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,^4»t«T!J ,^^ 

JII)« Sodet? of tbe ■new Borfc toapital, 
Aatcb, 1898. 

Jfttiiral ttxmn. 



k ooyaax explanation of tbb tabioits subjects and terms or phtsioloot, patholoot, 
nroizNE; tuzbapbiitics, phaemaooloot, obstbtbics, medical JCRISPRUDENCB, tc^ 


EMPIRICAL, AHD Disrano pbepabations, bto. 




^ ^ ^^"^ <^^^' 





• • • • # 

Enterc%* abcbWlhig w thtf ^ct (yf Cc^ig^y A ^^ J^^ 1851, by 

in the Office of the Clerk of the District Ooort of the United States, in and for the 

Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 






€t|i9 Wzxk is Stltitsttit, 



PkOaddphia, October, 1851. 


In issuing a new edition of his IMctionaij the Author has^ again^ the pleasure 
to express his acknowledgments for the reception it has met with from the profes- 
sion. The last two editions comprised about nine thousand subjects and terms not 
contained in the edition immediately preceding, many of which had been introduced 
into medical terminology in consequence of the progress of the science^ and others 
had escaped him in the previous revisions. 

That the author has not suffered his exertions to diminish, in the preparation of 
the present edition, is sufficiently manifested by the fact, that he has added about 
four thousand terms, which are not to be found in the last. These additions 
have necessarily required a great amount of labour, which has been cheerfully be- 
stowed, however, in order that the work might be rendered still more worthy of the 
vast favouv which it has experienced. It has been the anxious desire of the author 
to make it a satisfiotctory and desirable — ^if not indispensable — lexicon, in which the 
student may search without disappointment for every term that has been legitimated 
in the nonDendature of the science ; and the present very carefully revised, greatly 
enlaiged, and accurately printed edition cannot fail to be more extensively useful, 
and to offer stronger claims to the attention of the practitioner and student, than 
any of its predecessors. 


Philadelphia, 18 Girard Street. 
October, 1851. 




The present undertaking was suggested by the frequent complaints, made by the 
aothor^s pupils, that they were unable to meet with information on numerous topics 
of professional inquiry, — especially of recent introduction, — ^in the medical diction- 
aries accessible to them. . It may, indeed, be correctly affirmed, that we have no 
dictionary of medical subjects and terms which can be looked upon as adapted to the 
state of the science. In proof of this, the author need but remark, that he has found 
occasion to add several thousand medical terms, which are not to be met with in the 
only medical lexicon at this time in circulation in the country. 

The author's object has not been to make a mere lexicon or dictionary of terms, 
bat to afford, under each, a condensed view of its various medical relations, and thus 
to render the work an epitome of the existing condition of medical science. In its 
preparation, he has freely availed himself of the English, French, and German 
works of the same nature, and has endeavoured to add every subject and term of 
recent introduction, which has fallen under his notice ; yet, with all his care, it will 
doubtless be found that subjects have been omitted. The numerous additions, how- 
ever, which he has made, and his strong desire to be useful, " by removing rubbish 
and clearing obstructions firom the paths through which learning and genius press 
forward to conquest and glory,'' will, he trusts, extenuate these and other objections 
that might be urged against the work ; especially when the toil, which every com- 
piler of a dictionary must endure, is taken into consideration ; a toil which has been 
80 forcibly depicted by the great English Lexicographer, as well as by the distin- 
guished Scauoeb: 

"St qnelqtt'an a oommis quelqite crime odieuz, 
S'il a tu6 son pdre, ou blasph^m^ lea Dieax, 
Qn'il fasse un Lexicon: e'il est supplice au monde 
Qui le punisse mieax, Je venx que Ton me tonde." 



If the simple synonymy of any tenn be needed, a mere reference to the term 
may be sufficient; but if farther information be desired, it may be obtained under 
the term referred to. For example, the French word Tronc is said to be synony- 
mous with Trunk. This may be sufficient for the inquirer: should it not, the 
xequisite information may be found by turning to Trunk. 














F. or Fah. 
















Nat. Ord. 

Natural Order. 




Pharmacopoeia of Dublin. 







Ph. P. 



Ph. U.S. 


of the Uni- 
ted States 
of America. 






Specific Gravity. 



Sex. Syst. 

Sexual System. 







Af before & ooneonant; An before a Towel, a, av, 
kareiy in the eompomnd medical terms, a privatiTe 
or debasing signification, like that of the particles 
ta, ««, mm, ir, in BngUsh. Thus: iSltAeni'a means 
strength; — A»tkeni'<if want of strength; — Ana- 
mioy want of blood, Ac Occasionally, in com- 
ponnd words, they have an intensive meaning. 


