(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Massachusetts magazine : devoted to Massachusetts history, genealogy, biography"

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



.ALLEN COUNTY PUUI IC 1 IBRARY 



3 1833 01746 4949 



GENEALOGY 
974.4 
W3876 
1910 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/massachusettsmagv3sale 



THE 



MASS. 




IVSETTS 



MAGAZINE 




Published bythe Salem Press Co. Salem, Mass. US A 



S.v 




T2tiMi§i)§ti <®ifarterl}k 




Vol. III. 



QJ 



>q i c 



X 69S9S7 



oikl 



INDEX OF AUTHORS AND SUBJECTS FOR 
VOLUME III, MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE. 



Prepared by Charles A. Flagg 



Authors' names italicized. 



The "Abigail" and her passengers, 1628, 

163. 
Allen Family Association, 13. 
American attitude toward England, 186, 205. 
American Revolution, Department of the, 

40, 133, 181, 260. 

Loyalists, 129, 140, 183, 204. 

Mass. officers, 28, 40, 'l03, 133, 140, 

181, 193, 246, 261. 

— Mass. schooner " Diligent," 40. 

" ship "Mars," 260. 

" " "Protector," 181. 

" sloop "Machias Liberty," 133. 

Officers trained in French and Indian 



war, 46. 

— Regiments — Cotton's, 99. 

— " Frye's, 187, 246. 

— " Walker's, 25. 



See also Linzee, John; Sargent, Epes. 

"The American Universal Geography," 
Boston, 1793, 48. 

Andover, Johnson house, 94. 

Andrews, Joseph H. Material relating to 
Capt. Linzee, 143. 

Architecture, Elevation of modern stand- 
ards, 279. 

Army of the United Colonies, see American 
Revolution. Regiments. 

Avery, Elroy M. History of the United 
States, v. 6, Review, 47, 132. 

Reply to criticism, 132. 

Baker house, Dorche'ster, see Oliver house. 

Balch Family Association, 13, 146, 210. 

Bibliography of Massachusetts, 62, 123, 178, 
257. 



Birdett family, see Burdett family. 
Birdley family, see Burley family. 
Books reviewed. 
Avery's History of the United States, 

47, 132. 
Currier's History of Xewburyport. 50. 
Derby's John Darby of Marblehead, 207. 
Higginson's Descendants of Rev. Franzis 

Higginson, 206. 
Johnson's Wonder working providence, 

207. 
Jones' Brewster genealogy, 127. 
Stark's Loyalists of Mass., 129, 140, 1S3. 

205. 
White's Genealogy of the ancestors and 
descendants of John White, Vol. IV, 
207. 
Boston, Old buildings preserved, 279. 

Province house, 199. 

Bowen, Ashley, Diary, part 4, 240. 
Brewster genealogy, Review of Jones', 127. 
Bristol Count}', Walker's regiment from, 25. 
Broome house, Milton, sec Hutchinson 

house. 
Brown, Asa W. Brown notes, 147. 
Brown, John, of Harper's Ferry, and 

family, 48. 
Brown family notes, Essex County, 147. 
Browning family notes, Essex County, 148. 
Bucham family notes, Essex County, 212. 
Buck family notes, Essex County, 83. 
Buckley family notes, Essex County, S4. 
Buckman family notes, Essex County. S4. 
Bucknam, Wilton F. Buckman or Buck- 
ham notes, 84. 



IV 



INDEX 



Buffington family notes, Essex County, $i, 

149. & 

Buffum family, Descendants of Robert of 

Salem, 71. 
BufTum family notes, Essex County, 75, 149. 
Bugbee family notes, Essex County, 75. 
Bugg family notes, Essex County, 75. 
Buggy family notes, Essex County, 76. 
Bugin family notes, Essex County, 76. 
Buins family notes, Essex County, 76. 
Bulfinch family, Descendants of Jeremiah 

of Lynn, 76. 
Bulfinch family notes, Essex County, 76. 
Bulger family notes, Essex County, 77. 
Bulker family notes, Essex County, 77. 
Bulkley family notes. Essex County, 77. 
Bull family notes, Essex County, 77. 
Bullard family notes. Essex County, 78. 
Bulle family notes, Essex County, 79. 
Buller family notes, Essex County, 79. 
Bulley family notes, Essex County, 79. 
Bullflower family notes, Essex County, 79. 
Bullman family notes, Essex County, 82. 
Bullock family, Descendants of Henry, of 

Salem, 79. 
Bullock family notes, Essex County, 82. 
Bullycome family notes, Essex County, 82. 
Bulson family notes, Essex County, S3. 
Bumagin family notes, Essex County, 83. 
Bumps family notes, Essex County, 83. 
Bumstead family notes, Essex County, 83. 
Bun family notes, Essex County, 83. 
Bunker family, Descendants of Daniel, of 

Beverly, 149. 
Bunker family notes, Essex County, 149. 
Buntin family notes, Essex County, 149. 
Buras family notes, Essex County, 150. 
Burbank family, Descendants of John of 

Rowley, 150. 
Burbank family notes, Essex County, 157. 
Burbeck family notes, Essex County, 211. 
Burbee family notes, Essex County, 211, 219. 
Burbey family, see Burbee family. 
Burch family notes, Essex County, 211. 
Burchal family notes, Essex County, 212. 



Burcham family, see Bucham family. 
Burche family, see Bucham family. 
Burcher family, see Bucham family. 
Burchmore family, Descendants of Zacha- 

riah of Salem, 213. 
Burchmore family notes, Essex County, 214. 
Burchstead family, Descendants of Henry 

of Lynn, 214. 
Burchstead family notes, Essex County, 215. 
Burchum family, see Bucham family. 
Burd family notes, Essex County, 216. 
Burdaway family, see Burdway family. 
Burden family notes, Essex County, 216. 
Burdett family notes, Essex County, 216. 
Burdick family notes, "Essex County, 217. 
Burding family, see Burden family. 
Burdley family, see Burley family. 
Burdway family notes, Essex County, 217. 
Burgan family notes, Essex County, 217. 
Burgess family, Descendants of Abial of 

Manchester, 217. 
Burgess family notes, Essex County, 218. 
Buriott family notes, Essex County, 219. 
Burk family, see Burke family. 
Burkbe family, see Burbee family. 
Burke family notes, Essex County, 220. 
Burkley family, see Burbee family. 
Burley family, Descendants of Giles of 

Ipswich, 272. 
Burley family notes, Essex County, 274. 
Burlington family notes, Essex County. 275. 
Burloph family notes, Essex County, 275. 
Burlow" family notes, Essex County, 275. 
Burn family, Descendants of Patrick, 275. 
Burn family notes, Essex County, 276. 
Burnall family, see Burnell family. 
Burnap family notes, Essex County, 276. 
Burnate family, see Burnett family. 
Burnell family notes, Essex County, 276. 
Burnett family notes, Essex County, 277. 
Chandler house, Plymouth, see Thomas 

house. 
Civil war, Xew England generals, 52. 
Conant Family Association, 13, 146, 210. 
Congress, Natives of Mass. in, 2S0. 



INDEX 



Cotton's regiment, 1775, 99. 

Criticism and comment dept., 97, 127, 204, 

278. 
Currier, John J. History of Newburyport 

Review, 50. 
Curtis house, Plymouth, see Thomas house. 
Darby genealogy Review of Derby's, 207. 
Deerfield, Historical pageant, 1910, 222. 
Dennis, Albert W. Library of the Mass. 

Historical Society, 227. 
A publishing blunder, 131. 

Stark's book, 129. 

Derby, Samuel C. John Darby of Marble- 
head and his descendants. Review, 
207. 

"Diligent," Mass. schooner, 40, 133. 

Dorchester, England. Abstract of C. H. 
Pope's address on, 12. 

Dorchester, Mass., Andrew Oliver house, 57. 

Dorchester Colonial Club, 61. 

Douglas-Lithgozi', R. A. Andrew Oliver 
house, Dorchester, 57. 

Gov. Hutchinson's house on Milton 

Hill, 121. 

Hon. John D. Long, 1. 

The Province house, Boston, 199. 

■ Thomas Hutchinson, 91. 



Editorial department, 86, 159, 222, 279. 
Emigrants from Mass. Michigan series, 53, 

117. 
Eng'and, see Great Britain. 
Essex County, Family, genealogies/ Buffum- 

Burke),71, 147, 211, 273. 

Frye's regiment from, 187, 246. 

Flagg, Charles A. The Brewster genealo- 
gy, 127. 

■ First published history of Mass., 207. 

Massachusetts in literature, 62, 123, 

• 178, 257. 

Massachusetts pioneers, Michigan 

series, parts 7-8,< Davis-Frieze), 53, 117. 

Natives of Mass. in public life, 280. 

• Oliver Otis Howard, 51. 

One of John Brown's sons, 48. 



French and Indian war, 184, 204. 

A training school for patriots, 46. 

Frye's regiment, 1775, 187, 246. 

Gardner, Frank A. Address before Old 
Planters' societies, 1910, 208. 

Col. James Frye's regiment, IS", 246. 

Col. Theophilus Cotton's regiment, 

99. 

Col. Timothy Walker's regiment, 25. 

Department of the American Revo- 
lution, 40, 133, 181, 260. 

John Endicott and the men who 

came to Salem, 1628. 145, 163. 

Mass. ship " Protector," 181. 

Stark's Loyalists of Mass. reviewed, 

140, 183. 

State ship " Mars." 260. 

State sloop " Machias Liberty," 133. 



Ford, Worth ington C, 236. 
Fourth of July, see July fourth. 



Gardner, Lucie M. Family genealogies, 
Essex County, 71, 147, 211, 273. 

Pilgrims and Planters' dept., 12, 145, 

208. 

Gardner Family Association, 13. 
Geography, Discovery of an old, 48. 
Governors' house, see Province house, 

Boston. 
Great Britain. Attitude of Americans to- 
ward, 180, 205. 

Navy, see also Lirxz ee, John. 

Green, Samuel A., librarian, 235. 
Harper's Ferry, W. Va., An episode, 48. 
Hart, Albert B. Imagination in history. 86. 
Hichborn house, Dorchester, see Oliver 

house. 
Higginson, Thomas IV. Descendants of 

Rev. Francis Higginson. Review, 206. 
Higginson genealogy, Review of Higgin- 

son's,206. 
Hill, William H., 14. 
Hill family, Ancestry of W. H. Hill. 14. 
Hilton, March F. Brown family notes. 147. 
Historic buildings and collection. s 279. 
Historic houses, Hutchinson house, Milton, 

121. 

Johnson house, N. Andover. 94. 

Oliver house, Dorchester, 57. 



VI 



INDEX 



Province house, Boston, 199. 
Thomas house, Plymouth, 269. 



Historical libraries. Mass. Historical So- 
ciety, 227. 

Historical pageants, 222. 

History, Imagination in, 86. 

Howard, Oliver Otis, 50. 

Hume, Mrs. C. R. Browning family notes, 
148. 

Hutchinson, J. R. Recent genealogical suc- 
cesses, 130. 

Hutchinson, Governor Thomas, 91. 

Hutchinson house, Milton, 121. 

Independence day, see July fourth. 

Jackson, Francis, History of Newton, re- 
published, 131. 

Jeffrey house, Milton, see Hutchinson house. 

Johnson, Edward, Wonder working provi- 
dence. Review, 207. 

Johnson house and family, North Andover, 
94. 

Jones, Emma C. B. The Brewster gene- 
alogy-. Review, 127. 

July fourth, Historical pageants for, 223. 

Lea, J. Henry, Recent genealogical suc- 
cesses, 130. 

" Liberty of Machias," see " Machias 
Liberty." 

Linzee, John, of His Majesty's Navy, 143. 

Linzee, John W. Capt. John Linzee, R. N., 
143.. 

Lithgow, R. A. Douglas-, see Douglas-Lith- 
gow, R. A. 

Local history, Plea for, 159. 

Long, John Davis, 3. 

McClintock, John N. William H. Hill, 14. 

" Machias Liberty," Mass. state sloop, 133. 

Machias, Me., Naval operations, 1775, 40, 
133. 

Manuscripts in Mass. Historical Society, 
227. 

Marblehead, Bo wen's diary, 1774, 240. 

" Margaretta," sloop, see "Machias Liberty." 

" Mars," Mass. ship, 260. 

Massachusetts, Bibliography of recent his- 
torical writings, 62, 123, 178, 257. 



— Families traced in England, 130. 

— Loyalists of, 129, L40, 205, 1S3. 

— Natives of, in Congress, _ 

— Navy, see under American Revolu- 
tion. 

— Old planters, 1628, 163. 

— Pioneers from, Michigan series, 
Parts 7-8. (Davis-Frieze), 53. 117. 

Vital records of towns so far pub- 



lished, 206. 
Massachusetts Bay Company, 163. 
Massachusetts Historical Society, 227. 
Mayflower Society, 12, 145. 208. 
Michigan, Pioneers from Mass., parts 7-8, 

(Davis-Frieze), 53, 117. 
Milton, Governor Hutchinson house, 121. 
Moore house, Plymouth, see Thomas house. 
Mosby, John S., 52. 

New England generals in the Civil war, 52. 
Newburyport, Committee of safety, Letter,. 

1776, 135, 137. 
Newburyport, Review of Currier's History 

of, 50. 
Newton, Jackson's history republished, 131. 
North Andover, Capt. Timothy Johnson 

house, 94. 
O'Brien, Capt. Jeremiah of Machias, 40, 133. 
Old planters, Salem, 163. 
Old planters, Salem Willows meeting of 
\ descendants, 1910, 208. ■ 
Old Planters' Society, 12, 145, 146, 208. 
Oliver house and family, Dorchester, 57. 
Our editorial page, 86, 159, 222, 279. 
Pageants, Historical, 222. 
Penniman house, Dorchester, see Oliver 

house. 
Perley, Sidney. Descendants of Francis 

Higginson, by T. W. Higginson. Re- 
view, 206. 

Genealogy of the ancestors and de- 
scendants of John White of Wenham, 
by A. L. White, vol. IV. Review, 207. 

A history of the United States, by 

R M. Avery, vol. VI. Review, 47. 

John Darby of Marblehead and his 

descendants, by S. C. Derby, 207. 



INDEX 



VII 



Reply to E. M. Avery's letter, 132. 

Pierce, George William. The Captain Tim- 
othy Johnson house, 94. 

Pilgrims and Planters' dept, 12, 145, 208. 

Plymouth, Thomas house. 269. 

Plymouth County, Cotton's regiment from, 
99. 

Pope, Charles H. Address on Dorchester, 
England, 12. 

" Protector," Mass. ship, 181. 

Province house, Boston, 199. 

Rebellion, see Civil war. 

Regiments, see under American Revolution. 

Remich family, ancestry of Mrs. W. F. 
Hill, Sr., 18. 

Revolution, American, see American Revo- 
lution. 

Rivers house, Milton, see Hutchinson house. 

Rogers family, ancestry of Mrs. W. H. 
Hill, Jr., 22. 

Russell house, Milton, see Hutchinson 
house. 

Salem, Old planters of, 

Old Planters' 

March, 1910, 145. 

Salem Willows, Old Planters' meeting, 

June, 1910, 208. 
Sargent, Epes, suspected of disloyalty, 138. 
Seabury, Elizabeth O. Discovery of an old 

geography, 48. 
Sergeant house, Boston, see Province 

house. 
Small towns, Problem of, 159. . 



1628, 163. 
Society meeting, 



Small, Mrs. Medora C. Xote on Thomas 

Buffington, 85. 
Society of Mayflower Descendants, 12, 

145, 208. 
Stark, James H. The Loyalists of Mass. 

and the other side of the American 
Revolution. Review, 129, 140. 183. 204. 

Reply to Gardner's criticisms of his 

"Loyalists of Mass.," 204. 

Stoddard, Francis R., Jr. The old Thomas 

house at Plymouth. 269. 
Thomas house and family, Plymouth, 2^9. 
Tories, see American Revolution. Loyalists. 
United States, Review of Avery's History, 

Vol. VI, 47. 

Congress, see Congress. 

Wars, see French and Indian war; 

American Revolution; Civil war. 

Varney, H. C. Buffum family note, 149. 
Vital records of Mass. towns, List, 206. 
Walker's regiment, 1775, 25. 
Warren house, Milton, see Hutchinson 

house. 
Waters, Thomas F. History of Xewbury- 

port by J. J. Currier. Review, 50. 

Our editorial pages, 86, 159, 222, 279. 

White, Almira L. Genealogy of the an- 
cestors and descendants of John White, 
Vol. IV. Review, 207. 

White genealcgy, White's, Review, 207. 
Williams family, Ancestry of Mrs. C. E. 

Rogers, 22. 
Woodbury Genealogical Society, 12. 



■&4£- 






;*..;-• 



THE 



MASSACHVSETTS 





PUBLISHEDBYTHE SALEM PRESS Co.SaLEM,MaSS.U SA 






\ 



V 






• 









A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography^ 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor, ipbwich, mass. 

ASSOCIATE AXD ADVISORY EDITORS 

Thomas Wentworth Higginsox George Sheldon, Dr. Frank A Gardner 

CAMBRIDGE, MASS. DEEBFIILD, MASS. 1ALBM, MAM. 

Lucie M. Gardner, Charles A. Flagg John X. McClintock Albert W. Denwh 

SALEM, MASS. WASHINGTON, D. C. 



HAI.CM, MA KB. 



DORCHESTER, MASS. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies 75c. 



VOL. Ill 



JANUARY, 1910 



NO. 1 



Cmtfenfs af il|t0 Jb0uc. 



The Hon. John D. Long, LL.D. . R. A. Douglas- Lithgow, M.D.. LL.D. 
Pilgrims and Planters Lucie M. Gardner 



William H. Hill ; 

Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment . . . 
Department of the American Revolution 

Criticism and Comment 

Massachusetts Pioneers in Michigan . . . 

Andrew Oliver House, Dorchester. . R. A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D. 

Some Articles Concerning Massachusetts in 

Recent Magazines Charles A. Flagg 

Family Genealogies Lucie M. Gardner . 

Our Editorial Pages Thomas F. Waters . 



John N. McClintock 
F. A.Gardner, M.D. 
F. A . Gardner, M. D. 

Charles A. Flagg 



3 

12 
14 
25 
40 
47 
53 
57 

62 
71 
S6 



CORRESPONDENCE of a business nature should be sent to Tfie Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, Ifasi 

CORRESPONDENCE in regard to contributions to the Magazine may be sent to the editor, Rev. T. F 
Waters, Ipswich, Mass., or to the office of publication, in Salem. 

BOOKS for review mav be sent to the office of publication in Salem. Books should not be sent to Individual 
editors of the magazine, unless by previous correspondence the editor consents to review the book. 

SUBSCRIPTION should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, Maes. Subscription! are $2.50 
payable in advance, post-paid to any addrews in the United States or Canada. To foreign countries in the Porta 
Union $2.75. Single copies of back numbers 75 cents each. 

REMITTANCES may be made in currency or two cent postage stamps; many subscriptions are sent through 
the mail in this way, and they are seldom lost, but such remittances must be at the risk of the sender. To avoid all 
danger of loss send by post-office money order, bank check, or express money order. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS. When a subscriber makes a change of address he should notify the publishers 
giving both his old and new addresses. The publishers cannot be responsible for lost copies, if they are nut null 
ned of such changes. 

ON SALE. Copies of this magazine are on sale in Boston, at W. B. Clark's A Co., 26 Tremont Stre< I 
Corner Book Store, 29 Bromfield Street; Smith & McCance, 38 Bromfleld Street; in New York, at John Want 
maker's, Broadwav 4th, 9th and 10th Streets; in Washington, at Brentanos, F & 13th St.; In Chicago, at A. C. 
McClurg's& Co., 221 Wabash Ave. 

Entered as second-class matter March 13, 190.", at the post office at Salem, Mass., under the act of CoDgrets of 
March 3, l!?79. Office of publication, 4 Central Street, Salem, Mas*. 




THE HON. JOHN D. LONG, LL.D. 



By R. A. Douglas- Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. 



A forcible and distinguished individuality inevitably indicates descent from 
a sound, sane stock, for character has its foundation amid the complexities of 
family inheritance. In essaying, therefore, to sketch the career, and to esti- 
mate the character of the Hon. John Davis Long, a brief reference to his 
ancestry may reveal the source of those personal elements which have ensured 
his success, and of those intrinsic qualities which dominate his character. 

Mr. Long is descended from the Clark-Davis stock; on the paternal side 
from Thomas Clark, one of the company on board the ship "Ann," which 
arrived in Plymouth from England, in 1623; and, on the maternal side from 
Dolor Davis, who came from Kent, England, to the Massachusetts-Bay Colony 
in 1634 and married Margery Willard, the sister of Major Simon Willard of 
Concord, Mass. 

He is the grandson of Thomas and Bathsheba (Churchill) Long,— his 
grandmother being descended from James Chilton, of the "Mayflower, "—-and 
of Simon and Persis (Temple) Davis; and the son of Zadoc Long, of Buckfield, 
Me., and of Julia Temple (Davis) Long. His father, Zadoc Long, a leader 
in Buckfield, Me., "sturdy, public-spirited," and much respected, was a candi- 
date for Congress, in 1838 and was a native of Massachusetts, as was also his 
grandfather; while his mother was related to John Davis, who was Governor 
of Massachusetts for three years. It will thus be seen that Mr. Long's lineage 
extends back to the "Mayflower" and the "Ann,"— the oldest and most dis- 
tinguished of New England stock. 

The Pilgrim Fathers were undoubtedly an exceptional body of men. 



4 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

'As the Tesalt of stern and inalienable conviction they had conscientiously 
resolved to allow no governmental interference with their religious tenets and, 
thus banded in absolute unity and tenacity of purpose, they were prepai 
to sacrifice all else for the liberty which they sought and were firmly determ-:- 
to find. For hardship, danger or death they had no fear and took their 1: . 
in their hands to cross a mighty ocean, amid a thousand perils, for an unknown 
land. They were of such stuff as heroes are made of, — self reliant, conscien- 
tious, determined, unflinching, indomitable, fearless, and in true grit and in- 
tegrity they represented the highest evolution of average manhood. 

The character which they have transmitted to their descendants,— evi- 
denced by steadfastness of purpose, a love of independence, — the quality to 
bear, and the strength to overcome, — an exceptional alertness and indefatig- 
able industry, still survives among the people of Xew England and enables 
them to become the leaders in every variety of human enterprize and effort 
throughout the country. 

Descended from this sturdy stock some of the settlers in Massachusetts 
subsequently migrated to Maine and amongst them, Thomas, the grandfather 
of Mr. Long, in 1806, accompanied by his young son Zadoc, settling in 
Buckfield, Oxford Co. With such a pedigree of worthies it would be easy to 
predicate a successful and distinguished career for the subject of this biograph- 
ical sketch, if only in consequence of the natural evolution of inherent forces. 
That he has well sustained the distinction of his family history by the build- 
ing up of a splendid individuality will be seen in the following outline of his 
personal career. 

John Davis Long was born in Buckfield, Me., October 27, 1S3S. He re- 
ceived his preliminary education in the Buckfield public school, whence he 
went to Hebron Academy, to fit himself for college. That the sturdy lad 
distinguished himself even here is evident from the testimony of one of his 
schoolmates, who referring to his youthful competency in composition and 
declamation, says: "We looked upon Johnny Long as if he were Daniel Webster 
himself.* As he was only fourteen years of age when he entered the Univer- 
sity, this must allude to a still earlier period of his boyhood. 

In 1853, when only fourteen years old, he entered Harvard College where 
he was a thorough student and a hard worker, and his exceptional talents and 
remarkable versatility won the recognition of those with whom he was 
associated. He was second in his class in the senior year, fourth in the whole 
course, and wrote the class ode. He graduated in 1857, when only eighteen. 

* " Leaders of Men;" 1903, p. 95. 



HON. JOHN D. LONG, LL.D. 5 

Speaking of his university -life, he says: "I got no lift from college. 
Nobody noticed me. I had the knack of getting lessons easily. I was under 
age and out of sight." Elsewhere he speaks of having* 'walked from Boston 
to Cambridge" to take his entrance examinations, so that every inch of Main 
Street is "blistered into his memory," and, anon, "sat crying for sheer home- 
sickness on the western steps of Gore Hall." Who would not sympathize 
with the poor boy, — resolute but nostalgic, — separated from all he loved, yet 
determined to succeed at whatever sacrifice to himself ? None but those who 
can recall a similar ordeal can have any idea of the almost heroic endurance 
required to pass through such a despairful experience. 

We are told that "he did not live in the college except in his senior year, 
and so did not get the benefit of its social life, but trudged back and forth two 
miles a day to his lodgings, working hard no, doubt and learning at least the 
valuable lessons of self-reliance and fortitude."* 

Soon after graduating he taught in Westford Academy, where he remained 
two years. Subsequently, he studied law in the Harvard Law School, taught 
for a few months in Boston Latin School, and was admitted to the Suffolk bar 
in 1862. He began to practise law in his native Buckfieldand after "hanging 
out his shingle," it is said, somebody asked him how he was getting on, when 
he replied: "I made twenty-five cents the first day, but nothing since!" 

A little later he came to Boston and occupied a seat in the office of Mr. 
Sydney Bartlett, a well-known Boston lawyer. "From him," he says, "I got 
nothing. I was in his office nearly a year, reading a book and now and then 
copying a paper, but never talked with him for five minutes. He took no 
interest in me, and was otherwise occupied." Indeed his chief only spoke to 
him once on a legal subject and he naturally regarded the time he spent there 
as almost uselessly wasted. 

After some time spent in Buckfield he returned to Boston, where he en- 
tered the office of Mr. Stillman B. Allen, with whom he entered into partner- 
ship in 1S67, and both ultimately became associated in the same office, with 
Mr. Alfred Hemenway, Mr. Long's old and esteemed friend. 

For some years he practised his profession here, — years of plodding routine, 
uneventful for the most part and unexciting. As a man of the world, how- 
ever, he accumulated knowledge of men and things which stood him in good 
stead in after years, when his career became more active. He was always a 
great reader, so he materially supplemented his increasing experience by the 
knowledge he obtained from books, and being naturally endowed with poetic 

* "Leaders of Men;" 1903, p. 95. 



6 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

taste and capacity as a heritage from his father, he is said to have written 
much poetry and even a play "for Maggie Mitchell, — then a popular actress, — 
which was performed several times at the Boston Theatre." 

In the course of time he spent a summer at Hingham, on the south shore 
of Massachusetts and becoming enamoured of the place, he ultimately built 
a house there in which he still resides. In 1876, he married Miss Mary 
Woodward Glover, daughter of George S. and Helen M. (Paul) Glover, by 
whom he had two daughters, one of whom has died. Mrs. Long died also in 
Boston in 1882. 

Mr. Long soon made his presence and his influence felt in Hingham and it 
was here that with maturing powers, he first aspired to the activities of 
political life. Although his father had always been a sturdy and consistent 
upholder of the Whig party, the events of 1S60 induced his son to become a 
Republican and in that year he voted for Israel Washburn as candidate for the 
Governorship of Maine, and repeatedly spoke in favor of Abraham Lincoln. 

After this exciting period Mr. Long was for a time quiescent, but the people 
of Hingham, appreciating his personal qualifications and capacity as a leader, 
proposed him as a candidate for the Legislature in the Democratic interest. 
He preferred, however, to become, as he said himself, — "An independent 
candidate free to do my duty in the improbable event of my election, accord- 
ing to the best of my own judgment and intelligence, unpledged and unbiased, 
and considered as the representative, not of party issues, but of the general 
interests of this district and of the Commonwealth." The effort ended in 
defeat and in 1872, disapproving of Grant's policy he voted for Horace Greeley. 

In 1874, he was elected by the Republican party, which he represented in 
the General Court for four consecutive years, where his ability and his judicial 
mind won the esteem, as they did the confidence of his friends and colleagues. 
Eventually he was 'elected speaker of the Massachusetts House of Repre- 
sentatives, and discharged the duties of this high office most acceptably for 
three years. 

In 1879, he was elected Lieut. -Governor of Massachusetts and during 1SS0, 
1881 and 1882 he served as the 28th Governor of the State,— a position in 
which he showed administrative capacity of an exceptional order and per- 
formed the important duties devolving upon him with such marked efficiency 
and integrity as secured for him the utmost popularity. His inaugural ad- 
dresses as Governor, have been described as literary masterpteces. In 1.880 
the degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him by his alma mater. 

Elected a member of Congress, he sat in that capacity from 1883 to 1SS9 and 
distinguished himself by making several famous speeches. But at the end of 



HON. JOHN D. LONG, LL.D. 7 

his third term, he relinquished his seat as he found it necessary to earn sup- 
port for his family. 

On his retirement from Congress he resumed his law practise in Boston 
to which he devoted himself for some years. In 1SS6 he made a second mar- 
riage with Miss Agnes Pierce, daughter of the Rev. Joseph D. Pierce, of Xorth 
Attleborough, Mass., and his only son, Pierce, was born December 29, 1SS7, 
and is now a student at Harvard. 

In 1897, President McKinley offered Mr. Long a seat in his cabinet, and, 
after some consideration he accepted the position of Secretary to the Xavy f 
and the appointment was duly confirmed in March, 1897. He had, however, 
but a brief interval of official routine, for within a year or so of his appoint- 
ment war broke out between Spain and America and his post in the cabinet 
became the most important and the most responsible position in the country. 

The Naval Secretary, with his wonted prevision, quick perception arid ad- 
ministrative ability was soon prepared for any emergency and by the organ- 
ization of a board of strategists, every eventuality was amply provided for 
even before war was declared. The result is now a matter of history and need 
not be dealt with here further than to mention the fact that the victory of the 
American fleet was accomplished without the loss of a single American ship 
and that the welfare and comfort of the sailors were continuously secured by 
every means possible, even to the installation of refrigerating supply-ships, 
fully equipped in every detail for active service. 

Indeed the preeminent services rendered to the country by Mr. Long, at 
this trying time, can neither be over-estimated nor too highly appreciated and 
the encomiums which were everywhere showered upon him for his adminis- 
trative zeal and capacity, during a period of great national difficulty, were 
amply justified. 

Mr. Long was reappointed to the same position in the cabinet in 1901, but 
he resigned his appointment early in 1902. This matter gave rise to much 
discussion and surprise when it became* known. Time has not yet revealed 
the causes which led to this unexpected and regrettable surrender of such an 
important office, which he had filled with the utmost credit to himself and 
with remarkable administrative efficiency during a period of national diffi- 
culty. Many reasons have been surmised but if there has been a feeling that he 
was sacrificed as a Victim to political expediency which has often been blind 
to the best interests of the nation, Mr. Long repudiates this suggestion as 
unfounded. Be this as it may, the circumstances which led to his resigna- 
tion removed from the cabinet one of the most honorable, efficient and incor- 
ruptible statesmen who ever held office in the administration of the country. 



8 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

His many accomplishments are but the fruitage of a potent and I 
hood .involving a well-poised, vigorous, and self-dominating character, a sil 
larly sweet, amiable disposition and a personality that is irresistible. Di 
fied without arrogance or pretentiousness, cordial, genial, unassuming, pru- 
dent, far-seeing, cautious, reliable, no one could speak to Mr. Long, or hear 
him speak without liking him, and no one could know him without loving him. 
Beside all this he is a worker and an earnest student; for he is not only thor- 
oughly versed in the civil, political, economical and literary history of his own 
state and country but in Belles Lettres and all the cultured graces of general 
literature; and in every movement affecting the welfare and happiness of his 
fellow-countrymen, as in every cause that touches his heart, he is ever ready 
to lend his presence and his voice and he is perhaps never happier than when 
doing so. He has long been shrined in the popular heart, for it knows that 
he is a safe custodian of the honor and fair name of the old Bay-state which he 
has served so loyally and so efficiently for so many years. 

To sum up his character in the fewest possible words, he is an unblemished 
statesman, the wisest of counsellors, the staunchest of friends, the most ami- 
able of men, a philanthropist, a scholar and a gentleman. 

The natural overflow of a lofty and noble character usually expresses itself 
in a pure philanthropy calculated to expand itself in altruistic benevolence, and 
in a conscientious and sympathetic regard for the progress and welfare of hu- 
manity. A sterling character is not satisfied with its achievements when its 
possessor has developed to the utmost the potentialities of his own individual- 
ity, but seeks further to evolve its highest possibilities as affecting the spread 
of civilization and the uplifting of the masses, the diffusion of knowledge as 
associated with the cultivation and propagation of literature, science and art, 
and the amelioration of social conditions among the less-favored classes of the 
community. 

Mr. Long has uniformly proved himself to be a philanthropist of the 
highest type and in the truest sense of an enlightened humanitarianism. His 
winning personality, his generous instincts, his cultured mind, his far-reaching 
knowledge of men and things gleaned from an exceptional experience, have 
ever been devoted to these ends, and thus constitute an exalted citizenship 
which reflects honor upon the land of his nativity. In addition to his life- 
long and distinguished services to his state and the nation, he presented the 
Zadoc Long Library to his native town — Buckfield, Me., in memory of his 
father, in 1891. 

Mr. Long's oratory is as well remembered in the halls of Congress and be- 
neath the dome of the Massachusetts State-House as it is known and appre- 



ggsat & 



4 







~ ---:i^^~-:~' c 




HON. JOHN D. LONG, LL.D. 9 

ciated throughout New England. Its charm is in its effortless simplicity, its 
effluence, its force and its expressiveness, while his manner is natural and easy, 
his voice clear and well modulated and his enunciation distinct. His language 
is always well chosen and graceful, often poetic, and his sentiments appeal to 
the hearts of his audience as if by an intuitional interpretation of their own 
feelings,, by the convincing power of his arguments, the clarity of his reason- 
ing, and the intensity of his earnestness. 

As examples of his style I quote the following passages from some of his 
speeches on public men. The first is from his oration at the centenary celebra- 
tion of Daniel Webster's birth: 

"Webster made his language the very household words of a nation. They 
are the library of a people. They inspired and still inspire patriotism. They 
taught and still teach loyalty. They are the school-books of the citizen . They 
are the inwrought and accepted fibre of American politics. If the temple of 
our republic shall ever fall, they will "still live" above the ground, like those 
great foundation-stones in ancient ruins which remain in lonely grandeur, 
unburied in the dust that over all else springs to turf, and make men wonder 
from what rare quarry and by what mighty force they came." 

"To Webster, almost more than to any otherman, — nay, at this distance, 
and in the generous spirit of this occasion, it is hard to discriminate among the 
lustrous names which now cluster at the gates of heaven as golden bars mass 
the west at sunset, — yet, to Webster, especially of them all, is it due that today, 
wherever a son of the United States, at home or abroad, "beholds the gorgeous 
ensign of the republic, now known and honored throughout the earth, still full 
high advanced, its arms and trophies streaming in their original lustre, not a 
stripe erased or polluted, not a single star obscured," he can utter a prouder 
boast than Civis Romamis sum. For he can say, I am an American citizen." 

Again this on Wendell Phillips at a Memorial meeting: — 

"Our glorious summer days sometimes breed, even in the very richness of 
their opulence, enervating and unhealthy weaknesses. The air is heavy. Its 
breath poisons the blood; the pulse of nature is sluggish and mean. Then 
comes the tempest and the thunder. So it was in the body politic, whether 
the plague was slavery or whatever wrong; whether it wa«- weakness in men of 
high degree or tyranny over men of low estate; whether it was the curse of the 
grog-shop, or the iron hand of the despot at home or abroad — so it was that 
like the lightning Phillips flashed and struck. The scorching, hissing bolt 
rent the air, now here, now there. From heaven to earth, now wild at random, 
now straight it shot. It streamed across the sky. It leaped in broken links 
of a chain of fire. It sometimes fell with reckless indiscrimination alike on the 



10 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

just and on the unjust. It sometimes smote the innocent as well as the guilty. 
But, when the tempest was over, there was a fairer and fresher spirit in the 
air and a sweeter health. Louder than the thunder, mightier than the; wind, 
the earthquake or the fire, a still small voice spoke in the public heart and the 
public conscience woke." 

The last quotation is from a speech on Longfellow: — 

"So the poet teaches us not our disparity from him, but our level with'him; 
not our meanness but our loftiness. Let us not forget that he owes as much 
to those who inspire him to sing their thoughts, as they to him for singing them. 
The music he wrote is all lying unwritten in us. Let us sing it in our lives, 
which we can, as he sung it from his pen, which we cannot. 

It was a beautiful life. It was felicitous beyond ordinary lot. The birds 
sang in its branches. The sun shone and the April showers fell softly upon "it. 
And while he now slumbers, let us read his verse anew. With his hymns' in 
our ears, may we, like him, leave behind us foot-prints on the sands of time: 
may our sadness resemble sorrow only as the mist resembles the rain : may we 
know how sublime a thing it is to suffer and be strong; may we wake the better 
soul that slumbered to a holy, calm delight; may we never mistake heaven's 
distant lamps for sad funereal tapers: and may we ever hear the voice from the 
sky like a falling star, — Excelsior!" 

It is of course, impossible to do justice to these brilliant and beautiful ad- 
dresses by such fragmentary excerpts, but Mr. Long's "After Dinner and other 
Speeches" will well repay perusal. 

In 1879, amid his duties as Speaker in the House of Representatives, Mr. 
Long somehow found time to translate the ^Eneid of Virgil into elegant blank 
verse, a task that even the most distinguished scholars would not readily under- 
take. He is also the author of a comprehensive work on "The Xew American 
Navy," in two volumes; "The Republican Party: its History, Principles and 
Policies, 1878-1S90," and a collection of "After Dinner and other Speeches," 
1898. He has also published a volume of poems, entitled "Fire-side Fancies." 
It will thus be seen that Mr. Long has strong claims for recognition as a 
litterateur and a poet, in addition to his manifold and multifarious accomplish- 
ments and achievements. — 

Mr. Long is now President of the alumni of Harvard University and als 
President of the Harvard Board of Overseers. At every period of his career 
he has distinguished himself; — among his school-mates, and his class-mates at 
college; — in every circle of his own profession, from the lowest to the highest; — 
and not only throughout the State of Massachusetts which he has served so 
long and so faithfully; — not only throughout his native state of Maine which 



HON. JOHN D. LONG, LL.D. 11 

is proud of him; — not only throughout New England, — but from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific, — from farthest north to farthest south, the name of John D. 
Long is respected, for it is as well known as its possessor is distinguished and 
popular everywhere. 

He has, moreover, distinguished himself as a statesman and patriot, as a 
politician, as an effective orator, as an eminent lawyer, as an author and a 
lover of literature, as a poet and as a philanthropist; would that there were 
many like him! 

He is still with us; but when advancing years prompt him to seek retire- 
ment, he will carry with him the best wishes and gratitude of his fellow-country- 
men and the affection of innumerable hosts of admiring friends. 



..&&:;■■ 



iSikrims ana fSlantcr 

^ ""* 16 2 0-163 OeT^ 

Lucie M. Gardner. A. O.. Editor. 



S 



Societies 

MAYFLOWER SOCIETY. 

Membership, Confined to Descendants of the May- 
flower Passengers. 
Governor — Asa P. French. 
Deputy Governor — John Mason Little. 
Captain — Edwin S. Crandon. 
Elder — Rev. George Hodges, D. D. 
Secretary — George Ernest Bowman. 
Treasurer — Arthur I. Nash. 
Historian — Stanley W. Smith. 
Surgeon — William H. Prescott, M. D. 
Assistants — Edward H. Whorf. 

Mrs. Leslie C. Wead. 

Henry D. Forbes. 

Mrs. Annie Quincy Emery. 

Lorenzo D. Baker, Jr. 

Miss Mary E. Wood. 

Miss Mary F. Edson. 



THE WOODBURY GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Descendants of John Woodbury, Cape Ann, 1624; 
Salem, 1626; Beverly, about 163S. 

President — Edwin S. Woodbury, Boston. 
Treasurer — Merton G. Woodbury, Melrose. 
Clerk — Mrs. Lora A. (Woodbury) Underhill, 

Brighton. 
Trustees President and Treasurer. 

John P. Woodbury, Boston. 

Isaac F. Woodbury, Allston. 

Melville Woodbury, Beverly. 

C. J. H. Woodbury, Lynn. 

Frank T. Woodbury, M. D., Wakfield. 

Louis A. Woodbury, M. D., Groyeland. 

William R. Woodbury, M. D., Boston. 



The Woodbury Genealogical Society 
was incorporated under the laws of Massa- 
chusetts "for the purpose of collecting 
and publishing historical and genealogi- 
cal information concerning the old planters 
John and William Woodbury, their ances- 
tors and descendants and perpetuating 
their memory by monuments or other- 
wise." 

A large amount of valuable genealogi- 
cal material collected by the late Charles 
P. Woodbury of Ashland, Kansas and by 
the late Judge Charles Levi Woodbury, 
with data contributed by many others 
concerning their own personal lines, has 
been corrected, systematically arranged 



and put into usable shape by Mrs. L ra A. 
Underhill, clerk of the Society. '\ 
are in her possession, carefully preserved 
in a large safe owned by the so< i< : 
boxes containing nearly 4000 card ;, system- 
atically arranged, on which are brief 
of families and persons grouped by genera- 
tions and bearing numbers which refer 
to titles and sketches kept in alphabetical 
letter files. Military records and sketches 
of prominent members of the family are 
to be given in the book which the society 
contemplates publishing in the near future. 



THE OLD PLANTERS SOCIETY. 

Incorporated. 

Membership Confined to Descendants of Settlen 

in New England prior to the TranxU-r , f y.e 

Charter to Xew England in 1630. 

President' — Col. Thomas Wf.ntwor t h Hit.ginson 

Cambridge 
Vice Pres. — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Salem. 
Secretary — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 
Treasurer — Frank V. Wright, Salem. 
Registrar — Mrs. Lora A. W. Underhill, 

Brighton. 
Councillors — Wm. Prfscott Greenlaw, Boston. 

R. W. Sprahuf, M. D-i BOSl n. 

Hon. A. P. Gardner, Hamilton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brookline. 

Francis H. Lee, Salem. 

Col. J. Granville Leach, Phila. 

Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plain. 

Joseph A. Torret, Manv-hj -teb. 

Edward O. Skelton, Roxbcht. 



The December meeting of the society 
was held on Thursday, December sixteenth, 
at the hall of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society in Boston. The subject of the 
meeting was "Old Dorchester, England." 
The speaker of the afternoon was Reverend N 
Charles Henry Pope of Cambridge, who 
gave his personal reminiscences of the old 
Dorsetshire town. Dr. Gardner, Vice-] 
ident of the society, in introducing the 
speaker referred briefly to the early h:<tory 
of Dorchester, going 'back to pre-Rorr.an 
times when it was possibly the Dunium of 
Ptolemy. During the Roman occupation 
of England it was a thriving town bearing 
the name of Dumovaria. The largest 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



13 



Roman amphitheatre in Great Britain has 
been found there and they have also un- 
earthed a villa with tesselated floors and 
dug up coins, fibula?, glass beads, bracelets 
and pins. At the time of the Saxon and 
Danish invasion in 1003 the town was de- 
stroyed by fire. In the Belgian invasion 
it was again attacked. It also had an 
interesting history in connection with the 
Great Rebellion of 1645, and in Mon- 
mouth's rebellion. The notorious Judge 
Jeffrey's held court here and condemned 
many in. the "bloody assizes." Thomas 
Hardy the modern novelist has added to 
the interest of the town by writing of it 
as the "Casterbridge" of his novels. 

Mr. Pope spoke charmingly of his life in 
Dorchester and described in detail the 
house in which the Reverend John White, 
the patriarch of the Dorchester planters, 
lived. He mentioned the back door of the 
house with the slip made to allow the oc- 
cupant to view anyone applying for ad- 
mission, and the small glass windows. He 
spoke of Mr. White as a devoted minister, 
priest or presbyter of the Church of Eng- 
land, who after helping Maverick and others 
to collect the company to come, went with 
them to Plymouth, England. There they 
met at the "house of the poor," and he pre- 
sided while the people selected the minis- 
ters to serve them. 

He told of his visits to the home of the 
Spragues at Upway, Roger Conant at 
Budleigh and the Dodges at Coker. Wil- 
liam Hooper also came from the latter 
place. Mr. Pope described the difference 
between the Pilgrims and Puritans and 
told of their union here. John Howland, 
he said represented a group persecuted in 
England, fleeing for a refuge. Roger Clapp 
and Thomas Ford represented another 
Church colony, who came as business men, 
and were on the best of terms with the 
Church of England until they left. Rev. 
John White of Dorchester, showed a bond 
of Union between these two branches; 
Pilgrim and Puritan. He told the Dor- 
chester people what they were doing in 
Plymouth and thus developed this unity. 
The speakers said that in the Reverend 
John White and the passengers of the 
"Mary and John," we have instances of 
people who lived in peace at home coming 
voluntarily to do their work here. Mr. 
Pope's address was full of vital interest to 
the descendants of these men who were 



present as members and guests of the 
society. 



jjamih: associations 

BALCH FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of John Balch. WrstnanxAft 16J'.'.; 
Cape Ann, 1624; Salem, 1626; Bercrly, 1>,., 9, 

PRESIDENT GaLL'SHA B. BaLCH, M. I>., 

YONKERS, N. V. 

Vice Pres. — George W. BaLCH, Detroit. 

Joseph B. Balch, Dedkail 

Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plain. 

Gardner P. Balch, \\ v rt ttoXBURT. 

Harry H. COFFIN, BbOOKLINE. 

Maj. H. H. Clat, Gaii -hi kq, III. 

John Balch, Milton 

William H. BaLCH, StOXFHAM. 

Alfred C. Balch, Phila. 

E. T. Stone, Somerville. 
Secretary — William Lincoln Balch, Boston. 

THE GARDNER FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of Thomas Gardner, Cape. Ann, 1624; 
Saiem, 16-6. 
President — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Salem. 
V. Pres. — Hon. Augustus P. Gardner, Hansilto.v 
Sec'y & Treas. — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 

Councillors — Rev. Chas. H. Pope, Cambridge. 

Hon. Geo. R. Gardner, Calais, Me. 
Robert W. Gardner, N. V. City. 
George Peabody Gardner, Boston 
Arthur H. Gardner, Nantucket. 
Joseph A. Torrey, Manchester. 



ROGER CONANT FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of Ror.er Conant, Plymouth, 16J2; 
Nantasket, 1624—5; ("ape Ann. 1625; 
Salem, 1626; Beverly, 163S. 
President 1 — Samuel Morris Conant, Pawtucket. 
Secy & Treas.— Charles Milton Conant, Boston. 
Chaplin — Rev. C. A. Conant, IV. Albany, N. Y. 
Executive Committee 

Hamilton S. Conant, Boston, Chairman. 

W. E. Conant, Littleton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brookline. 

Dr. Wm. M. Conant, Boston. 

Charles A. Conant, New York.. 

Edward D. Conant. Newton. 

Frederick Odell Conant. Portland. Mb. 

Francis Ouer Conant. Brookhaven, Miss. 

Henry E. Conant, Concord. N. H. 

Clarissa Conant. Danvers. 

John A. Conant. Willimantic, Conn. 

Charlotte H. Conant. XaTICR. 

Chas. Bancroft Conant, Newark, V J. 



ALLEN FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of William Allen, Cape Ann, 1624; 
Salem, 1626; Manchester, 1636. 
President— Raymond C. Allen, MANCHESTER, 
Secretary— Etta Rabardy, Manchester. 
Treasurer— Samuel Knight, Manchester. 



WILLIAM H. HILL 



By John N. McClintock. 



William H. Hill, who with Spencer R. Richardson and Edward D. 
Adams established the banking house of Richardson, Hill & Co., of Boston, 
■needs no introduction to the financial world. For forty years he has been 
•one of the leaders in advancing the material interests of Massachusetts, in 
railroads, steamboats, factories, commerce and banking, whereby Massa- 
chusetts has maintained her position in the van of modern progress. He is 
-a member of a colonial family which from the first settlement of the country 
has been prominent in public affairs. 

I. Peter Hill, the pioneer ancestor, born in England, emigrated to this 
•country with his family some time before 1648, settled in Saco in 1G53, and 
-died in Saco in 1667. 

II. Roger Hill, son of Peter Hill, born in England, emigrated with his 
father, settled in Saco in 1653; married, in November, 1658, Mary Cross; died 
in 1696. Mary (Cross) Hill died in 1720.* 

Children of Roger and Mary (Cross) Hill: 

1. Sarah, born April 7, 1661; married Pendleton Fletcher. 

2. Hannah, born Sept. 7, 1664, married Saint Joseph Storer. 

3. John, born Mav 28, 1666; married Marv Frost of Kittery. 

4. Samuel, born Dec. 14, 1668. 

5. Joseph. 

*The following letter, heretofore unpublished, brings back vivdly the troublous 
times in which the writer lived: 

"Dated from Wells, Me., May, 1690. 
Dear and loving wife: — These are to let you know that we are all well here, blessed 
be God for it, and all our children remember their duty to you. The Indians have killed 
Goodman Frost and James Littlefield, and carried away Nathaniel Frost, and burned sev- 
eral houses here in Wells. 

•I would have our son John to hire a boat, if he can, to bring you and some 
of our things by water, for I fear it is not safe to come by land. Son John be as careful 
of your mother as you possibly can, for it is very dangerous times; the' Lord only 
knows whether we shall see one" another any more. Praying for your prosperity your 
loving husband until death. Roger Hill." 

* * * * * * 

"Remember my love to son Fletcher and daughter and all their children, and to all 
my neighbors in general. Son Storer and wife remember their duty to you and love to 
their mother, Fletcher and all cousins and yourself." 



WILLIAM H. HILL 15 . 

6. Mary, born June 25, 1672; married Daniel Littlefield. 

7. Benjamin, born Feb. 24, 1674. 

8. Ebenezer, born Feb. 14, 1679. 

III. Capt. John Hill, son of Roger and Mary (Cross) Hill, born in 
Saco, May 28, 1666, was in command of the garrison house at Saco during 
the King Philip War, stoutly and successfully defending the same; later 
removed to Berwick, then a part of the township of Kittery; married 
Dec. 12, 1694, Mary Frost, the daughter of Major Charles Frost of Kittery 
and the granddaughter of Nicholas Frost, the first of the name in the 
country, who was killed by the Indians July 4, 1697, at the age of 65 years, 
and was buried on Frost's Hill in Elliott. Captain John Hill died June 2, 
1713; his widow died February 1, 1752. 

Children of Captain John and Mary (Frost) Hill: 

1. Sarah, born Dec. 6, 1695. 

2. Mary, born Jan. 15, 1701. 

3. John (Judge), born Jan., 1703. 

4. Abigail, born Dec. 5, 1706. 

5. Elisha, born Feb. 5, 1710. 

6. Eunice, born Nov. 1, 1712. 

IV. Captain Elisha Hill son of John and Mary (Frost) Hill, was born 
in Berwick Feb. 5, 1709-10, old style ;built himself ahousenear his brother, Judge 
John Hill at Great Works, South Berwick, and there resided; was a deacon 
of the church; married Dec. 16, 1736, Mary Plaisted, the daughter of Cap- 
tain Elisha and Hannah (Wheelwright) Plaisted of Berwick, the granddaugh- 
ter of Colonel John and Mary (Pickering) Plaisted of Portsmouth, the great- 
granddaughter of Lieut. Roger Plaisted, who was killed by the Indians Oct. 
16, 1675, at the age of 48 years. 

Captain Elisha Hill died June 1, 1764; his wife died Aug. 6, 17S5, at the 
age of 67 years; they were buried in the South Berwick Cemetery. 
Children of Captain Elisha and Mary (Pickering) Hill: 

1. John, born Aug. 26, 1738; married Elizabeth Scammons, Sept. 25, 1766. 

2. Mary, born Jan. 14, 1740; married Michael Whidden of Portsmouth, Nov. 25, 1766. 

3. Hannah, born Aug. 26, 1741 ; married Dominicus Goodwin of South Berwick, July 

12, 1763. 

4. Eunice, a twin sister, married 1st George Hight, Sept. 6, 1764; married 2nd 

Thomas Damrill, Jan. 25, 1774. 

5. Elisha, born July 27, 1743; removed to Portsmouth; married Oct. 28, 1773, 

Elizabeth Clark (widow), and left children. 

6. Samuel, born July 12, 1745, removed to Portsmouth, married Polly Gouge, March 

31, 1774, was a successful merchant, and left children. 

7. Sarah, born Dec. 14, 1746, married Samuel Cutts of Saco, Oct. 15, 1707. 

8. Elizabeth, born Oct. 26, 1748, married Ward Clark, Dean of Exeter, Jan. 25, 1770. 



16 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

9. Abigail, born Sept. 7, 1750, married 1st Colonel Eliphalet Ladd, May 14 1772 
married 2nd Rev. Dr. Joseph Buckminister, Aug. 5, l.xio * 

10. Jeremiah, born Aug. 16, 1752; removed to Portsmouth; married Polly Trewin 

May, 1774, 

11. James, born April 1,1754; married, 1st Eunice Gruard, 2nd Sally M Brian! 

12. Mehitable, born Feb. 21, 1756; married George Massey of Portsmouth, Dec. 2, 1 77.1 

13. Ichabod, born July 6, 1758; married Esther Gordon.' Nov. 6. 17-Sl. 

14. Olive, born Feb. 21, 1761; married James Taylor of Canada.Aug. 1, 1789. 

V. Captain James Hill, son of Captain Elisha and Mary (Pickering) Hill, 
born April 1, 1754, in Berwick, settled in Portsmouth. "The Fourth Provin- 
cial Congress voted on the First day of September, 1775. to raise four regi- 
ments of Minute Men by the enlistment of men from the several regiments 
of Militia. The men were to be enlisted for four months, and then 
others were to take their places. The troops were stationed in Portsmouth, 
New Castle, Kittery and vicinity to defend the harbor from any attack that 
might be made upon it by the enemy from the seaward. Captain James 
Hill commanded one of these companies on Pierce's Island Nov. 5, 1775. In 
a pay-roll of a company of Volunteers commanded by Col. John Langdon 
from Sept. 29, 1777 to Oct. 31, following, and joined to the Continental 
Army under General Gates at Saratoga, James Hill appears as an Ensign 
time in service one month, thirteen days — thirteen days allowed for travel 
home. The foregoing was an independent company composed of men of rank 
and position, who volunteered to go under command of Hon. John Langdon 
and assist personally in completing the work of capturing Burgovne's Armv, 
which had been so effectually commenced by the troops under Stark at Ben- 
nington. Col. Langdon furnished the money to equip Stark's New Hamp- 
shire men, and had patriotism enough left to take the field in person and 
labor in the cause with enthusiastic ability until the close of the war. "f 

In the records of Portsmouth Captain James Hill is named as one of the 
twelve citizens elected to receive General George Washington when he 
visited Portsmouth. 

Captain James Hill married 1st Eunice Gruard, Sept. 30. 177(3; she died 
Feb. 26, 1801; he married 2nd Mrs. Sally M. Briard (widow), March 26,1803, 
whose first husband was the brother of Eunice (Gruard) Hill. She had a 

* Alexander H. Ladd of Portsmouth, a grandson of Colonal Eliphalet and Abigai- 
(Hill) Ladd, has given in a letter most of the foregoing information, citing as his author- 
ity a paper on Judge John Hill and descendants, published in Vol. 12 of V E. II:-*,. 
and Gen. Register, manuscripts discovered in an old chest in the garret of Capt. G. 
of Berwick, where they had been nailed up for seventy years, and civil and military com- 
misions held by the Hills. 

f A. D. Ayling, Adjutant General of New Hampshire 



.■*>■%* 



WILLIAM H. HILL 17 

son, George, by her first husband, two children by her second husband, 
William and Katherine, and five children by her last husband. 

Captain James Hill died Dec. 29. 1811, in Portsmouth. 

Children of Captain James and Eunice (Gruard) Hill: 

1. Elisha, born Jan. 8. 1777; married Phoeby Jenkins, March 17, 17 ( .'S; lived and died 

in Portsmouth, father of Aaron R. Hill, living in 1S94 

2. Eunice, born March 1, 177S; married her cousin, John Hill, Aug. 2, 1796; livi 

died in Portsmouth. 

3. Mary, born Nov. 16, 1770; married Thomas Chadbourne, Aug. 28, 1802; lived and 

died in Portsmouth. 

4. Elizabeth(Betsy), born April 9, 1781; married George Daniels, Feb. 23,1805; set- 

tled in Xew York State, had children, and died there. 

5. James, born March 27, 1783; married Abigail Hill. 

6. Jeremiah, born Feb. 16, 1785; married Flannah Miller, May, 23, 1814; settled in 

Vermont. 

7. Mehitable, born Oct. 16, 17S6; married Joseph Sweet. Aug. S, I SOS; died in Mobile. 

8. George Massey, born Aug. 19. 178S; died Aug. 16, 179S. 

9. Ann, born March IS, 1790; lived and died in Cambridge. 
19. Fanny, born Sept 24, 1791; died Oct. 24, 1791. 

11. Theodore, born April 3, 1793, a minister in Maine, died there in 1882. 

12. Henry, born Sept. 11, 1794; settled in Georgia. 

13. Sarah Ann, born Aug. 26, 1796; lived and died in Cambridge. 

14. Harriette, born May 24, 179S; joined Henry in Georgia. 

Children of Captain James and Sally M. (Gruard) (Briand^Hill, 2nd wife: 

1. Caroline Ladd, born Jan. 4 (or March 24) 1S04; lived and died in Portsmouth. 

2. Samuel Ladd, born Aug. 19, 1806;' was a pilot off Xew Orleans. 

3. Oliver Briand, born Aug. 30. 1807 ; published a newspaper in Xew Orleans 

4. Jane, born April 22, 1809; married a Mr. Landers; settled in Ohio. 

5. Alfred, born Jan. 1, 1811; was the father of Mrs. Louise B. Farrell, wife of Colonel 

William B. Farrell of Xew York; and died at sea. 

VI. James Hill, son of James and Eunice (Gruard) Hill, born in Ports- 
mouth, March 27, 17S3; married Abigail Hill, Sept. 20, 1S07. She was the 
daughter of Moses Hill of the Connecticut family, torn in 17S7; and died 
Nov. 30, 1S61. He died Dec. 26, 1S29. Both are buried in the old Xorth bury- 
ing ground in Portsmouth. On his tombstone is the inscription: "An honest 
man is the noblest work of God." On that of his wife: "Gone to meet her friends 
that went before, and to wait for those who come after." James Hill served 
in the Home Guard in the War of IS 12. 

Children of James and Abigail (Hill) Hill: 

1. Mary Jane, born ; married John S. Harvey of Portsmouth; three children, 

Charles Carroll, Adelaide and William Henry. 

2. Abby Stevens, born May 20, 1811; married Leonard Wilson, a merchant ar. 

estate owner, settled'in Buffalo, X.Y: two children, Mar}' Granger an I 

3. James Madison, born 1812 (?); a successful sea captain, commanding some of 

the largest and finest vessels afloat ; married Valeria Brown ; 4 children, Elisha 
("died voung) Harriet, Katie, and J. Fred. 

4. William Henry, born July 22, 1814; married Abby F. Remich. 

5. Aaron M., born July 20, 18 15; married Nancy Xewhall ofSaugus. 



18 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

6. John Putnam, died in San Francisco in 1S">5. 

7. Henrietta, died young. 

S. Henrietta Lavina, died in ISoO at age of 27 years. 
9. Eliza Ann, died in Portsmouth. 

VII. William Henry Hill, son of James and Abigail (Hill) Hill 
born July 22, 1S14 in the house known as the Dr. Leighton house, on 
Vaughn Street near Deer Street in Portsmouth. He was reared in hum 
circumstances, but by great ability and strict economy he attained um: 
financial success. He was a large and handsome man, with a finely shaj 
head, close curling hair, red in early youth and snow white in later years. 
He was six feet tall, weighed over two hundred pounds; had great dignity of 
presence; yet was genial, sympathetic, and had a keen sense of humor. His 
reputation for integrity, remarkable insight into business and legal methods, 
sound judgement, justice, unflinching independence, and absolute reliability- 
caused him to be greatly respected and his advice to be largely sought. 

He was the axis on which all the ramifications of his family connections 
revolved and which never failed them. When a young man he was an active 
member of the Boston Fusileers, and at the time of the burning of the con- 
vent in Charlestown, he was at the Armory for several days and nights ready 
for service. He was identified with many of the prominent business interests 
of Boston. He was the pioneer and a director of the First National Bank of 
Boston, a director in Boston Wharf Co., and Boston and Marine Insurance Co., 
president of the Boston and Bangor Steamboat Co., and held many other offices 
of trust and honor. 

Two days before his death he said to his daughters: "I have never in all 
my life done a dishonorable act that I know of. ' If there is a future life, I 
want it, and shall have it." He died at his home on Corey Hill, Beacon 
Street, Brookline, Feb. 26, 1SSS. 

He was married 1st Dec. 31, 1S37, to Abby F. Remich, daughter of 
Samuel Harrington and Sarah M. (Tucker) Remich, Mrs. Abby F. (Remich) 
Hill traced her descent through six generations from 

1. Christian Remich, born in 1631, settled in Kittery in 1651, signe 1 
the submission to Massachusetts in 1652; was a planter and surveyor; was 
often one of the selectmen of Kittery; Town Treasurer. His wife, Hannah 
was living in 1703; he was living in 1715. 

2. Sergt. Jacob Remich, son of Christian, born in 1660 ; married Lydia 

; served Kittery as selectman and treasurer; was a farmer and ship- 
builder; his will was probated in 1745. 



■■■■ . 



WILLIAM H. HILL 19 

3. Jacob Remich, son of Sergt. Jacob, and Lydia Remich, waa born 
March 6, 16S6-7; married Rebecca daughter of John Sloper; died about 1760. 

4. Benjamin Remich, son of Jacob and Rebecca (Sloper) Remich, born 
in 1719; was a ship builder; married Elizabeth Deed; died in L782. His 
widow died in 1790. 

5. Benjamin Remich, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Deed; Remich, 
born in 1753; married in 1777, Abigail, daughter of John and Margaret (Fcr- 
nald) Fernald; was a ship builder and naval constructor, a veteran of the 
American Revolution; one of the builders of Commodore Paul Jones's ships; 
died 1S39. 

6. Samuel Harrington Remich, son of Benjamin and Abigail (Femald) 
(Remich), born in 17S5 ; married in 1805 Sarah M. Tucker, who died in 
1829; was a soldier in War of 1S12; was a builder; lived in Kittery and 
Boston; died in 1S64. 

7. Abby Fernald Remich, daughter of Samuel H. and Susan M. 
(Tucker) Remich, born Oct. 1, 1S16; married Dec. 31, 1837, William Henry 
Hill; died in 1858. 

Children of William Henry and Abby Fernald (Remich) Hill: 

1. William Henry, born July 14, 1S38; married 1st Sarah E. May; 2nd Caroline 

Wright Rogers: 

2. Sarah Abby, born Dec. 26.. 1S39. 

3. Henrietta Lavinia, born Oct. 20 1841; married Dec. 10, 18G7, Henry White, son 

of Wm. A. and Lucy (Jackson) White of Boston; resides in Broukline, Mass. 
Children: 

1. Herbert Hill White, born June 29, 1S69 ; married Oct. 3, 1895, Clarissa 

Watts, daughter of Charles Winslow and Emma (Watts) Lewis. 

2. Norman Hill White, born Dec. 25, 1871. 

4. Samuel James, died in infancy. 

By a second ma-mage to Kate C. Chase, daughter of Deacon Samuel 
Chase of Haverhill there were children: 

1. Minnie, born Feb. 17, 1860; died in November, 186-1. 

2. Mabel Chase, born March 27, 1364. 

3. Edith W 7 hite, born Sept. 2, 1S68. 

4. Ethel Maria, born May 6, 1870. 

"VIII. William Henry Hill, son of William Henry and Abby Fernald 
(Remich.) Hill, was born in Boston, July 14, 1S3S; graduated at the Rox- 
bury High School in 1855; began his business career as a clerk, from 1855 to 
1S59, in the publishing house of Sanborn, Carter & Bazin and their succes- 
sors, Brown, Taggard & Chase; became a partner in the firm as Chase, 
Nichols & Hill, 1S59-1SGL; bookseller and publisher on his own account 



20 , THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

from 1S61 to 1S69; and since 1S69 a member of the banking house of 
Richardson, Hill & Company. 

Mr. Hill may be said to have graduated at the University of Literature, 
the Boston book store — and to have 'taken a post graduate course in the 
wholesale business of publishing books. 

Richardson. Hill & Company soon became identified with important 
financial enterprises, factors in the development and extension of the busi- 
ness and commerce of Boston, Massachusetts, and the United States; and 
won. and held a national and international standing and reputation for busi- 
ness sagacity and sound judgment. Great undertakings on land and sea have 
been promoted by them, guided in their course until they became dividend- 
payers and safe and solid investments. The offer by the house of stocks 
and bonds for sale has been a guarantee to the public of their present or 
certain future value. 

Among the men who conduct the great business interests of Boston, he 
ranks as a man of great ability, undoubted integrity, and sound judgment. 
Like his ancestors in the several generations in this country he has been a 
leader of men, if not in war, in the great industrial enterprises where leader- 
ship and generalship. are of the utmost importance to ultimate success of an 
undertaking. Like other successful commanders he has won his battles by 
the wise selection of his aides and staff. 

Aside from his great banking interests Mr. Hill has had many outlets for 
his energy and executive ability. In 1875 with his father he came into con- 
trol of the Boston and Bangor Steamship Company, at a time when its 
stock had a market value of one-quarter of its face value; and for twenty- 
five years thereafterwards, as managing director, treasurer, and president, he 
directed the affairs of the company and placed its business on a sound 
foundation, put its stock far above par, built wharves and store-houses, 
added great steamers of the best modern type to its fleet, gained a 
vast freight and passenger trafic, established a corps in charge of the busi- 
ness dependent upon merit for promotion, and from captain to deck-hand loyal 
and devoted to company's interests. 

Mr. Hill and his father had the courage to embark in the steamboat 
business in 1SS2. undertaking to reorganize the Boston and Bangor line and 
to make it an important factor in the developement of trade and commerce. 
What he undertook to do he did well; and upon the incorporation of the 
Eastern Steamship Company in 1901 he had reason to have pride in what 
had been accomplished under his management. The Bangor line became 
the model of the new corporation. 



5, -— 



/" ,■ ■ 



,' r^y-- ' 






ti 







4 



. 









A 




■ 







m^ 



WILLIAM H. HILL 21 

To Mr. Hill is due the credit of largely increasing the commerce of 
Massachusetts by building up and establishing on a secure foundation the 
Eastern Steamship Company, connecting Boston with Maine and the Mari- 
time Provinces of the Dominion of Canada, operating twenty-one steamers 
with a total tonnage of over 26,000 tons, transporting to and from Boston 
nearly half a million passengers annually and 200.000 tons of freight over 
routes 1,375 miles in length. Two steel steamships of the line have each a 
tonnage of 3S26 tons; three steel turbine steamers have each a tonnage of 
2353 tons; and each were built at a cost of §500,000, representing the best 
in modern naval architecture.* 

For a number of years Mr. Hill was president of the Assabet Manufactur- 
ing Company of Maynard, at the time the largest woolen mills in America ; 
president of the Windsor Company of North Adams; and president of the 
Citizens Gas Company of Ouincy. 

Mr. Hill is the trustee of several estates; president of the Renfrew Manu- 
facturing Company of Adams; president of the Foster's Wharf Company of 
Boston; a director of the First National Bank of Boston; the International 
Trust Co. ; a director of the Boston Insurance Company ; a director of the 
Eastern Steamship Company: a director in many other Companies; a mem- 
ber of the Boston Chamber of Commerce, the Boston Stock Exchange, the 
Boston Real Estate Exchange, the Bostonian Society, the Bunker Hill Mon- 
ument Association, the Algonquin Club, the Boston Art Club, the Boston 
Athletic Association, the Colonial Club., and the Country Club. 

Mr. Hill has resided in Brookline since 1869, attends St. Paul's (Episcopal) 
Church, where his children were baptized, and has for a summer home the old 
Rand house and estate in Weston. (See Vol. 2, pages 165-7, Mass. Mag.) 
Also "The Maples," formerly the Bullock Mansion, in Royalston, Mass. 

Mr. Hill was married (1) Januarys, 1S63, to Sarah E., daughter of William 
B. May, of Boston. She was born August 5, 1843; died July 6, 1904. Mr. 
Hill was married (2) April 26, 1906, to Caroline Wright Rogers, daughter of 

*Sixteen years after the first practical application of steam to propel vessels, the 
first regular steamboat appeared in the waters of Maine. This was the Patent, which 
on July 7, 1823, arrived in Portland harbor on her first trip, under command of Captain 
Seward Porter, the pioneer of steamboating in eastern waters. The Patent ran dui 
that year between Boston and Portland, it took 17 hours to make the trip, and the 
charge for passage was So, including meals, just half of the stage fare. The Patent 
built in Medford in 1821. In 1824, the Maine, of 105 tons, buiit at a co>t of $13,000, 
belonging to Captain Porter, was added to the fleet. The Patent was run between B — 
ton and Bath, and the Maine ran from Bath to ports to the eastward as far as St. John. 
Thus as early as 182-4 there was a regular line of steamers connecting Boston with the prin- 
cipal ports of Maine and New Brunswick. 



22 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Charles E.*and Mary J. (Williams f) Rogers, a descendant of Thomas Rogers, 
a passenger en the Mayflower, and of Robert Williams, the ancestor of the 
Roxbury Williams family. 

Children of William Henry and Sarah E. (May) Hill: 

1. Warren May Hill, born Octo! er 28, 1S63; married October 7, L891. Mary E. Car- 

ney. Children: 

Frances Hill, born Jan. 31, 1S04, 
Louise Hill, born Jan. 22, 1S9G. ' 

* 1. Thomas Rogers, one of the Pilgrims who came in the Mayflower, in 1632. 

2. Joseph Rogers, son of Thomas, came with his father at the age of fourteen. 

3. John Rogers, son of Joseph, born 1642. Married Elizabeth Twining. 

4. Joseph Rogers, son of John, born 1679. Married Mercy Crisp. 

5. Elkanah Rogers, son of Joseph, born 1707. Married (1) Reliance Yates. Married 

(2) Mercy Burgess, widow of Ebenezer and daughter of Jonathan God:: 

6. Elkanah Rogers, son of Elkanah, born 1760. Married Tamsend Snow. 

7. Joshua Rogers, son of Elkanah, born 1790. Married Sally Reed. 

8. Lyman F. Rogers, son of Joshua, born 1S22. Married Caroline Wright. 

9. Charles Edward Rogers, born Nov., 1853. Married Mary Josephine Williams, bom 

March 4, 1854. Children: 

Joseph Williams, born June 7, 1876. 

Caroline Wright, born Aug. 5, 1S7S. Married William H. Hill of Brook- 
line, April 26th, 1906. 
Frank Norwood, born Mav 16, 1881. 
Robert, born Sept. 23, 1883; died Nov. 22, 18S6. 
Herbert, born Oct. 5, 1S85. 
Charles Gustavus, born Dec. 12, 1SS7. 
Dudley Thayer, born Oct. 27, 18S9. 
t 1. Robert Williams, settled in Roxbury in 1638. His first wife was Elizabeth 
Stratton, whom he probably married in England. 

2. Stephen, third son of Robert and Elizabeth (Stratton), born Nov. 8, 1610; mar- 

ried Sarah Wise; died Feb 15, 1719-20. 

3. Joseph, seventh son of Stephen and Sarah (W r ise), born Feb. 24, 1681; married 

Abigail Torrey, May 22, 1706. 

4. John son of Joseph and Abigail Torrey. born Sept. 17, 1712. Married 2nd wife, 

Bethia (Parker) Stedman. 

5. Ebenezer, son of John and Bethia Stedman, born June 13, 1738. Graduated 

Harvard College 1760. Ordained 1765. Married May 25, 1769, Mary Norwood. 
Preached in Falmouth, Me. Died 1799 

6. Gustavus Williams, seventh son of Ebenezer and Mary Norwood born Feb. 19, 

1785; married Iza Moody. 

7. Joseph Baker Williams, born Nov. 22, 1809, son of Gustavus Williams and Iza 

Moody. Married Marv A. Fowle June, 1S53. He died April 16, 1871 in New 
York. 

8. Mary Josephine William, dt^rur ;rd cr!v child cf Jcfejh Willfrxrs ar.d 

Mary A. Fowle. born March 4, 1854. Married Charles Edward Rogers of Barre, 
Mass., Oct. 7, 1874. 

9. Caroline W T right, second child of Charles E. Rogers, Marv J. Williams, born Aug. 

5, 1878. Married William H. Hill, April 26, 1906. 

Mrs. Hill was graduated from Wellesley College in the class of 1 900. She has 
been president of the Boston Welleslev College Club from 1907-1909, mem- 
ber of the House Committee of The College Club. 40 Commonwealth Ave. 
since 1907, Member Executive Board Boston College Settlement, Deni 
House, since 1907, Treasurer Boston College Settlement 1907-1909, Member 
Executive Committee on Industrial (Savings Bank) Insurance under au>; 
of Women's Educational and Industial. Union. 



WILLIAM H. HILL 23 

2. Harold St. James Hill, born Xov <\ 1SG.5; died Au" 10 18G0 

:*. Marion Hill, born Feb. IS, 1868. 

4. Clarence Harvey Hill, born March 12, ls70. 

5. Spencer Richardson Hill, born Dec. 6, 1871; married June 7, 1899, Elizabeth 

Hale Cushing;child Philip Cushing Hill, born Jan. 6, 1901. 

6. Ernest Lawrence Hill, born October."). 1873; died Xov 2, 1905; married May 

23, 1902, Annette S. Shaw; child Ernest Lawrence Hill Ian. -■>. i 
7 - William Henry Reginald Hill, born Sept. 21, IS75; married Oct. 25, 1898, Grace 
Whittier Thayer; children, William Henry Hill Jr., born June 7,' 1 
adopted by his grandfather in 100+. 

8. Donald Mackav Hill, born Xov. 11,1877; married June 11, 1902, Annie Xcal 

Turner. Children: 

Donald Mackav Hill. Jr. born June 30. 1904. 
Gordon Turner Hill, born Xov. 22, 190.5; died Aug. 7, 1906. 
Malcom Turner Hill, born Feb. 12. 1908. 

9. Barbara Hill, born Sept. 19, 1879; died Sept. 9. 1883. 

10. Philip Sanford Hill, born August 1(5, 1S81; died Aug. 2, 1885. 

11. Kenneth Amory Hill, born June 22, 1884. 

Naturally of keen perceptions, with quick insight into human nature 
and the trend of affairs, Mr. Hill has advanced abreast of the times as a 
leader and former of events and men. To these rare gifts of insight and ob- 
servation, traits of inestimable educational value to the man of affairs, is added 
a capacity for broad sympathy with the lives of others, an appreciati >n . : 
their aims and aspirations, and a willing and ready hand to guide and aid. 

Few are so well in touch with the affairs of the day, the great questions of 
local, national and international importance, nor so well informed concerning 
the vital issues, and their practical outcome — based on a knowledge of the 
great forces at work above the surface, and the undercurrent at work below, 
which make more complex the problems which our nation has to face. It is of 
interest to note the culmination of the traits of the colonial and pioneer for- 
bears in the men of today, a note-worthy instance being that of Mr. Hill, 
quiet in demeanor, sturdy and upright in character, bearing "duty and intel- 
ligence" as a watchword, and priding himself on accomplishment and neigh - 
borliness. 

Mr. Hill typifies the old stock which Professor Palmer has called "The 
Glory of America." 

William Henry Hill is a gentleman of fine personal presence, affable, ap- 
proachable, candid, sincere, genial, friendly, and polished. He has good health 
and carries his years gracefully. He has a host of friends in many walks 
of life, and to a marked degree he enjoys the confidence, esteem and friend- 
ship of his life-long business associates. 

He springs from a long line of distinguished colonial ancestors, whose 
nerve, bravery and patriotism were often tested in garrison house and on 



24 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

field of battle and never found wanting in the several generations; 
through a long lite William Henry Hill has sustained creditably the honor, 
dignity and traditions of several eminent New England families, and has an 
unblemished name and escutcheon. 

To such men as William Henry Hill, and to such families as his, and 
such as he is connected with, is due to a large extent the splendid 
growth, enormous resources, and foreign influence of the United States of 
America. 



This is the seventh of a series of articles, giving the organization and history of all the Massachme'tj 
regiments which took part in the war of the Revolution.] 

COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel Timothy Walker's Mincte Men's Regiment. 177.",. 
Twenty-second Regiment. Army of the United Colonies. 1775 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

This Bristol County regiment, while not distinctly called a "Minute Men* 5'' 
regiment is entitled to be included in a list of such as the following document 
on file in the Massachusetts x\rchives will show. 

"A Mufter roll of Officers down in the alarm from the 19th of April 1775 
to the 24th. 



Men's Names 


Town's Names. 


Rank. 


Time of Service. 




Timothy "Walker 


Rehoboth. 


Col° 


6 days- 


£2:11:5J 


Nath 1 Leonard 


Taunton. 


Majo r 


6 do 


1:14:3 


Mason Shaw 


Raynham. 


Adj 1 


6 do 


15:5J 




£5:01:14 



Errors Excepted Tim° Walker." 
"Middlesex fs Decem r 20, 1775. 

The above named Timothy Walker made folemn Oath to the truth of 
the above note. Before me Mofes Gill Jus Peace thro' the province. 
Examined and compared with the original 

S. Holton 
E. Rawfon 
James Moody 

The above list of field officers would indicate that some of the companies 
from Bristol County marched in a regimental organization under their leader- 
ship but the original company rolls fail to state that they were a part of 
Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment. The officers in the companies which 



26 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

made up the Provincial Regiment under Colonel Walker from April 21 to 
July, as the following pages will show, were either in other regiments or in 
pendent companies in any service credited to them in response to the Lex- 
ington alarm of April 19th. 

The following document explains itself: 

"A Muster Roll of the Field and Staff officers of Col. Tim" Wail 
Regiment. 

Timothy Walker, Rehoboth, Coll. Time of Inlist. April 24. 
Nath 1 Leonard, Taunton L. Coll. «« «• 

Mafon Shaw, Raynham, Adjt. " «« 

Jacob Fuller, Rehoboth, Q. M. " " 

Caleb Barnum, Taunton, Chap" May 3 

Daniel Parker, Norton, Surgeon, " M 

Cumfer Capron, Attleboro, Surgeon Mate, " " 

In Council April 27, 1776, Read allowed and ordered that a warrant be 
Drawn on the TreaP" for the sum of £2S7:10:0i in full Discharge for this 
Bill. 

John Lowell, Dep> Sec y ." 

Company officers, with the number of non-commissioned oihcers'and'rnen: 
Captain Samuel Bliss of Rehoboth. 
Lieutenant Aaron Walker " 48. 

• Ensign Joseph Allen " 



Captain Silas Cobb of Norton. 

Lieutenant Isaac Smith " 56. 

Second Lieutenant Isaac Fisher, Norton 



Captain John King of Raynham. 

Lieutenant Noah Hill " 57. 

Ensign Abraham Hathaway " 



Captain Francis Luscombe of Taunton 

Lieutenant Matthew Randall of Easton. 55. 

Ensign Seth Pratt 



Captain John Perry of Rehoboth. 

Lieutenant John Paine " " * 65. 

Ensign James Bucklin. 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S REGIMENT 27 

Captain Peter Pitts of Dighton. 

Lieutenant Zebedee Redding " 56. 

Ensign Henry Briggs 



Captain Caleb Richardson of Attleborough. 
Lieutenant Enoch Robinson, " 59. 

Ensign Solomon Standley, 



Captain Oliver Soper of Taunton. 

Lieutenant Simeon Cobb " 60. 



Ensign Thomas Williams. 



Captain Samuel Tubbs of Berkley. 

Lieutenant John Shaw of Raynham. 54. 

Ensign Joel Tubbs of Berkley. 



Captain Macey Williams of Easton. 

Lieutenant Samuel Lane of Norton. 57. 

Ensign John Cook " 



"Cam b 23 May 1775. 
In Committee of Safety 

Coll ^Timothy Walker having fatiffied this Committee that his Regiment 
is'very near full ; we Recommend to the Congrefs that said Regiment be 
Commifsioned accordingly. 

Benja 11 White Chairman." 

A 'return made on the last named date gave the number of privates as 
562. The officers of the regiment were ordered commissioned May 24, 1775, 
by the Provincial Congress. The regiment was known as the 3' 1 in the Pro- 
vincial Army, May-June 1775. 

June 16, 1775 the regiment was included in a list of organizations stationed 
"at the Camp at Roxbury and at the several Parts to the Southward.'" The 
following list shows the towns represented in the various companies: 

Captains. 

Peter Pitts, Dighton, Taunton, Freetown, Swanzy. 

Samuel Tubbs, Berkley, Freetown, Raynham, Rehoboth, Taunton, Dighton, 
Middleborough. 



28 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Caleb Richardson, Attleborough. 

Oliver Soper, Taunton, Raynham. 

John Perry, Rehoboth, Easton, Taunton. Norton, Raynham, Attleborough, 

Dorchester. 
Macey Williams, Easton, Mansfield, Taunton, Norton, Stoughtonham. 
Samuel Bliss, Rehoboth, Attleborough. 
Silas Cobb, Norton, Mansfield, Taunton. &c. 
John King, Raynham, Taunton. 
Francis Luscomb, Easton, Taunton. 

After General Washington took command of the army in July, this regi- 
ment was assigned to Brigadier General Spencer's Brigade, Major General 
Ward's Division, and continued to serve as before in the fortifications at 
Roxbury. The records show that it continued in, this locality through the 
year. It was known as the 22nd Regiment Army of the United Colonies, 
during this period. 

The strength of the regiment each month was as follows : 



Date. 


Com 


. Off. 


Staff. 


Non-Corns.* 


Rank and File. 


July 




26 


4 


41 


491 


Aug. 18, 




20 


4 


42 • 


442 


Sept. 23, 




24 


4 


43 


432 


Oct. 17, 




24 


5 


43 


418 


Nov. 18, 




19 


5 


43 


406 


Dec. 30, 




26 


5 


49 


406 



The officers of this regiment rose to the following grades during the war; 
two colonels, two lieut. colonels, two majors, fifteen captains and six first 
lieutenants. 

COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER was the son of Timothy and Grace 
(Child) Walker and was born in Rehoboth, July 2S, 17 IS. He served as a Cor- 
poral in Captain Jonathan Peck's Company from September 29 to October 
5, 1746. September S, 175.3, he was a Captain in Colonel Thomas Bowen's 
Regiment in the expedition against Crown Point. His name appears in the 
Game rank in a muster roll dated Februay 26, 1756. In 1772 he was Major 
of Colonel William Bullock's 1st Bristol County Regiment. He served as 



♦Sergeants, hfers and drummers. 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S REGIMENT 

Representative from Rehoboth in 1757-8-9. October 1, 1771, he was a 

member of the First Provincial Congress from Rehoboth. He was the n 
resentative of Bristol County in the committee of thirteen (one from each 
county having representatives and two from Suffolk) appointed "to i 
what is necessary to be now done for the defence and safety of the province." 
Major Timothy Walker was chosen one of two representatives from Rehol 
to the Second Provincial Congress, February 1. 1775. Colonel Timothy 
Walker was chosen April S, 1775, one of the two delegates from the Provin- 
cial Congress "to repair to Rhode Island," to present a resolution "informing 
them that we are contemplating upon, and are determined to take effectual 

measures for the purpose" of "raising and establishing an army." 

He responded to the Lexington alarm, April 19, 177.3, and his name 
appears with that of his major and adjutant in the list of regimental officers. 
April 24, 1775, he engaged to serve as commander of a regiment in the Pro- 
vincial Army which was numbered the 3d. When the reorganization oc- 
curred in July, his regiment became the 22nd in the Army of the United 
Colonies. He served in and about Roxbury through the year. May 8th he 
was chosen on a committee "to confer with the committee of safety, 
with respect to settling the appointment of field officers and to sit forth- 
with." From the Journal of the Provincial Congress under date of July 8, 
1775, we read that he was directed "to pay what public monies he has in his 
hands, into the treasury immediately, and the committee of supplies are di- 
rected to employ some person to be sent express to Col. Walker for that pur- 
pose." April 29, 1779, he was chosen by ballot in the House of Representa- 
tives to serve as a member of a committee on fortifications. He was on duty 
at Tiverton, Rhode Island, from May 9, to July 5, 1779. He was a member 
of the Congregational. Church at Seekonk and was greatly esteemed for his 
uprightness, benevolence, hospitality and public spirit. It was his custom 
to go on horseback every year and invite personally all of his children and 
grandchildren to the Thanksgiving festival in the old mansion. m He died 
December 26, 1796. 

LIEUT. COLOXEL NATHANIEL LEONARD of Taunton was a resi- 
dent of Kingston in 1756 and an Ensign in Lieutenant Nathaniel Cooke's Com- 
pany from November 11 to December 5. of that year. In the following year his 
name appears as Quartermaster in a list of troopers under Captain J-.shua 
Learoyd in Colonel Ephraim Leonard's 3d Bristol County Regiment. He 
served as Cornet in Captain George Godfrey's Troop of Horse in the same 
regiment under Colonel Samuel White in 1762, and as Captain of a Troop 



30 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

-of Horse in the same regiment under Colonel George Leonard in 1771. He 
responded to the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775, as Major of Colonel Timo- 
thy Walker's Regiment, and April 21th. became Lieut. Colonel of Colonel 
Walker's Regiment in the Provincial Army. He continued this service in 
the Army of the United Colonies through the year. 

MAJOR ABIEL MITCHELL of Easton was a resident of Hanover in 
1755, and served as Corporal in the company under the joint command of 
Captain Thomas Mitchell and Captain James House from June 19 to Decem- 
ber 17. In July 1771, he was Lieutenant in Captain Eliphalet Leonard Jr's 
2nd Easton Company, Colonel George Leonard's 3d Bristol County Regiment. 
He was engaged as Major of Colonel Timothy Walker's Provincial Regiment, 
April 24, 1775, and served through the year under the same commander. 
February 7, 1776, he was commissioned First Major in Colonel George Wil- 
liams's 3d Bristol County Regiment. His name appears as Major of Colo- 
nel John Daggett's Regiment, December 20, 1776. In April, 1777. he was 
Major of Colonel Josiah Whitney's Regiment for Rhode Island service. He 
was Colonel of the Third Bristol County Regiment in 1779 and in the follow- 
ing year served in Rhode Island from July to October, as Colonel of a regi- 
ment detached from the Bristol County Militia. 

ADJUTANT MASON SHAW of Raynham was a member of Captain 
Philip King's Company of that town according to an alarm list dated April 
7, 1757. He was a Corporal in Captain Thomas Cobb's Company from April 
25 to December 14 (probably 1759) serving at Crown Point. He was Adju- 
tant of Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 
19, 1775, and continued under the same commander through the year. His 
name appears as Adjutant of Colonel George Williams's 3d Bristol County 
Regiment, December, 1776. He also held the same rank in that regiment 
under Lieut. Colonel James Williams in August, 17S0, in the Rhode Island 
■service. 

QUARTERMASTER JACOB FULLER of Rehoboth served as a private 
in Captain Obadiah Read's Company in April, 1757. April 24, 1775, he was 
•engaged as Quartermaster of Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment in the 
Provincial Army and he continued to serve under that commander through 
the year. January 23, 1776, he was chosen Quartermaster of Colonel Jacob 
French's Regiment and served until April 1st. He was Second Lieutenant 
of Captain Carpenter's Company in Colonel Simeon Cary's Regiment for five 
months to December, 1776, and Quartermaster of the Regiment for at least a 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S REGIMENT 31 

considerable portion of that time. From April 20, to May 13, 1777, he was 
a Lieutenant in Captain Peleg Shearman's Company, Colonel John Hatha- 
way 's Bristol County Regiment, and from the latter date to July 5, 1777. 
Lieutenant in Captain Nathaniel Carpenter's Company in Colonel Josiah 
Whitney's Regiment. April 20. 1778, he was engaged as Captain in Colonel 
John Jacob's Light Infantry Regiment, and served until the expiration of his 
term of service, January 1, 1779. 

CHAPLAIN CALEB BARNUM was born in Danbury. Connecticut, and 
is believed to have been the son of Thomas and Deborah Barnum. lie was 
installed over the church in Taunton, February 2, 1709. He is said to have 
been a graduate of Princeton. The degree of Master of Arts was conferred 
upon him by Harvard and Princeton in 1768. May 3, 1775, he was en- 
gaged as Chaplain in Colonel Timothy Walker's Provincial Regiment and 
served over three months at least and probably through the year. January 1, 
1776, he became Chaplain of Colonel Loammi Baldwin's 2Gth Continental 
Regiment, and February 22, 1776, was assigned to serve as Chaplain in 
Colonel John Greaton's 24th Continental Regiment also, as the army pos- 
sessed an insufficient number of chaplains to allow one to each regiment. He 
went with his regiment to New York and from there to Canada. When the 
army returned to Ticonderoga he was taken sick and after much suffering 
was permitted to start for home. He died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
August 26, 1776. Emery in his "Ministry of Taunton," states that; "His 
appearance was commanding, his deportment dignified, and his manners 
pleasing 'and affable, uniting the paternal mildness of the clergyman with the 
grace and polish of the gentleman.". 

SURGEON DANIEL PARKER of Norton, the son of Rev. Jonathan 
Parker of Plympton, was born about 1750. He was in Norton as early as 
1773, and during most of the time of his residence in that town lived on 
the farm later owned by Benjamin Blandin. He was engaged May 3, 1775, 
as Surgeon of Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, serving through the year. 
June 18, 1776, he was engaged as Surgeon of the State brigantine "Freedom," 
commanded by Captain John Clouston. A full account of his service on that 
vessel has been given in the Massachusetts Magazine, volume II, pp. 901-4. 
It is stated that after the war he was commissioned Surgeon of a militia 
regiment. He died September 26, 1S26, aged seventy-six. 

SURGEON'S MATE COMFORT CAPRON of Attleborough, the son of 
Jonathan and Rebecca (Morse) Capron, was born March IS, 1743. He was a 



32 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

private in Captain Lemuel Bent's Company from June 13, to Di r 28, 

(probably 1761). May 3, 1775, he enlisted as Surgeon's Mate in Colonel Tii 

thy Walker's Provincial Regiment and served into August and probably 
longer. January 13, 177S, he was engaged as Surgeon in Colonel Jc 
gett's Regiment, and served until his discharge on April 1, of that year. 
was "Doctor's Mate" in Colonel Abiel Mitchell's 3d Bristol County Regie 
July 13, to October 31, 17S0. 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL BLISS of Rehoboth was a Corporal in Captain 
Obadiah Read's Company, entering service August 1G, 17.57. He comman 
a company which marched from Rehoboth on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 
1775. May 24, he was commissioned a Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's 
Provincial Regiment and served under that commander through the year. 

CAPTAIN SILAS COBB of Norton was Captain of a Company from 
that town, in Colonel John Daggett's Regiment, which marched on the Lex- 
ington alarm, April 19, 1775. Four days later he was engaged as a Captain in 
Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment and served under him through the year. 
February 27, 1776, he was a Captain in Colonel Jacob French's Regiment 
stationed at Winter Hill. He was a Captain in Colonel Danforth Keyes's 
Regiment, June 27 1777, and September IS. 17S0, was chosen Second Major 
of Colonel Isaac Dean's 4th Bristol County Regiment. November 27, 1780 he 
was chosen Muster Master for Bristol County. 

CAPTAIN JOHN KING of Raynham saw service first as a private in 
Colonel Gilbert's 2nd Bristol County Regiment in September, 1756. In 
April of the following year he was in Captain Philip King's Company. From 
March 30 to November 21, 1758, he was a Sergeant in Captain Jonathan 
Eddy's Company, Colonel Thomas Doty's Regiment. In 1759 his residence 
was given as Norton and from May 12, to December 15, of that year he was 
Ensign in Captain Nathan Hodges Company on the Crown Point expedition. 
April 24, 1775, he was engaged as Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's 
Regiment and served through the year. 

CAPTAIN FRANCIS LUSCOMB (town not given) held that rank in 
Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, his name appearing on a return of 
rations between June 11, and August 2, 1775. 

CAPTAIN JOHN PERRYof Rehoboth may have been the "John Perry" 
of Pembroke in Captain Samuel Thaxter's Company from March 10 to 
November 17, 1757. He commanded an independant company of Minute 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S REGIMENT 33 

Men which marched from Rehoboth on the Lexington alarm of April 19, 
1775. Nine days later lie was engaged as Captain in Colonel Timothy 
Walker's Regiment and served in that command through the year. He may 
have been the Captain John Perry who was in Colonel Abiel Mitchell's Regi- 
ment from July 13 to October 30, 17S0. 

CAPTAIN PETER PITTS of Dighton, was a Sergeant in Captain 
Joseph Hall's Taunton Company, April 6, 1757. He was a Lieutenant in 
Captain John Richmond's 2nd Dighton Company, Colonel Thomas Gilbert's 
2nd Bristol County Regiment, in July, 1771. April 24, 1775, he was engaged 
as a Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment and served through the 
year. 

CAPTAIN CALEB RICHARDSON of Attleborough was the son of 
Stephen and Hannah (Coy) Richardson. He was born in Attleborough July 
7, 1739, (new style). He was a member of Captain Joseph Capron's Company 
of Attleborough Militia, April S, 1757. He was engaged April 24, 1775, as a 
Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment and served through the year. 
In July 1778, he was a Captain in Colonel John Daggett's 4th Bristol County 
Regiment and led a detachment from that command to join the Continental 
Army at New York. June 27, 1777, he was engaged as Captain in Colonel 
Danforth Keyes's Regiment and in the following year held the same rank in 
Colonel John Jacob's Light Infantry Regiment, for three months and fifteen 
days. March 25, 1779, he entered service in the same rank in Colonel John 
Hathaway's 2nd Bristol County Regiment and was with that command 
twenty-one days in Rhode Island. From July 13 to October 31, 17S0, he 
was a Captain in Colonel Abiel Mitchell's 3d Bristol County Regiment. He 
represented Attleborough in the Legislature in 17S9 and served on the Attle- 
borough board of selectmen in the following year. 

CAPTAIN OLIVER SOPER of Taunton served as a private in Captain 
Dean's Company, Colonel Ephraim Leonard's Regiment, which marched for 
the relief of Fort William Henry, August, 1757. He was also a member of 
Captain Philip Walker's Company, Colonel "Dote's" Regiment in 175S. April 
24, 1775, he was engaged as a Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's Regi- 
ment and served through the year. January 1, 1776, he became a Captain 
in Colonel Joseph Read's 13th, Continental Regiment and remained in that 
command through the year. 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL TUBBS JUN. of Berkley, at the age of twenty 
years, enlisted April 3, 1759, in Colonel Ezra Richmond's Regiment. He was 



34 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

engaged April 24, 1775, as a Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment 
and served through the year. In February 1770, he was a Captain in Colonel 
Jacob French's Regiment at Winter Hill. He served as Major of Colonel 

Gamaliel Bradford's 1st Plymouth County Regiment, in November 1 , 
and from January 1, 1777 to October 15, [177s] held the same rank ui 
the same commander in the 14th Regiment Massachusetts Line. He 
furloughed on the latter date and did not return to the army. 

CAPTAIN MACEY WILLIAMS of Easton may have been the man of 
that name, at that time a resident of Bridgewater, who served as clerk in 
Captain Joseph Washburn's Company, from September 15 to December 22, 
(probably 1755), on an expedition to Crown Point. He undoubtedly was 
Jhe Ensign Macey Williams who served in Captain ' Zephaniah Keith's 1st 
Easton Company, Colonel George Leonard's 3d Bristol County Regiment, in 
July 1771, and was promoted in that month to First Lieutenant. He was 
Captain of an independent company of Minute Men from Easton, which re- 
sponded to the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775, and ten days later was 
engaged as Captain in Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment. He served 
through the year in that command. His name appears later as Captain and 
"Chairman of a class, of the town of Easton to serve in the Continental Army 
for the term of 3 years." 

FIRST LIEUTENANT SIMEON COBB of Taunton was a private in 
Captain Thomas Cobb's Company , on a Crown Point expedition from 
April 25 to November 2, 1759 (probably). At that time he resided in 
Norton. April 24, 1775, he was engaged as a Lieutenant in Colonel Timo- 
thy Walker's Regiment and served through the year. According to a 
payroll dated December 20, 1775, he commanded a detachment from Taunton 
for four days. April 5, 1776, he was commissioned First Lieutenant of 
Captain Ichabod Leonard's 6th (Taunton) Company Colonel George Wil- 
liam's 3d Bristol County Regiment. He was engaged August 14, 1779, 
as First Lieutenant in the 3d Regiment in Brigadier General Godfrey's 
Brigade, said regiment being under the command of Captain Cumman- 
•dant Samuel Fisher. The service consisted of one month and two days 
at Rhode Island. In the original files in the State Archives in connection 
with this service he is given the rank of Captain. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT NOAH HALL of Raynham was the son of John 
and Mary Hall. He was a. farmer and engaged in busines in Taunton. He 
was engaged April 24, 1775, as a Lieutenant in Captain John King's Com- 



69S987 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S REGIMENT 35 

pany, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment and served through the year. 
His name appears as a Captain in Colonel Jacob French's Regiment at Winter 
Hill, February 7 27, 1776. Later in that year he held the same rank in Colo- 
nel Aaron Willard's Regiment at Ticonderoga. He again served as Captain 
in August 17S0, in Colonel Abiel Mitchell's 3d Bristol County Regiment 
(commanded by Lieut. Colonel James Williams) at Rhode Island. He com- 
mander a company from Raynham at the time of Shay's rebellion. He 
removed to Goldsboro, Maine, where he died May 6, 1S35, aged 94 years. 

LIEUTENANT SAMUEL LANE of Norton was the son of Ephraim 
.and Ruth (Shepperson) Lane. He was a private in the 1st Company of 
Norton, commanded by Major George Leonard Jr., April 9, 1757. He was a 
hotel keeper in Norton from 1762 to 1777. He responded to the Lexington 
alarm of April 19, 1775, as Second Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Morey's 
Company Colonel John Daggett's Regiment. April 29, he was engaged as 
Lieutenant in Captain Macey Williams's Company, Colonel Timothy Wal- 
ker's Regiment, and served through the year. It is stated in the "Lane 
Family" that he also served as Lieutenant in Captain George Makepeace's 
Company, June 24, 1776, around Boston and in Rhode Island. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN PAINE of Rehoboth may have been the man 
of that name who was in Captain Cary's Company, Colonel Doty's Regi- 
ment, in December, 1758, "on return from Westward." He was a Lieuten- 
ant in Captain John Perry's Rehoboth Company of Minute Men, which re- 
sponded to the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775. April 2S he engaged to 
serve in the same rank under the same company commander in Colonel 
Timothy Walker's Regiment and remained in that company through the 
year. He was a Captain in Colonel Jacob French's Regiment, February 27, 
1776, and June 26 of that year was commissioned Major of Colonel Simeon. 
Cary's R.egiment. He served in the regiment in General John Fellow's Bri- 
gade in the campaign around New York. May 8, 1777, he was commis- 
sioned Lieut. Colonel of Colonel Danforth Keyes's Regiment. 

LIEUTENANT ZEBEDEE REDDING of Dighton was engaged April 
24, 1775, as Lieutenant in Captain Peter Pitts's Company, Colonel Timo- 
thy Walker's Regiment, and served through the year. He served as a 
Captain in Colonel Josiah Whitney's Regiment at Hull from the spring of 
1776 at least through November. January 1, 1777, he became a Captain 
in Colonel Gamaliel Bradford's 14th Regiment, Massachusetts Line, and 
served until October 4, 1780, when he was reported as resigned. 



36 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUTENANT MATTHEW RANDELL (RANDEL etc.) of Boston was 

engaged as Lieutenant in Captain Francis Luscomb's Company, Col 
Timothy Walker's Regiment, April 24, 1775, and served through the 
year. February 27. 1776, he was a Captain in Colonel Jacob French's 
Regiment. May 13, of that year he was engaged to serve in the same 
rank in Colonel Thomas Marshall's Regiment. He was also a Captain in 
Colonel George William's 3d Bristol County Regiment from D r 7, 

1776 to January 1, 1777. January 1, L77S, he was engaged to serve as 
Captain in Colonel John Daggett's Regiment until April 1, 177s. He 
was appointed a Captain in Colonel Abiel Mitchell's 3d Bristol County 
Regiment, July 13, 1780, and discharged October 31st following. 

LIEUTENANT ENOCH ROBINSON of Attleborough was a private in 
Captain Joseph Capron's Attleborough Company, April 8, 1757. He was 
Second Lieutenant of Captain Jabez Ellis's Attleborough Company of Minute 
Men and marched in respose to the Lexington alarm of April 19, 177."). April 

24, 1775, he was engaged as a Lieutenant in Captain Caleb Richar 
Company, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, and served through the year. 
He was commissioned March 21, 1776, First Lieutenant in Captain Elisha 
May's Company, Colonel John Daggett's 4th Bristol County Regiment. In 
January 1777, he held the same rank in Captain Abiel Clapp's Company, in 
the same regiment. From April 21 to May 15, 1777. he was a Lieutenant in 
Captain Stephen Richardson's Company. In July- August of that year he 
was a Lieutenant in Captain Abiel Clapp's Company, Colonel Thomas Car- 
penter's 1st Bristol County Regiment. July 29, 1778, he was engaged for 
six weeks service as a Lieutenant in Captain Samuel Robinson's Company, 
Colonel Josiah Whitney's Regiment. He was commissioned July 31, 1779, 
Captain of the 6th Company in Colonel Isaac Dean's 4th Bristol County 
Regiment. From August 12, to September 11, 1779. he was Captain in a 
regiment under Captain Samuel Fisher, Commandant, engaged in the Rhode 
Island service. He served again in Colonel Isaac Dean's Regiment from 
July 31 to August 8, 17S0, at Rhode Island. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN SHAW of Raynham was a centinel in Captain 
Thomas Cobb's Company, from June 17 to September 11, 1754. He also 
served in a campaign at Lake George, from April 10. K758 until November 

25, 1758. He was engaged April 24, 1775 as a Lieutenant in Captain Samuel 
Tubbs Jun's Company, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, and served 
through the year. His commission as First Lieutenant in Captain Jona- 
than Shaw's Company, Colonel George William's 3d Bnstol County Regi- 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKIR'S REGIMENT 37 

ment, was ordered April 13, 1776. He was with that command during the 
year, going on an alar.n to Rhode Island as late as December. In. 
1777, he was a Lieutenant in Captain Wilbore's Company, Colonel Juhn 
Hatha way's Bristol County Regiment. He served as a Lieutenant in 
mand of a detachment at Slade's Ferry. Rhode Island, and in October, 1777, 
we find record of service as Captain in command of a detachment of ( - 
onel George William's Regiment. In August 1778, he commanded a 
pany in Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment of Guards at Cambridge and con- 
tinued that service until December 14 of that year. In 17S0 and L781, he 
commanded a company in Colonel Abiel Mitchell's Regiment, under the 
command of Lieut. Colonel James Williams. j 

LIEUTENANT ISAAC SMITH of Norton may have been the same man, 
who as a resident of Taunton, served in Captain William Arbuthnott's 
Company from March 21 to November 17, 1757. He was engaged April 23, 
1775, as a Lieutenant in Captain Silas Cobb's Company, Colonel Timothy 
Walker's Regiment, and served through the year. i 

V LIEUTENANT AARON WALKER was the son of Peter and Mary 
(Child) Walker and a nephew of Colonel Timothy Walker, the commander of 
this regiment. He was born Rehoboth, October 19. 1728. He was a private 
in Captain Obadiah Read's Company, which marched from Rehoboth August 
17, 1757, to the relief of Fort William Henry. In 1772 he served as 
First Lieutenant of Captain Joshua Smith's Troop of Horse, Colonel Wil- 
liam Bullock's 1st Bristol County Regiment. He was Lieutenant of Captain 
Samuel Bliss's Company which marched in response to the Lexington alarm 
call of April 19, 1775. On the 28th of the month he engaged for further ser- 
vice under the same officers and continued actively engaged until his death 
from camp fever at Roxbury, October 19, 1775. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ISAAC FISHER of Norton, son of Eleazer 
Fisher, was born about 17±2. He was a private in Captain Jonathan E 
Company and saw service in Nova Scotia from March 28. 1759 to Sep- 
tember 30, 1760. He was a private in Captain Lemuel Bent's Company 
June 13 to December 28, 1761. He was a Sergeant in Captain Benjamin 
Morey's Company, Colonel John Daggett's Regiment, which marched on the 
Lexington alarm April 19, 1775. Four days later he was engaged as Sec >nd 
Lieutenant in Captain Silas Cobb's Company, Colonel Timothy Walker's 
Regiment, and served through the year. He was -'First Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Zebedee Redding's Company, Colonel Josiah Whitney's Regimi 
Hull, from April 11 to December 1, 1776. 



