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Maryville College Bulletin 

Pulilislicd by Maryvillc College, Maryville, Tennessee 
Ralph Waldo Lloyd, President 



No. 3 







First Post-Bellum Missionaries, of Whom Five Are Stili, Living 


By Samuel TyndalE Wilson, President Emeritus of MaryviUe College 


T^HE writer expresses his very sincere gratitude to the mem- 
bers of the Foreign Legion of Maryville College for the 
information regarding themselves or others that they have 
furnished him at his request — information as to their appoint- 
ment to a foreign service by a church board or a civil govern- 
ment, their field of service, their term of service, and other 
desired data. The correspondence required in the preparation 
of this bulletin has been extensive, and much interest has been 
manifested by the legionnaires in the details and purposes of 
the bulletin. Typical of the general readiness to help has 
been the fact that the wide acquaintance of Dr. Silsby with 
regard to China, of Drs. Magill and Bewley with regard to 
the Philippine Islands, and of Dr. Dorothy Wuist Brown with 
regard to Hawaii, has been freely placed at the service of the 
writer by these longtime Maryvillians. The cooperation of 
the college offices and of the office assistants in the prepara- 
tion of the manuscript and in the correspondence made neces- 
sary by it, has been very gratifying. Especially does the 
writer gratefully acknowledge the invaluable assistance ren- 
dered him throughout the entire preparation of these pages 
by the efficient collaboration of Nellie Pearl McCampbell, a 
member of the Class of 1909, and a grand-niece of Dr. Ander- 
son, the founder of Maryville College. It is doubtful whether 
the pamphlet would ever have been completed, had it not 
been for her able and interested cooperation. And in it all 
there has been the hearty approval and interest of President 
Lloyd, who has desired that this important chapter in the 
history of Maryville College should be written before some 
of the historical details might be irreparably lost. The writer 
thanks each and all of these and other helpers for the assist- 
ance and encouragement they have given him in his labor of 
love for the old College. 

Published quarterly by Maryville College. Entered May 24, 1904, at Maryville, Tennessee, 
as second-class mail matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized Febru.iry 10, 1919. 


President Emeritus of Maryville College 

A College Foreign Legion. For more than a hundred years, and particularly 
during the past fifty years, Maryville students have been enlisting for service in what 
might well be called, "Maryville's Foreign Legion." This legion of foreign missionaries 
and also of foreign secular educators has, without seeking earthly fame, nevertheless 
covered itself with honor by waging a valiant warfare in behalf of education and relig- 
ion and righteousness over all the earth. The direct results of its valor on Christianity's 
battle-fields have added to the extent of our Lord's domain ; while the indirect results 
in inspiration and stimulus and provocation to similar devotion have also reached 
and afifected all other Maryville students and teachers. And so long as we shall live we 
shall be influenced to nobler lives by the traditions and example (jf our foreign legion. 
There is contagion in such an example. 

Let us take a rapid survey of this Foreign Legion of Maryville College. 

Our Legionnaires Are All "Volunteers. It is an impressive fact that all the 
memljers of this legion are volunteers. They were not drafted, conscripted, or dra- 
gooned into the service. They heard the call, and of their own accord they answered 
it. Students of an institution in the Volunteer State, they themselves became volunteers 
in a foreign legion of the armies of civilization or of the church of Christ. Dr. George 
W. Painter, a former student of Maryville, went out to China in 1873, sixty-one years 
ago, and spent thirty years there. Upon his return to America he spent ten years in 
the home field promoting the cause of foreign missions. He averaged an address a 
day. From Dr. Painter down to the students who most recently have applied for 
appointment to foreign service, they have all been volunteers. 

They Heard the Call of a Peerless Leader to an Appealing Service. The call 
was, "Follow me," and "Go ye into all the world." The appealing service was unselfish 
devotion to the welfare of mankind. They heard his clarion call, and they responded 
to it — they volunteered. They felt the thrill of his battle-cry, and were aroused by its 
summons to the loftiest motives of valor and heroism. 

These "Volunteers Exchanged Their Native Land for a Foreign Land. In 

virtue of this voluntary enlistment, these one-time students of Maryville have exchanged 
their native land for an adopted land, usually one far beyond the seas. Even the usual 
"short-term" missionary service of three years exceeds what our soldier boys had to 
give to help win the World war ; but most of the Maryville legion enlisted "for the 
duration of the war" against evil — that is, for their life-time. Many have served out 
their entire life-time enlistment, and many others are on their way to doing so. And 
all this was not because they loved America less, but because they loved God's big 
world more. They bore bravely the really poignant suffering of separation from their 
native land : and they even became naturalized, so far as spirit can be naturalized, away 
from their childhood home. 

And They Have Learned to Love Their Adopted Land. Indeed, many of them 
have come to love their mission lands as devotedly as if they had been born in them. 
See Dr. Silsby as, in the midst of the maelstrom of the Chinese revolutions and riots 
and wars he nevertheless championed the cause of his adopted people. See Fred Hope 
making of the Cameroun in Equatorial Africa an adopted and beloved homeland. Ask 
Francina E. Porter — we called her "Cina" — who went to Japan fifty-two years ago to 
labor with its women and children, as to who are the people ; and her prompt answer 
is, "The Japanese." Ask Sara Silsby Tedford, who went to India fifty-four years ago, 

who are the people, and her answer is "My Kolhapur sisters ;" while Margaret H. Duke, 
who went to Kolhapur only seven years ago, echoes her statement. Olivia Kerr 
McCandliss, who went to China forty-six years ago, testified to the time of her death, 
a year ago, that "the Chinese are the people;" and a hearty "Amen" is sounded out by 
such other Maryville missionaries to China as Jennie Williams Cameron, Grace Syden- 
stricker Yaukey, and Ina Secor Dodds. Indeed, it is true of practically all of our 
legionnaires that they believe heartily in the intrinsic and, often, superior worth of the 
people for whom they labor. 

