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Full text of "McKean historical notes, being quotations from historical and other records, relating chiefly to MacIain-MacDonalds, many calling themselves McCain, McCane, McEan, MacIan, McIan, McKean, MacKane, McKeehan, McKeen, McKeon, etc. Arranged and mostly compiled by Fred. G. McKean"

presented to 

Xibran? 



oftbe 



of Toronto 






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McKEAN HISTORICAL NOTES, 



BEING 



QUOTATIONS FROM HISTORICAL AND OTHER 

RECORDS, 



RELATING CHIEFLY TO 



MAflAIN-MAcDONALDS, 

/ / 

- 



MANY CALLING THEMSELVES 



McCAIN, McCANE, McEAN, MAcIAN, McIAN, 

McKEAN, MACKANE, McKANE, 

McKEEHAN, McKEEN, 

McKEON, ETC. 




ARRANGED AND MOSTLY COMPILED BY 

FRED. G. McKEAN, U. S. N. 



WASHINGTON, D. C. 
1906 



PKEHS OF GIBSON BROS. 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 

1906 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Introductory. .......... 5 

Explanations. ......... 5 

Sources of information, and Acknowledgments. . . 6 

The name McKean. ........ 7 

Manner of compiling data. ........ 9 

Books and other authorities referred to. 1 1 

List of illustrations, etc. .... ... 14 

Section I. Probable Early Ancestors. 125 to 1329. . . . 15 

Section II. Maclains of Ardnamurchan. 1260 to 1719. . . 34 

Section III. Maclansof Glencoe. Early in the 1 4th cent, to 1903. . 84 

Section IV. Other McKeans. 1 3th to the igth centuries. . . 164 

Glossary. ....... . 205 

Appendices. . . . . . . . . . . 213 

The name Donald. . . . . . . . . 213 

Local titles of some Mac Donalds. . . . . . . 214 

Ranald. O'Cahan. ........ 214,215 

" Sons of John. " . . . . . . . . 215 

An old Document. ........ 220 

Music. (The Massacre of Glencoe). . . . . . 224 

Heraldic Notes. . . . . . . . . 228 

Postscript ........... 232 

Index. 233 



INTRODUCTORY. 



Some explanation to the subscribers to McKean Genealogies 
seems necessary for the appearance of these Historical Notes, 
so-called, and for the delay connected with them. 

Mr. Cornelius McKean of Perry, Iowa, having decided more 
than fifteen years ago to compile the genealogies of all families 
of McKeans, McKeens, etc., in the United States and Canada, 
wrote, about 1894, for the family history of one of the bearers of 
the name in Washington, D. C. The latter replied that his branch 
had no known history, but that no account of the McKeans would 
be complete without notes from certain volumes in the State 
Department Library, containing some quaint records of McKean- 
McDonalds of bygone times, and including the official inquiry 
into the Glencoe Massacre, etc. 

In an evil day he was prevailed upon to promise a copy of 
some of those documents, and Mr. Cornelius McKean in his 
prospectus to subscribers, made such mention of the Historical 
Notes intended to form Part IT. of the combined work, that 
undue expectation was raised in reference to their importance. 

At first the materials seemed scanty, and much irrelevant 
matter was introduced, especially about the MacDonalds, 
O'Cahans and others, while the gentleman in Iowa urged the 
inclusion of illustrations and other things, which, while extremely 
interesting, appeared to have little to do strictly with the subject. 
One of the consequences was that in the course of time there 
was too much bulk for the wishes of the generality of the sub- 
scribers, and when its publication approached, the cost of the 
whole was found to be much more than some of the subscribers 
had specified that they would pay. 

Finding there was no disposition to join him in printing the 
whole at a sacrifice and distributing copies at less than cost, 
the compiler of the historical part decided that his section of 
the work was of secondary importance, and that Mr. Cornelius 
McKean ought to publish the Genealogies as originally proposed ; 
the Historical Notes to be laid aside until a more favorable oppor- 
tunity should arise, and then to be re-written, omitting much 
matter which did not particularly concern the McKeans, and 



6 INTRODUCTORY. 

awaiting the completion of that monumental work Clan Donald, 
in which we were promised some new information about the two 
branches of the Clan Maclan. 

The last volume of that fine work having been published toward 
the end of 1904, there seemed little further excuse for delaying 
our Historical Notes, excepting interference owing to the printers' 
strike. They have therefore been completely remodelled and 
almost re-written for about the third time, and are intended 
to be sent to the subscribers of the McKean Genealogies, and to 
a few others who may be interested in them, in spite of many 
imperfections known by the compiler to be contained therein. 

Perhaps some future McKean may build upon the printed 
Notes and others in manuscript as a foundation, and produce 
the work much to be desired by later bearers of the name. 

SOURCES OF INFORMATION, AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 

The notes originally collected were gathered from a series of 
works in Washington, the full range of which was accidentally 
discovered by the compiler during investigations in the State 
Department Library, on the origin of names. It is claimed 
that the volumes alluded to, together with others not mentioned, 
several hundreds in number, are unique in this country, and the 
issue of them is still in progress in England. They are for the 
most part, publications in print, of old parchment and other 
records in various collections in Great Britain; were "Trans- 
mitted by Direction of the Master of the Rolls," and, as a printed 
fly-leaf in several of the folios sets forth, are ' 'To be perpetually- 
preserved in the Library of the Department of State of the 
United States." To writers on archaeology, history, theology, 
philology, genealogy, military matters, law, sociology and 
other subjects, they would be invaluable, if they were more 
widely known. They are in several languages and styles, but 
the ordinary student would probably have little difficulty in 
deciphering the meaning of most of them. The prompt courtesy 
with which the Librarians, and particularly Mr. William McNeir, 
granted the privilege of making the extracts alluded to, and 
others from their collections is hereby thankfully acknowledged. 
(The volumes have been recently removed to the Congressional 
Library.) Some notes obtained from books more accessible 
to the general public, several of them examined in Boston, 



INTRODUCTORY. 7 

Philadelphia and Washington by the compiler's eldest son, 
an indefatigable collector of material; and some illustrations 
and other valuable matter obtained from Scotland by Mr. Corne- 
lius McKean, were afterwards incorporated therewith, and as for 
the work Clan Donald, just finished, the references to it with 
which these Notes bristle, testify to our consideration of its 
value as an authority which every McKean, McDonald and 
Scot should read, even if he may not possess it. 

THE NAME 

It is generally agreed now, that the name McKean, believed to 
be already spelt in more than four hundred different ways, means 
the son of John. Those who have paid attention to the subject 
are aware that all the forms of John found in almost every Euro- 
pean language and in a few Oriental ones, are referable to the 
name of the beloved disciple. It was therefore Hebrew and 
means in its present shape, "The Lord's grace," or in its old 
uncontracted form, Johanan, "Jehovah is gracious." In each 
country inquirers should try and find out to what particular 
John the sons in whom they are interested may be traced. In 
our case the Me, standing for mac, mic, mhic, M', M c and when 
aspirated, vac, vie, Vc, etc., points to a Scottish derivation first, 
but also in some instances to the north of Ireland. It will be 
noted that the small, hard c in Mac, became a capital K in this 
as in a great many other Gaelic names. 

McKean as a name can be traced through various spellings in 
at least two large historically known families, those of Ardnamur- 
chan and Glencoe, to their first progenitors, respectively Eoin 
Sprangaich, or John the Bold, toward the end of the i3th century ; 
and Iain Fraoch, or John of the Heather, in the very beginning 
of the 1 4th century; and we will try to devote a Section of the 
Notes to each of these Clans. There is also an Iain of the Clan 
Gunn, perhaps in the isth century, but as they were Norse or 
Manx in origin and translated their name later to Johnson, 
they need not be included in our Notes. Besides these, there is 
occasional mention in old books, of various spellings of the name 
in Scotland and elsewhere, the bearers of which cannot always 
be certainly connected with the two important branches; they 
have been grouped in a Fourth Section called "Other McKeans." 

That two or more Johns or lans should transmit their names 



8 INTRODUCTORY. 

to long lines of descendants, denotes that they must have been 
men of mark ; for, while a certain Angus, for instance, might be a 
Maclain, his son might be a MacAngus, and the Iain might 
disappear in the second generation ; or if there was a succession 
of Johns, as in the immediate descendants of Iain Fraoch, the 
name Maclain might persist in that family for a while; but here 
we have two notable Johns, owners of considerable land, hence 
they gave rise to families or clans of Maclains, further distin- 
guished by the name of their territory, one of Ardnamurchan, 
the other of Glencoe. 

In the line which we are tracing, there were, long ago, Mac 
Somerleds for a couple of generations, then certain of the descen- 
dants became MacDonalds for a couple more, after which most 
of the families continued to be MacDonalds, while tw r o at least, 
descended from the Johns in question, were first and compre- 
hensively MacDonalds, and secpnd and more specially Maclains, 
but some using both names indifferently, sometimes one brother 
calling himself Maclan and another calling himself MacDonald, 
and in some old books MacEan may be indexed MacDonald 
and vice versa. Certain families of MacDonald have called 
themselves MacKechin (sons of Hector?) or Darraghs (Oaks), 
and later in one notable case at least in the i8th century (that 
of the Duke of Tarentum), changing back to MacDonald, etc. 
Conversely, as mentioned in Stewart's Highlanders, a Scot might 
change the clan name to something entirely different, like 
Robertson of Straloch, the composer of "The Garb of Old Gaul," 
who took the name Reid (Red?) because the head of the family 
was always addressed as Baron Rua (Roy?), and the latter for 
the two-fold reason that the estate had once been erected into 
a barony, and the then holder had red hair. 

While there is a multitude of ways of spelling the name of Mc- 
Kean ( we take this for the standard as being that of the Signer 
of the Declaration of Independence, and therefore probably the 
best known form in the United States), there are at least three 
well recognized ways of pronouncing it: first, as if it was spelt 
McKane or McCain (both spellings occur as family names) ; 
second, as if spelt McKeen (which is frequently met with), and 
third, as if it is still, as it was hundreds of years ago, Maclan 
or MacEan, in three syllables and almost like McKeehan ( a 
spelling which is not uncommon). The last pronunciation is 



INTRODUCTORY. 9 

probably the oldest, certainly denotes the origin, and, unless 
McKane was also pronounced in three syllables (McKiain), is 
perhaps the most correct ; but it is hopeless outside of Scotland ; 
if it is tried on any one to whom the name must be given, he will 
probably ask you to spell it, and immediately say: "O you mean 
McKane," or McKeen, or something which you don't mean. 

Several authors in Scotland and elsewhere prefer to write the 
two names which concern us most, in the forms Macian and Mac- 
donald, and those spellings are generally followed through the 
following notes, in quotations; but, apart from being equivalent 
to writing John and Donald without capitals, it might lead an 
un-Gaelic outsider to pronounce the former name Mashan. 

The genealogist who restricts himself to the nineteenth century 
spelling of a name, will seldom go back many generations in his 
history, certainly not many centuries; for, even some time 
after the discovery of printing, the spelling of most names was 
a matter in which every man did that which was right in his 
own eyes; and when his friends and enemies wrote the name, 
they generally did so from the sound, and took strange liberties 
with it. On the other hand, the writer who includes every com- 
bination of letters which can be claimed to look or sound like 
the modern name, will probably err in the other direction. It 
is sometimes difficult to strike the happy mean, and the compiler, 
while omitting many examples which might be questioned, has 
thought it well to include others, even stray references to possible 
wanderers from home, and a few who are not McKeans except 
in a faint resemblance to the name, leaving it to the reader 
to ignore those which may be considered too far-fetched. Great 
care has been taken to follow the ever-varying old spellings of 
names and words, and the occasional absence of punctuation, 
though these will be pain and grief to the proof-reader. 

THE MANNER OF COMPILING, ETC. 

The only liberties taken with the original text, besides 
necessary selection from a large mass of possible material, have 
been the substitution now r and then, of a brief synopsis in modern 
language, for irrelevant matter in archaic form, or an abridg- 
ment made in later narratives, to save time and space. But 
few omissions or extenuations have been purposely made on 
the score of those possible progenitors who were not "unco guid." 



10 INTRODUCTORY. 

Over-sensitive McKeans can rest assured that quite as many 
peccadilloes or dark crimes can be brought to the charge of 
names more famous in story, if we go back far enough, not 
only in Scotland but in other countries; they should remember 
that the possession of land was a continual source of dispute 
and warfare; that flocks and herds seemed to belong to those 
who could capture and hold them; that property was almost 
looked upon as common by the law of nature, and that, among 
all sorts and conditions of men, from the laird to the gillie, some 
actions of a questionable nature from our present point of view, 
must be expected. As to the terms "traitor" and "rebel, "- 
they are sometimes titles of honor. 

There was too much fighting going on for modern ideas, be- 
cause each clan was against almost every other; the Highlanders 
were often against the Lowlanders; occasionally both were dis- 
satisfied with the King; sometimes all united against their grasp- 
ing Southern neighbor : these and other circumstances combined 
to make the Scots a fighting, turbulent and sometimes lawless 
people, but they were probably no worse than the average of 
their day, in fact, it has been remarked that highwaymen plied 
their trade in the suburbs of the very city of London, long after 
the Borders were comparatively safe. 

The Notes have been arranged according to date as nearly as 
could be conveniently done, though that method is disastrous to 
style, and may make continuous reading as uninteresting as a 
chronology or dictionary would be. 

The arrangement of the four genealogical charts is believed to 
be original, though the facts were obtained from several sources, 
chiefly Clan Donald] the compiler heard when too late for its 
examination, that Lang's History contains a chart of that Clan. 
To avoid folders the charts were reduced to the size of the page, 
making the lettering small: we trust that those readers who 
refer to the charts will be content to use a magnifying glass if 
necessary. 

It is hoped that the glossary will be found useful and fairly 
correct. 

The index is particularly full under the letters Mac, Mak, Me, etc. 

But without further explanation or apology for admitted errors 
of omission and commission, we will proceed to the subject, 
hoping that if we are honored with criticism, it will be lenient. 



BOOKS AND OTHER AUTHORITIES REFERRED 

TO. 



Account of Clan Maclean. By a 

Seneachie. 

Accounts of the Lord High Treas- 
urer of Scotland. 
Acta Dominorum Concilii. 
Acts of the Lords Auditors of Causes 

and Complaints. 

Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland. 
American Cyclopaedia. 
Annals. Hailes. 
Annals of Loch Ce. 
Ann. Ult. (Annals of Ulster). 
Athenaeum. (London). 
Baronage of Scotland. Sir Robert 

Douglas. 

Blackvvood's Magazine. 
Book of Clanranald. 
Border Clans. B. Homer Dixon. 
Bride of Lammermoor. Sir Walter 

vScott. 

British Chronologist. 
Calendar of State Papers. 
Calendarium Rotulorum Patentium. 
Canadian Magazine. 
Carew section of State Papers. 
Celtic Scotland. Skene. 
Century Dictionary. 
Chartularies of St. Mary's Abbey, 

Dublin. 

Chronica Majora. 
Chronica Rogeri de Hoveden. 
Chronicles of Scotland. Robert 

Lindsay of Pittscottie. 
Churchman (of New York). 
Clan Donald. Reverends A. Mac- 

donalds. 

Clanronald Family. 
Clans of the Scottish Highlanders 

Robert Ronald Maclan. 
Clans of the Scottish Highlands. 

James Logan 
Classical Dictionary. J. J. Lem. 

priere, D. D.. 
Coke upon Littleton. 
Court Hand Restored. Andrew- 
Wright. 



Crests. Fairbairn. 
Cromwell's Remembrances. 
Croniques . . . de la Grant Bre- 

tagne. Jehan de Waurin. 
Culloden Papers. 

Dictionary of National Biography. 
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 
Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL. D. 
Diplom. Regior. Indices. Tytler. 
Domesday Studies. Dove. 
Early Metrical Tales. Laing. 
Eccl. An'tiq. Reeves. 
Encyclopaedia Britannica. 
Essays on English Surnames. M. 

A. Lower. 

Exchequer Rolls of Scotland. 
Fair Maid of Perth. Sir Walter 

Scott. 

Finales Concordia?. 
Genealogical Collections. Macfar- 

lane. 
Genealogy, etc.. of Antient Scottish 

Surnames. William Buchanan. 
Genealogy of the McKean Family of 

Pennsylvania. Roberdeau Bu- 
chanan. 

General Armory. Burke. 
General Atlas of the World. Adam 

and Charles Black. 
Geography of the Clans. Johnston. 
Grameid. Heroic Poem. James 

Philip. 
Guide to Scotland. Adam and 

Charles Black. 

Highland Clans. J. S. Keltic. 
Highlanders and Highland Regi- 
ments. Stewart. 

Highlanders of Scotland. Skene 
Highlands of Scotland. Andrew 

Lang. 
Historical Account of lona. L. 

Maclean. 

Historical Notes. Tindal. 
History of England. T. B. Mac- 

aulay. 
History of Ireland. Keating. 



12 



BOOKS AND OTHER AUTHORITIES 



History of Scotland. Andrew Lang. 

History of Scotland. William Rob- 
ertson. 

History of Scotland. Tytler. 

History of the Camerons. Alex- 
ander Mackenzie. 

History of the Chisholms. Alex- 
ander Mackenzie. 

History of the Clan Gregor. ' 'Char- 
tulary. " A. G. M. MacGregor. 

History of the Clan MacLean. J. 
P. MacLean. 

History of the Highlanders and 
Clans. Browne. 

History of the Highlands. Skene. 

History of the Macdonalds. Mac- 
kenzie. 

History of the Western Highlands. 
Donald Gregory. 

Hundred Rolls. 

I nquisitionum ad Capellam Dom- 
ini Regis Retornatarum, etc. 

Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum 
Cancellariae Hiberniae asservatum 
Repertorium. 

Irish Pedigrees. O'Hart. 

Landed Gentry. Burke. 

Last Jacobite Rising. Terry. 

Last Macdonalds of Isla. Fraser- 
Mackintosh. 

Law Dictionary. Black. 

Legend of Montrose. Sir Walter 
Scott. 

Letters from the Mountains. Mrs. 
Annie Grant (of Liggan). 

Loyal Lochaber. W. D. Norie. 

Macdonalds of Sleat. Hugh Mac- 
donald. 

Macdonnels of Antrim. Hill. 

MacMillan's Magazine. 

Manual of Dates. George H . Towns- 
end. 

Martial Music of the Clans. 

Massacre of Glencoe. Poem. An- 
gus Macdonald. 

McKean Genealogies in America. 
Cornelius McKean. 



Memoirs of Lochiel. Maitland 
Club. 

Memoirs of the Lord Viscount Dun- 
dee. Jenner. 

Memoranda de Parliamento. 

Moidart, or Among the Clanran- 
alds. Rev. Charles MacDonald. 

MS. of Dean Munro, 1549. 

MSS., Woodrow's; 1450, 1700. 

Newspapers and periodicals. 

Notes and Queries. (English). 

Old and Rare Scottish Tartans. 
Donald William Stewart. 

Origines Parochiales Scotise. 

Paper Register of the Great Seal. 

Papistry Stormed, etc. Poem. 
Professor Tennant. 

Patronymica Britannica. M. A. 
Lower. 

Percy Reliques of Ancient Poetry. 

Pictorial History of Scotland. 
James Taylor. 

Pilgrim of Glencoe. Thomas Camp- 
bell. 

Pipe Music. Collection of Ancient 
Pibrochs. Angus McKay. 

Poetical Works. Robert Burns. 

Poetical Works. Thomas Moore. 

Poetical Works. Sir Walter Scott. 

Popish Families of Scotland. 

Proelium Gillecrankianum. Poem. 
Professor Kennedy. 

Record Interpreter. Chas. T. Mar- 
tin. 

Records of Argyll. Lord Archi- 
bald Campbell. 

Records of the Privy Council. 

Register of Decreet of Council and 
Session. 

Register of the Privy Council of 
Scotland. 

Register of the Privy Seal. 

Registrum Palatinum Dunelmense. 

Registrum Secreti Sigilli. 

Registrvm Magni Sigilli Regvm 
Scotorvm. 

Rob Roy and his Times. Macleay. 



REFERRED TO. 



Rob Roy. Sir Walter ScoU. 

Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum. 

Royal Letters. 

Scots in Eastern and Western Prus- 
sia. Th. A. Fischer. 

Scotland, Historic and Romantic. 
Maria Horner Lansdale. 

Scottish Clans and Tartans. W. 
and S. K. Johnston. 

Scottish Dictionary. Jamieson. 

Scottish Gael. James Logan. 

Sketch of the Highlanders. Gen- 
eral Stewart of Garth. 

Special Inquisitions. 

Standard Dictionary of the English 
Language. 

State Papers. 



Stewarts of Appin. 

Stories of Famous Songs. S. J. 
Adair Fitz-Gerald. 

Tales of a Grandfather. Sir Walter 
Scott. 

Tartans of the Clans of Scotland. 
James Grant. 

The Great Marquess. John Wilcox. 

Tour of the Hebrides. James Bos- 
well. 

Tripartite Life of St. Patrick. 

Vestiarum Scotiorum. Sir Richard 
Urquhart, Knycht. 

West of Scotland in History. Ir- 
ving. 

What is my Tartan ? Frank Adam . 

Widow of Glencoe. Aytoun. 



ILLUSTRATIONS, ETC. 



PAGE. 

Trophy of Arms, etc. ........ 15 

Chart I A . Early Ancestors. Conn to Somerled, Clan Cholla, etc. . 18 

Chart. I B . Clan Donald, nth to i6th century. The two lains. . 26, 27 

Seal of Reginald (2 views). . . . . . . . 29, 30 

Seal of Angus Mor of Isla. ........ 33 

Tombstone of Angus Og of Isla. ....... 35 

Seal (Galley) of Ardnamurchan. . . . . . . . 37 

Chart II. The Maclains of Ardnamurchan. ... 38 

Inverlochy Castle. ...... . . 39 

Tantallon Castle. ......... 40 

Ruined Keep of Ardthornish Castle. . . . . . . 41 

Dunaverty Castle Rock, Kintire. ...... 45 

Map of Mull, Glencoe, etc. ....... 52 

The Maclain Tombstone in lona. ...... 53 

Mapof position of Maclans, some MacDonalds, etc., in the i6th cent. . 70 

Mingarry Castle. (2 views) ........ 72 

lona Cathedral and St. Oran's Chapel. ...... 80 

Tombstone of the Last Maclains of Ardnamurchan. ... 82 

Trophy of Arms, etc. ... .... 84 

Chart III. The Maclans of Glencoe 89 

The river Coe, and view in Glencoe . . . . . . 100 

The Mackeane Tartan. . . . . . . , no 

Signatures of Dundee, Argyll and Dalrymple. . . . . 115 

Pass of Killicrankie. (2 views). ..... . 118 

Signature of Alexander MacDonald of Glencoe. ... 120 

The Pass of Glencoe and "The Three Sisters." (2 views). . . 128,129 

Scene of the Massacre of Glencoe. . . . . . . 131 

Memorial picture, "MacDonald of Glencoe." . . . . 133 

Sketch-map, Callender and Oban Railway. . . . . . 136 

Bridge of the Three Waters, Glencoe; and Buchael Etive. 

(2 views). . . . ... . . . . 141 

John MacDonald, XIII. of Glencoe. ... . 147 

Monogram on house in Glencoe. ...... 148 

Culloden Field and Monument. . . . . . . . 153 

Ewen MacDonald, XVII. of Glencoe. ... . 159 

Major Duncan Cameron MacDonald, XX. of Glencoe. . . . 159 

Macdonald's Monument, Glencoe. . . . . . . 161 

Trophy of Arms, etc. ........ 164 

Dunyvaig Castle, Islay. ...... . 168 

Isle Davaar and Campbeltown Loch. ...... 182 

Loch Ach-Treachtan, Glencoe. . . . . . . . 201 

Thomas McKean, The Signer. ....... 202 

Charter to Willielmus Maceoune, 1306? . . . . . 221 

The Glencoe Lament. (Music). ..... 225 226,227 

Arms, crests and mottoes of Glencoe and other MacDonalds. . . 229 



McKEAN HISTORICAL NOTES, 



BEING 



QUOTATIONS FROM HISTORICAL AND OTHER RECORDS. 



SECTION I. PROBABLE EARLY ANCESTORS. 




FROM LOGAN'S SCOTTISH GAELL 



A few thoughts about the really probable ancestors of the 
McKean-McDonalds and those who are supposed to have pre- 
ceded even them, may be acceptable. The subject has been 
handled at length and with much learning in the book Clan 
Donald, I., Chap. I., and we will try to present briefly a very 
small number of the facts mentioned therein. 

Archaeologists assert that they have discovered traces in Scot- 
land, of a prehistoric non-Aryan race, resembling the Iberians 
and Aquitani, representatives of the so-called Stone Age. After 
them came a Celtic Aryan race, the Gaidhels or Gaels, and still 



1 6 EARLY 4th cent. 

later, another Celtic Aryan race, the Britons. When the Romans 
came, they mentioned among other inhabitants the Caledonii and 
Picts, who remained unconquered. 

Several new races appeared afterwards, but the Scots of Dalriada 
concern us most, as they settled Islay, Mull and some of the 
Southern Isles, having come probably from the North of Ireland. 
In the beginning of the 6th century Ere, king of Dalriada died, 
leaving three sons, Fergus, Lorn and Angus ; Lorn occupying the 
district afterwards named after him, as well as most of Argyle, 
while Angus acquired Islay and Jura. The question of suc- 
cession caused civil wars, and Scottish history is dim for three 
centuries and dark in the gth, but Angus MacFergus, King of 
Ulster, had subdued the Dalriads; the Danes and Norwegians 
invaded the islands and coasts, and the latter people under 
Harold Harfager the Fair-haired, made settlements; treaties 
were concluded in which the rulers of the west of Scotland pur- 
chased some of the islands, but the Vikings left traces of them- 
selves among the Highland people and in the place-names, 
while the language was unaffected. 

In the loth and nth centuries the name Alban came to be 
recognized for part of what is now Scotland, and soon after, 
the name Scotia came into being. English influence of various 
kinds began to be felt under Malcolm Canmore, then for a while 
all foreigners were banished, until David I. in the i2th century 
introduced a Norman baronetage and a new feudal system. 

Having hastily glanced at the earlier history of Scotland, 
we have arrived at the period when the Clan Donald is about 
to appear, and the question has been debated whether Somer- 
led, the founder of the Family of the Isles, was of Norse, Pictish 
(and therefore ancient Celtic), Scoto-Irish or foreign Gael origin. 
The authors of the work we have already quoted from, are con- 
vinced that the Clan Donald are descended from the Dalriadic 
stock of Argyle (I., 28). Before the clan was known by the 
name Donald, it was called the Clan Cholla, tracing back to 
Colla Uais, a King of Ireland in the 4th century, and earlier 
still, we have a few names until we reach an eminent supreme 
Irish King, Conn Ceud-Chathach, who lived in the 2nd century. 

We will first endeavor to give a suggestion for a genealogical 
chart I A , of the Early Ancestors, based chiefly upon statements 
in various shapes to be found in Clan Donald, supplemented 



2nd cent. ANCESTORS. 17 

by notes from several other sources, put together we fear, with 
more pains than skill or correctness, but which must 'serve for 
the present. The second chart, I B ,is reinforced by scraps of infor- 
mation in foot-notes and otherwise, about some of the persons 
mentioned, and is brought down late enough to include the two 
lains or Johns who concern the McKeans ; also some other people 
either as progenitors of certain clans or for various reasons. 
Other charts follow, carrying on the two Mac Ian families as far 
in both directions as the compiler has been able to obtain notes 
for the purpose. 

It is not pretended that any American family of McKean can 
be certainly traced hereby ; the utmost hoped for is that living 
descendants of Glencoe or other Maclans or MacDonalds, who 
have family records or traditions by which they can fill the 
gaps between their remotest known ancestor and some name 
on one of the later charts, may be reasonably confident that 
they can make up an unbroken line for nearly 1800 years. 

After giving some data in Vol. I., whereby the ancestors o f 
Colla Uais might be traced back about two hundred years, the 
compilers of Clan Donald begin the Genealogy of The Lords of 
the Isles in Vol. III., 173-184, with Colla himself; this is the 
more strange, as they call attention to the error of Sennachies 
who drop several generations. We will take the liberty of restor- 
ing some names and of heading our chart with Conn in the 2nd 
century, and call attention to the notes on the chart, showing 
the authorities and the manner in which the first list consisting 
of eighteen ancients was made up. But this is not the only 
difficulty: in trying to construct a new and extended genea- 
logical list, with an accompanying chart, two instances are found 
in which names are given of men who succeeded and reigned, 
and yet are not set down in the Clan Donald Genealogy ; and on 
the other hand, at least one name is retained in that Genealogy, 
with the statement that the man bearing it did not succeed 
to the sovereignty. No doubt the apparent discrepancies arise 
from the intention to recognize the line of Dalriada, while noting 
interferences only by the line of Lorn and vice versa. Taking 
the total of 23 names, and dividing it into 975, the years from 
125 to noo A. D., will give the large average of 42.4 years for 
each "reign," justifying the remark that some of the rulers 
must have lived to almost patriarchal age. 



18 



EARLY 



2nd-i2th cent. 




In the 2nd century of our era, there is said to have flourished 
the celebrated Irish King, Conn Ceud-Chathach, whose name has 
been classicized into Constantinus Centimachus, later Anglicized 
into "Conn of the Hundred Battles." He is said to have been 
ruler over "Conn's half," and later supreme King of Ireland 
"in Tara's Halls," and to have been one of the greatest heroes 
of antiquity. Some genealogists who have few misgivings 



ist~4thcent. ANCESTORS. 19 

about the misty past, have connected the descent of the Clan 
Donald, and through them the McKeans, with the mighty fighter 
Conn or Cond, from whom the province Connaught derives 
its name. 

McKeans who are not "satiate" with the antiquity of Conn, 
whose date has been given as 125 and 165 A. D., may be referred 
to his grandfather Tuathal, surnamed "the Legitimate." He 
is said to have led the free clans or Scots* in a combination 
against the servile classes, and to have founded a kind of feudal 
system which ruled Ireland for a while. He also formed Meath 
("the middle"), the central county of Ireland, from portions of 
the four provinces, in order to supply the table of the over-king. 
(Encyclopaedia Britannica, article Ireland, from which source 
some of these early notes are drawn.) 

The successors of Conn were Art or Arthur, 212-220 A. D., 
giving a very long reign for Conn if the figures are correct, and 
Cormac, 254-277, the latter of whom had sent a fleet across "the 
plain of the sea," and obtained sovereignty of Alba or Scotland 
about 240; each ruler had several names or titles; it may be 
noted that there is already a gap between reigns. Then came 
three brothers who carved out principalities or "sword-lands" 
for themselves; each brother had a first name Cairpre, but the 
one on our list was known as Liffeacher from the river Liffey, 
near which he was nursed, and acquired territory in Antrim, 
Ireland, called Dal Riata, a name which still survives in the 
local title "the Route;" this Cairpre or some of his successors 
also acquired lands in Scotland. He was slain by his nephews 
the three Collas, a name thought to be given them because they 
were rebellious, and to mean a strong man. After the rule of 
Eochach, one of the Collas, named Uais or "the Noble," became 
king about 327, and we will now generally follow the book Clan 
Donald, III., 173-179. 

Few particulars are known about this celebrated ancestor 
Colla Uais or Uathais; but among other things he is claimed 
to be either the fifth or the eighth in descent from the famous 
Conn, and to have been one of the sons of Eochaid or Ochaius 
Dubhlin, King of Ireland, and of a Scottish princess Aileach, 
"a mild, true woman, modest, blooming," etc., and daughter of 

*Some titles have been transferred; the present Irish were the Scots of 
old times, the Scots were Albans and the men of Albion were Britons 



20 EARLY 4th 6th cent. 

Uhdaire, King of Alba. Colla Uais is said to have lived fifteen 
years in Scotland, to have reigned only four years and to have died 

in 337- 

Eochaidh, spelt in various ways, and latinized into Ochaius, 
was the son of Colla and succeeded him. Art, Arthur or Cartan 
followed, also known as Crimthand of Munster and otherwise, 
but with all his names some of the Annals omit him altogether. 
He was the father of Ere or Eric, mentioned early in this Section 
as having three sons, Fergus, Lorn and Angus, all of whom settled 
in Scotland or the Isles, after receiving the blessings of Saint 
Patrick in their former home. 

Here we will make a short digression : in the 5th century, it is 
mentioned in the Tripartite Life of S. Patrick, that the Saint 
came into the district of Calrige, and baptized (baptizauit) . . . 
Caichan. . .and the latter offered Caichan's fifth part to God 
and to Patrick; the boundaries of the land are given. . . 
It is also mentioned that a lady "of the race of Caichan took 
the veil from Patrick," etc. If ch is silent, as in Conchobar, 
McConachie, etc., these Caichans were possibly the ancestors 
of the O'Cahans and O'Canes, Keans, Keens, etc., mentioned 
incidentally in Buchanan's Genealogy of the McKean Family. 

Resuming: The three brothers, sons of Ere, landed in Arygle 
in 466, and Ere is said to have died in 502. Fergus, one of the 
brothers, is called Mor, the great or first. He is said in the Ency- 
clopaedia Britannica, to have founded a new Dalriata, known 
as Airer Gtfedel, now Argyle, ultimately developed into the 
Kingdom of Scotland, appropriating the name of the mother 
country, or at least that which was its Latin name [the inhabitants 
of Ireland being originally called Scots]. 

At this point we come to a great difference in the lists, for, 
whereas the names in Vol. I. of Clan Donald give about 18 num- 
bsrs, the Genealogy in Vol. III. gives 23 names, by inserting 
several between two Ferguses, said above to have been dropped 
by the preservers of traditions. 

Domangart, son of Fergus, held the sovereignty three years 
only and died in 505. He was succeeded by Comgall his eldest 
son, who died in 538 [and does not appear in any of the lines], 
but Gauran or Godfrey his brother succeeded him [and was the 
progenitor of the line from which Clan Donald sprang]. 

Gauran wielded the sceptre over the Dalriads for twenty-two 



6th 8th cent. ANCESTORS. 21 

years, and died in 560. Conall or Donal, the son of Comgall, 
succeeded his uncle Gauran, reigned sixteen years, died about 
574 [and is apparently not in either list]. 

Aidan or Hugh, the son of Gauran, next succeeded. He held 
the principality for thirty-eight years, and died in 606. He 
had a brother named Evvan, whose son was Rigullan. 

Ethach or Eocha of the yellow locks, son of Aidan, assumed the 
sovereignty over the Dalriads and died in 623. He had a brother 
named Conan, and sons Conan Cearr Bran, Domangart, Eochfinn, 
Arthur and Failbhe. 

Donald Brec, the son of Ethach Buidhe, took the sceptre, 
neither as the immediate successor of his father, nor of his elder 
brother Conan (in power for three months), but as immediate 
successor to Fearchar, son of Ewen, of the race of Lorn, who 
reigned for sixteen years. Donald died after reigning either 
five or fourteen years. He was succeeded by Conal or Donal, 
son of Duncan, and grandson of Conal (already mentioned), 
son of Comgall of the race of Fergus. Domgall, also of the 
race of Lorn, reigned over that race at the same time. Conal 
died in 660. Donald Duinn, his son, succeeded, and Maold- 
uinn, his brother, succeeded him. The former reigned thirteen 
and the latter seventeen years. They had a brother named 
Conn. Ferchar Fada reigned over Argyle after Donald Brec; 
was of the Lorn race, and died in 697, after reigning twenty- 
one years. 

Domangart, the son of DDnald Brec, did not succeed to the 
sovereignty [yet his name appears to be in this line] His 
brother Catasaigh, also died young. 

Ethach or Eocha Rineval, son of Domangart, succeeded to 
the throne after the death of Fearcher Fada, for two years. 
The son of Fearcher took up the sceptre after his death, and 
Selvach, another son of the same, succeeded Ainceallach. Dun- 
can, a descendant of Fergus, by Comgall, next succeded. He 
died in 721. 

Ethach, son of the above, assumed the government in 726 and 
died in 733. During his son's minority, Muireadach, the son 
of Ainceallach, was sovereign prince for a short time, and was 
succeeded by Ewen, his son. 

Aidan or Hugh, the fair son of Eacha of the steeds, succeeded. 
He held the power thirty years and died in 778, 



22 EARLY 8th cent. 

It must have been in this reign that St. Regulus or Rule brought 
certain relics of St. Andrew to the northeast coast of Scotland, 
"under orders delivered by an angel to found a church wher- 
ever his ship should be wrecked. This event happening near 
the present harbor of St. Andrews, and the King of the Picts 
receiving him kindly, the church was forthwith founded, and 
St. Peter, hitherto the national saint, was deposed, and St. Andrew 
put in his stead, 731-747". (Lansdale's Scotland, Historic and 
Romantic, II., 164.) Who will gainsay this, except that Fife- 
shire is hardly on the N. K- coast of Scotland? 

Fergus, the son of Aidan or Aodhfin (fair-haired), next suc- 
ceeded. He reigned three years, and during and after his son's 
minority the sceptre was held by Selvach2nd of the race of Lorn, 
for twenty-four years. Eocha Anfhuinn (weak), the son of 
Aidan, followed, reigned thirty years, and after him Dungal, 
the son of Selvach, swayed the sceptre for seven years. Eocha 
or Ochaius established the throne by his marriage with Urgusia, 
daughter of the Pictish sovereign, an alliance which enabled his 
grandson Kenneth MacAlpin, afterwards to claim and acquire 
the Pictish sceptre in right of his grandmother. The descendants 
of Ethach kept firm hold of the Dalriadic sceptre to the exclusion 
of the offspring of Fergus, and enabled them to extend the whole 
of Caledonia without extirpating the Picts as asserted by his- 
torians. Ethach was succeeded by Alpin, and Alpin by Kenneth, 
who removed the seat of his court from the western coast of 
Argyle to the interior. [From Dunnad on L,och Criman (?) to 
Scone, near Perth.] The descendants of Fergus in the West 
owned "Argayl" and some of the Isles, and are named as follows: 

Maine, or Eacime ; his son was : 

Godfrey, whose daughter was the wife of Kenneth MacAlpine, 
and who was Toshach* of the Isles. 

The Danes ravaged the coasts of Scotland and of the Isles 
towards the end of the 8th century, about the period we have 
reached, and it may be interesting to note what is given as the 
origin of the Thistle of Scotland. "The Danes thought it 
cowardly to attack an enemy by night, but on one occasion 

*Toshach or Toisech was a Scottish officer immediately under the maor- 
mor: the latter was the hereditary magistrate and administrator of a certain 
territory: first a tributary king. (Standard Dictionary), Military leader, 
distinct from hereditary chief, (Clan Donald. I., 419). 



loth cent. ANCESTORS. 23 

deviated from their rule. On they crept, barefooted, noise- 
lessly and unobserved, when one of the men set his foot on a 
thistle, which made him cry out. The alarm was given, the 
Scotch fell upon the night-party, and defeated them with terrible 
slaughter. Ever since the thistle has been adopted as the insignia 
of Scotland, with the motto: Nemo me impune lacessit" [No 
one attacks me with impunity].* (Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase 
and Fable} . 

Returning to dry names, the son and successor of Godfrey 
was: 

Nialgus, or Neill ; his son was : 

Suibne, or Swyffine ; his son w r as : 

Mearrdha, latinized Marcus; and Hailes in his Annals states 
that Kenneth, King of the Scots; Malcolm, King of the Cambri, 
and Marcus, King of the Isles, entered into a bond of treaty for 
mutual assistance and defence in the year 973. This shows that 
Lords of the Isles existed before Somerled's time. 

To prove this last fact more in detail, and to relieve the dulness 
of the list of names, we will insert the following : 

The Latin Chronica Rogeri de Ho-veden (in four volumes) relates 
that in 973, King Edgar of England sailed around Britain, and 
among others who did homage to him were "Kinath scilicet 
rex Scottorum, Malcolmus rex Cumbrorum, Maccus plurimarum 
rex insularum, et alii quinque, scilicet Dufnal [Donald], Siferth, 
Hurald, Jacob [James], Juchil . . . "This mention of a Mac, 
king of the greater part of the Isles in the loth century, is inter- 
esting, because it is generally supposed that the title "Lord of 
the Isles" was not assumed until four hundred years after, by 
John MacDonald, and yet Roger de Hoveden writes this in the 
1 2th century. It can hardly refer to a different aggregation of 
islands, for, in another reference to the "eight kings who rowed 
King Eadgar on the Dee," Matthew of Paris in the Chronica 
Majora (seven volumes in Latin, written in the i3th century), 
mentions "Maccus of Man," called by others "King of the Isles; 
and history states Harold I. placed Orkney, Shetland, the 

*We have tried to work out a design for our cover, embodying conven- 
tional thistles in form of St. Andrew's cross, for Scotland; flanked by sham- 
rocks for Ireland; anchors for the seafaring Ardnamurchans as well as for 
the "Good Hope" that all McKeans should have; the whole surrounded by 
the Stars beneath which so many Scotsmen and Irishmen have found home 
and prosperity. 



24 EARLY 1 1 th and 1 2th cent. 

Hebrides and the Isle of Man under Norwegian government in 
the nth century, apparently grouped together. (Encyc. Brit., 
article Hebrides.} O'Hart in Irish Pedigrees, states that the 
MacDonnells and McDonalds intermarried with these [?] Nor- 
wegian earls. Before leaving the above entry, it may be stated 
that the king of the Scots was evidently Kenneth II., and that 
the land of the Cumbreae of King Malcolm comprised what is 
now Argyle, Ayrshire, etc. 

To return to the genealogy; the son of Mearrdha was: 

Solaim, Solan or Sella, whose son and heir in the Lordship of 
Argyle and the Isles was : 

Gilledomnan. It was during the lifetime of this chief that the 
Western Isles of Scotland were completely subjugated by the 
Norsemen. 

In the nth century, Gilledomnan "servant of (St.) Adamnan, " 
grandfather of Somerled, held sway over a considerable portion 
of Argyle, and his daughter became the wife of Harold Gillies, 
one of the Kings of Norway, but Gilledomnan was finally driven 
from his territories by the Scandinavians and retired to Ireland, 
where he devoted himself to pious duties. His son Gillebride 
made ineffectual attempts to recover his inheritance. (Abridged 
from Clan Donald I., 36, 37.) 

Gilledomnan was succeeded by 

Gillebride or Gilbert, * who is mentioned by the first Highland 
genealogist as "rig eilean Shidir," that is, King of the Sudereys 
or Southern Isles. His daughter was the wife of Wymund Mac- 
Heth, Earl of Moray. He derived another Gaelic title from 
living in a cave in Morvern when depressed in fortune. From 
him are said to have descended, besides the Clan Donald and 
Clan Dougall, etc., the Maclachlans, MacKwin of Otter, and 
others. His son was Somerled rex insularum, or, as he is 
known in Highland tradition, Somhairle Mor Mac Gillebhride. 

In the 1 2th century, Somerled, "the terror of the Norsemen 
and the Achilles of his race," displayed his "immense force of 
character, high military talents, great energy and ambition . . . 
with . . .political sagacity and prudence." After a great 
defeat he achieved a signal victory over the Scandinavian host, 
drove out the Norsemen, assumed the title of Thane or Regulus 

*It is a trifle, but Gilliebride is Gaelic and means Servant of (Saint) Brid- 
get, while Gilbert is Teutonic for Bright pledge, 



1 2th cent. ANCESTORS. 25 

of Argyll, and was about to carry the war against the Isle of Man 
and other Isles when Olave (the Swarthy), King of Man, gave 
him his daughter Ragnhildis (or Effrica) under reman tic circum- 
stances (in 1135)- A battle between Godred the son of Olave, 
and Somerled, was followed by a treaty of peace, and all of the 
"islands south of the point of Ardnamurchan, along with Kintyre, 
came into the possession of" Somerled. But two years after, 
war broke out again and the latter captured the Isle of Man, and 
still later waged a war with Malcolm IV. of Scotland, who had 
threatened his subversion: at first Somerled was successful and 
peace was established between them in 1157, and which lasted 
about seven years. Upon the renewal of the war, and when 
Somerled, with some 15,000 men from Ireland, Argyle and the 
Isles, and 164 galleys sailed up the Clyde to Greenock, he seems 
to have been assassinated with his son at Renfrew in 1164 ("he, 
and his swne bath was Left dede slayne in to that plas"), his 
army dispersed, and the Celts began to give way to the increasing 
power of the Gaels and of feudal institutions. "The dust of 
the 'mighty Somerled' reposed within the sacred precincts of 
the monastery" of Saddell, the ruins of which, together with a 
view of the Castle, are shown in Clan Donald, from which work, 
(I, 41-54) most of these particulars are taken. The Castle is a 
"large, square battlemented tower still in a state of perfect 
preservation." Though out of chronological order, it may 
be mentioned here that it was in Saddell that Angus Og, Lord 
of the Isles, first received Bruce; but "As Barber informs us, 
Angus Og took his royal guest for greater security to the Castle 
of Dunaverty, another Kintyre stronghold, and residence of 
the Lord of the Isles : 

'And for mair sekyrness gaiff him syne 
His Castle of Donaverdyne. ' " 

1163 or 64 is given by various authorities as the date of the 
death of Somerled of Argyle, and as he is spoken of as the founder 
of the dynasty of the Lords of the Isles, a few words may be devoted 
to him in this place, and a brief sketch of his immediate descend- 
ants will be given presently, although some of the latter are 
referred to again, under their appropriate dates. His name in 
the Norse language was Somerled, in Gaelic Somhairle, meaning 
Samuel, and he was also known as Sorley, a name of some note 
afterwards in Ireland. From Clan Donald I., 53, etc., and other 



26 



EARLY 



i ith-i6th cent. 




sources, we cull the following details. "Somerled, King of the 
Isles and Argyle, 'the Sleat historian tells us, was a well-tem- 
pered man, in the body shapely, of a fair piercing [blue] eye, 
O f middle stature and of quick discernment.' [Another writer 
calls him in La tin "Pirate, and most famous robber"]. He 



nth- 1 6th cent. 



ANCESTORS. 



27 




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id 14 J ^N *?if H 

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> 



was the paternal grandfather of Donald, the progenitor of the Mac- 
Donald y, founded a family which played no ignoble part in Scottish 
history, and is said to have had either three or four sons: 
Reginald, his successor; Dugall, from whom came Lorn, the 
MacDaugals, etc. ; Angus, who with his three sons was killed 
in 1 210, and so his male line became extinct; and, according to 



28 EARLY 1 3th and 1 4th cent. 

some, Olave. "Reginald, son of Somerled, married Fonia, 
daughter of the Earl of Moray. Their issue: Donald," afore- 
mentioned and who ' 'married a daughter of Walter, High Steward 
of Scotland. Their issue: Angus Mor MacDonald, who succeeded 
to the Lordship of the Isles, married and had issue : Alexander 
his successor, Angus Og, and John or Ian Sprangaich, progenitor 
of the MacDonalds or Maclains of Ardnamurchan. After the 
death of Alexander, Angus Og succeeded his brother in 1308, 
'both in his lands and in the chief ship of the clan.' He married 
Anna or Agnes, a daughter of Conbuidh O'Cathan or O'Kane ; 
their eldest son John, who became Lord of the Isles [and has 
been called 'First Lord'] married first, Euphemia or Amy 
Macruari; their son Reginald was ancestor of the Clanranald 
MacDonalds. John, son of Angus married second, 'Lady Mar- 
garet, daughter of Robert II., now reigning king of Scotland.' 
'Donald the eldest son by the second marriage, of John of Isla, 
succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles to the exclusion of the 
eldest surviving son of the first marriage, and was ancestor of 
the MacDonnells of Isla, and the MacDonnells of Antrim, Ireland. 
John [or Iain] Fraoch, son of Angus Og MacDonald, was the 
progenitor of the MacDonalds of Glencoe, patronymically known 
as Maclans, or as it is now written : MacKean, McKean, McKeen, 
McKane, McCain, McKeon, and in various other forms." A 
graphic view of the above and other relationships may be ob- 
tained from Chart I B , of these Notes. 

Reginald, "King of the Isles," and son of Somerled, died in 
1207. Confusion has sometimes arisen in the early history of 
the Isles, as to which son was the older in this case, Reginald 
or Dugall, because the rule of primogeniture was not followed, 
and lands were often "ga veiled" or divided among the male 
members of a family. The seal of Reginald, shown herewith, 
"adhibited to his charter to Paisley Abbey is thus described: 
' In the middle of the seal on one side a ship filled with men-at- 
arms ; on the reverse side the figure of an armed man on horse- 
back with a sword drawn in his hand.'" (Clan Donald, I., 60, 
61, 66, from Orig. Par. Scot.). Both sides are presented. 

Donald of the Isles, grandson of Somerled, died before 1249, 
after having, as is reported, made a pilgrimage to Rome to obtain 
absolution for deeds which, even in the i3th century and in 
Scotland, were considered those of violence; in return for abso- 



1^92-1308 ANCESTORS. 29 

lution he enriched the Church with valuable gifts of land. (Clan 
Donald I., 71, 72, etc.). 

In 1292 there is a version in Old French, of a document in 
which "Alisaundre des Isles fuiz Anegus fuiz Douenald" swears 
on the Holy Evangels to maintain "la pees" of Scotland and 
especially "des Ylles;" for at that time his alliance by marriage 




with the family of Lorn, and associations with the English interest 
made him "take the part of England in the efforts to accomplish 
the conquest of Scotland;" in 1295 he is called Alexandrum de 
Hyle, and about 1297 he held the office of Admiral of the Western 
Isles under the English crown; in 1308 he was fighting against 
Bruce, was taken prisoner and died very soon after. (Adapted 
from Clan Donald, I., Appendices). 



EARLY 



1292-94 



A safe conduct was granted to "Angus MacDonald, 'Lord' of 
the Isles, and to Alexander his son/' both mentioned above, *"in 
1292 at "Berewyke super Twedam." In the same year "King 
John Balliol ordered Alexander of Argyle and his baillies of 
Lochaw to summon Sir Angus, the son of Donald, and others to 
do him homage within fifteen days after Easter, wheresoever he 




might be in Scotland. Though his citation was repeated in 1293, 
Angus Mor of Isla seems to have given no response . . . the 
year of his death cannot be exactly determined [but is supposed 
to be about 1 294] ... he was buried at Columkill the sacred 
storehouse of his predecessors, and guardian of their bones." 
(Adapted from Clan Donald, I., Appendices, also p. 84). 



1301-14 ANCESTORS. 31 

As to Angus Og, son of Angus Mor MacDonald of Isla, in 1301 
he was at first zealous as his brother Alexander in helping the 
English, and in his letter to Edward I., reproduced in Clan Donald, 
he superscribes himself as his "humble and faithful Engus de 
Yle," states that he is awaiting orders, and promises, God helping, 
to destroy the enemies of the most noble man and most excellent 
lord the King. 

"Angus, fifth in descent from Somerled, was a faithful and 
uncompromising friend of Robert Bruce in his attempt to 
free his native land from the harsh grasp of England. He shel- 
tered this monarch, after the disastrous defeat at Methven, in 
his castle at Dunaverty, August, 1306." (History of the Clan 
MacLeari). And he did so "at a time when his [Bruce's] for- 
tunes were most depressed and his prospects of success least 
hopeful." (Clan Donald I., 93). This is well, but the reasons 
are not clearly known why Angus Og changed sides after 1301. 

From the History of Clan MacLean and other sources we 
gather that 1314 was the date of Bannockburn, fought on "Mon- 
day, June 24. It was at this battle that the power of the English 
Edwards was broken, and the sovereignty of Scotland once more 
recognized. Robert Bruce's army consisted of thirty thousand 
men, while that of Edward has been estimated at over one hun- 
dred thousand . . . The Scottish army was arranged in a line 
consisting of three square columns . . . The reserve, composed 
of the men of Argyle, Carrick, Kintyre, and the Isles, formed 
the fourth line of battle, and was commanded by Bruce in person. 
In this reserve were five thousand Highlanders, under twenty- 
one different chiefs, commanded by Angus Og MacDonald, father 
of John, first Lord of the Isles," and of Iain or John Fraoch . . . 
Before the attack, Bruce is thought to have made an address 
similar to that immortalized by Burns in the lines beginning : 

' 'Scots wha h'ae wi' Wallace bled, 
Scots whom Bruce has often led, 
Welcome to your gory bed, 
Or to victory. " 

"After the battle was fully on, Bruce brought up the whole of 
his reserve, which completely engaged the four battles of the 
Scots in one line . . . Step by step the Scots gained ground, 
and fortunately, in a critical moment, the camp followers, desir- 
ing to see the battle, appeared over the hill, and were taken by 



32 EARLY 1314-29 

the English for Scotch re-inforcements. Immediately dismay 
spread through the English ranks, which, the Scots noticing, 
made a fearful onslaught, which broke the English army into 
disjointed squadrons. The flight at once became general." . . . 
It will be remembered that Scott gives the supposed words of 
Bruce at the supreme instant : 

"One effort more and Scotland's free! 
Lord of the Isles, my trust in thee 

Is firm as Ailsa rock; 
Rush on with Highland sword and targe, 
I with my Carrick spearmen charge ; 

Now forward to the shock!" 

As a reward for the great services of Angus Og, "Bruce con- 
ferred upon him, in 1314, the Lordship of Lochaber forfeited 
by the Comyns, and the lands of Duror and Glencoe, and the 
islands of Mull, Jura, Coll and Tiree, which had belonged to the 
family of Lorn" (History of the Clan MacLeari). Logan's Clans 
of the Scottish Highlands relates that the MacDonalds, who were 
always eager to take on themselves "the first press and dint of 
the battle, received from King Robert Bruce at Bannockburn, 
the honour of taking position on the right of the army, and they 
were ever most jealous of this privilege, alleging that no engage- 
ment could be successful if it were overlooked, and they adduce 
the defeats of Harlaw and Culloden (1411 and 1746) as striking 
instances of this truth. Holding this position in the Scottish 
armies they have performed prodigies of valour." 

"Angus Og married Margaret or Agnes, a daughter of Guy or 
Conbuidh O'Cathan or O'Kane, one of the greatest barons of 
Ulster, Lord of Limvady, and Master of the whole County of Derry. 
The O'Cathans were originally a branch of the Cinel Eoghain, 
descended from Neil of the nine hostages, King of Ireland [about 
379] . . . The lady's portion took the form of one hundred and 
forty men out of every surname in O'Cathan's territory . . . 
(Clan Donald, I., 100). 

Angus MacDonald, called Angus Og, i. e., the Younger, [his 
father being Angus Mor, i. e., the Older] died in Islay about 
1329 or '30. The pictures of his interesting tomb 

" .... in lona's piles 
Where rest from mortal coil the Mighty of the Isles," 

and of his father's seal, are copied from ClanDonald, I., 102. The 
biorlin or galley is a notable feature in both figures, and the 



1248-133 



ANCESTORS. 



33 



interlacings which form the continuation of the animals' tails 03 
the tombstone, are characteristic of the Celtic (and Gaelic?) 
schools of decoration; the triplication of the letter i in "Filiii" 
is a curious slip of the chisel in the epitaph: "Hie jacet corpus 
Angusii filiii Domini Angusii Mac Domhnill de Ila." 




TOMBSTONE OF ANGUS OG OF ISLA 

LORD OF THE ISLES, OB. 1330. 

Inscription. 

Hie jacet corpus Angusii filii Domini 
Angusii Mac Domhnill de Ila. 




SEAL OF ANGUS MOR OF ISLA I 248-94. 

Legend. 
SR. ENGUS DE YLE FILII DOMNALDI. 



Having touched upon the earlier ancestors of the Maclains , 
and having reached the two Johns who immediately concern us, 
we will proceed to the other Sections, and hope they will be found 
less tedious than the first. 



SECTION II. MAC!AINS OF ARDNAMURCHAN. 




From Clan Dcnald II.. 144. 

This once important sept of the great Clan MacDonald obtained 
its local title frcm the territory of Ardnamurchan about mid- 
way on the outer west coast of Scotland, the name meaning in 
Celtic "The promontory by the great ocean." The nature of 
the country made hardy hillmen of the inhabitants, and as it 
was nearly surrounded by water they also became bold mariners, 
and the fact that the Norsemen settled to the north and south 
as well as in the outlying islands, brought them into fighting 
condition. 

The authors of Clan Donald, II., 145 et seq., state that the 
district was referred to by Adamnan, Abbot of lona, in the jth 
century as "the rough and very rocky region which is called 
Ardamuirchol." Also that when the district of Lorn was erected 
into a sheriffdom by King John Baliol in 1292, it included the 
lands of Ardenmuirich, the first reference to them in any public 
record. Moreover, that in 1309, Robert Bruce granted a charter 
of Ardnamurchan with other lands to Angus Og MacDonald. 
Finally, and this concerns the McKeans, Angus Og bestowed 
Ardnamurchan and Sunart, together consisting of 87,753 Scotch 
acres, on his brother Eoin or Iain Sprangach, or John the Bold, 
always recognized by the bards who kept the traditions, as the 
progenitor of the Maclain family afterwards spelling their name 



i4th-iyth cent. ARDNAMURCHAN. 35 

in various ways, but gradually approaching the modern ones. 
A few facts relating to Angus Og are given in the Section refer- 
ring to Early Ancestors. 

Before coming to the genealogical chart and detailed account 
of the Ardnamurchan family, it may be interesting to compare 
two short, partial lists of the chiefs of the clan. The older one 
is quaint and free from punctuation, and is by Dean Munro of 
the Isles, about 1549 (?) ; it is quoted in Genealogy, etc., of Ancient 
Scottish Surnames by William Buchanan of Auchmar. The 
Dean says: "Heir followis The Genealogies of the Chieff Clans 
of the lies; Collected by me Sir Donald Monro Heigh Dean of 
of the lies. . . .Clan Ean of Ardnamorachin, the fourte house 
of the Clan Donald. Alexander M' Donald Donaldi M'Ean Jo- 
hannis M'Aloir Alexandri M' Angus M'Ean Achechterwache 
M' Angus Moire, who was the lord of the lies, and him I impe 
to the tree." The other list is from The Last Macdonalds of 
Isla, which says: "The following pedigree is merely tentative 
as I have no particulars to verify a complete table .... The 
. . names are found, but the descent was not always by 
father and son." 

Angus Moire lord of the Isles. Angus Mor of Isla. 

John Achechterwache (son of An- i . John, younger son of the above. 

gus.) 2. Angus 1342. 

Angus M'Ean (son of John). 3. 

4- 

5. Alexander 1448-78 

Alexander M'Angus. 6. John 1494-1519. 

7. Alexander 1530-45. 

8. John 1588. 

John M'Aloir (son of Alexander). 9. John pig 1596. 

Donald M'Ean (son of John). 10. John vie Allister 1602-11. 

1 1. Allister : . . . . : . . . . 1622-29 

Alexander M' Donald (son of Donald 
M'Ean). 

Between the rival claimants Bruce and Baliol, England took 
possession of Scotland for a while. 

I. IAIN espoused the cause of Baliol and was granted more 
lands, afterwards confirmed to him by Edward I. of England; 
the English King also advanced him to the dignity of Baron of 
the Exchequer* of England, and he became one of the magnates 
sworn in Parliament to treat of affairs in Scotland; was further- 
more appointed Justice of the Lothian and to other offices, from 

*The treasury, called exchequer . . . from the checked cloth . . . 
which covers the table there, according to Blackstone. 



MACIAINS OF 



I3th-i7th cent. 



which, as the Reverends Macdonalds write : "it appears that John 
Sprangach possessed no mean share of the undaunted spirit and 
bold activity which characterized the conduct of his ancestors, 
and in him we have a worthy progenitor of a family destined to 
play a not unimportant part in the history of the Highlands." 




I34I~ I 4 11 ARDNAMURCHAN. 37 

II. ANGUS, the son of the above, and therefore the first Mac- 
Iain, possessed Ardnamurchan in 1341 by charter from David 
Bruce, and later under his cousin John the Good, Lord of the 
Isles, though there is no account of a reconciliation between the 
Bruces and Iain, nor of the death of the latter, which apparently 
occurred about 1306. Little is known of Angus, but as Clan 
Donald states, II., 151, "we may infer from the contents of the 
charter of 1341 that he was a man of considerable importance 
in the Highlands." 

There are few facts known about the family in the next 
century and a half besides the names of the head of the clan and 
some dates, but this is not surprising: as vassals of the Lords 
of the Isles, the Maclans of Ardnamurchan followed the banner 
of those chiefs, and continued to support them in all their con- 
tentions. The history of the minor is merged in that of the 
larger family, and this no doubt accounts for the meagre ref- 
erences we find to the family of Maclain during its early history." 
(Clan Donald, II., 151, 152). 

III. ALEXANDER of Ardnamurchan, the son and successor 
of Angus, was in the battle of Harlaw, and we will refer to that 
event. 

From various sources we summarize that the immediate reason 
for the rebellion of Donald, Lord of the Isles, was to obtain the 
rights, (through his wife), to large territories claimed by Robert, 
Duke of Albany, Regent of the Kingdom. The MacDonalds 
with some seven other clans, (the Macleans, Mackintoshes, Cam- 
erons, Mackinnons and Macleods are mentioned), took Inverness 
the highland capital, after some fighting, and then assumed the 
offensive with about ten thousand men, but were met upon the 
field of Harlaw near Aberdeen, July 24, 1411, by a smaller but 
much better equipped force, including the followers of twenty - 
five clans and names, among whom were the Ogilvies, Lindsays, 
Carnegies, Lesleys, Lyons, Irvings, Gordons, Abercrombies, 
Arbuthnots, Bannermans, Leiths, Douglases, Barclays, Mowats, 
Duguids, Fotheringhams, Frasers and Burnets. "It was not 
a battle between civilization and barbarism, the men-at-arms 
in mail were as far removed from the civilization of to-day as 
were the kilted warriors." The result is variously given as 
indecisive and as a defeat, yet it is said to have terminated the 
struggle between the Celtic and the Saxon races. The Lowland 
army seems to have been almost annihilated, but Henry IV. of 



38 MACIAINS Otf I4II-I2 

England was too busily engaged to help Donald, who retired to 
his Island strongholds where his fleet was superior in strength, 
and he seems to have held his own. An old ballad says: 

There was not sin' King Kenneth's day, 

Sic strange, intestine, cruel strife, 

In Scotland seen as ilk man says 

Where monie likelie lost their life, 

Whilk made divorce tween man and wife 

And monie children fatherless. 

And monie a ane will mourn for aye, 

The breme battle of the Harlawe. 

The 3 1 st and last stanza gives the date in old style : 

In July, on St. James his euin, 

That four-and-twenty dismal day, 
Twelve hundred, twelve score, and eleven, 

Of yeirs sin' Christ the suthe to say; etc. 

The field is said in Taylor's Pictorial History of Scotland, I., 
22, to get its name from several boundary stones (Hare or Hoar- 
laws), and that book refers its readers to Laing's Early Metrical 
Tales for probably the most ancient Scottish historical ballad 
of any length now in existence for an account of the battle ; and 
also states that a bagpipe tune with the title of the battle was 
long extremely popular. 

Moreover, "Sir Walter Ogilvy, on the 28th of January, 1426, 
founded a chaplainry in the parish church of St. Mary of Uchter- 
house, in which perpetual prayers were to be offered up for the 
salvation of King James and his Queen Johanna; and for the souls 
of all who died in the Battle of Harlaw." (Diplom. Regior. 
Indices, I., 97; Tytler, III., Appendix, 156). 

The Annals of Loch Ce* also mention in 1411, what must 
have been the battle of Harlaw: "A great victory of MacDom- 
hnaill of Alba [MacDonald of Scotland], king of Airer-Gaeidhel 
[Argyle], over the Foreigners of Alba; and MacGilla-Eoin 
of MacDomhnailPs people was slain in the counter-wounding 
of that victory." [MacGilla-Eoin has become MacClean, Mac- 
Lean, etc., but this old form indicates that it means the son of 
the follower of St. John]. 