Af or A.A. See AbbrcTiation. 

is in the canton of Berne in Switxerland. The 
chief spring contains chlorides of calciam and 
aodiom, sulphates of lime and soda, oxyd of iron, 
and sniphohydric acid gas. 

AASMDS, Anhelaiio. 

nlphnretted saline spring, not far from Ratasbon 
er Regentsberg in Bayaria. 

ABAI8SEMENT, Depression : see Gataraot— 
a» d€ la Matriee, Proli^sus uteri. 

pressor alsB nasi — a. ds Wangle det lh)re§, De- 
|a«B8or angnli oris — a. de la Uvre in/irieuref 
Depressor Tabii inferioris — a. de la maehoire in- 
ffrieure, D^asteicns — a. de VctU, Rectus inferior 


AB ALIEN A'TUS. Oorrup'iw, Corrupted; from 
aA, and alienue, 'different' Membra ahcUiena'ta. 
Limbe dead or benumbed. — Celsus, Scribonins 

ABANGA. Name given by the inhabitants of 
Si. Thomas to the fruit of a palm tree, the seeds 
of which they consider very useful in diseases of 
the chesty in the dose of three or four, two or 
three times a day. 

ABAPTI8T' A. AhapHtton or Abaptia'tum, from 
a, privatiTe, and Pawrt^uv, 'to plunge.' A term 
applied to the old trepan, the conical shape of 
which preyented it from plunging suddenly into 
the carity of the cranium. 

ABAPTISTON, Abaptista. 

ABAPTISTUM, Abaptista. 

ABAREMO-TBMO. A Braiilian tree, which 
grows in the mountains, and appears to be a 
mimosa. Piso relates that the decoction of its 
bark, which is bitter and astringent^ was applied 
In that eoontrr, to nleers of a bad charaoter. 

ABARNAHAS, Magnesia. 

ABARTICULATIO, Diarthrosis and Synar- 




ehalybeate spring, six leagues from Paris, and 
one from Poissy. It was once much frequented^ 
but is now abandoned. 

acidulous ch^ybeate at Abbeyille, in the depart- 
ment of Somme, France. 

ABBREVIA'TION, Abbretna'tio, Braehyn'ne, 
Braehy^moe, Abbrevititu'ra. (F.) AbrSviation, 
from brevie, 'short' Abbreviations are chiefly 
used in medicinal formulae. They are by no 
means as frequently employed now as of old, when 
every article had its appropriate symbol. The 
chief abbreviations now adopted are the following: 

B< Recipe, Take. 

A. H, AHA, {we) vtriuaqne, of each. 
Abdox. Abdomen. 

Abs. Febb. Abeentefebre, In the absence of fever. 
Ad. or Add. Adde or addatur. 
Ad Lib. Ad libitum, At pleasure. 
Admov. Admoveatur, Let it be applied. 
Altera. Hor. Altemit horie, Every other hour. 
Aly. Adstrict. Alvo adetrictd. The bowels be- 
ing confined. 
Aq. Aqua, Water. 

Aq. Comx. Aqua communis, Common water. 
Aq. Font. Aqua/ontie, Spring water. 
Aq. Bull. Aqua bulliene, Boiling water. 
Aq. Per v. Aqua/ervene, Hot water. 
Aq. Marin. Aqua marina, Sea water. 

B. A. Balneum arena, A sand-bath. 
Bals. BciUamum, Balsam. 

BB. BBDS. Barbadeneie, Barbadoes. 

Bib. Bibt, Drink. 

Bib nn>. BiM indies. Twice daily. 

B. M. Balneum maria, A salt water bath* 

BoL. Bolus, 

Bull. BuUiat, Let it bolL 

But. Butyrum, Butter. 

B. v. BtUneum vaporis, A vapour-bath. 
CiBRUL. Caruleus, Blue. 

Cap. Capiat, Let him take. 

C. G. Cfomu eervi, Hartshorn. 

0. C. U. Cornu cervi uttum, Burnt hartshon* 

C. M. Cfrat mani, To-morrow morning. 

C. N. Crat nocte. To-morrow night 

C. V. Oras vespere. To-morrow evening. 

CocHi*. Cochleare, A spoonful. 

