq XF 

0) TTAOC NIODT FGOyAB ffgO FpOK 1C XF AKAIT 
NFMnO)A NnFKACnACMOC FOOyAB "H'gO FpOK 
NTFKTAHOl XF NIH HF HAl NIO)'!' NNOypO 

^Noy oyo^ A TTAI MHO) THpq Fpnpoc- 25 
MMoq oyo^ Neoq AF niMAKApioc Aq- 

[N]FTq pO)q NCODBt MTTNATtKON HFXAq NHl XF 
169. NTTFKCOyFN (|)Al O^A ^NOy nFXHl N Aq XF FINAO)- 



Ms. 



168 oyFrKGDMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF ntMAKApioc 



COyFN (j)Al NNAO) NpHf O) FTAKJUT 

Fpoq FNFg FBHA F-fNoy AqFpoyo) nexAq 
XF FTAyoyopTTFT (sic) cyApoK Fepiecor 

gHT F8BF NH FTAKFpMFAFTAN MHCDOy fc>FN 
HFK^HT NCAq t>FN ^PKKAHCIA F9BF mAPlOC 5 
PFCDpriOC niMENplT NTF ffi niCCDTn MMAp 

rypoc 2CF ec](Jbci FNH FeoyAB THpoy KATA 

nCAXl NnPNCO)THp FHl2iH xJ/yXH NIBFN F8NAI 
FBoAfc>EN CCDMA ITF N10MHI ITF NlpFqFpNOBl 

(^ApF NoygBHoyi THpoy oycoNg FBoA ben 10 
oyniNAnc wnRATiKON oyog (^Aco^ooni nnFMeo 

FBOA NNFqBAA NCHOy NIBFN FpF NFqnpAlC 
ct>HOyT FpOC AomON FTACpANAq NTTAOC 1HC 
HXC F^FHTON NHl ANOK fc>A nFqBO)K FGpFqXFH 
HAO)lNl AU FBoAbFN nAl KOCHOC AqAtT- | 
FNEHno^A fc>FN TPqMFTArA00C AqFNT F^OyN 

FTFqnoAic oyo^ AippeFcopiw N^AI ^woy TFK- 

MAy Fpoq ^COK FpF TAl (TpHTTl NMOypO TOl Fpoq 
FpF ^ NXAOH FXO)C AtNAy FpOC AlCOO) NNlct>Al 

Fpoc XF nAi HB reoDpnoc TTIMFAITCDN 20 

^>H FTAqnoy Nf NCOTT FXFN 
THC nxc oyo^ AINAY FNH FeoyAB 
THpoy FyppnpocKyNiN MMoq oyo^ AMOK go) 

AIO)FTT OyMHO) wfc>tCl glXFN ^)pAN NTTFNoU IHC 

nxc oyog Ainoy N wcon WAIXCJD MMOC HF 25 
fc>FN MAMFyi HF[XF] ic ^vmnF ^O^HO) NFMAq t>FN 

niTAlO OyO AlTAgNO NniFpnpOCKyNIN HHOq 

oyog TTAI pn^ t>FN oycoycoy woyoar A ^>H 
FTCCooyNoy wngHT NNOYON NIBPN oyoapn 
o)Apoi NmXpXHArrFAoc HiXAnA oyo# npxAq 30: 



NETTlCKOnoC ABBA GEOAOTOC. 



169 



NHl XE TTICCDTTT TTAyAE EGBE Oy OyN NTTEK- 
0)0>m t>EN TTtACTTACMOC NTTHATIKON KATA TUOy- 
ACAgNl NTE TUTTANTOKpATODp AIXO) Epoq N<})H 
ETfc>EN TTAHT OyO AqoAT CATOTq 0)A <j)H 
EGOyAB ATTANOyB TUOMoAoriTHC ETTIAH AqO)0)m 5 
t>EN ^METMApTypOC NEM ^METMOyNAXOC 

Eycon AqTAMoq EmoyAgcA^Ni NTE noC 

170. nEXE 4> H HGOyAB OMOAOHTHC NHl XE HAICOT 

EGoyAB nAAE (sic) MAO^E NAK xow EBOA M(J>oy- 
Mnoc oyog NnEpxoc XE Aibici MMAO)(O 10 

pH^" NniNlJ^i" TECDpriOC Eni^H 
nEKOyCJDO) MMAyATK EGBE HOC HlGMHl 
ETEMMAy NGOq ZITW gANKEAEBIN NEM 
MAXl NEM gANBAO)Oyp NEM ^ANiqT NEM 

oyxpcoM NEM oycnqi NpoB NEM gANoypcooy 15 

NGHptON EygCOOy i-XO) PAp MMOC NAK 0) HA- 
MENplT XE NANE OyCOH NNOyCOT AN 

mgynEpETHC i NTEqxoc NAK XE noypo 

EpOK AMOy EBOA M^pH'f NO NpOMni NTE 
OyANAXCDplTHC EqEpnoAlTEyECGE t>EN TEq- 20 
MONH ETAICODTEM AE ENAl Al^METANlA Nni- 

ApXHArrEAoc NEM ^ H P^OYAB EIXCO MMOC 
XE xo> NHI EBoA oyog nAi pnf AypAO)i NEMHI 
oyo AigcoA o)A niMApTypoc CATOT AiEp- 
npocKyNiN AniMApTypoc EGOYAB NTE nxc 25 

AOITTON 0) niMANECCJDOy NTE T7XC ETENgOT 
TAXpE HEK^HT XE MMON ^)H ETONl MMOK 

NGoq mXnoc rEopnoc fc>EN NiMApTypoc 

THpOy ETAyd'lxAoM gO)C AE EpE <|)H EGOyAB 

CAXl NEMHl A FIlMATOl NTE $"f- niAPlOC PEtOp- 30 

22 



170 merKODMiON EAqTAoyoq NXE niMAKApioc. 

riQC I EO)ApOl (sic) EpE TTEqgO glAKTIN NNOy- 
(MW EBOA AqEpACTTAEC9E MMOl OyO; 

NEH oyNoq oyo# nEXAq NW XE 
NTEKnoAic (sic) ANKypA KO 

C INA NTAl NTAtt)0)ni bATOTK E9BE 5 
XE KEp NEM E NNABOT O)ATEKl O^ApOl ETAl 

noAic EeoyAB NAI AE ETAqxoToy NHI AiTcooy- 
Noy i>EN foyNoy EBoAbEN ni^opAMA noypo 

&E NEM HIKE tB NETTICKOTTOC ETAyNAy ERgO 

NniEmcKonoc Eqoi NNoycoiNt AyEMi XE AqNAy 10 
Eoyffcopn EBoA oyo^ Ayf'eo Epoq E9pEqxo> 
Epcooy NNH ETAqNAy Epo)oy N9oq AE ETAqi 
Epoq N2^ nEqHT Aqxo) Epcooy N'fonTACiA 

THpC ETAqNAy EpOC OyOg AyEp(^(|)Hpl MMAC^O) 

oyog Ayi^cooy M^'f NEM niMApTypoc E9oyAB 15 
mXrioc rEcopnoc oyo^ A noypo Epoycb 
XE fc>EN [m]E<30oy ETA noc T^EMCOI 
[n9p]oNOc NNipa)MEoc nApA nAEM[no)]A oyog 

AINAy fc>EN NABAA NpEq[Ep]NOBl EniAPlOC rEO)p- 
TIOC ETAqi EBoAt>EN T^)E EqTAlHOyT Ent?90 20 
fol.171. EpE OyON OyKONTAplON NNOyB fc>EN TEqXIX 
NNOyiNAM EpE ntApXHAPrEAoC M00)l NEMAq 

oyo^ AIN Ay Eoy^pwrn NNoys TOI EXEN 

EpE 2j NXAOM TOI EXEN TEqA(|)E OyOg 
OyCOlNl E^OTE (j)pH NNOy9BA NKODn NCOn 25 
Aqi 0)ApOl EqME^ NpAC^l AqAMONl MMOl 
AqTgEMCOl glXEN n9pONOC N^METOypO 
EpE OyMHO) fcEN NH ETEMnO)A fc>EN TTl- 
CTpATEyMA Ep9E(bplN MMOq N^O OyE (sic 1 ) 

i) Read oyBE. 



NFTTICKOITOC ABBA 0FO&OTOC. 



171 



oyog AiNAy Fpoq NKFCOH BFN TFqFK- 

KAHCIA F00yAB AqTAHOl NNH FTFpNOqpl NTA- 
\|/YXH ANOK AF FTAICCDTFM FNAl AtCMOy FHAoC 

mn NFM NH FeoyAB HMAprypoc fiTAq MF- 

NFNCA MAI A niFHlCKOnOC FTFMMAy O)F FTFq- 5 
BAKl AqKCDT NNOyFKKAHCIA FCTAlHOyT t>FN 

(J>pAN Mcjrf- NFH ntXrtoc rpoDpnoc oyog Aqpp- 

APIA^IN MMOC NNFqKlX NnATFqi FBoA fc>FN 
CO)HA NF OyAl <*>q HF FBOA t>FN niTlH NFniC- 

Konoc FTAyecooyf IDFN NIPFA (sic) oyog AqFp- 10 

OF NpOMTTl NFmCKOHOC OyOg AqFNKOT t>FN 
TTOC FqXH pm N[pOM]ni 1C NAl MFN ANXOTOy 
Na)[TFN] O) NAMFNpA^ NCNHOy FBOAt>FN Ml- 
Nl^l" NTAIO FTA ^ THITOy MOIHATOI NXO>pt 
NTF fxOM niN10)f NNAOAyTHC TTlAriOC PFODp- 15 
HOC 4>Al FTOyFpO)Al NAq M^)00y fc>FN niKOCMOC 
THpq NFM fc>FN Nl^)HOyi niKFCFHl NTF TlFqCDOy 
MFM npqMlC^f NTAIO FTtfOCl FAqXH fc>FN TAvfH 

NTF T(])F TnoAic wnoypo nxc AOIHON ^Noy 

XF 0) NAMFNpAt FTCMApCDOyT t>FN HOC g)CON 20 
FANFMl iiFN OyMFGMW XF niAriOC TFODpriOC 
t>FNT Ffc>OyN ty^ NTAl i>F THpC OyO OyON- 

TFq nAppwciA MMAy F#o)A Fboyw nnFHeo 

C FGOyAB NCHOy NIBFN MtgHOT FXFN 
NtBFN AomON HApFNXAN gO)N MnpOC- 25 
TATHC FBOAglTFN ^ArAHH Ft>OyN FJSOyN (sic) 
FNENCNHOy NgHKl NFM NlO^FMMCDOy MApFN- 
MFNpF NFNFpHy HApFNApFg FHlTOyBO FCFO)0)nt 
NAN THpOy 0) NAMFN[pAf fee] pF niAPlOC TF- 
(DpPlOC 6lgMOT FgpHl FXCDN NA^pFN TTFNoC 30 



172 TTlErKCDMlON EAqTAOyOq NXE TTlMAKAptOC. 



me nxu eonoDc NTEqo)ENHT [#A]pON oyoe 

NTEqXO) NAN EBOA NNENNOBl OyO NTEqCMOy 

t EboyN NTE ITENAAOC Nwoyxi MEM 
wfc>EAAoi [NEM] NtXAcooyi Nixwpa NEH 
NinapeENOc oyog ON NTEqcHoy N())H ETAq- 5 
fol. 172. quj)po)oya) NHAIXODM aqeAMioq EBoA fc>EN NEq- 
MMtn t>EN nxc me HENOC <|)AI ETE EBoA 
EpE nuboy npEni NAq NEM 

NAArAGOC (sic) NEM HmRA E60yAB 
TANfc>0 OyOg NOMOOyClOC NEMAq ^NOy NEM 10 
NCHOy NIBEN NEM O)A ENE^ NTE NlENEg THpOy 
AMHN 

fol. 172 obverse. 

f t>EN npAN NHEN 1 

oc iwC nxC Aqcyconi NXE 15 

TTAl XrAGON NO)ENEp$MEyi 
NTE HAl XO)M EBOA glTOOTOy 
NNENMAlNOyf NCNHOy MMAl 
APAOE niAlAKON TTETpOC ENE ....... 

m^AKON KEAAoyXNEMNOya)H[plNnHATlK](?)ON 20 

Aya)0(])q EBoA I^EN noybici MM[HI AyTHtq](?) 

E^OyN E^AKIA NEKAHCIA ETE ........... 

MIXAHA NTE ixE^pONE fc> ............. 

EyO)ENEp(|)MEyi NCDOy NEM NOyiO+ 
+^20 EBON NIBEN EGNACDO) Nfc>HTq IE NH 
EGNACCOTEM EpOq NTOyXOC XE NH ET ON[g](?) 

NTE noC EpnEqNAi NNIO)^ NEM[Ay] 



*) This and the following 17 lines are written below the last 
lines of the text. 




NETTICKOTTOC ABBA GEOAOTOC. 

KE NH ET[AYCINI](?) EBoA NTCDOY TE noC *\ 

TON MOYl|/ lXH TEqpOGBOY fc>EN KENq 

f- E60YAB AYpA[^AM NEM ICAAKJ 

MEM IA[KO>B] 



173 



fol. 172 reverse. 
NTP NIXOM HH ETfc>BN 



NHEqiCDT 



TH 



10 



NEqAgCDp MEg NNAl NEM METO)ENeHT 

ETX ....... 

;OHC NCHOY NIBEN NCA GME^ANIA NNipEqEpNOBi 

cy (|)MOy AM MTTlpEqEpNOBl Nnpwf TEq 
'AC]00q TEqO)Nt> TENTODB 

mMAlpO)[Ml] ITEN Nfi"gO NTE 

:EpntNAl NEM OyON NIBEN EpE bid EO)ENEp^)HEyi 
.... 0)0y fc>EN TTAl KOyXl NXODM t>EN nAl EO)N 15 

N KE EODN EONHOy TTOC EKE^l NNOyv|/yXH 
NITOnOC NTE 1TEMTON XE N00K EpE nEpO)ta)t NIN(?) Al 

TOTK nia>[oy] NEM niCMoy EpnpEnt NAK fyunr 

NEM nO)Hpl MEM mnRA (^A NIENEg THpoy AMHN. 
XpONON MApTypO XOB. 20 



l ) These lines are written in the middle of the page. 



'RAGMENTS OF A SAHIDIC VERSION 



OP THE 



MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 



Fragment A, 

[Codex Borgianus CLIL] 

[p:ige!2. A6ANACIOC 1 AF AqXl NOyATTOT MMOyNCJDpd) 
('ol % 

AqFOFtKAAFl NgNpAN N&A1MOWON FgpAl FXCDq ' 

AqrAAq NAq. Aycb NTFpFqcooq MnpAAAy MFTF- 
eooy cyamF MMoq Fnrvipq. ABAMACIOC AF 

TTFXAq MOppO XF FTt KFKOyi TTF NTAAOKIHA^F 5 
HMOq. FC^COn FpO)AN TM HFOOOy C^CDUF MMOq * 
FIF ANOK 2<toWT ON ^NAOyAgT NCA HFNTAy- 

CTAypoy MMoq. nAAiN ON Aqxi [NK]FAnor 
j e -Jj MHoyNOpu) (sic) Aycb AqTFg gNKFnA^pF Fpoq 

AqFOFlKAAFl NgNKFNO^ NpAN NAAlMONtON F\- 10 

^ooy Ngoyo No^opn F^pAi F^coq AqTAAq 
NAq ON. Aycb Aqxirq Nroorq nnMAroc* Aq- 

CCJ>pAriF MHOq NO)OMNT NCOH FHpAN MFTFICJOT 

MN rro)HpF MN nFnRA FToyAAB. Aycb NTEyNoy 

AqCOOq MHFMTO FBOA MnppO MN HMAPOC Ayd) 15 
MTTF AAAy MUFGOOy 0)COnF MMOq FHTUpq. A8A- 
^ 6 j 4 * NACtOC AF AqpO)TTHHpF MMOq HFXAq NAq XF 
0) TFODpriOC HFTTAFlHy O) ngHBC NTMF 'f'COpK 
FpOK MHFCTAypOC MUFXC 1C TTNOyTF NTAqFl 



FRKOCMOC FNOygM NNFTCCOpM (sic) THpOy NA 



20 



v ) For the memphitic version of this fragment see page 8, 
15. 
2 ) Meinphitic version, p. 9. 



23 



178 Fragment A. 

NTA\|/yxvr Ayd) NpJ- MAI NTFC^PAPIC- FT#M 
TTFXC XFKAC FyFoycon NAI. NTFpFqNAy AF 
Ntfi rrgArioc reoi)prioc FTFqmc/nc' AqAAuri^F 
MITRAL* Aqno) AqTAyo FgpAi woynooy wee 
NoyFiFpo FqgAATF. Ayd) AqBAnn^F MMoq. 

FnpAN MnFlCOT MN OO^HpF Mh TTFTTHA FTOyAAB. 

Aca)tt>nF AF NTFpFqoyd) FqBArm^F nnoq 

A HHOOy ANAXGOpFl NAq FOFqHA 

nppo AF NTFppqNAy FnFNTAqa)o)nF 

ETppyqi NAGANACIOC FBoA nBoA 10 
NrnoAic NCFTAyoq FgpAi ^N oycwqF' Aqxoon 

FBOA NTFqMApTyplA NCoyXOyTCAO)q MnFBOT 

a ^ e j 5 * T[(OBF] Ayxirq Fn[nApA]^icoc gw oypooy. 
Aqoyp^CAgMF N(fi nppo FTppyxi 

PFCOpriOC* FnFC^TFKO NKFCOn 0)AN- 15 

TFqcKFnri MMoq- XF oy nFTFqNAAAq* 

AF MTFpFqO)0)nF AqKFAFyF FTpFyCHlNF N 
NTpOXOC* MHFCMOT NOyd'Ald"* 
CH q E FTTTF ^inFCHT AF 

NF* Fyxnp FH^O cNAy FyoBT F^oyw Fpoq. 2a 

nppO AF AqoyFgCA^ME FTpFyNTC| 

nFO)TFKO* MCFxirq FHMA FTFp 

page 15. jq^ HT q e nnFTOyAAB AF TFOOpriOC 

FHMA FTFpF fTMANrANON N2 HT q* AqNAy FHF- 
TpOXOC FTF frMAMrANON HF FqXtpA NCHqF 25 

MFN ^irne nnoq ^IRFCHT AF pqxitfbpTF 

FyoBT Fgoyn Fpoq. Aqxooc 
Nnrq X:F NAMF* N'fNAoyxAi AN FBoA- 

n[F]lMANrANON. MNNCCJDC AF AqKTOq ^M 

npxAq &M nEq^nr. XF rFODpnoc 3c 



igment A. 



179 



Oy 8KMOK[g] C l NAl. NOFl MITFKAHpOC 

V V V 

XF ITFXC gaxjuq NTAyAoyrq N 

TMHTF NAlCTHC CNAy. NTFpFqXF NAl AF. 

AqqFi NNFqBAA FepAi ETHB NNAgpH rixoeic- 

NAq. nsxAq xe FTXOFIC nerp- s 
nAroNoeETHC wpeqxpo- nojoy- 
o)oy Aycb nTeAwA MN nenAoH NHMAprypoc- 
SIN TFeoysiTF- nsNTAqTAMie rne* 

AqCMNCFNTU HTTKA* glXM TTMOOy TTE- 
TOyAAB FTMTON MMOq ^N NSTOyAAB. nSTF 10 
AAAy NpODMH HAy Fpoq ENPg. HEN- 
EBOA flTTTF NGF NOygBCO' FAqKO) 
NHMOOy MN NFIODTF MN NAHp FTNA- 
nFNTAqMF^ NFKAOOAF HHOy N<00y. 

FXN NAtKAlOC MN NpFqJ3NOBF. 15 

ic nFNTAqo)i fwrooy gw oyo)i Aycb NFK- 
poooy ^N oyMAO)F- nFNTAqoya)^ N^HTC NrnAp- 

9FNOC FTOyAAB MAplA N0F NTAqOyAtt)C. FBOA 
XF HN(^(fOM NAAAy FNF. FgOT^FT NCA frX(JDK 
NTFKHNTNOyTF. TFNOy ^F HAXOFIC AMOy 20 

Fpoi Ayd) Nruo) NAI FBoA ANOK mppq- 

)' NH"MTON NAi' FBOA g^ N[F]I ICF 
(sic)' FTKODTF FpOl' XF TTFKpAN gA FOOy O)A 
FNF^ NFNF CAMHN. NTFpFqXCOK AF 2 FBOA MTTFO)- 

AnA Aycb nq'f- nngAMHN Ayuoxq FgoyN gA HF- 25 

tfAlA AyO) NTFpOygODK FKCDq AyO)AATq AyAAq 
HMFAOC HFAOC. no AF &IMANOC 



!) Memphitic version, p. 10. 
2 ) Memphitic version, p. 11. 



180 Fragment A, 



NTFqCMH EqXO) HMOC NNFppODOy XF ANAy 
XF MN KFNOyTF N6F MnATToAAoDN* MN TTFp- 
MHC MN TT FyC. MN CKAMANTpOC MN <J)AICTOC 
MN gypAKAyC NAi FTO NppO FXH noy^^OMNT 

pagei7.j^^ nF . ^^ ^ B0 ^ giTobToy ppp i^ppoDoy d) 5 

AyO) FpF NXCOCbpF AMA^TF MlTKAg 

giTOoroy. FqrcoN ^F 1C nFNTAycTAypoy 
MMoq TTNoyTF NPFCopnoc' nAi NTAynooyTq 
wqAia)BO)T NioyAAi'. FTBF oy HnFqFi NFq- 
FBoAgii MA^IX. NAi AF NTFpFqxooy 10 

HFApAKCDN FTgM fTNOyM. AqoyFgCAgNF 
FTpFyNOyXF NNFqKFFC. FgpA'i FyO)Hl FMN 
page 18. H00 y NguiTq FAqXOOC XF HMHOTF NTF OyA 
Fl &\ NFXptC'tANOC' NFqqi MOFqCODMA* NFqKO)T 

Fpoq NoyMAprypiON* NFqFiNF nnFqcNoq FgpAi 15 

FXN TAAHF. F NF A HNAy TAp MnAplCTON 
0)0)TTF- Ayd) nppO MN NKFppO FTNHMAq. AyBCDK 
FnAplCTON. ACa^CDHF ^F N TFyNOy FTMMAy * 

A nAwp Hoyg NKAooAF Aycb Aywotf NKMTO 
o^conF gcocTF NTF TTKAg tt)TopTp Ayd) NT[F] 20 

NTOyElH (sic) NOFIN ' NTF 0AAACCA TCJDOyN FgpAl 
NA MHNTH(sic) HMAeH' F NF A flXOFlCTAp Fl F17F- 
CHT' FBOA gN MHHyF FqgMOO* FXH fr 
XFpOyBlN AqAgPpATq ATN TTAHpO 
AqKFAFyF HHIXAHA FTpFqFtNF NNMEAOC' NPF- 25 
(DpriOC FOyN FNFyFpHy. FUFIAH 1 AqXOOC XIN 
FqON XF N-fNAOyXAl AN FBOAgM TTFlMANrA- 
NON- 2CFKAC FqEHlCTFyF XF OyN[<H)M] 



l ) Memphitic version, p. 12. 



Fragment A. 



181 



pl .gel9. 
col. I. 



19. 
:ol II. 



ce20, 
I. 



ETOyNEC NETM^lOOyr] 1 MNNCA TpEyMOy. 17X0- 

EIC &E ic AqAMA^TE NrEGDpnoc N TEq[tfix] 
TTEXAq NAq XE rpcoprioc TiFix NTACTTAACCE 

NA&AM frO)Opn NpODME' NTAlTAMlOq EBoA M 
FTKAg NMHA NO)A. NTOC ON TBNOy ' ETNAfrAACCE 5 
MMOK. A TTXOEIC NiqE EgOyN EgpAq NOynNOH 

NO)N. Ayd) NTEpE rrxoEic ACHA^E MMoq 
AqBcoK EepAi nnwyE MN NEqArrEAoc. 
noc AE NTEpEqrcDoyN EBoA &\ 
[A]qMOOO)E Aq[r]a)MNT ENp[pa)oy] gw TEn[A]- 10 

ATIA Eyf-gATT [E]gNpO)ME EAya^ODA 1 NOypHE. 

Aql" MTTEqoyoY Aqp Z\QU HHooy nEXAq NAy 

AE 0) NppCJDOy ATETNCOyCDNT MN nETNCTpA- 
TEyHA XE ARP MM* AqElCJbpM 2^E E^OyN EgpAq 
N<ft HE^pAKCDN ETgM HNOyN* HEXAq XE FTEq- 15 

npoconoN HE- NKooyE AE NEyxco HHOC XE 

HMON' AAAA EqElNE HMOq RETHMAy TAp 

Aqoyd) Eqnoy Aya> NAO) N qNAd)N2- Aqoy- 

0)(^B N^l TTEnETOyAAB TECOpriOC HEXAq XE 
ANOK FIE PEODpriOC* nENTATETNO)AATC) gN 20 
TEqMHTE' E0BE Oy TETNNO^NE^ AfrpAN M17A- 
NOyTE nENTAqTAMlO NTHE HN FTKAg HN NET- 

w^HToy Twpoy Aycb Aq^ NHTN NTMNTEpo. 

EO^ACTAKO. AqNAy 2^E N^l ANAToAAlOC 2 HEC- 
TpATyAATHC XE A TECDpriOC TO)OyN EBOA gN 25 

NETHOoyr- AqnicTEyE NToq HN 



A later hand has written on the margin the Arabic equi- 
it of this word; Li'j-1 
2 ) Memphitic version, p. 13. 



182 Fragment A. 



* ;}/YXH NIH NTAYTTICTEYE ETTxoEtc- MTTE- 

ETEMMAY EY NA P MAAB \|/1C NO)E ETTC- 
TAIOY \1/ITE M\J/YXH. AqKEAEYE N(fl TTppO &A- 

NTHoAlC N 



' 5 



TCHqE. AYOl> NTEtgE ACXODK 
N OYSOHOAoPlA ENA- 
' NCOY MENTH HnEBOT Ht^lp' 
KAOM' AY^ITOY EnnApAAlCOC &\ 



CETODB^ EXCON ANON NE1 pEqpNOBE NNA^pN 10 I 



TTEXC. 

MNNCA NAI AqKEAEYE N(H AAAIANOC ETE HE 

&pAKO)N ETgM TTNOYN HE ETpEYElNE NAq 

y\Q rf\ O 1 V ^ V 

age Y'MnnETOYAAB PECOpriOC' EnBHHA* A\(JD AqOYEg- 

CA^NE ETpEYElNE NOY^Ao^ HTTENinE' NCEXTO 15 
HO^IKAIOC. MNNCCOC NCEEINE NOY^AAA^T 
EpOC NOYTAgT gApOC* tt)ANTEO 



NCEO)OYE TA^T EgpA'i EpCJDq. MNNCODC ^E ON 
AqKEAEYE ETpEYBoAq EBOA gM TTnENinE NCE- 20 
OqT NgNElBT E[T]EqXnE. AqOYAeCA^NE &E 
ON ETpEYElNE NOYNO^ NCONE' NCEa)Ta}0)Tq 
NCEOYA^q EgpAl EXN TEqAHE NCEOpi MMOq* 

^N OYTA^T- AY(i> NCEKopnp Ana)NE. gN OYMA 

EqCKpKCDp ETTFCHT- gCDCTE NTE NEqMEAoC NOY6 25 
EBOA NNEYEpHY- NTEpEqqi AE EgpAl ^A ^KE (sic) 
BACANOC. gN OYMNTXO)d)pE* EpE HCDNE OqT 
EXN TEqAHE* O)A nEqMOKg. AqKEAEYE 



This word has been written on the margin by a later hand. 



Fragment A. 183 

AU)Tq FgpA'i NCAXCOq* NCFgOOK MMOq. FTAlKAtOC 
&F NFqCOTTC FqXO) MMOC XF TTAXOFIC 1C TTBXC 
NAgMFT FBOAgN NEl BACANOC. MNNCA NA1 
^ AqKFAFyF Ml TTFApAKGUN FTgM 
FTppyTAMlO W)yFF NgOHNT NCFOqT 1 



FpOC N^NEIBT FyO)Ol HN gFNOlMF FyO)Oi' 

NCFNoyxF Fgoyw Fpoc Mn^iKAioc. Ayd) 

AqKFAFyF FTpPyKCOTF N^N^OMNT MN g^N' 
MANPANON. gO)CTF NTF NFqMFAoC FTlOyN 

FBOA N8E NOyKMOOy MTTUJCDM. NTFpFqqFl 10 
'fKFBACANOC (sic) gN OyMNTXO)O)pF. AqKF- 

a S e -AFyF FTpFyxirq FOFO^TFRO NCF Noxq FBoA* 

O)ANTFqMOO)Tq XF C^AO) NKoAACIC* C|NA 
AN^AAtCKF M1TCA NTFqHNTBppF. A FTXOFtC AF 

oyd)N^ Fpoq gw TFyo^vi FTMMAY nFXAq NAq is 

XF TO)K MMOK rPO)priOC ANOK TAp ^0)000 
NHMAK. FIC gHHTF AKMOy MlVcyOpH NCOH 

Ai'ToyNocK nHF^qrooy AF [w]con 

[F]pOK glXN NFJVjAobAF. TA XI 

ige23. 9HKH [NTAI] (JAAcooy [Fpou FTF HFK] CCOMA 20 
[MN TFK] \J/yxn TF. TEKHAprypiA rAp NA- 

FCrfcOFIT gN MMNTFpO)Oy NCAO^qF 
' <TM<fOM TFNOy Ayd) NfTHBCoA FBOA' 

Ayc A nxoFic ACHA^F MMoq. AqBO)K FgpAi 

HHHyF MN NFqArrFAoC. NTEpF 2 TOOyF ^F 25 
O)0)nF' AqKFAFyF FTpFyFlNF MHOq FH8HMA. 

NAq \\S\ nppo HAPNENTIOC XF rFcoprioc 



*) Memphitic version, p. 14. 
2 ) Memphitic version, p. 15. 



184 Fragment A. 



MMOK NOyATHMA xf NNFUpMAHA 

F ITA XOFIC iippo [MN nF]tt)BF [N]NOY- 

TF' MN TApTFMtC TMAAy NNNOyTF THpOy ^NA- 
P c ^ 6 jj ' niCTFyF FfTFKNOyTF. TTFXAq XF AXl HFTFKOy- 
AO)C| ITFXAq Ntfl MArNFNTlOC XF FIC gHHTE 
CFgA^THN N^l MFNTAqTF N0j)ONOC AyO) 

noyX NNFepONoc FqTH(f g 

HEN FBOA NgHTOy 

FqfKApnoc. e^KOoyF 2iF ON 

FyO NATKApnOC F(yO)nF FyO)ANBO)A FBOA N(Jl 10 
ITMNTAqTF NOpONOC* ITN NFRC^AwA NTF HHO^F 

xiNoyue FBoA Ayo> NCF+KApnoc 

FBOA Ayd) NATKApnOC NCF^O) Fy6 

NATKAprroc* TNNAniCTFyF FRFKNoyrF. rrnFT- 

OyAAB AF NAMF FTTAlHy rEOOpriOC* AqKCoAi 15 
NNFqTTAT' AqO)AwA NA OyNOy CFNTF' gCOCTF 
NTF HAHp 0)0)nF' N OyNO^ NC^TOpTp. Ayd) 
AyNOiT NKMTO O)0)nF KATA 8F NTAqO)O)nF 
HTTNAy NTAqTODOyN FBOA^N NFTMOOyT. Ayd) 
NTFyNOy A HMNTAqTE NGpONOC BO)A FBOA 20 
ITN T^OM HRNOyTF. A NnobtfF NO)F 

FBoA Ayo)(Ji)nF NpFq^KApnoc Fqnwg. NF 

noc ia) OY ^F Ay^co Fyo NATKApnoc NTF- 

ppqNAy AF N^I nppo nFXAq XF NTH oy wo<f 

HpAKAHC XF gN NKFO)F FTO^OyCOOy AKOyFNg 25 

TFK^OH FBoA 1 N^HToy. rFcopno,? go)0) 'fcooyN 

XF FlN[A]TAKOq NAO^ fagjV]' AqKFApyF FTpF[y]- 
TAMIO NOyN[o(T] NBAcyoyp NCF[a)AATq] gN 



') Memphitic version, p. 16. 



Fragment A. 



185 



age 25. 
:ol. II. 



TFqHHTF NCFAAq NO) CNAy AyO) 1 . TF 

rf era 9^ v 1 v 

( ol I F NTAqt MTTFqnNA. 

HNNCCOC AF ON AqoyFCAgNF FTpFyFtNF NOy- 

N0(f NXAAXICON (sic)' NCFNOy XF FgpAl FpOq 

HHHFAOC HT1AIKAIOC' HN OyTAgT NCFCAgTF 5 

gApOq A HFXAAXlCON (sic) HN 

HN OyCJDT' HN OyAHpHgF O)ANTFqBf)Bp 

cyAt6" FBOA NAHFNTH HHAA^F. N 

NA1 FTCATF gA nFXAAXlON (sic) Ayna)T 

NTFpOyTMFO)()H<)bM Fqi FgpAl gA- 10 
' FTqGOtfF FgpAl gM HFXAAXKJDN (sic) 

FTFqo)oon N^HTq [AyTAHF nppo XF A niTAAAi- 

nOpOC pO)K^ MTTTHpq AqOyAgCA^NF NCFTOHCq 
HHKAg HN TTFXAAXUJDN (sic)' FTFqa^OOH N^HTq] 2 
XFKAC NNE NFXplCTlANOC gF FpOq NCFqi 15 
FBOA ^N NFqHFAoC' NCFCHINF NOyHApTyplON 
Fpoq. FyBHK AF FTAHF HppO' AyNO'6" AF 

Na)TODTp AF (OGDriF. gODCTF NTF THF OKAKF 

i '* I 

NCFTHpOyOFIN Nft NClOy. NF A HXOFIC TAp 
Fl FnFCHT. HN NFqArPFAoC FXH HEXAAXIODN 20 
a ^ e ^ 6 '(sic) FqXO) HHOC XF ANOK 3 HF RNOyTF NTAq- 
TOyNFC AA^ApOC. FBoA gN NFTHOOyT. NTOK 
^(JDODK 0) TFODpriOC fxO) HHOC NAK XF AHOy 
FBOA H nFXAAXlO)N (sic) NPA^FpATK FXN 
NFKOyFpHTF FHNAAAy NTAKO O)00n NgHTK. 25 
AyO) NTFyNOy AqTODOyN FBOA gN NFTHOOyT 



l ) The page ends here. 2 ) The words enclosed by 

;kets have been written on the margin by a later hand. 
3 ) Memphitic version, p. 17, 1. 4. 

24 



186 Fragment A. 



riMAprypoc ETOYAAB PEcoppioc- 
MTTE AAAY MTTEGOOY o)0)nu HHOC] Eirrupq. 
TTEXE rrxoEic NAq XE PEouppioc oyN oyNO(f 

NpAO)E U)OOTT N THE* MTTEMTO EBOA N 

E ON 



C01 J_-L 

NEKAobAE TAT#OM l^AK* N9E NABpAgAM MN 
tCAAK HN lAKO)B NAKAHpONONOC ^M^OH AyO) 
NTXpO' AMOK TAp f(^00n NMMAK. OXOEIC 
2iE 1C AqBCOK EgpAi HRHyE MN NEqAPPFAoC. 
HNNCCOC 2JP ON NETA^EpATOy ETCA^TE gA 10 

nEXAAxioN NTEpoyNAy EnENTAqa)0)nE- 
AyrAHE nppo XE rEoapnoc' nENTAKNOxq E 

XAAKION' EIC gHHTE TENOy Eq1 CBO) N THoAlC. 

Ayco AqKEAEyE ETpEyNTq NAq. 1 

................. 15 

page . pp(Dpp loc TAMOq EpOq Aq^lNE HNNOyB EyKH 

egpAi Aqxiroy E^oyn fenronoc. npa>ME AE 

NTAqODpk NNOyX NTEpE HAAIHON10H KAAq 

Noyuoyi Aqo)o) EBoA XE TTNOYTE Hn^Anoc 

PEOOpriOC KO) MAI EBOA' AyOD AqgOHOAoPEl 20 
HnE(|NOBE MTTEMTO EBoA NOyON NtH A nNOyTE 
Apoq AqNEX HAAIHONION EBOA 
NTEpE HOyXAi AF 0)0)nE NAq 

XE AlpNOBE EHNOyTE 
PEO)pPlOC TENOy <TE TODOyN HTEBODK EHENHt 25 

NTECINE HNNoyB Mnr[ono]c. 

page ? 
col. II. ' 

KO)N 



! ) The page ends here. 2 ) The column ends here. 



Fragment A. 



187 



page ? 
col. I. 



NOBF ............... 

NAq N<5i TFqcgiMF XF xtNxfrcoNCAq Aypo>MF 
XF rpcnprtoc FINF NAq MTTFKjoyp- Arf-NAq 
NNNoyB. Ayo) oypomF TTF NoyoBU) NKApoyc. 

ANOK AF AiHOOO)F NMMAq O^AgOyN FHTOnOC. 5 
AyO) Ai'Ao FINAy Fpoq. npa>MF 2S>F AqFlMF 

XF n^Arioc TFoapnoc HF Ayd) Aqo^n^MOT 

NTH nNOyTF FXH nF^HOT NTAqTAgOq MN 6F 
NTAqoyXAl FBOA M HAAtMONtON. Ayd) HFq- 

o)oon #M nronoc An^Artoc pFooprtoc FqAiA- 10 
NAq (yA nFgo[oy] MiTFq [BIOC] . , . 



page t 
col. II. 



..... HTTF ........... 

HMooy. Ayo^conF ^M rrTonoc Mrrearioc rpcop- 15 

PIOC gCOCTF NTF nFqCOFIT TTCDg tt)A NFXCDpA 
FTBF NtfOM FTO^OOn W^HTq. NFTO)CONF 
MMOOy NAAIMONION NCjNOyXF MMOOy 

FBoA. AyFi jpApoq nffi wppcooy HN NKCDMHC. 
AynA^roy Ayxtcnoy ^M nFqronoc FroyAAB 20 

AyFINF NAq NgN^>pON. gWNF AyTAMlO 



iNoyB AyrAgooy ....... nFqronoc 

KOOyF &F AyTAHlO N^AlHHN NHOyB. MN 
KyMFAlON MN ^NFyAPPFAlON FypHMFFyF 
NNFyO)HpF. Ayd) NFpF TTeAriOC PFODpriOC' 25 
XlgMOT FgpA'l FXO)Oy NNA^pH TTNOyTF. 
A UFXC ^NAq MHFl KFNO(f NgMOT'N 
NAq FqXO) MMOC XF AlODpk MMO'l MMtN MMOl' 
XF pOOMF NIM FTO^OOn ^N OyANAPKH MN 1TI- 
pACMOC NIM* Fq(^ANO)0) F^pAl FpOl HT 30 



188 Fragment A. 

page ? THpq NFqxooc XF nnoyTF Mn^Arioc pFo&pnoc 
col. I. v .. , <\ 

BOH6FI FpOl. TNANAMOy FBOA M TTlpACMOC 

NIM- MN ANAPKH NIM FIC NAI MFN ANxooy 

FTBHHTK ti) nMApTypOC MOFXC Ay& ITXCOCDpF 
N^yNATOC HFNTA HNOyTF ^TAFIO NAq ^N 
THF Ayti) ^IXM ITKAg' TNCOHC MMOK ApmpFC- 
BFyF F^pAl FXOJN NNA^pN TTFNTAKMFplT(] 
HFXC NFqojFNF^THq ^ApON. NFqAy^AMF NNFN- 



AyO) NEqO)T77 NMMAN 1 

. MN TFqAPAnH #i oycon. Nqqi MMAy 
MN mnoAyMoc FBoA ^IXCJDN. Ayti) 

MN NFJOyClA MN NApXCON MN NF- 
KplTHC' FTApXFl F2CCDN. Nl' 
FOFqnAACMA FTOyAAB' AyO) Nt)"|~ NAN 
OFIO) NFlpHNlKON' XF TNCOOyN XF 
MMOK FnpFCB[FyF Fg]pAl FXCON [NJTN TFXAplC 
MN TMNTMAipO)MF MTTFNXOFIC TC HFXC HAl 

FBoA giroorq FpF npooy MN nrAFio- MN TF- 
npockyNFCic rrpFRFi NAq MN nFqEio)T NAPA- 20 

80C MN nFHNA FTOyAAB' NpFqTANgO MTTTHpq 
Ayti) N^OMOOyClON* TFNOy MFN Ayti) NOyOFlU) 
NIM Ayti) O)A NAIODN Twpoy NNAICDN 



ACXCOK F[BOA N^]t TMApTyptA [MN N(TOM] 25 
MlTgAPlOC [PFCOpPlOC] gN OyFlpHNH [NTF] 
nNOyTF gA^AMHN (sic) . . ...... IP MTTA 

col. II p? 



