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VRENCE 





For review and bibliographical note see 
Numismatic Circular Vol. LXXIII. No.11.pg.252 
November 




THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 







r 



MEDALS 



BY 



GIOVANNI CAVING, 



THE 'PADUAN.' 



BY 



RICHARD HOE LAWRENCE. 




NEW YORK : 
PRIVATELY PRINTED. 

1883. 



Stack 
Annex 



5015342 



PRINCIPAL AUTHORITIES CONSULTED. 

ARMAND, Alfred. Les medailleurs italiens des quinzieme et 
seizieme siecles. Deuxieme edition. Paris, 1883. 2 vols. 8. 

BOLZENTHAL, Heinrich. Skizzen zur Kunstgeschichte der moder- 
nen Medaillen-arbeit (1429-1840). Berlin, 1840. 30 pis. 12. 

CICOGNARA, Leopoldo. Storia della scultura dal risorgimento 
delle belle arti in Italia fino al secolo di Napoleone. Venezia, 1813- 
18. 131 pis. 3 vols. f. 

COHEN, Henry. Description historique des monnaies frappees 
sous 1'empire remain, communement appelees medailles imperiales. 
Paris, 1859-68. 120 pis. 7 vols. 8. 

Deuxieme edition. Paris 1880-82. Vols. I. & II. 8. 



Du MOLINET, Claude. Cabinet de la Bibliotheque de Sainte- 
Genevieve. Paris, 1692. ills. f. 

GAETANI, Pier-Antonio. Museum Mazzuchellianum, seu numis- 
mata virorum doctrina prsestantium quse apud Jo. Mariam Comitem 
Mazzuchellum Brixiae servantur a Petro Antonio de Comitibus 
Gaetanis. . .edita, atque illustrata. Accedit versio Italica studio 
Equitis Casimi Mei elaborata. Venetiis, 1761-63. 208 pis. 2 vols. f. 

KEARY, C. T. A guide to the Italian medals exhibited in the 
King's Library [British Museum]. London, 1881. 7 pis. 8. 

LITTA, Pompeo. Famiglie celebri Italiane. Milano, 1819-1852. 
ills. 8 vols. f. 

MONTIGNY, C. de. Des faussaires. Jean Cavino et Alex. Bassiano, 
Padouans. In Le Cabinet de 1'Amateur et de 1'Antiquaire. Paris, 
1842-46. I., pp. 385-414 ; IV., pp. 9-30. ills. 



GIOVANNI CAVINO. 



Giovanni Cavino, an Italian medallist, contemporary with Ben- 
venuto Cellini, was born at Padua in 1499 or 1500. We know 
almost nothing of his life. It is probable that his medals were all 
executed in Padua, where he resided until his death in 1570. He 
was buried in the church of S. Giovanni di Verdara, and for a long 
time the stone bound by an iron ring, which he used in coining, 
was preserved in that church. He left a son, Vincenzo, who seems 
to have aided him during the last years of his life, and who prob- 
ably continued to use his dies after his death. 

Cavino's medals are very numerous. Many of them bear portraits 
of distinguished jurists of Padua and of professors at the Uni- 
versity. But his best known and most numerous works are his imi- 
tations of Roman large-brass coins and medallions which are known 
as "Paduans." 

1 The imitation of Roman art seems from an early period to have 
been traditional at Padua, which contained one of the greatest 
universities of Europe. The earliest Italian medals were struck in 
that city and are quite classical in style. In the case of Cavino, 
this close adherence to the style of his Roman models is very 
marked and it prevented him from equalling the best medallists of 
his period as an artist in portrait medals. At the same time it en- 
abled him to produce very perfect copies of Roman coins. In this 
last work he was assisted by his friend, Alessandro Bassiano, a 
scholar and antiquarian of Padua, of whom little is known, except 
that he left in manuscript the' lives of the twelve Caesars. We learn 
of their association from a medal struck about 1540 to commem- 
orate the event (No. 79). 

One hundred and twenty-two of Cavino's dies have been pre- 
served and are at present in the Bibliotheque Nationale at Paris. 
They were brought from Italy in the seventeenth century by Th. 
Lecomte, who obtained them from the Lazzara family of Padua, 
and who bequeathed them to the Abbey of Sainte Genevieve in 
1670. They are described and illustrated by Claude du Molinet 
in his work, entitled : Le Cabirlet de la Bibliotheque de Sainte 
Genevieve. Paris, 1692, f 

Cavino's imitative medals were not originally designed as forgeries, 
and it was against his wishes that they were passed off as genuine 
antiques. But as such many of them found their way into the most 
celebrated collections of Europe and were the subjects of numerous 
dissertations. Even during the present century several of them were 



6 GIOVANNI CAVING. 

regarded as antique by such numismatists as Mionnet and Bar- 
th^lemy. 

The greater number of the coins usually termed " Paduans " 
are cast from moulds and are of little value and easily detected ; 
but the pieces struck from Cavino's dies possess much artistic merit 
and are often not readily distinguishable from ancient coins. There 
are, however, several general points of difference which become ap- 
parent after careful comparison with the genuine coins. The 
" Paduan " is usually too round and regular, and the flan is too 
thin ; the dots of the border or engrailment are large and in irreg- 
ular relief ; the letters are flat and square, especially N ; M is 
broad at the base and narrow at the top ; H and D are square and 
heavy, and A and V are too narrow and sharp. The coins struck by 
Cavino himself (the dies were used after his death) are usually 
composed of red and yellow copper, poorly alloyed. 

Several of Cavino's medals are found in silver ; but most of the 
examples in this metal have been melted down in later times, 
consequently but few of them have been preserved. 

All of Cavino's medals are rare, imitative pieces as well as portrait 
medals, and all are worthy of preservation as the work of an Italian 
medallist of the sixteenth century. 



IMITATIVE MEDALS. 





No. 7. 

IMITATIVE MEDALS. 

JULIUS CESAR. 

1. C CAESAR - DICTATOR. Bust of Julius Caesar 1., laureate ; 

above, in front, star ; behind, lituus. 

Rev. VENI VIDI VICI in three lines within palm and laurel 
wreath. 

Large-brass. This reverse is not found on ancient coins. Cohen, VI., 
p. 556. Keary, 117. 

2. C CAESAR DICT PERPETVO. Similar type r. 

Rev. L BVCA. Caduceus and fasces crossed, globe, axe, 

and two hands clasped. 

Large-brass. The reverse of this coin is imitated from a denarius struck 
by L. Aemilius Buca. Montigny, i . 

JULIUS CAESAR and AUGUSTUS. 

3. Similar obverse. 

Rev. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER. Bust of Augustus 1., 
laureate. 
Large-brass. There are no genuine coins with these types. Montigny, 2. 

AUGUSTUS. 

4. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER. Bust of Augustus 1., laureate. 

Rev. OB GIVES -ER inscribed on a shield within an 
oak-wreath supported by two capricorns ; beneath, globe 
and rudder ; S C. *% 

Large-brass There are no genuine coins of Augustus with this Reverse. 
Montigny, 3. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 104, No. 302. Keary, 118. 

In addition to Cavino's pieces 'there are modern dies of three medallions 
of Augustus : 

i. DIVVS AVGVSTVS P P, Head of Augustus 1., laureate. 
Rev. Temple with six columns, adorned with numerous statues, and 
statue within ; in the tympanum of the pediment, S P Q Rt Modern 
invention. Cohen, I., p. 69, No. 259. and pi. III. ; VII., p. 6, No. 259. 

2. Similar obverse. Rev. CIVIB ET SIGN MILIT A 
PART RECVP. Triumphal arch. Imitated from a denarius. Cohen, 
VI., p. 559, note. Cf. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 75, No. 82. 



8 IMITATIVE MEDALS. 

3. Obverse similar to No. 4. Rev. PROVIDENT. Altar. Imi- 
tated from a middle-brass, struck under Tiberius. Cohen, I., p. 71, No. 
272 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 94, No. 228. 

TIBERIUS. 

5. Tl CAESAR AVGVSTI F IMPERATOR -V. Bust of Ti- 

berius 1. 