And Usually They Have Sacrificed the Use of the English Language for 
That of a Foreign Tongue. Our legionnaires have at great sacrifice exchanged their 
native tongue — that of Shakespeare and Milton and of all our priceless literature — for 
some foreign tongue, perhaps of barbaric harshness and poverty, or else of almost impos- 
sible difficulty. No small sacrifice is this. And in the course of time these missionaries 
of ours even come to have their thought processes in such a foreign language. In 
South America, our Christian legionnaires have spoken of their Lord in Spanish and 
Portuguese. In the islands of the sea, Maryville men and women have used the Hawai- 
ian language and the Philippine Spanish, and the Tagalog, the Visayan, and other 
Malayan tongues. In Africa they have exchanged the English for the Bulu, the Coptic, 
and, in more even exchange, the noble Arabic. In Asia the foreign legion have spoken 
in several of the dialects of China, in Korean, in Japanese, in Mahrati and Punjabee 
and other Indian languages ; in Siamese, in modern Syriac, in Armenian, in Arabic 
again ; in Turkish, in Persian, and in many other tongues. 

And Often They Have Surrendered the Comforts of Home. Our legionnaires 
have exchanged the comforts and the satisfactions of American civilization for the 
limitations of other lands. The wealth of civilization is rapidly being distributed over 
all the habitable globe ; but the lands of "do-without" are still mainly those lands where 
Christian civilization has not dominated and perhaps has not yet been thoroughly domi- 
ciled. Our missionaries find themselves sometimes in the jungles, with wild beasts, 
and sometimes in palaces, in the presence of kings ; in the presence of the needy lowly, 
and of the needy lofty ; but wherever they have found themselves, like Paul they have 
endeavored to learn in whatever state they are, therewith to be content, and to share 
the conditions they encounter. 

And the Favorable Health Conditions of America. Far more serious is the 
exchange which our missionary volunteers have made when they have given up the 
favorable and comfortable health conditions of our land — including the help of physi- 
cians, surgeons, hospitals, boards of health, and the like — and have suffered abroad, 
instead, exposure to infectious and contagious filth diseases. Conditions have improved 
greatly since the Fifties, when the father of the writer traveled a five-days' journey 
across the sands and mountains of Syria in order to get a physician for the writer's 
mother. But even yet our representatives in the foreign work often suffer acutely for 
this unequal exchange of which we have spoken. For example, some of you heard not 
long since of the filariae that in hideous forms and injurious influence course through 
the veins and arteries of our Maryville College representative in Elat, Africa; and we 
heard also of his recent narrow escape from death because of their poisonous influ- 
ence. It was a sad picture, too, that was presented in that quarantine tent in the 
Philippine Islands, where our Robert Pierce Walker, an alumnus and then an instructor 
in Maryville College, passed away, a victim of virulent smallpox. Sometimes accidents 
have endangered those who have escaped disease. Miss Margaret E. Henry never 
fully recovered from an injury she received in a storm at sea, on the misnamed 
"Pacific" Ocean, when on her way to Japan. Mary Miles narrowly escaped being in 
Yokohama harbor when the greatest earthquake in history took place there. Not long- 
ago, Helen R. Brown had a providential escape when the important city of Cumana. 
Venezuela, her home, was leveled to the ground by an earthquake. The half-minute 
of the quake seemed to her an aeon, she said. In that fraction of time ten million 
dollars' worth of property was destroyed and one thousand people were killed or 

— 4 — 

Their Normal Family Life Has Been Broken in Upon. Our legionnaires estab- 
lished abroad have often had to surrender the normal family life that is prized so 
much in our American homes, where all the members of the family — the parents and 
all the children — may gather around the same fireside. Instead, they face the necessity 
of a divided family, of which some members are in foreign lands, while others are 
back in America receiving the American and Christian education that is usually not 
available in foreign lands. These divided homes are what is commonly felt to be the 
greatest sacrifice made by our foreign workers. These separations are heart-breaking, 
and they sometimes even place in peril the moral welfare of practically orphaned 

But Our Legionnaires Have Followed Their Leader to the Ends of the Earth. 

Whatever have been the necessary privations, deprivations, and separations involved in 
their work, our gallant Maryville legionnaires have unflinchingly followed their Leader 
wherever he has led. They have played to perfection the Rugby game of "Follow the 
Leader." They have followed him to all quarters of the globe— to South America, 
Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceanica, and to many of the different countries included 
within these major divisions of the earth. From Geelong, Victoria, in Australia, where 
Thomas Worsley Maguire labors under the Southern Cross, to Haines, Alaska, where 
Miss Emma Jackson, one of our home missionaries, recently marshaled the Haines 
Home orphans in the scintillating light of the aurora borealis, Maryville people have 
heard and heeded the call of the Great Teacher to serve him in every zone. 

To Mountain and Sea and River. Maryville men and women have followed their 
Lord, who loved the mountains ; and he has stationed them here and there within sight 
of many of his great mountain watch-towers, like Orizaba, Popocatepetl, and Ixtacci- 
huatl in Mexico; the Andes in Colombia, Peru, and Chile; Mt. Lebanon, Mt. Hermon, 
and the Mount of Olives in Syria ; Ararat in Persia ; the Himalayas in India ; and 
Fujiyama in Japan. They have also crossed the Seven Seas and pitched their tents 
by the side of many famous waters — the Yukon, the Amazon, the Yangtse, the Indus, 
the Euphrates, the Nile, and the Jordan, and by many another ancient river. 