FPO) FAAX CTF(|)ANOC KAl KOANNHC 



30 



Fragment A. 



189 



rpA\J/A XpmFNMFFyF' TToC To OFxc FqFCMoy 

AyU) NFqgApF FnO)N MN fTTAgO FpAT(| 
MFTATTA IAKO)B nyy MnApXHRAHA AwyC MN 

KoyABAN XnoxcopioN C^HIN OANOC XF wroq 
Aqqi rrpooycy MnFixcDCDMF NgynoMNHMA Mni- s 
gAPtoc TFODpnoc #A noyxAi NTFqv|;yXH XF 
KAC Fpe n^Arioc rtcoprioc NAXI^MOT Fxo>q 
nppo npxc Nqroyxoq gn HFIAICON 
N Ayo> Nq-fnAq noyMFpoc MN oy 

HN NFTOyAAB THpOy gM HKFAKON 10 



Fragment B. 



MF. MoyrF 1 ppoq XF Acup- AyNoxq FBoA MMAy 
L N(H NgynHpFTHC AynoToy snecHT. Ayoyp AF 



FBOA MriTOOy NOyCTAAlON. Ayti) NTFyHOy 

sic oyNoff Ngpoyn TIE Aqo)a>rnr ^O>CTE 
rooy THpq NOFI. Ayd) X nxoFic Fi 2 

AqnoyTE Frpcoprioc Fqxoo HMOC 
XF OD TTAcamr N^HC^A "fajoyN 
frKAg. c^ TFywoy AF FTHMAy 
col. II. Nifi rrnFToyAAB rFcopnoc FBOA^N 

Aqnoar ^mA^oy NNgyrrppFTHC AqxicyKAK FBoA 10 

XF tfO) NHTN NOyKOyi. N^yOHpFTHC AF NTFpOy- 

ca>TH FTFqcHH AyKOToy FnA^oy Aya) NTF- 
poyNAy FnnFToyAAB pFoapnoc' Fqnur 

HMOOy FqXlO)KAK FBOA' Ay#F ^A NFq 

MMOC XF OD nFNMFplT NFICOT FTTAFWy 15 

ir^H^AA nnNoyTF #N oyHF* MA NAN 

NTFC(])pAriC FTgM HFXC 1C* Aydl) NTFy- 



Mf. N0 y AyMOOy OyODN^ FBOA^l gH HPTAIKAIOC 

COl. 1. v v x 



HMOoy FirpAN nnpioDT MN na)Hpp 

MN TTF TTNA FTOyAAB. HHATOi AF NTAyXOOy- 20 



') Memphitic version, p. 24, 1. 24. 
2 ) Mempbitic version, p. 25. 



Fragment B. 



191 



col. II, 



col. I. 



col. II. 




coy Ntfi NFppouoy. FNOyxp FBoA HTTCCDHA 
HirrrFToyAAB PFO>pPioc. nFpAnpouN- MN kAw- 

PATIOC MN AANAClAplOC MN MAN&plANOC NTF- 

poypFi^F o)A nppo Ayxtu)i<AK FBoA Fyxoo 

HMOC XF ANON NXplCTlANOC nAppHClA. nppO 5 

AB Aqo)o>nF ^N oyNO(T N^BA* AqneAfyH XE 

kAHTODN FTpFyAO)TC| NCA XODq. MAN&plANOC AB 
MN AANClAplOC FTpFyHOOyTOy N TCHqF. 

Ayo> kAHPA^ioc FTpFyNoxq FHKFNIKION MFq- 

MIO)F HN NFOHplON AyO) NTFIgB AyXCDK FBOA 10 

NTFyMAprypiA *\ oy^oHoAonX FNANoyc 

HlTNAy NXnvJ/lTF NCOyij/lC HUFBOT 
gN OyFlpHNH NTF nNO^TF ^^ HHN - 1 

NCA NAi A nppo Hoyrp Fn^Artoc 

NAq 2CF O^F OAXOFIC nj)H HN TTTAl Oy- 15 
l|/lC NNOyTF' Ayd) TApTHHIC THAy 
NNNOyTF ^CO FpOK N0E NoyO^HpF HHFplT. 
AHoy 2 ^F TFNOyd) nAO)HpF TFODpriOC NP CODTH 
NCO)1 Fl^CBO) NAK* FFIFTFO^F HF Nf'l" HnFKOyOl 

NP TAAF eyciX FgpAi HnAnoAAo)N nFTToyxo 20 

NTOlKOyHFNH THpC. HF2SF TTHFTOyAAB NAq XF 

FpE NFl 0)AXF TO)N O^A HOOy FIC CO NpOMFTF 

FKBACANi^F HH01 FAKAAT HMF^OC 

HNT NCOn HnFlCODTH FNFl 

NTOOTK FNFg NCA ITOOy. ApA ^F 0) HppO N PCOOyN 25 

AN XF riPFNOC NNEXplCTlANOC HFyF O)HOOy- 



At the foot of this page, under the second column, is 
in smaller letters : TTHFgA NCOTT NGDO) :- 
Memphitic version, p. 26. 



192 Fragment B. 



roy FNF# AAAA FO)Ay<fa> 

FToyxo) MMooy NAY- TFNOY 6e AKnporppnet 

MMOl gN FNroAAriA fNATAAF 0yClA FgpAi' 

FNOY MHNotf NNOYTF TTAnoAAcuN. nppo AF 
col. I. v v 

FXN TeqATTF. nHFTOyAAB AF PFCDpriOC 5 

NCABOA HHoq Fqxa> HHOC XF MFNTF 

NPAAlAAlOC CyNHeiA Ni>UNF FTlTTEl 
TFyAHF FIHHTF1 NTATAAF 6yCtA 
NNFKNOyTF. OyFgCA^NF (ft 
MMOl. FnO)F. FHFl AH A HF^OOy OyFl NF AyOD 10 
A npH plKF FgODTn AAAA XFKAC FIC^ANTCDOyN 
col. II. FTOOyF ppp HMHO^F THpq CODOyg ANOK AF 
gCDODT NTATAAF 0yClA F^pAl NNNOyTF- HFXAq 
AF MJlMApTypOC XF NMFCO)O)ni O) TFCDpriOC 
FTpAKO)AA^F MMOK NKF COD AAAA NKFCFO^F 15 
NT AIT A Ay NAK FyCBO) N0F NOyFlCDT FqUAlAFyF 
TFNOy <fe AMOy NP BO)K F^OyN 1 
nnAAAATlON (yA TppO) AAFZANTplA NP 
MTON MMOK O)A ^TOOyF. NTFpOyXlTt) AF F^OyN 
0)A TppO) XAF?ANTplA Aqc^TAM MTTpO FpOOy 20 
He< AqFl FBOA pOy^F AF NTFpFqa)O)TTF AqKO)Ax 

' NNFqnAT Aqc^AwA Fqxo) MHFI xj/AAnoc XF NIM 

FTF nNOy^ NNOyTF N6F MOFNNOyTF NTOK HF 
nNOyTF FTFlpF NNFlO)nHpF MAyAAq* Ayd) ON 
XF A^pOOy NF6NOC AyXICF N2 HT ' ANAAOC (sic) 25 
MFAFTAN NePNnFTO)OyFlT- AyAg FpATOy 
NFppCOOy MTTKAg- Ayd) ANApX(X)N (sic) 

Ff oyBF nxoFic MFN nFqxpc- NTF- 



') Memphitic version, p. 27. 



Fragment B. 



193 



. II. 



L I. 



I. II 



NA. 
col. I 



pF ntTFToyAAB AF TFCDpnoc oyu) Fqo)AnA Aql* 

MTTAMHN. 17FXAC NAq N<Tl TppO) XAEJAN- 
TplA XF TTAXOFIC PFCDpPlOC NIM NF NFlppCOOy 
ITAyXICF NHT H NIM NF NFl ApXODN NTAy- 
LFAFTA NeFNTTFTtt)OyFlT Ayd) ON TAMOl XF 5 
NIM T7F TTEXpC Ayd) ANOK ^NACGDTM FpOq. A 

nnFToyAAB &F rFcopnoc oycoN NTFqTAnpo 

nFXAq XF CGUTM O) TppO) AAFJANTplA TA 
0)AXF NMME* AnF^OOy AF NTA TTOyTF TAMIO 
NTHF MN ffKA^. NTFpFqOyd) AF FqTAMlO MrTTHpq 10 
AqXl NOyKAg FBOA^M TTKAg. AqfrAACCE N 

po)MF Ayd) TTKAg Aqo)0)nF NoycApj MN 

0)AAp FpF gFNMOyT MN gFNNFypON MOyp 
MMOq AyCTOMAXOC AF C^CDTTF N^HTq MN gFNBAA 
MN gFNMOyT MN OyAAC MN OyC^OyOOBF* MN 15 
gFNftx MN gFNOypHTF* Ayd) NKFMFAoC THpOy 1 . 
NAO) NF 0) TfpO) AAFJANTplA A TEl OyCIA 
NOyODT FTF nKAg TTF 0)0)nF gH ^T^XKH NOytDT 
NTF HXOFtC MH OyN(TOM FFIMF XF NTAqTAMl 
FTTpCOMF NAO) NgF. TAl ON TF 0F MN tfOM 20 
FFIMF FTFyNOy FTFpF ITNOyTF NAO)1NE NCA 
npCDMF N^HTC FTpFqBODK O)ApOq. FTBF np(OMF 
PAp NTAynFpO) TnF FBOA. AyO) FTBHHT(] NTA 

npn poyoFiN FpF noo^ AyToyprpi FTBHHTCJ 

NTAynODpcy FBOA MHAHp FpF NFCT01XION A^E- 25 
pATOy gfa NFyAA^lC ETBHHTCj. A gpODl AF Fl- 
0)AXF 0) TppO) AAy^AN&plA ETBHHTq. TppO) AE 
nFXAC MTTTTFTOyAAB PFODpriOC XF 



Meraphitic version, p. 28. 



25 



194 Fragment B. 



^ oya)o) FFIMF XF NTA TTXOFIC FI FBoA- 

gN TTTF NAO) NF. TTFXAq AF NAC N<ft TTTTFTOyAAB 

rFoaprtoc XF FTTFI AH AqNAy XF A TOIKOYMFNH 

THpC XO) gM g^TP^Y 01 ^ NNAA1HONION NAl 
FTFpF NpODMF 0)MO)FNAY S 1 ^ TTTpFyKO) NCOOOy 5 
col. II. HTTNOyTF. HFXF TppO) MnHFTOyAAB XF OyK 
OyN NNOyTF gNAAlMONlON NF* TTFXF TTnFTOy- 
AAB TFOapriOC XF FF. HFXAC NAq XF NTA 
TTFXC ppCDHF NAO) N^F. HFXAq AF NAC N(Tl 

nnFToyAAB rpcopnoc XF CODTH d) rppoa XAF- 10 

N8F NTAynpO^)HTFyF FTBHHTq 
FTOyAAB N6"l NF77pO(|)HTHC. 
MFN Xlt^KAK FBOA FqXO) HMOC XF 
NB. p^pAl FXN NIXAlpOyBIN OycON^K NAN FBOA 

Ayti) ON FqXO) MMOC XF HATOyNFC TFK(fOM 15 
NP Ft FTOyXON. HAAlN ON XF FqNHy FFTFCHT 

N0F Noy^cooy FXN oycopr FTP rnApeFNoc 

MAplA TF. FqXO) AF MMOC gCDCOq N6"l ABBAKOyM 
TTFnpO(])HTHC' XF TTXOFIC AlCCOTM FnFK^pOOy 
Ai'pgOTF. Ai'COyN NFK^BHyF AipO)nHpF. HFXAC 20. 
AF NAq .N(fl TppO) XAy^ANAplA' XF NTA HF- 

col. II. npo(j)HTHC CCOTM Fpoq ^N oy AqpgOTF H NTAq- 
NAy FNFqeBnyF ^N oy Aqpa)nwpF. npxAq AF 
NAC n6i nnFToyAAB rpcaprioc XF CCDTM d) 

TppO) XF MFTF npO(])HTHC O)OBTA ---- FqO^AXF. 25 j 

Aqca)TM rAp XF TTXOFIC Nny Aqp^OTF 1 Aqcoy- 

(DNq AF ON XF C|NAANACTpY<|)H MN NpCOMF 



l ) Memphitic version, p. 29. 



Fragment B. 



195 



!(!. I 



II, 



FF5. 
joL I. 



II 



AqpujrmpE. TTEXAC &E NAq KB NAME TTA- 

XOEIC KAACDC AKO)AXE Ayd) ANOK 0) ^ OyCDU) 

ECCDTM EpoK. o)AnA <fE EXOU'I NTE TEITAANH 
NNFiAcoAoN oyFN cABoA HMOi. nExe nnEToy- 
AAB recDpnoc xp nicTByp enpNTAycTAYpoy s 
HMoq Ayd) NFqMApo)p xouic Fpco AN w^i npeq- 

CCDpM N AA1HONION HBXAC AS NAq XB ^m- 

creyE AAAA fpeoTE gHTq AnEippo NANOMOC 

XE OyAoiHOC FIE NOyAHCAp^' ETBE HAl ApE 

EnnycTHpioN gA ^THK O)AN ^MncyA NTE nEHHA 10 

HTTXOEIC El EgpAl EXCDl AAAA KAAT TAOBC^ 

NoyKoyi. nnEToyAAB ^E rEcopnoc AqKAAc 

MTTEq 0)AXE NHMAC* AqKO)Ax AE NNEqTTAT 

AqcyAwA Eqxo) MMOC XE TTXOEIC ca>TMEnAa)AHA* 

MApE nACOnC e>^ EOyN EpOK. MApE HATAEIO 15 
El EgOyN MnEKMTO EBOA. Ayd) Aq&JD EqMHN 

EBoA Eqc^AwA C^ANTE noyoEiN EI EBOA. 
2.E NTEpEqa)0)nE AqKEAEyE N(Ti nppo 

EBOA Nt|BO)K NHMAq EHEpHE. HEXE FTnETOyAAB 

rEcoprioc Anppo XE pa)AN oyppo Noycar npo- 20 
EA0H a)ApE oyNotf MMHHU) ECODoy^ Epoq noco 

MAAAON NElppCOOy THpOy EyO)ANElEBoA(^AygE 

E^NTBA NTBA Eyccooyg Epo)oy Ayo) Eyoyw^ 

NCCOOy. AAAA NTO)TN gMOOC NHTN gM TTTTAAAA- 
TION ANOK AE HN NOyHHB TNNABCJDK EHEpnE 25 
0)A TTAnoAAcDN NTN TAAE 0yClA NAq 

Ayd) A nppo rpE nnypij (ocy EBoA 

MHOC XE CODOy^ THpTN NTETN El 
XE EIC nCAg NFM MyCTHplON 



196 Fragment B. 

ETTEprrE NEqTAAp eyciX E#pAi MrrAnoAAoDN. 

NTEpECCCDTEM * &E N<fl TECglME NXHpA NTA 
TTECO)HpE NAY B0 ^ ETECMH MnKypl? EqCJDO) 
EBOA. ACEl NTEYNOY ETMMAy EpE TTBO) NTEC- 
AHE BHA EBOA EpE nc^HpE O)HH NTOOTC. AC- 5 
2aO)KAK EBOA ECXO) MMOC. XE OyOl NAl TEODpriOC 
HENTAqTpE NETMOOyT TCOOyN AqTpE N 
NAY B0 ^ AqTpE N(fAAE MOOO)E. 



' NO)HN ETO)0)OY EO^HN NKEC01T. 



M17AHI XINOYNE EBOA. TTENTAqEt E#OYN 10 
EHAHl AqTpE HANOYC XI OyOEIN ppoi A1COYN 
TTNOYTE NTAqTAMlOl. HENTAqMOYS NTATpA- 
TTE^A EBOA#N APA60N NIM. FTENTAq -fa^mE 
col. II. MI72UABOAOC MN NEqAAlMCON XE MNNCA NAl 

NTAKAAY HN Nl(TOM THpOY NTAY<i)U>nE 15 
TOOTH EKNA^ MHEHOYOl t 
NP OYCOO^T NAq NPO)0)nE NNOtfNtf f 
ANOC. frnETOYAAB 2^E PEODpPlOC AqCOOBE 
XE 0) TEC^tME HA TTOO)HpE E^pAl ET^M 
gAMHp NTOC AE ACHAAq E^pAl. AqMOyTE 2 
Epoq N(fl frnETOYAAB PEODpPlOC XE EIXO) MMOC 
***' NAK TTCOHOE O)WM gM TTOAN MHXOEIC 1C HEXC. 

COl. I. v v? xv 9 

EIN ENET ^M TTHATTE 2 TODOYN E^pAl 
NPqO<5" NEHOY EpHTE NPAIAHONINEI 
MTTO)AXE. NTEYNOY ^E ETMMAY A 

qotfq AqX^EpATq. Aqncb AqEi a^A n 

AqOYO>C9T gANEqOYEpHTE. frnETOYAAB &E PEODp- 
PlOC HEXAq NAq XE EIXO) MMOC NAH 



l ) Memphitic version^ p.. 30, 1. 2. 2 ) Memphitic version, p. 30, 1. 8, 



Fragment B. 197 

0)HM BCDK EgOyN ETTEpTTE NNgAAHN NP XOOC 

c< 1. II. MnFToyo)T TTATToAAooN 

HOyTE EpOK* TTtt)HpE &E O^HH AqBODK FOyN 
FTTPpTTF NNgEAAwN TTEXAq HnETOyCOT 1 TTA- 

noAAcoN XE Ftxo> EpoK NTOK TTKO(|)OC NBAAE 5 

ETE MN AIC9ECIC NgMTq' (JEHH AMOy E 
n^CAA H TTNOyTE MOyTE EpOK. 
HHA ETO)AXE gM HEIAODAON XE CO 1C 
Z' 7ApE9. AKCFK OyON NIM^QAOOK' NTAK^E EnFl- 

)1. I. ' v 

Cywpp 0)HM TO)N. AKTOyNOCq EgpAl EXODN AqEl 10 

AE EBoA N^i nAnoAAo)N Eqoywg NCA nc^HpE 

0)HM. NTEpEqEl &E O)A fmETOyAAB TFODpriOC 

AqAgEpATq HrrEqHTO FBoA. nEXAq NAq 

TTAIKAIOC XE N00K HE TTNOyTE NN^^ 

0)O)B N^l nEnFA HnONHpON ETO)AXE M HFl- 15 

ACOAON. HFXAq NAq XE <f(Jl) O) PFCDpriOC 

NAK N0)B NIM. NTOq 2kE TTEXAq XE 

II. nEXAq NAq N(U TFAAIMONION XF CODTM d) TE- 
dapriE. MnEoyoEio) NTA nNoyTE FIO^E NTHE. 

AyO) AqCM?l CENTE HTTKAg- AqTO)6"F NOyHApA- 20 

AlCOC N FAEH KATA HHANO)A HnpH. A TTNOyTF 

TAMIO NOypCOME KATA TTFqFlNE MN TFqeKO)N. 

ANON 2kF NTEpEN pXACl^HT A nNOyTE 

FpON. AqNOXN EBOA^H OFNEOOy 2 . 

EHFCHT EHNOyN. EU^om EifFTENOy NO)ANE(^ 25 

(jM(fOH FOyA NTNO^AA MMOG QANOnq NAN 
col. I. v ^ ^ I T ^ v 1 V 

NoyNOo Ngwy. Aya> ON OJANTOAMAN NTNBCJDK 



4 ) Memphitic version, p. 31. 
2 ) Memphitic version, p. 32. 



198 Fragment B. 

FOyN FTFKkAHClA MTTNOyTF NTN AgFpATN 
TTMA FTMMAy NTN ATTATAN NpOUMF N OyMNTA- 

mcToc' Ngoyb &F Fpu)AN TTOYHHB KA oyAgtBoA 

UJANCTTOy&A^F NTNCOKC) NAN MnpOTpETTFl MMOq 
FNFINF FgOyN FTTFq#HT NNFTFMFO)(^F FTpF- 5 

qAAy. riFXAq AF NAq N^i TTMAprypoc FTOYAAB 

col. II. XF 0) TTTAAAlTTCDpOC FCXF gN TFKnpO^AtpFClC 
MMIN HMOK AKAAK NO)MMO FUFRFOOy A^pOK 
FKOycaO) FXODObpF FBOA NNF\|/XH NNFXplCTl- 
ANOC. HFXAq NAq N^l HPHNA MTTONHpON XF 10 
^ZOMOhorSl NAK XF FNF Oy NTAl FJOyCIA 
HMAy F^OyN FpOK NF! NATAKO TTF NTFKVJ/yXH 
HN nFKCO)MA gl OyCOH HFXF TTMApTypOC NAq 

F oyn oyN TFNoy FKCpoqT Fpoi ZUMUT oy 



Co1 * " HONON qi FpOK NFKNAy FTFKAyMOplA* NTFKNOy 15 



AF AqAAKTl^F HlTKAg AqOyCDN NpO)q. 

frHApTypoc MnAnoAAoDN XF AHoy ....... K 

NAK F17FCHT FHNOyN O^A HF^OOy MTTNO^NgAn 
HHF' HAl FTFKNA^ AOPOC NgHTtj A NF\|/y- 
XOOyF NTAKCOpHOy. NTOq AF TTHApTypOC 20 

col. II. FTOYAAB. AqBcoA FBoA HnFqMoyc* Aqnoar 

FOyN FRFpHF AqMOpq Fn^HT TTMgHpAKAHC 

Aqconq FUFCHT Aqoyb(Jnq AqxpFqcyconF NGF 

NMFITN. nFXAq AF F^OyN gM frKFO)OXn NNFl- 
AO)AON XF nODT NHTN FBoA^H [n]FMA NNOyTF 1 25 
KF AlFl FTAKFTHyTN. NOyHHB AF 
FHTAKO NNFyNOyTF AyAHA^TF 

nnFToyAAB rFcopnoc AycoN^q ein Aeoy nnoq 



') Memphitic version, p. 33. 



Fragment B. 199 



, 

|\ AyFNTq FpArq NNFppo)oy Ayxo) Fpooy NNFN- 

ol. I. ^yu^nF THf)Oy NNFyNOyTF N0y6 &F NFN- 

TAyu)o>nF MTTATToAAcoN. nexe nppo ^AMANOC 
NAq XF d) rpooprioc TTFKMnojA Mn[n]oy. 

MH MHEKCMN TCN Ol FTAAF 0yClA 

NNNoyTF* NrBFoy FnHANpoya)0)T NAY N 
eyciA NAy FepAi* AK AMA AKFipF . . . 

^BViyF NTMFNF' NPCOOyN AN XF 

II. NNAtfix. npxAq AF NAq Ndi rFooprioc XF ANOK 

TAp NNOyTFN TA'i gF F^OOy AiOya)O)T NAy. 10 
FO)XF NP TTlOTFy FNAl AN CO TlppO ' FIFBCDK 
ANINF NA'i FnFI MA MnAHoAAcON TAT[AAp] 

[0y]ciA NAq FgpAi FnFKHTO FBoA; nFXF nppo 

XF Ai'oyd) FFIHF FBOA^ 1 TOOTOy NNOyHHB' XF 
AKTpFqBODK FHFCHT FUNOyN FlFFKOyODO) FXOOy 

T^HCDT Fin . . prn MMAY NCDN^ npxAq NAq 



TRANSLATION. 



26 



IN THE NAME OF GOD. 



Martyrdom of Saint George^, the valiant martyr of our\\\ 
/ord Jesus Christ, who completed his strife on the 23rd of 
the month Pharmuthi 2 , in the peace of God, Amen. 

Now in times of old there arose a severe and terrible storm, 
and a great and mighty storm and persecution came upon the 
Church. In all places the governors had gone astray, and they 
dragged the preachers of the, truth to the altars of the idols, 
and compelled them all to offer sacrifices to devilish idols. Thus 
also did the governor Dadianus 3 , who had acquired dominion 
and had obtained the rule over the four quarters of the earth. 
When Dadianus had become chief, he s'at upon the tribune, and 
wrote edicts to be proclaimed throughout the whole world; and 
these are the things that were written in them. "Inasmuch 



1 See Acta Sanctorum, April 23; Butler, Lives of the Saints, April 23, 
(Dublin edit. 1833, vol. i, p. 508) ; Smith, Diet. Christ. Biog., ed. Wace, voL ii, 
p. 645, and Baring Gould, Curious Myths of the Middle Ages, p. 266. 

2 I. e. ,April 18. For the proofs that all the churches accept April 23 as the 
lay on which Saint George consummated his martyrdom, see Assemani in KaL, 
Eccles. Univ., t. vi, p. 284 ; and Malan, The Calendar of the Coptic Church, p. 28. 

3 Arab.^bob, Syr. rdli.l.i, Ethiop. 



The Greek version 

of Metaphrastes , the encomium of Andrew of Crete on S. George, and the 
discourse of Gregory of Cyprus, state that George was tortured and martyred 
by Diocletian. Peter Heylin makes Dadianus, or Dacianus, to be Galerius 
Maximinianus, or Galerius Caesar, who was by birth a Dacian, and who suc- 
ceeded Diocletian in "all those parts that he commanded". See The Historic of 
St. George of Cappadocia, p. 173. Whoever Dadianus may have been, he, according 
to the Coptic text, was not Diocletian, for this emperor commanded py^lOC 
to go to Palestine and destroy the shrine of Saint George "whose head Dadianus 
the Persian cut off several years ago". See p. 81. There was no king of 
Persia at this time called Dadianus. 



204 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEOKGF. 

as a rumour has come to my ears that He to whom Mary gave 
birth is the God who is alone to be worshipped, and that Apollo 
and Poseidon and Hermes and Astarte and Zeus and Ezabel l (sic) 
and Uranus and Scamandros and the other gods are not to be 
[2] worshipped at all, || but that Jesus Christ whom the Jews slew is 
to be worshipped, I, therefore, write to every place, and to the 
governors of every land, and to all rulers under the authority 
of my government to come to me speedily that they may know 
the decision of my power." 2 Then seventy 3 governors from all 
parts of the world were gathered together there with so great 
and mighty a multitude, that the land could not contain them for 
their number. 4 . And Dadianus the governor sat upon the tribune 
and made them bring forth all the instruments of the torture 
chamber and lay them before him; and these were they. The 
brazen bed, the bone smashing choppers, the iron rods (?), the 
wheels with knives fixed to them, the wooden horses, the wooden 



1 The Greek, Latin, Syriac and Arabic texts do not help us in trans- 
lating the name of this god, and it is not to be found among the seventy 
gods and goddesses of Diocletian enumerated by Giorgi, De Miraculis Sancti 
Coluthi, p. cc. 

2 The Arabic version of this edict in the Oxford MS. is as follows: 




The inventor of the story of St. George was probably thinking of the first 
edict of Diocletian against the Christians published Feb. 24th A. D. 303. The 
idea that George was the nameless young man who tore down the edict, and 
who suffered martyrdom on the 23rd of April following is not supported by 
the Coptic or Syriac texts. For the arguments on this point see Acta Sancto- 
rum, April 23, p. 108. 

3 The number of the governors is variously given as three, four, seven, 
seventy and seventy-two. 

4 In the martyrdom of Saints Piroon and Athom we are told that 
Diocletian ordered the eparchs, dukes, counts and governors of every town to 
assemble at Antioch. See Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de V&gypte, p. 149- 






I 

THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 205 



g.oves, the iron gloves, the tongue slitting knives, the tools for 
drawing out the teeth, the iron bone borers, the sharp saws and 
other implements of cruel torture. 1 And Dadianus swore an oath, 
saying, "If I find any people of doubtful mind and refusing to 
vorship the gods, I will reverse t the commands of my fathers 
find will torture them with bitter sufferings, I will break in the 
lowers of their hearts, I will smash their heads, I will cut out 
Iheir brains with sharp knives, I will saw off their shin bones, 
I will tear open their bodies, and I will cut off their limbs from 
their bodies." When the multitude heard these things they feared 
the tortures greatly, and those who wished to become martyrs 
[refrained] when they considered the numbers || of tortures which 
they ran the risk of suffering; and three whole years went by 
without any one daring to say, "I am a Christian". 

Now there was a young man whose name was George, the 
sun of truth and the glorious star betwixt heaven and earth 2 ; 
he was a tribune in the imperial army 3 , and came from Cappa- 
docia. And when he had served his time as tribune and acquired 
much wealth, he came to the governor Dadianus and wished to 
be made a count by him. When Saint George had come to the 
city and saw the frenzied idolatry of the governors and that they 
had forsaken God, he straightway decided to give up his rank 
of tribune, saying. "I will become a soldier of my Lord Jesus 
Christ the King of heaven." And when he had distributed all his 
wealth and given what he had to the poor, he rushed into the 
presence of the governors and cried out, saying, "Cease your 
frenzy, governors, and proclaim not to be gods the things 
which are not gods; let the gods who have not made heaven 
and earth perish! As for me, I will worship one God, the 




^fcolX/oa ^Iha.M 

2 Bead NT(|)E MUM TTKAl. 



3 Arab. <xXWU yU* <3 






206 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORG . 

Father of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit." The 
dragon l looked at him, and said, "Every person who has gone forth 
from the benevolent guidance of the gods perishes, and as for us, we 
worship things which are beneath [the heavens], for the gods Fire and 
Sun appear to us as mighty beings; 2 know now that thou hast not 
only despised us, 3 but thou hast also despised the righteous gods. 

O] Offer sacrifice then to the || gods and to Apollo 4 who is the saviour 
of the whole world, and be convinced that the gods whom thou hum- 
blest know those who honour and obey them, and know how to punish 
those who disobey them. And now, tell me from whence thou 
comest ? what is thy name ? and for what purpose hast thou come 
hither?" Saint George answered, and said, "The chief name 
which I bear is 'Christian', I am by birth a Cappadocian, I was a 
soldier in a famous company, and I performed my duties of tribune 
satisfactorily in Palestine where it served. Who are the gods 
whom thou wouldst force me to worship, king?" The governor 
said to him, "I desire thee to worship Apollo who hung out the 
heavens, and Poseidon 5 who made fast the earth." Saint George 
answered and said, "Neither for thy sake, evil dragon, nor for 
that of the governors thy companions will I speak about the 
righteous ones and thy dead god, but for the sake of these 
multitudes here present. Whom wouldst thou compel me to 
worship, king? Peter the chosen one ofthe Apostles, or Apollo 
who corrupts the whole world? To which of these wouldst thou 
have me offer sacrifice? to Elijah the Tishbite who was an angel 

[5] upon earth and who walked upon earth and was taken |j up to 
the gates of heaven, or to Scamandros the sorcerer who worked 
enchantments by fire and who led many people astray, who com- 




1 Arab. 

2 Arab, 

.p^yXjafr <3 AJ^W jl^ Cr^y? ? CX"-*- O*.? O 1 -^-*-^! 

According to the Arabic some word meaning 'to destroy' has dropped out of 
the Coptic text after NTF NlNOyj". The Coptic text of this passage is 
probably corrupt. 3 R ca d AKO)00)TeN AN ? 

* Arab. iA. 5 Arab, 



THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GKEOEGE. 207 

mitted adultery with Timetia (Demeter?), who begat Saar and 
Ssrphat the ophani of the warrior of the city of Pontus, whose 
deeds were evil and who were cast into the abyss of the sea? 1 
Toll me, king, to which of these wouldst thou give judgment? 
to Samuel who prayed to God, or to Poseidon the destroyer 
ol the ships of the sea? to Antaeus and Herakles 2 , or to those 
oi the Martyrs and Prophets who wear crowns ? Tell me, king, 
to which of these wouldst thou give judgment? to Jezebel the 
slayer of the prophets or to Mary the Virgin the mother of my 
Lord Jesus Christ? Be ashamed, king, for the things which 
thou worshippest are not gods ? but deaf idols." 

When Saint George had said these things, the governor was 
greatly enraged and commanded them to hang him upon the 
wooden horse 3 , and to torture him until his bowels flowed out 
upon the ground. After these things four quaternions of soldiers 



1 I have not been able to trace what the myth is which is referred to 
here. In the encomium by Theodotus of Ancyra CAp A(j)lN takes the place 
of CAAp and CApd)AT and the 0(j)ANl are not mentioned. Perhaps 
CApA(])lN is a corruption of Serapis. The Syriac has w*^.^o o^-sj? ^jo 



i " |3? j.\n,. 'And know that Apollo measured the heavens, that 
Herakles established the foundations of the earth, and that Serapis and Po- 
seidon bridled the sea that it might not pass over its boundary.' The Arabic 
version in A paraphases this obscure passage and does not help us. It reads 
>K,3 JJ\ 



2 Arab. V _ <X *J^\^ ^^^ . Antaeus ('Avraiog) , the son of Poseidon and 

was invincible as long as he touched the earth. Herakles discovered the 

of his strength and lifted him up from the earth and crushed him in 



a Arab. zyojiUl. Syr. wJ5?aflJo {ja^oa JJZAJ? "That he should be 
upon the cross and scraped". In the pictures of this method of torturing 
George depicted in Brit. Mus. MS. Or. 713. fol. '23a, two Y shaped pieces 
are sunk into the ground and across these is laid a stout pole. Ropes 

tied round the neck and under the arms of the saint, and he is suspended 
the cross pole, and men are shown standing in front of him and scraping 

with iron scrapers. 



208 THE MAETYBDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

laid him out and beat him with leather whips until the flesh of 
his body was torn in shreds; and they sprinkled salt upon him. And 
they brought hair sacks with which to excoriate his body until 
his blood ran like water ; but he was patient under these sufferings. 
And again Dadianus commanded, and they brought for him 

[6] iron boots with holes bored || in them, and they drove nails into 
the soles of his feet through the boots, and his blood flowed out 
like water; but he endured patiently as if they were not torturing 
him at all. After these things Dadianus made them build a 
high platform J , and bring sixty very sharp stakes and lacerate the 
flesh of the righteous man with them. Then he commanded and 
they brought him down from the platform, and cast him into a 
cauldron of water and boiled him. And the soldiers beat his 
head with iron nails until they broke in the skull, and his brains 
poured out through his mouth white as milk; and his whole body 
was congealed with blood like lead. Then Dadianus commanded 
and they brought part of a pillar, and eight men rolled it along 
and laid it upon his belly, and he made them tie it to the saint 
and leave him until he decided what to do to him. 

And it came to pass that during that night the Lord ap- 
peared to Saint George, and said to him, "Be strong and of 
good cheer, beloved George, for I will strengthen thee to bear 
all these sufferings which they have brought upon thee. And 
I swear by Myself, and by the holy angels, that among those 
born of women nQ one has arisen greater than John tfre Baptist, j 
and that after thee there shall arise none like unto thee; for I 
behold, I have made thee lord over these seventy governors, and | 
whatsoever thou sayest shall happen unto them. Thou shalt die 
three times 2 , and I will raise thee up again, but after the fourth i 

[7] time, I Myself will come upon a cloud, and will take thee away to 1 1 



* Arab. 

2 The account of Saint Macarius of Antioch bears a strong resembls 
to that of Saint George. He endured many of the tortures which Ge 
endured, he was confronted by a magician called Alexander, whom he 
came, and he died three times. See Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs 
Vfigypte, pp. 41 and 59. 



THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 209 

', place of safe keeping which I have prepared for thee for thy 
ly dwelling; be strong and fear not, for I am with thee." And 
.en He had embraced him He went up to heaven with His 
ly angels in great glory. 

When it was morning the governor commanded, and they 
yught him before the tribune. Now Saint George was singing 
Psalm, saying, "0 God, hasten thou to my help, hasten thou 
my defence. 1 " When he had come to the tribune 2 , he cried 
01 1, saying, "0 tribune, I and my Lord Jesus Christ have come 
to thee and thy stone Apollo." And they laid hold of him and 
ti' i d him with four leather straps, and beat him with leather 
yuips upon his back and belly; and they cast him back again 
into prison. And Dadianus the governor wrote a letter in 
wliich he thus said, "I write to the whole world, greeting. Let 
any enchanter or magician who can put an end to the magic of 
tl is Christian come hither to me, and I will give him much 
wealth and any territory that he shall ask for, and he shall be 
second in the kingdom." When this letter had been sent 
throughout the whole world, behold a man appeared whose 
name was Athanasius, and he came to the governor and said, 
"0 king, live for ever! There is nothing which I am not able 
to perform in thy presence." The governor rejoiced, and said, 
"What sign wilt thou work before me that I may know that 
thou art able to put an end to the magic of the Christians?" Atha- 
nasius answered and said, "Let them bring me an ox." And 
when they had brought him he spake some words in his ears, [8] 
i.nd he was rent in twain. Athanasius said to Dadianus, "Let 
them bring me a pair of scales," and they brought them to him; 
and he threw the one half of the ox into one pan of the scales 
;md the other half into the other, and they were exactly equal, 
ind there was not the least difference between the weight of the 
iwo halves. And the governor commanded and they brought 
Saint George to the tribune, and he said to him, "0 George, it 
is for thy sake that I have summoned this man into my domi- 



Psalm xxii. 19. 2 Arab. 

27 



210 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 

nions; thou must vanquish his magic or he will vanquish thine, 
thou must slay him or he will slay thee." Saint George looked 
at the magician and said, "Hasten, my brother, and do unto me 
speedily whatsoever thou wishest to do, for I see grace drawing 
nigh unto thee." And straightway Athanasius 1 took a cup, 2 and 
washed his face in it, 3 and invoked the names of demons over 
the cup, and gave it to him to drink; and when he had drunk no 
evil happened to him at all. Athanasius answered and said to 
George, 4 "My lord, let me only give thee one other sign, and if 
no evil befall thee then I will believe upon Him Whom they 
crucified." Then he took another cup, and washed his face in 
it, 5 and invoked the names of demons more evil 6 than the first 
over it, and he gave him the cup to drink; 7 and when the saint 
had drunk no evil happened to him. 8 When Athanasius saw 
that no evil had happened to him, he said to him, "0 Saint 
George, thou hast the cross of Jesus Christ the Son of God, 
who came into the world to save sinners; have mercy upon my 
[9] soul, and give me the seal of Christ." 9 When Dadianus saw 
what had happened he was greatly enraged, and commanded 
them to take the magician outside the city and to slay him with 
the sword ; so he consummated his martyrdom, and was esteemed 
worthy of everlasting life. 10 And the governor commanded them ; 
to throw Saint George into prison until he had decided what 
he should do with him. 



1 Athanasius intended to poison George by his mixtures, and we may 
see by the martyrdom of Saint Macarius of Antioch what such philtres were I 
made of. See Hyvernat. Les Actes des Martyrs de rEgypte, p. 59. 