Rev. ROME T AVG. The altar of Lyons. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin, punctuated in a similar way 
on the reverse. Montigny, 4. Cohen, I., p. 123, No. 39 : VII., p. 19, 
No. 9; 2d Ed-, I., p. 192, Nos. 28 and 29. Keary, 119. Friedlaender, 
Ein Verzeichniss von Griechischen falschen Munzen. . .Berlin, 1883. p. 9. 
There is another fine modern large-brass coin of Tiberius, the obverse of 
which is imitated from a middle-brass, the reverse from a large-brass 
having for obverse the letters 5 . C surrounded by an inscription : yj . 
CAESAR DIVI AVC F AVCVST IMP VIM. Head of 
Tiberius 1. Rev. CIVITITABVS ASIAE RESTITVTIS -S C- 
Tiberius seated 1. holding sceptre and patera. Cf. Cohen, I., Nos. 23 and 
51 ; 2d Ed. I., p. 189, Nos. 2 and 3. 

ANTONIA. 

6. ANTONIA AVGVSTA. Bust of Antonia r., draped. 

Rev. Tl CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P 
IMP. S- C. Veiled figure standing 1., holding simpuvium. 
Middle-brass. Imitation of a coin struck under Claudius. The veiled 
figure on the reverse of the genuine coin represents Antonia in the character 
of a vestal virgin, while on the " Paduan " the figure is bearded and re- 
sembles Claudius. With this exception it is one of the most perfect of 
Cavino's imitative coins. Montigny, in Le Cabinet de 1'Amateur, IV., p 
9. Cohen, I., p. 136, No. 6 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 223, No. 6. 

AGRIPPINA senior. 

7. AGRIPPINA M F MAT C CAESARIS AVGVSTI. Bust of 

Agrippina r., draped. 

Rev. S P Q R MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE. Carpentum 

1., drawn by two mules. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 6, and illus. on 
p. 400. Cohen, I., p. 142, No. i ; 2dFd., I., p. 231, No. i. 

8. AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS. Similar bust. 

Rev. Same. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Keary, 120. Cf. Cohen, 2d 
Ed., I., p. 231, No. 2. These large-brass coins of Agrippina are the most 
beautiful of all Cavino's imitative coins. 

CALIGULA. 

9 . C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P Illl 

P P . Bust of Caligula 1., laureate. 

Rev. AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA. S C. The three 
sisters of Caligula standing facing, as Securitas, leaning on 
column, Concordia, holding patera, and Fortuna, holding 
rudder ; each holds cornucopia. 



IMITATIVE MKDAI.S. g 

Large-brass. This obverse and reverse are not found together on genuine 
coins. Montigny, II. Cohen, I., p. 148, No. 13; 2(1 Ed., 1., p. 237, 
No. 4. 

10. C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS P M TR POT. Head 

of Caligula 1. 

A't'i 1 . Similar type, without S C. 

Denarius. There are no genuine silver or gold coins with this reverse. 
Montigny, 12. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 237, No. 4. 

1 1. C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P III 

P ' P. PIETAS. Pietas seated 1., holding patera; 1. arm 

resting on female statue. 

Rev. DIVO AVG. S C. Caligula standing 1., sacrificing 
at an altar, attended by two persons, one leading a bull, 
the other holding patera ; behind, temple of six columns, 
ornamented with garlands and statues. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. The " Paduan " is sometimes 

found countermarked with the letters N C A P R. Montigny, 10. 

Cohen, I., p. 149, No. 19; 2d. Ed., p. 238, No. 10. 

12. C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P III 

P P. Head of Caligula 1., laureate. 
Rcr. Same. 

Large-brass. This obverse and reverse are not found together on ancient 
coins. Montigny, 7. Cohen, I., p. 149, note I ; 2d Ed., I., p. 238, 
note I . 

13. Similar obverse. 

Rev. ADLOCVT COM. S C. The emperor standing 1., 
addressing five soldiers, who carry standards surmounted by 
eagles. 

Large-brass. All the genuine coins of Caligula with this reverse are with- 
out the letters S C. Montigny, 8. Cohen, I., p. 147, No. 10 ; 2d Ed., 
I., p- 236, No. i. 

Cavino designed four varieties of the Adlocutio type, which he used indis- 
criminately for the different emperors. 

i. ADLOCVT COM S C. Emperor standing 1., addressing 
five soldiers who carry standards surmounted by eagles. 

2. ADLOCVT S C. Emperor standing r., upon a platform, ad 
dressing soldiers armed with spears ; behind the emperor stands a male 
figure. 

3. ADLOCVT S Ci Emperor standing 1., upon a platform, ad- 
dressing soldiers who carry standards. 

4. ADLOCVTId Emperor, accompanied by two persons, standing 
upon a platform, addressing soldiers ; behind, horse. 

CLAUDIUS. 

,4. Tl -CLAVDIVS -CAESAR AVG P M - TR P IMP- P P. 
Head of Claudius r., laureate. 

Rev. NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMAN IMP. S 
C. Triumphal arch surmounted by the equestrian statue of 
Prusus r., between two trophies. 



10 IMITATIVE MEDALS. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 5. Cf. Cohen, I., 
p. 164; No. 80; 2d Ed., I., p. 254, No. 48. 

15. Similar obverse. 

Rev. SPES AVGVSTA. S C. Spes standing 1., extending 
her hand toward the emperor who stands between two sol- 
diers. 

Large-brass. This reverse belongs to Vespasian, No. 34. Montigny, 13. 

Cohen, 2d Ed., II., p. 223, No. 1408. 

NERO. 

16. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP 

P P. Bust of Nero r., laureate. 

Rev. ANNONA AVGVSTI -CERES S C. Ceres seated 
1., holding torch and ears of corn ; before her stands Annona 
holding cornucopia, resting r. hand on her hip ; between 
them, an altar with modius upon it ; in the background, a 
prow r. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 14. Cohen, I., p. 
186, No. 79; zd Ed., I., p. 279. No. 14. 

Cavino engraved two dies with the head of Nero, both having the same in- 
scription, but on one the head is bearded, while the other is without beard. 

17. Similar obverse. 

Rev. DECURSIO. S C. Nero on horseback riding r. 
holding spear, and followed by a horseman bearing standard 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 15. Cohen, L,p. 
191, No. 122; 2d Ed., I., p. 285, No. 83. Keary, 121. 
In addition to the ' Paduan ' there is another modern die with the Decursio 
type, of the size of the denarius, which has been used for gold, silver and 
bronze. Obv. NERO CAESAR AVG C IMP. Head of Nero r., 
laureate. Rev. DECVR. The emperor on horseback riding r. , with 
couched spear, followed by a foot-soldier ; before him, a fallen soldier with 
spear and shield. Cf. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 285, Note I. * 

1 8. Similar obverse. 

Rev. AVGVSTI. S POR OST C. The Port of Ostia, 
within, seven ships ; above, lighthouse, surmounted by a 
statue ; below, the river Tiber reclining, holding oar and 
dolphin. 

Large-brass. The genuine coin with similar obverse has eight ships on the 
reverse. Montigny, 16. Cohen, I., p. 187, No. 95 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 281, 
No. 38. 

19. Similar obverse. 

Rev. ADLOCVT COH. S C Emperor standing 1. ad- 
dressing five soldiers who carry standards surmounted by 
eagles. 

Large-brass. This variety of the Adlocutio is not found on the genuine 
coins of Nero. Montigny, 17. Cf, npte to No. 13. 



IMITATIVE MEDALS. II 



GALBA. 



20. IMP - SER SVLP GALBA CAES AVG TR POT. Bust of 

Galba r., 1'aureate. 

Rev. HONOS ET VIRTVS. S C. Honos and Virtus 

standing, face to face ; Honos holds sceptre and cornucopia ; 

Virtus in armor, holds spear and sword, and foot on helmet. 

Large-brass. Genuine coins with this reverse have a different inscription on 

the obverse. Montigny, 18. Cohen, I., p. 232, No. 133 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 

325, No. 92. 

21. Similar obverse. 

Rev. ADLOCVT -COM. S C. Emperor addressing his 

soldiers. 