IV. JOHN McEan of Ardnamurchan succeeded to the chief - 
ship about 1412, and was one of the witnesses at the Chanonry 

*Annals of the Old Abbey of Inis-Macreen, an island in Lough-Kea [or 

Key]. 



1420-31 ARDNAMURCHAN. 39 

of Ross, to an important document, in 1420. (Clan Donald, 
II., 153; Tytler, III., 396). But he was also a fighter: in 1427 
King James I. of Scotland having apparently instigated the death 
of John Mor Tanistear, a powerful MacDonald and founder of 
the family of Dunyveg and the Glens of Antrim, followed up this 
act by another of treachery. He summoned a convention of 
the Highland chiefs at Inverness, arrested them, imprisoning 
some and executing others; Alexander, Lord of the Isles, after 
his release from a short custody, stirred up a rebellion on these 
accounts as well as his being deprived of the Earldom of Ross, 
and MacEan of| Ardnamurchan, loyal to the MacDonalds, 
"threw himself with all his energy . .' into the conflict." 




From Macintosh's Last MacDonalds of Isla. 
INVERLOCHY CASTLE. 

The Lord of the Isles was at first successful in his invasion of 
the main land in 1429, but owing to the activity of the King and 
the desertion of some of the clans, he sued for peace and appears 
to have made an ignominious submission. 

Donald Balloch.in 1431, a cousin of Alexander, enraged beyond 
measure at the pusillanimous submission of his kinsman, col- 
lected a fleet and an army in the Hebrides, ran his galleys into 
the neck of sea that divides Morvern from the island of Lismore, 
and disembarking at Lochaber, swept over that district with all 
the ferocity of northern warfare. At Inverlochy he met a su- 
perior force of the king's army, commanded by Alexander, Earl 
of Mar, and Alan Stewart, Earl of Caithness. With their broad- 



MACIAINS OF* 



H3I 



swords and battle-axes, the Islesmen commenced a furious attack 
upon the well-armed and disciplined Lowland knights. The 
royal army was cut to pieces; the Earl of Caithness, with six- 
teen of his personal retinue, and many other barons and knights, 
were left dead on the field . Mar, although severely wounded and 
barely escaping being made prisoner, succeeded in rescuing the 
remnant of his army. In the engagement, Donald Balloch made 
a main 'battle' and a front of his men. The front was com- 
manded by Maclain of Ardnamurchan and John Dubh Mac- 
Lean and the main 'battle' by Ranald Ban, while 200 Keppoch 
archers sent swarms of arrows from their position on the steep 
hill overlooking Inverlochy Castle, and later joined in with clay- 




prom Lansdale's Scotland, I., 214. 

TANTALLON CASTLE AND BASS ROCK. 

mores and Lochaber axes. The royal army sustained a loss 
of nine hundred and ninety, while that of Donald was but twenty- 
seven men. Donald first descended on the Cameron and Chattan 
lands, and later, with his plunder, retired to the Isles, but the 
King bringing a superior force against him, he fled to Ireland 
after several encounters and married a daughter of Conn 
O'Neill. The King gave some of the Keppoch-MacDonald 
lands to Mackintosh, whence arose a feud between those clans 
for over two hundred years. 



1431-62 



ARDNAMURCHAN. 



For his services at Inverlochy, John Maclain of Ardnamur- 
chan obtained lands in Isla from the Lord of the Isles after the 
release of the latter from Tantallon Castle; and also certain 
lands in Jura from Donald Balloch; later he became one of the 
councillors of John, Lord of the Isles, and in 1463 appears as a 
witness to a charter by that nobleman. (Clan Donald, II., 153). 

"A Charter by John de Yle, Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles, 
to his brother Hugh (son of Alexander), of the Isles, Lord of 
Slate, and Fynvola nin Allister vie Iain of Ardnamurchan," is 
dated 28th June, 1409, but the correct date is in all probability 
1449. It bears the signature of Alexander Maclain of Ardnamur- 
chan. (The Last Macdonalds of Isla). 




From Photo, by Messrs. G. W. Wilson & Co., Aberdeen. 

From Clan Donald, I., 126. 
RUINED KEEP OF ARDTHORNISH CASTLE. 

Mention may be made here, chronologically, of a Note to Scotts' 
Poem, The Lord of the Isles, stating that from the castle of Artor- 
nish, upon the igth of October, 1461, John de Yle, designing 
himself Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles, granted, like an inde- 
pendent sovereign, a commission to Ronald of the Isles, and Dun- 
can, arch-dean of the Isles, empowering them to treat with King 
Edward IV. of England; John agreeing to become the vassal 
of Edward, and to assist in subduing the realm of Scotland. 
[For which he was branded as a traitor in 1462, and deprived 
of the Earldom of Ross]. MacLean says: "The castle is lo- 



42 MACIAINS OF 1 1467-90 

cated upon the point of a peninsula that projects into the Sound 
of Mull. The ruins now consist chiefly of the remains of an old 
tower, with fragments of outward defenses. The site of the 
spacious apartment in which the ancient parliament met is still 
pointed out, and in the face of the rock, overhanging the bay 
of Ardtornish, is the precipice over which the transgressors 
of feudal times were thrown." 

V. The next chief signs himself "ALEXANDER Joannis (son 
of John) Lord of Ardnamurchan," on a charter in 1467. And 
he was one of the Council of the Isles in 1469. A daughter of 
Alexander Maclain, called Fynvola nin Alister, married Hugh 
MacDonald of Sleat in the same year, and the Lord of the Isles 
granted lands to Hugh and his heirs male. Mariota, said to 
have been another daughter, married Malcolm Macduffie of 
Colonsay, and of this couple more hereafter. A daughter 
Florence was the second wife of Allen Macrory of Clanranald. 
In 1478 the name of the chief witnessing a charter, appears as 
"Alexander McCane of Ardnamercho." The work Clan Donald, 
II., 154, says: "Alexander Maclain evidently was a man of con- 
siderable influence and power. The family now held, besides 
Ardnamurchan and Sunart, lands in Kintyre, Isla and Jura ; 
but, as we shall soon see, it had not yet attained the zenith of 
its greatness in the Highlands." The date of his death is uncer- 
tain, and by some authorities he is said to have -had a son Donald, 
who, however, may have died young. 

While endeavoring to restrict these Notes to the fortunes of 
the Maclans, we will touch now upon those of the MacDonalds 
of the Isles, the families having been intimately connected, and 
the affairs of both having approached a crisis. Angus Og Mac- 
Donald, the second of the Isles, and "Rider of the dappled steed," 
was assassinated at the instigation of the Lady of Moydart, on 
account of the disputed lordship of the Island of Lewis. The 
Annals of Loch Ce state that in 1490 MacDomhnaill [Aenghus] 
of Alba, i. e., the young Lord, the best man in Erinn or in Alba 
in his time, was unfortunately slain by an Irish harper, i. e., 
Diarmaid Cairbrech, in his own chamber." Mackenzie's account 
(History of the Camerons, 34, note], is: "At Inverness, in 1485, 
Angus Og of the Isles was assassinated by an Irish Harper, Hugh 
Macdonald, the Sleat Seannachaid." Clan Donald gives the 
date 1490, and the name of the assassin as Art O'Carley, and 



1491-93 ARDNAMURCHAN. 43 

goes on to say: "With the death of Angus Og, the fortunes of 
the family of the Isles, took a downward tendency." The next 
step in their fall is related thus : 

A feud between the MacDonalds and Mackenzies, beginning 
in an insult by the latter, followed by the burning of a church 
full of Mackenzies by the former, had resulted in the battle of 
Park (1488 or 1491) in which the MacDonalds under Alexander 
of Lochalsh were defeated. "This insurrection cost them the 
lordship of the Isles, as others had the earldom of Ross. At a 
parliament held in Edinburgh in 1493, the possessions of the 
Lord of the Isles were declared to be forfeited to the crown. 
In the following February, John MacDonald, the aged Lord 
of the Isles, made his appearance before King James IV., and 
made a voluntary surrender of every thing, after which, for 
several years, he remained in the king's household as a court 
pensioner." (History of the Clan MacLean). 

"Thus fell the Lordship of the Isles, and with it the dynasty 
which for hundreds of years had continued to represent, in a 
position of virtual independence, the ancient Celtic system of 
Scotland." (Clan Donald, I., 280). 

We have seen several spellings of the McKean name already, 
but hereafter we will find several more. Alexander McCane 
was succeeded by his nephew 

VI. JOHN MAKANE, Macian or Maclain, who was Chief of 
Ardnamurchan from 1493-1518, was a notable man in his day, 
and perhaps the greatest of the Clan. 

"John inherited as 'grandson and heir of John, son of Alex- 
ander, the son of [Angus the son of] John of Ardnamurchan' . . . 
Hugh Macdonald, the Sleat historian, bastardizes this chief, 
whom he calls 'John Brayach,' but this is Hugh's way, and there 
are no grounds for putting in the bar sinister. Hugh describes 
him as bold, intrepid, and not altogether sound in his mind . . . 
on the contrary, he appears, judged by the standard of his time, 
to have been no less famed for his statesman-like qualities than 
for his personal prowess. He was one of the first of the vassals 
of the Isles to make his submission to James IV. on the forfeiture 
of the Island Lord in 1493. He married a lady of the Argyll 
family, by whom he is said to have had: i. Donald. 2. Somer- 
led. 3. A son whose name has not come down. 4. Alexander, 
who succeeded." He must have had two more sons, John 



44 MACIAINS OF 1493-95 

Sunertach (of Sunart), and Angus, who are named as having 
been killed in his last battle at the Silver Crag. "He also had 
a daughter [Catherine] who married Alastair Maclan Chathan 
aich, 5th chief of Dunnyveg; and another, Mariot, who married 
John Robertson of Struan." (Clan Donald, III., 211 and II. ,154). 

On the 1 8th of August, 1493, James IV. held Court at Dunstaff- 
nagfc and received the homage, "among others, of John of Dunny- 
vaig, John Cathanach his son, John Maclan of Ardnamurchan, 
and Alexander of Lochalsh" : he knighted the first and last and 
confirmed them in their lands. Among other Clan Donald vassals, 
"John Abrachson of Glencoe and Alister Maclan of Glengarry 
had not yet acknowledged the new order of things. The only 
chieftain of the Clan Donald who made any show of loyalty was 
Maclan of Ardnamurchan, whose allegiance and services at 
this time and afterwards were amply requited at the expense 
of the other clansmen." (Clan Donald I., 285). That is, at 
the expense of those who showed no loyalty. 

The Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland show 
that in 1494, "On the i4th of June, John Makane of Ardnamur- 
chan had a charter of lands in Isla and of the office of bailie there, 
which he had before held of the I,ord of the Isles. On the 2oth 
of August, the King (James IV.) had returned to Stirling, but 
it is said that, even before he had left the Isles, Dunaverty had 
been recaptured by John of Isla, [otherwise known as Sir John of 
Dunnyveg and the Glinns, also by his son John Cathanach],' the 
governor put to death, and his body hung over the wall in sight of 
the King and his fleet. This called for prompt action, and accord- 
ingly, about the 8th of September, a messenger-at-arms was 
despatched 'to summond Schir Johne of the His of tressone in 
Kintyre.' He and four of his sons were quickly taken by John 
Makane of Ardnamurchan, and brought to Edinburgh, where 
they were found guilty and executed." [Probably early in 
1495]. See also Lang's History of Scotland, I., 348. The Illus- 
tration is from the Last Macdonalds of Isla. 

By royal charter, certain lands in Isla were "granted to John 
Maclan of Ardnamurchan for apprehending 'Johannes de 
Glennys militis, Johannes Caynoch, ejus filii, et complicum 
suorum,' " which was done "treacherously" [as one book states 
without giving authorities for the charge] at the instigation of 
Argyle, whose daughter he had married, and for the alleged 



1493-96 



ARDNAMURCHAN. 



45 



reason of a feud between them on account of Sunart and lands 
in Isla. (Adapted from Clan Donald, I., 288, etc.) Lang also 
(!> 35) mentions valuable concessions received. 

The fact that the King entrusted this Makane with the ? rdu- 
ous and hopeless task of preserving order in the Highlands shows 
the importance of the Ardnamurchan branch. James IV. twice 
visited Dunstaffnage and Mingarry during 1493 [and 1495] in 
the course of his visits of inspection. Exactly one hundred 
years later will be found a reference to another Johnne McAne 




DUNAVERTY CASTLE ROCK, KINTYRE. 

of Ardnamurchane, showing the persistence of favorite bap- 
tismal names in some old families. 

The book Clan Donald, I., 296, charges the Maclan of 1495 
with assassinating Alexander of Lochalsh during the repeated 
rebellion of the latter in attempting to recover the Island Lord- 
ship, but the authorities are mistaken in some at least of the 
details, as that book shows. Probably Maclan was acting here 
in his official capacity of Baillie as in the case of John of 
Dunnyveg. 

In 1496, according to the History of the Camerons, John 
Macian of Ardnamurchan, Donald Angusson of Keppoch and 



46 MACIAINS OF 1496-97 

two others "appeared before the Lords of Council, and bound 
themselves, 'by the extension of their hands,' to the Earl of 
Argyll on behalf of the king, to abstain from mutual injuries 
and molestations, under a penalty of .500." 

The Annals of Loch Ce note for 1499: "A great deed was com- 
mitted by the King of Alba whose name was Stuart, viz. : he 
hanged John Mor MacDomhnaill, King of Innsi-Gall [the Hebri- 
des], and John Cathanach,* and Alexander Ballagh [Domhnall?] 
on the same gallows." This appears to refer to the occurrence 
already mentioned as having taken place in 1494. 

Hugh Macdonald, as quoted in Clan Donald, II., 161, 162, 
relates a circumstance beginning with playfulness but resulting 
in tragic misfortune; it may be abridged as follows: Two of the 
chief's sons, Donald and Somerled, were "lusty, young strong 
men," and one at least was so good a wrestler that he threw all 
opposers; the chief, though old, wished to have a bout with 
him, and the son, after trying in vain to excuse himself, threw his 
father; whereupon the latter intimated that the son would 
sooner overcome his father, than expel Alexander, John Cathe- 
nach's son, from the Glens of Ireland. Immediately the two 
sons started with a levy of men to Ireland, and upon landing 
were met by Alexander. Some of the allies of the Maclains, 
headed by "the Smith of Islay," deserted to the enemy, and 
in the resulting battle the MacEans were routed, and most of 
them, with MacEan's two sons were killed. Alexander at once 
took the MacEan boats and crossed over to Islay, where he sur- 
prised the Castle of Dunivaig, besieged MacEan in the Island, 
and the latter surrendered on condition that he should give up 
Islay to Alexander, and that Alexander should marry his daughter. 
[It is worthy of note that the opposition chronicler begins by 
calling John of Ardnamurchan "Maclain" and ends by writing 
it "MacEan"]. 

As intimated in the last paragraph, Maclain of Ardnamurchan 
in 1497 gave his daughter in marriage to Alasdair, son of Sir 
John [of Islay], one of two sons who had escaped to their property 
the Glens of Antrim [in 1494] (Lang, I., 350). In our suggest- 

*"The Ann Ult. say that he was the son of John Mor MacDomhnaill. 
The sobriquet 'Cathanach,' was given to him from his intimate connection 
with the O'Cathains (O'Kanes) of Cianacta, or Keenaght (in Londonderry) 
amongst whom he seems to have been fostered." 



I497- I 5 6 ARDNAMURCHAN. 47 

tions for a Genealogical Chart, the married couple appear as 
Catherine (Maclain) and Alexander Macdonell of Dunyvaig ; 
the marriage must have been lamentable at first, judging from 
Clan Donald, III., 376, where it is stated that the child was 
Donald, surnamed, according to an Irish genealogical manu- 
script, malak, i. e., 'cursed. The reason given is that "he was 
cursed by his mother before his birth, because her husband had 
killed her five brothers, in vengeance for the treachery wrought 
upon his family by her father, Maclain of Ardnamurchan. She 
prayed that her unborn offspring should never see light of day, 
and the alleged result was that the first-born came blind into the 
world. Another authority says he was deficient in courage, 
which was the reason for his not succeeding to the lordship. 
Donald, who was called Balloch, had two sons, Alastair 
and Donald Gorm." But it appears that there were nine sons 
and two daughters born to Alexander and Catherine, so we may 
hope if there ever was the curse related, it yielded later to blessing. 

In 1498, Maclain had a serious quarrel with Allan MacRuarie 
of Clanranald about the lands of Sunart, and the dispute being 
referred to the King, [James IV .], the latter decided in Maclain's 
favor and gave him a charter of them. Apparently wishing 
to crush the Macdonald families, the King divided up the lands 
of the Lordship of the Isles among his supporters, and Maclain 
was naturally well rewarded, and in one of the charters he is 
given the Castle of Mingarry, mentioned hereafter. "John Mac- 
Iain of Ardnamurchan had now become the most powerful chief- 
tain of the Clan Donald, and the most effective instrument in 
the hands of the King for their destruction." . . . To the end 
of James's reign he was in constant communication with that 
monarch, the King making frequent visits to Castle Mingarry 
and holding courts there. Frequent references are also made 
in the records of the time to payments made to messengers carry- 
ing letters to Maclain from the King." (Abridged from Clan 
Donald, II., 158, 159). 

The History of the Clan MacLean also states that the rebellion 
of 1499-1506, caused by the revocation of some charters recently 
granted by the King, and headed by Donald Dhu and the Mac- 
lans of Glencoe, found Maclan of Ardnamurchan on the royal 
side and that the struggle resulted in the breaking up of the con - 
federacv of the Island lords. 



48 MACIAINS OF 1505-07 

Upon the suppression of the first rebellion, "the King, for the 
faithful and willing service rendered him by his 'dear John Mak- 
kane of Ardnamurchane,' confirmed him in all the lands formerly 
granted to him, with the houses and fortalices of Castle Mingary 
in Ardnamurchan, and Dunnyveg in Isla, and in the bailiary of 
that Island" [which brought on great trouble with the Mac- 
leans]. (Clan Donald, II., 139). 

Further references to the grants mentioned above are made 
as follows: 

"John Maclain received from the King [James IV], on 24th 
November, 1505, a ratification, for good services, of all charters 
formerly made in his favour of whatsoever lands in the island s 
of Yle and Jura, and the low land (bassa term) of Ardnamurchan 
and Suynart, with the Castle of Mingarry, in Ardnamurchan, 
and Donavagan, in Yle, etc. The King, at Edinburgh, igth 
November, 1506, confirmed to John Maclain, as heir of his grand- 
father, John vie Allister vie Iain, inter alia, two merks, and 6s. 
8d. worth of lands in Jura, viz., a large eighth part of Aridscar- 
nula, an eighth part of Knock-na-seolomon, which held of the 
late Donald de Insulis, Lord of Dunyvaig and Glens, but now 
in the hands of the Crown through the forfeiture of the late John 
de Insulis of Dunyvaig, knight, heir of the said Donald de Insulis 
on account of Sir John's treason . . . Maclain was also sent to Ire- 
land to capture or slay Alexander [Macdonnell of Dunyvaig], 
but failed, after long search, as he reported to the King. In 
reality, Maclain seems to have relented, became reconciled to 
Alexander, and gave him his daughter Catherine in marriage, 
all unknown to the King . . . " (The Last Macdonalds of Isla, 
also Clan Donald I., 291, etc.). 

This ending is so different a version from the one already 
quoted that it almost seems like a different incident. 

We read many sneers and some harsh adjectives against Baillie 
Maclain, but the facts are that he was an official of the Scottish 
Government, and received his emoluments from that Govern- 
ment, that his acts were against men in rebellion, and that he 
was the most honest among the Macdonalds of his day, and did 
not change sides with the same facility as the rest, and this the 
attacks upon him show. 

In Royal Letters, Richard III. and Henry VII., is one from 
O'Donnel to James IV. of Scotland, in which the former asks 



X 5 7"I3 ARDNAMURCHAN. 49 

on Mar. 13, 1507, for the assistance of the Scots against his Irish 
enemies, and mentions "dominum Johanem filium Alexandri 
McHean [indexed 'or McKeane'}. suae nationis principalem," 
[chief of his people], coupling him with the "Clanndonayll 
and Clandompnayll," signing himself Odonipnayll, and alluding 
to ^Eneas McDonayll : he wants the help by the next feast of 
Saints Philip and James. The King answers, April 22, that4,ooo 
armed men will be sent with John, son of Alexander McKeane, 
but there is not time by the day named. 

The fatal battle of Flodden in Northumberland was fought 
September 9, 1513, between the English and the Scots; King 
James of Scotland was killed with most of his army, while some 
of the Macdonald clans were nearly annihilated, apparently 
owing to breaking ranks and charging the English pikemen in 
detail. John Maclan of Ardnamurchan was in the battle, and 
was reported by mistake in the English Gazette among the killed . 

In Taylor's Pictorial History of Scotland, I., 406-411, is a map 
of the battle-field, and an illustration with a description, from 
which last we copy a few paragraphs, as well as a few couplets 
from Scott's Marmion, Canto VI. , Stanza XXXIV. "While the 
English were crossing the stream [called the Till] with their 
vanguard separated from their rear, the Scottish nobles in vain 
begged the king to attack. Borthwick, master of his artillery 
on his knees asked permission to bring his guns to bear on the 
English columns as they defiled over the narrow bridge. 'But 
the king,' says Pittscottic, I., 277, 'answered this gunner, Robert 
Borthwick, like to ane man bereft of all wit and judgment,' say- 
ing, 'I will cause hang thee and quarter thee if thou shoot a 
shot this day, for I will have the enemy all in a plain field before 
me, and assay them what they can do. " Whether this infatu- 
ation was owing to the king's ignorance of tactics, or to a roman- 
tic wish to give the enemy every chance, is a question. "On 
the extreme right of the Scottish army the clans suffered so 
from the volleys of the Cheshire and Lancashire archers : 

The English shafts in volleys hailed, 
In headlong charge their horse assailed : 

that they broke their array to close with the enemy. The Eng- 
lish pikemen reeled from the attack, but recovered and attacked 
the disorganized Highlanders in frontand flank, routing them with 
great slaughter. In the centre the struggle was severe, and 



50 MACIAINS OF 1513 17 

for a time the Scots had the better of it. No quarter was given 
on either side, the ground became so slippery from blood that 
the combatants pulled off their boots and shoes and fought in 
their hose. The loss of the Scots in this disastrous field amounted 
to from 8,000 to 10,000 men, but these included the flower of 
their nobility, gentry and even clergy : 

Their king, their lords, their mightiest low, 
They melted from the field as snow. 

Scarce a Scottish family of eminence, as Sir Walter Scott remarks, 
but has had an ancestor killed at Flodden, 

Where shivered was fair Scotland's spear, 
And broken was her shield!" 

An old version of "Flowers of the Forest" was composed in 
commemoration of the battle, and the air is still played as a reg- 
imental dirge in Scotland. But passing from grave to gay, it 
is related that a Scotch physician, many years after, went to 
England to practice his profession. Sir Walter Scott, knowing 
that he was unlearned, protested that he would kill a lot of 
Englishmen; "Aye," said Sawney, "but not eneugh to mak' up 
for Flodden." 

The surviving Highlanders, including Alexander Maclan of 
Glengarry, again "raised the standard of rebellion, and Sir Donald 
of Lochalsh was proclaimed Lord of the Isles," but Maclan of 
Ardnamurchan exerted his influence with some success, to keep 
certain of the Islesmen from breaking the ( peace, and in 1515 
(August 23rd) there was "Ane Respit maid be avise of the Gov- 
ernour [Regent Albany] to Donald of the His of Lochalsh" and 
others, "for the space of IX dayis next to come after the date 
hereof," and the rebellion was extinguished. (Clan Donald I., 
321 ; II., 160; and Lang, I., 361). 

In 1516, as MacLean states, Donald of the Isles made redress 
to John Maclan of Adnamurchan for injuries done by Lachlan 
McClane of Do ward. 

And in 1517 Lachlan obtained from the Lords of Council, 
pardon for recent rebellion, and in return was obliged to promise 
restitution to the Earl of Argyle and Macdonald of Ardnamur- 
chan for injuries done to their vassals. (Abridged from Account 
of Clan Maclean by a Seneachie, 25-27). In seven lines one 
authority calls him Maclan, another writes Macdonald, both of 
Ardnamurchan, and the next says Mac Iain. 



I 5 I 3~50 ARDNAMURCHAN. 5! 

On the death of King James IV. [1513], Maclain found him- 
self surrounded by many enemies, including nearly all of the 
Western Clans, but none so determined as the Clan Iain Mhoir 
to which Sir John of Dunnyveg had belonged, and whom Maclain 
was instrumental in having executed in 1494. So powerful 
were his enemies that the Duke of Albany, Regent during the 
minority of James V., and the Council could not protect him. 
In 1515 raids were made on his lands in Isla, and when summoned 
to an account the raiders failed to appear, and his own tenants 
in Isla seem to have been disloyal to him, and Maclain had to 
rely upon his immediate followers on the main land; but the 
Macdonalds of Dunnyveg,. Sir Donald of Lochalsh, the Mac- 
leods of Lewis and Raasay formed a combination too powerful 
for him. They invaded Ardnamurchan, wasted it with fire 
and sword and sacked Maclain's Castle of Mingarry; Maclain 
and his men retreated before this formidable host, but were pur- 
sued to a place called Creag-an-Airgid [the Silver Crag] in Morven , 
where a sanguinary engagement took place. Here Maclain, 
his two sons John Sunartach [of Sunart] and Angus, and many 
of his followers were slain, apparently in 1518. "With John 
Maclain departed the glory of the Maclains of Ardnamurchan. 
He was buried with befitting pomp and ceremony in [lona] the 
sacred Isle of the West." (Abridged from Clan Donald, II., 
161-164) 

The accounts in Lang's History of Scotland, I., 363, and in 
The Last Macdonalds of Isla are somewhat similar, and the latter 
adds that Mariot, daughter of John Maclain, was served heir 
to him in 1538, and two years after, Ardnamurchan fell into 
the hands of the Earl of Argyle, who in 1550 alienated it . . .to 
James Macdonal, and the grant was confirmed the same year by 
Queen Mary." 

The Maclain tombstone in lona is evidently that of John who 
was head of that branch of the family at least between 1494 and 
1518: it must have been a very fine stone before it was broken 
and weather-beaten. In the upper half the effigies of John Mac- 
Iain and his sister Mariota are distinguishable; in the centre 
is the galley which was their armorial bearing; below that is a 
beautiful and intricate figure compounded of crosses, sprigs, 
etc., while the inscriptional border is subdivided by rosettes. 
The text of Fr as er -Mackintosh (from whose book the plate is 



ARDN AMURCH AN . 



copied) implies that Malcolm Macduphie of Colonsay erected 
the tomb to his brother-in-law John Maclain, I^ord of Ardna- 
murchan and Mariota Maclain, sister of John and wife of Mal- 
colm; but the inscription is very indistinct except at the right 
hand lower half and bottom, where we may distinguish : " Ard- 
namurchan * et Mariota . . . eain soror ejus [foror eius] * 




THE MACIAIN TOMBSTONE IN IONA. 

spousa * The authors of Clan Donald apparently make 

Mariota the daughter of Alexander the uncle of John Mac Iain t 
(III., 210). 

VII. ALEXANDER was the son and heir of John Maclain, and 
was a minor at his father's death. Colin Campbell, Earl of Ar- 
gyle was appointed guardian. The policy of the latter being to 
extend the influence of his house, and the Maclains with their 



54 MACIAINS otf 1517-29 

vast estates being entirely in his power, Argyle was not slow 
to use his opportunity. His brother, Sir John of Calder became 
his agent, and between them they set about dividing the pos- 
sessions of the House of Ardnamurchan, but were not altogether 
successful. Maclain, though not of age, led his men fighting 
against the Campbells in a quarrel provoked by the murder of 
Lachlan Catanach Maclean of Do wart. (Abridged from Clan 
Donald, II., 164-166). 

The Macleans and Macdonalds though later at feud with each 
other, were united during the minority of James V. Some of 
the lands forfeited by the Lord of the Isles being granted to them, 
Argyle persuaded the Council to declare the grants null and void. 
The two neighbors made a descent upon the lands of Argyle, and 
the Government sent a herald to the Isles to command the latter 
wrong-doers to peaceable behaviour and to give an explanation. 
The herald returned unsuccessful. Argyle offered to repress 
the two chiefs, but the Gavernn^nt doubted his disinterestedness 
and patriotism, and gave the Macleans and Macdonalds a chance 
to present their wrongs, and Ardnamurchan is mentioned among 
those who sent in their submission, and Argyle gave two Camp- 
bells as hostages to be confined in Edinburgh Castle in fulfil- 
ment of these terms. (Abridged from Clan Maclean, 31-33). 

A more important saving interference is thus described: Colin 
Campbell, third Earl of Argyle, had been granted a Commission 
of "lieutenandry" over the men of the Isles about 1517, but in 
1529 it dawned upon the King and council that the Earl had 
secretly fomented disturbances there in hopes of benefiting by 
forfeitures, and he represented any attacks upon himself as a 
rebellion against the sovereign. About this time Alexander 
MacDonald of Islay, with the contemporary MacLean made a 
descent upon certain lands belonging to the Campbells, and the 
latter being worsted, appealed to the council, who summoned 
Alexander of Islay and his followers to lay down their arms, 
offering them royal protection. Nine of the principal Islanders, 
including Alexander Maclan of Ardnamurchan, sent offers of 
submission to the King, who deprived Archibald Campbell, fourth 
Earl of Argyle, of the chief command of the Isles, conferring it 
on Alexander of Islay, which caused Argyle to join the English 
forces. (Adapted from the History of the Clan MacLeari). 



1 5 3 1 -5 ARDN AMURCH AN . 5 5 

In the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Vol. II., James V., 
A. D. 1531, several persons, among whom were "alexander 
makeane, alister de glengarry, Johanes m c kane" and others, 
were called upon to testify "sup. certis praeditorijs accoibus.in 
dca. sumoicoe. contente;" [upon certain predatory gatherings 
affirmed in the said summons]; the case was postponed at least 
three times, and there is no record of it at the last date set . 

"We hear no more of the young Chieftain of Ardnamurchan, 
and he must have been dead before the year 1538; for in that 
year Mariot Maclain, his sister, and wife of Robert Robertson 
of Struan, was served heiress to her father in the lands possessed 
by him at his death. Two years later, Mariot, with consent of 
her husband, resigned these lands in favour of the Earl of Argyle, 
but the King [James V.] the following year paid the sum of ,5,000 
to the Earl for resigning ad perpetuam remanentiam the same 
lands. In 1543 Queen Mary granted to Argyle the lands of Ard- 
namurchan and others for the space of twelve years. This last 
transaction seems afterwards to have been thought irregular, 
and in the year 1550 Argyle, in virtue of the old resignation in 
his favour by Mariot Maclain, the heiress, received a crown char- 
ter of the 80 merk lands of Ardnamurchan, which he immedi- 
ately bestowed on his brother-in-law, James Macdonald of Dunny- 
veg and the Glens to be held under the Earls of Argyle" (Clan 
Donald, II, 166, 167). 

It may be interesting to quote the royal document above men- 
tioned; it is in the Register of the Great Seal of the Kings of Scot, 
land, is in Latin, and may be rendered as follows : 

"527 At. Edinburgh, 20 September (1550). 

The Queen [Mary] &c ., has granted and quitclaimed to ARCHI- 
BALD EARL OF ARGYLE [Ergadie Comiti], Lord Campbell and 
Lome &c., his heirs and assigns, the lands of Ardnamurchan, 
with the castle and fortress of Castell-Mayerie, near Inverness; 
which Mariota McAne, daughter and heiress of the late John 
M. of Ardnamurchan transferred into the hands of King James 
V. at Holyrood* [apud monasterium S. Crucis]: Attested, 27. 
4. 26. 31. 30. 32. XXX. 496." 

*This palace derived its name from a valued relic. The Holy Rood of 
Scotland was a cross-shaped casket of wrought gold, containing a fragment 
of the True Cross, "carried off later by that royal thief, Edward I." Still 
later it was returned by treaty, afterwards captured by the English, and 
lastly disappeared from the Cathedral of Durham at the time of the Reform- 
ation. (Lansdale's Scotland, Historic and Romantic, I., 6, note). 



56 MACIAINS OF 1,550 

It is curious to see that in the copious Index of the work last 
mentioned, Makeane is noted: "vide Makane," and at that place 
we find: "Makane (McAne, Makaane, McEane, Makeane, Mc- 
Carie, McCaine, McKane, McKayne, McKeane, McKaane ; cf Mak- 
kany) de Ardnamurchan, Joh., 527." The locality has been 
spelled Ardenmuirich, Ardmurquhane, Ardnamercho, Ardna- 
mourach, Ardnamurch, Ardnamurchane, Ardnamurquhan, Ar- 
mourche and otherwise. 

In a document dated i2th day of October, 1550, is mentioned 
the 80 merks land of the old extent of Ardnamurchan, with the 
castle and fortalice of Mingarry, tenants, tenantries, and service 
of free tenants, etc., etc., lying within the Sheriff dom of Inver- 
ness . . . and ' 'James Macdonald took sasine at the Castle of Min- 
garry of the lands of Ardnamurchan on yth January 1550-51." 
(The Last Macdonalds of Isla). 

"Henceforth the superiority of Ardnamurchan remained 
nominally with the Argyle family, although it was many years 
before their title was completed by possession, the Maclains 
continuing to hold the estate as if it had been a male fief of the 
crown. The fact that they continued to possess the lands of 
Ardnamurchan, noth withstanding the charters to Argyle and 
James Macdonald, is proved by several references to them in the 
public records as 'of Ardnamurchan.' The only feasible explan- 
ation of this state of matters is that considerable indulgence 
must have been extended to the Maclains by all parties, for 
otherwise it is difficult to see how they could have kept their 
hold against so strong a combination as the Campbells and the 
Macdonalds of Dunnyveg. The conduct of the Government 
in depriving the Maclains of their just and lawful rights at this 
time is somewhat difficult to explain. The loyalty of the family 
during the troublous times that followed the fall of the Lordship 
of the Isles seems to have been entirely forgotten, when it should 
have stood them in good stead. As no reason is given for so 
harsh a treatment we can only venture the surmise that the 
family of the Maclain who succeeded to the chieftainship in 
1538 must have made themselves obnoxious by their opposition 
to the Government." (Clan Donald, II., 167, 168). 

Alexander Maclain is said (Ibid., III., 211), to have had 
three sons i. John, who succeeded. 2. Donald. 3. Alexander. 
This Alexander had two sons i. John. 2. Donald. 

Alexander was succeeded as head of the family by his cousin 



I544~45 ARDNAMURCHAN. 57 

"Alexander MacDonald Vclain of Ardnamurchan," who seems 
to have held the leadership about forty-seven years, but who 
does not appear in the Genealogy given by the Reverends A. 
Macdonalds, in III., 211. 

In 1544 he supported John Moydertach of Clanranald and 
the Frasers of Lovat, and fought at Blar Leine or Kinloch Lochy 
in 1545. A respite was granted him in 1548 by the Government 
for his doings in this battle and for being absent from the royal 
army summoned in 1547 (Abridged from Clan Donald, II., 168). 

Some of the contemporary correspondence on public affairs 
alludes to familiar clan names; e. g., under the date 1545, the 
State Papers contain a very curious "Commission to make com- 
pact with Henry VIII. and Lennox: The Earl of Rosse, etc., 
to McAlister and McLean." The document itself is in part as 
follows: "Be it kend till all men be vis present wryt, We, Don- 
ald Lord of ye His and Erll of Rose, wicht awise and consent of 
our Barronis and Counsall of ye Ilis, yet is to say, . . . Jhone Mac- 
allister Capitane of Clanrannald . . . Anguse Maconill brudir ger- 
mane to James Maconill. . .Alexander Mackeyn of Ardnamur- 
chane . . . Alexander Rannaldsoun of Glengerre . . .to have maid, 
constitude and ordanit, and be yir our presents makis consti- 
tutis and ordainis, giffand our full powar exprese bidding and 
command to honorable personis and our Kynnismen, yat is to 
say, Rore Macallister Elect to ye Bishopre of ye Ilis in Scotland, 
and Deyn of Morwarne, and M r Patrik Maclane . . . brudir ger- 
mane to ye said Lord Maclane, Bailze of Ycomkill and Justice 
Clerk of ye South Ilis, conjunclie and severalie our afald and 
indowtit Commissioners . . . and in speciall twetching our bandis 
instantlie to be maid to ane most anobill and potent Prince 
Harye ye Acht, be ye Grace of God King of Ingland, France 
and Ireland . . . and for securite of yir present, we ye said Donald 
has affiixit our propir seill wicht our hand at ye pen because 
we can nocht wryte, and has causit ye Baronis aboun writtin, 
becaus thai can nocht write, to cause ane Notar to subscribe 
for yame wicht yair hand at ye pen, with yair bodely ay this 
never to cum in ye contrar of ye sammyn. (Signed} : Donald 
of ye Ilis and Erll of Ros, w* my hand at ye pen. . . Alex r Ranald- 
son of Glegare, w* had at pen. . .Angus M c Conill Brud r Jarme 
to Jamis M c conill, w* my hand at ye pene. . . Allexad. M c Cane 
off Annourche, w* my hand at ye pene..." 



58 MACIAINS OF 1 1545 

But this is not enough: the State Paper DXLVIII., in the 
same year, is the Oath of Rosse and the Lairds of the Isles; it 
begins: "In Dei nomine. Amen," and proceeds to state that there 
"comperit ane honorable Lord, Donald Lord of ye Ilis and Erll 
of Rose, into ye Cheptour of ye Gray Freris of Knokfarguse" 
and with several others including "Macallister capitane of Clan- 
rannald. . . Anguse Macconill. . .Alexander Mackeyn of Ardnamur- 
chan . . . Alexander Rannoldson of Glengarre . . . wncoakit or 
imcompulsit, bot of yair awin free motive will" . . . [have 
given their oaths to] "Patrik Colquhoun, as Commissionar to 
my Lord of Lennox and servand to ye Kingis Majeste" . . . that 
they had become the King's true subjects touching the marriage 
of the Princess of Scotland, and in all other affairs, etc. 

In 1545 also appears a very long communication on behalf 
of Ross and the others, protesting loyalty to their new friends 
the English, and, we regret to write, hatred to their own country- 
men; asserting that it is not a question of money, while they 
seem to be driving a pretty close bargain. It is from "McAlister, 
&c. to The Privy Council. To our werray good Lordis of ye 
Counsall, these be giffen. Item first that. . .our lord and maister 
thErlle (sic) of Rose and Lord of the His, promittis that his 
Lordship schall destroye the tayne half of Scotland, or. . .mak 
theyme to cum to the Kingis Majesties obedience. . .the Lord 
Maclane, and the rest of the Barronis of the Ilis... the Lord 
Maclane, Captane of Clanrannald. . .be includit therein . . The 
fourt artikill, quhen it specifyeth ... to gif the said Erll of Rose 
one zeirlie pensioun of two thousand crownis for service doyne, 
and to be doyne . . . the said Erll of Rose desyris to have wachis 
to tbre thousand of the said eycht thousand (men), the wther 
fyve thousand to serve the Kingis Majeste in favour of my Lord 
thErll of Lennox, not takand wagis ... we schall mak the number 
of 6 thousand men with their galays and wischell to serve the 
Kingis Hienes . . . Item secundlie, my Lordis, we exhort zour 
Lordschepes to ramember and considder quhat honorable 
and faythfull service we promit to do the Kingis Majeste on our 
liffis and honour . . . Item thridlie . . . zour good Lordschepes . . . 
[should] be the more ware with all the natioun of Scottis, trfis 
for their fraud, and in speciale wyth ws that is callit the wyld 
Ilis of Scotland;. . .we beseik zour Lordschepis to have no sich 
consait in ws, . . .zour Lordschepas sail considder we have beyne 
auld enemys to the realm of Scotland, and quhen they had 



1545 ARDNAMURCHAN. 59 

peasche wyth the Kingis Hienes, they hanged hedit presoned and 
destroed many of our kyn freindis and forbears, as testifyis. . . 
thElle of Rose. . .the quhilk hath lyin in presoun afoir he was 
borne of his modir . . . And many wther crewell slachter burnyng 
and herschep that hath beyn betuix ws and the sadis Scottis, the 
quhilk war lang to wrytte. . .the hatrand wilbe the grittar be- 
tuix ws and them van it was afore, and is able more to encrese . . . 
Item fourtlie and last of all". . .[it is most important to act 
immediately]. . ."that the precius and convenient tyme be not 
lost, ye quhilk onis lost is wnrecoverable ; and, on our lyffis, 
zour Lordschepps had never so good tyme as now. Finale, my 
Lordis, to concluid, we pray zour Lordschepps to have ws ex- 
cusit of our lang rusticall and barbarose ditment to consider 
our mynd and nocht the wrytte, and that our mynd is not to 
perswaid zour Lordschepps wyth wordis, or to be desyrars of 
the Kingis Graceis mony, bot. . .quhar we desyre one crown of 
His Hienes, we shall spend thre in His Graceis service, with 
tie grace of God; prayand Christ Jesu to have ye Kingis Ma- 
jeste in keiping an Zour good Lordschipps, with ansour as zour 
Lordschipps thinkis expedient." It may be mentioned that 
Ross gets his "pension," the Earl of the Isles gets his, and of 
the 8,000 men, "6000. . .shall be employed. . .to annoye then- 
emyes, thother 2000 remayning in their cowntrees for defence." 
And soon there are such stirring items in the Contents as "Dry- 
burgh taken," Tiviotdale forrayed," "Jedburgh burnt," "Merse 
forrayed," "Dunse rased," etc., etc. 

Perhaps the canny Scots were not the only people who may 
be accused of double-dealing at this period. The State Papers 
make mention, September 4, 1545, of two letters, both from 
Henry VIII.; one to Donald McOnell, Earl of Ross, "Lord of 
the Isles," and the other to Hector McLean, "Lord of the Isles;" 
the letters are "to the same effect, and in the same words, "- 
encouraging them to proceed in the invasion of Scotland. It 
should be stated, however, that there may have been some doubt 
at this time as to the rightful owner of the above title.* 

*The title "of the Isles" was written in various ways: "Isla has continued 
from the earliest times to the present; "Ilacht" and "Ilycht" meant the 
Isla men; among Gaelic forms were "de lie" or "Yle." Younger sons were 
styled "de Insulis" and "Illis " (The List Macdonalds of Isla). Besides the 
above, there are found Ylis and Yllis, des Isles in 1292, de Hyle in 1295 and 
d'Eyl in 1297, de Ysle in 1336, Ilys in 1346, the lyles in 1626, the Eylis in 
1630, etc. 



6o MACIAINS OF 1 1545-06 

It is apparent that McConel and McOnell are forms of Mac- 
Donald; the reason for that form of the name is given in the 
Appendix, in the Table of some spellings of the name (Mac) 
Donald. 

Donald Dubh, claimant to the forfeited lordship of the Isles 
and earldom of Ross, having escaped from imprisonment in 
which he had been detained from infancy by the King, was re- 
ceived with open arms by the island chiefs; they instantly took 
the field in support of his claims, and Alexander Macian (Mac- 
donald) of Ardnamurchan is mentioned among his supporters 
(Gregory's History of the Western Highlands, 70, note). 

In 1545 Donald Dubh escaped for the second time (first from 
Inchconnell, now from Edinburgh Castle), and "again summoned 
the men of the Isles to his standard, . . . Alexander Maclain 
was among the first to join him, and his importance may be 
measured by his elevation to the position of one of the Council 
of the Island Claimant. He also was one of the eighteen Com- 
missioners appointed by Donald Dubh to treat with Henry VIII. 
of England. We thus see that Alexander Maclain played an 
important part during that stirring time." (Clan Donald, II., 
169). 

"The death of Donald Dubh in 1545, left no claimant to the 
Lordship of the Isles The Islanders, after a while, chose James 
MacDonald of Isla, [and of Dunneveg and the Glinns], as their 
leader a chieftain whose pretensions to the Lordship of the 
Isles were much inferior to those of Donald Gorm of Sleat." . . . 
"The repeated failures of the western clans to re-establish, in any 
shape, the old lordship of the Isles, proved to them the futility of 
making another attempt. Having no longer a common object, 
the clans, by degrees, became estranged from each other, and 
the less powerful ones were forced to contend against the 
aggressions of their stronger neighbors." (History of the Clan 
MacLeari). James MacDonald here mentioned, "took no overt 
action, but subsided once more into the attitude of a loyal sub- 
ject, and was restored to favor with the Scottish Regent." With 
this act passed away the hope that the ancient title ['of the 
Isles'] might yet be restored. (Adapted from Clan Donald). 

Referring to the above James, a few quotations follow, of 
portions of a document accompanying another in 1546, and 
among the State Papers, from "The Lord Deputy and Council 



1546-80 ARDNAMURCHAN. 6 1 

of Ireland to the Privy Council in England." The principal 
one mentions "letters from one Jamez McConel, whiche nowe 
declareth hymself Lorde of the Isles, by the consent of the no- 
bilitie of the Insulans." The accompanying declaration says: 
"At Ardnamurchan, the 24 day of Januar the zeir of God ane 
thowsand fyef hundyr 46 zeir. We, James McConaill of Dunne- 
waik and ye Glinnis, and aperand aeyr of ye Yllis," [pray the 
Lord Deputy of Ireland and Council of Dublin to express to the 
King] "that we ar raddy, efter owr extrem power, our kynis- 
man and alya, naymly owr cusyng, Alan McKlayn of Gyga,Clan- 
ronald, Clanchanrown [Cameron] Clancayn [Maclan] and owr 
awyn sowrnaym, bayth north and sowth, to tak ane part with 
the said Erl of Lenox, or ony oder quhat sumever, ye Kyngis 
Majeste plaissis to haif autyrise or constitut be His Grace, in 
Scotland". . . [and he mentions a bond] "maid to our seyf, 
and Maister Donald Lord Yllis, qhowrn God asolyeit ye qhilk 
deid in His said Graceis serwice . . .we requyer thwa orthre 
schyppis to be send to ws to (ye yll of Sanday besyid Kintyr, at 
vSanct Patrikis day next to cowm, or yair by) and . . .we haif 
afixit our propir seill to the samyng, with our subscription man- 
uall, the day zeir and place abowven expremit. 

(Signed) James McConel of 

L- S. Dunnewaik & Gli'nis." 

"In a rental of the Bishopric of the Isles and Abbacy of lona 
of the year 1561, we find that Maclain held the lands of Garga- 
deill, in Ardnamurchan, as tenant of the Abbot of lona, while 
he possessed the Isle of Muck, as tenant of the Bishop of the Isles. 
(Clan Donald, II., 169). Furthermore there is the following 
curious document: 

"Act of the Lords of Council and Session, in causa Bishop of 
the Isles against the Islesmen,*i5<So. 

Tertio Decembris, anno 1580. 

Anent the sumondis raisit at the instance of ane reuerend 
father in God, jhonne Bischop of the lies aganes Gilemane 
M'Neill of Baray, . . . Johne M'Ane of Arinamurchan . . . 
To heir it be fundin, be decreit of the counsale, that the saidis 
persones,andilk ane of thame, hes intromettit with the maillis, 
fermes, teyndis and deuties pertenying and belanging to the landis 
and kirks pert enying to the said reuerend father within the bischop- 
*Register of Decreet of Council and Session, LXXXIL, 169 



62 MACIAINS OF 1580-85 

rik of His and abbay of Ycolmkill, ilk ane of them for thair awin 
pairtis of the cropis and yeiris of God I m v c Ixxij, lxxiij,anddiuerss 
vtheris yeiris . . . The said reuerend father compeirand be 
Mr. Alexander Mauchane, his procuratour" . . .etc. (Historical 
Account of lona, 91, L- Maclean). 

VIII. JOHN succeeded Alexander. "He had by his first wife 
his heir and successor John Og; also a daughter Una, who mar- 
ried Allan Maclean of Ardthornish, of whom the Macleans of 
Kinlochaline, Drirnnin, Pennycross and others. He married 
(secondly) Janet Campbell, Dowager Lady of Duart." (Clan 
Donald, III., 211, 212). 

John appears to have become chief in 1585, in which year 
began |a serious feud between the MacDonalds of Sleat and Mac- 
Leans of Dowart, developing later into a war which involved 
all the MacDonalds and MacLeans, and Maclain of Ardnamur- 
chan took sides naturally with the MacDonalds. According 
to a MacLean tradition, one incident in the feud was that John 
Maclain falsely represented that Lachlan MacLean had executed 
two MacDonald hostages: thereupon Angus MacDonald of 
Dunnyveg executed two notable MacLean prisoners, following 
which the MacLeans invaded Ardnamurchan, and according 
to the MacLean Seanachies, "peace was purchased by the 
marriage of Maclains' daughter Una, and Allan Maclean, to 
whom certain lands were given in name of dowry." (Clan Donald, 
II., 169, 170). 

The Maclean account is of course somewhat different, and in 
brief relates that the Bishop of the Isles granted Lachlan, 6th 
Maclean of Coll, certain land in the Island of Muke [Muck?] 
"formerly the property of the Maclans of Ardnamurchan, who, 
keeping violent possession of the island, Coll had fourteen of their 
number" put to death, for which the Maclans took their revenge 
afterwards (p. 308) . . . Hector, son of Lachlan, had the island 
of Muke given him by his father. "The Maclans of Ardna- 
murchan from a feeling of revenge for some supposed injury 
done them by Hector's father, [possibly explained by the pre- 
ceding paragraph], and being privately instigated by their 
cunning and artful enemy Sir Donald Campbell, now the possessor 
of the property of the Maclan Chief," landed on Muck, seized 
some cattle, and were fired upon by Hector, who was shot dead. 
The murderers were afterwards apprehended and hanged (p. 322). 



1586-88 ARDNAMURCHAN. 63 

And as to hanging, Dixon in the Border Clans, 47, intimates 
that retainers took it almost as a matter of course, and as better 
than dying in their beds : when led out to execution they listened 
calmly to the priest as he recited the Fifty-first Psal in Latin, 
the Neck-verse, so called because said when the halter was on 
their necks. 

The troubles proceeded with other branches; in 1586 there 
was an invasion of Mull and Tiree by the MacDonalds of Islay 
and Skye under Angus MacDonald [of Dunnyveg], supported 
amongst others, by Clanian of Ardnamurchan, in revenge for 
the devastation of Islay by the MacLeans. (Lang's History of 
Scotland. I., 417)- 

In 1587 "certain charges are made against Maclain and others, 
the Council meantime prohibiting him from gathering his men in 
arms. In the same year his name is found in the Roll of Chiefs, 
and the Clan Iain are found in the Roll of Clans sent down in 
the Act of Parliament commonly called the General Bond. These 
indicate the position of Maclain and his Clan in the history of 
the Highlands at this time, and it seems to have been one of 
considerable importance, despite the absence of crown charters." 
(Clan Donald, II., 170). 

The first of the rolls mentioned in the previous paragraph is 
evidently the one in the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, 
(James VI., A. D. 1587), and which reads in part: "THE ROLL 
of ye names of ye landislordis and baillies of landis duelland in 
the bordouris and in the hielandis quhair brokin men hes duelt 
and pntlie duellis." In this long roll of names and titles is in- 
cluded tn c kane of ardnam r chin. 

According to the Reg. Privy Council Scot., letters are directed 
in 1587, to officers and sheriffs, to command and charge several 
persons, including John Mckane of Ardnamurchan, to deliver 
up eight hostages for MacLean, to Archibald, Earl of Argyle, 
Lord Campbell and Lome. 

A painful piece of treachery is related by several authori- 
ties as having occurred about this time : 

MacLean of Dowart, in 1588, "having failed openly to kill 
John Mckane of Ardnamurchin " treacherously invited him and 
his friends to the marriage of Janet Campbell, the mother of 
MacLean; and after the banquet and after McKane and his 
friends had "fallen on sleep," the MacLeans killed about eighteen 



64 MACIAINS OF 1588 

"gentlemen, besides others," and but for his own defense and 
the earnest suit of MacLean's mother, would have killed McKane; 
however, he was detained in captivity, with Allaster McKane, 
and Angus McKane, his page, for all of which MacLean was 
denounced rebel. 

The foregoing is evidently the circumstance alluded to in 
Browne's History of the Highlanders and Clans, as follows, but 
as having occurred in 1591: "In order to strengthen his own 
power and to weaken that of his antagonist, (Angus Macdonald 
of Kintyre), Sir Lauchlan Maclean attempted to detach John 
Maclain of Ardnamurchan, from Angus Macdonald and his 
party. Maclain had formerly been an unsuccessful suitor for 
the hand of Macleans' mother, and Sir Hector now gave him 
an invitation to visit him in Mull, promising, at the same time, 
to give him his mother in marriage. Maclain accepted the invi- 
tation, and on his arrival in Mull, Maclean prevailed on his mother 
to marry Maclain, and the nuptials were accordingly celebrated 
at Torloisk in Mull. Maclean thought that by gratifying Mac- 
Iain in his long-wished for object, he would easily succeed in 
obtaining his assistance against Macdonald, but he was disap- 
pointed in his expectations, for no persuasion could induce Mac- 
Iain to join against his own tribe, towards which, notwithstand- 
ing his matrimonial alliance, he entertained the strongest affec- 
tion. Chagrined at the unexpected refusal of Maclain, Sir Lauch 
Ian resolved to punish his refractory guest by one of those gross 
infringements of the laws of hospitality which so often marked 
the hostility of rival clans. During the dead hour of the night 
he caused the door of Maclains' bed-chamber to be forced open, 
dragged him from his bed, and from the rms of his wife, and put 
him in close confinement after killing eighteen of his followers. 
After suffering a year's captivity, he was released and exchanged 
for Maclean's son and the other hostages in Macdonald's posses- 
sion." Fraser-Mackintosh adds in Last Alacdonalds of Isla: 
"The evil doers were committed to the Castle of Edinburgh, 
were afterwards reconciled and a severe penalty imposed upon 
the first that would break the peace." 

Lachlan Maclean was summoned to appear before the Privy 
Council and to produce the persons of his prisoners: he failed 
to do so and was pronounced rebel, but appears to have given 
Maclain his liberty; the treatment the latter had received, how- 



1588 ARDNAMURCHAX. 65 

ever, aroused the indignation of the Macdonalds of Clan Ranald ; 
and MacLean of Dowart, "not waiting to be attacked, invaded 
the Islands of Rum, Cana, Eigg and Muck, which belonged to 
the Clan Iain and Clan Ranald," after which he "made a descent 
on the district of Ardnamurchan, and laid siege to the Castle of 
Mingarry. Here he was met by the Macdonald chieftains, who 
defeated him with great slaughter. (Abridged from Clan Donald, 

II, 173)- 

Disputes about the Rhinns, (certain lands in Islay), caused 
depredations and trouble between the Clans of MacDonald and 
MacLean, leading to the narrow escape of John Maclan of Ard- 
namurch (otherwise Johnne McKane of Ardmurchin), and which 
feud was sought to be allayed by ths marriage between Allan 
MacLean and Una Maclan. 

It may be a relief to quote a few archaic fragments about the 
foregoing MacLean raid as quaintly set forth in the Register of 
the Privy Council of Scotland, which relates in fulness of detail 
and indignation in 1588, that Lachlan MacLean, "accompayed 
with a grite nowmer of thevis, broken men, andsornaies of Clannis 
besydis the nowmer of ane hundreth Spanyeartis,* come, . . . 
byrnt the same Illis, with the haill men, wemen and childrene 
being thoir intill, not spairing the pupillis and infantis, and at 
that same tyme past to the Castell of Ardnamurchin, (Mingarry), 
assegeit the same, and lay abowte the said Castell three dayis- 
using in the meantyme all kind of hostilitie and force, baith be 
fyre and swerd . . . the like barbarous and shamefull crueltie 
has sendle bene hard of amangis Christeanis in any kingdome or 
age." They were only forced from their warm attentions by 
"gude subjectis." The MacDonalds on their part, employed 

*These notable allies consisted of a hundred marines borrowed from the 
Florida (Florencia, the Florentine galleon), one of the scattered remnants 
of the Spanish Armada, and which ship had put into a bay in Mull for pro- 
visions. She never left the bay, for a Scotch prisoner on board blew her up 
"by sulphurous powder of her magazine," with the loss of himself and the 
crew of some three hundred men. 

It should be noted that in Tune, 1905, attempts were made after several 
failures to bring up from the sunken hull bronze cannon, gold doubloons and 
other expected treasure trove, under the action of the present Duke of Ar- 
gyle. The newspaper accounts differ slightly from ours, in stating that 
the ship was the Admiral of Florence, that she put into Tobermory Bay for 
food and water, and being claimed for the king of Scotland, the commander 
blew her up. 



66 MACIAINS OF 1588-95 

English mercenaries, and James VI., being in want of money, 
and having induced the chiefs of both clans to come to Edin- 
burgh on the pretence of consulting with the king and council 
for the good of the country, seized and imprisoned them and 
fined them ,20,000 each, taking hostages in the meantime, and 
they only returned to their estates in 1591, after being com- 
manded to live in quietness. (Adapted from the History of 
the Clan MacLeari). 

John the elder died apparently about 1591. The Account of 
Clan Maclean by a Seneachie, p. 330, intimates that he was 
instrumental in the death of Allan Maclean's father, Ian Dubh 
of Morvern, who was beheaded by Angus Macdonald of Isla. 
John was succeeded by his son 

IX. JOHN OG or OIG (the Younger). 

In 1592 King James [VI.], being as usual, in sore need of money, 
issued a decree commanding the Chiefs to find surety for the 
payment of the rents of their lands ; those who failed to obey were 
put to the horn :* John Og Maclain must have found the secu- 
rity, for the King, with advice of his Council, ordered him to 
be released from the horn. (Clan Donald, II., 174). The full 
clause is found in the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, 
under date 1593: "the King . . . ordains letters to issue to 
relax the following persons from the horn for any cause bygone, 
receive them to the King's peace ' and gif to thame the wandf 
thairof :' " among them are Johnne McAne of Ardnamurchane. 

Also in 1593 (25th October), James VI. held his Court at Min- 
gary, and he was again there on the i8th May, 1595. (The 
Last Macdonalds of Isla) . 

In 1594-95, Queen Elizabeth was hard put to it to retain Ire- 
land, assisted as that "distressful country" was by the galleys 
of the MacDonalds; for the Isles could, on an emergency, raise 
a force of six thousand hardy troops, accustomed to danger both 
by land and sea, and equipped for war on either element. To 
keep this force away from Ireland, MacL,ean stood ready to 

*Horning, or being put to the horn, was a process requiring a debt [or 
fine?] to be paid within a limited time; probably so called from the procla- 
mation being made with sound of horn. 

flf this be not a contraction of "warrand" (or warrant), it must allude to 
the baton of office borne by the messenger of a court of justice; when hin- 
dered from enforcing the law, he broke his wand or staff. 



ARDNAMURCHAN. 67 

attack the possessions of any chief who left his home unprotected ( 
and with the aid of Argyle and the English ships, dispersed the 
fleet of the Islesmen. He also surprised and took prisoner the 
captain of Clan Ranald, Maclan of Ardnamurchan and others, 
thereby gaining for himself the titles of "anevailyeantman of weir, 
and ane man of honour," and strangest of all, a thousand crowns 
from the parsimonious queen, but the last with such difficulty 
and delay that his own force was nearly disbanded, and many 
MacDonalds crossed over to Ireland to assist Tyrone. (Adapted 
from the History of the Clan MacLeari). 

The capture of the chiefs of Clanranald and of Ardnamurchan 
is also mentioned in Clan Donald, II., 175, where they are called, 
in a quotation "the maist doubtlit and able men in the Isles," 
and are said to have been thrown into a dungeon, but released 
when Lachlan Mor MacLean was called upon by the King to 
answer for his conduct. In Tytler's History of Scotland, IX., 
202, it is stated that Maclain and his men constituted part of 
a force of 900 under the Captain of Clanranald, and which was 
on the way to join Tyrone in Ireland. 

Soon after these doings, John Og Maclain was witness to a 
tack or lease by Angus MacDonald of Dunnyveg, of lands in 
Sunart. "The lands of Sunart had been, as we have seen, for 
a long time a bone of contention between the families of Dunny- 
veg and Ardnamurchan, and from the fact that neither had a 
legal title, it is somewhat singular to find the chieftains parties 
to a transaction which in law could not be binding. By his 
signing as a witness, Maclain would seem to acquiesce in the 
disposition of lands by another which he formerly claimed as 
his own. (Clan Donald, II., 175). 

"In 1595, John Og Maclain is offered as a surety for Alexander 
Macranald of Keppoch in a contract between the latter and the 
Earl of Argyle. And as still further evidence of his importance 
in the sphere of Highland politics, we find about the same time in a 
bond of caution by Lachlan Maclean of Dowart reference made 
to Maclain as one of the principal men of the Isles." (Ibid., II., 
176.) 

The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland states that in 
1596 "Lauchlane Macklane of Dowart gives bonds in 20,000 marks, 
but the bond is not to extend to any action or quarrell with the 
Clan Donald . . . Clan Eane, and their friends and partakers 



68 MACIAINS OF 1596-1601 

till the principals and chiefs of the said Clans find caution on 
the like condition." 

X. DONALD Mac MhicEoin, uncle of John Og Maclain, mur- 
dered the latter about 1596, and has a position in this list, but 
for a very short time, as he was killed in his turn, by the Mac- 
lains and Camerons, about 1602. 

It is stated in the History of the Camerons, page 70, that John Og- 
Maclan of Ardnamurchan, who had been betrothed to one of 
the daughters of Allan Cameron of Lochiel, was murdered about 
1598 by his uncle MacMhic Hoin, with the view of succeeding 
him in his estate arid command of the clan as the next heir, 
lyochiel having the highest esteem for Maclan on account of his 
many excellent qualities, determined to avenge his death, and 
pursued the murderer, who fled to Mull to the protection of 
Maclean of Duart, and was killed in the resulting skirmish at 
Morvern, where his tomb is still pointed out. 

Among other details of the lamentable occurrence given in 
Clan Donald, II., 176, we read that his uncle Donald Maclain 
the murderer, had had differences with John Og, about the pos- 
session of Sunart, to which Donald laid claim, "he was besides, 
presumptive heir to his nephew, and would, therefore, in the 
event of the latter dying without issue, succeed him as head 
of the family of Ardnamurchan. While preparations were being 
made for the celebration of the marriage of the young chieftain, 
and as he was returning from a visit to L,ochiel, accompanied 
by a small retinue, he was attacked and slain by his uncle, who 
was lying in wait for him at a place in Sunart." 

The tradition is that being warm under the weight of his ar- 
mor, Donald in the fight following the pursuit which resulted 
in his death, was raising his helmet, and one of the Camerons 
remarking: "though mighty, this will do for him," sped an 
arrow which pinioned Donald's hand to his skull. 

In 1 60 1 the necessities of the avaricious James VI. made 
him again turn his eyes upon the highland chiefs and endeavor 
to get up some fresh charge against them whereby he might 
replenish his exhausted coffers . . . He tried process for non- 
payment of crown rents, but this was abandoned by the Council. 
He then gave commission of lieutenancy over the southern and 
northern isles to Argyle and Huntly, and put an armed force at 
their command, . . .finally "they were offered a royal grant 



l6oi-03 ARDNAMURCHAN. 69 

of all the lands they might conquer by the total extirpation 
of the existing proprietors within a given period, provided they 
agreed to pay rent for them. Huntly was called off by the 
nobles and ministers of the reformed faith, and the privy council 
with the king's sanction withdrew Huntly 's commission. 
(Adapted from Records of Priiiy Council, 23rd June, 1607). 

