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AUG 31 1926 

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Maryville College Monthly. 





Hon. Horace Maynard, of Knoxvillc. 
Tcnn., was identified with that portion of 
American history which preceded and fol- 
lowed the war for the Union. 

He was the companion and friend of 
Abraham Lincoln, and rendered very im- 
portant services in the restoration and re- 
establishment of the Federal Government. 
He was a Christian statesman never to be 
forgotten in the Valley of East Tennessee, 
or indeed throughout the Union. 

It is eminently fitting that his portrait 
should hang on the walls of Maryville Col- 
lege, an institution of which Governor 
Brownlow wrote: "No institution in the 
South deserves more sympathy or aid." 

But Maryville College has especial 
grounds of indebtedness to Horace May- 
nard. But for him it might not now be in 
existence. At a critical time, soon after 
the close of the war, when the question of 
resuscitating this sacred institution was be- 
fore the Synod of Tennessee, its old friends 
were in discouragement ; almost in despair. 
Even Professor Lamar, according to Dr. 
Alexander's historical sketch, had nearly 
abandoned hope. It was then the Hon. 
Horace Maynard, an elder in the Second 
Presbyterian Church of Knoxville, an 
earnest and life-long friend of Maryville 
College, rose, and by weighty and per- 
suasive words, with his well-known elo- 
quence, turned the tide and saved the Col- 
lege to a vastly enlarged future usefulness. 
He pointed out in glowing words the im- 
mense services which it had already ren- 
dered to the American Union, to the 
Church, and to the world. President An- 
derson, the founder of Maryville College, 


had been as decided in his adherence u, the 
Union as President Andrew Jackson. He 
had been for ten years the first preacher of 
the Second Church of Knoxville. 1|. 
for more than half a century a tower of 
strength to Presbyterianism, and to every 

good cause, in East Tcnn The vast 

momentum for good accumulated in Mary- 
ville College under his long administration 
could not be dispensed with. 

Mr. xMaynard showed how greatly the 
whole surrounding country would long 
need just such influences as Maryville Col- 
lege was better fitted than any other insti- 
tution in the South to exert. 

Some still remember the occasion, and 
Mr. Maynard's earnest speech, perhaps the 
most important he ever made. The tide 
was turned and the future of the College 

The portrait is a fine work of art. and is 
pronounced by those who knew Mr. May 
nard to be a striking likeness. 

The presentation was made at the alumni 
banquet. May 26, 1898. by his worthy son. 
James Maynard. Esq., of Knoxville. He 
spoke briefly and modestly of some notice- 
able characteristics of his eminent father, 
and of some significant incidents in his dis- 
tinguished career. He alluded to his 
father's earl)- struggles while teaching and 
performing manual labor to acquire a lib- 
eral education. Mr. Maynard was from 
Westborough, Mass.. and was graduated. 
with the valedictory, from Amherst College. 
He always sympathized with students of 
limited means who were striving for educa- 
tion. His example may well stimulate all 
students who shall look upon his portrait, 
to patient and persistent diligence in similar 

But Mr. Maynard was much more than 
a mere scholar and statesman. He was a 


devout and consistent Christian. His son 
related that when he was the honored 
American Minister at Constantinople, while, 
on one occasion, traveling in Syria, he re- 
mained over Sabbath at the station of one 
of our foreign missionaries. The Turkish 
civil officers, desiring to show the respect 
due to his high diplomatic position, wished 
to pay him usual honors on the Sabbath. 
Mr. Maynard, however, declined any offi- 
cial ceremonies on that holy day. The 
missionaries in after years testified that 
nothing had done so much to give weight, 
in that region, to evangelical teaching as 
this conscientious and consistent conduct 
of the chief representative, in that part of 
the world, of the great American re- 

The portrait was received with thanks by 
President Boardman, who recalled, briefly, 
the interchange of public men between the 
South and the North. Two of the most 
prominent Presbyterian ministers of the 
North, Rev. Dr. R. L. Bachman. long of 
Utica, N. Y., now of Knoxville. and Rev. 
' Dr. William A Rice, of New York City, for 
a time Dr. Boardman's valued parishioners 
at Auburn, N. Y., had come from East 
Tennessee; while Hon. Horace Maynard, 
Hon. Perez Dickinson, Col. W. P. Wash- 
burn, and many others of the most esteemed 
citizens of the South, were the gift of the 
North. Great advantage to both sections 
had been derived from this free exchange of 
their most gifted sons. Dr. Boardman re- 
ferred to the words just uttered by Dr. 
Elmore, in delineating the noble character 
of President Anderson, and remarked how 
like to Dr. Anderson was Mr. Maynard, the 
ruling to the teaching elder, in the broad 
views and lofty aims which characterized 
their lives. This noble portrait of Mr. 
Maynard, to which it may be hoped that 
many others of distinguished friends of the 
College will soon be added, is greatly val- 
ued by all, and will long afford cheer and 
stimulus to the successive generations of 
students who, as they look upon it, shall 
here aspire, as he did at Amherst, to achieve 
a useful and honorable career. 


In the early part of the year, the students, 
faculty and trustees of the College requested 
Prof. Herman A. Goff to make a canvass in 
the interest of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building which had been erected 
and opened for partial use. but was not 
completed or furnished. 

The enlargement of the College made the 
completion of this building, which was be- 
gun with the idea that it would take some 
vears to finish, very desirable and neces- 
sary, not only for the gymnasium and 
rooms for all religious organizations, but 
also for the dormitory rooms and the audi- 
torium for general college purposes. 

In response to these requests, Professor 
Goff left Maryville the middle of March, 
and, after a very successful trip of three and 
a half months, returned home the last day 
of June. 

He presented the claims of the College 
not only to Christian philanthropists, but 
represented the College in churches, pray- 
er-meetings, Sabbath-schools and Christian 
Association meetings in eight different 
States of the Lnion. 

After war with Spain was declared, exper- 
ienced friends told him that he would find it 
useless to try further to raise funds, as the 
excitement was so great that men would 
not be inclined to give to a new object. He 
persevered, however, and obtained the best 
results during the last part of his tour. 

Some of the best-known and wisest Chris- 
tian givers responded to his appeal ; two 
gave $500 each, two gave $200 each, five 
gave $100 each, and others gave smaller 

The direct results of Professor Goff's 
efforts are very gratifying and encouraging 
to all, but the indirect results will be still 
more important. 

Every college which would prosper and 
develop must retain its old and enlist new 
friends and benefactors, by giving evidence 
of its growth and by putting its claims as 
conspicuously forward as its merit and 
needs justify. 


Professor Goff has called the attention of 
many to the rapid development and grow- 
ing work of Maryville College, and not a 
few have promised to keep the institution in 
mind and aid it in the near future. 

In the distribution of catalogues, setting 
forth the advantages and inexpensiveness of 
the College, much interest was aroused, and 
it is likely that, as a result of this, many 
new students will come to Maryville. 

The condition of the Bartlett Hall Fund 
will be found upon another page of this 



In the fourteen weeks recently spent in 
travel and conference over the interests of 
Maryville College, the solicitor for Bartlett 
Hall had some vivid and memorable ex- 
periences. He found, on consulting with 
many friends, that there is increasing inter- 
est in the work of this institution among 
those who live at a distance. The writer of 
this report has entered on the fourteenth 
year since his graduation from Maryville 
College. Having spent all but three years 
since that time as either a member of the 
Board of Directors or a member of the 
faculty of the College,, he has had in view 
constantly its steady growth and the 
notable features of its recent develop- 

Success in winning friends and enlisting 
helpful effort requires, first, a good cause. 
The College has fulfilled so worthily and so 
faithfully every trust and obligation laid 
upon it by the founder and by broad- 
minded and generous contributors that it 
is a pleasure to make the record known. 
In the second place, success in raising 
funds depends upon the person approached. 
It was the writer's good fortune to meet 
with many who were at liberty to hear and 
to respond to a call from a College that 
aims to give its students advantage of every 
increase in its funds. Why should they not 
regard with enthusiasm a work so produc- 
tive of character, so fraught with destiny, 

as is the work at Maryville College for the 
ambitions young peopl( who 
ileges ? 

If success in canvassing h; 
it lias been tin- resulf of simplj making 
known the fa< I - pertaining to 
of the College, its pressing need 
promise of permanenl investment for 
highest educational and moral u 
dollar contributed to it. These facts 
set forth to those who are besl able to ju 
of their merits, and whose lives are i 
crated to noble benevolence and faithful 
Christian service. In carrying the mess 
to those providentially appointed to hear 
eighteen different States were travers 
through the changing seasons from seed 
time to harvest ; snow-storms, sunshine, 
rain and floods were encountered, but 
travel and communication were everywhere 
safe and speedy. 

This mission was arranged at this time 
not because the occasion seemed favorable. 
but because of the imperative need of funds. 
The time was unpropitious. The threat- 
ened war with Spain broke out before the 
work of raising funds was well begun. In 
the splendid outburst' of patriotism, in the 
equipping of troops, organization of relief 
commissions, and raising of supplies for the 
starving in Cuba, the public mind was occu- 
pied. In the cities visited the churches. 
singly or unitedly, were raising funds for 
special purposes. Xo congregation con- 
taining wide-awake Christian givers is left 
long without some new object of benevo- 
lence. The large colleges and well-known 
missionary institutions and agencies are 
always seeking and receiving munificent 
gifts. The choice of the right object, 
among such multitudes that are worthy, is 
so difficult as to constitute an embarrass- 
ment of riches. 

In one week, in Philadelphia, one friend 
received three visitors from different col- 
leges, each with a worthy cause to advocate, 
and in the city of Providence sixteen col- 
lege men, inside of three weeks, were solicit- 
ing funds. The two friends who told me 
these facts both subscribed to our cause. 


( hie, whose interest and help are not to be 
forgotten, received in one week six hundred 
letters with appeals for aid from individuals 
and various public and benevolent institu- 
tions to the amount of more than one mil- 
lion dollars. In some regions the cry of 
hard times was not the expression of a 
habitual complaint, but the statement of a 
fact, whose painful grip was evident. 

But the needs of Maryville College were 
imperative. The faithfulness and energy 
of the students in their efforts to secure a 
new building were commended at home 
and abroad. These efforts had accom- 
plished all that was possible. Eight thou- 
sand dollars had been pledged, and the 
amount of five thousand more was needed 
to complete this building to promote the 
physical culture of the students and to shel- 
ter the Young Men's Christian Association 
in its organizations for religious works. 
Standing in its conspicuous position on the 
campus, strong and substantial, well roofed, 
but bare within, the unfinished building 
made so powerful an appeal that the Board 
of Directors resolved to make a special re- 
quest for funds to finish and suitably equip 
it. and thus furnish the needed gymnasium, 
bathing and dormitory facilities, an audi- 
torium, and other rooms for general 

This appeal was carried to thousands. 
The editors of our leading denominational 
papers in Cincinnati, Xew York and Phila- 
delphia, and other editors of influential 
newspapers, gave hearty greeting and prac- 
tical help. Pastors offered the privilege of 
presenting the cause before their congrega- 
tions in some of the large churches of the 
principal cities. 

Crooked and intricate streets could not 
debar the pilgrim from visiting the chief 
shrines in the good city of Boston. His 
heart beat more rapidly in the ascent of 
Bunker Hill Monument, and the sight of 
the old North Church, the Old South 
Church, Faneuil Hall and Boston Com- 
mon brought a flood of emotions. The 
visit to Providence showed a city of manu- 
factures, of wealth and enterprise. Ac- 

quaintance with its people placed them in 
the catalogue with other kind and liberal 

In Greater Xew York we expect to feel 
the ceaseless pulsations of commerce, the 
throb of great financial movements, and to 
meet the keen, alert, practical spirit that 
animates the varied business, social and re- 
ligious movements. It is an educative ex- 
perience to come into contact with the 
minds that plan and the wills that execute 
such vast projects. Philadelphia is an- 
other Xew York in its magnificent build- 
ings, extensive business and thronging 
population. It has more room for homes, 
freer atmosphere, equal public spirit. It is 
a delightful city, a true American city. 
Passing to the west, at the junction of the 
two great rivers, surrounded by monuments 
of human energy in the great manufactur- 
ing establishments, stands Pittsburgh, the 
city of power. Coal from the mines com- 
poses the cargo of many a heavy-laden 
craft or urges on the ceaseless revolutions 
of ponderous machinery. The sources of 
oil, coal, salt and other products were in 
turn objects of brief and passing interest, 
for the business required haste. 

Xo time outside the class-room is more 
profitablv remembered than that spent in 
visiting the great universities and seminar- 
ies. Princeton College and Seminary have 
surroundings of such beauty that one can 
not be satisfied with the limits of his stay. 
The University of Pennsylvania, the Uni- 
versity of the City of Xew York, Brown 
and Harvard and others of the best-known 
schools and seminaries were visited. There 
was much interest shown in our enterprise 
on the part of others who are engaged in 
educational and benevolent work. 

This report refers to a few weeks of effort 
for Maryville College. It must be brief. 
The lights and shadows on the page of the 
solicitor's experience must be imagined by 
the reader. But the limits of the influence 
of the trip are not known, can never be 
known. In prayerful hope we have done 
the work assigned. God. who has an- 
swered praver and made the College what 


it is, will graciously vouchsafe his blessing 
to those who have offered the cup of cold 
water, who have shown by their words and 
by their gifts that they regard it an agency 
for the advancement of the kingdom pur- 
chased by the blood of His only begotten 


We take the liberty of publishing an ex- 
tract of a letter written by our Mr. Thomas 
Maguire to Professor Wilson. It gives us 
an interesting glimpse of camp life as it is, 
with its evil and its good. We are glad 
that Maryville College could contribute so 
devoted and efficient a worker to the army 
work of the National Y. M. C. A. 

Mr. Maguire says: 

"My work here has been most interesting 
and encouraging, and I can safely say full 
of valuable experience. It has varied from 
washing towels and dishes to speaking be- 
fore a thousand soldiers. On arriving here 
a little more than two months ago the Y. 
M. C. A. had one tent, 40 by 60, in opera- 
tion. Mr. Pearsall, the camp secretary, and 
myself were trying to run a tent, which 
means supplying soldiers with stationery, 
stamps, etc., and arranging for evening 
meetings. We had our own cooking and 
washing to look after,- besides meeting the 
demand for more tents, and accommodating 
the secretaries who were constantly arriv- 
ing to take up the work. The only way out 
of the difficulty was to build a place away 
from the tent to be used as headquarters. 
This done, it gave us breathing room, and 
we had, up to last week, 23 tents in opera- 
tion. In these tents hundreds of men have 
been led to Christ, Bible classes organized, 
and religious literature widely distributed. 
We have supplied stationery free. This 
has been used to the extent of over 1,000 
letters a day in each of our largest tents. 
The Y. M. C. A. work has won the admira- 
tion of General Brooke and officers, and 
well it may. One shudders to think what 
might have been the state of morality in the 
camp without such a strong religious influ- 
ence. It is not what one desires now, but 

it would have been a perfect hell without 
the Association work. It i- ,-, < onamon 
sight when pay day comes round (once a 
month) to sec soldier- taking their turn- 
at the canteen, getting their six glas 
25 cents. They can not drink it in the 
canteen: the rush is too great for that. In 
one regiment (the Third Wisconsin) the 
canteen took in $600 in six hours. This 
was last pay day. 1 have stumbled over 
men often who were lying helplessly drunk 
in the public roads. Immorality in its 
worst form exists here. Immoral women 
are seen arm in arm with the soldiers in 
broad daylight. Some of these things 
make one feel that there is more than the 
actual battle to be considered when war 

"I met Reuben Powel. He is in the 
Third Illinois, and he told me that he was 
so disgusted with the life that some of his 
comrades were living that he felt himself a 
stronger Christian and more determined to 
lead a straight life. Will Phillips has come 
straight out, and is now in charge of one 
of our group Bible classes in the Third Ten- 
nessee. Evan Scott, Samuel B. Braden. 
Maynard Goddard, Hugh Martin and Will 
Dietz are also here. The latter is clerking 
in the Third, and is not an enlisted man. 



That I might get a taste of camp life and 
renew old acquaintances. I visited the 
Fourth Tennessee at Camp Taylor, and 
spent a day and night there. 

I found eight of our College boys there. 
all of whom have some position above a 
private. This speaks well for our College, 
and shows the value of military drills for 
our field davs. Following is a list of our 
bovs, as far as I can learn, all being in 
Company B : 

Air. H. L. Matthews, first sergeant, was 
one of the best students in the Freshman 
class last year. He has the reputation of 
(Continued "» Pagell.) 


New Providence Presbyterian Church, Maryville, Tenn. 

New Providence Presbyterian Church of 
Maryville is one of the oldest churches in 
Tennessee, having been organized in 1786. 

Rev. Gideon Blackburn, D.D.. was its 
pastor from 1792 to 18 10. After leaving 
Maryville, he established schools and 
churches in Middle Tennessee, including 
the First Church of Nashville. He also 
founded Blackburn University, in Illinois. 

Rev. Isaac Anderson. D.D., the founder 
of Maryville College, was pastor from 1812 
to 1857. The church membership was 209 
in i8i'2. and reached its highest mark of 
727 in the year 1843. 

After Dr. Anderson's death the longer 
pastorates were filled in succession by Rev. 
Fielding Pope, Rev. Alexander Bartlett, 
Rev. Donald McDonald, D.D., and since 

1890 by Rev. Frank E. Moore, under whose 
ministrations the church has grown and 
prospered, having 327 members, and hav- 
ing recently erected a commodious and 
beautiful edifice at a cost of $13,000. 


The Synod of Tennessee, comprising the 
three Presbyteries of Holston, Kingston 
and Union, will meet at Madisonville on 
Tuesday, October 25, 1898, at 7 P.M. 

Dr. S. W. Boardman, the retiring moder- 
ator, will preach the opening sermon on 
Tuesday evening. 

Among other items of business the Sy- 
nod will "elect twelve trustees of Maryville 
College to take the place of those whose 
three years' term of office then expires. 



1895 — Brick-making by the students. Cash received to Sept. 1. [898 . . .$6,11 

1896 — Foundations laid. „ . . . , , . 

„ _, ., ,. , . . , , Subscnpitons due and coming due, $4,000 

1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 

1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. Yet needed to complete aud furnish, 3,000 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building. 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer. Wil- 
liam A. McTeer. it will make it easier to 
solicit the remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

The following items cover the cash re- 359 

ceived during the five months of April- 360 

August. 1898: 361 

336 Ed. S. Yaught $ 1. 00 362 

337 George Hafley 10.00 363 

338 Rev. J. A. Silsby 1.00 364 

339 Dr. S. W. Boardman 2500 365 

340 Francis A. Duncan 5.00 366 

341 W. A. Lyle 5.00 367 

342 Lura J. Lyle 2.00 368 

343 Mary T. W. McTeer 1.00 369 

344 John H. Converse 50.00 370 

345 Charles C. Harrison 100.00 371 

346 R. P. Walker 2.00 372 

347 Rev. J. B. Porter 3.00 373, 

348 Brick Church S. S., Rochester. 36.13 '374 

349 Mrs. Wm. E. Dodge, Sr 100.00 ' 375 

350 Rev. D. Stuart Dodge, D.D... . 100.00 376 

351 Rev. Charles Wood 2 5-°° ! , '377 

352 Collected by Thos. Magnire.. 79.42! 37$ 

353 J. B. Pate.'. 25; 379 

354 Rev. A. J- Coile 2.50J ' 380 

355 M. T., Philadelphia 500.00J ' 381 

356 Sec'nd Pres. S. S.. Chattanooga 20.001 '■ 382 

357 Charles Marston 2.50' . 383 

358 Rev. J. M. Alexander 25.00 ] 384 

J. H. Newman $ 10.00 

Helen M. Gould. New York. . . 100.00 

Ogden Bros. & Co 2.00 

Samuel C. Roney 5-°° 

Arcade Hotel 1.00 

Ada M. Fleming 1.00 

Cash 29.00 

W. A. MacCalla 3-0° 

John Collins 1.00 

Friends in Wilkesbarre 26.00 

Friends in Scranton 8.50 

Friends in Newark 21.00 

S. W. Boardman, Jr 2.00 

Rev. James S. Dennis. D.D.. . . 10.00 

George G. Moore 5.00 

William J. McCahan 100.00 

A Friend in Boston 4.00 

Friends in Providence. R. I. . . 6.50 

Mrs. H. N. Lathrop 5.00 

Mrs. John H. Blauvelt 5.00 

J. M. Hunter 2.00 

Elizabeth Lee 2.00 

Mrs. M. J. Gilmour 5.00 

D. M. Perine 2.00 

J. M. Collingwood 2.00 

Mrs. Wm. Thaw 200.00 


Maryville College Monthly, 

Vol. I. 


No. 1. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 





Alpha Sigma. 


Theta Epsilon. 

.?us A eph E w M broat5y, L ' S Businjsss managers, 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription pi 

cents a year; Single Copies^ 

Address all communications to the 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn.. 


The College opened on Sept. 7, with 
about two hundred students in attendance. 

Horace Ellis and Carl Elmore, of the 
last graduating class have returned to Col- 
lege as instructors. 

Prof. J. C. Barnes was in attendance at 
Chicago University during the summer and 
also visited his relatives in Ohio. 

A letter from Edwin Cunningham, '90, 
U. S. Consul at Aden, Arabia, will appear 
in the next issue of The Monthly. 

Prof. E. B. Waller visited his parents 
at Seneca Falls, N. Y., during vacation, and 
attended the Summer school of Cornell Uni- 
versity at Ithaca, N. Y. 

Jno. W. Ritchie, '98, at Chicago 
University, and R. P. Walker, '94, at 
Yale, are on leave of absence for one year 
from the college teaching corps. 

One of the results of the war is to make 
a greater interest in the Spanish Language, 
and a large number of students have already 
entered Prof. Wilson's Spanish classes. 

Miss Amanda L. Andrews, daughter of 
Prof. Andrews of Marietta College was at 
Chicago University this summer, and has 
returned to take charge of the Modern 
Language Department. 

Morton Ervin and Frank Schirmer have 
returned to College from Tampa, Fla., 
where they were in the employment of the 

Government during the summer. They saw 
some of the horrors of war when the 
wounded from Santiago were brought to the 

D. F. Coldiron and J. E. Beatty are on 
the way with their regiment to the Philip- 
pines, where they will probably meet Geo. 
Hull, who is a member of the First Colorado 
and took part in the battle of Manilla. 

Rev. Geo. H. Lowry, '94, pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church at Montgomery, Ohio, 
shows his loyalty to the college by recom- 
mending it so highly, that four young ladies 
from his congregation have come to Mary- 
ville this fall. 

The new Fayerweather Science Hall is a 
delight to all, and classes are meeting in it, 
although it can not be finished till the mid- 
dle of the month. Prof. Geo. S. Fisher will 
write an article describing it in the next issue 
of The Monthly. 

Prof. S. W. Sherrill, '92, superinten- 
dent of the public schools at Jonesboro, has 
been elected president of the Teachers' East 
Tennessee Educational Association. He is 
the youngest man that has ever been elected 
to this honorable position. 

William T. Bartlett has spent his vacation 
in visiting at Johnson City and Jonesboro. 
He played ball with the Johnson City Nine 
and helped it to win many games. He also 
was called upon many times to sing solos 
in different churches and conventions. 

Dr. Boardman and family spent the sum- 
mer at Newark, N. J., Pittston, Vermont, 
and New York. He attended the commence- 
ment of Harvard University and witnessed 
the graduation of his son, Sherman Board- 
man, '96, from that famous institution. 

I. Allison Gaines, '95, will have charge 
of the rhetorical classes and assist in the 
English Department this year. He was one 
of the professors at Washington College 
during the years '96 and '97, and last year 
entered Princeton University and graduated 
with the class in '98. 

Prof. F. M. Gill has been actively en- 
gaged during the greater part of his vacation 
conducting Institutes in Blount Co., Tenn., 


and Harlan Co., Ky. In addition to this 
work he assisted Prof. Barnes in holding a 
summer school for five weeks in the College 
building at Maryville. 

Mose H. Gamble has been unanimously 
nominated by the Blount County Republi- 
can Convention, as representative in the 
.State Legislature. Mr. Gamble has com- 
pleted bis Junior year in College, and for 
the past year has been the County Super- 
intendent of Public Schools. 

Dr. Boardman, at the chapel exercises, 
refered to the great accessions made during 
the year, the Fayerweather legacy, the 
successful trip of Prof. Goff in the interest 
of Bartlett Hall, the new scholarship, the 
beautiful Science Hall just erected, and the 
increase in the teaching force. 

Edward Montgomery, '97, of Manning- 
ton, West Va., was married in July to Miss 
Stella Crawford, daughter of the late 
Prof. G. S. W. Crawford, of Maryville 
College. The ceremony was performed by 
Dr. C. A. Duncan, '71, Synodical Mis- 
sionary of the Synod of Tennessee. 

Mr. and Mrs. Colbert have moved to 
Maryville, and their son John has entered 
College. They were for two years con- 
nected with McKenzie College of Sao 
Paulo, Brazil. They were on board the 
steamship Paris when it had a narrow es- 
cape from being captured by a Spanish 

Maryville, as well as the College, has 
prospered and made progress in many di- 
rections during the past few months, and 
the returning students will notice many im- 
provements. A number of fine residences 
have been erected, new industries have been 
started, and a brick block has been built 
upon Main Street. 

The students will enjoy this term the two 
bowling alleys which have been placed in 
Bartlett Hall. These alleys are sixty feet 
long, and were put in position at a cost of 
about $400 by Thomas & Turner, of South 
Knoxville. A full equipment of fifteen lig- 
num-vitae balls, two sets of league pins, re- 
turn trough and double blackboard is in- 

cluded. The cost was defrayed, in part, bj 
a special effort made by the students, un- 
der the leadership of Hubert S. Lyle, and in 
part by money solicited by Rev. Frank E 

Ulric Y. Goddard, a former student of the 
College, died at Chattanooga, August 13, 
1898, aged 22 years. He made a profes- 
sion of religion in a meeting held in the 
College Chapel, and after completing his 
Junior year entered the School of Theology 
of the U. S. Grant University. He had 
finished one year of his seminary work 
when he was called home. 

Our esteemed College treasurer, Will A. 
McTeer, took a much needed vacation this 
summer and was absent one month, visiting 
points of interest in the East. He visited 
Yirginia Beach, Washington, Xew York, 
Philadelphia and Harrisburg. Xear the 
latter place, at Mechanicsburg, is the old 
stone house which his great-great grand- 
father built in the year 1760, and is still in 
a fair state of preservation. 

(Concluded from Page 1.) 

being one of the best sergeants in the regi- 
ment, thus showing that as he was in Col- 
lege, so in the army he strives to be first. 

Messrs. Jesse Wallace, George Hum- 
phreys and Guy Badgett are corporals. 

Mr. "Dick" Smith is quartermaster ser- 
geant. Mr. Smith is quite busy, and I am 
told does his duties well. 

Messrs. Roll Simpson, C. A. Martin and 
S. A. Harris are in the regimental band. 
They proved themselves good musicians 
while here in College, and will in their 
country's service do their best. 

We should be proud of our boys and the 
good records they are making. Since the 
Fourth is expecting to remain in service, 
and to be sent to Cuba or Porto Rico, some 
of the boys say they will remain in the 
country where they are sent. Let us hope 
that as they were faithful in school and are 
in the service, so may they be wherever in 
the future they may be called upon for duty 
as soldiers or citizens. 



Knoxville'S leading trading place, as we keep a 

Complete Stock of Dress Goods, Silks, Millinery, 

Notions and Fancy Goods, also Ready- Made 

Department. Write for Samples. 

m. m. NEWCOMER 5t CO., 

Successors to The Mester-Newcomer Dry Goods Co. 

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Machinery and Mill Supplies, 

Telephone and Electrical Goods, Steam and Hand Pumps, 
Rife's Hydraulic Rams for Elevating Water from Creeks 
and Springs, for Factories, Farm Houses and other purposes. 


Jim Anderson Company, 
Knoxville, Tennessee, offer a 
complete line of Selected Gro- 
ceries. Always buy the best, 
at the lowest prices consistent 
with good quality. It pays. 


for the celebrated 
Patek Philippe & 
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in Sterling Sil- 
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Plated Silver- 

Repairing and Timing of Fine Watches a Specialty. 

More than Twenty=five Years' Experience. 





Maryville College Monthly, 

Twenty-f ive Cents a Year. 


...To Be Published in October... 

A Dictionary of the Bible 


Professor in Princeton THeoloigicsl Seminary. 
With Many New and Original Plans and Fully Illustrated. | One Volume, Octavo, 800 Pages ; Price, $2.00 Net. 

It is claimed tor this Dictionary that it is not only abreast of the mosi recent ucientifl ■ ,1 
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oomprehensive and satisfactory in its treatment of a multitude "I themes than any similar Bible 
Dictionary in existence. The book possesses an unusual symmetry and proportion, owing to the facl 
that it is not simply a gathering of the views and opinions of many different scholars, but the pro- 
duction, to a large extent, of a single mind, using the results of the best modern scholarship, and 
fully equipped to deal in an authoritative manner with almost every question of Biblical intei preta- 
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ities are also introduced into the text, and the work is fully illustrated. A prospectus will be 
sent on application. 

Please address orders to T/^UTM L-T CJ /""D T O T\T C" D Business Superintendent Presbyterian Board 
w^-» tJvJiTlv IT. OV-/I\lDLvCLr\, of Publication and Sabbath-school Work. 

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George & Montgomery, 


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West Main Street, 


Office Over 
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fl/jaryville, Tennessee. 

The JVIapyville limes, 

The best Weekly Publication in the State 
Gives two columns College News each week. 
Local and General News. 


riELDlNQ ii. LAMON, 

Attorney ai)d Counsellor at Law 

Collecting a Specialty, Next Door to Bank of Ma-yville. 

A. B. ncTeer. 

Thos. N. Brown. J.W.Culton. 


Attorneys at Law, 



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Physicians and Surgeons t 


S. J. FARR, 


Boots and jSnoes of all Kinds. 


The Anchor Woolen Mills, 


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REV. S. W. BOARDMAN, D. D. , LL. I)., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 

and of Didactic Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature, 

and of the Spanish Language. 

Professor of Mathematics. 

professor, Registrar and Librarian. 

Professor of the Greek Language and Literature. 

Professor of the Natural Sciences. 

REV. JOHN G. NEWMAN 1 , A. M. , 
Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
fessor of the Science and Art of Teaching. 

Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study— the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the TeacheiCs. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President's 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 

Matr _>n. 


Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced instructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only $6.00 per 
term, or $12.00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only $8.00 per term, or $6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumenital music at low 
rates. Board at Co-operative Boarding 
Club only about $1.20 per Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from $2.00 to 
$2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, $75.00 to $125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1899. 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, MaryvillE, Tenn. 

'Absent on leave at YaleJUniverslty. sent on leave at Chicago University. 


Number 2 . 


1896 . 

The Maryville College Monthly 


Has now a subscription l ist of 740 names. Two hundred and 
sixty more subscriptions must be se cured before i t reaches the 
thou sand mark. The long and honoiable history of the College, 
its important position in educational work, its new resources and 
facilities, including new teachers and buil dings, are good reasons 
why The Monthly, at the smal l price of twenty-five cents a year, 
should have a large patronage and c irculation . 

Send in your subscri ption, or, be t ter still, fill out a blank 
similar to the one below and keep company wi th those who have 
subscribed for more than one copy. 

The present list of subscriptions, October 1, [898, is made 

a„i,c»rihprs Copies taken by Each. 








up as follows 










To the Editor of the Maryville College Monthly, Maryville, Term.: 

jy ear Sir:— To assist in bringing up the subscription list of The Monthly to One Thousand 

copies, I enclose S to pay for annual subscriptions, at the rate of Twenty-five Cents per 

year for each subscription. Please mail The Monthly regularly to the following addresses : 



Name of Sender . 


Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

OCTOBER, 1898. 

Number 2. 



The new Science Hall for Maryville Col- 
lege has just been completed, and is now 
occupied by the Science Department. 

It is a massive structure and is situated 
in the rear of Anderson Hall and between 
Lamar Library and Bartlett Hall. 

The Board of Trustees, at the January 
meeting, authorized the erection of this 
building from a part of the Fayerweather 
bequest, and a Building Committee, includ- 
ing Prof. Geo. S. Fisher, Hon. Will A. 
McTeer, Maj. Ben. Cunningham, Col. John 
B. Minnis and Dr. E. A. Elmore, were 
appointed. Plans and specifications were 
prepared by Bauman Bros. , of Knoxville, 

and the lowest bid for the work was made 
by David Jones, of Maryville, to whom 
the contract was given. 

The building, as completed, presents a 
very pleasing appearance, and much credit 
is due to Prof. Fisher, head of the Depart- 
ment and Chairman of the Building Com- 
mittee, for his persistent and indefatigable 
efforts. The style of architecture is Flor- 
entine, a variety of the Italian. The gen- 
eral plan is similar to the letter T. with a 
frontage of one hundred and six feet, and 
running back ninety-seven feet. 

The Hall has two stories with a base- 
ment under the rear part. The first flooi 
contains a large, well-lighted stair hall 


Flnat - VI ci 11 .. 


which is entered from the front porch. 
From this large hall, entrance is given to 
six large rooms, three of which are chem- 
ical laboratories, 19x25 feet, 25x36 feet and 
25x40 feet. Three rooms are assigned to 
Physics; two 25x36 feet each, and one 26x 
40 feet. This floor also contains an office, 
16x17 feet; a fire-proof vault, 7x17 feet, 
and a storage room, 9x18 feet. 

The second story contains six large 
rooms of corresponding size with the first 
floor, besides two store rooms and another 
office. The three class-rooms on this story 
have terraced floors, which are supplied 
with handsome opera chairs. There are 
two more laboratories and a room to be 
used as a museum. 

All of the rooms in the interior are well 
lighted and supplied with cases and venti- 
lating hoods, which are necessary to a 
building of this kind. The interior is fin- 
ished in the natural wood of selected yellow 

The building is of brick, and the exte- 
rior walls are ' faced with pressed brick, 
while the water table, belts and arches are 
made of Ohio buff brick. The cornice is 
made of galvanized iron, painted to corre- 
spond with the buff brick. In the front 
gable over the balcony is a marble tablet, 
with large raised letters: 

" Fayerweather Science Hall." 

The building is covered with slate, and 
the window and door sills are of gray mar- 
ble. It is warmed by steam from the large 
steam plant on the campus and is supplied 
with water and gas for laboratory use. 

The friends of education will rejoice to 
know that such a notable addition has been 
made to the College, and that the science 
curriculum has been strengthened and en- 

Next year Mr. John W. Ritchie, '98, 
who is now absent on leave at Chicago 
University, will be an assistant in this de- 
partment. Other facilities are being pro- 
vided, so that the students of Maryville 
College will have the opportunity of receiv- 
ing advanced instruction and laboratory 
work in Chemistry, Physics, Biology and 

A scholarship is a sum of money donated 

to an institution of learning for the pur- 
pose of aiding needy and worthy students to 
obtain an education. Christianity has al- 
ways favored such assistance. Almost all 
modern universities and college- are elee- 
mosynary. The scholarships of Oxford, 
says Stedman, are of the annual valui 
£80, for four or five years. Harvard Uni- 
versity has two hundred scholarships, and 
distributes annually from fifty to sixty 
thousand dollars. Princeton Theological 
Seminary reports 101 scholarships. Au- 
burn Theological Seminary holds about 
$200,000 for this purpose. Centre College, 
at Danville, Ky., has a goodly number of 
scholarships, and the older institutions gen- 
erally are well provided with them. 

Until the present year Maryville College 
has had only two scholarships, as stated in 
the catalogue — the Craighead scholarship 
of $1,500, in aid of students preparing for 
the ministry, donated by the late Rev. J. G. 
Craigfhead, D.D., of Washington. D. C. 
and the George Henry Bradley scholarship, 
given by the late Mrs. Jane F. Bradley, of 
Auburn, N. Y. In the catalogue it is add- 
ed: "It is hoped that these may be fol- 
lowed by a goodly number of scholarships. 
They are much needed." This item is also 
included under the "Special Needs" of the 
College. In view of this urgent demand, 
the Faculty unanimously and earnestly rec- 
ommended to the Board of Directors, in 
May last, an effort to raise twenty scholar- 
ships of one thousand dollars each within 
the next three years. The Board of Direc- 
tors, at their last annual meeting, voted 
"That we heartily approve 'of such effort.' 
and we indorse the suggestion of an appeal 
to the Synod, the Presbyteries, and indi- 
viduals for co-operation in this effort." 
Such appeals have already been made to a 
limited extent, and the Misses "YVillard. of 
Auburn, N. Y., who have often before as- 
sisted Maryville College, have generously 
given $1,000 to found the first of the new 


The need of such scholarships in Mary- 
ville College can scarcely be overstated. 
The president and registrar are constantly 
receiving letters making urgent and often 
touching appeals for such assistance. This 
is no sign of a craven spirit, deficient in 
self-reliance, self-help and energy. West 
Point and Annapolis are not places pf de- 
gradation because the students who seek 
them do not support themselves. Dewey, 
Sampson and Schley, Miles, Shafter and 
Wheeler, are not discredited because they 
were educated on other funds than their 
own, or those of their parents. Strong, 
bright and promising minds are not con- 
fined to households able to meet the ex- 
penses of a liberal education. The young 
can not, of course, have much means ac- 
cumulated by their own earnings. Without 
aid, many of the best minds must remain 
uncultivated. Education multiplies, some- 
times many-fold, their value to the world. 
Hence the government, at its own expense, 
educates youth for its service at West Point 
and at Annapolis. Hence, also, the Chris- 
tian world endows institutions of learning 
in all lands. Assistance rendered at Mary- 
ville College goes further than at almost 
any other institution. Tuition is only $12 
a year. At Harvard, whither some Mary- 
ville graduates resort, it is $150; in most 
colleges it is several times as large as at 
Maryville. Good board in the co-operative 
club is less than $5 a month. Several stu- 
dents pay half of their board in work. The 
Carson Adams Fund provides the tuition 
of a goodly number. The Students' Fund 
gives work to others. In some cases 
twenty-five dollars, in addition to what may 
be otherwise secured af home and at the 
College, will carry one through a year of 
study. Where will so small an amount ac- 
complish so much ? The College is in its 
eightieth year ; has eight buildings ; fifteen 
instructors, and an annual attendance ot 
about four hundred students. It has four 
literary and two religious societies. Most 
of the students are religious. Revivals are 
frequent. Many graduates enter the min- 
istry, and not a few the work of Home and 

Foreign Missions. In graduate courses 
and in professional schools many take high 

Where will a scholarship of $1,000 effect 
so much ? The College is constantly grow- 
ing. Several of its buildings have been re- 
cently erected. New advantages are rap- 
idly added. Every such addition increases 
the value of a scholarship. A scholarship 
will keep one or mOre students in a course 
of Christian education as long as the Col- 
lege exists. Incalculable good may result 
from one such donation. Will not the al- 
moners of the Lord's treasures remember 
this great need? What more interesting- 
sight than earnest, honest, aspiring Chris- 
tian vouth, struggling with difficulties to 
acquire an education and enlarge their 
spheres of service to God and to man ? 
Here are scores of youth in just this posi- 
tion. Those who are most familiar with 
them are often deeply moved with their 
efforts and their self-denials. A little 
money is often to such young men and 
voung women a great relief. What pleas- 
ure can be greater, in the use of money, 
than to remove their anxieties and forward 
their hopes? Will not our Savior say to the 
donors of such scholarships, "Because ye 
did it unto one of the least of these, ye did 
it unto me r ' ? 

The McTeer Peerless Band was reor- 
ganized at the beginning of the term by 
electing Harry Feagles, president, W. C. 
Henry, vice-president, H. M. Welsh, sec- 
retary and treasurer, and H. T. Hamilton, 

Although several of the best players of 
last vear's band are absent this year, among 
them its leader. J. R. Simpson, the boys are 
hopeful of a good year under their new 
leader, H. T. Hamilton. Already the good 
people of Maryville have been aroused from 
their sleep by the midnight melodies of 
some beginner. 

Registrar — Do you wish to matriculate? 
Xew Student — No; I just want to enter 
the school. 



Edwin Cunningham, '89. 
U. S. Consul, Aden, Arabia. 


On a bright, sunny. morning in April we 
came through the eastern gate into the 
town of Warwick, having ridden from 
Leamington on bicycles. 

The town is a clean and healthful appear- 
ing place, with its wide streets and large, 
beautiful shade trees, but its existence is 
due to the fact that the Castle of Warwick 
is located here, having been, founded, it is 
said, in the year 915 by Ethelfleda, the 
daughter of Alfred. Of course, the sole 
object of our visit was to see Warwick Cas- 
tle, celebrated in history, poetry and song, 
and in many works of fiction, the best of 
which is Sir Bulwer Lytton's "Last of the 

Sir Walter Scott, in speaking of this re- 
nowned fortress, which is on a rock over- 
looking the River Avon, says that "War- 
wick Castle is the fairest monument of an- 
cient and chivalrous splendor which yet re- 
mains uninjured by time." 

The approach to the Castle is through the 
porter's lodge on the east side, not far from 
the river. On entering these outer grounds 
we are conducted over a road cut through 
the. solid rock. Heavy foliage forms an ar- 
bor over the road, and the luxuriant growth 
of moss and ivy clinging to the rocks pre- 
sents a most romantic appearance. 

Following the winding road for about 
two hundred yards, we come to an abrupt 
turn, and the splendid fortifi : with 

cloud-capped towers break suddenly on 
our view. As the outer courl 
see to our right the polygonal shaped ' ! 
tower, built in 1394, rising to a height of 
128 feet, and large enough to allow five 
large rooms to be built, 01.1c above the other, 
and a winding stairway to the top. The 
view at the top is inspiring. In the dis- 
tance is seen Kenilworth, Guy's Cliff and 
numerous villages, while near at hand is 
Caesar's tower, rising to an equal height. 
These two towers are connected by a strong 
and thick embattled wall about thirty feet 
high, and in its center is an arched gate, on 
either side of which are towers of smaller 
proportions. As we pass through this gate 
to the inner court a scene of grandeur meets 
our view. The large court is covered 
with a heavy sward of grass, checkered by 
graveled walks. On the left, joining Caesar's 
tower, is the stately castle and mansion of 
the earl, in our front is a mound which is 
crowned by battlements and towers. Visi- 
tors are permitted to enter the castle and 
mansion, with the exception of Caesar's 
tower, in which are located the prison and 

Upon entering the mansion we are con- 
ducted through a hall, which contains the 
armory, and here are to be seen suits of 
armor and the finest private collection of 
ancient weapons in England. After pass- 
ing through the great hall, which is 333 feet 
in length, we see something of the plan of 
the mansion. On the north side of the hall, 
in a small wing of the building, is a beau- 
tiful chapel, where the members of the fam- 
ily gather daily for worship. On the south 
side are numerous staterooms, adorned with 
rich paintings, fine windows and luxurious 

The rooms on the south side are known 
as the red drawing room, the cedar room, 
the gilt drawing room, the state bedroom. 
the boudoir, and the compass room, all of 
which are so splendidly and gorgeously fur- 
nished that only a master pen can give any 
idea of their beauty. 

As we left this place, which had been the 
home of the "King Maker." as well as sub- 
sequent and earlier heads of this family, we 
felt that the day had been well spent, not 
only in seeing the beautiful and grand, but 
in obtaining a more vivid impression of 
English history as it was influenced by 
those who lived or died at Warwick Castle. 



A Union Presbyterian Church Edifice, Madisonville, Tenn. 

' This Presbyterian Church, in East Ten- 
nessee, was organized in 1822, by Dr. Isaac 
Anderson, the founder of Maryville College. 
The congregation worshiped in a brick 
structure until the division into Old School 
and New School, in 1841, after which the 
two branches built their respective houses 
of worship. At the close of the war the Old 
School branch adhered to the mother 
Church, the New School branch going with 
the South. About fifteen years ago the two 
consolidated their property interests by sell- 
ing one house and occupying the other 
conjointly. The new brick edifice, as 
shown above, is owned and occupied by the 
two congregations conjointly. Rev. John 
M. Hunter gives half his time to his con- 
gregation, which is connected with the 
Northern Assembly, while Rev. John L. 
Bachman, of Sweetwater, gives one-fourth 
of his time to his congregation, which is 
connected with the Southern Assembly. 

The relation between the two Presbyter- 
ian congregations occupying and owning 
this building is most cordial, and the Synod 
o f Tennessee, at their invitation, meets this 
fall at this church, which stands as a happy 

omen of the reunion of the two great 
branches of Presbyterianism. 

Beginning with August 21, and contin- 
uing for ten days, Rev. Nathan Bachman, 
D.D., conducted special services at Shan- 
nondale Church. These meetings were of 
great interest, and twenty-three persons 
were added to the membership on profes- 
sion, and one by letter. Quickened by the 
Spirit in these meetings, the church now 
begins another year's work with stronger 
faith and zeal, under the ministrations of 
its beloved pastor, Rev. John G. Newman. 

Caledonia Church, Rev. John C. Lord, 
pastor, recently received twenty-four mem- 
bers on profession after special services, in 
which the pastor was assisted by Rev. 
James McConnell, of Maryville, who is a 
very successful evangelist. 

Washington Church received twelve new 
members lately, as the result of Gospel 
meetings held by Dr. P. M. Bartlett and 
Rev. James McConnell. 




1895 — Brick-making by the students. 
1896 — Foundations laid. 
1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

Cash received to Oct. r, 1898 . . . $6 

Subscriptions due and coming due. 

Yet needed to complete aud furnish, 3.000 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer. Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit vhe remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

Tee Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

The cash receipts from January 17 to 
April 1, 1898, are as follows: 

292 Prof. H. Z. McLain $ 5.00 

293 Clara Crawford 5.00 

294 Mrs. Charles Crawford 10.00 

295 Dr. C. L. Thomas 10.00 

296 O. M. Gregg 5.00 

297 S. C. Campbell 5.00 

298 Alex. Thomson 20.00 

299 Hon. T. H. Ristine 5.00 

300 H. H. Ristine 1.00 

301 Rev. T. D. Fyffe 5.00 

302 Dr. J. F. Tuttle 5.00 

303 Rev. J. C. Smith 5.00 

304 Simon Yandes to.oo 

305 H. J. Milligan 100.00 

306 Mortimer Matthews 10.00 

307 Miss A. C. Patterson 10.00 

308 Mrs. G. S. Bishop 500 

309 Rev. D. A. Heron 2.00 

310 Elmer F. Goddard 1.70 

311 David Jones 2 5°° 

312 Sec'd Pres. S. S., Chattanooga 20.00 

313 John Phillips 60 

314 Mr. Keeler 4° 

315 Cecil Brown 25 

316 William B. Smith 50 

317 P. O. Andrews 5.00 

318 Cash 75 

319 Daniel Redmond 10.00 

320 Prof. S. T. Wilson 25.00 

321 Prof. J. G. Newman 20.00 

322 C. P. Kennedy 2.50 

323 E. B. Smith 5.00 

324 Rev. W. J. Trimble, D.D 10.00 

325 Emily Marston 10.00 

326 Prof. George S. Fisher H- 2 3 

327 W. A. E. Campbell 1.40 

328 James Cameron 1.80 

329 G. W. Carrigan 5.52 

330 W. E. and C. L. Parham 10.00 

331 E. L. Grau 1.00 

332 Cash 1 .00 

333 Maryville Col. Club of Japan. . 12.50 

334 F. M. Kerr 5.00 

335 Mary R. Belknap 25.00 

Cash receipts for September: 

-385 Rev. Frank E. Moore 25.00 

386 Charles Marston 2.50 

387 W. B. Minnis 10.00 



Maryville College Monthly, 

Vol. I. 


No. 2. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 


Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 

Bainonian. Theta Epsilon. 


Business Managers, 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, 25 cents a year; Single Copies, 5 

Address all communications to the 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Entered at Maryville, Tern., as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


The College now has some fine material 
for a football team. 

Miss Lydia Franklin, '95, visited friends 
in Maryville recently. 

The new bowling alley supplies a long- 
felt need of indoor exercise. 

Miss Edith Newman, a member of the 
Junior Class, has returned to College. 

A good croquet ground has been made 
near Baldwin Hall for the use of the young 

■ John E. Crawford, '97. and John E. Bid- 
die, '98, have entered the Law Department 
of the University of Tennessee. 

On September 15 Miss Cora Caldwell, a 
former student of the College, was married 
to Mr. John Snoddy, of Knoxville. 

Thomas Maguire has resigned his posi- 
tion in the army Y. M. C. A. work at Lex- 
ington, Ky., and has entered College. 

On the afternoon of Saturday, October 1, 
the young ladies of Baldwin Hall gave a 
very pleasant reception to their friends. 

Charles Marston. '93, after preaching and 
teaching at Elizabethton during the past 
year, resumes his theological studies this 
fall at Lane Seminary. 

Rev. S. E. Henry, '88, visited friends in 
Maryville last month. He resigned his po- 
sition as pastor of the Presbyterian Church 

of Norman, Oklahoma Territory, in order 
to take a year of post graduate work at 
Harvard University. 

The students are taking unusual interest 
in playing tennis this year. The College 
grounds have some good courts. Tennis 
should be one of the leading games on the 

Rev. William McClung, '92, is visiting 
his parents, who have recently removed to 
Maryville. During the last year he has 
conducted services in a "Gospel Tent" in 

Through the influence of Mr. Arbeely, 
'84. who is one of the United States Com- 
missioners of Immigration at New York, 
Elias Mallouk. a native-born Syrian, has 
entered College. 

New Market Academy, which has sent to 
many students to Maryville. has opened 
this year with an unusually large attend- 
ance. S. O. Houston. '98, is principal, and 
Will. Keeble is assistant. 

On September 29 the students of the Col- 
lege, with others, enjoyed a lawn social at 
the home of Mrs. Lamar. The popular 
game of "snap" was played out of doors, 
under the Japanese lanterns, and all had a 
very pleasant time. 

Among the ante-bellum students of 
Maryville College is J. W. Sherman, of 
Knoxville. Mr. Sherman entered school in 
the fall of '59, when Dr. Robinson was pres- 
ident, and the professors were Revs. Craig 
and Lamar, with William Lyle as assistant. 
He completed the sophomore year in '61. 
when he left on account of the war. 

Kin Takahashi, the founder of Bartlett 
Hall, has written a letter to Dr. Boardman 
from Japan. He had been absent from 
home about ten years, and received a royal 
welcome from his family and relatives. He 
says: "You may imagine the strange feel- 
ing of that moment when I fell into the out- 
stretched arms of my dear mother ! Oh, 
how commingled are joy and sadness ! We 
could not speak a word, but all cried like 
children. It was wonderful to see all the 
changes wrought upon the faces of my 



parents. Their faces were wrinkled and 
their heads gray. But how unchangeably 
sweet are their kind voices, by which 1 
could recognize them one by one. There is 
no place like home, however humble it may 
be. I am doing everything to please my 
dear parents, relatives and friends. Indeed, 
Christ's love pleases them all, and wins 
them one by one. One of the most inter- 
esting features to me was a reception given 
to me by my friends* It took three days 
and three nights to complete the program." 


The Athletic Association is in better con- 
dition financially than it has been for years. 
It now has finer outfits for both football and 
baseball- The officers elected at the be- 
ginning of the term are as follows: 

President — Harry Feagles. 

Vice President — Robert Elmore. 

Secretary— T. W. Belk. 
. Treasurer- — M. W. Ervin. 

The Theta Epsilon Literary Society had 
a Whittier evening on September 30, the 
exercises being essays on his life and selec- 
tions from his works. The officers for the 
present term are: 

President — Miss Carnahan. 

Vice President — Miss Ilia Goddard. 

Secretary' — Miss Yates. 

Treasurer — Miss Mamie Goddard. 

The officers of the Bainonian Society are 
as follows : 

President — Miss Phi Smythe. 

Vice President — Miss Rosa Lyle. 

Recording Secretary — Miss Ethel Min- 

Corresponding Secretary — Miss Eliza- 
beth Penney. 

Treasurer — Miss Ethel Kennedy. 

The Y. M. C. A. of the College has got- 
ten out a neatly printed program for the 
fall term, giving the topics and leaders, the 
different committees and officers. The As- 
sociation meets every Sunday afternoon at 
1:15 o'clock. The leaders for the October 

meetings are W. T. Bartlett, K. k. Gram J. 

O. Wallace and C. X. .Magill. The 


President— Howard AI. Welsh. 

Recording Secretary — I. W. Jo 

Corresponding Secretary — C. X. Magill. 

Treasurer — H. C. Rimmer. 

The Alpha Sigma Society has been thor- 
oughly organized in both Senior and Junior 
sections. We are sure that our banners 
will not trail in the dust as long as we have 
Rimmer's "emphatical" enunciations and 
Lyle's prolongations. 

On October 7 the Society gave a public 
meeting, which was well attended, and an 
attractive program was presented. The 
officers are as follows : 

President — Charles N. Magill. 

Vice President — T. H. McConnell. 

Recording Secretary — T. W. Belk. 

Corresponding Secretary — I. W. Jones. 

Censors — Hubert S. Lyle, H. C. Rimmer 
and S. D. McMurrv. 

The Athenian Society has entered upon 
another year of its history with bright pros- 
pects 'of maintaining its already glorious 
record. The boys are taking the usual in- 
terest in debate, and the special exercises, 
which are to be held once a month by the 
Junior and Senior sections united, give 
promise of more than usual interest. The 
first joint meeting, held on the evening of 
September 23, was well attended, and good 
interest was shown. The officers are: 

President— R. W. Post. 

Vice President — F. L. Webb. 

Secretary — J. E. Tracy. 

Treasurer — W. T. Ramsey. 

Librarian — Robert Elmore. 

Editor — Will. Harmon. 

Censor— H. M. Welsh. 

Dr. Boardman — Mr. Magill. what would 
be the effect on humanity in general if wo- 
men were to do men's work? 

Magill — It would decrease the number of 



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Maryville College Monthly, 

Twenty-Five Cents a Year. 


.To Be Published in October. 

A Dictionary of the Bible 


Professor" in Princeton Theological Seminary. 
With Many New and Original Plans and Fully Illustrated. | One Volume, Octavo, 800 Pages ; Price, $2.00 Net 

It is claimed for this Dictionary that it is riot only abreast of the most recent scientifi ! d 
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Ple^address orders to J QHN J-^ SCRIBNER, 'WS^&SS^SSSSSSS^^ 
1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Pa. 

George & Montgomery, 




Livery, Feed and Hay Stable, 

A Special Rate to Students. 



Wtha, Photographer, 

West Main Street, 



Attorney atjd Counsellor at Law 

Collecting a Specialty, Next Door to Bank, of Ma-yville. 

Thos. N. Brown. 

J. W. Culton. 


Attorneys at Law, 


A. B. flcTeer. A. Mc. Gamble. 


Physicians and Surgeons, 


S. J. FARR, 


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Gives two columns College News each week. ^^ _ ^ Cream ^ q^ inSeason# 

Local and General News. 

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REV. S. W. BOARDMAN, D. D. , LL. D., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 

and of Di actio" Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature, 

and of the Spanish Language. 



Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor, Registrar and Librarian. 


Professor of the Greek Language and Literature. 


Professor of the Natural Sciences. 

Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 


Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
fessor of the Science and An of Teaching. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study — the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teacher's. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading* colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President s 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system; of waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages., 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 




Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced instructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only $6.00 per 
term, or $12.00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only $3.00 per term, or $6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumenttal music at low 
rates. Board at Co-operative Boarding 
Club only about $1.20 per Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from $2.00 to 
$2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, $75. 00 to $125. 00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1899, 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, Maryville, Tenn. 

♦Absent on leave at Yale University. Absent on leave at Chicago University. 


The Bank of Maryville, 


Offiers to the people of Blount County 
a safe and reliable depository for 
their funds, guaranteeing Fair and 
Honourable Treatment, Careful and 
Prompt Attention 

Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities. Interest Paid 
on all Time Deposits. 


P. M. Baktlett, Pres. Will A. McTeer, V.-P. 
Jo. Burger, Cashier. J. A. Goddakd, Ass't. Cash. 

McNiutt Brothers & Edington, 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 

Hardware, Stows and Tinware, 

"WAGONS, BUGGlES,.J*.J*^Jt-J*Jt-J*J*^J* 

Will A. HcTeer. 

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Roofing and Guttering a Specialty. 

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The Only Buhr Mill in Maryville. 

'Phone 22. Residence, 57. 


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Office: Up Stairs, over BanU ol 
Maryville, on Main Street. 

Represent the Old Aetna, Penn. Fire, Fireman 
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The Most Popular Hotel in Town. 

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Nuts and Raisins as 
Cheap as the Cheapest. 


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Clothing, Shoes, Shirts 

and Hats a Specialty. 

Lowest Prices to Students, who are Cordially 
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Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

NOVEMBER, 1898. 



On Chilhowee's heights, in a land that 1 

The purple splendor falls ; 
And into my heart, imprisoned here, 

The spirit of Autumn calls. 

There is a way by a woodland brook, 

Untrod of my feet for years, 
And it whispers, "Come, O beloved friend, 

We have mourned thee long and with 

"For thee our Golden-rod lifts its plume, 
And our 'Black-eyed Susans' dance ; 

And our Cardinal brandishes bravely alofr 
His gleaming, blood-red lance. 

"Our pale, sweet Asters are peeping about 

To know if their lover is here ; 
Our Sumacs are crimson, our Hick'ries are 
But thy truant feet draw not near." 

Ah, far away friends of the long-ago days, 
This message I send unto you : 

There never was lover more true to his 
Than my heart is loyal and true. 

Aye, strong is my love and human with 

And jealously bids you beware ; 
Let no profane step rudely enter that court 

Where my spirit hath oft knelt in prayer ! 

Dream not that long absent I e'er have for- 

Oh, path through the woods, by the brook ! 

Our fleeting love glances, our tremulous 
Our glimpse into Nature's great book ! 

For ye were my teachers, those long-ago 
Ye sweet, gentle things of the wood, 
And ye made me your guest and ye bade 
me partake 
Of the spirit's own nectarine food. 