Their Every Field and Their Every Task Have Been Chosen for the Benefit 
of Mankind. The soldiers of the legion have followed their Leader to the ends of the 
earth to engage in manifold and multiform tasks, for the benefit of mankind. Their 
Leader has led them wherever great need exists. Mission work has never been con- 
fined to the preaching of evangelizing sermons. Whatever serves to elevate and purify 
man engages the attention of our missionaries abroad. These representatives of Mary- 
ville usually prove themselves versatile, resourceful, and enthusiastic. 

As Medical Missionaries and Nurses They Follow the Great Physician. Our 

legionnaires follow him everywhere in order that, like him, they may relieve suffering 
and heal the sick. Dr. J. G. Kerr, whose wife lies buried in Maryville, and whose 
foreign missionary daughter, Mrs. Olivia Kerr McCandliss, was the wife of the medical 
m.issionary, H. M. McCandliss, M.D., performed, it was said, the largest number of 
major operations ever credited to any one surgeon since time began. Dr. William Lafoy 
Hall plied his medical profession in the vast field of China ; and Dr. Ernest M. Ewers 
labored in both Porto Rico and China ; while Dr. George T. Tootell has found in his 
good wife, our Maryville Anna Kidder Tootell, a most efficient helper in his hospital. 
Recent able recruits to medical missionary work in China have been a quartet of well- 
trained and skilful Maryville students : Robert Hartman Johnston, M.D., and Mrs. 
Annie Vanderslice Johnson ; and Robert Alexander Broady, M.D., and Mrs. Ellen Cox 
Broady, R.N. And Mrs. Anna Van Lopik Brinkman. R.N., is laboring with her husband 
in the hospital in Resht, Persia ; while Miss Harriet Maria Green, M.D., is to sail in 
November of this year for Jhansi, India. 

And So Do They in Times of Special Disaster. Like the Great Physician, 
these and other legionary surgeons and physicians, have, in the usual practice of the 
years, ministered to an untold number of sufferers. But in times of epidemics and other 

disasters, in times of famines and bubonic plague and sleeping sickness and. cholera and 
smallpox, and in times of war — the little wars and the Great war — in many countries, 
our representatives have done all that was in their power to do, to relieve suffering and 
to avert death. No more heroic service has ever been rendered in war or peace by 
Maryville people than was rendered, for example, by the Tedfords in 1900 and 1901, 
when the Asiatic cholera, the smallpox, and the bubonic plague were sweeping the 
people of India into the grave, and when famine also was wreaking its dreadful devas- 
tations upon them. It takes the courage of the Master to risk everything and to do 
one's duty in such days of death. 

And as Educators, Secular or Religious, or Both. Very many of our Maryville 
legionnaires followed their Leader- to the ends of the earth on a mission, of education. 
They sought to contribute to the mental illumination of the lands of darkness as well 
as of the lands of partial light. Most of these Aiaryville teachers in foreign lands went 
out commissioned by the various churches to which they belonged : while many others 
went out as representatives of national and secular education ; but all of them were, 
directly or indirectly, useful ambassadors of American character and education. 

A Notable Maryville Secular Educator. The Maryvillian educator who has 
doubtless had the widest educational influence abroad has been Dr. Luther Boone 
Bewley, '01. For fifteen years, or since 1919, he has been the Director of Education 
for the Philippine Islands. In this immensely influential and useful secular position he 
had under him in 1931 an army of 28,469 teachers and of 1,205 000 pupils, involving 
expenditures aggregating 17,027,000 pesos, amounting to half that sum in American 
dollars. He is also Regent of the University of the Philippines. What a vantage- 
ground of usefulness is this one held by Director Bewley! Homer Hammontree visited 
Director Bewley in his offices in Manila, and then wrote the writer of this sketch : 
"He is doing a tremendous work."' And similar testimony comes to us from every 

A Multitude of Church or Secular Educators. Among those who have partic- 
ipated in either secular education or in short-term or even regular-term church educa- 
tion in Porto Rico have been Lois Alexander Ritzman, Adeline Murphy Crawford, 
Margaret Isabel Moore, Jessie Hastie Brown, and George Gardner Gillingham ; in 
Cuba, Jennie Elma Joyce, and the two capable young men, Pedro Jose Hernandez, of 
the Havana Y. M. C. A., and Benito Garmendia, of the Cardenas High School ; in 
Mexico, George Canby Levering and his wife, Emma Williams Levering ; in South 
America, and later in Costa Rica, Lena Hastings Casseres ; in the Philippines, Robert 
Pierce Walker and his wife, Mrs. Amanda Andrews Walker, John Woodside Ritchie 
and his wife, Mrs. Pearl Andrews Ritchie, Ida G. Stanton, James Arthur Milling, and 
Albert Haynes ; in Brazil, Charlotte Hauer Landes and Jean Porter Graham; in Hawaii, 
Jackson S. Smith and wife, Mrs. Pearl Hastings Smith, Mary Cooper Lishman, Thomas 
B. Vance, Samuel J. Hall and wife. Airs. Lillian Edith Brandon Hall. Dr. Dorothy 
Wuist Brown, Stuart McConnell Rohre, and Robert W. Clopton and wife. Mrs. Bar- 
bara Higgins Clopton ; in Peru, Clara Grace Carnahan and her sister Mary ; in Chile, 
Ralph E. Smith; in Africa, J. M. Hall; in Egypt, Christine Alexander, Anna Taylor, 
and Grace M. Sample; in Persia, Dr. James Elcana Rogers; in Syria, Dr. Clarence 
Cameron Kochenderfer and William McCowan Greenlee ; in Malaysia, Frances Eliza- 
beth Akerstrom and Florence Emilie Klcinhenn ; in Formosa, Horace Dawson ; in 
China. Francis W. Gill, Henry Smith Lcipcr, Orrin Rankin Magill, and Ura A. Brog- 
den; in Japan, Mary Cooper Lishman; and in India, Alfred Allison Blakeney and 
Margaret H. Duke. 