"On the death of Donald Maclain, 

XI. JOHN MACALLISTER Vc IAIN succeeded as head of the 
family, [about 1602], but his succession to the lands of Ardna- 
murchan was disputed by the Earl of Argyle. The Clan Iain 
being weakened by intestine broils, Argyle seized his opportunity 
to enforce the deed of conveyance granted in favour of the fourth 
Earl by the heiress, Mariot Maclain . . .The Earl further 
promised faithfully to protect Maclain in the possession of these 
lands ... it would appear that Maclain delivered up his old 
title-deeds and did not receive the promised charter in return. 
There is also a tradition to the effect that the title-deeds came 
into the possession of Argyle by his having found them with 
a burgess of Edinburgh, with whom Maclain left them as a 
pledge for a debt incurred in educating his son. Be this as it 
may, the old charter of 1499 granted to John Maclain for ap- 
prehending the Macdonalds of Dunnyveg is now in the Argyle 
charter chest." (Clan Donald, II., 177, 178). 

"The departure of King James from his native Scotland to 
take possession of the English crown, [in 1603], and the turmoil 
which followed and continued for some time, no doubt prevented 
Argyle, who was busy elsewhere, extending his influence and 
possessions in the name of law and order, from taking actual 
possession of Ardnamurchan . The history of the Ardnamur- 
chan family from this juncture is one long and desperate strug- 
gle, in which they succeeded for a time in holding their own 
against several branches of the Clan Campbell. (Ibid., II., 178). 

We hope the accompanying map will prove acceptable. It 
shows that in the i6th century, the Maclans of Ardnamurchan 
and of Glencoe, with occupants in Glencoan and Loch Aber, 
were spread over a long stretch of territory about the latitude 
56: 45'. The map only partially indicates how widely distrib- 
uted was the powerful parent Clan of MacDonald, extending 
far beyond the limits of the map ; we have easily collected seventy- 



MACIAINS 



1 6th cent. 



eight families of the title, each specified by a local name, and they 
may be found tabulated in the Appendix. Indeed it was said 
that there were more rascally MacDonalds than there were honest 
men in all the rest of the clans, and as to their alleged acquisit- 




Sketch-Mop indicating the position of some of the 
Macdonalds, etc., in the 16th Century and afterwards'. 
Compiled from Johnston, Black, etc., kj .F. G. MK. 



iveness that they were more like MacTak's than MacGi'es, 
but we may accept this as the tribute of envy, because Robertson 
the historian says: "Of all the clans, that of the MacDonalds 



l6l2 ARbNAMURCHAN. 71 

is by every rule of antiquity, power and numbers fully entitled 
to be spoken of before any other." And in lists of Scottish 
families with descriptive adjectives prefixed, will be found "The 
brave MacDonalds;" but in reference to the numerous dependent 
septs, and for the sake of certain definitions, we will make further 
quotations in a footnote.* A few names, mostly of neighbor- 
clans or of no ted places have been added in the map; but the 
large letters "Argyle" are an anachronism, as they represent 
the present shire of that name. 

As to one place inserted, Hill's Macdonnels of Antrim has the 
following: "Mingarry Castle stands on a low, rocky promon- 
tory, south of Ardnamurchan Point. The Castle, fifty feet in 
length and three stories in height, is surrounded by an irregu- 
lar hexagonal wall nearly as high as itself, and rising immedi- 
ately from the edge of the rock to the angles of which those of 
the castle are adapted. Mingarrie was the ancient and celebrated 
residence of the Maclan Macdonnells of Ardnamurchan until 
their expulsion by the Campbells at the commencement 
of the i yth century." We may continue that according to 
Origines Parochiales Scotiae, in 1612 (?) a commission was 
gran ted by Archibald, seventh earl of Argyle, to Donald Campbell of 
Barbreck-Lochow, "to take and receive the castle of Mingaray, 
and to put keepers in it at the Earl's expense, with power to sum- 

*In an interesting little book published in 1896, and called What is my 
Tartan? Frank Adam states that Gregory divides the Clan Donald into 
nine main branches, including the Clans Ian of Ardnamurchan and Glencoe, 
and he himself enumerates no fewer than seventy-two clan-septs out of five 
hundred that he tabulates, which were septs and dependents of the various 
branches of the MacDonalds, including Maclan, MacKean and some other 
spellings to be found in a Table in the Appendix. His book quotes the defi- 
nition of "Clan" as follows, though he also gives a much fuller description 
of the term. "A Highland Clan is a set of men, all bearing the same sur- 
name, and believing themselves to be related the one to the other, and to 
be descended from the same stock. In each Clan are several subaltern tribes, 
who own their dependence on their own immediate chief, but all agree in 
owing allegiance to the supreme chief of the Clan or kindred, and look upon 
it to be their duty to support him in all adventures." He also states that 
"there were no Clans among the Gael until after the great Celtic Earls be- 
came extinct, and which began in the thirteenth century. " Septs he de- 
scribes as minor "families, who, though possessing no tartan of their own, 
are entitled to wear that of the Clan, with whom they are connected or on 
whom they are dependent. " The first list of Highland Clans was dated 
1587, there was another in 1594. 



MACIAINS OF 1 8th and 1 9th cent. 





MINGARRY CASTLE, ARDNAMURCHAN. 



1602-05 ARDNAMURCHAN. 73 

mon before him the tenants of Ardnamurchan to fix and collect 
the Earl's rents and punish refractory tenants." 

The author of The Last Macdonalds of Isla writes: "It was 
at Mingarry that Alexander Macdonald and his men landed 
from Ireland to assist Montrose, and as a strong garrison was 
kept there up to Montrose's overthrow, it may be taken for 
granted that such of the Maclains as remained, rallied to their 
kinsman's standard. [See date 1644]. The "Prospect of Min- 
garry Castle" is copied here from the book just mentioned, and 
is said to show the castle as it appeared in 1734. It is explained 
that the wall around it formed "a kind of polygon for the pur- 
pose of adapting itself to the projecting angles of the precipice 
overhanging the sea, and on which the castle stands." A 
more modern and artistic representation of the Castle, from 
another point of view, is also given (reproduced from Clan 
Donald, II., 158). 

To resume the Notes: 

About the middle of 1602, certain troubles originating in the 
never-ending dispute about lands, culminated in the MacLeans 
assisting the MacKenzies by invading the territories of the Mac- 
Donalds of Islay, Ardnamurchan and Glencoe, those chiefs 
being about to assist their namesakes the Clan Ranald of Glen- 
garry; but Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyle, claim- 
ing the MacDonalds to be his vassals, procured criminal letters 
against the MacLeans. It was probably in the course of the 
"variance and contraversie " referred to, between the MacKen- 
zies and Glengarries, that "Glengarry's son was killed in battle 
near Ellondonan, and buried in the doorway of the Church of 
Kintail, so that the MacKenzies might trample on him every 
Sunday." (Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, 1602). 

The following seems to be in some respects a different set of 
occurrences from those under date 1601 : 

The chiefs of the principal clans were summoned in 1605 to 
appear at Kintyre before Sir David Murray, (Lord Scone), 
Comptroller of Scotland, for the payment of the King's rents and 
duties, showing of title-deeds, etc. ; only the MacDonalds of 
Dunyveg went; the rest, including the Maclans of Ardnamur- 
chan and Glencoe did not attend the meeting, probably knowing 
that their only tenure was arms and men, and certainly not "crot- 
chets upon parchment;" so the Marquis of Huntly undertook 



74 MACIAINS Otf 1605-29 

to extirpate "the barbarous people of the Isles, within a year." 
Fortunately for them the marquis belonged to the church of 
Rome, and the jealous Presbyterians of the council decreed that 
he should hear sermons in order to reclaim him from his errors; 
the delay actually seems to have postponed a "massacre of 
Glencoe." (Adapted from the History of the Clan MacLeari). 

"From all this it would appear that the authority of the Argyle 
family had not been established in Ardnamurchan, and that the 
Clan Iain still possessed that territory, though illegally, upon 
the old charters . . .Lord Ochiltree was appointed lieutenant 
[holding place for the King], in 1608, and held court at Aros in 
Mull, in that year. Maclain of Ardnamurchan wisely avoided 
falling into the trap which was so skilfully laid for the other 
Chiefs. Lord Ochiltree, however, on his return from his expe- 
dition, reported to the Privy Council 'anent the House of Ard- 
namurchan that he held the bond of James Campbell of Lawers 
that it should be delivered whenever required under a penalty of 
10,000' ... In 1609 the Lords of the Privy Council ordered 
Maclain to be summoned before them, for a certain day, to 
'underly such order as shall be taken with him touching his obe- 
dience to his Majesty, under the pain of rebellion.' There is 
no evidence that Maclain ever answered the summons, and the 
probability is that he was dead before the day appointed . . . " 
(Clan Donald, II., 179, 180). 

John Maclain left a son, 

XII. ALEXANDER, who was a minor at the time of his father's 
death . In the year- 1 6 1 1 we find from the Register of the Privy 
Seal, that the Clan Iain of Ardnamurchan were led by Donald 
Maclain, uncle of the minor, who is referred to as Tutor of Ard- 
namurchan." In 1612, taking advantage of a lull and of the 
minority of young Maclain, Archibald, Karl of Argyle, made 
one more effort to establish his authority in the district of Ard- 
namurchan. (Abridged from Clan Donald, II., 180). 

The effort is thus mentioned in another work : 

"Intheyear 1612 . . . Donald Campbell, styled of Barbreck, got a 
commission to ' receive the Castle of Mingarry and put keepers there . 
He was also made Tenant of the Lands. . .In 1622 he made a 
false charge against Allister Maclain that he was congregating 
his men with a view to rebellion. Before 1629 he became Pro- 
prietor of Ardnamurchan and was created a Baronet. His 



1619-21 ARDNAMURCHAN. 75 

oppression now was greater than ever, so that the poor Mac- 
lains, driven from the land, became Sea Rovers, and were called 
Pirates." The History of the Macdonnells of Antrim says of Sir 
Donald Campbell and George Campbell of Airds: "Both uncle 
and nephew were infamous for the cruelty and rapacity with which 
they rooted out and destroyed the old family and clan of the 
Macdonalds, known as the Maclains of Ardnamurchan." (The 
Last Macdonalds of Isla) . 

"In return for his services as Commissioner, Mr. Donald 
Campbell ("Magister, " being originally a churchman) received 
from Argyle a lease of the lands of Ardnamurchan." His sev- 
erity was such that the Maclains broke out into open rebellion. 
Then the Privy Council compelled the Tutor Donald to give a 
bond "as taking burden for Alexander Maclain of Ardnamur- 
chan, his nephew, and for all persons for whom his nephew was 
by law obliged to answer, that they should keep good rule in 
the country and obey the laws;" also that he would appear annu- 
ally or oftener to render his obedience under penalty of 2000 
merks. He looked for help to a third party, and Sir James 
Macdonald of Dunnyveg having just escaped from Edinburgh 
Castle, was joined by the Maclains of Ardnamurchan, who ren- 
dered conspicuous service during his short and ill-planned cam- 
paign, "and thus only succeeded in making themselves still 
more obnoxious to the Government and the Clan Campbell." 
Donald Maclain failed to appear, incurred the penalty of 2000 
merks and the Council gave a decree against him. Campbell, 
Argyle's tenant, hastened to put into force the sentence of the 
Privy Council against Donald Maclain. "About 1619 Donald 
McEan in Ormisage, John, Angus and Donald his sons, Alaster 
McAngus VcEan in Ardsliginish, Alaster McConeill VcEan in 
Camisingle, and a number of others of the Clan Iain were put to 
the horn and denounced rebels." Matters went from bad to 
worse, and about 1621 Alexander Maclain was at the head of 
his men in open rebellion, and bidding defiance to the whole 
Campbell Clan; and his sureties Macleod, Clanranald and Mac- 
Lean of Coll were summoned for not exhibiting certain rebels 
of the Clan Iain for whom they had pledged themselves, and 
they also were declared rebels. (Abridged from Clan Donald 
II., 181-185). 

"The Clan Iain had now broken loose from all ordinary modes 



76 MACIAINS Otf 1625 

of warfare, and, taking to a piratical life, they became the 
terror of the Western seas. It seems to us that, judged by the 
standard of their time, and their peculiar circumstances, there 
was much to justify the conduct of the Maclains. They had 
been pressed hard for years by their enemies, the Campbells, 
who had by unfair means dispossessed them of their lawful in- 
heritance. For the repressive measures of the Government 
itself, it is difficult to find excuse, for the Maclains of Ard- 
namurchan were not sinners above all the other Hebrideans. 
The piratical band of Clansmen having seized an English ship, 
which they manned and armed, the Government at once took 
steps to suppress the insurrection." (Ibid., II., 185, 186). 

Some of the measures taken against the "Clan Kan" are de- 
tailed in the work last quoted, and also in The Great Marquess, 
by John Wilcox, p. 17; and among them warrant was given to 
James, Archbishop of Glasgow [the Church was then a Church 
Militant] and Sir William Livingston to provide vessels well 
armed, for the pursuit of the Clan Ban; also a commission of 
fire and sword was given to Lord Lorn and four lairds against 
them ; the Maclains, however, continued operations which 
would now be called piratical, but under the persuasion of those 
times, that almost "all property was common by the law of 
of nature." 

In 1625 the Council wrote to 4;he King about the "rebellis of 
the Clan Kane be whom not only your maiesties awne subjectis, 
bot the subjectis of otheris princes yo r maiesties friends and con- 
federates were havelie distrest and robbed of thair shippis and 
goodis and some of them cruellie and barbarouslie slain." The 
rebels, pursued by Lord Lome and other notables, were driven 
from the Southern to the Northern Isles; from the island of 
Skye they were pursued across the Minch to the main land, 
where, in the Clanranald's country, (some of whom had joined 
them), they hid themselves in the woods and caves of Arisaig 
and Moidart. (Abridged from Clan Donald, II., 186, 187). 

"The Maclain rebellion being at length suppressed, Lord 
Lorn and those associated with him, landed at Ardnamurchan, 
and made a pretence of driving away the few followers of the 
Clan Iain that still remained there. Lorn was thanked by the 
Privy Council for his services, and Mr. Donald Campbell became 
proprietor of Ardnamurchan for an annual feu duty of 2000 



1629-44 ARDXAMURCHAN. 77 

merks, payable to Argyle, the Superior. The Clan Iain now 
ceased to exist as a territorial family. It appears, however, 
that Alexander Mac Iain, the head of the family, received a con- 
siderable sum of money in name of compensation for his claims 
on the lands of Ardnamurchan. At Edinburgh, on the 22nd 
of April, 1629, he gives his bond for .40,000 Scots to Robert 
Innes, burgess of Fortrose, a sum which represented at that 
time a very large fortune. It appears from this transaction that 
however much the family of Ardnamurchan may have suffered 
otherwise, they were now, financially at least, in a very flourish- 
ing condition." (Ibid., II., 187). 

' 'Very little is known of the history of the Maclains as a family 
from the time of their landing in the Moidart district in 1625 
. . .According to the Morar MS., John Macdonald of Clanranald 
became answerable to the King for the future good be- 
'haviour of the Clan Iain. As we have seen, they had already 
acknowledged Clanranald as their Chief, and the small rem- 
nant now left of them identified themselves with his branch of 
the Clan Donald." (Ibid., II., 187, 188). 

Though we may have only one further mention to make of mem- 
bers of the Ardnamurchan family, it may be interesting to note a 
few quotations in which the names of their former places and 
territories are mentioned; they themselves were included among 
"The Islesmen." 

Slightly different from the account above is one in Moidart, 
or Among the Clanranalds, by the Reverend Charles MacDonald : 

"When the Maclans of Ardnamurchan were chased from the 
sea and forced to give up their career of piracy, it is related of 
one of their bands that being hotly pursued by a Government 
ship, and some galleys belonging to the hostile clans, they ran 
their vessel ashore near Ardtoe, and taking to the woods betw r een 
that place and Sheilfoot baffled the search of the enemy. They 
afterwards crossed the Sheil river and became absorbed among 
the Clanranald MacDonalds." 

The Maclains had disappeared as a Clan, but mention remains 
of their localities, their acts among the Islesmen, and of a few 
individuals. 

"In 1644 determined effort was made to support the King 
[Charles] from Ireland. The Earl of Antrim got full power 
from the Irish Confederates, exerted himself to the uttermost, 



78 MACIAINS OF 1644-89 

and under promise of Scottish support, raised and equipped over 
2000 men, whom he placed under the command of Alexander 
Macdonald. He sailed in the "Harp," the first body consisting 
of about 1600 men, and they landed at Mingarry on 8th July ( 
1644. There was none to welcome them, and it is possible a 
retreat would have been ordered, were it not that their trans- 
ports had been surprised and burnt. Here the genius of Mac- 
donald displayed itself. He determined to establish a safe 
basis of operation, took and garrisoned the Castles of Mingarry 
and Ivochaline, and felt secure enough to act on the aggressive 
. . straggling bodies of these men were constantly cut off, and 
quarter was never given. Indeed it may be said that hardly a 
man returned to Ireland. (The Last Macdonalds of Isla). 

Before 1670 a document, bearing no date, was drawn up, in 
which Sir James Macdonald of Sleat was acknowledged as "chief 
of the whole name and family of Macdonald," and the declara- 
tion was signed by the chieftains of Ardnamurchan and Glencoe. 
But previously, one of the Dunnyveg Macdonalds seems to have 
been held responsible for "thair haill kyn of Clan Donald." 
(Adapted from Clan Donald, III., 167). The Declaration, which 
is very short, is among the appendices to the same volume, 
and begins: "Be it kend till all men That we undersubscribers 
do testify" etc.. The second statement in Clan Donald is found 
in the Calendar of State Papers nearly a hundred years before, 
that in 1575 the Earl of Essex incloses information from Ireland 
to Queen Elizabeth, that several chieftains in Scotland, and 
among them "the Captain of Clan Rannall, have chosen among 
them I^ord McConnell [indexed Donald McDonald] to be their 
lord and ruler of the isles. " 

About 1685 upwards of forty families in various districts of 
the west of Scotland, including Sunart and Ardnamurchan, 
gave up the Protestant religion, following the example of their 
Chief Macdonald of Sleat, who wished to gratify King James II. 
in that respect. It is thought that certain emigration from 
Scotland to Ireland about this time, was to avoid being called 
on to make a similar change. (Adapted from Rob Roy and his 
Times}. 

At the battle of Killiecrankie, fought in 1689, the reinforce- 
ments from Ardnamurchan and other places had not joined, 
because the day set had not arrived; but it was resolved to 



6th- 1 6th cent. ARDNAMURCHAN. 79 

attack at once, and the Islesmen were on the extreme left in 
this victory. 

Those McKeans who are able and willing to travel outside the 
beaten path, should visit lona, a spot replete with historical 
memories, and sacred to both branches of the clan, as containing 
the graves of some of its ancestors (see the dates 1329, 1518, etc.). 
Kingussie or Badenoch, in Inverness-shire, twenty-three miles 
east-south-east of Fort Augustus (see 1719), must be easy of 
access as it is on the Perth- Inverness railway. An interesting 
description of lona and its Cathedral appears in the History 
of the Clan MacLean, from which book and from other sources 
we take the liberty of borrowing a few notes. The island is a 
small one off the southern point of Mull, and variously called I, 
Hii, Hy, loe, Aoi, and by the English Icolmkill (the church of 
St. Columba). It is believed to have been one of the last re- 
treats of the druids. St. Columba, of the royal family of Ireland, 
with twelve companions, founded a monastery there in the 
sixth century, and which was long the first seminary of learning 
in Europe. His monks and priests were called Gillean-De, or 
servants of God, whence the word Culdee, and for the most part 
they kept aloof from the influence of Rome. In the eighth 
and twice in the ninth century, Scandinavian rovers burned the 
monastery, at that time the only European sanctuary of real 
learning. It was rebuilt, but in the ninth and tenth centuries 
suffered from the Danes, and in the eleventh from the Nor- 
mans. In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, Romish monks 
gained the ascendency, first the Cluniacs and later the Bene- 
dictine monks and nuns, and the present ruins are those of the 
Benedictine establishment. In 1561 an Act was passed by the 
Convention of Estates "for demolishing all the abbeys of monks 
and friars, and for suppressing whatsomever monuments of idol- 
atrie were remaining in the realm." So the monastery was 
bombarded with cannon, three hundred and sixty crosses cast 
into the sea, the great library, together with the registers, burned, 
(Keltic literature sustaining an irreparable loss thereby), and 
the very sepulchres of the dead were rifled. The lands fell into 
the hands of MacLean of Duard. The most commanding of 
the remaining ruins is Saint Mary's Cathedral, some blocks in 
its walls being of immense size. St. Oran's Chapel, close by, 
is now roofless and stands in the principal cemetery; it was erected 



So 



MACIAIKS OF 



1 6th cent. 




i ith-2oth cent. ARDNAMURCHAN. 81 

in the eleventh century by Queen Margaret. In the large en- 
closure, in the cathedral and in this chapel have been buried 
many saints; sixty-four monarchs of Ireland, Norway, France 
and Scotland (the last including Mac Beth) ; chiefs and poten- 
tates of the isles, notably MacDonalds [and as we have seen, 
Maclans], MacLeans, MacLeods, MacKinnons, MacKenzies, 
MacQuarries and others of powerful families; while ladies of 
rank and prioresses are entombed within the chapel of the 
Nunnery. The American Cyclopaedia states that in 1543 Anna 
Macdonald, the last prioress, died. In 1635, King Charles I. 
wrote to the MacLean of that time: "Trustie, etc. Whereas we 
wer informed that of late yow and your umquhile brother Hec- 
tour McCleane did without ordour or anie right violentlie intrude 
yourself in the possession of the Yle of Ycolmekill which belong- 
eth to the Bischop of the Yles for the time" . . . therefore he 
is to restore the island to the bishop. Its present inhabitants, 
two or three hundred in number, depend for their support on 
fishing and agriculture. 

"Lone isle! though storms have round thy turrets rode 

Though their red shafts have sear'd thy marble brow 

Thou wert the temple of the living God, 

And taught earth's millions at his shrine to bow. 

Though desolation wraps thy glories now 

Still thou wilt be a marvel through all time 

For what thou hast been ; and the dead who rot 

Around the fragments of thy towers sublime 

Once taught the world, and sway'd the realm of thought, 

And ruled the warriors of each northern clime." Moore. 

One of the latest notices about lona appeared in The Church- 
man of New York, in July, 1903: "The apparently unfounded 
rumor that the Carthusians were about to purchase lona, the 
island sacred to the memory of Columba, from the Duke of 
Argyll, leads the Paris Figaro to raise this voice of protest, which 
is not without general application: 'When a corner of the earth 
possesses such a history, when the forces of nature and the aban- 
donment by men have invested it with such an aureole of soli- 
tude and of savage grandeur, is it not a mistake to flood it with a 
new life? Has it not acquired the right to that respect which 
we accord to relics? lona is unique of its kind, and surely the 
Duke of Argyll is rich enough to preserve it as it now is, and to 
defend it against whomever would come to disturb its sublime 
memories.'" 



82 



MACIAINS OF 



1719 



ETNT I 
THE 
FA MI 




TOMBSTONE OP THE LAST MACIAINS OF ARDNAMURCHAN, 
IN ST. COI,UMBA CHURCHYARD, KINGUSSIE. 



1719 ARDNAMURCHAN. 83 

Of the tombstone of the last of the Maclains of Ardna- 
murchan in St. Columba Churchyard, Kingussie, and which is 
intimated to belong approximately to the date 1719 Mr. Fraser 
Mackintosh says: "it would seem that two of the Maclains 
remained in Ruthven in poverty and obscurity. Through the 
exertion of Mr. Alexander Macpherson, Banker in Kingussie, 
the old churchyard of that parish was, some years ago, restored 
and beautified. A grave stone with inscription was brought to 
light, of the rudest material, lettering and language, as may be 
seen by the fac-simile given, prepared for these papers by the 
kindness of Mr. Mackenzie, Surveyor's Office, Kingussie, and 
Mr. John Campbell, Inspector of Poor, there." The inscription 
indicates that even in its original condition the stone was a 
broken fragment. Our illustration is from The Last Macdonalds 
of Isla. 

It is highly improbable that there are no descendants of the 
chiefs of this once powerful House, in fact, a family will be men- 
tioned hereafter, but as a broken clan could have no chief, and 
professional genealogists would not record the histories of land- 
less men with no following, there are probably no published 
tables of descent of the later Ardnamurchan Maclans. 



SECTION III. MAC!ANS OF GUJNCOK. 




ADAPTED FROM LOGAN. 



This sept of the MacDonalds derived its local title from a glen 
through which the stream called Coe or Cona, passing through 
Lake Treachatan, flowed on in its way to Loch Leven in what is 
now Argyleshire. in the west of the main land of Scotland. The 
Glen is the traditional home of the poet Ossian, who was there- 
fore called "the voice of Co'ana." On the north side of the valley 
of the Cona is the Hill of Fingal, and close by is "the sunny 
place of Darthula" (a woman so called from the beauty of her 
eyebrows). Later we will have to allude to the rugged moun- 
tains which encompass the Glen, but which did not shelter the 
unfortunate inhabitants from powerful enemies. 

A Smith is now Laird of the territory; no MacDonald of Glen- 
coe has attained sufficient fortune to have an epitome of his family 
history recorded in "Peerage" or "Landed Gentry." It there- 
fore requires considerable research to trace anything like a con- 
nected narrative of this sept of Clan Donald, 

4 



i4th cent. GLENCOE. 85 

Surrounded as they were by other clans: the Camerons on 
the North, Menzies on the East, Campbells on the South and 
Stewarts of Appin on the West, the Clan Ian Abrach has been 
termed an "outpost of the Macdonalds," and much of their 
history is interwoven with that of these neighboring clans. 

Coke upon Littleton says that a man may have more than one 
surname, and this appears to have been the case with the Mac- 
Donalds or Maclans of Glencoe. The murdered chief who was 
the victim of the famous Glencoe Massacre was known indiffer- 
ently as M'Kean, Maccean, M'Ean, Maclan, and MacDonald 
or M' Donald, and M'lan the artist is spoken of in the Diction- 
ary of National Biography as being descended from the old 
M'lans or Macdonalds of Glencoe. In cases like this it seems 
to have been optional with the Highlanders to retain the sept 
or family patronymic, or to revert to the clan surname. An 
illustration is afforded of this, in the case of the celebrated French 
marshal, MacDonald, whose father, a member of the Macdonald 
Clan, was known as Neil McKechin. 

The industrious and accomplished compilers of Clan Donald 
begin their Chapter VII. of Volume II., ("The Macdonalds of 
Glencoe"), by acknowledging that "The history of this branch 
of the Clan Donald is beset perhaps by greater difficulties than 
that of any other family in the wide confederacy. During long 
periods its Annals are worse than obscure, they are hopelessly 
blank . . . Even in the sixteenth century, when light 
dawns upon the rest of the Clan Donald after the fall of the 
Island lordship, the Clanian of Glencoe continue to lurk in their 
dark and cavernous retreats, and their history, until the seven- 
teenth century, is almost entirely a blank. One reason for this 
was that the Chiefs of Glencoe never became Crown vassals, 
or if they did, it was only at a very late period of their history. 
They occupied lands which for the most part were held by Crown 
vassals, and thus the public records which throw so much light 
upon the ownership of land in the case of the other Clan Donald 
septs, are silent on the Clanian, and it is only when the Records 
of the Scottish Privy Council become available for purposes of 
research that the Glencoe family, who gave the authorities a 
lively time, cease to elude the historians' grasp. (Clan Donald, 
II., 189, 190). 



86 MACIANS OF 1325-27 

Both M'Vurich and Hugh Macdonald* are at one as to the 
tradition that Iain Og an fhraoich young John of the heather 
the progenitor of the Glencoe family, was a natural son of Angus 
Og of Isla, Lord of the Isles, by Dugall MacHenry's daughter. 
Why he was called John of the heather we have now no means 
of ascertaining, nor are there data available for confirming or 
rejecting the tradition that there was a bar sinister on his escut- 
cheon, f We know little of him beyond the fact that his father 
gave him the land of Glencoe, apparently by verbal gift. (Ibid., 
II., 190.) 

For the little that is known of some of the forefathers of Iain 
Fraoch, including Conn the Fighter in the 2nd century, Colla 
Uais in the 4th, the "Mighty Somerled" in the i2th and the first 
Donald in the i3th, we refer the reader to other and more preten- 
tious works, but a few paragraphs may be found in Section I. 
"Early Ancestors." 

As to the lands mentioned above, it may be stated here that 
Glencoe, together with the other territories of Angus were con- 
ferred upon John the Good, in 1325, by Edward Balliol, who 
claimed to be king of Scotland. The grants, also including 
Ardinton (Ardnamurchan) were ratified by Edward III. of 
England, for Balliol acknowledged the English king as his su- 
perior and Lord Paramount, and in 1327 King Edward writes 
him a "blandiloquent epistle." 

MacKenzie's History of the Camerons, p. 2, states that accord- 
ing to several authorities, the Camerons, as far back as can be 
traced, had their seat in Lochaber, part held by the Lord of the 
Isles as superior, and appeared to have been first connected with 
the Macdonalds of Islay, in the reign of Robert Bruce, from 
whom Angus Og of Isla had a grant of Lochaber. This is inter- 
esting, because Iain Fraoch, the ancestor of the Maclans of 
Glencoe, was also called Abrach, from his being brought up in 
the district of Lochaber. 

From Iain Fraoch or Abrach the sept got the title Maclain 
and also Abrochson, both spelt in various ways at various times 

*The former an ancient bard and genealogist; the latter the historian of 
the MacDonalds of Sleat, and who wrote in the latter half of the seven- 
teenth century. 

f " John of the Heather " or " Lochaber," is said to have been illegitimate, 
but clan genealogists were fond of bastardizing other lines. (Athenaeum, 1900, 
part II., 1 14). 



1427-31 GLENCOE. 87 

as will be seen, and apparently it was not until 1617 that a con- 
temporary document refers to a Glencoe chieftain as a Macdonald- 
He married the daughter and heiress of Dugald McEanruig or 
MacHenry of Glencoe, though Clan Donald says (III., 212), 
that she was his mother: through her at any rate he seems to 
have acquired the territory of Glencoe according to Logan's 
Clans of the Scottish Highlands. Judging from the Genealogical 
Table in Andrew Lang's History of Scotland he died about 1358. 
He is said to have been buried in lona beside his father. Clan 
Donald, (II., 191), states that "When we say that the founder 
of the Glencoe family flourished about the beginning of the 
fourteenth century we tell nearly the whole history of the sept 
for hundreds of years." 

The account of the beginning of the Glencoe branch, in Mac- 
kenzie's History of the Macdonalds is much like that given above, 
though he says: "It has been found impossible to give a complete 
genealogy of the successive heads of the house. The legitimate 
male-heirs are said to have entirely died out . . ." Logan 
mentions the Clann Mhic Iain Ghlinne Comhann or Maclans 
[of Glencoe], and gives the arms, crest, motto and badge, for 
which See Heraldic Notes in the Appendix. "They held high 
rank among the clans and were sometimes designated 'of the 
Isles "... In the time of James VI. ... it does not appear 
that the Glencoe people had any share in their [the Ardna- 
murchans'] desperate conduct, although from the similarity of 
names it is to be suspected they have been charged with partici- 
pation in the misdeeds of others." 

About 1431 there would appear to have been two John Maclan 
Abrachs. To avenge an act of treachery by King James I. of 
Scotland in 1427, Alexander, third Lord of the Isles, in 1429 
burnt and pillaged Inverness. The king attacked the insurgent 
clans unexpectedly in 1431, and the Camerons and Mackintoshes 
having deserted the Lord of the Isles at Inverlochy, the latter 
sued for peace, but his friends gave the Cameron lands to a 
Maclean. Later the Camerons killed the young chief [of the 
Macleans?] John Abrach, so called from his residence in Lochaber. 
MacLean calls the latter "Maclan Abrach." (Abridged from the 
History of the Camerons, 26). 

"After John Abrach, there was an unbroken succession of 
eight Johns." (Clan Donald, II., 192). "The special difficulties 



88 MACIANS OF 1358-1497 

of the genealogy arise from the fact that so many of the same 
name followed each other in the chiefship, and that with nine 
or ten John Abrachs and John Maclains and John Maclain 
Abrachs, it is difficult to make distinctions. (Ibid., III., 212). 

I. JOHN FRAOCH or Abrach, died 1358. 

II. JOHN ABRACHSON. (Maclain Fraoch?) 

III. JOHN ABRACHSON. (Og Maclain Fraoch?) 

IV. JOHN ABRACHSON. (Maclain Og?) 

V. JOHN ABRACHSON "of Glencoe," was one among other 
Clan Donald vassals who had not yet acknowledged the new 
order of things when James IV. held court at Dunstaffnage ; 
August 18, 1493, to receive homage. (Ibid., I. 285). 

VI. JOHN ABRACHSON. "John of the Isles alias Abrochson" 
is referred to as Chief of the Clan at the date of the last forfeiture 
of the Lords of the Isles [1494]. (Gregory's History of the Western 
Highlands, 67). We also find in the History of the Camerons, 44 1 
that about 1497 the Mackintoshes successfully invaded the Clan 
Ian of Glencoe. 

This was in retaliation for a raid related in quaint language: 
"Anno 1496 Cameronii de Lochabir, Appin, et Ronoch cum 
quibusdam a Glencoona, et eadem nocte invadunt Brebadonoch- 
iam et Strathnairn, et clancullum jumentum agmina exportant. 
Gulielmus subitam in Ronoch et Appin expeditionem facit, ubi, 
multis Clanchameroniorum trucidatis, eorum agros depopulavit. 
Eodemque supplicio Glenco affixit, quoniam in praedictis, prse- 
dationibus auxiliati sunt." That is to say: In the year 1496 
the Camerons of L,ochaber, Appin and Rannoch, with some from 
Glencoe (came), and on the same night invaded Brae Badenoch 
and Strathnairn, and stealthily carried off herds of cattle. 
William [i'3th of Mackintosh] made a sudden raid on Rannoch 
and Appin, where, after killing many of the clan Camerons, he 
wasted their lands. He inflicted the same punishment on 
Glencoe, because they assisted the Camerons in the aforesaid 
robberies (Macfariane's Genealogical Collections 231). 

About 1497 also, the MacLaurins carried off a creach from 
the braes of Lochaber. The MacDonalds followed the spoilers, 
and having overtaken them in Glenurchie, recovered the prey, 
after a sharp skirmish. The MacLaurins went straight to their 
kinsman Dugal Stewart of Appin, who, joining them with t his 
followers, they marched hastily in pursuit, and intercepted the 



I4th-i9th cent. 



GLENCOE- 



89 




'JLA~4k^ 

J^i 

. H. 




MacDonalds somewhere about the Black Mount in Glencoe, 
where a desperate conflict forthwith took place. There was 
dreadful slaughter on both sides ; Dugal, and Donull MacAonghais 
mhic Dhonuill of Keppoch, the chiefs of their respective clans 
were slain. (Adapted from Logan's Clans of the Scottish High- 
lands). Although this fight took place on their soil, no mention 



90 MACIANS OF 1500-43 

is made of the Maclans of Glencoe, but some authorities neglect 
to mention Glengarry and Glencoe in the Battle of Mullroy, 
and yet their presence there is well attested. 

"In 1500 there is evidence that the Clanian of Glencoe have 
lost the benefits of the kindly sway of the House of Isla, and 
that there is an attempt to oust them from their lands. Archi- 
bald, Earl of Argyll, Lord Campbell and Lome evidently tried 
not only to evict 'John of the His utherwyis Abrochsoune,' but 
also Duncan Stewart, son of Stewart of Appin, from the lands 
of 'Durroure and Glencoyne.' But although decreet in Absence 
was granted in favour of Argyll and against Glencoe by the 
Lords of Council, Maclain continued in possession. (Clan 
Donald, II., 193). 

It may be stated that the lands of Glencoe had already passed 
through several hands. In 1343 they were granted by David 
II. to John of Yle [the Isles], then held from him by John of 
Larin and granted anew to the latter in 1354; in 1475 they 
were forfeited by John of Yle, Karl of Ross, and in 1476 were 
restored to him. In 1494, after the insurrection of Alexander 
of Lochalsh, the titles and lordship of the Isles were forfeited 
and subsequently voluntarily surrendered and in that year 
James IV. granted John Makgillion [Maclean] of Lochbuie, the 
fifty- three merk lands of Durgwin and Glencole. These lands 
were granted by the King to Duncan Stewart of Appin in 1500; 
and the grant was renewed in 1501. (Stewarts of Appin, 98). 

In the rebellion of 1499-1506, caused by the violation of his 
promises by the King [the revocation of some charters recently 
granted by him], a party, led by the Maclans of Glencoe, broke 
into the dungeon where Donald Dhu, grandson of John, Lord 
of the Isles had been shut up for forty years (having been carried 
off from Islay when an infant), and sought to place him upon 
the throne of the Isles. Maclan of Ardnamurchan was on the 
royal side in this struggle, which resulted in the breaking up 
of the confederacy of the Island lords, the capture and imprison- 
ment for about forty years more of Donald ; but when he escaped 
for the second time, in 1543, the faithful Islanders again em- 
braced his cause. (Adapted from the History of the Clan Mac- 
Lean?) The dates and ages seem irreconcilable. 

Some explanation of this incident may be needed. Skene's 
Celtic Scotland, III., 404, quotes from the Book of Clanranald: 



1506-08 GLENCOE. 91 

"The daughter of MacCailin [Argyll] the wife of Aonghus [Og, 
son of Erin] was pregnant at the time he was killed [Angus Og 
was murdered by his harper, see entry about 1490 in Section II.] 
and she was kept in custody" . . . where she gave birth to 
Donald Dubh; "he was kept in custody until he arrived at the 
age of thirty years [in 1501?] when the men of Gleann Comhann 
[Glencoe] brought him out by a Fenian exploit," from the castle 
of Inchconnel or Innisconnel on Loch Awe. In Ossianic verse 
"the Fenians are warriors of superhuman size, strength, speed 
and powers" as the Century Dictionary says; this use of the 
adjective "Fenian," which is equivalent to the heroic of Greek 
mythology, is high praise on the part of the hereditary sennachie 
or genealogist of Clanranald, who was of course a MacVurrich. 
The rescue led to an attempt on the part of Donald Dubh to 
resume the office and territory of his grandfather John, last 
Lord of the Isles, as stated in Lang's History of Scotland, I., 256. 
The attempt was brought to naught by the efforts of Maclan of 
Ardnamurchan and others, but the conduct of the men of Glencoe 
"was a clear indication that whoever was their feudal superior 
they felt that their loyalty as a tribe was due to the patriarchal 
head of their race." (Clan Donald, II., 192, 193). The book 
Stewarts of Appin, about p. 98, says that Lachlan Maclean of 
Duart joined Donald Dubh in his attempt . . . but that 
Duncan Stewart of Appin, at the head of his own men and the 
MacDonalds of Glencoe who then mustered about 150 claymores, 
opposed Maclean in 1503: no authority is given for this state- 
ment that the same men who rescued Donald Dubh but two 
years previously now fight one of his staunchest allies. The 
very stirring little war is ably described in Clan Donald "Under 
James IV." However, Donald was again taken prisoner, and 
almost all of the chiefs gave in their submission about, or a 
little before, 1508. 

VII. "(Old) JOHN, called Iain Abrach. There is no record of 
his marriage nor of the marriages of the Johns who preceded 
him. He had three sons i. John Og, who succeeded; 2. Donald 
Og; 3. Alastair Og." (Clan Donald, III., 213). 

There appears to be a dearth of history of the Glencoe -men 
at this time; probably they were enduring the disasters which 
seem to have been common to all septs of the Clan Donald at 
this period, and possibly were not present at the disastrous 



92 MACIANS OF 1513-43 

battle of Plodden in 1513, where Maclan of Ardnamurchan 
fought on the Scottish side. 

On June 6th, 1522, John Campbell of Calder, brother of the 
Earl of Argyll, obtained from Maclean of L,ochbuy the assign- 
ment of his obsolete and revoked charter (Gregory's Western 
Highlands, 126), dated 1494, of the lands of Durrour, Glencoe 
and part of the lands of L,ochiel, but the Stewarts of Appin, 
MacDonalds of Glencoe, and Camerons of Lochiel effectually 
resisted his efforts to take possession. The matter was arbitrated 
at Edinburgh in 1528 with the result that the award was made 
in favor of Calder. The latter resigned these lands to the King 
[James V.], and the Council of which Argyll was a member, 
(James being a minor), granted them to the Earl. On attaining 
his majority the King revoked all charters granted during his 
minority, and December yth, 1538, granted to Alan Stewart 
. . . the twenty merk land of Glenkowne. . . . James V. 
died in 1542, and in 1547, Queen Mary being a child and Argyll 
regaining authority in the West of Scotland, Alan resigned the 
lands of Diiror, Ballachelish and Glencoe to the Queen, and 
they were re-conveyed to the Earl of Argyll, son of the former 
Earl. Argyll then re-conveyed these lands to Alan at a smaller 
feu-rent than that which Alan in his original charter had cove- 
nanted to pay the Crown. (Stewarts of Appin, 105, 106). 

In 1542 James V. was at war with England, but the Scottish 
barons were disloyal or lukewarm; "the influence of Henry 
VIII. with the leaders of the Reformation movement in Scotland 
was the main cause of the disaffection of the barons to their 
own King, who still continued to support the Church of Rome; 
James felt the national lack of support so keenly that it has 
been thought that his death in this year was largely due to that 
cause. As is often the case, politics mingled with religion, and 
about this time the Roman Catholics happened to be on the 
side of Scottish independence with Franch aid, while the Protes- 
tants opposed them and hoped for English assistance ; but Henry 
VIII. interposed so bluntly, and his supporters in Scotland 
sought to act so treacherously that for a while at least, all parties 
in Scotland united. This stormy period seemed to be a fitting 
opportunity for Donald Dubh, who escaped from Edinburgh 
Castle in 1543, to lay claim not only to the Lordship of the Isles 
to which he had once been proclaimed, but also to the Earldom 



I544~ 88 GLENCOE. 93 

of Ross, to which his claim was very shadowy; he therefore, 
with the Islesmen, excepting James Macdonald of Dunnyveg, 
invaded Argyle about 1544, with threats to proceed further, 
insomuch that in Aberdeen "the hayll tooun" by "hand bell 
passand throcht all the rewis and stretis " made "iugment" 
. . . "of taxt, for furnising of ane thousand horse to remain 
with the locumtenant on the bordouris, for resisting of our auld 
enemies of Ingland" and also" for resisting of Donald His quhilk 
with his complices is cumand, as is allegit upoun the quenes 
[Regent's] landis of Ross for inuasion thairof and conquising of 
the same." England made new advances for an alliance with 
the House of Isla, and a treaty was entered into in 1545, so the 
Scottish Government issued a proclamation against ' ' Donald 
alleging himself of the Isles and other Highlanders his partakers." 
(Abridged from Clan Donald I., 368, 371, etc.}. 

VIII. JOHN OG (i), who appears first on record in 1563, and 
in whose time and in that of his successor the Clan Iain Abrich 
became very numerous. As his successor was also called John 
Og, the two have to be carefully distinguished. John Og (i) 
had a family of seven sons (A) John Og (2), who succeeded. 
(B) John Dubh, progenitor of the families of Dalness and Ach- 
triachtan . . . (C) Alexander Maclain Oig, in Larach. (D) 
Archibald Maclain Oig. (E) Allan Roy Maclain Oig. (F) 
Ronald Maclain Oig. (G) Angus Maclain Oig. (Clan Donald, 
III., 213). 

"In 1 563. 'John Og Mac Ane Abrycht' was in lawful possession 
or occupation of the lands of Glencoe under Colin Campbell of 
'Glenurquhay, who held them from the Crown. On 6th May of 
that year a contract of protection and manrent is signed by both 
parties. In this bond Campbell undertakes to defend the Chief 
of Clanian in the possession of his lands, while John Og on the 
other hand becomes bound to serve the Laird of Glenurquhay 
against all persons whatsoever, save only the authority and my 
Lord Argyll. It is stipulated that the contract shall at once 
become void if John Og does not instantly serve against the 
Clan Gregor. In 1588 a Commission of Justiciary was given by 
James VI. to George, Earl of Huntly, John Grant of Freuchie^ 
and others against a number of Highland chiefs, and amongst 
them John M'Ane Oig in Glencoe and Alexander M'Ane Oig,' 
probably sons of the John Og M'Ane Abrycht who gave the 



94 MACIANS OF 1563-89 

bond of manrent to Glenurquhay in 1563. That the Clanian 
Abraich were at this time, as indeed they must have been at 
all times, a terror to neighbouring communities, is proved by 
contemporary records." (Ibid, II., 190). 

Curiously enough, a letter from Campbell to the keeper of his 
Castle of Glenurquhay, and dated August 18, 1570, shows that 
the latter was named Gregor McAne, presumably of Glencoe 
(Clan Gregor, I., 189). The beginning of the last paragraph 
accounts for a Glencoe man holding office under a Campbell. 

The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland contains in 1583 
the complaint of Coline Campbell of Glenloyoun, that a number 
of persons, including four McAines, etc., "with their complices, 
. . . cam by the break of day . . . and masterfully reft the 
servants of the complainer, forth of their lands . . ." The 
Lords of the Council order all the culprits to be denounced rebels. 
[The Campbells of Glenlyon never rested from their complaints 
until they had assisted in working the ruin of the Maclans at 
Glencoe]. 

Allan Cameron, sixteenth of Lochiel, assumed command of 
his clan for the second time in 1585; thirty pages of Mackenzie's 
book are devoted to this chief, who interests us particularly as 
he was called "Alein Maclan Duibh" and "Alein MacDhomnuill 
Duibh," showing that the names Maclan and MacDonald were 
in a sense interchangeable more than three hundred years ago, 
the former being a personal and the latter the clan designation, 
and indicating as Mackenzie states, that some at least of the 
Camerons were originally MacDonalds. It is not so pleasant, 
however, to read that "On the 3oth of June, 1589, we find Allan 
and Grant [of Freuchie] entering into a bond of mutual friend- 
ship, directed specially against the Macdonalds of Glencoe." 

"The territorial position of the Clanian isolated them from 
the more powerful branches of the Clan Donald, and they were 
on all hands surrounded by powerful and hostile neighbours, 
while their wild and almost unapproachable fastnesses, inacces- 
sible to strangers save at most imminent risk of fatal ambuscades, 
enabled them to carry on their forays and depredations almost 
with entire impunity, and these, of course, were no infringement 
of the ancient code of Celtic ethics." (Clan Donald, II., 194). 

According to the Reg. Privy Council Scot., John Stewart of 
Appin is summoned in 1586 to appear, because certain of his 



1587-88 GLENCOE. 95 

men, tenants and servants had committed wrongs: among them 
are Allaster, John and Donald Oig M c anebrych [Maclanabrich, 
Maclan Abrich] ; not appearing, he was ' ' ordained to be de- 
nounced rebel." 

In the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland (James VI., A. D. 
1587), the Clane mckane of Avricht, (spelled Clan-Mackeane 
Awricht in Townsend's Manual of Dates, and Clan Maclan of 
Abrach elsewhere), is included in "THE ROLL of ye clannis yat 
hes capitanes cheiffis and chiftanes quhome on thai depend 
oftymes aganis ye willis of thair landislordis alsweill on ye borderes 
as hielandes and of sum speale personis of branches of ye saidis 
clannis." 

It seems to have been about 1588 that a circumstance occurred, 
referred to in Macleay's Rob Roy and his Times. Some young 
Glencoe men being caught trespassing in the royal deer forest 
of Glenartney, their ears were cropped. In revenge they cut 
off the head of Drummond of Drummondernoch, the leader of 
the men who had ill-treated them; and the sight of his bloody 
head caused his sister, Mrs. Stewart of Ardvoirlich to be crazed 
for a while, with the result that her son, (who was born soon 
after), became the gloomy Stewart of Ardvoirlich, a character 
in Scott's Legend of Montrose, and who murdered I/ord Kilpont, 
Montrose's friend. The narrative, with more of its repulsive 
details is told in Clan Gregor, II., i. Scott rejects the story 
that the killing was done by any but the MacGregors; Macaulay 
gives the incident as an illustration of Highland barbarity, in 
his apology for the Glencoe Massacre, but even he does not 
attribute it to the clan he was defaming, the Macdonalds of 
Glencoe. 

Sometime toward the end of the sixteenth century, Stewart 
of Strathgarry having taken possession of lands in the upper 
part of Rannoch, which had been possessed by a Macdonald, 
was surprised by a party of that clan and killed for dispossessing 
their kinsman. . . . The Stewarts of Appin, Balquhidder and 
Athol entered into a written bond to avenge the death of Strath- 
garry, and they met at the Blackmount in Glencoe. They had 
letters of Fire and Sword against the murderers of Stewart of 
Strathgarry, which his widow had procured from the Privy Coun- 
cil at Stirling. As it was in the month of June, the Macdonalds 
of Glencoe were out at their shealings in the Blackmount, when 



96 MACIANS OF 1590-91 

they were surrounded by the Stewarts and a number killed. 
The I/aird of Glencoe and his brother were among the slain, and 
their heads were cut off, to be sent to Stirling and presented 
to the Privy Council, as proof that their orders had been carried 
out. The messenger appears to have been of a grotesquely 
humorous turn of mind, and to have indulged in gibes at the 
heads and to have "joked" with the Lady of Ardvoirlich in 
reference to them. (Abridged from The Stewarts of Appin, 152, 
153). The use of the term shealings indicates that the clan 
were in rude huts for their summer quarters, it being the custom 
in the Highlands for the natives to take their flocks and herds 
into the mountains upon the approach of warm weather. 

IX. JOHN OG (2), succeeded John Og (i), about 1590. He 
had three sons (A) John Abrach, his successor. (B) Alexander. 
(C) Donald Bowie. (Clan Donald, III., 213). In 1588, 1591 
and 1592, the name is spelt M'Ane Oig, M'Inoig and MacEan 
Oig, respectively. (Ibid., II., 193, 195, 196). 

"During the last decade of the sixteenth century, the Act 
of James V. rendering a baron responsible for the behaviour of 
his servants, or feudal inferiors, was called into requisition in 
connection with the Clanian of Glencoe. Serious complaints 
were laid before the King and Council in 1591 as to the numerous 
cases of foray and plunder whereby the lieges were victimized. 
The Earl of Argyll proved to be guilty, not only feudally and 
vicariously, but really as particeps criminis in a serious foray in 
which the men of Glencoe and others were involved during 
1591." Briefly, a certain Campbell was invited to a wedding 
among the Ogilvies, and managed to insult the bride and stab 
her father: he narrowly escaped hanging, but being treated with 
great indignity he was expelled; he complained to his kinsman 
the Earl. "Argyll mustered the Glencoe men, the Keppoch 
men, and others, and sent them to invade and spoil the Ogilvies 
and their glen. The raid, we may be sure, was executed with 
much zeal and success, and the rapidity with which the marauders 
marched was such that Lord Ogilvie in his complaint to the 
King said that he was 'nocht able to resist them, but with grite 
difficultie and short advertisement he his wyffe and bairnis 
eschaiped.' The complaint . . . referred to Archibald Earl of 
Argyll and his friends, particularly Allan Roy M'Inoig son to 
the Laird of Glencoe and 500 other marauders." Failing to 



I59 2 ~ I 6OO GLENCOE- 97 

appear on citation they were denounced rebels. Later in the 
year, "John Og M'Ane Abrych in Glencone, Allaster Og M'Ane 
Abrych his brother, and Donald Og M'Ane Abrick, brother to 
John Og elder" made a raid against John Drummond of Blair, 
and this time "without the countenance and patronage of the 
Earl of Argyll." John Stewart of Appin was summoned to 
answer for it, but "there is nothing to indicate the penal conse- 
quences of this last outlawry." (Abridged from Clan Donald, 

II., 195). 

In 1592 "it w T as reported to the King and Council that John 
MacEan Oig in Glencone" with two of his brothers, "were guilty 
of open and manifest oppression, murder, sorning, theft a 
sufficiently formidable indictment," . . . and were declared 
rebels and fugitives . . . "but it does not appear that the 
men of Glencoe labored very long under the sentence of out- 
lawry, for we find the same year [ or 1 593 according to the Regis- 
ter of the Privy Council of Scotland] that 'MacAne Abrich of Glen- 
cone,' along with MacAne of Ardnamurchane and others, was, 
by the King and on advice of his Council, relaxed from the 
horn." Abridged from Ibid^ II., 195, 196). 

The General Index of the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, 
a ponderous folio, states in 1593 that the Clan MacKane of 
Aruicht is an unruly clan; (this refers to an entry given as Mac- 
lans of Avricht) ; candor compels us to admit that such appears 
to be the case. 

"For several years after the foregoing events there is calm 
in the stormy annals of Glencoe, at least so far as these are 
disclosed by the Records of the Privy Council; but it is the 
calm that follows as well as precedes the tempest. In 1599 
Allaster MacEan Oig and his men, under John Og MacEan 
Abrich, reft from David Craig out of his fold of Drumcharrie 
'seven great kye' and a bull worth .140. This was only pre- 
liminary to much greater deeds of 'herschipp.' ' (Clan Donald, 
II., 196). 

The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland notes in 1600, 
that Johnne McFatrick VcEane was delivered to Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurquhy for his keeping, as one of the pledges 
of Allester McGregour of Glenstra. The authors of Clan Donald 
intimate that this refers to "the slaughter of Lennox at Glen- 
fruin, a conflict . . . where eighty of the Colquhoun Clan were 



98 MACIANS OF 16OO-O2 

slain," but that the connection of the Clanian of Glencoe with 
the affair was "subordinate and incidental." We fear, however, 
that dates and authorities refer to still another evil deed later 
on, for which the Privy Council proceeded against Allan Oig 
Mclntnach of Glencoe, who in 1609 was accused of assisting the 
Clan Gregor of Glenfruin, and of murdering defenseless persons. 
But here the MacGregors charge the act to the ferocity of a 
single man of their tribe, said to have been an ancestor of Rob 
Roy. (Irving's West of Scotland in History, 153). The Council 
made it an offense punishable with death to bear the name 
Macgregor, or to give any of the clan food or shelter: so some 
of them assumed the name Gregory. 

In the same year and Work, (Reg. Pri-v. Council, Scot.}, Ludo- 
vick, Duke of L,ennox, complains that some McNauchtanes, 
McGregours, Campbells and others, including half a dozen Mac- 
Ian "abrichis," came at night to the wood of Ardincaple, remain- 
ing till morning in order to kill Aula McCaula [Macaulay] or 
"that they mycht have persewit him of his lyfe" . . . they 
seized some messengers and servitours, one named Mclntailliour 
. . . and "verie hardlie intertenyit them" . . . but "feiiing 
to have bene persewit be the cuntrie people they depairtit," 
spoiling some houses and reiving some cattle . . . the defen- 
dants not appearing, are denounced as rebels. 

Moreover, in 1601, Archibald, Earl of "Krgyle" was charged, 
as master and landlord of Allaster McCeane Oig of Glenco, for 
not entering him, and was to be denounced rebel. 

And we read in April, 1602, that there is a complaint of " Johne 
Campbell, comissary of Invernes," that in February last a num- 
ber of Highlanders, including nine hereafter tabulated among 
"McEans and apparent connections," came to Moy, "quhar 
they tressonablie and awfullie raised fyre, brunt and destroyed 
his haill houssis" . . . besides the "whole insight and plenish- 
ings" within the said houses, while another company of the 
said party committed murder "the lyk of quhilk barbarous 
and beistlie crueltie, committit sa fer within the incuntrey, has 
semdle bene hard of." The order is to denounce them all as 
rebels. 

In June, George and James Dumbar are placed under "bands" 
in 2,000 marks each, to obey the King's letters forbidding them 
to "intercommune" with a long list of spoilers who had been 



1602 GLENCOE. 99 

denounced rebels, for coming, as described in the preceding 
paragraph, in fair daylight to the lands of Moy, belonging to 
Johne Campbell, Commissary of "Inuerness," and treasonably 
burning of his buildings and corns, [sic] spuilying oxen and 
sheep and slaying three men : among these rebels are twenty- 
two of the scape-grace MacEans catalogued subsequently. It 
may be interesting to note that one of them, Alexander, had 
a brother also called Alexander; for there are several instances 
in old times, of living brothers bearing the same first or baptismal 
name. On the same day, some of the Dumbars, one of them a 
sheriff, were charged, among other things, with bringing into 
the country of Murray several Maclans, one "of Glenko," and 
becoming assurance for them and furnishing them with food 
divers days and nights, etc. 

In July, Duncane Meinzeis petitions that he is not answerable 
for certain men, among them Duncane McEane Cam in Fother- 
gill, one of the tutors to the son of the late Geir McCondachy : 
as Robertson of Strowan (named also as a complainer) was so 
answerable, he was ordered denounced a rebel. Some of the 
McKechins, VcAchanes, etc., complain that many persons, 
"all the said Laird of Glengarry's men," came in the night, set 
fire to houses, and "maist mercyleslie murtherit and slew" 
several individuals; and "Immediately afterwards, the malefac- 
tors had repaired to the Laird of Glengarry, and 'with all glaidnes 
of hairt were ressett be him and upoun his landis;' " the order 
is to denounce them. This appears to have been a family quarrel, 
for there are names indexed Maclan on both sides, i. e., as com- 
plainers and defenders; nine of them appear in the list following 
the year 1550. Towards the end of the month, Katharene Reid, 
relict of Mr. [Magister, he being a Cleric] Alexander Dumbar, 
dean of Murray, brings a libel against the Baron of Kilravock 
for resetting certain evil-doers, among whom was Johne Dow 
McEane Roy, alias Girls. And on the same day there is a com- 
plaint of William Ros of Kilraack [Kilravock aforesaid?] that 
some sinners, indexed Maclan, with others, came "in the dawing 
of the day," murdered Alexander McMiechell in Geddes and 
servant and spuilyied his whole goods. And again one particu- 
larly irrepressible Alaster, "in Glaik (of Glenko)," with others, 
set on fire houses in Geddes, with the whole plenishing of the 
same, estimated at .5,000, etc., etc. 



IOO MACIANS OF l6O2 

In August, Archibald Earl of "Ergyle" was ordered to be 
denounced for not appearing or presenting certain individuals, 
including a McEane McAllaster in Glencoane and three McEwne 
McGregours, for reiving horses and cattle. Archibald Herring 
of Drummane accuses one Duncane McEane Birrach, with others, 
of reiving: the property was to be restored or ,10 paid for 
each animal. Donnald Menteith of Carquhen charges that a 
McEancheir [Maclan-Keir?] and his brothers, tenants of the 
Laird of Strowane, had reft some animals. 

In September a similar complaint is made by Johne Ferguson 
of Dercullych, against a McEane Abrich, Duncan Stewart of 
Appin's man, and others; for which, Stewart not appearing nor 
producing the McEane, is to be denounced rebel. Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurquhy got into trouble for non-entry of his 
man, a McEane VcGillechonane: some of our readers will be 
agreeably shocked to learn that in this case two McEanes were 
on the side of the law. Also that another, one of the Laird 
of Gairnetullie's men, actually complains of a spuilyie. But, 
per contra, Sir Duncan had been charged to enter a McEane to 
answer a complaint about a horse, which was ordered to be re- 
stored in as good condition as when it was taken away. And 
another McEane, servant of the Laird of Glenurquhy had been 
"reiving kye." There is also entered an accusation of Alexander 
Flemyng against certain "disorderit" men of Glenco, in which 
case the complainer is to be paid 16 for each ox proven to have 
been slain and eaten in a certain house. Our young friend 
"Allaster McEane Oig of Glenko," accompanied by a number 
of "sornaris of his awne Clan and utheris, came to Femes and 
Auchnebechan " and elsewhere on their usual quest of pillage, 
accompanied this time with murder; he had for accessories a 
long list of Macs, some of whose names are suspiciously like 
Maclan. Sir Johne Murray of Tullibairdin complains that he 
is "wrongously" charged for not entering several persons, whereas 
he had been "ordained " only to enter one, Andro McEane Roy in' 
the Head of Glencoich, servant to the complainer. 

In November, Archibald, Earl of Argyle came under censure 
for inefficient performance of his lieutenancy against the Clan 
Gregor, which "hes bene and are als insolent and of als wicked 
and unhappie a dispositioun as they wer at ony tyme preceid- 
ing." For example, certain McEans took horses, some described 




ARGYLESHIRE. RIVER COE. 




SCENE IN GLENCOE. 



1602-03 GivENCOE. ioi 

as "wild," also "great kye" ; they had also "spuilyed the plenish- 
ing and moveables" of several people. It should be remembered 
that a few of these rogues having committed many unlawful 
acts, their names are repeated, some of them in several different 
works, so that it seems as if the whole lot were bad. In this 
month it was also to be proved that certain individuals were 
men of Archibald, Earl of "Ergyll", among them a McEane 
VcGregour, "household man to the Laird of McGregour." 

The same work specifies the petition in 1603, of Johne McEan- 
doyn [MacEan the Dark?], "sometime in Tullimat, . . . touch- 
ing the alleged ejection of him furth of the lands of Balligoun, 
and reiving of his kye, plenishing and goods." Also the giving 
of bonds in 500 marks by Johnne Cummyng for Thomas Hep- 
burne, that the latter would not harbor certain people, includ- 
ing two McEans, during their rebellion. 

The general process among the Highlanders of every clan 
and name appears to have been to make a "spuilyie" upon some 
neighbor's cattle and goods; then there would be a "summond" 
issued, which they perhaps never heard of, at the market- 
cross of some town in the shire; then they would "fail to corn- 
pear" on the day fixed for the hearing; so they would be "declared 
rebel"; which would give an opportunity for the hostile clans 
to join temporarily with the representatives of the law, in making 
a counter-descent; in due time those of the sufferers who escaped, 
would rally, and try to pay off old scores with liberal interest, 
and so on. 

Although we will meet with mention of bows and arrows 
later, [in 1665], it is claimed that firearms of a kind, swords 
and portions of armor were used even by common soldiers at 
the period we have reached. The Reverends A. Macdonalds 
show this by "the slaughter of Lennox, which took place in 
1603, when 400 freebooters, of whom Clan Iain Abrich formed 
a large contingent, came armed with pistols, murriones, coats 
of mail, etc. It is similarly proved that the trews were much 
more frequently worn than is generally supposed." Some 
mentions of the arms used of old in Scottish wapenschawings 
verge on the comic, as when Dixon in Border Clans, 79, quotes 
about "pistolettis and utheris ingynis of fyre work," but he 
says that in 1540 the only firearms mentioned were culverins. 



io2 MACIANS OF 1605-11 

"In 1605, John, son of John Og Maclain, seems still to be 
the Chief of Glencoe. That year there is a charge against him 
to compear personally with tacks, securities, etc., at Loch Kil- 
kerran in Kintyre; but there is no evidence that Maclain pre- 
sented himself on that occasion, nor is it likely that he could 
have satisfied the Government by the production of any feudal 
title to Glencoe. The Maclain charter chest does not appear 
to have held any parchments in the shape of instruments of 
tenure early in the seventeenth century." (Clan Donald, II. 
198). 

The above non-compearance is alluded to by Gregory in his 
Western Highlands, 306, from which it seems that Lord Scone, 
Comptroller of Scotland summoned the chiefs; that Kilkerran 
is now Campbelltown ; that they were to find sureties for the 
payment of the rents of His Majesty, [James I. of England and 
VI. of Scotland], under penalty of having their deeds declared 
null and void and themselves "pursuit with fire and sword as 
rebels to the King" in the event of their failure to appear. 

