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Nota bene por my Reviewers i 


A Reminiscence 30 

The Medical Observer. A Fragment 40 



Ledum , 47 

Magnes : 60 

Magnetis polus Arcticus 83 

Magnetis polus Australis 100 

Manganum aceticum 114 

menyanthe3 trifoliata 130 

Mercurius 144 

MoscHUs 100 

muriaticum acidum 209 

nux vomica 223 

Oleander 270 

Opium 284 

Phosphoricum acidum 319 

Pulsatilla 345 

Rheum 391 

Rhus 400 

Ruta 439 

Sambucus 452 

Sarsaparilla 459 

Scilla 466 

Spigelia 479 

Spongia 509 

Stannum 526 

Staphisagria 555 

Stramonium 586 


Taraxacum 638 

Thuja 649 

Veratrum 673 

Verbascum 702 

\ ■' I 



' >^ 


z*^ * 


"■ ■*. 


(To show how rauch enmity the bctter healìng art had to endure from the 
allopathic doctors up to the year 1817, the following Hncs may be allowéd to nsaain 
in this second edition, ali the more because during the last scven years until now 
thcre has been no lack of public calumniators of the truth and of its founder.) 

I HAVE read several unfair criticisms on the second part of my Materia 
Medica Pura^ especially on the essay at the beginning of it, entitled 
** Spirit of the Homocopathic**" Medicai Doctrine." 

Now, I could easily settle them here after the traditional manner ot 
writers, and expose them in ali their nakedness. But I shall not do so. 
I do not wish to burden myself with the sin of immortalizing these 
follies and their perpetrators, and prefer not to reveal the weaknesses of 
my contemporaries to an assuredly more discerning posterity. 

I shall only say this much in a general way. 

Perversions of words and sense, incomprehensible palaver^ which is 
meant to appear learned, abuse and theoretical sceptical shaki ngs of the 
head^ instead of practical demonstrations of the contrary, seem to me to 
be weapons of too absurd a character to use agaìnst a fact such as 

* What an immense amount of learaing do not my critics display ! I shall only 
allude here to those who wrìte and get printed homotathic and homopathy in place ot 
homcBopathic and homceopathyy thereby betrayine tnat they are not aware of the 
immense difFerence betwixt ófiòv and 5fio(ov, but consider the two to be syno- 
nymous. Did they then never bear a word about what the whole worid knows, now 
the infinite difFerence betwixt ó/ioovo-coc and ò/xoco^o-coc once split the whole Christian 
Church into two irreconcilable parts ? Do they not understand enouc^h Greek to 
know that (alone and in combination) òfiòv means common^ identical^ the same (e^, 
§ie òftòv Xfxoc ilaavapalvoi, Iliad, ^.) but that Bfiotov means only similar, resembling 
tM object, but nenjer reaching it in regard to nature and kind, never becoming identical 
<witk it F 

The homoeopathic system of medicine never pretended to cure a disease by the 
same, the identical agent by which the disease was produced — this has been inculcated 
on the unintelligcnt opponeiMs often enough, but, as it seems, in vain ; — no ! it only 
cures by means of an agent never exactly corresponding to, never identical with the 
cause of the disease, but by means of a medicine that posscsses the peculiar power of 
being able to produce only a similar morbid state (^/xocoi; TrdOoc), and this is the 
mode most in conformity with nature. 

Cannot these pcrsons feci the difFerence betwixt ** identical '" (the same) and 
*^ similar T" Are they ali homopathically labouring under the same malady ot 
stupidity ? Should not any one njoho *ventures to step fovward as a critic of the 
** Spirit of the Homceopathic Medicai Doctrine " ha've^ to begin with, at least some 
idea ofthe meaning ofthe luord ** HomcBopathy^ 

^ From voi. iii, znd edit., 1825. 
VCL. II. 1 



ìbonuropathy is ; they remind me of the little figures which mis- 
chievous boys make with gunpowder and set on Are in order to teasc 
people^-the things can only fizz and splutter, but are not very efFective, 
are on the whole very miserable afFairs. 

By such trìcks,. the pitiful character of which recoils on their 
autbors, homoeopathy cannot be blown up. 

My respected brethren on the opposition benches, I can givc you 
better advice as to how you should set about overthrowing, if possiblc, 
this doctrine, which threatens to stifle your art, that is founded on mere 
assumption, and to bringruin uponall your therapeutic lumber. Listen 
to mei 

.'Your attempts against the systematic exposition of the doctrine^ 
entìtled the *' Spirit of the Homceopathic Medicai Doctrine," bave, as 
you perceive, proved unsuccessful. You had better leave it alone ! 
Spirìts such as this is are no subjects for joking with. It is said there 
are spirits whose appearance has left behind a life-Iong disquiet in the 
conscience of the wicked and of those who act contrary to their know- 
ledge of what is rìght, and which nightiy torment them for their 
negiect of recognised and yet neglected duties I Mark this, else you 
may not be able to silence the judge within you, which has wakened to 
speak to you in unmistakeable accents ! 

No ! there is another and an infallible method of overthrowing this 
doctrìne, if that is possible to be done. 

This doctrìne appeals not only chiefly, but solely to the verdict of 
experience — " repeat the experiments," it cries aloud, " repeat them 
carefuUy and accurately, and you will fìnd the doctrine confìrmed at 
every step" — and it does what no medicai doctrine, no system of 
physic, no so-called therapeutics ever did or could do, it insists upon 
bemg '^ judged by the rcsult.*' 

Here, then, we bave homoeopathy just where we wished to bave 
it \ bere we can (come on, dear gentlemen, ali will go on nicely) give 
it the death blow from this side. 

Take one case of disease after another, note it down according to 
the directions given in the Organon^ especially in respect of ali its dis- 
coverable symptoms, in so exact a manner that the founder of homoeo- 
pathy himself shall be unable to fìnd fault with the accuracy of the 
report (of course any case selected must hit one for which a homceo- 
pathic medicine is to be found amongst those medicines whose peculiar 
symptoms are known), and administer, pure and unmixed, the most 
appropriate homceopathic medicinal substance that can be discovered for 
the case of disease in question, in a dose as small as this doctrine directs, 
but, as is expressly insisted on, taking care to remove ali other kinds of 
medicinal influences from the patient; and if it do not give relief, speedy, 
mild, and permanent relief, then, by a publication of the duly attested 
history of the treatment according to the principles of the homaeopathic 
system strictly followed outj you will be able to give a public refutation of 
this doctrine which so seriously threatens the old darkness. 

But I pray you to beware of playing false in the matter ! — ali roguery 
Comes to light and leaves an indelible stigma behind it as a warning,* 

* As a warning example in point I would refer to the notorìous (exquisittly 



If then, following your conscientious example, every other <^ifw)r 
conscientious and careful medicai experimentalist meets with the same 
result — i/ali that the h^ceopathic doctrine promi se s front heìng fàiihfully 
followed out does noi take place — then homoeopathy is as good as lost \ it 
is ali up with homoeopathy if it does not show itself efficacious, remark- 
ably efficacious. 

Or, gentlemen on the opposition corporation benches, do you know 
any other and more potent method for suppressing this accursed doc- 
trine, with its truths"**" that cut into the very soul of the dogmatists of 
ancient and modem times, well armed though they be — ìgnea inest itlis 
vis et coelestis erigo — which, as it is asserted for certain, only needs to 
appeal to impartiality and sound human reason in order to {ini an 
entrance into the uncorrupted understanding, and can point to the 
infallibly beneficiai efFects that result from a faithful following out of 
its precepts, and is thus enabled to triumph certainly over ali obduracy ; 
— do you, gentlemen, I repeat, know any more efFectual mode of 
suppressing this doctrine ? 

Yes ! apparently you think you do. 

recorded) history of a disease which Kotzebue was saìd to have had, and of which he 
was said to have been roiraculously cured by means of the excitement-theory method. 
It was, however, as was soon shown, a pure invention, invented in order to serve the 
purposes of the excitement-theory of that time, and the disgrace of the deception is 
stili and will ever be attached to the name of its author. 

* The truth of this, the only rational doctrine of medicine, must seize upon the 
convictions of these gentlemen if they possessed but a spark of common sense, and it 
did so to a certain extent, as we mav observe bere and there in their writings, from 
the piteous lamentations caused by their apprehension of the speedy overthrow of the 
antiquated edifice of their corporation. 

But, see, they feel their brains so stufFed full of the hundred thousand fanciful 
ideas, insane maxims, systems and dogmas, and the load of everlasting practical trash, 
that they are no longer capable of laying aside this useless furniture, in order then, 
with freedom of mind to practise impartially a system so simple as homoeopathy is, 
for the benefit of mankina. They feel themselves, I say, so incapable of doing this, 
that the ili-humour this causes distorts not only their mind, but also their features, 
and can only fìnd vent in impotent abuse of^ the better way that they can never 

I am almost sorry for them ; for the old falsehoods, so often paraded before them as 
tniths, hover incessantly before their memory as though they were actual truths ; the 
fictions presented to them as artlcles of faith, and testifìed to by illustrious and great 
names, nave been so often dinned as important and proper things into their ears, 
that they continue stili to resound there ; the illusory doctrinal maxims and the sup- 
positions, à priori explanations, definitions and dìstinctions of the schools, offered to 
them as axioms, have been so often read by them again and again in print, and 
custom has habituated their whole mode of operations to such a facile routine dex- 
terity, that they are now unable to resist the mfluence of those facile things that 
have become by habit their second nature, and they must, in spite of themselves, 
continue to think and act in the same way — (at the very first view of the patient 
some particular anatomical seat in the body occurs to them as the undoubted seat of 
the disease, some nosological name for the disease presses itself upon them, they 
already feel at their finger ends the elegant compouna prescription, which they will 
dash off upon the nearest piece of paper) — so that even if they wished seriously to 
reform and lead a new medicai life in simplicity and in truth, worthy of the All- 
seeing Maker of our mind that He has created to enable us to administer to the relief 
of sick and sufFering humanity, tAey are nvw incapable of doing so, 

Such is the character of the self-styled critics of the reformed system of medicine 
and their aiders and abettors j how can their criticisms be other than they are ? God 
have mercy on their poor souls ! 


Continue then, in reviews and books, to extol with fulsome lauda- 
tions the common-place twaddle of your school as though it were the 
perfection of sagacity, and to pervert and ridicule with your evil mind 
what your ignorance does not distort; continue to calumniate, to abuse, 
to revile: — and the unprejudiced will be able plainly to comprehend on 
whose side truth lies. 

The improved (homoeopathic) medicai doctrine will stand out in 
more prominent relief and appear to greater advantage against the foil 
of this nonsense, and ( — for who can entertain a doubt respecting the 
feeling for truth inherent in the better part of manlcind ? — ) will dispel 
tho nocturnal darkness of antiquated stupidities, for it teaches how to 
affbrd certaìn benefit in diseases, where hitherto mere incomprehensible 
learned palaver, at the bedside of the late lamented, sought in vain to 
hide the damage done by pint and quart bottlefuls of unsuitable mix- 
tures of unknown, life-destroying drugs. 

And what do you say when you see the author and first teacher 
of homoeopathy, together with bis genuine disciples, cure without 
suffering, and permanently, a much greater proportion of patients, and 
such as are sufFering from the worst, the most tedious complaints, 
with minute doses of mild, tasteless medicines ? Can your so-called 
art do the like ? Does not such a result laugh to scorn your miserable 
theoretical scepticism, and the impotcnt routine of your traditional 
practice ? 

If you really wish to do as well, imitate the homoeopathic method 
rationally and honestly I 

If you do not wish this — well then, grope away — wc will not 
prevent you — grope away on your comfortless path of blind and servile 
routine in the dark midnight of fanciful systems, seduced hither and 
thither by the will-o'-the-wisps of your venerated authorities, who, 
when you really stand in need of aia, leave you in the lurch — dazzle 
your sight and disappear. 

And if your unfortunate practice, from which that which you 
intended, wished, and promised usually does not occur, accumulates 
within you a store of spiteful bile, which seeks to dissipate itself in 
calumniating the better method — well then, continue to cali the grapes 
up yonder, which party pride, confusion of intellect, weakness or indo- 
lence prevents you reaching, sour, and leave them to be gathered by 
more worthy persons. 

Continue, if it so pleases you, enviously to slander the sublime art ; 
but know that envy gnaws in vain at adamantine truth, and only 
consumes the marrow of the bones of its victim."**" 


Leipzig j Fehruaryy 1 8 1 7 . 

* Aitóva PporoÌQy Aeschyl., Eume/t.f 319, 


Next to a knowledgc of what there is to cure in each particular 
case which presenta itself for treatment there can be no more necessary 
knowledge for a practical physician than an acquaintance with the 
tura the implenunts^ to know^ namely, what each of the remedies can 
certainly cure. 

Twenty-three centuries have been spent in fruitless labour to 
discover the way by which the end of this knowledge may be certainly 
reached ; and not a step has been gained by ali these eiForts. 

Had the millions of physicians who during this long space of time 
occupied themselves with the subject, only discovered the way to the 
knowledge of how this end (the discovery of the healing properties of 
each medicine) was to be attained^ then had much, almost everything, 
been accomplished ; for then wouid this way have been capable of being 
pursued, and the zeal and exertions of the better class of physicians 
must have soon won a considerable territory of knowledge, so that what 
stili remained to be ìnvestigated would also soon have been within our 

But observe, that not one^ as yet, ever trod the path that surely and 
certainly leads to this end. Ali the paths hitherto trodden were, con- 
sequently, as one century was forced to say of those of another, mere 
ways of crror. These we shall examine somewhat more closely. 

Tìit first source of the Materia Medica hitherto extant is mere guess 
work and fiction^ which attempts to set forth the general therapeuitc 
virtues of arugs. 

Exactly as the text ran in Dioscorides seventeen centuries ago : 
this or that substance is resolvent^ deobstruent^ diuretica diaphoreticj 
emmenagogue^ sedative^ anti spasmodica cathartic^ &c. — so runs it now in 
the most recent works on Materia Medica. The same descriptions of 
the general virtues of particular drugs, which do not turn out true ; the 
same general assertions, which do not hold good when put to the trial at 
the sick'bed, Experience declares that such a medicine very seldom 

_^mi__L^mmm.M^.^^ W. ■_ - " ~ "" 

^ From yo\. iii, ind cdit,, 1825, 


performs, in the human body, what these books allege respecting its 
general therapeutic virtues ; and that when it does, this happens either 
from other causes, or it is a merely palliative passing efFect (primary 
action), which is certainly followed by the opposite, to the greater 
detriment of the patient. 

If a medicine prized for its diuretic, diaphoretic, or emmenagogue 
qualities, when given by itself alone, had, in special circumstances^and in 
one out of many cases^ seemed to have had this efFect, should it, on this 
account, be pronounced as absolutely possessing these qualities, that is, 
would it deserve the title of an unconditional diaphoretic, emmena- 
gogue or diuretic ? In that case we should dignify with the name of 
an honest man one who occasionally acted honestly ; and on one who 
only refrained from lying on rare occasions we should bestow the 
honourable name of a truthful man, a man of his word ! 
Are our conceptions to be thus perverted and reversed ? 
But these rare instances do not prove that a certain efFect will take 
place even in rare cases ; for not in one case out of a hundred was the 
'substance given alone, but almost always in combination with other 

How few physicians are there who have given a patient but one 
single simple substance at a time, and waited for its sole operation, 
avoiding altogether the concomitant use of ali other medicinal sub- 
stances I It is invariably a mixture of various medicines that ordinary 
practitioners prescribe ! And if they ever give a simple substance, for 
example, in powder, they are sure to order also some herbal infusion 
(another kind of medicine), or heterogeneous medicatcd clyster, or 
embrocation, or fomentation of some other kind of herbs, to be used 
along with it. They ne ver act other wise. This inherent vice clings 
like pitch to the ordinary practitioner^ so that he can never rid hirnself of 
it. He is in straits before and behind, and he cannot rest, and is not 
at case, if this and that, and a lot of other drugs, are not prescribed 
into the bargain. 

And for this they have plenty of excuses. 

They maintain that this or that medicine (of the peculiar and pure 
efFects of which, however, they know nothing) is the principal ingre- 
dient of their compound prescription, and that ali the efFects must be 
attributed to it. The other substances were added for difFerent objects, 
some to aid their principal ingredient, some to correct it, others to 
direct it to this or that part of the body, or whatever other instructions 
as to their conduct they may give to the accessory medicines (their pure 
efFects being ali the time unknown) ; as if the drugs were intelligent 
beings, endowed with well-disposed wills and complaisant obedience, so 
that they must produce just that efFect in the interior of the ailing 
body which the doctor ordered them, and not a particle more ! 

But do these accessory substances cease, on your command, to 
confuse and to counteract, with their own peculiar and unknown 
medicinal influence, the action of your principal, and to produce, in 
accordance with the eternai laws of their own inherent nature, efFects 
which cannot be surmised or predicted, and can only be discovered and 
brought to our knowledge by pure experiment ? 


fictitious, when, for instance, it is stated that this or that medicine is 
diuretic, diaphoretic, purgative, expectorant, or a purifier of the blood 
and humours, &c.* 

The assertion that this or that medicine is resolvent, discutient, aji 
exalter or depresser of sensibility, irritability, or the reproductive fune- 
don, rests upon baseless hypothetical assumptions alone. It was in 
itself a false and hypothetical assumption, destitute of proof and of 
reality, that it was necessary directly to perform these operations in 
diseases at ali. How then, in the name of reason, could it be ventured 
to ascribe these, in themselves nugatory virtues, to individuai medicines, 
without proof, irrespective altogether of the fact they virere almost 
never prescribed singly, but almost always only in combination v^ith 
oihers ? Every such assertion is a palpable lie. 

What was ever seen dìssohed or resolved in the interior of the 
human bodv by medicines ? 6y what facts was such a power oì 
dissolving living parts of the organism proved to be possi ble by drugs ? 
Why is irrefragable evidence of the manifestation of this power by 
some substance not brought forward ? Or why, since it is impossible 
to observe such mechanical and chemical effècts of a drug on living parts 
in the undiscovered and undiscoverable penetralia of the organism, has 
not a sense of shame restrained men from publishing such inventions as 
truths and doemas, and, with unblushing brow, falsely ascribing such 
actions to medicines, since error in the most serious and important of 
ali earthly vocations, the healing of the sick, must bave the most 
grievous consequences ; and falsehood bere is the greatest crime, being 
nothing less than high treason against humanity ? 

And what is there in the hidden internai parts of the living body 
to dissolve or dissipate which the human organism, when acted on by 
medicine proper for its recovery, cannot itself, when necessary, dissolve ? 

Is there anything actually present in the body to be dissolved from 
without, at the opinion implies? Has not our Sòmmering proved 
that the swollen glands, which had hitherto always been considered to 
be obstructed, were, on the contrary, found to bave their vessels greatly 
over-dilated. Has it not been established by careful experiment on 
healthy peasants that by the persevering use of Kàmpf's clysters there 
may fac produced in and discharged from their bowels those same abomi- 
nable evacuations which Kampf, on hypothetical grounds, assumed to 
exist in the bodies of almost ali patients afFected by chronic disease, in 
the form of stoppage^ in&rctus, and accumulations ; although he had 

* When no other virtue could be attributed to a medicine, it must be at least an 
ruacuwtt t evacuant in some way or other ; for, without an evacuation — without an 
evacuation of the morbifìc matter which their grossly material conceptions of disease 
led them to seek in ali diseases, they could not imaj;ine that a medicine could eéect 
a cure. Since, then, the generation and existence ofa disease was, according to them, 
due to this hypothetical morbific matter, they bethought themselves of ali the 
conceivable cxcretory passages from the body by which this lethal matter could 
bc driven out by meoicines; and the mcdicmes had to do them the favour to 
take upon themselves the office of picking out and searching for this imaginaiy 
morbid matter from the numerous vessels and fluids, and of clearing it away by 
means of the urine, sweat, expectoration, or alvine discharge. These were the prin- 
cipal eflfects they desired and hoped from their remedies : this was the part ali the 
ipcdicines tp tbc Msitena M?dipa had to play. 





first by bis compound herbal decoctions, administered in tbe form of 
severa! hundred clysters, brought on, secundum artem^ the unnatural 
condition of the bowels which produced these secretions, and then got 
them evacuated, to the horror of ali beholders ; and, unfortunately, the 
rest of the profession were almost without exception his followers, and 
in their mind's eye they now saw in almost ali patients nothing but 
obstructions of the smallest vessels of the abdomen, infarctus and accu- 
mulations^ regarded the senseless herb-mixtures of Kampf as really 
dissolvent and deobstruent, and clystered the poor patients, for the sake 
of an hypothesis, with the greatest vigour and perseverance, almost to 
death, so much so that it was a sin and a shame. 

Now, supposing that these imaginary cases were indeed rea!, and 
that there could be something to dissolve and dissipate in the diseased 
human body, who has ever seen this dissolution or dissipation efFected 
by the direct action of the medicine on the interior when the patient 
recovers, so that the vital force, which before presided over ali the 
operations of the organism, had remained, in this instance, a passive 
spectator, and had allowed the medicine to work, unaided, upon the 
supposed obstructed and indurated parts, as a tanner operates on his 
hides ? 

By means of calomel, according to the history of a case,"**" a chronic 
vomiting that occurred after meals was removed. The cause of this 
vomiting was represented as nothing less than an induration of the 
stomach and pylorus ; this the narrator of the case avers with the 
greatest efFrontery, without adducing the slightest evidence in support 
of his position, only that he might attribute in this manner an uncon- 
ditional resolvent power to calomel, and assume the honour to himself 
of curing a disease which is as rare as it is incurable, Another 
writerf rants in the same imaginative strain about stomachache, and 
spasms in the stomach, eructation and vomiting in his patient being 
due to some organic disease of the stomach, scirrhus, indurations and 
tumours, and believes that as these were removed after drinking for a 
length of time docoction of triticum repens (and at the same time 
preserving a well-regulated diet and regimen ?), that he has fully 
established that this herb can cure scirrhus of the stomach, of the 
existence of which in his case there was not the slightest proof. 
But stomachache, eructation and vomiting after meals, even when 
of long standing, are by no means rare maladies, and are often easily 
curable by an improved diet and regimen, and, alone, afford no proof 
of induration or scirrhus of the stomach or pylorus. This disease 
is accompanied by much more serious symptoms than pain, eructation 
and mere vomiting are. 

This is, however, the highly commendable way in which a medicine 
is raised to the undeserved honour of being a resolvent, deobstruent, &c., 
remedy, namely, by blind conjecture and bold assumption of the pre« 
sence of an important internai malady, never seen or capable of being 
proved to be there. 

• HufelancTs Journal^ 1815, Dee, p. 121 
f In HufelaneCs Journaly 1813, p. 63. 


The second source of the virtues of drugs, as ascribed to them in the 
Materia Medica, has, it is alleged, a sure foundation, viz. their sensibU 
propertiesj from which their action may be inferred. We shall see, 
however, what a turbid source this is. 

I shall spare the ordinary medicai school the humiliation of re- 
minding it of the folly of those ancient physicians who, determining 
the medicinal powcrs of crude drugs from their signature^ that is, from 
their colour and form, gave the testicle-shaped orchis-root in order to 
restore manly vigour; the phallus impudtcus^ to strengthen weak erec- 
tions ; ascribed to the yellow turmeric the power of curing jaundice, 
and considered hypericum perforatum^ whose yellow flowers on being 
crushed yield a red juice (5/. JohrCs hlood)^ useful in haemorrhages and 
wounds^ &c. 5 but I shall refrain from taunting the physicians of the 
present day with this absurdity, although traces of it are to be met with 
in the most modem treatises on Materia Medica. 

I shall only allude to what is scarcely less foolish, to wit, the 
attempts, even of those of our own times, to guess the powers of 
medicines from their stnell and faste. 

Thcy pretended, by dint of tasting and smelling at drugs, to find 
out what cfFect they would bave on the human body 5 and for this they 
invcnted some general therapeutical expressions. 

AH plants that had a bitter taste should and must (so they decreed) 
have one and the same action, solely because they tasted bitter. 

But what a variety even of oitter tastes there are ! Does this 
variety not indicate a corresponding variety of action ? 

But how does the bitter taste obtain the honour awarded to it by 
the Materia Medica and practical physicians, that it is a proof ofthe so- 
called stomachic and ionie powers of drugs ^ and an evidence of their similar 
and identical action^ so that, according to this arbitrary axiom, ali the 
amara possess no other medicinal action but this alone ? 

Although some of them have besides the peculiar power of prò- 
ducing nausea, disgust, pain in the stomach and eructations in healthy 
individuals, and consequently of curing, homoeopathically, an affection 
of a similar nature ; yet each of them possesses peculiar medicinal 
powers quite difFerent trom these, which have hitherto been unnoticed, 
but which are often more important than those ascribed to them, and 
whcreby thcy difFer extremely from each other. Hence, to prescribe 
bitter-tasted things without any distinction, the one in place of 
the other, as if they ali acted in the same manner j or thoughtlessly 
to mix them together in one prescription, and under the name of 
bitters {extracta amara) to administer them, as if they were in- 
dubitably identical medicines, having only the power of strengthen- 
ing and improving the stomach, betrays the most wretched, rudest, 
routinism ! 

And if, as this dictatorial maxim of the authorities in materia 
medica and therapeutics would have us believe, the bitterness alone 
is sufficient to prove that everything that tastes bitter (amara/) is 
absolutely and solely strengthening, and improves the digestion, then 
must colocynthj squills^ boletus laricis^ the thick-barked, much-abused 
angustura^ eupatorium^ saponaria^ myrica gale^ lupina^ lactufa virosa^ 


prussic acid, and ufas^pmsan^ ali be equally endtled, as bitters^ to rank 
among the tonic, stomachic medicines. 

From this any one may easiljr see how irrational and arbitrary the 
maxìms of the ordìnary materia medica are, how near they are to down- 
rìght falsehoods ! And to make falsehoods the basis of our system of 
treating the sick — what a crime ! 

Cinchona baik was found to bave a bitter and astrìngent taste, 
This was quite enough for them in order to judge of its inward powers. 
But now ali bitter and astrìngent tasting substances and barks must 
possess the some medicinal powers as cinchona bark. Thus was the 
action of medicines on the human frame determined, in the materia 
medica, in the most unthinking and hasty manner from their taste 
alone ! And yet it must and ever will be fiilse^ that willow bark, or a 
mixture of aloes and gall-nuts, bave the sante medicinal properties as 
cinchona bark. How many such china factititt^ which were to 
answer ali the purposes of the true cinchona bark, bave been publidy 
recommended, manufàctured and sold by celebrated physicians, and 
administered with the greatest confidence to their patients by other 
physicians ! 

Thus, the life and health of human beings were made dependent on 
the opinion of a few blockheads, and whatever entered their precious 
brains went to swell the materia medica. 

In the same manner a number of inconceivably dissimilar smells 
were jumbled together in one category, and ali christened aromatics^ in 
order that under this name a similar medicinal action might convtniently 
be attrìbuted to them. They were, without the slightest hesitation 
or consideratión, one and ali pronounced to be exalters of the forces 
(excitants), strengtheners of the nerves^ deobstruents, &c. 

Thus the most imperfect, the most deceptive of ali the senses of 
civilized man, that of smell^ which admits of the expression by words 
of so few perceptions of sensible difFerences — this should suffice to 
determine the dynamic properties of a medicine in the human organism ; 
whilst ali our senses together, employed with the utmost care, in the 
examination of a medicinal substance with regard to its external proper^ 
tiesj do not give us any, not even the slightest ìnformation respecting 
this most important of ali secrets, the internai, spiritual power 
possessed by naturai substances to alter the health of human beings ; 
in other words, respecting their true medicinal and healing power, 
which is so extremely difFerent in every active substance from that of 
every other, and which can only be revealed when it is taken inter- 
nally, and acts directly upon the vital functions of the organism ! 

Must mayflower, mint, angelica, arnica, sassafras, serpentaria, 
sandal, coriander, camomile, lovage, rosemary, necessarily bave the 
same medicinal action, because, forsooth, the nose of the respectable 
teachers of materia medica is pleased to discover that they ali bave an 
aromatic smeli ? 

Can a materia medica composed of such a jumble of dissimilar 
medicines, ali highly important from the very variety of their action, 

• Precisely the most powerfnl medicines, belladonna, digitalis, tartar emetic, 
anenic, &c., .have little or no smeli. 


show aught else than intemperate presumption, and dishonest, ìgnorant, 
self-complacency ? 

No handicraft, be it evcr so mean, has bcen guilty of such wanton 
fictions with respect to the uses and powers of its materials and tools. 
The agent to be employed was, at ali events, always tried upon 
smaller parts of the object it was intended to work upon, in order to 
ascertain what alterations it was capable of efFecting on it before it was 
employed on a large scale in the precious work, where an error might 
be productive of serious injury. The calicò bleacher tried the effects 
of chlorine, which is so destructive to vegetable matters, in the first 
instance on a small portion of cloth, and thereby avoided exposing ali 
hÌ8 stock of goods to danger. The shoemaker had previously convinced 
himself of the properties of the hempen thread, that it was stronger in 
the fibre, that, when exposed to damp, it filled the holes in the leather 
by its expansion more completely, and resisted putrefaction more 
powerfully than flax, before he preferred it to the latter for stitching ali 
nis shoes j and that, after ali, was but cobbler's work ! 

But in the arrogant medicine of the common stamp, the medicines 
-—the tools of the healing art — are employed without the least hesitation 
in the most important work which one man can perform for bis brother 
man-*a work whereon life and death, nay, sometimes the weal or woe 
of whole families and their descendants depends, namely, the treatment 
of disease ; and the acquaintance with these remedies bcing derived 
solely from their deceptive outward appearance, and from the pre- 
conceived notions and desultory classifications of teachers of materia 
medica, there is the greatest danger of deception, of error, and of folse- 
hood. But even then,as if to conceal the efFect of each individuai one, 
several remedies are given mixed together in one prescription, with no 
anxiety as to the inevitable result ! 

So much for the unfounded allegations respecting the general 
therapeutic virtues of the several medicines in the materia medica, 
which are ali elevated to dogmas, on a foundation of blind guesswork, 
preconceived ideas, extraordinary notions and presumptuous fiction. 
So much for this second impure source of the materia medica, as it is 
called, hitherto in use ! 

Chemistry^ also, has taken upon itself to disclose a source at which the 
general therapeutic properties of drugs are to be ascertained. But we 
shall soon see the impurity of this tnird source of the ordinary materia 

Attempts were made a century ago by Geoffroy, but stili more 
frequent bave such attempts been since medicine became an art, to 
discover, by means of chemistry, the properties of remedies which 
could not be ascertained in any other way. 

I shall say nothing about tJie merely theoretical fisillacies of Baume, 
Stbffens and Burdach, whereby the medicina! properties of medi- 
cines were arbitrarily declared to reside in their gaseous and certain 
other chemical constituents alone, and at the same time it was assumed 
in an equally arbitrary manner, on mere conjecturey that these hypothe- 
tical elementary constituents possessed certain medicina! powers, so 


The water or oil distilled from the plant, or the resin obtained 
from it, is certainly not its active principle; this only resided^ invisible 
to the eye, in those parts now extracted from it — the resin, the oil, the 
distilled water, and is in ttself perfectly imperceptible to our senses. 
Its eiFects are manifested to our senses only when this distilled water, 
this oil, this resin, or, stili better, the plant itself, is taken by the living 
individuai, and when they act dynamically on the susceptible spiritual- 
animai organism in a spiritual manner. 

Moreover, what medicinal action do the other parts which che- 
mistry extracts from plants indicate, the vegetable fibrine, the earths, 
the salts, the gums, the albumen, &c., which, with few exceptions, are 
found almost uniformly in ali plants, even those most opposite in their 
medicinal eiFects ? Will the small quantity of oxalate of lime which 
chemistry extracts from rhubarb-root account for this medicine pro- 
ducing in healthy individuai such a morbidly altered sleep, and such a 
curious heat of the body without thirst, and for its curing similar 
morbid states ? 

What information can ali these parts, though analysed ever so 
carefullv by chemistry, give us, relative to the power of each individuai 
plant virtually to alter the health of the living human organism in the 
most peculiar and various manners ? 

The chemist Gr£N, who knew nothing about medicine, in his 
Pharmacology, which is full of the most reckless assertions, thus holds 
forth to physicians : '' The knowUdge of the principles contained in 
medicines, which chemistry gives us, can alone determine the efficacy 
of remedies." 

KnowUdge indeed ! And what knowUdge does chemistry give us 
with respect to the inanimate, speechless, component parts of medi- 
cines ? Answer : It merely teaches their chemical signification \ it 
teaches us that they act so and so with chemical reagents, and hence 
are called gum, resin, albumen, mucus, earths and salts of one kind or 
another ; matters of vastly little importance to the physician. These 
appellations teli us nothing of the changes in the health of the living 
man which may be eiFected by the plant or minerai, each diiFering from 
the other in its peculiar invisible, internai, essential nature ; and yet, 
forsooth, the whole beali ng art depends on this ahne ! The manifesta- 
tions of the active spirit of each individuai remediai agent during its medi- 
cinal employment on human beings can alone inform the physician of 
the sphere of action of the medicine as regards its curative power. 
The name of each of its chemical constltuents, which in most plants 
are almost identical, teaches him nothing on this point. 

That calomel, for example, consists of from six to eight parts of 
mercury, unitcd by sublimation with one of muriatic acid — that when 
rubbed up with lime-water it becomes black, chemistry can teach us ; 
but that this preparation can cause in the human being the well-known 
salivation with its peculiar odour; of this chemistry, as chemistry, 
knows nothing ; this no chemistry can teach us. This dynamic rela- 
tion of calomel to the human organism can only be learned from 
experience, derived from its medicinal employment, and from its 
internai administration, when it acts dynamically and specifically on 

i6 exaMiNation of the sources of 

svstems of neither Tournefort, nor Haller, nor Linn^us, nor 
JussiEU, can teli him this ; pure, careful, comparative trials and experi- 
ments on the difFerent animals themselves can alone give him the 
requisite information. 

Each scìence can decide on such matters only as are wtthin its own 

What does chemistry fìnd in the native magnet and the artificia 
magnetic rod ì In the former it discovers nothing but a rich iron ore, 
intimately combined with silica and a small quantity of manganese ; in 
the latter, nothing but pure iron. No chemical reagent can discover, 
by the most minute chemical analysis, the slightest trace of the mighty 
magnetic power in either the one or the other. 

But another science, naturai philosophy, shows in its experiments 
the presence of this wonderful power in the native magnet and magne- 
tized Steel, as also its physical relation to the external world, its power 
of attracting iron (nickel, cobalt), the direction of one end of the 
magnetic needle towards the north, its deviation from the north pole in 
dimcrent decenniums and in difFerent regions of the globe, at one time 
towards the west, at another towards the east, and the variety in its dip 
in different degrees of latitude. 

The science of naturai philosophy then is capable of telling some- 
thing more respecting the magnet, and of discovering more of its 
powers, than chemistry can, namely, its magnetic power in a naturai 
philosophical point of view. 

But the knowledge of what is worth knowing about the magnet is 
not exhausted by chemistry and naturai philosophy ; neither of these 
two sciences can detect anything in it beyond what belongs to their 
own province. Neither the range of the chemical nor that of the 
physical sciences can inform us what mighty, what peculiar, what 
characteristic efFects the magnetic power is capable of producing on the 
health of the human body when brought into contact with it, and what 
curative powers peculiar to itself it possesses in diseases in which it is 
suitable ; of this chemistry and naturai philosophy are equally ignorant \ 
this subject they must both abandon to the experiments and observa- 
tions of the physìcian. 

Now, as no science can pretend to that which can only be 
explained by another science without rendering itself ridiculous, I 
hope that medicai men will gradually have the sense to see that the 
proper province of chemistry is merely to separate the chemical consti- 
tuents of substances from each other, and to combine them together 
again {thus affording technical aid to pharmacy) ; I hope that they will 
commence to see that medicines do not exist for chemistry as medi- 
cines (/./. agents capable of dynamically altering the health of an 
individuai)^ but merely in so far as they are chemical substances (/. e. 
in so far as their component parts are to be regarded in a chemical 
light) ; that chemistry consequently can only give chemical informa- 
tion with respect to medicinal substances, but cannot teli what spiritual, 
dynamical changes they are capable of eiFecting in the health of the 
human being, nor what medicinal and curative powers each particular 
drug possesses and is capable of exercising in the living organism. 


Finally, from the /òurth impure source flowed the clini cai and special 
therapeutic indications for employment [ab usu in morbis) into the 
ordinar/ materia medica. 

This, the most common of ali the sources of the materia medica 
whence a knowledge of the curative powers of medicines was sought to 
he obtained, is what is termed the practice of physic, namely, the 
employment of medicines in actual diseases^ whereby it was imagined that 
information would be obtained with respect to the diseases in which 
the difFerent medicines were useful. 

This source has been resorted to from the very beginning of the 
medicai art, but has from time to time been relinquished in order to 
try and hit upon some more profitable mine for the knowledge 
required ; but it was always had recourse to again, as it appeared the 
most naturai method of learning the powers of medicines, and their 
exact uses. 

Let US grant, for a moment, that this were the true way to dis- 
cover their curative virtues ; one would, at least, have expected that 
these experiments at the sick-bed would have been made with single, 
simple drugs only ; because, by mixing several together, it would 
never be known to which among them the result was to be ascribed. 
But in the records of medicine we meet with few or no cases in which 
this so naturai idea was ever carried into execution, viz. to give only 
one medicine at once in a disease in order to be certain whether it 
could produce a perfect cure in that disease. 

It accordingly happened that, in almost every instance, a mixture of 
medicines was employed in diseases ; and thus it was not and could 
never be ascertained for certain^ when the treatment was successful, to 
which ingredient of the mixture the favourable result was due; in a 
word, nothing at ali was learned from this method. If, on the 
contrary, the medicinal mixture proved of no avail, or, as usually 
happened, did harm, just as little could it be learned from this result 
to which of ali the medicines the bad issue was attributable. 

I know not whether it was an afFectation of learning which induced 
physicians always to administer medicines mixed together in prescrip- 
tions as they are called, or whether it was their anxiety which made 
them fancy that a single remedy was too powerless and was not 
sufficient to cure the disease. Be this as it may, the folly of prescribing 
several remedies together has prevailed from the remotest antiquity ; 
and immediately after Hippocrates* time diseases were treated with a 
mixture of medicines instead of with one single medicine. Among the 
many writings falsely attributed to Hippocrates, of which the greater 
part were written under his name, shortly after his death, principally by 
his two sons. Drago and Thessalus, as also by their sons, Hippo- 
crates the third and fourth, and among those works fabricated by the 
Alexandrians Artemidorus Capiton and his kinsman Dioscorides, 
in the name of Hippocrates, there is not one practical treatise in 
which the prescriptions for diseases do not consist of several medicines, 
just as in the prescriptions of their immediate followers, those of more 
modem times, and those of the physicians of the present day. 

yoL. II. a 


6 ut that from the employment of mixed prescriptions it cannot be 
at ali ascertained what each individuai remedy is capable of efFecting in 
diseases, consequently, that no materia medica can be founded thereon, 
was first commenced to be perceivcd by physicians of later times; 
whereupon several zealously set about prescribing in a simple manner in 
order to ascertain experimentally in what diseases this or that medicine 
was efficacious. They also published cures which were said to have 
been efFected by a single simple remedy. 

But how was the execution of this apparently rational idea carried 
cut ? We shall see. 

In order to do so I shall just run over what is to be found on this 
subiect in the three volumes of Hufeland^s Journal for 1813, 18 14, 
and 1815^ and shall show that the power of curing such and such 
diseases has merely been attributed to single drugs, without their having 
been employed simply and alone.* Consequently^ this is a new piece 
of fallacy in the place of the old one with its acknowledged composite 

That ulceration of the lungs has been cured by phellandrtum 
aquaticum is pretended to be shown in the history of a case [Hufeland^s 
journal^ August, 1813), whereby it appears (p. no) that tussiiago^ 
senega^ and Iceland moss were used at the same time. With what right 
can the advocate for this mode of treatment (which was so complex) 
exclaim, in conclusion : — " I am convinced that the man owes the 
recovery of bis health to this remedy alone ?" 

Such was the sort of convictions that were produced by the impure 
source of ascribing virtues to simple medicinal substances in the 
materia medica ! 

In like manner (iW<^., February, 1813), a case of inveterate syphilis, 

* It is true one single Individuai in ali these three volumes, Ebers, instituted 
experiments with one single remedy only, in various diseases (Hufeland^s Jtaimaly 
Se|>tember and Octobcr, 1 8 1 3) — with arsenic alone. But what sort of experiments ? 
Such as could throw no light on the curative powers of this substance. In the first 
place, the cases of intermittent fever in which he employed arsenic were not minutely 
described, and then the dose was such that it must bave done much more harm than 
good. However, bis candid acknowledgment of the harm it did is infinitely more 
praiseworthy than the many alle^ed cases of cure recorded by others, in which 
arsenic in the largest doses is smd to have done nothing but good, and never tbe 
least harm. Ebers affirms that the doses he administered were so small, that, in 
most cases, they did not amount to one grain. To one patient he only gave ^ths oì 
a grain within the twenty-four hours (p. 55), and ber life was put in danger, wnereby 
it may be perceived that even this minute dose is capable of producing the most 
fearRil efFccts. /i/«t^///)?-observing physicians have long known this ; but Ebers, led 
astray by the materia medica, fancied that |ths of a grain in twent^-.four hours was a 
very small dose of arsenic. Pure experience tells us that it is a monstrous^ a most 
unjustifiable dose in diseases! When was it ever shown that arsenic should be 
employed in doses of a grain, or even of a tenth of a grain, in diseases ? Manv 
experiments with small and stili smaller doses (more and more diluted solutions) 
have shown that one drop which contains the decillionth of a grain of arsenic in solu- 
tion, isy in many cases, much tao strong a dose, even when arsenic is exactly suited for 
the case of disease. Had he known this he would not have been astoni<ihc'd that bis 
|ths of a grain put bis patient *s life in perii. Thus, from these trials, which are 
otberwise c\idcntly ver)' noncst, nothing can bc leamt, not even %\hat arsenic cannot 
cure ; for the enormous doses effectually prevented any good effect from taking 


which wouid not yield to various mercuria! preparations (it was, in fact, 
a mercurìal disease !), was cured in four weeks by ammonta^ along with 
which nothing, actually nothing, was employed — except camphor and 
opium ! — Is that nothing ? 

An epilepsy [ibid,, 18 13, March) was cured in fourteen months by 
vaUrian alone, nothing else being used at the same time — but oleum 
tartari per deliquium^ tinctura colocynthidis^ and baths of acorus calamuSj 
minty and other aromatic substances (pp. 52, 53). /; that nothing? 

In another case of epilepsy {ibid,^ p. 57) Valeria n alone effected a 
cure, but there were employed, besides, an ounce and a half of pome- 
granate leaves, Is that nothing? 

Madmss with nymphomania is said to bave been cured by drinking 
cold water alone {ibìd,^ 1814, January). But infusi on of valerian and 
tinctura china Whyttii (p. 12) were very prudently adminìstered along 
with it in order that the action of the cold water should be so com- 
pletely masked as to be unrecognisable; and the same happened in the 
case of another patient, who used these powerful adjuvants only lest 
frequently (p. 16). 

Tymon {ibid^y 18 14, August, p. 38) professes to bave found bleeding 
to syncope z specific in hydrophobia, But, see ! he gave at the same 
time 300 drops of laudanum^ in clysters, every two hourSy and rubbed in a 
drachm of mcrcurial ointment every ihree hours. Does this prove vene- 
section to bs the only true remedy for hydrophobia ? 

In like manner {ibid,^ 1814, Aprilj a venesection, foUowed by an 
hour of syncope, is said to bave cured, solely and specifically, a case of 
hydrophobia; at the same time (p. 102), however, there were only 
administered strong doses of opium, yames's powder^ and calomel till 
saliva tion was produced, Is that nothing ? 

If the case {ibid,^ 1815, July, pp. 8 — 16) is to be a proof of the 
efficacy of bleeding to syncope in already developed hydrophobia, as the 
author would bave it, cantharides should not bave been applied, and 
stili less should mercuria l ointment have been rubbed in every two hours^ 
and large doses of calomel and opium given until violent salivation super- 
vened. It is ludicrous when the author adds (p. 20) that ^^ the calomel 
was scarcely necessary.*' 

This art of surreptitiously obtaining for a favourite remedy the 
merit of a cure, when the other equally powerful drugs employed 
might at ali events claim a share, is an established custom with ordi- 
nary physicians, it being particularly requested that the courteous 
reader will shut bis eyes and allow the author to designate ali the 
secondary means employed inactive. 

A case of tetanus is reported {ibid,^ '814, September, p. 119) to 
have been cured by cold water affusion alone, It is true opium was at the 
same time employed ; " as^ however^ the patient himself attributed the 
amendnunt to the affusion alone ^ to the affusion should the cure be ascribed^ 
TTiis is what I cali a pure source at which to learn the virtues of 

In a similar manner {ìbid.^ 18 15, September, p. 128) the he^ling 
power of potash in croup is established ;* but along with it were used 

* One case, in which potanti is said to have been efficacious when administered 


other very powerful substances ; for example, at the commencement of 
the (supposed ?) disease two children were rclieved by salt of tartar in 
an infusion of senega root, Is what properly pertains to two substances 
te be ascribed to the action of but one, the potash ? According to 
what hitherto unheard-of system of logie ? 

In lite manner graphites [ibid,^ 1815, November, p. 40) is said to 
bave cured a large number of old fistuhus ulcers^ and yet corrosive 
sublimate was in the mi x tur e ! The explanation in the note, that 
sublimate had already been trìed in vain, is of no avail bere : // was not 
given alone, but in combination with opium, a quantity of decoctions of 
various woods^ and the favourite china factitia ; ìt was consequently 
greatly or completely destroyed by the astringent parts of these acces- 
8ory medicines, just as other metallic salts are thereby destroyed and 
decomposed, and consequently it could not demonstrate its curative 
powers in such a mixture. Stili less can the apology, in the same 
note, for the addition of the mercuria! to the graphites be received, 
" that the sublimate was merely to serve as an adjuvant bere." Were 
this the fact, then must medicines act agreeably to the commands of 
the presciibing physician, not according to their naturai powers ; no ! 
they must do exactly neither more nor less than what the physician 
commanded and permitted them to do. Can arrogance and presump- 
tion be carried farther than this ? What man of sound intellect can 
attrìbute such slavish obedience to medicina! substances, which act 
according to eternai laws? Did the author wish to see whether 
graphites could prove efficacious by itself, and to convince bis readers 
of this, he ought to bave glven it alone : but if he add to the graphites 
corrosive sublimate this must perform what corrosive sublimate can and 
from its very nature must^ not what the prescribing physician pleases 
that it shall or shall not do. Here again we bave a case from which 
nothing can be learnt. Graphites is represented as having alone 
proved serviceable, and yet that tremendously powerful medicina! 
substance, corrosive sublimate, was used along with it. 

TTie cure of a case of fiori d pulmonary consumption by means of charcoal 
powder is, if possible, stili more unfounded. Here the limewood char- 
coal was never employed alone^ but always in conjunction with foxglove. 
So then the foxglove in the mixture has no action ? None at al! ? and 
yet a medicine of such mighty power! Do the authors of such 
ol>servations deceive themselves, or do they mean to malcc game of us ? 

Angelica root is said {ibid,^ 1815, Aprii, p. 19) to bave cured a 
dropsy^ properly spealcing an unlcnown case of disease with swelling 
(The quid'pro- quo'gìvìng pathology collects together al! diseases having 
the most distant resemblance in this respect under the name of 
^^dropsy/*). But, no ! tincture of opium^ ather^ and, finally, calamus^ 
were used in addition to the tincture of angelica. Can any rational 
man lay to the account of the angelica alone the issue of this case ? 

No one wil! deny that the minerai water of Driburg has great 
medicina! powers, but when the cures related in Hufcland*s Journal^ 
1815, Aprii, pp. 75, 80, 82, are ascribed to it alone, we must dcclare 

alone was that of a child in the country ,av^/M the author Md not see, and which, from 
the descrìption alone, he sujpected to be this disease. 


these state ments to be false, as so many other strong medicine s were used 
along tvlth It ; nor can the pretended cure of a case of spasms in the 
stomach with frequent vomiting by this water (pp. 85 to 93), nor that 
of hypochondriasis and hysteria (pp. 94 to 97), prove anything in 
favour of the curative virtue of Driburg water, partly on account of the 
ambiguity and vagueness of these two names of diseases, but princi- 
pally on account of the Constant employment of other medicines at the 
same time. Were we to receive these cases as proofs of the efficacy of 
the minerai water, we might, with equal justice, give to a single man 
the credit of having alone lifted a large rock, without reckoning bis 
manv active co-operators and the helpful machines employed. Il 
wouid be ridiculous to ascribe to one only that which was done by ali 
in conjunction. 

These are a few samples from among the multitude I might adduce 
from the writings of the more modem physicians, samples of nomi- 
nally simple treatment of diseases, each of which was said to bave been 
cured with one single remedy — in order to obtain at last a knowledge 
of its true powers, — but along with which there was always employed 
some medicine or other often more powerful than itself j and although 
the physician should protest ever so vehemently that " that one medi- 
cine " to which he would fain attach ali the glory of the cure, " alone 
did Itj hejirmly helìeves^^ " the patient himself ascribed the good efFects 
to this remedy alone," " to it alone he entrusted the curey* " he only 
employed the second medicine as an adjuvant," or, " it had once before 
been employed without effect ;'^ yet ali these shufflings will not avail 
to persuade a rational man that the cure was owing to that medicine 
alone to which the partiality of the physician would award the.honour 
of the cure, if other remedies, or even one single other remedy, bave 
been used in the treatment. It must ever remain untrue that the cure 
is due to this remedy alone; and the materia medica which shall 
ascribe such a curative power to this remedy, on the authority of such 
an impure observer as this, propagates sheer falsehoods which must 
inevitably be fraught with the most unhappy consequences to 

I will not deny that the cures of which I bave just adduced 
examples did approach towards simplicity. They certainly came nearer^ 
much nearer to the treatment of a disease with one single remedy 
(without which mode of proceeding we can never be sure that the 
medicine was the real instrument in efFecting the cure), than those of 
ordinary routine practitioners, who make it a glory to administer to 
their patients several complex pre seri ptions, one after the other, or even 
to prescribe daily one or two fresh mixtures. 

But to bave approached merely nearer to the administration of single 
remedies implies that the true mark has been actually and completely 
tnissed, Were it not so, then might we congratulate a person on bis 
good fortune whose^number in the lottery differed by a single cipher 
from that which won the highest prize ; or a sportsman whose shot 
has gone within a hair's breadth of bis game j or a shipwrecked 
mariner who would bave escaped shipwreck had he been a single 
fingerla breadth farther from the fatai rock. 


What credence do the assertions in the ordinary materia medica 
with respect to the virtues of drugs ab usu in morbis deserve ? What 
shall we say to its recommendation of drugs in thisor that disease when 
we know that the materia medica has obtained its information there- 
upon from such observations ; sometìmes indeed merely from the titles 
of the recorded observations of physicians who scarcely ever treated with 
one single remedy, but generally with a mixture of drugs, whereby as 
much uncertainty existea as to which among them the result was to be 
ascribed to, as if, like the routine practitioner, they had prescribed a 
great hotch-potch of medicines ? What shall we say to the curative 
powers ascribed with so much coniìdence by the materia medica to 
simple medicina! substances, seeing that these were almost never 
employed singly ? We can sav naught but this : among a thousand 
such allegations and commendations scarcely one deserves credence, 
whether they refer to general therapeutical or to clinical or special 
therapeutical matters. Hence it is undeniable that to ascribe any 
powers to a medicinal substance which was never tesied purely^ that isy 
unless along with others^ consequently was as good as never tested at all^ is 
to be guilty of deception and falsehood, 


" What if ali physicians were to agree from this time henceforth to 
turn over a new leaf, and to prescribe in every disease only one single 
simple medicine ? Would we not, by this means, ascertain what each 
medicine is capable of curing ?" 

This will never happen as long as a Hufeland lives, who con- 

siders the statements of the ordinary materia medica, though derived 

from the impurest sources, to be truths, and seriously defends the 

cmployment of a mixture of many medicines in diseases, imagining 

that ^^ one medicine cannot suffice for ali the indications in a disease ; 

severa! must be given at once in order to meet the several indications." 

This statement, as pernicious as it is well meant, rests upon two 

perfectly erroneous premisses, the first ^ whereby it is taken for granted 

** that the baseless declarations with respect to the virtues of simple 

drugs in practical works, and in the materia medica compiled from 

them, were well founded ; and consequently, that they were really 

capable of meeting the indications presented by the case in which they . 

were prescribed ** (which, as we bave shown, and shall again show, is 

false) ; the seconda '' that several medicines should be prescribed at once 

in order to satisfy the several indications in a disease, for this reason, 

because a single medicine can do little more than respond to a single 

indication, but not to several or many." 

But what docs the ordinary materia medica know about the vast 
sphere of action of a simple medicinal substance, that materia medica 
which, from impure observations of the result of the employment of 
several medicines in one disease, attributes to a drug whatever powers it 
has pleased the physician arbitrarily to ascribe to a single ingredient ot 
the mixture ; which never subjected the powers of a simple medicinal 
substance to a pure trial, that is, on a healthy individuai not affected 
with any sy mptoms of disease ? Does that mixture of falsehoods and half 
truths which the materia medica has scraped together from prescribers 


of compound tnedicines, in diseases of which merely the pathological 
name but no accurate description is given, — does this comprise the 
whole extent of the sphere of action which the Almighty has bestowed 
on His instruments of cure ? No ! He has implanted in His healing 
instrutnents undiscovered (but certainly discoverable) tniracles of His 
wisdom and goodness, in order that they may prove beneficiai and 
helpful to His beloved children of mankind, in a far greater measure 
than was ever dreamt of by the short-sighted materia medica of the old 

But though it is certain that a single medicine at once is always 
sufficient for the rational and appropriate treatment of a disease^ I am 
fàt from advising the medicai world, on that account^ to prescribe 
simply, that is, a single medicine in each disease, in order to ascertain 
what medicine is useful in thisy what in that^ disease^ so that thereupon a 
materia medica, or treatise on the virtues of drugs ab usu in morbisy 
shouid be formed. 

Far be it from me to advise anything of the kind, notwithstanding 
that this idea might seem, and has seemed, to ordinary physicians to 
promise the best results. 

No ! not the slightest useful addition can be either now or ever 
made to our knowledge of the powers of drugs, with regard to their 
usus in morbis^ from observations on cases of disease even with single 

This were just as foul a source as ali the others above mentìoned 
hitherto employed. No useful truth, with respect to the curative 
powers of each individuai medicine, could flow from it. 

I shall explain myself. 

Such a mode of testing medicines in diseases were only possible in 
two ways. Either a single drug must be tried in ali diseases in order 
to ascertain in which of them it is efficacious, or ali drugs must be tried 
in a particular disease in order to ascertain which remedy can cure it 
most certainly and most perfectly. 

And, first, with regard to the latter of these ways ; and from it 
may be inferred what reliance can be placed on the former. 

By an infinite number of trials of ali imaginable simple substances 
used in domestic practice, in a well-defined disease which shall constantly 
present the same characters^ a true, certainly efficacious, speci fic remedy 
for the greater number of individuals and their friends suftering from the 
same disease might certainly be discovered, though only casu fortuito, 

But who knows how many centuries the inhabitants of dfeep valleys 
were forced to suflfer from their goitres before accident, after thousands 
of drugs and domestic nostrums had been tried in vain, put it into the 
head of an individuai, that roasted sponge was the best thing for it ; at 
ali evcnts it was not until the thirteenth century that Arnault of 
Villeneuve noticed its power of curing goìtre, 

It is well known that for many years after its first invasion the 
venereal disease was treated in the most unsuccessful manner by the 
physicians of the schools, by starvation, by purgatives, and other useless 


remedies which had been employed to combat the Arabìan leprosy, 
until at last, after many attempts and repeated trìais of an innumerable 
multitude of things by empirica! physicians on many thousands of 
patients who sought their aid, mercury was hit upon, and proved itself 
speci fìc in this dreadful scourge, in spite of ali the violent theoretical 
opposition of the pedantic physicians of the Arabian school. 

The intermittent fever endemie in the marshy regions of South 
America, which has a great resemblance to our own marsh ague^ had 
long been treated by the Peruvians, probably after innumerable trials of 
other drugSj with cinchona bark^ which they found to be the most 
efficacious remedy, and which was first made Icnown by them as a 
febrifuge to Europeans in the year 1638. 

The bad consequences resulting from blows, fells, bruises and 
strains were long endured ere chance revealed to the labouring classes, 
who principally sufFered from such accidents, the specifìc virtues of 
amica in such cases ; at least Franz Jo£L was the first who, in the 
sixteenth century, makes mention of its virtues, and, in the eighteenth 
century, they were more particularly described by J. M. Fehr and 
J. D. GoHL after they had become generally recognised. 

Thus, after thousands upon thousands of blind trials with innu- 
merable substances upon, perhaps, millions of individuai, the suitable, 
the specifìc remedy is at last discovered by accident. In order to 
discover the remedies for the few maladies mentioned above there was 
no necessity for the employment on the part of indolent man of that 
reason and mature knowledge which the Almighty has given to him in 
order to enable him to free himself from those inevitable naturai and 
other evils involving his health — the vast multitude of diseases ; — in 
fact, no true medicai knowledge at ali was required. Mere experi- 
nunting with ali imaginable substances which might come into the head 
or hands was undoubtedly sufficient (to be su re after the lapse of 
perhaps hundreds of years) to enable him to discover, by accident, a 
suitable remedy, which ne ver afterwards belied its specifìc power. 

Thesefew specificsfor these few diseases consti tu te ali the truth which 
is contained in the vofuminous materia medica in common use ; and these 
are, for the most part, I may say, almost entirely, derived from domestic 

" But if specifìc remedies, which were always serviceable in the 
above diseases, were discovered in this way, why could not some 
remedies against ali the remaining innumerable diseases be discovered 
by similar experiments ?" 

Because ali other diseases onlv present themselves as individuai 
cases of disease difFering from each other, or as epidemics which bave 
never been scen before, and will never be seen again in exactly the 
same form. The Constant specifìc remedies in those kvr diseases we 
have mentioned were capablc of being discovered by means of trying 
every imaginable medicina! substance, only because the thing to be 
cured, the disease^ was of a Constant character ; — they are diseases which 
always remain the same j some are produced by a miasm which continues 
the same through ali generations, such as the venerea! chancre disease ; 
others have the same exciting causeSy as the ague from marshy exhala- 


tions, the gol tre of the inhabitants of deep valleys and their outlets, 
and the bruises caused by falls and blows. 

Had it been possible, by blind triais of ali ìmaginable substances, to 
discover accidentally the suitable (specìfic) remedy for each of the 
innumerable other diseases, then must they ali bave been as Constant in 
their nature, bave appeared always in the same manner and in the 
same form, bave presented themselves always as maladies of unvarying 
character, like those few diseases we bave mentioned. 

Only far a want of a Constant character can we suppose a supply of a 
Constant character, 

That it was requisite, in order to find out empirically the proper 
remedy, that ali diseases for which the specific was sought shouid be 
identical and preserve an invariable fìxed character, appears not only to 
bave been surmised, but to bave been deeply felt by the medicai 
community of ali practical schools. They imagined that they must 
represent to themselves the various diseases of humanity in certain 
fixed forms before they could hope to discover for each a suitable, 
trustworthy remedy, and this (as they knew no other better — scientific 
— way of finding the fitting medicine in diseases) by means of experi- 
menting on them with ali known drugs, — a method which had 
succeeded so well in the few fìxed diseases above alluded to. 

This undertaking, to arrange ali other diseases in a certain fìxed 
classi fìcation, appeared to them at first certainly very plausible and 

In order to set about it, they conceived the idea of consideri ng ali 
those from among the vast array of diseases, which bore any resemblance 
to each other, as one and the same disease \ and having provided them 
with a name, and given them a place in their nosological works, they 
were not deterred by the constantly occurring diflerences in their 
appearance from declaring them to be definite forms of disease, which 
they must always bave before them, in order thereby to be able to 
discover, as they flattered themselves, a particular remedy for each 

Thus they collected the innumerable cases of disease into a few 
arbitrarily formed classes of diseases, without reflecting that nature is 
immutable, whatever false notions men may form of ber. In like 
manner, the polyhedrical kaleidoscope held before the eye arranges in 
one illusory picture a number of external very difFerent objects, but if 
we look behind it into nature we discover a great variety of dissimilar 

It is no excuse to say that this arbitrary and unnatural amalgama- 
tion of diseases of nominally Constant character was framed with the 
good intention of thus disco vering for each separately a sure remedy, 
by means of trying on them the large number of known drugs, or by 
accident. As was to have been expected^ there were found in this way 
no sure remediai agents for these artifìcially classifìed diseases ; for we 
cannot imagine any rea! weapons to combat fìgments and phantoms of 
the imagination 1 

Ali the uses and virtueSy therefore^ which the materia medica ascribes 


to dìfferent medicines^ in these surreptitious and fictitious kinds ofdiseases^ 
cannot moke the slightest pretence to certainty, 

What advantaee has been gained in so many centuries, with ali the 
host of new and old medicines, over the artifìcial nosological classes of 
diseases, and names of diseases ? What remedies have been found chat 
can be relied on ? Is it not now as it was long ago, — 2300 years ago, 
— that by the employment of ali the various drugs in the innumerable 
cases of disease which occur in nature, some are, it is true, much 
altered, generali/, however, for the worse, and but few are cured by 
them ? And was it possible, even in this enormous space of time^ 
that it could be otherwise^ that it could be improved, as long as the 
old system remai ned as it was, with its imaginary thing to be cured^ and 
imaEtnary vtrtues ofthe Instruments for effecting the cure^ and its ignorance 
of their true^ pure action ? How could really useful truths spring from 
the employment of the latter aeainst the former ? 

Let it not be alleged, ^^that not unfrequently many a severe 
disease — which some called by one, others by a diflerent pathological 
name — was cured as if by a miracle, by a simple domestic remedy, or by 
some medicine or prescription which accidentally fell into the hands of 
the physician." 

No doubt this sometimes happened ; no well-informed man would 
deny it. But from this we can ìearn nothing but what we ali know 
already, ^^ that medicines can cure diseases i" but from these casus 
fortuiti nothing is to be learnt \ as yet they occupy an isolated position 
in history, altogether useless for practice. 

Our congratulations must only be bestowed on the sufFerer who 
reaped advantage from this rare godsend, and was cured quiclcly (and 
lastingly ?) by this accidental remedy. But from this wonderful cure 
nothing at ali is learned ; not the slightest addition has thereby been 
made to the resources of the healing art. 

On the contrary^ these very chance cases of accidental cureSy when they 
havi occurred to physicians^ have done most to fili the materia medica with 
falsi seductive declarations respecting the curative actions of particular 
medicines ab usu in morbis. 

For, as the ordinary physician seldom or never describes the case 
of disease correctly, and, indeed, considers the circumstantial descrip- 
tion of a case of disease in ali its symptoms as useless, if he cannot bestow 
on it a patholoeical name (the illusory representation of a disease above 
alluded to),so he does not fail to apply some illusory pathological name 
to his chance case, which, together with his prescription, or the single 
remedy in the mixture to which alone he ascribes the cure, straìght- 
way nnds its way into the materia medica, which, moreover, is 
incapable of making use of anything but mere pathological names of 
diseases in its account of the uses of medicines. 

He who, thereafter, is inclined to regard a case occurring to him- 
self as the same pathological species of disease (and why should he 
not? the schools teach him to do so), has nothing to do but to resort 
immediately to this magnifìcent receipt, this splendid specific, at the 
bidding of its first recommender, or by the advice of the materia 
medica. But he certainly has, under the same illusory pathological 


man, and which, be they acute or chronic, difFer so vastly among each 
other, if they cannot be referred for curative purposes to some prìmary 
disease whicii is Constant in its character, they must each be regarded 
as a peculiar disease, and a medicine which in its pure efFects on the 
healthy body shows symptoms simìlar to the totality of the symptoms 
of the case before us must be administered in order to efFect a cure. 

This improved healing art, /. e. the homceopathic, draws not its 
knowledge from those impure souras of the materia medica hitherto in 
usej pursues not that antiquated, dreamy, fidse path we bave just 
pointed out, but foUows the way consonant with nature. It administers 
no medicines to combat the diseases of mankind òe/ore testing experi- 
mentally their pure efFects ; that is, observing what changes each can 
produce in the health of a healthy man — this is pure materia medica, 

Thus alone can the power of medicines on the human health be 
known ; thus alone can their true importance, the peculiar action of 
each dnig, be exhibited clearly and manifestly, without any fallacy, 
any deception, independent of ali speculation ; in their ascertained 
symptoms ali their curative elements lie disclosed ; and among them 
may be found a signalisation of ali the cases of disease which each 
fitting (specifìc) remedy is capable of curing. 

According to this improved system of medicine^ cases of disease, in 
ali their endless variety of appearance (if they cannot be traced back to 
some more profoundly rooted prìmary disease of Constant character), 

who knew not the latter disease), I found the specifìc curative and prophylactic remedy 
for this true, smooth scarlet fever in the smallest doses of belladonna^ which has the 
power of producing a very similar fever, with a similar lobster-red colour of the skin. 

So, also, from a thorough ronsideration of the symptoms presented by the purpura 
nuBaris just mentioned, in the particular character ot its purely inflammatory fever, 
with agonising anxiety and restlessness, I found that aamite must be the specifìc 
remedy (occasionally altemated with raw coffee) ; and experience has confìrmed 
the truth of the remark. 

The symptoms of crimp are to be found in the pure materia medica, among the 
svmptoms produced by httrnt sponge and hepar sulphuru ; and, see! these two 
altemately, and in the smallest dose, cure this frightfiil disease of children, as I 
first discovered. 

No known medicine is so capable of producing a state similar to that of the 
epidemie ivAcoping-cougA as the sundenv; and this disease, which, notwithstanding ali 
the exertions or allopathic physicians, either becomes chronic or terminates fatally, 
is cured in a few days in a certain and safe manner, as I first showed, by the smallest 
portion of a drop ot the decillion-fold dilution of the juice of drosera rotundifolia. 

What physician before me, and before the publication of the *' Materia Medica 
Pnra,^* was able to cure radically the constitutional and locai sycosic condyloma- 
tous disease ? They were content with removing the morbid growths by the cautery, 
the knife, or the ligature, as often as they appeared extemalTy, but none succeeded 
in curing the disease. The symptoms of tAuja occidentali! taught me, however, that 
it must cure this disease ; and, behold ! a very small dose of its hiehiy diluted juice 
actually cures the internai disease, so that the extemal growths vanish also, showing 
the cure to be radicai. 

With an infìnity of empiricallv chosen drugs the allopathist attacks the autumnal 
djrsentery, but with what miserabfe success I The symptoms of corrosi<ve sublimate^ 
however {^vide the " Materia Medica Pura *'), resemble so closely those of this disease, 
that this medicine must be its specifìc remedy ; and experience convinced me, raany 
years since, that a single dose, consisting of a small portion of a drop of the 
trìllion-fold dilution ofmercurius sublimatus corrosivm is suBicientto produce a rapid 
and complete cure. 


must be regarded in every instance as new, and never before seen ; 
they must be noted exactly as they present themselves, with ali the 
symptoms, accidents, and altered sensations dìscoverable in them by ali 
the senses ; and a remedy must be selected which, as has been shown 
by previous experi ments of its action on the perfectly healthy, is 
capable of producing symptoms, accidents, and altered sensations most 
similar to those of the case under treatment ; and such a medicine, 
given in a very small dose, cures, as experience teaches, much better 
and more perfectly than any other method of treatment, 

This doctrine of the pure efFects of medicines promises no delusive, 
fabulous remedies for names of diseases^ imagines no general therapeutic 
virtues of drugs, but unostentatiously possesses the elements of cure for 
diseases accurately known (that is, investigated in ali their symptoms) ; 
and he who will take the trouble to select the remedy for a disease by 
the rule of the most perfect similarity will èver nnd in it a pure 
inexhaustible source whence he may derive the means for saving the 
lives of bis fellow-men. 


Leipzig, Aprili 1817 ; and 

CÒTHEN, January^ 1825. 


As long as accurate observation, unwearied research^ and careful 
comparison bave failed to demonstrate realJy Constant primary maladies 
for the amazing number of morbid phenomena and cases of disease 
occurring in the human subject, which nature appears to produce in 
endless variety and very dissimilar to one anocher, so long evidently 
must every single disease as it occurs be homceopathically treated 
according to the array of symptoms that show themselves in each case, 
whereby, however, they will ali be infini te ly better removed than by 
ali the routine treatment that has hitherto prevailed in ordinary 

The adherents of the dominant school of medicine imagined that 
they would best succeed with the treatment of that great variety of 
morbid phenomena, if they arbitrarily drew up upon paper a list of 
types of disease, which shouid represent and include within them ali 
the cases of disease that were met with at the sick-bed. They gave 
the name of pathology to this performance of theirs. 

Seeing the impossibility of efficaciously treating every case of dis- 
ease according to its individuality, they imagined that their business 
was to select from the apparently infinite variety of difFerent diseases 
which nature displays, a number of diseased states, ali resembling each 
other in having some particular prominent symptom in common, as 
fundamental forms, and, having assigned to them general symptoms 
that were of not unfrequent occurrence in diseases and bestowed on 
them special names, to give them out for Constant, distinct diseases, 
that always remained the same. These forms of disease, manufactured 
by themselves, they asserted to constitute the whole rango of the world 
of disease, in other words, pathology^ in order that they might be able to 
lay down special modes of treatment for these their artificial morbid pictures^ 
and this constituted the science of therapeutics. 

Thus they made a virtue of necessity, but they did not consider the 
evil that must arise from this perversion of nature, they did not reflect 
that this arbitrary procedure that did violence to nature, after having 

' From voi. iv, and edit., 1825. 


grown old by being propasated through thousands of years, would at 
length come to be regarded as a symbolical, unimprovable work.* 

The physician who was called in to a case, to determine, as the 
niles of bis art enjoined, the nosologìcal name of the disease bis patient 
laboured under, must take for granted, in reference to some symptoms 
that the pathological works describe as belonging to this form of 
disease, that they are merely accidentally absent in bis patient, that 
might very well nave been there, although they were noi — the remaining 
often very numerous and serious suiFerings and symptoms which the 
patient was really afFected with^ but which do not occur in the deiìni- 
tion of the nosological name in the pathological work, he must, so the 
rules of bis art required^ regard as unessential, as accidental, as unim- 
portant, as wild, exuberant ofFshoots, so to speak — symptoms of 
symptoms — which he need not pay attention to. 

It was only by such extraordinary capricious adding to the actual 
morbid state, and equally capricious paring down of it, that the 
adberent of the arbitrary old school succeeded in concocting the list of 
diseases recorded in nosological works, and in practice demonstratine 
that bis patient laboured under one of the diseases in this nosological 
system, of which nature never thought when she made bim ili. 

" What do we care," say the medicai teachers and their books, 
" what do we care about the presence of many other diverse symptoms 
that are observable in the case of disease before us, or the absence of 
those that are awanting ? The physician should pay no attention to 
such empirìcal trìfles \ bis practical tact, the penetrating glance of bis 
mental eyef into the hidden nature of the malady, enables him to 
determine at the very first sight of the patient what is the matter with 
him, what pathological form of disease he has to do with^ and what 
name he has to give it, and bis therapeutic knowledge teaches him 
what prescription he must order for it." 

Thus then were prepared by that human piece of manufacture 
termed pathology those illusory pictures of disease which were trans- 
fèrred lege artis to the patient, and falsely attributed to him, and this it 
was that rendered it so easy for the physician to recali to his memory 
without besitation a couple of prescriptions which the clinical thera- 
peutics (of the prescription manual) had in readiness for this name. 

But how did the prescriptions for these names of diseases originate ? 
Were they communicated by some divine revelation ? 

My dear sir, they are either formulas prescribed by some cele- 

* It is oniy a pity that this fond dream is dìspelled when we look at the various 
systems of pathology with their different names and dissimilar descriptions of disease, 
when we look at the hundred and fìfty defìnitions of fever, and the very various 
modes of treatment in the many works on therapeutics, which ali lay equal claim 
to infallibility. Which of ali of them is rìght ? Is not the unnatural, unreal, 
apocryphal character of ali apparent ? 

f what honest man not endowed with clairvoyance could boast of possessing a 
mental eye which should enable him to penetrate through flesh and bone into that 
hidden essential nature of things that the Creator of mankind alone understands, of 
which mortai man would bave no conception, for which he would bave no words, if 
ìc were laid open to him ? Does not such pretension reach the climax of boastfiil 
charlatanry and mendacious delusion ì 


brated practìtioner for some case or other of disease to which he has 
arbitrarily given this nosological name, which formulas consist of a 
variety of ìngredients, known to him no douht by name^ that carne into 
his head and were put by him into an elegant form by the aid of that 
important art which is called the art of prescribing (ars formulas 
concìnnaniì recteque concipiendi)^ whereby the requirements of chemical 
skill and pharmaceutical rules were attended to, if not the welfare 
of the patient ; — one or several receipts of this kind for the given case, 
under the use of which the patient at least did not die, but — thanks to 
heaven and his good constitution ! — gradually recovered. These are 
therefore receipts taken from the writings of illustrious practitioners ; 
or they are formulas which, at the request of some publisher who well 
kncw how capitali y prescription manuals sell, were fabricated in a 
garret, off- band, for the pathological names, by some willing soul in 
his pay, who was well skilled in the ars formulas concinnandi, and who 
was guided in his labour by the account of the virtues that the lying 
Works on Materia Medica bave liberally attributed to the several 
medicinal substances. 

But if the physician found the disease in his patient too unlike any 
of the pathological forms of disease to permit him to give ìt a definite 
name of this sort, it was admissible for him, according to-his books, to 
assume for the malady a more remote and concealed origin, in order to 
establish a treatment thereupon (on this assumption). Thus, supposing 
the patient at some forme r period had sufFered from pain (no matter 
what kind) in the back, his disease was unhesitatingly ascribed to 
concealed or suppressed hxmorrhoids — if he had had a tense abdomen, 
mucous excrements, anorexia alternating with bulimia, or even only 
itching in the nose, his disease was called a worm disease ; or if he had 
occasionai ly had pains (no matter what kind) in the limbs, his disease 
was pronounced to be concealed or immature gout, and against this 
fancied internai morbi (ìc cause the treatment was directed. If there 
were attacks of pain in the abdomen, spasm must be to blame for 
them j if there was frequent dctermination of blood to the face, or if 
the nose bled, the patient was dccidedly too fullbloodcd \ if the patient 
grew vcry thin during the treatment, as he naturally would, marasmus 
had to be combated ; if he was at the same time of a very sensitive 
disposition, nervous weakness was the enemy to be attacked ; if he 
suitered from cough, then concealed catarrh or a tendency to phthisis 
was in the background ; if the patient sometimes felt pains in the right 
side of the abdomen, or even only in the right scapula, it was un- 
doubtedly concealed inflammation or hidden induration of the liver 
that was to be taken into consideration. An old cutaneous disease or 
an ulccr on thcleg must, in order that the treatment should be directed 
against it, be attributed either to some herpetic humour or to some 
scrofulous virus, and a chronic prosopalgia must of course be ascribed 
to the canccrous virus. After having in vain trcated iìrst this then the 
other fancied hidden morbid state according to the directions of the 
clinica! books, and after ali the minerai waters^ which are said to be 
usiful in some indefinite manner for everything^ had been visited, nothing 
else remained but to view the case as one of infarctus of the abdomen 


and obstruction of the minute vessels of that part according to the idea 
of the formerly celebrated Kampf, and to torture the patient, in 
Kampf's fashion, with injections into the colon of hundreds of his 
absurd mixtures of vegetable decoctions, until he had got enough of 

In consequence of the case with which conclusions relative to the 
essential nature of diseases were come to, there could, thank heaven ! 
never be any lack of plans of treatment whereby the days of sufFering 
of the patient might be fully occupied (for there are prescriptions in 
plenty for ali names of diseases), as long as his purse, his patience, or 
his li fé lasted. 

^^ But no ! we can go to work in a more learned and sagacious 
manner, and investigate and conjecture upon the maladies that afflict 
mankind in the profundity and concealment of abstract vicws of life, as 
to whether, in the case before us, the arterial, the venous or the nervous 
system, the sensibility, the irritability or the reproductive function 
sufFer quantitively more or less (for we purposely avoid considering the 
infinite number of qualitative varieties from which these three mani- 
festations of the vitality may sufFer, in order not to burthen ourselves 
to a stili greater extent with the labour of research and conjecture); 
we merely make a guess as to whether these three dimensions of 
vitality are in a state either of excessive depression or excessive exalta- 
tion. If we are of opinion that the first, second, or third of them is 
suffering from one or other of these states of too high or too loWy we 
may boldly proceed to manceuvre against it, according to the pian of 
the new iatro-chemical sect, which imagined ' that nitrogen, hydrogen, 
and carbon alone constituted the souls of medicines, that is, the only 
active and curative thing in them ; that, moreover, carbon, nitrogen, 
and hydrogen could at pleasure regulate and screw up or screw down 
(potentize and depotentize) the irritability, the sensibility, and the 
reproductive function, consequently (if the premisses are correct) the 
whole vitality, and therefore they were capable of curing ali diseases.' 
— *Tis only a pity that they are not yet agreed as to whether external 
agents act by means of their identity with or their contrariety to the 
component parts of our organism !'' 

But in order that medicines should really contain these elementary 
principles, which, as far as was known, they did not hitherto possess, 
they were one holiday evening formally ascribed to them at the desk, 
and, in a system of materia medica specially created for this purpose, it 
was decreed how much carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen each medicinal 
substance should henceforth contain. 

Could medicai caprice go farther, or trifle more sinfully with 
human life ? 

But how long shall this irresponsible playing with human life stili 

After three and twenty centuries of such a criminal mode of 
procedure, now that the whole human race seems to be awaking in 
order powerfully to vindicate its rights, shall not the day begin to dawn 
for the deliverance of sufFering humanity which has hitherto been 
racked with diseases, and in addition tortured with medicines admini- 

VOL. II. 3 


ttered whhout rhjrme or reason, and without limìt as to number and 
qiiantity, for imaginanr diseases, in conformity with the wildest notìons 
of physìcians proud of the andquitj of their sect? 

Shall the pernicious juggleiy of routine treatment stili continue to 
exist ? 

Shall the entreaty of the patient, to listen to the account of his 
sufferings, vainly resound through the air unheard by his brethren of 
mankind, without exciting the helpful attention of any human heart ? 

Or can the so remarkably diflferent complaints and sufFerìngs of 
each single patient indicate anything else than the peculiarìty of his 
disease? If not, what can this distinct voice of nature, which 
expresses itself in terms so appropriate to the various symptoms of the 
patient, what can it mean if not to render his morbid state as cogni- 
zable as possible to the sympathising and attentive physician, in order 
to enable him to distinguish the very minutest shades of diilerence of 
this case from every other ? 

Would benefìcent nature, that makes such mighty eiForts for our 
presenration, by her extremely wise, simple, and wonderful arrange- 
ment for putting the patient in a positìon to reveal to the observer, by 
words and signs, the great varìety of his altered sensations and morbid 
actions, bave enabled him to do this ali in vain and without object, 
and not for the purpose of furnishing a clear and accurate description 
of his morbid state in the only conceivable manner so as not to lead 
the practitioner astray ? The disease, being but a peculiar condition, 
cannot speak, cannot teli its own story ; the patient sufFerìng from it 
can alone render an account of his disease by the various signs of his 
disordered health, the sufFerings he feels,the symptoms he can complain 
of, and by the alterations in him that are perceptible to the senses. 
But the pseudo-wisdom of the ordinary physicians thinks ali this 
scarcely worth listening to ; and even if they listen to it, they allege 
that it is of no importance, that it is empirica! and expressed in a very 
unlearned manner by nature, that it does not coincide with what their 
pathological books teach them, and is, therefore, not available for their 

Imrpose, but in place thereof they put forward a figment of their 
earned reveries as the picture of the internai (never ascertainable) state 
of the disease, in their foUy substitute this delusive pathological picture 
for the individuai state of each case of disease as nature faithfully 
delineates it, and direct their medicina! weapons against this tnimped- 
up phantom of their imagination, the inferences of what they cali their 
practical tact. 

And what are these weapons of theirs? Large doses of medi- 
cines ; that is, he it observed^ powerful substances, which^ where they 
do no good, must and really do injure the patient (seeing that the 
peculiar and sole nature of sul medicines in the world consìsts in their 
capability, when brought in contact with the living sensitive body, of 
morbidly derangine it, each in its own peculiar way), which must 
accordingly make the patient worse, if they bave not been selected for 
remediai purposes with the utmost care that their peculiar properties 
shall be adapted to the morbid state ! These medicina! substances, 
which in thimtihis an injurious^ ùfUn very injurious (and only usefiil in 


the cases for which they are suitable), and whfch are unknown in 
regard to their peculiar, true action, were so blindly resorted to, or, in 
obedience to the mandates of the mendacious hook called materia 
medica, mingied together (if the mixture was not taken ready made 
from the receipt-book) as though they were drawn at hap-hazard from 
the wheel of fortune or rather misfortune, with no correa knowledge or 
rather no knowledge at ali of their true^ pecuUar effects, and they served 
but to increase the tortures of the patient already suffering from bis 
disease, with this barbarous olla podrida full of disgusting smells and 
tastes (one spoonful to be taken every hour !). Was such a procedure 
beneficiai to him ? Oh, God ! no, prejudicial to him. The usuai result 
of such an unnatural and false mode of treatment pursued during 
every hour of the day, must be palpable aggravation of bis state, aggrava- 
tion which the ignorant patient is made to believe is owing to the 
malignant nature of bis disease. Poor^ unhappy wretch ! what else 
than to make bad worse can be done by such powerful noxious sub- 
stances raked together according to the whims of the dominant medicai 
school, taken at blind hazard and administered in an inappropriate 
place ? 

And in this homicidal manner bave practitioners gone on acting in 
despite of the truth that speaks trumpet-tongued for our information, 
because, since the remotest times, it has been the habit with their 
profession to torture methodically suffering humanity in this unnatural 
manner for their money — to their injury ! 

What human heart in whom the smallest spark of the God- 
implanted monitor, conscience, stili exists, but must shudder at such 
abominable behaviour ? 

In vain, in vain dost thou seek to silence the audible, terrible voice 
of the incorruptible judge in thy conscience, of that sacred tribunal of 
God's justice that holds its seat in thy bosom, by the miserable excuse 
that others do so likewise, and that such has been the practice since the 
most remote ages ; in vain dost thou seek to stifle its stili small voice 
by atheistical rìdicule, wild pleasures, and goblets of reason-obscuring, 
intoxicating drinks. The Holy One, the Almighty lives, and eternai 
unchangeable justice lives with Him. 

Now, as the internai operations and processes of the living human 
organism cannot be inspected, and, as long as we are merely men and 
not God, cannot be perfectly known to us, either in the healthy or yet 
in the diseased state, and on that very account ali deductions from the 
exterior respecting the interior are deceptive, and as the knowledge of 
disease can be neither a metaphysical problem nor the product of 
fantastic speculation, but is an affair of pure experience by the senses, 
because disease, as a manifestation, can only be apprehended by observa- 
tion ; therefore every unprejudiced pcrson must at once perceive that, 
as careful observation finds every individuai case of disease in nature to 
difier from every other,* no name borrowed from a pathological system 
of man's fabrication which falsely alleges diseases to possess Constant 

* With the exccptlon of such diseases as are caused by a mìasm of Constant 
character» or by an auways identical cause, 


unvarying characters, should be attached to morbid states, which in 
realìty difFer so much among themselves, and that there can scarcely 
be any hypothetical representation which we may form to oursclves 
respecting any one disease, that shall not be imaginary, delusive^ and 

Diseases are nothing more than alterations of the sound, normal 
state of health, and as an alteration of this sort consists merely in the 
occurrence of many accidents, morbid sufFerings, and perceptible 
divergences from the former healthy state, seeing that after the removal 
of allthese accidents and sufFerings nothing but health can remain ; 
so there can be for the physician no other true view of diseases which 
shall enable him to discover what should be the aim of bis treatment 
and what there is to be cured, save and except what is perceived by the 
senses of the observable alterations of health in the patient. 

The honest physician, therefore, whose conscience forbids him 
with superficial baste to invent a delusive picture of the malady to be 
cured, or to consider it as one of the forms of disease already existing 
in pathological works ; whose earnest desire it is, in one word, to 
investigate the peculiar character of the disease before him, in order to 
be able to restore the patient with certainty, — the honest physician, I 
say, will observe bis patient minutely, with ali bis senses, will make 
the patient and bis attendants detail ali his sufFerings and symptoms, 
and will carefully note them down without adding anything to or 
taking anything from them ; he will thus bave a faithful genuine 
picture of the disease, and along with that an accurate knowledge of ali 
there is in it to be cured and removed ; he will then bave a true know- 
ledge of the disease. 

Now, as diseases can be nothing more than alterations of the 
sound, normal state of health, and as every alteration of the health 
of a healthy person is disease, so cure can be nothing but transfor- 
mation of tne abnormal state of health into the normal and healthy 

If, then, as cannot be denied, medicines are the agents for curing 
diseases, they must possess the power of efFecting an alteration in the 
state of health. 

Now, as there can be no other alteration of the sound state of 
health than this, that the healthy person shall become sick, therefore 
medicines, inasmuch as they possess the power of healing, consequently 
of altering the health of man, the healthy as well as the sick, must, in 
their action upon the healthy, produce many symptoms, morbid sufFer- 
ings, and divergences from the healthy state. 

Now admitting, what likewise cannot be denied, that, in order to 
cure, the main business of the physician consists in knowing before- 
hand the medicine from which a cure is most certainly to be expected, 
he must, seeing that a cure by medicines takes place only by reason of 
an alteration effected in the state of the health, above ali things know 
beforehand, what alterations in man's health the several medicines can 
efFect, before he selects one of them for administration, if he do not 
wish to beguilty of a criminal inconsiderateness and of an unpardonable 
attack upon human life ; — for if every powerful medicine can make 


the healthy sick^ an ignorantlvr selected, consequently an unsuitable, 
medicine must necessarìly render the patient worse than he was. 

The most zealous efforts of one who devotes himself to the cure of 
diseases (a physician), must hence, before ali things, be directed to 
obtain a foreknowledge of those properties and actions of medicines by 
means of which he may efFect the cure or amelioration of every 
individuai case of disease with the greatest certainty ; that is to say, he 
must, before commencing the practice of physic, have previously 
obtained a thorough knowledge of the peculiar alterations in the health 
of man the several medicines are capable of effecting, in order to be 
able to select, in every case of disease, the health-altering medicine 
most suitable for effecting a cure. 

Now, it is impossible that the alterations in man's health which 
medicines are capable of producing, can be ascertained and observed 
more purely, certainly, and completely, by any other method in the 
world, than by the action of medicines upon healthy individuais ; 
indeed, there is no other way besides this conceivable, in which it were 
possible to obtain experience that shall be at ali of an accurate 
character respecting the real alterations they are capable of effecting in 
man's health. For the action they show with chemical reagents 
reveals only chemical properties, which are no due to their power 
over the living human organism. The alterations they produce when 
given to ani mais only teach what they can do to them each according 
to its nature, but not what they would effect on man, endowed as he 
is with an organisation of a perfectly different character, and with very 
diiFerent powers both of mind and body. Even when given in human 
diseases in order to ascertain their effects, the peculiar symptoms which 
were solely due to the medicine can never be distinctly recognised, 
never accurately distinguished, amid the turmoil of the morbid symptoms 
already present, so as to admit of our ascertaining which of the changes 
effècted were owing to the medicine, which to the disease. Hence 
not the slightest claim to a knowledge of the true, pure action of the 
various medicines can be made by the ordinary materia medica, which 
has scraped together its fables respecting the virtues of drugs from the 
confused use of mixed medicaments in diseases, its descriptions of which 
are often not more lucid than the pathological names bestowed upon 

The simple naturai way alone remains for us, in order to ascertain 
clearly, purely, and with certainty, the powers of medicines upon man, 
that is, the alterations they are capable of effecting on bis health — the 
only genuine and simple naturai way, viz. to administer the medicines 
to hc^thy individuais who are attentive enough to notice upon them- 
selves what each individuai medicine is capable of producing in and on 
them of a peculiar morbid and abnormal character, and to make a 
careful record of the sufferings, symptoms, and alterations in their 
corporea] and mental state produced by its administration, as the 
peculiar alterations of man's health this medicine may henceforth be 
expected to produce ; for whilst the action of a medicine lasts (provided 
violent moral emotions and other injurious influences from without do 
Qot intervene) ali the symptoms that occur in a healthy individuai 


must be the efFects of the medicine^ seeing that its influence alone 
doBiinates over his state of health at that perìod. 

The physician must possess the most perfect knowledge possible of 
the pure alterations in the health produced on the healthy human body 
hj the greatest possible number of single medicìnes, before he venturcs 
to undertake the most important of ali vocations^ namely, the admini- 
stration of medicines to a sick person for his disease, to a sufferìng 
fellow creature who appeals to our most sacred sense of duty to relieve 
him, who demands ali our compassion and ali our zeal, to enable us to 
relieve him ; for these medicines if given improperly are frightful 
substances, and are attended with injurious effects, and not unfre- 
quently with danger to li fé. 

In this way alone will the upright physician act in the most impor- 
tant matter of conscience that can be, in gaining a knowledge of the 
pure efiècts of medicines, and in investigating the case of disease 
committed to his care, according to the distinct indication and obvious 
requirements of nature, and in this way alone will he act in accordance 
with the dictates of nature and conscience, even though he know not 
as yet what morbid symptoms, artificially produced by medicines on the 
healthy individuai, nature has destined for the eradication of any given 
symptoms in naturai diseases. 

This problem he cannot solve by any speculative à priori research, 
nor by any fantastic reveries — no ! he can only solve this problem also 
by experiment, observation, and experience. 

Now, it is not merely one single observation, but ali experiments 
and observations carefully conducted demonstrate in the most con- 
vincing manner (to every sensible individuai who will take the trouble 
to convince himself) that among medicines tested as to their pure 
effects, that one alone, which can produce in the healthy individuai a 
similar morbid state, is capable of transforming a given case of disease, 
rapidly, easily, and permanently into health, indeed^ that such a medicine 
will ntver fati to cure the disease. The place of the naturai disease in 
the organism is occupied by the artifìcial somewhat stronger medicinal 
disease, which now adone occupies the vitality, and in consequence of 
the minuteness of the dose of the medicine which produced it, runs 
but a brief course before being extinguished, and the body is then left 
without disease, that is, quite well and (homaeopathically) cured. 

If, then, beneficent nature shows us, in the homoeopathic method 
of treatment, the only sure and infàllible way by which we can remove 
easily and permanently the totality of the symptoms in a patient, that 
is, his whole morbid state,* and by which we are able to make him 
well at will ; if every instance of treatment conducted on this pian 
shows US the most un&iling cure ; who could remain so perverse, and 
neglect to such a degree the good of himself and of humanity, as to 
refuse to tread in this path of truth and- nature, but stick to the 
indefensible, antiquated, purely imaginary phantoms of diseases and 
modes of treatment, to the destruction of the sick ? 

I know full well that it requires heroic courage in order to cure 

* After the removal of ali his sufferings, symptoms and the morbid changes in his 
feelings^ can anything besidet health remain ? 


ourselves of prejudices grown almost into mental infirmities, which 
have become sacred to us on account of their hoary age, and that it 
demands a veiy uncommon strength of mind to eradicate from our 
memory ali the absurdities that have been imprinted upon our youthful 
susceptibilities as oracular deliverances^ and to exchange them for new 

But the oak'garland with which a consciousness of actìng righi crowns 
usy rewards these victories over ourselves a thousand-foU ! 

Do old, antiquated untruths become anything better— do they 
become truths — by reason of their hoary antiquity? Is not tnith 
eternai^ though it may have been discovered only an hour ago ? Does 
the novelty of its discovery render it an untruth ? Was there cver a 
discovery or a truth that was not at first novel ? 



Ih order to be able to obsenre well, the medicai practidoner requìres 
to possess, what is not to be met wìth among ordinary physicians even 
in a moderate degree, the capacitj and habit of noticing carefiilly and 
correctly the phenomena that take place in naturai diseases, as well as 
those that occur in the morbid states artificially excited by medicines 
when they are tested upon the healthy body, and the ability to 
descrìbe them in the most appropriate and naturai expressions. 

In order accurately to perceive what is to be obser\'ed in patients, 
we should direct ali our thoughts upon the matter we bave in band, 
come out of ourselves, as it were, and ùsten ourselves, so to speak, 
with ali our powers of concentration upon it, in order that nothing that 
is actuaUy present, that has to do with the subiect, and that can be 
ascertained by ali the senses, may escape us. 

Poetic fancy^ fantastic wit and speculation, must for the ti me be 
suspended, and ali over-strained reasoning, forced interpretation and 
tendency to explain away things must be suppressed. The duty of 
the ohserver is only to take notice of the phenomena and their course ; 
his attendon should be on the watch, not only that nothing actually 
present escape his observation, but that also what he obsen'es be under- 
stood exacdy as it is. 

This capability of observing accurately is never quite an innate 
fiunilty ; it must be chiefly acquired by practice, by refìning and regu- 
ladng the perceptions of the senses, that is to say, by exercising a severe 
cridcism in regard to the rapid impressions we obtain of extemal 
objects, and at the same dme the necessary coolness, calmness, and 
firmness of judgment must be presen'ed, together with a Constant 
distrust of our own powers of apprehension. 

The vast importance of our subject should make us bestow the 
energies of our body and mind upon the obser\'ation ; and great 
padence, supported by the power of the will, must sustain us in this 
direction until the completion of the observation. 

To educate us for the acquirement of this feculty, an acquaintance 
with the best wrìtings of the Greeks and Romans is useful, in order to 

^ From voi. ìt, ind cdit., 1835. 


enable us to attain directness in thinking and in feeling, as also appro* 
prìateness and simplicitv in expressing our sensations ; the art of 
drawing from nature is also useful, as it sharpens and practises our eye, 
and thereby also our other senses, teaching us to form a true concep- 
tion of objects, and to represent what we observe, truly and purely, 
without any addition firom the fancy. A knowledge of mathematics 
also gives us the requisite severity in formi ng a judgment. 

Thus equipped^ the medicai observer cannot fail to accomplish his 
object, especially if he has at the same ti me Constant ly before his eyes 
the exalted dignity of his calling — as the representative of the all- 
bountiful Father and Preserver, to minister to His beloved human 
creatures by renovating their systems when ravaged by disease. He 
knows that observations of medicai subjects must be made in a sincere 
and holy spirit, as if under the eye of the all-seeing God, the Judge of 
our secret thoughts, and must be recorded so as to satisfy an upright 
conscience, in order that they may be communicated to the world, in 
the consciousness that no earthly good is more worthy of our zealous 
exertions than the preservation of the life and health of our fellow- 

The best opportunity for exercising and perfecting our observing 
faculty is afForded by instituting experiments with medicines upon our- 
selves. Whilst avoiding ali foreign medicina! influences and disturbing 
menta! impressions in this important operation, the experimenter, after 
he has taken the medicine, has al! his attention strained towards al! the 
alterations of health that take place on and within him^ in order to 
observe and correctly to record them, with ever-wakefu! feelings, and 
his senses ever on the watch. 

By persevering in this careful investigation of al! the changes that 
occur within and upon himself, the experimenter attains the capability 
of observing al! the sensations, be they ever so complex, that he expe- 
rìences from the medicine he is testing, and ali, even the fìnest shades 
of alteration of his health, and of recording in suitable and adequate 
expressions his distinct conception of them. 

Thus only is it possible for the beginner to make pure, correct, 
and undisturbed observations, for he knows that he will not deceive 
himself, there is no one to tei! him aught that is untrue, and he 
himself feels, sees, and notices whattakes place in and upon him. He 
will thus acquire practice to enable him to make equally accurate 
observations on others also. 

By means of these pure and accurate investigations we shall be 
made aware that al! the symptomatology hitherto existing in the 
ordinary system of medicine was only a very superfìcia! affair, and that 
nature is wont to disorder man in his health and in al! his sensations 
and fiinctions by disease or medicine in such infìnitely various and 
dissimilar manners, that a single word or a general expression is totally 
inadequate to describe the morbid sensations and symptoms which are 
often of such a complex character, if we wish to portray really, truly, 
and perfectly the alterations in the health we meet with. 

No portrait painter was ever so careless as to pay no attention to 
tbc marked peculiarìti^s in the feature9 of the person he wished to (ns^ke 


a likeness of, or to consider it sufficient to make any sort of a pair of 
round holes below the forehead by way of eyes, between them to draw 
a long-shaped thing directed downwards, always of the same shape, by 
way of a nose, and beneath this to put a slit going across the face, that 
should stand for the mouth of this or of any other person ; no painter, 
I say, ever went about deh'neating human faces in such a rude and 
slovenly manner ; no naturalist ever went to work in this fashion in 
describing any naturai production ; such was never the way in which 
any zoologist, botanist, or mineralogist acted. 

It was only the semeiology of ordinary medicine that went to work 
in such a manner, when describing morbid phenomena. The sensa- 
tions that difFer so vastly among each other, and the innumerable 
varieties of the sufFerings of the many difFerent kinds of patients, were 
so hr from being described by word or writing according to their 
divergences and varieties, according to their peculiarities ; the com- 
plexity of the pains composed of various kinds of sensations, their 
degrees and shades, was so far from being accurately or completely 
described, that we find ali these infinite varieties of suiFerings huddled 
together under a few bare, unmeaning, general terms, such as perspira- 
tioHj heat^fever^ headache^ sor e throat^ croupj asthma^ cough^ chest com- 
plaints^ stitch in the side^ bellyache^ want of appetite^ indigestion^ dyspepsia^ 
backache^ coxalgia^ hamorrhoidal sufferings^ urinary dlsorderSj pains in the 
limbs (cali ed according to fancy gouty or rheumatic)^ skin diseaseSj spasmSy 
convulsionSj &c. With such superficial expressions, the innumerable 
varieties of sufFerings of patients were disposed of in the so-called 
observations, so that — ^with the exception of some one or other severe, 
striking symptom in this or that case of disease — almost every disease 
pretenaed to be described is as like another as the spots on a die, or as 
the various pictures of the dauber resemble one another in flatness and 
want of character. 

The most important of ali human vocations, I mean the observation 
ofthe sickj and of the infinite varieties of their disordered state of health^ 
can only be pursued in such a superficial and carcless manner by those 
who despise mankind^ for in this way there is no question either of 
distinguishing the peculiarities of the morbid states, or of selecting the 
only appropriate remedy for the special circumstances of the case. 

The conscientious physician who earnestly endeavours to apprehend 
in its peculiarity the disease to be cured, in order to be able to oppose 
to it the appropriate remedy, will go much more carefully to work in 
his endeavour to distinguisi! what there is to be observed ; language 
will scarcely suffice to enable him to express by appropriate words the 
innumerable varieties of the symptoms in the morbid state ; no sensa- 
tion, be it ever so peculiar, will escape him, which was occasioned in 
his feelings by the medicine he tested on himself ; he will endeavour 
to convey an idea of it in language by the most appropriate expression, 
in order to be able in his practice to match the accurate delineation of 
the morbid picture with the similarly acting medicine, whereby alone, 
as he knows, can a cure be efiècted. 

So true it is that the careful observér alone can become a true 
healer of diseases. 



This question is asked not only by the ordinary allopathic physi- 
cian^ who thinks he cannot go far enough with the huge quantities of 
medicine he prescribes, but the beginner in homceopathy also ignorantly 
puts the same question. 

To doubt the possibility of their possessing the requisite power 
seems to be of itself very foolish, because they are actually daily seen 
acting in this powerful manner, and manifestly efFecting the curative 
object intended. 

And what actually takes place must at least be possible ! 

But even when the hostile scofFers can no longer deny the efFect 
that lies before their very eyes, they seek, by means of false analogies, 
to represent what is actually occurring, if not as impossible, stili as 

*' If a drop of such highly attenuated medicine,'* so they talk, " can 
stili act, then the water of the lake of Geneva, into which a drop of 
some strong medicine has fallen, must display as much curative power 
in each of its separate drops, indeed much more, seeing that in the 
homoeopathic attenuations a much greater proportion of attenuating 
fluid is used.'' 

The answer to this is, that in the preparation of the homoeopthic 
medicinal attenuations, a small portion of medicine is not merely added 
to an enormous quantity of non-medicinal fluid, or only slightly 
mingled with it, as in the above comparison, which has been devised 
in order to pour ridicule upon the aflfair, but, by the prolonged 
succussìon or trituration^ there ensues not only the most intimate 
mixture, but at the same time — and this is the most important circum- 
stance — there ensues such a great, and hitherto unknown and undreamt 
of chance, by the development and liberation of the dynamic powers of 
the medicinal substance so treated, as to excite astonishment. 

In the above thoughtlessly adduced comparison, however, by the 
dropping of one drop of medicine into such a great lake, there can be 
no question of even its superflcial admixture with ali parts of a mass of 

* From voi. vi, ind cdit., 18*7. 


water of such extent, so as that every part shall contain an equal 
portion of the drop of medicine. 

There is not the slightest question of an intimate mixture in such 
a case. 

Wcre we to attempt to impregnate only a moderate quantitj {e.g. 
a hogshead) of water with one drop of medicine, no conceivable 
stirringy were it ever so prolonged, would succeed in distrìbuting this 
drop uniformly through the whole mass — not to mention that the Con- 
stant internai change and chemical decomposition of the component 
parts of the water continually going on, would destroy and annihilate 
the medicinal power of a drop of vegetable tincture in the course of a 
few hours. 

In like manner, a hundred weight of flour taken as one whole mass, 
can by no mechanical contrivance be mixed so equally with a grain of 
medicine in powder as that every grain of flour shall obtain the same 
quantity of the medicinal powder. 

In the homceopathic pharmaceutical operations on the contrary 
(admitting thcy were merely a common mixture, which they are not), 
as oniy a small quantity of the attenuating fluid is taken at a time (one 
drop of medicinal tincture shaken up with only loo drops of alcohol), 
there ensues a union and equal distribution in a few seconds. 

But the mode of attenuating medici nes for homceopathic use efFects 
not only an equal distribution of the medicinal drop throughout a great 
proportional quantity of unmedicinal fluid (which is out of the question 
in the above absurd comparison), but it also happens — and this is of 
infìnitely greater importance — that by the succussion or trituration 
employed^ a change is efFected in the mixture, which is so incredibly 
great and so inconceivably curative, that this development of the 
spiritual power of medicines to such a height by means of the multi- 
plied and continued trituration and succussion of a small portion of 
medicinal substance with ever more and more dry or fluid unmedicinal 
substances, deserves incontestably to be reckoned among the greatest 
di sceveri es of this age. 

The physical change and development of power that may be 
efFected by trituration in naturai substances^ which we cali matter, bave 
hitherto only been surmised from some circumstances — but the extra- 
ordinary efFects it can produce in the way of developing and intensi- 
fying the dynamic forces of medicines, bave ne ver been dreamt of. 

Now, with respect to the development of physical forces from 
material substances by trituration^ this is a very wonderful subject. 
' It is only the ignorant vulgar that stili look upon matter as a dead 
mass, for from its interior can be elicited incredible and hitherto 
unsuspected powers.* 

The great mass of mankind see, for example, that when a piece or 
Steel is strongly and rapidly rubbed by a downward stroke against a 
hard stone (agate, flint), an operation that is termed striking fire, 
incandescent sparks fly off (and kindle the tinder or punk they fall on) ; 
but how few among them bave carefully observed and reflected upon 
what really takes place bere. Ali of them, or at least almost ali, go 

^ Pxtracted from my essay in the AUgem, Anz, </. DeuUchen^ 1825, No. 194, 


on thoughtlessly lighting their tinder, and altnost no one perceives 
what a miracle^ what a great naturai phenomenon is here disclosed. 

When sparks are thus struck with suificient force, and caught on a 
sheet of white paper, then we may see, either with the naked eye or by 
means of a lens, usually small peìlets of steel lying there, which ha ve 
been detached in a state of fusion from the surface of the steel by the 
smsiit friction blow with the flint, and bave fallen in an incandescent 
state, like small fire balls, in the forni of sparks^ upon the paper, where 
thcy cooled. 

How I can the violent friction of the flint down the steel (in the 
operation of striking fire) cause such a degree of beat as to fuse steel 
into little balls ? Does it not require a beat of at least 3000^ of 
Fahrenheit's thermometer in order to melt steel ? Whence comes this 
tremendous beat ? Not out of the air, for this phenomenon takes 
place just as well in the vacuum of the air-pump, therefore it must 
come from the substances that are rubbed together ; which is the fact. 

But does the ordinary individuai really believe that the cold steel 
which he draws thoughtlessly from bis pocket to light bis tinder 
contains hidden within it (in a latent, confìned, undeveloped state) an 
inexhaustible store of calorie, which the friction only develops^ and as 
it wcre, wakes into activity ? No, he does not believe it, and yet so 
it is. 

But this inexhaustible store of calorie can only be released by 

friction. Count Rumford teaches us (in the fourtb volume of bis 

Works) how to beat our rooms solely by the rapid motion of two plates 

of metal rubbing against one another, without the employment of any 

ordinary combustibTe material whatever. 

The eflFect of friction is so great that not only the internai physical 
properties, such as calorie, odour,* &c., are roused and developed by it, 
but also the dynamic medicina! powers of naturai substances are thereby 
called forth to an incredi ble degree, a fri et that has hitherto escaped 

I was apparently the first who made this great, this extraordi- 
nary discovery^ that the properties of crude ^medicinal substances 
gain, when they are fluid by repeated succussion with unmedicinal 
fluids, and when they are dry by frequent continued trituration with 
unmedicinal powders, such an increase of medicina! power, that when 
these processes are carried very far, even substances in which for 
centuries no medicinal power has been observed in their crude state, 
display under this manipulation a power of acting on the health of man 
that is quite astonishing. . 

Thus pure gold, silver, and platina bave no action on the human 
health in their solid state — and the same is the case with vegetable 
charcoal in its crude state. Severa! grains of gold leaf, silver leaf, or 
charcoal may t>e taken by the most sensitive person without bis 
perceiving any medicinal action from them. Ali these substances 

* Horn, ivory, bone, the calcarcous stone impregnateci with petroleum, &c., have 
of themselves no smeli, but when fìled or rubbed they not only emit an odour, but an 
cxtremely foetid one, hence the last-mentioned substance has obtained the name of 
SMutOHe^ though when not rubbed it has no smeli. 


present themselves to us in a state of suspended animation as far as 
regards their medicinal action. But by strongly triturating for an 
hour, according to the method of homoeopathic pharmaceutics, one 
srain, i.g, of this gold leaf with loo grains of a non- medicinal powder 
(milk suear) a preparation results wnich has already great medicinal 
power. Bue a grain of this preparation rubbed for an hour with 
100 grains of milk sugar, and this process repeated in the same manner 
with always frcsh lOO grains of milk sugar until the last preparation 
contHins in cvery grain the quadrillionth of a grain of gold, gives a 
medicine in which the medicinal powers — completely latent and locked 
up in gold in its massive state — are so strikìngly called into life and 
rouacd and developed into activity, that when a victim of melancholia 
loathing life and driven to contemplate suicide by intolerable anxiety 
tmclls for a few seconds at a single grain of it contained in a phial, 
in one hour the evil spirit is cast out of this miserable creature, and com- 
plete love of life and cheerfulness are once more wakened up in him. 

From this we perceive that the preparations of medicinal substances 
by trituratiofty the farther the development of their powers is thereby 
brought and the more perfectly capable they are thereby rendered for 
displuying their power, become capable also of answering the homoeo- 
pathic puri)ose in proportionately smaller quantities and doses. 

Medicinal substances are not dead masses in the ordinary sense of 
the terni, on the contrary, their true essential nature is only dynami- 
cally spiritual — is pure force, which may be increased in potency 
almoat to an infinite degrce, by that very remarkable process of tritura- 
tiùH (and succussion) according to the homoeopathic method. 

'l'his is so true that wc must act with moderation in order to avoid 
increusing the |)owers of the medicines to an undue extent by such 
triturution. A drop of drosera in the 30th dilution succussed with 
twenty lìtrokes of the arni at each dilution, given as a dose to a child 
suft'erijig from whooping-cough, endangers its life, whereas, if the 
dilution phiala are succussed only twice, a globule the size of a poppy- 
teed moistened with the last dilution cures it readily. 


{Marsh Tea.) 

(The twigs of Ledum palustrt^ quickly drìed and powdered, macerated in twenty 
parts, by weight, of alcohol, to forni a tincture.) 

The subjoined symptoms, though they are by no means ali that 
might he elicited by proving on the healthy, are yet enough to show 
that this very powerful medicine is suitable for the most part only for 
chronic maladies in which there is a predominance of coldness and 
defìciency of animai heat, particularly as the duration of its action in 
large doses extends to four weeks. 

The dose, in cases of disease for which ledum is homceopathically 
adapted, I have found, by numerous trials and multiplied experience, 
requires to be reduced to a small portion of a drop of the quintillion- 
fold attenuation of the tincture. 

The evil effects of this medicine when unhomceopathically selected 
or given in too large doses, are relieved by frequent smelh'ng of a 
spirituous solution of camphor, or by repeated ingestion of a drop of 
such solution \ but cinchona bark given for the debili ty produced by 
ledum is very injurious. 

From the following symptoms compared with the similar and 
identical ili effects of many intoxicating beers, it may be inferred that 
they are adulterated to a hurtful extent and in a criminal manner with 
ledum, to which the police authorities should pay more attention, 

[Hahnemann was aided in this proving by Becher, Franz, Herrmann, 
Langhammer, Teuthorn, Walther. 

The old-school authorities quoted are : 

LiNNiEUS, Flora Lapponica, 

Pallas, Flora Rossica^ tom. i, p. 2. 

In the Fragmenta ledum has 80 symptoms, in the ist edit. 312, and in this 2nd 
edit. 338.] 


When walking and standing vertigo, he could hardly keep him- 
self upright (aft. 9 h.). [ir.] 

Veitigo: the head tenda to sink backwards. [Hrr.] 

AH day long violent vertigo, even when sitting stili, which is 
increased by stooping, and when walking amounts to falh'ng forwards, 
as if from intoxication, with feeling of beat throughout the body, 
especially in the face, without thirst, with pale cheeks and forehead 
(aft. 5 h.). [Lr.l 

' From voi. iv, 2nd edit., 18254 

48 LEDUM. 

Stupefaction of the whole head, as in vertigo (aft. J h.). [Lr.] 
5* Intoxication, giddiness and emptiness in the head. 

When walking in the open air he is as if intoxicated. [-Fz.J 

Incontrollable intoxication. [LiSN xvs^^ Flora Lapponica^p. 124.] 

Loss of reason. [Pallas,^ Flora Rossica^ tom. i, p. ii, p. 94.] 

Headache, as from a blow or knock. 
IO. Head afFected^ when he makes a false step the brain is painfully 

Violent headache.^ [Pallas, — Linn^us, 1. e] 

Raging headache. 

During sleep in the morning he feels a dull headache. [Fz."] 

Headache that makes him feei stupid. 
15. Tearing pain in the head and eye ; the white and the conjunctiva of 
the eye are swollen and highly inflamed j the tearing pain in the eye 
is aggravated by lying and alleviated by sitting ; the eyelids are not 
afFected^ but in the morning are sealed up as with matter, and an 111- 
smelling moisture exudes from between them ; at the same time 
there is evening rigor, followed by beat, nocturnal thirst, rumbling in 
the abdomen (with good appetite), more internai than external beat 
of the head, and sweat on the back and in the hair of the head (aft. 
24 h.). 

Pressure in the left side of the crown. [//irr.] 

Pressure in the forehead. [Hrr,] 

Pressi ve headache on the top of the forehead with confusion of 
the head, especially on covering it. [Fz,] 

Pressive headache ali over the brain likc a weight on it, with 
short interruptions, lasting day and night for three days. [Bch.^ 
20. Headache, at first ali over the brain like fiat heavy pressure, 
which the second day became a dull pressure on a small spot in the 
right tempie. [Bch.^ 

Shooting pain under the right frontal protuberance, in the 
brain. \_Hrr,'] 

On touching the tempie aching pain.* 

Aching stupefying pain externally on the forehead, as from 
dissipation ovcr-night, in every position (aft. 6 h.). [ir.] 

Crawling itching on the forehead and hairy scalp, as from lice. 
25. Pimples and boils on the forehead. 

Dry pimples on the forehead, especially in the middle, like 
millet seeds, without sensation, for six days (aft. 24 h.). [Lr,] 

Eruption of red lumps in the &ce, touching them causes shooting 

Eruption of pimples on the forehead, as in brandy drinkers, and 
smartìng itching on the chest as from lice, with red spots and 
miliary rash. 

1 Statement. 

' Statement. — This was after prolonged intoxication. 
' With the intoxication. 

* Though no name is attached to this symptom, it occurs among the ** observations 
of others/* and is thcrefore not one of Hahnemann's observations. 

LEDUM. 49 

Contractcd pupils (aft. i h.). [Zr.] 
30. Dilated pupils (aft. 3J, 5J, gj h.). [Lr.] 

Considerable dilatation of the pupils (soon after taking 

it). [Beh.] 

Excessive dilatation of the pupils. 

Flickering before the eyes, he could not see anything distinctly. 

Weak sight ; he saw nothing with sufficient distinctness. [Fz.] 
35. When he looks at anything attentively there is a halo or a 
flickering before the eyes, as after running quickly, and (as in vertigo) 
he cannot fix his look steadily on a certain object. 

Lachrymation of the eyes (without inflammation of the sclerotic) ; 
the tears are acrid and smarting, and excoriate the lower eyelid and 
the cheek. 

Smarting tears in the eyes. 

Pressure on the outer border of the right orbit, worse on moving. 

Pain in the ève, without inflammation, a pressure behind the eye- 
ball, as if it would be pressed out. [Beh,] 
40. Great itching in the inner canthus of the eyes. 

Inflammation of the eyes, with tensive pain. 

Burning aching in the eyes, especially in the evening, they are 
gummed up in the morning, but by day they water, even in the 
room (aft. 4 h.). 

The eyelids are gummed together, without pains. 

The eyelids are full of gum, but neither swollen nor inflamed. 
45. Paleness of the face, and yet not chilly. 

A noise in the ears, like ringmg of bells, or like a 
Btorm of wìnd. 

Loud, but interrupted roaring in the ears, almost ali day. [Beh,] 

Koaring in the ears, as £rom wind. [Beh], 

Dulness of hearing of the right car. 
50. Transient deafness, as if something lay before the membrana 
tympani of both ears (aft. 13 h.). [Lr,] 

Deafness of the right ear ^ it feels as if stopped up with cotton 
wool, and it seems to him as if he heard a distant ringing of bells. 

Slight epistaxis, bloody nasal mucus. 

A burning pain, as from red hot coals, in the interior of the nose, 
during which the nose was painful when pressed and blown (aft. 
24 h.J. 

Suppurating pimple on the border of the upper lip, with burning 
itching, which forced him to scratch, but was aggravated thereby 
(aft. 24 h.). [Lr.] 

SS' Hard pressure inwards in the left lower jaw (aft. i h.). 


After some great stitches in the tooth, an intolerable, external 
tearìng pain on the right side of the face, head and neck, ali night 
long, which goes off after some additional stitches in the tooth, but 
returns from time to time, and the attacks terminate with shivering 
and profound sleep and absence of hunger and thirst (aft. 96 h.). 

VOL. U. 4 

50 LEDUM. 

(Pressive pain on a left upper and lower incisor.) [_Fz.'] 
Swelling of a gland anteriorly under the chin, touching causcs 
aching pain. l^arr,] 

Fine shooting in the front part of the tongue (aft. f h.)- [Hrr,] 
60. Dry feeling in the palate, with thirst for water, without heat. 

Sore throaty with fine shooting pain. 

Shooting in the throat when not swallowing, only in the fore- 
noon ; on sneezing there was only an aching at the back of the 

Sensation as of a plug in the throat ; when she swallows there is 
shooting pain. 

Want of appetite. 
65. Great thirst for cold liquids, especially water (aft. 4J, 8, 28 h.). 

Continuai absence of thirst. [Hrr.'] 

Bitter taste in the mouth. [Fz.] 

A sick feeling in the stomach, as if qualmish, and at the same 
time bad musty taste in the mouth. 

She has no hunger, and when she eats something she instantly 
feels as if she had eaten too much i it oppresses her and she gets 
70. While eating, drawing and aching in the scrobiculus cordis. [Fz*] 

On eating quickly there occurs a contractive pain in the sternum. 

Dislike to the accustomed tobacco smoking, with proper appetite 
for food. [Beh.] 

Nausea in the morning. 

Nausea. [Pallas, 1. c] 
75. Every time he spits he becomes sick and inclined to vomit, 

In the morning, after rising, retching with eructation and fulness 
and straining in the scrobiculus cordis. [Fz,] 

A sudden flow of watery saliva from the mouth, with 
colie— waterbrash. 

Bellyache : digging under the navel, with flow of water from the 
mouth, like waterbrash (aft. 2 h.). [Beh.] 

Frequently occurring hiccup (afe. 2^ h.). [Lr.] 
80. (Bitter eructation after eating.) 

When walking in the open air nausea, with sweat ali over the 
body, especially on the forehead. 

Drawing pain in the abdomen. 

Bellyache, as in dysentery. 

Bellyache, as if the bowels were contused and weakened, a 
sensation such as remains after the action of a strong purgative (aft. 
6 h.). 
85. Bellyache, as if diarrhoea were about to come on, from the navel 
to the anus ; at the same time anorexia, with correct taste and cold 

Cujtting in the abdomep, every evening. 

(In the left side of the abdomen feeling as if there were present 


in the stomacb a pressing swelling, as from ever-Ioading of that 
organ with food.) 

In the abdominal muscles obtuse shooting and pressure between 
the pelvis and the last left rib. [Hrr,] 

In the side, above the hip, a slour stitch, like a sharp pressure. 
90. Pressure on the superior border of (the left side of the peivis up 
to the last felse rib, more severe when waljcing. [Hrr.] 

Discharge of flatus (the ist d.). [Beh.] 

Frequent discharge of flatus (aft. i h). {_Lr,'] 

Bellyache (cutting?), with Aow of blood from the anus. 

The stool is mixed with blood. 
95. Fsecal diarrhGca, with mucus (aft 24 h.). [Beh,] 

Pappy stool, like diarrhoea, without suiFerìng. [ì^r.] 

Constipation for several days. 

Above the anus on the coccyx a red, moist spot, with smarting, 
sore itching pain, when sitting and walking (aft. 48 h.). 

100. He must urinate often, and copiously every time, even at night 
several times (the first 12 h.). [Hrr,] 

Diminished secretion and discharge of urine (aft. 1% d.). [//rr.] 

Very rare and scanty discharge of urine (the first la h.). [^Tru.l 

Frequent urging to urinate, with scanty discharge of urine (aft. 
2 h,). [Lr.] 

Reddish urine (aft. 24 h.). [Beh,] 
105. (Yellow urine, with white chalky sediment.) 

(Burning in the urethra after micturition.) 

(A clawing deep in the hypogastrium, as if in the biadder) 

The flow of urine often stops, and it will not cerne away^ and when 
she has urinated there is shooting pain. 

Swelling of the penis : the urethra is as if swollen ; he must press 
much in order to pass the urine, and the stream is very thin, but 
without pains (aft. 3 d.). 
no. (Itching on the glans penis.) 

Violent and continued erections of the penis. [Hrr.] 

Nocturnal emissions of semen. [Hrr,] 

Nocturnal pollutions of bloody or watery semen (aft. 12, 36 h.). 

(After a nocturnal pollution so exhausted that he can scarcely 
drag his feet along.) 
1 15. Catamenia some days too early. 

Catamenia every fourteen days. 

More proftise catamenia. 

A spasmodic doublé inspiration and sobbing.* 
On inspiring and holding the breath great tensio» in the sub* 
costai region. 

120. TLgnty painfol respiration. 

Ali day long she could not get her breath. 

• As with children who havc cried much and liavc bccn very angry. 

52 LEDUM. 

DyspncBio constrictìon of the ohest, aggravated by 
moTement and walking. 