Most Missionaries Are Also Educators. Many also who have gone to the 
foreign field as regular missionaries have rendered their chief service in the field of 
education. Indeed evangelism itself is educational and Christian education is evangelism. 
All missionaries are in a very true sense educators. And this is as it should be, for 
our great Leader himself was a Teacher. "Ye call me Teacher and Lord ; and ye say 
well ; for so I am." 

— 6 — 

Examples . of Such Duplex Work. Dr. Silsby was for many years the head of 
the Lowrie Institute in Shanghai, China ; and was long Executive Secretary of the 
Educational Association of China. Cora Cecilia Bartlett gave thirty fruitful ^-ears to 
the Christian education of girls in Persia, where, as a Persian missionary told our 
chapel audience one day, she was regarded as "one of the best missionaries in Persia." 
Robert Otterbein Franklin and Mrs. Grace Mitchell Franklin labored in Siam for two 
terms of six years each, chiefly in the educational work in the Bangkok Christian Col- 
lege. Soon after the beginning of their second term, Mr. Franklin became the- president 
of the College. In 1932 he became the Secretary of the Siam and Laos. Agency of the 
American Bible Society, one of the Society's ten foreign agencies. , The Franklin 
parents have been made happy by the coming of their only son Wilbur, with his wife, 
Alma Schoeller Franklin, as a reinforcement to the work in Siam. Homer G. Weis- 
becker and Mrs. Helena Turner Weisbecker were connected with the educational work 
at Nan, Siam, for several years. And Gilbert Oscar Robinson and Mrs, Hazel Conrad 
Robinson were in charge of the Boys' and Girls' Schools in Chiengrai, during their 
service in Siam. Commodore Fisher and Franke Sheddan Fisher have charge of the. 
Boys' School of Hamadan, Persia, and of evangelistic work. Lois C. Wilson is prin- 
cipal of the Girls' School of Sidon, Syria. Robert. Merrill Bartlett and Sue Nuckols' 
Bartlett were connected with the Yenching University of Peiping until war drove them 
away. And so was Marian Krespach. 

The Chief Purpose Has Been the Spread of the Gospel. The missionary vol- 
unteers enlisted with the definite purpose of giving the gospel in some form to the 
world. All else has been subordinate in their mind to this supreme purpose. So far as 
our legionnaires have given themselves to secular education, and the general advance- 
ment of civilization, it has, nevertheless, often been with the ultimate purpose of thus, 
giving men the gospel. They have sought to attain their high aim by means of the 
spoken word, the printing-press, and the example of their Christian lives. It is mainly: 
through the agency of the teaching voice in schools that most missionary work is now 
done. The natives are thus trained to be the chief evangelists to their people. And 
yet much preaching and evangelistic teaching- is still done by American ministers and 
by other missionaries, men and women. 

Evangelism in Siam. The work of the Siamese missionaries is typical of the 
work done throughout the Orient and particularly in the Far East. Robert C. Jones, 
during his twenty years of missionary service in Siam, and Richard W. Post, during 
the past thirty-two years in Siam, did a great deal of street-preaching and village- 
preaching and rural work. They also traveled by boat up and down the rivers, and thus 
were able to reach a great many audiences with sermons in behalf of their Lord. Daily 
worship is conducted in all the mission schools and hospitals. 

And in the Philippines. In the Philippines, the chief work of Dr. Charles N. 
Magill has been evangelization. Ernest John Frei, who has recently gone to the 
Philippines, also devotes himself principally to evangelistic work. 

•In China, Jonathan Edward Kidder has been heralding the gospel to a war-tossed 
people for fourteen years. Medical missions are especially strong in China, and they 
are earnestl}' evangelistic. 

In Japan, Percy W. Buchanan and Mrs. Clara Browning Buchanan have now been 
at work for nine years. Elston Rowland has been transferred to Chosen, and is now 
Head of the Nurses' Training School in the Severance Hospital of Seoul. For thirteen 
years Mary Miles has been in charge of music and the religious department in the 
Girls' High School of Kanazawa. When Mary's name was mentioned to a long-time 
missionary to Japan, he exclaimed, "God bless Mary Miles ! She was a godsend to our 
mission!" For five years past, the work in Japan has had a strong reinforcement in 
the persons of Sam H. Franklin, Jr., and Mrs. Dorothy Winters Franklin, who went 
out as ambassadors of Christ to the students of the Universitv of Kvoto. 

And in Syria. In Syria, William A. Freidinger has labored efficiently in evan- 
gelism and in the supervision of village schools for twenty-seven years ; and Samuel 
Neale Alter in Hamath has also given himself to evangelism and education for the 
past thirteen years. 

And in Africa. In the Dark Continent, besides Fred Hope, our Frank James 
Industrial School Superintendent and Evangelist, we have Sara Valdez Stegall at the 
Congo, and have had Mary Beth Torrey at Sierra Leone, in the Vocational Girls' 
School ; while James Lambert Jackson is cultivating his field in the Congo Free State. 