And now when the light of th< 
autumn days 
On vour mountains hangs purple and 
Doubt not that my spirit doth kneel at your 
True lover and friend, as of old. 

Chattanooga. October, '98. M. L. E. 



The University of Chicago is of interest 
to the teachers and students of the South 
and of the great Central West for several 

It continues its sessions during the whole 
year, doing four quarters of regular univer- 
sity work. Each quarter consists of twelve 
weeks. That is, during the summer quarter 
of twelve weeks it does regular university 
work. In this respect it differs from Cor- 
nell, Columbia, Harvard, and the other 
great universities that conduct summer 
schools. The summer school is a modern 
idea, being only about twenty years old. 
The summer quarter in Chicago Univer- 
sity is not a summer school, for it continues 
through July, August and September, and 
the course is as rich in summer as in winter. 
Many of the professors think it is the best 
term of the year. It receives one-fourth 01 
the annual appropriation of $400,000. Pres- 
ident Harper says that the summer quarter 
is the evolution of the summer school, and 
that Cornell, Columbia, and other universi- 
ties regard Chicago's plan with favor. The 
University of West Virginia has adopted 
the plan of four quarters, and the plan of 
summer sessions is being favorably consid- 
ered in the city schools. It is thought that 
three months is too long for so much val- 
uable property to be idle. 



This plan affords an opportunity to teach- 
ers in the public schools, and professors in 
the smaller colleges, to do three months of 
regular university work during their vaca- 
tion, which is equivalent to one-third of a 
year in the ordinary college or university. 
Thus the teacher loses none of his regular 
salary, except the expenses of the term, an>i 
this is surely a good investment for the 
teacher, and especially good for his patrons. 
The University permits one to do gne- 
third of the work for a degree in absentia, 
provided he take his examinations at the 
university. Every intelligent teacher thai 
has good health can do his regular work 
and carry one-third of the university work 
through the year. While present at the 
summer quarter he can take his examina- 
tions at the University, and in this way ho 
gets credit for six months' work each year. 
In the course of five or six years he may 
earn a degree, and at the same time he is 
enabled to do better work in his daily teach- 
ing. Or suppose he quits teaching for a 
year, he can do fifteen months' resident 
work — equivalent to one and two-third 
years in the ordinary university. For, al- 
though he may not be able to remain dur- 
ing the twelve weeks of the summer quar- 
ter, he may have credit for the whole quar- 
ter, provided he pays the full tuition and 
does the required work. Those who earn 
credits by non-resident work are required 
to do much more than those who do the 
same work at the University. 

The summer term affords excellent op- 
portunity for persons in similar occupations 
to meet each other, and to discuss educa- 
tional methods and topics. Nearly every 
grade of teacher is represented — grade 
teachers, ward principals, teachers in th-j 
high-schools, high-school principals, city 
superintendents. State superintendents, 
normal school presidents, and college pro- 
fessors. Besides the benefits gained by as- 
sociation with fellow teachers, one has op- 
portunities to hear lectures on important 
subjects, by distinguished professors, repre- 
senting the leading universities of Germany. 

France, England and America. During the 
last summer quarter one thousand, four 
hundred and four students were in attend- 

Perhaps the most striking feature of the 
University is, that its faculty represent so 
many different types of men. A large num- 
ber of the professors are natives of Ger- 
many, France. England, Scotland, and of 
other nations. Most of those who ar. 
native Americans have received a consider- 
able portion of their education abroad. 

The students likewise represent nearly all 
nations and races. Side by side in the same 
class-room and in the department libraries, 
striving for intellectual supremacy, we see 
the progressive Japanese and .the conserva- 
tive Chinaman, the philosophical German 
and the scientific Frenchman, the long- 
headed Englishman and the impulsive Irish- 
man, the aristocratic Southerner and the 
patient negro, the dignified Easterner and 
the energetic Westerner. President Har- 
per thinks that the association of so manv 
different types of men will have a beneficial 
effect upon the development of thought 
and the advancement of mankind. 

The University adapts itself to its environ- 
ments. This is the evident purpose of all 
connected with it. It endeavors to learn 
the needs of the people of the great Central 
West and of the South, and then it searches 
for means to supply these needs. For this 
reason it has established a Teachers' College, 
a Summer Quarter, and University Exten- 
sion and Corespondence Department. It is 
especially interested in academies, as it be- 
lieves that they are necessary for the thor- 
ough preparation of students for the Uni- 
versity. The Morgan Park Academy is 
under the supervision of the University, and 
prepares students for the Freshman class. 
President Harper expects to make it the 
Phillips Exeter of the West. He says there 
is no line of distinction between the acad- 
emy and the end of the Sophomore year. 
To this point the work is preparatory. So 
the Freshman and Sophomore compose the 
Junior colleges, and the Tuniors and Seniors 



the Senior colleges, and the graduate stu- 
dents the Graduate schools. 

No thesis is required for the Bachelor's 
and Master's Degrees. Graduate students 
are not candidates for the Doctor's degree 
until they are recommended by the faculty 
directing their work as ready to begin their 
theses. It is interesting to know that one 
of these three years' minimum require- 
ments for the degree Ph.D. may be done 
in absentia. 

The University is doing an exceptionally 
high grade of work in History, Theology, 
Philosophy and Pedagogy, and a high grad<- 
of work in all the other departments. It 
has not yet established a department of 
Mechanical Engineering, Medicine, or Mu- 
sic. Its gymnasium and general library 
are in a temporary building. All its build- 
ings are constructed of gray sandstone, sup- 
ported on the inside by brick. They are 
covered with red tile, and are furnished and 
kept in first-class modern style. The value 
of its property and endowment is about 
$9,000,000. It has eighty fellowships and 
forty scholarships. Expenses at the Uni- 
versity are moderate. Tuition is forty dol- 
lars per quarter; board in the University 
clubs or in private families costs two dol- 
lars and fifty cents per week, and a room 
large enough for one, with light and heat, 
costs a dollar and a quarter per week. 

A few words of advice to our college stu- 
dents : 

The time has come when those who want to 
secure good positions as teachers must pre- 
pare themselves by doing university work. 
President Harper says that within the next 
ten years high-school principals and teach- 
ers in the city high-schools will be required 
to have a Doctor's degree from some stan- 
dard university. This statement is rather 
strong, but it shows the tendency of the 
age. When you graduate, if it is your pur- 
pose to become a teacher, teach a year, 
save your money, and then spend the next 
year in some good university, and if pos- 
sible do such good work that you may se- 
cure a fellowship or at least a scholarship. 
>o that you may continue your studies for 

another year or two and earn a higher de 
gree. If you fail to secure a fellowship or 
scholarship, you will have gained such 
strength and experience that you can secure 
a position as teacher at a largely increased 
salary, and so you will be paid well for 
expenditure of time and money. But if 
you have health and a reasonable amount 
of intellectual ability, do not stop until you 
have earned the Doctor's degree. 

President Harper is a living example of 
what a young man with talent and energy 
can accomplish. In 1870, at the age 01 
fourteen, he was graduated from Musking- 
um College, Ohio, receiving the degree 
A.B.; Ph.D., Yale University 1875. He 
married Miss Ella Paul, daughter of Dr. 
Paul. From 1875 to 1892 he held various 
important positions as principal, tutor, and 
professor. In 1892 he was elected presi- 
dent of the University of Chicago, where he 
receives a salary of $10,000 per year. 

Two of our alumni and assistant teachers 
for next year are now doing graduate work 
in two of our great universities, Mr. J. W. 
Ritchie will do twelve or fourteen months' 
work in science in the University of Chi- 
cago, and Mr. R. P. Walker will study Latin 
and Greek in Yale for a year. It is to be 
hoped that many of our graduates, from 
year to year, will enter at once upon grad- 
uate study. 


Manila, August 23, 1898. 

My Dear Mother. — As you see, we are at 
last in the fabled city of Manila, and I will 
tell you how we got in and what I know 
about the battle. It would take a book to 
tell all about it. and the papers at home 
will know more than a high private in the 
rear rank. 

On the night of the 12th we were told 
that the next two days would see us in- 
side the city, if the combined army and 
navy could get us in. So we were issued 
205 rounds of cartridges apiece, and two 
days' rations, which made us a terrible 
load. We got up early, about 4 o'clock, 
and as the Colorados we;e to lead the 



attack, were fed first. We then marched 
up to our line of intrenchments. where we 
stayed until 10 o'clock, strengthening them. 
At 10 o'clock the bombardment by the fleet 
commenced. We were lying next to th; 
beach, and the shells whistled over our 
heads very lively for a while. I will put a 
map in, so that you can see our position, 
which I have marked "Company M." The 
bombardment lasted about 40 minutes. 
when the order for us to move forward was 
given. You ought to have seen us go over 
our trenches. We went up that beach on 
the run. under a hail of bullets from the 
forts till within 500 yards, when the order 
was given to lie down. I had to lie down 
in the surf, but I was very glad to do it. 
Then the order to advance was given again. 
and we went forward against the fortress of 
Malate. When we were within a hundred 
yards we had to wade a river, shoulder 
deep, and then we charged forward through 
a gap in the wall, to see the Spaniards going 
out the other side. We fired a couple of 

j~ -L J.I'SiV^'if&'Jjfr^ . . 

r~-^ r— BAY 


volleys to hurry them up a little ; but when 
the cowardly, treacherous scoundrels, called 
"Insurgents," saw that we were in first. 
they began to fire into us from the bushes, 
hoping to hold us there, so that they could 
get in and pillage the town. They killed 
two of the color guard of the Californias. 
We lay in the fort half an hour, and then 
marched half a mile, where we halted to eat 
dinner, before attacking the old walled city : 
and if we had attacked it, our loss would 
have been heavy, for it is a very stronghold, 
with great walls, moats, and hundreds of 
cannon mounted on the wall ; but at 3 

o'clock the news came that they had sur- 
rendered. It was received by the troops 
with great joy. We then marched down 
into the city and were present at the hand- 
ing-over of the keys of the citadel. Our 
regiment was quartered in the Convent of 
San Sebastian for four days ; now we are 
in barracks, have our white clothes, and are 
having an easy time. We have more clothe- 
than we know what to do with — one suit of 
blue, one brown fatigue suit, two white 
duck suits, and a brown one for dress. . . . 

I hope the Government will hold these 
islands. The people won't be capable of 
self-government in a thousand years. They 
are very ignorant, and in addition have all 
the blood-thirstiness and craftiness of an 
Apache Indian. The day we took the city 
our chaplain caught two of them about to 
cut a wounded Spaniard's throat. The 
worthy man quickly drew his six-shooter 
and told them in an excited mixture of 
Spanish, English and Philippine that though 
he was a "padre — priest — preacher" he 
would assuredly shoot them if they did not 
stop. They threw down their knives and 
ran into the jungle. 

August 28. . . . The first month we were 
here we were insufficiently protected from 
the weather, it being the rainy season, and 
when we were on outpost duty, in the 
trenches, we had to sleep on the wet 
ground and eat mouldy hardtack and 
canned "mule." It is surprising how a 
person can get used to things. I got so 
that I could sleep as well in a pouring rain 
on the ground, with my rubber blanket over 
me, as I ever slept at home in my bed. 
When bed-time came we were so tired that 
we could sleep anywhere, under any con- 
ditions. Of course, it was very hard to 
keep awake when we had to stand guard at 
night. . . . 

Before we captured the city we had one 
serious fight. The enemy made a night 
attack and surprised our outpost, which 
consisted of the Tenth Pennsylvania, and 
it lost ten men before it drove them back. 
The Californias lost heavily, as did also the 
Tenth and Twentv-third Regulars. We 


have, lost three men out of the Regiment. 
which looks as if we bore a charmed life, 
as we led the attack and our flag was raised 
on the Fortress of Malate. 

I will probably be transferred into the 
mounted infantry, as I am just about the 
height and weight required, as we have 
nothing but ponies here. While we were 
quartered in the monastery I made friends 
with an old monk, and he gave me a "Horac 
Diurnae," or Breviary. One of the boys 
has a parchment edition of the "Imitation 
of Christ." which. I think, is very rare. I 
am going to get it from him when next 
pay-day comes, as he doesn't value it much. 
I don't expect to get home until next 
year some time, as troops will have to be 
kept here. There goes "taps," so will have 
to close. Your loving son, 

- George C. Hull, 
Company M, First Colorado U. S. V., Mili- 
tary Post No. i, Philippine Islands. 


The Academy was chartered June n, 
1885, and in August following opened by 
D. A. Clemens, principal, and one assistant, 
with fifteen or twenty' pupils. 

Mr. Clemens retiring to complete his 
theological education, S. E. Henry and 
M. M. Rankin, now both in the ministry. 
came in as principals for a time. After 
graduation from the Seminary, Mr. Clemens 
returned to Huntsville and had charge of 
the work several years. After him Rev. 
Arno Moore was appointed superintendent, 
and still holds this position, and for one 
year J. H. Newman was principal, followed 
by Miss Mollie Caldwell, who is now in the 
second year of her work. 

Huntsville Academy has a very wide 
field, there being no other permanent school 
within twenty miles of it. All eternity 
will be telling the results for good accomp- 
lished here during these thirteen years. 

Five years ago the principal reported that 
the school had done much to raise the stand- 

ard of education and Christian living for all 
Scott county ; that it had furnishi 

demic training to fifty teachers in tl 
ni.iii schools, a representati 
county in the State Congress, a County 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, three 
Presbyterian ministers, beside SUC< essful 
Christian laboring and business men. 
bless the communities where they live, mer- 
chants, bankers, hotel keepers, far: 

A temperance sentiment has been created 
to such a degree that there is not a lie: - 
saloon in the county. 

The Church, with its Sabbath-School, 
Missionary and C. li. society, largely de- 
pendent on the Academy, is supplied with 
regular preaching by Mr. Moore. Hunts- 
ville is a law-abiding community. 

A long-felt want has been a home for our 
teachers and a dormitory- for boarding prom- 
ising young people from the country. Dur- 
ing all these years the school has been 
crippled for want of this. One year ago. 
in the good providence of God, the way 
was opened for the purchase of the most 
commodious and desirable property in the 
town, a building large enough to accommo- 
date the teachers and a dozen or more pupils. 
This convenient building, together with 
eighteen acres of farming land, was pur- 
chased for the exceptionally small sum of 
$2,000, and deeded to trustees to hold for 
the Presbytery. 

EXTRACTS the Reportof Dr. C. A Duncan, Synodical Missionary 

The net increase in church membership 
for the past year has been 272 and the 
total membership for the Synod is 6.455. 

This has been pre-eminently the church 
and school-building year. 

Six new buildings have been and are being 
erected in North Carolina : two in Marshall 
and two at Allanstown, Madison county ; 
one in Burnsville, Yancey county ; and one 
in Jupiter, Buncombe county. To Misses 
Florence Stephenson and Frances L- Good- 
rich and Dr. Thomas Lawrence and Rev. 



H. P. Cory belong most of the credit for 
the raising of the money for the erection of 
these North Carolina buildings. 

Six new buildings have been erected in 
Tennessee : one at Clover Bottom, Sullivan 
county, the result of the persevering efforts 
of Rev. 1). N. Good ; one at Ore Bank, 
Sullivan county, the last work of Rev. W. 
W. Harris before retiring from his field : 
one in Elizabethton, Carter county ; one in 
West Knoxville, one in Madisonville and 
Shesnein church, in Jefferson county. 

A manse has been secured in Johnson 
City and a long-standing debt on the Kings- 
ton manse has been removed. A lot for a 
manse has been bought and paid for in 
Jonesboro. The aggregate cost of these 
buildings is $25,000. nearly one-half of 
which has been raised by the people on the 
ground. It may be well to note here, in 
addition to the above, the erection of the 
new Science building at Maryville College 
at a cost of $10,0^0. 


The Maryville College Y. M. C. A. was 
organized after a series of meetings con 
ducted by Rev. Nathan Bachman, in Feb- 
ruary of 1877. During these meetings a 
large number of students were converted. 
and it was thought by some of them that 
some kind of an organization would be 
helpful in binding together the Christian 
students for mutual edification and for more 
efficient religious work. None of the stu- 
dents had ever been connected with a Y. 
M. C. A., nor were any of them very fa- 
miliar with Y. M. C. A. methods of work, 
but a meeting was called, and at this meet- 
ing, held at 2 o'clock P.M., Friday, March 
2, 1877, in the College chapel, the prelimi- 
nary steps were'taken which resulted in the 
organization of an association. 

The next meeting was held in "Joe Ran- 
kin's room" (Joe roomed in Anderson 
Hall, and the room referred to was the Col • 
lege library, as well as his study), on Mon- 
day, March 5. 

The third was held on March 12, and at 
this meeting the organization seems to have 
been completed. 

The leader in Christian work among the 
students at this time was James B. Porter, 
and he held the position of president until 
his graduation, a few months later. The 
first vice president was John A. Silsby, and 
the first secretary Samuel T. Wilson. 

The "charter members" were: J. D. L. 

Anderson, Conley, R. H. Coulter, 

Clifton B. Dare, W. H. Franklin. C. C. 
Hembree, D. A. Heron, George S. Moore. 
James B. Porter. Joseph W. Rankin, John 
T. Reagan, James E. Rogers, J. A. Silsby, 
L. B. Tedford, S. T. Wilson. 

The regular meetings were held Monday 
evenings, and generally in the halls of the 
literary societies, alternating in the halls of 
the Athenian and Animi Cultus Societies 

In the fall of the year, September, 1877, 
Samuel T. Wilson was elected president, 
and in September, 1878, John A. Silsby was 
elected, who served until September, 1879, 
when J. T. Reagan became president. 

Thinking the above notes might be in- 
teresting, I have written them down. Hav- 
ing been informed that the early records of 
the Y. M. C. A. have been lost, these notes 
may be helpful to the College historian. 

J. A. Silsby. 

A certain eminent judge in our State tells 
the following story of a young but wise lit- 
tle kinsman: 

"Mamma, a great, big bear came out in 
the field after me and I killed him dead. 

"You did? Well, I must go and take a 
look at the bear my little man killed." 

"No, mamma, you can't see him ; the 
birds ate him up." 

"Well, I can see the bones anyway." 

"No, 'twas a little bear, and he had no 

' ' If you ever come within a mile of my 
house, stop there," said a hospitable man 
who was unfortunate in chosing his words.- 



Cash received to Nov. r, 1898 . . . $6 
Subscriptions due and coming due, $4,0'/ > 

1895 — Brick-making by the students. 

1896 — Foundations laid. 

1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 

1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. Yet needed to complete and furnish, 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

The cash receipts from Nov. 26, '97 
Jan. 17, '98, are as follows : 

242 1. W. Jones * 

243 E. P. Scott 

244 Mrs. A. M. Hull 

245 Geo. Hull 

246 John H. Webb. ... 

247 New Market S. S 

248 J. F. Standish 

249 Miss M. E. Henry 

250 W. M. M. Johnson 

251 Miss Emma Alexander 

252 A. R. Macintosh 

253 Miss M. E. Henry 

254 Will. Roberts 

255 Miss Nell McSpadden.. 

256 Y. M. C. A., Pittsburg-, p a 

R. C. Jones 

A Friend, Columbus, O 

259 Arthur Hull 

260 W. R. Sevier 

261 Rev. M. D. Babcock 

262 Rev. T. T. Alexander 1 

263 Joe Frye 

264 Rev. D. H. Overton 

265 Miss Anna E. Henderson 

266 Amos Seaton 



Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer. Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit vhe remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

, to 

















5.00 , 

































1 .00 


Chas. Magill 

R. W. Post 

F. S. Campbell 

Nannie Caldwell 

Wm. Johnson 

Will Ross 

Prof. Elmer B. Waller 

M. W. Erwin 

S. M. Holtsing-er 

W. C. Lyle 

Eugene Holtsinger 

Frank Gass 

G. W. Holtsinger 

Geo. A. Faux 

Mrs. Lena Harris 

Jones M. Hicks 

S. E. Rankin 

S.J. Felknor 

J. B. .Gass 

Alex. Hynds ... 

Mrs. Temple Harris 

Hal. S. Harris 

C. E. Harris 

Dr. J. A. Harris 

Rev. W. H. Smith 


Will. Bird 

1. 00 


1 .00 





1 .00 

l.oi 1 

1. 00 







Maryville College Monthly, 

Vol. I. 

NOVEMBEB, 1898. 

No. 3. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editok-in-Cii ikf. 


Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 




BUSINESS Managers. 

Tub: Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July mid August. Contributions and 

items from graduates, students uuil others glaalj 



year; Singh Copies 


Address all communications to the 

Makyville Colleuk Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Eutered at Maryville, Te. n., as Secuiid -Class Mail Matter. 


The Gymnasium has been opened four 
hours in the week to the young ladies of 
the College. 

Rev. M. M. Rankin, of Bright, Ind., '88. 
visited the college several times during his 
stay in Maryville. 

The midwinter entertainments of the 
Literary Societies will be given in the fol- 
lowing order : Theta Epsilon and Bainonian 
before the holidays, and Alpha Sigma and 
Athenian after the holidays. 

Last month, at Burkesville, Ky., Rev. 
Wilson A. Eisenhart, '98, of Chicago, was 
married to Miss Grace McDonald, a former 
student of the College, and daughter of Dr 
McDonald, synodical missionary of Ken- 

Dr. S. C. Dickey, of Indianapolis, visited 
the college and conducted chapel services 
one morning on his way home from attend- 
ing the meeting of the Synod. He ex- 
pressed surprise at the facilities offered by 
the college for $12 a year. 

A large and enthusiastic class in physical 
culture has been formed under the direction 
of the matron, Mrs. Helen H. Sanford, and 
Miss Henry, Miss Andrews and Miss Per- 
ine are members of the class. Some of the 
young ladies are improving rapidly in 
striking down the ten-pins in the bowling 

Dr. Broadman presented an epitome of 
the life of Lafayette one morning in chapel, 
and gave an opportunity to the students to 
contribute to the fund which is being raised 
by schools and colleges throughout the 
entire country to erect a monument to his 
honor in France. 

The next issue of The Monthly will 
contain an article written by Prof. John C. 
Branner, of Stanford University, who was at 
one time a student at Maryville, and has 
shown his interest in the college by estab- 
lishing a Loan Library of the text-books 
used in the Natural Science Department. 

Football teams chosen from the Sopho- 
more and Senior classes, to line up on one 
side, and from the Junior and Freshman 
classes, to line up on the opposing side, 
were practising hard for a game soon to be 
played. Much interest is being manifested. 
The game will no doubt be the event of the 

The Tuesday evening prayer-meetings in 
the College chapel are attended by at least 
one hundred persons on an average, and 
interest in them is increasing. The song 
service, led by Miss Perine ; Our New Mis- 
sionary Fields, by Miss Henry, and Glad- 
stone, a Christian Statesman, by Thomas 
Maguire, have been especially helpful. 

The Undergraduate, of Middlebury Col- 
lege, has a sketch of the life of Jeremiah E. 
Rankin, president of Howard University, 
Washington, D. C, written by Dr. Board- 
man. Dr. Rankin will be long remembered 
as the author of the familiar hymn begin- 
ning with the words. "God be with yon till 
we meet again." 

The business managers of The Monthly 
have secured 51 new subscribers from 
Knoxville, including Hon. Henry R. Gib- 
son, Judge Lindsay, Judge Maloney, Judge 
Rogers. C. E. Luckey. C. T. Cates, Rev. J. 
S. Jones, and Dr. Ott. The Monthly now 
lacks only 14 of having 800 subscriptions. 
The December issue, or Christmas number, 
will be double the present size, and printed 
upon heavier paper. 



Dr. J. M. P. Otts, of Knoxville, author 
of a number of religious works, including 
"The Fifth Gospel." delivered a very in- 
structive lecture on ' ' Ancient and Modern 
Egypt" before the Y. M. C. A. of the 
college last week. 

A very pleasing concert was given in the 
College chapel on October 13 before a 
large and appreciative audience. Mr. Will. 
Richards, Mr. Davis and Miss Emma Fanz 
represented Knoxville, and Mrs. Bartlett. 
Miss Flora Henry, and Miss Leila Perine 
represented Maryville, on the excellent and 
enjoyable program, which was as follows: 

Jubal Overture — Weber 

Mrs. Bartlett and Miss Perine. 

Bandolero — Stewart. . .Mr. Will. Richards. 
The Lily — De Koven . . . Miss Emma Fan; . 

Symphony — Beethoven 

Mrs. Bartlett and Miss Henry. 
a Ah ! -Tis a Dream — Hawley ; b The 

Red, Red Rose — Hastings 

.Mr. Richards. 

Violin Solo Mr. Davis 

a Proposal — Bracket ; b Lullaby — 

Newcombe Miss Emma Fanz 

a Adagio — Beethoven ; b Etude — Wol- 

lenhaupt Miss Perine. 

Violin Solo Mr. Davis 

Benediction Mr. Will. Richards 

The number of students in attendance 
one year ago was larger than that of 1896, 
and the enrollment of 1898 shows a marked 
gain also over the preceding year. On 
November 1, 1898. the enrollment had 
reached 252, while in the term, September- 
December, 1897, the whole number attend- 
ing was 248. A number of late arrivals will 
yet report, and the enrollment will be ma- 
terially increased. The average number of 
additions after the Christmas holidays will 
bring the attendance to more than 400. Of 
the number now enrolled. 206 are from 
Tennessee, 2 from Alabama, 1 from South 
■ Carolina, 1 from Georgia, 3 from Florida, 
3 from North Carolina, 1 from New York, 
3 from Pennsylvania, 4 from Kentucky, 1 1 
from Ohio, 2 from Indiana, 5 from Illinois, 

r from Iowa, 1 from Minn' 
foreign countries there are eight, 
furnishes 3. Brazil 1. England and Wales 
2, Syria 2. 

A student from Greece, a native of thai 
country, will soon be with us for a course 
of study. 

Echoes from Professor GofT's tour have 
come from Luzerne County, Pa., through 
two students, who state that they were led 
here by a report in the Wilkesbarre Record 
of an address in that city by a professor of 
Maryville College. 

The relative number of college students 
is larger than usual, and with the additional 
facilities in the higher departments and the 
growing perception of the value of a college 
education, this percentage will probablv 
soon show a greater increase. 

On the evening of October 28 both sec- 
tions of the Athenian Society met in their 
monthly joint meeting. The hall was filled 
with members and visitors from the town. 
The following program was rendered, 
and was very much enjoyed by all present : 

Declamation A. G. Hull. 

Essay D. W. Crawford. 

Debate — Resolved, That the Environ- 
ments of County Life Tend to 
Produce Better Men Than Those 

of City Life 

Affirmative Dickey, W. E. Lewis 

Negative — Thomas Maguire, Keys. 

Select. Reading J. E. Tracy. 

The Athenian R B. Elmore. 

Soph — "Say ! Ever hear the story of 
three eggs ? ' ' 

Fresh — " No. What is it ? " 

Soph — " Too bad. Ever hear about the 
hard-boiled one ? " 

Fresh — " No." 

Soph — "Hard to beat. Hear 'bout the 
egg and coffee ? ' ' 

Fresh — "No." 

Soph — " That settles it . " 

Fresh — " Settles what ? " 

Soph-"Ta, ta."— Ex. 




The Synod of Tennessee, which controls 
Maryville College, convened in Madison- 
ville on October 25, and was opened with 
a sermon by the retiring moderator, Presi- 
dent Samuel W. Boardman. Rev. Thomas 
Lawrence, D.D., was elected moderator. 
and Prof. Elmer B. Waller temporary 

The president of Maryville College pre- 
sented his report, and it will be published in 
the next issue of The Monthly. 

The president of Greenville and Tuscu- 
lum College presented his report, and made 
mention of the generous aid given by Mrs. 
Cyrus McCormick. The present enroll- 
ment is 120 students. 

The Synod indorsed the movement to in- 
vite the General x\ssembly to meet in Chat- 
tanooga in 1900. 

Wednesday evening was given to the 
cause of Temperance, and many spoke upon 
this subject. Among the resolutions 
passed was one asking the President of the 
United States to use his influence to re- 
move from our brave soldiers the debasing 
influences of the army canteen. 

The great theme of Home Missions was 
presented by Dr. E. A. Elmore, and he 
was followed by Dr. C. A. Duncan, synod- 
ical missionary. Rev. H. G. Denison spoke 
on the subject, "Home Missions and the 
Twentieth Century" ; Rev. W. H. Frank - 
lin spoke on the subject, "Colored Work of 
the Synod of Tennessee," and Mrs. James 
Anderson told how $1,000 had been raised 
in Tennessee for the Huntsville work, and 
how important it was to raise $1,000 more. 
Subscriptions from churches and individ- 
uals were then made, amounting to $204, 
for this Home Mission enterprise. 

An overture from the Presbytery of Hol- 
ston, asking that a new Presbytery be 
formed in North Carolina, to be known as 
the French Broad Presbytery, was grant- 

The Synod approved of the plan adopted 
by the Board of Directors of Maryville 

College for raising twenty scholarships oi 
$1,000 each, and commended the work to its 
churches and presbyteries. 

A masterly report on Foreign Missions 
was presented by Dr. R. L. Bachman, and 
then Synod had the pleasure of hearing Dr. 
Thomas Marshall, field secretary of the 
Foreign Board. 

Thursday evening, in a popular meeting 
after a pleasing program by the young 
people of the church and a short address 
from Dr. S. C. Dickey, of Indianapolis, in 
the interest of the Winona Assembly, the 
cause of Foreign Missions was again em- 
phasized by Dr. Marshall in a powerful and 
encouraging address. 

After thanking the people of Madison- 
ville for their hospitality, Synod adjourned 
to meet next year at Washington College, 
with Salem Church. 


"Whereas, Our Y. M. C. A. and Gymna- 
sium Building Association felt the great 
and pressing need of funds to complete our 
longed-for building; and 

"Whereas, Feeling this necessity, it peti- 
tioned Prof. H. A. Goff to present our cause 
to the benevolently disposed people of the 
North ; and 

"Whereas, Prof. H. A. Goff granted our 
petition, and during three busy months en- 
dured hardships for our cause and ob 
tained $1,800 as a result of his efforts; 
therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That we hereby extend to 
him our most hearty thanks for his very 
material aiding of our students' enterprise. 

"Resolved, Tha.t a copy of this action be 
read in chapel, a copy be presented to 
Professor Goff, and a copy be published in 
both the College Notes and the Maryville 
College Monthly. 

"T. Maguire.W. A. Campbell. W. R. 
Jones, Committee from Y. M. C. A. 

"Hubert S. Lyle, W. T. Bartlett, C. N. 
Magill, H. M. Welsh, Executive Commit- 
tee of Bartlett Hall Building Association." 



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Maryville College Monthly. 

l'wenty-five Ctnls a "V e; i r 


^tf? 'KfS^ ^ft* 

dlZazuvilL (2 



REV. S. W. BOAKDMAN, 1). I>.. 
ital and M 


LL. D., 

isident and Professor of 
and of Diuai 

>ral Selene 

tic Tin 


Professor of the English Language and Literature 
; Span is 

and of the 




Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor, Registrar and Librarian. 

ifessor Of the Greek Language and Literatui 

Professor of the Natural 

Ph. I). 



rofessor of the Latin Language and Literatim 


>f the Prep 
of the Scie 


■a lory Depi 

A. M. 

Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study — the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teacheii's. The curriculum embraces 
the various brauches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such. Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It' has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. .Six 
large college buildings, besides the President's 
house and two other residences'. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 

Instructor In the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 

Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 




Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced instructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only $6.00 per 
term, or $12.00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only §3.00 per term, or $6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumental music at low 
rates. Board at Co-operative Boarding 
Club only about $1.20 per Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from $2.00 to 
$2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, $75.00 to $125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1899. 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, Maryville, Tenn. 

'Absent on leave at Yale University. 

+ Absent on leave at Chicago University. 

Volume I 

Maryville College Monthly. 


DECEMBER, 1898. 


Prof. John C. Branner, of Stanford Uni- 
versity, California, is a native of Jefferson 
County, East Tennessee. He attended 
Maryville College for two years, '68 and '69. 
and afterwards graduated from Cornell 
University. He has occupied prominent 
positions in educational work. 

For a number of years he was the State 
Geologist of Arkansas, and now he is in 
charge of the Geological Department of 
Stanford University. 

His interest in his old College has been 
shown by establishing a Loan Library of 
the text-books used in the Natural Science 



Department of Maryville College, and in 
the following letter, in which he rejoices 
with us in the erection of the new Fayer- 
weather Science Hall: 

"Overzealous friends of science and over- 
zealous friends of religion have too long 
stirred up ill feeling between these subjects 
— an animosity as uncalled for, as unrea- 
sonable, and as disastrous as the famous 
quarrel between the belly and the limbs. 

"Science has done and is doing so much 
to relieve human suffering ; it has contrib- 
uted and is contributing so much to the 
comfort and happiness and progress of 
mankind that it is very desirable that all 
classes and all professions should, at least, 
know something of its methods and its re- 
sults. Science can be taught successfully 
only by making students personally ac- 
quainted with the facts with which they 
have to deal, and this can be done only by 
what we know as laboratory methods, and, 
in the case of natural history branches, by 
laboratory and field work. 

"It is a great pleasure, therefore, to see 
that the trustees of Maryville College have 
been able to make more adequate provision 
for the teaching of science by building and 
equipping the new Science Hall. 

"J- C. Branner. 

"Stanford Universitv, California, Octo- 
ber 28, 1898." 



To the traveler in Europe Spain is an 
out-of-the-way country, and to the traveler 
in Spain Salamanca is an out-of-the-way 
city. But Spain is vastly more interesting 
than the more fashionable and more trav- 
eled parts of Europe. One can hardly find 
in the whole country a city, a town, a vil- 
lage that is not picturesque or interesting 
in one way or another, and one can visit 
them and enjoy them at leisure without 
seeing in every foreground some one con- 
sulting an open Baedecker to find out what 
and how much to admire. 

Salamanca is one of the most interest- 
ing cities in this interesting country. It 
stands in the midst of vast wheat fields that 
stretch away on all sides without a fence or 
a hedge or a house or a tree In August 

the whole region was dry and dusty, and 
the compactly built towns through the val- 
ley of the Tormes were so near the color of 
the ripe wheat and of the dust that one had 
to look twice to be sure he wasn't looking 
at a landscape of rocks. And Salamanca, 
"the mother of the virtues, arts and 
sciences," is as brown and dusty as the rest 
of them. 

In and about the town the mingling on 
all sides of the ancient with the prosy but 
picturesque modern makes Salamanca a 
highly interesting place to see, though not 
in every respect a pleasant one at which to 
stop. (The best hotel in the place offers 
some of the luxuries and some of the neces- 
saries of life, but some of both are wanting.) 
On one side of the town is an old Roman 
stone bridge, 1,500 feet long, said to have 
been built by Trajan, and so well preserved 
that it might have been built but ten years 
ago ; on the other side is a modern plaza de 
toros, or bull ring, big enough to hold the 
entire population of Salamanca ; in the mid- 
dle are the university, the cathedral, the 
Plaza Mayor, the Casa de las Conchas, Pa- 
lacio de Monterey, Torre del Clavero, the 
Church and Convent of San Esteban, and 
half a dozen other interesting buildings. 
The streets are mostly narrow and crooked, 
and in the most unexpected nooks and cor- 
ners one stumbles upon charming bits of 
architecture — perfect gems of artistic de- 
sign and workmanship. Few foreigners 
visit Salamanca each year, and but few of 
these would go except for the university. 

Like a great many things in Spain, the 
University of Salamanca is more interesting 
on account of its antiquity and the associa- 
tions its name calls up than for its actual 
importance in the world. When at Madrid 
I asked a Spanish dignitary what branches 
of science were taught at Salamanca, he 
smiled and replied: "The sciences of the- 
ology, Latin and Greek." Yet there was a 
time when Salamanca was the pride and 
glory of Christian Europe, and was looked 
upon as first in the sciences — omnium scien- 
tiarum princeps Salmantica docet. as they 
put it. 



The instruction actually given here, with 
the exception of that in law, is no better 
than, if as good as that given in our high- 
schools, yet Pope Alexander IV. spoke of it 
in 1255 as "one of the four lights of the 
world," the other three being those of Ox- 
ford, Paris and Bologna. Looking Sala- 
manca over to-day one can not but reflect 
that when the Pope made that remark the 
world was not as well lighted as it is now- 
adays. It is to be remembered, however, 
that the university's glory has departed only 
as the glory of Spain itself has declined. 

The history of the University of Sala- 
manca is the history of the Church and of 
education in Spain. It is said to have been 
founded by Alfonso IX. of Leon toward the 
close of the twelfth century, but the details 
of its early history are lost in the darkness 
of the Middle Ages. For several centuries, 
however, it was a great seat of Christian 
learning, and students flocked to it from all 
quarters of the Christian world. 

It is said that there were at one time as 
many as 14,000 students at Salamanca 
This enormous number, however, is prob- 
ably to be accounted for by the ancient cus- 
tom of extending university privileges to a 
great many persons who were not bona fide 
students. The attendance is believed to 
have been only between six and seven thou- 
sand at most. It reached its highest devel- 
opment or popularity in the sixteenth cen- 
tury ; since then it has gradually declined, 
until to-day it is the least important of the 
ten universities of Spain. 

It goes without saying that a seat of 
learning once celebrated throughout all 
Europe has been the fostering mother of 
many of the scholars and statesmen of 
Spain and of other countries as well. Here 
Columbus was sent by Ferdinand and Isa- 
bella (1484-86) to meet the council of 
learned doctors who were to advise in re- 
gard his proposed voyage. Saint Ter- 
esa lived in the city of Salamanca. Cer- 
vantes received here a part of his education. 
and Pedro Calderon de la Barca, the great 
Spanish poet and dramatist, graduated here 
in 1619. 

In the early da; 
struction was given in the cloi 
old cathedral, but since 1433 it ''- 
buildings of its own. For many year:- now 
the University of Salamanca has been a 
part of the educational system of Spain. 

Omitting mention of the primary and 
technical schools, the general educational 
system of Spain consists of a large num- 
ber of "institutes" of secondary instruction, 
of forty-six normal schools for men, thirty- 
one normal schools for women and ten uni- 
versities — one in each of the university dis- 
tricts into which the whole country is di- 
vided, as follows: Barcelona, Cadiz, Gran- 
ada, Madrid, Salamanca, Santiago, Sevilla. 
Valladolid, Valencia and Zaragoza. These 
institutions are all maintained either by the 
General Government alone or by the Gen- 
eral Government in co-operation with the 

The instructing bodies of the universi- 
ties were originally divided into "faculties" 
or departments of (x) philosophy and let- 
ters, (2) sciences, (3) pharmacy, (4) medi- 
cine, (5) law, (6) theology. In 1868 the 
faculty of theology was suppressed. Only 
two degrees are conferred — licenciado and 
doctor — the latter is conferred only by the 
head of the university — that at Madrid ; 
while licenciado — the licentiate degree — is 
conferred by all of them. 

This is, perhaps, enough to give an idea 
of where the University of Salamanca stands 
in the present educational system of Spain. 

The main university building at Sala- 
manca, like the city itself — like Spain — is a 
mixture of the commonplace and of a 
beauty and richness of ornamentation, pic- 
turesqueness and suggestiveness that defy 
description. The outside walls are. for the 
most part, as painfully plain, bare and un- 
attractive as a half-decayed stone fence. 
They are of plain yellowish sandstone or 
limestone, dustv. without any attempt at 
architectural effect, with only a few small 
windows, and those high above the ground 
and smothered in dust. The only part of 
the outside that arrests the attention is the 
main entrance, and on this the skill and 



taste of the best artists have been lavished 
so freely that one forgives and forgets the 
prison-like walls of the rest of the outside. 
And as the walls of the buildings are flush 
with the sidewalk, a person on the same side 
of the narrow street might pass even this 
beautiful front without seeing it, for the 
striking part of it is all above the top of the 
door. The entire space from the top of the 
door to the roof, and covering a space of 
about twenty-five feet wide, is one of the 
finest pieces of stone carving in the world. 
The stone is a rich cream-colored to drab, 
soft but compact limestone, resembling 
lithographic limestone, that admits of so 
delicate a finish that the carving has been 
justly spoken of as a precious embroidery 
done in stone. Such a work could have 
been made only by artists of the first abil- 
ity, who were willing to give to it years of 
the most patient and painstaking toil. 
Strange to say, the name of the architect is 
not known. 

The building is of two stories, in the 
form of a closed court. As I have said, the 
walls without are, for the most part, plain, 
bare and unattractive. Only the ends of 
the tiles of the roof are visible, and the few 
small windows high up their sides do not 
relieve the outside barrenness altogether. 
The inclosed court is about ioo feet square. 
Around this runs an arcade, beneath and off 
which open the lecture and other rooms. 

The rooms exhibited with the most evi- 
dent satisfaction are the assembly-room and 
the chapel. The latter is a stuffy, narrow 
room used for the meetings of the officials 
on state occasions, and for religious services 
connected with such meetings. At the end 
of the room is the usual image of the Vir- 
gin, while along the walls, which are draped 
with crimson velvet, are upholstered, high- 
backed chairs, and above them are suspend- 
ed many banners, among which are the col- 
ors of the various departments or faculties. 
These colors are: For law, crimson; for 
science, dark blue ; for philosophy, light 
blue ; for medicine, yellow. 

The large assembly-room, also on the 
ground floor, is remarkable for nothing 

more striking than that the front rows of 
seats are upholstered, while those in the 
rear are not. Over the platform is a full- 
length oil portrait of the Queen Regent 
holding the infant king in her arms. It is 
said to have been painted by a Spanish lady. 
Around the walls of the room are sixteen 
other oil portraits of distinguished men. 

The recitation rooms are in reality much 
more interesting than these chambers of 
state, where one is expected to speak in 
bated breath. They open off the lower 
quadrangle, each by a single door, are 
about thirty feet long by fifteen or twenty 
feet wide, and lighted, or twilighted, by a 
single small window about ten feet from the 
floor in the end of the room ooposite the 
door. The professor's desk stands on a 
raised platform immediately beneath the 
unwashed window. The door opening into 
the quadrangle is kept closed during reci- 
tations, and the only visible means of ven- 
tilation is through the keyhole. A more dis- 
mal and generally unattractive recitation- 
room it would be difficult to imagine. The 
floor is of concrete ; the students' seats 
stand across the room, facing the profes- 
sor's desk; when the door is closed, even 
on a bright day, the room is usually so 
dark (and what little lead-colored light 
there is comes in such a wrong direction) 
that reading ordinary print must be almost 
impossible. The seats are rough-hewn 
beams of pine wood about six inches 
square, each one resting upon and mortised 
into two upright posts of the same size, 
and planted in the plaster-covered floor. 
In front of these rude seats and about eigh- 
teen inches away are timbers of the same 
size and shape as the seats, except that the 
sides next to the seats are beveled off so as 
to slope toward the students in front of them. 
These seats and desks (by courtesy) are 
shiny with wear, and badly worm-eaten, and 
bear the marks of generations of whittling 
and name carving. Until 1862 the large 
assembly hall was furnished with seats of 
this kind. 

The stairway leading to the upper story 
is one of the striking things about the 



building. It is wide ; has two landings or 
right-angle turns, is of drab limestone, and 
instead of the usual open balustrade, has a 
solid stone side extending from bottom to 
top. The sides of this solid balustrade are 
beautifully carved in high relief, and the re- 
lief on the one side is exactly repeated on 
the side opposite. On the second floor 
there is a porch running around the 
quadrangle, just as it does below. On this 
floor, among others, are the faculty-room 
and the library. 

The library is divided into two parts, 
one containing the books in common use, 
the other containing the rare books and 
manuscripts. The librarian informed me 
that only a part of these rare books and 
a few of the manuscripts were catalogued. 
On inquiring why more attention was not 
paid to such valuable documents I was in- 
formed that they were not very interesting. 
I examined several of them, and found them 
to be discourses in Latin upon theological 
subjects. The most valuable historical doc- 
uments belonging to the university are kept 
in large safes in the office of the secretary, 
which office is in one of the old university 
buildings across the street from the present 
building. These documents are shown to 
visitors, however, with a freedom that one 
would hardly expect. Among them are 
parchment letters and patents of kings and 
the bulls of popes with their original seals. 
The library contains 60,000 volumes. Some 
of the statistics for 1891-92 are as follows: 
20,552 volumes were served to 17,579 read- 
ers ; of these books the largest number was 
5,968 on science and arts, 4,310 on law, 
4,232 on belles lettres, 2,709 on theology. 
The library was open 308 days in the year. 

There is no money for the purchase of 
new books now, and the allotment for the 
library is barely sufficient to pay for pens, 
ink and paper and cheap clerk hire to take 
care of what they now have. 

Students enter the university very 
young, and graduates of 15 are not uncom- 
mon even after four or five years in the 
university. The students live in lodg- 
ing-houses about the city ; some of them 

buy their food and hire it cool ed. These 
live for about 20 cents a day. For 50 ( 
a day one can have a room, lights and 
meals. After supper it is the custom b 
to a cafe, smoke, and play cards and domi- 
noes, talk and sip wine. The only college 
sport is the game of pelota, one of the n 
beautiful and interesting games I have ever 

There is a general impression that 
Spanish students spend much of their time 
playing the guitar. They do nothing of the 
kind — there is not a guitar in the univer- 
sity, and there is no singing, and, so far as 
could be ascertained, only two student or- 
ganizations, and these are debating clubs. 

In former times candidates for the doc- 
tor's degree had to publicly defend a thesis 
after spending the entire previous night 
praying in a certain chapel. Now they 
have come down to commonplace examina- 
tions, partly written and partly oral. 

The instructing body is divided into 
four departments or "faculties" — (1) phil- 
osophy and letters, (2) law, (3) medicine, 
(4) science (physics and chemistry). The 
first two of these departments are main- 
tained by the General Government, and 
medicine and science are maintained by the 
Ayuntamiento and the province of Sala- 
manca jointly. 

The university district of Salamanca in- 
cludes four provinces, which have a popu- 
lation of 1,120,983 inhabitants. In 1892-93 
there were 668 students registered at the 
university; 375 of these were taking the 
course in law, 113 were taking medicine, 
and 128 were taking philosophy. I was 
told that there were between 1.200 and 
1,400 students in the Jesuit College of Sala- 
manca in 1894. This institution, however. 
has no organic connection with the Uni- 
versity of Salamanca. 

But, as I have already intimated, Sala- 
manca does not represent the best there is 
or all there is of Spanish education to-day. 
The University of Zaragoza (Saragossa, as 
we call it) is a much better equipped institu- 
tion than that at Salamanca. There they 
have two buildings, the old one now occu- 



pied by the law and literary departments, 
and the new one occupied by the depart- 
ments of science and medicine. The 
new building is an expensive one and well 
planned, though hardly all that the secre- 
tary seemed to think of it. ("The most 
splendid thing in Europe," he called it.) 
The anatomical and natural history depart- 
ments are well equipped, while the outfits 
in the chemical and physical laboratories 
are up to the best modern requirements. It 
is worthy of note, however, that these 
laboratories have nothing Spanish about 
them, but that they are essentially German, 
both in plans and equipments. 

At Barcelona the university building is 
a modern, but a beautiful and thoroughly 
substantial one of stone. The assembly- 
room is the finest thing of the kind I have 
ever seen. At Oxford they take a certain 
pride in the general mustiness, uncomforta- 
bleness and unattractiveness of the Sheldon- 
ian Theater, which has little beside its asso- 
ciations to commend it to present or future 
generations. The assembly-room at Barce- 
lona, on the other hand, is attractive and 
interesting in itself. It is of Moorish de- 
sign and coloring, and the walls are cov- 
ered all the way round, at the proper height, 
with large paintings representing scenes and 
events in Spanish history— not cheap, taw- 
dry work, done by the square yard, but the 
work of masters, every one of them. 

But Barcelona is a modern city, with all 
the modern improvements— the least Span- 
ish city in Spain. Ships of all nations en- 
ter her port ; she has a vast commerce, rail- 
ways, electric tramways, brilliant streets 
and shops, beautiful parks and public 
buildings ; all the languages of Europe may 
be heard in her streets, and Paris furnishes 
the fashions for the inhabitants. Her uni- 
versity building is beautiful and substantial, 
but it is thoroughly modern, and within its 
walls one finds modern men with modern 
ways and modern thoughts. Salamanca, 
on the other hand, is an inland city, where 
foreigners are seldom seen. The people of 
the region around it retain their ancient, 
picturesque customs and costumes, and the 

odors of the Middle Ages still hang about 
the city, the cathedral, the churches and the 


Made to the Synod of Tennessee at Madisonville, 
October 26, 1898. 

The attendance of students at Maryville 
College during the past year has been 379. 
Of these 172, or about one-half, have been 
in the classical or Latin scientific courses, 
while many of the younger preparatory stu- 
dents will hereafter take Latin, so that 
considerably more than one-half of our stu- 
dents are really on their way to classical or 
Latin scientific studies. 

The whole number in the College De- 
partment has been 121. Of these there 
were: Classical, 36; Latin scientific, 29; 
English scientific, 17; special studies, 39. 
In the Preparatory Department there have 
been 258 students — classical, 67: Latin 
scientific, 40; English scientific, 151. The 
extremelv low expenses of education here 
are generally known to the Synod, yet it 
may be proper to restate some items: Tui- 
tion, $12 a year; room rent, heating and 
lights, $13.80; board for 39 weeks, about 
$48.00; rental of text-books, about $5.00, or 
a total of $78.80 a year. 

The present College endowment is esti- 
mated by the treasurer at $255,440.82. To- 
tal income from all sources last college year, 
$19,302.65. Receipts from tuition or inci- 
dental charges, $4,328.02. Receipts from 
benefactions last college year, $1,651.83. 

Perhaps no one year has ever witnessed 
so much material progress in the affairs of 
the College as the last. At the semi-an- 
nual meeting of the Board of Directors, on 
January 13, 1898, ten important measures 
were adopted looking to the immediate en- 
largement of the advantages of the College. 
The first of these was provision for the erec- 
tion of a new Science Building, long de- 
sired, to be called Eayerweather Hall, and 
to be built with funds received from the 
Fayerweather legacy. 



This hall has been so far completed that 
it has been in use for recitations from the 
beginning of the present term. The hall 
has two stories, with a basement under the 
rear part. It has a frontage of one hun- 
dred and six feet, and runs back ninety- 
seven feet. The first floor, besides a large, 
well-lighted entrance and stair hall, has an 
office, a fire-proof vault, a storage room, 
and six large, well-lighted science rooms ; 
three for chemical laboratories, and three 
for physics. The second story contains six 
large rooms of corresponding size, besides 
two store-rooms and another office. 
Among these second-story rooms are two 
more laboratories, and a room to be used 
as a museum. The building is of brick, 
trimmed with Ohio buff brick, and with 
gray marble, and is covered with slate. The 
interior is finished in natural wood, and the 
rooms are furnished with such cases, tables, 
chairs and other conveniences as are appro- 
priate for such a building. Next year Mr. 
John W. Ritchie, of the last class, who is 
now a graduate student in Chicago Univer- 
sity, will be an assistant in the Science De- 
partment, so that advanced and enlarged 
instruction will be given in chemistry, 
physics, biology and geology. 

Improvement on the grounds have been 
continued through the year, under the stu- 
dents' labor aid fund, macadamizing the 
plotted roads. Also, in January an appro- 
priation was made by the Board of Direc- 
tors for the care of the campus, and new 
brick walks are now in process of construc- 
tion in front of the new Science Hall and 
around other College buildings. The gym- 
nasium has been in use since last Janu- 
ary. Two good bowling alleys, thoroughly 
furnished, have been added. The young 
ladies of the College, under the charge of 
the matron, are allowed to have exclusive 
use of the gymnasium for one hour on four 
days of each week. The young ladies are 
greatly enjoying this new form of exercise, 
and it is believed that this privilege, under 
suitable physical instruction, will be largely 
conducive to health, and to the cultivation 
of graceful deportment. 

Three thousand dollars arc still needed 
for the completion of Bartletl Hall, that 
the Y. M. C. A. may have the u ■■ of its 
ample rooms. The cash received for that 
building up to September i, 1898, amount- 
ed to $6,118.30. Subscriptions due and 
coming due, $4,000. In the middle of 
March, at the request of students, faculty 
and trustees, and with the permission of 
the Board, Prof. Herman A. Goff spent 
three months and a half in the North, so- 
liciting funds for the completion of Bartlett 
Hall. Two persons contributed $500 each. 
two gave $200 each, five gave $100 each, 
and others gave smaller amounts. 

Earlier in the academic year, during the 
first term, nearly a year ago, Rev. Frank E. 
Moore, of the New Providence Church, 
very kindly rendered a similar valuable 
service for several weeks, confining himself, 
however, to the West, but going as far as 
Chicago. Among the students Mr. Hu- 
bert S. Lyle, president of the Bartlett Hall 
Association, now a senior, and others, have 
been very efficient. It is earnestly hoped 
that the building may be soon finished, and 
the large auditorium be made accessible for 
a broader religious work than has ever yet 
been possible. 

During the present term a very hand- 
some monthly periodical, called the "Mary- 
ville College Monthly," has been issued. 
Two finely illustrated numbers, those for 
September and October, have already ap- 
peared. Prof. Elmer B. Waller is editor- 
in-chief, and is aided by four students, rep- 
resenting the four literary societies. This 
long-needed publication, for which the 
Board of Directors made a generous ap- 
propriation, will not only send out constant 
information concerning the College, and so 
keep the College in touch with its friends, 
and with the Christian world, but will also 
give much intelligence concerning the 
Synod, its churches and ministers, and so 
form an important bond between the Col- 
lege and the Synod under whose care it has 
flourished to its eightieth year. 

At the meeting of the Directors in Janu- 
ary a committee was appointed to colder 



the general needs of the College instruction, 
involving any desirable modifications of the 
curriculum, additional teachers, or other 
improvements. This committee gave dili- 
gent attention to their work, and made im- 
portant recommendations, which were 
adopted at the regular annual meeting in 
May, at the annual commencement. An 
elaborate synopsis of a course of instruc- 
tion for five years for a Teachers' Depart- 
ment was adopted, and is published for the 
first time in the last annual catalogue. 

Maryville College has always achieved 
a large part of its usefulness in the prepara- 
tion of teachers for this and other States. 
But it now enters upon a new era in this 
great beneficent service. 

The Fayerweather endowment places 
Maryville College in the very first rank of 
Southern Institutions, in its equipment for 
thorough training in pedagogics. The de- 
mands for the degree of B.S. are now much 
elevated. That degree will henceforth re- 
quire more extended study and have a high- 
er value. At the same time provision is 
made for students in the teachers' course to 
pass into the other courses as they are com- 
petent, if at any time they shall desire to do 
so. Provision is also made for numerous 
elective studies in the Sophomore, Junior 
and Senior years, for broader courses in the 
natural sciences ; for additional opportuni- 
ties in the ancient and modern languages, 
mathematics, English literature, logic, and 
rhetoric. Especial attention may properly 
be called to the larger provision made since 
our last report to Synod for instruction in 
German and French, while Spanish, as here- 
tofore taught, is attracting increased atten- 
tion, stimulated by the events of the present 
year. More than seventy students are now 
studying the modern languages. 

The department of instrumental music 
also is now offering superior advantages. 
Classes in the theory of music are organ- 
ized at the beginning of each term. Good 
instruments for practice are furnished. 
Terms are low. 

An additional instructor has been pro- 
vided in Latin and Greek, another in Eng- 

lish language and literature, a third in mod- 
ern languages ; and a fourth in the natural 
sciences will, as already noted, enter upon 
his work, after graduate study, next year. 
With our greatly enlarged facilities in the 
natural sciences, it is believed that the Col- 
lege will speedily advance to high rank in 
that department. 

The co-operative boarding club has 
continued its excellent work. The Presi- 
dent, after boarding there for a month, be- 
lieves that no other table in Maryville, of 
hotel or private household, presents so 
large a variety of solid and well-prepared 
food, at so many meals, as this club. The 
cost has been less than $5.00 a month, 
and of this much is paid by the students 
themselves in labor. 

The students' Labor Fund has assisted 
about thirty needy and worthy students, 
who performed labor for improvement on 
the campus. 

The venerable Mrs. Melissa P. Dodge, 
widow of the late Hon. William E. Dodge,. 
has recently contributed $100 to this fund. 
Her son, Rev. Dr. D. Stuart Dodge, also 
sent $100 for the aid of needy students. 
Several new donors have contributed to the 
College during the past year. The widow 
of the late Rev. John C. Bodwell has made 
known through Rev. Dr. William H. Bates,. 
of Webster Grove, Mo., the appropriation 
in her will of $3,000 to provide annual 
prizes in Maryville College for proficiency 
in Bible study. 

The demand for a larger number of 
scholarships to aid needy students has been 
long and deeply felt. Some colleges and 
professional schools have many such schol- 
arships. The faculty unanimouTy and urg- 
ently presented to the Board of Directors, 
at their last annual meeting, the plan of an 
effort to raise, within the next three years, 
twenty scholarships of one thousand dol- 
lars each for this purpose. The Board took 
the following action: "That we heartily ap- 
prove of that part of the report recommend- 
ing the raising of twenty scholarships of 
$1,000 each, providing that this can be done- 
without incurring expense to the Board.. 


6 J 

And we indorse the suggestion of an appeal 
to the Synod, the Presbyteries and individ- 
uals for co-operation in this effort." In 
accordance with this recommendation of 
the Board, a suitable resolution will be pre- 
sented to this body in favor of this plan. 
Some steps have already been taken for its 
realization, and the first of these twenty 
scholarships has already been donated by 
the Misses Willards, of Auburn, N. Y. 

The income of this noble offering will 
'become available, in whole or in part, for 
the present year. 

The enrollment for the present term is 
about 250, somewhat larger than the en- 
rollment at the same time last year. The 
number in the co-operative boarding club 
is about no. 

An interesting feature of the last annual 
commencement was the presentation to the 
College of an excellent portrait of the late 
Hon. Horace Maynard, the eminent states- 
man and warm friend of Maryville College. 
The presentation was made at the annual 
festival of the alumni in an appropriate and 
cordial address by his son, James May- 
nard, Esq., of Knoxville. 