Large-brass. The genuine coins of Galba with the Adlocutio reverse all 
bear the inscription ADLOCVTIO S C. Montigny, 19-21. Cohen, 
I., p. 229, No. 104 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 320, No. 6. Cf. note to No. 13. 

OTHO. 

22. IMP M OTHO -CAESAR AVG TR P Head of Otho r. 

Rev. SECVRITAS P R Securitas standing 1., holding 

wreath. 

Denarius. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 22. Cohen, I. 253, 
No. 13 ; 2cl Ed., I., p. 353, No. 16. 

2v IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR POT Head of Otho r. 

Rev. SECVRITAS P R - S C The emperor standing 
r., before an altar, extending his hand toward four soldiers 
who carry standards. 

Large-brass. Types invented by Cavino. No copper coins of Otho were 
struck at Rome. Montigny, 23. Cohen, I., p. 254, Note I. 2d Ed., I. 
p. 354, Note i. 

24. IMP -OTHO CAES AVG P M -COS II Head of Otho r. 

Rev. SECVRITAS P R Securitas standing 1., holding 

wreath. 

Large-brass. Imitated from a denarius, No. 22. Montigny, 24. Cohen, 
2d Ed., I., p. 354, Note i. 

25. IMP OTHO -CAESAR AVG TR P Head of Otho r. 

Rev. S C Figure standing in a temple. 

Middle-brass. Montigny, 25. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 354, Note i. See 
note to No. 23. 

VlTELLIUS. 

26. A -VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP TR P. Head of 

Vitellius r. 

Rev. MAT AVG MAT SEN MAT PATR. Female (Julia 
Domna) seated 1., holding olive branch and sceptre. 



1 2 1M1TATIVK MKDA1.-. 

Denarius. The reverse-type and inscription belong to Julia Domna, but it 
does not appear that Cavino engraved an obverse-die for this empress. 
Montigny, 26. 

27. A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP AVG P M TR P . 

liust of Vitellius r., laureate. 

Rev. HONOS ET VIRTVS. S C Honos and Virtus 
standing face to face, one with foot on dolphin, the other on 
tortoise. 

Large-brass. The dolphin and tortoise are not found on the genuine coins 
of this type. Montigny, 27. Cohen, I., p. 262, No. 69; 2d Ed., I., p. 
35 9 , No. 38. 

28. A VITELLIVS -GERMAN IMP AVG P M TR Bust of 
Vitellius r., laureate. 

Rev. S C Mars helmeted, walking r., carrying trophy over 
his shoulder, and spear. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin with similar inscription on obverse. 
Monligny. 28. Cohen. I., p. 265, No. 86 ; 2d Ed. I., p. 362, No. 78. 
In addition to the ' Paduans' there are modern dies of two other coins of 
Vitellius: 

i. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVC P M TR P. Head 
of Vitellius r. , laureate. 

Rev. PAX AVCVSTI S C The emperor standing ]., giving 
his hand to a soldier. Middle-brass. Cohen. 2d Ed. I., p. 361, No. 68. 
The obverse inscription on the genuine coin is GERMAN IMPi etc. 

2 ._A VITELLIVS CERMA IMP AVC- P M TR P. 
Bust of Vitellius, r., draped and laureate. Rev. SECVRITAS P 
ROMAN! S C. Securitas seated 1. , near an altar by the side of which 
is a torch. Large brass. This coin is imitated from a middle-brass coin 
having a different obverse-inscription, and a cornucopia instead of a torch 
near the altar on the obverse. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 362, No. 83. 

VESPASIAN. 

29. IMP CAES VESP AVG P - M -COS Illl. Head of 

Vespasian r., laureate. 

Rev. IMP The emperor in a quadriga r., holding sceptre 
and branch. 

Denirius. The genuine coins of this type have no inscription on the 
reverse. Montigny, 30. Cohen, L, p. 296, No. 234; 2d Ed., I., p. 382, 
Note I, and p. 418. No. 643. 

30. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P 

C V. Bust of Vespasian r., laureate. 

Rev. IVDAEA CAPTA. S C. Judcea, mourning, seated r., 
beneath palm-tree ; behind stands male captive. 

Large-brass. The inscription of the obverse is not found on genuine coins. 
Montigny, 31. Cohen, I., p. 306, No. 307; 2d Ed.. L. p. 385, No. 239. 



IMITATIVE MEDALS. 13 

31. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS 

III. Bust of Vespasian r., laureate. 

Rev. HONOS ET VIRTVS. S C. Honos and Virtus, 
standing face to face. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 33. Cf. Cohen, 
I., p. 304, No. 297 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 382, No. 202. 

32. Similar obverse. 

Rev. ROMA RESVRGES. S . C. The emperor standing 
1. raising Roma, at whose side stands Virtus. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 29. Keary, 122. 
Cohen, I., p. 317, No. 392; 2d Ed., I., p. 400, No. 425. 

33. Similar obverse. 

Rev. S C. Mars, naked, walking r., carrying trophy and 
spear. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 32. Cf. Cohen, I., 
p. 320, No. 413 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 401, No. 441. 

34. Similar obverse. 

Rev. SPES AVGVSTA S C. Spes standing 1., extending 
her hand to the emperor, who is accompanied by two soldiers. 

Large-brass. On the genuine coin Spes holds a flower in her hand and one 
of the soldiers carries a standard. Montigny, 34. Cohen, I., p. 326, No. 
461 ; 2d Ed., L, p. 408, No. 514 ; II., p, 223, No. 1408. 

TlTUS. 

35 . DIVO AVG T DIVI VESP F VESPASIAN. S C. Titus 

seated 1., holding laurel branch ; around him, arms, etc. 

Rev. View of the Flavian Amphitheatre or Colosseum from 
above.; to 1., the Meta Sudans. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 35. Cohen, I., p. 
359, No. 163 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 461, No. 399. 

36. IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS 

VIII. Bust of Titus 1., laureate. 

Rev. Similar to obverse of No. 35. 

Large-brass. This obverse and reverse are not found together on genuine 
coins. Keary, 123. 

37. Similar obverse. 

Rev, IVDAEA CAPTA. S C, Judrea, mourning, seated 
r. beneath palm-tree ; behind, male captive standing r., 
around him, arms. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 36. Keary, 124. 
Cf, Cohen, I., p. 363, No. 187 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 439, No. 114. 



14 IMITATION MEDALS. 

38. IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS 

VIII. Bust of Titus r., laureate. 

Rev. Similar. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 37. Cohen, 2d Ed., 
I-, P- 439, No: 114. 

39. Similar obverse. 

Rer. S C. Mars, helmeted, walking r., carrying trophy 
over his shoulder, and spear. 

Large-brass. Genuine coins with this reverse have a different inscription 
on the obverse. Montigny, 38. Cf. Cohen, I., p. 373, Nos. 259-262 ; 2d 
Ed., I., p. 446, Nos. 198-203. 

There are modern dies of another large-brass of Titus, with the following 
reverse : ITALIA. Italia seated on a globe, wearing turreted crown. 
Cohen, VII., p. 78, nota ; 2d Ed., I., p. 461, note I. 

DOMITIAN. 

4 0. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVII CENS 

PER P . P. Bust of Domitian r., laureate, in paludamentum. 
Rev. PONT - MAX TR P -VIII LVD SAEC. S C. The 
emperor seated 1., upon a suggestum, receiving offerings 
from a woman and child ; before him a basket ; on the side 
of the platform, SVF P D ; behind, temple. 

Large-brass. The genuine coin of this type bears on the reverse the in- 
scription COS XI III LVD SAEC. S C. Montigny, 39. Cohen, 
VII., p. 80, No. 305 ; 2d Ed., I., p. 477, No. Si, and p. 502, note i. 
There are three other modern dies of this type which differ from Cavino's 
in several respects : 

i. IMP CAES DOMIT AVC GERM COS Xllll PERP 
P P. Head r., laureate. Rev. Similar, but with TR P VII. 

2. IMP CAES DOMIT AVC GERM COS XII CENS 
PER P P. Head r., laureate. Rev. Similar, but with TR P 
VIII ; and SPQQO on the front of the platform. 

3. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS Xllll CENS 

PER P P. Head r., laureate. Rev. Same as preceding reverse. 
Cohen, VII., p. 80, No. 305. 

41. Similar obverse. 

Rev. SPES AVGVSTA. S C. Spes standing 1., extending 
her hand toward the emperor who is standing between two 
soldiers. 

Large-brass. This reverse belongs to Vespasian, No. 34. Cohen, 2d Ed., 
II., p. 223, No. 1408. 

DOMITIA. 

42. DOMITIA AVGVSTA - IMP DOMIT. Head of Domitia r. 

Denarius. The reverse die for this obverse is not known. It may have 
been used with reverse of No . 26, which has no corresponding obverse. 
Montigny, 40. Cf. Cohen, 2d Ed., I., p. 535, No. I. 



IMITATION MEDALS. 15 

NERVA. 

43. IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P. 

Head of Nerva r., laureate. 

Rev, ADLOCVT AVG. S C. The emperor standing 1., on 
a platform addressing four soldiers. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 42. Cf. Cohen, I., 
p. 473, No. 66 ; 2d Ed., II, p. i, No. I. 

44. Similar obverse. 

Rev. CONGIAR P R. S C. The emperor holding 
scroll seated r., on curule chair placed on a suggestum, 
presiding at a congiarium ; before him, a praefect distribut- 
ing gifts to a citizen who is mounting the steps of the sug- 
gestum ; behind, soldiers, and Liberalitas. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 41. Cf. Cohen, I., 
p. 475, No. 81 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 4, No. 37. 

TRAJAN. 

45. IMP CAES ' NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M 

TR P COS V P P. Bust of Trajan r., laureate. 

Rev. S P -Q R -OPTIMO PRINCIPI.S -C. River 
god reclining 1., under an arch supported by two columns 
beneath, AQVA TRAIANA. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 43. Cohen, II., 
p. 50, No. 307 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 20, No. 23. 

46. IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC. 

Bust of Trajan r., laureate, in paludamentum. 

Rev. PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P S P 

Q R Head of Sol r., radiate. 

Denarius. The S on the reverse of the imitative coin is reversed. Mon- 
tigny, 44. Cohen, II., p. 18, No. 99 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 38, No. 188. 
There are also two other modern dies of large-brass coins of Tiajan, both 
imitated from genuine coins : 

i. -IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG CER 
DAC P M TR P COS VI P P Bust r., laureate. Rev. 
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI. BASILICA VLPIA 
S C. A grand edifice, adorned with statues. Large-brass. Cohen, II., 
p. 51, No. 319 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 22, No. 44. 

2. Similar obverse. Rev. PORTVM TRAIANI. S C. Walls 
of an hexagonal port, vessels at anchor within. Large-brass. Cohen, II., 
p. 59, No. 366 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 49, No. 306. 

HADRIAN. 

47. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. Bust of Hadrian r., in cuirass and 

paludamentum. 

Rev. FELICITATI AVG. COS III P P S C. (lalley 
sailing r., with two ranks of oars, bearing standards, and in 
the bow, statue of Neptune, holding sceptre. 



l6 IMITATIVE MEDALS. 

Large-brass. On the genuine coins there are eight rowers in the first row 
and six in the second, while the " Paduan " has ten, and eight ; and on 
the genuine coins Neptune holds a trident in place of a sceptre. Montigny, 
45. Cohen, II., p. 212, No. 876 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 167, No. 710. Keary, 
125. 

48. Similar obverse. 

Rev. FID EXERCIT. S ' C. The emperor addressing three 
soldiers. 

Large-brass. This reverse-type is not found on the genuine coins of 
Hadrian. Montigny, 46. Cohen, II., p. 213, note I ; 2d Ed., II., p. 
167, note i. 

49 . HADRIANVS AVG COS -III P P. Bust of Hadrian r., in 

paludamentum. 

Rev. Bridge ; to 1., circular building. 

Medallion. Type invented by Cavino. Cf. Montigny, 47. Cohen, II., 
p. 172, No. 576; 2d Ed., II., p. 234, No. 1508. 

50. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG. Bust of Hadrian 

r., in cuirass and paludamentum. 

Rtv. COS III ' NEP. Galley with rowers. 

Denarius. The genuine coin with this reverse-type is without the inscrip- 
tion NEP., and the obverse-inscription is different. Montigny, 48. Cohen, 
II., p. 123, note i ; 2d Ed., II., 143, No. 445. 

ANTINOUS. 

51. OCTIAIOC MAPKCAAUC IEPEYC -TOY ANTINOOY. 

Bust of Antinous r., in paludamentum. 

Rev. TOIC AXAIOIC ANEeHKE. Mercury with caduceus 

holding back Pegasus. 
Medallion. Montigny, 92. Keary, 126. 

52. ANTINOOC HPOC. Bust of Antinous r., crowned with ivy, 

wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 

Rev. MAGIS VICI SED TIBI. Horseman r., piercing 
with his spear another horseman whose horse has fallen ; in 
the background r., triumphal arch. 

Medallion. Cf. Armand, I., p. 182, No. 22. This rare medal was formerly 
owned by M. His de la Salle, and was sold with his collection at London, 
in 1880 (No. 207 of the catalogue of the sale). It was purchased by M. Al- 
fred Armind, to whom I am indebted for its description. See No. 99. 



53. L AELIVS CAESAR. Bust of ^Elius r., draped. 

Rev. PANNONIAE CVRTA AEL S C. Two persons 
facing each other, one seated, the other standing. 
Large-brass. This type is not found on the genuine coins of /Elius. Mon- 
tigny, 50. Cf, Rasche, Lexicon universae rei numariae veterum, III, 2d 
pt., 485. 



JMITATIVE MEDALS. 17 

54. L AELIVS ' CAESAR. Head of ^Elius r. 

Rev. TR POT COS II S C CONCORD. Concordia 

seated 1., holding cornucopia and patera. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 49. Cf. Cohen, 
II., p. 270, No. 28 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 258, No. 7. 

ANTONINUS Pius. 

55. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVI. Head of An- 

toninus r. 

Rev. COS -III. The emperor standing r., receiving an 
olive-branch from Roma, who is seated 1. upon a cuirass and 
crowned by Victory standing behind. 

Large-brass. The reverse-type belongs to a medallion of Lucius Verus, 
No. 62. Montigny, 51. 

In addition to the ' Paduan ' there are modern dies of three medallions of 
Antoninus Pius, the types of which are not found on genuine medallions. 

i. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS Nil. 

Head of Antoninus Pius r. 

Rev. Bacchus and Ariadne seated r. ; a panther at the feet of Bacchus ; 
facing them, Silenus holding wine cup ; to 1., a slave carrying plate ; to r., 
two Bacchantes, one playing on a flute, the other on a tambourine ; in the 
centre, a term and a satyr. Cohen, II., p. 336, No. 425 ; VII., p. 137, 
No. 425 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 397, note. 

2. Similar obverse (same die as the preceding obverse). 
Rev. Hercules standing r., before a tree, holding club, bow and lion's 
skin ; upon a rock before him is Telephus suckled by a hind. Cohen, II., 
P- 337, No. 430 ; VII., p. 137, No. 430 ; 2d Ed., II., p. 397, note. 

3. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XI COS 
Illl. Bust of Antoninus Pius r. , laureate, wearing aegis. 
Rev. Theseus fighting the centaurs; to 1. , Eurytus carrying off Hip- 
podameia ; and a dead centaur on the ground ; to r., one of the Lapithse 
fighting; in the back-ground, temple with four columns. Cohen, II., p. 
338, No. 436 ; VII., p. 137, No. 436; 2d Ed., II., p. 397, note. 

MARCUS AURELIUS. 

56. M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIX. Bust of M. Aurelius r., 

laureate, in cuirass and paludamentum. 

Rev. IMP VII COS- III. Victory seated r. on shield, 
holding palm, and on her knees a shield inscribed VIC ' AVG.; 
in front, trophy. 