2 D adds 'of cold water'. 3 Arab. *~^ < M 3 ^ J-***^. 

4 D makes Athanasius address Dadianus. 

5 D 'and he mixed poisons in it'. 

6 D 'mightier names of devils.' 7 D, 'And he made the sign of the J 
cross over it three times in the name of the Father and the Son[ and the! 
Holy Spirit, and straightway drank it before the governor and the sorcerer.' | 

s Fragment A of the Sahidic version (D) of the martyrdom begins here, i 
9 D adds that when George saw the faith of Athanasius he smote theH 
earth, and water came forth, and he baptised him in the name of the Father 
and the Son and the Holy Spirit. After that the water returned to its place. 
*o According to D he was martyred on the seventh day of Tobe. 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 



211 



When it was morning the governor commanded a huge wheel 
ftc be made with sharp nails and stakes fastened in it; and the 
wheel was made after the manner in which he commanded it to 
b 3 made : the upper part of it was like the edge of a knife, and 
the lower part like a sharp two-edged sword. And the governor 
ommanded them to bring Saint George out of prison and to 
t irow him upon the instrument of torture. When Saint George 
timed and saw the shape of the cutting part of the machine, 
that the upper part of it was like the edge of a knife and the 
lower part a two-edged sword, 1 , he said within himself, 
!'" Verily, I shall never come forth alive from this instrument." 
But again, afterwards, he said within himself, "Woe to thee, 
George, why hast thou allowed this thought to enter thy 
heart? Consider the lot which has come to thee, 2 and remember 
that the Jews crucified thy Lord Himself." And after this he 
lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "0 Lord, the unchangeable 
God, the Ruler of eternity, to Whom belongeth victory, Thou 
Who givest grace to the martyrs, Whose glory and crown Thou [10] 
art; Thou Who, before Thou hadst created anything, yea, before 
Thou hadst created the heavens and the earth, didst rest upon 
the waters, and now Thou restest upon the whole race of man, 
and knowest Thy place of rest; Who hast spread out the heavens 
like a chamber, and at Whose command the clouds pour out 
-rain in their season; Who rainest upon the just and the unjust; 
Who hast weighed the mountains in a balance and the hills in 
a pair of scales ; Who bringest the winds out of Thy store houses ; 
Who hast cast the rebellious angels into the abyss of hell, where 
they are punished by evil dragons, and fettered and chained with 
indissoluble bonds; Thou the least of Whose commands it is 
Impossible to alter; Lord God Who, in the last days, didst 



1 The Arabic of this passage runs: 



2 Arab. Jo\J^J\ 



JA. U 



But read KAnpOC instead of 



212 THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 

send into the world Thy only begotten Son, Who took upon 
Himself flesh by the Virgin Mary, and became man, without any 
one being able to understand how to find out the manhood of 
Him, the Lord Jesus Christ, begotten of Thee in very truth; 
Who did walk upon the face of the sea as upon dry land; 
Who did feed five thousand men with five loaves of bread, and 
they were satisfied; Who did rebuke the waves of the sea and 
their crests were bowed down; come now, O my Lord, come 
Jesus, and help my infirmity, for I am a sinner; let these suf- 
ferings be light upon me, for Thine is the glory, and Thy name - 
is full of glory for ever, Amen." 

[11] When he had finished [his prayer and had said] 'Amen', 
they threw him on the wheel, and set it to work; and im- 
mediately his body was broken into ten pieces. Then straight- 
way Dadianus lifted up his voice, saying, "Be strong and know, 
ye governors, that there is no god save Apollo and Hermes 
and Zeus and Athene and Scamandros and Hephaistos and 
Herakles and Poseidon, who work good on the three parts of 
the sea, and from whose hands kings receive power. Where is 
now the God of Saint George Whom they call 'Jesus', 
Whom the Jews crucified and slew? why has He not come and 
delivered him out of my hands?" And the dragon 1 of the abyss 
commanded them to throw his bones outside the city into a 
dry pit, saying within himself, "Lest the Christians find a bone 
of his, and build a inartyrium over it, and bring up his blood 
against us". 

Now it was the hgur for eating, and the governor, together 
with the sixty-nine governors who were with him, went to eat. 
And while they were eating there came a great earthquake, 
and suddenly the sky became overcast with clouds, and there 
was so great a trembling that mountains split asunder suddenly, 
the earth shook, and the sea was lashed into billows, and the 



1 Small bone plaques with a figure in relief of St. George slaying- the 
dragon were worn as pendants by Coptic Christians. Two of these are to be 
seen in the British Museum, (Second Egyptian Room, No. 17639). 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 213 

v aves thereof rose to the height of fifteen cubits. And Michael * 
1 lew with his trumpet, and behold the Lord Jesus came upon 
His chariot of the Cherubim/ and stood on the edge of the pit. 
/aid He said to the archangel Michael, "Go down into the pit, 
jind gather together the bones of my son George, for this valiant [12] 
(reorge thought in his heart, 'I shall not escape from this in- 
strument (into which I had allowed him to fall) this time'; that 
1 e may believe with all his heart, and know that I alone am 
able to deliver him. And Michael went down into the pit, and 
put together the holy body of Saint George: and the Lord took 
hold of his hand, saying, "0 George my beloved, behold, the 
land which formed Adam the first man is now about to create 
,iiee anew;" and the Lord breathed upon his face and filled him 
igain with life, and He embraced him, and went up to heaven 
with His holy angels. 

And Saint George arose in haste from the dead, and went 
,'hrough the squares of the city looking for the governors, and he 
bund them afterwards sitting in judgment. Then he ran into 
ineir presence, and said to them, "Do ye not know who I am?" 
")adianus the governor lifted his eyes guiltily, and said to the 
Saint, "Who art thou then?" The martyr of Christ replied, "I am 
rfeorge whom ye slew yesterday, because ye despised my God 
who could destroy you in a moment." Dadianus continued 
ooking into the face of the saint, and said to him, "Thou art 
not he, but his shade," and one said to him, "Perhaps it is some 
me like him." And Anatolius the general knew him, and said, [13] 
'Of a truth this is George who has risen from the dead;" and 
.e believed with all his company. Now the number of those 
of the army] who believed upon Christ was three thousand and 
ine and one woman 2 from the multitude. And Dadianus the 
;overnor commanded them all to be cast forth outside the city 
a a desert place, and to be divided into four 3 divisions and to 
slain. Thus they consummated their martyrdom at the ninth 

1 According to Coptic tradition Michael stands at the right hand of God, 
Gabriel at the left. See Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de VEgypie, 
), 144, 169. 2 D 3999. 3 D 'ten'. 



214 THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

hour of the Sabbath day on the fifteenth day of Phamenoth, 1 j 
and went to Paradise in glory, and received pardon for their sins. 
Then the governor commanded them to bring Saint 2 George 
to the tribune; and he commanded them to bring an iron bed j 
to which they might bind the righteous man. Then he made 
them melt lead until it was liquid, and bring a vessel in the 
shape of an iron ladle and thrust it 3 [full of lead] into his mouth. 
Then they drove sixty nails through his head into the bed. And 
Dadianus made them bring a great stone chiselled 4 out to fit 
his head, and they thrust his head in it, and made it fast with 
lead, 5 and they rolled him down with the stone [from a high 
place] and severed his bones one from another; but he bore 
these tortures with fortitude. Then Dadianus commanded them 
to remove the stone from him, and to hang him up head down- 
wards, and to tie a large stone to him, and to light a huge fire 
under him. 

After these things 7 the governor commanded to throw him . 
[u] into a bronze 'bull' 8 and to drive 9 sharp nails into it: then lie 
commanded them to bring a machine to revolve inside the 'bull', 10 1 
that the body of the saint might be broken to pieces 11 by thej 
nails and his limbs become like the particles of dry summer! 
dust; and Saint George bore all these things with fortitude. Then] 
Dadianus commanded them to cast him into prison and to fasten; 
him to the woodwork until he had decided what to do 12 with 
him or how he should destroy 13 him; now he was very handsome 14 



1 I.e., March 11. D Mechir. 

2 B begins with the letters PIOC of MTTlXriOC. 3 B NCFlTC.j 
4 B Fy<|)ONK KATA TEqA<J)F F^pHl FpOq (sic). 

& B rightly NTAT. 6 B TA1BACANOC. < B NAl AF ON. 

8 Saint Apater was boiled in a 'bull' of brass, NOyCODAlON NOMT, 
and the water from it falling upon the people round about they at onco be- 
came leprous. See Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de Vfigypte, p. 104. 

9 B FTODC. 10 Arab. <^Xft ^jo ^ J^^-U *^p*. 
u B NTOyfc>oAbFA. 12 B AqNAFpOy. 

is B AqNATAKOq. " B OyCAlF PAp and omits TTF. 



THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 



215 



in appearance. 1 And in that night the Lord appeared to him, 
s; yiug, 2 "Be patient, 3 George My chosen one, he of good cheer 
a^id be not dismayed, for I am with thee, and there shall be great 
jcy in heaven 1 for thy sake and for the sake of thy contest. 
I ehold, thou hast died once and I raised thee up ; thou shalt yet 
die 5 twice and I will raise thee up again. But the fourth time 
I Myself will come in the clouds, and I will bring thee to the 
place of safety which I have prepared for thy body. H It is I 
who give strength to thy holy body, and I will make thee to lie 
down with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob; be not sad of heart 
for I 7 am with thee. Thy martyrdom 8 shall be consummated be- 
fore these seventy governors, and thou shalt testify of Me before 9 
t'aeiu. And they will torture thee for seven years for My name's 
sake, but be not sad of heart, but of good cheer." And the 
Lord saluted him, and went up to heaven with His holy angels, 
and the valiant martyr of Christ looked after Him, 10 and continued 
looking until the day rose; J1 and he rejoiced in the encourage- 
ment which the Lord had given him. 

When it was morning, the governor commanded them to 
bring Saint George to the tribune. When they had brought 
him, one of the seventy governors, whose name was Magnentius, 
said to him, "O George, I seek a sign at thy hands, and if thou 
do it before me, by our lord 12 the Sun, and by the seventy 
gods, 13 and by Artemis the saviour 14 of the whole world, I will 
believe on thy God, and will worship Him 15 nobly." Saint 



1 B TTEqXINNAY- 2 B EqXO) HMOC NAq. 

3 B AHONl. I shall not notice such variants as this in future. 

4 B U)0n NAK Ngpm bpN Nl(|)HOYl. 5 B ETFKNAMOy. 

6 Arab. Ifci^sLl i^O^to*. <J, L^Xft^l ^_y^\ ^st^>^\^. 
i B XP ANOK. s B TPKMApTyplA. 

9 B MTTOyMGO PBOA. 10 B COMC NCO)q NOOq. 

11 B omits 0)Al. 12 B HANHB. 

13 See Giorgi, De Miraculis Sancti Coluthi, p. CC; Hyvernat, Les Actes 
Martyrs de VEgypte, pp. 78, 102. ^ B EGNANOgHM. 

15 B rightly MMOq. 



216 THE MABTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 

George said to him, "Say what thou wilt ask of me." Magnen- 
tius 1 the governor said to him, "Behold there are seventy 
thrones here, a throne for each of us, and the legs 2 of them 
are made of various kinds of wood, some fruit-bearing and some 
not. Now, if thou wilt make manifest that each wooden leg takes 
root and blossoms through 3 thy prayer; and that each one made 
of the wood of a fruit-bearing tree 4 gives fruit; and that each 
one made of the wood of a tree which does not bear fruit puts 
forth leaves 5 [only]; by this will I believe 6 on thy God." Then 
Saint George threw himself upon his face and prayed to God a 
long time, 7 and sighed. And it came to pass that when he had 
finished his prayer and said 'Amen', and was rising up, there 
was a great 8 trembling and shaking, 9 for the Spirit of God came 
upon the thrones, and they budded and the legs put forth roots 
and blossomed: those that were of fruit-bearing tr^es put forth 
fruit, and those that were not put forth leaves 10 only. Then 
Magnentius the governor said to him, "A great god is Herakles 
who thus manifests 11 his power in dry wood." Saint George 
[16] answered and said, "Wilt thou compare 12 this blind and dumb 
idol Herakles with the God who made the heavens and the 
earth, who made to exist that which did not exist and who 
can destroy thee with him speedily?" Dadianus the governor 
answered and said to Saint George, "0 excellent Galilean, I 
know how I will destroy thee." 13 Then he commanded them to 
bring a huge saw, and they sawed him in two, 14 and so he yielded 
up his spirit. And he commanded a large cauldron to be brought 



i B MAPMFNTIOC. 2 B AN(j)ATCl (sic). 

3 B <|)lpl R OA Mfc>HTOy ITFN. 

4 B NpFq-foyrAg NoyoyTA Fq<])opi FBoA. 

5 B Eq(j)0pl. 6 B TFNNANAg'f. ? B MMAy, 

s B NXF Gymo/h 9 B oycyeopTFp. 10 B xcooyt 

n B AyOyO)N. 12 B AKGFNeCDNq. 

13 B 'txoDoyNoy AN XE FiMATAuoq 

" B 



THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GKOEGE. 



21 



ai d to throw the two parts of the body of the holy man into it, 
together with lead, and pitch, and animal fat, 1 and bitumen; 2 
and they heated them together until they melted, and the flames 
want up to a great height, and that which was melted flowed 
h ther and thither by reason of the intensity of the flames which 
r< >se to a height of fifteen cubits. And they brought pieces from 
the cauldron to the king, saying, "This (wretched man) 3 has 
ome to an end and is burnt up." And Dadianus commanded 
them to bury the cauldron and the pieces of the saint which 
were in it 4 in the earth, lest the Christians should find his 
remains and build a martyrium over them. When the attendants 
had finished burying the righteous man and were going away, 
there was a great trembling in the air and the earth shook to 
its foundations: and behold the Lord Jesus Christ came down 
from heaven with His holy angels, and stood over the place 
wherein the cauldron was buried. And He said to Zalathiel 5 [1?] 
the angel, "Bring up hither the cauldron", and when he had 
brought it up he laid it down upon the ground. And the Lord, 
in Whom is might, answered [and said], "0 George, my chosen 
one, arise! 6 For I am He that raised up Lazarus from the 
dead, and I now command 7 thee to arise and come forth from 
the cauldron and stand upon thy feet; I am the Lord thy God." 
And straightway the nobly valiant man rose up in great power 
as one who had suffered no pain 8 at all; and every one who 
saw him marvelled. The Lord said to him, "Be strong and of 
good cheer, George, my beloved, for there shall be great joy to 
thee in heaven and upon earth, and before My Good Father, 
and before My angels on account of thy contest; be strong, for 
I am with thee." And He went up to heaven with His holy 
angels. 



i B omits NEM OyCOT. 

3 B NTE mBEpO)0. Arab. 

4 Leaf no. 39 is wanting in B. 

e B fol. 41 a, begins with TODNK. 
7 B ANOK TIE ETOyAgCAgNl. 



5 I. e> , 



B NEMKAg. 

28 



218 THE MAETYEDOM OP SAINT GEOEGE. 

And Saint George arose and walked, and sent to the gover- 
nor, saying, "Behold, I am going about the city, teaching." 
And the governor straightway commanded them to seize him I 
and to bring him to him 1 to the tribune; and as he was coming 
he cried out, saying, "0 tribune, O tribune, I and my Lord 
Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God come to thee 2 and thy 
Apollo." 

And behold, a woman whose name was Schollastike 3 cried 
out to 4 Saint George the martyr of Christ, saying, "0 my lord 
George, my son was yoking his ox in the field, and the ox fell 
[is] down and died. my lord, help my poverty, for I know that 
my lord is able to do so through God." The saint said to her, 
"Take this staff from my hands, and go to the field and lay it 
upon the dead ox, and say, 'Thus saith Saint George in the name 
of Jesus Christ, Arise and stand up';" and the woman did as 
he had told her, and the ox arose straightway. And the woman 
glorified God, saying, "Blessed is the hour in which thou didst 
come into 5 this city, verily thou art a prophet and God hath 
visited His people." 

And again Dadianus sent after the martyr. When he had 
come, Trakiali 6 the governor spake to him, saying, "Concerning 
the dry wood which budded, we know not of a certainty whe- 
ther it was thy God who made it bud, or our god. Now behold 
we have here 7 a sepulchre cut in the rock on the road to the 
cemetery, and no man knoweth where it is, nor where the 
opening 8 of it is: but if through thy prayers the bones of those 



1 The fragment of the martyrdom given by D ends here. The other 
parts of the text are fragments of the miracles of Saint George. 

2 B AU ApOK ON. 

3 B CXOAAACTIKH. Arabic fcUX^JS. The Greek has <?v ol? mi 
TI<; dvrip, FXuKepios ToOvojua. Acta Sanctorum, Appendix to April 23. p. xi. 

4 B oyse mArioc MMAprypoc NTB nxc FCXOD MMOC. 

5 B uboyN FT A i. 

e The form given by Theodotus is pAKAlAoC. Arabic <J, Us U\, 
Syr. Jju^-DrJ. ? B t>ATOTEN O)C Ft>ON. B 



I I IE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 219 

wuo are buried therein arise, I swear by my lord the Sun, and 
b f the Moon and by Artemis the mother of the gods, that I will 
-tnlieve 1 upon thy God and become a Christian." The blessed 

eorge answered and said. "There come to me the words which 

1 have heard in the Gospel, saying, If ye 2 have faith like a grain 
f mustard seed ye shall say to this mountain, Depart hence, 

[;ind it shall depart], and there shall be nothing impossible 3 to 
you. 4 But now arise, thou and Dadianus and the governors"' of [u>] 
Egypt, and open the door of the tomb and bring 6 hither to me 
the rotten bones of those who are dead, together with their dust." 
Then the three governors went straightway to the place of the 
sepulchre and opened the door, but they found no bones at all 
of the dead; and they took up the bone dust which they found, 
and brought it to Saint George: and Saint George threw him- 
self down upon his knees, and prayed for the space of an hour. 7 
When he had finished his prayer and said 'Amen', there was a 
"mighty 8 trembling, and flashes of lightning shone upon 
those bones. And there came forth immediately from them five 
men and nine women and three 9 little children; and when the 
governors saw what had taken place, they marvelled. Then the 
governors cried out to one of those who had risen from the dead, 
and said to him, "What is thy name?" And he that had risen 
from the dead answered and said, "My name is Boes." l Dadia- 
nus said to him, "How many years is it since thou didst die?" 
and he replied, "More than two hundred years." 11 Dadianus said 
to him "Had Christ come into the world at that time, or not?" 12 
and he that had risen from the dead said, "I do not know, nor 



i B HITNA2T. ' B PU)^ 11 Y R 3 B NPpATXOM. 

* S. Matt. xvii. 20. 5 B NlKSOypODOyi. c B Aqi. 

7 B O)A (JjOyCDO). 3 Read OyMU)'!". B T 'ten'. 

10 Arab. ^^?^, Syr. jlrsa^, B BlOyBHN. Theodotus gives the name 

Bovic. 11 B HexAq MAq xe ic goyo ? Nponni. 

12 Pisentios asked this same question of a mummy who complained to 
i of the tortures he suffered. See Amelineau , Etude sur la Christianisme 
?, p. 147. 



220 THE MAETTKDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 

did I ever hear that He had come." Dadianus said to him, 
"On what god dost thou believe?" 1 and he that had risen from 

[20] the dead said to him, "Do not force me, 2 governor, for I am 
ashamed to say what god I helieved on. I helieved on a god 
whom they called Apollo, a stupid, dumb, deaf 3 and blind [idol]. 
When I left the evil living 4 of this life, I went to live in a place 
in the river of fire, until I should go where the worm dieth not. 5 
Hast thou never heard of the Scriptures of the Christians which 
say, 'Remember me in the day of terror in the place where 
there is no help, 6 but disquiet and fear.' There is no mercy 
there, neither can the Judge be persuaded; 7 but the work which 
every man hath done shall be laid before His eyes. Then 8 the 
Judge 9 will answer and say, 'Show me each one his work that 
I may give him 10 his wages, according to that which he hath 
done;' hear then, king, and I will tell thee. Every man who 
lives on earth, and confesses Him whom they crucified, if he 
bears many sins in his body when he departs 11 from this wicked 
world, will live in fetters on account of his sins, but on the 
Lord's day he will have rest because the Lord Jesus looks upon 
those who are punished on the Lord's day; 12 but as for me, there is 
no rest at all given to me on the Lord's day because I did not con- 
fess Christ's godhead when I lived upon earth. Why thenshould 
we confess 13 and worship idols and images which cannot move"? 
Dadianus the governor answered 1 " 4 and said to him, "Thy sense is 
destroyed through the length of the time of the two hundred years." 15 

[21] Then he that had risen from the dead looked upon Saint George 



i B XFIC AMOK NAg'h 2 B ANAPKH. 

s B NFBO. 4 B MTTIXINCONK 

5 B F^pm FpOq AqFMMAy NXF TTiqFNT. 
e B MMON #Al MBOH91A. 7 B MTTAyO^F 

s B ITA. 9 Arab. ^^U^. We should probably read KplTHC hore. 
10 B MTUOyAl TTlOyAl NODTFN NTA'f MTTlOyAl TTlOyAl 
MTTFqBFXF. u B NTEqoyO)TFB. 12 B NTF ^"Ky 

13 B ANNAoyoNgq. n B AqFpoyo) &F. 15 B 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 221 

tie martyr of Christ, and said to him, "0 my lord the holy 1 
.martyr of Christ, we beseech thee to give us the holy baptism 
cf Christ, that we may not fall back again into the punishment 
ii which we were." 2 When Saint George saw their faith, he 
smote the earth with his foot, and water welled up, and he 
I Baptized them in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the 
Holy Spirit. And he said to them, "Depart in peace to Paradise," 
Mid they straightway disappeared and were not seen. 3 
And Dadianus the governor was stupefied for a time. 4 Then 
the governors who were with him said, "This man is a magician 5 , 
:-{tnd by his magic has made demons rise up before us, saying, 
'I have raised the dead'." Dadianus said, "I will now disgrace 
the whole race 7 of Christians." And he commanded, saying, 
"Choose me a poor widow woman whose like for poverty there 
is not in the whole world." And they went round about through 
the city and found a poor widow, and they put the righteous 
man with her, wishing to disgrace 8 the Christians. When they 
had brought 9 the righteous man into the widow's house, he said 
to her, "Give me some bread, for I am hungry." The poor widow 
woman answered and said to him, 10 "Master, I have no bread in 
my house." Saint George said to her, "What god dost thou 
believe on, that thou hast no bread in thy house?" The woman [22] 
said to him, "I believe in Apollo and Herakles 11 the mighty im- 
perial gods." Saint George said to her, "Verily it is a just 
judgment of God that thou hast no bread in thy house." l2 And 
the woman looked upon his face, and saw that it was like that 
of an angel of God, and she said within herself, "I will go and 
beg bread from my neighbours and acquaintances, that I may 
set it before the man of God, and peradventure by reason of 



i B adds eeoyAB. 2 

3 B HTTE^AI NAy. 4 B NAyoyNoy. 5 B oyppq^w 

e Read NgAN&EMODN, 1 B MfTAtreNOC. 

s B F^NAO^CDO). o B FTAyiNl. 10 B omits NAq. 

11 B mXpAKAHC. 12 B TTAHl. 



222 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

his coming into my house I shall find favour in the sight of my 
neighbours." And it came to pass that when the poor widow 
woman had gone out the righteous man sat down 1 by the foot 
of the wooden pillar in her house; and it straightway took root 2 , 
and put forth leaves, and became a'^large tree, and towered up 
fifteen cubits above the house. And behold Michael the arch- 
angel came 3 with a table 4 filled with all go.od things, and the 
saint 5 ate and was comforted; and the table was filled with 
bread and every good thing. When the poor widow woman 
came into her house, and saw the great marvels, that is to say, 
the table set out within and filled with all good things, and the 
pillar 6 of dry wood which had taken root, 7 she said in her heart, 
"The God of the Christians hath remembered the poverty of the 
widow, and hath brought His martyr into my house to help me 
the wretched in spirit;" 8 and she straightway 9 threw herself down 
at the feet of the saint and worshipped 10 him. Saint George" 
[23] answered and said to her, 11 "Rise up and stand 12 upon thy feet, 
for I 13 ain not the God of the Christians, but only His servant, 14 
and I endure sufferings for His holy name's sake." And again 
the woman said to him, "Master, if I have found favour before 
thee, let me venture to speak one word before thee." The holy 15 
man said, "Speak." The woman said to him, "Master, I have 
here a little boy nine years old who is blind, deaf, dumb, and 
lame, and I am ashamed to show him to my neighbours: if now 
thou wilt make him see and hear and speak, I will believe 16 upon 
thy God." The righteous man answered and said, "Bring hither 
the child to me;" and she brought him from the third storey of 



i B NAqgFMCl TTF. 2 B AqtfFTTNOyNl. 3 B AqiNl. 

* B NOyApATTF^A. 5 B adds PFCOpriOC. 

G B NFM TTWFCTyAAoC. ? B FTAqtfFTTNOyW NF OyO)F. 

3 B 'fTAAFrKJDpOC NXHpA. 9 B CATOTCj. 

10 B ACOyOyO)U)TV 11 B adds MAC- " B Ol FpAT. 

13 B omits the second AMOK. " B OyBGDK NTAq Atfc>lCl. 

is B ntAPlOC rFGOpPlOC. ^ B > fNANA r f. 



THE MARTYKDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 



223 



bar house, and laid him in the bosom of the righteous man. And 
Saint George prayed over him with his head bowed down 1 over 
the child lying in his bosom, and he breathed upon him, and the 
s;ales fell from his eyes, and he saw straightway with his eyes. 2 
^ he woman said to the saint, "Master, I beseech thee to make 
him to speak, and to hear with his ears, and to stand up and 
valk upon his feet." 3 Saint George said to her, "O woman, this 
i ; sufficient now, but when I need him 4 to serve me in a matter, 
1 will call him and he shall hear me, 5 and shall go and serve 
nie." And the woman was not able to answer 6 him a word, for 
she saw that his face was like the face of an angel of God. 

And the lawless and impious governor, Dadianus, and the [24] 
sixty-nine governors who were with him, came out from their 
meal, and were walking about and enjoying themselves in the 
open spaces of the city. When the dragon of the abyss, that 
is to say, Dadianus the governor, saw the tree which had sprung 
up by means of the righteous man, 7 he asked one of his rulers, 8 
;" [Whence] is this new sight, this fig tree?" And he told him, 
saying, "This is the place into which George the mighty saint 
of the Galileans was cast.'' 

Then the governor commanded to bring him and to set him 
before the public assembly, 9 and he made them flog him without 
mercy 10 until his flesh was cut to pieces, [and set fire under him] 
until his body was consumed through the intensity 11 of the flame; 
and he made them put vessels of fire upon his head. After 
'-hese things he made them hang him up 12 to torture him, and 
they filled iron pots full 1 ^ of fire and placed them under him, 



1 B omits eqTO)B Fgpm exa)q NApe xcoq XOBC EFTFCHT. 

2 B adds t>FN NFqBAA. 

3 The next eight leaves in A have been paged and bound up in wrong order. 

4 B IFpFNXplA. 5 B NTFqCO)TFM. e B Fpoyd). 

7 Read HntOMHt. s B NWFNApXOC. B klMCDClA. 

to B t>FN OyMFTANOlA (sic) fc>FN OyMFTAONAl. 

11 B TTAIU)AI. '2 B AqtpOyBAO) ON. is B ON CFME. 



224 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 

until he yielded up his spirit. Then the governor commanded 
them to take his body and cast it 1 away upon a high mountain, 
and the dragon said in his heart, "The birds of heaven will 
come and devour his flesh." "When they had taken away the 
body of the blessed 2 man to a mountain 3 called 4 Siris, 5 the 
attendants cast it away there, and returned. Now when these 
devilish attendants had come away 6 from the mountain a 
short distance, about thirty 7 stadia, there came mighty thunders 
[25] and lightnings so that the whole mountain shook. And behold 
the Lord came upon a cloud, and said to Saint George, "0 ex- 
cellent and chosen one, rise up from where thou liest;" and 
straightway the martyr of Christ arose. And he ran after the 
attendants, 8 crying out after them, and saying, "Wait a little for 
me until I come up with you." When the attendants looked 
back, and saw the righteous man running after them, they glorified 
God, and threw themselves down at the feet of the saint, and 
besought him, saying, "Give us the seal of Christ," and the 
blessed and righteous man Saint George baptised them in the 
name of the Father and the Sou and the Holy Ghost. Then 
they came and stood before the lawless governor, and they al 
cried out, 9 "We are Christians, openly;" and the kings were 
speechless with fear by reason of this thing. Then Dadianus 
commanded to bring 10 the attendants and to set them before him, 1 
and he made them crucify one of them who was called Klaudane 12 
and torture him^ 13 two others called Lasiri and Lasiriane 1 * 



i B NCEBFpBCUpq. 2 B niMAKAplOC. 3 B TUTCDOy. 

4 E begins here with the letters HOyy. 

s Arab. c^r^> > E ACHp, Theodotus ACOyptON. 

e B EBOA. 7 E a stadium. 

s B CA(j)AOy NNlgynEpFTHC. 

9 B eyo)(y. 10 B eepoyiwi. 

11 B omits FpATOy NA#pAq. 

12 Arab. Ul^Jl. is B NCF'f NTFq&lMO)plA. 

!4 Arab. U 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 



225 



they put to the sword, and Klekon 1 they threw to the wild 
boasts. 2 

After these things the governors commanded them to bring 
Siint George. And Dadianus the governor answered and said 
t< him, "0 George, I swear to thee by my Lord the Sun, and 
by the Moon, and by the gods, and by their mother Artemis, 
tl iat I will treat thee kindly like my beloved son, and that I will 
g adly give thee every thing that thou askest; only hearken to [26] 
ID e as a father, and agree with me only so far as to worship the 
gods." Saint George answered and said to him, "I marvel at 
the words which thou 3 hast just now spoken. I have been inthy 
power 1 until this day, why hast thou not spoken them before? 5 
Behold, thou hast put me to the torture for the past seven years, 
thou hast slain me thrice, I died three times, and three times 
did my Lord Jesus Christ raise me up; but I never heard these 
words before from thee until this present. 7 Knowest. thou not, 

governor, that this race of Christians is one that loves victory, 
and that it fights 8 against those who fight against it? But now 

1 rejoice that I can make thy mightiness glad, and I will offer 
sacrifice to thy great god Apollo whom 10 thou lovest." When 
Dadianus the governor heard these things, he rejoiced greatly and 
took hold of the head 11 of Saint George and kissed it. And the 
righteous man resisted him, saying, "Nay, nay, governor, for it 
is not the custom of the Galileans to be thus treated unless they 
have first worshipped the gods; command 12 that they put me 13 in 



* Arab. &+& E calls these martyrs Glegon, Klegatios, Lanasiarios 
ami Maiidriaiios, and Theodotus Klekon, Lasiri, Dionysius and Joseph. 

2 According to E they suffered martyrdom on the ninth day of Pharmuthi. 

3 Read ETEKXO) HMOC ? 

4 B NAyXH N00)TFN. Read NTOTK? 

5 B NAl NHl ICXFN O)OpTT. 6 E six years. 

i B T NOy. With reference tothe paging of the leaves in A read 
B.. TJf. A. instead of N. B. ? NH. A. B FCe'j". 

9 B e-fepoyoT NHI NXB. t B <J>AI. " B NTAA<J)F. 

12 oyACANl. is B HMOq. 



226 THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

prison until to-morrow." The governor answered and said to 
him, "Far be it from me to punish thee henceforth; forgive me 
for all the sufferings that I have inflicted 1 upon thee, for I 
wrought them on thee in ignorance. Accept me now as 2 a father, 

[27] and come, I will take thee into the interior 3 of the palace where 
Queen Alexandra is resting in her chamber." When the gover- 
nor had brought him in, he put him in the chamber with Queen 
Alexandra, and he shut the door upon them both and went out, 
for it was evening. Then Saint George bowed his knees 4 , and 
began to pray to God, saying, "0 God, my God, there is none 
like 5 unto Thee among the gods; 6 Thou art the God who 
doest marvellous things. 7 Why do the heathen cry out and the 
people imagine vain things? All the governors and rulers of the 
earth are gathered together, and they speak against God and 
against His Christ." 8 Alexandra the Queen answered, and said 
to the saint, "O George, my master, I am listening unto thee 
attentively, and I like thy words. Who are these who 'cry out'?| 
who 9 are these who 'imagine [vain things]' and who is 'Christ'? 
teach me, I pray thee, that I may know him." Saint George j 
answered, saying, "If thou desirest 10 to know Christ and His words, j 
Queen Alexandra, listen. When God had created the heavens] 
and the earth, He took a clod of earth and made a man likej 
unto Him in His own form and likeness; thus He made flesh j 
out of earth. Then again He created sinews in it, and He 
made the skin and the various other parts of the man, and the; 
eyes, both seeing and unseeing 11 (?), the tongue, 12 the throat, the 

[28] hands and every thing which is contained in man. Is not that 
which is within [us] of earth? And the Lord Christ took uponj 
Himself flesh from the holy Virgin Mary, and became man: He 



i B FAlTOy. 

3 B CA t>OyN MniMOHT. 4 B 

5 Ps. Ixxxvi. 8. e B TTFFTONl. 7 Psalm Ixxii. 18. 

a Psalm ii. 1. ^ B NIM NH. 10 B ApFFpFTlN. 

11 The text is probably corrupt here. 12 A(]9AMl6 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 227 

is the God who has raised me up from the dead, and it is for 
tl e sake of His Holy name and of His Good Father, and the 
Holy Spirit that I have endured sufferings. For Adam's sake, 
Queen Alexandra, God made the heavens, and created the 
sun and the shining moon and the stars and the rest of creation." 
The Queen answered and said to him, "Explain this matter to 
n e." Saint George said to her, "The idolaters who are in the 
\vorld to-day worship 1 abominable things and not God, for they 
sorve soulless 2 idols fashioned by the hands of man, and despise 
God the Creator of the universe." The Queen said to him, 
"Then are these gods, demons?" Saint George said to her, "Yes, 
they are demons." The Queen said to him, "How did the Son of 
God come into the world?" 3 Saint George answered and said 4 
to her, "Hearken unto me, Queen Alexandra. The Prophet 
David saith, 'Thou that sittest upon the cherubim, appear, show 
Thy strength, and come to help us.' 5 And again he saith, 'He 
shall come down like rain upon the mown grass' fi , that is, the 
blessed Virgin Mary. And again the prophet Habakkuk cried 
out, saying, '0 God, I heard the noise of Thee, and 7 1 was afraid 
considered Thy works and I was speechless.' 8 When the 
prophet Habakkuk spake these things, he spake truly, for he 
biew that Jesus Christ would come down into this world, 9 and [29] 
le feared. And he considered that it was God who would be- 
come man, that salvation might be ours, and that He might de- 
iver us from the hand of the devil, the enemy of all truth, 10 who 
eacleth astray these seventy wicked governors." The Queen 
answered and said, "Verily thou speakest 11 well, and hast per- 
maded me that Christ is the God of the universe; 12 and now I 

i B Eyoyoao). 2 B NAN H(|>YXON. 

3 The text of A is corrupt in this place , but that this is the question 
Alexandra asked is certain from Theodotus (p. 145, 1. 8) and E, p. 194. 1. 8. 

4 Read fTFXAq NAC. 5 p sa i m i xxx . 1} 2 . o p sa lm Ixxii. 6. 
7 B omits OyO. s Habakkuk iii. 2. Saint George is quoting the 

tic version of Habakkuk. 9 B MTTtKOCHOC. 

10 B ME0MHI. 11 B KCAXl. 12 B HTTlFTTTHpq. 



228 THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

beseech thee to pray for me, that all crafts and wiles of demons 
and idols may straightway flee away from me." Saint George 
answered and said to her, "If thou believest on Jesus Christ 
who was crucified , no blemish 1 of demons shall draw nigh thee 
at all." She said to him, "0 George, my master, I believe, but 
I am afraid of the exceeding wicked governor, Dadianus, who 
devours flesh 2 like a wild beast. Keep the matter secret, and 
tell no one until I wear the crown of martyrdom in the kingdom i 
of Christ; and now let me 3 rest until the morning. 

When the morning had come the governor commanded the] 
herald to cry out through the whole city, saying, "Gather to-! 
gether, [0 ye people,] to see this mighty Galilean worship Apollo." j 
And the governor commanded them to bring Saint George into the : 
courtyard of the temple where he was to offer sacrifice to Apollo; 
but Saint George said to the attendants who had come aftei : 
him, "Go ye to the governor, and I, and 4 the priests, and the 
ministers 5 of the temple will go to Apollo, and worship him/H 
[30] And the herald continued to gather together with diligence then 
whole city, both small and great, to see the sight. 

When the poor widow woman whose son Saint George had healed j 
saw this, she straightway 6 uncovered her head and rent her clothes.: j 
and set out for the place where the saint was. And she said tc 
him, "0 thou who didst raise the dead; who didst make th< 
blind from their birth to see; 7 who didst make to appear those 
who were dried up and gone to dust; 8 who didst make pieces 
of wood of fruit-bearing trees tj to blossom beautifully; who dids) 
make the pillar of my house to take root 10 and become a might) j 
tree, and didst cause a table 11 to be filled with bread and all gooc 
things; who didst manifest forth multitudes of miracles and dids 
put the devil to shame ; wilt thou now 12 go to Apollo and worshi] 



i B NATAtfW. 2 B OyEMCAp^. * B XAT XP 

4 B ANOK AS NUM. B NtCATHrOC. B CATOTq 

7 B ETFpON (sic) NNtBpAAey. B NlUjEETa)Oya)Oy. 

Q B NU)0)HN. i B U)UrTNOyNl. n B 

12 B 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 



229 



I hi n, and put to shame the whole race of Christians?" When 
S;int George heard these things he smiled upon her, 1 and said, 
"Put down thy child out of thy arms," and she put 2 him down. 
S;iint George said to the little child, "In the name of my 
L 3rd Jesus Christ I wish thee to come and be my servant in 
tl is matter," and straightway the little boy heard with his ears, 
laud came leaping towards Saint George. Saint George said to 
| h m, "Come, go into the temple of Apollo and say to his idol, 
'George the servant of Christ calleth thee'." 3 And the child 
1 want quickly into the temple and said 4 , "I tell thee, 5 blind, [3 ij 
dimb and senseless idol, to come forth quickly, for George the 
servant of Christ calleth thee." And the evil spirit which 
sojourned 6 in the idol cried out within him, saying, 7 "0 Na- 
zarene, thou drawest every one to thee, and thou hast sent 8 
this 9 little boy to me to disgrace me;" and straightway the 
idol of Apollo leaped down from his pedestal and came to Saint 
George. And Saint George answered and said to him, "Art 
thou the god of the heathen?" The demon who sojourned 6 in 
the idol said, "Bear with me a little, and I will tell thee 10 every 
thing before thou askest (P) 11 me;" and Saint George said to 
him, "Speak." And he began to speak and to declare every- 
thing, saying, "0 master, and saint of God, thou art 12 not ignorant 
that of old time God made a Paradise in Eden, 13 towards the 
east, and that God put in it the man He had made in His own 
likeness, And God said, "Let the angels come and worship him;" 
and straightway Michael and all his army of angels came and 
worshipped him. But I would not worship the man whom God 



i B AqNETq pooq. 2 B AKXGU. 

3 Read MOyt" HpOK. 4 B omits NAq. 

s B AlfftpOK. e B FTtfAAHOyT. 