Tightness of chest, with difficult, more rapid respiration, as from 
constriction of the chest, at the same time Constant painfulness of 
the sternum (aft. i J h.). [Beh.'] 

When going upstairs tightness of the chest. 
125 Trachead asthma. 

A crawling in the trachea, foUowed by rapid, tight breath. 
(Fcetid breath.) 

Before the cough comes she loses her breath, as if she would be 

Coueh without expectoration (aft. 40 h.). [Beh,'] 
130. With slight cough, expectoration of blood. 

With severe cough, profuse expectoration of blood. 

Eneotoration of brijjht red blood witib violent coiigh. 

Only nocturnal or morning cough, with purulent expectoration. 

A hoarse, rough, scrapy condition (in the windpipe) on the chest 
(aft. 48 h.). 
135. A pain in the sternum. 

Pain externally in the right side of the chest, as when a wound is 
pressed on, per se, but more when touched. 

During respiration a pain in the chest, as if something alive caused 
uneasiness there. 

Drawine externally on the chest, when walking and inspirìng, 
accompanied by single stitches. [/z.] 

Drawine in the sides of the chest, especially during inspiration, 
accompanied by single stitches. [Fz.] 
140. Pain of the sternum, as if the bone were painful, in jerks, like 
digging and scraping in it, without cough. [Beh.] 

Pressure on the chest, when walking. [Fz,] 

Pressure on the sternum, in bed, aggravated by movement. [Hrr,] 

Hard pressure from within outwards, a band s breadth below the 
right nipple, more violent during expiration, in the morning in bed 
(aft. 44 h.). [Hrr.] 

Tearing stitches in the side of the chest above the scrobiculus 
cordis, on every movement of the arm and when sitting. [Fz,] 
145, Obtuse shooting on the last right true rib. [Hrr.] 

In the morning, stitches in the chest. [Fz.] 

A kind of sheep-pocks on the chest and upper arms, which scab 
off after five days. 

Pressure outwards in the left axilla. [Hrr.] 

Small, red, constantly-itching pimples on the back. 
150. A boil on the scapula. 

Under the left scapula, a bruised pain. 

On moving, painful stiffhess of the back and scapulae. 

Painful stinhess of the back and loins^ after sitting. 

Obtuse shooting and pressure near the dorsal vertebrae, aggravated 
by inspiration. [Hrr.] 
155. Spasmodic, cramp-like pain under the short ribs, and immediately 
above the hips, towards evening, so violent that he could bave cried 

LEDUM. 53 

out, it took away his breath, and he was unable to rìse from the chair 
without assistance (aft. 13 d.). 

Pain in the loins after sitting. 

A tearìng from the sacrum up to the occiput, the left half of the 
brain and the left jaw, especially in the evening, with hot bloated 
cheeks, and red inflamed eyes. 

Drawing in the sacrum and stifFness in the back (aft. 12 d.). 

When standing, drawing pain in the sacrum, which goes off by 
pressing on it. [Fz,] 
160. Pain in the sacrum, when rising from a seat. [BchJ] 

Qn raising the aim, an eztremely painfal shooting in 
the shonlder. 

Tearing in the right shoulder-joint. \_Hrr.'] 

Pressure in the left shonlder-joint, aggravateci by 
movement [Hrr.'] 

Tearing pressure in the left shonlder-joint, aggravated 
by movement. [HrrJ] 
165. Pressure in both shoulder-joints, ag^avated by 
movement. [Hm] 

Pain in the middle of the upper arm on movement. 

A tearìng pain in the arms (aft. 3 h.). 

Weakness of the upper extremities, and pressure on several parts 
of them, a kind of paralysis (aft. 4 h.). [Hrr.] 

Fine shooting itching gnawing on both upper arms, which is 
relieved by scratching, but soon recurs more severcly. \^HrrJ] 
170. Pressure inwards on the rìght upper arm. IHrr»'] 

Pressure and feeling of weight on the left upper arm (aft. 40 h.). 

Intermittent tearing pressure backwarks on the left upper arm^ 
aggravated by movement. \^HrrJ] 

Pressure and tearìng pressure, with feeling of heaviness, on varìous 
parts of the right arm, especially in the joints of the arm, in which 
the pain was very much aggravated by movement (aft. 32 h.). [Hir.} 

Pressure in the rìght elbow-joint, aggravated by movement. [i/rr.J 
175. Achìne tensive feeling in the muscles of the right forearm, like 
pain of disTocation, in ali posirìons (aft. 24 h.). [Lr,] 

Painfìil twitching in the upper part of the forearm. IWthJ] 

Desire to stretch the upper extremities (aft. 30 h.]. \Bch.'\ 

Drawing pain in the extensor tendons of three fìngers of the left 

A severe or fine shooting in the band. 
180. Itching miliary rash on the wrìst-joint. 

Tearìng pain m the hands. 

The palms are sweaty ali day. 

The perìosteum of the digitai phalanges is painful when pressed 

A lump (hard swelling) on the tendon of the thumb^ near the 
wrìst-joint, which is painful on flexing the thumb. 
185. Pressure between the metacarpal bone of the rìght thumb and 
the bones of the wrìst, aggravated by movement (aft. 7 d.). [Hrr.l. 

54 LEDUM. 

Trembling of the hands when grasping and when 
moving thenL [Beh.] 

Great trembling of the hands, as from old age, especially when 
moving them (aft. 5 h.). [/^r.] 

Tearing paìn in the proxiniial joint of the thumb, which goei off 
on moving the thumb. [Fz.'\ 

Fine tearing in the fingers of the left hand, especially in the 
joints, aggravata by movement. [Hrr.] 
190. A painless lump under the middle joint of the index finger. 

Pain in both hip-joints and in the sacrum, on rising from a seat. 

PresBure on the right hip-joint, aggravated by move- 
ment (aft. 4 d.). [-Hirr.] 

Tearing pressure from the hip-joint to the ankles, aggravated by 
movement. [Hrr.] 

Pinching drawing pain in both hip-joints, in the cotyloid cavity 
itself, which also extended down to the posterior part of the thigh (aft. 
ah.). [Tm.] 
195. Fine, itching shooting, and itching gnawing on the hip-joints, 
which is somewhat allayed by scratching, but then recurs more 
violently. [Hrr.] 

The posterior muscles of the thigh feel as if paralysed. 

Pain, as if in the periosteum of the femur, on walking, sitting 
and touching, as if bruised, sore, or as if the flesh were detacned from 
the bone. 

At night^ burning itching on the thighs, which when scratching 
only caused burning, and then went off (aft. 2 h.). [7V«.] 

Fine, shooting itching gnawing on the thighs, which was some- 
what allayed by scratching, but recurred more severely. [Hrr.] 

200. Pressure on the left thigh, posteriorly; it in ai if 
the muscles wete not in theu* right placet, like pain of 
dislocation, in every position, out especially violent 
when touched and when walking (aft. 12 d.). [tlrr.] 

Pain in the knees, as if bruised, or sore. 
Creaking and cracking in the knees. 
In the knees, stifFness, only when walking. 
StiiFness of the knee. 
205. Tensive pain in the knee and heel, when walking, after sitting. 

trembling of the knees (and hands) when sitting and 
walking. [Beh.] 

Weakness and pressure in the left leg from the sole of the fbotto 
the thigh ; a kind of paralysis or paralytic pain. [Hrr.] 

Great weakness in the knee-joints, compelling him to sit down. 

weakness in the knee-joints, and when walking a 
tearing pressure in them. [Hrr.'\ 
2X0. Tearing pressure in the rignt knee-joint andbelow 
it, asTgravated by movement. [Hrr.] 

Obtuse shooting and pressure in the right knee-joint, aggmvated 
by movement. [Hrt.] 

54 LEDUM. 

Trembling of the hands when graspìng and when 
movìng thenL [Beh.] 

Great trembling of the hands, as from old age, especially when 
moving them (aft. 5 h.). [l^r.] 

Tearing pain in the proximal joint of the thumb, which goes off 
on moving the thumb. [Fz.] 

Fine tearing in the fingerà of the left hand, especially in the 
joints, aggravated by movement. [Hrr,] 
190. A painless lump under the middle joint of the index finger. 

Pain in both hip-joints and in the sacrum, on rìsing ffom a seat. 

PresBure on the right hip-joint, aggravated by move- 
ment (aft. 4 d.). IHrr.'] 

Tearing pressure from the hip-joint to the ankles, aggravated by 
movement. [Hrr.] 

Pinching drawing pain in both hip-joints, in the cotyloid cavity 
itself, which also extended down to the posterior part of the thigh (aft. 
ah.). [Tm.'] 
195. Fine, itching shooting, and itching gnawing on the hip-joints, 
which is somewhat allayed by scratching, but then recurs more 
violently. [arr."] 

The posterior muscles of the thigh feel as if paralysed. 

Pain, as if in the periosteum of the femur, on walking, sitting 
and touching, as if bruised, sore, or as if the flesh were detacned from 
the bone. 

At night, burning itching on the thighs, which when scratching 
only caused burning, and then went ofF (aft. 2 h.). [7r«.] 

Fine, shooting itching gnawing on the thighs, which was some- 
what allayed by scratching, but recurred more severe ly. [Hrr.] 

200. PreBsnre on the left thigh, posteriorly; it is ai if 
the muBcleB were not in their right placet, like pain of 
dielocation, in every poeition, out eepeciaUy violent 
when touched and when walkmg (aft. 12 d.). [Hrr.] 

Pain in the knees, as if bruised, or sore. 
Creaking and cracking in the knees. 
In the knees, stifFness, only when walking. 
StifFness of the knee. 
205. Tensivé pain in the knee and heel, when walking, after sitting. 

Trembling of the knees (and hands) when sitting and 
walking. [Beh.] 

Weakness and pressure in the left leg from the sole of the footto 
the thigh i a kind of paralysis or paralytic pain. [Hrr.] 

Great weakness in the knee-joints, compelling him to sit down. 

weakness in the knee-joints, and when walking a 
tearing pressure in them. [//rr.1 
210. Teanng pressure in the rignt knee-joint andbelow 
it, aggravated by movement. C^rr.] 

Obtuse shooting and pressure in the right knee^^joint, aggnlvated 
by movement. [Hrt.] 

54 LEDUM. 

Trembling of the hands when graspìng and when 
moving them. [Beh.] 

Great trembling of the hands, as from old age, especially when 
moving them (aft. 5 h.). [/^r.] 

Tearing pain in the proximal joint of the thumb, which goes off 
on moving the thumb. [Fz.] 

Fine tearing in the fingers of the left band, especially in the 
joints, aggravated by movement. [HTr.] 
190. A painless lump under the middle joint of the index finger. 

Pain in both hip-joints and in the sacrum, on rìsing from a seat. 

FresBure on the right hip-joint, aggravated by move- 
ment (aft. 4 d.). IHrr,'] 

Tearing pressure from the hip-joint to the ankles, aggravated by 
movement. [Hrr.'] 

Pinching drawing pain in both hip-joints, in the cotyloid cavity 
itself, which also extended down to the posterior part of the thigh (aft. 
ah.). [Tm.] 
195. Fine, itching shooting, and itching gnawing on the hip-joints, 
which is somewhat allayed by scratcning, but then recurs more 
violently. [Hrr.] 

The posterior muscles of the thigh feel as if paralysed. 

Pain, as if in the periosteum of the femur, on walking, sitting 
and touching, as if bruised, sore, or as if the flesh were detached from 
the bone. 

At night, burning itching on the thighs, which when scratching 
only caused burning, and then went ofF (aft. 2 h.). [Trn.] 

Fine, shooting itching gnawing on the thighs, which was some- 
what allayed by scratchine, but recurred more severely. [Hrr.] 

200. Pressure on the left thigh, posteiiorly; it is ai if 
the muscles were not in their right placet, like pain of 
dislocation, in every position, out especiidly violent 
when touched and when walking (aft. 12 d.). [Hrr.] 

Pain in the knees, as if bruised, or sore. 
Creaking and cracking in the Icnees. 
In the Icnees, stifFness, only when walking. 
StiiFness of the knee. 
205. Tensive pain in the knee and heel, when walking, after sitting. 

Trembling of the knees (and hands) when sitting and 
walking. [Beh.] 

Weakness and pressure in the left leg from the sole of the fbotto 
the thigh ; a kind of paralysis or paralytic pain. [Hrr.] 

Great weakness in the knee-joints, compelling him to sit down. 

weakness in the knee-joints, and when walking a 
tearing pressure in them. [Hrr.'] 
210. Tearmg pressure in the right knee-joint andbèlow 
it, aggravated by movement. [Hrr.] 

Obtuse shooting and pressure in the right knee-joint, aggnlvated 
by movement. [Hrr.] 

LEDUM. 55 

Pain anteriorly on both patellae as if bruised, when walking. 
Pressure on the right side near the left patella, aggravated by 
movement (aft. 12 h.), [Hrr.] 

In the morning, perspiration on the knee. 

215. Swelling and tensive and shooting pain in the knee> 
when walung. 

Itching eruption in the hough. 

A stretching and extension of the thighs. 

A grasping pain on the calf, down along the tibia. 

Tensive pain in the calves, when walking, after sitting. 
220. Cramp-like pain in the calves. 

At night, cramp in the calves when lying, it went off on rìsing 
up, but returned immediately on lying down (aft. 24 h.). 

Weakness and feeling of heaviness in the legs. [Hrr,] 

In the morning he is stiflF and rigid in the legs. 

StiflFness of the legs, with chilliness and emptiness of the head. 
225. A great wearìness in the legs, as if she had walked many miles, 
she feels this only when sitting or lying, but not when Walking. 

The legs very heavy ; there is often a drawing in them to above 
the knees. 

On bending the legs, feeling as of a twitthingand wearìness in them. 

When sitting, he gets a sensation of coldness only in the legs, but 
they were not actually cold. 

A shooting in the ankle. 

230. PreBsnre above the left inner ankle, aggiravated ]by 
movement. [Hrr.] 

Pressure as with a finger under the left ankle, alike in every 
position. [Hrr.] 

Pain in the ankle-joint, as from a sprain or bending over of the foot. 

Pressure in the left ankle-joint, bere and there ; aggravated by 
movement. [Hrr.] 

On the dorsum of the foot, an eruption of fine pimples, which 
itches in the evening. 

23S- Very severe gnawing itching on the donum of 
both feet; after scratchmg. it alwayB becomes more 
violent : it was only allayea after he nad scratched the 
feet quite raw ; much aggravated by the beat of the 

bed. C^rr.] 

Pressure on the dorsum of the left foot, in bed. [Hrr.] 
Swelling of the feet about the ankles, and intolerable pain in the 

ankle-joint on treading (aft. 5 d.). 

Obstinate swelung of the feet. 

Swelling ,of the legs to above the calves, with tensive pain, 
especially in the evening (aft. some h.). * 

240. Swelling of the feet for eight days. 

Aching in the feet, bere and there (aft. 11 d.). [Hrr.' 

PreBBnre on the inner border of the left foot (aft. 5 d.). 


Pressure on the inner border of the left foot and on its dorsum. 

56 LEDUM. 

The Boles of the feet are painfal when walking as if 
they were filled with blood. 

245. Presssure on the soles of both feet, aggravateci by walking. [Hrr.] 

Burning pressure on^ the sole of the right foot, towards the forc 
part. [Hrr,'} 

Pain under the heel when walking, as if bruised (aft. 2 h.). 

Pressure above the right heel, [Hrr.] 

Feeling of rush of blood towards the big toe. 
250. A slow and continued stitch in the big toe (aft. 2 h.). 

At night in sleep, a cutting in the toes of the left foot (aft. 
48 h). 

Pressure on the proximal joints of the toes of the left foot. [Hrr,'] 

Fine tearing in the toes of the left foot^ especially on their under 
surface. [Hrr,] 

Pressure at the junction of the three last toes with the metatarsal 
bones, aggravated by movement (aft. 3 d.). [Hrr,] 

255. The ball of the big toe is soft, swollen and painM 
when treading. 

Heat in the hands and feet, in the evening. 

Long contìnued warm sweat on the hands and feet 

(Tearing pain in the back and knees.) 

The gout reappears. 
260. Small round, red spots, without sensation, on the inside of the 
arms, on the abdomen and on the feet (aft. 48 h.). 

Eruption : small elevati ons like red millet-seeds, ali over the body 
(face, neck and hands excepted), with itching by day and only 
occasionally at night, allayed for but a short time by scratching. 

Itching on the knuckles of the joints of the toes, on the ankle- 
joint and loins. 

After a walk in the open air, feeling as of aching and tension comes 
from the side towards the shoulder, thence over the chest, clutch- 
ìng in the sternum, hearing and sight are lost ; he must He down 
and he remains pale fora quarter of an hour, is anxious and has cold 
hands and diarrhcea. 

Shooting' tearing pain in the joints. 
265, (Tearing twitching pain in the joints.) 

A throbbing pain in the afFected joints, that impedes move- 

Only the pains in the joints became more violent during move- 
ment, not those at other parts. [Hrr,] 

Painful hard lumps and nodes on the joints. 

At night, in bed, on moving the body, a paralytic pain in ali the 
270. Drawing in ali the long bones of the body, when moving. 

Transient, tearing, rheumatic pains, especially on movement. 
The limbs and the whole body are painful (oppression in ali the 
limbs), as if they were bruised and beaten. 

He cannot bear the heat of the bed, on account of 
heat and bnmin^ in the limbs. 

LEDUM. 57 

Intolerance of the bed-clothes, because they make ber hot. 
275. Numb and heavy feeling in the limbs with pains in the bones 
(aft. 20 h.). 

Numbness and ^one-to-sleep feeling of the limbs. 

Dry excessively itching tetter, with anxiety. 

Itching of the skin. 

On the side of the abdomen and on the arms, itching and gnaw- 
ing, and after scratching, burning (aft. 24 h.). 
280. Itching of the whole body as if an eruption would break cut 
(aft. 48 h.). 

A transient, fine shooting itching of the skin ali over the body. 

Slight itching needle-pricks on several parts of the body, that 
excite scratching, whereby it is allayed for some ti me, but recurs 
with increased intensity. \^Hrr,] 

Fine itching pricking, and itching gnawing on severàl parts of 
the body, especially on the hip-joints, thighs, and upper arms, that 
compels scratching, by which it is somewhat allayed, but then recurs 
cvery time with increased violence. [^Hrr.l 

Éluish spots on the body, like petechiae. 
285. Tiresome weariness and exhaustion when sitting, standing, and 
walking ; when he has sat for some time, he feels pains in the coccyx. 


In the morning, great desire to lie down ; he is sleepy^ sick and 
anxious (aft. 4 d.). 

Sleepiness. [Hrr.'\ 

She cannot sleep, and always starts up ; when she closes her eyes 
she is delirious and has visions, when almost quite awake. 
290. Sleeps restlessly and dreams the most confused things, ali mixed 
up together. 

At night, restless sleep, tossing about in bed ; in the morning, in 
bed, great chilliness, he cannot get warm; then unusually long 
morning sleep. [^z.] 

Deep, but restless sleep ; he lies at night on the unaccustomed 
side, and in the morning he cannot rouse himself. [Fz,'\ 

Waking up from a dream, which caused her to start. 

Dream full of shame^ and perspiration at night. 
295. Morning sleep full of dreams of murder and violence. [Trn,] 

Dream full of anxiety of conscience, with profuse sweat. 

XJneasy dreams ; he is sometimes in one place, some- 
times in another, sometimes occupied with one sutrjecty 
sometimes with another. [Hrr.] 

Vivid dream of great misfortunes. [Lr,] 

Vivid, voluptuous dreams, with erection of the penis, without 
seminai emission. [Xr.] 
300. Lasci vious dreams. [Hrr,'\ 

He wakes ftequently, and it is some time before he can go to 
sleep again. 

Sleeplessness with restlessness and tossing about 

Sleepiessness until midnight. [7rn.] 

58 LEDUM. 

On wakingfrom sleep, slight sweat ali over (aft. 22 h.). [LrA 

305. Qn waking from sleep, slight BWeat ali over, with 
itching aU over the body tnat compelled scratching. [Lr,] 

General coldness and chilliness. 

In the morning cold in the body, without sensation of chilliness. 

(Rigor with trembling, towards evening, without thirst and not 
foUowed by beat.) 

Chilliness and febrile drawing in the limbs, without subsequent 
310. Chilliness, as though he were sprinkled with cold water on one 
part or another. 

Shivering and chilliness, for twenty-four hours, with goose-skin, 
without external coldness. 

By day, much thirst, and in the evening, febrile chili, shorcly 
before going to sleep. [Beh,'] 

In the forenoon he is very chilly. [-Rs.] 

In the morning in bed, severe chili ; he cannot get warm. 

315. Sometimes more, sometimes less febrile coldness, with shivering 
ali over, for three days, without heat, but with thirst for cold water, 
virith heat in the palate. [Beh,'] 

ChillinesB, without subsequent heat ; the rest of the 
body was warm, only the limbs were extemally cold 

(aft. 2 h.). [Hrr.] 

Bugor over the whole back, with rather hot cheeks 
and hot forehead, without redness of face or thirst, with 

cold hands (aft. | and 2f h.). [Lr.] 

Whcn he perspires while walting, the sweat on the forehead has 
a bad, sour smeli. 

He becomes immediately warm and hot while walking, and 
perspires on bis forehead. 
320. oudden perspiration, when walking in the open air, mingled with 

lU-smelling sweat ali over the body, even the hair of the head 
was wet. 

He perspires, and cannot bear to be covered by the bed-clothes. 

Perspiration ali night long, from evening till morning (aft. 4 h.). 

Heat ali over, without thirst. 
325. (Much thirst : he must drink even at night.) 

Palpitation of the heart. 


Easily startled. 

Ali oay long» discontented with bis fellow-creatures, 
Which at last amounted to misanthropy. [Lr.] 

330. Morose humour, with much restlessness and fìckleness ; he cannot 

reflect steadily or work quietly. [Lr.] 
Crossness, surly disposition. 
Cross ì everything is disagreeable to him. [Fz,] 
Cross : he retired into solitude,and almost weepinghe longed for 

death. [Lr.] 

LEDUM. 59 

He is disposed to be angry and cross. 
335. Passionate : he easily gives way to angry expressions. [Fz."] 

Ali day long great seriousness ; he regarded everything that 
happened to hi m in a serìous and thoughtful manner. \_Lr.] 

Ali day long quiet and silent humour, with cheerfulness and 
gaiety.* [Lr,"] 

Cairn and happy disposition with love forworkand self-content.*^ 

* Curative action, reaction ot the organism. 


To the ordinary mechanical, materialistic, and atomistic heads — and 
there is a vast number of such — it seemed not only paradoxical, but 
childish and incredible, that, according to the homceopathic medicai 
doctrine, the administration of doses of only very minute fractions of a 
grain of the more powerful medicines could be of use. 

I grant that it may certainly be more convtnient to regard ali dis- 
eases as accumulations of gross impurities, and active drugs as rough 
levers and brooms, or as chemical reagents, consequently as palpable 
things. This may, I repeat, be more convenìent than to regard those 
alterations of the being of living creatures (diseases) as pure dyna- 
mical affections of the vital force, and medicines as pure, virtual, tone- 
alterìng powers, as they are in reality, and to set about curing accord- 
ine to these views. 

If we do not adopt these true views, but adhere to those ordinary 
material ones, the curative powers of medicines must be estimated 
according to their bulk and the weight of their dose \ and hence the 
scales must determine the efficacy of the dose. But in that case we 
must first ascertain the weight of the disease, in order to be able to 
reckon whether a disease weighing so many pounds (it has, indeed, been 
hitherto not unusual to employ the phrase ^^ grave illness^') could be 
prized out, as with a lever, by such and such a weight of medicine.*^ 

I willingly abandon to those coUeagues of mine such atomistic views, 
by which the business of treatment can be carried on very comfortably, 
even when half asieep i fbr, as we ali know, to us poor mortals nothing is 
more easy of comprehension than the material, ponderable, palpable, and 
sensible, because much thinking (and observing), as an Israelitish teacher 
sajrs, is a weariness to the body. I cannot suppose them capable of 

* The therapeutic aims, according to the ideas of Reil, Ackermann, Reich, 
ud othen (they cali them syttems), aopear to be more refined, but they are not less 
mechanical and atomistic. For how heavy must not those substances be, which, 
employed as medicines, hare to put to rìghts the altered fbnn of the simple paits in 
a diseased body weighine a hundred and dfty pounds ? What quandty of oxygen, 
hydrogen, or nitrogen wul be reauired in order to supply in mass and weight one of 
these substances presumably dencient in a collectìon or morbid humours weighing 
fbrty or fifty pounds? Or can medicai chemistry act otherwise in the diseased 
body than with masses, by the addition or subtraction of material substances accord- 
ing to measurement aAd weight > 

> From Tol. ii, srd edit., 1S33. 


r^arding diseases as immaterìal alteradoos of the vitality, as pure 
dynamic denuigements of our state of health, and medicinal powers as 
merely virtuale almost spiritual, fbrces. It is impossible to disabuse them 
of the idea that fbr such and such a grave disease a dose of medicine of 
8uch and such a weight is required, seeing that thejr could point to the 
traditional practice of thousands of vears, when padpable quantities of 
medicine must always he poured into the patient firom large bottles, pots, 
and boxes, in order that any eSect should he produced in serìous diseases, 
and jet even this did not usually succetd. I can readily believe this ; the 
efièct of the ordinary treatment of ali times fiiUy corroborates it ! But 
how can they reconcile it with the atomistic, materìalistic notions they 
entertain respecdng the action of medicìnes and their curative powers, 
that a single imponderabU spark from a Leyden jar gives a shock to the 
strongest man, and jret no ascertainable ponderable substance is commu- 
nicated to bis body ? How can they reconcile with their atomistic, 
materialistic|notions, the enormous power of mesmerism, when a power- 
fìil man with a strong will to do good approaches the point of hìs thumb 
to the pit of the stomach of a nervous patient ? How can they, finally, 
reconcile with their atomistic, materìalistic notions respecting the actions 
of medicines the fact that a carefully-constructed magneticsteel rod can 
effect such a powerful derangement of our health, even when it is not in 
actual contact with the body, but may even be covered with some 
thick material (such as clotb^ bladder, glass, &c.), so that we suflèr 
therefrom violent morbid aiFections \ or, what is equally remarkable, 
that a magnetic rod can quickly and permanently cure the most severe 
disease for whìch it is the suitabìe medicine, when it is brought near the 
body, for but a short time, even though covered as above described ? 
Atomist ! you narrow-minded wiseacre I teli me what ponderable quan- 
tity of the magnet entered the body in order to effect these often enor- 
mous changes in ìts state of health ? Is not the centillionth of a grain 
(a firaction of a grain that has 600 ciphers for its denominator) stili 
infinitely too heavy to represent this absolutely imponderable quantity, 
the kind of spirit that emanated from the magnetic rod into this living 
body ? Will vou now continue to express your amazement at the 
homceopathic doses of powerful medicines of the sextillionth, the octil- 
lionth, the decillionth of a grain, which are gross weights compared with 
this invisible magnetic power ? 

Tlie subjoined symptoms occurred from various powerful magnets 
brought in contact with varìous sensitive individuals, without distinc- 
tion of the poles. They were observed in experiments conducted for 
half a year for the purpose of ascertaining the proper and most 
efficacious mode of stroking the steel with magnets, in which a 
horse-shoe magnet capable of lifting twelve pounds was held in the 
hands, which were in contact with both poles for an hour at a time. 

The addidonal symptoms from general contact, taken from the works 
ot Andry and Thouret, of Unzer, and of de Harsu, also resulted 
from the application of the whole surface of various magnetic plates 
to the skin, consequently of both poles at once* 

The sjrmptoms observed from the two poles that foUow occurred from 


the contact of a powerful magnetic rod with healthv persons, fot ei^t 
to twelve minutes at a time^ seldom repeated severa! times. 

Although each of the poles, as will he seen from the symptoms 
recorded, presents something peculiar in its power of altering the 
human health, yet each of them seems, when applied twice or oftener, 
to produce alternating actions which resemble those of the oppoeite 

In order to efFect a cure the magnet must be applied in a much 
milder manner to enable it to act homoeopathically. For this purpose 
a maenetic rod, eighteen inches long, which can lift a quarter of a 
pouna at either pole, is more than sufficienti/ powerful,'^ if the pole 
selected, according to similarity of the symptoms to the case of disease, 
be brought in contact, or almost in contact for one minute only, with 
the afFected part or even with the tip of the finger. I bave even met 
with cases for which the contact of such a magnetic staff for only half 
a minute was an amply sufficient dose. 

But if the first application of the pole does not remove the whole 
disease^ we must not allow the application of the same pole to be 
repeated a second time^ just as in other homceopathic treatment it is 
not proper to give a second dose of the same medicine immediately 
and quickly after the first one. In such cases another medicine must 
be administered correspondine to the remaining morbid condition, or 
if the wrong pole bave been nrst selected, the opposite pole should be 

It Ì8 the same with magnets as with other medicinal agents ; their 
enantiopathic or palliative employment must be avoided where there 
it a homceopathic remedy that cures radically by similarity of symptoms. 
Therefbre, where we find only under the general magnet symptoms a 
homceopathic resemblance to the case of disease we wish to cure, and 
where we do not know which of the two poles is more especially 
indicated, we apply that one which offers the greatest number of similar 
symptoms. But if after applying this pole we observe an almost 
instantaneous disappearance of the ailments we wish to cure (or even 
the occurrence of other svmptoms not previously present) for half an 
hour, or only a quarter ot an hour, then we may be sure that the pole 
we applied was not the curative (homceopathic), but the palliative 
(enantiopathic) one. We shall soon be convinced of this by the 
speedy recurrence and increasing aggravation of the malady. But the 
practitioner who wishes to cure and not to experìment, will not wait 
for this aggravation, but when the sudden palliative relief has lasted 
but a quarter of an hour (and especially if new symptoms bave appeared) 
he will apply the opposite pole, but not for a longer time than he 
applied the palliative pole. This will first of ali remove the new 
symptoms, then cause a slight homceopathic aggravation of the 

* Indfed, a rod eight inchet long, wcighing half an ounce, which ^at the north 
pole) can lift four ounces of iron (which I magnetiscd to thit cxtcnt, and surrounded 
with soft, thin, ftilk-covered wirt, by which its magnetic power is retained undiminisbed 
for ever, in whatever direction it may He), has Utteny furnished me with ali the 
curative power to he expected from the mignet, by its application fbr a minute or 
cvta only haif a minuta. 


originai maladj, and finally effect the complete permanent cure by 
homGPopathy, as occurs with ali other medici nes selected according to 
similarity of symptoms (homoeopathically). 

A mild disposition, or a tendency to chilliness in the subject of 
treatment, directs the practitioner first to the north pole when he can 
only find the symptoms similar to those of the case in hand under the 
general magnet symptoms. 

The duration of action of a moderate dose of magnetic power is 
upwards of ten days. 

When the magnet has heen improperly selected, the resulting 
suiFerings, which are sometimes very severe, will be at least alleviated 
by the occasionai administration of small electrical doublé sparks. But 
they will be more generally and permanently removed by laying the 
outspread hand on a pretty larga zinc piate for hai fan hour. 

If the practitioner has to send the magnet as a remedv to a patient 
at a distance, he can, if he will, easily prepare one himself, by attendine 
to the foUowing directions, which I bave, after multiplied trials, found 
to be the best. 

We require for our purpose a rod of good German or English steel, 
about eight inches in length and two or two and a half lines in breadth 
and one line thick, which should be hardened spring-hard (not glass- 
hard), and a strong horse-shoe magnet that can lift from ten to twelve 

Now, in order to impart to the steel rod easily and rapidly the 
strongest magnetic power it is capable of obtaining in this way, the 
pian of stroking without regularity and ri^ht away over the rod, so that 
the pole of the magnet used for stroking, is as it were torn away at the 
end of the rod^ is improper, for the magnetic power communicated to 
the rod during the streme is to a great extent taken away again thereby, 
and cannot be replaced by frequent repetition of the stroking. 

Hence the stroking pole of the magnet must, each time it is brought 
almost to the end of the rod, be made to slide over a sharpened soft tin 
piate that covers the extreme end of the rod, whereby an imperceptible 
harmless transference is efFected from the rod to the piate, and the 
magnet can then be removed without injury from the rod we wish to 
magnetize, whose end lies beneath the tin piate. 

But the tin piate, where it covers the end of the rod^ must be bent 
and run underneath the rod, and come up over the opposite end of the 
rod, covering it in a similar manner, so that by means of this strip of 
tin piate a connection of the magnetic stream is maintained between 
both poles of the rod. 

For this purpose, we take a strip of thin, soft tin piate, some lines 
longer than the rod to be magnetized ; the rod is laid upon it, then the 
ends of the strip of tin piate must be bent in the form of a hook over 
the ends of the rod, so that the poles of the rod are covered by these 
hooked extremities to a very small extent, but they noust He in dose 
contact with the poles of the rod, and their extremities being 
sharpened they will lie on the ends of the poles of the rod quite thin, so 
that, in stroking, the magnet passes without an obstacle just before the 
end of the roa 00 to tHis extremities of the tin plate^ sUdes ovpr the 


latter^ and thus can be drawn from the end of the tin piate without 

Eachof the endsof the tin piate, bent into the forni of a hook, should 
bc marked, one with N (north), the other with S (south), and the N 
end should lie horizontally pointing to the north, and continue to lie 
in this position until the completion of the magnetization of the steei 

The rod itself must be marked exactly in its middle with chalk, ink, 
or something similar. The two halves made thereby are each marked 
with two strokes, one of which is placed on the second third of the 
remaining portion, as shown by the points indicated below : 

S. r ^ a ^ r N. 

• : ' t 



The figure represents the rod enclosed in its tin-platc clamp, whìlst the latter 
remaini lying with its N end directed towards the north. 

Then thesouth pole of the horse-shoe magnet is placed perpendicularly 
on the middle of the rod (at a) and stroked ali over its north half and on to 
the bcnt-over end of the tin piate (N) and drawn away from this. It is 
now made to dcscribe a great circle in the air and brought back and 
placed on the second point of the rod (at h)^ and another stroke ismade 
from this point to over the (N) end of the tin piate. The horse-shoe 
magnet is again liftcd, made to dcscribe a circle, and its south pole 
placed on the third and last point (at r) and drawn along this short 
spacc to over the covering end of the piate and then taken away. 

The rod is now taken out of its tin piate clamp, which is to be loft 
lying undisturbed, and the stroked end of the rod is marked with N \ it 
has bccome the north pole. The rod is now to be turned round and 
inscrtcd into the tin piate clamp so that the already magnetised north end 
of the rod shall lie under the extremity of the tin piate clamp marked 
with S, whilst the unmagnetized end of the rod lies under the N end of 
the clamp. 

The stroking of the south pole of the rod is to be also made towards 
the north (though it is the south pole that is to be stroked] over the N end 
of the tin piate clamp ; for this remains alwavs with its N-end directed 
towards the north of the compass (it is only the rod that has been 
turned round). 

We take the north pole of the horse-shoe magnet, set it in the 
middle of the rod {a) and again stroke towards the north upon the 
rod and over the N end of the clamp, we then set it'on the south side 
of the rod (at ^), stroke it alone, and lastly set it at Cy and stroke it 
over the N end of the clamp. In this way the south pole of the rod 
is made, and marked with S (south pole). 

The rod is now removed fì'om the tin piate clamp, and now it is as 
fiilly magnctized as it is possible to make it with the horse-shoe 
magnet, by means of these six strokes (three on each half of the rod). 


We take a piece of fir wood of the length of the rod and cut a 
groove in it, in which the magnetised rod is accurately fitted and sent 
in this way to the patient, the north pole of the rod bieing indicated on 
the wooden receptacle by the letter N. 

For medicina! purposes the patient touches the indicated pole of the 
magnetized rod (which is not removed fìrom its wooden case) for half 
a minute^ one minute, or a minute and a half^ according as the nature 
of his disease or the strength of the patient requires. 

[Ha HN E MANN was assisted in his proving of the north pole of the magnet by 
Franz, Gùnther, Harnisch» Hartmann, Hempel^Langhammir, Michler; 
in that of the south pole by Franz, Harnisch, Kummer, Staff. 

For S3anptoms of the magnet generally the following authorìties are quoted : 

Andry et Thouret, Beobacht, uber dtn Gekrauch des Mietuti, Leipzig, 17S5. 

De Harsu, Reauil des effets salutaires de tatmoMi, Genera, 1781. 

Reichel, J. Dan., Diss de magnetisnui in corpore kumano, Leipzig, 171 1. 

Unzer, JOH. Christofh., BeschreibungeimesmùtMagHetengemackteumedifùmisckem 
Fersuchs. Hamburg, 1775. 

For north and south pole symptoms the following : 

De Harsu (as above). 

Heinicke, Ideen und BeobacAtumgem uber denthierùcken Magnetiswou, Bremen, 1800. 

Weber, Chtfh., fFirkm^ett des kinstlichen Magnets, Hannover, 1767. 

None of these authorìties are accessible. 

Someof the complex symptoms under Magnetis p. arcticus, though said to beobserved 
by difFerent provers, are curìously alike, such as 384 and 391, 445 and 446, 447 and 
448. The numbering of the symptoms has been very carelessly done, owing doubt- 
less to the neglect of the transcrìber. 

In the ist edit. Magnes has 194 symptoms, M. p. arcticus 150, and M. p. australis 
%%$, In the and edit. Magnes has 393 symptoms, M. p. arcticus 453, and M. p. 
australis 387. In this last edition the symptoms of Magnes bave only been increased 
by five, to Óiose of M. p. arcticus six bave been added, and those of M. p. australis 
remain the same.] 


(General cfFects of the magnet when touched on ali parts, the hands being brought 
in contact with both poles, or the magnet lying ali its length on the skin.) 

In the evening after lying down in bed a vertigo as if he would 
filli (soon passing off) . 

In the evening after lying down a kind of vertigo^ like a sudden 
jerk passing through the head. 

When walking he loses his equilibrium from time to time and 
sta^ers, without being aware of any vertigo. 

The objects of vision seem to hover in an undecided place and to 
sway ; hence he also sways when making a step and walking. 
5. When he tries to remember anything, and exerts his memory, he 
gets headache. 

Vertigo. [Andry et Thouret, Beobacht. uber den Gebrauch des 
MagnetSy Leipzig, 1785, p. 232.] 

Rushing noise in the whole head (from magncts lying flat on the 
thighs and legs, also on the chest). [Joh. Christoph. Unzer, 
Beschreibung eines mit kunstlichen Magneten gemachten medizinischen 
Fersuchsy Hamburg, 17 75, p. 40.] 
voi,. II. 5 


Dazedness of the head, as from opium. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 14.] 

Head dazed, and sensation in it as if some one tried to draw it 
away from the body. [Unzer, 1. c, p. 23.] 

IO. Sensation in the head, as if the head and the whole body would 
be pressed down. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 64.] 

Headache. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 232.] 

Shock in the head and right shoulder with shivering. [Unzer^ 
1. e, p. 12.] 

Transient headache^ a single jerk^ compounded of twitching and 

In the middle of one half of the brain a sharp pain, such as is felt 
in the first instant of a blow on it. 

15. Headache in the morning, immediately after opening the eyes, as 
if bruised, which goes off after rising from bed. 

In the morning, at the instant of waking, a furious, digging, stu- 
pefying headache, as in typhoid fever, which goes off immediately 
when flatulent movements take place in the abdomen. 

(Headache such as occurs from a chili.) 

From a slight vexation a headache, as from a sharp impression on 
a small point of the brain.* 

In the region of the crown on a small spot of the brain pain as 
from the impress of a blunt nail ; the spot is also painfiil externally 
to the touch (aft. i h.). 
20. In the morning after rising from bed, headache, almost as if the 
brain were raised up from its base, which goes off after yawning. 

Pimples on the hairy-scalp (with phthiriasis). [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. c, p. 219.] 

Along with cold hands, heat of face, and smarting sensation in the 
skin of the fece. 

Intolerable burning pricksf in the muscles of the face, in the 

In the eye burning, tearing, and sparkling. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 20.] 
25. Burning drawing andjcontinual sparks in the affected eye. [Unzer, 
1. Cj p. lo.J 

Fiery sparks before the eyes, like falling stars. [J. Dan. Reichel, 
Diis. de magnetismo in corpore fiumano^ Lips., 1712.] 

Painful stitches through the right eye, which lost themselves in 
the jaw, and then a tug through this eye down the neck, through 
the chest, abdomen, and hips, to the i^right leg. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 101.] 

Sensation in the eye as from the pendulum of a clock. [Reichel, 
1. e] 

On moving the body, particularly the arms, profuse sweat on the 
head and fece. 

30. Sweat on the face without heat, in the morning. 

Dilated pupils. 

* Ignatia removed this immediately, conformably with its homcropathic symptoms 
35, 184. [These fìgures seem to be wrong, probably SS. 59 and 297 are meant.] 
f Without any admixture of itching. 


Along with activity of the mind and body, dilated pupils (aft. 
24 h.) . 

Durine the unconscious convulsive attacks the pupils were not 
dilated. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 140.] 

Beyond the visual point and the line of sight, white light-spots 
quiver with great rapidity round about at the side as in reflexion,* in 
the dusk of the evening. 
35. In the evening after lying down, a smarting in the eyes, as fronti 
acrid tears. 

Itching of the eyelids towards the outer canthus. 

Itching of the eyelids and eyebails in the inner canthus. 

Dryness of the eyelids and of the inside of the mouth, in the 
morning after waking. 

Inflammation of the eyelids. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 70.] 
40. Feeling of dryness of the eyelids (aft. 4 h.). 

The lower eyelid quivers (aft. i h.). 

A quantity of mucus escapes from the eyes, nose, and ears. 
[Reichel, 1. e] 

The external ear feels to him hot, and yet it is not so. 

Itching in the auditory organ. 
45. In the morning in bed^ itching burning in the meatus audi- 

A pimpleon the antitragus of the ear, which itches ; this itching 
does not go off by scratching, which causes pain in addition* 

A fine whistling in the ear, but intermittent, like the beat of the 

Loud, strong rushing noise in one ear, and at the same time some 
headache on the same side, as if a foreign body were in the brain there, 
at the same time the pupi! on that side is much dilated (after touching 
the middle of the magnet). 

Heat of the ear to which the magnet was applicd. [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. e, p. 234.] 
50. Rushing noise before the cars. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 23.] 

In the ear, noise like boiling water. [Reichel, 1. e] 

In the ear, electric shocks. Reichel, 1. e] 

Deafness without noise in the ear. 

Pain in the cheek and ear. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 252.] 
55. On asmall spot under the ala nasi, burning pain (aft. i h.). 

lUusion of smeli : smeli before the nose, like dung (aft. \ h.). 

Illusion of smeli : from time to time he imagines he perceives a 
smeli before the nose like what comes from a clothes chest that has 
long been shut up. 

Near the red border of the upper lip, not far from the commissure, 
a white pimple, or a red inflamed lump, which pains as if sore per se^ 
but most when moving and touching the part. 

On the inside of the lower lip, a small ulcer^ painful when 
60. Painful sensitivcness round about the border of the lips. 

Metallic tastc on one side of the tongue. 
* Almost the affection called by Marcvs Herz " false vertìgo**^ 


Burning of the tongue and pain of it when eating. [Unzer, 1. e. 

p. 112.] 

In the periosteum of the upper jaw, a jerking tearìng pain, like 
jerks compounded of tearing, boring, shooting and burning, extending 
to the orbit. 

In the facial boncs, especially the antrum of the upper jaw, a 
twitching tearing pain in the evening. 
65. BIows on the jaws. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 26.] 

Trembling of the chin and neck. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 25.] 

Dislocation pain in the maxillary joint. 

Pain of the front teeth on drinking some cold liquid i the cold 
penetrates into the teeth when drinking cold liquid. 

The tooth is pain fui from air entering the mouth ; the air 
penetrates painfully into the tooth. 
70. Drawing pain in the jaws to the tempie, with a sensation as of 
cramp in the masseter muscles. 

Looseness of the teeth. 

A blow with burning in the teeth. [Unzer, 1. e. p. 33.] 

The tooth is paìnful when chewing, 

Toothache excited by stooping (aft. 24 h.). 
75. Toothache : a tapping or twitching aching only in single jerks. 

A violent throbbing in the teeth, even without any exciting 

The gum of a hollow tooth is swollen and pain fui when touched. 

Toothache only in the hollow carious teeth. 

In the roots of the lower incisors, a monotonous pain as if bruised, 
sore, or as if it were corroded by something. 
8o. Pain in the palate as after swallowing a large mouthful. 

In the morning, in the open air, the submaxillary gland is painful 
as if it were swollen (aft. 12 h.). 

Tensive pain in the anterior submaxillary gland. 

In the submaxillary glands single obtuse stitches, in the evening. 

A hard pressure in the lower part of the thyroid cartilage of the 
85. Pimples under the chin on the neck with itching per scy which is 
increased by touching, and with a simple sore pain. 

Swelling of the neck, redness of the face and stronger palpitation 
of the heart.* [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 235.] 

Copious accumulation of saliva in the mouth, almost like ptyalism, 
with pains in the submaxillary glands. 

Copious accumulation of saliva in the mouth. [Reichel, 1. e] 

Every evening, flow of saliva, with swollen lips. 
90. Along with clean tongue, especially in the morning, foetid smeli 
from the mouth, which he did not himself perceive. 

In the morning, foetid smeli from the mouth, with much mucus 
in the throat. 

Persistent foetorof the mouth, which he does not himself perceive, 
as in active mercurial salivation. 

* In a person subject to palpitation of the heart, when the magnet is brought near 


Hunger (immediately). 

Hunger, especiaUy in the evening. 

95. He has appetite, but the food is without taste. 

He has hunger and appetite, but no taste of the food ; mucus in 
the mouth seems to deprive him of taste (immediately). 

He has longing for tobacco, milk, beer, and thcy are reh'shed ; 
but scarcely has he begun to partake of them when he is ali at once 
satiated, and can only take very little of them (aft. 16 h.). 

Disgust at tobacco smoking, as if he had become satiated with it, 
although it does not taste disagreeably. 

He has no appetite, without, however, experfencing loathing or 
bad taste. 
100. Want of hunger, without repugnance, satiety or bad taste 

When he smokes tobacco it has no taste, and only stings his 
tongue (immediately). 

Beer has no taste, it tastes like water merely. 

Some things seem to him to taste mouldy, though they have 
really a good unspoiied taste (aft. i h.). 

Éructation of the smeli and taste of fìled or turned horn- 
105. The éructation has the taste of the food, but it is a spoilt taste. 

Attacks of frequent éructation, which is in part incomplete and 
not perfectly performed. 

Ineffectual efforts to eructate, incomplete éructation (aft. i h.). 

When he stoops acid rises up from the stomach into the mouth. 

Pain like a band pressing over the stomach, felt in both sides. 
[Unzer, 1. c, p. III.] 
Jio. A rushing mingied with stitches through the stomach and bowels. 

Aching in the stomach, with spasms, which rise up to the upper 
parts i restlessness that does not permit him to remain in any one 
place ; heaviness of the tongue, paleness of the face, and coldness of 
the body, with very smalT, tense, irregular pulse.* [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. e, p. 155.] 

A crepitation and creaking in the scrobiculus cordis, as when a 
clock is wound up. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 174.] 

In the region of the diaphragm, sensation ofagreeable distension. 
[Andry et Thouret, 1. e. p. 232.] 

Pressure as from a stone in the epigastric region, especially on 
making an efFort to think (aft. 2 h.). 
115. Tensive aching and anxious fulness in the epigastrium (im- 

Movement of flatulence in the abdomen, with loud rumbling, 
without pain. 

Great rumbling in the abdomen. [Unzer, 1. e. p. 98.] 

Burning and rooting in the abdomen, like a heaving. [Un:^er, 
1. e, p. 23!] 

The flatulence went hither and thither in the abdomen, with 

• This array of symptoms rcciirred daily at the same hour, but always getting 
frtiK^Ty for ten days, ii; three women. 


sharp aching pain and audible rumbling in small spots here and 
120. In the morning, after waking, in bed, the flatulence makes a 
commotion in the abdomen with rumbling and bowling. 

Loud, but painless, rumbling, especially in the small intestines, 
to dose underneath the os pubis and in the iliac region, which can be 
felt by the band laid on, as if a diarrhoeic stool would come away, 
although nothing or only a small, short discharge of flatus ensues. 

Short snaps of flatus are discharged with loud noise and pains in 
the anus, as if forced away.f 

Very loud rattling and rumbling in the abdomen, in 

the morning in bed ^ ^llowed by colie, as from displaced flatu- 

Flatulence immediately after eating. 
125. Putrid fermentation in the bowels ; the flatus discharged is very 
fcetid and hot (aft. 12, 24 h.). 

Straining and urging to stool in the bowels. [Andry et Thouret, 
1. e, p. 130.] 

A qualmish sensation and painfulness as from a resinous purgative 
or rhubarb in the bowels, with hot, foetid flatus, passed with pain. 

He feels sick and sore in bis bowels — pains in the bowels as if 
they were bruised, with nausea as if after taking purgatives, foetid 
flatus and diarrhoea (aft. 16 h.). 

Before each discharge of flatus, pinching in the abdomen. 
130. Soon after stool pain in one side of the abdomen. 

Threatened protrusion of a hernia (aft. \ h.). 

A tensive and at the same time burning pain in the epigastrium 
and hypogastrium, and thereafter a drawing and tensive pain in the 
calves (aft 20 h.). 

Itching in the navel itself. 

In the morning frequent, almost inefFectual irritation to diarrhcea, 
alternating with rumbling of the restless flatulence in the abdomen. 
135. Diarrhoea without pain in the abdomen. 

Painless faecal diarrhoea^ mingled with flatus (aft. 12 h.). 

Diarrhcea for several days. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e. p. 143.] 

Diarrhoea. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e. p. 220.] 

Constipation of the bowels for several days, with headache, as 
from an obstruction in the brain, which involves the head almost 
uniformly, with peevish, impatient humour. 
140. Constipation as if the rectum were narrowed and contractcd 
(aft. 36 h.). 

jÙter the stool violent hsemorrboidal pain in the anus, 
(sere) as from a wound, and a constrictive sensation more 
in the rectum than in the anus. 

When sitting, a burning in the anus as in a kind of haemorrhoids. 
Itching haemorrhoids. 

After a soft stool blind haemorrhoids, as if the piles at the edge 
of the anus were sore, when sitting and walking. 

* After touching the magnet in the middle, 
f After touching the middle of the magnet. 


145. H8&morrhoÌdalfltlX. [De Harsu, Recueil des effets de raimanty 
Genève, 1782, p, 26.] 

Prolapsus of the rectum when at stool. 

Pain compounded of itching and soreness^ on both sides of the 
anus, when walking in the open air. 

Frequent discharge of urine. [Unzer, 1. e. p. 15.] 

Some minutes after micturition a burning in the bladder, especially 
in the neck of the bladder. 
150. In the urethra, near the caput galh'naginis^ a burning during the 
ejaculation of the semen in the act of coitus. 

In the morning on awaking a burning in the region of the seminai 

In the morning on awaking, a burning itching in the region of the 
seminai vesicle^ or at the caput gallinaginis in the urethra, which 
excites to coitus ; the burning is increased at that spot during 

In the morning after sunrise profound sleep full of lasci vious 
dreams, after waking. 

Inclination of the genital organs to emission of semen, and an 
inguinal hernia tends to protrude, with some pain. 
155. Pain in the inguinal region, as in the protrusion of a hernia."^ 

Noctumal pollution (aft. some h.). 

Sexual desire (aft. 12 h.). 

When walking erection of the penis, without amorous thoughts. 

In the morning, in bed, Constant erections of the penis, without 
amorous thoughts. 

160. Absence of sexual desire, disinclination for coitus. 

The penis remains soft during ali amorous excitement (im- 

The prepuce is retracted behind the glans penis and 

does noi cover it at ali, or only to a very small extent. 

Swelling of the epididymis and simple pain thereof, on moving or 
touching it. 

Itching smarting on the inner surface of the prepuce (aft. 2 h.). 
165. Burning smarting under the prepuce (immediately). 

The metrorrhagia increased. t [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 

The menstrual discharge that had ceased for some days came 
back the next day after applying the magnet, and continued to flow 
for ten days. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 155.] 

The catamenia, which had ceased ten days previously, returned 
after applying the magnet, but only lasted the usuai time. [Andry 
et Thouret, 1. e, p. 155.] 

. * * . * 

In the evening very frequent sneezing ; then coryza drops out of 
one nostrìl, whilst the other is free and open. 
170. Epistaxis. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 73.] 

Quickly occurring, and as quickly ceasing coryza. 

• After touching the middle of the magnet. 
-j* In an old woroan. 


(A kind of catarrh) (aft. 12 d.). [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, 

P- 155.] 

Frcquent fits ofcoughing,at night — ^which do not wake him up. 

In the evening after lying down^ a violent fit of dry cough ; also 
durìng sleep (before midnight). 
175. At night and at other times a violent, but short fìt of dry COUgh, 
after which there comes a slight expectoration of ordinary tracheal 
mucus (aft. some h.). 

Convulsive cough (immediately). 

Sobbing breathing. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 50.] 

Mucus in the trachea, which is easily expelled by 

short cough (voluntary tussiculation), in the evening and morning 
(aft. 24 h.). 

After midnight when lying awake and thinking, tightness of the 
chest on account of mucus on the chest, which is diminished by 
180. After midnight when lying awake and thinking, spasmodic cough. 

Oppression on the chest, i,e, viscid mucus adherent to the anterior 
part of the windpipe, which, however, can be detached by voluntary 
short cough. 

Fits of violent, dry cough, by which smarting and burning tears 
are forced from the eyes. 

Violent fit of coughing, with copious expectoration of blood 
(aft. 6 d.). [De Harsu, 1. e, p. 27.] 

Spasmodic cough with blows and anxious respiration and visible 
oppression of the chest. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 41.] 
185. Intolerable burning stitches in the lateral muscles of the chest 
towards the back. 

Pressure on the chest (aft. 4 d.). [De Harsu, 1. e, p. 27.] 

Shooting in the chest and a cold shuddering burning through the 
whole body. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 21.] 

Blow on the upper part of the sternum, which excites cough and 
watering of the eyes. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 41.] 

Great oppression on the chest, tearing in the stomach and bowels 
and throbbing in the shoulders. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 85.] 
190. Tearing intermingled with shooting in the right side. [Unzer, 
1. e, p. 12!] 

Tearing from the right side into the internai parts of the body, 
mixed with shocks and shooting, just as if small pieces of flesh would 
be torn out, or sparks of fire were emitted. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 12.] 

From the middle of the chest four burning streams towards the 
back and sacrum, with anxiety and sensation as if the parts were cut 
to pieces, and divided. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 65.] 

Burning tug from the left shoulder through the chest on its right 
side, just as if parts were separated. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 16.] 

Burning tug from the stomach through the abdomen and back, 
whence the streams, divided in the sacrum, went towards the lower 
extremities. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 20.] 
195. Blow or jerk in the sacrum, which almost takes away the breath« 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 113.] 


A burning in the spine. [De Harsu, 1. e, p. 25.] 

In the morning a painful stifFness in the cervical vertebra^ on 
moving (aft. 12 h.). 

In the morning a cracking in the cervical vertebrae on moving. 

Pain in the cervical muscles which goes from the shoulder to the 
linguai bone, as if cramp would occur there. 
200. Backache when standing and sitting stili. 

Twitching of the dorsal muscles and sensation as if something 
alive were in them. 

Pain in the sacrai articulation in the morning in bed, 
when lying on the side, and by day during prolonged 
stooping forwards. 

Spasmodic pressure betwixt the scapulae (aft. 5 d.). [De Harsu, 
1. e, p. 27.] 

Pain in the shoulder-joint (or the ligaments of the joint), as if it 
were dislocated and had fallen out (not merely as if sprained or 
205. Throbbing on the shoulder with sensation as if it were lacerated. 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 37.] 

Shocks on the shoulders whereby the arms were propelled for- 
wards. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 21.] 

Shocks in the joints of the arm and in the head, as if they were 
beaten with a small, light hàmmer. [Unzer, 1. e, p. ii.) 

Drawing pain in both shoulders and down the nape, with throb- 
bingin both arms. [UNzer, 1. e, p. 100.] 

Tugging in the joints and muscles of the arm, [Unzer, 1. e, 

p. 13-] . , 

210. A tugging in the ri?ht arm, a kind of digging round about the 

wrist, elbow, and shoulder-joints. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 12.] 

Pain in the muscles of the arm, as if they were slightly separated 
from one another. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 12.] 

Burning and cutting in the arms and chest, with cold shiver. 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 98.] 

Burning in the right arm, as from sparks of fire. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 16.] 

Here and there burning pain on the arm. [Unzer, 1, e, 
p. II.] 
215. Needle-pricks in the arm. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 11.] 

Gentle raising and also superposition of the arms, caused by 
spasm. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 50.] 

Spasmodic throwing of one arm somctimcs away from the body, 
sometimes upwards. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 47.] 

Bcating and throbbing in ali the joints of the arms and fingers. 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 74.] 

A deeply-seated pain in the arm as far as the elbow, during which 
the arm goes to sleep, and trembles spasmodically. [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. e, p. 220.] 
220. While remaining in a cold place there occurs a tearing twitching 
in the muscles of the arm. 

Hestlessness in the sound arm. 


Blows in the elbow, without pain [Unzer, 1. e, p. io.] 
Burning in the elbow-joint as if it were torn by hot pincers, 
with violent burning and sparkling of the eyes. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 


(On removing the magnet from the arms during unconsciousness, 
immediately bending of the fìngers, hands, arms, and complete con- 
traction of them.) [Unzer, 1. e, p. Si.] 
225. Drawing pain in the upper part of the forearm. 

In the evening (between 6 and 7 o'clock) a tearìng pain as from 
a bruise in the joints of the arm, more when at rest than when 
flexing the arm — which recurs after twenty-four hours. 

Gold feeling on the hands, the hands are icy cold ali day * (for 
severa! days). 

Pain on the wrist, as if a tetter were breaking out, or an electric 
shock went through it (aft. 48 h.). 

Drawing from the head te the tips of the fingers. 

[Unzer, 1. e, p. 11.] 
230. Gouty, digging, boring pain on a small spot on the distai thumb- 
joint, when at rest. 

In the evening after lying down in bed, a tearing in the thumb- 

In the morning in bed in the distai thumb-joint when moving 
and bending it back, a pain as if dislocated and bruised (aft. 48 h.). 

Continued pain in the distai thumb-joint, as if sprained or 

In the first and second joints of the thumb a bending and a 
kind of dislocated feeling (aft. 24 h.). 
235. Creeping, digging pain in the top of the thumb, in the evening 
after lying down. 

Quivering twitching in one part of the pai mar muscle of the 
thuml) and in the muscles of the chin. 

A long-continued burning stitch, combined with sore feeling in . 
the thickest part of the muscles of the ball of the thumb and in 
the calf; afterwards in the lower part of the tibia (aft. i h.). 

Shooting and burning in the tip of the middle finger. [Unzer, 

1. e, p. 13.] , 

Fingers disposed to knuckle over. 
240. In the evening the thighs and legs go to sleep. 

Pain from the hip down the lower extremity, as if the parts 
were slightly separated from one another. [Unzer, 1. e, p. »24.] 

A drawing through the hips to the feet, which left a burning 
everywhere. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 104.] 

Violent shocks of the right lower extremity, caused by a burning 
tug from the chin and neck down through the right side. [Unzer, 
1. e, p. 25.] 

Burning and fiery beat in the arms and legs, so that when the 
right leg touched the left, it felt as if the latter were set fire to by 
the former. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 38.] 
245. When sitting a creeping painful going to sleep of the thighs and 

♦ After touching the middle of the magnet. 


Icgs, which gocs off when walking. [Andry et Thourbt, I. e, 
p. 149.] 

Burning tearìng in the left thigh, mingled with running. 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 31.] 

Needle-pricks running down from the knees to the fcct, 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 66,] 

Stitches in the leg, [De Harsu, 1. e, p. 26.] 

Shocks in the knee, which cause the limb to be spasmodically 
extended. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 20.] 
250. Blow on the left knee. (Unzer, 1. e, p. 11.] 

On rising up after sitting a feeling in the upper part of the calf 
as if it were too short. 

After waking ftt>m sleep attacks of cramp in the calves and 

Cramp in the calf in the morning in bed on flexing the knee, 
and relaxation of the musei es.* 

In the fleshy parts on the outer side of the leg near the tibia 
pain as if bruised, in the evening when walking. 
255. In the morning after rising from bed when he seeks to make a 
step and to walk the foot is painful in the ankle-joint and above it, 
as if sprained. 

Pain in the outer ankle as if sprained or as from gout, on rising 
up from a seat and commencing to walk, but which goes off on 
continuing to walk (aft. some h.). 

Stitches in the ball of the hcel. 

In the heel a tearìng pain in jerks, which goes off immcdiately, 
but recurs from time to time. 

In the evening some stitches with a little burning in the soft 
part at the side of the heel (aft. 4 d.). 
260. Painful sensitiveness and sore pain at the root of the nail of the 
big toe and of the skin covering the root, even when touched. 

Under the nail of the big toe of both feet pain as if the shoe had 
pressed, as if sore and as if it would fester. 

A corn, previously without pain, is the seat of burning sore pain 
in the shoe on commencing to walk. 

Pain on the joints of the foot as if the shoe had pressed and there 
was a corn there (aft. ^ h.). 

Pain in the joints of the foot as from corns. 
265. Great chilliness ; when he comes out of the warm air (in the 
room) into the cold, immediately stufFed coryza. 

In the morning in bed, when lying on the side, in ^11 the joints 
where the cartilages of the heads of the joints touch one another a 
continued intolerable simple or bruised pain, which, however, imme- 
diately ceases on lying on the back with head leaning backwards, 
and with flexed knees qui te separated from one another. 

Bruised pain in the joints of the side on which he is not lying, 
in the evening in bed.f 

Bruised pain of ali the joints, or rheumatic pain in the ligaments 

• In the midst of amorous toying and excitement. 
f After touching the middle of the magnet. 



of the joints of :he arms and mi ili the joints of che tiionuL, back 
and nzpe^ vhen irovm^ and '.vhen brcathxng* 'aft. 12 h.). 

Pain as :f bruised, or simpie pain^ and paintiii sensìtiveness in the 
junction of the hones of ali the ioints, in the moming in iaed. 
170. Pain as :f .iniised. in sdì :hc *.^mts -.vherc the hrads of the 
articìilations rouch one another -vith :heir cartilages, when at rest 
and when Iving, '^ut mosc on naovement and exerrion. 

In ali the joinrs, especiailv of rhe sacnuxu loins^ and tiiorax, 2 
parai vtic pain^ or \s :f the joints were broken on the vrheel, smashed 
and bruised — wrorse when moving and standing — witfa a drawing 
and tcaring sensation^ especiailr in the ligaments of the joints and 
in the muscular rìbres at their osseous inserrions^^-especiaily in the 
moming alter rising and in the evening before lying down ;^-on 
grasping them extemaily the parts are not painml ; che pains are 
relievcd bv che discharge of datus j when the pain increases the eyes 
must be shut. 

Pain in ali the joints, in the moming after resting in bed, after 
rising and during movement. 

On moving the limbs, the joints are painful as if chey had been 

On moving a tingiing sensacon ot the limbs, like the feeling 
caused by knocicing the angle ot che elbow. 
175, The limbs go co sleep especially after rising from a scat and 
standing or wallcing. 

In the moming^ when lying in betL, on being excited to coitus 
(if he stead&stly resists it), he gets a kind of gouty pains^ somewhat 
as from a bruise or fàtigue in the sacrum^ the knees, and ali the 


A recent wound recommences to bleed. 

A wound that was almost healed commences to be painful like a 
recent wound. 

Small boils appear on various parts of the body, and soon gp off. 
080. Hcrc and there, e.g, under the ankle, corroding gnawing 


Itching occurs on the afFected parts, but after scratching the pain 
increases very much, like buraing on an excoriated spot. 

A simple rathcr persistent itching in the soft parts, which is not 
altered by scratching. 

After lying down (also during the siesta), bere and there below 
the joints, a burning itching which is not allayed by scratching. 

Here and there a sort of persistent itching prick, ending in a 
285. A burning prìcking pain, which persists more or less in various 
soft parts of tne body, not in the joints. 

Here and there single stitches in soft parts, e.g. in the ball of the 

When he has bccome warm in the evening after lying down, 
single burning stitches that end in snurting occur here and there. 

On a small spot, e.g. in the soles of the feet, a prìckling, 
* After tOYiching the middle of the magnet. 


grumbling pain, such as usually precedes the going to sleep of a 

Before falling asleep single twitchings in the body. 
290. In an ulcer a sharp pain as from a fresh wound. 

Burning tug from the head down the right side, followed imme- 
diately by sweat ali over the body with moderated temperature. 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. II.] 

Burning tugs through ali parts in different directions. [Unzer, 
1. e, p. 3f.] 

Intolerable burning from the head to the feet with pain as if ali 
the limbs were bruised and lacerated. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 108.] 

Burning and shooting pains. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 26.] 
295. During ali the burning pains in the parts there was observed 
neither external heat nor redness of the parts. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 136.] 

Sensation of flying sparks of fire on the body. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 116.] 

Moaning about laceration of ali the parts. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 32.] 
Heaviness in ali the limbs and palpitation of the heart."*^ [Andry 
et Thouret, 1. e, p. 152.] 

Dull, numb pain. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 100.] 
300. (Nocturnal pains.) [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 130.] 

Drawing and shooting pain mingled with itching. [Andry et 
Thouret, T. e, p. 219.] 

Drawing pain. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 220.] 
Shuddering drawing through the whole body. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 14.] 

A tug through the whole body almost like a shudder. [Unzer, 
1. e, p. 12.] 
305. Joints painful to the touch. [Unzer, 1, e, p. no.] 

Pain of the part to which the magnet is applied, as from the near 
approach of red-hot coals. [Unzer, 1. e, p. io.] 

A formication as if ali the humours accumulated at the part 
where the magnet lay. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 130.] 

On the chest (at the part where the magnet was applied) small 
pimples. [Andry et Thouret, 1, e, p. 149.] 

(At the place where the magnet was applied) a very itchy erup- 
tion. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 159.] 
310. Under the applied magnet the skin is painful and excoriated, 
and round about are itch-like pimples fìlled with pus. [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. e, p. 1 76.] 

Red eruption, red spots (at the part where the magnet was 
applied ?). [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 196.] 

Red eruption, like vesicles, in the palms of the hands. [Unzer, 

'. e., p. 33.] 

At the part where the magnet is applied a burning itching^ 
which compels him to scratch till the blood comes ; the skin is red, 
and round about there are small papules, which soon go ofF. [Andry 
et Thouret, 1. e, pp. 214, 215.] 

* After leaving off the accustomed application of the magnet. 


Round about the part where the magnet is applied eruption of 
large pimples. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 220.] 
315. At the part where the magnet is applied there occur deep little 
ulcers, the size of lentils. [Andry et Thouret, 1, e, p. 219.] 

Widely extended eruption of pimples and even of pocks, with 
drawing and shooting pain, — also red spots round about. [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. e, pp. 241 — 243.] 

Discharge of a reddish fluid from the wound. [Andry et 
Thouret, 1. e, p. 128.] 

The spot where the magnet was applied goes to sleep, becomes 
numb and insensible. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 220.] 

Twitching. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 232.] 
320. A shock, so that the upper part of the body as far as the hips is 
forcibly bent upwards and forwards, with a cry. [Unzer, 1. e, 

P- 33.1 

When lying, the upper part of the body is spasmodically raised 

up (with a cry) as from a shock, so that the body is thrown forwards 

with the nose on the bed, and just as forcibly thrown backwards. 

[Unzer, 1. e, p. 29.] 

The upper part of the body spasmodically raised up and driven 
forwards, and thrown back upon one side. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 33.] 

(Frequent starting and raising up as fromshocks) violent shocks, 
which were followed by general trembling of the body, burning in 
the chest, through both arms, and sweat ali over. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 18.] 

Ali the convulsions from the magnet did not alter the pulse. 
[Unzer, 1. e, p. 136.] 
325. Shock like a start through the body, followed by sweat on both 
hands. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 18.] 

On rising from the (midday) siesta stiffness of the body when 

In the morning after rising great exhaustion with anxiety (aft. 
44 h.). 

Frightened, starting up with a cry, followed by sweat ali over the 
body. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 17.] 

Paralysis for ten days with loss of sensation, but with normal 
warmth and moisture of the limb. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, 
pp. 214, 215.] 
330. Shocks deprive him of consciousness. [Unzer, 1, e, p. 25.] 

The spasmodic raising up (and shocks) of the body forwards on 
to the bed are followed by long-continued unconsciousness, thereafter 
(p. 39) a blowing with the mouth, as if he felt great beat, where- 
upon consciousness and liveliness return. [Ukzer, 1. e, p. 32.] 

Unconsciousness with staring turned-up eyes, open mouth, 
almost imperceptible respiration, and with a movement in the chest 
resembling palpitation of the heart, with unaltered ordinary pulse. 
[Unzer, T. e, p. loi.] 

Duringthe unconsciousness moving ofeach finger in succession ; 
after the recurrence of consciousness profuse sweat. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 96.] 


Exhaustion in ali the limbs wìth a syncopc of short duration* 
recurring several times. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 155.] 
335. (Attacks of syncope, palpitation of the heart and suffocation.) f 
[Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 160.] 

Long-continued syncopes, during which she retained conscious- 
ness. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 196.] 

Syncope, wherein she feels the sufFerings, but on account of 
inability to speak or move cannot complain. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 48.] 

Syncopes. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 232.] 

He becomes exhausted immediately, without sleepiness, and 
wishes to partake of something of a cordial and strengthening 
character, but he knows not what (immediately). 
340. In the very early hours a waking slumber of several hours' dura- 
tion, but after sunrise stupefied sopor or profound sleep, full of tiresome 
passionate {e,g. vexatious) dreams, which ends with a headache as ir 
the whole brain were sore, this goes off after rising. 

Sleep with dreams full of distress and anxiety, like nightmare. 
(aft. 30 h.). 

Very vivid, lively dreams, as if an adventure occurred to him 
when awake. 

Dreams full of feasting, boasting and talking big. 

Dreamful sleep with open mouth. 
345. Waking up about 3 a.m. — after some hours' of dreamful slumber, 

theiiy without thirsty sensation of beat in the limbs, 
which he first wishes to have uncoveredy afterwards 
carefully covered up. 

He snores during sleep in the morning.J 

He wakes up from 3 a.m., but in the morning at sunrise his eye- 
lids dose and he lies in a state of stupefied slumber, full of tiresome 

In the morning he lies asleep on his back, one open 

hand lies under his OCCiput, the other over his stomach, with 
the knees spread OUt, with snoring during inspiration, with 
half-open moutn and low talking in sleep ; he dreams of amorous 
subjects and seminai emission (though none occurs) \ after waking, 
headache in the occiput, as after a pollution, tightness of the chest 

and^ bruised pain of ali the joints, which goes ofT after 

rising and moving the body, whilst a large quantity of catarrhal 
mucus is thrown up. 

Lascivious dream, even during the midday sleep, with discharge 
of prostatic fluid ; after waking the genitals are very much inclined 
to emit semen (aft. 2 h.) . 
350. At night, towards morning, waking sopor (during which he 
hears every noise and has some power of thinking), which after 
sunrise changes into a stupefied sopor, in which he ncither hears 
nor feels anything, except violent pains, as from a long journcy, and 

• These symptoms recurred in threc women daily at the same hour, for ten days, 
but they bccame always weaker. 

t After Icaring off the customary application of the magnet. 
X After touchmg the middle of the magnet. 



as if bniised in ali the joints, which compel him always to changc 
the place of his h'mbs, with loud nimbling in the abdomen, occa- 
sionally interrupted by discharge of flatus, and a disagreeable feeling 
of bodily heat ; durìng which he generally lies on his back, witl 
open mouth. After waking and opening the eyes the pains in the 
limbs soon diminish ; but instead thereof, there occurs a headache ci 
a similar character, which after rìsing changes into a headache sud 
as occurs at the commencement of a stufFed corjrza, but which soor 
goes oiF after sneezing and flow of mucus from one nostrìl. 

He wakes up about i a.m. 

In the morning, in sleep, sweat without heat, or bland copious 
exhalation of the whole body which does not weaken him (and go« 
ofF after waking). 

He talks in his sleep. 

Insensibility and (fotal) sopor. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, 
p. 115.] 
355. Moaning in sleep as from an anxious dream. [Unzer, 1. e, 
p. 14.] 

Sleep interrupted by groaning. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 25.] 

In his sleep he snores durìng inspiration but durìng expiration he 
breathes through his nose. 

Tossing about in bed during sleep. 

He throws himself about in bed at night and thinks he is 
uncomfortable in every place. 
360. In the morning, after waking up completely, flatulence accumu- 
lates in the hypogastrìum with loud rumbling ; flatus is discharged, 
there occurs great sneezing, copious flow of mucus from the nose, 
and yawning, ali which, however, soon go ofF. 

In the morning, on awaking from sleep, the mouth is covered 
with thick, almost dry mucus, and the eyelids are dry ; both go ofl 
after sneezing and discharge of nasal mucus. 

A mixture of cold and burning shiverìng ali over the body, which 
was extremely sensitive. [Unzer, 1. e, p. 28.] 

In the evening, before lying down, an attack of the symptoms of a 
catarrhal fever ; the shafts of the bones of the limbs are painful, as ii 
bruised in their middle, at the same time obtuse, obnubilating head- 
ache ; he is hoarse, and viscid mucus lies on his chest (in the trachea] 

(aft. 4 h.). 

After midnight fever : without shiverìng, disagreeable feeling of 
heat in the whole body, especially in the palms and soles, with dry- 
ness in the throat and sweat on the face, the nape, and, indeed, ali 
over the body. 
365. Fever for more than three days. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, 
p. 186.] 

Fever for fourteen days. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 1 76.] 

On the afFected part sensation of heat and formication. [Andry 
et Thouret, 1. c, pp. 214, 215.] 

Dry heat in the morning in bed. 

At night heat, without thirst, which desires and bears un- 

MAÓNÈà. 8i 

3^0. t)isagreeat)le, unpieasant warmth in the whole body, with sweat 
on the face, without thirst (immediately). 

Insensible perspiration over the whole body of a strong, not 
disagreeable empyreumatic odour, such as a healthy man exhales 
when perspiring freely. 

General sweat after midnight. 

Profuse sweat with frequent shlvering. [Unzer, 1. e, p. io8.] 

At night, gentle perspiration, particularly about the place the 
magnet is applied. [De Harsu, 1. e, p. 27.] 
375. Sweat (on the place where the magnet lies). [Andry et Thou- 
RET, 1. e, pp. 129, 130.] 

Profuse perspirations. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, pp. 214, 

>weat ali over the body especially on the back, in the morning 
during sleep.* 

While at his work during the day he talka aloud to him- 
selft Without knowing it (immediately). 

He is exhausted and yet extremely careful and eager to com- 
plete his work thoroughly. 
380. The greatest exhaustion of the body, with sensation of beat and 
cool sweat on the face, with restless and, as it were, strained, over- 
hurried activity. 

A zealous over-hurry, followed by pain in the arm and head of 
the shoulder (in the first hours). 

Over-hurried thoughtlessness and forgetfulness ; he says and 
does something diflèrent from what he meant to say and do, and 
leaves out letters, syllables and words. 

He exerts himself to do things^ and does quite the opposite of 
what he intended, against his own wish. 

Hesitating resolve, irresolution^ over-haste (immediately). 
385. He is distraught and cannot fix his attention on a single subject 

Ali around him seems as if in a kind of half-dream. 

Involuntary inattention : he cannot direct his attention, much as 
he wishes to do so, on a certain subject. 

When he reads everything seems quite clear on the paper, but he 
can with difficulty comprehend the sense of what he reads. 

Anxietv. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, p. 232.] 
390. At nignt vcry great anxiety with very strong palpitation of the 
heart. [Andry et Thoiiret, 1. e, p. 146.] 

He is easily startled by a noise. [Andry et Thouret, 1. e, 
p. 199.] 

very much disposed to get angry and indigiiant, and 

when he does get angry he has headache of a sore description (imme« 

He is easily vexed and gets suiFerings therefrom, especially head- 
ache, as from a nail pressed in. 


* After touching the middle of the magnet. 
t Like an ixuane penon* 
VOL. II. 6 


395. Resolution, consideration, strength of mind and body (with good 

easy digcstion).* 

In the morning tranquil disposition, cairn, serìous.* 
Phlegmatic, lazy disposition ; not inclined for any work, lassitude, 

and drowsinesst (aft. 5 h.). 

* Seems to be only curative action after a preyiout opposite disposition. 
f A rare altemating action. 


{North poli of the magnet,) 

(Vertigo, there is a whirling in the head and she feels as though 
she would fall on either side (immediately). 

Vertigo as if from intoxication, which compels him when standing 
to place the feet differenti/ in order to support the body (aft. 5 m.)- 
IHtn., Fz.] 

When walking in the open air vertigo so that he couid not tread 
firmly (aft. 26 h.). [£r.] 

When walking in the open air he staggcrs to and fro, as in ver- 
tigo (aft. 22 h.). [Xr.] 
5. In one side of the head a vertiginous drawing (aft. io m.). 

When she went up stairs, she has a drawing in the head from its 
centre to both ears alternately, like the pendulum of a clock. 

He is not quite conscious, cannot think accurately ; he feels as if 
the intelligence were suspended, and as if something in the brain 
pressed from above downwards and forced out the eyes ; a threatening 
of syncope. 

When walking he is as if intoxicated. 

Sensation of intoxication, like a humming in the head (aft. \ h.). 
IO. Confusion of the head, and longing for open air. 

Confusion of the head. [Mch. — De Harsu, 1. e, p. 135.]"*^ 

Weak memory ; but cheerful (aft. ih.). 

For two successive days he wakes up cach ti me from the after- 
noon nap with violent headache, as if the brain were bruised and 
conftised \ it is alleviated after waking, and goes off on getting up 
(aft. 3, 28 h.). 

A pain compounded of soreness and bruised feeling on the surface 
of the brain in the forehead and one tempie. 
15. Head as if bruised and smashed in one half of the brain (aft. 

Drawing headache on the left side (aft. 27 h.). [///;<.] 

In the rìght tempie drawing boring pain ; at the same time a 
spasmodic pain just below the left zygoma. [Afch.'\ 

A side shock in the head in the morning in bed. 

Behind the rìght ear a shock-like tearing in the head when walking 
in the open air, which gradually extends also to the front (aft. ^ h.). 
20. Behind the left ear a shock-Iike tearing in the head when sitting 
(aft. i h.). [Htn.] 

• Applied in the region of the fourth to the sixth dorsal vertebra, at a distance of 
four or nve finger breadths from the body. 


He hai a feeling as of a weight tbat pressed down the head. 
In severa! parti of the brain a pressure as Irom somethtng hard. 

SMuch hcat in the head.) 
n the head a ditagrecable scnsation of compression as if a partof 
the brain wcre pressed in. 
25' The noiic of a hammer causes a shock in her head. 

In the right tempie a pressure involving the head when walking 
in the open air. [/"z.] 

An (aching) pain above the left tempie, cxtemally (aft. 27 h.)- 

In t 

a the occipital articulation a pressure going outwards, so that he 
must always bcnd the head forwards. {_Fz.'] 

Aching pain in the left side of the forehead {aft. 22 h.}. [Lr.} 
30. An acning pain externally above the tight supercilìary arch (aft. 
28 hX [£r.] 

Hcadache whcn walking i a pressure above the orUts. 

Headache, especìally when raising up and moving the eycs. 

A tensìvc sensatian in the brain under the forehead extending 
imo the root of the nose. 

In the moming, after rising, several times some stitches superiorly 
in the left side of the forehead, unttl the afternoon. 
35. Hcadache as if the temples were pressed asunder. 

Violent headache ali the afternoon as if the brain werc pressed 
aiunder (aft. 3 d.). 

(Large lumps on the hairy scalp, which are only painfiil vriien 

Tention of the integuments of the head, as if they were closci] 
attached to the skull, causing confusion of the head (for severa! 
hours) [/f/.] 

Smarting itching on the hairy scalp (aft, ^ h.). 
40. Ruah of blood to the head, and ilush of beat in the chccks. 

A teniion over the &ce. 

Paleness of the face. 

A cold blast in the eyes. 

The eycs protrudcd (aft. J h.l. 
45< Staring look ac an object, when sitting. 

Fine ititches in the left ève (aft. 24 h,). 

StìtcheB in the eyelids. [Christoph. Weber, Wiriungei 
da kiinstlichen Magneti, Hanover, 1767.] 

In the evening stitches in the left eyelids, with dryness of them 

1* ine shooting in the canthus and in the left check. [Webbr,I. c] 
50. Burning, prolongcd stitch in the upper eyelid (aft. 3 m.)- 

On the border of the upper eyelid a vesicle which pressed on thi 

Eyelids in the morning strongly gummed up. [Webir, 1. e] 

Painful sensitiveness of the eyelids when reading (aft. 12 h.}. 

Twitchins and drawìng in the eyelids. [Weber, l. e] 

55. Drawiiig in the eyelids. [Weber, I. e] 


Drawing in the eyelids and lachrymation. [Weber, 


Mucus in the outer canthus. [Weber, 1. e] 

Itching in the inner canthus and the border of the eyeh'ds (aft. ^ h.] . 

Itching over the right ève, compelling scratching. [Weber, 1. e] 

60. Itcliing in the eyelids. [Weber, I. e] 
Itching in the eye. [Weber, 1, e] 

In the monung on awaking, in bed, painful dry feel- 
ing of the eyelids (aft. 14, 20 hj. 

Sensation as of grains of sand in the eye. [Weber, 1, e] 

Burning, redness and lachrymation of both eyes. [Weber, 1. e] 
65. Great movement of the eyeball ; much water collects in both 
eyes. [Weber, 1. e] 

The eyes water in the morning. 

The eyes water much, intolerance of sunlight. 

(Apph'ed to the weak right eye) (aft. J h,) a buming in it; 
it became red and filled with water. [Weber, 1. e] 

Applied to the weak eye, a coldness that lasted three or four 
minutes (aft. 2 m.). [Weber, 1. e] 

70. Coldness of the weak eye, as if a lump of ice lay in 

the orbit instead of the eye; when the coldness went ofF, a 

prolonged needle-prick in the eye. [Weber, 1. e] 
First coldness, then beat in the eye. [Weber, 1. e] 
Ticking sensation in the eye, like a watch (for 25 m.). [Weber, 

1. ci 

Bestless motion of the' eye. [Weber, 1. ci 

Sensation as of a spider's web bcfore the eyes. [Weber, 1. e] 
75. Flash of light in the eye, like a falline star. [Weber, 1. e] 
Formication between the two eyes. [Weber, 1. e] 
(Applied to the eye) a strong drawing over the eye, on the cheek, 
and the ear to the upper jaw. [Weber, 1. e] 

The pupils are much dilated, and contract but little to the light 

The pupils contract durìng the first hours. 
80. A stitch from the Eustachian tube into the inner ear (when 

Ringing in the ear of the same side [Weber, 1. e] 
Fine ringing in the ear of the opposite side (immediately). 
Some tearìngs in the right internai ear, like earache (aft. 18 h.). 
A hissing and a drawing sensation in the ear. 
85. Applied to the ear, a crepitation and crackling in it. [Weber, 
1. e] 

(Applied to the ear) a warmth and roaring in it, as when water 
boils and bubbles. [Weber, 1. e] 

Applied to the ear, beat and pecking in it. [Weber, 1. e] 
A kind of deafness, as if a skin lay before the right ear 
followed by beat in it. [Lr."] 

Tension in the membrana tympani. 
90. Acute tensive pain in the face that extended to the tonsils, 
Weber, 1. e] 


Drawing in the lert cheek. [Weber, 1. e] 

Fine pricking on the cheek, as from innumerable fine ncedle: 
with hot sensation, but without hcat perceptible to the touch (af 
2i h.). [«»]. 

A small lump in the face near the nose, which causes paio lik 
excoriation when touched j when not touched some rare, sloi 
ititches are felt in it. 

Eruptian af pimples on the right ala nasi with sbooting itchio 
sensation. [^2.] 
95. Deccption of the sense of smeli ; in the room there is a sme 
of rotten eggs, or as if a privy was bcing clcaned out (aft. 27 h. 

Deception of the sense of smeli ; in the room there is a smeli ( 
whitewash or Just. 

On three afternoons profuse epistaxis, which becomes more profili 
each successive aftcrnoon, preceded by aching pain in the forehca 
(aft. 4 d.). 

In the afternoon (about 2 o'clock) hxmorrh^e from the lei 
nostrii (aft. 46 h.). [^r.] 

In the afternoon (about 4 o'clock} when walking in the ope 
air, after blowing the nose, epistaxis for three quarters of an hou 
(aft. 23 h.). [Lr.] 
100. Sore pain on the nostrils, even when not touching or movio 
them (aft. 36 h.). 

At first red and hot nose-tip, then red, hot, sharply deflned spot 
on the chceks. 

Crepitating shooting pain in an (already existing) pimple on th 
right angle uf the mouth (immediately). [Fz.] 

Drawing in the left maxilla and the left cheelc. [Weber, 1. e] 

In the morning on awaking 3 tensive pain in the left uppc 
maxilIaCaft. 36h.). [ir.] 
105. A paìnful squeezing in the maxillary ioint on moving the lowe 
jaw, as if it werc dislocated (aft. J h.). [«(«,] 

Under the mastoid process, between the sterno-cleido-mastoideu 
muscle and the ramus of the lowcr jaw aching drawing pain prc 
cecding from the tempie. [Fx.] 

Tensive pain in the left anterior submaxìllary glands (aft. 19 h.) 

In the left submaxillary gland, squeezing aching pain, under th 
left angle of the jaw (aft. 2 h.). . 

In the submaxillary glands a crushing aching or pinching pair 
per se, such as is felt in acute sore-throat (aft. 4 h.). 
HO. Tearing pain in the ccrvical muscles as if they were too tired. 

Painful cramp in the ccrvical muscles from one ear to the other 

Cramp in one of the ccrvical muscles when yawning; afterward 
the part was painful to the touch. 

In the left angle of the lips, on moving the mouth sore pain, s 
if an ulcer would come there. 

Slow excessively acute and painful stitches in the lower lip. 
1 15. Small papules on the inside of the upper lip opposite the gums. 


Toothache in the upper incisors of the rìght side, just as if some- 
thing hard pressed on them and would break them down. [FzJ] 

Toothache when eating ; ali his teeth felt loose as if they would 
bend over, [/z.] 

The teeth of the upper jaw feel loose (aft. 28 h.). [Lr.] 

Painfìil tingling in the hollow teeth of the lower jaw, worst on 
the rìght side; the toothache ceases whiist eating (aft. 3 h.). 
120. Cramp-like toothache in the rìght side of the lower jaw. 

Toothache, as if the tooth were tom out ; it becomes worse 
after eating, and wh«n he is sitting or lying, but is better when he 
is walking. 

Toothache going towards the eye ; a very rapid pecking in the 
hollow tooth, with swollen, inflamed gums and red burning cheek ; 
the toothache grew worse immediately after eating, eot better when 
walking in the open air, but was aggravated in the close room. 

Throbbing In the hollow tooth (immediately) and thcn a pressure 
in it, as if something hard pressed itself into the cavity, with drawing 
in the temples. 

Throbbing; in the tooth, with burning in the gums, and swollen, 
red, hot cheeks, with burning pain and throbbing in them, in the 
125. The toothache ceases when walking in the open air, and returns 
in the room. 

Sensation of numbness and insensibilìty in the gum of the tooth 
that was painful. 

Drawing toothache in the hollow tooth and in the front teeth, 
increased only by eating, when something warm touches it, and 
along with the pain there is also rcdness of the cheek. 

owelling of the gum of a hollow tooth, which is painful when 
touched by the tongue. 

Toothache, as if the gum were sore or incised, increased by air 
coming into the mouth. 
130. Itching in the front part of the tongue, which compels him to 
rub and scratch it. 

On awaking from sleep the mouth is full of thick, almost dry, 
white mucus (aft. 18 h.). [Lr.] 

Smeli from the mouth, that is very disagreeable to the patient 

Retching in the cesophaeus which when it will not come to 
eructation presses upwards and causes anxiety. 

Copious flow of saliva. [Weber, 1. e] 
135. Collection of saliva in the mouth (immediately). 

Heartburn (aft. ^ h.) . 

Long-continued rancid heartburn. 

Food of the nicest taste has no taste to him, durìng supper (aft. 
10 h.). 

On smoking tobacco he felt a scraping in the throat posterìorly, 
as if heartburn would burn or had burnt him. 
140. In the morning a sourish, fasting taste. 


Wlien he tmoket tobacco it tasto bitter on the back of the 
toneue (alt. 2 h.). 

Tobacco-EiQofcing 'u disIJkcd hy him -, tobacco tastes bad (aft. 


At noon the was so full, that she could not eat. 

(He is immcdiatcly latiatcd.) 
145. Ravenous hunger io the cvcning. 

Chocolate had an insifùil disagreeable taste, as if mixcd with 
impure water. 

(Supper tastes well, but soon aftcrwards therc comes a fiat taste 
in the mouth and beat in the lobcs of the cari.) 

Enictation, like a somewhat painful jeiic. 

Trequent eroctation of nothing but air. 

150. Nausea. 

It seems to promotc acid derangement of the stomach. 

The tongue is much fiirred and slimy ; loatbing at milk. 

His stomach fecis derangcd ; there is such a weight in bis 
itomach as if he had eaten something. 

Hcartbum after supper (aft. 24 h.). 
155. In the night shc wakcs up from a pressure in che abdomen » 
from a stonc. 

Pressure in the abdomen, as ftom a stone. 

Clutching in the scrobiculus cordis (afìc. | h.). 

(Throbbing in the scrobiculus cordis) (immediately) . 

Sensation in the upper part of the abdomen and stomach, as if thi 
walls of the stomach were painfully sensitive. 
160. A drawing in the scrobiculus cordis cxtending to the right sidi 
of the chest. 

Drairit^ pain tn the abdomen (alt. 4 h.) . 

Drawing pain in the abdomen (aft. a few h.). 

In the umbilical region warmth, which caused him anxìcty, ant 
aftcrwards a sensation as if vomitìng werc about to ensue. 

Coldness in the abdomen (immcdiately after contact). 
165. On^ling in the abdomen, as if mach flatnlence wen 
inoaroerated, which canses alBo a twistàng abont tha1 
monnts np into the scrobicnlnB cordis and occasioni 
enictation (aft. 2f h.). [///«.] 

A pinching and rumbling in the abdomen, which went off b] 
discharge of flatus (aft. 25 h.), [Lr.] 

While walking in the open air severe cutting stitches in th( 
cenere of the abdomen from below upwards (aft. 3J h.). [Lr.] 

Shocks and jerks from the abdomen through the chest up intc 
the throat (ìmmediatelv). 

A coupie of jerks like rattling in the abdomen, as if something 
fell down in it by fìts (immediately). 
170. A couple of stitches in the side of the abdomen and movemeni 
in the abdomen, as if dtarrhoea were coming on (aft. to h. the ncxi 
morning) . 

Spasmodic contractivc feeling of the hypt^astrium, externall} 
and internali^, in the morning. 


Pinching, especially in the upper part of the abdomen^ imme- 
diately after eating (supper). 

In the left side of the abdomen on a small spot, a violent 
unintermitting pinching, as from incarcerated flatulence. 

Flatulent colie immediately after supper ; a sharp pressure out* 
wards in ali parts of the abdomen, as if the belly would burst ; it is 
alleviated by sitting motionless (aft. 30 h.). 
175. In the morning, in bed, immediately after waking, flatulent 
colie; the flatulence pressed upwards towards the hypochondria, 
with hard pressing and tensive pains bere and there in the whole 
abdomen, during rest and movement, with a qualmishness and nausea 
arising from the abdomen. 

Uninterrupted aching pinching pain in the whole abdomen, like 
a colie, but without perceptible flatulence, which does not go ofF 
either by rest, motion, or by taking food and drink, but is very much 
aggravated by thinking and over-exertion of the mind, and then is 
attended by nausea ; the colie is somewhat alleviated by perfect rest, 
but by touching zinc it goes off completely within an hour. 

In the evening and morning there is pressure bere and there, as 
from flatulence, in the bowels, as if the pressure occurred on a 
bruised spot, and at the same time bere and there in the brain a 
pressure as if on a bruised spot ; when flatus is discharged the pain 
in the abdomen and the headache both go off; whenever and as 
long as flatulence moves in the abdomen, the above pain in the 
abdomen and headache both reappear and cause a cross state of the 
disposition ; at the same time the flatus smells very badly.''^ 

(Painful sensibility of the abdominal muscles.) 

Suppression of the discharge of flatus, for twenty-four hours. 
180. In the night, about 2 a. m., he wakes up with the most violent 
colie ; a continued intolerable hard pressure in the scrobiculus cordis 
and hypochondria, which always rises higher up into the chest, and 
becomes more severe, up to the pit of the throat, where it threatens 
to stop the breath ; a kind of thoracic colie, f 

In the morning drawing, al most dysenteric pain in the hypo- 
gastrium, then a large sized fxcal evacuation passed with difliculty 
(aft. 24 h.). 

Along with the stool blood was discharged twice during the day 
(aft. 4 d.). 

Hard, laj^e sized, rare stool, passed with difficulty 

(aft. some d.). 

A sharp pressure in the rectum (aft. i^ h.). 
185. A shooting pinching in the rectum. 

After midnight, during slumber, an aching pressing pain in the 
rectum (not in the anus) lasting an hour, which goes off on waking 
up thoroughly. 

* On then applying the south pole the painful uneasiness in the abdomen, as also 
the headache, go off within an hour. 

f The open hands laid lightly on the chest, with the exertion ot strong will (a kind 
of self-mesmerìsing), soon gave relief ; the spasm went off, and an eai^y discharge of 
nrach flatus restored rest and sleep. 


In the left iliac region, in the region of the inguinal ring, a cutting 
pain with a weak feeling there. 

Stitches in the rìght lumbar region. \^Afch.'\ 

Stitches in the left groin outwards at the superior process of the 
OS ilii (immediately) . [J^z.] 
190. Out-boring pain above the left inguinal ring ; as if a hernia would 
protrude, when sitting. [Fz.] 

From day to day, increased relaxation of the inguinal ring; a 
hernia tends to protrude, chiefly when coughing (aft. 48 b.). 

Pain in the inguinal ring, like excoriation, especially when 
walking (aft. 3 h.). 

Dark urine. 

The first hours diminished, after a day and night much increased 
copious secretion of urine. 
195. Frequent discharge of urine (aft. 18 h.). 

Frequent urging to urinate (aft. 18 h.). [£r.] 

Very copious discharge of urine, for more than one day (aft. 6 h). 

(Relaxation of the neck of the bladder, from i p. m. untÙ 8 p. m., 
the urine dribbled away involuntarily) (aft. 3 h.) . 

After urinating a persistent smarting pain in the seam of the 
200. Itching smarting on the inside of the prepuce, which compels him 
to rub, at night in bed. 

On the inner surface of the prepuce a painful itching (after 
waking at midnight. 

Nocturnal poUution without erection, from which he awakes with 

Nocturnal poUution. 

Uncontrollable erection of the penis, with irresistable inclination 
for coitus and for ejaculation of semen. 
205. In the morning strong erections. 

Laxity of the genital organs and diminished inclination for coitus 
(aft. 36 h.). 

A throttling pain in the right testicle (aft. 3 h.). 

On Crossing the thighs, sharp stitches in the left testicle (aft. 
i8ih.). [ir.] 

A sharp drawing and a cutting in the testicles. 
210. Moderated sexual desire, he can master it (aft. 64 h.). 

(The catamenia, which were expected, came on in twenty hours, 
increased in twenty-four hours beyond their usuai quantity (they had 
hitherto been too scanty) and became healthy in amount, without 
any more accessory symptoms (consequently curative actlon). 

* ♦ * 

One nostril is stopped up with stuffed coryza, whilst thin mucus 

drops from the other nostril. 

In the morning quick discharge of fluid mucus from the nose. 

Sneezing and fluent coryza with stopped nose (aft. 38 h.) [Lr.] 
215. Coryza and sneezing (aft. 18 h.). [£r.] 

Violent coryza of the side of the nose on which the magnet wa$ 
applied to the eye. [Weber, 1. e] 


Discharge of an acrid water from the nose. [Weber, 1. e] 

Acrid discharge from the nose, which causes burning pain in the 
nostril. [Weber, 1. e] 

Flow of water from both nostrìls. [Weber, 1. e] 
220. Very severe stufièd coryza, so that both nostrìls are stopped up, 
and he can only breathe with difficulty (aft. 20 h.). [///«.] 

At night complete stoppage of the ìeft nostril, whilst the rìght 
was open, but quite dry, as in stufFed coryza. [///».] 

After gettting up from bed, the nose which had been stopped up 
at night, opened, but the dryness remained the same. [Htn,], 

Attack of sneezing and coryza (aft. 2 h.). 

Breathing is difficult for her. 
225. Shortness of breath on going up stairs. [Fz.] 

He must breathe spasmodically (in interrupted, deep breaths) as if 
in his need to make a deep inspiration he wished to displace the air ; 
at the same time he perspired ali over (immediately). 

Instantaneous violent cough of three or four impulses. 

The cough becomes worse when walking in the open air, it stuck 
and choked as if he would suiFocate. 

Sudden oppression of the chest. 
230. Squeezing contractive pain transversely through the chest, which 
causes a trembling anxious respiration, especially inspiration (when 
leaning forwards on the arms and looking out of the window) (aft. 
34 h.). [Htn.] 

Anxiety and qualmishness about the chest (aft. 5 m.). [Lr,] 

Oppression of the chest. [Weber, 1. e] 

Heat seems to go in over the throat towards the interior of the 
chest, on moving in the open air. \_Fz,] 

A sensation in the throat and trachea, as after hearty laughing, 
/. e, a sensation which excites the internai feeling of laughter, and the 
saliva coUects in the mouth. 
235. Oppression in the chest with anxiety. 

Itching on the nipples (aft. i h.). 

Some strong beats of the heart. 

Burning stitches at the heart. 

Burning stitches, first on the muscles of the back, then in the 
side of the chest, and lastl v anterìorly on the right breast. 

240. Aching in the region of the heart (immediately). 

Severa! sharp stitches in the cardiac region. 

Sharp stitches in the left side of the pectoral muscles on moving 
the arm. 

When walking in the open air a shooting on the left side of the 
chest (aft. io m.). [Lr.] 

In the evening a persistent stitch on the left side of the chest. 

245. Stitches in the left side of the chest (aft. J h.). 

In the evening in bed before going to sleep frequent dry, hacking 
cough • 

(Dry cough, which causes a raw pain on the chest, especially at 
night, when after chilliness she has become warmin bed.) 


Smoking tobacco causes him to cough. 

Whilst going to sleep there occurs a shakìng spasmodic cough, 
that hinders every attempi to go to sleep. 
250. About midnight sufFocating spasmodic cough ; the irritation to 
cough is in the smallest and most remote bronchial tubes, where the 
cough cannot yet detach the phlegm, and the mucus that is loosened 
by the cough goes into the upper region without diminishing the 
tickb'ng cough, which has its seat in a deeper region ; the cough, in 
consequence, becomes verv fatiguing and shakìng ; even the head is 
shaken, and the whole body becomes hot, this is followed bya general 
perspiration lasting till morning, with cessation of the cough. 

In the evening in bed, immediately after lying down, incessant 
(not tickling) irritation to cough, which is short and dry, and the 
irritation to further coughing is not exhausted, as is the case with 
other kinds of cough ; this irritation to cough is only allayed by sup- 
pressing the cough by firm determined will. 

Crepitation or cracking in the cervical vertebra, especially in the 
atlas, when moving (aft. 3 h.). 

In the middle of the spine, on bending backwards, pain like a 
bruise (aft. 36 h.). 

Intermittent stitches on the right side of the back (aft. 26^ h.). 
255. Persistent pains in the back when standing, walking, and sitting, 
as if he had stooped for a long time (aft. 28^ h.). [Lr.] 

Sensation as of gurgling and formication between the scapulae. 

Heaviness in the superior extremities as if lead were in the blood- 
vessels (immediately). [Msch.] 

Feeling of weight in the arm to which the pole is applied. [Fz,] 

Considerable feeling of weight in the left upper and fore-arm 
(aft. ì h.). [Htn.] 
260. Great coldness in the arm stroked with the magnet (in a woman in 
the zoomagnctic sleep caused by contact with the north pole). 
[Heinicice, Ideen und Beobachtungen iiber d, thier. Magnetism,^ 
Bremen, 1880, p. 4.] 

Prickling shooting pain in the arm up to the shoulder, especially 
in the shafts of the boncs of the forearm. [Gth.'\ 

When walking in the open air a pain on the right shoulder, like 
excoriation (aft. 4^ h.). [i^r.] 

Sensation in the arm and band as if they had gone to sleep 
(immediately). [///«.] 

Quivering in the lumbar muscles of the back. 
265. Before noon until after midnight (4 a.m.) pain in the left shoulder- 
joint, as if bruised, when moving and when at icst, not painful when 
touched (aft. 3 h.). 

Trembling of the arm of the band that touches the magnet. 

Arm as if asleep, like cramp. 

The left arm is much heavier than the other. 

The upper arm of the opposite side to that in contact with the 
pole is very heavy. 
270. Above the elbow an itching, consisting of fine pricking and 


smartìngi which is not allayed by scratching, as from a gnat-bite ; 
after scratching a burning. 

Heaviness in the upper arni (immediately). 

Severa! times twitching in the afFected upper arni (the arni and 
leg at the same time feel to him as if dead). 

Stitches at the lower part of the forearm near the wrist-joint (aft. 
25Ì h.). [Lr.] 

In the evening aching in the bone of the left forearm, as after a 
blow. IFz.'] 
275. Feeh'ng of stifFness in the elbow-joint. 

In the elbow-joint audible cracking on moving (immediately). 

Pleasant feeling in the arm-joint^ as if it were rested after great 

Aching and drawing in the wrist, with restlessness in the forearm 
(as if in Joy and expectation), which always compels him to flex it. 

Sensation in the band as if it were asieep. [Fz,] 
280. Trembling in the left band and stiffhess of the index finger (aft. 
9 m.). [Xr.] 

When walking in the open air stitches spreading into the muscles 
of the left palm (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.] 

StifFness and rigidity in the right wrist and ankle-joints, at 
night in bed. 

A trembling of the band touching the magnet and of the foot of 
the opposite side. 

A painful and almost burning itching on the back of the middle 
phalanx of the little finger, as if the part had been frostbitten ; the 
place is painful when touched (aft. 4 h.). 
285. A fine, frequent pricking, as with needles, in the afFected part 
and in every fìnger tip, worst in the evening after lying down. 

Drawing upwards in the fingers with formication in them 
(immediately), and immediately afterwards somewhat depressed in 

Fingers gone to sleep. [G/A.] 

A formication in the tip of the left index (aft. 4 m.). [Lr,] 

A twitching in the thumb applied to the pole, as if the pulse beat 
init. [Gth.] 
290. Great heaviness in the finger touching the pole (immediately). 

Icy coldness in the touching finger (immediately) . [Htn.] 

Pain in the finger-joints, as if they had been over-bent. 

Tingling in the touching finger. 

First a quivering in the touching finger, and then up into the 
arm, with a kind of heaviness in it. 
295. (A backward-drawing pain in the fingers, combined with formi- 

Bruised pain in the hip-joints, which is aggravated by stooping. 

Exhaustion of the lower limbs. [Mch.] 

Great weariness of the lower extremeties from 4 to 8 o'clock 
p.m. (aft. I h.). [Hsch.] 


Hie lower extremides feci like to break down firom fadgue, 
when walking. {^Fx,} 
300. Drawing in the rìght thigh, in both knees. [Weber, 1. e] 

A sdtch downwards anterìorly in die musdes of the rìght thigh 
(aft. 27 h.). [Lr.] 

In the moming a voluptuous itching, more in front than on the 
inside, on the left thigh (aft. 18 h.). [Lr.] 

Heaviness and numbness in the thighs, as if they had gone to 
sleep, without formicadon. 

Aching and throtding tearing in inner parts of the muscles of die 
thigh when sitting and walking (aft. 24 h.). 
505. An aching teanng on the outer side of the knee down to the 
outer ankle (aft. 3 h.). 

Bruised pain above the knee when sitdng. [/z.] 

Sdtches in the tendons of the left thigh towards the hough (aft. 
19 h.). [Lr.] 

SdfFness in the tendons of the hough when rìsing ftom a seat, as 
if they were too short (aft. 3 h.). [FzJ] 

Painless tingling in the left leg, with feeling of heaviness, as if 
it were asleep (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.] 
31G. Aching in the tibiae when standing. [Fz.] 

Painful rìgidity of the calf when walking. 

Buming pulsadng sdtches in the calf. 

Great wearìness in the legs (aft. 24 h.). 

The left thigh went to sleep on rising up, but chieily when 
standing, after sitting (aft. 3 h.}. 
315. When walking the foot became as if asleep (aft. J h.). 

Pain on the upper part of the toes as if sore from walking. 

(When sitting) sudden, tearìng sdtches in the heels, the big toc 
and the calf. [Fz.] 

Stitches in the rìght big toe. [Afch.] 

Painful crawling on the toes of the rìght foot (aft. 27 h.). 

320. Voluptuous itching under the toes of the left foot (aft. 27} h.). 

Tearing stitch in the big toe. 

Sore painful pressure in the hitherto painless corns from the 
slightest tightness of the shoes. 

Pain on one toe, as if there were a com on it. 

A severe stitch in the heel. 
325. Sore pain in the heel (aft. | h.). 

(On the heel sometimes a pain like pressure.) 

(Severe pressing about the ankle of the diseased ulcerated foot.) 

(Shooting in the encysted tumour.) 

A crawling over the skin. 
330. On the whole body a fine pricking itching in the skin, which 
went off after scratching a little, but appeared in another place 
(aft. 4i h.). [Htn.] 

A crawling itching, as from a &y or flea, which ended in a 
feeling of excoriation, first on the inner side of the limbs, then on 


their outer side, in the evening in bed and in the morning after 

Persistent digging stitches, which as they penetrated deeper and 
deeper became aUthe more acute and painful, on various parts. 

Slow, persistent, very painful stitches on various parts, e,g, on 
the back or on the sides of the fingers and toes. 

Shooting jerks in the limb in contact with the magnet (imme- 
335. Jerks in the h'mb in contact with the magnet (immediately). 

A trembh'ng, vibrating, tingling sensation. 

Sensation as from rush of blood to the part in contact with the 
mamet, as if the blood wouid force itself out there (aft. \ h.). 

In the neighbouring parts a quivering. 

A quivering and throbbing in the region of application (aft. \ h.). 
340^ In the neighbouring parts tensive sensation. 

In the neighbouring parts pain as if bruised, and as if a great 
weight had been carried. 

In the neighbouring parts a creeping, as if the part would goto sleep. 

A trembling feeling through the whole body, chiefly in the feet 
(aft. i h.). 

A trembling in the parts touching the magnet (imme- 

345. The band in contact became soon colder. 

Cooling sensation on the place of application. 

Cold sensation on the place of application (aft. \ h.). 

Warm sensation in the neighbouring parts. 

In the (already existing) tetter, burning pain ali day. 
350. In the (already existing) tetter, sore, almost tearing burning pain. 

A drawing in the periosteum of ali the bones,as on the approach 
of an ague (but without chili or heat) (aft. 2 h.). 

Painless drawing sensation. 

A rapid drawing or darting to and fro, and jerks like a shooting 
on the right side of the tongue, on the neck and over the foot. 

Heaviness in single limbs (with feeling of increased strength in 
them) (aft. 24 h.). 
355. A feeling of dryness and straining in the body, with loss or 

He is very exhausted^ must rest when walking in the open air, 
and he was melancholy and dejected. 

Exhaustion, bruised feeling and pains in the limbs were aggravated 
in the open air. 

In the morning a general exhaustion with sweat of anxiety, at 
noon loss of appetite ; he must lie down ; afterwards diarrhcea 
(aft. 48 h.). 

Weariness in ali the limbs (aft. ^ h.). 
360. Great exhaustion on going up the accustomed stairs. [/"z.] 

In the morning so exhausted, as from oppressive sultry air, 
that she could scarcely drag herself along. 

Immoderate, spasmodic vawnine, and at the same time pain in 
the left maxillary joint, as ir it wouTd be dislocated. 


Too frequent yawning without slcepiness. 
Frequent yawning (immcdiatcly). 

365. Oreat drowsiness ; he must yawn. [Weber, 1. e] 

Slecpy stupefaction : severa! times he felt as if the eyes were 
suddenly closed, and as if an agreeable sleep would suddenly come 
on ; an irresistible sensation which tended to make him quickly 

In the evening he was overcome by great sleepiness, ali the 
limbs felt paralysed and bruised. 

By day always sleepy ; day sleep. 

Vcry deep, sound sleep, especially towards morning, he could 
not sleep enough in the morning. 
370. At night in sleep he lay on the back. 

She sings in the evening in her sleep, wakes up in consequence, 
and remembers that it is wrong, goes to sleep again and recommences 
to sing and again wakes up from it. 

Historical, very vivid but innocent and unimpassioned dreams, 
which cannot be remembered on awakening. 

Ali night long lascivious dreams (aft. 8 h.). 

Dreamful and yet very sound sleep; he dreams on commenciflg 
to slumber. 
375. About midnight a dream, as if she fell from a height, on which 
fhe started and trembled ali over. 

A dream (about midnight) of murder and assasination, owing to 
which fhe commenced to weep aloud and to howl. 

Appearance in a dream of a person whomshe saw next day when 
awake for the first time. 

He dreams ali night not disagreeable but very vivid visions, which 
have no connection with one another ; when awake he can remember 

At night stupefìed sleep ; in the morning he lay on his back and 
had dreams of deformed men, abortions, &c. \_Fz.'\ 
380. Learned occupations at night in dream. [Lr.] 

At night sleep is disturbed by vexatious unremembered dreams. 

At night in sleep, very restless tossing about with vivid dreams ; 

the bed seemed too warm. [Htn.'] 

Frequent waking out of sleep as from a fright (aft. 34 h.). [£r.] 
At night he often awakes with a burning heat of the whole body, 

and must sometimes throw off the clothes and eet air ; at the same 

time his mouth was very dry, without thirst. [Htn,] 
385. In the evening he cannot get to sleep for several hours (aft. 3, 


About 2 a.m. half waking with much inner consciousnesSy 
great wealth of thoughts and lively memory ; he thinks 
of an important subject in the best form in a fòrei^n language 

with which he was not very conversant, almost as if in a ZOO- 

magnetic sleep^aUdnff state ; but when fùll^ awake he 
cannot remember distmctly the subject of his thoughts 

(aft. 16 h.). 


In the evening immediately after going to sleep, sudden waking 
with a violent jerk in the muscles of the head and neck, as if the head 
were jerked backwards. 

He is awoke about midnight by a violent pressure transversely 
across the abdomen^ just above the navel,which is not relieved either 
by movement, or by beat, or by any change of position. 

In the evening in bed, a violent pain in the top of the gullet, as 
after swallowing too large a morsel ; but when he turned on bis left 
side this went off. 
390. In the night in bed he tosses about half awake. 

At night coUection of saliva in the mouth, so profase 
that each time he wakes the pillow is qnite wet. 

He wakes at night with much tiresome beat of the whole body, 
and must from time to time throw off the clothes and give himself 
air ; at the same time dry mouth without thirst. 

Restless sleep ; he tosses about in bed and it feels too warm. 

At night a warmth as if perspiration would break out. 
395. Strong smelling night-sweat, without beat. 

He woke up at night ; he felt very warm, and he became stili 
warmer by drinking a glass of cold water (aft. 16 h.). 

Frequent shivering at night in bed and jerks in the arms^ so that 
they were propelled towards one another. 

In the morning chili with yawning. 

(Chili ali day, ali over the body but especially over the back) (aft. 
48 h.). 
400. Cooling of the whole body.^ 

Cold sensation or feeling of cooling ali over the body as if she were 
too lightly clad, or had got a chill^ but without shivering ; imme- 
diately she had a small soft stool followed by straining (aft. ^ h.). 

Clìill, shivering. 

At the instant of touching the north pole with the tip of the 
tongue, shivering ali over. 

Coldness of the hands. 
405. On the tip of the fìnger in contact with the magnet cold sensa- 
tion and at the same time beads of sweat on the fingers and back of 
this band (immediatelv). 

Sweat on the inside of the hands, which are cool. 

Gold sweat on the hands and soles of the f eet. 

Cold sweat ali over (aft. J h.}. 

Towards morning a profuse, though not disagreeably smelling, 
steamy^ gentle sweat ali over. 
410. Night sweat towards 2 a.m. ali over, even on the hce (chiefly on 
the chest), but not among the hairs of the head (not even on the 
part of the hairy scalp on which he lay) ; only in sleep^ on awaking 
this sweat which was unattended by thirst went off. 

* In the 3rd edition tyro symptoms bave been omitted bere by tbe transcrìber, and 
tbere is a mistake in the enumeration. We bave been able to supply these symptoms, 
399 and 400, from the 2nd edition, and also to correct tbe next symptom, which is 
evidently improperly given in the 3rd edition j what is there given as one symptom 
being in reality two cUfFerent ones. 

VCL. II. 7 


Heat in the face. 

In the evening red flush of the whole face without thirst (aft. 
28 h.). [Lr.] 

Warm feeling. [Hsch.] 

Even at the open window exccssively ereat heat on the whole 
body, but especialhr on the back and forenead ì without sweat or 
thirst faft. 2j). [Étn.] 
415. A heat spreading ali over the body, especially on the abdomen 
and face, so that sweat broke out on the face (aft. 8 m.). [Lr,"] 

Hot feeling ali over the head, with hot but not red face, and 
thirst (aft. 5Ì). [///«.] 

Rapidly occurrine heat and redness in the right cheek, whilst 
the left was cold to the touch (aft. 26 h.). [LrJ] 

Fiery redness in the face, oppression, pulse increased in strength. 
[De Harsu, 1. e] 

In the evening heat over the whole body with anxiety, which 
always drives him about. [FzJ] 
420. Heat, especially behind down over the cheeks and on the whole 
body, with an anxious, unsettled state of mind. [^z.] 

In the evening the blood mounts to his head, and the face 
becomes hot, at the same time he has chilliness in the lower 
extremities, especially in the feet (aft. 4 h.). 

Heat in one check, and feeling of heat internally, irritated con- 
dition, loquacity (aft. ^ h.). 

Sensation of warmth in the feet. 

With quick, strong pulse, hot feeling ali over the body, without 
external warmth, indeed, even with cold hands, which feel hot to 
him, without thirst (aft. 3 h.). 
425. (Fever : from noon till evening chilliness in the sacrum up the 
back, without perceptible coldness, with great thirst } thén about 9 
p.m. great heat in the face without thirst ; after midnight violent, 
ill-smelling sweat, until the morning in sleep ; when she awokei it 

Fever : in the afternoon frequent flying heat only in the head, 
with red, hot face (only for two or three minutes) ^ at the same time 
some drawine in the head. 

Fever : aoout 3 p.m., each time first a small burning spot on the 
foot, for a minute, which suddenly went away, and instead thereof 
there occurs with equal suddenness a heat in the head with redness 
of cheeks and perspiration on the face, for some minutes. 

Fever : about 4 p.m. a general shivering for a quarter of an hour 
(aft. 4 d.). 

Fever: frequent shivering in the back for some minutes, then 
an equally short heat which spreads from the back up over the 
head, during which the blood-vessels of the hands swell, without 
430. Moist warmth runs ali over the body (immediately). 

Very ill-humoured and tired (aft. 24 h.). 

Lacnrymose humour, with chilliness and rigor at the same time 
(aft. X h.). 


In the evening very sad j he must weep against his will, whereby 
the eyes were painfiil. 

(In the evening) he felt as if it were difficult for him to commence 
to carry out his resolve, and it was long ere he couid do so ; but then 
he did it quickly. 
435. Sluggish imagination ; sometimes he felt as though he had no 
imaginative power. 

When sitting he felt as if he had lost ali power of moving, and 
were fixed to his chair ; when, however, he riioved he found that he 
could move quite well. 

Lazy disposi tion. 

Anxious, dejectedy fainthearted, inoolisolable disposi- 
tion, that oaused him to make self-reproaches (aft. ih.). 

Dejected in mind (immediately). 
440. About 3 a.m. he could sleep no more and anxiety commenced ; 
he was anxiously concerned about himself, as if he were dangerously 
ili ; he was gloomy, he was unwilling to speak a word. 

Anxious scrtipillosityy excessive, too conscientious concern. 

Irritably cross ; he was unwilling to be disturbed in his wòrk^ and 
yet he could finish nothins. 

During his work he tsuks aloud to himself. 

He is apt to make mistakes in wrìting {ah. ^ h.). 
445. He would like to work hard, and cannot do enough ; he does 
things too slowly. 

He would like to work hard, and cannot do enough ; he does 
everything too slowly. [Xr.] 

Disposition altemateiv sad and cheerful. 

Disposition altemately cheerful and sad ali day long (aft. 30 h.). 

As if startled and dmid (idmiediately). 
450. Faint-heartedness, wftlit of courage. 

Cheerfìilness and feeling of great strength alternate with #ant of 
courage and weakness. [/z.] 

Faint-heartedness, anxious scnipulosity (immediately). 

Hasty. hniried. 

Hasty, bold^ firm, quick. 
455. Bold disposition, as after drinking wine. [Hsch.] 
Quite quiet, cairn, free from care (aft. i^ h.). 
Quite quiet and calm disposition, ali dav (aft. 48 h.). [£r.] 
Composure of the whole disposition, calmed passions. 
Quiet but not cheerftil. 


(SoutA poU oftke magiut.) 

Confusion of the head. 

An unsteadiness and instability of the mind : the ideas cannot be 
properly fixed, objects hover only half observed before the senses and 
are not sufficienti/ noticed and appreciated, and the judgments and 
resolves are hesitating, which produces a kind of anxiou3 and restless 
state of the disposition.* 

Imagination obtuse, memory good. [HschJ] 

Giddy in the head^ as from intoxicadon, as if he would stagger 
and reel when walking ; also somewhat giddy when sitting. 
5. Rush of blood to die head, without heat. 

Heaviness of the head and fine formicatìon or diggìng in ic 

A fine digging and formicatìon in the brain combined with 
heaviness of the head. 

Headache : at the top of the head or in both temples, an aching 
(a lively, violent pain) like catarrh, which is bad when sitting 
upright, and worst on shaking the head and thinking, slighter when 
wallung, but more alleviated and almost going ofr when stooping 
forwar^ and bending backwards (in the first hours). [£(/*•] 

Headache in the occiput, which is worst in the room, but goes 
off in the open air (in the first hours). \^Stf^ 
IO. Formicatìon on the left side of the head towards the upper part. 

Heaviness in the upper part of the head. [Hsch.l 

At the top of the head in the crown^ a creeping as if something 
ran about there, and somewhat like tearing. 

Shocks in both temples. 

In the right side of the forehead, a pain compounded of tearing 
and beating (aft. \ h.]. 

15. Superìorly over the tempie, a couple of shocks combined with 
tearing pain. 

Headache : tearing pain behind the left ear. [Fz."] 

Tearing on a smalT spot of the left tempie. 

A drawing tearing pain in the left side of the brain, which 
resembles a slow burning stitch (aft. 3 h.). 

An aching here and there in the occiput. 
20. In front in the middle of the forehead, a creeping mingled with 
stitches, in the evening (aft. 8 h.). 

* Touching metallic zinc brìngs this denngemcnt of die mental faculdes again 
into order. 


A transient, obtuse shooting pain in the left side of the forehead 
(aft. 20 h.) . 

A sharp-pointed, outward -pressing pain in the left side of the 
head, a continued stitch combined with pressure (aft. 2 h.) (relieved 
hy the north pole). 

Headache ali over the brain, simple and tensive pain^ which 
carne on when walking in the open air, and soon went off* in the 

(Headache, in the evening just before going to sleep, with dry 
heat in the hands.) 

25. At night when lying, throbbing in the right side of the head like 
a pulse. 

Twitching in the head. 

A spasmodic contractive headache in the region between the 

Externalljr on the hairy scalp, a place which pains as if bruised, 
stili more painfiil when touched. 

The skin of the forehead is as if dried. [Kr."] 
30. (A tension in the afFected side of the hce.)* 

(A glandular lump in the nape inflames quickly, the skin round 
it pained as if sore, and could not bear the slightest touch.) 