38 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

ENSIGN JOSEPH ALLEN of Rehoboth held that rank in Captain 
Samuel Bliss's Company, which marched from Rehoboth on the Lexington 
alarm, April 19, 1775. He engaged to serve under the same commander in 
Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, April 28, and served through the year. 

ENSIGN HENRY BRIGGS of Dighton "enlisted" in that rank in Cap- 
tain Peter Pitts Company, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, April 24, 
1775, and served through the year. March 26, 1776, he was commissioned 
First Lieutenant in Captain Samuel Tubb's Company, Colonel Jacob 
French's Regiment, and served at Winter Hill. 

ENSIGN JAMES BUCKLIN of Rehoboth held that rank in Captain 
John Perry's Company of Minute Men which marched from Rehoboth, on 
the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775. He enlisted under the same offi- 
cers April 28, 1775, and served as Ensign through the year. 

ENSIGN JOHN COOK of Norton, was a private in Captain Nathan 
Hodges's Company, from April 27 to December 14, 1759. May 24, 1775, 
his commission was ordered as Ensign in Captain Macey Williams's Com- 
pany, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment, and he served through the 
year. 

ENSIGN ABRAHAM HATHAWAY of Raynham was a private in 
Captain Job Williams's Company, from November IS (probably 1761) to 
June 30 (probably 1762), residing at that time in Berkley. He was en- 
gaged as Ensign in Captain John King's Company, Colonel Timothy 
Walker's Regiment, April 24, 1775, and served through the year. 

ENSIGN SETH PRATT of Easton, the son of James and Martha 
(Willis) Pratt, was born in Easton. November 21, 1738. April 7, 1757, 
he was a private in Captain Eliphalet Leonard's Company. He was en- 
gaged as Ensign in Captain Francis Luscomb's Company, Colonel Timo- 
thy Walker's Regiment, April 24, 1775, and served through the year. 
In April 1776, he was commissioned First Lieutenant in Captain Matthew 
Randell's Company, Colonel George Williams's 3d Bristol County Regiment. 
In the following December and January he served under the same officers at 
Rhode Island. A roll dated November 5, 1777, shows that he was at that 
time a Lieutenant in Captain Ebenezer Dean's Company, Colonel Thomas 
Carpenter's 1st Bristol County Regiment, in service at Rhode Island. In 
July, 1778, he held the same rank in Captain Ichabod Leonard's Company, 
also in Colonel Thomas Carpenter's Regiment. He was a Captain in Lieut. 



COLONEL TIMOTHY WALKER'S REGIMENT 39 

Colonel James Williams's Regiment from August 2 to 10, 17S0, at Rhode 
Island. 

ENSIGN SOLOMON STANDLEY (or STANLEY) of Attleborough 
was a private in Captain Jabez Ellis's Attleborough Company of Minute 
Men and Militia, which marched on the Lexington alarm of April 10, 1775. 
Six days later he was engaged as Ensign in Captain Caleb Richardson's 
Company, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment. He served through the year. 

ENSIGN JOEL TUBBS of Berkley held that rank in Captain Samuel 
Tubbs Jr's Company, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment. He was en- 
gaged for that service April 24, 1775, and served through the year. 

ENSIGN THOMAS WILLIAMS of Taunton, son of Isaac Williams, was 
born about 1741. He was a private in Captain Thomas Cobb's Company, 
from April 24 to December 14, (1759, probably). In the following year he 
was in Captain Daniel Reed's Company, (commanded by Captain Jonathan 
Shores). From May IS to November 17, 1761, he was a Corporal in Cap- 
tain Job Williams's Company, and a Sergeant from November 18, 17G1 to 
June 30, 1762. His name appears in a list of officers dated May 23, 1775, as 
Ensign in Captain Oliver Soper's Company Colonel Timothy Walker's Regi- 
ment. He served through the year. January 1, 1776, he became First 
Lieutenant in Captain Oliver Soper's Company, Colonel Joseph Read's 13th 
Continental Regiment, and served until June 2, 1776, when he was cashiered 
for several offences.* He was Second Lieutenant in Captain Josiah Crocker's 
Company, Colonel Thomas Carpenter's 1st Bristol County Regiment, at 
Rhode Island in July-September, 1778. He died May 13, 1828. 

♦Falsely accusing his company commander of "defrauding the public knowingly" 
was the principal cause" ol his being cashiered. 



•Vml' 



jpcjpartmmf of flilAiutriraiUl^olution 



1-75-1752 

Frank A.Gar.dner.M. O-Editoi 



State Schooner Diligent. 
The little town of Machias, in what is 
now eastern Maine, was a lively place in 
the early summer of 1775. The patriots 
of the town were constantly increasing in 
numbers by the return of Massachusetts 
men, who had been living across the border 
in Nova Scotia and were anxious to get 
to this side as the war developed. As a 
sort of official recognition of this activity, 
the British sent an armed schooner called 
the "Margaretta," numbering four 4 poun- 
ders and sixteen swivel guns, commanded 
by a brave young Irish officer named 
Moore. This vessel was met in Machias 
Bay, June 12, 1775, by a craft manned by 
the local patriots, including the six O'Brien 
"brothers. A hot fight ensued in which 
the ''Margaretta" was captured with a 
loss of the British side of ten killed (in- 
cluding Captain Moore) and ten wounded. 
This vessel was repaired and became the 
*' Machias Liberty." The authorities at 
Halifax, in an attempt to avenge the deed, 
sent two vessels, the schooner "Diligent" 
(or Diligence) of eight or ten guns and fifty 
men and the "Tapnaquish," sixteen swivels 
and twenty men. These vessels also met 
with a vigorous reception in the bay, which 
resulted in their being promptly annexed 
to the patriot navy, Captain Jeremiah 
O'Brien in the "Machias Liberty" taking 
the "Diligent," the other being captured 
by a crew under Colonel Benjamin Foster. 
This second fight took place about the 
middle of July and the vessels were soon 
utilized by the Massachusetts authorities, 
as the following will show: 

"Resolved That there be paid out of the 
publick Treasury of this Colony, to Captain 



Jeremiah Obrian, appointed Commander 
of the Armed Schooner Diligent, and of the 

Sloop Machias Liberty, now lying in the 
Harbour of Machias, fixed for the purpose 
of guarding the Sea-Coast, the sum of one 
hundred and fifty Pounds, lawful i. 
of this Colony, for supplying the men with 
Provisions and Ammunition. Also that 
there be delivered to the said Obrian out 
of the Colony Store, one hundred Cannon 
Balis, of three pounds weight each and two 
hundred Swivel Balls; for all which, and the 
captures he shall make, he is to account 
with this Court." Dated August 23, L775. 
In the House of Representatives, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1776, the following report was 
made: "Whereas, it is of importance that 
the enemies of the United Colonies should, 
as far as possible, be deprived of necessary 
supplies, whereby they may be rendered 
the less capable of distressing this and 
other Colonies aforesaid; and to effect this 
purpose, it is expedient and nece-sary 
Armed Vessels should be fitted out and 
employed, to prevent supplies getting into 
the hands of our said enemies: Therefore, 
Resolved, That the Committee of Corre- 
spondence, Inspection and Safety, of New- 
buryport, with Captain Jeremiah Obricn, 
be a Committee to prepare, and in all re- 
spects equip and man, with fifty men each, 
including officers, t he Sloop Machias-Lib- 
erty, and Schooner Diligoit, now lying at 
Newbury port, and that the said Committee 
recommend such proper persons to the 
honourable Council as may be necessary 
for officers of said Vessels. ... It is fur- 
ther Resolved, That they shall be entitled 
to one-third the proceeds of all captures 
that shall be by them made and finallv 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



11 



condemned agreeable to a law of this Col- 
ony." 

Captain Jeremiah Obrian, commander- 
in-chief of the sloop "Machias Liberty" 
and the schooner "Diligent" then lying 
at Newburyport completely equipped for 
sea with fifty men on board, petitioned 
the General Court for instructions whether 
they were to be discharged or further em- 
ployed in the Colony service. It was voted 
in the House of Representatives that they 
be manned and equipped and employed 
to prevent supplies from getting into the 
hands of the enemy. The officers were to 
receive wages as follows: 

Captain £4:00:00 

First Lieutenant £3:00:00 

Second Lieutenant £2:10:00 

Surgeon £2:10:00 

Master £2:00:00 

They were also to receive one-third of 
the proceeds of all captures. Dated Feb- 
ruary 8, 1776. 

Captain Jeremiah Obrian's accounts were 
considered in committee February 12, 
1776, and the following resolution was 
passed in the House of Representatives: 

"Resolved That there be paid out of 
the publick Treasury of this Colony, to 
Captain Jeremiah Obrien, his Officers and 
Seamen, under his command since the 
21st day of August, 1775, on board the 
Sloop Machias Liberty, and the Schooner 
Diligent, the e sum of eight hundred and 
four Pounds four Shillings and two Pence, 
in full discharge for their services on board 
said Vessels, until the first day of Febru- 
ary, 1776." 

11 John Taylor, Esq. brought down a 
Letter from James Lyon, Chairman of the 
Committee of Machias, praying directions 
with respect to some goods taken in the 
Schooner, Diligent with the following Vote 
of Council Thereon, viz.: 

In Council, February 15, 1776: Read, 
and committed to Benjamin Lincoln, Esq., 



with such as the honourable House shall 
join. Read, and concurred, and 
Love 11 and Colonel Bliss arc joined." Ma - 
sachusetts House of Repre entatives, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1776. 

The following list of executive officers 
of the schooner "Diligent," is found in a 
"List of officers of Armed Vessels" in the 
State Archives under date of March 10, 
1776: 

"John Lambert, Captain. 

John Obrien, 1st Lieutenant. 

Jon a Knight, 2nd Lieutenant." 
In another place in the Archives we find 
a full list of the officers who entered service 
with this vessel in March, 1776. 

"John Lambert, Com r 

John Obrian, 1st Lt. 

Walter Perkins 2nd Lt. 

Will: Stimpson Surg°" 

Will: Alby Surg"" Mate 

Joshua Wing Mafter." 
1 he full quota included 1 1 other officers, 
45 men and 1 boy. 

CAPTAIX JOHX LAMBERT was com- 
missioned to command the "Diligent" 
March 15, 1776, and entered upon his 
duties on the following day. 

FIRST LIEUTEXAXT JOHX OBRIAX 
was the son of Morris and Mary (Keen) 
O'Brien. He was born in Scarboro', 
(Maine) in 1750. He was a brother of 
Captain Jeremiah Obrian, and the other 
famous brothers of Machias (Maine) who 
became such noted patriots in this war. 

SECOND- LIEUTEXAXT WALTER 
PERKIXS of Danvers was the true name 
of "Jonathan Knight," as an affidavit 
produced later in this article will prove. 
He was born about 1745, was rive feet, 
four inches tall, and dark complexioned. 
He was commissioned March 15, 1776, 
under his assumed name, to hold this rank 
on the "Diligent." 



42 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



SURGEON WILLIAM STIMPSON 
was engaged to servo in that rank on the 
"Diligent" March 16, 177(3. 

SURGEON'S MATE WILLIAM ALBY 
enlisted for this service March 22, 1776. 

MASTER JOSHUA WING entered 
upon his term of service on the "Diligent" 
March 16, 1776. 

"Resolved, That the Commissary-Gen- 
eral for this Colony be directed to procure 
and deliver to Captain Jeremiah Obrien, 
two hundred weight of Gunpowder, for 
the use of the Sloop Machias Liberty and 
the Schooner Diligent, he being accountable 
to this Colony for the same." Massachu- 
setts Council, March 16, 1776. 

"Gentlemen of the House of Representa- 
tives: 

The secretary will herewith lay before 
you two letters from the Committee of 
Newbury port, one dated the 24th of Feb- 
ruary last, and the other the 13th instant; 
wherein you will observe that the order 
of the Court of the Sth February last, rela- 
tive to fixing for the sea, and manning with 
fifty men each, the Sloop Machias Liberty, 
and the Schooner Diligent hath not been 
fully executed; that it is not in the power 
of said Committee to do it ; and that if said 
vessels are manned it must be from the 
eastern part of this Colony. Considering 
the danger that would attend the suffering 
said vessels to leave the harbor in which 
they now are,, with so few men as are in- 
listed to serve on board (which are a num- 
ber little more than sufficient to sail them;) 
the great delay it would cause to attempt 
the recruiting and marching men the dis- 
tance of two hundred miles at this season 
of the year; that the present appearances 
of our "affairs are materially different from 
what they were when said order of Court was 
made, and that there is good reason to 
believe that one if not both of the vessels, 
are unfit, in their construction, for what 
they are designed; the Council thought 



it their duty to lay this matter befon 
and recommend it to your imnv 
sideration." March 23, 1 770 

"Resolved, That there be Mr. 

Michael Hodge for the use of th- 
tee of Correspondence, &c 
port, the sum of nine hunderd and fifty 
Pounds eighteen Shillings and two Pence, 
in full discharge of their accounts exhil 
to this Court, for fitting out the I 
vessels called the Sloop Machias L. 
and schooner Diligent commanded by 
Captain Jeremiah Obrien, which was done 
by order of this Court." April 1. 1776. 

"Resolved, That the honourable ! 
be desired to defer ordering any M 
to Captains 0' Brian and Lambert, and 
their Companies, that may be due to them 
from the Colony, till determination shall 
be had on the Petition of William Hazen, 
praying that he may be enabled to • 
satisfaction for waste of Goods com:: 
on board a certain Schooner belonging to 
said Hazen and others, and for illegal cap- 
ture and detention of the same." Massa- 
chusetts Assembly, July .5, 1770. 

William Tupper was allowed by vote'of 
the Massachusetts Assembly, July 13, 
1776, the sum of £286:18:07, "for nece ssa- 
ries supplied the Schooner Diligent and. 
Sloop Machias Liberty in the Colony 
service." 

"State of Mafsachusetts Bay to R. Derby 
jun for Sundries d d Capt John Lambert 
of the Arm d Sch. Dologent in the Service 
of this State, for the use of sarU Schooner — 
Viz— 

1776 

Aug. 5 To 6 bbls Bread Conr 

4:3:17c 20/ 4:18.00 

6 empty barrils for the -* * 
Bread cl :06:00 

1 Firkin Butter w, 4.3"' 

c oi ISO J 

pd for Cart" the above Goods 
frm mv Store to the Sch. 
at Ward's Wharf 1:06 

£6:04:03"' 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



43 



The bill was paid on the last day of the 
year. 

"The subscribers beg leave to repre- 
sent to the General Court that two Armed 
Vefsels now Under the Command of Mefsrs 
Obrian & Lambert have had orders from 
time to time from the Court, and have 
Cost the Publick large Money, but have 
Effected very little. That Obrian is said 
to be now gone to Marblehead for Stores 
for a three months Cruize, and tis reported 
that he Intimates, that he shall not pay 
any regard to the Orders of Court, and 
has Offered one if not both those Vefsels 
for sale, and that a Person now appears, 
who would give the Cash for One of those 
Vefsels. From Representation, its Sug- 
gested to the Court, whether it might not 
be conducive to the Publick Good, that 
an enquiry be made into the property of 
Said Vefsels, and such meafures be taken 
in the premises as may secure that Interest 
in those Vefsels which belong to the Colony- 
The Committee thought it their duty to 
make the above Representation & Sugges- 
tion to the Hon ble Court. Benj a Lincoln 
-Council Records July 20, 1776. J. Palmer" 
&c &c 

A new use for the "Diligent" suddenly 
arose as the following order will show: 

"Ordered that John Lambert Com- 
mander of y e Schooner Diligent be di- 
rected to take on board the Stjohns & 
Micmack Tribes now here, and convey 
them to " Stjohns River, and the Penob- 
scot Tribes to Penobscot." Council Rec- 
ords, July 26, 1776. 

"Warrant on the Treafury for Ninety 
Pounds in favour of John Lambert, Com- 
mander of the Armed Schooner Call'd the 
Diligent, being for One Monthly Advance 
Wages for his Men, to enable him to pro- 
ceed with the Stjohn's & Micmack In- 
dians to their several Tribes he to be Ac- 
countable for the same. 

Signed by 15 of the Council." 
Council Records, July 31, 1776. 



SURGEON WILLIAM STIMP 

did not go on this service but Lit the v^ 
August 3, 1776. His name does not ap- 
pear elsewhere in the records of the war. 
"Ordered, that the Comifsary General 

be and he hereby is directed to deliver out 
of the Colony Stores to John Lambert, 
Commander of the Schooiu-r Diligent, or 
to his order, five Barrels Pork, One Barrel 
Rum Sc half Barrel Molafses." Council 
Records, Aug. 3, 1776. 

"August 6, 177''.. 

Captain Lambert is now ready to sail 
with a fair wind. He informs me that he 
has paid Mr Perkins and Mr Clark, two 
of his officers, one months pay; since which 
he has not seen them. He thinks it possi- 
ble that the same gentleman in his absence, 
will apply to your Honours for what wages 
may be due to them on the former voyage, 
and desired me to inform your Honours 
of their late conduct, for your government. 

I am, with due respect, gentlemen, your 

most humble servant. 

Fred Shaw Jun. 

To the Hon. Council of the State of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay." 

"Machias, August 28, 1776. 

Honourable Gentlemen; After removing 
many difficulties started by the crew of 
the Diligent and laying windbound several 
days, we sailed from Piscataqua the 14th 
instant, and arrived here the 25th, after 
being confined in Goiddsboroagh .six days 
by the Viper, man-of-war, who took sloops 
from this place within five miles ot" us, as 
we run into Goiddsborough, and lay off 
and on that harbour most of the time. 
As we had not more than half our com- 
plement of men, and them but very in- 
different, Captian Lambert thought proper 
to let the ship remove before we should 
proceed." He desired to have >hips sent 
to remove the "Viper." He wrote that: 
"Concluding it would not be prudent for 
the Diligent to proceed to Stjohn's, we 
have thought best for her to return to your 



44 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Honours. ... If the Diligent should he sold 
the Captain has expressed a desire to serve 
your Honours in any other vessel that may 
be sent this way. As I can't pretend to be 
a suitable judge of the qualifications neces- 
sary for a commander, I shan't pretend to 
say than that he has brought us thus far 
safe, and I suppose would have gone farther 
if I had thought it prudent. ... I remain, 
with much esteem, gentlemen, your most 
obedient, humble servant. 

Fras. Shaw Jun. 
To the Honourable the Council and the 
Honourable House of Assembly of Massa- 
chusetts Bay." 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ETHAN 
COMPSTOCK, we find from the following 
petition, served for several months during 
this summer of 1776 in that rank on the 
"Diligent." No record of any service of 
his is given in the "Massachusetts Soldiers 
and Sailors of the Revolutionary War." 
As we know that Second Lieutenant Walter 
Perkins served during this time, this record 
is a mystery. 

"To the honourable the Council andHouse 
of Representatives of the Staie of Massachu- 
setts-Bay in New England. 

The petition of Ethan CoMPSTOCK.Sfomd 
Lieutenant in the Diligent, Schooner-of- 
War, Captain John Lambert, Commander 
and Joshua Wing, Master of the said 
schooner, humbly showeth: 

That your petitioners have been in the 
service of the State nearly six months, 
have made several cruises, but all of them 
unsuccessful, by which they have notbeen 
able to supply themselves with any of the 
necessaries of life, and your petitioners 
are now reduced to such a situation (not 
having as yet received any wages) as 
obliges them to petition your Hon- 
ours for some relief. And your petitioners 
as in duty bound will ever pray &c. 

Ethan Co.mpstock. 

Josh la Wing." 
Boston, Sept. 11, 1770. 



Troubles increased for Captain Lambert 

and the ill fated "Diligent" as shown by 
the following: 

To the Honourable Council of the Si tie 
of Massachusetts-Bay: The Petition of 
the following persons humbly showeth: 

That we, your petitioners have served 
this Colony in different departments on 
board the schooner Diligent, John Lam- 
bert, Commander, since the Kith March 
last, which, we are sorry to say, to little 
advantage to the publick or oursel 
We therefore beg your Honours would 
take it into your wise consideration, and 
honourably acquit us, discounting for the 
time served, or place us in some way \\ here- 
in we may serve the general cause of Amer- 
ica and ourselves, as we cannot be so happy 
in any other way as in the defence of the 
country. But in the channel we are in 
we cannot make ourselves easy, unle-s we 
are lost to a sense of all honour and justice, 
as all the privates have lef ^ the vessel ; but 
as to your petitioners, we are not willing 
to leave the service unless it meets with 
the sanction of your Honour's approba- 
tion. We therefore beg leave to inquire 
the reason of the detainment of our wages. 
Is the captures we brought in unlawfully 
taken, or is it for embezzlements? Or 
are we accountable for the Captain's con- 
duct, when our commissions from your 
Honours oblige us to obey his commands? 
If we are impeached for any thing, being 
conscious of our innocence, we beg to be 
brought to an immediate trial, by which 
means we doubt not being able to acquit 
ourselves with honour and to your satis- 
faction, as we esteem our honour dearer 
than our interest or even our lives. We 
therefore heave ourselves at the feet of 
your Honours, hoping you'll consider our 
distressed situation in so expensive a place 
as this, having already expended a great 
part of our wages in the pursuit of them. 
We therefore pray we may no longer be 
kept in suspense, but have an immediate 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



L5 



answer, that we may not lose our honour 
or time; in complying with which we shall 
esteem ourselves under the greatest obli- 
gations. And, as in duly hound, shall 
ever pray, 

John O'Brien, First Lieutenant 

Walter Perkins, Second Lieutenant 

Joshua Wing, Master. 

Peter Clark, Commander of Marines. 
In Council, Sept. 20, 1770. 
Read, and Ordered, That Walter Spooner 
and Samuel Holton, Esquires, be a Com- 
mittee to take the within Petition under 
consideration and report. 

Johx Avery, Deputy Secretary." 

SURGEON'S MATE WILLIAM ALBY 
received his discharge September 22, 1770, 
after six months service on the "Diligent." 

The State authorities finally decided to 
dispose of the "Diligent" as the following 
letter will explain: 

"Salem, October 14, 1770. 

Sir: This morning I received a resolve 
of Court, directing me to discharge the 
Schooner Diligent from the service of this 
State, and to take into my custody all the 
cannon and other warlike stores now on 
board her, the property of this State. I 
conclude the Court meant nothing more 
than that I should see them delivered to 
your care; and as the Maritime Court sits 
in this town all this week, and causes are 
to be tried in which the State is interested, 
I cannot well leave home, and therefore 
I have sent the bearer Mr. Gray, to see 
what stores may be on board her, delivered 
to your care, and to discharge Captain 
Lambert from any further service on board 
said schooner, agreeable to the order of 
Court. If there are any bar shot on board 
her, or any can be obtained, they are much 
wanted for the Tyrannicide which is now 
near ready for sea. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 
Richard Derby, Jun. 
To Richard Devens, Esq." 



Cannon from the "Diligent, now lying 
at Long Wharf," were petitioned for by 
the owners of the armed sloop "Oliver 
Cromwell," October 8, L776. The R< 
General was directed to pay to Jonathan 
Glover, in full lor sundries supplied to 
"Captain John Lambert, whilst in the 
service of this State." 

Captain John Lambert, First Lieutenant 
John Obrian, and the other officers of the 
"Diligent" were discharged from the 
vice of the State, October 16, 1776. 

CAPTAIN JOHN LAMBERT iw no 

further service in the State or privateer 
navy so far as the records -.how. He must 
not be confounded with the Captain John 
Lambert who commanded the State brig- 
antine "Massachusetts." See Massachu- 
setts Magazine v. I, p 285. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN OBRIAN 

commanded the brigantine "Adventure" 
and schooner "Hibernia" in 177'.', the brig 
"Little Vincent"*and cutter "Salamander" 
in 1781 and the ship "Cyrus" in 1782. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT WALTER 
PERKIXS of Danvers served later as 
Prize Master of the schooner "Fly," com- 
manded by Captain Silas Smith, sworn to, 
November 8, 1780. Age 35 years; stature 
5 ft. 4 in.; complexion, dark: residence, 
Danvers. As we have already stated, 
this man entered the service as "Jonathan 
Knight," an assumed name. That it was 
such is proven, and the error corrected in 
the following documents: 

"To the honourable Council of the State of 
the Massachusetts-Bay. The Petition of 
the following persons humbly shoiccth; 

That we your petitioners can testify 
that Walter Perkins have acted and served 
as Second Lieutenant on board the scho r 
Diligent, John Lambert commander, since 
the 10th March last, and to general 

* Captain of "Little Vincent" was given as J. 
Obrian (John or Jeremia!i?) 



46 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



faction both to officers and seamen ; as he 
took a commission for said schooner in 
the name of Jonathan Knight, for exe- 
cuting the office as above, and did it from 
the above date. The said commission 
was sent up for an endorsement to the 
honourable Council, but by some means 
or other got lost; and as a commission 
from your Honours may be of service to 
him in future time, we humbly beg that 
your Honours would issue a new commis- 
sion in the name of the said Walter Perkins, 
that he may retain the. same for the honour 
of the Court and the service he has been 
engaged in, as we look upon him to be 
highly deserving in the station he has acted 
in, as we was on board with him during 
the said service. We therefore request 
the same to be executed. And as in duty 
bound shall ever pray. 

John Lambert, Captain 
John Obrien, First Lieutenant 
Joshua Wing, Master. 
Peter Clark, Cotn'r Marines. 

In Council -October 19, 1776. "Read 
and Ordered That as Jonathan Knight has 
not acted in the capacity of Second Lieu- 
tenant on board the Schooner Diligent 
since his appointment, that the name of 
Walter Perkins be inserted and the said 
Jonathan Knight's name be erased in his 
said commission. 

John Avery, Deputy Secretary.' 

MASTER-AT-ARMS PETER CLARK 
was engaged to serve in the same rank on 
the State Brigantine "Hazard," Captain 
John Foster Williams, July 'A, 1778 and 
^discharged October 1(>, 1778. 

The Commissary-General was directed 
October 19, 177G, to deliver to James Noble 
Shannon and Jonas Farnsworth. "the 
Schooner Diligent, with such . . appur- 
tenances as are not the property of this 
State." 

"On the Petition of Jeremiah Obrien 
and John Lambert, 

Resolved, That Captain Jeremiah Obrien 
commander of the Sloop Machias Liberty 
and Captain John Lambert, commander 
of the Sloop Diligent who have been em- 
ployed in the service of this State, to- 
gether with the rest of their officers and 
sea-coast men, under their respective com- 
mands, be and hereby are, direeted to 
make up their rolls on the same establish- 



ment, from and after the fir I da) oi 
ruary, and sixteenth day <>t M 
the other officers and sea men, ii 

vice of the State." 



The French and Indian War, a Training 
School for the Patriots. 

Careful study of the regimental 

which have been presented in tin 
during the past two years will make 
some very interesting lessons. Some of 
these like the state oi prepan ; the 

Patriots on the Lexington alarm, have al- 
ready been emphasized in special arti 
The value of the French war as a training 
school for the Patriots must have been ap- 
parent to very many readers of the biog- 
raphical sketchesof the regimental i H 
in Colonel Bridge's Regiment, w 
story is told in this number, at least twenty- 
two out of a total number of forty-five 
officers saw service in the cam] 
against the French and Indians. it is 
impossible for us to over estimate the value 
of this training to our American soldi 
Warfare of any kind would have g 
them valuable experience but they 
taught how to fight on general principles 
alone but were given specific instruction 
in British methods by many of England's 
ablest officers. English tenacity to accepted 
methods of warfare is proverbialand iccord- 
ingly the American officers were repeats re- 
called upon to oppose the indentical 
methods and movements which they had 
been taught thoroughly but a few years 
previously. 

When we consider that the Americans 
in addition to possessing this knowledge 
of British military methods were superior 
marksmen, as many of them had been 
hunters through life, we can readily under- 
stand why the Patriots were sucessful in 
so many engagements The importance 
of the breastwork has already been dwelt 
upn in these columns and it is probably 
quite true that the Patriots went into 
battle in close order by columns much less 
frequently than their opponents. The 
present method, of advancing in oj en 
has been found far sui erior to the old I 
ation In the regiments to be taken up dur- 
ing the coming year it will be seen that 
the percentage of French war vet 
among the officers will be even I 
than in the case of those above cited. 



(&rttmsm $c (Sotmttntt 



on poo^d anb ®tl]et £ubjech? 



New Publications 

A^History of the United States and its 
People. By Elroy McKendree Avery. 
Volume VI. Cleveland, O., 1909. 

Doctor Avery began the preparation 
of this history of the United States twenty - 
five years ago; and volume one was issued 
in 1904. In every part of the work the 
standard set in the first volume has been 
more than sustained. 

This volume relates to the Revolutionary 
war beginning in 1776, the events that 
culminated in the declaration of inde- 
pendence and the preliminary conflicts of 
the British troops with the colonists having 
been given in the preceeding volume. It 
begins with the Xew York campaign and 
closes with the ordinance of 17S7 and the 
Ohio settlement. 

The new color process of pictorial illus- 
tration has been more extensively used 
in this volume than in either of the others, 
presumably because the subjects are more 
numerous, and some delightful results have 
been obtained. The frontispiece is a copy 
of the best portrait of Washington. Maps 
of the battles of the Revolution occur fre- 
quently and reproductions of plans of 
battles are given. Among the portraits 
is a large one of Gen. John Sullivan and 
of Gen. John Stark and many other leaders 
in the war for independence. Besides 
the plans and maps and portraits, there 
are many presentations of autographs, 
coats-of-arms, currency and coins, seals 
and medals, facsimile reproductions of 
broadsides, handbills, proclamations and 
title-pages and of letters, journals, diplomas 
and muster rolls, cartoons and carricatures, 
uniforms of officer's and soldiers and other 
articles of apparel, epaulets, buttons, belt 
buckles and overshoes, flags, banners and 
standards, swords, pistols, bayonets, cart- 
ridge box, powder horns, canteen, rum 
kegs, knives and spoons, kettles, camp 
baskets and beds, nouses, churches and 



public buildings, vessels, tablets and tomb- 
stones, monuments and statues. 

The reproduction of Trumbull's famous 
painting, The Surrender of Burgovne, in 
the rotunda of the capitol at Wasnin 
occupies a full page and is dainty 
beautiful. Another full-page reproduc- 
tion in colors is that of Washington Re- 
signing his Commission, also by Trumbull, 
the original of which is in the Trumbull 
Gallery, Yale University, at Xew Haven. 

The readers of the Massachusetts Maga- 
zine would be specially interested in the va- 
rious uniforms shown in colors, coat-of-arms 
of General Putnam, portrait of Col. Th 
Knowlton, a native of Boxford, and of 
Gen. John Glover, who was born in Marble- 
head, as well as Sargent's portrait of Gen- 
eral Lincoln of Hingham, and the first 
flag of the union, flown at Washington's 
camp at Cambridge, in January, 1776. 

From the collections of the Essex Insti- 
tute is shown a cartridge box used in the 
Revolution, enlistment paper signed by 
Enoch Poor when he joined the army as a 
private, lantern used in the army of Corn- 
wallis, cap worn by Captain Titcomb of 
Washington's life-guard and another worn 
by a Hessian soldier who was killed at 
Trenton and portrait of Col. Alexander 
Hamilton. 

From the collections of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society is given Samuel 
Selden's powder horn, epaulets worn by 
Washington at Yorktown, the proclama- 
tion announcing the signing of the defini- 
tive treaty of peace, etc. There are. also, 
reproductions of portraits from the Muse- 
um of Fine Arts, Boston, papers from the 
Boston public library; and the Old South 
meeting house, Boston, contributes a 
waistcoat of General Sullivan. 

The excellence of the colored illustra- 
tions is undoubtedlv due to the personal 
interest of Charles W. Burrows, the heal 
of the company who publish the work. 
Doctor Avery falls into the error that 
many others have, in assuming that 



48 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Moll Pitcher, the fortune teller of Lynn, 
is identical with Moll Pitcher of Monmouth 
battle fame. 

In this volume there are four hundred 
and forty-four pages of text, a list of titles 
of chapters and of illustrations and an 
extended list of books relative to the sub- 
jects treated in this volume. There is no 
general index to each volume, the last 
volume to be issued being an index volume. 
I There will be sixteen volumes in all, and 
the price, in cloth, is ^(i.L'o; in half Levant, 
$12.00; and in full Levant, S 17.30: all 
prices being net. For further information 
and subscription address the publishers, 
The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. S. P. 



One of John Brown's Sons 

Probably very few of our readers re- 
called December 2d, that that day marked 
the 50th anniversary of the execution of 
John Brown, the outcome of his disastrous 
raid of the 2<3th of Oct., 1S39. The Civil 
war, following so soon, has partlv obliter- 
ated the memory of it from mind. Yet 
there are still living here in Massachusetts 
some of the associates and supporters of 
that descendant of the old Puritans and 
the literature relating to him is voluminous. 
Only a few weeks ago appeared a "Life" 
of him by W. E. B. DuBois, a member of 
the race he died to free. 

One day the past November there came 
to the notice of the writer a little incident 
which didn't get into the newspapers, but 
was pathetic in the extreme — the appear- 
ance in Washington late one evening of 
Jason Brown, one of the two surviving 
sons of old John Brown of Ossawatomie. 
A venerable figure, past 80, without means, 
friendless and alone, he was journeying 
from his Ohio home to execute a long- 
cherished purpose — his first, as it must 
be his last pilgrimage to the scene of his 
father's famous Harper's Ferry invasion. 
After spending the night upon the hard 
benches of the railroad station, at day- 
break he sought out a loyal friend of the 
family who cared for him during the day, 
and later started him on the last stage of 
his journey. 

Perhaps nothing in John Brown's life 
was more striking than his power of arous- 
ing loyalty and enthusiasm in those about 
him, and especially his own family. Xo 



less than 20 children were born to him by 
his two wives; several died :n child! 
but seven sturdy sons grew up to 

father in his lite work. 5 t in 

one way and some in another, but his rule 

was as unquestioned as that <>t the 
patriarchs of old. Of the four son >y the 
first wife, John and Jason 
raid. Owen who was there, 
one of the family to escape, and Fn 
brutal murder by pro-slavery 
Ossawatomie, Kansas, in 1836 must 
helped to harden his father's heart in i 
ing relentless war against the sla . 
Of the three sons by the second mar- 
Watson and Oliver were also with 
father at the Ferry and were both killed. 
and Salmon who was not then 
living in the far West. 

None of the Browns who survived in- 
herited the father's energy or power of 
swaying men; they have trod the ordinary 
walks of life, generally farmers or ranch- 
men, honorable and respected, but i t 
successful in a material sense, a bit eccen- 
tric and averse to society. 

Isn't there some rule about great or 
remarkable men's sons seldom rising from 
the ranks? C. A. F. 

Discovery of an Old Geography 

'"Bounded north and eaft by Britifh 
America, or the Provinces of Upper and 
Lower Canada, and Xew Brunfwiek; Couth 
eaft by the Atlantic Ocean; fouth by Eaft 
and Weft Florida; weft by the river, Mifiif- 
fippi." 

Those are the boundaries of the United 
States given in "The American Universal 
Geography." 

This Geography, whose title goes on 

"or a view of the present state of ail the 
Empires, Kingdoms. States and Republics 
in the known world, and of the United 
States in particular — " was "printed at 
Boston, by Isaiah Thomas and Ebenezer 
T. Andrews, - ' in the year 1793, and 
"sold at their Bookftore, Fault- Statue." 

The volume from which the maps were 
taken, was the propertv of Captain James 
D. Pitman of Bristol, Rhode Island. It 
was probably carried by him on many a 
voyage. 

judging from the writing discen 
on the inner front cover, he, in 1828, 
manded the "Brig Howard of Salem in Maf- 
sachusetts. " 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



49 



The tedium of a long sea voyage might 
be greatly relieved by a perusal of the many- 
subjects presented by the text — with in- 
teresting deductions after the manner of 
the day — and its copius marginal notes. 

The subjects ranged from Astronomical 
Geography and the Aborigines through 
the] grand divisions and their diversities, 
to the military strength, the history of the 
Revolutionary War, and the Constitution 
of the United States. 

Turning the pages to see what was said 
of "Salem in Mafsachusetts" as it was in 
1793, and why the "Brig Howard" should 
hail from there, I read, "Salem, the fecond 
town in fize in the Commonwealth con- 
taining 92S houfes, and 7921 inhabitants, 
and except Plymouth, the oldeft, was 
fettled in 162S by Governor Endicott and 
was called by the Indians Xaumkeag." 

Further descrpitions say: "But the 
principal harbour and place for bufinefs is 
■on the other fide of the town at fouth 
river, if that may properly be called a river 
which depends en the flowing of the fea 
or the water it contains. 

"So fhoal is this harbour that veffels 
which draw T more than ten or twelve feet 
of w r ater, muft be laden and unladen at a 
diftance from the wharves by the affiftance 
of lighters. 

"This inconvenience notwithstanding, 
more navigation is owned and more trade 
carried on in Salem than in any port in 
the Commonwealth, Bofton excepted The 
enterprize of the merchants of this place is 
equalled by nothing but their indefatigable 
industry ..." 

In the chapter devoted to Xew England 
generally, one reads, "Xew England may 
with propriety be called a nurfery of men 
whence are annually tranfplanted into 
other parts of the United States, thoufands 
of its natives ..." 

"In Xew England, learning is more 
generally diffufed among all ranks of people 
■than in any other part of the globe; arifing 



from the excellent eftaMifhment of [< | 
in almoft every townfhip. 

"A very valuable fource of inform 

to the people is the newfpapers, of which 
not lefs than thirty thousand are printed 
every week. 

"It is with knowledge as with r. 
the more a man ha- the more he wifhi 
obtain, his defire has no bound. This 
defire after knowledge, in a greater or 
degree, prevails throughout all claffes of 
people in Xew England. 

"Their colleges have rlourifhed. The 
illuftrious characters they have prod 
who have diftinguifhed themselves in 
politics, law, divinity, mathematics and 
philofophy, natural and civil hiftory, and 
in the fine arts, particularly poetry, evince 
the truth of thefe observations." 

The map of the District of Main shows 
the large territory which then belonged 
to Massachusetts. 

In our days of great desire for speed, 
and our great lines of railroad, with trains 
annihilating time and space, are we losing 
sight of the value of our inland waters? 

I was impressed by the fact that while 
the outlying lands were practically unknown 
at that date, the rivers and lakes were 
open pathways. Xaturally it would be so, 
for the lands oftentimes were huge, track- 
less forests. 

One reads the boundaries of Louisiana — 
which was then included in the Spanish 
Dominions — that it '"runs indefinitely 
north," and then reads of a river rising 
far beyond that western boundary, "The 
Miffouri is a 'longer, broader and deeper 
river than the Mil'filfippi, and afforis a 
more extenfive navigation. It has been 
ascended by French traders about twelve 
or thirteen hundred miles — and it appeared 
to be navigable many miles further." 

They knew not only the positions and 
relative size of the rivers and lakes, but 
the different character of each; the shores, 



50 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



the bottoms, the rapids, the falls. Also 
four distinct routes from the west to the 
sea-ports, with their portages in miles ac- 
curately denned. "From Detroit to Alex- 
andria on the Potomak, fix hundred and 
feven miles, are but two carrying' places, 
which together do not exceed the diftance 
of forty miles." 

One hundred and fifteen years ago they 
wrote, "the trade, wealth and power of 
America, may at fome future period, de- 
pend and perhaps centre upon the Miffif- 
fippi," but our "Lakes to the Gulf Water- 
way" has not yet materialized. 

They had no conception of the revolu- 
tion in modes of travel which steam and 
electricity would make, of the telegraph, 
telephone, wireless telegraphy and the 
navigation of the airj yet they had the in- 
spiration to write, "It is well known that 
empire has been travelling from eaft to 
weft. - 

"Probably her laft and broadeft feat wil\ 
be America. Here the fciences and the 
arts of civilized life are to receive their 
higheft improvements — we cannot but 
anticipate the period as not far diftant 
when the American Empire will compre- 
hend millions of souls weft of the Miffif- 
fippi. Judging upon probable grounds, 
that river was never defigned as the wef tern 
boundary of the American Empire." 

What shall we of today write for readers 
a hundred years to come ? Will our pres- 
ent progress and the discoveries which 
seem so stupendous now, seem to them 
far "behind the times?" Who shall say? 
Elizabeth O. Seabury. 



History of Newburyport, Mass., 1764-1000, 
By John J. Currier. 

In his two octavo volumes, the first 
published in 1906, the second in 1909, Mr. 
Mr. Currier has made a valuable addition 
to local history and the history of the 
period. No man could come to the task 



with finer preparation. A native of the 
old city by the Merrimac, a thorough 
student with leisure to allow long and 
careful study, well trained in the fine art of 
historical research by his earlier work on 
his "Ould Xewbury;" Historical and Bio- 
graphical Sketches and his "History of 
Newbury," he has labored patiently and 
has gathered from many sources an extra- 
ordinary store of exact information. 

The first volume is rilled with the annals 
of the town. Most fascinating perhaps 
is the record of the great ship building 
yards, which once lined the shore of the 
Merrimac, but which had wholly disap- 
peared years ago. From the earliest times, 
the Newbury ship carpenters had distin- 
guished themselves and a hardy race of 
sailors had grown up as well £s bold and 
skilful as the men Sir Francis Drake led 
led to victory. When the Revolutionary 
War began, the business of privateering 
was brisk and profitable. Many prizes 
unloaded their precious cargoes of food 
stuffs and munitions of war on the wharves 
and prisoners of war were marched away 
to jail. The merchants rallied nobly to 
the support of the government in the 
French war, a few years later and the good 
ship Merrimac was built with great en- 
thusiasm and loaned to the navy in 179S. 
The long list of Newburyport vessels cap- 
tured as prizes down to Sept., 1794, shows 
how much the town had suffered. 

In the year IS 10, Mr. Currier says, 21 
ships, 13 brigs and 1 schooner, were built 
on the Merrimac and the merchants of 
Newburyport owned at that date 41 ships, 
49 brigs, 4 barks and 50 schooners. Those 
were the palmy days when the old store- 
houses were filled with goods from every 
land, and the stately High street mansions 
were built. From these yards came the 
famous Dreadnaught and many other 
clipper ships and no finer, faster ships were 
ever built. With loving pride and fidelity 
to this great but extinct industry. Mr 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



51 



Currier records the builders and the long 
list of their good craft, that later genera- 
tions may not forget. 

But Newburyport is famous for other 
things. Here the first music book that 
was printed in America, with notes was 
produced in 1714, the first arithmetic was 
printed in 1786 and the books and news- 
papers that went forth from these printing 
offices brought great credit to the town. 
Many facsimiles of these old newspapers 
lend great interest to the tale. Churches 
and their ministers, schools, libraries, 
taverns and stage coaches, distinguished 
visitors and a hundred other matters, all 
find place. 

The second volume contains some sup- 
plementary annals of the Revolution and 
miscellaneous details, but its strong point is 
the carefully written biographical sketches 
We never realized what a multitude of 
great and useful citizens spent their days 
in Newburyport or went forth from the 
place of their birth to the wider arena of 
illustrious service. Here lived William 
Bartlett, prosperous merchant and princely 
giver to Philips Academy and Andover 
Theological Seminary, Jacob Perkins, a 
famous engraver, and the inventor of 
stereotype plates and William Lloyd Gar- 
rison, the Emancipator, whose birthplace 
is still standing. A remarkable group of 
lawyers were born in the old time or dwelt 
there for longer or shorter periods. Caleb 
Cushing, Ebenezer Mosely, Simon Green- 
leaf, the famous Dane Professor at Har- 
vard and the brilliant Theophilus Parsons, 
afterwards chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Massachusetts, in whose New- 
buryport office Rufus King, John Quincy 
Adams, Edward S. Livermore and Robert 
Treat Paine and many other young men 
of talent fitted for the Bar. Hannah 
Flagg Gould, Ben. Perley Poore, James 
Parton, Harriet Prescott Spofford, Alice 
Brown and Clara Ershire Clement Waters, 
represent the town in the world of letters. 



Gen. A. W. Greely, the Arctic explorer 
is a native. The artists, John AppletOll 
Brown and William E. Norton are num- 
bered among her sons, and William Wheel- 
wright, whose splendid bequest for the 
higher education of her youth now amounts 
to $450,000. Mr. Currier has done . 
service to a large circle in his admirable 
sketches of these and many others. His 
treatment of those eccentric characters 
Timothy Dexter, Jonathan Plummer, 
Antonio Knight and Rev. Charles Williams 
Milton is especially felicitous. 

The illustrations are particularly fine and 
well selected. Old pictures of the Town 
are reproduced and the excellent half tones 
of famous men and interesting old houses, 
made the work attractive to any one, who 
loves a good book. 

Had the author treated his subjects in 
topical rather than annalistic fashion and 
gathered all his material under appro- 
priate chapter headings, some portions of 
the work might have been more satis- 
factory, but compensation is made in the 
full Index, which is appended to each 
volume. T. F. W. 



Oliver Otis Howard 

The recent death of Gen. Oliver Otis 
Howard has removed one more of our few 
conspicuous Civil War leaders. For some 
years he had been the only survivur of 
those who led independent armies, .com- 
manding the Army of the Tennessee in 
1864-5. 

Gen. Howard was born in Leeds, Maine, 
in 1830, just ten years too late to be a 
Massachusetts bov, as Maine had been set 
off as a state in 1S20. His military career 
was creditable, if not brilliant, despite 
reflections on his generalship at Chancei- 
lorsville where he first exercised important 
command. After the war he saw service 
against the Indians, and rose to be secund 
in rank in the army at retirement in 1S'J4. 



52 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



But he was pre-eminently the Christian 
soldier; and perhaps his most important 
services were at the head of the Freedmen's 
Bureau and in the establishment and main- 
tenance of institutions of higher education 
in the South. 

New England eontribtited no conspic- 
uous military leader to the Civil war. Hook- 
er, Burnside, Howard, W. F. Smith, But- 
ler, Banks, Sedgwick, and others might be 
named, of all grades of ability from fair to 
very good, but none in the front rank. 

Various reasons might be given, but we 
will not attempt that here. 

"While it is true that we no longer have 
on either side a leader who directed an 
army in the field, it may be news to some 
that there walks the steets of Washington 
as a government clerk, a man who actually 
accomplished more, and whose command 
looked more formidable, than some armies. 



He is Col John S. Mosby, often stigmal I 
as a guerrilla chief, though hi^ command, 

the lod battallion, Virginia cavalry, C S. 
A. was regularly recruited in the counties 
along the upper Potomac. 

This partisan corps has furnished the 
theme of song and story for the region, and 
its annual reunion is one of the great ev< 
of the year. But their old commai 
is never present. Like Longstreet and 
a few others, Col. Mosby accepted the re- 
sults of the war, and set his face toward 
the future, even joining the Republican 
party which was an unforgiveable offence 
in Reconstruction days. That he is by no 
means a back number may be seen by any- 
one reading his vigorous defense of his old 
cavalry leader on one of the controverted 
points of war history "Stuart's cavalry in 
the Gettysburg campaign," published in 
1908. 



[This is the seventh instalment of a series of articles on Massachusetti Pioneers to other states, to be 
published by The Massachusetts Magazine] 

MASSACHUSETTS PIONEERS. 
MICHIGAN SERIES. 



By Charles A. Flagg 



BUS 

v. - 



Besides the abbreviations of book titles, (explained on papes 78, 77. 78 and 79 of April issue) the following 
are usedrb- for born; d. for died; m. for married; set. for settled in. 



Davis, Jonathan E., b. Hubbardston, 17S8; 
set. Vt., X. Y.. 1805 ? Mich.. 1843. Ma- 
comb Hist., 866; Macomb Past, 167; 
Washtenaw Hist., 979. 

Joseph, b. 1800; set. X. Y. Branch 

Twent., 830. 

Joshua, b. Barre, 1750; set. X. H., 

1758, Vt., 1763. Detroit, 1186. 

Levi, b. Vt., set. Xew Salem, 1S05, 

N. Y., 1816. Branch Port., 459. 

Lucy, m. 1800? Isaac Rogers of X. Y. 

and O. Jackson Hist., 925. 
■ Xathaniel, b. Petersham, 1715; set. 

N. H., 1758, Vt., 1763. Detroit, 1186. 
Olive, m. 1820? James S. Merchant 

of Me. and Mich. St. Clair, 752. 
Parnal, b. Monson, 1789; m.^ 1812 

Joseph Belknap Jr. of Mass., X Y. and 

Mich. Lenawee Hist. II, 473. 
Paul, b. near Boston; Revolutionary 

soldier; set. Vt., X. Y. Branch Port., 

459. 

Sally, b. Hubbardston, 1791; m. Abi- 

jah Owen of X. Y. andJUich. Macomb 
Hist., 755. 

Samuel C, b. Lee, 1779; set. Mich., 

1839. Jackson Port., 286. 

Solomon, set. X. Y., 1810? Hills- 
dale Port., 959. 

Willard, b. Princeton; set. Mich., 

1S37. Ingham Hist., 520. 

William, b. 1799? set. X. Y. Wash- 
tenaw Hist., 1427. 

Dawes, George W., b. Goshen, 1847; set. 
Mich., 1865. Gratiot, 457. 



Day, Erastus, b. Dalton, 1780; set. Canada, 
1812 5 X. Y., Mich., 1826. Macumb 
Hist., 695, 791. 

Esther H., m. 1873 Reuben Hatch Jr. 

of Mich. Traverse, 77. 

Harry, of Dalton, set. X. Y.. 1805? 

Macomb Hist., 695. 

Pelatiah, b. Salem, 1776 5 set. X. Y., 

1800? Clinton Port., 536. 

Sarah, m. 1800 5 Charles Foote of 

Mass. and X. Y. Hillsdale Port., 461. 

Dean, Ailes, of Adams, b. 1818; m. 1S38 

Erastus S. Jenks of Mass. and Mich. 

Ionia Hist., 291. 
Alexander, b. 1793; set. Mich. Kent, 

1333. 
■ Benjamin, b. Xew Ashford, 1S06; 

set. Mich., 1858. Midland, 187. 
Benjamin F., b. Peru, 1839; se ch. 

1862. Midland, 363. 
Dean, Ellen, m. I860 5 Stephen R. Crandell 

of X. Y. and Mich. Grand Rapids City, 

119. 
Dean, Emily, m. 1835 5 J. D. White of X.Y. 

and Mich. Washtenaw Hist., 1055. 
Harrv, b. Westfield. 1799; set. Mich., 

1837. Grand Rapids Hist., ISO; Grand 

Rapids Lowell, 108. 
Jessie F., b. Berkshire Co.. 1856; 

m. George O. Rockwell of Mich. Mid- 
land, 265. 
Marv A., b. Lee, 1854; m. William 

C. Plumer of Mich. Midland, 195. 
. Xelson K., b. Lee, 1852; set. Mich., 

1854. Midland, 191. 



54 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Dean, Rhoda K., of Taunton; m. 1815? 
Rufus Read of Vt., X. H. and Mich. 
Kalamazoo Hist., 477; Kalamazoo Port 
630. 

Stoel E., b. Pittsfield, 1847; set 

Mich., 1877. Midland, 196. 

Deforest, Luther, b. 1796; set. N. Y 
1820? Saginaw Hist., 745. 

De Forrest, Heman P., b. N. Bridge- 
water, 1839; set. Mich., 1889. Wayne 
Land, appendix, 29. 

De Land, Charles V., b. X. Brookfield, 

1826; set. Mich., 1830. Jackson Port., 
i- 219; Saginaw Hist., 465. 
Samantha, b. 1824; m. Benjamin W. 

Rockwell of Mich. Jackson Hist., 701. 
William R., b. Brookfield, 1792 or 5; 

set. N. Y., Mich., 1830. Jackson Hist., 

142; Jackson Port., 219; Saginaw Hist., 

465. 
Delano, Israel, of Pembroke, b. 1765; 

set. N. Y. Allegan Hist., 233. 
M. A., b. Fairhaven, 1848; set. Mich., 

1868. Upper P., 344. 
Stephen B., b. Providence? 1795; 

set. N. Y. Kalamazoo Port., 640. 

Dell, William H., b. 1820; set. Mich., 
1845. Washtenaw Hist., 497. 

Deming, Almond, set. O. 1834. Allegan 

Twent., 188. 
«— — Emerson, b. Xorthampton, 1832; 

set. O., 1834, Mich., 1863. Allegan 

Twent., 188. 

Eunice, m. 1800 David Southwick of 

Mass. and X. Y. Kalamazoo Port , 738. 

Denfield, William F., b. Xatick, 1857; 
set. Mich., 1884. Saginaw Port., 780. 

Denham, Cornelius, b. Franklin Co.; set. 

N. Y., 1820; d. 1828. Branch Port., 

236. 
Cornelius, b. Conway, 1817 or 8; set. 

111., N. Y., Mich., 1865. Branch Port., 

236; Branch Twent., 438. 

Denison, Asa W., set. Mich., 1845. Kent, 

695. 
Dennis, Mary E., b. Concord; m. 1848 

John D. Williams of Mich. Clinton 

Port., 506. 

Dennison, Lovisa A., b. N. Lee, 1849; m. 
Stoel E. Dean of Mass. and Mich. Mid- 
land, 197. 



Densmore. Julina, of Conway, m. 1830? 

Artemas Chase of X. Y. and Mich. Len- 
awee Hist. II, 329. | 

Rufus, set. Mich.; d. 1847. Gratiot. 

491. 

Derainville, Patience, m 1815"' Ephl 
Braley of X. Y. Midland, 194 

Dewey, Amy, m. 1825? James H. Cushing 
of X. Y. and Mich. Cass Twent.. 688. 

Elizabeth, m. 1810' Ira Iiarr.es of 

X. Y., O. and Mich. Hillsdale Port., 
498. 

Jonathan, set. X. Y., 1820? Oak- 
land Port., 716. 

Rowland, b. Westfield. 1S03; set. O. 

Branch Port., 495. 
Stephen E., set. O., 1823. Branch 

Port., 495. 
De Witt, Sarah, b. Belchertown, 1803; 

m. 1827 Samuel Hinkley of X. Y. and 

Mich. Lenawee Hist. I, 267; Lenawee 

Port., 488. 



Dexter, Maria, m. 184; 



Ransom D. 



Tucker of Mich. Mecosta, 492. 
Meribah, b. Xew Bedford. 1770 or 7; 

m. 1797? Henry Jennings of X. Y. Len- 
awee Hist. II, 154; Lenawee Port., 534. 
Samuel, set. X. Y., 1810? Saginaw 

Hist., 728. 
Samuel W., b. Boston, 1792; set. 

N. Y., Mich., 1824. Washtenaw Hist., 

267; Washtenaw Past, 680; Wayne 

Chron., 273. 
Dibble, Philo, set. X. Y., 1800 5 Calhoun, 

73. 
Dickens, Phebe, b. 1796; m. John Oliver 

of X. Y. Jackson Hist., 1108. -4 
Dickinson, Abigail, set. Mich., 1835; m. 

1836 George Salisbury of Mich. Bean 

Creek, 49. 
Asa C, b. Great Barrington; set. 

N. Y., Mich., 1848. Wavne Chron., 

358; Wayne Land., 686. , 
George W., b. Granbv, 1809; set. 

N. Y., 1831, Mich., 1835. 'Grand River, 

appendix. 20; Kent, 201, 260. 
Xathan, b. Amherst, 1799; set Mich., 

1836. Macomb Past, 337. 
Obed, of Amherst, set. Mich., 1836. 

Branch Hist., 255. 

Dickman, Sarah A., of Hopkinton.b. ISIS; 
m. 1848 Wellington Chapman of Mich. 
Saginaw Port., 850. 



MICHIGAN PIONEERS 



55 



Dinsmore, William, set. N. Y., 1830? 

Mich., 1836. Ionia Port., 559. 
Dixon, George H., b. Nantucket, 1800; 

set. N. Y., 1840? O., Mich. Detroit, 

1401. 
Doan, Mrs. Emily, b. 1S03; set. Mich., 

1835. Washtenaw Hist., 498. 
Doane, Elisha, b. Worcester, 1796; set. 

Vt., N. Y., O., Mich., 1824. Kalamazoo 

Hist., 304, 310. 
Isaiah, b. Earlham? set. N. Y., 1820? 

O. 1835? Berrien Twent., 951. 
Dodge, Charles D., b. Ipswich, 1849; set. 

Mich. Ingham Port., 322. 
George H., b. 1834; set. Mich., 1856. 

Clinton Past, 366. 
Harvey, of Charlton, b. 1800; set. 

Mich., 1856. Clinton Past, 366. 
Hervey b. Beverly, 1S06; set. N. Y., 

O. Ingham Port., 322. 

— Lucretia, m. 1820? Thomas Kinney 
of Mass. and N. Y. Lenawee Port., 
386. 

— Mary A., of Dudley, m. 1856 George 
H. Dodge of Mich. Clinton Past, 366. 

Dolbear, Avery, b. Templeton, 1789; 

set. N. Y., 1810? Mich, 1842. Lenawee 

Hist. II, 469. 
Dole, Cordelia, m. 1840? William K. 

Farnsworth of Ohio. Saginaw Port., 

620. 
Linus, set. N. Y., 1820? Isabella, 

256. 
Nancy, b. Shelburne, 1832; rn. 1852 

Hart L. Upton of Mass. and Mich. Clin- 
ton Port., 870. 
Donaldson, Irene, m. 1820? Clark Worden 

of Mich. St. Clair, 725. 

Donelson, Abel, of Colerain, set. Mich., 
1827. Genesee Hist., 186. 

■ Ira, b. Colerain, 1790; set. Mich., 

1837. Oakland Biog., 174; Oakland 
Hist., 307. i 

Dorr, Solomon F., b. Brookfield, 1785; 
set. N. H., 1820? Mich., 1834. Wash- 
tenaw Hist., 1341. 

Susan, of Boston, m. 1800? Cyrus 

Baldwin of N. Y. Washtenaw Hist. 
962. 

Dorrance, William H., set. N. Y., 1840? 

Washtenaw Past, 437. 
Doty, Samuel, b. Plymouth, 1681; set. 

Conn. Washtenaw Past, 43. 



Douglas, Clinton, b. Sandi.fu-M 17SS' 

set. N. Y., 1805. Clinton Past, 193 
Sarah, m. 1816 John Buttolph of X.Y. 

and Mich. Ionia Port., 558. 
Douglass, Caleb S., b. Amher-t, 1809; 

name changed to Solomon Gilbert. 
Downer, Charlotte, m. 1835? Tames Harris 

of Vt., N. Y. and Mich. Clinton Past. 

66. 

Downing, O. E., b. Charlestown, 1S24; 

set. Mich., 1876. Upper P., 446. 
Dowse, Sarah J., b. Littleton' 1827; m, 

Samuel P. Youngman of Mich. Ionia 

Port., 678. 

Drake, Larnard, b. 17S3; set. Mich. Clin- 
ton Port., 363. 

Melvin, b. Easton, 1805; set. Vt., 

1811, Mich., 1S30. Oakland Hist., 333; 

Oakland Port., 733. , 
Walter, b. 1S0S; set. Mich., 1S30. 

Clinton Port., 362. 
Draper, Charles, b. Marlborough, 1811; 

set. Mich., 1833. Oakland Port., 265. 
William, b. Dedham, 17S0; set. Mich., 

1833. Oakland Port., 265. 
Drurv, Samuel F., b. Spencer, 1816; set 

Mich., 1838. St. Clair, 125. 
Dryer, Allen, of Stockbridge, b. 1772; 

set. N. Y., 1800 5 Clinton Port., 516, 

617; Ingham Hist., 203; Ingham Port., 

345. 
Harriet L., b. Stockbridge, 1823; 

m. 1844 Anthonv McKey of Mich. Len- 
awee Hist. II, 384. 
John, set. N. Y., 1808. Macomb 

Hist., 882. 
Thomas F., b. Richmond, 1801; set. 

N. Y., 1808. Macomb Hist.. 882. 
Dumbleton, Caroline, m. 1840 5 George 

W. Grosvenor of Mich. Grand Rapid3 

City, 724. 
Dunbar, William, b. W. Stockbridee, 

1807; set. Mich., 1832. Monroe, 355. 
Dunham, , set. N. Y.; d. 1830. Alle- 
gan Hist., 463. 
Aaron, set. N. Y., 1S20? Lenaeew 

Port., 992. 
Betsey, b. Attleboro; m. 1800? Otis 

Hicks of N. Y. Macomb Hist., 797. 
John, 1812 soldier, set. N. Y., 1S14? 

Clinton Port., 743. 
Dunn, Joel, b. 1775; set. Mich., 1S31. 

Washtenaw Hist., 1251. 



56 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Dunn John, b. 1705? set. Vt. Hillsdale 
Port., 584. 

Durand (or Durant), Almira, b. 1806; 
m. 1S27 Silas Wheelock of Mich. Wash- 
tenaw Hist., 1091; Washtenaw Port., 
620. 

Durkee, Charles M., b. 1S29; set. O./ 
Mich., 1854. Ionia Port., 702. 

Martin, set. O. 1835? Ionia Port 

702. 

Durphy, H. C, b. 1816; set. Mich., 1849. 

Ottawa Hist., 120. 
Dwight, C. G., set. Mich., 1865. Kala- 
mazoo Port., 976. 
Emma, m. 1S71 Sylvester P. Hicks 

of Mich. Kent, 1219. 
Martha A., b. Belchertown; m. 1853 

Edward W. Barber of Mich. Jackson 

Port., 25S. 
Norman, b. 181.5; set. Mich., 1838. 

Washtenaw Hist., 851. 
Peregrine, b. 1795; set. X. Y. ; d. 1842. 

Jackson Port., 258. 

Dyer, Jotham. set. Vt., Mich., 182S. Jack- 
son Hist., 621. 

Eager, Benjamin, b. Lancaster, 1812; 
set. Vt., X. Y., Mich., 1836. Allegan 
Twent., 571; Kalamazoo Port., 586. 

Eames, Daniel, b. Dedham? 1780? set. 
N. Y. Kalamazoo Port., 370. 

Persis, of Worcester, b. 1813; m. 1835 

Charles A. Carpenter of Mich. Oakland 
Hist., 260; Oakland Port., 628. 

Eastmax, Elizabeth, m. 1785' Xathaniel 
Morrill of X. H. Jackson Hist., 771. 

Jonathan, set. Vt. Berrien Port., 

155. 

Timothv, b. 1798; set. Me., 1822? 

Mich., 1835. Ottawa Hist., 117. 

Eaton, D. L., b. Ashburnham, 1822; set. 

Mich. Kent, 1214. 
. James, set. X. Y.. 1800? Mich., 1828. 

Lenawee Port , 472. 
« Lucy, m. 1835? Elihu Sabin of X. H. 

and Ind. Berrien Twent., 477. 
W T ard, b. Boston; set. Pa., 1840? 

Branch Twent., 345. 
Eddy, John, set. X. Y., 1800' Mich., 1832. 

Lenawee Port., 659. 



Eddy, Jonathan, b. 17_'6, set. Me 
Port.. LM).-,. 

William, b. Man field, 1752; et Me. 

Saginaw Port., _><)5. 

Edgerly, fames C, !>. 1791; set \ Y 

181 -i; Mich., 1822. Macoi 

Edgertox. Ruth, m 1820? Willi 
of O. and Thomas Rowan. Gei 
Port., 1049. 

Edmonds. Isabel, b. L808; m. Laomi Rob- 
inson of Mich. Clint-. n Port., 8 

Edmunds. Hannah, in. 1815? M 
Luther of Vt. Clinton Port., 755. 

Edsox. Miss C. P., of Yarmouthj.<.r 
1854 John C. Clarke of Mich. St 

Edwards, John M. b. Northampton, 1^_'')- 
set. Mich., 1848. St. Clair. 121. 

Egglestox, Spencer, b. Sheffield; set. 
X. Y., 1810? Jacksnn Hist., 622. 

Eldredge, Daniel, b. 1745; set. Conn. Len- 
awee Hist. I, 135; Lenawee Purt., '.) ;7. 

Eldridge, Caleb, b. Berkshire Co.; set. 
X. Y., 1835? Kent, 1259. 

Mary, b. 1800; m. Willit G. Green 

of X. Y. Clinton Port , 214. 

Eldridgex, Elisha, b. 1789; set. Mich. 

Washtenaw Hist., 592. 
Ellis, Horace, b. 1795; set. X. Y.. 1820? 

Mich., 1855. Clinton Port.. 696. 
John, b. Ashfield, 1815; set. Mich., 

1843. Grand Rapids Lowell, 7_>_\ 

William, b. Springfield; set. Vt., X. Y. 

Mich., 1854. Lenawee Port., 590 

William L., set. X. Y.;d. 1862. 



Hills- 
Ionia 



dale Port., 666 

Ellisox, Eliab, set. X. Y., 1810? 
Port., 266. 

Ellsworth. Melinda L., m. 1830' Warren 
J. Ashley of Mich. Isabella, 495. 

Emersox, B. F.. b. Middleton, 1838; set. 
Mich., 1868. Upper P., 342. 

George W.. set. O.. 1810. Mich., 1830; 

d. 1837. Hillsdale Port.. 878 

Jesse, of Wendell, set. O.. 1810. Hills- 
dale Port., 878. 

Emmons, James, set. O. 



Twent., 438. 
Exsigx, Horace, set. O. 
mazoo Port., 736. 



1810? Cass 

1S30? Kala- 



(To be continued.) 




*$SBt9** 









3* 







"&V 






IP35 






■ 






^MB 



>* - 



**•: 









ANDREW OLIVER HOUSE, DORCHESTER 



By R. A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. 



Massachusetts, indeed all New England, was founded by Englishmen, and, 
with very few exceptions, the entire population, consisting of about 20,000 
persons in 1640, was made up of Englishmen, until the Revolutionary period 
of 1755.* 

These emigrants brought with them not only the characteristic traits of the 
English people, but English customs, habits, names, furniture, the style of 
architecture subsequently known as Colonial, etc. 

Those who were adherents of the British Government in America, during the 
Revolutionary period were distinguished as Royalists or Tories. They con- 
sisted, for the most part of prominent individuals or families of English birth 
or descent, residing principally in Massachusetts, Virginia, or Pennsylvania, 
many of whom represented the British Government officially as administrators 
of the British American Colonies. Amongst these will be found, especially in 
Massachusetts, the names of the Hutchinsons, Olivers, Saltonstalls, Winslows, 
Quincys, etc., who were concerned in the administration of the Colony. 

What is known as Colonial Architecture, introduced by the Colonists into 
America in the XVIIIth century, had its rise from the classical revival in Eng- 
land under Sir Christopher Wren — the architect of St. Paul's Cathedral, in 
London. In England it was distinguished as Georgian. 

The principal characteristic of this style is repose, and it was in reality a 
modification of XVIth century Italian work, after Palladio and Vignola, ad- 
apted to English conditions by Sir Christopher Wren, after a visit to Italy. 
The leading idea is symmetry upon either side of a central axis, and long, low 
facades which are scarcely ever higher than they are wide, except in the case 
of church spires, towers or porticoes. The usual external decorations consist 
of balustrades, porches, porticoes, columns, and broken pediments, but bow- 
windows are severely excluded. 

The interior decorations generally include light mantels, embellished by 

* "The Royalists of Massachusetts," J. H. Stark: p. 122. 1910. 



58 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

garlands and decorated with oVal medallions and ceilings ornamented with a 
sun-burst pattern of radiating (lutes in relief, or some such design. Simplicity, 
dignity and formality of arrangement constitute the essential features, ab- 
ated with delicacy of detail. While the general aspects of the style are usually 
preserved, certain variations are found in various localities, thus differences 
as to detail will be found between Colonial mansions in Virginia compared 
with those of New England, and again between those of New England and 
Pennsylvania. The best period was from 1750 to 1800. 

These preliminary remarks will serve as an introduction to ons of the I 
examples of Colonial architecture to be found in New England. 

Built in 1737 — when the proprietor was about 30 years of age— and stand- 
ing on a verdant tract at the corner of Park and Washington Streets. Dor- 
chester, the Andrew Oliver house is a beautiful specimen of Pre-revolutionary 
architecture,and is especially distinguished by its having a large piazza leading 
from the second story, supported by eight graceful columns and giving the 
facade, which is crowned by an ornamental triangular pediment (containing 
a semi-circular window), a striking and elegant appearance. The facade is 
further decorated by four equidistant, broad, fluted, semi-columns arranged 
perpendicularly across the front. 

The front door is a splendid example of Colonial work, and leads into a 
spacious hall, from which a wide central stair-case led to the sleeping apart- 
ments of which there are nine rooms.* 

On the ground floor are two large reception-rooms, a dining-room, library, 
and several smaller rooms. Unfortunately most of the original mantels have 
been removed and heavy marble ones substituted. There is also a muniment 
room with unusually thick walls of solid stone work. 

The house stands in the centre of about three acres of ground and has large 
and extensive lawns both in front and in the rear. On the left side of the front 
lawn is a wide carriage-drive, lined with grand old elms, which leads to the 
main entrance and also a commodious carriage-house and stables. Fronting 
the mansion are three large and stately elm-trees. 

From the rear a magnificent view is obtained of Boston harbor with its 
islands and forts, and indeed the location of the house is charming andailords 
vistas of delight in every direction. On the rear lawn is also a superb beech- 
tree, said to be the largest and finest specimen in the United States. 

Here Lieut. Governor Oliver royally entertained his numerous friends, dur- 
ing the summer months and imagination can vividly recall the festive and 

* The stair case has recently been turned to one side of hall. 



ANDREW OLIVER HOUSE, DORCHESTER 59 

domestic scenes which have graced this luxurious homestead in the good old 
days. Distinguished gentlemen, in their rich Georgian costumes and the 
fairest ladies in the land — in all their radiant beauty and arrayed in their 
magnificent dresses and elegances, have here danced the stately minuet to the 
charming sounds of sweetest music, while their every want was anticipated 
by a retinue of negro-slaves. But all these have passed; only the dignified 
mansion remains to remind us of other davs. 

Andrew Oliver was a member of one of the most distinguished families 
among the earlier Massachusetts Colonists. He was born in Boston, in 1707, 
and the following brief genealogical sketch of his ancestry may not be unin- 
teresting: — 

Thomas Oliver came to Boston from Bristol, England, in 1632, accom- 
panied by his three sons, John, Peter, and James. The old gentleman was one 
of the founders, and became an Elder of the First Church in Boston. He lived 
on Washington Street, "his lot extending north from Spring lane, and includ- 
ing the head of "Water Street." 

His son, John, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Newdegate; Peter mar- 
ried her sister, Sarah. James, the third son, was long a selectman. 

John Jr., son of John, married Susanna Sweet, and his brother, Thomas, 
married and settled in Cambridge. 

Peter Oliver, second son of the emigrant, had three sons, of whom Nathaniel 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Brattle; James married Mercy, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Bradstreet and Daniel married Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew 
Belcher. 

Andrew, son of the last named and the owner of Oliver House, became 
Lieut. Governor of Massachusetts, and brother-in-law of Governor Hutchinson.* 

Daniel Oliver, Andrew's father, was a member of the Council and his uncle, 
Peter Oliver, was a well known Boston merchant, commander of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company — one of the founders of the Old South 
Church and Chief-Justice. 

Daniel's father-in-law r , Andrew Belcher, was the father of Governor Jona- 
than Belcher. 

Andrew Oliver graduated from Harvard in 1724. He married, first, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Fitch, by whom he had a son, Andrew, who marriedMary, 
daughter of Benjamin Lynde. 

Andrew Oliver Sen., married, secondly, Mary Sanford. thus becoming the 

* The Oliver genealogy, bv Mr. Whitmore, will be found in the New England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, for April, 1865; and a tabular pedigree in Drake's 
Boston, p. 293. 



60 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

brother-in-law of Governor Hutchinson. By her he had fourteen children. 
The Boston family mansion was situated near Fort Hill. 

In addition to being Representative of Boston, he was also a member of the 
Council, and Secretary of the Province. He became very unpopular, how- 
ever, owing to his having been appointed collector in connection with the 
Stamp Act, without being consulted in the matter. 

As a matter of fact he personally disapproved of this Act ; but the populace, 
.probably misled by those who opposed the government, became infuriated 
against him on account of the office to which he had been appointed, destroved 
his executive office, broke the windows in his town-house, destroyed his barn 
and fences, sacked the mansion, wrecked the furniture, hung his effigy on the 
"Liberty-tree," and finally burnt it before the door of his house. Mr. Oliver 
resigned his appointment on the day following. This riot occurred on August 
14, 1765.* 

The following items of interest may just be mentioned in passing: Before 
the fire of 1760, what is now called Kilby street was known as Mackerel lane, 
and after the fire, Mr. Oliver served as one of a committee appointed to lay 
out and widen the new street. 

\ Mr. Andrew Oliver acted as one of the bearers at the funeral of Peter Fan- 
euil on March 10, 1743. 

t In 1768, Mr. Oliver kept a carriage, there being at that time only 22 per- 
sons thus distinguished in Boston, f 

Mr. Oliver became Lieut. Governor of Massachusetts in 1770, a position 
which he held to his death, and notwithstanding his well-known, life-long 
character as an absolutely conscientious, honorable, scrupulously truthful 
and kind-hearted gentleman, unfounded charges were brougut against him, 
owing to the malignant party-spirit then prevailing, but which were utterly 
repudiated by the Council of Massachusetts-Bay. He was treated as if he 
had been the determined enemy of his country, while the only charge that 
could have been fairly brought against him was that of being faithful to the 
political principles of the Government which he had sworn to espouse and 
maintain. His health became undermined and his spirit broken by the un- 
justifiable malignity manifested towards him by his political opponents, and, 
after a brief illness he died at Boston, March 3, 1774, at the age of 67. Even 
death'did not quell the hostility of the mob, for they ran after his cortege, hoot- 

* For a detailed account of these unjustifiable proceedings, and for all matters con- 
cerning the "Royalists of Massachusetts," the reader is referred to Mr. J. H. Stark's 
laborious and valuable work thus entitled, and recently published. 

t Proceedings of Massachusetts Historical Society. 



ANDREW OLIVER HOUSE, DORCHESTER 61 

ing and shouting and making a most unseemly and disgraceful disturbance.* 

After the Lieut. Governor's death the Andrew Oliver House was sold by 
Mr. J. J.Spooner, the administrator, to Col. Benjamin Hichborn, in 17X1. who 
lived in it until his death in 1817 and he bequeathed it to his brother Samuel 
Hichborn. Col. Hichborn well-sustained the traditions still garnitured by- 
early memories and it is a matter of historical record that General Lafayette 
in 1783, and President Jefferson and Munroe. when they came to Boston, were 
here entertained with befitting pomp. President Munroe, it is stated, came 
to visit him in his last illness, when they embraced and kissed each other in 
accordance with the then prevailing custom, f The mansion was then known 
as Hichborn' s Corner. 

After the death of Col. Hichborn the house was unoccupied for many years, 
and eventually it passed from Samuel Hichborn to Mr. James Penniman, a 
well-known Boston merchant, who possessed it in 1S30. 

The house was then known as "Penniman House," and for the first six or 
eight months of its existence the Dorchester Academy was established in one 
of the large rooms in the house — an Institution in which Mr. Penniman was 
deeply interested. J 

From Mr. Penniman's hands the house passed into the possession of Mr. 
Walter Baker, the celebrated chocolate manufacturer, who died in 1852; and 
it was occupied for almost half a century afterwards by Mrs. Baker, his widow, 
who died in 1901. 

For a few years after Mrs. Baker's death -the premises were utilized as a 
Sanatorium, and finally the estate w T as purchased by the Dorchester Colonial 
Club in 1907, who still occupy it. 

The exterior of this most interesting house and its surroundings remain 
today just as they were when Lieut. Governor Andrew Oliver occupied the 
mansion, nearly two centuries ago. Some necessary alterations have been 
made internally in the interests of the Club which now possesses it ; but in its 
silent dignity and beauty it still reminds us of the associative glamourie of 
by-gone -days, when rank and fashion held sway before the realization of 
American independence. 

'* Mr. Andrew Oliver's will, dated- March 23d, 1773, may be seen among the Suffolk 
Probate Records, Book 77, p. 463. 1774. 

t Orcutt's "Good Old Dorchester," p. 402. 
t Orcutt: opus cit. 



SOME ARTICLES CONCERNING MASSACHU 
SETTS IN RECENT MAGAZINES 



By Charles A. Flagg 



GENERAL 

Boston and Maine. The Charles River 
to the Hudson. Pub. by the Boston 
and Maine railroad. [Cambridge, 1908.] 
79 p. 

Checkley. Diary of the Rev. Samuel 
Checkley, edited by H. W. Cunningham. 
Cambridge, J. Wilson & son, 1909. p. 271- 
306 

Reprint from Publications of the Colonial So- 
ciety of Mass. v. 12. 

Colonial. Supplement to the Register of 
the Massachusetts Society of Colonial 
Dames of America, 1905-1909. Boston, 
1909. p. 427-528. 
Supplementing the "Register . . . 1893-1905," 

pub. in 1905. 

Cutter. Genealogical and personal me- 
moirs relating to the families of Boston 
and eastern Mass. Prepared under the 
editorial supervision of W. R. Cutter. 
New York, Lewis historical publishing 
co., 1908. 4 v. 

Davis. Hints of contemporary life in 
the writings of Thomas Shepard. By 
A. M. Davis. Cambridge, J. Wilson 
& son, 1908. p. 137-162. 
Reprint from Publications of the Colonial So- 
ciety of ' Mass. v. 12. 

Doolittle. A short narrative of the mis- 
chief done by the French and Indian 
enemy on the western frontiers of the 
province of the Mass. Bay. . . Bv the Rev. 
Mr. Doolittle . Boston, MDC'CL. New 
York, Reprinted and sold by W. Abbatt, 
1909. 27 p. (Magazine of history. Extra 
no. 7, pt. I.) 

Douglas. Dictionary of American-Indian 
place and proper names in New England 
with many interpretations. By R. A. 
Douglas-Lithgow. Salem, Salem press 
co., 1909. 400 p. 



Gardner. Massachusetts memorial to her 
soldiers and sailors who died in the De- 
partment of Xo. Carolina, 1801-1865. 
Dedicated at Xewbern, X. C, Xovem- 
ber 11, 1908. [Boston, Gardner and 
Taplin, 1909.J 102 p. 

Genealogical. The Genealogical maga- 
zine, 1907. Vol. II. Salem, 1907. 
94 p. 

The issue of a combined no. for Anril-Dec. 
1907 (whole no. 126) with title and table ' of con- 
tents, has apparen-ly brought to a final conclusion 
the periodical which began in July, 1890 under title 
"Salem press historical and genealogical record" and 
of which there have been lb volumes in all, under 
four different titles. 

Green. Early mile-stones leading from 

Boston and mile-stones at Groton. By 

S. A. Green. Cambridge, J. Wilson & 

son, 1909. 27 p. 

Reprint from Proceedings of Mass. Historical 

Society. 

Hasse. Index of economic material in 
documents of the states of the United 
States. Massachusetts, 1789-1904. Pre- 
pared ... by Adelaide R. Hasse. Wash- 
ington, Carnegie Institution, 190S. 310 p. 
"Economic" is used in a pretty broad sense. 

King. Sir Henry Vane, Jr., governor of 
Mass. and friend of Roger Williams. 
Bv H. M. King. Providence. R. I., Pres- 
ton & Rounds co., 1909. 207 p. 

Mass. The acts and resolves, public and 
private, of the province of Mass. Bay 
Volume XV— XVI, being volumes X-XI 
of the appendix, containing Resolves, 
etc., 17.53-1700. Boston, 1908-1909. 
873 & 80S p. 

This series beean publication in 1.^69; v. 1-5 
being public acts 1092-1750; v. 6 Private acts, same 
period and v. 7-, Resolves, etc. 1692. 

Mass. Massachusetts soldiers and sailors 
of the Revolutionary war. A compila- 
tion from the archives, prepared and 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



65 



published by the Secretary of the com- 
monwealth, vol. 17, Whi-Zvr. Boston, 

1908. 1044 p. 

Mass. Twentieth report on the custody 
and condition of the public records of 
parishes, towns and counties. By H. E. 
Woods, commissioner. Boston, 1908. 
7 P- 

Twenty-first report . . . .By H. E. 

Woods, commissioner. Boston, 1909. 
7 p. 

Mass. Massachusetts Historical Societv. 
... Proceedings, Oct., 1908-June, 1909. 
Volume XLII. Boston, 19U9. 535 p. 

Mass. Index to the second series of the 
Proceedings of the Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society, 18S4-1907. Boston, 1909. 
490 p. 
In connection with the "Index to the first 20 

volumes of the Proceedings" pub. in 1S87, we now 

have a good index to the series from 1791 to date. 

Mass. Secretary's annual circular. Num- 
ber thirteen. Twelfth Massachusetts 
(Webster) Regiment Association. Au- 
gust, 1908. 17 p. 

Number fourteen . . . August, 1909. 

13 p. 

Issued regularly since 1896. Secretary, George 
Kimball, Lexington. 

Mass. (Circular no. 21). Thirteenth Mas- 
sachusetts Regiment. [1908]. 43 p. 

• : (Circular no. 22.) Same. 29 p. 

No. 1 pub. in 1SS8. Secretary. Chas. E. Davis. 
Jr., Boston. 

Mass. Annual souvenir. Forty-third an- 
nual reunion of the Thirty-fifth regiment 
Mass. vol. infantry, in Faneuil Hall, 
Boston, Thursday, Sept. 17, 1908. 41 p. 

■ Forty -fourth annual reunion ... in 

Faneuil Hall, Boston, Friday, Sept. 17, 

1909. 43 p. 

Secretary, Capt. Geo. H. Nason, Roxbury. 

Mass. Massachusetts year book for 1910. 
no. 12. Worcester, F. S. Blanchard & 
co., 1909. 344 p. 

Mathews. The expansion of New Eng- 
land, the spread of New England settle- 
ment and institutions to the Mississippi 
River, 1620-1865. By Lois K. Mathews. 
Boston, Houghton Mifflin co., 1909. 
303 p. 

Military. Campaigns in Kentucky and 
Tennessee, including the battles of Chick- 
amauga, 1802-1864. Papers of the Military 
Historical Societv of Mass. Vol. VII. 
Boston, 1908. 5o7 p. 
Vols. 1-6 and 10-12 already pub. 



Military. Military Order of the Loval 
Legion of the U. S. Headquarters Com- 
mandery of the state of Mass. Circulars 
no. 1-7, series 1908. Whole no. 482-4$8. 
Boston. 

Circulars no. 1-7, series 1900, Whole 

no. 489-495. Boston. 

Morse. The Federalist party in Mass. 
to the year 1800. By A. E. Morse. 
Princeton, University library, I'JO'J. 
231 p. 

Naval. Massachusetts commanderv of 
The Naval and Military Order of the 
Spanish American War. Year Book 
no. 5. Boston, 1909. 46 p. 

New. The New England historical and 
<*enealogical register, 1908. Volume 
LXII. Boston, 1908. 394-- 159 p. 

1909. Volume LXIII. Boston, 

1909. 3944-136 p. 

New. Proceedings of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society at the an- 
nual meeting 29th Januarv, 1908. Bos- 
ton, 1908. 90 p. 

27 January, 1909. 80 p. 

Supplements to Apr., 199S and Apr., 1909 nos. 
of the "Register." 

Memorial biographies of the New 

England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Towne memorial fund, Volume IX. lS'JO- 
1897. Boston, 1908. 504 p. 

Vol. I was pub. in 18S J and the present volume 
completes the series, which includes notices of all 
members deceased before 1898. Sinca that date they 
appear re.fularly in the "Register." 

Old. Old South leaflets. Volume VIII' 
196-200. Boston, Directors of the Old 
South work [1908'] 496 p. 

Pown'all. Thomas Pownall, M. P., 
F. R. S., governor of Mass. Bay, author 
of the Letters of Junius. By C. A. W. 
Pownall. London, H. Stevens, son & 
Stiles [1908]. 470 p. 

Prince. Publications of the Prince So- 
ciety. Edward Randolph. Volume VI- 
VII. Boston, 1909. 2 v. 

Being the 30th and 3 1st volumes issued by the 
socie.y. These volumes are edited by A. T. S. Good- 
rick and supplement the .5 volumes on Randolph 
edited by R. N. Toppan for the Society 18 s-l59 l J. 

Societv. Society of Colonial Wars in 
the Commonwealth of Mass. Publica- 
tion No. 9. Boston, 1908. 127 p. 

Yearbook, supplemen' ing that of 1906(Publica 

tion 8.) Series began in lb l J4. 

Who. Who's who in state politics, 1909, 
Boston, Published by Practical politics 
6 Beacon st. f 1909. '340 p. 



64 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Woman's. Journal of the twenty-ninth 
annual convention of the Department 
of Mass. Woman's Relief Corps. Boston, 
1908. 398 p. 

thirtieth annual convention. . . . 

Boston, 1909. 416 p. 

Worcester. Free Public Library, Wor- 
cester. Some references on resorts and 
historic places in Mass. (Its Bulletin, 
June-July, 190S. p. 23-26.) 



LOCAL. 



Andover. Andover vital records, 1654- 
1658. In Ipswich court records. (Essex 
antiquarian, Oct., 1909. v. 13, p. 187- 
188). 

Phillips Academy, Andover. De- 
partment of archaeologv. Bulletin IV. 
1809. 166 p. 

No. I appeared in 1904 

Ashburnham. Vital records of Ash- 
burnham, Mass., to the end of the vear 
1849. Worcester, F. P. Rice, 1909. 
215 p. (Systematic history fund) 

Attleborough. Elijah Fisher's journal 
. . . 1775-17S4. New York, Reprinted 
byW. Abbatt, 1909. 76 p. (Magazine 
of history. Extra number 6). 
First pub. in 1880. 

Barnstable County. See Cape Cod. 

Berkshire County. Colonel John Brown 

of Pittsfield, Mass., the brave accuser of 

Benedict Arnold. By A. M . Howe. Boston, 

W. B. Clark co., 1908. 37 p. 

Contains muster rolls of 3d Berkshire County 

militia in Revolution. 

Beverly. Old Beverly. By Rev. B. R, 
Bulkeley. (New England magazine. 
Aug., 1909. v. 40, p. 649-657.) 

The summer capital. By Mabel T. 

Boardman. (Outlook, Sept. 25, 1909. v. 
93, p. 172-179.) 

Blandford. The taverns and turnpikes 
of Blandford, 1733-1833. Bv S. G. 
Wood. [Blandford] Published by the 
author, 1908. 329 p. 

Boston. Des Acadiens deportes & Boston 
in 1755. (Un episode du grande de- 
rangement.) Par Pascual Poirier. 
Ottawa, 1909. p. 125-180. (Des Me- 
moires de la Societe Royale du Canada, 
vol. II, section 1.) 

Boston, 1915. (National magazine, 

Sept., 1909. v. 30, p. 696-698.) 
A movement to make Boston the finest city on 

earth in 1915. 



Boston. Annual report of the Cemetery 
department for the fiscal vear, 1907- 
1908 and 1908-1909. Boston, Mun: 
printing office, 1908-19U'J. 32+16 p. 

A report of the Record commis- 
sioners, containing Boston births, bap- 
tisms, marriages and deaths, 1630-1699. 
Boston, Municipal printing office, 1908. 
281 p. 
A reprint of no. 9 of "Record commissioners' 

reports" originally pub. in lbb.i. 

Proceedings of the Bostonian Society 

at the annual meeting Jan. 14, 1908. 

Boston, 1908. 82 p. 
The Bostonian Societv publications. 

Vol. 5. Boston, Old State House, 1908. 

149 p. 
Boston's level best; the "1915" 



movement and the work of civic organi- 
zation for which it stands. Bv P. U. 
Kellogg. (The Survey, June o, 1909., 
v. 22, p. 382-396.) 

Boston's street railway system 

By Mitchell Mannering. (National mag- 
zine, Nov., 1909. v. 31, p. 220-225. J 

A collection of interesting and historic 

prints. Boston, State Street trust co., 
[1909]. 46 p. 

Diary of Rev. Samuel Checkley, 1735, 

edited by H. W. Cunningham. Cam- 
bridge, J. Wilson & son, 1909. 271-306 p. 
From Publications of the Colonial Society of 

Mass. v. 12. 

Letters written by a gentleman in 

Boston to his friend in Paris describing 
the great fire, with introductory chap- 
ters and notes by Harold Murdock. 
Boston, Houghton Mimin co., 1909. 
160 p. 

Making Boston over. By O. R. 

Lovejov. (The Survey, Sept. 4, 1909. 
v. 22, p. 764-778.) 

A monumental work of landscape arch- 
itecture : the Metropolitan park system of 
Boston. By Sylvester Baxter. (Archi- 
tectural record,' X. Y., June, 1909. v. 
25, p. 388-399.) 

The new Baedeker. Casual notes of 

an irresponsible traveller. XI: Boston. 
(Bookman, Nov., 1909. v. 30, p. 26b-277.) 

Old Boston days and ways from 

the dawn of the Revolution until the 
town became a city. ... By Mary C. 
Crawford. Boston, Little, Brown & 
co., 1909. 463 p. >inno 

Continuation of her "St. Botolphs. towm. 1903 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



65 



Boston. The story of the old Boston town 
house, 1658-1711. By J. H. Benton. 
Boston, Privately printed, 1908. 213 + 
61 p. 

This week in Boston. Boston, Inno- 
vation pub. co., v. 6—7, 1808; v. 8, Jan.— 
July, 1909. 
v. 1 began in July 1905. 

The transformation of Boston's Xorth 

end. By Mary E. Hall. (Xew Eng- 
land magazine, June, 1909. v. 40, p. 
457-463.) 

Boston. See also Brighton, Charles- 
town, Dorchester. 

Braintree. John Quincy, master of Mount 
Wollaston; provincial statesman. By 
D. M. Wilson. Boston, G. H. Ellis co., 
1909. 84 p. 

Brewster. Our village. By J. C. Lin- 
coln. New York, D. Appleton & co., 
1909. 182 p. 
Reminiscences of boy life in a New England 

seashore village; republished from various periodicals. 

Brighton. Brighton day. Celebration of 
the 100th anniversary of the incorpora- 
tion of the town of Brighton, held on 
Aug. 3, 1907. Boston, Municipal print- 
ing office, 1908. 63 p. 

Bristol County. Abstracts from the 
first book of Bristol County probate 
records. Copied by Mrs. Lucy H. 
Greenlaw. (New England historical and 
genealogical register, Oct., 1909. v. 63, 
p. 327-333. 
Part 9 (1697); first three instalments appeared 

in the Genealogical adverti-er, Dec. 1900-Dec, 1901, 

— later parts in the Register. 

Sowams . . . with ancient records of 

Sowams and parts adjacent. By T. W. 

Bicknell. New Haven. Associated 

publishers of American records, 1908. 

195 p. 
Brookfield. Vital records of Brookfield 

Mass. to the end of the vear 1849. 

Worcester, F. P. Rice, 1909. 549 p. 

(Systematic history fund). 

Brookline. Brookline. Boston, The 
Edison electric illuminating co., 1909. 
28 p. 

— ; — Proceedings of the Brookline Histor- 
ical Society at the annual meeting, Jan- 
uary 22, 1908. Brookline, 1908. 47 p. 

January 26, 1909. Brookline, 1909. 

69 p. 

Annual since 1902. 



Cambridge. Cambridge Historical So- 
ciety. Publications III. Proceedings 
Jan. 28-Oct. 27, 1908. Cambridge, 

1908. 131 p. 

Publications IV. Proceedings 

Jan 26-Oct. 26, 1909. Cambridge, 1909. 
108 p. 

A poem of the olden time describing 

a ball at Cambridge in the vear 1840. 
By Ann G. Storrow. 1909. ' 10 leaves. 

Canton. Canton. Boston, The Edison 
electric illuminating co., 1909. 16 p. 

Cape Cod. The conquest of Cape Cod. 

(Harper's weekly, v. 53, July 17, 1909. 

p. 13.) 
Construction of the Cape Cod canal. 

See also under Brewster. 
Charles River. The improvement of 

the Charles River at Boston. By E. C. 

Sherman. (Scientific American, Feb. 6. 

1909. v. 100, p. 113-114.) 

Charlestown. An impartial and authen- 
tic narrative of the battle fought on the 
17th of June, 1775 ... on Bunker's 
Hill . . . 2d ed. . . . By John Clarke 
. . . London, 1775. New York, Re- 
printed by W. Abbatt, 1909. 27 p. 
(Magazine of history. Extra no. 8.) 

Bunker Hill day; June 17, 

1909 in Charlestown. (Outlook, July 
17, 1909. v. 92, p. 663-664.) 

Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Mon- 
ument Association at the annual meeting 
June 17, 190S. Boston, 1908. 67 p. 

Charlton. See under Southbridge. 
Chatham. A historv of Chatham. By 

W. C. Smith. Hyannis, F. B. & F. P. 

Goss, 1909. 106 p. 
Vol. I; to be followed by others. 

Chelsea. Chelsea. Boston, The Edison 
electric illuminating co., 1909. 28 p. 

The Underwriters' Bureau of Xew 

England. . . . Report no. 118 on the 
Chelsea conflagration of April 12, 1908. 
Boston, Lake view Press, 1908. 30 p. 

Souvenir book of the great Chelsea 

fire, April 12, 1908. Boston, X. E. 
paper and stationery co., 1908. 32 p. 

Cohasset. The genealogies of the fami- 
lies of Cohasset, Mass., compiled under 
the direction of the committee on town 
history. By G. L. and Elizabeth O. 
Davenport. Cohasset, 1909. 631 p. 



%y 



•66 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Concord. Recollections of seventv years. 
By F. B. Sanborn. Boston, ' R. G. 
Badger, 1909. 2 v. 

DANVERS. Vital records of Danvers, Mass. 
to the end of the year 1849. v. I, Births. 
Salem, Essex Institute, 1909. 424 p. 

Dartmouth. Five Johns of old Dart- 
mouth. By W. A. Wing. [1909] 4 p. 
Read before the Old Dartmouth Historical 
Society, June 3, 1909. 

Dedham. Biographical sketch of the 
residents of that part of Dedham. which 
is now Dover, who took part in King 
Philip's war, the last French and Indian 
war and the Revolution. ... By Frank 
Smith. Dover, Printed by the town, 
1909. 88 p. 

Dedham's ancient landmarks and 

their national significance. By E. H. 
Rudd. Dedham, Dedham Transcript 
[1908]. 42 p. 

Diary of John Whiting of Dedham, 

1743-1784. (New England historical 
and genealogical register, Apr.-Julv, 
1909. v. 63, p. 185-192, 261-265.) 

Deerfield. Catalogue of the collection of 
relics in Memorial hall, Deerfield, Mass., 
U. S. A. gathered and preserved by the 
Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association. 
2d edition. Deerfield, 1908. 152 p. 
' First ed. 1886. 

The redeemed captive returning to 

Zion; or The captivity and deliverance of 
Rev. John Williams. Reprinted from 
the 6th .edition. Springfield, The H. R. 
Huntting co., 1908. 212 p. 
First pub. 1707. 

Dorchester. Souvenir program, cele- 
bration, Dorchester Historical Society, 
of the 278th anniversary of the settle- 
ment of Dorchester. [Dorchester, 1908] 
12 p. 

Dover. Biographical sketch of the resi- 
dents of that part of Dedham which is 
now Dover, who took part in King 
Philip's war, the last French and In- 
dian war, and the Revolution ; together 
with the record of those who represented 
Dover in the War of 1812; the War with 
Mexico; the Civil war, and the War with 
Spain. By Frank Smith. Dover, Printed 
by the town, 1909. 88 p. 

Ralph Sanger, A. M., D.D. (A paper 

read before the Dover Historical Society, 
Jan. 2, 1909.) By Frank Smith. [Dover 
1909.] 7 p. 



Dover. The Williams Tavern, Dover, 
Mass., a paper read before the Dover 
Hsitorical Society, [ulv 11, l'.uis. By 
Frank Smith [Dover," 1908.] 7 p. 

Dracut. An old Revolutionary town. 
By E. C. Coburn. (American monthly 
magazine, Oct., L909. v. :i5, p. 979-982 

Dudley. See under SOUTHBRIOCE. 

Essex County. Essex antiquarian. A 
quarterlv magazine. Volume XII. 
Salem, 1908. _'01 p. 

Volume XIII. Salem, 1909. 

202 p. 
This periodical which began in Jan, 1SQ7. has 
definitely ceased publication with the Oct. no Ol 
During its 13 years or lire it printed a genealogical 
dictionary of early Essex Con ty from Abbe to Bro n: 
gravestone inscriptions before LS00 from towns of 
Amesbury to Iosuich. County wills to 1666 abstract 
of Old -Xorrolk County deeds to 1675- Salem and 
Ipswich quarterly court records to 1059, etc.. etc. 

"The Massachusetts Magazine" will continue the 
genealogical dictionary. 



— Annual report of the Essex Institute 
for the vear ending May 4, 1908. Salem, 
1908. 43 p. 
First no. 1899. 

— May 3, 1909. Salem, 1909. 



50 p. 

The Essex Institute historical collec- 
tions. Vol. XLIV-1908. Salem, 1908. 
410 p. 
VoL I. pub. 1859. 

Vol. XLV-1909. Salem, 1909. 

390 p. 

Ipswich court records and files. 

(Essex antiquarian, Oct., 1909. v. 13, 
p. 186-193.) 
Part 7 (1658-1659); began Jan. ,1904, vol. 8. p. 1. 

Old wood engravings, views and 

buildings in the countv of Essex. Salem, 
G. F. Dow, 1908. 14 leaves. 

Seashore of Xew England. Bv H. G. 

Peabody. [Pasadena, Cal., 1908."] 20 p. 

Suffolk County deeds. Volume X. 

(Essex antiquarian, Oct., 1909. v. 13, 
p. 162-164. 
Abstracts of all records in "Suffolk deeds." liber 

X, relating to Essex Countv. The series began with 

liber I in July. 1905, v. 9, p. 97. 

Fall River. The city of the dinner pail. 
By J. T. Lincoln. ' Boston, Houghton 
Mifflin co., 1909. 186 p. 

Fitchburg. Proceedings of the Fitch- 
burg Historical Society and papers relat- 
ing to the history of' the town read by 
some of the members. Volume IV. Fitch- 
burg, 1908. 289 p. - 
Covers vears 1900-06; earlier vols. pub. in 1S95, 

1897 and 1902. 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



67 



Fitchburg. . . . Fitchburg soldiers of the 
Revolution. By J. F. O. Garfield. Fitch- 
burg, 190S. G3 p. 
Reprint from Proceedings of Fitchburg Histor- 
ical Society, v. 4." 

Gloucester. Gloucester, Mass. [Glou- 
cester, 1909]. 48 p. 
Prepared under the direction of the Board of 
trade. 

Report of the field-day trip to Glou- 
cester. By E. B. Crane. (Worcester 
Society of Antiquity. Proceedings, 1908 
v. 23, p. 153-160.) 
Groton*. Colonel William Prescott and 
Groton soldiers in the battle of Bunker 
Hill. Bv S. A. Green. Cambridge, J. 
Wilson & son, 1909. 10 p. 

■ Early mile-stones leading from Boston 

and early mile-stones at Groton. By 
S. A. Green. Cambridge, J. Wilson & 
son, 1909. 27 p. 
Reprinted from Proceedings of the Mass. His- 
torical Society. 

Slavery at Groton in colonial times. 

By S. A. Green. (Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society. Proceedings 1909. 3d ser. 
v. 2, p. 196-202.) 

Three historical addresses at Groton. 

By S. A. Green. With an appendix. 
Groton, 1908. 181 p. 
Delivered July 4, 1S76, Feb 

12, 1905. Also pub. separately. 



County. See 



Hampden 

FIELD. 

Hampshire County 
shire Countv to 
Sept. 28, 1693. 



20, 1880 and July 
under Sprixg- 



Letter from Hamp- 
Connecticut Colony, 
Signed by Solomon 
Stoddard and 13 others. (New England 
historical and genealogical register, July, 
1909. v. 63, p. 299.) 

Harvard. Ancestral homesteads in Amer- 
ica. Still River. By Laura A. Brown. 
(Journal of American history. 3d quarter 
1909. v. 3, p. 405-408.) 

Hopedale. A Mass. garden spot. By 
G. S. Johnson. (New England magazine, 
July, 1909. v. 41, p. 607-613.) 

Hyde Park. Hyde Park historical 
record. Volume VI-1908. W. A. 
Mowry, editor. Hvde Park, Hyde Park 
Historical Society,' 1908. 64 p.' 

v. 1-2, four nos. each, appeared in 1891-2 and 



1892-3. respectively. 
1903, 1904 and 1905. 



v. 3-5, a single no. each, in 



Ipswich. Ipswich 
cemetery. Dates 
antiquarian, Oct. 
158.) 



inscriptions,- South 

prior to 1800. (Essex 

1909. v. 13, p. 156- 



Leicester. History- of'the Second Con- 
gregational Church and society in Leices- 
ter. By C. VanD. Chenoweth. [Wor 
ter] Printed for the Societv, 1908. 
199 p. 

Littleton. Proceedings of the Littleton 
Historical Societv. Xo. 3, 190S. Little- 
ton, 1908. 10 p. 
No. 1. (186 p.) pub. in 1S96; no. 2 (7 p.) 1906 

Lynn. Lynn in the Revolution. Com- 
piled from notes gathered by H. K. San- 
derson. Boston, W. B. Clarke co., 1909. 
2 v. 

The Lynn review. By Edwin W. 

Ingalls. 10th vear. no. 1—12, Nov., 
1907-Oct., 1908.' and 11th vear, no. 1-12, 
Nov., 1908-Oct., 1909. 

Marblehead. Glover's Marblehead regi- 
ment in the war of the Revolution. By 
F. A. Gardner. Salem, Salem Press co., 
[1908.] 25 p. 

Reprint from Massachusetts magazine. 

Part of Marblehead in 1700, with 

plan. Bv Sidnev Perlev. (Essex anti- 
quarian, Oct., 1909. v. 13, p. 175.) 

Marlborough. First records of Marl- 
borough, Mass. Worcester, F. P. Rice, 
1909. 47 p. (Systematic history fund.) 

Contains first 30 oages of the Proprietors' great 
book of records, 1656-1665; also table of contents 
of the entire book. 

Reprinted from New England historical and 
genealogical register July, 190S>-July, 1909. The re- 
print has also a 2d title "Colonial records of Marl- 
borough, Mass. Copied bv Marv E. Spalding for 
Frankiin P. Rice. Boston', N. E. JLG. Society, 1909. 

Vital records of Marlborough, Mass., 

to the end of the vear, 1849. Worcester, 
F. P. Rice, 1908. 404 p. (Systematic 
history fund.) 

Mattapoisett. An account of the 50th 
anniversary of the incorporation of the 
town of Mattapoisett. Mass.. August 
18-24,1907. New Bedford, 1908. 74 p. 

Medford. The First parish in Medford. 
By Rev.H. C. DeLong. (Medford his- 
torical register, Oct., 1909. v. 12, p. 73- 
82.) 

Medford historical register. Vol. XI, 

1908. Pub. by the Medford Historical 
Society. Medford. 9G p. 

Vol. XII. 1909. . . 96 p. 



Quarterly. 

— The old Roval house. By Helen T. 
Wild. Salem,' Salem press co., 1908. 
8 p. 

Reprint from Massachusetts magazine. 



68 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Medford. Sarah Bradlee-Fultori chapter, 
D. A.R. By Eliza M. Gill. (American 
monthly magazine, Sept., 1909. v, 35, 
p. 637-638.) 

Methuen. Vital records of Methuen, 
Mass. to the end of the year, 1849. Tops- 
field, Topsfield Historical Society, 1909. 
345 p. 