Especial religious services were held, as 
usual, in the month of February, conducted 
by Rev. Dr. Trimble, of this Synod. The 
meetings were largely useful, resulting in 
the hopeful conversion of a goodly number 
and the quickening and elevation of many 
others. The Tuesday evening prayer-meet- 
ings, the meetings of the Y. M. C. A., 
and of the Y. W. C. A., and of the Volun- 
teer Mission Band have been well sus- 
tained. Several classes for especial Bible 
study have been conducted by the young 
men. A number of our students entered 
the army and have made good records. 
Some are now on the opposite side of the 

Mr. Kin Takahashi, who was so efficient 
in many ways, and especially in the erec- 
tion of Bartlett Hall, left us nearly a year 
ago, and returned to his parents in Japan. 
He has written a touching account of his 
tender and cordial reception by his kindred 
and friends. Soon after his arrival his 

health failed under the rigors of the cli- 
mate, and he has been much of the time in 
the hospital. He hopes to do active Chris- 
tian work in due time, and asks our pray- 
ers for himself, his kindred and his country. 
With the new building, additional in- 
structors, and the revised, enlarged and en- 
riched curriculum, an education in Mary- 
ville College will become more than ever 
valuable. A scholarship, keeping a stu- 
dent here continually for ages to come, will 
be more than ever useful. Scholarships 
are the next great pressing need of the Col- 
lege. It is earnestly hoped that the entire 
Synod will contribute to the speedy estab- 
lishment of the twenty proposed scholar- 


So quietly gathered the naughty seven, 
In the corner room at half past eleven, 
And skillfully planning their midnight raid, 
But "Hark !" says one, "I'm half afraid." 

The matron's firm step was heard in the 

But only to fasten the doors, that was all ; 
So back to her room, she extinguished the 

Quite forgetful that this was "Hallow-e'en" 


While all were sleeping quite peaceful and 

The naughty seven were beginning their 

round ; 
With quiet proceedings they reached the 

first floor, 
And hastened to tie Miss Kingsbury's 


Then next to the music-room, but stopped 

in wonder. 
As to whether Mrs. Wilson was quiet in 

slumber ; 
"Hark ! I hear a sound ;" no, 'tis only the 

clock striking one; 
Then, tying that door, their work was half 


And now for the store-room, the last on the 

But nothing but hardtacks and stale gin- 
ger-snaps could be found : 

So back to their room they silently sped. 

And ere half past two were quietly in bed. 



But shortly had they in sweet slumber been 

Till they were awakened by a very loud 

'Twas Miss Kingsbury's voice calling 

loudly for help, 
"My door has been tied by some unworthy 


But much to their sorrow, and now for the 

The music-room window had been left 

So old Mr. Wilson, as quick as a boy, 
Unfastened all doors, and then there was 


For dear Miss Kingsbury and Mrs. Wil- 
son, too, 

Were very much troubled as to what they 
would do ; 

For to stay in their rooms until breakfast 
was o'er 

Was a punishment never received before. 



The "Midway" is a narrow street with- 
out sidewalks, situated on the western 
boundary of Chickamauga Park. It is also 
the main street of Lytle, a small town on 
the Chattanooga, Rome & Southern Rail- 

Before the mobilization of our soldiers 
Lytle boasted two or three houses, a post- 
office, with general store attached ; two liv- 
ery stables, and a smithy, all situated on the 
Midway. But as soon as the soldiers 
poured into Chickamauga Park its only 
store could not meet the demands made 
upon it by an army of 60,000 men. Enter- 
prising gentlemen from the North came to 
the rescue, turned worthless shanties into 
valuable properties, and put up improvised 
sheds for stores. The garden of a dwelling 
house was let to two enterprising novelty 
dealers, and the front portion of a livery 
stable was turned into a restaurant. Lytle 
was lost in its new dress. The quiet unob- 
trusiveness of its main street was broken by 
the wild turbulence of a motley crowd that 
thronged the Midway from early morn till 

A casual visitor to Chickamauga Park 
could not fail to notice, as he alighted from 
the train, a narrow street running parallel 
with the railroad, with scarcely room 
enough in its widest part for two buggies 
to pass each other. Glancing down for the 
first time it looked like a market place or a 
fair. The tents, the improvised shanties, 
the noisy hucksters, and the crowd, made 
up almost entirely of soldiers, suggested 
something novel and ephemeral. Mixing 
with the crowd, one might observe the col- 
ored man with a bucket and two glasses 
calling out in stentorian voice, "Lahmun- 
ade, toofer nekul," answered in turn by an- 
other huckster, "Drink as much's yer like 
fer a nikel ; cold as ice, sweet as honey." 
The man with souvenirs was there ; the toi- 
let soap man, the quack doctor, and the Jew 
peddler, each with forcible language and 
doubtful logic, competed for the soldiers' 
nickels. A few darkies, with banjos, a tea- 
pot, and a kerosene can, were very much 
in evidence with their music, jigs and 
breakdowns. There were also the cries of 
the freak showmen, "Step inside and see the 
petrified mummy." "Now's your time ; 
one dime will admit you to the anatomical 

Add the frequent applause from a the- 
ater, and some idea may be gathered of the 
sounds that pervaded the Midway. 

Many of the stalls that lined the sides 
of the street were restaurants, some with 
only one room, 8x6 feet, answering for re- 
ception room, dining room, and kitchen. 
One of these buildings was two-story, and 
bore on its upper story the doubtful adver- 
tisement, "Lodgings." From these places 
the soldiers were supplied with that mys- 
tery of all mysteries, a restaurant sausage 
warmed up and cooked to order. One 
enterprising gentleman had a clever parrot 
advertising his stall. Another had an ani- 
mal resembling a cat, monkey, rat and bird, 
and near it a show card on which were writ- 
ten the words, "What is it ?" 

Fruit stalls, Aunt Sally's, shooting gal- 
leries and saloons were also very prominent. 
The proprietors were "all honorable gentle- 


men." There were respectable dealers on 
the Midway, but these were overshadowed 
by the debased and disreputable. 

The Midway was responsible for many 
free fights and shooting affrays ; much gam- 
bling and drunkenness. Anybody might 
walk through it in broad daylight and see 
men gambling on machines for cigars or 
money. The saloons became such pest- 
houses for gambling and vice that the au- 
thorities closed them. The "moonshiners," 
too, were kept busy selling "wild cat" 
whisky. One man was arrested for this, 
and it afterwards transpired that he was in 
the habit of making two trips a day to 
Chattanooga, returning with a valise filled 
with whisky. This he deposited at a shanty 
on the Midway and sold it at 50 cents a 
pint, while it cost him perhaps fifteen cents. 

Viewed from a commercial standpoint, 
the Midway was a success ; from a moral 
point of view, it was a blight and a stain on 
everything clean and pure. When General 
Sanger was approached wth a view of start- 
ing a "Midway" for soldiers at Lexington 
camp, he gave a flat refusal. The experi- 
ence at Chickamauga Park was too dearly 



Some people can hunt well, but make a 
poor out at finding; some people can fish 
very well, but can't do any good at catch- 
ing; some people waste time and ammuni- 
tion, but come back with no game ; others 
are gone but a short time, and return 
loaded down with game. 

Some years ago, in a western field of 
golden grain, a cradler was laying low the 
bearded grain. He looked up the 
"through" and saw a panting young deer 
jumping along and coming toward him. 
The cradler was very warm beneath the 
scorching sun, and stepped behind a tree 
to get a fresh breath while the deer was 
coming. As the deer passed the man 
brought his cradle a "swipe" and cut the 
deer's legs off. The deer made a few leaps, 
jumped the fence, and fell dead in the snow. 

In the early settlement of 
old hunter went out for a 'Jeer hunt. L 
being very scarce, he had but two good 
lets. He went three miles and found a 
large deer standing by an oak tr« 
killed it with one bullet. But when he shot, 
a drove of seven wild turkeys flew up and 
lit in the same tree. Not wishing to spend 
his other bullet in killing but one turkey, 
he shot and split the limb on which they 
were sitting, and the feet of the seven tur- 
keys slipped through just as in a trap. He 
saw something running out of the bullet 
hole which had been made by the bullet 
which passed through the deer and then 
into the oak tree, and this proved to be 
excellent wild honey. He satiated his thirst 
for honey and skinned his deer ana hung 
him up. But he must get his turkeys 
down. So he started for home to get his 
wagon and an ax. But he had gone but a 
short distance when he became very thirsty 
after his mess of honey. He hunted and 
hunted for water, but found none except a 
few sups in a mule's track. He lay down 
and quaffed the water, and as he arose he 
bumped his head against the limb of a 
blackjack tree and it rained flitters for two 
hours. He ate all of the delicious "flit- 
ters" he wished and then went on toward 

Directly he came to a creek, and finding 
no foot-log, he ventured to wade. As it 
happened, he struck a shoal of fish. He 
had on old-fashioned flap-breeches — large 
and loose-fitting legs and buttoned around 
the ankles. These trousers served as -a 
good fish net, and he came out with a large 
draught of salmon trout, but as he stepped 
upon the bank, a button burst off and killed 
a rabbit thirty steps away. 

At last he reached home, harnessed up 
his team, and returned to his deer and 
turkeys. He cut down the tree and cap- 
tured his turkeys, and filled up seven cans 
of honey from the honey tree. He loaded 
his deer and other game, and started for 
home, when a heavy rain overtook him. 
His harness traces were made of rawhide. 
He drove on at a lively rate, but when he 



reached home he found that his wagon had 
remained where he started. He put up the 
horses and tied the traces around a tree in 
the barnyard. After a while the sun shone 
out very warm, and in two hours he looked 
out and saw his wagon coming home. The 
traces, after stretching, were now contract- 
ing to their normal length. This hunter 
was afterwards arrested for hunting in "Yel- 
lowstone National Park" and put in prison, 
and has been hunting for a place to get out 
ever since. 


On the coast by Santiago, watching with a 

soldier's heed, 
In the sultry heat of summer, gallant 

Shafter's on his steed. 
For the foe had climbed above him, with 

their banner, pressing on, 
And their cannon swept the country from 

the hills of old San Juan. 

Like a trumpet rang his orders: "Hawkins, 

Roosevelt, to the bridge ! 
Sampson, with your gallant seamen, storm 

the fort from o'er the ridge ! 
On the left, the ledges, Wheeler, charge, 

and hurl the Spaniards down ; 
Lawton, take the steeps Fermiza, and the 

slope before the town." 

Fearless, from their deep intrenchments 

looked the Spaniards where they lay 
On the gleaming U. S. army marshaled as 

for muster day, 
Till the sudden shout of battle thundered 

upward with alarms, 
And they dropped their idle glasses in a 

sudden rush to arms. 

Trfen together up the highlands surely, 

swiftly swept the lines, 
And the clang of war above them swelled 

with loud and louder signs. 
Till the fortified El Caney in the tempest 

seemed to throb, 
And the old Star Spangled Banner soared 

in smoke o'er every knob. 

From the boats upon the river, from the 

tents upon the shore, 
From the roofs of Santiago, anxious eyes 

the clouds explore ; 
But no rift amid the darkness shows the 

fathers, brothers, sons, 
Where they trace the viewless struggle by 

the echo of the guns. 

Upward! Charge for God and Freedom! 
Up! Aha! they rush, they rise, 

Till the faithful meet the faithless in the 
never-clouded skies, 

And the battlefield is bloody, where a dew- 
drop never falls, 

For a voice of tearless justice for a tearless 
vengeance calls. 

And the heaven is wild with shouting ; fiery 
shot and bayonet keen 

Gleam and glance where Freedom's angels 
battle in the blue serene ; 

Charge and volley fiercely follow, and the 
tumult in the air 

Tells of right in mortal grapple with op- 
pression's strong despair. 

They have conquered! God's own legions; 

well their foes might be dismayed, 
Standing in the mountain temple, 'gainst 

the terrors of his aid; 
And the clouds might fitly echo pean loud 

and parting gun, 
When from upper light and glory sank the 

Spanish host undone. 

They have conquered ! Through the region 
where our neighbors plucked the 

Rings the noise with which they won it 
with the sweetness of a psalm ; 

And our wounded sick and dying hear it in 
their crowded wards, 

And they whisper, "Heaven is with us! Lo, 
our battle is the Lord's !" 

And the famished Cuban captives locked in 
Morro Castle cells 

List those guns of cloudland booming, glad 
as Freedom's morning bells; 

Lift their haggard eyes, and panting with 
their cheeks against the bars, 

Feel God's breath of hope and see it play- 
ing with the stripes and stars. 

Spaniards still in serpent treason startle at 
those airy cheers, 

And that wild, ethereal war drum falls like 
doom upon their ears ; 

And that rush of cloud-borne armies, roll- 
ing back a nation's shame, 

Frights them with its sound of judgment 
and the flash of angry flame. 

Widows weeping by their firesides, loyal 
Cubans downcast grown, 

Smile to hear their country's freedom from 

the s:ate of heaven blown ; 
And the Cuban children wonder in their 

simple hearts to know 
Where the land of Uncle Sam is, whence 
sweet Freedom's boon shall flow. 
T. H. McConnell, 'oo. 





"A more interesting region, or one more entitled to our active sympathy, is not to 
be found within the limits of the United States. Forming a part of the noble State of 
Tennessee, it is in many respects a State in itself, and not a small one either. It consists 
of the broad valley of the magnificent river, which traverses it from northeast to south- 
west, three hundred miles in length, and with a varying width of from fifty to seventy- 
five miles— and of the slopes of the mountains, which separate it on the north from 
Kentucky, and on the southwest from Middle Tennessee, and on the southeast from 
North Carolina and Georgia: a beautiful valley, between beautiful enclosing hills, fertile 
many of them to their summits, sparkling with a hundred tributaries to the noble stream 
which forms its principle feature."-THE Hon. Edward Everett, in an address in 
Faneuil Hall, Boston, February, iS6j.. 



Jno. W. Ritchie 

U Allegro. 

I.i.ii.a 1'i.r.i:.!.. 

1. Where Chil- how - ee's loft - y mount-ains Pierce the South-era blue, 

i V J 

*V&2 — *---»- 

A .A J.. 

Proud - ly stands our Al - ma Ma - ter, 




No - ble, grand and true. 

I I 

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gar - net, 

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for - 


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ev - er, 

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Hail to thee, our Al - ma Ma - ter, 



Hail to Mar - y - ville ! 

2 As thy hilltop crowned with cedars, 
Ever green appears, 
So thy meru'ry fresh shall linger 
Thro' life's smiles and tears. — Cho. 

3 Lift the chorus, wake the echoes. 
Make the welkin ring ! 
Hail the queen of all the highlands ! 
Loud her praises sing! — Cho. 






Wales is a short peninsula, mountain- 
ous, stretching from the west of Britain to 
the Irish Sea. From north to south there 
is a range of mountains, inclining to the 
west, throwing out an arm towards the sea 
on one hand and toward the English plains 
on the other. We see at once that nature 
has separated Wales from the other sections 
of Britain, and that she has a history of her 
own, and so long as these mountains and 
plains remain there will be a marked dis- 
tinction between the Welsh of the moun- 
tains and the English of the plains. Though 
they can unite in many objects, yet on oth- 
er matters they will ever remain separate. 
The Welshman is a child of the mountains, 
romantic, imaginative, with a yearning for 
a better life. 

The Welsh coast is a great center for 
tourists, who flock there from all parts of 
the world. Christopher North, describing 
a Welsh scenery, said: "Neither the north 
of England, nor Scotland — no, nor Switzer- 
land — can exhibit anything so tranquil, ro- 
mantic, so snug and beautiful as a Welsh 

The principality of Wales is rich in min- 
erals, and contains some of the most im- 
portant coal and iron industries in the Uni- 
ted Kingdom. Copper, lead, slate, zinc, tin 
and gold are also to be found. 

The Cymry or Welsh is a branch 
of the Celtic race which belonged to 
the great Aryan family. The Celts, 
termed by the Greeks Galatae. by the 
Romans Galli or Celtae, came origin- 
ally from Asia, and, invading Eastern 
Europe, were driven westward, andj 
settled in Spain, North Italy, France 
and Belgium, where they were called Gauls, 
and the British Isles. When they invaded 
the latter they came in contact with the 
Iberians, who are described as being short, 
dark complected. The Celts were tall and 
stalwart, light hair, with blue eyes. 

The language of the Celt is the language 
of Wales to-day. When the Romans in- 
vaded England, and had conquered the na- 

tives, their first obja I 

duty on the conquered to Fo 

language and learn theirs. 

same policy adopted b) mb 

ers. But all proved futile in their endeavor 

to obliterate the language. 

A writer in the Independent some time 
ago said : "The Welsh have achieved, prob- 
ably, the most noteworthy feat of national 
preservation of any people in the world ; 
and the world at large has not by any means 
sufficiently recognized the extraordinary 
feat they have performed. It is a mystery 
how they preserved their language against 
that most aggressive and conquering lan- 
guage, English." 

There is an idea prevalent that the 
Welsh speak a kind of dialect like that in 
"Bonnie Brier Bush," which is a mistake, 
and is forcibly made clear by the writer just 
referred to, viz: "The great distinguishing 
difference between Wales and England is 
language. To know how very much alive 
the Welsh language is in Wales, one must 
leave the track of summer tourists and go 
into the country towns. In towns of four 
or five thousand inhabitants, where English 
tourists do not go, the English language 
is hardly any more heard than in Normandy 
or Lorraine ; and even the watering places 
and towns that teem with English-speaking 
tourists in the summer time, when winter 
comes, and when the tourists go, the Eng- 
lish language goes with them, and nothing 
is heard but Welsh." 

In Welsh every letter is pronounced. 
and the same letter has always the same 
sound, making allowance in the case of 
vowels for variation in quantity. 

The Welsh language has influenced 
English literature in the past, and is to 
have an important part in the near future. 
In proportion to our number, we can be 
justly proud of our literature, which is quite 
abreast of any other modern form of speech 
as regards the quantity of literature it con- 
tains. There are in Wales about twenty 
weekly newspapers, published entirely in 
Welsh, as well as fifteen or twenty monthly 
magazines, two bi-monthly and one quar- 



terly. It was stated in the Gaelic Journal 
of Dublin that two hundred thousand 
pounds, or nearly a million dollars, are an- 
nually spent for Welsh books in Wales and 
England, for there are fully half a million 
Welsh in England, making in all about a 
million and a half. 

T. O. Russell says: "The heroism the 
Welsh have shown in the preservation of 
their language, and the sacrifices they have 
made for it, are simply sublime." 

The space at our command will per- 
mit us to take but a cursory glance at the 
thrilling history of these people, whose 
struggle for liberty is unique. There are 
four periods which have had a lasting influ- 
ence on the Welsh mind. 

I. Welsh Bible.— In 1485 Henry VIII. 
became king, and his object was to unite 
England and Wales. To abolish the dif- 
ference between the English and Welsh he 
made it compulsory that the Welsh adopt 
the Protestant Reformation in its political 
aspect. And behind all this submission 
was a dissatisfied mass of people, ignorant, 
and without a leader. It was no longer a 
fighting nation, but a country dead and 
sinking into unbelief. The princes were 
gone, and the nation asleep. Some hoped 
that the Welsh could be enlightened at once 
by preaching the Gospel to them, and John 
Penry determined to do it, notwithstanding 
the persecution of Elizabeth and her arch- 
bishop — until he was condemned to die a 
martyr with Barrow and Brown at the 
stake. Others thought that the nation 
could be educated, and Bishop William 
Morgan translated the Bible into Welsh, 
and for the sake of keeping souls and the 
Welsh language alive, the Queen allowed 
the Welsh Bible to appear in 1588 to a na- 
tion that could not understand it. 

2. The Great War Period. — It was a per- 
iod of uniting before, but under the Stuarts 
it was one of separation. The Protestant 
Reformation brought with it a simpler reli- 
gion, if not narrower, and also a desire for 
national freedom. The civil war undid all 
the good work done by the previous dy- 
nasty. But it was a blessing to England. 

The Puritans took a stronger hold on the 
people, and the preachers, men who believed 
with their whole heart that the Puritan re- 
ligion was the true one, men believing in 
compelling men to save their souls. When 
monarchy was re-established under Charles 
II., Wales was left alone by the preacher's 
voice, and she fell back to a state of unbe- 

3. The Awakening. — Almost every 
country in Europe was asleep when the 
eighteenth century began, and ere its close 
they all had been aroused by a revolution. 
It happened in France, so in England, but 
in a milder form, and an awakening took 
place in Wales. With these results a liter- 
ary awakening, and Wales began to create 
a literature to herself. Hand in hand with 
this came a powerful religious revival, and 
Howel Harris, "with his thunder-like 
voice," awakened the conscience of Wales ; 
churches were built in great number as he 
traveled through the country, and eternal 
life was brought within sight of the Welsh- 
man. Along with the same awakening 
came a political one ; the voice of the revo- 
lution in France reached Wales, though it 
was harsh and unharmonious. At the 
same time discoveries of gold, slate, coal, 
iron and lead were made ; all these tended 
to make the people free of those in author- 
ity. The literary awakening strengthened 
the Welsh in their old language, a language 
that was a matter of soreness to the aristo- 
crats. Religion helped to widen the gap 
between the aristocrats and the people. 

Since the beginning of this century the 
Welsh people have made rapid progress, 
and now the mass of the people rule. 

4. National Evolution. — -This period 
brings us to our own day — the dawn of a 
golden era in Welsh history. "The histor- 
ian of the nineteenth century must write a 
long chapter on 'The Revolt of Principali- 
ties.' Modern Europe has been revolu- 
tionized by principalities. Conquered na- 
tions have wrested the scepter of true power 
from their conquerors. It has been a cen- 
tury of powerful monarchs. but of more 
powerful monarchies." The fourth quar- 


ter of the century has witnessed a remarka- 
ble revolution in the small Celtic principali- 
ty on the southwest coast of Britain. As 
late as 1870 wretchedly equipped schools 
were the only available institutions for the 
Welsh peasantry. The old endowed schools 
had been captured by the "noblesse" — col- 
leges and unversities there were none. The 
Scottish centers of learning were far away. 
Cambridge and Oxford, up to 1862, had 
barred against free churchmen. In 1870 
ardent patriots met and discussed the prob- 
lem of perfecting the educational system of 
Wales, and thus providing a powerful lever 
for the elevation of their country, and they 
dreamed the Utopian, some said Quixotic, 
dream of a college for Wales. But they 
were not mere dreamers. They were of 
the metal to convert dreams into realities. 
An Oxford professor said recently that 
Wales has one of the best educational sys- 
tems in the world, which is composed of 
well equipped day schools, intermediate 
and technical schools, with three national 
colleges constituting the Welsh University. 

We wish it understood that there were 
denominational colleges to prepare students 
for the ministry, established early in the 

The Welshman is characteristic for his 
religious fervor, love of music and poetry. 
The Welsh preacher has a place in the heart 
of his nation which no other man, however 
good or great, can hope to enjoy. His 
name is a household word throughout the 
land. The good points, pat illustrations, 
and tender appeals of his pulpit eloquence 
are prized and treasured and handed down 
as the most cherished traditions of the peo- 
ple. Is it strange, therefore, that the high- 
est ambition of a young Welshman is to be- 
come a preacher? 

The influence of tne.pulpit has been and 
is the great factor in molding the character 
of the people. The Presbyterians take the 
lead, and their influence is felt throughout 
the land. The Congregationalists and Bap- 
tists are very strong. The Church of Eng- 
land has very little influence in Wales — in 
fact, it's a burden on the people to have to 

sustain a Church which thi il in 

sympathy with. 

"There are probably no people so at- 
tached to music as the Welsh, and there are 
certainly no people who have, in proportion 
to their number, done so much for it. The 
Welsh Eisteddfod is beyond any doubt the 
most important annual musical reunion 
held in the British isles, or perhaps in the 
world. It is held every summer in some of 
the larger towns of Wales. People from 
all parts of the British isles attend it, as well 
as from the continent. Most of the sing- 
ing is in Welsh, but some is in English. 
The very best musical artists of Great Bri- 
tain may be heard at the Welsh Eisteddfod, 
and the crowd is enormous. The preserva- 
tion of their language, and the establishing 
of such a reunion as the Eisteddfod, stamp 
the Welsh as a people of uncommon pa- 
triotism, ability, and perseverance." 



In this day of hurry and bustle too few 
of us stop to question concerning our insti- 
tutions, whether they be but the growth of 
a day or have been developing through 
hundreds of years. Whence came they, 
and to what do they lead? Whose were 
the master minds that originated them? 

The spirit of freedom has always exist- 
ed. Among some peoples, indeed, it has 
been crushed out apparently by slavery and 
oppression ; but it will spring up in some 
other place and flourish. 

It is into mediaeval history that we must 
look in order to find the beginning of mod- 
ern republicanism. During the middle 
ages there sprung up free cities. These 
were to be the first step in a line of progress 
which was destined to bring about the 
events which make much of modern his- 

The free cities of Germany were democ- 
racies, all the burghers assembling to de- 
liberate upon municipal affairs. The spirit 
of freedom was just beginning to show it- 
self, a faint foreshadowing of its great 



The free cities of Italy, chief among 
which were Florence, Venice, and Genoa, 
were republics, and flourished from the 
eleventh to the sixteenth century. 

The difference between the free cities of 
Germany and those of Italy was perhaps 
due to the difference in their environment. 
In Germany the cities were obliged to de- 
fend themselves against the attacks of the 
nobles, who were hostile to them, while in 
Italy the nobles were friendly, and many of 
them even settled in the cities and became 
burghers. As will be seen from this fact, 
feudalism did not take so strong a hold in 
Italy as it did in Germany. While the Ital- 
ians had no neighboring enemies and were 
at liberty to carry on trade peacefully, the 
Germans were obliged to defend them- 
selves and to protect their commerce from 
the attacks of robber chieftains. Strangely 
enough, the government of the Italian cities 
tended to become oligarchical, while the 
Germans retained their freedom, though re- 
maining shut up in their towns. 

The towns of Southern France and 
Northern Spain followed the plan of the 
Italian cities, but were conquered by their 
Northern neighbors, the feudal barons. 

The Swiss towns formed an alliance 
with the nobles to resist a foreign tyrant, 
their common enemy. During the transi- 
tion from mediaeval to modern history, the 
cantons of Switzerland united themselves 
into the Swiss Confederation, with a repub- 
lican form of government. 

The undermining of the feudal system 
began with the crusades. The nations, as 
the power grew more centralized, became 
absolute monarchies. 

The first collision between freedom and 
absolute power came in England. On 
June 19, 1215, the great barons compelled 
King John to sign Magna Charta (or, the 
"Great Charter.") This is at the foundation 
of English liberty. The House of Com- 
mons was then formed, but did not exer- 
cise much influence on the government for 
several centuries. Though during this 
time England was practically an absolute 
monarchy, the idea of civil liberty was kept 

alive in the hearts of the people. For cen- 
turies there was neither civil nor religious 
liberty, civil power being in the hands of 
the kings, while the Church was controlled 
by the priesthood. The corruption and 
tyranny became so great that several men 
of more than usual courage began to preach 
against it. Among these was Luther. In 
1 5 17 he left the Church of Rome and de- 
voted himself to preaching the Reforma- 
tion. From this time to the treaty of West- 
phalia, in 1648, the strife for freedom was 
carried on. 

Persecution in Holland led to the rise 
of the Dutch Republic. During the time 
of this republic Holland became the "fore- 
most maritime country of the world." 

England first cast off the authority of 
Rome for political reasons. Later, how- 
ever, there was a struggle for both civil 
and religious liberty, the Puritan and Pres- 
byterian commoners on the one hand, and 
the Episcopalian king and nobles on the 
other. The dissenting party triumphed un- 
der Cromwell. 

Before the time of Cromwell, a republic 
had been looked upon as an inferior kind 
of government, not admitting a nation to 
equality with a monarchy. Cromwell, aside 
from doing much for England in other 
ways, made it politic for other nations to 
recognize England as a republic on the 
same footing with the monarchies of Eu- 

After the Restoration the struggle be- 
gan again, and some of the Puritans took 
refuge in Holland. Later, large companies 
came to America in order to have "freedom 
to worship God" according to the dictates 
of their own consciences. 

In Rhode Island was made the first en- 
actment that no man should be disturbed or 
called in question on account of his relig- 
ious belief. Thus America became a refuge 
for those who sought freedom. Many 
Huguenots, driven from France by the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes, made 
for themselves homes in America. 

From the first, civil and religious liberty 
has had far less opposition in America than 


elsewhere ; though oppression from abroad 
was not wanting. How the colonists were 
wronged, how they fought for their free- 
dom, and won it, we all know. 

Shortly afterward affairs came to a head 
in France. There was a heavy national 
debt, the nobles and clergy owned two- 
thirds of the land and paid no taxes, and 
the peasants who paid the taxes had no 
voice in the government. In 1789 the 
States-General was called for the first time 
in 175 years. During this assembly the 
French Revolution began. 

When at last the "Reign of Terror" was 
over a republic was organized. This was 
overthrown for a time, but afterward re- 
organized ; and is now the government of 

Of the principal nations in size and 
power, the United States and France are 
republics; England, Germany, Austria and 
Italy are constitutional monarchies, while 
Russia alone of all the notable powers re- 
mains an absolute monarchv. 


The letter which is published below 
brings vividly to mind the fact that Mary- 
ville College was the Southern and Western 
Theological Seminary. The following 
statements are taken from Dr. Alexander's 
"History of the Synod of Tennessee": 

"Dr. Isaac Anderson, in 1819, visited 
Princeton Seminary and pleaded, without 
success, for some of the students to come 
and preach the Gospel in East Tennessee. 
He returned to Maryville with the convic- 
tion that ministers must be provided at 
home, and gathered a class of five pious 
young men and began to instruct them in 
theology. The Synod of Tennessee in 
1819 established the Seminary, with Dr. 
Anderson as President. During the early 
years of the Seminary the students aided 
themselves by working on the Seminary 
farm, and thus the cost of boarding was re- 
duced to $20 a year in money. In 1844 Dr. 
Anderson said: 'Amid poverty, self-denial 
and overwhelming exertions, the Seminary 

has sent out nearly too . 

field, who have gatl 

hundreds into the fold of the Good 


In 1842 the name of Southern and 
ern Theological Seminary was changed to 
Maryville College for two reasons: 

First, other theological seminaries with 
better equipments were now attracting the 
students; and, secondly, the Seminary at 
Maryville became less able to sustain its 
students in the following way: The cheap 
method of boarding on the farm, connect- 
ed with manual labor, had been broken up 
by the Presbyterian Education Society's 
aiding this class of students for a few years 
from 1 83 1, so that manual labor on their 
part was no longer needed. But in 1839 
that society withdrew all such aid, on the 
ground "that the institution was not 
equipped for its complex work of educa- 
tion." Thus both the labor system and the 
foreign aid failed, and the professors were 
compelled to send away candidates whom 
they could not assist. 

Southern and Western ) 

Theological Seminary. 
Maryville, Tenn., July 8, 1S39. 1 
Mr. Joseph Hart: 

Kind Sir. — Having seen a letter, a few 
days since, which you had written to your 
people, and in which you had expressed 
some wish, or at least strongly intimated a 
desire, to be with your brother at the Semi- 
narv, I have seated myself to direct you a 
few lines on this subject, and to encourage 
you to cherish such wishes and to let such 
views and feelings have their full weight 
on your mind. Even should you have no 
intention of entering the ministry, still, a 
few vears' schooling would make you of 
more value to the world as a citizen, ele- 
vate your character to a greater superiority 
in your own line of business, and afford you 
a balm of consolation which may last you 
for life. But so far as I heed the wish of 
your friends, I can inform you that it 
would be very congenial to the feelings of 
all. that you expand the benevolent feel- 



ings of your soul and embrace the world — 
prepare for the ministry, and devote your- 
self to a bettering of the condition of a fallen 
and apostate race of men. The facilities of 
education are perhaps well known to you, 
nor need I say that you may, perchance, 
almost, if not entirely, sustain yourself by 
occasional jobs of work at your trade in 
vacations, and consequently lose no time 
from school through a whole course of edu- 

Think of this matter ; look at the claims 
and calls of the world for a well-preached 
Gospel, and then look what a small number 
of the pious young men in our country 
who appear willing to deny themselves of 
the honors and the pleasures of this world 
for the Gospel. How few, indeed, are will- 
ing to say with Paul, "I am not ashamed 
of the Gospel of Christ." Look, too, at the 
good you may do for the world, even 
within a few years' time, if well prepared 
for the work. And this is a powerful rea- 
son why no young man should shrink from 
the task when he looks at the many years 
to be taken up in making preparation. The 
better we are prepared, the more good we 
can do in less time. Think of it, think 
prayerfully, think quick, decide reasonably. 
The work is great; thousands are dying; 
and that, too without the means of grace. 
I am your sincere friend, etc. 

John B. Save. 


We appreciate highly the words of com- 
mendation our Monthly has received from 
the Portfolio and the Macalester Monthly, 
and especially the compliment paid to our 
professor of the natural sciences, George S. 

The Southern University Monthly pub- 
lishes a prize essay on "Gladstone." 

The Cornell University Magazine is one 
of the best college periodicals in the coun- 

The Industrialist contains an excellent 
article on "The Higher Education and the 

We are glad to see again the Oberlin 
Review, and its literary number is attrac- 

The Tennessee University Magazine has 
a realistic story of a foot ball game won by 
the "scrub quarterback." 

The Berea Reporter has printed upon its 
first page the college motto: "God hath 
made of one blood all nations of men." 

The Geneva Cabinet contains a very 
creditable oration, written by one of the '99 
class, and the prize winner in a college con- 

The girls of the Erasmus Hall High 
School, of Brooklyn, have organized a bas- 
ket ball team. In this respect they are 
ahead of many of our colleges. 

An article in the December Columbia 
University Quarterly calls attention to the 
fact that the number of students in the 
technical colleges in this country is at pres- 
ent on the decrease. 

We take the following from the Centre 

College Cento: Miss J .—"Mr. Litt, 

what does 'Kismet' mean?" Litt. — "Er — 
something good — to eat, I believe; but I 
prefer it without the tea." 

An excellent article in the Dickinsonian 
on the "Contrast Between the Liberal and 
Narrow Construction Parties" is somewhat 
impaired by the closing sentences, which 
are too partisan, i. e., "That the Republican 
party is becoming more and more the in- 
strument of dangerous economic and polit- 
ical forces is evident from the tone of its 
official utterances, as well as from the char- 
acter of its support." 

The Electrical number of the Purdue 
Exponent attempts to give an idea to those 
outside of the University of what is being 
done at Purdue in electrical engineering. 
It is a handsomely illustrated magazine of 
fifty pages, with valuable articles. That the 
electric railway is pre-eminently an Amer- 
ican product is shown by the fact that the 
United States has ten times as much mile- 
age as the countries of Europe combined. 



1895 — Brick-making by the students. 
1896 — Foundations laid. 
1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

The cash receipts from July 30, 1897, to 
November 26, 1898, are as follows: 

195 Y. P. S. C. E., Tompkins Ave- 

nue Congregational Church, 

Brooklyn; $ 10.00 

196 C. C. Sinclair, Philadelphia. . . io.oo 

197 Rev. J. N. McGinley 10.00 

198 Mrs. James A. Anderson. . . . 5.00 

199 Miss Nannie Anderson 5.00 

200 Jim Anderson Co., Knoxville. 25.00 

201 Mrs. N. F. McCormick, Chi- 

cago 1000.00 

202 Sarah B. Hills 10.00 

203 Rev. John B. Creswell 5.00 

204 Rosa M. Lyle 1.00 

205 Clemmie Ford 1 .00 

206 H. S. Lyle 1.00 

207 William Dietz 1 .00 

208 Will Keeble 1 .00 

209 Augusta Muecke 1.00 

210 James Henry 2.50 

211 Dr. Huddleston 5.00 

212 Greene Avenue Presbyterian 

Sunday-school, Brooklyn .. 5.00 

213 Reuben Powel 1.00 

214 Robert Elmore 1.00 

215 W. E. Church 1500 

216 H. M. Clark 1.00 

217 H. C. Rimmer 1.00 

Cash received to Dec. 1, 1898 . . . $6,176.80 
Subscriptions due and coming due, $4 
Yet needed to complete aud furnish, 3,000 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer, Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit the remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

218 Mrs. E. E. Alexander 10.00 

219 Emma A. Alexander 3.00 

220 Theron A. Alexander 1.00 

221 Princeton Pres. S. S., Phila- 

delphia 25.00 

222 Samuel Sloan, Jr 5.00 

223 Monroe Chapel 5-°° 

224 J. M. Alexander 10.00 

225 C. L. Roberts. Basking Ridge 25.00 

226 S. C. Childs, Basking Ridge. 25.00 

227 Wm. S. Post, Basking Ridge. 10.00 

228 F. D. McKinley 1.00 

229 Mrs. Huddleston 1.00 

230 James A Davis 1.00 

231 Miss Mattie Rankin 400 

232 Mrs. Jas. R. Burchfield 3.00 

233 Miss Leila M. Perine 5.00 

234 Walter Thornton 1 .00 

235 F. R. Babcock 1.00 

236 Rev. W. R. Dawson 10.00 

237 Mrs. A. A. Wilson 5.00 

238 C. W. Henry 4-OQ 

239 M. Morrison 2.00 

240 R. A. Tedford 1000 

241 Miss Mary Lord 5.00 


389 Rev. W. H. Lyle. D.D 10.00 

390 A. Arthur Griffes 6.00 

7 6 


Maryville College Monthly. 

Vol. I. 


No. 4. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 


Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 

Bainosias. Theta Epsilon. 

CHARLES X. MACtILL. I r ttct xt?c:<5 Manarrrs 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
mouth, except July and August. Contributions aud 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, Z5 ce?its a year; Single Cojries, 5 

Address all communications to the 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Entered at Maryville, Te n., as Secoud-Class Mail Matter. 


Rev. Frank Marston, '94, is preaching at 
Thomas, Ala. 

Fred. S. Campbell, '98, is at Auburn 

Pliny B. Ferris, '98, is studying theol- 
ogy at McCormick Seminary. 

Charles Marston, '93, is finishing his 
theological training at Lane Seminary. 

Our former Mexican student, Tobias 
Magana, is studying medicine at St. Louis, 

Our first term closes Friday, December 
23, 1898, and the second term begins 
Tuesday, January 3, 1899. 

Frank Engel, one of Maryville's old 
students, is a member of the Junior class 
at Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Daunt Newman, '96, is teaching at the 
"Farm School," eight miles from Asheville, 
N. O, on the Swannanoa. 

The Gymnasium is much enjoyed by the 
young ladies of the College, and some of 
them are becoming quite proficient in vari- 
ous athletic feats. 

The customary Thanksgiving social 
was largely attended, and many former 
students and graduates were present. 

E. Bruce Smith, '98, has a good position 
in the Quartermaster General's office at 
Washington, D. C. His address is 200 A 
Street, S. E. 

A. Arthur Griffes, '97, is in his second 
Year at Lane Theological Seminary, and 
preaches every week at a church where he 
labored during the summer. 

Professor George S. Fisher was sum- 
moned to Ohio last month to attend the 
funeral of his mother. He has the sym- 
pathv and condolences of the entire Col- 

Robert Jones, '93, will graduate this 
vear from the Theological Seminary at San 
Anselmo, Cal. He is a member of the vol- 
unteer band, and expects to labor in South 

This issue of The Monthly is double 
the usual size, and is made possible by the 
extra advertisements obtained by our ener- 
getic business managers. Trade with our 

The Music Department of the College 
is sustaining its old reputation under the 
charge of Miss Leila Perine, who is a 
graduate of the Syracuse (N. Y.) Conser- 
vatory of Music. 

Rev. J. J. Robinette, pastor of the 
Methodist Church, conducted one of the 
Tuesday evening prayer services last month 
and gave the students some valuable sug- 
gestions on the subject of "Opportunities." 

On Sunday, November 27, Professor 
Herman A. Goff assisted Prof. John G. 
Newman in the sacramental service at 
Shannondale Church, and Professor Elmer 
B. Waller preached for Rev. J. N. McGin- 
ley. '91, at Newmarket. 


The hospital rooms, which have lately 
been prepared on the third floor of the 
Baldwin Hall Annex, have been used dur- 
ing the illness of Miss Helen Post, of Flor- 
ida, who is now rapidly convalescing. 

Mr. K. A. Nassour, a native Syrian, en- 
tered College last month. He has lived in 
Troy, N. Y., for two years, and comes to. 
Maryville through the influence of Mr. 
Najeeb Arbeely, '84, United States Com- 
missioner of Immigration at New York 

A pleasant entertainment was given in 
the chapel November 21, under the au- 
spices of the Y. W. C. A. Those who took 
part were: Misses Kennedy and Muecke, 
Miss Stella Eakin, Miss Lou Johnson, Miss 
Nancy Gardner, Mrs. Nita E. West, and 
Professor Tohn G. Newman. 

A large and enthusiastic Glee Club has 
been formed, and Prof. John G. Newman 
has been unanimously chosen leader and 
manager. The club is practicing regularly, 
and it is expected that in the spring several 
entertainments will be given, and per- 
haps a short trip will be taken to adjacent 

The Theta Epsilon Literary Society has 
had a very pleasant and profitable term. 
Miscellaneous programs, evenings with au- 
thors, and parliamentary drills have been 
interesting and instructive. A number of 
new members have been added to its roll, 
and all are working hard for the mid-win- 
ter entertainment. 

of twelve voices, a dui I 

stall and l-'linn, and a 

Lou Johnson, Ora Rankin, Di 

Maud Yates. 

The College prayer-meeting of Novem- 
ber 8 was conducted by the Y. W. C. A., 
with Miss Ethel Minnis as leader. The 
subject was, "A Christian Reformer — 
Frances E. Willard." A crayon portrait 
of Miss Willard was hung above the plat- 
form, and different phases of her life were 
presented by Misses Lou Johnson and 
Emma Alexander. The musical service 
was enriched by the Y. W. C. A. chorus 

A dozen students are working on t 
grounds, and are being paid from the Stu- 
dents' Fund, which is contributed for this 

Mrs. Melissa P. Dodge, of New York, 
has given $100 this year to this Fund, and 
it is hoped that others will contribute* be- 
fore the year is over to this needed students' 
self-help fund. 

At a late meeting of the Athenian So- 
ciety the following resolution was adopted: 
"Resolved, That the Athenian Society of 
Maryville College extends its congratula- 
tions to Moses H. Gamble on his election 
to the Legislature of Tennessee, and trusts 
that the same success which marked his 
career as an Athenian may follow him in 
the wider sphere to which he has been 

A number of our former students, who 
belong to the Fourth Tennessee U. S. V.. 
came over from their camp at Knoxville 
last month to bid friends good-by before 
going to Cuba for garrison duty. The reg- 
iment will be probably stationed in Santa 
Clara Province, and we hope, that as our 
old companions read this issue in their new 
camp, that some one of them will write 
the Monthly a letter describing their ex- 

The advantages of Winona Assembly 
were presented to the students at chapel 
one morning last month by Dr. William 
P. Kane, of Chicago. Winona combines 
the characteristics of Northfield and Chau- 
tauqua. Among other attractions is the 
Summer School, conducted by professors 
from colleges of the South and West. As 
a result of Dr. Kane's visit. Professor Sam- 
uel T. Wilson will represent the College at 
the Summer School next year, and will 
take charge of the Spanish Department. 



Efforts are also being made to secure for 
Winona the famous Maryville College 
Quartette, composed of Rev. Herman A. 
Goff, '85; Rev. John B. Cresswell, '87; 
Rev. John S. Eakin, '87, and Rev. John G. 
Newman, '88. 

Miss Rada B. Mathes, '91, is a mis- 
sionary teacher at Cubero, New Mexico. 
In a recent letter she says: "I see from a 
late issue of one of our Church papers that 
Maryville College has opened with bright 
prospects. This is good news, although I 
do not expect to hear anything else from 
dear old Maryville. Although my thoughts 
and time are taken up with my work among 
these 'little ones' of God's creatures, yet not 
so much so but that my mind often wan- 
ders back to the scenes of my childhood 
and the College." 

The Executive Committee of the Board 
of Trustees is composed of five members, 
Maj. Ben. Cunningham and Maj. Will. A. 
McTeer, of Maryville; Col. John B. Min- 
nis and Dr. E. A. Elmore, of Knoxville, 
and A. R. McBath, of Flenniken. This 
important committee meets every month, 
either at Maryville or Knoxville, and at- 
tends to a large number of College de- 
tails, including the investments of moneys, 
auditing of bills, and making appropria- 
tions for necessary improvements. The 
College is fortunate in having such an effi- 
cient committee willing to give so much 
of its time for College affairs. 

The Executive Committee has engaged 
Mr. Adams to superintend the beautifying 
of the campus. Under his directions broad 
walks of brick or finely crushed stones have 
been already laid from the new Fayerweath- 
er Hall to the other buildings. The plots 
which are bounded by the walks and build- 
ings, or by the walks and driveways, are 
being sodded. The original plan has been 
followed in having a broad circular walk 
around the annex of Anderson Hall. This 
walk sets off the old building and new an- 
nex to better advantage. The effect upon 

the visitor, as he follows this walk from the 
front of Anderson Hall, is very pleasing, 
for, when he reaches the rear of the annex 
he sees almost in front of him the beautiful 
new Science Hall, with its frontage of 106 
feet, while at the right hand is the stately 
Bartlett Hall, a constant reminder of the 
pluck and energy of its originator, Kin 
Takahashi, and on the left hand is the older 
Library Building, a memorial to Profes- 
sor Lamar, who resuscitated the College at 
the close of the war. A plan is now being 
considered of closing the two side entrances 
to the campus, and making one large en- 
trance directly in front of Anderson Hall. 

The Alpha Sigma Society has elected the 
following officers: President, Samuel D. 
McMurry ; vice president, Will. C. Henry ; 
recording secretary, Will. B. Smith; cen- 
sors, Hubert C. Lyle, Charles N. Magill 
and Howard Parker. On December 2 the 
program given was: 

Essay Will. B. Smith 

Music A. S. Double Quartette 

Declamation Samuel D. McMurry 

Music Quartette 

Debate — Resolved, That the contem- 
plated territorial expansion of our 

nation is wise 

Affirmative, I. W. Jones; negative, 
H. S. Lyle. 

Music Quartette 

Oration H. C. Rimmer 

A. S. Advance T. W. Belk 

Professor W. to Sabin. — "Give us the 
47th proposition." 

Sabin (pointing to the blackboard). — 
"Let the figure W. A. L. L. E. R. be a poly- 
gon with no two sides equal." 

Quality not quantity counts in the world's 
problems. Even on the battle-field quantity 
counts little without quality. 

Faith is the foundation of all things good, 
both in this world and the next. 



An Indiana youth quite gay 
Persists his white clucks to display ; 
And thus arrayed, in moonlight still, 
Goes wending his way to "Quality Hill." 

In speech the young man finds a hitch, 
As he goes sprawling in the ditch ; 
His clothes, besmeared, are a sorry sight, 
For in spots those pants were not so white. 

A tale of woe he did relate, 

When a maid did meet him at the gate ; 

His pain she did at once relieve, 

And soon they spend a pleasant eve. 

As they talk of rumor and war's alarms 
He couldn't resist the fair one's charms ; 
The youth, unaccustomed to love and art. 
Fell an easy victim to Cupid's dart. 

The "Aunty" announced it 10 o'clock. 
Which to the pair seemed quite a shock, 
And grief completely fills each heart 
At thoughts that they so soon must part. 

So he, to crown his evenin 
Slips up from behind and 
The "Aunty," enraged, comes on 
And hurls him headlong through the 

The youth, still dazed and some abashed, 
With all his speed he homeward dashed ; 
His heart did leap and beat and thrill 
With his experience on "Quality Hill." 

As by the church he went his way, 
Some boys did there his steps waylay ; 
And though he passed as sly as a fox, 
Yet soon the air was filled with rocks. 

He plies his feet with speed intense, 

Those pants showing up like a white- 
washed fence ; 

From his piercing shrieks they think him 

But he drags his fingers to keep from fly- 

Now does the youth reflect with terror 
On that fateful night, so fraught with error, 
When he did swallow that bitter pill, 
The effects of courting on "Quality Hill." 

Important to Students — 


Students should remember that we are their friends, and that we are 
entirely in sympathy with them and the College, and that we appreciate 
any trading they do with us. We always try to favor students 
when possible. 

We have now the best $5.00, $7.50 and $10.00 Suits of Clothes in 

Our Shoes at $1.50, $2.00, $2.50 and $3.00 are excelled by none. 

Our Stationery Department is as complete as you will find. 

Come in and see us, and we will treat you fair. 
Your friends, 


/Ireade JHot^l, ^ 



Only First-class $1 an $1.50 a 
Day Hotel in the City. . . . 

Siiiiilf Meals. 25 Cents. 

524 and 526 Gay Street, KNOXVILLE, TENN. 








Plumbing, Gas and Steam Fitting and 
Brass Supplies, 

No. 714= GA.Y SlREET 



Dental Surgeon 

Office over- G. B. Ross' Store. 

All kinds of Dental Work done. 

I am prepared to make Gold or Aluminum Crowns at 
reasonable rates. Special attention given to this branch 
of the profession. Teeth extracted with comparative 
ease by the use of local anaesthetics and without dan- 
ger to the patient. The greatest care exercised in all 
operations Gratefully remembering you for past fa- 
vors and bespeaking a liberal share of your patronage 
in the future, I am, yours respectfully, 



Sam Houston Inn. 

Special Rates to Students 
and their Parents. 


•Phone 73. MARYV1LLE, TEIMN. 

0x1x1 nxuTJi xixixixi xixlttxixixixlti jixuTnxixLnxtxixtnxLp 
d Designated State Depository. 

Dr. J. W. Gates, 

T. F. Coopek, 

Dr. T. F. Donaldson, 

Jno. M. Clark, 

Ass't Cashier. 



Does a General 
Banking; Business, 

Deals in and sells Exchange on all the prin- 
cipal cities. Solicits accounts of individuals, 
firms and corporations on the most favorable 
terms. Liberal treatment assured all cus- 

Safety Deposit Boxes 
Fire-proof ~Vai_il .— 


for- I^ei 

Interest Paid on Time Deposits, no matter How 















\ ] [E have prepared for the Hol- 
^^ iday Trade some remarkably 
good bargains in Children's Suits, 
Men's Pants Suits and Overcoats, 
Gloves, Neckware, Handker- 
chiefs, Collars, Cuffs, Night 
Robes, Pajamas, Fancy Shirts, 
Smoking Jackets, Dressing Gowns 
and Walking Canes. 

A number of high grade Silk 
Umbrellas will go at greatly re- 
duced prices. 

Every indication suggests a 
busy Holidav Season. Those 
who come before the final rush 
will be best served. 

Brandau, Kennedy & Casteel, 




Next Door to Houston Inn, 




Headquarters for- Bananas, 

J. R. PEDEN & CO., 

(SUzlioiic fflictcazapficzo. 

The Best Work in the City for the Money. 

Outdoor work a Specialty. Best satisfaction war- 
ranted. Will be pleased to have your trade. Special 
discount to the College Students. Best stock of 
Christmas Goods. See us. 



in. Street. 

Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

JANUARY, 1899. 

Number 5. 



[A paper read before tl e Alumni Association of 
Maryville College by Dr. W. H. Lyie, '91.] 

In some things college days before the 
war were much like college days now. 
Many of the studies then were the same as 
now. Greek and Latin and the sciences 
and mathematics were in the course of study 
then, but not quite as extensive as now. 
The preparatory department was not full 
then as now. Most of the students who 
then entered college, entered prepared to 
begin Latin. But let us look at the teach- 
ing- force then. In April, 1856, when I first 
came to Maryville, Dr. Anderson, the foun- 
der of Maryville College, and its first presi- 
dent, was laid aside from active work in the 

College and the pulpit. After that time he 
never entered the College. I have no rec- 
ollection of ever having seen him at public 
worship but one time, and that was in the 
old court-house. Rev. Fielding Pope 
preached, and Dr. Anderson sat in his chair 
and offered prayer. 

Rev. John S. Craig was the only profes 
sor then. He taught Latin and Greek and 
mathematics and the sciences, and made the 
best that he could out of the matter. He 
was assisted, however, more or less, by 
some of the more advanced students. It is 
evident that the labor of teaching was 
heavy upon him. After that year, perhaps 
in 1857, Professor Lamar came in. And 
after the death of Dr. Anderson, Rev. J. J. 


Robinson, D.D., was made president. These 
three men for the last few years prior 
to the war constituted the teaching force in 
the College. How well they were support- 
ed I do not certainly know, but their sal- 
aries must have been very small, as the Col- 
lege then had but little endowment, and the 
number of students being comparatively 
limited, the resources from tuition must 
have been small. Rev. Dr. Robinson was 
a refined, cultured and scholarly man. Rev. 
Mr. Craig was scholarly, broad-minded and 
a man of deep thought, but not cultured 
and refined as was the president. He was 
somewhat rough in manner, and not very 
tasty in dress. President Robinson was a 
good teacher, and commanded the respect 
of the students most generally. However, 
he may have held himself at too great a 
distance from the students, except in a very 
few cases. He was an able preacher, and 
nearly always used the manuscript in the 
pulpit, and was never at his best without 
it. Mr. Craig was a profound preacher, 
and never used a manuscript, and when 
thoroughly aroused was a man of great 
power in the pulpit. President Robinson 
believed in slavery, and no doubt regarded 
it as a divine institution. Mr. Craig, on the 
other hand, was a bitter opponent of slav- 
ery. And when the war came, Mr. Robin- 
son was an intense secessionist and Mr. 
Craig was an intense opponent of secession. 
Mr. Robinson was a Whig and Mr. Craig a 
Douglas Democrat, and induced me to cast 
my first Presidential vote for Stephen A. 
Douglas, of Illinois. So much in regard to 
these two men. 

Of Professor Lamar you all know as 
much as I do, and therefore it would be 
superfluous for me to say anything. 

Of the students in the College before the 
war something may be said. A very con- 
siderable proportion of the students then 
came from the extreme Southern States. 
Some from Florida, some from Alabama, 
some from Georgia, and some from Missis- 
sippi. I remember that occasionally there 
was a student from Kentucky. But the 

greater body of them were from Tennessee. 
This county, Blount, always had students 
here. Knox most always had students 
here. Mr. Craig, of whom I have made 
mention, if I mistake not, was a Knox 
County boy. And then, in my day- there- 
were John Harris and Thomas Crawford, 
and others from Knox County. The three 
Alexanders who were here when I was here, 
James H. and John, and that other one, 
whatever his name was, were from Polk 
County. And sometimes there was a stu- 
dent here from Hamilton County. 

Jefferson County, before the war, sent a 
number of students. Professor Lamar 
came from Jefferson. And there were a 
number of Caldwells from that county — 
George A., John M., Alexander, William. 
Edward, Isaac, Oliver. And then there 
were some Newmans — Alexander, Jona- 
than, Charles and Thomas. And then 
there were McCampbells — John and Cor- 
nelius, sons of the old Dr. John McCamp- 
bell. And there were Hoods here — Porter 
and Isaac, sons of Rev. Nathaniel Hood. 
BradshaWs — Stephen R. and Enoch N. ; 
Meeks — James M. and D. H.; Mathes — 
George A. 

There were some few students from Sul- 
livan County. The Rheas, big Bob and lit 
tie Bob, as they were then termed, were 
from this county. Occasionally a student 
would come from Virginia. George Paint- 
er, the son of a Presbyterian minister, was 
from Virginia, and may be his father was 
educated here. And Handy, the son of an- 
other Presbyterian minister, was here a 
member of the last graduating class before 
the war. Occasionally we would have a 
student from North Carolina. Alfred M. 
Pendland came from that State, and so did' 
Annias Young. 

So much for the locality whence the stu 
dents then came. 

Notwithstanding this is a Presbyterian 
College, still we then had students repre 
senting different religious denominations 
And we had a goodly number that did no* 
belong to any denomination. We were net 


all saints then. We had Methodists and 
Baptists and Presbyterians. We would 
sometimes have some lively discussions of 
theological questions in rather a private 
way. I remember that a few of us Presby- 
terian students had a lively discussion with 
a Methodist student from Kentucky on the 
question whether regeneration preceded re- 
pentance, or repentance regeneration. 

We grew warm and enthusiastic over the 
matter, and I suppose settled the matter, 
for I have never seen very much about the 
question in the papers since. 

We did not have co-education before the 
war. Then it would have been thought out 
of the question to admit young ladies to 
college along with young gentlemen, in 
this part of the country at least. And, in- 
deed, a great many people then thought 
that a woman did not need much educa- 
tion. And, moreover, no doubt a great 
many people then thought that a woman 
was incapacitated to receive a high degree 
of education, 

But by some means or other, somebody, 
indeed the people generally, have found out 
that boys and girls in a few instances, yea, 
moreover, in quite a number of instances, 
have been born and reared in the same fami- 
lies, and so it has come to pass in this age 
of the world that boys and girls are being 
educated together in the same colleges. 

But notwithstanding the students in the 
College here in ante-bellum days lost much 
by not having the refining and elevating in- 
fluence of young ladies, yet we can congrat- 
ulate ourselves on the fact that the present 
generation are having advantages that we 
did not. The world moves. 

I have already intimated that we had dif- 
ferent kinds of students then, as well as 
now. We had some good students then, 
and some not quite so good. We had some 
who prayed, and some who did not pray so 
much. We had some who drank some 
whisky, and some who did not. We had 
some who smoked and chewed tobacco, and 
others who did not. And those who used 
it were not to be so much blamed, for 

President Robinson and Mr. Craig both 
chewed. We had some diligent studi 
and some that were not so diligent. We 
had some who were good scholars, and oth- 
ers who were not. We had some who en- 
joyed playing pranks on others. And then 
we had others who did not engage in this 
kind of work. Hazing was practiced to 
some extent. Sometimes the pig was 
found in the student's room when he re- 
turned to it. Sometimes the bucket of 
water or the pan of water poured down 
upon the student's head as he entered his 
room, the door having been fixed a little 
ajar and the water having been placed on 
the top of the door. 