The skin in the region around the eyes pains as if sore. 

Slow buming stitch in the border of the eyelid (aft. 2 h.). 
When held to the weak eye (slizht and short coldness in the eye, 
but) severe itching in the eyelids. [Weber, 1. e] 
35. Watering of the (touched) eye. 

In the eye, a throbbing and itching. [Weber, L c] 
Weeping of the eyes. 

Watery eyes occasionally. 

In the moming the eyes are gummed up. [Weber, 1. c] 
40. In the morning and evening sore pain, especially in the outer 
canthus of the eye and on moving the eyelids, as if a hair lay in the 
eye ; a kind of inflammation of the border of the eyelids (aft. 16, 
24 h.). 

A painftil sore dryness of the eyelids, felt especi- 
ally when moving them, chiefly in the evening and 

Swelhng of a Meibomian gland on the border of the left lower 
eyelid (in the morning) as if a stye would come, the pain is only 

Smarting in the inner canthi (in the morning) (aft. 48 h.). 

Aching in the eye for a minute. 
45. In the left eye, an aching and obtuse shooting. 

Prìcking in the left eye like a prick of a needle (aft. 4 h.). 

Spasmodic contraction of one eye in the morning. 

Defect of vision ; objects appear dim, then also doublé. 

(The south pole applied to the nape). [De Harsu, 1. c.^ p. 133.] 
First fàint-like obnubilation,with inclination to sitdown ; objects 
t Qjfi touchin^ the south pole with th« tip of the tonguet 


are at if veiled, afterwards the objects bearne more disdnct and 
deauer (than thej are in the normal state) ; at the same time in 
ecitaric frame of mùuL [Stf.'] 
50. Vhnudtf in the ejres. [Hsch.l 

Pupik at first more easQj dilatable and more difficuk to contract 


nring beat in the bcc. [Sif,} 

The face (and the rest of tne body) fèeb as if a ccJd air pla]red 
OH it, in the roonu [HrrA.] 

An almost painless drawing behind the ear up into the head, 
aUnott oninterruptedly (aft. 40 h.)- 
55. Sometimes stitches and ringing in the ear. [Kr.J 

In the ear a painfiil jerk as if it woidd he drìren asunder : a kind 
of ear-ache. [St/.] 

Tearìng pains in the extemal and internai cartilages of the ears, 
to the vidnitj of the imier auditory cavities. 

Roarìng in the ears, felt most up on the summit of the head. 

Noise in the eart like the flapping of a wing. 
6o* Roarìng before the ear. [Stf!\ 

Sensarìon as if a cold wind blew on the ears. \^KrJ] 

Sensation as from a warm breath in the external ear. \^Stf,] 

Fanning in the ear in the moming, so that he fèlt it as far as the 
forehead, just as if the wind blew. 

(Inflammation of the extemal ear, durìng which the sulci display 
sore painfid chaps.) 
65. Ringing in the good ear (aft. ih.). 

Coarse stitches in the cheek. 

On the rìght side of the neck, under the ear, two little pocks, 
which are painfiil. \_Kr.] 

Small pimples in the nape, with itching buming. 

Toothache, aggravated by warm drìnks. 
70. A tearìng twitching in the upper jaw towards the eye, in the 
evening (aft. 12 h.). 

(Pain in the gland under the angle of the lower jaw, as if it were 

Eruptìon on the skin, painfiil when touched. [Xr.] 

Under the chin the skin is painfiil as if excorìated. [A'r.] 

Single stitches on the left border of the tongue (aft. 5 h.). 
75. Heat in the vocal organs^ with difficulty of speaking ; feeling ot 
swelling of the tongue. [Di Harsu, 1. e, p. 133.] 

Obtuse pain with painful stitches in hollow teeth (aft. i h.). 

Sore feeling in the throat during swallowing and when not 
svallowing (aft. 3 h.)* 

In the morning, though the mouth is clean and he himself 
perceives no bmi smeli or taste, there is a nasty, putrìd odour from 
bis throat. 

Mucb watery, tasteless sgliva. [St/.'] 
80. Much watery saliva collects in the mouth, which runs out when 
he stoops forward. [JTr.] 


Copious tasteless, watery saliva, which he seldom spits out (aft. 
3 d-). [St/.-] 

Sometìmes sweet metallic, sometimes sour metallic taste, at one 
time on, at another under the tongue, with sensation of coldness as 
from saltpetre. \_Stf.'] 

A scraping scratching feeling in the fauces, with dry sensation in 
the mouth, without thìrst. [5//I] 

He loses his taste while eating warm food, it returns, however, 
after eating (aft. 3 d.). [Stf.] 
85. Bnming in the gfilllety a closing up with feeh'ng of heat. 

Little appetite, without loathing or altered taste, otherwise feeling 
well (aft. 24 h.). 

IndifFerence to food, drink and smoking tobacco, they taste 
well, but he has no desire for them, and he is satiated before partaking 
of them (aft. 12, 2j h.). 

IndifFerence, bordering on repugnance, to milk, in the morning 
(aft. 18 h.). 

Although he wakes up cheerftil in the morning, neither food nor 
coffee is relished^ they bave rather a bitter taste. 
90. Food has not a bad, but too little taste. 

Ravenous hunger, in the middle of the febrile chili. 

Ravenous hunger, at noon and in the evening. 

Inordinate appetite in the evening (aft. io h.). 

Absence of hunger (immediately). [St/,] 
95. Food is repugnant to him. [St/,] 

White wine tastes sharp to him, and after taking a mouthful of it 
there occurs extreme repugnance to it. [St/] 

Eructation of air only (aft. 3 d.). [St/] 

A single but very violent eructation. 

Inclination to vomit in the morning after awaking (aft. 36 h.). 
100. Soon after dinner inclination to vomit. 

After dinner movements and rumbling in the abdomen, followed 
by discharge of flatus. [Kr,] 

Nausea as if in the stomach on bending forwards. 

Pain in the stomach, as when a bruised spot is pressed upon ; 
after eating this pain passes gradually into the bowels (aft. 18 h.). 

A kind of aching, violent pain in the scrobiculus cordis, from 
long-continued mentd efFort (aft. 6 h,). 
105. Twitching in the right side (when touched). [Kr,] 

From the navel to the genitals an agrecable feeling ofwarmth. 

A kind of grasping just above the navel. 

Loud rumbling in the abdomen. 

Disagreeable loud rumbling and grumbling in the abdomen, 
towards evening (aft. 8 h.). 
110. In the morning in bed flatulent colie (aft. 30 h.). 

Pìnching in the abdomen from a draught of air (aft. 2 d.). 

Flatulence pushes up under the short ribs ; flatulent colie in the 
hypochondria, in the evening (aft. 4 h.) . 

After supper colie ; in ali parts of the bowels sharp pressure bere 


and tfaere, it increases on mcnring so as to be intoIeraUe, and goes off 
quickiv without discharge of fiatus, when at rest Caft. 4 h.). 

Flatulent calie at night : pordons of flatulence seem to jump paio- 
fully from one part to another, which causes a breaJdng dis^recaUe 
sensatìon, or a sere pinching pressure outwards in many places at 
once, which docs not permit of sieep ; short, interrupted flatus, whidi 
is occasionali^ discharged with difficuity, gives no relie£ 
115. Flatulent colie in die moming after rising; the ffatnienct; goes 
upwards to die diaphragm and causes coarse shooting, but acute pains 
(afc ré h.). 

Drawing pain in the rxght sde of the abdomen, so that he could 
scarcdy walk. 

Tearing pains in the abdomen exdted by (reading ? and) walking, 
allayed by sitdng, espedally in the epigaatrium (in the moming) (aft. 

16 b.)- 

In the evening, just befbre going to sleep, dìstmdcd abdomen 
with colicky pains (a& 2 d.). 

He féels very full in the abdomen during the dyspncea. 
120. In the evening, just befbre going to sleep, discharge of much 
flatus Taft. 3 d.). 

Discharge of much flatus (aft. 4 h.). 

A couple of sdtches in the left side of the abdomen. 

A condnued sdtch in the abdomen Cofwarda the caecum, wfaidi 
only goes off by lying on the opposite side (afL 8 h.) . 

Feeling of dilatadon of the left inguinal ring, as if a hemia were 
procruding ; with every cough the part b painfiilly stretched (aft. 
I h.). 
125. (Frequent cali to stool, during whkfa she feeb ack, but she can- 
not evacuate.) 

(Quick urging to stool, which, however, b evacuated with difli- 

First cutting in the abdomen, widi chillincss, tben diarrfacea (aft 

After two days two soft stools. 

Evacuadon of thìn stool with the decepdve sensadon of discharge 
of flatus (aft. 14 h.). 
130. Continued narrowing and constrìcdon of the rectum and anus, so 
that the smallest quantity of flatus can scarcely pass. 

Threads of mucus among the hard taeces. 

Itching of a haemorrhoidal lump at the anus (aft. 6 h.). 

Whilst walking itching formicadon extemally on the anus. 

In the right renai ragion some large sdtches (immediately). 
135. A stitch in the pubic arch. 

(Aching pain in the pubic arch.) 

Relaxation of the sphincter muscle of the bladder (immediately). 

Incontinence of urine. 

The urine drops away involuntarilv, even when voluntarily 
urinating there is little inclination in tne bladder to evacuate the 
140, (Increascd involuntary flow Qf urine) (immediate!^). 


Discharge of much urine, at night and towards moming (aft. io, 
14 h.}. 

(Frequent discharge of a quantity of pale urine). [St/.] 

At midnight he must get up from sleep in order to pass a large 
quantity of urine. 

During micturirion smarting pain in the anterior part of the 
urethra, as if the urine were acrid or acid (aft. 2 h.). 
145. A drawing in the spermatic cord. 

In the morning when the testicle is hanging down, pain in the 
spermatic cord, as if it were drawn too strongly and stretched j it is 
also painfiil when touched (aft. 4 h.). 

Twitching in the spermatic cord. 

In the spermatic cord a slow, fine, painful drawing. 

Tearing in the spermatic cord. 
150. A spasmodic retraction of the testicles at night. 

Tearing, choking jerks in the testicles which swell (aft. 6h.). 

Fine itching of the scrotum. 

In the penis pain as if several muscular fibres were torn or 
tugged back. 

A red spot like a pimple on the corona glandis, and on the inside 
of the prepuce, without sensation. 
155. The glans penis is red and inflamed, with itching and tension. 

ÌThe condyloma bled in drops) (aft. 48 h.)« 
ncreased warmth of the genitals at night. 

A formication and tickling in the glans penis ; semen seemed to 
pass without his knowledge. 

At night a poUution (in a hemiplegic person, which had not 
occurred for years)* (aft. 48 h.). 
160. Pollutions on two successive nights with much talkins in sleep. 

The first two days great excitement of the genitals to emit 
semen ; after several days the mind obtains the mastery over the 
sexual desire. 

Violently excited sexual desire after the midday siesta (aft. 4 h.). 

Impotence : coitus with sufficient sensation and erection ; but 
when the extreme moment should come, theamorous feeling suddenly 
goes off, the semen is not ejaculated, and the penis falls and becomes 
again soft (aft. 36 h.). 

The menses that had continued their usuai time go on for six 
dap longer, but only when moving, not when at rest ; there is also 
always cutting in the abdomen when the blood is discharged.f 
165. The catamenia, which were expected every day, appeared four 
hours after touching the south pole, but the discharge was very 
light coloured and watery. 

Heat and buming in the female genitals with many fine 
stitches (aft 3 h.). 

* After this the paralysis increased, the affected limbs felt as if dead. 

f She held the magnet by the south pole, but touched it at the same time in the 
middle. The south pole seems to excite the flow of blood, and particularly metror- 
rhagia in its prìmary action, consecjuently to cure it homoeopathìcally, the north pole 
f^tiDs to do the reven^. 


* • ♦ 

Sneezine in the moming. 

Severe mient coiyza. 

Coiyza and cough wìth green mucous expectorarion and short 
170. Dry short cough (aft. 5 h.). [Si/.] 

Severa! fits of stìnking cough, at night durìng sleep, which do 
not wake up completely. 

Pressure on the chest at the lower part of the stemum, wìth anxiety 
and quietnest of thought (immediately) . [/z.] 

SufFocative oppression of the chest. [De Harsu, 1. c«, p. 134.] 

Sadness^ swelling of the tongue. [Di Harsu, 1. e, p. 134.J 
175. Anxiety in the stemum. [St/.] 

Oppression of the respiradon, trans versely across the lower rìbs. 

A deep respiraition, like sighing, and involuntary swallowing at 
the same time (as is usuai with sighing) (immediately). 

Shortness of breath in the scrobiculus cordis. 

(Frequent attacks of shortness of breath.) 
1 80. (In the evening, after getting into bed, he can scarcely recover 
himself from the shortness of breath.) 

An oppression on the chest as if the breath tremUed^ and as if the 
breath drawn into the chest felt cool (immediately). 

Pain compounded of aching and drawing on bodi sides of the 
sternum at the same time, with an anxiety that will not allow him 
to remain in any one place, as if he had done something wrong. 

Palpitation of the heart (immediately). 

A sharp stitch in the right side of the chest, that takes away his 
185. Aching in the left side of the chest, durìng which she has nausea. 

Aching pain in the chest^ in the aftemoon and evening. 

In the left side of the chest an obtuse aching durìng rest and 
when moving. 

Itching shooting in both nipples at the same rime (aft. 24 h.). 

A creeping in the left pectond muscles. 
190. On the scapula some rapid stitches. 

Under the scapula a pure, not quite pointed stitch (immediately). 

A heat from the cervical vertebra^ through the whole spinai 
column (aft. ih.). 

Pinching in the dorsal muscles. 

Shiverìng ft'om the nape down the back. [St/.] 
195. Heat in the back. 

Erosion and smarting on the back. 

An aching and at the same time burning pain in the sacrum (aft. 
6 h.ì lasting into the night, durìng rest and movement. 

DuU stitches in the sacrum. 

Pain as if dislocated in the juncture of the sacrum wìth the 
lumbar vertebra, afterwards a bruised pain there. 
200. Above the sacrum and among the lumbar vertebra vicJent 
smarting and shooting, which on moving takes away the bfea^b. 


After rìsing from a seat he feels stifF in the sacrum, hips and 

At night in bed intolerable bruised pain in the biceps muscle of 
the upper arm on which he does not lie, especially when it is raised 
upwards and backwards, which goes oflF immediately when he lied on 
the painful side (aft. 32, 36 h.). 

A crawling down the left arm, like small shocks. 

Rumbling and like a gurgling down the left arm (immediately). 
205. Rumbling up and down in'the veins of both arms alternately, ft)r 
severa] hours. 

guick rumbling'down the left arm. 
L tìbie arms cj^uick painful twitching downwards. 

A shooting itchmg on the upper arm (except the joints) in the 
evening befbre and after lying down; in bed he must scratch the 

Twitching in the diseased arm (immediately). 
210. Cold feeling in the left arm^ as if ice lay upon it, and yet it was 
sufficiently warm (immediately). 

Coldness in the arm that touches the magnet (aft. several h.). 
Drawing paralytic pain, in the morning, at first in the left arm on 
raising it, then in the sacrum when stooping forwards, then in the 
left hip and also in the muscles of the left thigh and leg on extending 
the knee (aft. 16 h.). 

In the evening great exhaustion in the rìght arm. 
In the arm a sensation of ftilness and swelling as if the arteries 
in it pulsated. 
215. The left arm is much heavier than the rìght, and requires more 
exertion to raise it ; at the same time creeping in the tips of the 
fingere. [JTr.] 

Sensation in the arm as if it had gone to sleep. [A>.] 
A pain in the arms as if the blood staenated in the veins, some- 
times on one spot, sometimes on another. [Hsch.] 
Stiffhess of the elbow-joint (immediateìv). [rlsch.] 
Painful stifFness in the elbow-joint of the arm that touches the 
magnet (aft. 8 m.) . 
220. Feeling of heaviness in the forearm, or as if it had been over- 

Feeling as if the band were asleep, during which the veins swell, 
with quickened pulse (immediately). [Fz.] 

Sensation on the band like a puft of cold wind. ISt/."] 
Feeling of coldness in the hands, which, however, were warm to 
the touch. [Hsch,] 

Painftil drawing in the fingers backwards towards the band. 
225. A drawing in the finger-joints. 

Twitching in the fingers touching the magnet (aft. 4 m.). 
Pain of the distai thumb-joint, as if dislocated (aft. 3 h.). 
A jerk with visible twitching in the left index finger. 
The tip of the finger (in contact with the magnet) became as it 
numb and insensible. 
230. Creeping in the finger touching the magnet. 



Creeping in the tips of the fingers. 

Sensation of heat and twitching in the finger touching the magnet. 

A throbbing in the finger touching the nu^et. 

Throbbing in the tip of the thumb (immediately). 
235. In the root of the nails (the soft part behind them) a pain, as if 
they wouid fester, like a throbbing shooting. 

A paralytic and bruised pain in the hip-joint, when Ijring on the 
painful side (aft. 32, 36 h.). 

The thigh and leg go to sleep (in the moming) when sittìng 
which does not readily go oiFon rising (aft. 16 h.). 

An aching drawing in the muscles of the thigfas, worst when 

In the muscles of the thighs an aching drawing. 
240. In the evening a paralytic drawing from the middle of the thighi 
down to the feet. 

A shooting itching on the thigh, in the evening, also in bed, h 
must scratch it. 

A shooting twitching in the muscles of the thighs near the peri 

Pain in the muscles of the thigh when going up stairs. 

Sensation of cold in the right thigh. 
245. In the outer tendon of the hough a drawing pain. 

A pain compounded of shock and twitching in the tendons of ti 
hough, making him cry out, during which the limb is convulsive! 
drawn into a flexed position, most tolerable when at rest, aggravate 
by movement. 

In the tendons of the hough a violent drawing twitching, makii 
him cry out, with a pain in them as if they were beaten -, the Un 
was visibly drawn into a flexed posture, especially when moving. 

When walkino; a kind of shooting came into the knee. 

An aohing toaring in the patellad (worst when moving 

which was aggravated by touching (aft. 3 h.). 
250. The knees knuckle under him when walking (aft. 20 h.). 

Cracking of the knee-joint on moving (aft. i h.). 

A vcry painful drawing in the tendons of the hough, sometim 
with painful twitching in the calves. 

Immediately after dinner a pain compounded of twitching ai 
tearing in the Icnee, which is aggravated by grasping it (aft. 3 h.). 

Cramp pains from the left ankle-joint to above the kne< 
•tretching out the limb gave little relief. 
255, After walking, when she sat down, there was throbbing in ti 
muscles of the Icgs (aft. 5 h.). 

An aching or drawing tearine in the tibiae. 

An aching drawing in the calves. 

A kind of tearing in the calves downwards, in the mominj 

A cramp-like drawing pain in the calves. 
260. During the day cramp in the calf and big toe. 

An intolerable painful twitching in the calves, at the same tin 
painful drawing in thp tendons of the hou^h. 


The feet are painflil when he lets them hang down when sitting ; 
al] over them there is a fine throbbing. 

An itching burning, slow stitch on the side of the calf (aft, 

ì h.). 

A drawing or aching tearing in both ankle-joints and ankles 

(aft. 5 h.). 
265. First shooting under the ankles, then drawing in the tendons of 
die houghs and painfiil twitching in the calves. 

The feet and toes feel as if asieep (aft. i h.). [/%.] 

In the morning coidness of the feet. [Kr,"] 

Gold feeling in the feet soon followed by warmth in them, 

Slight dislocation of the ankle-joint on making a false step 
(aft. 20 h.) . 
270. On making a false step dislocation pain in the ankle-joint 
(aft. 20 h.). 

On bending back the foot, cramp in the sole (aft. 24 h.). 

Shooting in the SOleS, especially on moving. 

Itching of the dorsum of the toes and on both sides of the feet 
(in the evening), just as if they had been frozen (aft. 12 h.). 

Sore pain in the inner side of the nail of the big toe, in the flesh, 
as if the nail had grown into the ilesh on the side, very painful on 
being even slightly touched (aft. 8 h.). 
275. The shoe presses on the toes and on the nail of the big toe when 
walkine, as from coms (aft. 18 h.). 

A drawing backwards in the three middle toes, only when walk- 
ing fin the open air). 

Creeping sensation in the left side and left arm (immediately). 

Eroding itching in the evening in bed, on the back and other 

An itching shooting tearing here and there, in the evening in bed. 
280. Pure itching here and there, in the evening in bed and on awaking, 
which readìly goes oiF by scratching. 

In the evening in bed, itching here and there (also on the but- 
tocks) and, after gentle scratching, sore pain (aft. 5 h.). 

A kind of anxiety in the limbs (immediately). 

Pinching in the flesh here and there. 

A pinching in many difFerent external parts of the body in the 
285. Nipping and pinching in various parts of the body (immedi- 

On exposure to slight cold the nose, ears, hands and feet are chilled ; 
in the warm room they became hot, they creep and itch (with 
stitches) (aft 4. h.). 

Some pam in the limbs like growing pains. 

Single twitching pains here and there, immediately going oiF 

Twitching sensation ali over the body, as though he had been 
running quickly, and he is at the same time anxious. 
290. Twitching pains here and there. 


Shooting burning pains bere and there in the bodj, especiallj in 
the tips of the fingere. 

Bniised pain of ali the limbs, to that he feek as if he were lyingon 

Stiftness of ali the joints (aft. ^ h.). 

Painless cracking in ali the joints when moving (aft, 3 d.). [Stf] 
29^. Exhaustion in aU the limbs ; trembling and restlessneas in the 
fimbs. [Kr.] 

In the mornine in bed, and on rìsing, bruised pain in ali the 
joints, even in the junctures of the pelvis, with weak feeling in both 
inguinal rings, as if a hernia would protrude (afi. 18 h.). 

(The eruption of pimples itch when they are touched.) 

(A paralysed person was immediately very lively after the appli- 

Very soon a great mobility of the muscles and [quicknesi in ali 
the movements, with cairn disposition. 
300. Agility of the whole body (aft. 4 h.). 

Very weary in the feet on going up stairs (aft. 6 d.). 

On walldng in the open air the legs feel bruised and he is 
tuddenly overcome by sleep, so that he must hasten to sit down. 

In the midst of a walk he became exhausted, and stili more so 
afterwards when sitting. 

Laziness and heaviness of the whole body with a feeling of 
anxiety, as if threatened with apoplexy and as if he would fall ; at 
the same time feeling of beat of the face and of the whole body, 
minsled with shivering (aft. } h.). 
305. He could net He on either side, he did not feel right in any 
position, and did not know why. 

On awaking he lies on bis back, the left band under the occiput. 

In the morning in bed he could not lie with the head at ali low 
(though he was accustomed to do so) on account of great rush of 
blood to the brain, without feeling any attendant beat in the head 
(aft. 17 h.). 

Frequent yawning (with chilliness) (aft. ^ h.). 

Drowsiness. [St/.] 
310. In the morning wide awake, but when he shuts the eyes he has 
inclination to sleep. [Kr,] 

In the evening in bed weariness of the eyes ; they closed, yet he 
could not sleep. 

At nisht, on account of restlessness, he did not sleep ; he only 
did so a little in the morning (aft. 12 h.). 

Sleepless wakefulness before midnight and no inclination to fall 
asleep (aft. la h.). 

He could not fall asleep before midnight. 
315. In the morning at break of day great desire to go to sleep, with 
inability to do so. 

Frequent turning and wakin?, in bed at night (aft. 3Ó h.). 

Frequent loud talking in sleep, with many confused dreams 
(aft. 8 h.). 

He starts in bis dream and wakes up in consequence. 


Towards morning vivid dreams. [Kr*"] 

320. Dreams of incendiar^ flres. 

Dream that a horse bit him in the upper arm and kicked him in 
the chest ; on awaking the chest was painful externally. 

Suarrelling and fighting in dream, 
reams of mcidents that lasted a long time, with exertion of the 
thinking ^ulty. 

Vexatious dreams. 
325. Slow, loud blowing expiration in sleep, before midnight (aft. 

Slow,Ioud blowing inspiration, after midnight (aft. 12 h.). 

In the afternoon sTeep a rapid shaking of the arms and hands. 

Palpitation of the heart (aft. 4 h.). 

An unusual beating at the heart, not as if the heart itself palpi- 
330. Severe palpitation of the heart, with great beat in the cardiac 

Small pulse that can scarcely be felt. [De Harsu, 1. e, p. 134.] 

A disagreeable sensation in the periosteum of the limbs, as in the 
commencement of an ague (aft. 5 h.). 

Seems to cause a great susceptibility to catch cold. 

In the afternoon a slight shiverin^ (aft. 30 h.) . 
335* In the afternoon often a slight shivering ali over ; on walking in 
the open air it became black before the eyes, and when standing there 
occurred a shaking and tossing of the muscles of the limbs, which 
she could not keep stili, for several minutes, without chilly feeling ; 
then when sitting there came on beat in the head and face. 

General shivering Hmmediately). 

Sensation as if cool water were poured over the head on to the 
chest (immediately). [Msch,"] 

ChiUiness in the room, ali day, especially after a sleep in the 
evem'ng (aft. 24 h.). 

ChiUiness of the legs up to the knee, with beat rising up towards 
the head and rush of blood to the head. 
340. Rigor with feeling of coldness, for two hours, without thirst and 
without being actually cold ; then great warmth (also when walking 
in the open air), with thirst and sweat on the forehead and chest, 
especially in the scrobiculus cordis (immediately). 

Chili, in the afternoon, especially on the upper arms (aft. 3 h.). 

Cold feeling in the left arm as if ice lay on it (immediately). 

Cold feeling on the knees (immediately). 

(On drinking a shivering in the calves.) 
345. General shivering (immediately).^ 

ChiUiness, with dryness in the mouth and thirst (immediately), 
then headache ; beating on one side, foUowed by out-pressing in the 
middle of the forehead and great chilliness in the open air (aft. ^ h.). 

Cold feeling in the left scapula (immediately). 

Cold feeling in both arms and in the left side. 

^ Repetition of 3)7. 



UMS^sm ?OLirT ArsTBudJS, 

E^irni^ tae Tàìil mirT nrniiTg iil 

Ix zot cssxsaz £:uic Trgììng jp'r'tiTiir fan^scn^ xl!! 
'^ TL'f^r 2C tsis: Tninifiinii'gniffiL ir tic ^aiTT.^ aca£ 
Lt cJtf ^ 2C ràe siOBB- rmg- -v-rr >ms«. ^n'srràóns^ 

\ withoul 

m:.g -ir asc ; 

imacn:^ pzrs tt^nrarr iste sei n-ri«^ 2i x nier 


in dn 




àrADt i&cwEn 2Ser che o&jf arrrng ss l>.'a ' AL<i <£nr wznndi, whec 

Oa dse dkfdB ijghrr 2 rrj.fnr» ca£ "^^^^ ci coldncss, witl 
beat of cise irxixau psro. 

Durtcg tiie duK or frrÌTiTg or ooufaes he ms qoìcc wann, jet he 
wa» ocoicr2£cc<i to lae <2ovn asd otic hsnaeìf wcQ iq> ; he had 
{Tcae ilrfs»» in the mooth ; he thes broàe ocst in prafìise sweat ali 
i^er, withoot hoc ferHn^ 00 tke c u e ma rr he had ahrap shirer- 
ing CMrtT the fweating (ans, s if eoose-skin ran orcr thcm ; at the 
fSUBC WDc tbapginz nocsc in the can. 

(Aw2ka in the moming with violent hcadache, some heat 
akernatifig with chili ; he cduM noe kare the bed; (afL 36 h.). 
36c« Internai warmth, withocit thiist. 

A/ttT a mcal heat of the £ice. 

Sensatkm of wannth, iriiich graduaDj passcd orcr into heat (in a 
woman in the zoomagnctic slcep, from touching with the soutli-pole), 
[Hti%ictULy L c^ p. 4.] 

Wann sensation at the point of contact. 

Hc^ hands after midni^t in bed. 
565. Waimtll ali over, espedally in the Ind: (afL 6 h.). 

Uncomfortable, unusual heat, with surlj disposition (the isl 
36h,). [fz.] 

At varìous dmes heat mshing over one part of the body to 
anocher^ f.g, front the thigh down over the tibia. [//itA.] 

Wben lying in the evening in bed, ebullidon in the blood, as if 
tt bopped in the blood-vessels. 

For two successive momings persjHradon in sleep. 
370* In the night general sweat. 

Tliirst for two days, without heat. 

Great dread of open air ; even when it is not cold it penetratcs 
through the marrow of the bones, with feverish, lachrymose humour 
(afe 12 h,). 

From a slight cause^ violent anger ; he becomes hasty and trem* 
blingy and breaUu out into violent language. [St/.] 


Wild, hasty, harsh, violent in word and deed (which he is not 
himself aware of) ; he asserts himself with vehemence and despises 
• others, with distortcd features. [St/,"] 
375. After walking in the open air quarrelsome, surly (aft. 20 h.). 

After a sleep, towards evening, extremely cross and surly (aft. 
24 h.). 

Surly, cross, peevish (aft. 3 d.), [5^.] 

He is silent ; it vexes him to speak (aft. 2 d.). [Stf,] 

Society is disagreeable to him, he wants to be alone. [St/,] 
380. He dislikes cheerftil faces (aft. 3 d.). \_Stf] 

He is much given to start when any onb touches him. 

Cheerless, dejected, as if he were alone, or had received some bad 
news, fbr three hours (immediately). 

Weeping (immediately). 

Irresolution (the first hours). 
385. Great sadness, discontented with himself. 

Dislike to work and peevishness. 

Great quickness of fancy. 

fOL u. B 


(Acetatf qf Mangamese,) 

Manganese, or the black oxyde of manganese, is carefullv triturateci 
in a stone mortar with equal parts by weight of pure crystallised green 
vitriol (sulphate of iron), and then, mixed with some saccharine syrup, 
formed into balls the size of a hen's egg, which are heated in glowing 
charcoal and kept for some minutes at a white beat. The solution of 
this in pure (distilled or rain) water contains pure sulphate of manga- 
nese, the sediment remaining contains the excess of oxyde of manga- 
nese, mixed with oxyde of iron. 

The carbonate of manganese — a white powder— obtained by preci- 
pitation from the clear solution by means of carbonate of soda, and 
frequently washed with water, is dissolved by boiling in distilled vine- 
gar to saturation, that is, so that some of the powder stili remains at 
the bottom. The clear supernatant fluid {acetate of manganese) is 
evaporated to the consistence of syrup. A drop of this, representing 
unity, is diluted with a hundred drops of alcohol by two succussions 
(made by two strolces of the arm), and this dilution is carried on further 
until the decillion-fold dilution is obtained, which I bave latterly 
employed for homceopathic medicina! use. 

Even this would stili be too powerful for most cases, so that only a 
small portion of a drop of it is given for a dose. 

It will be perceived from the following symptoms how extremely 
powerful this medicine is, and if, as I wish, it shall be further proved 
by other accurate observers, we shall know how indispensable it is for 
many of the worst chronic ailments, for which other medicines are not 
so perfectly homceopathically suitable. 

It will be found to be venr eflicacious, especially in some intolerable 
pains in the periosteum ana joints, diminution of the senses, and 
diseases of the larynx and trachea. 

In small doses it acts for several weeks. 

Many alternating actions will be found amongst its symptoms. 

[Hahnemann was aidcd in this proving by Ahner, Franz, Cross, Hatnel, 
HoRNBURG, Langhammer, L. Ruckert, Stapf, Teuthorn, Urban, Wahlb, 

The only old-school authority cited is : 

Kapp, System. Dar steli, d, V erbe ss, d. Arznei d. Chemie, 

The number of symptoms is the same in both editions, viz. 331. The Ch, Kr, has 
138 additional symptoms, 109 of these being furnishcd byNENNlNC] 

' From voi. vi, and edit., 1817. 



( Vertigo when sitting and standing -, he must lay hold oti some- 
thing ; he tends to fall forwards.) 

Head gloomy and confused, with general exhaustion, when 
sitting. [Hnl.] 

Confusion and heaviness, fìrdt in the oCciput, then in the fore- 
head. [Hnl.] 

Semilateral headache (aft. 4^ h.). ^mg.] 
5, Every time he walks out in the open air,* slow drawitlg dtitches 
— more rarely shooting aching — in the sinciput (after being some 
time in the room this pain in the head ceased) ; at the same time 
rigor without goose-skin, ali over the body, also only in the open 
air, which was allayed in the room (aft. I4 n.). 

Contractive shooting pain in the whole sinciput, now bere, now 
there, especially in the tempie— chiefly in the open air. 

In the room a dull sensadon in the head. 

On rising from a seat and walking out, a sudden sharp aching 
pain over the left tempie, which went oiF entirely on sitting down 
again, and did not return on rising up, in the evening. [St/,] 

In the right frontal bone a Durning sensation m one spot (aft. 
4 h.). [Hbg.] 

IO. Pressi ve stupefying pain on the fbrehead, which at length changed 
into needle pricks in its right side (afì. ^ h,). [Lr,] 

Pressive stupefying pains externally on the forehead, which at 
length changed into boring internai stitches in its left side (aft. 
sili.). [Lr.] 

Obtuse pressive pain on the frontal bone superiorly (aft. i h.). 

Drawing tearing pain over the right eye (aft. 18 d.ì. 

A burning achmg pain in the sides of the heaa and occiput 
which was diminished by walking in the open air. 
15. Dull aching pain in the occiput, with feeling of emptiness in it, 
which takes away bis senses, and is diminished by laying the band on 

'ben walking, even in the room, a shooting shock over the 
right eye. 

Drawing pain in the occiput, the orbita and the forehead, 
which latter is aggravated by stooping, and goes ofF by pressure with 
the band. [/%.] 

Drawing tensive pain bere and there in the head. \^Stf.'] 

Drawing pain first on the left then on the right tempie, almost as 
if in the bone. [Hnl.] 
20. Tearing in the left side of the forehead as if in the bone, espe- 
cially on moving the frontal muscles. [Hnl.] 

Drawing tearing pains in the left side of the head for half an hour 
(aft. 8 h.). {y/r.] 

digging pain in the temples^ whioh extends 

* Altemating action with 14 and 2|. 

it. [/a 


Ti6 MANGANUM aceticum. 

towards the eyes and forehead, ìs not removed by j 
temal pressure wìth the hand, goes off on stoo^ 
forwaioB,* hut retanu on BÌttmg npright and bendi 
hackwards (aft. 4 h-}- [^'-«■J 

The hcadache that was persistcnt in the room goes o(F Ìd 
open air, and he fccls himself frce from his oCher sufièrings and w 

A shooting extemal hcadache under the left parietal bone, wh 
spmds to ali sides of the skull. [/fi-.] 
25. Tearìngs and tearìng jerks on the occiput externally, Tot th 
successive afternoons ; at othcr timcs this part was the seat of sin 
pain, prr se, but was tnore painful when touched. 

In the morning, in bed, an externa] headache consisting of I 
nccdle-pricks on the right occipital bone, which extended to the l 
cervical vertebra, and was aggravated by turning the neck, for 
hour and a half. [/^*.] 

Transient stitches above the right temporal region extcrna 
altemating with a kind of buzzing. [t/r.] 

Fersistent sticches in the Icft temporal bone, [fini.] 

Single knife-stabs on the left side of the forehead, when at 1 
and when moving (afi. 33 h.). [Lr.] 

90. Intermittent needle-prìcks on the left side of the forehead ( 
15 h.). [ir.] 

On shaking the head a painful shock in the brain. 

On walking quickly a shock, like violent shooting in the h 
above the right eye (att. 20 d.). 

On moving 2 shockf of the brain and an aching pain in 
head ; at the same time aching pain in the epigastrium. [FxJ] 

The blood mounts to his head, when sitting, standing, wall 
and lying, with feeling of heat in the face, without external redi 
or heat (aft. 3 h.)- [^^-] 
35. Cold feeling in a small part of the crown, with standing on 
of the hair, even when the head is covcred. [Fx.] 

During the whole duration of action, a miserable, pale, sun 
appearance of the l^ce, as from excessive indulgence in coitus. [i 

In the righi superciliary arch a necdle-prick inwards (aft. 31 

[^'•] . 

Twitching running to and fro in the right eye, which cause 
almost agreeable tìckling. [L. Rit.'] 

On moving the eye inwards and upwards a sharp pressure 
thceyeball. [H«/.] 
40. While reading by candlelight an aching in the eyes, as f 
readìng too much, with irresisttble drowsiness (aft. I2 h.). [ff^z- 

Persistent dryness of the eyes, in the evening. [Hni.] 

Feeling of heat and dryness of the eyes. [L. Rit.J 

Swol&n eyelìda. [Lr.] 
Contraeteci pnpils (aft. i) h.). [TVn.] 

45. Very dilated pu^iu ; the light dazzles hìm, there is pai 

the ercs ; on approaching the light the pupils certainly coni 

* Altunitiag actioa with 17. f Comp, nith t6, jt, ji. 


graduali/, but rapidly dilate again on removing the light (aft. 
18 h.). 

The right pupil is more dilated than the left. 

Dilated pupils (aft. 4 h.). [/%.] — (aft. 25 h.). [Lr.] 

During the whole action of the medicine^ very COntracted 
pupilfl) and only for short periods, chiefly in the evening, they are 
sometimes slightìy dilated. [Stf,] 

During the contraction of the pupils dimness of vision ; he can- 
not perfectly make out objects at a distance. [/z.] 
50. Great shortsightedness ; he could make out nothing distinctly at 
a short distance,^ for many days. 

(In the evening, on shutting the eyes, he saw sparks of fìre, like 
fire wheels ; but when he looked into the light these appearances were 

If he looks closely at objects held near him, even if they are not 
bright the eyes are painfulf and he must shut them ; they are more 
painful on approaching the light. 

The eyelids are painful on moving them ever so slightly, and 
when he looks at a bright light they are very dryj: and feel as when 
first waking from sleep in the morning. [/"z.] 

Twitching stitches in both upper eyelids. [-//r.] 
55. Throbbing in the right upper eyelid. [Fz.] 

On a small spot in the left zygoma, a pressive, digging pain in 
fits, at night in bed. [^Gss,] 

Pain on the zygoma, below the eye, as if a sore would break out 
there. [St/.'] 

After stooping roaring in the ears and^ for a moment, hardness of 
hearing, as if the ears were stopped up. [Fz.'\ 

Deafiaess : bis ears feel as if stopped up with cotton 

(aft. 12 h.). [Lr.] 
60. Twitching, shooting, pinching pain in the outer part of the left 
ear, which only went off gradually by strong rubbing. [yfr,] . 
A kind of earache in the left ear (aft. i h.). [Hbg,] 
A borri ble pain in the teeth leaves her suddeniy and settles in the 
internai ear. [Stf.'] 

In the ear, a crawling tickling sensation in the region 
of the membrana tympani, as if causedby the board of a 
feather; it is not allayed by boring in the finger (aft. i^, 
12, IS h.). [Hòg.] 

In the internai bone of the ear a digging, at night. [Gss,] 
65. In the forenoon especially, when walking quickly, a violent 
shooting drawing pain from the forehead into the ear^ which ended in 
the membrana tympani as a persistent out-darting stitch as long as 
he continued to walk ; after standing stili this pain gradually sub- 
sided (aft. 48 h.). 

Every time he laughs a violent di^wing shooting pain from the 
stomach up into the ear in the region of the membrana tympani. 

Every time he speaks an obtuse shooting pain in the ear.§ 

* Comp. with 49. J, Comp. with 41, 41. 

f Comp. with 40. ^ Comp. with 68, 69. 


From time to time sharp aching ia the rìght ear, when walking 
in the open air, as if earache would come on, in the evening. 

A scraping shooting sensation in the region ot the membrana 
tymaini. [Hbg.] 
70. Cramp-like, aching pain behind the left ear, which went off on 
touching, when walking in the open air (aft. 34 h.). [/#r.] 

In the morning noise in the ear, like the rìneing of bells.* 

When walking a sensation in the rìght ear, like a frog croaking. 

Cold feeling in the rìght ear, like a cold wind blowing into it 

Tearìng in the mastoid process under the right ear. [//»/.] 
75- An aching contractive sensation in the parotid glands (aft. } h.). 

A suppurating pimple at the angle of the rìght ala nasi (aft, 3 h.). 

In both angles of the lips ulcerative pain, as if a bad eruption 
were there, though no sore is visible in the angles of the lips. 

A red pimple on the lower lip, near the right orai commissure, 
which of itself has a tensive pain (aft. 3^ h.). ILrJ] 

After eating, a peculiar sensation on the right and left upper and 
lower jaws, like cramp, lasting for some time (aft. 7^ h.). [Lr.] 
80. In the lower jaw, a sensation as if the newly-formed scab of an 
ulcer were torn oiF, consisting of soreness and excorìation (aft. 

13 h.). [H^i'ì 

Stitchei in the right angle of the lower jaw towards the parotid 

gland. [HnL] 

A suppurating pimple on the chin, which of itself has a tensive 
pain and leaves a red mark (aft 4 h.). [Z^r.] 

On the chin a pain as if he had scraped himself there with a 
jagged razor, or as if some sore or ulcer would break out there. 

In the angle of the right lip a pimple,t which on moving the 
mouth and on touching it has a tensive and eroding prìcking 

85. A suppurating pimple on the lower lip, near the rìght commis- 
sure of the mouth, with a red areola, which of itself, but more when 
touched, has a burning tensive pain (aft. 25 h.). [Lr.] 

For many days dry, quite parched lips, with corrugateci epidermis, 
without thirst. 

On clapping the teeth together, each time a shoot in one of the 
upper teeth, now in one and now in another. 

Tearing drawing toothache,]: in the morning in bed (aft. 4 d.). 

In an under and an upper molar, on the right side (sore) tooth- 
ache, increased to an intolerable deeree by the slightest cool drink. 
90. In a molar on the right side a (drawing) pain, which often 

^ From chiorìde of manganese. Comp. with 58» 7t. 
f Comp. with 77, 7S. X ^omp. with 90-^93> 


goes oiF suddenly, and gives place to (drawing) pains in other parts, 
on the face, neck, and right arm. [Stf.] 

Toothache of a horrible kind : it darts suddenly into two some- 
what deq^yed molars opposite to one another — more in the upper — 
where the pain is then indescribable, thence it goes occasionally into 
the arm, the zygoma, the throat or the ear, and again returns to the 
teeth, wìth complete prostration of the strength— he can scarcely walk, 
he must lie down^ with extraordinary internai uneasiness and oppres- 
sion ; by a few mouthfuls of coffee the pain, when at its height, was 
momentarìly removed, but after a minute recurred with ali its former 
violence — ^with rather dilated pupils ; it was somewhat alleviated by 
biting on something elastic, or by laying the forehead on the table, but 
it was much aggravated by sitting upright. [St/,] 

The pains in the teeth last four or nve days, and come on 
especially in the forenoon from io to 12 o'clock and in the evening ; 
by a kind of drawing (sucking) with the tongue on the painful tooth 
there occurs a very painful jerk in it, whereupon the pains cease for 
some time, [St/.'] 

The tooth is very painfully sensitive (as if ulcerated) to the 
slightest touch, less so when not touched. [Stf,] 

In the left upper jaw a pain as after a blow or knock (aft. 2 h.). 

95. When laughing a violent twitching, shooting pain from the 
right side of the lower jaw to the right tempie (aft. 6 d.). 

In the morning drawing cramp in the muscle in the left mastoid 
process, so that he must hoTd his head to the right side. [Fz.] 

A horrible pain in the teeth leaves them suddenly and goes into 
the cervical muscles ; the neck feels swollen and stiflF. [5//1] 

In the evening a cramp-like pain in the muscles of the nape, on 
moving them. [^.] 

Drawing tensive stiiFnest of the nape, which alternates with 
toothache. [St/.] 
TOC. A stiiFness of the nape. [£. iii/.] 

At night a digging in the most internai part of> the cervical 
vertebrae. [Gss.] 

Dry lips and palate almost ali day. [Fz,] 

Dry scraping and scratching in the throat making him hawk 
often. [St/.] 

In the morning, dry throat without thirst. [Fz."] 
105. During empty deglutition, each time obtuse stitches deep down 
in the throat, he felt nothing when swallowing food.*^ 

On both sides of the throat an obtuse stitch, only during empty 

When swallowing, each time an obtuse stitch from both sides of 
the larynx— each time two stitches, one from either side — also when 
swallowing food or drink, which shooting went each time into the 
left ear. 

Collection of bitter tasting water in the mouth, with inclinatioa 
to vomit. [Jfr.] 

* Altemating action with 107, 


Collection of saliva in the mouth, as from smoking too strong 
tobacco (aft. 4J h.). [Hbg.'] 
Ilo. Flow of saliva.* [KapPj^ System. DarstelL d. Verbess. d. Arznei d. 

An oily taste in the mouth. 

In the morning, on waking, bitter taste in the mouth, with dry 
lips, without thirst (aft. 6 h.). 

More insipidity than bitterness remains in the mouth ali day, in 
spite of eating. 

When eating, only as long as the food was in the mouth did he 
have a good taste of it, and when drinking, a good taste of the liquid 
as long as it was in his mouth ; but immediately after eating or 
drinking the insipidity with a little bitterness was again there. 
115. In the morning everything tasted bitter, but the taste in the 
mouth was ali rìght (aft. 48 h.) . 

Sourish bitter, dry sensation in the mouth, and qualmish warmth 
from the stomach up into the mouth, in the morning (aft 11 d.). 

In the morning after rìsing an earthy smeli, like day, from the 
mouth, observable by those about him, but not by himself. [Stf^ 

Eructation. [>/r.] 

Occasionally sensation in the stomach as if he would vomit 
120. Feeling of satiety and fulness ; but when he ate the food had a 
good taste, and the feeling of fulness was diminished by eating. [//»/.] 

An aching hunery feeling in the throat. 

At noon he had no appetite, and was as if satiated ; eating was 
repugnant to him, as from satiety ; but the food tasted ali rìght (aft. 
30 h.). 

Complete absence of thirst, too little desire to drink, for many 

Neither hunger nor appetite ; when he saw the food he loathed 
it, and yet it tasted very good. [ff^e^ 
125. Sour, burning sensation, like heartburn, ftom the stomach 
nearly into the mouth, in the evening (aft. several d.). 

In the morning, on rìsing, sourìsh burning, sick feeling ftom the 
stomach up to the mouth, like heartburn (aft. 9 d.). 

Pressure on the rìght side of the stomach, as if a stone lay on the 
outside of it (aft. 1 h.). \^HbgJ] 

On raising up and stretching the body each time stitches in the 
scrobiculus cordis at the left lowest rìb. \_Fz,'\ 

Rough sensation from the upper part of the abdomen to the 
sternum (aft. i^h.). [^Hbg^ 
130. Burning and sore feeling from the scrobiculus cordis up under 
the sternum to the palate, with great restlessness. 

Whilst eating, and especially when walking, an aching under 
the scrobiculus cordis, and yet the part is painless when touched. 

* From chloride of manganese. 
* Not accessible. 


In the stomach feeling of heat, as after prolonged h unger, 
which rìses up in the oesophagus to the head, where then a shooting 
tviritching, sometimes tensive shcx)ting pain, occurs in the temples and 

Drawing in the region of the stomachi with nausea there, as if 
the scrobiculus cordis suddenly dilated from within. [Fz.] 

Aching in the scrobiculus cordis and on the chest, aggravated by 
touch * [/z.] 
135. (Under the last ribs an aching sore pain, increased by move« 
ment and touching.)t 

Under the last ribs bruised pain. 

In the morning, after rising, aching contractive pain in the 
stomach, in every position of the body (aft. 24 h.). 

Aching in the region of the stomach while eating, which goes oft 
on layin^ on the hands. [/z.] 

WhiTst eating drawing aching pain in the abdomen, which goes 
oiF immediately after eating. [/z.] 
140. Discomfort from the stomach up to the head, as when a person 
unused to tobacco has smoked. 

From the middle of the abdomen to the half of the 
chest (the cesophagus) a risin^-up feeling, consisting of 
nausea, warmth, and contraction. 

An aching rather tensive pain about and above the navel, foUowed 
by severe pain as ftom flatulence, with discharge of flatus. [C/r.] 

In the umbilical region, drawing aching pain in the abdomen, in 
the morning. [/z.] 

On breathing deeply cutting pains internally in the umbilical 
region, for an hour. [//«/.] 
145. Cutting in the umbilical region, before dinner. [HnL] 

Extremely aggravated aching in the abdomen, from eating cold 
things. [Fz.] 

An indescribable pain in the abdomen. [Stf,'\ 

In the evening cutting in the abdomen. [/z.] 

Splashing in the abdomen when walking, as if the bowels 
splashed. [Fz.] 
150. The whole abdomen is painful, in the evening, per se^ as if 
ulcerated ; at the same time aching in the hypochondria. [/z.] 

A stitch in the left side, the renai region, followed immediately 
by contractive, twitching-like pain. [f/r.] 

Frequent grumbling along the rectum to the anus (aft. i h,). 

No stool occurred the first day. [Fz.] 

Constipation for 48 hours. [Trn.] 
155. Rare, dry stool, evacuated with difficulty. [Z/^/.] 

Two soft stoois, each time preceded by some stitches in the 

Yellow, gritty stool, with tenesmus and constriction of the 
anus, after passing one day without an evacuation of the bowels. XFz.'\ 

* Comp. with 135, 136. 

t From chloride of manganese. Comp^ with 1 50. 


Some minutes before the stool, and then durìng the stool, : 
pinchìng in the abdomen and in the side, whìch only goes ofF by coni' 
pressine the abdomcn with the hands, and after the evacuation of i 
rather loose and viscid stool completely disappears ; at the sanie timi 
rigor. [Fz.] 

Very [uie yellow and, compared with what had been eaten 
scanty stool, precedei by slight pìnching pain in the abdomcn 

loo. Frequent urging to unnate.* 
Urging to urinate. [^<^f •] 
Whilst eating a (single) appiè, immediately urging to uiinatt 

Frequent nrginr to urinate, with aoanty dÌBoh&rg< 
of orine (aft. 2 h.). [ir.] 

Frequent discharge of golden yellow urine — from the very lini 

165. Frequent urging to orinate, with sreat flow of nrint 

(aft. 27 h.). [ir.] 

Horrible cutting in the region of Che bladder, without urging ti 
urinate, for some hours, when sitting, very much increased by rìsin; 
and movine, so that he was compelled to sit stili, in the evening 
but he couTd pass hìs urine without suiFerìng, though the cutting ii 
the vesical region had not ceased. [Hni.] 

Fine shooting pain at the orìfìce of the urethra, when no 

When sitting, if he has a sllent discharge of flatus, an obtus 
stitch darts very painfully in the back part of the urethra. [S//".] 

Cutting in the middle of the urethra, when not urlnatìng. [^tìnl. 

170. SometìmeB a ìiuming twìtching sensation mm thi 
region of the seminai veaioleB forwardi into the giani 
peniB (aft 12 d.). 

On the ooroua glandis, TolnptuouB ìtching (aft. 3, 5 h.] 

Stitches in the prepuce. [//«/.] 

Aching drawing pains and feeling of weakness in the testide 
and spermatic cord, as if the latter were drawn up ; at the sam 
time ^eling of wealcness of the whole of the genital organa, for twi 
hours. [Hnl,] 

Catamenia at an unusual time (aft. 48 h.). 


175, Coryza (aft. 36 h.). 

Stoppage of the nose }| he could get no air through the noie. 
Violent stuftèd coryza (aft. 4. d.). 

In the morning on rising from bed, rough throat, with hoarse 
wooden voice, [i. Rit,] 

In the morning rough voice, without sensation, in the throat 
the roughness goes off when smoking tobacco. [Fz.] 
• Comp.with 161 to 165. 

ÌComp. with 16I, 160. 
iTS. i76j.TOmp. wt(h 18S, 1J7. 


180. In the open air he immediately gets dry throat and rough voice, 
with cutting aching in the abdomen and nausea in the chest. 

StuiFed coryza, with inflamed^ red and sore nose and upper lip, 
in the evening. [/^z.] 

Frequent sneezing and discharge from the nose of bland mucus 
as clear as water. [Stf.] 

In the right clavicle a gnawing and digging (aft. 36 h.). [Gw.] 

First slight warmth, afterwards burning sensation in the cheeics, 
which at first occurred without externally perceptible, but after- 
wards with perceptible heat, with coryza and sick warmth in the 
chest. [Fz.] 
185. On the chest disagreeable warmth ; the breath is hot and burns 
in the trachea. [Fz.'] 

Sensation of febrile weakness on the chest and disagreeable 
warmth in it, with coryza and stufFed nose. [/z.] 

In the evening, first internai chilliness, without external cold- 
ness, then slight warmth in the chest and stuiFed coryza, with hot 
breath, which he feels in the fauces when inspiring and expiring. 

A drawing stitch constantly darting down and up in the left 
side of the chest. 

On expiration, shooting in the upper part of the chest (aft. 
IO d.). 
190. Sometimes on expiration an upward drawing shooting pain in 
the chest. 

Contractive shooting pain on the sternum when breathing 
deeply, ali the forenoon (aft. 9 d.). 

A grumbling downwards-drawing sensation in the lower part of 
the chest. 

Burning shooting pain under the second left rib, that 

is increased by expiration and movement, but is somewhat relieved by 
rest and inspiration. [>/r.] 

Internai warmth, especially in the chest ; the limbs felt warm to 
him, and were actually rather warm to the touch (aft. ji h.). 

195. On both sides of the sternum, somewhat above the scrobiculus 
cordiSj an aching cutting pain, like a digging, in the evening (aft. 
8 h.). [Gss.] 

A dull pain in the sternum, as after a blow, in the morning. 

In the evening in bed, beating in the right side of the chest, 
just as if the heart were beating there. [/z.] 

Palpitation of the heart. [Fz.] 

When 3itting a sudden blow on the left side of the chest, from 
above downwards, to the last true rib. [Fz.] 
200. Bruised pain on the chest. 

Flying stitches in the upper part of the sternum. [C/r.] 

In the morning several fine needle-pricks, now in the left now 
in the right side of the sternum. [^.] 


Violent stitches closely following onc another in the right 
side of the chest, ncar the sternum, from the second to the fourth 
and fifth ribs, as if coming from the outside, not removable either by 
movement or rest, for half an hour, [fVz.l 

Irritation to cough : he seeks to detach by coughing something 
adherent in the larynx, but only a little mucus is brought up with 
difficulty and rather by a certain sharp expiratory movement of the 
chest than by actual cough. [^StfJ] 
205. Reading aloud and speaking cause a dry cough ; then occurs a 
painful dryness and roughness in the larynx, which, in conjunction 
with a constriction of the larynx, causes a very painful cough, 
durine which some mucus is expectorated only after long hawking. 

In the morning inclination to cough.* 

Morning cough with expectoration (aft. 21 h.). \_Hbg,'] 

In the morning he expectorates, almost without coughing, a 
quantity of dull greenish yellow mucus in lumps. [Stf.'l 

When coughing an obtuse pain on the chest. \Stf,'\ 
210. Deep cough, without expectoration, al] day, which ceased when 
lying down, returned the following day with tenacious mucous expec- 
toration, and pain as of a concussion in the scrobiculus cordis and 
chest, but wcnt ofFquickly at noon. [Z. RkiJ] 

A dry cough, and every cough is felt in the sides of the head. 

Bloody expectoration (aft. 48 h.). 

Above the left pelvic region towards the first lumbar vertebra a 
small spot of burning pain (aft. 4 h.). \^Hbg,'\ 

Itching shooting pain in the middle of the back, towards the left 
side, which wcnt off by rubbing with the hand. [-^r.] 
215. Tearing pain down the whole spine for six hours^ when at rest 
and when moving. [-^r.] 

Tearing in the muscles of the left scapula, when sitting (aft. 

i h.).. [in] 

First in the shoulder-joint, then in the elbow-joint, sensation 

like an internai clucking, but on both joints externally, when 

touched, an intolerable pain like a boil ^ he dared not grasp it. 

Drawing and tearing from the shoulder down through the whole 


On stretching out the arm, a tensive pain % below the elbow as 
if it were too short there ; he did not feel it on keeping the arm 
220. Drawing tensive pain from both shoulders over the nape, as if a 
band were tightly tied there. [5^.] 

An out-Doring shooting pain on the inner side of the right upper 
arm, for a quarter of an hour, [^r.] 

Single stitches in the upper part of the right upper arm towards 
the shoulder. [^r.] 

• From chlorìde ot manganese. * 

t Comp. with 1x6, 121. 

X Comp. with 110, 14.1, and 166. 



Drawing tearing pain on the inner side of the left upper arni. 

udden twitching pain in the outer side of the righi upper arm. 

225. In the lower end of the shaft of the humerus a gnawing pam, at 
night (aft. 12 h.). [Gss.] 

In the shaft of the humerus a digging about pain in fìts, at night 
when lying in bed on that side, [y/r.] 

Weakness of the arm. 

Sudden feeling of weakness in the upper arm, so that he must 
let it sink down ; at the same time drawing in the biceps muscle. 

Pain by fits in the joints of the arms. 
230. A morbid sad feeling in the arm. 

A horrible toothache suddenly goes off, and the pain goes into 
the arm, which then pains as if paralysed. [St/,"] 

A tensive pain bere and there in the joints of the band and arm, 
which is not excited or allayed by rest or by movement. [Stf,'\ 

Hard pressure in the musdes, now of the nj^^nt, now 
of the left forearm. dose to the wrist-joint, in every 

pOSition (aft. I h.). [Zr.] 

Tearing pain on the lower end of the radius of the left forearm, 
as if in the bone, which is not altered by anything, for three minutes. 

235. Drawing shooting pain* on the back of the right forearm. [^r.] 

Tearing stitches above the right wrist towards the forearm, 

Stitches in the right carpai bones, then feeling of pain, as if the 
capsule of the Joint were dilated and the bones seized hold of and 
drawn out. \}re,'] 

Tearing shooting pinching pain in the left palm, on the ball of 
the thumb, not altered by anything, for four minutes. [>/r.] 

A firm drawing tensive pain in the bones of the right band and 
wrist joint, almost as if tightly bound ; after this went off a beat 
spread over the band. \Stf^ 

240. Cramp-like tearing t in the muscles of the right hand, 
especialfy those of the thumb and index, when at rest 
and when moving (aft. 2^ h.). [Lr.] 

Tickling itching — more tickling than itching — in the left palm, 
only allayed for an instant by scratching, but then recurring ali the 
more severely ; the pain was only permanently relicved by licking 
with the tongue, in the evening. [/^z.] 

On spreading out the fingers, tension in the skin of the ring 
finger. [/*%.] 

Drawing tearing in the whole of the left middle finger. [i/«/.] 

A drawing or twitching pain in the index (in the evening). 

* The drawing shooting pain seems to be allied to the twitching shooting in 
262, as also with the tearing stitches, 272. 

t The cramp-like tearing seems to be very much the same as the drawing tension» 
ft20 and 239, also 266» and the cramp-like drawing» 252. 


145. In the proximal joint of the left index, pain as if be had had 
blow on it — a paralytic pain, most fcit when at rest (aft. i h.) 


Cutting pain in the lowest phalanx of the tight index, with wani 
feeling in it. [Az.] 

From a small scratch (on the proximal joìnt of the little fìnger 
there occurs a malìgnant ulcer, full of pus, with a blue areoU w 
fhooting pain in it, especially at night. 

Burnìng itching on the outer border of the rìght thumbtb 
excites scratching, whereupon a red spot occurs that cominucs lo 
a long lime (aft. 11 h.). [ir.] 

Burning itching on the outer border of the tight thumb, wbìc 
compcls scratching, whereupon a blister appcared which contained 
fluid, and when touched thcre occurred smarting pain (aft. 30 h, 
350. In the Icft thumb, opposite the nail, a quickly occurring ce 
feeling, [i//.] 

In the muscles of the left buttock a burning point, as if a pusti 
would come on thcre, chiefly whensitting (aft. 4 h.). [W/>/.] 

Oh the left buttock, towards the anus, a cramp-like drawir 
which on extcnding the left thìgh, on standing alone on that leg, a 
in the acc of sitting down, ìs increased, bui which goes off almi 
completcly when flcxing the leg and sitting ; it is most troublesoi 
when rìsing from bis seat, so that he cannot walk unless he pres 
hìs band upon it. [Fz."} 

In the ischium pain when sitting, a persistent stìtch. 

Wcakness in both thighs and legs, with drowsiness. [.^.J 
2j5. In the lower cxtremities twitchìng of ali the muscles on t 
slightcst movcmcnt. [Fx.] 

In the morning paralytic weakness in the tight hip-joìnt 3 
Stitchcs thcrcin when trcadingj he must lìmp. [//«/,] 

Hruised pain transversety across the thighs. 

Shooting pinching pains in a small spot of the outer side of 1 
thigh, which went on' on sitting, but increased so much on walkì 
that he must stand stili. [Trn.] 

After walking a twitching internally of the muscles in 1 
thighs, which causes anxiety and a faint feeling as if he would li 
tc^thcr. [/"«.] 
a6o. l'he border of the glutei muscles at the head of the thigli 
painful, as if hruised, especially when sitting. {_Fx.] 

Eruption on the thighs, pimples, on the tops of which a s< 
furms, with burnìng itching, in the momìng and evening; af 
rubbing ic pains as ìt cxcorìated and ulcerated. 

In the evening, twitching shooting pain from abo' 
the kneo to the upper p.irt of the thigh (aft. 12, 36 h.). 

On the inncr side of the loft leg, from the knee to the ankle-joi 
a curious tepid sensation (aft. 7 h.J. [fibg.} 

Itching in the hough, which deprivcd him of his nìght's rest. 
265. Shooting in the bend of the knee, when walking and sitting (a 
17 d.). 


When walking in the open air, a peculiar tensive feeling of the 
left lower cxtremity as if it were stiff (aft, 13 h.), [Lr,] 

Drawing and sore pain in the left tibia, when standing, as if it 
were broken ; this pain goes oiF when sitting. [^Fz.] 

Drawing tearing pain on the right tibia, when sitting, which 
went off on rising up, but returned when at rest. [-^r.] 

(Sore) sensation on the right tibia, as if it were bruised. 
270. in the evening, when walking, trembling and unsteadiness of the 
knees. [Fz,'] 

Rigidity as from coldness and actual coldness of the right leg, 
especially of the calf, and sensation in it, when sitting, as of soreness, 
which goes oiFon rising from his seat, in the evening. [/z.] 

Tearing stitch in the left calf, when sitting. [//»/.] 

Hard pressure in the muscles of the left leg near the 
ankle-ioint (aft. j h.). [Lr.] 

SweTling and inflammation of the left outer and inner ankle ; 
shooting from the outer ankle up into the leg, when walking ; per 
se there was only occasionai shooting in it. 
275, Drawing on the dorsum of the left foot, at the joint ; it goes oiF 
on moving. \_Fz.] 

Long-continued tickling in the hollow of the right sole. [Hnl,'} 

A shooting resembling nipping on several parts of the body, 
especially in the interior of the thighs. [//»/.] 

(Smarting itching on the body, only after getting heated and 

On rising up from bed, in the evening, a severe burning over the 
skin of the whole body, which went oiF on lying down again in bed 
(aft. 8 h.). 
280. Weakness in ali the joints — they seemed to him as if expanded ; 
at the same time trembling in the limbs, and trembling feeling in 
the knee- and arm-joints, with anxiety, as if it was ali over with 
him. [Fz*] 

Ali parts of the body are painftil on the slightest touch, as it 
festering, but only during a febrile warmth in the chest and on the 
cheeks. [/z.] 

In the morning a sudden shock through the whole body, like a 
start in the limbs (aft. 14 h.). 

Dìscomfort in the whole body, especially in the stomach, with 
crossness. \//r.] 

A clucking and welling in various muscular parts of the body. 
285. Most of the sufFerings occur at night. [GssJ] 

Most of the sufferings are aggravated by stooping, [Fz.] 

Noctumal digging pains in several bones. [Gss.] 

Drawing tensive pains, as ftom a tightly tied band in several 
parts of the body. [5//*.] 

Most of the stitches from manganese are obtuse. [ff^e.] 
290. In the evening, after 8 o'dock, he is overcome by such great 

* From chloride of manganese* 


wearìness that it is with difficultj he can keep awake, ibr two 
successive evenings. [//«/.] 

After midnight (about 3 a.m.), in bed, he dreamt that he was 
awake and with his doctor, as in perfect consdousness, and he could 
afterwards recali every word of the conversation, just as though aU 
had occurred to him when awake* (aft. a few h.}. 

Verjr vivid, anxious dreams, as if everjrthing occurred whcn 
he was awake, remembered in every detail ; on waking he felt 

He dreams immediately on going to sleep. [ TV».] 

Vivid dreams with rapid changes of the subjects, with frequent 
waking in full consciousness of what he had dreamt, but in the 
morning he has but a dim recollection of his dreams. [/^z.] 
295. About midnight he was half awake and (without being trouhled 
with any particular thoughts) could only get to sleep soundly 
towards morning on account of anxious distressing restlessness ; at 
the same time tossing about in bed. [//»/.] 

Ali night confused and sometimes even anxious, very vivid 
dreams. [rz.] 

He sfeeps soundly, but with anxious dreams about soldiers, ix4io 
are shooting him through and through, whereby he imagines his 
life is in danger. [Trn,] 

Vivid, anxious, frightful dream. [LrJ] 

Ali night, wi^out cessation, very vivid but confused dreams, 
jumping from one place and from one subject to another. [L. 
300. Dream of alternately anxious and agreeable character. [Lr.'] 

He dreamt very vividly of two persons who were to come the 
next day, and who did actually come. \_Hbg.'\ 

Vivid dream of a reconcili ation. [Z^r.] 

Irregular and scarcely perceptible pulse, sometimes 50, some- 
times 42, sometimes 62 in the minute. [>/r.] 

Irregular pulse, sometimes 70, sometimes 60, sometimes 55, 
sometimes 49 in the minute. [>/r.] 
305. Rigor and coldness when walking in the open air — in moderately 
warm air ; when walking quickly the chilliness was allayed, but the 
coldness of hands and feet remained until he came into the room 
where they became warm. 

Late in the cvening, rigor and coldness of feet — the right leg was 
cold up to the knee — without thirst or subsequent beat. 

In the evening a rigorf in the open air and in the room ; he 
could not get the feet warm (but the hands were not so cold), with 
aching shooting pain in the sinciput ; in the room the chilliness went 
ofFbut not the headache (aft. 60 h.). 

In the morning rigor, with cold hands and feet. [^2.] 

Cold hands and feet continuing even in the room, but without 
chilliness (aft. 36 h.). 
310. Shivcring ali over the body. [^<r.] 

* 29X, 19I) comp. vi'ìùi 193 to 302. 
t Comp, widi 312. 


Shivering over the back^ and at the same time stitches in the 
head. [Fz.] 

Anxiety with short breath, and profuse sweat ali over, [^r.' 

(When sìtting) he became ali at once very hot ali over the back, 
foUowed soon by perspiration, with very contracted pupils. [Stf] 

Agreeable warmth ali through the body.* [Kapp, 1. e] 
315. Great heat in the head, with some chilliness on the rest of the 

Sudden flying heat and redness of the face, especialhr 
when standing, without thint— soon passing off {m. 

i h.). [Zr.] 

On waking from sleep, sweat only on the neck. [Lr.] 

On waking at night, sweat ali over (aft. 66 h.). [Lr.j 

At night on waking, sweat ali over the body, which compelled 
him to scratch (aft. 24 h.) . [Lr.] 
320. On awaking from sleep, sweat on the legs, but especially on the 
feet. [LrJ] 

Sadness (aft. 6 d.). 

Sad and cross (aft. 36 h.). 

Lachrymose humour, [^z.] 

Cross, reilective, silently reserved, wrapped up in himself, with 
discomfort in the whole body, for four successive afternoons from 
1 to 6 o'clock. [jfr.] 
325. Cross and discontented with himself, and concerned about the 
future i he does not speak much, considers himself very weak in 
mind, and makes mistakes whenever he speaks. [Fz,] 

Persistent restlessness of disposi tion, just as if he were going to 
bear some sad news. [Lr.] 

Ul-humoured, so that the most joyful music does not cheer him, 
but he feels as if refreshed by the most melancholy music, [^r.] 

In the morning wrinkled forehead, and surly and cross at e very 
trìfle; even the talking of others made him angry. [//»/.] 

Embìttered humour : he could not forget injustice done to him; 
he fostered resentment for a long time. [Lr.] 
330. Great restlessness of body and disposition, as if something 
bothered him. 

Tranquillity of disposition ; f he could easily get over eyerything 
of a disagreeable nature. [Lr.] 

* From chlorìde ot manganese. 
+ Curative action. 



(The haiàf uuMumi jmcr af tfae wiioie pdant jmr mnring^ ìbId flowcr, nùsd 
witli espiai pam ot licnhoi.} 

has IniliQLu known no sing^ tnst w2t of inTct» 
dganng che pecnliar puweis af each indivicfaial mecficinal aufastance, in 
order m diicover wfaac each is capafale of curing. In her want of 
mources ahe kneor of nodnng to cely upon far àns porpose, czcept 
ffrnrrpg^ reacmhlanrg. She even imapned tiiat the taste woaU reféd 
tfae inner mecticinal power. 

Acconlin^7 ali plants rhat had a krttgr taste were considered as 
idemtical m actian^ and were mized together in one mess» Thej were 
mil held to poflKSS one quality in coounon, which was this sale tm : thej 
Wén mild tonici and strmgdtentd the stamach (in ali the innumeiabk 
and hecexogeneous morbid states). So fbr this purpose modero 
doctors (a more enligfatened posterity will scarcely beliere ft} prescrìbed 
right away extractam ama r um , withont indirafing anjr bitter plant in 
pGUtxcuIar of which it shonld be made^ so that it was left to the good- 
will and pleasore of tfae apotfaecary to detennine what plants (dicy 
flii^t di^r as much as ti^ pleased in respect to medicinal powefs, 
fremiékd amfy thej had a bitter toste) fae cfaose to boil down, in order to 
make the decoctìon fcr vaA an extract, in onkr to fulfii the imaginary 
intentioo of the doctor to efféct God knows what sort of strengthenbg 
witb these unknown Tegetable jnices. 

More tfaougfatlesslj tt wonld be impossible to act, more contemptu- 
omlj it would be imposs ib le to treat tfae noUe human life. Fot as 
ereiy |Jant differs so strikinglj in its extemal characters ftom every 
other i^ant, tfaat bocanists think tfaey cannot too carefulljr enumerate 
their irisiblé differences, so must they differ in thetr inner nature and 
consequentlj in their medicinal properties. Hence it is impossiUe that 
such an obscure expression of their internai cfaaracter as a (bitter) taste 
can be intended to indicate tfae remarkable difièrences of tfae inner medi- 
cina! spirìt of eacfa of tfaem. Consequently, we must not fìrom the mere 
bitter taste detennine anything either in respect to their general or 
their special medidnal actions, or their identitj ; nor must we 
assume the unconditional tonic action of ali bitter plants without dis- 
tìnction as their sole medicinal power — not to mention that each of these 
plants always has its own peculiar bitterness, besides some other collateral 
taste, which cannot £iil to indicate an inner difièrence of medicinal 
action, that no fauman reason can discern from the mere taste. 

* From voi. r, snd edit., 1816. 


Such being the case, it follows that it would be absurd and nonsen- 
sical if we shouid be so foolish as to infer a stomach-strengthening 
action from the quality of bittcrness. If not, then why shouid not ear- 
wax, the bile of animais, squills, agarìc, staphisagria, nux vomica, 
ìgnatia, colocynth, elaterium, &c., be tonic, stomach-strengthening 
remedies ? — they are surely ali bitter enough ! — and yet several of them 
in moderate doses are capable of destroying human life. 

So utterly has ordinary medicine misunderstood, so compi etely iden- 
tical with other bitter plants has she regarded the buckbean, a plant 
that diiFers from ali other bitter plants in nature, in respect to its 
singular appearance, its habitat^ and its peculiar bitter taste. Hence it 
is a &ct that its true, pure, peculiar medicinal efFects and the morbid 
symptoms it produces in the healthy human body, owing to which it 
can cure (homceopathically) similar naturai morbid states, is so remark- 
ably and so decidedly diiFerent from those of every other bitter plant, 
that it would be absurd to consider this plant as identical with other 
bitter plants. 

Physicians of the ordinary school maunder about the gout-curing power 
of buckbean, just as they bave done about that of other bitter plants, 
without concerning themselves with the injuries and the fotal efFects* 
that have ensued from the persistent employment of such unsuitable 
medicines in cases of this sort. We do not even know precisely what 
they mean by that word of many mcanings, " gout," for a number of 
very diflerent painful diseases of the limbs and joints, attended by 
many accessory symptoms, are called by one and the same name. 

And so undiscriminating ordinary medicine idly asserts buckbean 
has cured a number of other pathological aiFections (which in nature 
never occur in the same manner), yet when we examine for our- 
selves the so-called observations, some twenty, thirty or fìfty other 
powerfiil remedies were employed at the same time, or mixed up 
together^ showing in the most palpable manner the incorrectness of the 
assertion that buckbean did good. Even when, as very rarely happened, 
it was used by itself in some cases of disease, and seemed to be of use 
ali by itself, there is seldom anything worthy of imitation to be learned 
from these instances, because it was not administered on intelligible 
grounds but in a sort of random way, and the case of disease said to 
bave been cured stands, like every other case, ali alone by itself in 
nature, and an exactly identical case never occurs^ consequently it 
never comes under our treatment. 

The accurate knowledge of the pure, peculiar, morbific efFects of 
individuai drugs on the heauthy human subject can alone teach us in an 
infallibU manner in what morbid states, even if they have never pre- 
viously been seen, a medicine, accurately selected according to similarity 
of symptoms^ can be employed as an unfailing remedy that shall over- 
power and permanently extinguish them. 

The smallest portion of a drop of the undiluted juice I have found 
to be an adequate dose for homceopathic employment in every case ; 
fìirther experience will perhaps show that a further dilution will suffice 
for sensitive persona or children. 

* See W. CULLIN*! Matifia Midica^ il, p. 79 (Leipzig : Schwickert, 1790). 


[Hahnemann wat aided in this proving by Franz, Gutmann, HAaTilARV, 
Haynel, Hornburo, Langhammer, Mòckel, Teuthorn, Wislicenus. 
S3rinptom8 are taken from the foUowing old-school authorities : 
Francus, Joh., Trifola fibrifti hutoria. Francofurti, 1701. 
Schlegel, in HufeL Journal^ VII, iv. 
In the ist edit. there are 297 symptoms, this ind cdit. has two less.] 


(Vertigo on stooping and rising up again.) 

Confusion of the head, in the room, like dazedness ; the thoughts 
come with difficulty, though he immediately remembers everything; 
in the open air he feels much lighter and freer (aft. 2 h.). [/z.] 

Stupìd in the head (aft. 17 h.). [i/«/.] 

Pressure from within outwards in the front part of the forehead 
(aft. %\ h.). [Htn.] 

5. On the left tempie a persistent pressure, mingled with sharp 
stitches. [//if«.] 

When leaning the head on one side dull headache. 

Aching pain in the head, more violent in the open air (aft. 12 
h.). [Gn.-] 

Aching pain in the right side of the head (aft. \ h.). [G«.] 

A jpressing from above downwards in the head, whicb 

goes off when the hand is strongly pressed on it^ but returns again, 
for many hours (aft. 5^ h.). [i//«.] 

IO. Pressive headache, that is aggravated by going up and down- 
stairs, when it seems to him as if a heavy weight Jay on the brain, 
which pressed out at the forehead (aft. 3^ h.). [///».] 

Aching pain on the right side of the forehead, going off imme- 
diately by laying on the expanded hand (aft. 2^ h.j. [G«.] 

Headache in the tempie^ as if they were com pressed from both 
sides, which went off by compressing with the hand, but thcn 
returned. [Trn^ 

Headache, like compression on both sides, and at the same time 
some stitches in the occiput. [7V«.] 

Persistent heaviness of the head (immediately). [Gn.] 

15. Heaviness with aching in the whole head, sometimes also violent 
stitches in the left frontal protuberance — a headache which goes off 
completcly on laying the head on one side. \^HtnJ\ 

Obtuse pressive pain in the forehead from within outwards, for 
scvcral hours (aft. 27 h.J. [//«/.] 

Compressive pains from both sides in the erown, 
together with a sensation on going npstairs as if a 
we^ht pressed npon the brain at each stop (aft. 2 h.). 

Aching stupefyìnff pain in the head, which involved 
the forehead especiafly, when at rest and when moving 

(aft. \ h.). [Ir.] 


Aching dramng pain in the forehead^ just above the root of the 
nose (aft. 2 h.). [Fz.] 
20. Drawing pain in the right lobe of the cerebrum, from below 
upwards, which ends in the occiput (aft. 4 h.). [Hni] 

Drawing pain in the right side of the forehead (aft. 3^ h.). 

Drawing pain in the forehead. [Fz.] 
Drawing internai pain along the left frontal bone. [Fz.] 
Squeezing drawing on the side of the occiput. [Fz.] 
25. When sitting drawing in the occiput (aft. 2 h.). [Fz.] 
Tensive headache about the whole crown. 

Twitching headache in the crown, especially after stooping (aft. 
5 h.). [fTs.] 

Single stitches in the left side of the brain up towaxdB 
the crown (aft. 2 h.). [Mài.] 

Single stitches in the forehead towards the crown (aft. 6 h.). 
30. Feeling of sore pain in the skin of the left tempie, on touching it 
(aft. 26 h.). [Gn.] 

Gnawing pain extemally on the crown (aft. 16 h.). [ff^s."] 

Burning in the scalp above the right side of the forehead (aft. 7 
h.). [Gn.] 

Burning above the left superciliary arch. [Gn.] 

Burning pricks in the forehead, less on the hairy scalp^ with beat 
of the fsLce without increased warmth of the rest of the body (aft. 12 
h.). r/Fi.l 

;. Sì 

35- Stitch-like tearing on the right side of the forehead, 
near the temperai region (aft. li h.). [Lr.] 

Visible, but not painful twitching in the facial muscles, espe- 
cially of the right side, more severe when at rest than when walking 
(aft. 6è h.). [Mil.] 

Dimness of the eyes, only in the open air (aft. 6 h.}. 

On reilecting when reading frequent occurrence of blackness 
bcfore the eyes (aft. 8 h.). \_MkL] 

Flickering before the eyes, so that ali objects appear to be in a 
hopping movement, for four minutes (aft. 4 h.). [Mài] 
40. Contracted pupils (aft. |, i h.). [Lr.] 

Dilated pupils (aft. 4^ h.). [Lr.] 

Burning tension above the left upper eyelid, which went off by 
touching. [Gn.] 

Achmg on a small point in the eye, as if in the crystalline lens, 
with a sensation like vertigo, or as if the eyes became fiUed with 
tears, or of distortion of them (squinting), but without dimness of 
vision (when sitting). [Fz.] 

Sensation inside the left lower eyelid, as if a not very hard body 
lay beneath it (aft. 4^ h.). [Gn.] 
45. Obtuse stitches in the eyeballs. [Fz.] 

In the eyes a sensation as from swelling of the eyelids, or a stye 
on them, when keeping the eyelids stili. [Pz.] 


Tearìng sdtches in the iiiner canthi, durìng which the ejes fili 
with water (aft. la h.). [^^0 

From time to time weeping of the eyes. [^Gn.'] 

In both eyelids a quiverìng and a pressure on both eyeballs, 
which, however, is soon allayed after eating. 
50. Sometimes rìgidity of one or other eyelid, like tonic spassi, so 
that he cannot move it. [Fz.] 

Nasty smeli that excites loathing, as from rotten eggs, befbre the 
nose, both in the room and in the open air, fbr a quarter of an hour 

(aft. 9h.). [Afi/.] 

Persistent ringing in the right ear, which ceases when the ear is 
rubbed inside, but returns immediately (aft. 4 h.). [AlÀl,'] 

In the right ear as if he heard bells ringing (immediately). [Hnl] 

First in the right then in the left ear, some fine stitches. [Hnl] 
55. Obtuse stitches though the ear into the head, and in the fàcìal 
muscles of the same side, below the eye (aft. i h.). [^J.] 

Small stitches in rapid succession in the left ear intemally (aft. 
7 è h.). [Mkl.] 

Pinching in the right and left ear. [/ft^-] 

Itching in the interior of the right ear for three days. [Gn,] 

Gold feeling in the internai ear, just as though water had got 
into it (aft. ih.), [ffs.] 
60. On blowing the nose roaring in the left ear, just as if air were 
rushing out of it (aft. 26 h.). [ff^s.] 

Slight chirping before the ears, as from crickets (aft. 48 h.). 

Shooting tearìng in the posterior aspect of the cartilage of the 
ears and on the mastoid processes (aft. 14 h.). [^J.] 

Tension in the root of the nose. 

In the morning he blows blood from the nose. 
65. Painful cramp in the muscles of the rìght cheek, when at rest. 

Dry, chapped lips, without thirst and without perceptible beat 
(aft. 3 h.). [Mkl.'] 

Tension in the jaws, 

Stitch-Iike tearìng in the left upper jaw, when at rest and when 
moving (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.] 

A grumbling in the upper teeth, not increased by biting. 
70. Transient very fine stitch in the right side of the neck (aft i h.). 

Heavv feeling in the cervical muscles ; he must bend the neck 
backwards. [Hbg,] 

Cramp-like pain ending in a stitch in the right cervical muscles, 
which went off after touching them, but returned again (aft. 2} h.). 

In the evening stifFness in the nape. 

On moving the neck stiff feeling in the muscles of the nape (aft 
9 hX [Ws.] 
75. Tearing pressure in the nape (aft. 8 h.) . [Ws,] 

On walking in the open air pain in the muscles of the nape as if 


contused, paralysed, and tense, as after bending back for a long 
time (aft. 6 h.). [Lr,'\ 

Drawing stifF sensation in the nape, with confusion of the 
occiput. [i^.] 

Fine stitches on the under surface of the tongue, which went ofF 
on moving it (aft. | h.). [G«.] 

Aching on the top of the palate. 
80. When yawning and coughing, sensation as if the left side of the 
palate were paralysed. 

Dryness of the palate, which causes a shooting when swallowine, 
without thirst and with a sufficient quantity of saliva in the moum 
(aft. I h.). [Fz.] 

Dry and at the same time so rough in the oesophagus that it is 
difficult for him to swallow his saliva, increasing for several days. 

Feeling of dryness in the throat (aft. 20 m.). [//»/.] 

From the morning onwards dryness in the cesophagus, for two 
days. [Gn.] 
85. Increased secretion of saliva (immediately). [i/if/.] 

Saliva collects in his mouth, without nausea (aft. 8 m.). [HìiL"] 

Water collects in his mouth, with nausea (aft. i^ h.). [//»/.] 

Persistent stitch in the throat, in the anterior part of the larynx, 
only when swallowing, which is hindered by it (aft. 8 h.). [Lr."] 

Bitter sweetish taste in the mouth (aft. 2 h.). [Fz."] 
90. Bread and butter have no taste ; he has only appetite for meat, 
which is relished. [Hbg.'] 

Though he has no hunger, food tastes to him as usuai and he 
eats almost more than usuai. ^Fz.'] 

After eating emptiness of the head. 

After eating, increase of the headache like painftil confusion of 
it. [Fz.] 

After eating, drawing pain in the precordial region of the heart. 
95. After dinner, aching in the chest. [Fz.] 

Empty eructation. 

ISmpty eructation (immediately). [Htri.] 

Frequent empty eructation (immediately, aft. l h.). [Lr.] 

Frcquent hiccup (aft 4Ì h.). [Lr.' 
loo. Nausea, rapidly passing off, wit 

Heat in the stomach suddenly occurring and lasting twenty 
minutes; thereafter violent hunger (aft. 3 h.). [Mài.] 

After aching in the stomach a cold sensation up the cesophagus, 
with great nausea, for twenty minutes (aft. 10^ h.). [M^L] 

Voracious hunger rapidly occurring and lasting half an hour, 
which goes off after eating a little (aft. 5 h.). [Mkl.] 

Great inclination to vomit combined with painful retching and 
contraction in the stomach, but without eructation (aft. lo^h.). [MiL] 
105. Contractive sensation in the stomach (aft. i h.). [Hbg.] 

An aching pinching in the region of the stomach, which extends 

lout eructation (aft. io h.). 


slowly down towards the rectum and goes off after the discharge of 
some flatus^ but recurs shortly afterwards, urges to stool, and then 
ceases (aft ) h.). [Htn,] 

A Constant rumbling in the region of the stomach, such as often 
occurs when the stomach is empty, though the stomach is not 
empty (aft. ah.). [Htn.] 

Shooting pain beneath the short ribs, when sitting, unaltered by 
inspiration or expiration^ removed for an instant by extemal pressure 
with the band (aft. 3 h.). [Trn.] 

Aching cutting in the subcostai region (aft. 8 h.). [ff^sJ] 
no. Sore pain of the external abdominal integuments, when touched 
and rubbed by the clothing, just as if they were covered with pimples 
(aft. 72 h.). [ff^s.] 

Sore pain in the skin of the upper part of the abdomen, when 
lying, and also when moving, but worst when stooping (aft. % h.). 

Gold feeling in the abdomen, especially when pressedon by thehand. 

On rising from bed in the morning, cold feeling in the abdomen ; 
coldness runs over the back and side, like a shudder when one hears 
a horrible story. 

Tension and aching in a part of the abdomen. 
iij. Long-continued pinching in the umbilical region, which sinb 
down towards the hypogastrium h'ke a weight, and goes oft after 
a discharge of flatus (aft. ^ h.). [Htn.] 

Pinching in the hypogastrium (aft. ^ h.). [Gn.] 

Flatulence moves about in the abdomen, during which he feels 
quite qualmish. [Hbg,] 

Audible rumbling in the bowels (after eating). [Hbg,] 

Ali day Ione distension and fulness of the abdomen, as if over- 
loaded by food, with undiminished appetite; at the same time 
sensation as from incarcerated flatulence and frequent ineffectual 
urging to discharge flatus ; in the evening the fulness of the abdomen 
was much increased by smoking tobacco. [jTr/i.] 
lao. Distension of the abdomen (aft. 14 h.) ; two hours afterwards 
frequent discharge of flatus. [MkL] 

A cutting pain darts suddenly from the spine through the 
abdomen (aft. 12 h.). [ff^s,] 

When walking, a persistent sharp stitch in the left side of the 
hypogastrium, followed by small, quick jerks, when standing stili 
(aft. la h.). [Fz.] 

Quick shooting in the side of the hypogastrium when sitting ; it 
goes off when touched, but retums immediately. [Fz,] 

(In the mons veneris a tensive aching pain, when walking and 
125. Severe pressure in the groin^ as if in the spermatic cord^ which is 
also painfìil to the touch. 

Muscular twitching in the right loin (when sitting) (aft. 3 h.). 

Bruised pain ef the left loin in the renai region, in the evening, 
when sitting stili. [Fz.] 


In the left side of the hypogastrìum, shaking, twitching, quick 
stitches when sitting. [Fz."] 

Bubbling movements on the right side of the abdomen, with 
feeHng of heat ali over the abdomen, and internai feeling as if 
diarrhoea were coming on, when at rest and when moving (aft. \ h.). 

130. On bending the body forwards, aching in the glands round 
about the inguinal ring. [Fz.] 

Along with urging to stool in the rectum, a pinching in the 
hypogastrium. [/z.] 

Painful itching in the interior of the rectum (aft. 13 h.). [MiL] 

Twitching in the anus. [Gw.] 

Retained stool. 
135. Constipation for two days. 

Constipation for thirty-two hours; then evacuation of hard 
faeces. [ff^s.] 

Constipation the first day, but the second day difficult evacua- 
tion of a hard stool with drawing, pinching pains in the hypogas- 
trium. [FzJ] 

Constipation the first day, and only on the third day two easy 
evacuations. [Fz."] 

Pinching in the abdomen, followed by a not very hard stool, 
which occurred several hours earlier than usuai* (aft. i h.). 

IdO. Pi 

40. Pinching in the abdomen, followed immediately by hard stool. 

Frequent urging to urinate, with scanty discharge 
of urine (aft. 4, 9 è h.). [Lr.] 

Great sexual desire, without excitement of the imagination and 
without erection of the penis (aft. 5 h.). [Lr.] 

Painful twitching in the right testicle, more severe when at rest 
(aft. 6ih.). [Mkl.] 

Both testicles are drawn up, the right most (aft. ih h,). 
145. On the right side of the scrotum, aching, drawing, cutting pain, 
or as if it were squeezed in on one side (aft, 14 h.). [Hòg.] 

Persistent burning stitches in the scrotum and in the symphysis 
pubis (aft. li h.). [Hnl.] 

In the left side of the scrotum, fine stitches (aft. 3 h.). Iff^sJ] 

* • * 

Sneczing without coryza (aft. 6^ h.), [Lr.] 

Severe fluent corjrza ali day ; an involuntary discharge from the 
nose. [G«.] 
150. Durine the fluent coryza the nose appeared to be stopped up, 
although he could draw air through it well enough (aft. al h.). 

Ctawling ticlding in thelarynx, frequenti/ recurring (aft. 15 h.). 

* Curatire secondary action of the orgauism in a person subject to constipation, 
who usually had a motion ef the bowels not oftener than once in 32, 36 hourii 


Hoarseness. [Joh. Francus,^ Trifola fibrini historia^ Franco- 
furti, 1701.] 

Rough voice. [Gw.] 

When speaking his voice is roiigh, almost hoane, 
and at the seme time the ears feel stopped up, as if 
Bomething were pushed before them (aft. 3 h.). [2^^.] 

155. Quickened respiratìon, even when standing, with quickpulse and 
redness and heat in the face (aft. 2 h.). [7V».J 

Spasmodic contraction of the larynx ; the effbrt to draw a breath 
excited coughing for seven minutes (aft. 9 h.). [AfÀL] 

Flying stitch in the right side of the chest (aft. i^ h.). [//«/.] 

Frequent pressure on the left side of the chest as from flatulence. 

Violent stitches in the chest, only when moving (aft. 3^ h.). 
160. Obtuse shooting pain in the chest, in the regìon of the heart and 
on the corresponding spot on the right side, which is aggravated by 
pressing on and expanding the parts (aft. 21^ h.) ; it was only after 
the lapse of twenty-six hours that it recurred, and then it lasted for 
several hours. [Hnl,] 

Violent, persistent stitch in the region of the heart ; on holding 
in the breath the stitches became numerous (aft. 15 h.). [//»/.] 

Boring shooting in the left side of the chest, when sitting and 
when moving, but aggravated by inspiring and expiring (aft. 3} h.). 

On the left side of the chest, dose to the clavicle, long^ fine 
stitches, on inspiration (aft. i J h.). [HtnJ] 

Constant pressure mingied with stitches on the left side of the 
chest, remaining the same during inspiration and expiration (aft. 
165. Pressure, together with single sharp stitches on the sternum (aft. 

lah.). [/Fx.] 

(m both sides of the chest a compressioiiy with shaip 
stitches, very much increased by inspiration (aft. 9 h. ;. 

Grasping pain from both sides of the chest, with sharp stitches 

(aft. 12 h.). [fTs.] 

The chest is compressed round about, when sitting, walkin? and 
standing ; a very disaereeable anxious sensation (aft. 6^ h.). {^HnL 

Tightness of the chest. [Francus, 1. e] 
170. Throbbing in the left side of the chest continuing durine inspira- 
tion and expiration, but only when lying (aft. 14 h.). [Gn.j 

Drawing pain in the right side of the chest, towards the axilla 
(aft. li h.). [HnL] 

When sitting in a stooping position pain of the chest, as if 

bruised. [Fz.] 

Itching prick in the left false ribs, persisting during inspiration 
and expiration (aft. 2J h.). [Gn.] 

In the sacrum a contractive pain, late in the evening, like a 

^ Not accessible. 


pressure with the thumb on it ; when it becomes [worse there is 

creeping in it. 
175. Bruised paìn in the sacrum, chiefly when sitting stili, which goes 

off when touched. [/z.] 

Bruised pain in the sacrum when sitting stili, in the evening. [Fz,"] 
Aching pain in the sacrum, when stooping. [Gn,] 
When stooping drawing aching pain in the sacrum. [/z.] 
Each time he stoops aching pain above the os sacrum (aft. 8 h.). 

180. Upward-drawing aching sacrai pain, when sitting. [/i.] 
Twitching in the right dorsal muscles (aft. 11 h.). [Gn.] 
When sitting pain near the lower dorsal vertebrae, like dull 

drawing, when stooping the body forwards. [^z.] 

Sharp pinching near the spine, in the region of the scapulae (aft. 

24 h.). [fTs.] 

Obtose boring shooting on the left scapula, over 
towards the spine. [Hbg.'] 

185. Feeling of weight betwixt the scapulae when walking, he must 
always bend forwards and backwards in order to relieve it. [Hbg,'] 

Excessively painfol tearin&f downwards betwixt the 
scapulsB, especially on breatning deep, going off when 

sitting, immeoiately returning when walking ; when at rest a sore 

pain remained. [Hhg,'] 

On the top of the shoulder a burning scraping sensation. [Fz.] 
Many fine stitches in the right axilla towards the chest (aft. 

7\h.). [MÀI.] 

Fine stitches dart into the axilla on moving the arm (aft. 4 h.). 

190. Painful, visible twitching in the left arm, worse when at rest 
(aft. ójh.). [ii/iè/.] 

Stitches in the deltoid muscle at the shoulder-joint. [Fz.] 

In the upper arm quick, cramp-like tearing, when sitting, [Fz.] 

Muscolar twitching in the right upper arm (aft. 24 h.). 


Twitching of the muscles on the right upper arm (aft. lój h,), 
195. Repeated spasmodic drawing in the inside of the left forearm ; at 
last the four flngers are involuntarily bent in, but the arm itself is 
spasmodically stiff, and cannot be moved in spite of ali efForts (aft. 
8i h.). [MàL] 

Cramp-like pain in the muscles of the left forearm, 
which extended to the left palm, almost like paralysis 

(aft. 2 h.). [Lr.] 

Cramp-like aching in the forearm, just beside the bend of the 
clbow, which goes ofF on touching, but immediately returns. [Fz.] 

Sharp stitches under the elbow and on the wrist-joint (aft. 
12 h.). [fTs.] 

Cramp-like pressure on the right wrist-joint and metacarpus, 
when at rest and when moving (aft. i| h.). [Lr.] 
200. Shooting pain in the left wrist (aft. | h.}. [Hnl.] 


Paralytic tearing in the wrìst-joints, especially on moving them 
(aft. 2 h.). [HnL] 

When writing and moving the hand a drawing pain, which goes 
ofFwhen the hand is kept at rest (aft. 2 h.). [Fz."] 

Cramp-like drawing on the dorsal muscles of the thumb. [^z.] 

Shooting pinching on the outer side of the proximal phadanx of 
the thumb (aft. 3 h.). [ff^s.] 
205. Cramp-like pressure on the ball of the right thumb (aft. 5 h.). 

A stitch outwards in the right thumb and index (aft. i} h.). 

Painful twitching in the left little finger (aft 9 h.). [Hnl,] 

Cramp-like pain on the left index more outwards, which went off 
by movcment (aft. 2j h.). [Lr."] 

On the proximal finger-joints fine stitches, somewhat relieved by 
movement (aft. 3 h.). \}f^s.'] 
210. C^ick darting stitches in the glutei muscles of the right side 
(aft. 7 h.). [ff^s.] 

Twitching stitches on the upper border of the left gluteus 
magnus. [Fz,] 

Shooting contractive pain on the hip-joint, about the cotyloid 
cavity, only when walking (aft. 3 h.). [7>«.l. 

When walking and standing very acute nne stitches in the right 
hip-joint (aft. 13 h.). [MàL] 

When sitting the outstretched right thigh and leg are four times 
tpasmodically jcrkcd up, but when standing or on drawing up the 
knees towards him when sitting, this is not perceptible (aft. 8 h.). 


215. When sitting stili in the evening, a drawing bruised pain on the 
outer side of the thigh, sacrum, and left loin, in the renai region. 


Antcriorly on the thigh a cramp-like drawing, when sitting (aft. 


Cramp-like drawing bruised pains on the shafts of the bones of 
the thighs, with hot feeling in the back and ali the upper part of the 
body, mostlv when sitting. [Fz.] 

On botti thighs a numb, tensive, aching bruised pain, when 
walking and sitting, [Fz.] 

A quivcring of the muscles of the left thigh. [//«/.] 
aao. Violcnt burning stitch on the anterior aspect of the left thigh, 
somewhat above the knee, when sitting (aft. 15 h.). [HnL] 

On the inside of the top of the thigh an intermitting pinching, 
with gureling as from something alive, most severe when sitting (an. 

Tension with stitches on the posterior aspect of the thigh and 
Icg, near the knee (aft. io h.). [ff^s,] 

Obtuse outward stitches on the patellae, with hot feeling in the 
knees (aft. 12 h.). [fFs.] 

Dislocation pain on the knee-joint, towards its interior, when at 
rcst and when moving (aft. } h.). [Lr.] 

Menyanthes. 141 

115. Drawing in the rìght hough through the calf, when standing 
and sitting. [^z*]* 

Sharp stitches under the knees (aft. 12 h.). [^.] 

Itching borìng prick in the inner side of the right knee, when 
moving and when at rest (aft. 11^ h.). [Gn,'\ 

A not exactly painful twitching in the left leg, worse when at 
rest than when walking (aft. 6^ h.). [Alkl.] 

Trembling sensation in both calves for a quarter of an hour, 
more violent when sitting than when standing (aft. 2 h.). [MJ^l,] 
230. When sitting stili a cramp-like drawing upwards on the outer 
side of the left leg. [Fz.] 

A sharp pressure on the tibia. [_Fz.] 

When at rest obtuse pulsating stitches under the middle of the 
tibia, which go off on moving, but return when at rest (aft. 2 h.). 

Cramp-like pain in the muscles of the right leg which 
went froin below upwards, like paralytio pain (aft. 2^ h.). 


Sharp stitches in the middle of the tibia, with twitching grasping, 
just as though the leg had been long held in an uncomfortable 
position (when at rest) (aft. 2 h.). [ff^s,] 
235. When walking a dislocation pain, at one time on the left, at 
another on the right leg, near the inner ankle (aft. 7J h.). [Lr,] 

When walking ih the open air a dislocation pain on the left leg 
from one ankle to the other (aft. lo^ h.). [Lr,'] 

Cutting on both outer ankles when at rest, it went off on moving 
(aft. 12 h.). [fTs.] 

Burning shooting above both ankle-joints when walking (aft. i ^ 
- h.). [//«/.] 

Persistent corrosive gnawing pain on a very small spot, between 
the outer ankle and the tendo Àchillis of the right foot, recurring 
several times, when sitting; it is renewed on moving (aft. 14 h.). 
240. Shooting pain in the right heel (aft. 2| h.). [Hnl,] 

Coarse stitches in the soles of the feet when walking (aft. 3-^ h.). 

Visible twitching, not exactly painful, in various parts at once, 
more severe when at rest than when walking (aft. 6^ h.). [MàI,] 

Twitching of small portions of the muscles in several parts of 
the body at various times. [Hnl.] 

Shooting pinching now bere now there on the body (aft. 8 h.). 

245. Weakness in ali the limbs, when at rest and when moving, for 
an hour (aft. 28 h.). [MàL] 

Weariness and prostration (immediately). 

Great weakness of ali the body ; at the same time aching pain 
over the os sacrum, when standing, diminished by sitting (aft. 1 7 
h.). [//«/.] 

When walking weakness of the body, together with chilliness ali 
over (aft. i J h.). [HnL] 



(Eztremc weakncss with heat and severe headache.^) [Schlegei 
in Àr/I y«r. VII,iv, p. 163.] 
250. Vital acdrity immensely increased, hurrìed character of ali move 
mentsf (aft. 32 h.). [Mài.] 

Frcquent jawning, as if he had not slept enough (aft. 2 h.) 

Lasavious, vivid, unremembered dreams, wìthout emission e 
semen. [Cu.] 

Restiess slecp ; he threw himself from one side to the other. [Gn 

l^Tid unremembered dreams. [Lr.] 

255. Durìng sleep rednessand heat in the ^ce ; he wakes up andcrì( 
out '^ There ! there !" and points with the finger, then falìs aslee 

Shuddering in the moming, in the back, as from hearing horrìb 
talcs, not like chilliness. 

Chillj feeling, especiallj in the fingers. 

Chilly feeling ali over the trunk with otherwise moderate temp 
rature (aft. 8i h.). [Hnl.] 

Shiyerìng over the npp^ part of the body, wil 

yawnilìg (immediately) . [///ti.] 
260. Shivering as after a long joumey on fbot. [tfhg,] 

An outward shivering runs over him, without internai chilline 
espedally on the legs, in the warm room (aft. 3 h.). [ff^sJ] 

In the warm room the hair stands on end, without chilliness, I 
ten minutes (aft. 7 h.). [^Vlil.] 

(When sitdng) shuddering without chilliness over the back as 
he were aftaid of something, or terrified by something — ^withc 
subsequent heat (aft. i^ h.). [Lr^l 

Coldness in the spine with shivering (aft. 4 h.]. [A/if/.] 
265. Icy cold hands and feet, while the rest of the body is wa 
(aft. ih.). [Htn.'] 

Cold feet for forty-eight hours. [///».] 

SwoUen blood-vessek on the hands and somewhat beyond th< 
on the fbrearms, with ordinary heat of the body and icy cold f 
(aft. 5 h.). [Htn.'] 

Coldness of the feet lasting into the night ; they could not | 
warm even in bed (aft. ^ h.). [Trw.] 

Cold feet up to the knees, as if they stood in cold water. [i/i> 
270. Chilliness ali over the body, which went off by the heat of t 
stove, but retumed when he went away from the stove, lasting 1: 
an hour (aft. J h.). [//»/.] 

Chilliness ali over the body, especially on the back, which v 
not removed by the heat of the stove (aft. f h.). [Hnl.] 

Febrile rigor ali over the back, as if he faiad been walking foi 
long time naked in cool air (aft. i h.). [Lr.] 

Slow pulse, fifty-two beats in a minute (aft. i^ h.). [Lr.] 

Heat of the ears (aft. } h.). [Hnl.] 
275. Hot feeling on the trunk, especially in the back, someda 

* In a caie of intennittent fevtr. 
t Altemating action. 


mingled with cold feeling, without thirst and without heat or redness 
of the fece (aft. 8 h.) — several hours thereafter (aft. 16^ h.) redness 
of the cheeks. [HnL] 

Heat, especially in the fece ; soon afterwards a general chilliness, 
both without thirst (aft. 3 h.). [Mkl.'] 

Towards cvening flush of heat over the cheeks. [/z.] 

In the evening elevated temperature of the body, without thirst, 
with freedom and lightness of the mind. [Fz.] 

After walking in the open air, in the evening, heat without thirst 
and slight sweat ali over the body. 
280. Sweat ftom evening till morning. 

Sweat in the evening, immediately after lying down. 

Disagreeable hot feeling on the trunk, especially on the back, six 
hours after the chilliness (aft. 7 h.). [HnlJ] 

Very great heat ali over the body without perspiration and with- 
out thirst, with cold feet (aft. af h.). [Htn.] 

(Along with increase of the heat^ delirious talking, with small, 
quick irritated pulse*). [Schlegel, 1. e] 
285. Anxious feeling about the heart, as if something bad were about 
to happen,and he had to undergo a calamity (aft. i h.).' [Schlegel, 
1. ci 

Cross, ill-humoured and discontented with himself and bis posi- 
tion ; anxiety drives him from one place to another (aft. 16 h.).' 
[Schlegel, 1. e] 

Gloomy, out of humour, and cross (aft. i h.). [^Mkl,] 

Indifferent to amusements (aft. 12 h.) — half an hour afterwards 
disposed to be jocular. [G».] 

Lachrymose disposition. [TVw.] 
290. Melancholy humour ; bis thoughts are disposed to dwell on past 
sad disagreeable things (aft. 80 h.). [ff^sJ] 

He prefers to be alone — though not ill-humoured — because he 
would rather be silent than talk (aft. 7 h.). [Hin."] 

Dislike to work. [Htn.'] 

Excessi ve joyousnessf (aft. 11 h.). [Htn.^ 

AH day silent reserved humour, with self-satisfaction.J [-^^0 
295. Tranquil disposition j he was contented with his position.§ 

• In a case of intermittent fevcr. 
Alternating action. 
Rather curative action. 
Curative reaction of the organisin. 

> It should be, « of the cAiUr 

' Not found, probably symptoms of Hartmann erroneously ascribed to Schlegel. 

la conuTiers :ìiis 3i«al is oireii ^ujtented with an admii 
lead. j.iiTii-rTrni-t iìso jr ^ismuó. The beat war co purifr it ù t< 
in a poiceìjin aucsr. pour otct it a watery solution of nii 
mercuTT. ^nii let :c bui! .-br abuuc on faaur over a charccnl flrc, 
adiiing water sj reaiaca that ^t br evapondoa. Tbe acid 
ulutiun taka up die Lead antl bisniudi aod disengages its i 
wbicfa xcumes aiiiiisi za the meccurr to be puribed. 

Mer^^rv ::i its Juiii -n.-niT-r arate bas E>ut little djnamic k 
etLìa'ì aeaitk. :t ia ^ai-r :t3 ciiemicnl campounda that cause great 

AjTTi-.iT.r rhe salta <:r nercurr tfauK which fbr sereni centurì 
been chiedr used in the treatment ot diseasca are thoee formed 
small pi qpcrcon oi mur^acic acid -.sviiìet hut^mtj^ wureurìms Juh 
mei, iftrxr^T-^M ftzrhR:.3» «c^' and the compiete murìatic m 
salt ,i:ir'ji."_* :3Jii.7M3t, fur.-x'-ÙLi' n^^DMtiu i.'srrMrviu, Ajdh 
«£,3.iT .-jtti.-csj-' Kit cicemal use, and ics combination wii 
substances u.-rj34iam ■ur.-xri/^ u luap/iuùmaK, mmgufntum A/i 
iimmtm] Kx extenial inimctioa. I wHl pass over the innu 
other prejnrationa oc mercurr, cfaiefiv combmations with other i 
prcparcd with other mbstances, which bare been tsed Icss ire 
and bave attiined no lasdng repute. 

This is noe the place to estimate the medicina! value of a 
preparations. It wòuid, indeed, be impoesible to do this, becau 
iho«e of them in commonest use bave been but little, and thoe 
rarely cmploycd not at ali, tcstcd as to theirtnie peculiar action 
bealthjr human bodv. Consctiuently tber cannot be bomccopa 
selcctcd for particutar morbid states with anj- certainty of a » 
effect. Thiu much onlr does careful proving enable me to 
irom expcrìcncc, that thev ali display in their action a certain 
similarìty as mcrcurìals ; whibt, on the other band, thcy ditìèr 
from one another in their peculiari des, and very much in the il 
of thcir action on the human health. Especially shouid it be d 
that ali the saline pieparations of mercury display a number i 
known but genendly very active accessory effects, according 
nature of their basic acid, which difier very much from ti 
abcolute effects of pcrfectly pure mercury, imaltered by any acic 

Evcn mercury merely united with éitty gubstances in the 

ointment excites peculiar effecu on the human body,* difièret 

* John Bell complunt that he bu nerer luccecded in curìng the veneccai 

diiMM by meiely rubbing in mercurìal ointment, without being compelled ti 

) From voi. i, jrd edit., iSjo. 


those produced by the internai administration of the mild, pure, semi- 
oxydized mercury {athiops per se)^ probably because in the ointment it 
is chemically combined with fatty acids. 

Now, as the homoeopathic method rejects ali medicinal substances 
that produce heterogeneous accessory efFects in consequence of being 
combined with something else, I bave long endeavoured to obtain pure 
mercury in such a condition that it should be able to display its true, 
pure, peculiar efFects on the human organism in a more powerfuUy 
curative manner than ali other known preparations and saline combi- 

What a long-continued^ mechanical succussion of fluid mercury, or 
as was practised in ancient times, its trituration with crab's eyes or solu- 
tion of gum efFected very imperfectly, viz. its change into semi-oxyde 
free from acids, this I sought to do in 1787 and 1788, by precipitating 
it from its solution in nitric acid made in cold, by means of caustic 
ammonia. This preparation of mercury, distinguished by its black 
colour, was, under the name of mercurius solubilis Hahn, [mercurius 
oxydulatus niger)^ preferred in almost ali countries to ali other mercurials 
hitherto in use, on account of its much milder^ more eiEcacious antisy- 
philitic virtues. But a more careful investigation showed me that even 
this did not possess the highest degree of purity. In fact, its dark black 
colour was rather owing to an excess of the caustic ammonia required 
for the precipitation of the somewhat over-acid nitrate of mercury. But 
nitrate of mercury with excess of acid generally contains some muriate 
and sulphate of mercury (which even in very small quantities pos- 
sess a deleterious acridity). These are concealed by the dark colour of 
the black oxyde, are precipitated along with it, and thus render it some- 
what impure. 

In order to avoid this, in the preface to mercury in the second 
edition of this first part of the Materia Medica Pura^ published in 1822, 1 
directed the mode of preparing a perfectly pure precipitate of mercury, 
obtained by caustic ammonia acting on nitrate of mercury quite free 
from superfluous acid. This is of a dark grey colour ; it is a perfectly 
pure oxyde of mercury, like the powder obtained by prolonged succus- 
sion of the metallic mercury, and called athiops per se, 

This preparation^ being a perfectly pure mercurial medicine, was 
quite unobjectionable, except that the process for making it required 
much care and labour. 

But as one of the rules of homceopathy, as also of common sense, 
enjoins that we should attain our aim in the simplest and shortest way 
{quod fieri potest per pauca^ non debet fieri per plurà)^ so in this case the 
aim is attained in the speediest, easiest, and most perfect manner by 
acting according to the directions laid down in the second part of the 
Chronic Diseases, p. 5. One grain of perfectly pure mercury (such as 
is employed for making thermometers) is triturated, as is done with 
other dry medicinal substances, with three times 100 grains of milk- 
the chancre by the aid of external remedies. But by the internai use of a mercurial 
preparation uncombined with any acid, such as the mercurius solubilis (hjdrargyrum 
oxydulatum nigrum), the whole disease, including the chancre, is cured, without any 
external remedy for the latter being required. 



sugar for three hours, up to the million-fold powder-attenuation (asis 
descrìbed in detail in the place referred to),'^ and one grain of the last is 
dissolved in diluted alcohol ; this solution is twice succussed^ and a drop 
of this solution is raised through 26 dilution phials to the decilUon-fold 
potency (Jhydrargyrum purum potentiatum X). 

One small clobule (300 of which weigh one grain), moistened 
with the last dilution, is the appropriate dose of this very medidnal 
metal for ali suitable cases. 

The following symptoms were produced by the administration or 
the black oxyde of mercury {mercurius solubilis)^ which was generaily 
pure enough to develope mostly pure mercurial symptoms, whereby, as 
I hope, the knowledge of the peculiar powers of this metal has been 
increased in no small degree. 

They show that if we select mercury only for such morbid states, 
the totality of whose symptoms is met with among those of the drag 
in striking similarìty ; — when, moreover, we only employ it in the 
most perfect, pure and highly potentized preparation and in the above- 
named dilution, we shall fìnd in it an indispensable, highly serviceable 
remedy for ver)' many cases. 

But mercur)' has been only too often improperly employed in ali 
sorts of diseases in allopathic practice, in which either it was believed 
that benefit could not be obtained by milder remedies^ or where it was 
taken for granted that induration and obstruction existed which had to be 
resolved by this metal which was held to be a universal solvent, or whcre 
in obstinate ailments, as so many are, a concealed venereal infecdon 
was groundlessly imagined to lurk. When aggravation of the sym- 
toms ensued from the daily repeated doses, the allopath did not ascrìbe 
this to the unsuitability of the medicine for the disease, but he usually 
attrìbuted it to the dose being too small for such a great disease, and 
he then attacked the patient with larger and more frequently repeated 
doses of more enereetic mercurial preparations (if he wished to pro- 
duce a very powerfuì efFect he gave corrosive sublimate)^ he rubbed a 
quantity of mercurial ointment into the skin,and in this way destroyed 
life, or at least ruined the health beyond possibility of recovery, in 
innumerable cases. 

But, as we now know, ali chronic diseases, with but few excepdons 
(pure syphilis and sycosis being among these), arìse from more or less 
developed psora ; and even where uneradicated syphilis or sycosis is 
complicateci with developed psora, the latter is more and first to be 
attended to in the treatment. But mercury (and especially its impure, 
acrìd preparations) can never serve for the radicai cure of psora, but must 
always make it more incurable. This will easily explain the disas- 
trous results of the mercurial treatment of chronic diseases of ali sorts. 
I leave out of consideration the injudicious treatment by blood- 
letting, by repeated purgatives, by the frequent abuse of opium in order 

• After the trituration of the grain of mercury with the first 100 grains of milk- 
sugar, there stili remains on the smooth surface of the porcelain mortar, in spìte of 
the most diligent scraping, a considerable black discoloration, which is almost entirely 
taken up by the trituration of one grain of the first trituration with a second 100 
grains of milk-sugar, and is completely effaced by the third trituration. 


to allay ali sorts of pains, to procure sleep and check diarrhoea and 
spasms, by cinchona bark in order to cut short intermittent fevers and 
strengthen the patient, in cases where the uncured disease and the 
squandering of the juices and strength by the doctor were the only 
causes of the weakness. Apart from these injudicious operations, 
there is no remedy employed by the allopaths, who piume themselves 
on being healers of diseases, whereby the life of patients afflicted with 
chronic diseases is oftener destroyed than their favo urite calomel and 
corrosive sublimate. How difFerent are the results obtained by homceo- 
pathy in its treatment of the sick ! 

In it, the smallest dose of the purest mercury in the abov^-men- 
tioned highest development of potency, demands, on the part of the 
tnie disciples of this method of treatment, the most careful selection of 
the case of chronic disease in which this remedy may be unhesitatingly 
given, and in which it is indispensable to the cure. I refer to other 
cases than to the pure venereal chancre disease (syphilis), uncomplicated 
with psora, where its employment is positi vely indicateci. In this case, 
too, one single smallest dose always suffices for the cure of this chronic 

This, the only rational employment of this noble metal, has nothing 
in common with the abuse of the drug which has for several years past 
been prevalent in the ordinary method of treatment, where calomel 
{mercurius dulcis, in which the mercury, owing to its combination 
with muriatic acid, has other properties very difFerent from its originai, 
specific ones) is blindly employed in almost ali diseases, without 
distinction, in large doses, generally combined with opium, without 
any knowledge on the part of the practitioner of the real efFects of 
either the calomel or the opium, and without any attempt to distin- 
guish the cases in which the former or the latter, or both together, 
are suited. We may well say that here the irrational practice, allo- 
pathy, has reached its climax. This homicidal practice deserves only 
condemnation, and is not worth further notice. 

The perfect saline combination of mercury with muriatic acid, the 
mercurial sublimate [corrosive sublimate^ mercurius corrosivus sublima tus) 
is somewhat better known by reason of its frequent abuse. On account 
of its solubility in water and alcoho], and hence its capability of being 
diluted to every degree, it is more adapted for homoeopathic use, I bave 
given some of its symptoms further on, which are well worth being 
added to, that will serve to give some idea of its peculiar action, which 
is very difFerent from that of pure mercury. I bave found a single dose 
of a small portion of a drop of the quintillion-fold, or better stili, of the 
decillion-fold dilution, given alone^ to be almost specific in the common 
autumnal dysentery. In this case the truth of the homoeopathic law 
of cure is distinctly corroborated. 

So also the sulphurous combination of mercury, cinnabar^ possesses 
its own peculiar properties, which difFer from those of pure mercury, 
though they are not yet well enough ascertained. In the symptoms 
I bave given below I bave made a small commencement to the know 
ledge of its medicinal worth. 

When even the purest mercurial preparation causes injurious efFects, 


if administered in unsuitable cases of disease, therefore unhomceopathi- 
cally, then, according to the character of the untoward symptoms 
that arise, the antidote will be fouiid either in hepar sulphuris, sulphur, 
camphor, opium, china, or nitric acid. Ali these remedies must, 
however, be given in very small doses, selected in accordance with the 
symptoms present. 

Cases of slow poisoning by mercury, especially the trembling of 
gilders, are said to be relieved by electrìcity. 

The symptoms bere recorded that bave been observed from the 
administration of the black oxyde of mercury are mostly primary 
efFects. Very few of them can with certainty be said to be secondary 
efFects. These are distinguished by painlessness and non-inflamma- 
tory character. Among them I recicon e.g. a kind of hard, cold^ 
painless swelling of the glands and a certain cataleptic paralytic ' 
weakness of the muscles. 

[Hahnemann was aided in bis proving of the black oxyde of mercury (often called 
mercurius solubitis Hahnemanni) by Cross, Gutmann, Fr. Hahnemann, Hart- 
MAWN» Hornburg,Langhammer, Kummel, Staff. 

No old-school authorities are cited for the symptoms recorded under mercurius 
solubiUjf calomelf mercurii acetcuy mercurius prétcipitaius ruber^ and cinnabar, 

One old-school author fiimishes some S3rmptoms of mercurius corrosi'vusy viz. : 

SCHWARZE, C. Fr., Beob, und Erfahr. i. d. Med., Dresden, 1827. 

For other mercurial preparations the foUowing authorities are quoted : 

AcREY, Thom., in Lond, Med. Journ.j 1788. 

Bell, Ueber bbsart, Tripper und'vener, Krankk.^ Leipzig, 1794, ii. 

Bbthke, Schlagfiuss, 

Cheyne, J., in Dublin Hospital Reports and Commentaries oh Med. and Surgery^ 
Dublin, 1816, voi. i. 

Clare (?). 

CuLLEN*8 First Lines, note by French translator of. 

Degner, in Acta Nat, Cur.y vi. 

Engel, Specimina Med., Berol., 1781. 

FouRCROY, in the translation of Ramazxini's Maladies des Artisans. 

Friese, in Geschichte und Versuche einer chirurg, Gesellschaft, Kopenh., 1774. 

Heuermann, Bemerk, und Untersuch,, ii. 

Hill, Jac, in E£nb, Essays, iv. 

HoFFMANN, in Baldinger^s Magasc 

Huber, in Nova Act.Nat, Cur,, iii. 

HuFELAND, Journal d. pr. A,, x, xxvi, 4. 

Hunter, J., On the Venereal Disease, 

Larrey, in Description de PEgytte, t. i. Memoires et Obs. 

Louis, in PibraCy Memoires de fAcad, Royale de Chirurgie, t. iv. 

LouvRiER, in Annalen der Heilkunde^ 18 io. Dee. 

MiCHAELis, in HufeL Journal, vi and xxviii. 

Mise, Nat, Cur,, Dee. iii, Ann. 5, 6. 

Oettinger, Disj. Cinnabris exul, redux, Tiibing., 1760. 

Platbr, Felix, Obs,, i. Basii, 1614. 

RlCHTER, A. GoTTL., Ckirurg., Bibl., vi. 

RiVERius, Obs. Med, 

SCHENK, PeT., vii. 

Schlegel, in Hufel, Journ., vii, 4. 
SCHLiCHTiNG, in Ad. Nat. Cur., vili. 
SwEDjAUR, Traiti des malad. vener,, tota., ii. 
Wedel, Amétnit, Mat, Med, 

The ist cdit. contains 341 symptoms of the differcnt mercurial preparations, the 
ind 1414, and this, the 3rd, 1450.] 



(Mercurius solubilis Hakéimanm,) 

In the head a vertigo, during the day. 

Vertigo in the room, so that when walking she must take hold of 
something in order not to fall. 

She is giddy even when sitting. 

Vertigo more when sitting than when standing, dimness and 
blackness before the eyes, especially towards evening. 
5. Vertigo; when sitting at his desk there was whirling in the 
head, as if he were drunk, he rises up and walks about the room 
staggering, then anxious beat breaks out over him, with nausea, but 
not to the length of vomiting; at the same time some headache 
(for 3 successive days, noon and afternoon) . 

When he has sat in a stooping position and rises up, he feels a 
vertieo at the first instant. 

When she lies on the back she has a whirling and qualmish 
feeling ; this goes ofF when she lies on the side. 

Vertigo, cold hands with febrile rigor, then confusion of the 

(When standing) violent vertigo^ during which he bent the head 
forwards. \_Lr,'\ 
IO. Vertigo, compelling him to lie down. [Fr. H — ».] 