Middleborough. Xemasket chapter, 
D.A.R. By Charlotte E. Ellis, historian. 
(American monthlv magazine, Sept., 
1909. v. 35, p. 635-637.) 

Milton. Milton. Boston, Edison electric 
illuminating co., 1909. 16 p. 

Milton on the Xeponset. By D. 

Elfleda Chandler. (New England maga- 
zine, Nov., 1909. v. 41, p. 291-304.) 

Third annual report of Milton His- 



' torical Society, incorporated 11th Jan- 
uary, 1905. 8 p. 

For year June. 1907-May, 1908. 
Tax rates of Milton 1674-1800. By 



J. A. Tucker. Milton, The Milton rec- 
ord, 1908. 15 p. 

Nantucket. Proceedings of the Nan- 
tucket Historical Association. Four- 
teenth annual meeting, July 21st, 1908. 
Waltham, 1908. 47 p. 

Fifteenth annual meeting, July 

21st, 1909. Waltham, 1909. 60 p. 
Pub. annually since 4th meeting 1898: Proceed- 
ings of 1st to 3d meetings 1895-97, issued in a single 
pamphlet 1907. 

Natick. The historical collections of the 
Historical, Natural History and Library 
Society of South Natick. Vol. I, 1909. 
South Natick, 1909. 95 p. 

Newbury. Newbury vital records, 1657- 
1658 from Ipswich court files. (Essex 
antiquarian, Oct.," 1909. v. 13, p. 187.) 

Newburyport. History of Newburyport, 

Mass., 1764-1909. By J. J. Currier. 

Volume II. Xewburvport, Printed for 

the author, 1909. 679 p. 
v. I was pub. 1906. 
Newton. Newton. Boston, The Edison 

electric illuminating co., 1909. 28 p. 
The Newtons. By F. W. Burrows. 

(New England magazine, Jan., 1909. v. 

39, p. 549-563.) 
Old Lower Falls and its church. By 

T. C. Cole. (New England magazine, 

Nov., 1909. v. 41, p. 349-354.) 

The town crier. New series, vol. V. 



no. 1-52. Oct., 1907-Sept., 1908. 



Newton. — new series, vol. VI, no. 

1-52. Oct., 1908-Sept., 1909. 

First series. 5 vols. Sept.. ISjS to Sept.. 1903; 
new series be^an Sept., lOO.'j. 

Norton'. Almon Danforth II odges and 
his neighbors. Anautobiographical sketch 

of a tvpical old New Englander. Boston, 
Privately printed. 1909. 353 p. 
Papes 29'-86. 308-321 relate to the author's birth- 
place, Norton. 

Peabodv. Lexington monument by 
Thomas Carroll, with the Twelfth an- 
nual report of the Peabodv Historical 
Society, 1907-1908. Peabody, 1909. 

21 p. 

First report. 1897-98. 

Capt. Samuel Flint and William 

Flint by D. W. King, with the Thirteenth 
annual report of the Peabodv Historical 
Societv, 1908-1909. Peabody, 1909. 

22 p.' 

Revolutionary soldiers of Danvers (now Peabody) 
p. 17-21. 

Pembroke. The First church in Pem- 
broke, 1708-1908. By H. \Y. Litch- 
field. Pembroke, Printed for the parish 
by G. E. Lewis, 1908. 21 p. 

Plymouth. Annual field day of society 
at Plymouth. By Walter Davidson. 
(Worcester Society of Antiquity. Pro- 
ceedings, 1909. v. 24, p. 169-178.) 

Guide to historic Plymouth. Locali- 
ties and obiects of interest. Plvmouth, 
A. S. Burbank, [1908]. 96 p. 

Plymouth Colony. The Mayflower de- 
scendant ; an illustrated quarterly maga- 
zine. . . . 1908. Volume N. Boston, 
Mass. Societv of Mayflower Descendants, 
1908. 305 p. 

Collections of the Old Colony Histori- 
cal Societv, no. 7. Taunton, 1909. 
239 p. 

Pub. irregularly; no. 1 appeared in 1878. 

Our Plymouth forefathers, the real 

founders of our republic. Bv C. S. 
Hanks. Boston, D. Estes & co., [1908], 
339 p. 

The Pilgrim fathers; and their church 

and colonv. Bv Winnifred Cockshott, 
London, Methuen & co. [1909]. 34S p. 

Quincy. See Braintree. 

Raynham. Raynham recollections. By 
Mary E. Lincoln. (.Magazine of history, 
Aug., 1909. v. 10, p. 86-93.) 

Rockland. The story of Rockland. By 
C. M. Rockwood. (New England maga- 
zine, Dec, 1909. v. 41, p. 455-466.; 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



69 



Rowley. Rowley vital records, 1658, 
from Ipswich court files. (Essex anti- 
quarian, Oct., 1909. v. 13, p. 188-189.) 

Rutland. Col. John Murray and his 
family. By B. W. Potter. '(Worcester 
Society of Antiquity. Proceedings, 1908. 
v. 24, p. 15-34.) 

Salem. First Quaker meeting house in 
Salem. (Essex antiquarian, Oct., 1909. 
v. 13, p. 145-146.) 

New England's plantation, with the 

sea journal and other writings. By 
Rev. Francis Higginson. Salem, Essex 
book and print club, 1908. 132 p. 
First published in 1630. 

The ships and sailors of old Salem. 

By R. D. Paine. Xew York, Outing 
pub. co., 1909. 693 p. 

First pub. as a serial in Outing, Jan., 1908-Apr., 
1909. 

— The spectator in Salem. (Outlook, 

Nov. 20, 1909. v. 93, p. 622-624.) 

Scituate. Scituate Massachusetts Second 
church records (in abstract) 1645-1850. 
With interleaves for corrections and 
additions [Reprinted from Xew England 
historical and genealogical register.] 
Boston, W. J. Litchfield, 1909. 110 p.. 

Vital records of Scituate, Mass to 

the year 1850. Boston, Xew England 
Historic Genealogical Society, 1909. 2 v. 

Sharon. Sharon. Boston, The Edison 
electric illuminating co., 1909. 12 p. 

Vital records of Sharon, Mass. to the 

year 1850. Compiled by Thomas W. 
Baldwin. Boston, 1909. 193 p. 
Uniform with -series authorized by the state and 

pub. by various societies. 

Shirley. Farm life a century ago ; a paper 

read ... by Ethel S. Bolton. Privately 

printed, 1909. 24 v. 
Somerville. Somerville. Boston, The 

Edison electric illuminating co., 1909. 

32 p. 

Southbridge. Leaflets of the Quina- 
baug Historical Society, as pub. by the 
Society, devoted to the local history of 
Southbridge, Sturbridge, Dudley and 
Charlton. Vol. 2, no. 1-6. 
Publication began in 1902; vol. 1, containing 25 

nos. 

Spencer. Historical sketches relating to 
Spencer, Mass., by H. M. Tower, v. 4. 
Spencer. W. J. Hefferman, printer, 
1909. 234 p. 

First volume pub. in 1901; the present volume 
appears five years after compiler's death. 



Spexcer. Vital records of Spencer, Mass. 
to the end of the vear 1849. Worcester, 
F. P. Rice, 1909. 276 p. (Systematic 
history fund.) 

Springfield. The history of Springfield 
in Mass,, for the young, being also some 
part of the history of other towns and 
cities in the county of Hampden. By 
C. H. Barrows, Springheld, Connec- 
ticut - Vallev Historical Society, 1909. 
166 p. 

Sturbridge. See under Southbridge. 

Sudbury. The Wayside Inn. By Esther 
Singleton. (American homes and gardens 
N. Y. Aug., 1909. v. 6. p. 322-326.) 

Tauxtox. An early settler of Taunton. 
[Nicholas MooreyJ By J. E. Crane. 
(Old Colony Historical Societv. Collec- 
tions, 1909. Xo. 7, p. 135-141.) 

The two settlements of Taunton. 

By J. E. Crane. (Old Colony Historical 
Societv. Collections, 1909. Xo. 7 p. 
106-134.) 

Topsfield. The historical collections of 
the Topsfield Historical Societv. Vol. 
XIII, 1908. Topsfield, 1908. 168 p. 
Vol. I was pub. 1895. 

Topsfield vital records, 1645-1658, 

from Ipswich court files. (Essex anti- 
quarian, Oct., 1909. v. 13, p. 188.) 

Walpole. Walpole. Boston, The Edi- 
son electric illuminating co., 1909. 12 p. 

Waltham. Waltham. Boston, The Edi- 
son electric illuminating co., 1909. 28 p. 

Watertowx. Historical Society of Water- 
town, Mass. Revised 1908. Boston, 

1908. 30 p. 

Original edition "By-laws of the Historical So- 
ciety of Watertown, with a list of . . . members 1693," 

Wexham. Town of Wenham. Mass. 
Sunday afternoon, Oct. 25, 1908 . . . 
order of exercises in connection with the 
unveiling of a memorial tablet erected 
by the town near the site of "Peter's 
Hill." [Beverlv, Enterprise printing 
co., 1908.] 36 p. 

Weymouth. Diaries of Rev. William 
Smith and Dr. Cotton Tufts, 1738-17S4. 
(Mass. Historical Societv. Proceedings 

1909. 3d ser. v. 2, p. 444-478.) 

Wixchexdox. Vital records of Win- 
chendon, Mass., to the end of the vear 
1849. Worcester, F. P. Rice, 1909. 
223 p. (Systematic history fund.) 



70 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Woburn. Woburn. Boston, The Edison 
. electric illuminating co., 1909. 24 p. 

Worcester. Abstracts of early Worces- 
ter land titles from the records of Middle- 
sex County. (Worcester Society of 
Antiquity. Proceedings 1908-1909. v. 
24, p. 50-72, 114-168, 247-295.) 

Parts 2-4r series began in Proceedings 1907, v. 
22, p. 184. Worcester and many other towns of 
present Worcester Countv were parts of Middlesex 
and Suffolk till 1731. 

Dedication of the statue of Hon. 

George Frisbie Hoar, Worcester, June 
26, 1908. [Worcester, Belisle printing 
and publishing co., 1909?] 62 p. 

Issued by the Trustees of the George F. Hoar 

memorial fund. 

The furniture of the olden time, 

especially that owned in Worcester. 
By Mrs. Charles Xutt. (Worcester 
Society of Antiquity. Proceedings, 1908. 
v. 24, p. 36-49.) 



— Nobility Hill. By C. A. Chase. 
(Worcester Society of Antiquity. Pro- 
ceedings. 1909. v. 24, p. 231-246.) 

A United States military hospital in 

Worcester, 1864-1865. (Worcester So- 
ciety of Antiquity. Proceedings, 1908. 
v. 23, p. 10-25.) 



Worcester. Worcester, England and 
Worcester, Mass. By S. S. Green. 
Worcester Press of F. S. Blanchard & 
co., 1908. 40 p. 

The Worcester magazine, devoted to 

good citizenship and municipal develop- 
ment. Vol. XI, 1908. Pub. by the 
Board of Trade. Worcester, 1908'. 

Proceedings of the Worcester Society 



of Antiquitv for the vear 1907. Vol. 
XXIII. Worcester, 190S. no. 1-4, 
275 p. 
v. I (called Collections) pub. 1881. 

forthe year 1908. Vol.'XXIV. 

Worcester, 1908. 307 p. 

Worcester County. Abandoned roads. 
By S. G. Morley. (New England maga- 
zine, Oct. 1909. v. 41, p. 183-188.) 
Northern Worcester County. 

Master minds at the commonwealth's 

heart. By P. H. Epler. Worcester, 
F. S. Blanchard & co., 1909. 317 p. 
"Ten great lives in the zone of inventive genius." 

Wrentham. First declarations of inde- 
pendence. Ancient document by Joseph 
Hawes at Wrentham. (Journal of Amer- 
ican history, 2d quarter, 1909. v. 3, p. 
247-248.) 



p 



LUCIE MARION GARDNER, A.B., Editor 



Essex was the first county settled in the Ma^aehu,-ett* Bav Colonv and «11 *h*M«.ki „/ ,..i \t v. .. , 

found in the, probate, court and town records of thiTco'uTty prior U >\Z ?r2t ■ i^J-i i ".— *»tf." rt-.l" f » ,nil,M 

md arrange*] genealogical!'; when possible. 



and published here in alphabetical form. 



DESCENDANTS OF ROBERT 
BUFFUM. 

Robert Buffum 1 was in Salem as 
early as 1638. It has been supposed 
by some that he came from York- 
shire. He was a farmer ,and trader 
dealing especially in garden seeds, 
which latter business his wife carried 
on after his death. He was an ardent 
member of the Society of Friends and 
he and his family suffered much in 
consequence. The whole controversy 
between the Puritans and Quakers 
was most unfortunate and then, as 
frequently happens, persecution re- 
sulted in greater excesses on both 
sides until deeds were done which 
neither party would have dreamed of 
in periods of less excitement. The 
appearance upon the street of Deb- 
orah, Robert Buflum's daughter, in 
scanty clothing and the punishment 
which was inflicted upon her in con- 
sequence are examples of the excesses 
committed on both sides. Robert 
Buffum was discharged from training 
20:12:1649. 

His house lot was on the south- 
western corner of the present Essex 
and Boston streets in Salem and the 
locality has ever since been known as 
"Buflum's corner." The land was 
probably granted to him by the town 
very early. Mrs. Rebecca Bacon, 
whose will was proved 29 : 9 : 1665, calls 
him "Brother Buffum" in the docu- 
ment and names him as assistant to 
her son, Isaac Bacon, as executor. 



Robert Buffum died August 6, 1669, 
and was buried in the Gardner Bury- 
ing Ground. This ground was located 
on a hill which was cut down when 
Grove street in Peabody was laid out. 
The stone then standing was re- 
erected in the triangle in Harmony 
Grove Cemetery, near the Walnut 
street entrance. This rude granite 
stone, marked R. B., which stood at 
his grave is in this triangle at present. 
This is said to be the only monument 
standing which was erected to the 
memory of the early Quakers. 

Letters of administration were 
granted to the widow 2:10:1669. 
Felt states that he made a will which 
was not allowed as the witnesses 
would not swear, but would only tes- 
tify to its correctness. His widow 
Tamazin's will was dated May 10, and 
probated at Boston June 11, 16SS. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

2 — i. Sarah 3 , m. William Bean, car- 
penter. They lived in the old 
homestead at Buflum's or 
Bean's corner. Adm. was 
granted on his estate June 30, 
1715- She survived him. 

3— ii. Joshua 2 , b. 2-22-1G35. See be- 
low (3). 

4 — in. Deborah 3 , m. Salem 12-6 mo., 
1658 Robert Wilson. He was 
a soldier in King Philip's war 
and was killed at Deerfield 
Sept. 18, 1G75. She died the 
same year. 

5 — iv. Margaret 2 , m. John Smith. 
She died 1-11-1678. He died 
1680. 



72 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



6 — v. Lydia 2 , b. Feb. 19, 1644: m. Salem 
26-6mo., 1604, John Hill. John 
Hill's first wife was Miriam 
Gardner, daughter of Thomas 
Gardner, the Planter. John 
Hill died about 16S0. Will 
dated 9 mo. She m. 2nd, 
before 16SS George Locker. 
She died 1718. 

7 — vi. Mary 2 , b. about 164S; m. 22-7 
mo., 1673, Jeremiah Neal, son 
of John and Mary (Lawes) 
Neal. This was his second mar- 
riage. He was baptized in 
Salem 18-11 mo. 1645. Died 
Salem about July, 1722. She 
died before 1707. 

8 — vii. Caleb 2 , b. 7-29, 1650. See below (8). 



Joshua Buffum 2 , b. 2:22:16,35. 
He was a builder of vessels and lived 
in Salem. He m. Damarice Pope, dau. 
of Joseph and Gertrude Pope. She 
was baptized Feb. 22, 1643. They 
lived on the north side of what is 
now Boston street, a short distance 
east of the present Fowler street. 
This lot was a part of his father's 
original grant. In 165S he was sent 
to the House of Correction in Boston 
for being a Quaker, and March 11, 
1659, he was banished as a Quaker 
on pain of death. He returned and 
was a resident of Salem in 1678. He 
died in that town in 1705. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

9 — i. Joshua. 3 See below (9). 

10 — II. Damaris 3 , m. John Ruck. 

11 — in. Mary 3 . 

12 — iv. Samuel 3 , m. Anne A called 

also Ameh and Amy. He re- 
moved to Newport, R. I., before 
March 14, 1708-9. He was a 
cooper by trade. 

8 

Caleb Buffum 2 , born in Salem 7: 
29:1650, was a husbandman and lived 
in Salem. He m. Hannah Pope dau. 
of Joseph and Gertrude Pope, Salem, 



26 Mar. 1672. She was baptized 26: 
(1) 164S. They lived on the northern 
corner of Boston and Essex streets m 
Salem, the .land being a part of the 
original grant to Robert Buftum. 
He was one of the grantees of the 
Quaker Meeting House lot Oct. 13, 
1690. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

13—i. Caleb 3 . See below (13). 

14 — ii. Tamosin- 3 , m. 1704 Lawrence 

Southwick, son of Daniel and 

Esther (Boyce) Southwick. He 

was born 1664 and died 1717-8. 

15 — in. Robert 3 , b. 1-10 mo. 1G75. See 

below (15). 
16 — iv. Hannah 3 , m. before 1713:5-7th 
day John Osborne, 2nd son of 
John and Hannah (Buxton) 
Osborne. 
17 — v. Benjamin 3 . See below (17). 
IS — vi. Jonathan 3 . See below (18). 

9 

Joshua Buffum 3 , yeoman, of Sa- 
lem, m. 1st. • ; m. 2d. Hannah 

Pope, wid. of Eleazer Pope. She was 
b. at Buffington. Joshua lived in a 
house on the northern side of what is 
now Boston street. The house was 
left to him by his father in 1705. He 
was part owner of Trask's mill in 
1730. His will dated Dec, 10, 1760, 
was probated Feb. 22, 1762. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

19 — i. Joshua 4 . See below (19). 

20 — ii. Mary 4 , b. July 8, 1723; m. Mar. 
27, 1746 Stephen Pope, son of 
Eleazer and Hannah (Buffing- 
ton) Pope. Stephen Pope died 
Oct. 9, 1765. She died Julv, 
1788. 

21— in. Lydia 4 , b. Oct. 10, 1726; m. Enos 
Pope, son of Enos and Mar- 
garet (Smith) Pope. He was 
born in Salem Sept. IS. 1721; 
d. Mar. 12, 1813. She died Oct. 
15, 1781. 

22 — iv. Damaris 4 , d. spinster. Will dated 
Sept. 8, 1781. 

23 — v. Abigail 4 , m. Reed. 

24 — vi. Elizabeth 4 , m. Buxton. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



73 



13 

Caleb Buffum 3 , b. Salem May 14, 

1673; m, Mary , who lived as 

late as 1747, at least. He died before 
1730. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

25 — i. Mary', b. July 5, 1705 in Salem; 

m. in Salem Nov. 23, 1727, 

Thomas Nichols, blacksmith. 
26 — II. Caleb 4 , b. Salem, June 22, 1710. 

Removed to Newport, R. I.; 

was of Salem in 1742 ; died prob- 
• ably without issue 1744. 
27 — in. Joshua 4 , b. Salem. Oct. 15, 1713. 

See below (27). 
28 — iv. Hannah 4 , b. Salem about 1716. 
29 — v. Samuel 4 , b. Salem 1721. See 

below (29). 

15 

Robert Buffum 3 , b. Salem, 1: 
10 mo. 1675, was a blacksmith. He 
m. 1st Elizabeth Farrar daughter of 
Thomas, deceased. Intention of mar- 
riage recorded in Lvnn May 4, 1700. 
She died June 23, l'702. He m. 2nd 
Sarah Blanev, dau. of John of Lynn 

20: 10: 1703; m. 3rd Susannah . 

She was probably the Susannah Buf- 
fum, widow, who died about 1775. 
He died about August, 1746. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

30—1. (Hanxah 4 , b. Aug. 9, 1701; d. 
June 28, 1702. 

31—11. Sarah 4 , b. Oct. 4, 1704; d. Nov. 
22, 1704. 

32 — in. Sarah 4 , m. intention in Marble- 
head, Oct. 7, 1727 to Daniel 
Needham. 

33 — iv. James 4 , was a hatter. He prob- 
ably never married; d. Salem 
about 1766. 

34— v; Robert 4 , b. June 12, 1709. 

35 — -vi. Joseph 4 , b. Feb. 23, 1711. See be- 
low (35). 

36 — vn. Elizabeth 4 , b. Dec. 4, 1713; d. 
Nov. 26, 1714. 

37—vni. Elizabeth*, b. 1717-18; m. Eben- 
ezer Pope, son of Samuel and 
Sarah (Estes) Pope. He was 
born 1719-20. 



17 

Ben-jamix Buffum 3 . b. Salem, was 
a blacksmith; m. Elizabeth Buxton, 
dau. of Joseph Buxton. They re- 
moved to Smithtield, R. I., in 'l7:]'J. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

38—1. Elizabeth 4 , b. 120: 4 mo., 1709. 
39 — ii. Hannah', b. 1: 7 mo., 1711. 
40 — in. Esther 4 , b. 16: 7 mo., 1714. 
41 — iv. Joseph 4 , b. 20:7 mo., 1717;m. Mar. 

29, 1737, Margaret , Osborn, 

daughter of William Osborn. 

Thev removed to R. I. about 

1755. 
42 — v. Lydia 4 , b. 26: 5 mo., 1722. 
43 — vi. Benjamin 4 , b. lo: 1 mo., 1725. 
44— vii. Rachel', 24: 10 mo., 1727. 

18 

Jonathan Buffum 3 , b. Salem; m. 

1st Mercy ; m. 2d Mary ■ — . 

He died abt. 1729. His widow, Mary, 
m. John Southwick3rd, son of Daniel 
Southwick. She died May 12, 1790. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

1713; d. 



40 — I. 

46—n. 
47 — in. 
48— iv. 

49— v. 

50 — vi. 



Jonathan 4 , b. Dec. 

Dec. 8, 1713. 
Mercy 4 . 

Deborah 4 , b. Feb. 1, 1716-17. 
Jonathan 4 , b. Sept. 16, 1719. See 

below (48). 
Mary 4 . She was under 14 years 

of age in 1729. 
Mehitable\ She was under 14 

years of age in 1729. She was 

a spinster in April, 1749. 

19 



Joshua Buffum 4 , b. Salem, was a 

fisherman or mariner; m. 1st ; m. 

2nd, March 2, 1760, in Salem. Rachel, 
widow of William Bean. She was 
born Rachel Bassett, and m. her 1st 
husband in Salem Sept. 2, 1739. 
Joshua died abt. 176\S. 

Children, b. in Salem: — 
61 — i. Jane 5 , m. Amos Mason of Swan- 

sev, Bristol Co. 
52 — ii. Joshua 5 , b. about 1752. He was 
a mariner. 



74 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



53 — in. Abigail 5 , b. about 1755; m. before 
1775, Benjamin Symonds, son 
of James. 

54 — iv. Samuel 5 . See below (54) 

27 

Joshua Buffum 4 , b. in Salem Oct. 
15, 1713. He was a cordwainer. He 
m. Dec. 8, 1743, Sarah Lester. He 
removed to Berwick, Me., about 
1743-4. 

Child, born probably in Berwick, 
Me.:— 

55 — I. SaxMuel 5 , b. June, 1744. See below 
(55). 

29 

Samuel Buffum 4 , b. Salem 1721, 
was a glazier. He m. Lucretia Derby, 
dau. of Roger and Lydia (Buxton) 
Derby. He was of Berwick, Me., in 
1743, but returned to Salem in 1744. 
He died before 17S2. His wife died 
about 1815. Will proved July 4, 1815. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

56 — i. ILucretia 5 , b. Oct. 31, 1750; m. 

Zachariah Collins. She d. in 

Lynn, Nov. 25, 1801. 
57 — ii. Lydia 5 , b. Oct., 1762; m. Salem 

Nov. 4, 1781 Jedediah Johnson. 

She d. Nov., 1793. 

35 

Joseph Buffum 4 , b. Salem, Feb. 23» 
1711-2, was a blacksmith. He was 
allowed "to erect an engine for 
weighing hay." June 1, 1773, several 
years after his death, this "engine" 
was damaged by lightning. He mar- 
ried . 

Children, born in Salem: — 
58 — i. Robert 5 , was a tailor; m. before 

1773, Rachel . 

59 — ii. Isaac 5 , b. about 1737. See below 

(59). 
60 — in. Elizabeth 5 , m. Daniel SouthwiGk. 
61 — iv. Joseph 5 , b. before 1749; black- 
smith; m. Jane , she m. 

2nd Joseph Wadleigh of Ken- 
sington, N. H. Joseph d. 
before 1786. 



62 — v. Eunice 5 , b. before 1749. 
63 — vi. Susannah 5 , b. after 17; I. 

48 
Jonathan Buffum*, was born in 
Salem Sept. 16, 1719. He was a tailor 
by trade. His grandfather, Caleb 
Buffum. bequeathed to him while he 
was still a minor, the homestead on 
the northern corner of what is now 
Essex and Boston streets. He m. 

Sarah . His death occurred in 

1793. 

Children, born in Salem: — 
64 — i. Caleb 5 , b. about 1759; d. Salem 
June 25, 1847, aged 88; no evi- 
dence is found that he ever 
married. 
65 — ii. Jonathan 5 . See below (65). 
66 — in. Peace 5 , b. about 1764; d. Salem 
Dec. 30, 1850, aged 80 years. 
She never married. 

54 

Samuel Buffum 5 of Salem was a 
sailmaker. He married Nancy Lane. 
67 — i. Joshua 8 , d. Lynn 1867 aged 53 
yrs. 8 mos. 

55 

Samuel Buffum 5 , b. near Buffum's 
Corner, Salem, in June, 1744, was a 
sailmaker. He married June 26, 
1771, Anne Stow of St. John's. New- 
foundland. He died in May, ISIS. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

68 — i. Nancy 6 , m. Osborn; wid. in 

1825. 
69 — ii. Sarah L., fl b. about 1784; d. 

Salem, Nov. 12, 1S66 aged 82 

yrs. 9 mos. 
70 — in. John, 6 prob. d. before 1S25. 
71 — iv. William 8 , m. Salem March 14, 

1810 Frances K. Milod. He 

was a trader or tailor. 
72 — v. Henry 8 , prob. d.' before 1S25. 

59 
Isaac Buffum 5 , b. Salem abt. 1737, 

m. Eunice , d. Salem March 10, 

1830, aged 93. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



75 



73 — L Sarah 8 , d. Salem Mar. 22, 1844. 
aged 70 years. 

74 — ii. Ezekiel, b. about 1722; m. Sarah 

in 1S37. He d. Salem, 

Aug. 9, 1843 aged 71. He lived 
at 63 Boston St. 

65 

Jonathan Buffum 5 was born in 
Salem. He was a yeoman. He mar- 
ried, according to the Friend's Re- 
cords 28:4 m: 1778, Anna Purington, 
daughter of James Purington, cord- 
wainer. She died in Salem, Feb. 5, 
1842, aged 87 years. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

75 — i. Mercy 6 , m. Salem 23-10 mo. 1800 
John Alley, son of John and, 
Sarah Allev, deceased. She died 
Oct, 29, 1862 aged 83 yrs. 6 mos. 
24 days. 

76—11. IsRAEL 6 ,m.aboutl9:10:lS00 Ruth 
Oliver, daughter of Henry 
and Ruth Oliver, deceased. 
Israel lived in Lynn. He was 
a cordwainer and d. Lynn Apr. 
9, 1874 aged 87 vrs." 2 mos. 
She d. Aug. 3, 1866 aged 76 
yrs. 2 mos. 

77 — in. Anna 6 , m. William Frve. 

78— iv. William 6 , b. about Mar. 1782. 
He was a tanner; d. Salem Jan. 
12, 1855 aged 72-10/12 yrs. 
He m. Mary Chase, daughter 
of Jonathan and Martha. She 
was born in Swansev about 
1790. She d. Salem' Dec. 8, 
1846 aged 56 vears. 

79 — v. Edward 6 , b. about 17S4. He 
was a chaise and harness maker. 
He m. Sybil Chase, daughter of 
Jonathan and Martha Chase. 
She d. Salem July 24, 1852 
aged 58$ vears. He d. Apr. 
28, 1862" aged 77 $ years. 

80 — vi., Jonathan 6 , lived in Lynn. He 
was a painter. He m. 15-5 mo. 
1816 Hannah Breed, dau. of 
James and Hannah Breed, b. 
Lynn about 1798; d. Lvnn Mar. 
17, 1880 aged 82 yrs.' 11 mos. 
3 days. 

81 — vii. Mary C 6 . b. about 1815; m. Cin- 
tention) Salem Feb. 16, 1842 
Joseph M. Fuller, son of Joseph 



and Eunice Fuller. He died 
Lynn, Aug. 10, 1871 aged 69 
yrs 7 mos. 21 days. She died 
Lynn Oct. 20, 1865 aged 50 
yrs. 8 mos. 9 days. 



NOTES. 

Elizabeth Buffum and Enoch Good- 
ale, married Feb. 6, 1746. 

— Salem Records. 

Ann Buffum died April 17. 1S2S, 
aged SI years. — Salem Records. 

Widow Buffum. Her daughter-in 
law was buried March 19, 1807, aged 
61. — Private Records, Salem. 

Widow Sarah Buffum died March 
15, 1S26 aged 69 years. Funeral 
from the house of Jonathan Vale, 
Broad street. — Salem Register. 

Elizabeth Buffum, daughter of 
Joshua, born 6:9mo:1703. 

— Lynn Church, R. I 

Mercy Buffum, born Apr. 5, 1779. 
— Lynn Probate Records, 55. 

Anna Buffum married Daniel Grif- 
fen Aug. 2, 1726. 

— Ipswich Town Records, 



BUGBEE NOTES 

Capt. Hiram Bugbee, master of 
brig Eschol of Beverly in 1S66. 

— Essex Institute Hist. Col. v. XV, 
p. 182. 

BUGG NOTES 

Elizabeth Bugg and Jeremiah 
Jewett, both of Ipswich married at 
Beverly, Jan. 21, 172S-9. She was 
his second wife. He was the son of 
Jeremiah and Sarah (Dickinson) 
Jewett. He was born Dec. 20, 1062 
and died at Ipswich, Feb. 15, 1731-2. 

Mary Bugg and Capt. Anthony 
Atwood of Ipswich, published Oct. 
8, 1715. 



76 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Ester Bugg died Sept. S, 1755. 

Martha Bugg, widow died -May 27, 
1729. — Ipswich Town Records. 

John Bugg, bachelor died Sept. 14, 
1749 aet. above SO years. 

— Rowley Town Reocrds. 



BUGIN NOTE 

Sarah Bugin of Ipswich, published 
to John Stanwood of Xewburvport, 
Nov. 22, 1776. 

— Newbu rypo rt Record . 



BUGGY NOTE 



Timothy Buggy enlisted Aug. 4, 
1781 as a private in Captain Simon 
Larned's Co., Col. William Shepard's 
Regiment Jr. three years' service. 
— Mass. S. and S. of Rev. War, Vol. 
II, p. 776. 

BUINS NOTE 

Andrew Buins, son of Edward and 
Mary; died Apr. 13, 1747. 

— Andover Record. 



DESCENDANTS OF JEREMIAH 
BULFINCH. 

Jeremiah Bulfixch of Lynn, mar- 
ried first Julv 22, 1787, Mrs. Rebecca 
Cheever. She died Nov. 23, 1804 aet. 
46 years. He married second, Hannah 
Newhall, March 19, 1807. She died 
March 26, 1839 aet. 58 years. 
' Children : 
2—1. Rebecca, b. June 23, 1788. She 
m. Timothy Cogshall, Mar. 5, 
1810. 
3 — ii. Sukey, b. Dec. 1, 1789. 
4 — in. John, b. Sept. 29, 1791. 
5— iv. Eliza, b. June 1, 1793, She 
probably m. John Ireson Jr., 
Apr. 9, 1815 
6 — v. Jeremiah, b. Apr. 10, 179o. 
7 — vi. Henry, b. June 6, 1797. See 
below (7). 



S— vir. Amos Breed, b. Mar. 25, 1799. 

See below (8). 
9 — vm. Emily, b. Dec. 15, 1801; d. Aj-r. 
12, 1828 aet. L'.^ vrs. 
10 — ix. William \\, b. Dec. 19 1 s(j7" 

d. Nov. 14 [13], 1840. 
'Ii — x. Thomas Witt, d. Julv 17, 1821. 
12 — xi. Hannah, b. Xov. _'(),' 1811. 
13 — xii. Samuel, b. June 7, 1814; d May 

5, 1815. 
14 — xiii.Jeremiah, b. Mar. 7, ISIS. See 

below (14). 
15 — xiv. Coates Witt, b. July 17, 1721. 



Rev. Henry Bulfixch, 1 married 
Mary C. Johnson at Xahant (Private 
Record) March S, 1S24. 

Children : 

16 — i. Mary Olivia, 3 b. May 26, 1825. 
17 — ii. Delia Rebecca, 3 b.' Mar 12 

1827. 
18 — in. Charles, b. Dec. 3, 182S. 
19 — iv. Henry Martyn, b. Xov. 4 1832- 

d. Aug. 13, 1S36. 
20 — v. Ellen Henrietta, b. Jan. 6, 1841. 



Amos Breed Bulfixch, 3 married 
Hannah Coombs, Jan. 20, 1S22. 

Children : 
21—1. Henry, 3 b. May 15, 1822. 
22—n. Susan, 3 b. Xov. 20, 1823. 
23— in. Julia Ann, 3 b. Jan. 3, 1825. 
14 

Jeremiah Bulfixch, 2 married 
Mary Ann Tilton. 

Child: 
24—i. Elva Drew, b. Xov. 13, 1S4S. 



XOTES. 



Case of John Luff vs. Jno. Bull- 
finch in Salem Quarterly Court, June 
30, 1640. 

—Essex Inst. v. Ill, p. 15S. 
Goody Bullfinch, Reference made 
to her in Salem Quarterly Court 2: 
12 mo., 1641. 

—Essex Inst. v. IV, p. 90. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



77 



John Bullfinch, on Trial Jury 26:' 
10:1643, Salem Quirterly Court. 
— Essex In±t. v. IV, p. 184. 
John Bulfinch, one of the ap- 
praisers of the estate of Widow Margit 
Pease, Salem 1644. 

— Essex List. v. V, p. 91. 
Susan Bulfinch of Ipswich and 
Rev. Daniel Poor married Oct. 9, 
1815 (Int. July 1, 1815). 

— Danvers Vital Records. 

John Bulfinch, proprietor, ad- 
mitted to church 21-(9)-1640, free- 
man, May 18, 1642. Ann [wife] ad- 
mitted to church 4-(2)-1641. 
— Pope's Pioneers of Mass., p. 77. 
John Bulfinch; case against him 
for debt in Quarterly Court 1:5 mo., 
1640. Judgment 2s'. 6 d: Costs 4 s. 
—E. I. H. vol. VII, p. 277. 
Brother Bulfinch granted 10 acres 
23:11 m, 1642. 

— E. I. H. C. v. V, p. 172. 

BULGER NOTES 

^Elizabeth Bulger married Francis 
Andrews both of Xewburyport, Sept. 
21, 1783. They had a son Francis 
born Apr. 15, 1785. — Newbury port 
Records — Essex Inst. v. IV, p. 191. 

Maria E. Bulger aet. 19 yrs. mar- 
ried William Pierce aet. 21 yrs., cord- 
wainer, Sept. 20, 1S48. Intentions 
also recorded. — Lynn Records. 

Richard Bulger (Brilard — publish- 
ment) married Elizabeth Wright, both 
of Newburyport, Oct. 7, 1779. 

— Newburyport Records. 

Richard Bulgar, Juror, Ipswich 
Court, Mar. 28. 1654. 

— Essex Inst. v. X, p. 171. 

Thomas Bulgar, confessed judg- 
ment in favor of William Thomas 
of Newbury in debt case. 

—Essex Ant. v. VIII. p. 11, 12. 



BULKER NOTE 

John Bulker, aet. 2S yrs. made 
deposition June term, 1669. 

— Essex County Court. 



BULKLEY NOTES 

Patience Bulkley married David 
Hibbert Jewett. 

— Essex Inst. vol. XXII. 

Thomas Bulkley apprentice of 

Tho(ma)s Woodberry, fever; died at 

Martinique, Oct. — , 1808, aet. 17 yrs. 

—C. R. 1 Beverly. 

Mary Bulklev married Benjamin 

Procter, Lynn, Dec. IS, 1694.— Ct. R. 



BULL 

1 

Joseph Bull of Marblehead married 
Nov. 26, 1699, Sarah Serle. 

Child: 
2 — i. Joseph, bap. Apr. 13, 1701. See 
below (2). 



Joseph Bull, 2 of Marblehead, mar 
ried 7 ber 30, 1720, Sarah Oliver. 

He died before Oct. 11, 1724. His 
widow married second, Feb. 6, 1727-8, 
John Allen. 
Children : 
3 — i. Joseph, bapt. Jan. 21, 1721-2. 
4 — ii. Caleb, bapt. Nov. 11, 1722. 
o — in. Sarah, bapt. Oct. 11, 1724. 



NOTES 



Nathaniel Bull and Tabitha Crofts 
were married at Marblehead, Jan. 15, 
1727-8. 

Children: 

1 Nathaniel bapt. March 15, 1729. 

2 Tabitha, bapt. Apr. 26, 1730. 

3 Joseph, bapt. Apr. 16, 1732. 



78 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



4 Joseph, bapt. Sept. 16, 1733. 

5 Mary, bapt. Feb. 22, 1736. 

6 Richard, bapt. Feb. 18, 1739. 
Robert Bull married Sarah . 

They shared in the estate of grand- 
father William Buckley and great 
grandfather Thomas Smith of Ipswich 
in 172S. He was on the tax list in 
Marblehead in 1748, and died before 
July 27, 1761. 
Children : 

1 Robert buried Feb. 17, 1741-2 

2 Mary married Dec. 7, 1752, Michael 
Wormstead. 

William Bull of Wilmington, son 
of Amos and Mary, died of typhus 
fever at Wilmington, September 10, 
1847, aged 25 years. 

Abigail Bull and Thomas Barnard 
of Andover were married April 28, 
1696. — Court Records. 

Sarah Bull and Joshua Towne Jr., 
were married at Topsfield, Feb. 5, 
1747-8. 

Hannah Bull and Furnell Ross 
were married March 16, 1664. 

— Court Records. 

Sarah Dillingham of Ipswich 
widow, in her will dated July 13, 1636, 
mentioned her sister, the wife of John 
Bull. — Mass. Archives v. B 15, leaf 59. 

Mrs. Abigail Bull married April 
28, 1696, Rev. Thomas Barnard, of 
Andover. She died August 13, 1702. 
—Essex Antiquarian, v. VI, p. 129. 

Jno Bull "a lame man, belonging 
to lin w ch was nev r admitted an In- 
habitant in this Towne." Voted 
Dec. 9, 1672, that "Jno Procter do 
Difcharge himfelf to the Towne" of 
him. — Essex Inst. Hist. Col. v. XLII. 

Mary Bull, daughter of Mary, 
Mary bapt. Nov. 9, 1729. 

— St. Michaels Ch., Marblehead. 



Mary Bull and James Collins, 
married Jan. 14, 172S-9. 

— Marblehead Records. 

Sarah Bull and Henry Rhodes 
married Oct. 10, 1720. Ibid. 

Sarah Bull and Stephen Phillips 
married Sept. 27, 1744. Ibid. 

Bull and [Mrs. Eliza[beth] Evans 

daughter of Rhodes (wid. of 

Joseph Aborn) married after 1708. 
— First Church Records, Marblehead. 

Joseph Bull (w. Elizabeth) of. 
Marblehead conveyed houses, stages 
and fish fences at the neck to Thomas 
Rhodes of Marblehead, August 19, 
1722. — Essex Registry of Deeds. 



BULLARD NOTES 

Joseph Bullard of Springfield mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. 
Benjamin Adams. She was born 
Mar. 22, 1760. 

— Essex hist. v. II, p. 41. 

Martha Bullard (Bullerd) married 
John Work at Salem, Nov. 21, 1752. 

Sarah Bullerd of Xeedham married 
Robert Gilmore, resident of Lynn. 
Intentions published, Dec. 31, 1S09. 
— Lynn Records. 

Adam Bullard and Rebecca Miller 
(Millen of Providence, R. I. int.) of 
Sherburn married at Sherburn, Dec. 
24, 1784. 

Mary Bullard married Moses, son of 
Richard and Susanna (Xewhall/' 
Haven. 

— Essex Inst. H. C. XVIII. p. 7. 

Joseph Bullard and Miss Elizabeth 
'Adams married 7 Nov.. 17S4. 
— E. I. H. C. v. XXXIV, p. 154. 

Adam Bullard, trader, member of 
Essex Lodge Salem; died prior to 
1800. 

—E.I. H. C. v. Ill, p. 127. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



79 



Alvira Bullard, of Rindge, N. H. 
and Jewett Jones Jr. m. int. Sept. 
1, 1S39. 

Stephen F. aet. 25 years, teamster, 
son of Joseph and Lucy and Eliza 
Jane Cram aet. 21 years, daughter 
of Francis and Sarah married, Apr. 
12, 1849. 

— Metkuen Records. 

Betsey [of Charlestown int] and 
Silas Brown married Sept. 21, 1S43, 
— Saugus Records. 

A. R. Bullard M. D. married 
Elizabeth Bartlett Cutts, Apr. 27, 
1861.— E. I. H. C. vol. XXVIII. 

Lydia Bullard, Andover w. Daniel 
S. intestate, Thomas P. Beal, of 
Kingston, Plymouth co., appointed 
Adm. Feb. 18, 1854.— Essex Prob. 
Records, v. 88, p. 24. 



BULLE NOTE 



Andrew Bulle and Hannah Heule 
[Handly. C. R. 1.] married Mar. 9, 
1724. — Marblehead Records. 



BULLER NOTES 

Rebekah Buller and Dr. David 
Bennet married at Rowlev, Feb. 4, 
1682. [Feb. 14, 16S2:3 E. I. H. C. 
vol. VI, p. 40.] 

She was the sister of Sir William 
Phips of Boston. 

— Ipswich Records. 

Hannah Buller, daughter Andrew, 
deceased and Hannah, bapt. May 1, 
1726.— Is*, ch. Rec— Marblehead V. 
Records. 

John Buller on an alarm list of 
Captain Norwood's 4th Gloucester 
co., 1764. 

—E. I. H. C. XXXVIII, p. 53. 



BULLEY NOTES 

Sam[uell] Bulley and Elizabeth 
Webber married Feb. 22, 16(93?]. 

He died Aug. 27, 1729 aet. 77 vrs. 
She died his widow, Oct. 12. 1732. 

Children; 

Elizabeth, born May 17, 169G; 
marriage int. William Stone Apr. 
19, 1718. 

Patience, born May 31, 1700; mar- 
ried int. Griffin Jones, May 30, 1719. 
— Ipswich Records. 

Michael J. Bullev, member of Salem 
Light Infantry, Apr. 9, 1S06. 

— E. I. H. C. vol. XXVI. 



BULLFLOWER NOTES 

Benjamin Bullnower of Salem; 
died 24: 12 mo., 1660. Inv. of estate 
4m., 1661.— E. I. H. C. v. I, p. 33. 

Henry Bullnower, servant to Thorn. 
West, presented to Salem Quarterly 
Court for "visits and entering house 
of William Browne and Thomas 
Eaborne (also Ebums) in time of 
public meeting on Lord's Day and 
then taking and eating provisions" 
to be severely whipped, court 27: 10: 
1642.— E. I. H. C. v. IV, p. 124. 



DESCENDANTS OF HENRY 

BULLOCK 

1 

Henry Bullock, 1 husbandman, 
aged 40, came in the Abigail in June, 
1635, with his wife, Susan, aet. 42, 
and children. Henry aged S, Mary aged 
6, and Thomas aged 2. He certified 
from the parish of St. Lawrence, Essex, 
England. He settled in Charlestown 
and was a proprietor there in 
163S. (Pope's Pioneers oj Massa- 
chusetts). He removed to Salem and 



80 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



was granted 30 acres of land on the 
23d of the llmo. 1642, His tine in 
Salem Quarterly Court was abated 
5th 6 mo., 1047, on account of "age 
and ability." A similar fine for not 
training was taken off for the same 
reason in 1(349. On the 23d of the 
6th mo., 1651, he bought "the ar- 
badge or after feeding of the 5 acre 
lot" belonging to the Jeffrey Esty. 
His wife, Susan, died about the 2nd 
of Nov., 1644 and he married later 

Elizabeth . He died 27 10 mo., 

1663. His will, dated Dec. 21, 1663, 
was probated 29 (4), 1664. His 
estate was appraised Jan. 4, 1664 by 
Thomas Gardner Sen. He mentioned 
his wife, Elizabeth, son Henry de- 
ceased, granddaughter, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Henry J., son Thomas 
and grandson, John Bullock, son of 
Henry Jr., deceased 
Children: 

2—i. Henry, 2 b. about 1627. See 

below (2). 
3 — ii. Mary, 2 b. about 1629. 
4 — in. Thomas, 2 b. about 1633. Living 

in 1663. 



Henry Bullock, 2 lived in Salem. 
He was fined in Salem Quarterly 
Court 30th 9 mo., 1652 for excess in 
his apparel, wearing broad lace etc. 
He married Alice Flint, daughter of 
William and Alice Flint. He died 
about 1656. An inventory of his 
estate taken the 10th of the 10 mo., 
1656, amounted to £121:02:00. His 
widow married, second John Picker- 
ing 2 of Salem. She died about 1713. 
• Children : 

5—i. John, 3 b. Aug., 1654; d. 1694. 

See below (5). 
6 — ii. Elizabeth, 3 m. Richard, son of 
John Xorman, 13th, 11 mo., 
1674. 



John Bullock, 3 was born in Salem 
1654. He married Mary, daughter 
of Moses Maverick of Marblehead 
Aug. 3, 1681. He was a cripple from 
fighting the Indians and was all' 
to keep an inn. He died in 1694. 
His widow married Archibald Fergu- 
son of Marblehead before 1698. 
Children. 
7 — i. Elizabeth, 4 b. June 22 [23], 

1683. 
8 — ii. John, 4 b. April 5, 1680. See 
below (8). 

8 

John Bullock, 4 of Salem was a 
cordwainer. He bought a house near 
the North river on what is now Beck- 
ford St., in 1721 and lived there for 
many years. He was called "kins- 
man' by Ensign John Flint in his will 
in 1711 and received 4 acres as a 
bequest. He married July 20, 1710, 
Mary Caryle. 

Children : 

9__l John, 5 b. Apr. 21, 1711. See 
below (9). 

10 — n . Elizabeth, 5 bapt. Aug. 11, 1717. 

11 — in, Mary 5 bapt. Aug. 23, 1719. 

12 — iv. Hannah, 5 bapt. June 25, 1721 

13 — v. Benjamin, 5 b. Apr. 28 bapt. 
June 30) 1723; d. probably un- 
married in 1751. Adm. of 
estate granted to his father 
July 11, 1751. 

14 — vi. Mary, 5 bapt. Mar. 14, 1725. 

9 

John Bullock, 5 was a cordwainer 
and lived in Salem. He lived in the 
old homestead. He married Oct. 
27, 1737, Elizabeth Stileman. He 
died about 1774. Will dated Sept. 
26, 1774. 

Children: 
15 — i. Elizabeth, 8 bapt. Jan. 23. 1712; 

m. May 12, 1758 Thomas 

Morse of Salem. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



81 



16 — ii. John,' bapt. Jan. 23, 1742. See 

below (16) 
17 — in. Mary, 6 bapt. Jan. 23, 1742; 

May 4, 1763 Capt. Joseph Brown 

son, of William and Mary 

(Frost) Brown. She died May, 

1790. He died in Dec, 1822 

aet. 59. 
18 — iv. Preserved, 6 bapt. Jan. 19, 1745; 
m. Jan. 7, 1772 at Danvers, 

John MackMillian. 
19 — v. Benjamin, 6 bapt. Mar. 6, 1747. 

See below (19). 
20 — VI. Nathaniel, 6 bapt. Mar. 4, 1749. 

See below (20). 
21— vn. Isaac, 6 bapt. Apr. 19, 1752. 

See below (21). 
22— viii.Samuel, 6 bapt. Feb. 16, 1755. 

See be low' (22). 
23 — ix. Sarah, 6 bapt. Apr. 25, 1756. 

Unmarried in 1774. 
24 — x. Abigail, 6 bapt. May 7, 1758. 

Unmarried in 1774. 
25 — xi. Hannah, 6 bapt. Sept., 1774; 

m. Maybury before 1778. 

16 
John Bullock, 6 was a fisherman and 
mariner, and lived in Salem and Dan- 
vers. He sold his homestead in 
Salem to Thomas Holmes in May 29, 
1777. His dwelling place in the latter 
town was near "Mr. Holt's meeting 
house." He married Sept. 20, 1762. 
Rosina Barbarina Ulmerin. He died 
in 1778. His widow was appointed 
administratrix Sept. 7, 1778. 

Children : 

26—i. Samuel, 7 bapt. May 29, 1763. 

Was a resident of Xorthport, 

Hancock Co., Mass. in 1798. 

27—n. John WooLMORE, 7 bapt. Oct., 1765. 

28 — in. Barbara, 7 b. about 1767; m. 

first, Danvers, Aug. 19, 17S7, 

James Goodale; m. second, 

Samuel Tibbets. She d. Salem, 

Mar. 20, 1804. 

29— iv. Benjamin, 7 bapt. Sept. 16, 1770. 

He was a mariner, lived in 

Salem, was master of many 

deep sea craft. He m. list 

Danvers, May 24, 1794, Abigail 

Trask, daughter of Amos and 

Hannah Trask. She died June, 

6, 1799 aet. 28. He m. second, 

Dec. 1, 1799, Molly Haynes. 



30 — v. Nathaniel, 7 bapt. Aug. 9, 1772 
[Given in the records as the a 
of John and Rebecca?]. 

31 — vi. Isaac, 7 b. Salem, Dee. 25, 177 1. 
He m. Apr. 11, L799, at Dan- 
vers. Martha Trask, daughter 
of William and Sarah | Larra- 
bee) Trask. He died at Dan- 
vers, July 15, 1800. She d. In 
Salem, Aug. 11, 1866, aet. S7 
yrs. 9 mos. She lived the latter 
part of her life with her son 
Isaac at 158 Boston st., Salem. 

32 — vn. Joseph, 7 bapt. .May 5, 1776; m. 
in Beverly, Oct, 9, 1796, Betsey 
Poland, of Beverlv. He died 
July 13, 1800, aet.' 23. 

33 — viii. Mary, 7 bapt. Mar. 1, 1778. Was 
unmarried in 1798. 

19 

Capt. Benjamin Bullock, 9 lived 
in Salem, was a master mariner and 
ship owner. He lived for a time, 
about 1779, in Lyndeborough, N H., 
but returned to Salem shortly after. 
He married Mar. 14, 1771, Sarah 
Skerry, daughter of Francis Skerry 
of Salem. He died in 1794, leaving 
an estate valued at £616: 7s. The 
inventory included the schooner Lydia 
His wife died Sept. 29, 1818 aet.' 68. 

Children : 
34 — i. Anna, 7 b. ; m. at Salem, 

Apr. 4, 1790. Hubbard Haskell 

of Xewburyport. 
35 — ii. Francis, 7 b. May 19, 1782. 
36 — in. Samuel. 7 
37 — iv. Elizabeth, 7 b. about 1787; d. 

June 25, 1858. 
38— v. Preserved, 7 b. Apr. 5, 17S9; d. 

Apr. 8, 1862 "aet. 73£ yrs." 
39 — vi. , 7 b. Apr. 5, 1789. [twins.] 

20 

Nathaniel Bullock, 9 was a mari- 
ner and lived in Salem. He mar- 
ried Betsey [Betty] . He died 

1800. His son Nathaniel was 'ap- 
pointed administrator Aug. 5, 1S00. 

Children: 
40 — i. Nathaniel, 7 b. Apr. 27, 1776. 
41 — ii. Betsey, 7 b. Apr. 27, 1776. 



82 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



42 — in. John, 7 b. Mar. 15, 177S. 
43 — iv. James, 7 b. Nov. 5, 1780. 
44 — v. James, 7 b. Aug. 2,5, 1782. 
45 — vi. Benjamin, 7 b. July 18, 1784. 
46 — vii. William, 7 b. Mar. 1, 1787. 



21 



Isaac Bullock, 6 was a mariner 
and ship owner. He married [int. 
Apr. 20, 1776], Elizabeth Boyd, who 
was born in Woburn, the daughter 
of James and Martha Boyd. He died 
Dec. 21, 1S26, aet. 74 yrs. 

Children: 
47 — i. Samuel Stileman, 7 b. Sept. 27, 

1778. 
48 — ii. Isaac S., 7 b. about 1779. He was 

a trader in Salem and kept a 

store at 71 Derby st., residing 

at no. 73. He m. Sally Clough, 

daughter of Peter and Sarah 

Clough. He died Salem, Oct. 

14, 1858 aet. 79 yrs. She died, 

Salem, Dec. 10, 1863, aet. 82 

yrs. 1 mo., 25 days. 
49 — in. John, 7 b. Feb. 4, 1781, was a 

mariner and lived in Salem. 

He m. Elizabeth Cloutman. 

He died in Salem, Jan. 25, 

1854, aet. 71 yrs. 
-50 — iv. Elizabeth, 7 (Betsey) b. about 

1782; d. Nov. 16, 1855, aet. 

73 yrs. Unmarried. 
51 — v. Benjamin, 7 about 1793; d. Oct. 

28, 1823, aet. 33 yrs.. 
52— vi. George, 7 b. Sept. 13, 1795. 
53 — -vii. James Crawford, 7 had his name 

changed to Ballard. He m. 

Aug. 18, 1816, Elizabeth C. 

Archer. 

22 

Samuel Bullock, 8 lived in Dan- 
vers now Peabody. He married at 
Dan vers, May 20, 1787, Eunice Wy- 
man of Danvers. 

Children : 
54—1. Samuel, 7 bapt. Aug. 3, 1788. 
55 — ii. John, 7 bapt. May 9, 1790. 
56 — in. Eunice, 7 bapt. May 19, 1793. 



NOTES 

Thomasin Bullock and Philip Came 
married June 27, 1700. 

— Marblehead Rei <>rds. 

Hannah Bullock born Feb. 19, 
1792. No parents given. 

— Essex Inst. Hist. Col. v. XXII. 

John Bullock, seaman on ship 
Oliver Cromwell, James Barr, captain, 
sailing Julv, 1780. 
—Essex Inst. Hist. Col. v. XXVII. 

Benjamin Bullock, a seaman on 
the ship Rover, Capt. James Barr, 
signed articles of agreement. May, 
171S.— Essexlnst. Hist. Col. v.XXYll. 

Polly Bullock, married Benjamin 
Silver. — South Ch. Salem, Dec. S, 179S. 

Rejoice' Bullock, widow, conveyed 
land on Salem Xeck, March 21, 1742. 
— Essex A)itiquarian v. VIII, p. 121. 

Polydore Bullock of Salem, enlisted 
March 24, 1781, as a member of the 
6th Regiment. 

— Mass. S. & S. in the Rev. War, 
v. II, p. 796. 

Abigail Bullock married Thomas 
Goss. — Essex Inst. Hist. Col. v, VI, 
p. 213. 

Sally Bullock and George White- 
field Martin married Apr. 11, 1797. 
— Salem Records. 

Hannah Bullock and Abraham 
Vernon married at Boston, Feb. 5, 
1769. — Salem Records. 



BULLMAN NOTE 

William Bullman, adm. granted to 
John Bullman or (Bulman) Feb. 2, 
176S. — Essex Co. Probate Records, v. 
344, p. 326. 

BULLYCOME NOTE 

Charles Bullycome [ Biddycome int.] 
and Margaret Cook married May 27, 
1815. — Salem Records. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



83 



L BULSON NOTE 

Benjamin Bulson was a seaman 
on board the privateer brigantine 
"Addition" com. bv Captain Joseph 
Pratt, 17S0. He was 21 years old 
4 ft. 11 inches tall dark complexioned 
— Mass. S. and S. v. II, p. 798. 

Benja[min] and Mary Hamilton 
married Nov. 20, 1779 (int. also pub. 
Nov. 20, 1779). 

Benjamin Bulson married Sallv 
Dalton, Jan. 1, 1S03. 

Mary W. Bulson died May 29, 1828 
aet. 10 mo. 

Mary Bulson died chronic diar- 
rhoea, Apr. 6, 1830 aet. 21 years. 
— Salem Vital Records. 

Benjamin Bulson died Mar. 28, 
1830. 

Margaret Bulson, widow, of James 
Odell, was appointed adms., July 1, 
1831. — EssexProb. Records, v. 77, p. 29. 

Allowance granted to widow Mar- 
garet Bulson and three small children, 
Aug. 3, 1831.— Essex Prob. Records, 
v. 59, p. 408. 



BUMAGIN NOTE 

Mary Bumagin [Brumagin int.] 
married Alexander Snow. Oct. 9, 
1746. Int. also recorded. 

— Lynn Records. 

BUMPS NOTE 

Joseph Bumps; name on muster 
roll, private dated Boston, Feb. 13, 
1759. Member of Capt. Edmund 
Mooers Co., Col. Jonathan Bagly's 
Regt,. Apr. 10-Nov. 20. 1758. 
— Mass. Archives, v. 97. p. 335. 

BUMSTEAD NOTES 

Jeremiah Bumstead published to 

Man- Breed of Boston, Feb. 28, 1756. 

— Ne zebu ry Reco rds . 

Jeremiah Bumstead member train 

band Maj. Joseph Coffin commander, 

July 13, 1757. 

Alass. Archives, v. 95, p. 415. 

BUN NOTE 

Jupiter Bun [of Salem int.] 'mar- 
ried Caty Lewis, Nov. 26, 1801. • Int. 
also recorded. — Lynn Records. 



NOTES ON FAMILIES PREVIOUSLY PRINTED 



BUCK NOTE 

Ebenezer Buck, 1 married first, 1713 
Lydia Eames of Woburn who died 
at Woburn, June 8, 1722; married 
second at Haverhill, Feb. 21, 1723. 
Judith Wood (possibly Weed). 

— Woburn Records. 
Children by first wife born at Woburn : 



Lydia b. May, 28 1713. 

Ebenezer, b. Feb. 22, 1717. 

Jonathan, b. Feb. 20, 1719. 

Child by second wife, birth re- 
corded at Woburn: 

Mary, b. Feb. 20, 1724. 

[Note contributed by Arthur G. 
Loring, Woburn.] 



84 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



BUCKLEY NOTE 

John Buckley of Haverhill mar- 
ried Rebecca Danforth of Newbury, 
Sept. 30, 1800.— Newbury Record. 



BUCKMAN OR BUCKNAM NOTES 

Martha Buckman wife of Samuel, 
died July 6, 1777. — Newbury Record. 

Mary Buckman of Salem published 
to Philemon Casady Jan. 20, 1776. 

Saviah Buckman published to Wil- 
liam Lamson, May 12, 1729. 

Sarah Buckman of Xewbury mar- 
ried Abraham Colby of Rowley, Nov. 
21, 1712. — Newbury Record. 

Samuel Buckman married Mary 
Parker both of Newbury, Nov. 25, 
1717.— Newbury Records. 

Of the Samuel Bucknam (Buckman) 
given in the Mass. Magazine, p. 249, 
vol. 2, no. 4, the only evidence extant 
of his parentage is a deed in the Mid- 
dlesex Registrv at East Cambridge, 
deed dated May 23, 1694, Rec. Vol. 
10, p. 294, and to which is also ap- 
pended the name of his then wife, 
which was evidently his first wife 
and her name was "Mary" and she 
was the mother of several of his chil- 
dren, and he was then of "Newbury." 
His residence on land in what is now 
Newburyport, beside the Merrimac 
River. In the same deed is appended 
the signatures of all his brothers and 
sisters with husbands and wives 
except Edward who could with good 
reason be considered dead or else out 
of the country. The deed was to the 
widow of his deceased brotherWilliam 
conferring to her title to lands and 
estates left her by her husband's will 



that said William received from their 
father William Buckman's will in 
1679. 

Samuel was of Newbury in 1694 
by that deed and with his wife Mary 
(possibly Mary Atkinson of Maiden, 
absolute proof lacking). Later we 
find that Martha (Barnard) Haines 
is his wife and there were children 
by both wives, of whom I have eight 
in all with the births and deaths of 
two Samuels and a third Samuel ap- 
pears later and is recorded at Sutton, 
Mass., as Samuel J. The Samuel of 
Newbury (b. Maiden, Mass.) seems to 
have emigrated first to Lexington 
and later to Sutton, Mass., where he 
probably died at an advanced age. 
His son Samuel, was "Jr." at Lex- 
ington and had a son Samuel who 
had seven children, baptized at 
Sutton. 

While William Bucknam' s will is 
very clear, the mother, sons Edward 2 
and Samuel 2 disappear and the son 
Lt. Joses 2 Bucknam settles the prop- 
erty about to suit himself and seems 
to take about the whole of it. Several 
well-known historians have "kille.d 
off" the mother Sarah and sons Ed- 
ward and Samuel in the spring of 
1679. However, in 1694 the mother 
and Samuel sign "Hannah (Wait) 
Bucknam's deed" as she is about to 
marry Lt. Joseph Hasey but I rind 
no more of the aged widow and be- 
lieve her days were ended in Essex 
County. Probably the reason of the 
little record of this branch of the 
family was because of religious belief 
which caused much trouble. Sarah 1 
(Bucknam) Shattuck of Salem was a 
sister to Sameul 2 . This Samuel 2 
Bucknam (Buckman) line leaves a 
numerous posterity. 

[Contributed by Wilton F. Buck- 
nam, Stoneham] 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



85 



BUFFINGTON NOTE 

Thomas Buffington, 3 born July 24, 
1675 wife Hannah. Daughter Esther 
"born Aug. 30, 1712. She died May 
14, 1750. She married Stephen Chase 
of Swanzey, Nov. 11, 1725. She had 
one child, Stephen Chase Jr., born 



Feb. 3, 1740; died Dec. 18, 1821. He 

married Hannah Blethen of Swansea, 
Mass., 1700. Lived in Ge rj town, 
Me., but died in Unity, Me. — Friend's 
Records in Vital Records of R.I. vol.7. 
[This note was contributed by 
Mrs. Medora C. Small, Oakland, Me.] 



(To be continued.) 



0urEiJUoriaT Pa^tjsT 



R ev.'Thomas F_Ra^klin Waters. 



THE Presidential address of Professor 
Albert Bushnell Hart, delivered at 
the meeting of the American His- 
torical Association in New York on 
December 28, 1909, was a noteworthy- 
utterance. It dealt with large and funda- 
mental themes: the impossibility of scien- 
tific certainty, the prevalence of wholly 
false and unreliable work, the sacrifice of 
historic truth to vivid and picturesque 
story-telling, and the ideal literary style 
of the serious minded and truthful histo- 
rian. His discussion was acute and fair, 
his criticisms were probably wise. Many 
of his strictures will be recognized as just. 
But after reading and re-reading a lengthy 
abstract, we confess to a decided bewilder- 
ment of mind, as to what we are to be- 
lieve, and whom we can trust. 

It is now accepted as an axiomatic 
truth, that the scientific method must gov- 
ern all historical study. Documents, con- 
temporary with the events recorded if pos- 
sible and written by reliable observes, 
must be the foundation of all credible his- 
toric work. There must be broad and dis- 
passionate study and unflinching loyalty to 
any truth, that may force itself upon the 
mrnd open to conviction, however great 
the sacrifice of old belief or current preju- 
dice. History must be written to record 
historic truth and not to establish a theory 
or justify a tradition. 

But we realize that the scientific method, 
worked to the uttermost, can never ensure 
scientific certainty. Chemical analysis, the 
spectroscope and microscope, the experi- 



ments of the physical laboratory, reveal 
ultimate and absolute facts. History is 
dependent upon human observation and 
human testimony. The most conscientious 
historian can tell us cnly what commends 
itself as true to his individual reason and 
judgment, which are limited and fallible 
tests. Absolutely accurate historical con- 
clusions can never be predicated of any 
human historian. 

We are ready to admit, therefore, all that 
the Professor says as to the limited credi- 
bility of all historic writing, but we confess 
to a feeling of amazement that so large an 
element of uncertainty prevails. We knew 
that there were Munchausens in the ranks 
of the historians. "John Josselyn Gen- 
tleman" visited this New World in 1G3S 
and again in 16G3, and wrote a narrative of 
what he saw. His story is wondrously 
entertaining as he tells of moose, standing 
twelve feet high from his toes to his fore- 
shoulder and with huge horns, "the tips 
whereof are sometimes found to be two 
fathoms asunder," of radishes, as big as a 
man's arm, and crowing hens, with spurs 
like a cock. But we never took his record 
seriously, and he himself admitted, that 
some of his big stories "have been taken by 
some of my Sceptique Readers to be mon- 
strous Lyes." The fictitious element in 
such writing is self-evident. The imagi- 
nary element in a recent Life of John Har- 
vard reveals itself to the uncritical reader. 
But we confess to a rude shock when he 
quotes the eminent histonan Edward A. 
Freeman, censuring Mr. Froude, an equally 



OUR EDITORIAL PAGES 



87 



eminent historian, as the deliberate pur- 
veyor of fiction and falsehood. That Mr. 
Froude was indiscreet in publishing the 
home life of Thomas Carlisle and Jane 
Welch is common truth, but it is painful 
to the lay mind to know that he was called 
a liar by a sober minded contemporary, and 
the unprofessional reader and lover of his- 
tory is helpless to settle the perplexing di- 
lemma as to which of the two is the truth- 
teller. "Is Saul also among the prophets:*" 
was the disquieting and alarming query of 
the old Hebrews. One notable defection 
always causes wide spread doubt, and Pro- 
fessor Hart's subsequent quotation of 
Andrew Lang's playful commendation of 
Froude and his own laudation of Froude' s 
picturesque description of the execution of 
Mary Queen of Scots, do not destroy the 
spectre, he has conjured up. 

THE painful uncertainty as to the 
degree of credibility which attaches 
to one great historian is fostered by 
Professor Hart's comments on other 
writers. His suggestion that you may get 
history from Gardiner or Dean Stubbs or 
George Bancroft, but in reading Macaulay 
you get Macaulay, will put us on our guard 
against over credence of the famous Eng- 
lish historian, as a well-balanced interpreter 
of truth. He enters the realm of the his- 
torical novel and carries confusion in his 
train. Louisa Muhlbach's so-called his- 
torical novels, he tells us, are false guides 
in the mazes of European history bu^ 
Quentin Durward, Henry Esmond and The 
Scarlet Letter are true pictures of the life 
of their period. There are historians, he de- 
clares, who are so enamoured of the pic- 
turesque that they portray the extraordi- 
nary and the unusual as though they were 
daily happenings, and ask not whether a 



tale is true only whether it is striking. 
"T'is true, t'is pity." Within our own 
knowledge, the genial Hezekiah Ruttcr- 
worth inquired of a local historian, 
what he could tell him of the story of 
the regicide, who was concealed in an 
old mansion in the town. Reply 
made that the only thing of a decisive 
nature that could be said was that the 
lot on which the house in question 
stood was not sold to the man, who un- 
doubtedly .built it, until the year 1710. 
" Oh don't tell me that," said Mr. Butter- 
worth. "Tell me the story. I want to write 
it up;" and despite the protest of the local 
student, he persisted in declaring that it 
was legitimate for him to repeat the idle 
tale, despite the air of credibility his use 
of it would impart to the uncritical 
reader. 

Is this fictitious playing with Truth 
common? Are there many historians, who 
are popularly regarded as reliable, who 
are nothing more than the tellers of idle 
tales? Is the imagination so completely 
in mastery, that the simple telling of truth, 
without the glamour of color and circum- 
stance, which the fertile imagination in- 
vents, is a lost art? . Whom shall we accept 
as our teachers and guides? What shall 
we read without suspicion? 

HAPPILY Professor Hart meets our 
need in measure by his unreserved 
commendation of Francis Parkman, 
as acknowledged by almost all critics to be 
the first of American historians.by his praise 
of Motley, by his recognition of our, old 
teacher, Gibbon, as the prince of historical 
writers. But we wish that he had told us 
whether Green's Short History, most read 
and most readable of modern works, is ficti- 
tious or imaginative or reallvthe dramatic 



88 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



and splendid portrayal of English history 
in many generations ? Perhaps critical com- 
ment on contemporary historians would 
have been unprofessional, but within a few 
years, several fresh essays at a modern 
and ideal history of the United States have 
been made. How do they answer to his 
critical standard? We were surprised to 
hear from an eminent authority a little 
while since .that one of these is severely 
criticized in the highest circles. There 
may be common agreement among the best 
equipped students in this censure. And 
what about The Last of the Barons, and 
The Last Days of Pompeii, Romola, and 
The Tale of Two Cities and a multitude 
of other so-called historical novels? 
Historically, are they worth while? 



In fine, Professor Hart's address rouses 
many questions which it docs not an 
and which can not be answered decisively, 
perhaps. But it makes one wish that the 
common reader of history, who seeks to 
learn the truth, might have some such 
authoritativeutterance of some ripe scholar, 
some hint as to commonly accepted judg- 
ments by those who know, to guide him 
in his choice of books, and prevent his 
acceptance of plausible misstatements. 
To be sure, President Eliot's little shelf of 
the best books includes some singular vol- 
umes, and has met with much criticism. 
But in the narrower sphere of History, 
there may be some universal judgments, 
that the honest reader would be glad to 
know. 



THE 



MASSACHUSETTS 
MAGAZINE 




Published bythe Salem Press Co. Salem, Mass. U.S.A. 



■;* 



fc* . 






r 






&l\t JHaitsacIjuiuiht IHagaune. 

A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor, ipswich, ua^. 

ASSOCIATE AXD ADVISORY EDITORS 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson George Sheldon, Dr. Frank A. Gardner 

CAMBRIDGE, MA>S. DEBEttBLD, XAt*. IAUM, HAM. 

Lucie M. Gardner, Charles A. Flagg John X. McClintock Albert W. Dennis 

SALEM, MASS. WASHINGTON, D. C. DORCHESTER, UASS. 8ALIM, HAAt. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies, 75c. 
VOL. Ill APRIL, 1910 NO. 2 

(Eottfcufe of fins Issue. 



Thomas Hutchinson - , L\st Royal Governor of Massachusetts 

R.A.Douglas-Lithgow,M.D.,LL.D. . 91 

The Capt. Timothy Johnson Homestead . George W. Pierce . 94 

Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment . F. A. Gardner, M.D. . 99 

Massachusetts Pioneers in Michigan . . . Charles A. Flagg . 117 
Governor Hutchinson's House on Milton Hill 

-. R.A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. . 121 

Massachusetts in Literature . . , . . . Charles A. Flagg . 125 

Criticism and Comment 129 

Department of the American Revolution F. A.Gardner, M. D. . 133 

Pilgrims and Planters Lucie M. Gardner . 145 

Family Genealogies Lucie M. Gardner . 147 

Our Editorial Pages Thomas F. Waters . 160 



CORRESPONDENCE of a business nature should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, Ma->. 

CORRESPONDENCE in regard to contributions to the Magazine may be sent to the editor, Rev. T. P. 
Waters, Ipswich, Mass., or to the office of publication, in Salem. 

BOOKS for review may be sent to the office of publication in Salem. Books should not be sent to individual 
editors of the magazine, unless by previous correspondence the editor consents to review the book. 

SUBSCRIPTION should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, Mass. Subscriptions are #2 " 
payable in advance, post-paid to any address in the United Mates or Canada. To foreign countries in the I ostal 
Union $2.75. Single copies of back numbers 75 cents each. 

REMITTANCES may be made in currency or two cent postage stamps; many subscriptions are sent throng* 
the mail in this wav, and they are seldom lost, but such remittances mu ? t be at the risk of the sender, lo avoid a.: 
danger of loss send by post-office money order, bank check, or express money order. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS When a subscriber makes a change of address he should notify the pui.lisher- 
giving both his old and new addresses. The publishers cannot be responsible for lost copies, if they are not DOQ- 
ned of such changes. 

ON SALE. Copies of this magazine are on sale in Boston, at W.B Clark's & Co 28 Tremont ; S ltree£ Old 
Corner Book Store, 29 Brotnfield' Street ; Smith & McCance, 3* Bromfield Street; in Aeu, For£ «*J»*° ^JMg 
maker's, Broadwav 4th, 9th and 10th Streets; in Washington, at Brentanos, F & LithM., in Chicago, at A. C. 
McClurg's & Co., 221 Wabash Ave. 

Entered as second-class matter March 13, 190S, at the post office at Salem, Mass., under the act of Congre* 8 of 
March 3, 1879. Office of publication, 4 Central Street, Salem, Maes. 




THOMAS HUTCHINSON 

LAST ROYAL GOVERNOR OF MASSACHUSETTS 



By R. A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. 



The suggestion that a monument be raised in memory of Gov. Thomas Hut- 
chinson may excite much surprise. Probably the sum and substance of popular 
knowledge of him is that he mas the royal Governor, that he was regarded as dis- 
loyal to the colony, and that his home was sacked and bupied by a mob. He was 
summoned to England and spent there the rest of his life. We are not prepared 
to champion his cause to this extent, but we would plead for a fair hearing for 
those who are sure that he suffered unjust blame in his life, and that his memory 
should at last be cleared from reproach. Oliver Cromwell's body was torn from 
its resting place and exposed to the foulest ignominy after the Restoration. For 
two centuries his name was anathema to the English people. But Thomas 
Carlyle rose above the popular judgment, made critical examination of his career, 
and published his "Life and Letters," and the judgment of the world today is 
that no honor to his memory can be deemed too great. 

The judgment of contemporaries is not always just. Angry passions prevent 
judicial fairness. If George Washington had died in the thick of the fight in the 
political arena, while he was the victim of the rancor of his opponents, the nation 
might not have mourned his loss. Hamilton suffered much detraction in his 
time. It may be that Governor Hutchinson was the victim of unhappy circum- 
stances. Certainly his services to the colony in the role oj historian and scholar 
should not be overlooked lightly. — EDITOR. 

THE following epitome of facts relating to the life of Thomas Hutchinson, 
a child of Boston, and an illustrious son of Massachusetts may serve to 
direct attention to a distinguished American whose lofty character has 
been underestimated in the history of his State, which he served faithfully 
and well during forty years, and who, notwithstanding his political predilec- 



92 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

tions, was a martyr to a sense of unflinching duty, of whom any State w 
Country should be proud. 

William Hutchinson, grandson of John Hutchinson, Mayor of Lincoln, 
England, came to Boston in 1634, accompanied by his wife, Anne, heroine of 
the Antinomian heresy, — who was banished to Long Island, and was buI 
quently killed there, with all her children, save one,— Col. Edward Hutchinson, 
who was afterwards killed in King Philip's war. A son of the last-named, 
Elisha Hutchinson, became the first Chief Justice, and Commander of the 
town of Boston. His son was Col. Thomas Hutchinson, the father of Thomas 
Hutchinson, who became Governor of Massachusetts. Thus Governor Hut- 
chinson was the great, great, great grandson of the famous Anne. 

Thomas Hutchinson was the son of Thomas Hutchinson and Sarah Foster, 
his wife. He was born in Boston, September 9th, 1711, being fourth son of 
a family of twelve. 

His home was in Garden Court Street, North Square, said to have been the 
finest house in Boston, and here he resided for many years, until it was de- 
stroyed with its contents, by the mob in 1765. 

He graduated at Harvard in 1727, becoming M. A. three years afterwards. 

In 1735 he married Margaret Sanford, one of the three wealthy daughters 
of Governor Sanford of Rhode Island, and he also joined the Church in this 
year. 

In 1737 he became Selectman, and was also elected as a Representative 
of the General Court, thus beginning his public career. 

In 1746, 7, and S, he was Speaker of the House of Representatives; and 
in 1752, he was appointed Judge of Probate, and Justice of Common Pleas. 

In 1758 he became Lieut. Governor, and in 1760 he was appointed Chief 
Justice, and Acting Governor in 1769. 

In 1771 he received his Commission as Royal Governor of Massachusetts, 
an office which he filled until 1774. 

Amongst all the Royal Governors of Massachusetts Thomas Hutchinson 
was the most distinguished, not only foi his administrative and financial 
ability and many acquirements, but for the purity and loftiness of his char- 
acter, and his zealous loyalty to duty amid circumstances of almost unpre- 
cedented hostility. For forty years he devoted himself assiduously, and in 
a spirit of self-sacrifice, to the faithful discharge of the responsible public 
duties devolving upon him in every department of public life, from Repre- 
sentative of the General Council to Royal Governor of the Commonwealth; 
and during the stirring, pre-revolutionary times in which he lived, associated 
as they were with popular excitement and excesses, he maintained a reputation 



THOMAS HUTCHINSON 93 

for honesty of purpose, unswerving personal honour, and incorruptibility of 
character which few have ever surpassed. As Mr. Stark says: — "No public 
man of this State was ever subject to more slander, personal abuse and mis- 
representation than he, and no son of Massachusetts ever did so mucfa 
benefit and advance the best interests of the State: beyond all question he 
was the greatest and most famous man Massachusetts has ever produo 
The following quotation from John Adams's Diary, under date March 17th, 
1766, shows how highly he estimated Hutchinson before political rancour 
poisoned the well-springs of honest conviction: — "Has (sic ) not his merits 
been sounded very high by his countrymen for twenty years? Have not his 
countrymen loved, admired, revered, rewarded, nay, almost adored him? 
Have not ninety-nine in a hundred of them thought him the greatest and best 
man in America? Has not the perpetual language of many members of 
both Houses, and of a majority of his brother Counselors been, that Mr. 
Hutchinson is a great man, a pious, a wise, a learned, a good man, an eminent 
saint, a philosopher, etc.? Nay, have not the affections and the admiration 
of his countrymen arisen so high as often to style him the greatest and best 
man in the world, that they never saw, nor heard, nor read of such a man — 
a sort of apotheosis like that of Alexander and that of Caesar while they lived"'" 
Surely "The force of Nature could no further go:" but Tempora mutantur et 
mutamur in Mis ! 

Governor Hutchinson, moreover, found time to write, in three volumes, at 
intervals, "The History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay," — a work which 
is still regarded as the standard authority on everything concerning the early 
planting and development of New England. The first volume was published 
in 1764, the second in 1767, but the third did not make its appearance until 
1828, — more than forty years after his death. 

In 1769 he also published a "Collection of Original Papers relative to the 
Colony of Massachusetts Bay," which is replete with historic interest, and of 
much importance to students of New England history. 

In 1774, by command of the King, Governor Hutchinson arrived in Lon- 
don, where he resided until his death in 17S0. He lived in stirring times, and 
he was loyal to his duty as he recognized it. Many changes have occurred 
since he left Massachusetts; but a careful examination of his life work and 
character must convince any unprejudiced mind that he was a great and 
good man, and an honour to his native land. 



THE CAPTAIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 

HOMESTEAD 



By George Williams Pierce 



Among the many historic places of interest in the beautiful old town of 
North Andover, perhaps not the least is the old Johnson homestead. 

Situated on the Haverhill road on a slight elevation, and shaded by grand 
old elms mere than a century old, this old mansion was built by Captain 
Timothy Johnson about 1705 and it was here he brought his young bride, 
Katherine Sprague. Built in the prevailing Colonial style of the period, it 
was considered one of the finest in the town. It contains twenty or more 
rooms with unusually high ceilings. The interior has been somewhat changed 
from the original, but the parlor with its unique panelled fire place still shows 
the original paper on the walls: a paper imported from England and put on in 
square pieces,with little evidence of the wear and tear of 200 years. Opposite 
the house is the "Great Elm", which in the writer's boyhood had seats in its 
branches, holding fifteen or more persons. It is still flourishing and one of 
the landmarks of the vicinity. On the Green in Revolutionary days, many 
a soldier received his first lessons in the manual of arms. 

It seems probable that John Johnson, the imigrant ancestor of the John- 
son family of North Andover, removed to the town from Ipswich some time 
between 1650 and 1660. His son, Timothy, married Rebecca Aslet or Ast- 
lebe, and their home, the foundation of which can still be traced, was situated 
in what is now a meadow, but at that time was on the old trail towards 
the Merrimac River, east of the homestead which we have described. 

Timothy died in 1688 quite a young man, and his widow had to care for 
her large family. It was not until her son Timothy grew up and took the 
farm, that the family got well on its feet. They were poor, but Rebecca 
Astlebe in her grief and poverty was game. Besides attending to her 






' t 'i 



... 



•■ • 



"" " - ■ 



•ittgE 









'r»i 



I r - 

• 









g 



H 



j . ^>>(>«dw 



' 






■ 



^ 






*> 



-X — Tl^p-- --.. „ 



CAPTAIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON HOMESTEAD 95 

family duties, she- was for eight years in charge of the meeting house, doing 
the sweeping and ringing the bell, for which she received the munificent sum 
of 40 shillings a year. 

In 1692, four years after her husband's death, the witch-craft delusion 
which spared neither age, sex or social position, raged in Andover and many 
were the arrests and imprisonments. Rebecca and her daughter-in-law, 
Elizabeth Dane, wife of Stephen Johnson, and her three children were among 
the accused, and she, the widow, notwithstanding her excellent Christian 
character was confined months in jail, and with others suffered from the 
rigor of the cold winter weather and hardships, enough to break down her 
vigorous constitution. Fortunately the craze was of short duration and she 
and others were released. 

In a raid on the town in the winter of 169S, the Johnson house was at- 
tacked, and some think was burned by the Indians, and Rebecca's daughter, 
Penelope, a young lady of about nineteen, was killed. This was probably 
the last Indian attack upon the town. 

It does not seem possible to trace the title of the property to the original 
grant. It is stated that in the raid just mentioned, some of the town records 
were destroyed or carried away. 

But better times were in store for Rebecca and her family. Her son 
Stephen had already married Elizabeth Dane, the Rev. Francis Dane's 
daughter, which gave the family excellent social connections, as the minister 
w r as the chief man of the town. 

Timothy was able and energetic, worked hard, invested in land, acquired a 
competency, married Katherine Sprague, daughter of Phineas Sprague, and 
with her dowry became wealthy and a man of affairs. 

The house and property were handed down in the Johnson line from 
Captain Timothy to his son, Col. Samuel Johnson, who left it to his younger 
son Capt. Joshua Johnson, and he to his son Dr. Samuel Johnson of Salem, 
who bequeathed it to Rev. Samuel Johnson and on his death it passed to 
his sister Miss Kate Johnson, the present occupant and owner. 

Captain Timothy Johnson may be considered as the founder of the for- 
tunes of the North Andover Johnsons, and early became prominent in town 
and church affairs. He was Lieut, in 1720, Captain in 1737, Representative 
to the General Court five terms. In 1745 was an officer in the Louisburg 
expedition under Pepperell. His son Timothy died in camp at Louisburg 
in the King's service. 



9 6 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

He was many years moderator at the town meeting; was among the 

highest in the "dignifying" of the pews in the meeting house, showing his 
-social position, and in 17G1 he gave a silver tankard to the church, 
still preserved with the other pieces of the Communion service. Be 
large landed property in North Andover, he was one of the first 
of Concord, N. H., and owned a residence there. 

Colonel Samuel Johnson was born March 23, 1713 and received as his 
portion the homestead and the large property connected with it. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Gage, daughter of Benjamin Gage of Bradford. He early 
became prominent in the affairs of the town and county and in 1754 was 
Lieut, in the 4th Regiment Militia of Essex County. In the ag- 
itation pending the Revolutionary war he was exceedingly active, and is 
spoken of as a man of "persuasive eloquence and of ardent patriotism, and 
remarkable personal influence", and early in 1775 was elected Colonel of the 
4th- Regiment, his oldest son, Samuel, being chosen 2nd Lieutenant. He 
was indefatigable in his labors to enlist men in the service of the Province, 
and not only he, but his four sons and son-in-law were in the service. He 
was commander of the 4th Regiment during the war and his sons marched 
with the Minute Men to Lexington and Concord, and his son Phineas was 
at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He was Representative to the General 
Court in 1777-1778 and 17S0. In September, 1777 Colonel Johnson was 
one of the three Mass. Colonels appointed by General Lincoln, then stationed 
at Manchester, Vt., to separate commands in the demonstration against Ft. 
Independence, Ticonderoga and Lake George. 

While this expedition did not succeed in the capture of the two fortresses 
it did succeed in capturing a British regiment, a large number of boats and 
stores, and better still, it released about one hundred American prisoners, 
taken in the Battle of Hubbardton. History says that when the news 
came to the American Camp at Saratoga, there was great rejoicing. 

After this exploit, the regiment returned to Manchester and Pawlet. Vt. 
and from thence marched to Stillwater in time to take an active part in 
the decisive battle at Saratoga, Oct. 7th, when Colonel Johnson's firmness 
and courage were particularly distinguished. He was present at Burgoyne's 
surrender. 

He died November 12, 1796. His epitaph and that of his wife on the 
grave stones in the old burying ground are particularly interesting and worth 
recording. 



CAPTAIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON HOMESTEAD 97 

Sacred to the Memory 
of 
^ Col. Samuel Johnson 

who departed this life Nov. 12, 1796 

M tat S4. 
Heaven wants not the last moment, 
Owns her friends on this side death 
And points them out to men. 

Sacred to the Memory 

of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Johnson 

Consort of CoL Samuel Johnson 

who departed this life Sept. ye 2d 1796 

M tat 74. 

Whose work is done, who triumphs in the past, 

Whose yesterdays, look backward with a smile. 

Captain Joshua Johnson, son of Col. Samuel Johnson, was born June S, 
1756 and in 1790 married Martha Spofford of Boxford. 

Joshua and his three brothers, Lieut. Samuel, Phineas and Peter, were 
in Capt. Thomas Poor's Company of Minute Men who responded to the Lex- 
ington Alarm on April 19th, 1775. He was in the action of May 27th, 1775 
at Chelsea, also in the Rhode Island Expedition which had been planned to 
drive the enemy from Newport. 

The writer has the original commissions to 

Joshua Johnson: 

Ensign 3rd Regiment, 2nd Brigade, County of Essex, Mass. 
Signed, John Hancock, Gov. May 22d, 17S9. 

Joshua Johnson: 

Capt. 3rd Regiment, 2nd Brigade, County of Essex, Mass. 
Signed, Moses Gill, Gov. June, 15, 1799. 

Also Commission to 

Samuel Johnson : 

Colonel 4th Regiment of Militia, County of Essex. 
Signed by the Major part of the Council of Massachusetts Bay in Xew 
England. 

Dated Watertown, Feb. 14, 1776. 






• 



m;> 



98 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Joshua Johnson died at the old homestead, August 7, 1S42 and his grave 
is in the old Burying Ground near the Unitarian Church. 

x The homestead, on Capt. Joshua Johnson's death passed into the pos- 
session of Dr. Samuel Johnson of Salem, his eldest son. He was born Dec. 
18, 1790, was a graduate of Harvard 1814, and for forty years one of the 
leading physicians of Salem. He married Anna Dodge, who died October 22, 
1849. He married second Mrs. Lucy P. Robinson. He died May 28, LS76. 

Rev. Samuel Johnson, eldest son of Dr. Samuel Johnson, inherited the 
property on his father's death. He was a graduate of Harvard 1842 and 
of the Divinity School 1846, and at one time minister of an Independent 
Religious Society at Lynn. He continued as a preacher until 1870. 

During the Anti-slavery conflict, he was an earnest advocate of immedi- 
ate emancipation. In 1846 in connection with his friend Rev. Samuel Long- 
fellow they compiled the "Hymns of the Spirit". 

His series of volumes on "Oriental Religions" are monuments to his 
learning and research. It is said of him, "He had fine scholarship, the loftiest 
morality, the most cordial friendliness of spirit ; he was conscientious, brave, 
sincere and modest". He died in the old home in North Andover, Feb. 12 
1882. 

Miss Kate Johnson, daughter of Dr. Samuel Johnson, and sister of the 
Rev. Samuel Johnson, is the present occupant and owner. She is active in 
in the social, religious and charitable life of North Andover and a staunch 
supporter of the old Unitarian Church, in which her ancestors worshipped 
for so many years. 



This is the eighth of a series of articles, giving the organization and history of all the Massachusetts 
regiments which took part in the war of the Re-.oluti n.] 

COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel Theophilcs Cotton's Minute Men's Regiment, 1775. 
16th Regiment Army of the United Colonies, 1775. 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

This Plymouth County Regiment was particularly noted for number of 
its officers who bore the names of the Pilgrim and Puritan fathers. The col- 
onel was a descendant of the Reverend John Cotton; the lieutenant-colonel 
descended from John Alden; the chaplain Sylvanus Conant, could have traced 
his ancestry back to the sturdy old planter, Roger Conant ; and two of the 
captains bore the honored Pilgrim name of Bradford. 

The following letter gives us our earliest record of the regiment ; 

"Mr. Thomas Plymouth April S; 1775. 

The Minute Regiment commanded by Col Cotton was Reviewed here 
last Monday & Tuesday. — The great proficiency they had made in the Mili- 
tary Art, gave real pleasure to the numerous body of spectators, & the good 
order & decency observed thro the whole Regiment the two day they con- 
tinued in Town demands our^nost gratefull acknowledgements — that fervent 
zeal, that manly determined resolution attempt' 1 with the great seriousnefs 
which appeared in the countenances of the whole Regiment afforded us the 
highest satisfaction, & we have much to hope from men actuated by princi- 
ple, in defence of that noble cause, the cause of Liberty, in which this whole 
continent is so heartily engaged. 

After the Twelve companys had marched into Town & had paraded 
some time in the main street, they proceeded to the meeting-house where 
the Rev d M r . Bacon made a prayer suited to the occasion, after which a spir- 
ited & very elegant oration well adapted to the Times, was delivered by Mr. 
Joshua Thomas, Adjutant of the Regiment, & the solemnity was concluded 
by singing the 20th Psalm ommitting the 6th verse. 

To Mr. Isaiah Thomas, 

Printer, 

Boston." 



100 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

It is interesting to read in the Psalm selected, — "In the name of our 
God we will set up our banners. . . . Some trust in chariots, and some in 
horses: but we will remember the name of the Lord our God.". 

Twelve companies are mentioned as being present on the above occasion 
but only five companies credited to this regiment are to be found among the 
minute mens rolls in the archives. They were officered as follows; 

"Captain. 1st Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant. 

Earl Clapp Isaac Pope ' Charles Church 

John Bradford Jefsee Sturtevant Ens James Harlow 

John Bridgham Nehemiah Cobb Benjamin Ward 

Edward Hammond John Burggs Timothy Ruggls 

Peleg Wadsworth Seth Drew Joseph Samfon" 

It is possible that more of the companies responded to the Lexington 
Alarm but this regiment is mentioned only in the returns of the five here 
given. 

This command was organized as a Provincial Regiment, April 23, 1775, 
and we find the following list of field and staff officicers who served between 
that date and August 1, 1775; 

"Colonel Theophilus Cotton, of Plymouth. 

Lieut. Colonel Ichabod Alden, of Duxbury. 

Major Ebenezer Sprout, Middleborough. 

Chaplain Silvanus Conant do 

Adjt. Joshua Thomas, Plymouth. 

Surgeon, William Thomas " • 

Sur. Mate John Thomas " 

Q Master (John) Cotton" " 

"A list of the companies belonging to Coll° Cottons regiment, stationed in 
Roxbury. 

Capt Thomas Mayhew's com^y inclu in « Serg t3 59 

Sub Nath'l Lewis 
Benj a Warren 

Capt Earl Clap's company includ in * Serg t3 60 

Sub Ifaac Pope 

Charles Church 

Capt John Bradford's Com Q y include Serg t3 58 

Sub Jefse Sturtefant 
Thomas Sampfon 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 101 

Capt John Bridgham's com n >' inclu in * Serg st 58 

y ' £ub Edward Sparrow 
Nehemiah Cobb 

Capt Joshua Benfon's com n y include Sergts 59 

Sub William Thompfon 
James Smith 

Capt Ifaac Wood's Com n >' includ in * Sergts 59 

Sub Abiel Townshend 
Foxwell Thomas 

Capt Peleg Wadsworth 53 

Capt Amos Wade 59 

Capt Sam 1 Bradford 56 

Capt Edw d Hamond 41 



562 
Staff Officers, Doc tr W m Thomas Surgeon 

John Thomas, Mate. 

Mr. John Cotton Jun r Quarter Master 

Joshua Thomas, Adjt. 

In Provin Congrefs, Watertown May 26, 1775. 
Resolved That Commifsions be delivd out to the officers of Coll° Cotton's 
Regiment agreeable to the within Lift. 

Sam 1 Freeman Secy" 

"In Provincial Congrefs May 27, 1775. 
Ordered That Commifsions be delivered to Ichabod'Alden Esq Lieut Coll, 
& Ebenezer Sprout Jun Major of Coll Theophilus Cotton's Regiment. 

Sam 1 Freeman Secy" 

The following list of line officers is given in Colonel Henshaw's Orderly 
Book, as given in the Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, v. XV, 
pp. 77-8. 

"Captains Lieutenants 2nd Lieutenants 

Thomas May hew Nathan Lewis Benjamin Warren 

Earl Clapp Isaac Pope Charles Church 

John Bradford Jesse Shirtefant Thomas Sampson 

John Brigham Edward Sparrow Nehemiah Cobb 



102 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Captains 
Joshua Benson 
Isaac Wood 
Peleg Wadsworth 
Samuel Bradford 
Amos Wade 
Edward Hammon (d) 



Lieutenants 
William Thompson 
Abiel Townsend 
Seth Dow (Drew) 
Andrew Sampson 
Arcippus(Archelaus)Co1e 
Timothy Ruggles 



2nd Lieutenants 
James Smith 
Foxwell Thomas 
Joseph Sampson 
Judah Alden 
Lemuel Wood 
Nathan Sears" 



Towns 



"Captains 

John Bradford, Halifax, Plympton. 

Isaac Wood, Middleboro. 

John Bridgham, Plympton, Wareham, Plymouth, Middeboro, Rochester," 

Freetown. 
Samuel Bradford, Duxbury. 

Peleg Wadsworth, Kingston, Plymouth, Duxbury. 
Edward Hammond, Rochester, Wareham, Dartmouth, Yarmouth, Duxbury, 

Plymouth, Sandwich (Providence, R. I.) 
Earl Clap, Rochester, Middleboro, Dartmouth. 
Thomas Mayhew, Plymouth, Boston, Canterbury, Ct. 
Amos Wade, Middleboro, Taunton. 

Joshua Benson, Middleboro, Wareham, Plymouth. Plympton Rochester." 

Massachusetts Archives. 

"In Congress, Watertown June 23, 1775. 
Sir; As it appears to this Congress highly probable that the Army 
of our enemies will speedily make the utmost effort to force our lines and pene- 
trate into the country, they have judged it absolutely necessary for the 
strengthening of the Army before Boston, that the eight Companies now post- 
ed in County of Plymouth, belonging partly to General Thomas's Regiment 
and partly to Colonel Cottons Regiment should immeiately join the said 
Army. You are therefore directed without delay, to give the orders necessary 
for the marching of the said eight Companies to the said Army, as as may be. 

the said Army, as soon as may be. 

/ To General Ward." 

The proper defence of the seacoast required the return of two of these 
companies to Plymouth, after a short stay of one week at Roxbury, as the 
following resolve, shows; 

"Resolved, That General Ward be and hereby is directed immediately to 
issue orders that two full Companies from Colonel Cotton's Regiment under 



,;**;?>& 






COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 103 

proper officers march without delay to Plymouth, and there remain for the 
guard and defence of the inhabitants till they can be relieved by such Com- 
panies as are to be raised for the defence and protection of the seacoasts and 
to be stationed there for that purpose." 

The regiment served through the year in the fortifications at Roxbury 
in General Thomas's Brigade, Major General Ward's Division. The strength 
of the regiment each month was as follows; 



Date. 


Com. Off. 


Staff. 


Non Com. 


Rank & File 


June 16 


33 




59 


496 


July 


33 


4 


60 


500 


Aug. 18 


33 


5 


60 


511 


Sept. 23 


32 


4 


60 


511 


Oct. 17 


32 


5 


60 


502 


Nov. 18 


31 


5 


60 


504 


Dec. 30 


30 


5 


60 


479 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON was the son of Reverend John and 
Hannah (Sturtevant) Cotton of Halifax, Plymouth County. He was a de- 
scendant in the fifth generation of the Reverend John Cotton, of the First 
Church in Boston. In 1771 and 2, he served as a Captain in Colonel George 
Watson's Plymouth County Regiment. He was a delegate from Plymouth 
to the Plymouth County Convention, held September 26-7, 1774. The letter 
at the beginning of this article shows that he commanded a "Minute Regi- 
ment" as early as April 8, 1775, and at least five of the companies under him 
responded to the Lexington Alarm on the 19th of April. Four days later 
he was engaged as colonel of the reorganized Provincial Regiment, known as 
the 4th Massachusetts Bay Regiment which in July became the 16th Regi- 
ment, Army of the United Colonies. He held the command of this organiza- 
tion through the year. February 1, 1777, he was commissioned Colonel of 
the 1st Plymouth County (Militia) Regiment, serving in the brigades of Gen- 
erals Palmer and Joseph Cushing at Rhode Island. He was also Colonel of 
a regiment at Rhode Island from March 3, to March 31, 1781. He died in the 
following year. His gravestone on Burial Hill, Plymouth, bears the follow- 
ing inscription ; "To the memory of Col. Theophilus Cotton, who departed 
this Life Feb>' ye ISth 17S2— Aetatis 66 years. The firm Patriot there Who 
made the welfare of mankind his care Shall know he conquered." He com- 
piler of the book of Burial Hill epitaphs refers to him as a "zealous and active 
whig and patriot." 



104 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUT. COLONEL ICHABOD ALDEN was the son of Captain Samuel 
and Sarah (Sprague) Alden, and was born August 11, 1739. He was a great- 
grandson of John and Priscilla (Mullens) Alden, the Pilgrims. He served in 
1758 and 9 in Captain Gamaliel Bradford's Company, Colonel Doty's Regi- 
ment. From March 31, to November 1, 1759, he was in Captain Ephraim 
Holmes's Company, Colonel Thwing's Regiment, at Lunenburgh, N. S„ serv- 
ing as Ensign. Through 1761 he was a Lieutenant in Captain Moses Hart's 
Company, Colonel Jonathan Hoar's Regiment. He served as Lieutenant Col- 
onel of Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment through 1775, and through 
1776 held the same rank in Colonel William Bond's 25th Regiment, Con- 
tinental Army. November 1, 1776, he was commissioned Colonel of the 
7th Regiment, Massachusetts Line, leading that command until he was killed 
at Cherry Valley, November 10, 1778. 

MAJOR EBENEZER SPROUT or (SPROAT) was born in the old Sproat 
Tavern at Middleboro in 1752. He was the son of Ebenezer Sproat. As "Cap- 
tain" Ebenezer Sprout, he w T as delegate to the Plymouth County Convention, 
September 26-7, 1774. In the following month he was a delegate to the First 
Provincial Congress, from Middleborough. He served as Major of Colonel The- 
ophilus Cotton's Regiment from it's formation through the year 1775. During 
1776, he was Major of Colonel Ebenezer Learned 's 3d Regiment Continental 
Army. He was Lieut. Colonel of Colonel William Shepard's 4th Regiment 
Massachusetts Line from January 1, 1777, to September 29, 177S, when he was 
commissioned Lieut. Colonel Commandant of the 12th Regiment, Massachusetts 
Line. He commanded that regiment until January* 1st 1781, when he was 
given the command with the same rank of the 2nd Regiment, Massachusetts 
Line (formerly Bailey's) continuing that service until November 1783. Thomas 
Weston in his History of the Town of Middleborough" wrote of him as follows; 
"He inherited the virtues of his father, and in addition to this, he was noted 

for his boldness and energy, tempered by prudence and sagacity it was 

said at the time that he was the tallest man in his regiment, being six feet 
four inches in height, and of perfect proportions. He had winning ways, and 
yet the sternness of an able military commander. He was a strict discipli- 
narian, but his agreeable manner, his intelligence and cheerful disposition, 
made him a universal favorite with his officers and men. His knowledge of 
the art of war and the thorough discipline that he maintained, attracted the 
attention of Baron Steuben, who appointed him inspector of the brigade, an 
office he filled to the satisfaction of his superior officers. He was a friend of 
General Washington and was frequently admitted to his confidence." He 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 105 

was in the famous Glover Brigade at Trenton, Princeton and Monmouth and in 
the Sullivan campaigns in Rhode Island in 1778-9. After the war he lived tor 
a time in Providence. R. I., and in 17S6 was appointed surveyor for R. I. of 
the lands west of the Ohio River. He led a party to the banks of the Muskin- 
gum River where they arrived April 7, 17SS, and began the settlement of Mari- 
etta. Thomas Weston in the volume previously quoted, tells us that ''his fear- 
less character as well as his fairness in dealing with the Indians, soon won their 
respect. The Indians called him Hetuck or Big Buckeye, from his eagle eye 
and stately bearing. He rose to be a prominent man in the state, and from 
the name the Indians gave him, Ohio took the name of the Buckeye state." He 
has been duly honored by the citizens of Marietta as the founder of a number 
of institutions which have helped to make Ohio "the Massachusetts of the 
West." He was an original member of the Society of the Cincinnatti. He died 
Marietta, in February 1S05. 

'CHAPLAIN SYLVANUS CONANT of Middleborough, was born in Bridge- 
water, November 17, 1720. He was the son of Lot and Deborah (Lovell) 
Conant and a descendant of the Puritan Planter and Governor, Roger Conant, 
in the fifth generation. He graduated at Harvard College in 1740 and was 
ordained 4th pastor of the First Congregational Church at Middleborough, 
March 28, 1745, where he continued in the ministry nearly thirty-three years 
until his death. He served as chaplain in the Crown Point expedition in 
1755, as the following extract from the diary of Rev. Samuel Chandler will 
show; "Nov. 10, I read and visited. Mr. Conant came to our camp who is 
chaplain of Colonel Thatcher's regiment. He prayed upon parade.'* He was 
engaged as Chaplain of Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, April 23, 1775, 
and served through the year. September 2S, 1776, he was engaged as Chap- 
lain of Colonel John Cushing's 2nd Plymouth County Regiment, September 
28, 1776, for Rhode Island service. He died December S, 1777 of small-pox. 

ADJUTANT JOSHUA THOMAS of Plymouth, was the son of the Sur- 
geon of the regiment, Doctor William and (Bridgham) Thomas. He 

was born in 1751. He was engaged as Adjutant of Colonel Theophilus Cot- 
ton-'s Regiment, April 23, 1775, but as early as April Sth was serving in the 
same rank in Colonel Cotton's "Minute Regiment," as the letter reproduced 
in the beginning of this article will show. He served through the year 1775 
and January 1st 1776, was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant and Adjutant in 
Colonel John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army. He was for many 
years President of the Plymouth County Bar. He died January 10, 1821. 






zpf.*:: 



106 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

SURGEON WILLIAM THOMAS of Plymouth, was born in Boston in 
1718. The author of the "Thomas Book", states that he was on the medical 
staff of the expedition against Louisburg in 1745, and we know from the rec- 
ords in the Archives that he was Surgeon of Colonel Joseph Thatcher's Reg- 
iment on the Crown Point expedition September 12 to December 16, 1756. 
He and four of his sons joined the Revolutionary Army in 1775. He was 
engaged April 23d of that year as Surgeon of Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 
Regiment and served through the year. June 27. 1777, he was appointed 
Surgeon of Colonel Danforth Keyes's Regiment, for the defence of Boston 
and served six months. 

SURGEON'S MATE JOHN THOMAS of Plymouth, was the third son of 
Surgeon "William Thomas. He was engaged as Surgeon's Mate of Colonel 
Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, April 23, 1775, and served through the. year. 
In 1776 he was Surgeon's Mate of Colonel John Bailey's 23d Regiment. Conti- 
nental Army. January 1, 1777, he was commissioned Surgeon of Colonel 
James Wesson's 9th Regiment, Massachusetts Line. He remained in that 
regiment January 1, 17S1, when he was transferred to Colonel Michael Jack- 
son's 8th Regiment, Massachusetts Line. He served through the remainder 
of the war in this command and in a return of effectives dated October 31, 
1783, was reported on furlough at Poughkeepsie by leave of General Wash- 
ington. He established himself in that place after the war and became one of 
the leading physicians there. He died October 30, 1S19. 