7 B omits EqXO) HMOC- * B TTE FTAKOyODpTT. 

9 B TTAlKOyXi. 10 B TTF6NATAMOK. 

11 We might read HTTATFKTAKOl 'before thou destroyest me'. 

12 B KOI. 13 B 



230 THE MARTYKDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 

had created, * and I disputed 2 the command of God, saying, '0 
righteous judge, whom the Cherubim 3 full of eyes overshadow, 
how can I who am more excellent than this man, worship that 
which is inferior to me?' Then God was very wroth with me, 
[32] and He cast me forth from the glory with which I was sur- 
rounded, and He cast me forth from heaven like an eagle on a 
rock, and I was in fetters; and now I live in this idol, 4 and I 
lead astray the children of men. And I fly and mount up to 
the firmament of heaven, and I hear the angels praising God, 
and when I hear the sentence 5 pronounced that a man shall die 
and go forth from this world, I go to him and inflict sufferings 
upon him until he blasphemes God." Saint George answered 
and said to him, "Thou hast not spoken the truth, creator 6 of 



1 Compare the following extract from the 'Cave of Treasures'. (Brit. Mus. 
MS. 25,875 fol. 5, b. 1, and Bezold, Die Schatzhohle text p. n, translation p. 4. 

073 



007 
007 

0070 .JiJxicXxiip f'ocr &o ^pois^o ^>=>s2 ^AcTT 3^1 
sS5o .&(? ^ooci ojaAx <A?o 097 A^o J-*;sC3lo .^'2 

^ajbis2o : ^ooj^oaocfis ^ioa^ . oojxio o>AN3e2o .^lioac , 07^0^*0 ^007 ^.Soc 



"And when the chief of this lower company saw what majesty had boon 
given to Adam, he was jealous of him from that day, and did not wish to 
worship him. And he said to his hosts, 'Do not worship him, and do not 
praise (him) with the (other) angels. For it is meet that he should worship me 
who am Spirit and fire, and not that I should worship dust formed from dust.' 
And when the rebel had meditated these things he became disobedient, and 
of his own free will and choice he separated himself from God, and he and 
all his company were driven away, and fell (from heaven) on the sixth day. 
Now his fall from heaven took place at the second hour of the day. And 
their glorious garments were stripped off them , and he was called Satana 
because he had turned aside and Shida because he was cast out, and Daiwfi 
because the garment of his glory perished." 

2 B SpANTtAFPlN. s B WTBN NTB 

4 B ITAl&ODAON FlCOpFH. 5 B eTAT70<j)AClC. 

B <j)HFTCMOT N 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 231 

lies. Thou wast cast forth from heaven on account of thy pride 
ii having prepared a throne for thyself to sit upon, and for having 
made thyself equal l with Him that is more exalted than thou: and 
He drove thee suddenly forth from heaven, with all thy hosts, into 
tie depths of the sea." When the spirit heard these things 
f'om him, he was speechless, and found not a word to say. And 
straightway Saint George smote the earth with his foot, and it 
cpened its mouth, and he said to the idol, "Go down now into 
the abyss, unclean spirit, and give speech to all the souls 
that thou hast destroyed;" and the unclean spirit went down 
straightway 2 into the abyss together with the idol 3 in which he 
dwelt. And Saint George smote the earth with his foot, and it 
closed up as it was before. 4 After these things Saint George 
unloosed his shoe-latchets, and went to the idol of Herakles, and 
pulled him down upon the ground, and broke him in pieces. And 
lie said to the other idols, "Go down into the abyss, gods of [33] 
the heathen, for I have come against you in anger and wrath." 
When the priests and the ministers and the attendants who waited 
upon the idols saw the destruction of their gods, they laid hold 
of Saint George, and tied his hands behind him, and took him 
to the governor, and showed him everything that had happened 
to the gods and to Apollo, 5 saying, "He has been thrown down 
into the abyss." And it came to pass that when Dadianus the 
governor heard these things, he was filled with fury, and said to 
Saint George, "0 thou who art worthy of destruction, didst thou 
not say to me, 'I will worship the glorious gods where thou dost 
worship them'? and thou saidst that thou wouldst throw 6 incense 
to them, and yet thou dost use works of magic in this manner; 
knowest thou not that thy life is in my hands?" Saint George 



i B gyCOC. ' B CATOTq 

3 B TTlKFeoyODT NTP TTITTNA NAKAGApTON 

4 A martyr called Sarapamon also caused Apollo to sink into the earth. 
Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de VEgypte, p. 307. 

5 B MAAICTA TTIMU)^ NNoy'f' niAnoAAoN. 

e B ftTFKTAAo. 



232 THE MARTYRDOM OP SAINT GEORGE. 

answered and said to him, "Go and bring 1 Apollo hither 2 to 
me, and I will worship him before thee." Dadianus said to him, 
"It has just 3 been told me by the priests that he has gone down 4 
into the abyss, and now thou wishest to send me thither alive." 
Saint George answered and said to him, 5 "If Apollo was the 
mighty god in whom thou didst trust 6 to deliver thee in the 
evil day, how was it that he was unable to help himself, 7 and 
was the first of all thy seventy gods to go to destruction? When 
my Lord God cometh to change the heavens and the earth, what 
wilt thou and what will he in whom thou puttest thy trust, do?" 
Then the governor in great grief 8 for the destruction of his god 
Apollo, went into the palace to Queen Alexandra, and said, b 'I suffer 
by reason of this race of Christians, and especially through this 
Galilean 9 George." Queen Alexandra answered and said to the 
governor, "Have I not told thee many times to let alone this 
race of Christians? for their God 10 is the true God, and He will 
humble thee in thy pride." The governor 11 answered and saidi 
to the Queen, 12 "Woe is me, Alexandra, for I fear 13 that the 
magic of the Christians has entered into thee;" and he laid hold 
of the hair 14 of her head, and dragged her along until he brought 
her to the sixty-nine governors who were with him, and he began 
[34] to tell them everything that had happened. Then the governors 
commanded to bring her and to hang her upon the wooden horse | 
to torture her, and she said never a word , but was looking up 
to heaven. And she looked in the face of Saint George, and! 
said to him, "Pray for me while I suffer these tortures." Saint 



i Read AWOYI- * B MNAl and omits NHl. 

3 Read MTTlpwt with B. 4 B AK9pOYOl)A. 

s E comes to an end here with the word N(fl. 6 B 

7 B NFpBOHOlN Fpoq. 8 B NFMKA NTF 

o B MAAlCTA TTAtrAAtAFOC. 
10 B XF OYHI TTOYNOY']' NOOK (sic). n B TTOypO 

12 Read N^OYpOL)- 13 Read 

14 BOYO AqAHONl HRiqCOl 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 



233 



G corge answered and said to her, "Bear them patiently for a 
little, Queen, that thou raayest receive a crown from the hands 
[jof my Lord Jesus Christ." And she said to him, "0 George, 
my master, what shall I do, for I have not received holy baptism?" 
baint George said to her, "Go, and thou shalt receive baptism 
;1 y the pouring out of holy blood." And while they were taking 
1 er away 1 to destroy her, she cried out, saying, "O my Lord 
, esus Christ, behold I have kept the door of my palace open 
[to Thee], and have not closed it, do thou, O Lord, not close the [35] 
Cioor of the paradise of joy against me." When Alexandra the 
Queen had said these things she nobly consummated her martyr- 
dom on the fifteenth day of Pharmuthi 2 at the third hour, and 
she received her incorruptible crown. 

After these things the governors called Saint George and 
Jiaid to him,- "Behold thou hast destroyed the Queen, and now 
we will gain the mastery over thee." 3 And Magnentius 4 one of 
the governors said, "Let us pass sentence of death upon him," 
and the thing pleased "> them all. Then Dadianus the governor 
sat down and wrote his sentence of death, saying, "I give George, 
the chief of the Galileans, who hath put the decrees of the gover- 
nors behind his back, over to the sword; and know, O ye peoples, 
that we are innocent of his blood this day;" and the sixty-nine 
governors who were with him 7 signed 8 the writing. Then Saint 
George went to the place where he should receive his crown, 



i B sycbAi oyN MMOC eeoA. 

2 I. e., April 10. This is the Queen Alexandra mentioned in the Coptic 
Church Calendar whose identification the Rev. S. C. Malan has found difficult. 
See his Calendar of the Coptic Church, p. 77, note 23. 

3 Bead EpOK with B. 

4 Some few lines of the Sahidic Text of the last part of this martyrdom 
have been printed by Bouriant from two or three badly preserved leaves in 
the Museum of Bulak. See Recueil de Travaux, iv, p. 155. 

5 Read A TTlgODB pANA with B. 

e B TETPNTUNTOyBHOyT ANON FBOA^A. 

7 Read FONEMAq with B. 

5 B AycbAl t>ApATq NTFq ETTtCToAH EXFN. 

30 



234 THE MARTYRDOM OP SAINT GEORGE. 

rejoicing. When he had come to that spot he said to the 
soldiers who were holding him, "Brethren, bear with me 1 a 
little, that I may pray for the seventy governors who have tor- 
tured 2 me during the last seven years." Then Saint George 
looked up to heaven, and said, "0 my Lord Jesus Christ who 
didst send fire from heaven by Saint Elijah to devour the two 
captains of fifty and their hundred soldiers, let now I pray Thee 
that same fire come down from Thee and devour 3 these seventy 
[36] governors and those round about them, that not one of them may 
be left; for Thine is the glory for ever and ever, Amen." And 
while 4 he was praying, there straightway came forth fire from 
heaven, and it devoured the seventy governors and their hosts, 
in number about five thousand. And again the saint asked the 
soldiers to wait a little longer, and he prayed, saying, "0 my 
Lord Jesus Christ, I see a multitude here wishing 5 to carry 
away my G body, but my body will not suffice for the whole 
world. I beseech Thee to grant a favour 7 to me, grant that 
my name may heal 8 all those afflicted by unclean spirits, who ! 
shall remember Thy servant George. Lord my God, let 
every one who is greatly afraid in the place of judgement come 
forth in peace if he remembers my name; and do Thou write j 
in the Book 9 of Life the name of every one who shall write 
down my martyrdom and the sufferings 10 which I have endured, j 
If the heavens withhold their 11 rain from the earth, and men 
make mention of the name of the God of George, I beseech Thee I 
grant that Thy hlp may support them speedily. God of ; 
truth, for the sake of whose holy name I have suffered 12 these ; 
pains, remember all those who shall show kindness to the poor j 
in my name, and forgive them the sins 13 which they have com-. 



i Read NEMHl. 2 B AyCl CEEpBACAM^lN. 

a B NTEqpOKgOy. 4 B ETl &E EqTOUBg. 

5 B EqoyCDO). e B TTACOOMA. 7 B NEMCDOy gMOT. 

s B EOyTTEGNANEq. B MnXCUM. 10 B NlblCt. 

11 B NNECMoyngouoy. 12 B (jmpfajOTT. 13 B 



THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 235 

niitted." And when the saint had said these things in the fer- 
pour of his heart, behold the Lord Jesus Christ appeared to him, [37] 
s; tying, "Come up now into heaven, and rest thyself in the 
dwelling which I have prepared for thee in the kingdom of My 
lather which is in heaven. O excellent George, I will fulfil 
fe^ery thing which thou hast asked for, and many other things 
greater than these." Then Saint George said to the executioners, 1 
"Come now, and perform that which has been commanded you;" 
and he stretched 2 out his neck, and they took off his holy head, 
and there came forth water and milk. And Jesus Christ took 
bis blessed soul and embraced it 3 and took it up to heaven with 
Him, and gave it as a gift to His Good Father and the Holy 
Spirit. Then straightway the earth shook to its foundations, and 
t'aere were suddenly thunders and lightnings so that no man 
passed that place for mighty dread. Now all those who became 
martyrs through Saint George were eight thousand, six hundred 
and ninety-nine together with Alexandra the Queen. And Saint 
George consummated his martyrdom on the twenty-third day of 
the month Pharmuthi, on the Lord's day, at the ninth hour of 
the day. I Pasikrates 4 the servant of Saint George was with 
my master until the end of his contest 5 by the sentence of death 
of the impious governors. I have written down his holy martyr- 
dom, and have added nothing thereto nor taken any thing there- 
from ; and my Lord Jesus Christ helped me, to Whom together 
with His Good Father and the Holy Spirit be glory for ever and 
3ver, Amen. 



1 B NWKET(DNNAplON (sic). 

2 B AqCGDOyTFN MnFqMOHT (sic). 3 B MMOq. 
4 Arab. ^cO\^Xx*j, Syr. 

5 B TTEqAeAycic. 



236 THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS. 

These are the mighty deeds and miracles which God wrought 
~by the hand of Saint George after his martyrdom and after 
the coming of his body into Diospolis his native city, and after 
the building of his shrine, which was completed and consecrated 
on the seventh day of the month Athor, and after the laying of 
his body within it. Saint Theodosius, 1 Bishop of Jerusalem, 
recited the mighty deeds and miracles which God wrought by 
Saint George, and the gracious acts which took place in his 
holy martyrium^ when he pronounced the following encomium 
on the day of his holy commemoration, which is the seventh 
day of Athor, when there was gathered together a great multi- 
tude of the orthodox* to celebrate the festival of Saint George 
in his shrine and to praise our Lord Jesus Christ. 

"I will open my mouth in parables, 1 will declare the things 
which have been hidden from the beginning, which we have heard 4 i 
and known, and which our fathers have declared unto us." 5 As 

1 As this Theodosius, Bishop of Jerusalem, is referred to by Theodotut 
of Aucyra in his encomium upon St. George (Coptic text, p. 163) he must either 
have been a contemporary of his, or have lived before his time, for there is no 
reason to suppose that the mention of him in the encomium of Theodotus is | 
an interpolation, or that it refers to Theodosius the Bishop of Jerusalem who 
flourished about A. D. $69. See Cave, Script. Eccles. Historia Literaria, p. 557, : 
and Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, iii, p. 370. The Theodosius here referred ! 
to is probably the Palestinian monk who caused such trouble at the Council j 
of Chalcedon, and who afterwards came to Jerusalem and usurped the episcopal 
throne of Juvenal. Many crimes and murders were committed through his 
agency in Jerusalem, but he was eventually expelled from that city about the 
year 453. He fled away and took refuge in the mountains of Sinai and 
his end is unknown. For his history and a discussion as to whether he ap- 
pointed himself Bishop or not, see Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, iii, col. 164; 
Tillemont, Memoires pour servir a VHistoire Ecclesiastique, xv, pp. 197, 380, 
672, 731737, 754756, and Notes Ivii and Iviii on pp. 925, 926. 

2 B mMAprypoc. 3 B adds sqeoyHT NXE 

NMHO) NTE MOpeO&OJOC PY P P^ AI - 

4 B NNHFTANCOeMOY- 5 Psalm Ixxviii, 2, 3. 



THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS. 237 

tin Holy Spirit spake by the mouth of David the righteous king, 
so also will I show forth to you the gifts and the miracles which 
tea ne to pass through Saint George the mighty martyr of Christ, 
an! what happened to him in the city of Tyre where he con- 
mi nmated [his martyrdom] under Dadianus, the lawless [gover- 
morj of the Persians. Now Tyre was the city of king 1 Nebuchad- [39] 
nezzar who was king of 2 all the Chaldeans, and he forsook his 
cry Tyre, and went to Babylon, 3 and built it in a beautiful 
manner, and fortified it, and made it his royal city. And it 
canie to pass that when they had taken off the head of Saint 
Gaorge it was separated from the body from the ninth hour of 
the day 4 until sunset ; and Pasikrates the servant of Saint George 
stood 5 by it weeping over it and watching it. And behold God 
put it into the heart of two of his fellow-servants to come 
to the city to visit their master, and to learn what had become 
of him; 6 and [the people] told them, saying, "They have slain him 
to -day." And they wept and rent their garments, and came 7 to 
the body, and they found Pasikrates sitting and weeping; and 
they sat down and wept with him. After these things they rose 
up together and joined the head 8 of the saint to his body, and 
it united with it as if it had never been severed at all. And 
they took the napkin 9 which one of them had on him and 
wrapped his holy body smeared with blood in it : and they found 
a new sepulchre near to them outside the city, and they laid the 
body of the holy man in it until it was morning, and they sat 
outside the door. And it came to pass on the morrow that they 
rose up, and went into the city and bought incense and linen; 
,nd they brought them and put them around the body 10 of Saint 
George; and they found that the head had joined on to the body 



B NABOXOkONOCOp ITOypO. Thedosius appears to refer to the 
apture of Tyre by Nebuchadnezzar after a siege of thirteen years. 

2 B EXEN. 3 B ETBAByAcON. 4 B NTE TTlEgOOy. 

5 B NAqgEMci. e B NToyEMi XE oy ne ETAqujcom. 

7 B NNoygBooc AyKoH- oyo Ayo)iw NCA. 

8 B ETEqA<|)E. 9 B N&l CyN&ODNlON. 1 B HITCODMA. 



238 THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT TKEODOSIUS. 

as if he were alive and there was no mark of the sword stroke 
upon it at all. And the servants marvelled greatly 2 , and believed 
[40] with all their heart that God had received him to Himself, and 
that everything which He had promised 3 him while he was alive 
should in truth be done for him. Then they spread incense over 
him, and carefully prepared him for burial according to the custom 
of the country, and they buried ' him in a sepulchre 5 , and sealed 6 
it with seals, and they set Pasikrates outside to watch it. And 
the two other servants went into the city to labour for their 
living, and to obtain money wherewith to carry the body 7 of the 
saint with them to their country. And it came to pass that 
after they had worked for two months the Lord sent to them 
there a merchant ship from Joppa 8 laden with merchandise: and 
when they had sold the cargo the servants of Saint George spake 
with the sailors, and they agreed 9 with them for a price to take 
them and the body of Saint George on board; and by the help 
of God they came to Joppa. When the sailors and the mer- 
chant 10 heard 11 that it was the body of Saint George ofMelitene 
of Diospolis who had gone into the country of the Persians, they 
marvelled greatly at the 12 manner of his martyrdom; and they all 
arose and worshipped him, and glorified God that they were 
esteemed worthy of carrying 13 Saint George in their ship. And one 
of the sailors, Leontius 14 of Joppa, an acquaintance of Saint George, 
brought horses and laid the body upon them, and carried it 15 into 
Saint George's own house [at Diospolis] ; and when he arrived there 
he found Saint George's mother and sisters had gone to their rest. 



2 B MMAU)0). 3 B <])+ XOTOy. 

4 B AYKGDC. ^ B M17lMAy. e B AyTOTFq. 

7 B MTToycouMA. 8 B tonnw Ayi. 9 B 

10 B TTinpAKMATEyTHC. " B ETAqCCDTEM 

B NAyEpU)(])Hpl MMAO)0) TIE XE NAU) N 

MAprypoc. " B ETA^oq. 

u Read HE AEONTIOC, B has AEONTINOC. 
15 B MTTEqCCDMA. 



THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS. 239 

Tien the report spread abroad that they had brought the body[4ij 
pi Saint George who had been martyred, and whom they had 
lot seen for the past seven years, into the house, 1 and because 
tl ey were Christians they threw themselves down and worshipped 
h m, 2 weeping and marvelling at the things which had taken 
p ace; and again they rejoiced and glorified God that they were 
worthy of such a gift. Then Pasikrates and the two other 
l^orvants 3 whose names 4 were Lukios and Kirinneos told the 
p 30ple of the city everything that had happened to their master, 
a id they all marvelled. And they laid the body of Saint George 
tit his house for a week, and they all came and worshipped it^ 
When the great day of the festival 5 came they all assembled in 
phe church, and the martyrdom of Saint George was read to all 
the believers, and they marvelled at him and especially at all 
that had happened 6 to him, and they glorified God and His 
loly martyr. And behold when a certain wealthy nobleman of 
tie city 7 called Andrew, who was of the family 8 of Saint George's 
mother, heard his martyrdom read, God opened his heart and 
he listened attentively to the passage [in the martyrdom] 9 which 
;says, "And the Lord appeared unto him, 10 saying, I swear to 
ahee by Myself that no harm shall befall any man who shall con- 
i-fess thy sufferings, for I know that he is flesh and blood. No 
evil shall happen to any man who is in any necessity whatsoever^ 
whether 11 he be in peril by fearful judgments, or by many waters, 
or on the mountains, or in any affliction, if he remembers 

name and the name of My Father which is in heaven, and [42] 
the Holy Spirit, and My servant George, and I will deliver him 
out of every trouble. I will write in the Book of Life the name 

B EITHI and omits AqXOKOy EBOA. 2 B EOy(DO)T. 

B niKEBCDK. 4 B OyAl AE XE. 

B NTAl (sic) U)U>m. G Read NHETAyO^OOTTl with B. 

B NDAMAO NTE ^noAic EiiEqpAN TIE ANADEAC 

I 1 1 

B HFTrENOC. * See page 36. 

B Epoq AqCAXl NEHAq EqXO) MHOC. 11 B ITA. 



240 THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS. 

of any one who shall write down thy martyrdom and thy mighty 
deeds, and shall manifest forth thy day and the sufferings which 
thou hast endured in My name. I will never allow to want 1 any 
good thing in this world during his whole life, the man who shall 
make an offering or a charity in thy name, or who shall make 
a book on thy sufferings 2 and place it in faith in thy shrine; he 
shall be numbered with My saints. I am the Lord God, and 
that which I have said 3 will I do. I will take into My kingdom 
whosoever shall build 4 a shrine in thy name, and I will never 
forsake him. I will cause mighty miracles to take place where- 5 
soever thy body shall be laid ; I will make the nations of the 
earth c come to thy shrine and bring thee gifts ; and I will gather 
together to thy shrine all the heathen of the earth, Jews, Sama-j 
ritans, Persians, the children of Esau 7 and even the barbarians 
and they shall bring thee gifts." 

When the believing and truly God-loving man Andrew hearc 
of all these cures with which God would benefit the people through 
him, he received great joy like Jacob when he saw the face of hisj 
son Joseph the ruler in Egypt, and he rose up quickly and wrot(| 
[43] down his martyrdom and put it in his house, saying, "I will set thd 
memorial 8 of my brother in my house, that his blessing and favouij 
may abide with me for ever." And he cried out among the wholtj 
multitude, saying, "My brethren, as we have suffered great tri- 
bulation 9 for the sake of our brother who was slain with thc:| 
sword, let us now rejoice exceedingly that he has received grea 
honour in heaven, and verily, because he has thus received free 
dom of speech before God, he is able to entreat God on oui| 
behalf that He may show mercy and help to us in this work, 
and in that which is to come. 10 And now, my brethren, hearkei 
unto me, and let us build a little shrine to his name, and lej 



i B flO)0)T. 2 B NFqblCl. 3 B FTAlXOq. 

i B (J)HF0NAKO)T. B omits FTFMMAy t>FN TTIMA. 

e B TTKAgl. i B NHCAY- * B MTTFKFp(j)MFYt 

9 B NFMKA. 10 B 



THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS. 241 

us lay his body in it, that his blessing 1 and favour may abide 
w th us for ever." Then all the people answered with one voice, 
"Let be done what thou hast said. If thou wilt undertake the 
matter, we will undertake with thee, that the blessing of the saint 
n ay be with us and with our children, and that his blessing may 
a )ide in our city for ever." And it came to pass that when he 
hiard these things he rejoiced. 2 And he rose up early in the 
n orning, and brought his servants and labourers and the servants 
o ? Saint George, and he pulled down the walls 3 and the dwelling 
of Saint George, and said, "I will not lay my brother's body in 
strange ground," and the rest of the people of the city helped 
him and laboured at the holy place. And he deposited the body 
of Saint George in the church, until they had cleared the ground 4 [44] 
and could bring it back again. And it came to pass that when 
they had cleared the place they laid the foundations, and he 
narked out with straw where the walls should be 5 according to 
the size 6 of the little shrine, and he built it as well as he could 7 
(i. e., according to his means). 

The first miracle of Saint George. 

Now 'the first miracle which Saint George wrought was in 
respect of the building of the shrine in which they were to lay 
his body, in the peace of God, Amen. 8 And it came to pass 



i B TTFqCMOy. 

2 B FTAqccoTFM FNAI AqpAO)i oyog Aqa)a)pnq. 
3 B NCA WX01. 4 B U)AT OyFpKA9ApllN MfflMA 

FepoyXA CFN-f F^prn AqepoycopTOg. 

Is Arab, o^-^ ^^ J* Cr^^ f^4> O\ j^\' 6 B TMAIH. 

7 B adds ACXODK FBOA NTEqHApTyplA FTAqKO)T F^- 
FKKAHCIA FTF COy^ MntABCOT A90)p nUC NAl MTTlpFqFp- 

MOBl FTAqCJ3Al AMFN- "His martyrium (?) was finished and dedi- 
cated as a church on the seventh day of Athor. God, have mercy upon the 
sinner who wrote [this book], Amen." 

s B omits from +0)(bHpl to AMHN. 



242 THE FIRST MIEACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

that Andrew, who had set himself to build 1 the martyrium of 
Saint George, was lying on his bed one night and thinking within 
himself, 2 saying, "I have erred in beginning this building, especially 
as up to this present I see no man who will help me; and I 
know 3 not whether I can finish it or not. If I do not finish it, 
men will laugh at me, saying, 'This man began to build, and was 
not able to finish', even as our Saviour said." And while he 
was meditating these things in his heart upon his bed, slumber 
overtook him and he slept. And behold Saint George appeared 
to him 4 in a dream, saying, "Andrew, Andrew, knowest thou 
me?" and he said, "What is it, master?" Saint George said to 
him, "Knowest thou not who I am?" and Andrew said, "No." 
When Andrew knew him in his dream, he was astonished, and 
rose up and cast himself down at his feet and worshipped him, say- 
ing, 5 "Art thou alive, George, my master?" Saint George said 
[45] to him, "Thanks be to God, my body is with you, but I live in 
God by the Holy Spirit. And now I see that thou art down- 
hearted about the shrine which thou hast undertaken to build 6 
in my name, in which to lay my body, and I have come to thee 
to show thee a little wealth belonging to my ancestors out of which 
thou mayest pay for the shrine. Be of good cheer, and be not faint 
of heart, for I will put it 7 into the hearts of the people of this 
city to help thee. Arise and follow me and I will show thee a 
place in the room of my house ; which thou hast pulled down, 
wherein thou didst- lay my body before thou didst take it into 
the church." Then Andrew, in his dream, rose up, and followed 
him. And Saint George took him into the room of his house, 
and showed him the place and set a mark on it with his finger, 



1 Add EKCDT with B. 

2 B Nfcmrq EpE neqAoricnoc <f>ON fthpm Nbwrq 

3 B Mne^FMi. 

4 B EqXO) MMOC NAq XE ANkpEAC ANApEAC 
s B EqXO) HMOC. e B ETAK^ITOTK EpOC. 

7. B ^NATHIC ETTV1T. 



THE FIRST MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 



243 



a id said to him, 1 "Rise up early in the morning and come here, 2 
a icl dig down into this place one cubit, and thou shalt find the 
blessing which God hath set apart for thee." And when Andrew 
voke 3 up from his vision he roused his wife, and told her every- 
t ling 4 which he had seen in his vision, and they marvelled greatly. 
His wife said to him, "Rise up now this very night, and let us 
1 ght a lamp, and go to the place of which he told thee, and 
thou wilt see if we find the mark or not. If we find the mark 
as thou hast seen in thy vision, then of a certainty it is Saint 5 
George who has appeared to thee, 6 and we may in truth believe 
that we shall find the money 7 even as he hath shown 8 thee." So 
Jthey two arose, and lit 9 a lamp which the woman carried, and [46] 
Andrew took a spade in his hand and went to that place at 
midnight, and when he looked upon the ground he found the 
mark which the saint had made with his finger 10 in the vision; 
and Andrew and his wife marvelled greatly, and believed with 
all their hearts that it was Saint George who had made it. 11 
Then the valiant Andrew bound a napkin round his loins, and 
took the spade in his hand and dug into the earth, and when he 
had gone down a little way he found a jar having its mouth 
sealed up, with clay (?), and he dug it up and found it untouched. 
And Andrew and his wife threw themselves upon their faces, and 
worshipped God and Saint George; then they arose and lifted 
it up, and carried it into their house, glorifying God. And they 
made the light 12 to burn brightly, and went into 13 their storehouse 
that no one in the house might know of their matter, and the 
woman lighted him with the lamp while he uncovered the jar 14 , 



i Read NAq XF. 2 R, ea d ETTAl MA U)CDKl. 

3 B BTAqEpNH(j)lN. 4 B omits EpCDOy. 

5 B IE AAnecoc MTTiAnoc. e B upoq. 

7 B NTAlXplA. s B ETAyTAMOK. 

9 B AqtfkpO NOyKApATTTHC A tcglMl TCDOyNOy HMOq 

10 B neqTun. n B TiEETAqeAMioq. 

>2 B MnibwBc. '3 B Egpm. " B 



244 THE FIRST MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

which he found to be filled to the top with gold; and they arose 
and threw themselves upon their faces, and worshipped God and 
Saint George for the great favour that he had wrought for 
them. And the man brought out a measure of two bins l of 
gold wherewith he might complete the building of the shrine, 
and he buried the remainder again, and kept it hid in his house. 
Now when the morning had come he wished to give a feast to 
all the city 2 in the name of Saint George, saying within himself, 
"It is right to give the first-fruits to the Lord;" and he made 
[47] a great feast for all the poor and infirm and widows and orphans 
in the city, and he stood up and ministered unto them and 
rejoiced with them all. And on the morrow he invited all the 
nobles of the city, and made another great feast for them in the 
name of Saint George, and he sat at meat with them, and rejoiced 
with them because of the blessing which the Lord had vouchsafed 
to him. While they were eating he arose 3 , and spake with them 
saying, "Since 4 God hath put it into your hearts to help me, let 1 
each one of you give a little, according to his means, that we 
in our generation may do this great blessing which God hath 
considered our city worthy 5 of, and build the martyrium of Saint \ 
George in our city." And they all answered him with one voice, 
saying, 6 "We tell thee that we will act according to our power, 
and, by the will of God we will come to thee, and that which 
each one of us shall find, according to his power, he shall bring 
to thee." And they all, from the least to the greatest did so 
each one according to his power, and they counted what came 
in in the name of Saint George and they found two thousand 
pounds 7 in gold and one thousand silver satheri. s After these 



i B NIM. 2 B N'fnoAlC. 3 B adds 

4 B ApA XE. 5 B (j)H ETA <j>1~ 0pENEpnEMTTO)A. 

e B ENXOD MMOC. 

7 Arab. ;to>. The Coptic word AoyKOXt or AoyKOTTlN, Greek 
XoKOTrjvriv, oXoKoriviv, &XOKOTIVO*;, is a word of uncertain origin. See Du Gauge, 
Glos. Med. et Infim. Graecitas, i. 1038. The Sahidic form is OAoKO)T- 
TINOC- See Zoega, Catalogue, p. 538. 

s Arab. ^*>>. See Zoega, Catalogus, p. 625, note 9, and p. 513, note 7. 




THE SECOND MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 245 



th ings he came to the place where the shrine was to be built 
to the name of Saint George, and they laid the foundations in 
tie name of God and of Saint George, and 1 they built it well 
in three years; and they brought the holy martyr into the mar- 
t} rium ; and they brought the holy Bishop of Jerusalem and he 
consecrated 2 the shrine. And what a number of miracles took 
pace then! What a number of people were cured :$ of their 
d seases! and what a multitude of unclean spirits came forth in 
the name of Saint George the holy martyr of our Lord Jesus 
Christ! 



The second miracle 4 ' of the holy martyr Saint George. [48] 

And it came to pass when the holy Bishop had consecrated 
the shrine of Saint George and was bringing up the holy offer- 
ing, 5 a man came in who had an unclean spirit from his youth, 
and it used to bring him down to the ground, and inflict suffer- 
ings upon him and make him writhe and foam at the mouth; 
now this man came and stood among the congregation wishing 
to be blessed with the multitude. And it came to pass that 
when the' Bishop pronounced the rpicrdrf iov 6 the spirit brought 



i B NEM mAnoc rEcopnoc Aynorq. 

2 B AqEpXriA^lN MMOq. 3 B OyXCDC. 4 Read 

$Hpl. After PECOpriOC B adds TUMApTypOC EGOyAB. ' 

5 I. e. the elements. See Hammond, Antient Liturgies, p. 173, Note 1. 

6 I. e. "AYIOS 6 0e6<;, crfio? iaxupo^, ajioc, otGdvaTog eXeriaov r)|ua<;. This 
hymn was sung in connexion with the 'Little Entrance', and was introduced 
into the service by Proems, Patriarch of Constantinople (A. D. 446). It 
comes in the Greek liturgy of St. Mark just after the Little Entrance, and it 
is actually found in some of the printed Coptic liturgies. See Malan, The 
Divine Liturgy of Saint Mark, p. 43; Renaudot, Liturgiarum Orientalium, 
i, pp. Ixxx cxii; Densinger, Ritus Orientalium, ii, p. 367; Marquess of Bute, 
The Coptic Morning Service for the Lord's Day, p. 56; Rodwell, The 
Liturgies of S. Basil, S. Gregory and S. Cyril, p. 30; Evetts, Eites of the 
Coptic Church, pp. 3435. The statement made by Hammond (Antient 
Liturgies, p. 381) on this point is incorrect. 



246 THE SECOND MIEACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

the man do\vn upon the ground 1 and made him writhe and foam 
at the mouth; then he rose up and stood before the multitude, 
and cried 2 out, saying, ."What hast thou to do with me, saint 
of God? I know who thou art, and that thou art not able to 
cast me forth from this man, for I am a lunatic, 3 and thou hast 
no dominion over me, George." And he began to blaspheme 
God and Saint George. And Saint George inflicted sufferings 
[49] upon him and brought him to a pillar. Then Saint George tied his 
hands behind him, and dragged him up the pillar with his hands 
tied behind his back, until his head was on a level with the top 
of the pillar. And all who saw him marvelled 4 and said, "We 
never saw any one like this, for behold, his back, with his hands 
tied behind it, clung to the pillar without fastenings of rope, 5 
and his feet did not touch the ground, and he was dragged up I 
the side of the pillar twice without any one pouching him, and 
we have never seen such a miracle as this wrought by any of 
the martyrs." Now it was Saint George who held the body of} 
the man 6 to torture him, and every one who saw him marvelled j 
at him, and glorified God and Saint George the valiant martyr i 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. After these things Saint George setj 
him free, and he fell down 7 senseless to the ground from the ' 
top of the pillar, so that everyone said, 'He is dead'. And when ' 
the salutation of peace 8 had been given they pressed round about k 
him, and marvelled at him, for he was 9 as one dead. And a 
certain man who had never walked, but was lame from his mo- 
ther's womb, and who sat begging at the door of the shrine, j 
came in at that moment with the multitude, crawling upon his 
hands and knees and dragging his feet 10 after him. And he j 
crawled in among the feet of the people 11 until he came to the 



i B ayiNi MMoq ETTKA^I. 2 

3 B oynEpuMoy XNAOJXEMXOM. * B sy&po)<])Hpi. 

& B A(fNE NNOg. 6 B MTTlpCDMl. ' B MTTO)(D1. 

s I. e., 'the kiss of peace', referring to the words do~iraaib|ue0a d\\r|\ou<; Iv 
qn\r)|uaTi &Yiiy Romans xvi, 16. 9 B HVOt. 

10 B NEq(j)AT. 11 B NENtfAAAyX NENO)AAE NNlpCDMl. 



THE SECOND MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOBGE. 247 

.n who was possessed of a devil. And the man who was 
possessed of a devil put out his hand and took hold of the neck 
of the lame man and drew it to him, wishing to take it in his 

nd, 1 and his legs gave a loud crack and became straight im- 
m idiately. Then the people 2 took away his neck out of the 
ti;,nds of him that was possessed of a devil, 3 wishing to set him 
fne, and said, "Go forth and depart," and he arose and stood [n 
up trembling, 4 and his legs gained strength, and he went forth 
and departed. 5 And those who knew him ran out after him, but 
no one could catch him until he came outside the courtyard of 
the shrine. Then the Bishop commanded them to bring him, and 
the man who was possessed of a devil said, "Forgive me, holy 
father, and I will tell thee what I have seen. From my youth 6 
up I have been possessed of a devil until to-day, but I never 
saw him with my eyes except to-day, when, as he was coming 
to me, 7 I saw fire before me, and I was frightened 8 and fell 
down on the ground, and I knew nothing until the devil had 
gone out from me. When the people came to lift me up, it came 
to pass that [the devil] came to me when I was senseless, and I 
saw Saint George come in by the altar, and he took hold of my 
hands and, comforted me, and I then saw with my eyes that devil * 
before me in the form of a man, and Saint George inflicted great 
sufferings upon him. And he took him and dragged him up to 
the top of the pillar, and he inflicted sufferings upon him, and 
at last the devil cried out with a loud noise, and swore an oath 
Haying, "I will go out of this man and never return to him 
again." Then I 9 saw Saint George take hold of him, and lift 
him up to the top of the pillar, and throw him down upon the 



* B AyccoK Fpoooy EyoyoDO) oAq. 2 B 

s B NTOTq MTTlpCDMl ETOl fo&EMODN. 

* B bFN oyujeopTFp Aqogi FpArq. B FpATq 

G B ICXEN TAMETKOyXl Oy&FMGDN EXODl. 

7 B t>EN NABAA ENF3 EBuA E(j)OOy AqO)ANNOyi El 

s B NO)AtO)00pTEp. 9 B AMOK &E. 



248 THE SECOND MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

i] pavement, and the devil uttered a loud cry through his nostrils, 
and came out, and departed. And I knew that I was relieved 
in my body, and I fell asleep and slumbered, and saw nothing 
until this lame man looked upon me. When I opened my eyes 
I saw Saint George holding 1 my hands, and embracing the neck 2 
of the lame man, and he beckoned to me, saying, 'Hold him 
tightly.' And I held his neck and pulled, and Saint George 
held his legs and pulled, and his legs 3 gave forth a loud noise; 
and Saint George let go 4 his legs and beckoned to me r> to let 
go his neck, and the man rose up and went away running; and 
Saint George went up to heaven, and I looked after him." When 
the Bishop and the multitude 6 who were standing round about 
him heard these things, they marvelled with a great astonishment, 
and glorified God and Saint George, saying, "Great are the 
mighty deeds and favours which 7 God works through him." And 
the men who were healed became 8 servants of the shrine of 
Saint George, and served him there day and night until the day 
of their death. And multitudes of men and women and children 
who were sick with divers diseases, and fevers, and burnings, and 
unclean spirits, were healed that day in the shrine of Saint 
George in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 



[52] The third miracle of Saint George the holy martyr of 

Jesus Christ? 

And it came to pass that when the holy Bishop went into 
Jerusalem with all those 10 that were with him. they spake of the 
signs and miracles which had happened through Saint Georg6 
in the midst of the people. And behold a certain Jew, who 



1 B EqAMOM. 2 B E<J)MOy. 3 B A NEq(|)AT 

* B AqXAy. 5 B NOyBHl. c B TTIMHO) TAp. 

v B EpE. B EyOl MBCOK t>EN nTOnOC. 

9 B has E90yAB instead of NTE 1HC HXC. 
10 B EG NEMAq 



THE THIRD MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 249 

-was a sorcerer and a thief, and who made men fall asleep by 
h s enchantments l while he stole their goods, heard of the mighty 
d3eds and miracles which Saint George wrought, but believed 
them not. And he said to the multitudes, "The Christians err 
in praying to this earthly being like ourselves, saying, 'Help us, 
'and heal our sicknesses';" and many Christians strove with this 
Dtan often, but he continued his great blasphemies after this 
manner. Now a certain feeble-hearted Christian heard 2 him, 
and he was very angry and rose up to contend with him, saying, 
'God will not allow thee to despise His holy martyr thus, and 
ttie saint will revenge himself upon thee and blot thee out;" and 
they cursed 3 each other with many curses. After these things 
the Jew answered and said, "Come now and lay a wager 4 with 
rae, I will go into the shrine, and will plunder it and bring out 5 
its possessions here without any one knowing it, and I will see 
what George will do to me." The Christian answered and said, [53] 
t; Lay a wager with me for three pounds in gold. If thou carriest 
off anything from the shrine of Saint George and bringest it 
here, we will go into the shrine and make enquiries that we 
may know of a truth if thou hast carried off anything from the 
shrine. Then if thou work a month without any evil befalling 
thee, 6 I will believe thee and will give thee three pounds in gold; 
but if thou art not able to steal anything from the shrine, and 
some evil befall thee, thou shalt give me three pounds in gold, and 
shalt become a Christian." So the matter was thus arranged 
between them, and they procured witnesses. 7 Then the man who 
was a sorcerer arose and went into the shrine, and stole some 
things, and he came out while all were sleeping, and no one knew 
of the theft; and when he had come outside of the outer door 
of the shrine, 8 he spake within himself, saying, "Be ashamed 

i B NpEqEpglKH. 2 B MTTAlpH'f- AqCCOTEM. 