On turning round quickly, vertigo ; ali goes round with him. 


ertigo, when walking in the open air, at the same time nausea 
and a sensation as if a worm in the chest crawled up into the throat. 
IFr. H—n.-] 

Vertigo and staggering when she comes out of the open air into 
the room. [Fr, H — «.] 

Giddy and staggering when walking in the open air, but in the 
room only heaviness of the head (aft. 48 h.). \Gn.'\ 
15. A kind of vertigo ; when lying he feels as if swung long-ways. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

In the forehead like whirling. l^Stf.] 

Dull and stupid in the head. [/Ir. H — «.] 

After eating she is as if drunk ; beat and redness mount up into 
her fece, which swells. 

By day drowsy and sleepy. 
20. Weakness in the head like dazedness, and as if it whispered 
round in the forehead and went round in a ring. 

When she has eaten and stands up, stupida whirling and black 
before the eyes, above the nose, worst in the warm room, better 
in the open air. 

Headache, like dizziness and fulness in the brain. 

Somewhat dull in the head, in the morning on rising, a dull 


Dullness in the head, in the morning on waking. 
25. In the room, heaviness and confusion of the head, also when 
sitting and lying. 

The head is heavy and as if involved in a dull pain and confiised. 

In the morning after "sing, vacant in the head and as if he had 
been up ali night ; this goes off in the open air. 

It takes away the acuteness of his intellect, makes him dizzy ; 
he does not hear what is said to him, cannot retain well what he 
reads^ and is apt to make mistakes in speaking. 

Speaking is disagreeable to him, he cannot read, his head is 
vacant, he cannot work, and falìs asieep when sitting, 
30. Thinking power verjr weak ; it is with difficulty that he can 
recollect himself, and answers questions wrongly (this he is consciou^ 
of himself). 

His thoughts completely forsake him. [/r. H — ».] 

His thoughts sometimes go away entirely for some minutes. 
[Fr. H—n,] 

He knows not where he is. [Fr. H — «.] 

He cannot calculate, cannot reflect. [/r. H — «.] 
35. Unconsciousness and speechlessness ; she appeared to sleep, but 
was pulseless ; the body was warm enough, but she looked just like 
a corpse ; after an hour her consciousness returned and some sound 
in her voice ; she wished to speak but could not, not till after 12 
hours did her speech return. [Fr, H — «.] 

Distraction ; when he wishes to do some work, something else 
always comes into his mind ; one thought always drove out another, 
from time to time (for a couple of days). [Crw.l 

Heat and pain throughout the head. [Fr, ri — «.] 

In the evening an uneasy painful feeling in the head till he 
goes to sleep ; loud talking distressed him, one must talk in a low 
voice y diminished by sitting and leaning the head against something, 

Burning in the head. 
40. Pain in the head like an annular violent out-stretching in a 
stripe not above three fìngers broad, which appears to go round just 
above the eyes and ears. 

Pressive headache as if the head were tightly bound. 

In the evening, headache, as if the brain were tied round with a 

Headache as if dose under the skull, as if it were too heavy and 
too tight there. 

Headache, a forcing outwards. 
45. Headache, like a pressing outwards in the parietal bones. 

Head is painful, as if it were pressed asunder. 

Headache, as if the brain were forced asunder. 

Fulness in the brain as if the head would burst. 

Aching pain in the occiput. 
50. Headache ; outpressing in the forehead and pain in the bone below 
the eyebrows, even when touched. 

Violent headache, as if the head in its upper part would fall 
asunder, and as if ali were pressed down to the nose. 


In the evening headache ; in the front and upper part of the 
head a painful dull feeling, with crossness, [fr. H — «.] 

Pressing pain out at the forehead, \GnJ\ 

Pressing pain out at the forehead, worst when lying ; he got 
relief by pressing on it with the open hand (aft. 41 h.). [G«.] 
55- Tensive achine pain in the sinciput \ he felt relief by holding his 
open hand there. [(?«.] 

Undulation and beating in the whole sinciput. [Fr, H — w.] 

From the occiput a strong, tearing, continued pain, which went 
into the forehead and there pressed. \_Hbg,'] 

Shooting in the forehead whilst walking in the open air. [Fr. 

Tearìng in the skull, especially in the frontal bone. 
6o. Tearìng headache in the sinciput extending to the crown. 

Tearing headache in the lower part of the occiput. 

Headache like a slow tearing stitch, and as if bruised. 

Stitches ali through the head. 

Shooting headache in the forehead (immediately). 
65. (When sitting) intermitting boring stitches in the left side of 
the forehead, very painful. \_Lr.'] 

(When standing) painful tearing stitches in the left side of the 
forehead. [^r,] 

(When sitting) tearing stitches in the left side of the forehead, 
with rigor over the whole body, cold hands, hot cheeks, and warm 
forehead, without thirst. \_Lr.'] 

Drawing digging in the front part of the head. [G«.] 

On stooping headache^ like digging in the forehead and a weight 
70. Pain in the upper part of the occipital bone. 

A boring pain in the occiput. 

Contractive headache \ the head is as if screwed in, sometimes in 
the sinciput, sometimes in the occiput, sometimes on the left side, 
at the same time watering of the eyes. [/r. H — w.] 

In the morning when he has lain in a wrong position in bed, a 
drawing from the palate into the brain, where it is very painful, as if 
ali were bruised there. [5(/*.] 

Jerking blows in the brain, especially when moving and stooping 
75. Aching pain in the left tempie. [Cjw.] 

Aching pain in the right side of the forehead. [Gw.] 

Violent drawing in the right tempie (5th d.). -R/.] 

Twitching drawing and pinching in the right tempie, on the 
occiput down the nape. [-K/.] 

Tearing headache externally. 
80. The whole external head is painful to the touch. 

Tearing pain externally on the forehead, in ali positions. [iir.] 

Burning on the left tempie. [GnJ] 

Burning in the skin of the left side of the forehead. [Cjw.] 

Itching on the forehead. [/Ir. H — «.] 
85. Burning itching on the forehead and head. [jPr. /f— ».] 


Over the left side of the forebead, in the scalp, bnining paio, thu 
went off after toncfaing. [G».] 

Itching smxrting in the napcand on the haiirscalp. [Fr. H — «.] 

Bumìng and itching on the hainr scalp. [fr. H — «-3 

Itching on the haiiy scalp, day and night. [Fr. H — K,] 
90. Itching eruption on the nead,coinpcllingscratching. [Fr, H — n. 

Dry eruption on the whole head, that causes pain wheo graspei 
ali over. [Fr. H-n.) 

Small elcvated, finnlv adherent scabs, among the hairs of tb 
head. [Fr. H-n.] 

Much scurf on the hairy scalp, which icched aad after scratchin] 
burned. [Fr. H-~n.] 

Moist eruption on the hairy scalp, which eats away the hair as i 
were, with painful aching, especially on the sore places. [Fr. H — n. 
95, Without headachc the hair fjdis off. [Fr. H—n.] 

Sensation under the scalp, when the open hand is laid on it, as 
jt were ulccrated, [Gn.] 

Horripilation over the hairy scalp, wbercby the baìrs seemed t 
stand on end, or the integuments of the head to contract an 
remble. [GjjJ 

fiurning feeling in the right superciliary arch, [G».] 

Dilatcd pupils (aft. i h.)- [Lr.'\ 
100. A blaclc spot before the eyes, which always seems to go down i 
front ofhim. [Fr. H—n.'] 

Black spots before the eyes. [Fr. //— w.] 

Black insects or flìes Beem always to be flyine befoi 

the Bight [Fr. H-n.] 

Ali appcars green and black before the eyes, the room seems 1 

fo round with her in a ring ; she must He down (durine: a Rieal 
Fr.H-,.] ^ 

The sight teaves him entirety for Ave niinutcs, and every ha 
hour a simiTar attaclc occurs, when he is completely dcprived of sigi 
for fivc minutcs, [Fr. H — ».] 
JO'^. Fìery |>oint9 before the sìght upwardstowardstheclouds,cspcciall 
tn the attcrnoon. [Fr. H — n.) 

]''icry Bparks before the eyes. [Fr. H — ».] 

Mlst befoTC one or both eyes. [Fr. H—n.] 

Amaurocic dimness before the left eye, which gradually increase 
lastiiig tcn minutcs. 

(In the evcning when reading the letters appcar in motion.) 
no. Amaurotic blindncss of the left eye, without pain, for son 
minutcs, when walking in the open air. 
Wcakncss of the eyes. [Fr. H^n.] 

Dlnmess of slgut in both eyes. [Fr. H—».] 

Dcccption of the vision ; it sccms to htm that a Straw hangs don 
before both eyes. [Fr. H—n.] 

He sees pointed things {e.g. an awlj as if with a doublé poin 
[Fr. H—n.]. 
115. If she wishcs to sce something shc cannot rightiy dtstinguish i 
the eyes are almost always involuntarily closcd, ana the more si 


trìes to prevent this closing, the less able is she to prevent it ; she 
must He down and shut the eyes. [Fr. H — «.] 

He cannot open the eyes well, just as if the eyeballs were 
adherent. [/r. H — «.] 

When sitting, standing and walking, the eyes are as if forcibly 
closed, as if from prolonged want of sleep. \^Fr, H — «.] 

The light of the fire dazzles the eyes greatly. [Fr. 


A burning in the eyes, as if he had read much at night ; one eye 
is red. 

120. The eyes eannot bear the light of the fire and day- 

light [Fr.H^n.] 

Burning in the eyes. [Fr, H—n,] 

Burning and smarting in the eyes, as from horse-radish. [Fr. 

Many red vessels are visible in the white of the eye. [Fr. H — «.] 

Inflammation of both eyes, with burning smarting pain y worse 
in the open air. [Fr, H—n.] 
125. Heat in the eyes and lachrymation. [Fr, H — n.] 

Watering of both eyes, in the morning. [Fr. H—n.] 

Watcring and lachrymation of the eyes. [Fr. H — n.] 

Great lachrymation of the right eye. [Fr. H — «.] 

The eyes wecp in the open air. 
130. The eye is full of tears. 

Burning pains in the right upper and lower lids. [Gn.] 

The left lower eyelid is very much swelled, especially towards 
the outer canthus, with burning pains, for fi ve days, with much 
watering of the eye, which was preceded by much sneezing for three 
days. [Fr. H — «.] 

The eyelids are stuck together in the morning. 

The upper eyelid is swelled ànd red like a stye. 
135. Constant twitching in the lower eyelid. 

Great swelling, redness and constriction of the eyelids, which 
were very sensitive when touched. [Fr. H — n.] 

Aching in the eyes. [Fr. H—n.] 

Aching in both eyes, as from sand. [Fr. H — n.] 

Aching in the eye, when it is movcd ; it also aches when touched. 

140. Itching in the eyeballs. [Fr. H^^n.] 

In the left eye pricking pain, for some minutes (yth d.). [RL] 
Shooting in the eyes. [Fr. H — n.] 

Sensation, under the left upper eyelid, as if a cutting body were 
behind it. [Gn.] 

Suivering and twitching in the eyelids. [Fr. H — «.] 
uish-red rings round the eyes, especially below them. [Fr. 

Inflammatory swelling in the region of the lachrymal bone. 
Features sunken, eyes dim and dull, complexion white and earthy ; 
lengthened features. [Hbg.] 

The right side of the face is swollen and hot, especially under- 
peath the eyes. [Fr. H — «.] 


Dull stitch in the left superior maxillary bone, near the ève. 
[Fr. H—n.] 
150. Red spots on the fece. [/r. H — «.] 

A rough-skinned, partly red, partly whitish tcttery spot on thesUn 
of the left zygoma. [£r.] 

Outward pressive pain in the zygomatic arches. [GnJ] 

Tearing in the right masseter muscle. [Gfs.] 

Great swelling ot the left cheek. [Fr. ri — «.] 
155. On the left cheek a large node under the skin (lOth d.). [Rl^ 

Single pointed stitches, each lasting fìve minutes, in the zygomatic 
process (also in the chest, knee, and external elbow process), more in 
the forenoon and when walking. 

Tearing on the left side of the cheek, it involves the whole car. 

He can hardly hear anything, and yet everything resounds loudly 
in the ear. [^/.] 

Ears as if stopped up, and a roarìng in them. 
160. In the morning, rushing in the ears. 

Roaring and rushing in the ear, as if something were sticking in it 

Roaring in the ear, as if something were stufied into it. 

Buzzing before the ears, as if he were about to faint. 

Roaring before the ears, in pulsations. 

165. Hardness of hearing in both ears. [/r. H — «.] 

Roarìng in the ears. [Fr. H — «.] 

Roarìng before both ears, when lying in bed. [Fr. H — «.] 

Roaring with hardness of hearìng in both ears. [Fr. H — n^ 

Rushing before the left ear. [Fr. H — «.] 
170. Buzzing as from wasps in the left ear (aft. 5 m.), [Fr. //—».] 

Fluttering before the left ear. [Fr. jH'— «.] 

Fluttering and crawling in the left ear. [Fr. H — »,] 

Ringing in the ears, as from several loud rìnging glasses, espe- 
cially in the evening. [Fr. H — «.] 

Varìous ringing sounds before both ears, worst in the evening, for 
many days. [Fr. H — «.] 
175. Deep in the left ear tearing, at the commencement of the menses. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

Aching shooting pain in the ear ; the warmer she got in bed the 
colder and wetter it became in her ear, at last as if she had ice in the 

Stitches in the internai ear on stooping. 

The left ear is painful as if inflamed ; the meatus auditorìus 
also pains as if inflamed. [^/.] 

Violent pain in the ear as if something was forcing itself out 
i8o. The ear is as if inflamed externally and internally^ w:ith partly 
cramp*like, partly shooting pains and as if stopped up by swelling. 



Pinching and tugging in the ears. 

Shooting and burning deep in both ears, worse in the left. [Fr. 


Both ears are sore and excorìated internally, the right worst. 
[Fr. H^n.] 
185. Several times daily in the internai right and left ears a sensation 
as if cold water ran out of them, which suddenly comes, and goes 
away after a few minutes ; in the intervals great itching in both 
ears, [Fr, H — «.] 

A moisture runs out of both ears, [/>. H — «.] 

In the morning blood comes out of the left ear. [Fr. Hn.] 

Blood and ill-smelling pus flow out of the right ear^ with tearing 
pain in it. [Fr. H — «,] 

Pus flows out of both ears ; anteriorly in the right ear is a small 
abscess, which when touched discharges pus out of the ear ; at the 
same time pains in the whole right half of the head and face, on 
account of which she cannot lie on that side. [Fr. H — «.] 
190. Yellow pus Comes out of the left ear. [Fr. H — «.] 

Fluid wax runs out of both ears. [Fr. H — «.] 
. Buming pain in the cartilage of the left ear. [Gn."] 

The lobe of the ear is very painful for eight days, and is red and 
hot ; two days afterwards a pimple appears in the lobe, that con- 
tinues for twelve weeks. [Fr. H — «.] 

A lump in the ear lobe, that is not moveable, it is only painftil at 
the commencement, it lasts four weeks (aft 34 d.). [Fr. li — «.] 
195. Burning eroding itching and exuding pimple of a scurfy 
appearance, like a small tetter, on the right ear lobe ; he is forced to 
scratch it. [LrJ] 

Tugging and twitching behind the left ear, that prevents sleep ; 
the part is painful when touched. [Fr. H — «.] 

Swelling of the root of the nose. [Fr. H — «.] 

Crawling and gnawing sensation in the skin of the root of the 
nose. [Fr. H — «.] 

Tension transversely across the nose. [Fr. H — «.] 
aoo. The nasal bone is painful when laid hold of. [Fr. H — «.] 

The whole nose, especially on the left side, is swollen, very red, 
and shining, with itching, especially in the inside of the ala nasi. 
[Fr. H—n] 

A very painful pustule on the nose. 

Inflammatory swelling on the nose. 

The tip of the nose swollen, red, inflamed, itching. 
205. Great itching on the right side of the nose ; he must rub it. 

A pressure down from the nose, as if a weight were tied to it. 

Swelling and cracking of the septum nasi. [Fr. H — «.] 
Swelling on the left ala nasi, as in severe fluent coryza. [Xr.] 
Cannot get air through the nose. [Fr. H — «.] 

210. Ihpistaxis of yariouB degrees of intensity. [Fr. H—n.] 

Bleeding from the left nostri! ; the blood coagulated as it dropped 
out, so that it remained hanging in strings from the nose. [Fr. H~^n.] 
The nose is scabby internally, and bleeds when blown. [i2/.] 
Epistaxis during sleep. [Fr, H — «.] 
When coughing severe epistaxis* [Fr, H'^^n.] 


215. Pain on touching the lips with the fìngers, as if they were hot 
and burning, as from nettles. [St/^ 

Dryness of the lips. [/r. H^^n.'] 

Roughness and dryness of the Tower lip, as from cold rough air 
(aft. 7 h.). [Lr.] 

Eruption on the upper h'p, more on its border, covered with 
yellow scabs, with smarting burning pain. [Fr. H — «.] 

Internai swelling of the upper lip. 
220. On the inncr surface of the lower lip, opposite the incisor tecth, 
pain fui ulccrs. 

Under the red of the lower lip, and sprcading towards the corner 
of the mouth, eruption of pimples, which when tòuched smart. 

Soft red swelling of the upper lip, which internally detaches itsclf 
from the gum, and there looks pulled away ; on its inner and outer 
surface there occur deep ulcerated rhagades, with shooting pain, some- 
times with itching. [/r. //—«.] 

Great swelling of the upper lip and of the lower part of the check, 
which is soft yet very red, wherein inch-deep holes (as if borcd out) 
occur, as if painted over with greyish-yellow matter^ from them is 
discharged only a watery yellow fluid ; they had a somewhat putrid 
smeli, and bled when touched, but only at their border. [Fr. //—».] 

Ulcerated angle of the mouth, that pains as if sore. 
225, On the inside of the lips a whitish-blue spot. [/>. H — «.] 

In the angles of the mouth pain, as if they had been inciscd. 
IFr. H^n.] 

Cracks in the corner of the mouth. [Fr. H — «.] 

Cracks and chaps in the corner of the mouth. \Fr. H — «.] 

The muscles betwixt the lower lip and chin were visibly spasmo- 
dically drawn hither and thither. 
230. In the morning^ about 3 a.m., the mouth is drawn towards one 
side, with loss of breath. [Fr. H — «.] 

Burning in the skin of the cheek, before the chin. f G«.] 

Little red ulcers, the size of a millet seed, on the right side of the 
chin, painless when touched. [Lr,] 

On the chin a pustule, the size of a pea, full of pus. 

Suppurating little red ulcers on the left side of the chin, painless 
(3rd d.). [Ir.] 
235. He cannot separate the jaws from one anothcr. [Fr. H — «.] 

A tension in the maxillary joint on opening the mouth. 

Almost complete immobility of the jaw, so that he can hardly open 
the mouth a little way, with the most violent pains. [Fr. H — ».] 

She cannot separate the jaws from one another, at the same time 
a tensive pain on the right side of the hyoid bone, bitter taste of ali 
food (except milk^ which tastes well), tearing and hardness of hearing 
in the right ear, loud discharge of much very ill-smelling flatus, ana 
moist eruption on the head. [Fr. H — «.] 

Pain under the lower jaw. 
240. Towards evening tearing in the lower jaw. 

Under the chin yellow scabby eruption, a quarter of an incb 
thick, almost painless. [Fr. H^^n.'^ 


The gums are painful when touched and when chewing, par- 
ticularly hard food. [^St/,'] 

Itching on the gums. [Fr. H — «.] 

The gums separate themselves from the teeth. [/r. H — «.] 
245. Tearing in difFerent parts of the gums, they are sorc and swollen. 

The gums are swollen and separated from the teeth. 

The upper border of the gums stand up in jags, which are white 
and ulcerated. 

Ulcerated gums. 

Painful swollen gums. 
250. Swelling of the eums at night, better by day. 

Every night swelling of the gums. 

Transicnt swelling of the gums, only in the morning. 

At night, every time he wishes to go to sleep, burning pain in the 
gums, that wakes him up. 

Burning throbbing pain of the gums, which increases after noon, 
is allayed by lying down, and goes ofF at night. 
255. The greatly swollen and painful gums are retracted. \_Hbg^ 

In the spongy gums, which are detached from the teeth and 
bleeding, a fine tearing, as also in the roots of the exposed teeth, 
almost ali day and in the morning on rising ; in the evening the pain 
is somewhat allayed by smoking tobacco. [Gjj.] 

The gums that are detached from the teeth look discoloured and 
are white at thcir borders. \GssJ\ 

Painful swelling of the gums, for several days. [/*r.] 

Bleeding of the gums at the slightest touch, for fifty-six days. 
[/r. i/— «.] 
260. Horrìble tearing in the teeth, especially increased by eating \ the 
teeth commence to be loose. [Gjj.] 

Pain in the teeth, especially after eating, as if they were eroded. 

The teeth become greyish black — black. [/>. H — «.] 

On moving the mouth sensation as if the teeth were loose, 
especially the lower front teeth. [^Lr,"] 

Feeling as if ali the teeth were loose. [^Stf,'] 
265. Looseness of the teeth, which are painful when touched by the 
toneue. [nòg."] 

Weakness in the teeth. 

The front teeth as if dislocated. 

Pain of the incisors. 

Pain of the front teeth ; when he draws air into the mouth, pain 
shoots into the teeth. 
270. Pain of the front incisors when he draws cold air into the mouth^ 
or drinks cold or warm fluids^ but only so long as this is done. 

Toothache as from teeth on edge. 

At niffht severe toothache, and when that went off 
great chilliness through the whole body. 

Tearing in the roots or ali the teeth, ali day. 

Tearing toothache after midnight and particularly in the morning. 


275. Tearing toothache, that darts into the ears, especially at night, 
on account of it he cannot remain in bed ; he must sit up ali night 

Drawing toothache, even in the front teeth, in the morning. 

Jerking toothache, especially at night. 

Toothache, pulsating jerks from the teeth of the lower jaw into 
the ear and from the upper jaw into the head, with painfulness of the 
gums from 9 p.m., only ceasing on lying down and going to sleep. 

Toothache like strong stitches. 
280. In the evening frightful stitches in a tooth. 

During sleep at night she grinds her teeth, and bites them so 
strongly together that it causes pain, which wakes her up. 

Loss of speech and consciousness for twelve hours. \_Fr, H—n] 

Loss of speech and voice* ; she hears everything well, but can 
only reply by signs and grimaces, and though she endeavoured to 
brine the vocal organs into action, she was unable to speak a single 
word even in a low voice^ or emit a sound, with sunken featuits 
and weeping about her condition ; she cannot sleep and feels veiy 
exhausted ; but she has appetite for ali sorts of food, and thirst for 
beer ; faeces and urine are passed easily. [^Fr. H — «.] 

The open air is painful and strange to the tongue. [/r. i/— ».] 
285. Tongue white furred,with whitish swoUen gums, that bleed whcn 
touched. \^Lr.'\ 

Tongue thicklv furred, \^Hbg,'] 

Tongue white as if covered with far, especially in the 

morning. [/r, H — «.] 

The tongue is insensi ble and as if covered with fur. [Fr, i/— ».] 
Very rough tongue. [/r //«.] 

290. Oreat swelling of the tongue. [Fr. //—«.] 

Swelling of the tongue. 

Swelling of the white furred tongue. 

Tongue much swollen, white furred. 

A formication on the tongue. 
295. Pain like needle-pricks, in the tip of the tongue. 

On the upper part of the tongue a longitudinal furrow, in whic» 
is pricking as from pins. 

The tongue pains as if cracked, with burning pain. 

Very painful, ulcerated border of the swollen tongue. 

Tongue swollen and ulcerated, hollow internally. [/r. H — «.^ 
300. The tongue is swollen and so soft on the edges, that it is shap^ 
in indentations corresponding to the intervals betwixt the teeth, zt^ 
these indentations look ulcerated. [Fr. H — «.] 

The anterior half of the tongue is so hard that when struck wi^ 
the finger-nails it causes a rattling noise, it is quite dry. [Fr. H — tr 

The tongue on the right side of the hyoid bone feels sorc ai^ 
stifffóth d.). [iJ/.] 

The interior of the mouth, especially the inside of the check^ 
gcts a bluish colour. [jRr. H — «.] 

• This condition lasted thrcc days, and wai almost completely removed by hyc:^ 
cyamus, so that on the fourth day she could say everything, and with her prof^ 
voice, only she had some difficulty in dolng so. 


Ulcers on the inside of the cheeks. 
305. At night burning in the mouth. 

VesicTes in the mouth. [/>. H — «.] 

The mouth was ali sore in the inside. [Stf.'] 

On the inside of the cheeks round, raised, white blisters ; owing 
to which the skin became detached, with burning pain. {^Htg,"] 

Ulcers and fìssures in the mouth, which give pain of a violent 
burning, smarting character, particularly in the evening. [Fr. 
H — «.1 

310. A Kind of aphthsB in the mouth. [/V. H—n.'\ 

Aphthx in the mouth. 

Constant dryness in the mouth. 

He draws much mucus from the posterior nares into the throat ; 
he must hawk it out. 

Sore throat ; feeling as if something stuck in the throat. 
315. Pain in the throat, as if an apple-core were sticking in it. 

Sensation as if he had something in the throat, which he must 
swallow down. [Stf,"] 

Difficulty of swallowing ; with great difficulty and with violent 
straining he got something down. \^lthg.'] 

Pain in the throat on swaMowing, and hoarseness. \_Fr. H — «.] 

Roughness on the palate, which gives smarting pain when touched 
by the tongue, as if the palate were sore. [Z*r.] 
320. Dryness in the palate as if caused by beat. [Z^r.] 

Something hot rises to her tlijroat. [/V. H—n.] 

Pain in the throat like aching. 

Burning first down the cesophagus, then in the abdomen. 

Swallowing is difficult and painful, as if he had burnt the back of 
his throat, or had swallowed boiling oil. 
325. After a moderate dinner, a glowing hot vapour rose up out of 
the abdomen into the throat, whereby the throat became always more 
painful and violent thirst ensued. 

Something hot rises up to her throat. 

Pain in the throat as ftom dryness. 

Anterìorly on the tongue very slimy, and posteriorly in the throat 
very dry. 

Pain at the back of the throat, as from excessive dryness. 
330. So dry in the glottis that he must always swallow. 

Throat always dry, it is painful, as if it were narrowed posteriorly ; 
there was aching in it when he àwallowed, and yet he must always 
swallow^ because his mouth was always full of water. 

Acute pricking pain in throat, as if a pin were hanging in the 

On swallowing stitchcs in the back of the throat, that penetrate 
even into the ears. 

Shooting at the back of the palate. 

335. When swallowing shooting pain in the tonsils. 

Great elongation and swelling of the uvula. [Fr. H — «.] 
On blowing the nose pain on the side of the throat, also internally 
in the gullet, aching and as if swollen. [Stf.'\ 


When the liquid reaches the level of the larynx, she cannotget 
it down lower, it flows out again through the nose. [Htn,] 

Constant aching pain in the oesophagus, about the level of the 
larynx, which becomes more violent while eating, and causes a sensa- 
tion as if she must swallow over a raw place, with burning pain 
there. [Htn.] 
340. He feels as if a worm rose up so that he must always swallow, 
whereby it goes off somewhat, but he does not feel anythingpass 
down. [Fr. Il — «.] 

Blood Comes up into the throat and out of the mouth, without 
vomiting or coughing. [/r. H — «.] 

Ulceration of the tonsils, with sharp shooting pains in thepharynx 
when swallowing. 

The orifice of the excretory duct of the salivary gland betwccn 
the back teeth is swollen, white, ulcerated and very painfiil. 

Discharge of viscid, foetid saliva, especially at certain hours of 
the night or of the evening. 
345. Pain and swelling of the salivary glands. 

Swelling of the glands of the neck and parotids, so that the jaws 
are closed, and cannot be moved on account of pain. 

Swelling and burning aching pain in the parotid gland, which 
went off in the cold and returned in the warmth j if he touched it 
with woollen stufF, he always had inclination to cough. 

Shooting pain in the cervical glands. 

By iits, an aching pain in the cesophagus, as if an ulcer would 
come there. 
350. Sensation in the guUet as if sore, on the right side of the throat, 
also when not swallowing. 

He ejects much saliva. [Fr. H — «.] 

Constant spitting. [5^.] 

Flow of very acid saliva. [Gss.] 

Spitting of very slimy saliva. [Stf,] 
355. Accumulation of soapy saliva, that is often rather slimy, and 
draws out into long threads. [ntg.] 

Very foetid smeli from the mouth, more remarked by others than 
by the patient himself. [Fr. H — «.] 

Taste of the food not exactly bad, but such as occurs in inter- 
mittent fever. 

Butter has a disagreeable taste to him. 

The tasteless mercuria! oxvde commences to bave a perceptible, 
then a very marked disagreeabfe taste (metallic, earthy, clayey, soapy, 
putrid, sourish) — at last thìs becomes intolerable. 
360. In the morning, bitter taste in the mouth. 

In the morning, great bitterness in the mouth. 

Bitterness in the mouth, particularly after drinking coffee. 

Ejection of viscid mucus, that tastes bitter. 

Bitterness in the mouth, especially when not at a meal, and when 
not eating or drinking anything. 
365. The food does not taste bitter, but before and after he has a 
bitter taste in the mouth. 


Constant bitterness in the mouth^ whilst bread is eructated of a 
sour taste. 

Bitterness on the h'ps and tongue, whilst eating and at other times. 
[Fr. H—n.-] 

Rye bread tastes bitter. [Fr, H — «.] 

Putrid taste in the mouth, worst in the morning. [/>. H — «.] 
370. Metallic taste in the mouth that almost makes him vomit. [Hbg.'\ 

Slimy and salt taste of ali food and drink, even of water. [Fr. 

Very salt on the lips. [Fr. H—n.] 

Salt tasto on the tonrae for several days. [Fr. H—n.] 

Salt expeetoration. \Fr. H—n.] 

375. He has a taste of matter in the throat. 

Salt taste in the mouth. 

Sweet taste in the mouth. [RL] 

Sweet taste on the tip of the tongue. [RL] 

Sweet taste in the]mouth, and illusory sensation in the body, as if 
it were made of something sweet. 
380. Putrid, very disagreeable taste in the throat. 

Taste of rotten eg^ in the mouth when he moves 
the tonnie, and then involuntaiy swallowing. 

FxcuTent foul taste in the mouth, and the saliva tastes salt. 
Beer made with hops tastes sour. 

In the morning, when fasting, she has a sour taste in the mouth, 
which goes oÌF after eating. 

385. Slimy taste in the mouth. 

Sourìsn taste in the mouth. [Fr. H — «.] 

Sour taste in the mouth, when eating and at other times. [Fr. 

Bread tastes sweet. [Fr. H — «.] 

He has inordinate appetite and h unger, during which he can 

hardly eat anything, because he has no relish for any food, it has 

no bad taste, but is tasteless. [Fr. H — n.] 

390. Bulimy ; she feels that it is not real hunger (aft. i h.). [Fr.H — «.] 

Bulimy of short duration, soon after a sufficient meal (imme« 

diatcly). [Fr. H—n.] 

Voracious hunger (aft. i, i h.). [Fr. H — n.] 
Continued ravenous hunger, during which he always becomes 
weaker and weaker. [Fr. H — «.] 

He has no appetite for dry food, he takes fluids willingly. [St/.] 
395* ^^^^ of appetite, especially in the morning. [St/.] 
« Little appetite but great hunger. 
He loathes sweet things. 

Bcef was repuenant to him, and he did not relish it. 
Extreme loathmg of flesh meat. 
400. Dislike to coffee. 
Dislike to butter. 

Lost taste for ali food^ and loss of appetite. 
No appetite for any warm food, only for cold things, bread and 
butter, &c. 

VCL. II. 1 1 

lii JàtliCUaiU 

Ni nsrs nr iaec me «tia. x » sos bdbfc him he rdishes it, 

i»> » » ^ « 

ÌèLzcz ALiurs rjr fu: irmirmg z3sz. far ezsng. 
\Lirr rzioc *TaT ìiizxs£?r. gmr rrrttJj^j i : chili] 

Tiie 5XDSÌI ce faoc s iKxr «£7ee&bàe id him dun eadng. 

iTC anrgTy to «hich he was fbnnerij 

k. [Fr. H—m.] 

t he feeis cutting adiing ; he 

jgg-js 2« ir bs zijsc iccùTU 2r>c he bzs do rest in anj posidon or 

p'jsz:LrT^ beczi^se ^: z àz iszxxarj ìttits him nom place to place. [Gss.] 

\^'ì:Z£ irz>:»r.r.x 2S 25-:^ he M^s sjck in his chcst, from the 

' the throat, with oppressioa 

e cutr.T.z ti>ere- 'G--/ 
415. CoctinzsI sickiKss, wiih aching cuttix^ in the diest, and hoc 
snc tbere lovarcs the sxàes os the chest) obtusc stitches, cutting in 
the aróocDcn, aad cuttiixg pressure in the sciobiculus cordis. [Gss,] 
Sweex taste in the throat, and at the same time sickness. 
Secszrxn as if he had caten something sweet, that exdted 
inath^ng asd hence nausea. 

Nausea, increascd after eating. 
AI] dar nausea and shirering. 
420. Headache cach time he has nausea. 

Nausea, up in the gullet and noe in the stomach, so that he 
cannot romit (espedally after eadng). 

He ìs so sick and inclined to vomit that he loses his hearing and 


Inclination to vomit, accompanied by vertigo, that obscures hb 
vbion, and flving beat. 

Inclination to vomit, immediately after eadng, with veiy good 
appedte and taste. 
425. He feek nausea in the scrobiculus cordis, then he has eructadon 
that sometimes stops his breatb. [//ini.] 

Nausea in the gastric region (immediately)^ and then bniised 
pain in the rìght side, just above the hips, which becomes worse by 
movement and touch, [/r. H — w.] 

At night (i a.m.) mnch water flows into the month, 
at the same time nausea, so that he wakes np from it 
and must vomit ; something very bitter comes np. [Fr. 


There somedmes rose up into ber throat a fluid, acrìd like brandy, 
not like acid. 

Violent vomiting of bitter mucus. [Fr, H — n.J 
430. Not loud eructation. [Fr. H — ».] 

Eructation soon after dinner, with putrìd exhalation from the 
mouth. [Fr, H — «.] 

Constant eructation of air* 



£ructation, often without taste, sometimes with a sour taste. 

Eructation of bitter water. 
435. Eructation tastes bitter, and has a putrid smeli. 

Bilious eructation in the afternoon. 

Eructation with the taste of newly-baked bread 

After eating and drinking, belching. 

440. Rancid scraping heartburn after a simple supper (ist d.). 



'hen eating eructation, so that an acrid fluid comes into the 
mouth (9th d.). [RI.] 

During dinner hiccuping eructation (gth d.). [^/.] 

After eating violent hiccup. 

Frequent hiccup, especially in the forenoon. 
445. Hiccup. [Fr. H — «.] 

Frequent hiccup. [-tr.] 

When walking at a moderately rapid pace a pressure from the 
left side of the scrobiculus cordis up to the thyroid cartilage, where 
the pain is worst. [/r. H — «.] 

In the scrobiculus cordis a constrictive tearing ; it then goes into 
the chest. [Fr, i/— «.] 

On a level with tne scrobiculus cordis, on the right near the 
scrobiculus cordis, he feels an artery beating violently, and he felt 
and saw it through the clothes. [Gss.'] 

450. Buming pain in the scrobiculus cordis (immediately). 

Ulcerative pain in the stomach and abdomen. 

Violent pain in the stomach, as if he had been vomiting violently. 

Great shooting in the hepatic region, on account of which he can 
neithcr inspire nor eructate. 

An acute pain in the stomach, especially on breathing deeply and 
455. In^e scrobiculus cordis a pain like a cruciai incision. 

When she sits on a low seat she feels hot in the scrobiculus 
cordis^ and she has blackness before the eyes, which goes off on 
standing up. 

When he sits his food lies in the scrobiculus cordis like a stone^ 
as if it was gathered into a lump. 

Fulness and tension in the scrobiculus cordis, which oppresses the 
breathing, with undiminished appetite. 

After eating an aching in the scrobiculus cordis, accompanied by 
460. Bread oppresses the stomach. 

If he eats little he has for some hours a drawing down the 
stomach, and a kind of spasm in it. 

He cannot bear even the most easily digested food ; even a 
morsel of bread lies in his stomach and draws down the stomach, and 
yet he has great hunger ; if he eats only a little more he becomes so 
ill-humoured that he can hardly bear it. 

The stomach is ftiU and constrìcted. 

When he bends forwards digestion is immediately interrupted« 


465. When he takes hold of something cold (/• g. a bit of cold wood) 
he gets pain in the abdomen. [/r. Ii—n.'] 

Pain in the abdomen and much noisjr flatulence. [/r. H— ».] 

Buraing around the naveL [Fr. H — n^ 

Buming in the abdomen. [^r. H — ».] 

Pincbing in the abdomen woke him up at midnight, two succes- 
sive nights for an hour. [Fr. H — ».] 
470. Over the left renai region a cutting tearing. \Gss.'] 

While urìnating, cutting in the abdomen. [/r. /f— «.] 

Aching tensive pain in the abdomen ; it was aggravata by pies- 
sure, it went oS during expiration ; was aggravated bjr walking, 
especially ^oing upstairs, when it became a kind of cutting pain. [Gn!\ 

Sensation in the bowels as if thcy were too loose and relaxed ; 
when walking the bowels shake as if they were destitute of iirmness. 

When walking pain in the abdomen as if the bowels were 
475. Chilly in the abdomen. 

Above the navel a tensive pain, deeply seated, relieved by eating. 
[Fr. H—n.-] 

A boring stitch perpendicularly from the middle of the hypo- 
gastrium down to the anus. [Gn,] 

Deep down in the hypogastrìum cutting stabs, as with a knife, 
from the rìeht to the left side, worse when walking than when 
standing and sitting ; at the same time a painfiil urging to stool, 
without any evacuation, for four days. [Fr. H — ».] 

In the hypogastrìum just above the genital organs, sensation as if 
something very heavy pulled down towards the pudendum^ for forty- 
eight hours ; at the same time pulling pain in both thighs, as if the 
musei es and sinews were too short. [Fr. H — «.] 
480. Painful contraction in the hypogastrìum. [Fr. H — «.] 

The evening air causes bellyache and diarrhoea. 

When walking in the open air he feels as if he had got a chiU in 
the abdomen. 

Bellyache as if from a chili. 

First pinching in the scrobiculus cordis, then soft stool, and there- 
after stili pinching and rumbling in the abdomen, in the evening. 
485. Pinching in the abdomen. 

First redness and heat in the cheeks, then burning pinching pain 
in the upper part of the abdomen. 

He feels chilly only during the pinching in the abdomen. 

During the pinchmg in the abdomen chilliness and rigor pass 
over him. 

Cutting pain in the upper part of the abdomen. 
490. Twisting and cutting in the abdomen with qualmish sensation. 

In the evening, cutting in the abdomen, with aching pain in its 
upper part, which compels him to loosen fais clothes in this region 
(aft. 2} h.). 

At night cutting, or rather tearing in the abdomen^ which felt 
cold externally. 

Indescribable abdominal pains, that only go ofF on lying down. 


He cannot sleep on the rìght side^ for the bowels are painful as if 
they were pressed. 
495. Violent pressure in the rìght side of the abdomen, as if the bowels 
were twisted out. 

Pressure in the abdomen (immediately). 

Aching pain in the abdomen, which rìses up to the larynx, as if a 
crust of bread were scraping in the oesophagus and as if heartburn or 
eructation were coming on. 

Pressure in the abdomen as from a stone. 

In the moming in bed a painful pressure in the right side of the 
500. A pushing out-pressing pain in the region of the liver. 

Distension of the abdomen. 

After a meal gurgling in the abdomen or abdominal muscles, syn- 
chronous with the pulse. 

After drìnkine always rumbling in the abdomen. 

Frequent discharge of flatus. 
505. In the evening a shooting itching on the abdomen, after scratching 
it burns, but no eruption on the skin is perceptible. 

Distended hard abdomen. [Fr. H — «.] 

Rumbline and grumbling in the abdomen before every evacuation 
(aft. 2 d.). p»^.] 

In the evening an hour before going to bed, and every time after 
passing water, he is troubied with flatus, which distends his abdomen 
much and is discharged without smeU. [Htn.'\ 

Frequent discharge of flatus. [LrJ] 
510. Inguinal bubo. [rr. H — «.] 

Small boils in the left groin and buming on passing urine. \Fr. 

Aching borìng pain in the right groin when lying and walking 
(aft. 12 h.). [Gn.] 

Aching pain in the left groin (aft. 30'h.). [Gn.^ 

Tension in the lefì; inguinal region. [Htn,' 
515. Acute stitches in the left groin, aggravated by inspiration. [Gss,] 

Pain as from swelling of the inguinal glands (ist d.). [RIJ] 

Occasionai aching pain in the inguinal gland. 

Stitches in the groin (and heel) towards evening. 

Formication in the inguinal gland. 
520. Drawing pain in the groin and testicles. 

Swelling of the inguinal gland (bubo), at first surrounded 
by redness^ painful when walking and pressing on it, then red on its 
apex and inflamed; he can neither stand nor walk without great 
pains, he must He down. 

The ingxiinal gland swells and becomes red and in- 
flamed, it Ì8 painful when touehed and when walking 

Swelling of the inguinal gland, the surrounding skin is red, 
without great pains per se^ but painful when pressed and after pro- 
longed walking. 

Pains like needle-pricl^ in the right groin on the os ilii. [Gn.'] 


525. In the right inguinal region great violent knife-stabs, causinghim 
to start each time. [/r. H — «.] 

Frequent urging to stool, after which a small quantity of hard 
large-sized fseces comes away with great straining at long intervak. 

Evacuation after some cutting in the abdomen (ind d.). \R1,] 

Evacuation after pinching and twisting in the abdomen (lothd.). 

Every instant he has urging to stool, with tenesmus in the rectum, 
without being able to pass anything. [Fr, H — «.] 
530. Constant urging to stool, but only a little carne away, with 
pinching in the abdomen. [Stf^ 

Evacuation only once every third day (aft. 14 d.). [Hbg.'\ 

Constipation for several days with catarrhal fever, hypochondriacal 
dejection and Ioathing at ali food except beer. 

Fruitless urging to stool in the morning. 

InefFectual pressing to stool, and extrusion of piles, which pain 
as if sore. 
535. Anxious urging to stool, every time with great nausea and 
pressing in the temples, during and previous to it. 

Cold sweat of anxiety in the face with extreme discomfort for a 
quarter of an hour, then diarrhoeic stool. 

Before the diarrhceic stool much urging, anxiety and trembling 
ali over the body, after the stool bitter scraping eructation and some 

Much urging during the stool with little evacuation (3rd d.), [^/.] 

Great desire to go to stool, which often suddenly forces him to 
go to the closet. 
540. Motion passes in small pieces like sheep's dung. 

Tenacious motion. 

Motion smells sour. 

Chilliness before every motion of the bowels. 

Shivering before every motion of the bowels. 
545. Before the diarrhceic motion, chilliness and urging, and during 
the chili, flush of beat. 

Chilliness from one diarrhoeic stool to another 5 but when actually 
evacuating flush of beat, especially in the face. 

After a motion attended by much pinching he is much exhausted. 

During the purging he becomes sick and has much eructation. 

Small evacuations of bloody mucus accompanied by cutting in the 
abdomen and tenesmus. 
550. Very costive motion which can only be passed with horrible pains 
in the anus and after a long time. [/r. H — «.] 

Evacuation of little hard feces without pressing (24th d.). [Lr."] 

Hard evacuation. [/^r. H — «.] 

Several burning smarting evacuations during the day that cause 
great strain in the anus, but nothing very considerable is passed. 

Mucus and blood on the faeces, which, however, were not hard. 
[Fr. //—».] 


555- Pappy stool with mucus. [Fr. H — «.] 
Brìmstone-coloured stool. [/r. H — «.] 

Yellowish, diarrhceic stool, twice a day, without sensation, for 
several days. [Fr. H — «.] 

Greyish white stool. [F^, H — «.] 

Discharge of mucus by stool with very little faeces, four or five 
times. [/r. H — «.] 
560. The motion comes only at night. [Fr. H — «.] 

He often cannot get rid of the motion quick enough, when he 
n^lects the cali it passes involuntarily, although it is only pappy. 
[Fr. H—n.'] 

Diarrhoea. \_Fr. H^n.'] 
Diarrhoea in the evening. [Fr. H — «.] 
Diarrhcea at night. [Fr, H — «.] 
565. Diarrhceic stool, streaked with blood. [Fr, H — «.] 
Red slimy stool (aft. a few h.). 

Bloody stoolSy withpainfiil acrid sensation at the anus. 

After pressure in the abdomen, as from a ball, there occur stools 
of dark green mucus. 

Dark green, bilious, frothy stools. 

570. Gbreen, slimyy acrid stools^ that ezcoriate the anus. 

Diarrhcea of green mucus, with burning at the anus and pro- 
lapsus of the anus. 

Soft, brownish, easy stool, which floated on the top of the water. 

Diarrhoea, with cutting and pressing in the rectum. 

Burning diarrhcea. 
575. Burning in the anus. 

Diarrhoea, with much blood, for several days, then hard stool 
with blood. [Fr, H-^n.] 

Green diarrhoea with violent pinching and cutting. [St/.] 

Along with soft stools^ burning pain in we anus. 

After e very stool burning in the anus. 
580. A haemorrhoid comes out of the anus and has shooting pain 
during the stool and on being touched. 

Vvhile urinating flow of blood from the rectum. [Fr. H—n,'] 

Discharge of blood after a faecal evacuation. [Fr. H — «.] 

Pinching feeling in the anus, as in diarrhoea, with discharge of 
much flatus. [Lr.] 

Sharp stitches in the anus, causing him to start. [Gjj.] 
585. Itching in the anus as from ascarides. 

Soreness at the anus (loth d.). [RL] 

Ascarides crawl out of the rectum (aft. ^ h.). [Fr. H — «.] 

Discharge of severa! largo lumbrici. [Fr. H—n.] 

Frequent urging to urinate, with scanty discharge of urine (aft. 
2 h.). [Lr.] 
590. Constant urging to make water, but none comes. [Fr. H — «.] 

Urging to urinate, so that he must pass urine at least once every 
hour, day and night, with severe burning in the urethra at the 
beginning of the urinary flow. [Fr. H — «.' 

Unconunonly weak stream of urine. [Fr, H — n,] 


Constant urging to urinate, about every ten minutes, but little 

Frequent pressing to urinate (after a nocturnal emission of semen). 
595. Pressing after making water. 

Whiist urinating a remote sick qualmish feeling. 

Pressing in the gcnitais, whereupon she must make much water. 

At 4 a.m.., in bed, he must make water. 

She must rise three times at night to make water, and much 
urine is passed each time. 
600. Copious flow of water, also several times at night. 

Darker urine. [Fr, -H — «.] 

Much red and brown urine, [/r. H — ».] 

Frequent and profuse urination (3rd d.). [-R/.] 

Urine with flaky white clouds. 

605. Urine immediately after being passed very turbid 
and depositing a sedìment. 

Urine as if mixed with flour, with thick sediment. 

Urine reddish, becomes thick on standing, and causes cutting 
pain when he is passing it. 

Very dark urine for several weeks. [iJ/.] 

Urine passes at first clear, afterwards white, as if mixed with 
chalk, and shortly afterwards the urethra is the seat of burning pain, 
after merely touching the penis. 
610. Brownish-red urine. [Fr. H — «.] 

He passes much more urine than the liquid he has 
drunk. \^Fr. H — «.] 

Toc frequent and too profuse urination. [Fr. H—n.] 

Too frequent urination with burning smarting pain. [Fr. H — ».] 

Small masses of hardened mucus, like pieces of flesh, pass along 
with the urine. 
615. Considerable pieces of white threads and flakes pass out after the 
urine, without pain. 

Urine smells sour. 

Very little urine, as if mixed with blood, passes. 

Rare discharge of fiery red urine. 

Dark red urine, as if mixed with blood. 
620. He cannot rctain his urine when the desire comes. [Fr. H — «.] 

When the desire to make water comes he must hasten to pass it, 
otherwise he cannot retain it. 

Burning in the urethra at other times than when urinating. f-RAl 

Burning in the urethra at the commencement of urinating. [Rl^ 

In the morning cutting when urinating (8th d.). [-R/.] 
625. Cutting at the commencement of urinating (loth d.). [-R/.] 

While urinating at first burning then smarting pain. 

Burning while urinating. 

Acrid urine. [/>. H — w.] 

Burning while passing water, [fr. H — «.] 
630. Haemorrhage from the urethra. [Fr, H — «.] 

Itching on the ossa pubis above the penis (aft. 2 h.). [G«.] 

A gurgling in the urethra, resembling shooting. 


In the urethra, more a throbbing than a shooting. 

Stitches anteriorly in the urethra, at other times than when 
635. Stitches in the urethra towards the abdomen, in the evcning. 

An obtuse shooting (several times) in the urethra. 

Gone to sleep feeling (dying away) of the penis, for a quarter of 
an hour. [Fr. H — «.] 

Cutting smarting pain in the whole urethra whiist urìnating, espe- 
cially towards the end of the act to the very last drop, and at the 
same time he cannot pass his water quick enough, generally some 
passes involuntarily before he reaches the vessel. [/^r. H — «.] 

Vesicles on the front and at one side of the glans penis, they ate 
in deeper and spread around \ several small white vesicles, which 
also discharged, but soon disappeared. \^Hbg.'\ 
640. A drawing shooting in the urethra, at other times than when 

In the evening burning about the glans, then vesicles on the 
inner surface of the prepuce, which break out into ulcers that soon 
beai of themselves. 

Itching of the glans. 

An itching shooting in the glans when it is pressed. 

Itching shooting in the glans after urìnating. 
645. A formication on the frsenum preputii and in the scrotum. 

Glans very cold and shrivelled up (aft. 3 h.). 

Formicating itching on the glans. [Gn.] 

Swelling of the anterìor part of the urethra, with suppuration 
betwixt the glans and prepuce ; it is red and hot to the touch, and 
when touched, as also when walking, very painful ; at the same time 
raging pain in the forehead, and rough, itch-like eruption on the 
hands, especially where the thumb is attached, most on the upper side, 
itching severely at night, [/r. H — «.] 

Tearing shooting pain in the glans anteriorly that spreads through 
the whole penis to the anus, sometimes also into the flanks. [///». T 
650. Inflammation of the prepuce, with burning pain in it. [/r. 

Great swelling of the prepuce, as if it were distended with air or 
water to a blister. [^Fr. H — «.] 

Swelling of the prepuce, and inflammatory redness and painful 
sensitiveness of its inner surface. 

Oonorrhoea glandis. 

Greenish, painless urethral blennorrhoea, especially at night. 
655. Voluptuous itching on and in the prepuce of the male organ, that 
compels him to scratch. \_LrJ\ 

Swelling of the prepuce, with burning, smarting and redness, 
and on its inner surface, chaps and rhagades, on the outside a red, 
fine eruption. [/r. H — «.] 

Several small red vesicles on the end of the glans under the pre- 
puce, which after four days broke out into little ulcers, which excreted 
a yellowish-white matter that smelt strongly and stained the linen ; 
afterwards the larger ulcers bled, and touching them caused a pain 


that afFected the whole body ; thcy were round, thcir borders, likc 
raw flesh, were everted, and their surface was covered with a chccsy 
deposit. [HògJ] 

Shooting itchin^ on the fraenum preputii. [Fr. H — «.] 

Agreeable tickhng itching on the front of the glans penis that ' 
compelled him to scratch (aft. 9 h.). [-£r.] 
660. Cold feeling in the testicles, in the afternoon and evening, fbr 
fourteen days. [/^r. H — ».] 

Before the flatus is expelled the swollen testicle is sensitive, but 
not painful. [Htn.'] 

Violent stitches in the scrotum. 

An aching drawing in the testicles, but more drawing than 

Drawing pain in the testicles and groin. 
665. A drawing in the spermatic cord, in jerks. 

Itching in the right testicle. [G«.] 

Spasmodic tearing pain, that commences between the testides, 
then penetrates into the penis, and causes considerable itching in 
the ulcers. [^HtnJ] 

Seminai emission without voluptuous dreams. [Lr."] 

Incomplete erections, with tension in the pudendum, caused,asit 
seemed to him, by much flatulence. [/ft«.] 
670. Boring stitch in the perineum when walking and sitting. [Gn.] 

Emission of semen in the midday sleep, followed by burning patn 
in the orifìce of the urethra when urinating. 

Painful erections. 

Nocturnal seminai emission. 

Noctumal seminai emission, mixed with blood. 

675. In the morning after rising, after a nocturnal pollution, he is ali 
over cold, but not exhausted. 

Burning in the male urethra during coitus (7th d.). [iJ/.] 

When walking profuse sweat on the genitals and neighbourìng 

Excoriation between the geni tal organs and thighs. 

Smarting in the female urethra when urinating. [Fr, H — «.] 
680. Bland leucorrhoea. [/r. H — «.] 

Leucorrhoea, especially in the evening from 8 till 9 o'clock, 
which does not drop, has a greenish appearance, and causes smarting 
anteriorly in the genitals, so that she must scratch much, especially 
in the evening and at night ; after scratching it burns violently. \Fr. 

Discharge of flakes, mucus and pus, as large as hazel nuts from 
the vagina. [Fr. H — «.] 

Itching in the labia pudendi. 

Long-Tasting itching on the labia pudendi shortly before the 
685. Pimples on the labia pudendi. 

Internai inflammatory s welling of the vagina, as if it were raw and 

Leucorrhoea with smarting sensation. 


Purulent leucorrhoea. 

Eroding leucorrhoea. 
690. During coitus, uncotnmonly quick and certain conception and 
occurrence of pregnancy. [/^r. H — «.] 

During the menses, anxiety, so that she knows not what to do 
with herself. 

Six days after the menses, recurrence of the flow of blood. \Fr. 

The catamenia come on too profusely and accompanied 

by pain in the abdomen. [Fr. H — «.] 

Metrorrhagia in an old woman in whom the menses had ceased 
eleven years previously. [Fr. H — «.] 
695. Metrorrhagia for three weeks. [/r. H — «.] 
Menses suppressed. [/^r. H — «.] 

Great prolapse of the vagina. 

Pimple on the labia pudendi, [/^r. H — «.J 

Fr. H—n.] 

Very frequent sneezing, especially in the morning. 
700. Very violent sneezing (immediately). 
Sneezing (aft. 5 m.]. [Fr. H—n.] 
Frequent sneezing. [Fr. H — «.] 

Frequent sneezing without fluent coryza. [Zr.] 

She must sneeze once a day, for twelve successive days. [Fr. 
705. For three days almost continuai sneezing, then great swelling of 
the left lower eyelid, especially towards the outer canthus, with 
burning pain and lachrymation, for five days. [Fr. H — n.'] 

Fcetid smeli from the nose as during severe coryza. [Fr. H — «.] 

Coryza with much sneezing. [Fr. R — «.] 

Coi^za for two days. [Fr. H — w.] 

Much fluid drops from the nose ali day long, without his having 
coryza. [Fr. H — «.] 
710. Acrid pus smellinglike old cheese flows from the nose. [Fr.H — «.] 

Dry cough. [Fr. H — «.] 

Cough with expectoration. [Fr, H — «.] 

Fatiguing, short, dry cough, the tickling irritation of which is 
felt under the upper part of the chest, and which is especially excited 
by talking, and hardly allows him to speak. 

Many nights severe cough, and irritation thereto from below 
upwards, as from the stomach ; it comes when he is awake and when 
he is asleep, and he needs not to raise himself up for it. 
715, Cough which rings and appears to him as if ali were dry in the 
chest, with pain in the chest and sacrum. [Fr. H — «.] 

On alternate evenings, most violent, shaking fìt of coughing, in 
the evening, when about to &11 asleep, as if chest and head would 
burst, for half an hour ; after the cough great stretching. 

Rough cough. 

When coushing he fecls as if he should lose his breath. 

(The cough wakes him up early, about a or 3 a.m.) 

720. During tìie congh, inclination to vonut 


Coughing of blood. [Fr. H — ».] 

Bloody expectoration when walking in the open air. [Fr. //—».] 

Bloody expectoration when working. [Fr. H — ».] 

He coughed up, whiist lyine, for three hours (in the forenoon) 
over a pound of blood. [/r. Ii—ni\ 
725. Difficult breathing as from want of air, in the morning. [/ìr.i/— «.] 

Shortness of breath, broken-winded. 

When going up-stairs, shortness of breath. 

Shortness of breath when walking, as if he couid not draw in 
enough breath. 

Anxiety under the stemum ; he must breathe deeply. 
730. Tightness in the region of the sternum. 

The chest pains as if oppressed. [Fr. H — ».] 

Anxious about the chest, a kind of tightness of chest. [Stf^ 

When he Hes (in bed, in the evening) on the left side he has 
tightness of the chest, and must breathe very deeply, whereby he 
has an intolerable pain in the left inguinal region. \Gss^ 

Tightness of the chest after a meal. \_Fr. H — «.] 
735. A pressive pain on the side of the sternum, which goes throueh 
the back, even when at rest, but worse when walking, in ine 
evening ; afterwards the part was painful as if bruised. 

Burning sensation in the chest up to the throat. [Fr. H — ».] 

Burning in the left side, where the ribs terminate. [Fr. H-^n.] 

Aching in the left side of the chest, which prevents deep 
breathing. [Fr. H—n.] 

Aching pain in the right thoracic cavity, when he holds his 
breath and again expires, going ofFon breathing in and out. [Gn.] 
740. A squeezing and tension in the left side, immediately beneath 
the ribs, a sensation which, although little painful, yet threatens his 
life ; he is very deficient in breath and dare not move, for at the 
least movement, e.g, of the arm, or on speaking a single word, his 
life threatened to leave him (aft. i h). [Fr. H — «.] 

On stooping, pain in the chest, single stitches. 

At other times than when breathing, only when sneezing and 
coughing^ a stitch anteriorly and superiorly in the chest through and 
through to the back ; there is shooting and squeezing together of 
the chest. 

Single pointed stitches (each lasting fìve minutes) in the chest 
(knee, zygomatic process, and outer tuberosity of the elbow), worst 
in the forenoon and when walking. 

When breathing, stitches in the anterior superior part of the 
chest and through to the back ; there is shooting and squeezing 
together of the chest. 
745. On the left side of the chest when breathing and when not, five 
or six severe stitches. 

Shooting in the left side. [Fr. H-^n.] 

Stitches in the right side of the chest when sneezing and cough- 
ing. [Fr. H^n.'\ 

When inspiring, whiist walking in the open air, shooting in the 
last right rib and i|i the inguinal region, with tightness of breath. 


Obtuse stitches in the rìght thoracic cavity, for some minutes, 
only when expiring, while lying and stooping. [G«.] 
750. At every inspiration a stab as with a knife, under the left 
short ribs in the side. [Gss.'] 

In the chest a sore pain. 

Bruised pain in the left side of the chest, on touching it. [/r. 
-W— «.] 

Pain as from a blow in the upper part of the chest, in the evening 

In the left side, beneath the last ribs, painful feeling as if it were 
swoUen there. [Fr. //—».] 
755» Quivering in the right pectoral muscles (aft. 24 h.). [(?«.] 

Pain in both breasts. [Fr. H — «.] 

Unnatural swelling of the female mammae, especially of the 
nìpples, which were also harder than usuai. [Fr. H — «.] 

Periodica! pain in the breasts, as if something in them were about 
to suppurate. [Fr. H — «.] 

After eating, under the breasts, a jerking griping. [Fr. H — «.] 
760. Horrìble tearing in the pectoral muscles, near the left shoulder. 

(When sitting) tensive pain anteriorly about the breast, that 
impedes breathing (for severa! days). [Lr.^ 

Violent bruised pain anteriorly over the breast ; he knows not 
how to sit or move in order to get rid of it. [Lr^ 

SmaUpox-like eruption immediately above the anus, with aching 
pain, worst when sitting. [Fr. H-^n.\ 

On the coccyx tearing pain, which is diminished by pressing on 
the abdomen. [Fr. H — «.] 
765. Grasping pain in the sacrum, especially when standing, somewhat 
a!!ayed by walking. [Fr. H—n.] 

Pain m the sacrum as if bruised. 

In the OS sacrum pain as ftom a hard uncomfortable couch. 

Sacrai pain, which is diminished by sitting. 

Grasping pain in the sacrum^ especially when standing ; diminished 
by walking. 
770. Bruised pain in the sacrum, especially bad when sitting (for 
severa! days). [Lr.] 

Itching in the os sacrum when walking. [Gn.] 

Shooting itching in the os sacrum when walking. [Gw.] 

Shooting in the sacrum during ordinary breathing (aft. i h.). 
[Fr. H—n!] 

In the sacrum and thighs shooting pain with unsteadiness in the 
sacrum, Icnees and feet. [Fr. H — «.] 
775. Fine stitches on the rìght near the false spinous processes of the 
OS sacrum. [Css.] 

In the sacrum and lower limbs shooting pain on touching ; it 
seemed to him that he had no stead&stness or power in the sacrum 
and legs from the Icnee to the sole of the foot. [Fr. H—n.'] 

Sharp need!e-prìclcs in the spine, betwixt the scapulse. [Gss.] 


Fine and coarse stitches in the muscles of the back whilst 
walking. [Fr. H^n.'] 

Smarting pain in the back, especially while sitting. [/ir. i/— «.] 
780. Itching on the back, in the evening in bed. [/Ir. //'—«.] 

Tickling itching on the left side of the back, that compdied 
scratching. [Lr.] 

(A burning itching and heat of the whole back, most when 
walking in the open air.) 

Pain in the back as if bruised. 

Burning hot sensation on the whole back. [/^r. H — «.] 
785. The back pains as if bruised. [Fr, H — «.] 

On movine, especially in the open air, bruised pain on the left 
side of the back, as from prolonged stooping, for several days. [ir.] 

On the right shoulder up to the nape burning pain (while 
sitting). [Fr. H—n.] 

Burning betwixt the shoulders down the back. 

Betwixt the shoulders, where the neck begins, on turning the 
head and when he (when lying) turns the rest of the body, violent 
pain, which, when he raises himself a little, becomes so severe that 
he must bite his teeth together. [/r. H — «.] 
790. Quivering in the right scapula. [GnJ\ 

Tearing in the scapulx. 

In the scapula a painless throbbing, that ends in trembling. 

Under the scapulx a squeezing pain when moving, in bed after 

In the left scapula bruised pain with shooting and tension in it, 
so severe when he turns his head, that he weeps and cries out (in the 
morning immediately after waking). [^Fr, H — «.] 
795. Pimples and boils on the scapulse and abdomen. [Fr, H — ».] 

Itching in the back, on the right scapula. \_Gn,'] 

On the right shoulder up to the nape burning pain, when sitting. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

StifFness in the nape, and shooting in it when moving. [Fr. 

Rheumatism in the nape, like aching, even when at test, worst 
when bending the head backwards. 
800. Neck swollen and so stifF that he can only turn it with difficulty. 

Painful StifFness of the neck, so that she cannot turn her head 
round, with heavy feeling in it. [Fr. H — «.] 

The left shoulder becomes perceptibly higher than the right, 
but without increasing its dimensions laterally, with pain in it, 
especially when moving, which even wakes him up out of sleep. 
[Fr. H-n.-] 

The shoulders together with the upper arm are as if asleep, in 
bed in the morning. [Fr. H—n.] 

Frightfiil stitches on the shoulder-joint, in the evening. 
805. Cracking in the shoulder and elbow-joints. 

More twitching than throbbing in the shoulder-joint, once evciy 
quarter hour. 


Tearing in the right shoulder-joint, the shaft of the humerus and 
the wrìst-joint (in the knee and hip-joints and the shaft of the 

In the shoulders pain lilce a down-pressing sensation. 

In the humeri a crushing pain. 
810. A twitching tearing in both upper arms; then their flesh is 
painful when touched. 

Burning on both arms, so that evenrthing falls out of his hands, 
and he must let the arms sink down. [Fr. Ii—n.] 

The rìght arm and hand were as if asieep, relieved by movement. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

Tearing on the inner surface of the right arm. [Gjj.] 

He cannot let the arm He long in one place, there occurs an 
intolerable tircd feeling in it ; he must at one time extend, at anothcr 
flex it, but it is better when he extends it. 
815. Twitching of whole muscles on the right arm. [-R/.] 

The right arm is shaken and tossed about ali night. [Fr. 
H — «.] 

The left arm feels heavy on raising it up high and pains as if 
sprained. [Fr, H — «.] 

Tearing in the elbow-joint. 

Single sharp stitches, each lasting five minutes, in the external 
tuberosity of the elbow (also in the zygomatic process, chest, and 
external tuberosity of the knee), worse in the forenoon and when 
820. Slow, tearing stitch in the elbow-joint. 

On the left arm, especially on the elbow, eruption of small, red, 
not inflamed elevations, whose apices became covered with white 
scurf and itched ; after scratching they burned. [Fr, H — «.] 

Large, red, hot swelling of the left elbow^ which spreads te the 
hand with extremely burning and tearing pains and at the same time 
creeping as from ants (aft. 6 h.). [Fr, fi — «.] 

Burning in the elbow-joints. [Fr. H — «.] 

Itching on the left elbow- [Fr, H — «.] 
825. Shooting on the elbow. [Fr, H — «.] 

In the bones of the forearm (and the shafts of the tibix) pain as 
from fatigue, per se^ but not when touched. 

Itching miliary eruption on the forearm. 

Tettcr on the right forearm of a circular form, with desquamation 
of the cuticle^ which caused voluptuous itching, and lasted eighteen 
days (aft. 6 h.) . [Fr, H—n,] 

Large, red, round, scurfy tetter with burning pain, an inch in 
diameter, on the forearm and wrist. [Fr, H — «.] 
830. In the wrist-joints attacks of painless throbbing. 

On the back of the hand a red pimple, with burning sensation on 
its first appearance. 

(When walking) dull shooting cramp-pain in the periosteum of 
the inner side of the right forearm. [Lr,] 

Dull shooting cramp-pain of the right forearm inferiorly, in ali 
positions (aft. 3 h.). [LrJ\ 


In ali positions, dull shooting cramp-pain in the muscles of the 
outside of the left forearm. [^LrJ] 
835. On the inner side of the wrists vesicles full of watery fluid, [fr. 
^— /i.J 

Painful stiffhess of the right wrist-joint. [Fr. H — «.] 

A powerlessness and paralytic state of the left wrìst-joint, and 
cracking and shooting in it. [/r. H — «.] 

Pain in the left hand (in the bones) on stretching it cut and 
grasping, fbllowed by aching, as if paralysed and rigid. [-R/.] 

The hand is as if rigid and stifF. \kL'\ 
840. In the wrist-joint cracking, shooting, and powerlessness. [Fr. 

The left wrist-joint is swoUen and pains when grasped firmly 
and moving. [Fr. li — «.] 

Deep rhagades on the hands, like cuts (chapped hands). \Fr, 

Considerable swelling of the left hand. \Fr. H — «.] 

Tension in the whole hand. [/^r. H — «.] 
845. Drawing pain in the hands, with coidness of the fingers. [Fr, 

(On moving the hands) great cramp-pain in the left hand, espe- 
cially in the fingers. [ir.] 

Hands and nngers tend to erow rigid when working, with cramp- 
like pain in them (jth d.). [ic/.] 

The back of the hand desquamates. [Fr. H — «.] 

In the evening in bed, on the backs of the hands eroding itching, 
which goes off after scratching, but soon returns. [Gjj.] 
850. Great tickling in the left palm, which compels scratching (aft. 6 
h.). [Zr.] 

Fine tickling in the right palm, that forces him to scratch (aft, 5 
h.). [ir.] 

The nngers of both hands are drawn together and flexed, par- 
ticularly the thumb, so that it is quite bent in, as in epilepsy ; with- 
out assistance he can with a great efi^brt and with trembling of the 
hands only straighten them to the extent of two tliirds. \Fr. 

Cramp-like contraction of the fingers and hand ; they are drawn 
into a bent position. 

Painful cramp of the fingers and hand, at first in the extended 
position, so that she could only dose them with difficulty ; after they 
are closed, however, cramp that drew the fingers firmly inwards, 
855. Dying away of the fingers. [Fr. H — «.] 

Deep rhagades on the fingers, which in their depths look sore 
and bloody. [Fr. H — «.] 

Deep chapping of the fingers like cuts, especially on their inner 
aspect. [Fr. H — nJ] 

A deep chap like a cut, between the thumb and index, bloody 
and painful. [Fr. H — «.] 

On the finger-joints small chaps, which are somewhat ulceratcd. 
[Fr. H^n.-] 


d6o. In the morning the fingers are asleep, then tingh'ng in them, 
then tearing half way up the forearm. [/r. H — «.] 

Swelling (painful) of the proximal finger-joints. [/^r. H — «.] 
Tearing here and there in the fingers. [Gw.] 
Tickling pricking itching on the inner side of the proximal 
phalanx of the right thumb that forces him to scratch. [ir.] 

(In the afternoon) the thumb is drawn towards the index (on 
the left hand, which when seated is held in a horizontal position) ; 
this thumb and index remain several minutes firmly squeezed against 
one another as if by a violent cramp (spasm) ; at the same time fine 
pricking in the thumb ; then the thumb receded by itself from the 
index, but previously it could not be separated even by great force. 
[/>. H—n,-] . . ^ 

865. On flexing the middle finger an aching pain in the middle joint. 
Under the thumb-nail, when writing, a burning twitching. 
Visible twitching in the tendons of the fingers (toes and tendo 
Achillis), in the evening, with severe rigor that threw him up high. 
DuU shooting cramp-pain in the left index, [ir.] 
Down the ball of the hand^ under the right little finger, on its 
outer side, a digging pain, worst when at rest. [(?«.] 
870. Exfoliation and casting off of the finger nails. [/r. H — «.] 
Sharp stitches posteriorly in the right os ilii (aft. 2 d.). [Gw.] 
In the anterior inferior process of the left os ilii painful, rhythmical^ 
sharp stitches (aft. 24 h.). [Gjj.] 

Boring pain in the right glutei muscles (when sitting), [G/i.] 
Burning in the nates. [/r. H — «.] 
875. Shooting in the right hip-joint when walking. [/>. H — «.] 

A red pimple with a white apex on the natis, which has shooting 

Tearing in the hip-joint (at night?), in the knee, and in the 
shaft of the femur (in the right shoulder-joint, wrist-joint, and shaft 
of the humerus) . 

On the lower extremities itching, in the evening. 
Pain of the right thigh, as if it were bruised, especially on touching 
it, and aggravated by walking. [/r. H — «.] 
880. Itching, which becomes pleasant by scratching, on the inner 
side of the thigh, whereon small elevations appear. [rr. HnJ] 
Coldness of both thighs. [/r. H — «.] 

(When sitting) cramp-like pain in the tendons of the outer side 
of the left thigh, near the knee. [ir.] 

On treading firmly much shooting in the leg, as if it were too 

The leg feels stiff when walking. 
885. Stitch-like tearing in the muscles of the right thigh, in ali positions. 

Tensive pain in the right thigh, when sitting. [G«.] 
When slumbering, not sleeping, at night, violent tensive pain on 
the posterior part of the left thigh, in the natis down to the 
popliteal space (worst at the point where the natis is separated from 
the thigh by the furrow), which is most alleviated by lying on the 
VCL. II. 12 


back and placing something under the back of the thigh to support 
it ; she dare not, on account of the increased pain^ sit on the chair 
resting on the back of the thigh — periodically aggravated. [/r. H — «.] 

Drawing pain on the anterior surface of the Icft thigh. [Gw.] 

Pain of the right thigh, as if it were bruised, much aggravated by 
taking hold of it and by walking. 
890. Drawing and heaviness in the legs. 

Frequent gone-to-slcep paralysis of the thighs. 

In the morning, in the thighs a painfiil, down-drawing pressure, 
deeper than the muscles. 

Soreness betwixt the thighs and genitals. 

Itching on the thighs. 
895. In the evening (after beat of the head and dorsum of the foot), 
eruption on both thighs, which itched and after scratching exuded 
a burning water, as when brandy is poured into a wound ; after the 
itching, about midnight, sweat on the abdomen and thighs; ali 
without thirst. 

Pricking and itching on the skin of the thighs, which wakes him 
up about 3 a.m. 

Stitches in the thighs and legs when moving. 

Itching eruption on the thighs, especially on their inner surface. 
[/>. i/— «.] 

Eruption of small pimples on the inner side of the thighs. [/r. 

900. A tetter on the posterior part of the thigh, on scratching the 
cuticle Comes off, and every scratch causes pain, for thirty days (aft. 
5 weeks). [/r. H — «.] 

On the upper part of the left thigh a boil, which is painful when 
walking and when it is grasped. [/r. H — «.] 

Small eroding itching ulcer on the outer side of the right thigh, 
that makes him scratch. \_Lr,'\ 

Shining, transparent swelling of both thighs and legs. [Fr. H — ^«.] 

The legs give way beneath him. [/r. H — «.] 
905. The legs are involuntarily jerked forwards. [Fr. H — «.] 

Involuntary twitching in the legs. \_Fr,H — «.] 

Cramp in the lower part of the thigh, just above the popliteal space. 

She can scarcely drag the legs along, they feel so heavy. [Fn 
H — «.] 

Weariness in the legs, they will not go on, the difficulty is quitc 
low down about the ankles. [Stf,'\ 
910. Trembling of the legs when walking. [/r. H — «.] 

Fine trembling of the legs when walking, especially about the 
knees and in the inguinal region, where it is greatest. [Fr. H — «.] 

Both knees seem to him too big and swoUen, and he feels in thcm 
a twitching for thirty-six hours. [Fr. H — «.] 

Crawling as if a large beetle crept upwards from the front of the 
right knee up to the middle of the thigh. \_Fr, H — «.] 

The knee-joints are painful whilst lying, as if broken. [/^r. //—«.] 
915. Drawing pains in the thighs down through the legs. 

Slow tearing stitch in the right knee while sitting and walking. 


When walking great fatigue over the knces. 

Tearing in the knee-joint. 

Simple pain in the right knee, as if it were stifF(ist d.). [RI.] 
920. In the knee-joints attacks of painless throbbing. 

Weakness in the knees and ankle-joints, worst when standing, as 
if the ligaments were devoid of strength and firmness. 

Sensation as if the houghs were too short. 

When walking in the open air a shooting in the knee-joint. 

Single sharp stitches (each lasting five minutes), in the outer 
tuberosity of the knee, not in the joint (also in the zygomatic arch, 
in the chest, and outer tuberosity of the elbow), mostly in the fore- 
noon and when walking. 
925. Fatigue and restlessness in the legs, in the evening, 

Spasmodic drawing up of the legs ; they remained drawn up ali 
night, though he wished to extend them. [rr. H — «.] 

Swelling of both legs. [/>. H — «.] 

CEdematous swelling of both legs and feet. [iPr./?— «.] 

Very great swelling of one leg. [Fr. H — «.] 
930. Many ulcerated chaps, proceeding from very itching pimples, on 
the left leg, which remained open from eight to ten days \ when 
they healed the skin desquamated around them. [Fr, H — n.' 

StifF feeling in the left leg up to the hough. \_Fr. H — n,' 

Itching in the legs. [/r. H — «.] 

(When walking in the open air) shooting tearing in the muscles 
of the right leg. [ì^r.] 

On the inner side of the left leg over the calf, drawing pain, [Gss.'] 
935* ^^ ^he right tibia a hard elevation, which looks red and 
shining, and has tensive pain. \_Fr. H — «.] 

A boring pain in the tibia. 

A drawing pain in the tibiae. 

In the tibiae (and bones of the forearm) pain as from fatigue, 
per se^ but not when touched. 

When walking in the open air a shooting in the calf. 
940. The calf was drawn spasmodically together in large knots. 

Enormous growth of one calf. \_Fr. H — «.] 

Long depressions, deep furrows drawn in the calves. [/V. H — «.] 

Aching pain in the periosteum of the right tibia, almost like 
cramp (when standing) . [ir.] 

Painful cramp in the right calf. [/r. H — «.] 
945. (When standing) duU shooting cramp-pain, almost like tearing^ 
in the periosteum of the front of the left tibia (2nd d.). [ir.] 

Violent aching under the ankles and in the flexure above the 
ankle-joint when walking, so that he must stand stili, [/r, H — «.] 

Great swelling of the right ankle-joint, with shooting pains in ic, 
especially when walking and in the evening. [ir. H — «.] 

The right ankle-joint pains as if sprained (4th d.). [RL] 

Shooting from the external ankle up to the hough. 
950. Tearing in the ankles extending to the dorsum of the feet, with 
swelling around. 

Under the outer ankle in the joint a painful slow drawing, which 

:i.i W£RCriIUS. 

ili»: rane ir nit 3i:iLl:w :c ir.; r^n.i ; -arata :t bc^in it was like 
sikiiicrxxìr UDÌ nsnsp 

C:»»i ii^s: n. ne 2 "t:r t^x irr-r Ixìrir àjwns ia bcd. 

S" r,'fT i f!f ^ ms ter>T mi r r ^tz, ir d» rreniag. 

Or I3K <t-«'«^ A JrgTnrg ^ ir thcr wrrc immeised in cold water, 

Wid 5CS3£:zìC* i^gg '-r psdn is tbe n^t sole, '/^r.] 
Dil ià xi g :? £ criTTr-ji-cgiz za ^c ri^fet sdIc, ncar the hcd, only 

^òol ^WTyì*" yjrrzg rszrsr y-- in i^ leh bee!, Lke paùn of dislocatkm. 

Tsarlzig iri-wìqg pudi frxa die beeì up to the nates, only up the 
zc x^ '.:-=K ilajoec wacx ai nidit than bv dav ; he cannot 
li^cn. yzc ibe kn-ee beat a rrtej'h h:m and was thus drawn 
togrcittr. 'F^. H — x.\ 

Wber wai^ ibé tesio Achìllis is painniL 

Visìbile twirch-ng in tiìe tssdo Adi:l!'$ and in the tendons of the 
tocs« in lise ciening;. with screre rigor that jerked him up high. 

Gtcsx svcCing oc the hsel. so tìiit she couid scarcely trcad on her 
tocs^ar the saste rime serere burnii:^ and smarting in the whole fooC; 
evea in bec these was so much pùi in it that she must get up out 
ofbcd. 'F-. //— «1 
965. Cramp-M:e contractioo of the toes at night. 

Attacks of tearlnz from the bi^ toe to Àovc the knee. 

Swc:iing of al- the toes, {fr. ft-«.] 

Swelling of thrcc toes that carne and went and returaed, they 
were paùnfuì at night, [fr. H — «.] 

Borìng pain in the tip of the third tee, when at test and when 
moving. 'G».] 
970. Buming paùn under the left big toe (when at rest) (aft 25 h.). 

Itching betwixt the toes, mosti v in the aftemoon and evening. 
[Fr. i/— Jt.] 

Itching prìck at the root of the two last toes of the left foot 
(when at rest). [Gii.] 

Eroded nails of the fingers and toes with itching. [/r. H — ».] 

The ulcer (already existing) bleeds. 
975. Itching eniption, like scabies, on the abdomen and thighs. [Fr, 

Eniption on the lower limbs, the genitals, houghs, neck and 
abdomen, which is red, as if sore, exudes and itches, is considerably 
elevated, and in severa! places has the appearance of pustular scabies. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

Small round pimples, that gradually change into roundish, ulcerat- 
ing spots, and fìnally become scabby, especially on the thighs and 
legs. [ir. H — «.] 

Eruption of red elevated spots, with itching prìcking pain. 


Nettle-rash, which after two days turns into red spots, 
980. Tetters, in which couching causes burning. 

Quite small, transparent elevations (vesicles) containing a watery 
fluid, carne out on various parts of the body, in the morning before 
daybreak. [Fr. H — «.] 

Dry, elevated, burning itching tetters ali over the body, espe- 
cially on the legs, arms, wrists and hands, even between the fingers. 
[ir. i/— «.] 

Little ulcers, three lines in diameter, arising out of small, very 
itchy pimples, which healed up in from 8 to 14 days, whereon the 
surrounding skin desquamated. [/>. //—«.] 

Itching which becomes pleasant by scratching. \Fr, H — ».] 
985. Itching in the joints, as if from scabies, day and night, worst in 
the evening, but without visible eruption. [/r. H — «.] 

Intolerable prickling itching on the body, as if a flea bit bere and 
there, in the evening (jth d.). [^/.] 

Severe itching on ali parts of the body, so that she must scratch 
much, especially at night ; at the same ti me intense redness and 
beat in the face. [/r. H—n,'\ 

Pustules on the upper and lower extremities, with pus in their 
apices and itching. [/r. H — «.] 

Tearing on various parts of the body. [Gjì.] 
990. Tearing bere and there in the limbs, more in the muscles, much 
increased by pressure. [Gss!] 

Twitching and tearing in the limbs bere and there. [*S(/I] 

He was much fatigued by slight manual labour, became hot and 
the blood circulated more actively (5th d.). [iJ/.] 

After a little manual labour great exhaustion^ fatigue, trembling, 
hot feeling (9th d.). [-R/.] 

When washing bis feet he becomes quite exhausted, trembling 
and giddy. [^RL] 
995. Tearing pain in the hands, back and side of the chest with 
internai headache. 

Drawing and tearing in ali the limbs. 

Drawing pains in the limbs, especially at night. 

As if bruised in the limbSy weariness in the thighs. 

Twitching pain in the afFected parts. 
1000. Twitchings. [Fr. H — «.] 

Involuntary twitching of the limbs. [Fr, H — w.] 

On account of twitching and heaviness of the thighs, and on 
account of profuse perspiration ali over the body and on the face he 
must lie down in the forenoon. [/r. H — «.] 

Much yawning and sacrai pain for a quarter of an hour ; then 
stifF stretching out of the upper and lower extremities, with thumbs 
turned in, follo wed by exhaustion. \_Fr, H — «.] 

Paleness with coldness; at the same time heaviness, laziness 
and sleepiness. [Fr, H — «.] 
1005. Jaundice with smarting itching over the abdomen. 

The linen becomes of a safFron-yellow colour from the insensible 
perspiration, a ycllowness that is not removed by washing. [Fr, H — ».] 


Swollen spots, on which, without previous exudation, a grey fiat 
scab carne, after the appearance of which the swelling and pain 
was allayed. [Fr. H — «.] 

(Cracking in ali the joints.) 

In several parts cramp when moving. 
lOiO. In the joints attacks of painless throbbing. 

Going to sleep of the head, both arms and both thighs, when 
lying. [Fr. H^n.] 

As soon as she sits down, ali the parts immediate]/ go to sleep, 
the thighs and legs, the upper and fore arms, together with the 
hands^ also, though in a less degree, the abdomen, back and chest, 
so that she has no sensation anywhere ; ali is as if numb and dead ; 
when she moves, she has formication in the parts moved^ as usually 
occurs after parts go to sleep. [Fr. H — «.] 

Great bruised pain in the whole body, especially in the thighs ; 
he feels as if he had been beaten, for many days. 

AH the limbs pain as if dislocated, chiefly when sitting. 
1015. Gouty pain in the joints, with swelling of them. 

On several parts of the body very fine short needle-pricks, for 
two or three minutes on the same place, quickly succeeding one 
another, as if in the bone (aft. 8 h.). 

StifFening of ali the limbs, so that for hours he cannot move 
them the very least, and yet they can easily be moved by others. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

She rubs her temples and cheeks with both hands and becomes 
faint. [Fr. H — «.] 

Ali his bones are painful when sitting, lying, walking and 
standing. [Fr. Hn.'\ 
1020. The symptoms are general ly aggravated in the evening. \Fr. 
H — «.] 

He dislikes the evening air. 

Chilliness when walking in the open air. 

When walking palpitation of the heart. 

When walking in the open air, immediately perspiration on the 
1025. While walking he is always in slight perspiration. 

Profuse perspiration when walking. 
Perspiration on every movement. 

When he drinks something warm he immediately perspìres. 
The sufFerings are most frequently on the left side of the body 
(as in syphilis ?). [Fr. H — «.] 
1030. He is better when walking than when lying or sitting. [Fr. H—n.] 

Dropsical patients (so-called) very rapiiuy lost the 
swelling, ana got instead foetid, rapidly decomposing 
ulcers on the legs instead. [Fr. H-^n.j 

Ali coverings, clothes and bed-covers feel too heavy for him. 
[Fr. H—n.] ^ 

In the evening an incessant restlessness in ali the limbs, as if there 
was iwitching in them, as after excessive exertion ; he cannot keep 
the Ijnibs stili, 


Towards evening restlessness so that he couid not remain in any 
place j he could not sit stili two minutes j he is forced to go away ; 
neither could he lie, for then he got twitchings in his lower extremi- 
ties, they became heavy, he must get up j al so at night he must 
always rise up, with twitching even of the head, and in sleep he 
threw his arms about. 
1035. Almost incessant pain in the joints as if compounded of disloca- 
tion, compression and fracture, which will not allow him to rest in 
any place, so that when seated and when lying he must move the 
limbs and turn and twist them in every direction. 

Weariness with tearing drawing pain of both thighs, after mid- 
night in bed ; after rising from bed, when treading, pain from the 
inguinal region to the knee as if the flesh of the anterior part of the 
thigh were beaten loose, [/^r. H — «.] 

Exhaustion and weariness in ali the limbs. [/r. H — «.] 

Exhausted, especially when sitting, as if ali his limbs would fall 

Attacks of internai relaxation of mind and body. 
1040. When sitting he is not exhausted, but is very much so on 
walking the very least, then the lower extremities above and below 
are very painful, as if he had walked a great distance. 

In the morning he is not exhausted, but the least walking fatigues 

After a stool attended by much pinching he is very exhausted. 

Laziness and like lead in the blood-vessels, worst when sitting. 

Weakness, less when walking than when standing. 
1045. He feels ili ali over, without having pain anywhere, he is ex- 
hausted, not inclined for anything and cross. 

Faintness with an indescribable malaise of body and mind, which 
compels him to lie down. 

He dislikes speaking, he cannot read, his head is dazed^ he 
cannot work, and falls asleep when he sits. 

Great exhaustion, he can scarcely get along. \^Hbg,'] 

Extreme exhaustion and his knees knuckle under him. [^Stf,"] 
1050. A kind of faint, during which consciousness is retained, mostly 
when lying ; at the same time he gasps for breath, with laziness 
and weariness in ali the limbs. [/r. H — «.] 

In the morning squeamish (sick), heaviness in the lower extremi- 
ties, exhaustion and sleepiness. 

Great weariness. 

Every afternoon about 5 or 6 p.m, he is overcome by great 

Very tired from a slight exertion. 
1055. Exhaustion with sadness. 

Great exhaustion in the evening. 

Short syncope, that ended in a sleep of five minutes ; before the 
syncope something sweet rose up in the chest. [/r. H — «.] 

Syncope with tolerably good pulse, for ten hours. [/r. H — ».] 

(When sitting) sleepiness, which went ofF immediately on 
walking. [ir.] 


1060. M uch 3rawning before dinner and suppcr. 

Whiist standing trresistible sleep carne over ber. 

First sleepiness, then sleeplessness. 

Grcat indination to sleep. [Fr. H — «.] 

Always slumberìng, but no sound sleep. [/r. H — «.] 
1065. The night sleep is only a sort of dazedness ; he tosses about as if 
the bed-clothes were a burden to him, and constantly wakes up. 

He cannot sleep on the right side, for bis bowels are painfiil as if 

Sleep intemipted by starting up in fright^ palpitation of the 
heart and terrifìed fancies {e,g, as if he dreaded an epileptic attack). 

Nocturnal sleep with open mouth, without snorìng, but frequent 
tossing about in bed, as if he could get no rest (aft. 23 h.). [/«r.] 

Too great disposition to sleep, sleeps too long and too soundly. 

1070. Great slccpiness by day. [/r. H — n.] 

He sleeps very much too long, for twelve hours, and would sleep 
longer, if some one did net wake him. [//if«.] 

Day and night he falls asleep every instant, and wakes up again 
every minute, so that he was neither properly asleep nor properly 
awake. [Fr. H — «.] 

Too long and too sound sleep. [Fr. H — «.] 

Too much sleep by day and night. [Fr, H — n.] 
1075. She can never get enough sleep ; even in the aftemoon about 
3 o'clock ber eyes dose forcibly, so that she must sleep two or threc 
hours in spite of herself. [Fr, H — «.] 

After midnight she cannot sleep soundly, and in the night she 
feels violent tensive pain in the left leg. [Fr, H — «.] 

Much sleep by day, and at night sleeplessness. [Fr. H — «.] 

Sleeplessness with extreme restlessness, anxiety and ili-feeling. 

Along with extreme loss of strength and Constant drowsiness he 
is unable to sleep. 
1080. Sleeplessness and wakefulness at night until 3 a.m., and before 
getting to sleep perspiration (from 2 to 3 a.m.). 

He cannot get to sleep before midnight and wakes quite early 
while it is stili dark, with some perspiration. 

He cannot get to sleep before i a.m. on account of wakefulness. 

He can only fall asleep late and with difficulty. 

In the evening it is long before he can go to sleep. 
1085. He cannot sleep before the lapse of two hours in the evening. 

He wakes up every night from 2 to 4 a.m. 

He cannot ^11 asleep, tosses about without knowing why, and in 
the morning he cannot get up for lassitude. 

Tosses about in bed, and cannot sleep till i a.m. 

As soon as he goes to bed in the evening the pain returns and 
prevents sleep. 
1090. Just as he is about to jfall asleep the pain becomes more severe, 
and he wakes up again. 

He wakes up every night about 4 a.m. and must pass water. 

He is late of falling asleep. [Fr. H^-n,^ 


He can only go to sleep towards morning. [Fr. H — «.] 

He wakes up uncommonly easily at night, [/r. H — «.] 
1095. In the night he wakes up and perspires only on the legs, from the 
icnee to the foot, not on the thighs and feet ; on uncovering the legs 
the perspiration goes ofF immediately. [Gss.'] 

(After two hours.) She wakes up from sleep about 1 1 o'clock, 
as from a fright, and howls aloud with tears for some minutes before 
she can come to herself and again become quiet. [/r. H — «.] 

Frequent waking up from sleep as from fright. [ir.] 

Frequent waking as from noise. [^Lr,'\ 

Frequent waMng from sleep, as from watchfulness 

(aft. 22 h.). [Zr.] 
UGO. He wakes up at night every quarter of an hour and does not 

At night, during his frequent awakings, stretching out the limbs. 

He wakes very early and cannot go to sleep again, though he 
feels nothing the matter with him. 

On going to sleep she starts up in a great fright, accompanied by 
a pain darting into her teeth and a severe stitch through the knee, 
with shivering. 

Frequent waking from sleep, as if he had already slept enough, 
with much tossing about in bed. [Zr.] 
1105. She often starts up in sleep and throws her arms up. [Fr, H — «.] 

Restless sleep. [/r. H — «.] 

Very restless sleep, broken by frequent waking up. [LrJ] 

Manv dreams. [/r. H — ».] 

Much delirious talking in sleep. [/r. H — ».] 
iiio.Could not sleep in the evening owing to frightful visions. 

In sleep groaning, whining, talking, with very rapid breathing 
and coldness of hands (but not of feet) (aft. 2 h.). 

Much anxiety and ebullition in the blood at night, and shooting 
in the blood-vessels. 

Restless night with beat ; half awake, he imagines he hears 
thieves breaking in. 

Has almost no sleep, is afraid to go to sleep. 
II 15. Sleep; but when he wakes ali goes round in his head ; sleep is 
more disagreeable than pleasant to him. 

Before midnight, soon after going to sleep, anxiety in sleep, he 
started up in a fright, and was anxious until he woke cómpletely up. 

He passes the greater part of the night in waking and dreaming. 

Agreeable dreams, after midnight.* 

A number of historìcal dreams at night. 
II 20. Anxious dreams with palpitation of the heart, and yet he cannot 

Frightful dreams at night, as if he fell from a height. 

Restless nights, dreams of highwaymen. 

Vivid dreams of the day's occupations ; he does not dream at ali 
when well. [///«.] 

* Probably curative efFect, after a previous opposite state. 


Anxious dreams (e,g. of having swallowed a needle), from which 
•he docs not wak« up completely. [/r. H — n.] 
1 125. Anxious dreams : of being bitten by a dog, of getting up a revolu- 
tion, after midnight. [G/i.] 

Vivid, agreeable and disagreeable dreams. [/^r.] 
She dreams that people are before the window, and on being 
woke up thereby cannot be persuaded that they were not there. [Fr, 

Dreams of danger from water. 
Frightful dreams about shooting. 
1130. Frightful dreams, in which he started up; he imagined hewas 
not in his own house, sat up in bed and spoke about a distant village. 

Vivid dreams, but which he cannot remember. [G«.] 

Vivid, unremembered dreams. [Lr."] 

Amorous dreams and erection of penis, without seminai emission, 
the second night. [Gn.] 

Yawning. [Fr, H — ».] 
1135. Much yawning. [/r. i/— «.] 

Frequent yawning, as if he had not slept enough. [Zr.] 

Much thirst. [Fr. H^n.] 

He wants to drink constantly. [Fr, H — «.] 

Thirst for water (towards evening). [Fr, fi — «.] 
1 140. Much thirst day and night. [Fr. H^n,^ 

Excessive thirst for ice-cold water. [Fr, H — «.] 

Violent thirst for cold drinks, particularly for fresh water. 

Eztraordinaxily intense thirst [Fr. H—n.i 

Rigor over the whole body, without heat and thirst, in every 
position. [£r.] 
1 145. He feels chilly when walking out in the open air. [Fr, H — «.] 

She is more chilly in the open air than in the room, although the 
temperature was the same. [Fr, H — ».] 

in the morning and evening chilliness ali over the body; he 
shivers. [Stf,'\ 

Constantly cold hands and feet. [Hbg.l 

Coldness and cold feeling, and chilliness and shaking with blue- 
ness of the body, ali day ; at the same time she must cower forwards. 
[Fr. H'-n.] 
1 150. He is chilly, and cold runs over him, but chiefly over the hands; 
behind the ears there is dry heat. [Htn,] 

Cold feet in the evening in becf after lying down. 

Chilliness in the back with heat of both ear lobes. [RL^ 

In the morning on awaking chilliness in bed. 

Shivering in the morning in bed. 
JI55. Internai chilliness, also in the morning in bed. 

In the morning, immediately on rising, chilliness and shiverìng. 

In the forenoon internai chilliness of the whole body. 

In the morning chilliness, and towards noon heat. 

After the midday sleep chilliness. 


I160. Chilliness towards evening ; the more he seeks to warm himself at 
the stove the more chilly he felt. 

In the morning in bed, and in the evening in bed, chilliness. 

Shivering in bed in the evening, for half an hour, not followed 
by beat. 

Chilliness in the evening after lying down in bed. 

In the evening in bed, for half an hour, chilliness in the whole 
body under the skin. 
1165. Chilliness in the evening in bed until midnight, then beat with 
violent thirst. 

In the evening severe rigor ; he is thrown up by it high in bed 
(at the same time subsultus of the tendo Achillis and of the common 
flexor tendons of the toes). 

At the beginning of the night, chiefly chilliness, then alternate 
chili and beat. 

Febrile attacks, particularly at night. 

Icy cold hands. 
II 70. Chilliness ali over, with icy cold hands. 

Chilliness, as if splashed over with cold water. 

He feels chilly in ali bis limbs, like severe catarrhal fever j he 
must lie down. 

After the chili trembling of ali the limbs. 

Thirst by day. 
II 75. Shivering, intermingled with frequent flying beat. 

Shivering from above downwards on the slightest movement j in 
the intervals attacks of beat. 

Severe chilliness from the nose and eyes to the occiput, with ex- 
ternal tcaring pain, before midnight when lying in bed. [/r. 
H — ^.] 

At 9 p.m. chilliness ali over and ali night ; at the same time uri- 
natingevery hour, and whilst lying in slumber involuntary twitching, 
jerking and tossing about of head, arms and legs. [/r. H — «.] 

In the evening in bed violent shivering from cold ; she cannot 
get warm. [Mòg,"] 
1 180. Slow weak pulse. 

Quick strong beating of ali the pulses. 

rulse of doublé quickness. 

Along with beat in the face chilliness of the whole body. 

He is chilly internally, with beat of face and burning sensation in 
the cheeks. 
II 85. Sometimes beat in the face, sometimes shivering. 

Chili alternating with beat in head and face. 

Fever : at first beat and redness in the face and hot feeling in the 
whole body, especially in the interior of the hands, without externally 
perceptible warmth, alternating with internai chilliness, which com- 
pels him to lie down, a rigor even into the night, and along with this 
rigor hot feeling in the palms of the hands, with icy cold fmger tips. 

Frequent attacks of fever composed of general flying beat and 
frequently recurring chili and shivering (especially over face, back, 
chest, and arms). 


Alternate sensation of beat and chili ; not perceptible 
extemally to the touch. 

1190. Beat and hot sensation in the face with pale face. 

After midnight heat and redness of the left cheek and perspira- 
tion of the palms ; afterwards diarrhoea and loathing of food. 

Attacks of heat with great anxiety, as from compression of the 
chest, without thirst, alternating with cold feeling over the whok 
[ body and great prostration. 

Heat, redness, and aching in both eyes. [/r. H — ».] 

When he has been seated some time heat comes into bis cheeb 
and head, with redness of face, without thirst. [5//*.] 
1 195. In cold and raw air he feels very warm in ali parts of the body, 
for four days (immediately). [Fr. li — n.] 

From time to time heat in head and face. [5//*.] 

Continuai intermingled heat and chili ; when out of bed chili, in 
bed heat, with great thirst for milk at night (he drank in one night 
three jugs of milk). \_Stf.'] 

Febrile rigor over the whole body, without heat or thirst, in 
every position (aft. 7^ h.). [Z^r.] 

rerspiration which causes burning sensation on the skin. \Fr, 
1200. Day and night much disposed to perspiration, most at night. [Fr, 

Profuse perspiration ali night, from the evening till the moming. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

Foetid perspiration for many nights. [Fr. H — «.] 

Profuse night sweat. [/r. H — «.] 

At night very profuse perspiration of a fatty or oily character, 
making the linen feel stifF, as if starched, and yellow. [Fr. //—«.] 
1205. Profuse foetid perspirations, so that the upper and under sheets are 
as if soaked in water. [Hbg.] 

Perspiration on the fece and chest. [Fr. H — «.] 

Profuse cold sweat on the face, while the rest of the body is dry. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

Uncommonly profuse sweat, that smells sour and repulsive, and 
the fìngers look softened, spongy, and wrinkled, as in washerwomen. 

Sour-smelling perspiration, and when she put a limb out of bed 
there occurred in it immediately the most violent tearing pain. 
12 IO. Perspiration every evening for an hour and a half after going to 

Profuse moming sweat, 

During the morning sweat, thirst, nausea to vomiting, and 
intolerable uncontrollable palpitation of the heart. 

Sweat by day with- nausea. 

Profuse sweat in the evening in bed 5 he falls asleep during the 

1215. Frofiise night sweat 

Sweat in the palms and soles. 

Partissi $wedt5 he per$pires at night on difFerent parts and on 


other parts he is dry ; the perspiring parts were not above six inches 
large, but the sweat was dripping ; the head and ali the face were 
dry. [Fr. H — «.] 

As soon as she eats she has great anxiety and perspiration on the 
head and forehead, which feels icy cold ; she must go into the open air 
before the sweat will go ofF; at the same time she has loss of breath 
and shooting in the right side dose under the ribs. [/r. H — «.] 

Attacks of trembling. 
1210. Palpitation of the heart. 

Excessive fright at a slight surprise, she trembles in her whole 
body, is as if paralysed, a tremendous glow rises into the right check, 
which at the same time swelled and became bluish red and remained 
so for two hours ; she was so much afFected that she could not 
compose herself again ; ali the limbs were as if bruised, violent rigor, 
tottering of the knees compelled her to go to bed before the usuai 

Restlessness, he cannot remain quiet in any place ; he can neither 
stand nor He, and is as if mad, or as if he had committed a great 

Disposition restless^ dejected ; anxiety without any particular 

Indescribable sensation of an internai, intolerable ili, during which 
he remains silent and will not get up from bed. 
1225. Imagines he is enduring the tortures of hell, without being able to 
account for it. 


Much anxiety and ebullition in the blood at night, and shooting 
in the blood-vessels.^ 

She is always anxious and fearful ; she then has a sudden pain 
in the scrobiculus cordis, the hands commence to perspire, and she 
becomes hot in the face. 

Anxiety as if he had committed a crime. \_Hbg,'\ 
1230. No rest, always anxious. \^Hbg,'\ 

He has no rest, and must go hither and thither, and cannot 
remain long in one place. [Fr, H — n."] 

Extreme restlessness ali night from evening to morning; he 
would sometimes rise up, sometimes lie down, nowhere could he 
find rest. [Stf.] 

Extreme restlessness ali night, beginning about 8 p.m. and lasting 
till morning j he sometimes rose up because he had no rest when 
lying, sometimes he lay down again, because walking was intolerable 
to him, nowhere had he rest. [Stf,^ 

Anxiety and apprehension in the blood, he knew not how to 
compose himself ; he felt as if he had committed a crime, without 
beat, also at the same time as if he was notquite master ofhis senses, 
ali day. 
1235. Anxiety that could drive him far away, as if he had committed a 
crime or some misfortune were about to happen to him. 

* Rcpetition of S. ma. 


He thinks he is losing his reason, that he is going to die ; wìth 
illusions of the imagination, e.g. he sees water flowing where there 
is none (in the morning). 

With absence of thought he feels as if he had done something bad. 

No inclination for serious work. \Gn.'\ 

In the evening very much disposed to start in affright, [/r. 
H — «.] 
1240. He had no courage to live. [/V. H — «.] 

He wished to die, was indifFerent to every thing, even to what 
he took most delight in. \^Hbg,'\ 

Ali day long great seriousness with much indifFerence ; he got 
angry when others laughed at a trifle, and at the same time was 
extremely indifFerent to ali about him. [^Lr,"] 

He is indifFerent to everything in the world, has no desire to eat, 
and yet when he does eat he relishes his food and can partake of 
what is required. 

Extreme indifFerence. 
1245. ^^ cares for nothing and is indifFerent to everything. 

Everything is distasteful to him, even music. 

Disposition rather indifFerent. [Gss,'] 

Without cause he is very discontented with himself and his 
position. [GnJ] 

Ali day long depression of spirits combined with anxiety ; he 
always thought he was going to bear of something disagreeable. [/.r.] 
1250. Ali day long sulky ; he was extremely laconic and grave, [^r.] 

Ali day long cross and peevish , he believed that ali his efForts 
would fìnaJly fail. [^LrJ\ 

Disposition irritable^ irascible, daring. 

Very cross and intolerant, easily irritated, very suspicious. 

Quarrelling with every one, opinionative, quarrelsome. 
1255. Disputatious^ quarrelsome. 

Ali day long sulky and distrustful ; he almost insulted those 
about him, and regarded them ali as his greatest enemies. \^Lr,'\ 

During the whole day cross, as if at variance and dissatisfìed with 
himself, and had no inclination for speaking and joking. [Lr!\ 

Longing nostalgia. [GnJ\ 

An almost irresistible desire to travel away to a distance. \Gn.'\ 
1260. Hurry and rapidity in speaking. [/r. H — «.] 

He talked nonsense : look ! you strike a fly on your band, and 
you had previously forbidden me to do so (which was not the case). 

He is silly, acts the bufFoon, and does stupid nonsensical things; 
in the evening (though it was hot summer weather) he lit his fire, laid 
swords across one another, and put candles in one corner of the 
room, in the other boots, and ali this quite gravely, while at the 
same time he was quite indifFerent to beat and cold ^ he was stupid 
and heavy in the head. 

Mania ; she throws ofF the clothes at night, tears the Straw about, 
and scolds ; by day she leaps up high (like a petulant extravagant 
person) in the open air as well as in the room s she talks and scolds 
much to herself, does not know ber nearest relations, spits fìrequently 



and spreads the saliva out with her feet, and licks some of it up again ; 
she often licks cowdung and the mud of ponds ; she often takes little 
stones in her mouth, without swallowing them, and at the same 
rime complains that they are cutting her bowels ; much clotted blood 
passes with her motion ; she does no harm to any one, but resists 
much when any one touches her ; she does nothing she is told to do, 
will not sit down to any meal, though most days she takes food and 
drink irregularly; she looks very pale and ili, and appears to be 
much more exhausted than before. [Fr. H — ».] 

When taking a walk he felt a strong inclination to catch by the 
nose strangers whom he met. 
1265. During bis nonsensical acts he was much disposed to weep, and 
when this paroxysm passed he felt very exhausted. 

Almost involuntary weeping with relief.^ 



During a continued fever accompanied by Constant beat, with 
night-sweats, sinking of the strength, tearing pains in the limbs and 
trembling, numerous round, deep, eroding ulcers in the mouth and 
&uces, on the face, on the genitals, and on the rest of the body, with 
white bottom and inflamed, very painful borders. 


(Corrosive Sublimate,) 

Weakness of the mind ; he looks at us with staring large eyes 
and does not understand us (aft. 2 h.). 

Headache, shooting combined with aching, above the left eye, 
aggravated by stooping. 

A humming in the left ear synchronous with the pulse. 

Inflammation of the eyes, which project from their orbits. [C. 
Fr. Schwarze,J5^«^. una Ér/ahr.yi. d.Med.^^Dresden^ 1827, p. 322.] 
5. Staring look. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Distortion of the features. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Tearing in the upper jaw (antrum Highmorìanum) towards the 
eye, foUowed by swelling. 

On the gums and in the mouth a burning pain. 

The lower lip much swollen, and its inside so much everted 
that the border rests on the chin. [Schwarze, 1. e] 
IO. Swelling of the lips, tongue and neck. [Schwarze, I. c] 

Roughness in the throat which makes speaking but not swallow- 
ing, difficult. 

* The number of symploms apparently exceeds by two that given by Hahme- 
MANN, owing to hìs having omitted to reckon two symptoms between 890 and the 

' Not accessiblei 


Salt taste in the mouth (aft. 2 h.)- 

Salivation. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Unquenchable thirst. [Schwarze, 1. e] 
15. Vomiting. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Aching feeling in the gastric region and chest. [Schwarze,!. c] 

Immediate]/ after a stool^ downward pressure in front below the 
navel, which lasts some time. 

Cutting in the abdomen (immediately) with chilliness in the 
open, though warm, air. 

Painful burning from the mouth to the gastric region. 
[Schwarze, 1. e] 
20. Very distended, painful abdomen. [Schwarze, 1. e. 

Uncommon distension of the abdomen (aft. 12 h.). 

Stool of viscid faeces. 

Stool of thin formed foces. 

Along with almost Constant cutting in the abdomen and intoler- 
able painful almost inefi^ctual pressing, forcing^ and tenesmus, fre- 
quent discharge of a little bloody mucus, day and night. 
25. Evacuations of fseces mingled with mucus and dark coagulated 
blood. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Diarrhcea. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Tenesmus. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Strangury. [Schwarze, 1. e] 

Itching anteriorly in the urethra. 
30. Urethral blennorrhoea, at first thin^ then thick ; fìnally with 
smarting pain on urinating, and stitches through the urethra. 

Leucorrhoea, pale yellow with disgusting sweetish smeli. 

(During coitus on touching the mouth of the womb, an aching 
pain, followed by a pressing.) 

» * 

Very severe coryza. 
Dry cough. 
35. Hollow, fatiguing, dry cougb (aft. 2 h.). 

Nocturnal shooting pain transversely through the whole chest. 
Oppression of the chest. 

Round about the nipples painful glandular swelling. 
Shooting pain in the hip-joint when moving and when at rest. 
40. Sensation of going to sleep of the leg. 
Icy cold feet (aft. 2 h.). 

Towards evening disagreeable feeling in the periosteum of ali the 
bones, like the commencement of ague, with hot feeling in the head 
(aft. 6 h.). 

(In the morning, on the arms and body painless blisters, that go 
ofF in the course of the day.) 

Fine shooting pain bere and there in the muscles, by day. 
45. He starts suddenly on going to sleep with a shock of the whole 
body (aft. 8 h.). 

He is chilly on the head. 

On the slightest movement, even on rising from a seat, chilliness 
and cutting in the abdomen. 


From the open, though warm air, which is very repugnant to 
her, chilliness, cutting in the abdomen and tenesmus. 

On stooping heat^ on rising up again coolness. 
50. At night he cannot rest in any position, owing to a feeling of 
heat and anxiety. 

Frequent peevish disposition, so that no one can do anything to 
please him, alternating with cheerfulness. 


{Acetati of Mercury.) 

(Eyes inflamed in the canthi, with burning itching pain, in the 
morning and evening.) 

Dryness in the throat, that impedes speaking, with a scraping 

On coughing more than on swallowing, at the back of the throat 
an aching shooting. 

Frequent urination. 
5. In the morning he passes a quantity of water, but slowly (strie- 
ture of the urethra ?) with tenesmus. 

A burning in the urethra, when urinating and at other times. 

Cutting in the urethra with the last drops of urine. 

Swelling and inflammation of the anterior part of the penis (with 
burning and pricking pains, that wake him up at night) ; cold water 
aggravates the pains, tepid water diminishes them. 

Contractive pain in the testicles. 
IO. Internai swelling inside the labia pudendi. 

SCatamenia four days too early, at the new moon.] 
n the chest pain as if it were ulcerated, raw and sore. 
On the sternum, just above the scrobiculus cordis, a pressure 
with tightness of the breath when standing, even when he did not 

Tearing in the hands, the knuckles of which become red and 
15. The borders of the ulcer become very painfiil. 

Eruption of itching, bursting pimples ; after scratching they 
bum like iire. 

In the forenoon drawing pain in the limbs and shivering not 
followed by heat. 

Anxious dreams after midnight, e. g. of drowning, of robbers who 
want to murder him^ of danger from water and fire. 

At night, particularly after midnight, heat without thirst and 
without perspiration, but feeling as if he perspired. 
20. On moving profuse sweat. 

voL. II. 13 



{Red Oxyde ofMercury.) 

(Attacks of suiFocation, when lying at night, whilst going to 
sleep ; he must leap up suddenly, by which it always went off.) 

(Violent palpitation of the heart, which threatened to biirst his 


{Front thi intimai me (f Cmnabar.*) 

Roarìng in the head, half an hour after difiner and in the evening 
before going to sleep, which makes him dizzy. 

A projection on the external parts of the head, only by day. 

On touching the head the skull is painful, and even the hairs are 

(Inflammation of the right eye ; itching, aching and shooting in 
the inner canthus and on the lower lid, with Constant lachrymation 
when he looks at anything, wi^h severe coryza.) 
5. In the palate a con tracci ve burning sensation. 

In the throat, aching contractive pain, on swallowing tbe $^iva« 

At night much dryness and beat in the mouth and throat, he 
must drink frequently^ whilst doing so some shooting posterìorly 
beneath the tongue. 

A pricking itching on the front part of the neck, with swoUen 
cervical glands, and on the anterior part of the chest ; there appear 
red points that coalesce into round spots^ covered with hard granular 
papules ; on sqratching the eruption burns and itches sdii more ; 
fìnally the places become painful. 

Great appetite for eating and drinking and gEcat desire for coitus. 
10, Great appetite for food and ibr coitus. 

No appetite ; ali food is repugnant to him. 

Immediately inclination to vomìt. 

While lying in bed at night a beat rose from the stomacfa iato 
the throat and head, which went off on sitting up. 

Every day two easy soft stools each tinie preceded by pinching, 
less afterwards, 
1 5. Bowels open twice daily. 

A pain like soreness in the urethra when urinating, silthotigh th« 
urethra is not painful when pressed. 

The penis is swollen. 

Twitchin^ in the penÌ8« 

In the sulcus behind the glans, itching pain j mattcr of a dis' 
gusting sweet smeli exudes therefrom. 
20. Small red spots on the glans penis. 

Tearing stitches in the glans. 

• Thè action lasted nine days. 


On the glans red sppts appear, as if pimples were about to come. 
In the evening on the corona glandis, burning pricking itching, 
lyhich was allayed by rubbing, but sqon retiirned mor^e severely. 
Redness and swellìng of the prepuce ; it looj^s sore, with itching 

25. (Ifere and there on the prepuce w^rts, which bleed ivhen 

Leucorrhoea, which on passing causes ^ pressing in the vagina. 
}n the evening in bed strong erections. 

Much coryza. 

( When she lies down she must continually cough ; less when 
she sits ; single, quite dry cou^rimpmlses.) 
30. Beating like a pul^e and shpoting bere and there near the sternum 
and under the short ribs, most when walking^ least when sitting and 

Tearing pain anda$ if eyerything were lacerated on the side of the 
back, especially at pight^ on the slightest movement in bed, and in 
the arm when writing ; both diminished by the heat of the stove. 

Severe stitches son^etinie^ in the arm. 

Pfsrspir^tipn h^twixt the tbighs when walking, which smells badly 
and causes excoriation. 

In the evening, after falling asleep, a painfiil twitching in the legs, 
which woke him up. 
35. In the foot an aching sensation, as if the foot would go to sleep. 

(Rheumatic pain in the big loe.) 

After eating, a very uncQn>fortable feeling in the body, as if it were 
blown out and distended ; Qver the chest and stomach as if oppressed. 

Coldness in the joints ; shivering and drawing in the arms and 

Paralytic feeling in ali the limbs ; he is lazy and sleepy. 
40. Sleeplessnes^ at night, without pains and without ^igue ; he 
felt in the morning as if refreshed and required no more sleep. 

After midnight he wakes suddenly as from a dream and has no 
breath, like nightmare. 

{From fumigation «with Chmabar,) 

Jntractabje headache. 

Pain in the cervical vertebrae as if dislocated. 

Nocturnal diari^oea for t^p weeks, without p^n in the bpwels. 

(The bordejr§ pf the ulcera hecpffl^e painful and tense.) 


Weakness of the reason [Swedjaur,* Tratte des malad, vener,<i 
tom. ii, p. 368.] 

Self deceptioh ; he considers himself weU. [Jag. HiLL,t in 
Edinb. Essaysy iv.] 

• From mercuria^ vapour. 

f From the vapour of a drachm of cinnabar; 


Insanity. [Larrey,* in Description de FEgypte^ tom. i, Memoires 
et Obs.] 

Complaining : she is deranged and knows not what she is doing. 
[DEGNERjt in Ada Nat, Cur,y vi, Obs. 600.] 

5. Great want of memory ; he often forgot the first part of a 
sentence before he could say the last part of it. [^Hu/eland'sX 
yournal d, pr, A.^ x., i, p. 62.] 

Headache in the temples. [Degner, I. e] 

Attacks of intractable headache, which required external compres- 
sion of the head in order to alleviate it. [Pet. Schenk,§ vii, Obs. 213.] 

SweUing of the head, the cervical glands, the gums [Schlegel, 
in HufiL jour.y vii, 4.] 

Great swelling of head and neck. [Degner, 1. e] 
IO. The hair falls out [Heuermann,|| Bemerk. und Untersuch,^ ii, 
pp. 29, 30.] 

Altered features. [SwEEDjAUR,ir 1. e] 

The face becomes of a leaden hue. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Swelling of face, neck, and ali internai parts of the mouth. 
[Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Over-sensitivenessof the auditoryorgan; he starts at the least noise. 
[FouRCROY, in the translation of Ramazzimi Maladìi$ des artisanSy 
p. 42.] 
15. Epistaxis. [Pet. Schenk^ 1. e] 

Violent epistaxis. [Heuermann, I. e] 

Necrosis of the bone of the upper jaw. [Michaelis, in HufeL 
Jour. xxviii, 4, p, 57.] 

Spasmodic movement of the lips. [LouvRiER,tt in Annakn der 
Heilkunde^ 18 io, December, pp. 1123, 11 26.] 

The tendons of the masseter muscles are afFected, and, owing to 
their soreness, render the opening of the mouth painful. [Heuer- 
mann, 1. e] 

20. The gums are swollen and bleed on the slightest touch. [Heuer- 
mann, 1. e] 

Swelling of gums and &uces. [Mise. Nat. C«r.,tt Dee., iii, 
ann. 5, 6.] 

In the nerves of the teeth a violent burning pain. [Heuermann, 

The teeth rìse up, become loose, and fall out. [Heuermann^ 1. e] 

Loose teeth. [Degner, 1. e] 
25. The teeth become black, loose,and at last fall out. [Swedjaur, Le] 

Trembling of the tongue and consequent stammering, which was 
not removable by electricity, [Fourcroy, 1. e] 

• From the internai cmployment of varìous mercurìals in Egypt. 

f From the exteraal employinent of corrosive sublimate in a plaster. 

^ From the use of oxjde of mercury— using at the same time a gargle of walnut 

fi From cinnabar vapour. 

K From varìous mercurial substances, especially calomel. 

% From the internai employment of oxydes and saits of mercury. 
♦• From the vapour of mercury. 
ff From rubbing in mercurìal ointment. 


Swrelling of the tongue. [Schlegel, 1. e] 

StifF, swoUen tongue. [Degner, 1. e] 

Swelling of the tongue, so that there is scarcely room f jr it in the 
mouth. [Engel, Specimina med,^ Berol., 1781, p. 99.] 
30. Swollen, very sensitive tongue, projecting a hand's breadth out of 
the mouth, and as it were pinched betwixt the teeth. [Friese,* in 
Geschichte und Fersuche einer chirurg, Gesellschaft^ Kopenh, 1774.] 

Tongue white furred, swollen, almost immovable, eroded on the 
borders by ulceration. [Heuermann, 1. e] 

Aphthae on the tongue. [Thom. AcREY,t in Lond. Med. Journ,y 

Aphthae in the mouth. [Schlegel, 1. e] 

Many eroding ulcers in the mouth. [Fourcroy, 1. e] 
35. Very painful spreading ulcers in the mouth. [Fourcroy, 1. e] 

The ulcers in the mouth bleed, especially at night. [Heuer- 
mann, 1. e] 

Fcetor of the mouth. [Degner, 1. e] 

Carrìon-like fcetor of the mouth. [Schlegel, 1. e] 

Great fcetor of the mouth. [Jac. Hill, — Foorcroy, 1. e] 
40. The palate bones or the jaw-bones are often destroyed. 
[Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Commencing salivation. [Oettinger,! Diss. Clnnabris exuL 
redux^ Tiibing., 1760, p. 22.] 

Immediately the most profuse salivation. [Jac. Hill, 1. e] 

Salivation. [Wedel,§ Amcenit, Mot. Med.^ p. 153.] 

Profuse salivation. [Schlegel, 1. e] 
45. Bloody salivation. [Degner, 1. e] 

Hxmorrhage with the salivation. [Heuermann, 1. e] 

The orifìces of the salivary ducts of the parotids are eroded. 
[Heuermann, 1. e] 

The intolerable fcetid saliva erodes the lips and cheeks, even eats 
them away. [Heuermann, 1. e] 

The Eustachian tubes in the fauces are often compressed by 
swelling, hence deafness. [Heuermann, 1. e] 
50. Fauces inflamed, so that she can scarcely swallow. [Degner, 1. e] 

Burning pain in the fauces^ as from live coals. [Degner, 1. e] 

Trembling of the pharynx and oesophagus ; he only swallowed 
spasmodically, often with danger of sufFocation. [Fourcroy, I. e] 

Wantof appetite. [Huber,|| in Nov, Ada Nat, C«r., iii, Obs. 100.] 

Inclination to vomit. [Mise, Nat. Cur,^ 1. e] 
55. Vomiting with convulsive movements. [Hoffmann, in Baldini 
ger^s Magaz.^ p. 963.] 

Prsecordial anxiety. [Mise. Nat. Cur.^ 1. e] 

Great distension of the abdomen. [RiveriuSjIT Obs. Med.^ p. 92.] 

Horrible pinching in the abdomen. [Jac. Hill, 1. e] 

* From nibbine in much mercurìal ointment. 

Internaliy calomel, extemally rubbing in of mercurìal ointment. 

From the internai use of artificial cinnabar. 

From the internai use of minerai cinnabar. 
1 From the internai employment of solution of corrosive sublimate for several weeJcs. 
f From rubbing in mercurìal ointment. 


Intolerable shooting pain in the abdomen. [Afise, Nat, C«r.,l. e] 
60. Liver diseases. [Lar<ieyì 1. e] 

Complete jaiindice. [J. Cheyne, in Dublin Hospital Reptrts ani 
Communications in Medicine and Surgèry, Dùblin, 18 16, voi. i.] 