QUARTERMASTER JOHN COTTON of Plymouth, was Ensign in Cap- 
tain Theophilus Cotton's Company, Colonel George Watson's 1st Plymouth 
County Regiment, in August 1771. April 23, 1775, he was engaged as 
Quartermaster of Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment and served through 
the year. Through .1776 he was Ensign in Captain Elijah Crooker's Company, 
Colonel John Bailey's 23d. Regiment, Continental Army. In 1777 he became 
First Lieutenant in Captain Daniel Shays' s Company, Colonel Rufus Putnam s 
5th Regiment, Massachusetts Line. He resigned October 3, 17S0, and died 
February 1, 1831. 

m CAPTAIN JOSHUA BENSON JR. of Middleborough was first Lieuten- 
ant of Captain William Shaw's Middleborough Company, which responded 
to the Lexington Alarm of April 19,1775. May 2nd he was engaged as a 
Captain in Colonel* Theophilus Cotton's Regiment and he served through the 
year. In 1776 he was First Lieutenant in Captain Jonathan Allen's Company, 
in Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Regiment, Continental Army. From Janu- 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 107 

ary 1, 1777, to June 15, 1781, he served as Captain in Colonel Rufus Put- 
nam's 5th Regiment, Massachusetts Line, and from July IS, to July 25, 17S3, 
was in Colonel Joseph Vose's 1st Regiment, Massachusetts Line. He was 
brevetted Major, September 30, 17S3. 

CAPTAIN JOHN BRADFORD of Plympton, served first as a private in 
Captain Samuel Peck's Regiment, at the Saint Lawrence River from May 5, 
to November 20, 1759. In 1762 he was Captain of the 1st Plymouth Com- 
pany, in Colonel George Wattson's Regiment. He was a Captain in Colonel 
Theophilus Cotton's Regiment which marched in response to the Lexington 
Alarm of April 19, 1775. May 2nd he enlisted to serve under the same com- 
mander in the Provincial Army and continued under him through the year. 
In September 1777, he was a "Captain serving as Continental Agent." 

CAPTAIN SAMUEL BRADFORD of Duxbury, was the son of Hon. 
Gamaliel and Abigail (Bradford) Bradford. He was born in Duxbury Jan- 
uary 2, 1730. He was a brother of Colonel Gamaliel Bradford, commander of 
the 1st Plymouth County Regiment in 1776, and the 14th Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Line in 1777 — 1781. He was Captain of the 1st Duxbury Company, in 
Colonel George Wattson's Regiment, August, 1771. He commanded a company 
in Colonel James Warren's Regiment, which marched on the Lexington alarm 
of April 19, 1775. May 13, 1775 he "enlisted" as Captain in Colonel Theo- 
philus Cotton's Regiment and served in that command through the year. 

CAPTAIN JOHN BRIDGHAM of Plympton, commanded a company in 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's "Minute" Regiment on the Lexington alarm 
April 19, 1775. May 2nd he enlisted as Captain in Colonel Cotton's Provin- 
cial Regiment and served (probably) through the year. He held the same 
rank in the Colonel John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army in 1776. 
From July 29, 1778 to the 13th of the following September he was a Captain 
serving as a volunteer in Captain William Crow Cotton's Company, Colonel 
Josiah Whitney's Regiment, at Rhode Island. 

CAPTAIN EARL CLAPP of Rochester, was the son of Ebenezer and 
Mary (Winslow) Clapp, and a descendant in the 5th generation of Thomas Clapp 
who was at Weymouth in 1638. He was born April 21, 1741. He served as 
a private in Captain Gamaliel Bradford's Company, Colonel Thomas Doty's 
Regiment, from April 12, to October 26, 175S; and in Stephen Whipple's 
Company, Colonel Bagley's Regiment from January 1. 1760, to March 16, 
1761. He commanded a company of minute men in Colonel Theophilus 



108 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Cotton's Regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775, and served under 
the same commander through the year. During 1776, he was a Captain in 
Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Regiment, Continental Army. He was com- 
missioned Major of Colonel Danforth Reyes's Regiment, July 23, 1777, and 
from July 27, to October 31, 17S0, held the same rank in Colonel John Jacobs's 
Light Infantry Regiment. The author of "The Clapp Family in America,'' 
refers to him as follows; "He took a very prominent part in the affairs of 
of the town of Rochester, where he lived, his name appearing on several 
committees appointed by the town during the troublous times of the Revolu- 
tion. . . .He served the through the war (as above stated), bearing the 
character of a a brave and energetic man. It appears by the records that 
he lived in Woodstock, Ct., in 1S01 and 2 . . . Major Clapp received a pen- 
sion of S560 per year from the United States. Government during the later part 
of his life. He died in 1835, aged about 94 years. Major Earl married first, 
Sarah daughter of Jeremiah How. She was the mother of all his children." 

CAPTAIN EDWARD HAMMOND of Rochester, was a private in Cap- 
tain Joshua Moody's Company Colonel Bagley's Regiment, at Louisburg Janu- 
ary 1,1760, to January 12,1761. He commanded a company of minute men in 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment on the Lexington alarm April 19, 1775- 
and eight days later was engaged as Captain in the Provincial Regiment under 
the same commander. He served (probably) through the year. He was engaged 
August 13, 1779, as a Captain under Captain Samuel Fisher Commandant of a 
regiment and served until September 13, 1779. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS MAYHEW of Plymouth, may have been the man 
of that name who marched as a private in Captain Joshua Fuller's Company, 
Colonel William Brattle's Regiment, in 1757. He was a First Lieutenant in 
Captain Abraham Hammatt's Company, which marched from Plymouth on 
the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775. He was engaged May 1st, as Captain 
in Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment and served through the year. Dur- 
ing 1776 he was a Captain in Colonel William Bond's 25th Regiment Conti- 
nental Army. In 1777 he was Captain in command of a matross company in 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 1st Plymouth County Regiment. 

CAPTAIN AMOS W T ADE of Middleborough, was probably the man of that 
name who served as a private in Lieut. Colonel Thomas Doty's Company, 
Colonel Joseph Thatcher's Regiment, in 1756.? At that time he lived in Bridg- 
water and was 24 years of age. He was Captain of the 3d Middleborough 
Company on the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775, and May 1st was en- 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 109 

gaged as Captain in Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment. He served 
through the year. In May and September 177S, he was a "Captain serving 
as a volunteer" in Captain Joshua White's Company, Lieut. Colonel Ebenezer 
Sprout's Regiment. 

CAPTAIN PELEG WADSWORTH of Kingston, was the son of Deacon 
Peleg and Susanna (Sampson) Wadsworth, of Duxbury. He was born in 
that town May 6, 1748, and graduated at Harvard College in 1769. He en- 
gaged in teaching in Plymouth and removed to Kingston in 1774 or earlier. 
He was chosen a member of the Committee of Correspondence September 26, 
1774. April 19, 1775, he marched in command of a Kingston Company, in 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, in response to the Lexington alarm. 
He was engaged May 1st as Captain under the same commander in the Pro- 
vincial Army, and served through the year. His first child was born within 
the intrenchments at Dorchester Heights, August 28, 1775. During 1776, he 
was a Captain in Colonel John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army. 
In March 1776, he was appointed Aide to General Ward. He also served 
that year as an engineer under General Thomas and assisted in laying out the 
works at Roxbury. August 25, 1778, while in the camp before Newport, 
R.I., he was appointed Adjutant General of Massachusetts. He was com- 
missioned Brigadier General July 7, 1779, and was second in command of 
the land forces sent to the Penobscot that year. February 14, 17S0, he was 
placed in command of the defences of the "eastern parts of Massachusetts" 
(present coast of Maine.) The author of the "Wadsworth Family History," 
states that, "after his term of service expired, he w r as left with his family at 
his headquarters at Thomaston, with a guard of only six soldiers. The British 
commander at Castine heard of his exposed situation and February 18 f 
1781, sent a lieutenant and twenty-five men to capture him. He made an 
heroic defence but was finally w^ounded and captured and taken prisoner 
to Fort George. He was confined in a room with Major William Burton. 
At midnight on June 8, they made their escape through a hole which they had 
bored in the pine ceiling, General Wadsworth letting himself down the walls 
by a blanket. After three days of toil and suffering, they reached St. George's 
settlement. 

He returned to Massachusetts and in 1784 removed to Portland, Maine, 
building in the following year the famous brick residence on Congress Street, 
Portland. He engaged in trade there for several years. In 1792 he was elected 
to the Massachusetts Senate and the same year was elected a Member of Con- 
gress, holding this office for seven terms. He purchased in 1790, — 7,500 acres 



110 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

of land including the site of Hiram, Maine. He was a Mason and named it for 
Hiram, King of Tyre and Hiram Abiff, the first Most Excellent Grand Master. 
He removed there and was a selectman six years, treasurer twelve years and a 
magistrate for many years, being an arbiter and always a peace-maker. He 
was regarded as the patriarch of the settlement, and his home was the central 
point in the region for law, literature, refinement and hospitality. ... He estab- 
lished a free school at the town house, and rode through the town on horse- 
back in his eightieth year, inviting the children to attend. . . . Dutv was his 
guiding star. His lofty character founded on truth, justice and integrity, as 
upon the Rock of Ages, is still reverenced by his townsmen and cherished as a 
precious legacy by his posterity. He died in Hiram, Maine, July 20, 1825." 

CAPTAIN ISAAC WOOD of Middleborough, was Captain of the 2nd 
Company of Minute-Men from that town April 19, 1775. During 177C>, he 
was a Captain in Colonel Ebenezer Learned's 3d Regiment, Continental Army. 
May 2nd he was engaged to hold the same rank in Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 
Provincial Regiment and he served through the year. He also commanded 
a company in Colonel Thomas Carpenter's 1st Bristol County Regiment from 
July 20, to August 27, 1777, at Rhode Island. He was a Captain serving as 
private, in Captain John Barrows Company, Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's Regi- 
ment, May 6-9 and September 6-12, 177S. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JONATHAN BURGGS of Rochester, held that 
rank in Captain Edward Hammond's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 
Regiment April 19, 1775, on the Lexington alarm. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT NEHEMIAH COBB of Plympton, served in that 
rank in Captain John Bridgham's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regi- 
ment, in response to the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 2nd he was 
engaged as Ensign in the same company and served through the year. July 9, 
1780, he was appointed Lieutenant in Captain Jesse Sturtevant's Company 
in Colonel John Jacob's Regiment of Plymouth County men raised to reinforce 
the Continental Army. He served until November 1, 17S0. 

LIEUTENANT ARCHIPPUS COLE of Middleborough, was in all proba- 
bility the man of that name who was a private in Captain John Loring's Com- 
pany, Colonel Gamaliel Bradford's 1st Plymouth County Regiment, at Crown 
Point in September-October, 1756, and in Captain Benjamin Pratt's Company, 
Colonel Thomas Doty's Regiment, from April 10 to June — , 175S, 51 days. 
He was a lieutenant in Captain Amos Wade's Company, Colonel Theophilus 



,i-~F 






COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 111 

Cotton's Regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19. 1775. May 1. he was 

engaged in the same company and served through the year. In 1770 and 

1775 he is given as "a lieutenant serving as a private" in Captain William 
Tupper's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's Regiment, for service in Rhode 
Island. He again served in the same way under the same captain in Colonel 
Ebenezer White's Regiment, from August 1 to 9, 1780. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT SETH DREW of Kingston, was the son of Corne- 
lius and Sarah (Bartlett ) Drew, and was born in 1747. He was First Lieuten- 
ant in Captain Peleg Wadsworth's Company of Minute Men in Colonel Theo- 
philus Cotton's Regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 1, 
he was engaged for the same service in the Provincial army, and served through 
the year. He held the same rank in Captain Peleg Wadsworth's Companv, 
Colonel John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army, through 1776. Jan- 
uary 1, 1777, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel John Bailey's 2nd Regi- 
ment, Massachusetts Line. He served all through the campaigns with this 
regiment and July 31, 1781, was appointed Brigade Inspector. In Februarv- 
March, 1782, he served as Captain in Colonel William Shepard's 4th Regiment, 
Massachusetts Line. In January (7th according to the Historical Register 
of the officers of the Continental Army, 29th according to the records in the 
Massachusetts Archives) 1783, he was promoted to the rank of Major. He 
served until June 12, 1783. He died May IS, 1S24, and was buried at Kingston. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT NATHANIEL LEWIS of Plymouth ,was born m 
Lynn, November 14, 1751. He was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Carder ) 
Lewis. iVpril 20, 1775 he marched as Lieutenant in Captain Abraham Ham- 
matt's Company, on the Lexington alarm. May 1, he was engaged as First 
Lieutenant in Captain Thomas Mayhew's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cot- 
ton's Regiment and served through the year. His commission as Second 
Lieutenant was ordered August 30, 1770, for service in Captain Ebenezer 
Lothrop's Company, Colonel Nathaniel Freeman's 1st Barnstable County 
Regiment, guarding prisoners from the British ship "Somerset." 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ISAAC POPE of Rochester, was the son of Isaac 
and-Lydia (Mitchell; Pope, of Dartmouth, Mass. He was born July 3. 1744. 
He was first Lieutenant in Captain Earl Clapp's Companv of Minute Men in 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, April 19, 1775. May 2, he was en- 
gaged with the same rank and Company and served through the year. Through 

1776 he was First Lieutenant in Captain Eleazer Hamlen's Company, Colonel 
John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army. January 1, 1777, he was 



112 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

commissioned Captain in Colonel William Shepard's 4th Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Line, and October 12, 1782 was made Major in Colonel John Greaton's 
3d Regiment, Massachusetts Line. He retired January 1, 1783. In 1779, 
he removed with his family to Wells, Maine, and owned and lived in the Garri- 
son house there. In the "History of Wells, Maine," we read that he was a 
man of "uncommon urbanity, distinguished all his life for that suavitv of 
manner and general dignity of deportment which characterized the old Eng- 
lish gentleman. ... In these qualities of personal dignity and bearing, he prob- 
ably had no superior in Wells. ... He was a selectman for years. . . . Under 
the Act of 1818 he received a pension sufficient to sustain him in his declining 
years." He died June 3, 1820. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT TIMOTHY RUGGLES of Rochester, enlisted as 
First Lieutenant in Captain Edward Hammatt's Company, Colonel Theo- 
philus Cotton's Regiment, May 1, 1775, and served through the year. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ANDREW SAMPSON held that - ik in Captain 
Samuel Bradford's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's kegiment. His 
commission was ordered May 27, 1775. He was commissioned January 10, 
1777, as Captain of a company stationed at Plymouth (Gurnet). 

FIRST LIEUTENANT EDWARD SPARROW of Wareham, was a Ser- 
geant in Captain Israel Fearing's Company of Minute Men April 19, 1775. 
May 2nd he was engaged as First Lieutenant in Captain John Bridgham's 
Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, and served through the 
year. During 1776, he was First Lieutenant in Captain John Bridgham's 
Company, Colonel John Bailey's 3d Regiment, Continental Army. He was 
engaged as Captain in Colonel Danforth Reyes's Regiment, June 27, 1777, and 
served to January 2, 1778. He was listed as a "Captain serving as a volun- 
teer" in Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's Regiment, September 6-12, 1778. August 
4, 1779, he was commissioned (engaged July 1, 1779 ) Captain in Colonel 
Nathan Tyler's 3d Worcester County Regiment. From June 27, to October 
27, 1780, he was a Captain of Colonel John Jacob's Regiment. He was ap- 
pointed Brigade Major, August 12, 17S0, and served until October 27, 1780. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JESSE STURTEVANT of Halifax, served as 
First Lieutenant in Captain John Bradford's Company in Colonel Theophilus 
Cotton's Regiment, April 19, 1775. May 2nd he was engaged to serve under 
the same officers in the Provincial Regiment. He was First Lieutenant in 
Captain Earl Clapp's Company, Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Regiment, 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 113 

Continental Army, through 177G. In April 1777, he was a Captain in Colonel 
Jonathan Titcomb's Regiment for service in Rhode Island. He was com- 
missioned Captain in Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 1st Plymouth County 
Regiment. From July 10 to December 29, 17S0, he was a Captain in Colonel 
John Jacob's Regiment, in the Rhode Island service. He died September 

1, 1818. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM THOMPSON was ordered to be com- 
missioned, May 26, 1775, to serve in Captain Joshua Benson's Company, 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment. He probably served through the 
year. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ABIEL TOWNSEND of Middleborough served 
as Ensign in Captain Isaac Wood's Middleborough Company of Minute Men, 
April 19, 1775. May 2nd he was engaged as First Lieutenant under the 
same Captain : n the Provincial Regiment commanded by Colonel Theophilus 
Cotton. He t Ved until September 17, 1775, when he was killed by accident. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT BENJAMIN WARD of Plympton was the son 
of Ephraim and Sarah (Dunham) Ward. He was born in 1744. He served 
as Second Lieutenant in Captain John Bridgham's Company, Colonel Theo- 
philus Cotton's Regiment, April 19, 1775. From June 27, 1777 to January 

2, 1778, he was Second Lieutenant in Captain Edward Sparrow's Company, 
Colonel Danforth Keyes's Regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT LEMUEL WOOD of Middleborough was prob- 
ably the man of that name who was in Captain Samuel Thatcher's Company, 
Colonel Thatcher's Regiment, May 8, 1756; in Captain Joseph Tinkham's 
Company, Colonel Gamaliel Bradford's Regiment at Fort William Henry, 
August 1757; and in Captain Benjamin Pratt's Company, Colonel Doty's 
Regiment, in 175S. He was a Second Lieutenant in Captain Amos Wade's 
Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, in 1775. 

ENSIGN JUDAH ALDEN was the son of Colonel Briggs and Mercy 
(Wadsworth) Alden. He was born in Duxbury. October 31, 1750. He 
enlisted May 1, 1775, as an Ensign in Captain Samuel Bradford's Company, 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, and served through the year. In 
1776 he was First Lieutenant in Captain Samuel Bradford's Company. Colo- 
nel John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army. January 1, 1777. he was 
commissioned Captain in Colonel John Bailey's 2nd Regiment, Massachusetts 
Line. He was brevetted Major, September 30, 17S3, and served to Novem- 



u + . . THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

ber 3d. He inherited the Alden estates and married Welthea Wadsworth. 
He died March 12, 1845, aged ninety-four years. 

ENSIGN CHARLES CHURCH of Rochester held that rank in Captain 
Earl Clapp's Company of Minute Men in Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regi- 
ment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19th, 1775. May 2, he enlisted under 
the same officers in the Provincial Regiment and served through the year. 
Through 177(3, he was a Second Lieutenant in Captain Eleazer Hamlen's 
Company, Colonel John Bailey,' s 23d Regiment, Continental Army. Novem- 
ber 27, 1778, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's 4th 
Plymouth County Regiment, and he also served in that command under 
Lieut. Colonel Com. Ebenezer White from Julv 30 to August 8, 17S0. 

ENSIGN JAMES HARLOW served in Captain John Bradford's Company, 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 
1775. He may have been the man of that name who was a Captain in Colo- 
nel Simeon Cary's Regiment January-April, 1770; Colonel Gamaliel Bradford's 
1st Plymouth County Regiment, in June 177(3; Colonel Cary's Regiment again 
in October- December of the same year; Colonel Thomas Lothrop's 1st Ply- 
mouth County Regiment in 1777; Colonel Ezra Wood's Regiment in June 
177S; and Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 1st Plvmouth County Regiment in 
1779. 

ENSIGN JOSEPH SAMSON of Kingston may have been the man of that 
name who was a private in Lieut. Colonel John Kingsbury's Companv, Colo- 
nel Jonathan Bailey's Regiment, at Fort William Henry, October 12, 1756. 
He served as an Ensign in Colonel Peleg Wadsworth' s Company, Colonel 
Theophilus Cotton's Regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. 
May 1st he was engaged to serve under the same commanders and continued 
that service over three months at least. 

■ ENSIGN THOMAS SAMPSON (or SAMSON) of Plympton was probably 
the Thomas, son of Thomas and Lydia (Bryant ) Sampson, who was born in 
Plympton, in 1737. He was a Sergeant in Captain John Bradford's Com- 
pany, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, on the Lexington alarm of April 
19, 1775. May 2nd he was engaged as Second Lieutenant under the same 
officers and served through the year. He was commissioned Captain in 
Colonel Gamaliel Bradford's 1st Plymouth County Regiment, June 6, 1 77*3. 
In December 1770, he served as Captain in the 1st Plymouth County Regi- 
ment, Lieut. Colonel Thomas Lathrop, Commandant. He served as Captain 



COLONEL THEOPHILUS COTTON'S REGIMENT 115 

in the same regiment under Colonel Theophilus Cotton, in September-Octo- 
ber, 1777, in October, 1778 and in March 1781. 

ENSIGN NATHAN SEARS of Rochester was the son of Judah and Mary 
(Paddock ). Sears. He was born at Harwich, June IS, 1741. He was a 
private in Captain Edwafd Hammond's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cot- 
ton's Regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 1, 1775, he 
was engaged as an Ensign under the same officers and served through the 
year. During 1776, he was 2nd Lieutenant in Captain Peleg Wadsworth's 
Company, Colonel John Bailey's 23d Regiment, Continental Army. He died 
in Rochester, February 27, 1725. 

ENSIGN JAMES SMITH of Middleborough was in all probability the man 
of that name who was a private in Captain Joseph Tinkham's Company^ 
Colonel Gamaliel Bradford's Regiment, August 1757. He was a Sergeant in 
Captain William Shaw's 1st Middleborough Company of Minute Men, on the 
Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 2nd he was engaged as Ensign in 
Captain Joshua Benson's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, 
and served through the year. He was commissioned May 6, 1776, Second 
Lieutenant in Captain Nathaniel Wood's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's 
4th Plymouth County Regiment. He held the same rank in this company 
on two alarms in 177S, at Dartmouth, and in August 17S0, was First Lieu- 
tenant in Captain Jonah Washburn's Company, Colonel Ebenezer White's 
4th Plymouth County Regiment, in service at Rhode Island. 

ENSIGN FOXWELL TpOMAS of Middleborough was a Corporal in 
Captain Isaac Wood's Company of Minute Men, which marched from Middle- 
borough, April 19, 1775. May 1, 1775, he was engaged as an Ensign in 
Captain Isaac Wood's Company, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, and 
served through the year. In 1776, he was Second Lieutenant in Captain 
Isaac Wood's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Learned's 3d Regiment, Conti- 
nental Army. He also has a record of "Lieutenant serving as private," in 
Captain Abishai Tinkham's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's 4th Ply- 
mouth County Regiment, in May and September, 1778. He died either 
January 29, or September 10, (two records given ) 1829, in Franklin County, 
Massachusetts. 

ENSIGN BENJAMIN WARREN of Plymouth was the son of Benjamin 
and Rebecca (Doty) Warren. He was born in 1740. Several records of 
service of Benjamin Warren of Middleborough are given in the French war 



116 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

records in the archives, but it is not certain that they belonged to this man. 
He was a Sergeant in Captain Abraham Hammatt's Company, which marched 
from Plymouth on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 1, he was 
engaged as Ensign in Captain Thomas Mayhew's Company, Colonel Theo- 
philus Cotton's Regiment and served through the, year. During 1770, he 
was First Lieutenant in Captain Thomas Mayhew's Comany, Colonel Wil- 
liam Bond's 25th Regiment, Continental Army. January 1, 1777, he was 
commissioned Captain in Colonel Ichabod Alden's 7th Regiment, Massachu- 
setts Line. In May 1781, he served as Brigade Major, and was retired Janu- 
ary 1, 1783. He died June 10, 1825. 

During the war 16 of the officers above named were promoted as follows: 
1 to brigadier general, 1 colonel, 5 majors, 1 surgeon, 4 captains, 2 first 
lieutenants, 2 second lieutenants. 



[This is the eighth instalment of a series of articles on Massachusetts Pioneers to other states, to be 
published by The Massachusetts Magazine.) 

MASSACHUSETTS PIONEERS. 
MICHIGAN SERIES. 



By Charles A. Flagg 



t , B , e o s -!o e ? the abbreviations of book titles, (explained on pages 76, 77. 78 and 79 of April, and page 180 of 
July, 1908 issues) the following are used: b. for born; d. for died; m. for married; set. for settled in. 



Ensign, Lavina, m. Jonathan Hayden of 
N. Y. Branch Port., 598. 

Estabrook, Seth, b. 1795; set. N. Y.. 
1820? Saginaw Port., 939. 

Estes, Benjamin, set. Me., 1800? N. Y.; 
d. 1850. Lenawee Hist. I, 177; Lena- 
wee Port., 1216. 

■ C. H., b. 1836; set. Mich., 1838. 

Traverse, 92. 

Deborah, b. 1804; m. 1822 Libni 



Kelley of N. Y. and Mich. Lenawee 
Hist. I, 177. 

Edy, b. Marshfield, 1810; m. John 

Fraser of X. Y. and Mich. Kalama- 
zoo Hist., facing 506. 

Jerome, Co. D. 61st. Mass. Infantry; 

d. 1889. Grand Rapids Lowell, 369. 

Lucy B., m. 1842 Enos Canntff of 

Mich. Lenawee Port., 1200. 

■ Sylvanus, b. Plymouth Co., 1794; 

' set. N. Y., Mich., 1832. Hillsdale Port., 
740. 

Estey, Israel B., b. Rovalston? 1811; set. 
N. H., Vt. Clinton Port., 227. 

Etheridge, Samuel, b. -Adams. 1788; set. 
Mich., 1836. Branch Twent., 622. 

Eveleth, Charles, b. 1807? set. N. Y. f 
1830? Mich., 1853. Clinton Port., 958. 

Everett, Franklin, b. Worthington, 1812; 
set. N. Y., 1840, Mich.. 1846. Grand 
Rapids Lowell, 241; Grand River, ap- 
pendix 21; Kent, 261, 999. 

Tyler, set. X. Y., 1820? Jackson 

Hist., 1085. 

Ewell, Consider, set. Mich., 1835? Ma- 
comb Hist., 787. 

Samuel, b. Hampshire Co. 1799; 

set. N. Y., 802, Mich., 1836. Macomb 

; Hist. t 655; Macomb Past, 27. 



Ewers, Henrv M. b. Wendell, 1S00. set. 

X. Y. Branch Port., 610. 
Fairbanks, Abigail, m. 1800' Charles 

Crosby of Conn, and Mich. Lenawee 

Port., 737. 

Fales. Fanny, m. 1S10? Joel Brown of 
Vt. Muskegon Port., 122. 

; Mary, b. Hampshire Co., 1783; m. 

Levi L. Lawrence. Berrien Port., 617. 

Fall, John, set. O., Mich., 1825. Ingham 

Port., 702. 
Falley, John W., b. Westfield, 1814; set 

N. Y. and O. Hillsdale Port., 249. 

Farmer, John, b. Boston; set. X.Y., 1770. 

Detroit, 1085. 
Farnham, Melinda, of Conway; m. 1815? 

William Holloway of Mass. and X. Y. 

Lenawee Hist. II, 475. 

Farnsworth, Charles, b. Hawlev, 1802; set 
X. Y., O., Mich., 1837. Lenawee Port., 
647. 

William K., set. N. Y., 1840' Saginaw 

Port., 620. 

Farnum, Fanny, b. Pamsa? m. Joseph 
Chapin of X. Y. and Pa. Kalamazoo 
Port., 824. 

Farrar, Asa, b. Xorthneld, 1760; Revolu* 
tionary soldier, set. X Y., 1800? Detroit, 
1141. 

Daniel, Revolutionary soldier; set* 

N. H. Genesee Port., S98. 

John, b. Rutland, 1793; set. X. Y. f 

1800? Mich. 1817. Detroit, 1141. 

Sullivan, set. X. Y., 1800? Mich., 1834. 

Macomb Hist., 8 S3. 

Farrington, Erastus C, b. Xbrfolk Co., 
1824. Gratiot, 300. 






<t 



■#£M- 



118 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Faulkner, Almira or Elmira, b. Colerain, 
1790; m. 1809 John Gragg of Mass. and 
Mich. Hillsdale Port., 658; Lenawee 
Hist. I, 180. 

Faunce, Alden, set. O. ; d. 1863. Isabella* 
276,396. 

William H., b. New Bedford, 1819; set. 

Mich. Ingham Port., 531. 

Faxon, Caroline, b. Conway, 1801; m. 

George Russell of N. Y. and Mich. 

Branch Port., 605. 
Fay, Francis, set. Mich., 1850? Monroe, 

360. 
James, set. N. Y., 1810? Jackson Hist., 

995. 
Louise, of Southboro; m. 1S2S, Luther 

H. Trask of Mich. Kalamazoo Port., 

239. 



William, b. Hampden Co., 1821; set. 

O., Va., Mich., 1884. Muskegon Port., 
173. 

William H, set. O., 1825? d. 1882. 

Muskegon Port., 1<3. 

Fegles, Sally, b. 1S04; m 1820? Addiniram 

Bradley of N. Y. and Mich. Branch 

Twent., 768. 
Fenner, James L., b. 1777; set. N. Y. 

Allegan Hist., 23S. 
Fenson, James, set. Canada, Mich., 1863. 

Lake Huron, 229. 
Fenton, John, set Vt., 1781. Lenawee 

Hist. I, 477. 
Mary A., b. Cambridge, 1817; m. 1842 

Levi Gustin of X. Y. Lenawee Illus., 



166. 

— Seth, b. 1781., 
Lenawee Hist. I, 41 



set. Vt., 17S1, Pa. 



— — Stephen, b. Middlesex Co., 1791; set. 

N. Y. 1820? Lenawee Illus , 166. 
Ferry. (grandfather Dexter M. Ferrv 

of Detroit) set. NY., 1800? Wavne 

Chron., 442. 

Chester, set. X. Y., 1820? Kent., 535. 

William M., b. Granbv, 1796; set. X. Y. 

Mich., 1823. Grand River, appendix, 

-22; Ottawa Hist , 3S. 

Ferson, William G., set. Mich., 1836. Ber- 
rien Hist., 158; Berrien Twent., 150. 

Fessenden, Eben, b. Worcester Co.. 1800? 
set. Vt., Canada. Macomb Past, 186. 

Field, Abigail, b. 17S9;m. Ira Humphrey 
of N. Y. and Mich. Jackson Hist., 832. 



Field, Charles. E., b. Greenfield, 1850 

III. Branch Port., 616. 
Thomas, b. 1782; set X. Y, 1820? 

Mich., 1833. Jackson Port., 681. 

Fielding, William, set. X. Y., Mich , 1831, 
Jackson Port., 2.31. 

Fields, Jonathan E., set. Mich., 1833. Wash- 
tenaw Hist., 229. 

Fifield, Enoch, b. Salisbury : set. X. H., 
Mich., 1830. Jackson Port.," 747. 

Henry, of Essex Co., set. Mich., 1834. 

Ingham Hist., 313. 

Finnegan, John. b. Taunton, 1831; set. 
Mich., 1832. Washtenaw Port., 426. 

Fish, Betsev, b. Barnstable Co., 1783; m. 

1S00? Orrin F. Sessions of Vt and Mich., 
Kent, 752; Oakland Port., 714. 

David, set X. Y., 1800. Jackson 

Hist., 855. 

Sarah B., b. Barnstable; m. 1825 

Joseph Gooispeed of Mass., O., and 
Mich. Cass Rogers, 337. 

Fisher, Erastus, b. Xorthfield. 1S14; set. 
Vt., X. Y., Mich., 1S40. Kent, 1003; 
Mecosta, 462. 

Fanny, m. 1S25? Lorenzo Aldrich of 

Canada and Mich. Mecosta, 402, 419, 
527. 

Joel, b. near Boston, 1780: set. X. Y.» 

1S00. Lenawee Hist. I, 155. 

John, b. 1784: res. Franklin Co., 

set. Mich., 1836. Lenawee Port., 504. 

John, b. Charlemont, 1829; set. Mich., 

1S36. Lenawee Port., 505. 
Joseph P.,b.Dedham, 1S00: set. X. H. 

Mich., 1834. Oakiand Port., 767. 
Olive D., b. 1820; m. 1S45, Solomon 

F. Sears of Mich. Washtenaw Hist., 

666; Washtenaw Port., 340. 
Pliny, set. X.Y., 1830? Mich. Lenawee 

Port., 253. 
Timothv, set. X. H., 1810? Oakland 

Port., 767.' 
Fisk, Abigail, b. Worcester, 1S08 

Joseph I. Talmadge of Mich. 



m. 1831 
Lenawee 



Hist. I, 251. 
— — Abigail, m. Joseph Richardson of N.Y- 

(1812 soldier) Branch Port., 311. 
Adaline, m. Asa Kingsbury of Mich. 

(b. 1896). Cass Hist., opposite 100. 
Daniel, b. Worcester. 1772; set. X. Y., 

1S02. Lenawee Illus., 228. 



MICHIGAN PIONEERS 



119 



Fisk, Ebenezer, b. Franklin Co., 1815; set. 

Mich., 1889. Lenawee Port., 335. 
Frank, b. AshfieM, 1836., set. Mich., 

]83S. Ionia Port., 410. 

Jabez, b. Wendell, 1794; set. X. Y., 

! 1802; Mich., 1S33. Lenawee, Illus., 228; 

Lenawee Port., 1042. 

James, set. Vt., 1820? Kent, 1300. 

. Joseph, set. Mich., 1838, d. 1877- 

Ionia Port., 410 

Toseph, b. Chanemont or Windsor 

1810; set. X. Y., Mich., 1834. Al'egan 
* Hist., 156; Allegan Twent., 571; Kala- 
mazoo Port., 934; St. Clair, 119, 

Roswell of Berkshire Count v. bought 

land, 1837. Allegan Hist., 219. 

Fiske, Ebenezer, b. Wenham, 1762; set. 

N. H. Branch Port., 341. 
Fitch, John M.. b. Bedford, 1811; set. 
N.H., 1833;Mich., 1S36. Clinton Port., 263- 

Fitten, James, cf Lawrence, set. Mich., 

1835. Hillsdale Hist., 220. 
Fitts, Harrison,b. Oxford, 1815; set. X T .Y., 

1840? Mich., 1851. Lenawee Port,. 867, 

953. 
Flagg, Fidelia, m. 1832 Josiah Bond of 

N. Y. Lenawee Illus., 104. 
Nancy, of Stowe, b. 1814; m. 1837 

Richard H. Whitney of Mass., and Mich. 

Lenawee Hist. II, '393; Lenawee Illus., 

468. 
Tabitha, m. 1841 Josiah Bond of X.Y., 

and Mich. Lenawee Illus., 104. i 

Flanders, Zebulon, b. Xewbnrvport, 1760; 

set. N. H, Genesee Port., 868. 
Fletcher, Addison, set. X. Y., 1840? 

Washtenaw Hist.. 1*082. 
■ Jemima, m. 1800? Samuel L nderwood 

of N. Y. and Mich. Jackson Hist., 933. 

Joel, b. Westford, 17S6; set. Maine, 

Mich. Kalamazoo Port., 236. 

Lorenzo C, b. Lowell, 1S15; set. Mich., 

1839. Genesee Hist., 310. 
William, set. Mich., 1820. Berrien 

Hist., 132. 
Flint, Sarah A., m. 1830? Lewis M. Edson 

of N. Y. Detroit, 1139. 
Flood, Martin, set. Wisconsin, d. 1873- 

Ionia Port., 694. 
Flower, Andrew, set. Vt., 1810' X. Y., 

Mich. Oakland Biog., 380; Oakland Hist., 

114. 



Flower, William, b. Ashfeld; set. X. V. 
1800? Macomb Hist., 697. 



Flowers, Clarissa, m 
Brown of X. Y. ; d. 1821. 



1810? William 
Gratiot, 324. 



Fobes, MehitaKe, of Bridgewater; m. 1784. 

Benjamin Packard of Mass , and Vt , St. 

Joseph, 84. 
Follett, J. I., b Dalton, 1818; set.O.. Ind. 
1S42, Mich., 1852. Traverse, 91. 

Xathan, b. 1793; set. Mich. Wash- 
tenaw Hi^t., 592. 

Sabra. b. 1775; m. Reuben Wilson of 

X. Y. and Mich. Branch Port . 188. 
Foote, Charles, b. 1740; sot. X. Y. Hills- 
dale Port., 461. 

Freeman, set. Vt., 1785? Jackson Hist., 

1121. 
Forbes, H. X., set. Mich,, 1836. Ingham 
Hist., 299. 

Jortin, b. Buckland' 1812: set. X. Y., 

Mich. Washtenaw Hist., 1395. 

Levi, set. Canada 1S30 ; Isabella. 503. 

Ford, Ansel, b. Curr.mington, 178S. set. 
O., 1838. Lenawee Port., 1137, 1810. 

Charles, b. Crmmingtrn, 1809; set. 

O., 1850. Lenawee Port.. 810, 871, 1137. 

Eucere E., b. Cummingtcn, 1841: 

set. 6., 1830, Mich., 1SG9. Lenawee 
Past, 316. 

Gardner, set. Mich., 1846. Macomb 

Past., 316. 

George F.. b. Cummington, 1S38; set. 

O., 1850. Lenawee Pert., 810. 

Hezekiah, 4th, b. Abington, 1759: res. 

Cummington. set. O., 1842. Lenawee 
Port., 1137. 

Levi B.. b. Cumrrington, 1830. set. 

Vt., 1849. O., 1850, Mich., 1863. Lenawee 
Port., 1136. 

Philera, b. Plainfield, 1807; m. L828 

Horace Simmons of O. and Mich. Branch 
Twent., 807. 

Tamezin, b. 1810: m. Walter Foote 

of X. Y. and O. Hillsdale Port., N.v 

William, b. Berkshire Co; set. X. Y., 

Mich. 1833. Washtenaw Port., 418. 

Fosdick, George, b. Xantucket ; set. Va., 
Ind., 1S22.. Mich., 18:0.. Ind., 1S3S; 
d. 1S65. Cass Rogers. 348. 

James H.. b. 1S27; set. Mich., 1S66. 

Allegan Twent., 167. 



120 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Foster, Abel. b. Dudley, 1767; set. R. I. 

Lenawee Hist. I, 92. 
— — Abiel. Sr., b. Andover, 1735; set. 

N. H.' Berrien Port., 880. 

Betsey, m. 1S70? Dr. R. H. Hender- 
son of N. Y. and Mich. Lenawee Port. 
506. 

Daniel, b. Cape Cod; set. N. Y., 

Mich., 1842. Kalamazoo Port., 969. 

John R., set. N. Y., Mich., 1833. 

Lenawee Port., 1040. 

Laura, b. Sutton or Dudley, 1795; 

m. 1811, David Bixbv of Mass., N. Y., 
and Mich. Lenawee Hist. I, 91; Lena- 

- wee Port., 1021. 

Lemuel, b. Dudley, 1762; set. N. Y., 

1807. Jackson Port., 745. 

Lemuel, Jr.. b. Levden, 1793; set. 

N. Y., 1807, Mich., 1836. Jackson Port., 
745; Washtenaw Hist., 993. 

■ Moses, b. near Boston; set. Vt., 1810? 

N. Y. 1820. Jackson Port . 476. 

Nancy, b. Franklin Co., 1808; m. 

Charles A. Hebard of X. Y. and Mich. 
Kent, 1396. 

Theron, set. N. Y., Mich., 1836, 

Cal. Kent, 1005. 

Fowler, Elizabeth, m. 1810? Samuel 
Averill of Mich. Oakland Port., 93 5. 

Frederick, b. 1791; set. O., 1814: 

Mich., 1834. Hillsdale Hist., 328. 

Mary A. of West field ;m. 1844 L. S. 

Noble of Mich. St. Clair, 589. 

Richard, set. O., 1816; Mich., 1834. 

Hillsdale Port., 530. 

Fox, Anna O., b. Lowell; m. 1875 Charles 

S. Hazeltine of Mich. Grand Rapids 

City, 197. 
Aruna, set. O., -1835? Clinton Port., 

864. 
Emeline, b. 1832; m. 1847 Noah 

Long of Mich. Clinton Port., 864. 

Frederick, set. N. Y., 1840? Ind., 



1857; Mich., 1866. Newaygo, 232. 
— Lewman, set. N. Y., 1830? Kalama- 



^ zoo Port., 513. 

Francis, Lois, b. 1808; m. 1830 George W. 
Williams of Mich. Oakland Port., 194. 

, Roxy, m. 1840? Henry Huyck of O. 

and Mich. Gratiot, 324. 



Francisco, Dwight, b. *179S; set. N. Y. 
1815? Kent, 1299. 

Franklin-, Mary, m. 1820 ?t Eli Lacy of 
N. Y. and Mich. Clinton Past., 12 4. 

Frary, David, set O., 1804; Mich., 1817 
Lenawee Hist. II, 13 4. 

Fraser, Adkins 6, 17S2, set. X. Y. Isa- 
bella, 451. 

James G.. set. N. Y., 1820? 111. ,1853. 

Clinton Port., 7 SO. 

Freeman, Juliana B , b. Attleboro, 18-!2; 

m. 1863 Benjamin L. Hick> of Mich., 

Lenawee Hist. I, 160; Lenawee Ilius. 

321. 
Ruel A., b. Attleboro, 183*; set 

Mich., JS43. Lenawee Port., 668. 
■ William, b. Attleboro, 1796; set. Mich., 

1842 or 3. Lenawee Hist. I, 160, 245; 

Lenawee Port., 668. 

W r illiam B., b Attleboro. 1820; set. 

Mich., 1842. Lenawee Hist. I, 245. 

William H., b. Sutton, 1831; set. 

Mich. Grand River, appendix, 26. 

French, Abel, set. N. Y., 1820? Mich., 
1844. Ionia Port., 350. 

Apollos, b. Taunton; set. Vt., 1800? 

Genesee Hist., 266, 276. 

Cvrus V., b. Berklev, 1833; set. 

Mich!, 1S38 Jackson Port, 465. 

Harvey, b. 1789; set. Mich. Wash- 
tenaw Hist., 592. 

John B., set. N. Y. Genesee Port., 

261. 

Lydia A., m. 1810? John Beabe of 

N. Y. Kalamazoo Port., 525. 

Matilda, b. Northampton, 1790? m. 

David Fox of N. Y. and Penn. Genesee 
Port., 668. 

Nathaniel of Berkshire Co.: set. N.Y., 

1810? Calhoun, opposite 124. 

Samuel, set. N. Y., 1820? Wis. North- 
ern M., 456. 

Vernon, b. Berklev. 1810: set. Mich., 

1838 or 9. Jackson Hist., 795, Jackson 

Port., 298, 465. 
Frey, Ellen of Athol, m. 1854, C. R., 

Pattison of Mich. Washtenaw Hist, 

575. 
Frieze, Henrv S., b. Boston, 1817; set. 
• R. I., Mich', 1853, or 4, Washtenaw 

Hist., 995; Washtenaw Past, 66S. 



(To be continued.) 



- 



• 

■ 



WIS 















'-« 



iBl 



/ 



- . 



- - 






r 



r , ^ 












a 



i 



¥ . ! 



£v3 - - . 



■ 



It 



o 

H S 

W 5 



h 



GOVERNOR HUTCHINSON'S HOUSE 

ON MILTON HILL 



By R. A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. 



Old houses, and other ancient buildings, apart from their intrinsic beauty 
or relative antiquity, are mainly esteemed on account of their historical 
associations; and the memories of the past in which they are shrouded appeal 
to those of archaeological or historical tastes with a fervour which is intensi- 
fied by the human sympathy or admiration which they evolve or represent. 

In essaying, therefore, to give a sketch of the home of one of Massachu- 
setts' most distinguished Royal Governors it seems expedient to give at the 
same time a brief resume of the life and character of the illustrious American 
who was its occupant for many years, whose cry to be carried back to it, 
across the ocean from a foreign land, was the last he uttered, and whose most 
interesting personality still pervades the glorious scenes amid which it is 
still situated.* 

Governor Hutchinson purchased a large tract of land on the crest or brow 
of Milton Hill in 1740, and, from designs which he had secured during a visit 
to England in the same year, he built and equipped a large farm, and the 
summer home on Milton Hill, in 1743. 

Surely no fairer spot could have been found on which to erect a residence 
for the representative of a King, where from time immemorial the local 
aborigines, exercising the loftiest instincts of their intelligent race, had built 
their humble wigwams in the heart of one of Nature's most inspiring scenes. 
Occupying an eminence of 138 feet above the southern shore of the Xeponset 
river, and encircled by a panorama of exceptional natural beauty, varied by 

"Hill, flood, and forest, 
Mountain, rock, and sea" — 

if equalled, it is certainly not surpassed in scenic grandeur within the bound- 
aries of the old Bay State. 

Here, on the summit of Milton Hill was erected the Hutchinson House, 
surrounded by many acres of garden and woodlands. From the front of the 
house, looking northward, smiling meadows, exhaling the fragrant breath of 
hay, led down through yellow-green marshes to the borders of the river 

* A biographic outline will be found elsewhere in this number. 



122 . THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Neponset, which like a broad band of silver, winds gently seawards to mill 
its waters with those of the harbour. Still farther may be seen the spires of 

Boston, Dorchester, and Roxbury, Dorchester Heights, the harbour with 
forts, and islands, and ships, Xantasket Roads, hastening towards Massachu- 
setts Bay, and the glorious Atlantic. Far to the left the gilded dome of the 
State House may be seen crowning the beautiful city of Boston; westward 
the round summit of Wachusett, at Princeton, with all the intervening gran- 
deur of woodland and greenery, of hill and dale, and, in a southern direction 
more green fields, the orchard teeming with luscious fruit-trees, the extensive 
garden with its flowers and shrubs, and, a few miles beyond the great Blue 
Hill, "a sapphire set in emeralds." 

The house itself was long and low, built in Colonial style, one story and a 
half in height, with two small wings, and a pitched or hip-roof with gable- 
ends. From the roof peeped dormer windows, and three large chimneys arose. 
The front or eastern side had a large panelled door, with brass catch and 
knocker, and was reached from the road by a swinging gate, gravel path, 
and short flight of steps. On each side of this path stretched the green lawn 
bounded by shrubs, bushes, and young trees. On either side of the door-way 
were two long windows looking across the river and marshes towards the 
harbour. The appearance of the rear was similar, save that the entrance 
was made by a smaller door, and the steps leading thereto were somewhat 
steeper. The house was clapboarded and painted white. 

The lawn and road, in front of the house were lined with plane-trees, and 
the facade was embellished by a large portico, crowned by an ornamented 
pediment, supported by eight columns which" gave dignity to the building. 
On the east of the house were the coach-house and stables, beyond, the 
quarters for cattle and swine, and hay loft above. To the west were situated 
the farmhouse and outlying buildings. 

The interior of "the house was much more extensive than the modest ex- 
terior would have led one to believe, — the rooms being large, and exception- 
ally high-studded. The front door opened into a large hall which had doors 
opening into the adjoining rooms, and a passage leading to the garden steps- 
There was a southern parlour, and facing this, at the northern side of the 
hall, was a small room used by the Governor as a study. In the main part 
of the house were the State and dining rooms. The dining room was to the 
south of the passage leading to the garden, and was panelled in oak. Xext 
the fire-place was a short corridor to the parlour, and in the southeast corner 
another leading to the south wing, where were two bed-rooms, one of which 
was occupied by Miss Hutchinson. The principal Stateroom was opposite 



GOVERNOR HUTCHINSON'S HOUSE 123 

the dining-room and was panelled in rich mahogany. Beyond this was the 
north wing, in which were the Governor's bed-room, and other apartments. 
The kitchen and other offices were in the basement, reached by a narrow and 
steep flight of stairs. In the attic was one bedroom running the depth of 
the house, the remainder being divided into eaves and store-rooms. The 
walls of the house were over a foot thick, and were packed with sea- v. 
to keep off the cold in winter and the heat in summer. 

The house was sumptuously furnished, — many of the furnishings having 
been brought from the Boston mansion when it was sacked by the mob in 
1765. At the windows hung heavy crimson damask draperies which ac- 
corded with the general colouring, and the whole effect was that of luxury 
and comfort combined with much simplicity and good taste. * 

Thus the house remained from 1743 when it was built, until 1828: but from 
1828 to 1S71, when it was almost demolished,manychangesweremadeinit. The 
avenue of buttonwoods leading up to the house, which was planted by the 
Governor, has almost entirely disappeared, as have also many of the fruit- 
trees in the orchard; but the magnificent garden, which was his hobby, is 
still in existence with its "pleached alleys," and soft velvety grass. He had 
made this garden "a Paradise on earth by thirty years of loving labor and 
watched its progress with the tender care bestowed by a doting parent on 
a child."t 

Governor Hutchinson dearly loved his superb home in Milton, and when, 
in the year 1774, he left its genial shelter for England, ties of affection were 
sundered which, alas, were never again to be renewed. Soon after his arrival 
in England, in July 1774, he thus described his summer-home to King George: 
"My house is seven or eight miles from town, a pleasant situation, and many 
gentlemen from abroad say it has the finest prospect from it they ever saw, 
except where great improvements have been made by art to help the natural 
view." 

On the 3d of June, 1780, Governor Hutchinson passed away quietly in 
London while being helped into his carriage, and his last words were "Milton! 
take me to Milton!" 

A few days afterwards his body was quietly interred in the cemetery of the 
little Episcopal Church in Croydon, where his two dear children had been 
previously buried. 

Across the highway in front of the house is a field, sloping down towards 

* For many of the above particulars of the original arrangements of the hou^e I am 
indebted to the most interesting little volume by the late George R. R. Rivers, Esq., 
entitled " The Governor's Garden." t Ibid: 



124 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

the river, which formed part of Governor Hutchinson's estate. This field was 
secured, in 1S9S, by the Trustees of Public Reservations fur the Common- 
wealth, and one of the boundaries bears an inscription to this effect. 

After Governor Hutchinson left for England his estates were confiscated to 
the State. The house was afterwards occupied, for a short time, by an 
Englishman, a Boston merchant, named Samuel Broome. To him succeeded 
the Hon. James Warren, a native of Plymouth, who married a sister of James 
Otis, Jr., and she was the well-known American historian, better known as 
Mercy Warren. After residing here for some time, Mr. Warren ultimately 
returned to Plymouth, when the house and surrounding land were sold to 
Patrick Jeffrey, and the outlands and marshland to Jacob Gill and Edward 
H. Robbins. 

Jeffrey was an agent or factor for Madam Haley, a wealthy woman from 
London, who had come over to America to look after the business of her late 
husband, a well-known London merchant (who had been Alderman and 
Lord Mayor of London), which had suffered much during the war. Madam 
Haley who is said to have been a sister of John Wilkes, the English politician, 
subsequently married Jeffrey, who was a brother of the celebrated Scottish 
Judge Jeffrey. The marriage was ill-starred and unfortunate, and she re- 
turned to London leaving him with the magnificent furnishings which had 
graced her first husband's mansion in London, which she had brought with 
her to America. Jeffrey purchased the Hutchinson house where he lived in 
princely style until IS 12, when he died. 

After Jeffrey's death the house became the property of Mr. Barney Smith 
a wealthy Boston merchant of distinguished appearance and character. 
Before Mr. Smith entered into possession of the house and wmile he was in 
Europe, it was occupied- until Mr. Smith's return by Mr. George A. Otis, a 
connexion of the Smith family. Mr. Barney Smith was a gentleman whose 
kindheartedness, benevolence and philanthropic instincts made him univers- 
ally beloved and respected during his life, and his death, which occurred in 
182S, was regarded as a public loss to the neighbourhood. 

In 1829 the house was sold by auction, and purchased by Mr. Smith's 
accomplished daughter, Mrs. Lydia Smith Russell, wife of the late Hon. 
Jonathan Russell who died in 1833. Mrs. Russell died, much-lamented, in 
1859, and the house is still occupied by her grand-daughter, Miss Rivers.* 

* The foregoing notes of those who succeeded Governor Hutchinson in the occupa- 
tion of his house have been compiled from several sources, but principally from a paper 
by E.J. Baker, Esq., written under the nom de plume "Shade of Kitchmakin," which 
was republished in Dr. Teele's History of Milton. 



MASSACHUSETTS IN LITERATURE 



By Charles A. Flagg 



Recent titles of a historical or descriptive character deaUng with the state or its localities. The list in- 
cludes pot only books and pamphlets, but articles wherever round; in periodicals, society publications et 

Whitest primarily calls attention to material appearing since the last issue of this magazine, treiuently 
titles are included which had been overlooked in previous numbers. 



GENERAL 

Doolittle. A short narrative of mis- 
chief done by the French and Indian 
enemy on the western frontiers of the 
Massachusetts-Bay . . . By the Rev. Mr. 
Doolittle . . . .Boston: printed and sold 
by S. Kneeland in Queenstreet. M DCCL. 
New York, Reprinted, W. Abbatt, 1909. 
27 p. (Magazine of history with notes 
and queries. Extra number-no. 7, pt. 
I.) 

Roe. The Tenth regiment, Mass. volun- 
teer infantry, 1681-1S64. . . . Bv A. S. 
Roe. Springfield, Tenth Mass. Veteran 
Association, 1909. 535 p. 

Stark. The Loyalists of Mass. and the 
other side of the American revolution. 
By J. H. Stark. Salem, The Salem 
Press Co., 1910. 509 p. 

Who. Who's who in state politics, 1910. 
Boston, Published bv Practical politics 
1910. 310 p. 

LOCAL 

Athol. . . . Vital records of Athol, Mass., 
to the end of the vear 1849. Worcester, 
F. P. Rice, 1910.' 230 p. (Systematic 
history fund.; 

Bolton. . . . Vital records of Bolton, 
Mass., to the end of the year 1849. Wor-. 
cester, F. P. Rice, 1910. 232 p. (System- 
atic history fund.) 

Boston. Report of Boston finance com- 
mission. (Charities and The commons. 
Feb. 13, 1909. v. 21, p. 952-953.) 

The great elm and its scion. (Xew 

England historical and genealogical 
register. Apr., 1910. v. 64, p. 141-144.) 

John Paul Jones chapter, D. A. R. 

(American monthlv magazine, Jan., 
1910. v. 36, p. 28-29.) 



Boston. Paul Revere chapter, D. A. R. Re- 
port by Mary C. Alline, regent. (Ameri- 
can monthlv magazine, Mar., 1910. 
v. 36, p. 323.) 

Bristol Couxty. Abstracts from the 
first book of Bristol County probate 
records. Copied by Mrs. Lucy H. Green- 
law. (Xew England historical and 
genealogical register. Jan., 1910. v. 64, 
p. 26-34.) 
Part 10 (1R94 — 170'): first three instalments 

appeared in the Genealogical advertiser, Dec. 1900 — 

Dec. 1901 — later parts in the Register. Concluded. 

Chelsea. The new Chelsea. By W. E. 
McClintock. (Xew England magazine, 
Mar., 1910. v. 42, p. J 5-25.) 

Danvers. Vital records of Danvers, Mass. 
to the end of the year 184'.). Vol. II. 
Marriages and deaths. Salem, Essex 
Institute, 1910. 491 p. 
V. I. pub. 1909. 

Dorchester. Dorchester day: celebra- 
tion of the 279th anniversary of the 
settlement of Dorchester, June 5, 1909, 
under the auspices of the Dorchester 
Historical Society. . . . By J. H. Stark. 
Boston, Printing department, 1909. 
116 p. 

Dover. Old home day. 'Proceedings of 
the 125th anniversary of the incorpora- 
tionof the townof Dover, Mass., Wednes- 
day, July 7th, 1909. Dover. ^ Dover 
Historical and Xatural Historv Societv, 
1910. 73 p. 

Essex County. Essex County notorial 

records, 16i»7-176S. (Essex Institute. 

Historical collections, Jan., 1910. v. 46, 

p. 81-96.) 

Part 13 (1742-1750); series began Apr. 1935. v. 

41, p. 183. 

The Xewburyport and Danvers rail- 
roads. An account of the construction 
and early workings of railroads in central 



126 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Essex County. By H. F. Long. (Essex 
Institute. Historical collections, Jan., 
1910. v. 46, p. 17-55.) 

Gloucester. Le beau port; the sea 
browned fishing town of Gloucester. 
By J. R. Coffin. (New England maga- 
zine, April, 1910. v. 42, p. 167-178.) 

Haverhill. Vital records of Haverhill, 
Mass., to the end of the year 1849. Vol. I., 
Births. Topsfield, Topsfield Histori- 
cal Society, 1910. 328 p. 

Lynn. Dedication of the tablet in com- 
memoration of the Old tunnel by the 
Lynn Historical Society. Placed on the 
meeting-house of the First Congrega- 
tional church, Lvnn, Mass., June 13, 
1909. [Lynn, 1909.] 8 p. 

■ The register of the Lynn Historical 

Society. Number XII, for the year 
1908. Lynn, [1908.] 163 p. 

Marblehead. Vital records of Marble- 
head, Mass. to the end of the year 1849. 
Volume III. Supplementary records 
collected by J. W. Chapman. Salem, 
Essex Institute, 1908. 43 p. 
V. I— II published 1903—04. 

Marblehead in the year 1700. no. 1. 

By Sidney Perley. (Essex Institute. 
Historical collections, Jan., 1910. v. 46, 
p. 1-16.) 

Medford. Sarah Bradlee-Fulton chapter, 
D. A. R. By Eliza M. Gill, correspond- 
ing secretarv. (American monthlv maga- 
zine, Jan., Apr., 1910. v. 36, p. 29, 430— 
31.) 

The last Medford Indian. By M. W- 

Mann. (Medford historical register. 
Jan., 1910. v. 13, p. 19-23.) 

Ancient legal contentions in upper 

Medford. By A. E. Whitney. (Med- 
ford historical register, Jan., 1910. v. 13, 
p. 1-16.) 

Middleborough. Revolutionary soldiers 
buried in various cemeteries in Middle- 
borough. Located by Xemasket chap- 
ter, D. A'. R. (American monthlv maga- 
zine, Mar., 1910. v. 36, p. 311—12.) 

Middlesex Couxty. Early improve- 
ments on the Mystic. By M. V. Mann. 
(Medford historical register, Jan., 1910. 
v. 13, p. 7-15.) 



NATICK. Vital records of Natick, M 
to the year 1850. Compiled by T. \V. 
Baldwin. Boston, Stanhope pre-,-., l'.HO 

■ 249 p. 

Provixcetowx. Names of towns, cities, 
societies, etc., that contributed a stone 
to the Pilgrim monument. (New Eng- 
land historical and genealogical reg; 
Jan., 1910. v. 64, p. 87-88.) 

Rutlaxd. Rufus Putnam Memorial . 
ciation. Charter, by-laws, list of officers 
and members. Worcester, L908. 12 p. 
Organize! and incorporated 1901 to h )ld and 

care for the Rufus Putnam house in Rutland. 

Scituate. Graves of Revolutionary sol- 
diers decorated by Chief Justice Cushing 
chapter, D. A. R., Scituate. (American 
monthlv magazine, Jan., 1910. v. 36, 
p. 14.) 

Sharox. Publications of the Sharon His- 
torical Society. A memoir of Eugene 
Tappan, esq., late corresponding secre- 
tarv. J. G. Phillips, editor. No. 6, Jan., 
1910. 70 p. 

Tisbury. Vital records of Tisbury, Mass. 
to the year 1S50. Boston, Xew England 
Historic Genealogical Society, 1910. 
244 p. 

Warrex. Vital records of Warren (for- 
merlv Western) Mass. to the end of the 
year' 1849. Worcester, F. P. Rice, 1910. 
196 p. (Systematic history fund.) 

Watertowx. In Boston's new suburban 
district — Old Watertown, a modern 
suburb. By C. M. Rockwood. (Xew 
England magazine, Jan., 1910. v. 41, 
p. 549-559.) 

Waylaxd. Vital records of Wayland, 
Mass. to the year 1S50. Boston, Xew 
England Historic Genealogical Societv, 
1910. 160 p. 

Weymouth. Vital records of Weymouth, 
Mass. to the year 1850. Boston, Xew 
England Historic Genealogical Society, 
1910. 2 v. 

v. I. Births, 359 p. 

v. II. Marriages and deaths. 370 p. 

Worcester. The Worcester magazine, 
illustrated, vol. XII, no. 1-12. Jan.,- 
Dec, 11109. 308 p. 
Published by Worcester Board of trade. 



(Sritm^m $c (Sommntt 



on goofyrf mtb iDtlier ^iibjert^ 



The Brewster Genealogy* 

Though by no means the first vessel to 
bring colonists to America, nor even the 
first with Englishmen for New England, 
the "Mayflower" has a place all her own 
in our annals. One doubts if any like 
body of men and women has been subjected 
to such study from various points of view. 
What a literature it makes; all that has 
been gathered and written about them, 
their history, persecution and wanderings, 
their beliefs, their spirit and character, 
their lives and families! William Brewster 
belonged to the small group of leaders of 
the Pilgrims — the scholar of the band and 
its moral and spiritual guide. 

We have heard a great deal on the dis- 
tinction between Puritan and Pilgrim. 
In America they were equally Separatists, 
and the important difference lay in their 
attitude towards those who were; or whom 
they held to be, outside the pale; who 
dared question the divine right of the 
theocracy. To no man, probably, as much 
as to Elder Brewster was it due that Ply- 
mouth Colony had no counterpart of the 
Antinomian controversy, the persecution 
of the Quakers, or the Witchcraft delusion. 

It is a lineage to be proud of, and these 
pages present to us many a name well 
known in pulpit and forum, on the battle- 
field and in the council chamber, and in 
the world of letters and learning. 

* The Brewster genealogy 1560-1907: a record of 
the descendants of William Brewster of the^ "May- 
flower" . . .compiled and edited by Emma C. Brev- 
ater Jones. The Grafton oress, genealogical publish- 
ers. New York, MCMVIII. 2 volumes. 149* pages. 

For sale by the compiler, Norwood, Cincinnati. 
O., Slo, express charges collect. 



The general appearance of the two vol- 
umes is very satisfactory; the illustrations, 
excellent, and in addition to a number of 
portraits evidently inserted on the usual 
terms, there is an uncommon proportion of 
plates of real historic interest, such as fac- 
similes, copies of old paintings, family heir- 
looms, etc. 

The subject matter covers 11 genera- 
tions, 4100 families and about 33000 names. 
The preliminary material seems especially 
well selected, containing among other 
things an essay on the old and new style 
of dating: Scrooby manor house, Brew- 
ster's home from 15SS to 1G08 and birth- 
place of the Pilgrim church; the "May- 
flower"; Gov. Bradford's list of passengers; 
the Mayflower list of passengers from 
whom descent has been proved; with an 
extended biographical sketch of William 
Brewster himself. 

At the outset one gets a favorable im- 
pression of the compiler's qualifications for 
scholarly genealogical work from her atti- 
tude toward the English origins of the 
Brewsters. There certainly was a family of 
gentry by the name, and a coat of arms is 
given, because requested, but its use dis- 
couraged as there is no evidence that the 
Elder ever claimed or used it ; and no line 
of ancestry is given back of William Brews, 
ter's father, though we have no doubt 
many a professional English genealogist 
might be found willing to provide a "gen- 
tle" or even "royal" lineage at a "reason- 
able" figure. In the absence of conclusive 
evidence the matter is simply left for some 
future investigator. 



':! 



128 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Four of the Elder's children lived to 
maturity and married: Jonathan Brewster; 
Patience Brewster, (first wife of Gov. 
Thomas Prence who came in the "Fortune" 
•1621), Fear Brewster (second wife of Isaac 
Ailerton, of the "May flower") and Love 
Brewster. From the four named (exclud- 
ing children who died without issue and 
three grandsons not traced, who probably 
went to England) there came four sons 
and nine daughters of the third generation. 
Practically the entire two volumes are de- 
voted to the posterity of the four grand- 
sons: Benjamin Brewster, son of Jona- 
than; Isaac Ailerton, Jr., son of Fear; and 
William and Wrestling Brewster, sons of 
Love. As to the nine Brewster and Prence 
granddaughters their children only are given 
in this history. 

Genealogical works are of two main 
sorts: those which aim to include all de- 
scendants of the ancestor, in every line, 
and those of the more common type which 
are restricted pretty closely to the family 
name, though frequently including the 
children of daughters and occasionally 
going down several generations in other 
names to gratify particular individuals. 

The tracing to the present of every de- 
scendant of a New England colonist of 
the first generation may be dismissed as 
an impracticable undertaking; we will 
leave to statisticians to estimate the prob- 
able number of the posterity of William 
Brewster to the 11th generation, and how 
many decades of the life of a genealogist 
it would take at the average rate, to ferret 
them out. It is enough to state that in 
the lines of the four grandsons named, 
Miss Jones has aimed toward all-inclu- 
siveness, and the greater number of lines 
are actually traced down to the present, 
while she has carefully indicated the mem- 
bers of the family known to have died 
childless. The remainder — those descend- 
ants neither carried down to the present 



nor labeled "without issue" — represents 
those whom, in the magnitude of the 

work, the compiler had- to leave untraced. 
It is regrettable that there had to be so 
many. 

A sis very common, the main body of 
the history is subdivided by generations ; 
First Generation, Second Generation, etc. 
Strictly adhered to, this plan would group 
together all heads of families of the same 
distance from the parent stock, and their 
children only. It has been so disregarded 
in the present work that these divisions by 
generations lose much of their signifi- 
cance; two, three or four generations be- 
ing given under one child of a family, 
while another may be treated according to 
rule (e. g. on pages 57 and 232. 410). 

One can scarcely commend too highly 
the compiler's practice of giving her sources 
of information, after many family records. 
And desirable as it might be to have 
more of those touches of biographical 
material which are as flesh to the bare 
skeleton of names and figures, any such 
criticism would be ungracious in case of 
a genealogy already reaching such magni- 
tude. 

The proof-reading seems especially well 
done, as indicated by the scarcity of minor 
typographical errors. There is a good full 
index of 190 triple-columned pages. We 
enter a strong plea for the differentiation 
of such common names as Mary and Wil- 
liam Brewster with some 80 and 100 refer- 
erences respectively. It would be worth 
the additional trouble to distinguish indi- 
viduals bearing the same names, preferably 
by dated of birth; i. e. 

William, 11 SO, 241 

1187, 197, 424 
1885, 349. 
It may not be out of place to notice 
an article on the Brewsters in the Oct., 
1909, numberof "New England family his- 
tory" which notices this work, reprints 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



129 



several of its illustrations and gives consid- 
erable bibliographic information about 
William Brewster. 

Every descendant should familiarize him- 
self with the book and own one if possible ; 
while it can safely be said that no Amer- 
ican library with a genealogical collection 
of any importance will be able to get along 
without it. C. A. F. 



"Stark's Book.' 



To the Massachusetts Magazine: 

"Stark's Book" is the brief title by which 
the history of the "Loyalists of Massachu- 
setts" by James H. Stark, has become 
known about Boston, and indicates the 
scant brevity with which Boston would 
like to dismiss it. 

Mr. Stark's book has probably created 
more discussion and animosity than any 
book that has been published for the past 
ten years, unless we make exception of 
the Jungle book. I have seen a scrap book 
two inches thick and filled with reviews, 
editorial opinions, telegraphic and special 
communications from newspapers all over 
the country. Some of them call him every- 
thing from an Old Britisher and iconoclast 
to a "historical hyena." 

But none of them intelligently sets about 
to refute his facts, or deny the accuracy of 
his statements [with the exception of Dr. 
Gardner's review in the Revolutionary De- 
partment elsewhere in this magazine]. In 
fact some of the best informed historical 
students in Boston surrender so completely 
on the general reliability and truthfulness 
of the book that they simply dismiss it with 
the statement that "it has nothing new in 
it" — adding that all his alleged revelations 
are well known to students of Massachu- 
setts history. I think this is self-evident 
to every reader of the book, for one cannot 
help observe that Mr. Stark is very careful 
in giving his authorities for the most 
damaging evidence which he produces. 



To my mind the book is very interes* 

First as bringing together a collection >>( 
scattered facts which indicate that the 
and most revered of our Revolutionary 
heroes were made of the same stun that all 
the rest of us are made of, and that the 
world has not degenerated so far, after all 

I think it is also interesting as sho- 
that it was not so much the real grievances 
and wrongs that the Revolutionists sought 
to throw over as it was a desire for the real 
principle of independence. 

It is also, in my mind, extremely illumi- 
nating in the sympathetic explanation of 
the trials and sufferings of the conserva- 
tives in society, who inevitably became 
Loyalists because it was their nature by 
temperament to stand by the existing order 
of things, and be quiet, obedient and docile 
to the rule of government they had always 
known. 

Owing to these three things, I think any 
man can rise from a reading of the book 
with a broader, more catholic spirit. 

It is not necessary to enter into a parti- 
san argument of the pros and cons of the 
political controversy that then prevailed. 
Any man, if he have the saving sense of a 
philosopher's outlook on life, can easily 
see that an honest man could be true to 
himself and all the finer instincts of a man 
and yet be a "tory." Just as we can respect 
and admire the fine qualities of mind that 
prompted a Robert E. Lee to be a "rebel" 
in the Civil War, so can we respect the 
promptings of a nature which compelled a 
man to be a "tory" in that distressing 
period. 

I think Mr. Stark has written a valuable 
work, and it seems to me that the recep- 
tion it has had shows it has quickened and 
stimulated American thought. I do not 
see how anyone can feel that its influence 
will be a baneful one. 

By way of criticism, however, it must 
be said that Mr. Stark has pursued his 
topic with an over-ardent zeal. In many 



130 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



places he uses such expressions as "Sons of 
Despotism," "demagogues," "traitors," 
"brutal," "base," "most perfidious," "most 
disgraceful act ever perpetrated," which 
mar his work as a history by giving the 
appearance of partizanship. 

Besides overstatement, even contradic- 
tion appears, to lay him open to the charge 
of not being fair and on the square in 
' handling his subject. 

After taxing his vocabulary of epithets 
as quoted above, we find the opinion on 
page 61 that 

' 'if it had not been for the brutal and intolerant per- 
secution of the Loyalists, . . . the attempt to throsv 
off the authority of Great Britain at the time of the 
Revolutionary War would not have succeeded." 

Thus justifying in one sentence all the per- 
secution he denounces, by showing that it 
was a political necessity. 
Further we read that: 

The aristocracy of culture, of dignified professions 
and callings, of official rank, and hereditary wealth 
was in a large measure found in the loyalist party 
(page 54). 

The Loyalists to a great extent sprang from and 
represented the old gentry of th.3 country, (page 04) . 

And then in contradiction we read: 

The Loyalists were at a disadvantage before the 
much better organization of the revolutionary 
leaders. Though these [the Revolutionary leadersj 
were few in number in the South, they were of fam- 
ilies of great social influence, (page ti.3). 

It seems to have been taken for granted that the 
people embraced the popular side almost in a mass. 
A more mistaken opinion than this has seldom pre- 
vailed, (page 58.) 

And then this compromising admission: 

The fact is that as far as the Americans were in it, 
the war of the Revolution was a civil war in which 
the two sides were not far from equality in number 
in social conditions, and in their manners and cus- 
toms, (page 01). 

But these are minor faults, self-apparent 
to the discerning reader. The author might 



have taken out much of the salt and zest 
of its readablenesi had he written without 
a partizan twang. It should be remem- 
bered that he proposed on his title page to 
tell us "the other side." A. W. D. 



A Few Recent Successes. 

Working conjointly Messrs. J. Henry 
Lea and J. R. Hutchinson of New York 
and London, announce the following re- 
markably interesting tracings of the orig- 
ins of Massachusetts families across the At- 
lantic. 

Acie or Asey of Rowley, Mass. Traced 
from middle of the Kith Century. To be 
published shortly in the Essex Institute 
Hist. Collections. 

Adams of Massachusetts. The well known 
Presidential Family, located in England 
for the first time. Reference to Rev. H. 
F. Fairbanks of Milwaukee, Wis. 

Acon of Xew England and Virginia. 
Traced to connection with the Visitation 
Families of the name in Suffolk. Also an- 
cestors the discoverer Bartholomew Gos- 
nold. See Ancestry of Bartholomew Gos- 
ncld, published Boston, 1904. 

Blossom. Deacon Thomas Blossom of 
Leyden, located for the first time. Refer- 
ence to Edwin Stockin, Esq., of Water- 
town, Mass. 

Clapp, Capt. Roger and others, of 
Dorchester and Boston, Massachusetts. 
Traced from early 16th Century. To be 
published shortly. 

Clement of Haverill, Mass. Traced 
from early 16th Century. Reference to 
Hon. Percival W. Clement of Rutland, Vt. 

Fairbanks of Xew England. Traced 
from loth Century. Reference to Rev. H. 
F. Fairbanks of Milwaukee, Wis 

Fitz Randolph of Massachusetts and 
Xew Jersey. Traced from late loth Cen- 
tury, correcting and extending pedigree in 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



131 



the Herald's Visitations. Reference H. C. 
F. Randolph, Esq. 303 West 85th Street, 
New York. 

French of Essex and Suffolk, England. 
Traced in all branches from the beginning 
of the 16th Century to the present day. 
Reference to H. Hutchins French, Esq., 
Sutton, co. Surrey, England. 

Gawkroger of Yorkshire and New 
England (by Distaff lines) Traced from 
early 15th Century. Reference John B. 
White, Esq., of Kansas City, Missouri. 

Gosnold, Bartholomew, the discoverer. 
The first settler of Massachusetts. Traced 
from 15 Century. See Ancestry of Barth: 
Gosnold, published Boston, 1904. 

Hoar of Massachusetts. The pedigree 
of the late Senator Hoar enlarged and car- 
ried back into the 15th Century. Refer- 
ence to letters of the late Senator and Pro- 
ceedings American Antiquarian Society. 

Huntington of Cleveland, Ohio. Traced 
from early 16th Century. Reference to 
Miss Elizabeth Clifford Xeff of Canton, 
Ohio. 

Lee of Quarrendon. co. Bucks, Eng- 
land. The pedigree of a Knightly and Xo- 
ble English family cleared of the fables 
and forgeries attached to it. See London 
Genealogist, Vol. 8 X. S., page 226. 

Lincoln, Abraham. The pedigree of 
Araham Lincoln traced from the early 
16th Century. See Ancestry of Abraham 
Lincoln, published by Houghton Mifflin Co., 
Boston, 1909. 

Prout of Boston and Maine. Traced 
from the middle of the 16th century. See 
Ancestry of Capt. Timothy Prout, Boston, 
1901. 

Russell of Massachusetts and Connecti- 
cut. Traced from the beginning of the 
16th Century. Reference to letters of the 
late Gurdon W. Russell, M. D., of Hart- 
ford, Conn. 



Sherman of Xcw England. Traced 
from middle of the 15th Century. ]•' 
ence to Thomas Townsend Sherman, 1. q., 
of 00 Wall Street, New York, and to 'ut- 
ters of the late Senator Hoar of Massachu- 
setts. 

Stratton of New England, Virginia, 
etc. Traced from 13th Century in Shotk-y 
line. Reference to Miss Hattie R. Stratton 
of Grand View, Tenn., and her recent and 
forthcoming volumes of Stratton Geneal- 
ogy- 

Street of New England. Traced from 
middle of 16th Century. See Street Gene- 
olo.gy by Mrs. Mary A. Street. 

White of New England. Traced from 
the middle of the 10th Century. Refer- 
ence to John B. White, Esq., of Kansas City, 
Missouri. Also White Genealogy, Vol. iv, 
by Miss Myra B. White, 1909. 



A Publishing Blunder. 

We have been favored with a compli- 
mentary copy of a reprinted edition of 
"The History of the Early Settlement of 
Xewton." Examination shows that this 
is an exact fac-simile reproduction of the 
history published in 1854 by Francis Jack- 
son. The pages of the old book have been 
reproduced by photography, exactly, and 
the paper and binding followed closely. 

The value of this work to the public will 
be small in comparison to the expense in- 
volved. Some libraries will be able to add 
it to their shelves when they could not 
afford it at the premium price of S15 or $20 
which the original history commanded. 

It is a pity that the sponsor of the new 
edition, Mr. William M. Xoble, could not 
have induced some competent person to 
bring the history down to date, adding the 
half century ot Xewton history that has 
been made since 1854, and produced what 
would have been practically a new work, 



132 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



welcomed by all, and a necessity to every 
library with a department of town history. 
It seems inevitable the re-print must prove 
a failure as filling a public want and as a 
publishing venture. For no person or 
library having the original will care for a 
copy. A. W. D. 



Letter from Doctor Avery. 

Cleveland, April 28, 1910. 
To tJie Editor of 

The Massachusetts Magazine. 
Dear Sir: — 

In the review of the illustra- 
tions in volume six of my History of the 
United States and Its People (page 47 of 
the January number) your reviewer says: 
"Dr. Avery falls into the error that many 



others have in assuming that Moll Pitcher, 
the fortune teller of Lynn, is identical 
with Moll Pitcher of Monmouth battle 
fame " I really cannot see why such a 
statement should be made. There is 
not a word in the text to justify the 
statement of the reviewer and 1 am not in 
the slightest degree responsible for the er- 
ror indicated. 

Yours very truly, 

Elroy M. Avery. 

The reviewer of the volume mentioned 
in Doctor Avery's letter supposed that Doc- 
tor Avery was the author of the work as 
his name as such appears on the title-page. 
If he is not the author, the reviewer would 
beg his pardon for saying that the doctor 
was the cause of the error. 

S. P. 



ipcparfinmf of fht^mtrirauXlJDolution 



Frank A_Gar.dner.M. EKEc 



State Sloop Machias Liberty. 

In the spring of 1775, two vessels be- 
longing to Captain Ichabod Jones of Bos- 
ton, were sent from that town to Machias, 
for the purpose of procuring lumber to be 
used in the construction of barracks and 
defences, by the British authorities at 
Boston. They were convoyed by the 
"Margaretta," mounting 4 four pounders 
and sixteen swivels, commanded by a young 
Irish officer named Matthew Moore. Cap- 
tain Jones was evidently anxious to re- 
move his family out of the troublous town 
of Boston and this motive, rather than tory 
sympathy, may have prompted him to go 
for this cargo. He was probably permitted 
to take his family and personal effects only 
upon condition that he should return with 
the lumber. While his vessels were loading 
at Machias, news was brought to that town 
by another craft of the Lexington fight and 
the great uprising, and in consequence much 
opposition to allowing them to return de- 
veloped. A vote was finally passed in town 
meeting, permitting Captain Jones to pro- 
cure lumber and return to Boston, and 
the vessel might have succeeded in getting 
away, had it not been for trouble between 
the Captain of the "Margaretta" and the 
town's people over a liberty pole which had 
been erected. Soon after this the news of 
Lexington reached them. Captain Moore 
ordered the people to take the pole down 
but they refused and passed a formal vote 
in town meeting that it should stand. Cap- 
tain Jones induced Captain Moore to wait 
until a larger town meeting could be held 
and in the meantime the people in all of 
the surrounding district became aroused 



and began to gather at Machias. A plan 
was laid to capture Captain Moore while at 
the meeting-house on Sunday, but he be- 
came alarmed at the sight of the numbers of 
men approaching from a distance and, 
jumping from a window, escaped to his 
vessel. The official account of this affair, 
given to the Provincial Congress by the 
Machias Committee of Correspondence, 
states that "upon reaching his vessel, 
Captain Moore hoisted his flag and sent a 
message on shore to this effect : that he 
had express orders to protect Captain 
Jones; that he was determined to do his 
duty whilst he had life; & that if the peo- 
ple presumed to stop Capt. Jones vessells 
he would burn the town. Upon this a 
party of our men went directly to stripping 
the sloop that lay at the wharf, and 
another party went off to take posession of 
the other sloop which lay below & brought 
her up nigh a wharf, & anchored in the 
stream. The Tender (Margaretta) did 
not fire, but weighed her anchors as pri- 
vately as possible, and in the dusk of the 
evening fell down and came within musket 
shot of the sloop which obliged our people 
to slip their cable & run the sloop 
aground. In the meantime a considerable 
number of our people went both in boats 
& canoes, lined the shore directly opposite 
to the Tender, & having demanded her to 
SURRENDER TO AMERICA received for 
an answer, 'fire & be damn'd;' they immed- 
iately fired in upon her, which she returned, 
and a smart engagement ensued. The 
Tender, at last, slipped her cable & fell 
down to a small sloop, commanded by 
Capt. Tobey, & lashed herself to her for 
the remainder of the night. 



134 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



"In the morning of the 12th she took 
Capt. Tobey out of his vessel for a pilot, 
& made all the sail they could to get off, 
as the wind & tide favored; but having 
carried away her main boom, and meeting 
with a sloop from the Bay of Fun day, 
they came to, robbed the sloop of her boom 
& gaff, took almost all her provisions, to- 
gether with Mr. Robert Avery of Norwich 
in Connecticut, and proceeded on their 
voyage. Our people, seeing her go off in 
the morning, determined to follow her. 

"About forty men, armed with guns, 
swords, axes & pitch forks, went in Capt. 
Jones Sloop, under the command of Capt. 
Jeremiah O'Brien: about twenty armed 
in the same manner, & under the com- 
mand of Capt. Benj. Foster went in a small 
schooner. During the chase our people 
built them breastworks of pine boards and 
anything they could find in the vessels, 
that would screen them from the enemy's 
fire. The Tender, upon the first appear- 
ance of our people, cut her boats from her 
stern, & made all the sail she could; but 
being a very dull sailor, they soon came 
up with her, and a most obstinate engage- 
ment ensued, both sides being determined 
to conquer or die; but the Tender was 
obliged to yield, her Capt. was wounded 
in the breast with two balls, of which 
wounds he died next morning: poor Mr. 
Avery was killed and one of the marines, 
and five wounded. Only one of our men 
was killed and six wounded, one of which 
is since dead of his wounds. 

"The battle was fought at the entrance 
of our harbour, & lasted for near the 
space of one hour. We have in our posses- 
sion four double fortifyed three pounders, 
& fourteen swivels, and a number of small 
arms, which we took with the Tender, be- 
sides a very small quantity of ammunition 
&c." 

It is said that Captain Moore was the 
first English naval officer who fell in the 
American Revolution. The guns of the 



''Margaretta" were taken out and put in 

Captain Jones's larger sloop. Bui v. 

built about this craft and she was renamed 

the "Liberty*' or "Machias Liberty," the 

subject of this article. Captain Jeremiah 
O' Brien was made her commander. Three 
separate accounts of this have been 
served for students of history, two of which 
were written by participants who were 
prominent in it and the third by the local 
Committeeof Correspondence as above men- 
tioned. Letters written by Joseph Wheaton 
in 1818 and 1823 were published in the 
Collections of the Maine Historical Society, 
Second Series, v. II, pp. 100 — 112; Captain 
John O'Brien's account, given by him in 
May, 1831, when he was eighty-one years 
old, was published in the Collections of the 
same society, First Series, v.X I, p. 242; 
the account given by the Committee of Cor- 
respondence was published in the same Col- 
lections, Second Series, v. VI, pp. 129 — 131. 

A few discrepancies appear in these 
various accounts. Joseph Wheaton stated 
that the Patriots seized a sloop belonging 
to Job Harris, in which to follow the "Mar- 
garetta" ; while the others named one of 
Captain Jones's vessels as having been 
seized and used. Captain John O'Brien 
made the statement that the guns of the 
"Margaretta" were taken out and put into 
the vessels which the Patriots used in the 
fight, and that she was renamed the 
"Machias Liberty"; while Joseph Wheaton 
stated that the guns were put into Captain 
Jones's larger vessel. As the accounts of 
Captains John O'Brien and Joseph Wheaton 
were written very many years after the 
affair, we must give preference to the Com- 
mittee's account, written two days after the 
fight, and consider that one of Captain 
Jones's vessels was seized and used and later 
renamed the "Machias Liberty." 

The importance of this capture was rec- 
ognized by the authorities and and the fol- 
owing resolution was passed by the Pro- 
vincial Congress in session atWatertown : — 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



13; 



"Resolved. That the thanks of Congress 
be, and they are hereby given to Capt. 
Jeremiah O'Brien and Capt. Benjamin 
Foster, and the other brave men under 
their command, for their courage and good 
conduct in taking one of the tenders be- 
longing to our enemies and two sloops be- 
longing to Ichabod Jones, and for prevent- 
ing the ministerial troops being supplied 
with lumber; and that the said tender 
sloops their appurtenances and cargoes re- 
main in the hands of the said Captain 
O'Brien and Foster and the men under their 
command, for them to use and improve, as 
they shall think most tor their and the pub- 
lic advantage, until the further order of 
this, or some future Congress, or house of 
representatives; and that the Committee 
of Safety for the western parish of Pownal- 
borough, be ordered to convey the prison- 
ers taken by the said O'Brien and Foster 
from Pownalsborough jail to the Committee 
of Safety or correspondence for the town of 
Brunswick; and the committee for Bruns- 
wick to convey them to some committee in 
the county of York, and so to be con- 
veyed, from county to county, till they ar- 
rive at this congress." 

The prisoners captured at this time were 
successfully conveyed to headquarters as 
the following quotation from the columns 
of the Essex Journal and Merrimack 
Packet, a Xewburyport -newspaper will 
show: "Last Tuesday Captain O'Bryan 
passed through this Town with seven offi- 
cers and Ichabod Jones., a well known en- 
emy to this Country, who were taken 
prisoners from three or four of the Enemy's 
vessels at Machias; and the day following 
seventeen men more from the same place, 
all on their way to Headquarters." The two 
quotations are given by John J. Currier 
in his "History of Xewburyport" v. I, p 
612. 

The authorities at Halifax were deter- 
mined to avenge this deed and sent two 
v ssels, — the schooner "Diligent" (or Dili- 



gence) eight or ten guns and fifty men, and 
the "Tapnaquish", sixteen swivels and 
twenty men. The account of the fight 
with these two vessels and their capture 
and absorption into the Patriot navy has 
already been given in the account of the 
State schooner "Diligent". 

A vote was passed in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, August 23, 1775, appropriating 
£150 for supplying the men of the "Dili- 
gent" and "Machias" with provisions and 
ammunition. One hundred three pound 
balls and two hundred swivel balls were also- 
assigned to them. February 6, 1776, a vote 
was passed in the House of Representa- 
tives, that these vessels be equipped and 
manned with fifty men each, and employed 
"to prevent supplies getting into the 
hands of our . . . enemies." The full text 
of these last two measures will be found in 
the article upon the "Diligent", together 
with a list of the wages agreed upon. Feb- 
ruary 12, 1776, a vote was passed in the 
House of Representatives, that the sum of 
"eight hundred and four Pounds four Shil- 
lings and two Pence", be paid to the offi- 
cers and men in these two vessels, in full 
discharge for their services from August 
21, 1775, to February 1, 1776. It is re- 
corded under date of February 15, that 
£763:06:01 was paid "in full for said 
O'Brien's Muster Roll." The following let- 
ter is of interest: 

"Newburyport, February 24, 1776. 
The Committee of Safety, Correspon- 
dence, and Inspection of Xewburyport, beg 
leave to acknowledge the receipt last even- 
ing of a resolve of the honourable General 
Court, passed the Sth of this present 
month, appointing them, "with Captain 
Jeremiah Obrien, a Committee to prepare, 
and, in all respects, equip and man, with 
fifty men each, including officers, the Sloop 
Machias Liberty and Schooner Diligent, 
now lying at Xewburyport . . . The 
Committee with pleasure will undertake 



136 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



and perform all in their power, and can 
engage to purchase the necessary articles 
wanted except gunpowder. Of that es- 
sential article they with reluctance say, not 
a cask can be procured at any rate. The 
pressing demands of this town have called 
for every exertion in their power to raise 
moneys, notwithstanding the town is 
greatly in debt, not being able to furnish 
enough to pay'the necessary current ser- 
vices. Therefore, to make it possible to 
comply with the aforesaid resolve, the Com- 
mittee humbly hope the honourable Coun- 
cil will furnish them by the bearer (Cap- 
tain Michael Hodge, one of their numbers) 
with as much money as the present occa- 
sion calls for, which, by a moderate calcu- 
lation, for two months cruise only, with the 
fixing the vessels, will amount to five hun- 
dred pounds, lawful money, exclusive of the 
cost of gunpowder, (which is not to be had 
here,) and of which Captain Obrien thinks 
there ought to be five hundred pounds 
weight, besides one hundred and fifty 
pounds now on board. The Committee 
apprehend that the fifty men for each ves- 
sel, or any considerable number of them, 
cannot be found in this town, owing to a 
large number being in the Continental 
Army, and to several piivateers out on 
cruises. Captain Obrien must probably 
collect his men from thence, and his present 
officers, whom he approves of, may be most 
agreeable to such men, the Committee hope 
the honourable Council will excuse them for 
recommending said officers, for this reason 
only that they are entire strangers to them. 
Per order of the Committee; 
Tristram Dalton, Chairman pro tempore- 

To the Honourable Council of the Colony 
•of Massachusetts Bay." 

A list of officers and men of this vessel 
found in the Massachusetts Archives, con- 
tains the following names: 

"Jeremiah Obrian, Commander. 

William Obrien, First Lieutenant. 



William Miller, Second Lieutenant. 
Arthur Diliaway, Master. 
Donald McDonald, Surgeon." 

Another list dated March 15, 177'.. 
the names of the captain and first Lie 
tnt as above and "Second Lieutenant • 

Samuel Black." 

CAPTAIN JEREMIAH O'BRIEN 
the son of Morris and Mary 'Keen; 
O'Brien of Scarboro, and later Machias, 
(Maine). He was the best known of the 
six brothers, famous for their patriotic 
services in the American Revolution. The 
story of his daring exploits in Machias Bay 
has already been given earlier in this 
article. It is supposed that he commanded 
the garrison at Scott's Point, below Ma- 
chias, in the summer of 1775. The English 
were repulsed with a loss of a hundred in 
killed and wounded, while the Americans 
had but three killed and a number wound- 
ed. He was captain of the sloop "Machias 
Liberty" in 1775, and February 1, 1776, 
was engaged to command her during that 
year, receiving his commission .March 15. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM O'- 
BRIEN was a brother of Captains Jere- 
miah and John O'Brien. With his other 
brothers he was in the fight in Machias 
Bay in the spring of 1775, and undoubtedly 
served on the "Machias Liberty" during 
that season. He was engaged as First 
Lieutenant of that vessel February 1, 1776, 
and commissioned March 15. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT WILLIAM 
MILLER was engaged for this service in 
1776 upon the same date as the above 
named officers. In a list found in the 
Archives, dated March 15, 1776, SAMUEL 
BLACK is given as the officer of this rank 
on the "Machias Liberty," but his name is 
not found elsewhere, and Second Lieuten- 
ant Miller's service as given in the records, 
covers this period. 

MASTER ARTHUR DILLAWAY en- 
tered service in this vessel with that rank, 
March 13, 1776. 



-ir 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



13: 



SURGEON DONALD MCDONALD 
was engaged for service on this vessel, 
February 1, 1776. 

Two hundred weight of gunpowder was 
ordered to be procured and delivered to 
Captain O'Brien, by the Commissary-Gen- 
eral for these two vessels, the vote passing 
the Council, March 16, 1776. A communi- 
cation was sent from the Secretary of the 
Council to the House of Representatives, 
March 23, in which the difficulty of pro- 
curing sufficient men to man the vessels 
was shown, as well as the improper con- 
struction of one or both of the vessels for 
the purpose named. (See Massachusetts 
Magazine, v. Ill, p. 42.) The sum of 
£950:18:02, was voted April 1, 1776, to 
be paid to Mr. Michael Hodge, for the use 
of the committee in fitting out these vessels, 
also £21:04:05, for the use of Jackson, 
Tracy & Tracy, for sundry supplies. 
These vessels evidently got away finally, 
as proved by the following note found in a 
letter dated Watertown, June 10, 1776; — - 

"Tuesday last arrived safe at Newbury- 
port, a sloop from Tortula and a schooner 
from Barbadoes, as prizes taken by Cap- 
tain O'Brien, in one of this Colony's crui- 
zers, who was left in chase of a ship when 
the above prizes parted with him." 

It has already been shown in the article 
upon the "Diligent" that all moneys were 
ordered withheld from the commanders of 
these vessels until certain claims of William 
Hazen, for "illegal capture and detention" 
of his schooner, were passed upon. (July 
5, 1776.) William Tupper was allowed 
£286:18:07, for supplies to these vessels 
July 13. 

Captain O'Brien labored under many 
difficulties during this summer of 1776, as 
the following letters will show; 

"Boston, July 24, 1776. 
May it please your Honours: The infor- 
mation which the Committee for fortifying 
the Harbour of Boston lately gave to your 



Honours, relative to Captain Obrian, they 
had from me. I then supposed the 
gestion could be easily supported; 
from various circumstances since turned 
up, I am inclined to think that the malice 
of his enemies hath induced them to take 
such steps to injure his character as con- 
not be justified. I am, your most obe- 
dient and most humble servant. 

Jno. Bachellor." 

A letter written July 29, 1776, by 
Richard Derby, Jr., to James Bowdoin, 
President of the Council, contained the 
following; "I find great difficulty with 
Obrian's crew, and am apprehensive I 
shall not be able to prevail on them to go 
to sea; they want their wages, which I 
shall not give them, and without them I 
think they will not go. His other matters 
I could have delivered him this day; but 
until matters are made easy with the crew, 
it is not worth while to expend anything 
on the vessel." 

The following communication was writ- 
ten about a month later; 

"To the honorable the Council of the State 
of the MASSACHUSETTS-BAY." 

The Committee of Correspondence, In- 
spection and Safety, for the town of New- 
buryport, would beg leave to represent to 
your Honours that a Sub-Committee was 
appointed by them, to inspect all vessels 
arriving at or departing from this harbour, 
that the regulations of the honourable 
Congress or of this State might not be 
violated; that while on their duty on board 
the sloop "Two-Friends," (which was 
sometime past taken and brought into this 
place by Captains O'Brien and Lambert, 
and acquitted by a Court of Admiralty 
held for this district ) William Hazen, 
master, bound for St. John's, they were 
informed of two men that were bound for 
Nova Scotia in said sloop, and of whom it 
was suspected that, if not prevented, they 
would be of real damage to this State to 



138 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



let pass. Upon further inquiry, we were 
satisfied as to the unfitness of their going, 
and prevented them. It appeared they 
were to be sent by Mr. Epes Sargent of 
Cape Ann, (the one being his son, and the 
other a master of a vessel who had for 
some time been in his employ, ) down to 
East Passage, where he had a snow and 
he said a schooner or two lying, with con- 
siderable interests, we have reason to 
think has for some time past been em- 
ployed in and under the protection of that 
Government. By a letter from Mr. Epes 
Sargent, which was wrote, directly upon 
his being frustrated in this plan, to Cap- 
tain Sayward, master of his snow there. 
and intercepted just before the sloop 
sailed, fully convinces us of the above 
suggestions. 

We are induced to trouble your Honours 
with this information, by a report that the 
said Mr. Sargent did, on his leaving this 
town, hire a two-mast boat in Ipswich and 
applied to a friend in Salem, who procured 
a commission for said boat; that she has 
actually sailed it is supposed directly for 
East Passage, and that his son is gone in 
her; which your Honours will be pleased 
to act upon as shall in your wisdom seem 
fit. 

In behalf and per order of the Committee. 
Jona Titcomb, Chairman pro tern 
Newburyport, 30 August, 1776. 

Epes Sargent was ordered to appear and 
make answer September 26, 1776. 

"To the honourable Committee of Coun- 
cil, assembled at Watertown, for the Massa- 
chusetts State: 

The Petition of Jeremiah 0'Briex, in 
behalf of himself and Company, humbly 
showeth; 

That he has served with his company 
on board the sloop Machias Liberty, in the 
Colony service, from the first day of Febru- 
ary last, under many disadvantages, my 
officers and seamen making repeated appli- 



cations for money, which I have supplied 
to the amount of five or six hundred dollars, 
and still lie out of it, which your Honours 
readily think is a great disadvantage to 

me. Also, I have furnished the sloop and 
schooners now in the Colony service to the 
amount of nigh one hundred and sixty 
pounds lawful money, and as yet have not 
received any pay therefor; the men on 
board had not sufficient clothing to defend 
them against the inclemency of the wea- 
ther. I have now on board my full comple- 
ment of men, who are daily solicited to 
enter in private properties; they having 
such great encouragement, renders it very 
difficult to keep them on board and unless 
the honourable Committee will in their 
great wisdom order payment it will be 
impossible to confine them on board. Also 
would inform that I have made application 
to the Commissary for provisions, and 
can't obtain any without a draft from the 
honourable Committee of Council. We 
hold ourselves always ready and willing to 
serve for the good of our country; but are 
anxious to know whether we are held in 
commission or to be discharged. An 
immediate answer from your Honours will 
lay your petitioner under the greatest 
obligations imaginable. As in duty bound 
shall ever pray 

Jeremiah O'Brien. 

In Council, October 1, 1776. 
Read, and hereupon Ordered, That the 
Commissary-General of this State be, and 
he hereby is directed to furnish necessary 
Provisions from time to time to the men 
belonging to the Sloop Machias Liberty, 
under the command of Captain Jeremiah 
O'Brien, and in actual service on board the 
said sloop, untill the next meeting of the 
General Court. 

John Avery, Deputy Secretary/' 

" Resolved, That the Receiver-General be 
and he is hereby directed to pay to Jona- 
than Glover, Esq., or order, £249,1 5s, 6d in 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



139 



full for sundries he supplied to Captain 
Jeremiah Obrian and John Lambert, whilst 
in the service of this State." 
(Passed October 12, 1776.) 

" Resolved, That the Honourable Richard 
Derby, Esq., be and he is hereby directed 
to discharge the Sloop Machias Liberty 
from the service of this State, and to take 
into his possession all the Cannon and 
other Stores which are on board said Sloop, 
and are the property of this State, and' the 
said Richard Derby, Esq., is hereby further 
directed to discharge Captain Jeremiah 
Obrian, and the officers and men under 
his command, from the service of this 
State." 
(Passed October 15, 1776.) 

The "Machias Liberty" and the "Dili- 
gent" were sold to private parties, as the 
following resolve passed October 19, 1776» 
will show; 

"On the Petition of James Noble Shan- 
non and Jonas Famsworth, praying for the 
delivery of four Cannon, the Sloop Liberty 
and Schooner Diligent, with all their 
appurtenances: 

Resolved, That the Commissary-Genera} 
be, and he hereby is directed to deliver 
James Noble Shannon and Jonas Fams- 
worth, agents for the captors of the Sloop 
Liberty and Schooner Diligent, the four 
three-pound Cannon, the property of this 
State, taken from on board the Sloop 
Liberty, in lieu of four three-pound Can- 
non belonging to the petitioners, which 
Colonel Crafts, by order of Council, took 
from on board the Schooner Diligent, and 
exchanged with Captain Somes for cannon 
of a larger size, and that the Commissary- 
General be empowered and directed to 
deliver to the aforesaid James Noble Shan- 
non and Jonas Famsworth the said Sloop 
Liberty and Schooner Diligent with such 
of their appurtenances as are not the prop- 
erty of this State." 

"Resolved, That the Treasurer of this 
State be, and he hereby is directed to stop, 
out of the moneys due to Captain Jeremiah 



Obrian on his muster-roll, the sum of £21, 
for cash supplied the said Captain Obrian 
by Messieurs Jackson, Tracy & Tracy of 
Newburyport, for the purpose of supplying 
Captain Obrian's men, and pay the said 
Company of Jackson, Tracy & Tracy, the 
sum of £21, taking their receipts for the 
same." 
(Passed October 30, 1776.) 

The following receipt for supplies fur- 
nished in the summer of 1776 and paid 
for in the following spring, is of interest 
as it shows what these vessels carried on 
their cruises; 

"State of the Mafsachusetts Bay to Rich. 
Derby Jun for Sundries delivered Capt. 
Jeremiah Obrian of the Arm Sloop M. 
Liberty, in the Service of this State for the 
use of said Sloop, viz. 
1776 

Julv 30, To J. Sprague for 91 K Gall 
Rum (a 4, Cask 12 18:18:00 

To 62 V 2 Gall Molafses, @. 3, 2 
barrels @ 3 9:13:06 

To 4 bus Oatmeal @, 4-S 4;3;4 
Bread @- 20 5:14:01 

'io 4 qoz Flints 2-2 Lanthornes 
4 10:00 

To 2 draw Buckitts @ 2, 8 Cani- 
ster Shott 28 (a 6 18:00:00 

To S bunch Grape Shott 32 lb. 
(2 6d, 109 lb. Powder @ 6 33:10:00 

To 1 old Sail 70, 4 vds oznabrigs 
(for bandage) (a 3 ' 4:02:00 

To 6 Blocks 12, Cash for 2 Sheep 
Skins 6 18:00 

Cash as pr list 13:06:08 

Pd J. Obrian's order inf of David 
Ropes for his men's Expences 2:16:02 

To Miles Greenwood for his acct 
1 bbl Rum 9:02:06 

To Josiah Richardson for his 
acct Beef 2:07:01^ 

To Fred Cumbs for his acct 
Bread 3:13:00 



£105:09:01 l 4 
Salem, Feb 19, 1777. 

Errors Excepted 

Rich Derby Jun ." 

The officers of the "Machias Liberty" 
were all discharged October 15, 1776. 



140 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



CAPTAIN JEREMIAH O'BRIEX was 

commissioned commander of the privateer 
schooner "Resolution," August 13, 1777. 
June 23, 177D, he was engaged as Captain 
of a company of rangers, and served 4 
mos. 8 days under Colonel John Allan at 
Machias. He was commissioned comman- 
der of the privateer ship "Hannibal," 
September 8, 17S0. She was fitted out at 
Newburyport and was captured by two 
English frigates after a chase of 4S hours. 
He was confined in the Jersey prison ship 
for six months and was afterwards carried 
to England where he was confined in the 
Mill Prison for several months. He finally 
escaped, crossed the channel to France 
and returned to America. A kindly act 
performed by Captain O'Brien and his 
wife had an important bearing upon his 
life later. Albert Gallatin landed at Saint 
John, New Brunswick, about 1780. He 
made his way into Maine through Calais 
and Machias, and while in the last named 
place was taken sick and kindly cared for 
by Captain O'Brien and his wife. Upon 
his recovery he went on his way to Xew 
York, and finally settled in Pennsylvania. 
He became a leader in Congress and was 
appointed Secretary of the Treasury in 
1801. In return for the kind hospitality 
which has been shown him years before 
he appointed Captain Jeremiah O'Brien 
Collector of the port of Machias. The cap- 
tain held that office until his death, October 
5, 1818. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM O'- 
BRIEN received his discharge from the 
"Machias Liberty," October 15, 1776. He 
held the same rank on the privateer sloop 
"General Montgomery," for which service 
his commission was ordered, February 4, 
1778. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT WILLIAM 
MILLER was discharged with the other 
officers October 15, 1776. No further 
record of service is to be found in the 
Archives. 

MASTER ARTHUR DILLAWAY was 
discharged on the same date — October 15, 
1776. He may have been the man of that 
name who served on the frigate "Hague" 
under Captain John Manley, in 1783. 

SURGEON DONALD MCDONALD 
was discharged October 15, 1776. He 
served as Surgeon of Colonel John Allan's 
Regiment, at Machias from May 5 to 
December 1, 1778. 



"The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the 
other side of the American Revolution,"* 
by James H. Stark. 

The author of this work after dilating in 
the introduction upon the "benefit of un- 
biased historical teachings", the "dignity 
of history", and the iniluence of "false . 
and. . . .one-sided history", proceeds to give 
us the most biased, one-sided and 
dignified contribution that has been | I 
before the student of American history for 
many a day. That this particular work is 
especially biased and one-sided, will be 
readily apparent to all who read it. and 
the petulant and childish way in which he 
repeats over and over again, his favorite 
epithets of "rebel" and "Son of Despo- 
tism", adds nothing to the dignity of the 
work. After reading the book, one in- 
stinctively turns to other readers of it and 
asks which group of men in their opinion, 
has earned the greatest meed of praise; 
the Patriots or Loyalists 5 

These parties were, to use the language 
of the author, made up as follows; — 

The Patriots oi Disunionists as he pleases 
to call them, were "men who had abilities 
which could not be recognized under the 
existing regime, and those that form the 
lower strata of every society and are ever 
ready to overthrow the existing order of 
things." 