3 B Ayt NgANNlO)^ 140)0)0). 4 B XA AOyCD. 

5 B EFTAIMA. 6 B TTETO)OY O)O>m MMOK. 

7 B NWMETpE. s B ETCABOA NTE TTITOTTOC. 

32 



250 THE TRIED MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

now, Saint George, together with the man who laid a wager 
with me." And he took counsel with himself as he went along 
saying, "I will sell these things for much money, and I wil 
demand the three pounds in gold from the Christian, and I wil 
make him forsake his faith and deny his baptism, and I shal 
see what this dead man George will do unto me." Now as he 
was pondering these things going along, behold the valiant martyr 
Saint George came to him in the guise of a soldier, holding a 
large ox-hide leather whip in his hand, and he said to the man 
[54] "My brother, what art thou carrying? 1 show 2 me." And the 
Jew was astonished and said, "Friend, I will hide nothing from 
thee. I have stolen a few things, and since God has led thee across 
my path, 3 come, take thy portion with me that thou mayest tel 
no man." Saint George said to him, "Since it is thus, come 
let us go into the shrine and divide the thing between us as 
thou sayest." When he had come to the door of the shrine, Sainl 
George gave him a blow on the head with the whip, saying 
"Dost thou know who I am?" And the thief said to him, "Nay 
master, I am dead, I am dead, I know not who thou art." Saint 
George said to him, "I am George;" and when the thief heard 
this he trembled 4 and fell down upon the ground. Then Sainl 
George took hold of him and dragged him along saying, "Why 
sayest 5 thou, 'I am dead, I am dead,' when thou art not dead? 
and now come hither and I will make thee to know who I am." 
Then Saint George bound 6 him in the shrine, and tied the things 
which he had stolen to him, 7 and suspended him from a beam 
at the height of three cubits from the ground, and he gave him 
severe lashes with the whip 8 which he held in hand. what a 
number of miracles took place at that time ! and what a number 
of cries did the thief utter! And all those who were asleep woke 



i B FTTAlHOyT. 2 Read NTAypFA XH. 

3 B Fhoyw et>pm. < B Aqcyeoprpp Aq^et sbpm 

5 B KXO) HMOC. 6 Read AqCONgq with B. 

i B Ni>HTC AqiU)l. 8 B TTIMAKAABI. 



THE THIED MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 251 

up, 1 and arose, and came to him wondering what had taken 
p'ace. And they asked one another, saying, "Who has suspended 
lis man?" and they said, "Who could have reached up as far [55] 
a; this from the ground?" and the thief confessed what he had 
djne, and told every one what had happened to him. And they 
D arvelled and said, "Let us fetch a ladder and let him down," hut 
t le steward answered, "As God liveth, no one shall let him down 
until he that suspended him let him down;" so they left him 
tied up thus until it was morning, that everyone might see him. 
And the thief confessed that he had laid a wager 2 with a Christian 
in Jerusalem, and he cried out, "0 George my master, have 
mercy upon me and I will never put forth my hand to steal 
again from any man from this hour, but I will henceforth become 
& Christian, and I will never return 3 to the working of magic 
as of old;" and he wept 4 the whole of that day, being suspended 
from the beam, until the morning came and everyone saw him. 
When Saint, George saw the fixedness of his intention, he had 
compassion upon him, and came in the night and let him down; 
and the thief gave the things that he had stolen 5 to the steward. 
And it came to pass that on the morrow he wrote a letter and 
sent it by the hands of a servant of the shrine to his wife and 
relatives in Jerusalem, and told them what had happened 6 to 
him. He wished moreover to become a Christian, but shame 
would not allow him to enter Jerusalem. When his relatives 
had received and read the letter, they marvelled at the mighty 
things which had happened through Saint George. And when the 
Christian who had laid a wager with him heard it, he rejoiced [56] 
greatly, and went 7 and announced in all Jerusalem what had 
happened to the Jew in the shrine of Saint George ; and all who 
heard glorified 8 God. And his wife and children and all his 



Read pCJDlC with B. *E MrTAlpH' FTAqXAOyO). 

B ^NAKOT. 4 B NAqplMl. B omits FTOTq 

B FTAqU)a>TTl. v B omits FMAtt)(D AqHO)O)l 

B 



252 THE FOURTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

neighbours and a multitude of Jews l arose and came to him, and 
he told them everything that had happened to him, and they all 
feared greatly, and were baptized on that day in the shrine of 
Saint George in the name of the Father and the Son and the 
Holy Ghost; and they glorified God for ever. 



The fourth miracle of Saint George the holy martyr. 2 

Now the name of Saint George and the report that he 
wrought mighty deeds and signs, and miracles, and cures, and 
that he cast out devils spread abroad everywhere. And there 
was a certain man in the land of the Persians, called Nicanor, 
who was ruler over the third part of the Persians, and he had 
a son called Anatolius, whose body and face 3 were covered with 
leprosy. And when he heard of the mighty deeds and miracles 
which God wrought by the hand of Saint George, he cried out 
with a cry, saying, "If God and Saint George heal the leprosy 
[57] on the face of my son, I will dedicate a hundred pounds of gold 4 
to the shrine of Saint George and I and all my house will become 
Christians." And it came to pass that when he had thus vowed 
he rose up on the morning of the morrow 5 and the face of his son 
was healed, and there was no trace of leprosy in it. When 
Nicanor the ruler of the Persians saw this great miracle which had 
taken place in his son, he rose up and took the gifts which he 
had vowed, and much money, and Anatolius his son and his 
brethren and the multitudes of Persians who came with him, and 
they rose up and embarked in ships and came to the shrine 6 of 
Saint George, and they washed his son in the bath and anointed 



i B NTS NUOyAAl. 2 B adds niMApTypQC 

3 B gANKeoycw JSFN neqgo. 

4 Arab. -x^b> ^Ik^s. For an account of the word 

or KOyNT INAplON, Gr. xevrrivdpiov, Centenarium, see Du Cange, Glossa- 
rium Med. et Infim. Graecitas, I, p. 634. 

5 B MTTECACl-. B MTTTOTTOC. 



THE FIFTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 253 

hi n with the oil in the lamp, and his whole body was healed 
st -aightway. And he made his gift, and was baptized with those 
fpho were with him in the name 1 of the Father and the Son and 
'tlie Holy Spirit, and they glorified God and Saint George for 
tl e favour which had happened to them. And it came to pass 
tl at when they came to their own land they built a large church, 
and called it by the name of Saint George; and they sent to 
A ntioch and brought the God-loving Bishop, and he consecrated 
tl'c church in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the 
Boly Ghost and Saint George. And a multitude of Persians 
received holy baptism on that day, men, women, and children. 
When many of them that were sick saw the young man that had 
been healed of his leprosy in the shrine of Saint George, they 
believed, and went into the shrine, and were healed straightway; [58] 
and they glorified God and Saint George for ever. 



Theffth miracle of Saint George' 2 the holy martyr. 

Now there were two Samaritans who were partners in business, 
and they wanted to buy 3 one hundred pounds worth of merchan- 
dise. And they rose up and saddled their asses, and took their 
money with them, and they mounted them wishing to go into 
Damascus to buy their merchandise. And while they were travelling 
along the road and were talking with each other about the 
aiighty deeds and miracles which 4 Saint George wrought, the 
night fell upon them. And it came to pass that while they were 
talking and were yet two or three miles from the town 5 , behold 
there came forth against them out of the wood, 6 two hungry, 
roaring and ravening lions, as it is written, "He maketh darkness 7 , 
and it is night in which all the beasts of the earth go about. 



i B fc>PN <J)pAN. 2 B adds TTlMApTypOC 

3 B Eytfl'f. 4 B PpF. s B eoy^l 
e B miAg. 7 B AKXO) NOyXAKl. 



254 THE FIFTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

The young lions roar 1 and raven and seek after their food. "2 
When the asses saw the wild beasts which were coming out against 
them, they ran away terror-stricken, and the men fell down off 
them half dead with fright. 3 And the wild beasts stood still near 
the men wishing to devour them, but they did not pursue the 
animals, neither did they come up to the men; and they stood 
still near them and glared (?) upon them. Then the men spake 4 
with one another, saying, "If God and Saint George deliver us 
from the mouths of these wild beasts we will give this hundred 5 
pounds in gold to Saint George's shrine, and become Christians. 7 ' 
[59] And it came to pass that when they had thus vowed their vow to 
God, that the Good God, who desires the salvation of all men, and 
who made the lions to be at peace with Daniel the prophet, in- 
clined the hearts of these two lions, and they bowed down their 
heads, and turned into the woods' 5 and departed. And the men 
whose minds had thus been quieted knew that it was Saint George 7 
who had vouchsafed to them this gift, and they glorified God and 
His holy 8 martyr. When they had gone along the road a little 
they found their asses grazing and unharmed, and they got upon 
them and came into the town; and they spake with each other 
and with the people of everything which had happened to them. 
And every one who heard marvelled at the mighty deeds and 
miracles of Saint George ; and the men of the city spake to them, 
saying, "These wild beasts have destroyed several 9 men, and 
multitudes of animals 10 of this district, but glory be to Saint 
George who hath delivered 11 you from this wrath." After these 
things the two merchants took counsel with each other, saying, 
"What we have vowed to the shrine 12 of Saint George let us 



i B ANMAC MMOyt FygOKFp. 2 p sa i m c i v . 20. 

3 B AyFp(j)AO)Moy oyo# A mewpioN 031 FpAroy 

CAnO)0)l MMODOy EN Ay Oy 0>0) FOyOOM NNlpCOMt. 

4 B FyCAXt. 5 B MI7AI p. e B F^OyN t>FN TTUA. 

7 B TFODpriOC TF- B TTlMApTypOC. 9 B ANMHO). 
10 B NTFBNH. 11 B TTFTAC|NAj2FM. 12 B MTTTOTTOC. 



THE FIFTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOR< 255 

ipe -form as a thanksgiving to the glory of God, and let us be- 
ico ne Christians 1 in very truth and not turn back. 2 And as we 
la ?e come so far let us go into Damascus, and buy our merchan- 
di i e, that we may make a little profit wherewith to make a requital." 
"When they had come to Damascus they saw some precious 
jstones called diamonds which they bought 3 for one hundred 
|p( unds in gold; and when they came into Jerusalem they sold [GO] 
them for two hundred pounds in gold before they reached their 
native city in Samaria. 4 Then the men spake with each other 
saying, "Thanks be to God that Saint George hath considered 
sus worthy of this great favour." And it came to pass that when 
they had come into their city 5 they told their kinsfolk and all 
the people of the mighty deeds and miracles which God had done 
to them. And they arose and took the hundred pounds in gold 
which they had vowed to give to the shrine of Saint George/- 
and they proclaimed throughout the whole city, saying, "Let him 
that loveth God come into the shrine of Saint George with us ;" 
and numbers of men and women in Samaria came forth with 
them. When they had come into the holy shrine they gave in 
their gift and saw the mighty miracles, and the many cures of the 
sick, and the many devils 7 which were cast out, and they all rose 8 
up and received baptism in the name 9 of the Father and the 
Son and the Holy Spirit. And one hundred and fifty-three souls 
became Christians 10 that day in the shrine of Saint George in 
peace of God, Amen. 



B NOyXpHCTlANOC. 
2 B MTTFNepFNTACOO F<J)AO OCON. 3 B AyO)OTT. 

4 B FTOyBAl (sic) NTCAHAplA. 5 B F 

e B TFGDpriOC NFMAN OyOg Aygl^l^)- 
7 B NkFMGON t NAqglOyi MMCDOy. 

B AyTGuoyNoy AF. 9 B H<J>pAN. 

10 B NXpHCTlANOC XF. 



256 THE SIXTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

The sixth miracle of Saint George the holy martyr 1 of 
Jesus Christ. 

Now there was a certain Christian 2 in Jerusalem whose name 
[61] was Zogrator, 3 and he had a son who was a lunatic, and he 
himself was gouty; 4 and the man was very rich, 5 and had much 
wealth in gold 6 and silver and many herds of cattle. And it 
came to pass that when he heard 7 of the mighty deeds and 
miracles of Saint George, he vowed 8 a vow, saying, "If God and 
Saint George heal my feet and legs of this disease, I will give 
in return to his shrine, three meals and three pints of wine, 
every month. And if I can walk freely with my feet and can 
go along upon them by the twenty-third day of Pharmuthi, which 
is his great day, I will walk upon my legs to his shrine and will 
give one hundred pounds of gold to it." And when he had thus 
vowed, his legs 9 became smaller (?) little by little, 10 and his body 
became easier, and at the end of the appointed days he walked, 
and went into his house and into the church, and he prayed to 
God, saying, "I thank thee, God of Saint George," and after 
two days his whole body was healed. When the day of the holy 
martyr, which is the twenty-third of Pharmuthi, drew near, he 
made ready everything which he would take with him, and his 
servants came to him, saying, " What animal shall we make ready 
for thee to ride?" 11 Zogrator answered and said, "As God liveth, 
I will walk on my* legs from Jerusalem 12 to the shrine of Saint 
[62] George the holy martyr." Then they arose and went to the shrine of 
Saint George, and they found so great multitudes gathered together 
there marvelling at the mighty deeds and graces of healing which 



i B adds SeoyAB. 2 B OypOOMl AH NXpHXTlANOC. 

s B 0>rpATHp. 4 B NATTOTAKpHC. 

s B FMAO)0) TIE. G B OyNOyB. ? B EqCCDTFM. 

s B MMOq 0)q. 9 B NEq^A'h 

10 B Noynoyxi Noynoyxi. " B NTFKAAHI upoq. 

12 B read 



THE SIXTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 



257 



had taken place through Saint George, that Zogrator 1 marvelled 
w.ien he saw the mighty miracles and the healings which took 
p ace through Saint George, and he gave his gift to the shrine 
readily. And it came to pass that when the steward saw the 
n arvellously great gifts which Zogrator gave, he took him into 
his house for two months, and he ate and drank with him joy- 
fully. On the third day 2 , by the good favour of God, the son 
of Zogrator arose and came to learn what had happened to his 
father, for he and those who had gone with him to the festival 3 
had not returned. Now Zogrator was within, 4 talking to the 
steward of his son, saying, "I have a son possessed of an exceeding 
wicked devil who inflicts 5 such great sufferings upon him 6 that 
it has been said many times, 'It would be better for him to be 
dead 7 rather than live 8 and suffer such tortures as these.' If 
God and Saint George heal him by this time next year, I will 
bring him 9 to thee, and I will come hither to thee and will give 
greater gifts than these to his shrine." The steward said to him, 
t; Dost thou believe that God is able to do everything?" [and 
Zogrator answered,] "I believe that the saints receive 10 every- 
thing which 11 they ask for, *and that nothing is too hard for them 12 
[to do] in God's name. 13 Moreover, it is written in the Gospel 
of John, 'Whosoever believeth on me shall himself do greater 
works than these that I do'." 14 And it came to pass that while 
they were talking to one another, behold the son of Zogrator [63] 
and a number of servants came up riding upon horses, and stood 
by the door of the shrine, and he enquired for his father and 



i B zcorpATwp EqNAy ENiNioH". 2 B {SEN nife^ooy &E. 

3 B ETEMTTEq0)A NGOq NEM NHETAygO)A F1TIU)AI. 
* B CABOA. s B Ayf. G Read NAq TON A? with B. 

7 B EepEqMoy. s B EqoNix 

9 B 'f-NAENC NAK NTAl O)ApOK HAIHA NTA+NgANNlO)^ 
10 B TETENNAtflTOy. n B ETE EpF. 

12 B NTEN8HNOy. is B FTApAN. 

14 B E'tipl. John xiv. 12. 

33 



258 THE SIXTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

found that he was with the steward; and he came to his father, 
and they spake with one another. And while they were talking 
with one another, behold the devil came into the boy suddenly, 
and tare him for a long time, and he foamed at the mouth, and 
the devil rose up and cried out with a loud voice, 1 saying, "What 
hast thou to do with me, George? and why dost thou trouble 
me so much? 2 By Hercules, 3 I am a lunatic, and no one shall 
cast me out." And he uttered great blasphemies, saying, "By 
Hercules, thou shalt not cast me out, O George." Then Saint 
George smote him with severe smitings, 4 and again the devil 
cried out loud cries, saying, "0 George, thou makest me suffer, ' r 
and he sware mighty oaths, saying, "If thou wilt allow me to 
come forth I will never return 5 to him again." And when the 
devil 6 had cast him down in the midst he came out from him, 
and never returned^ to him again ; thus he was healed immediately. 
When Zogrator saw that the devil had come out of his son, he 
gave many gifts to the shrine of Saint George, and returned thanks 
to God. 7 And he came to the shrine every year on Saint George's 
day 8 , and made 9 a great feast to the poor and the widows and 
the orphans, and his son stood by ' them with joy; and they 
glorified 10 God and Saint George 11 until the day of his death. 



The seventh miracle of Saint George 1 * the holy martyr. 

[64] And it came to pass that when the servants of the shrine of Saint 
George 13 had increased, the steward made them go out to collect and 



i B adds FCXOD MMOC. 2 B NHl ENAU). 

3 "For other instances of the use of this interjection see Hyvernat, Les 
Actes des Martyrs de I'figypte, pp. 35, 106. 

4 B NO)AU)l. s B ^NAKOT. B TTlkFMCDN !\F. 

7 B NTorq cj)^. s B ne^ooy. 9 B o^ATpqtpi. 
10 B Eytcwoy. n B rFoopnoc FTTFgooy NTF neqMoy. 

12 B adds niMApTypOC FGOyAB. 

13 B omits HTTlArtOC TFODprtOC. 



THE SEVENTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 259 

|ga 1 her in the first-fruits and gifts which were given to the holy 
Rshrine 1 of Saint George. Moreover, many people in the country 
jyo ,ved 2 and dedicated their sons and daughters 3 and cattle to 4 
Kb : shrine of Saint George, because of the mighty deeds and 
[miracles which he wrought, and many barren women bore children 
laf er they had vowed cattle to the shrine. Whenever, too, a 
1st' >rm broke upon many ships at sea, so that they were suddenly 
in great danger, 5 and the sailors cried out to God and Saint 
George, saying, "Help us," straightway 6 the help of God strengthen- 
ed them speedily and saved 7 their ship until they arrived in 
h^ven. And much cattle which had been vowed, but had not 
tK'en given by their masters to Saint George's shrine, went of 
i their own accord 8 until they came and entered into the shrine. 
;But why should I mention the beasts which went of their own 
accord into the shrine, and omit the mighty miracles of soulless 
p:eces of wood, and stones, and books, and pieces of gold which 
travelled through the air like birds until they came into the 
shrine of Saint George by the help 9 of the living God? If a 
ship 10 were in danger and pieces of wood, or writings, or pieces 
of gold, and other things were cast out of it into the sea in faith [65] 
in the name of Saint George, they would travel of their own 
accord through the air, until they came into the shrine. Now 
many people believed in the mighty deeds and the many miracles 
but a few did not. 11 And one of the servants 12 of the shrine rose 
up and stole some of the property of the shrine, and took it into 
his house, and the holy martyr bore with him until the end of 
tive years, saying, "Peradventure he will repent 13 of his sins, and 



i B EniTOTTOC. 2 B OyMHO) (00). 3 B 

4 B EboyN ETTTOrTOC. 5 B NTOyEpKyNklNEyiN- 

6 B bpN toyNoy EToyNAcoo) EBoA XE (Jrf- NEM niXnoc 

rEOOpriOC AplBOHGlN EpON t>EN ^OyNOy. 

17 B TTOyXGl CEMN1. s B omits O)ApE WTEBNCDOyi MOO)l. 
9 B t>lTEN fBOHGIA. 10 B ApEO)AN 

11 B NATNA r K 12 B TTIBCDK. 

13 B qNAEpMETANOlN Epm. 



260 THE SEVENTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

I will forgive him;" but he did not cease to steal, and he acted 1 
in this wise: everything that was given to him to take to the 
shrine, he took home to his wife like Judas, who when he stole 
from the Saviour out of the bag, took home to his wicked wife 
everything which had been given to the Saviour, Who put it into 
the bag 2 in the hands of Judas; 3 even so did the servant steal 
and give to his wicked wife. 4 It was on account of his wife that 
great temptation came upon 5 Judas, and made him hang himself, 
for when God had set them apart for apostleship, all the Apostles, 
except Judas, forsook their houses, and wives, and children, and 
followed after the Son of the living God. Judas alone did not 
follow after his God, but lived with his wife, and was impure with 
[66] her, and for this reason the devil found a resting place 6 within 
him until he made him an alien from God." And thus shall it 
happen to all who hearken unto their wicked wives until they 
make them aliens from God 7 who created them. Now this man 
who was a servant of the shrine 8 of Saint George and to whom 
things were given as to all his other fellow 9 servants, used to 
take them into his house, and did not cease to steal the property 
of the shrine. After these things the holy martyr put a very 
wicked devil in him, and inflicted great sufferings upon him day 
and night. And the devil brought him into the church 10 and 
spake from within him, saying, "I have taken much property 11 



i B omits eqipK 2 B TTirAoCOKOMCDN. 

3 According to tradition Judas married his mother, who had cast him 
away when a baby to perish, without knowing it. See Migne, Diet, des Legendes, 
col. 719. The Apostle Paul saw Judas in hell and held a conversation with 
him, and Judas made a confession to him. See the translation of the Coptic 
text published by Dulaurier in his fragment des revelations apocryphes de 
Saint Paul, Paris, 1835. 

4 B NTFqCj3lMt. & Eead TAOq. 

e B mMABoAoc XFMXOM oyo Nbwrq. 

7 B Mtjrf'. 8 B MTTTOTTOC. * B NNFqO)(j)Fp. 

10 B FTTITOTTOC. 

11 B NOyMHO) NEM ENXAl NTE TTAtTOnOC 



THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 



261 



of the shrine iiito my house, go ye into it, and ye will find it 
there;" and they went and found it there. And after he had 
suffered 1 thus for two months Saint George had compassion upon 
him, and healed him, and the steward cast him forth from the 
si rine ; and all who heard of it glorified God and Saint George. 



The eighth miracle of Saint George 2 the holy martyr. 

There was a certain rich man in Antioch whose name was 
logios; 3 and he had a ship which went to sea, 4 and he was 
jupied in great business. And he was a kind man, and gave 

it charities to the poor and the infirm, and he gave gifts and [67] 
5t-fruits to every church 5 in his city Antioch, 6 and he made 
great feast to all the clergy of his city twice a year, and he ate 
drank frequently with the Archbishop, and prayed to God 
ilways; moreover, he visited the prisons, and was very rich. And 
frequented the shrine 7 of Saint George, and went there on 
;he greats day of his festival, which is the twenty-third of Phar- 
d, and he prayed there, 9 and gave money 10 to the shrine, and 
ate and drank with the steward, and returned to his house 
peace. And it came to pass that when he had done thus for 
jive years, the devil, who is the enemy 11 of every one that be- 
jves on Christ, was envious of him because of the kind deeds 
which he wrought, and raised up a great black darkness 12 on the 
sea, and a storm. Now the ship of Eulogios was keeping close 



i B ABOT &E B. 2 B adds TUMApTypOC EGOyAB. 

3 B EyAoriCMOC. 4 B EqEp0>TTT. 

5 B NEM EKKAWCIA. Read ANTIOXIA. 

* B EqTAAE TTTOTTOC EqgwA ON. s B EnAlNlO)^. 

9 B NAqo^AnA TTE fc>EN TiiTonoc oyog NTEq'f NoyeEp- 

ICl. 10 Also spelt GEpNHCl. See Zoega, Catalogus, 625, note 9. 

11 B NXAXl NOyON. 

12 B NoyrNO(|)oc NXAKI NoyxiMCDN fc>EN (JMOM. 



262 THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 

to the shore, for the sailors feared to put out to sea lest it should 
be destroyed under them, and they rose up and brought the 
merchandise and all their necessary 1 clothing to land; and they 
passed the whole night sorrowfully while the wind carried away 
the ship, and they knew not where it had gone. When the morn- 
ing had come, they tired themselves out in seeking for the ship 
of Eulogios, but they found it not, and they came and told him 
everything that had happened; and he and his wife wept and 
were sorrowful. After these things they thanked God, saying, 
[68] "God's will be done, blessed be His name 2 for ever. If He 
wishes to be merciful 3 to us we will build another ship like unto 
this;" and saying these things to each other they comforted them- 
selves in God, and were strong 4 in the property which they still 
had. But behold the devil raised up for them a greater trial 
than this. Now there was a certain Egyptian who was a very 
skilful thief, and when he was sought after 5 to be put to death 
he rose up and fled, and came down to the sea, and by Satan's 
luck he found a ship about to sail to Antioch, and he went on 
board, and came thither/ and lived in the house of Eulogios. 
After he had been there a few 7 days he became a labourer for 
two years, and knew 8 everything that was in the house of Eulo- 
gios, 9 who knew not that he was a thief, 10 but trusted him. And 
the thief found two other transgressors like 11 unto himself and 
made companions of them, as the Scripture saith, "Every man 
cleaveth to him that is like unto him/' and they took counsel 
together to rob the house of Eulogios. And it came to pass 
that when the day 12 of the martyr drew near, that is to say, the 
twenty-third of Pharmuthi, Eulogios and many other people with 



1 B NANANKE ON OyO Ayi EJTlXpO. 

2 Read MApE (])pAN with B. s B OyCDU) NAEpfTlNAt. 
4 B NAyTAXpHOyT. 5 B omits &E. 

e B EMAy AqO)0)TTl &E- 7 B ANKOyXl &E. 

s B AqiNi (sic). 9 B TTiEyAonoc. 10 B oyco<fw. 

11 B MnAtpH-f. 12 B TTlEOOy. 



THE EIGHTH MIKACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 263 

lim made ready to go to the shrine. And it came to pass that 
vhile they were there, the mother-in-law of Eulogies fell sick, 1 
md, according to the will of God, died; and his wife and her 
kinsfolk went to weep for, her leaving the Egyptian alone in the 
house. Then he rose up and went quickly with his companions [69] 
1 o the house, and took them in with him, and they ate and drank, 
;ind spent the whole day 2 in robbing the house ofEulogios. And 
,hey carried off the gold and silver and all the other valuable 
things, and finding an Alexandrian ships they embarked, and 
oame to Alexandria ; and they set out all the property of Eulogios 
..n the market, and sold it for much money, and the share of 
each one amounted 4 to three -thousand pounds in gold. And it 
came to pass that when Eulogios came back from the shrine of 
Saint George, he found his wife and kinsfolk sorrowing; and they 
told him what had happened, and he grieved for many days. 
After these things he took consolation in God and glorified Him, 
saying, "God's will 5 be done." Meanwhile those 6 who had stolen 
his property went into Egypt to Peremoun, 7 and lived there; and 
one of them fell sick (?), 8 and became possessed of a devil, and 
went away, and no one knew whither he had gone. After a few 
days there was anger between the remaining two, and they quar- 
relled with each other, and at midnight the Egyptian rose up, 
and took a sword, and slew 9 his insensible companion, and took 
all the gold and went to the country of Palestine where he toiled 
in business, and ate and drank with the money of Eulogios a long 



i Read 0)O)W. 2 B 

3 B omits ON MnAlpH^. 4 B g(D TF 

s B (j)N FTFgNAq. 6 B NAI- 

7 or Pelusium. See Champollion, 'UJ&gypte sous Us Phar'aons, ii, 83, 
361; Quatremere, Memoires sur VEgypte, i, 259. The Arabic name is 

i and the place is marked on Jacotin's great war map of Egypt. It is 
mentioned in Mahmud Key's map, but it must be near the ruins of the 
s of Tina A-s^LJl *-*id J 

8 I do not know what (l)COpT means here. 

9 B AqboOTFB MTTFqO)<j)Hp. 



264 THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

time. And Eulogies, the true Christian and his wife Eupheinia, 
[70] true to God, did not relax their offerings, and first-fruits, and > 
charities on festival days 1 which they had been wont to give to I 
the poor and the sick; and they did not cease their offerings, hut | 
continued them as formerly. And he gave away that which he ; 
had laid by, and when that had come to an end, he spent every- 
thing that he had. When the day 2 of the martyr drew nigh, 
Eulogies spake with his wife, saying, "Behold all the people of 
the city 3 are going to the shrine of Saint George, but we have 
no income\ this year to give; behold, God, may Saint George I 
look 4 upon our affliction." His God-loving wife answered and i 
said meekly to him, "I know, brother, that we have nothing, j 
and that there is none 5 to lend us anything, 6 for we are poor, 
but behold, 7 I have two garments, 8 take this good one and sell 
it for money, that our offering to the shrine may not cease." 
When Eulogies heard these things his eye filled with tears and 
they both wept. And again Eulogios spake with his wife con- 
cerning the cost and the carrying out of the journey. The blessed 
Euphemia answered and said, "0 good brother, rise up and go | 
to thy neighbours, perchance God will cause them to have com- 
passion upon thee and to lend thee the money 9 wherewith thou 
shalt be able to supply thy wants and to go to the shrine in ; 
peace. If they will not lend thee money, then give this garment 
to the people who are going to the shrine, and God's will be 
done." And Eulogios hearkened to her, and rose up and went 
[71] to a neighbour of his, and said to him, "I want to speak with 
thee on a certain matter;" and he replied, "Speak, beloved i 
brother." Eulogios said to him, "Behold the day of Saint George 



i B NFH NOyATTApXH MEM NOyEOOy. 
2 B WEgOOy. 3 B mpODMl THpOy NTE TAIBAKI. 

4 B NAy. 5 B OyO ON MMON. 

e B NATENOyT NAN XE. ? Read 

s B form NHI ETTOI guoT. 

9 B NAK tt) A meepMHCl NTE TAtO)9HN 



THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OP SAINT GEORGE. 265 

diaweth nigh, and I do not wish to cease this year from giving 
ihe little gift which I am accustomed to give to his shrine; but 
Hihold I have 1 nothing at all this year to give, for thou knowest 
all that has happened to me. And now, neighbour, perhaps I 
may borrow 2 some money from thee until God show me a way 
ii which I can work and make it up." And while Eulogies was 
speaking, 3 his neighbour's eyes filled with tears, and he said to 
i m, "0 good brother, why sayest thou such things as these 4 to 
me who have been thy servant until this day? and why speakest 
ihou such things as these to me about money? As God liveth, 5 
ladst thou asked me for ten pounds in gold I would have given 
;hem to thee that I might obtain the blessing 6 of the martyr. 
But behold 7 now, I have here three' pounds in gold, take them, 
and if thou needest 8 more I will give it to thee." And Eulogios 
took them and brought them to his wife, saying, "I believe on 
Grod and Saint George, and if we cast all our care upon God, 
he will have mercy upon us again." His wife said to him, "God 
bath set apart the money for thee." And he said, "Thanks be 
to God and His holy martyr 9 , for when I went to such and such 
a man and told him 10 everything, he said to me, 'If thou art in 
need 11 of more, come hither to me, and I will give thee what 
thou needest;" 12 and she rejoiced greatly, and thanked God. 
Then Eulogios rose up and embarked with those who were 
with 13 him, to go to the shrine of Saint George. And behold, [72] 
the man who had stolen the property of Eulogios meditated 
within himself, saying, "I know that I have sinned from my youth 
up, without counting the great sin which I committed when I 



i Read NTOTFN AN. 2 B MTTOyO)ATT. 

3 B gOCON NAqCAXl. ^ B foNAl HH ANKFOyON, 

s B qONt> &F. 6 B lNk NTF TTCMOy. 

7 B 1C HniTF. s B AKO^ANFpNXplA. 

9 B TTFqMApTypOC. 10 B AqTAMOq. 

11 B NTFKFpNXptA. 12 B MTTFTFKFpXplA. 

13 B omits FONFMAq. 

34 



266 THE EIGHTH MIEACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

rose up against my neighbour and slew him craftily, and I shall 
suffer everlasting punishment for the sake of the things belonging 
to other people. Behold now 1 the day of the martyr draweth 
nigh, I will arise and go to his shrine, and will pray there and 
make a small offering that peradventure he may receive me 
favourably before God, and show mercy to my miserable soul." 
And it came to pass that when Eulogios came to the shrine 
of Saint 2 George he with those who were with him, prayed; 
and they came to the steward and handed in their gifts to him. 
And the steward knew Eulogios from his being accustomed to 
come to the shrine year by year, and he ate and 3 drank with 
him. When it was morning they came into the shrine and prayed, 
and they stood up until the service (o6vic) was ended, and 
Eulogios and his fellow citizens came out and walked to the 
market place. And behold the Egyptian who had robbed the 
house of Eulogios came in through the door of the shrine dressed 4 
in the dress 5 of Eulogios with the money tied up in it; and they 
knew him immediately and ran upon him and laid hold of him, 
for he wished to flee away. Then they bound him and carried 
[73] him to the steward, who said to him, "What hast thou done 
with the things thou hast stolen?" and he said, "I have stolen 
nothing. my master Eulogios, thou knowest 6 that I served 
thee for two years, and that I never stole anything from thy 7 
house; and this dress (?) is one which I bought in 8 the market." 
The steward said ^ to him, "If thou wilt come in with me to 
the altar of Saint George, and wilt swear to me in the name of 
God and Saint George, saying, 'I have not stolen', 9 thou shalt 
depart." And the thief was glad that he was going to escape, 
and he cried out, saying, "I will swear wherever thou pleasest, 



i B ^NOy XE. 2 B MTTlXriOC. 

s B omits OyO. * B TOl FXO)q. 

5 B KACOyAA' I do not know the exact meaning of this word. 

e B coooyN- 7 B nuqm. 
9 B AN ne FTAtKoAnoy. 



THE EIGHTH MIEACLE OF SAINT GEOBGE. 267 

and in whatever manner thou pleasest;" and the steward took him 
[:n] that he might ta.ke the oath. And the steward said, ". . . . 

[ .............. this man chooseth death rather than life. For 

j] say unto you that when a man takes an oath 1 it is received 
ii the presence of God before he can smite 2 the earth thrice with 
Ids foot. As for me, Saint 3 George has already told me in a 
dream during the past night, saying, 4 'They will bring to thee 
1 o-morrow a man who has stolen what belongs to me, do not let 
him go, but punish him until he gives up to thee everything that 
he has stolen'; but I did not understand the vision 5 until this 
:noment." And he commanded two new whips to be brought 6 
ix) him, and when they were brought they beat the Egyptian with 
many stripes; but the thief kept his mouth shut and did not 7 
speak at all. Then the steward took an oath, saying, "Thou 
shalt either be beaten with these whips 8 until thou shalt die, or 
thou shalt restore the things thou hast stolen." And he com- 
manded them to strip his clothes off him, and to beat him with [74] 
many stripes ; and when they had taken off his clothes they found 
money 9 inside. They said unto him, "What are these?" and he 
cried out, saying, "Master, I have sinned/' and he admitted [his 
theft] before the multitude 10 in the shrine 11 of Saint George, and 
confessed everything that had happened to him; and when they 
had beaten him with many stripes they cast him into a dungeon, 
and they left him without food 12 and water to die. When Eulo- 
gios had received the money he gave 13 sixty pounds in gold to 
the shrine, and made a great feast to the poor and the sick, and 
he rejoiced, and thanked God and Saint George who worked 
dghty deeds and miracles. Now the money which they had 



i B AqNAODpK. 2 B TTlpCDMl + f . SB MHlAriOC. 

4 B NNHETAqKOAnoy THpOy. 5 B MTUOpOMA. 

B AqEpnsAEyiN Eyiw NA( ] MMAKAABI. 

7 B NAqCAXl AN. 8 B TTEKCODMA NAC MTTAIMAKAABI. 

9 B MTTlNOyB. 1 B MTTIMHO). " B MTTITOTTOC MEM. 

12 B NAOOyCUM. is B 



268 THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

found with the thief amounted to more than five thousand pounds 
in gold. After these things Eulogios besought the steward and 
the man was set free, 1 and Eulogios gave him three pounds in 
gold and the dress which he had worn, and sent him away in 
peace. When the man saw the compassion of Eulogios and the 
mighty deeds and miracles of Saint George, how that he had told 
the steward [about him] in a dream, he gave the three pounds 
in gold to the shrine of Saint 2 George, and ministered unto the 
sick until the day of his death; and Saint George received him 
favourably and forgave him his sins. 

After these things Saint George appeared to Eulogios by 
night, and said to him, "God hath heard thy prayer and hath 
accepted thy alms, saying, 'I know of thy charity to the poor 
[75] and the sick, and I will show mercy unto thee in this world and 
in that which is to come'. 3 When thou shalt wish to return to 
thy house thou shalt find another ship, greater than thine which 
was lost, laden with stores 4 and wood; take it to thy city that 
thou mayest build 5 a shrine in my name, and I will bless thee, 
and thou shalt lack no good thing during thy life." And it 
came to pass that when it was light Eulogios told the people 
everything that Saint George had told him during the night, and 
they marvelled greatly; and they embarked in their ship and 
sailed to Antioch. And behold Saint George brought the ship 
of Eulogios to meet them laden with cypress wood and many 
good things. And Eulogios and those that were with him knew 
it, and they rose up and went up into it rejoicing, and they 
brought the ship to Antioch, and told the whole city; and when 
the people heard it they glorified God and Saint George. Then 
Eulogios gave great charities to the poor and the sick and the 
orphans on the day of Saint George, and his prayers and offer- 
ings and first-fruits continued in the church always. And he 
built a glorious shrine in the name of Saint George the holy 
martyr, and he and his wife and children ministered therein 



B aqxco. 2 B MmXnoc. 3 B 

B'NPM 6HKW. 5 A break occurs in B here. 



THE NINTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 



269 



urtil the day of his death. And Saint George received him 
fa /ouarbly before God, who made him a partaker in the heavenly 
Jerusalem, the place which he desired greatly, and he kept the 
festival with all the saints. 



An< 



The ninth miracle of Saint George. 



[76] 



id it came to pass during the reign of Diocletian the 
iwless idolater who destroyed the whole earth, that there was 
certain general under his authority whose name was Euchios; 
ad he was savage in appearance and of an exceeding wicked 
lisposition. And the emperor Diocletian appointed him three 
msand soldiers, and sent them into Egypt to overthrow the 
lurches and to build temples to polluted idols in every place, 
len this man had come into the country of Egypt he appointed 
governors in every city and counts and dukes, and commanded 
jm to bind all the Christians throughout their dominions; and 
i.e inflicted great punishments and fearful tortures upon them, 
id finally cut off their heads with the sword; and they became 
rtyrs and died for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. And 
sent an edict throughout the whole land 1 of Egypt, and all 
le churches were overthrown, and temples of idols were built, 
id devils worshipped in them. 

After all these things it came to pass that the Good God 
lembered all the evil which the impious emperor Diocletian 
had wrought, and the innocent blood of the saints, the holy mar- 
tyrs which he had poured out. And when- his end drew nigh, 
he called to Euchios the general, and said to him, "I know that [77] 
thou art a prudent man, and that thou dost perform the decrees 
and commands of the emperors. Rise up now and take soldiers 
and the edict of the emperor to help thee, and depart quickly 
into Syria of Palestine, and go first to the shrine of him that is 
called George, and overthrow it to its very foundations. For I 
cannot bear to hear tell of the mighty deeds of magic which are 



Read KAg. 