Dangerous diarrhceas. [Heuermann^ 1. e] 

Green stools. [Michaelis, in HufeL Joum,^ vi, pp. 22, 24.^^ 

Stools passed inrith buriìing and smàrtirìg in the anùs. [Firn 
Plater, Òbs, I.] 
65. Frequent stools with the smeli of the fcetor of the inotith. 
[Degner, 1. e] 

Constant tenesmus, with very frequent discharge of blood by 
stool. [Aftsc, Nat, Cur., 1. e] 

The urine passes onljr bjr drops, with scalding. [Fel. PIater,* 
Obs. I, Basii, 16 14.] 

When urinating, scalding acrìdity. [Plater, I. e] 

Enormous flow of urine (diabetes) with extrenie emaeiatibn. 
[ScHUCHTiNG, in Jcta Nat, Cur,^ viii.] 

70. Inflammation of the orifice of the urethra. [Hufeh J9urn,^\ 
xxvi, 4.] 

Urethral blennorrhcea. [Hufel. Joum,^ 1. e] 

Constant hoarseness. [Fourcroy, 1. e] 

Cough. [Jac. Hill, 1. e] 

Haemoptysis. [Swedjaur, l e] 
75. Violent haemoptysis. [A. Gottl. RiCHTEit^ Chirurg, BMot^ 
vi, p. 277.] 

Violent oppression in the chest and about the heart. [Heuer- 
mann, 1. e] 

Great tightness of the chest, recurring in fits ; on account of the 
fear of sufFocation he can neither walk nor stoop. [FourcròYj 1. e] 

SufFocation. [Riverius, 1. e] 

Trembling. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 
80. The most violent trembling, at first of the hands^ then of the 
whole body. [Fourcroyj 1. e] 

Attacks of spasmodic contraction of the àrms àrid legs. [RlVERiùs, 
1. ci 

Locai or general tetanus. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

First flying, then fixed, extremely penetrating pains in thfc loins 
and knees, then also in the rest of the limbs. [Huber, Ì. c] 

The most violent pains in the muscles, tendons or joints, èimilar 
to rheumatic or arthritic pains. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 
85. Easy frangibility of the bones, after previous rhi^uhiatic pains. 
[Fourcroy, 1, e] 

Eroding ulcers. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Spotigy looking, bluish ulcersj which bleéd easily. [SWèdjaur,1. c] 

Ulcers, extremely painful at thè slightest touch, which excrete an 
acrid corrosive ichor, rapidly increase in size and form irregular 
elevations and dcpressions, as if eaten out by insects, with irregular 

• From crude mercury trituratcd with licorice powder. 
t From the internai use of corrosive sublimate. 
X From corrosive sublimate internai ly. 


rapid pulse; the patient loses sleep, cannot rest, breaks out into 
profuse perspiration at night ; the least thing irritates him and makes 
him impatient. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

A sort of miliary eruption on the skin^ somewhat resembling 
measles, accompanied by burning and itching. [Bell,* On Malignant 
Gonorrhcea and Venereal Disease^ Leipzig, 1794, ii, p. 236.] 
90. Ali the skin^ especially on the chest, thighs, and lower parts 
of the back, covered with miliary rash. [Engel, 1. e] 

Spots ali over the body, resembling scorbutus^ and between them 
itch-like eruption, tetters and boils. [Huber, 1. e] 

The epidermis desquamates, particularly in the hands and feet. 
[Heuermann, 1. e] 

Erysipelas. [CLARE.f] 

Thickening of the periosteum. [J. HunteR, Treatise on Venereal 
Dtseasiy p. 632.] 
95. Swelling of the bones. [LouvRIèr, 1. e] 

Caries of the bones and abscésses in the joints. [Bethke, Schlag- 
^ussj p. 406.] 

Extreme emaciation. [FoUrcroy, 1. e] 

Desiccation of the whole body. [Richter, 1. e. — Louis m Pibracj 
Memoires de VAcad. royale de Chirurgie^ t. iv.] 

General emaciatiòh and prostration of strength. [Swedjaur, l.c] 
100. Extreme sensitiveness to electricity. [Hunter, 1. e] 

General immobility ; à kind of cataleptic state. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Paralysis of various limbs. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Apoplexy. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Syncopes. [Swedjaur,J 1. e] 
105. Internai repeated syncopes. [Mise, Nat» Cur.^ 1. e] 

Loss of strength. [Huber, 1. e] 

Continued sleeplessness. [Degner, 1. e] 

First quick, intermittent, strong pulse, then trembling weak 
pUkè. [Jac. Hill, 1. e] 

Fever ; general irritability of the nervous system. [Swedjaur, 

110. ¥i 

cver, with very painful locai inflammations, ending in gangrene. 
[Swedjaur, 1. e] 

Slow fcver. [Swedjaur, 1. e] 

SloW fever, with perceptible emaciation of the body.§ [Richter, 
1. c.J 

flectic fever. [Richter, 1. c, i, x, p. 40.] 

Acute, putrid fever. [Heuermann, L c] 
115. Exhausting perspirations. [Wedel, 1. e] 

Very oppressed respiration, great dislike to fluids, then a kind of 
mania, m which he tried to tear to pieces everything he could lay 
hands on.|| [Remaris o/the P'rench translator ofCullen's First Lines.] 

* From rubbing in tnercurìal ointtnent. 

t From esternai employment of mercurial ointment. 

From mercurial vapour. 

Removed by seltzer water and milk. 

Nìne days after inunction of mercurial ointment for supposed typhilis in a 
young man. 



(The unctuous substance contained in the hairy bag situateti behtnd the navel of 
the musk. deer (MojcAuj moschiferus)^ inhabiting the mountainous paits of Asia, ts 
drìed to the green ish musk of commerce.) 

The followine symptoms, which !t would be desirable to see increased 
to greater completeness, give us some indications of a very powerfiil 
substance with qualities not met with in any other drug. 

Hitherto only a very empirìcal use has been maae of musk, and 
especially in these latter times it has been so universally abused by 
being given in large expensive doses to dying persons, that it has been 
universally ridìculed by the public. 

If we knew the exact kinds of convulsions that musk is capable 
of producing, which, however, bave been only indicated by this one word 
by medicai authors, according to their usuai custom, we might deter- 
mine the cases of some convulsive afièctions of children in which this 
drug might be homceopathically serviceable. 

That it is a usefiil remedy m various kinds of tetanus we leam fìrom 
the very precise experiences of Lentin, Zanetti, Morgenstern, 
RòBOL and others. In these cases musk acts homceopathically as we 
can see from its peculiar symptoms. 

We shall learn great curative powers from it in the tense, 
tonic spasmodic conditions of most hypochondrìacal persons, provided 
we do not use it in the large doses hitherto employed^ but in the smallest 
highly potentized doses, at ali events as a homceopathic intermediate 

For this purpose a grain of good musk is triturated with three times 
100 grains of milk sugar for three hours up to the million-fold powder 
attenuation, and the solution of one grain of this in loo drops of diluted 
alcohol, after two succussions, is further brought through 25 dilution 
phials (each filled to two thirds, by 100 drops of alcohol) up to the 
decillion-fold potency (according'to the directions in the second part of 
the Chronic Diseases). A small globule moistened with this is the appro- 
priate homceopathic dose. 

Its power of exciting the sexual function is primary action, and it 
produces the opposite condì tion in its secondary action \ so that persons 
who carry musk about them, in order to make them smeli pleasantly, 
weaken themselves by the continuai influence of this powerful perfume 
on the nerves, and cause a number of nervous excitations. 

The smeli of musk communicated to clothes and vessels, remains 

^ From voi. t> 3rd edit., 1830. 


for ever so many years, and is hardly to be got rìd of by the aid of beat, 
wherefore such things ought to be carefully removed from patients 
afiècted by chronic disease. 

SHahnemann was aided in this proving by Cross, Friedrich Hahnemann^ 
Symptoms are derìved from the following authorìties : 
Bartholin» Th.) Epijt, Med,, Cent. ii. 
BoECLER, AàioL ad Hirrmtaaà Cynos, Mai. Med» 
BoerhaavE) Di Moro, Nerv. 
BoYLB, RoB.y Di Insigni Effl. iffic, 
Cartheuser, Fundam, Mai, Mid. 
Cranz, H. J. N., Mai. Mid,^ i. 
Crell, Lor., in Baldh^ir^s Magaz,, vii. 
CuLLEN, Mat. Mid,, ii. 
FuLLBRy Fharm, Extimp. 
Hemann» J. a., Mid. Aufsàtu, Berlin, 1778. 
HoFFMANN, Fr., Mid, Rat, Syst,^ iii. 
LoBSEKEy Mat, Mid, 
Mead, Momta nud, 

Medicus, F. C, Samml, v, Biobackt, a. d, Arm,^ ii. 
Mercurialis, H., Di Compos, Mid,, i, 
MoRGENSTERN, in No^a Acta Nat, Cur,, iv, 1770. 
Prlargus, Obs,j ii. 
PiDERiT, PAarm, Rat, 
Reil, Erkinntniss u, Kur d, Fiib,, ir, 
RiEDLiN, Lin, Mid, 

ROLFINCK, Efist, Mith, Cogn, it Curand, m., Cap, di Cap, doL 
Sanctorius, Commini, in Artim, Mid, Gal, 
ScHROECK, LucAS, Hist, MosM, ' Aug. Vindel., 1682. 
Sennert, Mid,pr,, lib. iv. 

Sylvius, Jac, Mith, Midk, Camp* it Simpl, i, Cap, di AtamaUbus, 
TraLLES, B. L.y Di MosM iaudibus it abusu ìimitandis in nudila morborum, 
Vratìsl., 1783. 
VoGEL, Hist, Mat, Mid, 
Wall, in Philosopk, 7ransact,, No. 474. 
Wbdel, G. W., Amoin, Mat, Mid, 

WBICKHARD9 Mid, Pract, Handbuch, Heilbronn und Rothenb., 17989 1799. 
Whytt, Rob., H^orks, 
The ist edit. has 39 symptoms, the and and 3rd 151.] 


Vertigo. [Cartheuser, Fundam. Mat. Med,^ p. 380.^] 

He has a feeling in the head like vertigo."^ [Gxx.] 

On the slightest movement of the head, giddy swaying before the 

eyes, as if something moved rapidly up and down (immediately, merely 

from smelling).t \otf^ 

Whirling in the forehead and before the eyes, worse on stooping 

(aft. \ h.). [5//] 

* From two grains in powder. 

f From two grains rubbed up with sugar and water, given In three doses in two 

^ Observation. 


5. Vertigo with nausea^ so that he must Ite down ; at thè time 
timc longing for black cofibe (aft. 30 h.). [fr. M — »/] 

Stupefaction of the brain, [B. L. TralLes, De Mmchi làH£hs 
€t abusu Umitandis in nudela morborum^ Vratisl. 1 783-8.^] 

Stupefying, compressive headache on a small spot, just abovc the 
root of the nose (aft. i h.). 

He feels sometimes as if his senses would letre him, ^A getieifal 
stupefying pressure on the braih, like a compression. [Gix.j 

Confusion of the head, with stupefying pressure on the brain. 

IO. Confusion of the head ; its upper part Seems to hiih strfctched^ 
but painless. \_Gss.] 

Confusion of the head. [H. J. N. Cranz, Mat, Med.y i, p. 252.*] 

Confusion of the head as from intoxication. [Tralles, 1. Ct] 

Headache. [Cartheuser, 1. e. — Lucas SchròcKj Hist* Af9Schij 
Aug. Vindel., 1682.* — Rolfinck, Epist. Meth. cogn. et Curand. «, 
Cap. de Gap. dol.^'] 

Violent headache. [Rob. Boyle, De Insigni Effl. effic. Cap. 6*.] 
15. Durine strong movement of the head, e.g. on going up stairSj a 
painful feeling therein (aft. 4 h.). [S//*.] 

Heaviness in the head. [Tralles, 1. e. — -Fr. H — «.] 

Heavy feeling in the head (aft. \ h.). \Stf.'\ 

Her whole head is painful ; she has drawing bere and there, 
extending to the nape, where it is tensive ; better in the open air, 
much worse in the room (aft. i h.). [5//*.] 

Painful drawing in the head, ftom the occiput into the ears and 
from the ears to the teeth, more in the right side (aft. 3.). \Stf^ 
20. In the tempie^ slight quick drawing. [Gjj.I 

Spasmodic drawing through the whole head. \Gìì^ 

Transient drawing aching in the right tempie. [Gw.] 

On the head and upper part of the forehead general pressure. 

Just above the supra-orbital ridge, as if a blunt body were there 
pressed into the brain. [Gw.] 
25. On the left eyebrow, stupefying pressure. [Gjj.] 

The blood mounts to the head. [Sanctorius, Comment. in Artem 
Med. Gal.y § 71.*] 

In the forehead, slight shooting. [St/,"] 

Itching bere and tkere on the hairy scalp, going off after scratching. 

A smartln^ in the eyes, as from smoke, with lachrymation 
(immediately from the smeli). [St/.] 
30. Itching in the eyes, so that she must rub theftì (aft. ^ h.). [St/.] 

l^imness before the eyes. [St/,] 

Heat in the foce with dimness before the eyes. [St/.] 

Transient pressure on the zygomatic arch, fre^iuently rtscurrìiig. 

^ Observations. 

' General statement. 

' Statements and observations. 

^ Obsenration of efTect of odour. 


On the'right zygoma traiisient, cooling buming (aft. 28 h,). [Gss.'] 

35; Sudden, transient rushing in the ear, as front thè fluttering wing 

of a large bird, now in the right, now in the left ear (aft. 60 h.), 

Epistaxis. [ScHROECK^ I. e. — BoECLER, Mttoti ad Herrmanni 
CfHos.Àfat. Med.j p. 10.^] 

Instantaneous epistaxis, from the smelli [H. Mercurialis^ De 
Còmpos. Med,^ i, Gap. 15.^] 

Sensation on the tip of the nose^ as froiti the crawling of an 
insect, which he often tries to wipe aWaj ineiFectually^ iititil it goes 
off èpontaneously (aft. 28 h.). [G^j.] 

Éverything tastes alike ; milk has no taste; [Stfì\ 
40. Repeated, strong, audible eructation of air. [Gjj.] 

Eructation of air^ cotnbined with rising of à tastele^s] fluid into 
the mouth. \Gsi.'\ 

Scraping sensation up the oesophagus, like heartburhj with some 
nausea as in water-brash. [Gss,"] 

Nausea seemed to rise ik^ from the scrobiculiiè cordi^, during which 
the navel was retracted, with Cramp-likè sensation. [fr. H — ».] 

On account of nausea and headache, she ttiiist go to bed òn two 
afternoohs. [/r. i/— «.] 
45. Nausea by fits, for six successive days. [/r. H-^n-^ 

Sickness, morning (aft. 22 h.) and eVening (aft. 9 h.). \Stf,'\ 

Vomiting. [MoRGENSTBRtii ili Nova Atta Nat. Cuti^ iv, i;f70.^] 

It feèls too tight aboUt hi§ scròbiculus toi-dls^ With siharting 
burning feeling of soreness^ evfety day after dinnér, fbir thrèè ^Ucces« 
«ive days. [Fr. H—n.] 

Stomachache. [Morgenstern, 1. e] 
50. Feeling of fulness in the gastric region^ increased by even 
moderate eating (aft. 3 h.). [St/.'] 

Some pressure on the left side neai- the scròbiculus cordis. [Gjj.] 

Ih and above the scrobicUlùs cordis (in the chést) paih, parti- 
cularly on inspiration, combined with anxiety in the chest (aft. 6 h.). 

Tensive aching in the gastric region with Some painfuliless of the 
abdomen ; the tensive aching extended after half an hour to the whole 
of the abdomen (aft. ij h.). [St/.] 

In the right side, under the short ribs, fine, sharp, transient 
stitcheSj almost like fine pinching, com^ielling him tò rub. [Gss,'] 
SS' Itching prick in the right side of the abdotlien under the short 
ribs y the itching continues after the i^rìck has gone and compels him 
to rub. [Gss.'] 

Single violent stitches in the umbilical region, deep in, especially 
when inspiring (aft. J h.) . [St/.'] 

Clutching together by jerks above the navel, that takes away his 
breath. [St/.] 

1 General statement. 
' Obserration of efFcct of inhalation. 

* Ali the symptoms referred to this author (wrongly givén is ** Mòrgénbésser **) 
are such as he has seen cured by Moschus (p. 259). 


Pain in the umbilical region. [Morgensterk, 1. e] 

In the right side of the abdomen, below the navel, simple pain. 
60. She feels too tight in the abdomen, without pain, with anxietj, 
so that she cannot do any work nor remain in one place, but must 
run about ; she ran to several of her acquaintances^ but remained 
with none above a few minutes (immediately). [/r. H — «.] 

Loud nimbling without cessation in the abdomen, without flatu- 
lent sufièrìngs ; it ceases after a meal, and even while eating. [Ga] 

Diarrhcea. [Morgbnstbrn, I. e] 

He has urging to evacuation of flatus and stool ; the stool is 
naturai ; before but not with the latter, a little flatus is expelled. 

Constipation for several days. [/r. H — «.] 
65. Formication at the oriflce of the rectum, which goes oflF on 
rubbing. [Gxx.] 

Its seems to excite the sexual desire. [Gxx.] 

Excitation of the sexual desire. [Vogbl, Hist. Mat. Med,^ p. 
356.^ — PiDERiT, Pharm. Rat.^ p. 268.'] 

Exalted sexual power in a weak old man. [Weickhard,^ Mei» 
Pract. Handbuchy Heiibronn und Rothenb., 1798, 1799.*] 

Promotes the menses. [Schroeck, 1. e] 
70. Occurrence of the menses from the mere smeli. [Vogel, 1. e— 
Th. Barthoun, Epist. Med.y Cent, ii, p. 87.*] 

A drawing and forcing towarcUi the genitals ; feeling 
as if the menses were coming on (aft. 9, 22 h.). ^Stf.] 

The menses came six days too soon, and very profusely (aft. 5 d.). 


Violent sneezing. [Gss,'\ 

The nose which was previously stopped up with coryza becomes 
suddenly free after copious discharge by blowing it. [dx.] 
75. In the larynx a sensation like sulphur vapour, with constriction 
of the windpipe from the smeli (immediately). [5//.] 

During inspiration, which is quite free, he has aìlmost the sensa- 
tion as if he had previously inhaled sulphur vapour. [GssJ] 

In the upper part of the larynx a sudden feeling as if his breath 
wouid be stopped, almost like what occurs when sulphur vapour has 
been inhaled. [GssJ\ 

SufFocating constriction of the chest. [Fr. Hoffmann, Med, Rat, 
Syst.y iii, p. 92.**] 

* 66, 67, 68 merely prìmaiy effects. 

* Observadons. 

* General statement (p. 266}. 

* Obsenration. — ^The symptom shouid be, "A «mail and retracted penis in an 
octogenarìan suddenly attains its fornier size/* 

^ Observation of enect of odour. 

* General statement of effects of odour of " suaveolentia,"" 

MÒSCHtJS. 205 

Tightness of breath ; she must brcath deeply. [St/J] 
80. Compression of the chest J [Tralles, 1. e] 

In the left side, under the short ribs, tightness on breathing 
deejJv. [Gss,] 

Fulness in the chest. [Tralles, I. e] 
In the side, at the short ribs, itching pinching. [Gjx.] 
In the left side, under the short ribs, intermittent obtuse stitches. 
85. In the left half of the chest obtuse, intermittent stitches (aft. 28 
h.). IGss.] 

In the left side^ above the coccyx, in the sacrum, painful pressure, 
as with a blunt instrument. [Gss.] 

Violent drawing in the back ; she feels as if tightly bound there, 
as before the menses. [St/."] 

On the left, near the spine in the middle of the trunk, inter- 
mittent, obtuse stitches. [Gss.] 

Drawing pressure in a muscle of the nape. [Gss.] 
90. In the evening, after lying down in bed, there came a drawing 
and shooting in the left forearm, from the wrist to the elbow-joint, 
which prevented her going to sleep ; she must put it out of bed ai>d 
move it up and down, in order to allay the pain, for half an hour (aft. 
6 h^. [5//.] 

Squeezine pressure on the under side of the left forearm, near the 
elbow. [Gss.j 

Paraiytic drawing in the rìght forearm, just above the wrist. 

Cramp-like drawing in the hands and fingers, as if cramp 
(tetanus) would come there. [Gss.] 

In the left band semi-obtuse shooting. [Gss.] 
95. Paraiytic drawing in the left thumb, as if cramp would come 
diere. [òss,] 

In the left thumb paraiytic twitching. [Gss.] 
A kind of chilling burning in the distai joint of the right 
index. [Gss.] 

In the distai phalanx of the left index an inward, simple pain ; 
the finger trembles from it (immediately). [Gss.] 

On the inner side of the left thigh paraiytic twitching. [^^^0 
ICO. On the inner side of the left thigh sudden aching. [Sss.j 

Squeezing, obtuse pressure in the flesh of the rìght thigh on its 
posterìor aspect, more towards the outer side. [Gss.] 

Itching prìcking, compelling rubbing^ on the anterìor side of the 
thigh. [Gss.] 

Above the rìght knee sharp pinching. [Gss.] 
On the outer side of the left thigh, not far from the knee, simple 
aching with feeling of weakness. [Gss.] 
105. On the left tibia sudden feeling of coldness. [Gss.] 

On the outer side of the left tibia, towards the calf, sharp itching, 
which is rcmoved by rubbing. [Gss.] 

» With the " fulness '* of S. 8a. 


A paralTtic pain (painful powerlessness) (^t^nds do^mwards 
through the left 1^, as if ìt wQuld becooie stiff, when sitting. [Gss] 

Restlessness in Uie lefc leg, so that he must now draw it up, now 
extend it — a paralytic (stifF) feeling, that compels him to inpv« tbe 
leg in order to obtain momentary ease. [Gxx.] 

When sitting he must constanti^ move the lower (sxtremities, 
otherwise they fm quite weak, and he has a restlessne^s in tbem, as 
after a long walk. [Gss,"] 
Ita If, when sitting, he holds the 1^ stili, they threaten to go to 
sleep, a humming sensadon. [^Gss,] 

If, when sitting, he draws his feet back, he feels in tbe legs, some- 
what also in the thighs, a whirrìng (tingling) sensation, as if they 
were fatigued by a long journey, or as if they would go to sleep. 

In the right little toe a squeezmg, as if some one had trod on it 

Buming aching in the tips of the tc£s of the right foot. [Gss,] 

Prickiing in adi the musdes. [J. A. Hemann, Aleii, Ak/sàtzfy 
Beriin, 1778.*] 
115. Itching pinching and fine needle-prìcks on various parts of the 
body, which compel rubbing. [Gss.'] 

(In venereal tetters, which generally kept quiet, a violent, 
intolerable bumine.) [Fr. U—tiJ] 

Hxmorrhagcs J [Piderit, 1. e] 

Bniised pain in the whole body. [St/J] 

He knows not what ails him, but there comes on sometimes a 
)dnd of discomfort, a slight faintness, which immediately passes off 
again. [Gss."] 
lao. Tetanus. [F. C Medicus, SammJ. v. Beobacht. a. ìL Arxn.^ ii, 
pp. 605 — 618.^] 

Convulsions. [Fr. Hoffmasn, — Morgenstern, 1. e] 

The most violent oonvulsions in women and men. [Boerhaave, 
Di Al9rh, Xerv.^ p. 744.*] 

Hj'stcrical suffèrings. [Schroeck, 1. e. — Sennert, Mtd. pr.y 
lib. 4,^ p. las* — G. W. Wedel, Amoen. Mai. Med.^ p. I98.* — ^Jac. 

Sylvius, Mith. Mid. Cmp. et SiwtpLy i, Cap. de AnimalibusJ\ 
{jjrpochondriacs are arccted by it. [Wedel, 1. e] 
125. Hysterìcal afiecdons, even in males.^ [Riedlin,^ Lin, Med^ p. 


* Musk wis combincd with imbn. 

^ Not acctssible. 

^ The originai ìs, " Sanguìnis profluTÌa pclUt.^* 

* Obserration. — The originai simply has '* stìffness of the body,** and the symptom 
occurred in a manìac. 

^ General statement as to effects of odour. — Boerhaave says, '< hjrpochondriacal 

' Obsenration of effects of odour. 

* Statement as to effects of *< suaveolentia, moschata» et voladlia '* seneraily. 

y Obsenration of effects of odour. — Ali these observers add to ** nysterical aftc- 
tions '' — " in persons subject to thcm." 

* Should be — ** even in a man :'* 1./. the subject of the obsenration. 


Syncopes. [Fa. Hoffmann. — Carthbusei^,1.c. — Meap, Monita 
Mid,, p. 123? — Pelargus,* Oìj., ii, p, 49^.^ — Fuj.ler, Pharm, 
Extemp.y p. 302.*] 

Syncope, followed by headache. [Schrobck:, I. e] 

When walking he aoes not feel any weakness, but wh^n he sits 
down he immediately feels paralytic weakness in the Ipees, as from 
great loss of power and exhaustion. [Gs5j\ 

Somnolence (coma). [Tralles, 1. e.] 
130. Sleep. [CuLLEN, Mai. Med.^ ii, p. 644>] 

Restless night ; he dreams incessantly, dreams full of eiFort and 
exertion ; he could not lie lope in one place, for ^be part on which 
he lay pained as if dislocated or broken (aft. 24 h.). \Gss^ 

Night filli of vivid, defàmatory dreams, in which everything goes 
wrong, and which make him very angry (aft. 48 h.). [Gw.] 

He felt as if a cool wind suddenly blew on him» especially on the 
uncovered parts, particularly the hands. [Gjx.] 

When he went out' into the open, not cold, air it felt cold to 
him^ and he sought the beat of the stove (aft. i^ h.). [di.] 
135. Slight shuddering on the hairy scalp, which spread in a less 
degree over the whole body (immediately). [Gw.] 

Whilst bis hands seemed to be of the naturai beat the left felt 
warm, the right cold j to the face both felt cool (aft. 2 h.). [Gjj.] 

Pulse fuller, but from 4 to 5 beats slower (aft. \ h.). [LoR. 
Crell, in Baldinger*s Magaz.^ vii st., p. 656.^] 

The pulse is less full and much quicker, accelerated from 72 to 
88 beats (aft. 6 h.). [Gjx.] 

No thirst either during the shivering or afterwards. [Css."] 
140. After the shivering comfortable feeling of naturai warmth through 
the whole body (aft. io m.). [Gjx.] 

After the naturai agreeable feeling of warmth a slight shiver again 
spreads from the head down through the body (aft. 15 m.). [Gw.J 

Very much increased beat of the whole body, with copious per- 
spiration and increased liveliness (immediately). [^//T] 

Heat. [ScHROECK, 1. e. — Loeseke, Mat. med,^ p. 529.^ — Rob. 
Whytt, ìVorksy p. 504.7] 

Increases to the extremest degree the movement of the blood.* 

[PiDERIT, 1. e] 

145. When she got to bed (9 p.m.) burning heat on the whole body 
(the right side seemed the hotter), with dry feeling and scraping in 
throat and mouth and moderate thirst ; bed was intolerable to her, 

* Musk in a pessary. 

* Observatlon. 

' Not accesslble. 

' Generai statement of efFects of odour. 

* Effects of large doses. 

• Not found. (The volume specìfìed has only 511 pages.) 

• Generai statement. 
' Statement. 

" The only statement answering to this in the originai is that, in disease, musk 
* 'morbi materìes, prcsertim exantnemata) versus corporìs pcripheram ducit.** 


she must He uncovered ; at the same rime shooting (?) pam in the 
forehead, giddy befbre the eyes, bniised ali over the body, sleepless, 
restless ; she tossed about, felt a jerking clutching together above 
the navel, and a forcing down to the genitak, witfa extreme cross- 
nets ; the attack lasted an hour (aft. 9 h.). IStfJ] 

Every momine slight perspiration. 

Perspiration. [Piderit, — CuixfiN, 1. e] 

Slight transpiration. [Wall, in PhiUtoph. Trans.y No. 474.^] 

Sweat without beat. [Reil, Erkenntmss und Kur d. Fieb,^ iv, p. 

150. Palpi 

dtatìon of the heart, as from anxious expectadon (aft 

Great anxiety. [Fr. Hoffmann, — Cartheuser, 1. e, p. 380.] 
Cross (the first hours). [5//".] 

' In the orìeinaly '* a unìrereal breathing 
' Not found. 


(Muriatic acid,) 

(It should be carefuily freed from the sulphurìc acid often mixed wìth it, by means 
of re-distillation over chloride of sodium, or (bcttcr) ìt may be precipitated by 
muriate of baryta, and, after being thus freed from the sulphurìc acid, re-distiiled.) 

For medicinal useone drop of ic is first diluted by means of two suc- 
cussions with loo drops of diluted alcohol (made of equal parts of 
distilled water and strong alcohol shaken together ten times)^ and of 
this one drop is to be twice succussed (with two strokes of the arm) with 
lOO drops of undiluted alcohol d 6Òoo ^^)> *"^ ^^en of this one drop is to 
be again twice shaken with lOO drops of alcohol (-f). One globule the 
size of a poppy seed, moistened with this million-fold dilution, is given 
for a homceopathic dose. This represents the smallest portion of a 
drop, for with one drop 200 such globules are sufficiently moistened. 
Yet this million-fold dilution, although administered in such a small 
volume, will be found in many cases to be stili too powerful when 
muriatic acid is homoeopathically indicated, because this medicine 
possesses a high degree of efficacy. 

Although a tolerably homceopathic employment in suitable morbid 
States can be made from the following observed alterations in the 
healthy, yet it would be desirable to possess a more complete proving 
of it as to its pure efFects. 

[Hahnemann's fellow-provcrs werc Gutmann, Hartmann, Haynel, Lang- 


Symptoms were obtained from the following old-school authorìties : 

Crawford, in Samnd,f,prakt, Aerzte^ xv, 3. 

Du Mesnil, in Sachse, HufeL Joum.^ xxviii, vi. 

Hufelaints Journal, xviii, iii. 

Humboldt, Ueber die Reizbarkeit der Fajer, 

Letocha, in HufeL Joum., xviii, iii. 

Ramazzini, De Morbis Artificum. 

Samml. f, pràkt, Aencte, xv, 3. 

ScHAEKEL (reference not given). 

ScHMiDTMuLLER, in HonCs Arckì'Vy ix. 

Theiner, in Arauden der Heilkunjt, 181 1, Aprii. 

Westrumb, in Sac/tje, HufeL Joum.y xxviii, vi. 

The ist edit. has 274 symptoms, this ind edit. only 5 more.] 


Whirling in the open air and unsteady in walking 

(aft. 1 i h.). [G«.] 

* From voi. v, and edit., 18*6. 
VCL. II. 14 


Whirting in the head, more so in the room than in the open air, 
n ith dimness befixe the eres. [Stf,] 

Hc^ixht in the forchcad and occiput, which, especially that in 
the forehead b aggravatcd bjr sitting up in bed. 

Tearing pain in the forehead. 
5. Pressire pain from within outwards in the forehead and temples 
(afr. a few m.). [/Fx.] 

A pressÌTe stupefyii^ pain in the forehead in every posidon of 
the body, which went off by touching (aft. i^ h.). [Lr.^ 

Stupid in the head, in the forehead, [Stf,'] 

Long, frrquently recurring stitches fìrom both frontal protuber- 
ances towards the middle of the forehead (aft. 7 h.]. [i/Zn.] 

Headache like a borìng in several places in the vertex, fìrom the 
bones of the skull into the brain (aft. io h.). [ff^sj] 
IO. Long tearing prcssii^ pain dardng by shocks into the forehead 
towards the rìght orbit (aft. 5^ h.}. [///».] 

Aching pain in the left tempie (aft. 4^ h.). [_Gn.] 

Aching pain ftom the middle of the brain out towards the left 
side of the forehead (aft. 6 h.). [Gn.] 

Aching pain in the ftont of the brain, increased by moving the 
eycs (aft. 3 d.). [Gn,"] 

Tensive pressive pain spreading ftom the occipital bone forwards 
through the brain and ending in the forehead (aft. 2} h.). [Gn.'] 

15. Jerkìng beatmfi[ teamig pain firom the left haif 01 A^ 
occiput to the forehead ; soon foUowed by a Bimilar pain 
in tte right half (aft. 7 h.) . [///».] 

Heaviness in the occiput, as if it drew ber head badcwards, or as 
if the anterior cervical muscles had lost their firmness (aft. i j h.). 

Heavy feeling in the occiput, with drawing stitches 
there, more on the right side, dose to the nape, witii 
swelling of a gland in the nape, which is painnQ when 
touched; at the same timo heaviness and yertìgo in the 
head, with dimness of the eyes as when intoxicated 

(when sitting) (aft. J h.). [Htn.] 

Sensation in the integuments of the head and forehead, as when 
the hair stands on end after a fright (aft. 5, 7 h.). [Gn.] 

Burning pain on the hairy s(^p above the left tempie (aft. 7èh.) 

20. Tensive sensation in the right tempie (aft. 7J h.). [GnJ\ 

Pressive stupefying pain in the forehead, in ali positions (aft. i h.). 


(Headache in the top of the head and in the temples, sometimes 

also in the occiput and forehead, as if the brain were lacerated and 

crushed, as in typhus or putrid fever.) (aft. 4 h.) 

When yawning, a stitch-like tearing on the right tempie, which 

went off by touching and when walking (when standing) (aft. i h.). 

Shooting in the forehead extending into the tempie, increased 
by stooping forwards and by pressing on it. [5//.] 


25. In the middle of the forehead two small pimples which suppurate 
without itching or pains (aft. 11 h.). [Lr.] 

Eruption of pimples on the forehead which in the course of a day 
and night coalesce so as to form a scab.'^ [Schmidtmuller,^ in 
Horn*s ArchiVy ix, 11.] 

Suppurating pimple on the le'ft tempie without sensation in it 
when touched or let alone (aft. 9. h.). \Lr^ 

Burning aching pain above the left eye, externally (aft. 2\ h.) 

Contracted pupils (aft. f, i|, 2, 2| h.). [£r.] 
30. Dilated pupils (aft. 11 h.). [Lr.] 

Very dilated pupils (aft. 15 h.). [Lr.] 

Pupils sometimes more, sometimes fess dilated, sometimes con- 
tracted, in periods of four or live hours. [Lr.] 

From the left occipital protuberance a painless tug into the left 
eye, which causes a quivering in the upper eyelid (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.] 

Swelling of the upper and lower eyelid, with redness, but without 
pain (aft. 7 h.). [Gn.] 
35. Cutting pain in the right eyeball, when at rest (aft. 5^ h.). [Gn."] 

In the outer canthus of the left eye an eroding smarting, in the 

Itching prick in the right outer canthus, when at rest. [Gn.'\ 

Twitching through the upper eyelid towards the zygomatic 
process, as if a thread were drawn through (immediately). [Jvs.] 

(Flickering before the eyes and hemiopia ; he sees only the half 
of an object cut oiF perpendicularly from the other half.) 
40. Cramp-pain near the left maxiìlary joint, extending as a shooting 
pain into the interior of the ear when pressed upon (aft. 5 h.). 

Tearing pain in the left upper jaw, as if in the bone, dose undei 
the orbit (aft. 2^ h.). [Htn.] 

Eruption of pimples on the auricle, which in the course of a 
day and a night coalesce to form a scab. [Schmidtmìjllbr, 1. e] 

Fine itching prick in the left ear, which went off by putting the 
finger intoit (aft. 31 h.). [Gn.] 

Twitching pincning deep in the left ear (aft. 4 h.)^ 
deh after freauent recnrrenee became eramp-likei 
almost like earacne. [Htn.] 

45. Drawing achine on the tragus, pressing on it sends the pain into 
die inner ear (aft. oj h.). [Htn.] 

Persistent pinching deep in the right ear, sometimes interrupted 
by severe stitches which extend to behind the auricle, where the part 
ìs painful when pressed (aft. 3 h.). [Htn.] 

Tearing pain in the left ear, like earache (aft. 8J h.). [Htn.] 

Obtuse pressive cutting on the mastoid process ; when touched 
the part is painful as if gathering (aft. 8 h.). [ff^s.] 

Drawing tearing pain behind both ears, which spreads slowly to 

* From drachm*doses of so-called oxygenated murìatic aci() {aqua oxymuriatica). 

' Not accessible. 

iti MtÌRtATICl/M ACiriUM. 

the lower part of the nape and there causes a painful stiffhess ùa 
moving the neck, for twenty minutes (aft. 8^ h.). [///«.] 
50. More acute and delicate hearing.* 

Shooting pain in the nostrils, as if they would become ulcerated 
(aft. 2 h.). 

When walking in the open air glowing red cheeks (aft. 14 h.). 

In the red of the lower lip a pustule. 

Eruption of pimples round about the lips, which in the course of 
a day and a night coalesce to form a scab. [Schmidtmuller, 1. e] 
55. A vesicle on the upper lip dose to the left commissure of the 
mouth, which pains like an ulcer when touched, and causes tensive 
pain when the lips are moved, lasting two days (aft i h.). [Gn.] 

Burning tension in the upper lip, on the right side (aft 7 h.). 

Pressing-asunder pain in the left canine tooth of the lower jaw, 
going off on compressing it with two fingers (aft. J h.). [/ft«.] 

Tingling sensation in the inferior maxilla on its left side, 
which changes ìnto a disagreeable creeping sensation in the left lower 
rowof teeth (aft. 1 h.). [Htn.] 

Cold drink darts painfully into the diseased tooth (aft. 24 h.) 
60. His tongue is too heavy and as if too long ; he felt when he tried 
to speak as if he had lead in the tongue ; and he could only raise it 
with an effort ; at the same time great dryness in the mouth and 
fauces — both lasting five minutes (aft. i h.). [Htn.'] 

The tongue becomes sore and bluish. [Letocha,^ in Hu/el. 
Journ,^ xviii, iii, pp. 45, 46.] 

A pock in the middle of the tongue with burning pain. [Letocha, 
1. e] 

The tongue gets a deep ulcer with black fundus and everted 
borders. [Letocha, 1. e] 

The tongue wastes away. [Letocha, 1. e] 
65. A sharp scraping in the gullet. 

Ravenous appetite, morbid thirst.f [Ramazzini, De Morbis 
Arttficum^ cap. 31.] 

A taste in the mouth at once harsh and putrid, almost like rotten 
eggs, with flow of saliva (aft. 4^ h.). [Zr.] 
Bad taste in the throat, as from rancid fat. 
(Complete loss of appetite for ali food, with proper taste and 
without nausea.) 
70. Constant eructation. 
V orniti ng of food. 

In the region of the stomach he feels qualmish and inclined to 
vomit (aft. in.). [Stf-'] 

* Curative secondaiy action of the organism. 

f In the workmen cmployed in salt manufactones, from the vapour of murìatic 
acid arising from the^ boillng iey. 

^ No Letocha, and nothing about muriatic acid, to be found at thìs reference. (See 
notetoS. 134.) 


Obtuse pain in the stomach and bowels, combined with a 
contractive sensation, for severa! days.* [Crawford, in SammL f. 
prakt, Aerzte^ xv, 3.^] 

Feeling of emptiness in the renon of the stomachi 
especially in the oesophagus, whicn does not go o£f by 
eating. together with rumbling in the bowels (aft. i h.T. 

75. Feeling of emptiness in the abdomen, with grumbling (aft. i h.). 

(Coh'c : pinching when moving and on the discharge of flatus.) 

After a proper stool of naturai appearance^ painful feeling of 
emptiness in the abdomen,.in the morning (the 5th d.). [JWi/.] 

After a very moderate meal, feeling of fulness in the abdomen, 
as if he had eaten too much, with distension of the abdomen. \_Stf!\ 

Loud rumbling in the abdomen, as from emptiness (when sitti ng) 
(aft. 3i h.). [Lr.] 
80. Rumbling and grumbling in the abdomen. \_Stf.'] 

Pain like needle-pricks round about the navel^ persistent (aft. 
24 h.). [G«.] 

Shooting in the left side, under the ribs. [5//*.] 

In the hypogastrium, violent cutting when sitting, walking and 
standing (aft. 4 d.). [//»/.] 

Cutting pain under the navel, through the nfiiddle of the whole 
abdomen (aft. i h.). [///«.] 

85. Violent pinching from the umbilical region towards 
both sidesy with grumbling (aft 4 h.). [if/«.] 

Violent pinching pain in the umbilical region, with a feeling of 
emptiness, which extends to the scrobiculus cordis and oppresses 
there (aft. ij h.). [///«.] 

Aching squeezing imder the left short ribs, imaffected 
either by inspiration or expiration (aft. if h.). [Htn.] 

The distended abdomen has aching pain, and at every step this 
goes through her abdomen. [5//i] 

Squeezing tension under the short ribs, causing him to make 
several deep inspirations, and going off after the discharge of some 
flatus (aft. 2| h.). [///«.] 
90. Disagreeable sensation in the whole abdomen that causes anxiety, 
is alleviated by the discharge of some flatus, and goes oflF entirely 
after a stool (aft. 3 h.). [///«.] 

A violent jerking pinching pain externally on a small spot on the 
left side of the abdomen, more violent at every expiration (aft. 1 1 
h.). IHtn.-] 

Violent cutting pinching from the rectum up to the epigastrium 
(aft. I h.), then urging to stool, which was softer than usuai. \Gn.'] 

When standing or walking a cutting pinching in the abdomen, 
that went oflFwhen sitting (aft. i h.). [Zr.] 

* From taking io drops of oxygenated muriatic acid diluted with water. 

^ Translated from Philosophkal Transactions^ voi. Ixxx, part 2, p. 425, which has 
been compared. 


' Burning stitch in the left groin (aft. ii h.). [_Gn,] 
95. Pain like needle-pricks in the region of the inguinal ring (aft. 3 
d.). [Gn.] 

Pain like needle-prìcks in the lower part of the abdominal integu- 
ment (aft. i^ h.), [G«.] 

Fine pinching in and below the umbilical region, rather in the 
muscles of the abdomen (aft. \ h.). [ff^sJ] 

At the anus a creeping pricking itching, combined with sore pain 
(aft. I h.). 

Burning stitches in the anus. [HnL] 
100. SwoUen haemorrhoidal lumps at the anus (blind piles) with 
burning sore pain. 

SwoUen blue haemorrhoidal lumps at the anus, which pain on 
being pressed. 

A burning voluptuous itching in the perinaeum, dose to the 
anus, which compelled scratching, for a quarter of an hour, in eVcry 
position of the body, and which did not go ofF immediately on 
scratching (aft. 15 h.). [Lr.] 

Faeculent diarrhcea (aft. io h.). 

(Soft stool with cutting and a qualmishness in the abdomen, as 
from a chili -, after a stool he again felt well) (aft. 24 h.). [ff^s.] 
105. After a meal evacuation of a fluid stool. [HnL] 

When urinating there passes unexpectedly a thin watery stool, 
not preceded by urging. [//«/.] 

Frequent cali to make water, and he passes much urine. 

(The urine is passed ftequently and involuntarily.) 

Constant urging to urinate, when little, but always some^ urine 
is discharged, without pain, but with tenesmus after it is passed. 


HO. Fi 

requent micturition with urging* (aft 1} h.). [/^r.] 

Frequent urging to urinate with dischai^e of much 

urine (aft. 3Ì h.). [Lr.] 

An uncommonly copious flow of watery urine. [Stf."] 

With frequent and urgent cali to urinate he passed at least six 
times as much urine as the water he had drunk since morning (aft. 
i h.). [HnL] 

Weakness of the bladder. [Samml,/, prakt. Aerzte^ xv, 3.] 
1 15. He has a cali to urinate and yet no urine is passed \ he must 
wait a while before it Comes (aft. 6 h.). 

The urine is discharged slowly, just as if the bladder had no 
power to expel it (aft. 12 h.). [ff^s!] 

Frequent urging to urinate, with discharge of very little water 
(aft. 72 h. and for several hours thereafter). [Lr,"] 

Strangury : she always felt as if the urine would come away, 
but nothing passes, yet when it comes it is passed without pains. 

* If, 80on after taking the mu natie acid in too lar?e a dose, it seems to excite for 
a short time almost inefFectual urging to urinate, stili there occurs soon after the 
peculiar primary action, copious discharge of urine, the secondary action of which 
(reaction of the organism) is alwavs diminished secretion of urine with fremientur&png 
XQ lU'inatei or, lastl^, relaxation ot the neck of the bladder, or of the bladder itself, 


Immediately after urinating a shooting, smarting pain in the 
orifice of the urethra (aft. 4 h.). [Lr,] 
120. The urine immediately on passing becomes cloudy white lilce milk. 

Cutting quite posteriorly in the urethra when urinating (during 
the stool). 

Violent burning stitch in the posterior part of the penis on the 
right side. [HnL] 

Pain on the border of the prepuce, as if it were chapped and 

Boring tensive pain from the right testicle to the middle of the 
penis (aft. 4J h.). [G«.] 
125. Feeling of weakness in the genitals ; the penis hangs down 
relaxed ; complete absence of erection (aft. 24. h.). [^.] 

He awakes in the morning with a sensation as if a seminai dis- 
charge were coming, with slight stifFness of the penis, during which 
a watery, frothy, inodorous fluid is passed, followed by long-con- 
tinued erection of the penis, with tensive pain. [St/,] 

A forcing in the genitals, as if the menses would come on (aft. 
6 h.). [St/.] 

An itching and tickling in the nose and persistent inclination to 

sneeze.* [Theiner,^ in Annalen der Heilkunst^ 18 ri, Aprii.] 
Along with feeling of coryza troublesome dryness in the nose. 
130. Coryza. \SammLf. pr. Aerzte^X. c!\ 

Uncommon catarrhal hoarseness. [ochmidtmuller, I. ci 
Hoarseness for eight days.f [Du Mesnil, in Sachse^ Hufel. Joum.^ 

xxviii, vi, p. 31.*] 

Hacmoptysis.J [Westrumb, in Sachse^ 1. e.*] 

He breathes deeply and with groaning.§ \_Hu/el, Journ.j xviii,* 

>v, pp. 45i 46.] 
135. Sighing.^ [Hu/eL yourn.y ì. e,"] 

(Severe whooping cough, and after coughing there was audible 
rumbling down the chest.) 

The beat of the heart was so violent during the nocturnal fever 
that he felt it in the face. [HnL] 

Dyspnceic pressure on the chest, in fits. 

Very painful oppression over the chest, especially on the right 
side (aft. 16 h.). [Htn.] 
140. Painful aching in the right side of the chest, which became 
gradually more violent per se, not aflFected by either inspiration or 
expiration (aft. 5 h.). [Htn,] 

* From distant vapours ot muriatic acid, in severa! persons. 
' From inhaling oxygenated muriatic acid. 

From the same substance. 

From the vapour. 

• Not accessible. 

' " Inhaled muriatic acid gas, and was hoarse for eight days.** 

• ** The celebrated Westrumb had hsemoptysis thereafter." 

^ From fiimigations of muriatic acid in typhus patients. — Hahnemann wrongly 
refers this to the third part of the volume : it is in the fourth. (See note to S. 61.^ 

• As previous symptoni. 


Squeezing pressi ve sensation in the chest, but without dyspnoea 
(aft. 4 h.). [///».] 

Pressive squeezing sensation in the right side of the chest, at the 
fourth and fìfth ribs, always aggravated during inspiration (aft i h.). 

In the right side of the chest a drawing senBation, 
which commenced below the nipple, eztended towards 
the throat. became weaker, and then went off (aft. 2} h.). 


Sharp stitches in the left side of the chest, at the lowest true 
ribs, without reference to inspiration or expiration (aft. 4 h,). [ff^s,] 
145. Shooting aching in the right side of the chest, under the nipple, 
gradually growing worse and gradually going off again (aft. 3f h.). 

Violent, severe stitches in the right nipple (aft. 14 h.). IHtnJ] 

Tensive pain on the sternum, which impedcs respiration, as if it 
carne from the stomach ; the part is also painful when touched (aft. 
20 h.). 

Shooting under the sternum, just abovethe scrobiculus cordis. [Stf.] 

Cutting blows in the middle of the inside of tne 
sternum, along with obtuse pressure at the back of the 
thoracic cavity, general o^pression tliereof, and impeded 
respiration, aU day, occasionally (aft. 4 h.). [/Fj.] 

150. On expiration, needle-pricks in the left side of the chest, betwixt 
two true ribs (when sitting), which went off when standing and 
walking and on being touched (aft. J h.), [ir.] 

Tensive twitching stitch from the left false ribs out at the right 
ribs (aft. 3 h.). [Gn,] 

Boring stitch in the right intercostal muscles, continuing when 
not breathing and when inspiring and expirìng (when sitting) (aft. 
8ih.). [Gn.] 

When sitting, on expiration, needle-pricks on the right side of 
the chest, under the true ribs, which went off when touched and 
when walking and standing (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.] 

Tensive boring pain in the chest, continuing during inspiration 
and expiration (aft. 51 h.). [Gn,] 
155. Externally on the sides of the chest broad stitches going slowly 
upwards (aft. i h.). [ff^s.] 

Fine drawing tearing from the left side of the os sacrum to the 
lumbar vertebrac. [HnL] 

On inspiration aching pain in the left side of the chest clo^e 
beside the spine (aft. J h.). [Hln.] 

When walking in the open air aching pains along the spine, 
which went off when standing or sitting (aft. 4^ h.). [Lr.] 

When sitting an aching pam in the middle of the 
back, as from prolonged stooping, which went off when 
stcmding or walking (aft. li h.) . \Lr.] 
160. When sitting an aching pain on the left side of the 
back, as from prolonged stooping, which did not go off 
by touching^j walkiny, pr standing (aft. 9 h.). [Lr.'] 


When sitting painful stitches on the left side of the back, which 
went ofFby standing or walking (aft. i^ h.), [Lr,"] 

After prolonged writing, with the back somewhat bent, violent 
pain in the back and scapulae, as if he had strained himself by lifting 
(aft. 33 h.). [HnL] 

Sharp stitches, with fine drawing on the scapulae and hot feeling 
in these parts (aft. i h.). [ff^s,] 

Fine aching shooting on the inferior border of the right scapula 
(aft. IO h.). [Htn.] 
165. Drawing tensive pain between the scapulae, which alternates with 
a similar pain in the lowest short ribs, but does not impede respira- 
tion (aft I h.). [Htn.] 

When standing and sitting an aching pain in the sacrum, as 
from prolonged stooping, which goes off on touching and when 
walking (aft. 3 h.). [Lr,\ 

Burning sensation on the posterior muscles of the left upper arm 
dose to the elbow-joint (aft. | h.). [///«.] 

Heavy feeling in both arms ; when he raised them the whole 
arm felt full of lead. [///«.] 

On making some exertion with the left arm, cramp in the 
upper arm, but, on flexing the arm, in the forearm (aft. i- h.). 
170. Pulsating, sometimes intermittent, violent twitchings of single 
muscular parts in the right upper arm (aft. 25 h.). [HnU 

When sitting and writing, in the muscles of the rieht 
upper arm a drawing tearing, which went o£f on movmg 
and eztending[ the arm (aft. | h.). [Lr.] 

Shooting tearing pain on the point of the right elbow-joint (aft. 
9ih.). [Htn.] 

Cutting in the bend of the elbow, worse when flexing the arm, 
diminished by extending it (aft. 4 h.). [^s."] 

In the right elbow-joint a drawing tensive pain, 
frequently. [HnL] 

175. Dull tearing just above the elbow- and wrist-joints, worse when 
at rest than when moving (aft. 24 h.) . [^.] 

Cutting on the right forearm in front of the elbow-joint (aft. 
some m.). [ff^sJ] 

Burning pains in the right forearm, externally. [Gn,] 

Bruised pain on the inner side of the right forearm, as if he 
had got a blow there, when moving, but worse when at rest, con- 
tinuing for a quarter of an hour (aft. 10^ h.). [Gn.] 

Drawing tearing pain in the posterior muscles of the left forearm 
to the fingers (aft. 7^ h.). [Htn.] 
180. Cutting tearing pain in the posterior muscles of the right fore- 
arm, recurring in jerks (aft. 7J h.). [///«.] 

Cramp-like heavy sensation in the right forearm, dose to the 
wrist-joint (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.'] 

Eruption of pimples on the back of the hands and fingers, which 
in the course of a day and a night coalesce to form a scab. [Schmidt- 

MULLBR, 1. e] 


b ^e kft pdB a Totimtiioiis ftehing, which com« 

In the ngbt F^bi^ ^ TiJiq^onB shooting ticklini;, 

_ i8 not immediateqr 

185. Crzmp in dieleit palm, whsdì wcnt off oa movìng the hand 

_ a ^aoMidie pun lìke cramp, (m the 
ten of the ri^t tìmwb, whieh went off on movìng it 

Parrai Ifkc cffiflc-pncks in the tip of the left index, only when 
toodKii. lasrng some mfniites (aft. 52 h.). [Gjì.] 

Drrmiziz tczrlrig poin oa the fourth finger of the left hand, 
whfch cocnmerLces in che middle joint and extends to the metacarpal 
bocc, goes oif br iexi=^ the én^er, hut immediately after extending 
ìt, when at rest, l e tmas vith incrcased riolence (aft. i h.). [///n.] 

Tearlc^ cuttic:? in the ball of the left little finger (aft. 2^ h.). 

193.. Per^stent itchìng prxk in the glutaeal musdes of the ririit side, 
which bccocDcs sdii more intense after rubfatng (aft. 5 h.). [ff^s.] 

When sitting a cutting pinching on the nght hip, which goes off 
when walkfng or standing (aft. if h.). [Lr.] 

Pain in thie mnscks of the thigh. 

Twitchìngs of single muscnlar parts, now on the rìght thigh, now 
on the lett (aft. 24 luf [HmL] 

When sitthig a stitdi-like pain, combined with 
aehing and drawing in the mnseles of the left thigh, 

elose to the groin, which goes off bj touching, moving and 
standing (aft. 2} h.^. [LrJ] 
195. On the outer side of the rìght thigh a ricdent buming shooting, 
when walking and sitting (the 4th d.). [/fji/.] 

Shooting tearìng pain in the rìght femur when walking (aft. if 
h.). [///».] 

\\lien Ijing in bed a painfìil spasm in the muscles of the left 
thigh, just aboTe the knee, on the inner side, which went off on being 
touched (aft. 16 h.). [Lr.] 

When sitting a stitchlike aehing in the mnseles of 
the left thigh, which went off on standing or walking 

(aft. Ili h.). [Lr.] 

When sitting a ^asmodic drawing pain down the 
mnscles of the left thigh, near the biee, which went off 
when moving and standing (aft. i h.). [£r.] 
200. Staggering when walking, firom weakness of the 
thighs. iGn.] 

when sitting spasmodic contractive tearìng in the anterìor 
muscles of the left thigh, which went off when touched and when 
standing (aft. 6^ h.). [Lr.] 

A quivering near the right patella (the 4th d.). [HnL] 
Burning shooting pain on the outer side of the right kncc. 


When going to sleep a burning itching on the knees, ankles, and 
205. When he crosses the left leg over the right he feels in the right 
knee a shooting tearing pain through its middle (aft. i h.). \Hin.} 

Tearing in the hough and calf, chiefly at night^ and more when 
sitting than when walking. 

Shooting cutting in the right calf, when sitting (aft. 7 h.). 

Aching pain in the left calf, when at rest and when movìng (aft« 
25 h.). [Gn.] 

Slow coarse stitches in the tendo Achillis, sometimes from with- 
out inwards, sometimes transversely across, which disturb his sleep 
at night, come on in fits and impede walking. 
210. When walking, a drawing and tension in the tendo Achillis^ 
whereby the leg is as if paralysed, so that he cannot walk 
with it. 

Persistent itching pricking in the dorsnm of the left 
foot when movine, Dut worst when at rest (aft. 55 h.). 

Persistent aching pricking in the dorsum of the left foot on 
moving, worst when at rest. [(?«.] 

When standing drawing stitches on the dorsum of the right foot 
near the ankle-joint, which went ofF when walking, but returned 
when sitting (aft. 1} h.). [/^r.] 

Sore pain under the left external malleolus, when at rest, worst 
when touched and when lying on it, lasting ali night (aft. 6 h.). 
215. Burning more around the ulcer on the foot than in it; after 
walking it throbs like a pulse in it. 

Itching in the sole of the left foot, when walking and when at 
rest (aft. si h.). [Gn.] 

When sitting, on the inner border of the sole of the right foot, 
an aching shooting, which went off when walking and standing (aft. 
i^h.). [Lr.] 

Cutting cramp-like pain in the hoUow of the right sole, when 
sitting (aft. 2i h.). [///«.] 

Digging quivering in the ball of the right foot, when at rest (aft. 
gh.). [G«.] 
220. Itching prick in the ball of the right big toe, when at rest (aft. 
6i h.). [Gn] 

Very violent throbbing pain in the three middle toes of the left 
foot when at rest (aft. 3 d.). [Gn,] 

The workmen employed in salt works become cachectic and 
dropsical, and get indolent ulcers on the legs. [Ramazzici, 1. e] 

A number of very painful cutaneous ulcers, which prevent him 
sitting and lying. [Schaekel.^] 

Oxygenated muriatic acid restores the irritability of the mus- 

^ No reference to be fbund anywhere. 


cular fìbres that has been destroyed by alcohol and opium. [Hum- 
boldt,^ Ueber die Reixbarkeit der Faser,"] 
225. Pain of the perìosteum of ali the bones, as in agues. 

Bruised pain of ali the joints. 

(Fine pricking, tickling itching on the body, which went off only 
for a short time by rubbing.) 

Feeling of exhaustion in the whole body. [Stf!] 

Attack : in the evening (8 p.m.) the abdomen felt full as if it 
would burst ; she became so anxious that the sweat poured down on 
the head, and she got weak as if she was paralysed ; her arms fell 
230. He either will not or cannot move, it annoys him to move, and 
he always wants to sit. 

When sittiiig her ey es closed firom exhaustion ; but 
if she Btood up and moved about she immedmtely 
became lively (aft. 2} h.). [Zr.] 

When working sleep almost closed his eyes (aft. 4 h.), [///«.] 

AH day long great disposition to sleep. [///».] 

Sleeplessness before midnight. 
235. Sleeplessness after midnight. 

He cannot go to sleep readily, he then sleeps but lightly, and yet 
he cannot rouse himself properly from sleep, nor wake thoroughly 
(aft. 3 h.). 

Before midnight he snores loudly and tosses about, but he can be 
easily awakened. 

When standing or walking exhaustion of ali the body, so that he 
fell asleep when sitting (aft. 9^ h.). [ir.] 

He wakes before midnight very cheerful, and cannot afterwards 
fall asleep again (4th night). [//»/.] 

240. Frequent waking from sleep, with tossing about in bed 

(aft. 22 h.). [ir.] 

Before midnight she tosses about and often talks aloud in sleep, 
with a cheerful tone, but often groans at the same time. 

He slides down in the bed and sighs and groans in his sleep. 

Restless, frequently-interrupted sleep ; with vivid anxious dreams 
and during sleep profuse sweat ali over, except on the head. [Htn^ 

Unremembered dreams. [ir.] 
245. (Genial dreams of home.) 

Dreams that cause anxiety, vexation, and joy. {^Lr."] 

Vivid, anxious dream, [/^r.] 

Vivid, uneasy dreams, full of care and fear, with erection of 
penis without seminai emission. [Crn.] 

Vivid, anxious, frightful dreams. [Gn.] 
250. Restlessness. [Hufel, Joum,^ xviii, iv, pp. 45, 46.] 

He cannot get warm ali day (not even by walking) and is cold to 
the touch. 


1 From experiinents on animals.— The aythor is speaktn|^ of the cflFect of lo^l 


He cannot get warm at night and tosses about in bed (aft. i6 h.). 

Chilliness with goose-skin, without shivering and without thirst. 
255. He shivers if the room is not very warm. 

Chilliness with thirst, without subsequent heat. 

He woke up from chilliness before midnight, and couid not get 
warm ; he was less chilly in the parts on which he lay ; later he 
became very warm and he perspired (3rd night.) [//«/.] 

With hot cheeks and cold hands, febrile rigor ali over the body, 
without thirst (aft i h.). [ir.] 

Febrile shiveriiiyB^ ali over the body, rigor, with yawn- 
ìaf and stretching of the limbs, but without thirst and 
without heat thereafter (aft. 3J h.). [£r.] 

260. When yawning (with slight fluent coryza) febrile shivering ali 
over the body, with weak, slow pulse and cold finger-tips, as if they 
were dead, and blue nails, not followed by thirst or heat (aft. 2 h.) 

Hardly has he sat down for a nap (on account of unnatural day- 
drowsiness) than he feels burning heat on the whole head and on 
the hands, with cold feet, without thirst (aft, 4 h,). [///«.] 

Heat and hot feeling of the body, especially of the palms and 
soles, without redness of face, without sweat, without thirst, and 
without dryness of the mouth, with some inclination to throw off 
the clothes. 

Slight sweat in the morning ali over the body (aft. 23 h.), [Lr.'] 

Night sweat. 
265. Every third pulse intermits. 

Silent reserve, with anxious concern about the present and future. 

In the evening, along with cheerful disposition, an anxiety and 
restlessness in the upper extremities (as if in the blood-vessels), as 
though it proceeded from a heaviness in the arms ; he must always 
keep moving the arms ; at the same ti me a restlessness in the whole 
body, except the legs ; he became hot, he must throw ofF the clothes^ 
and yet he bad no thirst. 

Whilst at work ideas about circumstances that had occurred a 
short time previously rush upon him, and are vividly represented to 
bis mind. 

Sunk in profbund thought, as if something disagreeable were 
about to happen, which, however^ does not prevent him working. 

270. Anxious scrupulosity (immediately) ali day ; he cannot get over 
the slightest misfortune or become contented ; after 72 hours more 
cheerful, less scrupulous, and more courageous than at ordinary times. 

Tendency to start. 

Sad disposition without assignable cause (aft. 6 d.). 


Sulky disposition. 

Sadly silent and discontented with bis lot. 


275. Laconic, sileni and sullen (aft. 3 d.). [GnJ] 
Silent rcserve, laconic (aft, 4 h.). [G«.] 
Pusillanimous, desponding and cross about e^^erything. 
Disinclination for intellectual occupations (aft. 3 d.). [Gn.'] 
Very tranquil, cairn and free from care (chiefly aft. several h,).* 

* Reaction of the organlsm, curative action. 


(Seedj ofStrychnos mix vomica.) 

(Ten grains of nux vomica seed, finely triturateci in a warm mortar, are macerated 
with looo drops of alcohol, without beat, for a week, to make a tincture. Of this, 
one drop is raised to the decillion-fold potency through 29 other diluting phiais, each 
filled to thrce quarters with alcohol, by means of two succussions givcn to each phial 
after the dilution is made. 

The same medicine is prepared in a simpler and almost more powerful and uniform 
manner, by taking one grain of the powdered nux vomica seed, and treatin^ it like 
other dry medicinal substances, by triturating it thrice with 100 grains of milk-sugar 
(according to the directions for the homceopathic preparation of medicines in the 
second part of the hook on Ckronic Diseases) up to the million-fold powder attenuation. 
One grain of this is dissolved in 100 drops of diluted alcohol, and the dilution and 
dynamization is brought fiirther (as taught in the same hook), by means of 26 more 
phiais filled three quarters full of good alcohol, up to the decillion-fold potency. 

One small sugar-globule, 300 of which weigh a grain, moistened with this last 
dilution, serves as a dose.) 

There are a few medicines, the majority of whose symptoms corre- 
spond in similarity with the symptoms of the commonest and most 
frequent of human diseases, and hence very often iìnd an efEcacious 
homceopathic employment. They may be termed pofychrests, 

To these belong particularly the nux vomica seed, which it was 
formerly feared to employ, because it had hitherto been administered in 
enormously large doses (a whole grain or several grains) in unsuitable 
cases of disease, consequently with injurious eiFects. But it proves the 
mildest and most efEcacious remedy in ali the diseases whose symptoms 
correspond in similarity to the enects nux vomica is capable of prò- 
ducing in the healthy numan being, when administered in the small 
doses above indicated. 

Some practical instructions may be of use, deduced from the results 
of the carefiil experience of many years. 

Ameng these may be mentioned^ that it is more frequently 
required by those persons who are of an anxious, zealous, fiery, hot 
temperament, or of a malicious, wicked, irascible disposition. 

If the menses usually come on some days too soon, and are too 
copious, the ailments remaining or occurring after their cessation are 
quite suitable for nux vomica. 

It has been found that this medicine, administered some hours before 
bedtime, acts more gently than when given at other times of the day ; 
but there are exceptions to this rule in cases of urgent necessity. Its 
administratìon in the morning on an empty stomach is attended with 
the most inconveniences in very sensitive persons, for it displays its most 

> From voi. i, 3rd edit., 1830. 


frequent and most severe symptoms immediately after waking in die 

Next in fìrequency its symptoms occur soon or immediately after 
eating and during mental strain. Hence we should do wrong to give 
it immediately after a meal if we can avoid doing so, and hence, abo, 
no mental labour, no meditations or declamations, no reading or wridng 
should be eneaged in immediately after taking it (and the same may be 
said of the administration of ali other medicines). We ought towait 
fbr at least a couple of hours if we would avoid giving its action an 
improper, injurious direction. 

Among other aiFections, many chronic maladies, also the evil con- 
sequences arising from drinking much coffee and wine, especially 
when the usuai mode of life is a sedentary one in dose rooms, and 
those aiFections caused by prolonged mental labour, find their remedy 
in this seed ; as also severa! epidemie diseases and other acute fevers, 
especially such as have heat before the chili or mixed up with it. 

Serious ailments from catching cold are often removed by it. 

So, also, this medicine is more especially suitable when the 
patient's state is worst in the morning and when he wakes up about 3 a.m. 
and must lie fbr severa! hours awake with intrusion of irrepressible ideas, 
and only involuntarìly fsiìs into a sleep full of oppressive dreams when 
the morning is far advanced, from which he wakes more fatigued than 
when he lay down at night, and is lazy about getting up ; as also for 
those who several hours before bedtime in the evening cannot forbear 
sleeping, even while seated. 

In this, as in some other medicines, we meet with symptoms which 
seem to be complete! v or partially antagonistic to one another, altimat- 
ing actions^vfìixcìizt tne same time are primary actions, and which make 
nux vomica very applicable and efficacious for a number of morbid 

When, on account of the dose being too large, or on account of 
unhomceopathic employment, it causes considerale ili efFects, its action 
may be speedily completely removed by a little wine, brandy, and 
camphor. For the headache and anorexia it causes the appropriate 
antidote is coffee ; for the paralytic symptoms it produces cocculus ; for 
the over-sensitiveness and dyspncea induced by it, aconite ; and fbr the 
great crossness and irascibility, chamomilla. 

Physicians who have hitherto been in the habit of imagining and 
evolving ftom their own fancy in their studies the powers of drugs and 
their antidotes, indicated vinegar and other vegetable acids as the 
surest antidotes to nux vomica and other powerfiil vegetable sub- 
stances. As regards nux vomica this is contrary to ali the experience 
that I have had the opportunity of obtaining on men and animals. 

The following symptoms are tolerably aomplete, and give an almost 
perfect idea of the efFects of nux vomica on the human body, mind 
and disposition. 

[Hahnemann was assisted in this proving by Flaeming, Friedrich Hahne- 
MANN, and Wahle. 
Symptoms are obtained from the following old-school sources : 
Bergius, Mai, Med. 

^fÙX VOMitìA. 2i5 

CoNSBRUCH, HuftL Joum,f iv. 

Hartmann, Disi, SpiciUg, ad nucis <vom, usum, Traj. ad Vladr., 1785. 
HoFFMANN, Frid., Med, Rat, Syjt,^ ii. 
HuFELAND, Journal d,pr. Arsn., i. 
JuNGHAVSSy Dùs, de nuci *uom. Hai., 1770. 
Matthiolus, Comment. in Diosc, lib. iv. 
Rademacher, Hu/eL Joum,^ iv. 
Seutter, Diss. de nuce 'uom, L. B., 1691. 
Stran DBERG, in Kiernander^s Med. lac, 
Thuessinr, Thomas a, IVaarnemingen^ xxxiii. 
Veckoskrift fór Làkarti ii. 

WiBL, J. P., Obs, de usu interno nucis vom. et ^vitr, alb, Viteb., 1771. 
In the Frag. de f^ir, thcre are 308 symptoms, in the ist edit. 961, in the and edit. 
1267, and in this 3rd edit. 1301.] 


Stupe&ction of the brain. [HufeLand, Jour. d. p. Jrz.y i, p. 

Intoxication faft ^ h.). [Feckosàri/ì /'ór Làkare^ ii, p. 169.'] 
Vertigo. [J. r. Wiel, Ubs, de usu interno nucis vom, et vitr, alb,y 
Viteb., 1771.^ — HuFELAND, Jour,^ 1. e. — Bergius, Mai. Med.^ p. 


Swaying feeling in the brain. 

5. Attacks of vertigo, as if it tumed round in a circle in 
the brain, with momentary Iosa of consciousness. 

Vertigo, as if he would fall on one side (aft. 68 h.). 

Vertigo with obscuration of vision, 

A giddy sensation in the brain, going from one place to anotber 
(aft. 6 h.) . 

Vertigo (for an hour and a half) after dinner. 
IO. Vertigo after a meal when walking, that leaves oiF on standing 
stili (aft. ih.). 

Whirling vertigo while eating. 

Vertigo with obscuration of vision while eating, something like 
when one comes suddenly out of the cold into a warm room. 

Head wonderfully confused ; on moving it the blood rushes into 
the head, with laziness of the rest of the body. 

Vertigo like whirling, when he has eructation from the stomach. 
15. Vertigo, as if he neither heard nor saw and would fall, whilst 
sneezing and coughing, or when he rises up after stooping low. 

Giddy staggering when walking, as if he would fall sideways or 

When lying on the back, unable to raise the head on account o( 
vertigo and obscuration of vision (aft. 24. h.). 

On two successive evenings, after lying down, vertigo, as if the 

bed went round in a ring with ber. 

_ _ _ ■■ - — ^— ^^^— ^^-^^^^.^-— 

' From ninc grains, in two doses, given to a woman in dyscntcry. 

' Not acccs8ible, 

* From ten-grain doses in a woman sufF«ring from dysentery. 

VOL. II. . 15 


Veitigo of syncope (immediatelj). 
20. Headache, as if from empriness. 


Dnmken confiurion of the head 

Intoxicadon rìsing up towards the head. 
Dazedness of the head, as from a debauch over night. 
25. In the moming headache, as if he had not slept at night. 

DuJbiess of the head after dinner, which recnned 
twenty-four hoiin afterwards (aft. 24, 72 h.). 

Something dull is spread before the head (in the forehead) in the 
evening in the open air, as if consciousness would leave him for a 
moment (aft. 24 h.). 

Some dulness comes ^t the back of the head. 

A humming and whirling in brain and ear. 
30, A buzzing in the forehead, afternoon and evening. 

In the open air and sunshine stupid in the head. 

A stupefying headache in the moming in bed, on awaking, that 
goes off after getting up (aft. 16 h.), 

Stupid in the head when he holds it erect ; but when he depresses 
it, sensation in the forehead as if something heavy sunk down in it. 

When stoopine he feels an excessi ve weight on the head. Uf^e,] 

35 . In the morning dnmken, giddy heaviness of the head. 

In the morning heaviness in the head (aft. 4 d.). 

Headache, when stooping, as if something heavy in it fell 

Headache, like a heaviness in the brain, in the moming. 

Headache after dinner, composed of heaviness and pressure, espe- 
cially on moving the eyes (aft, 16 h.). 
40. rressive headache (aft. 5 m.), [^^.] 

On closing the eyelids (pressi ve ?) headache in the middle of the 
brain, such as comes on after vomiting. 

Aching pain in the forehead, relieved by laying the head on the 
table ; aggravated by open air, with weariness of the legs when going 
up bill (aft. 3 h.). 

Aching pain in the forehead, as if he had not slept enough. 

Aching pain over the left eye, and in the bone it pained as if he 
had got a blow there ; he cannot open the eye. [^.] 
45. Aching pain over the right orbit, in the morning in bed, when he 
lies on the right side, and going off when he lies on the opposite side 
or on the back. 

Aching pain in the occiput in the moming imme- 
diately after rìsing from bed. 

He wakes up early in the morning, and with the eyes stili closed 
he has headache in the middle of the brain (aft. 12 h.). 

Deep in the brain, in the region of the crown, a down-pressive 
drawing headache. 

Pain in the occiput, as if the brain were pressed or knocked 
50. Tensive headache, at night. 

Tensivc headache in the forehead. 


Squeezing headache. 

Headache on the least meritai exertion when lying, as if the 
brain were pressed asunder. 

Headache, a pressing in the occiput from both sides outwards, as 
if the skuU posteriorly were forced asunder, with heat in the brain ; 
relieved momentarily by compressing with the hands for twenty 
hours (aft. 11 h.). [Fg,'\ 
55. He wakes at night from headache. [/^.] 

From exertion of the head he has pain in both temples. 

From prolonged attention an aching and beating pain in the 

Headache in the morning in bed, as if on the surface of the whole 
brain, as if the skuU would burst (aft. io h.). 

Headache ; the brain as if pressed and beaten. 
60. Headache in the morning in bed, as if some one struck his head 
with an axe, going ofF after rising. 

Headache, as if the brain were sph't (aft. 8 h.). 

Headache ; in the morning, while lying in bed on the left side, a 
pain in the right side of the brain as if lacerated, but which goes ofF 
when she h'es on the right, the painful, side (aft. $2 h.). 

Tearing pain in the head to the root of the nose and upper jaw, 
aggravated by walking. 

Tearing in the crown, forehead, eyes, with qualmishness, squeam- 
ishness and nausea in the region of the chest and weakness of the 
vocal organs (aft. 2, 12 h.). 

65. Drawing tearing headache. 

Tearing in the head at the ear downwards (aft. 40 h.). 
Tearing headache, after a meal, with feeling of heat in the cheeks 
and chilly feeling over the body, at least on the hands. 

Drawing tearing and burning pain in the head in the morning 
(aft. 60 h.). 

Burning in the brain beneath the frontal bone. 
70. Drawing pain in the head (aft. 6 h.). 

Drawing pain first in the temples, then in the forehead, 
then in the occiput 

Headache drawing upwards in the right side of the brain near the 
ear (aft. i h.). 

Drawing in the back of the head as if she were freezing there 
(aft. lao h.). 

Drawing movement bere and there in the forehead towards the 
root of the nose. 
75. Painless drawing bere and there in the brain. 

Tingling and shaking in the brain when walking and running. 

Splashing and bubbling in the head when walking. 

Single twitches in the head (aft. 3 d.). 

Drawing twitching headache, in the morning. 
80. Single blows or strokes in the head. 

(Headache in the morning, a Constant pecking (obtuse shooting 
throbbing), aggravated by stooping forwards, and then as if a bit of 
the forehead would fall out.) 


Violent jerks or obtuse stitches in the left half of the brain, in 
the direction from the orbit to the parietal bone and occiput, sooa 
after eating (aft. io h.). 

Single violent stitches in the head (aft. 6 h.). 

Headache, beginning some hours before dinner, increasing after 
eating : then violent stitches in the left tempie, with nausea and very 
sour vomiting ; these ailments disappear in the evening after Ijing 
85. Shooting and aching above the eyelids. 

From time to time pain in one half of the head, as from a naìl 
driven from above downwards, always deeper and deeper in the 
parietal bone (aft. i h.). 

Intolerable (digging ?) headache beginning in the moming when 
lying in bed, going ofFon getting up (aft some h.) 

Shortly before dinner, headache. 

Semilateral headache in the afternoon (from 4 a.m. till night) 
with exhaustion and weariness. 
90. External headache, as if the hair on the occiput were painftd. 

External headache ; pain of the integuments of the head as if 
bruised ; the hair stands on end and is painftil to the touch (aft. 
8 h.). 

A drawing pain in the outer parts of the head. 

External headache ; pain on the integuments of the crown, on 
being touched, as if bruised. 

Èctemal headache ; pain of the integaments of fhe 
head, aggravated by touching. 

95. External headache ; during cola wind, pain as if the head were 
sore externally ; and yet the part is not painful when touched (aft. 

On the hairy scalp and face red, painful pimples or papules, whose 
apices at length become fìlled with pus. 

(Itching and gnawing on the hairy scalp and nape, as when an 
ulcer is healing, especially in the forenoon.) 

Painful, small swellings on the forehead. 

Crawling externally on the forehead. 
100. Formication on the forehead and crown. 

Itching and crawling in the face as if fleas were creeping on it, 
which goes ofF by scratching, but soon returns. [^^.] 

Sensation in the face as if innumerable ants were creeping upon 
it. [Rademacher, HufeL Journ, iv, p. 573.^] 

Sensation of tension in the face about the mouth, eyes and nose, 
with perccptible swelling of these parts. [5//*.] 

Painless drawing in the face, on stooping. 
105. A twitching as if a thread were pulled in the right side of the 
face, in the evening. 

Twitching in the facial muscles, in the evening after lying down. 

Formication bere and there in the cheeks, which are red and hot 
(aft. I — J2 h.). 

^ From eight graini given to a man in dysenteiy. 


Small pustules on the cheeks. 

Complexion wretched, pale, earth-coloured, jellowish j but the 
white of the eye is unaltered. 
no. Very red, swoUen face. [Consbruch, HufeU Journ,^\v^ pp, 443, 


Pain above the left eye in the skin as if he had been burnt, \}Ve^ 

The right eyebrow is painful when touched. 

Drawing tearing pain in the eyelids. 

Quivering of the eyelids. 
115. Contraction of the eyelids, as if from a heaviness of the upper 
lid^ at the same time gush of tears. 

Aching in the upper eyelids, especially in the morning. 

Itching in the anterior part of the eyelids (aft. i^ h.). 

In the evening, itching of the eyelids towards the internai 
canthus (aft. J2 h.). 

On the eyelid a burning itching pain. 
120. The border of the eyelids pains as if excoriated, especially when 
touched, and in the morning. 

Canthi pain as if excoriated. 

The inner canthus is painful as if excoriated and 
mbbed raw (aft. 2 h.). 
Mattery canthi. 

The outer canthus is in the morning as if stuck together with 
125. A sore, dry feeling in the inner canthi in the morning in bed. 

Smarting in the inner canthi as from acrid tears, in the evening 
in bed. 

Smartii^ in the eyes, especially in the eztemal 
canthi, as if from salt; they weep. 

Dryness of the right eye (aft. i h.). 
Burning in the eyes without inflammation. 
130, Formicating burning in the eyes. 

Pain in the left ève as if bruised, with purulent mucus in the 
outer canthus (aft. 5 d.). 

(Pain like needle-pricks in the eyes.). 
Itching on the eyeball (aft. 2 h.}. 
Itching of the eyes relieved by rubbing. 
135. The eyes are full of water, as in moist inflammation of the eyes 
(lippitudo), or as in stufFed coryza. 

Painless congestion of blood in the white of the eyeball (aft. 
14 h.). 

Painless redness in the left outer canthus, in the morning. 
Blood exudes from the eye. 
Sparkling, staring eyes. [Consbruch, 1. e] 
140. Swelling of the eyes, with red stripes in the white, and aching 
tensive pain. 

Inflammation of the eyes. 

From two dr^chms of the ppWer taken by a man. 

ZnX:- Z, "ZE Hill !M"^ j y nii . liwfcurjf Mn of 

rrr:j=:3 ì?ar^nron r 'ìiaiu jbd axannsis. ir 2 far ham) 

jxa x^r jOuhs njvrr vsorc tUb stcs. wim yiipcfjrtian 


TiTTTi:^ Vini d' iicir ircsdnns^ 

^ in " ;iuT- 13 "ìa^ ar ìoogcii^ pressare. 

LvLr:^ EST:! ricTT'' - ir» iizsr sx. liks ^rarrm '^> 6 k.). 

:]ianniie n jcd* jyìiIiJL cmse kEm to 

Tsrni^ nrrrreg i::ra die mar sr awnjtib evcnfng (afL 

iiism rcws n :nc: iiusmi ar art. i h. . 

?!!:: n :lie mernsi 27 ■ impiHUHtei of biows 2zxd mueciing , fike 

i^-s. In ::xe iiesr x -j p' .LigJi g ji die earsy 2s ftam z gnsBhopper. 
K212ÌIV in. ^2iS dZS -ire. 2 — 4, à.]. 
2»isz:ne ina Tiirnming -H die ars a CTm bces.) 
In ne Tifining^ insr rism^. x nar:n^ bcibrc che cars (aft. uh.). 
V ::.j--:e a ne isn is ."r^in. i ri-Tirrx-mTll, at night. 
r^5. I.i die in^mn^. iicLcwnes in che cars, 30 that the words he 
iceiJLi r^^^^rzd il die sariy jcing oiF alter dinncr (afe 5 d.). 

Wlien ciieTTL::^ imi pressing the raw3 togethcr a shoocing drawing 
pair. t.v3riris die inner car, almosc like cramp (afL 4 h.) . 
Int'^ieraile :t;:h:zg cf the nc«c.^ TIadeaiacher, I. e] 
\z òrtrw tkc nicuth sideways. [Rademachek, 1. e] 
Lock; ng o: the rawì with fuU coosciotisness. [Rademacher, 
K ci 
170. In the masdeter muscles and jaws a sensation as if trìsmus 
wouid come on, or as if the jaws were drawn together, though their 
movsmeTìt remains free. 

Drawing pain in the masseter muscles. 
UJcerated corners of the lips. 

Palnfol defquamation of the lips (aft. 3 h.). 

Over the hordcr ofthe upper h'p itching pimples. 
tjfì» Kore feeling on the inner surface ofthe lower lip. 

> Whh S.102, 


A small ulcer on the inner surf'ace of the lower lip, painful when 

An ulcer with scab and burning pain on the red of the lip. 

Ulcerated scabs on the border of the lips, an eruption which on 
its first appearance causes shooting pain. 

In the morning, shooting in the upper and lower lip. 
180. The under lip is burst in the middle (a chap) (aft. 12 h.). 

Miliary papules containing pus round the lips. 

A single hair of the beard on the lip pains when touched, as if a 
splinter were stuck in there (aft. 5 h.). 

A pimple on the skin of the lower jaw only painful when 

On the chin eruption of itching papules, the largest of which are 
surrounded hy redness. 
185. A tetter-like eruption on the lower part of the chin. 

Swelling of the gums. 

Painful swelling of the gums with painful papules on the interior 
of the lip and on the tongue, as in mercurial salivation. 

Swelling of the gums with pain like throbbing in them, as if an 
ulcer would form there. 

Gums swollen as thick as the finger, with throbbing pain, as in a 
suppurating abscess, on account of which she cannot eat^ for five days. 
190. Swollen gums with drawing pain, 

Ulceration of the gums at an incisor tooth with drawing and 
burning pain. 

Swollen gums with toothache before dinner. 

Swollen gums with toothache, which commences with aching 
(aft. I h.). 

Toothache as from soreness of the gums in the morning. 
195. Continued sore pain in the teeth, increased by exertion of the 
head and meditation. 

While walking in the open air Constant toothache like slight sore 
feeling, especially when the mouth is opened. 

Twitching toothache as if proceeding from swelling of the gums. 

Twitching toothache synchronous with the pulse with swelling 
of the gums. 

Twitching toothache with jerking in the ear, also twisting and 
screwing in the ear, in the morning immediately on waking, and in 
the evening. 
200. After dinner, toothache, at first like a blow or stab into it, then 
a humming in it like a painful roaring, which extends into the 
eyes, and is aggravated by walking in the open air, also occasionally 
lasts into the night ; it is relieved when she wraps up her check very 
warmly; when it comes again it always commences with needle- 

Single twitches each ending in a stitch in several teeth, in the 
open air. 

Drawing toothache, with at the samc time stitches in one row of 
the teeth, especially when drawing the air in by the open mouth 
(aft. ^ h. ). 



Drawin^ toothache with stitolieB in a toofh, he can- 
not teli whicb. 

Drawing pain in the hollow tooth, when he suclcs it with bis 
205. In the hollow tooth pain extending up to the head., when air 
enters the mouth. 

On breathing deeply (in the open air) pain as if air entered the 
hollow tooth. 

Drawing toothache at one ti me in an upper, at anotherin alower 
molar, and then drawing in the others to the front, especially imme- 
diately after the noonday meal and in the evenine;, durìng which 
red, hot spots occur on the cheeks and neck, and the disposition is 
complaining, he makes reproaches and is desperate. 

Drawing toothache from warm drinks and soups. 

Tearing toothache, which first attacks a hollow tooth, then 
penetrates now to the upper, now to the lower jaw, then through 
the facial bones into the head, and tears in the tempie of the same 
side, recurs by fìts, is relieved fbr some time by sleep, but is 
renewed by cold water or by a morsel of food getting into the 
hollow tooth (after 2 h.). 
210. Boring gnawing toothache, which is neither relieved nor aggra- 
vated by touching and chewing, but is diminished by drawing in cold 
air i on the other band it is increased by the warm room. 

Digging toothache on exerting the head and thinking ; afterwards 
a painful gland under the angle of the lower jaw, towards evening 
(aft. 9 h.). 

Shooting toothache in several teeth of both jaws. [ff^e,] 

Dull shooting toothache in an upper incisor. [ff^e.'] 

Toothache, as if the tooth were dislocated or bitten out and 
waggled, with single coarse stitches, only observed on inspiring the 
open air with open mouth. 
215. Loose tooth with obtuse pain increased by chewing, late in the 
evening, and in the morning before rising from bed (aft. 12 h.). 

LoosenesB of the teeth. 

Looseness of a sound tooth, which is only painful when knocked 

Falling out of sound teeth, that were previously hardly ever 

Drawing tearing pain in the jaws. 
220. Drawing pain in the cervical muscles. 

White tongue (aft. 20 h.). 

Speaking is difficult for him. 

She is unable to speak loud. 

Dryness in the front of the mouth, especially on the tip of the 
225. Dryness in the mouth in the morning, without thirst, as if he 
had been drinking alcoholic liquors the previous evening. 

Dryness in the mouth after midnight, as if the tongue stuck to 
the palate, without thirst, and yet great accuipulation of saliva in (he 
fauces (aft. 5 h.). 


Itching on the left side of the root of the tongue. [ff^e.] 

Painful pimples on the front of the palate, behind the upper 
incisors (aft. 40 h.). 

Painful vesicles on the tongue (aft. 6 h.). 
230. Shooting in the tip of the tongue, after lying down, or going to 
sleep at the midday siesta (aft. 2 h.). 

Mouth and fauces are in the morning covered with mucus^ and 
there is yellow mucus in the canthi of the eyes (eyegum) (aft. 
16 h.). 

Fain, as if rough and sore in the throat, on the palate. 

The inside of the mouth, the gums, and tongue are slimy, and 
as if raw and sore, as from something acrid. 

Swelling of the palate with an aching pain, also when not 
swallowing, and a burning sensation behind the palate (aft. 32 h.). 
235. Swelling of the palate and uvula, as if from adherent mucus, 
especially felt when swallowing (aft. 8 h.). 

Sore throat as from swelling on the palate, but not felt when 

Sore throat ; an aching in the throat only felt when swallowing 
the saliva, not the food. 

Sore throat ; in bed in the morning, sensation of a swelling in the 
gullet, more felt when swallowing than when not. 

Single stitches on the side of the throat, when not swallowing, 
especially felt when stooping and going up stairs (aft, i, 24 h.). 
240. Itching pricking in the gullet towards the ears when swallowing 
and when moving the jaws. 

Shooting in the upper part of the throat, in the afternoon (aft. 

Shooting in the uvula and in the sub-maxillary glands when 
swallowing, with shivering by day, perspiration in the night and 

Aching shooting pain in the throat, as if a plug were sticking in 
it, more felt when not swallowing than when swallowing. 

Sore throat ; sore roughness in the fàuces, only felt when drawing 
in cold air and when swallowing. 
245. Sore throat as if raw when swallowing (without shooting). 

Burning in the fauces, as from heartburn. 

Bubbling up (boiling) and burning up into the throat. 

Burning in the throat at night ; she must sit up, when she lies 
down it is worse. 

Burning in the cesophagus up to the mouth. 

250. HeartbnnL 

Scraping in the throat, and at the opening of the larynx, as after 
rancid heartburn (aft. 8 h.). 

Rancid heartburn, as if from overloading the stomach with rancid 
fat (aft. 6 h.) . 

Scraping, scratching feeling in the throat^ such as 
remains after heartbtim. 

Scraping and scratching in the fauces, as if the skin had been 
3craped off with a sharp instrument^ not perc^iy^d on swailowing. 


:5> Gmt edktttìmm if aliTm in the numUi (the first 12 h.). 

Gspiciis Sssw or wxdstj alÌTz from the mouth (water-brash). 
On scsogirrgy zrear iow o£ water from the mouth, without 

Fuow or salico, óom che mondi durìi^ skep (aft. 20 h.). 

260. Sg tt i luj g or M a rfcSrit, almoK coogulatcd Uood,at first about 2 a.m.| 
dbext aÒQiir 2 p^m, wìdi a peculór taste in the mouth and a smeli d 
blood isL d^ mxcy at tke same tùne there alwap comes a little Uood 

;3fee has a sour oste in the mouth, and there b a sour smeli 

In the TTfc^rrrng rypcnalÌT, sour taste in the mouth. 

Food anc crjik Leare a sour taste in the mouth. 
255. ImmeiiiarelT after swaUoving food, which tastes properly, there 
Comes a soar cxsce in hs mooth. 

Bread azd rotLs hare a sour taste, not so other food. 

After drlzkin^ milk, sonrish taste in the mouth. 

DrìzIdiLz milk seems to cause additj (afe 15 h.). 

^In dK mocning a salt taste in the mouth.) 
2*0^ Hawking dfa alt mucus ftom the fuiccs. 

NastT taste in the mixith, 

DfiOa^Feeabk tste and smeli in the mouth and nose, almost 

(He nodces a sweetisfa disagreeable tvte, and a sweetish dis- 
agròcable smeli about him.) 

In the mouth a bad, slimr taste, herbaceous and metallic united, 
wìth dtscoatent and relaxation, in the nKMning. 
275. Disgustine herbaceous taste in the throat, almost like carrots 
(aft. I h.). 

Beer has a herbaceous taste to her. 

Taste in the mouth as if the stomach ¥^re deranged. 

In the moming milk tastes bad, as if spoilt. 

In the moming he vrakes with a perfecdy dry throat, and after 
getting up he notices how badly he smells from bis throat. 
280. After enictating an ill-smeÙing vapour appears to come out of his 

Qn coughmg a putrid taste deep in the throat (aft. 2 h.) . 

Putrid taste in the mouth. 

In the moming before eating, putrid taste in the mouth, which 
goes oflF after eating. 

Putrid taste in the moudi in the moming, as fìt>m carìous teeth. 

285. In the moming putrid in the mouth, but food and 
drink taste righi 

On expectorating the mucus from his chest he perceives a bitter 
taste low down in the throat. 

In the moming bitter taste in the mouth, but food 
and drink taste right. 

Bitter taste in the mouth, not of the food. 



On spitting out the saliva he perceives a bitter taste. 
290. Bread has to him a smoky taste. 

He tastes little or nothing of what he eats ; the food seems to 
him to have no taste at ali. 

In the morning milk has no taste to him. 

Meat has no taste to him. 

Continued anorexia. [Hartmann, Diss. Spicileg. ad nucis vom. 
usum^ Traj. ad Viadr., 1785, p. 20.^] 
295. Coffee has no taste to him. 

Diminished appetite. 

Bepugnance to food (immediate!/). 

He loathes sour (black) bread. 

Dislike to bread. 
300. Dislike to rye bread ; when he takes it his mouth fills with 

He eats without appetite. 

The smeli of food is disagreeable to him. 

Food and drink have a disgusting smeli to him. 

On walking (for half an hour) he loses his appetite. 
305. Dislike to ordinary food and drink, and to the acCUStomed 

tobacco smoking and coffee. 

Thirst afternoon and evening. 

(Thirst for milk.) 

He has thirst and yet water and beer are repugnant to him. 

He became sìck and inclined to vomit from smoking tobacco (aft. 

310. Longing for tobacco (in the first hours). 

Great hunger, also in the morning (aft. 15 h.), 
Hunger and yet loathing of food. 

An hour before dinner disagreeable feeling in the stomach and 
abdomen, as from emptiness combined with hunger. 

Periodical ravenous hunger in the afternoon, especially after 
drinking small beer ; after a small draught of it he becomes hungry, 
if he passes over the hunger without eating then he feels as if hewere 
quite full and satiated. 
315. Hunger; but if he eats ever so little he is immediately satiated, 
and feels quite full (aft. 3 h.). 

After eating an ili-feeling, as if he were really ili, and in spite of 
his malady had overloaded himself with food. 

After eating, the stomachache and the metallic and herbaceous 
taste return. 

After eating unhappy and quite sad. 

After eating quite hypochondriacal, and afFected by the least trifle. 
320. After dinner chilliness and coldness. 

After dinner and after supper chilliness. 

After dinner much beat, especially in the face, that seemed to rise 
up from the abdomen ; he perspired chiefly ali over the back. 
After eating heat and redness of cheeks, with conftised head. 

-^^— ^^^^^~ ~~'^*^'~^^"^— '^^^^^^^^ 

^^Not accessible, 



After a meal external heat of the cheeks, with intense feeling of 
beat, like burning, in the interior of the cheeks, with very dilatable 
pupils, photophobia, and chilliness on the arms with goose-skin (aft. 

325. After dinner great dryness at the back of the throat. 

During dinner heat in the head. 

During dinner a kind of faintness, at the same time nausea and 
flying heat, which ali went ofF on lying down. 

While eating he perspires on the forehead and scalp (aft. 2 h.). 

After dinner he had suddenly squeamishness and loathing, 
followed by vertigo and tendency to faint ; later much eructation 
without taste or smeli (aft. 13 d.). 
330. After eating and drinking eructation. 

Frequent eructation. 

Painful eructation. 

She often feels as if she should eructate, but it does not take 
place ; she then feels as if the oesophagus were spasmodically con- 
trac ted. 

After eating a watery fluid belches up into the mouth. 
335* When fasting bitter eructation. 

Eractatìon (belching) of a bitter and sour fluid (aft. 6 h.). 

Eructation of a bitter sour fluid, at night (aft. 12 h.). 

After a walk in the morning, some eructation up to the front of 
the tongue. 

After eating (three hours afterwards), eructation of a sour taste 
and smeli, with yawning (aft. 8 h.). 

340. Frequent hiccup, without cause. 

Hiccup before dinner (aft. 24 h.). 

Thirst without bodily heat, and yet drinks oppress the stomach 
(aft. 6 h.). 

Thirst, and the drinks are relished, but soon after drinking there 
occurs nausea^ in the evening (aft. 12 h.). 

Nausea. [Matthiolus, Comment. in Diosc.j lib. iv, cap. 23.^] 
345* ^hen she wishes to eat she has nausea. 
Nausea an hour before dinner (aft. 16 h.). 

Nausea in the moming. 

In the morning qualmishness about the heart, with nausea and 
ilow of saliva ; in the afternoon shivering. 

In the morning nausea, which spread here and there through the 
body, as if ali were in commotion (aft. 12 h.). 
350. After a meal, qualmish^ anxious, sick and ili, and as poorly as 
after a strong purgative ; something rose up from the scrobiculus cordis. 

After eating loathing of whathad just been eaten, especially when 
sitting up and refraining from lying down. 

Nausea after dinner (aft. 40 h.). 

Nausea in the afternoon (about 5 p.m.) (aft. 20 h.). 

In the afternoon, nausea in the scrobiculus cordis, but not comìng 
to actual vomiting (aft 3 d.). 

^ No such observation found in work mcntioned ; but other aythQrs fpcntion his 
pasc as tbat of sm old womao killed by a smail quantity. 


3$5- After eating sick qualmishness (squeamishness). 

Inclination to vomit. [Frid. Hoffmann, Med. Rat, Syst. ii, 

P- 175.^] 

After palpitation of the heart sickness with clean tongue. 

[Thomas a Thuessink, fVaamimingen^ xxxiii.^] 

Immediately after eating inclination to vomit. 

After dinner and drìnking, nausea, then thirst and after drinking 
distension of the abdomen, like swelling. 
360. After dinner inclination to vomit for an hour (aft. 3 h.). 

On hawking (getting up the mucus ftom the throat) retching as 
if to vomit (aft. 4 h.). 

. Vomiting. [Strandberg, in Kiernander's Med. lac.^ p. 269.^] 

Repeated vomiting (aft. i h.). [/V. H — ».] 

Violent vomiting. [Matthiolus, 1. e] 
365. Vomiting of sour mucus, in the forenoon (aft. 20 h.). 

Vomiting of sour smelling and tasting mucus towards evening, 
with headache like tearing (?) round the lower part of the skuU (aft. 
9 h.). 

Vomiting of blood. 

Vomiting of blood, or belching of blood from the stomach (aft. i h.). 

Aching spasmodic pain from the fauces down to the scrobiculus 
cordis, in the morning. 
370. Scraping sensation in the scrobiculus cordis. 

A Constant pressure on the heart (in the region of the scrobiculus 

The region of the stomach very sensitive to external pressure ; he 
dare not let the band lie on the stomach, because it causes nausea. 

Towards evening a sick feeling in the scrobiculus cordis, like 

Continued stomachache. [Veckoskrifì^ 1. e] 
375. Violent oppression of the stomach. [Strandberg, 1. e] 

Pressure in the stomach, as from a stone. 

After eating little, aching in the stomach (in the morning). 

Immediately after eating aching pain in the region of the stomach, 
as if from eating too much (aft. 5 h.). 

After eating^ aching in the scrobiculus cordis and abdomcn, with 
380. Aching in the heart (scrobiculus cordis). 

After drinking, immediately a pressure in the scrobiculus cordis 
causing tightness of the chest, with distension of the abdomen (aft. 

Pressure some inches below the scrobiculus cordis, which causes 

An aching under the scrobiculus cordis, especially after walking 
in the open air, which when sitting does not go off under a quarter 
of an hour. 

Long-continued stomachache and pain in the upper part of 
the abdomen. [Bergius^ 1. e] 

* From fìfteen grains in a girl of ten. — Should be " cfForts at vomiting " (p. 283). 
' Not accewible. 


385. In the morning, pressing in the scrobiculus cordis, then cutting 
in the abdomen with Constant nausea (aft. 24 h.). 

In the morning, pressure as from a stone in the epigastrium, 
aggravated by walking, relieved by sitting (aft. 14 h.}. 

Tension in the stomach. 

Tension over the stomach. 

Drawing tensive pain in the abdomen. 
390. Tension over the stomach (epigastrium) in the aftemoon (3 
o'clock), then pain in the abdomen, as if ali were raw and sore 

Spasms ofthe abdomen. [Strandberg, 1. e] 

When walking, at every step pain in the abdomen, as if ali were 
sore there. 

Pain in the epigastrium, as if the clothes were too tight there. 

ContractìvOy squeezing stomachache. 

395. In the side of the abdomen a squeezing, aching pain. 

After squeezing aching bellyache and fermenting rumbling in 
the hypogastrium, watery diarrhoea, quite early (aft. 24 h,). 

Contractive pain in the hvpochondria (aft. 6, 12 h.). 
Contractive pain in the abdomen. 

After eating a little and even on commencing to eat, fulness in 
the epigastrium. 
400. In the side ofthe abdomen, under the short ribs, sensation ofan 
internai swelling. 

Distension of the scrobiculus cordis, which is painftd 
to tiie touch. 

Feeling as if something tumed over in the gastric region. 

Gurglìng in the side of the abdomen with anxiety. 

Throbbing in the gastric region. 
405. After supper, sensation like a throbbing in the gastric region, 
chiejfly fèlt on touching it (aft. 24 h.). 

Throbbing pain in and under the hepatic region» as if an 
abscess would form there. 

Jaundice, with loathing of food and short attacks of fàintness ; 
thereafter weak and ili. 

Prìcking pain in the hepatic region (aft. a few h.). 

A chili running over the hepatic region, a creeping feeling. 
410. Spasmodic pain in the left side ofthe abdomen, combined with a 
qualmishness, felt especially in the scrobiculus cordis. 

Alternate grasping and clawing (now clutching now letting go) 
in the upper abdominal region. 

Griping, bubbling, digging in the abdomen. 

When he eats something he has griping and pinching in the 
abdomen above the navel. 

Sensation as if something drawn down from the limbs were roUcd 
together in the umbilical region, like a fulling and kneading. 
415. Spasm in the stomach, clawing in the stomach after midnight, 
towards the morning, as from a purgative, changing into a buming 
in the scrobiculus cordis. 

Buming at the mouth of the stomach. 


Feeling of burning in the scrobiculus corclis,''coming from below 

Especially at night a kind of cooling burning (as from saltpetre 
on the tongue) from the scrobiculus cordis up into the gullet. 

Soon after supper a burning pain in the scrobiculus cordis, and 
furthcr downwards, with anxiety. 
4^0. Sensation of increased warmth in the abdomen^ in the morning. 

Sensation of a not disagreeable warmth in the abdomen, and as if 
something unfolded itself there and were in movement. 

Ebullition in the abdomen from below upwards without per- 
ceptible heat. 

(Coarse stitches in the scrobiculus cordis in the evening, and 
for some time after lying down.) 

Shortly before dinner, pain in the scrobiculus cordis as if bruised, 
which goes off after eating. 
425. In the morning in bea, pain as if the bowels were bruised, also in 
the loins^ with a kind of nausea. 

Tearing pain in the stomach. 

Flatulent colie in the upper part of the abdonneiiy in 
the evening after lying down (aft. 5, io, 13 h.). 

Flatulence rises up in the abdomen, and presses 
under the short ribs (art. 20 h.). 

Pain in the abdomen, as from confìned incarcerated flatulence. 
430. Deep in the hypogastrium, pain as from incarcerated flatulence, 
with pains in the sacrum, in the morning. 

Flatulent colie after stool, as if the bowels were hard pressed by 
stones bere and there (aft. 4 h.). 

In the abdomen pressing flatulent distension. 

In the hypogastrium a pressure^ like distension, when he draws 
his breath, talks, and touches it externally. 

After a meal, flatulent distension in the abdomen 

(aft. 12 h.). 

435 • After drinking, immediately flatulent distension. 

Everything he takes seems to turn to flatulence^ which rises up 
and causes anxiety. 

Here and there in the abdomen anxious pressi ve flatulence. [Fg.'\ 

The flatulence seems to rise up into the chest, makes it tight and 
causes a shooting aching here and there (immediately.) 

Early in the morning he has working about in the abdomen (aft. 
18 h.). 
440. In the abdomen croaking like frogs. 

Earlv in bed along with rumbling and rattling in the abdomen, 
spasmodic and pinching flatulent colie, with heat in the palma and 
soles (aft. 20 h.). 

Loud rattling and rumbling in the abdomen, in the morning. 

Rumbling in the abdomen, in the afternoon. 

Loud rattling in the abdomen^ with internai movements as if 
stool were about to ensue ; at the same time she is weak and must 
lie down. 
445. Feeling of a weight in the abdomen. 


Sensatìon as if everything in the abdomen would fall down,wliich 
compels him to walk softly. 

Sensatìon in the abdomen when walking as if the bowels sjJashed. 

Bellyache with sensadon of dryness on the lips, and heat of the 

Fain like needle-pricks in the abdomen (aft. 4, 6 h.}. 

450. Shooting in the left side of the abdomen on breathing deeply. 

Stitches in the side of the abdomen on moving. 

Severe stitches in the um bilicai region (aft. ^ h.). 

Shooting in the right side of the abdomen, which takes away the 
breath, and is relieved by pressing in the band, in the forenoon. 

Deep in the hypogastrìum, a kind of flatulent colie ; sharp 
pressure, as with a cutting or pointed instrument, on the bladder, the 
neck of the bladder, the commencement of the urethra, the perìnaeum, 
the rectum and anus, as if cutting flatus would force itself out at ali 
these parts ; intolerable at every step (he walks in a bent attitude, it 
draws him so together), rapidly going off when at rest, when sitting 
and lying. 

455. Cutting bellyache with inclination to vomit. 

Continued, cutting pain in the hypogastrìum, rìsing up into the 
upper abdomen, where it becomes a grìping. 

Cutting pain in the hypogastrìum, with sickness, sweetish, dis* 
gusting taste in the mouth^ exhaustion and great drowsiness in the 
morning, returning after 24 hours (aft. }, 24 h.). 

Burning cutting, more in the upper abdomen and more fre- 
quently when moving. 

More cutting than pinching bellyache, which causes nausea. 

460. Bellyache in the open air, as from catching cold. 
Bellyache, as if a oiarrhoea from a chili would occur 

(aft. 5 h.). 

Pinching in the abdomen (aft. ih.). 

Intolerable pains in the abdomen (aft. i h.). [Consbruch, 1. e] 
After drinking coffee pinching in the abdomen, as ftom worms, 

which goes off by bending the body backwards, but is renewed by 

stooping (aft. I h.). 
465. Pinching drawing, several times, in the side of the abdomen, 

from the inguinal ring upwards (aft. ^ h.). 

Pinching tearing pain in the abdomen up towards the 

chest (aft. ih.). 

Drawing pain in the abdomen from the left side over the navel. 

Drawing tearing pain in the abdomen. 

Drawing tearing pain in the abdomen from both sides, which 
unites above the os pubis. 
470. Tearing pain in the abdomen, in the afternoon (aft. 4 o'dock) 
(aft. I h.). 

A forcing down towards the genitals in the hypogastrìum. 

On walking in the open air a contraction in the hypogastrìum 
and a forcing towards the genitals. 

Contractive spasm in the abdomen and uterus, like a grìping 
and clutching (with increased metrorrhagia in clotted masses). 


Weak feeling in the inguinal ring, as if a hernia would come (aft. 
20 h.]. 
475. Pain in the inguinal ring, in the morning in bed, as if a hernia 
were incarcerated. 

Indìcatìon and commencement of an inguinal hernia 

(aft. 5, 7, 8 h.). 

In the region of the os ilii an aching pain. 

Twitohin^ and quivering in the abdominal mnscleSi 
nnder the skin. 

Feeling of a running in the right abdominal muscles ; on touchìng 
the part it is numb, stifF, and feels as if swollen. 
480. Pain as if bruised on the side of the abdomen and loins when 

The abdominal muscles are painful as if bruised, only when 
touched and when moving the body. 

Pain of the abdominal muscles as if bruised, especially painfiil on 

The abdomen is painful to the touch. 

After quick walking, there occurs on a small spot of the abdomen 
a pain when touched, or from the pressure of the clothes ; at the 
same place a fine needle*prick is felt. 
485. Diarrhcea, especially in the morning and immediately after the 
(midday) meal, of a dark colour. 

Diarrhcea. [Strandberg, 1. e] 

Evacuation enveloped in white mucus. 

Small diarrhoeic motions in the morning, which excoriate the anus. 

Diarrhcea of foetid faeces. [Wiel, 1. e] 
490. Green slimy thin motions (aft. 24 h.).^ 

After a motion smarting and sore pain in the anus, in the 
evening (aft. io h.). 

Some hours after the motion a burning sore pain, as if a wound 
had been cut into, at the anus, as from hsemorrhoids. 

Difficult evacuation passing with burning. 

Burning pain externally at the anus, immediately after the 
motion (aft. 20 h.). 

495. After bellyache evacnation of dark colonred mucusi 
which causes a smarting burning at the anus (aft. 8 h.). 

Small, frequent evacuations. 

Stool consisting first of soft and thin, then of hard fseces (aft. 20 

In the forenoon, along with discharge of flatus, involuntary 
evacuation of liquid stool, foUowed by hard fkces. 

Stools consisting of hard and soft fxces, mixed with discharge of 
flatus, in the morning and after eating (and drinking). 

* ^0/^.— The production of continuai, copious, diarrhoeic motions — actual diar- 
rhcea it is callcd — is never to be mct with in tne prìmary action of nux vomica, as far 
as my observation goes, and the diarrhoea met with among its symptoms consists eitber 
of very small evacuations, mostly composed of mucus, accompanied by fxcal motions 
and straining; or when it was a copious, thin faecal evacuation, it was then the 
secondary action or result in a patient who had prcviously suffcred from constipation 
and costiveness, with ftuitless urging to stool. 

VOL. U. . 16 


500. Evacuation of hard large-formed faeces (aft. 24 h.). 


Constipation, and at the same time rush of blood to the head. 

Constipation, as from constriction and contraction of the bowels. 

Constipation, as from inactivity of the bowels. 
505. Anxious cali to stool (aft. 6 h.). 

Inefféctoal urging to stool. 

After sufficient evacuation of the bowels frequent ineffectual 
urging to stool. 

Pressive pain in the hypogastrium, especially towards the anus. 

She is obliged to go three or four times daily to stool, with some 
pinching ; she frequently goes without result and when something 
passes it is soft. 
510. When he has an evacuation he feels as if some faeces stili 
remained behind, and as if he could not get rid of enough, with a 
feeling of constriction of the rectum, not of the anus. 

A daily evacuation, but always with a colicky sensation in the 
abdomen, and when the stool occurs it always seems to her as if 
enough did not come away, and as if the evacuation were incomplete. 

Pressing in the rectum before the motk)n. 

When she goes to stool the pressing is more upon the utenis 
(just as if the child would come away), less upon the rectum. 

When she wishes to go to stool a griping in the upper part of 
the abdomen. 
515. Very hard, dry stool, and for some time thereafter a shooting pain 
in the rectum, as from haemorrhoids (aft. 14 h.). 

Blind piles (haemorrhoids) (aft. 6 h.). 

Shooting in the rectum, while the stool is passing. 

Transient feeling of piles (aft. 8 h.). 

Blood passes along with the faecal motion. 
520. Whitish faeces mixed with viscid mucus and streaks of blood (aft. 
I, 2 h.). 

Evacuation covered with blood, and slimy matter along with it. 

Along with feeling of narrowing and contraction of the rectum, 
during the motion, discharge of bright blood with the fiseces (aft. 48 h.). 

Discharge of blood from the anus. 

After a meal, and after exertion of the head and reflection, 
tearing shooting and constrictive pain as from bad blind piles, in the 
rectum and anus (aft. 38 h.). 
525. Buming and shooting in the rectum with piles at the anus (aft. 
2 h.). 

Sharp pressing pain in the rectum after stool and after a meal, 
especially when exerting the head and studying. 

Sharp pressing pain in the rectum, before stool, in the moming 
(aft. 16 h.). 

Pain in the rectum as from costi veness, in the evening after 
eating, which is alleviated from time to time by discharge of flatus 
(aft. 4 h.). 

Aching pain inside the anus and in the rectum, in the evening 
(aft. II h.). 


530. Violent aching pain deep in the rectum taking away the brcath, 
about midnight (aft. 16 h.). 

In the morning, after rising, painful contraction in the rectum 
and anus (aft. io h.). 

Contractive feeling in the rectum sometimes like an urging to stool* 

Contraction and stricture of the rectum which prevents the 
expulsion of the stool. 

A twitching in the anus unconnected with the stool. 
535. Itching in the anus and hot stool. 

A voluptuouSy intolerable itching in the rectum, down to the anus. 
(aft. 3 h.). 

Formication and tickling itching in the; rectum as from thread- 

Itching in the rectum as from thread worms. [ff^e,'\ 

Formication in the anus at night as from threadworms. 
540. Threadworms pass out by the anus. 

At the border of the anus itching, which passes into smarting 
and sore pain, as from blind piles (aft. \ h.) • 

Itching in the anus combined with sore pain, as in haemorrhoids, 
whilst walking in the evening (aft. 30 h.). 

In the perinaeum, itching after the midday siesta (aft. 16 h.). 

In the perinaeum, aching pain after dinner (aft. 2 h.). 
545. (After dinner, shooting pain in the bladder, independent of 
urinating, which is allayed by discharge of flatus.) (aft. 80 h.) 

Urging to urinate. 

Urging to urinate in the afternoon. 

Painful inefFectual urging to urinate. 

Painful discharge of turbid urine. [Wiel, 1. e] 
550. (More urine passed than the fluid he had drunk.)"^ 

Watery urine (aft. 3 h.). 

Discharge of pale urine, the last portion of the discharge consist- 
ine of a thick whitish matter^ like pus, with severe burning pain (aft. 

Whilst urinating there is discharged from the bladder very viscid 
mucus, without pain (aft. 9, 12 d.). 

Before urinating pain in the neck of the bladder. 
555* After urinating pressing in the neck of the bladder, 

Whilst urinating a burning and tearing pain in the 
neck of the bladder. 

Whilst urinating a burning in the urethra (aft. io h.). 
Whilst urinating a burning pain in the anterior part of the^urethra. 
Whilst urinating a burning, but when not urinating a^ tearing 
pai n in the urethra. 

560. Whilst urinating an itching in the urethra. 

When not urinating an aching pain in the orifice of the urethra, 
with shivering (aft. 4 h.). 

When not urinating, in the morning and when reflecting, a 
contractive pain in the anterior part of the urethra, backwards. 

* Copious discharge of urine is onl^ curatire secondar/ action in this medicinei 
after a previous opposite condition in this patient* 

3gsluc iriiaiiiiiia. lurnmc sni grii fcwg paio ia die aicdm, aftef 

rininii orrck jx sic ixne ^bt of tfte «Rthci, wUdi went back- 

2^5» ^1 III limi Jieiy Tcónnr ^ aofas vaae^ z pgMtìng or twitdiii^ in 

c&e taKSKB cf dke vethia poins as if it 

■■ ■ nsu 'i f n r sbu. oO. ^'**ì^ rrp ot 

rii:?llfTg JBL dlB ganifci 3L dhC ■■* imig 
£*TL. A %UJi' i i g Jg 

A snsarzmr Ciin i iiii jh :^ caos :^L 2 k.}. 
F.TMHiig TcmiTg ut r3E xiaas^ 5k cae e ieuìug and nìomiiig. 
Qti rie jimgT tir jkt ;zf ±e gfan% àunAg ttHt^wg (alt. 6 h.). 

or iiHtf^'iiA ■*>fcr»>tf tbe coraoa e^andìs. 

^^ ^ «. .u^ jn .^«H ■■ A .^li I» irai. 3gfllllMf dìlC JmDS C'^ 4" ^)* 

, - . - ,. prepuce, 

cspcdaUj towards 

jScL Er:anTTg THìing cragcàaBL qg tbe 

r^ucrrnxx pÈz js vack tatzsptaa tbe n^bt ade of the scrotum. 


iz c&e crfci-'r^ Jfc 4 k.]. 

- » 

585. Coosciìcrrie pcs ìsl the irwlcs (sft. 2 h.X 

NocrasraL yiwTal rmiffiffinn wìth La u iimis drcams (alt. 48 h.). 
Nocrunal ym^al emsssàQos» faUowed bj cootinued coldncss of 
die feet, eoe removed òr n ic w ement (alt. 6 h.). 

y p c tuipa l scmaul rrnèw ì nn withont ciec tk m of the penis; fbllovred 
by re!ax2tsoQ oc the lover parts (aft. 36 h.). 
Protoo^ed erectìoQ of the penìs. 

593. Ere^lion ùttbe penis after the (ndddaj) eleep. 
For sereràl soeeeesiTe moniiiigs eroetioii of ik^ 

Sexual desire, but during cxxtus impocence occursand the member 
bccofDcs soft* 

On sli^t ezdtatìoo, anMrous transport (aft. 5 h.). 

On slight exdtatioii^or the mere touch of a woman, there occiurs 
strong sexual desire, espedallj in bed in the moming (aft. 8 h.). 
595. An itching buming in the region of the neck of the bladder, in 
the morning in bed ; it seems like sexual desire (aft. 19 h«). 

Buming in the female genitals, with strong indination for coitus 
(aft. 15 h.). 

Involuntary exdtement in the genital organs, and urging to 
seminai emission, in the morning after rìsing ftom bed. 

After coitus, immediately dry beat of the whole body, which * 


cannot bear the bedclothes to be removed^ and dryness of the 
mouth without thirst (aft. 5 h.). 

Discharge of mucus from the urethra. 
600. Discharge of foetid mucus from the genitals. 

Paipless discharge of yellow mucus from the vagina. 

Internai swelling of the vagina, like a prolapsus, with burning 
pain, which renders external touch intolerable. 

In the morning in bed a forcing out towards the genitals. 

Menses three days before the time (aft. 48 h.). 
605. Menses three days too soon, with abdominal spasms (aft. 72 h.), 

Menses three days too early, last a shorter time, and are 
scantier than usuai. 

Menses four days before the proper time (aft. 3 h.). 

Menses four days too soon, and in smaller quantity. 

The menses which had left off a day return for a few hours (aft. 

, 3 h.). 

010. The menses reappear on the fourteenth day. 

Menses at the full moon (aft. 26 h.). 

Brings the menses back at the full moon. 

The menses, suppressed for six weeks, reappear at the full moon. 

During the menses, in the morning, nausea with chilliness and 

attacks of &inting. 

615. After the menses are established, fòintings in the morning after 

rising, preceded by spasmodic movements in the abdomen, and fol- 

lowed by exhaustion and chilliness on rising from the couch (aft. io d.). 

During the menses she becomes quite weak after every stool. 

During the menses faintness (about 2 p.m) and headache as if 
the eyes would fall out of the head ; she could not hold up the head ; 
commenced to be chilly until she shivered, and an hour afterwards 
she had internai burning beat and dry lips. 

At the term of the menses headache in the occiput, like an abscess 
in the brain and as if festering ; when she lay it was much worse 
than when she rose up. 

During the menses an out-pressing pain in the side of the abdo- 
men (aft. IO h.). 
620. During the menses, after the noonday sleep^ a tearing in the left 
arm and nght thigh. 

During the menses a crawling upward in the guUet, in the 
evening after lying down. 

* * * 

The inside of the nostrìls is painfully sensitive. 
The borders of the nostrìls are painrul round about as if sore and 
ulcerated, on moving the nose, especially in the evening. 

The anterior angles of the nostrìls are painful as if 

ulceratedi and as if a wound were cut into (aft. i, 10 h.). 
625. Increased acuteness of smeli (aft. 132 h.).* 

Deception of smeli ; it seems to her as if there was a smeli of 
rotten cheese about her. 

* Merely the curative effect on a previous opposite cpn4itio|if 


Deception of smeli; he has a sulphurous smeli in the nose. 
Deception of smeli ; in the evening he has a smeli in the nose 
like the smoking wick of a candle. 

Bloody nasal mncus (aft. i h.). 

630. Prolonged epistaxis. 

Discharge of coagulated blood from the nose^ in the morning. 
Discharge of an acrid fluid from the nose. 
Discharge of nasal mucus without coryza. 
(Can breathe freely through the nose, but it is dry inside.) 
635. Frequent discharge of mucus from one nostrìl which ìs stopped up 
as from coryza (aft. i h.). 

Frequent discharge of mucus from both nostrils which are stopped 
up as from coryza (aft. 20 h.). 

By day fluent coryza, at night stuflFed coryza. 
In the morning stuflFed coryza with extreme dryness of the 

In the morning fluent coryza. 
640. Hot in the head as from coryza, with one red cheek, and nmning 
of mucus from the nose (aft. 2, 3 h.). 

Continuai beat in the nose and frequent attacks of coryza. 
True coryza, with scraping in the throat, crawling and scratch- 
ing in the nose and sneezing (aft. i h.). 
Frequent sneezing. 

Sneezing in the morning in bed, but after rìsing sudden flow of 
645. Coryza in the morning and after dinner. 

Itcning in the stopped-up nose, as in coryza. 

Foetid breath through the nose. 

On stooping ill-smelling vapour out of the mouth and vertigo. 

In the morning after rìsing he has a foetid odour from the mouth, 
not perceived by himself. 
650. Ill-smelling breath and exhalation from the mouth, which he 
does not perceive himself^ in the morning, whilst the tongue is dean 
and the taste is perfect (aft. some h.). 

Fcetid breath after dinner (aft. 36 h.). 

Sour smeli ing breath. 

Hawking up of mucus from the windpipe without cough. 

Catarrh with headache, beat of face, chilliness, and much mucus 
in the throat. 
655. In the evening before going to sleep, dry, painful catarrh in the 
larynx (aft. 36 h.). 

In the morning he has catarrh in the chest^ so that he cannot 
cough up anything without pain in the windpipe (aft. 14 h.). 

Rough throat from catarrh. 

Oppression on the chest ; he cannot get up anything by coughing 
(aft. 16 h.). 

Early in the morning dry, painful catarrh in the larynx, with 
increased warmth of hands and feet, which at first induces him to 
uncover, but an hour afterwards to cover himself; foUowed by 
general perspiration (and cessation of the catarrh) (aft. 20 h.). 


660. In the morning, in bed, he has catarrh in the chest (like a fur) ; 
he is hoarse and rough in the chest, and on a spot in the windpipe, 
where the cough detaches the mucus, it is painful ; relieved by 
rising from bed (aft. io h.). 