Medallion. Imitation of a genuine medallion. Montigny, 52. Cohen, 
II., p. 503, No. 367. Cavino engraved two obverse dies for this medal, 
which differ but slightly in workmanship. 

57. AVRELIVS CAESAR AUG Pll F COS T. Bust of M. Au- 

relius r., in cuirass and paludamentum. 

Rev. TR P VII IMP Illl COS III P P. Jupiter 
seated r., on the seven hills of Rome, receiving the emperor 
who holds Victory and is crowned by Virtus. 

Medallion. The reverse type belongs to a medallion of Lucius Verus, No. 
60. Montigny, 53. Keary, 127. Cohen, II. , p. 507, note. 



1 8 IMITATIVE MEDALS. 

58. Similar obverse. 

Rev. A seated figure (Argos), near a building, working at 
the prow of a ship ; before him stands Minerva leaning on a 
shield inscribed VIC ' AVG. 

Medallion. On the genuine medallion the inscription of the obverse is 
COS II and on the reverse the shield bears a griffin in place of VIC 
AVG. Cohen, II., p. 511. No. 400; VII., p. 164, No. 400. 

FAUSTINA, junior. 

59. FAVSTINA-AVG ANTONINI AVG P.I FIL Bust of Faustina 

r., draped, hair bound with fillet. 

Rev. S C. The empress and five veiled women sacrificing 
to r. and 1. of an altar before the temple of Vesta ; a statue is 
seen in the cella. 

Medallion. Imitation of a genuine medallion. Montigny, 54. Keary, 

128. Cf. Cohen, II., p. 588, No. 101. 

Lucius VERUS. 

60. L VERVS -AVG -ARM PARTH MAX TR P VMM. Bust 

of L. Verus r., laureate. 

Rev. TR P VM IMP MM COS III P P. Jupiter 
seated r. upon the seven hills of Rome receiving the emperor 
who holds Victory and is crowned by Virtus. 

Medallion. The genuine medallion is without P ' P on the reverse. 

Montigny, 55. Cohen, III., p. 16, No. 97. 

61. L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX. Bust of L. Verus L, 

laureate. 

Rev. TR P VM IMP - MM - COS III. Same type. 

Medallion Imitation of a genuine medallion. Montigny, 56. Cohen, 
III., p. 16, No. 97. See No. 57. 

62. L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX TR P VMM. Bust of 

L. Verus r., laureate, in cuirass and paludamentum. 

Rtv. COS 111. The emperor standing r., receiving an 
olive branch from Roma who is seated 1. on a cuirass and 
crowned by Victory, standing behind. 

Medallion. Imitation of an ancient medallion. Montigny, 57. Cohen, 
III., p. 14, No. 92. 

63. Similar obverse. 

Rev. Same as reverse of No. 58. 

Medallion. This reverse-type belongs to Marcus Aurelius, No. 58. Mon- 
tigny, 58. 

COMMODUS. 

64. M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS BRIT. Bust of 

Commodus r., laureate, in cuirass and paludamentum. 



IMITATIVE MEDALS. 19 

Rev. P M TR P X IMP VI COS III P P. 
SALVS. Salus seated 1., holding patera to serpent which is 
twined round a tree ; before her, statue (of ^Esculapius ? ) 
upon a column. 

Medallion. The reverse of this beautiful medallion is imitated from a 
large-brass coin. Montigny, 59, and Le Cabinet de 1'Amateur, IV., p. 20, 
ills- Keary, 129. Cohen, III., p. 118, note and p. 168, No. 735. This 
reverse was also used with the obverse -die bearing the head of Cosimo 
Scapti, No. 108. 

In addition to the ' Paduan ' there is a modern die of another medallion of 
Commodus, with Annius Verus ; Obv. COMMODVS CAES 
VERVS CAES- Youthful busts face to face of Commodus and Annius 
Verus ; each wears paludamentum. Rev. TEMPORVM FELICITAS. 
The four seasons represented by four children with attributes. Cf- Cohen, 
II., p. 608, No. i. This piece is an exact imitation of a genuine med- 
allion, except that the hair on the head of Commodus is raised from the 
forehead, as on the coins of Pompeius. 

PERTINAX. 

65. IMP CAES P HELV PERTINAX AVG. Bust of Pertinax 

r., laureate. 

Rev. PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM COS II. S- C. Female 
figure standing 1., extending her hand toward a globe. 

Large-brass. On genuine coins the globe is always radiate. Montigny, 

60. Cohen, III., p. 205, No. 44. 

In addition to the ' Paduan ' there is a very deceptive modern middle- 
brass coin of Pertinax, imitated from a genuine large-brass : Obv. IMP 
CAES P HELV PERTINAX AVC. Head of Pertinax r., 
laureate. Rev. LIB AVC TR P COS II.-S C. Liberalitas 
standing facing, head 1., holding tessera and cornucopia. A genuine 
middle-brass has a similar reverse, but the obverse inscription is different, 
and the head is radiate. Friedlsender, Ein Verzeichniss von Griechischen 
falschen Mtlnzen . , . Berlin, 1883, p. 50. Cf. Cohen, III., p. 204, Nos. 
35 and 36. 

DlDIUS JULIANUS. 

66. IMP CAES M DID SEVEH IVLIAN AVG. Bust of Didius 

Julianus r., laureate. 

Rev. P M ' TR P COS. Fortuna standing 1. 

Denarius. The inscription on the genuine coin is SEVER- Montigny, 

61. Cohen, III., p. 208, No. 6. 

67. IMP CAESAR M - DID SEVERVS IVLIAN AVG P P. 

Bust of Didius Julianus r., laureate, in cuirass and paluda- 
mentum. 

Rev. COS II. S C. Quadriga 1., horses in high action ; 

above Victory flying r., crowning the charioteer. 
Medallion. The reverse is imitated from Syracusan decadrachms. Mon- 
tigny, 62. Keary, 130. Cohen, III., p. 209, note. 

ALBINUS. 

68. CLOD SEPT ALBIN - CAES. Head of Albinus r. 

Rev. ITALIA. S C. Italia seated, holding Victory. 



20 IMITATIVE MEDALS. 

Large-brass. This reverse is not found on the genuine coins of Albinus, 
Montigny, 63. 

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 

69. L SEPTIMIVS SEVERVS PERTINAX AVG IMP VII. Bust 

of Sept. Severus r., laureate. 

Rev. DIVI M Pll F P M TR P Illl COS II P P. 

Mars standing, leaning on a shield and spear ; behind him, 

cuirass. 

Medallion. Imitation of a genuine medallion. Montigny, 64. Cf. Cohen, 
III., p. 290, No. 467. 

CARACALLA. 

70. M AVRELIVS ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT P M -TR 

P XVI. Bust of Caracalla r., laureate, in cuirass and paluda- 

mentum. 

Rev. IMP II COS III! P P. S C. The emperor in 
triumphal car drawn by four horses walking r. 

Medallion. The reverse is imitated from a large-brass of Titus. Montigny, 

65. Cohen, III., p. 413, No. 382 ; VII., p. 221, No. 382. 

GETA. 

71 . IMP CAES SEPT GETA PIVS AVG PONT TR POT 

COS -II P P. Bust of Geta r., laureate, in cuirass and 

paludamentum. 

Rev. ADLOCVTIO. The emperor accompanied by two per- 
sons on a platform, addressing his soldiers ; behind, horse. 

Large-brass. There are no genuine coins of Geta with the Adlocutio 

reverse. Montigny, 66. Cohen, VII., p. 227, No. 472. Cf. note to 

No. 13. 

ELAGABALUS. 

72. IMP CAES M AYR ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Bust of 

Elagabalus r., laureate. 

Rev. SACERD DEI SOUS ELAGAB. S C. The em- 
peror standing L, sacrificing at an altar ; in the field 1., 
star. 

Large-brass. Imitation of a genuine coin. Montigny, 69. Cohen, III. 
p. 542. No. 222. 

The following dies by Cavino have no corresponding obverse and reverse : 
MACRINUS. Rev. PONT MAX TR P II COS II -P P. The 
emperor in a quadriga, crowned by Victory. Denarius. Montigny, 67. 
Cohen, III., p. 493, No. 39. 