And in Spanish America. In Spanish America our educators are also evangelists. 
In Oaxaca, Mexico, Ethel Russell Doctor conducts evangelistic and social work in the 
Girls' Hostel ; while at Merida, Yucatan, Etta McClung is an evangelist and social 
worker, with sixteen years of Mexican experience. Dr. Robert Bartlett Elmore, at Val- 
paraiso, in Chile, is the superintendent of the educational work of the station; he has 
invested twenty-six years in this important mission field. And Edward G. Seel and 
Miriam Rood Seel have been seventeen years at Santiago, where "Professor" Seel, as 
we called him on College hill, is Principal of the boys' boarding and day school, the 
Instituto Ingles, located in Santiago, Chile. 

And with the Printed Word. The missionaries have made extensive use of the 
printing-press in the dissemination of the gospel. If all of Dr. Alexander's articles for 
the press in Japan were collected, it is said that they would make several volumes. In 
the Philippines, Dr. Charles N. Magill had the high privilege of making a revision of the 
Tagalog Bible, thus opening wider the door of the kingdom to an entire people. No 
wonder the British and Foreign Bible Society honored Dr. Magill for his great service 
of several years' labor. They said that he was recognized by all the missionaries as 
the most competent person to carry through such an important task. Fred Hope had 
Pilgrim's Progress translated into Bulu and published as a memorial to his wife. Dr. 
Silsby was for many years a member of the committee that completed the translation of 
the Bible into the Shanghai dialect. Yes, by the spoken and written word, by the 
printed message, and by consistent Christian lives our Maryville missionary legionnaires 
have been trying to recommend their religion and their Lord to the people among whom 
they have lived. 

The Graves of the Legion. Mrs. Hemans wrote a poem entitled, "The Graves of 
a Household," to illustrate the fact that English-speaking people occupy posts all over 
the globe, and that thus their graves are scattered everywhere. The graves of four 
members of "the Household" of which she wrote were located in far-separate zones— 
on the American Indian frontier, in the depths of old Ocean, on a Spanish Peninsular 
battle-field, and at a tourists' haunt in Italy. A similar thing is often true of the 
graves of missionaries' families. It is true, for example, of the family of the writer's 
parents. Those parents, missionaries in Syria, buried one son in a missionary cemetery 
at Abeih, on Mt. Lebanon ; and one daughter in the Atlantic Ocean oflf the coast of 
Ireland ; another daughter, born in Tripoli, was buried here in Maryville ; while they 
themselves found a resting place on the Cumberland Mountain Plateau. And so is it 
also true of Alma Mater's children, 

"That parted thus they rest, who played 

Beneath the same green tree ; 
Whose voices mingled as they prayed 
Around one parent knee.' 

These Graves Mark the Frontier of Maryville's Foreign Work. What marks 
the frontier line of Maryville's influence? As A. Conan Doyle says of England's fron- 
tier line, so may we say of Maryville's, 

"That be it east or west, 
One common sign we bear ; 
The tongue may change, the soil, the sky, 
But where your British [or College] brothers lie, 

The lonely cairn, the nameless grave, 
Still fringe the flowing Saxon wave. 

'Tis that I 'Tis where 

They lie — the men who placed it there — 
That marks the frontier line." 

Maryville's frontier line is wherever the soldiers of the Maryville Legion have fallen 
in the battle, and wherever the graves of the fallen have made a bivouac of our dead. 

Arellano's Violent Death in Mexico. Down in the Valley of Mexico there lies 
sleeping in the American Pantheon the body of Daniel Severo Arellano, '22. A Mary- 
ville classmate of his, Ethel Doctor, of Rhode Island, a missionary in Oaxaca, saw him 
only one week before his violent death, and she said of him : "Never before had he 
seemed more eager to serve his God, his country, and his fellowman." But only a few 
days afterward, he was murdered in Zochimilco. He was then at the head of one of 
the largest and most promising public-school systems in the Federal District. What a 
sacred grave is his ! His father, Plutarco Arellano, was a student of the writer in the 
theological seminary of Mexico, in 1882-1884. His very useful life in the ministry 
terminated only a few days after the murder of his beloved son. 

A Maryville Grave in an African Jungle. In a cemetery hewn out of an African 
jungle, Fred Hope, a former president of the Maryville Y. M. C. A., laid away to her 
long sleep his wife, Lou Johnston Hope, a former president of the Maryville Y. W. 
C. A., after one year of life in Equatorial Africa. David Livingstone had a similar 
experience, and wrote these touching words : "We came to a grave in the forest ; it 
was a little rounded mound ; a little path showed that it had visitors. This is the sort 
of grave I should prefer ; to lie in the still, still forest, and no hand ever disturb my 
bones. The graves at home always seemed to me to be miserable, especially those in 
the cold, damp clay, and without elbow-room: but I have nothing to do but wait till 
He who is over all decides where I have to lay me down and die. Poor Mary [his 
wife] lies in Shupanga brae, 'and beeks foment the sun.' " We recall the fact, however, 
that Livingstone's body lies in Westminster Abbey, placed there by the will of the 
English nation. 

A Grave in the Punjab, Near Ambala. In the Punjab, in the north of India, 
there is a grave that is not forgotten by the people who crowd to the skilful American 
Sahibs for healing ; for within it was laid to rest the body of the faithful Dr. Emily 
Marston, after twenty-six years of almost unbelievable labors performed within the 
walls of North India hospitals. 