In 1609 John and Alexander Stewart were slain by Glencoe 
men, and the guilty parties were put to the horn in 1610, at 
the instance of Hlspeth Stewart, relict of John. "During 1610 
we are informed that 'Allaster Maclain Oig of Glencoe' . . . 
seems to have been the last chief's brother, and judging by his 
designation, to have succeeded him," but he does not appear 
in the list of chiefs in Vol. III. of Clan Donald. Many hard names 
are heaped upon Allaster Maclain Oig of Glencoe in connection 
with the Stewart murders, "and Providence is devoutly thanked 
for [his falling] into the hands of Colin Campbell of Abermichell." 
James, Earl of Perth, and Stewart of Stratherne were to bring 
the malefactor to trial. Commission was also given to a Colqu- 
houn, Maclean and Cameron "to convocate the lieges to appre- 
hend Angus Maclain Buy in Dalness, Allastair Maclain Duy in 
Achtriachtan, Allan Dow Maclain Duy his brother, and John 
Og Maclain Duy, [the families of Dalness and Achtriachtan 
were Cadets of Glencoe], for not having found caution to underly 
the laws for the slaughter of the late Allaster and John Stewart." 
In 1611 "Allaster MacEan Oig of Glencoe is still in durance 
vile in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh" and he "passes out of history 
and is seen no more." (Abridged from Clan Donald, II., 198, 

199)- 



1615-3 

"It is highly improbable that the Maclans refrained from 
supporting their brethren of Clan Donald in their struggle with 
the intriguing Argyle, ['Fair and false like a Campbell'], whose 
treacherous doings culminated in the fight of 1615." 

X. JOHN ABRACH or ABROCH appears in 1617 as the repre- 
sentative of the family. We do not find any trace of sons of 
this Chief, except his successor. (Clan Donald, II., 199; III. 
214). 

In 1617 a commission was given to the Sheriffs of seven places, 
to apprehend and try three "servitors to John Abroch of Glencoe, 
for not answering to the charge of murdering David Bowman. 
During this year the feud with the Stewarts resulted in several 
fatalities, and measures were taken for the apprehension and, 
trial of John Abroch Macdonald of Glencoe, [apparently the 
first application in a contemporary document, of the title Mac- 
donald to a Glencoe chief], Donald Bowie Maclain Viclain Oig 
Viclain Abrich, and a number of other Highlanders. The 
result of these proceedings does not transpire. (Abridged from 
Clan Donald, II., 200). 

"The foregoing monotony of lawlessness gives a black picture 
of the descendants of John Fraoch, but being drawn from the 
national record of contemporary misdeeds it could hardly be 
otherwise. There must have been in the inner life of the Clanian 
much that was chivalrous and attractive, even in the ruder 
stages of their history; but the centuries refuse to give up their 
secrets, and we only see the Glencoe men in their role of Ishmael- 
ites their hand against every other, and the hands of many 
others against them." (Ibid., II., 200). 

From 1617 to 1634 there is a prolonged pause, during which 
there is no trace of the men of Glencoe either in war and foray 
or in the arts of peace, excepting that 

About 1630, as related by Macleay in Rob Roy and his Times, 
Glencoe, the son-in-law of the chief of the Macgregors, aided 
the latter in a raid on Kilmarnock on the banks of the Leven. 

XI. ALEXANDER, according to the ordinary rules of calcu- 
lation would have succeeded his father about 1630. He was 
knownin his day as Alastair Ruadh. He had two sons i. Alex- 
ander, his successor. 2. Angus, known as Aonghas MacAlastair 
Ruaidh, the well-known Gaelic bard. (Clan Donald, III., 214). 



104 MACIANS OF 1 1634 

Glencos was the scene of much disorder at this time. "The 
Chartulary* says, August i, 1634, Act in favour of certain Stewarts, 
That whereas they having raised lettres of lawborrisf againis 
Angus McDonald V c eane dowie v c alaster in Glenco, John Gaer 
M c allaster Roy there and aganis a number of otheris disorderit 
and broken lymmars, some of the Clan Gregours and some other 
Clanns all for the most part duelling in Glenco, they can get 
no officer that will or daire repaire to the place where thir people 
duellis to charge thame." Record of Secret Council Decreta. 
(History of the Clan Gregor, II., 43). 

In 1634 the Glencoe men went as far as Aberdeenshire, being 
involved in a feud between the Chrichtons and the Gordons. 
The Lords of Secret Council summoned the Gordons and Clanian 
to compear personally, to give information and to restrain their 
people. In January 1635, Allaster Maclain Abraich of Glencoe, 
evidently the chief of the tribe, appeared to answer for his alleged 
"misdemeanours. The Glencoe Chief seems to have spent a 
considerable part of the year of grace 1635 within the precincts 
of the Scottish capital ... he has to bind and oblige himself 
to remain and keep ward in Edinburgh till he found caution 
conform to the Act of Parliament. It is probable that until 
the following summer Maclain of Glencoe did not tread his 
native heath, but had still to submit to the uncongenial atmos- 
phere of 'Auld Reekie, 'I and it is most likely that the curtailment 
of the modified liberty he was first allowed was owing to some 
suspicion that he either tried or purposed to break ward. In 
any case, ... he was, with others, committed to ward within 
the Tolbooth, Edinburgh, till he found security for observing 
the relevant Acts; the permission to go a Sabbath day's journey 

* This consists of extracts from various Records embodying every known 
authentic passage regarding the Clan Gregor. The title is more correctly 
the record of the temporalities or property of a monastery, or of the keeper 
of the record. 

t Law Borrois, Law Borrows, s. pi. The legal security which one man 
is obliged to give, that he will not do any injury to another in his person 
or property. Scottish Acts, James II. Law and borgh, or borrow, a pledge. 
(Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary). 

J This well-known name for Edinburgh (please call it Edinborough), is 
not from any smokiness, but meaning royal, from righ, a king. (Lansdale's 
Scotland, Historic and Romantic, I., i, note). 



1640-41 GLENCOE. 105 

beyond the city, which he formerly enjoyed, having been with- 
drawn. As to Allaster's subsequent history we are left in the 
dark ... It would not be safe, however, to conclude that 
there was any sudden conversion from the ancient love of 'creach,' 
or that their attitude towards neighboring clans had undergone 
a radical change." (Adapted from Clan Donald, II., 201, 202). 

" In 1 640 the Clan Iain took part in a foray in which the men 
of Keppoch were the principals, and which resulted in serious 
loss to both." Returning from the expedition, they were passing 
through the Campbell territory without offering to pay toll on 
their booty: the Campbells attacked them and in the bloody 
conflict which followed, the Clan Donald were victorious, eighteen 
of the Campbells being killed. . . . "But the victory was dearly 
bought by the death of two Clan Donald chiefs." (Abridged 
from Clan Donald, II., 203). 

XII. ALEXANDER, the principal victim of the inhuman 
slaughter of 1692. He married a daughter of Archibald Mac- 
donald of Keppoch, a sister of the famous Coll; and had two 
sons, both of whom escaped from the massacre. i. John, his 
successor. 2. Alexander. The second son, Alexander, married 
in 1696, Florence Macdonald, and died in 1707. (Ibid., III., 
214, 643). 

Before coming to the following pathetic account in the Acts 
of the Parliaments of Scotland, of what appears from our present 
point of view to have been a foul wrong, we should recollect 
that manners change with the times. Also that Mistress Eliza- 
beth Ross has given us no inkling of the provocation which the 
McEans and others had probably received from her people. 
Furthermore, we have no knowledge of the number of retainers 
she had in the town and land of Milnecraig belonging to her; 
they must have been numerous to have needed so many in the 
attacking force, and the death of the late Donald may have 
been quite incidental to what was probably a common foray. 
Lastly, in those good old times, the best chieftain was the most 
successful cattle-lifter, the best naval commander was the pirate 
most impartial towards friend and foe, and the best soldier or 
sailor was the most active pillager. 

SUPPUCATIOUN of Elspeth Ros. Acts Parl. Scot., A. D. 1641. 
"Mv LORDES and remanent estaites of this present parliament 
now presently convenit wnto yor lo [rdships] humblie menes 



106 MACIANS OF 1 1641 

and schawes Elspeth Ros relict of vmquhile Donald Roy miller 
servitor to hew Ros of Tollie" [in brief, as Parliament was sitting 
for the repressing of all oppressions and injuries, ... to see 
Justice administered, and to purge the land of "murdor slachter 
and Innocent blood" . . . the petitioners are imboldened to 
show] "That vpoun the nyntene day of Maij last bypast" . . . 
[a number of persons, among whom we regret to find the names 
of Johne roy m c eayne, Jon croy m c eayne, Alexander m c eayne, 
m c finlay vie eayne "fermorer in keatuall," Donald m c eayne, 
hector m c eayne vie to Alister, Wm. m c eayne, etc., congregated], 
' ' And withothers thr complicis cam efter sune setting to the 
number of [blank] persounes bodin in hoisteill maner with hagbutes 
gunes pistolles carabines swordes tairgis bowes dorlaches and 
other Invasive wapones by all ordor of law or Justice To the 
toune and landes of Milnecraig pertening to me the sd hew Ros 
of Tollie qr the sd wmquhile Donald roy miller and otheres of 
myne the sd hew Ros my servandes war in ane most peceablie 
maner at my service for the tyme And there maist crewallie 
and wnmercifullie schot many and divers schottes of gunes 
hagbutes pistoilles carabines and arowes at the sd wmquhile 
Donald roy miller and wounded him in diverse pairtis of his 
bodie And not being content therewith strak at him with 
diverse naked swords till at last he fell doune deid to the grund 
And Imediatelie therefter he depairtit this mortall lyff . . . 
And the puire relict and hir sex Infantes and fatherles orphanes 
wanting means defraudit of the benefeit of law competent to 
ws Heirfor we beseik your lo[rdships] . . . To gif and appoynt 
sik ordor and warrand as salbe thocht most fitting" [in short, 
that no remission or respite be granted the aforenamed persons 
for the said slaughter till the law should take its course against 
them or the petitioners be satisfied; and that any respite pri- 
vately procured be declared null]. 

In the above case the Estates of Parliament order the Deputy 
Treasurer and Lords of the Exchequer to pass no remission in 
favor of the parties named, until the petitioner be first called 
and heard; and the Clerk was to give the "dowble heirof" to 
the petitioner. 

The next mention of the McEans, in Vol. V., Caroli I., A. D. 
1641, would seem at first sight, to hint strongly of retaliation, 
if not justice; as it speaks of the repression of the Clan, and 



1636-44 6LENCOE. to? 

(seeing the order of the documents), apparently in consequence 
of the fray at Milnecraig; but if we are to judge from the date 
1636 in the instrument, the "repression" preceded the skirmish, 
and may have been, in part, the provocation to the Clan, for 
which we otherwise look in vain. A few extracts follow: 

"RATIFICATION to Archebald Lord Lome of the lordschip 
of Kintyre, etc. OURE SOVERANE LORD with advyise and 
consent of the estaites of this present parliament Ratefies and 
approves the contract past betuixt his sacred majestic with 
consent of his hienes [s's] heigh thesaurer and Remanent Lordis 
of his majesties exchekker of this kingdome his hienes commis- 
sionares On the ane pairt And wmquhyill Archibald earle of 
argyle Lord Campbell and Lome for himselff . . . The yeir of 
god JMVJC. [one thousand six hundred] and threttie sex yeires 
... Quhairby and in respect of the bygane services of the 
said wmquhyill earle of argyle in Repressing of the barbarous 
races of the Clangregor and clandonald And of the services of 
Archibald now earle of argyle father to the said Archibald now 
Lord of Lome In repressing of the clan of Mcean and apprehend- 
ing of that notable sorner called Gilroy and of the other onerous 
and weightie causses particularlie mentionat in the said contract 
His majestie with consent forsaid Ratefiet the former Infest - 
mentis grantit be his majesties wmquhyill deirest father of 
blissed memorie or his majesties selff" [and so on and so forth 
through two folio columns bristling with "And quhilk," "!N 
ALL," "And Sicklyke," "And Farder, fforsamekill," "With the 
priviledge" and "THAIRFORE;" but containing nothing more 
about the McEans]. There is much fighting indicated however, 
in the word "repressing." 

"In the political turmoil of the seventeenth century, the 
Clanian, like the rest of the Clan Donald, supported the claims 
of the House of Stewart. There is distinct evidence that they 
took their own share of the toils and glories of the campaigns 
of Montrose" . . . It is shown that the Glencoe men were in 
a party to relieve the castles of Mingarry and Lochaline in Ard- 
namurchan. A Council was held at Blair- Athole about 1644 to 
consult . . . about winter quarters, and Colkitto joined with 
recruits from Clanranald, Glengarry, Keppoch, Glencoe, Appin, 
the Camerons and Farquharsons. "The Council declared for the 
Highlands as being most secure. Montrose gave in to the ma- 



IOS MACIANS OF 1 1644-45 

jority, on the assurance being given that food and quarters could 
... be provided. 'But how shall we find a track? ' asked 
Montrose, 'or how obtain subsistence at this season? ' Angus 
the son of Allan Dubh, who appears to have been the leader of 
the Glencoe men," offered himself as a guide after Argyle was 
accustomed to say that he would not let any one know the passes 
into his country from the east for 100,000 crowns; Allan . . . 
was also prominent upon the question of commissariat . . . 
and said he knew the stanch houses and could procure fat cattle 
in the Campbell country of Argyle, and this assurance "turned 
the scale in favour of wintering in the Highlands." (Adapted 
from Clan Donald, II., 203, 204; and Taylor's Pictorial History 
of Scotland, II., 622). 

The Calendar of State Papers notes that in 1644 Alaster Mac- 
Donell was a comrade of the Karl of Montrose: at first glance 
this might seem to refer to Alexander or Alastair of Glencoe, 
but it is improbable ; the first reference in the Calendar states 
that the Earl "with a famous fellow called Kittock" are taken 
prisoners by the Earl of Argyle; the next is that the enemy 
was routed, Montrose missing and his comrade Kitto slain. But 
this may have been a mistake, for in 1652 a certain Col. Alex. 
Macdonall, possibly the same, was made a close prisoner, special 
care was to be taken of him and 2s a day allowed him, etc. 

We read in the Encyc. Brit., article Scotland, that about 1645 
"Montrose erected the royal standard [of Charles I.] in Dumfries ; 
then passing to the Highlands, after the victory of Tippermuir 
he took Perth, and defeated L,ord Lewis Gordon at the Bridge 
of Dee. Next, after ravaging the county of Argyll, he marched 
to Inverness, but returned to defeat Argyll at Inverlochy, won 
further victories at Auldearn near Nairn and Alford on the Don, 
and by that of Kilsyth appeared to have recovered Scotland 
for Charles." We quote these names partly because Glencoe 
served under Montrose in his wars and fought with particular 
valor at the battle of Inverlochy, according to Grant's Tartans 
of the Clans of Scotland. 

The Maclans took part in the celebrated raid of the Campbell 
country ,as noted in Browne's Highlanders and Clans, I., 362, 
and the Stewarts of Appin, 185. 

And they were in the centre of the front line in the battle of 
Inverlochy, fought Sunday, February 2nd, 1645. (Keltic's 



I645-5 1 GLENCOE- 109 

Highland Clans, I., 198). It was after this battle that Ranald 
of the Shield, afterwards killed in the Glencoe Massacre, won 
his sobriquet by fighting with dirk and target against a braggart 
English dragoon. This incident has been given with much vigor 
and eloquent detail in Clan Donald, II., 204-206, the hero being 
Ranald Macdonald, (son of Allan of Achtriachtan), and who 
remarked among other things in Gaelic: "There is no knowing 
what may happen to me, but the very devil will happen to him.'' 
As Ranald fought at Worcester in 1651, it is probable the Clan 
formed part of the Highland forces which defended that place 
against ten times their number, until King Charles [II.] himself 
ordered them to retreat. 

We had hoped to show that the spirited military march called 
"Blue Bonnets over the Border" was written by Sir Walter 
Scott in commemoration of this invasion of England by the 
Highlanders, but it evidently celebrated a period a few years 
before, when General Alexander Leslie advanced toward Long 
Marston Moor; and the names are decidedly of the Lowlands. 
Perhaps the most stirring version is the one beginning: 

March, march, Ettrick and Teviotdale, 

\Yhy the de'il dinna ye march forward in order? 

March, march, Eskdale and Liddesdale, 

All the Blue Bonnets are over the Border." . . . 

We read that about 1651 some plaids were known, and as 
we have mention of them in Section IV. about this date, we 
introduce the subject. 

PLAIDS AND TARTANS. It is well known that each Clan had 
its distinguishing plaid and tartan, (the difference is said to be 
in the texture of the goods, the former being much the thicker 
of the two). They were originally worn only in the Highlands, 
and "some were known in 1651," [we have just seen that plaiding 
was known in 1649*]; their use was forbidden in 1747,! but 

* Frank Adam quotes several items from official documents, showing that 
"tartanes" were mentioned as far back as 1471, in the accounts of the royal 
household. Among other quaint entries are found: "Four elne and ane 
halve of tartane for a sparwort aboune his credill, [canopy above his cradle ?]i 
foprice ane elne, ios."; also "Heland sarkis to the Kingis grace . . . r 
twa unce of silk to sew thame . . . for iiij elnis of ribanis to the handes 
of them ..." 

t The following "Indemnity Oath," which may be found in the Encyclo- 



110 MACIANS OF 1651 

the Act was repealed in 1782. There were two principal marks 
of distinction, the green (or Maine) and the red (or dearg) 
field ; a very few had yellow for the ground or conspicuous color, 
and one or two were chiefly white, grey, blue or black. Upon 
the various fields, generally green or red, the arrangement of 
bars and threads of differing colors in various widths, formed 
the clan plaid. And so the proverb said: "Kyth i' your ain 
colours, that fowk may ken you." 

These fabrics are still made in favorite patterns which are 
often called for, but there being little or no demand for some, 
like that of the Maclans or McKeans, those have to be made to 
order. We have the pleasure of presenting a sample of the 
Mackeane arrangement, made by White of Edinburgh, and said 
to be set forth in Old and Rare Scottish Tartans, by Donald 
William Stewart, Edinburgh, George P. Johnston, 1893. "Sir 
Richard Urquhart, Knycht, author of 'Vestiarum Scotiorum,' ' 
says: "Mackeane he the four stryppes of Blak upon ain scarlett 
feilde, and upon the scarlett set ain spraig (sprainge) of yellow 
of saxteen threidis, havand thereto ain bordure of Blak of twa 
threidis." This seems conclusive of the color of the field, though 
Maclan's "Clans of the Scottish Highlanders indicates the Glencoe 
as one of the green plaids. W. and A. K. Johnston's Scottish 
Clans and Tartans gives the MacDonald in general, and those 
of Clanranald and of Glengarry with green or blue predominating, 
and those of the Isles and Slate and of Staffa with red.* 

paedia Britannica and in What is my Tartan? was extorted from the High- 
landers, to guard against evasion of the Act: "I, A. B., do swear, and as I 
shall answer to God at the great day of judgment, I have not, nor shall 
have, in my possession any gun, sword, pistol, or arm whatsoever, and never 
use tartan, plaid, or any part of the Highland garb; and if I do so may I 
be cursed in my undertakings, family, and property, may I never see my 
wife and children, father, mother, or relations, may I be killed in battle 
as a coward, and lie without Christian burial in a strange land, far from 
the grave of my forefathers and kindred; may all this come across me if 
I break my oath." Among other indignant protests called forth by the 
oath was a poetical one mentioned by Frank Adam and entitled, ''The 
Anathema of the Breeks." The Act was repealed in 1782, but even in 1809, 
one of the Scottish regiments was ordered to discontinue their Highland 
dress, as it was "objectionable to the people of Britain! " (Adapted from 
What is my Tartan?). 

* Samples furnished by Simpson, Hunter and Young, of Glasgow, indi- 
cate that the 




THE MACKEANE TARTAN 



l6 5 I- 55 GLENCOE. in 

The documents just quoted mention prices varying from 
4-y. 4</. to i2.y. ["old style"] per ell (the Scotch ell used to be 
37.2 inches): the price in Glasgow, in 1901, of any pattern ap- 
peared to be 6s. per yard, 54 inches wide, customs dues, ocean 
freight, domestic expressage, etc., not included, but possibly 
increasing the cost from 40 to 50 per cent. Any small quantity 
can probably be supplied, but in the case of rare patterns being 
ordered to be manufactured, perhaps a piece 25 yards long 
and 21 inches wide would have to be taken at the least. 

Lord Archibald Campbell's Records of Argyll, 428, referring 
to "The search in Glencoe for mention or tradition anent dis- 
tinctive clan tartan or clan colours," gives the following 

"Letter from S. MacGregor to 'D.' Glencoe 2Oth Feb., 1883. 

My dear Sir, . . . As to the wider question as to the existence 
of tartans generally at and previous to the time of the Massacre 
of Glencoe, we think that there can be no reasonable doubt. 
Upon this subject tradition is full and undivided. An old woman 
in the Glen (Mrs. Maclntyre), a descendant of MacEunruig or 
Henderson, Maclan's family piper (MacEunruig Mor) tells me 
.that when a little girl she heard her grandmother, then a very 
old woman, say that all her ancestors wore tartan and nothing 
else." 

James Logan in The Scottish Gael, 159, quotes from Heron 
that before the middle of the fifteenth century, tartan was manu- 
factured of one or two colors for the poor; but gives intimations 
on p. 156 that tartans existed in Britain long prior to the com- 
mencement of our credible history, and that Abaris the high 
priest of the Hyperborei wore a robe which seems to be a Scottish 
plaid. 

Resuming historical notes proper: 

In the General Index to the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, 
we read for 1655: "Glencoe with adjacent districts to form a 



MacDonalds of Clan Ranald / had a plaid with dark blue or green field, with 

Glengarry i" red and white bars and threads. 
',, v , \ had a plaid w r ith dark blue or green field, with 

j red bars and threads. 
(Staffa, said) - had a plaid wkh dark red field> witH Wack> 

( Glencoe ) blue and white threads. 

( Sleat a nd ) had a plaid with dark red field, with black 

( thelsles ) and dark blue threads - 



112 MACIAN3 OF 1655-74 

new county;" and there is a similar entry about Glengarry, 
but tri2 detailed reference appears to be missing. 

Raids and feuds continue to occupy the attention of the sub* 
jects of these Notes at this period of their history. 

It was apparently in September, 1665, that some Maclans of 
Glencoe, and MacGregors, joined the Camerons against the Mack- 
intoshes, about lands in Lochaber; three hundred of the men 
had bows, and it is stated that these were the last considerable 
company of bowmen that appeared in the Highlands. [But we 
will meet with them again]. Soon after, the Camerons being 
joined by the MacDonalds of Glengarry, Keppoch, Glencoe and 
others, marched into Mull, and prevented an intended invasion 
by Argyll. (History of the Camerons, 162, 163). At this time 
also, [see 1685] another fight took place between Glencoe and 
some Breadalbane men at Killin. (Records of Argyll, 477). 

And in June, 1671, the MacGregors, joined by the MacDonalds 
of Glencoe and Keppoch, entered Menzies' lands, drove out his 
tenants and performed warlike acts. "In consequence of which 
they were on August i denounced rebels for not having compeared 
before the Lords of Council on July 27, to answer for their assis- 
tants and complices entering the lands of Rannoch and by force 
and violence taking possession of a part of the said Sir Alexander 
Menzies his lands and maintaining of the same by force of arms, 
and committing divers other outrages," etc. (Clan Gregor, II., 

155)- 

Sir James Macdonald of Sleat having laid claim to be chief 
of the whole clan, he was held responsible for their good behavior 
in the Isles and on the Mainland. In 1674 it was represented 
to the Privy Council "that Alexander Macdonald of Glencoe 
who had been committed prisoner within the Tolbooth of Invera- 
ray by order of the Earl of Argyle, had succeeded in effecting 
his escape" . . . his misdeeds are not specified. But "since 
his escape he was accused, with John Macdonald of Achtriachatan, 
and their accomplices, of having committed 'several murders 
and depredations' in the County of Argyle." Sir James was 
required "to assist in apprehending his clansmen, but nothing 
further is heard of them in this connection. (Clan Donald, III., 
67, 68). A similar claim of precedence over "their haill kyn 
of Clan Donald" had been made before, by certain Macdonalds 
of Dunnyveg. (Ibid., 167). 



1 66i-87 GLENCOE. 113 

The clan entered the government service as part of the Highland 
host brought down to curb the Covenanters in that bloodless 
but devastating foray. " It may be explained that the 'High- 
land host,' about 8,000 men, with headquarters at Stirling, 
remained in the Lowlands some eight months. It overawed 
the whigs so that the latter did not attempt to oppose the govern- 
ment during the stay of these Highlanders. " (Keltic's Highland 
Clans, I., 335). A letter in Woodrow's MSS., Advocates' Library, 
dated Feb. i, 1678, says that among other clans of the Highland 
host brought down to curb the Covenanters, "the Glencow men 
were verie remarkable, who had for their ensign a faire bush 
of heath, wel spread and displayed on the head of a staff, such 
as might have affrighted a Roman eagle." The letter is published 
entire in Black-wood's Magazine, April, 1817, p. 68. It is also 
related, in one of the manuscripts of later date (?) that four 
amber beads now in the Antiquarian Museum in Edinburgh, 
and worn by a lady of the clan on the morning of the massacre, 
were esteemed as a cure for blindness. The above letter is 
mentioned here chronologically, though the Covenants appear 
to have been suppressed before, and declared illegal in 1661. 

Probably towards the end of the reign of Charles II. the Clan 
incurred the enmity of Brcadalbane, (who had been recently 
[Aug. 13, 1681] created an earl), and thus engendered a feeling 
of hatred which vented itself in the Glencoe massacre. On 
their return from a foray into the Lowlands, they attempted to 
cross the lands of Breadalbane without asking permission, and 
the Campbells sallied out in hot pursuit. They overtook the 
Macdonalds near Killin, where the raiders took up their position 
on some rising ground . . . and awaited the onset. They 
received their assailants with swarms of arrows and repulsed 
them, killing nineteen of the Campbells, and wounding among 
others Colonel Menzies, who had urged in vain that the fiery 
young Campbells should make a flank attack on their enemies. 
(Abridged from Stewart's Highlanders and Highland Regiments). 

In 1687 the Glencoe men took part in what it is a relief to 
know was the last great clan battle of Scottish history, Mullroy 
or Glenroy. Mackintosh of Moy held a crown grant of certain 
lands, which Keppoch was in actual possession of, and when 
the latter was challenged to produce his title deeds he replied 
that he held his lands not by a sheep's skin but by the sword. 



114 MACIANS OF 1687 

(Scott's Tales of a Grandfather, Chap. LVI.). Aided by an 
independent company of government troops commanded by 
Captain Mackenzie of Suddie, Mackintosh" with his clan marched 
on Keppoch, and finding the chief's house deserted he set a 
large force of workmen brought for the purpose, to build a fort 
near by. The work was interrupted by news that the Macdonalds 
of Keppoch, Glengarry and Glencoe were behind a neighboring 
ridge intending to surprise Mackintosh at daybreak. The latter 
determined to anticipate them and marched his men before 
dawn, but the Macdonalds under Coll of Keppoch . . . appeared 
upon the upper ridge while the Mackintoshes and their govern- 
ment allies were scaling the heights of Mullroy. With bows and 
arrows, broadswords and Lochaber axes the Macdonalds attacked 
Moy so fiercely that they routed his men, killing Suddie and 
taking Mackintosh himself prisoner. While the Macdonalds 
were scattered in pursuit of the vanquished enemy, the Mac- 
phersons appeared, and sending a flag of truce demanded thsa 
Moy be surrendered to them. Mackintosh claimed to be head 
of the confederation Clan Chattan of which the Macphersont 
were members, and Keppoch realizing that in the disorganized 
state of his forces resistance was useless, handed Mackintosh 
over to the despised Macphersons. This was galling to the 
pride of the haughty chieftain, but the good-natured Macphersons 
set him free instead of taking him to their chief at Cluny. From 
the Macdonalds gaining the higher ground at the outset of the 
battle arose the words: "Macdonald took the brae on them," 
in a ' Salute ' ever after used by the pipers of the Keppoch Mac- 
donalds. Coll besieged Inverness, exacted a fine from it and 
compelled its people to ground arms to the MacDonald tartan 
as a punishment for aiding Mackintosh. This resistance to 
royal troops and the killing of their captain caused letters of 
fire and sword to be issued against Coll Macdonald of Keppoch, 
and soldiers were sent with orders to destroy man, woman and 
child, and lay waste Keppoch's estates. He escaped and a 
kinsman purchased his immunity from further punishment by 
paying a large crick or fine. (Abridged from Skene's History 
of the Highlands}. 

We have thought that the accompanying signatures, selected 
from a couple of pages of them in the Acts of the Parliaments 
of Scotland, would prove of interest to our readers. There is 



1687-89 GLENCOU. 115 

little to be explained about them : John Graham of Claverhouse, 
the "Bonnie Dundee," was the head and front of the rebellion 
in which several Macdonalds, McKeans and others joined, as 
will be set forth presently: Argyle and Dalrymple were their 
inveterate enemies; the blot on the name of the former is literal 
as well as figurative, and the latter exhorted the executioners 
of Glencoe "to be exact in rooting out that damnable sect, the 
worst in all the Highlands," and that they need not trouble 
the Government with prisoners. 



Le. 

, 'fat^Jt, 





Early in 1689, as we gather from MacKenzie's History of the 
Camerons, 183, etc., MacDonald of Keppoch, with eight hundred 
men, was to have conveyed Viscount Dundee to Lochaber, the 
place fixed upon for the mustering of the adherents of King 
James ; but Keppoch laid siege to Inverness, arrested the magnates 
there and insisted upon their paying a heavy ransom; and 
Dundee having rebuked Keppoch, the latter retired to his own 
country instead of conducting the Viscount. At Lochaber the 
first person who met Dundee was Glengarry with two or three 
hundred men. He was followed by MacDonald of Morar at the 



Il6 MACIANS OF 1689 

head of about two hundred members of Clan Ranald; also by 
Appin and Glencoe with about the same number. A letter 
dated June 23, 1689, written by Dundee to Macleod of Macleod, 
shows how much dependence he placed on the Highland chief- 
tains, among whom he names Glencoe. 

The letter is given in Browne's History of the Highlanders and 
Clans, II., 146, and the following are extracts: 

"Moy June 23, 1689. 

. . . Captain of Glenrannald is near us these several dayes 
... Apen Glenco Lochell Glengaire Keppoch are all raidy." 

Towards the middle of the year, according to MacKenzie, 
Dundee and his army being in Lochaber, Macdonald of the Isles 
joined him with about seven hundred men, but it was concluded 
to adhere to the Highland tactics and not to drill the force. 

"An interesting word picture of several Highland chiefs is 
given in a Latin poem composed by Dundee's standard-bearer, 
and the portrait of the Chief of Glencoe before Killiecrankie may 
be accepted as substantially correct, though somewhat hyper- 
bolical in colouring. 'Next came Glencoe, terrible in unwonted 
arms, covered as to his breast with new hide, and towering 
above his whole line by head and shoulders. A hundred men 
all of gigantic mould, all mighty in strength, accompany him 
as he goes to the war. He himself turning his shield in his hand, 
nourishing terribly his sword, fierce in aspect, rolling his wild 
eyes, the horns of his twisted beard curled backward, seems to 
breathe forth [?] wherever he moves." (Clan Donald, II., 206, 
207, quoting from The Grameid, an Heroic poem descriptive of 
the Campaign of Graham, Viscount Dundee in 1689, by James 
Philip of Almerieclose, 1691). 

The battle of Killiecrankie was fought on the 27th of July, 
1689, an English force of 3,500 men and two troops of horse 
having arrived at the pass on their march northward; Dundee 
had with him about 1,800 Highlanders and 300 Irishmen. The 
reinforcements sent for from various places, Ardnamurchan 
included, not having joined the Jacobites because the day of 
rendezvous had not arrived, the question with the latter was 
whether to wait for assistance or attack at once. Alexander 
Macdonald of Glengarry and Sir Hwen Cameron spoke so decidedly 
in favor of fighting immediately, that Dundee concluded to do 
so, though at first the council were disposed to stand on the 



1689 GIvENCOE. 117 

defensive. The Macdonalds of Clanranald and Glengarry were 
with the right; Sir Donald Macdonald and the Islesmen were 
on the extreme left, with the Camerons, according to Mackenzie, 
who sums up the account of the engagement thus: "The High- 
landers, though they had to mourn the loss of about a third of 
their men, secured a complete victory, and few of the enemy 
escaped; but having lost their brilliant commander, [Dundee, 
"Greatest of Scots and last"], the result was dearly bought, 
and the war may be said to have ended before it was well 
commenced by a Highland victory, perhaps the most brilliant 
on record." History of the Camerons, 196. 

Taylor's Pictorial History of Scotland states (II., 786, 787), 
that Dundee's men fought in their shirt-sleeves at Killiecrankie, 
and that the Clans formed separate battalions and charged the 
English lines in column. "When the English troops fired their 
last shots on the advancing Highlanders the latter rushed in 
with their double-edged broadswords before the royal troops 
could screw their bayonets to the end of their muskets. This 
experience led their general, Mackay, to invent the present plan 
of fastening the bayonet to the outside of the muzzle." 

A Latin poem written towards the end of the eighteenth cen- 
tury by Professor Kennedy of Aberdeen, and entitled " Proelium 
Gillecrankianum," says in part: 

"Macneillus de Bara, Glencono, Keppochanus, 
Ballechinus cum fratre Stewartus Apianus, 
Pro Jacobo Septimo fortiter gessere, 
Pugilis fortissimi feliciter vincere." 

"The Maclan of Glencoe of this period was, according to 
contemporary testimony, a person of 'great integrity, honour, 
good nature and courage.' His loyalty to King James was such 
that he continued in arms from Dundee's first appearance in 
the Highlands till the fatal treaty that brought about his ruin." 
(Grant's Tartans of the Clans of Scotland}. 

Glencoe was not only engaged in the battle of Killiecrankie, 
but also took part in the campaign which followed under General 
Buchan. (Scott's Tales of a Grandfather, Chap. LVIII.). 

In Vol. IX. of the Acts Parl. Scot., we come to official docu- 
ments bearing upon the troublous times alluded to, and it is 
somewhat difficult to reconcile dates and facts. Some quotations 



MACIANS OF 



1 689-1 9th cent. 




PRESUMING THAT OUR READERS WOULD BE PLEASED TO SEE SOME VIEWS OF 

THE PASS, WE HAVE SELECTED TWO CONTRASTING ONES OUT OF SEVERAL. 




1690 

may be necessary from the Appendix first, and afterwards from 
the body of the work. Among the "Proceedings in the Parlia- 
ment of King William and Queen Mary holden and begun at 
Edinburgh April XV, M.DC.XC.," are many documents of 
various lengths. We will quote one of the Bonds of Association 
entered into by the Highland Clans after the Defeat of their 
party at Dunkeld, and later give extracts from the decree of 
forfeiture against the Viscount of Dundee and others for high 
treason, as both of these instruments include the McKean- 
McDonald of Glencoe in more or less good company with many 
others. 

"BOND of Association 

WEE Lord James Murray, Patrick Stewart of Ballechan S r John 
McLean, S r Donald McDonald, S r Ewan Cameron, Glengarie, 
Bembecula, S r Alex r McLean, Appin, Enveray, Keppoch, Glencoe, 
Strowan, Calochell, Lr, Coll : McGreger, Bara, Large, McNaughton, 
doe herby bind and oblidge our selves for his Majesties* service, 
and our oun safties to Meit att the day of 

September next and to bring along with us of fencible 

men,f that is to say L, James Murray and Ballechan 
Sr John McLean 200, Sr Donald McDonald 200, Sr Alex r McLean 
100, Appin 100, Enveray 100, Keppoch 100, L, Coll: McGregore 
loo, Calochele 50, Strowan 60, Bara 50, Glencoe 50, McNawghton 
50, Large 50, Bot in caice any of the rebells shall assault or Attaque 
any of the above named persons betwixt the date hereof and 
the aforsaid day of rendevouze, wee do all solemnlie promise 
to assist one another to the utmost of our power as witness 
thir presents signed by us att the Castle of Blair the 24 of August 
1689 years 

Tho Farq r sone D Mackdonald Al r Robertsone 

Jo MacLeane D M D of Benbecula D McNeill 

E Cameron of Locheill Al McDonald Alex r McDonald 

Al Stewart Do McGregor 

Alex r M Donell 

* That is, for "James VII.," not William III. 
t Men capable of bearing arms. 



20 MACIANS OP 1690 

[Endorsed ?] 13 June 1690 

Produced by His Majesties Advocate 
Signature of Alex r . Macdonald of Glencoe. 




From Clan Donald, III. 

The importance of the following documents may excuse long 
quotations from them. 

"DECREET of Forfeiture against John Viscount of Dundee 
& others. 

AT EDINBURGH the ffourteenth day of July one thousand sex 
hundreth & nynty years Anent the lybelled Summonds and 
Indytement for high treasone raised and persewed befor the 
King and Queens Majesties and the Estates of Parliament written 
in Latine and expede under the hand of the deputfy] of the 
directors of Chancellary keeper of the Quarter Seall conforme 
to ane warrand and act of Parliament after mentioned At the 
instance of Sir John Dalrymple younger of Stair their Ma ties 
advocat for their highnes Intrest in the matter under wrytten 
Against John Viscount of Dundee, James Earle of Dumfermling 
Viscount of ffrendraught Lord Dunkeld, Major 

William Grahame of Balwhaple, Collonell Alexander Cannan, 
John Cleiland of Fasken M r Colin M c Kenzie uncle to the Earle 
of Seaforth, Sir John Drummond of Machany, William Crawford 
younger of Ardmillan James Crawfurd his brother, 
Robertson of Strowan, David Grahame brother to the deceist 
John Viscount of Dundee for himselfe and as representing the 
said Viscount Halyburton of Pitcurr and Haly- 

burton as air to the said deceist Halyburton of Pitcurr 

his father James Edmonstoun of Newtoun of Doune, Sir Ewan 
Cameron of Lochyeell Cameron his eldest sone, Donald 

M c donald younger of Sclaite, the Laird of M c naughton, 



1690 GUiNCOE. 121 

Grant of Ballindalloch Stewart of Appin, 

M c kean alias M c donald elder of Glencoe, Alexander Mcdonald 
younger of Glengary Donald M c neill of Gallahellie a nd Sir 
John M c lean of Dowart and diverse others their associats and 
accomplices. The authentick Copie whereof in English produced 
in manner after specified maketh mentione That where the 
Crymes of rebellione and treasone, ryseing and continowing in 
in armes against their Majesties and their highnesses authority 
& government and the assaulting of their Majesties forces, The 
garisoneing of houses and strengths, The harbouring correspond- 
ing and associateing with open rebells and traitours, The falling 
upon, woundeing or robbeing their Ma ties forces in their retreate, 
are high Crymes punishable with forfeiture of lyfe, lands and 
goods, And by the third act first Parliament King James the 
First It is statute and ordained that no man nottourly rebell 
against the Kings persone under the pain of forfaulting of life 
lands and goods And by the thretty seventh act of his second 
Parliament it is statute that nae man wilfully resett entertaine 
or doe favours to open and manifest rebells And by the fourteenth 
& fyfteenth acts Parliament sexth of King James the second 
and Parliament tuelth King James the sexth Caput one hundred 
and fourty sex the ryseing in fear of weare or supplying the 
rebells in help, red or councill or the stuffeing of houses for the 
furthering of the Kings rebells are crymes for which the persones 
are punishable as traitours against whom not only forfaultures 
are allowed to proceed in absence by the eleventh act of the 
first session second Parliament of King Charles the Second but 
also by the sexty nynth act, Parliament sexth King James the 
fyfth the summonds of treasone may be persewed against the 
air for the treason committed by his predecessor Nevertheles it 
is of verity that the deceist John Viscount of Dundee and" 
[here follows 'the full list of names already given] "haveing 
shaken off all fear of God and regaird to their Ma ties and their 
Laws and love to their native Countrey they did ryse and con- 
tinow in open armes . . . the first, second, thrid or ane or 
other of the dayes of the moneth of Aprill I m vj c eighty nyne 
years or ane or other of the dayes of the moneth of May there- 
after the said year And upon . . . the said moneth and year 
of God forsaid the said deceist John Viscount of Dundee and 
the other persons amentioned did come to the toune of Perth 



122 MACIANS OF 1690 

in fear of wear and therein in ane hostile manner did seize and 
carry away the deceist Laird of Blair and other officers of their 
Majesties forces . . . And upon the day of June . . . did 
attack a certain number of their Majesties forces ... As 
also . . . having raised & assembled severall thousands of 
rebells and Highland robbers, they had the boldnes to march 
throw the Countrey oppressing and destroying their Majesties 
good and loyall subjects and to oppose their forces . . . and 
. . . did in a plain battle attack their Majesties Armie, betwixt 
the Blair of Athole and the pass of Gilliechrankie and did kill 
and wound severall of their Majesties forces and good subjects 
And thereafter . . . did attack their Majesties forces at Dun. 
keld . . . And haveing mett and assembled at Inverlochie 
. . . they entred into treasonable Conspiracies bonds and 
associa c ns for furnishing of certain numbers and proportions of 
armed men for the maintenance and support of the rebellion 
. . . and the other crymes above mentioned were committed 
by the persones above named and ilkane of them ... Of the 
which horrid and treasonable crymes above specified or ane or 
other of them the haill fornamed persons and ilk ane of them 
are actors airt & pairt . . . And therfore the saids haill defenders 
above named to have compeared befor their Majesties 

and the three estates of Parliament within the Parliament hous 
of Ed r at ane certain day bygone to have heard & seen sentence 
and decreit given and pronounced against them . . . with the 
usuall solemnities necessar upon tuenty fyve dayes warning at 
the mercat cross of the head burgh of the shyre where the for- 
named persones live . . . and accordingly all the persons 
against whom the lybell or Indytement of high treasone is raised 
were thryce publickly called by macers at the barr & at the 
great door of the house and none of them compearing the said 
Sir John Dalrymple their Ma ties advocat . . . did produce ane 
executione of the said summonds . . . bearing that the said 
George Ogilvy Albany herauld at command of the saids Letters 
of treasone . . . and by vertew thereof with one of their 
Ma ties trumpeters & witnesses thereunto subscryveing past 
upon" [certain days and at market crosses specified] "with 
their coats of arms displayed, sound of trumpet and other solem- 
nities requisite and necessar open proclamation and publict 
reading of the said sumonds of treasone he lawfully charged 



1690 GLENCOE. 123 

the haill persones above and after mentioned viz" [a recapitu- 
lation of the names] . . . "to have compeared . . . and 
that he made certification and affixt & left authentick doubles 
. . . Together with another executione under the hand of 
William Glover Rothesay herauld bearing that upon" [certain 
days and at other market crosses named, he] ' 'summoned warned 
and charged ilk ane of the fornamed persones above named 
and others ... be sound of trumpet three severall tymes with 
displayed coatt be open proclamatione & publict reading . . . 
to compeir befor their Majesties high Court of Parliament . . . 
and after publict reading of the said lybell of treason in Scots 
. . . the same" [persons already named] ". . . being oft & 
diverse tymes called by macers in the Parliament house and 
at the great door which was cast open as use is and not com- 
pearand . . . And sicklyke their Majesties Advocat produced 
the writs after mentioned viz. Ane Bond of Association entered 
into by ... and other highlanders wherby they bind and 
obleidge themselves for his Majestic (the late King James) 
service ... to meet . . . and to bring alongst with them 
. . . fencible men ... as they pretend in testimonie of 
their loyalty to their Sacred & Dread Soveraign . . . they vow 
and protest befor the Almighty God and on their Salvation at 
the Great Day to goe on secretly and with all the power and 
strength they have to stick and byde by one another, . . . 
So help them God; As also produced ane letter wryten by the 
said Sir Ewan Cameron . . . and others of the highland Clans 
direct to Major Generall M c kay ... in answer to his . . . 
and that he might know the sentiments of men of honour they 
declare to him & all the world they scorne his usurper and the 
indemnities of his Government and to save his further trouble 
by his frequent invitations they assure him that they are satis- 
fied their King (James will] take his oun tyme & way to manadge 
his dominions & punish his rebells And albeit he should send no 
assistance to them at all they will all dye with their Swords in 
their hands befor they faill in their loyalty and swore alleadgeance 
to ther Soveraign . . . and that those of them who live in 
Islands have already seen and defyed the Prince of Orange his 
friggotts and that they had returned Duke Hamilton's letter 
becaus he had more use for it then they. And after production 
and reading of the said tuo bonds of associatione . . . By 



124 MACIANS Otf 1690 

which bonds they obleidge themselves to stick to one another 
in his Maties service, which by the place and persons appears 
to be the late King James . . . And farder . . . deponed in 
the said matter of treasone as to the poynts admitted to the 
Lord Advocat his probation in manner forsaid viz. against 
[all the names and titles are here repeated] . . . that the 
fornamed persons were actually in armes against their Majesties 
. . . And haveing also considered the bonds of association and 
missive letter above mentioned produced by the Lord Advocat 
which he declared he made use of for adminiculating of the 
probation against the said [the names appear again] . . . And 
likeways their Majesties and the Estates of Parliament by the 
mouth of the said John Ritchie Dempster of Parliament decern 
and adjudge the said [above list of names excepting John, Vis- 
count Dundee, who was already dead] to be execute to the death, 
demained as traitours and to underly the pains of treasone 
when ever they shall be apprehendit and that at such tymes 
and places & in such manner as their Majesties or the Estates 
of Parliament or the Commissioners of Justiciary shall appoynt, 
And ordains the saids persons, their name, fame, memory & 
honours to be extinct, their blood to be tainted and their armes 
to be riven furth & delett out of the books of armes so that 
their posterity may never have place nor be able hereafter to 
brook or joyse any honours offices, titles or dignities in tyme 
comeing And the saids persons imediatly above named to have 
forfaulted amitted and tint all and sundry their lands heretadges 
tacks steeding roums possessions goods and gear moveable and 
immoveable whatsomever pertaining to them to belong to their 
Majesties and to remain perpetually with them and their suc- 
cessors in property, which was pronounced for doom, And wher- 
upon their Majesties Advocat asked and took instruments. 

THE fourteenth day of July 1690 

THE depositions of the witnesses concerning . . 
Stewart of Appin Macean alias Macdonald elder of 

Glenco Alex r Macdonald younger of Glengarie Mac- 

neill of Gallochellie and Sir John Macleane of Dowart The lybell 
was found proven against all the saids persones The Estates 
having past a severall vote upon advysing of the probation as 
to ilk one of them . . . 

. . the sentences being reade The same were putt to Hie 



1690-9! GLENCOE. 125 

vote and Approven And therafter the persones whose names are 
contained in the sentences being called by Macers at the barre 
and at the great doore of the Parliament House After sound of 
trumpet the Heraulds being present with their Coates of Armes 
displayed The two sentences of forfaulture were pronounced 
with the vsuall solemnities And therafter the Coates of Armes 
of the persones forfaulted were reversed & torne by the Lyon 
deputt and his brethren Heraulds in presence of their Majesties 
Commissioner and the Estates of Parliament And therafter the 
Heraulds with the trumpeters went to the Market Croce of 
Edinburgh to perfect the formalitie with the vsuall solemnities." 

The narrative of the Massacre of Glencoe has been written 
"in eloquent prose, impassioned verse" and in official reports. 
Those who want a brilliant perversion, will find it in Macaulay's 
"History;" others who may prefer an apparently just account 
will get one in Black-wood's Magazine, Vol. 86, July, 1859. As 
might be expected, the well-equipped authors of Clan Donald 
go into full, and, all things considered, not too bitter detail: 
their description, with that of the circumstances leading up to 
it, being rather long, however, we will take the liberty of cur- 
tailing it somewhat. 

"On a Deposition by certain witnesses taken at Edinburgh 
in May, 1690, Maclain's active support of the Jacobite move- 
ment had been proved, and in September, a Commission was 
given by the Privy Council to the Earl of Argyll to pass with 
competent force to the lands of Glencoe and other rebels, and 
reduce them to obedience. The reduction of the Highlands to 
acceptance of the Government of William and Mary, was to be 
the head and front of the new policy in Scotland. 

"Circumstances were leading up to the terrible episode which 
has left so dark a stain upon the British history of the age. The 
deposed dynasty were guilty of political errors, but never schemed 
a conspiracy so barbarous as that now to be enacted for the 
pacification of the Highlands, by a Government professing the 
principles of popular rights and liberties. 

"In the summer of 1691, the Government took steps for the 
settlement of the Highlands. They appointed the Marquis 
[Earl ?] of Breadalbane to the task of pacification and gave him 
,12,000 to be applied to this end. No one less suited than he 
could have been selected. It was hinted that a much smaller 



126 MACIANS OF 169! 

part of the fund went to the Clans than that which recompensed 
his own dubious services. Besides which, he was at feud with 
some of those he was appointed to pacify. He inaugurated his 
mission of peace by fastening a quarrel on Maclain of Glencoe 
about cows said to have been stolen by his clansmen, and threaten- 
ing him with vengeance. The peace of the Highlands was 
undoubtedly sacrificed for the sake of Breadalbane's cows. He 
retained Glencoe's share of the Government fund in name of 
payment for past depredations, and Glencoe exercised his in- 
fluence with the other chiefs, to refuse or delay allegiance. The 
Government, under the circumstances, seemed reasonable and 
politic: a Proclamation recommended the Clans to submit to 
the authority of William and Mary, offering pardon to all who 
promised to live peacefully under their rule, if the submission 
was made on or before the 3ist December, 1691, but all those 
who held out after that date were to be regarded as enemies 
and traitors. 

"Yet behind the policy avowed there lurked the dark designs 
of the Master of Stair and of Breadalbane; and the former 
intended a crime exceeding that which was committed: the 
clans of Keppoch, Glengarry and Lochiel were to be exterminated , 
as well as that of Glencoe. His orders to the commander of 
the forces were: 'Your troops will destroy entirely the country 
of Lochaber, Lochiel's lands, Keppoch's Glengarry's, and Glen- 
coe's. Your power shall be large enough. I hope the soldiers 
will not trouble the Government with prisoners.' * 

"The other chiefs submitted in time, but Maclain's delay 
proved fatal. Possibly he hoped for a fresh rally of the Jacobite 
cause, and this failing, he only allowed himself sufficient time 
to appear before Colonel Hill, the Governor at Fort William, 
before the expiration of the last day granted. 

"Arriving there, he found to his alarm and mortification that 
the Colonel, not having a magistrate's commission, could not 
receive the oath of allegiance; but he hastened him to Invera- 
ray with a letter to the Sheriff there to receive Maclain as a 
'lost sheep.' He went past his home without stopping, through 

* Dalrymple's instructions were said to have been written on the back 
of a playing card, the nine of diamonds, known as "The curse of Scotland.'' 
Of the five reasons for this title, given in Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and 
Fable, none seems convincing. 



1691-92 GLENCOE. 127 

snow and tempest to meet further delays, being detained by 
Captain Drummond, of whom more hereafter. He was three 
days at Inveraray before Sir Colin Campbell, detained by stress 
of weather could come to town. After some hesitation, the 
oath was administered, though six days after the statutory 
time, and Maclain, hoping all his difficulties were surmounted, 
retired to his Glen. He called his people together, told them 
he had taken the oath of allegiance and made his peace with 
the Government, and charged them to be loyal to the new order 
of things. 

"The certificate was sent to Edinburgh written upon the 
same page as several others bearing upon quondam Jacobite 
rebels, and ought, like the rest, to have been submitted to the 
Privy Council,but there were influences at work, taking advantage 
of the fact that, despite Maclain's submission, he was technically 
a rebel ; the favorable circumstances were to be left out of account. 
Sir Gilbert Elliot, Clerk to the Council, refused to take Glencoe's 
certificate on account of its irregularity as to time, and some 
Privy Councillors opined that it could not be received without 
a warrant from the King. So Colin Campbell, Sheriff Clerk of 
Argyll erased the certificate and its submission to the Council 
Board was prevented. 

"On the nth January, 1692, the instructions were signed 
by King William, by which the massacre was to be carried out. 
Drawn up by the Scottish Secretary, Sir John Dalrymple, they 
showed how necessary for the perpetration of the outrage was 
the suppression of the certificate of the submission. The instruc- 
tions distinctly empower the authorities to receive on mercy, 
even at that late date, those who were willing to take the oath 
of allegiance: Maclain's case was therefore clearly covered by 
this last Proclamation 'That chieftains and heritors or leaders 
. . . taking the oaths . . . are to have quarters and indem- 
nity for their lives and fortunes, and to be protected from the 
soldiers . . .' Hence the grave significance of the last para- 
graph of the instructions: 'If MacEan of Glencoe and that 
trybe can be well separated from the rest it will be a proper 
vindication of the public justice to extirpate that sect of thieves.' 
This had been effected by the suppression of the certificate. 

"William's action has been defended and attacked: he was a 
Dutch and not a British statesman, and domestic questions 
had little interest for him. He governed Scotland by advice of 



128 



MACIANS OF 



1692 



his Council, English was a foreign tongue to him and even if 
he had perused the fatal order and understood it he could hardly 
be blamed for giving it his imprimatur. Maclain's submission 
had been concealed from him ; to extirpate dens of robbers might 
seem a proper function, and so the Prince of Orange was probably 
an unconscious instrument in the plot so cunningly devised. 
For the security of his British rule, increasing the irritation in 
Scotland would have been madness But at a later stage he 
was blameworthy. 

"While the ancient Chief of Glencoe dwelt in fancied security 
in his mountain home, his destruction was being worked. Sir 
Thomas Livingstone, the Commander of the Forces in Scotland, 




From the Illustrated London News, Sept. 22, 1894. 

THE PASS OF GLENCOE 



Photo by Valentine, Dundee. 



was furnished with a copy of the instructions, accompanied by 
letters from Stair, which left no doubt as to the Government's 
intentions to put the Clanian to the sword. Livingstone was a 
soldier and bound to carry out the royal instructions. He had 
to regard Maclain as a rebel to be dealt with by military law; 
much the same applies to his subordinates, Hill and Hamilton. 
The orders to Hamilton were to take 400 of Hill's regiment and 
400 of Argyll's regiment, to march straight to Glencoe, and 
there put in execution the orders received by the Commander- 
in-Chief. 



1692 



GLENCOE. 



129 



"Precautions were taken by the Scottish Secretary to secure 
success: he made arrangements with Argyll and Breadalbane to 
cut off the retreat of refugees, and the Laird of Weem was to 
guard the passes of Rannoch. Yet the measures, though harsh 
and cruel, were to be carried out so treacherously that the Clanian 
must be destroyed under the guise of friendship. The Master 
of Stair feared that on the first alarm the Clanian would take 
refuge in fastnesses so naturally strong as to defy an armed 
force to dislodge them: hence the Agents of the Government 
must obtain entrance into the very houses and win the confidence 
of the people of Glencoe. 




THE "THREE SISTERS." PASS OP GLENCOE. 

"The practical working was to be divided between Captain 
Campbell of Glenlyon, who was connected by marriage with the 
family of Glencoe, and Lieut. -Colonel Hamilton. The former 
was well qualified for the part he had to play: on the ist of 
February, he marched into Glencoe at the head of 120 soldiers. 
The sight of them created alarm among the inhabitants, and 
John, Maclain's eldest son went to meet them with 20 men, and 
asked them for what purpose they came. Lieut. Lindsay showed 
them his orders for quartering there, and assured them they had 



130 MACIANS OF 1692 

no ulterior end in view. The system of quartering troops upon 
communities supposed to be indebted to the Government, was 
practised under parliamentary enactment, and the suspicions of 
the Clanian were allayed; the officers and men were billeted in 
the glen, and hospitable entertainment given them. Glenlyon 
and some of his men were lodged with Macdonald of Inneriggan, 
while Sergeant Barbour's party were with Macdonald of Ach- 
triachtan, the principal cadet of Glencoe. Nearly every morning 
Glenlyon came to Alexander Maclain's house, the latter being 
his nephew by marriage, and took his morning draught, while 
the evenings were spent in card playing and other forms of 
friendly intercourse. 

"The morning of the i3th February had been fixed for the 
accomplishment of the purpose. Lieut. -Colonel Hamilton was 
to arrive at Glencoe at five o'clock in the morning, with 400 men, 
and to bar all possible avenues of escape. To the very end the 
appearance of cordial friendship was maintained, and for that 
same afternoon an invitation to the officers to dine at the Chief's 
house had been given and accepted. On the evening before 
the massacre the suspicions of the Chief's eldest son, John, were 
aroused, and about midnight he went to Glenlyon's quarters to 
make inquiries and found him and his men getting their arms 
ready, but Glenlyon put him off with friendly assurances and a 
story that they were getting ready to punish Glengarry's people 
for a raid, and that he would be sure to mention any danger to 
Sandy and his wife, that is, to Maclain's second son and his 
own niece. 

"The hour arrived but a snowstorm delayed Hamilton and 
enabled the bulk of the Clanian to escape. Glenlyon's instruc- 
tions were peremptory, and he was determined to carry them 
out. Macdonald of Inneriggan, his host, with nine others were 
slain in cold blood. Macdonald of Achtriachtan and eight of 
his family were sitting round the fire when a volley of musketry 
killed all but his brother, who asked of Sergeant Barbour the 
favour of being allowed to die in the open air. Barbour granted 
the favour 'for the sake of his meat which he had eaten.' Mac- 
donald catne out, flung his plaid over the faces of his intending 
murderers, arid escaped in the darkness. 

"Others were busy in the residence of the Chief. Lieut, 
lyindsay who lodged near by, knocked and asked for admission 



1692 



GLENCOE- 




132 MACIANS OF 1692 

in friendly terms. Maclain commenced to dress and ordered 
his servants to open the door and provide refreshments. The 
response was a number of shots, one of which passed through 
Maclain's head, killing the Chieftain on the spot. His wife had 
her clothes and jewels pulled off. As a result of the ill-usage 
she was subjected to, she died the following morning. 

"Maclain's sons were warned by faithful servants in time for 
them to escape. As John, the older, left his house, 20 soldiers 
approached it, but he and his brother Alexander, favoured by 
the darkness, made their escape. Old Ranald of the Shield, 
was dragged out of his bed, and knocked down for dead. Young 
Ranald, the son, escaped, and his father recovering, went to 
another house, but that was burnt, and the warrior and bard 
met his death. 

"When day had fully dawned, and Hamilton appeared, 30 
individuals had fallen victims, but it is probable that as many 
more., women, children and old men, died from exposure and 
want upon the hillside. The orders were to slay all under 70, 
but one aged clansman 80 years old was shot by Colonel Hamil- 
ton. After setting fire to the hamlets, the soldiers drove away 
from the smoking glen such sheep and goats, cattle and horses, 
as could be found. 

"Thus ended the massacre of Glencoe. It not only touches 
the Macdonald heart with grief and indignation, but must bring 
the blush of shame to the cheek of every countryman to think 
that in the land of kindly Scots, individuals could be found 
to besmirch the fair fame of Caledonia with so dark a stain." 
(Abridged from Clan Donald, II., 207-220). 

Parliament inquired into the matter, and, as will be seen 
presently, "whitewashed" everybody except the Master of Stair 
who was asked to resign the office of Secretary for Scotland ; no 
military and no capital punishments appear to have followed. 
In time the King exonerated Stair, and he, Hill, Glenlyon and 
Livingstone were promoted or advanced in due course. 

Original documents relating to the Glencoe Massacre are in 
Culloden Papers, London, 1815, pp. 19-22. The chief's name 
is there spelled "M'Kan of Glenco." Paper No. XXVII. con- 
tains a letter -from Sir John Hill to the Laird of Culloden, dated 
"Fort William, gth Oct., 1692," and says, (p. 22), "The Glenco 
Men are abundantly civil ; I have put them under my Lord Argyle 



1692 



GIvENCOE. 



133 




MACDONALD OF GLENCOE. 
From R. R. Mclan's "Clans of Scotland." 

"The above figure illustrative of this cl-n repre- 
sents a young man plunged in deep afflictive 
emotion, beside the sad memorial of the death 
of his ancestors. In a plain round bonnet he wears 
an eagle's feather, and the appropriate badge of 
his tribe. The jacket is of Lachdan or undyed 
cloth, and the sporran or purse is of the olden 
fashion." [Three feathers denoted a chief, two a 
chieftain, and one a gentleman]. 



134 MACIANS OF 1692 

and have Arkenloss surety for them till my Lord comes; for 
they are now my Lord Argyle's Men; for 'twas very necessary 
they should be under some person of power, and of honesty to 
the Government . . . " 

It is pleasant to record a tradition connected with this lament- 
able business, and told in The Martial M u sic of the Clans, 54, 55. 
It is that a Campbell piper played Lord Breadalbane's March 
under its title "Wives of the Glen," early on the fateful morning, 
in the hope of alarming the Maclans. The Gaelic words breathe 
rather much of cattle and herdsmen, perhaps the following 
paraphrase is a trifle less rugged: 

Wives of Glen-Cona, Glen-Cona, Glen-Cona, 
Wives of Glen-Cona, awake from your dreams! 
Hark to my warning, Death comes with morning, 
Hark to the warning that my pipe shrilly screams. 

Herdsmen are falling, vain was their calling, 

'Scape to the hills with your bairns and your men! 

Danger is 'round ye, fiend-foes surround ye, 

'Rouse from your slumbers faithful Wives of the Glen! 

Readers with music in themselves will recognize the rhythm 
that Sir Walter Scott has made popular to the same air in "Hail 
to the Chief \ " (which it has been suggested might be called The 
President's Salute if it were not used too frequently for other 
people). This tune is also said to have been skirled through 
the streets of Brussels on the morning of Ouatre-Bras to rouse 
the slumbering highlanders, some of whom in a few short hours 
immortalized themselves at Hougoumont. It should be stated 
that Lord Breadalbane's March in Mackay's Pipe Music is 
not like Hail to the Chief, but the title may have belonged to 
more than one tune. 

It is thought that no apology need be made for introducing 
some views of Glencoe and neighboring places. Much stress has 
been laid by various writers upon the barrenness and desolation 
of the Pass; by Macaulay apparently to imply that the inhabi- 
tants of such scenes must be expected to be savages, and that 
not being able to derive a living from the soil, they subsisted 
solely on plunder; whereas the Memoirs of Lochiel, Maitland 
Club, p. 315, concludes a description with mention of "a beauti- 
ful valley, where the inhabitants reside." A tourist very recently 



1692-95 GLENCOE 135 

wrote as follows in an English paper: "The grand and command- 
ing object at the head of Loch Leven is Glencoe ... its preci- 
pices rise like a huge wall, dark as though built of lava. Tre- 
mendous buttresses, from base to summit, disengage themselves 
from their surface, separated from each other by depths such 
as might have been cut and cloven by Thor's great hammer, 
wielded in stormy passion. The mountain is scored across, too, 
by deep lines and platforms of trap, as though they marked the 
successive floods of molten rock poured out by volcanic forces. 
Nothing can be more utterly sombre, sad, and desolate than 
this Glencoe . . ." 

For the convenience of possible pilgrims to Glencoe, a sketch- 
map of the railroad, etc., in that part of the country is here 
inserted. It may be of assistance in laying plans, to know that 
the railroad shown connects Glasgow or Edinburgh, via Stirling, 
with Callender, thence to Oban, and that at a recent date, a 
steamboat used, in the summer season, to make the passage 
from Oban to the neighborhood of Ballachulish on Loch Leven, 
where it is understood, conveyances may be procured for excur- 
sions to the Pass and elsewhere. Invercoe, the residence of the 
present proprietor of Glencoe, Sir Donald Smith, is near the 
right bank of the junction of the Cona with Loch Leven ; Treach- 
tan, spelled in more than one way, is a small loch through which 
the Cona flows. For a few particulars about the locality, see 
the first paragraph of this Section. 

Alexander Macdonald of Glencoe was a man of gigantic and 
muscular frame, and his bones were to be seen in 1845 in an 
open niche of the ruined chapel of St. Munn. (Logan's Clans 
of the Scottish Highlands). He was succeeded in the chiefship 
by his older son 

XIII. JOHN. There does not appear to be much known about 
this chief after his escape from the massacre beyond certain 
privileges accorded to himself and his clan in view of the ruin 
brought about by the disasters of 1692. He died before 1714, 
and left three sons i. Alexander. 2. James, a captain in het 
Prince's army in 1745. 3. Donald, out in 1745. 