DIADUMENIANUS. Obv. M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIANVS 
CAES. Head r. Denarius. Montigny, 68. 

In addition to Cavino's imitative coins there are modern dies of a large- 
brass of Julia Paula, and of medallions of Severus Alexander and Mamsea. 

JULIA PAULA. IVLIA PAVLA AVC. Bust of Julia Paula r. 

Rev. CONCORDIA AETERNA. S C. Elagabalus standing r.^ 
giving his hand to Julia Paula ; between th.e.ni stands Concordia, facing. 



IMITATIVE MEDALS. 21 

Large-brass. Cohen, III., p. 549, No. 19. The A and V on this imita- 
tive piece are much narrower and sharper than on the genuine coins. 

SEVERUS ALEXANDER and JULIA MAM.KA. i. IMP SEV ALEX- 
AMD AVG IVLIA MAMAEA AVG MATER AVC. 
Busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea face to face ; Severus in 
paludamentum and cuirass ; Mamaea draped and wearing stephane. 
Rev. FELICITAS TEMPORVM. Alexander seated 1. on curule 
chair, holding globe and roll ; and crowned by Victory standing behind ; 
before him stands Julia Mamaea (?) r. , holding sceptre, and behind, Felici- 
tas (?), standing 1. Imitation of a genuine medallion. Cohen, IV., p. 70, 
No. 6. 

2. Similar obverse. 

Rev. PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P. The Baths 
of Severus Alexander. Imitations of a genuine medallion. Cohen, IV., p. 
71, No. 10. 



HOMER. 

73. OMHPOC. Bust of Homer r., draped. 

Rev. Male figure wearing helmet and cuirass standing be- 
tween Jupiter and Ceres seated ; before him, eagle and 
Victory ; beneath, sea and land personified. 

Contorniate. The inscription on the genuine contorniate is always 
f/'MEPOC. Montigny, 94. Cohen, VI., p. 554, No. I. Mazzuchelli, 
I., p. 7, pi. II., 4. 

MITHRADATES VI. (the Great) Eupator (Dionysus) B. c. 
121-63. 

74. Head of Mithradates r., with flowing hair. 

Rev. BA^IAE/l^ MI G PAJATOY ; EYnATOPO^. Stag 
feeding 1., in the field 1., star and crescent, and 2\< ; in the 
field r., monogram (IAYP) and Q\2 ; all in wreath of ivy- 
leaves and berries. 

Tetradrachm. Copy of a genuine coin. Montigny, 93. Friedlsender, 
Ein Verzeichniss von Griechischen falschen Miinzen . . . Berlin, 1883. 
PP- 34-5- 

ARTEMISIA. 

75. APTEMI^IA^ BA^IAI^^A. Head of Artemisia 1., veiled. 

Rev. MAY^jflAEION. Mausoleum surmounted by quadriga, 
and ornamented with statues. 
Medallion. Types invented by Cavino. Montigny, 91. 

76. Head of Hercules r., within ornamented circle. 

Rev. Hercules standing 1., leaning on a long club, receiving 
from Deianeira the garment steeped in the blood of Nessus ; 
in the exergue, eagle and rB ; all within ornamented circle. 
Medallion. Montigny, 90. Cicognara, II., pp. 426-30. 



22 



PORTRAIT MEDALS. 





No. 80. 

PORTRAIT MEDALS. 

ACCOLTI (Benedetto), b. at Florence in 1497 ; archbishop of 
Ravenna in 1525 ; cardinal in 1527 ; d. 1549. 

77. BE ACCOLTVS CAR RAVEN NAE. Bust of cardinal Accolti 

r., wearing cardinal's cap. 

Rev. OPTIMIS ARTIBVS. A light house with two torches ; 

beneath, Neptune r., reclining upon the waves, holding 

trident. 

Dia. 34 m. Armand, I. Montigny, 77. Mazzuchelli, L. , 7, Litta, I., 
Accolti. 

ANTONINI (Floriano). 

78. FLOR1ANVS ANTONINVS ANDRE/t F (ilius). Bust of 

Floriano Antonini r., draped. 

Rev. AETERNITATI SACRVM (in ex.). A group of per- 
sons standing before an edifice of two stories. 

Dia. 37 m. Armand, 2. Montigny, 81. Mazzuchelli, LXIV., 5. 

BASSIANO (Alessandro), and Giovanni CAVING. 

79 . ALEXAND ' BASSIANVS ET IOHAN CAVINEVS PATAVINI. 

Jugate busts of Alessandro Bassiano and Giovanni Cavino r., 

in Roman dress. 

Rev. GENIO BENEVOLENTIAE DVLCIS. Genius stand- 
ing 1., holding dolphin on 1. arm, and pouring incense on an 
altar. 

Dia. 37 m. Armand, 10. Keary, 116. 

80. Similar obverse. 

Rev. CERERI - LEG I FERAE. Ceres standing 1., holding 
cornucopia and book of laws. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 9. Montigny, 70. 

81. Similar obverse. 

Rev. VI RT AET -CONS. Eagle, with wings spread, 



PORTRAIT MEDALS. 23 

standing 1. upon an overturned vase, out of which grows a 
plant. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 8. See also No. 87. 

BATTAGLINI (Giovanni). 

82. IOHANNES BATTAGLINVS. Bust of Giovanni Battaglini 1. 

Rev. EN HAEC VESTI VETE. Male figure seated near 
an edifice in ruins. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 3. 

BENAVIDI (Giovanni Pietro Mantova), a celebrated physician 
of Padua ; d. 1520. 

83. 10 PET MAN BONAVf MEDICVS PATER. Bust of 

Gianpiero Benavidi 1., in loose robe. 

Rev. AETERNITAS MANT. Fapade of temple of eight 
columns ; within, a statue. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 4. Montigny, 82. Mazzuchelli, XXXVI., 4. 

BENAVIDI (Marco Mantova), son of the preceding, b. 1489 ; he 
held the chair of jurisprudence at the university of Padua ; 
knighted by Charles V., 1545 ; d. 1582. 

84. MARCVS MANT BONAVIT PATAVIN IVR CON. Bust of 

Marco Mantova Benavidi 1., in loose robe. 

Rev. Similar to obverse of No. 83. 
Dia. 38 m. Armand, 5. Mazzuchelli, LXXXIV., 2. 

85. Similar obverse. 

Rev. AETERNITAS MANT. Same as reverse of No. 83. 

Dia. 38 m. Armand, 6. Montigny, 83. Keary, 114. Mazzuchelli, 
LXXXIV, 5. 

86. Similar obverse. 

Rev. LVCAS SALVIONVS PAT IVR CON. Same as ob- 
verse of No. 107. 
Dia. 38 m. Armand, 32. Montigny, 95. 

87. MARCVS MANTVA BONAVITVS PATAVINVS IVR CON. 

Bust of Marco Mantova Benavidi 1., in Roman dress. 

Rev. ALEXAND - BASSIANVS IT IOHAN CAVINEVS 

PATAVIN I. Same as obverse of No. 77. 

Dia. 37 m. Armand, 7. Mazzuchelli, LXXXIV., 4. Cicognara, II., 
p. 426. 

CAVING, see BASSIANO. 

CONTARINI (Marcantonio), a patrician of Venice, surnamed "il 
Filosofo"; d. circ. 1550. 

88. M ANTONIVS CONTARENVS. Bust of Marcantonio Con- 

tarini 1., in Venetian tunic. 



24 PORTRAIT MEDALS. 

Rev. PAT AVI VM M D XL. Female figure (Padua), 

helmeted, seated 1. on arms, holding scales and cornucopia. 

Dia. 40 m. Armand, n. Montigny, Si. Keary, 106. Mazzuchelli, XLV., 5. 

CORNARO (Girolamo), rector of the University of Padua. 

89. HIER CORNELIVS. Bust of Girolamo Cornaro r., in loose 

tunic. 

Rev. PAVPERTATIS PATAVIN/t TVTOR. M D 
XXXX. Cornaro seated 1. in curule chair on platform, feed- 
ing the poor; beneath chair, dog r.; on platform, DEO 
OPT FAV. 