The Loyalists numbered in their ranks 
"the crown officials, dignified and worthy 
gentlemen; the clergy of the Estab- 
lished Church, who were partially depend- 
ant for their livings upon the British gov- 
ernment; the landowners and the 

substantial business men; the aristo- 
cracy of culture, of dignified professions 
and callings, of official rank and heredi- 
tary wealth Such worthy and 

talented men of high social positions were 
the leaders of the opposition to the re- 
bellion." 

The author states that these parties were 
about equal in numbers and quotes the 
claim made by the Loyalists themselves, 
that they were in the majority. Allowing 
the author's claim in regard to numbers to 
be true, what was it, we are compelled to 
ask, which made it possible for these men 
of "the lower strata", men possessed of a 
"lawless and anarchical spirit", "unletter- 
ed colonists", to successfully combat and 

*Published by the Salem Press Company. Salem, 
Massachusetts. 8. vo. .509 pages. Illustrated. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



141 



finally conquer, these men of position, edu- 
cation, and governmental power, with great 
wealth and the British army and navy 
behind them? We believe that aside from 
all questions of motives, the Patriots pos- 
sessed certain qualities and virtues which 
did not belong in like degree to the men 
on the Loyalist side. 

Fisher states that "the history of the 
Revolution disclosed qualities in which the 
Americans notoriously excelled Europeans 
as well as the Anglo-Saxon stock in Eng- 
land from which they were derived. They 
were of keener practical intelligence, more 
promptness in action, more untiring ener- 
gy, more originality in enterprise, better 
courage and endurance, and more natural 
military skill among the rank and file. 
These distinctively American qualities, as 
we now call them, seem to have been 
much more in evidence among the patriot 
party than among the loyalists." 

The personal struggles which these men 
had become accustomed to in their efforts 
to maintain their homes, till the rugged 
soil and conquer the seas in their small 
craft, had developed in them the virtues 
of courage and daring and power to take 
the physical initiative, which had not been 
cultivated and was not possessed in equal 
degree by the holders of the King's offices, 
the clergy of the Established Church and 
the men of inherited wealth. The result 
was that when the time came for open 
revolt, the supporters of the government 
were in every way unprepared for the great 
and energetic uprising which they beheld. 
The author berates the Patriots for the 
vigorous way in which they proceeded 
against the Loyalists in the beginning of 
the struggle, but there is good reason to 
believe that the final result would have 
been different if the Patriots had com- 
menced the conflict in a half-hearted and 
lukewarm manner. ''War is hell", under 
any circumstances, and the side which 
strikes the quicker and the stronger blows, 
has the greater chance of winning. 

That the Loyalists did not possess the 
same degree of courage and daring as the 
Patriots, is shown in many ways, but in 
none more strongly than in the readiness 
with which they stampeded under the 
protection of the British guns and hiber- 
nated in the winter resorts which Howe 
maintained successivelv at Boston, New 
York and Philadelphia. Hard as the 
winter at Valley Forge may have been, 



the Patriots came out of it better soldiers 
and stronger men, while the Loyalists and 
their protectors had been weakened by the 
life of ease and pleasure in gay Philadelphia. 
We have quoted the author in his account 
of the make-up of the two parties but in 
justice we must state that there were many 
notable examples of men of wealth, refine- 
ment and culture who were ardent workers 
in America's cause. A glaring discrepancy 
in the work shows that the author was not 
altogether unaware of the possession of 
some virtues on the part of the Patriots, 
in spite of his derogatory account of their 
personnel above quoted for he states on 
page 61, "The fact is that as far as the 
Americans were in it, the war of the 
Revolution was a civil war in which tlie 
two sides were not far from equality in 
numbers, in social conditions, awl their 
manners and customs." In his mad rush 
to hurl darts at the Patriots he seems to 
have overlooked contradictions such as the 
above. Another equally glaring discrep- 
ancy occurs in his references to the in- 
tegrity of the merchants. On page 34 in 
referring to the period between the fall of 
Quebec and the revolution, he states that 
"The merchants and sailors were to a 
man, lawbreakers." In the biographical 
sketches of the Loyalists in the latter part 
of the book he gives the life story of no 
less that 37 men whom he describes as 
merchants or ship masters, extolling their 
virtues as he does the judges and clergy. 
In later editions the date of the arrival 
of John Endicott should be September 
1628, instead of 1629 as stated on page 8. 

In a quotation above given, Mr. Stark 
alludes to "the crown officials" as "digni- 
fied and worthy gentlemen." We believe 
that Trevelyan comes much nearer to the 
truth in the following quotation : 

"It is the bare truth that his own Gov- 
ernors and Lieutenant Governors wrote 
King George out of America. The stages 
of the process are minutely recorded by an 
analytical philosopher who enjoyed every 
facility for conducting his observations. 
'Their office', wrote Franklin 'makes them 
insolent; their insolence makes them odi- 
ous; and, being conscious that they are 
hated, they become malicious. Their mal- 
ice urges them in continual abu-e of the 
inhabitants in their letters to administra- 
tion, representing them as disaffected and 
rebellious, and (to encourage the use of 
severity), as weak, divided, timid, and 



142 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



cowardly. Government believes all; thinks 
it necessary to support and countenance its 
officers. Their quarrelling with the peo- 
ple is deemed a mark and consequence of 
their fidelity. They are therefore more 
highly rewarded, and this makes their con- 
duct still more insolent and provoking.' 
It was a picture painted from life, in strong 
but faithful colors. The letters of Ber- 
nard, the Governor of Massachusetts, con- 
tained the germ of all the culpable and 
foolish proceedings which at the long last 
alienated America." 

"American Revolution" 
Edition of 1905, v. 1, p. 16. 
On pages 57-S we find the following : 
"There were brave and honest men in 
America who were proud of the great and 
free empire to which they belonged, who 
had no desire to shirk the burden of 
maintaining it, who remembered with 
gratitude that it was not colonial, but all 
English blood that had been shed around 
Quebec and Montreal in defence of the 
colonies." In view of what the American 
colonists really did in these campaigns 
against the French in Canada, the above 
statement is a gross perversion of history. 
In both men and money the New England 
and other American colonies greatly assisted 
the mother country in the operations at 
the north. Lieut. Colonel William Wool in 
"The Logs of the Conquest of Canada," 
published by the Champlain Society, a 
Canadian institution, states that in response 
to Pitts' request, "Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut raised their real estate war tax to 
the enormous height of 36 per cent, be- 
sides which there was the 19s personal tax 
on every man over sixteen." Bancroft 
tells us that "more than twenty thousand 
provincials were called into service" at 
this time. In the Massachusetts Magazine 
v. I, pp. 174-5, will be found a list of 32 
men from the town of Marblehead who 
went to Quebec, and on page 262 of the 
same volume is printed a list of 18 men 
from the colony who died on the voyage 
from Quebec to Boston in October, 1759. 
The histories of the Massachusetts regi- 
ments in the Revolution which are being 
published in this magazine show that a 
large percentage of the officers of these 
regiments had seen service under the King 
in Canada, and yet Mr. Stark has the 
audacity to tell us that it was "not colo- 
nial, but all English blood that had been 
shed." 



The weakest part of the work is probably 
the review of the causes which ted it] 
the American Revolution, and this 
ness is more apparent when compared to 
the masterly way in which this subject 
has been treated in two recent work-. — 
from which we have quoted, Fisher's 
"Struggle for American Independence" 
and Trevelyan's "American Revolution." 

Little need be written in this review of 
the bitter and one-sided attack made up<»n 
the characters and reputations of many of 
the leaders of the cause of the Patriot. 
They were not saints but men, with human 
weaknesses and frailties. Their shortcom- 
ings have been matters of historical record 
but it has remained for the author of this 
book, with his passion for collecting the 
records of the low and base in men to 
present the mistakes and crimes of our 
revolutionary fathers and forget the good 
that was in them. Such unfair treatment 
returns like a boomerang upon the hurler 
of such words. 

The portion of the book possessing espe- 
cial merit is the series of biographical 
sketches of the Loyalists. Mr. Stark has 
undoubtedly devoted much time in his 
researches into the lives of these men and 
he has presented a story which aside from 
the frequent flings at everything and 
everybody connected with the American 
cause, is ver** interesting. One cannot but 
regret that the author did not possess the 
good taste to present these biographies in 
a dignified manner leaving out the intem- 
perate, defamatory and unfair allusions to 
the Patriots. The searcher for the '"other 
side" of the American Revolution seems 
to have closed his eyes to all but the bad 
side of the noble and successful fighters 
for freedom. 

We have alluded above to three marked 
discrepancies in the book. The fourth and 
most noticeable one is his avowed desire 
for international amity between Great 
Britain and America and his continued use 
of the poisoned dart and the gall pot 
throughout his treatment of the subject 
in hand. He quotes in support of his 
desire the beautiful sentiment that "If 
love would but once unite, the seas could 
never sever. Earth has never beheld a 
co-mingling of men, so impressive, so 
likely to be fraught with noble advantages 
through ages to come, as would be the 
coming together of English-speaking men in 
one cordial bond." How much, may we 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



143 



ask, has Mr. Stark done in this book under 
consideration, to bring about this much 
desired end? Many men have said to the 
writer of this review since this book ap- 
peared, "If our kindly approaches are to 
be answered with abuse and insults what 
is the sense of trying to improve the feel- 
ing between the nations." We fully believe 
that the time will come when the alliance 
of English speaking people will be com- 
plete in everything but organic political 
union, but that glorious and much-hoped 
for time will not be hastened by such a 
tactless and intemperate writer as the 
author of this work has shown himself 
to be. 

We fully believe that Mr. Stark does the 
American people a gross injustice when he 
mentions in his introduction "the persist- 
ent ill will towards England." The feeling 
of good will which always shows itself when 
the soldiers and sailors of these two great 
nations meet in distant climes, has grad- 
ually grown and strengthened among 
Americans during the past thirty years. 
In support of this statement it is a pleas- 
ure to state that within a few weeks the 
editor of this department was approached 
by a citizen of Massachusetts, prominent 
alike in the hereditary patriotic orders and 
the active militia, with the suggestion that 
a monument be erected on Boston Com- 
mon to commemorate British valor as dis- 
played by the soldiers of the King in the 
American Revolution. The writer of this 
review has for many years endeavored to 
encourage this feeling of amity. He has 
cheered the soldiers and sailors of England 
as they have marched through the streets 
of Boston, and has applauded British ora- 
tors in Tremont Temple. As an expression 
of this sentiment he placed in his office sev- 
eral years ago the crossed American and 
English flags. They remained there for 
years, inspected by hundreds of the de- 
scendants of revolutionary sires, with no 
words of protest but many expressions of 
good will. It remained for a young woman 
born in the maritime provinces, to utter 
the first discordant word, which came in 
the form of a bitter insult to the stars and 
stripes. 

m If Mr. Stark has encountered this "per- 
sistent ill will", we fear that it is because 
he has approached individuals in the same 
spirit that he has approached the reading 
public in this book. If he is sincere in his 
desire to assist in bringing about an era of 



good will, he can find a much better way 
to do it than in the expresM'jn of SUCH 
sentiments as are found throughout the 
pages of the "Loyalists of Massachusetts." 



Captain John Linzee of His Majesty's Navy 

Mr. Joseph H. Andrews of Gloucester 
has kindly loaned the editor of this de- 
partment a biographical sketch . if the 
commander of the British ship "Falcon" 
which fired upon Bunker Hill on the 17th 
of June, 1775. We are also indebted to 
him for the accompanying picture of the 
captain. The sketch was written by Mr. 
John W. Linzee of Boston, grandson of 
Captain Linzee. and sent with the photo- 
graph and the following letter to Mr. An- 
drews. 

"96 Charles St., 
Boston, Sept. 17. 1901. 
Joseph H. Andrews, Esq., 
Gloucester 
Dear Sir: 

I am happy to comply with my promise 

to furnish you with a little record of my 

grandfather, which you will find herewith. 

Another paper, accompanying this, may, 

perhaps, be of interest to you. 

That you may have some idea of the 
appearance of the man at the time he 
made the fruitless attempt to destroy 
Gloucester, I send a photo for your accep- 
tance. 

Allow me to thank you for your kind- 
ness, and, through you, Mr. Bradstreet for 
opening the church to my family and my- 
self and I remain 

Very truly yours. 

j'ohn W. Linzee." 

"CAPTAIN JOHN LIXZEE born at 
Plymouth, England, in 1743, was the son 
of John and Rose Linzee. He entered the 
English Navy at a very early age, and 
after passing' the lower grades was. pre- 
vious to 1772, promoted to a Captaincy. 
In that year he was in command of His 
Majesty's Ship "Beaver," one of the fleet 
stationed on the American coast, and 
being in Boston, he married Susanna, 
daughter of Ralph Inman, a large landed 
proprietor and prominent citizen of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. Subsequently he 
commanded the "Falcon," stationed off 
Charlestown during the battle of Bunker 



144 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Hill, in which he took an active part. 
From 1777 to 1770 he commanded the 
"Pearl." In 1770 he was appointed to 
the "Penelope," in which he arrived at 
Boston in 1791, having with him his wife 
and all his children; when shortly after the 
decease of his wife, he resigned his com- 
mission in the naval service and selected 




Milton, Massachusetts, as his place of 
residence, where he died in 1798. His 
eldest son and another son who was the 
father of John W. Linzee, were midship- 
men on the "Penelope." All of his chil- 
dren remained in America with the excep- 
tion of his eldest son, Samuel Hood Linzee, 



who remained in the Royal X.ivv and died 
in Plymouth, England,' in 1821, having 
attained the rank of admiral. His de- 
scendants are living in England. 

The remainder of Captain Lir.zee's chil- 
dren married in Boston and their descend- 
ants are very numerous. They are includ- 
ed in the families of Amory, Dexter, Tilden, 
Codman, Wolcott and others down to the 
fifth generation, the youngest of all (in 
1901) being the children of Massachusetts' 
late Governor, Roger Wolcott, whose wife 
was grand-daughter of William H. Pres- 
cott, the historian, who was grand-son of 
Colonel William Prescott, the Patriot com- 
mander at Bunker Hill. William H. Pres- 
cott married Miss Susan Amory, grand- 
daughter of Captain Linzee. The swords 
worn by Colonel Prescott and Captain 
Linzee at the battle of Bunker Hill are 
now in the possession of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, having been presented 
to the Society by the grand-children of 
Prescott and Linzee. [Mr. Linzee in 1901 
stated, that his two sons, a nephew and 
himself, were the only ones of male des- 
cent in this country bearing the name of 
Linzee, but that he had two grandsons at 
college in England.] My two sons, a 
nephew & myself are the only ones, of 
male descent, in this country bearing 
the name of Linzee, but I have two 
grandsons at College in England. 

John W. Linzee." 
Boston, Sept. 17, 1901. 




ilgrtmsatta §9lanttr 

~ 16 20-1630 s^ 1 ^ 

Lucie ML Gardner. A. B.. Editor. 



Societies 

MAYFLOWER SOCIETY. 

Membership, Confined to Descendants of the May' 
flower Passengers. 
Governor — Asa P. French. 
Deputy Governor — John Mason Little. 
Captain — Edwin S. Crandon. 
Elder — Rev. George Hodges, D. D. 
Secretary — George Ernest Bowman. 
Treasurer — Arthur I. Nash. 
Historian — Stanley W. Smith. 
Burgeon — William H. Prescott, M. D. 
Assistants — Edward H. Whorf. 

Mrs. Leslie C. We ad. 

Henry D. Forbes. 

Mrs. Annie Quincy Emery. 

Lorenzo D. Baker, Jr. 

Miss Mary E. Wood. 

Miss Mary F. Edson. 



THE OLD PLANTERS SOCIETY. 

Incorporated. 

Membership Confined to Descendants of Settlers 

in New England prior to the Transfer of the 

Charter to New England in 1630. 

President 1 — Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson 

Cambridge 
Vice Pres. — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Salem. 
Secretary — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 
Treasurer — Frank V. Wright, Salem. 
Registrar — Mrs. Lora A. W. Underhill, 

Brighton. 
Councillors — Samuel F. "Wolcott. Salem 

R. W. SpRAr.uE, M. D„ Boston. 

Hon. A. P. Gardner, Hamilton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brookline. 

Francis H. Lee, Salem. 

Col. J. Granville Leach, Phila. 

Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plain. 

Joseph A. Torrey, Manchester. 

Edward O. Skelton. Roxbury. 



The annual meeting of the Old Planters' 
society was held March 23 in the parlors 
of the Y. M. C. A. in Salem. The vice 
president, Dr. Frank A. Gardner, presided 
in the absence of the president Col. Thomas 
Wentworth Higginson. In his introduc- 
tory remarks, Dr. Gardner spoke of the 
progress made during the 10 years of the 
society since its organization in 1900. 
William Prescott Greenlaw, secretary of 



the N\ E. Historic-Genealogical society and 
a member of the Old Planters' council for 
10 years and Rev. Charles Henry Pope, 
author of "Pope's pioneers," were made 
honorary members. 

The following officers were elected: Presi- 
dent, Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson; 
vice president, Dr. Frank A. Gardner; 
treasurer, Frank V. Wright; secretary, 
Lucie M. Gardner; registrar, Mrs. Lora AAV. 
Underhill; councillors, Samuel F. Wolcott 
of Salem, Edward O. Skelton of Roxbury, 
Nathanial Conant of Brookline, Col. J. 
Granville Leach of Philadelphia. 

The hymn, "The Pilgrim and the Puri- 
tan," written for the society by John J. 
Loud of Weymouth was sung. The treas- 
urer's report showed a most satisfactory 
condition and the annual report of the 
secretary was a most interesting summary 
of the events of the year. The paper of 
the afternoon was by Dr. Frank A. Gard- 
ner, and his subject was "John Endecott 
and the men who came to Salem in the 
Abigail in 1628." He spoke first of the 
formation of the company in England in 
1628, which purchased the rights of the 
Dorchester people in the settlements made 
here by them at Cape Ann and Salem under 
Roger Conant, Thomas Gardner and the 
other planters. The new purchasers sent 
a company from Weymouth, Eng., June 
20, 1628, in the ship Abigail, commanded 
by Capt. Henrv Gauden, which arrived 
here Sept. 6. They found here the old 
planters, who had settled here under 
Roger Conant and had planted and fished 
for two years. The various controversies 
between the old planters and the Endecott 
people were dwelt upon and the final settle- 
ment of these difficulties and the peaceful 
union of these two groups of men. 

The speaker also dwelt upon the char- 
acter and influence of John Endecott and of 
the good which he accomplished as gov- 
ernor of the young colony. Dr. Gardner 
spoke of the 'paternal as well as govern- 
mental duties which the governor was 
called upon to perform as custodian of the 
moral and industrial activities of those 



146 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



under him. Brief biographies were given 
of Richard Braekenbury, Capt. Richard 
Davenport, Gov. John Endecott and 
Charles Gott. 

The Planters' society plans to issue each 
year the record of a migration or settle- 
ment within the planter period, 1620 to 
1630, with biographies of all the men who 
came. These will be published and later 
issued in book form with a complete index 
and reference list for students of early his- 
tory. The society devotes itself 'to a 
definite field of historical research and has 
planned definite work ahead for several 
years. Its first 10 years have been very 
successful and its growth and influence 
have constantly increased. The member- 
ship is confined to the descendants of the 
men who came before 16o0. 

After the address of Dr. Gardner a social 
hour was enjoyed and refreshments were 
served from old blue colonial china. 
Daffodils graced the table. 



Summer Meetings. 

The following notice has been forwarded 
of the secretaries of the organized families 
dating from the planter period (1620-30) . 
Favorable replies have been received and 
indications point toward a successful and 
enjoyable occasion : — 



Gathering of the Descendants of the Planters 
of Cape Ann and Salem. 

A meeting of the secretaries of the fam- 
ily associations whose emigrant ancestois 
came to Massachusetts Bay before 1630, 
was held in Boston on Monday, May 16th, 
1910, by invitation of the Old Planters 
Society. 

The object of the. meeting was to ar- 
range for a gathering of the members of all 
these associations during the coming sum- 
mer. Several secretaries responded and 
voted to hold such a gathering of these 
Puritan families at the Salem Willows on 
June 29th, 1910. The meeting will be 
called to order on that date and each fam- 
ily will be represented bv some prominent 
member as a speaker. Those who can ar- 
range to be present earlier in the day will 
be able to find a first class shore dinner at 
1 P.M., or can bring (as manv others will) 
a basket lunch to be eaten in one of the 
pavilions. 

. The enthusiastic way in which the prop- 
osition has been received bv members of 



the Allen. Balch, Conant, GaHner, Wood- 
bury and other families, lead 

a large ami successful meeting .V 
boat parties on the beautiful Salem h . 
by the President's summer home, the 
North Shore and Marblehead Harbor, will 
be arranged for all who care to go 

Kindly reply to the undersigned uj^m 
the enclosed coupon, before June 20th 
stating the number of members of your 
immediate family and friends who expect 
to attend. 

These notices will he forwarded to the 
members of the family associations by 
their own secretaries and replies will be 
made to them. The Old Planters Society 
also extends a cordial welcome to members 
of the Endicott, Dodge, Scott. Higginson, 
Skelton, Sprague, Trask an 1 other unor- 
ganized families of this period to be pres- 
ent also. 



ffamilp B55octation5 



BALCH FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of John Balch. Wessaqusset 1623; 
Cape Ann, 1024; Salem, 1026; Beverly, 1638. 
President — Galcsha B. Balch, XI. P., 

Yonkf.rs, N. Y. 
Vice Pres. — George W. Balch, Detroit. 

Joseph B. Balch, Df.dham. 

Francis N. Baj.ch, Jamaica Plain. 

Gardner P. Balch, \\"e.-t Uoxucry. 

Harry H. Coffin, Brookline. 

Maj. H. H. Clay, Caiesrurg, III. 

John Balch, Milton 

William H. Balch, Stoneham. 

Alfred C. Balch, Phila. 

E. T. Stone, Somerville. 
Secretary — William Lincoln Balch, Boston. 



ROGER CONANT FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of Ror.er Conant, Plymouth, 1022; 
Nantasket, 1024-6; Cave Ann, 1625; 
Salem, 1626; Beverly, 1638. 
President" — Samuel Morris Conant, Pawtucket. 
Sec'y & Treas.— Charles Milton Conant, Boston. 
Chaplain— Rev. C. A. Conant, \V. Albany, N. Y. 
Execctive Committee 

Hamilton S. Conant, Boston, Chairman. 

W. E. Conant, Littleton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brookline. 

Dr. AVm. M. Conant, Button. 

Charles A. Conant, New York. 

Edward D. Conant. Newton. 

Frederick Odell Conant, Portland. Me. 

Francis Ouer Conant. Brookhaven, Miss. 

Henry E. Conant. Concohd, N. II. 

Clarissa Conant, Danvers. 

John A. Conant, Willimantic, Conn. 

Charlotte H. Conant, Natick. 

Chas. Bancroft Conant, Newark, N. J. 



A Continuation of the Genealogical Dictionary of Esses < ounty Families, compiled until 
Oct., 1U09, by Sidney Perley, Esq., in The Essex Antiquarian. 

iftamtly (gntralngifB 

LUCIE MARION GARDNER, A.B., Editor 

Essex wu the first county fettled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, ami all the record* of earlv MaMachnMttl f«milie« 

found in the probate, court and town records of this county prior to the year l-"i ar.- gathered 

and published here in alphabetical form, and arranged genealogically w h.-n pnMible. 



BROWN NOTES. 

Brown data that differs from that 
given of Richard Brown of Xewbury 
line in Essex Antiquarian for Oct. 
1909: 

Mr. Asa W. Brown, now deceased, 
sent to me data, in part, secured by 
him in a sixty years study of Browns. 
He was author of "Brown Family 
Data" in the "Genealogical Register" 
for the year 1853. I think it was. He 
was very eccentric in his style and I 
copy his words as I understood them. 
Also additional items gleaned from: 
Coffin's & Currier's "Xewbury, 
Mass.," Hoyt's " Old Families of Sal- 
isbury & Amesbury," Savage's Genea- 
logical Dictionary." etc. 

Joseph 1 Brown of Hampton, St. 
Michael's, England — an active craft — 
1620 to 1642— helped his brother 
George's 3 sons, Henry 2 , William 2 and 
George 2 , over and they settled in 
Salisbury, Mass. Also helped some 
twenty Browns to the Merrimack, to- 
gether with his brothers, James 1 , who 
came over in "Mary and John," 1634, 
— and John 1 , in 1634 or 5. George 1 d. 
in Salisbury, Eng., 1633,— leaving 
widow Christian, and sons, Henry 2 
William 2 , George 2 and Abraham 2 . 
Widow Christian came over in 1639. 
and died at Salisbury, Mass., Dec. 
28, 1641. 

James 1 came from Southampton, 
England, with his wife. Was at 



Newbury, Mass.. in 1635 — eminent 
teacher and divine at Portsmouth. X. 
H., many years, but returned to Xew- 
bury prior to 1636. Whether John 1 
was identical with John of Hampton, 
X. H., I am not able to answer. 
About 1642 Joseph 1 with his youngest 
child came over to Rowley. By Mr. 
Brown calling him, Joseph 1 , "an act- 
ive craft," and helping so many over. 
I should judge he was "Master" -of 
some ship. Cannot verify this. With 
James 1 Brown and wife, Mar. 26. 
1633 or 4, also sailed 3 children of 
Joseph 1 — in ship "Mary and John" 
for Xew England. These were 
George 2 , Richard 2 and Sarah 2 Brown. 
James 2 , ae. 17, came over in ship 
"James" to Boston 3:6:1635, m. 
Sarah Cutting, dau. of Capt. John 
Cutting. Rem. from Xewbury to 
Salem and d. there in 1676. Of the 
name of Joseph 1 Brown's youngest 
child I have no idea. Have never at- 
tempted to verify Mr. Brown's state- 
ment in regard to this arrival of 
father and child. 

The ship "Marx and John" arrived 
at Boston, in May. 1634. 38 of the 
passengers went at once to Agawam 
(Ipswich) and there remained until 
spring when they removed to form 
a new settlement which was incorpor- 
ated as Xewbury. May 6, 1635. 
Among these were James 1 and wife, 
Richard 2 , George 2 and Sarah 2 Brown. 



148 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



The latter, called eldest dau. of 
Joseph 1 Brown of Southampton, Eng- 
land, married prior to embarkation, 
Rev. James Noyes, son of Rev. Wil- 
liam and Anne (Barker) Noyes. He 
was matriculated Brasenose College, 
Oxford, 22 Aug., 1627 ; was teacher 
and pastor, 1635, at Newbury, Mass.; 
d. there Oct. 21, 1656, ae. 48'. She d. 
13th of 7 mo., 1691, 10 ch. 

George 2 d. Aug. 1, 1642. 

The Margery 3 named in his will I 
never found listed among children of 
Richard 2 Brown except in Essex An- 
tiquarian. Am inclined to question 
it, as Margery is not a Brown favor- 
ite name. 

Richard 2 built a house in Ipswich 
which had been twice sold before 
1638. His 2nd wife was living a 
\vidow T in 1683. His sons Joseph 3 , 
and Caleb 3 evidently died prior to 
their father as they were not men- 
tioned in his will. v. ch. Elizabeth 3 , 
b. May 29, 1649. ix. Mary 3 , m. 
Dec. 8, 1680, Hon. and Col. William 2 
Partridge b. abt. 1654, Councillor 
and Lt. Gov. of Province of N. H., 
d. Newbury, Mass., Jan. 3, 1728 or 9. 
Wid. Mary d. June 10, 1739. 5 ch. ; 
Richard 4 , Nehemiah 4 , Mary 4 , Wil- 
liam 4 , and Elizabeth 4 Partridge. 

Dea. Joseph 4 Browx m. abt. 1694, 
Sarah 3 Treadwell b. at Ipswich, 
Mass., Aug. 15. 1674, dau. of Nathan- 
iel 2 and Abigail (Wells) Treadwell. 

6 ch.: 

n. Nathaniels or Nathaxo. b. June 
18, 1697, prob. d. young. 

IV. Nathaniels, b. Aug. 1, 1700, prob. 
grad. H. C. 1722; d. Nov. 30, 
1730. {Hoyt's 8. & A. Fams.) 

Rev. Richard 4 and Martha (Whip- 
ple) had 8th child, Elizabeth 5 Brown 



who m. Dr. Samuel Langdon. In 1774 
he was Pres. H. C. 

Joshua 5 Brown b. Newbury, July 1, 
1704. His wid. Joanna m. 2nd Nov. 
30, 1758, Jonathan Brown at Kings- 
ton, X. H. 

Joseph 6 Brown m. Elizabeth Saw- 
yer, bapt. 1738. dau. of Joseph and 
Dorothy (Brown) Sawyer. She d. at 
Andover, July 13, 1813. 7 ch. 

7th child of Joshua 5 : Nathaniel 
Treadwell 6 Brown b. May, 1744, at 
Kingston, X. H., d. voung, Feb. 21, 
1746. 

9th child, Nathaniel b. Oct. 29, 
1748, m. Nov. 17, 1771 Mary Clif- 
ford. Resided at Hawke (Danville) 
N. H., where he d. Apr. 1802. 

[Notes Contributed by Marcia F. Hil- 
ton, East Andover, X. H.] 



BROWNING NOTES. 

Thomas Browning was of Salem, 
1636, a town officer. Deposed in 
1660, ae. abt. 73 years. Removed to 
Topsfield, Mass., before 1661 and was 
dismissed from Salem Church Nov. 
9, 1663 to help form Church at Tops- 
field. His daughter Man- was bapt. 
7:11:1637. Deborah bapt. '31 :11 :1646. 
He died Feb. 1670. Will dated Feb. 
16, 1670. probated 28:4:1671. Grand- 
son Thomas Towne, daughters 
Towne, Simons. Williams and Mea- 
chaux. Joseph Williams and Isaac 
Meacham agreed upon the division of 
the estate 17:2:1675. Wife appointed 
Exec. Witnesses Joseph Gratton. Sr., 
George Gardner. In court at Salem, 
June^28, 1671. 

Mary Browning was 33 years old 

1672 : was married to Edmund 

Towne, 4th child of William and Jo- 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



149 



anna (Blessing) Towne. He died 
between 1675-8. His widow's will 
dated Feb. 1, 1710, proved Dec. 16, 
1717. Their 6th child, born Aug. 6, 
1664, married Jacob Peabody of Tops- 
field, so Mary Browning must have 
married Edmund Towne about 1652- 
5. 

[Notes Contributed by Mrs. C. R. 
Hume, Anadarko, Okla.] 



BUFFINGTON NOTE. 

Benjamin Buffington 3 born July 

24, 1675. He had wife Hannah 

and a daughter Esther born Aug. 30, 
1712, who died May 14, 1750; she 
married Stephen Chase of Swanzey, 
Nov. 11, 1728. This record I found 
in Friends Records in Vital Records 
of R. I., Vol. 7. I have note of only 
one child : viz., Stephen Chase, Jr., 
born Feb. 3, 1740, died Dec. 18, 1821. 
He married Hannah Blethen of Swan- 
sea, Mass., 1760. Lived George- 
town, Me., but died in Unity, Me. 

[Note Contributed by Medora C. Small, 
Oakland, Me.] 



BUFFUM NOTE. 

Caleb BufTum 13 married Mary 
Gaskell of Salem. Their daughter 
Hannah Buffum — 28, was born June 
12, 1716, married Nov. 18, 1735 ; 
Philip Chase of Swansea, Mass., son 
of Samuel and Sarah (Sherman) 
Chase. She died August 23, 1800 ; 
and is buried in the Friends Yard at 
Somerset, R. I. He died March 16, 
1798, and is buried in the same place 
The above is from the Swansea 
Friends Records. 

[Note Contributed by H. C. Varney, 743 
Iglehart Ave., St. Paul Minn.] 



BUNKER. 

George Bunker of Topsfield was 
sworn a freeman in Salem (Juarterly 
Court, 17:2:1655. He was" allowed 
2 shill. 6 pence for his wife for 
boarding a witness in a criminal case, 
March, 1656. His wife was a wit- 
ness in court that same month. He 
died in Topsfield, May 26, 1658. His 
widow Jane returned an inventory 
of his estate, 4 mo., 1658. It 
amounted to £300:15:00. The estate 
was distributed among the following: 

Widow Bunker. 
Elizabeth, 12 years old. 
William, 10 years old. 
Mary, 6 years old. 
Ann. 4 years old. 
Martha 1 1-2 years old. 

Jane Bunker (probably the widow 
Jane above named) and Richard 
Swaine were married 15:7:1658. 



Phillip Bunker of Andover, private 
in Capt. Andrew Fuller's Co. Col. 
Jonathan Bagley's Regt. Apr. 3 to 
Nov. 20 end 1758. — Mass Archives, v 
96, p. 503. 

Phillip Bunker, private Capt. 
Thomas Farrington's Co., Mar. 3 to 
Dec. 26, 1760. Father or master was 
Isaac Blunt. — Mass. Archives, v. 98. 
p. 352. 

Phil Bunker, Pay roll, date Mar. 
17, 1762. Private in Capt. Henry 
Young Brown's Company, June 10. 
1761 to Jan. 6, 1762. — Mass. Archives, 
v. 99. p. 149. 

Philip Bunker of Boxford. Private 
in Capt. William Barrow's Co.. Nov. 
2, 1762 to July 18, 1763.— Mass, 
Archives, v. 99, p. 277. 

Daniel Bunker of Beverly was in 
Captain John Low's Company, Colo- 



150 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



nel John Mansfield's Regiment. He 
enlisted May 12. 1775 and served 
through the year. He was probably 
the Daniel Bunker of Beverly who 
was a seaman on the privateer brigan- 
tine "Stark;' commanded by Captain 
Ezra Ober, June 1780, age 30 years, 
stature 5 feet, 8 inches, complexion 
dark. He married in Beverly, March 
12, 1777, Abigail Woodbury. He 
died in Beverly March 18, 1814, aged 
"60 years." In his will, dated Aug. 
14, 1810, probated Apr. 19, 1814, he 
mentions his wife Abigail and chil- 
dren: Nathaniel, Benjamin. Mary, 
Betsey and Hannah. His inventory 
included house and land valued at 
$800, and 34 acres of land near house, 
$200. His widow Abigail was ap- 
pointed Executrix. She died Decem- 
ber 21, 1822, aged 67 years. 

Nathaniel Bunker 2 , b. Oct. 14. 
1780; was a master mariner. He 
married June 16. 1808, (Mrs. inten- 
tion) Xabby Thistle. He died June 
5, 1823 (?), aged 41 years. James 
Odell was appointed administrator 
Jan. 1, 1836 (?); Philip Trush was 
appointed administrator April 1, 
1837. His widow Abigail died De- 
cember 6, 1844, aged 72 years. 

i. Mary, m. Feb. 7, 1S37, Philip 
Grush. (?) 
Benjamin Bunker 2 , b. Dec. 17, 
1791, married March 25, 1813, Re- 
becca Ober. 
11 — i. Benjamin, b. Dec. 10, 1814. 
12 — ii. Nathaniel, b. abt. June 1815; 
bur. Feb. 9, 1816, aged 8 mo. 
13— iii. Rebecca, b. April 29, 18S2; d. 
Salem, March 4, 1838, aged 
15 vears, 10 mo. 
14 _ lv . Abigail, b. Dec. 13. 1824, m. 
Sept. 10, 1846, George W. Rus- 
sell of Salem. 
John Bunker of Mt. Desert, mar- 



ried Hannah Hadlock, in Gloucester, 

Aug. 7, 1785. — Gloucester T. R. 



BUNTIN (or BUNTEN.) 

John Buntin of Xewburyport mar- 
ried Rebecca Titcomb, published Au- 
gust 5, 1769. They sold land in 
Xewburyport Sept. 1, 1772 fur -£348: 
07:04. Children: 

i. Catherine, b. Oct. 4, 1774, pub- 
lished to William Bright, both 
of Xewburyport, November 19, 
1797. (A Catherine Buntin 
was married to John Marston, 
both of Xewburyport, Jan. 
21, 179S.) 
ii. Thomas, b. Feb. 23, 1775, mar- 
ried August 19, 1798, Mary 
Titcomb of Xewburyport. 
in. Betsey, b. May 3, 17S0. 
iv. Joseph, b. June 2, 17S2, was a 
mariner. His widow, Tamsen 
G. Buntin, was allowed $150 
from his estate for her own 
use, Sept. 24, 1S22. The es- 
tate was insolvent and the 
land was sold to Thomas 
Buntin (eleven rods in Xew- 
buryport appraised at $450). 
Robert Bunten married Martha Ot- 
terson, Haverhill, Dec. 8, 1738. They 
had a son Andrew, b. Sept. 8, 1738. 



BURAS. 



Mary Bura-. daughter of William, 
b. Dec. — 1729. 



DESCENDANTS OF JOHN BUR- 
BANK. 

Johx Burbank 1 was proprietor 
and town officer in Rowley. He was 
made a freeman May 13. 1640. His 
first wife was Ann and his second Je- 
mima. He had V/z acres in a house 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



151 



lot on Bradford Street in 1643. He 
was an overseer for the town of 
Rowley in 1661, 3, 4 and 1670. His 
will dated April 5, 1681 was proved 
April 11, 1683. He mentioned his 
wife Jemima, son Caleb, son John and 
John's son Timothy, "my grandchild 
who liveth with Capt. Saltinstale" ; 
daughter Lydia and her husband not 
named. His son Caleb was appointed 
executor. The inventory of the es- 
tate amounted to £150:03:00. His 
widow Jemima died March 24, 1692-3. 

Children by wife Ann : 

2 — i. John2. See below 2. 

3— it. Timothy?, b. 3 m. 18 d. 1641; 
bur. July 14, 1660. 

Children by wife Jemima : 

4— iii. Lydia2, b. 2 m. 7 d. 1644; m. 
Foster of Ipswich. 

5— iv. Caleb?, b. 3 m. 19 d. 1646. See 
below 5. 

6— v. Maby2, b. 3 m. 16 d. 1655, bur. 
July 12, 1660. 

5. 

Caleb Burbank 2 , b. 3 m. 19 d., 
1646. He m. May 13, 1669 Martha 
Smith, dau. of Hugh Smith. His 
will dated Feb. 15, 1688, was proved 
March 25, 1690. His widow, Mar- 
tha, m. second, John Hardy and was 
dismissed from the church in Row- 
lev to the church in Bradford, June 
13, 1698 



John Burbank 2 , m. in Newbury, 
15 Oct., 1663, Susannah Merrill of 
Newbury. He was soon of Haver- 
hill and went thence to Suffield about 
1680. His wife died there in 1690. 
He married second and third wives 
but had no more children. 

Children born in Haverhill : 



7 — i. Mary3, bapt. "in our church" 24 

June, 1666. 
8— ii. Timotht3, b. May 30, 1668, 

"livith with Capt. Sal tins tale" 

In 16S1. 
9— iii. Joiin3, b. Aug., 1670; d. 1739; 
m. Dec. 21, 1699, Mary 
Granger. 
10— iv. Ehe.\ezer3, b. 4 Mch., 1673-4, 
Probably others. 

Children : 

11— i. Calebs, b. May 1, 1671. See be- 
low 11. 

12 — ii. Johx3, b. Mar. 20, 1672. 

13— iii. Mary3, b. Nov. 26 1675, m. 
Joseph Hardy, Jr., of Brad- 
ford, "a cooper," Apr. 6, 169S, 

14— iv. Timothy3, b. Jan. 20. 1677-8, d. 
about 1703; est. administered 
by his trustee, Caleb, Nov. 15, 
1703. 

15— v. Martha3, b. Feb. 22, 1679-80; 
m. Mch. 9, 1697-8, in Brad- 
ford, Daniel Gage, s. of Daniel 
and Sarah (Kimball) Gage 
He was b. March 12. 1675-6. 
He was a member of the 
North Regiment Essex Co. He 
d. Mar. 14, 1747-8. 

16— vi. Eleazer3, b. Mar. 14. 16S1. See 
below 16. 

17— vii. Samuel3, b. July 15, 16S4. 
See below 17. 

18 — viii. Ebenezer3, b. June 28, 16S7. See 
below 18. 

19 — ix. 3, infant son, b. ; 

d. Mch. 25, 1697. 

11. 

Caleb Burbank 3 . b. May 1, 1671. 
was a husbandman in Rowley. The 
land, houses, etc., property of the late 
Caleb, senior, was conveyed to him 
Nov. 23 1701. by his mother "now 
Martha Hardy of Bradford." He 
married 1st. 2 Jan., 1693. Lydia Gar- 
field of Watertown. She died 3rd 
March, 1697-8. He m. 2nd, Aug. 31, 
1698, Hannah Acie. dau. of John and 
Hannah (Green) Acie. She was b. 



152 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



March 9, 1680-1. They removed to 

Boxford about 1706. He died "very 

suddenly" Feb. 1, 1749-50, aged 79 
years. His will was dated Dec. 14, 

1744, proved June 25, 1750. His 

widow Hannah d. Rowley, Jan. 8. 

1762, aged 81 years. 
Children : 

20— i. John4, b. Sept 27, 1699. 

21— ii. Hannah*, b. , m. William 

Hardy, Jr., Mch. 8, 1716, in 
Bradford. 

22— iii. Lydia4, b. Oct. 2, 1701, m. in 
Bradford, Oct. 2, 1730, Dr. 
Benjamin Foster. For chil- 
dren see E. I. H. Col. vol. 
XXIX. 

23— iv. Martha4, b. Feb. 16, 1703-4, d. 
June 18, 1756, age 53 years. 

24 — v. Timotiiy4, b. Nov. 27, 1707-8. 
See below 24. 

25 — vi. Maey4, , m. in Bradford, 

Feb. 14, 1731-2, Benjamin Wal- 
lingford. 

26— vii. Elizabeth^, , m. Oct. 12, 

1732, at Bradford, Edward 
Bailey, son of James and 
Hannah (Wood) Bailey. He 
was b. Aug. 4, 1711. 

27 — viii. Ruth4, , m. in Bradford, 

Edmund Hardy, Apr. 12. 1737. 

28 — ix. Margaret4, b. Mch. 15, 1717, m. 
at Haverhill, Mch. 28, 1738, 
Jonathan4 Hopkinson, of New- 
bury. 

29— x. Asa4, b. Oct. 5, 1720. See below 
29. 

30— xi. David4, b. Nov. 25, 1724. 

16. 
Eleazer Burbank 3 , b. March 14, 
1681, was a husbandman and lived in 
Newbury and later in Bradford. His 
wife's name was Lvdia Gage, b. 
Bradford, Jan. 30, 1684-5. dau. of 
Daniel and Sarah (Kimball) Gage. 
His will dated March 30, 1758, was 
probated June 25. 1758. He d. at 
Bradford, Feb. 14, 1759. His wife 
was a witness at a smock marriage, 
Dec. 24, 1733. She d. June 26, 1771, 
in her 87th year. 



Children : 

31— i. Damf.i.4, b. Oct. 14, 1707. See 
below 31. 

32 — ii. Ei.eazkrI, b. Feb. 23, 1708-9. 
See below 32. 

33— iii. CalkiH, b. Oct. 23. 1710. See be- 
low 33. 

34— Iv. Saraii4, b. Feb. 15, 1712-13. m. 
June 28, 1732. Samuel Adams. 
son of Isaac and Hannah 
(Spofford) Adams. He d. D 
18, 1736, age 25. She m. sec- 
ond, Scott. 

35— v. Nathan4, b. Dec. 14, 1714. See 
below 35. 

36— vi. Moses4, b. Feb. 6, 1716-17. Rem. 
to Boscowan, N. H. 

37 — vii. Mabtha4, b. May 8, 1719, m. 
Danforth. 

38 — viii. Jonx4, b. May 3, 1722. See be- 
low 38. 

39 — ix. Nathaniel*, b June 15. 1724, 
probably d. before 1758. 

40 — x. Lydia4, b. Feb. 15, 1725-6, bap. 
Byfield, Feb. 20, ibid. Prob- 
ably d. before 1758. 

41 — xi. Abraiiam4, b. Nov. 19, 1727, 
See below 41. 



17. 

Samuel Burbank 3 , b. July 15, 
1684. He m. in Byfield about' 1708, 
Lydia Bartlett, dau. of Christopher 
and Deborah (Weed) Bartlett. He 
settled in Haverhill. 
42 — i. Ebenezer4, b. Haverhill, Dec. 29, 

1709. 
43 — ii. Mehitable4, Aug. 2S, 1711. m. 
Nov. 13, 1739, Joseph Orde- 
way. 
44— iii. Maby4, b. Sept. 19, 1713. 
45 — iv. Samuel4, b. Nov. 4, 1715. 
46 — v. Timotiiy4, bap. May 26. 1721. 
47— vi. Caleb4, bap. Nov. 12. 1727. 
48— vii. DEBORAn4, bap. Nov. 12. 1727. 
49 — viii. John-*, bap. Nov. 12. 1727. 
50— ix. SABAn4, bap. Nov. 12, 1727. 

18. 

Erexezer Burbank 3 was b. June 
28, 1687. He was a yeoman and 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



i:,3 



housewright of Boxford and later of 

Bradford. He m. in Bradford, Apr. 

VK 1711, (wid.) Sarah Hardy. She 

d. Jan. 14 (25 C. R.) 1754.' He d. 

Nov. or Dec., 1760. 
Children : 

51— i. Mercy*, b. Jan. IS, 1715-16. m. 
in Bradford, Men. 19, 1740-41, 
Jeremiah Bailey of Bradford. 
He was b. Aug. 14. 1709, the 
son of Thomas and Eunice 
(Walker) Bailey. 

52— ii. Joseph*, b. Oct. 1, 1718. See be- 
low 52. 

53— iii. Sarah4, b. Aug. 7, 1722, m. 
Bradford, May 21, 1741, Jona- 
than Moulton, of Chester. 

24. 

Lieut. Timothy Burbank 4 , b. 
Nov. 27, 1707-8; m. Nov. 14, 1729, 
Susanna Hardy. They resided in 
Bradford. She died in Bradford, 
March 7, 1757, in her 48th yr. He m., 
second, Nov. 16, 1758, widow Mary 
Atwood. He d. Oct. 26, 1775. 

Children : 
54— i. Stephen, b. Feb. 26, 1729-30. 

See below 54. 
55— ii. Susannao, b. Aug. 28, 1735, d. 
May 26, 1736. 

56 — iii. Susannas, m. first Jan. 6, 

1758, Benjamin Greenough; 
m. second, Abraham Parker. 
57 — iv. Rebekah5, bap. Oct. 31, 1751. 



29. 



Asa Burbank 4 , b. Oct. 5, 1720; m. 
Aug. 6, 1754, widow Sarah Bnrbank, 
in Bradford. (Intent, in Boxford, 
July 21, 1754). 

Children : 
58 — i. Asa5, bap. Sept. 7, 1755; d. May 

12, 1756, aged 1 year. 
59— ii. Caleb5, bap. May 3, 1758, d. 
May 30, 1762, aged 2 years." 
59— iii. Josephs, bap. Dec. 7, 1760, d. 

May 30, 1762. 
61— iv. Maby5, bap. June 10, 1764. 



31. 
Daniel Burbank 4 , b. Oct. 14, 
1707. He was yeoman of Bradford 
in 1745. He in., first, pub. Jan. 15. 
1730-1, Hannah Adams, dau. of | 
and Hannah (Spofford) Adams of 
Rowley. She w* s b. June 15. 1709, 
and (1. Aug. 20. 1744. He in., second, 
at Bradford in Apr. 1745, Elizabeth 
Jonson. He removed to Boxford 
and later went to live at Worcester. 

Children by Hannah, born in Brad- 
ford: 
62— i. Isaacs, b. Nov. 2S, 1731, d. 

young. 
63— ii. Hannah", b. Nov. 15, 1732-3, d. 

young. 
64— iii. MeiiitahleS, b. Sept. 30, 1734. 
65— iv. Isaacs, b. Aug. 27, 1734. 
66— v. Daniei."\ b. Jan. 22, 1738, d. 

young. 
67— vi. Hannah", b. Jan. IS, 1740. 

Children by Elizabeth : 
68 — vii. Sarah"», bap. Bradford, April 4, 

1742. 
69 — viii. Nathanielo, bap. Mch. 16, 

1745-6. 
70 — ix. Danielo, bap. Boxford, Mch. 
15, 1746-7. 

32. 

Eleazer Burbank 4 , b. Feb. 23. 
1708-9; m. first, in Bradford. Apr. 14, 
1731. Hannah Rolf. She d. Aug. 
13, 1734. He m. second, Mercy 
Bailey in Bradford, Apr. 18, 1735. 

Children by Hannah : 
71— i. Lydia5, bap. Jan. 23, 1731-2. 

72 — ii. Ezrao, . See below 72. 

Children by Mercv : 
73 — iii. AbnerS, b. Bradford, Feb. 19. 

1736. See below 73. 
74 — iv. Eunice©, b. Aug. 31. 1739. 
75 — v. Hannah"', b. May 9, 1745. m. 
Richard Bailey, son of Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Boynton) 
Bailey. 

7(5 — vi. David"', , lived in Deerfield, 

N. H. 
77 — vii. Samcel5, . See below 77. 



154 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



33. 



Caleb Burbank 4 , b. Oct. 23, 1710. 
He was a "taylor". He m. in' New- 
bury, Aug. 17, 1732, Margaret 
Wheeler of Newbury. Removed to 
Bradford. He d. Dec. 21, 1759, ae 
50 yrs. 

Children : 
78 — i. Abigail-5, b. Mch. 19, 1733. 
79 — ii. Geirhamo, b. Aug. 14, 1734. See 

below 79. 
80 — iii. Abijaho, b. Bradford, Mch 26, 

1736. 
81 — iv. Luke-5, bap. Byfield, Oct. 9, 

1737, d. young. 
82— v. Selaso, bap. Byfield, July 29, 
1739, m. Hannah Baird. They 
settled in Falmouth, Me. 
83 — vi. Eleazer5, bap. Byfield, Mch. 

29, 1740-1. 
84 — vii. David5, bap. Byfield, Feb. 13, 

1742-3. See below 84. 
85 — viii. Marthao, b. about 1744; d. Nov. 

1, 1751, aged 7 years. 
86 — ix. Alices, bap. Byfield, Aug. 31, 
1746; d. Aug. 9, 1761, aged 
about 15 years. 
87— x. Naomi 5, bap. Byfield, Nov. 13, 

1748. 
88 — xi. Luke5, bap. May 25, 1755. 



35. 



Nathax Burbank 4 , b. Dec. 14, 
1714, lived in Byfield and d. before 
1758. 

Children : 
89 — i. Josiah5, bap. Byfield, June 16, 

1745. 
90 — ii. MaryS, bap. Byfield, Mch. 15, 
1747; d. Byfield, Jan. 12, 
1748-9, aged 22 months. 
91— iii. Abigails, bap. Byfield, Oct. 30, 
1748. 



38. 



Johx Burba xk 4 , b. May 3, 1722. 
He was a yeoman and settled in Brad- 
ford. He was a member of the sec- 



ond Bradford foot company on the 
Lexington Alarm, Apr. 19, 1775. He 
lived in the house which was occu- 
pied in 1895 by Mr. Nathan Long- 
fellow. He was a prominent man in 
the town. lie m. Dec. 20, 1748, 
Mercy Savory, dan. of Thomas and 
Mercy (Adams) Savory. She .1 
Feb. 22, 1801, ae. 93 yrs., C. K. (92 
G. R.) He d. Sept. 18, 1802. Hi. 
inventory dated Oct. 18, 1802, 
amounted to $1235.59. 
Children : 
92— i. MaryS, b. Aug. 14, 1710; m. at 
Newbury. Oct. 19. 1768, Tim- 
othy Jackman of Byfield. 
93— ii.- Saraiio, b. Bradford, Nov. 11, 

1752, d. young. 
94— iii. Bkttyo, b. Jan. 29 1755; d. 
Sept. 23, 1773, aged 19 years. 
95 — iv. Nathan5, b. Aug. 17, 1757. bee 

below 95. 
96— v. Saraii5, b. Apr. 14, 1760. 
97 — vi. Johns, b, Bradford, Aug. 13. 

1762. 
98 — vii. Jane5, b. Bradford, Mch. 12, 
1765; m. Thomas Carleton, 
Jan. 9, 17S5. 
99 — viii. Judith5, b. Bradford, Julv 2S, 
1767, m. Aug. 26, 17S9, Benja- 
min Savory. She d. Julv 10, 
1830. 
100 — ix. Calebo. b. Dec. 20, 1770, set- 
tled in Windham, X. H. 
101 — x. Bettyo, bap. Sept. 4, 1777; m. 
Sept. 14, 1794, David Rich- 
ardson, in Bradford. 



41. 



Abraham Burbank 4 , b. Byfield. 
Nov. 19, 1727. He was a conlwainer 
and yeoman in Bradford. He later re- 
moved to Maine. He m. in Bradford, 
Apr. 25, 1753, Abigail Savory, dan. 
of Robert and Rebecca (Chase) Sav- 
ory. She was b. Apr. 4. 1731 and 
d.'Oct. 6, 1775. He d. Sept. 9, 1775,, 
ae. 48 yrs. His estate inventoried, 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



155 



Dec. 30, 1775, amounted to £1080: 
17:6. 

Children: 
102 — i. Eliphaleto, b. June 22, 1760, 

See below 10J 
103— ii. Abigail5, b. May 11, 1763. 

52. 

Joseph Burbank 4 , b. Oct. 1, 1718, 
lived in Bradford. He m. in Brad- 
ford, Oct. 17, 1744, Sarah Godfrey, 
widow of James Godfrey. She was 
the dau. of Nathaniel and Dorothy 
(Edmunds) Dowse (Dows), and was 
b. Nov. 30, 1704. He d. May 6, 1753 
in his 36th yr. 

Children born in Bradford: 
104 — i. Ebexzzero, b. Dec. 20, 1745. 
105— ii. Aaro>~5, b. Meh. 20, 1748. 
106 — iii. Stephen, b. May 11, 1751. 

54. 

Stephen Burbank 5 , b. Feb. 26, 

1729-30, lived in Bradford. He m. 

in Bradford, Nov. 28, 1757, Betty 

Hopkinson. She d. in Bradford, 

Sept. 5, 1782. He d. Aug. 28, 1789. 
Children born in Bradford : 

107— i. Benjamins, b. July 22, 1759. 

108— ii. William6, b. Aug. 1, 1761. m. 
Mav 5, 17S9, Hannah Atwood. 

109— iii. Susannah^, b. Dec. 8, 1763, d. 
Oct., "1775-1795." 

110— iv. Betty6, b. Mch. 13, 1766. 

Ill— v. Ha>-nah6, b. Apr. 18, 1768, m. 
Feb. 2, 1790, Samuel Green- 
ough, son of famuel and Su- 
sannah (Bailey) Greenough. 

112— vi. Stephen^, b. Aug. 4, 1770. m. 
Feb. 3, 17SS, Hannah Parker. 

113— vii. Paul6, b. Jan. 6, 1773, d. June 
21, 1801. 

114 — viii. Samuel6, b. Dec. 6, 1774. 

115 — ix. Nathaniel6, b. Dec. 17, 1778. 

116— x. Abigail6, b. June 11, 1782. 

72. 

Ezra Burbank 5 , b. about 1733 ; m. 
Plummer. 



Children : 

H" — i. AnnaC, m. Bun>e or Bur- 
ley. 

118— ii. HtTLDAH*. 

119 — iii. Eunices, m. Cate, of Al- 

linton, N. H. 

120 — iv. Enocii6, m. Jenness, of 

Rye, N. H- 

121 — v. L.YDIA6, d. unmarried. 

(Authority for this family, 
Burbank Genealogy, p. 6.) 

73. 

Abner Burbank 5 , b. Bradford. 
Feb. 19, 1736; m. Elizabeth Hale. He 
was a joiner, lived in Bradford. He 
sold land in the west parish of Row- 
ley, Jan. 26. 1773. 

122— i. Hale6, lived in Alexandria, N.H. 
123 — ii. Jonathan 6, resided in Tufton- 
boro, X. H. He was a gov- 
ernor. 
124 — iii. Betsey6, lived in Canada, m. 

Berry. 

125 — iv. Samuel6, m. Susan Graves, of 
Poplin, now Fremont, N. H. 
He later moved to Maine and 
was town clerk and select- 
man in Newfields in that 
state. He d. there Sept. 3, 
1832, aged 67 years, 7 months. 
(Authority for this family, 
Burbank Gen., p. 7.) 

77. 

Samuel Burbank 5 of Rowley. He 
d. west parish of Rowley or George- 
town, Feb. 4. 1777. He m. Mehitable 
Ruharmah. She was b. at Rowley 
and d. Mar. 10, 1844, ae. 98 yrs., 11 
mos., 20 days. 

79. 

Gershom Burbank 5 . b. Bradford 
Aug. 14, 1734; m. in Newbury, Nov. 
20, 1760, Anna Pearsons who was b. 
Newbury, Sept. 4, 1738. d. N. H., 
May 8, 1818. He lived in Newbury 
and afterward moved to Compton, 
N. H. ' . 



156 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Children : 
126 — i. Jonathans, b. Newbury, Mch. 
20, 1762, m. Elizabeth Thur- 
lough, who was b. Newbury, 
Aug. 11, 1757 and d. Compton, 
N. H., *Dec. 21, 1S55. 

127 — ii. Axna6, b. Newbury, July 27, 
1763, m. Jonathan Pearson, of 
Newbury. 

128— iii. BenjaminG. b. Mch. 19, 1765. 
m. Dorcas Furbush, and set- 
tled in Shipton, Lower Canada 
in 1S00. He d. about 1S50. 

129 — iv. Sarahs, b. Nov. 22, 1766, d. 
Jan. 8, 1S00, m. Oliver Cheney. 

130 — v. William6, b. Compton, Apr. 27, 
1769, removed to Central Ver- 
mont. 

131— vi. Amgail6, b. Feb. 27, 1771, m. 
Eleazer Burbank, her cousin. 

132 — vii. EleazerC. b. Mch. 4. 1773, m. 
first, Lucy Robbins of Ply- 
mouth and second, Lydia Mc- 
Clellan, widow of Moses Mc- 
Clellan and dau. of Enoch 
Colby, Esq. 

133 — viii. Rebecca^, b. Apr. 10, 1775, m. 
John Pattee. She d. July, 
1812. 

134 — ix: Alice6, b. July 27, 1777, m. 
Thomas Cone. 

135 — x. NaomiS, b. Oct. 27, 1779. m. Put- 
nam Percival. She died 1805. 
(Authority for this family, 
Burbank Gen., pages 18 and 21.) 



84. 



David Burbank 5 , bap. Byfield. 
Feb. 13, 1742-3: m. Deborah Gage, 
dau. of William and Deborah (Swan) 
Gage of Methuen. She was b. May 
19, 1739. She m. after his death 
Ichabod Perkins, Aug. 4, 1785. 

Children born in Methuen : 
136— i. William6, b. June 14. 1759. 
137— ii. Jesse S.6, b. Mch. 20, 1761. 
138— iii. Deborahs, b. Mch. 29, 1763, d. 

Methuen, Nov. 20, 1764, in 

her second year. 
139 — iv. Deboraii6, b. Mch. 16. 1765, m. 

Methuen, Oct. 28, 1784, Joshua 

Swan. 



140 — v. C.vi.rufi. b. Mch. 2 1. 17^7. 
141— vi. Benjamin WoLLIXCFOBD* b 

Apr. 23, IT-;:* 
142— vii. Hannah-;, b. June 1 1771 
143— viii. David6, b. June L'l 177:: 
144— ix. Fkancis«, b. Aug. 27, 1775. 

95. 

Nathan Burbank 5 , b. Aug. 17, 

1757, lived in Bradford. IK- was a 
private in Capt. John Savory's sec- 
ond company of Bradford Minute 

Men, Col. Samuel Johnson', regiment 
which marched in" resp >nse to the 

Lexington Alarm. Apr. V), 1775. He 
also served in Capt. Savory's detach- 
ment in the second foot company of 
Bradford which marched, Nov.' 30, 
1775 for the defense of Cape Ann. 
service five days. Also Nathaniel 
Gage's company. Major Game's regi- 
ment, enlisted Sept. 30, 1777, dis- 
charged Xov. 6, 1777, service with 
the northern army. He m. in Brad- 
ford, Feb., 1781, ' Elizabeth Palmer, 
dan. of Samuel and Marv (Savory) 
Palmer. He died Tulv 17, 1819, ae. 
62 vears. She d. Xov. 12. 1836, ac 
73 years. (C. R. ) S3 (G. R. ) 
Children born in Bradford: 
145— i. John6, b. Feb. 6, 17S6, d Feb 

15, 1786. 
146— ii. Jennie6, b. July 12. 17S8. 
147 — iii. Bettys b. June 27. 1791. 
148— iv. Thomas6, b. Feb. 26, 1795. 

102. 

Eliphalet Burhank 5 . b. June 22. 
1760; m. in Bradford. Jan. 1781, Su- 
sannah Barker. 

Children : 
149— i. Saraii5, b. Jan. 2. 17S0. 
150 — ii. JedidiaiiS, b. July 8, 1784. 
151 — iii. AbigaiiA b. Sept. S. 1786. 
152 — iv. Susannaii6, b. Dec. 12. 1788. 
153— v. Eliphai.ltS. b. Jan. 16. 1791. 
154— vi. Joiin-6, b. Jan. 25, 1793. » 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



157 



155 — vii. Abraham^, b. Sept. S, 1795. 
156— viii. Barker6, b. Sept. S, 1795. 



BURBANK NOTES. 

Elizabeth Burbank of Bradford 
and Enos Carleton m. in Bradford, 
Aug. (15, C. R. 2,) 1785— Bradford 
Records. 

Abigail Burbank of Bradford, m. 
Asa Wood of Brentwood, N. H., Jan. 
— , 1781.— Bradford Records. 

Betsey Burbank of Bradford m. 
David Richardson, Sept. 14, 1794.— 
Bradford Records. 

Hannah Burbank m. Chase Savory. 
son of Robert and Rebecca (Chase) 
Savory, as his second wife, June 11. 
1779. — Bradford Records. 

Jennie Burbank m. Thomas Carle- 
ton, Jan. 9, 1785. — Bradford Records. 

Mary Burbank m. Benjamin Holms 
at Bradford, Oct. 7, 1734. — Bradford 
Records. 

Mary Burbank m. John Fairfield It 
Bradford, Oct. 17, 1751.— Bradford 
Records. 

Rebecca Burbank m. Ebenezer Pal- 
mer at Haverhill, Aug. 19, 1760. — 
Bradford Records. 

Sally Burbank m. Paul Jackman 
of Rowley, Nov. 24, 1801.— Bradford 
Records. 

Samuel Burbank of Nottingham 
West m. Sarah Hardy, Oct. 15, 1766. 
— Bradford Records. 

Sarah Burbank m. Samuel Adames 
of Rowley, June 28, 1732.— Bradford 
Records. 

Ebenezer Burbank m. Dorcas Har- 
dee in Bradford, May 6, 1753.— 
Bradford Records. 

Samuel Burbank m. Eunice Hardy 
April 1, 1740, at Bradford. Their son 



Jacob was b. in Bradford, Oct. 19, 
1741. — Bradford Records. 

Sarah Burbank, dan. of Hannah. 
bap. Byfield, Jan. 12, 1777.— By tie Id 
Records. 

Martha Burbank was bap. Oct. 14, 
1744, at Byfield. She was the dan. of 
Caleb and Abigail (Smith) Burbank. 
Abigail was the dau. of Joseph Smith. 
— Byfield Records. 

Elizabeth Burbank d. Ipswich, 
Nov. 11, 1777, age 59 years. — Ips- 
wich Records. 

David Burbank, chairmaker in 
Newbury, m. in Rowley, Aug. 26. 
1784. Ruth Tenney, dau. of Oliver 
and Betsev (Jewett) Tennev. She 
was b. in Byfield (Rowlev) Mch. 9 : 
1763, and d. in Salem. July 6, 1848, 
a*e. 85 years. For children see 'Ten- 
ney Family" p. 94. 95. 

Mehitable Burbank and John 
Brown of Reading, m. in Topsfield. 
July 30, 1794.— Topsfield Vital Rec- 
ords. 

William Burbank was a seaman in 
the "Junius Brutus' in 1781.— E. I. 
H. Col Vol. 1, p. 112. 

Nathaniel Burbank of Marblehead. 
descriptive list, Aug 1780, age 17 
years, "stature 5 ft. 10 in., complexion 
ruddy, residence, Marblehead. marched 
to camp Aug. 23, under command 
Lieut. Obadiah Wetherell." — Mass. 
S. and S. Revolution, Vol. 2. p. 814. 

Jesse Burbank of Boxford was a 
private in Capt. S. King's Company , 
Col. Josiah Whitney's regiment, June 
10 to Dec. 1, 1776. at Hull.— Mas*. S. 
and S. Revolution, Vol. 2, p. 813. 

Ebenezer Burbank of Salem en- 
listed in Col. Brewer's regiment. List 
dated May 18. 1778.— Mass. S. and S. 
Resolution. Vol. 2, p. 812. 



158 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Dorcas Burbank of Thornton, 
Grafton Co., N. H., wife of Benjamin 
Burbank of that place, yeoman, sold 
her share of the estate of her father, 
Solomon Furbush, late of Andover. 
gentleman, Jan. 4, 1797. — E. Co. Reg- 
istry of Deeds., Vol. 163, p. 120. 

John Burbank of Newbury was a 
private in Capt. Jacob Gerrish's com- 
pany, Col. Moses Little's regiment. 
He enlisted Apr. 24, 1775, and served 



through the year, aged 20 years in 
Oct., 1775. His name is given in a 
list of men to reinforce continental 
army, June 5, 17S0, age 25 years, 
stature 5 ft. 11 in., complexion dark 
residence Newbury. In that year he 
was a private in Capt. William Scott's 
"light infantry Co.," Col. Henry 
Jackson's regiment. — Mass. S. mid 
S. in Revolutionary War, Vol. 2, p. 
814. 



0ur]I^ttanaT B^a^tsT 



R ev; Thomas £ea£klin Waters. 



WHAT can be done for the small 
town and the village among the 
hills? The population of many is 
already greatly diminished by the steady 
flow of the young men and women to 
the cities, and in not a few instances 
the population is maintained only by the 
incoming of a multitude of the foreign 
born of strange speech and alien traditions 
which can never be perfectly assimilated. 
Wherever a mill seeks operatives, the tide 
of thrifty immigrants sets strongly. 

Other quiet towns, once prosperous* 
have been left stranded by the shifting 
currents of trade. A generation ago, 
whole cargoes of shooks, hoops, and box- 
boards, were shipped from Portland to the 
West Indies for the sugar trade. But the 
fashion of packing sugar and molasses for 
shipment changed; sugar boxes and mo- 
lasses hogsheads were no longer needed; 
and a whole range of towns a day's journey 
from the city was doomed to decline. For 
from these towns went regularly long 
caravans of heavy loaded teams, which 
carried the shooks and boxes made by the 
farmers in their leisure to the ships, and 
freighted back goods and groceries. No 
new industry has been introduced. The 
old families are becoming extinct, farms 
are vacant, and in some towns, like Porter, 
beautiful for situation, scarcely a dwelling 
remains in many long stretches of aban- 
doned highway. Our Massachusetts towns 
which are off the lines of railway or trolley 
are left in dismal straits. Once prosperous 
churches are now struggling for life, schools 
have dwindled, the very atmosphere is 
depressing. 

Fortunately for the dwellers in these 



decadent communities, the rural delivery 
of the daily mail and the introduction of 

the telephone have brought them into close 
touch with the world. The habit of sum- 
mering among the hills and restoring the 
old homestead to its place of honor by 
those who have attained wealth, and love 
to get back again to the old home, is 
bringing a new spirit. The sentimental 
preference for an old mansion with its solid 
architecture and venerable dignity, to a 
new dwelling, by people of quiet tastes, is 
saving many a noble old home from decay. 
But the problem remains unsolved in 
many an old town, unsought by the sum- 
mer stranger, forgotten by its absent sons 
and daughters, declining steadily every 
year. What can be done ? 

OXE thing can and should be done. 
Though the suggestion may seem 
whimsical and unpractical, it is 
certainly worth considering. The history 
of every such community should be 
studied. No conspicuous events may have 
ever happened. No famous soldier or 
orator or merchant may have been born 
there; but in the long generations of quiet 
lives that have run their course amid these 
humble surroundings, there must be much 
worth the discovering. Some preacher of 
the Gospel toiled here a score or two score 
years and died among his people. Some 
school-master taught the children and the 
children's children. Some good women 
lived their sweet and useful lives here. 
Many fragrant memories still cling to an 
old home. The Lexington alarm may have 
summoned the son to arms, and to valiant 
service in the long agony of the Revolution. 



160 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



A daughter may have gone to foreign lands 
as a missionary. Great sorrows and great 
joys found place here. An intense human 
interest attaches to every place, where men 
and women have lived and toiled. Seek 
for it and it will be found. 

AN enthusiastic antiquarian in one 
of our old towns has gone from door 
to door inquiring for old documents, 
old books and papers, and such heirlooms 
as might be given him. He fairly gloats 
over his prizes, diaries, military commis- 
sions, public documents, and a thousand 
other things, valueless to their owners but 
precious to him. From the attic of an 
old Parsonage, there came to the local 
Historical Society, the diary of the good 
man who built the house a century ago 
at the beginning of his ministry, and gave 
his whole life to his pastorate. 

For many years he never missed a day 
in his diary. The record is monotonous and 
commonplace, only the story of his doings 
about the house and in his study, his in- 
numerable parish calls, his endless services 
of worship, often extending through every 
day in the week, and his frequent exchanges. 
But there is a revelation here of a devout 
soul, filled with holy enthusiasm, toiling 
with unwearied industry, which lifts the 
village minister to a place among the 
saints, and weaves an aureole of glory about 
the home, the church, and the town. 
After many years, his people set him aside 
for a younger man, and the almost unbear- 
able anguish, which he may have been too 
proud to acknowledge, is at last revealed. 
The pathos, the dignity of his remaining 
years as seen through these pages touch 
every heart. 



Old people invariably have a store- of 
recollections, which should be gathered 
and recorded before it is too late. Quaint 
customs, amusing events, eccentric indi- 
viduals, come to light when they are in- 
vited to tell of the days of their youth. 

The records of the families that lived 
long ago in homesteads that have fallen 
into ruin may be searched out, and it may 
be counted a pious task to save their 
names at least from oblivion. 



GATHER these threads of memory, 
weave a simple story of the town. 
Publish it, in the columns of a news- 
paper, if a pamphlet or book seems im- 
possible. Let it go abroad to catch the 
eye of many a one, who will read it with 
delight. The skill of Hawthorne or Mrs- 
Harriet Beecher Stowe or Ian MacLaren is 
not needed. An unpretentious tale of the 
people of the past and the life of other 
days makes its own appeal. U may be 
that an interest may thus be roused, which 
will bring some welcome visitors. The 
sentiment which prompts a work like this 
may inspire some sentimental journey to 
a neglected shrine. 

But whether material advantage accrues 
or not, the duty and the privilege remain, of 
showing this regard for the Past. Every 
community owes it to itself to hallow the 
memories, that constitute its richest in- 
heritance. 

Full knowledge of its own history, and 
right regard for everything in it which is 
good and worthy will quicken righteous 
pride in her good name, and rouse a love 
and loyalty, which will strive strenuously 
for her highest prosperity. 



THE 



MASSACHVSETTS 

: MAGAZINE . 




Published bythe Salem Press Co. Salem, Mass.USA 



3TIJC jHassarf|itscHs JHaijamte. 

A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor. i PS wich, mass. 

ASSOCIATE A\D ADVISORY EDITORS 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson George Sheldon-. Dr. Frank A Gardner 

CAMBRIDGE. HASS. DEEBF! ELD. MASS. ■ALBX, MAM. 

Lucie M. Gardner, Charles A. Flagg John X. McClintock Albert W. Dennis 

SALEM, MASS. WASHINGTON. D. C. DORCHESTER, MASS. SVI.EM, MAM. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies, 75c. 



VOL. Ill JULY, 1910 NO. 3 



John Endicott and the Men Who Came to Salem in the 

Abigail in 162S Frank A.Gardner, M.D. . 163 

Massachusetts in Literature Charles A. Flagg . 178 

Department of the American Revolution F. A.Gardner, M. D. . 1S1 

Colonel James Frye's Regiment . . . F. A. Gardner, M.D. . 1S7 

The Province House, Boston 

R.A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. . 199 

Criticism and Comment 204 

Pilgrims and Planters . Lucie M. Gardner . 20S 

Family Genealogies Lucie M. Gardner . 211 

Our Editorial' Pages Thomas F. Waters . 222 

CORRESPONDENCE of a business nature should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, Mass. 

CORRESPONDENCE in regard to contributions to the Magazine may be sent to the editor, Rev. T. F. 
Waters, Ipswich, Ma=s., or to the office of publication, in Salem. 

BOOKS for review mar be e nt to the office of publication in Salem. Books should not be sent to Individual 
editors of the magazine, "unless )y previous correspondence the editor consents to review the book. 

SUBSCRIPTION should be sent to The MASSACHUSETTS Magazine, Salem. Mass. Subscriptions are *2. 50 
payable in advance, post-paiJ to any address in the United States or Canada. To foreign countries in the Pos- 
tal Union 82.75. Single copies of back numbers 75 cents each. 

REMITTANCES may be made in currency or two cent postage stamps; many subscriptions are sent through 
the mail in this way, and they are seldom lost, but such remittances mu;t be at the risk of the 6ender. To avoid 
all danger of loss send by post-office money order, bank check, or express money order. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS. When a subscriber makes a change of address he should notify the publish- 
ers giving both his old and new addresses. The publishers cannot be responsible for lost copies, if they are 
not notified of such changes. 

ON SALE. Copies of this magazine are on sale in Boston, at W. B. Clark's A Co., 26 Tremont Street, Old 
Corner Book Store, 29 Bromfield Street; Smith & McCance, 3a Bromfield Street: in Xe-tr York, hx. John 
Wanamaker's, Broadway 4th, 9th and 10th Streets; in Washington, at Brentanos, F & 13th St.; in Chicago, 
at A. C. McClurg's ± Co., 221 Wabash Ave. 

Entered as second-class matter March IS, 1CH">8, at the post office at Salem, Mass., under the act of Congresi 
Of March 3, 1879. Office of publication, 4 Central Street, Salem, Mas». 



*im 



- 









. 



Massachus . 






nent by : 

ged and will . 



cent b 

■ 






. 






Hous 

t we caa uae. 



I 






■ 






tions for this department 



i 



. ■ 



'•' " ''- ]i . We wish to call special attention to th< 

- 




*JOHN ENDICOTT 

AND THE MEN WHO CAME TO SALEM IN THE 

ABIGAIL IN 1628 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 



The second migration to Salem, and the first direct to that port from 
England, came in the "Abigail" in 162S, under the direction of John Endicott. 

While the members of the little colony of planters under Roger Conant 
were struggling to establish themselves at Salem, whither they had moved 
from Cape Ann in 1626, important events were transpiring in England. The 
Council, which had been established at Plymouth, England, and incorporated 
November 3, 1620, "for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing of Xew 
England," sold in March, 1627, the following territory: "That part of Xew 
England three miles north of the Merrimack and three miles south of the 
Charles River in the bottom of Massachusetts Bay," the purchasers were 
"some knights and gentlemen about Dorchester, viz., Sir Henry Roswell, Sir 
John Young, Knights, Thomas Southcoat, John Humphrey, John Endicott 
and Simon Whitcome, Gent." 

Reverend John White, the patriarch of Dorchester, England, tells us in 
his own quaint diction, the way in which the interest of these gentlemen was 
enlisted in this enterprise. I quote from his "Brief Relation," printed in 
1630. 

. "Some then of the adventurers that still continued their desire to set 
forward the plantation of a Colony there, conceiving that if more cattle were 

♦This paper in slightly amended form was read at a meeting of the Old Planters 
.Society held in Salem, March 23, 1909. 



164 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

sent over to those few men left behind, they might not only be a means of the 
comfortable subsisting of such as were already in the country, but of inviting 
some other of their friends and acquaintance to come over to them, adventured 
to send over twelve kine and bulls more; and conferring casually with some 
gentlemen in London, moved them to add unto them as many more. Bv 
which occasion, the business came to agitation afresh in London, and being 
at first approved by some and disliked by others, by argument and disputa- 
tion it grew to be more vulgar; insomuch that some men showing some good 
affection to the work, and offering the help of their purses if fit men might 
be procured to go over, inquiry was made whether any would be willing to 
engage their persons in the voyage. By this inquiry it fell out that among 
others they lighted at last on Master Endicott a man well known to divers 
persons of good note, who manifested much willingness to accept this offer as 
soon as it was tendered; which gave great encouragement to such as were upon 
the point of resolution to set on this work of erecting a new Colony upon the 
old foundation. Hereupon divers persons having subscribed for the raising 
of a reasonable sum of money, a patent was granted with large encourage- 
ments every way by his most excellent Majesty." 

This company under the direction of John Endicott, sailed from Wey- 
mouth, England, June 20, 1628 in the ship "Abigail." commanded by Captain 
Henry Gauden or Godden, and arrived at Xaumkeag on the 6th of September. 
We have abundant contemporary evidence of the date of the arrival. Rev. 
John White in the "Planter's Plea" above quoted, stated that Endicott ar- 
rived "in September, 1628, and uniting his own men with those which were 
formerly planted in the country into one body, they made up in all not much 
above fifty or sixty persons." Governor Dudley, in a letter written to the 
Countess of Lincoln March 12, 1630, in referring to the year 1628 wrote: 
"And the fame year we fent Mr. John Endicott and some with him, to begin 
a plantation; and to ftrengthen fuch as he fhould find there, which we fent 
thither from Dorchester, and fome places adjoyning;from whom the fame 
year receiving hopeful new r s." Governor Bradford in his "letter book" after 
referring to some people who were sent to Plymouth from Leyden in 1629 
wrote: "as the Lord fent thefe unto us, both to their and our comfort, to at 
the fame time he fent many other godly perfons into the land, as the beginning 
of a plentiful harveft, as will appear more fully hereafter; So as the delay of 
our friends was now recompenfed with a large increafe, to the honour of God 
and joy of all good men; thefe began to pitch at Xahumkeak, fince called 
Salem, to which place was come in the latter end of fummer before, a worthy 
gentlemen, Mr. John Endicott by name, and fomejDthers with him, to make 



JOHN ENDICOTT 165 

fome preparation for the reft." Governor Bradford again mentions the his- 
torical position of this settlement in his "Verse on New England," reprinted 
in the publications of the Massachusetts Historical Society; 

"Almost ten years we lived here alone 
In other places there were few or none; 
For Salem was the next of any fame, 
That began to augment Xew England's name." 

Another very interesting bit of evidence regarding the coming of the 
Endicott party is the following extract from the records of the "Governor and 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay in Xew England: 

"This day dd a warrant to Mr. George Harwood, Threr, to pay Mr. Barnard 

Mitchell one hundred pounds, in pte of the ffreight of the , Henry 

Gawden Mr., from Waimouth to Xaumkeke, the goods shipt of lading 

dated 20 June last, beeing p bill of lading 46 1-2 tuns of , besyds ye 

chardge of Capten John Endicott, his wiffe and psons his company, 

theire passage & dyett." 

Unfortunately the space reserved for the number of persons in the above 
document was not filled out and so we are in doubt in regard to the exact 
numerical strength of the company, which was evidently a small one. Deputy 
Governor Dudley stated that there came "Mr. John Endecott and some with 

him." The Reverend John White wrote; "Master Endicott assisted 

withfa few men." He later stated that "uniting his own men with those which 
were formerly planted in the country into one body, they made up in all not 
much above fifty or sixty persons." Hubbard probably received his knowl- 
edge of this early period from Roger Conant and his allusion to the Endicott 
company is therefore especially interesting. He wrote in his "Xarrative": 
"With Mr. Endicot in the year 162S, came Mr Gotte, Mr. Brackenbury, Mr. 
Davenport and others, who being added to Capt. Trask and John Woodberry 
(that was before this time returned with a comfortable answer to them that 
sent him over) went on comfortably together to make preparation for the 
new Colony." 

We learn from Hubbard in the last quotation that Messrs. Gott, Bracken- 
bury and Davenport came with Endicott and "some others." The Spragues 
(Ralph, Richard and William ) have been placed by Felt and others as mem- 
bers of this company and the omission of their names in the above list of 
Hubbard's caused Alexander Young in his "Chronicles" to assert that the 
claim was therefore invalidated. In the opinion of the writer this 
does not necessarily follow. The Spragues may have been included in "the 



■.<;&?. 



166 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

others" referred to but not named. We know from a statement in the Charles- 
town records that the three Sprague brothers "arrived at Salem at their own 
charge." They might easily have paid their passage on the "Abigail," been 
included in the "others" referred to and had their names omitted as they were 
neither the employees of the company or passengers at the company's expense. 

John Woodbury, as we have stated in the "Founders of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony," was one of the Cape Ann Planters who was sent back to 
England to procure supplies, returning to Xaumkeag in 1628 before Endicott 
arrived. The manner in which Hubbard has coupled Captain Trask's name 
with Woodbury's leads us to think that in all probability Captain Trask came 
over with Woodbury when he returned hither. We believe that Trask came 
before Endicott and his biographical sketch has been given in the address upon 
the "Founders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony." 

The old planters who had come to Xaumkeag two years before and had 
enjoyed their freedom under the mild domination of their peace-loving leader, 
Roger Conant, naturally chafed under the sterner rule of John Endicott. 
The chief bone of contention was the question of raising tobacco, Captain 
Endicott having been instructed not to allow anyone to cultivate it, while the 
old planters had raised it for two years. This controversy resulted in the giving 
of special concessions to the earlier settlers, as Endicott received instructions 
from England to allow the Old Planters to cultivate it and this privilege was 
renewed later. Hubbard tells us that the disagreement was "by the prudent 

moderation of Mr. Conant quietly composed," and Rev. John White wrote 

that when the name was changed from Xaumkeag to Salem, it was done "upon 
a fair ground, in remembrance of a peace settled upon a conference at a gen- 
eral meeting between them and their neighbors, after expectance of some 
dangerous jar." 

The care exercised by the authorities of the company in England to guard 
the interests of the Old Planters was marked and was a substantial recognition 
of the value of these men. In the first letter of general instruction to Endicott 
he* was informed that they were ''content they shall be partakers of such privi- 
leges as we, from his Majesty's especial grace, with great cost, favor of person- 
ages of note, and much labor, have obtained; and that they shall be incorpor- 
ated into this Society, and enjoy not only these lands which formerly they 
have manured, but such further proportion as by the advice and judgement" of 
Endicott and the rest of the Council, should be thought fit. They told him 
further that it was their purpose that the Planters "should have some benefit 

by the common stock if it be held too much to take thirty per cent. 

and the freight of the goods for and in consideration of our adventure and dis- 



JOHN ENDICOTT 167 

bursement of our moneys, to be paid in beaver at six shillings per pound, that 
you moderate the said rate, as you with the rest of the Council shall think to 
be agreeable to equity and good conscience." They wrote that they would 
"unwillingly do any act in debarring such as were inhabitants before us of 
that trade, as in conscience they ought to enjoy." They also provided for the 
participation of the Old Planters in the government by voting that "such of 
the said former planters as are willing to live within the limits of our Planta- 
tion, shall be enabled and are hereby authorized, to make choice of two, such 
as they shall think fit, to supply and make up the number of twelve of the said 
Council." 

The necessity of peaceful co-operation for the common good evidently 
had much to do with the rapid disappearance of animosities. The fear of the 
Indians was evidently one factor, as the following quotation from a letter 
written by Rev. Thomas Cobbett to Increase Mather will show: 

"About ye yeare 1628 when those few yt came out with Colonel Indecot 
and began to settle at Nahumkeick, now called Salem, and in a manner all so 
seek of ye journey, that though they had both small and great guns, and powder 
and bullets for ym, yet had not strength to manage ym if suddenly put upon it, 
and tidings being certainly brought ym on a Lord's day morning yt a thous- 
and Indians from Sugust were coming against ym to cut ym off, they had much 
adoe amongst ym all to charge two or three of ye great guns and trail ym to a 
place of advantage where ye Indians must pass to ym and there to shoot ym off, 
when they heard their noise they made in ye woods, yt ye Indians drew near, 
ye noise of which great artillery to which ye Indians were never wonted be- 
fore, did occasionally (by ye good hand of God ) strike such dread into ym yt 
by some lads, which lay as scouts in ye woods, they were heard to reiterate 
that outcrie (O Obbomock ) and then fled confused back with all speed when 
none pursued." 

Sickness from scurvy and other disorders weakened the strength of the 
company and made it still more necessary that they should live on as good 
terms w r ith each other as possible. Endicott performed excellent service for 
the little band when upon learning that they had at Plymouth in the person 
of Doctor Samuel Fuller, a very skilful man, sent to the governor there and 
asked that he be sent to Salem. The request was granted to the great relief 
of the settlers and later Endicott in a letter to Bradford wrote, "I acknowl- 
edge myself much bound to you for your kind love and care in sending Mr 
Fuller amongst us." 

Morton and his people at Merry Mount added still further to Endicott's 
troubles and he administered summary justice as we have seen in a previous 



168 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

publication of this society, "The Settlers About Boston Bay." Endicott had 
a double right to interfere with these men in their illicit traffic with the Indians 
and their questionable festivities about the May-pole. Not only was the 
ground on which Morton's men lived within the territory covered by his patent 
but he was instructed in the first letter that if, "necessity require a more severe 
course, when fair means will not prevail" to deal with such people as his dis- 
cretion should think "fittest for the general good and safety of the Plantation." 

In order that the power of the company might be strengthened in the 
territory about Boston Bay, Endicott was instructed to send forty or fifty 
persons to inhabit about there as soon as they should arrive on the ships which 
were being fitted out. All men who desired to "settle themselves there, or to 
send servants thither" were to be given out "all accommodation and encour- 
agement." Endicott was instructed however in the case of Englishmen whom 
he found planted there, and who were willing to live under the government, 
"to endeavour to give them all fitting and due accommodation as to any of 
ourselves; yea, if you see cause for it, though it be with more than ordinary 
privileges in point of trade." Thus we see again the great care which they 
exercised in their endeavors to avoid conflicts. This was also shown in the 
instructions concerning their dealing with the Indians. The same letter con- 
tained the following: "If any of the salvages pretend right of inheritance to 
all or any part of the lands granted in our patent, we pray you endeavour to 
purchase their title, that we may avoid the least scruple of intrusion." Young 
states that these instructions were literally observed and quotes a letter from 
the provirfcial authorities to the home government in 1767, as follows; "We 
are satisfied there are no complaints against this Province by his Majesty's 
agents for Indian affairs; and that no settlements have been made or attempted 
by us without proper authority. It is with much pleasure we remind your 
Excellency and inform the world, that greater care was taken of the Indians 
by our pious ancestors during the eld charter, and by this government under 
the new, even to this day, than was ever required of us by the British gov- 
ernment." 

Endicott was ordered "if it might be conveniently done, to compound 
and conclude with them all, (the Indians) or as many as you can, at one time, 
not doubting by your discreet ordering of this business, the natives will be 
willing to treat and compound with you on very easy conditions." 

The powers vested in Endicott by the company were paternal as well as 
governmental and thus his duties were greatly augmented. Every man was 
required to have some definite occupation and it was the business of the local 
authorities to see that he employed himself diligently in it. No drones were 



JOHN ENDICOTT 169 

to be permitted to live in the precincts. Paternalism did not stop even here 
and it is a matter of sincere regret to all students of this early period that the 
following instruction was not carried out to the letter; "The course we have 
prescribed for keeping a daily register in each family, of what is done by all 
and every person in the family, will be a great help and remembrance to you, 
and to future posterity for the upholding and continuance of this good act, if 
once well begun and settled; which we heartily wish and desire, as aforesaid." 
In the matter of indulgence in alcoholics this same fatherly oversight was to 
be exercised and Endicott was directed that if any should "exceed in that 
inordinate kind of drinking as to become drunk" he should "take care his 
punishment be made exemplary for all others." 

Great care was taken that these rules should be generally known and 
Endicott was told to "Let the laws be first published to forbid these disorders, 
and all others you fear may grow up; whereby they may not pretend ignor- 
ance of the one nor privilege to offend; and then fear not to put good laws, 
made upon good ground and warrant in due execution." 

At a meeting of the company in England held April 30, 1629, John Endi- 
cott was chosen Governor, with Messrs Higginson, Skelton, Bright, John and 
Samuel Brown, Thomas Graves and Samuel Sharp as members of the Council. 
The Governor and Council were to choose three more and the Planters two in 
addition. The official name of this governing body of thirteen men was the 
"Governor and Council of London's Plantation in the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England." His election as Governor was announced to him in a letter 
from the company dated May 28, 1629, which read as follows: 

"Wee have sithence our last and according as we then advised, at a full 
and ample Court assembled, elected and established you, Captain Endecott, 
to the place of the present Governour of our Plantation there, and as also some 
others to be of the Council with you, as more particularly you will percieve by 
an Act of Court herewith sent, confirmed by us at a General Court, and 
sealed with our common seal." 

The oath administered to Governor Endicott was as follows: 

"You shall be faithful and loyal unto your Sovereign Lord, the King's 
Majesty, and to his heirs and successors. You shall support and maintain, to 
your power, the government and company of the Mattachusetts Bay, in Xew 
England, in America, and the privileges of the same, having no singular regard 
to yourself in derogation or hindrance of the common wealth of this Company; 
and to every person under your authority you shall administer indifferent and 
equal justice. Statutes and ordinancys shall you none make without the 
advice and consent of the Council for the government of the Mattachusetts 



170 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Bay in New-England. You shall admit none into the freedom of this C • 
but such as may claim the same by virtue of the privileges thereof. V 
not bind yourself to enter into any business or | i fot or in the nam 

this Company, without the consent and agreement of the Council a: 
but shall endeavour faithfully and carefully to < arry yourself in thi 
office of Governor, a you shall continue in it. And 1: 

do your best endeavour to draw the natives of this counti 
land, to the knowledge oi the True God and tc e the planters ar. 

coming hither, in the same knowledge and fear of God. A:. nail en- 

deavour, by all good means, to advance the good of the Plantation 
Company, and you shall endeavour the raising of fuch commodil 
benefit and encouragement of the ad enturers and : . ., through G 

blessing on your endeavours, may be produced for the goc 
kingdom of England, this Company and their Plantations. All tin 
you shall hold and keep to the uttermost of your power and skill, so lor. 
you shall continue :r. the place of Governor of this fellowship. So help 
The oath administered to the members of the Council was similar but 

The strength of the company at Salem was greatly I in this 

1629, by the addition of the large migration under the Ministers H. 
Skelton. The most important of the remaining events of the year 1629 
the dispatching of several members of the company to the present ( 
town in accordance as we have shown, (p. ICG; with the de are | any 

in England. Three leading men of this party were the Sprague bt 
The biographical sketches of all these men have v v. given in the 
About Boston Bay Prior to 1630/' 

It has been our custom to follow the historical sketches of the- 
ent periods and migrations with biographical notes upon the | and 

we v.dll now review the life stories oi John Endicott and his men. This Endi- 
cott group while of great importance to the infant colony was the smalle I I 
all and we know the names of only a few who came in the "Abigail" in lo_ y v 
The leader, Captain John Endicott, of course, stands pre-eminent amon 
-and may with justice be called one of the strongest characcr connet ted i 
early New England. Other members of the com] 
bury, Richard Davenport O Gott, and as i 

ably the Sprague brothers. It has been claimed. ; truly, that The 

Scruggs also came in this ship. 

RICHARD BRACKEXBURY as born about 1000. In a dq 
dated January 20, 1681, he testified that be came over 



JOHN ENDICOTT 171 

and found here "old Goodman Norman, and son, William Allen, Walter Knight 
and others; that these persons stated, that they came to Cape Ann for the 
Dorchester Company; that they and R. Conant, J. Woodbury, P. Palfrey. J. 
Balch and others had houses erected at Salem; that he was informed that the 
Dorchester Company had sold their right to the Massachusetts Company be- 
fore Mr. Endicott came over; that Mr. Endicott, when he arrived hither, took 
possession of Cape Ann, and in the course of the year, had the house built there, 
pulled down for his own use and also took possession of Cape Ann side, and 
soon after laid out lots for tillage there." This testimony has been of great 
interest to students of history and was used in the trial concerning the Mason 
claims in 16S1. He was one of the original members of the First Church in 
Salem and was made a freeman 14 May, 1634. He received a grant of seventy- 
five acres in 1636. Stone, in his "History of Beverly," states that "his first 
public business was in a joint commission from Salem with William Woodburv, 
Ensign Dixey, Mr. Conant and Lieut. Lothrop, to lay out a way between the 
ferry at Salem and the head of Jeffries Creek," to be "such a way as a man 
may travel on horse back or drive cattle," with the alternative that "if such a 
way may not be formed, then to take speedy course to set up a bridge at 
Mackerel Cove." He was one of the signers in 1659 to the petition to the 
General Court to have a church established at Beverly. He died in Beverly 
in 1685, aged 85 years. A charming little rustic lane leading from Hale Street 
in Beverly to the beach, bears his name. 

RICHARD DAVENPORT was born about 1606. He was one of the 
original members of the First Church in Salem and was made a freeman, Sep- 
tember 3, 1634. May 14, 1634, he was chosen Ensign in Captain William 
Trask's company, and Lieutenant in the same company March 9, 1636-7. 
Governor Endicott cut the cross from the colors in 1634 and the records of the 
colony contain the following; "It is ordered that Ensigne Damford (Daven- 
port) shalbe sent for by war with comaund to bring his coirs with him to the 
next Court, as also any other that hath defaced the said coirs." In token of 
his appreciation of the feelings which prompted that act, he named a daughter 
who was born to him that year Truecross Davenport. He served as ensign in 
the Pequot war in 1636 and was dangerously wounded. Lieutenant Daven- 
port, in recounting the events of this war to Increase Mather, stated; "that 
with two or three Englishmen, he engaged 30 Indians; had seventeen arrows 
shot into his coat of mail and only one wounded him where he was not de- 
fended. He further related that he rescued a soldier from two of the enemy, 
who were carrying him away on their shoulders; and that, as the Pequods 



172 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

observed the Colonists did not slay the captured squaws, some of their large 
boys, when in danger of being taken, would cry out, 'I squaw, I squaw/ 
thereby hoping to be saved." 

He was appointed a lieutenant in Captain Trask's company, March 9, 
1636-7 and April IS, 1(337 was allowed £4 per month in the war just named. 
May 17, 1637, he was appointed to have charge of the arms and ammunition, 
and by resolve of November 20 following, the arms of men who were disarmed 
were to be delivered to him. He took care of these while in his custody and 
"for his paines & attendance about restoring each man his amies since the 
returne of the souldiers from the Pecoits & before, " received a grant of £10. 
He was gate keeper at the cattle pen and contracted in 1037-8 to perform this 
service for £36 a year, agreeing to keep his man constantly about the same 
and put in another man such as the town should approve of. He viewed, ap- 
portioned or laid out several lots of land in 103S-9 and was granted 150 acres 
June 6 of the latter year. He joined the artillery company in 1639. Several 
men convicted of offences were sentenced to serve him as slaves. He removed to 
Boston in 1642 and October 13, 1644, was appointed Captain in command of 
the castle in Boston Harbor, and his commission was made out by the General 
Court, July, 1645. Edward Johnson in writing about the Castle makes men- 
tion of him as follows; "The commander of it is one Captain Davenport, a man 
approved for his faithfulness, courage, and skill." He was killed by a stroke 
of lightning while lying upon his bed in the castle, July 15, 1665. 

JOHN EXDICOTT was born about 15SS, probably in or near Dorchester, 
England. We know that he belonged to the social class called esquires or 
gentlemen and have reason to believe that at some time previous to his coming 
to America he had held the rank of captain in the army. He may have at 
some time practiced or at least studied surgery, as a bill is preserved at the 
State House in which he styled himself "Chirurgeon." His biographer, 
Charles Moses Endicott well states that "He was a man of good intellectual 
endowments and mental culture, possessed of a vigorous mind and a fearless 
and independent spirit, which well fitted him for the various and trying duties 
he was destined to perform." 

He married, first, Anna Gower, a cousin of Governor Matthew Craddock, 
who came over with him in 162S and died here in the following year. His 
second wife is usually given as Elizabeth Gibson (or Gilson ) but our distin- 
guished investigator Mr. Henry F. Waters, in his "Researches in England," 
unearthed the will of Philobert Cogan of Chard, County Somerset, Gentleman. 
dated February 10, 1640, proved April 12, 1641, in which he mentioned his 



JOHN ENDICOTT 173 

daughters Elizabeth Endieott and Mary Ludloe, leaving them each "one gold 
ring, or ten shillings." Mary was the wife of Roger Ludlow and John Endi- 
eott referred to him as "my brother" in a letter written to Governor Winthrop 
in 1644. She was about twenty-six years his junior as shown by a deposition 
made by her April 15, 1(374, in which she gave her age as "about sixty years." 
The ceremony occurred in Boston on the ISth of August, 1G30, and was per- 
formed by the Reverend Mr. Wilson. 

It is supposed that John Endieott became interested in and finally em- 
braced the .principles of the Puritans through the influence of the Reverend 
Samuel Skelton, his friend in England, who followed him to America a year 
later. He was one of the "adventurers" who subscribed £r>0 to the enterprise 
in May, 162S, and the first of the original patentees to emigrate to America. 
When the question of a leader arose we are told in the "Planter's Plea" (1630 ) 
that by "inquiry it fell out that among others they lighted at last on Master 
Endecott, a man well known to divers persons of good note, who manifested 
much willingness to accept of the offer as soon as it was tendered, which gave 
great encouragement." Concerning his motive in coming, Charles M. Endieott 
tells us that "Whatever may have been the objects of the first settlers generally 
in colonizing New England, there can be no doubt that his was the establish- 
ment of their own form of church government and discipline in a place where 
they might live under them unmolested, and enjoy Christ and his ordinances, 
in their primitive purity. With him it was wholly a religious enterprise." 
Johnson in his "Wonder Working Providence" referred to Governor Endieott 
and his coming as follows: 

"The much honoured John Indicat came over with them to governe. a fit 
instrument to begin this Wildernesse-worke, of courage bold, undaunted, yet 
sociable and of a cheerful spirit, loving and austere, applying himself to either 
as the occasion served." 

He arrived at Salem on the sixth of September, 1028. His first impres- 
sions were evidently very favorable, for we are told in the "Planter's Plea," 
(1630) , that "the good report sent back of the country, gave such encourage- 
ment to the work, that more adventurers joined with the first undertakers." 

We have already considered the controversies which arose between Endi- 
eott and the Old Planters and the peaceful settlement of the same. Most of 
the important events which transpired in the first two years of Endicott's 
residence in America have been dwelt upon in the historical section of this 
address. We know that he governed with a firm and resolute hand, but the 
following extract from Reverend Francis Higginson's "True Relation" of 
his voyage, shows that proper attention was given to the social duties of his 



174 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

high office: "The next morning the governour came aboard to our ship, and 
bade us kindly welcome, and invited me and my witte to come onshoare, and 
take our lodging in his house, which we did accordingly." 

His treatment of the Brownes has been severely criticised by some and 
upheld by others. Governor Bradford who was thoroughly conversant with 
the facts reviewed their case as follows: "Some of the passengers that came 
over at the same time, observing that the ministers did not at all use the Book 
of Common Prayer, and that they did administer baptism and the Lord's 
supper without the ceremonies, and that they professed also to use discipline 
in the congregation against scandulous persons, by a personal application of 
the word of God, as the case might require, and that some that were scandu- 
lous were denied admission into the church, they begun to raise some trouble. 
Of these, Mr. Samuel Browne and his brother were the chief, the one being a 
lawyer, the other a merchant, both of them amongst the number of the first 
patentees, men of estates, and men of parts and port in the place. These two 
brothers gathered a company together, in a place distinct from the public 
assembly, and there, sundry times, the Book of Common Prayer was read unto 
such as resorted hither. The Governour, Mr. Endicott, taking notice of the 
disturbance that began to grow amongst the people by this means, he con- 
vented the two brothers before him. They accused the ministers as depart- 
ing from the orders of the Church of England, that they were Separatists, and 
would be Anabaptists, &c. ; but for themselves, they would hold to the orders 
of the Church of England. The ministers answered for themselves, They 
were neither Anabaptists nor Separatists; they did not separate from the 
Church of England, nor from the ordinances of God there, but only from the 
corruptions and disorders there; and that they came away from the Common 
Prayer and ceremonies, and had suffered much for their non-conformity in 
their native land; and therefore being in a place where they might have their 
liberty, they neither could or would use them, because they judged the im- 
position of these things to be sinful corruptions in the worship of God. The 
Governor and Council and the generality of the people did well approve of the 
ministers' answer; and therefore, finding those two brothers to be on high 
spirits, and their speeches and practices tending to mutiny and faction, the 
Governor told them that Xew-England was no place for such as they, and 
therefore he sent them both back for England at the return of the ships the 
same year; and though they breathed out threatenings both against the Gov- 
ernor and ministers there, yet the Lord so disposed of all, that there was no 
further inconvenience followed upon it." Upon their return to England 
the affair was investigated by a committee of ten, four of whom were nomi- 



JOHN ENDICOTT 175 

nated by the Brownes themselves. Young states that "the fact of the ap- 
pointment of such a committee shows the disposition of the company to do 
ample justice to the complainants, and disproves the charges of contempt 
and injustice alleged against them." 

Endicott evidently considered that he was obeying the orders given by 
the authorities of the company in England, as they wrote to him in the first 
letter of instruction that, "we desire if it may be, that errors may be reformed 
with lenity, or mild correction; and if any prove incorrigible, and will not be 
reclaimed by gentle correction, ship such persons home by the Lion's Whelp." 
Chalmers says that "When the persons who had been thus expelled, arrived 
in England, they naturally applied to the Governor and Company for repara- 
tion of their wrongs ; but it appears not from their records that they ever re- 
ceived any redress. . . The General Court was at that time too much occu- 
pied in preparing for an important change, to attend to the first duty of all of 
rulers, to give protection to the injured." 

• We are fortunate today in that we live in a more liberal age, when in the 
city from which the Brownes were expelled, members of one of the strictest 
Protestant denominations, sell their discarded church edifices to Hebrew and 
Catholic congregations, and are pleased that such structures are to be used 
for worship and not converted into places of amusement. 

We must not, however, measure the deeds of our ancestors by the stand- 
ards of today, neither should we forget that tolerance and intolerance are not 
the especially copyrighted possession of any particular sect or denomination, 
but depend especially upon the temperament of the individual. Thousands 
of people in this fair land of ours today, of all shades of belief from the most 
liberal to the ultra-conservative would be as dictatorial and dogmatic as ever 
John Endicott dared to be if they but had his opportunity coupled with equal 
ability. 

The rule of Governor Endicott during these two years before Winthrop 
came was successful in spite of perplexities and hardships. The removal of 
the Charter to Xew England was repeatedly advocated and we are told in the 
"Planter's Plea" that "the after agitation of this affair in several parts of the 
Kingdom, the good report of Captain Endecott's government, and the increase 
of the Colony, began to awaken the spirits of some persons of competent 
estates not formerly engaged." Several meetings of the Court of Proprietors 
were held in London and at one on the 16th of October, 1629, it was thought 
"fitt that Captain Endecott continue the government there, unless just cause 
to the contrarie." Four days later, however, they decided to elect a new Gov- 
ernor, Deputy and Assistants, and John Winthrop was chosen Governor, 



176 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

John Humfry, Deputy Governor, and Sir Richard Saltonstall, Matthew Crad- 
dock, John Endecott and fifteen others a board of "Assistants." 

When Winthrop arrived in Salem harbor, Endicott, with full knowledge 
that he was to be superseded, went on board the Arbella to welcome him and 
offered the hospitalities of his own house to the new governor and his friends- 
Winthrop writes: "Wee that were of the Assistants and some other gentlemen 
and some of the women returned with him to Xahumkeck, where we supped 
on good venison pastry and good beer." 