270 THE NINTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

wrought 1 in the name of him whose head Dadianus the Persian 
cut off several years ago. And the Christians have built a shrine 
to his name, and they perform mighty deeds and signs by works 
of magic so that his name may be magnified in all the land, and 
many people have forsaken the glorious gods and follow after 
the mighty deeds of that man, and become Christians." So 
Euchios the general made obeisance to the emperor and took 
the edict, and the emperor appointed him three thousand soldiers 
and sent them to Syria, 2 and commanded him, saying, "Thou 
shalt first destroy the shrine of Saint 3 George. Then thou shalt 
pull down all the churches and 4 bind all the Christians and cast 5 
them into prison. And thou shalt punish them and inflict fearful 6 
sufferings upon them, and thou shalt cut off with the sword the 
heads 7 of those who will not worship our gods, 8 and shalt spare | 
them not." 9 Then the general took the soldiers with him, and, 
[78] he embarked them in ships and sailed to Syria. When they 
came to the port of Saint George, they all went quickly 10 intoj 
the city with swords, and weapons, 11 and bows and arrows 12 in] 
their hands, and the whole city was disturbed by the multitude j 
of the soldiers. And Euchios, like Holofernes 13 of old who was; 
the chief general of Nebuchadnezzar, went into the shrine of 
Saint George in great pride holding a staff in his hand, with a 



1 Read ETAy9AMia)Oy. 

2 B begins again here with the letters pi A- 

3 B MniAPlOC NO)OpTT TrAlp^f ON EKEO}OpO)Ep 
ITIMA ETEMMAy. * B omits OyOg. 

s B EKEglTOy EniO)TEKO OyO NTEKl" NCDOy. 
e B omits EyboCl OyOg. ? B EKO)Al. * B NNElNOyj". \ 
9 B HnEp^ACO EpCDOy. TOTE TTlCTpATyAATHC NEMi 
NHEGNEMAq AqTAAwoy ENlEXHOy. 

10 B omits NXO)AEM and has NGODOy &E- 

11 B omits NEM 



12 B omits from NEM gANCOGNEq to OyEg NCCOq 

is Judith ii. 4. 



THE NINTH MIEACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 



271 



multitude of soldiers following after him. 1 When he had come 
jjb to the shrine 2 and saw the lamp burning to Saint George, one 
Si id [to him], "Look at this senseless thing," and he said, "I see 
tl ie folly of the Christians, and if the god of this people were 
mt blind the sun would give him light and he would have [no] 
naed of a thousand lamps to give him light." And he took 
tie stick in his hands and smote the lamp, saying, "What is 
tiis?" and the lamp broke and fell in fragments upon him and 
some of the soldiers; and a little piece of glass stuck in his 
head without his knowing it, and every part of his body which 
the oil from the lamp touched became leprous. And he thought 
that that was all that would happen to him, and said to the 
: soldiers, "Until to-day we have heard only with our ears that 
there is a magician in this place, but to-day we have seen [that 
there is] with our eyes, for look and see 3 what has happened to 
jny hands and feet;" and the multitude of the soldiers round 
about him marvelled at the power of the holy martyr who had [79] 
made him leprous. And his head pained 4 him exceedingly and 
lie said to the soldiers, "Let us rest here until the morning;" 
and he was greatly ashamed because of the multitude of the 
soldiers round about him. And since all the people of the city 
were Christians, none of them would take him into their house, 
for they were angry with him on account of the lamp of the 
shrine which he had broken; and they went out and left him 
there. Then he rose up and went forth ashamed, and when he 
reached the door of the shrine and was coming out, his head 
became dizzy and he fell headlong on the ground, and his whole 
>dy trembled and he was unable to stand. Then the soldiers 




B omits from ETTE to 

2 B ends with the words ETAXO)E Ek>OYN EITITOTTOC MTTIA- 

noc TTEXAq XE ANAY ETTAIAT^HT XE recopnoc oyo^ 

MMOC"XE AtNAY E6METATHT NWXpHCTlANOC NH 
f NTO)Oy. 

3 Read foTETENNAy. Read TKAC. 



272 THE NINTH MIBACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 

came round him and carried him into their house, and they ate 
and drank, but he could taste nothing for his head was suffering 
great pain. When the evening had come the soldiers went to 
bed and slept, but Euchios saw a vision in this wise. He saw 
a soldier whose name was George shoot an arrow into the air, 
and the arrow stuck in his head, and he cried out with a loud 
voice saying, "George, George," and straightway awoke from his 
slumber. When those who were in the room with him heard the 
cries they said, "Master, to whom dost thou speak?" and he 
was ashamed to tell them his dream, and he kept his mouth shut, 
not wishing to utter the name of Saint George from his lips at 
all. When the morning had come he was suffering greatly from 
fsojthe piece of glass in his head, and he cried out with loud cries 
frightening the soldiers and saying, "Take me up, and let us go 
into our own country that I may not die in this foreign land." 
And all the soldiers rose up joyfully, and embarked in ships, and 
sailed to Antioch greatly ashamed; and the head of the general 
suppurated and became very putrid, 1 and on the third day God 
smote him and he died. And after five days his whole body 
became a mass of worms and very putrid, and the soldiers took 
him and buried him in the sea. When the soldiers had come 
into Antioch they showed the emperor everything that had taken 
place, and they told him of the mighty deeds and miracles which 
they had seen in the shrine of Saint George. But Diocletian 
the lawless and hateworthy apostate did not believe these things, 
for God wished to destroy him by an evil death on account of 
all the evil deeds he had wrought upon the saints. And he 



1 It is very probable that the writer of these miracles had in his mind 
the malady and death of Gralerius of Dacia thus described by Lactantius, (De 
Mortibus Persecutorum, p. 64, Paris edit. 1710): Nascitur ei ulcus malum in 

inferiori parte genitalium, serpitque latius Repercussis medullis, malum 

recidit introrsus, et interna comprehendit, vermes intus creantur. Odor teter 
non modo per palatium, sed totam civitatem pervadit. Nee mirum, cum jam 
confusi essent exitus stercoris et urinae. Oomestus a vermibus, et in putre- 
dinem corpus cum intolerandis doloribus solvitur. Clamores simul horrendos 
ad sidera tollit, quales mugitus fingit saucius taurus. 



THE NINTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOKGE. 273 

burdened his heart like Pharaoh of old, and said to the soldiers, 
"Ye have slain this great general of the empire, and ye utter these 
fcul lies, saying that George the Galilean worketh mighty deeds 
aid miracles. Now by our glorious gods, I will go myself to the 
shrine, and if I find that ye have foully lied I will cut off all 
y )ur heads with the sword. And I will take an army there with 
n.e and will put the whole city to the sword, I will uproot the 
s irine to its very foundations, and I will make the Christians [81] 
worship idols in it." 

After these things Diocletian arose and gathered together 
all his army, and prepared ships for them to embark in and sail 
to Syria: and he made a- herald proclaim throughout the whole 
city, saying, "Prepare yourselves, soldiers, for we are going 
to Syria to overthrow the shrine of the arch-sorcerer of the 
Galileans." Now while the words were in the emperor's mouth, 
tehold the holy archangel Michael and Saint George came down 
from heaven and overturned under him the throne upon which he 
sat, and the golden pomegranates which were on the top of it 
struck his eyes and crushed in his eye-balls. 1 And he cried out 
with a loud voice and wept, saying, "Woe is me, O my Lord, 
woe is me; Lord God the Good, I have sinned, forgive me, 
for I have wrought great evil to Thy servants upon earth; 
God, forgive me, for I am a sinner." Then the voice of the holy 
archangel Michael came to him straightway, saying, "There shall 
be forgiveness to thee neither in this world nor in the world to 
oome: and now thy dominion has passed away and is given to 
Constantine who is more excellent than thee thousands of times." 
And all the multitude of the soldiers and all the senators who 
were assembled 2 in the royal presence heard the voice of the 
archangel Michael speaking, and they marvelled at what had 



1 It is said that Diocletian could neither eat nor sleep, that he wept and 
continually and that he died of a lingering disease assisted by melan- 

and despair. Some accounts say that he perished by his own hand. See 
ibius, Hist. Eccles., viii. 17, and Tillemont, Histoire des Empereurs, iv, p. 54. 

2 Read FT90yHT. 

35 



274 THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

[82] suddenly happened from heaven. And they straightway arose 
and cast him forth from the royal office, and they brought in 
Constantine in his stead and robed him in royal apparel. And 
he was a lover of God, a lover of charity, a lover of man, a lover 
of goodness and of every person. He went to Church morning 
and evening every day; he made large assemblies at the Holy 
Communion, he prayed to God with great earnestness; he gave 
away large charities and gifts: and he, and his house, and his 
mother, the God-loving Queen Helena, 1 feared the Lord always, 
and they praised and blessed and thanked our Lord and God 
and Saviour, Jesus Christ, through Whom be all glory and 
adoration and honour meet for the Father and the Son and Holy 
vivifying and consubstantial Spirit with Him, now and always 
and for ever and ever, Amen. 



TJie Encomium which the blessed Abba Theodotus? Bishop 
of Ancyra 3 of Galatia, pronounced on the day of the glorious 
commemoration which is the twenty-third of the month 
Pharmuthi^of Saint George, the martyr of Diospolis 5 of 



1 The True Cross was discovered by Helena in the year 326. 

2 Theodotus the twelvth Bishop of Ancyra in Galatia lived in the early 
part of the Yth century. According to our Coptic text he filled the office of Bishop 
seventy-five years and died at the age of one hundred and eighteen years (see 
page 171). He was present at the council of Ephesus (not Nicaea, as the 
Coptic text leads us to believe) in A. D. 431 , and supported Cyril in his attacks 
upon Nestorius. Theodotus episcopus Ancyrae consentiens sanctae synodo, 
subscripsi. See Labbe, Sacrorum Conciliorum Collectio, t. iv, col. 1363; Le 
Quien, Oriens Christianus, i, col. 463, 464. For a list of the works extant of 
Theodotus see Cave, Script Eccles. Historia Literaria, i, p. 325, ed. London 
1688; Migne, Diet, de Patroloffie, iv, col. 1606; Assemani, Bibl. Orient, ii, 
pp. 295, 303 ; and for the extant Syriac versions of his works see Wright, Cat. 
Syr. MSS. in the British Museum, pp. 717, 776, 790. 

3 Ancyra or Angorah, "AyKUpa, was called Sebaste after Galatia became 
a Roman province about the year B. C. 25. 

4 I. e. April 18. 

5 Diospolis, 'the city of Jove', was the classical name given to the city 
*& Lod, Lydda, which was built by Shemed the descendant of Benjamin, 1 Chron. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 



275 



Palestine, the sun of the truth, the star of the morning, the 
t.iighty man of the Galileans from Melitene and the valiant 
soldier of Christ; and he showed forth his family relation- 
ships and the mighty conflicts which he endured, and the honours 
which he received in heaven; in the peace of God, Amen. 

It is meet and right and fitting for our souls, O holy beloved, 
that we should commemorate the sufferings and honourable contests 
of the saints, and more especially of Saint George the mighty, the 
most excellent and honourable athlete and warrior whose festival 
we celebrate to-day in this glorious commemoration who has shown 
himself to us approved by God and loveworthy before men, by 
reason of the righteous deeds which he displayed, through which 
lie was worthy of being called into the healthful sufferings of 
Christ and of bearing wounds in his body for Christ's sake. He 
was perfect in great * endurance, and mighty valour, and a pure [84] 
heart, and in giving up his entire will to God through the great 
zeal which he had in his heart towards God, and in the fear 
of Him which he had within him, which bore fruit plentifully to 
Him a hundredfold, sixtyfold, and thirtyfold. Moreover, he for- 
sook his -own will, and the multiplying of his great wealth, and his 
servants, and all his riches, and hearkened unto the voice of God, 
and took up his cross, and walked after our Lord Jesus, following 
after Him with an upright heart. On this account he received 
so great honour from Christ that He spake to him with an 
oath, saying, "Among all the martyrs who have existed there shall 
not be one like unto thee in heaven, neither shall there be any 
like unto thee for ever." 2 He burned with the Holy Spirit and 



viii. 12. It was inhabited by the Benjamites after the captivity (Neh. xi. 35; 
2 Esdr. xi. 31, 34), and was destroyed by Cestius Gallus about A. D. 65. It is 
situated about 12 miles from Joppa and about 23 from Jerusalem. Its Arabic 

name to day is Jj. See The Survey of Western Palestine, name list to sheet 
13; and Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, iii, col. 581. 

1 Read WWO)^, and in line 4 read 

2 Read tt)A 



276 THE ENCOMIUM OE BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

performed his daily life with zeal that he might be among those 
that are chosen and that benefit our souls. In short, he performed 
the whole will of God and put himself beyond the reach of every 
thought which could offend the soul. He lived in the service of 
God, and was remote from the vain sights of this life which are 
like dreams and which pass away quickly like shadows. For this 
reason he longed for heaven, remembering what the blessed Paul 
said, 1 "If ye be risen with Christ, seek after the things which are 

[85] above, where Christ sits at the right hand of God," and "Re- 
member the things which are above and not those which are 
upon earth." Neither his father's rank of Count, nor the high 
birth of his mother, nor the glory of his soldierhood could over- 
come the decision of the truly noble and holy Saint George, 
neither could any one of these lead him astray or seduce him 
to forsake his piety and firm decision and perfect faith. The 
grace of God protected him in every thing concerning which he 
was anxious, and he feared God who watched over him, and God 
strengthened him on every side, like a precious stone of adamant, 
that he might never be moved. On this account when the time 
of persecution came, the heart of the holy Saint George was 
ready, and when God called him into the holy contest he was 
prompt to obey. Moreover, he went to the holy contest and 
marched through it by himself: and when they tortured him he 
became valiant, and was firm and resisted his enemies. He fought 
with impious governors and received the crown incorruptible for 
ever, and an imperial sceptre and royal throne from the true 

[86] and holy Bridegroom our Lord Jesus Christ. And not only him- 
self, but multitudes of souls received crowns through him during 
the seven years in which they tortured him. If God in His true 
knowledge permit us, we hope to make manifest to you in this 
encomium the exalted honours of Saint George, the valiant athlete 
and soldier of Christ, the holy and noble man of Melitene. For 
the subject under discussion weighs upon us and compels us to 
show you everything truly. My heart rejoices greatly within me 



1 Colossians iii, 1, 2. 



THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 277 

tiis day and urges me to speak more especially in honour of 
>aint George the great luminary, whose festival is celebrated to- 
cay throughout the whole world. To him the Lord testified by 
.oath, saying, "I swear by Myself and by My Holy Father, and 
Ethe Holy Spirit, that among all those born of women there is 
i.ot one like unto John the Baptist, 1 and that in the whole 
Army of Martyrs there is not one like unto thee, neither shall 
there be one like unto thee for ever. For thou shalt be more 
exalted than they all in the kingdom of heaven, and they all 
shall call thee 'George the beloved of God the Highest'." I am 
,*ifraid, O my beloved, to begin to speak in honour of this great 
illuminator and warrior, for I know the poverty of my intellect 
and the feebleness of my halting speech and that I shall not [87] 
'attain to the measure of his exalted and excellent contest. 
But I hope and trust that the Lord will send me the rays of 
tthe light of that valiant man to illuminate my heart and to 
quicken my halting tongue, that I may speak a few words in his 
honour to a Christ-loving congregation. And since the descrip- 
tion of the honour of this valiant man, beloved, is above the 
conception of every man upon earth, more especially of my 
humble tongue, I, who desire to speak in honour of holy Saint 
George, the valiant martyr, need wisdom from the Lord and a 
celestial tongue that I may not omit anything of the mighty and 
exalted contests of that noble and valiant man, which he fought 
before all people through his great 2 endurance and bravery. And 
also, he is honourworthy for each deed of valour which he wrought 
with great sufferings and a great number of contests: and if the 
Lord permit 3 we will set before you a few of them. But mean- 
while we will set before you the qualities of which we have spoken 
of this brave soldier of Christ, Saint George. And what are these 
qualities ? His upright and unwavering faith in God ; his certain 
hope; his sincere love; his compassion for every one and the 
whole human race; his gentleness to all creatures, both great [88] 

S. Matt. xi. 11. 2 Read TEqWO) r |-. 
Read HOC 



278 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

and small; his benignity; his goodness; his zeal; his patient 
endurance of the cares of this life; his good disposition and the joy 
of his soul; the blamelessness of his heart; his taking his stand at 
the tribunal boldly; his freedom of speech before the governors, 
entirely without shame or fear of man, as David the Psalmist 
said, "I will speak thy testimonies before kings, and will not be 
ashamed;" 1 his patient endurance of tortures with great 2 joy of 
heart; and the other sufferings which he bore for the sake of 
our Lord Jesus Christ. Of these contests we will set forth a 
few before you, as we promised to do in the beginning of the 
preface: the contests about which he heard that blessed voice of 
the Lord, saying, "As My Father has appointed Me a kingdom, 
so also will I appoint you who stand with Me in My tempta- 
tion an unending and indestructible kingdom for ever." 3 And 
again, "Ye shall eat and drink with Me in my kingdom." 4 By 
reason of the words full of joy and every happiness Saint George 
[89] was especially ready for the strife: and the remembrance of those 
good things made suffering light to him. He bore every thing 
with a ready will, for he was gladly prompt in every thing. 
Nothing stood in the way of his rigid resolution to suffer, for 
the sufferings of this world prepared him for the good things of 
the world to come, and patient endurance prepared for him the 
crown incorruptible for ever in heaven. We have extended our 
preface until now, beloved, and have not as yet set forth be- 
fore you the glorious and marvelworthy sufferings of Saint George 
the athletic martyr of Christ who warred and fought against im- 
piety. But now we will proclaim to you the things which we 
have set down, together with those which we shall say after them. 
Now it came to pass in times of old that when Dadianus, 
the great king of the Persians, had obtained sovereignty he ruled 
over the whole world. Now it is said of this tyrannical governor 
that he was lord of the whole world, but the true Lord of the 
world, Who is over all things and Who gave us this dominion 
was not known, And everyone carried his life in his hand for he 



i Psalm cxxix. 46. 2 Read 

3 S. Luke xxii, 28, 29. 4 g. Luke xxii, 30. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 279 

knew that the devil, the father of all wickedness, was envious of 
cur race at all times. Now when the devil saw the faith of 
( Christ increasing day by day throughout the whole world, he 
was filled with great envy, and entered into the heart of that [90] 
inpious governor Dadianus, who was more wicked than any one 
( Ise on the whole earth, and who hardened his heart like Pharaoh 
(f old and raised up a great persecution against all Christians. 
And he sat down and issued an edict to all the world in 
which was written as follows. "Inasmuch as a rumour has 
reached my ears that He whom Mary bore, and whom the raven- 
ing wolves of Jews slew, is to be worshipped and served by all 
people, and that Apollo and Poseidon and Hermes and Zeus and 
Artemis and the rest of the gods are not to be worshipped, I 
write to you, all ye governors of the whole world upon whose 
heads rests the authority of the empire, that ye may all come 
to me with your followers, counts, generals, soldiers, tribunes and 
rustics, that ye may know what I wish to ask of you." And he 
sent copies of the edict throughout the whole world. And sixty- 
nine governors, each with his retinue, were gathered together 
from all parts of the world, and came to him at the end of five 
years : and when they came to him, the whole country was in an 
uproar by reason of the greatness of the vast and innumerable 
multitude of those who were with them. 

When that wicked tyrant saw that they threw themselves [91] 
down at his feet and worshipped him and gave him gifts, his 
heart was puffed up exceedingly, and he roared like a lion: and 
he feasted with them for seventy days, and did not sit in judg- 
ment at all, for he feasted every day. After seventy days Da- 
dianus, the impious, godless, and senseless governor, (and sixty- 
nine other governors, making seventy godless governors in all), 
sat upon the tribune and caused them to bring before him all the 
instruments of the torture-chamber; the instruments for trial, the 
iron bars (?), the axes, the two-edged swords, the saws, the wheels, 
the iron hooks, the scrapers (?) of brass, the brazen cauldrons, 
the knives for splitting the tongue, the iron hands for splitting 
le bones, the large knives with saw-like edges, the workmen's 



280 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

chisels into which were fitted sharp pieces of iron, and other 
instruments of torture which we cannot describe. Now all these 
had been prepared by the governor for those days. And the 
tyrannical governor swore an oath before the sixty-nine governors 
and the whole army, saying, "If my hands find any persons 
throughout the whole world who are doubtful about serving 
the gods concerning whom we have given commands, I swear by 
the might of my kingdom that I will torture them with all these 

[92] instruments which lie before me, I will smash in their skulls, I 
will saw off their legs, and I will take out their brains through 
their nostrils. And as for you, governors, and everyone who 
hears me to-day, go ye all and worship the glorious gods that ye 
may receive the more honours from my majesty. But as for those 
who will not obey me and who believe on Jesus Whom the Jews 
crucified, I swear by the might of my kingdom and the crown 
upon my head, that I will lave all these instruments in the blood 
of their own bodies and in the blood of their sons and tender 
daughters, that I will confiscate all their property, and that I 
will burn them alive;" and the governors and all the multitude 
cast themselves down and worshipped the polluted gods. When 
all those who believed in God heard of this oath they were dis- 
mayed and terrorstricken by reason of the storm which had risen 
up against the church of Christ. 

Thus three years passed over the world without any one 
daring to utter from his lips the words, "I am a Christian;" and 
there was much tribulation of heart throughout the whole world, 
and no one uttered the name of the Lord from his mouth. But 
listen, beloved, and I will declare to you what happened after 
these things, for it is time to lead you to this honourable man 
and champion of Jesus Christ; this valiant conqueror; this veri- 
table pearl of God; this new David who destroyed Goliath, which 
is the devil and his wicked dragon; this sun of truth in the 

[93] heavens; this [luminary] whose radiance and light illumined the 
whole world; this man whose festival is celebrated to-day through- 
out the whole world. 

Saint George, the beloved of God and His angels, came 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 281 

from the country of Cappadocia, and was the son of the gover- 
nor of Diospolis. His father, an exceedingly orthodox man, died 
and left the righteous man, then ten years old, and his two sisters, 
one of whom was called Kasia and the other Mathrona. Now 
they were exceeding rich in gold and silver; and they had men- 
servants and maidservants in exceeding great numbers, and im- 
iiense herds of cattle, and fine horses, and countless flocks of 
eheep. In short, there was none like unto them in all Palestine 
knd its borders, and all the city loved them because of the good 
deeds which they wrought for everyone. 

Shortly after the death of Saint George's father, a new go- 
vernor was appointed over the country of Palestine in his stead; 
and he was a great lover of God. And he knew of the rank of 
the righteous man and of the good birth of his parents, and he 
had no child except a daughter two years old. When he came 
into the city with a mighty following, such as befitted his dignity 
and honour and greatness, he sent and fetched the holy youth, 
Saint George, and kissed him many times, and wept for the [94] 
removal of his father by death. And afterwards he entreated 
.iis mother to give him Saint George that he might be to him 
as a son, and that he might appoint him general over all the 
multitude' that was with him ; and she gave him. And he sent 
him to the king with one hundred soldiers, and he wrote to the 
king concerning him and showed him his rank and the good 
birth of his parents. When the king had read the letter he 
rejoiced in Saint George greatly, and immediately appointed him 
general over five thousand men, and wrote down that he should 
receive three thousand pieces of money every month besides his 
taxes for the public treasury which were remitted to him; and 
the king sent him back to the eparch with much royal pomp. 

When Saint George came back to his house, the whole city 
and the eparch came out to meet him, and they carried him into 
his house with great joy. On the morrow his mother spread out 
a feast for the whole city, for rich and poor alike, male and 
female, small and great; and she distributed much money among 
the widows and orphans. Then she invited the eparch and all 

36 



282 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

his company and made a great feast for them three whole days. 
And the eparch wrote down Saint George as his son and the 
heir of everything that he possessed, and he betrothed his daughter 
to him, and made him lord over all his house: and he was asso- 
ciated with him in the affairs of the government, and lived with 
him until ten years were ended. When Saint George had com- 

[95] pleted his twentieth year he was so exceeding strong and valiant 
that he was the leader in the fight, and there was no one among 
all the company of soldiers who could be compared with him for 
strength and beauty. And the grace of God was with him, and 
He gave him such beauty and strength that all those who saw 
him marvelled at his power and youth. When he went into battle 
he was a terror to those who saw him and to those who stood 
up against him, and when he rushed upon the battle array of 
the enemy [seated upon] his horse, he carried his drawn sword 
in his hand, and cried out to them, "I am George of Melitene, 
and I come against you in anger;" and straightway the weapons 
of battle fell from their hands, and he destroyed them all, and 
carried away their spoil. In short, God was with him in all 
his ways. 

When Saint George had completed his twentieth year, the eparch 
was anxious that he should celebrate his marriage with his daughter ; 
but he did not know that Christ was keeping him a pure virgin 
bridegroom for Himself. While the eparch was meditating these 
things in his heart, he went to his rest in God, and left every 

[96] thing that he had to Saint George. And the good God wished 
to lead this very valiant man to Himself that His holy name 
might be glorified in him, and He made this suitable counsel 
come into his heart, saying, "Behold, I hear that Dadianus the 
governor has gathered together a number of governors to him in 
the city of Tyre in respect of the boundaries of the empire. I 
will arise and take gifts and money, and will go and give them 
to them, and will ask them to make me eparch in the place of 
my fathers who have passed away." So he arose straightway, 
and took much money and many gifts, and put them in a ship 
with himself and his servants, and went to the governors. 



THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 



283 



When the saint had come to them he left his servants in 
the ship with all the baggage, and came up to the governors at 
once. And he met the lawless Dadianus, and saw the idols be- 
bre him and people offering up sacrifices to them with great 
;eal. And he was stupefied entirely for a long time and said 
vithin himself, "Why did I leave my own house and the beauty 
)f a Christ-loving city in which they worship the Lord of heaven 
ind earth by day and night, and come to these profane and lawless 
ones who have forsaken God and worship Satan? Why did I 
seek the rank of count from the hands of these godless and 
lawless ones? Cursed be these polluted lawless governors and [97] 
their dominion, which shall pass away in a moment, with them! 
I know that the Lord will receive me to Himself, and I will not 
seek a destructible kingdom of this world, but I will seek the 
kingdom of my Lord Jesus Christ which endureth for ever; and 
I will not return to my native city to my mother. And now 
enough of my life in this world, for I will rely upon my Lord 
Jesus Christ, who endureth for ever, in His goodness to give me 
strength to die for His holy name, and to take my bones again 
to my place of sojourning upon earth, and to lay them in the 
sepulchre of my dead ancestors." When Saint George had medi- 
tated these things in his heart he returned to the ship to his 
servants, and told them everything that was in his heart. And 
they entreated him, saying, "Master, if it is to be so let us return 
to our city with the ship, and let no one know for what purpose 
we came hither." Saint George said to them, "Far be it from 
me to return to my house to look upon the face of my mother 
again, but I will die in this place for the holy name of my Lord 
Jesus Christ, the king of heaven and earth and that which is 
beneath the earth, the Lord of all things. And now receive ye 
your freedom and your wages, and swear to me by God the true 
Almighty that ye will not return to my house again while I am [98] 
alive, lest my mother and my sisters know of my condition, and 
bring only death upon themselves. But now receive ye your 
wages and take each one of you three pounds of gold and ten 
;hanges of raiment, and go wheresoever ye please in the whole 



284 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

world, my city alone excepted. And if ye are alive and hear 
that I am dead, do me the kindness for Christ's sake to take 
my body to my native city and bury it." When the servants of 
the blessed man George had heard these things they wept a long 
time, but afterwards they saluted him [and went their way]. Now 
one of them did not return to Diospolis until the holy man con- 
summated his martyrdom, and three of them dwelt with the holy 
man in the city of Tyre to witness his strife. And the blessed 
man distributed the great wealth which he had brought among 
the poor and the infirm, and the gifts which he had brought for 
the governors he gave away entirely to the destitute; and he gave 
away his very clothes to the naked. 

Then Saint George leaped among the impious governors and 
cried out, saying, "I am a Christian openly, and I fear not your 
madness, governors of violence, for your gods are devils; may 
the gods who have not made heaven and earth perish from under 
the whole heaven and let every one who worships them hold his 
peace!" When the dragon of death, the lawless Dadianus, 
[99] looked upon him and saw that he was refined in body and fair 
in face as the light of the moon when she shines, and that he 
was altogether handsome in his form like precious, pure, white 
alabaster, he knew straightway that he was well born and that 
he was the son of an eminent eparch ; and he rose up speechless, 
marvelling at his youth and his gentle answers. And he answered 
and said to him, ".All we upon earth are filled with all the good 
things of the gods, and we are very dear to them, and thou thy- 
self art numbered with us in honour and majesty, and by thy 
noble bearing thou showest that thou art of exceeding high rank. 
And now be it known to thee, beloved one, the beauty of 
whose countenance I love, that during the three years which I 
and the sixty-nine governors whom I have gathered together 
from all parts of the world, have been sitting here, during these 
three years I say, we have not heard such a word as 'Christian* 
uttered throughout the whole world until this moment. I know 
in my heart that thou art most noble, and that thou art mighty 
in thy strength and in the multitude of thy riches; but neither 



THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 



285 



[the other governors, nor the multitudes which surround them will 
rsgard thee with the same respect. But now, let the matter be 
manifest to thee, noble one, it is not only we and the gover- [100] 
i ors that thou hast despised, but thou hast also despised the 
righteous gods themselves; it is meet therefore for thee to repent, 
ind to be changed in heart, and to worship the gods that they 
i lay forgive thee thy first ignorance. As for us and the governors, 
we will take thee to ourselves as one of our beloved sons, and 
thou shalt receive from the gods and from us all the greatest 
honours and imperial rank; and thou shalt be ruler over ten fine 
cities with their suburbs from whatever part of the world thou 
, shalt choose them." Saint George the truly blessed man answered 
and said to him, "Cursed art thou, and the lawless governors 
who are with thee, and the foul idols to which thou givest the 
name of gods! they are not gods but devils, perish thou and 
uhey together!" And the governor was enraged, and said to him, 
/'I spoke to thee as a father speaking to his son, and I advised 
thee for thine own honour and welfare ; and thou hast despised 
us like a stupid and silly man. But tell me, Whence comest 
thou? What is thy name? What is the name of thy god? What 
are the names of thy parents who brought thee into the world? 
.Why hast thou come hither?" Now the blessed man did not 
wish to reveal his name nor the lofty rank of his parents. And 
the governor and all the other governors said to Saint George, 
"0 beautiful youth, we adjure thee by Jesus Christ, whom thou [101] 
callest God, to tell us what is thy name, and the name of thy 
parents, and the name of thy city, if those who begat thee are 
alive, if thou hast brother or sister, what thou seekest and for 
what purpose thou hast come to this city?" Now because they 
had adjured Saint George by the name of Christ, he declared, 
saying, "Inasmuch as ye have adjured me by the name of my 
God I am unable to hide anything from you. I am a Christian, 
and the son of a Christian, and no one of my family was ever an 
idolater. My father was Anastasius the governor of Melitene, 
and was the son of John the chief governor of Cappadocia. When 
emperor saw the valour of my father Anastasius, he demanded 



286 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

him from his father John, the governor of Cappadocia, and ap- 
pointed him governor over Melitene and the whole country of 
Palestine. My father Anastasius was twenty-five years of age 
when he received the office of governor, and the emperor gave 
him a company of three thousand armed soldiers for the main- 
tenance of his authority over the whole country of Palestine. And 
Anastasius sought out a noble lady, after the superior rank of the 
people of Melitene, among the great ones of the town, whom he 
might take to wife in holy wedlock. And they advised him, 

[102] saying, 'In all this city there is no one meet for thy rank and 
dignity and greatness except Kira Theognosta, the daughter of 
Dionysius, the count of Diospolis, who is associated with the 
rule of your majesty, for she is a virgin aged eighteen years, 
and there is no one [of like rank] in the whole country of Melitene 
except her father and his house.' And Anastasius commanded, 
and they straightway brought her father Dionysius, and he gave 
him her dowry twice her weight in gold and many presents, 
and male and female servants. To her he gave raiment and 
gardens and fields and vineyards which could not be confiscated, 
and he took her to wife, and he loved her exceedingly so that 
he forgot Cappadocia and his parents; and he lived in Palestine 
until God visited him there. When my mother, Kira Theognosta, 
the noble lady, bore me to him, he called my name George after 
his father's father. And again my mother bore him my two 
sisters, the name of the one was Kasia and that of the other 
Mathrona. My blessed father, Anastasius the governor, went to 
his rest and left me when I was ten years old ; one of my sisters 
was six years old and the other two. After this another gover- 
nor whose name was Justus, was appointed in the room of my 
father, and he took the place of my blessed father to me; he 
moreover appointed me general over five thousand soldiers, and 
wrote my name to the king to receive three thousand pieces of 

[103] money every month, and he knew nothing of what was in his 
house, except what he ate and drank, for it was I who ruled his 
possession and his house; and he betrothed me to his daughter 
that I might take her to wife in happy wedlock. And while he 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 287 

was purposing to carry out our marriage the time of all men 
cime upon him, and he departed from the sojourning of this 
viin life, and I buried him in the sepulchre of my blessed fathers; 
may God grant them everlasting rest, Amen! As for myself, I 
carried out my military duties satisfactorily, and by the skilful 
v orking of my lands and the generosity 1 of my mother, I acquired 
vealth, and with wealth came honours, and then in a ship of 
ny own I came with my servants to this city to present gifts 
cMid offerings to you and the other governors that ye might make 
iae governor in the room of my fathers who have passed away. 
But when I saw that ye had forsaken the God of heaven and 
earth who had granted royalty unto you and that ye served 
Satan, I said in my heart, 'Let every kingdom which proceedeth 
from Satan and his children which ye are perish'! And I 
gave all my gifts and possessions to the lesser brethren of my 
Lord Jesus Christ, who were more worthy of them than you, and 
I came to you to chide your folly, for the things which ye wor- 
ship are not gods, but foul devils. Now, behold, I will inform 
you of the whole matter, I am. a Christian boldly, and I believe [104] 
on my Lord Jesus Christ; whatsoever ye desire to do unto me, 
that do." 

When the governors heard from him that he came from 
Melitene of Cappadocia, and that he was the son of the chief 
governor, they were afraid. And they spake to him with flattering 
words, saying, "0 youth, we know thy rank and the good birth 
of thy ancestors, come now, listen to us, and let our advice be 
acceptable unto thee. Offer sacrifice unto the gods, that thou 
mayest receive from them not only th/e office of governor held 
by thy ancestors, but also the rulership over the whole world which 
we will give thee. Furthermore, next in order to these governors 
present, thou shalt appoint whomsoever thou pleasest to be counts 
in every province of the whole world, and they shall be generals 
and commanders and leaders under thy authority in every place." 
The just man answered, and said, "This counsel of yours is ex- 

i Read iri'MA'h 



288 THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

ceedingly wicked, for it would lead me to destruction with you. 
And now, lawless ones, tell me to what god ye desire me to 
offer sacrifice?" Dadianus replied, "George, we wish thee to 
offer sacrifice to Apollo who spread out the heavens." The blessed 
man answered, "If Apollo had in truth spread out the heavens, 
thou couldst rightly have called him 'God'; and if Poseidon had 
in truth made fast the earth thou couldst rightly have called him 
'God' likewise. Art thou not ashamed, godless, wicked one 
and dragon of hell, to call this impure and diabolical idol by 
the name of 'God'? I will now make mention of some of the 

[105] saints, not for thy sake nor for the sake of the godless governors 
who are sitting with thee, but for the sake of these multitudes 
who are here present. To whom, governor, wouldst thou com- 
pare Apollo? Wouldst thou compare him to the great Peter, 
the Arch-apostle to whom were given the keys of the kingdom 
of heaven? Or wouldst thou compare him to the mighty Elijah 
the Tishbite who was an angel upon earth, and who was taken 
up to heaven in chariots of fire? Is he not more excellent than 
the wicked sorcerer Poseidon? or Smaraktos (Scamandros?) the 
profane who worked enchantment by fire? and who lived with 
the defiled one, whom they call Timetia (Demeter?) who gave 
birth to the Saraphin the sea warriors, who on account of their 
deeds were cast in to the abyss of the sea? In whom wouldst thou 
believe, king, in Jezebel who slew the prophets, or in the most 
exalted Virgin Mary who bore us our Lord Jesus Christ? Be 
ashamed then, foolish one, for thy wicked and impure gods 
are devils.''' 

When Dadianus the governor heard these things he was 
greatly enraged, and he commanded them to strip off the clothes 
which he had on and to tie a girdle round his loins and to hang 
him upon the wooden horse and to torture him until his bones 
protruded through his skin. Now he was twenty-one years and 

[106] three months old, and it was on the first day of the new moon 
of Pharmuthi that they began to torture the righteous man. And 
his holy body was disfigured with blood; but the blessed man 
bore such fearful sufferings as these with patience and fortitude. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP AEBA THEODOTUS. 289 

And they forced iron boots upon his feet and drove iron nails 
ii to them ; and his blood flowed forth like water. And again 
they threw him upon his back, and laid a stone weighing six 
handred pounds (?) upon his belly until it burst asunder and 
his bowels poured forth upon the ground. And they beat upon 
his head with iron-headed bars until his brains poured out through 
bis nostrils white like milk. But he was of good cheer in all 
t lese sufferings, for Christ strengthened his soul within him. And 
again they brought iron knives the edges of which were like saws, 
and they sawed his flesh into shreds with them; and Dadianus 
commanded them to bring salt and strong vinegar, and to pour 
them upon his wounds. Then he made them lacerate his body 
with hair bands until his bones protruded, and his flesh fell in 
pieces, on the ground; but the blessed man did not die, for 
God strengthened his spirit within him. And they threw him 
upon a wooden bed, and they drove twenty nails through his 
body into the wooden bed; and they lifted him up senseless, and 
carried him into the prison. And multitudes of those who were [107] 
standing by in those days wept for his beauty and his stature 
land his youth, saying to each other, "Alas for the beauty of this 
youth from Melitene, and the comeliness of his noble body which 
these lawless ones are destroying with fearful tortures, such as 
they have brought upon him this night." And when they had 
gone to their homes they spake to their wives and children, say- 
ing, "Verily we have to-day seen with our eyes in what manner 

and in what form "; and the whole city was talking 

about him that night. 