Dia. 36 m. Armand, 12. Montigny, 80. Keary, 115. Cicognara, II., 
426-30. 

DECIANO (Tiberio), a lawyer, b. in Auronzo, 1508 ; became a 
magistrate of Udine, and in this capacity defended the priv- 
ileges of that town ; d., 1581. He left several treatises and 
commentaries on civil and canon law. 

90. TIBERIVS DECIANVS IVR CON VTINENSIS AN XL 

Bust of Tiberio Deciano r., in Roman dress. 

Rev. HONESTE VIVAS ALTERV NON UtDAS IVS 
SVV CVIQ TRIBVAS. IVRISPRVDENCI/E. Deciano 
kneeling r. offering table of law to Jurisprudence seated 1., 
beside her stand Justice and Peace, holding laurel-wreath 
above her head. 

Dia. 38 m. Armand, 13. Montigny, 86. Keary, 100. Mazzuchelli, 

LXXXIV., i. 

DULCI (Giovanni An. Vin.), a jurist of Padua, b., 1482. 

9 r. 10 AN VI N DVLCIVS IVR CON CAN PAT AVI N AETA 
LVII. 1539. Bust of Dulci 1. 

Rev. GEN 10 BENEVOLENTIAE DVLCIS. Same as re- 
verse of No. 79. 

Dia. 37 m. Armand, 14. Montigny, 88. 
GEMMI (Girolamo). 

92. HIERONIMVS GEMMI. Bust of Girolamo Gemmi 1., in tunic 

and cloak. 

Rev. PAT AVI VM. Woman holding back horse galloping 1. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 16. Keary, 107. 

GRIMANI (Marino), Venetian ; created cardinal in 1528 ; he 
was legate of the Pope at Perugia and gained the gratitude of 
the inhabitants of that city by his wise administration ; 
d., 1546. 

93 . MARINVS ' GRIMANVS S R E CARD. Bust of cardinal 

Grimani r., in cardinal's cape. 



PORTRAIT MEDALS. 25 

Rev. PASTORIS MVNVS. Male figure standing 1., holding 

vase and staff. 

Dia. 36 m. Armand, 17. Montigny, 73. Mazzuchelli, LVII., 6. Tresor 
de Num., I., XXXV., 4. 

94. MARINVS GRIMANVS ' CAR LEGATVS. Bust of cardinal 

Grimani r., in cape. 

Rev. PERVSIA SVRGE (in ex.). The cardinal standing r., 
giving his hand to a fallen female (Perugia). 
Dia. 34 m. Armand, II., p. 175, No. 9. Mazzuchelli, LVII., 7. 

GUALTERUZZI (Goro). 

95. GORVS GVALTERVTIVS. Bust of Goro Gualteruzzi 1. 

Rev. PATAVIVM. Same as reverse of No. 92. 
Dia. 34 m. Armand, 18. 

JULIUS III. (Giovanni Maria del Monte), b., 1487 ; elected 
Pope in 1550 ; d., 1555. 

9 6. IVLIVS TERTIVS PONT MAX A V. 10 CAVINO P. 

Bust of Pope Julius III. r., in papal robes. 

Rev. ANGLIA RESVRGES. VT NVNC NOVISSIMO 
DIE. The pope in papal robes and tiara, giving his hand to 
kneeling female (England) ; by his side stand Queen Mary, 
Charles V., Philip II., and Cardinal Pole. 

Dia. 48 m. Armand, 27. Tresor de Num., Med. pap., IX., 4* Bolzen- 
thal, p. loo. Bonanni, Numismata pont. rom., I., 15, 243. This rare 
medal was struck to commemorate the reconciliation of England with the 
Pope, and the re-establishment of |the dominion of the Romish church. It 
has been imitated in recent times. 

LUDOVISI, see PANICO. 
MELSI (Giovanni), a jurist of Milan. 

97 . IOANNES MELSIVS IVR C. Bust of Giovanni Melsi r., in 

loose robes. 

Rev. GENIO MELSI. Genius standing 1., holding cornu- 
copia, and pouring incense on an altar. 

Dia. 36m. Armand, 20. Mazzuchelli, LXXXIIL, 5. 

MONTE (Balduino del), brother of Pope Julius III. ; made 
count of Montesansavino in 1550 ; d., 1556. 

9 8. BALDVINVS DE MONTE COMES. Bust of Balduino 

del Monte 1., draped. 

Rev. PROVIDENTIA CHRIST. Female standing, holding 

sceptre and rudder ; before her, a globe. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 21. Montigny, 75. 

99. Similar obverse. 

Rev. MAG IS VICI SED TIBI. Horseman r., piercing 
with his spear another horseman whose horse has fallen ; 
in the background r., triumphal arch. 



26 PORTRAIT MEDALS. 

Dia. 40 m. Armand, 22. Montigny, 74. Mazzuchelli, LX., 6. Litta, I., del 
Monte. This reverse, which is larger than the obverse, belongs to a medal 
of Antinous (No. 52). 

ORTENBURG (Bernhardt, Count of). 

too. BER COM ORTENBVRG XIX. Bust of the Count of 
Ortenburg r., in cuirass. 

Rev. A warrior about to bridle a free horse. 
Dia. 39 m. Armand, 24. 

PANICO (Girolamo, Count of), a citizen of Padua. He was a 
poet, and having become blind he was named Tiresias. 

LUDOVISI (Pompeo), father of Gregory XV. ; was several times 
a magistrate of Bologna, and died podesta of Lojano, 1565. 

101. HIERONYMVS PANICVS PAT POMPEIVS LVDOVISIVS 

BON. Jugate busts of the Count of Panico and Pompeo 
Ludovisi 1., one in embroidered, the other in plain tunic. 

Rev. TVTARE COLENTES ET NOS ET TVA 
SIGNA PI VS. Two shields. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 26. Keary, no. 

102. Similar obverse. 

Rev. GENIO BENEVOLENTIAE DVLCIS. Same as 
reverse of No. 79. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 25. 

PASSERI (Marcantonio), b., 1491 ; professor of Philosophy at 
the University of Padua ; d., 1565. 

103. M ANTON I VS PASSERVS PATAVIN. Bust of Marcantonio 

Passeri r., in loose robe. 

Rev. PHILOSOPHIA ' CO MITE REGREDIMVR. Human 
figure formed of two bodies joined, having one head with 
two faces. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 28. Montigny, 78. Mazzuchelli, LXIX., 3. 

104. M ANTON I VS PASSERVS PAT. Similar bust. 

Rev. PHILOSOPHIA- DVCE REGREDIMVR. Same type. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 29. Montigny, 79. Mazzuchelli, LXIX., 4. 

105. Similar to obverse of No. 103. 

Rev. SVPER ASPIDEM. Female, half draped, standing 
1., raising her hands toward the sun, and crushing a serpent 
with her foot. 

Dia. 37 m. Kluyskens, Des hommes celebres dans les sciences et les arts... 
Gand, 1859, II., p. 300. 

QUIRINI (Francesco), patrician of Venice, poet and warrior. 
He wrote in 1544. 

106. FRANC QVIRINVS. Bust of Francesco Quiririi r., in Roman 

dress. 



PORTRAIT MEDALS. 2J 

Rev. PERPETVA SO BOLES. Romulus and Remus 

suckled by the wolf r. 

Dia. 37 m. Armand, 30. Montigny, 76. Mazzuchelli, XLIV., 4, The 
reverse alludes to the pretended descent of the Quirini family from 
Romulus, who was called Quirinus after his deification. We find both 
Romulus and Remus spoken of in Juvenal zs> gemini Quirini (li, 105). 

SALVIONI (Luca), a jurist of Padua. 

107. LVCAS SALVIONVS PAT IVR CON. Bust of Luca 

Salvioni r., in loose robe. 

Rev. CERERI LEG I FERAE. Same as reverse of No. 80. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 31. Montigny, 95. Keary, 113. Mazzuchelli, 
XCVI., 9. 

See also No. 86. 
SCAPTI (Cosimo). 