The fact that these papers are confined to the period before 1630, makes 
it desirable to go into minute details in regard to happenings before Endicott 
was succeeded by Winthrop. The life which John Endicott led after the 
arrival of the great migration was very eventful, but we can mention only the 
most important events in his career. He served as Assistant from 1630 to 
1634, from 1636 to 1640 and from 1646 to 164S. He was chosen Deputy Gov- 
ernor in June 1641 and served three years, holding this office again in 16.30 and 
1654. He was chosen Governor May 29, 1644, May 2, 1649, May 7, 1651, serv- 
ing for the three years following, and May 23, 1655, serving for the next ten 
years until his death. He was Commissioner of the United Colonies from 1646 
to 1648, inclusive, and again in 1658. The Roger Williams affair, the cutting 
of the cross from the flag, his military exploits in the Pequot war and else- 
where, his land grants of the "Orchard Farm" and other tracts, the Hutchinson 
troubles, his military commissions up to the highest in the gift of the colony 
— Sergeant Major General — and the Quaker persecutions, are all subjects which 
we would like to consider, but space forbids. 

It is recorded that "old age and the infirmities thereof coming upon him, 
he fell asleep in the Lord on the 15th of March 1665." at the age of seventy- 
seven, "and was with great honour and solemnity interred at Boston" on the 
23d of the same month. Charles M. Endicott in the "Memoirs" previously 
quoted, wrote, "Thus lived and thus died, one of the principal founders and 
firmest pillars of New England. The generation of those hardy men who 
settled the Massachusetts Colony, was now rapidly passing away. Higginson, 
Winthrop, Dudley, Skelton, Palfrey, and a long list of New England's earliest 
pioneers, had already preceded Endecott to the tomb. They were men singu- 
larly well adapted to this important and arduous enterprise. It was truly said 
of them by Stoughton, that "God sifted a whole nation that he might send 
choise grain over into this wilderness." All the circumstances of their con- 
dition served to implant in their minds an inextinguishable love of independ- 
ence, and fit them to become the founders of a great republican empire." 



JOHN ENDICOTT 177 

CHARLES GOTT was chosen the first deacon of the Salem church, and 
a letter written to Governor Bradford dated July 30, 1629, is given in the 
Bradford history. He was admitted freeman. May IS, 103 1 and served as a 
deputy to the General Court in 1G34. The town voted him five acres of land 
near Castle Hill and this tract was long known as the ''Deacon's Marsh." 
He removed to Wenham and was representative from that town in 1654. He 
and James Moulton were chosen to procure a minister for the Wenham Church, 
at a town meeting held on the 6th of the 12th month, 1656 and they secured 
Reverend Antipas Xewman, who married Elizabeth Winthrop, daughter of the 
Governor. In 1659 he engaged to pay the second highest amount for the 
support of the minister, and was the second man to sign the Wenham Church 
covenant in 1663, his name appearing next to that of the minister, Mr. Xewman. 
He petitioned in 1675 that Wenham be discharged from its subscription to 
Harvard College and it was granted. He died in Wenham on the 15th, 11th 
mo. 1667. 

The three SPRAGUE brothers, RALPH, RICHARD and WILLIAM, 
as we have already mentioned earlier in this address, probably came in the 
"Abigail" at their own expense. As they were in Salem for only a short time, 
removing hence to what is now Charlestown, their records were given in the 
second paper in this series, "The Settlers About Boston Bay Prior to 1630." 



MASSACHUSETTS IN LITERATURE 



By Charles A. Flagg 



Recent titles of a historical or descriptive character dealing with the state or its localities The list in- 
duces not only books and pamphlets, but articles wherever tounc; in periodicals, so rietv publications et 
t While it pniriarily calls attention to material appearing sime the last issue of this magazine ire^enify 
titles are induced which had been overlooked in previous numbers. 



GENERAL. 

Bay. Bay State Historical League pub- 
lication IV. Proceedings 1903-1 904- 1905- 
1906-1907. Boston. 1909. 44 p. 

A federation or local historical societies of Mass.; 
Publication I appeared in 1903. John F. Ayer, 
Wakefield, secretary. 

Bolton. Scotch-Irish pioneers in Ulster 
and America. By C. K. Bolton. Boston, 
Bacon and Brown, 1910. 39S p. 

Great numbers of these immigrants arrived at 
Boston in 17 IS and settled there and at various 
points, chiefly in Essex and Worcester counties. 

Colonial. Publications of the Colonial 
Society of Mass. Volume IV. Collections, 
printed at the charge of the B A. Gould 
memorial fund Boston, 1910. 502 p. 
Volume XI. Transactions 1906- 

1907. Printed at the charge of the Ed- 
ward Wheelwright fund. Boston, 1910. 
509 p. 

Since 1S95 the society has issued v. 1, 3, 5-8, 10- 
11 (Transactions) and v. 4, 9 (Collections), v. 2 (Col- 
lections) is in press, 

Fairman. Saving a state's mountains; 
the Mass. plan of public reservations. By 
C. G. Fairman (Xew England magazine, 
June 1910. v. 42, p. 406-416.) 
Jefferson. Lincoln in Mass. By Henry 
Jefferson. (Magazine of history, Feb. 
1909. v. 9, p. 109-110.) 
Johnson. Johnson's Wonder-working 
providence 162S-1651. Edited by J. F. 
Jameson. New York, Charles Scribner's 
Sons, 1910. 285, p. 

Original narratives of early American history, 
[no. 9] 

Manning. Jonathan Smith's speech. By 
J. H. Manning. (Magazine of historv, Apr. 

1908. v. 7, p. 223-227) 

In the Ma?s., state convention to ratify the fed- 
eral constitution in 17S8. 

Sons. The practical work of the S. A.R. 
The Mass. society (Magazine of history. 
Feb. 1908. v. 7. p. 81-82). 



Sons Register of members cf the society 
of the Sons of the Revolution in the com- 
monwealth of Mass. With the constitu- 
tion and by-laws and an account of its work. 
Bo>ton, Printed for the Society, 1909. 
20S p. _ 

No. 5; earlier Registers having appeared in 1^93. 
'95, "99 and 1903. 



LOCAL. 

Andover. Stockade built by Indians 
(Magazine of historv, Apr. 1909. v. 9. 
P- 248) 

From the Boston Transcript. 

Barnstable County. Abstracts of Barn- 
stable County probate records. Bv G. E. 
Bowman (Mavrlower descendant, Jan. 1910. 
v. 12, p. 38-40). 

Part 3; series began in July, 1900 : v. 2, p. 176. 

Unrecorded Barnstable County deeds. 

Collected bv G. E. Bowman. (Mavrlower 
descendant', Oct. 1909. v. 11, p. 225-227. 

Part 4; series began in July, 1906. v. 8, p. 155. 

Berkshire County. Pathfinder to Grey- 
lock Mountain of the Berk-hire Hills and 
historic Bennington. Bv "VY. H. Phillips. 
Amherst, 1910. 139 p. 

Blandford. A Mass. town in the French 
and Indian wars. By S. G. Wood (Mag- 
azine of historv. Juh-, Sept., Xov. 1909; 
Jan. -1910. v. 10, 'p. 13-21 157-162, 
256-260; v. 11, p. 13-21, 36a-36i). 

Material omitted in 1st Dart issued as supple- 
mentary matter (p. 3ba-i) in Jan. 1910 no. 

Boston. Boston 70 years a?o (Magazine 
of history, July 190S. v. 8, p7 15-21.) 

The Bostonian Societv publications. 

Vol. 6. Boston, Old State house, 1910. 
146 p. 

Early days on Boston common. By 

Mary F. Aver.' Boston, Privately printed 
1910. 79 p'. 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



178^ 



n 



— A famous American street. By Henry 

Waterman (Americana, X. Y. Apr. 1910. 
v. 5, p. 34:5-348.) 
Summer street. 

Old South chapter, D. A. R. By Sarah 

R. Sturgis (American monthly magazine, 
May, 1910. v. 36. p. 545-546.) 

A remembrance of the Boston draft 

riot, 1S63. By Emma S. Adams i^Mag. 
azine of history, July, 1909. v. 10, p. 
37-40.) 

Some Boston memories. By W. H. 

Rideing (New England magazine, June, 
1910. v. 42, p. 417-420.) 

■ When the population of Boston was 

one. By Daniel Goodwin ( Magazine of 



p. 271- 



chapter, 
historian 



history, May-June, 1908. 
277, 321-328). 

Sketch of William Blackstone. 

Brewster see Harwich. 
Bridgewater see Brockton. 
Brockton. Deborah Sampson 
D. A. R. By Mary E. Charles, 
(American monthly magazine, May 1910. 
v. 36, p. 544-545). 

Names of soldiers of the American 

revolution, buried in the old North Pre- 
cinct of Bridgewater (now Brockton.) 
By Deborah Sampson chapter, D. A. R. 
(American monthly magazine, May, 1910. 
v. 36, p. 538-539). 

Dennis. Dennis vital records. Tran- 
scribed by Marv A. Baker (Mayflower 
descendant, Oct.' 1909; Jan. 1910. 'v. 11, 
p. 211-214: v. 12. p. 40-44). 

Parts 10— 11; series began in Jan. 1904. v. 6 
p. 2. 

Duxbury. The Alden house to be saved. 
(Magazine of history, May, 1908. v. 7, p. 
311). 

■ Duxbury vital records. Transcribed 

by G. E. Bowman. ( Mavrlower descendant 
Oct. 1909; Jan. 1910. v. 11, p. 235-241; v. 
12, p. 29-34). 

Parts 10-11; series began in Oct. 1P06. v. 8. p.23. 
Eastham. Records of the First church 
in Orleans, formerly the First church in 
Eastham (Mavrlower descendant, Oct. 
1909. v. 11, p 252-253). 

Part 3 (1779-1781); series began in July 1908. 
v. 10, p. loo. 

Essex County. Essex County notarial 
records 1697-1708 (Essex Institute histor- 
ical collections, Apr.-July, 1910. v. 46, 
p. 114-128, 273-2SS.) 

_ Parts 14-15 (17.10-1759); series began in Apr. 
1905. v. 4i, p. 183. 



The Essex Institute historical col- 
lections. Vol. XLV-1909. Salem, 1909. 

390 p. 

Newspaper items relating to Essex 

County (Essex Institute historical collec- 
tions, 'Apr.-Julv, 1910. v. 46, p. 165-1'j2, 
253-256.) 

Parts S-9 (1759-1760); series began in Apr. 
1G06. v. 42, p. 214. 

Gloucester. Motor boating on the North 
shore. By Daniel Burbank (New England 
magazine, May, 1910. v. 42, p. 3j7-372.) 

Groveland. Groveland localities and 
place-names. Compiled in 1854 by Al- 
fred Poore (Essex Institute historical col- 
lections, Apr. 1910. v. 46. p. 161-177.) 
The houses and buildings of Grove- 
land. Compiled in 1S54 by Alfred Poore 
(Essex Institute historical collections, Julv, 
1910. v. 46, p. 193-208.) 

Part 1; to be continued. 
Halifax. Cemetery on Sturtevant place, 
Halifax. Inscriptions prior to 1851. (Mav- 
rlower descendant, Oct .1909. v. 11, p. 256.) 

Harwich vital records. Transcribed 

bv G. E. Bowman (Mavrlower descendant, 
Oct. 1909. v. 11, p. 24S-249.) 

Part 14; series began in July. 1901. v. 3. p. 174. 

Harwich. Records of the First parish in 
Brewster, formerly the First parish in 
Harwich. Transcribed by C. E. Bowman 
(Mavrlower descendant, Jan. 1910. v. 12, 
p. 52-54.) 

Part 13 (1760-1762); series began in Oct. 1902. 
v. 4, p. 242. 

Hatfield. A historv of Hatfield, Mass.... 
By D. W. Wells and R. F. Wells. Spring- 
field, F. C. H. Gibbons, 1910. 536 p. 

Ipswich. Annual report of the president 
of the Ipswich Historical Society for the 
year ending Dec. 1, 1909. 8 p. 
Candlewood, an ancient neighbor- 
hood in Ipswich, with genealogies of John 
Brown, William Fellows, Robert Kinsman. 
By T. F. Waters. Salem, 1909. 163 p. 

Publications of the Ipswich Historical Society 
XVI. 

Lexington. The battle of Lexington. 
With personal recollections of men en- 
gage! in it. Bv A. B. Muzzv (Magazine of 
history, Apr. 1909. v. 9, p! 221-240.) 

Lexington, the birthplace of Araer- 

can liberty; ... a handbook. ... By F. S. 
Piper. 3d 'edition. Lexington, The Lex- 
ington Historical Society, 1910. 42 p. 

First edition lb02. 



180 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Marblehead. Marblehead in the year 
1700. By Sidney Perley (Essex Institute 
historical collections, Apr. -July, 1910. 
v. 46, p. 178-1S4, 221-246.) 
Parts 2-3; series began in Jan. 1910. v 46, p. 1. 

Marlborough. The story of the John 
Brown bell. By direction of John A. 
Rawlins post 43, G. A. R. Marlborough, 
1910. 19 p. 

Bell taken from the old Enpine house (John 
Brown fort) Harpers Ferry, W. Va. by members of 
Company I, 13th Mass. regiment in Sept. 1861; now 
on G. A. R. hall, Marlborough. 

Marshfield. Records from the Old burial 

f round at the Congregational church, 
larshfield. Communicated by J. W. Wil- 
lard (Mayflower descendant, Jan. 1910. 
V. 12, p. 54-56.) 

Part 1. (A-Cushman.) 
Medford. A curious record and recorder. 
By Henry Wood (Medford historical reg- 
ister, July, 1910. v. 13, p. 70-72.) 

Thomas Seccombe *s MS. account of all texts and 
baptisms in Medford church 1727-1775. 

■ The Royall house people of a century 

ago. By M. W. Mann (Medford historical 
register, July, 1910. v. 13, p. 62-70.) 
Mendon. On the trail of the pioneer 
Tafts. By Beatrice Putnam (New Eng- 
land magazine, May, 1910. v. 42, p. 279- 
283.) 

Middlesex County. The Middlesex 
canals; an 18th century enterprise. By M. 
W. Mann (Bostonian Society publications, 
1910. v. 6. p. 67-88.) 

Newburyport. Newburyport in the Re- 
volution. Historical notes (Essex Institute 
historical collections, Apr. 1910. v. 46, p. 
189.) 

Northfield. All about Northfield; a 
brief history and guide. Bv A. B. Fitt. 
Northfield, Northfield press, [1910] 166 p. 
Orleans see Eastham. 
Pembroke. Gravestone records from the 
Loring cemetery, East Pembroke. Com- 
municated by J. W. Willard (Mayflower 
descendant, Oct. 1909. v. 11, p. 219-220.) 

Private burial ground on hill top on 

Water street, North Pembroke. Inscrip- 
tions prior to 1851. (Mavflower descend- 
ant, Oct. 1909. v. 11, p. 256.) 
Plymouth. Plymouth First church re- 
cords Transcribed by G. E. Bowman 
(Mayflower descendant, Jan. 1910. v. 12, 
p. 26-28). 

Part 4; (1677-1680); series began in Oct. 1902. 
t. 4, p. 212. 



— — Plymouth vital records. Trans- 
cribed by G. E. Bowman (Mavflower des- 
cendant. Jan. 19K>. v. 12. p. 10—13.) 

Part 14; series legan in July 18 ( j9. v. 1. p. 139. 

Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony 

deeds. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman 

(Mavflower descendant, Oct. 19' 9- [an. 

1910. v 11, p. 209-210; v. 12, p. 6-10.) 

Parts 30-31 (1657); series began in Apr. 1899. 
v. 1. p. 91. 

— Plymouth Colony wills and inven- 
tories. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman 
(Mavflower descendant. Oct. 1909. v. 11, 
p. 198-206.) 

Part 30 ; series be^an in Jan. 1899. v. 1. p. 23. 

Plympton. Gravestone records in the 
Old cemeterv at Plvmpton (Mayflower 
descendant, Oct. 1909. v. 11, p. 194-198.) 

Part 9 (conclusion ); series began in July 1906. 
v. 8, p. 50. 

Provincetow.w Provincetown vital re- 
cords. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman 
(Mavflower descendant, Oct. 1909-Jan. 
1910. v. 11. p. 216-219; v. 12, p. 21-26.) 
Part 4; series began in Apr. 1907. v. 9, p. 100. 

Scttuate. Records of the First church 
of Scituate. Transcribed by G. E. Bow- 
man (Mavflower descendant, Oct. 1909. v. 



11, p. 207-209.) 
Part 5 



series began in Apr. 1908. v. 10, p. 90. 

Stoughton. Another offspring of Old 
Dorchester. By D. Elfleda Chandler (New 
England magazine, May, 1910. v. 42, p. 
355-365.) 

Truro. Records from the Old North 
cemetery, Truro. Communicated by S. 
W. Smith (Mavflower descendant, Jan. 
1910. v. 12, p. 1-6.) 
Part 1 (A-Cobb.) 

Uxbridge. On the trail of the pioneer 
Tafts. By Beatrice Putnam (New Eng- 
land magazine, Mav, 1910. v. 42, p. 279- 
2S3. 

Wellfleet. Records from Duck Creek 
cemetery, Wellfleet. Inscriptions prior 
to 1851. Copied by S. W. Smith and J. 
W. Willard (Mayflower descendant, Oct. 
19C9-Jan. 1910. v. 11, p. 227-231; v. 12, 
p. 34-37.) 

Parts 4-5 (Holbrook— Park); series began in July 
1908. v. 10, p. ISO. 

Westborough. Twenty years of the 
Westborough Historical Society. An ad- 
dress by the president, Rev. S. I. Briant, 
Oct. 27, 1909. Westborough, 1909. 11 p. 



JUcpartmM of thy\rastitan Jlsoolution 

• * rT75-l 782 



Frank A.Gar-dner/M D.Edii 



State Ship Protector. 

This vessel, destined to do good service 
for the state and nation, narrowly escaped 
destruction even before she saw active 
naval service, for on Sunday, December 26, 
1779, when General Hancock's wharf was 
burned she caught fire several times. A 
letter written a few days later states that 
the ship was saved "by the alertness of 
the people notwithstanding the inclemency 
of the weather." 

CAPTAIN JOHN FOSTER WILLIAMS, 
her commander, made a notable naval re- 
cord in the Massachusetts Naval Service. 
Before taking command of the Protector 
he had served as captain on the ship "Re- 
public", the state brigantine "Massachu- 
setts", the brigantine "Wilkes", the priva- 
teer brigantine "Active", and the state 
brigantine "Hazard". 

A full account of him has been given in 
the Massachusetts Magazine, v. I, pp. 198-9. 

The following list shows the first group 
of commissioned officers on this vessel with 
number of rations allowed to each : 

"List of Officers Rations on board the 
State Ship Protector. 
John F. Williams, Commander, 3, Oct. 1779 

to Aug. 16, 1780. 
George Littel, 1st Lieut., 2, Jan. 14 to Aug. 

16. 
Joseph Cuningham, 2d Lieut.. 2, Jan. 14 to 

Sept. 20. 
Clement Lemon, Master, 2, Jan. 14 to Aug. 

16. 
William Dawns, Capt. Marines, 2, Jan. 14 

to Aug. 16. 
Samuel Wales, Lieut. Marines, 2, Oct. 14, 

1779 to Aug. 16, 1780. 
Thomas Leveret, Surgeon, 2, Jan. 14 to 

Aug. 16. 

John F. Williams." 



CAPTAIN JOHN FOSTER WILLIAMS 
was commissioned commander of this 
vessel, in October 1779. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT GEORGE 
LITTLE served as Second Lieutenant on 
the State Brigantine "Active" and his 
name appears in a list of prisoners sent 
from Newport, R. I., in the prison ship 
"Lord Sandwich," landed at Bristol, R. I., 
March 7, 1778. 

He served as Master of the State brigan- 
tine "Hazard" under Captain John Foster 
Williams, from June 23, 1778 to October, 
1778. He was promoted to Second Lieu- 
tenant on that vessel October 15, 1778, and 
served in that rank until April 20, 1779. 
April 21, he was promoted to First Lieu- 
tenant and served until September 4. 1779. 

He asked for compensation for losses 
sustained while serving on the Penobscot 
expedition. He was commissioned First 
Lieutenant of the ship "Protector", Octo- 
ber 14, 1779. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT J-OSEPH 
CUNNINGHAM was commander of the 
schooner "Phoenix" in 1777. In the follow- 
ing year he served as prizemaster of the 
State Brigantine "Hazard", and served on 
her as Master from October 15, 1778 to 
April 20, 1779, and as Second Lieutenant 
from May 1, 1779 to Septemper 6, of that 
year. He was commissioned to serve in 
that rank on the State Ship "Protector", 
October 14. 1779. 

MASTER CLEMENT LEMON was mate 
of the Schooner "Active", Captain Andrew 
Gardner, in October, 177S. He was com- 
missioned Master of the State Ship "Pro- 
tector", October 14, 1779. 



182 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



CAPTAIN OF MARINES WILLIAM 
DOWNES was a Lieutenant in Colonel 
John Crane's Third Continental Artillery 
Regiment from January 1, 1777 to February 
9, 1779. He next served as Lieutenant of 
Marines on board the State Brigantine 
Tyrannicide, until she was destroyed at 
Penobscot. He was commissioned Captain 
of Marines on board the State Ship "Pro- 
tector", October 14, 1779. 

LIEUTENANT OF MARINES SAM- 
UEL WALES was Sergeant of Marines on 
the State brigantine "Hazard" from May 
6, to September 6, 1779. His height was 
given as 5 feet, 10 inches, and his nativity 
as American. He was commissioned Lieu- 
tenant of Marines on the State ship "Pro- 
tector", October 14, 1779. 

SURGEON THOMAS LEVERETT was 
Surgeon on the State Brigantine "Hazard" 
from May 3, 1779 to September 6, 1779. 
He was commissioned Surgeon on the 
State Ship "Protector", October 14, 1779. 

The "Protector" was a ship of twenty- 
six guns and carried about two hundred 
men. One of the most notable engage- 
ments in which she participated was a 
fight lasting an hour and a half with the 
British ship "Admiral Duff " of thirty guns 
commanded by Captain R. Strange. Finally 
one of the shots from the "Protector" en- 
tered the magazine of the "Admiral Duff" 
and she blew up. Only fifty-five of the 
crew of the latter were saved. The author 
of "U. S. Navy, 1775-1853," states that 
the latter had a running fight with the 
frigate "Thames" for several hours but 
finally escaped. x 

The author of this work goes on to state 
that the "Protector" was finally lost at sea. 
This we know to be an error as the records 
and documents in the Massachusetts Ar- 
chives show that she was captured on May 
5, 1781, but by whom, we do not know. 

In the Massachusetts Archives under 



date of January 31, 17S1 (v. 230-p. 564) 
is given a list of the sick and wounded of 

the ship "Protector" transported from 
Penobscot. The list is signed by Surgeon 
Joseph Gardner. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT LEMUEL 
WEEKS was the only other commissioned 
officer of whom we have record of service 
on the "Protector". He had served as 
Prize Master on the State Brigantine "Haz- 
ard" under Captain John Foster Williams 
from December 3, 177S to April 20, 1779, 
and again in the same rank from May 2, 
1779 to September 4, of that year. His 
stature was given as 5 feet, 9 inches, and 
his nationality as American. He was en- 
gaged October 14, 1779, as "acting lieuten- 
ant" on the ship "Protector" and is else- 
where called Midshipman up to September 
21, 17S0, when he was appointed Second 
Lieutenant, serving in that rank until cap- 
tured on May 5, 1781. 

The following documents are preserved 
in the Massachusetts Archives: — 

"Pay Roll of the Officers, Seamen and 
Marines belonging to the State Ship Protec- 
tor who have returned from Captivity and 
have not already been made up on a former 
Establishment and also those who are ftill 
in Captivity to the time said ship was Cap- 
tured agreeable to a resolve dated June 28, 
1781, in Consequence of a resolve paffed 
July 5, 17S2; 
John Foster W r illiams, Capt. Aug. 18, 1780- 

19 May, 1782. 
Joseph Cunningham, 2nd Lieut. Aug. 18„ 

1780-20 Sept., 1780. 
William Downe, Capt. Marines, Aug. 18, 

1780-27 Nov., Died. 
Thomas Leverett, Surgeon, Aug. 18, 1780- 

May 5, D:ed. 
Lemuel Weeks, Midshipman, from Aug. 18 

1780 to 21 Sept., 1780; appointed 2nd. 

Lieut. Sept. 21, 1780; Captured, May 5 y 

1781." 

"Return of Rations due John Foster 



. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



183 



Williams as late Captain of the Ship Pro- 
tector, 

1401 Pounds Bread 

580 Pounds Beef 

645 Pounds Pork 

602 Pounds Rice 

Over Paid 48 Pounds flour 

19 Bushells & Gall Potatoes 

9 Bushells & Gall Pease 

98 1-2 Gallo Rum 

1 Gallo Melofs 
Hi Gallo Vinegar 
Deliv 14 Dec. 1782" 

CAPTAIN JOHN FOSTER WILLIAMS 
was retained in captivity until May 19, 17S2. 
January 3 d ,17S2-3, he was commissioned 
Captain of the privateer Ship "Alexander", 
of Boston, 17 guns and 50 men. It is said 
that he commanded a revenue cutter from 
1790 until his death, June 24, 1814. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT GEORGE LIT- 
TLE was discharged from service on the 
"Protector", November 14, 1781. He was 
"reported returned from captivity". He 
was engaged March 4, 1782 as Captain of 
the State Sloop "Winthrop", and served 
several cruises on that vessel until finally 
discharged, June 23, 1783. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOSEPH 
CUNNINGHAM served on the "Protec- 
tor" until September 20^ 1780. He was 
commissioned commander of the privateer 
brigantine "Spanish Fame", January 1, 
1781 and the privateer brigantine "Isa- 
bella", September 19, 1782. 

MASTER CLEMENT LEMON was dis- 
charged November 14, 1781 "Reported 
returned from captivity", May 13, 1782, he 
was engaged as First Lieutenant of the 
state ship "Tartar", Captain John Cath- 
cart, and served until November 22. 1782. 

CAPTAIN OF MARINES WILLIAM 
DOWNES, in a petition dated Boston, 



January 25, 1780, states that in conse- 
quence of a new establishment for the 
"Protector", no Captain of Marines is pro- 
vided for, and he in consequence was re- 
duced in rank, rating as Lieutenant. He 
respectfully protested against being com- 
pelled to accept a rating for prize shares 
in a lower class than the one for which he 
was originally commissioned. The petition 
also stated that he had spent 5 years in 
service, had been held prisoner 18 months, 
and had three times lost all his clothing, 
twice with the army and once on the Pe- 
nobscot expedition. 

LIEUTENANT OF MARINES 'SAM- 
UEL WALES served in that rank on the 
"Protector" until November 10, 17S0, 
when he was promoted to the rank of 
Captain of Marines, and served on that 
ship until December 18, 1781. 

He held the same rank on the State 
ship "Tartar", Captain John Cathcart, 
from May 13, 1782 to November 22, 1782. 

SURGEON THOMAS LEVERETT re- 
turned from captivity August 14, 17S2. 
605 rations were due him for which he was 
given an order on Richard Devens, Com- 
missary General, September 10, 17S2. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT LEMUEL 
WEEKS was reported captured May 5, 
1781, and later, wages were allowed him 
from that date to the date of his return 
from captivity, August 14, 1782. 



Reply to Mr. Stark. 

A letter from Mr. James H. Stark in re- 
ply to the department editor's review and 
criticism of his work, "The Loyalists of 
Massachusetts" has been received and is 
printed in full in the department of ''Com- 
ment and Criticism" in this issue: 

The first point Mr. Stark discusses is our 
denial of the statement made by him that 
it was ''not colonial, but all English blood," 



184 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



which had been shed around Quebec and 
Montreal. Xo further proof need be given 
that men of New England were at Quebec 
than the copies of the original lists which 
we have published in the Massachusetts 
Magazine and to which we have called Mr. 
Stark's attention. Mr. Stark has evi- 
dently gained more definite information, 
on the subject since he wrote the book, 
for in the above reply he quotes from Cap- 
tain Knox's Historical Journal; "The 
Royal Americans were then detached to 
the first ground we had formed on after 
we gained the heights, to preserve the 
communication with the beach, and our 
boats." This was certainly valuable ser- 
vice and work that would have required 
men of the regular British Regiments to 
perform it if the provincials had not been 
there. 

Mr. Stark is certainly guilty of quibbling 
in this matter. If he had stated in his 
book that no provincial regiment was pres- 
ent at Quebec or Montreal we would not 
have denied the statement. 

In justice to the men of Xew England it 
is only proper to ask why these regiments 
were not at the battle of the Plains of 
Abraham. These provincial regiments had 
been formed to fight against the French 
'Tn the King's Service" or "For the Re- 
duction of Canada", and at the time this 
battle was fought were doing duty at 
other important points to which they were 
ordered, to allow the regular British 
regiments to right against Montcalm. 
They were serving their King and country 
at Louisburg and other places where they 
were ordered to go, and their absence was 
nothing for which they were to blame. 
Hutchinson whom Mr. Stark justly ex- 
tolls as an historian says: — 

"The Massachusetts forces this year were 
of great service. Twenty-five hundred 
served in garrison at Louisburg and Xova 
Scotia in the room of the regular troops, 
taken from thence to serve under General 
Wolfe. Several hundred served on board 
the King's ships as seamen, and the re- 
mainder of the six thousand five hundred 
men, voted in the spring served under Gen- 
eral Amherst. Besides this force, upon ap- 
plication from General Wolfe, three hun- 
dred more were raised and sent to Quebec 
by the lieutenant-governor in the absence 
' of the governor at Penobscot. These 
served as pioneers, and in other capacities 
in which the regulars must otherwise have 



been emploved." Hutchinson's Hisl 
of Mass. Bay, III., p. 7s. 

It certainly was eminently unfair for Mr. 
Stark, in his review of our debt to the 
Mother Country in the French war, to cite 
this battle alone where for the above 
reasons the provincial troops were no*, 
sent in force and overlook or ignore the I 
that during that very year over six l 
sand men from Massachusetts were in the 
service of the king elsewhere. 

Mr. Stark or any other writer makes a 
sorry spectacle in trying to prove that 
Massachusetts failed to do her duty in this 
war with France as an abundance of con- 
temporary evidence of the highest author- 
ity is easily found. 

The English Governor Pownall, who suc- 
ceeded Shirley as royal governor of the 
provinces, in his report to Pitt wrote that 
Massachusetts "has been the frontier and 
advanced guard of all the colonies against 
the enemy in Canada," and further showe 1 
that she had taken the lead in military 
affairs. 

Parkman in his "Montcalm and Wolfe" 
wrote that Pownall further proved in these 
reports that Massachusetts, "In the three 
past years (1756-8) spent on the ex- 
peditions of Johnson, Winslow and Lan- 
don £242,356, besides £45,000 a year to 
support the provincial government, at the 
same time maintaining a number of forts 
and garrisons, keeping up scouting parties, 
and building, equipping, and manning a 
ship of twenty guns for the service of the 
King. In the first two months of the pre- 
sent year, 175S, she made a further military 
outlay of £172,239. Of all these sums <he 
has received from Parliament a reimburse- 
ment of only £70,117 and hence she is 
deep in debt; yet, in addition she has this 
year raised, paid, maintained, and clothed 
seven thousand soldiers placed under the 
command of General Abercrombie, besides 
twenty-rive hundred more serving the 
King by land or sea; amounting in all to 
about one in four of her able-bodied men. 
Massachusetts was extremely poor by 
the standards of the present day, living by 
fishing, farming, and a trade sorely hamp- 
ered by the British navigation laws. Her 
contributions of money and men were not 
ordained by an absolute king, but made by 
the voluntary act of a free people. Pow- 
nall goes on to say that her present war- 
debt, due within three years, is £366,698 
sterling, and that to meet it she has im- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



185 



posed on herself taxes amounting, in the 
town of Boston, to thirteen shillings and 
twopence to every pound of income from 
real and personal estate; that her people 
are in distress, that she is anxious to con- 
tinue her efforts in the public cause, but 
that without some further reimbursement 
she is exhausted and helpless, yet in the 
next year she incurred a new and heavy 
debt. In 1760 Parliament repaid her 
£59,575. Far from being reimbursed, the 
end of the war found her on the brink of 
bankruptcy." 

In his report to Pitt, September 30, 175S, 
Pownall stated that "The province of Mass- 
achusetts Bay has exerted itself with great 
zeal and at vast expense for the public 
service." 

Mr. Stark refers to the Loyalists as men 
who "had no desire to shirk the burden of 

maintaining the empire to which 

they belonged" and the above quotations 
show how the men of New England 
"shirked" their duty to the empire up to 
the time when England, after the French 
menace was removed, began to oppress her 
loyal subjects in America, and arouse them 
to the point of using the military power 
which they had learned so well in long and 
faithful service under the king. 

We have so far referred only to service 
in this one year — 1759. In the previous 
year Hutchinson tells us that: 

The house voted to raise 7,000 men 

"Seven thousand men was a 

great proportion of the whole people to be 
raised, and sent out of the province. . . . 
Four thousand five hundred only could be 
raised by voluntary enlistment, and the 
remaining twenty-five hundred, by a sub- 
sequent act or order of court, were drawn 
from the militia and impressed into the 
service. 

Between two and three thousand men were 
raised by the other colonies, which made 
more than nine thousand provincials, who, 
with between six and seven thousand 
regulars and rangers on the king's pay in- 
cluded, all marched to Lake George, where 
General Abercrombie in person was in 

command This body of men, the 

greatest which had ever been assembled in 
America, since it was settled by the Eng- 
lish," etc (Hutchinson, Hist, of 

Mass. Bay, v. III., p. 70. 
1758. 

"In the interval between the repulse at 
Ticonderoga and the arrival of General 



Amherst, Colonel Bradstreet, with three 
thousand provincials, and one hundred and 
twenty regulars, [all English indeed!] stole 
a march upon Montcalm, and before he 
could send a detachment from his army to 
Lake Ontario by way of St. Lawrence, 
went up the Mohawk River. About the 
25th of August, they arrived at Fort 
Frontenac, surprised the garrison, who 
were made prisoners of war, took and de- 
stroyed nine small vessels and much mer- 
chandise; but having intelligence of a large 
body of the enemy near, they made haste 
back to Albany. It was an expedition of 
eclat. The men complained of undergoing 
greater hardships than they had ever under- 
gone before, and many sickened and died 
by the fatigue of the march." Hutchinson's 
Hist, of Mass. Bay, v. III., p. 74. 

For the capture of Louisburg, Fiske tells 
us that New Hampshire and Connecticut 
furnished 500 men each; Rhode Island 
furnished the sloop of war Tartar and 
Massachusetts supplied 3000 men. These 
men were under the command of William 
Pepperell of Xew Hampshire and Roger 
Wolcott of Connecticut. This land force 
with the assistance of the British fleet ef- 
fected the fall. Fiske states that for the 
first time the world "waked up to the fact 
that a new military power had grown up 
in America. One of the strongest fortresses 
on the face of the earth had surrendered 
to a force of Xew England Militia." 

"The outlay of Massachusetts on the ex- 
pedition to Louisburg was to the amount 
of two hundred and sixty-one thousand 
and seven hundred pounds in the newly 
devised currency, which was equal to one 
hundred and eighty-three thousand six 
hundred and fifty pounds sterling as the 
exchange then stood in London." Pal- 
frey's Hist, of X. E., v., p. 101. 

In the biographies of the officers of the 
Massachusetts regiments published in the 
Massachusetts Magazine to date, we have 
given the French war service of one hun- 
dred and twelve men (and twelve more in 
doubt owing to similarity of names ) who 
served in the Provincial Army under the 
King in the following offices: 1 Lieut. Col., 
10 Captains in the French service (and one 
in the militia), 9 Lieutenants, 7 Ensigns, 
1 Cornet, 12 Sergeants, 7 Corporals and 55 
privates; also 1 Surgeon, 1 Surgeon's mate, 
1 Chaplain and 1 Quartermaster. We 
have as yet considered only seven regi- 
ments out of the large number which 



186 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Massachusetts supplied in the revolution. 

Mr. Stark deliberately ignores all this 
glorious service on the part of the province 
of Massachusetts and ingeniously cites two 
conflicts, Montreal and Quebec, where the 
provincial troops were not present by 
organizations because their regiments were 
on duty in other localities. 

The second point which Mr. Stark con- 
siders in the above reply — namely: the at- 
titude of the present men of Massachu- 
setts toward England is a matter of indi- 
vidual opinion based upon personal obser- 
vation. It has been the agreeable privi- 
lege of the editor of this department to be 
present at many gatherings where this 
question was uppermost, where feelings of 
affection and regard for the mother country 
as she was lovingly called were freely ex- 
pressed. These functions included me- 
morial services to the deceased Queen 
Victoria, receptions to distinguished men 
and women of England, Scotland and 
Canada. He is as a result of close obser- 
vation absolutely convinced in his own 
mind that the feeling of amity and good 
will between the United States and Eng- 
land is constantly improving. To be sure 
he has always tried to do his part in help- 
ing along the cause of international peace 
and harmony. We fear that Mr. Stark by 
his own admission has failed to do his share 
in helping along the good cause. He has 
told a member of the staff of this magazine 



of occasions when he has deliberately 
turned the tide in the opposite direction 
by calling the attention of men a* ross the 
Northern border to local evidences o( ill 
will in Massachusetts when the Canadians 
were about to erect some token of inter- 
national good feeling, thereby stopping 
further effort. 

Such acts may have some little effect in 
slowing the hands of time just as progress 
will be lessened, by the introduction of vari- 
ous sectional and racial issues as evident ed 
in Mr. Stark's reply. Xo possible good can 
come, however, by repeatedly narrating the 
mean, selfish, one-sided acts of a few nar- 
row-minded individuals, while at the same 
time we forget to emphasize or even men- 
tion the many broad-minded, healthy and 
noble utterances of the best men on both 
sides the broad Atlantic and the Canadian 
boundary. 

The cause of international good feeling 
will not be helped by the effeminate over- 
conciliatory, Alfonse — Gaston attitude of 
a certain peace-at-any-price group of peace 
advocates, or the one-sided partisan ac- 
cusations of men imbued with race hatred 
and national prejudices. The men who 
are to advance this cause must be broad 
enough to see the good in the men of both 
nations, wise enough to overlook the short- 
comings of both people, and benevolent or 
diplomatic enough to preach peace in word 
and deed. 



This is the ninth of a series of articles, giving the organization and history of all the Ma*sachusetti 
regiments which took part in the war of the Revolution.] 

COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel James Frve's Minute Men's Regiment. 1775. 
First Regiment, Army of the United Colonies. 1775. 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

This regiment "enlisted by Col. Johnson regimented under Col. Frve," 
was composed almost exclusively of Essex County men. On account of the 
valuable service which it rendered at Bunker Hill it was one of the best 
known regiments of the colony in the first year of the war. 

One of the officers of this regiment, Captain Benjamin Farnum, kept a 
diary which has been of much value to historians of the Revolution. The 
following entry in this interesting book gives the story of this organization in 
connection with the Lexington alarm: — 

"April 19, 1775, This day, the Mittel men of Colonel Frve's regiment 
were Alarmed with the Nuse of the Troops marching from Boston to Concord 
at which Nuse they marched very quick from Andover, and marched within 
5 miles of Concord, then meeting with the Xuse of their retreat for Boston 
again with which Nuse we turned our corse in order to catch them. We 
retreated that Day to Notme (Menetomy) but we could not come up with 
them. The nit coming on, we stopped; and the next day we marched to 
Cambridge." 

"The Muster Role of the Field & Staff Officers in the Regiment of Minute 
Men who marched ye 19 th of April For the Defence of the Liberties of Amer- 
ica under the command of Col. Frye. 

James Frye, Colonel, Andover. 
James Brickett, Lt. Colonel, Haverhill. 
David Hardy, Adjutant, Bradford. 
Benj m Foster, Q r Master, Boxford. 

James Brickett." 
The last two names are crossed out in the original roll. 
The companies in the regiment at the time of the Lexington Alarm were 
officered as follows: 



- 



188 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Captains 



1st Lieutenants 



2nd Lieutenants 



Benjamin Ames 
Thomas Poor 
Jonathan Evans 
William Perley 
Nathaniel Gage 
James Sawyer 
John Davis 



Isaac Abbot 
Samuel Johnson 
Reuben Evans 
Benjamin Perley 
Eliphalet Hardy 
Nathaniel Eaton 
Eliphalet Bodwe: 



David Chandler 

Benjamin Farnum 

John Merrill 

John Robinson 

Thomas Stiekney 

Timothy Johnson 

Nathaniel Herrick 

One contemporaneous reference states that the regiment was "Enlisted 
by Col. Johnson, regimented under Col. Frye." 

When the regiments were reorganized shortly after the Lexington Alarm 
this became one of the regiment in the provincial army. May 4th, 1775, 
450 men under Colonel Frye were ordered "on fatigue," probably to labor on 
the works at Cambridge. 

May 7th, 1775, the regiment was at Cambridge with the following line 
officers: 

Captains 1st Lieutenants 2nd Lieut's. Ensigns 

Thomas Poor 
Benjamin Ames 
John Davis 
William Perley 
Nathaniel Gage 
James Sawyer 
Jonathan Evans 
Capt. Ballard 



Benjamin Farnum Samuel Johnson Cyrus Marble 57 

David Chandler Isaac Abbot 49 

Nathaniel Herrick Elipha't Bodwell Ebenezer Herrick 56 
John Robinson Benjamin Perley Nathaniel PerleyQ.M. 58 

(Thos. )Stickney Eliphalet Hardy 51 

Timothy Johnson Nathaniel Eaton 59 

John Merrill Reuben Evans 59 

(Recruiting Co. ) 24 

Recruited but not returned by Captains 67 



478 



A list dated May 17th is exactly like the above with the exception of 
Ensign Ebenezer Herrick of Captain Davis' Company, whose name is omitted. 

Another list showing an increase in the strength of the Companies, and 
the addition of the companies of Captains John Currier and (Jonas ) Richard- 
son was dated May 20th. 

"A list of the officers in Colo. Frves Regiment 

May 2G, 1775 

James Frye Colo 

James Brickett Lt Colo 

Thos Poor Majr 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 



ISO 



Danl Handy Adjutant 






Thos Kittridge Surgeon 






Benj m Foster Qr Mafter 


Surgeon's Mate 




Captains 


Subalt 




Thomas Poor 


Benjm Farnum 
Saml Johnfon 
Cyrus Marble Entn. 






Tota 


Benjm Ames 


David Chandler 






Isaac Abbot 


53 


John Davis 


Nathl Herrick 






Eliphalet Bodwell 


60 


William Pearley 


John Robinfon 






Benjm Pearley 


57 


Nathaniel Gage 


Thomas Stickney 






Eliphalet Hardy 


55 


James Sawyer 


Timothy Johnfon 






Nathanl Eaton 


63 


Jonathan Evans 


John Merrill 






Reuben Evans 


60 


John Currier 


Wells — Chafe 


60 


Jonas — Richardfon 


Reed 
Fox 


45 


Wm Hudfon Ballard 


Fofter 


40 



Including Compny Officers 006 
Benja Varnum. 

The towns represented in these companies are shown in the following 
list: 

Captains 

1. John Currier, Amesbury &c. 

2. James Sawyer, Haverhill, Amesbury, Berwick, Dunstable. 

3. Nath'l Gage, Bradford. 

4. Benj Farnum, Andover, Methuen. 

5. John Davis, Methuen, Andover, Bradford, Haverhill. 

6. Jonas Richardson. 

7. Wm. Hudson Ballard, Amesbury, Andover and X. H. Towns. 

8. Jonathan Evans, Salisbury &c. 



190 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

9. Wm Perley, Bradford, Andover, Shirley. 

10. Benj. Ames, Andover, 3 killed 

See Mass. Archives v. 146p. 06 for complete list of Frye's men in May 
1775 — 178 names. 

May 27th, recommendation was made by the Committee of Safety that 
the officers of this regiment be commissioned. 

"To the Honble Provincial Congrefs 
Gentlemen 

the Petition of Seven Companies belonging to Col. Fryes Regiment 
Humbly Sheweth that According to the Recommendation of the Congrefs 
20th of Octobr Last Six Companyes in S' 1 Regiment have appointed two 
Lieutnts & Since that time to the 19th of April have ben Diciplined in the 
Art Military with two Lieutnts & Ever Since ye Lo 19th of April have been 
Imbodied & have Regularly Done Duty in the Army & So have ben Deprived 
of the Advantages of Returning to the Country for Recruiting of Troops 
much to our Difadvantage & as we are informed that the Prefant Congrefs 
have Determined That Each Company may have but one Lieutnt & an 
Enfign your Petitioners, Conceiving great Difficulties will Arife in our Com- 
panies upon Account thereof, beg that if it may be Confistant with the Honour 
& Dignity of the Congrefs That Each of the Seven Companies may have two 
Lieutnts As they have to the utmost of there Power Perfued the Line of 
Conduct Poynted out by a former Congrefs and your Petitioners as in Duty 

Bound will Ever pray 

Camp at Cambridge 6th June 1775 
Benja Ames Capt 
John Davis Capt 
Nathaniel Gage Capt 
William Pearley Capt 
James Sawyer Capt 
Jonathan Evans Capt 
Benja Varnum Capt 

The Petioners were granted leave to withdraw, the prayer having been 
granted by a prior vote of Congrefs. 

A commission as major was ordered delivered to Thomas Poor, June 3 
1775. 

This regiment was one of the three which marched June 16th, 1775 to 
Breed's Hill and threw up the breastworks as described in detail in the articles 
upon the regiments of Colonel William Prescott and Ebenezer Bridge (see 
Massachusetts Magazines v. I pp. 151-164 and v. II pp. 205-6.) 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 191 

The following entry from the diary previously mentioned is interesting: — 
"Three regiments were ordered to peraid at 6 o'clock in the afternoon 
namely Conl Fryes, Conl Bridgs's and Conl Prescott's after which being done 
we attended prayers and about 9 at night we marched to Charlestown with 
about 1000 men and at about 11 o'clock we began to intrench in sight of 
Boston and the sniping." 

The regiment marched to Breed's Hill under the command of Lieut. 
Colonel Brickett, Colonel Frye being absent on a court martial. (Frothingham 
states that he was indisposed). Lieut. -Colonel Brickett was wounded early 
in the action and retired with other surgeons to the north side of Bunker 
Hill where they attended to the wounded. 

Word reached Colonel Frye that the battle was going against the patriots 
and he galloped to the field. S. L. Bailey in her "History of Andover" tells 
us that "overtaking the troops halted on the road, he rode up to the officer 
and impetuously demanded why there was any halting at such a time. Then 
cheering on the soldiers, he shouted 'This day thirty years ago 1 was at the 
taking of Louisburg. This is a fortunate day for America, we shall certainly 
beat the enemy.' " 

The regiment lost heavily in the battle. Frothingham gives the casu- 
alties as 15 killed and 31 wounded. In Force's American Archives, 4, II, 
p. 1628 the loss is stated as 10 killed 3S wounded and 4 missing. 

In a list of Surgeons and Surgeon's mates dated July 5, 1775, the name 
of Dr. Aaron Putnam appears as Surgeon's mate of this regiment. 

Twenty-five small arms valued at forty-nine pounds, eight shillings and 
two pence, were delivered to Colonel Frye, July 28th, 1775, for the use of 
his regiment and twenty-six more valued at fifty-five pounds, and four shil- 
lings were delivered a few days later. These allotments were from the Com- 
mittee of Safety. 

During the remainder of the year this regiment was stationed at Cam- 
bridge in Major General Putnam's division. 

August 2, 1775, Captain Benjamin Ames presented the following peti- 
tion : 

"To the Honorable the Council and House of Representatives of the Colony 
of the Massachusetts Bay in General Court assembled: 

Your petitioner, a Captain in Colonel James Fryes Regiment, begs leave 
to relate that the Company which he has the honor to command, consisting 
of fifty-seven non-commissioned officers and soldiers came into camp at 
Cambridge on the 19th April last. That since that time said Company has 
regularly done duty; but though they have been in the service of this Colony 



192 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

above three months, not one man has received any part of the forty Shillings 
which a late Congress promised should be advanced to them; that these 
soldiers, with many of their families have suffered difficulties which are not 
small by reason of this delay; their necessities have been growing daily more 
urgent, till at length I am able to withstand their importunity no longer. 
I am therefore constrained most earnestly to entreat this honourable Court 
that relief to which he humbly presumes he has some claim in justice. And 
your petitioner, as in duty bound, shall ever pray. 

Benjamin Ames. 
Camp in Cambridge, August 2, 1775." 

The sum of one hundred and fourteen pounds was voted by the House 
of Representatives on the same date, in payment of the above claim. 

Captain Ballard of this regiment was tried August 9, 1775, for swearing, 
and beating his men and fined 4 shillings for each offence. 

Frothingham in his "Siege of Boston," gives the following interesting 
quotation : 

Cambridge, Aug. 14, 1775. 

This day the field-officers of the 6th brigade under the command of 
Col. James Frye, met at the house of Jonathan Hastings, Esq. to celebrat 
the 14th of August." (Anniversary of August 14, 1705, when forcible re- 
sistance to the enforcement of the stamp act took place in Boston. ) 

The officers of this 1775 regiment attained the following ranks during 
the war: — 

1 brigadier general, 2 colonels, 15 captains, 7 first lieutenants, 3 second 
lieutenants, 2 surgeons, 1 adjutant and 2 quartermasters. 

' Of the thirty-five officers of this regiment whose biographical sketches 
are given below, at least twenty-six had seen service in the French and In- 
dian War. 

The strength of the regiment is shown in the following table : 



Date 


Com. Off. 


Staff. 


Non Com.* 


Rank & File 


June 9 


31 




64 


512 


July 


20 


4 


44 


406 


Aug. 18 


27 


4 


42 


456 


Sept. 23 


20 


3 


55 


474 


Oct. 17 


24 


1 


39 


384 


Nov. 18 


17 


3 


31 


475 


Dec. 30 


25 


4 


43 


464 



♦Sergeants, drummers and fifers. 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 193 

COLONEL JAMES FRYE. (John \ James 2, James 3), was the only 
son of James 3, f Andover, and great-grandson of John Frye 1 who settled 
in Andover in 1(343. He saw distinguished service in the French and 
Indian War and was one of fifty-eight petitioners to Lieut. Governor Spencer 
Phipps for services against Cape Breton, the petition bearing date of Novem- 
ber 22, 1751. He was a captain in the 4th Regiment of Militia in Essex 
County, September 12, 1754. He rendered a bill, Feb. 17, 1750 for "mus- 
tering 2 companies, transporting blankets, mending guns, travelling ex- 
penses, etc." May 7, 1756 he was Lieut. Colonel in command of a Company 
in Colonel Ichabod Plaisted's Regiment, from Feb. 8 to Oct. 3, 175G, on the 
Crown Point expedition and at Fort William Henry. 

He conducted ironworks in Andover which he gave up and offered for 
sale in 1770. In June 1774 he was a member of the Committee of Circum- 
spection. He was a member from Andover of the Convention of Essex 
County held at Ipswich, September 6 — 7, 1774, and a member of the Com- 
mittee of Safety of Andover in the December following. January 2, 1775, 
he was chosen a member of the Committee of Inspection. 

He was engaged April 19, 1775, Colonel of a regiment which res'ponded 
to the Lexington Alarm and served seven days. Upon the reorganization 
at the end of April, this Essex County Regiment became the Tenth in the 
Provincial Army. Colonel Frye was reported sick at Andover, May 10, 
1775. A resolve was passed in the Provincial Congress on the same day 
granting him his Commission as Colonel. 

His service at Bunker Hill has been given in the historical section of 
this article. He was w r ounded during the end of the action as the following 
from Bailey's "History of Andover" will show: 

"Later in the day, after the British had carried the redoubt and our 
troops were retreating, the enemy in pursuit, Colonel Frye was wounded in 
the thigh by a musket ball, which passed through the saddle and lodged in 
the back of his horse. He dismounted, extracted the ball, and rode on, with 
the remark, "The Regulars fire damned careless!" 

His health was evidently not good through the year and he died January 
8, 1776. He was buried in the Andover Burying ground w^here his monu- 
ment stands w r ith the following inscription upon it : — 



194 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

"In memory of 

Colonel James Frye 

who departed this life 

Jany the 8th 1776 

Aetatis 60 

while 

in the Continental Service 

supporting the Independence 

of the United States 

of America. 

Homo fuit." 

Sarah L. Bailey in her excellent History of Andover refers to the "off- 
hand, rough but effective speech of Col. James Frye, who, priding himself 
on being a fighter, and not a maker of phrases, when he had anything to 
say, said it with an emphasis, and elicited applauses." 

LIEUT. COLONEL JAMES BRICKETT was born, according to Chase's 
"History of Haverhill," in that town. He may have been James Brickett of 
Newbury who was a private in Captain Ephraim Xoyes Company, June 10, 
1757. He was Surgeon's Mate of Colonel Frye's Regiment from March 20, 
1759, to July 30, 17(30. In 176S (Feb. 22,) he was elected an original mem- 
ber of the Fire Society of Haverhill. He was a member of the Artillery 
Company in that town, September 5, 1774. January 3, 1775, he was ap- 
pointed on a Committee of Haverhill, "to agree on some measures for the 
carrying into execution the recommendation of the grand Continental and 
Provincial Congresses; and all those matters and things which respect us." 
On the 30th of that month he was elected a member of the Committee of 
Inspection in Haverhill. He was Lieut. Colonel of Colonel James Frye's 
Regiment on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775, and on May 20, he re- 
ceived commission in the Provincial Army. 

The letter of Colonel William Prescott to John Adams shows the part 
played by Lieut. Colonel Brickett in the battle of Bunker Hill. "On the 
16th June, in the evening, I received orders to march to Breed's Hill in 
Charlestown, with a party of about one thousand men, consisting of three 
hundred of my own regiment, Colonel Bridge and Lieut (Col.) Brickett. with 
a detachment of theirs, and two hundred Connecticut forces commanded by 
Capt. Knowlton." He was wounded in the foot in the battle and Chase in 
his "History of Haverhill" tells us that the shock was so great as to cause a 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 195 

"rupture" from which he suffered to the end of his life. As stated in the 
historical section of this article, after he received the wound he retired to 
the north side of Bunker Hill where with other Surgeons he attended to the 
wounded. Colonel Swett in his account of the battle tells us that "General 
Warren as he went on the hill to fight as a volunteer, obtained his arms of 
Lieut. Colonel Brickett who came off with the first wounded." He received 
money for losses sustained in the battle. 

He served through the year under Colonel Frye and July 11, 177G, his 
name appeared as Colonel on a list of field officers of a regiment to be raised 
in Essex, York and Cumberland County. In the same month he was chosen 
by the legislature a Brigadier General in place of John Cummings who re- 
signed. This was for service in Canada. He was President of a court mar- 
tial to try General Arnold at Albany, December 2, 177(3. June 2nd, 1777, 
he was chosen on a committee "to see that the Regulation Act shall be car- 
ried into Execution." He turned out with other volunteers upon the alarm 
in September, 1777. In the following month he was appointed one of Gen- 
eral Gates's brigadiers and commanded an escort of 500 militia detached as 
a guard to General Burgoyne's troops from Saratoga to Boston. He was 
chosen a member of the Committee of Safety at the annual meetings in Haver- 
hill in 1778- 17S0. He was Moderator of the town meetings in 17S0-4 and 
chairman of the board of Selectmen in 1779- 17S2. 

The following petition explains itself: — 

"To the Honorable General Court Now Sitting in Boston. 

The petition of B. G. James Brickett Humbly Sheweth, That whereas in 
obedience to a Resolve of the Genl Court in the year 1777, for Reinforcing 
the Northern Army, then under command of General Gates, I marched with 
a number of men, aad joined said army, soon after which the articles of 
Convention between Mr. General Gates and Gen. Burgoyn were exchanged, 
after which by the General's Direction, I received orders to take ye Command 
of the Escort for Gen Burgoyn' s troops from Saratoga to Boston, which Busi- 
ness was compleated as Expeditious as possible, for which Sen-ices I have 
not Received any Recompense. Notwithstanding the aplication made to 
Generals Heath & Glover— who I considered as the proper persons to apply 
to — wherefore this is to beg you would consider of the affair & Grant such 
compensation, as you in your wisdom shall think proper for said services, & 
the Necessary Extra Expenses I was at — And your petitioner as in Duty 
Bound will ever pray. 
Dated Haverhill, March 27 1780 James Brickett." 



*--,/. 



196 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

"I do hereby Certify; That Brigadier General James Brickett, was ap- 
pointed to ye Command of About five Hundred Militia, Detached from 
General Gates Army, to Guard a Division of ye Convention Troops, from 
Saratoga to Cambridge, in October 1777— which Charge he executed with 
Judgement and Prudence. 

Jno Glover 

B General 
Marblehead 29 Apl 17S0" 

"State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives May* 1780 

On the Petition of Brigs James Brickett Resolved that Brigr James 
Brickett be allowed for his Services in Reinforcing the Northern Army under 
the Command of Major Genii Gates; that he be permitted to make up a 
Rolle as Brigr and Exhibit the same to the Committee on Rolles for allow- 
ance; & the Treas is hereby ordered to charge the same to the Continent." 

Mr. George Wingate Chase in his History of Haverhill tells us that Gen- 
eral Brickett "afterwards wrote that he would make up his Rolls as soon as 
he received returns of parts of one or two Regiments. This is as far as we 
can trace the matter." Mr. Chase also states that "General Brickett seriously 
embarrassed himself by advancing large sums of money from his private 
purse and contracting obligations to furnish necessary provisions and accom- 
modations for the troops, during this long and tedious march. For all this 
he never received one penny- Massachusetts claimed that it belonged to the 
United States government to reimburse him; and Congress was pleased to 
refuse to him the claim, on the ground that General Brickett was not an 
United States officer, but under commission from Massachusetts! Between 
the two, the General's just claim fell to the ground, and to this day has never 
been paid. When Congress afterwards pensioned the Soldiers of the Revo- 
lution, General Brickett was urged to secure one for himself, as he could 
readily do so, but he indignantly refused to accept a pension, while his higher 
claim was ignored by the government." 

May 2, 17S0 he was chosen moderator of a meeting to approve the form 
of government for the States. 

At the time of the excitement occasioned by Shays's rebellion General 
Brickett was chairman of the town committee to reply to the official com- 
munication from the State house. His reply was intensely patriotic. Owing 
to its length it is impossible to reproduce it here but it has been printed in 
full in Chase's "History of Haverhill," pp. 43S-440. 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 197 

In the last named work we read that "General Brickett. or as he was 
usually called by his townspeople 'Dr. Brickett' was highly respected by all 
who knew him, as a kind and skilful physician, an obliging neighbor, a genial 
companion, a liberal and enterprising citizen, and a man of undoubted honor, 
patriotism, and integrity." He died December 9, 1818 aged 81 years. 

MAJOR THOMAS POOR of Andover, later of Methuen, was a captain in 
Colonel Ebenezer Nichols's Regiment in the Canada Service in 1758. Jan- 
uary 31, 1775, he was engaged as captain of a company of Minute men in 
Colonel James Frye's Regiment. He held that rank at the time of the Lex- 
ington Alarm and until May 26, 1775 when he was promoted to Major. He 
served through the year. During 1770 he was Lieut. Colonel of Colonel 
Rufus Putnam's 5th Continental Regiment. May 13, 177S he was com- 
missioned Colonel of an Essex County Regiment for service at Peekskill. 
He served to February 20, 1779 and was discharged three days later. Dur- 
ing the latter part of his service he lived in Methuen. 

The Haverhill Observer of October 2, 1S04, contains the following obit- 
uary notice: — 

Died at Methuen, September 24, 1804, Col. Thomas Poor, aged 72. 
In his youth he led a company against the French Army in Canada. In the 
war of '76 by his valor and integrity he honored the several commissions of 
Captain, Major and Colonel. In peace he served his country as a legislator 
and has ever since been a promoter of good order, honor and integrity by his 
life and conversation." The Methuen records give the date of his death as 
September 23, 1S04. 

SURGEON THOMAS KITTREDGE was the son of Dr. John and 
Sarah Kittredge of North Andover. His father was a surgeon of great 
repute and Dr. Thomas succeeded to his practice upon Dr. John's death in 
1776. He became Surgeon of Colonel James Frye's Regiment, his name 
appearing in a list of officers dated May 26, 1775. He served through the 
year. Miss Bailey in her "History of Andover" pays him the following 
tribute: "His valuable services in the Revolutionary period as a Surgeon . . 

and on the field at Bunker Hill, his fame as a physician in all the 

neighborhood round about Andover, his prominent part in the political his- 
tory, when the party feeling between the Federalists and Republicans, or 
Anti-Federalists was strong (he being a fearless and staunch Republican) 
his honourable influence as a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, 
make the name of Dr. Thomas Kittredge one of the most distinguished in 



19S THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

the County of Essex." She mentions the Kittredge Mansion which he built 
in 1784, "now the family residence. This at the time of its erection had n > 
equal for elegance in the Xorth Parish, and was only rivalled by the Mansion 
House of Judge Phillips in the South Parish. The Kittredge Mansion re- 
mains nearly unaltered from its original construction. The lofty ceilings. 
the great hall and broad staircase (a contrast to the small entry and winding 
narrow stairs of the great houses of the Colonial period) the heavy d\ - 
and ponderous brass knocker, the long avenue leading up from the front 
yard gate mark it as one of the stately homes of a yet courtly period, when 
even the most 'republican' and democratic in theory held, in respect to style 
of living and social customes, the aristocratic ideas of the Old Country tradi- 
tions." 

Regarding his service as a surgeon in the army, one writer states that 
"He had more natural skill than any other man in the country. A dignified 
and commanding gentleman, he- enjoyed unusual facilities for aiding the sick 
and wounded not only through his own wealth, which allowed him to procure 
many delicacies, but through the services of his brother-in-law Maj. Samuel 

Osgood, who was in charge of the department of supplies At the 

close of the Revolution Dr. Kittredge served a long term in the legislature. 
and his sterling character and fine intellect combined to make him one of the 
most valuable members of this learned body of men. The last act of his life 
was in keeping with the kindly traits that had always distinguished him, and 
made him generally beloved. He encountered at the roadway a man coming 
from afar, with yet many miles to go before his destination was reached. 
Noticing the wornout condition of the horse he rode, the doctor commanded 
the animal to be installed in his own barn and offered the stranger the use 
of one of his horses that he might continue on his way. The next morning 
the borrowed animal was returned, but the kindly master who had graciously 
loaned him was not present to note his return, having passed quietly away 
in his sleep during the night." His death occurred in October, ISIS. 

(The name of BENJAMIN FOSTER, "Surgeon of Frye's Mass. Regt. 
May to Dec. 1775," appears in the "Historical Register of the Officers of the 
Continental Army," but no such record can be found in the Massachusetts 
Archives, and it is evidently a mistake. See Benjamin Foster, Quartermas- 
ter of this regiment. ) 

/ (To be continued.) 



9 "1___ ^S>"- 















U 




dlKSi^*^ 






.j 






&3c 



rf?3TO&&J 



'-:-- --M^E^:^ S^Ssfe 




.-^-*«g^^&^ 




THE PROVINCE HOUSE 
As it appeared about 1840 



THE PROVINCE HOUSE 

BOSTON 



By R. A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D., LL.D. 



The Province House, — the august official residence of the former Royal 
Governors of Massachusetts, — has long since disappeared, but, fortunately, 
such records have been preserved as will enable us to sketch its history, — 
to restore its external appearance, and, in some degree to rehabilitate its 
interior. Around and within this magnificent mansion were concentred all 
the pageantry and pomp of the King's vice-royal Court in Boston; and al- 
though originally built and occupied as a private residence, it was admittedly 
well adapted for the more ambitious purposes which it served at a later 
period. 

The mansion was originally built by Peter Sergeant in 1679. Sergeant 
was a wealthy London merchant, who came to Boston in 1G67 and died here 
on February 8th, 1714. He was a man of considerable importance and had 
occupied many high official positions in the Province and in the town. Dur- 
ing the witch-craft trials he was a Judge in the Oyer and Terminer Court and 
was subsequently a member of the Governor's Council. 

The highest dignity conferred upon the Sergeant domicile happened, 
however, in 1699, when Lord Bellomont was appointed Governor of the 
Province. When the announcement of his appointment was communicated 
to the people of Boston, the Council notified his lordship, then in New York, 
that "the people were already praying for him," and, in his letter in reply he 
thanked them for their thoughtfulness and "doubted not but he had fared 
the better for their prayers, though now in severe pain by the gout!" 

Lord Bellomont arrived in great state, on May 26th, 1699, and was 
entertained at a grand banquet given at the famous Blue Anchor Tavern, 
which stood on the site of the "Globe" Building of today. Mr. and Mrs. 



200 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Sergeant invited his lordship, Lady Bcllomont and their suite to become 
temporary guests at their mansion, and their new quarters suited the Gover- 
nor and his party so well that when, some time afterwards, he politely asked 
if he might occupy the whole house, his host and hostess graciously and 
loyally consented, and moved into the nearest vacant dwelling, although it 
has been stated that the house was temporarily leased by the Boston Assembly 
for £100. While he was in possession, the famous pirate, Captain Kidd, fled 
thither to beg the Governor's protection, but was duly arrested by the Con- 
stables on Washington Street, in front of the mansion. Lord Bellomont, 
remained in Boston for only a little over a year, however, and, when he left, 
Sergeant took possession of his own home once more, but only for a short 
time, for in 1707, he married Lady Phips, widow of the former Governor, Sir 
William Phips, as his third wife, she also having been married twice previously. 
Sergeant moved into his bride's line house on the north corner of Salem and 
Charter Streets, and his former mansion was sold in 1700 to the Province, 
becoming the residence of the successive Royal Governors down to the Revo- 
lution, excepting Hutchinson, who had a fine dwelling of his own on the north 
corner of Garden Court Street and North Square. 

The Province House estate extended back from Washington Street, 
almost opposite the old South Meeting-House, nearly half-way to Tremont 
Street, and, in the rear of the house, included a fine garden and orchard. It 
was an elegant, spacious, and convenient building. It stood back some 
distance from the thoroughfare on a spacious lot, which extended in breadth 
about 100 feet, and backward for 300 feet, widening as it deepened. Under 
its new tenure a stable and coachhouse were built at the extreme rear of the 
land, now known as Province Court, and a driveway, paved with cobble- 
stones, was extended through to Washington Street, when there was a 
porter's lodge at the gate. At the western limit of the estate was another 
driveway^ to the stable, from both School Street and Rawson's Lane which 
was formerly called Governor's Alley;* but is now known as Province Street. 

The Province House was built of brick imported from Holland, and the 
walls were about two feet thick. The northern wall was clapboarded, prob- 
ably to protect it from the violence of fierce northern storms. The mansion 
itself was of three storeys, with a high gambrel roof, and a lofty cupola which 
was surmounted by ''Deacon Shem Drowne's master-piece," a copper-gilt 
American Indian with glass eyes, drawn bow and arrow, and elevated leg, 
serving as a weather-vane which remaineil in situ until about 1S45. 

*A. Corbett, Jr. 



THE PROVINCE HOUSE 201 

Before the house was a spacious lawn on which were planted two superb 
and stately oaks of unusual size which divided the grounds from the highway, 
and flowering shrubs ornamented the grounds, which were surrounded by an 
elegant fence with decorated pillars. "The wide court-yard," says Ellis,* 
"afforded a fine space for military evolutions at the reception of a dignitary 
standing upon the steps of the mansion." The stone steps leading to the 
splendid front door were guarded by a balustrade of wrought iron quaintly 
designed. Over this balustrade was a spacious balcony also balustered with 
iron work, similar in design to that below, and on the front of the balcony 
were wrought the initials of Mr. Sergeant and the date of building, thus, 
16 P. S. 79. 

Mr. Ellis says: "The interior was in keeping. A spacious hall, with easy 
stair-way, richly carved balustrades, panelled and corniced parlors, with deep- 
throated chimnies, furnishings, hangings, and all the paraphernalia of luxury 
were there."* 

Mr. Bynner thus paints the "Courtly functions" of Province House in its 
palmiest days: "The ready fancy may easily rear again the vanished walls and 
call back the old-time scenes of stately ceremonial, official pomp, or social 
gaiety, many a dinner, rout, or ball, where dames magnificent in damask or 
brocade, towering head-dress and hoop petticoat, — when cavaliers in rival 
finery of velvet or satin, with gorgeous waistcoats of solid gold brocade, with 
wigs of every shape, the tie, the full-bottomed, the ramillies, the albemarle, 
with glittering swords dangling about their silken hose, — where, in fine, the 
wise, the witty, gay and learned, the leaders in authority, in thought, and in 
fashion, the flower of old Provincial life, — trooped in full tide through the 
wainscotted and tapestried rooms, and up the grand old winding stair-case 
with its carved balustrades, and its square landing-places, to do honour to 
the hospitality of the martial Shute, the courtly Burnet, the gallant Pownall 
or the haughty Bernard."! 

Nathaniel Hawthorne visited the Province House about the middle of the 
XlXth Century when it was an inn, and in his "Twice Told Tales" will be found 
some very interesting remarks concerning it. Out of the entrance hall on one 
side, opened a spacious reception room. "It was," says Hawthorne, "in this 
apartment, I presume, that the ancient Governors held their levees with vice- 
regal pomp, surrounded by the military men, the Counsellors, the judges and 
other officers of the Crown, while all the loyalty of the Province thronged to 
do them honor . . . The most venerable ornamental object is a chimney- 

*Winser's Memorial History of Boston. 
fTopography and Landmarks of Provincial Period. 



202 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

piece set round with Dutch tiles of blue-figured China representing scenes from 
Scripture." 

"The great stair-case, however, may be termed without hyperbole a 
feature of grandeur and magnificence. It winds through the midst of the 
house by flights of broad steps, each flight terminating in a square landing- 
place, whence the ascent is continued towards the cupola. A carved balus- 
trade .... borders the stair-case with its quaintly-twisting and inter- 
twining pillars from top to bottom The cupola is an octagon 

with several windows, and a door opening upon the roof." 

From the great front window one stepped into the balcony where, in olden 
times, we can imagine the Viceroy occasionally showed himself to the people, 
if he did not address them, and where, amid exulting cheers, he acknowledged 
their loyalty in royal fashion, decked out in all the finery and grandeur which 
were so dear to the aristocrats of the Georgian period. 

Mrs. Napier Higgins, in "The Bernards of Abington and Xether Win- 
chendon," says: — ''There appears to be no contemporary account of its aspect 
in better days": and, as a matter of fact, there seems to have been but one 
authentic picture of the old Province House during its eventful history, and 
this was a sketch, made over seventy years ago, by Lossing, the historian of 
the Revolution. 

Perhaps the first official occupant of the Province House was Governor 
Shute, in 1716, as, during April in this year, the authorities purchased the 
mansion for the sum of £2,300, which was afterward augmented by appro- 
priations for repairs and improvements. The Royal Arms, elaborately carved 
and gilt, were set up above the doorway. This piece of carving was fortunately 
preserved, together with the Indian vane surmounting the cupola, during the 
general sack after the reading of the Declaration of Independence, and both 
may still be seen in- the Cabinet of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 
the Fenway. 

In a rather rare pamphlet, by Mr. A. Corbett, Jr., he says: — "General 
Howe's is generally supposed to have been the last hostile foot to have trod 
the ghostly halls of old Province House," — before embarking from Long 
Wharf, on March 17th, 1775. After the Revolution the old house was used 
chiefly for State offices, until the State House was built in 1796. It was then 
sold to a broker, named Peck, but in 1799, the State bought it back from him 
for $16,000, the sum he had paid for it. About 1S70, the land alone was 
valued at $75,000. The Commonwealth gave the property to the Massa- 
chusetts General Hospital; soon afterwards it was leased for 99 years to 
David Greenough for $33,000, a sum very much less than the annual income 



THE PROVINCE HOUSE 203 

at present. A number of buildings were afterwards erected in front of the 
house, and a row of houses was built on the north side of Province Court upon 
the orchard, garden, and stable lot in the rear. From 1817 to L835 there is 
no record of the purpose for which it was used, but, in the latter year, it was 
utilized as "The Province-House Tavern" by a man named Thomas Wait, 
and it was during this period that Hawthorne visited and described it in his 
"Legends of the Province House." Wait gave it up in 1851, when it was fitted 
up bv Dr. J. H. Ordway as a Concert-hall. Later, it became a theatre, and 
in 1S64, the whole interior was burnt out. It was soon afterwards "restored^" 
and used as a play-house until 1S70, — again utilized as a tavern from 1870 
until about 1SS9,* and now it is like a veritable rabbit-burrow of small trades- 
men — divided into tiers of small offices and workshops like cubicles; "Ichabod" 
might very appropriately be inscribed upon the debased aggregation which 
was once the Royal Province House. 
*A. Corbett, Jr. 



d>ritm£m $c (Sammntt 



on ^oo^ anti <$tliec <0ubject|J 



Mr. Stark Replies. 

The April number of the Massachusetts 
Magazine contains, under the Department 
of the American Revolution, criticisms and 
comments on my recently published work 
"The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the 
other side of the American Revolution." 

It is the "most biased and one-sided" 
criticism that has yet appeared. 

After going thoroughly through this 
voluminous work- of over 500 pages, Dr. 
Gardner discovers "three glaring discrep- 
ancies," which he says the author "in his 
mad rush to hurl darts at the Patriots, 
ssems to have overlooked." On pages 
57-8 we find the following: "There were 
brave and honest men in America who 
were proud of the great and free empire to 
which they belonged, who had no desire to 
shirk the burden of maintaining it, who 
remembered with gratitude that it was not 
colonial, but all English blood, that had been 
shed around Quebec and Montreal in de- 
fence of the colonies." Dr. Gardner says 
this statement is a gross perversion of his- 
tory. This statement shows how little Dr. 
Gardner knows of the subject on which he 
attempts to enlighten his readers. Park- 
man in his account of the capture of Que- 
bec, gives a list of the regiments and the 
number of men in each that was engaged in 
the battle; they were all English and 
Scotch, not a single Colonial regiment was in 
the battle on the Heights of Abraham. He 
gives as his authority Captain John Knox. I 
find that the only Colonials that Knox men- 
tions are Colonel William Stark's Rangers 
which General Wolfe used for scouting pur- 
poses. Captain Knox in his "Historical 



Journal," page 70, refers to them in the 
following manner: "The Royal Amei 
were then detached to the first ground we 
had formed on after we gained the he;, 
to preserve the communication with the 
beach and our boats." 

It was also the same at Montreal, the 
only Colonials there were the "Royal 
Americans," under Rogers and used tor 
scouting puq^oses. Both Rogers and Stark 
(eldest brother of Gen. John Stark) were 
loyalist leaders, afterwards in the Revolu- 
tion. 

Dr. Gardner says, "the most notable of 
the discrepancies in the book, is his avowed 
desire for international amity between 
Great Britain and America, and his con- 
tinued use of the poisoned dart, and the 
gall pot throughout his treatment of the 
subject in hand." Then he goes on to say, 
"We fully believe that Mr. Stark doec the 
American people a gross injustice when he 
mentions in his introduction the persistent 
ill will towards England." Then to prove 
that he is right, he mentions the fact that 
he had been approached within a few weeks 
by a prominent citizen of Massachusetts 
with the suggestion that a monument be 
erected on Boston Common to commemo- 
rate British valor as displayed by the sol- 
diers of the King in the American Revolu- 
tion. Xow why does not Dr. Gardner tell 
the truth, the whole truth, and nothing 
but the truth about this matter, or is it 
possible that he is ignorant of the subject 
on which he attempts to enlighten his 
readers. In fact, I had this matter in 
mind when I wrote the introduction to 
which Dr. Gardner offers such strong ob- 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



205 



jection. Now here are the facts of the case : 

In 1S09 the Victorian Club, the leading 
British organization in this city, desired to 
erect a monument in the central burving 
ground, adjacent to Boston Common, with 
the following'dnscription: "In memory of 
the British officers and soldiers who fell in 
the discharge of their military duties at the 
Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775." A 
storm of protests was sent to the mayor, and 
a hearing called at the mayor's office to 
protest against it. 

A perfect howl went up in the City Coun- 
cil, in which the most outrageous language 
was used, one councilman saying, "If I 
could have my way, and the bones of the 
British soldiers could be got at, I would have 
them dug up and cast into the sea." (See 
proceedings of the Boston City Council of 
Nov. 9, 1899.) Resolutions were passed 
by the council requesting the mayor to 
withdraw his approval. This occurred 125 
years after the battle, when all the partici- 
pants had long been dead, and both con- 
testants were of the same race, and blood, 
and Christians. 

There was such a strong opposition to it 
and threats made that the monument 
would be destroyed if erected that the Vic- 
torian Club abandoned the project and left 
it to the American people to do it. The 
Sons of the Revolution of Boston obtained 
a year later permission to erect a memorial 
to Gen. Montgomery from the Quebec City 
Council. When however, they were in- 
formed of the aforesaid proceedings of the 
Boston City Council the council thought 
differently. It was decided "It would be 
time to think of erecting a monument to 
Montgomery when one was erected in Bos- 
ton to the soldiers killed at Bunker Hill, 
and when the monument erected to Maj. 
Andre, that was destroyed, shall have been 
replaced." 

This was the reason, Dr. Gardner, why 
your "prominent citizen of Massachusetts" 
took the matter up, for several of the pa- 



triotic societies have been considering the 
subject of erecting this monument in 
order to be relieved from the stigma of be- 
ing governed by an alien race, for 1 will 
admit all this opposition came from the 
Irish. 

Compare this with what occurred with 
a people whom a short time ago we termed 
"half civilized." When Japan was asked 
permission by Russia to erect a monu- 
ment to the memory of their dead at Port 
Arthur, Japan not only readily acceded to 
it, but begged of Russia that she be allowed 
to erect the monument, and Russia, not to 
be outdone in generosity, consented to 
place the work entirely in the hands of 
Japan. At the dedication of the monu- 
ment it was participated in by both Rus- 
sian and Japanese troops, who had fought 
each other at Port Arthur. What a lesson 
this was to Boston, the center of Christian 
civilization on this continent. 

When the Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery of London visited Boston in 1903 ( 
they were entertained by the Victorian 
Club. It was announced to them at the 
banquet that the British residents of Bos- 
ton intended to erect a monument to the 
late Queen Victoria in some public place. 
This was cabled to the King, but when the 
time came to erect the monument the Vic- 
torian Club was met with a flat refusal from 
Trinity Church, the Public Library and 
King's Chapel; none of these societies would 
allow a marble bust of Queen Victoria to 
be placed on their premises. This the Irish 
had nothing to do with. Compare this 
with the erection of the Lincoln statue in 
Edinburgh and the Longfellow bust in 
Westminster Abbey. Also the beautiful 
avenue recently laid out in Paris, "Avenue 
King Edward the Seventh" which termin- 
ates in a square also named after the King, 
in the centre of which there is a splendid 
monument to the King. Is there any city 
in the United States that has so honored 
any British King or Queen, although we 



$&*<: 






206 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



are of the same race, language and religion? 
The unjust dislike that Americans have 
for the mother country was shown last 
summer at Plymouth in the incident that 
occurred leading to the rejection of the 
scheme to make the British flag part of the 
symbolism of the Society of Mayflower 
Descendants. This feeling is so uncalled 
for that there must be some cause for it. 
Edwin D. Mead says, "it is due to the lying 
school histories" and "our annual celebra- 
tions" one-fourth or one-half of all, which, 
he says, are devoted to keeping alive the 
memory of our old struggle with England, 
that tend to keep open old sores which 
ought to have healed long ago, and main- 
tain in certain circles an ill-will against 
England which has pernicious practical 
consequences. 

JAMES H. STARK. 

Ed. Note. — Dr. Gardner's rejoinder to 
this letter of Mr. Stark's will be found in 
the "Department of American Revolution" 
of this issue. 



Descendants of the Reverend Francis Hig^in- 
son, by Thomas Wentworth Higginson. 

This cloth-bound volume of sixty-eight 
pages is principally devoted to the geneal- 
ogy of the family bringing it down to date. 
This is a work that ought to have been 
done many years ago. The portrait of 
Rev. John Higginson is finely printed in 
photogravure as the frontispiece, but the 
script inscription under it is "Reverend 
Francis Higginson". There is no portrait 
of Francis Higginson known to be extant. 
"As Francis Higginson was the first "teach- 
er" in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, at 
Salem, and author of "New England Plan- 
tation" (1630), anything concerning him is 
important. 

The book is privately printed. 

S. P. 



Massachusetts Vital Records. 
The following is an alphabetical list of 
the town vital records published for the 
State, to date: 

Alford Med field 

Andover Medford 

Arlington Medway 

Ashburnham Methuen 

Athol Middlefield 

Auburn Middleton 

Barre Millbury 

Becket Montgomery 

Bedtord Xatick 

Bellingham Newton 

Beverly Xewbury 

Billenca Xewburyport 

Bolton North Brain tree 

Boxford Norton 

Bovlston Oakham 

Bradford Oxford 

Brewster Palmer 

Brooktield Pelham 

Charlton Peru 

Chilmark Petersham 

Dalton Princeton 

Danvers Phillipston 

Douglass Royalston 

Dover Rutland 

Dracut Saugus 

Dudley . Scituate 

Edgartown Shrewsbury 

Essex Sharon 

Foxboro Southboro 

Gardner Spencer 

Gill Sturbridge 

Grafton Sudbury 
Great Barrington Sutton 

Halifax Templeton 

Hamilton Tisburv 

Haverhill Topsfield 

Hinsdale Tyringham 

Holden Upton 

Holliston Walpole 

Hubbardston Waltham 

Ipswich Warren 

Lee Washington 

Leicester Way land 

Leominster Wenham 

Lexington Westboro 

Lincoln Westminster 

Lynn West Stockbridge 

Lynnfield Weymouth 

Maiden Williamstown 

Manchester Winchendon 

Marblehead Wrentham 
Marlboro 

The towns of Scituate. Weymouth, MarMehead. I.vnn. Bev- 
erly. Danverv. Wrentham. Newbury and Andover are larye aud 
make two volumes each- 



■ #m 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



207 



First Published History of Massachusetts. 

Among the many series now in course of 
publication there is none more appreciated 
by the historical student than the "Orig- 
inal narratives of early American history, 
reproduced under the auspices of the Am- 
erican Historical Association" under the 
general editorship of Prof. J. Franklin 
Jameson. Two works of special interest 
to us have already appeared: "Bradford's 
History of Plymouth Plantation", edited by 
W. T. Davis, and "Winthrop's Journal', 
by J. K. Hosmer, contemporary accounts of 
the founding of the Plymouth and Mass. 
Bay colonies, but not published till 1856 
and 1790 respectively. 

Now comes the ninth number of the 
series, "Johnson's Wonder-working prov- 
idence, 1628-1651", edited by Prof. Jame- 
son himself, 1910. 

The work has had a rather curious 
history, being first published anonymously 
in London in 1653 under title "A history 
of New-England, from the English plant- 
ing in the yeere 1628 until the yeere 1652". 
It was evidently a poor seller, for five 
years later the publisher, by a trick not 
unknown at the present day, used up his 
remainder as part III of a new work en- 
titled "America painted to the life", as- 
cribing it now to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, 
famous in American colonization. 

Captain Edward Johnson, whose author- 
ship was accepted by his contemporaries, 
though not apparently acknowledged by 
him. elf, was a member of Winthrop's com- 
pany in 1630, an early resident of Charles- 
town and the leading spirit in Woburn 
from its settlement in 1640 till his death 
in 1672. He was a man of intelligence, 
but a Puritan of Puritans, narrow, ortho- 
dox and intolerant; and perhaps the chief 
value of his book today is the insight it 



gives of the Puritan spirit. It covers the 
important period of the Pequot war and is 
especially full in its treatment of the 
plantation of the older towns of Mass. 

It was reprinted in the 2d series of the 
"Collections" of the Mass. Historical So- 
ciety in 1814-1819, and again separately 
in a limited edition by W. F. Poole in L867, 
both times without annotation. 

The value of the present edition lies in 
its admirable foot-notes, particularly de- 
sirable in a text so full of obscurities and 
typographical and other errors. C. A. F. 



Genealogy of the Ancestors and Descendants 

of John White of Wenham and 

Lancaster, Mass., 1574-1000, by 

Almira Larkin White. Vol. IV. 

This volume completes Miss White's ex- 
haustive work on this family, and many 
years of continuous and conscientious labor. 
This is the smallest of the four volumes, 
and contains mu:h miscellaneous, interest- 
ing and valuable matter, especially regard- 
ing the English home of John White, South 
Petherton, a view of the town and the 
parish church being given. This volume 
contains two hundred and ten pages and 
is bound in cloth. S. P. 



John Darby of Marblehead, Mass., and His 
Descendants, by Samuel Carroll Derby, 
Columbus, Ohio, 1010. 
This is a pamphlet of only seven pages, 
but the pages are large and closely printed 
and four generations of the descendants of 
John Darby (or Derby, as the name was 
later spelled) are included. Professor Derby 
is preparing a fuller account of the family, 
and this is printed and circulated to pre- 
serve this information and to invite cor- 
rection and further data. S. P. 




tkrirosami planter. 

*** 1620-1630 o ^"^ 

Lucie M. Gardner. A. D.. EUi.tor. 



5 



. 



Societies 



MAYFLOWER SOCIETY. 

Membership, Confined to Descendants of the May- 
flower Passengers. 

Governor — Aba P. French. 
Deputy Governor — John Mason Little. 
Captain — Edwin S. Crandon. 
Elder — Rev. George Hodges, D. D. 
Secretary — George Ernest Bowman. 
Treasurer — Arthur I. Nash. 
Historian — Stanley W. Smith. 
Surgeon — William H. Prescott, M. D. 
Assistants — Edward H. Whore. 

Mrs. Leslie C. Wead. 

Henry D. Forres. 

Mrs. Annie Qcinct Emery. 

Lorenzo D. Baker, Jr. 

Miss Mary E. Wood. 

Miss Mary F. Edson. 



THE OLD PLANTERS SOCIETY. 

Incorporated. 

Membership Confined to Descendants of Settlers 

in New England prior to the Transfer of the 

Charter to New England in 1630. 

President — Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson 

Cambridge 
Vice Pres. — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Salem. 
Secretary — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 
Treasurer — Frank V. Wright, Salem. 
Registrar — Mrs. Lora A. W T . Underbill, 

Brighton. 
Councillors — Samuel F. Wolcott. Saljm 

R. W. Sprahce, M. D., Boston. 

Hon. A. P. Gardner, Hamilton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brooeline. 

Francis H. Lee, Salem. 

Col. J. Granville Leach, Phila. 

Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plain. 

Joseph A. Torrey, Manchester. 

Edward O. Skelton. Roxbcry. 



Planters Outing, Salem Willows, 

June 20, 1910. 

A gathering of the members of the var- 
ious family associations of the descendants 
of men who came to Xew England in the 
Planters period lf.20-30 was held as above 
stated upon invitation of the Old Planters 
Society. Arrangements were male by a 



joint committee composed of members of 
the various family organizations. 

A large and successful meeting resulted. 
The members and their frien<: / all 

through the forenoon, dined at the van 
restaurants or partook of basket lunches. 

The exercises were held in the u: • 
hall of the pavilion, tables being arranged 
around the sides of the hall under tablets 
inscribed with the names Roger Conant, 
Thomas Gardner. John Balch, John Wood- 
bury and William Allen, the Planters 
whose descendants have formed family 
organizations. Other tables were used by 
The Old Planters Society and the publish- 
ers of the Massachusetts Magazine. 

The speaker's desk was adorned with a 
new Old Planters Society flag — the seal of 
the society in dark blue on a colonial blue 
field. 

Dr. Frank A. Gardner, Vice President of 
the Old Planter's Society, presided and 
seated with him upon the platform were 
prominent members of the various families 
and delegates from other historical soc- 
ieties. 

Dr. Gardner opened the meeting with 
the following address: — 

"Ladies and Gentlemen, Members of the 
Planter Family Associations and Friends: 
"It is a great pleasure I assure you, to 
address an audience composed so largely 
of the descendants of the men who sailed 
into this harbor in 1626 and began the 
settlement of the historic citv of Salem. 

"We have every right to be proud of 
the deeds of these'heroic men, who in the 
face of great dangers, hardships and priv- 
ations, held their ground upon the shores 
of these inlets and rro» ed to the anxiously 
waiting friends in England, that a success- 
ful settlement could be made here. 

"The account of the first landing of 
these men at Cape Ann under the author- 
itv of the Dorchester Company of England, 
of their transfer under the guidance of 
Roger Conant to this locality, then known 
as Xaumkeag.of their planting and fishing 
here for twoVears before Endicott came in 
1628 with his' little group of men sent out 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



209 



by the London Company, purchasers of 
the rights of the Dorchester men, and of 
the larger Higginson-Skelton migration in 
1629, has been given in detail in the pub- 
lications of the Old Planters Society, and 
it will be unnecessary for us to repeat the 
story here. We must however again em- 
phasize the importance of the work which 
these men performed, as it made possible 
the great migration which came under 
Winthrop in 1630. 

"John Winthrop with his large company 
was much like the commander of an army, 
who after a district has been conquered 
by fighters of minor rank, who have en- 
dured hunger and sickness and privations 
of all kinds to win, comes in at the head of 
a host of well equipped followers and 
takes possession. So overpowering has 
been the personality of Winthrop in the 
minds of some historians of the Old Bay 
State, that they have in the past over- 
looked the invaluable work done by these 
real pioneers and commenced the history 
of Massachusetts Bay with the landing of 
Winthrop. 

"All this has changed however in a 
marked degree, and it is a source of satis- 
faction to the workers in the Old Planters 
Society, that they have had an active 
hand in bringing about this educational 
reform. We feel therefore that we are 
here today in the interest of historical 
truth and that we have a motive of the 
highest order in thus coming together. 
This is an age of great activities and var- 
ied interests. Men have many more calls 
upon their time than they can respond 
to, and unless we are able to prove that 
a given object is worthy of our highest 
efforts we will fail to secure the co-opera- 
tion of active and energetic men and 
women. 

"This thought leads the speaker to re- 
view briefly the motives of workers in 
historical lines. The historian who is true 
to his trust, should have but one omni- 

f)resent and overpowering ambition name- 
y, .to portray the deeds of the past faith- 
fully and in their true light, without prej- 
udice or the distortion which partisan bias 
invariably gives. The fact that some pre- 
vious writer has given an unjust review of 
the doings of men in a given period of the 
nation's life, is no excuse for the produc- 
tion of a book, which with equal injustice 
distorts in the opposite direction. One of 
he most notorious examples of this form 



of so-called history is the recent prod;: 
of James II . Stark. — "The Loya 
Massachusetts", which we hope w.ll do 
good as the '"horrible example' of bi I ed 
writing. 

"It is of course manifestly impossible 
for thinking men and women to draw the 
same conclusions from the facts of history 
or place the same relative value upon the 
importanoe of these events, but the 
endeavor to learn from authoritative 
sources all that is possible to know about 
men and their deeds, and having learned 
these facts, present them to the reading 
public in their true light. 

"It is only a question of time when all 
biased and one-sided works will be relegated 
to the second place and the true recor i. 
the unbiased and unprejudiced estimate 
of the men and deeds of a given perio 1, 
will be accepted as the history upon which 
students will rely." 

Dr. Gardner then introduced Mr. Sidnev 
Perley of Salem who told of the location 
of the colony when it came from Cape 
Ann to Salem. He spoke of the probable 
location of the house of Roger Conant in 
Massey's Cove, near the foot of Conant 
street.' Evidence all shows that the 
Planters settled on North River. They 
settled in the cove near the foot of March 
street. A road led from there to the 
Planters Marsh. They lived there until 
Endicott came, when they moved to the 
section near the present tunnel. Dr. C. 
J. H. Woodbury of Lynn was the next 
speaker. He gave a verv interesting 
sketch of the life of John Woodbury, one 
of the most efficient forces in the forming 
of the early colony. He spoke also of the 
general characteristics of the family which 
has included many frugal and' indus- 
trious citizens. His address will be pub- 
lished in full in a later number of the 
Massachusetts Magazine. 

Dr. Galusha B. Balch, of Yonkers, X. 
Y., president of the Balch Family Associ- 
ation spoke briefly for the Balch family, 
expressing a desire that the old house 
erected by John Balch in 163S might be 
to preserved It is the only house now 
standing which was built and occupied 
by an Old Planter. 

'Mr. Frank S Conant of Oakham spoke 
as the representative of the Roger Co- 
nant Family Association. He toll of the 
courage and decision of character which 
induced Roger Conant to remain here even 



jit;. •? 



' 



210 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



when the odds were against him. 

Mr. Albert H. Lamson of Elkins, X. H. 
was the next speaker. He is secretary of 
the Piscataqua Pioneers of Portsmouth, an 
organization made up of descendants of 
those who settled on both sides of the Pis- 
cataqua River. 

• Dr. Frank S. Woodbury of Wakefield 
spoke for the New Hampshire branch of 
the Woodbury Family. 

At the conclusion of the addresses, a 
motion was made by Dr. Galusha B. 
Balch that a triennial meeting be held of 
the Old Planters Society and the Planter 
Family organizations, to be called by the 
Old Planters Society, the place of meeting 
to be left to the Council of the Old Plan- 
ters Society. 

After adjournment at four o'clock, 
motor boats were taken for a harbor trip 
along the North Shore and up the Bass 
and Danvers Rivers, where many sites of 
historical interest were viewed. 

The meeting was successful and enjoy- 
able and the attendance large and repre- 
sentative. It is expected that through 
the efforts of the Old Planters Society, 
organizations of other families dating back 
to that period will have been perfected be- 
fore the meeting in 1913. 



jfamilg Bssoctations 



BALCH FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of John B'llch. \Vrt*aQu**rt 1623; 
Cape Ann, 1624; Salem, 1626; Ben \y, 1636 

President — Galcsha B. Balch, M. I> , 

V0NKKH\ N. Y. 

Vice Pres. — George W. Bklch, Dktroit. 

Joseph B. BaLCH, UEDHAM. 

Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plaint. 

Gardner P. Balch, Weot K< XBCEY. 

Harry H. Coffix, Brookuxe. 

Maj. H. H.Clay. Gaxesbcho, [11. 

John Balch, Milton 

William H. Balch, Stonehasl 

Alfred C. Bat.ch, Phil v. 

E. T. Stone, Someryille. 
Secretary — William Lincoln Balch, Bosto.s. 



ROGER CONANT FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

Descendants of Rnner Conant, Plymouth, 1622; 
Nantaske!, 1624-6; Cape Ann. 1626; 
Salem, 1626; Beverly, 163a. 

President — Samuel Morris Conant, Pawtucket. 
Sec'y & Treas. — Charles Milton Conant, Button. 
Chaplain — Rev. C. A. Conant, \V. Albany, N. Y. 
Executive Committee 

Hamilton S. Conant, Boston. Chairman. 

W. E. Conant, Littleton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brookline. 

Dr. Wm. M. Conant, Boston. 

Charles A. Conant, New York. 

Edward D. Conant. Nf.wton. 

Frederick Odk.ll Conant, Portland, Me. 

Francis Ouf.r Conant, Brookhaven, Miss. 

Henry E. Conant, Concord, N. H. 

Clarissa Conant, Danvers. 

John A. Conant, Willimantic. Conn. 

Charlotte H. Conant, Natick. 

Chas. Bancroft Conant, Newark. N. J. 



A Continuation of the Genealogical Dictionary of Esses 



inty Families, compiled until 



Oct., 1909, by Siduey Perley, Esq., in Hie £ s -ex Antl.juariau. 

iffamxly (Smalngfes 

LUCIE MARION GARDNER, A.B., Editor 

Eseex wu the first county settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and all the record.- of »-arlr Manachtinetta familie* 

found in the probate, court and town records of this county prior to the year l«u9 are gathered 

and published here in alphabetical form, and arranged penealogicaUy when powibU. 



BURBECK NOTES. 

Aaron Burbeck of Salem served on 
ship "Jack", privateer, commanded by 
Capt. Nathan Brown; list dated July i, 
1780, age 26 yrs.; stature 5 ft. 62 in., com- 
plexion, light; residence Salem — Mass. S. 
and S. in Rev. War, Vol. 11, p. 817. 

Miss Jane Burbeck m. Ebenezer Little, 
both of Newburyport, Aug. 1783. 

Abigail Burbeck m. Samuel Noyes, Jr., 
Jan. 2, 1787. — Newburyport Vital Records. 



BURBEE, BURBEY OR BURKBE, 
BURKBIE, BURKLEY. 

1. 

Thomas Burkbe *was a resident of 

Rowley. He m. first Martha who 

was buried June 25, 1658. He m. second, 
Sarah Kelle at Rowley, Apr. 15, 1659. 
She d. Dec. 25, 1713. 

Children by his first wife, born at 
Rowley: 

2 — i. Hannah 2 , b. Jan. 1655. 

3 — ii. John 2 , b. 9 m. 16, 1656. 

4— iii. Sarah 2 , b. 3 m. 21, 1658; bur. Feb. 
2, 1660. 

Children by his second wife, born at 
Rowley: 

5 — fv. Sarah 2 , b. 12 m. 15, 1660; m. Sam- 
uel Spofford, Dec. 5, 1676. 

6— v. Thomas 2 , b. 10 m. 25, 1663. See 
below 6. 



6. 

Thomas Burkbe 2 , lived in Rowley and 
m. Esther . He d. June 24, 1709. 



Children born in Rowley: 

7 — i. Jeremiah 3 , b. Oct. 27, 1601; m. at 
Rowley, Nov. 3, 1714. Rebecca 
Jewett. 
8 — ii. Sarah 3 , b. Dec. 15, 1692; d. Dec. 13, 

1702. 
9 — iii. Esther 3 , b. Mar. 13, 1693-4. 
10 — iv. Thomas 1 , b. Oct. 31, 1695. 
11 — v. Ebenezer 3 , b. Jan. 8, 1607-8. 
12 — vi. Jonathan 3 , b. Dec. 7, 1699. 
13 — vii. David 3 , b. Nov. 27, 1701. 
14 — viii. Hannah 3 , b. Dec. 15, 1703. 
15 — ix. Nathan 3 , b. Jan. S, 1704-5. 
16 — x. Sarah 3 , b. May 20, 1707. 
17 — xi. Samuel 3 , b. Mar. 17, 1708-9. 

Mary Burkbee and Samuel Dresser m. 
at Rowlev May 13, 1700. E. I. Hist. 

vol. vi, P . 73 : 

Martha Sadler, alias Burbie of Salis- 
bury gave testimony 14:4:1653. 



BURCH. 



3— ": 

4 — iii. 



George Burch 1 , of Salem, wife Eliza- 
beth, had children as follows: 

2 — i. Mary , 9 m. 30, 1659; d. 12 m. 20, 
1661. 
Elizabeth 2 , b. June 4, 1662. 
John 2 , b. May 28, 1664. 
Mary 2 , b. 7 m. 26, 1667; m. Dec. 3, 

16S8, John Collins. 
Abigail 2 , b. Aug. 16, 1669. 
7 — vi. George 2 , b. Apr. 27, 167 1. 

George Senior d. Aug. 1, 1672, and 

his wife, Elizabeth was appointed 

Admx., Sept. 22, 1672. His house 

lot in 1659 was described in^ the 

Essex Antiquarian. Vol. IX, ip. 

122. 

James Burch 1 , a resident of Ipswich 

and Rachel Farnum of Andover, were m 

at Andover, Oct. 17, 1754. Their child, 



212 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Robert Warren Burch, was bap. Jan. 30, 
1759, at Wenham. He may have been 
the same James Burch mentioned below 
as James Burch of Topstield who "died 
from home in ye army 1760." 

Robert Warren Burch 2 , son of James 
Burch, was bap. in Wedham, Jan. 30, 
1757. He was a private in Capt. Richard 
Dodge's Company, Lieut. -Col. Loammi 
Baldwin's Regiment, May 1, 1775 and 
served through the year. In 1777, he was 
in Capt. Abraham's Child Company. Col. 
Wesson's 9th Regiment, Mass. Line. He 
was in Capt. Dix's Company, Col. Michael 
Jackson's 8th Reg. Mass. Line in 17S1. 
At that time his age was twenty-two years, 
statue, 5 ft, 10 in., complexion dark, hair 
black; occupation fanner. Dec. 25, 1783, 
he m. Jane Crombie at Ipswich. 

Children: 

3 — i. Jeremiah 3 , bap. Ipswich, Nov. 19, 
1786. 

4 — ii. Sally 3 , bap. Ipswich, May, 20, 17S7. 

James Burch 1 , of Topsheld, was a 
husbandman. He "died from home in 
ye army 1760." (See James Burch of 
Ipswich, above.) 

Upon the Lexington alarm he marched 
as a private in Capt. Samuel Flint's Com- 
pany Minute Men, Col. Timothy Pickering 
Jr. 's Regiment. He was in Capt. Ebenezer 
rancis's, Col. John Mansfield's 19th Reg- 



iment later in 1 



he was in 



Capt. Daniel Pillsbury's Company, Col. 
Edward Wigglesworth's 13 th Regiment 
Mass. Line and in 17S0 in Lieut. Col. Cal- 
vin Smith's 13th Regiment Mass. Line. 

2 — James who was aged 15 yrs. when 

his guardian was appointed Apr. 
4, 1770. 

3 — Jedediah, bap. May 6, 1759; d. 

May 29, 1759. 

William Burch was appointed commis- 
sioner by His Majesty, Sept. 8, 1707. E. 
H. I. His. Col. Vol. 11, pp. 172, 173, 176. 

Sarah Burch, dau. of James and Sarah' 
was b. Feb. 9, 1727-8. Manchester Vital 
Records. 

Sarah Burch, dau. of James, "in full 
communion with the new North Church, 



Boston" bap. Jan. 1, 1726-^7). Man- 
chester Church Records. 

Bridget Burch, m. Cyrus Davis, June 
1, 1779- C. R. $,— Ipswich Vital 

Records. 

Sarah Burch and Benjamin Bailey 
(Baley of Middleton, intent.), m. Dec. 8, 
1748. First Congregational Church. — 
Lynn field Vital Records. 

Sarah Burch and Thomas Fiske. both 
of Wenham, were m. at Salem, Dec. 8, 
174S. — Salem Vital Records. Wenham 
Vital Records. 



BURCHAL. 



Hen. Burchal was a member of First 
Church, Salem before 1637. — Essex Int. 



BUCHAM,OR BURCHUM, BURCHE, 

BURCHAM, OR BURCHUM, 

BURCHER. 

Edward Burcham came in the k 'Anne" 
in 1623 to Plymouth. A lot was assigned 
to him for two persons according to C. H. 
Pope in his "Pioneers of Mass." The 
land formerly his was referred to in 1648. 
He removed to Lynn where he was a pro- 
prietor as early as 163S. He later re- 
moved to Salem. He was made a freeman 
31st of the rirst month, 1640, and was 
sworn in as constable on that date. 
He served as juror in that year, and also 
in 1643, 1644, 1646, 1647, 1649, l6 5°> 
1651, 1652, and on the grand jury in 1650 
and 165 1. He was a witness in the court 
in 1645, 1649, 1 ^>5°- He was paid for the 
coffin and grave of Margaret Pease, 30th 
of the 10th month, 1645. On the 21st 
10th month, 1646. he took inventory on 
the estate of Francis Lightfoot. He was 
called "of Lynn" in various documents as 
late as 1661. On the 27th of the 4th 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



213 



month, 1648, he was appraiser of the estate 
of David Ingols of Lynn. 

He proved the will of Edmund Lewis, 
25th of 1 2th month, 1650. He was chosen 
and sworn as clerk of the band of Lynn 
(Essex Antiquarian, Vol. 7, p. 129), and 
took an inventory of the estate of George 
Coales of Lynn. He proved the will of 
William Tilton of Lynn, and an inventory 
was taken 16th of the 2nd month, 1653. 
He appraised the estate of Joseph How of 
Lynn, 8th of the 1st month, 1650-1, and 
was appraiser of the estate of George 
Burrill of Lynn, 2 1-4- 165 4. Nov. 10, 
1655, he" was a witness in the Norfolk 
court. May 18, 1682, a lot of land in 
Lynn of the estate of Edward Burcham 
was sold by William Hawkins and wife 
Anna of Boston. Apr. 11, 1794, Zachar- 
iah Goodale and wife Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Edward Burcham (Beecham), 
late of Lynn, sold a lot of land in Salem 
near Ipswich River. He at one time 
owned a lot of land in ''Redding" adjoin- 
ing the land of Thomas and Anthony 
Newhall. 