Royal Hearts in Chosen. Nearly fifty years ago, the second medical missionary 
to the great country of Korea, our own Dr. John William Heron, in an epidemic, 
fought fiercely to rescue the high and the lowly, the royal family and the poorest of the 
poor, from the scourge of Asiatic cholera. For five zealous }rears he had been a good 
physician to his Korean friends ; but now his strength was spent, and he himself fell 
victim to the dread pestilence, as, later on, did General Sir Stanley Maude of the British 
army in the Mesopotamian campaign of the recent war. Only eight years ago. Jason 
G. Purdy, one of the youngest missionaries in Korea, also trod the ways of death in 
the discharge of his active mission duties. He fell ill on an itinerating tour, and found 
death instead of deliverance in a surgical operation that became necessary. 

The AleScanders in Japan. The graves of our Maryville missionaries to Japan, 
for example, are scattered far and near. Dr. Thomas Theron Alexander, for twenty- 
five years one of the ablest and best-known of the missionaries in the Sunrise Kingdom, 

reached the Sandwich Islands, in 1902, in search of heaUh and rest. There he met his 
daughter. Emma, on her way out to Japan from Maryville to reinforce the mission. 
But death came to him suddenly. Honolulu was the end of the journey for him. His 
body was cremated and the urn with its sacred ashes was brought back, to be interred 
in our Maryville Magnolia Cemetery. But his loving and loyal daughter Emma obeyed 
his parting request, and went on from Honolulu to her work in Japan, her native land. 
Two years later death seized her also, and terminated her fruitful and happy labors; 
and she found for herself a far-away and lonely resting-place in the Aoyama cemetery 
of the City of Tokyo. The scroll letter that her Japanese friends sent to Maryville 
about her illness and death was read at a special memorial service in Maryville College 
in that year of 1904. The story received had been recorded by Emma's Japanese friends 
on a parchment roll fifteen feet in length. Six of the Alexander family saw foreign 
service — Dr. and Mrs. Alexander and Emma and Mary, in Japan ; Lois in Porto Rico ; 
and Christine in Egypt: while Theron, Jr., has served in the ministry in the home 
land for many years. 

And the Porters in Japan. James Boyd Porter, of Japan, one of the choicest 
spirits in our foreign legion, lies buried in New Jersey, where he met his death by 
accident, while on furlough. His sister Cina still lives to recall God's leadership in 
nearly fifty years of her work in Japan. 

Kin Takahashi, Maryville's Japanese Alumnus. In Yamaguchi, Japan, there 
sleeps the body of one of the noblest students Maryville ever enrolled. Kin Takahashi, 
or "Kentucky Hossie," as the boys lovingly called him. After spending seven years in 
Maryville in securing his preparatory and college training, Kin gave two more years to 
raising money for the erection of Bartlett Hall; and then he went back to his native 
land equipped in mind and spirit, as it seemed, to make one of the noblest missionaries 
that Japan had ever seen. Through a most mysterious providence, he declined in health 
until at the end of five years of heroic struggle and wonderful achievement on the 
part of a dying man, he reached the end of life as a Christian in the town in which he 
had been born thirty-six years before, the son of a Shintoist father and a Buddhist 
mother. And literally thousands of his neighbors came out to attend the Christian 
funeral of this hero — one of the goodliest of the sons of Japan or of Maryville. xA.nd 
there is his grave today. Would that we could all pay a pilgrimage of respect and 
reverence to it! 

A World Leader of Gospel Song. Charles M. Alexander entered Maryville 
College when only a country boy of fifteen years ; and there he remained a student for 
seven years. He was profoundly influenced by the strong Christian teachings of the 
institution, and especially by the annual February Meetings. His own earliest leadership 
of Christian song was contributed on College hill during the February Meetings, and 
at the daily chapel services. In paying tribute to the religious influence of the College 
upon his entire life, he wrote gratefully from Plymouth, England, to one of his 
college professors. He first credited the College with making it possible for him to be 
in a college at all ; and then he said : "It was in old Maryville that I was taught to 
love souls and to reverence the Bible ; and it was there that I was taught how to pray ; 
and I there saw by the godly, consecrated, vmselfish lives of the professors what it 
means to be a Christian. I am more thankful for the Christian lives of the professors 
than I am for any other thing in connection with the College." At the end of his 
seven years at Maryville, Alexander spent t\yo years at Moody's Institute in Chicago ; 
and eight years in evangelistic work in the Central West. Then, in 1902; there opened 
before him "a great door and effectual." In that year, with Dr. Torrey, he conducted 
his first great evangelistic campaign beyond the seas — in Australia. From that time 
onward, until eighteen additional years had passed, he spent much, if not most, of his 
time in foreign lands, being recognized on every hand as the most winning and beloved 
leader of gospel song in Christendom. He conducted three campaigns in "Australia ; and 
he made four trips around the world, everywhere visiting and cheering the foreign 
missionaries, who welcomed him with open arms. He labored with Drs. Torrey, 

— 10 — 

Chapman, and the Christian leaders of many lands, and thrilled them with his Glory 
Song, and sang with them the old and the new songs of Zion. England, Scotland, and 
Ireland recognized him as having a world-premiership as leader in the singing of the 
gospel in Great Britain and Ireland as well as in America. When, on October 13, 1920, 
the sad news of Alexander's sudden death in his home in England was flashed around 
the globe, there was sorrow and mourning throughout the English-speaking world, and 
even beyond. This legionnaire of Maryville did supremely well a task well worth 
the doing ; and he did not spare himself in the doing of it. 