And it came to pass that an angel of light appeared to him in 
prison in the middle of the night, and there was a great earth- 
quake and the city was moved to its Very foundations. And 
behold God came into the prison with thousands of his holy 
angels, and the whole place was filled with exceeding precious 
incense. And God called to Saint George, saying, "George, my 
beloved, rise up healed and without corruption, from the couch 
on which thou sleepest;" and he straightway leaped up without 
any pain in his body, and he was like one who had risen up 

37 




290 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

from a royal feast. Then he cast himself down and worshipped 
[108] the Lord, but He took him by the hand and raised him up, and 
saluted him lovingly, and laid His hand upon all his body, and 
filled him with strength, and said to him, "O beloved one, be 
strong and of good cheer, for I will be with thee until thou hast 
put to shame these lawless kings. I swear by Myself, O George 
My beloved, that as there has never arisen among those born of 
women one greater than John the Baptist, so there shall never 
be any one among the martyrs that can be compared with thee, 
or be like unto thee. And behold these seventy lawless kings 
shall torture thee for seven years, and thou shalt do many mighty 
deeds, and shalt die three times, and I will raise thee up again : 
but on the fourth time I will come to thee on a cloud of light 
with the celestial hosts and the Prophets and the Apostles and the 
holy Martyrs, and I will bring thee to the place of safe keeping 
which I have prepared for thee." When the Saviour had said 
these words to him, He gave him the salutation of peace and 
filled him full of joy; and He went up to heaven with His angels. 
And the blessed man was looking after Him and rejoicing greatly 
and blessing God until day-break by reason of the words which 
God had spoken to him. When it was morning, the lawless 
governor and those who were with him commanded that they 
should go into the prison and see if the righteous man was alive 
[109] or not. When they opened the door of the prison they saw the 
saint standing up praying, and his face shone like the, sun, and 
they marvelled greatly and ran and told the governor everything; 
and they commanded them to bring him up on the tribune. 
While they were bringing him the saint said, "My God, my God, 
hasten to me, my God, why hast thou forsaken me, my God, 
haste thee to deliver me." When he had come to the tribune, 
he said, "0 tribune, tribune, I and my Lord Jesus Christ 
have come to thee and thy Apollo." And when the lawless ones 
saw him they marvelled, and said to him, "How is it that no 
' harm has come to thee? and who has healed thee?" The righteous 
man said to them, "0 lawless ones, Ye are not worthy, to hear 
with your profane ears the name of Him that has healed nie." 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 291 

Then. Dadianus was furious with rage, and commanded them to 
tie the saint to four high stakes and to give him four hundred 
lishes on his back, and after that to turn him round, and to 
j;ive him four hundred lashes on his belly; and his lacerated 
jlesh fell to the ground piece by piece and his blood ran like 
^vater. And Dadianus made them bring hot ashes and lay them 
-m his body, and pour vinegar and naphtha over his flesh; and 
le caused eight soldiers and five military tribunes to watch over 
aim in prison until the next day. Now the fire was kindling in [no] 
the whole body of the blessed man, and he was in great suffering. 
And the Lord Jesus Christ saw his sufferings and that he was 
unable to speak at all, and came down from the summit of heaven 
and spake with him, saying, "I am strengthening thee, My beloved 
George, stand forth from all thy sufferings and be of good cheer, 
for I am with thee." And the righteous man arose, and God laid 
His hand upon all his body and healed him, and He gave him 
the salutation of peace, and went up to heaven in glory and 
honour; and the blessed man sang psalms in prison until the 
morning. When the soldiers and the tribunes who were guarding 
him saw what had happened to the saint and that he was strong 
they marvelled and told the governors. Dadianus the governor 
said, "George is an arch-magician, but I will hear no more of 
him until I can bring an arch-magician more powerful than he." 
And he straightway sat down and wrote a rescript, saying, "Da- 
dianus the governor writes to the whole world, greeting. Let 
any magician who has power to put an end to the magic of the 
Christians come hither to me, and I will give him one hundred 
pounds of gold, and two hundred pieces of silver, and every sort 
of possession, and he shall be second in my kingdom;" and this [in] 
rescript was read in every place. And behold there appeared 
before the governor a magician, whose name was Athanasius, 
saying, "0 king, live for ever! Command this man called George 
to perform something before thee, and I will destroy his magic." 
Dadianus rejoiced greatly and said to the magician, "What thing 
wilt thou do in my presence that I may know that thou canst 
overcome the magic of this Christian?" Athanasius said to the 



292 THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

governor, "Command them to bring me an ox;" and he com- 
manded them to bring an ox. And Athanasius spoke some words 
into the ears of the ox, and he split asunder into two pieces. 
The governor laughed and said, "Verily thou art able to van- 
quish the magic of the Christians." Athanasius said to the go- 
vernor, "Let them bring me a pair of scales." And when they 
had brought them they threw the parts of the ox into the two 
pans of the scales, and they came out equal to one another. 
Then Dadianus the governor caused them to bring Saint George 
to him, and he said to him, "It is for thy sake that I have 
summoned this arch-magician into my kingdom ; thou must either 
overcome his magic or he will overcome thine." Saint George 
said to the governor, "The Christian who has taken refuge in 
Christ never works magic, impious one." And the saint said 
to the magician, "Hasten, my son, and what thou desirest to do 
unto me, do speedily; for I see that the grace of God has drawn 
[112] nigh unto thee." Then Athanasius took a cup and filled it by 
his magic, and invoked the powerful names of demons over it, 
and gave it to Saint George to drink; and when he had drunk 
it no evil happened to him at all. Athanasius said, lt O George, 
I will give thee another cup, and if no evil happens to thee I 
myself will believ* on thy God." And Athanasius the magician 
took the cup and pronounced the names of demons more evil than 
the first over it, and gave it to the righteous man; and he drank 
it, and no evil happened to him at all. Then Athanasius threw 
himself down at the feet of the saint, and said to him, "I conjure 
thee by Jesus Christ to give me the sign of the cross of Jesus 
Whom thou servest that He may open to me the kingdom of 
heaven." When the holy martyr saw his faith, he struck the 
earth with his foot, and there welled up a stream of water filled 
with an exceeding precious odour. And the blessed man prayed 
quietly, and Thomas the Apostle came and baptized Athanasius 
the magician in the name of the Father and the Son and the 
Holy Ghost, and he obtained the remission of his sins. And 
the Apostle gave them the salutation of peace secretly and hid 
himself from them ; and straightway the fountain of water returned 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 293 

to its place. When the governor and those who were with him [113] 
siw what had happened they were silent and marvelled. And 
Athanasius cried out before the governor, and said, "I am a 
Christian, and I thank God and His servant George, that He 
1 ath numbered me the workman of the eleventh hour among 
His servants, and I hope that His mercy will receive me through 
the prayer of George the holy and mighty martyr." And the 
lawless governors were enraged, and they commanded that Atha- 
nasius should be taken outside the city and have his head cut off 
with the sword: so he consummated his martyrdom on the 23rd 
of the month Tobi, 1 on the Sabbath day; may his holy blessing be 
with us all for ever and ever, Amen. 

And the righteous man turned to the governor, and said to 
him, "Do unto me whatsoever thou pleasest." The governor 
answered, "By the gods, George, I will make an end of thee." 
And he made them gather together workmen and materials (?) 
to make an exceeding high wheel, and he made them fix in it 
one hundred sword blades, each a cubit long, and they filled it 
entirely with very sharp iron knives, and drove deadly iron spikes 
and hooks into the flat part of the rim of the wheel. And he 
caused two flat tables to be made [beneath] the wheel having 
parts filled with spear heads and nails, and parts filled with 
cooking knives having edges like saws; and there were two poles [H4] 
of olive wood which fitted into cavities, and twenty men worked 
each pole [to turn the wheel]. 2 Then Dadianus commanded them 
to bring the blessed man to him, and when they had brought 
him, he said, "Behold, George, if thou wilt worship Apollo thou 
shalt receive a sceptre of royalty from me; but if thou wilt still 
belong to Christ then look upon this machine which I have made, 
and into which I will cast thee in order to put thy body to the 
test, thou valiant soldier!" The saint said, "I belong to Christ; 



1 I. e., January 18. 

2 I am not certain that my translation of the description of the wheel 
is accurate, for there are some words in the Coptic text which are not to be found 
in the dictionaries and the meanings of which I know not. For the description 
of the wheel according to Metaphrastes see Acta Sanctorum, April 23, Appendix 
p. xiii col. 2. 




294 THE ENCOMIUM Or BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

do unto me whatsoever thou wishest." Then Dadianus com- 
manded them to put him on the wheel and that forty men should 
make it revolve. When the blessed man saw the instrument of 
torture which was fixed in the wheel, he feared for himself be- 
cause he carried flesh which was exceedingly tender; and he 
said within himself, "I shall not escape with my life this time." 
Then he straightway spread out his hands and prayed, saying, 
"I praise Thee, my Lord Jesus Christ, and I give thanks unto 
Thee that Thou hast esteemed me worthy of the wonderfulness 
of healthful sufferings, even as they crucified Thee, my Lord, 
upon the cross and set Thee between two thieves. And behold 
they have made a double tearing wheel of torture for me for 
Thy holy name's sake, my Lord; Hearken now, Saviour, 
to Thy servant George. thou Being unsurpassed from all 
time, Thou unchanging crown of the martyrs, Who hast spread 
out the heavens like a chamber, Who in wisdom pourest out 
[115] dew upon all creation when it is parched and dried up; Who 
hast made the clouds drop down rain upon the earth, on the 
just and unjust alike; Who hast weighed the mountains and hills 
in a measure and scales; Who hast rebuked the disobedient, 
wicked, and lawless ones and hast cast them into the lowest and 
darkest part of Amenti, where they now are in the bonds and 
fire of Amenti and are tortured by wicked dragons, rebuke, 
my God, all these impious ones, and let nothing stand against 
Thy command! Thou Who in the last days didst appear to 
us upon earth und didst take flesh through the God-bearer, Mary 
the Virgin, by an unfathomable and unknowable mystery; the 
true offspring [of God]; Who didst walk upon the waves of the 
sea and Whose feet were not wetted by them; Who with five 
loaves of bread didst feed five thousand men, and they were satis- 
fied; Who didst rebuke the sea and the waves and they subsided 
everywhere, and were obedient unto Thee, for all creation is 
Thine; let now Thy mercy come upon us and upon me, thy ser- 
vant George, for with Thee there is mercy, and to Thee and to 
Thy Good Father and to the Holy Spirit belongeth the glory for 
ever, Amen." 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 295 

When he had said, 'Amen', they threw him on the wheel and 
h3 fell down upon the cutting machine, and they dragged hiin[ii6] 
07er it once, and he was speedily put an end to; and his bones 
a ad his flesh were destroyed. Then the tyrant cried out before 
t le governors who were round about him, and said, "There is no 
od save Apollo and Hermes and Zeus and Herakles and Athene 
and Scamandros and Poseidon: these are they who have esta- 
1 lished the heavens, who give dominion to kings and who make 
the mighty to have power upon earth. Where is now Saint 
George's God, whom the magistrates of the Jews slew? why has 
He not come to deliver him out of my hands?" And Dadianus 
commanded them to take the fragments of his bones and flesh, 
and the earth which had drunk his holy blood, and to throw them 
into a dry, waterless pit; and they piled up dirt over it, saying, 
"Lest the Christians find a fragment of his body, and work miracles 
therewith." And Dadianus and the sixty-nine governors arose, 
and went in to eat, rejoicing that they had overcome their enemy. 

Then straightway the whole air became black and the sky 
was covered with clouds, and there were thunders and lightnings, 
and the whole earth shook to its foundations. And the holy 
archangel Michael blew with his trumpet, and the Lord came 
upon a chariot of the Cherubim with thousands of angels, and 
stood by the pit. And the Lord said to Michael, "Speak unto 
this pit, saying, 'Give me the blood and the bones and the flesh [H7] 
and the pieces of the righteous man George', for he said, 'I shall 
not escape with my life this time', that he may understand with 
all his heart that I am the God of Abraham, and the God of 
Isaac, and the God of Jacob;" and Michael laid them before 
Him. And the Lord took the bones in His hand, saying, "0 my 
son George, the hand which fashioned Adam is now about to 
fashion thee, my beloved." And He breathed into him and gave 
him the breath of life; and Saint George arose from the dead; 
and the Lord embraced him and gave him the salutation of peace, 
and went up to heaven ; and Saint George was looking after Him. 

And he arose and came to the lawless governors and the 
soldiers who had thrown him into the pit, and said to them, 



296 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

"Know, lawless ones, that I am George whom ye slew and 
cast into the pit." When the impious Dadianus had considered 
him, he said to the soldiers, "It is his shade." Magnentius the 
governor of Armenia said, "It is not his shade, but it is like 
him." Anatolius the general said to them, "Are ye not ashamed, 
godless ones, to hide the truth? Verily this is George, the 
servant of the living God. whom my Lord Jesus Christ, the 

[H8] Son of the living God, has raised up from the dead; and there- 
fore I, and all the soldiers who march with me, believe on iny 
Lord Jesus Christ." Then the impious Dadiajms was enraged 
and commanded them to take them outside the city, and to 
divide them into ten parts, and to slay them with the sword. In 
this manner they consummated their martyrdom on the twenty- 
third day of the month Mechir, and received their incorruptible 
crowns. Now there were martyred three thousand soldiers and 
Anatolius the general and nine thousand people of the multitude 
who were standing by, male and female, and Saint George stood 
by comforting them all until they had nobly consummated their 
martyrdom: may their holy blessing be with us all for ever. 
Amen. 

After these things Dadianus commanded them to throw him 
on to an iron bed and to fasten him to it by stakes driven 
through his back. Then he made them fill a brazen vessel with 
lead and heat it until the lead was as liquid as water, and he 
made them open tlje mouth of the Saint and pour it boiling hot 
into his belly; but no harm happened to him. Then the impious 
one commanded them to pull the stakes out of his body and to 
hang him up, head downwards, from the branch of a tree, and 
to tie a stone to his neck: and he passed ten days and ten nights 
hanging down until his blood ran out of his nose like water. 
When ten days had gone by Dadianus the tyrant took him down, 
and there was a little breath left in him. And he made them 

[119] lay him upon the ground and hack his body with a sword from 
the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; and they hacked 
him to pieces. Then he made them beat his head with hatchets 
until it split asunder, and they cut off the top of his head and 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 297 

1 is legs with axes. And he made them bring a large red-hot 
iron rod and thrust it through his right ear, and some servants 
came and drove it through his head until it came out on the 
other side: and they lifted him up like one dead to carry him to 
ihe prison. Now the righteous man was in prison, and was 
suffering great pain by reason of the tortures of his 'holy body, 
md at the third hour of the night when the holy man was in 
igony the Lord Jesus Christ came to him in prison with His 
.aoly angels, and the whole prison was full of light. And the 
Lord said to him, "George, behold I command thee to arise and 
stand upon thy feet healed;" and he straightway arose, and he 
was whole. And the Lord embraced him, and laid His hand 
upon his whole body, and filled him with comfort, and said to 
him, "Arise and go to these impious governors and put them and 
their gods to shame; be of good cheer and fear not, for I am 
with thee always. And I say unto thee, beloved George, that 
there shall be joy in heaven over thy endurance, and the angels 
shall rejoice over thy good fight. Behold now thou shalt endure 
the tortures of these impious governors for six years, and shalt [120] 
die [thrice]; but the third time I Myself will come with My holy 
angels and will receive thy soul, and will make thee to lie down 
in the bosom of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the Paradise 
of their joy;" and when the Lord had spoken these things to him, 
He gave him the salutation of peace and went up to heaven in 
glory, and Saint George was looking after Him. And he passed 
the whole night in prayer until the day broke. 

When the morning came, the lawless governors commanded 
them to bring Saint George to the tribune. Magnentius the 
governor said to him, "0 George, I want to see a sign at thy 
hands, and [if thou do it] verily, by my lord the Sun and by the 
Moon and by Artemis the mother of all the gods, I will believe 
upon thy God, Jesus Christ." [Saint George said to him,] "I 
know that thou dost never speak the truth, but tell me what 
thou wouldst ask now." The governor said to him, "Behold 
there are seventy thrones here [made] of different sorts of wood, 
of which some bear fruit, and some do not. If these, through 

38 



298 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

thy prayer, bud and put forth roots, and the trees which bear 
fruit are distinguished from these which do not, I will believe on 
thy God Jesus." And straightway Saint George bowed his knees 

[121] and prayed to God. When he had said 'Amen', the Spirit came 
upon the thrones and they budded and put forth roots. Those 
which bore forth leaves and fruit, and those which did not bear 
fruit sprouted with leaves [only]. When Dadianus and the other 
impious governors had seen what had happened through the 
righteous man, they were greatly ashamed, and they cried out 
saying, "A great god art thou, Apollo, for thou manifestest 
thy power in dry wood." 

And the lawless governor commanded them to put Saint 
George upon a brass bed and he made them bring two iron nails, 
each a cubit long, and make them red hot and drive them through 
his two shoulders into the bed ; so the righteous man was pinned 
to the bed. Then he made them bring an artificer to split his 
head open with an iron axe, and he made them pour boiling 
pitch through the opening until it filled his belly and ran out 
through his mouth (?) and ears and from under him. And im- 
mediately the fire kindled in his head and in all his body he 
became as a dead man. And they drew the nails out of his 
shoulders 1 and cast him into a brass 'ox', and they heated the 
'ox' which the blessed man was in for three days with vine and 
cypress wood. And the Lord looked upon the sufferings of the 
righteous man and came to him upon a cloud, and extinguished 
the fire under him, and healed all his body; and the brazen 'ox' 

[122] split asunder. And the blessed George came forth like one who 
had been bathing in a bath, and the Lord embraced him, and 
filled him with strength, and gave him the salutation of peace, 
and went up to heaven in glory; and Saint George was looking 
after him. Then the blessed man stood up before the governors 
without any blemish upon him. And when the multitude saw 
what had happened they cried out, "One is the God of George, 
Jesus Christ, help us." Then the governors caused the multi- 



Read NFq>4>tt)i? 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 299 

tud.e which stood round about them to be beheaded with the 
s^vord: thus five thousand souls consummated their martyrdom 
a id received the crown of life on the tenth day of Phamenoth. l 
And the holv man was encouraging them until they consummated 
t icir martyrdom in the peace of God, Amen. 

After these things the governors commanded them to bring 
1 undies of thick vine stakes which they sharpened with knives, and 
\ hen they had set the righteous man upon a stone, they stuck them 
into his holy body, and they gashed his thighs and stuck them 
in them. Then they pulled out the nails of his hands and feet, 
and pricked the places with the sticks, moreover the attendants 
L tlirust two sharp sticks up his nostrils into his head. Then they 
rolled him on the stone and the sticks went into his holy body 
ptntil his blood ran down upon the ground like a stream of water; [123] 
and the righteous man suffered greatly during this torture. And 
then he made them fasten him by his back to a plank of wood 
and put another plank on his belly, and they nailed the two 
planks together and so held the saint fast between them; and 
they brought a huge iron saw and sawed him in two from his 
head to his feet; so he gave up the ghost. And immediately 
the governors saw he was dead they commanded a large brass 
cauldron to be brought, and the body of the saint with his blood 
and all his flesh and anything of it that had adhered to the 
sticks and the teeth of the saw to be thrown into it. Then they 
threw lead and asphalt and pitch (?) into it until the flames 
mounted up to a height of more than fifteen cubits. Now the 
cauldron was placed in a pit dug in the earth to the depth of 
thirty cubits. And the governors commanded them to pile up 
earth over the cauldron and the pit to the height of nine cubits, 
and they built a fortress for the governors over the pit, saying, 
"That the Christians may not find the least particle of one of 
his limbs, or they will build a martyriuin over it." And when 
the attendants were going away, behold there was a great trembling 
in the air, the sun became dark arid the stars appeared at mid- 



1 I. e., March 6. 



300 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

day; and the Lord came down from heaven with thousands of 
angels, and the choirs of the saints, and the twelve Apostles were 

[124] with them and David the king and all the Prophets. Now the 
whole place was filled with so great a light that all those coming 
into the city, and even the impious governors, saw the light which 
fell full upon their faces. And the Lord came to the place where 
the cauldron was and commanded the archangel Gabriel to cleave 
the earth and to bring up the cauldron. Then the Lord cried 
out over the ashes of the bones of the righteous man that were I 
in the cauldron, saying, "George, George, I am the God who 
raised Lazarus from the dead, and I now command thee to stand 
up and come forth from the cauldron;" and the righteous man 
arose straightway and stood up perfect without any defect in him I 
at all. And the Lord embraced him and filled him with power j 
and consolation, saying, "0 George, My beloved, be strong and I 
endure; for I have established a throne for thee in the heavenly 
Jerusalem, the like 1 of which there is not among the thrones of 
all the martyrs which have been from the beginning; and there [ 
shall never be any like unto thee among those who are yet to ' 
come, George, My beloved." And all the multitude of the j 
Prophets and of the Apostles came forward and saluted him, and I 
said to him, "Verily thou art blessed, George, the beloved of j 
God and His angel and of the Cherubim and the Seraphim, and j 
we glorify ourselves in thee and in thy great endurance, and 
especially because thyself alone hast confessed the name of God 

[125] in boldness throughout the whole world and the fulness thereof: 
for this reason our Saviour will confess thee in heaven, and thou 
shalt dwell in unspeakable glory before the face of the whole ij 
creation of heaven and earth/' And he was filled with joy, and 
the Lord gave him the salutation of peace, and He went up to 
heaven with His angels and all His saints in great honour and 
glory. 

And the blessed man came into the theatre of the city with 
his face full of light, and he cried out, saying, "O all ye gover- 
nors, and ye that are with them, all ye soldiers and every 
person in this city, come forth all of you and look upon me, for, 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 301 

by the might of God, I am alive. I am the Galilean George 
jrom Melitene; I am he whom the godless governors slew and 
buried in the earth; but my Lord Jesus Christ raised me up 
rom the dead, for He is the God of heaven and earth." When 
he multitude knew that it was George they cried out, saying, 
'There is no God in heaven or earth except Jesus Christ the 
God of George of Melitene." 

And a certain woman among the multitude whose name was 
Scholastike, who saw the miracle which had taken place, be- 
lieved and cried out to the martyr, saying, "0 my Lord George, 
my son was yoking his ox to plough in the fields when it fell [126] 
down and died; and now, my lord, help us, for we are poor." 
The righteous man said to her, "Take this little stick which I 
now hold in my hand, and go to the field and lay it upon the 
ox, saying, 'George, the servant of the Lord God says, Rise up, 
ox, from the dead';" and she did as Saint George had told 
her, and the ox lived. And she glorified God, and continued with 
Saint George. 

Now there was a multitude of people standing round Saint 
George who was teaching them the knowledge of Christ; and they 
cried out, "One is the God of Saint George the valiant soldier 
of Christ the King." The governors said to the soldiers, "What 
are these loud cries which we hear?" and a soldier said to them, 
"It is for Saint George who has risen from the dead, and the 
multitude cried out, believing that his God has raised him from 
the dead." When the governors heard that George was alive 
again they were wholly stupefied 1 and feared greatly; and they 
said to each other, "Perhaps it is not he." The soldiers said, 
"Behold we will bring him to you that ye may know of a cer- 
tainty that he is George the soldier." And they brought the 
saint to the throne with the whole multitude following after him 
and crying out, "We are Christians boldly;" and they cursed 
the governors, and were enraged at them. And the governors [127] 
commanded the soldiers to attack the multitude, and they slew 



i Read AYNOtnTT in note 1. 



302 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

them from the third hour of that day until the tenth hour of the 
next day; and the number of those who received the crown on 
that day was eight thousand five hundred souls, and they entered 
heaven with glory; may their holy blessing be with us all for 
ever, Amen! 

After these things the governors turned to Saint George and 
said to him, "How didst thou rise from the dead?" The blessed 
man said to them, "My Lord Jesus Christ, for whose sake I 
have suffered all these tortures upon earth, raised me up from 
the dead." And one of the governors whose name was Raklilos 
(sic) answered and said to the righteous man, "Verily I marvel 
at thee how thou hast come forth from this cauldron when thou 
wast fragments, and hadst been buried in the earth. And now 
thou wouldst desire that 1 should believe on thy God in respect 
of the thrones which budded, but we do not know if it was thy 
God who wrought this miracle or our gods. And behold there 
is here, a rock sepulchre in which some of the ancients have been 
buried; now if thou prayest to thy God and He raises them up 
alive I myself will believe upon Him." The blessed George said, 
"I kuow that thou wilt not believe except by the fire which shall 
[128] consume you all, nevertheless, for the sake of the multitude 
standing here I will make manifest the glory of my Lord Jesus 
Christ. Arise then, thou and those whom thou wishest, open the 
tomb and bring hither before this multitude what is therein, that 
the name of my true king may be made manifest to-day." Then 
Rakillos (sic) the governor, and Dadianus the governor, and Dio- 
nysius the governor of Egypt arose and opened the stone tomb, 
and brought out the rotten bones of those who were dead. And 
the governors said to him, "0 George, the bones are rotten and 
have fallen to dust by reason of the length of time 1 [they have 
been buried]. The righteous man said to them, "Bring hither 
the dust"; so the three governors made the attendants carry the 
bones and the dust which they found and bring them and lay 
them before Saint George. Then the blessed man bowed his 



Read MTTlXpONOC- 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 303 

knees and prayed to God, and straightway there was a mighty 
earthquake and lightning and thunders, and the Spirit of God 
oame over the earth and the bones and the dust. And there 
'>ame forth from the dust five men and nine women and a little 
;hild : and great fear came upon the governors and the multitudes 
vho were with them by reason of the miracle which took place, 
md they were all alike frightened. And the governors cried out 
:o one of those who had risen from the dead, and said to him, 
'What is thy name?" He replied, "My name was Boes (sic)" 
The governor said to him, "How many years is it since thou 
didst die?" and he that had been dead replied, "Four hundred 
years." They said to him, "Had Christ come into the world 
when thou wast alive?" and he said to him, "Not yet" And [129] 
the governors said to him, "What god didst thou worship?" and 
he said, "I worshipped the god Apollo, a deaf and blind and 
soulless idol. And it came to pass that when I died they threw 
me into a river of fire [which flowed along] in the depths of hell 
and which consumed me mercilessly, and they kept me in its 

torturing waves for years. And the idol Apollo 

was in it with me and inflicted great sufferings upon me, saying, 
"Know, wretched creature, that I am not God, but a soulless 
idol. Why didst thou forsake thy God and worship Satan? 
for this reason thou shalt now receive everlasting punishment with 
me." And after a time Jesus the Son of the living God came 
down into Amenti, and a cross of light went before Him, and 
all Amenti shone with splendour. And He carried away all the 
captivity of those imprisoned with Him, and when it was the 
Lord's day, God looked upon the remainder of those who were 
being punished and gave, them rest; but to us who served idols 
.there was never any rest given at any time." When the gover- 
nors and the multitudes had heard these things they were stupefied. 
And Dadianus the governor said to him, "By Apollo the mighty 
god, thy understanding has perished by reason of the strength of 
him which has passed over thee: come now, thou and thy brethren 
who have risen from the dead, and worship the great god Apollo." 
Jovinus answered and said to him, "Curses on thee, profane 



304 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

[130] dog, and upon thy polluted Apollo with thee." Then he that 
had risen from the dead threw himself at the feet of the saint, 
saying, "I beseech thee, my lord George, the martyr of Jesus 
Christ, upon whom the armies of God have looked with desire 
to hring him to themselves in Jerusalem, the city of Christ, to 
give us all together the seal of Christ and the baptism of Christ; 
and I beseech thee, my lord George, to pray for us that we 
may not return again to that place from which we have come/' 
When the righteous man saw their faith, he stamped on the 
ground with his foot, and a fountain of exceeding clear water 
appeared, and they all received baptism in it by the hands of 
James the holy Apostle, the brother of John, in the name of the 
Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. And Saint George 
made them go down into the sepulchre and they returned there; 
and they were perfect in peace and entered into the Paradise 
of their joy through the prayer of Saint George. 

And after these things the governors said to each other, 
"What shall we do with this magician?" and they commanded 
to bring the Saint to the tribune. When they had brought him 
they said to him, "By thy sorcery thou hast shown us devils in 
the shape of men;" so they laid him down and beat him with 
spiked clubs until his blood ran down upon the ground. 

Then Dadianus commanded search to be made throughout 

all the city until they found a poor widow woman whose like for 

poverty there was not in the whole city; and he made them put 

[131] the righteous man in her house, saying, "I will disgrace the 

Galilean race." 

Now when it was morning the blessed George rose up, and 
found his body healed of its wounds, and the whole house was 
filled with light. When the soldiers who were with him in the 
house saw the great light they all fell upon their faces. And 
the Lord stayed His chariot over the place where the saint was 
and commanded the archangel Salathiel to minister to the righteous 
man; and the Lord filled him with strength and went up to heaven- 
in glory. And Saint George took hold of the soldiers and raised 
them up and comforted them ; and he sent them on their way in 



THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 305 

peace. Then he stood up in the house of the poor widow woman, 
^nd said to her, "Give me some bread to eat, for I have eaten 
nothing for six days." The poor widow answered, "Forgive me, 
master, but I have no bread in my house." Saint George said 
o her, "What god dost thou believe on?" The widow woman 
mswered, "I believed on Apollo." The blessed man said to her, 
; Verily it is for this reason that thou hast no bread in thy 
louse;" and the woman saw that his face was bright and shining 
jike that of an angel of God. Then she said, "I will go and 
seek after bread for this holy man of God, peradventure I may [132] 
ind favour with my neighbours." When the widow had gone out 
fche righteous man sat down and his face shone brightly, and his 
back leaned upon a wooden pillar close by him which supported 
one of the wooden beams that went into the roof of the house 
of the poor widow. And immediately the back of the righteous 
man touched the wood it took root, and budded, and forced its 
way up through the widow's roof, and towered up more than fifteen 
cubits above the greatest and highest buildings of the city, and 
the archangel Michael came to him and brought him a table of 
food, and the blessed man ate and placed the heavenly bread 
upon the widow's table, and it was filled with exceeding choice 
bread; and Michael blessed her house and filled it full of all 
good things like the palaces of governors. When the woman 
came in and saw the face of Saint George shining like the sun, 
and the table filled with bread and all good things, and the 
pillar of wood that had budded, she said in her heart, "The God 
of the Galileans has come into my house to the wretched in 
spirit, and has helped my poverty." And she hastened and threw 
herself down at the feet of the righteous man and worshipped 
him, saying, "Master, have mercy upon me." Saint George 
answered and said to her, "Rise up, for I am not the God [of 
the Galileans, but only His servant." The woman said to him, 
"If thou art His servant, and I have found favour in thy sight, 
Master, let me speak before thee." The saint said to her, 
,,Speak." The woman said, "I have a child nine months old, [133] 
and he is blind, deaf, and lame, and I am ashamed to show him 

39 



306 THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

to my neighbours. His father died and left him when he had 
been conceived in me four months, and since I gave birth to 
him I have never allowed my neighbours to see him; if now, 
master, thy mercy will help me I will believe upon thy God." 
The righteous man said to her, "The grace of God shall appear 
to-day; bring 1 hither the child to me." And she brought the child 
from the third story of her house and laid him in Saint George's 
bosom. And he prayed over him and made the sign of the cross 
over him and over his eyes, and breathed into his face ; and the 
scales fell from his eyes and he saw immediately. His mother 
said to the saint, "Master, let him hear with his ears and let 
him walk." The righteous man said to her, "0 woman, this is" 
sufficient now; when I call him, he shall hear my voice, and shall 
walk and perform my words;" and she was unable to answer 
him a word, for she saw that his face was like that of an angel 
of God. 

Then the seventy lawless governors came out and walked 
about through the open spaces of the city: and when they saw 
the tree which, through God and Saint George, towered up fifteen 
cubits high above the city, they were all astonished together. 
Dadianus said, "What is this sight which has come to the city 
[134] to-day? and why has this great and lofty tree put forth its leaves 
here?" They said to him, "This miracle has happened through 
George the Galilean;" and the governor commanded to call Saint 
George to him. Tljen he made eight executioners flog him with 
four fourfold leather whips until his flesh fell piece by piece upon 
the ground, and his blood ran through his nostrils like water to 
the ground; and he made them bring blazing torches and put 
under his body. And he made them bring a plank of wood and 
lay him upon it, and they nailed his body to it with seventy 
nails, and poured sulphur and pitch over it, and then set fire to 
it and made it blaze; so the righteous man yielded up his spirit; 
and his bones and his flesh were burned to ashes. Then Da- 
dianus made them take his ashes up to a high mountain called 



Read TOTP TTSXAq NAC 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 307 

Asurion, and they scattered them on the mountain to the winds. 
And when the attendants had turned back and were coming to 
the city, suddenly there were thunders and lightnings and a 
mighty earthquake so that the earth shook to its foundations. 
And behold, our Lord Jesus Christ came upon a cloud of light 
vith all His holy angels praising Him; and He commanded the 
bur winds of the earth to gather together the dust of the body 
3f Saint George. And He cried out with a divine voice, saying, 
'George, My servant and My beloved, rise up from the place where [135] 
fchou liest, for it is I who command thee;" and straightway the 
blessed man arose like a bridegroom coming forth from his 
chamber. And the Lord embraced him, and gave him the salu- 
tation of peace and went up to heaven in glory. 

Then the blessed George ran after the soldiers, saying, "Wait 
a little for me, my brethren, that I may come with you to 
these godless governors." "When the soldiers saw him, they feared 
and marvelled and said with one voice, "0 our Lord Jesus Christ, 
Thou art a mighty God; for Thy holy name's sake, Lord, 
Thou hast raised up alive again the man 1 who was burnt to ashes 
which were driven hither and thither by the winds." And they 
cast themselves down and worshipped Saint George, saying, 
"Master, 1 give us the seal of Christ." When the blessed George 
[saw their faith] he commanded and there welled up a fountain 
of exceeding sweet water, and he prayed, and John the Evangelist 
came and baptised the ten (or twenty) soldiers; and the Evan- 
gelist blessed Saint George and the soldiers and disappeared 
from them. 

Then Saint George and the soldiers came together to the 
governors, and they cried out, saying, "Be ashamed, godless 
governors, for behold Jesus Christ our Lord and God has raised [136] 
up from the dead George whom ye scattered to the winds, and 
for this reason we all now believe on Him and are His soldiers." 
When the governors saw Saint George standing there they mar- 
velled greatly and commanded to take him to prison until they 



Read mpGDMt. 






308 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

had decided what to do with him, As for the soldiers, they gave 
Klekon and his three brothers, Lasiri and Dionysius and Joseph, 
to the wild beasts and they consummated their martyrdom; and 
they took off the heads [of the others] with the sword, and thus 
they consummated their martyrdom and received the imperishable 
crown on the second day of Pashons; 1 may their holy blessing 
be with us all for evermore, Amen. 

After these things the governors commanded them to bring 
Saint George to them secretly that the multitude might not see 
that he was alive and despise them. When they had brought 
him they said to him, "George, we know now that thou art a 
mighty magician, and that there is no one like unto thee in all 
the world. But now, accept one hundred pounds of gold and go 
forth from this city secretly and let no one know it, that thou 
mayest escape these tortures and sufferings which thou hast 
suffered." The blessed man answered and said to them, "0 filthy 
dogs, I forsook the great wealth that my parents left me, and 
which amounted to more than twenty thousand pounds of gold 
and forty thousand pounds of silver, my numberless cattle, my 
[137] male and female servants, my many horses, my ships, my large 
vineyards, my olive groves, and my houses beautiful according to 
the opinion of this vain world; I left all these and my mother 
and sisters for the name of my Lord Jesus Christ, and I endured 
all these sufferings at your hands for love of Him Whom I will 
never forsake. And now ye would advise me to take a thousand 
pounds of gold from you and to deny the God of the Christians 
that I might go into the' pit of Amenti, like you who are doomed 
to everlasting fire, and the devil and all his angels, for ever." 
When the lawless governors heard these things they were 
greatly enraged and commanded them to bring a shoemaker and 
his knife, and they cut the skin of his head in pieces ; they 
brought two red-hot nails and drove them into his eyes and they 
thus dug out his two eyeballs ; they tore out his tongue ; and 
they put his feet in wooden fetters and broke his ankle bones 



I. e., April 27th. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 309 

with axes. Then they took him up and laid him in prison while 
there was still a little life in him, and with one accord they went 
their way together. 

And at midnight the Lord came into the prison with His 
loly angels and laid His hand upon his whole body, and healed 
lim and established him. And He said to him, "Be of good 
iheer, My beloved and holy valorous one, for I, and My Good 
Father, and the Holy Spirit are with thee, and the day is drawing [138] 
Align in which thou shalt receive the sceptre of the kingdom and 
the seven crowns incorruptible for ever and ever". When the 
Lord had said these things to him. He embraced him and filled 
him with might, and He went up to heaven in glory and honour. 

When Dadianus the governor rose up on the morrow, he 
said to the soldiers, "Go ye to the prison, and see what has 
become of this Christian sorcerer;" and when they had gone into 
the prison they found the blessed man as if they had not tor- 
tured him at all. And they cast themselves down and worshipped 
him, saying, "We beseech thee, George, our master, to make 
us servants of thy mighty God." And he taught them concern- 
ing Christ, and through him they were worthy of the gift of 
holy baptism. Then they all came with Saint George to the 
governors, saying, "We are Christians and servants of Christ 
Jesus and God". When the multitudes saw Saint George stand- 
ing there without any harm having happened to him, and his 
face shining like the sun, they cried out, saying, "Verily there is 
no God in heaven or earth except the God of George, Jesus 
Christ our Lord and God, and from henceforth we are His". 

Then the lawless governors were greatly ashamed and en- 
raged, and they commanded the soldiers to take them outside 
the city and to behead them with the sword: thus they con- 
summated their martyrdom and received the crown incorruptible 
for ever and ever on the twenty-fifth day of the month Epiphi. 1 [139] 
Now they were two thousand four hundred and eight in number, 



I. e., July 19. 



310 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

besides the eight soldiers who received baptism : may their holy 
blessing be with us all for ever, Amen. 

Verily, my beloved, if I were to try to describe to you all 
the sufferings which Saint George the righteous and valiant soldier 
of Christ endured, time would fail me before I had recounted 
them all, for they are so many. Moreover a man who passed 
seven years in one place while seventy governors and their armies 
sat round him and tortured him is quite without parallel in all 
the world and the borders thereof. Verily I am astonished and 
I cross myself and I marvel greatly, brethren, that I can 
narrate the marvelworthy contests of holy Saint George the 
great luminary, the beloved of God, the valiant man of Christ, 
who stood alone in the whole world, and whom none confessed 
save Christ. Saint George chid all the governors and rulers 
of the world and manifested that the Lord our strength is the 
God of every one. George, my master, by what holy name 
shall I call thee? Shall I call thee 'Prophet' or 'Lawgiver' or 
shall I say 'Apostle' or 'Martyr' or 'Righteous man' ? In very truth 
thou art worthy, beloved of Christ, to be called by all thesenames, 
but if I call thee 'Prophet' thou excellest the Prophets, and if I call 
thee 'Lawgiver' thou art also more excellent than the Lawgivers. 
[140] They sawed Isaiah 1 in twain with a wood saw once for the sake 
of the truth, and he died at once, so likewise with all the saints : 
but they sawed thee, George, my master, with a two-edged 
sword [and they tortured thee] with the wheels, ..and the two- 
edged swords, and the axes, and for the truth's sake thou didst 
die [three] times. Moses the lawgiver saw but a little of the 
glory of God ; but to thee, George, my master, did God speak 
mouth to mouth in glory and honour. The Apostles who were 
twelve and seventy preached in all the world, each in his own 
country, and rebuked those who served idols and turned them 
to Christ: but thou, brilliant star, hast by thyself rebuked the 
idolaters, and governors with their armies and the whole world, 
and hast overthrown them with the fire of heaven, and hast made 



See Epiphanius, De Prophetarum Vitis, ed. Migne. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTDS. 311 

the name of Christ to shine throughout the whole world. Thou art 
nore exalted than all the martyrs together who have manifested 
iorth works, and it is not I who say this but our Lord Jesus 
Christ the King of Kings Who testified concerning thee, saying, 
'0 blessed one, as among those born of women there is none 
ike unto John [the Baptist], so among all the martyrs who have 
)een and shall be, there shall never be any like unto thee forever." 
Thou art more exalted than the righteous by reason of thy 
patient endurance of hungerings and thirstings and imprisonments, 
and of the tortures which have been inflicted on thy body day and [141] 
aight for seven years and especially by reason of the purity of thy 
body. And, Saint George, sun of the truth, verily thou art 
more exalted than all the patriarchs and judges, and, beloved 
of Christ, I beseech thee not to despise the attempt of my feeble 
intelligence to declare thy exalted honour. Of a truth, I know, 
beloved brethren, that neither I, nor the feeble Theodosius, 
nor those who will come after me, will be able to describe this 
valiant soldier of Christ by reason of the great torture which 
he received for seven years at the hands of seventy wild beasts ; 
but, by the will of God, we will go back and complete our 
encomium that we may show you the end of the holy combat of 
the truly blessed man Saint George. 