Resuming our extracts from Volume IX. of the Acts of the 
Parliaments of Scotland, we find in the Session of May 23, 1695 
(some three years after the occurrence) an entry that "His 



136 



MACIANS OF 



1695 



Majesties Commission under the Great Seal, for an inquiry about 
the slaughter of Glencoe, [was] read." The Commission does not 
appear in the Acts, but can be found among the Minutes in the 
appendix; perhaps a couple of quotations may be interesting, 
though the apologetic proceedings of the Parliament in search 
of a scape-goat are rather long. 

[CoMMissio pro inquirendo de csede de Glencoe 
GULIEUVIUS Dei Gratia Magnae Britaniae Francise et Hyberniae 
Rex fideique defensor Omnibus probis hominibus totius terras 




CALLANDER AND OBAN RAILWAY. 

From, Black's Guide to Scotland, etc. 

suae ad quos presentes literae nostrae pervenerint salutem . . . 
pro examinando et inquirendo de caede quorund Cognominis de 
McDonald aliorumque de Glenco anno millesimo sexcentesimo 
nonagesimo secundo . . . etc.] 
Which may be rendered : 

Commission for inquiry concerning the killing of Glencoe: 
William, by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France 
and Ireland, and defender of the faith, To all well-disposed men 
of his entire dominions to whom these our letters present may 
come, greeting . . . for examining and inquiring into the 
killing of certain of the name of McDonald and of others of 
Glencoe, in the thousand six hundred and ninety-second year 
. etc. 



1695 GLENCOE- 137 

[Endorsed] VOTED nemine contradicente, that his Majesties 
high Commissioner transmitt the humble thanks of the Parlia- 
ment to his Majesty for ordering an inquiry in that matter, 
whereby the honor and justice of the Nation might be vindicated." 

It is interesting to observe that some members of Parliament 
becoming impatient, they asked several times for the Report, 
as follows : 

On June 14, 1695, it was "MovED, that the Commission for 
inquiring into the Slaughter of the Glencoe-men, may give in 
an account of their procedure therein." 

On June 18, it was " MOVED that the Commission for inquiring 
into the Slaughter of the Glencoe men may give an account to 
the House of their procedure in the said affair." 

On June 20, it was " MOVED again, that the Commission for 
inquiring into the slaughter of the Glencoe-men, may give an 
account to the House of their procedure in the said affair. His 
Majesties Commisioner signifyed, that the Commission had now 
brought the said affair to a conclusion, and a report thereof 
was prepared, which in decency ought to be first sent to the 
King, and that on Monday next, since they were so earnest, he 
wold endeavour to lay the discovery of the said affair before 
the Parliament." 

On June 24, "SEVERAL members insisting to have the report 
of the Commission for inquiring into the Slaughter of the Glencoe 
men laved before the Parliament His Majesties Commissioner 
told the Parliament, that the report of the Commission for 
inquiry into the business of Glencoe, being sent to his Majesty 
on Thursday last, he wold lay the same before them, with the 
depositions of the witnesses, and other documents relating 
thereto, for their Satisfaction and full Information, and if they 
thought fitt to make any other use of it, he made no doubt it 
wold be with that deference and submission to his Majesties 
Judgement, that becometh so loyal and zealous a Parliament, 
in vindication of the Justice and honor of his Majesties Govern- 
ment. THEN the report . . . [was] read . . . AFTER hearing 
of the said Report, it was voted, nemine contradicente, that 
his Majesties Instructions . . . contained no warrand for the 
execution of the Glencoe men, made in February therafter. 
THEN the question stated and voted, if the Execution & Slaughter 



138 MACIANS oF 1695 

of the Glencoe men . . . be a murder or not, and caried in 
the affirmative. MOVED that since the Parliament has found it 
a murder, that it may be inquired into, who were the occasion 
of it, and the persons guilty and committers of it, and what 
way and manner they should be prosecute, . . . " 

On June 26, "SUPPLICATION the Glencoe-men Craving redress 
for plundering their Cattle, and burning their Houses, read, and 
remitted to the Committee for Security of the Kingdom." 

On June 28, "THEN the Parliament proceeded in the furder 
inquiry of the Slaughter of the Glencoe-men; And in the first 
place as to the orders given by Sir Thomas Livingstoun, in 
two of his Letters directed to Lievetennent Collonell Hamilton, 
and the saids Letters being read, after debate thereon, voted 
first proceed or delay, and caried proceed. THEN the question 
stated, whither Sir Thomas Livingstoun had reason to give such 
orders, as were contained in these letters or not, it caried in 
the affirmative nemine contradicente. COLLONELL Hill and 
Lievetennent Collonell Hamilton ordered to attend the next 
Ssierunt of Parliament." 

July 2, 1695. "THEN the Parliament proceeded in the 
further inquiry of the Slaughter of the Glencoe men as to these 
who gave the orders, and were the Actors of it, and the Master 
of Stairs Letters* directed to Collonel Hill, with Lievetennent 
Collonell Hamiltons deposition, and Collonell Hills order* to 
Lievetennent Collonel Hamilton, read, and Collonel Hill called 
and compearing, his oath taken before the Commission was 
again read, and it being moved that the Collonell may give his 
oath, and depone upon what further Interrogator[ie]s any of 
the Members of Parliament shall ba pleased to put to him, and 
he having accordingly deponed on several Interrogators proponed 
by several of the Members of Parliament, and signed the same, 
his Deposition was read, and then the vote being put, if from 
what was laid before the House, Collonell Hill was clear and 
free of the Slaughter of the Glencoe men or not, it caried in 
the affirmative nemine contradicente WARRAND granted to 
cite Lievetennent Collonell Hamilton against the next Sederunt 
of Parliament." 

July 8, 1695. "LIEVETENNENT Collonell Hamilton being 

* These letters and orders are in Black-wood's Magazine for July, 1859. 



1695 GLENCOE. 139 

Cited to appear this day and he being called, and not Compearing, 
Certification was granted against him, and he ordered to be 
denounced apprehended and secured in the terms of the former 
order. THE Parliament having resumed the inquiry into the 
Slaughter of the Glencoemen and who were the Actors . . . 
voted, if from what appears to the Parliament Lievetennent 
Collonell Hamilton be clear of the murder of the Glencoemen, 
and whither there be ground to prosecut him for the same, or 
not, and caryed he was not clear, and that there was ground 
to prosecut him. THEN the Question stated and voted as to 
Major Duncanson at present in Flanders ; if the King should be 
addressed either to cause him be examined there, about the 
orders he receaved, and his knowledge about that matter, or 
that he be ordered home to be prosecut therefore, as his Majesty 
shall think fitt, or not; and carried in the affirmative. THEN 
that part of the Report of the Commission as to Glenlyon Captain 
Drummond, Lievetenent or Adjutant Lindsay, Ensign Lundie, 
and Serjant Barber, read with the Depositions of the witnesses 
against them And the Question stated and voted, If it appeared 
that the saids persons were the Actors of the Slaughter of the 
Glencoemen under trust [i. e., that the slaughter was an act 
of treachery] And that his Majesty be addressed to send them 
home to be prosecute for the same according to Law or not, and 
carryed in the affirmative. THERAFTER voted if it should be 
remitted to the Committee for Security of the Kingdom to 
draw this Address, or a new Committee elected for drawing 
therof, and carryed Remitt. REPORT from the Committee for 
Security of the Kingdom in flavors of the Glencoemen read, and 
remitted to the said Committee, That there be a particular 
Recommendation of the Petitioners case to his Majesty brought 
in by the said Committee." 

"AT EDINBURGH the Eight day of July One thousand Six 
hundred and nynty five years Anent the Petition presented to 
his Majesties high Commissioner and the Estates of Parliament 
by John McDonald of Glencoe for himself and in name of Alex- 
ander McDonald of Achatriechatan and the poor remnant left 
of that Family Shewing that it being then evident to the con- 
viction of the Nation how inhumanely as well as unchristianly 
the deceast Alexr McDonald of Glencoe the deceast John Me- 



140 MACIANS 0# 1695 

Donald of Achatriechatan and too many more of the Petitioners 
unfortunate family were murdered and butchered in ffebruary 
One thousand Six hundred and nynty two against the Lawes 
of nature and Nations, the Lawes of hospitality and the publick 
faith by a band of men quartered amongst them and pretending 
peace tho they perpetrated the grossest cruelty under the colour 
of his Majesties Authority And seeing the Evidence taken by 
the Right honorable the Lords and other Members of the Com- 
mission which his Majesty was most graciously pleased to grant 
for inquiring into that affair hath cleared to the Parliament 
that after committing of the forsaid Massacre the poor petitioners 
were most ravenously plundered of all that was necessary for 
the sustentation of their Lives and besides all their Cloaths 
money houses and plenishing all burned destroyed or taken 
away That the Souldiers did drive no fewer than five hundred 
horses fforteen or fifteen hundred Cowes and many more Sheep 
and goats And that it was a proper occasion for his Majesty and 
the Estates assembled in Parliament to give a full Vindication 
of their Justice and freeing the publick from the least imputa- 
tion which may be cast thereon by fforeign Enemies on the 
account of so unexampled an action And that it is worthy of 
that honour and Justice which his Majesty and the saids Estates 
have been pleased to show to the world with relation to that affair 
to relieve the necessity of the poor petitioners and to save them 
and their exposed widows and Orphans from starving and all the 
misery of the extremest poverty to which they were inevitably 
lyable unless his Majesty and the saids Estates provide them a: 
remeady And therefore most humbly Begging That his Grace 
and the saids Estates wold from the principles of commiseration 
to their petitioners sad circumstances as well as that of honour 
and Justice ordain such relieff and redress to the Petitioners as 
in their wisdom should be found most fitt Which Petition being 
upon the twenty Sixth day of June now last bypast heard by his 
Majesties high Commissioner and the saids Estates They 
Remitted to the Committee for Security of the Nation to Consider 
the same and to report And which petition being upon the second 
day of July instant heard and Considered by the said Committee 
They were of opinion that the Petitioners should be recommended 
to his Majesties special favor for their reparation According to 



1 695 



GLENCOE. 



141 




BRIDGE OF THE THREE WATERS, GLENCOE. 




BUCHAEL ETIVE, FROM KING'S HOUSE, GLENCOE. 



142 MACIANS OF 1695 

which Report his Majesties high Commissioner & the saids 
Estates having upon the day and date of thir presents heard and 
Considered the same They Remitted to the forsaid Committe'e 
to make a particular Recommendation of the Petitioners case 
to his Majesty in the Address to be drawn by them in relation 
to tha> affair." [And which address follows]. 
July X, M, DC, XCV. 
PRAYERS said Rolls called 
MINUTS of the last Sederunt read 

WE your Majesties most loyall and dutyfull Subjects The 
Noblemen Barrens and Burrowes assembled in Parliament Do 
humbly represent to your Majesty That in the beginning of 
this Session Wee thought it our duty for the more solemn and 
publick vindication of the honour and justice of the Government 
to inquire into the barbarous slaughter committed in Glencoe 
in ffebruary One thousand Six hundred and nynty two which 
hath made so much noise both in this Kingdom and your Majes- 
ties other Dominions Bot wee being informed by your Majesties 
Commissioner that wee were prevented in this matter by a Com- 
mission under the great Seal for the same purpose Wee did 
upon the reading of the said Commission unanimously acquiesce 
to your Majesties pleasure, and returned our humble acknowl- 
edgements for your Royal care in granting the same And Wee 
only desired that the discoveries to be made should be Commu- 
nicated to us to the end that wee might add our zeal to your 
Majesties for prosecuting such discoveries and that in so national 
a Concern the Vindication might be alse publick as the reproach 
and scandal had been And principally that wee for whom it 
was most proper, might testify to the world how clear your 
Majesties Justice is in all this matter 

AND now your Majesties Commissioner having upon our 
repeated instances communicated to us a Copy of the Report 
transmitted by the Commission to your Majesty with your 
Majesties Instructions, the Master of Stairs Letters, the orders 
givefi by the Officers and the depositions of the witnesses relating 
to that Report and the same being read and compared Wee 
could not bot unanimously Declare that your Majesties Instruc- 
tions of the eleventh and Sixteent* dayes of January One thousand 

* Those of the i6th January are in Black-wood's Magazine, July, 1859. 



1695 GLENCOE. H3 

Six hundred and nynty two touching the highlanders who had 
not accepted in due time of the benefit of the Indemnity did 
contain an Warrand for mercy to all without exception, who 
should offer to take the oath of alleagiance, and come in upon 
mercy tho first of January One thousand Six hundred and nyntie 
two prefixed by the Proclamation of Indemnity was past And 
that these instructions contain no Warrand for the Execution 
of the Glencoe men made in February thereafter And here wee 
can not bot acknowledge your Majesties Clemency upon this 
occasion alse well as in the whole tract of your Government over 
us For had your Majesty without new offers of mercy given 
positive orders for the Executing the Law upon the Highlanders 
that had already despised your repeated Indemnities they had 
but met with what they justly deserved 

Box it being your Majesties mind according to your usual 
Clemency still to offer them mercy and the killing of the Glencoe 
men being upon that account unwarrantable alse well as the 
manner of doing it being barbarous and inhumane wee proceeded 
to vote the killing of them a murder and to inquire who had 
given occasion to it, or were the actors in it. 

WE found in the first place that the Master of Stairs Letters 
had exceeded your Majesties Instructions towards the killing 
and destruction of the Glencoe men This appeared by the com- 
paring of the Instructions and Letters wherof the just attested 
Duplicats are herewith transmitted In which Letters the Glencoe 
men are over and over again distinguished from the rest of the 
Highlanders not as the fittest Subject of Severity in case they 
continued obstinat and made severity necessary according to 
the meaning of the Instructions bot as men absolutely and 
positively ordered to be destroyed without any further Consider- 
tion than that of their not having taken the Indemnity in due 
time and ther not having taken it, is valued as a happy incident 
since it afforded an opportunity to destroy them And the destroy- 
ing of them is urged with a great deal of zeal as a thing acceptable 
and of publick use And this zeal is extended even to the giving 
of directions about the manner of cutting them off, from all 
which it is plain that tho the Instructions be for mercy to all 
that will Submitt tho the day of Indemnity was elapsed yet 
the Letters do exclude the Glencoe men from this mercy. 



144 MACIANS OF 1695 

IN the next place Wee examined the orders given by Sir Thomas 
Livingstoun in this matter and were unanimously of opinion 
that he had reason to give such orders for the cutting off of the 
Glencoe men upon the supposition that they had rejected the 
Indemnity and without making them new offers of mercy being 
a thing in itselfe lawfull and which your Majesty might have 
ordered And it appearing that Sir Thomas was then ignorant 
of the peculiar circumstances of the Glencoe men he might very 
well understand your Majesties Instructions in the restricted 
sense which the Master of Stairs Letters had given them or 
understand the Master of Stairs Letters to be your Majesties 
additional pleasure And it is evident he did by the orders which 
he gave where any addition that is to be found in them to your 
Majesties Instructions is given not only in the Master of Stairs 
sense bot in his words. 

WE proceeded to examine Collonell Hills part of the business 
and were unanimous that he was clear and free of the slaughter 
of the Glencoe men for tho your Majesties Instructions and the 
Master of Stairs Letters were sent straight from London to 
him alse well as to Sir Thomas Livingstoun yet he knowing 
the peculiar circumstances of the Glencoe men shunned to execut 
them and gave no orders in the matter till such time as knowing 
that his Lievtennent Collonell had receaved orders to take with 
him four hundred men of his Garison and Regiment for the 
Expedition against Glencoe He to save his own honour and 
authority gave a general order to Hamilton his Lievetennent 
Collonel to take the four hundred men and to put to due execu- 
tion the orders which others had given him. 

LIEVETENNENT Collonel Hamiltons part came next to be 
considered and he being required to be present and called and 
not appearing Wee ordered him to be denounced and to be 
seised on wherever he could be found And having Considered 
the orders that he receaved, & orders he said before the Com- 
mission he gave, and his share in the Execution Wee agreed 
that from what appeared, he was not clear of the murder of 
the Glencoe men And that there was ground to prosecut him 
for it. 

MAJOR Duncanson who receaved orders from Hamilton being 
in Flanders alse well as those to whom he gave orders Wee could 



1695 GLENCOE. 145 

not see these orders And therefore Wee only resolved about 
him that Wee should address to your Majesty either to cause 
him be examined there in Flanders about the orders he receaved 
and his knowledge of that affair or to order him home to be 
prosecuted therefore, as your Majesty shall think fitt. 

IN the last place the Depositions of the witnesses being clear 
as to the share which Captain Campbell of Glenlyon, Captain 
Drummond Livetennent Lindsay Ensign Lundy and Serjant 
Barber had in the Execution of the Glencoe men upon whom 
they were quartered Wee agreed that it appeared that the saids 
persons were the actors in the Slaughter of the Glencoe men 
under trust And that wee should address your Majesty to send 
them home to be prosecuted for the same according to Law 

THIS being the State of that whole matter as it lyes before 
us and which together with the Report transmitted to your 
Majesty by the Commission (and which we saw verifyed) gives 
full light to it Wee humbly beg that considering that the Master 
of Stairs excess in his Letters against the Glencoe men has been 
the Original cause of this unhappy business and hath given occa- 
sion in a great measure to so extraordinary an Execution by 
the warm directions he gives about doing it by way of Surprize 
And considering the high Station and Trust he is in and that 
he is absent Wee do therefore beg that your Majesty will give 
such orders about him for vindication of your Government as 
yow in your Royal wisdom shall think fitt 

AND likewayes considering that the Actors have barbarously 
killed men under trust Wee humbly desire your Majesty wold 
be pleased to send the Actors home, and to give orders to your 
Advocat to prosecut them according to Law there remaining 
nothing else to be done for the full vindication of your Govern- 
ment of so foull and scandalous an aspersion as it has lyen under 
upon this occasion 

WE shall only add that the remains of the Glencoe men who 
escaped the Slaughter being reduced to great poverty by the 
depredation and vastation that was then committed upon them 
And having ever since lived peaceably under your Majesties 
protection Have now applyed to us that wee might interceed 
with your Majesty that some reparation may be made them 
for their Losses Wee do humbly lay their case before your Majesty 



146 MACIA^NS OF 1695 

as worthy of your Royal Charity and Compassion that such 
orders may be given for Supplying them in their necessities as 
your Majesty shall think fitt. 

AND this the most humble Address of the Estates of Parlia- 
ment is by order and their Warrand and in their name Subscribed 
by 

May it please your Majesty 

Your Majesties most humble most obedient 
and most ffaithfull Subject and servant 
sic subscribitur ANNANDALE President]. 

I. P. D.* Parl: 

Which Address was upon the tenth day of the Moneth of July 
One thousand Six hundred and nynty five voted and approven 

in Parliament. 

RECOMMENDED to his Majesties Commissioner to transmitt to 
the King the said Address, with Duplicats of the Kings Instruc- 
tions, and of the Master of Stairs Letters. MOVED That his 
Majesties Commissioner have the thanks of the Parliament for 
laying the Discovery made of the matter of Glencoe before 
them; As likewise, the Commission for their carefull procedure 
therein, Which being put to the vote, approve or not, carried 
in the affirmative nemine contradicente Which his majesties 
Commissioner accepted of." 

There is reason to believe that the redress sought in the peti- 
tion above mentioned was in due time afforded. Pending the 
royal pleasure in this respect, protection was given and renewed 
to save from caption and other legal executions for civil debts 
the following heads of the community of Glencoe : John Mac- 
donald, the chief; Alexander Macdonald, his brother; Alexander 
Macdonald of Achtriachtan ; Alexander Macdonald of Dalness ; 
Ranald Macdonald in Lechentuim, Ranald Macdonald of Inveri- 
gan, Alexander Macdonald in Braikled, and Angus Macdonald 
in Strone. It is pleasant to read that as soon as news of the 
Glencoe necessities reached the distant Isle of Monach, beyond 
Uist, Alexander Macdonald of Griminish (Alastair Ban Maclain 
Ic Uisdein), tacksman there, filled his birlinn with meal, and 
brought it through stormy seas to the relief of Clanian. (Clan 
Donald, II., 221, 222). 

* In prsesentia Dominorum (in the presence of the Lords of Parliament). 



1692 



GLENCOE 




MACDONALD OF GLENCOE. 

Escaped from Massacre in 1692. 

(Clan Donald, II., 219). 

It may seem strangely careless to us, that the book Historical 
Notes refers to Tindal I., 284, for "Maclean [sic] of Glencoe," 
but a writer in English Notes and Queries for 1887, vol. II., 
gives another instance of the same error in Popish Families of 
Scotland, "Makeans is erroneously printed Mackleans;" and 
the Registrum Secreti Sigilli has been quoted: "John Makclane 
of Ardnamurchane, " though the original appears to be : J. Makeane 
of Ardnamurquhan. 



148 



MACJANS OF 



1695-1714 



On June 22nd, 1695, we find that Alexander McDonald, brother 
german to John McDonald of Glencoe, younger son of the chief 
killed in the massacre, and who had married the niece of Captain 
Robert Campbell of Glenlyon is named as one of the cautioners 
on the bond of the immortal Rob Roy. (Clan Gregor, subse- 
quent to p. 156). 

Though out of place in one respect, it may be mentioned 
here that in Burke's Landed Gentry, Article, Stewart of Ballechin, 
we read that in 1700, John Stewart, 4th of Ardsheal, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Stewart, 8th of Ballechin in 
Athole, and had Isabel, married to Alexander Macdonald of 
Glencoe. (Stewarts of Appin, 134). This Alexander Macdonald 




was the grandson of the chief murdered at Glencoe. (Scott's 
Tales of a Grandfather, Chap. LXXXVL). 

"The son of the murdered chief escaped the Massacre, and 
succeeding his father in the chiefship reorganized the broken 
clan. It was he who changed the religion of the clan. Like 
most divisions of Clan Donald, the Glencoe Macdonalds had 
been Roman Catholics, but some time in the reign of Anne 
[1702-14] they became 'Episcopalians.' There is a story told 
of Glencoe, which is found also in other places in the Highlands, 
to the effect that the chief, having quarrelled with the local 
priest, commanded his whole clan to change their creed; and 
that on a certain Sunday morning he stood at the cross-rcads, 
armed with a yellow stick (or, as some say, a gold-headed cane), 



ry 15 GLENCOE. 149 

and very forcibly pointed the way to the Protestant church as 
the way in which the clansmen should walk. Hence it happened 
that Protestantism became known to them as ... the Religion 
of the yellow stick." 

"To this day, [1903] at Glencoe, Invercoe, and Ballachulish, 
there are large flourishing congregations of Gaelic-speaking Epis- 
copalians . . . " (Jenner's Memoirs of the Lord Viscount Dun- 
dee, Ivii, Iviii). 

XIV. ALEXANDER. He must have succeeded shortly before 

1714, as that is the time given for the death of his father John. 
Among the 102 "chief Heritors and Heads of Clans in the 

Highlands" who signed an address to George I. on his accession 
to the throne in 1714, was "A. M' Donald of Glenco." By 
court intrigue this was prevented from being delivered to the 
King. (Clanronald Family, Appendix, xvii.). The non-delivery 
of this address to His Majesty, and the non-recognition of the 
signatories was the direct cause of the rebellion of 1715. (Clan 
Donald, II., 222). 

The laird of Glenco attended the famous hunting party of 
the Earl of Mar on the Braes of Mar, August 27th, 1715. (Stewarts 
of Appin, 122). The party was assembled ostensibly to hunt 
ordinary game, but in reality to foment another rebellion. 

In spite of the death of Dundee, the incompetence of his 
successor, the liberal offers of the English Government and the 
disarming of the clans, (in which Glencoe and the other chiefs 
surrendered the worst arms and secreted the best), the Camerons, 
Macdonalds, Macleans and some others held out. In August, 

1715, the Keppoch and Glengarry Macdonalds captured some 
English infantry at the end of Loch Oich; in September they 
attempted to surprise the garrison at Inverlochy ; with a number 
of Camerons and others they assisted in taking possession of 
Dunkeld, Perth and Edinburgh. In this campaign the revival 
of an Irish song gave Scotland the well known air: "The Camp- 
bells are Coming." 

On the march from Auchterador to Sheriffmuir a chosen body 
of Highland troops, including the Macdonalds under Clanranald, 
Glengarry, Sir Donald Mac Donald, Keppoch and Glencoe, 
formed the vanguard under General Gordon. (Scott's Tales of 
a Grandfather, Chap. L,XX.). 



1 50 MACIANS Otf 1715-45 

The Clanian fought at the plain of Sheriff muir, near Dumblane, 
where the Scotch army under the Karl of Mar, was attacked 
by the royal troops under the Duke of Argyll, November 13, 
1715; the result being called a drawn battle. 

Most of those who were "out" with Mar in 1715 received a 
pardon under the Privy Seal, January 4, 1727, and engrossed 
in a highly ornamental style, in the following terms: "Pardona- 
mus, remittimus, relaxamus, pranfato, Robert Stewart de Appin, 
Alexander Macdonald de Glenco, John Grant, Domino, Anglice 
Laird, de Glenmorriston, Joanno Mackinnon, Anglice Laird de 
Mackinnon, Roderick Chisholm de] Strathglass, etc." (History 
of the Chisholm ^, 64). 

Undismayed by the ill success of the prior Jacobite movements, 
Prince Charles set sail for Scotland in the Doutelle, 18 guns, and 
landed in July, 1745. (Johnston's Geography of the Clans). 
McDonald of Glenco was among the chiefs who on July 24th 
concerted measures with Prince Charles on board that vessel. 
McDonald of Lochgarie led 600 men including those of Knoidart, 
Glenco, Glenmorriston and his own immediate following the 
McDonalds of Glengary, and met the Prince at Obertaive in 
Glengarie. (The Last Jacobite Rising, 32, 44, etc.). On his 
march to Dunblane the Prince was joined by Glencoe with 60 
of his men and by James Drummond or MacGregor of Glengyle 
at the head of 255 Macgregors; 60 of the Glencoe Macdonalds 
had previously joined Charles Edward at Perth. (History of 
the Highlanders and Clans, II., 49). The chief was a member 
of the prince's council of war which met daily at Holyrood during 
the occupation of Edinburgh. On the march to Kelso the 
troops advanced in two columns ; the first under the command 
of the Chevalier included the Macdonalds of Glencoe. (Last 
Jacobite Rising, 77, 81, etc., Tales of a Grandfather, Chap. LXXIX). 

"At Preston-pans or Gladsmuir, September 21, 1745, the 
MacDonald regiments of Clanranald, Keppoch, Glengarry and 
Glencoe formed the right wing, with Glencoe in the post of honor 
on the extreme right. All did their part in putting to flight 
the British veterans of Sir John Cope's army, with a loss to the 
latter of 500 men." The clan were posted on the right of the 
front line according to an official account published by Charles 
in the Caledonian Mercury. (Browne, III., 79). They were in 



1745 GLENCOE. 151 

the front line according to Scott, and the text of Johnston, although 
the map in the latter work placed them in the second line. They 
were under the command of their chief Alexander Macdonald. 
(Appin, 134). The clan was organized as a regiment. In the 
clan regiments every company had two captains, two lieutenants 
and two ensigns. The front rank was composed of gentlemen 
[clansmen who could trace their descent from a chief], all with 
targets when fully armed, as was generally the case; every 
gentleman carried a musket and broadsword, with a pair of 
pistols and a dirk in his belt; the target was generally of wood 
and leather thickly studded with nails. (Browne, III., 123). 

This organization does not agree exactly with the following 
account, though the British Chronologist bears testimony to the 
sturdy support by the Glencoe and other MacDonalds in "The 
Forty-Five," of what they considered their allegiance. 

In November, 1745, "A list of the Pretender's officers and 
troops contains among other names which we have met with 
in the foregoing Notes : 

The Clanronald regiment, Colonel Clanronald of Clanronald, 
jun. . . . 200 Men. 

The Keppoch regiment, Colonel Macdonald of Keppoch . . . 
400 Men. 

The Glenco regiment, Colonel Macdonald of Glenco . . , 
200 Men. 

The Glengeary regiment, Colonel Macdonald, of Glengeary, 
jun. . . . 300 Men. 

The leaders are spoken of as "Colonels" because, although 
their commands were only of battalion size, it was probably 
thought more expedient to consider each clan as a regiment than 
to arouse jealousy by consolidating them into one organization. 

Mackenzie, in the part of his History of the Macdonalds touch- 
ing upon those of Glencoe, quotes General Stewart of Garth, 
(Sketch of the Highlanders], who "Relates how in one instanec 
the force of principle, founded on a sense of honour, and its 
consequent influence, was exhibited in the case of this persecuted 
tribe in 1745; when the army of ^Prince Charles lay at Kirkliston, 
near the seat of the Karl of Stair, whose grandfather, when 
Secretary of State for Scotland in 1692, had transmitted to 
Campbell of Glenlyon the orders of King William for the mas- 



152 MACIANS Otf 1745-6 

sacre of all the Glencoe men. MacDonald, the immediate descen- 
dant of the unfortunate gentleman who, with nearly all his 
family, fell a sacrifice to the horrid massacre, was at the time, 
with his followers, in West Lothian. Prince Charles, anxious 
to save the house of Lord Stair, and to remove from his followers 
all incitement to revenge, but at the same time not comprehending 
the true character of the MacDonalds of Glencoe, ordered that 
they should be marched to a distance from Stairs' house and 
park, lest the remembrance of the share which his grandfather 
had in the war for extirpation of the clan should then excite 
among them a spirit of revenge. When the proposed order was 
communicated to the MacDonalds, they declared that in that 
case they must return home; for, they said, 'if they were con- 
sidered so dishonourable as to take revenge on an innocent man 
for the conduct of his ancestor, they were not fit to remain with 
honourable men, nor to support an honourable cause:' and it 
was not without much explanation and great persuasion that 
they were prevented from marching away next morning. Such 
was the character of the massacred MacDonalds of Glencoe and 
their descendants." 

The battle of Culloden was fought April 1 6, 1 746, and showed 
the disastrous effects of clan jealousy. It is claimed that tte 
victory of the English over the Scots in this battle was due to 
the defection of the MacDonalds, and that the defection was 
due to their having been slighted in the posting of the Young 
Pretender's troops. Since the battle of Bannockburn the Mac- 
Donalds were always, except when they yielded from courtesy, 
(as to the Macleans at Harlaw) placed on the right wing of an 
army in recognition of their services to Bruce. But at Culloden, 
Prince Charles' Adjutant, Sullivan, neglected to post them in 
their hereditary place; the MacDonald commanders waived their 
pretensions, but their followers were dissatisfied, and when the 
time of conflict came, left the field with pipes playing and colors 
flying, although their chiefs endeavored to persuade them to 
remain, and one of them, Keppoch, fell while trying to urge 
them against the enemy. 

The foregoing is one account; but as to the Clanian there are 
three possibilities: first, that it withdrew prior to the battle as 
a result of the dissension arising from the accidental shooting 



1746 



153 



of one Macdonald by another; second, that the clan participated 
in the sullen refusal of the majority of the Macdonalds to advance 
upon being refused their traditional post on the right of the 
line, or third, that they were among those who followed Keppoch 
in his charge on the English forces, and Clan Donald, II., 222, 
223, states not only that Clanian fought at Culloden, but that 
Donald, the descendant of Ranald of the Shield was able to 
lead 130 men. 

At all events their part in the general uprising was sufficiently 
prominent; for their chief was among those expressly excepted 
from the general amnesty of 1747. 




CULLODEN MONUMENT. 

Strange infatuation for the Stewarts and for "Bonnie Charlie," 
even after the latter had fled to France. Doubtless thousands 
in Scotland were still moved by the sentiment voiced in the 
simple, pathetic couplet of a well-known song: 

"Mony a heart will br'ak in twa, 
Gi'n ye no coirie back again." 

According to the British Chronologist, a bill of attainder in 
1746 includes, among other Scottish names and titles: James 
Graham, called viscount of Dundee; Donald MacDonald the 
younger, of Clanronald; Donald MacDonald, of Lochgarie; 



154 MACIANS otf 1747-51 

Alexander MacDonald, of Keppoch; Archibald MacDonald, of 
Barrisdale, and Alexander MacDonald of Glencoe. And in 1747, 
most of the above are mentioned among "Persons excepted by 
name out of the King's general pardon." 

As Mackenzie relates, (History of the Camerons, 238), it was 
in 1746 that the Duke of Cumberland, backed by a servile parlia- 
ment, sent out detachments of English soldiers, with orders to 
burn the seats of Lochiel, Glengarry, Keppoch and others. 
"The excesses committed on helpless men, women and children, 
are universally admitted to be unparalleled in history . . . 
It would have been literally possible to travel for days through 
the depopulated glens without seeing a chimney smoke or hearing 
a cock crow." 

After the events of 1745 had consigned the Stewart prospects 
to the limbo of lost and hopeless causes we find scions of the 
Glencoe family in the service of the reigning monarchs. (Clan 
Donald, II., 223). 

Alexander Macdonald of Glencoe left issue i. John, his 
successor. 2. Donald, who was born in 1738, and died in 1821. 
He married Flora, daughter of Donald Maclean of Kilmollaig, 
Tiree, and had by her (a) Major-General Alexander Macdonald 
of the Royal Artillery, C. B., K. St. A.; (6) Captain Macdonald. 
(Clan Donald, III., 643). 

XV. JOHN, who 1751 had the forfeited estate restored. [The 
estate of his father Alexander was forfeited for the Rebellion 
of 1715]. By charter dated 29th July, 1751, Robert Stewart of 
Appin, heritable superior of Glenco to whom the Duke of 
Argyll had given the superiority forfeited by his father, John 
Stewart disponed to John the two merklands of Polvig and 
the two merklands of Carnick with the Glen of Lecknamoy. 
(Clan Donald, III., 215). 

The notorious Alan Breck, immortalized by Robert Louis 
Stevenson, stopped at Carnoch, then the home of Macdonald of 
Glencoe, and informed the chieftain's mother of the death of 
Campbell of Glenure, as he started to escape from the scene of 
the murder. Andrew Lang in an article "Who shot Glenure? " 
(Mac Afillan's Magazine, 1879, P- T 3 6 ), says that May 15, 1752, 
the home of Macdonald of Glencoe was Carnoch on the south 
side of Loch Leven, exactly opposite Callart, and three miles 



3 GLENCOE. 155 

from Ballachulish and Ballachulish Ferry by which men cross 
into Lochaber. He also states that Macdonald's mother had a 
brief interview with Allen Breck shortly after the murder, and 
that she was Ardishiel's sister. (See also Introduction to Scott's 
Rob Roy). The relationship mentioned indicates that the chief 
at that time was a son of XIV., Alexander, and that the latter 
was now dead. 

"That the sins of the fathers are visited upon the children is 
a firm belief in the minds of Highlanders. The 'curse of Glencoe ' 
it is pointed out, was visited upon the house of Campbell of 
Glenlyon, which has now no representative in the direct male 
line, the family having merged in that of Garden-Campbell. 
Campbell of Glenlyon, grandson of the perpetrator of the mas- 
sacre of Glencoe, firmly believed this. He was an officer in the 
British army and in 1771 was stationed at Havannah. Here a 
marine was sentenced by court-martial to be shot, but was 
reprieved. Notice of the reprieve was not given to the con- 
demned man, and it was arranged by the authorities that all 
the formalities of a military execution be proceeded with. The 
signal for firing was to be given by Glenlyon producing a hand- 
kerchief from his pocket, but instead of this he was to show 
the pardon. By an unfortunate accident Glenlyon showed the 
handkerchief instead of the pardon and the man was executed. 
Campbell was overcome with horror, exclaiming: 'The curse of 
God and Glencoe is upon me! I am an unfortunate ruined 
man.' The disaster so preyed upon his mind that he resigned 
from the service." (Adapted from Tales of a Grandfather, Chap, 
LVIII.).* 

We insert here a letter dated about the time we have reached, 
and containing some touches of nature. Letter XI., May 17, 
1773. After writing of "the young ladies of Glencoe," the 
writer proceeds: "But, first, that you may estimate duly the 
renown of this little glen, I must tell you what a tuneful and 
warlike tribe inhabited it. The tribe of Macdonalds, called 
Maclans, or sons of John, who dwelt in this sequestered spot, 
were all, as the country people say, born poets; and this belief 

* It was also a widely spread belief that the madness and murder depicted 
in The Bride of Lammermoor, and founded upon an incident in the history 
of the Stair family, was a retribution of fate. 



156 MACIANS OF 1773-79 

was so well established,' that, if a Maclan could not rhyme, his 
legitimacy was called in question. This is not only very strange, 
but very true ; but I think we may credit it, on the principle 
of the old bye-word, 'Bode a gown of gowd and ye '11 aye get 
the sleeve of it.' "... The writer philosophizes at great 
length, alludes to the natural strength of the glen, the friendliness 
of the clan towards the Stuarts their neighbors, and describes 
the massacre. . . . "The present Laird, grandfather to my 
young friends, was an infant two years old, and was carried off 
to the hills by his nurse, unobserved. The only other male in 
the chief's house who escaped was the bard. . . . Next day 

. . The bard sat alone upon a rock, and, looking down, com- 
posed a long dismal song, . . . They say it has not much 
poetical merit. No wonder 'Small heart had he to sing.' ' 
(Letters from the Mountains, by Mrs. Annie Grant [of Liggan]). 

The last time the old clan spirit was evoked was when Mac- 
donald's Highlanders, the 76th Regiment, was organized. It 
was authorized in 1777 and organized in 1778, through the 
influence of Macdonald of Sleat. With the exception of one 
Irish and two Lowland companies, the 76th was largely recruited 
from the Macdonalds of Sleat and Glencoe. It was officered 
from various families, including the Macdonalds of Glencoe 
. . . The 76th sailed to New York and landed in August, 1779. 
Here the flank companies [light infantry and grenadiers?] were 
attached to batallions of that description and remained between 
New York and Staten Island until February, 1781, when they 
embarked under Major General Phillips for Virginia, the light 
company being in the 2nd batallion of light infantry ; the grena- 
diers remained at New York. The regiment landed at Ports- 
mouth, Virginia, in March, 1781, and joined the troops under 
Brigadier General Arnold [the renegade?]. In May they formed 
a junction with the army under Lord Cornwallis. July ' 6th 
La Fayette forced the pickets in front of Yorktown and drew 
up in front of the British line. He was resisted by the 76th 
and 8oth regiments, which formed Colonel Dundas's brigade; 
the Both were covered by woods, but the 76th were exposed in 
an open field. The 76th joined in the charge that routed La 
Fayette, who lost his cannon and 300 men killed and wounded. 
Soon afterwards 400 chosen men of the 76th, the majority of 



1781-1837 GLENCOE. 157 

whom had never before been on horseback, were detailed as 
mounted infantry and attached to Tarleton's Legion. Upon 
the surrender at Yorktown, when the British bands played 
'The World Turned Upside Down,' the regiment was broken 
up into detachments, and marched as prisoners into different 
parts of Virginia. At the close of the war they embarked for 
New York, whence they sailed for Scotland, where they were 
disbanded in March, 1784, at Stirling Castle. (Adapted from 
Stewart, II., 116; Browne, IV., 297; Canadian Magazine, VII. 

259)- 

"John Macian of Glenco had an only son, Alexander, to whom 
he left a General Disposition of his Estates in 1785." (Clan 
Donald, III., 215). 

XVI. "ALEXANDER, who married Mary Cameron, and had 
three sons, Ewen and two others, whose names we have not 
been able to ascertain." (Clan Donald, III., 215). [The Ad- 
denda, 643, states: He married Mary, third daughter of Sir 
Ewen Cameron, Bart, of Fassifern, and had by her i. Ewen, 
his successor. 2. Ranald, a Captain in the Army, who married 
a Miss Thomson, and had a son, Alexander, and a daughter. 
3. John. 4. Jane Cameron, who, in 1817, married Captain Coll 
MacDougall, of the 42nd Regiment]. 

At Martinmas of 1787, Alexander MacDonald of Glencoe was 
paying ,120 rent to Ewen Cameron of Fassiefern, for Corpach, 
one of the estates of Lochiel. (History of the Camerons, 458). 

Alexander made a Trust Disposition of his Estate in 1814 
in favour of Trustees [he died igth December, 1814] and Sasine 
was taken of the same in 1816. In 1817 a Deed of corroboration 
of the previous procedure was executed by his successor. (Clan 
Donald, III., 215). 

XVII. EWEN Macdonald of Glenco. He was born iith 
July, 1788, and succeeded his father about December, 1814. 
He was a distinguished physician in the East India Company 
Service, and it would appear that the affairs of the family became 
more prosperous when, in 1828, the Trustees conveyed back to 
him the patrimony of his house. In 1837 Ewen entailed the 
estate on himself and male heirs; failing whom, heirs female; 
failing whom, to his daughter Ellen Caroline Macpherson Mac- 
donald, whose mother was the daughter of an Indian Maharaja. 



158 MACIANS OF 1840-94 

Ewen died i9th August, 1840. (Clan Donald, III., 215, 216, 
644). 

In 1856 the historical painter Robert Ronald M'lan, died; 
he was born in 1803. He was descended from the old M'lans 
or Macdonalds of Glencoe, Argyllshire. Amongst other subjects 
he painted "The Battle of Culloden," in 1843. In 1845 his 
illustrations of Highland costumes were published in "The Clans 
of the Scottish Highlands." (Logan's). He was elected an 
associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1852, in recognition 
of the meritorious character of his work. Fanny M'lan, his wife, 
painted "Highlander defending his Family at the Massacre of 
Glencoe," which has been engraved. On the i3th day of Decem- 
ber, 1856, M'lan died at Hampstead. (Dictionary of National 
Biography. Vol. XXV.). 

It has been intimated in Logan's Clans of the Scottish High- 
lands, that Alexander, the nephew of Ewen, and son of Captain 
Ranald MacDonald, succeeded Ewen as chief, but had no property. 
This succession, however, appears to be a mistake, for the writers 
of Clan Donald, in the Addenda to Vol. III., give [not as Chief, 
but we presume, as real head of the House]: 

XVIII. ELLEN Caroline Macpherson Macdonald, who was born 
5th July, 1830. She married Archibald Burns, who afterwards 
assumed the name of Macdonald; and had by him i. Archibald 
Maxwell, who succeeded her. 2. Duncan Cameron. 3. A daughter 
who married Mr. Ballingal. 4. A daughter, who married Mr. 
Cook. 

Ewen having no other heirs of his body, the estate devolved 
upon Mrs. Burns Macdonald, by whom it was disentailed in 
1876, and whose son sold it in 1894 to the Honourable Sir Donald 
Smith. (Clan Donald, III., 216). Mrs. Burns Macdonald died 
March 3rd, 1887 and was succeeded by her son. (Ibid., 644). 

We read that apparently after 1885, "Mr. Douglas Maclean 
(New Zealand) and- of Kensington Garden Terrace, Hyde Park, 
London, has the dirk and powderhorn which belonged to the 
MacDonald of Glencoe who fell in the massacre. They came to 
Mr. Maclean through a relative, the late General MacDonald of 
Invercoe." (Records of Argyll, 288, Note). 

XIX. ARCHIBALD Maxwell, succeeded his mother, Mrs. Mac- 
donald; he died unmarried gth June, 1894, an ^ was succeeded 
by his brother 



1814-94 



GLENCOE- 



159 




r6o MACIANS OF 1849-5 

XX. DUNCAN Cameron Macdonald, a Major in the British 
Army. He married Marie Thayer, only daughter of William 
M'Intyre Cranston, late of Holland Park, London, and has by 
her i. William M'lain. 2. Roy Cameron. 3. Ellen Macpherson. 
(Clan Donald, III., 644). 

The following, gleaned from several English newspapers, gives 
one of the latest public references to the MacDonalds of Glencoe. 
Lord Archibald Campbell some years ago instituted the Inverary 
Pipe Band, consisting of about a dozen bagpipers and drummers; 
they are in the habit of accompanying him to attend the Gaelic 
Mod. an annual musical congress. In 1895 it was announced 
that they would make an excursion through the Pass of Glencoe, 
in September, on their way from Inverary to Oban, to the Mod; 
and straightway certain journalists appear to have seen a chance 
for items, welcome in a dull season. So the "news" was pub- 
lished, and telegraphed across the Atlantic, that the Macdonalds 
of the Glen had sent word to his lordship that if any of the clan 
which had murdered their ancestors attempted a demonstration in 
Glencoe, the fiery cross would be sent around and heads would 
be broken. Next came the "news" that Lord Archibald was 
much annoyed at this threat, for, so far from intending a trium- 
phal march, his object was to make expiation for the past by 
appropriate dirges; but, the road through the Pass being the 
public highway, he and his pipers would go through at all hazard, 
and under police protection if necessary. In due time the 
journalists had written articles in several moods; some seriously 
giving the history of the massacre of 1692; others humorously 
alluding to excursion trains which might bring people to places 
well adapted for seeing the coming fight ; one at least insinuating 
that even in their palmy days the Campbells never dared to 
enter the Glen except by treachery; refusing to believe that a 
Highland gentleman would persevere in outraging the sentiments 
of the Macdonalds ; asserting that there were now no Macdonalds 
or other inhabitants of the Pass, etc., etc. The gth of September 
having come and gone, the public was informed of what actually 
occurred, viz., that the pipers rode for the greater part of the 
way in a large vehicle drawn by horses, but dismounted several 
times to play, and that in Glencoe and wherever else they went, 
the inhabitants, including some Highland cattle, came to hear 



1895-97 



GLENCOE. 



161 



them with many signs of interest. Incidentally it was mentioned 
that the visiting party were welcomed at "Invercoe House, the 
residence of Sir Donald Smith, now proprietor of Glencoe"; 
also at Dalness in a forest about five miles south of the Glen, 
the proprietress of which is "Mrs. Stuart, a descendant of the 
Macdonalds of Glencoe, and an enthusiastic Highland lady." 
One writer stated that the last chief of the Glencoe Macdonalds 
died in 1894, an d in his account continues: "On an elevated spot 
in the village stands an lona Cross, with the inscription 'This 




MACDONALD'S MONUMENT, GLENCOE. 

Cross is reverently erected in memory of Maclan, Chief of the 
Macdonalds of Glencoe, who fell with his people in the massacre 
of the 1 3th Feb., 1692. By his direct descendant Ellen Burns 
Macdonald, of Glencoe, August, 1883.' ' The picture is from 
Lansdale's Scotland, II., 418. 

Of Sir Donald Smith, mentioned in the foregoing paragraphs, 
we were told by newspapers in 1897, (but some of the statements 
have been denied by Sir Donald), that he was a self-made man 
who started life as an errand boy in a village store in Moray shire, 
emigrated at the age of seventeen to Canada, where he entered 
the service of the Hudson Bay Company. He made an enor- 



1 62 MACIANS OF 1903 

mous fortune, was knighted for services in connection with the 
construction of the Canadian Pacific railroad, and purchased 
the estate of Glencoe, where he was building a magnificent country 
seat. But the accounts continue that when he wished to assume 
the title of Lord Glencoe, the whole of Scotland was up in arms 
at the idea of a self-made man and a parvenu adopting for his 
title a name so celebrated in the history of Scotland and the 
annals of the grand old Clan MacDonald. It is presumed that 
this is "Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, of Glencoe in 
the County of Argyle and of Mount Royal in the Province of 
Quebec and Dominion of Canada," who in 1900 raised the Strath- 
cona Horse for service in the South African campaign : a curious 
"whirligig of time." 

"At the present day [1903], the villages of Invercoe and Glencoe 
are largely inhabited by Macdonalds, who claim descent from 
those whom the Campbells . . . strove to exterminate. Large 
numbers of them are employed in the Ballachulish slate quarries." 
(Memoirs of the Lord Viscount Dundee, lix.). 

"Glencoe, though so near a large quarrying village at Ballachu- 
lish, abounds in legend and tradition, running back to Viking 
times, and second-sight is by no means extinct in the glen. In 
the haunted burial isle, there is a curious grave stone, with an 
effigy of a Highlander cutting down a Dragoon." (Highlands 
of Scotland, 162, Note). 

"Clans are no longer what they were. The purposes for which 
they once existed, as tolerated but not as sanctioned societies, 
are not now lawful. To all practical purposes they cannot 
legally act, and they do not legally exist. The law knows them 
not. For peaceful pageantry mention may still be made of 
clans and chiefs of clans; but the Highlands of Scotland, no 
longer oppressed by arbitrary sway, or distracted by feudal 
contentions, are now inhabited by loyal, orderly and peaceful 
subjects of the Crown of Great Britain; and clans are not now 
corporations which law sustains, nor societies which law recognizes 
or acknowledges." (Legal decision as quoted in Skene's Celtic 
Scotland, III., 366). 

After their clan-ties were broken, the Maclans, spelling the 
name in many^ways, and scattered in various parts of the world, 



1906 GU3NCOE. 1 63 

have acted individually, and their acts and names are in more 
accessible publications than some of those quoted in these Notes. 
A few have been set forth in the McKean Genealogies. We have 
lett to other hands their family histories and the pleasant duty 
of showing how faithfully those of them who were born or who 
settled in the United States have served their country in the 
legislature, the army and navy, in literature, or in the humbler 
but necessary walks of life. 



SUCTION IV. OTHER MCKEANS. 




ADAPTED TROM LOGAN & W- lAN 

It was intended to place in this part of the work some historical 
and other notices of McKeans in Europe, not known to be refer- 
able to the Ardnamurchan and Glencoe families. But it was 
concluded that some cadets of those families who retained the 
name Maclain should be mentioned briefly, and a few Glenco- 
men in one of the tables, and also some names which may not 
be really sons of John, but which seem more or less equivalent 
to, though not always spelt, McKean. The word "unidentified" 
would apply to most of the persons, but not to all. A very few 
O'Cahans, O'Kanes, etc., have been included. Americans were 
intended to be dealt with in the book McKean Genealogies, 
published by Mr. Cornelius McKean of Perry, Iowa, in 1902. 

It is doubtful whether the McKeans, like some other families, 
can (?) be traced back to Adam, but those of them who would 
like a very ancient mention of an apparent form of the name, 
apart from the tolerable certainties mentioned in Section I., may 
be amused to know that in the Croniques , . . de la Grant 
Bretagne . . . , by Jehan de Waurin, an eight volume work 
in old French, beginning with the siege of Troy and coming down 
to the i^th century, it is mentioned that "Bructus et sa com- 



1 3th cent. OTHER MCKEANS. 165 

paignie parvindrant en une isle qui a a non Makainie, ou ils 
descendirent pour eulx rafreschir et prendre leurs necessitiz;" 
i. e., Brutus and his company arrived at an island which had 
the name Makainia, where they disembarked to refresh themselves 
and attend to their wants;" "the Paris MS. reads Makaine" 
[and a later volume has it indexed Macania]. This Brutus is 
said to have been the son of Julius, the son of Ascanius, the 
son of ^neas, the son of Anchises, who survived the siege of 
Troy, by a damsel who was the niece of Lavinia, the queen of 
^neas aforesaid. The island was on the southern shore of the 
Mediterranean, near the "royalme d'Aufriques," and probably 
belonged to a people called Macae by Lempriere in his Classical 
Dictionary. The Trojan war may also remind some of our 
readers that Machaon, a celebrated physician and son of ^Escula- 
pius, healed the wounds of the Greeks, and that he was one of 
those concealed in the wooden horse. 

We might pass from an impossible entry in the nth century, 
B. C., to a very plausible one in the 2nd century of our era, but 
that has been given in Section I. 

Rad'[ulphus] and Thomas de Makeni, and "Cecilia mater 
Thomae," met with in 1197 in Buckinghamshire, according to 
Finales Concordia [Bounds of Grants],' were probably not Macs 
at all. 

About 1230, for the exact date does not seem to be given, 
the Calendar of State Papers includes among the pleas and profits 
of the Mint in Ireland : ' ' From Makan, for a false farthing of 
new money, ^ mark." This was evidently not a case of counter- 
feiting, as the old punishment for that crime was "to forfeit 
the hands with which he wrought that false," and later it was 
made high treason; when taken with false money, "true justice 
was thereupon to be done." If Makan's first name was Rory, 
(or Roderick), it was probably a case of official responsibility. 
(See below, 1285). 

The Chartularies, etc., of St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin, state that 
about 1245 Wymarke Helier grants to Donald Makeyn [in another 
entry "Makewe"] certain lands in "Ostmans" Town, Dublin," 
and Wymark and his heirs will guarantee ("warrantizabimus") 
the said land against all men and women ' 'inperpetuum." Donald 
Makeyn seems at first glance undoubtedly of the name and 



1 66 OTHER MCKEANS. 1249-66 

clan: our lains had not yet appeared, much less their sons, but 
what then? There were certainly Johns and possibly lains 
before ours. 

In the Calendar of State Papers, for the date 1249, there is a 
"Mandate ... to cause Raymond Makeyn, citizen of Bor- 
deaux [which city belonged to England for about 300 years], 
... to have 942 marks in which the K. [sic] is bound to him, 
and 20 marks for his expenses." Also, in November of the 
same year, we find in Royal Letters, Henry III., Vol. II., Appendix 
II., No. 8, that The Sheriffs ("Vicecomites") of London are 
charged to apprehend certain persons, including Reymundum 
Ernaldi Makeyn, . . . Ernaldum Makeyn de la Ruchele, and 
their aiders approving treachery (?) "rectatos de proditione" 
and other transgressions against the king in Wasconia, [Gascony, 
one of the English territories in France between the i2th and 
1 5th centuries], . . . unless several evil-doers are produced, 
. . . and the Constable of the Tower of London is commanded 
to receive them and guard them with care "in medio stadio 
Tunis." 

The same series of Papers, "Ireland," mentions Raymond 
again, for in 1257 "The King [Henry III.] permits 2,200 marks, 
residue of a debt for 5,000 marks due to citizens of Bordeaux, 
to be paid to Reymund Makayn and another, in the name of 
the citizens, out of the issues of vacant archbishoprics, bishoprics, 
abbeys and priories in Ireland." Also, on the next day, "A 
grant to Makayn and the other, of 50 marks a year . . . until 
full satisfaction shall be given to certain citizens of Gascony 
for 2,200 marks . . . loan made by them to the K." Also, 
in 1258, Makayn . . . having caused to be conveyed to Drog- 
heda, "for the K.'s Welsh army," 50 hogsheads of wine, which 
the K. does not require, ... his attorney is allowed to sell 
the wine. Finally, in 1266, 95 3/. 5$. \d. were paid to the attorney 
of Reymund Macayn and other citizens of Bordeaux, for the 
K.'s debt to them. [The mention of wine for the army shows 
a custom of olden times, and Dixon in Border Clans quotes 
several accounts: "For - - days the army had no drink but 
water."] 

In the Hundred Rolls the List of the Hundreds or divisions 
of one hundred families or freemen into which English counties 



1272-1400 OTHER MCKEANS. 167 

were separated in Vol. I., reign of Edward I. (after his return 
from the Holy Land, say, about 1272), there is mention of Alanus 
and Paganus Makene at Tunbridge in the Hundred of Wrotham, 
County of Kent. This name may be one of three syllables, and 
the same as the following. In Vol. III. of the same reign Radul- 
phus de Mackene (also written MacKeneya) was a free tenant 
in the County of Oxford, and Willielmus de Mackeneye is men- 
tioned in Berkshire ; but these are perhaps only resemblances. 

In the Calendar of State Papers and the i3th year of Edward 
I., [1285], there is mention of a payment of 25 to Rory Mackan, 
Baron of the Exchequer, "who takes 10 a year." 

In Memoranda de Parliamento, 1305, a certain Donald McCan, 
called in Latin fiz Can and Fiz Kan [Fitz Kan], and in an old 
French copy having the name Campbell struck out and "fuiz 
Caan" [Kane?] above the line, prays the King [Edward I.] to 
grant him .10 for the term of his life, for ten librates of land 
"les queux le dit Dovenald tynt en la Conte de Are . . . si come 
avant est dit" [which the said Donald held in the County of 
Ayr ... as aforesaid]. Donald is called a knight, and appears 
to have gotten the land by charter from John Balliol, "formerly 
King of Scotland." 

1396 "yeiris fra the incarnation" was "the debait" called the 
battle of the North Inch, said to have been fought on the banks 
of the Tay, near the City of Perth, between thirty of the Came- 
rons and thirty Mackintoshes according to some accounts, or 
between the Clankayis and Glenquhattanis according to another, 
or Clan Quhele and Clanchinyha according to a third; and in 
which the single survivor on one side fled, the eleven on the 
other being so near death that they could not pursue him. Our 
reason for mentioning the "debate" is that Scott, in the Fair 
Maid of Perth, has given the name of the "morally brave but 
constitutionally timid" survivor as Eachin Maclan. Impressible 
McKeans may re-assure themselves by reading the preface to 
the book, wherein Sir Walter discloses the fact that they were 
"imaginary persons" in his relation of the "mortal encounter." 

"The Isla branch of the Macdonalds was styled after John, 
second son of John, Lord of the Isles, 'Clann Iain Mhoir' . . . 
This John married about 1400, Marjory Byset, heiress of the 
Seven Lordships of the Glens, in Antrim. After the marriage, 



168 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



1400-31 



John is found styled Lord of Dunyvaig and the Glens, also Lord 
of Isla and Kintyre . . . Dunyvaig Castle, for centuries a 
ruin [and of which we present a picture], stands on the estate 
of Wildalton in Isla." (The Last Macdonalds of Isla). 

Under the date 1408 the transiency of human affairs is quaintly 
exemplified in a Gaelic Charter re-produced in Clan Donald, 
(I., Appendices.) and by which Macdonald, Lord of the Isles, 
grants certain lands "to Brian Vicar McKay and to his heirs 
after him for ever and ever"; and if the conditions are not 




DUNYVAIG CASTLE, ISLAY. 

fulfilled, the lands are to be returned "to me, and to my heirs 
after me, to the end of the world." 

About 1431 there appear to have been two John Maclan 
Abrachs, one in the Glencoe branch, (see that date in Section 
III.), and the other a MacLean. (History of the Camerons, 26). 

Browne's History of the Highlanders and Clans gives items of 
clan feuds, forays and battles in the fifteenth and sixteenth 
centuries, mentioning the Slaight or Sliocht-Ean-Aberigh, Slaight- 
Ean Voir and Slaight-Ean-Rcy, -which apparently indicate 
different septs of Eans or Johns, though the fact that the Slaight- 



1468-95 OTHER MCKEANS. 169 

Ean-Aberigh was at one time in Strath Naver in the extreme 
north of Scotland and far from Ardnamurchan and Glencoe, 
may denote a distinct family. 

Volume IX. of the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, contains in 
1468, among the Rentals of our Lord the King, [James III.], a 
statement of seizin to Duncan McKane, of Tarren, Corblaren 
and Garfauld in Argyle. 

In the Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, there 
is entry of a composition with a certain McCane in 1473, for 
harboring Gilbert McGay when the latter was an outlaw; the 
amount is "viij li" [pounds]. 

In 1478 we find in the Acts of the Lords Auditors of Causes and 
Complaints, that "duncain makmakyn" [indexed MacMakane], 
was charged with several others by "elizabeth hamiltoun for 
the wrangwise spoliation away taking and witholding ... of 
sixty-six bolls of clean broddit aits." 

The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland state that in 1481 and 1483, 
half of Ester Lanerky and Caschdrapane were let to Donald 
McCane; and to his widow and son Fergus in 1486. In 1483, 
in the barony of Down, there are mentioned Lundy, Andrew 
and Donald McCane [indexed McKane]; the last two are tenants 
of Sessintuly, specified again in 1486. 

According to the Ada Dominorum Concilii [Acts of the Lords 
of Council (in Civil Causes)], in 1489 Johne m c makane is charged 
by Johne Kennydy of Carlok for wrongful occupation of certain 
lands; and in the same year: "Before ye lordes comperit Sr. 
Johne kenedy as procurator [for several persons including] alane 
m c kene . . . and protested that because Robert of Carlish gert 
summon them at his instance and at the instance of our sovereign 
Lord and wald nocht compere to folow them, that therefore," etc. 

The Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland contain 
an entry in 1494: "Item, the viij day of Nouember, gevin at 
the Kingis command, brocht be the Bischop of Murray and the 
Chalmerlane, to certain Masones that passit to cast down McKanys 
house [indexed McKane, Makane] with the Lord Gordoun xviij 
/." Another entry in the same work, shows that "At Kirkcud- 
bright, [pronounced Kirco6bree], April 8, 1495, there was a 
remission of 40 shillings to Thomas Makane," who seems to be 
a Lowlander, the occasion is not stated. Thomas evidently 



170 OTHE;R MCKEJANS. 1497-1532 

appears again in 1497: "Item, to William Yong and Thorn 
Makachane, wrychtis in Dunbar, to make the ruf to Hannis 
toure, thair xiiij dayis wage, xxxvij s. iiij d." 

The MacEachen-Macdonalds were a branch of the Clanranald 
and the name means Son of Hector. The progenitor lived 
toward the end of the i5th century, and the family was in exis- 
tence at the end of the igth. (Clan Donald, III., 239). As ch 
in Gaelic names is often if not always silent, the name must 
have been pronounced very nearly like MacEan. The Mac- 
Eachens of Howbeg and Glenuig originated early in the i7th 
century and came down to 1835. (Ibid., 248, 250). The Mac- 
Eachens of Peniuren date from before 1638 to after 1786. (Ibid., 

251)- 

Alexander Macdonald, V. of Dunnyveg and the Glens, 1499- 
1538, a man of note in his day, was known in v Scotland and 
Ireland as Alastair Maclan Chathanaich, and married Catherine, 
daughter of John Maclain of Ardnamurchan. (Ibid., 375, 376). 

Allan IV. of Knoydart, about 1501, is "designed" Allan 
Ranaldson McEanson, [because] his father was Ranald and 
grandfather John. (Clan Donald, III., 238). A few similar 
forms are met with now, M c and son being used together, with 
the same patronymic. 

For 1512, or "The Kalends of January; the age of the Lord 
one thousand, five hundred and twelve years," the Annals of 
Loch Ce mention "A hosting by Garrett, Earl of Cill-dara [Kil- 
dare?] ... on which occasion he took the castle of Bel-ferside, 
and broke down the castle of MacEoin* and plundered the Glinns, 
and a great part of the country; ..." 

After the fatal battle of Flodden, in 1513, the surviving High- 
landers, including Alexander Maclan of Glengarry, again "raised 
the standard of rebellion, and Sir Donald of Lochalsh was pro- 
claimed Lord of the Isles," but Maclain of Ardnamurchan seems 
to have succeeded in helping to extinguish the rebellion. 
(Adapted from Clan Donald, I., 319, 321; and Lang, I., 361). 

The State Papers of 1532 include letters from Northumberland 
to Henry VIII.: In one of them he " . . . haith sertyffyed 

*" MacEoin, literally, 'son of John,' or Johnson; the cognomen of the 
family of Bissett of the Glinns, in the County of Antrim. See Reeves's 
Eccl. Antiq., p. 325." 



1532-48 OTHEjR MCKEiANS. iyi 

Your Highnes of the arryvall of certeyne Scottyshemen to the 
nombre of foure thousand in your said land, [Ireland], under 
the leading of Machonell, [MacDonald], intending to join with 
Adonell [O'Donnell] . . . the vScottes Kyng hath sent fyye 
hundreth archers from the owte isles of Scotland unto the said 
Machonell in great hast . . ."In another letter soon after, he 
writes: "Your Highnes shall perceyve that for Makayn ys gone 
over in to Ireland with the numbre of 7000 men, whereof most 
parte be footemen, and it is said hath done myche harme in 
Ireland . . . the Kyng of Scottes hath plucked from the Erie 
of Argyle, and from his heires for ever, the rule of all the out 
iles, and given the same to Mackayn and his heires for ever; 
and also hath in likecase taken from thErle of Crafford suche 
landes as he had ther, and gy ven the same to the said Mackayne ; 
the which hath ingendred a great hatred in the said Erie's harte 
against the said Scottes King." [James V.]. Here in eight 
lines of an official document the name of Maclain is spelt in 
three different ways. 