Sometimes the student would wake up 
and open his door of a morning, and it be- 
ing an outside door, he would find the wood 
so piled up that egress from the room would 
be impossible in that way. 

Once I remember that one morning ws 
went to prayers in the College chapel, and 
behold, a drove of geese had been put in 
the chapel the night previous. 

But it is to be hoped that the days of 
hazing and of playing such pranks as I have 
mentioned are fast passing away. 

There were poor students here before 
the war, as well as rich ones. Those who 
came from the extreme Southern States 
were generally the sons of the well-to-do 
in point of property. And many of the 
students who came here from East Tennes- 
see were of the poorer class. 

Here, as well as elsewhere, the rich and 
the poor met together. Some had a hard 
time to get along. Some kept bachelor's 
hall, and others boarded at the boarding- 
house, and others boarded at the hotel ; not 
many of this character, however, but they 
chiefly of the wealthy of the South. And 
some boarded in private families. And 
these sometimes in the country, and some- 
times in the town. I have known stu- 
dents who kept bachelor's hall to live for 
weeks on bread and molasses and water. 
This ought not to have been. But thev 
thought that it was the best that they could 



do. No students for the ministry drew 
anything then from a Board of- Education. 

There were College literary debating so- 
cieties then as now. They were Beth 
Hackma, and Beth Hackma Ve Berith. 
There was a wholesome rivalry between 
these. They had their annual joint public 
debate. They met once a week for literary 

Of the buildings that the College then 
had, I need not speak, as this matter has 
often been alluded to on former occasions. 

The -manner of teaching some of the 
sciences is greatly improved now, compare 1 
to what it was then. 

In teaching botany then the teacher never 
had specimens of plants and flowers before 
the class. He made no practical explan- 
ations of flowers and plants. And no prac- 
tical analyzing was done on the part of the 
class. What we dug out of the books we 
got, and what we did not thus get we never 

And as for an apparatus to make explan- 
ations in the matter of chemistry, we did 
not know what such a thing was. 

It was very pleasant to have the presi- 
dent and professors commend us for our 
good deeds, and not so pleasant to be criti- 
cised for our shortcomings. If we had a 
good composition or a good speech, and 
received praise for it we were very much 
encouraged. The criticisms were all right, 
but they did not feel so well. I remember 
that President Robinson criticised my de- 
claiming at one time in this way: He said 
that right at the last of my speech I let ail 
the juice run out of it. And now, as the 
juice is all out of this paper, I will quit. 

The December number of The Review of 
Missions, the official organ of the Board of 
Missions, M. E. Church, South, has a three- 
page article on Kin Takahashi and his work 
of building Bartlett Hall, at Maryville Col- 
lege. A good picture of the building is 
also given. 



"The Loyal Mountaineers" is a title of 
which the people of East Tennessee may 
justly be proud. During the Revolution- 
ary War, even though threatened by an In- 
dian raid, these people furnished an army 
which, prompted by pure hatred of oppres- 
sion and pure love of liberty, was destined 
to win a victory which helped in no small 
degree to win American independence. 

In the year 1780, Colonel Ferguson, who 
had been commissioned by General Corn- 
wallis to subdue the border counties of 
North and South Carolina, sent word to 
Isaac Shelby, one of the leading men in the 
counties beyond the mountains, that if he 
and the others did not "desist from their 
opposition to the British arms, he would 
march his army over the mountains, hang 
the leaders, and lay waste the country with 
fire and sword." 

Immediately upon hearing this threat, 
Shelby rode to the home of John Sevier, 
and with him made the daring plan of rais- 
ing the largest army possible, crossing the 
mountains and falling suddenly on Fergu- 
son to annihilate his force. 

On September 26, Sevier, Shelby, Wil- 
liams and Campbell set out with an army 
of about 1,000 men, leaving only 700 be- 
hind as a guard against 5,000 hostile In- 
dians'. In three days this army marched 
sixty miles, over almost impassable moun- 
tains, into the valley of the Catawba. Here 
they were reinforced by Colonel Cleveland 
with 400 men, a part of whom had been 
with General McDowell. 

Ferguson had been at Gilberttown, but 
upon the advance of the American army he 
evacuated this place, and announced that 
he was going to Ninety-six. He made this 
announcement merely to delude the Amer- 
icans, for he did not go to Ninety-six, but 
started in pursuit of General Clarke's army. 
which he hoped to destroy before Sevier 
and his armv should arrive. 



Sevier, thinking that Ferguson had gone 
to Ninety-six, went to Cowpers, where he 
learned that Ferguson had gone in the di- 
rection of King's Mountain. Leaving the 
remainder of his force to follow as soon as 
possible, Sevier, with 910 of the best- 
equipped men, set out in hot pursuit. For 
twenty-six hours, without rest and almost 
without food, Sevier and his followers rode 
in the pouring rain, until, at last, on the fol- 
lowing day, October 7, they found Fergu- 
son securely encamped upon King's Moun- 

Rain had been falling in torrents all thi 
morning, but at noon it ceased, the clouds 
were scattered, and the sun shone forth in 
all its glory, warming the limbs of the men, 
chilled and stiffened by the long, cold ride, 
and seeming to be an omen for good from 
"the invisible forces that battle for right." 

The mountain upon which Ferguson 
made his stand is not King's Mountain 
proper, but a narrow spur about one-third 
of a mile long, and 350 feet wide, extending 
from the main mountain. This ridge rises 
to an elevation of only sixty feet, but the 
sides are steep, and at the time of the battle 
were covered with a heavy growth of tim- 
ber, which furnished an excellent protec- 
tion for the American army. A high cliff 
of broken, jagged rocks, heaped upon each 
other, crowns the summit and adds greatly 
to the difficulty of the ascent. 

Within this natural fortification which, 
when strengthened by the baggage wagons, 
seemed almost impregnable, Ferguson 
thought himself secure, and blasphemously 
said that God Almighty himself could not 
drive him out of it. 

The British force consisted of 1,100 well- 
drilled men, of whom 150 were regulars, 
armed with muskets and bayonets ; the rest 
were Tories, who had, instead of bayonets, 
butcher knives securely fastened to their 

The American force, consisting of 910 
men, was divided equally among the four 
leaders of the expedition. The plan of bat- 
tle was to attack the mountain from four 

sides simultaneously, and thus to surround 
the enemy. 

The four columns, two on either side of 
the mountain, led respectively by Colonels 
Campbell and Sevier on the right, and 
Shelby and Cleveland on the left, advanced 
steadily till they came within one-third of a 
mile of the enemy, when they dismounted 
and tied their horses. Then, with a yell, 
they dashed up the mountain, making it 
fairly blaze with the discharge of their rifles 
The British force charged with their bayo- 
nets into the divisions of Shelby and Camp- 
bell, and the latter fell back only to re- 
load and advance again. Three times was 
this plan tried, and each time the result 
was the same. In the third charge the 
British, almost in desperation, attacked 
Campbell most furiously, and would have 
utterly routed his men, had not Sevier, who 
was not far away, rushed in, and succeeded 
in rallying the almost panic-stricken men. 

In the meantime the men under Cleve- 
land and Sevier, by a rapid and well-directed 
fire, had been able to make a stand upon the 
summit, and to force the enemy out of their 
strong position. 

Ferguson was killed in a desperate at- 
tempt to force his way through the lines, 
and DePeyster, the next in command, at- 
tempted to retreat, but, held in check on 
all sides, he was compelled to make an un- 
conditional surrender. 

The fight had lasted only an hour and five 
minutes, but during that short time 250 
British had been killed and 185 wounded 
The American loss was 28 killed and 60 

Gloomy night soon settled down upo-i 
the scene of strife. And what a night it 
was! Tarleton, with his dreaded legion, 
might come at any moment ; 700 prisoners 
and 1,500 stands of arms must be guarded; 
and the groans of the wounded, exposed to 
the cold and bitter winds, put away all 
thoughts of rest from the minds of the ex- 
hausted soldiers. 

At length the night came to an end, and 
the weary eves of the mountaineers beheld 



the glorious sun rise with a smile of en- 
couragement for them, as they began their 
long, hard journey homeward. 

Until recently the writers of history have 
treated this battle as though it were of 
minor importance. But now it is coming 
to be recognized as one of the turning 
points of the Revolutionary War. 

Cornwallis had subdued Georgia ; 
Charleston had surrender to the British : 
General Gates, the commander of the Amer- 
ican troops in the South, had been defeated 
and utterly 
routed tt Cam- 
den ; Colonel For- 
guson, with a 
strong detach- 
ment, had been 
sent to reduce 
the border coun- 
ties of North 
and South Caro- 
lina to subjec- 
tion to English 
power, and then 
to join Cornwal- 
lis on his march 
into Virginia; 
this was the state 
of affairs at the 
time of the bat- 

The news of 
the battle of 
King's Moun- 
tain came like a 
t o Cornwallis. 

Giving up his former plans, and placing his 
army on the defensive instead of the offen- 
sive, he began to fall back toward Charles- 
ton as quickly as possible, fearing lest a 
similar fate should come to him and to his 

To the Americans these glad tidings were 
the first ray of the coming day of hope that 
pierced the darkness of that night of de- 
spair which was brooding over the colo- 

The defeat of the British at King's Moun- 
tain was the first stroke that tolled the end 
of England's power in the Colonies. The 
shout of victory at King's Mountain was 
the first note of the mighty peal which pro- 
claimed America "the land of the free and 
the home of the brave." 

Alexander George Dilopoulo 

Maryville College has had a number of 
students from abroad during its history, 
including Japanese, Chinese, Mexicans, 
Armenians, Welsh, Scotch, English and 
Swedes, and 
this year is no- 
ticeable in this 
respect. Three 
of our students 
are from counties 
bordering upon 
the Mediterra- 
nean sea — Khali 
Nassour, from 
Tripoli ; E 1 i a s 
Mallouk, from 
Syria, and Alex- 
a n d e r George 
Dilopoulo, from 
Greece. Mr. Dil- 
opoulo was born 
at Athens, and 
for one so young 
has traveled ex- 
tensively. I n 
ompany with his 
parents he came 
to the United 
States during the 
summer of the 
World's Fair at Chicago. During the war be- 
tween Greece and Turkey, he and his brother 
returned to Greece and entered the army as 
volunteers. He was wounded in one of the 
engagements, and after his recovery he 
came to New York , where his relatives now 

The second term opened auspiciously 
Wednesday, January 4, with a large influx 
of new students. 




1895 — Brick-making by the students. 
1896 — Foundations laid. 
1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

Cash received to Jan. r, 18989 . . . $6,21 1 
Subscriptions due and coming due, $4,000 
Yet needed to complete aud furnish, 3,000 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer, Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit the remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

174 T. G. Sellew 10.00 

175 Herbert B. Stevens 10.00 

176 Lucy S. Scribner 1 00.03 

\JJ Ellen Collins 25.00 

178 Ambrose K. Ely 100.00 

179 Eva B. Browning 100.00 

180 S. S. 2d Pres. Ch. Chattanooga 20.00 

181 Grace Presbyterian Church... 10.00 

182 Rev. D. A. Heron 3.00 

183 Eva C. Rexford 2.00 

184 M. S. Percival 1.00 

185 J. A. Magill 10.00 

186 W. W. Shields io.oj 

187 Benj. W. Orr 10 

188 Herbert Ford 10.00 

189 George E. Sterey 20.00 

190 C. C. Cuyler 10.00 

191 Benjamin Cunningham 10.00 

192 Rev. Alex. N. Carson 50.00 

193 H. P. Campbell 10.00 

194 James A. Goddard 10.00 

Cash receipts for December, 189S — 

391 S. B. Parker $10.00 

392 Mrs. S. B. Parker 1.00 

393 S. O. Houston 1. 00 

394 Prof. Elmer B. Waller 25.00 

Cash receipts from May 31 to July 30, 
1897, were — 

150 Mrs. Jane Gilchrist $ 5.00 

151 Rev. J. H. McConnell 5.00 

152 Marianna C. Hallock 10.00 

153 Adelia C. Hallock 10.00 

154 A little girl 5 

155 Annis Duncan 2.50 

156 Catherine Trimble 1.00 

157 Collections 91.26 

158 Ed. Montgomery 5.00 

159 Collections 1.30 

160 Y. P. S. C. E. Holland Church. 15.00 

161 Dr. Samuel W. Boardman. . . . 25.00 

162 Rev. W. C. Clemens 5.00 

163 F. M. Gill 5.00 

164 S. D. McMurry 1.00 

165 N. C. Knight 2.50 

166 Bloomsburg Presbyterian Ch . i5-°° 

167 Prof. J- H. M. Sherrill 25.00 

168 A. H. McKinney 25.00 

169 A. Fpleufph 20.00 

170 Andrew Mills 10.00 

171 E. M. Kingsley 60.00 

172 E. M. Kingsley 65.00 

173 Alexander Logil & Co 10.00 



Maryville College Monthly. 

Vol. I. 

JANTJAKY, 1899. 

No. 5. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 


Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 




The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. OontartbTitwM and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, 25 cents ajyear; Single Copies, a 
cents. ■ 

Address all communications t the 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Entered at Maryville, Tenn., as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


The registrar states that so far ninety- 
five new students have enrolled, and the 
total attendance is about three hundred and 

The Undergraduate, of Middlebury Col- 
lege, Vt., has a half-tone engraving of our 
president, and a sketch of his life, written 
by President J. E. Rankin, of Howard Uni- 

Rev. Edgar C. Mason, '87, is the pastor 
of the Presbyterian Church at Basking 
Ridge, N. J. His church has grown under 
his ministrations, and has now one Home 
and two Foreign missionaries. 

During the Christmas vacation one of 
our teachers, Mr. Horace Ellis, '98, was 
married to Miss Cordelia Young, '98, and 
Mr. Charles C. Litterer was married to Miss 
Maggie Jones, daughter of David Jones, of 

Forty - five new subscriptions for the 
Monthly were obtained during vacation 
at Knoxville and Dandridge by W. T. Ram- 
sey, Joseph Broady and H. C. Rimmer. 
This addition brings our subscription list to 
eight hundred and fifty. 

Reuben Powel, '98, is studying law at 
Menasha, Wis Five days after graduation 
he enlisted in the Fifth Illinois Regiment, 
and was stationed at Chickamauga Park 
and Newport News. He was mustered out 
of service on the 16th of October with his 
regiment at Springfield, 111. 

The December number of The Church at 
Home and Abroad contains a half-tone en- 
graving of Bartlett Hall, and an article writ- 
ten by Dr. E. B. Hodge concerning it, and 
the number of ministers furnished to the 
Church by Maryville College. 

Mr. John Leroy Warfel, for a number of 
years a teacher in Maryville College, died 
at his home in Maryville on December 2 1 , 
1898. He was a faithful Christian and 
conscientious educator, and his demise is 
deeply deplored by a large number of 
friends. He leaves a wife and two chil- 
dren, who have the sympathy of the entire 

Kin Takahashi, '95, has been elected the 
general secretary of the Y. M. C. A. Asso- 
ciation of Tokio, Japan. The Association 
owns a large and magnificent building, cen- 
trally located and thoroughly equipped with 
all modern conveniences. Christianity is 
gaining ground day by day in Tokio, and 
grand opportunities are opened for Y. M. C. 
A. methods. It is very pleasant for the 
many friends of Kin in this country to know 
that he is using his gifts and energies in this 
very important work in the seventh largest 
city in the world. 

A reception was given Friday evening, 
January 6, by the Y. M. C. A. and the 
Y. W. C. A. to the new students. Mr. 
Thomas Maguire presided, and explained 
the purpose of the meeting and of the two 
associations. Miss Gardner gave a recita- 
tion, and the address was delivered by Prof. 
J. G. Newman. A double quartette sang 
the College song, and then the assembly 
joined in the chorus : 

" Orange garnet, float forever, 
Ensign of our hill! 
Hail to thee, our Alma Mater, 
Hail to Maryville." 

An enjoyable social followed. 

On Sunday, December 18, a joint mis- 
sionary meeting of the Y. M. C. A. and 
Y. W. C. A. was held in the College chapel. 
The subject was "Medical Missions," and 
was opened by Thos. Maguire. Miss Carrie 
McClung had a paper on "Medical Missions 
of India. ' ' Mr. Campbell told about the work 
in Africa. Miss Andrews' topic was "Work 
Among the Lepers." Miss Arstingstall 
spoke concerning the medical profession in 
China. Special music was furnished by the 
Societies' quartettes. This meeting closed 
the regular work of the term. The attend- 
ance at all the Sunday meetings has been 
large and the interest has been good. The 

MARYVILLE college monthly. 


present term, with the large increase in at- 
tendance, will furnish additional opportuni- 
ties to these two Christian associations of 
students for lifting up the moral and spir- 
itual character of all students. 

The young ladies of the College, under 
the leadership of Miss Leila Perine, are 
endeavoring to raise at least $100 for Bart- 
lett Hall. As they have the use of the 
gymnasium four hours each week, this 
effort shows that they appreciate the new 
building. In aid of this fund an excellent 
entertainment was given Monday night, 
January 9th, the program of which is as 
follows : 


Piano Quartette— Euryanthe Overture Weber 

Misses Huecke and Franklin, Misses Penny 
and Kennedy. 

Piano Duet— Bohemian Girl Balfe 

Misses Lois Alexander and Martha Boardman. 

Baritone Solo Selected 

Mr. Will Bartlett. 

Piano Trio- -Themes from Operas Mozart 

Misses Penny, Alexander and Kennedy. 

Tableau— "Why Don't You Speak for Yourself, John?' 



Piano Sextette— Norma Overture ...Bellini 

Misses Muecke, Gill and Howard, 
Misses Alexander, Irwin and Minnis. 

Recitation Selected 

Miss Nancy Gardner. 

Piano Solo— Theme from Oberon Weber 

Master Albert Huddleston. 

Piano Duet— II Trovatore Verdi 

Misses Perine and Muecke. 
Double Quartette Selected 

Tablean— "Sir;Walter Raleigh's Introduction to Queen 

The Board of Directors of Maryville Col- 
lege met on Wednesday, January 4, 1899. 
The following trustees were present : Rev. 
E. A. Elmore, D. D., Rev. W. R. Dawson, 
Rev. A. J. Coile, Rev. J. M. Alexander, 
Col. J. B. Minnis, Hon. Will A. McTeer, 
Major Ben Cunningham, W. B. Minnis, 
A. R. McBath, John C. McClung and J. P. 

In the absence of Rev. W. H. Lyle, D. D., 
Col. J. B. Minnis, of Knoxville, presided. 

The most important business transacted 
was in reference to Bartlett Hall. Prof. 
Elmer B. Waller, Chairman of the Building 
Committee, presented a report in which it 
was shown that the total amount expended 
to January 1, 1899, was $9,819.95 ; the 
cash receipts were $6,213.80, leaving an 
indebtedness of $3,606.15. The trustees 
voted $4,000 to the building, which amount 

liquidates the debt and puts about $400 in 
the Bartlett Hall treasury. 

Mr. David Jones, the contractor, pre- 
sented a bid to practically finish the build- 
ing for $2,850. 

The trustees authorized the building 
committee to finish the parlor, reading 
room, secretary's office and the front hall. 
This work will be done at once, and in a 
short time the Y. M. C. A. will enjoy this 
part of the building in addition to the gym- 
nasium. If the $3,000 of good subscrip- 
tions can be collected soon the work will 
be carried on to completion. 

Mr. Hubert S. Lyle, '99, has been ap- 
pointed collector, and all students and 
friends are asked to co-operate in collecting 
and raising the necessary funds to finish 
this providential building, upon which 
$9,818.95 have been expended. If this can 
be accomplished the chronological epitome 
will be : 

1895— Brick-making by the students. 
1896— Foundations laid. 
1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898— Gymnasium part opened for use. 
1899— Y. M. C. A. part opened for use and 

building finished after five years 

of untiring efforts. 

A goodly company assembled in the Col- 
lege chapel, as usual, at sunrise on Jan. t, 
1899. As it was Sabbath morning, and the 
day on which the American flag was to be 
raised over Cuba, it was a season especially 
sacred. As expressive of thankfulness for 
the past, Psa. cl., "Praise ye the Lord," etc., 
was read ; as looking to the future, the 
60th chapter of Isaiah, "Arise, shine, for thy 
light is come," etc. It was remarked that 
as the plan of God, who is love, had been 
unfolded for another year, the created uni- 
verse has more occasion for thankfulness 
than ever before ; a broader exercise of 
beneficence justly awakened, increased 
gratitude. The hour was mostly spent in 
prayer, interspersed with the singing of the 
Doxology, "Nearer, My God, to Thee," 
"He Leadeth Me," "My Faith Looks Up to 
Thee," closing with "All Hail the Pow- 
er of Jesus' Name." Of course, thanks- 
giving, consecration, dedication, interces- 
sion for the College, the country, the 
Church, and the world prevailed. God was 
present. It was a favored hour. Cuba, 
Spain, the Czar's proposed disarmament, 
our soldiers and sailors, foreign missions, 
the Church universal, our next College 
term, the evangelistic meetings anticipated 
in February, were all tenderly and fervently 
remembered. After the benediction a few 

9 6 


moments were spent in mutual friendly 
greetings. One who came farthest said it 
was her tenth attendance. 


Programme midwinter entertainment of 
Bainonian Society, Patriotic Evening, De- 
cember i 6, 1898: 

Invocation Prof Newman 


Recitation — The Challenge ... Ora Rankin 


Recitation — Three Boys in Blue 

Nancy V. Gardner 

Tableau— United States, Spain, Cuba. 

Debate — Resolved, That America is 
the Greatest Nation in the- World. 
Affirmative, Lou Johnston ; Nega- 
tive, Edith Newman. 

Recitation Phi. Smythc 

Essay — Territorial Expansion 

'..... Elizabeth Penny 


Bainonian Frederica Muecke 

Benediction Dr. Boardman 

Programme midwinter entertainment ot 
Theta Epsilon Society, December 9, 1898: 

Invocation Rev. S. T. Wilson, D.D. 

Piano Solo — Banjo Gottschalk 

Miss Mary Carnahan. 

Recitation — Helen the Leper 

Miss Mamie Stebbins 

Essay — The Higher Education of Wo- 
men Miss Icena Atkins 

Quartette — Home Returning 

Theta Epsilon Quartette 

Debate — Resolved, That the City is a 

Menace to Civilization 

Affirmative, Miss Mable Goddard ; 
Negative, Miss Lillian Hood. 
Violin Solo — Polish Dance. .. .Acherwent 

Miss Grace Carnahan. 
Recitation — Hymn of the Moravian 

Nuns Miss Nora Morton 

Vocal Solo — Fiddle and I Gvodev? 

Miss Blanche Weisberger. 

Oration — The American Hero 

Miss Maud Yates. 
Recitation — Mrs. Splicer Tries the To- 
boggan Miss Lydia Cornett 

Comic Duett— A. B. C 

..... .Misses ia and Anna Goddard 



The first of a proposed series of Faculty 
Conferences on College Themes was held 
at the President's house on Thursday even- 
ing, December 15, 1898. Nearly all the 
Faculty and teachers were present. The 
President read an essay, of about an hour, 
on "Some Fundamental Principles of Col- 
lege Discipline." 

I. Supreme reliance upon the Holy 
Spirit, whose influence is as real and uni- 
form in Christian education as that of gravi- 
tation in material nature. American col- 
leges owe their best qualities to spiritual 
influences. Harvard was founded "For 
Christ and the Church." Yale, Dartmouth, 
Middlebury, Maryville, Oberlin, Wabash, 
Hanover Park, and many others have had 
a similar origin. Only so far as they con- 
tinue to be led by the Spirit can they do 
the best work. The best college work is 
wrought out by prayer. Said the late be- 
loved Prof. G. "S. W. Crawford, "Maryville 
College owes what it is to prayer." 

II. College government should imitate, 
as far as possible, the government of God. 
It should be a government of love, perfect 
fairness, justice, tenderness, mercy and in- 
flexible righteousness. It should' make it 
as easy for pupils to do right, and as hard 
to do wrong, as possible. Above all, it 
should govern. 

III. College Discipline should always ap- 
peal to the higher intellectual and moral 
faculties of the students. 

If it follows the guidance of the Holy 
Spirit, and imitates the government of God ; 
it will make such appeal. The conscience, 
reason and heart of the student will be in 
alliance with the authorities of the college. 
Such administration will create an atmos- 
phere of right thinking, feeling and doing, 
such as will preclude most of the occasions 
for disciplinary penalty. Not all, of course. 
The executive power back of all, and un- 
der all, must be, though unobtrusive, yet 
constantly present, and distinctly realized. 
A fine Christian sense of honor must be cul- 
tivated. Christian manliness must be rec- 
ognized ; treated with confidence, and led 
to its highest development. A noble as- 
piration for moral and spiritual, as well as 
intellectual culture should be stimulated, 
according to the petition, "Thy will be done 
in earth as in heaven." 

IV. Every advantage of environment 
should be improved. A dead lift should 



always be avoided. Every student is a 
member of a family ; of the State, of society. 
All these demand of him diligent study and 
good conduct. His grades in scholarship 
and his deportment should be regularly and 
frequently reported to parents and guar- 
dians. The powerful motive to right doing 
from the consciousness that kindred friends 
and the community are expecting it of him 
should be brought to bear upon every stu- 
dent. The false sentiment, both in ana 
out of college, sometimes prevalent, that 
college students are exempt from the usual 
demands of law, of propriety, and even of 
morality, should be\ everywhere discour- 
aged. God is not mocked. Sin is the same 
everywhere. Vice is followed by its nat- 
ural consequences. The wages of sin is 

V. Discretion and tact are, of course, to 
be employed in the ever varying details of 

All college instructors should be good 
scholars and good men ; models for their 

Snow Steam Laundry 

Does Prompt 






All Goods Called for and Delivered without 
Extra Cost. 

Give Us a Call. 

S. M. LOWE, I- Lessee. 


The Bank of Maryville, 


Offers to the people of Blount County 
a safe and reliable depository for 
their funds, guaranteeing Fair and 
Honourable Treatment, Careful and 
Prompt Attention 

Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities. Interest Paid 
on all Time Deposits. 


P. M. Bartimt, Pres. Will A. McTekk, V.-P. 
Jo. Burger. Cashier. 

pupils. Character gives authority. The 
faculty should have a deep sympathy with 
youth, and make due allowance, and even 
provision, for all the right exercises of the 
natural exuberance belonging to that age. 
There is constant demand for the exercise 
of wisdom. There must be endless adap- 
tation to the specific demands of successive 
classes of students. The great moral and 
spiritual rules are uniform, their applica- 
tions are justly diversified from day to dav, 
and from year to year. 

The reading of this essay was followed 
by a very animated and interesting discus- 
sion, in which all the teachers, as well as 
professors, took part. Light refreshments 
were partaken of, intermingled with the ut- 
terance, of many brilliant and weight/ 
thoughts ; and so a very pleasant evening 
was passed. It is proposed that not less 
than two such conferences shall be held 
each year, and that the essays thus present- 
ed shall be preserved in the College Library, 
together with notes of the ensuing: discus- 

99 €€' 




One Hundred and Fifty-Eight 
more Subscribers for the 
Monthly at 25 Cents a Year. 

842 158^1,000. 

99 : : : || 

99 • " |c 

Will A. JlcTeer. 

Andrew Gamble. 

J. A. Goddard, Ass't. Cash. 


Attorneys & Counsellors. 


Office:|Up Stai 
Marvville, 01 

Bank of 

Represent the Old Aetna, Penn. Fire, Fireman 
Fund and the Southern Fire Insurance Companies. 


W W W 

^IZazuvnie QoUeae. 



REV. S. W. BOARDMAN, D. D., LL. D., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 

and of Didactic Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature, 

and of the Spanish Language. 

Professor of Mathematics'. 


Professor, Registrar and Librarian. 

Professor of the Greek Language and Literature. 

Professor of the Natural Sciences. 

Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
cessor of the Science and Art of Teaching. 

Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study — the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teacher's. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 

The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President's 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 

Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 

Matr jn. 



Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced nstructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only $6.00 per 
term, or $12.00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only $3.00 per term, or $6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumental music at low 
rates. Board at Co-operative Boarding 
Club only about $1. 20 per Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from $2.00 to 
$2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, $75.00 to $125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1899» 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, MaryvillE, Tenn. 

'Absent on leave at Yale University. + Absent on leave at Chicago University. 

Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

FEBRUARY, 1899. 

Number 6. 




No organization of modern times can 
point to the object of its existence and say 
with more truthfulness that it is fulfilling 
that object than can the Young- Men'.' 
Christian Association. 

It had an insignificant beginning in the 
world's capital in the year 1844, and was 
started for the purpose of promoting the 
physical, social, intellectual and spiritual 
welfare of young men. To-day it has over 
half a million members, scattered among 
forty nations, in 5,000 cities and towns. 
"They speak twenty languages, are pos- 
sessed of permanent property amounting' to 

over twenty-five million dollars, receive an- 
nually from members and friends over three 
million dollars, and expend not only this 
money, but the life service of thousands o; 
their own number in keeping open hospit- 
able buildings or rooms, and in varied 
forms of attractive work among young 

Thirty years ago the first association 
building in America was erected in New 
York City. Nowhere in the world has the 
Y. M. C. A. made such rapid progress as in 
America. In the providence of God it has 
been reserved for the AYest to take up this 
idea of young men for young men ; develop 
and extend it to the nations of the world. 

The Young; Men's Christian Association 



seeks to build up body, mind, and spirit. 
Recognizing the whole man, it seeks to 
touch every part of him that it may reacli 
the best. It does not demand that he be a 
religious bigot, a fanatic, or a visionary, but 
"a man of good moral character." When 
once it has brought a man within the sphere 
of its influence, it introduces him to the 
gymnasium, where he learns to respect his 
body; leads him to its reading room, or, ;t 
he is not prepared for that, to its educa- 
tional classes: and puts him in a social at- 
mosphere that is both cheering and ele- 
vating. These are all subservient to the 
one great aim of its existence— "to lead men 
to Christ." Its fidelity to this purpose has 
ever made it progressive. 

It is a movement of young men in behalf 
of young men, combined with the sympathy 
and co-operation of youthful veterans. Ev- 
ery association is managed by an executive 
committee composed of picked men whose 
duty it is to manage the association. In 
the town and city associations it is not un- 
usual to find the shrewdest and most spirit- 
ually-minded men of a community on this 
committee. In college associations profes- 
sors are often found acting on the executive 
committee. While the executive commit- 
tee has to work out its own local problems, 
it has behind it an executive committee se- 
lected from the State of which it forms a 
part. A large number of States have gen- 
eral secretaries, who give their time wholly 
to assisting city, college, railroad and army 
associations, and to the guidance of organi- 
zation in new fields and the development 
of new associations. 

The International Committee has gen- 
eral oversight of the whole field. It is 
comprised of men whose executive ability, 
knowledge of young men. and fervent spir- 
ituality have inspired confidence wherever 
the Young Men's Christian Association is 
known. Xo more striking illustration of 
its power to grasp a situation and success- 
fully cope with it was ever manifested than 
during the recent war. In less than a 
week after war had been declared with 
Spain this committee organized the nucleus 

of the Army Christian Commission ; en- 
listed the co-operation of the government 
authorities at Washington, and sent men 
and equipment to organize the Army 
Young Men's Christian Association among 
our soldiers and sailors, thus combating 
the evils of camp life and elevating the sur- 

The College Y. M. C. A. is, like the great 
movement of which it forms a part, primar- 
ily a religious organization. Every im- 
pulse of its activities is prompted by a love 
for the humanity that Jesus came to re- 
deem. The religious meetings, Bible, mis- 
sion study, and the Personal Workers' 
Classes, are all prominent features of its 

Last year, in 537 college associations of 
America, 1,922 young men were led to 
Christ, and over 11.000 were searching the 
Scriptures in Bible classes. The spiritual 
awakenings in some of our largest colleges 
have bad their beginnings in the College 
Y. M. C. A., notably Princeton's historic 
revival of '76, out of which has grown the 
World's Student Christian Federation. 

It is impossible to overestimate the im- 
portance of a College Y. M. C. A. when 
we consider the significance of the Student 
Volunteer Band and the World's Student 
Christian Federation. Both owe their or- 
igin to the College Y. M. C. A., and have 
one common purpose— the evangelization 
of the world and the binding together of 
humanity in a bond of fellowship with Jesus 
Christ. Remembering that the leaders of 
thought and the molders of nations come 
from our universities and colleges ; that the 
World's Student Christian Federation rep- 
resents America. Europe, Asia, Africa and 
Australia, comprising 55.000 professors and 
students belonging to all the leading 
branches of Protestant Christendom, and 
also bearing in mind the increased mission- 
ary interest among College men, the im- 
portance of a College Y. M. C. A. and its 
far-reaching influences is at once apparent. 
The Universal Day of Prayer observed last 
year by Christian organizations of students, 
by professors, and by churches, in thirty 


different countries, is significant of its in- 
fluence, and a sweet whisper of future tri- 
umphs for the kingdom of God. 

Maryville College is indeed fortunate in 
its prospect of very soon having Bartlett 
Hall completed. With it will come new re- 
sponsibilities and problems demanding an 
intelligent and wise administration. We 
ought therefore to study the methods suc- 
cessfully pursued in other College Y. M. C. 
A.'s, and above all, keep ourselves directly 
in touch with the mainsprings of the world- 
wide forward movement among' students. 



England as a colonizing power has been 
felt for ages. She has always led the world 
in all great movements for the extension of 
civilization and the promulgation of the 
best financial, political and religious princi- 
ples. Like the true philanthropist, she be- 
gan her work of redemption with the coun- 
try nearest her door. Early in the reign of 
Henry II., Ireland felt the power of her 
uplifting hand. As the years advanced, In- 
dia, America, Australia, Africa and the isl- 
ands of the seas sprang into intelligent and 
progressive activity at her touch. 

At the beginning of the present century 
England's colonial possessions were great, 
but unorganized. Queen Victoria's reign 
has witnessed the consolidation of her nu- 
merous American dependencies into the 
Dominion of Canada, and the provinces ot 
India, once governed by the East India 
Company, into the Empire of India. With- 
in this century Australia has been redeemed 
from the hands of savages, while large por- 
tions of Africa have been opened to trade 
and civilization. In 1837 the foreign pos- 
sessions of England covered an area of four 
million square miles ; to-day they cover 
twelve millions. 

In 1837 England's commerce was worth 
8250,000,000 ; to-day it is worth ten times 
as much. In other words, in Queen Vic- 
toria's reign the territorial extent of Eng- 

land has treble!, while her 
increased tenfold. No other nation can 
show such growth. Rome in a thousand 
years did not acquire an empire one-sixth 
as great as England has gained sini e 
Queen Victoria came to the throne. 

After thus briefly reviewing England's 
colonizing activity, let us ascertain what is 
England's imperial policy. 

We may sum it up in one sentence: Eng- 
land's flag shall wave over such parts of the 
earth's surface as shall be justly secured 
by peace or war in the protection of Eng- 
lish commercial and personal rights, and 
in the advancement of the general cause 
of civilization. 

England has no moral right to leave her 
vast international traffic unprotected, and 
she can not as a Christian nation leave the 
fairest portions of the world to wither and 
decay under the blighting influences of hea- 
thenism and barbarism, or remain inactive 
while weak and worthy nations are plun- 
dered and oppressed. Her duty to man- 
kind demands that she stretch forth the 
hand of civilization and Christianity, and 
lift up to a higher plane those who sit in 
heathen darkness, and that she extend her 
hand of power to protect with her beneficent 
laws those who are oppressed. 

England's imperial policy has been emi- 
nently successful, for it has produced bene- 
ficial results wherever it has been in oper- 
ation. One of the strongest points in its 
favor is its adaptability to varying circum- 
stances and conditions. 

The policy that prospers the Hindus and 
meets with their approval, prospers also the 
Mohammedans. The policy that trans- 
formed America from a wilderness into a 
garden in which dwells one of the greatest 
nations of the earth is making Africa blos- 
som like the rose. The policy that has 
raised Australia from the depths of barbar- 
ism is now awakening China from its sleep 
of five thousand years. 

Wherever England rules, justice rules. 
The Mohammedans, of the English colo- 
nies, as much as they are opposed to the 



Christian religion, boast of the just govern- 
ment and incorruptible judiciary of Great 

As the motherland of freedom she goes 
forth on her mighty march of progress, in- 
grafting into every nation that she touches 
the civilization, the politics, and the reli- 
gion of the greatest nation of the earth. 
Wherever England's flag waves, the preach- 
er of the gospel can proclaim his message 
without fear of molestation or danger. The 
effect of her policy is especially manifest 
in India, where she found a wilderness of 
crime, ignorance and superstition. Great 
bands of marauders plundered and mur- 
dered the helpless natives. The head men 
of the villages harbored and protected these 
ruffians because they were given a share of 
the spoils. 

When England became a ruling factor in 
India, all such organized crimes were put 
down with a firm and heavy hand. Lands 
which were formerly uncultivated, because 
of the general insecurity, have been made to 
produce bountifully under the protection 
of the English administration. A supersti- 
tious, ignorant race has been put in the 
path of knowledge, and is now advancing to 
that higher measure of life which the 
Anglo-Saxon race represents. 

Can honest thinking people fail to ap- 
prove this policy of England that has sup- 
pressed robbery, murder and crime of every 

Can we in this, the evening of the nine- 
teenth century, attempt to blow out the 
great torchlight of civilization, the great 
imperial policy of England, which she is 
to carry to mankind in the twentieth cen- 
tury? We can not. We must not. 

About one hundred years ago England 
made her way into Africa, a country bur- 
dened with the slave trade. The Transvaal, 
blessed with wonderful gifts of nature, had 
for years been left to waste and ruin. Her 
natives, as swine among pearls, trod under 
foot her precious and inexhaustible miner- 
als. Her prolific soil, fresh from the hand 
of God, had for centuries been uncultivated 
What was needed to bring into use these 

wonderful gifts of nature ? The colonial pol- 
icv of England. She crushed the slave 
trade in that country, saved a weak nation 
from ruin and destruction, and then with 
a bountiful hand bestowed upon the people 
the inestimable blessings of freedom, edu- 
cation and religion. England rescues the 
weak from physical slavery, and then seeks 
to release from mental bondage. 

Rudyard Kipling, in his poem, "Kitchen- 
er's School," sets forth this English spirit — 
"They do not consider the meaning of 
things ; they consult not creed or clan ; 
Behold! they clap the slave on the back, 
and behold ! he becometh a man. 
They terribly carpet the earth with the dead, 
and before their cannons cool 
They walk unarmed by twos and threes 
to call the living to school." 
We have surprised the nations of the 
earth by our wonderful victories at San- 
tiago and Manila, and as we go forth to be a 
mighty nation beyond the seas we approve 
of England's imperial policy by imitating 

The greatest American statesmen of to- 
day approve this policy. Then, shall we 
not all indorse this policy founded upon 
such great principles? Is it not an inspiring 
thought that in the closing days of the nine- 
teenth century America joins hands with 
England in bearing aloft a banner upon 
which is inscribed: "For civilization, for ed- 
ucation, for humanity and God." 


To the Editor of the Maryville College 


Dear Sir. — Feeling an interest in Mary- 
ville College, my alma mater, and thinking 
that perhaps the readers of your interesting 
paper would enjoy a word from one of the 
boys of the Fourth Tennessee, I take the 
privilege of giving you a short account of 
our experiences since we left Camp Taylor, 
at Knoxville. 

Early on the morning of the 28th of No- 
vember we were ordered to break camp at 
Knoxville and prepare for a trip to Cuba. 



At 11 o'clock at night we steamed out cf 
the station, and after traveling all the next 
day we reached Savannah, Ga., early in the 
morning. This place was the port from 
which we were to sail, and by daylight on 
the 1st day of December we were all safely 
embarked on the transport Manitoba. 

About 8 o'clock, while the band played 
"America," "The Star Spangled Banner," 
"Dixie," and "Home, Sweet Home," from 
the upper deck, we sailed slowly out of the 
harbor, cheered by hundreds of people on 
shore, and by the whistles from all the ves- 
sels in the harbor. In a short time the 
shores of our native land faded from our 
view, and nothing of special importance 
occurred until the evening of the second 
day, when it was announced that land had 
been sighted. The land was soon visible 
to us all, and proved to be San Salvador, 
around which so much interest centers. 
During the day several small islands were 
passed, among which was Castle Island, 
where a lighthouse is placed. Just at day- 
light I arose from my cot, and my eyes fell 
upon land in the distance. I was soon in- 
formed that this was the eastern end o f 
Cuba, and that we were sailing through the 
Windward Passage. The eastern part of 
Cuba seems very rough, and has a consid- 
erable elevation, but it has not the appear- 
ance of the mountains of East Tennessee, 
for instead of being covered with timber, 
it looks very barren, with nothing on it ex 
cept small shrubbery. 

As we sailed along the southern coast 
something of interest would occasionally 
present itself, and the country gradually 
became more level, with small villages, or 
rather ruins, in the foreground. We sailed 
by Siboney and a small village near it, where 
the American forces first landed, and we 
saw the castle upon which the first Ameri- 
can flag was raised. We were told that 
within a short time we could see Morro 
Castle and the Harbor of Santiago, and I 
suppose that every eye on the vessel was 
turned in that direction. At 2 o'clock on 
Sunday afternoon we were passing in front 
of Morro Castle, and through the waters 

where the great naval >a : fought, 

which defeated and humbled Spain and 
brought freedom to the starving and dyin 

With the aid of a glas ould see the 

wreck of the Merrimac, which has immor- 
talized Hobson. 

There were scenes of interest yet await- 
ing us, for during the afternoon we passed 
within plain view of the wrecks of the Span- 
ish warships, Maria Teresa, Oquendo. Viz- 
caya and the Cristobal Colon. 

On the morning of December 6 we came 
into the harbor of Casilda, where we first 
set foot on Cuban soil. Our camp. "Ten- 
nessee," is located three miles from Casilda. 
and at the southern entrance to the city ot 
Trinidad. This city was founded in the 
year 1614 A. D., but has the appearance of 
having been founded some time B. C. It is 
the wealthiest town in this part of the isl- 
and, but many of the finer buildings were 
destroyed during the war. 

The streets are very narrow, and the 
houses are very low and open directly upon 
the streets. It has a population of about 
twelve thousand, and is claimed to be the 
healthiest place in Cuba. It certainlv 
should be healthy, for it has an elevation of 
200 feet, and is fanned by breezes from the 
Caribbean Sea on the south, and from the 
Yijia Mountains on the north. 

The climate here is now something like 
we have in Tennessee in June. The morn- 
ings and evenings are very pleasant, but 
during the middle of the day the heat of the 
sun is almost unbearable, and our duties are 
so arranged that we are not required to be 
in the noonday sun. 

At our arrival here the regiment was di 
vided, and the battalion in which most ~>: 
the Blount County boys belong, was sent 
to Sancti Spiritus. 

I regret that I can not send you any defi- 
nite information about them, but so far as 
I can learn the}- are all well and comfort- 
ably situated. Charles Martin. J. Rol 
Simpson and myself, who are in the band, 
and were formerly at Maryville College, 
are delighted to send word to our fellow 


students that we are enjoying good health 
and making the best of our South Sea Isl- 
and home, but we are sorry to tell you 
that a great deal of sickness prevails 
among the boys, about ten of whom have 
succumbed to fatal diseases, and are now 
resting peacefully beneath Cuban sod. 

I wish I had the space to give you a full 
description of the people, our surroundings. 
etc., but feel that I have taken my share of 
your space, so wishing you all a prosperous 
and happy year, I remain yours sincerely, 
Albert S. Harris. 

Trinidad, Cuba, Jan. 14. 1899. 



The Chilhowee Literary Club of College 
Hill, conscious that intellectual "expansion" 
alone is not a sufficient reason for being, and 
believing that it has "come to the kingdom" 
as a debtor to those who lack equal oppor- 
tunities for culture, in an attempt to dis- 
charge that debt has in the past year sent 
out three libraries to the regions beyond. 

The first library, of 70 volumes, was sent 
to Cade's Cove ; the second, with the same 
number of volumes, was sent to Tuckalee- 
chee Cove. These are styled the "Chilho- 
wee Traveling Libraries," and the design is 
to have the library remain in one locality 
for a year, and then interchange it with a 
neighboring one. 

The third library, of no volumes, was 
sent to Miss M. E. Caldwell, as a nucleus 
of a permanent library for the school at 
] funtsville. Many good magazines and 
papers for free distribution were sent with 
each collection of books. 

The fourth library, of 60 volumes, will be 
sent shortly to Miller's Cove, with several 
hundred papers and magazines. In all 310 
volumes have been collected. 

When last year the State Federation of 
Women's Clubs met in Chattanooga, the 
delegates of the Chilhowee Club to that 
convention, Mrs. M. A. Lamar and Miss 
M. E. Henrv, who has been the leading 

spirit in this work, brought back enthusi- 
astic reports of the philanthropic work of 
other clubs, and brought before the Chilho- 
wee Club the project of supplying the boys 
and girls of our mountain coves with good 
literature. Each member agreed to do 
something to make the plan a success; 
books and magazines, or money to buy 
books, were given by the members ; distan: 
friends were solicited to aid the good cause. 
Meetings were held to cover and list the 
books. No book was ready to start on its 
journey until it was carefully covered with 
stout paper, securely pasted on, and had 
pasted within it, at Professor Waller's 
unique suggestion, an interesting circular, 
setting forth the advantages of Maryville 
College, so that if haply the young people of 
the mountain districts, upon reading the 
books, should have a consuming desire for 
an education, they might know whither to 
turn their steps to obtain it. Shall we not 
hope for this reflex action of the "Chilhowee 
Traveling Library"? 

It should be mentioned that the different 
libraries were not duplicates of each other, 
though doubtless copies of certain standard 
works were found in each collection. The 
books covered a wide range of subjects, to 
suit varying tastes. Yet they were not 
sent in a haphazard manner, but only after 
careful examination.. A responsible person 
in each neighborhood has agreed to act as 
librarian, and words of appreciation have 
come back to the Club, assuring it that the 
books are read and enjoyed. 

Mrs. Lillie Lord Tiffts, a daughter of 
Rev. C. P>. Lord, of Maryville, and a promi- 
nent worker in educational and philanthrop- 
ical movements, died recently at her home 
in Buffalo, N. Y. She was a warm friend 
of Maryville College, and was instrumental 
in bringing to Maryville for a day's visit 
the Association for the Advancement of 
AVomen. It was at this time, in November. 
1894. that Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, in ad- 
dressing our students, congratulated them 
in belonging to an institution with a na- 
tional policy. 




Cash received to Feb. i, 1899 ■ • 

1895 — Brick-making' by the students. 
1896 — Foundations laid. 

1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 

o o r> • 1 r * et needed to complete aud furnish, t. 000 

1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. l 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
/been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lvle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

Cash receipts from November, 1896, to 
May, 1897, were: 

113 Brick Church S. S.. Rochester.$ 51 93 
] 14 T. S. Campbell 5 00 

115 H. M. Welsh 3 00 

116 Nancy I. McGmley 1 00 

117 Cora Means 5 00 

1 18 Irving W. Street 8 25 

119 First Presb. Ch., Scranton. ... 16 60 

1 20 Ed. Montgomery 5 00 

J2i Prof. G S. Fisher 3 00 

122 Schubert Concert 14 85 

123 Katy Love 25 

124 R. P. Walker 15 00 

i2j B. F. Armstrong 7 95 

126 Rev. W. E. Graham 25 00 

727 Prof. Elmer B. Waller 25 00 

328 Ed. Montgomery 1 75 

129 John F. Brown 5 00 

130 S. S.. Second Presb. Ch., Chat- 

nooga 20 00 

131 Prof. John G Newman 20 00 

132 Frank H. Armstrong 1 95 

133 J. H. Strawbridge 50 00 

] 34 J. H. Fenton • 11 00 

135 Mrs. M. C. Thaw 25 00 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer, Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit ihe remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

136 West Side Y. M. C. A., N. Y.. 8 93 

137 First Presb. Ch., Pittsburg. ... 25 00 

138 Miss Henderson 1 o-j 

139 Cash 2 00 

HO Miss Jane W. Magee 20 00 

141 Prof. H. A. Goff 20 00 

142 Thomas N. Brown 5 00 

143 Miss M. E. Henry 1 00 

144 Prof. J. C. Barnes 15 00 

145 Miss Jessie K. Smith 1 00 

T46 J. W. Culton 5 00 

147 R. McFarland 25 

148 Adelphic L nion 8 50 

149 S. S.. New Market Ch 5 00 

Cash receipts for January, 1899: 

395 F. M. Gill $ 10 00 

396 Prof. S. T. AYilson 25 00 

397 D. M. Caldwell 5 00 

398 J. W. Sanders 10 00 

399 Jo. Burger 10 00 

400 Misses Willards 500 00 

401 Mrs. C. C. Sinclair 20 00 

402 J. W. Hallenback 100 00 

403 D. R. Haworth 3 00 

404 Maryville College 4000 00 


Maryville College Monthly, 

Vol. I. 

FEBRUARY, 1899. 

No. 6. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 


Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 

Bainonian. Theta Epsilon. 


The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, 25 cents a year; Single Copies, S 

Address all communications to 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Entered at Maryville, Tenn., as Secoud-ClasB Mail Matter. 


Rev. William McClung, '92, conducted 
chapel exercises one morning. 

John McCulloch, a former student, is at- 
tending the Medical College at Nashville. 

The firm of M. F. Rouke & Co., of 
Knoxville, has just finished putting in the 
steam pipes at Bartlett Hall. 

The Glee Club is practicing faithfully, 
and will surprise us before long with the 
excellency of its program. 

A new striking bag has been placed in 
the gymnasium, and some dumb-bells have 
been ordered for the marching classes. 

Campbell S. Cunningham, '94, was mar- 
ried to Miss Cornelia Doran, of Knoxville, 
on Wednesday, January 25, by Dr. Thos. 

Robert Pflanze has left College and ac- 
cepted the remunerative but dangerous po- 
sition of assistant doorkeeper of the House 
at Nashville. 

The Senior Class a few days ago enjoyed 
a reception given by the two members of 
the class, Miss Rosa Lyle and Miss Ellen 
Alexander, who room at Baldwin Hall. 

During the severe illness of Rev. F. E. 
Moore, the pulpit of New Providence 
Church has been supplied by Dr. Boardman 
and Professors Waller, Newman and Goff. 

The Volunteer Band for Foreign Mis- 
sions conducted the Tuesday (January 31) 
prayer-meeting. Miss Ellen Alexander, 
'99, was leader, and well-prepared papers 
were read by G. W. Reed, R. W. Post, F. 
L. Webb, and Miss Mamie Stebbens. 

A new member of one of the literary so- 
cieties, when called upon for a speech, said: 
''Mr. Chairman. I annihilate the honor of 
having an opportunity of speaking before 
this society, and I feel my utter unaccount- 
ability in provoking any further equivoca- 

The faculty, at the request of the Y. M. C. 
A. and the Y. W. C. A. has granted per- 
mission for a series of lectures, to be de- 
livered before the students in the chapel 
during the months of March and April. 
Three of the lecturers have already been 
chosen — Professors Wilson and Waller, 
and Miss M. E. Henry. 

The Y. M. C. A. elected the following 
officers recently: 

President — Thomas Maguire. 

Vice President— T. H. McConnell. 

Recording Secretary — I. W. Jones. 

Corresponding Secretary — H..T. Hamil- 

Treasurer. — H. C. Rimmer. 

The next issue of the monthly will con- 
tain a half-tone engraving and an account 
of the new school building at Marshall, N. 
C, which is under the care of the Woman's 
Board of Home Missions. Maryville Col- 
lege has furnished teachers for this acad- 
emy in the past, and S. B. Parker, 96, is 
now its efficient and successful principal. 

The Athletic Association held an enthu- 
siastic meeting lately, and elected officers 
for the coming season. The material for 
a good base ball nine is very promising, 
and already a number of boys are in train- 
ing for different positions upon the nine. 
The officers are: 

President— W. T. Bartlett. 

Vice President — J. B. Bacon. 

Secretary— T. W. Belk. 

Treasurer — Bert Ruble. 

Base Ball Captain— W T . T. Bartlett. 

Manager — Wallace Turnbull. 


George C. Levering, a former student of 
Maryville, won the second place in the In- 
diana State oratorical contest at Indianap- 
olis as the representative of Earlham Col- 
lege. His subject was "Gladstone or Bis- 
marck," and he brought out very forcibly 
the diametrically opposite characteristics of 
these two great leaders of Germanv and 

The tail end of the western blizzard 
reached Maryville the last day of January,, 
and gave us about four inches of snow, 
which, however, soon left us, after giving 
the students three days' enjoyment in snow- 
balling. The campus and the trees, cov- 
ered with the clinging snow, presented a 
very beautiful appearance, and several 
photographs were taken. 

Special services were held in the College 
chapel on January 25, the "Day of Prayer 
for Colleges." Appropriate remarks were 
made by different members of the faculty, 
and earnest prayers were offered for the 
100,000 students in our 500 institutions for 
higher learning. In the afternoon eighteen 
students having the ministry in view met 
with the teachers and professors and spent 
an hour in prayer and Christian confer- 

Mrs. Charles A. Perkins, dean of the Wo- 
man's Department of the University of 
Tennessee, delivered a lecture on the Pas- 
sion Play of Oberammergau on January 31 
at Columbian Hall. The lecture was illus- 
trated by the stereopticon and was given 
under the auspices of the Tuesday Literary 
Society. The four literary societies of the 
College, by invitation, were present in a 
body, and enjoyed with others the realistic 
views and descriptions. 

The usual evangelistic services for the year 
will begin the middle of this month, Feb- 
ruary, in the College chapel, and will be 
held for ten days, conducted by Dr. S. C. 
Dickey, of Indianapolis, Ind. Dr. Dickey 
is a graduate of Wabash College, and was 
formerly synodical missionary of the Synod 
of Indiana. He is now the secretary of the 
Winona Assembly, but has consented to be 

with us during these meetings. He is not 
entirely a stranger to our students, for he 
was at the College in October, on his re- 
turn from visiting the Synod of Tennessee. 

The Juniors and Freshmen of the Col- 
lege united in holding a banquet on Febru- 
ary 2, at the Central House. The dining 
room was tastefully decorated with ever- 
greens, class colors and class mottoes. A 
sumptuous feast of several courses was 
served and heartily enjoyed. Miss Edith 
Newman, '00, presided over the literary 
part of the program, and the following 
toasts were made: "The Sophomores," A. 
G. Hull, '02; "The Seniors," R. B. Elmore, 
'00; "The Junior-Freshmen," Ethel Min- 
nis, '00; "Prophecy," Elizabeth Penney, 
'02; Poem, T. H. McConnell, '00. 

Subjects for prayer-meetings in Mary- 
ville College for 1899: 

January 10. — Heaven, the Standard for 
Earth, Dr. Boardman. 

January 17. — Song Service, Miss Perine. 

January 24. — Christian Hope, Rev. F. E 

January 31. — Our Work. Volunteer 

February 7. — Wisdom. Rev. J. I. Cash. 

February 14. — Preaching Service. 

February 21. — Preaching Service. 

February 28. — Witness Bearing. Y. M. 
C. A. 

March 7. — A Pilgrim's Progress, Profes- 
sor Wilson. 

March 14. — What Is Your Life' Profes- 
sor Gaines. 

March 21. — Spiritual Blindness. Profes- 
sor Goff. 

March 2S. — Christian Beneficence, Pro- 
fessor Barnes. 

April 4. — Building Character. Professor 

April 11. — The Red Cross Movement, 
Miss Henry. 

April 18. — Christ's Mind. Our Mind. 
Professor Gill. 

April 25. — Lest We Forget. Professor 

May 2. — Christian Experience in Song. 
Y. W! C. A. 

May 9. — The Atonement. Professor Wal- 

Mav 16. — Meeting conducted by Senior 



Besides doing the usual missionary work 
in its evangelistic and educational depart- 
ments. Rev. John A. Silsby, our representa- 
tive in China, has been a tireless worker in 
the various lines of missionary activity 
which center around the printing office of 
the mission. At times he has had entire 
oversight of the press and its publications. 
Recently he has made a very important con- 
tribution to the study of the Chinese lan- 
guage, by the publication of an octavo vol- 
ume entitled "Shanghai Syllabary, Ar- 
ranged in Phonetic Order." 

In his introduction. Mr. Silsby says: 
"This Syllabary is designed to be a com- 
panion to the "Syllabary of the Shanghai 
Vernacular,'" prepared by three Chinese 
scholars under the superintendence of my- 
self, and arranged in the order of the Chi- 
nese radicals. Since the publication of that 
work — some six years ago — I have been ac- 
cumulating material for the present vol- 
ume, and have been at considerable pains 
and expense to secure accuracy and some 
degree of completeness. I have been as- 
sisted in this work by three Chinese teach- 
rs of well-known ability, as well as by my 
faithful and efficient teacher. The book 
contains several hundred more characters 
than does the old Syllabary. If the recep- 
tion of this little book is such as to encour- 
age further work along this line, it is my 
plan to prepare, at some time in the future, 
a new edition, enlarged, and with meanings 
attached, with references to Giles' diction- 
ary in addition to that of Williams. The 
romanization used is that adopted by the 
Christian Vernacular Society of Shanghai, 
and described in the former Syllabary." 

Mr. Silsby has scholarly tastes and in- 
clinations, and we feel like congratulating 
him upon rinding time to engage in so con- 
genial and useful a service as the prepara- 
tion of the Syllabary. 

Mr. Silsby left Maryville early in the 
month of June, to begin his second decade 
of missionary life. While he was in Mary- 
ville, last year, he contributed much to the 
development and quickening of missionary 
intelligence and enthusiasm, responding to 
all the numerous invitations to address the 
students and the residents of Maryville. He 
takes with him the friendship and prayers of 
many hearts. May God preserve his life, 
and make him increasingly useful, and long 
keep his family an unbroken number. 


Translated by A. G. Hull. 