BURCHMORE. 

Zachariah Burchmore 1 , was a mari- 
ner in Salem. He m. Apr. 26, 1723, Alary 
Glover, dau. of Jonathan Glover of Salem, 
housewright, Apr. 24, 1724. He bought 
land which had been granted to John 
Home and sold it, Oct. 14, 1732. to Abra- 
ham Cabot. He bought land on the "new 
lane" of Nathaniel Rogers, Aug. 2, 1728. 
They sold their rights in the common pas- 
ture in Stone's Plain. Mch. 14, 1736, and 
in the following year sold rights in the 
division of the common lands in Salem. 
He died before 1742. The widow sold 
land to her brother, Joseph Glover, fisher- 
man, Nov. 4, 1746. She conveyed to 
John Leach, shipwright and others "all 
her mansion house, etc." bounded north 



on Egg's Lane. She was one of the pro- 
prietors of the '"land on which the meet- 
ing-house latelv burnt stood," 

Child: 

2 — i. Zachariah. See below. 



Zachariah Burchmore 2 , m. Apr. 26, 

1723, Hannah . They sold land in 

Salem, Mch. 29, 1749. Judgment was 
recovered against him Oct. 6, 1753. 

Children: 

5 — i. Zachariah. See below. 

4 — ii. John, b. about 1751. See below. 



3. 



Zachariah Burchmore 3 , m. Sarah 
Daniels. He was a merchant and master 
mariner in Salem. He commanded the 
privateer brigantine "Hector" of 
Beverly and Boston in 1777. He was 
a private in Capt. Flagg's Company in 
the Rhode Island sen-ice in 177S. They 
sold land in Salem May 28, 1795. and in 
1799. He was buried May 16, 1S07. 

Child: 

5 — i. Sarah, m. Feb. 3, 1S01, Joseph 
Ropes, son of David and Ruth 
Ropes. 

Probably others. 



John Burchmore 3 , was born about 
1751. He m. in Salem July 4. 1779, 
Bern'. He was a master mariner. He 
was commander of the privateer brigan- 
tine **Murr" in 17S0. In 17S0 his age was 
29 years, stature 5 ft. 7 in., complexion 
light. He commanded the privateer 
sloop "Titus" in 1783. In 1800, he was 
master of the ship "Man". He sold to 
his brother Zachariah his share in his 
father's house, Dec. 16, 1783. 



214 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



NOTES. 

Hannah L. Burchmore, d. Aug. 8, 1843 
ae. 57 years. 

Mary Burchmore, d. Nov., 182 1, ae. 
61 years. 

Elizabeth Burchmore m. John Ha- 
thorne Jr., Oct. 3, 1S09. 

Man- Burchmore m. Hazen Chamber- 
lain Nov. 8, 18 1 2. 

Polly Burchmore m. John Foster, Aug. 

3> I 794- 

Stephen Burchmore m. Hannah Dur- 
ham, Apr., 1S06. — Salem Vital Records. 



BURCHSTEAD, BURCHSTED. 



1. 



Dr. Henry Burchstead 1 , was a Ger- 
man physician who came from Silesia 
about 1685 -and settled in Lynn. He m. 
Apr. 24, 1690, Man' (Whiting?) Kirtland 
and d. Sept. 20, 1721, ae. 64 yrs. He left 
£40 for "furnishing the tables of the Lord 
in the church of Christ." His gravestone 
bears the following inscription: — 
"Silesia to New England sent this man 
To do their all as any healer can 
But he who conquers all diseases must 
Send one who throws him down into the 

dust. 
A chymist near to an adeptist come 
Leaves here, thrown by his caput mor- 

tuum. 
Reader, physicians die as others do 
Prepare, for thou to this art hastening, 

too." 

Children: 
. 2 — i. Henry, b. about 1690. See below. 

3 — ii. John, b. about Oct. 1704; d. Mch. 
12, 1704-5, ae about 6 mos. 

4. 

Dr. Henry Burchstead 2 , lived in 
Lynn opposite the house of Moll Pitcher. 



He was b. about 1600. He m. fir-t. in 
1713 (int. dated Sept. 12). Sarah James, 
dau. of Capt. Benjamin James. She d. 
Feb. 8, 1727, ae. 37 vrs. He m., second. 
May 20, 172S, Anna Alden, wi<l., of 
Captain John Alden of Bo-ton. She 
was b. a Braeme. He was appointed Sov. 
*7i 1 735, guardian of Benjamin. John 
and Anna Alden, children of Capt. J-^hn 
Alden, Jr., deceased. He died March 31, 
1755 in his 65th year. His widow, Anna, 
married June 4, 1765, Ralph Lindsey. 
Children by his first wife, Sarah: 
4 — i. John Henry', b. about May, 17 14; 
d. July 17, 1 7 14, ae 2 mos. 

5 — i. John Henry 3 , b. See below. 

6 — iij. Henry 2 , ; m. Lynn, Jan. 7. 1741- 

2, Anna Potter, dau. of Capt. Benj. 

Potter. 

7 — iv. Elizabeth 3 , m. Feb. 19, 1756; 

Jonathan Mansneld of Salem, 

blacksmith. 

8 — v. Katherine 3 , m. July 1, 1756, John 

Richards, Gent. 
9 — vi. Benjamin Bream 3 . See below. 
10 — vii. Sarah 3 , m. July 19, 1759, Samuel 
Brimblecom, jr. 
Children by second wife, Anna: 
11 — viii. Bream, b. 1729; d. Dec. 9, 1732, aged 

3 yrs. 7 mos. 
12 — ix. Anna, m. Samuel Burrill. 
13 — x. Mary', m. David Xewhall. She d. be- 
fore 1752. Her father Dr. Burch- 
stead was appointed guardian of 
her children David and Mary Aug. 

15. l 75 2 - 
14 — xi. Joanna, m. May 25, 1762 Joseph 

Strieker. (Storker priv. rec.) : 
15 — xii. Rebecca. , 

5. 

John Hexry Burchstead 3 . was a 
housewright in Marblehead. He m. in 
1759, Lydia Turner. The Marblehead 
Record gives the date as Feb. 22, 1759 and 
her name Furness. 
Children: 

16 — i. John 4 , bap. Feb. 17, 1760. 

17 — ii. Henry 4 , bap. Apr. 19, 1761. See 
below. 

18 — iii. John 4 , bap. May 8, 1763. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



19 — iv. Lydia 4 , bap. July 22, 1764. 

20 — v. Ann, bap. Dec. 14, 1766. 

21 — vi. Sarah, bap. July 9, 1769. The 

above were all baptized in the 

Second Congregational Church in 

Marblehead. 
22 — vii. Hanna (h), bap. Oct. 13, 1771, First 

Church, Marblehead. 



9. 



Dr. Benjamin Bream Burchstead 3 , 
was a physician in Lynn. He m. Apr. 3, 
1760, Elizabeth Skellin. He was a private 
in Capt. Farrington's second Lynn Com- 
pany, April 19, 1775. He d. in 1785. 
Letters of administration were granted to 
his widow, Sept. 6, 17S6. Inventory re- 
turned Sept. 5, 1791 amounted to -£356:13: 
8. 

Children: 
23 — i. Elizabeth 4 , b. Jan. 25, 1761. 
24 — ii. Anna 4 , b. June 9, 1762; d. 1794. 
25 — iii. Henry Tudor 4 , b. Feb. 19, 1764, 

was a felt maker in Boston. 
26 — iv. James Tyler 4 , b. Feb. S, 1766; d. 
1816; m. in Lynn in 1796, Anna 
Sargent. 
27 — v. Ruth 4 , bap. July 26, 1767; m. Jan. 

10, 1787, Thomas Hitchins. 
28 — vi. Sarah 4 , bap. June 4, 1769. 
29 — vii. Hepzibah 1 , bap. Sept. 29, 1771. 
30 — viii. Sarah 4 , bap. Mch. 21, 1773. 
31 — Lx. Joanna 4 , bap. July 16, 1775. 
32 — x. Mary 4 , bap Mch. 16, 1777. 
33— xi. Lucy 4 , bap. June 13, 1779. 



17. 



Henry Burchstead 4 , bap. Apr. 19, 
1761, in the Second Congregational 
Church of Marblehead, m. Marblehead, 
Dec. 3, 1785, Anna Bedford. 

Child: 
34 — i. Henry 5 , bap. Sept. 3. 1786. 



Henry Burchstead 1 , b. about 1742, 
m. in Lynn, May 8, 1766, Elizabeth 
(Fowle) Xewhall. He was a Sergeant in 
Capt. Rufus Mansfield's Lynn Company 



Apr. 19, 1775. His wife, Elizabeth, d. 

Sept. 18, 1S09, ae. 77 yrs. 9 tnos. He d. 
Nov. 20, 1823, ae. 81 yrs. S mos. 

Children: 

2 — i. HENRY 8 , bap. Aug. 9, 1767. Died 
young. 

3 — ii Frederick 5 , bap. June 15, 1769 
See below. 

4 — iii. Henry", b. 177 1. See below. 

5 — iv. Anna*, bap. Dec. 8, 1.77 1. 

6 — v. Benjamin-, bap. Sept. 26, 1774. 



Frederick 1 , bap. June 15, 1769, m. 
in Lynn, 1806, Susanna Richardson. He 
d. Feb. 18, 1S14, ae. 45 yrs. 

Children: 

7 — i. Henry Frederick 3 , b. Nov. 5, 1803 
8 — ii. Anna 1 , b. Nov. 17, 1S11. 



Henry Burchstead 2 , b. 1771, m. Xov. 
18, 1 791, Joanna Xewhall, dau. of Eben- 
ezer and Hannah (Larrabee) Xewhall. 
He d. Mch. 9, 1S07. She d., his widow, 
June 16, 1818. 

Henry Burchstead m. in Beverly, Aug. 
10, 1783, Esther Smith. 
Children: 

Henry, b. about 17S9, bur. July 15, 
1809, aged 25 years, having been 
killed by a fall from a masthead. 
Lydia, m. Sept. 8, 1810, JohnGavitt. 
Job, b. Oct. 30, 1802. 

NOTES. 

Nancy Burchsted and Benjamin Twist 
(Twiss in intention) m. Dec. 29, 1791. — 
Beverly Records. 

Mrs. Annie Burchstead and James 
Morgan of Hudson, m. int. May 22, 1785. 
— Lynn Records. 

Anna Burchsted and John Legory 
Johnson married Sept. 11, 1791. — Lynn 
Records. 

Joanna Burchstead and Jos (eph) Wil- 
liston m. 1795. — Lynn P. R. 77. 



216 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Joanna Burchstead and William Far- 
rington of Salem m. int. Dec. 28, 1S00. — 
Lynn Records. 

Mary Burchstead (Mrs. Polly P. R. 6) 
and Benjamin Gray, Jr., m. Aug. 14, 
1766. — Lynn Recocds. 

Rebecca Burchstead and William Clark 
of Marblehead m. Apr. 14, 1757. — Lynn 
Records. 



BURD. 



John Burd of Marblehead deposed 
June, 1665 in the Essex Co. Court that 
his age was about 30 yrs. 



BURDEN, BURDING, ETC. 

Benjamin Burden of Rhode Island and 
Ruth Peasely m. int. Haverhill, 19th 12th 
mo. 1729-30. 

Robert Burdin, of had a wife 

Hannah who was the dau. of William 
Witler whose will was dated 1659. — E. I. 
H. C, Vol. 1, p. 95. 

John Burdean and Elizabeth Goodwin 
were married Jan. 6, 1729-30 in St. 
Michael's Church, Marblehead. 

John Burden, son of John and Abial 
bap. Apr. 12, 1730, St. Michael's Church, 
Marblehead. 

Joseph Burdeen, of Marblehead, was a 
private in Capt. Moses Hart's Company, 
Col. Paul Dudley Sargent's Regiment, en- 
listed May 1, 1775. — Mass. S. and S. in 
Rev. War, Vol. 2, p. 8, 22. 

John Burden and wife Abigail con- 
veyed to John Moulton interest in the 
estate of our father, John Moulton, Mav 
6, 1777— £- Co. R- £>., Vol. 135, p. 58. 

Joseph Burden and Lydia Collins m. 
Mch. 1748. — Lynn Records. 

William Burden or Burding and Sarah 
Palmer were married in Salem, Jan. 24, 
1790. Their son William was born in 
Salem, Nov. 17, 1790. She conveyed 



many lots of land and rights in Salem be- 
tween 1797 and 1S04 to Sarah Hat 
Stephen Osborn, Ebenezer Smith, William 
Fabens, James Boardman and oilier-. 



BURDETT, BIRDETT, BIRDITT, 
ETC. 

Mr. George Burdett was made a free- 
man in Salem in 1634. He was granted 
lots in the latter year, beyond "Endi- 
cott's fence," a "tenne acre" lot at the 
upper end of Bass River and a lot of the 
same size adjoining the fort in Marble- 
Marblehead. He removed to Dover in 
1638. 

Benjamin Burdett of Durham, X. H. 
and Rebecca Bennett m. int. published 
Oct. 3, 175 1. — Gloucester To'dun Records. 

David Burditt and Abigail Mason were 
married in Salem, Aug. 30, 17S5. He 
was a mariner. His wife, Abigail, was 
appointed administratrix of his estate, 
July 10, 1794. She may have been the 
widow Burditt who was buried in Salem 
May 29, 1812 (P. R.) A Sarah Burditt, 
possibly their daughter was m. in Salem 
Oct. 22, 1813 to Thomas Dean. 

Ebenezer Burditt ae. 22 yrs., corde- 
wainer, b. in Reading, the son of Ebenezer 
and Betsey Burditt, of Reading, and 
Xancy I. Cross, dressmaker, b. Pelham, 
X. H., dau. of John and Phebe Cross of 
Pelham, were m. in Lynnfield, June iS, 
1745. — Lynnfield Records. 

Sarah Burditt was mentioned as the 
dau. in the will of Daniel Xewhall of 
Lynn, Aug. 5, 1758. Also in the will of 
the mother, Sarah, dated Dec. 1, 1761.— 
E. I. H. C, xviii, 225-6. 

Thomas Burditt of Maiden, appointed 
guardian of Sarah in 15th vear, July 29, 
1734.— E.I.H. C, XVIII, 22S. 

Samuel Burditt was security on bond of 
administratrix Tabitha, widow of Nathan 
Xemhall.— £. /. H. C. XVIII, 269. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



217 



BURDICK. 

George Burdick, son of Benjamin, was 
bap. First Congregational Church, Mar- 
blehead in January, 1780. 

Jane Burdick and Hans Gram were m. 
Nov. 11, 17S5. 



BURDWAY, BURDAWAY. 

Thomas Burdway was a private in 
Captain William Bacon's Company, Col- 
onel John Glover's 21st Regiment, in the 
return (probably Oct., 1775.) 

Thomas Burdaway of Marblehead was 
a private in Captain Nathaniel Lindsey's 
Company in 1775. 



BURGAN, BURGANIE, BURGEN. 

Robert Burgaxie 1 , and Susanna Pul- 
sipher m. int. Ipswich, 31, (8m.) 17 19. 
Children: 

Susannah, bap. Sept. 17, 1721; m. 

July 5, 1744, William Harris. 
Elizabeth, bap. Aug. 15, 1725; m. 
int. Nov. 10, 1744, Samuel Stone 
of Ipswich. 
Mary, bap. Apr. 28, 1728. 
Thomas, bap. Sept. 8, 1734; d. Oct. 

12, 1734- 
Thomas, bap. Sept. 12, 1735. 
Robert Bergen and Margaret Gibson 
m. Ipswich, Dec. 3, 1751. 
Children: 

Margaret, bap. Oct. 8, 1752. 
Sarah, bap. Aug. 24, 1755. 
Sarah, bap. Sept. 4, 1757. 
William Burg ax and Deborah Grow 
were married in Marblehead March 21, 
1795. She d. his widow, June 10, 1846, 
ae. 76 yrs. 
Children: 

Ebenezer Hines, bap. second 
church, Marblehead, Apr. 15, 
1804. 

infant, b. Nov. 21, 1813. 

William, lost at sea, May 7, 1S11 
on board schooner "Miriam," 
John Boden, master. 



XOTES. 

Margaret Burgan and Daniel Ross m. 
August 20, 1791. — Ipsii-icJi C. R. 2. 

Mary Burgan and John Spiller, Jr. m. 
int. Nov. 10, 1744. — Ipswich R. 2. 

Sarah Burgan and John Stanwood of 
Newburyport m. Dec. 12, 1776. — //>- 
swich Vital Records. 

William Burgen (Burgren int.) and 
Ruth Hynds m. Dec. 2^, 1776. Marble- 
head, St. MidiaeVs Church Rec. 

Margaret, widow of Robert Burgan of 
Ipswich was appointed administratrix, 
June 17, 1758. 



BURGESS. 



1. 



Abial Burges 1 , called Captain, lived 
in Manchester. He m. June 12, 17S3, 
Mrs. Jennie Leach, dau. of Ebenezer and 
Elizabeth Cratts. He conveyed land in 
Manchester, Dec. 13, 1810. She con- 
veyed land to Thomas Leach Oct. 26, 
18 14 and conveyed "one moiety of poor 
pew in Manchester Meeting House,'' 
Oct. 20, 1836. He d. March 31, 1S33 ae. 
about 77 yrs. She d. Feb. 14, 1847, ae. 
87 yrs. 11 m. 17 d. of old age. 
Children: 

"Dority", b. Dec. 10, 1783. 
Abial, b. July 21, 17S6. 
Andrew Leach, b. Oct. 22, 17SS at 
Capesue, (Cape Porpoise); d. Feb. 
181;, aged 26 years; lost at sea; 
m. March 28, 1S11, Miriam Story. 
Mary, b. June 13, 1790 at Capersue 
(Cape Porpoise); m. int. July S, 
181 1, William Babcock. 
Dolly, b. Apr. 19, 1794. at "Cap- 

persue" (Cape Porpoise.) 
Betsey, b. June ic, 179S. 
Patty, -b. Feb. 14, 1S00. 
Joanna, bap. Sept. 9, 1S04, probably 
the Joann who m. July 27, 1833, 
John Burnham; m. int. recorded 
in Essex, July 15, 183 1. 



2 — 1. 

3— "• 
4 — hi. 



8 — vii. 
9 — viii. 



218 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



3. 

Abial Burges 2 , b. July 21, 17S6, and 
lived in Manchester. He m., first, March 
1811, Deborah L. Bingham. She d. Oct. 
21, 1815 ae. 22 yrs. He m. second, July 
15, 1815, Xancy Allen, dau. of Capt. John 
and Hannah (Edwards) Allen of Man- 
chester. 
Child: 
10 — i. Deborah Lathrop, b. Dec. 25, 
1814; m. (int. Oct. 6, 1833) Nov. 
14, 1833, Gilman C. Crowell. 

4. 

V 

Andrew Leach Burgess, b. Oct. 22, 
1788 at Capesue, m. March 28, 1811, 
Miriam Story, dau. of Nathan and Joanna 
Story. He was lost at sea, Feb., 1815 ae. 
26 yrs. She d. Nov. 29, 1S21-2. (Her 
grave stone calls her Miriam Williams 
w. of Andrew L. Burgess and daughter of 
Nancy and Joanna Story, Nov. 29, 182 1- 

■0 

Child: 

Minor in Sept. 8, 182S, when she 
conveyed property through her 
guardian. 

Essex Co. Reg. of Deeds, Vol. 303, 
P- 59- 



1. 



David B urges 1 , m. Marv 



She 



d. Feb. 16, 1 81 2, ae. 52 yrs. 3 days. 

Children : 

2 — i. David, b. about 1784. 

3 — ii. Joshua, b. at "Cappersue" Mch. 18, 
1788. 

4 — iii. James, b. Mch. 17, 1792, at Yar- 
mouth; m. Anna Richards, Feb. 1, 
1821. 

5 — iv. Johaxnah, b. May 26, 1797, pro- 
bably the Joann who d. Aug. 15, 
1828, "aged 28," 

2. 

David B urges 2 , called Captain, lived 
in Manchester. He m. first, Lydia Dan- 



forth, July 20, 181 2. He m. second, 
May 30, 1S13, Mary L. Bingham. He 

d. Dec, 1S24, lost at sea, ae. 40 yrs. She 
m. second, Oct. 22, 1827, Capt. Joseph 
Hooper. 

Child by first wife, Lydia: 

6 — i. Eliza Ann', ; d. Sept. 6, 1S14. 

Children by second wife, Mary: 

7 — ii. Mary Lathrop, b. Apr. it, 1-14; 

m. Sept. 24, 1S33, John Carter. 
8 — iii. Caroline Eliza, b. Feb. 13, [8x9. 
9 — iv. Aurelia, b. Feb. 13, 1S21. 

4. 

James B urges 2 , m. at Essex. Feb. 1, 
1821, Anna Richards. She d. Jan. iS 
1827, ae. 25. 
Children: 

10 — i. child d. Nov. 1825 aged 3 days. 

11 — ii. , b. and d. 1S27. 



Robert Burgis lived in Lynn. He 
m. first, Sarah . She made deposi- 
tion 1663 that her age was 45. She d. 
21st day, 9th mo. 1669. He m.. second, 
Sarah Hall (or Hull) on the 13th day. 2nd 
mo., 167 1. He was appraiser of the estate 
of Thomas Newhall 25th day. 4th mo., 
1674, and was active in the settlement of 
many other estates. 

In 1650 he was prosecuted for bad 
grinding of corn and acquitted. 

He deposed 1657 aged about 36 years. 

He was a witness in Lynn in 164S. 

His will was dated Dec. 12, 1699. 

Child: 

Elizabeth, m. Joseph Edmonds, in 
Lynn, Jan. 27, 1685. 

NOTES. 

Ephraim Burges of Hollis, X. H., m. 

Anna Abbot of Andover, dau. of Benja- 
min and Abigail (Abbot) Abbot. Jan., 
1762. Es. Ant. V. I., p. 41. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



219 



Ann Burge of Hollis, N. H., and An- 
drew Merriam m. int. July 13, 1S39.— 
Middleton Vital Records. 

Ruth Burge and Thomas Sanson, m. 
int. Jan. 27, 1776. — Marblehead Vital 
Records. 

Sarah (Mrs.) B urges and Samuel Lord, 
Jr. (in his 82nd y. C. R. T.) m. Feb. 18, 
1810. — Ipswich Vital Records. 

Bartholemew Horace Burgess of Dan- 
vers and Sarah Swett m. Apr. 28, 17S2. 
Sarah Burges (Mrs. in int.) and Samuel 
Field of Salem, m. Apr. 22, 17S1 (int. 
also recorded.) Danvers Vital Record. 
William Burgess, atty. conveyed land 
in Marblehead, in 1774, 1785, 1786, 17S7, 
1790, 1793, 1794, and in Newburyport 
1786, 1792, 1793, iSot. In Rowley, 1S16, 
in Haverhill in 1801. 

Burges "aged 26 yrs. — desirous to 

passe for Salem," May 11, 1637. E. I. 
H. Col. XVI, p. 242. 

Sarah Burgess (widow) of Danvers m. 
April, 1 781, Samuel Dean. — E. I. H. 
XII, p. 305. 

Joshua Burges, in Col. Jonathan Bald- 
win's Regiment of Artificers, Aug., 1777. 
Enlisted for 3 years, reported deserted 
Nov., 1777. — Mass. S. arid S., Vol. II, 
p. 836. 

Possibly the same man was 1st 
Lieut, of scoohner "Blackbird"' com- 
manded by Capt. Nathaniel Renolds 
in 1 781 and also commander of the 
privateer schooner "Fortune 1 ' in 1781. 
—Mass. S. and S. Rev. War, V. II, p. 
836. 

William Burges of Salem was a privateer 
in Captain Nathan Brown's Company, 
Col. John Mansfield's Regiment, May 25, 
1775. He served through the year. — 
Mass. S. and S. , V. II, p. 864. 

John Burgess went fishing in the Brit- 
tania, Sept. 1753 and had not been heard 
from Dec, 1754. — Gloucester T. R. } V. 
h A 332. 



Joshua and Jerusha \'in«.n both of 

Gloucester m. Aug. 2, 1782.— Gbuaster 
T. R. 

Amasa Burges, son of Amasa and Jane 
b. Manchester, July 25, 1805. 

Mary (Mrs.) Burgess and Timothy 
Weeks, m, Oct. 30. 1808. Salem Vital 
Records. 

Polly Burges and Samuel Smith m. 
June 8, 1794. 

Susanna Burges (wid. int) and Benja- 
min Clark of Gloucester m. Apr. 1 1. [787. 
Susanna Burges and Timothy Holt m. 
Aug. 20, 1797. 

William Burges and Man- m. \<>v. 

6, 179S. 

Sarah Burgis and Daniel West m. Oct. 
23, 1796. — Salem Vital Records. 

Robert Burges appraised the estate of 
Thomas Xewhall of Lvnn, 25-4 mo., '74 
—E.I. H. XVIII., p. 3. 

William Burgess and Susanna Pratt 
m. Aug. 2 5, 1771. 

Lydia Burgiss, b. Manchester, wife of 
Dan(ie)l, and dau. of Stephen and Lucy 
Danforth, d. of consumption Nov. 29, 
1845, ae - 7 1 }*rs. — Salem Vital Records. 
Johannah Burgess, dau. of Tho(ma-), 
b. Aug. 20, 1688. — Lynn Rec. 

Silas Burgess late of Danvers, mariner, 
will dated June 7, 1776. Had a wife, 
Sarah and Brother Benjamin, physi- 
cian of Martha's Vineyard. Inventory 
£339- S—Es. Co. Pro'b. Rec, 352, pp. 
91 and 158. 

BURIOTT. 

Buriott, fined for putting cattle in 

cornfield, 26:10:1643— £. Ant. V. IV., 
A 1S5. 

BURKBEE. 

Thomas Burkbye, was made a free- 
man 30th d. 1 mo., 1647. Hi- S wife's name 



220 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



was Martha. Their daughter Sarah was 
b. May 21, 165S. He had a lot of land 
given him at town meeting in Rowley, jd 
d. 2nd mo,. 1651. He was "pounder" in 
Rowley, for the year 1661. His wife, 
Martha, was buried June 24, 165S. 



BURKE. 



William Burke of Marblehead was 
Captain of Continental Armed schooner 
"Warren." He was captured by the 
"Liverpool" frigate and carried into Hali- 
fax, thence removed to Xew York and 
confined on the prison ship. A petition 
for his exchange was dated June 10, 1777. 
..Mass. S. and S., V. II, p. S53. 

He may have been the man of the same 
name who commanded the ship "Sky- 
rocket" and ship "Henry" in 1779. — Mass. 
S. and S., Vol. II, £.854. 

William Burke lived in Marblehead. 
He m. first, int. Jan. 18, 1772, Lois 
Lewis of Lynn. She d. March 6, 1773, 
ae. 26 yrs. (Harris St. Cemetery). He 
m. second, Hannah Hayden, Feb. 2, 1775. 

Child: 

Peter Thatcher, bap. Dec. 3, 1775. 



Captain John Burke, mariner, lived 
in Beverly. He married, June 11, 1783 
(Ipswich Record, June 17, 1783) Mrs. 
Martha Thorndike. He d. about 1792 
administratrix granted to his widow Patty 
Burke, June 4, 1792. Inventor}- £423 : 
11:8. 

Children: 

2 — i. John, b. July 13, 1786; m. Judith 
Fuller, May 17, 1807; guardian- 
ship at the age of 15, granted to 
John Low, Mch. 29, 1S02. 
3 — iii. Ruth Thorndike, b. Dec. 15, 1790; 
bur. Nov. 11, 1 80 1, aged 10 vears. 



2. 



John Blrki: 5 .. b. July 13, 1 7^6. m. 
Judith Fuller. May 17, 1^07. She made 
a deposition in 181 7. She conveyed land 
Julv 1, 1809, and in 1812. 

Child: 

4 — i. John, b. Oct. 1808; bur. Nov. 15, 
1809, aged 1 year, 1 month. 



1. 

Thomas Burke lived in Beverly. He 
m. first, Dec. 2, 1787. Mrs. Sarah Bragg. 

She d. Oct. 6, 1796, ae. ^S yrs. 6 mos. 
He m., second, Feb. 26, 1797. Anna 
Knowlton. She d. Dec. 6, iSco, ae. 36 
yrs., of "pulmonary consumption." He 
m., third, Sept. 6, 1801, Elizabeth May. 
She conveyed land in Beverly in 1803, 
and 1806. 

Children by first wife, Sarah: 

2 — i. Sarah, twin, bap. Sept. 6. 17^9. 

3 — ii. Charlotte, twin, bap. Sept. 6, 17S9. 

4 — iii. Jane. bap. Aug. 17. 1701. 

5 — Lv. James, bap. Aug. iS. 1793. 

Children by second wife, Anna: 

6 — v. Nancy, bap. June 2, 1799. 

Polly Knowlton, bap. Sept. 8 
1799; d. Oct. 1. 1800, aged 1 year, 
1 mon. 
8 — vii. Betsey Taylor, b. Sept. 5, 1S04, 
probably the Betsey who m. Syl- 
vester Kilham of Salem, Sept. 4, 
1825. 
9 — viii. Thomas, b. Aug. 2S, 1S06. 
Thomas Burke-, lived in Beverly. He 
m. Aug. 21, 1S04, Hepzibah Gallope. She 
d. Mch. 26, 1S42, ae. $& > T5 - 

Children: 

Thomas, b. Aug. 24,1805. 
Hepzibah, b. Aug. 14. 1807; m. 

John J. Woodbury, Feb. 1 - 
Nancy, b. Aug. 21, 1800. 
Edward, b. July 16, 1812. 
Edmund Gallop, b. July 1. 1814; 

d. June 5, 1S3S, aged 2.1 ; 
Kimball Gallope, b. Oct 16, im7; 

bur. Oct. 25, 1S20, aged 3 years. 



7— VI. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



221 



Elizabeth Kimball, b. Julv 25, 
1821; m. Nathan H. Foster, son of 
Aaron and Lucv Foster, Dec. 24, 
1844. 

Sarah K., b. Feb. 27, 1S27; d. Jan. 
28, 1S53. 

NOTES. 

John Burke and Abigail Mildrick m. 
Jan. 2. 1787, She afterwards m. George 
Johnson, Feb. 3, 1789. 

Matthew Burke and Deliverance Cooke 
m. July 5, 1737. 

Elizabeth Burke, dau. of Walter Price 
of Salem, d. May 21, 1674. — E. I. H. C. 
Vol. II, p. 1 2 j. 

William Burke, Sarah C. Clements m. 
Dec. 4, 1737. 

Charles Burke and Patty Ashley m. 
Dec. 31, 1801. 

Mercy Burke and William White m. 
Aug. 29, 1779. 

William Burke (formerly of Ireland 
int.) and Marcy Masury m. Dec. 12, 1769. 
— Salem Vital Records. 

Edward Burke m. Miss Jane Harris 
both of Newburyport, Aug. 22, 17S9. — 
Newburyport Vital Records. 

Thomas Burke, son of Thomas and 
Mary Burke, of Rowlev, b. Nov. 2^, 17 19. 
— E. L H. Col., Vol. V., p. 86. 

William Burke and Elizabeth Edward 
m. Dec. 29, 1786. Int. also recorded. — 
Haverhill Vital Records. 

Stephen Burke, son of Thomas and 
Mary of Rowley, b. Aug. 2, 1721. E. I. 
H. Col., v. V. p. 86. 

Edward Burke, son of Edward Burk, 
bap. Aug. 7, 1687, First Church in Salem. 
— E. I. H. f VII, p. 126. 

Michael Burke, marched July 30, 1780, 
died Dec. 17, 1780. Served in Continen- 
tal Army.— Mass. S. and S., V. II, p. 
8s 3 . 

Edward Devenish Burke of Newbury 
was a private in Captain Jacob Gerrish's 
Company, Col. Moses Little's (17th 
Regt.) T Enlisted Apr. 25, 1775. Served 



through the year. In company return 
dated probably Oct. i;;>, his age 

given as 17 vears. — Mass. S. and .V., 17/, 
p. S53. 

William Burke ''a stranger" and Lois 
Lewis, resident of Lynn, m. intd. Jan. 25, 
1772. 

Sarah Burke (of Hanover int.) and 
Bartholemew Ward of Boston m. Oct. 22, 
1844. Int. also recorded. — Lynn Vital 
Records. 

Deliverance Burke and Nathaniel 
Fuller (Jr. int.) m. Feb. 6. 1 790-1. — Ip- 
swich Vital Records. 

Josiah Burk, was a private in Captain 
Nathaniel Warren's Company. Col. Moses 
Little's 17th Regt. Enlisted May 3, 1775. 
Served through the year. Received 
monev for losses at Lexington and Bunker 
ML— Mass. S. and S., Rev. War, II, 

p. 849- 

Burke, son of Mercy Burke. a?e 

7 days. (Illegitimate. Atrophy. The 
grandmother, mother and this daughter 
and 4 children (bap.) together. She act. 
16.) Died Mar. 2^, 1791- — East Church 
Records, Salem', E. I. H. XIV, p. 141. 

Edmund Burke and Sarah Hill m. 
Oct. 8, 17S0, bv Rev. E. Forbes.— T. R., 
V.L p. 3 S. 

udmund Burk and Hannah Richard, 
son m. May 19, 17S1, bv Rev. E. Forbes. — 
T. R., V. 7. p. 38. 

John Christian Burke, resident of 
Beverly and Rebecca Woodberry m. Aug. 
4, 1 80 1. — Beverly Vital Records. 

Hepzibah Burke and Charles Weskett 
resident of Beverly, m. May 9, 1806. — 
Beverly Records. 

Xancy Burke and Nathaniel Bailey, 
m. Dec. 20, 1832. — Beverly Records. 

Nancy Burke, b. Nov. 29, 1S02.— P. R. 
132, Beverly Rec. 

Betsey Burk d. Dec.—, 1S25.— C. R. 6, 
Beverlv Rec. 

Sally Burk, d. Feb. 1, 1S13.— C. R. 6, 
Beverly Rec. 



0urEfttfortaT TPat^tj^ 



R ev.Thomas Erasklin Waters. 



-». 



THE Historical Pageant is coming 
rapidly into well-deserved prom- 
inence. In England for many 
years, great spectacular reproductions of 
famous episodes in the national or local 
history have roused profound interest. 
The Early British, the Druid, the Saxon 
and Norman periods and the later periods 
as well, furnish marvellous material, leg- 
endary, poetic and romantic beside the 
strictly historical. Amid the very scenes 
of great historic events, environed by an- 
cient forests and battlefields, the carefully 
studied presentation of these varied epi- 
sodes of English life has been welcomed, 
as a vivid and enduring educational fac- 
tor as well as a beautiful spectacle. 

This side the Atlantic there has been 
quick appreciation of the significance of 
this picturesque and dramatic method. 
At Quebec, the remarkable reproduction 
of the fascinating Court life of France, 
and the famous battle scenes on the 
Heights of Abraham aroused great enthu- 
siam. The Champlain anniversary on 
Lake Champlain and the Hudson-Fulton 
celebration afforded fine scope for page- 
antry. The Indian life in the one and the 
quaint reproductions of the original ves- 
sels in the other were the most conspicuous 
factors in great and imposing displays. 

But all these pageants have been on a 
grand scale. They have involved great 
expense, they have required multitudes of 
participants, long preparation, and a back- 
ground of historic events of national or 
universal historic value. For this reason 
it has seemed likely that these displays 
must be only occasional events, reserved 
for privileged communities or for celebra- 



tions of the first magnitude, in great cen- 
tres of population. Many an admirer of 
this method has probably been discour . 
from any attempt at utilizing it in hi- 
community by these apparently insur- 
mountable obstacles. 

THE recent pageant at Decrfield, 
Mass. assumes great significance 
as an opportune and convincing 
illustration that the history of a very 
small New England village may be \ re- 
sented in such artistic and sympathetic 
fashion that its feasibility and its success 
need no longer be questioned. Deerfield, 
to be sure, above any other town, has a 
thrilling and tragic history, and for many 
years the sorrowful events of those early 
days have received loving and patient 
study. Memorial stones have been erected 
on every hand, marking the sites of early 
homes and localities of great interest, and 
an unrivalled collection, archaeological and 
colonial, has been gathered in its famous 
museum. Thus in an unusual degree the 
Deerfield people have been trained to a 
discerning and proud appreciation of their 
early annals, and have been prepared for 
the great and beautiful pageant, which 
has portrayed with rare fidelity and power 
many scenes, which will be long remem- 
bered. 

But the fact remained that it was a for- 
midable undertaking. With only a few hun- 
dred people in the immediate neighborhood, 
with no financial guarantee, with no courage 
or enthusiasm, a pageant seemed like a 
dream of a wild enthusiast. But the strong 
and compelling touch of a skilful and expe- 
rienced woman gradually roused enthusi- 



OUR EDITORIAL PAGES. 



223 



asm, discovered willing workers, developed 
wonderful grace and unsuspected dramatic 
ability in the young men and maidens, and 
the boys and girls of the quiet village, and 
finally produced in a lovely valley encircled 
with woods and mountains, a beautiful and 
memorable display of the light and merry 
village life of England, the austere simplic- 
ity of the Puritan garb and demeanor, the 
Indian life amid the wigwams and on the 
warpath, the tragic events of the early 
years, the social festivities of the following 
century, culminating in the Lexington 
alarm, and "The Star Spangled Banner". 
All the families in the village, and not a few 
from a distance were called upon to contrib- 
ute to the great throng of English merry 
makers, Puritans, Indians, soldiers and 
villagers. The simpler costumes were 
made at home, supplementing the more 
elaborate from the professional costumers. 
Innumerable rehearsals were necessary, 
notwithstanding the unusual mid-summer 
heat. 

OF course it was a success, artistic- 
ally and financially, for the fame of 
these elaborate preparations went 
far abroad, and thousands came by trolley 
and in automobiles, and the great enthus- 
iastic audience inspired a corresponding 
enthusiasm in the performers. But the 
most gratifying result is the illustration 
of the fact that a small • community can 
aspire to such great things. Though the 
tragic element of Indian alarm and assault 
be lacking, every old Xew England town 
has its heritage of a noble and commanding 
history, its early days of stress and trial, 
its pioneer settlers of heroic mould, its 
political, military and social happenings, 
its Revolutionary War experiences. The 
laws, the dress, the customs of worship of 
Colonial times are the common possession 
of every community. Anywhere, a care- 
f-il study of this common back ground 
and the particular events of local history 



will easily discover ample material for this 
delightful method of calling the Pa t back 
to life, and teaching history in most fa - 
cinating form. The planning and toil, 
the demand for ingenuity and courage, the 
welding together of a whole community 
in one great and inspiring endeavor, in- 
separable from such an enterprize, infuse 
new life into a sleepy village, and op-n 
large possibilities of a more earnest and 
intelligent civil life. We can imagine no 
wiser, no more promising.no more delight- 
ful undertaking even in a quiet country 
town than this. 

BUT there is a specific value, attach- 
ing at present to each historical 
pageant in the smaller cities and 
towns and villages. The dreadful fatalities 
recurring on every Fourth of July have 
roused at last a public demand for a "safe 
'and sane" celebration. In our Common- 
wealth wise restrictive legislation has 
already been enacted. The Independence 
Day, lately observed, was "safe and sane" 
to a remarkable degree, but it was "stu- 
pid" also, as many affirmed. Herein is 
the danger. If the new order of things 
be branded as dull and stupid, a violent 
reaction to the noisy and dangerous de- 
monstrations, so long in vogue, may soon 
be apparent. 

There is need of some device which will 
rouse the patriotic sentiment and enlist 
the interest of a whole community, and no 
more suggestive device can be imagined 
than the adaptation of the pageant me- 
thod. The Department of Child Hygiene 
of the Russell Sage Foundation has done 
great service in its careful study of the re- 
sort to pageants, in recent celebrations, 
and in the profusely illustrated pamphlets 
which describe in detail the success of 
these quiet methods in many communities. 
These publications are a suggestive and 
inspiring appeal to patriotic but popular 
observance of the Fourth of July. Beside 



224 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



the pamphlets, a collection of photographs 
and extended reports of the simpler as well 
as the more elaborate historical pageants is 
being made by a special official, detailed 
for this work. This collection is open to 
the inspection of any individual or com- 
mittee, looking for light and suggestion 
with regard to the practical working of 
this device. In England and Germany, 
Norway and Sweden, many quiet but 



interesting and dignified ways of public 

pleasure are in vogue. Singing 

and local merry makings have long been 
popular. 

The noisy and often lawless an 1 turbu- 
lent demonstrations, incident for so many 
years to our National celebration, will 
make the transition to more becoming 
ways difficult, but the better sense of our 
nation is bound to assert itself in the 



THE 



MASSACHVSETTS 
MAGAZINE 




Hjblished bythe Salem Press Co. Salem, Mass. US. A. 



A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography^ 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor, ipkw.ch, ua-vs. 
ASSOCIATE A\D ADVISORY EDITORS 

Thomas WentwortfiHigginson George Sheldon. Db. Frank A Gardxeb 

CAMBRIDGE. MASS. hl»*i>in Ja« 

Lucie M. Gardner, Charles A. Flagg John X. McClintock Albert W Demnu 

SALEM, MASS. WASHINGTON. D. C. DORCHESTER. MASS. IALIU, mahh. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies, 75c. 



VOL. Ill OCTOBER. 



1910 NO. 4 



(CmxUnia of iins Issue 



Massachusetts Historical Society's Library 

Albert Woodbury Dennis . 225 
Diary of Ashley Bo wen 240 

Colonel James Frye's Regiment . . . F. A. Gardner, M.D. . 246 

Massachusetts in Literature Charles A. Flagg . 257 

Department of the American Revolution F. A.Gardner, M. D. 260 

The Old Thomas House, Plymouth Francis R. Stoddard, Jr. 269 

Family Genealogies Lucie M. Gardner . 272 

Criticism and Comment 278 

Our Editorial Pages Thomas F. Waters . 279 

CORRESPONDENCE of a business nature should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, MasB. 

CORRESPONDENCE in regard to contributions to the Magazine may be sent to the editor, Rev. T. F. 
Waters, Ipswich, Mass., or to the office of publication, in Salem. 

BOOKS for reviewmay be sent to the office of publication in Salem. Book9 should not be sent to individual 
editors of the magazine, unless by previous correspondence the editor consents to review the book. 

SUBSCRIPTION should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine, Salem, Mass. Subscription! are $ 2 50 
payable in advance, post-paid to any address in the United States or Canada. To foreign countries in the 1'ot 
tal Union $2.75. Single copies of back numbers 75 cents each. 

REMITTANCES mav be made in currency or two cent postage stamps; many subscriptions are sent through 
the mail in this way, and they are seldom lost, but such remittances must be at the risk of the sender. To avoid 
all danger of loss s'end by post office money order, bank check, or express money order. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS. When a subscriber makes a change of address he should notify the publish- 
ers giving both his old and new addresses. The publishers cannot be responsible for lust copies, if they are 
not notified of euch changes. 

ON SALE. Copies of this magazine are on sale in Boston, at W. B. Clark's A Co., '-'6 Tremont Street, Old 
Corner Book Store, 29 Bromfield Street; Smith & McCance, 3d Bromfield Street: in .\w iori-.m Jonn 
Wanamaker's, Broadway 4th, 9th and 10th Streets; in Washington, at Brentauos, F & 13th St.; In Chicago, 
at A. C. McClurg's & Co", 221 Wabash Ave. 

Entered a„ second-class matter March 13,1908, at the post office at Salem, Mass., under the act of CoDgreii 
of March 3, 1879. Office of publication, 4 Central Street, Salem, Mass. 




THE LIBRARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



By Albert Woodbury Dennis 



This is the first of several articles which the Massachusetts Magazine pro' 
poses to publish on the great historical libraries of Massachusetts. It has been 
said that Boston is probably within easy distance of a larger proportion of 
books illustrating American history than any other literary centre. This fact 
makes Boston a great meccafor historical students, who find in the large libraries 
materials jar tlieir work. Some libraries excel in one branch of knowledge and some excel in 
others. There is no way by which the student can readily find out which is best equipped 
in the lines he wants to pursue. One could easily spend days getting acquainted with each. 
For instance students have been known to look to the South for newspaper verification of 
events in the Civil War, without knowing that the AthenTum Library contains possibly the 
best collection of newspaper files covering that period, to be found anywhere. Students have 
been knowti to spend months waiting for information to come to them by letter from England 
when they could have found the identical English work they wished if they had known of 
the splendid collection of English genealogy and vital statistics to be found xn the Boston 
Public Library. m 

THE Massachusetts Historical Society is the oldest historical society in 
the United States. Organized in 1790,* it has been collecting 
manuscripts and books and public documents for one hundred and 
twenty years and has accumulated what is probably the largest and 
most .important collection of private manuscripts illustrating the colonial period 
of American history, and, broadly speaking, the period ante-dating the 

Revolution of 1776. — 

*By Reverend Jeremv Belknap and a few associates. He was the author of ] Belknap's 
History of New Hampshire, and minister "of the religious society worshipping n the 
Federal Street meeting house, in Boston." The society was organized as The historical 
Society," there being no other. 



228 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Its collection of documents and papers and imprints relating to the 
Revolution is also one of the best, being equalled or exceeded only by those 
of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, the Library of Congress, and the 
archives of the Federal Government at Washington. 

Its civil war collection (1861-1865) is considered one of the most complete 
in existence, of which I will speak more in detail later. 

Such collections as the Thomas Jefferson private letters and correspon- 
dence,* the collection of George Washington's letters written to General Heath, 
and the Jonathan Trumbull papers, show the range of the manuscripts as well 
as the printed volumes, beyond state lines. 

The library as a whole is rich in rare and scarce books ; and is particularly 
rich in early American religious subjects. 

Speaking more specifically of those departments into which a New 
England historical library is usually divided, it may be said : 

In Massachusetts local history the library is very "strong," having one 
of the most complete collections to be found anywhere. 

There is also a very good collection of genealogies, but not anywhere near 
as full or as complete as the collections of the Boston Public Library and the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

The collection of old New England poster sheet proclamations, generally 
known as "broadsides," is probably the best in existence. 

Its collection of old personal diaries, old almanacs and newspapers is very 
large, but miscellaneous and incomplete. 

The chief significance of this library to the world, however, is that it is a 
great depositary for so many important historical manuscripts. From an early 
day the Society has followed the generous policy of publishing for the benefit 
of the public the full text of the most important of these. A glance at the 
library shelf shows sixty-six volumes of collections and forty-two volumes 
of proceedings now completed. Imposing and formidable in array as they 
are, however, it may be said that they give only a suggestion of the huge 
accumulated treasures of manuscripts deposited here, now totalling several 

♦After Jefferson's death his papers were divided roughly into two classes, public and 
private, and all the public papers and correspondence went to the Government at \\ ash- 
ington. His private letters went to his granddaughter, Sarah Jefferson Randolph. She 
offered the collection to the Library of Congress in Mr. A. R. Spofford's day as 
Librarian, but he was unable to get an appropriation from Congress for their purchase. 
After her death it was purchased by Thomas Jefferson Coolidge (who is son of Jeffer- 
son's granddaughter, Sarah Jefferson Randolph), and presented to the Society. 



. 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S LIBRARY 220 

hundred thousand, or possibly over half a million.* Still as a suggestion of the 
character of the whole we give the following summary : 



A Brief Summary of the Sixty-Six Bound Volumes of 
Collections Published by the Society 

1. Gookins Indians; Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

2. Journal of the American (Revolutionary) War; Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

3. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Bradford Letter Book, Roger Williams' Key Into the 

Languages. 

4. Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

5. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Narragansett Language and Narragansett Settlements. 

6. Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

7. Military in North America, 1753-1756; History of Cambridge; Ecclesiastical History 

of New England ; miscellaneous short papers. 

8. Miscellaneous Short Papers ; Dudley to Countess of Lincoln ; Mourts Relation. 

9. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Ecclesiastical History of New England; History of 

Dorchester. 

10. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Pequot Indians. 

11. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Bacon's and Ingram's Proceedings (Va.). 

12. Miscellaneous Short Papers ; Johnson's Wonder Working Providence of Sion's 

Saviour in New England. 

13. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Topographical Paper, continuation of Johnson. 

14. Miscellaneous Short Papers; continuation of Johnson; Childs's "New England's 

Jonas." 

15. Hubbard's "History of New England' (events from discovery to 1641). 

16. Hubbard's "History of New England" (events from discovery to 1635- 1630). 

17. Reprint of the "Annals of New England," by Thomas Prince; completion of 

Johnson's; Rhode Island State Papers. 

18. Hubbard's History of New England; Lieutenant Governor Thomas Danforth 

Papers ; History of the Pequoit War. 

19. Miscellaneous Short Papers ; Edwards on Indian Language. 

20. Hutchinson Papers. 

21. Hutchinson Papers; Winthrop Papers; History of Narragansett County. 

22. Reprint of Edward Winslow's "New England's Salamander;" Parliament Journals. 

23. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Smith's Advertisements; Lechford's Plain Dealing; 

Josselyn's Two Voyages. 

24. Seven Tracts Reprinted, on Propagation of Gosple Among the Indians. 



*Of course mere numbers do not carry much weight in matters of this kind, but as 
it is the universal method of indicating the size of libraries, I will explain that the 
librarian's official report last year gave 16,493 manuscripts and 1,437 volumes ot manuscripts. 
These bound volumes of mounted papers vary exceedingly as to size, and number of 
papers on a page; sometimes there are three and four manuscripts on one page and 
sometimes only one. Also, many "volumes" are of such a nature as to be classed as one 
manuscript (such as diaries, journals, etc.). So it is difficult to form anything but a 
conjectural estimate. If we allow that each volume might contain 130 to 500 papers, and 
strike an average and multiply by 300, we would have 1,437 x 300 = 43L IO °. Adding 16,493 
we would have 447,593; which seems conservative. 



230 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

25. "Journal of the American Congress at Albany;" Miscellaneous Short Papers; 

Benj. Lincoln's Journal. 

26. Reprints of Tracts on New England bv Capt. John Underbill, P. Vincent, Sir 

Ferdinando Gorges, Capt. John Smith. 
?j. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Post Office; Usurpation Papers; Regicides 

28. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Weymouth's Voyage; Passenger Lists; Early Laws 

of Massavhusetts; New England Gleanings. 

29. Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

30. Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

31. Miscellaneous Short Papers; Tract Good News from New England. 

32. Clark's 111 News from New England, 113 pages; Leverett and Dudley Papers; 

Vacating Charter; Miscellaneous Short Papers. 

33. History of the Plymouth Plantation, by William Bradford; copied by the society 

when the manuscript* was in England. 

34. Correspondence in 1774 and 1775 between a Committee of the Town of Boston and 

Contributors of Donations for the Relief of Sufferers by the Boston Port Bill. 
Reprint of "'A Narrative of the Planting of the Massachusetts Bay Colony" (a rare 
print of 1694). 

35. Hinckley's Letters and Papers (Governor of Plymouth Colony, 1676-1699). 
Historical Summary of the French and Indian Wars, by Rev. Samuel Niles. 

36. Winthrop Papers, Part I, Governor John of Mass. 

37. Winthrop Papers, Part II, Governor John of Mass. 

38. Mather Papers, from Prince Mss. 

39. Aspinwall Papers; Early Colonial and Provincial; some unique. 

40. Aspinwall Papers, ditto. 

41. Gov. Winthrop Papers, Part III ; Early Colonial. 

42. Belknap Papers (Dr. Jeremy Belknap), originator and founder of the Mass. Historical 

Society; Miscellaneous Mss. on many matters. 

43. Belknap Papers, ditto. 

44. George Washington's Letters to General Heath, Part I ; Adams and Prof. Winthrop 

Correspondence; John Adams' and Mercy Warren Correspondence. 

45. Samuel Sewalls Diary (Jan. 1690 to Oct. 1729) ; one of the witchcraft judges. 

46. Samuel Sewalls Diary (Jan. 1690 to Oct. 1729) ; ditto. 

47. Samuel Sewalls Diary (Jan. 1690 to Oct. 1729) ; ditto. 

48. Gov. Winthrop Papers, Part IV; John, Jr., Wait and Forth Winthrop. 

49. Jonathan Trumbull Papers; governor of Connecticut. 1 798-1809. 

50. Jonathan Trumbull Papers; governor of Connecticut, 1708-1809. 

51. Sewall's Letter Book; one of the judges at the witchcraft trials. 

52. Sewall's Letter Book; ditto. 

53. Gov. Winthrop- Papers, Part V ; Fitz-John Winthrop. 

54. Belknap Papers. Part III; general historical. 

55. Gov. Winthrop Papers, Part VI ; John and Wait Winthrop. 

56. Belcher Papers, Part I ; Colonial Governor of Mass. in 1730. 

57. Belcher Papers, Part II; ditto. 

58. Pickering Index to fifty-eight volumes of Papers and Correspondence. 

59. Bowdoin and Temple Papers; Massachusetts and England. 

60. Sir William Pepperrell Papers, pertaining to Louisburg Expedition. 

61. Thomas Jefferson Private Papers. 

62. Trumbull Papers, Part III; Revolutionary. 

63. Trumbull Papers, Part IV; Revolutionary. m . 

64. Gov. Wm. Heath Papers, Part II; Commander in the Revolution; Revolutionary. 

65. Gen. Wm. Heath Papers, Part III ; ditto. 

66. Bowdoin and Temple Papers; Colonial and Revolution; (the last volume issued— 

dated 1907). 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S LIBRARY 231 

The foregoing list shows six volumes of the Governor Winthrop papers 
published during the past fifty years. Yet the surprising fact is true that 
not half is published. There is enough material to make another six or seven 
volumes. 

Though three volumes are in print, not one-half of the Dr. Belknap papers 
are yet published. 

A very small fraction of the Governor Trumbull collection has been 
printed, though four large volumes have been published. 

Only a very small part of the Thomas Jefferson papers is included in the 
377-page volume published in 1890. 

Of the important Revolutionary papers of General Heath, enough for 
ten more volumes is yet in hand. 

Among the more notable unpublished manuscripts in the hands of the 
Society may be mentioned the following: 



Important Unpublished Manuscript Collections in the 
Massachusetts Historical Society 

Nathan Dane Papers; many papers relative to the territory now in the State of Maine and 
local Boston and Essex County affairs. 

Charles Lowell (father of Prof. James R. Lowell) Papers, 1657-1863; miscellaneous. 

Richard Frothingham (author of History of Charlestown) Papers. 

Eliza Susan Quincy Papers, genealogical, pertaining to Quincy family. 

John Langdon Sibley Papers, relating to Harvard College. 

Chas. E. French Collection, 1630-1900; miscellaneous and personal. 

R. C. Waterston ; autographic and historical, many foreign. 

George Bancroft Private Papers; correspondence and papers from youth to death. 

John Brown (of Civil War) Papers; private correspondence. 

John Davis collection ; early historical papers pertaining to Plymouth. 

Gen. John Thomas collection; relating to the Revolutionary War. 

Rev. Benj. Coleman private papers. 

James Murray Papers, 1 732-1800; family and business papers; many papers pertaining 
to the Loyalists. 

Tudor Papers; Revolution. 

John Hancock's Letter Books, kept when president of Continental Congress. 

Gen. Joseph Sullivan Letters. 

Amory papers; pertaining to mercantile affairs, cotton, etc. 

Judge Joseph Story Correspondence, 1808-1845. 

Rev. John Peirce's Diary; pertaining to Brookline, Harvard College and other matters. 

Rev. Thomas Prince's Letters and Papers, 1686-1720, containing letters of Edward Ran- 
dolph, Thos. Hinckley, Joseph Dudley, John Rogers, John Cotton, and others. 



232 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Winslow Papers, I 737-1 766, 2 vols. 

John Andrews and John Eliot Papers, a very small part of which have been printed in 

the Proceedings of the Society. 
Col. Israel Williams (of Williams College) Letters and Papers. One volume (1730-17:5) 
relating to Indian affairs; another (1756-1780) papers relating to William! 
lege; correspondence with Gov. Hutchinson, etc. 
Capt. Moses Greenleafs Military Papers, 1776-1780. 
Hollis Papers, I759-I77I ; correspondence with President Holyoke, Jonathan Mavhew, 

Andrew Eliot, and others. 
Benj. Walker's Diary, 1725-1747. 3 vols. 

Gen. John YVinslow's Journal and Letter Book, 1755- 1757. 3 vols. 
Cotton Mather's "Biblia Americana," which he considered his great work, but which has 

never been published. 6 vols. 
Cotton Mather's Diary, 16S1-1724; to be published in ion in 2 vols. 

Timothy Pickering Papers, 1755-1829; containing many military papers; and much 
political controversy, giving valuable facts concerning the early Federalist party. 
Increase Mather's Diary, 1663-1721. 
John Jacob Brown's collection of papers, chiefly relating to the year 181 2. He was Major 

General in the war. (Now being edited for early publication). 

Board of American Customs Commissioners. Minutes and records of their meetings and 

their correspondence. This was the Board officially charged with the collection 

of the taxes and duties, which the colonists objected to; and their efforts 

precipitated the opposition which culminated in the Revolution. (Now being 

'edited for early publication). 

Gov. Marcus Morton Papers, 1845-1860; private and political correspondence (Now 

being edited for early publication). 
James Warren and John Adams correspondence, 1774-1800; political and diplomatic. 

(Now being edited for early publication). 
Gen. Henry Knox papers, 1765-1790; largely military-. (Now being edited for early 
publication). 
It would be wholly unprofitable and perhaps invidious to attempt an 
estimate of the comparative worth of one collection of papers over another, 
where such a vast accumulation of riches is gathered together. But a few 
collections are especially extensive and highly prized. 

As one ascends the marble stairs in the main hall or rotunda of their new 
building, there greets the eye on the top stair two dignified hard-wood cabinets, 
nearly alike, on the right and left of the large front window. Locked in these 
two cabinets, which really are closed book-cases, are stored the "papers'' of 
two distinguished historians of Massachusetts. 

In the cabinet on the right are kept the invaluable papers of the 
Winthrop family, given the Society by Robert C. W'inthrop, Jr. The 
famous journal of the first Governor of Massachusetts, John W'inthrop, senior, 
is one of the two great sources of the earliest history of America. This was 



3 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S LIBRARY 

first published in one volume at Hartford (1790); republished with new 
manuscripts in Boston (1826) under the editorship of James Savage; a third 
print has recently been issued in the "Original Narratives of Early American 
History" series, under the general editorship of Prof. John Franklin Jame 
and is now soon to be published again by the Massachusetts Historical Society.* 
The cabinet also contains a volume of letters from Winthrop to his son. and a 
volume from his son to him; six volumes of the Bowdoin-Temple papers; a 
numerous collection of the private correspondence of his son, Governor John, 
of Connecticut, in ten volumes, containing many extremely rare and valuable 
letters from Roger Williams, and others; and an interesting volume entitled 
"Record of Medical Cases, 1657-1669," kept by John, Jr., when he was practis- 
ing medicine in Connecticut.** 

The other cabinet, on the left, contains the Francis Parkman papers. 
When the doors are opened one sees several shelves compactly tilled with 
sizeable volumes in red and maroon leather, fresh and unusued in appearance. 
There are several uniform volumes entitled, "Letters of Pedro Menandez, 
1565-66." An examination of one of these volumes shows that the text con- 
sists of complete transcripts of the documents, taken from the Spanish 
archives, when Parkman was collecting data for his work. Another set of 
volumes entitled, "Public Record Office at London," shows a complete 
transcription of every document bearing on his subject from that source. The 
leaves display such clean legibly-written pages, and broad margins, that one 
cannot suppress his admiration for the thoroughness and completeness of it 
all. No abbreviated documents, no scraps of paper, no hurried notes, no 
memoranda in the margin ; nothing but a light pencil line here and there in 
the margin to indicate where the author had made use of materials in his 



♦This new edition of Winthrop will be a definitive edition, embodying all that has 
been discovered in the way of co-temporaneous or posthumus manuscripts or facts, 
illustrating the text. The first edition, by Xoah Webster, lacked one of the manuscript 
volumes (found later). In Savage's edition the annotations are almost entirely 
genealogical. The latest edition, of Professor Jameson and Doctor Hosmer, has sutTered 
the expurgation of certain passages, proscribed by the editors. The new edition will be 
an absolute copy of the original text, with an extent of annotation that will probably 
equal the text in number of words and lines. 

**It is suggested that with this volume of records of medical cases from 1657 to 1669, 
and Cotton Mather's peculiarly named "Angel of Bethesda," giving a similar record of 
medical cases, from 1657 to 1720, nearly the whole history of medical practice in the 
colonial period could be given. 



234 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

work. Other series of volumes to be noted are "Pontiac-Bouquet Papci 
"Letters of Dinwiddie" (lieutenant governor of Virginia), "Canada," and 
"New France," "Canadian Church and State Papers," "Archives de la .Marine. 
1737-1759." There are besides many single volumes and numerous small 
pamphlet-like folios; all being the original material gathered in France, 
Spain, England and America for his great work. "France and England in 
North America." Any one, having occasion today to investigate the same 
sources in studying Spanish-American or French-American relations, in some 
entirely different phase, would find here transcripts of all the documents, 
copied entire. If the original documents become destroyed some day, these 
are here, for all future time, engrossed on enduring parchment paper, for the 
use of the student of the future. They suggest the sure and scientific way in 
which Parkman did his work, and make it easy to understand why his star is 
in the ascendant, and his reputation gaining each year as the prince of 
American historians. 

The correspondence of Major General William Heath, filling twenty- 
eight large volumes is another exceptionally important unit, because General 
Heath was one of the most prominent generals in the Revolutionary 
war. The many letters of George Washington* to General Heath is 
one of the assets of this collection. The other correspondence is very valuable 
military history for the Revolutionary period, illustrating his participation in 
the battles at Lexington and White Plains ; his command in the eastern depart- 
ment of the army; and his charge of Burgoyne's army when they were held as 
prisoners of war. 

The Governor Jonathan Trumbull collection of public and private cor- 
respondence is of peculiar value because it represents the activities of a man 
who was identified with the military and public life oi Connecticut for 36 years 
prior to the Revolution. He was Governor of the State for six years previous 
to the Revolution and throughout the entire war. He was a staunch friend of 
Washington, and it is said that Washington so often spoke of consulting 
"Brother Jonathan" that this was mistakenly believed to be the origin of the 
name as representing the American people. 

The most voluminous unit of papers possessed by the Society is that of 
Colonel Timothy Pickering, illustrating by copy-book letter* and otherwise his 
correspondence during the fifty years of his service in the national govern- 
ment as adjutant and quartermaster general of the army (1777-1785). post- 

*They were printed in the 44th volume of the Collections of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society and make 285 printed pages. 






. 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S LIBRARY 235 

master general (1791-1795), secretary of war (1795), secretary of state (1796- 
1800), U. S. senator (1803-1811), and member of congress ( 1813-1817). The 
titles of the carefully arranged and bound volumes suggest the wide scope and 
public nature of these papers : "Wyoming, 1755-1787," "Indians— Six Nations/' 
"Western Indians, 1786-1793," "Indian Treaties, 1791-1794," "Six Nations, 
1790-1791," "Six Nations, 1792-1797." There are 22 volumes of "Letters from 
Correspondents," and 18 volumes of "Letters to Correspondents" (1774-1824), 
besides other volumes. A great deal of this latter is of a partizan political 
nature, written in the early days of the Federalist partv. 

The "Dowse" and "Waterston" libraries are conspicuous parts or units of 
the Society's library, because each occupies a large and sumptuously furnished 
room by itself. Each was the private library of a member of the Society, who 
bequeathed it with the stipulation that it should always be kept intact in a 
room by itself, and accompanied the gift with a sum of money for 
furnishings and maintenance. Both libraries contain many fine editions and 
some rareties in English literature; also some early Americana 

The librarian of the Society, Dr. Samuel A. Green, has been serving in that 
capacity for 42 years. He became a member of the society in 1860. and in 
January of this year the Society celebrated the event with an anniversary meet- 
ing. Dr. Green is 80 years of age and has had an active and varied career. 
He has been a practising physician in Boston ; was surgeon general in the civil 
war, later brevetted lieutenant-colonel ; in 1881 was elected mayor of Boston ; 
has been overseer of Harvard College ; trustee of the Boston Public Library 
and Peabody education fund, and has filled many other positions of honor and 
trust. His service in the civil war made him early interested in the history of 
that struggle and in the first year of the war, 1861, he began collecting tracts, 
newspapers, magazines and books, and has persistently pursued that course, 
till today the Massachusetts Historical Society has 3323 volumes and 6337 
pamphlets, making one of the four or five best collections in the country, for 
which Dr. Green is mainly responsible. 

His service as librarian have been very highly commended, a committee 
reporting in 1890: "It is not possible for us to fully appreciate the difficulties 
which have been successfully overcome in his persistent and prolonged labors." 
In speaking of his wisdom in purchasing for the library it said : "To do more 
than he has done seems impossible. He has made all the 'bricks' that his 'straw' 
would permit." * 

Of late years Dr. Green's antiquarian and historical studies have largely 
centred on Groton, the town of his birth. In the past 20 years he has written 



236 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

and published a number of volumes on his native town. He 19 the oldc I 
living member of the Society, having been elected to membership when 30 yean 
of age. In his advanced years he retains a cheery demeanor and interest in the 
progress of the age. He says : "Happy is the man who lives in sympathy with 
the daily events that happen around him. ..." 

In 1909 the society made a new departure in securing Worthington C. 
Ford, chief of the department of manuscripts of the Library of Congress, as 
editor of all its publications. This work had been done heretofore by com- 
mittees appointed by the society, and, on the whole, well done, despite the fact 
that the members of these committees were not infrequently men of affairs 
with none too much time to devote to these duties. Rarely has any appointment 
been hailed with such general satisfaction by historical students the country 
over. It may be said without fear of contradiction that there is not in America 
another man with Mr. Ford's ripe scholarship and all-round equipment for the 
editing and publishing of the sources of our history. His recent work on the 
"Journal of the Continental Congress," the many calendars and lists of the 
Library of Congress, contributions to historical periodicals, have made all 
American historians his debtors. 

The ruling spirit in the Society is its President, Mr. Charles Francis 
Adams, whose own abilities and scholarly tastes tit him to preside over its 
welfare. He has done much unselfish work for the Society, and is the progres- 
sive leader of its destinies. 

The Massachusetts Historical Society is a private institution, organized 
and for many years conducted as an exclusive association, pursuing what has 
been styled by one of their committees as an unconscious narrow policy, with- 
holding the use of its collections from the public and scholars honestly interested 
in historical research, on the plea that they were for the use of their own 
members, and refusing requests to copy or print any part of their documents, on 
the ground that such papers were reserved for their own publications. But the 
feeling has gradually gained ground among the members themselves that it 
was never the intention to "accumulate and bury" and that to hold a collection 
of such vast public importance for the sole use of the society is suicidal to the 
intents and purposes of history. 

The Society is now earnestly endeavoring to correct the impressions 
caused by its past policy, and freely accords the use of its accumulations to 
honestly interested persons who go to consult them. 

The Society is generally considered rich, having an income from twenty- 
six different endowment funds, ranging from less than $100 to $161,000, and 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S LIBRARY 237 

amounting to nearly half a million dollars, besides owning the building which 
it occupies. But as a matter of fact its heavy expense for maintenance, 
cataloging, copying, and editing, leave it much in need of funds for urgent 
improvements. The Library is sorely lacking in modern reference works nc 
sary to historical work; it has practically none of the current historical 
periodicals; additional room is desired for its interesting cabinets of relics, and 
most of all a proper reading room is needed where students can seat them- 
selves and work in comfort. The only available working place offered now to 
one who desires to consult manuscripts appears to be "a seat at an overloaded 
table in the Librarian's room, facing a glaring light and incommoded by the 
conversation and other interruptions unavoidable in an administrative office." 
Beyond the splendid work the Society is now doing, funds are needed for these 
improvements, which are almost vital necessities to the greater usefulness and 
growth which the Society aims to attain. 

The membership of the Society, limited to 100, is composed of the follow- 
ing gentlemen; mostly resident or doing business in Boston and Cambridge: 

Hon. Samuel Abbott Green, LL.D., elected i860, of Boston, librarian Mass. Hist. Soc. 

Charles Card Smith, A. M., 1867, Boston, author. 

Abner Cheney Goodell, A. M., 1871, Salem, retired lawyer. 

Edward Doubleday Harris, Esq., 1871. 

Hon. Winslow Warren, LL. B., 1873, Dedham, lawyer. 

Charles William Eliot, LL. D., 1873, Cambridge, ex-President of Harvard. 

Charles Francis Adams, LL. D., 1875, Lincoln, historical writer and president of the 

Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge, LL. D., 1876, Nahant, United States senator. 
John Torrey Morse, Jr. A. B., 1877, Boston, author. 
Gamaliel Bradford, A. B., 1878, Wellesley Hills, author. 
Henry Williamson Haynes, A. M.. 1879, Boston archaeologist. 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, LL. D., 1880, Cambridge, author. 
Rev. Henry Fitch Jenks, A. M., 1881, Canton, clergyman. 

Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D. D., 1881, Cambridge, Congregational clergyman. 
Arthur Lord, A. B., 1882, Boston, lawyer. 

Frederick Ward Putnam, S. D., 1882. professor of archaeology at Harvard, retired. 
James McKellar Bugbee, Esq., 1882, Winchester. 

Edward Channing, Ph. D., 1884, Cambridge, professor of history at Harvard. 
William Watson Goodwin, D. C. L., 1886, Cambridge, formerly professor Greek literature 

at Harvard. 
Edwin Pliny Seaver^A. M., 1887, Waban. educator, formerly Supt. Boston Public Schools. 
Albert Bushnell Hart, LL. D., 1889, Cambridge, professor of history at Harvard. 
Thornton Kirkland I^othrop, LL. B., 1889, Boston, lawyer. 
Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A. M., 1890, Salem, genealogist. 



238 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Abbott Lawrence Lowell, LL. D., 1800, Cambridge, president of Harvard University 

Hon. Oliver Wendell Holmes. LL. D., 1891, Washington, asso. justice U. S. Supreme Court 

Henry Pickering Walcott, LL.D., 1S01, Cambridge, chairman State Board of Health. 

Hon. Charles Russell Codman, LL. B., 1803, Brookline, lawyer and business man. 

Barrett Wendell, A. B., 1893, Boston, professor of English at Harvard. 

James Ford Rhodes, LL. D., 1893, Boston, author. 

Hon. Edward Francis Johnson, LL. B., 1894, Woburn, judge and president Rumford 

Historical Association. 
Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, D. D., 1894, Boston. Episcopal bishop of Massachusetts. 
William Roscoe Thayer, A. M„ 1894, Cambridge, author. 

Hon. Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, LL. D., 1895. Boston, diplomat and director 
Hon. William Wallace Crapo, LL. D., 1895, New Bedford, lawyer. 
Judge Francis Cabot Lowell, A. B., 1896, Boston, jurist. 

Granville Stanley Hall, LL. D., 1896, Worcester, president of Clark University. 
Alexander Agassiz, LL. D., 1896, Cambridge, naturalist and author. 
Rev. Leverett Wilson Spring, D. D., 1897, Williamstown, professor of English literature 

at Williams College. 
Col. William Roscoe Livermore, 1897, Boston. 

Hon. Richard Olney, LL. D., 1897, Boston, ex-United States Secretary of State. 
Lucien Carr, A. M., 1897, Cambridge, asst. curator, Peabody Museum. 
Rev. George Angier Gordon, D. D., 1898, Boston, Congregational minister, Old South 

Church. 
John Chipman Gray, D. D., 1898, Boston, lawyer. 

Rev. James DeNormandie, D. D., 1898, Boston, Unitarian clergyman. 
Andrew McFarland Davis, A. M., 1898, Cambridge, antiquarian. 
Archibald Cary Coolidge, Ph. D., 1899, Boston, instructor of history at Harvard. 
Charles Pickering Bowditch, A. M., 1809, Boston, business man and student of archaeology 
Rev. Edward Henry Hall, D. D., 1899, Cambridge, Unitarian clergyman. 
James Frothingham Hunnewell, A. M., 1900, Boston, merchant and author. 
Melville Madison Bigelow, LL. D., 19C0, Boston, lawyer. 
Thomas Leonard Livermore, A. B., 1901. Boston, financier. 
Nathaniel Paine, A. M., 1901, Worcester, banker. 

John Osborne Sumner, A. B., IQOI, Boston, professor of European history. 
Arthur Theodore Lyman, A. M., 1901, Boston, manufacturer. 
Samuel Lothrop Thorndike, A. M., 1901, Boston, lawyer. 
Henry Lee Higginson, LL. D., 1902, Boston, banker. 
Brooks Adams, A. B., 1902, Quincy, author. 
Grenville Howland Xorcross, LL. B., 1902, Boston, lawyer. 

Edward Hooker Gilbert, A. B., 1902, Ware, manufacturer of woolen and worsted goods. 
Franklin Benjamin Sanborn, A. B., 1903, Concord, author and editor. 
Charles Knowles Bolton, A. B., 1903, Boston, librarian of Boston Athenxum. 
Samuel Savage Shaw, LL. B., 1903, Boston, son of Chief Justice Shaw. 
Ephraim Emerton Ph. D., 1903, Cambridge, professor of ecclesiastical history at Harvard. 
Waldo Lincoln, A. B., 1903, Worcester, retired. 
Frederic Jesup S*imson, LL. B., 1903, Dedham, lawyer. 
Edward Stanwood, Litt. D., 1903, Brookline, managing editor of the Youth's Companion. 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S LIBRARY 239 

Moorfield Storey. A. M., 1903, Boston, lawyer. 

Thomas Minns Esq., 1004, Boston, retired merchant. 

Roger Bigelow Merriman, Ph. D., 1904, Cambridge, assistant professor of history at 
Harvard. 

Charles Homer Haskins, Ph. D.. 1004, Cambridge, professor of history at Harvard. 

Hon. John Davis Long. LL. D., 1905. Hingham, trustee and ex-governor of Massachusetts 

Don Gleason Hill, A. M., 1905, Dedham, lawyer. 

Theodore Clarke Smith, Ph. D., 1905, Williamstown, professor of history at Williams 
College. 

Henry Greenleaf Pearson, A. B., 1905, Newton Centre, professor of English at Institute 
of Technology. 

Bliss Perry, LL. D., 1905, Cambridge, professor English literature at Harvard. 

Hon. John Lathrop, LL. D., 1905, Boston, jurist, retired. 

Edwin Doak Mead, Esq., 1906. Boston, author and lecturer. 

Edward Henry Clement, Litt. D., 1906, Cambridge, formerly editor Boston Transcript. 

William Endicott, A. M., 1906, Boston, merchant. 

Lindsay Swift, A.B., 1906, West Roxbury, editor Boston Public Library. 

Hon. George Sheldon, 1906, Deerrield, author, president and founder of Pocumtuck Valley. 
Memorial Association. 

Mark Antony DeWolfe Howe. A. M.. 1906, Boston, asso. editor Youth's Companion. 

Arnold Augustus Rand, Esq.. 1906, Boston, lawyer. 

Jonathan Smith. A. B., 1907, Clinton, lawyer. 

Albert Matthews, A. B., 1007, Boston, author. 

William Vail Kellen, LL. D., 1907, Boston, lawyer. 

Frederic Winthrop, A. B., 1908, Hamilton, nephew of Robert C. Winthrop. 

Hon. Robert Samuel Rantoul, LL. B., 1908, Salem, ex-president Essex Institute. 

George Lyman Kittredge, LL. D., 1908, Cambridge, professor of English at Harvard. 

Charles Pelham Greenough, LL. B., 1908, Brookline, lawyer. 

Henry Ernest Woods, A. M., 1908, Boston, State Commissioner of Public Records. 

Worthington Chauncey Ford, A. M., 1909, Cambridge, editor of publications of Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. 

William Coolidge Lane, A. B., 1909, Cambridge,, librarian at Harvard. 

Samuel Walker McCall, 1910, Winchester, congressman, lawyer. 

John Collins Warren, 1910, Boston, surgeon. 

Harold Murdock, 1910, Brookline. vice president Xat. Shawmut Bank. 

Edward Waldo Emerson, 1910, Concord, author, physician. 

Curtis Guild, Jr., former governor of Massachusetts. 

Harvard University is strongly represented in the membership of the 
Society. There are thirteen professors and instructors, and about 7? of the ICO 
are Harvard graduates. The law has the largest professional representation, 
with 24 lawyers and judges. A majority of the members are over 65 years of 
age; and less than 18 are under 50. 



(Continued from Vol. II. No. 2.) 

PERSONAL DIARY OF ASHLEY BOW IN OF 

MARBLEHEAD. 

Janry ye 26, 1774, this Night ye Essex Ospital took fier and was Confui 

. with Barn Litthous &c 

February 1774. 
y« lDd M r J Tomson fery 

1 Dd Mrs Wollpy fery" 

y e 1 Arrv John Hooper W Ind 

y e 3 Dd a Child of Ja Adkines 

y 3 arived Will Craw We India 

y 3 Saild Phill Trus Bolomore 

y 5 Dd A M Mrs Bootman fery 

5 Dd a Child of Mr Clottman 

6 Saild John Dixey for Europe 

7 Dd a Son of Rich Dickey fe(ry) 
y 7 Dd a Child of Sam u Boden fery 
y 8 Saild John Stephens W Indies 
y 10 Sail Phily Hoy a fishing 

y 12 Dd M r Tho m Courtis a fery 
y 14 Dornels Boy moved to fery 
y 16 Saild Schooner Adventer Titu 

18 Deb. Meeke moved to fery 

19 ariv Cols & Stacy from Europ 

20 two Children moved to fery 
saild Rockingham 

25 Dd a Child S Bacors fery 

February 2.5 John Watts and John Gillerd Cared to Prison and Released 
by ye mobb and Brott Home Again 

26 arived Ad Rofs from Cad (iz ?) 

26 the Proprietors of Esex Hopi 1 Buryed the hatchet forever 
28 High Sheril at Salem 

March 
y 13 Dd D Meeke a fery 

15 Sailed a Granday in Brig Wolf for Boltemore 
18 Arjved Will Bleaner 

21 Arived Sawin & S* Borbe 

22 Gr^ind town meeting 



DIARY OF ASHLEY BOWEN 241 

22 Sailed John D Dennis 

23 arived Brigg Woodbridg S Poatt 

March y 29 John Cleark Leabr Was Wiped at the Publick Post 
30 a Child of Peras moved to pesthous 

April 

April 1 Robor Smith Cetched in Rd 

April y* 3 Sailed John Batlitt Willson Hickman Drowndded Sailed 
J Procter In M* J Gerry 

4 Sailed Seaflowre Nucom Wm 

5 Sailed Brigg Sally St Barb 

7 Sailed Leviathan Smith W r m 
7 Saild Abigal Boden for Europe 
7 Saild Prittpacket Leach Europe 
7 arved R. Dolebor West Indies 

7 W Picket Cetched most of the Heads of the Town Sumined to 

Ipswich 

8 arived first Isle Sable man G Cleark 
12 Sailed Schooner Joseph Coffen Wm 
16 Saild Igail arivd N Bartlett Juner 

16 Saild Nico Bartlett Score for W Indies 
18 Coll Lee Satt of for Boltomore 
18 Sail Will Andrews for Europe 
y 22 Sailed Schoon Wood be William Sore 

22 this day the Surveirs piched at ye Neck 

23 S d S. Benj Lewis Europe 
Ditto Sam R. Trevit West Indies 
Ditt Cleark a waleman the 4 for 
Ditto D Roborson 

Ditto B Bowden for Europe 

May, 1774. 
May y 3 Sailed B. Calley for Europe 
y 4 Saild The Coller for Europe 
y 4 Saild Corbitt for Madera 
y 5 An Anney went in the Cuntrey 
y 6 Arivd John Gail from Barbadoes 
y 8 Arivd Brig Amhurst London 
y 11 Sailed Al Rofs for Europe 
y 12 Arived John Dixey St Jubes 
Ditt Sailed Brig Woodbrig Pot Eyr 



242 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

y 13 the wife of B Tomson moved S Pox 
arived Sinclear from Barbados 
arived Genl Tho Gage for to be Governor of Boston 

16 arived Brigg Wolf Hill from Lisbon 

17 Ann Giles Compleaining of Smal Pox and a man at Linn has 
Small Pox 

Sailed Ship Vulture Sawin Europe and Amhurst for Xantuckit and 
Willimes for Europe Rain 

18 Saild John Burnam for West Indies 

19 Arived Will L. Craw Barbados 
21 Sailed Mich 1 Wittrong W Indias 

24 Saild Richd Dolleber W Indais 

25 Election 

26 Dd Ledia Bowen wife of Ed Bowen Arived Brig Amhurst Nan- 
tucket 

28 Ledia Bowen Buryed 
May y e 30, 1774, I took Sloop Ashley's Boat and Sounded acrofs ye Har- 
bour of Marblehead from Colo Fowls Worf toward Mr Ben Boden's 
fish fence and the most water Did not Amount to four fathoms and 
at Bodens Rock so called 8 feet and acrofs the harbour I cannot 
find more than five fathoms of W T ater anny ware above ye forte and 
Point of the Neck Weare our Brigs Now Ley there is only four 
fathoms tins to be understood at Low warter on Spring Tides and 
the Tides Ebbs & flows hear at Spring Tide three fathoms nye 

Note the Briggs ley of New Warf about mid way .the harbor the 
deepest warter is abrist our fort 
31 Great Doings at Boston by there tiering So many Guns 
the two and Turty day of May Terrable Times in Jersa 

June 

June y e 1 Ancored hear a Ship from Bristol Sailed Nich Bartlit 

Juner 
Ditt .Sailed David Rofs.in Union our Streets full of Tide Waters 

and other offesers Boston Is Blooked up 
2 d Goven. Gage Com to Salem 
y 4 Leanded a Company of Solders at y e Neck 1 Capt 1 Leout 1 Endsign 

2 Sarge 2 Corporis 40 privets 2 Drums 49 the hole, most of them hath 

wiffs Capt Geroge Dimond master of Tender 
y 6 Sailed Hails in Brig Salley & Sailed Brod Cay Lee boatt wont In 



DIARY OF ASHLEY BOWEN 243 

y 7 Anchord hear many Coasters Sum with wood and sum with Grain our 

Sarchers very Bifse in Sarching them 
y 9 at 8 o clock anchored hear a Ship from London Coffen Master Hallafax 

10 Arived Tuday from W Indays Anchored hear a Brig Bound for 
Boston the offesers oblig Sloops to Reload before they go to Boston 

June 10 this day Arived an Old East India Man at Boston and two Trans- 
ports with His Majestys 4 Regiment and many more Troops from 
England 

11 forenoon pased a Ship for Salem afternoon Arived J D Dennis and 
2 Brigs one from ye Cost of Affrica Waleman one new from Boston 

12 Sailed Ship Coffen Nantucket, and new Brig Littel Brig Cockhown at 
Salem James Nothey 

13 at 9 o Clock Anchored here Brig Nancy Power from Cadis 

Ancor a Brig from Boston for Quebec and Pased a Ship from Chals- 
town to Salem much foog Sailed Ship Chriftian Williamson for 
Sheepogatt Sailed many wood men for Boston Saild Brig Walliman 
for Plimouth 

14 this day is the Last day of marchamen Let out of Boston We hear 
4000 Troops Landed on long worf yesterday at Bos anchored hear Capt 
Mc Neal from boston for Quebic Sailed a brig for Quebic Arived 
Richd James W Indies Returned Jermiah Lee Esq from Boltimore 

15^Vbout this time Last year the 1773 Small Pox began hear S. Mathews 
first Sailed Capt Mc Neal for Quebic Rain No Small Pox at all 
now In Town 

16 this day our Streets is So full of Straing faces that a man Can not See 
his one unlefs he Sees his Wifes the last Evening aRived S. Gail 
Sum of the mercenmen turne wood on Costers and any shift to Gitt 
them to Bost Sailed LeCrow for W Indies 

17 this day much Rain Sailed a Brig for Boston with wood Arived 
John Stephe(ns) We hear our Great and General Coart is Disolved 
Sum thing to be dun in Septem 

18 this day Sailed Stephen Bleaner Europe Pased a brig to Salem from 
w Indias this afternoon all our bells Rung for what 

19 this Day Arived David Lee Cadis 

20 this day much Wind S W many wood Sloops in our Harbour ft Sum 
Grain men 

21 this day Superior Cort in Ipswich Rain Wind N E many men gone 
To Ipswich Came in many Woodmen and Sum are furnerers Sum 
Walemen and fishermen 



244 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

22 this day fair wind at N W many of our People are Gone to Ipswich 

many wood men gone to Boston 
y 23 this day Sailed Capt Smith in a Learg dubl Deck Schooner for Boston 
y 24 this day Anchored hear a brigg and two Learg Schooners and a Dubble 

deck Sloop Sailed John Gail for West Ind Rain the body of a man 

Drove on Shore at Bartt farmes and was buryed after a Jury had Sat 

Sailed many wood men for Boston Note the woodmen are obliged to 

have on Board two Soldors and a Tidewater when they go to Boston 

the Soldors are landed at the Castle and the Tide water Discharged at 

their arrival at the town of Boston an walk home 
y 25 this day Arved Snow Champion Green a town meeting Pased a brigg 

to Salem Arived y Tender With Soldors and Small Sloop Tender 

Deliverd Hardwood Sqr Gier 
y 26 this day Sailed many Sloops with wood for Boston Came from Salem 

Brigg Cookhown fine growing weather 
y 27 this day Sailed Cockhown for ye La arived Schoone from Ditto Tis 

Said the officers and Solders are to Come on this Sid y Water Sailed 

many Sloops with wood for Boston Town meeting for Jury men 

and Sumthing else 
y 28 Nothing very Remarkable but a very Smart Shower of Rain this 

afternoon 
y 29 this day foggy ye first parte of later fair weather Tillie and N 

Gordon ir a coming Sum Learg ships gon to Boston 
y 30 the Last Night arived Tittle this morning foggy I find Brigg S 

Bowl in our harbor Pased a Ship for Salem Anchored hear a Ship 

from Sea Sailed Sum woodmen for Boston 

. July 1774 
1 Sailed a Transport Ship with Troops for Boston Arived Snow Gur- 

doque George Gording from London arived a Brigg from Salem 

Greate to Do at Boston 
July 1 This day Vice Adm Graves Arived at Boston in the Preston 50 

of the Blew 
y 2 Sailed Sum woodmen for Boston and Schooner Absalem to be Rebult 
y 3 this day Arived Merrick from Falmouth much Rain E Bowen publ 

To M" D. Howks which is to be his 4 th Wife 
y 4 this day arivd S Rus Trevit from W Indays great Doing at Boston. 
y 5 Governer Gage Dined at the Honorable Robert Hoopers Dwelin House 

Sailed Sinclear for arived a Schooner Waleman 



DIARY OF ASHLEY BOWEN 245 

Wednesday y e 6 Close Weather arived a brigg from London Lowering 

Mast arived William Dennis from W Indies 
y 7 much Rain Sailed Sum Wood Sloops for Boston and Sum of our Cod 

fishermen Sum time this night Saild a brigg for Plimouth 
y 8 fair Weather Sailed His mag«y Ship Captain Vice Adm Mountieer for 

England many Sloops Gon to Boston Come in many Wood Sloops 
y 9 Sailed Sum wood Sloops for Boston Nothing Remarkable No News 

Is commonly Good News 

Sunday y 10 Nothing Remarkable 

Monday y 11 a Town meeting for what 

Tuesday y 12 fair weather all is well except Stickneys Boatt 

y 13 fair w r eather anchored hear a Brigg from Salem and Topsail Schoon 

from See at 1-2 past Noon Departed this life Capt Tho m Garry 

Arived John Coller falm 
y 14 Close w r eather grand Turtal frolick 
y 15 at 1 o. clock p m Sailed Snow Gordoque G Gording for Verjeny this 

Evening the Remains of Capt T Garry was Buryed Anchored hear a 

Learge Schooner 
y 16 Sailed Brig Nancy Power Europe anchored a Brig from Salem 
y 17 very warme this Evening smart thunder 
y 18 Anchored hear a Brig and Learg Schooner We hear Capt Edward 

Bowen was married to Deberer his fourth wife the Last even only 

about 20 1-2 y r odds 
y 19 Sailed Merricks for Europe 
y 20 Sailed Brig Pheanes Tucker 

21 a Wigg fast Anchored 2 Briggs irom St Ubes and a Learg D Schoo- 
ner from Sea 

22 Sailed a brigg for Bristol oyle 

23 Anchored a Learg TopsSail Schooner from Sea 

24 this day 12 mounth wife moved to y e Small Pox house quite hot 
arived J Hooper from Falmouth and 3 Brigg & 4 schooners 

25 Sailed a Transport for Boston 

26 Nothing Remarkable Leg hear the Brigg from Quebic 

27 Nothing Remarkable but No Bark Is to go to Boston without Bonds 

28 Anchored hear a Learg Sloop Waleman Sailed for Boston two Learg 
Top Sail Schooners and Sum Wood Sloops sum Sloops cum from 
Boston Capt David Lee gone To Marchester in y Rofth Cheas very 111 

29 Nothing Remarkable but a Numder of wood Sloops Came from ye 
East ward 

30 mainy Wood Sloops Saild for Boston 

31 tis Said that Capt Mathews is Seased Arived many Wood Sloops 



[ThUu the second half of the ninth of a series of articles, giving the organization and history of all the 
Massachusetts regiments which took part in the war of the EUvoluti n] 

COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S 
REGIMENT 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 



{Concluded.) 

SURGEON'S MATE AARON PUTNAM held that rank in this regiment 
as early as July 5, 1775. He also served in that rank in COLONEL LOA- 
MMI BALDWIN'S 26th Continental Regiment from January 1 to Dec. 31, 
1776. January 1, 1777, he was chosen Surgeon of Colonel Vose's 1st Regi- 
ment Massachusetts line. He was reported discharged October 20, 1777. The 
"Historical Register of the Officers of the Continental Army" states that he 
resigned on that date. 

(The name of BENJAMIN VARNUM as Surgeon's mate of this 
regiment is given in the "Historical Register of the Officers of the Continental 
Army" but no such name appears with that rank in the Massachusetts Ar- 
chives. ) 

ADJUTANT DANIEL HARDY of Bradford held that rank and not 
Quartermaster as erroneously stated in the "Historical Register of the Offi- 
cers of the Continental Army." His name first appears as Adjutant in a 
list of the field and staff officers, April 19, 1775. The name is crossed off on 
this list but appears again on a list dated May 2, 1775. 

QUARTERMASTER BENJAMIN FOSTER of Boxford, was in Colonel 
James Frye's Regiment which responded to the Lexington Alarm. His 
name was crossed off from the original list in the Archives. He was Quarter- 
master-Sergeant in Captain William Perley's Company in this regiment. 
May 17, 1775. He was Quartermaster of Colonel Isaac Smith's Essex County 
Regiment, commissioned March 13, 1770 and according to a return dated 
September 30, 1776 held the same rank in Colonel Jonathan Coggswell's 3 d 
Essex County Regiment on that date. 

CAPTAIN BENJAMIN AMES of Andover lived in West Andover 
"the South Parish." In 1757 he served as a private in Captain John Foster's 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 247 

4th Andover Company in Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment. He was 
a lieutenant in Captain Samuel Phillips 4th Andover Company in Colonel 
John Osgood, Jr.'s 4th Essex County Regiment in L7G2. He commanded a 
company in Colonel James Frye's Regiment in response to the Lexington 
Alarm of April 19, 1776, and May 20, was commissioned in the same Regi- 
ment in the Provincial Army. He was in the Battle of Bunker Hill. 

"We the subscribers, officers and soldiers in Captain Benjamin Ames's 
Company, in Col. James Frye's regiment, pray you Gentlemen to Deliver to 
Lieut. David Chandler or Lieut. Isaac Abbott the coats we are entitled toe 
by vote of a late Congress, and their Receipt shall be your discharge for the 
same. 
Cambridge, Nov. 14, 1775." 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM HUDSON BALLARD of Amesbury (later New 
Boston) was born in Rhode Island about 1739. He was a cooper in 
Newbury in 1756. He was at that time a member of Colonel Kingsbury's 
Company in Colonel Greenleaf s Regiment. Later in the year as a resident 
of Newbury he was a private in Captain Beniah Young's Company Colonel 
Jonathan Bagley's Regiment at Fort William Henry. He was reported sick. 
His commission as Captain in Colonel James Frye's Regiment was ordered 
May 20, 1775. He served in that command through the year. He held the 
same rank through 1776 in Colonel Asa Whitcomb's 6th Continental Regi- 
ment. January 1, 1777 he became a Captain in Colonel Ichabod Alden's 
7th Regiment. Massachusetts line. July 1, 1779 he was promoted to the 
rank of Major. He retired January 1, 17S1 and was made a member of the 
Committee of Safety in that town in the same year. He died in December, 
1814. 

CAPTAIN JOHN CURRIER of Amesbury was born in Haverhill about 
1730. He resided in Newbury in 1756, and was a Sergeant in Colonel 
Jonathan Bayley's Regiment. He was a Lieutenant in Captain Richard 
Sykes Co (?), May 30 to Dec. 3, 1759, on the Crown Point expedition. He 
commanded a company of Minute Men in Colonel Isaac "Merrells" Regiment, 
on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. In May he was made a Captain 
in Colonel James Frye's Provincial Regiment and served through the year 
under that commander. 

The Committee of Safety voted May 14, 1775 that: — 
"Capt. John Currier have one set of beating orders for Col. Frye's regi- 
ment, and in case it should not be consented to by the Colonel, he agrees to 
join that regiment which shall be thought most convenient." 



248 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

CAPTAIN JOHN DAVIS of Methuen was probably the John Davis born 
Andover, about 1741, residence Newbury, son of Mark Davis, who enlisted 
Feb. 22, 1760 to serve in Canada. He was Captain of a company of Minute 
Men in Colonel James Frye's Regiment, on the Lexington alarm April 19, 
1775. His commission as Captain in Col. James Frye's Regiment in the 
Provincial Army was ordered May 20, 1775 and he served through the year. 
He delivered his firelock January 31, 1771). He served as a Captain in' Col- 
onel Jonathan Coggswell's 3d Essex County Regiment from Sept. 25 to Dec. 
31, 1778. A company commanded by him was detached Nov. 16, 1779, 
"to guard & fortify posts about Boston." 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN EVANS of Salisbury commanded a company of 
Minute Men in Colonel James Frye's Regiment on the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775. His name appears in a list of officers in Colonel Frye's 
Provincial Army Regiment May 20, 1775. He served through the year under 
the same commander. He was a captain in Colonel Samuel Johnson's 
4th Essex County Regiment, engaged August 15, 1777. Rations were allowed 
him to December 13, of that year. Similar rank was held by him in Colonel 
Nathaniel Wade's Regiment from July 1, 1778 to January 1, 1779. 

CAPTAIN BENJAMIN FARNUM of Andover was the son of Tim- 
othy and Dinah (Ingalls) Farnum. He was one of the Committee of 
Circumspection, June 1774. He was chosen Ensign in Captain Thomas 
Poor, Jun's Company in Colonel Samuel Johnson's 4th Regiment of Essex 
County Militia, January 31, 1775. At the time of the Lexington Alarm he 
was First Lieutenant in Captain Thomas Poor's Company in Colonel James 
Frye's Regiment. His commission as Captain under the same commander 
was ordered May 20, 1775. He was wounded in the battle of Bunker Hill 
and the following tradition has been preserved by his descendants : — 

"A private John Barber, seeing his captain and friend Benjamin Farnum 
lying wounded in the path of the retreat, took him upon his shoulders, and 
steadying him by putting his gun across under his knees, bade him hold fast, 
and started off on a run, calling out 'the regulars shan't have Ben.' '' It is 
said that members of the Abbot and Barker families claim that Isaac Abbot 
was the man thus rescued. He lost articles to the value of £ 3:13:00 in the 
battle, and was reimbursed to that amount. He was commissioned Captain 
in Colonel Isaac Smith's Militia Regiment, March 13, 1776. He held the 
same rank in Colonel Ebenezer Francis's and Colonel Benjamin Tupper's 
11th Regiment Massachusetts Line, from the time of its formation, January 
1, 1777 until he resigned March 28, 1779. He wrote a diary during the 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 249 

Ticonderoga Campaign in which this regiment was engaged and many intci 
ing extracts from it are given in Miss Bailey's "History of Andover." The 
record ended with the departure of Captain Benjamin from the camp suffer- 
ing with the smallpox. He became deacon of the First Church in Andover in 
1790. The following newspaper note is interesting: — 

"Observing in a late Boston Patriot since the death of Gen. Dearborn, 
that he was the last surviving captain who was at the ever memorable battle 
of the 17th June 1775 on Bunker Hill, and of the only five who were present 
at the laying of the corner stone of the monument in 1825, T would state that 
I am informed that Capt. Benjamin Farnum commanded the Andover In- 
fantry Company on that memorable day and was on the same spot fifty years 
afterwards, and is now also alive and in his eighty-third year. Although 
some infirm and lame from the wounds received in the action by two balls 
in his thigh, one of which has been extracted and he still keeps it as a valu- 
able relict of that eventful day's carnage. Capt. Farnum still sustains the 
office of deacon of the North church in Andover which he has honorably and 
respectably filled for nearly forty years. "Andover North, 17th June, 1S29." 
Bailey's History of Andover, p. 327. 

He died December 4, 1833, aged 87. 

CAPTAIN NATHANIEL GAGE of Bradford was an Ensign in Captain 
Benjamin Milliken's Company, Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment, in 
1757. He commanded a company of Minute Men in Colonel James Frye's 
Regiment on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775, and held the rank of Capt- 
ain under the same Commander through the year. He was in the battle of 
Bunker Hill and lost articles there. April 3, 1776 he was commissioned 
Captain in Colonel Samuel Johnson's 4th Regiment, Essex County Militia, 
and December 24th 1776 held the same rank in Colonel Timothy Pickering's 
1st Essex County Regiment. He was also a Captain in Major Benjamin 
Gage's Regiment from September 30 to November 6, 1777. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM PERLEY of Boxford was the son of Captain 
Francis and Huldah (Putnam ) Perley. His mother was a sister of General 
Israel Putnam. He was born in ^Boxford, February 11, 1755. He was a 
member of his father's 1st Boxford Company in Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's 
Regiment in 1757. He was engaged February 16, 1775 as a Captain in Col- 
onel James Frye's Regiment and served in that rank on the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775. April 26, 1775 he was engaged for service in the same rank 
and regiment in the Provincial Army and served through the year. He 
died March 29, 1812. 



250 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

CAPTAIN JONAS RICHARDSON (town not given, probably Woburn I 

was probably the "Captain Jonas" son of Major Joseph and Martha (Wyman ) 
Richardson, who was born Woburn January 1, 1731-2. His commi 
Captain in Colonel James Frye's Regiment was the subject of a resolve dat.-d 
May 20, 1775. He served through the year and died January 11, 1776 at 
Woburn. 

CAPTAIN JAMES SAWYER of Haverhill was a member of the Lieutenant 
Benjamin Gale's 1st Haverhill Company in Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's 
Regiment in 1757. He was a miller and in 176S was granted the privilege 
of flowing the Great Pond to save water to giving his mill. He was a m< 
ber of the Committee of Safety of Haverhill, January 30, 1775. He served 
as Captain of a company in Colonel James Frye's Regiment on the Lexington 
alarm of April 19, 1775. He received his commission in the Provincial 
Army May 20, 1775 and was present at the battle of Bunker Hill with fifty- 
two members of Iris company, two of whom, John Eaton and Simeon I' 
were killed. He served through the year in this regiment. June 2, 1777 
he was chosen on a Committee to see that the regulating act was earned into 
effect. He loaned sixty pounds to the town of Haverhill May 5, 177.^ to 
raise soldiers. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT DAVID CHANDLER of Andover was the 
son or ward of Timothy Chandler. He was a corporal in Captain John 
Abbot's 2nd Company in Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment service at- 
tested April IS, 1757. In 17G2 he was Ensign in the 2d Andover Company 
in Colonel John Osgood Jun's 4th Essex County Regiment. He was a 
Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Ames Company of Minute Men in Colonel 
James Frye's Regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. His name 
appears in a return list dated May 7, 1775. He was in the battle of Bunker 
Hill and lost articles there. He served through the year. In 177G he was 
First Lieutenant in Colonel Paul Dudley Sargent's 16th Continental Regiment. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WELLS CHASE of Amesbury was the son of 
W T ells Chase. He was born about 1741. He was a member of the 2nd Militia 
Company of Amesbury, commanded by Captain Richard Kelly in June 1757. 
April (3, 1759, at the age of IS, he enlisted in Colonel Joseph Gerrish Jun's 
Regiment. From November 4, 1759 to December 9, 1760 he was a private in 
Captain Samuel George's Company. He was a private under the same cap- 
tain in Colonel Bagley's Regiment, at Louisburg from January 1 to Decem- 
ber 9, 1760. He served as a Lieutenant in Captain Matthias Hoyt's Company 






i ■ 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 251 

of Minute Men on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, L7T5. His name first appears 

as First Lieutenant in Captain John Currier's Company, Colonel James Fr 
Regiment, May 26, 1775. He was wounded in the battle of Bunker Hill 
and lost a "bayonet, gun, coat, great coat, knapsack and shoes." 

LIEUTENANT T FOX. This name is given in an undated list pre- 
served in the Massachusetts Archives. He is there credited with the rank of 
Ensign in Captain Jonas Richardson's Company, Colonel James Frye's Regi- 
ment. In another list bearing date of May 20, 1775, he is given as Lieuten- 
ant without Christian name or initial or town. 

(FIRST LIEUTENANT BALLARD FULLER. This name is given in 
the "Historical Register of the Officers of the Continental Army," but does 
not appear in the Massachusetts Archives. It is evidently a mistake. ) 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ELI GALE was in Captain William Hudson Bal- 
lard's Company in Colonel James Frye's Regiment in 1775. The editor of the 
"Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War" states that 
"He may have been the man of that name who was engaged for the town 
of Amesbury in 1779, for services in Lieut. Col. Farrnald's Company, Colonel 
Michael Johnson's Sth Regiment. Service July 22, 1779 to April 22, 1780; 
or the man bearing that name from Amesbury who was a Lieutenant in Lt. 
Col. Jonathan Baldwin's Regiment of Artificers, engaged Nov. 12, 1779." 