In the same work are some possible mentions of Other McKeans, 
but we will only quote that in 1534, among a number of "escriptes 
and writings" called "Cromwell's Remembrances," there is 
notice of Agnes and Ellen Macheon, in depositions about "the 
breach of Ilchester prison." And in 1537, among Reports against 
Ossory [the Earl] in Ireland, we find the names of Cosney McKey- 
hone and Bollyagh McKeighon, possibly old forms of McKeon, 
"judges to Okarill," and who testified. 

Alexander Mackenzie in the History of the Camerons, 37, states 
that in 1548, 21 merks of land, the property of Alastair Maclan 
MacAlastair of Glengarry, were apprised to John Grant of Freuchie 
and also 12 merks, "the hereditary fee of his son Angus, all of 
which had been apprised for the sum of ,10,770, 13^. ^d. Scots, 
for satisfaction of a 'spulzie' committed by Glengarry, his son, 
and their accomplices. These lands . . . were afterwards held 
for a time by Glengarry, in right of his wife, Margaret de Insulis." 

In the Register of the Great Seal of the Kings of Scotland, there 
are certain passages in Latin, of various dates; one of them is 
in Section II., the other may be rendered as follows: 

"203. At Edinburgh, 4th May [1548]. 

The Queen [Mary] has confirmed to John Grant of Culkabok, 



172 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



1545-79 



his heirs and assigns 2\ marcates of land situated in Lochar- 
roun . . . which land of Locharron belonged to Alester Mc- 
Kaane McAlestar de Glengawrie in free tenement, and to Angus 
his son and heir apparent in fee . . . " In the note to this 
grant we find: "Names of assize . . . Joh. McCane McComas 
in Auchnaschallauch . . . and among the tenants and their 
holdings ... Joh. McEane McGilleis, in the town of Culnakirk 
in Urquhard . . . " 

Mention is made in this volume, mostly as witnesses, from 
1545 to 1579, of 



Donald McEane McFerquhard, 

1545- 

Donald Owz (Owr?] McEane Mc- 
Fyndlaw. (i), 1545. 

Donald McEane McGilleis, 1545. 

John Doy McEane McCoill, 1545. 

John McCoill McKeane, 1545. 

John McEane McConnill, 1545. 

John McEane McWilliame, 1545. 

Maria McKane McFale, 1545. 

Donald Makane-bayne (McAne 
Bayne), 1545. 

Wil. McPatrick Makane-bayne (Mc- 
Eane Vayne), 1545. 

John Mclldonych Makane-boy (Mc- 
Eane Boy), (2), 1545. 

Joh. McCane McComas, (3), 1548. 

McEane McConquhy, 1548. 

Joh. McEane McGilleis, 1548. 

William McDonald McKane (4) , 1 549 

Matilda, wife of the last, and 
daughter of Murdoch McKane, 
1549- 

i. In Wester Ballewat. 2. In Litill Invermorischtoun. 3. In Auchnas- 
challauch. 4. To whom the Queen gave letters of legitimacy. 5. Of Balle- 

manoch. 6. In Brasdale. 7. Of Carbarranbeg. 8. Son of the Vicar? 

Like McPherson, son of the Parson. 9. In Eddirracharron in Lochcarne. 

10. Of the burgesses of Rothsay. 

From the six bulky volumes of the Register of the Privy Council 
of Scotland, 1545 to 1604, we will make occasional abridged 
quotations about names connected with the McKeans of old 
times. 



Margareta Neynthomas McKane 

McEwin, 1551. 
Dugall Makane (or McAkane Mc- 

Nele of Sorba, 1553. 
Neil Makeane Maknele, 1553. 
Duncan Makane-bayne (McAne- 

bane, McEane-vayne) McKey, 

(5)- 1554- 
Neil Makane-duffe (McAneduffe) 

McKachane, (6), 1554. 
Malcolm Makane McDonill,( 7), 1559. 
Donald Makane Vekvicar (8), of 

Sallychary, 1559. 
Neil McCaine "cliens," 1559. 
Duncan Makane-voir Vekeller, 1 562. 
Willelmus McKayne, 1562. 
Wil. Makeane, 1563. 
Hector McAne Ekane, (9), 1567. 
Duncan McEane McCondachie Mc- 

Gillebred, 1574. 
Ferquhard McCaine, alias Jame- 

soun, (TO), 1579. 



I545~ l6 4 OTHER MCKEANS. 173 

And a rather insubordinate set some of them appear to have 
been at that time, a time, however, when men all the world 
over, cared more for force than for law, and when almost every 
self-respecting Highlander thought raiding the Lowlands and 
often his neighbors, to be right and proper. It is small comfort 
to know that the enemies of the Maclans were about as bad, and 
were also frequently denounced as law-breakers and rebels. The 
compiler has waded through the whole record, disheartening in 
its variety of violence and wrong, and will presently give a few 
naive and archaic extracts as samples, instead of pages of quota- 
tion, however curious. Before doing so, however, he will state, 
in excuse for this long, frail record of our possible forefathers, 
that several of the names are repeated over and over again, to 
the scandal of their peaceful and law-abiding kinsfolk. 

Some readers may be interested to see the style of names 
borne in old times in the Highlands, so a list of various spellings 
of McEans and connections, almost all from the Register men- 
tioned, will be first given, nearly one-half being indexed as Mac- 
lans, though that part of the name, or its equivalent, does not 
always appear the last as in a surname of the present clay, and 
would indicate alliances by marriage or otherwise, with a large 
number of families. A few of the following bore nicknames 
besides (which must have been a relief to their friends of short 
breath and memory), one in particular, arouses our ardent 
curiosity as to the reason of his bearing the alias "Girls," 
which charming sobriquet, however, he belied by rough conduct; 
in other clans we have met with the nicknames "Traitour," 
"Vagabound," etc. Finally, as to standing in life, many of the 
following-named men were tenants or retainers, and in some 
cases servants, but evidently most enthusiastic to follow the 
Laird when a neighborly incursion was to the fore. 

SOME McEAxs AND APPARENT CONNECTIONS, mentioned in 
forays, complaints, etc., chiefly in the Register of the Privy Council 
of Scotland; from 1545 to 1604. About twenty of these are 
Glencoe-men. 



Donald McEane Dowe (3) VcAllas- 
ter (16) McEane Abrich (i, *). 

Duncane McEane Dowveig (3, 12) 
Mclndulich Birrach (i?, *). 

Duncane McEane Cam (2, *). 



Angus Me An Dow (3a). 
Angus Dow McEane Dow (3a). 
Ewin McEane Dow (3). 
Johne Dow (3) McEane Dow 
(3, *, 6). 



i 7 4 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



1545-1604 



Johne McEan Dow (3b). 
Donnald Mclnnes VcEane (16) 

Dowy (3). 
Neill McGilliechallum VcEane (16) 

Dowy (3). 

Tarloch McEane Dowy (30). 
Donnald McEane Doy (3). 
John McEane VcMurchie (16) Glas 

(4). 
William Dow (3) McEane Inche (5). 

William McAine Inche (5, *). 
Allaster McEane VcFer (16) Innes 

(6). 
John Moir McEane Keir (7, *), 

alias Chamrone [Cameron]. 
Alexander McCain McAin. 
Tarloch McAine (*, c). 
Allane McAne of Inner loch (21). 
Allaster M^aneabrych (i). 
Donald Oig (13) Mcaneabrych (i). 
John Mcaneabrych (i). 
Johnne Dow McConeill (8) McEan. 
Thomas McConeill (8) McEan 

(stabler) . 

Johne Oig (13) McEancheir (7, *). 
Johne McEandecheir (7, *). 
Johnne McEandoyn (3, *). 
Allane McEane (*) in Ballochqu- 

hindochie. 

John McAllaster McEanwichts. 
John Dow Mceane (9) McGregour 

(d). 
John Dow McEwne (9) McGregour 

(d). 

William McEane McHuchesoun. 
Allane Mclnabrich (i, *) in Glen- 

coan (10, e). 
Allane Dow Mclnabrich (i, *) in 

Lochquaber (n, e). 
Allaster Mclndow (3) Mclnabrich, 

alias McConei'11 (8). 
Angus Mclnabrich (i, *) in Glen- 

coane (10). 
Angus Dow (3) Mclnabrich (i, *) 

in Lochquaber (n). 
Archibald McConeil (8) Mclna- 
brich (i, *, f). 



Archibald Mclndow (3) Mclna- 
brich (i, *), alias McConeill (8, f). 

Donald Mclndow (3) Mclnabrich 
(i, *), alias McConeill (8). 

Johne Mclnabrich (i, *) in Glen- 
coane (10). 

Johnne Beg (12) Mclnabrich (i, *). 

Johne Dow (3) Mclnabrich (i, *) 
in Lochquaber (n). 

Ronald Mclnabrich (i, *) in Glen- 
coan (10). 

Ronald Dow (3) Mclnabrich (i, *) 
in Lochquaber (n). 

Allaster McAne [and McEane] Mc- 
lnnes (6, *, g). 

Allaster McCeane Oig (13, *, h) of 
Glenco. 

Allaster McEane Oig (13, *, h) of 
Glenko. 

Angus McEan Oig (13, *). 

Rory McEane Oig (13, *). 

Allane Roy (14) McEan _Oyge 

(i3, *) 

Andro McEane Roy (14). 
Ewne McEane McFindlay Roy 

(H, *, i). 
Gillespik McAllane McEane Roy 

(i4). 

Johne Dow (3) McEane Roy (14). 
Johnne McAine VcFynlay (16) 

Roy (14, *, i). 
Johne McEwne VcAllaster (16) Roy 

(14, 21). 

Ewne McEane Tuich (k, 21). 
Johnne McEan Tuich (k,- 21). 
Gilliechallum McFarquhar Doy (3) 

VcEane (16) Vane (15). 
John McEane Vane (15, *). 
John McFarquhar Doy (3) VcAine 

(16) Vane (15). 

Donnald Gar McEane Vany (15). 
Donald Roy (14) Mceane VcAch- 

ane (16, *). 
John McAne VcConell (8) VcAglas- 

sre (4?, 1 6). 
Alexander McEane Vc Allane (16,*). 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



175 



Alexander Oig (13) McEane Vc- 

Allane (16, *). 

Ronnald McEane VcAllane (16, *). 
Donald McEanair Vc Allen (16, *). 
Allan McEan Duy (3) VcAllaster 

(16). 

Allaster McEan Duy (3) VcAllas- 
ter (16). 
Donald McEan Duy (3) VcAllaster 

(16). 

Gillespik McEan Duy (3) VcAllas- 
ter (16). 

Donald McConeill (8) VcAine (16). 
Johnne McGillandris VcAyne (16). 
Donald Roy (14) McAine VcConell 

(8, * 16). 
Donald Moir (17) McEane VcConill 

(8, 16). 
Johne Dow (3) McEane Dowy (3) 

VcConill (8, b?, 16). 
Angus McAine VcConnell (8, *, 16). 
Gillespik McAine VcConnell (8, *, 

16). 
William McAine VcConnell (8, *, 

16). 
Allaster Dow (3) McAllane VcEane 

of Culchinny (21). 
Angus Oig Mclnnes VcMartine 

VcEane (21). 

Johnne McFatrik VcEane (16, *). 
Johnne Moir (17) McAllane VcEane 

(16) of Collardy (21). 
Johnne Oig (13) McAllane VcEane 

(16, 21). 
Ewne McCondoquhy VcEwne (16) 

in Auchnesune (21). 



Neill McEane Duy (3) VcEwne 

(16, *). 
Ewne McEane Dow (3) VcGillecho- 

nane (16, *). 
Allaster McCondochy McEane Dowy 

VcGregour (16, *). 
Allaster McEane Vclnnes (6, *, 16). 
Angus McEane Vclnnes (6, 16). 
Donald McEane Vclnnes (6, 16). 
Finlay McEane Vclnnes (6, *, 16). 
James McEane Vclnnes (6, *, 16). 
John McEane Vclnnes (6, 16). 
Ronald McEane Vclnnes (6, 16). 
Donald Our Vclnnis (6, 16) VcEane 

(16) VcMartine (16, 1, 21). 
Donald Roy (14) McAngus VcEane 

(16) VcMartine (16, 1, 21). 
Duncan McAngus VcEane (16) 

VcMartine (16, 21). 
Donald Dow (3) McConeill (8) 

VcEane (16) VcMartyne (16, 21). 
Alexander McCaney (McEane) Vc- 

Sir James (16, *, 20). 
Angus McCaney (McEane) VcSir 

James (16, *, 20). 
Nicoll McEane Roy (14) Veig 

(*, 12?). 

Angus McEane Virich (i?, *, 18). 
Allester McAllester Vrik (i?, 18). 
Ewin McAin WcConeill (8, 19). 
Alexander McAine Dow (3) Wc- 

Krenald (19) [McRanald]. 
Angus McEan Doy (3) Vclnnes 

(6, 1 6) Weill (*). 
Angus Reoch (14) McEane Dowy 

(3) Vclnnes (6, 16) Weill, etc., 

etc. 



* Indexed "Maclan" in the Records, i. McEane Abrich, M^aneabrych, 
Mclnabrich, but perhaps not McEane Virich and Vrik, may refer to the 
Clan-anverich, Clan Abarach, Maclan of .Avricht, Awricht, Abrach, etc., 
said by Logan (?) to have originated from one of their chiefs being fostered 
at Lochaber. 2. Cam is crooked or bent. 3. Dow in various spellings is 
black or dark. 4. Glas is green, possibly from the place of residence. 5. 
Inche may be island, from the place of residence, or see 6. 6. Innes is for 
Aonghais or Angus. 7. McEane Keir, McEancheir, McEandecheir, would 
probably be now written McKean-Keir; the third form is indexed John 



I? 6 OTHER MCKEANS. 



1557-9 



In the " Inquisitionum ad Capellam Domini Regis Retornatarum, 
quae in Publicis Archivis Scotiae adhuc ser7antur, Abbreviatio, " 
a work in Latin, in three volumes, and which is an Abridgment 
of the Record of Proceedings by Inquest, or Verdict of Assize, 
originating in Writs issuing from Chancery, between the dates 
1486 and 1701, there are several references which will be alluded 
to in due course. For the present it may be stated that in 1557 
under the heading of the County of Bute in Scotland, there is 
a record that John McCame ("or McCaine"), heir of Nigellus 
[Niell] McCame his father, had 23 solidates 4 denariates of land 
in "Barnald" in the island of Bute. [We will presently find 
this family name spelt McKaine]. 

Having mentioned in Section I., the founding of the Cathedral 
of St. Andrew, the patron Saint of Scotland, it may be permis- 
sible to state here that in 1559, that building was pulled down 
by a mob, excited by a sermon of John Knox against idolatry. 
Professor Tennant in his poem ' ' Papistry Stormed, or the Dinging 
Doun o 1 the Cathedral" tells how "Great bangs o' bodies 
. . . Gaed to Sanct Andro's town; 

(Dachir) Maclan. 8. McCon?i 1 possibly for MacDonald; see foot-note to 
Table of (Me) Donalds, Appendix. 9. Shows that Ewne is sometimes, at 
least, the same as Eane. 10. Glencoan is on the other side of the Forth 
of Lorn from Glencoe, though the stream in the latter, (celebrated by Ossian), 
being "Cona Water," the two may be confounded, u. Lochquaber, prob- 
ably Loch Ab2r. 12. Beg, little or small. 13. Oig, etc., in several forms, 
younger or junior; literally, grandson or descendant, now written O'. 14. 
Roy, spelled in various ways, the red [haired?]. 15. Vane might in some 
cases be for VcAne, M c Ane, but more likely for bane, white or fair. 16. Vcformc, 
old form of mac, son of. 17. Moir, mor, etc., large, great; sometimes elder 
or senior. 18. Vrik, evidently a contraction of Virich, which was supposed 
to be a form of Avricht, (see i , but more probably denotes one of the "race 
of MacVurrichs," who were bards to MacDonald of Clanranald. Vuirich 
is also given as the Gaelic for MacPherson, though that is considered to 
mean "son of the Parson." 19. W c for T /c , equivalent to Mac. 20. This 
Sir James was probably the MacDonald, though indexed "Maclan." - a, b, 
c, etc., . . . k, 1, indicate, in couples, equivalent forms of the same name. 
2 1 . Also said to be Camerons. 

Ean in various shapes means John in Gaelic, but it may be necessary to 
caution some readers that, as a prefix in Saxon names, it is quite distinct. 
That word is probably from earn, eagle, and is compounded with -bald, 
-berht, -bert, -bryth, -dred, -flaed (-fleda), -frith, -ich, -mund, -red, -switha, 
-thulf, -ulf, -wlf, -wolf, etc, 



J 559-77 OTHER MCKEANS. 177 

And wi' John Calvin in their heads, 
And hammers in their hands, and spades, 
Enraged at idols, mass, and beads, 
Dang the Cathedral down." 

In 1567 the Carew section of State Papers records that Parlia- 
ment passed an Act of Attainder against Shane O'Neale with 
his assistants; among the latter were the sept of "McCan . . . 
Clankanny or Mackans country" . . . etc. In the same 
volume mention is made of Carbry McCan or McCann, "chief 
of name;" also that 100 acres of land in the precinct of Oriel 
were granted to Hugh McBrien McCan; 160 acres to McPhelim 
McCan; 120 acres to Rory McPatrick McCan, besides which, 
much is said of the McDonnells. 

Also in 1568, an inclosure from the Lord Justice to the Queen, 
notes: "The captain of the Scots called Donnell McCane and 
others slain." 

The Register of the Great Seal, contains under date of 1574, 
two documents of one of which we give the following free trans- 
lation : 

"2270. At Holyrood, 8 Jul. [1574]. The King [James VI.], 
etc., has confirmed a charter of John Grant of Fruquhy, [by 
which he has sold to Angus McAlestare, son and heir of the late 
Alexander Makaane of Glengarrie], the lands of Glengarrie 
belonging to him by virtue of appraisement and conveyance in 
fee executed above to his predecessors," [with other lands speci- 
fied], "which they appraised to the said Angus; and this on 
account of letters of homage and faithful service by the said 
Angus for himself, his heirs and the successors of the lord of 
Glengarrie, and his friends, kindred, partners and associates, 
according to the form of law and the acts of parliament, by 
royal dispensation, (comprising clauses in the contract between 
the said John and Angus entered into at Elgin, 17 Nov. 1571), 
with proper charges to the said John determined before, the 
feast of Whitsuntide next ; also on account of filling up of other 
articles of the said contract; in which if the said Angus, etc., 
fail, this fief [hec infeodatio] is to be void" . . . Among the 
witnesses is Duncan McEane McCondachie McGillebred. 

In 1576-77, according to the History of the Camerons, "Ewin 
McAne, Capitane of Inverlochy, the fader brother" of a certain 



178 OTHER MCKEANS. 1576-86 

"Camroun and John Cam, his brother of surnawm," represented 
them before the Secret Council in their application to be set 
at liberty by the Earl of Athole, who had imprisoned them. 
[Among other things they were charged with the slaughter of a 
certain Donald Dow MacKewin]. 

There is mention in 1576, in the Reg. Priv. Council, of surety 
that two individuals, one of whom is Johnne McAne VcConell 
VcAglassre, shall answer at accusation of the Earl of Argyle; 
the charge is not set forth. 

The same work records in 1579 that John, Bishop of the 
Isles, complains that although he is the lawful Bishop, several 
fellows, including "Johnne McKane of the Rande [or Randy 
(riotous ?)] made stop, trouble and impediment . . . and being 
oftimes called and not appearing, letters of rebellion and horning 
are to go forth." Something similar is recorded on page 61. 

Among the names mentioned in the Clan-Allister beg bond, 
"the year of God 1580 years," are Alester vie Iain Chittach 
and his sons; and Angus vie Iain Chittach. (The Last Alac- 
donalds of Isla). 

The Carew (State) Papers include a letter in 1583 from Sir 
Henry Sydney to Sir Francis Walsingham, to the effect that he 
had informed the Earl of Tyrone that "he must not accept 
the sirname of O'Nell without permission . . . and appointed 
unto him the service of O'Chane MacKann [O'Kane McKane?] 
. . . and other landlords." The reference to "O'Nell" is 
interesting because he "esteemed the name more in price to 
him than to be intituled Caesar." 

Relative to names beginning with Me, and O', this may be a 
suitable place to note that in 1586 the State Papers mention, 
in an account of the rebellion of the Burkes in Ireland, that the 
bearing of "titles of Mcs and O's was abolished," and again in 
1587, reference is made to the previous "banishing of the Macs 
and Goes;" but this appears to have been quite limited, for 
in 1585, the names of only 41 Mc's and 26 O's are given in Con- 
naught, who "surrendered their names and customs of inheri- 
tance and received their castles and lands by patent, to them 
and their heirs, in English succession. The law seems soon to 
have been disregarded, for in 1596 we find that "the people of 



I OTHER MCKEANS. 179 

Connatight will seek to retain their new titles of Macs and Oes, 
with their tainist* law;" and the fear is expressed that "through 
the revival of the tyranny of the Macs and Oes Her Majesty's 
laws shall no more be heard of amongst the Connaught people." 

In the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, under date of 1585, 
Jo n and Dauid m c kein and James m c quhune are mentioned, 
apparently among residents of Esdale, Ewisdale and Wauchop- 
dale. 

Domhnull Maclain 'ic Sheumais III. of the Macdonalds of 
Castle Camus, about 1585, appears to have been a warrior-bard 
of some distinction ; the writer of lasting songs, and the wielder 
of a terrible sword called "Five merks" from its price. There 
is much about Donald Maclain in Clan Donald, III., 500-504. 

In the Roll of names of Chiefs and landlords, etc., in 1587, 
is that of allane m c kane of Ilandterum. 

And in the same year, according to the Register of the Privy 
Council of Scotland, John Moir M c kane and others are charged 
to deliver up eight hostages for MacLean, to Archibald, Earl 
of Argyle, Lord Campbell and Lorn. 

The same work notes in- 1591 the registration of a bond of 
caution, in ,200 each, against a number of the tenants of the 
Earl of Glencairn, among w r hom is Bartholomew McKane in 
Aber, that they will not harm James Cunynghame, pensioner 
of Lesmahago, and Janet Wallace, his spouse. [It seems evident 
from several instances, that a wife sometimes retained her own 
name]. 

In the same year the tenants of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenur- 
quhy, being threatened, refused to pay their mails [taxes], 
whereupon the sheriff and his messengers seized six cows belong- 
ing to the tenants, and were driving them off, fearing "na vio- 
lence," when several of the retainers of the Earl of Atholl, includ- 
ing John McEan in Balnecaird, John McAllister McEanwichts in 
Drumnacarff, etc., followed the said messengers on horse and 
foot, overtook them, "utterit mony injurious and disdanefull 
speichis," and violently reft the said goods from them, etc., 
and since they did not appear as charged, are to be denounced 
rebels. 

* Tanistrie is the allotted inheritance to the oldest and worthiest man 
of the deceased's name and blood. Black's Law Dictionary. 



ISO OTHER MCKEANS. I59 2 

Mention is made in 1592, of James McKane "councillor there" 
[at Montrose]; the name is also spelt M c cayne and Makene, and 
(by mistake) M c rane. 

Alexander Macdonald III. of Killiechonate is mentioned in 
1592 as Alastair Maclain Vic Innes. (Clan Donald, III., 464). 

In 1593, according to the Register of the Privy Council of Scot- 
land, David McKene in Laicht, was one of several persons bound 
in ,500 each, not to harm Patrick Harvie in Wester Pennyveinzie. 

In the same year and volume we find that the King relaxed 
from the horn for any cause bygone, among others Chairles 
M c V c ane of Duprene. This curious spelling means the son of 
the son of Ane or Ean. It is sometimes found in Old Celtic as 
mic mic preceding the name, but was afterwards superseded by 
O' in Ireland. 

It has been noted already that the spelling of proper names 
yaried greatly in old times: we come now to a notable case of 
this. The Maclans of Elanterim in the General Index of the 
Acts of the Parliament of Scotland in 1593, are those of Ilandter- 
rum in the special index; it is found as Yllanetyrum in 1608. 
In a marriage contract dated 1613 we find Donald Makallane 
Vic Keanne of Ilandtirme. In 1627, in the Inquisitionum ad 
Capellam, etc., Joannes McDonald McAllane Viceane capitanus 
de Clanronald, was heir male of Laird Donold McAUane Vic 
Eane de Ellantirrin capitani de Clanronald, his father; [in this 
case two evident McEans, Chiefs of Clanranald, are indexed as 
MacDonalds]. In 1645 J. M c orronald of Eyellantirrim is the 
form in Clan Gregor, and Allane McKane of Ilandterrim (no 
date) was the Chief of Clanranald. Here the personal name has 
been spelt in five ways and the local one in seven. We are 
tempted to give a few quotations from the marriage contract 
mentioned above, which was between John Macdonald of Clan- 
ranald and Marion (always called Moir in the document, possibly 
a pet name), daughter of Roderick Macleod of Dunvegan, 1613, 
but though Vic Keanne may be classed with "Other McKeans," 
the contract is very long in its references to the "airis" expectant, 
the "tocher" of the bride (including "nyne scoir of gud and 
sufficient quick ky" and ane gaillay of twentie foure airis with 
thri sailling and rowing geir gud and sufficient"), etc., etc. Is 
it not written in the third book of Clan Donald, Appendices? 



I594~6 OTHER MCKEANS. l8l 

On the 1 8th day of July, 1594, among witnesses to a Bond 
of the Clan Neill, and in which Sir James Macdonald, the last 
of those of Isla, is described as Apparent of Dunyvaig,- one 
is Donald Makayne. The bond was signed at Killeonane, now 
incorporated with the modern Parish of Campbelltown. (Last 
Macdonalds of Isla). 

It is stated in the Reg. Privy Council, Scot., that in 1594 Hector 
Monro complains of some men who had "awaytuke . . . ane 
grite nowmer of his ky . . . to ane quiet place," whither he 
followed them and "caryed thame with him"; but the Laird 
of Balnagownis collected sundry accomplices, among whom were 
a couple of the inevitable McEans, one described as a "stabler;" 
they followed and overtook the complainer, "invadit him and 
his cumpanie, . . . schoit arrowis at thame, wundit thame 
with durkis . . . and drave with them the said ky;" and the 
aforesaid Laird is to be denounced rebel. [After a repetition 
of the complaint in 1596, the rest are denounced, but the McEans 
do not figure in the later document, had they reformed?]. 

According to the Inquis ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Ret., Willelmus 
Makkeine was heir in 1595, of Joneta Makkeine, daughter of 
his paternal uncle ("filiae patrui") in 3 roods of land in Watslakkis 
in Dumfries; 3 acres towards Mill-dam-head (?) with tenements, 
a garden and barn, etc. E. 30 /. 

The Macdonalds of Achtriachtan, the second family of Cadets 
of Glenco, [the Dalness family does not appear to have retained, 
even in a few individuals, the name Maclain], was descended 
from I. Alexander, son of John Dubh, son of John Og (i), Mac- 
Iain Abrich of Glenco, towards the end of the i6th century. 
His son, II., Alexander appears on record in 1611 as Allaster 
Maclain Duibh Mhic Alastair of Achtriachtan, the Maclain 
Duibh being in this case the patronymic or tribe name. The 
family has come down to the present time. (Adapted from 
Clan Donald, III., 221). Their share in the Massacre of Glencoe 
is mentioned in Section III. The time is doubtful, but it was 
probably about 1644, that Patrick Aberach MacGregor, (son 
and successor of Duncan, k. 1604), the leader of the MacGregors 
under Montrose, married "Marion daughter of Macdonald of 
Auchatrichatan, [perhaps II. Alexander], chief of the most 
powerful tribe of the Macdonalds of Glencoe." (Sir Robert 



182 OTHER MCKEANS, 1 597~& 

Douglas' Baronage of Scotland, 1798, as quoted in History of the 
Clan Gregor, II., 18). 

"A branch of the Clan Iain of Glencoe that may be genealogi- 
cally traced for a few generations, [from the end of the isth to 
about the middle of the i8th century], consists of the descendants 
of I. Allan [Maclain] Duibh, son of John Dubh, and brother 
of the founders of Dalness and Achtriachlan." (Clan Donald, 
HI-, 225). 




ISLE DAVAAR AND CAMPBELTOWN LOCH. 

From Last Macdcnalds of Isla. 

There is a Bond signed "9th day of March, 1597 years," in 
which Ronald McConnald vie Iain [McDonald Mclan] of Hand, 
supposed to be the owner of Isles including Davaar of the mouth 
of Loch Kilkerran, accepts the Right Honourable Sir James 
McConnald of Knockransay, Knight, as his superior Master and 
Foster, and obliges himself to fortify and defend Sir James 
with all the men and gear he may have . . . against all deadly 
or mortals without any exception in all time hereafter; and he 
signs with his hand at the pen led by the writer under-written 
[Johne McKay]. (The Last Macdonalds of Isla}. 

In 1598 the Reg. Privy Council Scot, contains the complaint 



1598-1601 OTHER MCKEANS. 183 

of Johnne Dumbar and others, that a number of persons, among 
whom were some of "Fraseris vagaboundis" and about a score 
of McAnes, McEans, VcEanes, VcEwnes, etc., included in one 
of the Tables already given, "with convocation of the lieges 
to the number of 200 . . . with tua handit swordis, steilbon- 
nettis, etc. . . . came ... by way of briggancie to the said 
George Dumbaris duelling house in Clune . . . and thair 
tressonablie rased fyre in the said house," [and in short, behaved 
most abominably, even to Mairjorie and Issobell Dumbar]. 
"And, not satisfeit thairwith," drove away horses and cattle; 
"the order is to denounce them rebels." 

In the following year. Vol. VI. of the same work tells about 
"James McKene, one of the bailies of the burgh of Montrose, 
and William McKene, one of the councillors thereof," who got 
into trouble for sturdily maintaining what they supposed were 
their rights. It seems that the King [James VI.] had charged 
the magistrates and council of Montrose to elect John, Earl of 
Mar, to be provost of the said burgh for the year, but they dis- 
obeyed the charge and wilfully passed to the horn: "the King 
and Council therefore ordain the defenders to be committed to 
ward in the castles of Blakknes and Downe of Menteith during 
his Majesty's pleasure." 

The Reg. Privy Council Scot., notes that Allane McEane in 
Ballochquhindochie, complains in 1600, that he was denounced 
rebel by letters raised at the instance of the Treasurer, for 
non-appearance before the King and Council . . . Complainer 
was never lawfully charged to appear . . . and would wil- 
lingly have done so ... and he had found caution in 300 
marks to that effect . . . "Wherefore the said letters should 
be suspended simpliciter" which is done. [Under another date 
it appears that Allan had given bonds through George Elphing- 
stoun of Ballabeg [Belenbeg]. 

In 1 60 1, the Inquis. ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Ret. states that Andreas 
McKaine ("or McKame") inherited the lands of "Barnale," [see 
previous note for 1557, where the name was spelt McCaine], as 
heir of John McKaine his brother. [This Andrew will appear 
as McKainie in 1644]. 

We learn from the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland that 



184 OTHER MCKEANS. 1602-3 

in April, 1602, "James McKeane, merchant, burgess of Monrois, 
for Patrik Buttir of Marytoun, 500 marks, to answer before 
the King and Council at Dundie upon 24th instant for his lying 
under the censure of [civil?] excommunication." 

And in August of the same year there is complaint by Robert 
Robertsoun of Strowane that he has been "straitit" to find 
caution for a number of persons; yet, as they are not obedient 
to him, nor acknowledge him in service or duty, he asks that 
they be made to find caution for themselves; among them are 
a McEane Keir in Rannoch (of Glenco?) and a McEane Virich 
there [in Cannavoren]; the defenders not appearing, are to be 
denounced rebels. 

There is a document in the Carew division of State Papers, 
called "A Survey of Ireland," written about 1574, but with 
additions to the time we have now reached. Under the head- 
ings: "Ulster . . . The Bounds . . . Men of name," we 
find McDonnell, O'Cane, McCan, O'Donnell, etc. 

About 1603, as we learn from Mackenzie's Camerons, 77, a 
Clanranald who was the son-in-law of Allan Cameron of Lochiel, 
is mentioned as "a youth of extraordinary qualities, a polite 
courtier, and very adroit in the management of business." It 
may be stated that the laird of Glengarry of this period, [probably 
Donald MacDonald and the eighth], was also a son-in-law of this 
Cameron, and that his son Eneas, the ninth of Glengarry was 
in 1660 created a Peer of Scotland, as Lord Macdonell and Arros. 
Maclanduy, which is almost undoubtedly Maclan the Dark, is 
the title of the Allan Cameron mentioned, the sixteenth of 
Lochiel. 

We will depart from the resolution to omit everything con- 
cerning the O'Cahans and O'Kanes, and introduce a few to 
show their apparent intimacy with the McDonalds and McKeans 
about the time we have now reached. 

In the Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum Cancellarice Hiber- 
nian asservatum Repertorium* under the heading "London- 

* This work is a Catalogue of Records preserved in the Rolls Office of 
the Court of Chancery of Ireland. There are two volumes, representing 
Leinster and Ulster; but those for Connaught and Munster, if they were 
ever published, appear to be missing from the Washington set. 



1603 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



derry," and for the year 1603, there is apparent mention of a 
parish church, erected and endowed long before by Dominus 
O'Cane, in honor of the blessed Virgin Mary, in the town of. 
Annaghe in Co. "Colrane," with lands in Balliowne; [the village 
of Owen or John?]; also a hospital "sive termon" [or sanctuary] 
in "Co. Coolrane," known as Gowry de Aghadowy, "all of 
which have for a long time been unjustly withheld from the 
king." * Curiously, this record of Lord O'Cane seems to be 
indexed "McConnell," and equivalent to McDonald, and also 
curiously, "Gowry" appears possibly connected with a Gaur', 
alias Gorry, alias Gaured O'Cahan, also in Londonderry, who 
died in 1621, and who, together with two McGorry O'Cahans, 
is mentioned in several documents along with McDonnells, like- 
wise of Londonderry. f The same work also states that in 
Longford, in 1603, Shaen and Tad O'Canyn were found attainted 
as to their possessions. 

This may be an appropriate position for the following Table : 
SOME O'CAHANS, MCCANES, MCKEANES AND APPARENT CON- 
NECTIONS IN IRELAND, from 1603 to 1617; mentioned in the 
Calendarinm Rotulorum Patentium, [List of Open (or Public) 
Rolls], chiefly as having been pardoned for rebellion. 



1603 Edmund Mclyn of Tulerie. 
" Donnell O'Cahan of Laghbal- 
leconnor. 



Gilladuffe McKeane") gentlemen 
Neile McCan !- ** 

Patrick McCan J Antrim Co. 



* Colrane and Coolrane are of course the place made famous by the Beauti- 
ful Kitty, she who according to the song was tripping 

With a pitcher of milk from the fair of Coleraine, 
When she saw me she stumbled, 
The pitcher it tumbled, 
And all the sweet butthermilk watered the plain. 

But All's Well that Ends Well, though all the pitchers in the place were 
broken soon after. 

t The O'Cahans and O'Canes of Londonderry; O'Caanes of Antrim; O'Ca- 
hans of Armagh; McCans of Armagh; O'Kanes of Fermanagh, etc., etc., 
mentioned or to be mentioned, may~ have been related to the O'Cahans of 
Ulster alluded to in Mr. Roberdeau Buchanan's exhaustive Genealogy of the 
McKean Family of Pennsylvania. All of the above Counties are in the 
Province of Ulster. 



i86 



OTHER MCKKANS. 



1604-17 



1604 Redmond McMurtaghO'Kean, 

Carlow Co. 

Tirlogh boy McEane of Bal- 
lynecowlagh, in Dublin Co. 
" John McCahin of Bawnemore, 
in Kilkenny Co. 

1605 John Magiane ) yeomen, of 

AT- u i n/r i~ the Ards, 

Nicholas Magiane* Down Co. 

1607 Sir Donell O'Cahan, Knight, 

of Tyrone Co. 

" John Mechain [McKain?] of 

Ballishannan, Donegal Co. 

McShane O'Cahane 1 

Shane Ballagh O'Cahane 

" John O'Cahane McSwyne 

" Brian O'Cahane McRichard 

John Shallogh O'Cahane 

Brian O'Donell McWm. 

O'Cahane | ? 

" Quoy McBrian Modder | 
O'Cahane 

1608 Shane McKeyne ) of Tyrone 
" Coyne McKeynie* i Co. 

" Donogh O'Cahan |_ O f Wexford 
" Patrick McCahane^ Co ' 
" Brian oge O'Cahan 
" Dermond O'Chane 

Donell O'Chane 
" Owen McCane "1 
" McTowell[Dowell?] I O f Louth 

McCane |" Co - 

" Edmund McCane j 
" Edmond McCany of Donegal 
Co. 

1608 Donohie O'Cahan 

1609 Rowrie O'CahaneMcToole boy 
" Brian McCany 

" Richard O'Keen 
" Gorie McShane O'Cahan , O f 
" Mulmory McCahan bane | D g a ne - 
O'Reilie ) Co. 



16 io Richard McBriane] 

Carragh O'Cahane 
" Donogh O'Cahane 

McRowrie 
Donogh O'Cahane 

McCorbe J 

" Rorie McPatrick"| 
McCan j 

" Hugh McBryan | 



gentle- 

i Colerane 
Co. 



grant of 
lands to, in 
Armagh Co. 



McCan 
Carberie oge 

McCan 
Toole McPhelim 

McCan j 

1612 Owen McYeone, yeoman, 

Down Co. 

Dermod oge O'Cahan 

Cowy McRoory O'Cahan 

Manus O'Cahan McOwen 

" Owen O'Cahan McSenekyn j I 

Murrey j ". 

Owen O'Cahan McDermod ] o 

" Brian O'Cahan McDonnell I 5" 

" Roorye Duff O'Cahan Me- 5' 

I ^ 

Donell o 

Cowie O'Cahan McBrian 
JenkinMcHugh O'Cahan J 
Carberie McCan,* gentleman, 
(grant of land to), in Ar- 
magh Co. 

1613 Shane Crone ) laborers of 
McKeane - Cloghtr, in 
Owen McKeane' 

1615 Philip O'Keine, in Mayo Co. 
1617 James Machen,f of Drum- 

carne, in Donegall Co. 
" James McMakene.f of Do- 

naghdie, in Down Co. 
1617 Ran all boy McDonnell, and 

several other McDonnells. 
Donnogh O'Makin, gentleman, 
of Cloonowen, in Roscom- 
mon Co. 



* Coupled with McKeyne. fThese names are coupled together in a gran t 
''to be free from the yoke of the servitude of Scotland, Ireland, or any 
other nation, and enjoy all the rights and privileges of an English subject;" 



l6o8-!5 OTHER MCKEANS. 187 

In the Carew division of the Calendar of Slate Papers, among 
the gentlemen of the Barony of Guery, is Calloigh McKeen of 
Collonok; and among those of the Barony of Eallaighene is 
Oyne McEnn of Rahendarg; both included in "The Giand 
Panel of the County of Wexford," in 1608. 

In the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, a certain Euphcmia 
McKane appears, quite incidentally, in the following dry extract, 
under date A. D. 1612: "RATIFICATIOUN In favcuris of Maister 
Josua Durie of his pensioun. OURE SOUERANE LORD with the 
aduise of the Estaittis of this pnt. parliament Ratifeis apprevis 
and confirmes The Lettir of pension gevin and grantit Be his 
hienes To Maister Josua Durie Minister at Sanctandrois Ewphame 
m c kane his s'pous and Johnne Durie their Lauchfull sonne Con- 
tening the sowme of Sevin scoir of pundis money of Scotland," 
etc., etc. 

"1612 [Feb.] Alexander Stewart of I.aggarie is debtor in the 
testament of Agnes McKean Commissary Books of Glasgow." 
(Clan Cregor, I., 397. From the "Chartulary." 

"Honestus Kilianus Makkien Scotus civis Bidgcsticnsis 
(Bromberg) sells his garden and shed behind the hospital of 
St. Stanislaus to Michael Normanth (Anglicus vel Scotus) for 
50 gulden (1615)." (Scots in Eastern and Westein Prussia). 

In the Appendix to Vol. III. of the Hist. Notes, about 1615, 
it is stated that "Orgiel, Oriel or Uriel, a large territory compre- 
hending the present counties of Armagh, Louth and Monaghan 
[in the province of Ulster], had for the Names of Chiefs or Septs, 
the McCahens or McCahans. Also that Clan-Bressail [one spelling 
of which now is "Brazil" !] or Le Braskelough on south of Lough- 
Neagh, in barony of O'Neland, was the country of the McCanes 

in short, naturalization papers. Machen has been considered as an English 
name, but it must, sometimes at least, have been one of the Macs. 

There are also no fewer than forty-two McEgans, McKeighans, McKeygans, 
etc., spelled in eight different ways, besides McKavan, McKeveny (coupled 
with McKeyne, McQjyn, etc., but we will spare the reader detailed reference 
to them. Among place-names, however, we may include suggestive men- 
tions of "the said O'Cane's country" in 1608; "a messuage in St. Michan's 
parish near Dublin" in 1610; "Sept of the Carrowes". [Careys]; Cane in 
Wexford Co.; Kilmcowne and CoilniPkeane [McKean's Church?], the latter 
in Roscommon Co., and probably dedicated to the Saint aforesaid; "hospi- 
tal or termoe in O'Cane's country;" "McCan's country" in 1605, etc., etc. 



188 OTHER MCKEANS. 1616-28 

or McCahans. The Calendar of State Papers for 1604 corrobo- 
rates the latter account, defining the Braskelagh as "otherwise 
McCan's country." 

There is a long contract given in the Appendices of Clan Donald, 
II., 768-770, between Donald Macdonald of Glengarry and 
Donald Macdonald of Clanranald in 1616. The latter is described 
in the instrument as Donald McAllane VcEan, also VcEane, 
and when Johne and Rorie are mentioned the last name is plural 
VcEanes: they are of the family of Ilandterim. "Ye hono 11 
persones under writtin" are "allwayes of guid mynd and inten- 
sioun that his maties peas be observit" . . . Each binds him- 
self that he will "in na tyme cuming harme skaithe trubill molest 
nor oppres" the others . . . "under ye paine of four thousand 
punds toties quoties." And after VcEane's signature is the note: 
"above written with my hand at ye pen led by ye notar." Simi- 
lar remarks were often added to old documents, as the hand was 
generally more expert in wielding the claymore or the Lochaber 
axe. In the contract we find VcEan five times, VcEane thirteen 
times, and VcEanes three times. 

Among the Special Inquisitions, (a Section of the Inquis. ad 
Cap., etc.), there is reference in 1621, to Joneta Buchanane, 
wife of John Mackene in Ballaconochie, and co-heiress of John 
Buchanane of the same place, her maternal uncle ("avunculi"). 

Of the Macdonalds of Benbecula, the first was Ranald fourth 
son of Allan IX. of Clanranald, called Raonull MacAilein 'ic 
Iain, about 1625, and the family extended into the igth century. 
(Clan Donald, III., 277). 

In 1627 Mariota and Joneta McKeane are mentioned in the 
Special Inquisitions, as co-heiresses (haeres portionaria) of their 
uncle James Harvey, formerly surgeon to S. D. N. [Our Sacred 
Lady] the Queen [Henrietta-Maria]. It may be stated in passing, 
that the same Joneta was heiress in 1647, of Mariota Trotter, 
her mother. 

And in 1628, under the heading Forfar, Robertus McKein is 
described as the heir of Andrew McKein junior, his brother, in 
one-half [" in dimidia parte"] of 16 librates of arable land called 
Clayhalf, in Montrose: E. i8,y. yd.; land in St. John's croft 
. . . E. i6s. yd.; in Clayhalf and Ouhytberriecroft, in The 
Sandhalf, A. E. i2d. N. E. 4*. 



1631-40 OTHER MCKEANS. 189 

The Inquis. in Off. Rot. Can. Hib. makes mention in 1631, of 
Eliz' Mageon, (which is essentially McKeon), as the wife of 
Maur McObikin Fitzsimons of Knitagh. McCans, O'Cahans, 
O'Caanes, McDonills, McDonnells, and McKegans spelled in a 
variety of ways, appear also. 

In the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, a "Chartour for 
the fishing" may be found in Vol. V., according to which, Charles 
I. in 1631, by letters patent, ordains "ane Societie" with certain 
liberties and privileges in his Majesty's dominions. The charter, 
though very quaint, is too long to quote, but in the list of names 
there occurs a williame m c kene. 

According to the Inquis. ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Ret., in 1632 John 
McKean, merchant, of Edinburgh, heir of Janet Bartane, his 
mother, was seized of a tenement in said burgh. E. 5m[arks]. 

Browne intimates that it was about 1634 that the Clann 
Mhic-Iain Dhuin, dependents of Lord I/orn, took part in a cattle- 
rieving expedition. It is possible they were Maclans of Ard- 
namurchan, though the probability is that the latter men 
affiliated with the MacDonalds of Clan Ranald, their neighbors 
and fellow-members of Clan Donald. (History of the High- 
landers and Clans). 

In 1638 the Inquis. etc., states that Joneta Patersone, spouse 
of Robert McKean, furrier ("pellionis") of Edinburgh, heir of 
Thomas Patersone, merchant, and oldest lawfully born son of 
William Patersone, merchant, his brother, had tenements in 
Edinburgh. E. T>S. \d. 

Turning aside for a moment to London, we find in the Calendar 
of State Papers, that in 1640, Richard Makin, an old servant of 
King James, [and possibly brought with him from "The land 
o' cakes and brither Scots"), petitions the King that Robert 
Wood, "your cormorant-keeper," has long owed him ,633 and 
more for promise of that position, but has given it to another. 
According to the Domestic Papers for this year, Robert R~cd 
writes to Thos [Secretary ?] Windebank that he does not remember 
that he ever saw any resignation of Robert Wood to Mr. Makin, 
but two parchments concerning the businerr, had not been 
signed by the King. The remarkable apparent office of "cormo- 
rant-keeper" might set some persons to wondering whether there 
was an English "sport" in the waters parallel with that of fal- 



IQO OTHER MCKEANS. 1640-44 

conry in the air, coursing on land, etc. ; but probably the word 
above is a misprint for commorant, and the office was therefore 
that of keeper of some residence or palace in the absence of 
royalty. 

Among the Bards of Clan Donald, a certain John the Stam- 
merer may be mentioned with Maclains, as his patronymic con- 
tained no fewer than three, it being Iain MacDhomhnuill 'ic Iain 
'ic Dhomhnuill 'ic Iain Aluinn : he apparently lived from about 
1640 to 1710. It is said, probably without truth, that he could 
neither read nor write, but that his productions were written by 
another, as a wonderful memory imparted them to him. Charles 
II. made him poet laureate in Scotland with a salary of .100 
sterling a year, "which the niggardly Scottish Exchequer reduced 
to ,100 Scots." (Abridged from Clan Donald, III., 570-575). 

In 1643, the Inquis. ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Ret. states that in Dum- 
fries, (which, however, is in the Lowlands), John McKewne was 
heir of John McKewne his grandfather ["avi"], to part of church 
and town lands in Duriadeir. E. los. 

The same work in 1644 resumes that Matheus McKainie (or 
McKame) is heir of Andrew McKainie, his father [mentioned as 
McKaine in 1601] to the lands of Barnald or Barnale in the island 
of Bute. "E. 2$s. ^d." 

In the sixth volume of the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, 
at "Edinburgh the 15 of Apryle 1644," we find that: "The Con- 
vention of estates ordaines the gnall of the Artellerie to delyver 
out of the publict magazen To Sir Williame Cochrane of Coudoun 
for the vse of the srefdome of air Ane thousand muskettis and 
bandelieris* tuo thousand weight of matche And ane thousand 
weight of ball The said Sr. Williame assigneing to the generall 
of the artellerie and his deputtis the contract whereby Alexander 
Maxwell and James McKeane [indexed Macean (Mackean)] are 
bund to delyver to him at Leith ane thousand muskettis and 
bandelieris and tuo thousand weight of matche betuix [this 
date?] and the sevent of May And als giveing band that if the 
merchantis faile That he sail pay the said gnall. of the artellerie 
and his deputtis The pryce thereof at that day for the vse of 
the Publict." 

* A bandoleer was a leather belt and case for the ammunition of muske- 
teers. 



1645-49 OTHER MCKEANS. IQI 

In 1645, (viii Martii), the Acts Pad. Scot, mention Robert 
Mackeane, Burgesse of Edinburgh, as a member (grouped with 
the Barons) of the following Committee: "THE Estates of Parlia- 
ment now conveened ... do hereby nominate, authorize and 
appoint the persons following ... As ane Committee of 
Parliament for Inbringing and distributing of moneys, and for 
regulating of the publike Accounts and Burdens of the King- 
dom, ... To consider and try the yeerly rent and worth of 
the lands and estates of forefaulted persons, . . . and to do 
every thing thereanent as might best clear the trueth, ... To 
consider and try the rights and securities to have been given in 
to them by the Ladies and wives of the forefaulted persons, with 
their supplications, craving the benefit of their rights . . . 
That thereafter sick course might be tane concerning the samine 
. . . Therefore the Estates of Parliament : . . grants . . . 
To the Committee of Estates now nominate, With power to 
them or their Quorum foresaid, to do every thing thereanent, 
as they shall think expedient and most usefull for the Publike, 
in the same manner as the Parliament might have done if they 
were sitting," etc., etc. 

This Rob : Mackeane is also mentioned as one of the two Com- 
missioners of the "Burro we of Edinbrughe;" and in 1648 he 
was a member of a Committee nominated to consider the "great 
and imminent dangers threatning the true Protestant Religion, 
his Majesties Person and authoritie, Monarchicall Government, 
the peace of this Kingdom, and union betwixt the Kingdomes, 
from Papists, Malignants and Prelats, and from the prevalencie 
of Sectaries and their adherents now in Armes:" etc., etc. The 
last probably refers to one of the Covenants. 

Furthermore, the General Index to the Acts Parl. Scot, gives 
several entries about Robert MacKean, but the details do not 
seem to be supplied; possibly portions of Vol. VI. are missing. 
The Index implies that he was in Parliament for Edinburgh in 
1645; gives two references to his presenting a petition In behalf 
of the burgh in that year, and two more that hi 3 conduct is to 
be inquired into before he is allowed to fit in Parliament. 

The same work contains in 1661, a long and circumstantial 
account of certain misdoings in 1649, of a number of persons, 
among whom truth compels us to admit that several McKeans 



192 OTHER MCKEANS. 1649 

of various spellings were included. The specification of this 
raid occupies about four and one-half folio pages, and for quaint- 
ness and showing the canniness of the Scot, it is extremely inter- 
esting; we will only make the following extracts, however: 
"AcT and Decreit in favours of Thomas McKenzie of Pluscardin 
Against M c achan, M c gilreoch M c alaster & others 

ANENT the supplication and lybell given in to his Maiesties 
Commissioner his grace and Estates of Parliament be Thomas 
McKeinzie of Pluscarden Against [many names besides] Donald 
M c ean vie illi glas ther, [there, i. e., of the last place mentioned 
(Stron in this case)], Donald M c ean more Vc govan in Clun, 
Ewyn M c cewn tailyeour ther, . . . Duncan M c kean vc con- 
dachie in Corinach, . . . Johne M c codachie m c ean ... in 
Crathimore, . . . Johne M c donald vc ean ther, Johne McDonald 
vc ean angus in Crachiecroy, Alaster Me William vc can vc ewin 
in Blargiemore, . . . Dougall M c coill vc ean ther [in Cluny], 
. . . Johne M c ean . . . ther [in Cask], . . . Donald M c ean 
vc finlay in Tullochronbie, . . . ffindlay M c can ... in Gar- 
vamore, Archibald M c ean ... in Garvamore . . . Ewin M c - 
ean . . . ther [in Muchgull], Ewine M c cean. . . in Muchgull, 
. . . Donald M c ewyn M c eanyre ther, [of Purie?] . . . Shew- 
ing that the fornamed persones defenders [defendants] in the 
moneth of Junij 1649 robbed and destroyed the supplicant and 
his tennents in the lands of Pluscarden without any order or 
power from any Authority and long after the supplicant had 
ended his capitulation with Leivt Genall [Lieutenant-General] 
David Leslie which wes approven by the estats of Parlia* and 
wes liveing in peaceable and quyet maner Wherby the perse wer 
was damnified in above the summe of fourtie thousand pund 
scots as the availl and pryce of the goods & others vnderwritten 
by & attour the excressent proffeits thairof in maner after men- 
tioned viz 1 Inprimis ther wes robbed & away taken violently 
be the fornamed persons defenders upon the first second third 
fourt & remanent dayes of June or ane or other the yeer of God 
1649 . . . the number of nyntie four labouring oxen, some 
blak, others branded, broun coloured &c. ... ilk ane of them 
worth tuenty pund scots overhead, . . . Item the excressent 
proffeits of the said oxen which they wold have been worth to 
the persewer if they had not been violently robd as said is be 



1649 OTHER MCKKANS. 193 

the space of twelve score work dayes in the yeer at three shilling 
four pennies for the work of ilk ox per diem extends in the year 
for the saids whole four-score fourtein oxen To the sume of ffyve 
thousand sex hundreth and fourty merks inde since they were 
robd now be the space of eleven yeers and sex moneths or therby 
to the summe of sextie four thousand eight hundreth and Sextie 
merks money Item . , . ane hundreth & threttein milk kyne 
with calves of the culours forsaids . . . Item . . . Item more 
the said kyne would have yielded the proffeits vnderwrittin viz 
ilk second year a Calve for ilk kow Extending to ane hundreth 
and threttein calves Wherof the second halff preserved for store 
and breiding and the other calve for sale or slaughter Extending 
. . . Item the other calves ... in the yeer 1653 would have 
proven milk kyne and so would have been worth tuentie punds 
the peice . . . Item the milknes thairof at ten merks the 
peice ut supra [as above] yeerly the yeers 1657. 58. 59 & 60 
extending the saids proffeits to the sum of ... Item . . . 
ffiftie tuo one yeer old stirks whereof tuenty quoyes and thirty 
tuo oxen stirks estimat to four punds the peice overhead, . . . 
And siclyk the saids stirks within three years thereafter would 
have been drawing-oxen in the year 1652 and then thair work 
would have been worth . . . Item . . . nyn English mears 
. . . Whairof three whyt red framed, . . . tuo duplin gray 
. . . one mirk gray . . . another red sand colored whyte 
faced . . . and another blak . . . Item the saids mares 
wold . . . had yielded . . . ane foil every yeer being nyne 
foals which at three yeers old would have been worth . . . 
Item ... in maner abovespeit [above specified] one hundreth 
threescore tuo goats . . . with ane Buck . . . Item the 
proffeits of the saids goats being one hundreth threscore tuo 
kids yeerly . . . Item four sheip . . . the wooll and fleice of 
ilk ane of the said sheip . . . Item . . . the insight & ple- 
nishing of his house such as pots pans bedding and other houshold 
stuff . . . eight ells of plaiding at tuelff shelling the ell ... 
a sword worth eight pund scots . . . his domicills . . . With 
coat & trews & shoes . . . with'four pair of lining sheits . . . 
ten elnes of tartan at threttie shilling the elne . . . tuo sute 
of cloaths . . . tuo gouns with pittiecoats conforme with 
weiring linings worth one hundreth pund scots. Item tuo Eng- 



104 OTHER MCKEANS. 1649-61 

lish hats the one blak the other gray worth ten pund the peice 
with a gold string worth eight punds . . . three fether beds 
three bolsters & sex cods . . . ane boll of ry . . . fyve 
sirlots of malt broune in aill . . . His Maiestie and Estates of 
Parliament Decernes and Ordeans the whole persons defenders 
abovenamed To make pay 1 and delyverance ... of the 
summe of fourty thousand pund seots money . . . the number 
pryces availls & proffeits of the saids goods proven by the oath 
. . . conforme to the laws and practick of this Kingdome in 
all such caces of spuilyie." 

If these unfortunate Scotsmen had to pay, among other imagi- 
nary items, for the prospective milk which would have been 
yielded by eventual cows which would have been developed 
from calves yet unborn, it is no wonder that they sometimes 
showed distaste for the law. 

Another Macdonald Bard, besides the one already mentioned, 
but with two lains in his name, was known patronymically as 
Iain Dubh Maclain 'ic Ailein. He was born about 1650, was 
a prolific writer of songs and ranks high among the Gaelic bards. 
(Abridged from Clan Donald, III., 575, 576). 

The Special Inquisitions (ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Ret.} note that 
in 1656, Rorie McAlister McEan Gig was "heir maill" of Alex- 
ander Makean Gig, his father. [The repetition of "Gig" perhaps 
implies a younger branch of the Makean family, or that Rorie 
was the youngest son of Alexander who was the youngest son 
in the generation before]. 

Donald Macdonald I. of Aberarder, alias Maclnnes Vic Ean 
Duibh of Invervudden lived about 1659; the family existed 
towards the end of the i9th century. (Clan Donald, III., 442). 

In 1661, in Scotland, there was passed an "AcT & Decreit in 
favours of Jeane Countes [s] of Annandale [and Viscountess of 
Stormonth] against the tennents and occupyers of the tuentie 
pund land of Lochmaben." Among other names are those of 
John M c kean in Greinhill and James M c kein ther [in Hietae]. 
The lady complains that the "persons possessors of the saids 
lands presuming vpon want of law & justice Doth altogether 
refuise to mak payment to the supplicant of her rents as heirto- 
fore they have done . . . Wherby the Supplicant is frustrat 
of her aliamentarie subsistence" . . . [On the other hand the 



l66l OTHER MCKEANS. 195 

defendants produced] "ane warrand or order vnder the hand of 
King James the sext of the date the tuelff day of July 1592 
Wherby his Maiestie ordaines the keeper of the Castle of Loch- 
maben to desist and cease from molesting poinding and vseing 
violence against these complainers withinwrin Bot to suffer 
them peaceablie to occupy their roums and possessions without 
any trouble & impediment Together with ane other order super- 
scry ved 'Rex' and subscryved 'James' of the date the [blank] 
day of [blank] 1602 yeers Beareing these words" [in short, that 
the poor tenants of Hietae, Greenhill, etc., were to pay no duty 
nor service "further nor they and their predicessors were in vse 
to pay." Parliament, however, having heard, seen and con- 
sidered the case, decided in favor of the complainant, specifying 
among other particulars]: "The said James M c kean ther for his 
occupation of the saids lands possest be him the said terme of 
witsunday 1658 fiftein punds More be him for his occupation 
thairof yeerly the saids yeers threttie punds . . . The said 
John M c kean ther for his occupation of that parte of the saids 
lands possest be him yeerly the saids yeers Tuentie punds." 

There was also passed in 1661, an "AcT and Decreit in favours 
of Murdo M c clean of Lochbowie against John McAlaster Roy 
alias Campbell & others 

Anent the criminall lybelled sumons raised and pursued befor 
our Soverane Lord and estates of Parliament at the instance 
of Murdo M c cleane of Lochbuie and Lauchlane M c clean of Kal- 
chellie for themselffs and in name and behalff of their kin freinds 
tennents & followers . . . against" [sundry and divers persons 
mentioned, and setting forth that although it had been declared 
to be treason to murder our Lord's lieges] "Nevertheles the 
saids defenders all boden in feir of warre with guns swords bowes 
dorliches culvirines pistolls and other weapons invasive came 
under silence & cloud of night to the lands of Glengarristill 
belonging & perteaning to the said Murdoch M c clean of Loch- 
bowie And ther in the yeer of God 1647 and in ane or other 
of the moneths of the said yeer The saids defenders most cruellie 
& barbarouslie murthered . . . Donald M e angus vie ean . . . 
tennents & servants to the said Murdoch M c clean all liveing 
quyetlie and peaceablie at thair oune homes exerc[is]eing thair 
lawfull callings and vocations." [Parliament having repeatedly 



196 OTHER MCKEANS. 1 66 1 

summoned the defendants, and they proving contumacious and 
not compeirand] "ordaines them to be declared rebells and put 
to the home and all their moveable goods to be escheit & in- 
broght to his Maiesties vse for thair contemption," etc. 

We regret to find that in the same year, among "certain pris- 
oners incarcerate within the tolbuith of Pearth," there was 
one Donald M c ean v c ean, "for alledged breaking & perturbing 
of his Maiesties peace." It was granted that all the prisoners 
should be put "to ane dew and legall tryell, and to execute 
iustice against them for their rextive crymes alledged comitted 
be them in maner forsaid." How Donald expiated the alleged 
crime of perturbing the peace of the somewhat hilarious "Merry 
Monarch," Charles II., is not recorded.* 

The Inquis. (Generates] ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Ret., mention in 
1 66 1, Margaretta McKean, heiress of David McKean, merchant 
of the burgh of Montrose, her father. 

As h is considered a mere aspirate in Gaelic names as in those 
of other languages, we may note the circumstance that in 1662, 
in a very formidable "AcT containing some Exceptions from 
the Act of Indemnitie" by Charles II., is included "John M c hans 



* If a digression is allowable, it may 'be stated that in this volume (VII. 
of the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland,) there is an item which should 
interest every lover of good Scottish song. In 1667 there was appointed 
for the sheriffdom of Nithisdale, a certain Robert Lawrie of Maxweltoun; a 
happy lover has been supposed to sing: 

"Maxwelton's braes are bonnie, Where early falls the dew, 
And it's there that Annie Laurie Gave me her prcmi:e true." 

But that iconoclast Fitz-Gerald, in his generally charming Stcries of Famous 
Songs, tells us too much about this one (II. m-ii6). We are not sure 
that the older McKeans have been sung by name in immortal verse; Ay- 
toun's Widow of Glencoe speaks of MacDonald instead of Maclan, and the 
same is true of Campbell's Pilgrim of Glencoe; Scott's Massacre is impersonal; 
the "beautiful poem" by Angus Macdonald, on the massacre of Glencoe, 
is, we presume, in Gaelic; as is also one of the songs "floating tmorg the old 
people in the Glen [1883], and competed upon the Massacre of Glencoe shortly 
after the event." (Records of Argyll, 428). In the Scottish Pastoral of 
1568, called "Robin and Makyne," (Percy Reliques of Ancient Poetry, or the 
collections of Allan Ramsey and George Bannatyne), the love-sick maiden, 
afterwards so scornful, and who reminds Robin that "The man that will 
not when he may, Sail have nocht when he wald," is probably not a McKyn, 
but a Mai-kin, i. e., little Mary. 



1661-74 OTHER MCKEANS. 197 

tanner ther [in Wigtown] sex hund th pd." The reasons for 
fining John .600, and others in various sums, are numerous; 
perhaps they may be summed up in the having "Assist the 
murderer [Cromwell] in his Usurpation to the Royall Throne 
. . . and sacrificed their homage and alledgeance to that sword 
he caried in his hand smoaking with the blood of that glorious 
Marty re [Charles I.] their oune Native Leidge Lord and King." 
If these fines are paid before a certain date, the persons named 
will obtain full pardon; if not, their estates shall be taken for 
His Majesty's use, etc. 

In 1662, in the County Antrim, Ireland, we learn from the 
Inquis. in Off. Rot. Can. Hib., that "The said Owen McEdmond 
O'Neile did, in his life time, sell and convey the premisses [in 
Bally-Taunaghmore and Drumkeerin and allshiny] unto Glesny 
McKaine, clarke, and his heires, upon condition of redemption 
and payment of 3i/. The said Glesny did, in the year 1641, 
engage in rebellion, whereby the premisses became forfeited." 

A couple of English items may be culled from the Calendar 
of Slate Papers. In i665(?) Capt. Angus Mackany (whose first 
name proclaims him a Scotsman, and whose last has been seen 
to be equivalent to Mackaine), petitions "For supply in time 
of need: has served His Majesty [Charles II.] in the wars, but 
his wounds have brought a palsy and he cannot work." In 
1666 the place of Yeoman of the buttery became void by the 
death of John Mackune. 