Thou little brooklet, silver-like and clear, 
That rushest by forever here, 
I stand reflecting by thy ceaseless flow: 
Whence earnest thou? and whither dost 
thou go ? 

I spring where craggy caverns lower; 
My current glides o'er moss and flower; 
Within my liquid mirror softly lies 
The bright reflection of the azure skies. 

So like a child's my happy dream-thoughts 

Though onward driven, where I may not 

Yet ne who called me from my rocky 

I trust will guide me through my wayward 

course. — Goethe. 


II .::•:::.. e© 

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a safe and reliable depository fo-r 
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Office: Up Stairs, over Bank c 
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Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities. Interest Paid 
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REV. S. W. BOAEDMAN, D. D.. LL. D., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 
and of Didactic Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature, 
and of the Spanish Language. 


Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor, Registrar and Librarian. 

Professor of the Greek Language and Literature. 

Professor of the Natural Sciences. 

Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
cessor of the Science and An of Teaching. 

Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study— the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teachee's. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President's 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department 

Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 

Instructor in Modern Languages. 


Matr jn. 


Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced nstructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only $6.00 per 
term, or $12.00 per year. . Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only $3.00 per term, or $6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumental music at low 
rates. Board at Co-operative Boarding 
Clue only about $1.20 per Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from $2.00 to 
$2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, $75.00 to $125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1899. 

For^Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, Maryville, Tenn. 

'Absent on leave at Yale University. 

t Absent on leave at Chicago University. 

Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

MARCH, 1S99. 




The Y. M. C. A. of our College has an 
enviable record of twenty-two years. Dur- 
ing all these years the Association has been 
a mighty power for good. Every one who 
has been an active worker in our Associa- 
tion is glad to testify of the benefits received 
from its hallowed and uplifting influences. 

The faculty have often testified of their 
approval and hearty appreciation of our 
work, and have said that the far-reaching 
inlluence of the Y. M. C. A. renders dis- 
cipline easier, and increases diligent and 
conscientious study in the class room, and 
greatly assists in keeping up the moral tone 
of the whole College. 

It has been noticed that the boys who arc- 
most faithful in attendance and in active 
vvork of the Association are. generally, most 
studious in their lessons, and are found in 
the front rank of their classes. 

In looking over the history of our 
Y. M. C. A. we notice that the membership 
has not been composed of weaklings, but 
that the members have been men of the 
best intellect and moral character that the 
College possessed. The Maryville College 
Y. M. C. A. was organized March 3. 1877. 
just after a series of meetings conducted 
by Rev. Nathan Bachman, D.D. It was 
organized in order that the Christian bovs 
of the College might bind themselves to- 
gether for mutual help and strength in efn- 


cient Christian work. The regular meetings 
were held alternately in the halls of the lit- 
erary societies ; later in the chapel, and for 
three years on the third floor of "Fayer- 
weather Annex," and now the regular 
meetings are held in the chapel. We hope 
soon, however, to occupy the convenient 
and commodious auditorium of Bartlett 
Hall, for which the Assocation has earnestly 
prayed and faithfully worked for several 

The charter members of the Y. M. C. A. 
were: J. B. Porter, President; J. A. Silsby. 
Vice-President ; S. T. Wilson, Secretary; 
L. B. Tedford, John T. Reagan, James E. 
Rogers, Joseph W. Rankin, George S. 
Moore. D. A. Heron, C. C. Hembree. 
W. H. Franklin. C. B. Dare, R. H. Coulter, 
James Anderson and Ira B. Conley. 

As we look at the history of these men 
and a large numberthat have followed them, 
we are not only struck with their piety and 
religious work, but find that the}' are men 
of strong intellectual ability and business 
capacity. These men, and scores of others 
that could be mentioned, are filling, most 
admirably, positions of prominence in the 
churches, schools and business affairs of 
this country and other parts of the world. 
It is a fact that the men of our Associa- 
tion, especially the officers and standing 
committees, have been men of executive 
ability as well as of strong moral character. 
It is thus interesting and gratifying to know 
that the intellectual and the spiritual quali- 
fications have been and are so well united 
in the membership of our Y. M. C. A. It 
would be interesting to trace the work of 
the Association from its organization to the 
present, giving the names of its officers and 
prominent workers, but lack of space for- 
bids such details. Suffice it to say that 
the standard of the Maryville College 
Y. M. C. A. has always been high, both 
morally and intellectually. It was one of 
the first College Associations ever organ- 
ized in the United States. 

The present officers of the Association 
are: President, H. M. Welsh; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Thomas Maguire; Recording Secre- 

tary, I. W. Jones; Corresponding Secre- 
tary. C. N. Magill; Treasurer. H. C. Rim- 
mer. As I have been privileged to work in 
our Y. M. C. A. for eight years, I shall men- 
tion seven special features of the work that 
I have enjoved, and by which I have been 
profited, during my college course. 

t. The social work done by the Y. M. 
C. A. is of great advantage to the College. 
The Y. M. C. A. always extends warm 
greetings to new students. Our Reception 
Committees are always on hand to give a 
heartv welcome to the stranger, to furnish 
any desired information, and to do every 
favor nossible to make new students feel 
at home. 

The Y. M. C. A., in connection with the 
Y. W. C. A., has, for many years, given 
receptions at the beginning of each term : 
it has arranged for many profitable lectures, 
pleasant entertainments and religious meet- 
ings in the College, and has thus added 
much to the social status of the College. 
We have never been able to play the 
social part in the College in providing for 
new students, affording reading rooms, par- 
lor games, bathrooms, etc., as we should 
like to do, but we believe the time is coming 
when we shall have our new building com- 
pleted, and then we can do much for the 
improvement of the social advantages on 
College Hill. 

2. Bible study has been a prominent fea- 
ture of the Y. M. C. A. All the devotional 
meetings are really a careful and practical 
study and application of God's Word. The 
leader of each meeting takes the passage 
assigned on the topic card and makes a 
diligent study of it, and presents his 
thoughts to the Association. The meeting 
is then thrown open for general participa- 
tion. We thus gain mutual help from such 
meetings, as many take part. The spe- 
cial Bible classes are also largely attended. 
In these the boys study such topics as "The 
Harmony of the Gospels," "The Life of 
Christ," and "Personal Work." These 
classes meet for one hour every Sabbath, 
and are very helpful in acquiring a thor- 
ough knowledge of the Bible. 


3. The faithful work and prayer of the 
Y. M. C. A. for the success of the "Annual 
Meetings" is one of the most enjoyable 
privileges of the Association. The boys 
organize prayer bands and "Personal 
Workers' Classes" long before the meet- 
ings commence, and pray that the Holy 
Spirit may come in great power. 

In the revival services each year we can 
see the gratifying results of such prepara- 
tion. When the meetings are in progress 
the Y. M. C. A. is ready and anxious to do 
or say anything that will bring others to 
the Savior. 

4. After the meetings have closed, the 
Y. M. C. A. is the training school for new 
converts and revived Christians. It serves 
to keep the spiritual life aglow throughout 
the year. Many new converts have grown 
strong by taking part in the devotional 
meetings and by receiving words of counsel 
from their brothers in Christ. The Y. M. 
C. A. is an organization by which the good 
accomplished in the meetings may be re- 

5. Our Y. M. C. A. has always kept in 
touch with the "Forward Movements" in 
the Y. M. C. A. work of our State and 
country. We have always sent delegates to 
the annual conventions of the State, and 
to the "Summer Conferences," and last 
year two delegates were sent to the great 
Conference at Cleveland, O. Our delegates 
always come back to us with new ideas and 
effective methods of work. Thus we are 
kept in harmony and touch with the latest 
and best prescribed methods as given by the 
most successful Christian workers of the 
United States. 

6. The Association has always been 
deeply interested in missions. Five of the 
fifteen charter members became mission- 
aries, viz.: J. B. Porter, J. A. Silsby, S. T. 
Wilson, J. E. Rogers and L. B. Tedford. 
Many other former members have entered 
home and foreign fields of labor. Several 
of our present members are contemplating 
work in the foreign field, thus keeping alive 
the missionary spirit in the Association. 
We also have a missionarv meeting once a 

month in connection with the Y. M. C. 
of the College. Our Association I 
time to time, contributed to the cau- 
missions. In [895-1896 Stoo was conti 
uted to the mission work conducted by I 
J. B. Porter in Japan. 

7. The Y. M. C. A. has done a noble, 
sacrificing, earnest and faithful work for 
Bartlett Hall. For many years the Y. M. 
C. A. boys have worked and prayed that, 
in some way, they might secure a "V. M. 
C. A. and Gymnasium Building." They 
wanted a home which they could call their 
own. How often the boys would get to- 
gether and talk and plan for such a 
home! The Association has worked large]-, 
through the Bartlett Hall Building Asso- 
ciation, which was virtually the same as the 
Y. M. C. A., for oftentimes the officers of 
the Building Association were the men 
who served as officers in the Y. M. C. A. 
It was thought that the work would be 
more enthusiastic and effective by a special 
building association. The boys are all hop- 
ing for the time when they may enjoy all 
the advantages and privileges of our new 

Indeed, the Y. M. C. A. has done a vast 
amount of work in various wavs. It has 
added much to the social aspect of the Col- 
lege ; it has aroused an interest in Bible 
study; it has been engaged in gathering 
the unconverted and the wayward Christian 
under its protecting care ; it has kept in 
touch with the forward movements of the 
Christian work of the land ; it has kept 
aglow the missionary spirit ; it has made 
college discipline easier ; it has caused boys 
to be more diligent and conscientious in 
their studies, and has been the direct in- 
strument in the erection of Bartlett Hall, 
that is an honor to our College and South- 
ern grit and perseverance. Surely we 
should all be proud of the past record, and 
strive to achieve still greater things in the 

Susceptible persons are more effected by 
change of tone than by unexpected words. 
—Geo. Eliot - 



THE GLEE CLUB. The club will start upoi 

Maryville College has always given a East Tennessee on Monda; 

good deal of attention to vocal culture. Vis- giving concerts at the followii 

itors from abroad frequently comment upon Jonesboro, March 20. 

the admirable quality of the chapel singing. Greeneville, March 21. 

A number of quartets may always be found Morristown, March 22. 

connected with the Literary Societies, and New Market, March 23. 

one of the features of the College entertain- Knoxville, March 24. 

ments is the excellency of the music fur- The program will be: 

nished by these quartets. The preparation p ar t I. 

for these public appearances has always 1 Chorus Medlev 

been an incentive for faithful practice to Glee Club. 

many students. 2 Solo— 'The Bandolero" Stuart 

We have had the musical talent with us ]yir. William T. Bartlett. 

for a long time for a good glee club, but a 3 Double Quartet— "Moonlight on the 

leader was necessary. Such a leader has Lake" White 

been found in Prof. John G. Newman, who. 4 p; ano Solo— Fantaisie-Impromptu 

knowing that it would be an advantage to Chopin 

the students and College to have a glee club, Miss Leila M. Perine. 

has given freely of his time and energy dur- 5 Solo— Arranged from different languages 

ing the past three months in drilling and Mr Alexander Dilopoulo. 

organizing the Maryville College Glee Club. 6 Chorus— "O World, Thou Are So Won- 

The personnel of the club as it now exists drous Fair" Starch 

numbers twenty-five. The half-tone en- Glee Club, 

graving upon the opposite page of this issue Intermission, 

contains twenty-two members, and their p 3rt tt 

names, beginning with the rear group from r Quintet—" 'Tis Morn" Geibel 

left to right, are as follows: 2 Chorus— Serenade Mendelssohn 

F. C. Caldwell, New Market, Tenn. Glee Club. 

Prof. J. G. Newman, Maryville, Tenn. ^ piano So lo— Kamenoi-Ostrow 

I. W. Jones, Samsonville, O. Rubenstein 

H. T. Hamilton, Fayetteville, Tenn. Miss Leila M. Perine. 

S. D. McMurry, Mt. Horeb, Tenn. 4 Quintet— "Down by the River Side" 

T. H. McConnell, Wilmington, O. .. § i _"My Little Love" . . .Hawley 

H. S. Lyle, Dandridge, Tenn. Mr.' William T. Bartlett. 

W. E. Harmon, Ellejoy, Tenn. 6 Chorus— Carmen Collegii Mariavillensis 

H. B. McCampbell, Beverly, Tenn. The transportation and other expenses of 

A. R. McMurry, Maryville, Tenn. twenty-five persons will be necessarily large. 

Prof. H. A. Goff,. Maryville, Tenn. ^ it ig hoped that the friends and former 

J. Q. Wallace, Soddy, Tenn. students ofthe College in these cities where 

C. N. Magill, Maryville, Tenn. the concert3 are given will make an especial 

E. B. Praythor, Denmark, N. C. effort to give the club remunerative houses 
T. W. Belk, Altan, N. C. in this initial trip oi t he Maryville College 

C. H. Elmore, Knoxville, Tenn. Glee Club 

F. L. Ellis, Maryville, Tenn. 

J. H. Searle, Grand View, Tenn. The fierce storm of Saturday. March 4. 

W. R. Jones, Fbenezer, Wales. which did considerable damage in the com- 

D. McClung, Maryville, Tenn. munity. hie"; down an unused chimney of 
A. G. Hull, Maryville, Tenn. Anderson Hall and leveled some fences and 
W. A. Walker, Macomb. Bl. trees. 

I2 4 



(Uhland's Poem, Das Staehdchen.) 
What from my slumber wakens me 

In sweetly sounding trill? 
Oh, Mother, see ! who can it be, 

In hours so late and still ? 

Nothing I see, no sound is made ; 

Oh, slumber still so mild ! 
There comes to you no serenade, 

So sick, my own poor child. 

No earthly hymn is borne along 
That gives me such delight; 

The angels call to me in song ; 
Oh, Mother, clear, good-night. 


Prof. John C. Branner, a former student 
of Marvville College, has been appointed 
Vice-President of Leland Stanford Uni- 

Our December issue had a half-tone en- 
graving of Professor Branner, with a letter 
from him, in which he congratulated his old 
College upon the erection of the Fayer- 
weather Science Hall. The same issue also 
had an extended article from him about the 
"Spanish University of Salamanca." One 
of our exchanges comments upon this as 
follows: "Any item concerning Spain or 
Spanish life attracts attention at the present 
day ; and to students, any account of student 
life, even in that out-of-the-way country, 
must be interesting. We call especial at- 
tention to the excellent description of the 
Spanish University at Salamanca, and of 
student life there, in a late issue of the 
Maryville College Monthly, to be found on 
the exchange table in the library." 

The San Francisco Chronicle has the fol- 
lowing to say concerning Dr. Branner's ap- 
pointment, which was effective February 15: 

"President Jordan announced through 
his secretary, George A. Clark, the appoint- 
ment of Dr. John Casper Branner, head of 
the department of Geology in the Univer- 
sity, to be Vice-President of the Univer- 
sitv. This appointment is made by Presi- 

dent Jordan with the consent of Mrs. Stan- 

"Appointing Professor Branner to this 
office is bestowing a well-deserved honor 
upon one of Stanford's, and, indeed, Cali- 
fornia's, ablest teachers, scientists and schol- 
ars. Professor Branner has been here since 
the University opened in 1891 . He took the 
degree of B.S. at Cornell Lhuversity in 1882, 
and the degree of Ph.D. at Indiana Uni- 
versity in 1885. He was Assistant Geolo- 
gist to the Imperial Geological Survey of 
Brazil in T875-78; special botanist for Thos. 
A. Edison in South America, 1880-81 ; spe- 
cial agent of the Lmited States Department 
of Agriculture in Brazil, 1882-83; topo- 
graphical geologist of the Geological Sur- 
vey of Pennsylvania, 1883-85 ; Professor of 
Geology in the University of Indiana, 1885- 
91. and State Geologist of Arkansas, 

"Professor Branner's work in these dif- 
ferent capacities was of a very broad char- 
acter. As State Geologist of Arkansas, he 
published fourteen volumes upon the geol- 
ogy of that State, and has in various stages 
of preparation five additional volumes. He 
has besides published a large number of ar- 
ticles in scientific journals upon the geology 
of Arkansas. His other scientific writings 
relate principally to Brazil, in which country 
he lived and traveled for eight years. His 
acquaintance with South America led to his 
selection as the author of a volume of four 
hundred pages upon the geography and 
physical features of that continent, to be 
published by D. Appleton & Co., about two 
years hence. He is a member of many of 
the leading scientific societies of this coun- 
try, among which are the American Philo- 
sophical Society, the oldest scientific organi- 
zation in America, and the Geological So- 
ciety of America. He is also a member of 
the Geological Society of London and of 
the Societe Geologique de France, and of 
several other foreign societies." 

The baseball nine is practicing on fair 
days, and hopes to arrange games for the 
latter part of this month. Wallace Turnbull 
is manager. 




1895 — Brick-making by the students. 
1896 — Foundations laid. 
1897 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

Cash received to Feb. r, 1899 ■ • $i ( 
Yet needed to complete aud furnish. 1 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer, Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit ihe remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

Cash receipts from July to November, 100 

[896, were: 101 

76. F. M. Gill $5 00 102 

jj. Miss Caroline Willard 100 00 103 

78. Miyawa Kyiyiro 25 00 104 

79. Rev. D. Stuart Dodge, D.D. 100 00 105 

80. Cleveland H. Dodge So 00 J 06 

81. Cash 5 00 107 

82. W. T. Parham 5 00 108 

83. W. E. Parham 5 00 109 

84. Frank Engel 5 00 no 

85. Mrs. Follett 1500 in 

86. Flora Henry 10 00 112 

87. J. J. Mcllvaine 10 00 C 

88. Cecil Cooper 3 00 405 

89. Raymond Cooper 3 00 406 

90. R. H. Hanna 10 00 407 

91. Martha Boardman 2 00 408 

92. Charles Treat 10 400 

93. Mabel Treat 10 410 

94. Anna M. Kingan 1500 411 

95. Mrs. Sarah M. Hood 500 412 

96. Mrs. Lillian M. Webb 1 00 413 

97. A. G. Whitford 300 414 

98. S. S. Second Presbyterian 415 

Church, Jonesboro 10 00 416 

99. R. M. Magill 5 00 

J. E. Tracy 25 00 

John Ott 5 00 

H. A. Baldwin 5 00 

Carrie Brause 50 

Rev. S. E. Henry 5 00 

Hettie Campbell 5 00 

Norman Morrison 1 00 

C. C. Kennedy 2 50 

Walter Breeds 3 00 

Mrs. W. E. Dodge 100 00 

Miss M. E. Henry 3 00 

Prof. S. T. Wilson 25 00 

T. M. Hamilton 15 00 

?h receipts for February, 1899: 

Cora Edington Si 00 

E.H.Ford 1 00 

Charles Magill 2 00 

W. F. Phillips 2 50 

Frank Engel 9 75 

Maud Farnham 1 00 

Rev. A. R. Mcintosh 1 00 

Fred. Foster 1 00 

Rev. Arno Moore 5 00 

George H. Humphrey 5 00 

W. D. Hammontree 1 00 

S. S. Second Presbyterian 

Church, Chattanooga. ... 20 00 



Maryville College Monthly. 

Vol. I. 

MARCH, 1899. 

No. 7. 

ELMER B. WALLER. Editor-in-Chief, 



Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 


Bainonian. Theta Epsilon. 

JOSEPH M. BROADY. > »l- SINESS Managers, 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, !o cents a year; Sin(/te Copies, >"• 

Address all communications to 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Entered at Maryville, Tenn., as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


C. A. Davis, a former student, is in town 
with his familv. 

The next issue of the Monthly will be 
double the present size. 

Mrs. Clyde West is conducting a class in 
elocution in the College. 

H. M. Welsh, '99, has recovered from 
his illness and returned to College. 

W. F. Phillips was married recently to 
Miss Carrie Mundv, of Marvville. 

Tohn C. McClung, a trustee of the Col- 
lege, has had a severe attack of pneumonia. 

Miss Martha Marston, '95, was married 
on February 14 to Mr. Arthur Lee Davis, 
of Weaverville, N. C. 

Prof. S. T. Wilson has been out of Col- 
lege for ten days owing to the critical con- 
dition of his mother's health. 

The Y. M. C. A. conducted the Tuesday 
(February 28) prayer meeting. The subject 
was "Witness Bearing," and a large number 
took part. 

The Y. M. C. A. is indebted to Mr. Col- 
bert for giving it an entertainment with the 
improved Edison Phonograph. A large 

number were present in the chapel and en- 
joyed greatly the different pieces repro- 
duced by the wonderful instrument. 

During two days of the cold weather reci- 
tations in Anderson Hall had to be suspend- 
ed on account of the engine, which drives 
the large fan of the heating system, becom- 
ing disabled. 

The Tuesday Club was organized in 1894 
and federated in 1896. The program for 
the present year has been a study of Spain. 
Its President is Mrs. L. K. Burger. Its 
Vice-President is Mrs. George Toole. 

The Bainonian Society has selected 
Misses Emma Alexander and Ethel Minnis 
to represent the Society in the Adelphic 
Union entertainment at Commencement. 
The Alpha Sigma Society has chosen T. H. 
McConnell and II. C. Rimmer. 

The evangelistic services conducted by 
Dr. S. C. Dickey are happily described by 
President Boardman in an article of this 
issue. Dr. Dickey left Maryville for his 
home at Indianapolis, Ind., on Friday, Feb- 
ruary 24, and a large number of students 
accompanied hiin to the station to bid him 
farewell and God speed. 

The members of the Faculty will give a 
series of three free lectures at different 
towns during the months of April and June. 
The places where arrangements have been 
already made for these lectures are: Madi- 
sonville, Rockford, Bearden, New Market, 
Hebron, Dandridge and South Knoxville. 
The subjects and dates will be announced 

The Chilhowee Literary Club, the pioneer 
Woman's Club of Maryville, was organized 
in 1 89 1 and was federated in 1896. Its motto 
is: "Strive to be what you wish to seem." 
The program for the present year has been 
"Civil Government, Economics and Educa- 
tion in the United States." The officers of 
the Club are as follows: President, Mrs. 
Alice Hopkins Barnes ; Vice-President, 
Miss Fannie Marston ; Recording Secrc- 


tary, Miss Amanda L. Andrews; Corre- 
sponding' Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
Mary J. Newman ; Press Correspondent, 
Mrs. Rosa Caywood. 

The College Brass Band has been re-or- 
ganized, with H. T. Hamilton as leader, 
and is meeting three times a week for prac- 
tice. Both the College and town are inter- 
ested in this organization, and ought to give 
it every possible encouragement. Three 
former members, Albert S. Harris, Charles 
Martin and J. Rol. Simpson, are now in 
Cuba with the Regimental Band of the 
Fourth Tennessee. 

Mr. Vinton, of Brown University, Travel- 
ing Secretary of the Students' Volunteer 
Movement, spent a day in Maryville re- 
cently in the interest of this missionary 
work. He addressed all the students in 
chapel one morning for a few minutes, and 
special meetings were held by the Maryville 
College Volunteer Band and the Y. M.C. A. 
during his visit. More than four thousand 
college students have signed the missionary 
pledge, and twelve hundred of this number 
are already in the foreign field as laborers 
for Christ. 

By joint invitation of the Chilhowee Lit- 
erary Club of the College, and the Tuesday 
Club of the town, the Tennessee Federation 
of Women's Clubs will hold its fourth an- 
nual convention in Maryville, April 12, 13 
and 14. The Federation was organized at 
Knoxville, February, 1896, and was admit- 
ted to the General Federation of Women's 
Clubs the same year. It held its second an- 
nual session at Memphis in 1897, and its 
third annual meeting at Chattanooga in 
1898. Its officers are as follows : President, 
Mrs. W. D. Beard, Memphis; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Charles M. Greaves, Chatta- 
nooga; Recording Secretary, Mrs. Lincoln 
Amburst, Johnson City ; Corresponding 
Secretary, Mrs. Jonathan Tipton, Knox- 
ville; Treasurer, Mrs. W. S. Dickson, Mor- 
ristown ; Auditor, Miss Leah S. Fletcher, 
Cleveland. The President and Vice-Presi- 

dent oi th< General Federal t< >n, Miss 
French (Octave Thanet), Miss Will. 
Dromgoole, Mrs. Candace Whi l< 
York, of the School of Applii 
Mrs. W. A. Giles, Vice-President National 
Civic Society, Chicago: Mrs. Piatt and 
others, are expected to be present. This 
will afford a rare opportunity to the stu- 
dents of our College to meet these cultured 
and refined Women and to hear the import- 
ant and practical topics of the day ably dis- 

14-23, 1899. 


On Tuesday evening, February 14, Rev. 
Solomon C. Dickey, D.D., of Indianapolis. 
Ind., Secretary and General Manager of the 
Winona Assembly, commenced a ten days' 
series of evangelistic services in the Col- 
lege. Profitable meetings have often before 
been held at about the same season of the 
year. The attendance has probably never 
before been so large as this year. The truth 
presented was weighty, clear, searching. 
The illustrations were apt and effective. 
The preacher relied for effect mainly on 
the presence and power of the Holy Ghost. 
and was obviously much engaged in prayer. 
The same was true of teachers and Chris- 
tian students. The Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. 
C. A. had both been for some months in a 
condition of quickened activity and antici- 
pation. Eight circles were formed for es- 
pecial prayer during" the meetings. The 
teachers were a unit in promoting the work. 
Skepticism of any kind is unknown among 
the instructors, and scarcely exists among 
the students. The systematic Bible lesson. 
required of every student once a week 
throughout the year, prepares the way for 
these annual series. Classes are also formed 
in the Y. M. C. A. for the study of the best 
methods of Christian work. There are al- 
ways a goodly number hungering for spir- 
itual blessings and ready for evangelistic 
effort. The meetings assumed especial 
power on Sabbath evening, February 19. 



Perhaps fifty or sixty Christians, in an after- 
meeting, spoke with brevity and simplicity, 
lamenting their lack of greater fidelity in 
religious duties. The cloud seemed to de- 
scend while they were yet speaking. In 
the midst of this sacred service a number of 
persons, who had gone out after the pleach- 
ing, returned, as if impelled by power from 
on high, and some of them afterward arose 
for prayer. During the meetings Dr. 
Dickey engaged much in personal converse 
with the students. He cordially invited 
them to his room, and many gladly came. 
He is younger than many evangelists, 
though he does not claim to be an evan- 
gelist, but has been for most of his profes- 
sional life a pastor and Synodical Secretary. 
He met the students with sympathy and 
ardor, and received their confidence and 
warm affection. He gathered separately 
in the parlor, on successive afternoons, 
those who are intending to enter the min- 
istry ; those who anticipate the medical pro- 
fession ; those who seek the law and busi- 
ness pursuits, and those who are undecided 
in the choice of a vocation for life. These 
meetings were sacred and delightful, and 
will doubtless be followed by very valuable 
results. He met also the young ladies. Dr. 
Dickey conducted morning prayers in the 
College chapel, where all the students and 
teachers, more than three hundred, are 
present, and occupied fifteen minutes, by 
arrangement of the faculty, in addition to 
the usual period. He insisted upon the con- 
stant use of the Bible in the successive ex- 

Verses of Scripture promptly given, 
and sentence prayers offered by large num- 
bers, were very impressive. The meetings 
were cumulative in interest. All felt that 
God was present. Thursday, the last day, 
was notable. The word came in demon- 
stration of the Spirit and of power. All 
were baptized into the cloud. The services 
of Thursday evening were divided into three 
parts. In opening Dr. Dickey presented 
the request made by Elisha to Elijah before 
his translation, "I pray thee, let a double 
portion of thy spirit be upon me." He 

called upon those persons present who were 
over sixty years of age for a few words 
to younger Christians. Ex-President Bart- 
lett ; Elder Gillespie, of Birmingham, Ala., 
who was graduated at Maryville in 1849, 
and President Boardman responded. Their 
addresses were followed by brief remarks 
from a large number of students, stating 
each his supreme religious desire. After 
this a second service was held by the men 
and women separately ; the one collected in 
the northern and the other in the southern 
half of the chapel, with the folding doors 
drawn down between them. Miss Stella 
Eakin, '94, conducted the women's meet- 
ing. The services in both sections were of 
deep interest. For a third exercise all were 
again brought together. Christians were 
requested to stand up, and formed a large 
majority of the audience. Others were in- 
vited to rise if they desired the prayers of 
Christians. Four or five hundred persons 
were present. Many arose for prayer. It 
was a day much to be remembered. Power 
was present to heal. How many were con- 
verted we know not. God knows. Doubt- 
less it shall be recorded to eternity that this 
and that man were born there. The king- 
dom of God cometh not with observation. 
Decisions were perhaps less numerous than 
on some former occasions. The meetings 
were characterized rather by the unwonted 
elevation of experience on the part of Chris- 
tians. One was reminded of the time when 
"none of the disciples durst ask him. Who 
art thou? knowing that it was the Lord," 
and of that occasion when "They were all 
amazed, and they glorified God. and were 
filled with fear, saying, We have seen 
strange things to-day." This, like every 
revival, was an invincible answer to agnosti- 
cism. God was present. Consciousness was 
his witness. Experience afforded sunlight 
evidence. Such evidence will, we believe, 
accumulate in mightier revivals than the 
world has yet seen. All shadows shall melt 
away before that noondav sun. 

Program of the midwinter entertain- 
ment of the Athenian Literary Society, Jan. 
20, 1899: 
Invocation Rev. O. C. Pevton 


I 2'j 

Piano Duet — Overture, "Semiramis". . 


Mrs. Bartlett and Miss Per ine. 

Essay — Permanency of Savage Insti- 
tutions J. E. Tracy, '02 

Vocal — Oueen of the Earth Pinsuti 

W. R. Jones. 

Oration — The Argonauts of '98 

R. B. Elmore, '00 

Vocal— Selected. .A. L. S. Male Quartette 

Debate — Resolved, That England's 
"Imperial" Policy Be Commend- 

ed. — Affirmative, Edwin Ellis 
Negative, Arthur G. Hull, '02. 

Vocal — Come to Me benza 

Miss Stella Eakin. 

Oration — A Neglected Hero 

J. Q. Wallace 

Vocal — The Bandolero Smart 

Will. Bartlett, '01. 

The Athenian Will Harmon 

Vocal — Selected. .A. L. S. Male Quartette 
Benediction. . .Rev. S. W. Boardman, D.D. 

Davis s Physical 


This text-book presents the lead- 
ing principles of physical geog- 
raphy in a form adapted to the 
needs of pupils in secondary 
schools. The subject is treated as 
dealing with "the physical envir- 

G4t merit of man. " The description of the geographical 

.^ -~ s^t^i. ** _ grx i-> -g r controls by which man's ways of living are deter- 
PClKji^\ If 111/ mined constitutes the main theme of the book. 

V- \J JSL ■*■ **r P^ A A 7 t The chief headings are : The Earth as a Globe, 

the Atmosphere, the Oceans, and the Lands. The 
greatest amount of space is given to the subject 
under the last heading, which is divided into sev- 
eral chapters, following a method of treatment de- 
veloped by the senior author and thoroughly tested 
in the Harvard summer courses on physical geog- 

Especial care has been taken to adapt the de- 
scriptions and explanations to the capacity of pupils 
in higher schools. Unusual technical terms have 
been excluded almost wholly. Geometrical and physical explanations have been set apart 
in Appendix, in order that the progress of pupils who have not studied geometry and phys- 
ics may not be embarrassed. Photographs of natural scenery have been freely used for illus- 
trations of the actual facts of nature. Typical land forms are shown in drawings. Outline 
maps serve to give definiteness to nearly every locality mentioned in the text, so that no 
atlas need be referred to when using the book. 


Designed by William M. Davis, Professor of Physical Geography in Harvard Univer- 
sity. Price, per set of three, $20.00. Descriptive circulars sent postpaid on application. 

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers. 

Boston. Bfew York, Chicago^ Atlanta. Dallas. 


By William Florris Davis, Professor of 
Physical Geography in Harvard Univer- 
sity, assisted by Wm. H Snyder, Master 
in Science in Worcester Acaderav. 

12mo. Cloth. 428 pages. Illustrated. 
For introduction. $1.25. . 


Andrew Gamble. 


McTEER & GAMBLE, The Bank of Maryville, Dep s o ^ c 

Attorneys & Counsellors. 


Office: Up Stai 
rvlat-yv'ille, ot 

3, over E5ai 

Main Str 


Offers to the people of Blount County 
a safe and reliable depository for 
their funds, guaranteeing Fair and 
Honorable Treatment, Careful and 
Prompt Attention 

Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities. Interest Paid 
on all Time Deposits. 

Represent the Old Aetna, Penn. Fire, Firemann 
and the Southern Fire Insurance Companies. 


P. M. Bartlett, Pres. Win. A. McTeer, V.-P. ~l 
Jo. Burger, Cashier. J. A.Goddard, Asi't Cash. 


•*K»" ^PP W 







REV. S. W. BOAEDMAN, I>. I)., EL. D., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 

and of Didactic Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature. 

and of the. Spanish 'Language. 

Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor. Registrar and Librarian. 

Professor of the Greek Language and Literature. 

Professor of the Natural Sciences. 


Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
fessor of the Science and Art of Teaching. 

Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study — the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teacheb's. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President's 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of wiuerworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College 'under the 
care of the Stxod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 


Instructor In the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 


Matr _>n. 



Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 


Competent and experienced nstructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only §0.00 per 
term, or §12.00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only §3.00 per term, or §6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, §3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumental music at low 
rates. Boaisd at Co-OPEiiAHVE Boahding 
Club only about §1.20 pei: Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from §2.00 to 
§2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, §75. (Mi to §125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1S99. 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, Maryyii.t e, Texn. 

Absent on leave at Y'ale Universin 

■i- Absent on leavj at Chicago L'ulversitj 

Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

APRIL, 1899. 



The January number of the Davidson 
College Magazine of North Carolina, has 
an article entitled "A Plea for Popular Ed- 
ucation in North Carolina.'' The argu- 
ments and statements made in this forcible 
presentation of the lamentable condition ot 
the public schools of North Carolina, are, 
for the most part, applicable to the State of 
Tennessee, so that almost the entire article 
is quoted. 

"For centuries the better classes have 
had the advantages of an education. It is 
the common man who has been neglected. 
And this is especially true of the common 
man in North Carolina. He has been neg- 

lected because we have not freed ourselves 
from the influences of feudalism. Because 
we have allowed ourselves to be dominated 
by the aristocratic idea. It is true that in 
the days of our forefathers the social struc- 
ture was to a slight extent aristocratic, but 
the masses of the people were common peo- 
ple, and, like the common people in most 
lands a hundred years ago. were ignorant 
The prevalent idea of education was that h 
was a luxury for the rich, or if a necessity, 
a necessitv for only a few, and these few the 
ruling class. An education was considered 
by the masses of the people to be a special 
privilege belonging only to the rich. They 
grew up in ignorance and darkness, neither 
aspiring to nor desiring an education. 



"In studying the history of our State, we 
see, at a later period, a movement in the 
direction of popular education. The prime 
factor in this movement was the pulpit. 
The school house was built beside the 
church, and the preacher had charge of 
them both. At first, following the example 
of the monastic schools of the Old World, 
these schools were established for the edu- 
cation of preachers, but they fast broad- 
ened out into schools of general culture. 
Still it was the sons and the daughters of 
the better classes who were educated. The 
conception of education was a class con- 

"And we have not yet entirely freed our- 
selves from this class conception of educa- 
tion. Study the social conditions of North 
Carolina to-day. In this social study we 
must not give undue value to any particu- 
lar class. One man must be regarded as of 
as great importance as another. From our 
infancy we have heard of the brave deed? 
and noble acts of our ancestors, and have 
been willing to accept the laurels that they 
won. We have been, to some extent, blind- 
ed by our traditions, so that we have never 
looked ourselves in the face and seen our- 
selves as others see us. A great many peo- 
ple think that the intelligence of North 
Carolina is at least up to the average of the 
United States. They think that we are now 
doing as much as is necessary for the edu- 
cation of the people. But what are the facis 
in the case? 

"The average length of the public schools 
in the United States is seven months. 
North Carolina has a term of sixty-three 
days. The average cost in the United 
States to educate each child at school is 
$iS.q8 a year. In North Carolina we pay 
$3.40 a year for each child. Furthermore, 
out of forty-nine States and Territories, 
North Carolina has the shortest school 
term, pays teachers least and expends least 
in proportion to the number of children at 

"Hence we should expect the people of 
our State to be the least educated of all in 
the Union. And so they are, except in six 

States that have a larger proportion of 
negro or Indian population. But, exclud- 
ing negroes and foreign immigrants, and 
counting only the native white population, 
North Carolina is the most illiterate of all, 
except the Territory of New Mexico. 
About one-fourth of our white people over 
the age of ten can not read. To be exact, 
the illiteracy is twenty-three per cent. The 
enormity of this appears when we remem- 
ber that there are seventeen States with 
less than two per cent, of illiteracy among 
their native population, and that in thirty- 
seven States the white people are not half 
so illiterate as in North Carolina. 

"The reasons usually given for not edu- 
cating the children are that the people are 
too poor and that the taxes, are too high. 
Our tax-rate at present is the lowest of any 
State in the Union, except Nevada and 
Idaho. Including the special local taxes, 
the whole school tax, compared with the 
wealth of the State, amounts to only a little 
more than eighteen cents on each hundred 
dollars of listed property, while the average 
for the Lmion is something more than 
thirty-seven cents. No man is too poor to 
educate his children. It is this doctrine 
that has made us poor and kept us poor. 
It has driven more wealth from the State 
and has kept more away than any other 
doctrine, for no man is willing to risk his 
capital in a State where ignorance and vice, 
with all their superstitions and degrada- 
tion, rule nearly one-fourth of the people. 
This is the doctrine that fosters supersti- 
tion and ignorance, for one ignorant gen- 
eration begets another more ignorant and 
degraded than itself. 

"But if we wish to educate the rising gen- 
eration, we must spend more money upon 
our public schools. The best way to raise 
this money, and the only sensible way, is 
by local taxation. That is, by each commu- 
nity taxing itself as much as may be nec- 

"This is proved by the fact that the only 
communities in our State that have good 
public schools are those that have good 
local school tax, and our State is not the 


•exception. The experience of other States 
proves the same. Two-thirds of the school 
fund in the Linked States is raised by local 
taxes. There are thirteen States that have 
no general school tax, but rely altogether 
on local taxes. And it is a noticeable fact 
that these States have the best schools in 
the Union. Our State is immensely rich 
in undeveloped natural resources, and all 
that is needed to make it blossom with pros- 
perity is an intelligent citizenship. The 
greatest problem before us, and one that 
must be solved sooner or later, is the re- 
adjustment of our social life and machinery. 
Let us not forget the fact that it is the com- 
mon man who will hereafter rule. Are our 
children to be ruled by superstition and 
ignorance, or shall they be ruled by justice 
and truth ? Shall our future rulers come 
from the huts and hovels of poverty and 
vice, or shall they come from the homes of 
prosperity and virtue? Shall they be the 
tools in the hands of a few corrupt politi- 
cians, or shall they be men who will know 
the right and will dare to do it? When we 
realize results of superstition and ignor- 
ance, will we not resolve to do all in our 
power for the education of the people ? Let 
us then resolve that every child in the Com- 
monwealth, be he white or black, rich or 
poor, shall be given an opportunity to make 
the best of himself that he can." 

The Holston Christian Advocate, pub- 
lished at Knoxville, and edited by Rev. 
James I. Cash, pastor of the Methodist 
Church, South, of Maryville, has an article 
on "The Common School" in the issue 01 
January 12, 1899, in which the editor says: 

"In a recent 'Open Letter' to the Tenn- 
essee Legislature we invited attention to 
the common schools of the State. To most 
of the sober, sensible folks of the country 
it is already apparent that 'we must educate 
•or perish.' 

"Tennessee has advanced in some partic- 
ulars ; in others she has not. And the pres- 
ent Legislature should render decided as- 
sistance just now. Our State's craft is to- 
day where 'two seas' meet, and those con- 
trolling- the vessel should handle her well 

and wisely: unfaithfulne 
may invite irretrievable di : 

"The expenditure, based on 
tendance, per capita for public school pupils 
in the United States is 818.92: but Ten- 
nessee allows the pittance of $4.69. The 
average length of school term in the United 
States is 140 days, but this State provide; 
only 92. Facts are cold friends now and 
then, but they are always faithful friends. 

"Let the Legislature devise liberal things 
for the children, the poor children of the 
'Volunteer State' ; and let the respective 
counties sanction wise legislation on the 
part of their representatives. Unity and 
co-operation among the general and local 
leaders will shortly lift Tennessee out of the 

"Led by the wise and provident manage- 
ment of Professor Waller, of Maryville Col- 
lege, Blount County is now making an at- 
tempt to introduce schools of five months' 
duration. . . . Replying to the wail, 'the 
county can't afford it,' the Professor pens 
the following: 

" 'The tax rate this year is Si. 25 per Sioo. 
The assessed valuation of the county is 
$2,425,000. The two banks in Maryville 
have about $200,000 in assets, which belong 
mostly to citizens of the county. Within 
the past few years three new brick churches 
have been erected in Maryville alone, at a 
cost of $25,000 (while the total valuation of 
all the ninety-three school houses in the 
county is only $13,000). War pensions paid 
into the county amount to $30,000 a year. 
Last vear the farmers of the county bought 
100 binders at $125 each: 150 mowers at 
$45 each, and about $12,000 worth of com- 
mercial fertilizers. These few facts show 
that the town people and farmers are pros- 
perous and can afford an increased tax for 

"In keeping with the foregoing, we take 
pleasure in closing this article by present- 
ing the public with an extract from the late 
message of Governor Taylor: 

" 'In this electric age it requires the edu- 
cation of the masses to build up a youthful 
and happy citizenship. Our nation can no: 



lead and excel other nations unless its peo- 
ple are more enlightened than the people 
of other nations. Tennessee can not taive 
her place in the front rank of the States 
which lead other States unless she gives 
constant and liberal encouragement to ner 
public schools.' " 

The attempt to increase the number of 
school days to five months in Blount Coun- 
ty had its origin fifteen months ago. A pe- 
tition, signed by 500 persons, was presented 
to the County Court at its January meeting 
in 1898, asking the court to increase the tax 
for school purposes. This petition was de- 
nied by a vote of about 12 to 24. 

A second attempt was made at the Janu- 
ary court of 1899. Before this meeting, 200 
pamphlets, containing some school statis- 
tics and statements, had been distributed in 
the county and sent to the magistrates, in 
order that this important subject might re- 
ceive from them the thought and attention 
which it deserved. 

The following extracts are taken from 
this pamphlet, which contained also the pe- 
tition presented to the County Court: 

Some Public School Statistics of Blount 
County, Tenn., for the Year 1898: 







9 and 19. 




















533 I 

522 I 

359 ! 
223 I 
201 j 
^33 i 





337 I 167I no 




19 I 53 
131 .... 
126 ! 60 




1501 127 




291 I 160 I 95 


54! 130 

Scholastic population last year. . . 7,074. 

Number of schools . 93 

Number of teachers 96 

Average number of days taght. . . 90 
Average monthly salary of teach- 
ers $23.00 

Total expenditure last year 12,833.02 

Expenditure per capita 1.81 

School expenditure per pupil (based on- 
average attendance): 

United States. Tennessee. Blount Co. 
$18.92. $4.69. ($4.00.) 

Average length of school term, in days: 
United States. Tennessee. Blount Co. 
140. 92. 90. 

The following objections are sometimes 
made to increasing the tax rate for school- 
purposes : 

First ( >bjection. — "I don't believe in the 
public school system." 

Answer. — The people of the United 
States do believe in the system, as is shown 
by the above statistics. 

Second Objection. — "I think the teachers 
of our county are of no account." 

Answer. — The same statement might be 
made of any one, and yet not be true. The- 
law of supply and demand, however, applies 
to teachers. 

Third Objection. — "I would favor an in- 
crease in the tax rate for schools if the chil- 
dren would attend them better." 

Answer. — The children do not attend as 
they should, or as they would, if the count} 
had longer and better schools, and if the 
parents would take more interest in them. 
Will you punish, however, helpless children 
who would attend because there are some- 
who will not attend? 

Fourth Objection. — "I don't think the 
county can afford it." 

(The answer to this is given above.) 
The following section is taken from "Th^- 
Public School Laws of Tennessee": 

"Sec. 39. When the money derived from 
the school funds and taxes imposed by the 
State on the counties shall not be sufficient 
to keep up 2. public school for five months 
in the vear in the school districts in the 



county, the County Court shall levy an ad- 
ditional tax sufficient for this purpose, or 
shall submit the proposition to a vote of the 
people, and may levy a tax to prolong the 
schools beyond the five months, said tax to 
be levied on all property, polls and privi- 
leges liable to taxation, but shall not exceed 
the entire State tax." 

"Petition. — We, the undersigned, citi- 
zens of Blount County, Tennessee, and 
voters in the districts set opposite our 
names, do respectfully petition the Wor- 
shipful County Court to so increase the 
rate of tax for school purposes, that at 
least the law of Tennessee, directing the 
County Courts to keep up the Public School 
for five months in the year, may be com- 
plied with." 

The second petition was presented to the 
County Court on January 2, 1899, by a 
committee of ladies and gentlemen. An ex- 
ceptionally able paper was read in favor of 
granting the petition by Mrs. M. A. Lamar, 
who, in company with Miss Nina Cunning- 
ham, had been appointed to co-operate in 
this work by the Chilhowee Literary So- 
ciety, of Maryville. Speeches were also 
made in favor of the petition by Hon. Will 
A. McTeer, Superintendent J. F. Iddins 
and Prof. Elmer B. Waller. 

The Court paid very respectful attention 
to all that was said, but when the vote was 
taken the petition was denied by a vote of 
about 1 1 to 22, and the tax rate was fixed at 
$1.25 for the year 1899. 

An increase of five cents on the school 
fund would have made the average of five 

A third attempt in 1900 may be success- 
ful, but there is at present no particular 
sign of encouragement. 

The conditions of other counties in Ten- 
nessee are probably similar to Blount Coun- 
ty, except that those counties which con- 
tain cities or large towns are more progres- 
sive in school affairs. 

The philosophy of the lack of interest in 
the public schools is given correctly by tin- 
writer in the Davidson College Magazine; 

i. e., too many are dominated by the aris- 
tocratic idea of education. 

At first thought this may sei m 
gruous, especially in East Tennessee, where 
every one is conscious of his equality with 
every one else, and where there is so little 
class distinction. But old aristocratic ideas 
may remain even where the people are in 
most respects intensely democratic. The 
very spirit of personal independence and 
the ultra-conservatism of the people make 
t!i em think along the lines of the past — that 
education is a luxury, and that, in fairness, 
no one ought to be educated at the expense 
of his neighbors. The class conception of 
education prevailed in England for many 
years after the system of public schools had 
been successfully inaugurated in the United 
States. The common people, however, fol- 
lowed the example of the Luited States and 
combated the aristocratic idea of educa- 
tion, until now their school privileges are 
but little inferior to our own. When, how- 
ever, the common people themselves hold 
the aristocratic idea in regard to any prob- 
lem, the solution is more difficult and dis- 



The sun had just risen, and shone bright- 
ly red over the waters of the little bay of 
Lbatuba. The tide was coming in. and the 
waves rose high up to the roughly cut stone 
wall of the harbor. The morning air was 
cool, and the inhabitants of the little sea- 
port were all astir. In the market place, 
near the beach, business was eagerlv car- 
ried on, and cabbage, farinha. black beans 
and mandioca, the favorite vegetables of the 
Brazilians, were selling in great quantities, 
while fishermen were coming in from the 
harbor carrying about on long poles pink 
and blue fishes. 

Ubatuba is a miserable little place, with 
low clay and brick houses, its only orna- 
mental building being the tasteless white 
church. Life is usually very slow here: 
only if the tinkling of the bells and the buz*. 



of firecrackers announce some saint's day. 
the farmers of the neighborhood will be 
seen crowding into the city to perform their 
devotion and do their shopping. 

The harbor in itself is insignificant, and 
visited only by coast steamers : there is 
little commerce going on, and yet what 
fashionable watering place in northern re- 
gions could stand the comparison with this 
scenery? From the shade of roval palm 
trees the spectator looks out on the blue 
rocking ocean, which is tamer here than on 
northern shores, and throws at his feet 
many-colored shells, while behind him tow- 
ers the mighty Serra, with its green and 
blue tinged rocks and its veils of white 

( >n the stone wall of the harbor, with her 
feet touching the foaming wavelets, sat 3, 
lonely woman. Her big, bony frame was 
wrapped in a coarse white linen dress ; her 
srms were bare, and showed muscles as 
strong as a man's. Masculine, too, were 
her features — the broad, low forehead, the 
resolute mouth, with some dark down on 
her upper lip. Only her hair, her only or- 
nament, gave her a more womanly appear- 
ance. It was unusually long, and fell in 
two blue-black braids over the coarse but 
blamelessly white garment. The woman 
might count some forty or fifty years of 
age, but white threads in her hair and a 
sad, sinister expression made her look old- 
er. She had been sitting there some time, 
watching the movement of the sea, but no- 
body approached her because they all knew 
the Senhora, or Francesca, and her strange 
ways. About twelve years ago she had 
come, bundle in hand, over the Serra. In 
the bundle had been money, much money 
The judge of the place had seen it for him- 
self. She had gone to him to ask him if 
there was no house for sale in the neighbor- 
hood of the I) each. They offered her a little 
clav hut whose only ornaments were two 
enormous cocoa palms and a little bit of a 
garden, and Francesca had paid the sum 
they asked her and entered her new home. 
Since that day she lived her life away from 
the rest of the inhabitants of the village- 

Nobody knew where she came from; no- 
body dared to ask her story. She had care- 
fully planted the little garden and raised 
vegetables more abundantly than they were 
to be had in any other place. People of- 
fered to buy them from her, but she had 
answered that they were just sufficient for 
her, and that settled the matter. 

What could Francesca see in the waves 
that she was watching for hours? Certain- 
ly nothing bright and cheering, for her 
stern features did not relax at the sight of, 
the highly tinted water. Now a wave came 
along, rolling slowly, higher than the oth- 
ers, and when it reached the wall where 
Francesca was seated its white foam, 
breaking in a thousand fragments, fell 
down on her black tresses, and with a 
scornful and defiant smile on her lips Fran- 
cesca got up, turned her back on the sea 
and walked slowly toward her home. 

But what had happened there? Before 
the door of her hut stood a crowd of people 
eager to get a view of the interior, and 
never noticing Francesca's approach. She 
was beside herself. "'Away, all of you ! 
Away from my house!" she cried. All 
turned around at the sound of her voice, 
and soon ensued a confusion of eager an- 
swers: "Pardon us, Francesca; but look 
at the mocinha (young girl) !" and they 
pointed toward the interior of the hut. 
"She says she is your sister's child. She 
crossed the Serra all by herself; nay, she 
even came by herself from Rio de Janeiro." 
Francesca pushed the crowd aside with he- 
strong arms. "It is well," she crPI; "but 
now go away from here all of you !" And 
everybody thought it better to leave her to 

Inside the hut there sat on the only low 
stool, near Francesca's bed, a young girl, 
some fifteen or sixteen years of age, tall and 
slender, clad in some poor tattered rags. 
Her skin was white, her loose hair was of a 
golden brown, and her eyes were of change- 
able colors, now blue, now deep brown. 

"Aunt Francesca," said the girl, rising 
and looking fearlessly into the eyes of the 
tall angry woman, "my mother, your sister 






Angeline, sends you her last farewell. She 
died of yellow fever two weeks ago." The 
voice of the speaker was expressionless and 
not a muscle moved in her slim face. Fran- 
•cesca looked piercingly at her for a mo- 
ment; then she turned around to the fire- 
place. A pan with boiling rice stood there. 
She put something of its contents on a 
plate, put a spoon on it and gave it to her 
guest. "Eat!" she said, curtly. The girl 
obeyed. It seemed that she had not tasted 
food for a long time. Slowly first, on ac- 
count of the heat; then quicker she swal- 
lowed everything, till there was not one 
grain of rice left on the plate. 

"Where is your father?" Francesca asked 
her next. "I don't know him." Francesca 
gave a short cough. "Well, thus the poor 
fool has reaped the reward of her folly!" 
she exclaimed. "Why do you call my 
mother a fool?" asked the girl. "Because 
she became the wife of a man ; because she 
preferred slavery to liberty !" "Are all men 
bad?" asked the girl, in a reflective tone; 
"no," she continued, eagerly, "the strange 
physician down in Rio was good, verv 
good!" "Maybe he appeared so to you, 
child," said Francesca ; "the best of them 
even practice only hypocrisy. But how did 
you get here — nobody knew where I was?" 

"In the hospital where my mother lav 
dying was a sick Spanish woman. She 
often spoke to my mother, consoling her 
that now she was going to a better world. 
This woman had in her days of health been 
about selling pictures of the dear saints, 
and had come on a small vessel to this very 
port. She told me how she met, near the 
beach, a strange woman who got very 
angry when she offered her for sale her 
pretty colored pictures. She described the 
woman. 'It must have been Sister Fran- 
cesca!' exclaimed my mother. Then she 
asked the Spanish woman how one might 
reach this place, traveling over land, and 
the woman told her all about it. When my 
mother died, three days after this, the good 
physician gave me money. I first went on 
the train, and then I traveled on foot with 
some people whose language I did not un- 

derstand, but who frequently said the word 
'Ubatuba' to me. They were men and 
women with long yellow hair. They were 
kind, and shared their food with me, till 
about two days ago. They remained be- 
hind in a place on the other side of the 

"You passed the Serra by yourself. Had 
you no fear of the jaguars?" 

"I saw none — only a small monkey and 
an oncelot, but those were afraid of me." 

"What is your name?" 


"You have my sister's face, Beatriz," said 
Francesca, "and therefore you may stay 
with me. If you had the features of that 
fellow, I do not know if I could endure you. 
I will give you a roof to shelter you, and 
food and clothing as much as you want, 
only promise me never to go farther from 
here than to the beach, and never to speak 
to anybody about you or me." 

"I promise, and I thank you," said the 

The first days of their companionship 
passed without either of them speaking to 
the other. After a while, however, in spite 
of hei apparent bitter feeling toward every 
human being, Francesca seemingly took a 
liking for her young companion. She be- 
gan to put questions about the great city of 
Rio. The girl had seen the splendor there- 
of, it is true, but had tasted of its misery and 
poverty 7 , too. There was one thing which 
satisfied Francesca: Though her sister An- 
geline had been abandoned by her husband 
in misery, yet in her need she had not, like 
so many others of her sex, allowed herself 
to be dragged down into the filth and cor- 
ruption of the great city. She had taken 
refuge in a distant suburb together with 
her child, and had lived there as a lace- 
worker as lonely and quietly as Francesca 
here on the seashore. Then the last sum 
mer had come ; there had been little rain, 
and the provision of water was in many 
places of the city very poor at its best. Then 
fever had broken out — the dreadful vellow 
fever. The terrible disease respected neith- 
er person nor position. It took hold of the 



merchant on his way to the bank, of the 
sailor who crossed the blue bay, of the beg- 
ging negro at the church gates, and the 
priests who served at the altar. 

One day, early in the morning, Angeline, 
the lace-maker, left her house to carry her 
work that was to adorn the Scripture of a 
priest, to a distant suburb. Beatriz waited 
in vain all day long for her return. Long 
after the sun had disappeared behind the 
high peaks of the Serra, an elegant low 
carriage drove up before the miserable cot- 
tage. The foreign physician who spoke her 
language so kindly, though in broken ac- 
cent, told Beatriz that she must come with 
him to her mother, who had fallen sick 
and now lay in St. Sebastian's Hospital 
Only poor people were carried there, while 
the rich found comfort and good treatment 
in the Santa Casa da Misericordia. But 
even the best reatment would not have 
saved poor Angeline from the claws of the 
dreadful disease. Her body had grown 
weak and weary by a whole lifetime grief 
by privations and long night watches, yet 
had she a comfort. Beatriz, her child, 
would not be alone in the world. Her sis- 
ter, long thought dead, who once had 
turned away from her in anger, was found 
again. The description of the sick Spanish 
woman did not leave any doubt. 

Was it possible for Francesca to hate her 
dead sister still ? Had not she been pun- 
ished for her folly ? Francesca sat there in a 
deep study. The murmuring of the waves 
and the whispering of the palm leaves 
stirred by the evening breeze were the onlv 
sounds that might nave disturbed her re- 
flections, but those sounds were dear and 
familiar to her as an old cradle song. How 
the girl beside her reminded her of her sis- 
ter ! Beatriz had been blooming into life 
like a rose in these past weeks of rest and 
contentment. She wore the same coarse 
white dress as Francesca, buc her golden 
brown hair, the delicate color of her face, 
the beautifully formed arms, made one for 
get her simple garb. 

"How pretty she is ; prettier than An- 
geline, and she is one of my own sex. By 

all the saints in heaven, ; intn 

still, J will guard her from an equal fate 
murmured Francesca to herself. 

Francesca's pride and joy was her little 
garden, with its flowers and 
which she cherished like beloved child 
and among which she spent many an hour 
Seeing her thus occupied, Beatriz frequent- 
ly went down to the shore, which seemed 
to have for her the same attraction it has 
for Francesca. One day she returned with 
shining eyes to her aunt, who was busy on 
the ground tending her carnation bed. 

"Aunt," she said, "I met a man near the 
beach. I do not know where he came from. 
but he can talk, Aunt ; quite wonderfully so. 
He talks about strange countries which he 
has \dsited, but he is as poor as I am ; but 
the captain took him everywhere on then- 
voyage, because he is so accomplished." 

Francesca had risen at Beatriz's first 
words, and now she stood in sinister aston • 
ishment before the young girl. 

"Did I not tell you not to gossip with 

"But I did not speak one single word. 
Aunt ; it was he who addressed me. I did 
not even bid him good-day." 

"That is all the same, however. I can't 
forbid you the free air of heaven, yet I want 
you to promise me one thing. Say, did you 
really not speak one single word?" 

"By all the saints in heaven, not one 
word !" 

"Well, then, you will not in the future 
speak one word to him, either. May he 
believe that you are dumb, and you may 
listen to his gossip ; as for the rest, I am 
here to watch over you." 