In the morning, on rising, he feels viscid mucus strongly 
adherent to the upper part of the windpipe ; chest oppressed. 

Scraping on the chest so that he must cough. 

He feels as ìf mucus constrìcted and squeezed the upper part of 
the larynx, which he must get rid of by voluntary short cough. 

Mucus adheres to quite the upper part of the windpipe, causing 
665. Tickling in the region of the palate, that excites dry coughing 
(aft. 48 h.) . 

Roughness and scrapy feeling in the larynx exciting coughing. 

Roughness in the throat compelling him to cough, 

Scraping cough. 

Itching in the larynx, which excites coughing. 
670. An itching tickling in the windpipe, in the middle of the 
sternum, causing cough (aft. J h.). 

Cough on bodily exertion (aft. 48 h.). 

During expiration there occurs a tickling in the windpipe, which 
causes coughing. 

Cough occurs while reading and reflecting. 

Cough which returns with violence every other day. 
675. After eating, cough. 

Dry cough from midnight till day-dawn. 

Violent attacks of dry cough, in the evening after lying down, 
and quite early in the morning (aft. 12 h.). 

Violent cough, in the morning before getting up, with expecto- 
ration of coagulated blood and pain in the chest (aft. 18 h.). 

Cough at night ; at the same ti me oppression of the chest. 

680. Noctumal cough. 

Cough Comes at night and prevents sleep. 

She could not get pròperly to sleep on account of cough, and 
when she thought she would sleep the cough came and disturbed her 
till midnight ; she then slept on tranquilly. 

Dry, persistent, fatiguing cough about midnight, when lying on 
the back, which goes oft'when she lies on the side (aft. 5 h,). 

Cough which becomes loose in the open air.* 
685. Cough and expectoration are increased whenwalking in the open 
air, and are followed by exhaustion. 

Cough with sweetish expectoration. 

Only during the cough so acrid in the throat, that it 
pains her in the pit of the throat (aft. 2 h.). 

A sore shooting when coughing. 

Cough which brings on headache as if the skull 
would Durst. 
690. Cough which causes bruised pain in the epigastrio 

* LoQse cough is only curative action with this medicine. 

xaS nux vomica. 

CoQgh wliidi causcs beat. 
(CoQ^ wliich causes crackiiig in the ear.) 
TìghtzMss of die brcath and then hacking (short) cough. 
9iortDess of brcath ; she cannot draw in air enough, net even 
when hring ; at the same tinte quick pulse. 

695. Ab mstlmistie, eonstnctive tightness transvenely 
thimig^ the ehest, iHien waDdng and going np hilL 

\^lien gotng upstairs tight on the diest, just as if nis dothes were 
too tidit ; after sitting down it was relievecl. 

\Vhen the docfacs are tight under the rìbs he cannot get brcath 
when walkine ; he bfeathes OKNre fireelj when they are loosened; but 
if he takcs gÌIF bis dothes entirelj the breath becomes again more 

The fastenin^ of the dothes over the hips oppresses, and they 
ahra3rs appear to be too tight. 

Tightness of the diest in the evening and moming. 
70OW Oppiessìon of the diest. [Matthiolus, 1. e] 
AnxietT in the diest. [/ìFv.] 
Opprcssion of the diest in the evening. 

Tightness of diest and anxiety increase gradually fbr some hours, 
so diat the breath becomes ever shorter, and from time to time per- 
spiiation breaks out aU over the body. 

At night, on awaking fìrom ft^tful dreams, tightness of the 
chest» she can hardly get breath, with roaring in the «ars, quick pulse 
and perspiradon. 
705. In the moming in bed, when lying on the back, tightness of the 
chest, but when he tums on the rìght side, headache. 

A somewhat painful wcariness in the chest, which is not painful 
when touched, it is reUered by bending back the trunk (aft. 48 h.). 

After dìnner d^tness of the chest ; he must draw deep breaths 
slowly ; some hours afterwards shortness of breath (rapid breathing) 
(aft. 26, 30 h.). 

Along with very slow breathing dilated pupils. 
At night in bed squeezing on the chest ; it is as if contracted. 
710. ImmMÌatdv after dinner pain dose under the navel, as if a stone 
lay thcre, which almost takes away bis breath, so that he can only 
breathe with difficulty (aft. 70, 90 h.). 

A disagreeable feeling in thie scrobiculus cordis spreads upwards 
to the larynx and chokes and shuts oflF the breath. 

As long as she remains up the breathing is difficult and tight, but 
on lying down in bed it is naturai. 

In Uìe open air a pain on the chest, as if it were compressed by a 


A pressive pain transversely across the chest, which takes away 

the breath. 
715. A pain extending transversely across the chest, with short 

, At night a tension and pressure in the extemal parts of the chest, 

as from a weight, and as if the side were paralysed. 
i*ain ^ if bis $ternum were prcsscd in. 


A pain in the neighbourhood of the sternum, only by day, when 
breathing, as if the chest were too short. 

Immediately after eating an aching (and cutting) pain in the 
720. Aching pain in the left side of the chest when she sits for a little 
while, but immediately going off when she eructates. 

A constrìctive pain in the chest. 

Ab asthmatic constriction transversely through the 
chest, when walking and going up hill. 

A pinching drawing pain near the sternum (aft. ^ h.). 

A drawing under the left breast with anxiety, a kind of oppres- 
sìon of the heart, which makes breathing di£icult (aft. 3 h.). 
725. Drawing pain in the chest. 

Drawing pain in the rìbs. 

Like a drawing and burning tearing in the left side of the chest, 
in the morning (aft. 36 h.). 

Burning on the chest, with anxiety (aft. 20 h.). 

Heat in his chest. 
730. A warm ebulhtion in the chest which causes anxiety. 

Heat in the chest, which rises up into the moutn and causes 
restlessness, anxiety, and sleeplessness (aft. 6 h.)« 

A warm tension on the chest. 

Warmth in the chest internally and externally, with pricking 
in the pectoral muscles (aft. 4 d.). 

Pain in the sternum like needle-pricks, in the afternoon* 
735* (Twitching shooting in the chest.) 

Stitches in the pectoral muscles, not excited by breathing (aft. 

In the morning, an hour after rising, some violent stitches^ in the 
cardiac region (aft. 7 d.)« 

Severe stitches in the region of the heart. 

Painftil blows towards the heart, synchronous with the pulse. 
740. Throbbing in the chest. 

Palpitation of the heart. 

When lying down after dinner palpitation of the heart. 

Ebullition of the blood with palpitation of the heart, quite early 
in the mornine (aft. 20 h.). 

Frequent slight attacks of palpitation of the heart. 
745. In the morning beating in the side of the chest (aft. 16, 80 h.). 

Sensation in the chest as if something would fall down (aft. 
6 h.ì. 

dhooting pain in the chest, which becomes more violent when 
moving, in the middle of the chest. [^^.] 

Only during the day, a pain like a bruise from the sternum to 
the scapulse, with stitches and shortness of breath when at rest and 
when moving. 

The whole sternum is painfiil to the touch, as if bruised. 
750. In the side of the chest, under the shoulder, a pain as if beaten 
and bruised, worse when touche4 and when moving than when at 

m8 NUX vomica. 

Cough which causes hcat. 
(Cougfa which causes cracking in tbe ear.) 
Tightness of the brcath and tnen hacking (short) cough. 
Shortness of brcath ; shc cannot draw in air enough, not cven 
whcn lying ; at the same time quìclc pube. 

695. Ah asthmatic, constnctive tìghtness tranarendy 
thronffh the chest, when walking and going np hilL 

Whcn going upstairs tight on the chest, just as if nis clothcs wcre 
too tight ; after sitting down it was relieved. 

When the clothes are tight under the ribs he cannot get tneath 
whcn wallcing; he breathes more freely when they are loosened; but 
if he takes on his clothcs entirely the brcath becoincs again more 

The fàstcnine of the clothes over the hips oppresses, and tbey 
always appear to bc too tight. 

Tightness of the chest in the evening and moming. 
700. Opprcssion of the chest. [Matthiolus, 1. e] 

Anxicty in the chest. [fVe.] 

Oppression of the chest in the evening. 

Tightness of chest and anxiety increasc gradually fbr some hours, 
so that the brcath becomes ever shorter, and from time to tìme per- 
^iration breaks out ali over the body. 

At night, on awaidng from frightfiil dreams, tightiiess of the 
chest, she can hardly get brcath, with roaring in tbe «ars,quick pube 
and perspiration. 
705. In the moming in bed, vrhen lying on the back, tightness of the 
chest, but when he turns on the right side, headache. 

A somewhat painful weariness in the chest, whtch is not painful 
when touched, it is relieved by bending bacie the trunk (aft. 48 h.). 

After dinner tightness of the chest ; he must draw decp bteatfas , 
slowly; some hours aftenvards shortness of breath (rapid brca '" ' 
{aft. 26, 30h.). 

Along with very slow breathing dilated ■ 

At night in bed squeezing on tnc ' * 
710. Immcdiately after dinner pain clos 
lay there, which almost takes awayJ 
breathc with difficulty {aft. 70, 90 h^ 

A disagrecable feeling in : ' 
lo the larynx and chokes and 

As long as she remains up 
on lying down in bed it is nat 

In UIC open air a pain o^ 

A pressivc pain tra 
the breath. 
715. A pain extendinfl 
breathing. ^ 

At n^ht a 
as from a w ;- 

l'ai» «^ 'ì 


A pain in the neighbouifaood of tbc stmmm, tmlj hy dsy, i^icq 
breathuig, as if the chest were too Aon. 

Immediatcly after cating an adùog (aod cutdag) pus in the 
720. Aching pain in the left side of the chest wben shc ^hs fai a little 
while, but immediately going offwhen she eructales. 

A constrictive pain in the chest. 

An asthmatio constrìctioii transTcne^ timnsli the 
chest, vhen walking and going 19 hìIL 

A pinching diawing pain near the stemum (afi. J h.). 

A drawing under the left brcast with anzietT, a kind of opi^es. 
sion of the heart, which makes breathing dificult (afL 3 h.). 
725. Drawing pain in the chest. 

Drawing pain in the rìbs. 

Like a drawing and burning tearìng in tbc \cft ndc of the chest, 
in the morning (aft. 36 h.), 

Burning on the chest, with anxiety (aft 20 fa.). 

Heat in bis chest. 
730. A wann ebultition in the chest wfaidi cuiset anzictr. 

Heat in the chest, which ma op into the moutb and canei 
restlessncss, anxiety, and sleepicssocss (aiìL 6 h.). 

A warm tcnsion on the chest. 

Wannth in the chest intenially and cxtemally, milk padane 
in the pcctoral muscles (aft. 4 d.). 

Pain in the stemum like needle-pricb, in tÉeóaman. 
735. (Twitching shooting in the chest.) 

Stìtches in the pcctoral musdes, noe ezcóed by bnatfaiiw (afe, 


In the morning, an bour after rising, some violent stitcha in tlic 
Ordiac region (aft. 7 d.]. 

stitches in tbc te^ioa of the heart. 
1 blows toward» tbc bcaR, tynchronous with the paiae, 
tbbing in the cbeO. 

Ipitation of the heait. 

Q'oD of the hoR. 

of the faea^ ^Bìa ^7 


On the chest, under the axilla, pain when touched ; he dare not 
press the arm against the chest. 

Simple pain in the right nipple when touched. 

Painful sensibility in the nipples (aft, i h.). 

Pain in both nipples, as when after parturition the milk would 
shoot into the breast. 
755. Rigor runs over the breast with tensive pain. 

Rigor over the breasts (aft. ^ h.). 

Itching pricking under the nipple. 

(Accompanying afternoon chili, violent shooting in the sacnim, 
which then goes into the sides and tightens the breath.) 

On turning the upper part of the body sideways a coarse stitch in 
the sacrum which takes away the breath. [ff^e.] 
760. In the sacrum and ischia a jerking obtuse shooting ; on account 
of it she cannot turn in bed ; also when at rest dull pain in the 
sacrum ; she could not lie stili, nor cough nor sneeze on account of 
this painful jerking. 

Nocturnal pain in the sacrum, which prevents her turning in bed. 

Along with rigor, throbbing pain in the sacrum with eructation 
(aft. 36 h.). 

Contractive pain in the sacrum which then extends to the side. 

The sacrai and lumbar regions are as if tense, and painful when 
765. From a draught of air pain in the sacrum, as if it would break ; 
she must walk bent doublé. 

Pain only by day in the sacrum, as if it were bruised or very weak, 
as after confinement. 

Sacrum painful as if bruised, worse when moving than when at rest. 

In the morning, in bed, pain in the sacrum and knees, as if 
beaten and bruised, mixed with a drawing pain and neither diminished 
nor increased by change of position or by rest or movement. 

Pain as if bruised in the sacrum by bending very much forwards 
and backwards, but more by the former (aft. 4 h.). 
770. Pain in the pel vie region as if dislocated, on the slightest movement. 

Tearing in the loins, 

Drawing pain going up from the loins into the back, combined 
with a paralytic stifFness. 

Immediately after the (evening) meal, aching pain in the loins up 
the spine, which causes anxiety (aft. i h.J. - 

(In the morning) immediately after drinking, a somewhat aching 
pain in the loins towards the spme, thereafter the pain presses upon 
the hypochondrìa, as if flatulence were displaced (aft. 36 h.). 
775. Dragging and tearing in the bottom of the back when walking 
and sitting, not when lying. 

Dragging tearing backache. 

Drawing pain in the back. 

In the afternoon, a drawing in the back from the nape downwards 
(when sitting) and at the same time a violent pain like clawing in 
the scrobiculus cordis, so that she must sit in a bent position. 

Prawing tearing pain in the back (aft. 1 h.) 


70. Bumin^ tearìng backache. 

Contractive, as it were constrictive backache, 

StifFness of the back (aft. some h.) . 

Aching pain in the spinai vertebrae (aft. i h.). 

Bruised pain in the back -, on touching and pressing on it more 
pain fui, as if congested with blood. 
785. Pain asif bruised in thedorsal and abdominal muscles, even when 
touched (aft. 30 h.). 

Pain in one scapula, as if sprained. 

Painful feeling in the scapulae, as from over-exertion and spraining. 

Betwixt the scapulae, shooting when moving and breathing. 

Single stitches betwixt the scapulae, first per se^ then aggravated 
by breathing. 
790. Persistent burning shooting pain betwixt the scapulae. 

Drawing pain as if bruised betwixt the scapulae^ especially when 
stooping forwards. 

Constrictive pain betwixt the scapulae; 

Pain on moving the head betwixt the scapulas and in the nape 
(aft. 1 h.). 

A pain betwixt the scapulae as if bruised and drawing, especially 
when stooping forwards. 
795. On the last cervical vertebra a pain, as if the flesh were torn 
away, he cannot evcn bear his shirt to touch it. [ff^e.] 

Cracking of the cervical vertebrae on moving the head (aft. 3 h.). 

The joints of the cervical vertebrae are painftil. 

Drawing pain in the nape. 

A drawing pain and as if a weight lay on the nape, in the 
800. Stiirness on the right side of the nape, as if in the night his head 
had lain in a wrong position. \_ff^e,'] 

(In the evening) tearìng pain in the nape in flts (aft. 

2 hX 

rain as if bruised in the nape on moving (stooping) and on 
touching (aft. 6 h.). 

The left side of the cervical muscles is swollen and painful when 
the head is moved, as if the tendons were too short and would not 

In the shoulder-joint and scapula, pain like a bruise on moving 
the head sideways towards the opposite side. 
805. In the shoulder-joint, pain as if bruised, on account of which he 
cannot raise his arm. 

In the evening, in bed, pain in the left shoulder-joint, when he 
lies on the opposite side, as if the ligaments were torn, which goes off 
when he lies on the painful side (aft. 48 h.) . 

In the morning, about 3 a.m.,an indescribable pain in the joint of 
the shoulder on which he lies^ which goes off gradually after 
turning, with general perspiration (aft. 16 h.). 

Pain in the shoulder-joint, as if paralysed and the whole arm 
heavy and tired^ when sitting as well as when walking ; after moving 
a little he cannot keep his arm up. 


Pain as if fatigued by work or bruised in the shoulder-joint, when 
on walking in the open air the arms hang down (aft. 4 d.). 
810. Drawing pain in the head of the humerus. 

Rheumatic pain in the right shoidder and deltoid musde. [ff^r] 

In the head of the shoulder and arm sensation of warmth here 
and there. 

On both deltoid muscles a burning painful spot, which also feels 
hot to the touch. 

Itching miliary rash on the arms ; smarting after being rubbed. 
815. Feeling as if the arms were asleep, but without prìclding, followed 
by sensation of contraction. 

Pain in the arm preventing movement (aft. 24 h.). 

Lassitude of the arms. 

After good sleep, she is very tired on rising in the morning ; arms 
(and legs) are painful as if she had slept on a hard bed (after sitting 
quietly for half an hour she feels quite strong again). 

On extending the arms a darting into the fingers like a spasm and 
pricks like needles. [fPe.] 
820. Weight and weariness of arms (and legs) in the afternoon. 

Sensation of a sndden powerlessness of the arms (and 
legs) in the morning (aft. 12 h.). 

Drawing pain in the arm. 

Upward drawing pain in the arm with paralytic stiiRiess. 
Going to sleep of the arms, at night (aft. 4 h.). 
825* Contractive aching pain in the elbow. 

After midnight (about 2 a. m.) a boring pain in the elbow when 
she lies on the opposite side (aft. 60 h.). 
Fatigue of the forearms. 
Paralytic out-pressing pain in the middle of the right foreann. 

On the inner side of the left forearm the muscles are swoUen 
and painful as if burnt. [^^.] 
830. On the inner side of the right forearm a tetter but without itch- 
ing, lasting fourteen days. [ff^e,] 

Drawing pain in the forearm, with stitch in the fingers (aft. ^ h.). 

After the noonday siesta, a weakness of the forearms and hands 
as if they were almost paralysed (aft. 2 h.). 

Every morning, or every alternate morning, after rising ftom bed, 
the forearm as far as the band is asleep, as if lifeless (dead) with 
coldness and yet with distended blood-vessels (aft. 4 d.). 

In the right wrist-joint, pain as if dislocated on moving and 
exerting the hand. 
835. (Upward) drawing pain, first in the hand, then in the elbow-joint 
(aft. 3h.J. 

Ooing to sleep (dying away) of the hands. 

A drawing shooting in the external protuberance of the right 
wrist, in the evening before going to sleep. 

Cramp-like contraction of the palm which cannot be flattened 
out without pain (aft. 12 h.). 

On walking in the open air, first a pain in the nape, which 


then extended into the wrìst-joint,a paralytic pain as from weakness ; 
he had no power of grasping fìrmiy ; going off in the evening when 
lying in bed. 
840. He had no power to write wich the hand. 

The hands are easily chilled and he must wrap them up. 

Cold hands.^ [Consbruch, 1. e] 

Quite early in the morning, heat in the hands, which he endeavours 
to cover up, for if they get cool he has intolerable pains in them 
(aft. 12, 64 h.). 

Cold, damp hands, with cold nose tip. 
845. Cool perspiration of the inner surfàce of the hands. 

Sweat on the inner surface of the hands. 

While walkin? in the open air great perspiration of the inner 
sur&ce of the hands. 

(Hands often dark red, full of distended blood-vessels.) 

Pale swelling of the hands and fìngers (aft. ao h.). 
850. A buming on the back of the hands. 

Twitching shooting pain backwards in the direction of the thumb 

Burning in the ball of the thumb when lying down after dinner 
(aft. I h.). 

Hot swelling of the thumb painful to the touch, which at the 
joint turns into an abscess. 

The thumb is apt to become dislocated when moved. 
855. Drawing pain in the fìngers up and down. 

Itchine on the fìnger joints. 

In mild weather the fìngers are in parts red and frozen with 
burning itching in them, especially when he comes into a warm 
room or into bed. 

Pain of the fìnger joints, as after severe work and as if the 
tendons were too short. 

Going to sleep of the fìngers, with night sweat. 
86o. Spasmodic contraction of the fìngers when yawning. 

After midnight, in bed, cramp in the fìngers. 

In the right natis pain as if the flesh were torn away, [Fr. H^n.] 

On the nates, itching eroding pimples. 

In the rìght hip-joint, burning. 
865. In the hip-joint shooting as from dislocation. 

Twitching in the hip-joint, before dinner. 

Quite early in the morning a frequent shooting twitching from 
the reet upwards towards the hips, when lying on the back, which 
goes off when he lies on the paìnless side (aft. 5 h.). 

Heaviness in the right thigh, so that he cannot properly raise the 
leg. [Fr. H—n.] 

Twitching in the muscles of the thigh. 
870. Feeling of twitching, as if a thread were pulled, on the side of 
the right thigh. 

Frequent twitching and quivering in the flesh of the thigh. 

A drawing pain out of the abdomen through the thighs (aft. 48 h.). 

' See S. 1206, and note there. 


A down-drawing sensation in the thighs. 

A paralytic drawing in the muscles of the thigh and the calf, 
painful when walking. 
875. When fatigued, tearing pain in the thigh extending into the 

In the head of the thigh to below the knee a paralytic pain when 
walking (aft. 2 h.). 

In the thigh a painful stretching ; it feels too short. 

In the posterìor muscles of the thigh a bruised pain, worst when 
rising from a seat. 

In the flesh of the thigh, pain as after great exertion ; also 
bruised pain when touched. 
880. In the middle of the thigh, in the muscles^ pain as ìf bruised, 
when walking (aft. i h.). 

The muscles of the thigh and the knees are painftil as if bruised, 
worse when moving than when at rest ; the pain is also increased by 

On the thigh, boils with violent shooting pain (aft. 24 h.). 

On the back of the thigh, boils (aft. 12^ 30 h.). 

On the front of the thigh, a boil (aft. 6 h.). 
885. On treading and walking a burning shooting ftom the sacrum 
through the thighs. 

While walking an itching on the thighs. 

Itching on the left thigh and foot, especially in the evening when 
he gets into bed. [ff^e.^ 

A burning itching miliary rash on both thighs during the 

Eroding; a smarting itching pain on the thigh and over the knee, 
in the evening after lying down in bed, which is not removed by 
890. At night coldness of the thighs ; they do not get warm even in 

After midnight, sweat on the thighs and calves. 

Tearing and shooting pain a little above and below the knee, in 
the evening (aft. 36 h.). 

r Weakness in the right lower extremity, when walking in the 
open air. 

Tottering and unsteadiness of the lower eztremitieB 

(aft. 2 h.). 
895. The child often Ms when walking. 

After good sleep, she is venr tired on rising in the moming; 
(arms and^ legs are painful, as if she had slept on a hard bed (after 
sitting quietly for half an hour her strength is restored) . 

Heaviness and fatigue of legs (and arms), in the afternoon, 
especially when going up hill. 

The legs are not able to support the body ; he must He down. ' 

Sensation of sudden powerlessness of (arms and) legs, in 
the moming (aft. 12 h.). 

900. From the morning onwards, heaviness and fatigue of the lower 
extremities, so that they ar^ painful when walking. 


Heaviness of the legs compels him to sit down. 

Her legs feel as if beaten. 

While sitting at dinner the lower extremities go to sleep. 

Tottering and knuckling of the knees. 

905. The knees readily knuckle under when moving (aft. i h.). 

Knees sometìmes so weak, that they cannot support the body. 

TrembUng of the knees and of one foot. 

Trembling of one knee and foot^ along with an eager and even 
agreeable tension of the mind, fbr several evenings, when standing. 

After walking in the open air a twitching in the houghs, when 

910. When rising up from a seat, sensation in the houghs 
as if they were toc short. 

Stiffiiess and tension in the hough, especially after standing 
(aft, 2 h.) . 

In both patellae a tensive pain as from a fatiguing journey, on 
going up stairs, worse in the morning. 

Disagreeable sensation in the knee-joint on walking, as if the 
synovial fluid were deficient and it would crack. 

Only in the day time pain in the knees, as if they were bruised, 
when moving and when at rest. 
915. Painftil swelling on the knee. 

On the knee a miliary burning itching eruption. 

Itchine in the houghs in the morning ; he must scratch. 

A kind of small boi! on the knee that makes the whole leg stifF. 

Spasmodic drawing in the legs. 
920. Going to sleep of the leg when sitting and standing, and when 
she touches it with the other leg, shooting in it. 

Sensation in the leg as if asleep, but without prickling, followed 
by a sensation of contraction. 

The leg goes to sleep after sitting, when walking and standing 
(aft. 18 h.). 

Tearing pain in the left leg as far as the toes^ in the afternoon 
(aft. 7 h.). 

Tearing pain in the ulcer on the leg, when the open air comes in 
contact with it ; which goes ofF when it is protected from the air by 
beine covered up (aft 4, 20 h.). 
925. Inflammatory redness round the ulcer on the leg when walking 
and durìng other movement. 

Itching of the lee at some distance from the ulcer. 

The calves and reet ep to sleep in the morning. 

By the contact of coTd air, shooting in the calf as if the leg had 
been asleep (aft. 2 h.). 

An aching on the side of the calf. 
930. In the morning, when rising from bed, an aching on the outside 
of the calf as if cramp would come on, on two mornings (aft. 


Cramp-like pain in the calves. 

Cramp of the calf in the evening m bed^ on extending the limb 
(aft. 24 h.). 


Cramp of the calf in the morning in bed, on bending the limb 
(aft. 32 h.). 

Cramp of the calf after midnight, in bed, when he draws up and 
flexes the leg (aft. 4 h.). 

935- Tensive ]pain in the calves. 

A formication in the calves after walking in the open air. 

A fixed, pricking burning pain on a small spot on the tibia 
(aft. ih.). 

A formication ftom the feet upwards. 

Pain in the ankle-ioints, only when moving and walking, as if she 
had taken a long walk ; the tendons pain as if stretched and as if 
they were too short. 
940. Tendency to dislocation of the ankle-joint and bending under 
him when walking (aft. 4 h.). 

In the morning after rising, when walking, pain in the ankle- 
joint as if dislocated and sprained; he cannot step without great pain, 
which goes up into the leg (aft. 16 h.). 

In the ankle tearing (after the noonday siesta) (aft. 2 h.). 

A drawing and shooting in the right outer ankle, in the evening 
before going to sleep. 

Spasmodic contraction of the right foot. 

945- Ooing to sleep (dying away) of the feet. 

Quite early in the morning, beat in the feet^ which he seeks 
to cover up, because when they get cool he has intolerable pain in 
them (aft. 12, 64 h.). 

In the morning, swelling of the foot (whose leg is the seat of an 

Swelling of the dorsum of the foot. 

Frequently during the day, when she has been seated and wishes 
to get up, she gets a cramp in the soles, she must stretch out the 
foot to relieve herself and run, in order that it may go off by move- 
ment ; at night she cannot go to sleep on account of painful cramp 
in the soles, which occurs as soon as she draws up the feet and 
bends the legs. 
950. Painful, cramp-like contraction of the soles when the legs are 
bent, which goes ofF on stretching out the legs. 

In the soles, burning pain. 

When lying, after dinner^ tearing in the soles (preceded by a 
burning in the thumb-balls) (^ft. i h.). 

In the soles, stitches. 
' Single stitches in the heel (aft. 2 h.). 
955. A dull numb pain (numbness) in the heel^ as after a high leap. 

(Pain in the heel when treading as if excoriated from walking, 
worst when she treads on a stone.) 

Pain as if the shoe were too tight and pinched, and as if the soles 
were tired and sore from walking. 

On the side of the foot and toes, as also in the upper part of the 
toes, pain like burning and as if the shoe pinched, in the evening 
(aft. 36 h.). 

Pain of the corns on the toes, like a wound or^boil (aft. 4, 16 h.). 



960. Violent pain on a chilblain in summer, as from great cold^ a kind 
of throbbing in it (immediately) . 

Pain at the root of the toe-nails when he knocks or merely 
touches them — as ìf thev would ulcerate. 

An itchìiijB^ buming on fhe toes, as if fhey had been 

firOBt-bitten^ in warm weather^ especially when he comes into a 
warm room, or into bed. 

On the toes itching, as if the limbs were frost-bitten (aft. 
I h.). 

Going to sleep of both the big toes (immediately). 
965. Spasmodic pain in the rìght big toe (when at rest), which, however, 
soon went off. [JVeJ] 

Spasmodic contraction of the toes, when yawning. 

After midnight, in bed, cramp of the toes. 

(The pains increase in the evening from 8 to 9. o'dock, until they 
become intolerable.) 

(Sensitiveness of the skin of the whole bodv, as if it were sore ; 
on touching it, it feels as if that part of tne skin had gone to 
970. Old wounds that were healed became again painful, like soreness 

Eruptions cause itching burning. 

Itching eruptions. [Wiel, 1. c.j 

(Smarting) itching here and there, especially in the most external 
parts of the CKxly, limbs and joints, in the evening after lying down 
(aft. 4 h.). 

Burning itching ali over the body. 
975. In the evening in bed, a burning itching ali over the body. 

Buming itching on the upper arms, thighs, abdomen and back, 
in the moming while dressing, in the evening while undressing, and 
even at night. 

A buming pricking here and there on the body. 

Here and there burning shooting or stitches which end in a 

A buming itching pricking (like needle-prìcks) here and there 
in the skin, as ftom fleas^ in the evening after lying down (aft. 

980. Buming itching pricks on difFerent parts of the body. [We^ 
Single stitches on the afiècted parts from time to time. 
Here and there on the body, single coarse stitches combined with 
a sore pain. 

Stitches, like twitching, in various parts, so that the 
whole body is shaken by them ; they dart as it were 
throQgh the whole body (aft. 4 h.) . 

In thè evening in bed, twitching in the limbs. 
985. Trembling (aft. 2 h.). 

Trembling of the limbs and palpitation of the heart (aft. 1 h^.)* 
In the moming trembling sensation through the whoiè body. 
Stiffhess of the limbs with twitching. 
Tension and stiffness in the limbs (aft. 8, 16 h.). 
TOL. n. 17 



990. Stiffness in almost ali parts of the body. [SfiUTTE&y^ Diss, di 
nuce vom.y L. B. 1691.] 

Peculiar stifFness of ali the limbs, especially of the knees, with 
tension. [Veckoskrift^ 1. e] 

Tetanus drawing him backwards, oft rccurring for a minute at 
a time. [Consbruch, 1. e] 

Spasmodic movements. {Veckoikrìft^ 1, e] 

Convulsions. [Matthiolus, 1. e,] 
995. Tensive pain in the limbs, early in the morning, with ftufiied 
nose (aft. io h.). 

Diminished mobility of ali the joints* 

Violent contractìve, paixiftQ sensation throiigh the 
whole body. 

Along with a painful contractive sensation through the whole 
body, a weariness in the lower extremities, so that he can scarcely 
drag them along. 

Sudden attack \ the body is spasmodically contracted ùdeways, 
with fruitless attempts to keep himself uprìght with bis handf \ then 
vomiting, and involuntary rapid discharge of stool and urine^ with 
perfect consciousnese. 

I ODO. A sensation in the muscles of the limbs, back, MapnlsB, 
ftc, aa if Bomething within drew to and èro, more spas- 
modic than painftil. 

Twitching and quivering in the limbs under the skin. 

Ali the joints are more painful during movement than when 

n stili, after midnight (aft. 6 h.). 
ain in ali the joints as if bruised, when movtng (aft. 4 h.). 

Ali her limbs are weary. 
1005. Gone-to-sleep feeling and insensibility (numhness)' of almost ali 
parti of the body. [Seutter^ 1. e] 

Pain in ali tne limbs as if bruised and beaten ali over. 

In the morning, isi bed (on displacement of the flatulenoe deep 
down in the hypogastrìum under the os ilii), a pain of die joints 
and of the shafts between them, as if bruised, both of which go off 
after rising (aft. 20 h.)* 

In the moming, in bed, the longer he lies the more painful are 
ali bis limbs, especially the joints, as if bruised and beaten, which, 
however, goes off after rising from hed (aft. 18 h.}. 

Quite early in the morning, in bed, a paia as if bruised in the 
jcnnts of the side she lies on, which goes off after turning round 
the body, but while lying stili gradually returns on the side on which 
she is now, but it goes off completely by rising from bed (aft. 30 h.). 
loio. Simple pain as if bruised, combined with a kind of tearìng sensa- 
tion in ali the joints on which he does not lie, whidi is only relieved 
and goes off by turning so as to lie on the painful side, whereupon 
the pain soon begins on the side that was previously unafiected; 
hence it is necessary to turn frequently in bed. 

> From a mixture of nux vomica and gentian giren to a girl in ftver. 
^ The phrase in the originai is *'stupor*** 


Attack, after midnight; she has formication on the hands and 
feet, this rìses, with beat in the face, up to the heart (in the scrobi- 
culus cordis), as if it burnt and acbed there ; it then mounts to the 
throat i she feels ili and anxious ; thence it comes into the head ; 
she feds stupid in the head and has ringing in the ears. 

Attack, in the evening s it rises to the heart ; he feels ili and 
anxious; he trembles and he must rest bis head bent forwards 
on the table (aft. 4 d.). 

Sudden attack soon after dinner ; paleness of face ; a nausea rises 
up from the scrobiculus cordis ; he becomes anxious ali over, with 
trembling and slight tremor through the whole body, with increasing 
exhaustion, so that he must lie down (aft. 8 d.). 

When walking quickly in the open air congestion towards ber 
head ; she fèels destitute ot thinking power^ must remain standing, the 
blood rushed to the heart, the upper part of the windpipe contracted, 
she had sparks of fire before the eyes ; she did not see where she was. 
1015. In tbie morning, in the open air, ber eyes became ali at once 
staring ; she lost consciousness and feeling, as in an attack of syncope, 
but anly for a moment. 

Great exhaustion after enjoying the open air, and sensation in 
the left foot as if it ivere stiff (aft. 6 h.). 

A morning walk in the open air causes extraordinary fatigue. 

Great &tigue of the whole body during a waJk in the open air 
(aft. 28 h.}. 

After a walk in the open air very sad an() uncommonly tired. 
1020. Exhaustion after a walk in the open air, in the evening.l 

Oreat «zhuiuition and relaxation of ali the limbs after 
eigcgring the open air (aft. 8 h.). 

Great wearìness. 

During the slightest exercise, immediately weariness. 
Staggerìng gait, with fear of &Uing. [Veckoskiifty 1. e] 
1025. WoOmess and staggering of the legs, he must sit down. [Rade- 

MACHER, 1. e] 

Great weàkness of the limbs, so that he ca^not stand on bis feet. 


Weàkness in ali the limbs, especially after goinff up stairs. [^.] 
Sudden sinking of the strength. [Matthiolus^ 1. e] 

8he becomes thinner. 

1030* Heaviness in the arms and legs, so that she cannot lift either. 

Sensation of sudden, as it were paralytic powerlessness in ali the 
limbs, even when sitting, but mostly when moving (aft. i h.). 
Qualmishness about the heart. 

Attack of syncope in the evening (about 8 or 9 p. m.) while 
1035. In the afternoon great weàkness with loss of appetite. 
Great desire to sit down (after 6 h.). 

The painB are relieved by lyii]^ down* 

Desire to lie down \ he cannot remain up. 
In the forcnoon desire to lie down. [/^.] 


1040. In the morning desire to lie down again. 

Great dislike to get up in the morning, without knowing why (aft. 
12 b.). 

Oreater weariness in the morning after rising than 
in the evening when he went to bed. 

SleepinesB not until the momingy after day dawn. 

Sleepiness (aft. ih.). 
1045. She is always inclined to yawn and go to sleep in the daytime, so 
thal she could not keep awake. 

Uncommon drowsiness by dav^ as from stupefaction of the head. 

When walking in the open air, first drowsiness, then palpitation 
of the heart and great anxiety, with swelling of the blood-vessels of 
the hands, without heat (aft. 36 h.). 

Before dinner (about 11 a. m.) inclination to sleep. 

After eating, almost irresistible sleepiness, for several hours (aft. 

5 M- 

1050. He dreams and speaks aloud in the noonday sleep. [We.'] 

Late of going to sleep in the evening (aft. 2 h.). 

He falls asleep late in the evening, kept awake by great afflux of 

Sleeplessness until midnight, with feeling of heat without thirst 
(aft. 12 h.). 

At night great restlessness without pain. 
1055* At night restlessness in the arms, which he must at one dme 
cover up at another uncover. 

In the evening, after lying down in bed, a restlessness and anxiety, 
so that he must always draw up and then stretch out the limbs (aft. 

Before midnight restlessness in the lower extremities, an almost 
voluptuous, agreeable, but intolerable sensation in them, which 
prevents him going to sleep, constantly wakes him up when he 
wishes to go to sleep, and compels him to draw up and stretch out his 
legs alternately. 

Very sweet, almost nnconquerable slomber till late 
in the morning (aft. 20 h.). 

In the morning hard to waken. 
1060. He can pnly sleep before midnight, from 11 to i o'clock, he then 
wakes up and must get up at 3 o'clock. 

Great sleepiness with yawning, in the evening, two hours before 
the usuai time for sleep \ in bed he goes to sleep immediately, lies 
awake for a long time after midnight, then sleeps until late in the 
morning, with vivid dreams full of events of the previous day, and in 
the morning he will not get up from bed. 

When goixìg to sleep he staxts up in affiight. 

Starting at night in sleep and by day when awake. 
Frìghtened starting in sleep so that he does not awake to full 
1065. At the slightest noise he wakes with a start. 

In the afternoon siesta a start and jerk through the whole body, 
like an electrìc shock ; as though he would fdXì to the ground. 


(In the evening slumber he leaps out of bed in a delirìous 

(Anxious delirìous phantasies, in the evening in bed (about 9 p.m.), 
as if some one were coming into bed beside him^ and there is no room, 
his bed has been sold, &c.) 

He often wakes up at night, and cannot readi]y go again to sleep, 
if he does sleep^ he dreams verv vivid dreams, 

1070. Frightfol viflionB in ms dreams, causing fear. 

At night, when half-awake, sad phantasies ; e.g. of trunkless 
heads of deceased acquaintances. 

She cannot sleep at night, and when she slumbers a bit she has 
frightfìil dreams, which wake her up ; she remains awake for hours, 
and when she again ^Is asleep she has other frìghtful dreams and on 
waking knows what she has dreamt. 
Frìghtful delirìous ravings at night. 
Dreams that excite horror {e.g. of wild beasts). 
1075. Dreams of diseased or maimed human beings. 

Wakes up at night from horrìble dreams (aft. io h.). 
Dreams of lice and vermin. 
Dreams that ali his teeth fell out of his mouth. 
Dreams of business matters that require the greatest atten- 
1080. Disa^reeable dreams about things that had happened or been 
talked oì the previous dajr. 

Quite early in the morning (about 4 a. m.) an anxious whining 
talking in sleep, followed by discharge of flatus (aft. io h.). 
Verv anxious dreaming and weeping in sleep. 
Early waking with apprehensiveness. 

On waking in the morning anxiety with ebullition of the blood 
and depression of spirìts, which both go off when he gets up. 
1085. Groanine whining in sleep. 

In his sleep before midnight, mutterìng of incomprehensible 
words, sometimes in peevish or complaining tone. 

At night half-waking dreams, accompanied with fatiguing 
thoughts (aUt. a few h.). 

His sleep is unquiet and full of cares. 

IndiflFerence to cruel lacerations and mutilations witnessed in a 
dream (aft. 6 h.). 
1090. The night seems to htm to be very long and tedious, with a 
kind of soporous stupefaction (coma), with dreams full of urgent 

When asleep he generally lies on his back, with one or other arm 
clevated and laid under the head. 

Lying at night on the back with one or both arms stretched 
above the head ; he talks in his sleep and wakes up between 2 and 
3 a. m. 

In his sleep he lies on his back with head thrown back, the arms 
above the head, so that his hands lie under his nape. 

In his sleep he always trìes to lie on his back and with his head 
as low as possible (aft 36 h.}. 


1095. Before midnight in sleep snoring inspiration, as if the posterìor 
orifìces of bis nose or the soft palate were contraeteci and narrowed. 

Loud snorting breathing in sleep before midnight. 

Loud blowing and whistling expiration through the nose in sleep 
(aft. 4 h.). 

In the morning in bed he does not feel well ^ he fears to get up, 
at if over-tired by a long walk, which went off on rìsing. [^.] 

Very convulsive stretchine and straining.^ [Bergius, 1. e] 
II 00. Much yawning and stretching, in the afternoon. [Fg,] 

Very n-equent stretching and straining which seems to do her 
good. [ff^e.'] 

In the morning uncommon stretching of the limbs and yawning, 
and after the stretching a spasmodic pain in the limbs, especially the 

In the morning in bed a stretching with arms extended outwards, 
which seems to bave its origin in the abdomen. 

Long attack of continued yawning, which leaves great exhaustion 
(aft. I h.). 

II 05. Whilst yawningy in the mòming, the eyós fili with 
water and weep. 

In the morning, immediately after rising from bed, yawning (aft. 
16 h.). 

In the morning, immediately after yawning, headache. 

Yawning which excites coughing. 

In the morning after rising (and drinking) diarrhceic stGk>l, then 
exhaustion, yawning, drowsiness, chilliness, confusion of the head — 
then refreshmg sleep (aft. 18 h.). 
Ilio. After the stretching and yawning sf^asmodic pains in the limbs, 
with chilliness and inward tremor. 

During the yawning, shivering. 

After the shivering, sleep, followed by shivering and coldness of 
the toes (aft. 16 h.). 

After lying down, in the evening, chili over the back and arms 
(but not the hands) (aft. 3 h.). 

In the evening in bed she is chilly before going to sleep and when 
she wakes, it is as though she could not get warm in bed ; not during 
the day. 
1115. At night tossing about and coldness, that is not dispelled by the 
beat of the bed. 

He cannot get warm in bed at night. 

Violent chilliness in bed at night, but towards morning sweat 
preceded by formication in the skin. 

In the morning in bed excessive rigor, without externally 
perceptible coldness, for half an hour ; followed by cramp-ìike con- 
traction of the toes and soles. 

In the morning chilly feeling in the back and limbs, with pain- 
fulness of the skin as from exposure to cold and a sensation of going 
to sleep in the limbs, such as is caused by cold weather. 

* The orìgioaJ has ** ttretchings " only. 


1 120. In the morning cold feet. 

In the morning shiverìng and shudderìng. 
In the morning after rìsing chilliness^ for several successive days. 
In the afternoon sudden coldness either of the arms and hands or 
of the legs and feet, which is not dispelled by any movement. 

After drinkinff, immediately shivering and chilIineBB. 

1125. After vexation, chilliness in the rack and heaviness of the lower 

Chilliness on the slightest movement (aft. i h.). 

From the sliehtest movement shivering ali over the body, but 
not when Ijring stili. 

On the slightest exposure to the open air shiverìng and chilliness 
for an hour (with pain in the back) (aft. i h.). 

On the least exposure to the open air chili and toothache, like 
fine or fine burning stitches. 
II 30. He dreads to go into the open air (aft. | h.). 

By the slightest draught of^air he ^sts chilled (disagreeable feeling 
in the skin, bellyache, &c.) (aft. a fevir h.). 


He cannot get warm. 

Great coldness not removed by the beat of the stove nor by bed 
1135. Coldness of ali the body, with blueness of the skin (aft. i h.). 

Coldness of ali the body, with blue hands, without goose-skin. 

The temperature of the body is diminished ali over the body (he 
loses beat). 

Severe chilliness with chatterìng of the teeth. 

Sensation of cold nmning over the face. 
1140. Sensation of cold about the head from time to time. 

(Coldness) chilly sensation on the hce and head. 

Chilliness on the feet as if sprìnkled with cold water, with 

Great coldness, at least of the limbs, without thirst. 

Chili vnthout thirst. 
1145. Thirst for small beer durìng the shiverìng (aft 2 h.). 

Durìng the chili thirst for beer (aft. 24 h.). 

An attack as of fever : shiverìng and drawins; in the limbs, as 
if proceeding from pain in the sacrum. while lyins m slumber, durìng 
the noonday siesta — not foUowed by fieat, and without thirst. 

An attack as of fever : at nignt (at 2 a.m.) intolerable drawing 
pain through thighs and legs, so tnat he could not compose himsel^ 
with thirst. 

Noctumal febrile attack (at 3 a. m.) ; before the chili intolerable 
drawing pain through thighs and legs, compelling him to draw them 
up and stretch them out ^ternately. 
1150. Without thirst and without sensation of beat, indeed, even durìng 
recurrence of the chillv feeling, violent beat of the body and redness 
of cheeks^ except the nands, net, and hairy scalp, which are cold. 

Fever in the afternoon or evening; after the beat chili and 


During the external or internai beat, at the same time chilliness 
and great exhaustion, which, especially in the afternoon, compel him 
to lie down and cover himself with the bedclothes, or at least put on 
warm clothes. 

In the morning (about 6 a.m.) chili, occasionali/ combined with 
general beat and beads of perspiration on the forehead j then towards 
evening (6 p. m.) again chili. 

In the evening redness of cheeks and beat of hands with cold fèet 
and recurrence of the shivering. 
1155. Sensation of beat of face, with shiver on the rest of the body. 

Heat of face with coldness of the lower parts of the body. 

Smalt intermitting pulse. [Hufeland.] 

Vanishing pulse, with perfect consciousness.^ [Consbruch, 1. e] 

After coldness ot the feet dry heat of face. 
II 60. Wbilst thcre is inward heat of head there is chili on the outside 
of the head. 

Hot cheeks with internai chilliness. 

Redness of cheeks with heat in head and chilliness on the rest of 
the body (aft. 6 h.). 

In the evening red face with shivering and coldness of limbs and 
thirst for beer. 

First shivering then heat, causing anxiety ; afterwards thirst for 
1 165. Fé ver towards evenine (6 p. m.) ; chilliness with intermediate 
attacks of heat, recurring tne following day at the same hour. 

At night, along with external chilliness, sensation of internai 
heat, with dryness of mouth but horror of drinks. 

Afternoon fever : chili and coldness for four hours, with blue 
nails; then general heat and burning in the hands, with thirst 
at first for water, afterwards for beer, not followed by perspira- 

In the evening before lying down chili, but when in bed heat 
of head and face. 

After lying down in the evening strong chili, and sleep for an 
hour, then heat with headache, roaring in the ears and nausea (aft. 
12 h.). 
II 70. After lying down in the evening trembling and chilliness — then 
some heat in the face (aft. 2 h.). 

In the morning unusual heat, with thirst for water (aft. 12 h.). 

Attack of heat of the whole body, without redness of cheeks, with 
beads of sweat on the forehead and anxiety. 

Febrile heat more inwardly; she felt as if steam and smoke 
exbaled from the throat ; at the same time she drank a great deal. 

Quite early, in bed, an intolerable sensation of heat either of the 
whole body, or especially in the cheeks, hands and feet, particularly 
in the palms and soles, for which he seeks with avidity for coolness 
(throwing off the clothes and lying in cold parts of the bed), biit he 
cannot bear it, sometimes on account of a feeling of illness in the 

' See S, i2o6f and note there. 


Khole body, sometimes on account'of a momentarily occurring 
pinching or cutting in the abdomen. 
II 75. After lying down in the evening heat in the face, inner surface 
of the hands and feet. 

External heat with red cheeks and sensation of anxious, intolerable 
inward heat (in spite of which he covers himself up carefully) j the 
mouth is filli of saliva, and although the lips are dry, no thirst, or 
only a semblance of thirst ; he wishes to drink and yet rejects ali 
fluids ; he does not relish drinks ; — sleeplessness during the heat ; he 
lays his arms under bis head ; after the heat thirst for beer. 

At night heat without thirst and almost without sweat. [Fg,] 

At night anxiety; in his sleep he threw off the bedclothes. 

Violent thirst. [Matthiolus, 1. e] 
1180. About midnight in bed, dry heat without thirst. 

Along with heat and ftill quick pulse, desire to go to bed, and 

Inward heat, increasing eveiy hour, with full pulse, without thirst ; 
— then sleeplessness (aft. 8, 16 h.). 

In the morning, when walkine in the open air, increasing heat 
with full pulse, without thirst ; — then sleeplessness (aft. 8, 16 h.). 

In the morning, when walking in the open air, heat of the face 
and of the whole body (aft. 48 h.). 
1 185. While walking, transient heat of the face more frequently than 

Transient heat when moving. 

Transient rednesB and neat of cheeks on the slightest 
movement and exertion. 

Sensation of heat in the face, without externally perceptible 
increase of temperature. 

Redness of cheeks in the morning after waking. 
1190. Heat on the head in the evening. 

Transient heat of the face towards evening (aft. 48 h.). 

Heat of face in the morning after rising from bed, with consti- 
pation and rumbling of flatulence in the abdomen (aft. 24 h.). 

Red, hot cheeks, without thirst. 

Heat of the face, in the evening in bed, and restless sleep before 
midnight (aft 8 d.) . 

1195. Sensation of bnming inward heat through the whole 

Dody (aft. 6, 12 h.). 

rerspiration for two days (aft. 16 h.). 

(When lying in bed and when walking quickly, ready perspiration.) 

(Perspiration when moving about in the room.) 

(Perspiration in the room, going off in the open air) (aft. 72 h.). 
1200. Clammy perspiration on the forehead when walking in the open air. 

Sweat on the afFècted side of the face^ during the semilateral 

Profuse perspiration. [Junghauss,^ Diss. de nuce vomica^ Hai., 

^ General statement of effect of nux vomica on patients. 


ni-smelling perspiration ali night. [Fr. H — «.] 
Foetid perspiration. [Wiel, 1. e] 
1205. Gold swcat. [Matthiolus, 1. e] 

On the occurrence of cold perspiration ali the pains are allayed. 

[CONSBRUCH,^ 1. e] 

Sweat on one side of the head, scalp and face (aft* io h.). 

Fcetid sweat on the side. 

Ill-smelling sweat on one side. 
12 IO. In the morning when waking and sleepins perspiration, especially 
of the upper parts, then drawing pain in the left siae (aft. 16 h.). 

Quite early in the mornine (at 3 a. m.) perspiration, especially 
under the nose, on the forehead (on the hairy scalp), in the nape, on 
the neck, in the scrobiculus cordis, and between the thighs, with 
anxious feeling of heat and dryness of the tip of the tongue, hard 
palate and lips, without desire for drink. 

After midnight Berspiration. 

In the morning, from 2 a. m., sweat durìng sleep, but on 
awaking (from time to time) only slight transpiration ali over. 

Morning sweat. 

12 15. In the morning in bed, after waking, profuse general sweat (but 
not on the head or face) (aft 3 d.). 

Slight, general perspiration (but not on the face) night and 
morning, smelling like damp (mouldy) Straw. 

Night sweat of a sour smeli. 

In the morning, about 5 o'clock, after waking, she commences to 
perspire, for several mornings. 

Durìng the morning sweat, simple pain of ali the joints he is 
lying on. 
1220. Durìng the morning sweat, inclination to vomit. 

Durìng the morning sweat, on the least exposure, belljrache, as 
from taking cold. 

Under the bed clothes great heat and perspiration, but on sHght 
exposure and letting the air come under the bedclothes, shiverìng. 

After the perspiration chili and then again sweat. 

In the morning on waking, general perspiration, with internai heat 
of face and hands^ without thirst. 
1225. After the morning sweat great thirst for small beer. 

Frequent attacks of perspiration, fbllowed by dry heat. 

Durìng and after great anxiety^ profuse sweat. 

Anxiety which causes perspiration, at least on the forehead. 

Only internai heat, caused by anxiety, followed by sweat on the 
forehead (aft. some h.). 
1230. After the anxiety^ nausea and rapid breathing, then dry cough 
caused bv the nausea, inclination to vomit and vomiting. 

Restlessness with very dilatable pupils (aft. 56 h.). 

In the evening after lying down, anxiety, then after midnight 
perspiration. [/r. H — ».] 

Anxiety ; he cannot remain quiet in any one place. [Fr, H — n. 

^ The immediate precursor of death, with S, 842, 1158, and 1145. 


In the evening when walking, anxiety, oppression and as if he 
were drunk. 
1235. In the morning on waking, and in the afternoon (at 5 p. m.), 
anxiety and anxious solicitude, as if something important were to be 

Anxiety and anguish as if he had committed some crime. 

Great anxiety ; he cannot rest in any place, and would rather 

After midnight very violent palpitation of the heart with extreme 
anxiety, which urges him to commit suicide (aft. 5 h.). 

She deems the pain she sufFers intolerable and will rather take 
her own life. 
1240. Anxiety with impulse to commit suicide. 

(Suicide i she throws herself from a height.) 

Èztraordinary abxiety. 

Great anxiety. [Strandberg, 1. e] 
Extreme anxiety. [F. Hoffmann, 1. e] 
1245. Intolerable anxiety, for an hour.^ [Consbruch, 1. e] 
He fears death. 
She thinks herself near death. 
Wrapped up in sorrow and care. 


1250. (During the sadness she cannot weep.) 

He is apprehensive, ftightened, and readily starts, whilst his head 
is as if intoxicated and giddy. 

On seeing some irritating object she has a shock through the 
legs and through the whole body ; she is almost insensible for an 

Pains are not home without loud whining and lamenting, mixed 
with reproaches and scolding. 

She cannot get over the smallest evil. 

1255. Anxious solicitude and inconsolableness, which breaks outin loud 
weeping complaints and reproaches, and sometimes passes into 
continuai groaning, with very hot red cheeks, without thirst. 

Anxious solicitude and irresolution. 

Anxiety from suspicious and timorous solicitude, especially in the 
hours after midnight. 

She groans and sighs in a lamentable manner, without giving any 
reason for doing so. 

He weeps when any one does the slightest thing he dislikes. 
1260. She is disposed to weep peevishly. 

She weeps aloud and sobs (aft. 3 h.). 

She cannot bear the least contradiction, nor sufFer the most 
resonable representations to induce her to alter her conduct ; they 
put her beside herself. 

He is peevishly solicitous, takes everything amiss, and readily 
breaks out into scolding and abuse (aft. 2, 3 h.) . 

She Ì0 much disposed to scolding crossness. 

^ See note to S. lao^. 


1265. Angry peevìshness^ angry dispositìon (aft. i h.). 

Very mach given to reproach otliers severely for 
fheir &nlt8. 

Scolding, reproaches, abuse, jealous invectives, mixed with 
indelicate expressions — then soon bowling and loud weeping. 

Scolding humour developing into acts. 

He obstinately opposes what othcrs wish (aft. i h.). 
1270. He is hasty, looks malignanti^ at any one who asks him anjrthing, 
without answerìng, just as if he must control himself in order to 
avoid becoming coarse ; it seems as if he would like to strike any one 
in the face who speaks a word to him, so irritable and uncontrollable 
is his disposition. 

He feels everything toc strongly. 

Over-sensitivenesB to impressions of the senses ; he 
cannot bear strong odoura and bright li^ht. 

He cannot bear any noise or speaking; music and 
ftìngiiìg affect him strongly. 

Over tender, soft disposition ; music afFects him to tears. 
1275. The slightest step, and the smallest shaking of the floor is felt by 
her painftilly, intolerably. 

Hypochondrìacal disposition after dinner, and stili more after 

Hypochondrìacal sadness. 
Dejected peevishness. 

He puckers up his forehead in wrìnkles and crosses his 
1280. Quietness, as if everything were disagreeable to him. 

Quietude and wrapped up in himself, slow flow of ideas. 
She seeks rest and quiet. 

Ennui ; time seems to him intolerably long (in the first h.). 
No inclination for any work. 
1285. Lazy about ali undertakings and business; she is immediately 

He has a complete horror of work, and yet does not dislike move- 
ment (aft. 2 h.). 

He dawdles and is irresolute. 

Irresolution, Constant hesitation in his intentions. 
She wishes to do much, but thinks she will not succeed. 
1290. He thinks that everything will go wrong. 

Everything goes wrong with him (everything goes contrary) 
(aft. 6 h.). 

He has no patience for work. [Fg,"] 

He acts awkwardly and stupidly ; he knocks himself or upsets 
things (aft. io h.). 

Something, he knows not what, hinders him, especially in 
scientifìc occupations. 
1295. Indisposition to intellectual occupations; the blood mounts to 
the head — until towards evening. 

In the morning, dread of those literary occupations in which he 
must think for himself and unfold ideas from his own mind in order 


either to commit them to writing or to express them orally ; but 
reading and leaming by heart are not distasteful to hitn (aft. i6 h.). 

He can with difficulty collect bis thoughts. 

Incapable of thinking properly, he often makes mistakes in 
speaking, seeks the words with an enort and makes use of inappropriate 
expressions ; he makes mistakes regarding weights and measures. 

He Ì8 apt to make mistakes in spei^ing and writing, 

leaves out syllables and whole words (aft. 6, 12 h.). 

1300. On account ofan excessive flowofideas he is scarcely conscious^ 
in the morning after rising (aft. io h.). 

Clear consciousness of bis existence s delicate, strong, proper 
feeling of rìght and wrong. 


(Nerium OUandir,) 

(The medicina! power of tkis vegetable does not seem to be rery volatile, and we 
may therefore quite weli employ for medicinal puiposes the freshlv dried and powdered 
leaves maccrated in alcohol so as to form a tincture. But in order to obtain a 
uniformi/ powerful medicine, I prefer to use the CTeen fresh leaves eathered at the 
period or coramencing flowering. One ounce of tnese, cut into smallpieces, is Urst 
put in a mortar, moistened with just enough alcohol, and well pounded, so as to form 
a thick pap, and then the remainder of the alcohol (in ali about an ounce) added in 
order to attenuate the thick mass. The juice is then strained through a linen cloth, 
and allowed to stand for a few days in order to deposit the albumen and fibrous 
matters. After this the clear, dark-green juice is decanted off for use, in the same 
way as is done with sabin^, taxus, thuja, and similar leaves with little juice in them.) 

I bave introduced into our materia medica several new plants and 
parts of plants, and some minerals also, and I flatter myself that 
I bave enriched it with these substances. Among these oleander is a 
new remedy with desirable curative powers^ which are met with in 
no other medicinal agent. 

It will be found to be if not a complete remedy yet an indispensable 
intermediate remedy in some kinds of mental derangements, e,g, absence 
of mind, and in certain kinds of painless paralysis, in eruptions on the 
head, and some external head afFections. The homoeopathic pbysician 
will know how to employ it for other curative purposes from the 
symptoms it produces in healthy persons. 

Hitherto I bave only used the billion-fold attenuation of the above 
juice, but I believe that in order that it may be used without prejudice 
in cases of excessively sensitive patients, it will require to be carried to 
a much bigher potency (and development of its inner power). 

[Hahnemann's fellow.observers were Franz, Cross, Gutmann, Hartmann, 

Symptoms are taken from : 

Abano, Petrus de, De l^enenis. 

Morgagni, De Sedib. et Caus, Morb,, £p. lix. 

The ist edit, has a8 symptoms, the znd and 3rd edit. 351.] 


(While walking in the open air) vertigo, not so as to cause 
staggering and falling ; he stood firmly, but the objects, trees, and 
people seemed to be mixed up among one another, as in a confiised 

\ From voi* i, srd edit> 1830. 


dance, and tbere carne darkness before the eyes with flashing glitter- 
ing (as when dazzied by snow) (aft. 4^ h.). [Zr.] 

Whirling, reeling, [Gn.'] 

When he stands up, and wishes to look on the ground, he 
has giddiness before the eyes and as if he saw ali objects doublé ; but 
ìf he looked straight before him^ whether standing or stooping, he 
experienced nothing of the sort (aft 7 h.). [Htn,] 

On rìsing firom the couch he could hardly walk across the room 
on account of violent vertigo in the whole head (aft. io h.). [Hin.] 
5* Whirling vertigo in die forehead and staggering of the lower 
extremities, as from weakness of them (aft. i^ n^. ibin,"] 

The vertigo does not leave him even when walking in the open 
air. [HtH.] 

Ùnconsciousness. [Petrus D£ Abano, de Venenis, Cap. 37.^] 

Conftision of the whole head (aft. \ h.). \Gn,'\ 

The mind is obtuse ; he cannot think properly. [Gn."] 
IO. On reading rather long sentences in a hook it is often diiEcult 
for him to apprehend the construction. [Gxj.] 

It is very difficult for him to read a learned hook ; he must read 
many sentences three or four times over, before he can understand 
them, because in spite of the greatest efFort he cannot comprehend 
what he reads^ but is distracted by other spontaneously arising 
thoufiiits, which always supplant those suggested by the reading. 


While studying he has constantly other thoughts ; he dreams 
about the future, and bis fancy disports itself in beautiful visions 
(aft. 4 h.). [Htn.] 

While reading a hook he cannot apprehend the thoughts 
conveyed by it, when with the greatest efibrt to understand them he 
tbinks that he will not understand them ; bis thoughts then become 
confused and render him quite unable to read ftirther ; but he certainly 
understands ali things more easily when he does not think about 
understanding them ; in that case no accessory ideas occupy him, 
ooly the subject itself. [Gss,] 

His power of remembering is weak ; he cannot recoUect the 
nioet fiuniliar names (aft. 2^ h.). [Gn^] 

15. Heaviness of the head (aft. 24 h.). [Gn.] 

He cannot keep his head up on account of a great feeling of 
heaviness in it ; he must leave off reading and He down ; while lying 
he has no headache and feels well, but when he rises up he again 
feds the heavinesà and confusion of the head, the nausea, and other 
disagreeable sensations (aft. 9 h.). [Gn^ 

rain in the head as if a hundred-weight drew it forwards (aft. 
loh.). [Gn.] 

Sensation as if the head were tightly bound, more stupefying than 

In the rìght tempie squeezing pain. [Gss.] 

aa Aefaing pain m die brain (aft. 6, 14 h.). 

^ Statement. 

272 "^ OLEANDEft. 

Stupefying pressure in the right side of the head^ as from a blunt 
instrument slowly pressed in. [Gjj.I 

Out-pressing pain over the forehead, &om within 
outwards (aft. 114 h.). [G«.] 

A dull compression in the forehead. [Gxj.] 

Pressing out pain at the forehead (aft. 4, 24 h.). 

25. Aching in the upper bones of the skull, with a feeling as if they 
were sore (aft. 36 h.). [G«.l 

Pain in the forehead as if it would burst. [Gn.] 

Painful pressing outwards in the left frontal protuberance, which 
. wcnt ofFon pressing on it with the hand (aft. i^ h.). [///».] 

Aching uneasiness in the whole extent of the forehead. [G«.] 
^ An up and down drawing, aching pain in the left tempie, which 
goes off in the open air. [/^z.] 
30. A slight drawing in the left tempie. \_Gss.[ 

Slow pulse-like throbbing pain in the head, in the forehead. 

Pain like a blow on the left tempie. [Gjx.] 

Suddenly a stupefying pain anteriorly in the forehead, as from a 
hard blow. [Gss,'] 

Boring pain in the whole brain. [G«.] 
35. Boring pain in the upper part of the brain (aft. 26 h.). [Gn.] 

Deeply penetrating sharp stitchcs in slow succession in the right 
side of the vertex. [Gjx.] 

Eroding itching as from lice on the whole hairy scalp, compelling 
scratching, repeatedly ali day (aft. 56 h.). [Lr.] 

Severe (itching) eroding on the hairy scalp as from lice j after 
scratching it smarts, as if excoriated. [Gjx.] 

Eroding itching on the hairy scalp, that forces him to scratch. 
40. Eruption of itching pimples on the hairy scalp. 

Desquamation of the epidermis on the hairy scalp. 

At night continued smarting itching on the hairy scalp, as ftom 
lice. [Fz.] 

Contractive burning pain externally on the left side of the crown. 

Sharp aching external pain on the left side of the occiput. [Fz,] 
45. On a small spot of the occiput, obtuse pressure. [Gss.] 

Pressure on the right side of the head as if it were pressed in. 

Pressure on the right frontal protuberance. [Gss.] 

A couple of blows in front of the forehead on a small spot as with 
a hammer. [Gss.] 

Tensive stitch in the occipital bone. [Gn.] 
50. Aching pain in the bones of the right side of the face, persisting 
when movine the lower jaw (aft. J h.). [Gn.] 

Dull achmg pain in the right upper jaw below the zygoma (aft. 
48 h.). [Gn.] 

Pressure on the zygoma, more stupefying than painful, that 


eXtends deep into the head and root of the nose ; a tensive, stupefy- 
ing dresome sensation. [Gii.] 

Violent aching pain, now higher^ now lower in the temples, when 
cbewing. [/z.] 

After rising from bed in the morning, countenance quite dis- 
turbed ; he looks quite pale, the eyes are surrounded with blue rings 
and the cheeks are fallen^ in. [^Htn,] 
55. Ali day long pale complexion (aft. 40 h.}. [Lr.] 

On touching, sore pain in the right eyebrow, towards the tempie 
(aft. 14 h.). [G«.] 

Obtuse pressure on the upper border of the orbit, intermittente 
now greater, now less. [Gii.] 

Dilated pupils (aft. i h.). [Lr."] 

Contracted pupils (aft. 25 h.). [Lr.] 
60. On looking sideways, without turning the head, as if blackness 
would come before the eyes. [Gss.] 

It seems to him as if blackness would come before the eyes. [Gss.] 

While reading the eyes water. [Gss.] 

While reading, a tension in the left eyelids (aft. 6^ h.). [Gn,] 

Pressure in the left eye from above downwards and in the left 
zygoma. [Fz.] 
65. Pain in the eyes, as if he had strained them by much reading. 

Smarting in the left eye. [/z.] 

A pressure in the eyes, as if a hard body were in them. [Gn.] 

Buming in the lower eyelid, and itchmg round about the lid. 

Buming in the right upper eyelid (aft. lo^ h.). 
70. In the evening a tensive pain in one canthus, just as if the eye 
werestrongly turned outwards ; it is difficult for him to turn the eye 
in the opposite direction (aft. 5 d.). [Fz.] 

Buming tension in both right eyelids, even when moving (aft. 
3 h.). [Gnl] 

Itching in the right eyeball (aft. 30 h.). [Gn.] 

Pricking and itching on the left upper eyelid. [Fz.] 

The eyelids are involuntarily closed, as if he were sleepy (aft. 8^ 
h.). [Gn.] 

75. Near the left ejre, at the root of the nose and on the left zygoma 
a pricking itching. [Fz.] 

Red swelling below the eyes, looking as if an eruption would 

A peculiar numb sensation externally rises from the neck up to 
the head. [Gss.] 

Numb sensation, like a painless pressure on the back of the nose. 

Smarting itchine in the root of the nose towards the left eye^ as 
if the room were fidi of smoke. [Fz.] 

8a Stupefyingy obtuse pressure bètwixt the root of the nose and the 
Icftorbit. [Gss.] 

Buming itching on the fbrehead, the left cheek, and the point of 

VOL. II. 18 


die chin, on whicfa small pimples appear with elevated hard borders 
and painlcss ¥^en let alone and when touched. [Fz.] 

On the left cheek feeling as if a cold wind blew on it ; on laying 
the hand on it this feeling goes off and it feels hot to the hand, and 
warmer than the other chedc. [Gss,] 

Redness of the cheeks without heat. [Fz.] 

Hot feeling and heat of the cheeks without redness, with dryness 
in the palate and throat. [/z.] 
85. An (itching ?) eroding feeling on the rìght cheek. [Gxx.] 

Stupefying compression of both zygomatic arches, as if they were 
graM cd with fbrceps. [Gss.'] 

On the left syeomatic arch dose to the ear, a duU, numb, pain- 
less pressure. [C^x.] 

Violent pressure on the rìght cheek near the angle of the lower 
jaw. [GssJ] 

CSramp-like drawìxig on fhe eztemal ear and beneath it, 

as if it was drawn out, at first gradually increasing, then again 
diminishing. [Gss,'] 
90. Heat commencing at one time in the rìght, and at another in 
die kft lobe of the ear, which spreads thence over the corresponding 
side and from there over the whole face. [Fz.] 

In the left tempie and extemal meatus auditorìus, sensarion such 
as ìs apt to occur when yawning. [Fz,] 

In the interìor of the ear a sharp pressive pain. [/z.] 

Constant howline in the left ear. [FzJ] 

Singing in the left ear. 
95. A shnU, stupefyine ringine in the left ear. [Gss,] 

Bumine in the orince of the left ear. [Gn,] 

Beneath the ear, above the mastoid process, a pain as if a blunt 
nail were knocked imo the head, with stupefiiction. [Gss,] 

Ali the aftemoon, itching around the nose. [Gn.] 

Buming shooting above the left corner of the mouth. [Fz,] 
100. Painless sensation, as if the upper lip were swollen (a kind of 
numb feeling). [Gss,] 

Buming pain in the rìght lower lip continuìng whilst and after 
moving (aft. 79 h.). [Gn.] 

The lips are brown, especially the lower lip, with otherwise 
unaltered, scarcely pale complexion. [Morgagni^ de sedibus et caus. 
nurb. Ep. lix, § 12.^] 

Convulsive twitching outwards of the left angle of the mouth. 

Sudden swelling about the left corner of the mouth. 
105. A suppurating pimple on the rìght and left side of the chin (aft. 
78,48h.). [Lr.] 

Sensation as if a cool wind blew on the left side of the neck. 

Sharp pressive pain on the left side of the neck, near the Adam's 
appiè. [/^«.] 

* From expressed juice> In a Wotnan of 60* 


Pain as if a blunt instrument pressed in the right side of the neck 
Olì the oesophagus, and on external pressure a simple pain in the 
cervical muscles. [Gss,] 

A pushing pressure in the anterior cervical muscles, so that he 
must loosen bis cravat, a throttling, sufFocating sensation. \_Fz,] 
no. A violent and full, though slow pulsation of the carotids, felt 
without touching. [Gss.'] 

Towards evenine and in the night, obtuse tearing pain in the left 
side of the nape and in the left scapula, alternating with tearing in 
the tempie and in the second molar tooth of the left side. 

In the night Constant toothache, tearing drawing in the first left 
molar, and sometimes in the hoUow tooth next it ; this toothache 
went oflF immediately on leaving bed, and returned immediately on 
going to bed again, with an anxiety as if he should die ^ at the same 
dme frequent micturition, inclination to vomit and beat in the left 
cheek (the first night). [/%.] 

In the ri^t lower molars, simple drawing. [Gjj.] 

Sharp drawing toothache in the left second molar. [Fz.] 
115. Whilst chewing, a cutting aching toothache, wnich goes ofF 
immediately after chewing i but the tooth is not painful when 
touched or pressed (aft. 2 h.). [Fz."] 

Sensìtiveness of the molars when chewing as if they were ali 
hollow. [Fz.] 

Peculiar sensation in the mouth, as if ali the teeth were loose, 
with bluisb white gums of the whole upper and lower jaw (aft. 34 
h.). [Lr.-Ì 

White furred tongue with dry feeling in the mouth and parched 
lips 1^. 31 h.). [£r.] 

The papillae of the tongue are ali elevated, which gìves the 
toneue a rough appearance, of a dirty white colour. [Gss.] 
120. buming stitches in the left side of the tongue (aft. 2j^ h.). [Gn.] 

Fine pricks in the tongue. [Gn,] 

Power of speech almost completely gone, with normal respiration. 
[Morgagni, 1. c.^] 

When spoken to she tries to answer, but is only able to produce 
sounds, but no intelligible words. [Morgagni, 1. c.^] 

A kind of burning in the gullet down to the stomach (aft. 9 h.)* 
125. She relished nothing, would not take anything. [Morgagni,!, c.1 

An insipid taste in the mouth, when not eating, as from deranged 

No appetite for food or tobacco smoking. [Htn.] 

He has no appetite, but is not without hunger ; he eats with 
more discomfort than pleasure and very little. [Fz,] 

No appetite ; he relished bis food, but was immediately satiated 
(aft. si h.). [Lr.] 
130. Thirst; he drinks more than usuai. [Fz.] 

^ With Binali and feeble puUe, death following in four hour»« 


276 oLeai4der. 

Thirst for cold drìnks, especially for fresh water (aft. 30 h.). 

No appetite and yet ravenous h unger ; he swallowed much and 
with avidity. [G«.] 

Ravenous hunger with trembling of hands when eatine, and great 
wcakness in the wnole body (after walking quicldy for half an hour). 

TremUing of the hands from longing for the food before him. 
135. Durìng dinner, which he swallows hastily, as in bulimy, he is 
giddy in the head, as if he would lose his hearing and sight, and 
especially as if it would become black before his right eye. [G«j.] 

Great huoger with much appetite (aft. 6 h.). [JGn.'] 

While eating, at noon, violent, frequent, empty eructation. 

Eructation with a foetid smeli, several times (aft. 4 d.). 

Violent, frequent empty eructation. [Gjj.] 
140. While eructating, something Comes from the stomach into the 
mouth (belching). [5jj.] 

Loathing of cheese that he used to Ilice. [Gn,'] 

In the evenixig ali food tastes insipid and qualmish. 

No appetite, he loathes everything, as though he should vomit or 
get diarrhoea after it. [Gss.'] 

He has a sickish rising and water collects in his mouth. [^Css."] 
145. He is very sick, and his mouth fills with water ; if he swallows 
this the sickness goes oflF for an instant ; at the same time a peculiar 
flat taste in the mouth. [Gjì.] 

The sickness increases on stooping, and is allayed for instants 
by eructation. [Gw.] 

After the sickness great hunger. [Gif.] 

Nausea. [G«.] 

Nausea in the mouth, as if he must vomit (aft. 4 h.). [i^r.] 
150. Nausea as if in the mouth, and every time he retches water often 
runs out of the mouth, like waterbrash, for two hours ; at the same 
time he has a painful cramp-like contraction of the cervical muscles, 
as if he should be choked, and also of the abdomen and abdominal 
muscles ; at first, after much retching, he only gets mucus from the 
fiiuces ; then there followed some of the fluid portions of the food 
vrith sour taste, for two hours (aft. 6 h.). [LrA 

After eating a morsel of bread he immediately retched and he 
must vomit, but he threw up nothing but small pieces of bread and 
the little food he had just taken along with a quantity of water (aft. 
6Jh.). [Ntn.-] 

His dinner was very much relished ; but he must soon leave off 
eating as he became sick and qualmish. [Gxx.] 

Excessive vomitine followed by thirst. [Morgagni, 1. e] 

Vomiting of a yellowish green water with a bitter taste (aft. 
J2 h.). [Htn.] 
155. General ili-feeling with sickness. [Gn.^ 


Feeling of emptiness in the scrobìculus cordis with feeling of 
fulness in the abdomen. [Gss.'] 

To the Icft over the scrobiculus cordis, intermitting throbbing. 

Sensation in the scrobiculus cordis, as if he felt each pulsation of 
the heart beat through the whole chest, as after overheating, though 
he feels nothing of it with his iìngers, and the heart does not beat 
more strongly and perceptibly than at other times. [Htn.] 

Painfiil aching under the short ribs on the left side of the gastric 
region, on only a small spot,at every expiration, which disappeared at 
each inspiration, was increased by extemal pressure, and lasted half 
an hour (aft. 3 h.). [Htn.'] 
160. Cold feeling as from a cool blast on the right side of the hypo- 
gastrium. [Gjx.J 

Cold feeling in the right side of the abdomen. [Gss,] 

On the rìeht near the navel, a prolonged shooting pain, as if 
twisting out of the abdomen. [Gss.] 

In the side of the abdomen, àbpve the left hip-bone a kind of 
twitching aching pain. [Gss.] 

On the left under the navel, obtuse stitches or blows. [Gss.] 
165. Itching pricking in the left side of the abdomen, immediately 
below the short ribs. [Gss.] 

A pinching shooting in the abdomen, whilst walking (aft. 60 h.). 

Intermitting pinching in the abdomen sometimes with diarrhoeic 

movement. [Gss.] 

Pinching in the bowels (aft. 24, 75 h.}. [Gn.] 

He feels as if the bowels were weakened by purgati ves or as if he 

should have diarrhcea. [Gss.] 
170. Great emptiness in the upper part of the abdomen. [Gss.] 
Inwardly below the navel a gnawing. [Gss.] 
On the left just above the navel a gnawing pain. [Gss.] 
Pain like needle-pricks under the navel (aft. 58 h.). [Gn,] 
Painful sensitiveness around the navel, with discomfort in the 

whole hypogastrium, and an uneasiness about the navel, which shows 

itself at one time as aching, at another as gnawing. [Gss,] 
175. Quitc low in the hypogastrium, above the root of the penis, tran- 

sient twitching blows, which make him start. [Gss,] 

Rumbling and rattling in the umbilical region, with empty 

feeling in the abdomen ; soon followed by discharge of flatus (aft. 

eh.). [Htn.] 

Rumbling in the upper and lower parts of the abdomen. [Gss.] 
Rumbling in the abdomen. [Petrus de Abano, 1. e, cap. 


Discharge of much very f oetid flatus smelling of rotten 

^gS (aft. 26, 30 h.). [Gn.] 
180. Frequent discharge of flatus. [Gss.] 

Ineffectual straining and urging to stool. [Fz,] 
Ineffectual urging to stool. 
The first day no stool. [Htn.] 



Stool ; the first faeces are diarrhoeic, but the ncxt firmer ; he 
must, however, strain. [Gss,] 
185. Stool only after 24 hours, the first part of which is hard and 
crumbly, the remainder thin. [HtnJ] 

Stool hard and difficult (aft. 31 h.). [Gn.] 

Stool quite thin and yellow, but before the stool rattling and 
rumbling in the abdomen (aft. 39 h.). [i//«.] 


The food eaten the previous evening passed somewhat undigested, 
and almost without efFort ; he thought that flatus only was discnarged 
(aft. 48 h.). [Htn.] 
190. Soft stool (aft. 48 h.). [Gn.] 

Evacuation of scanty, thin, watery stool (aft. 6^ h.). [Xr.] 

Buming in the anus, at other times fhan wheii at 
stool, also Defore and after stool. [Fz.] 

Frequent urging to urinate with scanty discharge of urine (aft. 
27 h.). [Lr.] 

Frequent discharge of much urine (aft. 24 h.). [Gn."] 

195. Two violent sneezes. [Gss,] 

Prick in the thyroid cartilage. [Gn,] 

Viscid mucus in the windpipe, he has much hacking cough in the 
moming on rising. [Gss,] 

Tickling in the larynx, which is excited by ìnspiration, and 
produces a short cough that shakes the whole body. [Htn.] 

Sudden cold feeling on the left side of the chest. {Css,] 
200. Great emptiness of the chest, as if eviscerated. [Gss.] 

Severe palpitation of the heart, with a sensation as if the chest 
had become dilated ; he breathes with great elevation of the chest, 
without anxiety. [Gss,] 

When lying he feels as if the chest were too narrow ; he must 
draw his breath in long and deep respirations (aft. 6 h.). [Htn.] 

His chest in the scrobiculus cordis is oppressed when lying, and 
a quarter of an hour after lying down he vomits mucus, water, and 
small bits of bread he had swallowed previously ; when he rises up 
from lying the oppression of the chest goes off (aft. 7^ h.). [Htn.] 

Sensation as if something heavy lay on the chest, which pressed 
it together, whereby a deep and anxious respiration is produced^ when 
walking, standing and lying (aft. io h.). [Htn,] 
205. Palpitation of the heart ^ and anxiety» [Petrus D£ Abano, 1. e, 
cap. 13.] 

Several attacks of palpitation of the heart. 

Anxiety about the heart, without anxious thouehts, with trem- 
bline of ali the body, for several hours (aft. 7 h.). [Lr.] 

Dull drawing pain over the heart, more violent when 
stoopingy and continued during ezpiration (aft. 55 h.). 

l^iggìi^g P^n in the costai cartilages of the rìght side of the 

* Rather» " distress at the heart." 


chest, with intermitting pressure on a small spot, increased by pressing 
on it. [Gss,] 
aio. Pain of the rìght side of the chest externally, as if hard pressed, 

Formicating shooting in the stemum. 

In fhe stemum an obtuse, contmued stitch (aft. 24 h.)« 

On the rìght near the sternum, on one of the false rìbs, obtuse 

sdtches, where there is simple pain when pressed. [Gss,] 

Tensive shooting in the stemum, more violent when stooping 

(aft. 12 h.). [Gn.] 
215. Whilst walldng obtuse stitches in the chest^ more violent when 

expirìng (aft. 8 h.). [Gn,] 

On the upper part of the sternum obtuse pressure. [Gss,] 

In the rìl^ on the left side, some intermitting, obtuse blows. [Gss,] 

On one of the rìbs on the left side (opposite the scrobiculus 

cordis) an intermitting gnawing. [Gss,] 

On the chest under the right shoulaer, a beating like obtuse blows. 

220. Dull pain in the sternum (aft. io h.). [Gn,] 

Obtuse siiteli in the left side of the chest, eontinuing 
dnring inspiration and ezpiration (aft. 29 h.). [Gn,] 

Obtuse stitch in the rìght side of the chest, eontinuing during 
inspiration and expiration (aft. 51 h.). [Gn,] 

Stitches in the diaphragm when lying during inspiration and expi- 
ration, which cease on rìsing up (aft. 31 h.). [Gn,] 

Prìcks in the left side of the chest (aft i^ h.). [Gn.] 
225. A stab in the left side of the chest as with a knife (aft 48 h.). 

Pinching stitch in the left side of the chest out at the false rìbs 
(aft.6h.). rG«.] 

Obtuse shooting in the left side of the chest while walking. [Gss,] 

Tensive stitch m the middle of the chest (aft 31 h.). [Gn.] 

Twitching in the right pectoral muscles (aft. 15 h.). [Gn,] 
230. In the right side of the back, a pain, as if a band were forcibly 
thnist in there, or as if from over-lifting. [Gss,] 

Tensive shooting in the spine, when walking and standing (aft. 
29 h.). [Gn,] 

Buming stitch in the back under the left scapula, when sitting, 
which went ofFwhen moving (aft. 78 h.). [Gn,] 

In the right half of the l^ck, deep in, sudden pricks, so as almost 
to make him start. [Gss,] 

Itching on the right scapula. [Gn,] 
235. On the top of the right shoulder obtuse pressure. [Gss,] 

When he raises his arms up high, or lavs them under bis head in 
bed, their shoulder-joints are painftil as if dislocated. [Gss,] 

A lasting stitch in the left axilla, relieved by rubbing (aft. 27 h.). 

Externally on the upper part of the upper arm, a pinching pain. 


Cramp-lilce drawing in the shaft of the left humerus near the 
elbow, in measured jerks. [GssJ] 
240. Twitching in the muscles of the left arm (aft. 36 h.). [GhJ] 

Sensation of twitching in the rìght upper arm. [Fz.'] 

Itching prick somewhat prolonged in the left upper arm (aft. 
31 h.). [Gn.] 

Sensation of itching above the bend of the elbow. [-^z*] 

Itching on the point of the rìght elbow (aft. 34 h.). [Gn.] 
245. Obtuse pressure on the forearm, as from a hard blow. [Gis."] 

On the outside of the left forearm, on a small spot, intermitting 
pressure. [Gjj.] 

Obtuse stitches or blows on the left forearm, near the wrist. 

Drawing in the rìght forearm, over the wrist-joint. [GssJ] 

Obtuse pressure on the forearm, just below the elbow. [Gjx.] 
250. Burning stitch in the left forearm (aft. 28 h.). [Gn.'] 

Swollen blood-vessels of the hand, without beat of it. [/z.] 

Intermittent obtuse aching in the palm of the hand. [^Gss.] 

Pulsating pain on the inner side of the rìght forearm near the 
wrist-joint. [Gxj.] 

Trembling of the hand whilst writing fbefore a meal). [G«.J 
255. In the fingers cramp pain (cramp-like drawing). [Gss."] 

Drawing in the proximal finger-joints. [Gss.] 

Burning stitches in the tip of the left index finger (aft. 12 h.). 

On the distai phalanx of the rìght index a burning stitch^ so that 
the fìnger trembles. [Gw.] 

On the proximal phalanx of the left middle finger, cramp-like, 
twitching tearing. [Gss."] 
260. Prìcking and itching on the proximal phalanx of the middle 
finger. [Fz,] 

Sudden swelling of the ring-finger, with burning pain ; he could 
not bend it. 

Fine twitching on the finger. [Gss.] 

Itching on the right thumb, so that he must scratch, whereupon 
it first goes ofF, but soon afterwards changes into eroding. [Gss.] 

Tensive burning in the tip of the left thumb (aft. 2 h.). [G».] 
265. In the distai phalanx of the thumb pain as if he had eot a hard 
blow on it, whereby the thumb becomes trembling. [Gss.\ 

Above the nates, itching, compelling him to scratch. [Oss.] 

Itching vesicles on the nates. [Gn.] 

In the gluteal muscles of one thigh, contractive pain when walk- 
ing, like dislocation. [Fz.] 

Obtuse stitches, posteriori/ on the hip-bone j pressure causes 
simple pain. [Gss,] 
270. Drawing shootìng in the right thigh ; not observed when standing 
and going up bill (aft. 37 h.). [Gn.] 

Pain like needle-pricks in the muscles of the inner side of the left 
thigh (aft. li h.). [Lr.] 

W^akn^ss in Hke thighs and lega ancl f^ feeling in tl^e 


feet, chiefljr in fhe soles. as if they were gone asleep» 
when walking (aft. 12 h.). [Gh.] 

On the side of the thigh a hot feeling, soon afterwards a cold 
feeling lower down. [GssA 

(Buming and tension m the rìght thigh.) [Gn,] 
275. A quiverìne down through the lower extremities. [Gix.] 

When walking quickly, on the front of the thigh a pain as 
when a bruised spot is pressed on. 

BubUing in the rìght thigh. [Gn,'] 

On the outer side of the Teft thigh a numbine pressure, as if the 
part were tig;htly bound and the circulation thereby stopped. [Gss,] 

An itching prìck in the posterìor muscles of the thigh ; it burns 
after scratching, [GssJ] 
280. On the rì^t thigh an obtuse shooting aching. [Gss.'] 

On the upper part of the rìght thigh, intermitting aching, 
increased by pressing on it. [Gss,] 

On the extemal and anterìor surface of the rìght thigh, itching, 
removed for a short time by scratching. [Gss.] 

On the under surface of the left thigh, painless twitching, as if a 
muscle were moved. [Gss.] 

On the thigh just above the knee, simple aching. [Gss.] 
285. In the rìght thigh, just above the knee, a spot with burning and 
prìcking pain. [Fz.] 

Cramp-like dravring in the rìght bent knee. [Gss.] 

A vibratine; sensation in the legs when sitting, as after a journey 
on fbot. [Gi/.J 

The legs are painfiil when sitting, he must alternately ilex and 
extend them in order to set momentary relief. [Gss.] 

In the legs a painfìil reeling of weakness, as from a long journey 
on foot. [Gss.] 
290. In the shafb of the leg bones undulatory drawing. [Gss."] 

When the leg is drawn up pulsating pain in the hough. [Gss.] 

Sensation of twitching in the rìght calf. [Fz.] 

Painfìil cramp in the rìght calf, when sitting. [Gn.] 

Tearing in the left calf, when walking (aft. 34 h.). [Gn.] 
295. After sittine for some time with the legs drawn up he feels, when 
walking, a panuvtic weakness in chem. [Gss.] 

Just above the left ankle-joint painful aching, at long intervals, 
when standing. [Gss.] 

Itching and rather prolonged prìck in the rìght ankle-joint, 
towards the front, continuing also when moving (aft. 29 h.}. 

On the dorsum of the foot simple aching. [Gss.] 

Itching prìck in the rìght internai ankle, that went oflF by 
scratching (aft. io h.). [Gn.] 
300. Prìcking and itching on the left heel. [Fz.] 

Obtuse srìtches in the left little toe, when at rest and when 
moving (aft. 3 h.). [Gn.] 

A pain in the little toe and its ball, as if it Mrere strongly pressed, 


Burning in the tip of the right big toe, when sitting (aft. 31 h.). 

Painful throbbing over the ball of the left big toe. [Gxx.] 
305. Tensive stitches in the tip of the left big toe (aft. 32 h.). 

Olì the sole of the right foot, on a snudi spot, intermitting, obtuse 
pressure, as though he had received blows on it. [Gxx.] 

Itching pricking sensation in the sole of the right foot, when at 
rest (aft. 12 h.). [G».] 

Strong pressing-in on several spots of the body, gradually in- 
creasing or diminishing. [Gxi.] 

Cramp pain (cramp-like drawing) on several parts of the limbs, 
e,g. on the balls of the thumbs, on the feet, &c. [Gjj.] 
310. Squeezing pressure on several parts of the body and limbs, on the 
fingers and toes, as if their bones were crushed. [Gss."] 

Great sensitiveness of the skin of the whole body; ftom the 
slight friction of the clothes it becomes sore, raw, and painftil, e.g. on 
the neck from the cravat, on the thighs from loose trousers when 
walking. [Gss.'] 

(The symptoms are much more violent the second day than the 
first.) [Gss.] 


General itching. 
315. Itching bere and there on the body, so that he must scratch. 

On undressing a smarting itching on the whole body, as ftom an 
eruption, forcing him to scratch (aft. 40 h.). {_Lr.] 

Weakness of the body. [G«.] 

IH feeling and weakness in the abdomen and chest ; he fèels not 
at ali well. [Gss.'] 

Tired, lazy, and dislike of ali work. [GnJ] 
320. Very faint and down-hearted ; he feels ili ali over. [G«.] 

Faint-hearted, as if bis life would exhale at every breath. [Gss.] 

Weakness of the whole body ; he was unable to walk alone, but 
must be driven home and go to bed, where he lay until evening in 
slumber, but then he slept well at night. [Lr.] 

From a short walk weariness, and the soles are painful. [Gss.] 

Weariness and weakness of ali the limbs ; he can scarcely walk 
across the room ; the knees are too weak. [Htn.] 
325. Syncope. [Petrus de Abano, 1. e, cap. 13.] 

Stretching of the upper part of the body and arms (aft. 9^ h.). 

Stretching and straining of the limbs, combined with a general 
feeling of well-being (aft. 4^ h.). [Htn,] 

Frequent yawnmg, with every rime a shudder running ali over 
the body, which set aU the muscles first in a shaking, and afterwards 
a trembling movement (immediately). [Htn,] 

She lay as if in slumber, but yet is conscious and able to move. 
[Morgagni, 1. e] 
3^0» Sleeplessness, 


VoluptuoTu dreams, with emission of semen (the 2nd 

and 3rd night). [£r. — Gn.j 

tineasy dreams, [G».] 

At night in bed no rest and no sleep. [-^z.] 

After sleeping he feels when lying a qualmishness and squeamish- 
nes8 in the scrobiculus cordis, as if he should vomit, with a difficulty 
of breathing, which is relieved by sitting up (aft. 5^ h.). [Htn,] 
335. The pulse is very variable, now quick, now slow, now full, small 
and weak. [Gxx.] 

In the morning after rìsing the pulse is slower. IGssJ] 

He often shudders suddenhr, as in the severest febrile chili, or as 
if he were terrified by something. [Gss.] 

When yawning he shudders. [Gjj.] 

Febrile rigor ali over, without thirst or beat after- 
wards, when at rest and when moving (aft. i^ h.). [Lr.] 

340. Febrile rigor ali over, with cold hands and warm cheeks, without 
thirst, when at rest and when moving (aft. 3^ h.). [Z^r.] 

Quick ftjll pulse (in the evening). [Gxx.J 

Feeling of beat, and simultaneous chilliness of ali the body, 
without thirst, at the same time he felt warmer to the touch than 
usuai (aft. 7 h.). [Z^r.] 

Flying beat runs over him, especially when he sets about bis work 
eagerly (uso when sitting) ; likewise when he walks quickly he grows 
very warm, and the beat pricks bis face like numerous fine needles. 

Whilst reading beat is forced out of bis body. [Gn.] 
345. Dislike to work. [Htn,] 

Obtuseness of the senses, out of humour, indisposed for everything» 

Indisposed both for work and the most agreeable occupation. 

Want of self-confidence, and hence serious sad disposi tion. [Gn,] 

lU-humoured, reserved. [Gn,] 
350. He cannot bear contradiction. [Gss,] 

Cross, morose, indisposed for everything. [Fz,] 

The beat rapidly overcomes him ; he breaks out in anger, but 
repents immediately afterwards. [Gss.] 


(The drìed mUky juke of the green, half-rìpe heads of the Pé^aver snunfinm^ 
cqpectally of the Uige»headed white poppy, Faptnftr ^fiàmak^ Gm.) 

In recent timet many chemisti hare given themielTet unq>eakable trouble to inilyze 
opiuniy and to dissociate its sereral constituent parts : morphium (morphia)» narcodn 
(opian), meconic acid, eztractive matter, caoutchuc, opium-balsam, ntty sabstancej 
gluten, resin, gum, volatile matter. Thcj generally di£Fer so much among one 
another, both in respect to the methods used to separate them, consisting of a number 
of dissimilar and complicated processes, and in respect to the chemical nature of their 
component parts, as also in tneir opinions about the relative efficacy of these consti- 
tuents, that, ali thines considered, very little of a trustworthy or uaefiil charKter 
seems to have resulted, either for the medicai art in general, or fbr the benefit of the 
sick in pardcular. ^ 

But as homoeopathy concems itself only with whole, undivided medicina! substances, 
as thev exist in the naturai state, and aims at the simplest mode of preparìng them, 
in which ali their constituents shall be uniformly dissolved and develop their medidnal 
poweri, and as it looks only to healing and not to iniuring human being8,conse<iuently 
it does not, like the new pharmacy, consider it an honour to prepare rrom opium the 
most painlessly and quickly killing substance {Morfkmm aciticmm) i hence the horooeo« 
pathic art, which is only intended for benencent ends, willingly dispenses with ali 
these dangerous manoeuvres. 

It will therefore — as has hitherto been the custom— «macerate one grain of finely 
pulverised opium in xoo drops of alcohol in the temperature of the room fbr a week, 
m order to make a tincture, and mix one drop of this with another xoo drops of 
alcohol by two succussions, and so proceed to the higher developments of power j or, 

One grain of selected good opium is treated like other dry medicina! substances, is 
first brought to the mìllion-fold trituration in three hours, by triturating with three 
times loo grains of milk-sugar (in the manner taught at the commencement of the 
second part of the hook on CAromc Diseaies) $ of this one grain is then dissolved in 
100 drops of diluted alcohol, and potentized by two succussions. This gives a fluid, 
one drop of which, diluted in a similar way with xoo drops of alcohol, and potentized 
with two succussions, is fiirther raised to the decillion-fbld potency throu^h 15 more 
dilution-phials. One or two globules of the smallest size moistened with this last 
potency will do ali the good that is capable of being effected homoeopathically in the 
treatment of human ailments for which it is suitable. 

It is much more difficult to estimate the action of opium than of 
almost any other drug. 

In the prìmary action of small and moderate doses, in which the 
organism, passively as it were, lets itself be afFected by the medicine, it 
appears to exalt the irritability and activity of the voluntary muscles for 
a short time, but to diminish those of the involuntary muscles fbr a 
longer period ; and while it exaits the fancv and courage in its prìmary 
action, it appears at the same time to dull and stupefy (the externai 
senses) the general sensibility and consciousness. Thereafter the living 
organism in its active counter-action produces the opposite of this in 
— ■ 9 

^ frofn voi. i, 3rd edit., xSjOf 

OPIWM. 285 

die secondary action : diminished irrìtability and inactivity of the 
voluntary, and morbidly exalted excitabilitv of the involuntary muscles, 
and loss of ideas and obtuseness of the rancy, with faint-heartedness 
alone with over sensitiveness of the cenerai sensibility. 

in large doses the symptoms of the prìmary action not only rìse to 
a far more dangerous height, but they pass from one to another with 
impetuous rapidity, often mingled with secondary actions or quickly 
passing into the latter. In some persons certain symptoms are more 
conspicuous, in others other symptoms. 

No medicine in the world suppresses the complainings of patients 
more rapidly than opium^ and misled by this, physicians have made 
immense use (abuse) of it, and have done enormous and wide-spread 
mischief with it. 

Were the results of the employment of opium in diseases as benefi- 
ciai as its employment is common, there would be no medicine by 
which patients would be so often cured as by opium. But e^actly the 
9pp0site o/this is univtr Sally the case. 

Its enormous power and rapid action imply that an uncommon 
amount of knowledge of its actions and an uncommonly accurate 
judfijment and appreciation of it must be required in order to employ it 
medicinally, if we would use it in a really beneficiai manner^ which 
is i$Kp§ssibU without making a hamaeopathic application ofit. 

Hitherto opium has been almost exclusively employed antipathically 
or palliatively, and hardly any but its prìmary actions have been opposed 
to the contrary morbid states, contrariis curentur—except when the 
physician prescrìbed (by mistake? or numinis afflatuf) in a sense 
exacdy opposite to this antiquity-hallowed therapeutic mie of Galen's, 
and so effected miraculous cures. No medicine in the world has 
effected more illusory relief, more deceptive concealment and suppression 
of the morbid symptoms, with consequences more disastrous than the 
orìRÌna] disease. No medicine in the world has done more harm (with 
prdiminary apparent relief) than this opium. 

Opium has been employed as the supposed chief remedy against ali 
kinds of coughs, diarrhoeas, vomiting, sleeplessness, melancholy, spasms 
and nervous ailments — and more especìally against ali kinds of pains 
without distinction. 

But ali these innumerable afFections are not contained in the prìmary 
action of opium, but just the opposite. Hence we can easily understand 
how far fìrom permanent, how far from beneficiai must be the result of 
such an employment of this drug in the majorìty of diseases of the body 
and mind ! And daily experìence teaches this. 

If in some few cases opium removes coush, diarrhcea, vomiting, 
tleeplessness, trembling and so forth^ this only happens when these 
ailments are of recent date or have arìsen suddenly in a previously 
healthy body, and when they are of a slight character. Thus, for 
example, a cough brought on by a chili, a trembling caused by recent 
fnght,* a diarrhoea suddenly excited by fear, a chili or other trifling 

* Smelling at a ^lobulc the size of a mustard-seedy moistened with a potentized 
dilution of opium, gives almost immediate relief to one who has undergone a violent 
frigfat, but only on the conditioo that he perfomis the olfaction immcdiately afbr thtf 


cause^ vomiting and other symptoms produced by mental excitement, 
loathing, &c., are sotnetimes quickly removed by opium, because it ìs 
orùy necessary that it should suppress these ailments in a superficial 
and temporary manner, in order to restore to the previously healthy 
body its freedom to ward ofF spontaneously ali further tendency to 
these afFections, and to continue its former condition of health by its 
own powers (vide Organon o/Medicine^ 4th edition, § 63,^ note)" 

Though opium succeeds in the palliative suppression of these lapid 
trlvial ailments in the few instances indicated above, it by no means 
follows that it possesses a true curative power of permanently removing 
such afièctions in every case and under ali conditions even when they 
are of a persistent character. It cannot remove them and restore health 
when they are symptoms of another disease to which opium does not 
correspond as a homceopathic remedy in its primary efiects, or if they 
bave already lasted a considerable time, because these ailments are not 
contained in the primary actions of opium.*^ 

Hence it has hitherto been universally employed in medicai practice 
throughout the whole world, almost always with injurìous and disastrous 
results, in old coughs, persistent diarrhceas, long-continued sleeplessness, 
chronic vomiting, habitual spasms, anxiety and trembling. But when 
these afFections existed for some time in the system and depended on 
totally difFerent diseases for which opium is not the homceopathic 
remedy, they could never, notin one single instance, he cured by opium, 
so that permanent health was restored by its use. 

In employing opium in the above-mentioned chronic maladies 
we learn that it efFects only at first an illusory alleviation, a transient 
suppression of the afFection for a few hours ; that it then ceases to 
alleviate without increasing the size of the dose, that on further 
increasing the dose it only allays the symptoms for a short time, and 
even when it does this it creates on the other band new affections and 
a much more serious and a worse artificial disease. Verily this is an 
injurìous, though hitherto universally practised misuse of this gift of 
Gk>d which was created for the removal of quite opposite morbid states.f 

But most striking was the abuse which ali physicians over the whole 

world down to the present time]: bave made of opium, in prescrìbing it as 

a powerful remedy for pains of ali sorts, be they ever so old and deeply 

fright has been received. If employed later, it not only brings no relief, ìt nther 
does harm. 

* They are only to be foiind in its secondary action (and in the prdiminaiyy 
momentary reaction — their reflexion— descrìbed below). 

f For where shall we find a remedy equal to opium for the most obstinate consti- 
pation and for acute fevers, with uncomplaining stupefìed sopor, with snoring from a 
half-opened mouth, and twitching of the Umbsy with buming heat of the perspirìng 
body, and in several other morbid states cwrespwdxKg in simiiarity to the pnmary 
effects of opium. 

{ Although as long as twenty years ago, I showed incontroverdbly in these veiy 
words (in the first edition of the Organon, 18 co), the misuse universally roade by 
physicians of opium for pains to be a palpable injury to the well-being of patients, yet 
we bave not seen that their conscience was the least touched, and that they abandoned 
a practice that is as stupid as it is criminal. To such remonstrances they only exclaim 
that their routine is interfered with, and they abuse and persecute the man who calls 
attention to their erroneous practice, just as the sinner who feels himself hit by the 

' 5th edition, § 67. 

OPIUM. 287 

rooted* It is obviously contrary to common sense^ and is almost equal 
to the fbUy of a universal remedy, to expect from one single substance 
die cure of ali pains which differ so infìnitely among one another. 
Seeing that the varìous kinds of pains in diseases difFer so much from one 
another in their seat, in the time and the conditions of their occurrence, 
recurrence, increase and diminution, &c., it might be supposed that the 
Creator would not fail to create a large number of difterent medicines 
for dieir cure ; ibr every finite thing can only bave a finite, limited sphere 
of action. But opium is precisely not one of those pain-allaying and 
curìng remedies. Opium is almost the only medicine that in its primary 
action dùes not produce a single pain. Every other known drug, on the 
other band, produces in the healthy human body each its own kinds of 
pains in its primary action, and hence is able to cure and remove 
(homceopathically) similar pains in diseases, especially if the other 

rptoms of the disease correspond in similarity to those observed from 
administration of that medicine. Opium alone is unable to subdue 
homoeopeithically, i.e. permanently, anv one single pain, because it does 
not causo in its primary action one single pain^ but the very reverse, 
namely, insensibiUty^ the inevitable consequence (secondary action) of 
which is greater sensitiveness than before, and hence a more acute 
sensation of pain. 

Therefbre ali pains of any duration allayed in a palliative and tem- 
poraxy manner by opium by means of its stupefying and pain-subduing 
power, return immediately when the stupei^ing primary action is 
exhausted, and that at least* as severely as berore, as the experience of 
ali observant physicians testifies. These pains, indeed, generally 
return in a worse degree, and as long as no better pian than this old 
injurious routine is adopted, they must be again and àgain allayed, not 
only by repeated, but by larger doses of opium, whilst it developes 
other worse ailments, from which the patient did not sufFer previously. 
Suppressing pain of any considerable duration and intensity by opium is 
therefore nothing but quackery — nothing butan imposition on the patient 
and his firiends with illusory relief, to be followed by injurious results 
diat are often disastrous, and not unfrequently fatai, but which are 
all^^ by such practitioners of the non-healing art to be new diseases 
that they bave had no band in producing.f 

wonU of a sermon on repcntance only abuses the preacher, without reforming his 
oim conduct. But why should I, who feel an inward cali to enunciate such 
iiupofUot reritieSy and wno have tniÀ and nature on my side, why should I bother 
myielf about these incorrieible sinners ? 

^^ He who feels he has the power to expose errors and to extend.the boundaries ot 
tdencej is not only under an obligation to do so, but the public is bound to listen to 
hbn, cren should it be disagreeable to a whoie school which thinks its authority so 
finnly grounded that it will allow no appeal to nature from its verdict, or which at 
Icast does ali it can to consign the revolutionary observer to oblivioni** — Fr. 
Caiimir Medicus. 

• Tbus WiLLis in his Pharmacia rationalis, p. a j8, says : " Opiates generally allay 
die most excTuciating pains, and produce insensibiiity — ror a certain time ; but when 
this time is past the pains are immediately renewed, and soon attain their ordinary 
violence $** and p* 195 : *^ When the duration of the action of opium is over, the 
abdominal pains return, having lost nothing of their excruciating cnaracteri untU we 
again cmploy the magic power of opium.** 

t The tnic (homoeopathic) physician ncver sees in his practlce any inflammation 


Chrcmic dìseases onlj are the test of the genuine healing art, because 
thej do not of themselves pass into health ; slight ailments that bave 
cocne quickly pass away with or without medicine— evidently hy the 
inberent powers of the organism ; but with medìdnes acute diseases 
must disdnctly vield more quickly and permanenti/ than when left to 
themsdres, if wnat can be adled a cure is accomplished. 

If opium somedmes seeras to remove pains in acute diseases, this is 
owing to the verj obvious hct that such diseases, if they do not kill, 
run their course spontaneously in a few dajs, and disappear together 
with their pains. 

Opium can only seem reallv to cure pains in those rare cases where 
it corresponds homoeopathically in its other prìmary efiècts to the 
symptoms of the disease, and so removes the disease itself, for then the 
pains also must naturally depart ; but this is only an indirect cure of the 
pains. For instance, as every dysentery depends on a retention of faeces 
in the upper part of the intestines, some varìeties of it accompanied 
by beat and stupe&cdon can be cured by opium, because these sym- 
ptoms will be homceopathically removed by the similar prìmary action 
of opium, and as a necessary consequence their attendant pains' also, 
because these generally depend on spasmodic retention of the fseces in 
the bowels. 

In like manner opium cannot stop the pains of lead colie until it 
has homceopathically removed the obstinate constipation produced by 
the lead by virtue of its constipating prìmary action ; in this case also 
the cure of the pains is indirect and not owing to the stupefying power 
of the opium, as it is given in small, not stupe^ng, doses. But opium is 
Hiver able to remove pains directly without injury ; on the other band, 
it is a prìncipal remedy in those stupefactive diseases where the pain of a 
serìous malady is not felt by the patient, as for example, in dangerous 
bed sores, where the patient, in the stupefied state of bis consciousness, 
cannot complain of any pain, &c. 

The painfiil diseases of acute and chronic character can (whatever 
the whole worldful of antipathic and allopathic physicians may all^ to 
the contrary) only be cured and altered into health of a permanent 
character by a medicine which, besides corresponding in similarìty in 
its other prìmary efFects to the symptoms of the morbid state, is at the 
same time able to excite pains very similar in kind to those observed in 
the disease. If such a medicine be selected then pain and disease dis- 
appear together in a marvellously rapid and permanent manner, when 
the smallest dose is administered, as is taught in the Organon 9f Medi' 
ciney and as experìence will convince every one. 

But as this niethod was not employed, and as ali kinds of pains were 
antipathically treatéd by opium alone, many injurìous results were 
observed fìrom its use : stupefaction, constipation, and other troublesome 

of the braiiiy except at the commenceroent of the most dangerous fbrms of typhut 
fèver, which he cures along with its cerebral inflammation; nor does he ever encounter 
inflammation of the bowels, except in cases of poisoning and strangulated hemia or 
ileus i but fatai cerebral and intestinal inflammationsyrroi(#j»//|p resttù from the effbrts 
of the allopaths to suppress severe headache and ìntoleraole colie by increasing doses 
of opium. 


ÓPIOM. 289 

and dangerous symptoms which naturali/ resulted from this inappro- 
prìate antìpathic employment of it, and these are the peculiar efFects 
of opium, without which it would not be opium. But these inevitable 
disastrous efFects of such an employment of opium were not regarded 
as being what they actually are, to wit, the essential characteristics of 
opium, but as a kind of bad behaviour inherent in it, which must be 
ch'minated from it by ali sorts of devices, in order to render it innocuous 
and well-behaved. Under this delusion attempts bave been made from 
lime to time, for now nearly two thousand years, to do away with this 
pretended improper action by means of so-called corrigentìa^ so that 
it shouid henceforth be taught to allay pains and spasms without 
producing delirium or constipation, check vomiti ng and diarrhoea 
without stupefying, and change chronic sleeplessness into sound sleep 
without exciting beat, and without leaving behind it headache, trembling, 
exhaustion^ chilliness and prostration. 

Hence pungent spices were combined with it in order to prevent 
the chilling propensity observed in the secondar/ action, and purgatives 
and salines were added in order to counteract its constipating misconduct, 
&c. More especial ly was it sought to separate from it its crude, and 
alleged useless and hurtful resin by repeated solution in water, filtra- 
tion and inspissation, and also to deprive it of the volatile, and supposed 
poisonous, narcotic quality attached to it by macerati ng it for months ; 
and practitioners even went so far as to attempt to renne it and render 
it mild by roastinglt over a fìre, and in this way they imagined that they 
had produced a precious panacea for ali ailments and troubles, for pains, 
sleeplessness, diarrhoea, &c., which was free from ali the well-known 
evi! propensities of opium. 

But they were completcly mistaken ; by thesè processes they only 
made the opium weaker without altering its nature. Now much larger 
doses were required in order to obtain the same result, and when these 
larger doses were administered they always acted just like the originai 
opium ; the new preparation caused the same stupefaction, the same 
constipation, and so forth, and hence it became evident that opium 
possesses no removable bad qualities, just as little as any other medicine, 
but that its peculiar medicinal powers must ever prove injurious and 
dangerous when it is employed antipathically in large doses and when 
it is not understood how to make a homoeopathic employment of it ; — 
opium might be employed in its naturai powerful state or, weakened by 
a number of expensive artifìcial processes, in the large doses required to 
produce its antipathic efFects. 

Opium has this peculiarity more than many other medicines, that 
in the case of persons unaccustomed to its use and in very excitable 
subjects, and stili more when given in large doses, it sometimes at first 
displays a transient^ often momentary, reaction of a peculiar sort, which, 
partly on account of its short duration, partly owing to its rarity, and 
partly owing to its very nature, must not be confounded with its charac- 
teristic chicf and primary action. These rare, momentary, preliminary 
reactions correspond almost exactly with the secondary action of the 
organism upon opium (and are, so to speak, a reflexion of this secondary 
action) : deathy paleness, coldness of the limbs or of the whole body, 
voL. II. 19 

290 OPIUM. 

cold penpintiofi, dinoroiis anxiety, tiembling and despsdr, mucoui 
C f j c ujii oos from the bowcls, transicnt vomiting or short cough, and 
Tcrjr rard j ccrtain kinds of pain. 

Hardlj anj of the peculiar prìmary effects of opium are observed 
ftom laige pcxsoaous doscs, but this initiatorj reaction passes at once^ as 
aeooodary actioa, to death, as I niyself have seen, and as Wiixis {Pharm. 
Rmì^ sect. tìì, cap. i, p. 292) relates. 

The orientai induìgers in opium, after sleeping off their opium 
tntoxicatioQ, are always in a state of secondar/ opium action ; their 
mental fàculties are rouch weakened by too ftequent indulgence in the 
dniK* Chilly, pale, bloated, trembling, spirìtless, weak, stupid, and 
with a perceptiUe anxious inward malaise, they stagger in the 
moming into the tavem to take their allowance of opium piils in order 
to quicken the circuladon of their blood and obtain wannth, to revive 
their depressed vital spirits, to reanimate their dulled phantasy with 
tome ideas, and to infuse, in a palliative way, some activity into their 
paialyscd musdes. 

The sympcoms crf" opium arranged below are mostly secondary 
action and counter-action of the organism. Physicians who cannot 
make up their minds to refrain ftom making a hurtftil use of opium in 
large doses fbr palliative (antipathic) purposes, may be encouraged to 
do so by a perusal of these borri ble secondary effects ; their feelings 
of humanity can hardly ftùl to be shocked hy them, and their con- 
sdence roused so as to compd them to do better. 

The antidotes to dangerous doses of opium are tincture of ipeca- 
cuanha, camphor, but especially strong warm infusion of coffee, intro- 
duced in large quantities above and below, accompanied by frictions on 
the body. But when icy coldness of the body, insensibility, and loss of 
irrìtability of the muscular fibres bave adready set in, a (palliative) 
warm bath must be resorted to. 

When opium has been given in large doses in order to allav pains 
and check diarrhcea, and, as not unfrequently occurs, true paraìysis of 
the limbs has been produced, there is no cure for this kind of paraìysis, 
just as paraìysis can never be cured by strong electric shocks. 

Some of the prìmary efiècts of opium last but a few hours, others, 
especially those caused by large doses, last longer when they do not 
prove faul. 

Opium belongs to those medidnes whose prìmary efiècts seldom 
admit of a homceopathic application in human diseases ; but when it is 
so used a small portion of a drop of the decillion-fbld potency suffices 
for a dose. 

fHAHNEMANN's fellow-observers were CuBiTZ, Gutmann, Schònike, Staff. 

The following old-school authorìdes are quoted : 

Acta Nat, Cur.y iv. 

Aefli, sen., in Hufel, Jourm,^ xxv. 

Alibert, in ìFibmer, ffirhmg dir Arvuien u. Gifte, 

Alpin, Mfd. jEgypt., iv. 

Alston, Medicai Essavi, 

Bard, Sam., Diss, di Virihus Opti, Edinb., 1765. 

Bauer, in Ad, Nat, Cur,, ii. 

Bavtzmann, in Mise, Nat, Cur., Dee. ii, ann. 8. 

PPIUM. agi 

Baylis, Prax. Med,, Llb. i. 
BELLomuSy Observat. 

Bercer, Dùs, di vi Opii rar^aàmt,^ Viteb., 1703. 
Bergius, Mai. Mtd, 

BoBRHAAVE, Praetict, iv, — Dt Morb. Nerv. 
BOHN, De Ojficio Mtd, 
BoNET, Sgttdcret, Anatom.y llb. i. 
BORELLI, Fet., dnt, 4. 
BGCHNER, DUs, di Otio^ HalXy 1748. 
BùTTNER, Cm. G., Unterr, Ubir d, Tlkitikhkiit d. Wundtn. 
Charas, Moses, Pharm, Reg. Chym. 
Chardin, Voyoge m Perse, Arnst., 177I) voi. iv. 
Charvet, De rOpium^ 1816. 

Clark, Euens and Obs., Phys, and Lit,, edit. 3, 1771. 
Clauder, Gabr., in Mise, Nat, Cur,^ Dee. ii, arni. 5. 
Cocg, in Stalfaart van der ìViiVs Observat,, Cent ii. 
Croix, de la, Jottm, de Méd,^ xxxix. 
Crvmpe, Natur nnd Eigensch. des Ofiums, 
EttmOller, Diss, di vi Opii diaphor,^ Lips., 1694. 
Freind, Opera, tom. i, EmmenoL 
Garcias ab Horto, Hisi. Aromat., i. 
Gaster, de, Med, D<fgm. 
GuiAND (no reference). 
Geoffroy, Mai. Med, 
Grimm, F. C, Ada Nat, Cwr,, iii. 

Haller, de, De Partib, corp, irritab, et sensib, — in Praelect, Boerh. Instii,, iv. 
Hamberger, Diss, de Opto, Jen., 1749. 
Hargens, in HufeL Jmmal^ ix. 

HEcguET, RefUxions sur tusage de POpium, à Paris, 1726. 
Hellwich, Ch. de., Bresi, Sommi., 1702. 
lEstoire de PAcad, des Se, 1735. 

HoFFMANN, Fr., Dìss. di Òperotitme Opii, Hai., 1700, — Med, Rat, Syst,, ii.«-D 
Correa, Opii, Hai, 1702. 

HviiTER, J., Ón the Venereal Disease, 
Jones, The Mjsteries ofOpium revealed, 
JOERDENi, in ìhfeU Jonm,, xviii. 

JuNCKBR and BoHMBR, Diss. sistens casum Matrona largissimo usu Opii tractata, 
lUhe, 1744. 

Kàmpper, Ammn, exot., fase. iii. 

KiLiAN, in Med, Annoi,, 1800, Oct. 

Knebel, in Hufei, Joum,, xxvi. 

Lassvs, in Mem, de tbut, National des Se. et des Arts, tom. ii. 

Lerovx, Jonm, de Med. 

Levesque-Blasource, in Jottrn, de Medee,, 1808, Juillet. 

L1NDESTOLPE, de Fenenis, 

LoRRY, Joum, Eneyehp,, i, — Reeueii Period, 

Manchart, Eph, Nat. Cnr,, Cent. i. 

Matthai, C. C, in Hufel, Journ,, xi. 

Matthiolus, in Trolies, 1. e. 

Me AD, de Femnis, in Opera, t. ii. 

Mise, Nat. Cur., Dee. ii, ann. io. 

MoNRO, Ess£ns Phys, and Liter., voi. iii. 

MuLLBR, in fitifel. Journ,, xviii. 

Murray, Apparai, Med, ii. 

MuzELL, Wohmehmungen^ ii. 

OuTREPONT, D% Deutschi Ztitseh.f, Geburtsheilk., i. 

PiTCAiRNE, Diss, di Cireulotione in Animalibus genius et non genitis, L, B. — Element 
Med.j Lib. ii. 

Plater, Observ,, Lib. ì. 

Pyl, Aufsàtxe, 9aminl. i. 

Radbmacher, in Hirfel, Journ,, iv. 

i^2 OPIUM. 

RElNEGGSy in Bluminhach^s Med, BibL, \. 
Renodaeus, Mat, Med., Lib. ì. 

RoLANDSON, Marten, in V^etensk, Acad, Handling,^ i773» pt^ii. 
RuDGERi, Omvens Noctes Haganét, Vorr. 
RiEDLiN, Lin. Med., ann. iv, Dee. 
RuEF, DE, App. ad Nova Ada Nat. Cur.^ v. 
Saar, Jon. J ac, Reise nach dem Orient. 
Sachs von Lewenheim, in Mise. Nat. Cur,^ ann. 2. 
Sauvages, NosoL MetAod., i. 
Schelhammer, in Mise. Nat. Cut., Dee. ii, ann. 5. 
Schweikert, in Hufel, Journ., viii. 
Stalpaart van der Wiel, Cent. ii. 
Stenzelius, De l^enenis, i. 
Stutz, in Hufei. Journ,, viii. 
SwiETEN, VAN, Comment,, i. 
Thompson, Al., Diss. de Opto. 
Tralles, De Usu et Abusu Opti, i. 

Thuessink, £v. Jo. Thomassen a, Diss. de Opii usu in Syphilitidt, L. B... 17S5. 
Vermandois, no refcrcnee. 

ViCAT, Plantes Feneneuse de la Stdsse. — Observaiionum Delectus. 
Waldschmid, J. J., Monita Medica circa Opium, Marburg, 1679. 
Ward, in Neues Journ. d. Auslànd. Med. Literatur, iv. 
Wedel, Opioiogia. 
Wepfer, De ApopUxia. 
Whytt, Nenv Edinb. Essays. 
WiLLis, Fharm, Rat. 
YouNG, Treatise on Opium, Edinb., 1753. 

In the Fragmenta de rir. there are 174 symptoms, in the ist edit. 578, in the ind 
cdit. 638, and in this 3rd edit. 66%."] 


Vertigo from stooping (aft. 20 h.). 

Vertigo. [C. C. Matth-«i, in Hufel, Journ,^ xi, 2.^ — Younc, 
Treatise on Opium?' — Tralles, De usu et Abusu Opii? — Clark, 
Essays and Obs. Phys. and Lit.^ edit. 3, 1771.* — Murray, Apparai. 
Med.^ ii, p. 282.*] 

Vertigo and stupefaction of the head. [Matthjei, 1. e] 
Great vertigo compels him to lie down. [Matth^i, 1. e] 
5. Vertigo, as if ali went round in a circle with him. [Schel- 
hammer,^ in Mise. Nat. Cur..^ Dee. ii, ann. 2, obs. 12.] 
Giddy, anxious, insane. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 283.] 
Vertigo and confusion of the head. [Young, 1. e] 
Giddy intoxication, he staggered hither and thither. [Al. Thom- 
son, Diss. de Opio.^ p. 121.^] 

Intoxication. [Rademacher, in Hufel. Jour.^ iv, 3, p. 587.* — 
Buchner, Diss. de Opio, Halae, 1748, § 45.'']. 

* Observations on patients. 

^ Observations and statements. 

' Poisoning of a man by twenty grains (wrongly given as " Clarek "). 

* General statement. 

* From pills of styrax and opium. 

* From tineture Thebaiea given in dysentery. 
7 Net aeeessible. 

OPIUM. 293 

IO. A kind of intoxication, that prevented her supporting herself on 
her legs. [Leroux, Journ. de Medy\ 

In larger doses than those that cause cheerfulness, opiutn excites 
intoxication. [Tralles, 1. e] 

Cloudiness of the head (immediately). [De la Croix^ Journ, de 
Med,^ xxxix.'] 