The lands of Uthred or Uthried McKean are mentioned in 
some old document of 1672, the title of which the compiler has 
apparently lost. 

Donald McEachan in South Uist witnessed a contract between 
Macdonalds of Clanranald and Glenaladale in 1674. (Clan 
Donald, III., 658). 

It has been suggested that the emigration of William McKean 
of Argyleshire to Ireland, thought to have taken place about 
this time, may be explained by his finding it difficult to remain 
in a neighborhood where the people had changed their religion. 
For Macleay's Rob Roy and his Times states that "At the acces- 
sion of James [the Second, which was in 1685], the people of 
Abertarf were wholly Protestants; but Macdonald of Sleat, 
descendant of the lord of the isles, having also relinquished his 



198 OTHER MCKEANS. 1674-1701 

principles to gratify James, upwards of forty families, chiefly 
Macdonalds in Skye, and the adjacent districts of Knoydart, 
Morar, Arisaig, Sunart and Ardnamurchan, followed the example 
of their chief, and had the same power, it would appear, over 
the consciences, as they possessed over the services of their 
vassals." 

In thelnquis. ad Cap., (subdivision dePossessione Ouinquinnale) , 
there is reference to Gulielmus and Joannes McKeand in 1686, 
"nuper aerarium et nuper balivum," late coppersmith (?) and 
late bailiff, respectively, of Wigtown; who. with others, being 
sworn, say "magno sacramento interveniento," that Master 
William Gordon, Master William Ferguson, etc., are lawful 
possessors of certain lands. [Some say that Magister denotes a 
Cleric; others that it is the title of the eldest son of the chief, 
or of the eldest brother if the chief has no son]. 

The sufferings undergone by the MacIan-MacDonalds of 
Achtriachtan and Inneriggan in the Massacre of Glencoe, Feb., 
1692, and temporary protection from arrest, etc., are mentioned 
in Section III. 

The benevolence of Alastair Ban Maclain Ic Uisdein, tacksman 
of Heiskir, etc., North Uist, in furnishing a galley full of meal 
for the suffering Glencoeman in 1692, has also been alluded to 
in the appropriate place. 

The MacKains, MacKeans or MacKeands of Elgin are de- 
scended from the Maclains of Ardnamurchan, one family of 
that house at least having settled in Morayshire, and several 
members afterwards becoming merchant burgesses of Elgin, the 
first perhaps about 1700. (Clan Donald, III., 553-5). 

In Volume X. of the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, and 
in the year 1701, there is a six-page "RATIFICATION of a Contract 
betwixt the Burghs of Glasgow and Dumbartoun anent their 
rights & privileges to the river of Clyde;" but it only interests 
us because among other names mentioned, is included that of 
James Mackean, one of the "persons of the Common Council 
of the said Burgh" [of Dumbarton]. 

In the Appendix to the same volume, and in the same year, 
appear several addresses to Parliament, more or less largely 
signed, and containing a curious mixture of religion and trade. 
The address from the "Shyre of Dumbartoun" bears, among 



1701-lS OTHER MCKEANS. 199 

other names, that of Thomas McKean of Camsmawn. It sets 
forth that certain "misfortuns and other callamities which of 
late hath befallen us [were due to] the displeasure of the Almightie 
God for the grate immoralities that everie whair abound . . . 
to the dishonor of God and our hollie Religione and debauching 
the spirits ... of the people. May it tharfor please . . . 
Parlement to take some effectuall course for crubing of vice 
. . . maintaining the poor . . . and for the incouradgment 
of our manufactories at home and carving on our trade abrode 
with advantage. And particularlie to lay on such impositions 
on French wyne, and brandie, as may be as effectuall as a pro- 
hibitione ay and whill we be allowed to export our herings to 
France . . . and that all wolen and silke manufactorie from 
England be prohibited" . . . etc. 

Among the numerous signatures to the petition of the Inhabi- 
tants of the City of Glasgow, January 9, 1701, we find that of 
William McKeowne "The Address . . . Sheweth, That . . . 
wee will not be able to subsist in this place, under our present 
Taxes or Stents considering our extraordinary losses dureing the 
late warr. May it therfor please . . . Parliament to make such 
lawes as your wisdomes shall think fit, for the securitie of the 
Protestant Religion and maintaining the Presbeterian Church 
Government as it is now established by law, the incouradgement 
of piety and vertue, the suppressing of iniquity & vice and to 
assert our Companys right to our Collonie of Calledonia in which 
so great a pairt of our stock is imployed, and to give such in- 
couradgement to our manufactures at home that our poor so very 
numberous may be imployed, and to discharge or discouradge 
commerce with these Nationes that refuse our herrings & others 
the product & manufacture of this Natione & to relive us of 
unnecessary Stents & Taxes, And your Petitioners shall ever 
pray." 

A work which we have not seen, The Paper Register of the 
Great Seal, 1590-1707, is said to contain the pedigrees of such 
Scotsmen as served in European armies other than the British. 

Among the names on the Judicial Rental of Sir Donald Mac- 
donald's estate of North Uist in 1718, are the following : Angus 
Mclaian, Patrick McEanduin, Don. M c ilespickvic ean', Don. McCoil 
vicean vuy, Finlay M c ean, John McEan Vayne, Rory McOil vice- 



2OO OTHER MCKEANS. 1718-73 

anduy, John McOil vi c ean vie uinlay, Annable McEan vie 
illimartin ; with lists of places, the money rent generally in merks 
or Scots, and the rent in kind, generally of victfuals], b[utter] 
and meal; also in ells of plaid or blanket. (Clan Donald, III., 
Appendices, 659-662). 

About 1 730, Margaret, daughter of the first Macdonald of Sartle 
married Alexander Macdonald of the Ardnamurchan family 
of Maclan. "This branch probably migrated to the friendly 
territory of the kindred clan Uisdein, when adverse fortune, 
coupled with Campbell machinations, rendered their native 
country unsafe." The son of this couple, Somerled Macdonald, 
was a Captain in the British Legion, "and greatly distinguished 
himself in the first American War." He married a second wife 
at the age of 94, and left three children of this marriage; he 
died in 1839, aged 106. (Ibid., III., 532). 

Roderick Macdonald, V. of Camuscross and Castleton, about 
1734-1790, was known as Ruairidh Maclain, his father's name 
being John. (Ibid., III., 520-522). 

In 1748 an Act was passed by the British Parliament, abolish- 
ing the "Heritable Jurisdiction of the Highland chiefs," i. e., 
the Clan system. This is said to have produced the emigration 
between 1763 and 1775, of twenty thousand Highlanders. An- 
other exodus followed between 1810 and 1850, owing to lands 
being "cleared" for sheep-farms, deer-runs, etc. (Adapted from 
What is my Tartan?). 

Dr. Samuel Johnson made his "Tour of the Hebrides" in 1773, 
and MacLean has noted an amusing incident which may be 
condensed as follows: MacLean of Lochbuie finding that the 
Doctor was related neither to the "Johnsons" of Ardnamurchan 
nor those of Glencoe, exclaimed that he must, in that case, -be 
illegitimate! (Hist, of the Clan MacLean). The sesquipedalian 
reply of "The Great Bear" is not set forth. 

In reference to the view of Loch Achtreachtan, it may be 
stated that in the History of the Camerons and that of the Clan 
Donald, there are several allusions to MacDonalds of the spot 
illustrated, and who were Cadets of the Maclans of Glencoe. 
The former authority states that Donald Cameron of Inverailort, 
married Helen, daughter of Alexander Macdonald of Achatri- 
achtan, Glencoe, with issue eight sons; and Helen, the sixth 



1813 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



20 1 



child of Ewen Cameron of Glenlevis, married, early in the last 
century, Adam Macdonald of Achtreachtan, Glencoe, with sur- 
viving issue, John Cameron, Isabella Jane and Jane Fraser. 

Also, about 1813 there were certain Misses MacDonald of 
Achtreactain, who were great-granddaughters of a Lady Glen- 
levis of whom the following condensed account of a romantic 
incident may be allowable. After Culloden, the Mrs. Cameron 
in question took refuge in a cave, her house having been burnt 
by the troops of the Duke of Cumberland, "The Royal Butcher," 
but was discovered. She refused to tell where she had con- 




LOCH ACH-TREACHTEAN. GLENCOE. 

cealed some old silver plate, but one of the soldiers observing 
that she evidently had something of value in the bosom of her 
dress, cut the latter with the point of his sword, thereby wounding 
her infant son in the neck, for he was her hidden treasure. 
History of the Camerons, 392, 3). Achatriechatan has also been 
mentioned in the Petition of Jo"hn McDonald of Glencoe, in 1695. 

"Other McKeans" of later date in Europe seem few and far 
between, and their records perhaps are not of sufficiently striking 
importance for us to try the patience of our readers any further. 

Of Thomas McKean, The Signer, Member and President of 



2O2 



OTHER MCKEANS. 



1817 



Congress, Governor of Pennsylvania, etc., who died in 1817, we 
need not write, after the minute and admirable account by Mr. 
Roberdeau Buchanan, already referred to, and the copious 
extracts in the McKean Genealogies, but we will take the liberty 
of presenting his portrait here, so that some more of his country- 
men may become familiar with the features of this eminent 
American. 




The compiler will rest from his labors, but not from lack of 
material: it seems as if "Notes" which might be found suitable, 
spring from all manner of sources, and promise to do so almost 
without end, while his eldest son has persisted in sending on 
tempting discoveries, regardless of the injunction: "Hold! 
Enough!" The compiler would suggest to persons who contem- 
plate a history of Kanes, O'Canes and other families whose 



OTHER MCKEANS. 203 

names resemble those forms, that they could not do better than 
consult the Annals of Loch Ce for records of the O'Cathains; 
and any one in search of a picturesque subject could find it 
in Randal McDonnell of Antrim, in some of the other volumes 
quoted in these Notes. 

Industrious workers with moderate means wishing to bring 
into one view a list of modern "sons of John" in the United 
States and other countries, with brief mention of the first name, 
address and occupation, might begin work at low charge in a 
curious and little visited collection of books in New York, known 
as Trow's Directory Library; or, if unable to work there per- 
sonally, can have notes taken by the Assistants there. These 
lists could also be supplemented by examination of many long 
catalogues of names in permanent records or in periodical publi- 
cations. 



GLOSSARY. 



In this connection, a few of the differences between Scottish 
and English writings will be given, as they may assist some of 
our readers : and may be used for the participial termination ing, 
also for ant; es or is for the mark s of the plural ; i for ;', or -vice 
-versa; it for ed in verbs and participles ; oun for on; qu for w; u 
for oo ; u for v in old print, English as well as Scotch; yfor th, and 
z for y; (the two last from their resemblance to Anglo-Saxon 
forms of letters). Uniformity of spelling in names or words, is 
exceptional; and punctuation in the originals, is generally con- 
spicuous by its absence. As to true Scottish words which are 
not defined, Jamieson's and other dictionaries will be found 
useful; see also specimen in Appendix. 



Abbay, abbey. 

Abovespeit, above specified. 

Abown writtin, above written. 

Abowven expremit, above ex- 
pressed. 

Abrichis, plural of name Abrich. 

Acht, Eighth. 

Adhibited, attached. 

Adminiculating the probation, con- 
firming the proof. 



Aduise, advice. 

Aduocat, advocate. 

Advertisement, notice. 

Advysing of the probation, consid- 
ering the proof. 

Aeyr, heir. 

Afald and indowtit, sincere and 
undoubted. 

Aganis, against. 

Aill, ale. 



206 



GLOSSARY. 



Air, Ayr, also heir. 

Airis, heirs; also oars. 

Airt and pairt, accessories and 

participants. 
Aits, oats. 
Als, also. 
Als and alse, as. 
Alsweill, as well. 
Alya, allies? 
Amitted, stained. 
Ane, one. 

Anent, concerning, in reference to. 
Anobill, noble. 

Aperand aeyr, heir apparent. 
Apparent aeyr, heir apparent. 
Apprevis, approves. 
Armourche, Ardnamurchan. 
Asolyeit, absolve, assoilzie. 
Assegeit, besieged. 
Associacns, associations. 
Attour, besides. 
Autyrise, authorities. 
Availl, value. 
Awan, own. 

Awaytuke, taken away. 
Awise, advice. 
Awne, own. 

Ay and while, always and while. 
Aye, ever. 
Aythis, oaths. 

Bairns, children. 
Band, bonds. 
Bandelieris, bandoleers. 
Bandis instantlie to be maid, agree- 
ment immediately to be made. 
Bangs, noisy crowds. 
Bath, both. 
Bayth, both. 
Be, by. 

Bearing, setting forth. 
Beris, shows, bears. 
Beseik, beseech. 
Beyne, been. 
Biorlin, galley. 
Birlinn, galley. 
Blair, plain. 



Bode, an offer of a price, a bid. 
Bodely aythis, personal oaths. 
Bodies, people. 

Bodin, announcing, threatening. 
Boll, a measure of four or six 

bushels. 
Bonnettis, bonnets, highland caps, 

helmets. 

Bordouris, borders. 
Brayach, braw is worthy, excellent. 
Breeks, trowsers, breeches. 
Breme, fierce, also famous. 
Brigancie, brigandage. 
Brim, fierce. 
Brocht be, brought by. 
Broddit aits, sprouted oats. 
Broken and brokin men, belonging 

to a clan broken up, or expelled 

from a clan, or who had broken 

the law. 
Brook or joyse, make use of or 

enjoy. 

Broune in aill, brewed in ale. 
Brud r Jarme, brother german. 
Bund, bound. 
Burgess, inhabitant of a burgh, 

and having full municipal rights. 
Buttery, storehouse for provisions 

or wine. 
By, contrary to. 

Caces of spuilyie, cases of spolia- 
tion. 

Caption, arrest. 

Caution, bail, security. 

Cautioner, one who stands security. 

Chalmeilane, chamberlain. 

Chaptour, chapter. 

Chartulary, record of property in 
a monastery. 

Clannis, clans. 

Clarke, clerk. 

Claymore, a two-handed, double- 
edged broadsword. 

Cleared, made clear. 

Coatt, tabard, herald's coat. 

Cod, pillow. 



GLOSSARY. 



207 



Collegis, colleagues. 

Commorant, residence. 

Conipearan'd, appearing. 

Conipeirand, appearing. 

Coniperit, appeared. 

Competent, belonging. 

Com plena iris, complainers. 

Complicum suorum, their accom- 
plices. 

Composition, modified payment. 

Conquising, conquering. 

Contemption, contempt. 

Contrar of ye sammyn, contrary of 
the same. 

Convocate, convoked, called to- 
gether. 

Creach, a highland raid. 

Credill, cradle? 

Crick, a fine. 

Croce, cross. 

Cropis, crops? 

Crubing, curbing? 

Culverins, very long pieces of early 
ordnance. 

Cum, come. 

Cumand, coming. 

Damnified, injured. 

Dang, dash. 

Dawing, dawn. 

Dearg, red. 

Decern, decree. 

Decreet and decreit, decreed. 

Defenders, defendants. 

Deid, dead. 

De'il. devil. 

Delett out, stricken out. 

Dempster, an official who repeated 

the doom or sentence of a court. 
Deponed, testified, deposed. 
Deputtis, deputies. 
Designed, designated. 
Deulie, duly. 
Deuties, dues? 
Deyn of Morwarne, Dean of Mor- 

vern. 
Direct, directed, addressed. 



Discovery, finding (in law). 

Disorderit, disorderly. 

Displayed coatt, official tabard of 

the herald. 

Dispone, grant, dispose of property. 
Ditment, diction. 
Diuers, divers, several. 
Dorlache, dagger; also bag. 
Dorlich, dagger. 
Double, copy. 
Dowble heirof, duplicate or copy 

of this. 

Doubtit, formidable, redoubted. 
Doyne, done. 
Duellis, dwell. 
Duelt, dwelt. 
Duplin, dappled. 
Durkis, dirks. 
Duvege and glenes, Dunevaig and 

the Glinns. 
Dwelland, dwelling. 

Edr, Edinburgh. 

Elne, ell, the measure, 37 inches 

Scots. 

Ergyle, Argyle. 
Eschaiped, escaped. 
Escheit, escheat, to confiscate the 

estate of. 
Estaittis, estates. 
Euin, eve. 

Excressant, accruing. 
Expede, hastened, expedited. 
Expremit, expressed. 
Eycht, eight. 

Fader, father. 

Farder, further. 

Fencible men, men capable of 

bearing arms. 
Far within, far inland. 
Fermis, farms. 
Fermorer in keatuall, farmer in 

Keathvale. 
Fermour, farmer. 
Feu, duty, rent paid for lands held 

in agricultural service. 



208 



GLOSSARY. 



Fforsamekill, forasmuch (for as 
mickle). 

Find caution, give security. 

Folow, attend. 

For, as. 

Forbears, ancestors. 

Forefaulted, forfeited. 

Forfaulting, forfeiting. 

Forfaulturis, forfeitures. 

Fornamed, aforementioned. 

Fowk, folk. 

Fra, from. 

Freris, friars. 

Friggotts, frigates. 

Frustrat, made void, deprived of. 

Fuiz, son. (Old French). 

Fundin, proving, finding, estab- 
lished. 

Furder, further. 

Gaed, went. 

Gaeidhel, Gaels. 

Gaiff, gave. 

Gailley, galley, large boat. 

Galays, galleys. 

Gert, caused. 

Gillie, servant. 

Gin, if, (given that). 

Glehes, the Glinns, valleys. 

Gnall, general. 

Gossiprede, relationship of a spon- 
sor. 

Gowd, gold. 

Grite nowmer of his ky, great num- 
ber of his cows, kine. 

Grittar, greater. 

Guid, good. 

Gyffand, giving. 

Hagbutis, harquebusses, heavy 

hand-guns. 
Haif, have. 

Hail, whole of, all, entire. 
Haill houssis, all of his houses. 
Had, hand. 
Handit, handed. 
Hatraund, hatred. 



Havand, having. 

Havelie, heavily. 

Hedit, beheaded. 

Heigh, high. 

Heirschippis, ruin, wrecking of 

property. 

Heritable, capable of inheriting. 
Herschip, cattle-raising. 
Hes, has. 

Hes duelt, have dwelt. 
Hethe, has, hath. 
Hienes, Highness. 
HonoH, honorable. 
Horn, horning, put to the horn, 

requiring payment of fines within 

a limited time. 

Hosting, gathering of armed men. 
Hous, house. 
Houssis, houses. 
Hundreth, hundred. 

Ic, 'ic, for vie, son. 

Ilk, each, every. 

Ilkane, each one. 

Impe, (probably e), impend, sus- 
pend over. 

Incompulsit, uncompelled. 

Incuntrey, inland. 

Indorsit, endorsed. 

Indowtit, undoubted. 

Infestimentis, investings with lands, 
ngynis, instruments, engines. 

Insight and plenishings, appoint- 
ments, household furniture. 

Insulands, Islanders. 

Intertenyit, entertained, engaged 
in battle. 

Intromettit, dealing by an agent 
in the property of a principal. 

Inver-, a meeting of waters. 

lugment, judgment. 

Jarme, german (relationship). 
Joyse, enjoy. 
Justiciar, chief justice. 

Keatuall, Keathvale? 



GLOSSARY. 



209 



Kend, known. 
Kirks, churches. 
Knokferguse, Kno^kfergus. 
Kye, cattle, kine. 
Kyn, kindred, kin. 
Kynnismen, kinsmen. 
Kyth, appear, show. 

Laird, lord, proprietor of land, 

landlord. 

La Ruchele, Rochelle 
Lauchfull, lawful. 

Lawborris, security not to injure. 
Lesematie, leze-majesty. 
Lieutenandry, lieutenancy, place 

of a superior. 
Lieges, vassals. 
Liffis, lives. 

Likelie, well-favored, likely. 
Lining, linen. 
Lo, lordships. 
Locumtenant, substitute, holding 

the place. 

Lybell, declaration. 
Lybilled, published. 
Lykmaner, like manner. 
Lyon deputt, deputy Lion- King 

at-arms. 

Maharaja, a Hindoo great prince. 
Macer, macebearer, an officer who 

executes the orders of a court. 
Mailis and maills, taxes. 
Mair, more 
Maist, most. 
Manrent, homage of various kinds 

to a superior. 
Masterfully, by force. 
Maties, majesty's. 
Mears, mares. 
Menes, purposes. 
Mercat, market. 
Merk, Scottish mark, about i~,\ 

cents, former value much greater. 
Milknes, milkings. 
Mirk, dark, murk. 
Missive, letter, sent, writing. 



Monie, many. 

Monrois, Montrose. 

More be him, besides. 

Moritur, dies. 

Morwarne, Morvern. 

Murray, Morayshire or Elgin. 

Murriones, morions, open helmets. 

Nin, Neyn, etc., daughter. 
Nocht, not. 
Notar, notary. 
Nottourly, notoriously. 
Nowmer, number. 

Obleidge, obligate, bind. 
Onis, once. 

Otheris, other (plural). 
Overhead, per head. 
Out, under arms against the gov- 
ernment. 
Owte, Outer (Isles), The Hebrides. 

Pairt, participants. 

Pairtis, parts. 

Parliat, parliament. 

Passand throcht, passing through. 

Passit, went, passed. 

Payt, payment. 

Pearth, Perth. 

Peasche, peace. 

Pees, peace. 

Pene, pen. 

Pensioun, pension. 

Persewed, prosecuted, sued. 

Persewer, plaintiff. 

Pertenying, belonging to, purtain- 

ing to. 
Plas, place. 

Plenishing, household furniture. 
Pnt., present. 

Pntlie, duellis, at present dwell. 
Poinding, tax of a certain rate per 

pound. 

Practick, practice. 
Pranfato, wounding, hurting, (pran 

and facere). 
Prayand, praying. 



2IO 



GLOSSARY. 



Presentis, presents. 

Presoned, imprisoned. 

Principalem, chief. 

Probation,' proof , act of proving. 

Procurator and Procuratour, proc- 

ton,or -solicitor. 
Promit and Promittis, promise and 

promises. 
Publict, public. 
Pundis, pounds. 

Qr, where. 

Q r by, whereby. 

Quhair and Quhar, where. 

Quhen, when. 

Quhome on, on whom. 

Quick, pregnant. 

Quoye, cow. 

Qwhilk, who, which. 

Raisit, served, raised. 

Red, advice. 

Reft, deprived of, bereaved. 

Regior, for regiorum (of royal). 

Remanent, remaining. 

Resett, resetting, ressett; received, 

receiving. 

Reuerend, reverend. 
Rewis, lanes? (rues?) 
Rextive, respective. 
Ruf, roof. 

Sa fer, so far. 

vSadis, said (plural). 

vSafties, safety. 

Saidis clannis, said clans. 

Salbe thocht, shall be thought. 

Samine, sammyn, samyng; same 

(sometimes plural). 
Sanctandrois, Saint Andrew's. 
Sarkis, shirts. 
Sasine, sasyne, seizin, giving legal 

possession. 
Schawes, shows 
Schir, Sir. 
Schyppis, ships. 
Scoir, twenty, a score. 



Seannachaid, bard. 

Sederunt, session (of Parliament). 

Seill, seal. . 

Seised, seized; seized, invested with 

possession. 
Seizin, possession. 
Sekyrness, safety, security. 
Serndle, sendle ; seldom. 
Sennachie, bard. 
Servardis, servants. 
Severall, individual, separate. 
Sevin scoir of pundis, seven score 

pounds. 
Sext, sixth. 
Seyf, self. 
Shealings, shepherds' or drovers' 

rude huts. 

Sicklykeand Siclyke, in like manner. 
Sic subscribitur, signed thus. 
Simpliciter, simply, absolutely. 
Sin,' since. 
Skirl, to shriek shrilly (said of the 

bagpipe) . 

Slachter, slaughter. 
Sornaris, pi. of sorner, these who 

obtain food or lodging by threat. 
Sowme, sum. 
Sowrname, surname. 
Soytour, shoemaker. 
Sparwort, canopy? 
Speale, special? 

Spraig or sprainge, stripe or streak. 
Spuilyie and spuilying, raiding. 

spoiling one of. 

Srefdome of air, sheriffdom of Ayr. 
Stadio, probably for statio, resi- 
dence. 

Statute, enacted by statute. 
Steil bonnettis, steel helmets. 
Stent, assessment for taxing. 
Stirk, heifer. 

Straitit, hard put, straitened. 
Strength, stronghold. 
Strowan, stream, etc., streamy, 

abounding in streams. 
Stuffing, crowding. 



GLOSSARY. 



211 



Subscribitur, signed, written under. 
Subscryveing, subscribing, signing. 
Sumondis, summons. 
Supplicant, petitioner. 
Supplication and supplicatioun, 

petition. 

Surnawm, surname. 
Suthe, truth, sooth. 
Swne, son. 
Swordis, swords. 
Swore, sworn. 
Syne, since, afterward. 

Tack, tacks, leases, steeding-rooms, 

farm-houses. 
Tacksman, lessee or tenant of a 

large landed proprietor. 
Tairgis, targets, shields. 
Takand, taking. 
Tane, taken. 
Target, shield. 
Taxt, contribution. 
Tauld, t9ld. 
Tayne, the one. 
Tent, tainted, also attention. 
Teyndis, tithes. 
Thair, their. 
The Forty-five, the rebellion of 

1745- 

Thenemyes, the enemy (plural). 
Ther, there, at the place last named. 
Thereanent, in reference to. 
Thesaurer, treasurer. 
Thevis, thieves. 
Theyme, them. 
Tho, though. 
Thocht, thought. 
Thre, three. 
Threidis, threads. 

Thrid and thridlie, third, thirdly. 
Throcht, through. 
Thwa or thre schyppis, two or 

three ships. 
Till, to. 
Tint, lost. 
Tocher, dower. 



Tolbooth or tolbuith of Pearth, the 

Perth prison. 
Toshach, military leader. 
Toties quoties, as often, so often, 

each time (the offence is com 

mitted) . 
Toure, tower. 
Tract, duration. 
Tressone, treason. 
Trews, trowsers. 
Tua handit swordis, two-handed 

swords. 

Tutor, guardian. 
Twetching, touching. 

Uaine, green (plaid). 

Umquhile, formerly, late. 

Unce, ounce. 

Unco, remarkably, very. 

Underly, undergo. 

Under trust, confiding, unsuspect- 
ing. 

Utheris their collegis, others their 
colleagues. 

Utherwyis, otherwise. 

Vastation, devastation. 
Vc and Vic, son. 

Wachis, wages. 

Wald nocht compere to folow. 
would not appear to attend. 

Wapenschawings, inspections, wea- 
pon-showings. 

War, worse. 

Ware, wary. 

Warrand, authority. 

Wear and weare, war. 

Weiring, wearing or warring? 

Werray, very. 

Weschell, vessels. 

Whilk, which. 

Wicht awise, with advice. 

Withinwrin, within written. 

Wmquhyill, formerly, late. 

Wncoakit, unconstrained. 

Wnto, unto 



212 



GLOSSARY. 



Wrangwise, wrongful. 
Wrongously, wrongfully. 
Wrychtis, wrights, workmen. 
Wryt and Wrytte, writing. 
Ws, us. 
Wt, with. 
Wther, other. 

Yair awin, their own. 
Yair by, thereabouts. 



Yame, them. 

Ye, the. 

Yeiris and Yeirs, years . 

Yir . . presentis, these . . presents. 

Yis..wryt, this, .writing. 

Yor, your. 

Ys, is. 

Zeir and Zeirly, year and yearly. 
Zour, your. 



APPENDICES. 



THE NAME DONALD. 



Some forms in which the name (Mac) Donald has been written, 
may be of interest. Donald is said to mean "proud chief," 
O'Hart says it is from "world and all," in the sense of "mighty;" 
the Revs. A. Macdonalds say the oldest form is Domvall = Dumno 
Valdos, "a world wielder;" a more commonplace derivation is 
'brown man," or, according to Lower, "brown-eyed." 



McChonell* 


McCoynell. 


McDonell. 


McDouevald. 


McCoil. 


Me Daniel. 


McDoneuall. 


McDouenhal. 


McComnaill. 


McDhomhnaill. 


McDonewaldus. 


McDovenal. 


McConaill. 


McDhonell. 


McDonil. 


McDovenald. 


McConald. 


McDofnald. 


McDonill. 


McDownale. 


McConall. 


McDolfnal. 


McDonivaldus. 


McDownill. 


McConeill. 


McDomhnail. 


McDonnalds. 


McDufnal. 


McConel. 


McDomhnaill. 


Mcdonnall. 


McDuf-njall. 


McConell. 


McDomhnail. 


McDonnell. 


McDuneval. 


McConil. 


McDomnaill. 


McDonnghal. 


Me Dun wall. 


McConill. 


McDomnal. 


McDonnill. 


McKonnel. 


McConnail. 


McDomnaldus. 


McDonold. 


Mcodonill. 


McConnaill. 


McDomnall. 


McDonuill. 


McO'Donnel. 


McConnal. 


McDompnayll. 


McDonull. 


McOdonyll. 


McConnald 


McDonald. 


McDonvalle. 


McOnell. 


McConnail. 


McDonall. 


McDonwal. 


McWhannel. 


McConnell. 


McDonayll. 


McDonyll. 


McWhannell. 


McConnill. 


McDoneill. 


McDopnalde. 


etc., etc. 



The local titles of some MacDonalds. 

i 

These are arranged alphabetically : in antiquity the Ardnamur- 
chan and Glencoe families are respectively, gth and loth in Clan 
Donald, but as MacDonalds they are in the 2nd and 3rd genera- 
tions. 

* The occasional confusion of Conaill and Domhnaill is explained in the 
Annals of Loch Ce, as arising from the aspiration of the first letter of the 
name "Domhnaill," which is hardly sounded in the pronunciation of the 
name, and the attraction over, of the c of Mac. 



2I 4 



MACDONALDS. 



Aberarder. 
Aberchalder. 


Dalness. Lochgarry. 
Drimore. Lundie. 


Achnancoichean. 


Dunach. Macheachan. 


Achtriachtan. 
Aird and Vallay. 
Antrim. 
Ardnabie. 
Ardnam urchan . 


Dunnyveg and the Milton. 
Glens. Morar. 
East Sheen. Murlagan. 
Fersit. Ostaig and Capstill. 
Gellovie. Peninuren. 


Balishan. 


Geridhoil in Uist. Rammerscales. 


Balranald. 
Barisdale. 


Glenaladale. Rigg and Balvicquean. 
Glencoe and Cadets. Sanda. 


Belfinlay. 
Benbecula. 
Bohuntin. 
Boisdale. 


Glengarry. 
Glenmore. 
Greenfield. 
Heisker and Skaebost. 


Sartle. 
Scothouse (and Scot- 
us?) 
Shian. 


Bornish. 


Herraich. 


Sleat. 


Camuscross and Cas- 
tleton. 


Howbeg and Glenuig. 
Inch. 


Staffa. 
Tirnadrish. 


Castle Camus. 


Invercoe. 


Totamurich and 


Clanranald. 
Clianaig. 
Colonsay. 
Cuidreach. 
Culachie. 


Keppoch. 
Killichonate. 
Kilmore. 
Kingsburgh. 
Kinlochmoidart. 


Knock. 
Totscor, Bernisdale 
and Scalpay. 
Tullieb. 
Tulloch. 


Cranachan. 
Dalchosnie. 
Dalelea> v ? 
Dalily > ' 


Knoydart. 
Largie (and Largo?). 
Leek. 
Lochalsh. 


Tullocherom. 
Tynekill. 
Waternish. 
etc., etc. 



RANALD. 

Some forms of the name entering into the title Clanranald, 
which Clan became the refuge of some Maclains of Ardnamurchan. 

Rignold. 
Rinaldo. 
Rinnell. 
Rinnyll. 
Ronald. 
Ronall. 
Ronnald. 
Rynnell. 
etc. 



Raghnall. 


Rannall. 


Reignold. 


Ranald. 


Ranulph. 


Reinald. 


Ranall. 


Ranulphus. 


Reinhold. 


Randal. 


Raonaill. 


Reinold. 


Randell. 


Raoniull. 


Reinwald. 


Randle. 


Raonuill. 


Renaud. 


Randolfo. 


Raonull. 


Renyll. 


Randolph. Reginald. 


Reynaldo. 


Randolphe. 


Reginaldus. 


Reynaldos. 


Randulph. 


Regnall. 


Reynaldus. 


Ranell. 


Regnauld. 


Reynold. 


Rannald. 


Regnault. 


Reynolde. 



O'CAHAN. MCKEANS. 



215 



It may mean "strong ruler," "kingly," or "house-[or red-] 
wolf," according as it is referred to one or other of three alleged 
derivations, for it appears in Teutonic and Latin forms also. 



O'CAHAN. A few variations of this name. 



Cachain. 

Cahan. 

Caichan. 

Cain. 

Caine. 

Cane. 

Gahan. 

Gethan. 

Kane. 



Kean. 


O'Cahaine 


Keane. 


O'Cahan. 


Keen. 


O'Cahane. 


Keene. 


O'Cahen. 


Kyan. 
MacCahan. 


O'Cain. 
O'Cane. 


MacKahan. 
O'Caane. 


O'Canyn. 
O'Cathain. 


O'Caen. 


O'Chan. 



O'Chane. 
O'Kahan. 
O'Kane. 
O'Kean. 
O' Keane. 
O'Keen. 
O' Keene. 
i O'Keine. 
etc. 



Lower gives cain, Gaelic, beloved. Skene considers O'Cane 
equivalent to Cathan or Chattan. O'Hart says the name is 
from cath. battle, and an "one who" [joins in it]; also that O'Neill 
of Tyrone (of the Nine Hostages), is said to be the ancestor of 
the O'Cathains, and he is held to have been King of Ireland 
in the 4th century. The de Caens, de Caynes, de Keynes, de 
Cahaignes, etc., are evidently French and local, i. e., from 
places of those names. 



MCKEANS (?). 

The following Table, compiled from many sources, old and 
recent, will indicate some of the supposed Gaelic and Celtic 
equivalents of the patronymic "Son of John," either in meaning 
or in form. If the various affixes fil, Fitz, O', Vic, etc., and the 
suffixes son, sohn, zoun, ez, ski, vitch, etc., in different languages, 
were added, the list might be greatly extended. 



McAchen (i, 4). 
McAchin (i, 4). 
McAegan (2). 
McAhan (6). 
McAin. 
McAine (3). 
McAkane (i, 4). 
Me An. 



McAne. 

McAnebane (37). 
McAneny? (36). 
McAnn. 
Me Anna (5). 
McAnney? 
McAnroe (18). 
McAntailyour (20). 



McAny (5). 
McAuin (n). 
McAwan (n). 
McAyne. 
McCachane (r, 
McCaghen (2). 
McCahan (6). 
McCahane (6). 



4). 



2l6 



MCKEANS (?) 



McCahen (6). 
McCahin (6). 
McCahn (6). 
McCahon (6). 
McCain. 
McCaine. 
McCainze (7). 
McCame (22). 
McCamey (22). 
McCan. 
McCana. 
McCane. 
McCaney. 
McCann. 
McCanna. 
McCany. 
McCanney (5). 
McCanye. 
McCanys. 
McCanze (7). 
McCanzie (7). 
McCaughan (2). 
McCaughen (2). 
McCavan (8). 
McCavins (8). 
McCawan. 
McCeane (9). 
McCewin (12, 26). 
McCewn, (12, 26). 
McCewntailor (20). 
McChain (10). 
McChan (10?). 
McChann (10?). 
McCheyne (10). 
McCheon. 
McCiochain (i, 2). 
McCoan (8). 
McCoane (8). 
McCon (8, 29). 
McCone (8). 
McConn (8). 
McCoon (8). 
McCoun (8). 
McCowan (n). 
McCowane (n). 
McCowen (n). 
McCowin (u). 



McCown (n). 
McCoyn (8). 
McCoyne (8). 
McCuean (12). 
McCuen (12). 
McCughen (2) 
McCuin (12). 
McCuinn (12). 
McCune (12). 
McCuney. 
McCunn. 
McCuny. 
McEachan (i). 
McEachen (2). 
McEachin (i). 
McEagan (2). 
McEaghan (2). 
McEan. 

McEanair (13). 
McEancheir (14). 
McEandecheir (14). 
McEandoyn (15). 
McEanduy (15). 
McEane. 
McEaney. 
McEanruig (18). 
McEanvoy. 
McEanwiehts (17?). 
McEanyre. 
McEayne. 
McEgan (2). 
McEgane (2). 
McEgen (2). 
McEggan? (2). 
McEn. 

McEnay? (5). 
McEndow (15). 
McEnenane (30). 
McEnereogh (18). 
McEnn. 
McEnroe (18). 
McEoain (n). 
McEogain (2). 
McEogan (2). 
McEoghain (2). 
McEoin (32). 
McEoune. 



McEowen. 
McEvan. 
McEven (8). 
McEvene (8). 
McEveny (8). 
McEwan (12). 
McEwen (26). 
McEwin (26). 
McEwine (26). 
McEwing (26). 
McEwn (26). 
McEwne (26). 
McEwoen ( 1 1 ) . 
McEwyn, (26). 
McEwyne (26). 
McGaan. 

McGachan (i, 2). 
McGachen (i, 2). 
McGachin (i, 2). 
McGahan. 
McGahen. 
McGain. 
McGan. 
McGane. 
McGann. 
McGany. 
McGaun (i i). 
McGavin (8). 
McGawen ( 1 1 ) . 
McGeachan (i, 2). 
McGeachin (i, 2). 
McGean. 

McGechan (i, 2). 
McGeean. 
McGeehan (6). 
McGeehen (6). 
McGeehin (6). 
McGeen. 
McGeeney ? 
McGehan (6). 
McGehean. 
McGeiann. 
McGeihen. 
McGein. 
McGenn. 
McGeon. 
McGeown (n). 



MCKEANS (?) 



2I 7 



McGeyann. 
McGhan. 
McGheen. 
McGiane. 
McGiann. 
McGiehan (6). 
McGien. 
McGin. 
McGing. 
McGinn. 
McGinney? (5). 
McGoane (8). 
McGoens (n). 
McGone (8, 29). 
McGouan (8). 
McGoun (8). 
McGowan (n). 
McGowen (u). 
McGowin (u). 
McGown (n). 
McGowne (n). 
McGuan (26). 
McGuane (26). 
McGuegan (2). 
McGuigan (2). 
McGuighan (2). 
McGuine (12). 
McGuinn (12). 
McGun. 
McGune (12). 
McGuown (n). 
McGyn. 
McHagan. 
McHahan (6). 
McHain. 
McHan. 
McHaney (5). 
McHaon? 
McHean. 
McHegan (2). 
McHen. 
McHon (29). 
McHune (12). 
Mclain. 
Mclaine. 
Mclan. 
Mclanduy (15). 



Mclan voy (16). 
Mcln. 

Mclnabrich (17). 
Mclndie (15). 
Mclndoe (15). 
Mclndow (15). 
Mclndoy (15). 
Mclnerney? 
Mclnery (18?). 
Mclnir (13). 
Mclnnis? (19). 
Mclnroth (18). 
Mclnroy (18). 
Mclnrye (18). 
Mclntaillour (20). 
Mclntailyeour (20). 
Mclntaylor (20). 
Mclnturff? 
Mclntyn. 
Mclnvoy (16). 
Mclonack (33). 
Mclonick (33). 
Mclonin (21). 
Mclonnicke (33). 
Mclyn. 
Mcjain. 
Me Jan. 
Mcjeane. 
Me John. 
Mcjonnin? 
Mcjoyn. 
McKaane. 
McKachane (i, 2). 
McKahan (6). 
McKahin (6). 
McKahn (6). 
McKahon (6). 
McKain. 
McKaine. 
McKainie (5). 
McKainze (7). 
McKainzie (7). 
McKame, 22. 
McKand. 
McKandy (15). 
McKane. 
McKann. 



McKanne (5). 
McKany (5). 
McKauny (23). 
McKavan (8). 
McKayn. 
McKayne. 
McKeachan (i). 
McKeachin (i). 
McKeagan (2). 
McKeaghan (2). 
McKean. 
McKeand. 
McKeane. 
McKeanfoyle (16?) 
McKeang. 
McKeanna (5). 
McKeanne (5?). 
McKeanoig (24). 
McKeany. 

McKeanyeochsoun(a5). 
McKechin (i). 
McKechine (i). 
McKechnie (i, 5). 
McKeegan (2). 
McKeehan (6). 
McKeem (27). 
McKeen. 
McKeenan (30). 
McKeener. 
McKeeny. 
McKeeon (6). 
McKegan (2). 
McKegen (2). 
McKeggan (2). 
McKehan (6). 
McKeigan (2). 
McKeigane (2). 
McKeighan (2). 
McKeighane (2). 
McKeighon (2). 
McKeigney (5). 
McKein. 
McKeine. 
McKeinezie? (7). 
McKeithen (34). 
McKen. 
McKena (5). 



218 



MCKEANS (?) 



McKenane (30). 


McKichen (i). McMakyn (28). 


McKenay (5). 


McKiegan (2). 


McMechan (28). 


McKene. 


McKien. 


McMechin (28). 


McKeneya (5?)- 


McKigan (2). 


McMeekan (28). 


McKeneye (5). 


McKigane (2). 


McMeeken (28). 


McKenna (5). 


McKiggin (2). 


McMeekin (28). 


McKenney (5). 


McKigin (2). 


McMeeking (28). 


McKenny (5). 


McKign (2). 


McMeichan (28). 


McKenroth (18). 


McKikan (4). 


McMeichen (28). 


McKenyee. 


McKim (27). 


McMeikan (28). 


McKenzie (7). 


McKimm (27). 


McMeiking (28). 


McKeoan (n). 


McKitnmie (27). 


McMichan (28). 


McKeochan (i, 2). 


McKin. 


McMickan (28). 


McKeohan (6). 


McKinder (15). 


McMicken (28). 


McKeon. McKiney. 


McOine (n). 


McKeone. 


McKinn. 


McOne (i i, 29). 


McKeoner. 


McKinney (5). 


McOnie. 


McKeonyn (21?). 


McKinroth (18). 


McOwan (i i). 


McKeoun. 


McKithan (34). 


McOwen. 


McKeoune. 


McKoen (n). 


McOwenan (30). 


McKeowane (n). 


McKon (29). 


McOwin (n). 


McKeowen (n). 


McKone (n). 


McOwine (n). 


McKeown (n). 


McKoon (n). 


McOwne (n). 


McKeowne (n). 


McKoun (n). 


McOwyne (n). 


McKethan (34). 


McKowan (n). 


McQuain (12) 


McKeuan (25). 


McKowen (i i). 


McQueen (12). 


McKeune (26). 


McKown (i i). 


McQueeney? 


McKevaine (8). 


McKowne (n). 


McQueine (12). 


McKevan (8). 


McKowyne? (i i). 


McQuen (12). 


McKeven (8). 


McKuen (12). 


McQuenn (12). 


McKeveny (8). 


McKuhn (12). 


McQuewan (26). 


McKevine (8). 


McKune (12). 


McQuhan (6, 26). 


McKewan (26). 


McKunn (12). McQuhen (6, 26). 


McKewen (26). 


McKyan. McQuhenze (6, 7). 


McKewin (26). 


McKygan (2). 


McQuhin (6, 26). 


McKewn (26). 


McKyn. 


McQuhune (6, 26) 


McKewne (26). 


McKynna (5). 


McQuhyn (6, 26). 


McKewonan? (30). 


McKynne (5). 


McQuigin (2, 12) 


McKeygan (2). 


McKynny (5). 


McQuin (12). 


McKeyhone (6). 


McLean? (35). 


McQuinn (12). 


McKeyn. 


McMachan ('28). 


McQune (12). 


McKeyne. 


McMachen (28). 


McQuoin (n). 


McKeynie (5). 


McMachin (28). 


McQuown (n). 


McKhan. 


McMakane (28). 


McQuoyn (n). 


McKian. 


McMakene (28). 


McQuyn (12). 


McKianny (5?). 


McMakin (28). 


McQuyne (12). 


McKichan (i). 


McMaking (28). 


McQuynn (12) 



MCKEANS (?) 219 



McShane (31). McUin (26). 

McShawn (31), etc. McUine (26). 

MclJeen (12). McUny (26?). 

McUen (26). McVcane (28). 



McWaen (i i). 
McWay ne ( 1 1 ?) . 
McYeone (11?) 
etc., etc. 



i. ch is often silent; Kechin is also said to be one of the forms for Hector 
2. When not from Eoghain, Owen or John, it is sometimes perhaps from 
eoghain, a young warrior; but g and gh are often silent, as in Geogheghan 
Callaghan, etc., so that these names may belong here; the McEgans "may 
be the clan Aedhagain," but that appears to be simply Hugh-Owen; Ea- 
chann is also said to mean a lover of horses. 3. As a female name, this is 
a form of Hannah. 4. Possibly for McO'Kane,- such combinations were 
not unknown. 5. McAnna, McKenna, etc., like McAny, McKany, etc.? 
McKechnie is said to be son of a horseman ; McKenna is claimed to be from 
ionach, a dirk, but under date 1550, we have mention of Makkany of Ardna- 
murchan, which points to McKane, "the son of John." 6. h being an aspi- 
rate or breathing, is negligible in many names. 7. z was often written for 
y, so that these forms may have been originally the same as McEany, Me. 
Keany, etc.; the spellings McCanye, McKenyee, etc., give color to this 
theory. 8. It may be questioned if these names should be included, as they 
may be derived from caomhan, a noble person; and yet the T in Dovenald 
was softened to / in Dofnald, and (with w in some forms), dropped in Donald; 
besides which, if taken to be forms of McEvan, they have right of entry 
by meaning, if not form. 9. r hard, like k, though possibly Anglicized in 
some cases to McSeney, etc.; the list from 1545 to 1604, note h, shows that 
McCeane is equivalent to McEan, McEane, and, McEwne. 10. Perhaps 
soft, and pronounced McShane, which, however, also means "son of John." 

11. Apparently McOwen, "son of John," though some are claimed to belong 
to class 8, and McGowan and its corruptions may mean "son of the smith. '' 

12. A few of these are said to be from ceann, a head, but may, occasionally 
at least, be spellings of McEwan, etc., meaning "son of John;" Queen has 
been given as equivalent to Sweene, (Norwegian, Sweyn) ; and Quin is said 
to be from Irish, Con. 13. Shortened to McNair, McNeir, etc.? 14. Indexed 
Keir [or Kerr], and would probably now be written with a hyphen, McEan- 
Keir. 15. Must be for McKean Dow, the dark. 16. Probably Mclan Boy, 
the yellow (haired?). 17. Mclan Abrich? From residence in Lochaber. 18. 
McKean Roy, the red; one family of Mclnroy has "a lymphad in full sail 
sable," in the arms; McEanruig has been corrupted into McHenry. 
19. Mclnnis, McGinness, etc., are also said to be from MacAonghais, 
or Angus; or else from a word for island. 20. One old Index explains Mc- 
antailyour as "McAn, tailor," but Mclntailyeout and McCewntailor also 
appear, so they may denote marriage alliances, which wouldjiow be hyphen- 
ated, McKean-Tailor, etc. Some Camerons were known as Maclntaylors 
afterwards Taylor, and descended from a celebrated warrior-tailor in the 
i6th century. 21. These may be nuasi English forms of a diminutive, 
22. Appear as alternative forms of McCane and McKane, under the dates 



22O AN OLD DOCUMENT. 

1557 and 1601. 23. Probably another name, now spelt McConaughy, Mc- 
Conichie, etc., and meaning "son of Duncan?" 24. McKean oig would be 
the younger, or the son; therefore the grandson of Ian, and equivalent in 
form to O'Cahan, O'Kane, etc. 25. This extraordinary combination seems 
to mean Mac-Ian-oig-son, i. e., the great grandson of John. 26. McEwan, 
and see 12. 27. We have noted in 22, that m and n are sometimes interchange- 
able here, as in other names. 28. Possibly equivalent in some cases to Mc- 
McKane, such forms were met with occasionally; the McMahons, etc., 
probably mean "son of the bear," there was also a Saint Michan. 29. 
o long. 30. an as a Celtic termination sometimes means an individual, or 
"one who" (possessed the attribute, etc., expressed in the rest of the name). 
31. McShane, Shaen, Shean, Shine, Shawn, etc., are Irish forms of (the son 
of) John. 32. Eoain equals Hoan or John. 33. Perhaps from ionach, a 
dirk. 34. th sounded like h. 35. We have seen under date 1411, that Mac- 
Clean, McLean, etc., was originally MacGilla-Eoin, the "son of the follower 
of (Saint) John." 36. May be from eineach, affability. 37. Bane, yellow 
(haired?). 

AN OLD DOCUMENT. 

In Clan Donald there are reproduced several charters and 
letters which are only a little less mysterious to the ordinary 
layman than some of the Egyptian papyri recently made familiar 
to us. 

The Washington collection alluded to in our Introduction 
also contains some interesting reproductions of old writings. 
We wish we could photograph a certain document among those 
in the Register of the Great Seal of the Kings of the Scots, and 
produce it in exact fac-simile, in order that our readers might 
see a short and much easier specimen of legal writing of the 
times in question. The reproduction of a copy in script, on 
the following page, may give some idea of what the genuine 
student of some ancient documents should be prepared to en- 
counter; and when the writing is on curled, mouldy, torn parch- 
ments; in obsolete languages, and in the differing hands of 
numerous scriveners, each of whom had his peculiarities, "short 
cuts" and abbreviations in the performance of his more or less 
perfunctory duties, we may well be grateful for the learning, 
patience and skill exercised by modern scholars, to give us so 
many interpretations which can be " understanded of the people." 

Our specimen follows, first as in the original, next without 
abbreviations, and lastly translated into modern legal English. 



AN OLD DOCUMENT. 221 



MCCC vi _ *v. 0. MGCCCXXI y. 

c^Ctrt^/yjt^^ tX<rv*y-~ ^-t-m-c. -*Vf. I. J5~. 



L<jxx-i, 



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^ 

First. Expanding the foregoing to eliminate the old legal 
contractions, and using modern letters and punctuation, it 
becomes : 

"Carta Willielmi Maceoune. 

Robertus [dei gratia Rex Scotorum] et cetera. Sciatis nos 
dedisse, concessisse, et hac pra?senti Carta nostra confirmasse 
Willielmo dicto Maceoun dilecto et fideli nostro pro homagio et 
servicio suo, decem libratas terre cum pertinenciis ; que fuerunt 
Ingerami Cnouut et Johannis de Weston, in tenemento de Mer- 
tone. Tenende et habende dicto Willielmo et heredibus suis de 
nobis et heredibus nostris in feodo et hereditate; libere quiete 
plenarie et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus, commoditatibus, 



222 AN OLD DOCUMENT. 

aysiamentis et justis pertinenciis suis. Faciendo inde nobis et 
heredibus nostris dictus Willielmus et heredes sui servicium 
debitum et consuetum tempore bone memorie domini Alexandri 
Regni Scotise [Regis Scotorum?] predecessoris nostri ultimo 
defuncti. In cujus rei [testimonio ?] et cetera." 

Second. Which, beginning overleaf, may be freely translated 
as follows: 
Register of the Great Seal of the Kings of the Scots; preserved 

in the Public Archives. A. D. 1306 A. D. 1424. 
Register of Robert the First. Roll I., Section 15. Roxburgh- 
shire. 

"Charter of William MacEoun. 

Robert, [by the grace of God King of the Scots], etc. Know 
ye, that we give, grant, and by this our present Charter do con- 
firm to our beloved and faithful the said William MacEoun for 
his homage and service, ten librates* of land with the appur- 
tenances; which belonged to Ingeramus Knowtf and to John 
of Weston, in the tenement of Merton. To the said William 
and his heirs to hold and to have from us and our heirs in fief 
and heirship; in free, full and honorable quiet; with all their 
privileges, benefits, easements and lawful appurtenances. The 
said William and his heirs henceforth rendering to us and our 
heirs the service owed and customary in the time of the lord 
Alexander King of Scotland, of good memory, our predecessor 
lately deceased. In testimony whereof and so forth." [we have 
caused the Great Seal to be attached?]. 

As this is one of the first documents in the reign of Robert 
Bruce, its date can not be far from 1306; it is certainly older 
than 1329, the end of said reign. 

Third. Those who are in doubt whether Maceoune could be 
an old form of McKean, are probably correct, and yet they may 

* The exact extent of a librate is probably unknown at present; some 
writers say any amount free (libera) from services to the superior; others 
affirm that it is so much land that the yearly value of it amounted to nomi- 
nally one pound (libra) of silver in weight. When it is added that land 
measurements and pound values differed in Scotland, England and in some 
shires of each, the uncertainty may be appreciated. See Dove's Domesday 
Studies and other Works. 

t This looks like Knut or Canute, a Danish rather than a Scottish name 
and probably became Knott in more modern times. 



AN OLD DOCUMENT, ETC. 223 

be reminded that the Mac seems evident, though this would be 
one of the earliest instances of that spelling, ancient documents 
(Celtic ones at least) being oftener found with "mic," denoting 
son. (But note Donald McCan, 1305). Passing to eoune, which 
we would now write Eoune, critics will remember that every 
Scottish spelling of a town ("ton" in modern local names) was 
in old times toun, i. e., oun is equivalent to on. If, furthermore, 
we conclude that the final e, which is not written but indicated 
by the mark over the n, was either silent, or was a concession 
to the ending of a supposed genitive or dative case in the Latin 
version of the name, we might, if other circumstances did not 
forbid, feel tolerably assured that Maceoune equals McEon, a 
spelling of McKean which may be found in old lists, modern 
directories or other collections of names. 

It should be stated however, as possibly bearing upon the 
name in the foregoing document, that in the Registrum Palatinum 
Dunelmense [The Register of Richard de Kellawe, Lord Palatine 
and Bishop of Durham], four bulky octavo volumes in Latin, 
1311-16, there is a petition in 1314,, of Ralph le Maceon and 
Emma his wife, relative to lands in Seggefeld ; but there again 
the "le" before this name, (which was also spelt about that 
period, Macoon, Machun, Macun, Mascun, le Massun and de 
Mazun), and the persons and lands being in England, indicate 
a different family in the latter case, apparently one of those 
now called Mason. 

Before leaving the Charter given above, the subject of abbre- 
viations may be alluded to: a short list of the most common 
ones occurs in the Introduction to the Rotuli Litterarum Clausa- 
rum,* and 130 pages in double-column can be found in Vol. IV. 
of the Reg. Pal. Dun., just mentioned; but the thorough searcher 
should be familiar with The Record Interpreter by Chas. T. Martin, 
(London, 1892), and perhaps with Court Hand Restored, by 
Andrew Wright. 

* Close Rolls, i. e., documents of a private nature, as opposed to Patent 
or public records. 



224 MUSIC. 

Music. 

The Macdonalds' Gathering has five stanzas of eight lines each ; 
the part which may interest our readers is : 

"Gather, brave clan Donuil, 

Many sons of might you know ; 
Lenochan's your brother, 

Auchterechtan and Glencoe." 

The hereditary bards or pipers of the Glencoe chiefs appear 
to have borne the surname of Iain Fraoch's mother, Mac- 
Eanruig, Anglicized to MacHenry or Henderson. One of them, 
in the time of Montrose is said to have written a famous March 
for the Stewart Clan: "We will take the Highway," and known 
later as The Sheriffmuir March. 

There is not much to be said in introducing the following 
Lament. It is No. n in the volume of sixty-one "Ancient 
Pibrochs" compiled by Aonghas MacAoidh (McKay) in 1838, 
but the "History" promised at the end of the volume, consists 
only of a short description of the valley of Glencoe, an allusion 
to the massacre, and a declension to describe the latter. The 
air alone is given, without accompaniment, that being supposed 
to be furnished by the drones, three tubes each producing one 
sustained note (two small ones tuned a fifth below E of the 
chanter, and the larger one an eighth) : the chanter is the finger- 
pipe upon which the tune is played. The Gaelic musical term 
crumlua(th) denotes a finishing, quick movement. 



LAMENT. 



225 



MURT GHLINNE A COMHANN. 

The Massacre of Glencoe 



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CRESTS, MOTTOES, ARMS, ETC. 



A few heraldic data may be found of interest: they are chiefly 
from Maclan's Clans of the Scottish Highlanders, Fairbairn's 
Crests, Burke's General Armory, Skene's Highlanders of Scotland, 
Adam's What is my Tartan? and O'Hart's Irish Pedigrees. 

Burke gives the arms of three families of McKcans, one of 
Edinburgh, one of Scotland and one of England. Fairbairn also 
gives three crests for McKeans, two Scotch families and one 
English; they are, a cat, a dog and a talbot (an heraldic dog), 
each sejant or sitting; with the motto for the last, J'ai bonne esper- 
ance (I have good hope). Perhaps the reason for selecting a dog, 
was an old idea that the name, exclusive of Me, was from a Gaelic 
word meaning dog, accepted in its heraldic or noble sense, as repre- 
senting faithfulness and bravery. This derivation is probably 
erroneous, though the word kene signifies daring, bold. Our 
illustration comprises the mottoes of several houses, the bearings 
of the two indicated, and two McKean crests. We have heard 
of a McKean of that ilk, (whose surname and the name of the 
estate were the same), but have no particulars. 

MacIan-MacDonald of Glencoe bears: Ar. an eagle displayed 
gu. surmounted by a lymphad sa. sails furled and rigged ppr. 
in the dexter chief a dexter hand couped of the second. Crest. 
A raven perched on a rock az. ; another MacDonald has : on a 
rock inflamed, a raven sa. Motto over, Cragan an Fhathich, 
otherwise Craggan an fhithich, (The raven's crag) ; another 
branch has for motto: Sure. The MacDonalds of the Isles, of 
Glengarry and of Keppoch have coats very similar to the above, 
but the tinctures or colors, and some minor points, differ slightly : 
thus the shield is or instead of argent; the lymphad [long-fada] 
of Burke, (and which in Scottish heraldry is a biorlin or galley), 
has the yard squared for The Isles, while the others have it 
"cock-billed;" (a nautical sign of grief and therefore appropriate 
enough for Glencoe) ; in the sinister chief a cross crosslet fitchee* 
of the third for Glengarry, which also has for Supporters, Two 




MacDonald of Glencoe, 




Of the Isles Glengarry. 





230 HERALDIC NOTES. 

bears each having an arrow pierced through the body all ppr. 
Motto: Per mare, per terras, (By sea, by land). The old arms 
of the Lords of the Isles were: quarterly ist and 4th, sable, three 
battle-axes or, 2d and 3d, gules, three biorlins or large Highland 
boats of antique construction. McDonald of Moydart (Captain 
of Clanranald) has over the crest (which is a castle, etc.) My 
hope is constant in thee, referring to the tradition that Bruce 
made this avowal to the Lord of the Isles at a crisis in the battle 
of Bannockburn, (see Scot's Poem) ; below the shield, the war- 
shout : Dhandeon co Heiragha, or Dhandheoin Cotheir-aidh e, (In 
spite of all opposition, or In spite of who would gainsay). Some 
authorities, however, give the McDonald war-cry as : Fraocheilan, 
(The Heathery Isle), and. the March Dhonuill Dhui. Mc- 

Donald of Largie has over the crest, (which is an arm, dagger, 
etc.), Semper pugnare paratus (Always ready to fight) ; below the 
shield, Pro P atria (For Country). He of Dumfries has for 

motto: 7 beir the bel, (I am first or leader, I bear the bell). 
MacDonald of Lockhart has a boar's head erased, and the words : 
Corda serata pando, (I open hearts locked up), alluding, possibly, 
to the story of the heart of Bruce (locked in a silver case) being 
brought back to Scotland after the unsuccessful effort of Douglas 
to carry it to the Holy Land, and which was done by a Lockhard, 
who thence assumed the name Lockhart. Other MacDonalds 

have the mottoes: Pro rege in tyrannos, (For the King against 
tyrants), and Victoria vel Mors, (Victory or Death). And 

still another, who has for crest the Holy Bible, expanded, ppr., 
says: Coelestia sequor, (I follow heavenly things). The badge of 
the MacDonalds, and also of the Glencoe-men, (See entry for 
1678), is Fraoch gorm, erica vulgaris, the common heath. 
McDonnell, Earl of Antrim has the motto :Sero sed serio, (Late, 
but in earnest). McDonnell of the Glens of Antrim, of the Clan 
Ian Vohr, Viscount Dunluce, bears for arms: Or, a lion rampant 
gu., and for crest an arm, etc., in hand a cross crosslet, fitched 
gu. For motto, he and MacDonald of Durham have Toujours 

* This cross with a very long and pointed stem, could be used as a walking- 
staff, or, being stuck in the ground, was adapted for devotional purposes. 
Tradition states that a MacDonald adopted it in consequence of his carrying 
Saint Patrick over to Ireland in a boat: the Saint, however, belongs to the 
4th century, while MacDonalds, under that name at least, do not appear 
until long after. 



HERALDIC NOTES. 231 

pret, (Always ready), one branch retaining the archaic spelling: 
Tout jours prest. O'Hart writes that the MacDonnells of Antrim 
(Route and Glynnes) went from Ulster, settled in Scotland, 
where they were generally called MacDonalds (of the Isles, etc.), 
and some returned to Antrim, and formed alliances by marriage 
with the O'Neills of Tyrone, the O'Donnells of Donegal, the 
O'Kanes of Derry, etc. Another MacDonald of Ireland has 

a talbot's head, az. He of Connaught bears the motto: His 
vinces, (By these Conquer), the plural referring no doubt to 
both the galley and the cross in his arms; the latter device, 
sometimes called the Cross Calvary, is in Scotch blazonry a cross 
"degreice," and in English, "degraded," both terms being from 
the French degres, i. e., with steps, three, in reference to the 
Trinity. The MacKains of Elgin, descended from John Mac- 
Iain of Ardnamurchan, have on their shield a demi-eagle, to 
which the motto evidently refers: "Le Tout Ne Vaut Pas La 
Moitie," (The whole is not worth the half). The McKeowns 

of Ulster have for crest: An arm embowed in chain armor, the 
hand holding a sword, blade wavy all ppr. 

Most of the clans had distinctive pipe-music ; some MacDonalds 
possessing a Gathering, Salute, March and Lament. The Glencoe- 
men retain only the Lament " Mort Ghlinne Comhann" 
(Massacre of Glencoe). 

The O'Cahan crests are A cat-a-mountain rampant, ppr., and 
also salient. The cat borne by one of the McKeans indicates 
another point of connection between the three names mentioned 
in these Notes. The motto is Felis demulcta mitis, (The stroked 
cat is gentle). And the cat perhaps shows Skene to be right in 
connecting the O'Cahans with the Clan Chattan and their cele- 
brated motto: Touch not the cat but [without} a glove. 

Heraldry, however, is as much out of date as Clanship, though 
the former has furnished many a "wise saw." And a McKean 
may now, as in auld lang syne, be cheered with the noble motto, 
even in an alien tongue : i HAVE GOOD HOPE. 



POSTSCRIPT. 



Having acknowledged indebtedness for literary material 
used in the compilation of these Historical Notes, there remains 
the pleasure of expressing obligations to the efficient helpers 
who have worked upon the mechanical portions of the book. 

Mr. George Gibson (of Gibson Brothers) is well known for 
good work in a long career as printer, book-binder, etc. ; his 
manager Mr. Jos. L Shipley has a happy faculty of causing 
difficulties to vanish, and the proof-reader, Mr. H. Rule, has 
been very correct in occasional intricate passages; Messrs. Robert 
Gibson and George Mellis, foremen respectively, of the composing 
and press rooms, and Mr. E P. Homer of the bindery, have 
been painstaking and skilful; the industrious workers of various 
departments also have my sincere thanks, as well as the pleasant 
people in the office. 

The Maurice Joyce Engraving Company have skilfully managed 
the illustrations of different kinds, and yielded their better judg- 
ment to my persistence in retaining the "Charts" in their reduced 
size to avoid folders: their representative, Mr. Edw. E. Wilson, 
has been willing and courteous, and their artist, Mr. Benson 
B. Moore, has responded to request. 