Thus Beatriz went every day down to 
the beach to listen to the talk of the young 
mariner, who grew to like the beautiful, 
dark girl more and more, yet they had told 
him in the village that she could talk if she 
wanted, but he did not believe it: for if. in- 
deed, she had the gift of speech, why would 
she never reply to one of his questions as 
to whether she liked him, when she at the 
same time showed by the light in her eyes 
that she cared for his company. On days 



when Francesca went down with her niece 

to the shore, the young fellow never ap- 
peared. On those occasions Beatriz looked 
dejected and listlessly replied to her aunt's 

Thus they were seated one night near the 
shore when Beatriz suddenly roused her- 
self from her dreams. "Aunt, I must 
speak: it kills me to be silent. I do love 
Joaquim, and if be again asks me to go with 
him as bis wife, I shall say yes !" 

Francesca listened to this almost without 
emotion. Her eyes were fixed on a distant 
white sail. At last she asked very quietly, 
"Do you know what love really is?" 

"Yes. Auntie : it is the one thing beautiful 
in this world !" 

"Poor child! look at the sea and its 
beauty ; how regularly it breathes, how ebb 
and tide keep their appointed time ; look 
at the sun that is setting yonder, and that 
did so much good as long as day lasted ; 
look at the Serra, at the white clouds, at the 
pure azure of the sky, at the stately palm 
tree, the snow-white blossoms of the cac- 
tus — they are creatures of God, all of 
them ; we know them a long time ; they 
have given us the true enjoyment : as long 
as we can think in them is the only thing 
true, beautiful, unchangeable and pure 
There is no strife, no passion, no slavery, 
no poison that kills the soul ! Look at me ! 
Before Angeline was befooled I became the 
wife of a man. The paltry sum of money 
which my father left me allured the miser- 
able wretch. I was young, then; I did not 
know that I had become a slave by my own 
free will, a slave without rights of her own. 
And thus it is with all women. That which 
they call love' is in the best of cases only 
like a thin gilding over a wooden image, 
ugly, like the one of St. Francis at the 
church gate, which, since it lost its gilding, 
has not one single devotee. I do not know 
if the sin of the first woman was reallv 
great enough to bring down upon her and 
upon all her sex such a terrible punishment. 
They say that the communion of man and 
wife is the will of the Creator. May that be 
so. but one thine: I know, that we are free 

like all other creatures only so long as we 
do not serve man ! Beatriz, I do not know 
reallv if it is love. I feel for you, but look- 
ing at vour eyes and your features, you 
seem to be Angeline again, pure and inno- 
cent. I could not guard her, but you I will 
guard against the worst that can befall a 
woman. I have money, more than you 
think. Speak the word, and I will go 
away with you, far away into another coun- 
try ; wherever you want to go. You shall 
have finery to wear more than you want — 
only promise me that you will forget that 

"If I coidd promise!" sighed Beatriz. 

"Child, noor child! vou do not know 
what you are saying. Beatriz, I prefer to 
see you dead rather than to see you dragged 
down into the corruption of this earth !" 

"Yes, oh, yes; if I were dead I would be 
with the dear saints and with my mother," 
said the girl, musingly. 

"Your mother? Yes, did you forget her?" 
continued Francesca, eagerly. "She is 
looking down from heaven upon you. She 
would like to shelter you. Would you af- 
flict her thus?" 

In Francesca's soul the belief in a heaven 
and in holy things had died long ago, but 
she did not disdain now to appeal in this 
hour to the girl's piety to gain the end she 

"Mav be you are lonely?" she continued 
"You would like to see more of life. To- 
morrow is St. Paul's day. I shall take you 
to hear mass. There will be many people 
and beautiful music, and even to-day I shall 
go and buy a dress in the loja prettier than 
vou ever saw one before in your life. Come. 
child, let us go and buy it. Come!" 

The next morning when the bells rang 
for morning mass, and the worshipers 
crowded into the little church, everybody 
was astonished to see Francesca, the her- 
mit, and her niece, kneeling before the 
shrine of the saint. The young girl wore a 
dress of lemon-colored silk, and carried a 
costly fan of many-colored plumes, which 
every woman envied her. Francesca ap- 
peared stately and different from her usual 



homely aspect in a black trailing dress, her 
blue-black hair gathered up by a large gold 
comb. When mass was over both women 
went out with the crowd into the open 
square before the church, where, in spite 
of the dazzling sunshine, a bonfire was 
made in honor of the saint. The bells tin- 
kled merrily, but Beatriz stood sadly in the 
gay crowd. Of a sudden she felt a light 
touch on her shoulder, and turning round 
she saw the one she was thinking of — Joa- 
quim, with sunburnt face and eyes that 
looked darker and more brilliant under the 
broad hat, and with a merry smile on his 

Beatriz had turned round only for a mo- 
ment, but Francesca noticed the movement 
and guessed all. 

She had a feeling as if a sharp knife was 
piercing her. "Too late; ah, too late!" 

Was it really too late? She had passed 
her youth in a little Portuguese seaport. 
She, the ugly one of the family, was never 
noticed beside her beautiful sister. How- 
ever, at last there came one that seemed 
to prefer her, who told her that he loved 
her because she showed more courage than 
any other girl of the place. He possessed 
a. little sailing craft, and promised to take 
her with him on his trips to the west of 
the Mediterranean. She always had a will 
of her own, and followed that man without 
listening to the advice of her people. When 
she had been gone six months, she came 
back on board of a French vessel, whose 
captain had found her in the streets of Al- 
giers, and who carried her home out of 
pity. She never told what she suffered to 
any one. Soon after this she sold the lit- 
tle farm that had been her father's and took 
her younger sister over to Brazil. Ange- 
line lav in her grave ; the rest of the world 
was nothing to Francesca. The only 
things she manifested a liking for were the 
dumb creatures, flowers and plants, and the 
sea that, since her childhood, had exercised 
a strange, mysterious influence over her. 
Of late her heart had turned toward the 
child of her dead sister, but this liking was 
doomed to come to an untimely end ! A 

strange robber stretched forth 1 

seize upon her newly-founi 

no! things must not come to this. 

whole nature, in enmity against the whe 

human race, but especially again -t the male 

sex, revolted against this ending. 

not show Beatriz what she had noticed, nor 

what she felt. 

"Come!" she soon said, "we will go 
home. It is getting too hot." 

Beatriz followed reluctantly, yet she- 
dared not contradict, for fear she would be- 
tray her secret and her lover. 

Once at home. Francesca took off her 
holiday dress and wrapped herself in her 
usual coarse, white costume. 

Beatriz stood adorned yet with her finery 
near the doorway and looked out into the 
garden with its shining white sand path, its 
bright red carnations and cabbage plants. 
Francesca all at once laid her hand on the 
voung girl's shoulder. "Look at me;" she 
continued, "is it yet your will and purpose 
to sacrifice your life to that stranger and 
to lose your liberty and woman's dignity?' 
Beatriz looked down a moment half re- 
pentingly, then she raised her pretty head 
with a defiant gesture. "Yes," she replied 
Francesca did not speak any more. She 
turned round with her lips firmly closed to 
her occupation near the fireplace. 

When it grew evening she told the girl to 
come with her to the beach. The full 
moon was coming up, and the sand on the 
shore glimmered like silver, the wind mur- 
mured in the palm trees, and from a distant 
shrubbery came the plaintive notes of the 
Sabia-bird. Beatriz was surprised to find 
a little boat moored near the stone wall 
"Step in !" commanded Francesca. Beatriz 
obeyed, and Francesca seized the oar with 
firm hand, and soon they were leaving the 
shore behind them. Year the opening of 
the harbor, towards the open sea lies a tiny 
island, with three or four palm trees on it 
which serves as a landmark to the sailors 
without. Beatriz thought that this island 
would be the place Francesca wanted to 
visit. Often and often she had seen these 
palm trees standing far off towards the sea 


They seemed then to beckon to her from a 
distant, unknown land. But Francesca 
turned away from the island. Her eyes 
were turned with a strange expression to- 
wards the boundless sea. She rowed slow- 
er and slower ; her bosom heaved and sank 
as if she found it difficult to breathe. All 
of a sudden she dropped the oars and let 
them float away. 

"For God's sake! what are you doing?" 
cried the girl. 

"I am saving you !" said Francesca, rising 
to her full height and stepping firmly on 
the gunwale of the light boat. In an in- 
stant it had capsized. There was a shrill, 
short cry, then both figures were sinking 
under the heaving waves. But long after- 
wards the boat was floating keel uppermost 
far, far away, towards the moonlit, silent 


In Southern climes, so bright, so fair, 
Where nature wrought with wondrous care, 
A vale of endless beauty lies, 
And gives each day a glad surprise. 

The rugged mountains, great and high, 
In grandeur pierce the Southern sky ; 
Like mighty ramparts, strong and steep, 
The valley safe within they keep. 

To guard the east, "The Smokies" rise, 
Like fearless monarchs, to the skies ; 
To watch the west, the Cumberland 
In somber blue holds proud command. 

Northward, Virginia's peaks we see, 
Like surging billows of the sea ; 
And Georgia's hills, through purple haze, 
On the south, a hundred summits raise. 

We hail the "Vale of Tennessee," 
Land of the noble, brave and free ; 
We hail the land of matchless worth ; 
We love the vale that gave us birth. 

Her winding streams, like threads, are seen, 
As on they flow with silv'ry sheen; 
Through woods and meadows, far below, 
We hear their murmurs soft and low. 

Her forests, dense with oak and pine, 

Present a scene of rich design ; 

Ller flow'rs and shrubs with fragrance 

And scatter far their rich perfume. 

How oft her spicy breezes blow 
To rouse the hearts that beat too slow ; 
Her balmy air, so pure and clear, 
Fills every breast with joy and cheer. 

How sweet her crystal waters flow 
To cool the ruddy cheeks that glow ; 
To quench the thirst of ev'ry tongue, 
And give new life to old and young. 

With peaceful homes the land is filled, 
With honest toil the soil is tilled ; 
Ne'er fail the sunshine and the rain 
To ripen fields of golden grain. 

To battles hard her sons have gone, 
And many noble vict'ries won ; 
To- them we give all honor due, 
Who fight for country, brave and true. 

For God her churches proudly stand 
To tell his love o'er all the land ; 
Her schools, the source of wisdom's light, 
Stand firmly for the truth and right. 

We hail the Vale of Tennessee ; 
W r e love to think and sing of thee ! 
We hail the vale of joy and mirth ; 
We love thee, best of all the earth ! 

Charles N. Magill, '99. 



The minds of people are constantly 
in a state of restlessness. They are agitat- 
ed either by the question of the day, or by 
some other subject. The common topic of 
discussion a few months ago was the Span- 
ish-American war. To-day it is the Phil- 
ippine problem. The minds of some are 
not contented with just the current thought 
of the day, but must go out into other chan- 
nels. Thus let us turn our thoughts for a 
few moments to the study of the develop- 
ment of literature. 

This age is known as the age of reason. 
Man has not the strength or the protection 



that many of the animals have, so his ex- 
istence and supremacy are due to the power 
of reason. Thus the power of communi- 
cating one with another is given to man. 
At first it was merely verbal, but as the race 
of man increased and scattered, signs were 
chosen by which they were able to com- 
municate one with another. From the 
hieroglyphics, which were the representa- 
tions of thought by pictures and drawing of 
familiar objects, gradually the form of the 
present signs or letters developed. As a 
glance is taken back through the ages, the 
development of our alphabet can be seen. 
The Hebrew letters are more complex 
signs, and more like the hieroglyphics than 
the letters used to-day. Through the He- 
brew to the Assyrian, then to the first forms, 
or rather the drawings, letters can be traced. 

As the signs become simpler, the more 
efficient they become. The development 
of literature depends on the simplicity of 
the signs used. Very little literature is 
found in the hieroglyphic period, but little 
more in the Assyrian and Hebrew periods. 
The Phoenicians simplified the signs, and 
the Grecians, who received their letters 
from the Phoenicians, left many valuable 
writings. Since then literature in all de- 
partments of studv has become abundant. 

Since the race of man has developed 
along with the literature, it behooves us to 
study it more carefully than we are accus- 
tomed to do. For, from the writings of 
the past generation, the things that pertain 
to the advancement or the degradation of 
mankind can be learned. Literature, both 
secular and religious, ancient and modern, 
should be studied more ; studied both for 
the thought and good that can be obtained 
from it, and for the improvement of our 

In studying the sentiment contained in 
the writings of an author, we should put 
ourselves in the place and the age of the 
writer. In so doing, his object will be the 
more clearly understood. We shall be 
able not only to recognize the purpose ot 
the piece, but also to become acquainted 

with the writer. The true character of 1 
man is brought out in his writings. The 
evil as well as the good in his character will 
come out. Tims we are enabled to see his 
inner life, as it were, and to sympathize 
with him or condemn him. as it behoo 

A well-read man makes a good compan- 
ion, and is constantly sought after. He is 
able not only to discuss the current topics. 
but also to take up more classical ones. 
Since literature is so plentiful and easy to 
be had, there is no excuse why we should 
not become well versed in the literature, 
at least, of the day. It becomes really our 
duty to ourselves and our fellowmen to 
take advantage of the opportunity given us 
for literary culture. 

Literature should be read not only for 
the thought, but also for the advantages de- 
rived from the styles. Each author has a 
different style. As very seldom a facsimile 
of any one is found on this earth, so in 
literature very few men can successfully 
imitate another. Thus, by reading different 
authors, different arrangement of sentences 
can be studied. In so doing, we shall 
learn how we ourselves can arrange sen- 
tences to bring out the exact thought, to 
express them in eloquent language, or to 
make them emphatic ; how to arouse the 
sense of humor, to stir the depth of thought, 
or to bring the tear of sympathy. 

The choice of words is worthy of our at- 
tention. One author will use very simple 
words and express his ideas successfully, 
while another will use classical expressions. 
To be able to use the simple or classical ex- 
pression in its right place is a study of no 
little importance. To do it with anv de- 
gree of success requires a deep study of the 
diction of the best authors. This of a ne- 
cessity compels us to read much. Also, a 
large vocabulary is necessary, and there is 
no better method of obtaining a good sup- 
ply of words than by reading. Another 
good result is the effect on our own use of 
language. By constantly reading good au- 
thors, almost unaware to ourselves, we be- 

x 5o 


gin to use better language. Expression- 
that were once used by us thoughtlessly will 
now seem ridiculous, and arouse the sense 
of humor. We will not then delight in the 
society of the ignorant, but seek more an 1 
more the society of the learned. Thus it 
causes us to seek learned men as our com- 
panions, and makes us better companions 
for our friends. 

Lastly, through the influence exerted 
over us by good authors, we are encour- 
aged to set our aim high, and strive harder 
to attain it. We constantly have before us 
what men bave accomplished, and what we 
if we will but try, can do. We forget to 
seek the sinful pleasures of this world in the 
delights of useful employment. 

Since there are so many advantages to be 
derived from the study of literature, we 
should make it our purpose to grasp the 
opportunity offered us. The study of lit- 
erature is not like the study of mathematics 
which can only be successfully done under 
an instructor. Literature can be studied 
at any time. The spare moments can thus 
be utilized. It does not require that a per- 
son have plenty of time to devote to it, but 
by devoting much time to it greater good 
can be derived. The person or student 
who uses every spare moment in the study 
of literature will in due time reap a rich 
harvest of information, mental growth, and 
true culture. 



Maryville College has received more than 
one contribution from Japan. The unfail- 
ing regard of the devoted men and women 
who have gone from the college into the 
mission work of the Sunrise Kingdom has 
been manifested in many ways. In the 
College Museum there are tokens of in • 
terest and remembrance, books and curios, 
presented by the Maryville College Club in 
Japan. But the purpose of this article is to 
give some facts concerning a contribution 
anthropological — Japan has furnished us a 

When Kin Takahashi came to Maryville 
College he came, in the providence of God, 
to do an important work, to exert a rare in- 
fluence among the students, and eventuahV 
to accomplish an undertaking that wiU 
keep his name in perpetual remembrance ; 
and when, in September, 1897, he returned 
to his native land, he carried with him the 
love and gratitude of the whole College. 


In t<886, impelled by a desire for learning, 
he left bis native country and sailed for the 
distant shores of America. Arriving at 
San Francisco he entered an academy and 
studied there for a time. There also he 
was converted and received into the mem- 
bership of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Yielding to providential direction, through 
the influence of Christian friends, he set out 
across the continent for Tennessee, and the 
railroad brought him far to the East, where 
he found himself under the morning shadow 
of the majestic Alleghenies, at the doors of 
Maryville College. In 1888, at the age of 
eighteen, he entered the preparatory de- 
partment of this institution. 

His versatility was made manifest, fo~ 
Kin was compelled to work his way. His 
parents — a Shintoist father and a Buddhist 
mother — refused to help him after his con- 
version to Christianity. Thus cast upon 
his own resources, he supported himself by 
selling Japanese curiosities and by render- 
ing himself useful in various ways. 

Having completed his studies with honor, 
in 1895, he received the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, and took a creditable part in the 
closing oratorical exercises of his class. 

Kin found time to study and also to look 
around him. He originated and promoted 
various helpful movements among the stu- 
dents. He went to work like a born organ- 
izer and devised a plan by which students 
were aided in securing profitable employ- 
ment. Some, through these agencies, 
were encouraged to remain in College, who 
would otherwise have been ready to give up 
in despair. This was accomplished by his 
Self-Help Association. 





These results were not brought about in 
one year, but when one point was gained he 
passed to another. His facility in this was 
one of Kin's most valued characteristics 
In a few years he became 


especially in the work of the Young Men's 
Christian Association. He arranged for 
lectures, entertainments, receptions to new 
students, and looked after many things per- 
haps overlooked by others. His directly 
religious work was not neglected. In pub- 
lic and in private he has been a faithful wit- 
ness for Christ. 

On the athletic grounds, as elsewhere, 
Kin was in demand. He became a self- 
trained athlete, and a very efficient trainer 
of others. As captain and active player, he 
helped his team gain many a victory for the 
College. In inter-collegiate games her rep- 
utation had no more sturdy defender than 
was the "little Jap" of five feet two and on? 
hundred and twenty-three pounds avoirdu- 
pois. In raising money to meet the cur- 
rent expenses of these organizations, Kin 
was clever and successful. 

His instinct for news-gathering put him 
in charge of the College column of the 
Maryville newspaper, and in his junior 
year he undertook the publication of the 
College Days, among the most successful 
of all our college periodicals. This enter 
prise he continued as long as he was con- 
nected with the College. His characteris- 
tics appear in these achievements. In his 
work for the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation and for his Literary Society, for the 
success of his college publications, and not 
least for the Athletic Association, he had 
many discouragements : but apparent de- 
feat meant nothing to Kin. He couldn't 
be kept down, and after every "wreck" 
bobbed up smiling, with a cheerful "Wei 1 , 
boys, we'll try again." The writer can not 
recall in him at any time a spirit and temper 
inconsistent with a prayerful Christian life. 


Kin's greatest work was the inauguration 
and successful prosecution of the Bartlett 

Hall building movement. This new build- 
ing will furnish a magnificent home for the 
Y. M. C. A., and, when properly equipped, 
such gymnasium facilities as few colleges 
can equal. He secured permission of the 
faculty, and on March 23, 1894, in the Col- 
lege Chapel, there was a meeting of the 
students and friends of this movement. Kin 
was made chairman. He stated the object 
of the meeting, and his speech, followed by 
others, aroused great enthusiasm. The 
building began to seem a possibility. An 
association was organized, with Kin as 
president, and he began at once to raise 
funds. The faculty and students respond- 
ed cheerfully. Many students who were 
not able to give money agreed to pay sub- 
scriptions in work. After a year of plan- 
ning and pushing. Kin was able to make x 
start. In June, 1895, just after his gradua- 
tion, the mills began to grind out brick. 
The student labor, made available by the 
payment of some cash subscriptions, at tne 
end of the summer had taken form in three 
kilns of excellent brick — 300,000 in all — 
ready for the trowel. The neighboring 
farmers generously furnished the wood for 
burning the brick kilns. 

This summer's work in the brickyard on 
the college grounds by the students of 
Maryville College resulted in substantial aid 
to the budding cause, and became a matter 
of public interest. Newspapers published 
the details of the story. Kin Takahashi, the 
hero of this enterprise, reached a place in 
the estimation of the public that he could 
not have attained if he had sought notorie- 
ty. His life was illuminated by modesty 
and unselfishness, and in their light good 
deeds shine out more brightly in this self- 
seeking world. 


Having made this good beginning 
through the self-denying efforts of the stu- 
dents and of friends near by, Kin set out to 
seek help from other friends. In the fall 
and winter he solicited funds in the North, 
and in the summer of 1896 the foundation 
was laid. Then the work had to stop for 



lack of funds : but Kin again sought help 
from the friends of the College at a distance 
He carried the story of the earnestness of 
the students ; he showed the picture of a 
foundation ready for the walls that should 
shelter the religious organizations of the 
students and foster health and physical 
strength. Such liberal subscriptions were 
made, that when he returned, in the spring 
of 1897. he had funds enough pledged to 
warrant the erection of the walls; and by 
the close of the year the building externally 
was done. This edifice, which, though un- 
finished is an ornament to the campus, is of 
pressed brick, three stories in height, cov- 
ering eighty feet by eighty-nine, with a 
large auditorium, rooms for the secretary 
and committees, parlor and reading room, 
and ample space for a gymnasium below 
and a circular running track above. There 
are commodious and convenient galleries 
The roof is of slate. The large basement 
will be fitted up with baths, lockers, and 
game rooms. As it stands in a convenient 
and conspicuous position on the Campus, 
its unfinished condition appeals to all the 
students, who are now deprived of its use. 
Systematic efforts will soon be made to fin- 
ish the interior to correspond with the ex- 
terior and equip it for' the best possible 

The name of the building commemorates 
the eminent services rendered the College 
by the ex-president,, P. M. Bartlett, D.D., 
LL.D., and by his brother, Prof. Alexander 
Bartlett, who died some years ago. Their 
friends have taken pleasure in this perpetu- 
ation of the name, and many have aided in 
making the effort a success. To these and 
to all who have helped them in generous 
gifts and earnest prayers the students join 
with Mr. Takahashi in grateful acknowledg- 

After Kin had seen the walls erected, he 
prepared to return to his native land. His 
task here was done. He believed that the 
completion of the building was assured. 
He bade his friends good-by and turned his 
face toward the home of his childhood, the 

home of his parents, whom he prays to see 

become followers of Christ ; hut the won: 
he accomplished here will stand a. a mem 
orial to him for generations to come. 


His natural endowments and hard work- 
both contributed. 7'here are three ele- 
ments of his character that combined to ac- 
complish this work, earnestness, prudence, 
and prayerfulness. His zeal, activity, and 
enthusiasm were contagious. He devoted 
himself to the work. He persevered in it. 
He did not regard discouragements. 

The second reason for his success is tha: 
he was wise in his methods. He saw the 
need of the building. The benefits it would 
confer were manifest. He had a good ob- 
ject. He was wise in presenting his ob- 
ject, for he appealed to Christians as to 
those who hold their silver and their gold in 
trust. He sought to show that those who 
have the missionary spirit and who share 
the Master's love for souls might feel it a 
duty and a privilege to give to this cause. 
He used means to disseminate an intelli- 
gent knowledge of the students' movement. 
He was wise in not trying to compel agree- 
ment, if others disagreed with him. \\ nen 
convinced, he was ready to yield. 

The third reason for his success is that 
he did not depend upon mere human in- 
strumentalities. He made his first appeal 
to God ; he prayed for guidance ; he prayed 
that those who had the means might see in 
Bartlett Hall a worthy object for their in- 
terest and benevolence. Supported by 
faith, confident that his work was for the 
glory of God and the advancement of his 
kingdom, he pressed on until lie overcame 
the difficulties that thronged his way. His 
cheerful Christian courage and faith, un- 
daunted amid defeat and discouragement, 
have stimulated and aided many students 
in the past; the noble building, as it stands 
on the College Campus, will prove of help 
to many others in the future. In him Ja- 
pan has conferred a blessing on Maryville 
College, and through Maryville College on 
Christian America. 

J 54 








Princeton University should be of espe- 
cial interest to the readers of the College 
Monthly, for two reasons: First, because 
it is the most truly American of all our 
great institutions of learning, and second, 
because it is our greatest distinctively 
Presbyterian university. The founders 
were native Presbyterian ministers who 
were graduates of Harvard, Yale, and the 
Log College, founded in Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania by Rev. William Tennent, and con- 
ducted by him for twenty years. At his 
death the Log College ceased to exist. 


When the Log College ceased to exist 
there was no institution of higher learning 
nearer the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey and New York than Yale 01 
Harvard, in New England, or William and 
Mary, in the province of Yirginia. To 
meet this sore need for an institution of 
higher learning in the middle colonies, the 
College of New Jersey was founded. On 
the 22d of October, 1746, the charter with 
which the College began its life was grant- 
ed by the provincial governor of New Jer- 
sev. This was the first charter conferred 
in America by a provincial governor. Ow- 
ing to an oversight, this charter was not 
recorded, and in 1748 a second charter was 
granted by Governor Belcher. The char- 
ter of 1748, with a few unimportant amend- 
ments, is to-day the charter of Princeton 

The early history of the College is a 
story of struggle and hardship. Not until 
recent years have friends and equipments 
been bestowed upon the institution which 
place it among the richly endowed institu- 
tions of our land. But its early histon is 
full of heroic achievements in the cause of 
education. It became the radiating center 
of educational influence in the surround- 
ing colonies, and the parent of many of the 
educational institutions of the South. 

Princeton College was also a conspicu- 
ous center in revolutionary times. Nassau 

Hall, the first building erected on thi 
pus, was for a long time the largest struc- 
ture in America. This building was u 
for barracks at one time by the British, and 
at another time by the American 
It was the scene of a fierce battle, when it- 
walls were mutilated by cannon hall-. Here 
the Continental Congress met when it 
compelled to leave Philadelphia; here the 
first recognition of American independence 
by a European power was officially an- 
nounced — the recognition of France : here 
Washington attended commencement, and 
here, in the presence of the foreign Am- 
bassadors and the Continental Congress, he 
finally received the official thanks for his 
services in establishing American indepen- 


Princeton is a town of three thousand in- 
habitants, and is situated three miles off 
the Pennsylvania Railroad, about half way 
between Philadelphia and New York. It 
is reached by a branch railroad, which 
makes connection with all regular passen- 
ger trains. Its seclusion furnishes one of 
its chief charms — the absence of the rum- 
ble of traffic. Princeton is surrounded by 
green fields and clusters of neat farm- 
houses, and the University is nestled in 1 
grove of great elms, like a gem in a beau- 
tiful setting. Besides the handsome and 
some even magnificent buildings of the 
University, there are many beautiful resi- 
dences in Princeton. Also, a number of 
persons of wealth and note reside here, 
among whom are J. Pierpont Morgan, Ex- 
President Grover Cleveland, and J. M. 
Taylor Pyne, who gave a new librarv 
building to the University in 1897. wdiich 
cost over six hundred thousand dollars. 
There are two Presbyterian churches, a 
Methodist, an Episcopalian, and a Cath- 
olic church in town. 

Historic associations render Princeton 
an interesting town. Around it cling "like 
gathering mists the mighty memories of the 
revolution." Here is the battlefield where 
General Hugh Mercer, with many patriot 



followers, poured out his blood in the 
cause of independence. Stony Brook- 
bridge, which Washington destroyed to 
check the pursuit of the Redcoats, has been 
rebuilt, and is a favorite point in the ram- 
bles of the students. The little stone 
Quaker church, in which Washington had 
his headquarters, is another point of inter- 
est. The battlefield, the bridge, and the 
Quaker church are all within a mile and a 
half of the Campus. The cemetery, on 
Witherspoon Street, about three minutes' 
walk from the Campus, is called the "West- 
minster of America." It contains the re- 
mains of more noted men than any other 
cemetery in the country. All the College 
presidents from Aaron Burr, 1746-1747, to 
"fames McCosh. 1868-1889, with many ot 
the professors of the College and Theologi- 
cal Seminary, are buried there. 


The University grounds include about 
250 acres of land, a considerable part of 
which is in virgin forest. There are about 
ten acres in the Campus, beautifully shaded 
bv great elms, and there are in all over 
thirty University buildings. The buildings 
are not crowded, as they must of necessity 
be where a university is situated in the 
heart of a large city like Chicago, New 
York, or New Haven. Plenty of room for 
sunshine and shade, for fresh air and com- 
radeship, is a great boon to the student. 

"Old North," or Nassau Hall, is the cen- 
tral building. It is built of stone, as most 
of the other buildings are, and is three 
stories high. Just back of it, in the quad- 
rangle, is the cannon which played an 
important part in the battle of Princeton, 
and is now the center of all triumphal cele- 
brations. There are nine large dormitor- 
ies, either four or five stories high, whicn 
accommodate seven or eight hundred stu- 
dents. The scientific lecture-rooms are 
chiefly in the John C. Green School o ( . 
Science buildings, and most of the academic 
lectures are held in Dickinson Hall. Mar- 
quand Chapel is a commodious and elegam 
structure, in which all devotional exercises 

are held. Alexander Hall is a magnificent 
building for all academic exercises. Mur- 
ray Hall, situated only a few steps- from the 
chapel, contains the Y. M. C. A., auditorium 
and reading-room. The new Library 
building is a very handsome structure of 
grey stone, in the form of a hollow quad- 
rangle, and is connected with the old 
Chancellor Green Library. The new 
building will have a shelf capacity for 
1,350,000 volumes when all the shelves 
are placed, and contains besides this a num- 
ber of administration rooms, eighteen sem- 
inary rooms, and a large room for exhibit- 
ing rare books and papers. The old library, 
which is octagon-shaped, is used for a 
reading room and reference library. Space 
forbids more than a mention of such inter- 
esting buildings as the Art Museum, the 
Society Halls, the Observatories, etc. 


There are about eleven hundred students 
in the academic and scientific departments 
of the University. The two hundred and 
fifty or seventy-five students of the The- 
ological Seminary are not enrolled with the 
University students. About two-thirds ot 
the undergraduates are in the academic de- 
partment, and the remaining one-third in 
the scientific. This year there are one hun- 
dred and twenty-eight in the graduate 

The great majority of students room in 
the dormitories. Dormitory life has many 
attractions for the student, and he who has 
the moral stamina to resist the evil and do 
the right finds much to help him develop 
into true, independent manhood, and gains 
much culture and pleasure from his intimate 
association with his fellow schoolmates ; but 
for the moral weakling and unwary student 
the temptations often prove too strong, and 
he falls into dissipation and begins a down- 
ward course which, too sad to state, is often 
never changed. I wish to make a state- 
ment right here, however, for fear what I 
have said may be misleading. Princeton 
University students are not given over to 



dissipation, as they are in some of our 
large schools. 

While a great many students doubtless 
drink moderately, no student can make a 
beast of himself and remain a member of 
the University. No moral or intellectual 
reprobate can long remain a student at 
Princeton. In evidence of the high code 
of honor observed among Princeton stu- 
dents I mention the fact that they have 
adopted the honor system in examinations. 
Any student found cheating is immediately 
dealt with by his fellow-students, and if the 
case is grave enough, he is drummed out of 
school as a cheat. No student who fails to 
pass in his studies can enter any athletic 
team. During the past year the students 
have voted to abolish hazing, which shows 
another step taken in the right direction. 


Princeton has many customs peculiar to 
its own life. The rougher ones grow out 
of a strife between the two lower classes 
for prowess and supremacy in athletics. The 
first engagement between the Freshmen 
and Sophomores is in a grand rush for the 
cannon in the quadrangle behind "Old 
North." The Sophomores endeavor to 
rush the Freshmen off the Campus, or, at 
,-ny rate, to prevent them from gaining pos- 
session of the cannon. A little later the 
class ball games are played to determine 
which class possesses the champion team. 
These games are hotly contested, and espe- 
cially so between the two lower classes. The 
Sophomores regard it a great calamity to 
be beaten by the Freshmen. Next comes 
the cane spree, which is an athletic contest 
between champions from the two lower 
classes for the possession of the cane. A 
very commendable custom is that no Fresh- 
man is ever molested on his way to or from 
Y. M. C. A. meetings, or class prayer- 
meetings, or Bible classes. There are num- 
erous other customs regarding the use of 
college colors, songs, and insignia, the 
wearing of hats, carrying of canes, etc., 
which we can only stop to mention. The 
student's liberties are restricted as little as 

possible. He is required to be moral in his 
habits, to have his lessons, to be habitually 
attentive to his work and recitations and 
to attend chapel exercises every week-da> 
morning at 8 o'clock, and divine services 
Sabbath morning and evening, in Mar- 
quand Chapel. Required attendance on 
chapel services is not now customary in 
our universities, but I am sure it has a 
salutary influence on the student. It is an 
inspiring sight to see one thousand college 
students file into their places to honor God 
in a short service at the beginning of each 
day's work. To have one's thoughts turned 
heavenward for a few moments, and to list- 
en to the read Word and offered prayer, to 
join in song and feel the thrill of the asso- 
ciation of a thousand voices, can not fail 
to have a great influence for good. May 
Princeton University never lose this dis- 
tinctively Christian feature of its life, for 
when God is left out of the daily program 
he is soon left out of thought and life. 
No institution has more loyal sons than 
has Princeton. Orange and black is to a 
Princeton man's eye the richest and most 
suggestive, if not the most beautiful, com- 
bination of colors. In all college contests 
the students support their fellows with a 
good will, and that counts much toward 
victory, and when a victory is won, it is 
celebrated with a bonfire around the can- 
non in the quadrangle. To be a Princeton 
man is like belonging to a secret society: 
if one is worthy, he can count on the loyal 
help and support of Princeton men in his 
struggles to rise in after life. Every pater- 
familias teaches his sons to sing "Old Nas- 
sau," and to long for its classic halls. 
After a century and a half of remarkable 
growth and usefulness under such men as 
Burr, Edwards, Witherspoon. Carnahan, 
and McCosh, Princeton College, in 1896, 
widened its sphere of influence by assuming 
the rank and dignity of a university. Since 
1889 Dr. Francis L. Patton has been presi- 
dent, and under his administration the phe- 



nomenal growth in attendance and in ma- 
terial resources, which began under Dr. 
McCosh, has continued. To-day Prince- 
ton offers the student desiring to pursue 
academic or scientific studies advantages 
equaled by few institutions in the country 

Its instructors are scholars of high 
standing, quite a number of them enjoying 
national and even international reputation. 
Prof. Charles A. Young is one of the most 
distinguished scholars of his generation in 
the science of astronomy. Few men have 
more brilliant or acute intellectual powers 
than has Dr. Patton. Prof. Hunt in Eng- 
lish and Philology, Prof. Wilson in Polit- 
ical Science, Prof. Baldwin in Psychology, 
Prof. Ormond in Philosophy, Prof. Bracket 
in Physics, Profs. Fine and Thompson in 
Mathematics, and Prof. Perry in English 
Literature, are authorities in their several 
departments, and enjoy a national reputa- 

Possessing such great resources, and un- 
der the guidance of such men, and standing 
for such principles, Princeton University 
may enter the new century with the assur- 
ance of God's benediction, and of a future 
surpassing even the glorious record of the 
closinsr centurv. 



The Lamar Memorial Library has this 
year been the recipient of some greatly 
needed books. Although few institutions 
in the South surpass us in the number of 
volumes, yet many of the most valuable 
books of reference and of general literature 
have been wanting. 

Our 12,000 volumes indeed make but a 
handful compared, for example, with the 
great national library which forms a part 
of the British Museum. But in the period 
of service of the retiring librarian, Dr 
Richard Garnett, who has directed it with 
distinguished ability for the past forty-eight 
years, the number of volumes in England's 
national library has increased from 800,00c 

to 2,000,000. Probably more significant 
still would be the gain in system and acces- 
sibility. Two millions or ten millions of 
inaccessible or mediocre books would be 
worth less than the "fifty score, for daily 
use" of immortals, in Holmes' modest wish. 
Our Congressional Library contains now 
800,000, and having many additions yearly, 
it will soon pass the million mark. But 
these large libraries, in the words of Mr. 
Putnam, who has lately been elected librar- 
ian, are liable to be rendered less useful 
through their very magnitude. They can 
not be as readily available and open to di- 
rect access as are smaller libraries. 

We fear no evils of this kind at Mary- 
ville, and gladly welcome any useful addi- 
tions to our shelves. It is our privilege to 
acknowledge many valuable public books 
and pamphlets through the courtesy of our 
Congressman, the Hon. Henry R. Gibson, 
and other government officials. 

Gifts have recently been received from 
friends in New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, 
Indiana and Tennessee. The small ap- 
propriation by the directors of Maryville 
College for the purchase of books has been 
greatly appreciated, and these volumes are 
available now for use. 

Among the departments enriched bv re- 
cent additions from all these sources are 
those of history, biography, fiction, poetry, 
political economy, education, languages, 
sociology, hygiene, mental science and the- 
ology. New books of general reference, in- 
cluding the latest volume of Poole's Index, 
and also treatises in technical science have 
been placed in the alcoves provided. 

A collection of books in the Bulgarian 
language, with other volumes, presented by 
friends of the late Miss Linna A. Schenck, 
constitutes a rare addition. 

Mrs. J. L. Godfrey has kindly given a 
valuable shelf of books, which will be dis- 
tributed among many departments. 

Among the latest received are the records 
of the proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Con- 
gresses, from the first held at Columbia, 
Tenn., in 1889, to the last year's reunion. 



Bv these and other books Mrs. Thaw ha<- 
shown her continued interest in the La- 
mar Memorial Library. The reading- 
100m in the building- it is hoped will keep 
pace with the promised growth of the li- 
brary. Among the periodicals are dailies 
weeklies, monthlies and quarterlies, com- 
prising the best of current literature. Ex- 
changes received by the editor of the Col- 
lege Monthly, including magazines from 
some of the leading institutions, are on file 

Perhaps there can be no better opportun 
itv than this to put before the friends of the 
Lamar Library its need of funds for per- 
manent endowment. The library has not 
a dollar at its disposal to draw upon for 
current expenses. 

The librarian would be glad to inform 
any one who ma}- desire to supply some of 
our special needs what the most pressing 
wants are. 



The old Greek philosophy, that a man 
should enjoy many things temperately and 
nothing to excess, was never more needed 
than in these days of the specialist. True, 
one should always endeavor to excel in his 
chosen field and yet not to such an extent as 
to make him either narrow or superficial in 
other directions. A large part of the glory 
and strength of our country lies in the fact 
that so great a proportion of its citizens 
possess the advantages of a liberal educa- 
tion, and therefore it should be the aim of 
our schools of learning to give to their un- 
dergraduates a broad foundation on which 
to raise the superstructure of their after life, 
rather than to develop them along a few 
special lines at the expense of their educa- 
tion in general. 

A student, therefore, without being un- 
mindful of the fact that his studies have the 
first claim upon his time, should not neglect 
to enter, as far as possible, into the whole- 
some pursuits and pleasures of college life, 
for in so doing he is most likely to prepar-: 

himself for a strong, vigorous and well de- 
veloped manhood in the future. We be- 
lieve that one of the best of these influences 
of college life is the glee club. The famil- 
iar intercourse of twenty or more- young 
men can not but be beneficial on the char- 
acter, when, as in the present instance, all 
are gentlemen in the best sense of the word'. 
The ties of friendship formed, the incidents 
of the trip, the places visited, and the dis- 
tinguished people met — in these things 
themselves consists an education, to the ad- 
vantages of which the members of the club 
will most readily testify, and in their mem- 
ory will ever remain one of the choicest 
pleasures of mature life. 

But, perhaps the best reason for its ex- 
istence is in the relation of the glee club to 
the college as a whole. For one thing, it 
inspires the student body with college spirit, 
something which is almost undefinable, but 
nevertheless one of the most necessary 
agencies in molding college life, without 
which indeed college life is itself almost de- 
void of interest. Finally, the favorable ef- 
fect produced on the public by a representa- 
tive body of students from Maryville, is 
certainly worth a great deal of considera- 
tion. It is matter for pride that, wherever 
the Glee Club of '98-99 went, they invari- 
ably upheld their own and the honor of 
their Alma Mater, and their gentlemanly 
conduct was undoubtedly one of the chief 
reasons for their popularity. The results 
have been immediate ; in many places where 
Maryville has been little more than a name 
she has become and will remain an inter- 
esting reality, a potential influence for good. 
Within a week after our return, letters of 
eager inquiry were received by the presi- 
dent and our manager from places all along 
the route, showing the spontaneous interest 
and enthusiasm aroused by the short trip, 
and this we believe is but a mere beginning 

The foregoing remarks have been writ- 
ten, not in any spirit of defense of the Glee 
Club, but to avoid any possible miscon- 
struction of the purposes for which the or- 
ganization was formed, and thus to ren- 



der easier the work of future clubs which 
may be sent out from our halls. Sufficient 
has been said, we trust, to place this, the 
pioneer club of Maryville College, in its 
true light before the public. 


Early on the morning of the 20th, in the 
merry month of March of this year, a party 
of twenty shivering youths arose an hour 
or so earlier than their accustomed time, 
and after a breakfast eaten with even more 
than the usual haste of a boarding club 
meal, each hied him down to the depot and 
boarded the 6:45 Cannon Ball amid the en- 
vious glances of less fortunate but enthu- 
siastic spirits who dared to venture out at 
that unholy hour for the purpose of wit- 
nessing the departure of the first Maryville 
College Glee Club. After due time con- 
sumed in deliberation, as befitted its dig- 
nity, the venerable engine of the K. & A. 
puffed and rang itself down the tracks 
while the little town of Maryville and the 
cheers and adieus, not always complimen- 
tary, of the crowd, receded slowly from 
sight and hearing. In process of time the 
train drew up beneath the Knoxville car 
shed, and the boys scattered to various 
points of interest about the city. At noon, 
however, all were glad to stretch their legs 
beneath a table well laden with viands to 
each one's taste. Under the mellowing in- 
fluence of a good dinner and sunny morn- 
ing, tongues were loosed, and soon all 
things went "merry as a marriage bell." 
Jokes and good stories flew around, and 
the "drag" fiend succeeded in capturing sev- 
eral for his scrap-book. Promptly after, 
the dinner, again the cars engulfed us, and 
bore us rapidly away, with college colors 
flving in the wind, feeling now for the first 
time that we really were started on the 
long-looked-for trip. 

The company had by this time swelled 
to the number of twenty-four, including be- 
sides the chorus of twenty the two soloists, 
Messrs. Bartlett and Dilopulo, Manager 
and Leader Professor Newman, and the 
pianist, Miss Hockings, of Knoxville, tak- 

ing the place of our Miss Perine, much to 
our regret unable to accompany the club. 
Later in the afternoon we alighted at the 
old historic town of Jonesboro, promptly 
gave the college yell, and were right royally 
welcomed in turn. Words are almost in- 
adequate to express the universal kindness 
and courteous attention accorded the club 
here. In the evening the club sang to a 
splendid audience, warmly appreciative of 
its efforts, and under such circumstances 
could do no less than to sing well. After 
the concert, through the kindness of Mrs. 
Dosser, a reception was tendered at her 
home to the members of the club by the 
Schubert Club of young ladies, who pre- 
sided as hostess with all the beauty and 
grace for which Jonesboro is famous, mak- 
ing their guests feel perfectly at ease and 
charming them with the small favors, such 
as the club colors, boutonnieres, and later 
on the dainty refreshments bestowed upon 
them. Thus time sped by with winged feet 
till long after the midnight hour. 

As the 11 o'clock train was delayed the 
next day, the morning and much of the aft- 
ernoon were spent in wandering about the 
quaint old place — the oldest town in Ten- 
nessee, in fact — with the interesting mem- 
ories of days ante-bellum ; and those who 
were so fortunate as to drink a draught 
from the old mill spring, proffered by the 
slender ha'nd of some fair Rebecca, were 
doubtless quite willing to say with Tenny- 
son's "Lotus eaters." ' 

"Oh, rest, ye brother mariners, we will not 
wander more !" 

But all things have an end. Sufficient to 
say that Jonesboro left many memories, 
•and none were anything but pleasant. 

The next place on the schedule was 
Greenville, where, on the evening of the 
2 1st, the club had the opportunity to sing at 
the opera house to well-filled seats, and 
though the audience was slightly chilly at 
first, it rapidly warmed up to quite a high 
pitch of enthusiasm, and well it might, for 
according to several the club never sang so 
well as on that night. After the concert, in 



spite of late hours the night before, the 
young men very much enjoyed a second 
reception tendered in the parlors of the his- 
toric Morgan Hotel, and in the gentle art 
of conversation while away a considerable 
portion of the night. Little opportunity 
was given for sight-seeing — unfortunately 
so, for the place is of much historical inter- 
est. Several, however, by arising early saw 
the old tailor shop of Andrew Johnson and 
his monument, crowning one of the sur- 
rounding hills, while the general impression 
of the town was favorable upon all. 

The next morning the party started for 
Morristown, giving the yell at their de- 
parture, as on their arrival. Indeed, this 

was the club's custom wherever it stopped. 
At Morristown, although because of the 
threatening weather, the audience was 
smaller than usual, none could have been 
more appreciative. Miss Hocking's piano 
solos and Mr. Bartlett's singing being es- 
pecially well received ; in fact, almost every 
member on the program was heavily en- 
cored. That night for the first time the 
club retired early and after n o'clock, save 
for the snores of the Athenian Quartet, 
softlv blended in a harmonious serenade, all 
was quiet in the corridors of Hotel \ ir- 

At Xew Market we. of course, expected 
a hearty welcome and received even more 



than we looked for. The Presbyterian 
church where the concert was held was 
closely packed with an intelligent and sym- 
pathetic audience. Naturally, the boys did 
their best. The quartet, with its ridiculous 
encores, especially aroused enthusiasm. 
Mrs. Tatum, with rare courtesy, entertained 
the young men, later in the evening, at her 
home, a reception which was thoroughly 
enjoyed by all those present. Old acquain- 
tances were renewed, and many new and 
lasting friendships formed, so that all were 
ready to vote at the hour of departure that 
no more pleasant evening could have been 
spent anywhere. The morning light re- 
vealed the surprising fact that many col- 
lege colors which had gradually been de- 
creasing in length, now appeared entirely 
shorn of their gallant streamers or dis- 
appeared entirely. But we all know that 
boys are careless about leaving things ly- 
ing around. 

The good people of Xew Market very 
kindly entertained the club as at Jones- 
boro in private homes, thus reducing ex- 
penses to the minimum, and at the same 
time greatly increasing the pleasure of the 

The 10 o'clock train bore us off, next 
morning, to Knoxville, where, after a good 
dinner together, the members were again 
courteously entertained at private homes, 
2nd after a day spent very pleasantly about 
the city, the concert opened promptly at 
8:15 to a good audience in Market Hall 
and in spite of the fact that many of the 
members were in wretched voice on ac- 
count of continued singing, and Mr. Bart- 
lett was practically unable to sing at all, 
the audience seemed to appreciate the pro- 
gram thoroughly, particularly the quartet, 
ouintet, and Mr. Dilopulo's songs in var- 
ious foreign and barbaric tongues: in fact 
wherever the club went, his entertaining 
singing, with its suggestion of the weird 
always brought down the house, and 
formed one of the most unique features of 
the program. 

The next morning saw the jolly crowd 

pick up its bag and baggage and board the 
Maryville train with college songs upon its 
lips, well satisfied with itself and the rest of 
the world, and glad enough despite the 
pleasure of the trip, to see at length the cu- 
pola of the dear old college building loom 
up against the drizzly sky. 

Thus, amid uproarious shouts of wel- 
come and general good feeling, the trip 

Before leaving this subject, some men- 
tion is suitable of our highly esteemed man- 
ager and leader, Prof. J. G. Newman. It is 
no more than fair to say that he has been 
the master spirit of the enterprise, and to 
him more than any other has been due the 
honor of its successful completion. It is 
quite safe to say that but for him Maryville 
would not have seen a glee club for ten 
vears to come, and therefore he is deserved- 
ly one of the most popular professors in 
the College. We take this opportunity 
likewise to thank all friends of the College 
who have in any way aided us, either by 
financial support or personal effort in help- 
ing to bring the club to public notice. 

The press notices were very favorable, 
and a sample is given taken from the Mor- 
ristown Gazette: 

"The concert given by the Maryville 
Glee Glub, of Maryville College, at the 
Opera House, Wednesday evening last, was 
a delightful and highly creditable affair. 
The program consisted of glees, vocal 
solos, quartets, piano solos, quintets, and 
double ouartets. The club constitutes a 
fine musical combination, and, as ama- 
teurs, they are in the forefront. A feature 
of >pecial note was the singing in six lan- 
guages by Mr. George Dilopulo, of Athens 

On March 24, Prof. E. B. Waller deliv- 
ered a lecture upon the subject of "Health 
Hints" before the students in the College 
Chapel. The six points emphasized were: 
Pure air, suitable food, suitable clothing, 
exercise, cleanliness, and eood habits. 



- President of the Bai-tlett Hall Building Association. 


The Bartlett Hall Building Association 
and the Y. M. C. A. of Maryville College 
ask from the Board of Directors of Mary- 
ville College the following things: 

I. That the light, the heat, and the water 
for Bartlett Hall be furnished by the Col- 
lege without any expense to the Y. M. C. A. 

II. That the salaries of the general sec- 
retary, the physical director, and the janitor 
be paid by the College. 

III. That the Y. M. C. A. be allowed to 
control and manage Bartlett Hall forever, 
or as long as the Y. M. C. A. exists in the 
College as a Y. M. C. A. organization. 

IV. (i.) That the Y. M. C. A. shall elect 
a "Board of Managers," who shall have the 
entire control and management of Bartlett 
Hall, with the understanding that the Board 
of Directors of the College shall have the 
power to approve or veto any action taken 
by said "Board of Managers." 

(2.) That the "Board of Managers" shall 
elect the general secretary, the physical 
director, and the janitor ; and shall fix their 
salaries after the Board of Directors shall 
have made the necessary appropriation 

Y. ( 1 .; That the "Board of Man; 

shall be elected at the annual i 

Y. M. C. A., which meeting shall be held 

during the first week of April o 

(2.) The members of the said Board shall 
hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors shall be elected. 

(3.) That the said Board shall be com- 
posed of five (5) members, two (2) from the 
faculty, and three (3) from the Y. M. C. A 

4. That the "Hoard of Managers" 
have power to organize itself, and shall 
meet regularly once each month. 

VI'. That all revenues of Bartlett Hall, 
derived from rents and from other sources, 
shall be controlled and expended by the 
"Board of Managers." 

VII. That the "Board of Managers" 
shall make an annual written report to the 
Board of Directors of the College at their 
meeting in May. 

VIII. That the Board of Directors <=V-all 
guarantee to the Y. M. C. A. the aforesaid 
rights and privileges. 

The plan of management of Bartlett Hali, 
which is here presented, is now in the 
hands of a committee appointed by the 
Board of Directors. This committee will 
make a report at the next meeting of the 

Board in May. 

The fundamental principle of any plan 
adopted should be to give the Y. M. C. A. 
the utmost responsibility and trust in man- 
aging their building. This principle is im- 
portant for two reasons: First, as an ac- 
knowledgment of the diligent work done 
by the Y. M. C. A. in securing the building ; 
and, second, that duties imposed may gen- 
erate a greater feeling of responsibility in 
future members of our organization. Our 
long desired home for Christian work in 
the College is now nearing completion, and 
the prerent interest in the work will be best 
conserved for coming members by giving 
us and them the largest possible share in 
the control of the building. To us the 
plan presented does not seem to ask too 
much, and we trust that the trustee- will 
act favorably upon it. or. at least, make no 
radical change in the principle involved. 

Hubert S. Lyle. 
President of Bartlett Hall Building Asso- 



Treasurer of the Bartlett Hal] Building Association. 



The practice of law is one of the noblest 
of callings. In this, however, a distinction 
should be drawn between the true lawyer 
and the pettifogger. A good lawyer will 
not act dishonorably. The ethics of the 
profession forbids it. The pettifogger, who 
resorts to falsehood and dishonesty, as well 
as all kinds of mean tricks in order to carry 
a point, brings undeserved reproach on the 
profession at large. 

Many persons look on him as a profes- 
sional standard. In the same way many 
look to the hypocrite as the standard of 
Christianity. The hypocrite is not a Chris 
tian at all. Neither is the pettifogger a 
lawyer. He may have a knowledge of the 
law and make much use of it, just as the 
hypocrite may have a knowledge of the Bi- 
ble and make much use of it. Both are 
pretenders in their practice and conduct. 

There is a strong temptation presented to 
the practitioner to do dishonorable things. 
The profession deals largely with wrong, 
and when conducted on the true plane, the 
work is that of correcting wrongs. 

It is frequent that when a pious-faced 
church-member gets into trouble with his 
neighbor, he employs the meanest petti- 
fogger he can find, for the purpose and with 
the intent of resorting to any and all means, 
right or wrong, honorable or dishonorable 
reputable or disreputable, for gaining the 
suit and punishing his adversary. If suc- 
cessful, he gloats over it, and lays the sin to 
the lawyer. A true lawyer loathes such 
clients. This class of clients do much tc 
lower the standard of Christianity, espe- 
cially among the legal profession. 

A minister once asked a pious lawyer 
why it was that there appeared to be a ten- 
dency toward skepticism in the legal pro- 
fession. The replv was, that if the minister 
could sit in the consultation room and hear 
the efforts made on the part of persons of 
high standing in the church demanding 
that the attorney should do dishonest and 
mean things in the name of his profession, 
the client to reap the fruits, he would easily 
understand that the man who looks to 
church members as the standard of Chris- 
tianity, would quickly drift into skepticism 
and infidelity. 

The. legal profession has been severely 
criticised by some, because the guilty are 
defended. Such criticism comes only from 
narrow-minded persons, who are unable to 
draw the distinction between the person ac- 
cused of a crime and the crime itself. Even 
a guilty person has rights, and his rights 
should be protected. The lawyer does not 
defend the crime, but the person accused of 
a crime. The law presumes the accused to 
be innocent until guilt is proven in a legiti- 
mate way. The rules governing the admis- 
sion of evidence are the accumulated wis- 
dom growing out of centuries of practice. 

There is nothing grander or nobler than 
the rule under our English and American 
jurisprudence that no one can be put on 
trial on a criminal charge without an at- 
torney, learned in the law, to make defense 
for him. The accused may be without 
money or influence and as guilty and vile, 
as friendless and helpless as the woman 


taken in adultery, and yet he must have 
counsel to plead his cause. If unable to 
employ one, the Court will assign an attor- 
ney to make the defense for him. The 
criminal class often do not know anything 
of their rights. They do not know the 
weight of crime. They have often been 
taught from childhood that crime is a vir- 
tue. This is so especially in regard to the 
crime of murder. The children in many 
homes have been taught that it is manly to 
fight, to defend themselves, and to take life 
It is right that crime should be punished 
The preservation of society and of the com- 
monwealth demands that restraining pun- 
ishment shall be administered. The guilt 
of the accused must be determined in a fair 
and honorable way, and the punishment ad- 
ministered in the manner required by law. 

It is unprofessional for the lawyer to 
stir up suits. Some practitioners do this 
but it is the work of the pettifogger and not 
the lawyer. In fact, this is an offense called 
barratry, for which the guilty should be 
stricken from the roll of attorneys. 

Here again the conscientious lawyer can 
do much good. Two citizens have a mis- 
understanding, and it grows into a quarrel 
They each go to their lawyers, and gener- 
ally carry their hot blood with them, for the 
purpose of entering into a lawsuit and pun 
ishing the adversary. The good lawyer can 
see at once that there is no reason for a 
suit. He can advise a settlement better for 
both and the legal rights of each can be 
maintained. This is often done. 

Young people see the lawyer at the bar 
and hear him make his argument. The 
conclusion is that such is his work. Th:s 
is a very great mistake. It is part of his 
work, but only the foam. It is the hod- 
carrier emptying the mortar. The work is 
done in the .office, in collecting and arrang- 
ing the facts in an orderly way, and in 
searching and examining authorities and" 
properly noting them. He must keep 
posted on subjects generally, and the law 
with current decisions in particular. 

Some of the best lawyers are by no means 

attractive speakers. In 

speakers arc frequently 

They rely on the flow of language, and lose 

sight of the principles of law. 

Among lawyers there is a high standard 
of professional courtesy. 'I hey meet and 
clash in their cases, but when the clash is 
over there is a courtesy that is admirable. 

The purpose of the law ; - to uphold the 
right, condemn the wrong, protect the 
weak against the strong, defend the inno- 
cent, and punish the guilty. If the law- 
yer is on the side that is in the wrong, it is 
his duty to represent his client, not to defend 
the wrong. There is a lawyer to represent 
the other side and bring out the facts. Thus 
the right and the wrong are determined 
Both sides are developed in a systematic, 
orderly way, before an impartial court, and 
justice is then administered accordingly. 

In God's plan there are different callings. 
The profession of law is one of these. Con- 
secrated lawyers can do much in advancing 
the cause of righteousness — sometimes 
more effectually than the ministry itself. It 
is God's purpose to have lawyers, doctors. 
ministers, teachers, farmers, blacksmiths, 
carpenters, and other professions and 
trades. We mistake when we think that 
God does not call us into the field where he 
can accomplish most for him. 

The writer had no thought of practicing 
law as a vocation until it appeared that ev- 
erything else was cut off from him, and the 
law alone was open. He then started tim- 
idlv, then fell in love with the profession. 
He now feels that it was God that led him 
into it, and that it was the divine will tha: 
he should lead that life, as much so as if he 
had been called to the gospel ministry. 

This number of The Monthly is double the 
usual size, and students should give those 
merchants who advertise in it the benefit 
of their patronage. The total number of 
subscribers is 863, of whom more than 500 
have already paid. How many of the re- 
mainder will do likewise during the present 
month ? 

1 66 




Having spent ten days in Maryville hold- 
ing evangelistic meetings with the students. 
I am asked to give "some impressions of 
the College." It is not for me, therefore, 
to refer to the history of the College, nor to 
tell of the wonderful opportunities open to 
her by reason of her location — near the 
health-giving mountains of Eastern Tenn- 
essee — but rather to give my impressions of 
the present faculty and students as I have, 
observed them during my sojourn. 