Dulness in the head, with a dry hot feeling in the eyes, and 
inclination of the eyes to shut, without sleepiness, with a sensation as 
if he had not slept the previous night. [C/z.] 

Tlie head is heavy, and as if intoxicated (for 12 hours). [Tralles, 
1. e, p. lOI.] 
15. Confiision of the head. [Matth^i, 1. e] 

Confusion of the head, as if smoke had got into the brain.*^ 
[Matth^i, 1. e] 

Stupor. [Bergius,* Mat. Med.^ p. 482.] 

Stupefaction of the intellect, as if he had a board in front of the 
head, and vertigo compelling him to He down ; then trembling of the 
body for some time.*^ [Mattoni, 1. e] 

Violent stupefaction and intoxication (from the smeli of a large 
quantity of opium). [Lorry, Journ, Encyclop.^ i, part ii, p. 72.^] 
20. Dufl stupefaction, with dull eyes and excessive powerlessness. 
[Matth-«i, 1. e] 

Stupefaction and insensibility, and yet he answers rationally. 
[ViCAT, Plantes Vénéneuses de la Suisse^ p. 226.'^ (Comp. with 40.) 

Sensation in the head as if he had slept offa severe wine debauch 
and awoke. [Tralles, 1. e, p. joi.] 

Obtuseness of the intellect, short anxious respiration, in which 
the chest is raìsed high ; the eyes look dead and are full of water. 
[Matth.«i, 1. e] 

Copious flow of ideas with gaiety. 
25. It makes his mind livelier and more disposed to serious, impor- 
tant work. [Wedel, Opiologia^ p. 165.®] 

More disposed to elevated contemplations ali night, without 
sleep. \Misc. Nat. Cur.j Dee. ii, ann. x, obs. 8o.'] 

Ali inclination to sleep disappeared (after taking opium the 
previous evening), the imaginative faculty and the memory became 
exaltcd to a wonderfiil degree, so that he was compelled, as it wcre, 
to pass the night in the most profound meditations ; at day dawn he 
slumbered for some hours, but then could no longer recai ali that he 

' From nearly a drachm, in a woman of 51. 

' From two grains taken by a woman in a clyster (p. 313). Prcceded by a feeling 
as if something mounted to her head. 

' From a mixture of Hoffmann^s anodyne and opium : momentarily occurring. 

* General statement from authors (p. 458). 
» AiS. 16. 

* Observations and statements. 

' From overdose of laudanum mixed with amber and nitre. (Ali the symptoms 
referred to Vicat belong to this case.) 
' Not accessible. 

* Statement (wrongly given EffA. Nat, Cur,), 

3^ OPIUM. 

tfc-rkfng d[ 2t =%Ie:.* [Rudges.!, Omwens Ndctes Haganét^ 
Skfv rrmHrrrintt, stspidSÉCT, irni r lfSAiicjs . [Willis, Pharm. 

Krrprìg ylmrr [BEmcnrs, I. e] 

3Cl WoàiKs af ■òfei. [F. C. Gannì, .^^ Nat. Cur.^ Hi, obs. 19.'] 

dqmt. [Bekcios, L c] 
^^CTAGCS, Ntsai. Metkaà. ì, p. 847.^ 
Oacaseaes oc tke misid. [Bohx, De ^fd§ WÈed.^ p. 362.^] 
AH dfec fiKmhàes of dfec mmd, aD the scnxs, are Munted. [Chardin, 
Fwfit^ em Peru^ AzBSt^ '77»t tom. ir, pp. 003, 204,*] 
35. I iMLfee nce co poìn ani to pleJBure. [Rjbinegos,* in Blumen- 
im.'ky àkL &U. i, I.] 

Scnpeàcòoo, ìodìKicxicc. •'Xr. Jo. Thomassen a Thuessinic, 
Diss. se Ofiz aia sm Sffki£tUe^L. B. 1785, SJ] 

Coofttsàoa o£ die head ; he has no tme conccpdon of anything, 
and cannoc imdcrstand the sense of what he reads. [Schelhammer^ 


ofthesemes (aft. 8^ 12 h.). 
He docs noe knoiw hts nearest rdadres, nor the most familiar 

40. Obcitseness of senscs, insensiUc, almost unconscious of bis 
oòstencc, and jet his answcrs are tolcfably appropriate. [Schelham- 
MER. L e] (comp. with 21). 

Is noe in his right consdousness. [REniEGOS, 1. e] 

StupeÉKrtion of the scnses and loss of reason. [Fr. Hoffmann, 
Disi, di •piratime Ofit^ HaL, 1 700, p. 5.*] 

Blunts the scnsibOitj and sometimes takes it quite away. 
[Traixes, 1. e] 

Shc knew not what was gotng on around her and gave no sign of 
feeling; die limbs wcre llexible and ali the muscles were relaxed. 
Lassus, in AÙM. de Flmst. NatÌ9mal ie% Se. et Arts^ tom. ii.^ 
45. Obscuration and weakness of the understanding ; self>deception, 

* The symptoms of the mìnd and dispositioa caused by opium cannot be so easily 
separated as thosc caused br odier medìcmes, so that we can place the fbnner at the 
commencement among the head s]rinptoiiìs, and the latter at the end of ali the other 
symptoms, becaose in opium both generally occur togcther. When opium is used for 
palliatÌTely suppressing pains, spasms, and the opposite mental and moni states (as in 
SS. 6 >9, 15, 612, 613, 611, 605, 614), or even for dispelling naturai night-sleep (in 
this btter case in some degree homceopathically), it produces in their stead usiially 
tuch mental ecstasies and emotional transports— ali transient prìmaiy action. These 
ccstasies and transports often dosely resemble the inner lucid waking of the somnam- 
bulitts (dainroyance). 

From laudanum taken for spasms of legt. 

Ezperiments on self with gr. j — iij, 

From 51» of laudanum drunk by a boy of 15. 

Symptoms not fbund. 

Statements as to opium-eaten. 

Account of the eftects of opium-eating. 

Not accessible. 

General statement. 

From twenty-six grains taken by a woman of 6o. 

OPIUM. 295 

as if his eyes were four times Urger and bis body ^ of gigantic size. 


He feels as ìf be flew or floated in tbe air, and as if ali turned 
round witb bim. [Schelhammer, 1. e] 

He is not destitute of sigbt and bearing, but of tbe senses of taste, 
smeli and touch in regard to external obiects ; and yet be feels tbe 
coldness of bis own body' (aft. i^ b.). [Schelhammer, 1. e] 

Stuptdity. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Stupidity, ìndifFerence to external objects. [Crumpe, Natur und 
Eigensch. des Up?^ 

50. Stupiditv and imbecility. [Haller, in Pralect. in Boerh» Instit., 
iv, p. 519.*] 

Opium eaters are drowsy and almost stupid. [Alpin/ Med. 
^^gypt* iv, cap. i.] 

Opium eaters are always lazy and intoxicated. [Alpin, 1. e] 

Want of memory. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Loss of memory. [Bergius, 1. e] 
55. Often weakness of memory (from the frequent use of opium), 

[WlLLIS,« 1. e] 

Loss of memory for several weeks. [Willis, 1. e] 
Long continued loss of memory. [Cocq,^ in Stalpaart van 
DER WiEL, Observ.y cent, ii, obs. 41.] 

Lost memory. [Bonet, Sepulcret, Anatom,^ lib. i, sect. i, p. 214.^ *] 
Fluctuating conceptions. [Schelhammer, 1. e] 
60. Insensibility to modesty and tbe finer feelings. [Reineggs,1. c] 
The power of the will was lost at the merest trifle. [De Ruef,® 
Àpp, ad Nova Ada Nat, Cur., v., p. 63.] 

Opium eaters bave a reputation for nckleness ; they often promise 
what they besitate to perform (every one guards bimself from them, 
no one will bave anything to do witb them). [Alpin, 1. e, cap. 2.] 
Rush of blood to tbe orain. [Haller, 1. e, iv, p. Soo.l 
(Tbe cerebral vessels were distended witb blood.) [Mead,' De 
Fenenisj in Opera ^ t. ii, p. 190, edit. Gòtting.] 
65. Pulsation of the arteries of tbe head. [Charvet,^® 1. e] 

He bears the arteries bringing the blood to the brain. [Charvet, 
1. e] 

• Note to 48, 49, 50, 51, 5», 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58. — If ali thcse states are long 
continued they becomt permanent after a prolonged repetition of indulgence in opium ; 
they then aniount to the chronic disease, to a kind or paralysis of the mental organs, 
which may well be incurable (53 to 58 secondary action). 

' Obserrer says nothing about his body. 

' The laK clause in the originai is — *^ He felt his cheeks cold when he touched 

' General statement (p. 38). 

* General statement. 

* Generai statements as to Egyptian opium-eaters. 

* Observations and statements. 
' Symptom not found. 

* General statement. 

* General statement. This is merely an hvpothesis thrown out by the author. 
^ Experìments with various doses (Act, de fOfium, Paris, 1826). 

296 OPIUM. 

Very painful headache, involving the occiput. [D'Outrepont.^] 

Onesided headache in the forehead as if it pressed out, diminished 
by external pressure. 

Headache like outward pressure in the forehead. 
70. Tearing and pecking in the forehead, sour eructation, sour vomit- 
ing, she must lie down and then she perspired. 

Single twitches in the tempora! muscles. 

A kind of pressure in the forehead that seemed to extend to the 
eyes and nose. [Charvet, 1. e] 

A sensation of tension in the head. [Charvet, 1. e] 

Headache. [Matth^i, 1. e, viii, 4.] 
75. Violent headache. [Muzell,* IVahrnehmungen^ ii, p. 131.] 

Aching pain in the head. [Matth-«i, 1. e, viii, 4 ; and xi, 2.] 

Pain as if ali were lacerated in the head and sensation as if ali 
turned round in the body, with cross discomfort. [Cfz.] 

Heaviness of the head. [Murray, 1. e. — Bergius, 1. e, p. 482. 

For sevcral days very heavy head, the occiput like lead, so 
that the head.always fell back and he could not hold it up. [Tralles, 
1. e, p. 87.] 
80. He cannot hold the head up ; it sways to and fro. [Tralles, 
I. e, i, p. 283.] 

Sunken, pale face. [Pyl, Aufsàtze^ Samml. i, p. 95.^] 

Pale face. [^Sche."] 

Frequent alternation of redness and paleness of the face. 

Paleness of the face and nausea, with sensation of drowsiness and 
diminution of ali secretions and excretions, often even of the perspira- 
tion. [A. Thuessink, 1. e] 
85. Pale face and forehead, glassy eyes.* [Sauvages, 1. e] 

Earthy complexion. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Earthy pale complexion, dull eyes full of water ; he slumbers 
with half open eyes, observes nothing, givcs irrelevant answers, passes 
bis fseces involuntarily, sinks down in a heap, and has short anxious 
respiration. [Matth^i, 1. e] 

Bluish and earthy complexion. [Grimm, 1. e] 

Appearance of the face as if he had not slept enough, or had 
been dissipating during the night, with sunken, blinking e)'es. [C/z.] 
90. Ali the facial muscles appear to be relaxed, whereby the coun- 
tenance has a stupid expression ; the lower lip has a tendency to 
bang down loosely, the nostrils are wide open, and the upper eyelid 
can with difficulty be raised. [Sche!\ 

Red spots on the pale cheeks. [Matth-«i, 1. e] 

Bloated face.^ [Thompson, 1. e, p, 120. — Young, 1. e] 

* From a large dose taken by a woman eight months gonc in pregnancy {Deutsche 
Zeitschrift f, Geburtikundey i, 1, 99). 

^ From a mixture of opium and spiritus corna cervi, 
s From a large dose of the extract in a man of 50—60. 

* Observer adds ** fixcd ** before " glassy.*' 

* " Somewhat swoUen " would better represent the ori^nal. 

OPIUM. 297 

Bloated hccj hot, dry skin, white tongue, hoarseness, very 
oppressed breathing, haemoptysis.^ [Young, 1. e] 

Dark red face.^ [Vicat, 1. e] 
95. Quite red face. [MattHìEI, 1. e] 

Red, bloated, swollen face. [Murray, 1. e. — Muller, in HuJeL 
yourn,^ xviii, iv.^J 

Cherry-brown face. [Schweikert, in HufeL Journ,^ viii, 3.*] 

Distended blood-vessels in the face. [Rieneggs, 1. e] 

Red, bloated face and distended blood-vessels on the head. [Hoff- 
MANN, 1. e] 
100. Red &ce and red eyes. [Berger, I. e] 

Red fece and red inflamed eyes. [J. Hunter, Ueber de Vener, 
KranÀh.y p. 640.*] 

Uncommon redness of fece with swollen lips. [Hamberger, Diss. 
di Opioy Jen., 1749, § i6.«] 

Face not merely red, but aa if inflamed. [Hecquet,''' Rejlexions sur 
tusage de tOfìurriy Paris, 1726, p. 184.] 

Face quite red, with wild, projecting, red eyes. [Stentzel, De 
VenenUy 1, § 46.^ 
105. Distorted features, silence, open eyes. [Aepli, sen., in HufeL 
Journ., XXV, 3.»] 

Spasms of the fecial muscles. [Knebel, in HufeL yourn,^ xxvi, 

Spasmodic movements of the facial muscles (aft. 7 d.). [Levesque- 
Blasource, in yourn, de Médec.^ 1808, July.^^J 

Convulsive trembling of the facial muscles, lips, tongue. [Aepli, 
1. e] 

Bright, sparkling eyes. [Matth^i, 1. e] 
no. Staring eyes ofcxcessive brightness. [Muller, 1. e] 

Glassy, projecting, immovable eyes that see nothing, like those of 
a dying person. [Vicat, Observationum Delectus^ p. 242.] 

Immobility of the pupils to light. [Murray, 1. e] 

Dilated pupils (the first h.). 

Pupils easily dilated. 
115. Contracted pupils. 

The eyes only half shut, the pupils dilated, their contractility 
gonc. [Kilian, in Med. AnnaL^ 1800, Oct.^^] 

Open eyes with pupils turned upwards. [Pyl, 1. e] 

' From opium taken for an incipient colti when in a plcthoric state (S. 144, 305, 
3>6, 33», 578, ali belong to this observation). 

• Not found. 

' From a mixture of tinct. Thcbaica and HofFmann^s anodyne given for a nervous 
affection (p. 55). 
^ Not round. 
^ Observations on patients. 

• A general statement citcd from Geoffroy. 
' Not accessible. 

• From mixture of opium and rhnbarb given to a baby for colie. 

• Observation on a cnild with whooping-cougli (p. 148). 

*• From large doses in a man (voi. xvi, part i, pp. 21 — 24). 
" Not accessible. 

2>^ OPIUM. 

ScttsiboQ in dfec cjes as if thej were too large for the orbits. 

[CHAxrrr, L e,] 

He 5£2res at those about him, wìdi wateiy eyes, but he knows 

DOC whaz Ì5 gocng co, and cannoc recognise people. [Reineggs,!. c] 
1 22. Sparks beibre the crcs.^ [Clawl, 1. e] 

Dìmaess af risìon, it is as if he saw through a veil. [Mùller, 1. e] 
Blackness befòre his cycs and he is giddv. [Matthjki, 1. e] 
He is pcrfecùy sensifale, but com|dains that his eyes become dark, 

and he is blind* (aft. 4 h.)- [Willk, 1. e] 

lìng of the \awcT eydids. [Grimm, 1. cj 

125. The erdids bang down as if psuralysed. [D*C5utrepont, 1. e] 
Trembling erelids, whidi ooljhajf cover the ^obes. [Guiand.'^ 
DuU roaring in the ears, after eating (aft. 4 h.). [Charvet, 1. e/ 
Humming in the cars (very soon). [Charvet, 1. e] 
Ringing in the ears, [Young, 1. e. — Murray, 1. e] 

I jO. The k^nrer lip is painfiil ^riien he touches it with the upper teeth 
or widi the fingers. [5cA^.] 

Dxstortion of the moudi.* [Lorrt, 1. e] 

Trismus. [De la Oeoix, — Pyl, 1. e] 

Violcnt pains of the lower jaw^ (aft. 7 d.). [Levesque-Bla- 

SOCRCE, 1. C. j 

Her mouth could only he opened by force, and she could with 
dificultr swallow some spoonfUls of fluid. [De la Croix, 1. e] 
135. Pain of the upper jaw (aft. 8 h.). 


Looseness of the teeth. 

Fine eroding pain in the nerres of the tooth (aft. 8 h.). 

The lower jaw hangs down. [Kilian, 1. e] 
140. Paralysis of the tongue. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

The voice is weak when he speaks j he can only speak loud with 
an efibrt. [Crz«] 

He cannot speak with open mouth. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

He stammers. [Reikeggs, L c] 

VVhite tongue. [Young,— Grimm, 1. e] 
145. Black tongue. [Levesque-Blasource, I. e] 

Flow of saliva. [Hargens, in HufeU youm.^ ix, 2.* — Reineggs, 
1. e] 

Profuse flow of saliva. [Alston, Edinb. Vers.^ v, 1.^ 

Flow of saliva as from mercury. [A Thuessink, 1. e] 

Saliva flowed constantly from the mouth. [Kilian, 1. e] 
150. Suppresses the secretion of the salivary glands, the nasal mucus, 
and that of the glands of the larynx. [Murray, 1. e] 

' The originai is— " he thought flashes of fire carne ^m his ejres.** 
' Just bcfore death. 
' Not accessible. 

* With delirium. 

* These are described as ** rapid and momcntaiy.*' 

' Observation on a patient, a phthisical old woman, who had this svmptom when- 
ever she took opium to check a colliquatlve diarrhoea. Not fbund under Reineggs. 
7 Observations. (From Enays and Obser^ations, Edinb., v, 93.} 

OPIUM. 299 

Inspissates the saliva, the nasal mucus, the mucus of the wind- 
pipe, and makes the tongue dry, [Young, 1. e] 

Dryness of the tongue^ palate and &uces, without desire to drink. 

Feeling of dryness of the anterior part of the tongue, without 
thirst, in the morning. 

With dryness of the mouth, without desire for drink, chili over 
the abdomen. 
155. Dryness of the whole mouth, with little thirst. [Sche,'] 

Dryness at the back of the throat. [Bergius, 1. e] 

Dryness in the throat and on the tongue. [Ettmuller, Diss. de 
vi Opti diaphor.y Lips., 1694, cap. i, § 5,^ — Murray, 1. e] 

Dryness of the mouth, so that he can hardly utter a word. 


Great thirst, especially for small beer. [MATTH-ffii, 1. e] 
i6o. Urgent thirst. [Ettmuller, — Murray, 1. e] 

Produces small ulcers in the mouth and on the tongue. 
[Matthiolus, in Tralles^ 1. e, § iv, p. 190.*] 

Causes ulcers on the palate and tongue. [Wedel, 1. e, p. 26.] 

When chewed it burns the mòuth and tongue, and inflames the 
fauces. [L1NDESTOLPE, De Venenis^ p. 591.^] 

Causes intolerable biting burnìng like pepper on the tongue. 
[Boerhaave, Praelect.^ iv, p. 529.!] 
165. On the neck distended veins, and violently beating arteries.^ 
[Matth-«i, 1. e] 

Difficulty of swallowing. [Lassus, 1. e] 

Impossibility of swallowing. [Aepli, 1, e] 

Bitterness of the mouth. [Grimm, 1. e] 

Insipida fiat, almost no taste. 
170. Sour taste. 

Bitter taste in the mouth, the next morning. [Charvet^ 1. e] 


(In large doses) it takes away the appetite immediately. [Willis, 
1. e] 

Loss of appetite. [Joerdens, in HufeU Journ,^ xvii, 1.^ — 
Reineggs, — Bergius, 1. e] 
175. Want of appetite for food and drink. [Murray, 1. e] 

He loathes everything. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

For a long time distaste for ali food. [Tralles, § i, p. 142.] 

Extreme loathing of food with great weakness. [Mattha:i, l.c] 

Extreme loathing of animai food, with dirty tongue. [Matth^i, 

* From tasting opium. [Rather, from retaining it some time in the mouth. The 
same holds good of S. 161.] 

f Taken into the mouth in some quantity. 

^ General statement. 

' No distinction is made in the originai between veins and arteries. 

' Observation on self, when taking laudanum to secure sleep. 

300 OPIUM. 

i8o. He wishes to eat, but has scarcely taken a morsel when he 
desires no more. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Increased appetite. 

Ravenous hunger in frequent fits, sometimes with insipid taste in 
the mouth (aft. 3 and more h.). 

Ravenous hunger. [Kampfer,^ Amoen, exot.^ fase, iii, obs. 15.] 

Ravenous hunger, with distension and oppression of the stomach 
after eating. [Manchart,^ Eph, Nat. Cur.y cent, i, obs. 15.] 
1 85. Excessi ve hunger with great exhaustion. [Ward, in Neues Joum, 
d, Au sland, Med. Literatur^ iv, 1 .'] 

Ravenous hunger with loathing of food. [Grimm, 1. e] 

Nausea. [Grimm, — Matthjei, 1. e, viii, 4.] 

Inclination to vomit. [Matthjei, 1. e, xi, 2.] 

Frequent loathing and vomiting. [J. J. Waldschmid, Monita 
Medica circa 0^/wwi, Marburg, 1679.*] 
190. Violent, inefFectual retching. JTMatthjei, 1. e] 

InefFectual effbrts to vomit. [Charvet, 1. e] 

Vomiting (after a few minutes). 

Inclination to vomit on moving. [Charvet, 1. e] 

Vomiting after eating. [Charvet, 1. e] 
195. EfPorts to vomit, haematemesis. [Hecquet, 1. e, p. 314.] 

Excites vomiting. [Wedel, 1. e] 

A long with stomachache and convulsive movements she vomits. 
[ JuNCKER and Boehmer, Di ss, sistens casum Matrona largissimo usu 
Opii tractata^ Halae, 1744, p. 7.*] 

Constant vomiting. [Pyl, 1. e, p. 94.] 

Vomiting of green matter. [De la Croix, 1. e] 
200. Insensibility of the stomach to emetics. [Murray, 1. e] 

Eructation (aft. 5 h.). [Grimm, 1. e] 

Full in the stomach. [Joerdens, 1. e] 

Stomachache. [Bohn, 1. e] 

Hiccough continued, with short interruptions. [Schwkikert, in 
HufeL yourn.^ viii, 3.] 
205. Great aching in the stomach (immediately). [Willis, 1. e] 

Weakness of stomach. 

Pressure in the stomach, as if a stone lay there (aft. 2 h.). 

Immediately after a meal violent pressure in the gastric region, 
relieved by walking. [C/z.] 

Painful ^ distension of the stomach. [D'Outrepont, 1. e] 
210. After dinner, extremely annoying pressure over the stomach, as 
if he had eaten too much or too hard food, which was relieved by 
movement in the open air. \^Sche,'\ 

Violent pains in the stomach. [Levesque-Blasource, 1. e] 

* Observation on self in health. 

' From a grain of crude opium taken by self. Said by reporter to be a common 
occurrence with him. (Wrongly printed " Mouchard.") 

* From cxtcmal application. 

* Not accessible. 
5 I. f. to touch. 

OPIUM. 301 

Quickly, stomachache and compression of the diaphragm. [Fr. 
HoFFMANN, Diss. di correcttone Opii.y Hai., 1702, § 16.^] 

Constrìctive pain in the stomach, whìch is intolerable and causes 
deathly anxiety. [Young, 1. e.*] 

Weakens the stomach. [Haller, 1. e, p. 519.] 
215. Makes the digestion slower and dimlnishes the appetite. [Geof- 
FRoy, Mat. Med,^ ii.*] 

Slow digestion. [Willis, 1, e. cap. 2.] 

Deranges the digestion, excites a feeling of weight and compres- 
sion in the stomach, and an indescribable uneasiness in the scrobi- 
culus cordis. [Ettmùller, 1. e] 

Painful distension of the scrobiculus cordis. [Tralles, 1. e, 
p. 142.] 

The abdomen is distended especially in the umbilical region. 
[De la Croix, 1. e] 
220. Feeling of distension of the abdomen^ and particularly of the 

In the stomach and bowels accumulation of flatulence. [Murray, 
1. ci 

Distended abdomen. [De la Croix, — Tralles, 1. c.^ 

Abdomen tense and painful, [J. Hunter, 1. e] 

Bellyache, as from a purgative (aft. \ h.). 
225. Bellyache, as from a chili. 

Bellyache of simple pain, as if bruised (aft. 2 h.). 

Aching and pressing distension of the abdomen as if it would 
burst ; it was relieved by bodily exertion, on sitting down the aching 
returned (aft. 2 h.). [G«.] 

Constant development of flatulence. [Tralles, 1. e, pp. 142, 
148. — Reineggs, 1. e] 

Frequent discharge of flatus (aft. 24 h.). [(?«.] 
230. Sensation of a weight in the abdomen, in the umbilical region, 
with anxiety, sensation of transient, internai beat, and stupefaction 
of the head (aft. i h.). 

Throbbing in the abdomen. 

Aching and tensive pain in the abdomen (aft. 24 h.). 

Stitches in the left side of the abdomen, also when not breathing 
(aft. 3 h.). 

Bellyache beforè and after evacuation of the bowels. 
235. Pressure and heaviness in the abdomen as from a stoiie. [Ch. G. 
BuTTNER, Unterr. iiber d, Tòdtlichk, d, Wunden^ p. 224.^] 

Drawing pain in the abdomen. [Matth^i, 1. e] 

Pain in the abdomen, as if the bowels were cut to pieces. 
[JuNCKER and Bòhmer, 1. e, p. 8.] 

• From opium taken immediatcly after dinner. [Young's statement is that the 
man took bis dose *^ after a plentiful supper and load of liquor.""] 

* Not accessible. 

' General statement. 

• Observation (p. 204). 

302 OPIUM. 

Inactivity of the bowels and retained stool.^ [Wilus, 1. e] 

Paralysis of the bowels.^ [PV'j !• C'> P- 94-] 
240. Almost always binds the bowels. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 145O 

Rare evacuations. [Murray, 1. e] 

Constant retention of the stool and costiveness. [Tralles, 1. e, 
p. 144.] 

Retention of the intestina! evacuations. 

Faeces and urine interrupted. [Kilian, 1. e] 
245. Constipation for ten days (ending in death). [Pyl, 1. e] 

Hard stool, preceded by pinching in the abdomen and flatus. [Gn.] 

When straining at stool sensation as if the passage through the 
rectum were closed. 

Hard stool only passed with an efFort, for six days. [Gra.] 

Costiveness for six or eight weelcs, with anorexia ; the excrements 
only come away with clysters, and in the form of small hard balls. 
[JuNCKER and Bòhmer, 1. e, p. 8.] 
250. Costiveness for several months. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 145.] 

Stool in small hard lumps,with labour-like pains, as in parturìtion. 
[Tralles, 1. e, p. 146.] 

Almost incurable, chronic costiveness. [Waldschmid, 1. e, 

Opium sometimes causes diarrhoea (in its secondary action). 

[H AMBERÒ ER, 1. C, | I5.] 

Evacuation of the bowels, pappy stool (immediately or 

within J h.). 
255. Very fcetid stool (aft. 20 h.). 

Increased faecal evacuation. [Bauer,^ in ^cta Nat. Cur.^ ii, obs. 


Watery diarrhcea. [Bautzmann,* in AUsc. Nat. Cur.y Dee. ii, 

ann. 8.*] 

Evacuation of a black matter by stool (aft. 24 h.). [Levesque- 
Blasource, 1. e] 

Fluid frothy stools, with itching burning in the anus and violent 
tenesmus. [Grimm, 1. e] 
260. Very foetid diarrhoea. [Grimm, 1. e] 

Violent painful movements of the fcetus, often remitting for 
hours, but recurring in stili ereater intensity. [D'Outrepont, 1. e] 

The uterus was soft.^ [D'Outrepont, 1. e] 

Horrible labour-like pains in the uterus, which compelled her to 
bend the abdomen doublé, with anxious, almost ineiFectual urging to 
stool (aft. \ h.). 

Horrible pressing-asunder pain in the rectum (between 4 and 6 h.). 

* Whenever she uses opium for her toothache. 

* In the originai — " dulness or difficulty of evacuation.** 
' Rather— " the intestines seemed paralysed." 

* Observation. 

* Observation (Obs. 44). 

» In the originai— "The uterus was so soft that the movements of the cbild"— 
see previous symptom — "could be felt extemally." This was coincident with a 
general paralysed state. 

OPIUM. 3^3 

265. Lemon-cdoured urine, with much sediment. [Grimm, I. e] 

Dark coloured urine. [Riedlin, Lin. Med,^ ann. iv, Decemb., 
obs. 16.^] 

Dark urine and dry tongue (in himself). [Young, 1. e] 

Very dark rcd urine, which deposits a sediment. [Matthtei, 
1. ci 

Haematuria. [Hecquet, 1. e] 
270. Very scanty, very red urine, without cloudiness. [Matth^i, 
1. e] 

The urine has a brick-coloured sediment. [Charvet, 1. e] 

Sensation when straining to pass urine as if the passage to the 
urethra were closed. 

Involuntaryinterruptionof the stream when urinating. [Charvet, 
1. e] 

He can only pass the urine after long straining. [Charvet, 1. e] 
275. He passes little urine of very dark red colour, with cutting pains 
while urinating. [Matth-si, 1. e] 

Suppresses the evacuation of urine. [Murray, 1. e] 

Urine suppressed. [Kilian, 1. e] 

Retention ©furine. [Matth^i, 1. e. — Hunter, 1. e, p. 641.] 

Opium suppresses the secretion of urine. [Pitcairne, Diss. de 
Circulatione in Animalibus genius et non genius^ L. B., § 13.^] 
280. Retention of urine, with quite dry mouth and increased thirst. 
[Matthjei, L c] 

Keeps back the evacuation of urine. [Ettmuller, 1. e, §§ 


Weakens the contractile power of the bladder. [De Haller, De 

Pariib, corp, irritab. et sensib,y sect. 2.^] 

Opium sometimes suppresses sometimes promotes the urine. 
[Geoffroy, 1. e] 

Excites the urinary secretion. [Willis, 1. e. — Berger, 1. e, 

* a.] 
285. Stiflhess of the penis during sleep^ and after waking complete 

impotence. [Stalpaart van der Wiel, cent, ii, obs. 41.*] 

Excessive stiiFness of the penis. [Moses Charas, Pharm, Reg.j 
cap. 51.*^] 

Exalted sexual desire, with erections, pollutions, and lascivious 
dreams. [Murray, 1. e] 

Exaltation of the sexual desire, erections of the penis, nocturnal 
emissions of semen. [Geoffroy, 1. e] 

Lascivious dreams and nocturnal emissions of semen. [Wedel, 
1. e, il, 3.] 
290. It excites the sexual desire. [Wedel, 1. e] 

Amorous ecstacy, erection of the penis for twenty-four hours, 

* Obscrvation. 
' Observations. 

* Not found. 

* From 5ss of solid opium. 

* Symptoms not found. 

304 OPIUM. 

lascivious dreams, nocturnal seminai emissìons. [Tralles, 1. e, i\ 

p. 131] 

Nocturnal seminai emission (the ist n.). 

At night amorous pictures of fancy, pollutions. [Ch. de 
Hellwich, BresL Sammlungen^ 1702.^] 

Uncontrollable lechery. [Joh. Jac. Saar, Riise nach dem 
295. In some excitation, in others diminution of the sexual desire. 
[Sachs von Lewekheim, in Afisc, Nat, Cur.^ ann. 2, obs. 6q.^] 

Sluggishness of the sexual desire. [Renodaeus, Afat. Med.^ lib. 
1, sect. 13, cap. 2.*] 

Is considered as emasculating and weakening the sexual desire. 
[Wedel, 1. e] 

Excitation of the sexual passion. 

Impotence. [Charvet, 1. e] 
300. Impotence of the male. [Reineggs, 1. e. — Garcias ab Horto, 
Htst, Aromat,^ i, cap. 4.^] 

Cooling of the sexual desire. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Increased menstrual flux (aft. 2 h.). 

Opium left the menses regular, even in a case where the patient 
had swallowed for thirty years a drachm and more daily, on account 
of very painful and spasmodic attacks. [Juncker and Bòhmer, 1. e] 

* • » 

In the warm room, after walking in the open air, stoppage of the 
nose like a stuiFed cold. \Gn!\ 
305. Hoarseness. [Young, 1. e] 

Hoarseness, with very dry mouth and white tongue. [Grimm, 
1. ci 

Extreme hoarseness. [Young, 1. e] 

Hoarseness, as from mucus in the windpipe. 

She coughed while swallowing fluid. \Ù^ la Croix, I. e] 
3 1 o. The cough becomes worse after eating. 

Hollow, very dry cough (immediately after taking it) ; it goes 
off again quickly. 

Attack of violent, dry cough; thereafter yawning and sudden 
loud cry (aft. 36 h.). 

He becomes suddenly blue in the face and wants to cough, bu t 
the breathing stops (suffocative spasm) ; thereafter deep 5 leep with 
cold sweat of the body (aft. 30 h.). 

Cough when swallowing. [De la Croix, 1. e' 
315. He coughs up frothy mucus. [Matth^i, I. e] 

Haemoptysis. [Young, 1. e] 

Expectoration of thick, bloody mucus. [Matth/ei, 1. e] 

Keeps back bloody expectoration and stool. [Thompson, 1. e] 

Quick breathing. [Buchner, 1. e, § 45.] 

* Not acxressible. 

' Statement as to use of opium by Chinese. 

• General statement. 
^ Statement. 

' Observation. 

OPldM. 305 

320. Quick, oppresseci, anxious breathing. [Grimm, 1. e] 
More rapid, difScult breathing. [Murray, 1. e] 
Breathing always shorter and shorter. [Sauvages, I. e] 
Slow breathing. 

DifScult, tight breath, especially at night. 
325. Sometimes single deep respirations, sometimes cessation of breath- 
ing for a minute at a time. 

The respirations are long and sighing. [Charvet, 1. e] 
Short, stertorous ^ respiration, which from time to time ceases for 
half a minute. [Pyl, 1. e, p. 95.] 

DifScult respiration. [Tralles, 1. e] 

Attacks of anxiety of short duration, with short, tight respiration, 
and trembline of arms and hands. [C/z.] 
330. Difficult breathing and anxiety.' [Hamberger, 1. c.^ §§ 10 and 


Anxiety with contraction and tightness of the chest. [Matth^i, 


Òonstriction of the chest, as if it were stifF; difScult respiration. 
[YouNG, 1. e] 

Tightness of the chest as if pleurisy were about to occur^ and 
tension in the shoulder- biade. [Gabr. Clauder, in Eph, Nat, Cur., 
Dee. il, ann. 5, obs. 178.^] 

Spasmodic tightness of the chest.* [Young, 1. e] 
335. Tightened and difScult respiration and praecordial anxiety. 
[Fr. Hoffmann, Med. Rat. Syst,y ii, p, 270.^] 

Obstructed respiration, tightness of the chest. [Stutz, in HufeU 
Jntrn.^ viii, 3.*] 

Difficult, obstructed respiration. [Vicat, PL Veneri,^ 1. e] 

Deep stertorous breathing. [Sauvages, 1. e] 

Difficult deep breathing. [De la Croix, 1. e] 
340. Panting, loud breathing.7 [Willis, Pharm. rat.j p, 305.] 

Loud, difficult breathing. [Lassus, 1. e] 

He fetches bis breath with the greatest efFort and anxiety, with 
open mouth. [Grimm, 1. e] 

The respiration was sometimes stertorous and loud, sometimes 
difficult and very weak. [Leroux, 1. e] 

Loud, laboured, rattling respiration. [De la Crodc, 1. e] 
345* Slow, difficult, stertorous breathing. [Crumpe, 1. e] 

Groaning, slow breathing (aft. 4 h.). [Muzell, 1. e] 

Groaning,^ interrupted respiration. [Aepli, 1. e] 

The inspiration is interrupted. [Alibert, 1. e.*] 

• Instead of «« schnarchendes/* snoring, Pyl says " rochclndcs/' rattling. 

• ** Anxiety " not found in originai. 

' Experiment with an extract prepared with sulphurìc acid. 
^ In the originai, *< asthma.** 

• General statement (p. 173). ** Praecordial anxiety " not found. 
' From opium given in a convulsive attack (X. 4, 35-7). 

^ Not found. 

• Rather, " sobbing." 

• Not accessible. 

tql. n. 20 

3o6 OPIUM. 

Respiration imperceptible, sometimes with a noise. [Vbrmen- 

350. Irregular breathing threatening suiFocation. [Grimm, 1. e] 

Oppresseci and not merely difficult, but also irregular breathing. 

[WlLLIS, 1. e] 

Breathing ceasing for some minutes,^ then returning with a deep 
sigh. [Sauvages, 1. e] 

Cessation of respiration ; he was for fìve minutes as if dead, then 
short, sudden snatches of breath, as if hiccup would come on. 


The respiration ceases for a longer and longer time until death. 
[Sauvages, 1. e] 
355. Excessi ve aching pain in the right side of the chest, also when 
not breathing, with stitches in the same side while inspiring (aft. i h.). 

Drawing tearing pain in the side of the chest. 
Contractive (squeezing) pain in the sternum and back, felt when 

He feels heat in the chest (on himself). [B£LLO»aus, libr. 3, 
Observ.^ cap. 15.*] 

In the heart, buming as from live coals, so that he thinks he 
must die. [Juncker and Bòhmer, I. e, p. 7.] 
360. Pain in the hypochondria, especially the right. [Grimm, 1. e] 

Tension of the region below the ribs, which is verjr painfìil when 
touched (aft. 4 h.). [Grimm, 1. e] 

Tensive pain under the short ribs along where the diaphragm is 
attached, whilst breathing. 

Single twitches in the arms. [Rademacher, 1. e] 

Single twitches in the arms. 
365. In one or other arm a convulsive moving to and firo. 

Trembling of the left arm in fks (aft. 3 h.}. 

Formtcation as if asleep in the fingers, increased bj gras|Mng 

Itching in the arms and on the shoulder. [Matthjbi, 1. e] 

Trembling of the hands. [A Thuessink^ 1. e.} 
370, The (left) arm is paralyzed (aft. 48 h.). [Levbsque-Blasource, 
1. e] 

Disagreeable formication in the hands and feet, which changed 
into a frightftil, intolerable roUing. [Muller, I. e] 

Almost no feeling in the legs. [Youno, 1. e] 

Severe itching in the le|s, in the evening. [Matthjbi, 1. e] 

Weakness of the legs. [Grjmm, 1. e] 
375» Sensation sometimes as if flashes of fire, sometimes as if ice-cold 
water flowed through the blood-vessels. [Juncker and Bòhmer, 1. e] 

Drawing tearing pain in the back. 

He kicl^ his feet up and down as in convulsion, with sudden 
loud cry. 

Numbness in the foot. 

1 Not accessible. 

' Rather, " for a minute at a time." 

' From opium eating (p. 431). 

OPIUM. 307 

The foot is so stifF and sensitive that he cannot tread on it nor 
380. Swelling of the fbot. 

Heaviness of the feet after eating (aft. 2 h.). 

Frìghtfiil pains, that penetrate through the marrow of his bones,^ 
[Chardin, 1. e] 

Emaciation of the body. [Bergius, 1. e] 

Dropsical state of the body. [Reineggs, 1. e] 
385. Intolerance of the open air and feeling as if he would catch cold. 

Pale, bluish colour of the skin. [Grimm, I. e] 

Blueness of the skin of the body, especially of the genitals.^ 
[Aepli, 1. e] 

Blue spots herc and there on the body (aft. 15 h.). [Histoire de 
FAcademie des Scy 1735.^] 

Redness of the whole body. [J. Hunter, 1. e] 
390. Burnìng pain,* sometimes itching of the skin, [Matth-«i, 1. e] 

Burning, itching and elevation of the epidermis into pustules. 
[HEcquET, 1. e.*] 

Here and there in the skin pricking itching. 

Itching, especially on the upper part of the body, ftom the chest 
up over the face, especially the nose. [Matth^i, 1. e] 

Very tiresome itching. [Willis, 1. e] 
395. Tiresome itching ali over the body. [Berger, 1. e, § 3.] 

Redness and itching of the skin. [Geoffroy, 1. e] 

Itching ali over the body ; after scratching there come thick red 
lumps (wheals) which itch much, but soon go off. [Matthjei, 1. e] 

Cutaneous eruption and occasionai itching. [Freind,^ Opera^ 
tom. i, EmmenoL^ cap. 14, p. 139.] 

After perspirations, frequent cutaneous eruptions and smarting 
itching on the skin. [Tralles, 1. e] 
400. Small red,^ itching spots here and there on the skin. [Matth^i, 
1. e] 

Itching and formication in ali the limbs ^ (aft. 5 h.). Schel- 

HAMMER, 1. e] 

First diminution of sensibility, afterwards diminution of the 

Obtuseness and insensibility of the limbs. [Stutz, 1. e, x, 4.] 

Numbness and insensibility of the limbs with coldness of the 
whole body (aft. 2 h.). [Schelhammer, 1. e] 
405. Cold, stiff body.® [Pyl, 1. e] 

Tetanus. [Muzell, 1. e] 

* From taking opium frequenti/. 

In confìmied opium-eaters. 

During the opìsthotonos of S. 407. 

Not accessible. 

In the originai) simply " burning.'* 

General statement. 

Matthsei adds " thick " to " red." 

Schelhammer simply speaks of *< pniritus." 

**The whole body paralysed and stiff " is P/Ps tUtement. 

jo8 ÓPIUAt 

Beginning of opisthotonos. [Aepi:i, 1. e] 

Head bent bsickwards (a kind of tetanus of the nape) (aft. i h.). 

Tlie back ìs sdff and straight (a idnd of tetanus) (between land 2 h.). 

410. Bending of the trunk like a bow from the violent trembling 

movcment in the limbs, which strains ali the nerves. [Juncker and 

BÓHME&, 1. e] 

Stiffiiess of the whole body (aft. i h.). [LEyESQUE-BLASOURCE, 

Tetanus and cpilepdc convukions. [Stentzelius, de Venen, i\ 

Convulsions. [Van Swieten,^ 1. e, p. 372. — Ada Nat. Cur.j 
cent, i, obs. 54.^ — Schwedlert, 1. c.f] 

Spasmodic movements accompanied by crying. [Levesque- 
Blasource, 1. e] 
415. Convulsive movements. [Muzell, 1. e] 

Epilepsy. [MuzELL, I. e] 

Epileptic fits, with vioient delirium. [Muzell, 1. e] 

Foam before the mouth. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Restlessncss in the sound limbs, which cannot remain a moment 
in one place. [Matthjei, 1. e] 
420. Trembling in the whole body, as if he had been frìghtened, with 
single jerks of the body and twitchings in the limbs, in which only 
the flexor muscles are invoived, with extemal coldness of the body. 

Convulsive trembling of the limbs. fAEPU, 1. e] 

Spasmodic trembling of the limbs. [otutz, 1. e] 

Trembling movement in ali the limbs, which distorts ali the 
nerves. [Junoler and Bóhmer, 1. e] 

Staggerìng. [Reineggs, — Grimm, 1. e] 
425. Unsteadiness ; he cannot walk without staggerìng. [Schel- 

HAMMER, 1. e] 

Agrceable lassitude, as from intoxication. [Matthjei, 1. e] 

Slow, unsteady gait. 

Unconquerable lassitude. [Matth^i, 1. e] 

Laziness. [Stùtz, 1. e. — Fr. Hoffmann, de Correct. Opti, § 16.] 
430. Great desire to lean against everything, to stretch out the lower 
limbs lazily and to support the head on a hand. [Sche^ 

Feeling of strength. 

Exhaustion (aft. 8, 12 h.). 

Relaxation, laziness. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Lazy movement. [Murray, 1. e, p. 285.] 
435. Exhaustion ; every thing external is distasteftil to him, he is sleepy, 
dazed, stupefied, sad^ and bis memorv fails him. [Murray^ 1. c.^j 

Exhaustion. [Bergius, — (immeaiately) Wilus, 1. e] 

Checks the activity of the voluntary muscles, diminishes sensi- 
bility and hence induces sleep. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 1 io.] 

♦ Shortly before death. 

f From largc doses. 

t Whcn the prìmary action of the opium is passed. 

1 General statement. 

* From a largc dose of " Therìaca " givcn to a child of four weeks. 

OPIUM. 309 

- Diminishes (in robust persons) the power of the muscles subject 
to the will, causes weight of the head and great exhaustion. [Tralles, 
1. e, p. 107.*] 

Premature senih'ty. [Bbrgius, 1. e] 

440. It causes remarl^ble loss of the powers, and deprives the firm 

parts of tone and mobility. [Fa. Hoffmann, Med. Rat.^ ii, p. 270.] 

Relaxation of the limbs and weakness. [Hamberger, 1. e, § 16.] 

The power of movement of the muscles is depressed. [Ett- 

MULLBR, 1. e] 

Heaviness of the limbs (aft. ij h.). \GnJ] 
Weakness of the powers. [Kampfer, 1. e, p. 645. ti 
445. Apoplexy not rare. [Wepfer, de jtpoplexia^ p. 24.^ — Mead, 1. e, 

p. 133. — Van Swieten, 1. e, p. 325. — Lorry, 1. e] J 
òinking of the powers. [Clark, — Willis, 1. c.§] 
Debili^, sinking of the powers. [Reineggs, 1. e] 
Unfit K>r ali work, exhausted and weak. [Chardin, 1. e] 
He can scarcely move the feet, can hardly walk forwards even 

when forcibly compelled to do so. [Schelhammer, 1. e] 
450. Exhaustion of the powers and inability to move. [Fr. Hoff- 

mann, Dissert. de Operatione Opiì^ p. 8.] 

He lay in the greatest weakness. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 238.] 
The muscles move with greater difSculty. [Berger, 1. e, § io.] 
Increased immobility of the limbs. [Schelhammer, 1. e] 
The muscular tone is relaxed, so that a kind of paralysis ensues. 

[Freind, 1. e, cap. 14.] 
455. Ali the muscles relaxed. [Lassus, 1. e] 

Paralysis. [Baglio,* Prax, Med,^ lib. i, p. 65.(1] 

The limbs lay immovable, and remained lying in the place where 

they were laid. [Kilian, 1. e] 

Great prostration, sinking of ali the vital spirits. [Willis, 1. e] 
Discomfort, ili feeling of body and mind (aft. 8, 12 h.). 
460. Syncope. [Muller, 1. e. — Fr. Hoffmann, Diss, de Correct. Opii^ 

§ 16.] 

Syncope recurring every quarter of an hour ; he closes the eyes, 

lets the head bang down, with weak respiration, without conscious- 

ness, with unaltered pulse ; then some spasmodic shocks of the body, 

whereupon after a few minutes the paroxysm ends with a sigh ; 

foUowed by anxiety.* [Muller, 1. c.fl] 

* Opium diminishes only in the secondary action the power of the muscles subject 
to the will, and then also paralyses them completely ; but in its primary action it 
excites them ; but if this primary action is interrupted by stupefaction and stupefìed 
slumber, then in this opium sleep one or other limb twitches. 

t From the daily abuse of opium. 

t From large doses. 

I TU] death. 

fi From toc many and too strong doses of opium. 

ff From a mixture of laudanum and hartshom. 

' Not accessible. 
' Statement. 

» The symptoms of Miiller's patient before and after talcing the opium werc sg 
timiUr^ that tne eflfects ascribed to the drug on |)is authority are very dubious. 


Flov o£ bfaod frocn a rccendy opened vdn (until death). [Pet. 
BoftEUx, ccat, 4, oh*. 57.*] 

Whh incresscd p awc fs she trics to get up out of bed, but imme- 
dsiseÌT bcCkXDCs ^ìnt and gìddy ; on lying down again she imme- 
éiaaàj mrh^Sw [Matthìei^ 1. e] 

larfinatìon to lie àarnn, [GitiMif, 1. e] 
465. Yavnmg for sereni hours, with pain in the jaw-joìnts as if they 
womSd bfeak. [5if.] 

DvovsÌDess. [Beegius, — Matthìei, 1. e] 

Grext ÌDdìnaDoo to skep. [Charvet, L c] 

SoUen ^Bìng adeep (aft. a few m.). [Charvet, I. e] 

Waking sopor. 
470. IiKXKp p fi cI t cns Me chatterìng in the sopor. 

A kind of stupefied skep, wìth half-opened eyes^ eyeballs turned 
upwaids under die upper lid, moudi more or less open and stertorous 

Drawstncss, slumber, stupe&ctìoo. [Freikd, 1. e, xiv^ p. 140.] 
Somber. [Sactages, — Bùchker, 1. e] 

In place of sound skq> it easily induces a morbid slumber. 
[Tralles, 1. c,, p. 112] 
475. He lar as if sunk in slumber. [Schelhammer, 1. e] 

Noctùmal, continiied sopor, widi ìncreased thirst, tongue almost 
ckan, widi dark red border and dry cracked lips. [Junocer and 


Soporous stupelactìon. [De la Croix, ]. e] 

The slcep caused by opìum passed into an unusual stupefaction. 
[RiEDUN, 1. e, ann. v, Oct., obs. 30.] 

Such a stupeficd slumber diat an answer cannot be got from him. 
[Stalpaart van der Wiel, Cent, ii, obs. 42.] 
480. Very sound sleep with rattling respiration, as after apoplexy 
(aft. 6 hX [hAssoSy I. e] 

During almost Constant slumber, with half-shut eyelids, he has 
floccilation and fecls ali about him. [Rademacher, 1. e] 

Stupid sleep without any consciousness^ with rattling on the 
cbest. [KiLiAN, 1. e] 

Sleep ¥nth consciousness : he hears everything about him, but 
cannot rouse himself ; waking after two hours. [Charvet, 1. e] 

On shaking the padent and speaking to ber she can be roused 
ftom ber sleep ; she then complained and wished to die. [Leroux.] 
485. Sopor and insensibility, with sufficient warmth and normal pulse 
and respiration. [Willis, 1. e] 

Unconquerable sleep, in which, however, he feels pain, and when 
pinched opens bis cyes. [Sauvages, 1. e] 

Irresistible sleep (immediately after taking two grains and 
upwards), but which is disturbed by dreams, and on awaking he is 
not refireshed, but feels nausea. [A Thuessink, 1. e] 

Unrefreshing sleep with general perspiration. [Grimm, 1. e] 

After long opium sleep wearìness. [Young, 1. e] 

^ Obsemtion. 

OPIUM. 311 

490. On awab'ng fàiht-heartedness.^ [Youno, 1. e] 

After wakìng inclination to vomic. [Young, 1. e] 

After the opium sleep exhaustion,^ heaviness of the head, and 

dryness of the throat. [Bercius, I. e] 

During sleep erection of the penis, and after waking impotence 

^in the male. [Stalpaart van der Wiel, 1. e, obs. 41.] 

After the opium sleep stammerìng. [Plater, Observ.^ lib. i, p. 


495. After wakmg difficulty of moving the tongue.^ [Schelhammer, 
1. e] 

After the sleep didness of the head. [Jòrdens, 1. e, xvii, i.] 

Starting in sleep, and after waking he is as if intoxicated and half 
mad. [Tralles, 1. e, i, p. 282.] 

After sleep intoxication and vertigo. [Tralles, 1. e, i, p. 282.] 

More exhausted after waking, by uneasy dreams during the night. 
[Tralles, 1. e, i, p. 122.] 
500. A man who had long been unused to dreams, dreams after taking 
opium. [RiEDLiN, 1. e, ann. ii, Nov., obs. 16.] 

The sleep ftcói lar^e doses of opium is not without dreams. 
[Tralles, 1. e, p. lao.j 

The whole night occupied with a number of visions and fancies 
in sleep. PTralles, 1. e, p. 121.] 

The sleep of opium is always associated with dreams and grimaces. 
[LiNDESTOLPE, 1. c, cap. IO, thes. 75.] 

Merry dreams. [Db Ruef, 1. e] 
505. Sometimes agreeable, sometimes sad, sometimes anxious and 
ftightftil dreams. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 120.] 

Sleep disturbed sometimes by pleasant, sometimes by horrìble 
dreams, degenerating either into sopor or an apoplectic death with 
convukions. [Murray, 1. e] 

Opium airects the brain and produces uneasy dreams. [Bellonius, 
1. e] 

Deep sound sleep with rattling respiration, like an apoplectic. 
[Lassus, 1. e] 

Snoring. [De la Croix, 1. e] 
510. Snorine in sleep whilst expirìng. 

Whining in sleep (aft. 2 h.). 

Piteous cry in sleep.. 

Restie» sleep, full of sighs and moanings. [Young, 1. e] 
Anxious sleep, full of dreams (aft. 7 h.). [Grimm, 1. e] 
515. Anxious dreams. [Di Ruef, 1. e, p. 63.] 

Anxious sleep disturbed by the saddest dreams, so that in slum- 
berous intoxication he seems to be constantly delirious. [Grimm, 1. e] 
Sleep full of dreams. 
Attack of sufFocation in sleep (nightmare). 

* In originai^ '* sense of faintness and faìling about the heart, seizing him as often 
as he was dropping asleep/* 

' Setter» «^Ussitude.** 
' Not found. 

* With the dryness of mouth of S, 158, 

311 OPIUM. 

SIcq> filli of borrifale piuntasics and frìghtful dreams. [Fa. Hoff- 
MASK, Diss. d£ Opermt. Opìi^ § 5.] 
520. Scep fidi of horrors ; wben lie doscs hìs eyes he fèek as ìf he 
kad lost hìs reasoo (afL 3 k.). [Sch£IJìamm£R, 1. e] 

Vcfj TÌTÌd, Tcxatioos dreams, in which everything goes wrong, 
therc is mocli of an annojing and initaring character (aft. 2 h.). 
Horrible dreams. [F&. Hoftmann, 1. e] 
in slcep. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 282.] 

it slumbcr, firom whidi he is suddenly awakened bjr 
horrible jerfcs in the limbs. [Crx.] 
52$. Skcp in ieumuc d bj stardng. [Young, I. e] 
Rcsdess, slccpicss^ n^t. [Matthjei, 1. e] 
In spìte of drovsiness he cannot go to sleep, with slow pulse. 

[G&IMM, L e] 

The sleep- producila poirer of opium is much diminished by great 
pain or serious distress. [Yoong, L c] 

Slcepkss ni^t with rcstlcssness and talking nonsense. [Mat* 

THJEl, I. e] 
530. Sleefdessness attended hj unwelcome visions and filli of phantasics, 
which are Terj diffèrcnt fìrom the things around him, as in insanity. 
[TRAJ.LES, L e, p. 122.] 

Betwizt waking and sleeping dreams and visions of dragons, 
skdetons, and horrible ghosts and grinning spectres. [Trall£S, 1. e, 

P. 125] 

Resdess night, sopor akematmg with wakefiilness, much raving, 

hot skin and stupe£iction, during which he lies in a heap. [Matth jei, 

L e] 

Sleep and redness of face. [Bergius, 1. e] 

From 108 the pulse Édls to 72 ; at the same time chilliness and 
shivering, diminished acdvity, great exhaustion and jft increased 
hun^r. [Ward, Nemes yntm. d. Jusland. Med. Chir.j lib. iv, 1/ 
535. Diminishes the rapiditj of the pulse and respiration. A 
Thuessenk, 1. e] 

Pulse first 14 beats slower (the first 4 h.}, afterwards C^ft. io h.) 
30 beats quicker. [S am. Bard,' Diss. de Firibus Opiiy Edinb^ 1 765.*] 

(Circulation diminished by one half.f) 

(The heart beats fbur times slower. [Whytt, Naie Edinb. Vers.^ 
i, art. IQ.J] 

Large slow pulse, with laboured deep breathing. [De la Croix, 
L ci 
540. Large slow pulse, with slow, laboured stertorous breathing. 
[Crumpe, 1. e] 

* From nibbing in two drachms of opium — after 50 minutes. 
f This was seen hy Alston {EìSmò. Fers,^ ▼, pt. i, scct. iii) through a magnifying 
glais in the foot of a frog, to which he had given some drops of tincture of opiimi. 
{ In a frog to which opiimi had been given. 

^ Instead of '* schlaflose ** originai has ** traumlose ** (dreamless), which, howcver, 
may mean the same thing. 
' Experimcpt on s^lf with i|-|;rain doses ^p. 15^. 

OPIUM. 313 

SIow pulse. 

Stronger pulse. 

At first full, slow pulse, afterwards weak pulse. [Bergius, 1. e] 

Slow pulse, with groaning, slow breath, very red, bloated face, 
and very profuse perspiration with convulsions. [Muzell, 1. e, 
p. 131.*] 
545. Full, regular, slow pulse, with deep stertorous breathing. 
[Sauvages, T. c] 

Weak, suppressed, slow, small pulse. [Fr. Hoffman, Med. Syst,, 

ì"> P- 537-] 

He complains of chilliness. [Willis, — Reinbggs, 1. e] 

Tendency to shiver. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Diminution of the temperature. 

550. Chilliness in the back, with suppressed, scarcely perceptible 

pulse. [SCHELHAMMER, 1. c] 

Chilliness in the back. 

Coidness of the limbs. 

Thirst during the chili. 

Fever : at first chilliness, then flying beat in the face (with white 
ton^e, and perspiration before midnight). 
555. Fever : nrst rigor, then beat with sleep, during which he pers- 
pires profusely. 

(Fever : he falls asleep during the chili ; no thirst during the 
chili ; during the beat thirst and profuse general perspiration.) 

In the evening in bed, immediately chili, and as soon as she falls 
asleep she breaks out in perspiration, which is particularly profuse on 
the head. 

(Fever : Rigor with thirst, then increased beat of the whole 
body, with tendency to throw o!t the bedclothes, with strong full 
pulse, dryness of the fauces without thirst^ and liveliness of the ideas 
and memory) (aft. i h.). 

Extemal coidness of the limbs. [Willis, 1. e] 
560. Coidness with stupefaction. [Chardin, 1. e] 

At first diminished temperature (shown by the thermometer), 
afterwards increased transpiration. [Rolandson Martin, in VeUnsk. 
Acad. Handling^ ^773^ P^* "j No. 7.] 

Strongy very quick pulse, which at last (aft. 8^ h.) becomes weak 
and intermittent (shortly before death) . [Ah^TOi^y^ Medicai Eisays.\'] 

Quick and uncommonly weak pulse, with quick, oppressed, 
anxious respiration (aft. several h.). [Grimm, 1. e] 

Quick pulse with headache. [Young, 1. e] 
565. Quick, violent, hard pulse, with dark red fece. [Vicat, Obs,^ 1. e] 

Kush of blood to the brain. [Haller, in PraiUct. Boerhavii^ iv, 
p. 509, — Murray, 1. e] 

* From laudanum and heartshom. 
t From a scruple. 

1 This symptom should read, ** Her pulse, which was lar^e, eaual, and not very 
freauenty tank, and bcgan to intermit a quarter of an hour betorc she died/* 

314 OPIUM. 

(The vessek of the brain were distended with blood.) [Meao, 

Vkdent, rapid, hard pulse, with difficult, obstructed respintion. 
[ViCAT, Plantis Venen.^ 1. e] 

Quickened circukition with sensation of beat. [Murray, 1. e, 
pp. 2§i, 282.] 
570. The blood-vessels distended. [Murray, K c«] 

Increased beat. [Murray, — Young, 1. e] 

Altemadon of moderate beat with cold. 


Great redness of fiice, with buming beat of the body, for eight 
hours ; then convulsive striidng out of right arm and leg, with loud 
cry, difficult breathing and coldness of fiice and hands, covered with 
bcads of perspiradon (shortly after taking it). 
575. For six successive evenings,a burning beat in the fince and feeling 
of beat especially in the eyes, without thirst. [C/z.] 

Beat with thirst. [Clark, 1. e] 

Increases the beat of the wbole body and leaves dryness of the 
mouth and thirst. [Berger, 1. e, § 2.] 

Sometimes dry, hot skin, sometimes slight perspiration. [Young, 
1. cj 

Beat of the body with great anxiety. [Berger, 1. e] 
580. Intolerable beat with great anxiety. [Matthìbi, 1. e] 

Acute fever with delirium, which occurred after a short sleep and 
lasted twelve hours, after which he became very weak and sick, with 
weak pulse ; after three hours, delirium retumed which lasted forty- 
eiebt hours, with strong full pulse ; thereafter sleep for eight hours. 

[J. BUNTER, L e, p. 641.] 

With restlessness, oppression, conftised ideas and sparks befbre the 
eyes, there rises up a buming disagreeable beat into the head which 
then spreads ali over the body. [Matth jei, 1. e] 

Perspiration ^ first on the head then ali over the body, like drops 
of dew, and sleep. [Matthjei, 1. e] 

Increased transpiration. 
585. Perspiration only on bodily exertion. 

General perspiration. 

In ihe moming, during sleep, penpiration ali over, 
wiih inclmation to nncoYer himBeli (aft. 12, 36 h.). 

Cold sweat on the forehead. 

Perspiration especially on the upper parts, whilst the lower parts 

are hot and dry. [Matth^i, 1. e] 
590. Almost always induces perspiration. [Berger, Buchner, Freikd, 

Geoffroy, Baller, Pitcairne, Thompson, Wedel, 1. e] 
Frequent perspiration. [Muzell, — Trallbs, 1. e, p. 134.] 
Profuse perspiration * (for 12 h.). [Vicat, PU Ven.y 1. c.J 
General perspiration (aft. 6 h.). [Grimm, 1. e] 
During tolerably quiet sleep, proftise perspiration. [MatthjeIj 


* " Thìck sweat " in originai. 
' During convalcscencc, 

OPIUM. 315 

595. Perspiratìon very profuse, so ^hat the skin itches and is covered 
by an eruption, whilst ali the senses become blunted — touch, vision, 
and smeli. [Murray, 1. e] 

Perspiration and red miliary rash with itching. [Tralles, I. e, 

P- 138] 

General perspiration of the extremely hot body, with great thirst, 

filli, strong pulse, bright eyes and active mind. [MattHìBI, h e] 


Altemating state of careless sullenness and cheerfulness. 
6oo. Tacitum reserve (after the smallest dose). 

Tranquil indifFerence to earthly things ; she cared for nothing in 
comparìson with the ecstasies of the phantasy. [M ead, 1. e] 

Always quiet cheerfulness ^ of disposition i as if in heaven. 
[Hecqust, 1. e] 

Free fìrom pain he remained the whole night in extreme cheerful- 
ness of mind.* [Van Swieten, Comment.^ i, p. 878.] 

The most agreeable sensation that can be imagined, with tran- 
quility of mind and forgetfìilness of ali ills. Van Swieten, 1. e] 
605. In noocher way could she procure for herself complete tranquility 
and happiness of mind. [Jones, 7%r Mysteries of Opium reveaUd}^ 

Not often an uncommon self-satisfaction and unusual tran- 
quility of mind. [Mos. Charas, 1. e] 

He did not sleep, but became as tranquil as if he were in heaven. 
[Eph. Nat, Cur.j Dee. li, ann. x, obs. 80. t] 

Sweet, delightful phantasies, which she prefers to ali known 
happiness, chiefly when she had previously been tortured with pains. 
[Boerhave, Praekct. in Inst,^ ad § 856.] 

Sensation as if he were in heaven, strong, delightful phantasies 
hover before him like waking dreams, which drive away sleep. 
[Mead, 1. e] 
6io. The cheerfulness of mind fìrom opium may rather be called a 
dream without sleep. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 122.] 

Tranquility of mind. [De Ruef, 1. e] 

Activity of mind. [De Ruef, 1. e] 

A woman subject to melancholy thoughts is wonderfìilly relieved 
by it ; her sorrow ceased for some time. j: [^Act. Nat. Cur.^ iv, obs. 

It causes the mental suiFerìngs to be forgotten for a time and 

brìngs on an ecstasy and refreshing happiness of mind. [Tralles, 

1. e, p. 98.] 

615. It makes the (usually sad stupid) opium-eaters happy \ they are 

very rìotous, sing amorous songs, laugh much and play other pranks \ 

* He had taken a graln in the evening for a very annoving pam. 

f After taking a moderate dose of ODÌum for intolerable pain from stone. 

J But, as it actcd antlpathically (palliativcly), in order to procure the same relief, 
she must not only continue the use of opium, but increase the doses, so that at last 
the was obliged to take an ounce and a half of opium in one week. 

' Observations. 
' Observatioo. 

3i6 OPIUM. 

this agreeable elevation of mind and disposition lasts an hour, then 
they became angry and uncontrollable, after whìch they again 
become sad and weep, until they eo to sleep, and thus again return 
into their previous state. [Alpin, 1. e] 

Cheerfulness, liveliness, contentment, increased strength. [Freiko, 
1. e, p. 139.] 

Strength, liveh'ness, self-satis&ction. [Hufel. Joum.^ xiii, i.^] 

Invigoration. [Matthjei, 1. e] 

Cheerfiilness, inclination for work, fearlessness, courage. [Alpin, 
1. ci 
620. Courage, intrepidity, magnanimity. 

Feeling of courage and merriment, so that he is as if he would 
carry out what was required with energy, without repugnance or 
fear, with a peculiar feeling of voluptuousness (but lasting only a few 
minutes) (aft. ^ h.) ; immediately afterwards dulness in the head, &c. 

Intrepidity in danger. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Opium inspires courage and resolution in one who is afraid of a 
surgical operation. [G. Young, 1. e] 

Criminals (in India) lose their fear of death and go courageously 
to execution. [Tralles, 1. e.*] 
625. Daring wildness. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

Wildness, cruelty like furious beasts.t [Kampfer, 1. e] 

Fury. [LoRRY, in Recueìl Period,^ p. 74.] 

Insanity and fury. [Berger, De vi Opti rarefacient,'] 

Furious madness and distortion of the mouth (from applying 
opium on the temples). [Lorry, 1. e] 
630. Confusion of the reason. [Clark, — De Carter, Med, Dogm^ 
cap. I.*] 

Delirium. [Pitcairne, Elementi Mid,^ lib. ii, cap. 6, § 8.] 

The patient has visions. [Muller, in Hufel, Joum.^ xviii, 


Fearfiilness and fright. [Young, — Tralles, 1. e] 
Want of courage. 
635. Fear (aft. 8, 12 h.). 

Horrible pictures of ^cy. [Clark, 1. e] 
She was troubled when awake with the supposed sight of ghosts, 
devils and spectres,^ which she believed to be surrounding her bed 

* The last nine symptoms are palliative prìmary actions of opium in otherwise 
melancholy timorous dispositions. 

f In larger doses than those that give palliatively courage and increased strength 
to the timid and weak, opium causes daring, unruHness, anger, and fiiry. This 
palliative primary action brings the Turks durìng the first onslaught in the coro- 
mencement of a battle into an almost irresistible fighting fiiry, which, however, in an 
hour or two passes into the most cowardly irresoludon or stupefacdon, in which they 
are more easuy conquered than any other army. 

* Not tound. 

^ Not accessible. 

' Jn originai, *< ghosts, spectres, and chimieras/ 

ÒPiÙM. 3iy 

and which annoyed her much, as she chattered deliriously. [Tralles, 
1. e.*] 

He chattered ali sorts of unconnected stufF and pointed with his 
fingers to imaginary masked people approaching him ; sometimes he 
broke out into loud laughter ; sometimes he started at imaginary 
swordsmen, who might kill him ; he became angry when one talked 
to him and wished to regard him as insane, but in his delirium he 
accused himself of folly. [Trallbs, 1. e, p. iió.f] 

DeUrìous, he raves about ali sorts of events, with open eyes, 
and afterwards remembers his chatter only as if he had dreamt it. 
[Manchart, 1. e] 
640. Hot, anxious and ìntoxicated she talked ali sorts of things mixed 
up together, retracted what she had said, sometimes suddenly started 
sometimes angrily laid hold of the hands of those about her. 
pTaALLES, 1. c.,p. 1254] 

He does nonsensical things. [Reineggs, 1. e] 

The increasing hilarìty and happy thoughts pass into nonsensical 
and irrational behaviour. [Trallbs, 1. c.§J 

Violent mania with red fiice, sparkling eyes and greater activity 
of body. [Matthìei, 1. e] 

He throws himself about on the floor in a maniacal state, with 
buming anger and threatening expression ; he does not know his 
friends ; with swollen head and face, reddish blue, swollen lips, and 
projecting inflamed eyes. [Tralles, 1. e, p. 90.] 
645. First ecstasy and thereafter sadness and dejection. [Chardin.] 


Hopelessness^ sulky disposition, moroseness (aft. 8, 12 h.). 

Lamentable weeping and bowling (in the first h.). 

She is vexed about a pain so that she weeps. 
650. Suspicion. 

Fretfiilness. [Grimm.] 

Melancholy. [Berges, 1. e] 

Anxietv. [Rademacher, — Tralles, 1. e] 

Horrible anxiety. [Muzell, 1. e] 
655. Praecordial anxiety and restlessness (aft. 2 h.). [Young, 1. c.||] 

{FrMi thi extemal application^ especialfy in substance.) 

Buming pain and irritation. [Alston, 1. e] 
Laid on the skin it raises blisters. [Boerhavb, PraeUct, iv, 
p. 520.] 

Applied to the skin as a plaster, it causes great beat and pains, 

* Every time when her morbid state»— -palpitatlon of the heart, vomiting, hiccup, 
pisooidial pain, bellyache, trembling, and convulsive movements— are relieved pallia* 
thrcly by opium. 
f After opium given in a case of dysenterìc diarrhoea. 

From opium nven for indescribable pain that tended to pass into convulsions. 
From larger dose». 

Ever renewed doses of opium were the only palliative relief for it, but only for a 
short dme. 

3i8 OPIUM. 

raises a blister, erodes the skin and produces mortificatiofi. [Boe&have, 
De Morb Nerv.j p. 448.] 

£ats into the skin, erodes the hair and causes itching. [Jones, 
660. £ats away the hair, causes itching, erodes the skin and raises 
Uisters. [Gboffkoy, 1. e] 

Apphed directly to the nerves, it does not take away their 
sensitiveness, but on the contrary ìncreases the paìn. [Monro, 
Essays Phys. and Literar,, voi. iii, p. 327.^] 

Applied to the muscles, it speedily destroys their irrìtability. 
[Monro, 1. e, p. 309.] 

^ Experìmeiits on fross. The author simply states that ^ when applied directly to 
a nerve, it does not diminish its fiinctions.** (Name correctlj griven in and edtdon, 
incorrectly as <* Monno ** in 3rd edidon.) 


{Phosphoric acid,) 

(To prepare it, we take one pound of bones calcined white and broken into small 
pìeccs, place them in a porcelain jar, and pour over them one pound of the strongest 
tulphurìc acid. The mixture is to be stirred with a glass rod several tiraes during 
twentr-fbur hours, then well mixed and diluted with two pounds of good brandy, 
and the whole lied up in a linen bag and pressed out between two smooth boards 
loaded with weights. What remains in the bas may be again diluted with two pounds 
of brandy, and the expresscd fluid added to the first quantity. The whole is to be 
allowed to stand for two days, so that the cloudiness may settle down. The clear 
fluid ìs DOW to be decanted off, evaporated in a porcelain dish over the fìre, and 
mclted at a red beat. The melted phosphoric acid should be as clear as crystal, 
and while stili warm it is to be broken into tmall fragments and preserved in a well- 
dH-ked bottle, because when exposed to the air it soon completely deliquesces into a 
thickish fluid as clear as water.; 

A grain of this crystalline acid is dissolved in loo drops of a mixture 
of nine parts of water with one part of alcohol (the alcohol being added 
in order to make it drop easily). The solution is succussed twice (with 
two strokes of the arni). A drop of this is again succussed with loo 
drops of alcohol, by means of two strokes of the arm. This contains 
lì iòpo ^ P^^ o^ ^ grain of phosphoric acid. Of this one drop is well 
mixed with lOO drops of alcohol by means of succussion with two 
strokes of the arm. This is i. And the process is repeated up to the 
trìUioD-fold dilution (iu). A sugar globule the size of a poppy seed, and 
moistened with this trillion-fold dilution^ is administered for a homceo- 
pathic dose. 

The fbllowing remarkable, pure, artificial morbid symptoms pro- 
duoed by phoephonc acid on the healthy body indicate of themselves the 
naturai morbid states in which it is specincally curative by reason of 
bomceopathic similarity. 

Every dose acts for more than two weeks in chronic diseases. 

The over-violent action of jAosphoric acid is diminished by 

[Hahvemanv was aided in this proving by Becher, Fhanz, Gross, GuTMANNy 
FaiEDiiicH Hahnemann, Hartmann, Herrmann, Langhammer, Meybr, 
Staff, Teuthorn» Wislicenus. 

No oU<-icliool authorìties are cited. 

The ist edit. has 571 symptoms, this aod edit. 679} the Ckr. Kr, has 818, 55 of 
the new symptoms being contrìbuted by Dr. C. Hering.] 

Vertieo ali day. 

Vertìgo towardfl evening, when standing and walk« 

1 From voi» ▼, and edit» i8a6. 


; he sugg e n ; no vertigo when sìtting (several 

Itilk* wr .* m 

9 ■" 

ia tìie IH liilit, making him fall, when standing, 
monìngs Trrtigo oo rising from bed. 
5^ Heat in die heiL, which often causcd Tcitigo, even when sitting ; 
wfea w iixl ng he most ofcen Dod inroluntanlj ; objects seemed to 
tam n»^ ; die table seem e d as if £dling ; when he dutched hold of 
£t in «alkingy and wfaen ile looked oo die ground when standing, he 
«as Iike co hR ibrwards, and must make a step forwards in order to 
kecp h-'nwrit erect* |^3.^rr.j 

Vcxtf^ : tiie head tends to sìnk forwards and backwards (aft. 
some m.' . 'Htt^^ 

Veltro : the head tends to sìnk backwards (aft. ) h.) [Hrr^ 

Verti^ : in the momzng in bed^ when he shut bis eyes, he fèlt 
as if the ^Kt rose up and he was standing on bis head. [Bch^ 

In the moming after rìsìng from bed weakness of the head, as if 
he should stagger. 
IO. He cannot rid himsdf of a thoi^ht, and the connecting ideas do 

He dare noe be alone without £dling into absence of thought and 
uncocxscfousness (in the moming). [/x.] 

He cumoc redect on anjthing properly on account of want of 
ideas and weakness of mìnd \ he became gtddy on attempting to think 
about anjthing. [/frr.] 

LazT, obcuse, inacdve mind, without imagi nation, indisposed fbr 
eren agreeable mental work. [Stf^ 

In the erening when sitting he sees nothing but dphers befbre 
the eTcs, fbr an hour ; at the same time he was very stupid and bad 
in the head — at bst tctj hoc 
15. He cannot brii^ his tboughts into proper connexion. 

When readine there came a thousand other tboughts into his 
head, and he couM noe r^tly comprehend anjthine ; what he had 
read became as if dark in bis head, and he immecuately foreot ali 
(for 48 h.) ; what he had long known, he can onljr recali with 
difficulty. [Afyr.'\ 

Dlusion of the senses ; he imagines he hears a beli pealing and 
things lying near him (outside the sphere of vision) moving. 

His reason is aSècted. [/r. H — ».] 

Emptiness in the head, fbr three hours. [/z.] 
20. In the forenoon his head is doudy, as if he had sat up ali night 
or as if after a noctumal debauch. 

Dulness of the head (aft. 4 d.). 

In the evening when he comes into the warm room^ he is dazed 
in his head. 

Confùsionofthe wholeliead. [Hrr.l 

Confiision of the sinciput, especially of the orbits. [Gxx.] 
25. Confiision of the head as from excessi ve indulgence in venery, for 
three days (immediately). [/r, H — n.'\ 


He feels quite empty in the head and tired in the limbs^ as if he 
had not slept enough after a debauch (aft. i h.). [Fz.] 
Roaring in the head. 

Headabhe, like stupidity, with buzzing in the head ; 

on coughing the head feels quite painful as if it would burst. 

In the morning, pressure in the head and bitter taste in the 
mouth (the 5th morning). 
30. Heaidache^ in the morning immediately upon awaking^ which 
goes off on rising. 

Dull pain in the forehead and temples^ during which^ however, 
he is pretty lively. [Fz.] 

Dull creepine sensation in the sinciput^ with sweat on the fore- 
head (immediately). [Fr. H — ».] 

Shooting over the left eye upwards into the head (when standing) 
(aft. 14 h.). 

Ck>]iBtant headache. [Hrr.'] 

35. Severe headache^ which compelled him to lie down^ and his nape 
was stiff. 

Qn the slightest shock or noise, the pains in the head 
became extremely violent [Hrr:\ 

Painful shock in the head when walking. 

Extremely severe pressure in the head, in the afternoon. 

Headache, as if the brain were pressed upwards, at the same time 
beating in it^ like the beating of the pulse. 
40. Single blows in the head as with a hammer. 

In the morning on rising^ and ali the forenoon^ a prickling 

Aching and shooting pain in ali parts of the head^ in fits. 

Twitching in the head. 

A great weight in the whole head which extended to the left 
fìrontal protuberance with a violent pressure. [Htn,'] 
45. Headache^ as from a strain^ like a weight in it. 

His head is heavy. [Gn,] 

Headache in the occiput, which compels him to lie down. 

On bending the head forwards a pressure forwards combined with 
heaviness in the occiput, which only goes off when he bends the head 
backwards (aft. 2} h.). [///».] 

Aching pain in the right side of the occiput which partly spreads 
to the front ; on pressing on it with the open band and on turning the 
head it became more violent, ali day (aft. 74 h.). [GnJ] 
50. Aching pain in the brain behind the left ear (aft. 3 h.). [&».] 

In the right side of the occiput a painful pressure outwards (aft. 
^l h.). [///«.] 

A pressure as from a weight from above downwards in the head, 
or as if he had a blow on the top. 

Intermittent pressure as with a blunt point, deep in the left side 
of the crown,so that he cannot teli the precise spot (aft. 7 d.). [G«.] 

Dull headache with pressure over the orbits and stitches behind 
the ears, in the afternoon for four hours. [7r».] 
55. In the morning on awaking, severe headache, a pressure in the 

TOL. II. 21 


ncciieai so dfixc she was qizite stupefied and could not open theeyes ; 
UL JCC3U2C cr die pgfn sàc coold scarcdy speak, the slightest move« 

Vuùtsxr !traf.BrfTir ; a nsrcii^ and pfcssii^ upwards in the crown, 

Knd fRHne oa tìie left ode of the foréhead. [Hrr.] 

A T3JÙSZZ oot-prcssà]^ pazn in the rìght firontal protuberance 
Life-. IHrLl 
Az ar^sg iz dK ft arrfiead as after a debauch. [ÀfjrJ] 
5c A kard ^x e wue above the Icft tempk ertending to the occiput, 
w5dt crsac i^asoTÌng. "«t^rr.T 

S^piboing fi UH il f in and om the right tempie, more 

A TÌotcrrs pressare ontwards in the right tempie (aft. 2^ h.). 

A aniiecmiB g f i i M Mf in the right tempie* [Gss.] 

Piìn LI d&e wbole brain as if it were compressed (aft. 34 h.). 

65. gy Mciin g jii C Mtti e in both parietal hones, werse when 
■0Tmg. I^"^-. 

Pidn MS if both tempie» were preseed towards one 
mnethear, ms if Ti<dently pinéhed together by forceps. 


Borizig achìc^ paùn in the left tempie. [FzJ] 

Heaiiche as if holcs were bored through the skull, especially in 
the crowa. [/r. ff — mJ] 

Dtsging boring pain in the right side of the occiput (aft. 2 b.). 

70. In the lett tempie a regularly intenmtting, squeezmg pressive 
pain as with a blunt hard body. [^^^-1 

Drawing preseme in ihe right parietal and oecipital 
bonee, more Tiolent when moving. IHrr.} 

Tearìng and so neeiìiig pressure in the brain bere and 
there (^àit 7 h.}. [Ifrr.] 

Tearìng nressure in the occipnt anrayated by noise 
and by the Slightest moYcment. [^^.J 

Pressure in the occiput as if he lay on something hard. [.^^.] 

75. Drawing in the left tempie and tragos, which be- 
Comes an aching mdn on moving (aft. \ h.). IHrr.] 

Twitching through the head from behind forwards, synchronous 
with the pulse (aft. ) h.). [^.] 

Tearìng in the vertex and occipnt. [Hrr.] 
Tearing in the left tempie to Ihe f orehead, aggravated 
by movement (aft. i h.). [tìrrJ] 

In the evening in bed, headache in both temples as if they were 
constricted in single jerks (tearings). [FzJ] 
80. Obtuse shooting pain out at Sìc middle of the forehead. IGnJ] 

In the right tempie an obtuse stab, as fiom a blunt arrow, darts 
deep into the brain in frequent attacks. [Gss,] 

Single sharp blows in the right tempie. \Htn.] 


Violent shootmg pain in the right temporal region 
which eztended into the right eye. [Myr.] 
A severe Bhooting in the right tempie. [Htn.] 

85. A sharp, long-continued stitch externally on the vertex, increased 
by touching. 

Shooting drawine on the vertex, that is allayed by pressure with 
the hand (aft. 20 m.). [^J.] 

Buming headache at the top of the brain. 
On the head a burning stitch. [FzJ] 

Burning sensation on the right side of the hairy scalp (aft. 3^ h.). 
90. Dull pain on the hairy scalp (aft. 3 h.). [&».] 

The hairy scalp is painful when touched, as if bis hair were pulled j 
a kind of sore pain. 

A painful elevation is formed on the scalp ; he feels as if the hair 
were puUed at the part — when touched there was pain as if bruised. 
Sensation of coldness on the hairy scalp. [Hrr.'] 
Drawing pain in the occipital bone, every day ; but no pain was 
caused by touching. 
95. Aching pain on the occiput, as though he had lain on a hard 
stone, diminished by external friction. [^Myr.] 

Pressive pain on the right tempie (aft. 30 h.). [Gn.] 
On the occiput where the muscles of the nape are inserted, pain, 
as if they were bruised. [Fz.] 

A drawing shooting aching in the nape, which extends unaotic^d 
to the occiput, and there goes ofF(aft. i| h.). [Htn,] 

A twitching sensation in the nape, when at rest, but more fte- 
quently on raising up the head (from 6 to 8 d.). [BchJ] 
100. Feeling of stiffhess of the nape^ when at rest, going ofF on moving 
(aft. 8h.). IHtn.] 

A painful achine on the left side of the neck, as if it would 
become sore internally, but which is not aggravated either by swal- 
lowing or by speaking (aft 3! h.). [Htn,] 

A pinching pain on a small point on the neck. [Htn.] 
Pressure in front and at both sides of the neck (aft. 4 h.). 

In the right cervical muscles there occurs, on turning the head, 
a spasmodic arawing pain extending to the right eye. 
105. The right cervical muscles are very painful. 

Painful stifFness in the left cervical muscles ; tightness up into 
the head. 

Burning sere pain on the side of the nape (aft. 9 h.). 

Great pressure from the forehead down to the nose. 
Aching and gnawing on the forehead at the root of the nose 
(aft. 5 h.). [Fz.] 
no. Itching erosion on the forehead. [ff^s,] 

Burning pain on the skin of the left side of the forehead (aft. 57 h.}. 


arm feeling on the side of the frontal bonet iF»-2 


A largt pinipk oa the fordicad whidi causes sore pain when 
toocfaed and when let alone. 

Fine, Tcrr transient drawing through the left cheek into the 
imier ear (aft.' ) h.). [^J.] 
115. Hcat of dm half of the hcc on which he has not lain. [/z.] 

(Dorìiig a hcat in the £kx, felt on touching it, a tension of the 
skin of the£Ke, as if whhe of ^g had drìed on it.) 

In the monùng inunediately after rìsing, paleness of the face and 
tendencT to stare (afL 17 h.). [BcA.] 

Palmess of the £Ke. [Fr. H—n.'\ 

Cnwiing and ciccping, as if a snudi insect ran about on the hce 
and on some parts of the bodj. [Hrr.] 
120. Burnii^ pain on a smaQ spot on the left cheek. [/r. H — ».] 

Eniption of some large pimples on the face. 

Eniption of large pimples on the £ice. 

Red pimples on the face, cheeks and nose, smaller than a lentil, 
filled with a little pus ; ther itch especially when touched (aft. 3 d.). 

Ddatation of the pupils (aft. \ h.), and then contraction (aft. 
I h.), iriiich bsted siztecn hours. [Trii.] 
125. The pupils became rery contracted, without diminudon of the 
power of rision (aft. | h.). 

Contractcd pupils (aft. \ h.), fbr several days. [StfJ\ 

Dilated pupib fbr six hours (afL 3 h.). [Myr^ 

Dilatadon of the pupils (aft. i h.). [£r. — Htn.'\ 

Thc'pupil of the rìght ejre became uncommonly dilated, so that 
the whole iris scemed to disappear (aft. 2 m.) ; the more he strained 
the eyes to see, the larger the pupil became, and after seven days it 
was fbur times larger than that of the left eye, which remained 
constantly normal. [BcA.] 
130. Very grcatly dib^ pupils (aft. 8^ h.). [Htn^ 

The eycs are glassy and dull (aft. 4 h.). [Tni.] 

The ejres are quite lustreless (aft. 6 h.). [Hrr.'] 

Dull sunken eyes (aft. 5 h.). [Hrr.] 

Blue rings round the eyes. [Hrr.] 
135. The eyes are surrounded with blue bórders. [Myr.] 

Starìnglook. [Hrr.] 

Heaviness of the eyelids as if they would dose (immediately). [Gss^ 
Pressi ve squeezing in the left superior orbitai border. [Gss.] 
Aching and buming in the eyes ; in the evening she cannot look 
into the light ; but they are not gummed up in the moming. 

140. Very transient buming in the left eye, as if some- 
thing pnngent had been smelt (aft. i h.). [Myr.] 

Pam as if the eyeballs were forcibly pressed together 
and into the head. [Gss.] 

Pressure in both eyes backwards (aft. 9 h.) . [Hrr.] 

Sudden pain in the left eye, as if a grain of sand were pressing on 

it, or as if a pimple were there. [F%.] 

Burning in the integuments of the eye ali day, and burning itching 

in the inner canthus. 


145- Pressure on the left lower eyelid (aft. i h.). [Hrr.'] 

Pressure [on the right eyelid and feeling of heaviness in it. 

Inflammation of the eye, a stye on the upper eyelid (aft 24 h.). 

Buming under the upper eyelid. 

A buming in the inner canthus, usually in the afternoon, just as 
if too much air and light penetrated to tnat part ; on closing the 
eyes it is less. 
150. In the moming he has dry eye-gum on the lids, and on clearing 
this away they smart. 

(The eyes are gummed up.) 

A Constant pressure on the eyes, as from looking long at one 
objcct, which compels him to dose the eyes (aft. f h.). [Htn,] 

The eyes feel as if pressed out, on account of which he must 
often wink (aft. i h.). [Hrr.'} 

A pressure on the eyes as if they were too large and had not 
room in their orbits ; the eyes are immovable as if he had not slept 
enough, and at the same time the head feels stupid. [Myr.] 
155. Swelling and redness of the lower eyelids. [Lr,] 

Swelling of the lower eyelids. [MyrJ] 

Swelling under the lower eyelids. [Myr.] 

The lower eyelid twitches towards the inner canthus (aft. 9 h.). 

Shooting drawing through ali the eyelids, from one canthus to 
the other, together with sharp pricks in the canthi themselves^ and 
around the orbits (aft 14 h.). [^/.] 
160. In the morning on opening the eyes they are painfiil ; she cannot 
keep them open long. 

Both eyes had a glassy look, and the eyeballs were very and 
almost involuntarily mobile, chiefly when staring before him. [Beh.'] 

A dull, sometimes shooting, sometimes burning, sometimes burn- 
ing shooting pain forced the right eyeball towards its outer can^ius ; 
he could not then see anything with this eye, it seemed to him as if he 
were looking over an illimitable expanse of snow running up a bill, on 
which fiery shining points occasionally fell ; when this had occurred 
severa! times the expanse became fiery and the falling points dazzling 


fike electric shocks under the right eyelid ; he 
must^close the eyes. [Myr.] 

Aching pain under the lower left eyelid ; it became violent by 
pressing on it with the finger and then went ofF immediately. 

165. Sharp shooting in the thin osseous wall of the orbit towards the 
root of the nose. [2145^.] 

A burning in the eyes, and the tears that occasionally carne 
scalded stili more severely (aft. 6 d.). [Beh.] 

Pain rather smarting than burning in the eyes, especially in the 
evening by candle light. 

The inner borders of the eyelids are very cold, observed when 
shutting the eyes (aft | h.). [Htn.] 

white (aft. i^ h.). 
Quick stitches 


Both eyes water. [///».] 
170. Smarting water runs out of the eyes (aft. some h.)« 

A yellow spot in the white of the eye, towards the inner canthus, 
but more towards the cornea ; at the same time a dimness of vision, 
which^ however went off when he shaded the eye with bis band 
(causing the pupil to dilate). [MyrJ] 

Dimness of the eyes ; if she looks long at one place, there comes 
a flickering before the eyes ; it commences to ache in the inner 
canthus — if she then rubs the eye, tears come, and the dinmess goes 

Weakness of the eyes, more in the forenoon than in the after- 
noon ; distant objects seemed enveloped in a mist, and only became 
mpre distinct on straining the sight ; but every near object which 
was somewhat illuminated dazzled him and caused aching in the 
eyes — the same happened when he suddenly came into the dark. 

He sees better in the distance.* [LrJ] 
175. When reading by candle light, glittering before the eyes. 

Roaring before the ears, especially the right ear (aft, 15 h.). 

Roaring before the ears, with hardness of hearing. 

Crying in the ear on blowing the nose. 

Ringing like bells in the right ear. [Myr.] 
180. In both ears he did not bear a watch hung at a moderate distance ; 
held at three spans from the ear he heard the ticking distinctly ; but 
when held dose to the ear he heard only a hissing in the ear itself, 
but not the ticking (aft. i^ h.). [Beh.'] 

The watch which in bis usuai state he heard at a distance of 
twenty paces, he could only bear at a distance of ten paces (aft. 
6 d.). [Beh.] 

At every stroke of the beli and at every musical note he felt 
stitches in bis ears, like earache^ also when he himself sang ; but non- 
musical sounds and noises, like the rattling of carriages, shutting of 
doors and the like caused no stitches, and he was quite indifFerent to 
them (aft. 53 h.). [Beh.] 

Musical notes were and continued to be intolerable to him, though 
they did not cause pain in the ear. [Beh.] 

Spasmodic drawing pain in the left ear. 
185. A long continued fine prick deep in the right ear (aft. 30 h.). 

Burning stitches in the ears. 

Drawing pain in the left check and stitches in the ears. 

Drawing in the right internai and eztemal meatns. 


Tearing in the external and internai meatus of the ears (aft. 
30 h.). [Myr.] 
190. (Both ears are swollen, hot, with burning and itching.) 

Twitching tearing, sometimes only simple tearing, in the left 
auricle. [Hrr.] 

Fainful drawing, as it were spasmodic pain in the 
right auricle (aft. 4^ h.). [Htn.] 

• Curative reaction of the organism in a myope. 


An almost painless stitch in the left ear that went off on putting 
in the finger (aft. 6^ h.). [Gn.] 

Itching prìcks in the interior of the right ear, continuing while 
moving the lower jaw (aft 27 h.). [G«.] 
195, Prickin| itching on the lobe of the right ear (aft. 2 h.). [Fz.] 

Fine twitching on the right ear lobe (aft. 3 h.). [ff^sJ] 

A large red lump behindthe lobe of the ear, with sore pain pir 
siy but much more violent when touched. 

(A creeping and burning in the nose.) 

Itchinff in the point of the nose ; he must scratch 
there. [Myr.] 

200. A pimple on the point of the nose, with throbbing sensation in 
it ; it Ì8 also painful when touched. 

The dorsum of the nose is swollen and studded with red spots, 
and there are red spots on its side which go away and come again, 
accompanied by tensive sensation. [MyrJ\ 

On the lower part of the septum of the nose an itching scab. 

Epistaxis and frequent blowing of blood from the nose« 

(Pus flows.out of the nose.) 
205. (Mucus stops up the nose.) 

On the right side of the upper lip an oblique chap, as if he had 
cut himself, with sore pain, especially on moving the lip, for several 
days. [Stf.] 

In the red part of the upper lip, a point with obtuse shooting and 
creeping as if gone to sleep (aft. 32 h.). [/^^.] 

(Pimples on the red of the upper and lower lips, which cause 
burning pain.) 

(On the red of the upper and lower lips, ulcerous, depressed spots, 
which cause a tensive and smarting pain, even without moving the 
lips ; they become covered by a dark*coloured skin, which is readily 
detached by washing ; they then bleed, and when touched there is 
sore and smarting pain in them.) 
210. Yellowish-brown, scabby eruption containing pus in the lower 
lip, towards the commessure of the mouth, without pain, for six days. 
[Fr. H—n.-] 

Eruption on the border of the lower lip, not far from the angle of 
the mouth. 

The lower lip is burst in the middle. 

Violent bnrning pain in the right lower lip, persisting 
also when moving ix (aft. 5, 8i h.). [Gw.l 

Burning pain on the left side of the lower lip (aft. 12 h.). [Gn."] 
215. Burning pain in the skin of the check near the right angle of the 
mouth (aft. 27 h.). [G».] 

Obtuse pressive, drawing pain on the right angle of the lower 
jaw (aft 7 h.). [G«.] 

Pain as if the right lower jaw were forced out of its joint in front 
of the ear, even when the part is not moved — but more severe when 
chewing. [//irr.] 

Pain on touching the gland under the left angle of the lower jaw, 
like a broad, aching stitch, in connexion with sorethroat* 


When he chews anything he gets a cold (in the moming, pain- 
fully cold) sensation in the roots of the molars especially, which goes 
ofF after eating. [///«.] 
220. The teeth are on edge, as from a corrosive acid. 

The whole of the gums are painful when touched, as if sore, and 
they bleed when rubbed. 

Bleeding of the flnunsy on the slightest touch. 

The inner surface of the gums is swoUen and painful when eating 
and on being touched. 

Great bleeding from a hoUow tooth. 
225. Pain of the wisdom tooth. 

In a hollow tooth a tineling like tingling burning. 

Burning pain in the incisors, at night. 

Jerking tearìng in the right upper molars, neither increased nor 
diminished by chewing. 

Boring shooting pains in the teeth, which end in swelling of the 
230. A tearing in the teeth up into the head as if the teeth were 
pressed asunder and forced out, increased by the heat of the bed, as 
also by hot and cold things. 

Pain in the mouth as if sore and raw, when net swallowing 
(aft. 2 h.). 

Shooting on the tip of the tongue. [Fz.] 

Itching pricking on the tip of the tongue (aft. i^ h.). [ff^s,"] 

Shooting pain on the right side of the tongue (aft. 26 h.). {Gn.] 
235. The tongue is quite dry (aft. 24 h.). 

Dry feeling on the tongue and palate^ without thirst (aft. 
6 h.). [Fz.] 

In the afternoon, great dryness of the mouth, with a quantity of 
tasteless, sticky, soapy mucus, which he often spits out. [St/J] 

Burning on several points of the tongue as if something corrosive 
had got upon it, without external alteration of it (aft. 6 h.). [ff^s.] 

Dryness of the palate, without thirst (aft. 6 h.). [Fz.] 
240. He could not swallow well ; he felt as if something had got 
behind the palate (aft. io h.). [A^r.] 

Burning posteriorly on the veìum pendulum palati as if it were 
inflamed and sore (aft. 4^ h.). [Fz.'] 

Painful soreness on the velum pendulum palati and rawnessin the 
throat, felt especiallv when expiring (aft. 6J h.). [^Fz.l 

Feeling of swelling and soreness at the posterior nares (aft. 3Ì h.). 

Nausea in the palate. [Hrr.] 

245. Soreness in the throat, when not swallowing. 

On swallowing, sore sensation in the throat. 

Throat as if raw ; she must hawk ^ it is painftil when talking 
and swallowing. 

Sorethroat : pain on the leftside, like an abscess, throbbing, tensive, 
and as if dry on that part, when not swallowing ; speaking is difficult 
for him ; when swallowing there occurs a scrapy sore pain extending 
to the ears, where, at the same time, there is scrapy shooting pain. 


Inflammation of the throat (with a vesicle causing smarting pain) . 
250. Whcn swallowing the saliva, an aching stitch, which lasts as long 
as the swallowing continues. 

When BwaJlowing foodi shootìng in the throat 

When swallowing bread, it feels scrapy in the throat. 

The mouth always comes full of water, with excitation of nausea 
on the chest, [Fz.] 

Great secretion of sourish saliva in the mouth. [TVif.] 
255. Constant sourish taste in the mouth (aft. 4 h.). [ff^s,] 

Much frothy saliva in the mouth of a harsh taste (aft. 2 h.). 
IFr. H—n.] 

Putrid, steamy taste in the mouth. 

Putrid fiat taste in the mouth. [Gn.] 

In the morning he has stili the taste of food in his mouth, 
especially of bread. 
260. Long after-taste of bread that had been eaten, with some scrapi- 
ness in the throat. 

He loathed even the sight and smeli of black bread ; the smeli of 
sour things was most repulsive to him ; even when eating the sour- 
ness of the bread was repugnant to him and almost made him vomit 
(aft. 24 h.). [Bch.l 

In the forenoon, herb-like taste in the mouth, breakfast has the 
same taste. 

Bread tastes as bitter as gali, otherwise the taste in the mouth is 
normal. [Fr, H — ».] 

In the morning he is thirsty and slimy and oily in the mouth. 
265. Intense thirst. [/r. H — «.] 

An almost insatiable thirst for cold milk. \_Bch.^ 

Much thirst for beer after the abdominal pains, ali day. [Myr."] 
Anorexia. \^Hrr.'\ 

Food has a very slight but not altered taste. [^Fr. H — »,] 
270. After and during eating she has confusion of the head. 

Every timo after eating a pressure in the stomaqhi as 
if there were a down-pressing weight in it ; at the same 

rime drowsiness, so that he can do no work. 

After a meal (breakfast) she was overcome by such exbaustion 
that she fell down and had to be carried to bed (but without uncon- 
sciousness or cold perspiration) (aft. io d.). 

After eating pressure in the stomach and great drowsiness, the 
same after drinking; after eating he felt as heavy as lead in the 

Pressure in the stomach, even before eating, and also after eating, 
which is aggravated by movement. 
275. After eating his head is confused, for two hours. 

After eating ftequent and persistent eructation of air, each time 
preceded by rumbling in the region of the stomach. [7r;i.] 

After a meal the abdomen feels immediately full, and yet the 
appetite is tolerable. 

Frequent eructation of air. {Jf^s."] 

Incomplete, disagreeable eructation (aft. 3 h.). [Fz.] 


280. Soarish enictation^ an hour after a meal. [/z.] 

Buming, sourìsh enictation without taste, which is not audible, 
aod does not rìse up as high as the mouth (aft. 3 h.}. [Beh,'] 

He ìs full, uncomfortable, and anxious. 

Sickness in the r^on of the stomach (immediately) . [TV».] 

A twistìng in the stomadi (after eating), then very severe nausea, 
so that sbe must lie down in bed. [Fr. tìt—nJ] 
285. Vomiting of ftxMl, and then almost every hour vomiting, day 
and night, until the moming. [Fr. H — n^ 

Grumbling and rumbling in the region of the stomach (aft. 1} 
h.). [Htn^ 

Audibie rumbling in the abdominal cavity. [Bch^ 

Aching and pressing in the hypochondrìa, which causes him 
great anxiety, as though he coula not live long (chiefly when 
standing) (aft. 38 h.). [?«.] 

Unoer the short rìbs a perìodical aching squeezing. [dx.] 
290. After walking some dme an aching squeezing just above the 
liver, below the rìbs and thence into the umbilical region (aft. io 
d.). [Gix.] 

(Feeling of weight of the li ver.) 

Borìng pain in one spot of the hepadc region. 

Towaurds the left side, under the false rìbs^ a squeezing (aft. 5 
m.). [Css."] 

(When walking in the open air) a buming and soreness in the 
umbilical region. 

295. In the nayel a periodical aching squeezing. [Gss.'] 
In the umbilical region a persistent severe aching 
squeezing (aft. io m.). [Gssi] 

A burning pain in the stomach which commenced under the 
scrobiculus cordis and spread thence towards the left. [Afyr.] 

Tensive pain in the upper part of the abdomen, which almost 
took away bis breath (aft. 6| h.). [G«.] 

Round about the umbilical region and also on many other parts 

of the body and limbs^ intermittent pressive, obtuse pricks, as with 

a blunt point. [Gss.'\ 

300. Fine intermittent pricks in the abdomen, up to the scrobiculus 

cordis, especially on raising up the body when sitting (aft. 9 h.). 

. Shooting pain in the abdomen, under the last left true rib, more 
violent durìng inspiration (aft. i h.). [Gn.] 

Borìng stitch in the integuments of the upper part of the abdo- 
men, persistent durìng inspiration and expiration (aft. 4 h.). [G».] 

Incarcerated flatulence. 

Distension of the abdomen and sensation of fulness, though he 
does not feel flatulence (aft. ^ h.). [Trn.] 
305. The abdomen is much inflated by wind ; but after a single dis- 
charge of flatus of moderate amount the abdomen immediately 
resumed its usuai state (aft. i h.). [Htn.] 

Flatulence and discharge of flatus to a much greater extent than 
when in bis hcalthy state. [//ir«.] 


When he bends forwards or backwards he has a gurgling in the 
abdomen, as if it contained water ; also when touching the abdomen 
there is a squashing and gurgling in it. 

Loud rumbling in the whole abdomen, especially in 

upper part, only when lying. [G«.] 

jPressure on several parts of the hypogastrium. [Hrr.] 

310. Out-pressing pain in the right groin, as ir a hernia wouid occur, 
when walking, more violent when pressing on it with the hand, 
lasting a quarter af an hour. [(?».] 

Aa eztremely violent pinching contraction of the 
bowels from botn sides of the umbuical region (aft. 4 h.). 

Bellyache, like griping and pinching in the umbilical region 
(when sitting) not foUowed by stool. [Myr.'] 

Before going to sleep cutting pinching in the abdomen, as if 
diarrhcea would come on, in the evening. [/%.] 

Attacks of cutting pain transversely through the abdomen. [/z.] 
315. Cutting pains in the abdomen, with drawing pain in the pelvis, at 

Squeezing pain in the abdomen, in the evening, when taking a 
walk (aft. 36 h.). 

Cutting pain in the abdomen, when walking. [FzJ] 

Quite low down in the hypogastrium, just above the groin, a 
shootmg, only when changing his position, when commencing to 
walk or on sitting down. 

Single gurgling jerks in the right groin. 
320. Cutting pain in the left groin (aft. 11 h.). [G«.] 

Cutting pain in the abdomen, and at the same time a blunt-pointed 
pressi ve pain in the coccyx (aft. io h.). [G«.] 

Tensive shooting pain in the whole of the right side of the 
abdomen and thorax, so that it almost took away his breath (aft. 10^ 
h.). [G«.] 

Needle pricks in the abdominal muscles on the left side (aft. J 
h.). [fP's.] 

An itching erosion above the rectum, on the coccyx. 

325. Itching prick on the outer circumference of the 
anns (aft. | h.). [Gn.] 

Tearing pain in the anus and on the penis, in the evening and 

In the rectum tearing pain and diarrhceic irritation, not followed 
by stool, [/z.] 

In the morning on going to stool a contraction of the bowels, 
followed by a smarting in the rectum. 

After evacuation of the bowels a long forcing and tenesmus, with- 

out bellyache ; the first faeces were always hard, the foUowing pappy. 


330. InefFectual urging to stool for twenty-four hours, then difficult 

evacuation of the bowels ; the following day there was no stool. [Fz.] 

Evacuation of the bowels only after thirtv-two hours ; the first 
faeces were hard, the following pappy. [Myr.J 


The first àx dars a dafljr motion of the bowels, then for several 
dajs onlf onc stool in fòity-eight hours, later on only every seventy- 
two houjrs. 

Hard stool (aft. 5 h.). [Gn.] 

Verj hard stool passcd with difficulty (aft. 30 h.). [/z.] 
335. Stool hard and broken up. [Afjr.] 

Stook soft and frequcnt (aft. 72 b.). [Bch.^ 

Whh die ftding as if flatus would be discharged, there cotnes 

and involuntarily a ratber pappy brighe yellow stool. 
Every two or dircc hours a soft stool (aft. 24 h.}. [Fr. H — ».] 
A diarrhGea that does not weaken. 
340. Whitish-grey, diarTfaocic stool. 

Four diarrhceic stools, one every quarter of an hour, with belly- 

(aft. l\ h.). [Fr. H—H.^ 
Painful spasmodic contraction of the bladder, without urging to 
urinate. iHtm.'] 

Urging to make water, as often as eight times during the day, and 
two or thrce dmes at night. 

Viging te urinate, with scanty discharge of urine (aft. 
i, I, 3 h.). [i>.] 

345. Urging to urinate, and at the same time burning. 

An urging in the urethra and rectum, as from acrìd water (aft. 
14 d.). 

No urine passed the first seven hours, then frequent micturìtion, 
but the urine passed b not so much in quantity as usuai, with a 
disagreeaUe, almost burning sensation at the neck of the bladder. 

The urine ìs like limpid water. [^.] 

In the fbrenoon no urine is passed, but in the afternoon (aft. io, 
14 h.) more ftequent discharge of a watery urine, which he is often 
unable to retain. [FzS] 
350. On the discharge of the last portion of urine he feels as if a 
pressive weight lay in the hypogastrìum and pressed down towards 
the TOnitals (aft. ^ h.). [Gss.] 

The second day the urine is passed very frequently, but is dark 
coloured and a cloud fbrms in it. [/z.] 

He must urinate ftequently and each time copiously (aft. 24 h.), 
for many days. [Htn.] 

Frequent micturition (aft. 24 h.). 

Diuresisy with cutting burning in the urethra and spasmodic 
pain in the sacrum. 
355. During the two last days more ftequent and. copious urinary 
discharge. [Htn.] 

Qmte pale urine, which immediately forms a thick 

Whitish cloud (aft. some d.). [Gss.] 

When urinating a burning (and thereupon increase of the gonor- 
rhoeal discharge). 

Great burning in the urethra, whereby the discharge of the urine 
is delayed j afterwards he had always renewed irritation to urinate. 

A burning when passing water, and a cutting before it carne j the 


urine did not come immediately but he had inefFectual urging to 
urinate for half a minute. 
360. (A drawing in the urethra extending to the anus.) 

A shooting in front of the urethra, when not urinating (imme- 

A creeping in the urethra, when not urinating. 

Creeping itching downwards, posteriorly on the external skin of 
the penis (aft. 4J h.). \_F%.'] 

Feeling of heaviness in the glans penis, especially when urinating 
365, Itching pricking on the glans penis (aft. 28 h.). [Hrr.] 

Itching creeping under the glans penis on the frenum. 

A creeping near the frenum under the glans penis ; small vesicles 
broke out there, which exuded and itched. 

Vesicles near the frenum which itch only when pressed. 

A burning cutting in the glans penis, with an out-pressing pain 
in both groins. 
370. Fine pricking on the point of the penis (aft. i h.). [ir.] 

(On the condylomata heat and burning.) 

On the condylomata sore pain when walking and sitting. 

Painful pricks at the end of the urethra. [ff^sJ] 

Sore pain on the scrotum. [/^z.] 
375, Itching long prick on the scrotum. [Fz."] 

A drawing sore pain in the testicles as from something excoriated. 

Pressive pain on both testicles worse when touched and when 
walking. [Hrr,] 

An eruption of small red pimples on the anterior surface of the 
scrotum and the posterior lower part of the penis with feeling of 
heat there (aft. 32 h.) ; the hairs on the genitals fell out to some 
extent (aft. 5^ h.). [Beh,} 

A creeping on the scrotum, as from ants, which after scratching 
changes into burning and sore pain (aft. 2| h.). [HtH.] 
380. Burning tearing in the left testicle and burning in the prostate* 
gland, with frequent erections (aft. 8 h.). [fz.} 

Loss of sexual desire. 

Great stifFness of the penis without sexual desire. 

Swelling of the penis for several minntes, without 
amorous ezcitement either from thoughts, or words or 

actS (aft. if h.). [Htn.] 

Nocturnal seminai emissione without erection of the penis (the 
ist night). 
385. (The catamenia that had ceased for several months, carne on 
again at full moon.) 

Leucorrhoea after the catamenia, lasting some days. 

(Catarrhal fever, ali his limbs are painful and he has no relish for 

A contractive pain that seemed to narrow the pit of the throat, 
worse when bending the ncck, for ten minutes (aft. 3^ h.). [Gn.] 

Great hoaiseness. 



390. Rougime» in the throat, that impedes talking. [fr. H — «.] 

Somedmes an irritation 2S to cotigh, whìch, bowc%*er, onl j causcs 
a couple of sdtcbes in the palate, but no actual cough. 

Irritation to cough from a tickling in the pit of the throat. 

In the moming cough wìth whitish-jreUow expectoration. 

(Before the cough comes, he crìes out about pains in the 
395* Headache as if the siculi would burst, from cou^iing. 

Along with fluent corjza and cough, buming in the chest and up 
into the throat as far as the mouth, even when she did not cough. 

Dry cough ; the irritation and tickling that caused it were fdt 
deep in just above the scrobiculus cordis ; in the evening after Ijring 
down the cough is worst. [Fr. H — «.] 

Severe cough, which causes heaving as if to vomit, but wìthout 
pain. [Fr. H — n!\ 

A creeping pain in the chest, when at rest ; on bending fbrwards 
there is pain in the stemum, as also durìng any movement and on 
400. Pain in the chest as from exhaustion, as if it arose fìrom prolonged 
sitting, through the whole chest — ^ameliorated by walking. 

Obtuse stitches in the middle of the sternum (aft. 4 h.). [Gn!\ 

A shooting in the lower part of the right side of the chest, when 
sitting, on drawing in the breath, which goes off on walking. 

Obtuse shooting on the left side betwixt the lowest fdse rìb and 
the pelvis, which appears to spread over the abdomen, more violent 
during inspiration, [HrrJ\ 

Sharp stitches in the region of the first right £dse rìb (aft. 34 
h.). [Hrr.-] 
405. Difficult, tightened breathing, with small stitches between the 
short ribs of both sides, chiefly the left (aft. 3^ h.). [///»•] 

In the upper region of the chest imder the right arm, a sharp 
shootine, which takes away the breath for instants, as when one 
falls suddenly into the water (aft. 3, 4 h.). [iWyr.] 

Boring, obtuse stitch in the left side of the chest, continued ; 
more violent during inspiration (aft. ^ h.). [GnJ\ 

(A severe pressure ali over the chest waking him up out of sleep 
at night, which extended to the abdomen and went ofF after a 
discharge of flatus.) 

Pinching shootine in the whole chest (aft. 3 h.}. [Gn.] 
410. Boring pinching m the left side of the chest, persisting during 
inspiration and expiration (aft. 3^ h.). [Gn,"] 

Pressure and oppression benind the sternum^ whereby 
insviration is renaered difficult (aft 3 h.). [/z.] 

In the right side, in the region of the seventh rib, a pressive 
squeezing. [Gjj.] 

In the region of the seventh rib, not hv from the sternum, an 
intermitting, pressive squeezing. [GssJ] 

In the region of the left nipple, a pressive squeezing. [Cxxx.] 
415. Oppression of the chest ; the chest is contracted^ with attendane 
stitches (in the afternoon). 


Painful oppression of the chest on commencing to walk. [St/,] 

Pain in the chest, as if constricted. 

Squeezing pressure under the last right false rib, anteriorly in the 
region of the sternum (aft, 3 h,). [Hrr.'] 

Squeezing pressure opposite the right nipple under the right 
axilla (aft. 23 h.). IHrr.] 
420. Pressive pain in the left side of the chest, most severe during 
inspiration and expiration (aft. io h.). [Gn.] 

Pressive pain in the middle of the chest, most severe 
when expirmg; he felt as if the sternum wonld he 
pressed out ; on pressing the hand on the sternum the 

5iain was more violent, as also on stooping, coughing, ftc, 
or an hour (aft. 25 h.). [Ct«.] 

Burning on the chest, externally. 

Sharp pressure in the left mammary gland (aft. i ^ h.). [Fr. H — «.] 
Sensation on the side of the chest as if the ribs were beaten in 
(aft. 3h.). [Fz.] 
425. Cutting pressure on the left side of the chest on breathing deeply. 

A burning in the chest causes her to cough. 

Burning cutting pain in the left breast (when sitting), more 
severe when touched (aft. 9 h.). \_MyrJ\ 

Burning sore pain internally on the last rib (aft, 7 h). [/«.] 

Burning on the chest. [/r. H — «.] 
430. An itching pricking as from many fleas, betwixt the mammae, 
owing to which she awoke about midnight and could nélther lie 
nor sit stili on account of it, but had to get out of béd and walk 
about the room for an hour. [/>. H — «.] 

Itching erosion on the right side at the false ribs, which excites 
hacking cough. \^Hrr.'] 

After each starting up out of sleep, palpitation of the heart. 

Red pimples on the neck, chest and back, particularly above the 
scapulae, which are only sensitive when touched or when rubbed by the 
clothes (especially those on the sternum), and which show themselvcs 
chiefly in the evening, but have partially disappeared in the morning j 
some of them last a tortnight. [^.] 

Itching erosion on several parts of the trunk and thigh^ sometimes 
in one place sometimes in another. \^Hrr^ 
435. Itching erosion in the region of the lumbar vertebrae, which 
excites scratching. \^Hrr.'\ 

On lifting there occurred a stitch over the hip into the loins, 
which persisted while sitting \ it went off at once on moving. 

Itching prick above the anus on the coccyx for some minutes 
(aft. 8 h.). [Gn.] 

Fine pricks above the anus,on the coccyx and sternum (aft. ^h.). 

Just above the sacrum a place where there is burning pain. 
440. On rising up after cowering down, a severe stitch in the sacrum. 

In the sacrum a lively pain, like drawing and pressing, sometimes 
tearing — only distinctly relt when standing (aft. 5^ h.}. [/».] 


Intermittent quiclc drawing and aching sacrai pain, mostly when 
standing, less when walking^ which goes off by pressing on it, sitting 
down, and also when stooping. [Fz,] 

Intermittent tearing sacrai pain after rìsing up from stooping, but 
quietly drawing in jerks when he stands stili, [/z.] 

At night tearing pain in the back. 
445. Pinching pain in the middle of the spine (aft. 6 h.). [/f^.] 

Small violent jerking stitches on the middle of the spine (aft. J 
h.). [Htn,] 

In the dorsal vertebrae painftil drawing, as if they were bruised, 
chicfly when sitting (aft. 4 h.). [Fz.] 

Painftil tearing on the left scapola, when sitting, with the body 
bcnt ft>rwards (aft. 26 h.). [Fz.] 

Eiiiption on the scapula, which does noi itch, but is painhil when 
450. Under the apex of the scapula a slight drawing and pressure on 
the bone, like gnawing. [Fz.] 

Squeezing pressure on the top of the right shoulder. [Hrr,^ 

In the shoulder- joint drawing and throbbing. 

Tearing in the left shoulder and left band. 

Here and there on the arm and shoulder a burning pain, as from 
a red-hot coal. 
455. In the forenoon a weakness in the arm, so that it trembled. 

The (injured) arm becomes stifFand painftil on every movcmcnt ; 
the band becomes as heavy as lead ; in the ulcer there is a jerking 
ìd shooting, and in the ball of the thumb and in the fingers there is 
a tearing and shooting ; the band feels an internai burning pain ; on 
allowing the arm to bang down the blood rushes into the band. 
^^ Drawing in both arms, from the shoulder downwards. 

. An itching prick on the right upper arm, which did not quite go 
ofFby scratching (aft. 1 h.). [G«.] 

Muscular twitching on the left upper arm, above the bend of the 
cibow, which went ofFon moving (aft. ij h.). [G«.] 
460. Very painful twitching tearing in the limbs, in the arms, fingers, 
&c. [Gss] 

Paralytic squeezing pressure on the right upper arm anteriorly, 
more violent when touched (aft. 13 h.). ìhrr,'] 

Paralytic pressure on the left upper arm, posterìorly, more violent 
when touched. [Hrr,] 

A feeling of icy coldness on the right upper arm. [Myr.] 

The forearms are painful, as if bruised, when he leans upon the 
table with them (aft. 26 h.). [Fz,] 
465. A drawing from the elbow to the shoulder. 

In the points of both elbows a burning sensation. 

Drawing cutting pain in the elbow-joint, in the wrist-joints, and 
the proximal finger-joints. 

The elbow-joint is painful to the touch. 

Under the elbow, on the outer side of the forearm, a paralytic 
pain, which, however, does not prevent the movemcnt of the arm. 

470. Sharp shooting boring pains on the inner side of the 


left foreamiy near the bend of the elbow, worst when at 
rest (aft. 37 h.). [G«.] 

Painful squeezing heaviness in the right forearm. [i//;f.] 

Squeezing pressure on the forearm, on the inner side inferiori/ 
(aft. 4. h.). [Hrr.] 

Sensation of stifFness and squeezing pain in the right wrist-joint, 
more painful on moving (aft. 8 h.). [Htn,] 

On the shafts of the bones of the forearm and the bones of the 

band and fiagers a tearing rolling upwards and downwards, some- 

timcs an obtuse shooting therein (from the 6th to the 8th d.). [Beh.] 

475. The hands tremble when writing, he cannot keep them quiet, 

and he feels a creeping and itching in them (aft. 3 h.). [ff^sj] 

Pinching pain above the right wrist-joint (aft. 4 h.ì. [^.] 

Tearing across the right wrist-joint (aft. io h.). [Myr.] 

Rough, corrugated, dry slcin of the hands. 

Itching on the backs of both hands, which is increased by 
480. Increased warmth in both palms (aft. ^ h.). [/r. H — «.] 

Drawing shooting pains in the muscles of the right palm (aft. 4! 
h.). [Htn,'\ 

Drawing shooting pains in the muscles of the left palm. [Htn.] 

Pricks in the finger-joints. 

Tearing in the thumb and index of the right band, especially in 
the joints ; on moving them there occurs a kind of tension, a feeling 
as if the tendons were too short. \_Hrr^ 
485. Tearing in the middle and index fìngers of the right band (aft. 2 
h.). r/frr.] 

Tearing in the left ring finger. [Hrr,] 

Violent shaip shooting tearing in the proximal 
phalanx of the nght middle finger (aft. 8^ h.). [Htn.] 

(Among the metacarpal bones an exostosis, very painful per se^ 
especially at night, most painful when touched.) 

Pinching, squeezing pain between the right metacarpal bones, as 
' if they were squeezed together (aft. i^ h.). [///«.] 
490. A kind of cramp pain in the fingers of the left band, during 
which, however, movement remains free. [Oss.] 

On the little finger a painful aching drawing, especially at the joint, 
which goes ofFwhen he bends the extended fingers into the band. \_Fz!\ 

During the chili one side of the left index quite dies away and 
is softer to the touch, so that it seems as if a hard line ran along the 
finger between the living and the dead parts (aft. 3 h.). [/^z.] 

Pimple-like red spots on the backs of the fingers, without sensa- 
tion. [Beh."] 

Red papules, the size of a pin's head (latterly with a white eleva- 
tion in their centre), on the backs and sides of the fingers and between 
the fingers, without any sensation, which lasted five days (aft. 11 d.). 

49S. The fingers became cold, ycllow, corrugated, and as if asleep, and 
at the same time the pulse was slow, very small, and could scarcely 
bcfelt(aft. 13 h.). [Myr.] 

VOL. U. 2121 


laDBziBccsex^ occsse sdtcfacs in the ball of the left thumb. 

Fz3e "r - v -y-ig tkrsczh ùe back of the rìght thumb extending to 

ix^ìz£ oc ihe m^iiìif finger of the left band, which went 
c£. ET 2 ififeort case ccIt, afrcr scntching. [di.] 

53C. Wbes waLc^ cnapf dnwing in the left natis. [/*z.] 

Irz&mc iw't^'i^g in boch glutaci muscics above the cocc]rx (aft. 

PediBg ms if IniBed in the hips, thighs, aznui, and 
Mfe Uke y n iug puns; àt the same time repeated 
snelle teanng atxubes in ali theae parta at once: the 

*cl:.:^je^ occ^r each rime he commences to walk, and especially to 
go ;;:^ sta::^ ; tbe brcised pain, howe^-er, is persistent whiìst sitting, 
saacing, az-i v-£kÌ2g ^aft. 53 h.). [Bck^ 

A jcr e tcr 3 £ are Vruìied pain in the hip-joint, worse on moving. 