1 08. COSMVS SCAPTIVS. Head of young Cosimo Scapti r. 

Rev. P M TR P X IMP VI COS III P P. 
SALVS. Salus seated 1. holding patera to a serpent which 
is twined round a tree ; before her, statue (of ^Esculapius ?) 
upon a column. 

Dia. 37 m. Armand, 33. Keary, 108. Same reverse as imitative coin 
of Commodus, No. 64. 

VERZI (Niccolo), a jurist of Capo d'Istria. 

109. NIC- VERTIVS- P-F- IVSTIN IVRE -CON. Bustof Niccolo 

Verzi r., in tunic. 

Rev. CERERI LEG I FERAE. Same as reverse of Nos. 80 

and 107. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 35. Keary, 112. Mazzuchelli, XCIII., 2. 

no. Similar obverse. 

Rev. SVPER ASPIDEM. Same as reverse of No. 105. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 34. Montigny, 87. Mazzuchelli, XCIII., I. 

ZUPONI (Giovanni Paolo), a citizen of Padua. 

in. 10 PAVLVS ZVPONVS PATAVINVS. Head of Giampolo 
Zuponi r. 

Rev. VIRT AET - CONS. Same as reverse of No. 81. 
Dia. 37 m. Armand, 36. Montigny, 89. Keary, in. 



CHRIST. 

112. IESVS LIBERATOR ET SALVATOR. 1565. IOAN 
CAVINVS PA. Bust of Christ 1., with 1. hand raised. 

Rev. DEVS TRINVS ET VNVS. God, with three faces, 
upon a globe ; to r. and 1., head of cherub ; beneath, two 
angels blowing trumpets. 
Dia Armand, 19. Montigny, 71. Cicognara, II., 426-30. 



28 



PORTRAIT MEDALS. 



113. PORVS ' CON SI LI I FILIVS. IOANES CAVINVS. Bust of Christ r., 
draped. 

Rev. OMNIA SVRSVM TRACTA - SVNT. Christ on the 
Cross, at the foot of which are Mary, Mary Magdalene, and 
John. 

Dia. 37 m. Zeitschrift flir Numismatik, VIII., 1881, p. 119, ills. The ob- 
verse inscription is explained by a passage of Plato (Symp. 203 b. c.), where 
mention is made of a mythological person called H6pof t " the way," the son 
of M/7nf " Counsel," and Zeus. This Poros, married to Penia, "Poverty" 
begat Eros, "Love." Plato's myth has thus been seized upon by Cavino 
as a beautiful and poetic prophecy of Christ. 




ALPHABETICAL LIST 

OF THE REVERSE INSCRIPTIONS. 



ADLOCVTIO, Caligula, 13 ; Nero, 19 ; Galba, 21 ; Nerva, 43 ; 

Geta, 71. 

AETERNITAS MANT, Benavidi (G. P.), 83 ; Benavidi (M. M.), 85. 
AETERNITATI SACRVM, Antonini, 78. 
AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA, Caligula, 9, 10. 
ANGLIA - RESVRGES. VT NVNC NOV1SSIMO DIE, Julius III., 

96. 

ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES, Nero, 16. 
AVGVSTI. POR OST, Nero, 18. 

BA2IAE.02 MI0PAJATOY EYJTATOPO^, Mithradates VI., 74. 

CERERI LEG I FERAE, Bassiano and Cavino, 80; Salvioni, 107; 

Verzi, 109. 

CONGIAR P R, Nerva, 44. 
COS II, Didius Julianus, 67. 
COS -III, Antoninus Pius, 55 ; Lucius Verus, 62. 
COS III NEP, Hadrian, 50. 

DECURSIO, Nero, 17. 

DEVS TRINVS ET VNVS, Christ, 112. 

DIVO -AVG, Caligula, n, 12. 

DIVI M - Pll F P M TR P III) COS II P P, Septimius 

Severus, 69. 
DIVO AVG . T . DIVI VESP F VESPASIAN, Titus 36. 

EN HAEC VESTI VETE, Battaglini, 82. 

FELICITATI - AVG. COS III P- P. Hadrian, 47. 
FID" EXERCIT, Hadrian, 48. 

GEN 10 BENEVOLENT! AE . DVLCIS, Bassiano and Cavino, 79 ; 

Dulci, 91 ; Panico and Ludovisi, 102. 
GENIO MELSI, Melsi, 97. 



30 ALPHABETICAL LIST 

HONESTE VIVAS ALTERV NON L/tDAS IVS SVV CVIQ 

TRIBVAS. IVR IS PRVDENCI/, Deciano, 90. 
HONOS -ET VIRTVS, Galba, 20 ; Vitellius, 27 ; Vespasian, 31. 

IMP, Vespasian, 29. 

IMP II COS III! P P, Caracalla, 70. 

IMP VII COS III. VIC AVG, Marcus Aurelius, 56. 

ITALIA, Albinus, 68. 

IVDAEA CAPTA, Vespasian, 30 ; Titus, 37, 38. 

L BVCA, Julius Caesar, 2. 

MAGIS VICI SED TIBI, Antinous, 52 ; Balduino del Monte, 99. 
MAT AVG MAT SEN MAT PATR, Vitellius, 26. 
MAY 2H A El ON, Artemisia, 75. 

NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMAN -IMP, Claudius, 14. 

OB -GIVES SER, Augustus, 4. 

OMNIA SVRSVM TRACTA SVNT, Christ, 113. 

OPTIMIS ARTIBVS. Accolti, 77. 

PANNONIAE CVRTA AEL, Aelius, 53 . 

PARTHICO -P-M-TR-P -COS -VI -P -P-S P Q R, Trajan, 46. 

PASTORIS MVNVS, Grimani, 93. 

PATAVIVM, Gemmi, 92 ; Gualteruzzi, 95. 

PATAVIVM. M . D XL, Contarini, 88. 

PAVPERTATIS PATAVIN/E TVTOR. M - D XXXX DEO OPT 

FAV, Cornaro, 89. 

PERPETVA SOBOLES, Quirini, 106. 
PERVSIA SVRGE, Grimani, 94. 

PHILOSOPHIA COMITE REGREDIMVR, Passeri, 103. 
PHILOSOPHIA DVCE REGREDIMVR, Passeri, 104. 
P-M-TR-P COS, Didius Julianus, 66. 
P M TR P X IMP VI COS -III P - P. SALVS, Commodus, 

64 ; Scapti, 108. 
PONT ' MAX ' TR P ' VIII LVD SAEC. SVF - P D, Domitian, 

40. 

PROVIDENTIA CHRIST, Balduino del Monte, 98. 
PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM COS ll.Pertinax, 65. 

ROMA RESVRGES, Vespasian, 32. 
ROME -T -AVG, Tiberius, 5. 

SACERD ' DEI SOUS ' ELAGAB, Elagabalus, 72. 



OF THE REVERSE INSCRIPTIONS. 31 

S C, Otho, 25 ; Vitellius, 28 ; Vespasian, 33 ; Titus, 39 ; Faustina, 

junior, 59. 

SECVRITAS P ' R, Otho, 22, 23, 24. 

SPES AVGVSTA, Claudius, 15 ; Vespasian, 34 ; Domitian, 41. 
S P Q R MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE, Agrippina, 7, 8. 
S P Q R OPTIMO -PRINCIPI AQVA 'TRAI ANA, Trojan, 45. 
SVPER ASPIDEM, Passed, 105 ; Verzi, no. 

Tl CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR - P - IMP, Antonia, 6. 

TOIC AXAIOIC ANEoHKE, Antinous, 51. 

TR POT COS II. CONCORD, Aelius, 54. 

TR P VII IMP Illl COS ' III P P, Marcus Aurelius, 57 ; 

Lucius Verus, 60, 61. 
TVTARE COLENTES ET NOS ET TVA SIGNA PIVS, Panico 

and Ludovisi, 101. 

VENI VIDI VICI, Julius Caesar, i. 

VIC AVG, Marcus Aurelius, 58 ; Lucius, 63. 

VIRT AET CONS, Bassiano and Cavino, 81 ; Zuponi, in. 



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