Some Legionnaires Came Home to Die. Several of Maryville's former mission- 
aries are interred in Maryville's Magnolia Cemetery. Besides Dr. Alexander, there was 
that worthy son of one of the pioneer families of Blount county — Lyman Beecher 
Tedford — who, after thirty-five years of itinerating in India, came home to be gathered 
to his fathers. And one of the twelve Maryville missionaries to Siam, Robert Calison 
Jones, after twenty years of loyal service in Siam, closed his life here in his native 
county of Blount, where he was loved and revered and honored by his parishioners to 
a degree that is seldom attained in our self-centered days. And it was in Magnolia 
Cemetery, too, that Margaret E. Henry, once of Japan, and later on, one of the greatest 
benefactresses of Maryville College, found her resting-place in 1916, when her life's 
work was suddenly closed. 

Graves of the Little Ones. And there are other graves abroad that we cannot 
forget, namely, those of the loved and departed little ones of the missionary households. 
It has required courage and fortitude for missionary parents to bear it when the 
children of their homes have sickened and died in the sometimes debilitating and evai 
murderous climates of mission lands. There are many little graves of children of 
Maryville missionary families scattered over the earth ; and they pathetically testify to 
one of the greatest sacrifices made by our legionnaires. There are little graves in 
foreign lands that have been holy ground to the Tedfords, the Alexanders, the Silsbys, 
the Jones, the Fishers, the Johnstons, and others. 

The Long-Extended Frontier-Line. Maryville has a pathetic interest in all of 
these far-distant graves ; and it has a right to be humbly proud of the long-extended 
frontier-line marked out around the world by these graves, large and small, of members 
of our foreign legion. During the past sixty-one years, since 1873, when Dr. Painter 
went to China, or since 1877, when the Alexanders, representing the early post-bellum 
classes of 1873 and 1875, made their long journey to Japan, there have been about one 
hundred and fifty of Maryville's students who have gone out to join Maryville's foreign 

Dr. Hardin's Prophecy of 1822 Fulfilled. Through the faithful services of these 
Maryville soldiers, some of Dr. Hardin's hopeful prophecies uttered in 1822 at the inaug- 
uration of Dr. Anderson as the first president of Maryville College, have been at least 
partially realized. Said Dr. Hardin : "In the course of a fciv generations, missionaries 
from this Setyiinary may he found in all quarters of the globe. This Seminary may l^e 
an instrument to aid in abolishing the sanguinary practices grozving out of the super- 
stition and idolatry of Asia. It may sound the gospel jubilee in Africa, the land loaded 
zvith oppression and abuse, and proclaim emancipation from sin and death to the race 
long doomed to the horrors of slavery. It may utter the pleasant sound of peace and 
pardon through ImmanueVs blood to the islands of the sea. It may aid in taming the 
ferocity of sa^'agcs, in teaching the ignorant, and in converting the zuorld." 

All Honor to the Volunteers Who Could Not Pass Muster! We pay high 
tribute to our foreign legion. They have, indeed, fulfilled Dr. Hardin's prophecy. But 
we also give tribute, not only to those who succeeded in going abroad in the service 
of the kingdom, but also to those many equally worthy men and women who also gave 
themselves whole-heartedly to this same unselfish service, but who for various provi- 
dential reasons were prevented from realizing their hearts' desire, or who were driven 
home by failure of health. A considerable number, either for themselves or in the 

— 11 — 

persons of members of their family, were unable to measure up to the health require- 
ments of mission boards or of government bureaus. Others had devolved upon them 
the duty of the support of relatives. Others seemed necessary for the success of impor- 
tant enterprises at home ; and, since they could not be in two places at once, they were 
established for life in the home field. But the honor remains and is theirs, that in 
spirit they are also true volunteers for foreign service ; and God, who takes the will 
for the deed, has, for all that we can tell, decided it so, and has recorded their names 
in the roll of the legion. 

Such Hindered Volunteers as Charles Edwin Silsby. Surely Charlie Silsby's 
name is there inscribed. Where his parents and his sister Helen have labored he wished 
to spend his life, namely, in China, his native land. After he graduated from Maryville 
in 1916, he attended a theological seminary for a year. The next year America became 
involved in the World war. Charlie was unable to pass the physical examination 
required before he could serve his country as a soldier ; so the next available service 
seemed to be the Red Cross work in France. In order to become physically able to meet 
the requirements of that line of service, he joined a surveying company in our near-by 
Smoky mountains. There sudden death by accident overtook him, and he was prevented 
from rendering the actual service that his spirit had already willed to his country and 
to China. But surely our Lord put his name on that honorable register of men who 
served their fellow-men on the mission field in China and in the American Red Cross 
on the field of mercy. Yes, his name belongs by right on the register of Maryville's 
foreign legion, along with the honored names of his father and mother and sister. 

And Such a Volunteer as Cecil James French of Canada. Surely he, too, is in 
God's all-seeing vision a member of our foreign legion. A loyal Christian when in 
Maryville College, he was a student in Rush Medical College when the World war 
broke out, and was there preparing to be a medical missionary to India. He immediately, 
in 1914, enlisted in a Canadian regiment ; and he fought bravely and heroically through 
four years of frightfulness on the French front. He rose from the rank of Private 
to become First Lieutenant. So outstanding was his service that in 1917 King George 
himself bestowed upon him at Buckingham Palace the decoration of a military cross 
in recognition of his patriotism and valor. He received a wound in the discharge of 
his duty as a soldier. His superiors ofifered him, toward the end of the war. two lines 
of service free from special danger — medical college work or the drilling of soldiers 
in England. He heroically declined these offers, saying that others worse off than 
himself could do that safer work, while he would give himself to the business of the 
front lines. He remained true as steel to his Lord and Master even amid the degener- 
acies of war. He said : "The thing I wish for most is to do my full duty as nearly 
as I can, to our Lord and my country." One night, only six weeks before Armistice 
Day, Lieutenant French fell riddled with machine-gun bullets. They buried him that 
night near where he fell. But in character and loving missionary zeal and fidelity, and 
in the unforgetting memory of God, "Jack" French, as he was nicknamed, is still one 
of God's volunteers. His name is surely on the battle-roll of the foreign-mission legion 
of Maryville College. . True, he was not permitted to carry out his purpose to go with 
his like-minded Maryville fiance to spend his life in the happy service of God and 
humanity in the empire of India; but what, in spirit and service, he wished to be, in the 
eye of God he is and ever will be. 