Alter sÈrtÌ2g« a heaTiness and as it were paralysis in the left hip- 
iocnt^ oc cxnmenelcg to walk, which, however, goes off after 
cocr'nu-ng to moTe ^aft. 2^ h.). [///«.] 
5C5. In the tn3chanter, a pain when walking and touching, as if 

Tcarìng poìn in the thigh some inches below the hip, which 
sccms to go up trom the hougfa, but is not relieved by pressing on it. 

Bciow the h:p a tearlng pressive pain upwards in the thigh and at 
the same time on the tìbia (immediate! j). [/z.] 

Bruiscd pain in the musdes of the thigh. 

In the posterior musdes of the thi^ a buming sensation, when 
standing, which goes odFon walking (a£. 4^ h.}. [/k.] 
5 IO. Pressure as with a blunt bit of wood posterìorly on the thigh. 

Serere stitchcs in the thighs, on moving, but chiefly when sittiiig 
down and rising up firom the seat. 

Bering obtuse sdtch in the left thigh, near the inguinal ring, 
when at rcst \jàit. \\ h.). [G«.] 

Pressive cramp-pain in the rieht thigh (aft. 2 d.). [Hrr^ 

\Mien walking the thighs and legs feel as if bruised. [Afyr.'\ 
515. When sitting an anxious weariness in the thighs ^ in order to 
rclieve it he must constantly move the legs. [.^t.] 

The thighs across their middle are as if bruised, only when 
walking ; he feels as if they would break in the middle, so that he 
must stagger. [Mjr.] 

A very sharp pressure in the muscles of the right thigh down to 
the knee (aft. 2Ì h.). [*7.] 

Painfiil pulsating twitching from the middle of the thigh to the 
knec (aft. 2è h.). [/i^jr.] 

Pressure as with the finger, a hand's breadth above both knees 
(aft. i h.). IHrr.] 


520. Fressiye sqneesinff above the knee, on the onter side 
oftheleftthigh. [Gss.] 

Pressure a hand's breadth below both knees. [lìrr.] 

Just below the left knee, a pressure, as with something blunt, a 
kind of squeezing, at intervals of from five to six minutes, and lasting 
from two to six seconds (aft. ^ h.). [Gss.] 

A stretching pain in the tendons of the houghs— worse when 
moving — ^which then were painful when touched. [BchJ] 

Painful drawing deep in the left knee and down towards the 
tibia, when on walkine the weight of the body rests on one leg, and 
the body is about to be supported on the right leg that is moved 
forwards. [Gxi.] 
525. Shooting pain in the right patella, when at rest ; worst when 
moving (aft. 32 h.). [Gn.] 

On the knee and calf, several pimples with violent itching, by 
day and in the evening in bed ; scratching was at first agreeable, but 
afterwards left a buming ; the pimples ran together^ became sore, 
spread around, and each became a small easily bleeding ulcer. [Myr.] 

Spasmodic drawing in the leg, also at night in bed ; she must lay 
the limb at one time in one place at another in another place ; when 
it Comes on by day she must get up and walk. 

Perceptible pulsation in the left leg, when at rest (aft. 8^ h.). [Gh.] 

Itching erosion on the left leg ; it excites to scratching ; after 
the scratching there is transient alleviation, and then the erosion 
becomes more severe than before. [Hm"] 

530. Exhanstion in the leg^s, when walkine. [Myr.] 

Aching pain in the right tibia, when at rest, wnich went off when 
walking (sSt. 12 h.). [Gn.] 

Sharp shooting in the lower part of the tibia (aft. i h.}. [Lr.] • 

Spasmodic nippine in the left calf, which is removed for some 
time after rubbing (aft. io m.). [ff^s,] 

Cutting shooting pain in the muscles of the left calf, downwards 
(aft.6ih.). [Hin.] 

535- rormication on the right leg. [Gss.] 

On the ankle a severe itching; the part becomes red from 

Pain as if sprained, in the ankle-joint, even in bed in the morning. 

(On the right inner ankle, a tensive shooting pain up towards the 
right foot.) 

The left foot is quite numb and as if lifeless and without sensa- 
don, only when walking, not when sitting. 
540. Dull paralytic pain in the left ankle-joint, when at rest, on 
moving there is cracking in it (aft. 15 h.). [Gn.] 

Tensive sensationand gone to sleep feeling in the anterior portion 
of the right foot and toes (when walking). [Gn.] 

Tearing stitches in the ball of the left big toe (aft. 2 J h.). [Htn.] 

Squeezing pressure on the two last toes of the right foot (aft. 
I h.). [Hrr.] 

Persistent boring stitch in the left little toe, when at rest and 
when moving (aft I2j^ h.). [Gn.] 


545. In the morning, sere pain on the outer side of the rìeht foot. 

In the soles a burning shootìng pain, especially in the evening, 
but in the morning only burning in them. 
Burning in the feet and soles. 
Violent jerk-like ^titches on the right sole {aft. 7I h.). [///«.] 

Squeezing pressure on the right sole, anteriorly (aft. 

7 h. f//rr.] 

550. Intermittent pressure on the loft sole, anteriorly, in 
the region of the Dig tee. [f^rr,] 

Squeezing pressure on the loft sole (aft. 3 h.). [Hrr.] 

Shooting and Durning in the corns for eight days. 

Red spots on the upper and lower extremities, which bum like 

The whole body (face, hands and feet excepted) looks redder 
than usuai ; very conspicuous large red spots and places, without 
sensation, appear on the shoulders ; broad red stripes spread over the 
patellx and from both hips to the navel ; when the body is uncovered 
it is very sensitive to the open air, but the beat of the bed is pleasant ; 
the large red spots lasted more than twenty-four hours. [^.] 
55 j. On several parts of the body a violent burning prìcking itching ; 
the more he scratched the redder the part became, and the more 
burning and prìcking was there in it afterwards. 

Eruption of reo, smooth pimples on the forearms and neck, 
surrounded by red areolae, which per se are without sensation, but 
when touched are painful as if excoriated. 

Miliary rash ali over the body, which burns rather than itches. 

(Burnmg pain in the ulcers.) 

Every sore or injured place on the body is painful asif excoriated. 
560. In the wounds, sore pain, even in the wounds of the bones. 

Feeling ali over the body as if something ran over the skin, mixed 
with some fine pricks (aft. some m.). [ff^s,] 

Feeling as if ants were running over the body bere and there. 

Here and there over the bo^ a creeping (itching) like 
ants running about (aft. 6 h.). [uss.] 

Itchine creeping on the body and hands, in the even- 
ing after lying down. [Gss.] 

565. Rapidly occurring itching here and there on the body, on the 
back, arms, pudendum and even on the scalp, which goes off only for 
instants by scratching. \_St/,'] 

Spasmodic drawing in the hands and feet, as if asleep, in the 
morning and cvenine. 

The arms and legs go to sleep at night; he cannot then 
move them himself, the limbs must be moved by others from their 

Sensation in the upper and lower extremities, as if gonc to sleep^ 
creeping and powerlessness in them. 

In the morning the joints are as if bruised, in the 
arms, legs and nape. 

570. Hand and foot as if bruised (as if paralysed). 


Ali the pains from phosphoric acid are neither aggravateci nor 
amcliorated by pressure with the hand. [Gss,] 

Very acute pain like scraping with a knife, on the periosteum of 
ali the shafts of the bones of the whole body (aft. i, 2 h.). [Myr.] 

Ali the limbs feel contracted. [Fr, H—n,] 

He thinks he staggers when walking. [/r. H — «.] 
575. Exhaustion in allparts of the body. [i/rr.J 

The body is unwieldy, the mind inactive. 

The body exhausted, the mind depressed (the 4th d.). 

He is wc»ker and more exhausted. 

In the morning after rising, she is so exhausted (and looks 
pale) that she must lie down again for some time ; then she feels 
580. Exhaustion of the body (in the afternoon). [ff^s.] 

(A kind of epilepsy [immediately after taking the medicine]). [Fr. 

Feeling of an agitation in the blood. 

Great restlessness, a forcing and driving in the blood ; he is as if 
besìde himself (aft 4 d.). 

He sweats profusely when walking. 
585. Very much fatigued by a walk, exhausted and prostrated ; chilli- 
ness in the house (aft, 50 h.). 

When walking in the open air he sweats profusely ali over, 
especially in the genitals. 

He becomes thinner, looks wretched in the face, and has deeply 
set eyes. 

Constant yawning and stretching of the arms, with drowsiness 
(aft. ijh.). [Htn.] 

Much yawning, during which water runs out of the eyes. 
590. By day great weariness and drowsiness, which goes ofFon walking ; 
but at night she cannot go to sleep, and from evening till midnight 
she has beat and perspiration. 

He falls irresistibly into a sound and deep sleep in the middle 
of writing. [Fr. H — ».] 

Sopor; must sleep afterdinner; he falls asleepwhiletalking. [Myr.] 

Drowsiness ali day with yawning, which always makes him 
dose bis eyes. [Fz."] 

In the eyening early sleeping ; and in the morning great 

drowsiness for a long time. 
5Q5. He falls asleep earlier than usuai, from exhaustion, and sleeps 
more profoundly than usuai. 

In the evening, great drowsiness with yawning, which always 
makes him dose his eyes. [Fz,"] 

Such deep sleep thathe can hardlybe awokcin the morning. [///».] 

He can only fall asleep late in the evening (aft. 3 d.). 

Sleep with sometimes vexatious, sometimes indifFerent dreams, 
during which, towards morning, he lays his arms under his head, and 
they then go to sleep. [Fz.] 
600. Ravenous hunger wakes him up at night. 

(He moans much in his sleep.) 


(With half open eyes he wails and talks in his slumber, and his 
hands twitch.) 

In the evcning he lay for a couple of hours in bed, without bcing 
able to sleep ; ciphers carne before his eyes, as if he was not quite 
right in his head ; when he rose up, this went off. 

(In slumber he has sometimes a smiling sometimes a lachrymose 
expression, and the half open eyes are distorted.) 
605. Lascìvious dreams with seminai emission. [Gn.] 

Sleep at night disturbed by dreams and erections. 

Before midnight agreeable, after midnight very frightfiil but ill- 
remembered dreams. [Gn.] 

{Wondcrful dreams at night.) 

Ali night in his dreams he is occupied with the things that had 
last happened to him in the evening. 
6io. Very vivid dreams, as by dav, of feasting. 

Restless night with dreams mll of scolding and quarrelling. [Xr.] 

Vivid, gruesome dreams, not remcmbered in the morning. ISt/.^ 

Disturbing dreams. 

Frequent starting up at night out of sleep, as if he fell down and 

into the water, [ir.] 

615. He wakes up about i a.m., and though his consciousness is 

pretty clear^ he has very gloomy, anxious, care-beset thoughts, for 

half an hour, whereupon he falls asleep again until the morning. [St/.] 

The first night dreams of dead people, which make him very 
anxious, and when he is half awake he is uncommonly fearful. [Fz,] 

Restless sleep with dry beat (the 6th night) . 

Too early waking at night, and he cannot go to sleep again. [Fr. 
H — ».] 

Anxious waking (the first night). 

620. In tiie morning he can hardly be ronsed from sleep, 

and is stili very drowsy. 

In the morning he gets up in very bad humour, exhausted and 

Chilly feeling on the face, temples, and forehead, as if from a 
cool wind blowing on him, with cold feeling in the tips of the 
fingers, which were quite cold to the touch (aft. i h.). [5//I] 

Shivcring over the abdomen, with cold finger tips, for two hours, 
without thirst, chiefly from the access of the open air, even when he 
mcrcly looked out of window, without subsequent beat (aft. 2 h.), 

Frequent cold feeling on the right cheek, and warm feeling on 
the left, without outwardly perceptible alteration of the temperature. 
623. In the evening attacks of febrile rigor, followed at night by 
exhausting perspiration (the 2nd night). 

Chilliness, even when walking in the warm room. [5//:] 

Chili ali over the body (aft. 26 h.). [Myr.] 

Chili ali the forenoon, by jerks, likc general shudder (but not 
running over him) even in the room, with blue, icy cold hands and 
dry palate, without particular thirst. [/z.] 



Every night fever : in the cvening, after slecping fot an hour, shc 
is awalcened by chilliness ali over the body and drawing in the limbs, 
without subsequent beat. 
630. Towards evening, chilliness and coldness for an hour, without 
thirst and without subsequent beat. 

Alternation of shivering and beat, in the evening. 

Frequent alternations of chilliness and beat, in the evening ; the 
dry beat in the face is not attended by redness, and during this beat 
there is chilliness ; after the cessation of the beat stili greater chilli- 
ness, coldness runs ali over bis body; towards morning profuse 
sweat in the second sleep, that is, when, after awaking, he again fell 

Severe rigor, from afternoon till evening, io o'clock, thcn dry 
beat to such a degree that he became almost unconscious. 

Rigor ali over the body, with icy cold fingers, without thirst (an 
hour after eating) ; after four bours increased warmth, without thirst. 
635. Frequent rusbing over of cold and chilliness, and palpitation of 
the heart. 

Occasionai rigor running over bim, without thirst, for a minute, 
followed immediately by beat rapidly alternating with cold for a 
minute. [Gj^.] 

In the evening on lying down chilliness, and after the first 
awaking beat ali over, without thirst (aft. 12 h.). 

In the evening chilliness causing trembling, then in the morning 
beat of the face, dryness in the mouth, and sbooting pain in the throat 
when swallowing. 

The temporal arteries and the blood-vessels of the band are 
distended, and the arteries beat more full. [^.] 
640. On going to sleep dry beat (the 4th evening). 

In the evening beat of ali the body, followed by restless night. 

After lying down in the evening beat ali over the head, with 
only moderately warm body, but very cold feet (aft. 14Ì b.). [///«.] 

Internai beat tbroughout the body, without thirst, not perceptible 
outwardly and without redness of the cheeks ; he becomes anxious 
and breathes deep (aft. li h.). [/i^x.] 

In the evening when walking in the open air beat on the cheeks 
and flying beat in the back. [FzA 
645. Morning sweat, with beavy dreams of dead people, and as if he 
were hunted. 

Profuse morning sweat. 

On two nights, about midnight and when he awakes, profuse 
sweat, which commenced on the head, and was most profuse on the 

(Great thirst for water, with much beat and perspiration ali over, 
by day and night.) 

Pulse beats strongly (aft. 9 h,). [Beh.] 
650. The pulse is irregular and often intermits one or two beats. 



In the afternoon beat in the face, without redness, with thirst. 

In the evening before falling asleep, beat in tbe cbeeks and ears. 

At nigbt much beat in tbe face. [Beh.'] 

Internai beat and anxiety ; be feels as if tbe cbest were too 
narrow (aft. 8 b.). [Hrr.'] 
655. Grcat anxiety ; bc must He down in tbe afternoon (tbe 3rd d.). 

Restlessness and anxiety tbrougbout tbe body. 

He looks very HI humoured and sullen, so tbat evervbod v 

asks bim wbat is tbe matter, and yet be does not look actuaìly ili. 

Very irritated, tbe mind depressed, tbe body exbausted. 

Very irritated, cross, ili bumoured. [Stf,] 
660. Always cross, disinclination to speak. 

Silent crossness. [Hrr.'] 

A trifling vexation makes bim very angry and bot. 

He speaks unwillingly, talkìng is very disagreeable to bim. [St/'.'] 

He speaks little and answers unwillingly questions put to bim 
(aft. 5 b.). [Hrr.] 
665. Dislike to speak. [Lr.] 

Wben speaking a kind of burriedness ; be cannot get anytbing 
quickly enougb, whereas be is usually very patient. 

Restlessness in tbe morning in bed. 

Inward restlessness binders bim in bis work. 

Rcstless, indifFerent. [St/.] 

670. Sad humour, on account of concem for the future (aft. 

50 b.). [Gn.] 

Dejection (aft. 4 d.). 

Serious, dejected, and sad, only wben walking in tbe open air, and 
tbe more be walked tbe more sad, serious, and dejected he became ; 
in tbe house tbis went ofFgradually, and he became cbeerftil. 

Disposition lachrymose, as from home sickness. [3r«.] 

Discontented with himself, self-reproacbes. [Lr.] 
675. He is very wilful about everything. 

Disposition active and lively* (aft. 24 h.). [Fz,] 

He became very cheerfiil and well disposed.^ [Beh.] 

(Disposition is often extravagantjy gay.f) 

(A woman afFected with epilepsy danced in a senseless, violent, 
and wild manner foT several days, without lying down, except at 
nigbt.t) [Fr. H-^n.] 

• Reaction of the oreanism, secoiidary action. 

t This inordinate gaiety secms to be a (rare) alternating action. 


(^Anemone Pratensis,) 

(The expressed juice of the whole green fresh plant mixed with equal parts of 
alcohol by shaking. After the cloudiness has settled down, the clear fluid is decanted 
off. Of this two drops are dropped into the first of 30 diluting-phials (each fiUed 
three quarters fiiU witn 99 drops of alcohol), and the phial beine corked is held in 
the band and the contents potentized by nìeansof two strokes of the arm from above 
downwards. This is to be marked first dilution or -r^. Of this one drop is to be 
introduced into the second phial and two equal shalces administered (to be marked 
second dilution or y^^^j^j). One drop of this is to be introduced into the third phial, 
and this process is to ne repeated, until the thirtieth phial is provided with one drop 
from the twenty-ninth (which had got its drop from the tvvcnty-eiehth phial and 
becn twice shaken) j this is also to be twice shaken and marked 30th dilution or X.) 

This very powerful plant produces many symptoms on the healthy 
human body (as may be seen from the following tolerably complete 
list), which often correspond to the morbid symptoms commonly met 
with ; hence, also, they admit of frequent homceopathic employment, 
and often do good. We can therefore unquestionably reckon it as a 
remedy of many uses (polychrest). 

It is useful in acute as well as in chronic diseases, as its action, even 
in small doses, lasts from ten to twelve days. 

I have indicated the peculiarities of its symptoms in the notes, there- 
fore I will not repeat them bere. 

As the experiments, whose results will be found below, were chiefly 
made by me with very moderate and small doses, the symptoms recorded 
are consequently almost without exception primary efrects. 

The homceopathic employment of this, as of ali other medicines, is 
most suitable when not only the corporeal affections of the medicine 
correspond in similarity to the corporeal symptoms of the disease, but 
also when the mental and emotional alterations peculiar to the drug 
encounter similar states in the disease to be cured, or at least in the 
temperament of the subject of treatment. 

Hence the medicinal employment of pulsatilla will be ali the more 
efficacious when, in affections for which this plant is suitable in respect 
to the corporeal symptoms, there is at the same ti me in the patient a 
timid, lachrymose disposition, with a tendency to inward grief and silent 
peevishness, or at ali events a mild and yielding disposition, especially 
when the patient in bis normal state of health was good tempered and 
mild (or even frivolous and good-humouredly waggish). It is therefore 
especially adapted for slow, phlegmatic temperaments y on the other 
band, it is but little suitable for persons who form their resolutions with 

* From voi. ii, 3rd edit., 1833. 


rxpidìtr, ind ire quick in their tnovcments, cvcn though they may 
appear ro be zood rempered. 

[e ìcrs Jtsz wncn rhere is a. disposidon to chilliness and adipsia. 

Ir s aamcuLiriv suitabie rbr mniales when their menses usually come 
jn iGme iivs iiter che proper nme ; and especially also when the patient 
must lie lon^ m bea or night beibre he can get to sleep, and when the 
patienr :« -vorst :n die ccning. le is useful Ibr the ili effècts catised by 
panakmg ir pork. 

When puisanila has bccn gìven in too largc a dose, or in an iinsuit* 
abie case, xnd has consequently produced disagreeable effècts, these, 
acxaraìng zo their peculiar character^ may be removed by chamomilla 
particiiariv when drowsiness^ exhausdon^ and diminudon ofthesenses 
are permanent jr bv an inrusion of coffee {e.g, in the dmorous anxiety), 
or by ignaria or nux vonuca. The fever, the disposidon to weep, and 
che pains or puisanila with ali their after-su&nngs can be most quickly 
removed br che cinccure or raw coffee. 

The prcper dose :s a small globale moistened with the thirdeth 
potcncy, repeaced ac mosr everv twenty-fbur hours ; in acute diseases 
the oìnction or a ^obule che size o( a mustard seed is preferable. 

^HAHifH'tf.ì.iN^: n^àaw prorcrrs wcre. Fkiedkich HaHHEMAVNt HORHBUILGy 

Symprams ire nksn 2Pom the àjiiovrinsj sources : 

Bea Jiui* JLa. yUJ. 

iÌELL.wi^G, Fiar2 Oimpamu Lips, i7'9- 

HHTia, in CrsìTi J-ntum^ ìL 

S-iUa, in S^rgius' Mar. j/^x 

SroEUCX, AsT. V., Tj» ,^ Pulsatilla, 

In the F^'jg. d£ Hr. pulsatilla has 509 symptonts in the ist cdit. 1073, in the ind 
edic ri -15, :n thi*- la>t eUition they are reduced to 1154 (correcting the erroneous 



Violent vcrdgo, like intoxicadon. [5//'.] 

Vcrtigo, like that which occurs on tuming round for a long timc 
in a cirde, combined with nausea. [Hòg,] 

Vertigo (immediately), stili worse the next day. [Fr. H — «.] 

5- Vertìgo as firom intoxication,* 

Vertigo as if the blood mounted to the head j raking and grasping 
in it. 

Giddy staggering, as from intoxication, with internai heat of head 
and paleness of the normally warm face, especially in the evening. 

Staggering as from the side. [/r. H — «.] 

Staggering, as from drinking spirits. \_Hbg,'\ 
IO, Attacks of vertigo, intoxication, heat. 

After eating he feels as if intoxicated. 

Vertigo, especially when sitting. 

♦ 5, 7, comp. 41, 1077, 


Vertigo in the morning on rising from bed ; on account of it he 
must He down again. 

Vcrtigo when taking a walk in the open air,* which goes off on 
sittin?^ down. 

15. Whirling, only when sitting, and stupid in the head, and as if 

Vertigo, he imagines he cannot stand (in the ist hours). 

Vcrtigo, he imagines he cannot comprehend a subject (in the ist 

A kind of vertigo — when he turns the eyes upwards — as if he 
would fall, or as if he were dancing.f 

Vcrtigo when stooping, as if he would fall down, as from intoxi- 
cation ; followed by inclination to vomit (aft. 6 h.). 
20. Vertigo when stooping down, so that she could hardly raise her- 
self up again. 

When stooping he feels as if the head became too heavy, and he 
could not raise himself up again. 

V^ertigo as from a weight in the head, when walking and stooping, 
with some whirling which was also felt when lying. 

When stooping forwards sensation in the head as if he would fall 

Staggerìng when walking as if he had vertigo, and yet he is not 
gìddy, in the eveningf (aft. 3 d.). 
25. Dulness in the head and vertigo, caused by moving. 

Cannot support his head nor hold it upright, must lie down, and 
yet cannot remain in bed.§ 

Headache, when lying down for the midday siesta, in the half of 
the brain of the side on which he is not lying|| (aft. 18 h.). 

Cannot maintain the head erect, cannot raise it. 

Heavìness of the 

30. Heavinfess in the head, he cannot bear the light of a candle.*^ 

Dulness of the head and pains in the forehead as if beaten to 

Headache, so that he would like to incline his head to one side. 

Headache on moving the eyes, deep in the orbits, as if the fore- 
head would fall out, and the frontal bones were too thin, with dulness 
of the head, in the evcningft (aft. 48 h.). 

Semilateral headache, as if the brain would burst, and the eyes 
fall out of the head. 

• One of the iltcmating states oi pulsatilla ^ which always comes on later and more 
nrely than the opposite state, wherc the ailments are relieved orgoofF in the open air, 
but recur when sitting and when at rest, as may be seen in part in S. 15. 

t Comp. 64. 

I Comp. 810. 

§ A kind of third altcrnating state, which is intermediate between the production 
of the symptoms when sitting and the production of symptoms by movement. 

II Comp. 58. 

\ Comp. 102, 733, 1014. 

•• The ovcrsensitiveness of the eyes to light, comp. 103, 104, 105, 107 is an altcì- 
nating state with the dimness of vision caused by pulsatilla, See 94, 98, 99» loi^ 

tt 33» 34-» comp. with 113, 711, 788, 900, 


35. Head stupid, so that the eyes in her head are painful. 
Head as if stupid and heavy. 

Stnpid feeling in the head, and pain as £rom a bmise 
in the ìorehead 

Stupid feeling in the head, as if his memory were defective (aft. 

Emptiness and hollowness in the head -, his head felt like a 
40. Emptiness and pain in the head as from a debauch the previous 

Headache as from intoxication and night-watching (aft. 12 h.}. 

Dulness in the head ; his thoughts leave him. 

A thought he has once entertained he cannot get rid of. 

Headache causing him to be confused, when he comes into the 
warm room.f 
45. Creeping pain in the forehead| (aft. i h.). 

Gurgling in the head, at night ; he distinctly heard the pulse 
beating in it. 

Headache like throbbing of the arteries in the brain (aft. 6 h.}. 

Throbbing headache about midnight. 

Throbbing pain in the forehead, when stooping and when exerting 
his mind, which goes ofFon walking, in the evening. 
50. Headache in the occiput, a rythmical throbbing. [Hb^,] 

Throbbing, aching pain in the head, which was alleviated by 
external pressure§ (aft. ^ h.). 

Aching pain in the head on stooping forwards. 

In the forehead, above the orbits, an aching pain involving the 
head. [RÀt.] 

Dull headache, especially pressive in the forehead (aft. i h.) 
55. Aching pain in the whole forehead at once, only when walking. 

Aching pain in the occiput ; at the same time frequently hot in 
the body and always in transpiration. 

Aching, tearing pain in the left side of the occiput, in the morning 
(aft. 60 h.). 

After lying down to sleep heavy headache, on the side on which 
he is not lying. || 

Drawing pain in the occiput above the nape, in the morningll 
(aft. 60 h.). 
60. Headache on awaking and some time thereafter ; the brain con- 
fused and as if lacerated, as in putrid fever, or after drinking spirits 
(aft. 6, 12 h.). 

Watering of one eye with drawing headache. 

• Comp. 931, 105 1. 

ÌComp. 573. 
Comp. 102, 723. 
§ This dìminution of the pains hy external pressure occurs in other pubatilla 
pains} see 840, 841. 

Il Comp. 17. 

Comp. 6x, 101. 


Pain on the hairy scalp on stroking back the hair, a kind of 
drawing pain. 

Tensive headache over the brain (aft. i h.). [RÀtJ] 

Tcnsive drawing pain in the forehead above the orbits ; which is 
aggravated by raising up the eye.* 
65. Headache : the brain is as if squeezed in, with a boring pain 
in the vertex. 

Headache in the temples, as if constricted. [St/J] 

Above the eyes a contractive headache, which is aggravated if she 
lodcs dosely at anything. 

An out-borìng headache with dull stitches. 

Sinele sharp blows or jerks in the right half of the brain (aft. i h). 
70. Jerking tearing in both temples, as if they would be torn 

Headache : Shooting from the occiput through the ears. 

Shooting in the occiput, which is aggravated by lying down, but 
goes off on rising up. 

Stitches which dart through the whole brain, after dinner till bed- 
time, mingled with shivering and attacks of faintness (aft. 16 h.). 

Semilateral shooting in the head. 
75. Shooting pain in the head. [Heyer, in CrelPs Journ.^ ii, p, 205.] 

Shooting and tearing in the head, especially in the temples. 
[Fr. H—n.] 

Stitches in the temples. 

Stitches out at the forehead, in the evening. 

Cutting headache. 
80. Evening headache, as from stufFed coryza ; followed by dry beat 
in bed and sopor, with delirious visions and almost waking dreams.f 

Headache as from having eaten too much, or from having dis- 
ordered the stomach by over-Ioading it with too fat meat.| 

fiumming in the head. 

Rushing in the head, and stili louder roaring before the ears, on 
account of which he must go to bed in the evening earlier than usuai. 
[Fr. H—n.-] 

Headache, occasionally, as if a keen virind blew through the 
brain.§ (aft. 40 h.). 

85. Crepitation in the brain, when walking, synchronous with the 

The headache, which ceases and returns at indeterminate times, 
is especially severe when walking in the open air. [^^/.] 

Contracts the pupils at first. 

Dilates the pupils at last. 

Dilated pupils. [Rkt,] 
90. Swollen eves and sensation in them as if they were squinting. 

He sees ODJects doublé (aft. several h.). 

• Comp. 33. 

t Comp. 999, 1006, 1093. 

t Comp. 321, 327. 

j Comp. 155. 


Obscuration of the sight with ìnclination to vomit and pale 

Vertiginous obscuration of the sight after sitting, on standing 
upright and commencing to walk (aft. 24 h.). 

Dimness of vision^ like a mist before the eyes, on rìsing from a 
seat and walking (aft. 24 h.). 
95. Dim vision like a mist before the eyes. {^Hbg,'] 

Pale vision. [St/»"] 

Obscuration of sight.f [Saur,^ in Bergius, Mat. Med.^ p. 517.] 

In the morning on rising from bed, it is very dark before bis 

Transient obscuration of sight. 

joo. Greater acuteness of vision for distant objects.| 

During some days recurring obscuration of sight. 

Sight and hearing leave him, with drawing pain in the head and a 
sensation of heaviness and formication in the brain, followed by 

(Glittering before the eyes.) 

He sees fìery circles before the eyes, which become moreexpanded 
and larger towards noon (this ceases towards evening). 
105. The flame of a candle appears surrounded by a star-like halo. 

On shaking the head there is shooting in the left eye, and a tear 

One eye or the other sufFers shooting pains, almost witbout 
inflammation of the white, and he cannot look into the flame of a 
candle ; he can only open the eyelids a little way (aft. 3 h.). 

Headache extended into the right eye, there was aching in the 
latter, and a tear escaped from it. 

Headache extended down into the eyes, so that they were painful, 
in the evening. 
no. In the white of the eye near the cornea, a small (inflamed) red 
spot (aft. 30 h.). 

The border of the lower evelid is inflamed and swollen, and in the 
morning a tear escapes from the eye. 

The eyes are full of water, they weep ; eyes deeply sunk. 
[Ant. V. Stoerck,^ Von der Pulsatille^'Yxk.^ I??!-] 

Swelling and redness of the eyelids. [Saur, 1, e] 

A stye on the eyelid, and inflammation of the white of the eye, 
now in one now in the other canthus, with drawing tensive pain 
therein on moving the facial muscles, and with ulcerated nostrils.|| 
115. Dryness of the eyelids (aft. 12 h.). 

Dryness of the eyelids especially when he is sleepy (aft. 1^ h.)« 

Dryness of the right eye and sensation as if it were obscured by 

* 9^9 93; 94» 9^> 99» i^'j i^^» comp. with 97, 1078. 

f From the emanations. 

X Curative action after a large dose. 

§ Comp. 723, also 29, 30 and 45, likewise 59, 6i. 

fi Comp. 184, 185, 585, 586. 

* Effects of emanations while evaporating the jnicc. — With S. 113. 
' Effects observed mainly in patients* 


mucus hanging upon it, which could be wiped away, in the evening 
(aft. 24 h.).* 

Dryness of the eyes, and in the morning a sensation, as if a foreign 
body pressed on it (aft. many h.). 

Pain in the eye, as if it were scraped with a knife.^ [Stoerck, I. e] 
120. An aching pain in the left eye. 

An aching pain in the inner canthus of the eye. 

An aching burning pain in the eyes especially in the morning and 

Aching pain in the eyes as if beat were in them. 

Aching burning pain in the eye as if a hair had got into it. 
125. Uncommon tearing, boring cutting pains in the eye.^ [Stoerck, 
1. e] 

When reading, an aching in the eye, as if sand were in it, which 
went off when he left off reading, and returned on again reading. 

In the evening after sunset itching in the inner canthi of the 
eyes, as if a sore were healing ; after rubbing there occurs an aching, 
pricking pain. 

In the eyes a burning and itching, which compels 
scratching and rubbing. 

Itching pricking in the eyes, compelling scratching (aft. 24 h.). 

130. Itching in the eves. 

Itching of the eyeball in the outer canthus in the evening 5 in the 
morning the eyelids are as if gummed up with matter (aft. 8 h.). 

The inner canthus is as if glued up with matter in the morning.f 

The eyelids are gummed up in the morning. 

Itching (eroding) and burning in the eyelids in the evening. 
135. In the innercanthus asmarting pain, as if it were excoriated (aft. 

In the cold open air the eyes water.J 

In the open air there is dimness before the eyes and they weep. 

In wind the eyes become full of water (aft. io h.). 

Blear eyed. 
140. Quivering of the evelids. 

(A pimple on the forehead.) 

A Bmarting itching on the hairy scalp § (aft. 9 h.). 

On the hairy scalp, small swellings, with pain like ulceration. 
On the hairy scalp, in the occipital region, a large pimple or 
pustule filled with matter, with fine tearing pains. [Hlfg.] 

* Also in the morning after vvaking, and in the aftemoon after the siesta, there 
occurs with pulsatilla not unfrequentiy such a dimness of vision as if something hung 
upon the cornea, whereby vision is impeded, more in one eye, less in the other, which 
seems as if it migbt be wiped away, but does not actually go away until this symptom 
naturally disappears of itself. 

f Comp. 139, 181. 

t '36» 137, 138. This watery state of the eye is an altcmating state with 115, 

^ 141, 143, comp. with 144. 

^ In a case of chronic syphilitic ophthalmia. 

^ In a case of amaurosis, coincident with improvement of vision* 


145. Sweat on the face and hairy scalp. [Hbg.'] 

Quiverìng in the muscles and chceks. 

Warmth and feeling of warmth in the face. [tìbgJ] 

Shudderìng on one side of the face.*^ 

Pallor of the face. 
150. A tension in the fetce and in the fìngers (especially on taking 

hold of something) as if the parts wonld BweU. 

Painful sensitiveness, like excoriation of the skin of the h'ps and 
bicty when touched. 

Rush of blood to the auditory apparatus (aft 8 h.). 

Murmur in the car synchronous with the pulse.f 

Frcquent humming in the ear. 
155. Noise in the ear as from wind,or from the rushing of water, after 
4 p. m. (aft. IO h.). 

Roaring in the ears (aft. 7, 8 h.), which lasted two days and went 
off bv a sudden shock which went like an electrìc shock from the 
head to over the chest, with sensation before the eyes as when a soap 
bubbie bursts. [ J/tA.] 

Sensation in the ear, as if it were stopped up, and a roaring in it, 
as ft-om a loud distant noise (aft. 21 h.). [RÀt."] 

A trcmbling vibrating ringing in the ears, as when an iron bar is 
struck (aft. 3 h.). 

Ringing in the ears (from the 4th to the 8th h.). 
l6c. A fine ringing in the rìght ear, then in the left with an a^eeable 
tickling sensation in the region of the membrana tympani. [//i^^O 

Chirping in the ear as of grasshoppers, in the morning in bed (aft. 
50 h.). 

Hardness of hearing, as if the ears were stopped up J (aft. 3 h.). 

Hardness of hearing, as if the ears were stopped up, with trembling 
and perspiration on the back — recurringon alternate hours (aft. 3 h.). 

liching deep in the ear (aft. 24 h.). 
165. In the rìght ear much itching, in the afternoon and evening (aft. 
30 h.). 

Itching pricking in the interior of the ear (aft. 6 h.). 

Single tearing twitching through the ears (aft. 12 h.). 

Twitching in the ears. 

Twitching in the aurìcle, then beat only of that ear. 
170. Violent pain in the ear, as if something would force itself cut 

Heat, redness and swelling of the aurìcle (aft. some h.). 

On the aurìcle heat and perspiration. 

When blowing the nose the air penetrates from within into the 
ear, as if it would be distended thereby ; at the same time stitches that 
dart thence to the eye. 

Pus flows out of the left ear (aft. 12 h). 

• The occurrence of symptoms on only one half of the body is a fraquent pecu- 
liarity of puisatilla, Comp. 906, 921, 1073, >0747 >o77> >09*> "099f "oo- ^hus, 
belladonna and cocculus show something simìlar. 

t *53> >54f «55» comp. with 82. 

X 162, 163, comp. 157. 


17;. A small painful gland rìses between the tragus and the maxil- 
lary joint. 

A large, red lump in the region of the zygoma. 

A red hard elevation on the right cheek in front of the ear, with 
burning contractive pain (aft. 5 d.). 

On the tragus there occurs a scabby eruption with burning 
smarting pain, which exudes a watery fluid, and a glandular swelling 
further down on the neck, which is painful when touched. 

A creaking in the ear on moving the head or the body (aft. 4, 
16 h.). 
180. In the parotid gland a shooting pain. 

In the root of the nose, near the canthus of the eye, an abscess, as 
if a lachrymal fìstula would form there.^ 

(On stooping forwards pain in the root of the nose as from an 

Aching sensation in the root of the nose. [5//*.] 

In the left nostri! sensation as from an ulcer (aft. 8 h.) . 

185. The ala nasi is nlcerated extemally and exudes a 
watery fluid (aft. 6 h.). 

Twitching pain in the nose. 
In the morning smeli in the nose like old coryza.f 
Bad smeli before the nose, as from old coryza. [Hifg*] 
Illusion of smeli ; he always felt as if he smelt a mixture of 
tobacco and coffee, even in the open air. 

190. Epistaads. 

Flow of blood from the nose (aft. ih.). 

Flow of blood from the nose with stuffed ooryza. 

In the morning blowing of blood from the nose (aft. 48 h.). 

On the outer border of the lips the epidermis peels off down to 
the living flesh. 
195. The epidermis of the lips becomes chapped (aft. 2 h.). 

Quivering in the lower lip for two days. 

Lower lip swollen, chapped in the middle, with tensive pain. 

Itching in the region of the chin, especially in the evening. 

In the lower jaw (drawing) tearing pains.| 
200. A contractive pain, as from an acid, in the jaws, with shivering 
and cold sweat on the face. 

(Shooting, throbbing toothache, in the afternoon about 4 or 5 
o'clock), which is aggravated by cold water. 

Toothache renewed every time he eats. 

Toothache, which commenced about 2 a.m., did not allow him 
to lay the head on a cold part of the bed ; a shooting digging first 
in the teeth of the lower jaw then in those of the upper jaw, from 

• Comp. 131, 135. 

ÌCorop. 188, 589. 
The so-called tearing pains of pulsatilla are moslly a transìent drawing teiMiion, 
which always rhanges into a twitching likc tearing— -somewhat as if a nervc wcrc 
paìnfiilly drawn out and stretchcd, and then let loose with a sudden, painful jerk. 
Hence the expressìons, "single tearing twitching," 167, "drawing twitching," 
208, &c. 

VOL. II. 23 


the root of one tooth into another, which recurred at noon when 

Prìcking toothache, which was relieved by vìnegar. 
205. Prìcking enawing toothache in the gums, especiaUy towards 
evening, which was aggravateci by the warmth of the bed, but was 
alleviateci by throwing ofF the bed clothes and the blowing in of the 
cold open air, and was removed by the evening sleep^ (aft 6 h.). 

Shoodng pain in the fiirthest back molar, which was aggravateci 
when he opened his mouth, front 2 to 6 p.m. 

Toothache immediately on taking something very warm into the 

Drawing twitching toothache, aggravated by drìnking cold fluid. 

Twitching in the niolars, with a small swelling of the gums. 
210. (Twitching toothache, especially in the morning, which was 
relieved by cola water when it became warm in the mouth, was not 
increased by chewing, but was excited by picking the teeth.) 

In the evening (6 o'clcxJc) (after heat in the head with thirst) 
twitching pains in the teeth until 1 1 p.m. ; thereafter sweat. 

Tearing toothache.f 

Pain in the teeth, as if they were pushed outwards.} 

A t(x>th is painful when chewing and biting.§ 
215. The pains in the teeth are increased in the wind.|| 

Lcx)seness of the teeth in the morning. 

The gums are painftil as ìf exeoriated. 

In the gums a beating synchronous with the pulse i aggravated 
by the heat of the stove. [liàg.'] 

The gums are painful on their inner aspect, as if they were 
eroded (aft. 8 h.). 
220. On the back gums feeling of swelling, though there was none ; 
he had then a burning sensation when he took anything into his 
mouth, focxl or drink, cold or warm. 

The tongue feels to him to be broader. 

The tongue is covered with viscid mucus, as with a 

skin (fur).fl 

Along with white tongue nasty taste in the mouth, in the 

On the tongue at first tearing, then persistent heat in it.* 
[Stoerck, 1. e] 
225. On the side of the tongue's tip a painful blister (aft. 6 d.). 

• Scc note to 113. 

Comp. 199. 

Comp. 713. 

Alternating action with aio. 

The increase or excitation of the symptoms by cool, especially open air, is a 
rarer alternating action which renews the s3rmptoms in the warmth^ especially in the 
warm air of the room, e,g, 573, 

^ Comp. 149. 
•* Comp. 247, 248, 251, 258, 


» From extract placed on the tongue.—Litcrally— " At first a slight stnsc oÌ 
astringency, then painful pungency, and subsequently heat lasting for a long time." 


On the middle ef the teng^e, even when it ìb 
moistened^ a sensation as if it were bumt and iiiBen- 
sible, at night and in the moming^ (aft. 6 h.). 

Dysphagia, as from paralysis of the cesophageal muscles. [Hbg.] 

Sore throat ; stitches at the back of the throat when net swallow- 
ing, none when swallowing. 

Shooting sore throat. 
230. Sore throat : cutting pain in the throat (aft. & h.). 

Sore throat : pain on the side of the palate when it is touched and 
when speaking, as if there were a blister or a painful pimple there, 
with dilatation of the pupils, in the morning. 

Painless sensation, as if the palate were covered with viscid mucus 
or were swollen. 

Sore throat : sensation on swallowing as if the throat at the back 
were narrowed and swollen up. 

Aching and tension in the throat on swallowing. 
235, Sore throat : pain when swallowing, as if the uvula were swollen. 

Sore throat : sensation as if something were swollen in the 
cesophagus, at one time up above at another down low (aft. 6 h.). 

Sore throat ; pain on swallowing, as if the submaxillary glands 
projected ìnto the throat, and were as if excoriated and raw (aft. 

Sore throat : the palate smarts as if it were raW, on swallowing. 

The throat is painM posteriori/, as if it were raw, at 

the same time a drawing pain in the cervical muscles. 
240. Sore throat : rawness and sore sensation in the throat when not 
swallowing, and as if it were too dry, in the morningf (aft. 2 h.)- 

Scnre throat: in the throat as if scrapy, scratchv, and raw, as if 
after severe vomiting ; he feels nothing when swallowing ; at the 
same time dry in the throat. 

Raw, scrapy, and SOratohy in the throat, with drjrnOSB in 
the mouth. 

Sore throat : when swallowing feeling of a swelling in the throat 
and roughness in the windpipe. 

Dryness of the throat after midnieht. 

245. In the morning dryness of we throat (aft. 6, 20 h.). 

Intolerable feeling of dryness in the throat extending to the tip 
of the tongue (without visible dryness) with thirst ; he can drink but 
b'ttle, because it is repugnant to him internally, like sickness. 

In the morning the mouth and throat are dry and covered by a 
tasteless insipid mucus, with a bad smeli from the mouth, which, 
however, he is not himself conscious of (aft. 12 h.). 

In the morning dryness of the tongue. 

When he wakes from sleep in the morning he feels a dryness of 
the palate, tongue, and lips, which afterwards changes into very viscid 

• Comp. 148. 

ÌAltemating actlon> 135, 2381 
Comp. 222. 


250. Slimy taste in the mouth aiid inclination to vomit, in the 

(In the morning a slimy, saltish, bitter taste in the mouth, not 
without appetite.) 

The interior of the throat is covered with a viscid mucus in the 

The inside of the mouth is covered with fcetid mucus, in the 
morning on waking from sleep. 

He nas a bad smeli from the mouth in the morning.f 
255. He has a fcetid smeli from the mouth in the morning. 

At night there is a fcetid smeli from the mouth. 

In the evening after lying down he has a smeli from his nA>uth 
(aft. q6 h.). 

A fcetid herbaceous taste at the back of the throat. 

He has in his mouth a taste as of putrid flesh, with 
inclination to vomit (aft. 2 h.). 

260. After dinner eructation with the taste of putrid flesh, and this 
same taste remains afterwards in the mouth, with inclination to 
vomitf (aft. 14 h.). 

On hawking there occurs, especially in the morning, a taste in 
the mouth like putrid flesh. 

Sometimes mattery taste in the mouth, especially in the morning. 

Loathsome, hsting taste in the mouth, as when one rìses too 
soon (aft. 12 h.). 

A bumt (empyreumatic) taste in the mouth. 

265. An earthy taste in the mouth with inclination to vomit (also aft. 
I h.). 

A fiat taste in the mouth, as if he had eaten earthy things (aft. 
IO h.). 

Constant sweetish taste of the saliva in the mouth. 

Disgusting sweetish taste of beer (aft. 2 h.) . 

Bitter beer has to him a disgusting sweetish taste- 

270. Disgusting taste from smoking to bacco. 

Tobacco smoking has no taste, is completely tasteless^ but yet it 
produces no repugnance, towards evening (aft. 20, 50 h.). 

Bitter taste in the mouth, at 6 p.m.§ 

Bitter taste in the mouth in the morning (aft. 24 h.), which goes 
off after eating. 

After eating and smoking tobacco there occurs a bitter, bilious 
taste in the mouth. [_Hòg,'] 
275. Constant bitter, bilious taste in the mouth, especially after a meal. 

After rumbling and working in the bowels and pinching in the 
abdomen there was a rising up in the throat. 

* Comp. Ili, 147. 
t Comp. 146. 

?Comp. 321, &c. 
Rarely (and then only in the evening or morning) there occurs from fuisatilla 
a persistent bitter taste in the mouth ; the alternating actions, however, when there is 
no bitter taste in the mouth per se, but when it eithcr comes on when drìnkìng, and 
when eating and chewing, espccialhr black bfead, or when the bitter taste onJj- 
appears after swallowing drinks and food, are far the most frequent from this plant. 


Bitter taste with longing for lemon juice. 
Bitter taste of ali food, followed by chilliness with cold sweat. 
Bitter taste even of the food. [St/.] 
280. In the morning, on an empty stomach, bitter taste in the mouth, 
which persists while smoking tobacco. [RÀt.'] 

After drinking beer, in the evening, a bitter taste 
remaixiB in the mouth (aft. 8 h.). 

In the morning dislike to milk, though it tasted ali right. 

MOk taken in the morning has no taste. 

Ali the food she takes tastes too salt (black bread excepted), and 
after eating it there always rises a scraping salt taste up in the throat 
fbr several hours (aft. 4, 28 h.). 
285. After drinking coffee, especially in the morning, a bitter taste 
remains in the mouth. 

Winc tastes bitter to him (aft. 8 h.). 

Dislike to butter, it tastes bitter to him. 

Bitter taste of bread, roll and meat. 

He has a loathing only at black bread, it tastes bitter, not so 
other food. 
290. Bread sometimes tastes bitter ; he loathes bread. 

Bread tastes bitter when he chews it, but as soon as it is 
swallowed the bitter taste is gone. 

A quarter of an hour after eating with good appetite the mouth 
is bitter. 

A somewhat bitter taste in the mouth, especially in the morning, 
and some rime after eating and drinking, but the taste of the food is 
ali right. 

Bitterness after vomiting.*^ 
295. Erucution (belching) of a bitter fluid up into the mouth. 

Loud eructarion. [Fr. H — «.] 

Bitter eructation at night. 

Bilioos emctation in the evening (aft. 2 h.). 

In the morning beer tastes bitter, and afterwards there jemains a 
sour taste in the mouthf (aft. 12 h.). 
300. Bread tastes sour to her and is too dry. 

After eating, a sourish taste in the mouth (aft. 3 h.). 
After drinking coffee a sour fluid is eructated (belched) up into 
the mouth. 

In the morning sour eructation. 
Anorexia with pure, proper taste. 
305. Dislike to meat and stale baked bread, 

Dìminished taste of ali food (aft. 4, 8, 16 h.). 

Meat has no taste to him. 

Fresh meat tastes putrid to him. 

Though he has some appetite, bread, butter and beer bave little 
or no taste (plum jam only tastes perfectly good to him) (aft. 
12 h.). 

• Comp. 35i. 

t The bittemcM and souraess in ihc taste or on eructation is altcmating action, 
iDd yet both are primaiy actions. 


310. (He will not eat anything warm, and desires only butter, brcad 
and firuit.) 

Want of appetite on account of tastelessness of the food and 
fulness of the stomach. 


In the evening increased appetite (aft. 5 h.). 

In the middle of her meal, at noon, she is overcome by sleep and 
must take a nap. 
315. In the morning when rìsing from bed a kind of clawing in the 
stomach, as if he had been hungry for a long time ; this goes oiF 
after eating (aft. 12 h.). 

A gnawine sensation in the stomach like bulimy (aft. 8 h.). 

Ravenoush unger (immediately, but soon going off). 

He has longing for food, but knows not for what. He also 
relishes nothing that he eats.* 

Is hungry, but no desire for any article of food in particular. 
320. Appetite he knows not for what. [Stf.'] 

Sensation as if the stomach were deranged.f 

Symptoms of very much deranged stomach. 

After a slight overloading of the stomach at breakfiut, tension in 
the feet (aft. 48 h.). 

Frequent eructation with the tasto of what hàd been 
previously eaten4 

325. After eating, persistent eructation with the taste of what had 
been eaten. [^>f^] 

After eating cake eructation like old, rancid tallow. 

Sensation in the stomach as from eating too much ; the food 
Comes up again into the mouth, as if it would be vomited. 

Tendency to imperfect eructation ; eructation that fails to come 
to completion. 

After eating eructation with the taste of the food, and then 
inclination to vomit (aft. 4 h.). 
330. Nausea rises up into the mouth. 

Sick nausea rises up into the throat. 

In the morning nausea and sliminess of the mouth, which soon 
changes into a sour taste in the mouth (aft. 13 h.). 

A feeling comes up into the cesophagus, as if a worm were crawl- 
ing up it. 

In the morning, after taking milk, nausea, qualmishness. 
335. Sick nausea rises up in the cesophagus with a very disagreeable 

Inclination to vomit solid food, bread, meat. 

Intolerable nausea, without vomiting (aft. ih.). 

Inclination to vomit with chilliness. 

Nausea only in the throat, but not when swallowing. 

* Comp. 310. 

f Comp. 81, 259, 260, 261. 

X The, eructation with the taste and smeli of what had previously been eaten (lec 
also 325) is a much more frequent alternating action of futsatiUa than empty eructii* 
tion of nothing but air. 


340. Nausea, when about to take food. 

She felt nausea when eating, so that food is repugnant to her. 

Nausea from smoking tobacco in persons accustomed to smoke. 

Dislike to tobacco-smoking, as though he had smoked to satiety 
(aft. 5 h.). 

Extreme Ioathing to tobacco-smoking. 
345. During slumber (or during s)eep) there occurs nausea, though 
appetite is present, even for black bread * (aft. 20 h.). 

Nausea which seemed to arise from beat of the body. 

Loathing and nausea as if from drinking oil. 

Inch'nation to vomit. [Stoerck, 1. e] 

After exercise in the open air, towards evening, nausea and 
vomiting of somethins salt or sour (aft. 3^ h.), 

350. Sensation of sickness in the epigastrio region, espe- 
oially after eating and drinking (aft. i h.). 

Inelination to vomit with grumbling and nunbling 
in the BubooBtal region. 

Vomiting of food that had been eaten a long time previously. 

In the evening vomiting of food ; followed by bitterness in the 
mouth with teeth on edge. 

Nocturnal vomiting with shooting drawing pain in the back 
towards the scapula^f 
355. In the evening, after a meal and on lying down in bed, violent, 
straining vomiting of a green slimy watery matter^ which smells sour, 
and bums like nre in the cesophagus ; this vomiting occurred on 
threc successive evenings. IStf,'] 

(Vomiting before midnight of a small quantity, almost entirely 
without nausea.) 

Short bilious vomiting. 

After the vomiting burning in the cesophagus. 

After the vomitine loss of 
360. She belches from below upwards a watery fluid up into the mouth 
(without nausea or vomiting), which she must spit out (aft. 3 h.) ; 
immediately before this a sensation in the scrobiculus cordis as if 
something were torn away, and in the same place an aching during 
the eructation. 

Accumulation of saliva in the mouth as after drinking vinegar. 

Salivation.i [Stoerck, 1. e] 

During a flow of saliva that lasted four and twenty hours, ineli- 
nation to vomit. 
365. Frequent flow of watery saliva from the mouth.§ 

• Comp. 576. 

f Comp. 345, 571. Allled irrìtations, also at night, see 453, 464, and other 
nocturnal syroptoms, 614 — 616, 633, 683, 751, 765, 780, 355. 
t Alternating action in opposition to 345. 
§ 365, 366, 360 are allicd symptoms to 571. 

^ Stoerck adds, *^ tenacious.*' 


Flow of watery saliva, like water-brash. 

Jerks from the stomach up to the throat, and in the throat tensivc 
pain, with anxiety and feeling of internai heat, which goes off after 
eating (aft. 6 h.). 

Hiccup when smoking tobacco. 

(Hiccup at night in sleep.) 
370. After drinking tendencv to hiccup. 

In^ the momingy in the scrobicnlns cordis aching 

drawing pain, which sometimes goes into the side of the chest 
like a shoocing, and at last into the back like a tearing (aft. 24 h.). 

A tension in the region of the stomach and scrobiculits cordis up 
into the mammae. 

Grasping pain in the scrobiculus cordis. [St/.'] 

An arterial pulsation is felt in the scrobiculus cordis.*^ 
375. On laying the hand on the stomach a throbbing is felt in it. 

Pain in the scrobiculus cordis on inspiration. 

First aching then twitching pain in the scrobiculus cordis. 

In the morning violent aching in the scrobiculus cordis combined 
with inclination to vomit. 

Aching, squeezing or choking pain in the scrobiculus cordis, which 
impedes respiration, in the afternoon. 
380. Several attacksof contracti ve or choking pain in thecesophagus, just 
as if a large lump of new-baked breadhad been swallowed (aft. io h.). 

Very disagreeable sensation of tight tension in the abdomen, as if 
ali were too full, hard and impassable, and as if no stool or flatus 
could be expelled, though a stool does pass, slowly but not hard, and yet 
the flatus is passed with difficulty and in small quantities at a time. 

Twitching and shooting in the subcostai region, as if there were 
an ulcer there^ back into the sacrum. 

Contractive and squeezing sensation in the epigastric and sub- 
costai (hypochondrial) region, as if the flatus stuck there (especially 
after eating) which then goes into the chest and stops and impedes 
respiration (aft. 16 h.). 

Drawing tensive pain in the hypochondria. 
385. A tension in the region of the stomach, in the forenoon, which 
went off by moving (aft. 26 h.). 

Stitches in the scrobiculus cordis f on making a false step on an 
uneven pavement, &c. 

Sensation of anxiety about the gastric region. 

Pain in the stomach an hour after eating. 

A weight in the stomach like a stone, in the morning in bed, on 
390. After supper immediately aching in the stomach and flatulent 
colie, followed by nausea (aft. 24 h.). 

In the upper part of the abdomen pinching, shooting pains with 
flatulent colie, in the morning (aft. 24 h.). 

Pinching pains in the epigastrium. 

* Comp. 47 — 50, 926. 
t Comp. 391, 725. 
J Comp. 377, 378. 


Pains in the abdomen omly when walking. 

When sitting, obtuse pain and sensation of tense distension in the 
upper part of the abdomen. 
395- The abdominal integuments feel swollen, with tensive pain, and 
at the same time no flatus passes. 

Hard distension of the abdomen, with stretching pain therein, 
and a feeling as if the abdomen would burst (with swelling of the 
dorsum of the feet). 

Loud rumbling in the abdomen, waking and sleeping. [Fr, 
H — «.] 

Tearing pain^ in the abdomen. [Stoerck, 1. e] 

Shooting ^ pains in the abdomen. [Stoerck, 1. e] 
400. Rumbling and grumbling in the abdomen. [^HbgJ\ 

Early in the mornine, immediately after waking in bed^ flatulent 
colie ; flatulence rumbles and moves about painfully^ especially in 
the upper part of the abdomen. 

A persistent obtuse stitch in the side of the abdomen, as from 
displaced flatulence. 

Immediately after supper flatulent colie ; flatulence 
rumbles about painfully, especially in the upper part of 
the abdomen.* 

Cutting pains in the abdomen above the navel, as if diarrhoea 
would come onf (aft. i h.). 
405. A firm prominent ring round the navel, which is painful when 
walking (aft. 24 h.). 

A formicating itching in and above the navel ; painful after 

Flatulence moves about like colie in the abdomen, in the evening 
after lying down in bed. 

Flatulence passes with loud rumbling from one part of the bowels 
to another with a jerking and even a pinching sensation, especially 
in the evening in bed. 

Grumbling and rumbling in the abdomen as from flatulence. 
410. Loud rumbling in the abdomen, with frequent purging and 
griping and pinching in the abdomen. 

In the evening bellyache or rattling in the abdomen. 

After eating ftilness and occasionai bellyache with rumbling. 

Sensation of a flatulent colicky fulness in the abdomen after supper 
(aft. 2 h.). 

Sensation of emptiness in the abdomen just as if the abdomen 
were eviscerated (emptied of its intestines). 
415. She feels as if empty, and there is pinching and bubbling in the 
abdomen, as ftom something fermenting. 

Bellyache after drinking (aft. 3 h.). 

* Comp. 390, 413. 

f Comp. 71S, and partly also 723, also 419, 424, and 466. 

> Literally, " Tonnina." 

• Litendly, "Somcwhat sharp." Both thesc pains and thosc of S. 398 wcre 
itlìered when a loote stool occurred. 


Bellyache after drinking, in the evening (aft. 6 h.). 

Flatulent distension after ali food. 

Cutting pains in the abdomen as from flatulence, before eating in 
the evening"**' (aft. 36 h.). 
420. Cutting pains in the abdomen by day and particularly in the 
evening, every other day (aft. 4, 5, 6 d.). 

Bellyache : cutting deep down in the abdomen, relieved by stooping 
forwards, as if about to vomit, towards 5 o'clock after the aftemoon's 
meal, for three successive days about the same time ; in the evening 
about 9 o'clock it virent off virhen he lay curled up and he fcll asleep 
(aft. 24 h.). 

Cutting in her abdomen, after moving. 

The flatus is discharged witn cutting pains in the 
abdomen, in the momin^ (aft. 8, 20 h.). 

Very fcetid flatus after eatmg. 
425. Pain in the hypogastrium more pinchingthan cutting, with soft 

Pinching pain in the belly, which involves the whole abdomen in 
a uniform manner (aft ^ h.). 

Griping pain in the abdomen on the left side ; she must bind up 
the belly tightly.f 

(In the morning pinching in the abdomen, with chilliness and 

Pinching in the abdomen (aft. 4 h.) and sharp stitches which 
darted from the abdomen into the penis, frequent, thin stools, with 
great thirst for brown beer. 

430. Bellyache as if diarrhcBa must ensue, and yet there 
only occurs a good naturai stool (aft. 48, 72 h.). 

Aching pressing pain in the abdomen:t i^f^- 'i 42 h.). 

Nocturnaf colie : after midnight a pressure bere and there in the 
abdomen as from displaced flatulence, with hot feeling ali over the 
body, without thirst ; a discharge of flatus gave no relief. 

Bellyache after the stool. 

Drawing in the back during the stool, otherwise scarcely at ali. 
435. After the stool colicky pain in the abdomen as from flatulence 
(aft. 5 h.), 

After the stool aching in the rectum. 

When yawning pain as if bruised in the integuments of the hypo- 
gastrium (aft. 2 h.). 

Chilliness over the abdomen (also round about to the lower part 
of the back). 

A pain in the abdominal muscles when sitting and when coughing 
(aft. 3 d.). 
440. Painful tenderness of the abdomen which is excited by touching 
it (aft. several h.). 

After purging, with violent thirst, painful tenderness of the abdo- 

* 419 — 423, comp. with 404, 466, 722, and partly with 713. 

t Comp. 410, 373. 

X Comp. 378, 379v3«9- 


minai integuments ; the abdomen could not be touched without 
causing pain. 

Obstinate constipation. 

Daily, but hard stool (with pain in the haemorrhoidal lumps). 

Difficult evacuation of the stool with painful pressing and pain in 
the back.* 
445. In the morning difEcult stool, then two soft stools during the day. 

He has frequent cali to stool with greyish pale complexion (bad 
appearance) aUd faintness. 

Frequent urging to go to stool (frequent cali to stool) 

ai if diarrhcea would occur occasionally. 

Without tenesmus, either in the rectum or anus, he has Constant 
cali to stool (in remote parts of the bowels) without getting rid of 
sufEcient stool. 

Frequent soft stool mingled with mucus (also aft. 2 h.). 
450. Frequent evacuation of mucus only (also aft. 48 h.) with 

bellyache before every stool. 

Stools consistine of nothing but yellowish-white 
mucusy mingled witn a little blood (aft. 12 h.). 

Fsecal evacuations coloured with blood, in the morning (aft. 72 


Diarrhcea as green as bile once or twice at night ; before each 
stool a working about in the bowelsf (aft. 4 d.). 

Diarrhcea of green mucus (aft. 2 d.). 
455. Diarrhcea first green^ then slimv. 

A not debili tating diarrhcea. [otoerck, 1. c] 

Diarrhcea without bellyache. [Hhg,] 

For five successive mornings, every time immediately after rising, 
a slimy diarrhoeic stool. [/r. H — «.] 

For five successive nights (in sleep) diarrhoeic stool passed with- 
out being aware of it ; also by day three to four diarrhoeic stools. 
[Fr. H—n.] 
460. After the stool a slight chili, especially in the lower part of the 
back (sacrum) (andanaching in the region of the scrobiculus cordis). 

(For four days) quite white Stool (aft. 3 d., also aft 8, 24 h.). 

Stool like chopped-up eggs, with cutting before and after the stool, 
especially in the morning. 

(In the morning, diarrhcea.) 

At night watery diarrhcea. 
465. (The faeces passed are thin in form and as if passed fiat.) 

Diarrhcea with cutting in the abdomen. j: 

In the morning soft, acrid, smarting stool.§ 

Acrid evacuations by stool. 

Blind piles with itching in the evening (aft. io h.). 

* This and the six foUowing symptoms (comp. 568) are the most characterìstic 
and commonest forms of the fsecal evacuations from puUatiUa, 

t Comp. 464. These kinds of nocturnal diarrhcea are characteristìc oi pulsatilla^ 
and are hardly met with in such a marked manner in any other medicine. 

X Comp. 404 

^ Comp. 50S. 


470. Blind piles with itching at the anus. 

(Fluent piles) discharge of blood by the anus (aft. 8 d.). 
Severe haemorrhage from the anus (aft. 7 d.). [/r. H — ».] 
Severe haemorrhage from the anus during stool. [Mch,] 
Haemorrhoidal flux for three days.^ [Stoercic, I. e] 
475. A persistent obtuse stitch in the rectum as from displaced flatus 
(aft. I h.). 

Haemorrhoidal lumps, with single itching prìcks in the anus. 
During stool a burning in the rectum. 

Blind piles in the evening until about 9 o'clock, with sore pain 
at the anus, when at rest and when moving, but which is somewhat 
greater when moving (aft. 24 h.). 

Sore pain of the anus, immediately after the evacuation of stool 

(aft. 4>5)d-)- 
480. Blind piles, with sore pain (aft. t h.). 

Sore (excoriation) pains in the anus and the haemorrhoidal lumps 
(aft. 3h.). 

Painful, protruded blind piles. 

(When standing an aching tearing down into the anus.) 

After sacrai pains, in the morning, blind piles. 
485. Excoriation and sore pain on the nates, externally^ where the sulcus 
begins (aft. i h.). 

In the groins several small pocks the size of a pea containing pus 
and with burning shooting pains. [Hbg,] 

The vesical region is painful when touched externally. 

Pain pressing like a stone and constrictive in the hypogastrium 
down into the bladder. 

Frequent cali te urinate. 

490. At night he wets the bed involuntarily. 

Involuntary micturition : the tirine dribbles away when 
sitting and walking. 

A persistente obtuse stitch in the neck of the bladder, as from 
displaced flatulence (aft. i h.). 

A sharp (almost cutting) pressure on the neck of the bladder when 
walking in the open air, as from flatulence, but without cali to 

Persistent pressure on the bladder, without cali to urinate^ in the 
evening and night. 
495. A pressure on the bladder as from displaced flatulence, towards 

Strangury, tenesmus of the bladder. 

rStrangury.) [Hbg.] 

Frequent almost ineflFectual urging to urinate, with (acrid urine) 
cutting pain when urinating. 

Pressing before passing urine. 
500. A pressing and urging to urinate. 

The urging to pass urine is only felt when he lies on bis back, 
and he must soon urinate ; but not when he lies on his side. 

> With rclicf of a chronic sacrai pain, and therefore probably a curative cffcct. 


G>pious flow of urine.* 

IncFcased urìnaiy discharge. [Stoercic, 1. e] 

Diuresis. [Heyer, 1. e] 
505. Almost continuai diuresis. [Stoerck, 1. e] 

When he coughs or discharges flatus some urine passes involun- 
urily (aft. 48 h.). 

Colourless urine as clear as water (aft. i^ h.). 

Whilst passing watery urine and with feeling of weakness in the 
loins, acrìd-f slimy stools. 

The urine is occasionally red. 
510. Brownish-red urine. 

Dark red urine, without sediment. 

Brown urine. 

Urine with a ring of violet foam over a sandy sediment. 

(Gelatinous urinary sediment.) 
515. Urine with violet red sediment. 

Urine with red sediment. 

Urine with brick-coloured sediment. 

Severe stitches which darted from the abdomen into the penis. 

After passing a brown urine, burning in the anterior part of the 
520. Troublesome scalding of the urine.^ [Stoerck., 1. e] 

In the evening before lying down, a burning at the neck of the 
bladder, as if it urged him to urinate. 

Burning in the oriflce of the urethra during and after passing urine, 
which deposits a brick-coloured sediment, 

Narrowing of the urethra, thin stream of the urine as it passes 
(aft. I h.). 

Drawing pain in the urethra when not urinating. 
525. After urinating a sharp pressive pain as if with the nail of the 
finger, in the urethra. [Hòg.'\ 

After urinating an aching creeping pain in the orifice of the 

After urinating, aching and creeping in the glans penis. 

Constrictive pain behind the glans penis. [/c^/.] 

(Swelling of inguinal glands and bubo, on the disappearancc of a 
venerea! chancre.) 
530. Fine pricking itching in the prepuce when sitting and lying, bui 
not when walking (in the evening). 

Pricking itching sensation under the prepuce (aft. ^ h.). 

Itching smarting pain in the inner and upper part of 
the prepuce (aft. 6 h.). 

SEmarting itching under the prepuce on the glans. 

* Rather secondary or curative action, after removal of a prevlous strangury, 
4S9, 496, and 500. — With these strangury symptoms 490, 491, seem to be alter- 
nating primary actions. 

+ Comp. 467. 

J Comp. 553, 520. 

> In a case of chronic gonorrhoea. 


(A fine prìcking about the genitals.) 
535. In the morning in and out of bed, itching of the scrotum. 

On the scrotum frequent itching, especially in the morning and 

Scrotum swoUen on the right side. 

Swelling of the testicles (aft. 48 h.). 

Very pendant testicles (aft. i h.). 
540. Tearing pain in the testicles (aft. 24 h.). 

The right testicle is drawn up and swoUen, the spermatic cord 
swollen with tensive pain, whereas the left testicle hangs down 
low (aft. li h.). 

Drawing and drawing tensive pains come from the upper part of 
the abdomen through the spermatic cord into the testicles, which bang 
down low (aft. 6 h,). 

In the morning after waking prolonged stìffiiees of 

penis, not without sexual desire (aft. 6 h.) 

In the morning, on awaking, ezcitement of the geni- 
tals and desire for coitus (aft. 24 h.). 
545* Noctumal seminai emission. 

At night during sleep, pollutions. [iJ>è^] 

Two pollutions in one night unaccompained by amorous 
dreams, and the following day an intolerable weight and lassitude in 
the limbs* (aft. 12 h.). 

In the morning in bed an itching irritation in the region of the 
seminai vesicles, which disposes greatly to the ejaculation of semen, 
almost without stifFness of the penis and without amorous thoughts 
(aft. 12, 36 h.). 

Erection of the penis by day and by night. 
550. (Frequent stifFness of tne penis with discharge of prostatic fluidf) 
(aft. 36 h.). 

Agreeable ticlcling on the glans, then discharge of a colourless 
mucus lilce prostatic fluid. \_Hòg.] 

Discharge of an ill-smelling fluid from the urethra (gonorrhcea?).^ 
[Stoerck, 1. e] 

Gonorrhcea of the colour and consistence of semen, with burning 
pain, especially immediately after urinating.J 

During the (already present) gonorrhcea, dropping of blood from 
the urethra (aft 4 h.). 
555. In the vagina and externally on the labia pudendi a burning 
(shooting ?) pain. [Hòg.] 

Cutting pain at the mouth of the womb (aft. 6 h.). 

Drawing pressing pain towards the uterus, with inclination to 
vomit towards morning. 

Drawing tensive pain in the abdomen^ like labour pains (aft. 4, 

• Altemating action with 1007. 

t Comp. 551. 

t Comp. 519, 520. 

* In the case of chronic gonorrhcea inentioned in note lo S. 520. 


Contractive pains on the left side of the womb, like labour pains, 
which compel her to bend forwards. 
560. Leucorrhoea with burning pain.* 
Acrid thin leucorrhoea. 
Milky, painless leucorrhoea. 
Milky leucorrhoea^ with swelling of the pudendum. 
Painless leucorrhoea of thickish mucus, of the colour of milk, 
observed particularly when lying down. 
565. Painless leucorrhoea like cream. 

Before the occurrence of the catamenia, chilliness, stretching, 

Feeling ofaweight in the abdomen like a stone, when the menses 
were about to occur (aft i h.). 

During the menses a dòwn-pressing pain like a stone in the abdo- 
men and sacrum, during which the lower extremities bave a tendency 
to go to sleep while sitting, with fruitless, ineiFectual callf to evacuate 
by stool. 

(Spasmodic and almost burning pains in the abdomen during the 
570. During the menses : the blood is thickand black and comes only 
in gushes two or three times a day.:( 

(The menses during their flux come away only by day, and but 
little or not at ali by night.) 

During the menses : she had nausea at night and water was 
ejected from her stomach with retching, like water-brash.§ 

During the menses : there is blackness before her eyes, and this 
is worst when she comes into a warm room. || 

Non-appearance of the menses, with coldness of the body, chilli- 
ness, and trembling of the feet.Q 
575. Suppression of the menses.** 

During the suppression of the menses, nausea with inclination to 
vomit,but not actual vomiting, with good appetite.ff 

During the menses pain in the stomach (precordial pressure, 

During the menses pain in the side for a couple of days. j:]: 
During the menses stitch in the chest on drawing a breath. 
580. Before the occurrence of the menses and during them a stitch 
in the side excited by moving the arm, by drawing the breath, and 
talking loudly, during which the arm is as if paralysed. 

* 560, 561, altemating action with 564, 565. 
f Comp. 444. 

X Difficult, retarded, and even suppresscd discharge of the menstnial flux scems to 
be the chìef prìmary action of pulsatilla, whereas it<i too carly appearance (581) 
scems to be a rarer altemating action. 

Comp. 345, 354, 356, and 360, 365, 366. 
Comp. 44. 

Comp. 815, 935, 936. 

In several elderly persons, especially when the menses usualiy occurred at full 
tt Comp. 345. 
XX Which went off by pcrspiration. 




The menses come on seven days too soon.* 
The menses that had been delayed beyond the usuai time, carne 
on (aft. ij h.). 

Increased, copious menses.^ [Stoerck, 1. e] 

StufFed coryza. 
585. Stuffed nose, ulcerated nostrils.f 

StufFed coryza with ulcerated nostrils.J 

Green foetid discharge from the nose. 

Purulent discharge from the right nostrìl.§ ' [Stoerck, 1. e] 

The nasal mucus has a bad smeli as from old coryza. [//i^^.] 
590. In the evening, on goìng to sleep, stoppage of the nose, as fiom 
coryza, and in the morning thick, yellow, opaque mucus is blown 
from the nose as in an old coryza. 

In the nose, tickling as from fine snuiF, followed by severe sneez- 
ing. IHòg.] 

Continuai tickling in the nose. 

Sneezing (aft. 4, 12 h.). ^ 

Sneezing in the evening in sleep. 
595. Sneezing in the morning in bed. 

Coryza for two hours (immediately and aft. 2 h.). 
Coryza with loss of smeli and taste. 

Scrapy sensation in the epiglottis, such as is usuai in hoarseness 
(aft. I h.). 

In the morning, after rising oppression on the chest, with cough 
and expectoration (aft. 24 h.). 
600. Oppression on the chest with cough without expectoration. 

Hoarseness with inability to speak a word aloud. 

Cough (aft. 4 h.). 

A scraping and dryness in the throat which excìtes cough of two 
or three impulses. 

A scratching on the chest (in the trachea) excites the cough. 
605. Cough excited as if by dryness in the chest (trachea). 

In the trachea and from the scrobiculus cordis up to the epi- 
glottis an itching which excites cough. 

When the child coughs it is much shaken, 

When coughing he feels as if the stomach turned over and as if 
he wouid vomit j the cough forces tears from his eyes. 

(Cough immediately, when she has eaten a morsel.) 
610. (Cough excited by a contractive sensation in the larynx, especi- 
ally after eating, with vomitingand epistaxis.) 

During the cough sensation as of sulphur fumes in the throat. 

• Sce note to 570. 
t Comp. 114, 
t Comp. 33. 
§ Comp. 687. 

^ Literally, " Menses much more copious than usuai." 

• In a case of chronic ophthalmia, wncre pus was dischargcd also from the eyt. 


Tickling in the region of the thyroid cartilage causing short 
(hackiii|) cough. 

Inspiration excites movements as if to cough (aft. 2 h.). 
Nocturnal cough, which causes sleeplessness and exhaustion. 
615. Nocturnal cough and dryness in the throat therefrom. 

Noctnmal dry cou^n, which goes off by sitting up in 
bedy but retoms on lying down * (afe. 8, 32 h.). 

After lying down in the evening, continuai cough. 
Dry cough, with difficult expcctoration t (aft. several h.). 
The child hacks much after the cough. 
620. Severe cough with difEcult expectoration of scanty viscid mucus. 
Towards evening a hard cough. 

Ei^ectoratìon of blood. 

Cough with expectoration of black masses of coagulated blood, 
until evening (aft. i h.). 

First, for half a day dry cough, and then for several days mucus 
constantly in the anterior part of the trachea which can be expec- 
torated in quantity by voluntary coughing. 
625. Cough with expectoration (aft. 2 h.). 

Cough vnth expectoration of yellow mucus. 

(During the morning cough expectoration with a salt disgusting 

(Ùlcerated, eroded lungs, hectic fever, hacmoptysis, purulent 
cxpectoration.J) [Hellwing,^ Flora campana^ Lips., 1719, p. 86.] 

Cough with bitter expectoration. 
630. The mucus expectorated by coughing, of a bitter, bilious taste. 

The expectoration from cough tastes bitter to him. 

The mucus expectorated by coughing has a pungent empyreu- 
matic taste, almost like cray-fish soup or the juice from a tobacco 
pipe (aft. several h.). 

Nocturnal cough which causes stitches in the side. 

Pain in the side during the cough and on rising from bed. 
635. From a slight cough, a fatigue pain in the region of the short 
ribs on both sides, such as is wont to occur from a long continued 
shaking cough (aft. 20 h.). 

Cough with pain in the chest. 

Shooting in the shoulder from the cough. 

Whilst coughing a pain darted several times down his right arm. 

* Comp. 655. 

t 618, 610, 611. Thcse and the preccding symptoms of dry cough scem to bc in 
alternatìon with the symptoms of copious expectoration with the cough (615 — 617, 
6i^..63i)y but tht latter seem to be the principal symptoms, so that diseases, which 
in other rcspects are suitable for pulsatilla are removed more readiljr and permanently 
when the cough is attended by copious expectoration than those with dry cough. In 
614 the chief alternating action with copious expectoration occurrcd only after dry 
coughy which is rarer. 

J From syrup made with the purple-coloured flowers which a woman administered 
to a man and two children in fevers, cough, roughness of the larynx, sharp catarrhs, 
and stitches in the side. 

1 Not accessible. 
tOL. II. 214 



Durìng the cough, stiudies in the back. 
640. Opprcssion and pain on the chest.* 

Shortness of brcath immediately after dinner, for several hours. 

Loss of breath on drawing the air through the nose, but net on 
respirine through the mouth (aft. \ h.). 

{jùAaiSy on smoking (the accustomed) tobacco.) 

(Tightncss of the cl^.t) [Bergius,^ Alai. Mti^ p. 519.] 
643. T^tness of the chest and vertigo together with weakness of the 
head, vhcn Ijing horizontaUy on the back, which, however, goes o& 
on sttting upright.^ 

Opprcssion as if in the trachea, as though it were pressed in from 
without and constrìctcd — so that he was completely deprìved ofbreath 
for a minute, in the evening when sitting, without any cough. 

In the evening tightncss of the chest, then slumber, then waking 
with a 6t of sumxration, short or hacking cough, a tearing frontal 
pain through the eyes, formication on the tongue, cold feet, cold 
sweat on the £k:c, and much enictation. 

In the lowcr part of the chest sensadon of tightncss of the diest, 
as if it wcrc too full and contracted there, in the moming.§ 

Spasmodic feeling through the chest. 
650. Persìstent spasmodic tension under the chest, 

\Micn she lies on the left side she complains of anxiety and 
grcat palpitation of the heart, and that she loses ber breath. 

A single spasmodic inspiration and expiration, which changed 
into a short sufiòcative scnsation, as though the breath went away 
and death must ensue. [/A^.] 

A constrìction across the chest. [^i/.] 

On the right side of the chest a spasmodic contractive tension, 
with ebuUition of blood and internai warmth (beat) (aft. 26 h.). 

* Comp. 599. In the catarrhil state, which in ordinary parlance is indicated by 
these symptoms, the intenul glands of the trachea seem to be in a swollen and in* 
flamed state, and incapable ot secreting the requisite moistening mucus. Hence the 
scnsation of dnmess» roughness, painrulness, and the illusory sensation, as if a Tcry 
viicid and adhrrent mucus narnmed the lumen of the trachea and could not be 

f From the allied wood anemone. 

I Comp. 616. The occurrence of symptoms from fMUatiUa durìng the horìzontai 
recumbent posture, when sitting up, when standing up after sitting, when walking and 
when standmg, are so many different aUemating states, which ali bélong to the primaiy 
action, but are of ver}* dinerrnt intrìnsic value. As a mie the sufFerìngs occurring 
when lying quietly on the back from fmlsatiUa are relieved bv sitting up, raiely the 
reverse \ frequently the symptoms caused by fmlséailU when sitting stili are rdiered 
or removed oy graduai movement and walking, rarely the reverse. On the other 
hand, the act of standing up befbre commencing to walk usually ezcites sufferìnes 
more numerous and more severe the longer the sitting posture has been continued j 
and so also prolonged and violent movement excites symptoms no less than prò* 
longed sitting, which, however, generally bccome peireptible only on again 
resting and sitting down. But the altemating actions a medicine most iirequeotly 
di^lays, and which are most severe and most singular, are the most efficadous for 
the homceopathic cure of diseases. 

\ Comp. 379, 383. 

^ Observation* 


655. Twitcbing sensation in the pectoral mi|scles, especially in the 
morning after waking. 

Spasmodic pain over the chest. 

In the inorning after rìsing painful stifFness of the pectoral 
muscles on breathing deeply and on moving the chest (aft, 12 h.). 

Cramp-like pain first in the right then in the left side, then in 
the chest. 

On one or other side of the chest drawing tensive pain that is 
increased by breathing. 
660. A shooting in the middle of the pectoralis muscle on raising up 
the arm, towards evening and ali night until the morning (aft. 4 h.). 

Shooting pain in the chest on moving the body. 

Shooting in the side only when lying doiyn."^ 

(In the praecordial region obtuse stitches and persistent aching, 
with anxiety, whereby the breathing was impeded i relieved by 

Prìcking pain in the left side after lying down^ in the evening 
(aft. } h.). 
665. Teanngjt and to a certf^in extent shooting, pain in the side of 
the chest (aft. i h.). 

She ribs are painful when grasped.) 
mpressive cutting, almost like a stitch, on one of the lower 
ribt, when lying on the right side, which went off on stretching 
himself out or lying on the painful side. 

In the chest bere and there a cutting pain (aft, 6 h.). 

An anxious sensation in the chest with quicker pulse (aft. i h.). 
670. In the morning difficulty of drawing the breath from anxiety in 
the chest. 

Rush of blood to the chest and heart, at night, wì^h anxious 
dieains (i.g. ^ that he is walled up "), with starting up in afFright, and 
anxious cry. 

In the middle of the chest, in the sternum, pain as from an in- 
ternai ulcer, with frontal headache, before midnight]: (aft. 4 h,)« 

A small spot in the region of the sternum is painful, as if the 
hreath ipipinged upon it. 

Drawing tensive pain in the sternum. 
675. (A drawing, burning, and clutching in the region of the sternum 
extending down ìnto the stomach.) 

On the upper part of the sternum an eroding itching, not 
removed by scratching, in the evening § (aft. 36 h.). 

Swelling of the mammae with tensive pain in them, as if milk 
carne into them and pressed, when suckling. 

Itching on the right nipple, not removed by scratching (aft* 
24 h.). 

• Comp. J78, 645. 

t Comp. note to 199. 

ì Paii» bere and there as from (something sore) an internai ulcer are charac* 
tenstic of puUatilla, Comp, 143, 184, 692, 693, 713, 778, 780, 840 j as also sore 
pain chiefly observed on takmg hold of the part. Comp. 151, 727. 

^ 676, 678, comp. with 694, 696. 


Cracking in the scapulae on the slightest movement, in the 
morning (aft. 64 h.). 
68o. In the right scapola a squeezing pain when sitting. 

Shooting pain betwixt the scapulae on moving, which impedes 

Shooting pain betwixt the scapulae, even when at rest.t 

Stitches in the scapulae at night. 

A pain as from a weight under the scapola. 
685. Drawing pricking pains in the nape, betwixt the scapulae and 
in the back4 

From the scapulae to the middle of the back papules with per- 
sistent itching, especially in the evening on undressing. 

Shooting pain in the nape. 

Drawing tensive pain in the nape. 

Rheumatic pain in the nape with fatigue of the feet (aft. 84 h.]. 
690. In the afternoon drawing into the nape like rheumatism ; he 
could only move himself with difficulty. 

Pain in the nape, as if he had lain at night in a wrong position. 

Swelling in the nape, on both sides of the neck to the large 
carotid arteries, which is only painful when touched, and then the 
pain is violenta as if an internai ulcer were concealed beneath it. 

SweHing on the right side of the neck, with a sensation on moving 
the neck or on touching it, as if the parts were lacerated and stretched,§ 
or as if an internai ulcer lay concealed there, and yet nothing is felt 
when swallowing (aft. 4 h.). 

A pimple on the side of the neck, which merely itches, but the 
itching is not removed by scratching or rubbing (aft. 21 h.). 
695. In the first cervical vertebra 'a painless (creaking) cracking, on 
moving the head (aft. i h.). 

After shaving the beard, on the side of the neck a (smardng) 
itching which is not removed by scratching and rubbing, but this 
causes pain || (aft. 5 h.). 

By day an itching on the neck and cheeks ; on scratching papules 

Eruption of papules on the neck under the chin, which are painful 
when touched. 

Pain of the cervical (submaxillary) glands. 
700. Boring pain in the submaxillary glands even when the parts are 
not moved (aft. 4 h.). 

Drawing tensive pain in the submaxillary glands.V 

The back is painfully stiiF (like a board). 

Backache betwixt tne shoulders, as if from prolonged stooping 
and then rising up again ; going ofF on walking. 

* It is characteristic of pulsatilla that sufFerlngs in other parts than those apper- 
taining to respiration cause tightness of chest, Comp. 379, 383, 715, 722, 723. 
f An alteraating action with the symptoms immediately precedìng. 
t Comp. 354. 
§ Comp. 367, 688. 
Il Comp. 676, 678, 694. 
•JT Comp. 367, 701, 692, 


Tearìn^ pain in the back.* 
705. A throbbing tìckling sensation in the back. [Hòg,'] 

Shooting pain in the back and over the chest. 

Prìcking pain in the back (aft. 2 h.). 

Upward pressive pain in the back. 

Itching in the back and over the loins. 
710. In the fburtb lumbar vertebra an aching pain especially after 

In the OS sacnim an aching pain as from fatigue, in the evening. 

In the sacrum an out-pressing pain, in the evening4 

Stiffiiess and pain in the sacrum when lying, as if festering, and 
as if from a tight band which will not yield. 

Pain in the sacrum on raising up and bending back the upper part 
of the body, which goes ofF when stooping forwards (aft. 12 h.). 
715. Pain in the sacrum like labour pains, as if a band went through 
the sacnim and drew everything together, which takes away her 
breath, especially in the morning. 

Pain in the sacrum as if dislocated, when moving. 

Pain in the sacrum on stooping forwards, which goes off on 
raising up the upper part of the body and bending backwards (aft. 

When lying stili in bed pain in the sacrum and knees, as if 
bruised, which is not felt on rising up and walking about. 

Pain in the sacrum after sitting ; he can hardly raise himself up. 
720. Pain in the sacrum after sitting ; he can hardly stoop. 

Pain in the sacrum in the evening, as from prolonged stooping, 
which is chiefly felt when standing and sitting, but on the other 
hand is relieved by bending the back backwards and by walking -, at 
the same time fatigue in the feet, which compels him to sit down.§ 

Shooting pain in the sacnim and abdomen with cutting pains in 
the bowels which obstruct respiration. 

At first shooting in the sacrum ; afterwards the pain goes into 
the abdomen where it becomes cutting and shooting and takes away 
the breath ; then in the head a formication,|| a weight and a drawing 
sensation, during which the sight and hearing go away ; then chilli- 
ness as if cold water were poured over him. 

Drawing tensive pain in the loins.H 
725. Drawine pain from the loins to the scrobiculus cordis where it 
becomes a shooting, during inspiration. 

In the loins a shooting when stooping forwards, in the morning 
in bed (aft. io h.). 

In the lumbar region and on the wrist a sore pain as from an 
external wound. 

Pain in the shoulder on attempting to raise the arm. 

• 703» 704, 706, 707, comp. with 354, 371. 
f See note to 645. 

t Comp. 213,33, 34» 788. 

^ This and 713, 717, are similar symptoms, which are alternating states with 714, 
710, the first of which are the principal ones. 
ji Comp. «9, 30, 45, 50, 61, 102. 
^ A kmd of artificial lumbago. 


(Some stitches in the axilla when sitting.) 
730. in the shoulder-joint a persistent tearìng^ psdriy which cx>mpeUed 
him to (move) bend the arm ; it occurs in the ihorning on awaking, 
and after half an hour goes off of itself or when he liei mi the painful 

In the shoulder-joint a shooting rheumatic psAn iti the moming, 
on moving the arm ot oti bending the head sidcwtfè (aft. 18 b.). 

In the shoulder-joint a shooting pain on moving the ami qUieklv. 

Severe stitches in the ddtoid nluscle of the rìght upper arm (an. 
I h.). 

In the shoulder-joint a twitching pain (aft. 4 h.). 
735. In the shoulder-joint a twitching sensation. 

In the aftemoon, on the right shoulder a gtirglihg, a kind of 
trembling sensation (aft. 3 d.). 

In the shoulder-joint a sensation as from a heavy ifireight and as 
from paralysis in it, on attempting to raise the arm. 

In the shoulder-joint pain like squeezing and heàviness (aft. 
60 h.). 

In the shoulder-joint, on bending the arm backwards, pain as of 
740. From the shoulder to the wrist drawing pains in short recurring 

A burning ran down through the arm front the shoulder, -at 

In the evening a burning pain in the arm with dry feoUllg in 
the fìngerst (aft. 48 h.). 

Stitches bere and there in the arm.^ [Stoerck, L c] 

Nocturnal itching in the arm.' [Stoerck, I. e] 
745. On the arm vesicles, which afterwards fili with pus and fall off 
as scalea. [Stoerck, 1. e] 

On raising the arm while holding something with it, or on doing 
any other work with it, a numb sensation in, and heàviness of it. 

Pain of the upper arm when touched. 

In the upper arm shooting pain. [Hbg.'] 

The arm is painful even when at rest, as if the shaft of the 
humerus were bruised in the middle ; a pain that extends to the 
thumb, so that she couid not use it. 
750. Tearing in the muscles of the upper arm (immediately). 

Even when at rest drawing pain in the aTm, ali night long, from 

• See note to 199 and note to 900, 901. 

f The symptoms of pulsatilla vary also in reference to the times of the day when 
thcy arise and when they usually persist. The principal time of the day for them 
is the morning, next in frequency the hours until midnight (with rcfcrcncc to the 
noctumal symptoms see noteto 354). The time of the recurrence of the fubatiUa 
symptoms is more rarely in the aftemoon, about 4 o^clock, stili more rarcly the 
morning, &c. 

1 ** In the " meàns in the paralyscd arm. Thcse stitches occurred in 1 case of 
rheumatic paralysis of the left arm, in which alone thcy were felt. 

* In the samc arm. The itching was followed by the eniptioli of 8. 745, where* 
upon the arm regained its power. 


the shoulder down to the fingers, which thereafter go to sleep (die 
away) to insensibility, but without becoming pale or cold. 

(When she holds something in her band she feels as if the arm 
went to sleep.) 

Pain in the elbow-joint on moving, as if bruised, with dilated 
pupils^ in the morning (aft. 8 h.). 

Pain in the elbowr-joint on extending it. 
755* Pain in the elbow-joint on moving (aft. 18 h.). 

An eroding itching on the point of the elbow-joint^ like itching 
and the firiction of wool (aft. 2 h.) « 

Over the elbow-joint small (not inflamed) swellings beneath the 
skìn, which are painful when touched. 

Heaviness of the arms, with tearing pain in the elbow-joint on 
attempting to flex it, only by day. 

A tensive pain of the tendons of the bend of the 
elbow on moving the arm. 

760. In the bones of the forearm drawing tearing pain in repeated 
attacks by day and in the evening.* 

Distended blood-vessels (veins) in the forearm.f 

Sensation of coldness in the arms, as if they would go to sleep (aft. 
72 h.). 

Twitching tearing pain in the arnis| (aft. 3 h.). 

Twitching sensation in the forearm towards the wrist, especially 
in the morning after waking. 
765. In the arm, particularly in the fingers, tearing drawing pain at 

In the inner part of the arms drawing tensive pain down to the 

In the forearm, particularly on the back of the hand and between 
the fingers, an itching which compels scratching, but vesicles do not 
tubsequendy appear there. 

A rigidity in the right wrist-joint, even when he did not move 
the hano. 

In the wrist-joint pain as if stifF, on moving, and as if he had 
tprained the hand. 
770. In the morning after rising, sweaty hands. 

In the bones of the wrìst, then in the arm^ in the evening, a pain 
as if he had sprained himself, more perceptible when moving than 
when at rest (aft. 4 d.). 

Drawing pain in the thumb, with stifF sensation on moving it. 

Pain in the second joint of the thumb on moving as if sprained. 

StiflFness in the second joint of the thumb and in the knees, as if 
these joints were dislocated, and cracking would occur in them (aft. 

775. Tension in the proximal joints of the fingers, in the morning. 
Tearing pain in the extensor tendons of the fingers§ (aft. 10 h.). 

* Comp. notes to 199. 
See note to 1073» 854. 

763 — 766 are to be understood in the sense of the note to 199. 
To be judged in conformity with the note to 199. 


Papules containing water betwixt the fingers, with fine pricking 
pain, as from a splinter sticking in, on touching them or moving the 
fingers (aft. 4 d.). 

At the side of the nail of the index pain as if an onychia would 

Going to sleep of the fingers in the morning in bed (aft. 36 h.). 
780. At night going to sleep of the fingers (aft. 30 h.). 

In the muscles of the nates a simple pain, as if bruised or as if 
ulcerated internali/, after sitting. 

In the hip-joint pain on bending the back^ about noon. 

An aching in the left hip and at the same time in the head, in 
the forenoon^ which went off on moving (aft. 26 h.). 

The hip-joint is painful, as if dislocated (aft. 3 d.). 
785. A visible painless twitching of some bundles of muscular fibres 
in the thigh, in the evening in bed. 

A twitching, almost sore pain ftom the hip-joint into the knee, in 
the morning when lying in bed, which was allayed by walking. 

When he is lying, a shooting in the front ot the left thigh to the 
knee and from tho rìght calf to the heel ; not when moving. 

A violent aching splitting pain in the muscles of the thigh and 
upper arm (aft. 2 h.). 

In the muscles of the thigh a drawing pain at night, which com- 

pels him to move them ; he knows not how to compose himself j at 

the same time sleeplessness, tossing about in bed even when there is 

no longer pain there, and coldness ali over. 

790. When walking sudden, transient paralytic weakness in the thigh.* 

(Pain in the right thigh like stiflFness ; but on graspingf (touching] 
it a pain like shooting in it.) 

A drawing and tension in the thighs and legs, in the evening. 

Pain in the thighs as if bruised, not in the flesh but in the bones ; 
also when pressing on them, it feels as if in the bones ; she could not 
flex the knees nor kneel ; it feels as if the bones would break. 

Bruised feeling of the thighs in the muscles and bones (aft. 18 h.]. 
795. (A tension about the thigh when walking and stooping.) 

After sitting when he commences to walk a paralytic pain in the 
knees and heel, as after a long journey on foot. 

(A painful stifFness in the right knee when walking, when the 
limb is stretched out straight. 

Excessive weariness of the legs with trembling of the knees.:]: 

Tearing pains (like jerks) in the knees (aft. 34 h.). 
800. Tearing pain from the knee to the hip only when sitting, not 
when walking. 

Tearing and drawing pain in the knee. 

Tension in the hough (immediately). 

Tearing pain with swelling in the knee. 

(Eruption of pimples in the hough.) 

* Actually at the commencement of walking after risìng up from (prolonged) 
sitting. See note to 645, comp with 796, 825. 
+ Comp. 777. 
^ Comp. 825, 826. 


805. Painless swelling of the knee. 

(At night coldness in the knee, under the bed-clothes.) 

On one side of the knee there is a small spot that is painful as ìf 

(She could not move the afFected thigh and leg at night, she had 
to let the limb lie in one position on account of bruised pain in and 
under the knee ; it did not hurt when touched.) 

Cracking in the knees. 
8io. Unsteadiness and weakness of the knees ; they bent under him 
ìnvoluntarily when walking. 

On rìsing up after sitting the legs go to sleep.* 

On rìsing up after sitting a paraTytic pain of the legs, which goes 
oiFon walking on again. 

Pain as if bruised on the tibia. 

Simple pain of the legs. 
815. Pain in the leg when he lets it bang down. 

A drawing pain in the legs, in the evening. 

At night he must let the lower limb lie bent, otherwise he had 
no rest from it. 

In the evening painful drawing in the lower limbs to the knees, 
with more chilliness than by day, without subsequent heat.f 

In the legs from the feet to the knees a drawing pain as from a 
long journey on foot, which in the morning declines and goes off 
almost completely. 
830. He feels bruised in the feet as if he had walked a long way. 

Gold sensation in the leg, though it is sufficiently warm. 

Heaviness and drawing pains in the legs, less in the arms. 

Heaviness of the legs, especially in the forenoon. 

Heaviness of the legs by day. 

825. The feet were insensible towards evening, and yet very heavy j 
they trembled when walking (aft. 48 h.). 

Trembling in the lower extremities in the morning.J 

In the evening after lying down, trembling sensation in the legs 
and knees (aft. 3 d.). 

Weariness of the legs (aft. 50 h.). 

Wearìness in the knees (not in the feet) when he rises up from a 
830. Weakness of the feet^ so that he can hardly stand.§ 

In the feet, when standing, (a tingling sensation) a buzzing and 
grumbling which goes off on walking. 

(The varicose veins of the leg bleed.) 

The tibia is painful when touched. 

On the tibia pain as if bruised, especially on lifting up the foot. 
835. On the tibia pain as after a blow with a stick, from afternoon till 

* Comp. 568. 

t Most of the pains of pulsatala are accompanied by chilliness. Comp. 844, 
t 826, %%7, comp. with 798, 890, 891, 929, 935^ 936. 
§ Comp. 810. 


Stitches upwards in the shaft of the tibia with extemal burnii^ 
pains and erjsipelatous redness.*^ [^(/^] 

Papules exuding watery fluid on the leg, with burning patn. 

After walking a long way, when sitting in the house, a drawing 
on the inner side of the calves (aft. 36 h.). 

Visible twitching in a part of the rìght calf in the mornìng in 
bed, not without an agreeable sensation. 
840. After lying down, especially in the evening, the flesh of the legs 
is painful, as if festering and gathering, a pain that is reliered by 
compression with the hands (aft. 3 d.). 

Pain in the bones of the legs, like pressure on an ulcerated 
place, on walking (or a considerable time, especially in the aftemoon, 
which is relieved by pressing on it, as also by sitting, but most of ali 
by the night's rest. 

Drawing tensive pain in the calves. 

Tensive pain of the calves. 

Cramp of the leg in the evening after lying down, with chillinessf 
(aft. ih.). 
845. When walking pain in the calves like cramp. 

When walking sudden pain in the ankle-joint, as if sprained. 

Tearing in the ankle-joint on moving the foot, with dilated 

On the inner ankle tearing pains, aggravated by walking (aft. 4 h.). 

Over the dorsum of the foot to the heel a tearing pain, moming 
and evening. 
850. Burning pain on the dorsum of the foot. \_St/.'} 

Swelling of the dorsum of the foot. 

(Swelling of the dorsum of the foot with stretching pain.) 

Swelling of the foot above the ankles, not below them. 

Increase of the swelling of the foot, the varicose veins become 
distended. [St/.'] 
855. Swelling of one foot in the evening. 

Swelling of the feet. 

Hot feet. 

Feet swoUen as high as the calves, hot swelling. 

When at rese a persistent burning and beat of the foot which is 
increased by walking. 
860. Red^ hot swelling of the foot, with tensive, burning pain, which 
changes into a shooting when standing. 

Red, hot swelling of the feet, with itching creeping, as if ftt>sen.§ 

Profuse sweat on the feet every morning in bed (secondary action ì 
after the cure of a swelling of the feet). 

On first treading, in the morning, an over-selisitiveness and 
formication in the foot, as from excessi ve accumulation of blood in it. 

When standing a formicating pricking pain on the soles of the ftct 
as if gone to sleep or numb. 

* In a woman of 58, from -^th grain of the juice. 

f See note to 818. 

t 847—849, see note to 199. 

§ Comp. 885. 


865. A nufnb pain in the ball ùf the big toe. 

In the soles of the feet and ih the ball of the big toe a numb^ 
pain, as after a great jump, and as if benumbed, immediately on 
putting the foot to the ground after prolonged sitting j a pain that 
goes oflF graduali/ by walking (aft. i h.). 

The fioles of the feet are painful as if bruised. 

In the soles of the fbet^ above the knee, and in the back, a tearing 

Tearing pain in the soles of the feet and above the knee^ 
870. Single stitches in the soles of the feet and the tips of the toes, 
when at rest. 

Pain of the soles of the feet on treading, just as if blood were 
extravasated in them, festering or ulcerated. 

A buming pain in the soles of the feet. 

Pain ih the middle (the hollow) of the sole when treading, as if a 
tumour projected there, or an internai ulcer were there, with stitches 
thence into the calves. 

Boringpain in the heel towards evening (aft. 58 h^). 
875. In the morning in bed a pricking in the heel, which'goes off after 

In the ball of the heel a burning shooting:^ pain with itching as 
in frozen limbs (aft. 4 h.). 

In the heel a boring shooting pain (aft. 3 h.). 

In the heel a cutting pain in the evening, after he had got warm 
in bed. 

A somewhat red and elevated spot ón the dorsum of the foot, with 
prickling somewhat shooting pain as if an ulcer would form,§ also 
▼ery painful to the touch. 
880. Tearing jerks (ictus) in the big toe (aft. 3 h.). 

Shooting in the toes, especially the big toe (aft. i h.). 

Pain in the toes as if the shoe had pressed them. 

Tfansient burning pains from the toes up to the groin.^ [Stoerck', 

Pam 11 

in the big toe, increasing in the evening and going oiFwhen 
he lies down to sleep (aft. 30 h.). 
885. Itchihg creeping in the toes, as in frozen limbs^ in the evening. || 
In the evening when he has got Warm in bed, there occurs in the 
bails of the little and second toes a burning shooting pain combined 
with itching, which gradually increases to an extreme degree, as in 
frozen limbs (aft. 3 h.). 

Before midnight a painful intolerable itching and itching pricking 
of the feet and toes that feel as if inflamed, especially dose to the 

* A pain of the perìosteum on external pressure accompanied by insensibility of 
the ìnteguments (skin and muscles). 
868, 869, see note to 199. 

The shooting pains oi pulsatilla are usually buming shooting. 
To be judged in conformity with the note to 671. 
Comp. 558. 

^ In a paralysed leg, coincident with improvement in power. 


tg thioo^ the whole body ; the feet feel 
«rsLT n-jTìf"- 3CI wfthoQt leasing any painfiil numbness when 

kd gmt chDliness in the arms and legs. [/r. 

hauss and feet when at rest, when sitting.) 
£ left kg tmnbling, with tearìng pain* (aft. 

Iz: ^ 3i£ lÌ3zibi i^nnSHn g wìth tearing pain (aft. 3 h.). 

In lÌKS cTrrrng Ì2 bed clrmihg from above downwards in the 

Ficrr.vxr^ gaoe-ro>sjeep fieeling of the forearm (and hands] and 
oc riif jc£!^ vÒ£z dKT azT ì]ring quiet ; diminished by moving them 

Tbe ì:2:bs oc «iùch he has laìn in sleep, are on awaking gone to 

&95. The ST-nrcccDS ame amdiorated in the open air f (aft. ) h.)« 

T^ sr^z^ooìs are pardcularlT sercre on alternate evenings. [Stf] 

He joc^ yx the open air, and jet the abdominal pain and 

ÌTìr^rnoc to romit in paitìcular, are aggravated in the open air 

Scsèrlnp n-ocn open air ; he drcads it (aft. 6 to 8 h.). 

Afber a vxk at 2x»aa he was altog^er so exhausted that he 
couìd soc resnìn trom slcepèng ; and the more he trìed to keep 
jnrake the mcce s kcp y he became. 
9CC L: the aooming and ai night, when in bed, he lies most com- 
fortaKr .&:^£ >e<r oa his back wìth the legs drawn up ; but when he 
Hes on oce <:ce or the other there occur \'anoiis spasmodic symptoms ; 
/^, hienKcrhocca! piin at the anus, headache as if the skull would 
burst, piins in the joints, tightness <^ the chest, anxiety % (aft. 38 h.). 

W^hen lying on the bick the pains are diminished and gp off; 
bu: when Ivin^ on either side thev are aggravated or renewed (aft. 
24 hA 

Drawing tearìng pain, somedmes in one, sometimes in another 
limbj wìth chiUìncss and coldness.§ 

Drawing tearìng pains bere and there throughout the body, in 
short but speedily rccurrìng fits. 

Drawing prìcking pain in the limbs, but especiaUy in the joints, 
which are painful as if bniised when touched. 
905. Twitching drawing pain in the musclesas if they were tuggedon 
one side, not in the joìnts.j 

Twitching pain in the left side (aft. 4 h.). 

Smarting itching bere and there in the skin. 

^ S90, S91, comp. with S25 and note to 199. 

■)- 895, 897» 898. Thrre altemating symptoms of pmUatilla^ the first of which b 
the most important, 1. /. the most ftequent and most severe. 

X 90O} 9^'- This condition is the most usuai ; but it not unfrequently altemated 
with another, in which the pain of a part occurrìng when lying on the back goes off 
by lying on the aifected part (see 730), or on the side (see 501). 

^ 901, 903, to be judged in conformity with the note to 199. 

I Comp. 199. 


Icching Olì the dorsum of the foot and betwixt the breasts, in the 
morning in bed. 

Itching prìcking sensation in the skin as from a number of fleas. 
910. A (burning) itching before midnight when he becomes warm in 
bed, ali over the body, which becomes more violent by scratching ; 
he cannot sleep for it at night ; little felt by day and then only when 
he has got warm by walking, or when he rubs himself — no eruption 
is to be seen. 

Boils bere and there. 

(Red, hot spots on the body, which rise up in lumps as if stung 
by nettles, with eroding itching pain.) 

The (existing) ulcer is disposed to bleed. 

In the ulcer there occurs a severe shooting smarting pain, 
whilst itching comes on around the ulcer. 
915. In the morning in bed a burning smarting in the neighbourhood 
of the scab (ulcer) (together with dry cough) (aft. 20 h.). 

In the morning dose to, or above the ulcer on the leg, a burning 
as from a red-hot coal, for two minutes. 

Below the ulcer on the leg a tickling itching. 

Around the ulcer there occurs an increased itching as if it were 
goine to heal up. 

In the ulcer there occur stitches, which give a shock to the 
whole body, whilst round about it only pricking pains, afterwards 
passing into burning, are felt. 
920. Stitches in the recent wound, in the evening. 

In the ulcer of one leg there occur stitches darting upwards, but 
in that of the other leg burning (aft. 24 h.). 

Shortly before the time for dressing the ulcer on the leg there 
occurs in it a smarting, in the morning and evening. 

The redness around the ulcer becomes hard and shining. 

A part that had previously been burnt, but was now healed, is 
painfiil when touched. 
925. The pain in the ulcer increases on preparing to eat. 

Troublesome throbbing of the arteries throughout the body, felt 
chiefly when touching.* 

Drawing pains in the limbs and the whole body, with anxious 

A trembling anxiety, which is increased when at rest, when 
sitting and lying, but diminished by movement. 

An anxious trembling sensation in the limbs. 
930. An extremely disagreeable feeling throughout the body, which 
brìngs him to despair, so that he knows not how to compose himself, 
and which lets him neither sleep nor bave rest in any way whatever. 

A feeling at night throughout the body as if he had been long 
awake, with emptiness in the head as from a debauch the previous 
day (aft. 12 h.). 

In the morning in bed, simple pain in the limbs, especially in the 
joints, which compels him to strctch out the limbs, with beat of the 
whole body, without thirst (aft. 12, 36 h.). 

• Comp. 47— 49, 51, 374- 


Wfttx Bia3n§ ìrr èn, eicat inriiittrion to stretcb out the 1^ 
ix lìie mn' ii. i g sncr nàstg a disoomfort in the whole body (aft. 

^J5^ Or 1II3IÌK craBTfrrtg or die hands and feet * (alt. 28 h.}. 

InsùmxJsBL £» areadi hinttcif. [^/.] 

UTacnss gre rrinTnnci of the limbs, wìthout foding tired, in 

i D : e !i.:? r srscr nÈse snen bed (aft. 24 h.). 

Wcannesi ̣ cbe l^s. noe when walking, but onlj oa getting up 

Ar -TmrcciììrT xni mfnna in Ac bod j. 

Hai:3icss of ^ wiuàe bodj i^ (aft. 8 h.). 

Hf is i£ZT XDZ aZvzTS wisbes to sit and lie down. 

lac "nr.^ iBc 

Prs feg^iiLÌ ar. ot t^ 

F-i: eaiì g àòcne ftom a short walk^ for many dajfs. 

Fifaipòac: ot ali the body, he must lie down (aft. 3 h.). 

sverai paralydc fedìng in the rcgion of the articular lìga- 

b: i^^ the knscr he lies the more exhausted he beoomes, 

xhii ^Jikss hìm làc stiB^ìonger, and even go to sleep again« 

IsL his skep he iìes on bis bac^ die hands crossed over the 
abaomci. aad die legs diawn up. || 
95C^ Durìsg the ercning deep, when seated, snoring thiough the nose 
u II Hjw I aT>'!n 1 

In bis sjcep he lies on bis bac^ die arms bud above the head. 

PeisxKent» drcamtul sleepmess. 

In the eii^ning he cannot refrain ftom sleeping, without being 
tired ^aft. 4. d.). 

On account of exhaastion he can hardlj walk for a few minutes, 
and then he again goes to sleep for hours, and so on altematdjr, ali 
day long. 
955. Sleep at an unusual dme, either late in the moming, or early in 
the ercning. 

IiTcsisdble aftemoon sleep. 

(Drowsiness during dinner.) 

Sleep too prolonged, with dosed eydids, wfaich ìs ftom the first 
only light slumber Adi of fantasies and dreams. 

A slumber full of dreams of uncoimected subjects, to each of 
which the dreamer attaches words in thought, though the names do 
not apply to the things seen in bis dreams ; hence unconnected loud 
talking in such sleep. 

* 935» 936, comp. with 79S, 815 — 827, 890, 891, 929, 1103. 

f The wearìness and weakness of any pait from ^uìsatiUa generally shows itself 
by heaviness. 

t Comp. 898. 

§ This sjrmptom comes on also particularlv in the evenìng, when it g^roirs dark, 
wiui a painRil sensation in the joints of ali the limbs, such as usually occurs at the 
commencement of a fìt of ague, with chilliness. 

Il Comp. 900. 


960. Veiy light superficial sleep ; afterwards he feels as if he had not 
slept at ali. 

Comatose, stupid, restless sleep ; he tosses about. 

He moves about in sleep. 

Restless sleep at night ; on account of ìntolerable sensation of 

heat he must throw off the bed-clothes, during which the insides of 

the hands are warm, but without perspiration. 

(The first three nights) he could only sleep when seated, or with 

his head bent sideways and forwards, and he did not fall asleep before 

965. He could not go to sleep in the evening. {St/,'\ 
Sleeplessness with extreme restlessness. [0//I] 
He could not get to sleep at night before 2 a.m. IHig.] 
Very restless sleep, with tossing about in bed, as from great heat. 

At night in bed, intolerable dry heat. [Hbg.] 
970. Intolerable buming heat and restlessness, at night in bed. [Hbg.] 

Intolerable itching, in the evening in bed. [Stf.] 

She frequently jumped out of bed, because she felt better when 
up. JSt/.-] 

Cannot get to sleep in the evening owing to anxious feeling of 
heat (aft. 4 h.). 

Wakes from a feeling of heat. 

975; Sleeplessness, as from ebuUition of blood. 

At night anxiety as from heat. 

Feeling of heat at night without thirst (aft. 36 h.). 

He easily wakes up in the evening (before midnight). 

In the evening in bed he cannot get to sleep for a long time, and 
then he generally wakes up early, without being able to go to sleep 
980. After lying down in the evening he sleeps for an hour and a 
half without dreaming, he then wakes up and remains wide awake 
until the morning ; he must always change his position. 

He often wakes up at night and remains awake $ on the other 
band, he is sleepy by day. 

She wakes up before midnight and dreams much, and only sleeps 
quietly Arom a a.m., but the foUowing forenoon she is so tired that 
she could bave slept during the entire half of the day. 

Sleeplessness : he wakes up completely every three hours during 
the night. 

Sleeplessness, with a throng of ideas. 
985. Before midnight sleep prevented by a fìxed idea, e.g. a tune 
always repeated in his thoughts, whilst drowsiness suspends the 
dominion of the mind over the memory and imagination. 

In the evening after going to bed anxiety, with a profusion of 
ideas and rush of blood to the head which compels him to get up 
(aft. 5h.). 

After midnight very vivid dreams and fancies, which incessantly 
strain and fatigue the thinking foculty, their theme is almost always 
the same subject, until he awakes (aft. 48 h.}. 


Vivid dreams about events that had been talked about or had 
occurred the day before. 

She sat up in her slumber^ stared at every one, and said ^^ Send 
that man away from me." 
990. Frightful dreams : he must raise himself up (aft, 5 h.). 

Wakes up frequently on account of frightful dreams, e,g, as if he 
were falling. 

Frightful dreams : he starts up in his sleep as if terriiied. 

Dreamful sleep, in which he starts up. 

He starts up in affriffht in Ms sleep. 

995. At night dreams full of fright and disgust. 

A slumber with jerlcs in his arms and starting up in alFrìght. 
When he wakes up from sleep the sound of words seems to him 
to be too loud, and vibrates shrilly in his ears (aft. 2 h.). 

At night he wakes up Mghtened and confosed, 
knows not where he is, and cannot rightly coUect 
himself (aft. 5, 12 h.). 

Confused dreams at night. 
1000. He dreams of quarrelling (aft. 24 h.). 

Cries out and starts up in sleep, terrifìed about a black dog or 
cat, wishes the bees to be chased away, and so forth. 

Nocturnal anxiety on awaking, as if he had committed a crime. 

He dreams horrible things, e»g. that he would be killed, and mis- 
fortunes ; he sighs and weeps aloud in sleep, and when awake the 
dream continues to be so vividly present to him that he must draw a 
deep breath, like sighing. 

Chattering in hui sleep (also aft. 40 h.). 

1005. After midnight half-waking chattering about trìfles which had 
presented themselves to his mind. 

After midnight slight general sweat, with stupefied slumber and 
vivid dream pictures.* 

Lasci vious dreams in the evening and morning, almost without 
excitation 'of the genital organa. 

In its sleep the child worked its mouth to and fro, opened 
its eyes, distorted them, and closed them again, and twitched with its 

Twitching in one or other limb, when about to fall asleep. 
loio. Single twitches of the limbs or of the whole body in sleep. 

Spasmodic shaking and twitching of the head and of the whole 
body on going to sleep (in the afternoon siesta), twice in succession 
(aft. 86 h.). 


Chilliness during the pains in the evening.f 

After the chilliness of the body in the afternoon, heaviness and 
heat in the head, 
IO 15. Coldness, paleness, and sweat ali over the body, for two hours 
(aft. 2 h.). IFr. H—n.] 

Chilliness, as on going out of a warm room into the cold, 

* Comp. 1093. f Comp. 818, 844. 


Shivering almost without chilliness, so that the hair stood on 
end, with anxiety and oppression.* [^Hbg/ 

Slight chilliness in the afternoon. [St/.' 

1020. Repeated shivering. 

Shivering, as if sweat wouid break out. 

Chilliness and internai coldness ; he always felt as if he would be 
chilled even in the warm room, ii^ the morning and evening.. 

Gold hands and feet ; thev felt dead. 

Chilliness on rìsing from bed in the morning. 
T025. In the afternoon warm on the upper part of the body, on the 
lower part of the body internai chilliness without external coldness. 

In the evening chilliness ali over, without shivering he felt 

Towards evening chilliness only on the thighs, which were also 
cold, whereas the legs and feet remained warm. 

Chilliness ali the evening before bedtime, even when walking. 

Chilliness towards evening without cause. 
1030. Chilliness in the evening with goose-skin. 

Shivering along the back ali day, without thirst. 

Shivering in the back, extending into the hypochondria, and 
chiefly on the front of the arms and thighs, with coldness of the limbs 
and a feeling as if they would go to sleep, in the afternoon about 4 
o'clock (aft. IO h.). 

Shuddering shiver over the arms, during which beat came into 
the cheeks, and the air of the room seemed to him to be too hot. 

At noon, after a meal, a very transient chili (aft. 6 h.). 
1035. Chilliness after the midday meal, over the upper part of the 
abdomen and upper arms (aft. 5 h.). 

Chilliness after lying down in the evening ^ after lying down a 
slight beat. 

Chillj feeling with trembling, which recurs after 
Bome minutes, with little heat thereafter and no sweat. 

In the evening chilliness in the room. 

Towards evening he feels, in the warm room, chilliness or a 
sensation as if he were cold, intermingled with hot feeling. 
1040. Ali day chili and three times transient heat in the face. 

Chilliness with interposed warmth (aft. J h.), then increased 
warmth in the face and the rest of the body.f 

Febrile chili without thirst ^ thirst in the heat. 

Thirst for water in the heat. 

In the evening thirst for water. 
1045. Thirst for beer and yet it tastes disagreeably to him (aft. io h.). 

* Alternatlng action with 1055. 

t The intcrmittcnt fevcr that fulsatiUa can produce has gcncrally thirst only 
during the heat (not during the chili), more rarely only after jhe heat or before the 
chili. When there is only feeling of heat, without extemally perceptible heat, 
the thirst is absent. A condition altemating with this consists of a feeling of 
heat mingled with a feeling of cold. There are some other changes somewhat 
diiFerent from thesc (altemating actions), which are rarer, and hence are less or 
more rarely available for curative purposes. 

VOL. II. 25 


After the cessation of the febrile heat very violent thirst, especi- 
ally for beer, with white tongue. 

Thirst, especially in the morning, and particularly for becr (aft. 
some h.). 

Thirst for alcoholic liquors. 

He wishes to drink something strong and of a cordial character. 
1050. In the evening, immediately after lying down in bed, heat, with- 
out thirst or sweat ; the sweat only occurred in the moming bctween 
2 and 5 o'clock, with thirst, ancf increase of the sweat every rime 
after drinking. 

In the evening a chili carne over him ; then for some hours heat 
rather externally, with weariness and exhaustion ; in the night the 
heat became internai only, and until K a. m. quite dry, without 
perspiration y then emptiness of the head and in some hours bloody 
expectoration from the chest, which afterwards assumed a liver-like 

Fever : repeated shivering in the afternoon ; in the evening 
general burning heat with excessive thirst, terrìfied starting that 
prevented sleep, pains like severe labour-pains, painftilness of the 
whole body, so that he cannot turn himself in bed^ and watery 

He has heat and withal wishes to be covered up ; he licks his 
lips and does not drink ; he sighs and groans. 

Fever : in the evening very severe chili and external coldness, 
without shivering or thirst ; in the moming feeling of heat as if 
perspiration were coming on (which, however, does not take place), 
without thirst or external heat, but with hot hands and disinclination 
to be uncovered * (aft. 26 h.). 
1055. Fever: severe chili ; then a mixed feeling of internai heat and 
shivering ; afterwards general burning heat with very quick pulse 
and very rapid deadly-anxious respiration. 

Fever : after rigor, general heat and perspiration, with drawing 
twitching pains in the shafts of the bones of the limbs. 

Fever : every afternoon, about i o'clock, chili with hot ears and 

Fever : in the afternoon (about 2 o'clock) thirst j thereafter 
(about 4 o'clock) chili without thirst, with coldness of the fece and 
hands, with anxiety and oppression of the chest ; thereafter lying 
down and drawing pains in the back upwards to the occiput, and 
thence to the tempie and crown of the head ; after three hours heat 
of the body (without thirst) ; the skin is burning hot, sweat only in 
the face in large drops dripping down like beads, sleepiness without 
sleep and great restlessness ; the following morning sweat ali over 
the body (aft, 70 h.). 

Internai heat with thirst (but not extreme thirst) in the afternoon. 
1060. Heat at night, and on turning in bed chili (shivering). 

In the afternoon (6 o'clock) a burning heat on the chest and 
between the scapulse, and at the same time chilliness of the thighs 
and legs, without thirst. 

♦ Comp. ihe altcmating action loiS. 


Heat and then shivering. 
First heat and thereafter great chilliness. 
Dry heat of the whole body, at night and in the morning. 
1065. Sensation of warmth as if in an over-heated room (aft. 3 h.). 

Everything seemed too tight on her body, she wished to throw 
offher clothes. [St/.] 

In the evening (7 o'clock) excessi ve heat ali over (with inclina- 
tion to cover herself tip and great thirst for beer). [St/.'] 

First chilliness, then heat and feeling of heat on the head and 
hands, with slow full pulse (aft. 12 h.). [Rit.] 

In the face redness and burning heat (immediately) foUovfed by 
paleness of face. [Fr. H — ».] 
1070. (Midnight thirst, without being more than warm.) 

In the evenine dry heat of the body, with distended bloodvessels 
and burning hands, which 8eek for cool places. 

Heat of one hand and coldness of the other. 

Hand and foot cold and red on one side, hot on the other, in the 
evening and night.^ 

Heat in the hands and feet (aft. 4 h.). 
1075. In the evening especially, sudden heat and redness of the cheeks, 
with warm frontal sweat ; during and after the heat of the face 
shivering in the back and over the arms, without goose-skin, and out- 
boring headache with obtuse stitchei ^ between whiles frequent 
attacks of anxiety. 

Redness of the right cheek, with violent burning in it, especially 
in the open air ; at the same time heat of the right hand^ with 
shivering ali over the body, cloudiness of the head, like intoxication, 
and crossness causing every trifle to be taken in bad part (aft. \ h.}.