The M. Silverberg Company have shown patience in cutting 
and preparing the tartan, and expertness in mounting it, meeting 
difficulties which had not been anticipated. 

J. L. Shoemaker and Company of Philadelphia have done 
much towards carrying out the design for the cover. 

Last but not least, my wife has detected in time, several glaring 
errors which had escaped notice, and has made not a few useful 
suggestions. 

To those named and others, I owe gratitude for the efficiency 
and cheerfulness which have lightened my closing labors, and 
have brought the latter to an end. 

THE COMPILER. 
1220 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVENUE, 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



INDEX. 



FOR SUB-HEADINGS, see BATTLES AND SONGS. 



Abbreviations, 223. 

Aberach McGregor, Patrick, Chart 
III., 181. 

Aberigh, Slaight-Ean-, 168. 

Abrach, Abrachson, (Glencoe Mac- 
lans), 44, 86, 87, 88. 

Abrach or Abroch, John, X. of 
Glencoe, 103; called Macdonald, 
103. 

Abrachs, John Maclan, Two, one 
a Glencoe man, the other a 
MacLean, 1431, 168. 

Abrachson, John; Glencoe Chiefs II. 
to VI., 44, 88. 

Abrich, Donald Bowie MacIainVic 
Iain Oig Viclain, 103. 

Abrochsoune, John of the Isles, 89. 

Abrycht, John Og MacAne, 93. 

Account of Clan Maclean, by a 
Seneachie, 50, 66. 

Accounts of the Lord High Treas- 
urer of Scotland, 44, 169. 

Achtriachtan, 102, 109, 112, 130, 139, 
146, 181, 198, 200, loch 201. 

Acknowledgments, vi, vii, and post- 
script. 

Acta Dominorum Concilii, 169. 

Acts of the Lords Auditors of 
Causes and Complaints, 169. 

Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, 
55, 63, 95; Index, 97; Acts, 105; 
Index in; Acts, 114, 117-124, 
!35 Z 79! Index, 180; Acts, 187, 
189, 190, 191; Index, 191; Acts, 
196 note, 198. 

Aidan, 21, Chart I A. 

Alan Breck, 154. 



Alexander, III. of Ardnamurchan, 
36-38. 

Alexander Joannis, V. Lord of 
Ardnamurchan, 42, 43 ; of the 
Council of the Isles, 42; called 
Alexander McCane of Ardnamer. 
cho, 42; daughters Fynvola and 
Mariota, 42; a man of consid- 
erable influence and power, 42. 

Alexander Maclain, VII. of Ardna- 
murchan, 53-62; died before 1538, 
55-57- 

Alexander Maclain, XII. of Ardna- 
murchan, 74. 

Alexander, XI. of Glencoe, (Alastair 
Ruadh), 103-105. Allaster Mac- 
Iain Abraich to remain in Edin- 
burgh, 104; killed by Campbells, 
105. 

Alexander, XII. of Glencoe, 105; 
escapes from Tolbooth of Invera- 
ray, 112; word picture of the 
Chief and his men, 116; praise 
of "Maclan," 117; signature of 
"Macdonald," 120; decree of 
forfeiture against, 120; Mckean 
alias Mcdonald elder of Glencoe, 
121 ; Macean 'alias Macdonald 
elder of Glenco 124, 125; just 
too late to take the oath, 126; 
but it is administered, 127; cer- 
tificate erased, 127; MacEan of 
Glencoe, 127; Maclain, 129; shot 
in the massacre, 132; M'Ean of 
Glenco, 132. 

Alexander McDonald, XIV. of Glen- 
coe, 148; joined the rebellion 



INDEX. 



of 1715, 149, 150; pardoned for 
same, 150; joined Prince Charles, 
1745, 150; member of his council 
of war, 150; commanded the clan 
at Preston-pans, 150, 151; Cullo- 
den, 153; excepted from amnes- 
ty, 154; children, 154. 

Alexander Macian or MacDonald, 
XVI. of Glencoe, 157. 

Alexandrum de Hyle, 29. 

Alisaundre des Isles, 29. 

Allegorical painting of Macdonald 
of Glencoe, R. R. Mclan, 133. 

American Cyclopaedia, 81. 

Anathema of the Breeks, no, note. 

Ancestors, Chart of the Early, 18. 

Angus Mor MacDonald, 28, 31. 

Angus Og MacDonald, 28, 31, 32, 33. 

Angus Og second, of the Isles, 
assassinated, 42. 

Angus, II. of Ardnamurchan, the 
first Maclain, 36. 

Anna or Agnes O'Cathanor O'Kane, 
28, 32. 

Annals, Hailes, 23. 

Annals of Loch Ce, 38, and note, 
42, 46, 170, 203, 213, note. 

Annals of Ulster, 46, footnote. 

Annie Laurie, 1667, 196, note. 

Antrim, Randal McDonnell of, 203. 

Ardenmuirich, 56. 

Ardmurquhane, 56. 

Ardnamercho, 56. 

Ardnamourach, 56. 

Ardnamurch, 56. 

Ardnamurchan, vii, Maclain of, 
34-83; seal, 34; meaning of, 34; 
description of, 34; given to Iain 
Sprangaich, 34; lists of the chiefs, 
35; Iain, 35; Angus, 36, 37; a man 
of considerable importance, 36; 
Alex. Joannis, 42, 43; John Mak- 
ane, 43-53; Makkane, 48, called 
Macian, Macdonald and Mac- 
Iain, 50 ; Mariot or Mariota, 5 1 ; 
Macian tombstone, 53; Alex- 



ander, VII, 53-62; Argyle in- 
trigues for lands, 51; Queen Mary 
grants lands to Argyle for 12 
years, 55, 56; 12 spellings of 
Makane and 9 of Ardnamurchan, 
56, 61, etc.; Clan Ian of, 71 note; 
Macdonnells of, 71; Mac Donalds 
f> 73, 75; become Sea Rovers, 
76; Clan Ban, 76, Eane, 76; 
clan ceases to exist as territorial 
family, 77; tombstone of the last 
Maclains, 82, 83; place mentioned, 
116; J. Makain of Ardnamur- 
quhan, 147; 164, 198, 200. 

Ardnamurchane, 56. 

Ardnamurquhan, 56. 

Ardthornish, 41, 42, 62. 

Argyle, Ergayll, etc., the shire, 
Earl, Lord Lorn, etc., 21, 24, 25, 

3i, 32, 43, 44, 46, 51, 53, 54, 55, 
56, 63, 67, 68, 69, 71, 73, 81, 84, 
90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, ioo, 
101, 103, 107, 108, in, 115 signa- 
ture; 125, 128, 129, 150, 162, 169, 
171, 179, 196 note. 

Armourch, 56. 

Art or Arthur, Chart I A., 19. 

Aruicht (Clan Mackane), unruly, 

97- 

Athole, Earl of, 178, 179. 
Auld Reekie, 104, note. 

Baliol, John, 34, 35. 

Baronage of Scotland, Douglas, 
Chart III, 89, 182. 

Battles: Bannock burn, 1314, 31, 
32; North Inch, 1396, 167; Har- 
law, 1411, 36-38; Inverlochy, 
1431, 39-41; Park, 1488, 43; 
Flodden Field, '1513, 49, 50; 
Blar Leine, 1545, 57; Inverlochy, 
1645, 1 08; Mulroy, 1687, 113, 
114; Killiecrankie, 1689, 78; 116- 
118; Sheriffmuir, 1715, 149, 150; 
Preston-pans, 1 745, 1 50, 151; 
Culloden, 1746, 152, 153, 158. 



INDEX. 



235 



Bishop of the Isles, 57, 61, 62, 178. 
Blackwood's Magazine, 113, date 

1706, 125, 138 note, 142 note. 
Blair of Athole, 122. 
Blue Bonnets over the Border, 

Scott, 109. 

Bond of Association, 119, 120. 
Bonnie Dundee, Signature of, 115. 
Book of Clanranald, Chart I A., 90. 
Border Clans, Dixon, 63, 101, 166. 
Borthwick, Robert, gunner, 1513,49. 
Bows and arrows, 49, 101, 112-114 
Breadalbane, 112, 113, 125, 126. 
Breadalbane March, 134. 
Breeks, Anathema of the, 1 10, note. 
Bride of Lammermoor, 155 note. 
British Chronologist, 151, 153. 
Bruce, 25, 31, 35, 36. 
Bruce's Address, 31. 
Burns' Poetical Works, 31. 

Caichan, 20. 

Cairpre Liffeacher, Chart IA., 19. 

Calendarium Rotulorum Patentium, 
185, 186. 

Calendar of State papers, 57, 58, 
60, 61, 78, 108, 165, 166, Ireland; 
1 66, 170, 171; Carew Section, 177, 
178, 184, 187; Cal., 188, 189; Do- 
mestic, 189; Cal., 197. 

Camerons, 68, 85, 87, Chart III., 
92, 94, 107, 112, 115, 116, 117, 
119, 120, 123, 126, 149, 154, 157 
and Chart III., 168, 184, 201. 

Campbell (Argyle) and others, 45, 
5i, 53, 54, 55, 56, 62, 63, 67, 69, 
70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 83, 85, 89, 
92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, Ergyle, g8 ( 
99, loo, 102, 103, 105, 107, 108 
113, 127, 129, 132, 134, 150, 154, 
155, 160, 178, 179, 200. 

Canadian Magazine, 157. 

Carew section of State Papers, 177^ 
178, 184, 187. 

Carnegies, 36. 

Cartan, Chart I A., 20. 



Celtic Scotland, Skene, 90, 162, 215. 
Century Dictionary, 91. 
Chart I A. Early Ancestors, 18. 
Chart IB. The Clan Donald, 26. 
Chart II. Maclains of Ardnamur- 

chan, 37. 

Chart III. Maclans of Glencoe, 89. 
Charter of William MacEoun, 1306? 

220-223. 
Chartularies, etc., of St. Mary's 

Abbey, Dublin, 165. 
Chisholms, 150. 
Chronica Majora, Matthew of Paris, 

23- 

Chronica Roger! de Hoveden, 23. 

Chronicles of Scotland, Pittscottie, 
49- 

Clancayn (Maclan) of Ardnamur- 
chan, 61. 

Clan Cholla, afterwards Clan Don- 
ald, 1 6, Chart I A. 

Clan, Definition of, 71, note. 

Clan Donald, (Book), vii, x, 15, 16, 
17, Chart I A., 19, 20, 22 note, 24, 
25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 39, 
4i, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 
5i, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 60, 61, 
62, 6.3, 6s, 66, 67, 68, 69, 73, 74, 
75, 76, 77, 78, 85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 
9 1 , 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 108, 109, 112, 116, 120, 
125-130, 132, 146, 149, 153, 15^, 
X 57. I 59, i6c>i 168, 170, 179, 180, 
181, 182, 188, 190, 194, 197, 198, 
200, 213, 220. 

Clan Donald, Chart of the, 26, 27. 

Clan Ean of Ardnamorachin, 35, 76. 

Clan Gregor, (book), 94, 95, 104, 
112, 148, 180, 182, 187. 

Clan Gregor (MacGregors), 93, 95, 
97, death to bear the name; 98, 
100, 101, 103; "Chartulary," 104 
and note; 107, in, 112, 119, 148, 
150, 181, 182, 187. 

Clan Gunn, Maclain first, Johnson 
later, 7. 



236 



INDEX. 



Clan Neill, 181. 

Clanranald, 42, 47, 57, 58, 61, 65, 

67, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 91, 107, 
139, 151, 170, 180. 
Clanronald Family, (Book), 149. 
Clans as they once existed, no 

longer lawful, 162. 
Clans of the Scottish Highlanders, 

Maclan, no, 228. 
Clans of the Scottish Highlands, 

Logan, 32, 87, 89, 135, 158. 
Clan System abolished, 174S, 200. 
Classical Dictionary, Lempriere, 165. 
Cochrane, Sir Williame, 1644, 190. 
Coilmckeane, McKean's Church (St. 

Michan?), 187, note. 
Coke upon Littleton, 85. 
Colla Uais, 17, 18, Chart IA., 19. 
Colrane, Coolrane, Coleraine, 185 

and note. 
Commission to inquire about the 

slaughter of Glencoe, 136-146; 

recommendation, 142-146. 
Comyns, 32. 

Conn Cetid-Chathach, 16. 
Conn of the Hundred Battles, 16, 

Chart I A., 1 8. 
Cormac, Chart IA., 19. 
Court Hand Restored, Wright, 223 
Covenanters, 113, 191. 
Crests, Fairbairn, 228. 
Cromwell's Remembrances, 1534, 

171. 
Croniques . . . de la Grant Bre- 

tagne, de Waurin, 164. 
Culloden Papers, 132. 
Curse of Glencoe, 155. 
Curse of Scotland, 1 26, note. 

Dalness, 102, 146, 161, 181. 

Dalrymple, Master of Stair, 115, 
1 20, 126 and note, 127, 128, 129, 
132, 138, 142, 143, 144, 151. 

Danish and Norwegian invasions, 16. 

Debait of North Inch, 167. 

Decree of forfeiture against many 



persons, including M^kean alias 
Mcdonald elder of Glencoe, 120- 
125- 

Description of Glencoe, 134, 135. 

Dictionary of National Biography, 
85, 158. 

Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, 
Brewer, 23, 126 note. 

Diplom. Regior. Indices, Tytler, 38. 

Domangart, Chart I A., 20, 21. 

Domesday Studies, Dove, 222, note, 

Dominus O'Cane, 1603, 185. 

Donald Balloch's rebellion, 39, 40. 

Donald Brec, Chart I A., 21. 

Donald Dhu, or Dubh, 60, 90, 91 
92, 93- 

Donald Mac Mhic Eoin, X. of Ard- 
namurchan, killed his nephew; 
killed in his turn, 68. 

Donald of the Isles, 28, 58. 

Donald, the Clan, Chart IB., 26, 27. 

Donald, The name, 213. 

Dr. Samuel Johnson, 1773, 200. 

Duke of Cumberland, about 1813, 
201. 

Dunaverty Castle Rock, Kintyre, 
25, 3i, 45- 

Dundee (Viscount), signature of, 
115; supported by Highlanders, 
115; letter mentioning Glencoe, 
116; decreet of forfeiture against, 
120-125, 149, 153- 

Dunnyveg, Dunyvaig, etc., and the 
Glinns, 39, 44; Sir John of, arrested 
by Makane of Ardnamurchan for 
treason, and hanged, 44; 46, 47, 
48, 51, 56, 60, 61, 63, 69, 75, 78, 
93, ii2, castle 168, 181. 

Dunyvaig Castle, Isla, illus., 168. 

Early Ancestors, Chart of the, 18. 
Early Ancestors, Section I., 15-33. 
Early Metrical Tales, Laing, 38. 
Early races in Scotland, 15, 16. 
Eccl. Antiq. Reeves,' 170 note. 
Elspeth Ros, Supplicaticun of, 105, 
106. 



INDEX. 



237 



Emigration between 1763 and 1775; 

also between 1810 and 1850, 200. 

Emigration of William McKean of 

Argyleshire to Ireland about 1674. 

197. 

Emigration on account of religion, 
78, etc. 

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 19, 24, 
108, no note. 

Ensign of heath, 113. 

Eochaidh, Chart I A., 20. 

Ere or Eric, King of Dalriada, 
Chart I A., 20. 

Essays on English Surnames, Low- 
er, 213, 215. 

Ethach, Chart I A., 21. 

Explanation to subscribers of Mc- 
Kean Genealogies, v. 

Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, 169. 

Fair Maid of Perth, Scott, 167. 

Farquharsons, 107. 

Fenian exploit, 91. 

Fergus, Chart IA., 20, 22. 

Fergus, Lorn and Angus, Chart I A., 

16. 

Finales Concordise, 165. 
Firearms in use in the i6th century, 

101. 

Flodden (Battle of), 1513, 49, 50. 
Florencia, of the Spanish Armada, 

65 note. 

Flowers of the Forest, 50. 
Fraoch, The Heather, vii. 

Garb of Old Gaul, viii. 
Gauran, Chart I A., 20, 21. 
Genealogies, McKean, in America, 

C. McKean, v, vi, 163, 164, 202. 
Genealogy, etc., of Ancient Scottish 

Surnames, William Buchanan, 35. 
Genealogy of the McKean Family 

of Pennsylvania, 20, 185, note. 
General Armory, Burke, 228. 
General Bond, 63. 
Gentlemen of a Clan, 133, 151. 



Geography of the Clans, Johnston, 

150. 

Gillebride, Chart I A., 24 and note. 
Gilledamnan, Chart IA., 24. 
Glencoe, vii, 32, Maclans of, 84-163; 
John Abrachson of, 44, Clan Ian 
of, 71, note, MacDonalds of, 70, 
73, 78, 84; A Smith is Laird, 84; 
clan Ian Abrach, 85; not much 
known of early history, 86; the 
lands, 86; not called MacDonalds 
till 1617, 87; Clann Mhic Iain 
Ghlinne Comhann, 87; eight John 
Abrachs, 87; Argyle tries to evict 
the chief, 90, Glencoyne, 90; sup- 
port Donald Dhu, 90, terror to 
their neighbors, 94, 97; Glencone, 
97; Glenko, 99; in the front line 
at Inverlochy, 108; probably at 
Worcester, 109, in, 112; in 
government service, 113; 156; 
mentioned in Dundee's letter, 
116; word-picture of Glencoe and 
his men, 116, 117, in Bond of 
Association, 119; decree of forfeit- 
ure against, 120; Massacre of, 125- 
132; allegorical representation of 
a Glencoe-man, 133; Commission 
to inquire into slaughter, 136-146; 
Parliament finds King's instruct- 
ions no warrant for the execution 
of the Glencoe men, 137, and that 
their slaughter was a murder, 138; 
portrait of John, XIII., 147; 
protection given the clan, 146; 
relief from distant isle, 146; 
changed religion, 148; in rebel- 
lion of 1715, 149; pardoned for 
same, 150; joined Prince Charles, 
1745, 150; at Preston-pans, 150, 
151; refused to avenge their 
wrongs on Stair, 151, 152; Cul- 
loden, 152, 153, 158; Curse of 
Glencoe, 155; 76th regiment at 
Yorktown, 156; estate disposed 
to trustees, 157; conveyed back 



2 3 8 



INDEX. 



to next heir, 157; a lady as head 
of the House, 158; her son sells 
the estate to Hon. Sir Donald 
Smith in 1894, 158; Major Dun- 
can Cameron Macdonald is XX. 
in line of descent, 160; passage 
of pipers through the Glen, 160, 
1 6 1 ; monument to the chief who 
fell in the massacre, 161; present 
inhabitants of the Glen, 162; 
music of Lament, 224-227. 

Glencoe, Description of, 134, 135. 

Glencoe, Massacre of, Lament, 224- 
227. 

Glencoe, Pass of, illus. 100, 128, 129. 

Glencoe, Scene of the massacre, 131. 

Glencoe, Views in, 100, 128, 129, 
131, 141, 161. 

Glengarry, 57, 58, 73, 99, 107, in 
note, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 119, 
121, 124, 126, 130, 149, 150, 151, 

154, 171- 

Glenlyon, Campbell of, 94, 129, 130, 
145, 148, 151; Curse of Glencoe, 

155- 
Glenurquhy, Campbell of, Chart 

IB., 93, 94, 179- 

Glossary, 205-212. 

Godfrey, Chart I A., 22. 

Graham, Viscount Dundee, 115 sig- 
nature, 116,117,120-125, 149,153. 

Grant of Culkabok, 171. 

Grant of Freuchie, 93, 94, 171, 177. 

Grameid, heroic poem, Philip, 116. 

Hail to the Chief, Scott, 134. 

Hamilton, Duke of, 123. 

Hand at ye pen, 57, 182, 188. 

Hanging in olden times, 63. 

Heath, ensign of, 113. 

Heraldic Notes, 228-231. 

Heralds, Albany and Rothesay, 122, 
123, 125- 

Heritable Jurisdiction (Clan sys- 
tem) abolished, 1748, 200. 

Highland Clans, Keltic, 108, 109, 
"3- 



Highlanders and Highland Regi- 
ments, Stewart, 8, 113, 157. 
Highlanders of Scotland, Skene, 

228. 

Highland Host, 113. 

Highlands of Scotland, Lang, 162. 

Historical Account of lona, Mac- 
lean, 79, 81. 

Historical Notes, Tindal, etc., 147, 
187. 

History of England, Macaulay, 95, 
125. 

History of Ireland. Keating, Chart 
IA. 

History of Scotland, Lang, x, 44, 
46, 50, 51, 63, 87, 91, 170. 

History of Scotland, Robertson, 70, 

7i- 

History of Scotland, Tytler, 67. 

History of the Camerons, Macken- 
zie, 42, 45, 68, 86, 94, 112, 115, 
117, 154, 157, 168, 177, 184, 200, 

2OI. 

History of the Chisholms, 1 50. 
History of the Clan MacLean, J. P. 

MacLean, 31, 32, 43, 47, 50, 54, 

60, 62, 66, 67, 73, 74, 79, 90, 200. 
History of the Highlanders and 

Clans, Browne, 64, 108, 116, 150, 

151, 157, 168, 189. 
History of the Highlands, Skene, 

114. 

History of the Macdonalds, Mac- 
kenzie, 87, 151. 
History of the Western Highlands, 

Gregory, 60, 88, 102. 
Holy Rood of Scotland, 55, note. 
Horning, or being put to the horn, 

66 note, 180, 183. 
House of Stewart, the Clanian 

supported the claims of the, 107. 
Hundred Battles, Conn of the, 16, 

Chart I A., 1 8. 
Hundred Rolls, 166. 
Hunting party of the Earl of Mar, 

149. 



INDEX. 



239 



Iain Abrach, (Old) John, VII. of 

Glencoe, 91-93. 
Iain Fraoch, John of the Heather, 

vii, Chart IB., 28, 86 and note, 

Abrach, 87, 88, Chart III. 
Iain Mhoir Clann, the Isla Mac- 

donalds, 167. 
Iain Sprangaich, The Bold, vii, 

Chart IB., 27, 28, Ardnamurchan 

given to him, 34; first chief, 35; 

his offices and dignities, 35. 
'ic Iain Aluinn, Iain MacDhom- 

hnuill 'ic Iain 'ic Dhomhnuill, 

1640? poet laureate in Scotland 

to Charles II., 190. 
'ic Iain, Raonull MacAilein, 1625? 

1 88. 

Ilandterrum, 179. 

Illustrated London News, 128, 131. 
Inquis. ad Cap. Dom. Reg. Retorn , 

176, 181, 183, (Spec.), 188, 194; 
(Gen.), 189, 190, 196: (de Poss. 
Quin.), 198. 

Inquisitionum in Off. Rot. Cane. 

Hiberniae asserv. Repert. 184, 189, 

197. 
Inscription on house in Glencoe, 

148. 
Inverlochy Castle, illus., 39; 108, 

177, etc. 

lona, 32, 51, 61, Ycolmkill, 62, 

illus., 80; description, 79, 81. 
Ireland, History of, Keating, Chart 

IA. 
Irish Pedigrees, O'Hart, 24, 213, 

215, 228. 
Islesmen and Islanders, 40, 50, 60, 

Insulans, 61; 67, 77, 79, 117. 
Isles, Title Of the, 59, note. 

J'ai bonne Esperance, 228. 

James VI., King of Scotland, 66, 68, 

69, 189. 

Jamieson's Dictionary, 205. 
John Abrachson of Glencoe, 88, 

Chart III. 



John McEan, IV. of Ardnamurchan, 
Chart II., 38-42; in rebellion, 39; 
at Inverlochy, 39, 40; rewarded 
with lands, 41. 

John, VIII. of Ardnamurchan, 62- 
66; A man of importance, 63; 
John Mckane to deliver up host- 
ages, 63; attempt by MacLeans 
to murder him, 63, 64; 65; died 
about 1591, 66. 

John Mac Allister Vclain, XI., Ard- 
namurchan, 69-74. 

John Mor Tanistear, Chart IB., 39. 

John of the His, utherwyis Abroch- 
soune, 90. 

John Og or Oig Maclain, IX., Ard. 
66, 67; McAne, 66; released from 
the horn, 66; an able man, 67; 
witness to a lease, 67 ; surety for 
Keppoch, 67; murdered, 68. 

John XV. of Glencoe, 154-157; es- 
tate restored, 154; Macian left an 
only son Alexander, 157. 

Kennedy, Sir John, 169. 

Kenneth MacAlpin, Chart I A., 22. 

Keppoch, Chart IB., note 26, 45, 67, 
89, 96, 105, 107, 112, 113, 114, 
115, 119, 126, 149, 150, 151, 154. 

Killiecrankie, Views of, 118; pass of 
Gilliechrankie, 122. 

King of the Isles, 23, 26. 

King William III., 136. 

Kitty of Coleraine, 185, note. 

Lament, Massacre of Glencoe, 224- 

227. 

Landed Gentry, Burke, 148. 
Last Jacobite Rising, 150. 
Last Macdonalds of Isla, Fraser- 

Mackintosh, 35, 44, 48, 51, 56, 59 

note, 64, 66, 75, 83, 168, 178, 181, 

182. 

Law Dictionary, Black, 179 note. 
Lawrie of Maxweltoun, Robert, 

1667, 196, note. 



240 



INDEX. 



Legend of Montrose, Scott, 95. 
Leslie, Lt. Gen. David, 1649, 192. 
Letter of Dundee, 116. 
Letters from the Mountains, Mrs. 

Grant, 156. 

Librate of land, 222, note. 
Local titles of some MacDonalds, 

214. 
Lochaber, the place and the axe, 

Chart IB, note 26, 32, 39, 40, 69, 

86, 87, 112, 114, 115, 116, 126, 

I 55, 1 75 note. 
Lochalsh (Donald and Alexander 

of the His of) 43, 44, 45, 50, 51, 90. 
Lochiel, Cameron of, 68, 184. 
Loch Leven, 135, 136, etc. 
Lord of the Isles, Poem, Scott, 32, 

41, 228. 
Lords of the Isles, 17, 23, 25, 28, 31, 

32, 35, 35, 39, 4*. 43, 44, 5, 57, 

58, 59 and note, 60, 61, 87, 90, 168, 

170, 228, 229, 230. 

MacAlpin, Kenneth, 844-850, Chart 

IA., 22. 

MacAne Abrycht, John Og (i), 
VIII. of Glencoe, 93-96; M^ane- 
brych (Maclan Abrich), John 
Oig, 95; mckane of Avricht, Mac- 
keane Awricht, 95, John, killed 
by Stewarts, 96. 

Macayn, Reymund, of Bordeaux, 
1258, 166. 

MacBeth, 81. 

Macdonald, Archibald Maxwell, XIX. 
of Glencoe, sold the estate to 
Hon. Sir Donald Smith in 1894, 
158. 

Macdonald, Duncan Cameron, XX. 
in the line of descent, 1894, a 
Major in the British Army, 159, 
1 60. 

Macdonald, Ellen Caroline Mac- 
pherson, head of the House, and 
XVIII. of Glencoe, died 1887, 158. 

Macdonald, Ewen, XVII. of Glen- 
coe, 1814-1840, 157, 158. 



MucDonald position in battle, 32 
152. 

MacDonalds, viii, 24, 27; of Ardna- 
murchan and Glencoe, 28; war 
involving all the MacDonalds, 62 ; 
of Keppoch, 67; of Ardnamur- 
chan and Glencoe, 73, etc. 

Macdonalds' Gathering, 224, 231. 

MacDonalds, Local titles of some, 

2\.\. 

Macdonalds, see also Clan Donald, 
(Book). 

Macdonnels of Antrim, Hill, 71, 75. 

MacDougals, Chart IB, note 6. 

MacEachens, 1 5th century, 1 70. 

MacEan, viii, 39, 75, 97, 98, 127, etc. 

Macean alias Macdonald elder of 
Glenco, 1690, 124. 

MacEanruig or MacHenry of Glen- 
coa, 85, 87, in, 219, note, 224. 

MacEoin, son of John; Bissett of 
the Glinns, Ireland, 1512, 170 note. 

MacEoun? William, Charter, 1306? 
221-223. 

Machson, Agnes and Ellen, 1534, 
171. 

Miclain, Alexander XII. of Ardna- 
murchan, a minor, 1611, 74; clan 
led by his uncle Donald, 74; re- 
sists the Campbell clan, 75; in 
open rebellion, 75; driven to Clan- 
ranald's country, 76; received 
compensation for his claims, 77. 

Maclain, Catherine, 1497, 47, an- 
other, 1 70. 

Maclain, Donald, Tutor of Ardna- 
murchan, 74, MacEan, 75. 

Maclain Diiibh Mhic Alastair, Al- 
laster, of Achtriachtan, 1611, 181. 

Maclain Daibh, Allan, end of i6th 
cent., 182. 

Maclain Duy, Allan Dow, Allastair, 
Angus and John Og, 102. 

Maclain 'ic Ailein, Iain Dubh, 1650? 

194- 

Maclain 'ic Sheumais, Domhnull, 
1585, a warrior-bard, 179. 



INDEX. 



241 



Maclain Ic Uisdein, Alastair Ban, 

1692, 198. 

Maclain, John, 1692, 129, 130, 132. 
Maclain, Ruairidh, 1734, 200. 
Maclain Vic Innes, Alastaii, 1592, 

1 80. 
Maclan, viii, 17, 42, 49; the artist, 

85, 133, 158. 

Maclan, Alexander, of Glengarry, 
50; another, 1513? 170. 

Macian and Macdonald, ix., 50. 

Maclan Chathanaicb, Alastair, 170. 

Maclanduy, a Cameron of Lochiel, 
1603, 184. 

Maclan, Eachin, 167. 

Maclan MacAlastair, Alastair, of 
Glengarry, 1548, 171. 

MacIan-MacDonald, John, XIII. of 
Glencoe, 135; escaped from the 
massacre, 132; petition for re- 
dress in property destroyed, 139- 
142; portrait, 147; protection 
given the Chief and others, 146; 
changed the religion of the Clan, 
148; died 1714, 148. 

Macian of Ardnamurchan, Alex- 
ander, 1545, 60. 

Macian or MacDonald, Alexander 
XVI. of Glencoe, 157; disposed 
the estate to trustees, 157; died 
1814, 157. 

Maclan's family piper, MacEanruig 
or Henderson, in, 224. 

Maclans of Elanterim, 180. 

MacKains, MacKeans, MacTIeands 
of Elgin, 198, 231. 

Mackan, Rory, Baron of the Ex- 
chequer, 167. 

MacKane of Aruicht, 97. 

MacKann, O'Chane, 178. 

Mackans or McCan's country, 177, 
187, note, 188. 

Mackany, Capt. Angus, 1665? 197. 

Mackayn, 1532, 171. ) The same 

Mackayne, 1532, 171.) man. 

Mackean, James, Common Council- 
lor of Dumbarton, 1701, 198. 



Mackeane Awricht (Clan Ian of 
Glencoe), 95. 

Mackeane, Robert, Burgesse of Edin- 
burgh, 1645, 191. 

Mackeane, Rob : Commissioner, Mem- 
ber of Parliament, etc., 1645, etc., 
191. 

Mackeane Tartan, no. 

Mackene, John and Joneta, 1621, 
188. 

Mackene, Radulphus de, i3th cen- 
tury, 165. 

Mackenzie, (yie), 43, 73, 81, 83, 114, 

1 20, 192. 

Mackeyn of Ardnamurchane, Alex- 
ander, 1545, 57. 

Mackinnon, 150. 

Mackintosh, 36, 40, 113. 

Mackintoshes, Chart IB, note 27; 36, 
112, 113, 114, 167. 

Mackune, John, 1666, 197. 

MacLaurins, 88. 

MacLean (s), etc., Chart II., notes 
10, 12, etc., 36, 38, 41, 50, 54, 57, 
58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 
68, 70, 73, 75, 79, 81, 87, Chart 
III., note 15, 90, 91, 92, 102, 119, 

121, 124, for Mackean 147; 149, 
152, 154, 158, 168, 179, 195, 200, 
220, note and see Hist, of the 
Clan. 

Maclean, MacClean, McClane, etc., 

from MacGilla-Eoin, Son of the 

follower of John, 38. 
Macleod of Lewis and Raasay, 5 1 ; 

of Dun vegan, 180. 
Macleod of Macleod, etc., 75, 81, 116. 
MacMillan's Magazine, 154. 
Macpherson (s) 83, 114, 172 note, 176 

note. 

MacQuarries, 81. 

Mageon (McKeon?) Eliz', 1631, 189. 
Magiane, John and Nicholas, 1605, 

i So. 

Maine, Chart I A, 22. 
Makaane, Alexander, of Glengarrie, 

177 



242 



INDEX. 



Makaane de Ardnamurchane, 1550, 
56. 

Makachane, Thorn, 1497, 170. 

Makan, fined about 1230, 165. 

Makane-bayne, Donald, 172. 

Makane-bayne, Wil. McPatrick, 172. 

Makane-bayne McKey, Duncan, 172. 

Makane-boy, John Mcldonich, 172. 

Makane de Ardnamurchane, 56. 

Makane-duffe, Neil, 172. 

Makane, John, VI., (Macian or 
Maclain) 1493-1518, 43-53; per- 
haps the greatest of the clan, 43; 
children, 43, 44; Bailie in Isla, 
44 ; arrested Sir John of Dunny- 
veg, 44; two sons killed in Ire- 
land, 46; marriage of daughter 
Catherine, 46, 47; John intimate 
with the King, 47, 48; receives 
lands, 48; at Flodden 49; re- 
dress to, 50; killed at Sunart, 51; 
buried at lona, 51; tombstone, 

53; 170, 171- 

Makane McDonill, Malcolm, 172. 

Makane McNele, Dugall, 172. 

Makane, Thomas, 1495, 169, 170. 

Makane Vckvicar, Donald, 172. 

Makane-voir Vekeller, Duncan, 172. 

Makayn, Reymund, 1257, 166. 

Makayn, 1532, 171. 

Makayne, Donald, 1594, 181. 

Makcane, Wil., 172. 

makeane, alexander, 1531, 55. 

Makeane de Ardnamurchane, 56. 

Makeane Maknele, Neil, 172. 

Makean Oig, Alexander, 1656, 194. 

Makene, Alanus and Paganus, 1 272 ? 
167. 

Makene, James, councillor at Mon- 
trose, 1592, 180. 

Makeni, Rad' and Thomas de; and 
Cecilia, 165. 

Makeyn, Donald, 1245? 165. 

Makeyn, Raymond, 1249, 166; Mak- 
eyn de La Ruchele, 166. 

Makin, Richard, wants position of 
"cormorant keeper," 1640, 189. 



Makkane of Ardnamurchane, John, 
1506, 48. 

Makkany de Ardnamurchane, 1550, 
56. 

Makkeine, Joneta, 1595, 181. 

Makkeine, Willelmus, 1595, 181. 

Makkien, Honestus Kilianus, (Sco- 
tus), 1615, 187. 

makmakyn (MacMakane), duncain , 
1478, 169. 

Manner of compiling, ix. 

Manual of Dates, Townsend, 95. 

Manuscript of Dean Munro, Chart 
IA., 35- 

Map of Mull, Glencoe, etc., 52. 

Map of position of Maclans, Mac- 
Donalds, etc., in the i6th cen- 
tury, 70. 

Margaret de Insulis, Chart IB., 171. 

Margaretta and David McKean, 
1661, 196. 

Mariot or Mariota Maclain, Chart 
II., note 6, 51, 52. 

Marmion, Poem, Scott, 49, 50. 

Martial Music of the Clans, 134. 

Massacre of Glencoe, 125-132; 
Scene of, 131; Commission to in- 
quire into it, 136-146; Poetry in 
reference to, 196, note; Music of 
Lament, 225-227. 

McAin, Alexander McCain, 174. 

McAin WcConeill, Ewin, 175. 

McAine, Tarlach, 174. 

McAine, Dow WcKrenald, Alexan- 
der, 175. 

McAine, Inche, William, 174. 

McAine, VcConnell, Donald Roy, 
i?5- 

McAine, VcConnell, Angus, 175. 

McAine, VcConnell, Gillespik, 175. 

McAine, VcConnell, William, 175. 

McAine, VcFynlay Roy, Johnne, 

J 74- 
Me and O', abolished in Ireland, 

1586, 178, 179. 
McAn Dow, Angus, 173. 
Mcaneabrych, Allaster, 174. 



INDEX. 



243 



Mcaneabrych, Donald Oig, 174. 
Mcaneabrych, John, 174. 
McAne, Allane, 174. . 
Mcanebrych, Allaster, John and 

Donald Oig, 95. 
McAne de Ardamurchane, 55. 
McAne Ekane, Hector, 172. 
McAne, Ewin, Capitane of Inver- 

lochy, 1576? 177. 
McAne, Gregor, 94. 
McAne Mclnnes, Allaster, 174. 
M'Ane of Arinamurchan, Johne, 61. 
M'Ane Oig, M'Inoig and MacEan 
Oig, John Og (2), IX. of Glencoe, 
96-103; raids against Ogilvies 
and Drummonds, 96, 97; out- 
lawed for a time, 97; released 
from the horn, 97: of Glencone, 
97; MacKaneof Aruicht, an unruly 
clan, 97; abrichis, 98; to com- 
pear personally, 102. 
McAne VcConell VcAglassre, John, 

174, 178. 
McCahan bane O'Reilie, Mulmory, 

1609, 1 86. 

McCahane Patrick, 1608, 186. 
McCahans or McCahens, 1615, 187. 
McCahin, John, 1604, 186. 
McCain, viii. 

McCaine "cliens," Neil, 172. 
McCaine de Ardnamurchane, 56. 
McCaine, Ferquhard, 172. 
McCame ("or McCaine"), John, 

1557, 176. 

McCame, Nigellus, 176. 
McCan, Carbarie, 1612, i85. 
McCan, Carberie, oge, 1610, 186. 
McCan, Carbry, Hugh McBrien, 
M;Ph^li-n and Rory McPatrick, 
1567, 177. 

McCan, Donald, 1395, 167. 
McCan, Hugh McBryan, 1610, 186. 
M;Can, Nsile, 1693, 185. 
M-Cin, O'Cins, etc., 184. 
McCan, Patrick, 1603, 185. 
McCan, Rorie McPatrick, 1610, i6. 



McCan, Toole McPhelim, 1610, 186. 
McCan's country, 1604, 177, 187, 

note, 1 88. 
McCans, etc. 185, note. 

McCane, 1473, 169. 

McCane de Ardnamurchane, 56. 
McCane, Donald and Andrew, 1481, 

83; Fergus, 1486, 169. 
McCane, Donnell, 1568, 177. 
McCane, Edmund, 1608, 186. 
McCane McComas, Joh., 1548, 172. 
McCane, McTowell, 1608, 186. 
Mccane off Armourche, Allexad, 

1545, 57. 
McCanes, or McCahans' country, 

1615, 187, 188. 
McCane, Owen, 1608, 186. 
McCany, Brian, 1609, and Edmond, 

1608, 186. 
Mccayne, James, councillor at Mon- 

trose, 1592, 180. 
Mccean, Ewine, 1649, 192. 
McCeane Oig, Allaster, 1545-1604, 

174- 
McCeane Oig of Glenco, Allaster, 

1601-11? 98, 100, 102. 
McClane, etc., of Do ward, 50, 54, 63 

65, 68, 79, 121, 124. 
McComas, Joh, McCane, 1548, 172. 
McConel, a form of MacDonald, 60, 

McConnell, 78, 213 note. 
McDonald, Alexander, of Glencoe, 

148. 

McEachan, Donald, 1674, 197. 
Mcean, Archibald, 1649, 192. 
McEan, Dow, Johne, 174. 
McEan, Doy Vclnnes Weill, Angu s> 

175- 

McEan, Duy VcAllaster, Allan, 175- 
McEan, Duy VcAllaster, Allaster, 

175- ^ 

McEan, Duy VcAllaster, Donald, 

175- 
McEan, Duy VcAllaster, Gillespik, 

175- 
Mcean, Ewin, 1649, 192. 



244 



INDEX. 



Mcean, ffindlay, 1649, 192. 
Mcean, Finlay, 1718, 199. 
McEan, John, in Balnecaird, 1591, 

179- 

Mcean, Johne, 1649, 192. 
mcean, Johne Mccodachie, 1649, 

192. 

McEan, Johnie Dow McConeill, 174. 
Mcean more Vcgovan, Donald, 1649, 

192. 

M'Ean of Glenco, 132. 
McEan, Oig, Angus, 174. 
McEan, Oig, Rorie McAlister, 1656, 

194. 

McEan, Oyge, Allane Roy, 174. 
McEan, Thomas McConeill, (stabler), 

174- 

McEan, Tuich, Johnne, 174. 
McEan Vayne, John, 1718, 199. 
Mcean vc finlay, Donald, 1649, 192. 
Mcean vie illi glas, 1649, 192. 
McEan vie illimartin, Annable, 1718, 

200. 

McEanair Vc Allen, Donald, 175. 
McEancheir, 100. 
McEancheir, Johne Oig, 174. 
McEandecheir, Johne, 174. 
McEandoyn Johne, ioi,and Johnne 

174. 

McEanduin, Patrick, 1718, 199. 
McEans, 99, 100, 105, 106, 181, 183, 

etc. 

McEane, Abrich, 100. 
McEane Abrich, Donald McEane 

Dowe VcAllaster, 173. 
McEane, Allane, 174, 183; letters 

as rebel suspended, 1600, 183. 
McEane Cam, Duncane, 99, 173. 
McEane de Ardnamurchane, 56. 
McEane Dow, Angus Dow, 173. 
McEane Dow, Ewin, 173. 
McEane Dow, Johne Dow, 173. 
McEane Dowveig Mclndulich Bir- 

rach, Duncane, 173. 
McEane Dow VcGillechonane, Ewne, 

175 



McEane, Dowy, Tarloch, 174. 
McEane Dowy VcConill, Johne 

Dow, 175. 
McEane Dowy VcGregour, Allaster 

McCondochy, 175. 
McEane Dowy Vclnnes Weill, 

Angus Reoch, 175. 
McEane Doy, Donnald, 174. 
McEane Duy VcEwne, Neill, 175. 
McEane Inche, William Dow, 174. 
McEane Keir, John Moir, 174. 
McEane, Me Allaster, 100. 
McEane McCondachie McGillebred, 

Duncan, 1571, 172. 
McEane McConnill, John, 172. 
McEane McConquhy, 172. 
McEane McCoill, John Doy, 172. 
McEane, McFerquhard, Donald, 

1545, 172. 

McEane McFindlay Roy, Ewne, 174. 
McEane McFyndlaw, Donald Owz. ? 

172. 

McEane McGilleis Donald, 172. 
McEane McGilleis Joh., 1548, 172. 
McEane McHuchesoun, William, 174. 
McEane McWilliame, John, 172. 
McEane Oig, Allaster, 174. 
McEane Oig, Rory, 174. 
McEane Roy, Andro, 100, 174. 
McEane Roy, Gillespik McAllane, 

174- 
McEane Roy, Johne Dow, alias 

"Girls," 99, 174. 
McEane Roy Veig, Nicoll, 175. 
McEane, Tirlogh boy, 1604, 186. 
McEane Tuich, Ewne, 174. 
McEane Vane, John, 174. 
McEane Vany, Donnald Gar, 174. 
Mceane VcAchane, Donald Roy, 

174- 

McEane VcAllane, Alexander, 174. 
McEane VcAllane, Alexander Oig, 

175- 

McEane VcAllane, Ronnald, 175. 
McEane VcConill, Donald Moir, 175. 
McEane VcFer Innes, Allaster, 174. 



INDEX. 



245 



McEane, VcGillechonane, 100. 
MgEane Vclnnes, Allaster, 175. 
McEane Vclnnes, Angus, 175. 
McEane Vclnnes, Donald, 175. 
McEane Vclnnes, Finlay, 175. 
McEane Vclnnes, James, 175. 
MoEane Vclnnes, John, 175. 
McEane Vclnnes, Ronald, 175. 
McEane VcMurchie Glas, John, 174. 
McEane Virich, Angus, 175, 184. 
McEanson, Allan Ranaldson, 1501? 

170. 
McEanwichts, John McAllaster, 174, 

'79- 
Mceanyre, Donald Mcewyn, 1649, 

192. 

mceayne, Alexander, Donald, hec- 
tor, Johne roy, Jon croy, mcfinlay 

vie, Wm., 1641, 106. 
McEnn, Oyne, 1608, 187. 
McGregour, etc., 97, etc. 
Mchans, John, tanner, 1662, 196. 
McHean, Alexander, (indexed "or 

McKeane"), 1507, 49. 
Mclaian, Angus, 1718, 199. 
M'lan, Robert Ronald, painter, 

1803-1856, 158. 
Mclnabrich, Allane, 1 74. 
Mclnabrich, Allane Dow, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Allaster Mclndow, 

174. 

Mclnabrich, Angus, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Angus Dow, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Archibald McConeil, 

174- 
Mclnabrich, Archibald Mclndow, 

174- 

Mclnabrich, Donald Mclndow, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Johne, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Johnne Beg, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Johne Dow, 174. 
Mclnabrich, Ronald, 174. 
Mclnabrich Ronald Dow, 174. 
Mclnoig, Allan Roy, 1591, 96. 
Mclntnach, Allan Oig, of Glencoe, 

1609, 98. 



Mclyn, Edmond, 1603, 185. 
McKaane de Ardnamurchane, 1550, 

56. 
McKaane McAlestar de Glengawrie, 

Alester, 1548, 172, 177. 
McKaine (or McKame), Andreas and 

John, 1601, 183. 

McKaine, Glesny, clarke, 1662, 197. 
McKainie (McKaine ?) Andrew, 1644, 

190. 
McKainie (McKaine?) Matheus, 1644, 

190. 

McKane, viii, ix., 64, etc. 
McKane, Allane, of Ilandterrim, 180 
McKane, Allaster and Angus, 1588, 

64. 
McKane, Bartholomew, in Aber, 

1591, 179. 
McKane de Ardnamurchane, 1550, 

5<5. 

McKane, Duncan, 1468, 169. 
McKane, Ewphame, (Euphemia), 

1612, 187. 
McKane, James, councillor at Mon- 

trose, 1592, 180. 
mckane, Johanes 1531, 55. 
Mckane, John Moir, 1587, 179. 
Mckane, John, of Ardnamurchan, 

1587, 1588, 63. 
McKane, Johnne, of the Rande, 1579, 

178. 

McKane, Matilda, 1549, 172. 
McKane, McEwin, Margareta Neyn- 

thomas, 1551, 172. 
McKane McFale, Maria, 1545, 172. 
McKane Murdoch, 1549, 172. 
mckane of Ilandterum, allane, 1587, 

179. 
McKane, William McDonald, 1549, 

172. 
McKanys (McKane, Makane) house, 

1494, 169. 
McKayne de Ardnamurchane, 1550, 

5.6-' 

McKayne, Willelmus, 1562, 172. 
McKean, Agnes, 1612, 187. 



246 



INDEX. 



Mckean alias McDonald elder of 

Glencoe, 1690, 121. 
McKean Family of Pennsylvania, 

Genealogy of the, 20, 185, note, 202. 
McKean Genealogies in America, v, 

vi., 163, 164, 202. 
Mckean, John, 1661, 194. 
McKean-McDonalds, 15, etc. 
McKean, John, merchant, Edinb., 

1632, 189. 
McKean, Margaretta, and David, 

1661, 196. 

McKean, pronounced in three differ- 
ent ways, viii. 
McKean, Robert, furrier, and Joneta 

his spouse, 1638, 189. 
McKeans, v, ix, x., 17, 19 ... 164, 

196, 215-219, etc. 
McKean, Thomas, of Camsmawn, 

1701, 199. 
McKean, Thomas, The Signer, d. 

1817, 201, 202. 
McKean, Uthred or Uthried, 1672, 

197- 
Mckean vc condachie, Duncan, 1649, 

192. 
McKean, William, of Argyleshire, 

his emigration to Ireland, 1674? 

197- 
McKeand, Gulielmus, coppersmith, 

1686, 198. 
McKeand, Joannes, bailiff, 1686, 

198. 
McKeane de Ardnamurchane, 1550, 

56. 

McKeane, Gilladuffe, 1603, 185. 
McKeane, James, merchant, bur- 
gess of Montrose, 1602, 184. 
McKeane, John McCoill, 1545, 172. 
McKeane (Macean, Mackean), James, 

1644, 190. 
McKeane, Mariota and Joneta, 1 627, 

1 88. 

McKeane, Owen. 1613, 186. 
McKeane, Shane Crone, 1613, 186. 
McKechin (s), 85, 99. 



McKeehan, viii. 
McKeen, v, viii, ix, etc. 
McKeen, Calloigh, 1608, 187. 
McKeighon, Bollyagh, 1537, 171. 
M c kein, James, 1661, 194. 
mckein, Jo n and Dauid, 1585, 179. 
McKein, Robertus and Andrew, 

junior, 1628, 188. 
mckene, alane, 1489, 169. 
McKene, David, in Laicht, 1593, 

1 80. 
McKene, James, bailie in Montrose, 

1598, 183. 
McKene, William, councillor in 

Montrose, 1598, 183. 
m c kene, williame, 1631, 189. 
McKeowne William, of Glasgow, 

1701, 199. 

McKewne, John, 1643, 190. 
McKeyhone, Cosney, 1537, 171. 
McKeyne, Shane, 1608, 186. 
McKeynie, Coyne, 1608, 186. 
m'makane, Johne, 1489, 169. 
McMakene, James, 1617, 186. 
McNaughton (s), 98, 119. 
McOnell, a form of MacDonald, 60. 
Mcorronald of Eyellantirrim, 1645, 

1 80. 
McV c ane, Chairles, of Duprene, 

1593, 1 80. 

McVurichs, bards, 86, 91. 
McYeone, Owen, 1612, 186. 
Mearrdha, Chart IA, 23. 
Mechain(McKain?) John, 1607, 186. 
Memoirs of Lochiel, Maitland Club, 

134- 

Memoirs of the Lord Viscount Dun- 
dee, Jenner, 148, 162. 

Memoranda de Parliamento, 167. 

Menzies, Menges, 112, 113. 

Mhic-Iain Dhuin, Clann, 1634? 189. 

Mingarry Castle, 45, 47, 48, 51, 56, 
65, 66, 71, 72 illus., 73, 74, 78, 107. 

Moidart, or Among the Clanranalds, 
MacDonald, 77. 

Montrose, 107, 108, etc. 



INDEX. 



Moore's Poetical Works, lona, 81. 
Mr Cornelius McKean of Perry, 

Iowa, v, vii, 164, 202. 
Mulroy or Glenroy, Last great clan 

battle, 113, 114. 
Music of Lament, Massacre of Glen- 

coe, 224-227. 

Nemo me impune lacessit, 23. 
Newspapers and periodicals, 160, 

161, 162. 

Nialgus, Chart I A., 23. 
Nicknames, 173. 
North Inch, Battle of the, 167. 
Notes and Queries, 147. 

O'Caanes, O'Cahans, etc., 189. 
O'Cahan, Brian oge, 1608, 186. 
O'Cahan, Cowy McRoory, 1612, 

186. 

O'Cahan, Dermod oge, 1612, 186. 
O'Cahan, Donnell, 1603, 185. 
O'Cahan, Donogh, 1608, 186. 
O'Cahan, Donohie, 1608, 186. 
O'Cahan, Gorie McShane, 1609, 186. 
O'Cahan, Jenkin McHugh, 1612 ) 

186. 

O'Cahan, Sir Donell, 1607, 186. 
O'Cahan McBrian, Cowie, 1612, 186. 
O'Cahan McDermod, Owen, 1612, 

1 86. 
O'Cahan McDonell, Roory Duff, 

1612, 186. 
O'Cahan McDonnell, Brian, 1612, 

186. 
O'Cahan McOwen, Manus, 1612, 

186. 
O'Cahan McSenekyn Murrey, Owen, 

1612, 186. 
O'Cahane, Brian O' Donell, McWm., 

1607, 1 86. 

O'Cahane, John Shallogh, 1607, 186. 
O'Cahane, McShane, 1607, 186. 
O'Cahane, Quoy McBrian Modder, 

1607, 1 86. 
O'Cahane, Richard McBriane Car- 

ragh, 1610, 186. 



O'Cahane, Shane Ballagh, 1607, 

1 86. 
O'Cahane McCorbe, Donogh, 1610, 

186. 
O'Cahane McRichard, Brian, 1607, 

1 86. 
O'Cahane McRowrie, Donogh, 1610, 

1 86. 
O'Cahane McSwyne, John, 1607, 

1 86. 
O'Cahane McToole boy, Rowrie, 

1609, 1 86. 

O'Cahan, The name, 20, 215. 
O'Cahans, O'Caanes, O'Canes, 
O'Kanes, etc., 1603-1617, etc., 
v., 20, 164, 184-186; 185, note. 
O'Cane, Dominus, 1603, 185. 
O'Cane, McCan, etc., 185, note. 
O'Cane's country, 187, note. 
O'Cathans or O'Kanes, 28, 32 ... 

202, 215. 

O'Chane, Dermond, 1608, 186. 
O'Chane, Donell, 1608, 186. 
O'Chane, MacKann, 178. 
Ogilvies, 38, g6, 122. 
O'Kanes and O'Cahans, 1603-1617, 
184-186; O'Canes, O'Caanes, etc., 
164, 185, note. 
O'Kean, Redmond McMurtagh, 

1604, 1 86. 

O'Keen, Richard, 1609, 186. 
O'Keine, Philip, 1615, 186. 
Old and Rare Scottish Tartans, 

Stewart, no. 
O'Neill, 40, 215. 
"O'Nell," Earl of Tyrone 178, 

O'Neill, 215. 

Origines Parochiales Scotia?, 28, 71. 
Ossiati, 8j, 91, 176 note. 
Other McKeans, vii, 164-203. 

Paper Register of the Great Seal, 199. 
Papistry Stormed, poem, Tennant, 

176. 

Pass of Glencoe, illus, 128, 129. 
Passage of pipers through the Glen, 

1895, 160, 161. 



248 



INDSX. 



Percy Reliques of Ancient Poetry, 
196, note. 

Pictorial History of Scotland, Tay- 
lor, 38, 49, 108, 117. 

Pilgrim of Glencoe, Campbell, 196, 
note. 

Pipe Music, (Mackay), 134, 224, 231. 

Piper, Maclan's family, in, 224. 

Plaids and Tartans, 109-111, 114, 
193, 200. 

Popish Families of Scotland, 147. 

Postscript and Acknowledgments, 
232. 

Prince Harye ye Acht, 57. 

Process in making a spuilyie, 101. 

Proelium Gillecrankianum, Latin 
poem, Kennedy, 117. 

Queen Mary, 51, 55, 171. 

Queen Elizabeth and Ireland, 66, 78. 

Ranald of the Shield, 109, 132, 153 
Ranald, See Clanranald. 
Ranald, The name, 214. 
Rebellion of Donald, Lord of the 

Isles, 36. 

Rebellion of 1715, 149, 150. 
Record Interpreter, Martin, 223. 
Records of Argyll, Campbell, in, 

112, 158, 196, note. 
Reginald, Chart IB, note 6, 27, 28; 

seal 29, 30. 
Register of Decreet of Council and 

Session, 61, note. 
Register of the Great Seal of the 

Kings of Scotland, 171, 177, 220. 
Register of the Privy Council of 

Scotland, 63, 65, 66, 67, 73, 94, 

95) 97, 98-101, 172, 178, 179, 180, 

181, 183. 

Register of the Privy Seal, 74. 
Registrum Palatinum Dunelmense, 

223. 

Registrum Secreti Sigilli, 147. 
Religion and politics, 92, 148, 191, 

197, i9 8 , 199. 



Repressing of the clan of Mcean, 

107. 
Repressing the barbarous race of 

. . . clandonald, 107. 
Robert Bruce, 31, 32, 34, 35, 86, 

221, 222. 

Robertson of Strowan, Struan, etc., 

44, Chart II., 55, 99, 119, 120, 184. 
Robin and Makyne, 196, note. 
Rob Roy and his Times, Macleay, 

78, 95, 103, 197. 
Rob Roy, Scott, 155. 
Roll of Chiefs, 63. 
Roll of Clans, 63, 95. 
Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum, 223. 
Royal Letters, Henry VII, 48; 

Henry III, 166. 
Ruined keep of Ardthornish Castle, 

41, illus. 

Saint Andrew, Patron of Scotland, 

Church of, 22, 176, 177, 187. 
Saint Patrick, 20, 228, note. 
Saint Regulus or Rule, 22. 
Scene of the Massacre of Glencoe 

illus., 156. 

Scotland called Alba and Scotia, 16. 
Scotland, Historic and Romantic, 

Lansdale 22, 40, illus., 55 note; 

104 note; 161 illus. 
Scotland, The Thistle of, 22, 23 and 

note. 

Scots, Albans and Britons, 19 note. 
Scots in Eastern and Western 

Prussia, Th. A. Fischer, 187. 
Scots of Dalriada, 16, 17, Chart I A., 

19- 

Scots whaha'e wi' Wallace bled, 31. 

Scottish Clans and Tartans, John- 
ston's, no. 

Scottish Gael, Logan, 1 1 1 . 

Scott, Sir Walter and physician, 50. 

Scotts' Poetical Works, 32, 41, 49, 
50, 230. 

Seal of Angus Mor of Isla, 33. 

Seal (Galley) of Ardnamurchan, 34. 



INDEX. 



249 



Seal of Reginald, 29, 30 
Sept, Definition of, 71, note. 
Signature of Alexander Macdonald 

of Glencoe, r2o. 
Signatures of Dundee, Argyll and 

Dalrymple, 1689, 115. 
Sketch of the Highlanders, Stewart, 

151- 
Sketch-map of railroad to Oban, 

etc., 136. 
Sleat, Slate, etc., 26, 27*, 41, 42, 60, 

62, 78, 86 note, in note, 112, 120, 

156, 197- 
Smith, Hon. Sir Donald, proprietor 

of Glencoe since 1894, 84, 135 

158, 161, 162. 
Solaim, Chart IA., 24. 
Somerled, founder of the Family of 

the Isles, Chart IA., 24, 25, Chart 

IB., and note 3; 26, 28. 
Songs, Ballads, etc., mentioned. 

Annie Laurie, 196, note. 

Battle of Harlaw, 38. 

Bonnie Charlie's gone awa', 153. 

Blue Bonnets over the Border, 
109. 

Bruce's Address, 31. 

Campbells are Coming, 149. 

Flowers of the Forest, 50. 

Garb of Old Gaul, viii. 

Hail to the Chief, 134. 

Kitty of Coleraine, 185, note. 

Macdonalds' Gathering, 224. 

Wives of Glencona, 134. 
Sons of John ?. . . 203, 215-220. 
Spanish marines, A hundred, 65 and 

note. 

Spuilyie, process in making, 101. 
State Papers, 60. 
Stewart (s), 85, 88, Chart III., 90, 95, 

97, 102, 104, 107, 117, 119, 121, 

124, 148, 151, 224. 
Stewarts of Appin, Book, Chart 

III., 90, 91, 92, 96, 108, 148, 149, 

151, 156. 
Stories of Famous Songs, Fitz- 

Gerald, 196, note. 



Suibne, Chart IA, 23. 

Supplication of the Glencoe-men 

for redress for plundering their 

cattle and burning their houses, 

138, 139, 146. 
Supplication of Thomas McKeinzie, 

1649, 192-194. 
Supplicatioun of Elspeth Ros., 105, 

106. 

Tales of a Grandfather, Scott, 114, 

148, 149, 150, 155. 
Tanistrie, 179, note. 
Tantallon Castle, 40, illus., 41. 
Tartan, Mackeane, no. 
Tartans and Plaids, 109-11, 114, 

193, 200. 
Tartans of the Clans of Scotland, 

Grant, 108, 117. 
The Great Marquess, Book, 76. 
The name Donald, 213. 
The name McKean, vii-ix; 203; 

215-220. 

The name O'Cahan, 215. 
The name Ranald, 214. 
The two lains or Johns, vii., 17, 

Chart IB, 28, 33. 

Thistle of Scotland, 22, 23 and note. 
Three Collas, Chart I A, 19. 
Title "of the Isles." 59 and note. 
Tombstones, Angus Og of Isla, 33; 

Maciain, 53; the last Maciains of 

Ardnamurchan, 82; Macdonald of 

Glencoe, Monument, 161. 
Toshach of the Isles, Chart IA., 

22, and note. 

Tour of the Hebrides, Boswell, 200. 
Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, 20. 
Trophies of weapons, etc., 15, 84, 

164. 
Trow's Directory Library, 203. 

Uais, Colla, 4th century, 16, 17, 

Chart I A., 19, 20. 
Una Maciain, 1585, 62. 
Unruly Clan, MacKane of Aruicht, 

97- 



250 



INDEX. 



Uthred or Uthried McKean, 1672, 
197- 

VcAchanes, 99. 

VcAine, Donald McConeill, 175. 

VcAine Vane, John McFarquhar 

Doy, 174. 

VcAyne, Johnne McGillandris, 175. 
vcean angus, Johne McDonald, 

1649, 192. 
VcEan or VcEane, Donald Mc- 

Allane, 1616, 188. 
v^ean, Donald Mcean, 1661, 196. 
ycean, Dougall Mccoill, 1649, 192. 
VcEan or VcEane, John and Rorie, 

1616, 188. 

vcean, Johne Mcdonald, 1649, 192. 
v^ean vcewin, Alaster McWilliam, 

1649, 192. 
VcEane, Allaster Dow McAllane, 

175- 

VcEane, Angus Oig Mclnnes Vc- 
Martine, 175. 

VcEane, Johnne McFatrik, 97, 175. 

VcEane, Johnne Moir McAllane, 175. 

VcEane, Johnne Oig McAllane, 175. 

VcEane Vane, Gilliechallum Mc- 
Farquhar Doy, 174. 

VcEane VcMartine, Donald Our 
Vclnnis, 175. 

VcEane VcMartine, Donald Roy 
McAngus, 175. 

VcEane VcMartine, Duncan Mc- 
Angus, 175. 

VcEane VcMartyne, Donald Dow 
McConeill, 175. 

VcGregour, McEane, 101. 

Vclain of Ardnamurchan, Alexa- 

ander MacDonald 57; leader of 

the Clan, 57; supported Clan- 

' ranald, 57; fought at Blar Leine 

57; Mackeyn of Ardnamurchane, 



57; Macian of Ardnamurchan, 57; 

in Donald Dubh's rebellion, 60; 

Councillor and Commissioner, 60, 

61. 
Vclain, John MacAllister, XI., of 

Ardnamurchan, 69 ; succession 

disputed by Argyle, 69, 74. 
Vestiarum Scotiorum, Urquhart, 

1 10. 

vie can, Donald M^angus, 1661, 195. 
vie can, Don. M^ilespick, 1718, 199. 
VicEan Duibh, Maclnnes, 1659? 

J 94- 
viceanduy, Rory McOil, 1718, 199, 

200. 
viceanvic uinlay, John McOil, 1718, 

200. 

vie can vuy, Don, McCoil, 1718, 199. 
VicEane de Ellantirrin, 180. 
Viceane, Joannes McDonald Mc- 
Allane, capitanus de Clanronald, 

1627, 1 80. 

vie eayne, mcfinlay, 106. 
viclain, Ronald McConnald, of 

Hand, 1597, 182. 
viclain Chittach, Alester and Angus, 

1580, 178. 

VicKeanne of Ilandtirme, 180. 
Views in Glencoe, 100, 128, 129, 131, 

141, 161. 
Virich, McEane, 184. 

West of Scotland in History, Irving, 

98. 
What is my Tartan? Frank Adam, 

71, note, no note, 200, 228. 
Widow of Glencoe, Aytoun, 196, 

note. 

William and Mary, 119, 125, 126. 
Wine for the army, 166. 
Wood row's MSS., 113. 



CS McKean, Frederick George 

479 (comp.) 

M23 McKean historical notes 

1906 



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