God Accepts the Will for Service as the Deed of Service. And besides those 
Maryville College people who have been members of our foreign legion, and besides 
those who have wanted to become members of it, but who could not attain their desires 
in this respect, there is a host of others who have all the qualifications that are needed 
in the sight of God and man to share in tliat high honor. Many of them have given 
themselves to the various kinds of home-mission whole-time Christian service, and are 
just as devoted and consecrated as are those who have gone abroad to work. Alany 
others of them have gone into the ordinary secular vocations of life, and yet have 
taken with them into those vocations every whit as loyal and altruistic and Christian 
a spirit as has been manifested by the actual members of Maryville's foreign legion. 

— 12 — 

The China and Fred Hope Proxy Missionary Funds. While the Boxer riots 
were in progress in 1900, the writer of this pamphlet addressed a joint missionary 
meeting of the college Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A., telling the story of the heroism 
of the Chinese Christian martyrs as manifested in that cruel uprising. At the close of 
the service, Fred Hope, then a Alaryville preparatory student, made his hurried way 
to the speaker and with his characteristic enthusiasm exclaimed, "We must do some- 
thing about this thing." The result was that by the next Sabbath fifty dollars had been 
subscribed to pay the salary of a Chinese Christian worker. This was later arranged 
for by Dr. Silsby, then a Maryville missionary in Shanghai. The next year the gift 
was increased to one hundred dollars, and two native workers were employed. The 
interest in this China Fund continued from year to year. In 1907 Fred Hope himself 
became a missionary. His field is in the Cameroun district in Equatorial Africa, where 
for twenty-seven years he has been the Superintendent of what he has made a world- 
famed institution, the Frank James Industrial School. The Maryville students and 
faculty early became deeply interested in his great work. They made special offerings 
to help purchase the first engine employed in the School, to rebuild the school village 
when it was destroyed by fire, to erect "the Maryville College Chapel," and to meet 
other emergency needs of the plant and of the field. The Fred Hope Fund came to be 
the special annual fund contributed by the College to the cause of foreign missions. 
It became an annual evidence of the interest of Maryville College as a whole in the 
missionary enterprise. Many cheering sacrifices have been made in connection with 
the annual raising" of the fund. The maximum contribution was about fourteen hundred 
dollars ; and, even in the depression of the past year, the amount paid in was five 
hundred dollars. By contributing to such funds as these, Marj^ville College people who 
have been unable themselves to volunteer for personal service abroad, have been enabled 
to send out worthy proxies in their stead. 

Mlaryville's Interest in Missions Is Increasing. It is gratifying to be able to 
record the fact that the interest of the students of the College in the cause of foreign 
missions has been greater during the past two or three years than ever before. The 
Student Volunteer Band was organized in 1894, forty years ago. If the attendance 
upon the meetings of the Band may be taken to be a true criterion of the interest felt in 
the cause that it represents, there can be no doubt as to the increase of that interest; 
for frequently there have been as many as one hundred students in attendance upon the 
regular meetings of the Band. 

Maryville's Christian Service Flag. The Maryville College Christian Service 
Flag as God sees it has doubtless a great many thousands of stars upon it. It is the 
spirit and the willingness of the worker that counts, and not the mere locality where 
his work is rendered. The fact that students are individually willing, in their hearts, 
to join the foreign legion will make them better soldiers in the home guard, even though 
they cannot realize their desire tO' enter the foreign legion. 

The Foreign Legion and the Home Guard. In conclusion, let us say that what 
Alma Mater wishes for every one of her sons and daughters is the combined heroism 
of her foreign legion and her home guard. She wishes that the history of every 
individual of every college class may be one of dauntless valor and Christian service. 
In enabling her to realize her high ambitions, the volunteers for the foreign legion 
will add their quota to the glory of the old College, but, far better yet, to the glory 
of Him who has sent us all into his world to help make it better. And may faculty and 
students all keep step, in whatever service, with the onward march of Maryville's 
Christian soldiers ! 

— 13 — 



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— 19 — 

1873 TO 1934 

I. Enrolment of Maryville's Foreign Legion: 

Missionaries, 127; Secular Workers, 21; Total 
Legionnaires, 148; Ministers, 40; Medical Mis- 
sionaries and Registered Nurses, 11 ; Educators, 
Practically All Have Been Educators ; Legion- 
naires Deceased, 21 ; Legionnaires Now on the 
Field, 62. 

II. Foreign Fields of Service : 

China, 30; Japan, 17; Philippine Islands, 13; 
Siam, 12; Syria, 7; Hawaii, 7; Chosen, 6; India, 
6; Africa, 6; Mexico, 7; Porto Rico. 6; Persia. 
5; Chile, 4; Cuba, 3; Egypt, 3; Malaysia, 2; 
Brazil, 2; Peru, 2; Orinoco, 1; Colombia, 1; 
Alberta, 1 ; Formosa, 1 ; Ceylon, 1 ; Italy, 1 ; 
AustraHa, 1 ; South America, 1 ; U. S. Consulates, 
1 ; English-Speaking World, 1. 

Total Foreign Fields of Service, 28. 
Total Foreign Workers, 148.