It is a well-known fact that no commun- 
ity is so liable to change as that of the Col- 
lege. This is true not only of its personnel 
but also of its spirit. Many an alumnus has 
visited his Alma Mater and gone away 
with a sad heart saying to himself, if not to 
others, "Ichabod." I have visited more 
than one so-called Christian College whose 
debating balls were closed, whose Greek 
fraternities were little more than dance 
clubs, and whose faculty had seemingly bid- 
den farewell to discipline and to Christian 
oversight of those committed to their care, 
and upon whose teachers and students there 
seemed to have settled down to a Pharisai- 
cal deadness and lukewarmness towards 
cvangelical faith and evangelistic effort. 

It affords me, therefore, great pleasure 
to assure every friend of Maryville College 
that its present faculty and students are true 
to her founding and her history. I had 
not been in my room five minutes before I 
beard the stirring strains of "Throw Gut 
the Life Line," as it was being sung by a 
band of students in another part of the 
building. And as our train rolled out of 
Maryville on that last morning, the stu- 
dents and teachers joined in a farewell of, 
Christian song. With deep feeling i can 
testifv that Maryville College of to-day is 
loyal to the spirit and teachings of Jesus 

Nor does the type of Christian living 
found there correspond to what some call 

"piositv." The new and modern buildings 
with their equipment, all speak of progress 
and a visit to the class-rooms convinced 
me that modern methods of teaching were 
in vogue. Indeed, as I caught the spirit of 
both faculty and students, the Institution is 
characterized by loyalty to the Scriptures, 
practical and genuine sympathy with the 
present age, its needs and its opportunities. 

The deepest impression which Maryville 
College made upon me was that of its great 
service to the Northern Church in the 
South. Having lately received more than 
$200,000 from the Fayerweather estate, 
Maryville easily leads in the matter of en- 
dowment all of our other colleges in the 

No one can study the problem of the 
union of the Northern and Southern 
Churches without concluding that Mary- 
ville College must needs prove a mighty 
factor. It behooves the Northern Church, 
therefore, to render to Maryville every as- 
sistance in its power. 

Long life to Maryville College as long 
as she is conducted on the same lines as to- 
day ! 

The officers elected by the A. S. Society 
for the last quarter of the year were as 

President. — H. C. Rimmer. 

Vice President. — S. T. Miser. 

Corresponding Secretary. — M. W. Ervin. 

Secretary. — S. D. McMurry. 

Censors'— Fred. Caldwell. W. A. Walker 
and W. Sabin. 

We are indebted to Prof. W. G. Garner, 
of the Normal Institute of Maryville, for 
the loan of photographs from which plates 
have been made for The Monthly. Gne of 
these pictures, Abram's Falls, appears in 
this number. Professor Garner is an en- 
thusiastic lover of our mountain scenery 
and has a large collection of beautiful view , 
vvhi h be b;.s taken dining bis summer va- 



1S95 — Brick-making by the students. 
1S96 — Foundations laid. 
1S97 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898 — Gymnasium part opened for use. 

Cash received to Apr. 1 , 1899 . . $11,17 
Yet needed to complete .aud furnish, 3 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
l lie movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, 'the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Gofr. 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer, Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit ihe remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

Cash receipts from March to July, 1896, 
were : 

47 F. S. Campbell $ 5 00 

48 Prof. R. C. Jones 25 00 

49 Dr. S. W. Boardman 25 00 

50 S. S. Presb. Ch., Dover 10 oo 

51 First Presb. Ch., Scranton, Pa. 40 03 

52 Prof. PL A. Gofr 20 oo 

53 E. E. S., 2nd Presb. Ch., 

Scranton t 1 oc 

54 Robert P. Walker 10 oo 

55 Second Presb. Ch., Chatta- 

nooga 25 O'J 

56 Fannie F. Randolph 10 oo 

57 Rev. Albert Erclman 15 5 1 

58 S. S., 14th St. Presb Ch., 

Xew York 3 8 97 

=9 F. A. Penland 10 00 

60 Central Presb. Ch., Auburn, 

X. Y 50 00 

6t Beatrice Grav 1 00 

62 Charles X. Magill 2 oc 

63 Lewis F. Esselstvn, Teheran, 

Persia 10 o: 

64 Lniversitv Place Presb. Ch., 

X. Y. '. 3° 7 s 

6k Cash 1 00 

66 Kin Takahashi 16:) 




4 18 



43 1 

John Clarke r oc 

Rev. B. B. Bigler 10: 

Mrs. A. A. Wi.'son 5 00 

Ed. S. Johnson 9 7? 

J. A. Magill 100.) 

Ever Ready Circle of King's 

Daughters, Rochester 3 o;i 

Maryville Westminster League 10 oo 

Rev. John S. Eakin 5 00 

S. S. Second Presb. Ch.. Chat- 
tanooga 20 00 

ash receipts for March, 1899: 

Edith Goddard 1 o: 

Thomas Hunter 1000 

S. S. Brick Ch., Rochester. 

X. Y 32 60 

Mabel Gregory 1 oc 

Carrie F. Brause 4 5° 

E. Bruce Smith 5 00 

Rev. C. A. Duncan 25 00 

H. T. Hamilton 1 00 

Rev. J. H. McConnell 20 oo 

Cash' 10 

Will. Thornton 1 00 

Prof. T. H. M. Sherrell 50 oc 

Prof. H. A. Gort 40 oc 

Dr. S. W. Boardman 30 oc 

Prof. T. A. Gaines. 10 oo- 


Maryville College Monthly. 

Vol. I. 

APRIL, 1899. 

No. 8. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 



Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 


Theta Epsilon. 

IOS A E^H E M N BRO^DY, L ' I Business Managers, 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

.-■'.Subscription price, 25 cents a year; Single Copies, 5 

Address all communications to 

Mautvilh College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Eutered at Maryville, Tern., as Second -CI a86 Mail Mattel'. 


W. S. Rose is in the Fourth U. S. Cav- 
alry, Troop J, at Manila. 

The Glee Club took with them on their 
trip 8oo copies of the March Monthly and 
distributed them widely. 

Mrs. Edward Montgomery, of Manning- 
ton, W. Ya., is visiting her mother, Mrs 
Crawford, on College Hill. 

An entertainment was given on Thurs- 
day evening, April 6, under the auspices of 
Mrs. West and Miss Ferine. 

Robert Rose, one of our former students, 
is now a member of the Junior class at 
Oberlin College, at Oberlin. O. 

Two families have lately moved to Mary- 
ville on account of the College and climate 
from two widely-separated States— Florida, 
and Pennsylvania. 

On Tuesday, April 4, Mr. W. K. Mat- 
thews, General Secretary of the Y. M. C. A 
of the South, addressed the students in the 
College Chapel. He stated that the young 

men of to-day had many problems before 
them — commercial, political, social and re- 
ligious problems. The Y. M. C. A. is help- 
ing the young men who are to solve these 
problems by providing for their physical, 
social and religious development. The Y. 
M. C. A. is a religious organization, with 
secular asrencies. 

Messrs. Martin and Orville Post, broth- 
ers of R. W. Post and Helen Post, have 
recently come to Maryville from St. An- 
drew's Bay, Fla. They will soon be joined 
by their mother and sisters, and make 
Marvville their home. 

F ; eld .day will probably be May 12, and 
a large number of students ought to par- 
ticipate in the different events. Some of 
the records given below should be broken 

Putting 16-pound shot, 36 feet 4 inches : 
Joe L. Jones. 

Throwing 16-pound hammer, 78 feet 2 
inches, J. X. Davis. 

Pole vault, 8 feet io inches, T. W. Belk. 

Throwing base ball, 117 yards, Donald 

Forty yards' dash, 5 seconds, W. S 
Green, Donald McDonald. 

One hundred yards' dash, 10^ seconds. 
E. M. King. 

Four hundred and forty yards' dash, 56 
seconds, J. L. Jones. 

Mile run, 4 minutes 40 seconds, R. G. 

Standing high jump, 4 feet 6 inches, T 
W. Belk. 

Standing broad jump, 10 feet 5% inches. 
T. W. Belk. 

Standing hop, step and jump, 30 feet 4 
inches, T. W. Belk. 

Standing three jumps. 31 feet 3 inches, 1 
W. Belk. 

Running high jump, 5 feet 1 inch, J. B 


Running- broad jump, 19 feet 6y 2 inches. Traveling Libraries. .Miss Kate I 

George A. Malcom. Reciprocity and [Jnivefsity 

Running hop, step and jump, 42 feet T / 2 -Mrs. J. M. Greer, Mrs. Sam. McK 

inch, T. W. Belk. Household Economies . .Miss Mar , 

High kick, 8 feet 6.54 inches, R. K. Beat- Badges and Pins. . . .Miss Prances Chui 

ty, J. L. Jones. Constitution and By-Laws 

. . c Mrs. J. G'. Richardson 

The Tennessee State Federation 01 , 

... . n . , ■„ 1 1 j ■;,'. i n ,. rt i. annual State Chairman of Correspondence, G. r 

Women s Clubs will hold its fourth annual . - 

• -, r -n \ -I,-,,-, onri t , W. C, Airs. Mary L. Beecher. 
meeting m Marvville April 12, 13 and 14. 

by invitation of" the Chilhowee and Tues- Afternoon Session— 2 O'clock. 

day Clubs. The following is a program of Music. 

its sessions: 1. Obligations of the Woman Citizen.. 

Wednesday, april 12. Mrs. Tift (decease! I 

Morning Session— 9:30 O'clock. (Read by Mrs. C. X. Simmons.) 

Invocation Mrs. C. J. McClung 2. Civics. An address delivered before 

Report 'of Credentials Committee. the Evanston Woman's Club by Wil- 

, r . ,, ~ „ liam A. Giles, Vice President ot .\a- 

Address of welcome .... Miss M. E. Henry ^^ ^.^ ^^^ 

Response MrS ' W " D - Beard Evening Session-8 O'clock. 

Report of Recording Secretary. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary. ^^ ^ ^ &£ p ublk ScWs . 
Report of Treasurer. Recommended by Secretary of Agri- 
Report of Auditor. culture, Hon. James Wilson, in his 
Three-Minute Reports of Club. Annual Report. 

Report of the George Washington Xa- 1'. Nature Study in the Schools 

tional University. .Mrs'. E. O. Thorndik, Miss Bloomstine 

.^ o • • r^> '1 1 2 Art in the Schools: Its Value in Edu- 

Afternoon Session — 2 O clock. -• ^rt-m uic ^uiuui: ^ 

, n , , , , „ , ■ ri , T - •„ , cation Jessie Kirkpatnck Bowman 

(Conducted by Herbert Club, Knoxville.j 

Mrs. McKinney, Chairman. 

r tm c ■ c -c 1 <-■ ? i Music in the Schools: Its Influence as 

1. Is There a Science of Education? 3- w"^ 1U 

Mrs I C Tyler an Educational Factor ... Mrs. A. Miliei 

t-.. . FRIDAY, APRIL 14- 


2. Present Laws on Our Statute Books Morning Session-^ : 3 o O'clock. 

Concerning Education Business Meeting. 

Prof. Charles Turner Open Discussion by the Presidents of Ail 

Evening Session— 8 O'clock. Federated Clubs. 

Musicale. Topics: Methods of Club Work. The 

In charge of Mrs. John Lamar Meek. Relation of Club Work to Public Edu- 

C 3_t 1 II 

THURSDAY. APRIL 1 3. -^11 

_ , ,-, , , Afternoon Session — 2 U clock. 

Morning Session— 9:30 O clock. _. 

Reports of Chairmen of Standing Com- 
mittees. 1. Compulsory Education. 

Educational Mi:s Blocmstine 2. Industrial Conditions of the Age. 

(University of Nashville.) - • ■ - Mrs - R " D " ^ ds ° n 



3. Farm-house and Domestic Industries. 
Mrs. Candace Wheele/ 

Evening Session — 8 O'clock. 


1. Traveling Libraries. . .Mrs. I. A. Gaines 

2. Lessons Learned from Humble 

Sources Will Allen Dromgoole 


The series of lectures to be delivered in 
adjoining towns by members of the faculty 
has been successfully inaugurated, and is 
now in progress. The subjects of the lec- 
tures are as follows: 

"Some Historic Characters Whom I 
Have Met," Dr. Boardman. 

"The Valley of Mexico," Professor Wil- 

"Two Great Cities, London and Paris," 
Professor Waller. 

"The Average Boy," Professor Goff. 
"Cultivation of the Memory," Professor 

"Demosthenes," Professor Sherrill. 
"The Poet and Prophet," Professor 


The schedule of places and dates is : 
Bearden, March 31, and April 14 and 28 
Belle Avenue Church, Knoxville, April 

7, April 28, and May 12. 

Dandridge, April 14 and 28, and May 12 
Hebron, April 7 and 21, and May 5. 
Madisonville, April 7 and 21, and May 5 
New Market, April 21, and May 1. 
Rockford, April 14, 21 and 28. 
White Pine, March 31, April 14 and 28. 


The Maryville Base Ball Team this sea- 
son is one of the strongest that the College 
ever had. The men all have the '99 rules 
down pat, and play with all the vim and un- 
derstanding of the national pennant win- 

ners. Saturday afternoon, April 1, the 
team went over' to Knoxville to meet at 
Baldwin Park the team from the American 
Temperance University at Harriman. 

From the specimens of playing that were 
shown by the boys from the temperance 
town, the spectators were able to infer that 
they knew about as much of base ball as an 
Esquimo does of an Easter bonnet. The 
Knoxville Journal says: 

"Tn the first inning the McCormicks 
made nine runs : in the third inning the 
score was eighteen to nothing, and in the 
fourth it was, worse than ever before, ad in- 
finitum. The Harriman aggregation saw 
they were up against it, and played the 
game wearily to a finish, while the small 
boys and fans on the bleachers poked fun 
at the temperance town boys until thev 
were ashamed of themselves. 

"The scorer's chalk gave out in the 
fourth inning, and he has not yet made the 
computation which will show how many 
times the Maryville boys chased themselves 
around the bags, while Harriman was 
dered a tender in the shape of a tender egg, 
a goose egg, an Easter egg which they took 
back home with them last night." 

The final score was 29 to 4. Special men- 
tion deserves to be made of the fine work 
of the battery. "Hooky" Everett, our lit- 
tle pitcher, who last year struck out whole 
teams at will, found many easy victims ; 
and Ira McTeer, who can take in a cannon 
ball as easy as he picks the little horsehide 
off the bat. The batting record of the team 
was high, and infield work exceptionally 

Manager Turnbull and Captain Bartlett 
are good men for their positions, and have 
developed a team of which the College 
may be justly proud, and which should be 
stanchly supported by every loyal M. C. 

It makes uo difference — whether we 
live or die, we are in the presence of God. 
— Geo. Eliot. 

Important to Students 





We have an elegant line of samples for Tailor-Made Suits, an 

guarantee a fit. The prices are all right. 
Straw and Crush Hats — plenty of them. Call and see them. 
We have now the best $5.00, $7.50 and $10.00 Suits of Clothes 

in Tennessee. 

Our Shoes at $1.50, $2.00, $2.50 and $3.00 art excelled by 

Our Stationery Department is as complete as you will find. 
Come and see us, and we will treat you fair. 

Your friends, 


Will A. ncTeer. 

Andrew Gamble. 


Attorneys & Counsellors, 


The Bank of Maryville, 




Office: Up Stairs 
Mar-yville, on 

Represent the Old Aetna, Penn. Fire, Firemann 
and the Southern Fire Insurance Companies.. 

Offers to the people of Blount County 
a safe and reliable depository for 
their fu nds, guaranteeing Fair and 
Honorable Treatment, Careful and 
Prompt Attention 

Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities. Interest Paid 
en all Time Deposits. 


P. M. Baktlett, Pres. Will A. McTeek. V.-P. 
Jo. Btjbgkr, Cashier. J.a.Gcddabd.As 't Cash. 

why :f»^y more? 

hen we do the best dental work in Knoxville : have the most 
ilted operators in each department, use the best methods for 
e Pain • s Extraction of Teeth and guaranteed to please or 
und the oney, why should you go elesewhere until you 
a ve given i. i fair trial? 


A Beautiful Set of Teeth. S3. 00 and up. 

Gold Crowns. 
Gold Fillings, - 
Porcelain Crowns. 
Amalgam Fillings, - 
Bridge Work a Specialty. 


DR. HU.FFAKER,427*Gay St., Knoxville, Tenn. 

Opposite Woodruff' 


Designated State Depositary. 

Dr. J. W. Gates, 


Jso. M. Clark, 

Ass't Cdshi 




Does a General 
Banking Business, 

Deals in and sells Exchange on all the 
principal cities. Solicits accounts of indi- 
viduals, firms and corporations on the most 
favorable terms. Liberal treatment assured 
all customers. 

Safety Deposit Boxes For Rent, 
Fire-proof Vault. 

5 Interest Paid on Time Deposits, no matter Ho.v C] 
Small. p 




J. F. Rogers, 


H Candies and 


Home Steam Laundry 

Prompt and 
Satisfactory Work. 

Laundry is sent twice every 
week and returned promptly. 

! If You Want 

Only a $2.00 Hat or 
$2.00 Pair of Shoos, 
do not take just an}' 
old thing, but come 
to us and we will fur- 
nish you the best, 
most serviceable and 
stylish Shoes and 
Hats you ever saw 
for the monev. Other 
goods in proportion. 
Yours to please, 

Beaman Bros. & Co. 

Palace Shoe and 
Hat Store. 

No. 219 Gay Street, 


^^.^l^^^^P^^^^^'^^^ a »?!» v «?(B(<RjCT,p»ft^t^<P>'' ! *' R P>^@ 

• »♦♦♦♦..»»•»♦♦♦♦♦ 

I Union Teachers' Agencies of 

Rev L. D. Bass, D.D., Manager. 

i Pittsburg, Toronto, New Or eans, New York, 
Washington, San Francisco, Chicago, 
St. Louis and Denver. 

1 There are thousands of positions to be 
• tilled. We had over ^,000 vacancies 
during the past season. Teachers needed 
now to contract for next term. Unqual- 
ified facilities for placing teachers in 
every part or the United States and Can- 
ada. Principals, Superintendents, As- 
sistants, Grade teachers, Public, Private, 
Art, Music, etc., wanted. Address all 
applications to Washington, D. C. 


Monuments, Tombstones and General 

Marble Dealer. 

Estimates Promptly Furnished. 

902 South Gay St., Opp. Court=House.. 

Maryivlle College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

MAY, 1899. 



Iloilo, P. I., March 15, 1899. 

I have thought of the dear old College 
many time since I left it last spring. While 
I am lying in my tent or walking my post at 
the dead hour of midnight, not knowing at 
what moment I might be picked off by a 
sly; treacherous insurgent, my mind often 
wanders back across the wide Pacific Ocean 
and the lofty Rocky Mountains to Maryville 
College, which is so dear to the hearts of 
all good students who have attended it. 
I have spent some of my happiest days in 
Maryville College, and I hope to spend 
many more happy days there in the future. 

I will try to give a brief description of my 
trip to the Philippine Islands, and some of 
the most important things that I have seen 
since my arrival. I left Maryville at the 
close of school last year, and went to Nash- 
ville and joined the First Tennessee Regi- 
ment of Volunteers. We stayed at Nash- 
ville until June 10, when we were ordered 
to San Francisco to prepare to go to Man- 
ila. The trip across the plains, the Rocky 
Mountains, the desert and the high Sierra 
Xevadas was very interesting to those of us 
who had not taken the trip before. When 
we arrived at Denver, Col., we could see 
snow-covered mountains in the distance, 
and feel the cold breeze that came from 
them. It was the first snow that I had 
ever seen in mid-summer. We soon began 
to climb the mountains, with two engines 
ptdling us. Winding and twisting through 
the Royal Gorge and across the swinging 
bridge between two almost perpendicular 
walls of rock, many hundred feet high, we 
reached the "Divide," and started across 
the Great Basin. The air was so cold that 
many of the boys wrapped themselves in 
their blankets to keep warm. When we 
reached the top of the Sierra Nevadas, and 
began the descent, the scenery was very 
picturesque and grand. The road that we 
were traveling passed through one of the 
richest gold mining districts in California. 
Much work had been done there, for the 
tops of some very large hills had been com- 
pletely moved away. Passing on through 
rich fruit and wheat districts, we reached 

San Francisco. We received a warm re- 
ception when we arrived, and as we 
marched up Market Street (the principal 
street of San Francisco), half equipped, 
some even without shoes on their feet, and 
many in their shirt sleeves, the people 
crowded the sidewalks and cheered us until 
they were hoarse. Cannons boomed and 
whistles blew in all parts of the city. When 
we reached our place of encampment we 
found that it was a vacant lot of coarse 
sand, which was damp and cold. The cli- 
mate of San Francisco is very cold and 
foggy during the early part of the summer. 
We were compelled to sleep on this cold, 
wet sand for many weeks, and a great num- 
ber of the boys died of colds, pneumonia 
and other diseases caused by exposure to 
the inclement weather. 

The First Tennessee Regiment was not 
ordered to Manila until October, and we 
went aboard the transport Zealandia on 
the 30th of that month. About 3 P.M. we 
steamed out through the Golden Gate with 
the band playing appropriate pieces. All 
were gay and cheerful, but before daylight 
the next morning the sea became rough, 
and the boys began to think of '"Home. 
Sweet Plome." I woke up during the 
night, and some of the boys were cursing 
Uncle Sam, some saying things about the 
Maine that would not look well in print : 
some, between their convulsions, were wish- 
ing the boat would sink, and some were on 
deck delivering up their suppers and din- 
ners of the previous day to the fishes. 
Many were sick all the way to Honolulu. 
where we stopped three days to take on 
coal. Honolulu is one of the most beauti- 
ful cities I have ever seen. It is more like 
a beautiful picture than a real city. It is 
situated at the base of an extinct volcano. 
The houses are built according to modern 
plans, and every lawn is nothing less than 
a small tropical park. Beautiful flowers 
grow everywhere. I spent one day in the 
mountains back of the city. The scenerv 
was wild and beautiful. The third dav we 
weighed anchor and steamed out again into 
the "'ocean, wild and wide.'" and after 
eighteen days of monotony and idleness we 
reached that wonderful, much-talked-of seat 



of war called Manila. We passed an active 
volcano, which is the first one that many 
of us had seen. As we passed through the 
China Sea we were caught in some very 
rough weather, and the boat rocked like a 
piece of cork. The China Sea is nearly al- 
ways very rough, and is much dreaded by 

We entered Manila Bay at sunset, and 
the still body of water lay before us like a 
large lake or inland sea. We began to look 
for Manila, but we were informed by the 
sailors that it would be several hours before 
we could even see it. About 9 P.M. we 
saw the electric lights along the coast and 
near the mouth of the Pasag River. As we 
were steaming up the Bay, suddenly a large, 
black-looking monster appeared near us, 
and threw a powerful searchlight on us. It 
was so powerful that it dazzled us, and we 
could not see until our eyes were accus- 
tomed to the intense light. This was one 
of Dewey's battleships on patrol duty, ex- 
amining everything that came into the Bay. 
After a few signals, we dropped anchor 
about a mile from shore, and remained there 
a week before going ashore. On the 5th 
of December we were loaded on lighters or 
junks and towed ashore, after being 
cooped up on the water thirty-six days. 
We pitched tents outside the city, near the 

The city is divided into two parts by the 
Pasag River. One part is called Old Man- 
ila and is surrounded by a high stone wall. 
This part of the city is composed of Spanish 
residences, cathedrals, government build- 
ings, arsenals and barracks. The streets 
are so narrow that it is almost impossible 
for two wagons to pass each other. Every- 
thing looks very old, and has the appear- 
ance of having seen better days. The stone 
wall is so old that it is covered with moss 
and weeds. The big cathedrals look very 
old and gray or black on the outside. In 
many places 1 have seen bushes growing 
out of the crevices in the wall. The city 
wall has a moat around it, partly filled by 
decaying vegetation and stagnant water. 
As one stands and looks at the old, gray 
city he is carried back many centuries, and 
can call it nothing more appropriate than a 
relict of the dark ages. 

The natives live in bamboo houses, 
thatched with palm leaves, which make 
them resemble a large cornshock or a hay- 
stack. The population is composed of 
Spanish, Chinese, Japanese and Filipinos. 
The Filipinos belong to the Malay race, and 
are very small, but quick and strong. They 

have faces "ugly enough to stop an eight- 
dav clock or a freight train." When we ar- 
rived at Manila the insurgent army had the 
city completely surrounded on all sides ex- 
cept the side next to the Bay. Their out- 
posts were only a few yards from the out- 
posts of the American forces. They were 
quiet and peaceable, but would not allow 
an American to cross their lines without a 
pass from Aguinaldo. Major General Otis 
posted his proclamation concerning the 
government of the Philippines, and the in- 
surgents were not satisfied with it, and 
formed a government of their own at Ma- 
lolos, with Aguinaldo as chief or president. 
They became more hostile every day, until 
February 4, when they attacked the Amer- 
ican forces all along the line. Taps had 
just sounded, and many of the soldiers 
were sleeping on their cots when the battle 
began. An "orderly rode by, going to the 
regimental headquarters, and said, "Pre- 
pare for a call to arms, for we expect trou- 
ble to-night." In a few minutes I heard 
the hring of rifles, and a little later the 
boom of light artillery. The boys jumped 
up, dressed as quickly as possible, threw on 
their canteens, haversacks and side-arms, 
and were soon in line ready for the com- 
mand to march. Soon another orderly 
galloped by to tell the Colonel to bring out 
the regiment. The command was given to 
go forward, and the regiment marched out 
to the outskirts of the city, and waited for 
further orders. We were held in reserve 
until noon the following day (February 5), 
when we were sent to reinforce the Four- 
teenth Regulars. When we reached the 
firing line the Mauser bullets were making 
a cold blue noise as they passed our heads. 
We formed on the left of the Regulars and 
charged across a bamboo bridge and on 
across a rice swamp. The bullets fell in 
showers, but the insurgents were several 
hundred yards away, and fortunately none 
of the Tennessee Regiment were hit. Elev- 
en of the Fourteenth Regulars were killed 
in the charge. The insurgents were com- 
pelled to retreat, and soon the firing ceased. 
After the charge I was detailed, with many 
others, to go over the field and search for 
soldiers who might be wounded and need 
help. In one little opening among the 
bamboos, not larger than a tennis court, I 
found eight dead soldiers, all shot in the 
face or head. One poor fellow had strug- 
gled a great deal before death relieved him, 
and in his agony had smeared his face, 
hands and clothes with his own blood. 
Hope I shall never witness such a scene 



again. We remained on the field until 
daylight next morning, when we were or- 
dered back to camp for rest and sleep. Soon 
the order came to prepare to go to Uoilo. 
It is about three hundred miles from Man- 
ila, on an island called Panay, and is the 
second city in the Philippines in size. The 
Spanish soldiers abandoned it, and the in- 
surgents took possession of it and refused 
to allow the Americans to land. General 
Miller had been there many weeks with a 
regiment of infantry and part of the Sixth 
Artillery, but had not been able to land. 
Dewey had sent the cruisers Boston and 
Petrel to bombard the city, but they were 
waiting for hostilities to begin, and when 
they heard that the battle had commenced 
at Manila they gave them twenty-four 
hours to surrender or move the women and 
children out of the city. We arrived dur- 
ing this time, and the Philippine flag was 
still flying and only a few hours remained 
for them to decide whether they were going 
to surrender or have the city bombarded. 
The European residents hoisted the flags of 
their respective nations to show where their 
property was located. 

Suddenly black columns of smoke began 
to rise from different parts of the city, and 
two shots were fired from the old stone fort 
near the shore. The cruisers cleared for 
action and began the bombardment, which 
lasted about forty-five minutes. By this 
time the business part of the town was a 
mass of flames, and fires were breaking out 
around the outskirts. It could plainly be 
seen that the insurgents were setting the 
city on fire to prevent it from falling into 
the hands of the Americans. We were 
landed as quickly as possible and marched 
up the streets between burning buildings. 
The heat was so intense that it almost blis- 
tered out faces, and many times we had to 
double time to avoid falling walls. In some 
places our progress was interrupted by tele- 
graph wires, the poles having burned down. 
When we reached the river which runs by 
the town the insurgents fired on us from 
the other side, where they had prepared 
trenches, and hit a marine, the ball passing 
through his leg. The afternoon was spent 
in driving them away from the city. We 
slept on the ground, without any dinner or 
supper, and had very little breakfast. We 
have driven the insurgents about three 
miles out into the country, and are waiting 
for reinforcements to drive them further 
away or compel them to surrender. ■ 

D. F. Coldiron, First Tenn., U. S. V. 


State of Tennessee. 

Be it known, That Hubert S. 
Thomas Maguire, Howard M. Welsh. 
Thomas H. McConnell, and Richard M. 
Caldwell, are hereby constituted a body 
corporate and politic by the name and style 
of Young Men's Christian Association of 
Maryville College, the object being to en- 
courage and maintain a Christian Associa- 
tion, as well as physical culture and ath- 
letics among the students and young peo- 
ple, members of and connected with Mary- 
ville College, at Maryville, Tenn., the sup- 
port of public worship, the building of 
churches and chapels, and the maintenance 
of all missionary undertakings. 

The general powers of said corporation 
shall be to sue and be sued by the corpor- 
ate name ; to have and use a common seal, 
which it may alter at pleasure ; if no com- 
mon seal, then the signature of the name 
of corporation, by any duly authorized of- 
ficer, shall be legal and binding; to purchase 
and hold, or receive by gift, bequest, or de- 
vise, in addition to the personal property 
owned by the corporation, real estate neces- 
sary for the transaction of the corporate 
business, and also to purchase or accept any 
real estate in payment, or in part payment, 
of any debt due to the corporation, and sell 
the same ; to establish by-laws and make all 
rules and regulations not inconsistent with 
the laws and constitution deemed expedi- 
ent for the management of corporate af- 
fairs ; and to appoint such subordinate of- 
ficers and agents, in addition to a president 
and secretary or treasurer, as the business 
of the corporation may require ; designate 
the name of the office, and fix the compen- 
sation of the officer. 


The said five or more corporators shall, 
within a convenient time after the regis- 
tration of this charter in the office of the 
Secretary of the State, elect from their 
number a president, secretary, and treasur- 
er, or the last two officers may be com- 
bined into one. said officers and the other 
corporators to constitute the first Board of 


In all elections each member to be en- 
titled to one vote, either in person or by 
proxy, and the result to be determined by 



a majority of the votes cast. Due notice of 
any election must be given by advertise- 
ment in a newspaper, personal notice to the 
members, or a day stated on the minutes 
of the Board six months preceding the 


The Board of Directors shall keep a rec- 
ord of their proceedings, which shall be at 
all times subject to the inspection of any 
member. The corporation may establish 
branches in any other county in the State. 


The Board of Directors may have the 
power to increase the number of Directors 
to seven or ten, if they deem the interest 
of the corporation requires such increase, 
and the first or any subsequent Board of 
Directors may have the power to elect 
other members, who, on acceptance of 
membership, shall become corporators 
equally with the original corporators. 

The Board of Directors shall have the 
right to determine what amount of money 
paid into the treasury shall be a prerequi- 
site for membership, or, if necessary, what 
amount shall be thus annually paid ; and 
a failure thus to pay shall, in the discretion 
of the directors, justify the expulsion of said 
defaulting member. 

The term of all officers may be fixed by 
the by-laws, the said term not, however, to 
exceed three years. All officers hold over 
until their successors are duly elected and 


The general welfare of society, not indi- 
vidual profit, is the object for which this 
charter is granted, and hence the members 
are not stockholders in the legal sense of 
the term, and no dividends or profits shall 
be divided among the members. 


The members may at any time volun- 
tarily dissolve the corporation by a convey- 
ance of its assets and property to any other 
corporation holding a charter from the 
State for purposes not of individual profit, 
first providing for corporate debts. 

A violation of any of the provisions of the 
charter shall subject the corporation to dis- 
solution, at the instance of the State. 


This charter is subject to modification 
or amendment ; and in case said modifica- 

tion or amendment is not accepted, corpor- 
ate business is to cease, and the assets and 
property, after payment of debts, are to be 
conveyed, as aforesaid, to some other cor- 
poration holding a charter for purposes 
.not of individual profit. Acquiescence in 
any modification thus declared, shall be de- 
termined in a meeting of the members es- 
pecially called for that purpose, and only 
those voting in favor of the modification 
shall thereafter compose the corporation. 


The means, assets, income, or other 
property of the corporation shall not be 
employed, directly or indirectly, for any 
other purpose whatever than to accomplish 
the legitimate object of its creation, and by 
no implication or construction shall it pos- 
sess the power to issue notes or currency, 
deal in currency, notes, or coin, buy and 
sell products, or engage in any kind of 
trading operation, nor hold any more real 
estate than is necessary for its legitimate 


Expulsion shall be the only remedy for 
the non-payment of dues by the members, 
and there shall be no individual liability 
against the member for corporate debts, 
but the entire corporate property shall be 
liable for the claims of creditors. 

We, the undersigned, apply to the State 
of Tennessee, by virtue of the laws of the 
land, for a charter of incorporation, for the 
purposes and with the powers declared in 
the foregoing instrument. 

Witness our hands, the nth day of 
March. 1899. 

Hubert S. Lyle, 
Thomas Maguire. 
Howard M. Welsh, 
Thomas H. McConnell, 
Richard M. Caldwell. 

State of Tennessee, Blount County. 

Personally appeared before me, Benj. 
Cunningham, Clerk of the County Court 
for the county and State aforesaid, Hubert 
S. Lyle, Thomas Maguire, Howard M. 
Welsh, Thomas H. McConnell, Richard M. 
Caldwell, with each of whom I am per- 
sonally acquainted, and who acknowledged 
that they executed the foregoing instru- 
ment for the purposes therein expressed. 

Witness my hand and official seal, at 
office, in Maryville, this nth day of March. 
1899. Benj. Cunningham. 

Clerk Countv Court. 



Register's Office. 
State of Tennessee, Blount County. 
Received the foregoing- instrument for 
record the nth day of March, 1899, at 8 
o'clock A.M. 

Noted in Note Book C, page 66, and 
recorded in Book of Corporations, Vol. 1, 
page 144. 

Witness my hand, at office, this 16th day 
of March, 1899. Charles E. Kidd, 


State of Tennessee. 

I, William S. Morgan, Secretary of State 
for the State of Tennessee, do certify that 
the foregoing instrument, with the cercifi- 
cate of acknowledgment of probate and reg- 
istration, was filed in my office for registra- 
tion on the 20th day of March, 1899, and 
recorded on the 20th day of March,. 1899, 
in Corporation Record Book "O O," in 
said office, on page 316. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto 
subscribed my official sig mature, and, by 
Order of the Governor affixed the Great 
Seal of the State of Tennessee, at the De- 
partment of State, in the city of Nashville, 
on this 20th day of March, 1899. 

William S. Morgan, 
Secretarv of State. 

I. Charles E. Kidd, Register for Blount 
County, do certify that the above certificate 
was filed in my office for registration 
March 21, 1899, and was registered in Cor- 
poration Book, Vol. 1, page 147, March 
21.1899. Charles E. Kidd, 

Register Blount County. 


The Winona Assembly and Summer 
School has won for itself the recognition of 
being the largest enterprise of its kind man- 
aged by Presbyterians. It will soon enter 
upon the fifth season, and a brief review of 
its history, as well as a glance into plans 
for the future, will show how wonderfully 
God has blessed the efforts to establish an 
institution of its character, dedicated to 
him and the enlargement of his work. 

It is located two miles east of Warsaw, 
Ind., one hundred and twenty miles north 
of Indianapolis, and one hundred and ten 
miles east of Chicago. Warsaw forms the 
junction of the Pittsburg & Ft. Wayne 
branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and 
the Michigan Division of the Big Four 
System. A special train on the Pennsyl- 
vania Road runs from Winona Lake to 

Warsaw at frequenl interval ig all 

north and south-bound trait all 

trains, except the Limited on 
vania Line, stop at the Winona Lake sta- 
tion, near the entrance to the I 'ark 
canal one-half mile in length connects the 
lake with Warsaw ; the boat landing is but 
a short distance from the Big Four station. 

Organized in the beginning as a Synod- 
ical work, Winona has grown until it has 
assumed national proportions, and its value 
has been indorsed by the Church at large. 
The General Assembly has met there twice, 
while many State and inter-State meetings 
have found it admirably equipped for large 
gatherings. Some select it annually. The 
desire and aim which prompted its organi- 
zation have ever been paramount in its de- 
velopment and enlargement, namely, that of 
making it a religious, educational and so- 
cial center for the Church. 

It is not a speculation scheme in any 
sense. All profits above interest on bonds 
and stock will be invested in improvements. 
When necessary outlay for that purpose has 
been made. Home Missions will become 
Winona's beneficiary. The natural advan- 
tages are unsurpassed for beauty and adap- 
tability. The lake is about three miles in 
length, irregular in shape, varying in width 
from three-fourths of a mile to two miles. 
It affords ample facilities for fishing, bath- 
ing and rowing. Small steamboats make 
daily trips round the lake for the pleasure 
of those who prefer that means of enjoying 
the water to rowing. Stretching back from 
the lake some distance is the park, whose 
natural attractiveness has been enhanced by 
the landscape gardener. Forest trees 
abound, flowers grow in profusion, lily 
ponds are dotted here and there, while rus- 
tic seats and trailing vines form many rest- 
ful nooks. The splendid walks and drive- 
wavs make bicycling a favorite exercise. 
Other recreation is provided for by the 
tennis courts and croquet and ball grounds. 
Athletic sports are encouraged, and directed 
by competent instructors. Conspicuous 
among Winona's attractions, if indeed not 
the most prominent, is the large number of 
mineral springs found in all parts of the 
grounds. Some of these have been ana- 
lyzed and found to contain superior medi- 
cinal properties. The springs are used al- 
together for drinking purposes, while the 
water-works supply the cottages with water 
for household purposes. During the last 
vear a sewerage system was completed, 
which enlarges the conveniences of the 
homes and insures perfect sanitation. Many 

1 84 


neat and comfortable cottages line the ter- 
races, which rise above the park and over- 
look the lake. The number of cottages 
will be increased this year by the erection of 
new ones. A grocery store, drug store, 
laundry and dairy are centered about the 
business block; the Warsaw markets are 
near by; so, altogether, housekeeping at 
Winona is rendered easy by all conveni- 
ences people find at home. For those who 
come for a short stay, or prefer boarding, 
two large and well furnished hotels, board- 
ing houses and restaurants provide ample 
accommodations at reasonable prices. 

Winona's Auditorium is one of the finest 
to be found anywhere, not alone at summer 
assemblies. It has a seating capacity of 
two thousand, with a gallery extending half 
way round the building. An incline floor, 
with opera chairs, and a large stage add to 
its completeness. The sides are so ar- 
ranged that they can be lifted, thus giving 
perfect circulation of air during warm 
weather. No one is ever forced to remain 
away because of discomfort or heat. 

One of the most important additions 
during the past year is the Lyman Mar- 
shall Home for Home Missionaries. It is a 
commodious, cheerful home of twenty or 
more rooms, and was largely the gift of 
Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Marshall, of Collins- 
ville, 111., other friends adding to their gen- 
erous donation. It is named for Mr. Mar- 
shall's father, Rev. Lyman Marshall, who 
for many years served faithfully as a Home 
Missionary. Missionaries whose salaries 
do not exceed $1,000 are entitled to its ben- 
efits. Everything except meals is provid- 
ed for their comfort, free of charge. An 
outline of the program for the season of 
'99, which opens July 4, will give a compre- 
hensive idea of the many advantages offered 
to those seeking rest, pleasure, intellectual 
and spiritual uplift. 

The Summer School represents in its 
faculty eighteen leading colleges and uni- 
versities of the Central West and South. 
Dr. S. T. Wilson is to be the representative 
of Maryville College. Special courses are 
offered in Latin, Greek. French, German, 
Spanish, mathematics, natural sciences, his- 
tory, music, literature, manual training, 
pedagogy, psychology, sociology, drawing, 
kindergarten study, physical culture, ora- 
tory and expression, cooking, biology and 
the fine arts. The most important addition 
to the Summer School is the removal of the 
biological station of the Indiana University 
from Turkey Lake to Winona. It is ex- 
pected one hundred and twenty-five stu- 

dents will be enrolled for this course, which 
will be given by Professor Eigenman, of the 
Indiana University, who has permanent 
charge of the station. Dr. W. P. Kane, 
President of the Summer School, is a man 
of large leadership and executive ability, 
and is eminently fitted to successfully man- 
age an organization so unique and far- 
reaching as it is proving to be. 

The Assembly program will open with a 
patriotic celebration in keeping with the 
Fourth of July. Governor Mount and 
United States Senator Beveridge, of Indi- 
ana, have promised to be present and speak. 
Some of the most brilliant lecturers and 
speakers before the public are engaged for 
the dates which are to follow. Among 
them are Bishop McCabe, who will speak 
Grand Army day ; Rev. Sam Jones, Mr. 
Leon Vincent, President Jenkins, of the 
Indianapolis University ; Dr. George W. 
Briggs, Mrs. May Wright Sewall and Mrs. 
Ida Wells Barnett. Miss Katharine Oliver, 
the Scotch dialect reader ; Alton Packard, 
the cartoonist; Charles Montanille Flower, 
the impersonator, and Signor Bosco, the 
prestidigitateur, will also appear. There 
will be illustrated lectures on Japan, Manila 
and the Philippines, and other interesting 
subjects. The Edison Projectoscope will 
provide two evenings. 

The musical attractions will present a 
pleasing variety. The Rock Band, of Eng- 
land, will give two entertainments. An 
orchestra will be present for the season 
and will not only be heard in the Audito- 
rium, but throughout the park in the after- 

The Cincinnati College of Music will fur- 
nish instructors for the Musical Depart- 
ment of the Summer School and provide 
musical evenings each week for the pro- 
gram. Celebrated artists will be secured 
for concerts and oratorios. The Bible 
School, which follows immediately at the 
close of the Summer School and Assem- 
bly, will open August 16 and continue ten 
days. Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman has charge 
of the Bible School and has invited a num- 
ber of the leading preachers and Bible 
teachers of the country to assist him. It 
is believed Rev. F. B. Meyer, of London, 
will be present. If he is in this country, 
there is no doubt but he will come West 
for the Bible School. Dr. George Purves, 
of Princeton ; Dr. Moorehead, of Xenia ; 
Professor Moore, of the Southern Theo- 
logical Seminary ; Dr. Torrey. of Chicago ; 
Dr. Carron, of Brooklyn ; Mr. John Willis 
Baer, of Boston, and others of equal note 



have promised to assist. The Indiana 
Y. W. C. A. Encampment will be held at 
the time the Bible School meets. Minis- 
ters, lay workers and all who are engaged 
and interested in the promotion of Chris- 
tian activity and the deepening of their 
spiritual lives, can not afford to miss this 
conference. Over two thousand attended 
last year and gave evidence of the benefit 
they derived. 

Evident as has been Winona's prosperity 
in the past, there is every reason to believe 
a greater future is before her. Established 
lines of work will be enlarged and strength- 
ened, while new departures will be made. 
One which seems not far off is the estab- 
lishing of a preparatory winter school of 
the highest grade with military and normal 
attachments. This will in no way interfere 
with the Summer School, but will be a 
separate concern. It is the purpose to have 
a Federation of Colleges, some of which 
are represented in the Summer School. 
This school will be conducted like any pre- 
paratory school, except that instead of pre- 
paring one for college only, it will be affil- 
iated with and have its work accepted by 
manv colleges. Winona with all its inter- 
ests should have and is receiving the sup- 
port of loyal Presbyterians, who covet its 
advancement in every way. 


San Juan, P. R., April 17, 1899. 

Mr. Editor: — Having once been a stu- 
dent of Maryville College, and still feeling 
an interest in it, I send you a short descrip- 
tion of our new territory, Porto Rico. 

San Juan is situated on the southwestern 
part of the island, the larger part being on 
a peninsula. The city has very small, nar- 
row streets, and the houses are seldom over 
two stories high. The rich merchants, as 
a rule, live over their stores, and have very 
fine country houses in the suburbs, which 
they occupy in summer. These houses are 
now occupied by American families. In 
the center of the city is a "plaza," or large 
stone court, which has seats around the 
side for the accommodation of the public. 
Every Wednesday night the Porto Rican 
bands play their queer music here, and ev- 
en- Sunday night the American band gives 
a concert. Everybody attends these con- 
certs, and it is here that you see the very 
best society on the island. Most all the 
larger and important stores face the 
"plaza." The Governor's palace is also sit- 
uated here. 

The climate is delightful in 1 
a stiff breeze is alwa >g. and there 

is only ten degrees difference between sum- 
mer and winter. 

The soil is very rich, and will yield three 
crops a year of wheat, corn and potatc 
In fact, everything that we have in the 
States in the way of vegetables, seems 
grow here. 

Palms, cocoanuts, bananas and oranges 
are here in abundance ; also coffee, which 
ranks among the finest in the world. 

Liquors and cigars are sold in all the 
grocery stores on the island, and at re- 
markably low prices. 

The people do not buy dry goods here 
at stores, but depend entirely on a man 
that goes around with a basket with laces, 
linen, needles and buttons, etc. 

Al! the saloons, or casinos as they are 
called, have gambling houses, which are 
always crowded. Then, there is cock- 
fighting (which is the national sport) every 
Sunday. Everybody gambles, from the 
priest down to the six or seven-year-old 
child. The priests are said to win more 
money at gambling than any one else. 

Fruit is very cheap here — pineapples as 
big as one's head for three cents apiece; 
bananas, four for one cent, and oranges 
three for one cent. 

The houses are very queer. In place of 
windows they have shutters, which you 
close at night, because it gets very cold here 
after 5 o'clock. The natives go in their 
house and close everything up : they have 
a peculiar dread of the night air. 

If you enter a rich man's house on the 
island, you will be surprised to see how 
poorlv it is furnished. The principal room 
is generally furnished with a table in the 
center of the room, with a pot of flowers on 
it, and on each side of the room is a row of 
chairs with high, straight backs. The 
only other furnishing is a large mirror hung 
on the wall, and another table, which is 
bare. The bedrooms are small, and are 
furnished with a bed devoid of mattresses, 
simply with a blanket laid over the springs, 
and over that are the sheets and another 
blanket, but a canopy or mosquito bar, 
made of muslin and tied back with ribbons, 
is supplied. The only other article is a 
washstand and a chair. But one thing can 
be said in their favor, and that is that every- 
thing is clean, except that there is a super- 
abundance of fleas, which make one's life 

The inhabitants of Porto Rico are of a 
red color, and look a great deal like the 



American Indian. The Spaniards are 
purer blooded, and seem to be more intelli- 
gent. The lower classes are poor, ignorant 
and very dirtv. They do not seem to ever 
bathe. The ' children do not wear any 
clothes till they are three or four years old. 
and the men and women seldom wear shoes, 
and have a very thick skin on the soles of 
their feet. The chief food of the native is 
codfish, bananas, bread fruit, oranges and 
plantains, which are a species of bananas. 
Meat is so expensive that many natives 
have never tasted it. 

Native labor is very cheap, ranging from 
twenty-five to fifty cents per day. The 
native' does not work like the American, 
but carries everything on his head. He 
will get four men' to lift a trunk on his head, 
and will trot off with it, laughing and sing- 
ing, while he would not be able to carry it 
ten yards with his hands. 

A Porto Rican has no respect for the 
dead. As soon as one of their friends or 
relatives die, they put the body in a box 
shaped like a coffin, and put a sheet over 
the top. Then four men get hold and take 
it off to the cemetery. Sometimes the box 
is rented. If that is the case, the body is 
thrown in the grave and covered over. 

The horses resemble the American 
"broncho" in size, as they never grow as 
large as the horses we have in the North. 
They are never known to walk, always 
either going at a gallop or pace. 

Porto Rico is a rich country, but has very 
poor people : it has had a government 
which has enriched a few, but made slaves 
of manv. F. C. Schirmer. 

spare time. I might mention a number of 
other committees, but forbear. 

"May will be a busy month at. Shanghai. 
The Anti-Opium League and the Christian 
Endeavor Societies are also planning for 
meetings here. 

"Mrs. Cameron, whose name I send you 
for the Monthly, was once a Maryville 
student. Her maiden name was Miss Wil- 
liams, and her father had a store at Rock- 
ford, and afterwards lived at Maryville to 
get the benefit of educational facilities. 
Manv will no doubt remember her. She 
and her husband are independent mission- 
aries, supported by several churches in Col- 
orado, and hope to enter the hostile pro- 
vince of Hunan. We had a pleasant visit 
from them while waiting in Shanghai, pre- 
paratory to moving further inland. I wish 
I could' write an intelligent article on the 
present political status of the Chinese em- 
pire, but just now it seems to have no sta- 
tus. We hear of local rebellions here and 
there, famines in several districts, a little 
rioting by those who fear that the railroad 
and other innovations will bring dire calam- 
ity to China. We hear also of encroach- 
ments of European nations, "foreign con- 
cessions," "spheres of influence," "leased 
territory, ' ' etc. , etc. The situation is almost 
as incoherent as this letter, but God is 
marching on. and his missionaries are full 
of hope for the future." 


Our representative in China. Rev. J. A. 
Silsby, writes us a few lines from Shanghai, 
as follows : 

"Next month we have our National Edu- 
cational Convention at Shanghai, and I 
hope to get some inspiration from that 
which will enable me to write something 
of interest for the Monthly. You may 
expect something soon after that meeting 
closes, and when the report is printed I 
expect to remember the College library. I 
am Secretary of the National Executive 

"At nearly the same time, just following, 
we have a National Convention of the Col- 
lege Y. M. C. A.s of China. I am also on 
the Executive Committee of that organi- 
zation, being Vice-President, and the duties 
connected with committee work here at 
Shanghai take up a good deal of one's 


10:30 A.M. — Baccalaureate, Dr. S. W. 

7:30 P.M. — Annual address before the 
Christian Associations, Prof. Henry G. 


10:30 A.M. — Undergraduate exercises. 

7:30 P.M. — Address before the Adelphic 
Union Literary Society, Prof. Henry G. 


10:30 A.M. — Undergraduate exercises. 
2:00 P.M. — Senior Class Day exercises. 
7:30 P.M. — Adelphic Union. 


9:00 A.M. — Meeting Board of Directors. 
2:00 P.M. — Recital, Mrs. West and Miss 
8:00 P.M. — Senior concert, Legion Band. 


9:30 A.M. — Commencement exercises. 
8:00 P.M. — Alumni banquet and social 






•a- Legion Band -& 


DVH^Y 24, 1899, 8 O'CLOCK IP. 1ML. 


March, "American Victor}-," 

Overture ... 

Bass Solo 

Serenade, La Bella Mexicana 

Swedish Wedding March 

Violin Solo, "Hungarian Dance," (Mr. C. A. Garratt ) 

Selection, "The Serenade" 

Trombone Solo, "Concerto," (Mr. Joseph Hicks) 

The Musical Critic's Dream, ( a modern melody among old composers 

Soprano Solo, "Spring Song," ( Mrs. John Lamar Meek ) 

Gavotte, "First Heart Throbs" 

March, "Hands Across the Sea" 






Kela Bela 






. Sousa 




1895— Brick-making by the students. 
1896 — Foundations laid. 
jg 97 — Building erected and inclosed. 
1898— Gymnasium part opened for use. 

The history of the Y. M. C. A. and Gym- 
nasium Building of Maryville College has 
been often told. Kin Takahashi, a Japan- 
ese graduate of '95, was the originator of 
the movement. In May, '95, the students 
under his leadership formed the "Bartlett 
Hall Building Association." 

During two years Kin Takahashi solicit- 
ed funds, and after his departure for his na- 
tive land, in '97, the work of soliciting was 
mainly done by Prof. John G. Newman, 
Rev. William R. Dawson, Rev. Frank E 
Moore, Hubert S. Lyle, and Prof. Herman 
A. Goff. 

Cash received to May 1 , 1 899 . . $ 1 1 , 267 . 45 
Yet needed to complete aud furnish, 3,000 

Some of the subscriptions made have 
been anticipated in putting up the building, 
so that if all those whose subscriptions are 
due will send them to the treasurer, Wil- 
liam A. McTeer, it will make it easier to 
solicit the remaining $3,000 necessary to 
complete and furnish the building, includ- 
ing bath-rooms, parlor, reading room, dor- 
mitory rooms and large auditorium. 

The Monthly will publish in each issue 
the names of those who make, or have 
made, contributions to this fund, number- 
ing them in the order in which they appear 
upon the treasurer's book. 

Cash receipts from December, 1895, to 
March, 1896, were: 

22 Mamie Gamble $ 5 °° 

23 John C. Crawford 5 00 

24 Hugh Crawford 2 5 

25 Lydia J. Franklin 1 00 

26 Etta McClung 1 00 

27 A friend, Chattanooga 20 00 

28 Prof. S. T. Wilson 25 00 

29 Augusta Muecke 1 00 

30 Prof. J. H. M. Sherrill 25 00 

31 Prof. E. B. Waller 25 00 

32 Cash 10 00 

33 Cordelia Young 1 00 

34 Prof. J. G. Newman 20 00 

35 W. A. E. Campbell 3 50 

36 Prof. J. C. Barnes 15 00 

37 H. M. Franklin 1 00 

38 Minnie Swan I 00 

39 Mrs. H. G. Veasey 1 00 

40 Prof. George S. Fisher 10 00 

41 Paralie Tillery 1 00 

42 Charles B. Moore 5 °° 

43 J. H. Hallenback, Wilkesbarre. 10 00 

44 Miss Nettie Sexton 1 00 

45 Miss M. E. Henry 2 00 

46 Cash 85 

Cash receipts for April, 1899: 

432 Clem. Wilson 1 00 

433 W. A. Campbell 3 I2 

434 Prof. J. G. Newman 20 00 

435 Rev. W. E. Graham 25 00 

436 S. S. Second Presb. Church, 

Chattanooga 20 00 

437 A. A. Griffes ' • • • 2 00 

438 W. T. Ramsey 2 08 

439 R. W. Post 2 00 

440 J. C. Blauvelt, Greenbush Ch. . 13 00 

441 Lena Atkins l °° 



Maryville College Monthly, 

Vol. I. 

APRIL, 1899. 

No. 8. 

ELMER B. WALLER. Editor-in-Chief, 



Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 


Bainonian. Theta Epsilon. 

CHARLES N. MAGILL. j RlT1 . rVTrsB M .,,, rm 
JOSEPH M. BROADY, j Bus,I,,M8 Managers, 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, 25 cents a year; Single Copies, 5 

Address all communications to 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Term. 

Entered at Maryville, Tei.n., as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


On Friday, May 5, Miss M. E. Henry 
delivered a lecture before the students on 
the subject of "Etiquette." 

Mr. William Thomas, our janitor, has the 
sympathy of the entire College in the loss of 
. his wife, who died the latter part of April. 

The Sunday-school of Glendale, O., Rev. 
D. A. Heron, '82, pastor, has won a fine 
banner, given by the Cincinnati Presbytery 
for the best record of the 66 schools in 
the Presbytery for highest average attend- 
ance and increased proportional attendance. 

Mrs. Emeline T. Wilson, mother of Prof. 
S. T. Wilson, died on May 6. The funeral 
was held at the church, and the very large 
attendance testified of the great esteem and 
love in which she was held. Dr. Board- 
man, assisted by Profs. Waller, Newman 
and Goff, conducted the services, and spoke 
feelingly of the many years of service which 
she had rendered, both in foreign fields 
and at home, for the Master's kingdom. 
The interment was at Grand View, where 
her husband is buried. 

For the past month the preparatory de- 
partment has had one of Uncle Sam's new 
charges in the person of a young Porto 
Rican, Manoel Mislan. He is a native of 
the town of Arecivo, and attached himself 
to the Third Tennessee Regiment in Porto 
Rico. Captain Bowers brought him to 
Kingston, Tenn., when the regiment was 
mustered out. At Kingston he was point- 
ed out to Mr. J. Lee Colbert, of Maryville. 
and formerlv a missionary worker at Sao 

Paulo, Brazil. Mr. Colbert con irh 

him in Portuguese, and afterwards thought 
it his Christian duty to make some efifi 
educate him. Knowing that Maryville 
College, in company with many other 
leges, had offered to give free tuition to at 
least two Cubans, Mr. Colbert brought him 
to this place, and placed him in the pre- 
paratory department. Manoel is a bright 
and interesting boy, and if means are con- 
tributed for his support, he will be kept in 
school next year. Contributions for this 
worthy purpose of educating one of our na- 
tion's new subjects may be sent to Mr. Col- 
bert or to Dr. Boardman. 

The addresses at commencement before 
the Y. M. C. A. and before the Adelphic 
Union will be delivered by Prof. Henry 
Goodwin Smith, D.D., of Lane Theological 
Seminary. Professor Smith was for sev- 
eral years pastor of the large, historic Pres- 
byterian Church of Freehold. N. J. 
He is a son of the eminent Professor 
Henry B. Smith, D.D., of Union The- 
ological Seminary, who was in his day dis- 
tinguished as an author and teacher, and 
was moderator of the General Assembly (N. 
S.) at Philadelphia, in 1863. 

The meeting of the Tennessee Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs at Maryville was- 
well attended, and many of the students 
received benefit by its sessions. The most 
important social feature of the convention 
was the reception given by the Chilhowee 
Club, of College Hill, the beautiful resi- 
dence of President Boardman. The Knox- 
ville Journal has the following concerning 

"Thursday evening a magnificent recep- 
tion was given to the ladies of the Federa- 
tion by President and Mrs. Boardman. of 
Maryville College. 

"The house was filled with the thronging 
crowd ; fine music was furnished by the Col- 
lege, and a delicious luncheon, consisting 
of salads, ice cream, cake and coffee, was 
bountifully provided for all who came to 
take part in the happy occasion. 