FIRST LIEUTENANT NATHANIEL HERRICK of Methuen served in 
Captain Daniel BodwelTs Company, Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment. 
List attested April 19, 1757. From April 27 to October 0, 1757 he was a 
private in Captain Israel Herrick's Company. He was reported as enlisted in 
Colonel James Frye's Regiment February 14, 1775. His name appears as 
Lieutenant in Captain John Davis's Company, Colonel James Frye's Regi- 
ment in returns dated May 17., and October 5, 1775. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT TIMOTHY JOHNSON of Haverhill was the son 
of Captain Daniel and Susanna (Bixby) Johnson of Haverhill. He was born 
about 1737. He was a member of the 3d Foot Company in Haverhill in 1757. 
He marched in a detachment of that company commanded by Lieut. Reuben 
Currier as far as Worcester, in August, 1757 on the way to relieve Fort \\ il- 
liam Henry. He was in Captain George's Company, Colonel Bagley's Regi- 
ment at Lake George in 175S. March 29, 1759, he enlisted for service in 
Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment for the invasion of Canada. From 
November 2, 1759 to January 12, 1761, he was a Sergeant in Captain Ed- 



252 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

mund Mooer's Company of Haverhill, in Colonel Bagley's Regiment. He 
marched on the Lexington Alarm of April 19, 177."). as a Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain James Sawyer's Company of Minute Men, in Colonel James Frye's R< 
ment, and continued to serve in the same rank and Company through the 
year. He was in the battle of Bunker Hill and lost a gun there. He was 
a Captain in Colonel Isaac Smith's Regiment (probably 1776 I and v. as com- 
missioned commander of the 10th (Haverhill ) Company in the 4th E 
County Regiment, April 3, 1776. In a return dated September 30, 1770, his 
name appears as Captain of a Company in Colonel Jonathan Coggswell's 
3d Essex County Regiment. He gave financial assistance to the cause 
liberty by loaning various sums to the town of Haverhill to raise soldiers; 
£ 90 in 1778, £ 900 July 2, 1779 and £ 90, August 23, 1779. August 5, 1779 
he was chosen on a committee in Haverhill to see that the recommendations 
of the Constitutional Convention were carried out. He was a member of the 
militia of the town called out in 1787 to help suppress Shays' s Rebellion. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN MERRILL of Salisbury was a private in 
Captain Samuel George's Company in Colonel Bagley's Regiment from January 
1 to December 9, 1760; [and in Captain Edmund Mooer's Company, (residence 
at that time Andover ) from June 6 to December 6 endorsed 1761. He was a 
Lieutenant in Captain Jonathan Evans's Company of Minute Men, Colonel 
James Frye's Regiment on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. His name 
appears in returns of the same company and regimental commanders May 
17 and October 6, 1775. He also served as First Lieutenant in Captain Moses 
Norwell's Company, Colonel Titcomb's Regiment, April-July, 1777. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN ROBINSON of Boxford, was the son of 
Joseph and Mehitable ( Eames) Robinson. He was born in Andover in 1739. 
He served as a private in the 1st Company of Andover in Lieut. Colonel John 
Osgood's Regiment in April, 1757. From April 3 to November 2 (endorsed 
1758) he was a private in Captain Israel Herrick's Company in Colonel Jedediah 
Preble's Regiment. He served from May 26, 1760 to April 16, 1761 in Captain 
Francis Peabody's Company. He was engaged as Lieutenant in Captain 
William Perley's Company of Minute Men, April 1(5, 1775, and responded to 
the Lexington alarm on the 19th in this same company in Colonel James Frye s 
Regiment. On the 26th of the month he was engaged to serve under the same 
officers and continued in that company through the year. He was commis- 
sioned April 7, 1776, Captain of a company in Colonel Samuel Johnson's 4th 
Essex County Regiment. October 4, 1777 he was engaged as Captain in 



*f*. 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 253 

Major Gage's Regiment and served until November 6, of that year. From 
July 10 to December 1, 1781 he held the same rank in Colonel William 
Turner's Regiment for service in Rhode Island. Mr. Sidney Perley in his book 
"The Dwellings of Boxford" tells us that "he was instrumental in preventing 
a mutiny among the soldiers during the terrible winter they spent at Valley 
Forge, and for this and other valuable services. General Washington ; 
sented him with a sword, which is now in the possession of his great grandson 
Prof. John Robinson of Salem" He was on a committee "to examine the 
Constitution" which reported May 30, 17S0. He was called Major in 17s f J. 
He served as a committee on the Aaron Wood legacy in Boxford in 17<i3. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT THOMAS STICKNEY of Bradford served in 
the 2d Company of Bradford commanded by Captain Jonathan Bailey in Lieut. 
Colonel John Osgood's Regiment in 1757. He was Lieutenant in Captain 
Nathaniel Gage's Company of Minute Men in Colonel James Frye's Regiment 
on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. His name appears on returns dated 
May J 7th and September 6, 1775 showing service under the same officers. On 
the later list he is called "First Lieutenant." He held this same rank in Captain 
John Savory's Sth Company in Colonel Samuel Johnson's 4th Essex County 
Regiment, his commission bearing date of April 3, 1776. August 15. 1777 
he was engaged as Lieutenant in Captain Joseph Eaton's Company in Colonel 
Samuel Johnson's 4th Essex County Regiment and served until November 20th 
of the same year. He was First Lieutenant in the same company and regi- 
ment, June 5, 1778. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ISAAC ABBOT as "Isaac Abbot Jun." was 
a member of Captain John Abbot's 2d Company of Andover in Lieut. Colonel 
John Osgood's Regiment in 1757. Doctor Isaac Abbot, probably his father, 
was also a member of the same company in 1757. He was Second Lieuten- 
ant in Captain Benjamin Ames's Company, Colonel James Frye's Regiment, 
on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. He held the same rank under the 
above officers in the Provincial Army in May — June 1775 and was wounded in 
the battle of Bunker Hill. Family tradition is responsible for the belief held 
by some that he and not Captain Benjamin Farnum was the man who was 
rescued in the battle by John Barker. See account of Captain Benjamin 
Farnum in this article. Lieutenant Isaac Abbot's name also appears on a 
return dated October 6, 1775. After the war he kept a tavern in Andover and 
General Washington was entertained there November 5, 17S9. He was elected 
deacon of the South Church in Andover, in 1794. He died in August, 1830, 



254 ' THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ELIPHALET BODWELLof Methuen was the 

son or ward of "Ja. Bodwell," and served as a private in Captain Richard 
Saltonstall's Company from May 7, to October 23, 1737. He was m I 
part of the Company which was in the capitulation of Fort William Henry, 
August 9, 1757. His service as a soldier in Captain Daniel Bodwell 
pany, Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment was attested to April 1*.'. 
1757. He was a private in Captain William Barron's Company from April 
11 to December 17 (endorsed 17G0). In the following year he was a private 
in Captain Edmund Mooer's Company from July 21 to December 6, 1761. 
He was appointed Second Lieutenant in Captain John Davis's Company, 
Colonel James Frye's Regiment February 14, 1775, and served in that rank at 
the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. He held this same rank under the above 
officers through the year. March 13, 1776 he was commissioned First 
Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Farnum's Company, Colonel Isaac Smith's 
Regiment. He was a Captain in Colonel Edward Wigglesworth's 13th Reg- 
iment, Massachusetts Line. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT NATHANIEL EATON of Haverhill, was the 
son of James Eaton. He served as a private in Captain Joseph Smith's 
Company from March 10 to December 4, (endorsed 1760. ) In 1762 he 
was a private in Captain Edmund Mooer's Company. Chase in his "His- 
tory of Haverhill" states that from July 19 to December 4, 1761 he was a 
private in Captain Nathaniel Mooer's Company. He was an Ensign in Cap- 
tain James Sawyer's Company Essex County Regiment, Massachusetts Militia, 
probably in 1775. On the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775 he was Second 
Lieutenant in Colonel James Frye's Regiment. He lost articles in the bat- 
tle of Bunker Hill. He served through this year. February 3, 1777 he was 
commissioned Captain in Colonel Ebenezer Francis's 11th Regiment Mass- 
achusetts Line. This record was crossed out but his commission was or- 
dered February 20, 1777. His name does not appear in the "Historical Reg- 
ister of the Officers of the Continental Army." He loaned £'o0 to the town 
of Haverhill for war expenses, August 23, 1779. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT REUBEN EVANS of Salisbury, was the 
son of Thomas 3 (Thomas 2 , John 1 ) and Dorothy (Stockman) (Joseph 1 , John 1 ) 
Evans. He was born December 28, 1741. He was a brother of Captain 
Jonathan Evans, also of this regiment. His trade was that of a carpenter 
and cabinet-maker, and furniture made by him is still in use by his descen- 
dants. He was an Ensign in Captain Jonathan Evans's Company in Colonel 



COLONEL JAMES FRYE'S REGIMENT 255 

James Frye's Regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 10, 1773. In a return 
dated May 20, 1775, his name appears as Lieutenant in the same company. 
September 23, 177G, he was Second Lieutenant in Captain John Peabody's 
Company, Colonel Ebenezer Francis's Regiment for the defence of B 
He died at Salisbury July IS, 1775. His funeral service was the first servi 
of any kind held in the Rocky Hill Meeting House, then partially completed. 
His burial place in Salisbury Plains Cemetery was marked by a new stone 
about 1900. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ELIPHALET HARDY of Bradford was pos- 
sibly the son of Captain Eliphalet Hardy of Colonel John Osgood's Jims. 
4th Essex County Regiment in 1762. He was an Ensign in Captain Nathaniel 
Gage's Company, Colonel James Frye's Essex County Militia probably before 
the war, and April 19, 1775 marched on the Lexington alarm as Second 
Lieutenant of the same Company. He served through the year. March 13, 
1776 he was commissioned First Lieutenant in Captain Timothy Johnson's 
Company, Colonel Isaac Smith's Regiment. March 14, 177S he was com- 
missioned Captain in Colonel Nathaniel Wade's Regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT SAMUEL JOHNSON, JR. of Andover was the 
son of Colonel Samuel Johnson who commanded a regiment of Minute Men in 
1775 and the 4th Essex County Regiment in 1776-9. He enlisted January 
31, 1775, as Second Lieutenant in Captain Thomas Poor's Company, Colonel 
James Frye's Regiment, and marched April 19, 1775 on the Lexington alarm. 
His name appears as Lieutenant in returns dated May 17 and October 6, 1775. 
He was a First Lieutenant in Captain John Peabody's 4th Essex County Reg- 
iment, and was commissioned April 3,1776. A return sworn to March 7, 1777. 
shows that he was a Captain in Colonel Wigglesworth's 13th Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Line and later in the year held the same rank in Colonel Jonathan 
Titcomb's 2d Essex County Regiment. August 7, 1777 he was commissioned 
Captain of the Company formerly commanded by Captain John Peabody, in 
the 4th Essex County Regiment commanded by his father Colonel Samuel 
Johnson. He lived in the house in Andover which his father Colonel Samuel 
Johnson had occupied. This was later owned and occupied by Mr. J. D. W. 
French of Boston. He was a member of the Committee of Arrangements for 
the ceremonies following the death of President Washington. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT CYRUS MARBLE of Andover was a private 
in Captain Israel Herrick's Company from April 26 to October 6, 1757. At that 
time he was a ward of Thomas Bragg. January 31, 1775, he was a Sergeant in 



256 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Thomas Poor's Company of Minute Men ,n Qolonel James Frve's Regiment 
and neld that rank at the t.me of the Lexington alarm Lfl ,.," ,--- 
In a return dated May 17, 1775 his name appears as Ensign in the same ' 
pany He lost articles m the battle of Bunker Hill. October 6 L775 i ■ 
2nd Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Farnum's Companv in the same r 
Apnl 3 1776, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant in CaptamJ 
Farnum s Companv m Colonel Samuel Johnson's 4th Essex County Regimen 
and when Captain Samuel Johnson assumed command of the company August 
7,1777, he became First Lieutenant. June 29. 17S0. he was appointed First 
Lieutenant in Captain John Abbot's Company in Colonel Nathaniel Wade's 
Regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT BENJAMIN PERLEYof Boxford was the son 

of Jacob and Sarah (Morse) Perley. He was a private in Captain Israel Davis's 
Company on the Crown Point expedition, September 1 to November .30 (en- 
dorsed 1756. ) He was a Lieutenant in Captain William Perlev's Companv at 
the time of the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775, and a Lieutenant in the same 
company in a return dated May 17, 1775. In June, 1777 he was chosen "to 
procure all the evidence that may be had respecting any one that is suspected 
of being unfriendly to the rights and liberties of America, agreeable to the 
direction of the General Court." He was a Selectman and Overseer in Box- 
ford in 1774, 1778, 1779 and 17S1, and a constable in 1770. He held many 
other town officers. His house took fire in 1816 and he was burned. 

ENSIGN NATHANIEL PERLEY is given as Quartermaster of Captain 
William Perley's Company in Col. James Frye's Regiment, in a return dated 
May 17, 1775. 

ENSIGN EBBNEZER HERRICK was a private in Lieutenant Nathan 
Chandler's Company, Colonel John Osgood's Regiment on an expedition for 
the relief of Fort William Henry in August, 1757. At that time Benjamin 
Herrick was his father or master. He was Ensign and Sergeant Major in 
Captain John SDavis's Company in Colonel James Frye's Regiment. May 17, 
1775. He is also given as private, date of enlistment May 14, 1775. He 
was killed at Bunker Hill June 17, 1775, and claim was made for the value 
of a gun and cartridge box which he lost at that time. 



MASSACHUSETTS IN LITERATURE 



By Charles A. Flagg 



Recent titles of a historical or descriptive character dealing with the state or its localities Thr 
eludes not only books and pamphlets, but articles wherever tound; in periodicals so. ietv publi'-atior 

While It primarily calls attention to material appearing since the last issue of this magazine ireuuently 
titles are included which had been overlooked in previous numbers. 



GENERAL 

Bridgman. A souvenir of Mass. legislators 
100S. Volume XVII. A. M. Briclgman. 
;Stoughton, 1908. 1S6 p. 

Cutter. Genealogical and personal memoirs 
relating to the families of the state of Mass. 
Prepared under the editorial supervision of 
W. R. Cutter ....assisted by W. F. Adams, New 
York, Lewis Historical Pub. Co., 1910. 4 v. 

Daughters. State conference, Mass. D. A. R. 
By H. Josephine Hayward, asst. state historian. 
(American monthly magazine, July, 1910, v. 37, 
p. 59-62.) 

Green. Old milestones leading from Boston. 
By S. A. Green (Mass. Historical Society. 
Proceedings, 1909. 3d ser. v., 2, p. 87-111.) 

HlGGINSON. New England's plantation, with 
the sea journal and other writings. By Rev. 
Francis Higginson. Salem, Essex Book and 
Print Club, 1908. 132 p. 

No. 1 of the Club's publications. 

Mass. Report of the Commissioners on war 
records, Jan. 1908 [ — Jan., 1910.] Boston, 
1908 [ — 1910.] 3 vols. 

Public document no. f>6 for the respective years. 
Relating to service of Mass. men in the Civil war; 
: series began in 1901. 

Mass. Secretary's annual circular, number 15 
. . . Twelfth Mass. (Webster) Regiment Asso- 
ciation, August, 1910. 14 p. 

Secretary, George Kimball, 21 Forest street, 
Lexington. 

Mass. The Massachusetts Magazine, pub- 
lished quarterly. Vol. I. [Salem, The Salem 
Press Co.] 1908. 296 p. 

Mass. Vol. II. [Salem, The Salem Press 

Co.] 1909. 260 p. 

Meader. The little wars of the republic. By 
J. S. Meader. I. Shay's rebellion (Americana, 
N. Y. July, 1910. v. 5, p. 661-670.) 

Powell. First canals on American continent; 
investigations into the beginnings of inland 



transportation in America. By F. W. Powell. 
(Journal of American history. 3d quarter, 1910. 
v. 4, p. 407-416.) 

Treats of early Mass canals, including the S 
Hadley, Montague, Paw tucket, Middlesex, B 
stone. New Ha\en and .Northamptun cana.s and the 
Mass. canal project. 

Skelton. The story of New England illus- 
trated, being a narrative of the principal events 
from the arrival of the Pilgrims in 1620 and of 
the Puritans in 1624 to the present time. Bv 



Boston, E. O. Skelton, 191 o. 



E. O. Skelton 
140 p. 

Swan. Waking up Massachusetts. By H. F. 
Swan (New England magazine, July, 1910. 
v. 42, p. 615-619.) 

What different agencies are doine to call atten- 
tion to the agricultural possibilities 01 Mass and Sew 
England. 

Titus. The last survivors of the war for inde- 
pendence. Furnished by Rev. Anson Titus. 
(American monthly magazine, May — Sept, 1910. 
v. 36, p. 536-5.38, 720-722; v. 37, p. 30-32, 
i3^> I 3i, 233-235.) 

1,000 names, with date of decease, chiefly de- 
rived Irom newspapers. Nearly all the deaths oc- 
curred after 1830, and a large proportion in M 
The sections cover: Abbott — Battell; He->.n — Hoy .en. 
Bradley — Barton; Capen — ('lough: Cobb — Day, re- 
spectively. 

LOCAL 
Auburndale, see Xewton*. 
Barnstable County. Abstracts of Barnstable 
County probate records. By G. E. Bowman 
(Mayflower descendant, April, 1910. v. 12. p. 
88-90.) 

Hart 9 (1689-1691): series began in July 1900. 
v. 2, p. 176. 

Boston. Boston's Latin quarter. By Mitchell 
Mannering. (National magazine, Aug., 1910. 
v. 32, p. 489-492.) 

Historic happenings on Boston Common. 

I. — In colonial and provincial days. By Marion 

F. Lansing. (Xew England magazine, July, 
1910. v. 42, p. 565-573.) 



25S 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Historic happenings on Boston Common. 

II. — Pageants of Revolutionary davs. Bv 
Marion F. Lansing. (New England magazine, 
Aug., 1910. v. 42, p. 727-731.) 

Old South chapter, D. A. R. By Sarah R. 

Sturgis (American monthly magazine, Julv, 
1910. # v. 37, p. 41-43) 

"Seeing Boston" with the rubbernecks. 

(National magazine, Aug., 191 o. v. 32, p. 
493-499-) 

This week in Boston. Vol. IX., Aug. 1, 

1909- Feb. 5, 1910. No. 210-236. Boston, 
The Innovation Publishing Co., 1909-10 

■ see also Charlestown. 

Brimfield. Stage days in Brimfield, a century 
of mail and coach. Mary A. Tarbell. [Spring- 
field, The F. A. Bassette Co., 1909.] 32 p. 

Brockton. Names of soldiers of the American 
Revolution, buried in the old North Precinct of 
Bridgewater (now Brockton). By Deborah 
Sampson chapter, D. A. R. (American monthly 
magazine, June, 191 o. v. 36, p. 722.) 

Continued from v. 36, p. 539. 
Brookline. Proceedings of the Brookline 
Historical Society, at the annual meeting, Jan. 
19, 1910. Brookline, 1910. 40 p. 
Charlestowx. Proceedings of the Bunker 
Hill Monument Association, at the annual meet- 
ing, June 17, 1909. Boston, 1909. 74 p. 

Concord. Memoirs of members of the Social 
Circle in Concord. 4th series, from 1895 to 
1909. Cambridge, 1909. 34} p. 

Earlier series published 1882, 1884, 1907. 

Duxbury. Duxbury vital records. Trans- 
cribed by G. E. Bowman (Mayflower descendant, 
April, 1910. v. 12. p. 118-126.) 

Births 1699-1771 from a MS. volume entitled 
Proprietors of the 2d division 1712-1754. 

Hull. At the gateway of Boston Harbor. By 
C. M. Rockwood (New England magazine, 
Aug. 1910. v. 42, p. 693-699.) 
Lyxx. Lynn in the early Indian wars. By 
G. H. Martin (Register of the Lynn Historical 
Society for the year 1909. no. 13, p. 61-S6.) 

The newspapers of Lynn. By J. J. Man- 

gan (Register of the Lynn Historical Society for 
the year 190*9. no. 13, p. 131-168.) 

The Old Tunnel tablet, dedicated June 13, 

1909 (Register of the Lynn Historical Society 
for the year 1909. no. 13, p. 87-130.) 

Contains historical sketch by C. J. H. Woodbury, 
and dedication address by B. N. Johnson. 

The Register of the Lynn Historical Society 

Lynn, Mass. Number XIII, for the year 1909. 
Lynn, 1910. 213 p. 



Maklbmlough. Historical remini 
the early times in Marlborough. B 
Bigelow. Marlborough, Ti 

191 o. 488 p. 

Medford. Sarah Bradlee-FultOU 

D. A. R. By Eliza X. Gill, •■.• 

secretary (American monthly ma^.i/ 



[gio. 



37, P- 43-45-) 



MlDDLEBOROUCH. Gravestone recOTOJ 

to 1851 from the old cemetery at " I 
communicated by J. W. Willard 
descendant, April, iqio. v. 12. p, 65 

As compared with C. M. Thatcher's list pul 
in the (lenealogical quarterly magazine .-.- 
eessor the Genealogical magazine. 1903 
claims to correct 260 errors, great and small, and add 
50 names. Part 1 (A— Bri^-s). 

Home life of early American minister. . . . 

the experiences of Rev. Isaac Backus of \or:h 
Middleborough. By Mrs. Julia M H. An- 
drews (Journal of American history. 3d quarter 
1910. v. 4, p. 399-405.) 

Nantucket. Guide to Nantucket. By J. H. 
Robinson. 2d edition. 191 o. 40 p. 
First edition 1905. 

Proceeding of the Nantucket Historical 

Association. 16th annual meeting. Jul. ] 
1910. Nantucket, 1910. 63 p. 

Unveiling and presentation of Memorial 

tablet to Nantucket men who served under John 
Paul Jones in the Revolution. Jul. 21, 
(Proceedings of the Nantucket Historical A— - 
ciation. 14th annual meeting, 1908. p. 7-15.) 

Newburyport. "Lord" Timothy Dexter, an 
eccentric pre-Revolutionary character. By S. 
R. Knapp (Americana, N. V., June, 1910. v. 
5» P- 55 r -557-) 

Newton*. Auburndale, Mass.: views of its 
beauty places; mention of its facilities. Pub. by 
the Auburndale Village Improvement Society. 
[Auburndale, 1910.] [32] p. 

Lucy Jackson chapter, D. A. R. By 

Francis Meserve, historian (American monthly 
magazine, Sept., 1910. v. 37, p. 248-249.) 

Plymouth. Plymouth vital records. Trans- 
scribed by G. E. Bowman (Mayflowei 
ant, April, iqio. v. 12. p. 84-87.) 

Part 15; series began in July, IS'JJ. v. 1. p. 139. 

Plymouth Colony. Bulletin of the S.xu - 
Mavrlower Descendants in the State of New 
York. No. i. New York, 190S. 47 p. 
No. 1 published 1904. 

Isaac Allerton, first assistant of Plym »Ulh 

Colony. E. B. Patten, compiler. Minneap - 
Minn., Press of Imperial Printing Co. [iooti 
18 p. 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



259 



. The Mayflower descendant, an illustrated 

quarterly magazine of Pilgrim genealogy, his- 
tory and biography, 1909. Volume XL, Boston. 
Published by the Mass. Society of Mayflower 
Descendants, 1909. 300 p. 

Plymouth Colony deeds. Transcribed by 

G. E. Bowman (Mayflower descendant, April, 
1910. v.* 12, p. 80-S4.) 

Part 32 (1657); series began in April 1899. v. 1. 
p. 91. 

Report of the Secretary General. Pro- 
ceedings of the . . . triennial congress of the 
General Society of Mayflower Descendants. 
5th, 1909. 

The Second record book of the Society of 

Mayflower Descendants in the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations. Provi- 
dence, 1908. 154 p. 

The story of the Pilgrim fathers, especially 

showing their connection with Southampton. 
By F. J. C. Hearnshaw, Southampton, [Eng- 
land], \V. H. Smith & Son, [1910.] 32 p. 

Plympton. Historical address read at the 
200th anniversary of the town of Plympton, 
Aug. 8, 1907. By John Sherman [Plymouth, 
1907] 14 p. 

Princeton*. Eighth [Tenth] annual report of 
the Wachusett Mountain State Reservation 
Commission, Jan., i9o8[-Jan., 1910] Boston, 
1908 [-1910.] 3 vols. 

Public document no. 65 for the respective years. 

Provincetown*. The new Pilgrim's monu- 
ment (Americana, N. Y., Aug., 1910. v. 5, p. 
871-872.) 

Provincetown vital records. Transcribed 

by G. E. Bowman (Mayflower descendant, 
April, 1910. v. 12, p. 76-80. 

Part 5; series began in April 1907. v. 6, p. 100. 

Salem. Mayor Arthur Howard of Salem, a 
tale of romance in modern politics. By Grace 
A. Thompson and F. H. Thompson (New Eng- 
land magazine, Aug., 1910. v. 42, p. 737-746.) 

The story of New England illustrated, be- 
ing a narrative of the principal events from the 
arrival of the Pilgrims in 1620 and of the Puri- 



tans in 1624 to the present time. By K 0« 
Skelton. Boston. I'.. ( ). Skelton, iqi 

Includes lis* ot tl <• oritfl I 
in Salem between 1624 and 1650, with a I 
first church re^orc:a It} {6-K 

Springfield. Mercy Warren chapter, D A R. 

By M. Belle S. Sawn, historian (American 
monthly magazine. July, 1910. v. ;;, p. i>4 r ) 
TlSBURY. Seacoast Defence chapter, D. A. R., 
Vineyard Harbor. By LucindaS. St. 
secretary (American monthly magazine, Julv, 
1910. v. 37, p. 45-40.) 

Uxbridge. Old home week souvenir of Ux- 
bridge, Mass. Issued by the Old Home Week 
Committee. Uxbridge, [190S.] [144] p. 
Vineyard Harbor see Tisblrv. 
Wellfleet. Records from Duck Creek ceme- 
tery, Wellfleet. Inscriptions prior to 1851; 
communicated by S. \Y. Smith and J. W. Wil- 
lard (^Mayflower descendant, April, 1910. v. 
12, p. 94-96.) 

Part 6 (Peirce— Snow); series be^an in July 1903 
v. 10, p. ISO. 

Weymouth. Rev. William Smith's diary; 

comments from the Boston Transcript 

(Magazine of history, Mar. 1900. v. 9, p. 

181-183.) 

Worcester. Selected list of material in the 

library on Worcester (Worcester Free Public 

Library Bulletin, Dec, 1909. p. 19-31.) 

The story of Worcester, Mass. T. F. 

O'Flynn. Boston, Little, Brown & Co., 191 o. 
*59 P- 

Worcester, the city of varied industries. 

An old New England municipality rendered 
pre-eminent by inventive genius. Worcester, 
Blanchard Press [1909.] [22] p. 
Wrextham. Vital records of Wrentham, 
Mass., to the year . 1850. Vol. I— Births. 
Compiled bv T. W. Baldwin. Boston, 
1910. ^37 p.' 

Yarmouth. Gravestone records from the 
Cemeterv at West Yarmouth. Communicated 
by S. W. Smith (Mayflower descendant, Oct. 
1909-April, 1910. v. ir, p. 223-224; v - i--p- 
44-47, 90-93.) 



jfarfmmf of tli^ratrifaiUlcDolutioii 

J * 1^775-1 782 



Frank A^Gardner.M. D.E. 



State Ship Mars. 
In the spring of 1780 the authorities of 
the state of Massachusetts, decided to in- 
crease the number of naval vessels and on 
the 21 st of March a resolve was passed 
directing the Board of War to procure and 
fit out two armed vessels, to carry from 
twelve to sixteen guns each. The sum of 
fioo,ooo was appropriated for the purpose. 
This amount was to be derived from the 
"sale of confiscated estates and the rents 
of absentee's estates, in addition to the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of one of the state vessels 
already in commission/' 

In the Minute Book of the Board of War 
under date of April 14, 1780, we read: 
"The Board this Day made purchase of the 
Ship Mars by Order of Court for the Pro- 
tection of the Coast, of Mefs Sears & 
Smith. £180,000." 

In the same book, we find that it was or- 
dered April 15th "that Mr. Iver^ pay 
Paschal N. Smith in full, for the Armed 
Ship Mars as per Agreement made yester- 
day. £180,000." 

The "Sears & Smith" above mentioned 
were Captain (sometimes called Colonel) 
Isaac Sears and his son-in-law Paschal 
Nelson Smith. Captain Sears had been a 
vigorous naval fighter in the French war 
and was very active in the Revolution in 
fitting out privateers. His son-in-law was 
associated with him in this work. The ship 
"Mars" which was transferred at this time, 
was undoubtedly the ship which was used 
as early as May 11, 1778, as a Connecticut 
privateer, carrying 22 guns and a crew of 
130 men. At that time she was commanded 
by Captain Gilbert Ash, a Boston man, and 



was owned by Isaac Scars of Boston and 
John Broome of Hartford, Connecticut. 

A vote was passed in the Board of War, 
April 14, 1780: 

''That Capt. Phillips, be desired to Super- 
intend the fitting the Ship Mars for Sea, 
with the greatest Dispatch.' Four days 
later, "Capt. Phillips, desired to send to the 
Labors two arm Chests, from the Ship 
Mars. — Viz to Clean & Repair 
38 Muskets — & 27 Bayonets 
26 Pistols 
35 Cutlafses 
35 Cartridge Boxes 
11 Blunderbufses." 

A few days later it was ordered "That 
Capt. Hopkins deliver Mr. Othniel French 
to repair the Mars's Boats 200 iod nails." 
and "That Mr. Ivers pay Job Prince Jr. his 
Bill for Cable for the Ship Mars. £1263:19.* 
In the Board of War Minute Book, un- 
der date of May 20, 1780, we read: "This 
Day Capt. Simeon Sampson waited on the 
Board & produced his Appointment to the 
Command of the Armed Ship Mars." 

May 22nd it was ordered. "That the 
Comm. General deliver Capt. Samson, for 
the Ship Mars, 10 bbs Beef, 5 bbs Pork. 828 
lb Rice." June 3d it was ordered, "That 
Col. Burbeck deliver to Lt. Xevins for the 
Ship Mars \\'i doz Musket Cartri I 
June 9th ordered; "That the Ship Mars be 
charged with one Old Foresail from the 
Snow Penet. to make Hammocks." Or- 
dered June 13, "That Joseph Webb. Esq., 
have credit for making one Ensign & pen- 
nant, for the ship Mars as pr his acct iioo." 
June 1 6th ordered, "That Capt Hopkins 
deliver the Steward of the Ship Mars, 14 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



61 



lb. Coffee, 28 lbs Sugar and 1 bbl X. E. 
Rum." June 17th "that Capt Issac Phillips 
have Credit for an Iron Hearth, sld. Capt 
Samson for the Ship Mars. £1722." Two 
days later it was ordered. ' That Mefrs 
Henly & Rand have credit for 19 bbl. X. E. 
Rum for the Ship Mars. 60434 Galls." 
June 20, 17S0, ordered; "That the Ship 
Mars be charged with 7-6 pound Cannon 
from the Hon'ble Navy Board." June 22nd, 
ordered "That Col. Burbeck deliver Mr. 
Haskell Lt Marines for the Ship Mars, 2 
Arm Chests. 3S Muskets, 27 Bayonets, 35 
Cartouch Boxes. 35 Cuttlafses. 11 Blun- 
derbufses, 26 Pistols. X. B. The above 
sent to the Laboratory April 1.8, to be 
clean'd & repaired." On the same day 
Lieutenant Haskell received from the same 
source "12 Muskets & Bayonets and 23 
Bayonets." Other fighting equipments 
delivered were 7 pikes, July 1 ; 4 bayonets, 
and 5 cartridge boxes & straps, July 3, 
1780." 

An excellent idea of the furnishing of 
the captain's quarters is gained from the 
following : 

Ordered, "That Capt Hopkins, deliver 
Capt Samson for Cabbin Furniture for 
Ship Mars, 

1 dozn Earthen Plajtes 
1-2 dozn Soop do 

2 Earthen Dishes 
2 Pewter do 

1 dozn do Spoons 

i l / 2 dozn Knives & Forks 

1 Tin Coffee Pot 

1 Tea Pott 

1 dozn Coffee Mugs 

1 .dozn Wine Glafses 
1-2 dozn Tumblers 

2 quart Mugs 
4 pint do 

I Tin dipper 

1 Tin Sauspan 

1 Tin driping Pan." 



"Pay Roll for the Officers, Seamen &c 

belonging to the MA US in the 

the State of Massachusetts Bay from I 

Date of their feveral engagements to u 

March 1781. being the time they were 'lib- 
charged. Commanded by Sir . • n. 

Time of When 

entry Discharged 

1. Simeon Samson, Captain 

11 May, 17S0 12 March, 17-.1 

2. James Nivens. First Lieut. 

12 May. 17S0 12 March, 1781 

3. Benjamin Slater, Second Lieut. 

12 May. 17S0 12 March, 17S1 

4. Thomas Turner, Capt. Marines 

i3june. 17V3 12 March, 17-1 

5. Thomas Parsons Low, Master 

iojuly, 17S0 ia March. 1781 

6. Gridly Thaxter, Surgeon 

9 July, 17S0 12 March, 1781 

7. Nathan Haskell, Lieut. Marines 

5 June, 17VJ Sept. 9. 1--0 

8. Gilbert Emley, Lieut. Marines 

31 Oct., 17S0 12 March, 17- 1 



28. Jeremy Webb, Surgeon's Mate, 

1 July, 17S0 12 March, 17S1 

CAPTAIN SIMEON" SAMSOX of 
Plymouth was commissioned Captain of 
the State brigantine "Independence,*' April 
17, 1776, and served until his return from 
captivity, July 5. 1777. August 15. 1777. he 
was commissioned Captain of the State 
brigantine "Hazard," and he served in her 
until he resigned on account of ill health, 
June 10, 1778. He was engaged as Captnin 
of the State ship "Mars." May 11, 1780. A 
full account of his service will be found in 
The Massachusetts Magazine, v. I, pp. 

195-8, and v. II, pp. 45-7- 

1 

FIRST LIEUT. JAMES XIYEN'S 
served first as Master of the State brigan- 
tine "Tyrannicide.* commanded by Captain 
Allen Hallet, his warrant being issued 
February 23, 1779. He served until his 
discharge April 30. 1779- May 18, 1779, he 
was commissioned Second Lieutenant of 
the same vessel then commanded by 



262 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Captain John Cathcart, serving until his 
discharge, September 6, 1779. He became 
First Lieutenant of the State ship "Mars," 
May 12, 1780. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT BENJAMIN 

SLATER was commissioned Master of the 
State brigantine "Tyrannicide," commanded 
by Captain Allen H. Hallet, July 3, 1779. 
He became Second Lieutenant of the State 
ship "Mars," May 12, 1780. 

CAPTAIN OF MARINES THOMAS 
TL T RNER was commissioned to serve in 
that rank on the State ship Mars, July 21, 
1780, (engaged June 13.) He may have 
been the Captain Thomas Turner of Pem- 
broke, who served first as Captain of a 
company in Colonel Anthony Thomas's 
Regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 
I9> I 775» and later commanded companies 
in the regiments of Colonels John Bailey, 
Simeon Cary, Thomas Marshall, and Gam- 
aliel Bradford. The last date connected 
with his service in the army was September 
20, I779- 

MASTER THOMAS PARSONS LOW 
under the name THOMAS PERSON- 
LOW, marched from Dartmouth to camp 
under Captain Benjamin Dillingham and 
arrived there February 15, 1776. He was 
engaged July 10, 1780, to serve as Master 
of the State ship "Mars." (His middle 
name is also given Parson and Pearson.) 

SURGEON GRIDLEY THAXTER was 
in all probability the man of that name who 
served as a private in Captain Peter 
Cushing's (3d Hingham) Company, Col- 
onel Solomon Lovel's Regiment. July 9, 
1780, he was engaged as Surgeon of the 
State ship '"Mars." 

LIEUT. OF MARINES NATHAN 
HASKELL was probably the man of that 
name who was a private in Captain 



Thomas Turner's Company, Coloocl 
Thomas Marshall's Regiment; enl 
June 10, 1776. He served as late as 
December 1, 1776. May 6, 1778, he en- 
listed in Lieutenant John Doty's Company, 
Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's Regiment 
August 13, 1779, he was engaged ai Ser- 
geant in Captain Edward Hammond'l 
Company, in a regiment under Captain 
Samuel Fisher, Commandant. He became 
Lieutenant of Marines on the State ship 
"Mars" June 5th, 1780. 

SURGEON'S MATE JEREMIAH for 
JEREMY) WEBB was engaged to ^erve 
in that rank on the State ship "Mars," July 
1, 1780. 

It was ordered in the Board of War, 
July 3, 1780, "That Colo Burbeck deliver 
Capt Samson or Order, for the Ship Mars, 
to Fire a Salute tomorrow being the An- 
niversary of Independence. i3-6d Cartgs 
nll'd." July 6, ordered ''That Colo Bur- 
beck, deliver the Capt Marines for the Ship 
Mars, 1500 Musket Cartridges nll'd. (500 
with Buck fhott)." 

The following interesting document is on 
file in the Massachusetts Archives : 

"Know all Men by these Presents, that 
We the Subscribers Officers & Marines 
belonging to the Armed Ship Called the 
Mars Simeon Samson Esq. Commander 
now bound on a Cruize against the En- 
emies of the United States of America 
DO hereby Nominate, Ordain & appoint 
the Hon James Warren Esq; of Plymouth. 
Natha Gorham Esq. of Charlestown and 
Capt Isaac Phillips of Boston all in the 
State of Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land, to be our Aents and Attorneys for as 
Jointly and each of us Saveraly & to our 
Use, to Demand Recover & Receive of and 
from all and every Person or Persons 
whom it shall or may Concern. 5: to take 
into their Custody & Possession all fingular 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



263 



Ships Vefsells Moneys Goods Wares 
Merchandize Effects & things whatever 
which shall or may be fiezed & taken by 
the said Ship in and upon her present In- 
tended Cruize and until we fhall Annull 
and make Void this present Instrument & 
Letter of Agency — And All and fingular 
the fhare & fhares of us and each of us in 
all such Ships Vefsells Moneys Goods & 
Merchandize which shall be by our said 
agents Received for us & each of us shall 
be by them paid & delivered to us and each 
of us af soon as may be after the Settle- 
ment thereof — And We Do further author- 
ize and Impower our said Agents & At- 
torneys for us and in our and each of our 
Names to appear before any Maratime 
Court or any other Court or Place what- 
soever, & their file and Lible or Claim & 
persue any other Court & Profeses in Law 
for the Recovery & Receipt of our and each 
of our affore said Share & Shares and 
when Receipt thereof to make and execute 
legal discharges & if need be for the Pur- 
pofses aforesaid to fubstitute one or more 
Attorney or Attorneys under them & the 
same again to Revoke. And We do hereby 
Confirm all that our said Agents and At- 
torneys shall Lawfully do by Virtue Here- 
by. Witness our Hands & Seals the Six- 
teenth of July in the year of our Lord One 
Thousand feven hundred & Eighty. 
Seal Simn Samfon 
James Nivens 
" Benjamin Slater 

" Willm Tidmarsh 

" Richard Cooper 

Jacob Taylor 
Thomas King 
" Timo Goodwin 

Gridley Thaxter 
" Eliazer French Jun" 

etc. etc. 
'Boston, July 22, 1780 
Capt Simeon Samson 

Sir; The Ship Mars of which you are 



Commander being now ready for Sea you 

are hereby Ordered to embrace the first 
fair Wind and proceed to Xants in the 
Kingdom of France but if un for seen Event 
should render your gaining thai Port irn- 
practible you are then to make the nca | 
Port Thereto, that Circumstances will ad- 
mit. On your Pa f sage to France you are 
at Liberty to take, sink, burn or destroy 
such of the Enemy's Vefsels that may fall 
in your Way taking Care not to retard your 
Pafsage by Operations of this kind, and 
in Case you should be so fortunate as to 
make any Captures you are to govern your- 
self by such Orders as you may receive 
from the Board of War on that Head. On 
your Arrival in France you are to govern 
yourself by and pursue such Instruction for 
your future Proceedings as shall be given 
you by Jonathan Loring Austin Esq. Mer- 
cantile Agent for the State in Europe, and 
in Case of his absence from the Honble 
John Adams Esquire and in his absence 
from the Honble Francis Dana Esq. 
You have herewitli a Packet Directed 

to these Gentlemen The Design 

of your Voyage to France is to bring 
in the Ship Mars a Quantity of Goods 
on public Account and as you must 
be well acquainted with the great Necessity 
there is for these Goods before Winter it 
will be the lefs necefsary to imprefs upon 
you the Importance of Dispatch in this 
Businefs. We are in hopes you will be able 
to leave France in four Weeks after your 

Arrival there You will return 

home with the same Liberty respecting 
Captures upon the Enemy as you have in 
your outward Pafsage. 

We wish you a good voyage and safe 
Return and are your Friends Co." 

T. Cushing 

Nath Gorham 

Caleb Davis 

Thos Walley." 



264 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



The authorities were particularly anxious 
to have the capture of the brig "TryaH" 
effected as the following document will 
show ; ''List of Officers Seamen &c belong- 
ing to the Ship Mars who are Intitlled to 
Share in the Brig Tryall— provided she be 
made a prize." A list of the officers as 
already given, follows. Captain Samson 
was successful in his endeavor to capture 
this vessel and valuable merchandise ad- 
dressed to various persons was seized, for 
illegal importation. 

August 24. 1780, an order was passed in 
the Board of War; 

"That Mr Gorham & the Secretary, be 
desired to go to Salem, in order to attend 
the Maratime Court there, for the tryal of 
the Cartle Brigt Tryall, Seized by Capt 
- Samson commander of the State armed 
Ship Mars." At least a portion of the 
cargo was condemned for we find under 
date of September 23, 1780, "That Mr Ivers 
pay Nath' Spear for Truck 7 Trunks & 1 
Case from Cartel Brig Tryall to the State 
Store. 12 :oo :oo." Later it was ordered 
"That Mr Ivers pay Isaac Mansfield, Clerk 
of the Maratime Court for Costs of Prose- 
cution &c against the Cartel Brig Tryall 
seized by Capt Samson which seizure was 
compromised." 169:09:10." 

This cruise to France in the summer of 
1780 was for the benefit of the Massachu- 
setts Committee for -Foreign Affairs, the 
Board of War having assigned the "Mars" 
to that committee in order that she might 
bring back supplies of clothing etc for the 
army during the winter which was to fol- 
low. 

% After his arrival on the other side 
Captain Samson sent back the following 
letter ; 

"Nants 13 September 1780 
Gents 

I have the pleasure of informing you of 
my safe arrival at the Entrance of the 



River Lover in the Ship Mars the 10th faff 
after a Pa f sage of Forty four 

enbrace the earliest opportunity i>> acquaint 
you of the same. During my Pafsage I 

had favourable Winds untill ant the 
Twentieth of Augt when I had got ai i.ir 

to the Eastwd as the Long 20 o W. then 
taking the Winds to the Southd & Ea 
& having a very Strong Northwardly < ur- 
rent and my ship very foul and after tl 
her trim everyway found her t>> fail very 
Indifferently was drove to the northward 
of Ushant wch greatly Retarded 
Pafsage. During my pafsage I gave Chase 
to Several Yefsels wch I had every reason 
to believe them to be English hut v> my 
great mortification could not fpeak with air. 
of them. On the 7th Augt I spoke a Dutch 
Ship from Curiso bound to Amsterdam and 
on the nth with a Dean from St Cr \ 
bound to Copenhagen. On the 31st in Latt 
49:40 N"- Long. 11. W. I gave cha^e to a 
Brig who seeing me in Chase of her hove 
too. She proved to be reg. from St J un- 
bound to Cork loaded with Salt Com- 
manded by a Portugue. The Capt came <>n 
board with his Portugue papers and told me 
his cargo belonged to himself. I >ent an 
Officer on board him to search for more 
papers who found concealed in the Captains 
State Room a number of Letters directed to 
Merchants in Cork and on Examining the 
same found Sufficient Papers to prove her 
Cargo was Consigned to & on Acct of Mr 
Isaac Morgan of Cork — upon which 1 took 
the Captain & Seven Portugue out and sent 
Mr Jacob Taylor for Prize Master of her 
with Seven Men to proceed for Boston — my 
Reasons for sending her to America 
that her Cargo would not have been Valu- 
able in Europe but would be in Great 
Demand in America— and I hope she is fate 
arrived at Boston before you Receive this. 
On the 8th Inst at 23 Leagues to the V\ 1 5t- 
ward of Belle Isle at 10 A. M. I saw feveral 



. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



26S 



Sail to the S. W. and a Ship and a Sloop 
under my Lee I kept on my Cruise to the 
S. E. The ship & sloop Standing by the 
wind in order to speak to me I perseved 
the Sloop to come up with me very fast. 
At 5 P. M. the Sloop which was an English 
.Cutter mounting twenty-two Guns came 
along side of me and at 5 minutes past 5 
P. M. the action began wch lasted One hour 
& 5 minutes — but my Ship being very foul 
and very' heavy to work and not more than 
half Mand & a very large Swell running 
gave the Cutter every advantage pofsible 
during the action as she could sail round me 
at her pleasure but after her engaging me 
rather better than an hour she thot proper 
to shear of to the Ship — & I having my 
Crotchet yard shot away and imagining her 
consort the ship to be an English Privateer 
and knowing it Impossible to come up with 
the Cutter did not think proper to give her 
chase — during the Action my Officers and 
men behaved with great Spirit — my lofs 
during the action was two men killd viz Mr 
Nathan Haskell Lt Marines and Thorns 
Ransford of Boston. Since my Arrival 
here the Capt of a Swedish Vefsell who 
arrived the same day Informed me he was 

bed? & went on board an English 

Cutter the day before I had the engage 
ment at abt the same dista from Belle Isle 
who was in consort with a Privateer Ship 
& had been Cruising 8 days in the bay & 
both belonged to Guernsey he Informed me 
the Cutter mounted twenty two Guns nine 
pounders & had between 90 & 100 Men on 
board wch Descriptions every way must be 
the same I engaged. 

On my arrival here I was exceeding 
Sorry at not finding Mr Jona Loring Austin 
here but a letter of his to Mr Jona Williams 
here I am informed he was to leave Paris 
the 9th Inst for Holland. Mr. Williams 
also informs me that Mr Austin has not 
been able to negotiate the businefs in 



France that he came over for but so far 
from it that Mr Williams is obliged to 
Suply him with money for bij 1 
Mr Williams also tells me that the Honb 
Mr Adams has gone from Paris to Hoi 
I have sent Mr Tidmarsh expreffl to Pan, 
with the dispatches for M David ft Mr 
Adams with the Copy of my Instruct 
I have also wrote to Mr Austin at Amster- 
dam Informing him of my Arrival here & 
fituation and fhall Expect his Answer in 
Sixteen days and in the Interim shall get 
my Ship wch is at Pambeuff Ready tor Sea 
alfo afsoon as pofsible, but as I am not 
Adrefsed to any person here am at a Lois 
to know who will Suply me with Money for 
the purpose. Mr Williams informs me he 
thinks it probable I shall be able to get 
Goods here upon Freight for Boston. 

I have the pleasure to inform you My 
Ships Compy are at Present Very Healthy 
but were something Sickly in the first part 
of my Pafsage. 

I am Gent with respect your Most Obd 
Hum Servt 
SIMX SAMSOX." 

Later in the year the Portuguese Ambas- 
sador at Paris presented Franklin with 
papers which alleged that the Massachusetts 
State cruiser "Mars" had illegally taken a 
Portuguese ship and had sent it to Xew 
England. Franklin wrote to Congress that 
he hoped that it would forward a speeay 
decision, and that it would give orders to 
the American cruisers not to meddle with 
neutral vessels, for this was a practice ""apt 
to produce ill-blood." 

"Ship Mars, PanbeufT 21 October, 1780 
Gent 

As I wrote you by three different Yef<cl!s 
13 Sept acquainting you with my Arrival in 
the River Loyar after a Pafsage of 44 days 
and I informed you with the particulars of 
the same make no doubt but some of them 



266 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



will come to hand before you receive this. I 
wrote you That Mr Austin was gone for 
Holland and have now to acquaint you he 
has no kind of Cargo to put on board the 
Ship. I wish he may gitt me to Sea without 
difficulty. Our State is not in so good 
Credit here as you may imagin the Ship is 
Clean & over halld ready to. receive Goods 
on board have got the promise of some 
freight wch I expect soon and am in hopes 
to fail by the 5 November in all probability 
shall have the honor to wait on you by 
Christmas. I flatter myself the Prize I sent 
you has arrived by this time. I have the 
fatisfaction to Inform you I have at present 
a very healthy Ship. We have nothing new 
in this Quarter of the world but are waiting 
impatient to hear from America as we ex- 
pect something of Consequence has taken 
place with you. 

I Remain Gent with Esteem 
Your Most Obed Humb Servt 
SIMX SAMSON 

The Honb Board of War State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay." 

The "Mars" returned to America and on 
March 6, 1781, the agent was directed to 
obtain a small vessel of eight to twelve 
guns to serve as a tender for her. In the 
same month the Admiral of the French 
fleet at Newport was requested to send 
two French ships to cruise with the "Mars" 
on the Eastern shore ; and a bounty was 
offered to privateersmen who would cruise 
against the "Worthless banditti" in that 
region. See Paullin's "Navy of the Ameri- 
can Revolution," p. 344. 

The commission issued to the "Mars" at 
this time was the subject of criticism by 
the Continental authorities at Philadelphia 
and March 20, 1781, the Board of Ad- 
miralty made a report to Congress in which 
they stated that "the Board humble con- 
ceives that Commissions issuing from dif- 



ferent Fountain! of Power, is a matter 
which may merit the attention of the 
United States in Congress B v. ho 

are in supreme power in Peaje and War." 
Paullin states that "The Board ua 
to take the view that MassachusettJ tod no 
right to issue these commissions. The com- 
mittee of Congress to whom the r 
referred, interpreted more narrowly the 
war power of Congress that did the i 
of Admiralty. It conceived that each, state 
had the right to issue commission! \<> 
of war under the regulations cs'ablished 
by Congress, and that the only step neces- 
sary to be taken for the present was for the 
Board to transmit to each state a copy of 
the present regulations governing the is- 
sueing of commissions." 

CAPTAIN SIMEON SAMSON'S dis- 
charge was dated March 12, 1781, and we 
have no record of any further naval ser- 
vice on his part. 

CAPTAIN OF' MARINES THOMAS 
TURNER retired on the same date and 
saw no further service in the war. 

SURGEON GRIDLEY THAXTER also 
left the service at this date and His name 
does not appear again. 

LIEUT. OF MARINES NATHAN 
HASKELL as we have seen by the letter 
of Captain Samson, was killed in the en- 
gagement of September 8, 1780. 

"Pay Roll of the Officers, Seamen and 
Marines belonging to the Ship Mars in the 
fervice of the Commonwealth of Mafsa- 
chusetts, James Nevens Esq. Commander. 

James Nevens. Captain. 

Benjn Slater, Lieutenant. 

Thomas P. Low, Master. 

William Tidmarsh, Capt Marines. 

Anthony Mann, Surgeon. 

Jeremiah Webb, Doctor's Mate," Etc. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



267 



CAPTAIN JAMES XIVEXS who had 
been First Lieutenant under Captain Sam- 
son, was engaged as Captain, March 18, 
1781. 

LIEUTEXAXT BENJAMIN SLATER 
received his promotion from Second Lieut- 
enant on the same date. 

CAPTAIX OF MARIXES WILLIAM 
TIDMARSH of Hingham, served first as 
Captain's Clerk, in the State brigantine 
"Hazard," Captain Simeon Samson, from 
August 22, 1777, to May 20, 1779, he held 
the same rank on the same vessel under 
Captain John Foster Williams. He was 
also Captain's Clerk on the ship "Mars," 
Captain Simeon Samson, from May 12, 

1780, to March 12, 1781. March 18, 1781, he 
was engaged as Captain of Marines on the 
same ship under Captain James Xivens. 

SURGEOX AXTHOXY MAXX was 
Surgeons Mate in the hospital department 
of the Continental Army from March 1, 
1778, to July 31, 1780. He was engaged as 
Surgeon of the ship "Mars,' Captain James 
Nivens, Commander, March 25, 1781. 

SURGEOX'S MATE JEREMIAH 
WEBB who had served in the '"Mars" un- 
der Captain Simeon Samson, to March 12, 

1781, was engaged in the same rank under 
Captain James Xivens, March 25, 1781. 

At least two prizes were taken on this 
cruise as shown by the steward's return as 
follows ; 

"Provifions delievered by Wm Choat, 
Steward of Ship Mars Exclusive of his 
Gun Return." In this return he mentions: 

"Capt Nevin 

Thos Low 

Lieut Slater 

May 21, Prize Schooner 

May 22, Prize Sloop 

Capt Tidmarsh of Marines 

Doctor Mann.' "Mars to June, 1781." 



July 5, 1781. the treasurer was dirt ted to 

pay to "Capt James N'evena and the < miccrs 

and Crew belonging to the Ship Mar> in 
the fervice of the Commonwealth • 

March last to 12th of June last the 
Four hundred and thirteen Pounds nine 
Shillings & Two pence CXew Enii: 
in Full of the annexed Roll/' 

A bill of rations "Expended & Remans 
for the Officers belong to the Ship Mars 
from March 18 to June 13, 1781," is also 
on file in the archives. 

"Boston, Sepr 3, 1782 
Sir; 

Please to pay unto Mr James Thompfon 
or order what may be due unto my husl 
for his Wages on the Ship Mars's Roll in 
her Voyage to and from France & his 
Receipt fhall be a fufficient Discharge in 
behalf of my Husband by virtue of his 
power of Attorney to me dated 25 May 

I779- 

Your Humble Servt 

SARAH XEVIXS. 
Henry Gardner Esq Treafurer Common- 
wealth Mafsachufetts.' 

CAPTAIX JAMES XIVEXS was en- 
gaged June 18. 1781, as commander of the 
State sloop "Defence," and served until 
September 26, 1781. 

Xo evidence can be found in the archives 
that any of the other officers of the "Mars" 
saw further service in the American Revolu- 
tion. 

Announcement for IOII. 

The regiments to be considered in the 
coming year, like those taken up in 1910, 
will be such as were organized early in 
1775 and responded to the Lexington alarm 
of April 19, as regimental organizations. 
They became a part of the Provincial 
Army in May 2nd June, 1775. and when the 
Army of the United Colonies was formed 



26S 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



in July under General Washington, they 
continued the service through the year. 

The article upon Colonel James Frye's 
Regiment was unusually long, making it 
necessary to issue it in two parts. In con- 
sequence the regiment of Colonel Ben- 
jamin Ruggles Woodbridge, announced for 
October, 1910,' will be given in January, 
1911. It contained six companies from 
Hampshire County, two from Berkshire 
County, one made up of men from both 
Hampshire and Worcester Counties and 
one company from Essex County. 

April. Colonel Thomas Gardner's Regi- 
ment which was made up largely of men 
from towns within easy marching distance 
of Boston, with the exception of Captain 
Benjamin Browne's Company from ''Dam- 
ariscotta, Broad Bay, Salem, etc." 

July. Colonel Samuel Gerrish's Regi- 
ment. Essex County furnished four com- 



panies, Middlesex one, and one was made 
up of men from both of these counties. 
Old Suffolk (now Norfolk) County fur- 
nished one company and three were from 
Xew Hampshire. 

October. Colonel William Heath's Regi- 
ment. The men in this organization v. rre 
drawn almost exclusively from the t 
near Boston. 

The series of articles upon the \ 
the Massachusetts State Navy will he con- 
tinued as follows: 

January. The State ship "Tartar" Captain 
Allan Hallet. 

April. The State sloop "Winthrop," 
Captain George Little. 

July. The State brigantine "Rising Em- 
pire," Captain Richard Whellen. 

October. The State vessel called the 
"Lincoln Galley," Captain John Curtis. 



— fi mMm t , ^ ^ — „ m , .,. m _ 

1 ■'.-.>„•< s> '^, • 



, ► 










s'W' ■■■■■' " 



/ >&vx &"yf:/ ■-• /<•- 

mm; ^ 



j j Mi 



*Kh« 



*Z 



j-'-- .---,. •..-... > ■, -■ 

'-.:■.•••-; N, ■ • .;,;:f;-fv7 




if§#JI ' 



- ' fteg p jjsjg ' JH ' I// 



i 'rtrS \ • "" ... '>.;/*' /.^'. • "-F ■• — • 

,,^ c .-,,-_. r ,,,,... I .„„^^ rar ^, 7? . ; _........ ipw ujj 




THE OLD THOMAS HOUSE 

AT PLYMOUTH 



By Francis R. Stoddard, Jr. 



In the Massachusetts Magazine for -April is an account of the regiment of 
Colonel Theophilus Cotton in the war of the Revolution. I send herewith a 
photograph of the old Thomas house in Plymouth, which furnished three 
officers to that regiment, besides two more officers to other regiments of the 
Revolutionary army. In a town which is filled with historical associations, no 
house has had more cause to be proud of its tenants than the old Thomas house. 
The earliest recorded owner of the land' upon which it is built was Nathaniel 
Clarke, son of Thomas Clarke who came in the ship Ann in 1623. Nathaniel 
Clarke was a lawyer and succeeded Nathaniel Morton as Secretary of Plymouth 
Colony. When Sir Edmund Andros became Governor of Massachusetts, 
Clarke became one of his most ardent supporters and made himself most 
obnoxious to his fellow 7 townsmen, until upon the advent of William and Mary 
to the throne of England, he and Andros were both sent as prisoners to 
England. He soon, however, returned to Plymouth and built a house, since 
demolished upon what was later part of the yard of the Thomas house. Upon 
his death, the land went to his niece Sarah Clarke, wife of the Reverend 
Ephraim Little, pastor of the Church of Plymouth, who sold the land to 
Ebenezer Curtis in 1719, who built the present house. 

Mr. Curtis lived there until 1724 when he sold it to John Crandon. In 
1726, the latter sold it to John Dunham who, in 1728, sold it to Benjamin 
Lothrop. The latter sold it in 1724 to John Sparhawk. by whom it was sold to 
Richard Waite, son of Return Waite, who married the widow of Francis 
LeBaron, "the Nameless Nobleman." Mr. Waite, after one year's tenure, 
sold the house and land to Dr. William Thomas, in 1750, and it remained in the 
Thomas family for nearly one hundred and twenty years. 



270 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

The first of the Thomas family was a William Thomas, a Merchant 
Adventurer, who aided the Pilgrims to come to these shores and who foil 
them here later. He became an Assistant Governor of the Colony and his 
estate in Marshfield of 1500 acres was the largest single estate in Plymouth 
county. His son Nathaniel was a volunteer in the Pequod war, was Lieutenant 
of the Plymouth military company under Captain Myles Standish, and was 
later Captain of the Marshfield company. His son Nathaniel was a Lieutenant 
in King Philip's war, a Deputy in the Legislature, a Colonel of Militia. Judge 
of Probate of Plymouth County, Judge of the Inferior Court. Member of the 
Governor's Council, and Judge of what is now the Supreme Court of Massa- 
chusetts. His son William was a Boston sea captain, who by his wife Ann, 
daughter of Captain Richard Patishall, was the father of Dr. William Thomas, 
the purchaser of the old house. 

Dr. Thomas was born in Boston .in 1718. There, on September 10th. 1730, 
he was married by the Rev. Samuel Mather, to Mary, daughter of Peter 
Papillon of Boston. When the Louisburg expedition against the French was 
undertaken. Dr. Thomas offered his sen-ices and served as under Surgeon in 
Col. Samuel Waldo's regiment. He also served as head surgeon of Col. Gor- 
ham's regiment, which was composed chiefly of Cape Cod Indians. His wife 
having died, he married in Boston on February 14th, 1749, Mercy, widow of 
Mr. John Logan, and daughter of the Hon. Joseph Bridgham of Boston. It 
was after this marriage that he bought the old house and took his bride there 
to live. By this wife he had six children as follows: Joshua, born in 1751, 
Margaret, 1753, Joseph, 1755, Nathaniel, 1756, John, 1758, and Mercy, 1759. 
When the Crown Point expedition was undertaken in 1756, Dr. Thomas served 
as Surgeon of Col. Joseph Thatcher's regiment. Before the outbreak of 
actual hostilities in 1775, he was very active on the different Revolutionary 
committees, and one can learn from reading the old Plymouth records, what a 
hot-bed of sedition the old house must have been. 

When Cotton's regiment marched at the news of the battle of Lexington, 
the old Doctor was its Surgeon, his son Joshua was Adjutant, and his 
John was Assistant Surgeon. The history of the regiment can be read in the 
April number of this magazine. Joshua was a graduate of Harvard College, 
later served as Major in the attack on Canada on the staff of his cousin by 
marriage, General John Thomas of Kingston, and for 29 years was Judge of 
Probate of Plymouth County. John became an eminent physician, a friend 01 
Washington, and an original member of the Order of Cincinnati. Oi th< 
other two brothers, Joseph was a Major in Knox's artillery, served through th< 



THE OLD THOMAS HOUSE _>71 

war to the seige of Yorktown. and also was an original member of the Order 
of Cincinnati. Nathaniel served as a Captain in the colonial forces. Well 
could the old house be proud of its contribution to the Revolutionai 

Upon the death of Dr. Thomas, the house descended to his grand 
Col. John Boies Thomas, who lived there until his death in 1852. He was, like 
his father Judge Joshua Thomas, a graduate of Harvard College. He was also 
a lawyer, Clerk of the Courts of Plymouth County, Colonel of a regiment of 
militia part of which saw service in 1814, member of the State Constitutional 
Convention of 1820, President of the Old Colony National Bank of Plymouth. 
and one of the most prominent men of the town. His widow. Mary How land, 
daughter of Isaac LeBaron, continued to reside in the old house after his 
death. She was an ardent abolitionist and was a subscriber of the "Liberator" 
from the time it was first published, at a time when the mails would not carry 
it and its publication was practically proscribed. The house was a center of 
abolition sentiment in Plymouth. } 

Shortly before her death in 1867, Mrs. Thomas went to live with her 
daughter Martha LeBaron. who had married Isaac Xelson Stoddard, son of Col. 
Elijah Stoddard, of Upton. Mrs. Stoddard with her husband had lived for 
some time in the old house with her parents, but moved away after the birth 
of her son Francis Russell, in 1844, to a newer house nearby. When Mrs. 
Thomas went to live with her daughter, she allowed her oldest grandson John 
Thomas Stoddard to live in the old house with his bride. Mr. Stoddard lived 
in the house for a short time after the death of his grandmother, until it was 
sold to close up her estate. It was then bought by Albert C. Chandler, whose 
family lived in it until a few years ago, when the house was moved back to 
make way for stores. In its new location the house itself has changed very 
little in appearance, though one must now approach it from the rear street.. 
It is used as a boys' club. 

Mr. Moore, of Moore Brothers, of Plymouth, now owns the house 
and lives in it. 



A Continuation of the Genealogical Dictionary of Essei Conntv FamlllM eomniiMi „,. n 

Oct., 1909, by Sidney Perley, Eaq., in rbt Em«i intiquarlaS 

family (SmalngtrH 

LUCIE MARION GARDNER, A.B., Editor 

Ewex was the first county Fettled in the Mawachuoetti Bav Col.mv. an.l all the rceordi of .-mr'- Mii»»rhti.,Mj f. m ,i, 
found in the probate, court and town records of tin* Jountv prior t- the « r l« 
and published here in alphabetical form, and arranged eeneahn 



DESCENDANTS OF GILES BURLEY 
(BIRDLEY, BURDLEY, BURLEIGH. ) 



Giles Burdley 1 , was a resident of Ip- 
swich 1648-1656. He bought a house and 
a quarter acre lot of land of John Woodam, 
Jan. 4, 1658. He sold it to Thomas 
Knowlton, Jr., Nov. 1, 1666. There is 
evidence that he had bought the remainder 
of the lot before selling it. He was called 
a cousin of Andrew Hodges of Ipswich, 
1665-6. He died before 1668 when his 
executor Theophilus Wilson confirmed the 
sale of some land. His wife's name was 

Elizabeth . His will, proved Sept. 29, 

1668, mentions his children Andrew, 
James, and John. June 13, 1668, Good- 
wife Birdley had granted trees for 100 
rayles and 100 posts. 

Children: 

2 — i. Andrew 2 , b. Sept. 5, 1657. See 
below. 

3 — ii. James 2 , b. Feb. 10, 1659. See be- 
low. 

4 — iii. JOHN 2 , b. Julv 13, 1662; d. Feb. 21 
28?, 1688. 
(Savage also gives "Giles, b. July 13, 
1662 who prob. d. bef. his f.") 

2. 

Cornet Andrew Birdley 2 , was born 
in Ipswich, Sept. 5, 1657. He was im- 
pressed for war in the Xarragansett cam- 
paign, Nov. 30, 1675, in Maj. Appleton's 
company. A petition presented by him 
March 20, 1687 read as follows: "I, 
Andrew Burley request to grant me liberty 



of making a kiln of bricks al Jel 

Neck, I cutting there no wood down that 
is growing to burn them but what I 
prepare otherwise taking such drift 
as may be found by the watezsidi 
it will be near to my land on Jefferies s 
Caseway, when I purpose to build a h 
for to dwell there. Voted and granted." 
In his signature in 1698 the name is 
spelled Birdley. Andrew Bardley, an- 
other variation of the name Burley, was 
one of the subscribers for a "bigger bell" 
in 1699. The committee appointed June 
16, 1700, to assign the seats in the meeting 
house then recently built, appointed a 
seat for Mister Andrew Burley. He was 
called Cornet and probably held that rank 
in the troops of horse in Ipswich, J 
Whipple had held that rank in the troops 
under Capt. John Appleton in 16S8. He 
m. Mch. 14, 1681-2, Mary- Conant, dau. 
of Lot and Elizabeth (Walton) Conant. 
and granddaughter of Roger Conant, the 
planter. She was b. July 14, 1662. He 
d. Feb. 1, 1718-19, ae. 60 yrs. 5 mos. She 
m. second, Lugo Caleb Kimball who was 
b. Sept. 8, 1662. She d. Nov. 2^, 1 743- 
Children: 

5 — i. Rebeckah 3 , b. Mch. 29, 1683; m« 
June 28, 1705 Robert Kinsman- 
6 — ii. Andrew 3 , b. Apr., 16S6; bur. Apr. 
5, 1686. 

7 — iii. Mary 3 , b. abt. 16S8; m. (pub.) 
Apr. 28, 1706, Samuel Adams, 
son of Nathaniel and I ' 
(Dickinson) Adams. She died 
at Worcester, Mch. 5. 177- - 
yrs. 

8 — iv. Martha 3 , b. Mch. 3, 1691-2; d. 
Sept. 26, 1693. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



; 



9 — v. Andrew 1 ," b. June 14, 1694. See 
below. 

10 — vi. Martha 1 , b. Apr. 28, 1696. 

11 — vii. Sarah 5 , b. Oct. 6, 1698; m. Feb. 11, 
1715-16 Richard Kimball, son of 
Richard and Sarah (Wells) Kim- 
ball. She d. 

12 — viii. Elizabeth 3 .. She was under 
guardianship of Robert Kinsman 
her brother-in-law, Dec. 22, 1718. 
He was discharged, Oct. 2S, 1722. 
Charles Burleigh in "The Gene- 
alogy of the Burley or Burleigh 
Family gives a Jonathan b. 1702 
and adds a ?. 

James Birdley-, b. Feb. 10, 1650. 
He m. first Rebeckah Stace (Stacey), 
daughter of Thomas and Susanna (Wor- 
cester) Stace and granddaughter of the 
Rev. William Worcester of Salisbury. 
She was buried Oct. 21, 1686. (C. & 

Rec.) He m. second Elizabeth . He 

removed to Exeter, X. H. and d. there in 
1721. 

Children by Elizabeth: 
13 — i. William*, b. Ipswich, Feb. 27, 
1692-3. He went to Newmarket, 
N. H., and was there in 1746. 
14 — ii. Joseph 3 , b. Ipswich, Apr. 6, 1695 
Was a resident of Newmarket 
and Sanbornton, N. Ff. 
15 — iii. Thomas 3 , b. Ipswich, Apr. 5, 1697 

Removed to Epping, N. Ff. 
16 — iv. James 3 , b. Exeter, N. Ff., 1699. 

Moved to Newmarket, N. II. 
17 — v. Josiah 3 , b. 1 701: d. Newmarket 

N. H. 
18 — vi. Giles 3 , b. 1703. was in Exeter, later 
Newmarket, N. H. 



9. 



Andrew Burley 3 , b. June 14, 1694, 
was a justice of the Sessions Court and 
represented the town in the General Court 
in 1741-42. He inherited the homestead 
from his father. He was a member of the 
committee to repair the prison but died 
before the work was completed. His son 
Andrew was authorized to complete the 
work 1753. He m. (int.) 9th 91110. 17 17 
Lydia Pengry. She d. Aug. 25, 1736 ae. 



39 yrs. Hem. second Dec. o, 1738, int.) 

Hannah, probably Boardman. Hi^ will 
was dated Dec. 4. 1753. Inventory -kited 

Apr. 12, 1754 amounted to • 14:11. 

His wid. Hannah lived in the family man- 
sion after her husband's death and on her 
decease Andrew Jr. sold the estate in- 
cluding 1} aire of land to Captain John 
Smith. She died in 1759. Will d 
Sept. 5, 1759, probated Ikv. 10. . 
In addition to the children of her husl 
mentioned in his will, she mentions dau. 
Elizabeth Boardman of Stratham, X. H. 
and son Stephen Boardman of the same 
place. She appointed the latter her sole 
executor. 

Children by wife Lydia: 

19 — i. Andrew 4 , bap. 0( t. 6, 1718; d. in 

infancy. 
20 — ii. Andrew 1 , bap. NTov. 29, 17 19 

See below. 
21 — iii. John 4 , bap. Mch. 25, 1722; d. Dec. 

26, 1742. 
22 — iv. James 4 , bap. Oct. 3, 1724; d. Oct. 

23, 1724- 
23 — v. Lydia 4 , bap. Jan. 30, i~:>: m. 

Samuel Williams. Jr. of I. 

[int. March 3, 1743] She d. 

Deerheld, X. H., ae. 84 yrs. 
24 — vi. Mehitable 4 , bap. Dec. 24. 1727; 

m. Dec. 3, 1747, John Cr 
25 — vii. Mary 4 , John Crocker was 

appointed her guardian in 1754; 

m. Samuel Sherburne of 

mouth, N. H., June 26, 1760. 



20. 



Andrew Burley 4 , bap. Nov. 29. 17 10, 
lived in Ipswich and was called Esquire. 
He graduated from Harvard College in 
1742. He m. Hannah Coggswell, inten- 
tion dated Aug. 20, 1743- He was P roD- 
ably the Andrew who m. second. Mrs. 
Abigail Ross, widow of Andrew, Novem- 
ber 26, 1776. He died Ipswich. August 
14, 1788, and in the following month 
letters of administration were granted to 
his son Andrew. His estate amounted to 
£83:02:11. His widow 'Abigail died in 



274 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Ipswich, November 5, 1825, aged 99 
years 4 mos. 
Children: 

26 — i. Andrew 5 , bap. Ipswich, Dec. 2, 
1744. See below. 

27 — ii. Hannah 5 , bap. Sept. 27, 1746; rru 
Daniel, sun of Daniel and Eliza- 
beth (Burley) Caldwell, Apr. 20 
1769. 

28 — iii. John 5 , b. Aug. 21, 1748. He was 
probably the John Burley. tanner, 
Chester, X. H., who died about 
1789, leaving real estate in Essex 
County to the value of £53:00:00. 

29 — iv. William 5 , bap. Jan. 6, 1750. See 
below. 

30 — v. James 5 , b. Feb. 11, 1753. Moved 
to Exeter, N. H., was an artificer 
in the Revolution. 

31 — vi. Abigail 5 , bap. Oct. 10, 1756; m. 
Thomas Lands. Nov. 22, 1774. 

32 — vii. Mary 5 , bap. June 10, 1759. 

26. 

Andrew Burley 5 , bap. Ipswich, Dec. 
2, 1744. He was called Esquire in the 
records. He m. Sept., 1762, Mary Dean. 
She d. Aug. 29, 1772. He m. second, 
Rhoda White. They moved to Water- 
borough and had children there. 

Children: by wife Mary 

^^ — i. Emerson, bap. Ipswich, June 10, 
1764. Went to Montreal in 1791; 
d. Kingston, Ontario, Dec. 8, 
1813. 

34 — ii. Lydia 6 , bap. May 4, 1766. 

35 — iii. Samuel 6 , bap. Nov. 18, 1769; d. 
Havre de Grasse. He was a 
ship owner in France. He also 
had children by his second wife 
Rhoda White, born in Maine. 



29. 

William Burley 5 , bap. Jan. 6, 1750. 
He enlisted from Salem in Capt. Addison 
Richardson's Company, Col. John Mans- 
field's Regiment, May 14, 1775. He was 
commissioned Feb. 3, 1777, second lieu- 
tenant, Capt. William Porter's Com- 
pany, Col. Ebenezer Francis' Regiment. 



He was a Lieut, in Col. H<-nj;imin Tup- 
per's 15th Regiment, Massai hu 
and served to Dei , jx, 177^. He 
Capt. Lieut, in Col. flipper's nth R 
ment through 17S0, and was re] 

prisoner of war in a li-t dated Sept. 15 
1780. He was promoted t-, rank of ("apt. 
Oct. 16, 1780. Alter the war. hi 
Beverly. He m. Susan Farley December 
16, 1S22. His wife died about 
when he was appointed guardian of his 
three minor children. He m. second, 
Lydia Austin of Charlestown, at Charles- 
town, June 25, 1799. She d. Nov. 16, 
1808 ae 66 yrs. He was a prominent 
citizen of Beverly and d. there Dec. 22, 
1822 at the age of 72 yrs. In his will, he- 
gave to the towns of Ipswich and Beverly, 
the sum S50 each per year for 10 ye u 
be applied to the instruction of poor chil- 
dren in reading and the principles of the 
Christian religion. 

Children by first wife, Susan: 
36 — i. Elizabeth 6 , b. about 1788; m. 
Frederick Howes. Esq.. of 
Dec. 7, 181S. He was b. in I 
vers in 1782, son of An::.. 
Bethia Howes. 
37 — ii. William J. 6 , b. about 1790; d.Oct. 

2, 182 1, ae. 32 yrs. 
38 — iii. Susannah 6 , b. about 1792. 
Children by second wife, Lydia: 
39 — iv. Lydia 6 , b. Sept. 10, iScc: d. Mi h. 

22, 1S02, ae. 18 mos. 17 
40 — v. Edward 6 , b. Sept. 25. 1SC2. In 
his will called "gentleman."' 



Notes. 

Andrew Burley of Amesbury 
given Haverhill) enlisted in June, 1778, age 
17 yrs; stature 5 ft. 8 in., complexion 
Mass. S. & S. in Rev. War, I\ //. p. 855. 

James Burley of Danvers 
Beverly) was a private in Captain Israel 
Hutchinson's Company of Minute 
April iq, 1775. He enlisted May .:. ■"■ 
in Captain Khene/er Francis 1 Company 
in Colonel John Man>rield*> roth R 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



275 



ment He served through the year. — 
Mass. S. 6r» 5. in Rev. War, V. II, p. 855. 

William Burley and Sarah Oakes were 
married in Marblehead, August 25, 1754. 

William Burley, a strong man, six 
feet, seven inches in height, called "Dwarf 
Billy," was in "Lord" Timothy Dexter's 
employ at one time at Newburyport as the 
protector of his orchard. — Essex Anti- 
quarian, V. 7, p> 100. 



4— iii. 


William 3 , b. Ma . . , 


5— iv - 


Elizabeth 3 , b. Aug. 36, 1; 




int. May e, i -64 to John 




of Marblehead. 


6— v. 


Thomas 3 , b. N'ov. i:, 17; 




below. 


7 — Vl - 


PHILIP 8 , l>. Sept. 1 0, 1 ; ; . 


8— vii. 


S \R.\n-'. b. Aug. I J, 


9 — viii. 


Benjamin 3 , b. May 22, 1750. See 




below. 


— LX. 


Joseph-", b. July 10. 1752. See 




below. 



BURLINGTON (BURLINGHAM) 

Sarah Burlington (Burlingham 1st Ch. 
Rec.) and John Cockland were married 
Jan. 4, 1753. Salem Vital Records. 



BURLOPH. 



Jeremiah Burloph, son of Thomas of 
"Jebacco," bap. Sept. 19, 1725 at Man- 
chester. 



BURLOW. 



Sarah Burlow and Stephen Norwood 
both of Lynn. Marriage intention re- 
corded there Nov. 2, 1755. — Lynn Records. 



BURN. 

See also Byrne. 

1. 



Patrick Burn 1 , married in Wenham 
April 3, 1730 (intention March 14, 1729- 
30) Jeanne LeBrittan. 
Children: 

2 — i. Mary 2 , b. April 14, 1730; m. 
Gloucester, February 20, 1755 
Benjamin Clark, Jr. 
John 2 , b. May 25, 1734-5; m. Ip- 
swich, Jan. 7, 1758, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Pitman. 



3— u- 



Thomas Burn 3 , b. Nov. 12, 1740; m. 
in Marblehead Feb. 21, 176;, Mrs. Re- 

beckah Allen, probably her maiden name 
was Smith. He was in ('apt. Nicholson 
Broughton's Company, Col. John Gl< 
21st Regiment. He enlisted May 16, 
1775 and served through the year. He 
was also in Capt. Samuel Page's Com- 
pany, Col. Ebenezer Francis' Regiment 
in 1776-7. He marched to Bennington. 
His name appears in the return of men 
who enlisted from Col. Jonathan Glover's 
5th Essex County Regiment, who enlisted 
to serve three years in the Continental 
Army. 

Children: 

11 — i. Rebeck \h\ bap. second church, 
Unitarian, Marblehead. Dec. 4, 

1763. 
I2 — ii. Rebeck ah\ bap. ibid.. Feb. 2, 

1766. 
!-j — Hi. Mary\ bap. ibid.. Dec. 19, 176S. 

9. 

Benjamin Burn 3 , b. May 22, 1750; m. 

Mary Cole, Marblehead, Dec. 10. 1773. 
He was in Col. Jonathan Glover's 5th 
Essex County Regiment, year not given. 
He d. before 1790. His widow m. Feb. 
14, 1790 Capt. John Conway. 
Child: . 

I4 _i. Abigail 5 [Xabby], bap. second 
church (Unitarian), Marblehead, 
Apr. 16. 177;. She m. June S, 
• 1794, \V[illialm Hammon. 



276 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



10. 

Joseph Burn 2 , b. July 10, 1752, was a 
private in Capt. Thomas Kimball's Com- 
pany of Minute Men in Col. John Baker's 
Regiment, Apr. 19, 1775. He was a pri- 
vate in Capt. Richard Dodge's Company, 
Lieut. Col. Loami Baldwin's (late Ger- 
rish's 38th Regiment) return of sick and 
absent returned Aug. n, 1775. He 
served through the year. In 1776, he 
served in Capt. Richard Dodge's Com- 
pany in Col. Loami Baldwin's 26th Regi- 
ment, Continental Army. He served as 
a Corporal, at that time a resident of 
Beverly, in Capt. Robert Dodge's Com- 
pany, Col. Jonathan Titcomb's Regi- 
ment which marched Apr. 25, 1777 in 
Rhode Island service. He m. in Beverly 
(int. July 26, 1777), Anna Williams. 

NOTES. 

Bash Burn and Anthony Phedrick 
(Fedrick int.) resident of Beverly, late of 
Medfield, m. in Beverly, Nov. 17, 1784. 

Jupiter Burn and Esther Thissel m. 
int. Oct. 11, 1789. — Beverly Records. 

Elizabeth Burne and Jacob Bryan m. 
int. Jan. 25, 1766. Their child John was 
born Apr. 27, 1777. — Gloucester Vital 
Records. 

Mary Burn and Benjamin Felt m. Dec. 
7, 1775. — Salem Vital Records. 



BURNELL, BURNALL. 

Robert Burnell lived in Lynn. He 

m. Kathorn who d. Sept. 9, 1693. 

He m. second, Sarah . He d. in 

April, 1700. His widow was probably 
the Sarah Burnall who m. in Lynn, Dec. 
4, 1705, Samuel Potter. 

Children by wife Sarah: 

i. John, b. Nov. 1, 1696; m. int. Dec. 
29, 1716, Mehitable Edmonds. 



ii. Sarah, b. On. 7, u,< n 
The following may alao nave been - bildn 
this < oupie. 
Elizabeth Burnall of Lrni 
Robert Grant oi [ptwicfa m. nt, 
Aug. ix, 1714. 
Sarah Burnall and John Clipshara 
of Marblehead, m. int. Od 

1727. When thifl COtl 
married Nov. ;, 1727, his name 
was given as John Upl 
Maiden. 
Martha Burne! and Ralph ' 
cock m. int. Gloucester, N 
1755- 
Betty Burnell and Jonathan Kendall m. 
int. Gloucester, Dec. 5, 1757. 

Priscilla Burnell, dau. of Joseph and 
Sarah was bap. in the first chun h, Marble- 
head, Nov. 20, 1747. 

John Burnell of Salem was mentioned 
in the will of Lawrence "Sethick" (South- 
wick) Salem, 1660. — E. I. H. (.'., Vol. I. 
p. 94. 



• BURNAM (See BURNHAM.) 
BURNAP. 

Isaac Burnap of Salem m, Sth of the 
9th month, 1658, Hannah Antrum, dau. 
of Thomas and Jane (Batter) Antrum. 
They had a son, Isaac, who was mentioned 
in his grandfather Antrum's will dated 
24th nth month, 1662, probated 
month, 1663, Isaac, Sr. died about 166S. 
His heirs including Robert Burnap. Sr. 
with wife Man', Robert Burnap, Jr. with 
wife Sarah, and Thomas Burnap all of 
Reading, deeded to Elias Parkman in 
all their interest in half of a farm in Salem 
formerly in the possession of Isaac Burnap, 
deceased. See Popes Pioneers of .'•■' 
p. 80. 

NOTES 

Robert Burnap was a witness to an 
agreement, 2nd of the 2nd mo., 1646 — 
Salem Quarterly Court Rec. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



277 



Samuel Burnap of Andover was a pri- 
vate in Capt. Henry Abbot's Company on 
the Lexington alarm, April iq, 1775. — 
Mass. S. 6* 5". in Rei'. War, Vol. II, p. 
870. 

BURNETT, BURNETT, BURNATE. 

Robert Burnate and Anna Wilkins. 
were m. in Middleton, Feb. 19, 1734-5. 
Children: 

i. Sarah, b. Nov. 12, 1734. 

ii. Henry, b. July 4, 173S; d. July 28, 

1739, ae. 1 yr. 24 d. 
iii. Henry, b. Aug. 30, 1740. 

Middleton Vital Records. 



John Burnet and Sarah Hutchinson m. 
int. Ipswich, Man h S. 17 jq, I 
Mary was bap. in Wenham. June 7. 1 7 4 1 . 

— Ipswich and Wenham Vital A'". ■ 

Mary Burnet and W'nlliaim Browne 
were m. in New York, \\>v. 14, 17 ; 

Sara Burnet and J<>hn Sothii 
m. 3rd day, 12 month. [668. 

Elem. Burnet of Marblehead v. 
ordinal*)' seaman on the ship "FranJ 
commanded by Capt. John Turner in 
1780. His age was 1 =; years; complexion 
light.— Mass. S.6*. S. Rev. War, Vol. II, 
p. 872. 



-V -v 



<&rttict«*m $c (Somttu nt 



on ilocify* anii CHliet £iibjec^ 



Natives of Massachusetts in Public Life. 

The writer recently took the trouble to 
examine the "Congressional Directory" 
for the present Congress, with a view of 
ascertaining the nativity of our represent- 
atives. 

From Massachusetts both the senators 
and nine of the fourteen members of the 
House seem to be natives of the state, 
(one or two do not give their birth place). 
Of the others, Congressman Roberts of 
the /th district is a native of Maine. Weeks 
of the 12th, of New Hampshire, Lovering 
of the 14th, of Rhode Island, McCall of the 
8th of Pennsylvania and Greene of the 
13th of Illinois. 

In the Senate, F. E. Warren of Wyoming 
was born in Hinsdale, 1844, Jonathan 
Bourne, Jr., of Oregon, in New Bedford, 
1855, and F. P. Flint of California in 
North Reading, 1862. Among Congress- 
men, E. S. Henry of the 1st Connecticut 
district, was born in Gill, 1836; A. B. 
Capron of the 2d Rhode Island, in Mendon, 
1841 ; W. H. Draper of the 22d New York, 
in Worcester County, 1841 ; W. F. Engle- 
bright of the 1st California, in New Bed- 
ford, 1855; H. S. Boutell of the 9th Illinois, 



in Boston, 1856; F. C. Stevens of the 4th 
Minnesota, in Boston, 1S61 ; W. II. Ham- 
mond of the 2(1 Minnesota, in South' r . 
1863. 

From this enumeration it appears that 
while men from our section of the country 
are no longer in the ascendancy in the 
nation to the extent they were two genera- 
tions ago when the intellectual vigor of the 
new west was New England born, still we 
do produce more statesmen than we need 
for home consumption. How many of the 
remaining members of the national l< 
lature are of Massachusetts ancestry, there 
are no statistics to show, but just that 
of testing and tracing the racial and local 
influence in population is much in vogue 
today. 

Mathews' "Expansion of New England: 
the spread of New England settlements and 
institutions to the Mississippi River"' was 
one of the notable books of [909; while 
there are indications that investigation of 
racial and sectional influence in the settle- 
ment and development of our American 
communities, is becoming a favorite form 
of postgraduate student activity. 

C. A. F. 



0ur^U0TiaT Ports' 

Rev. Thomas FIrasklin Waters. 



MODERN American architecture 
exhibits many gross faults. It is 
cheap and fragile, because cheap 
materials are used, and false economy in- 
sists on a low price. It is often tawdry and 
coarse, responding to the coarse desire for 
display, begotten by sudden wealth. It 
is painfully fragmentary as when a single 
building is constructed on a spacious lot, 
with ornamental front, but with sides ab- 
solutely blank and bare, which await the 
inevitable erection of other buildings of 
any style which the taste of the owner 
may choose. Above all else, it is transi- 
tory. There is a change of fashion in 
houses and mills and great commercial 
structures as in garments. The modern 
"sky scraper" of twenty stories calmly de- 
mands the destruction of good and sub- 
stantial buildings because the land is too 
valuable for a five-story edifice. 

But a new spirit is plainly asserting it- 
self. A higher and finer standard of taste 
is obvious. There is a growing demand 
for grace and beauty. The judgment of 
the most skilful architects is often invited, 
before decision is made in plans of the 
greatest magnitude. "Even more signifi- 
cant than this is the note of permanence 
and finality. Structures are being reared 
up that may endure forever. The huge 
Stadium on the banks of the Charles, sim- 
ple and grand, may last a thousand years, 
untouched by decay. The massive West 
Boston bridge, and the new dam and via- 
duct, now approaching completion, are our 
contributions to remote posterity. The 
beautiful Hartford bridge will be admired 
by many generations yet to come. The 
Public Library, the Harvard Medical 



School, and Trinity Church a 
as well as beautiful. Tin- barbaric van- 
dalism of war, which had no mercy for 

noblest masterpieces of Athens or Rome, 
is gone forever. The tearing down of the 
Coliseum to provide stones fur new build- 
ings is a crime that will not be i 
Inspired by this hope and the Lndestru 
bleness of his creation the archiu t of to- 
day has a grand and compelling motive to 
rouse him to his best. 

THE historian, the antiquary, the sen- 
timentalist, have come to times 
no less auspicious. Commercialism, 
imperious and arrogant, has met with 
notable defeats. The old South church 
stands today, dwarfed and insignificant , 
almost overwhelmed by the towering 
structures that shut it in, but no pro 
touch can ever disturb a single brick. The 
old State House has been used for common 
purposes of trade an- 1 was exposed to the 
dangers that such use always brings, but 
it has been rescued and restored with 
painstaking accuracy, and set apart a 
priceless historic memorial. 

Modernism demanded the destruction of 
the Bulfinch front of the State Hou e, 
but its demands were resisted and are not 
likely to be repeated. The proposed sale 
of Park Street church and the lot on 
which it stands, for business purpo-e-. 
raised a tempest that may have been a 
mighty factor in saving the honored edil 
The whole Commonwealth would cry O^t 
in anguish if the society which own- an 1 
worships in King's Chapel shoul I 
the inconceivable project of erect:: 
modern meeting house in its place. There 



280 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



is a voice that cries : These sacred monu- 
ments of past ages, these noble and beau- 
tiful structures, rich in sentiment, whose 
value cannot be computed in the coin of 
the realm, must stand forever. 

EVERYWHERE, in city, town and 
village, the historian, who delves 
faithfully in the archives and tells 
the story of the Past simply and truthfully, 
is conscious of a receptive public, and his 
work is held in honor. Historical and an- 
tiquarian collections have a promise of 
permanence, that never before attached to 
them. The practice of incorporating the 
societies, which generally own these collec- 
tions, is almost universal, and it is encour- 
aged by the liberal gifts 6f valuable publi- 
cations, which are made by the state to 
every incorporated society. Gifts are 
made freely, because confidence in the 
stability and perpetuity of the organiza- 
tions which are benefited, prevails in 
every community. 

Not many years have passed since the 
sentimental lover of the Past, making his 
plea for the stately and beautiful old pul- 
pit, which was in danger of being sacrificed 
for the advent of a modern "desk" in the 
old meeting house, rich in a'ssociations and 
fragrant with hallowed memories, was like 
a prophet lifting up his voice in the wilder- 
ness. The old mansions, standing four 
square, with ancient porch, many-paned 
windows, spacious fire-places, and plentiful 
panel- work wrought skilfully from the 



finest white pine, was then deemed un- 
fashionable, and v. 
decay. But a new love for the I : the 

past has grown up. A new . 
imparted to the things which 
away, and they are being | 
admired. If the old Ian | 
sought for a residence or a sun.: 
by some person of sentiment, it 
value as a type of the ancient 
makes an appeal that secures it, pre 
tion. 

THE thought of permanence, o:' 
preservation, is much in mind. 
Coveted heirlooms, documents of 
rare value, the treasures of 
generations, are deposited at last in some 
secure repository. The preckms 
is published. The map drawn by an an- 
cient surveyor is photographed. 

It is well worth while to undertake 
many tasks, building on this assurance of 
permanence. Historic buildings may be 
purchased and restored without fear that 
they will be neglected and forgotten when 
the enthusiastic restorer has passed away. 
Museums and historical or antiquarian 
collections will find new friends, when 
those who have worked through long and 
unrewarded years to establish them, have 
finished their task. The. patient toil of the 
historical student, extending through his 
ripest years, is appreciated as never before, 
and he may find sufficient recom; en 56 :n 
the confidence that his work will endure. 



of 5tlassacl)U5ett$" 

has made many persons mad. In fact the book 
has created the wildest stir of any book published 
in the past ten years. Mr. Stark in an attempt to 
show that our common-school and other histories 
are prejudiced in the accounts of the Revolution, 
and are responsible for the hatred and distrust of 
England which exists in America to-day,— has 
made such aggressive attacks on the motives and 
characters of patriots like John Hancock, Samuel 
Adams, and John Adams, as to cause the main 
object and historical value of the book to be en- 
tirely over looked. 

The newspapers made a sensation of its seem- 
ing' ''disclosures," and the demand for it was so 
great that a new edition of 1000 was ordered with- 
in a month. See next page for particulars. The 
book will be extensively reviewed by the Massa- 
chusetts Magazine in the next issue. 

PRICE S5.00 

"publish bj 

Ol)£ Salem T^ress (To., Salem, tfttass. 



Review by the Boston Transcript, April 17, 1909 



HONORING THE LOYALISTS 



•THE OTHER SIDE OF THE AMERICAN 
REVOLUTION" 



James H. Stark About to Publish a Vol- 
ume Containing a Series of Biographies 
of the Tories of Massachusetts, Contain- 
ing Newly Discovered Facts About Them 



It is high time someone wrote the true 
story of the Tories of Massachusetts dur- 
ing the Revolution. Fair minded persons 
even in this rebellious centre have come 
to realize that these Tories are not as 
black as they are painted. Accordingly 
the b^ok entitled "The Loyalists of Massa- 
chusetts and the other side of the Ameri- 
can Revolution" which Mr. James H. Stark 
of Boston will soon publish, is sure to 
meet with a warm welcome, whether the 
readers all agree with its statements or 
not. 

The advance proofsheets of this work 
show that this publication will be of uncom- 
mon interest not only to genealogists and 
historians of the Revolutionary period, but 
to the general public. This work is 
divided into two parts; the first part is best 
described by Mr. Stark in his introduction. 
He says: 

Senator Hoar's Opinion 

"At the dedication of the monument 
erected on Dorchester Heights to commem* 
orate the evacuation of Boston by the Brit- 
ish, the oration was delivered by that nestor 
of the United States Senate, Senator Hoar. 
In describing the government of the colon- 
ies at the outbreak of the Revolution, he 
made the following statement: 'The Gov- 
ernment of England was. in the main, a 
gentle government, much as our fathers 
complained of it. Her yoke was easy and 
her burden was light; our fathers were a hun- 
dred times better off in 1775 than were the 
men of Kent, the vanguard of liberty in 
England. There was more happiness in 
Middlesex on the Concord, than there was 
in Middlesex on the Thames.' 

"These words by our venerable and 
learned senator seemed strangelv unfamiliar 
to us who had derived our history of the 



n- -volution from the achool textbooi 
had taught us that the I 
solely t.» the oppi • .--:-m and I 
British, and that i.lin. 

Adams. Hancock, Otl« M 
er Revolutionary patriot! had in a 
degree all the virtue! evei 
men in their respective spl 
the Tories or Loyalists, luch a 
son, the Olivers, Saltonatalla, 
Quincys and other! were to be !• • 
their mem try execrated for their abomina- 
ble and unpatriotic actions. 

"This led me to inquire and to examine 
whether there might n->t be two 
Hi- controverey which led to the Revolution- 
ary War. I soon found that for m 

a century our most gifted writers had al- 
most uniformly suppressed or mi>- 
ed all matter beating upon on< 
ciuestion, and that it would seem to !>•■ set- 
tled by precedent that this nation could not 
be trusted with all portions of its own his- 
tory. But it seemed to me that ).: 
should know no concealment. The people 
have a right to the whole truth, and to 
full benefit of unbiased historical teaching!, 
and if, in an honest attempt to d 
duty to my fellow citizens. I relate on un- 
questionable authority facts that politic men 
have intentionally concealed, let no man 
say that I wantonly expose the errors of the 
fathers." 

The second part contains the bibli- 
ographies of the Loyalists of Massachu- 
setts, commencing with the anc^-strv 
of the first settlers, briefly describing 
the important part they took ir. 
settlement of the country down to the 
date of the Revolution, and then going 
the details of the part they took in that 
struggle, and what became of the families 
after they were banished and their estate? 
confiscated. At the end of each of the bi- 
ographies of the Boston Loyalists is gfVen 
a list of the confiscated estates, their Io< a- 
tion and names of purchasers. 

The biographies are much more extended 
and the details gone into than in "Sabine's 
Loyalists of the Revolution." published in 
1S64: for instance the Hutchinson family 
has eight times the amount of space that is 
given in Sabine's. There are also many 
that Sabine omitted, such as James Murray 
of Milton from whom Murrav Forbes, James 
Murray Robbins. Murray Howe and other 
prominent persons are descended. 

This work will be issued tin's fall, and 
it contains upwards of thirty-five full- 
page illustrations printed on plate paper and 
inserted, besides are many half-page illus- 
trations printed in the text. 



The work is now ready for delivery. Price $5.00, postage 30 cts. 
Royal 8 vo., over 500 pages, 50 full page illustrations, printed on plate 
paper and inserted. Many half k page illustrations printed in the 
text. 



44 



J M gl B.Jfl W W » — I 



///z 




£7/ 



Sectional 
Bookcases 



► | 




The kind that grows 
with your library and per- 
mits of artistic arrangements 
in the odd and otherwise useless 
spaces in your library. 
Endorsed as the best by thousands 
•of prominent users throughout the v i 
•country. We save you the dealers' \ 
profits by shipping direct from factory. V 

On Approval-Freight Paid 

Solid Oak, $1.00 §« tion and upwards \ 
SEND FOR OUR NEW CATALOGUE No. no " 

■which illustrates the different grades and finishes — from V 
■eolid oak to solid mahogany — and oSers many suggestions \ 
/or pleasing home adaptations. 

The B. E. LUNDSTROM MFG. CO., LITTLE FALLS, N. Y. 

Manufacturers of Sectional Bookcases and Filing Cabinets 



: 



- * 





















\ 



• g 

' 4 






Cambridge Church 
Records 



RECORDS OF THE CHURCH OF CHRIST AT CAMBRIDGE IX SEW 

ENGLAND, 1G32-1S30 

* Comprising the Ministerial Records of Baptisms, Marriages Deaths. Admission 
to Covenant and Communion, Dismissals and Church Proceedings. 



8vo. do. pp. 579 



Copied and Edited by STEPHEN P. SHARPLES 



Price, $6.oo 



EBEN PUTNAM, 26 BROAD ST., BOSTON 




HE HISTORY OF KING S COUNTY, 

Nova Scotia, the famous "Evangeline 
County/ comprising about 700 pages, is to 
be published this spring. Dr. Eaton, the author 
of the work, an Episcopal clergyman and a literary 
man of much prominence, has given the last three 
years to the writing of it, and in its pages will be 
found a graphic account of the county's varied history, 
from the earliest French settlement to the present 
time. Five years after the expulsion of the Acadians a 
large number of families of the utmost importance in 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, at- 
tracted by the offer of the rich lands of the exiled 
French, removed to Nova Scotia, and from these 
planters the present population, and many notable 
persons in the United States, and in other parts of 
Canada, are sprung. To the story of this migration 
Dr. Eaton has devoted many pages of his book, and 
it is not too much to say that in his treatment of it 
what to many people will be an entirely new episode 
in American history, will be brought to light. The 
western part of the county was settled later by Amer- 
ican Loyalists, and this historic migration, also, 
receives in the book its share of attention. In 
the work, the county's industrial, political, educa- 
tional, religious, and family history have been traced, 
and when published the book will be one of the not- 
able contributions to American local history. To all 
persons born in the county or whose ancestors lived 
there, and who are interested in their families' history, 
or in the history of the county, the book will have 
deep interest. 

The price to those who subscribe before the work 
is published will be five dollars. The price after 
publication will be raised. This price is made 

strictly in advance of publication and as an induce- 
ment for you to send in your subscription now — for 
one or as many copies as you desire. 



Y e 01d e 
Clock e Shopp ( 



33 HARVARD ST., 
BOSTON 

Antiques in great 
variety. CLWillard 
Clocks a Specialty 

Correspondence relative 

to sale or purchase 

invited. 



Edition Nearly Exhausted 

Historic Storms 
IRew Bnglattb 

By SIDNEY PERLEY, Esq. 

Many amusing and pathetic 
anecdotes 

TIN unusual work, nearly out of 
r\ print, describing great storms, 
/ earthquakes, comets, strange 
appearances in the heavens, dark 
days, ship wrecks, aurora borealis, 
hurricanes, whirlwinds, in Massa- 
chusetts and other New England 
States, from 1635 through nearly 
three centuries. 

PRICE, $2.50 

Address Box 216, Salem, Mass. 



H Gcncaloo^ 

A single line of 

THOMAS FULLER 

of Salem and Woburn 

covering 9 generations 

1 O copies have been placed 
A *-* in our hands by the 
publisher and can be had at 
this office, 57 pages, 3 illus- 
trations. 

Price, One Dollar 



IF YOU ARE 
AN AMERICAN 

you should be interested in Ameri- 
can history. The only monthly pub- 
lication devoted to American history, 
the whole country and every epoch 
of its story, is 

£be flDagasine of History 
mitb motes an& ©ueriee 

(The virtual successor of the old Magazine 
0/ American History, published from 1877 
to 1893, and edited chiefly by the late Mrs. 
Martha J. Lamb.) 

Fifty cents a number; $5.00 a year. 
Send 5o cents for a specimen copy. 

William Abbatt, Puncher 

141 East 25th St., New York 

(Just published, a complete INDEX to the old 
Magaziue. fe 00 net. Sample page tree..' 



-w?~r 



€^pe Old Families of Salis- 
bury and Amesbury, with 

some related families of adjoining towns and 
of York County, Maine. 

These two volumes contain iSth century church 
records and 17th century documents not before pub- 
lished, three or four generations of all families of 
these two towns, down to 1700, with many of later 
date, some carried to 1800. Send for circular to 

David W. Hoyt 

Providence, R. I. 



PEDIGREES PROVED 



• A5 rcfjuirr.l l, N 

Mayflower, r> a k 



iloolal D 

hi • 



1 •) Xkwrkkm Library, m f» ■ ■ ■ , 

~ • «r.- betti r tl m »t in] 

* II < ' ••xiii I 



drxi 



Fifteen r« , • . , 

teed. II 1 '1 ,-r , |« r. ■■ . 1 

Hi \\k. for •:.•• In .-. .m, ,.;,„.- 



full Id of 

Amckmtrai * 11 > 
of birth, death and 
TIRt for liui-, «l 



. » it Ii »;...• ., 

i»rriif.-,- ,..' 



EDWARD A. CLAYPOOL.Genealog.st 
Suite 309 Bush Temple, Chicago, 111. 



PUwm mrntlon •• Th» M »■■». I. .-»•,, Mmm 



A Little Booklet on 



SaJem 



A very interesting description of the sa- 
lient features of Salem's history. It takes 
up in five short chapters 

Antiquity of Salem 

Witchcraft in Salem 

Salem's Wonderful Maritime Era 

Hawthorne in Salem 

Salem in the Revolution 

Sent postpaid to any address for /j cents 
THE SALEM PRESS CO., Salem, Mass. 



Xibravu Jitstattly 



SEARCH work done in Washington 
libraries by an experienced w< 
I Also translating, copying of M^. • 
All work done promptly and at n 
able rates. References. 

E. L. STONE 

Stoneleigh Court, Washington, D. C. 




Coats of Arms Enlarged 
and Illuminated 



PRICES VERY REASONABLE 
Send copy of design and get our price 



THE SALEM PRESS CO., SALEM, MASS 



Paper to Last 1 00 Yea 



rs 



T,HE reason why a durable paper should be selected for all vour 
\V historical manuscripts is this: You cannot tell whether your 
£ work will ever be published during your lifetime or not. [1 

lay in manuscript 10 years, 50 years, or a 100 years. Nothing 
improbable about it. Swedenborg's contributions to 
have just been published and he has been dead over 100 years. * In the 
library of the Academy of Science there now repose many of his manu- 
scripts on philosophical and scientific subjects, overlooked' and forgotten. 
If the work of such a remarkable man as he, reputed to have been the 
originator of the nebula hypothesis and to have been a century in advance 
of the scholars of his time in many branches of scientific study, can be 
overlooked, why cannot yours be overlooked? 

You cannot help that of course, but there is one thing you can do. 
This is to see that your ink and paper is as durable as Swedenborg's. Is 
the paper you are using of a good quality so that it will preserve your work 
for 50 or 100 years if necessary, till some one is interested to print it? 
What constitutes durable paper? 

Durable writing paper is made from the very best grade of cotton, 
or flax fibre, beaten and cut into pieces about one-thirtieth of an inch long! 
This makes a strong, flexible, durable sheet, that cannot be torn easily, 
and when "sized" presents a hard surface that will take ink without 
absorption. 

Old Hampshire Bond 

is such a paper. It is recommended as an ideal paper for manuscripts 
and letter writing. One year or fifty years from now, your letters in 
other peoples files will look as well as the day they were received if they 
were written on Old Hampshire Bond. 

Old Hampshire Bond betters by age, because it is made slowly. You 
cannot hasten the process of paper making and get as good a paper as by 
the old slow method. You have to build a sheet of paper. That is why a 
blind man could tell a sheet of Old Hampshire Bond in a ream of other 
papers. The "feel" would tell him the character of the paper. Its 
strength and surface would tell the story of a slow, careful manufacture. 



Write for Sample Book. If you will write to us and 
mention this Magazine, we will send you a sample 
book showing various weights and colors. 



The Hampshire Paper Co, 

South HacHey Fairs, Mass. 




Plan of a Structure Whereby Rapid Filtration and Com- 
plete Purification can be Obtained. Designed and 
Patented by Amasa 5. Glover, May 5, 1896. 

/ *pl Bl , 'his apparatus is intended for municipalities, and comprises a * 
£ of primary or hlter-beds; means for charging the 

^\, gas-removing structure; secondary beds of any size and < 

^W tion located^ outside; but much larger than the primary beds and 
much smaller than any ever before found efficient. 
1 Asettjing-tanklfor sedimentation or chemical precipitation mav 
located within structure, from which by way of pipes with gates the i 

bed may be charged. • 

The primary beds are'eonstructed to arrest the solid matter and permit 




the escape of the liquid matter wholly through filtering material, por 
pipes, sand and gravel or any of the materials used for such purpose, resting 
on a liquid-tight concrete bottom, thereby increasing the efficiency 
anaerobic action in primary beds many fold and reducing size of secondary 
beds required for complete or partial purification. 

, The apparatus can be made automatic in action by siphons or a tide 
For full particulars, one can refer to Patents, Xos. 559, 522 and 719, 357, and 
the finding of the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the First Circi 
or to the General Manager of corporations owning patent rights, 
JOHN N. McCLINTOCK, A. H. C. E. 
10 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 



ry o o 



X 



mmmmm^um 



WKtm&tm 



wmmmmmmmtmm 



n 



I 



■MHM