And it came to pass after these things when the seventy 
governors saw that they had tortured the saint for seven years 
without having vanquished his firm resolve ; and that they had 
slain him three times and that he had risen from the dead, they 
took counsel to take him by flattery : and so they commanded to 
bring the blessed man up to the tribune. And Dadianus the 
governor said to him, "George, I swear by my lord the Sun, and 
the moon, and by all the gods, and by their mother Artemis, 
that I will receive thee to myself like a beloved son and that I 
will give thee everything that thou shalt ask, even to the half of 
my kingdom will I give thee, if only thou wilt listen to me [142] 
as to a father, and wilt worship Apollo once thou shalt become 
second in the kingdom." The righteous man answered and said, 
"Where have these words of thine been until to-day? Behold 



312 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

thou hast tortured me daily, for seven years, and I have three 
times tasted death at thy hands, but my Lord Jesus Christ raised 
me up, and I escaped from the tortures which thou didst inflict 
upon me. If my Saviour but preserve my soul within me I will 
not only die once but thousands of times, and I will never 
hearken to such words as these. Dost thou not know, king, 
that the whole race of the Galileans loves victory? and that they 
will fight against those who fight against them? And behold 
thy words gladden me this day and thy speech greatly per- 
suades me." When Dadianus heard these things he rejoiced 
greatly, and kissed Saint George upon his head. The blessed 
man said to the governor, "Stand away from me, and kiss neither 
me nor my head until I have first worshipped Apollo, and after 
that do unto me what thou pleasest. And now command them 
to take me to the prison until to-morrow, and when to-day has 
gone and the morning has come, let the herald bid every one 
come to see me worship the gods." Then the governor answered 
and said to him, "Nay, far be it from me to throw thee into 
prison, beloved George, and forgive me for all |the sufferings 
[143] which I have inflicted upon thee, for I was ignorant, and receive 
me as a father, and come with me into the palace where Queen 
Alexandra is in her inner chamber." So the governor took him 
in and put him in the room where the Queen was, and came out 
to the governors and sat at meat with them. 

And when the^ evening had come Saint George bowed his 
knees and prayed, saying, "0 Lord God, there is none like unto 
thee among all the gods, thou art the Lord God and there is 
none that can be compared with thee. Why do the heathen cry 
out and the peoples imagine vain things? The governors and 
the rulers of the earth have gathered together and they speak 
against God and against His Christ." 1 The Queen answered and 
said to him, "0 George, my master, who are these governors and 
rulers who are gathered together? and who is the God Whom 
they resist? and Who is His Christ? teach me, George, my 



1 Psalm ii, 1. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 313 

Diaster." And the blessed man opened his mouth and explained 
t) her the deep questions of the Old and New Scriptures, and 
tms taught her to know the Father and the Son and the Holy 
Spirit. He showed her that it was God who had made the 
Leavens, and the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the 
5 tars, and all creation, and he showed her that the Lord had made 
man out of the dust of the earth, saying, "Did not God create 
him out of the earth? If He did not, whence did he find bones, 
&nd sinews, and skin, and eyes, and tongue, and throat, and the [1*4] 
senses of hearing, and smelling, and the creation of all these 
^vorks? Did not God make all these things and man out of a 
.clod of earth? And He filled him with understanding and wis- 
dom of the true knowledge of God, and placed him in a paradise 
of joy, and gave him His commandments and His words to keep 
like a god. But the man was disobedient to his God, and his 
enemy persuaded him, and he died with him in sin and went 
down to Amenti with him, but not for ever. When God saw that 
which He had made in the snares of His adversary, for His 
goodness' sake He could not bear it, and He sent His beloved 
Son into the world and by the Holy Spirit He took upon Him- 
self flesh of the spotless Virgin and God-bearer? Mary : and she. 
bore as man, God, perfect, in truth, and He was the only man 
without sin. And they crucified Him upon the cross by His own 
desire and by the good will of the Father and the Holy Spirit, 
and He died for us in the flesh that He might redeem us out 
of the hands of our enemy ; and He returned again to His home 
which is the Paradise of joy. When the adversary, the devil, 
saw that mankind knew the true Creator, God, he entered into 
the governors and rulers of the earth and they made idols and 
called them by the names of images of devils, and they wor>- 
shipped them and forsook God the most High their Creator." [H5]< 
The Queen said to him, "Are not these idols demons, George, 
my master, after God?" The blessed man said to her, "Yes, they 
are foul demons". The Queen said to him, "0 George, my 
master, the governor Dadianus knoweth no God except Apollo: 
and now show me how the Son of God came into the world." 

40 



314 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

The blessed man George said, "Hearken unto me, Queen 
Alexandra, and hearken unto David who says, 'Thou that sittest 
upon the cherubim show Thyself, lift up Thy strength and come 
to deliver us,' And again David saith, 'He shall come down 
like rain upon the mown grass', that is to say to the Virgin. 
Listen, Queen, to Habakkuk the prophet, who said, '0 God, 
I heard the noise of Thee and I was afraid 5 and I gave attention 
to Thy words and was speechless ;' now the Holy Spirit spake all 
these things". 1 The Queen said to him, "Master, why did the 
prophet fear when he heard the voice of God, and why was he 
speechless when he considered His works?" The blessed man 
said to her, "Listen, Queen. The prophet was afraid because 
he knew that God would come down from heaven; and he was 
speechless because he knew that He would dwell with men". 
The Queen answered and said to him, "Verily thou speakest well, 
[146] O perfect illuminator; I beseech thee to pray to God for me that 
He may drive away from me the snares of foul idols". The 
blessed George said to her, "Believe in the holy and consub- 
stantial Trinity, and no blemish of idols shall in any wise come 
near to thee". The Queen said, "Master, I believe, but I am 
afraid of this sinful governor and evil beast, for in truth he 
devours the flesh of men and is more lawless than any other man 
living upon earth. And, George, my master, keep this secret 
until I come to thee in the court of Christ the mighty King; 
leave me now to rest myself a little, holy father, and God 
knows that I will cling fast to thee". 

When the morning had come, the evil and lawless governor 
commanded them to bring the blessed man out to him from the 
palace into the temple of the city. And the governor sent to 
him, saying, "Haste thee and come forth to me and worship the 
gods that thou mayest receive great honours from the hands of 
all the governors ; that they may give to thee a kingly sceptre ; 
that my heart may be joyful in thee, exceeding pleasant and 
beloved one ; and that every one may see thee [sacrifice] before 

i Habakkuk iii, 2. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

ve go in to sit at meat". The blessed man said to him, "Sit 
ihee down with the other governors here until I have sacrificed 
io the gods, and I will return unto thee". And the herald cried 
out with a loud voice saying, "Gather together to-day, all ye 
people, into the temple that ye may see George the mighty [147] 
jalilean worship Apollo the great god". And straightway the 
.vhole city was gathered together, both men and women and 
:hey all marvelled greatly at the blessed George the migthy 
illuminator, and said to one another, "What has happened to the 
righteous man?" When the widow woman [whose son Saint 
George had healed] heard these things about the blessed George, 
she cried out among the whole multitude, saying, "0 George, 
my master, the valiant soldier of Jesus Christ the King, my God, 
thou who hast wrought thousands of miracles and mighty deeds 
in this city ; who hast raised the dead, given light to the blind, 
made the lame to walk, the dumb to speak, and the deaf to 
hear ; who hast cleansed the lepers, and cast out devils, * and hast 
been an enlightener of the whole world ; George, my master, 
who didst make the dried up pieces of wood to bear fruit again; 
who didst come into my house when I was poor, and I became 
exceeding rich, and who when I was wandering turned me to God 
the true Almighty ; wilt thou, after all these things which thou 
hast wrought in the name of Christ, worship Apollo the polluted, 
and put to shame the whole Christian people?" When Saint 
George heard her say these things he rejoiced at the firmness 
of her faith, and he smiled a holy smile at her, and said, "Put [148] 
thy child down upon the ground," and she put him down. The 
saint answered and said to the child, "Christ my God says unto 
thee, 'Arise, come to Me and perform My words' ;" and straight- 
way his ears heard and his legs received strength, and he came 
to Saint George. And Saint George said to him in presence of 
all the multitude, "Go into the temple of Apollo and say to Apollo, 
'0 idol, blind, deaf, senseless and foolish one, come forth, for 
George, the servant of God, called thee' ;" and the little child 



B 



316 THE ENCOMIUM OE BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

went into the temple and spake thus. And straightway the spirit 
which sojourned in the idol cried out, "0 Jesus the Nazarene, 
Thou drawest every thing to Thee. "Why hast Thou now raised 
up this little boy against ine?" And straightway the idol leaped 
down from his pedestal and came to the righteous man George. 
And the saint George said to the idol, "I am not the God of 
the Christians". The demon said to the saint ; "Bear with me 
a little, master, and I will show thee every thing;" and Saint 
George said to him, "Speak". And the spirit said to him, "I 
am the God of the Hellenes and a demon of darkness, but of 
old time, master, I was an angel of God. Through my dis- 

[149] obedience to God, He commanded, and heaven was shut against 
me, and I was cast out from it, and became a devil. And I was 
jealous of mankind, for God took them up to heaven and cast 
me down into the depths of the earth, and therefore I became 
the adversary of mankind and made them to forsake God and 
to worship idols that God might cast them down with us into 
the abyss." Saint George said to him, "0 evil and wicked snarer, 
since thou didst choose darkness of thy own free will, why didst 
thou become an enemy of God's image" ? The spirit said to him 
"I swear by the seven heavens of heaven, and the circle of the 
sun and of the moon, and the orbit of the abyss, if power had 
been granted to me I would have led thee astray. And I go up 
to the gates of heaven, and I listen to the sentence of death 
which comes forth from the mouth of God, and I bring numbers 
of afflictions upon every soul of mankind; and I bring sleep upon 
men and women in church that they may not listen to the words 
of God and deliver themselves from their punishments." Saint 
George said to him, "0 wretched one, thou hast laid hold upon 
me several times, but by the power of my Lord Jesus Christ thou 
didst find nothing of thyself in me ; and now, polluted one, 
receive the punishment which God shall bring upon thee for ever 
and ever." Then Saint George with his foot smote the earth 

[150] which opened yawning down to hell, and he said to the spirit, 
"Go down into the abyss, thou and the idol in which thou 
sojournest, and give speech unto all the souls that thou hast led 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 317 

Astray from God;" and straightway he went down into the abyss 
before every one, and the earth closed over him. 

Then the righteous man loosed his garments, and went into 
,he temple, and made his way to the idol called Herakles, and 
*aid to him, "0 wicked spirit who inhabitest this temple come 
brth from it, for I am George, and I have come against thee in 
vvrath ;" and straightway all the demons which dwelt in the idols 
disappeared. And Saint George loosed his shoe latchets and 
went against the idols upon their pedestals, and they fell down 
and became as dust, and he trampled upon them all with his 
feet. When the priests saw the destruction in the temple they 
rent their clothes, and went to the governors and showed them 
every thing that had happened. And they were filled with wrath 
and sent servants to bind Saint George, and they brought him to 
the governors with a whole multitude of people following after 
him, all crying out, "We are Christians, and we belong to the 
God of George." Then Dadianus the governor said to Saint 
George, "0 most wicked of all Christians, didst thou not swear 
to me last night, saying, 'I will worship Apollo'?" The righteous 
man said to him, "Go, governor, and bring Apollo to me and 
I will worship him before thee." And again the blessed man said, 
"If thou wilt bring Herakles himself here I will worship him 
before thee". The governor said to him, "Where shall I find 
Apollo or Herakles, for according to what the priests have told 
me thou hast smashed Herakles to pieces and hast sent Apollo 
down into the abyss; and wouldst thou also send me thither 
alive, George?" Saint George said to him, "0 senseless one, 
since thou art persuaded that they were not able to help them- 
selves, how could they deliver thee in the great day of the true 
Judge when every one shall receive according to what he hath 
done?" Then the governor was greatly ashamed, and rose up 
and went into the palace and said to the Queen, "0 Queen 
Alexandra, I suffer much through this race of Christians, but 
sepecially through this magician George." The Queen said to 
him, "Have I not told thee, pestilential flesh devourer, to let 
this race of Christians alone, for the King of heaven is their 



318 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

God, and He is the God of heaven and earth and will humble 
thy pride straightway." The lawless governor said to her, "I 
think, Queen Alexandra, that the magic of George, who came 

[152] to thee, has entered into thee." And she said to him, "My Lord 
Jesus Christ has called me by the holy calling of George." 
When the lawless governor heard the name of Christ from her 
mouth, he was greatly enraged, and laid hold of her hair, and 
came forth to the governors : and he showed her all the sufferings 
which could be caused by the instruments of torture and brought 
her to the governors and told them everything she had said. 
Then the governors commanded to hang her up naked upon the 
wooden horse, but she held her peace, and her eyes looked up 
to heaven, and she said to Saint George, "0 George, my master, 
pray for me, for I suffer greatly." The righteous man said to 
her, "Bear patiently for a little, Queen, that thou mayest 
receive the incorruptible crown from the hands of my Lord Jesus 
Christ." The Queen said to him, "Master, what shalt I do, for 
I have not received Christian baptism?" The blessed man said 
to her, "Be of good cheer, for thou shall receive baptism in the 
fountain of thine own blood by the stroke of the sword;" and 
they straightway passed the sentence of death upon her, that her 
head was to be cut off by the sword. And when they took her 
out to take off her holy head, she cried out, saying, "Behold I 
have kept open the door of my palace [to Thee], my Lord Jesus 
Christ, open to me the paradise of joy, and receive me to Thy- 
self without shame." And when she had said these things they 

[153] took off her holy head on the fifteenth day of Pharmuthi, 1 and 
she received her crown incorruptible for ever. 

After these things the governors were gathered together to 
Saint George, and said to him, "Behold, George, thou hast 
destroyed the Queen and hast gained an advantage over us." 
Magnentius the governor said to them, "Let us pass the sentence 
of death upon him lest he destroy us all." Then Dadianus the 
governor sat down and wrote the death sentence of the blessed 



I. e., April 9. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA TBEODOTUS. 319 

nan George, saying "George of Melitene, the chief of the Gali- 
leans, hath set behind his back the decrees of the seventy gover- 
nors of the. whole world, the ministers of the victorious gods; 
^e therefore command that his head be taken off with the sword; 
,ind know, ye peoples, that we are guiltless of his blood;" and 
he seventy governors signed the sentence of death. And Saint 
Jreorge took his sentence of death in his holy hands, and came 
brth with gladness, rejoicing greatly. When he came out to the 
place where he was to consummate his martyrdom, he said to 
die soldiers, "Brethren, wait a little for me, that I may pray to 
my God for these seventy lawless governors, who, as ye know, 
have tortured me for seven years." Now the governors had left 
the saint and had prepared a feast, and were rejoicing at the 
death of the blessed man. Then the blessed man looked up to 
heaven and said, "0 my Lord Jesus Christ, who didst make fire 
come from heaven by the words of Thy servant Elijah the Prophet [154] 
and devour the two captains of fifty and their hundred soldiers, send 
down to me, my God, of that same fire that it may devour 
these seventy lawless governors." And while the words were 
yet in his mouth, fire came forth from heaven and devoured the 
seventy lawless governors who held their cups of wine untasted 
in their 'hands; and the fire also devoured the five thousand 
godless soldiers who served them. Now the soldiers who were 
with Saint George knew not of the matter until they had taken 
off his holy head. When the righteous man knew that the fire 
had devoured the impious ones, he bowed his knees, and prayed, 
saying, "0 my Lord and God, the joy of my soul and spirit, the 
Father of my Lord Jesus Christ, hearken unto Thy servant 
George this day, and receive me to Thyself in Thy abundant joy. 
my Lord, I see standing here a mighty multitude who think 
to take my body away with them when I shall soon have con- 
summated my martyrdom. Thou knowest, my Lord, that my 
body will not suffice for the whole world, but hear me, Lord, 
at this present, and grant a favour to my 'name, that through Thee 
there may be salvation and help to all the world; so that Thou, 
Jesus Christ our Lord, together with Thy Good Father, and 



320 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

the Holy and Vivifying Spirit, mayest have the glory which is 
meet for Thee, for ever and ever, Amen." And when he had 
said 'Amen', the whole firmament was filled with the angels of 
the Highest, and our Lord Jesus Christ came to him seated upon 

[155] the Cherubim and Seraphim, and the company of the Prophets 
and the Apostles, and the martyrs, and all the saints, and all 
the hosts of heaven were praising Him ; and all the soldiers who 
were with the blessed man slept, and became as dead men. And 
the Lord said to the blessed George, "Hail, My George! Hail, 
beloved of Myself and of My angels! Hail, champion of the 
kingdom of heaven! Blessed art thou this day, George My 
beloved, for I have made ready for thee seven crowns of glory 
in the hands of My Father, and He will place them upon thy 
head this day. Blessed art thou, My beloved George, for I 
have prepared for thee a royal crown set with gold and pearls 
and I will put it on thy head with My own hands this day. Blessed 
art thou this day, My beloved George, for there is prepared 
for thee a great and exalted throne beautifully set with exceeding 
fine gold and a true priceless stone, and they will seat thee upon 
it this day in the highest heavens by the Holy Ghost. Blessed 
art thou, My beloved George, for the pearly gates of the 
tabernacles of light are open to thee, and thou shalt go into the 
presence of the Holy Trinity and none shall prevent thee. Blessed 
art thou, My beloved George, the valiant one, for My Good 
Father has written thy name upon the chariot of the Holy 
Trinity, that whosoever shall say, "0 God of George, help us, 

[156] hear us," them thou shalt hear straightway. Blessed art thou, 
My beloved George, for thou didst confess My name, and the 
Good Father, and the Holy Ghost, before the governors of the 
whole world, and I will confess thee in heaven where thou shalt 
be in great light. And I say unto thee, My beloved, that 
inasmuch as among all mankind and in the whole world there 
was, for three years, no one able to confess My name, neither 
elder, nor deacon, nor a lay person, except thyself alone, and 
thou didst stand up before the seventy governors of the whole 
world, I swear by My right hand, My beloved one ,that I will 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 321 

establish a covenant with thee that when thou shalt bow thyself 
upon thy spiritual face in heaven and shalt come with all thy 
congregation to worship the holy Trinity, all the saints shall 
know thee by reason of the honour which I will show thee, O 
My beloved, and they all shall know that thou art George the 
beloved of God, and shall adore thee according to the command 
of My Good Father. And moreover, behold now My beloved, 
1 have joined thy name to Mine that it may be a haven of safety 
throughout the whole world, that every man or woman who shall [157] 
happen to be in danger by judgments, by executioners, by prisons, 
by seas, by waters, or in harbours, or by travelling, by attacks, 
by thieves, by wild beasts, by fire, by lions, by violent death, by 
any necessity, by a multitude of deep afflictions, or in short by 
any afflictions whatever that befall the children of men, and they 
cry up to Me in thy name three times, saying, "0 God of George^ 
help us," I will hear them quickly and will fulfil every thing that 
they shall ask with their heart. The name of every one 1 who 
shall build a martyrium in thy name, or who shall cause a book 
of thy sufferings and thy contests to be placed in a church 
for reading in thy name, will I write in the Book of Life, and 
1 will cause him to be in the same place with thee in my king- 
dom for ever. Whosoever shall make a gift, or an offering of 
first-fruits to the church in thy name, or who shall feed the poor 
in thy name, or the widow on the day of thy glorious comme- 
moration, to him will I give help in this world, and I will make 
him to enjoy with thee the good things of My kingdom. Who- 
soever shall clothe one naked person in thy name, him will I 
clothe with the garments of heaven. Whosoever shall burn a 
lamp in the church in thy name or a little incense, upon him 
will I make My angels shine when he shall come to Me in joy. 
Whosoever shall give thy name to his son in faith, his heart will 
I comfort within him. Whosoever shall receive a stranger in thy 
name, his sins will I forgive him, and I will receive him into My 
kingdom for ever. And I swear to thee by Myself, George 



i Read OyO^ pODMt NIBFN. 

41 



322 THE ENCOMIUM OE BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

My beloved, as I have already said to thee, so I now say again 
to thee, that among those born of women there is none like unto 
John the Baptist, and that among the company of martyrs there 
shall be none like unto thee, neither among those who have been, 
nor among those who shall be. And now hasten, My beloved, 
and fulfil thy dispensation that I may take thee up with Me upon 
the chariot of the cherubim, and give thee as a gift to My Good 
Father and the Holy Spirit; and all the angels of heaven will 
rejoice with thee, for they are awaiting thee. As concerning thy 
body I will now cause an earthquake to take place that no man 
among these multitudes may take thy body away with him until 
thy servants come to carry it away. And behold, I have already 
taken thy mother, and thy two sisters, and thy bride, who was 
betrothed to thee, to My kingdom before thee that they might 
not see thy death in this world, but that they might see thee, 
and thy father, and thy dear [adopted] father, and the great glory 
which I will give thee in My kingdom in heaven ; and behold, for thy 
sake, I have destroyed the lawless governors of the whole world. 
When thy blood has been poured out upon the ground, the service 
of idols shall cease, and men shall glorify My name throughout 
[159] the whole world. I will cause thy kinsman to build a shrine for 
thee in thy city and to lay thy body in it with honour. And after 
a short time Satan will stir up a persecution against the churches, 
and the blood of thousands of martyrs throughout the whole 
world shall be shed v And when twenty-one years have gone by, 
the impious governor of that time shall take counsel to destroy 
thy holy shrine by reason of the mighty deeds which I will work 
by thee in thy holy shrine. And he will send a general with his 
soldiers to do this thing, but I will cause thee to destroy him 
by an exceeding violent death, even as thou hast destroyed these 
governors, and the persecution shall cease through thee. And I 
will send thee to destroy that impious governor, and I will seat 
another in his place according to the command of My Good 
Father. And he shall build for thee a splendid and beautiful 
shrine, and he shall glorify thy church; and the whole world shall 
serve me in freedom for ever. And I will build thee a multitude 



THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTDS. 323 

of shrines throughout the whole world; I will make all the 
nations of the whole world to glorify thee ; I will make thy name 
to fill the whole world ; I will make a multitude of gifts to thy 
shrine; and I will make men to celebrate thy festival in the 
whole world and especially the day of thy commemoration, which 
is the day of the consummation of thy martyrdom. I will make 
all creatures upon earth to enjoy this day; and I will crown the 
fruits of the earth on the day in which thou art crowned; and 
on the day of the dedication to thee of the first-fruits of the 
earth, which is the seventh day of Athor, 1 thy name, My[i60] 
beloved George, My valiant soldier, shall be exalted in heaven 
and glorious upon earth for ever and ever, Amen." And when 
the Lord had said these things to him, He filled him with power 
and joy, and the blessed man rejoiced greatly and exulted, 
saying, "I thank thee, my Lord Jesus, that thou hast honoured 
me more than I deserve;" and the Lord made the sign of the 
cross over him, and disappeared from his sight. Then the holy 
man roused the soldiers, saying, "Come, my brethren, and perform 
that which has been commanded you:" and he straightway 
stretched out his neck and the soldiers took off his holy head, 
and there came forth from it blood and milk. And the Lord 
caused Michael to receive the blood and milk in his garment of light, 
and the Lord received his soul in to His own hands, and embraced 
it, and He 2 wrapped it in the purple of the aether and ascended 
into the heights with it. And the whole firmament was filled 
with the holy angels and the company of the saints, and they 
hymned it until the Lord gave it as a gift to His Good Father 



1 I. e., November 3. According to^the Coptic calendar this is the day 
on which St. George of Alexandria was martyred. Theodotus here seems to 
confuse George of Alexandria with George the Megalo-martyr. This mistake 
has also been made by Ludolf who calls this George && ' rt^YO^T : 'chief 
martyr.' Ludolf, Hist. Aeth. Comment, p. 397, November 3 and note r. 

2 According to Coptic tradition St. George is the only martyr who was 
esteemed worthy of being carried up to heaven by Christ. His task of carrying 
the souls of martyrs up to heaven was usually deputed to an archangel, as in 
the case of Eusebius whose soul was taken up to heaven by Raphael. See 
Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyres de UEgypte, p. 38. 



324 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

and the Holy Spirit. And He put upon it a garment of light 
and an excellent diadem of gold set with precious stones, and 

[161] there were seven crowns upon the diadem wreathed with the 
flowers of the tree of life, and the Lord wrote his name with 
the first-born for ever. And He caused the whole company of 
heaven and all the bands of the saints to seat him upon a throne 
and to celebrate a festival with him in the heavenly Jerusalem. 
And after these things there were earthquakes and thunders 
and lightnings and violent rains, and all the people who were 
standing by and the soldiers fled into the city. But Pasikrates 
the servant of Saint George stood outside beside the body of 
his master and wept over him, and there was neither rain nor 
storm in the place where the body of the saint was, but the 
whole place was full of light. Then the two servants of Saint 
George who were in the city, came out to their fellow-servant 
who was outside weeping by the body of their master, and when 
they saw that they had taken off his head, they straightway cast 
themselves down upon him, and worshipped him, and wept ; and 
Apa Pasikrates told them everything that the Lord had said to 
their master, and they were exceeding glad. And they joined 
his holy head to his blessed body, and the head clave to it as 
if it had never been cut off from it; and there was no mark of 
the sword stroke left on it. And his servants said to one another, 
"Verily God hath received our master unto Himself, and He will 
perform for him everything that He hath promised him." Then 

[162] they took the holy body sprinkled with incense and carried it into 
the house which they had hired for the seven years, and there 
was no one in it except themselves, and they hid it there. And 
there was darkness and an earthquake, and the sea rose up over 
the city wishing to submerge it; and the faithful who had heard 
the words of the Lord when He spake with the blessed George, 
cried out, "0 God of George, help us in this need;" and straight- 
way the sea went down and the storm ceased, and the sun came 
forth. And on the morrow the servants of Saint George sought 
after the governors, and when they found that the Lord had 
destroyed them there was great joy throughout the whole world, 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 325 

and they opened the doors of the churches again everywhere. 
r .Lhen the servants of Saint George bought exceeding fine nap- 
i:ins and very precious incense, and they carefully prepared the 
)ody of their lord for burial, and carried it secretly through the 
oity, and laid it in a ship, and brought it to Diospolis together 
vith the account of his sufferings. And they found that the 
-elatives of Saint George had gone to their rest in God. Now 
:here was there a man called Andrew, the brother of Saint 
George's mother, and he received the body of the saint into his 
house rejoicing greatly. And the whole city was gathered together 
and they built a shrine to him in Saint George's own house, and [163] 
they sent to Jerusalem and brought the Archbishop, Abba 
Theodosius, who consecrated it on the seventh day of the month 
Athor, and they laid his holy remains in it. And on this same 
day, that is to say, the seventh day of the month Athor, they 
celebrated the holy sacrifice of the holy body and glorious blood 
of our Lord Jesus Christ; and many signs and miracles took 
place in the holy shrine of Saint George. And Saint George 
came down from heaven according to the command of the Lord, 
and destroyed Euchios the general, and plucked out the eyes of 
Diocletian, and drove him forth from the palace, and set Constantine 
the emperor on the throne in his stead. And Constantine opened 
the churches throughout the whole world ; he threw open the prison 
doors; he manifested forth the Cross; he confirmed the orthodox 
faith; he built the Church of the Resurrection of our Lord in 
Jerusalem and many churches throughout the whole world. And 
he went into the shrine of the Church of the Resurrection, 1 and 
prayed there, and he went into the shrine of Saint George with 
his mother Helena, and his sister Eudoxia, and Saint George 
appeared to him by night, and told him what he should do. And 
he built the holy shrine of Saint George in Diospolis, which 
formerly was small, and made it beautiful, and it is that in which [164] 
the many signs and mighty deeds which are written in other 



1 The Church of the Resurrection was dedicated by Constantine A. D. 335 
See Tillemont, Histoire des Empereurs, iv, 227. 



326 THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

books than this took place. And they glorified God and His 
holy martyr Saint George, who consummated his strife on the 
twenty-third of the month Pharmuthi at the ninth hour of the 
day of preparation, and all those who were martyred through 
Saint George, being twenty-eight thousand six hundred and eighty, 
and Alexandra the Queen, and they received the incorruptible 
crown through our Lord Jesus Christ, and they now delight 
themselves with Saint George in Jerusalem the city of all the 
saints. 

And behold now, [my brethren] we have hitherto only made 
known to you concerning the sufferings and the honourworthy 
strife which Saint George the victorious warrior of our Lord 
Jesus Christ endured patiently; but let us now consider the 
exalted honours which he received in heaven through our Lord 
Jesus Christ. Hear then, beloved, what I the feeble Theodotus, 
have seen with my own eyes and heard with my own ears. 

It came to pass in the time of the God -loving emperor 
Theodosius of glorious memory that on the first day of his reign 
he saw a marvellous thing, 1 he saw Saint George come from 
heaven with great glory and the archangel [Michael] with him, 
and he seated the God -loving emperor Theodosius upon the 
[165] throne of the Greeks, and his faith within him was strong in 
Saint George all the time [of his rule]. And when he had 
reigned twenty years he built a large church to the name of 
Saint George 2 , and he gathered together all the Bishops to the 
consecration of the church of Saint George, and he sent for all 
the Bishops and even for my feeble self, a weak old man. And 
when we had consecrated the holy church in the name of God 
and of Saint George, the precentor (?) sang the Psalms in their 
proper order, and the emperor and his nobles and the whole 



1 See Amelineau, Contes et Romans d'figypte, ii pp. 152 166. 

2 I have not been able to find any mention of the building of a church 
to St. George by Theodosius; but Constantine built a church to him at Lydda 
and another at Constantinople. See Acta Sanctorum Apl. 23, p. iii, col. i, 
and Tillemont, Memoir es, v. p. 185. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 327 

city were with us. And after the emperor and the whole multi- 
tude had sat down, he commanded the martyrdom of Saint 
Ueorge to be read, for that day was the twenty-third ef Phar- 
lauthi, and we listened breathlessly. But when the reader came 
lo that place where God testified to Saint George, saying, "There 
is none like unto thee among all the martyrs, neither shall there 
')e any like unto thee for ever," the subject puzzled me, and I 
;aid, "Since so many generals and eparchs and governors of 
this world have forsaken all the glory of this world, and their 
:-ank, and wealth, and have died for the name of our Lord Jesus 
Ohrist under the impious and lawless emperor Diocletian, hou 
can this holy martyr be more exalted than they all? When we[i66] 
had celebrated the Holy Communion and the evening had come, 
we lighted a lamp for the emperor, and lay down to sleep, and 
neither the emperor nor any of the others did eat, but he slept 
with us in the holy church. Now it was the evening of the 
Lord's day, for the consecration of the church took place on the 
Sabbath day. And when the night had come and we had, as 
was meet, performed the office for the night, and had said, 
'Amen', we sat down to speak of the mightiness of God, and the 
emperor came with us. And one of our fathers, a Bishop, 1 was 
taken up to heaven in a vision, and he saw most exalted mysteries 
the which it is not lawful for an earthly being to utter. He 
said, "I saw that I was standing before the throne of the Father, and 
I saw thousands of thousands, and myriads of myriads praising the 
holy Trinity, and coming in bands, and they worshipped God, 
and glorified Him, and blessed Him, and made their requests, 
and afterwards they stood in rows, and no earthly creature could 
describe the glory and the great honour which they had received 
from the Trinity. And I saw one coming forth from within the 
veil like unto a king wearing a diadem of gold with seven crowns 
upon it, and he was riding upon a white horse, 2 and he was many 



1 The Bishop appears to have been Theodotus himself. See page 329, 
line 8. 

2 In Brit. Mus. MS. Or. 713, fol 2&, there is a coloured picture of the 
martyr having overcome a scaly, winged dragon and riding upon a white horse. 



328 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

times brighter than the sun, and was equipped with sword and 
armour and the apparel of a king; in short his kingly dignity 

[167] was immeasurable. And when he came forth a mighty multitude 
followed him on this side and on that, and I saw all the saints 
bowing down before him, and when I looked I was speechless, 
and I wished to know who he was. And I looked on my right 
hand and I saw a monk standing having wings like an angel of 
God, and he wore a kingly crown and raiment the like of which 
there is not among the kingdoms of the world, and he had a 
golden staff in his right hand, and his face was full of joy, and 
great glory surrounded him. And I besought him, saying, 'My 
father, I beseech thee to show me who thou art that art in 
such honour as this.' And he embraced me and said to me, 'I 
am Paul 1 of Tamma, and well hast thou come, shepherd of 
our true King, our Lord Jesus Christ;' and when he had said 
these things to me I rejoiced that I had found freedom of speech 
before him. And I said to him, '0 master, my holy father, 
inasmuch as thou hast deemed me worthy of thy holy salutation, 
I beseech thee to tell me who is this great king that has just 
come, to whom all this multitude has bowed the knee?' Then 
the blessed man's mouth broke into a spiritual smile and he 
said to me, 'Knowest thou not who this is?' And I said to him, 

[168] <0 father, how should I know who this is since I have never 
seen him before?' He answered and said to me, 'I have been 
sent to thee to make thee certain jof the things which thou didst 
ponder over in thy heart yesterday in the church concerning 



i Paul of Tamma in the nome of Koeis, TTAyAe 

TTTAU) KOFIC is mentioned in the narrative of a journey made by 
Paul and Ezekiel in the mountain of Meroeit. See Zoega, Catalogue, p. 368, 
line 22. On a stele published in the Recueil des Travaux, v. p. 63 Paul of 
Tamma, TTpFMAAMMA, is invoked with the Persons of the Trinity and 
several of the Saints. Koeis has been identified with the Cynopolis of Strabo 
and the modern Arabic town called ^^^.aJl el-Q,is. See Champollion, UEgypte, 
pp. 301303; Quatremere, Memoires , pp. 141, 515 and Renaudot, Hist. 
Patriarch. Alexandria, pp. 176, 184, 450, 458. 



THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 329 

Saint George, the beloved of God, the chosen martyr exalted 
above all the saints according to the words of our Saviour. Tin 
works of every soul which comes forth from the body, whether 
of righteous men or whether of sinners, are manifested forth on 
the spiritual 1 tablet and the soul is in its presence always, and 
its deeds are written upon it. When it pleased my Lord 
Jesus Christ to take me, His servant, to my rest and to visit 
me, I came forth from the world, and He esteemed me worthy 
of His goodness, and He brought me into His city, and I saw 
this being whom thou hast seen. And he had on this royal 
diadem with seven crowns above it, and I looked upon it and read 
the writing which was written upon it, which said, 'I am George 
of Melitene, from Diospolis, who died three times for the name 
of our Lord Jesus Christ,' and I saw all the saints bowing their 
knees before him. Now I had endured many sufferings for the 
name of our Lord Jesus Christ and died four 2 times, and I said 
within myself, 'Behold, I am equal to him in honour,' and I 
refrained from bending the knee to him. And straightway, in a 
moment, He who knows the hearts of all men sent the Archangel [169] 
Michael to me who said, '0 excellent Paul, why hast thou not 
taken part in the spiritual salutation according to the command 
of the Almighty?' and I told him what was in my heart. Then 
he took me immediately to the holy Apa Noub the confessor, 
who had been both a monk and a martyr, and he showed him 
the command of God. The holy confessor said to me, '0 Paul 
my holy father, go and perform the command of God, and say 
not, I have suffered like the mighty George, for thou, of thine 
own free will, [didst suffer] greatly; bat that just man did for 
God's sake suffer by axes, by double edged hatchets, by saws, 
by nails, by fire, by two edged swords, and by the mouths of 
wild beasts. And I say unto thee, my beloved one, that when 



1 Theodotus means that the tablet existed in form only. 

2 Seven times. Amelineau, Conies et Romans (Vfigypte, ii. p. 160. The 
monk Paul had a mania for committing suicide: which he is said to have 
done seven times 

42 



330 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 

the attendant cometh and sayeth unto thee, 'The Lord calleth 
for thee, come,' is not thy going better than seventy years of a 
monk's life in his cell?' When I heard these things I changed 
my mind through the words of the archangel and the holy man, 
and I said, 'Forgive me'; and they rejoiced with me, and I went 
to the holy martyr of Christ and straightway made obeisance 
before him. [And the holy man said], <0 faithful shepherd of Christ, 
console thyself, for there is no one like unto thyself among the martyrs 

[170] who are crowned [except] Saint George himself.' And while the 
holy man (Paul of Tamma) was talking with me, Saint George 
the soldier of Christ came up to me with his face beaming with 
rays of light, and he saluted me and filled me with joy and 
gladness, and said to me, 'When thou goest to thy city Ancyra, 
build thou a temple to me in it, that I may come and dwell 
with thee, for it will be one hundred and five months before 
thou shalt come to me in this holy city.' When he had said 
these things to me I rose up straightway from my vision." When 
the emperor and the twelve Bishops saw the radiant face of that 
Bishop they knew that he had seen a revelation, and they 
entreated him to tell them what he had seen. And he, as his 
mind came to him, told them all the vision he had seen, and 
they marvelled greatly, and glorified God and the holy martyr 
Saint George. And the emperor answered and said, "On the 
day when God seated me, unworthy though I be, upon the Roman 
throne, I saw with* my sinful eyes, Saint George with glorious 
visage come from heaven holding a sceptre of gold in his right 
hand, and the archangel Michael was with him. And I saw a 
diadem of gold and seven crowns upon his head, and he shone 
a thousand times brighter than the sun, and he came to me filled 
with joy, and took hold of me, and seated me upon the imperial 

[171] throne, and a number of the nobles of the army saw him face 
to face. And I saw him again in his holy church and he showed 
me things that would do good to my soul." Now when I (Theo- 
dotus) heard these things, I blessed my Lord Jesus and His 
holy martyrs. After these things that Bishop went to his city 
and built a beautiful church in the name of God and Saint 






THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTU8. 331 

George, and consecrated it with his own hands before he came 
out of the body. Now that Bishop was one of the three hundred 
and eighteen Bishops that were gathered together in Nicea ; * 
and he filled the office of Bishop for seventy-five years, and he 
died in God when he was one hundred and eighteen years old. 
Behold now, beloved brethren, we have told you these 
things of the great honours which God has vouchsafed to the 
valiant soldier of strength, the mighty athlete, Saint George, 
whose festival is celebrated this day throughout all earth and heaven, 
and of the remainder of his glory and of the mighty and exalted 
honour he holds in the heavenly Jerusalem, the city of Christ 
the King. And now beloved, blessed of God, since we know 
of a truth that Saint George has drawn nigh to God in this 
manner and has obtained freedom to enter into the presence of 
the Holy Trinity at all times and to show favour to every one, 
let us make ourselves champions, through love, of our poor brethren 
and strangers; let us love one another, let us keep innocence, 
and it shall come to pass to all of us, beloved, that Saint 
George will, through our Lord Jesus Christ, show favour to us, 
and have compassion upon us, and forgive us our sins, and bless [172] 
the gathering together of our people, small and great, old men 
and young men, and widows and virgins. And, finally, may He 
bless him that took the charge of preparing this book and of 
finishing it in true suffering through Jesus Christ our Lord, to 
whom be the glory meet for Him and His Good Father, and the 
Holy, and vivifying, and consubstantial Spirit, (who are) with 
Him, now and always and to eternity of all eternities, Amen. 






i Theodotus was not present at the Council of Nicea. See the list of 
the Bishops from the Province of Galatia in Labbe, Sacrorum Condliorum 
Collectio^ ii, col. 2. 




W. DEUGULIN, ORTENTALi-PRINTER. LEIPZIG. 






BINDING SECT. MAR 2 1981 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



Budge, (Sir) Ernest Alfred 
Wallis 

The martyrdom and miracles 
of Saint George of Cappadocia