"The Chilhowee Club assisted in receiv- 
ing tie visitors, and 'tis almost needless to 
state that all who came to Maryville and to 
that reception went away rejoiced. 

"One of the notable facts about Maryville 
College, and one which industrial institu- 
tions mav well bear in mind, is that the 
students of the College themselves made the 
brick with which the College Y. M. C. A. 
building: is constructed." 



A volume on "The History of New Eng- 
land Theology," by Dr. S. W. Boardman, 
Prof. Emeritus of Systematic Theology in 
Chicago Theological Seminary, has just 
been issued from the press of the A. D. F. 
Randolph Company. The New Divinity 
is traced in its development through the 
century from 1730 to 1830. President Ed- 
wards is perhaps the central figure, but the 
whole movement, from the beginning of the 
eighteenth century to the unfolding of the 
New Haven theology, is succinctly de- 
scribed. There is scarcely any portion of 
ecclesiastical literature more worthy of 
study than this. The condition of Puri- 
tanism in New England from 1630 to 1730, 
which gave rise to this theology, is briefly 
sketched. The Great Awakening, under 
Whitfield and others, is noticed. The final 
rupture between the Unitarians and the Or- 
thodox is brought to light. Amazing 
acuteness of thought pervaded these subtle 
New England speculations. Their influ- 
ence has been far reaching. Dr. Boardman 
has made a life-long study of this field, and 
has produced a clear, condensed account of 
an important movement in the history of 
human thought. It is a book which could 
not have been written without close and 
protracted attention to the contents of large 
libraries, affording the widest range for the 
study of the literature, often rare, of this 

An article in the May "Green Bag" pays 
this tribute to college literary societies: 

"The training received in a literary so- 
ciety is an invaluable part of a collegiate 
education. It develops what there is in a 
boy, gives him self-confidence, improves his 
style as a debater and a writer, and adds to 
his grace as a speaker. It also strengthens 
the attachment which a man feels in after 
years for the institution in which he was 
educated. It is indeed surprising how 
strong is the attachment which some men 
feel for the literary society to which they 
once belonged. Not long ago I heard of a 
distinguished judge in a Western State 
writing back for a badge of the society of 
which he was a member some twenty-five 
years ago. I know a distinguished mem- 
ber of the bar of Washington City who is 
as loyal and true now to the college society 
of which he was a member years ago as he 
was the day he graduated. And these are 
by no means exceptional cases. The col- 
lege literary society should be fostered in 
every possible way. The student body of 
every educational institution should be en- 
couraged in their effort to build up their 

college society. Where it is possible, they 
should have a hall and library of their own. 
These will not only contribute to their com- 
fort, pleasure, and improvement, but in ad- 
dition they will awaken in them a spirit of 
pride and self-respect, which will benefit 
them not only while they are in college, but 
ever afterwards." 


The base ball season of 1899 for Mary- 
ville College has been from most stand- 
points a decided success, and the team has 
made a record worthy of the College it rep- 
resents. Although we do not attempt to 
say that the team is the strongest in the 
annals of the College, we do say that it 
ranks high in the list of the honored. We 
are pleased to announce that although the 
team has met some of the strongest teams 
in Tennessee, it has not suffered a single 

Particular mention should be made of the 
team work and the excellent way in which 
the team has been captained by its efficient 
captain, W. T. Bartlett, who has not only 
outdone himself in that office, but also at 
his position on second base. We would 
also make mention of the battery work, 
which has been the feature of more than 
one of the games. Although the team is 
weak in this particular from one standpoint, 
having but one efficient pitcher, we would 
say that in the games in which Everett 
pitched there was but little doubt as to the 
result from the beginning. 

If time and room permitted, others of the 
team might be mentioned, but being un- 
able to do this, we give below the records 
of some of the games, also the fielding and 
batting averages of the men. In this way 
vou may gain a good knowledge of the 
work done by the various men on the 

Maryville vs. Knoxville, at Maryville, 
April 11, 1899: 

A B. R lUS H P.O. A. E 

Bartlett 5 2 2 2 o 2 o 

McTeer 4 3 2 2 6 o o 

Everett \ 2 2 2 1 2 1 

McCullock 5 1 o 010 1 1 

Prater 5 2 1 o 1 o o 

Brient 5 o o o o o o 

Goddard 5 1 o o 6 o o 

Taylor 4 o 1 1 1 3 1 

Henry 5 o o o 2 2 o 

Totals 42 11 8 7 27 10 3 

Two-base hit, Everett ; base on balls, off 


r 9 i 

Hale 4, off Everett I ; struck out, Hale 4, 
Everett 5. Score, 11 to 2. 

Maryville vs. Knoxville, at Maryville, 
May 1, 1899: 

A B. K. 1 I!. S.I-I. P O. A. 10 

Bartlett 5 1 4 4 3 2 o 

McTeer 4 1 2 210 o 1 

Everett 4 1 I 1 on o 

Ruble 4 1 1 o 1 4 o 

Prater 4 o o o 1 o o 

Brient 4 o o o 1 o o 

Henry 3 1 o o 8 o o 

Goddarci 4 o o o 2 1 o 

Taylor 4 1 o o 1 2 2 

Totals 36 6 8 7 27 20 3 

Two-base hits, Maloney, Ruble, Everett ; 
three-base hits, Bartlett, McTeer ; passed 
balls, McCall, McTeer ; base on balls, off 
Hale 1, off Everett 2: struck out, Hale 6, 
Everett 1 1 . Score, 6 to 6 at end of ninth 
inning. Game called on account of dark- 

Maryville vs. Knoxville, at Marvville, 
April 22, 1899: 

A Ii. K ] B. S II. I' 0. A V, 

Bartlett 5 1 i 1 2 1 

McTeer 6-1 2 2 10 o o 

Everett 5 3 2 2 013 o 

Prater 5 o 2 2 1 o 1 

Goddarci 6 o 1 r 2 o 1 

Taylor 6 o 1 t i 2 3 

Ruble 6.2 1 1 o 3 o 

Henry 5 2 2 2 8 o o 

Brient 5 2 1 1 3 o o 

Total s 52 t 1 13 13 27 19 5 

Three-base hits, Ruble, Henry, Presley ; 
two-base hits, Moffett ; base on balls, off 
Hale 5, off Everett 3 ; struck out, Hale 3, 
Everett it. Score, n to 8. 

Maryville vs. Mt. Grays, at Maryville, 
April 28, 1899: 

A Ii R. 1 I! S.II. P A. )•:. 

Bartlett 5 1 4 1 o o o 

McTeer 5 2 3 215 1 o 

Everett 5 1 4 2 2 1 o 

A. B. Goddard. . . . 5 1 4 1 o 1 o 

Ruble 5 o 4 1 1 3 o 

Goddard 5 o o o 1 o o 

Kitchen 4 1 2 2 t o o 

Henry 4 2 2 7 o 

Prater 5 1 2 1 o o 2 

Totals 43 7 25 12 27 6 2 

Earned runs, Bartlett; horn' run 
Teer; wild pitch, Davis; basi off 

Dunn 1, off Everett 2 ; struck om. by I )u 
2, by Everett 14. Score, 7 to [. 

Marvville vs. Mt. Grays, at Maryville, 
April 29, 1899: 

a.b: 11. ] b. -.11 ,p.o. \. 1.. 

Bartlett 5 2 1 1 4 4 o 

McTeer 5 o 2 2 8 1 1 

Everett 5 o o o 010 o 

Prater 4 1 o o 1 1 o 

A. B. Goddard. ... 4000 1 o 1 

Ruble 4 1 o o 2 2 o 

G. Goddard 41 10 o o o 

Brient 4 1 o o 1 o o 

Henry 4 1 x o 10 4 2 

Totals 39 6 5 4 27 22 2 

Earned runs, 1 ; three-base hits, Henry, 
Davis ; wild pitch, Davis ; bases on balls, off 
Davis 1, off Everett 3 ; struck out. Davi- 9, 
Everett 9. Score, 6 to 4. 


Kitchen 500 

McTeer 413 

Everett 400 

Bartlett 370 

Ruble 374 

Henry 259 

A. B. Goddard 214 

Prater 200 

Taylor 167 

G. 'Goddard tit 

Brient 041 

Total averages 232 













The Athenian Quartet has been before 
the public for some time, and has been ev- 
erywhere favorably received. Especially 
was this manifested at Jonesboro. Green- 
ville, Morristown, New Market and Knox- 
ville during the recent Glee Club trip. The 
enthusiasm displayed at the rendering of 
their selections was spontaneous. 

There has been a constant demand for 
their services at Maryville. and they have 
twice this year been to Knoxville and Xew 
Market. During the meeting of the Ten- 
nessee vState Federation of Women's 
Clubs, at Maryville, the quartet sang so ac- 
ceptably that the Knoxville Sentinel com- 
mented thus: "The Athenian Quartet sang 
a 'Serenade' than which there is no better 
in the South. Thev were enforced to sive 



an encore which was responded with a 
sweet plantation melody." 

The members, thus encouraged by these 
successes, contemplate making an exten- 
sive tour in June, and they expect to ap- 
pear before audiences at Marvville, South 
Knoxville, Bearden, London, Sweetwater, 
Athens, Cleveland, Chattanooga, Soddy, 
Sale Creek, Dayton, Rockwood, Harriman, 
and other towns along this route. They 
will also make a trip to New Market, Dan- 
dridge, Morristown, Greenville, Jonesboro 
ancf Johnson City. 

The program will consist of choruses, 
medleys, serenades, plantation melodies and 
other interesting features. 

The quartet is organized on sound busi- 
ness principles. The energetic advance 
agent, Mr. Joseph Broady, will start a few 
days ahead to make the final arrangements 
at the different places. 

A half-tone engraving of the quartet ap- 
pears on the front page. Beginning on the 
left hand, the names and parts of the mem- 
bers are as follows : 

W. R. Jones, first tenor. 

J- Q. Wallace, second tenor. 

W. H. Harmon, first bass. 

C. H. Elmore, second bass. 


Fridav, May 12, was field day, and a 
large crowd gathered to witness the athletic 
contests in the college grove. The princi- 
pal events, winners and records are as fol- 
lows : 

Base Ball Throw. — Everett, 110 yards; 
Henry, 104 yards. 

Forty Yards' Dash. — Wallace, Beaty. 

Standing Broad Jump. — Belk, 10 feet 2.V\ 
inches : Wallace. 

Standing Hop, Step and Jump. — Beaty, 
30 feet 5 inches ; Wallace. 

Putting Shot. — Belk, 30 feet 8J4 inches ; 

Throwing Hammer. — Gamble, 62 feet 4 

One Hundred Yards' Dash. — Wallace, 

Standing High Jump. — Belk, 4 feet 1 
inch ; Beaty, 4 feet 1 inch. 

Running High Jump. — Wallace, 4 feet 8 

Running Broad Jump. — Wallace, 18 feet 
9 inches. 

Mile Run. — Seaton, Colbert. 

The prizes given this year were more 
numerous than usual, and the Athletic As- 
sociation wishes to express their thanks to 
the merchants of Knoxville and Maryville 
who have given them. Many individuals 
also contributed. 

The names of the Knoxville merchants 
giving prizes are as follows: Knaffle Bros., 
McCrary & Branson, Woodruff Hardware 
Co., G. W. Weiser, McTeer & Co., Andes 
& Pavne, Nuttall's Furniture and Music 
House, Vance, W. T. Newton, J. L. Bell, 
Ogden Bros., A. J. Cook, W. A. McBath, 
N. T. Little, Al. A. Yeager, S. B. Newman 
& Co.. McClung, Buffat & Buckwell, Mc- 
Millon & Co., James Anderson, J. L. Rhea, 
Caldwell & Rodgers, Brandon, Kennedy & 
Casteel, M. M- Newcomer, D. Friedman, 
Beaman Bros. & Co. 

Will A. ricTeer. 

Andrew Gamble. 


Attorneys & Counsellors. 


BanU of 


Represent the Old Aetna, Penn. Fire, Firemann 
and the Southern Fire Insurance Companies. 


The Bank of Maryville, 


Offers to the people of Blount County 
a safe and reliable depository fo-r 
their fu nds, guaranteeing Fair and 
Honorable Treatment, Careful and 
Prompt Attention 

Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities, 
on all Time Deposits. 

Interest Paid 


P. M. Bartlett, Pres. Will A. McTeer, V.-P. 
Jo Burger. Cashier. J.A.Goddard,As 't Cash, 


*»(? ^?R" ^a- 

cffCazuviMe (SoUege. 



REV. S. W. BOARDMAN, D. D. , LL. D., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 
and of Didactic Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature, 

and of the Spanish Language. 

Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor, Registrar and Librarian. 

Professor of the Greek Language and Literature. 

Professor of the Natural Sciences. 

Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
fessor of the Science and Art of Teaching. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 

Instructor in the Ancient Lang u 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 

Mat r j n . 



The College offers four Courses of Study — the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teacher's. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The Jocation is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven, 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President s 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of ' waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
•care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, Maryyille, Tenn 

•AI.m nt < ii 1< a\eni Yi:l< ■ I"i i\ i rr.i'y .'nt'on leave at Chicago University" 



Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 


Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced nstructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only 86.00 per 
term, or $12.00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only §8.00 per term, or 86. 00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3.00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumental music at low 
rates. Board at Co-operative Boarding 
Club only about SI. 20 pek Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from 82.00 to 
$2-50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, 875.00 to 8125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1S99. 

Myers's Geqeral History 

For Higher Schools and Colleges. 


Professor of History and Political Economy in the University of Cincinnati, Ohio, Author of 
■' "History of Rome," "History of Greece, "Ancient History, el, . 

12mo. Half leather. 750 pages. Fully illustrated. For introduction $1.50. 

List of States in which fifty or more schools are 
















Minnesota .... 



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State Adoption 

Territorial Adoption 






...State Adoption 







Mew Hampshire. 

New- Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina.. 



Sonth Carolina.. . 





West Virginia. . . 

.State Adoption I! 

128 :: 

215 :: 


378 :: 






State Adoption 

.State Adoption 

State Adoption 


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.a. selection ^'L^onyc 

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For Higher Schools and Colleges. 

Teachers and School Officers who are considering the best and latest text-books for Higher Schools and 
Colleges are invited to consult this list, and become aquainted with the following text-books. 

Higley's Exercises in Greek Composiion. 
Hastings and Beach's General Physics. 
Lockwood's Lessons in English . 
Montgomery's Student's American History. 
Montgomery s English History. 
Moulton's Preparatory Latin Composition. 
Myer's General History. 
Perrin and Seymour's School Odyssey. 
Standard English Classics. 

18 volumes now published. 
Wentworth's New School Algebra. 
Wenlworth's Geometry. 

Wentworth and Hill's Text-Book of Physics. 
White's First Greek Book. 
Whitney and Lockwood's English Grammar. 
Williams' Elements of Chemistry. 
Young's Elements of Astronomy. 

Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 
Allen and Greenough's Caesar. 
Allen and Greenough's Cicero. 
Athenieum Press Series. 

21 volumes now published. 
Beman and Smith's Geometry. 
Bergen's Elements of Botany. 
Blaisdell's Practical Physiology. 
Collar's Shorter Eysenbach. 
Co lar and Daniell's First Latin Book. 
Davis's Physical Geography. 
Gage's Elements of Physics. 
Gayley's Classic Myths in bnglish Literature. 
Genung's Outlines of Rhetoric. 
Godwin's Greek Grammar. 
Goodwin and White s Xenophon. 
Greenough and Kittredge's Virgil. 

Correspondence cordially invited. 

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QlZazuviUc GoMeae. 





REV. S. W. BOARDMAN, D. D., LL. D., 

President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science 

and of DWactic Theology. 


Professor of the English Language and Literature, 

and of the Spanish Language. 


Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor, Registrar and Librarian. 

1'rofessor of the Greek Language and Literature. 

Professor of the Natural Sciences. 

Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

Principal of the Preparatory Department, and Pro- 
fessor of the Science and An of Teaching. 

Instructor in th& Preparatory Department. 


The College offers four Courses of Study— the 
Classical, the Philosophical, the Scientific 
and the Teacher's. The curriculum embraces 
the various branches of Science, Language, Lit- 
erature, History and Philosophy usually embraced 
in such Courses in the leading colleges of the 
country. It has been greatly broadened for the 
current year. Additional instructors have been 


The location is very healthful. The com- 
munity is noted for its high morality. Seven 
churches. No saloons in Blount county. Six 
large college buildings, besides the President's 
house and two other residences. The halls 
heated by steam. A system of waterworks. 
Campus of 250 acres. The College under the 
care of the Synod of Tennessee. Full corps 
of instructors. Careful supervision. Study of 
the sacred Scriptures. Four literary societies. 
Rhetorical drill. The Lamar library of more 
than 10,000 volumes. Text-book loan libraries. 

Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Natural Sciences. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor in the Ancient Languages. 


Instructor in the Preparatory Department. 


Instructor on the Piano and Organ. 


Instructor in Modern Languages. 


Matr jn. 



Manager of the Co-operative Boarding Club. 
Assistant Matron and Assistant Manager of the Co- 
operative Boarding Club. 

Competent and experienced nstructors give 
their entire time to this department, while a 
number of the Professors of the College depart- 
ment give a portion of their time to it. There 
are here also four courses of study. 


The endowment reduces the expenses to ab- 
surdly low figures. The tuition is only $6.00 per 
term, or $12. 00 per year. Room rent in Baldwin 
Hall (for young ladies) and Memorial Hall (for 
young men) is only $3.00 per term, or $6.00 per 
year. Heat bill, $3. 00 per term. Electric lights, 
20 cents per month. Instrumenital music at low 
rates. Boakd at Co-opekative Boarding 
Club only about $1.20 per Week. Young la- 
dies may reduce even this cost by work in the 
club. In private families board is from $2.00 to 
$2.50. Other expenses are correspondingly low. 
Total expenses, $75.00 to $125.00 per year. 

The next term opens January 3, 1899* 

For Catalogues, Circulars, or other information, address 

Prof. HERMAN A. GOFF, Registrar, Maryville, Tenn. 

*Ab9ent on leaveat Yale University. 

+Absent on leave at Chicago University. 

Maryville College Monthly. 

Volume I. 

JUNE, 1899. 

Number 10. 




The Highest Grounds of Belief. 

Text. — John xx. 29: "Jesus saith unto 
him, Thomas; because thou hast seen me 
thou hast believed, blessed are they that 
have not seen and yet have believed." 

The text implies that belief on some 
grounds is higher, more meritorious, and 
brings larger blessedness than belief on 
other grounds. No belief on insufficient 
grounds is right, but where evidence is full 
and overwhelming, it is nobler to believe 
readily than to resist conviction till every 
possible argument has been adduced. The 
proofs of Christ's Messiahship and divinity 
had been accumulating from the promise to 

Eve in the Garden of Eden, to the Resur- 
rection of Christ in the Garden wherein 
was his sepulcher. His disciples ought to 
have believed without recourse to the more 
material forms of demonstration. He up- 
braided them, and especially Thomas, for 
their unbelief and hardness of heart. Their 
unbelief was culpable, because it was willful. 
Thomas had said that he would not believe 
except upon certain specific and obtrusive 
tests proposed by himself. 

The skepticism of the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury is atheistic. Positivism, Pantheism. 
Agnosticism, based upon the philosophic 
schemes of materialism, rationalism, and ev- 
olution, are essentially atheistic. They re- 
ject clear evidence and assert claims pre- 



posterous, irrational, absurd. The skepti- 
cism of the eighteenth century, which was 
answered by Bishop Butler, was Theistic. 
It admitted the reality of truth and the ex- 
istence of God; that of the century now 
closing questions the validity of human 
knowledge, and, of course, denies knowl- 
edge of God. Great effort has been made 
by certain theologians to reconcile Chris- 
tianity with the philosophic systems which 
eliminate the supernatural. The attempt 
has been assiduously made, Sisyphus-like, 
to account for the Bible without recourse 
to the supernatural, and to base a theistic 
and Christian belief on atheistic principles. 
In the first third of the century Positivism, 
in the second third Rationalism, and in the 
third Evolution, have threatened to swallow 
up, as in one yawning gulf, not only Chris- 
tianity, but all religions, except as mere im- 
aginations and names. Evolution, in the 
happy phrase of Mr. Gladstone, "relieves 
God of the work of creation." It allows the 
existing universe no origin above force, and 
the Bible none above man. It infers in the 
felicitous words of Ex-President Harrison 
from the study of the works of God, that 
there is no God ; and from the higher criti- 
cism of the word of God, that God has 
given us no word. This skepticism sug- 
gests the Higher Grounds of Belief and the 
Duty and Blessedness of their acceptance. 

I. The reality of knowledge forms one of 
the higher grounds of belief. To deny the 
validity of human knowledge on the ground 
of its relativity or on other hypotheses in- 
volves self-contradiction and intellectual 

Thinking pre-supposes reality: that of 
one's self as thinker, and that of the objects 
of thought. To deny the veracity of 
thought is to deny the veracity and benevo- 
len^e of God, who created the human mind 
to affirm spontaneously the truth of its own 
operations. The intuitive operations of the 
human mind speak for God. They may be 
denied, as God's affirmation in Eden, "Ye 
shall surely die," was denied ; but denial 
changes not the truth, and averts not the 
guilt and penalty of denial. The Positivist, 

the Pantheist, the Agnostic alike deny the 
higher affirmations of the soul. The be- 
liefs of mankind concerning spiritual things 
are as natural and as real as their beliefs 
concerning material things. This Kant 
recognizes in the categorical imperatives of 
his Practical Reason, affirming the soul, the 
universe, duty, and God. These affirma- 
tions are universal and necessary. Athe- 
ism, whether materialistic, patheistic or ag- 
nostic, is, as Professor Fisher has truly said, 
"an insult to humanity." It is also blas- 
phemy against God. Philosophic, atheism 
in a pre-eminent sense takes God's name in 
vain, and God will not hold him guiltless 
that taketh his name in vain. 

II. Intuition, on which religion largely 
rests, is a higher ground of belief than dem- 
onstration. Demonstration passes from 
step to step, but intuition is immediate 
knowledge ; it is a categorical imperative. 
The demonstrations of Euclid are constant- 
ly introducing fresh intuitions. "Draw a 
line," "bisect a line or angle," to reinforce 
the chain of mathematical reasoning. Reli- 
gion rests largely upon immediate intui- 

III. The moral intuitions may be regard- 
ed as higher than those which are purely 
intellectual. Ethical truth, as all feel, rises 
above mathematical truth. Ethical belief 
is a duty. Civil government makes no al- 
lowance for pretended disbelief in free 
agency and in moral distinctions. It ac- 
quits or condemns men without reference 
to their speculative opinions. It assumes 
that all men are moral and accountable for 
their conduct. Much more will God hold 
men responsible. 

IV. The evidence derived from obedience 
is higher than that of mere speculation. The 
will furnishes grounds for higher evidence. 
Experience affords the strongest proof. 
The Greek Philosophers, Socrates, Plato 
and Aristotle, made much of this kind of 
demonstration. If any man will do, he 
shall know. Then shall we know if we fol- 
low on to know the Lord. A high Chris- 
tian experience can not doubt. It dwells 
like Uriel in the sun. 


V. Evidence which involves the existence 
of God furnishes higher grounds of be- 
lief than any based only upon things finite. 
Kant placed the knowledge of God in his 
Practical Reason at the foundation of hu- 
man knowledge. He made it a categorical 
imperative, a self-evident fact, an intuitive 
truth. The denial of God is as irrational 
as the denial of mathematical axioms. 

VI. The whole furnishes higher grounds 
of belief than that a part of legitimate evi- 
dence. Spiritual facts should not be left 
out of account. Cause, design, intelligence 
must be included in any just reasoning. 
Without the First Cause and Designer 
nothing can exist. Heredity, environment, 
association, evolution, can of themselves do 

VII. Revelation affords higher grounds 
of belief than sources of merely human au- 
thority. Reason and conscience speak for 
God. Nature is a world-book, but the Bi- 
ble is a word-book. Intuition and infer- 
ence, logic and demonstration enlighten, 
but direct revelation comes more immedi- 
ately from the mind of God, and is a higher 
source of knowledge. 

VIII. The Holy Spirit creates in the hu- 
man mind clearer and stronger belief than 
can exist without it. The Spirit beareth 
witness with our spirits. Flesh and blood 
hath not revealed it, but my Father which 
is in heaven. I know whom I have be- 
lieved. There is a "demonstration ot the 

The accumulation of Christian evidences 
is like the ground-swell of the ocean : it will 
rise till it irresistibly breaks down all oppo- 
sition. A stone can not rest till it finds its 
center of gravity ; nor the soul, or the race, 
except in God. Materialism, rationalism, 
evolution, agnosticism, make too heavy a 
tax upon human credulity. They can not 
long be endured. The burden is intolera- 
ble to human reason. There is reaction al- 
ready against atheistic theories. They can 
not be permanently accepted. The higher 
principles of knowledge will assert them- 
selves. Man is naturally theistic. Only 
sin clouds the vision. Other and clearer 

evidences are unnecessary. Skep 
would not believe, though one rose from 
the dead. Blessed are they that ha 
seen and yet have believed. 

The discourse concluded with an address, 
as usual, to the graduating class. It was 
Dr. Boardman's tenth baccalaureate. 



All hail ! All hail ! all hail to the Queen of 
the Southern clime ; 

Say we all, say we all, beautiful, noble, sub- 

She stands ! she stands ! — grand emblem — 
the rainbow of God's good will ; 

Strong in faith, strong in works, gaily we 
sing unto Maryville. 

Chorus — 
We'll make the welkin ring with our song ; 

Three cheers ! three cheers ! for College 
O'er land and sea, the mountains among. 

Hurrah ! hurrah ! for Maryville. 
— We sing ! we sing ! the valleys and moun- 
tains with music fill: 

Howee how Chil-howee, 

Maryville, Maryville, Tennessee. 

We hail ! We hail ! we hail thy great charm 

thine advance endear'd ; 
Pleasures pure, treasures bright, tenderly 

honored, rever'd. 
Awake ! Arise ! ring out the glad song with 

a free good will ; 
Rich and full, full and free, joyously sing 

unto Maryville. 

O come ! O come ! O come to our hill and 

on Wisdom tend ; 
True in heart, strong of hand, staunch 

Alma Mater defend. 
O come ! O come ! O come where the 

mountains our springs refill ; 
Haste, then come, come awav, drink to the 

health of Old. Maryville. 

Awake ! awake ! awake for this gem in the 

Southern blue : 
Soul to soul, let us stand, valiantly, fearless, 

and true ; 
And cheer ! yes, cheer, for Orange and 

Garnet, so full and free ; 
Howee how Chil-howee. 

Marvville, Marvville, Tennessee. 



In the April number of the Monthly, 
Prof. Herman A. Goff had an article en- 
titled "The Library," in which he made an 
appeal for an endowment for Lamar Li- 

For a number of years it has been felt 
that an effort ought to be made to increase 
the efficiency and value of our Library by 
having a permanent fund, the interest of 
which could be used to add necessary and 
indispensable volumes to our shelves. 

Until this year other demands have been 
considered more pressing and urgent than 
this claim. 

Now, however, the Library is to receive 
its merited attention, for the Board of Di- 
rectors unanimously passed the following 
resolution at the recent meeting: 

"Resolved, That the' Board of Directors 
of Maryville College grant a furlough to 
Prof. Herman A. Goff for the purpose of 
endeavoring to raise the sum of $20,000 to 
endow the College Library. The Board 
commends him to all friends of Maryville 

Professor Goff appreciates the fact that 
he is undertaking a great mission, but he, 
from his official position of librarian, is 
better qualified to set forth the needs and 
claims of the College in this particular re- 
spect than any other person. He also has 
had successful experience in soliciting funds 
for the College Y. M. C. A. Building, hav- 
ing raised $2,000 last year within three 

This movement to enlarge the effective- 
ness of the Library is in keeping with the 
steady progress of the College. Within 
the past few years numerous improvements 
and additions have been made to the Col- 
lege plant: the addition to Anderson Hall 
for the preparatory department, the annex 
to Baldwin Hall for the co-operative 
boarding club, the central power house for 
heating all the buildings, the bringing in 
of an ample supply of water, the erection of 
the Y. M. C. A. Building, and last year the 
building of Fayerweather Science Hall. 

These necessary improvements have ne- 
cessitated increased expenditure for their 

maintenance, so that there is no money left 
for expansion in other directions, as any 
one may see by looking at the treasurer's 
report on another page of this issue. 

The rapid changes which are taking place 
in the world at large, and especially in our 
own country, make it even more necessary 
now than it was a year ago to put before 
our students and teachers a larger number 
of recent publications. 

It is one of the glories of Maryville Col- 
lege that its tuition is only $12.00 a year, 
thus permitting many students to come 
here who otherwise, perhaps, could not ob- 
tain a liberal education with their limited 

Of the $20,000 received last year for the 
general expenses of the college, less than 
one-fifth of this amount was received from 

The permanent endowment supplied the 
rest, but it could not give much for books, 
as the report will show. The alterna- 
tives are: do without an adequate increase, 
or present our claim to those who, like Car- 
negie, believe that one of the greatest 
powers for stimulating and developing 
mankind is books. The good wishes and 
prayers of the College will go with Prof. 
Goff when he starts on his mission in the 
fall, and all hope that he will meet with a 
favorable reception from the old friends of 
the College, and from many new ones, when 
he tells them of our work and of our needs. 


The number of students enrolled during 
the past year has been 380. Of these, one 
is a Syrian, a native of Damascus ; another 
is from Turkey; a third is a Greek from 
Athens, and a fourth is from Porto Rico. 
Two are from Great Britain, and the re- 
mainder from many States of the American 
Union. Large advantage has been de- 
rived from the use of the new Fayerweather 
Science Hall. It has relieved Anderson 
Hall of the crowds passing from one reci- 
tation room to another, which used some- 


times to throng and choke the way, and 
create more delay and noise than were de- 

The new rooms are large, well-furnished, 
lighted and ventilated, and afford very 
pleasant facilities for our work. 

The improvements upon the grounds are 
cheering to all. The prospect of embellish- 
ment is gladly welcomed, and the moral ef- 
fect upon the students is already good. 

The gymnasium has rendered good serv- 
ice. The young ladies, accompanied by the 
matron, Mrs. Sanford, have much enjoyed 
the hours allotted to them in the gymna- 
sium, and many of them have entered into 
its systematic exercises with enthusiasm. 
It is hoped that still more extended, varied 
and systematic use may be made of our 
noble gymnasium, both by young men and 
young ladies. 

The work now in progress On the Y. M. 
C. A. Rooms, in Bartlett Hall, is exciting 
lively interest in the minds of the religious 
students. They anti ipate r. material ad- 
vance in their work when these improve- 
ments are completed, and it is earnestly 
hoped that the' whole building may be soon 
finished. That event will mark an era in 
the history of the religious life of the col- 

Mr. Hubert S. Lyle has continued active 
as president of the Bartlett Hall Building 
Association. That Association has been 
recently dissolved by its own act, and its 
assets and work have been transferred to 
the Bartlett Hall Committee of the Y. M. C. 
A., which has cheerfully accepted the 

Several measures have been adopted dur- 
ing the past year in extension of the influ- 
ence and work of the College. 

i. The project of securing twenty schol- 
arships, so warmly commended to the pub- 
lic by our honorable body at the last annual 
meeting, has been prosecuted with success. 
It was cordially indorsed by the Synod, with 
which we are connected, and appropriate 
committees were appointed for its further 
prosecution. One scholarship has been se- 
cured, and has been productive from Sep- 

tember last. Other scholarships arc- in 
view. It is earnestly hoped that e . 
member of the Board of Directors will aid 
in securing these greatly needed scholar- 
ships, for which we have such constant and 
urgent demands. 

2. The Maryville College Monthly has 
been ably edited and published by Professor 
Waller, aided by the students, and has been 
received with much favor. It has already 
brought students to the College, and has 
awakened interest where our students have 
gone, even in the distant parts of the earth. 

3. A series of faculty conferences on col- 
lege themes has been introduced, the faculty 
to meet at least once each term, with all the 
teachers, for a thorough discussion of some 
important subject concerning college in- 

4. The College Glee Club of twenty-two 
members, organized, trained and led by 
Professor Newman, has given, during the 
past term, a series of concerts in Jonesboro. 
Greeneville, Morristown, Knoxville, New 
Market and Maryville. These entertain- 
ments were received with great cordiality, 
and obviously produced an excellent im- 
pression in the communities where they 
were given. Demands for catalogues and 
further inquiries about the College were the 
immediate results. 

5. A series of lectures have, during the 
latter part of the year, been given by dif- 
ferent members of the faculty. These lec- 
tures, twenty or twenty-five in number, 
have been attended by good audiences, and 
with many expressions of high apprecia- 

The rising ambition of our students for 
higher culture may be seen in the fact that 
recent members of Maryville College have 
pursued studies in Harvard, Yale. Colum- 
bia, Princeton, Cornell and the University 
of Chicago. 

It has been a peculiar pleasure during the 
present week to hear Prof. Thomas Robin- 
son, of Allegheny Theological Seminary, 
speak of one of our recent graduates as 
standing in the very first rank of that Semi- 
nary in every department ; and Prof. Henry 


G. Smith, of Lane Theological Seminary 
bears similar testimony concerning one of 
our graduates of 1893. 

The usual evangelistic services were held 
in February, conducted by Dr. S. C. Dickie, 
the general secretary of the Winona move- 
ment. There were some remarkable dem- 
onstrations of spiritual power in connection 
with these meetings, and a number were 
hopefully converted. 

One of our faculty, Dr. S. T. Wilson, 
has been engaged to take the department of 
instruction in Spanish at the Winona Sum- 
mer School. 

Elective studies have been taken to some 
extent during the past year, in accordance 
with provisions recently made for them. It 
is believed that the enlarged curriculum re- 
cently adopted will be found still more use- 
ful in future vears. 


One of the most important acts of the 
Board of Directors of the College at the 
May meeting was the adoption of a plan 
for the control of Bartlett Hall. 

The essential features of this plan, as pub- 
lished in full below, are: the leasing of the 
building for ninety-nine years, with privi- 
ilege of renewal, at a rental of $1 per year, 
to the incorporated Y. M. C. A. of the 
College, and the establishment of an Advi- 
sory Committee of Ten, six of whom shall 
be chosen from the faculty or Board of 
Directors of the College. 

This plan has been evolved after careful 
consideration of the interests and welfare of 
all parties concerned. The practical recog- 
nition of this agreement will take place in 
September with the opening of the fall term. 
At that time the Y. M. C. A. will take pos- 
session of the building and will have a 
home of its own. The reading room, par- 
lor, secretary's office and hall are now be- 
ing finished, and will be ready for occu- 
pancy by September. The legal paper, 
which includes the plan, is as follows: 


Made and entered into on this 25th day of 
May, 1899, between the Board of Directors 

of Maryville College, a body corporate and 
politic under the laws of Tennessee, having 
its principal place of business at Maryville, 
in Blount County, Tennessee, party of the 
first part, and the Young Men's Christian 
Association of Maryville College, also a 
body corporate and politic under the laws of 
Tennessee, having its principal place of 
business at Maryville, in Blount County, 
Tennessee, party of the second part, 


That for and in consideration of the sum 
of one dollar per year, to be paid to the 
party of the first part at the end of each 
year, by the party of the second part, to- 
gether with the further considerations of 
the funds which have been, or may 
hereafter be raised by the party of 
the second part for the erection, equipment, 
completion and maintenance of the build- 
ing on the campus of the party of the first 
part, known as "Bartlett Hall," and for the 
purpose of incvdcating and encouraging the 
spirit of Christianity and active Christian 
work among the students of Maryville Col- 
lege, those who may now or may hereafter 
be in attendance, and the further considera- 
tion of the rules, regulations and stipula- 
tions hereinafter set out and shown, the 
party of the first part has leased, and does 
hereby lease to the party of the second part, 
for and during the period of ninety-nine 
years from this date, with the privilege of 
renewing the same at the expiration of that 
time, if the party of the second part shall so 
desire, the building known as "Bartlett 
Hall," together with the giound upon which 
it stands, situated on the campus of the 
party of the first part, in the Ninth District 
of Blount County, Tennessee, together with 
the right of way to and from said building, 
and the right of ingress, egress and regress 
over the roads, streets, drives, ways, walks 
and grounds under the general rules of the 
party of the first part governing the pass- 
ages over the roads, streets, drives, walks 
and grounds of the College by the students. 
It is further provided and made part of 
.this lease that the party of the first part 
shall have the right to veto any action taken 



by the party of the second part, and in con- 
sideration of the funds already given and 
the financial provision made by the party of 
the first part in furthering the building and 
the Association of the party of the second 
part, the party of the first part shall have 
the right to use the gymnasium for general 
gymnastic instruction or exercises on cer- 
tain hours on certain days, the same to be 
determined by the faculty of the party of the 
first part and the party of the second part. 

It is further provided and made part of 
this instrument, that the party of the second 
part shall have an advisory committee, com- 
posed and having powers and duties as de- 
fined in Article VI., of the Constitution for 
Students' Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciations, as recommended by the Interna- 
tional Committee, and that six of that 
Committee of Ten shall be chosen from the 
faculty or Board of Directors of the party 
of the first part. (See Art. VI., Constitu- 

It is further provided that the party of the 
first part shall assist the party of the second 
part financially only so long and so much 
as may be necessary for the best interests of 
the party of the second part, and that the 
amount of assistance shall be determined 
from time to time by the party of the first 
part upon the recommendation of the Ad- 
visory Committee of the party of the second 

It is further provided that if at any time 
the party of the second part shall cease to 
exist in the College, or shall allow its char- 
ter to lapse by non-user or surrender to 
either the State or any other association, or 
shall fail to faithfully keep and observe all 
the above conditions, this lease shall cease 
and be void, and the building and ground 
herein leased shall at once revert to the 
party of the first part, to be used 
for religious purposes by the party 
of the first part, and all the property 
of the party of the second part, real, per- 
sonal and mixed, shall vest in the party of 
the first part ; and it is agreed that so far as 
may be possible, the members of the Board 
of Directors of the party of the second part 

shall be members of the Advisi 
tee hereinabove provided for. 

In witness whereof that parties of t 
first and second part hereunto affix their re- 
spective names, by their respective chair- 
man or president of the Board of Direi tors 
of each, and the secretary and recorder of 
each, under the authority given by their re- 
spective Boards of Directors, on the date 
first herein above given. 



There is probably no more picturesque 
country than the "Sunrise Kingdom." 
Among the most picturesque places is Ha- 
kone. and it was here that I spent my last 
summer in Japan. Hakone is a little vil- 
lage in the mountain, by the side of a beau- 
tiful lake, surrounded by grass-covered 
hills. Over the top of these hills, on the 
opposite side of the lake, rises the peak of 
Fuji, twelve thousand three hundred and 
sixty-five feet above sea level. 

It rises without foothills from a plain, and 
is nearly a perfect cone in form. It is four 
times as high as Vesuvius, the most cele- 
brated volcano in the world. 

Fuji, once a very active volcano, has been 
asleep for about one hundred years, but 
that it is not dead is shown by the fact that 
in two or three places steam still rises out 
of the ground. 

One of the most beautiful features of the 
mountain, as seen from a distance, is its 
change of color, from blue and purple, to 
crimson, yellow and gold. This is owing 
to the lack of vegetation, for nothing grows 
011 Fuji above its base except a large, red 
thistle, which is a pretty contrast to the 
black lava out of which it grows. 

It had been my greatest desire for a long 
time to ascend to this Mecca of all Japanese 
pilgrims, the summit of Fuji, and at last I 
had an opportunity to do so. A lady and 
gentleman, who were also spending their 
vacation at Hakone. were as anxious for 
the climb as I was. and we decided to go as 
soon as possible. On account of the snow 



and terrible storms which take place on the 
mountain, there are only about two weeks 
in the middle of summer when the trip can 
be made. We had arranged to go on the 
20th of August, and when the day came 
around we started at 4 o'clock in the morn- 
ing. We got into our boat and were rowed 
seven miles across the lake. 

This lake, although fifteen miles away, 
is one of five into which Fuji casts its 
unique reflection. As the sun rose, the 
lake, which was as smooth as glass, was a 
beautiful and peaceful sight, with the image 
of Fuji and the surrounding green hills in 

Our party consisted of this lady and gen- 
tleman, myself, a guide, and six coolies. 
The purpose of these coolies was to 
carry our provisions and extra cloth- 
ing, which we should need at the top, 
and also to assist the ladies when 
they became weary and faint. One coolie 
puts a rope about the lady's waist and pulls 
her along, and if that is not sufficient, an- 
other assists by pushing her ; but I found all 
such assistance quite unnecessary, my staff, 
which I received at the foot of the moun- 
tain, being enough for me. ' 

We reached the foot late in the afternoon, 
and rested a while before beginning the as- 
cent. On the way to the top there are ten 
stations or huts at equal distances from 
one another, in which travelers may rest 
or spend the night. At the first of these 
we received long, white staves from a priest, 
and we also purchased large straw hats 
about one foot and a half in diameter — such 
as the pilgrims wear. 

Then we began the long climb to the 
top, the accomplishment of which was sim- 
ply a question of steady perseverance, since 
Fuji is much more easily ascended than 
some smaller mountains, as there are no 
obstacles in the way, such as rocks and un- 
dergrowth. ' I I \4 
By the time we reached the fourth station 
it was dark, and the guide did not wish to 
go any further that night. We were al- 
ready far above the clouds, and the sunset 
was a wonderfully beautiful sight, and I did 

not wonder at the pilgrims who stopped 
and bowed their heads in profound adora- 

The stations are just little huts of one 
room, with no window and but one door. 
They are built close up against the side of 
the mountain, and are weighted down with 
stones to keep them from blowing away. 

We arose next morning in time to see the 
sunrise, and I realized for the first time 
that "even 7 cloud has a silver lining," for 
the sun shining down on them turned them 
all to silver. We reached the top at about 
2 o'clock in the afternoon, having walked 
steadily all the time, except as we ap- 
proached the top, when the atmosphere be- 
came so rare, and our pulses were so quick 
that we could take only a few steps at a 

The first thing we did on reaching the top 
was to put on all the warm clothes we had 
brought with us, for it was fearfullv cold, • 
although there was not much snow — just a 
few patches on the top, and on the side of 
the crater which was protected from the 
direct rays of the sun. The hut on top was 
larger than any of the others, and there 
were also two temples, at one of which we 
had a sacred stamp burned onto cur staves ' 
by a priest. There are two sacreJ springs, 
and a drink from one of these is said to cure 
all disease. That afternoon we walked all 
around the crater, a distance of about three 
miles, and warmed our hands in the steam 
which came' out of the side of the moun- 

Few are fortunate enough to get a per- 
fectly clear view from the top, since usually 
nothing can be seen landward but the vast 
ocean of clouds, in which the peak of Fuji 
stands as if the only island in the world. 
Early next morning, before beginning the 
descent, we saw a curious phenomenon: 
As the rays of the sun rose over the horizon 
the shadow of Fuji was thrown in dark out- 
line on the clouds and mist. We found the 
descent an easy matter, compared with the 
ascent. We reached home Saturday night, 
a tired but satisfied party, Having been ab- 
sent three days and two nights. We real- 



ized the truth of the Japanese proverb that, 
"He who does not ascend Fuji is a fool, 
but he who ascends it twice is a greater 


The great event in Maryville is very nat- 
urally Commencement Day. The large and 
beautiful church where the exercises were 
held was soon filled Thursday morning 
May 25, with students, town people, coun- 
try people and visitors from abroad. The 
weather was favorable, and the program 
was admirable, so that the two hours and a 
half did not feel wearisome. All were in- 
terested in the orations and essays, which 
were interspersed with music by an orches- 
tra from Knoxville. 

After the invocation by President Board- 
man, the first of the eleven members of the 
graduating class delivered his oration. The 
subject was "Character in Architecture," 
and Mr. Charles C. Litterer showed the de- 
velopment of architecture in its various 
forms, and how the different styles were 
really indices of people's character. 

Miss Ethel M. Kennedy had a historical 
subject, "Heroines of 1776," and brought 
to mind the struggles and sacrifices of many 
women during the Revolutionary War. 

Mr. Samuel H. Lyle delivered an oration 
on one of the great sociological questions of 
the day, "The Problem of Crime." His 
remedial agencies were three — Law, Educa- 
tion, and Christianity. 

The mysteries of "Folklore" were un- 
locked by Miss Mary G. Carnahan, who dis- 
cussed some of the popular beliefs and prac- 

Mr. Charles N. Magill had for his theme 
"Earth's Adaptation to Man," and handled 
it in an admirable manner. 

The audience was then taken outside of 
the realm of this world by Miss Mary E. 
Alexander, who, in her essay, "Ultramun- 
dane Mathematics," showed careful study of 
some of the great principles and facts of as- 

Some of the vital questions of the present 
times were examined by Mr. Samuel D. Mc- 

Murrv under the topic of "Profit-Sharing." 
Miss Rose M. Lyle, in "Woman in Liter- 
ature," showed what an influence was ex- 
erted by some of the great authors of the 

The importance of the evangelization of 
the world was discussed by Mr. Richard W. 
Post in his oration, "The Question of the 

A scientific treatise, "Conservation of En- 
ergy," was presented by Miss Phi Smyth e. 
The last oration of the morning, "Evolu- 
tion of Charity," was given by Mr. Howard 
M. Welsh. 

The conferring of the degrees and the 
presentation of diplomas then took place, 
together with an address by Dr. Boardman. 

The Degree of A.M. was conferred upon 
Rev. Lorenzo R. Foster, '94, of Scranton, 

The McTeer gold medal for scholarship 
was given to Edward Goddard, of the Pre- 
paratory Department, and the College gold 
medal was given to Arthur G. Hull, '02. 
Honorable mention was made of Thomas G. 
Brown and Helen M. Post. 

In the afternoon an informal meeting 
took place at the Y. M. C. A. Building, and 
short addresses were made. The interest 
was heightened by the fact that work was 
being done in one of the rooms while the 
speaking was progressing. All looked for- 
ward with delight to the fall, when the 
rooms will be readv for occupancy. 

The day closed with two social meetings, 
carried on at the same time — the alumni 
banquet at Baldwin Hall, and the social 
reunion at Anderson Hall. 

After an enjoyable banquet, the follow- 
ing literary program was taken up : 

Toastmaster, Prof. E. B. Waller. 
Words of Welcome to the Seniors of 

'gq Dr. Boardman. 

Reply for the Class Hubert Lyle. 

The Evolution of Woman 

Mrs. Carrie Lord Follett. 

High School Work in Tennessee 

b Prof. S. W. Shernll. 

America's Foreign Policv 

T.Hon. Thomas N. Brown. 

While these exercises were going on. 
more than three hundred students and 
friends were exchanging social greetins; 
with one another in Anderson Hall. All 
enjoyed themselves, and when the closing- 
hour arrived, left the building, tired but 
happy, and realizing that the College year 
of '99 had been brought to a successful con- 




Office of the Treasurer, 
Board of Directors of Maryville College, 
May 20, 1899. 

To the Board of Directors of Maryville College: 

I would respectfully report the following as the condition of the permanent 
funds of Maryville College for the year now closing: 


In Tennessee $211,445.24 | First mortgage notes: — 

Preserved Smith Fund 25,000.00 

Fayerweather (over) 1,358.55 


Old form $ 22,575.00 

New form 164,208.00 

Notes, subscription 673.00 

Notes, liens on realty 4,802.08 

Knox County Bonds. 

Knoxville Bonds 

Real Estate: — 

Roberts $2,000.00 

Hale 1,600.00 

Atkins 3,500.00 

Pickens 400.00 — 

Smith Funds 






Amount of Fund $6,300.00 

5,300 00 

First mortgage notes $3,100.00 

Cash 3,200.00 

), 300.00 

Amount of Fund $1,000.00 | First mortgage note $1,000.00 

Amount of Fund $1,500.00 | First mortgage note $1,500.00 

Amount of Fund $1,000.00 | First mortgage note $1,000.00 

Amount of Fund $200.00 | First mortgage note $200.00 

Of the Endowment proper there is active and producing interest at 6 per 

cent, per annum $198,303.79 

At present there is unyielding: — 

Preserved Smith Fund $25,000.00 

Loans secured, but in litigation 7,000.00 

Real Estate bought in 7,500.00 — 39,500.00 




The Campus and adjacent grounds consist of 262 acres, costing the sum of. .$ 9.420.00 

There are nine buildings, costing 87,5 

The water supply improvements 2,500.00 

Total $99,420.00 


Receipts and disbursements of moneys arising from the Endowment, Invest- 
ments, Tuition and other Expense Funds of the College: 


Received from: — 

Interest on notes $12,233.58 

Light $ 1 15.10 

Heat 378.00 

Rooms 354-50 

Music 345-62 

Tuition 2,402.36— 3,595.58 


Science Incidentals.. 



Fuel, sales 



Telephone messages. 

Electric lights 












Fayerweather Estate 3,916.55 


Disbursed to: — 

Salaries $12 

Annuity, Mrs. Lamar 


Telephone Exchange 

Electric Lights 



Science Inc. Repaid 

Teaching, old year 


Library work 

Fuel 1 

Postage . 


Science Department 



Mail Delivery 

Directors' Expense 

Matrons' Expense 

Work, general 


Executive Committee 

Library Appropriation 



Sundry Expense 




Revenue Stamps 


Taxes and costs 

College Monthly 

Lecture Expenses 


Notes paid 


399- 8 4 































CARSON W. ADAMS FUND (interest). 

Received $457-35 


On hand. 

orders of F S429.72 





J. G. CRAIGHEAD FUND (interest). 

Received $9°-3° 


Disbursed, orders of F $86.31 

On hand 3-99 



Received $60.00 

Overpaid I-4Q 


Disbursed, orders of F $61.40 


CRAWFORD FUND (interest). 
Received $34-25 Disbursed, orders of F 


$ 2.65 

On hand -3 1 - 60 


Received from interest $26.33! | On hand $26.33 

Amount paid in. 


.28 Paid out $564-66 

On hand 422.62 




Received from: — 

Mrs. Melissa P. Dodge $100.00 | Paid out ^200 00 

Rev. D. Stuart Dodge jeoo.oo j 

$200.00 I $200.00 


Collections, 1895-6 $ 550- 4 

Collections, 1896-7 1,101.79 

Collections, 1897-8 3-35 8 -56 

Collections, 1898-9 1,922.80 

From the College 4,000.00 

Over by College 16.85 


Disbursed, 1895-6. 
Disbursed, 1896-7. 
Disbursed, 1897-8. 
Disbursed, 1898-9. 
Cash on hand 

$ 1,278.40 

1. 145-34 

. 6,603.50 


• i,239 97 


There has been expended during the year, in the erection of the Fayerweather 
Science Hall, in building, fixtures and furniture, the sum of $11,167.67 


Endowment $12,145.71 

Carson W. Adams, Per 3,200.00 

Carson W. Adams, Int 27.53 

Craighead, Int 3-99 

Crawford, Int 31.60 

Willard, Int 26.33 

Bartlett Hall 1,239.97 

Loan Library 422.62 

Mechanics' National Bank $ 4>75°-00 

Blount County Bank 36.00 

Bank of Marvville 6,933.05 

Till 5,377-30 

George H. Bradley Fund 140 

Respectfully submitted, 







Maryville College Monthly, 

Vol. I. 

JUNE, 189V). 

No. 10. 

ELMER B. WALLER, Editor-in-Chief, 



Athenian. Alpha Sigma. 

Theta Epsilon. 



Business Managers, 

The Monthly is published the middle of each 
month, except July and August. Contributions and 
items from graduates, students aud others gladly 

Subscription price, 25 cents a year; Single Copies, 5 

Address all communications to 

Maryville College Monthly, 

Maryville, Tenn. 

Eotered at Maryville, Tei-n., as Secoud-Class Mail Matter. 


Next term opens Tuesday, September 5. 
Next issue of Monthly will be in October. 

Four of the members of the graduating 
class expect to attend theological semi- 
naries this fall. 

Prof. Samuel T. Wilson leaves Maryville 
the last of June for Winona, Ind., to take 
charge of the Department of Spanish in the 
Summer School. 

The Senior concert given by the Legion 
Band, of Knoxville, was well attended and 
thoroughly enjoyed on the night before 

Two of our late graduates, who are at- 
tending Lane Seminary, were with us on 
Commencement— Mr. A. A. Griffes and 
Mr. Charles Marston. 

The undergraduate exercises held in the 
chapel on Monday and Tuesday mornings 
excited a good deal of interest, and were 
appreciated by the large audiences present. 

On Wednesday afternoon the elocution- 
ary pupils of Mrs. West and the music 
pupils of Miss Perine gave a recital in 
the chapel, and reflected great credit upon 
their teachers. 

Rev. Thomas H. Robinson, D.D: 
legheny Theological Seminary, Pennsyl- 
vania, was at Maryville over Sabbath, and 
delivered an address before the students in 
the chapel on Sabbath afternoon. 

Prof. Henry G. Smith, D.D., of Lane 
Seminary, Cincinnati, gave the address to 
the Christian Associations of the College 
on Sunday night. His subject was "En- 
thusiasm," which he showed was necessary 
for true success in every department of life. 
On Monday night he lectured before the 
Literary Societies on "Vocations and Avo- 

Senior Class Day exercises were held on 
Tuesday afternoon. The class decorations 
were red and white. The program was: 

Salutatory H. S. Lyle. 

History Helen Alexander. 

Prophecy Phi Smythe. 

Conferring of Degrees R. W. Post. 

Class Poem H. M. Welsh. 

Giftorian C. C. Litterer. 

Robert C. Jones, '94, a former instructor 
in the College, was present at Commence- 
ment. Mr. Jones spent one year at Dan- 
ville Seminary and two years at the San 
Francisco Seminary, graduating this year. 
He was licensed to preach at a called meet- 
ing of Union Presbytery after Commence- 
ment, and was ordained in his home church 
a week later. He is under appointment of 
the Foreign Board, and will sail for his 
field of labor, Siam, in the fall. 

The Adelphic Union Banquet was held 
as usual on the Friday preceding Com- 
mencement. Over two hundred guests as- 
sembled at the dining room, and after straw- 
berries, ice cream, cake and lemonade had 
been served to all, Dr. Boardman, as toast- 
master, called upon representatives of the 
four literary societies. "The Twentieth 
Century Man'' was discussed by Miss Edith 
Newman : "The Twentieth Century Wo- 
man," by Mr. Richard Caldwell : "The Fac- 
ulty," by Mr. J. E. Tracy, and "Our Musi- 
cians" bv Miss Eva Alexander. 


The Athenian Quartette of Maryville 
College is meeting with gratifying success 
in its tour. One of the members writes 
from Chattanooga, where a concert was 
given : 

"The most striking feature of the trip is 
the enthusiasm displayed by the audiences. 
Oftentimes we find them crowding round 
us to express their pleasure, and urgently 
request us to come again next fall or win- 
ter, when they will get us larger audi- 

Rev. Thomas T. Alexander, '73, for 
twenty years a missionary at Tokio, Japan, 
has returned to this country for a vacation. 
His family has been living in Maryville for 
the past two years, and three of his children 
have been members of the College. His 
wife is the sister of Hon. Thomas N. 
Brown. He reports that Kin Takahashi, 
'95, is acting secretary of the Y. M. C. A. 
of the great city of Tokio, and is doing 
very acceptable work. 

The Board of Directors met on Wednes- 
nesday morning. Among those present 
were: Rev. E. A. Elmore, D.D.; Rev. J. H. 
McConnell, Rev. W. A. Ervin, Rev. C. A. 
Duncan, D.D., Rev. W. R. Dawson, Rev. 
W. H. Lyle, D.D., Rev. H. P. Cory, Rev. 
J. M. Alexander, Rev. Arno Moore, Hon. 
Will. A. McTeer, W. B. Minnis, A. R. Mc- 
Bath, Hon. W. L. Brown, Col. John B. 
Minnis, Major Ben. Cunningham, John C. 
McClung and J. P. Hooke. A number of 
important reports were made, and actions 
taken. The management of Bartlett Hall 

is spoken of in another place. A vote of 
thanks was given to Professor Newman 
and the Glee Club for their efforts during 
the past term. The faculty also was com- 
mended for the lectures given in different 

Maryville College will have a good repre- 
sentative at Winona, Ind., during the sum- 
mer vacation. Mr. C. E. Wilson, '97, will 
have charge of the large dining hall, and 
will have as one of his assistants Mr. J. M. 
Broady. The graduate quartette, com- 
posed of Rev. Herman A. Goff, '85 ; Rev. 
John B. Cresswell, '87 ; Rev. John S. Eakin, 
'87, and Rev. John G. Newman, '88, have 
been secured for the month of July. Mrs. 
Goff and family, Mrs. M. A. Lamar, and 
Miss Mollie Caldwell have already made ar- 
rangements to spend a part of the summer 
at this Mecca of Presbyterians. 

On Tuesday afternoon the Adelphic 
Union Entertainment was given in New 
Providence Church. The literary part of 
the program was : 
The Services of the House of Orange. 

T. McConnell. 

A Trip Up the Highest Mountain of 

Japan Emma Alexander. 

Debate— Resolved, That Napoleon's 

career was more beneficial than in- 
jurious to the world. 
Affirmative — H. C. Rimmer and Miss Mal- 

lie Gamble. 
Negative— H. T. Hamilton and Miss Ethel 


Recitation Emma Caldwell. 

Culture Value of Literature 

W. T. Ramsey. 

Will A. ricTeer. 

Andrew Gamble. 


Attorneys & Counsellors 


The Bank of Maryville, 



Offiers to the people of Blount County 
a safe and reliable depository for 
their fu nds, guaranteeing Fair and 
Honorable Treatment, Careful and 
Prompt Attention 

Office: Up Stairs 
Maryville, on 



Exchange Sold on all the Principal Cities. 
Time Deposits. 

Interest Paid 


Represent the Old Aetna, Penn. Fire, Fireman p. m. Ba-rtlbtt, Pres. Will a. McTebk, V.-P. 
and the Southern Fire Insurance Companies. I Jo. Burger, Cashier. J.A. Goddard,As 't Cash.