CocHL. AxPL. Cochleare amplum, A laigtt 

CocHL. Iirr. Cochleare infantum, A ehild'a 

CocHL. Mod. or Med. Cochleare mitdieum or 
wtedium, A desseit-spoonftiL 





GocHL. P ABV. Oochleareparvumy A tea-spoonful. 
Col. Cola, and Colatura, Straini and to the 

CoifP. CompotitxUf Compound. 

CoNF. ConftctiOf Confection. 

Cons. Conserva, Conserve. 

CoNT. Continuetur, Let it be continued* 

CoQ. CoquCf Boil. 

CoRT. OorteXf Bark. 

Crast. CrattinuJt, For to-morrow. 

Cuj. Cujut, Of which. 

CujusL. Onjuslibet, Of any. 

Cyath. OyathuSf A glassful. 

Cyath. TnE jb, A cup of tea. 

D. Do»i*, A dose. 

D. ct S. Detur et aignetur, {plciced at the end 
of a prescription.) 

D. D. Detur ad. Let it be given in or to. 

D. D. ViTR. Detur ad vitrum, Let it be given 
in a glass. 

Deaur. Pil. Deaurentur pxluUB, Let the pills 
be gilded. 

Deb. Spiss. Dehita epieeitudo, A due consist- 

Dec. Deeanta, Poor ofL 

DscuB. Decubitua, Lying down, going to bed. 

Ds D. IN D. De die in diem, From day to day. 

Dej. Alv. Dejectionea alvi, Alvine evacuationB. 

Dbp. Depuratue, Purified. 

Det. Detur, Let it be given. 

DiEB. Alterk. Diebue altemit, Every other day. 

DiEB. Tebt. Diebua tertiis. Every third day. 

DiQ. Digeratur, Let it bo digested. 

DiL. Dilutue, Dilute. 

Dim. Dimidiue, One-half. 

DiST. DietillOf Distil. 

Div. Divide, Divide. 

DoNEC Alv. Solut. Fueiu Donee almu eohUa 
fuerit, Until the bowels are opened. 

Drach. Drachma, A drachm. 

Ejttsd. Ejuadem, Of the same. 

Enbm. Enema, A clyster. 

ExHiB. Exhibeaturt Let it be exhibited. 

Ext. suPERALUT.j^xten(/c«upera{ti<amy Spread 
upon leather. 

F. Fi<iU, Let it be made. 

F. Pil. Fiat pilula. Make into a pilL 

F. Vesjcs. or F. VS. Fiat ven^stectio, Let bleed- 
ing be performed. 

Feb. Dur. Febre durante, The fever continuing. 

Fev. Intern. Femoribue internie. To the inside 
of the thighs. 

Fist. Armat. Fietula armaUa, A bag and pipe, 
a clyster pipe and bladder fitted for use. 

Fl. Fluidue, and Floree, Fluid, and Flowers. 

Frust. Fruetillatim, In small pieces. 

Gel. Quayis, Gelatind qudvie. In any kind 
of jelly. 

G. G. G. Gummi gutta 0<mbi4E, Gkunboge. 
Gb. Oranum, A grain. 

Gtt. Gutta, A drop. 

Gtt. or Gutt. Quibusd. OtUHa quibuadamtWith 
some drops. 

Gum. Gnmmi, Gum. 

Guttat. Guttatim, By drops. 

HoR. Decub. Hord deeubitda, At bed-time. 

HoR. Interm. fforie intermediia, At interme- 
diate hours. 

H. S. Hard aomni, At bed-titme. 

In p. In/unde, Infuse. 

Ind. Indiea, Daily. 

Inj. Enem. Injiciatur enemet, Let a olytter be 

In Pulm. In pulmento. In gruel. 

Jul. Julepua, A julep. 

Lat. Dol. Lateri dolenti. To the pained side. 

Lb. and Lib. Libra, A pound weight. 

La. Llb, Libra, Poimds. 

LiQ. Liquor, 

M. Miace, Mix. . 

Mac. Macera, Macerate. 

Man. Manipulua, A handfuL 

Man. Prim. 3fani primo. Early in the morning. 

Mic. Pan. Mica pania, Crumb of bread. 

MiN. Minimuai, The 60th part of a drachm by 

Mitt. Mitte, Send. 

Mitt. Sang. Mittatur aanguia, Let blood be 

Mod. Prjbscript. Modo praacripto, In the 
manner directed. 

MoR. Sol. Ifore aolito. In the usual manner. 

Muc. Mucilago, Mucilage. 

N. M. Nux moachata, Nutmeg. 

0. Octariua, A pint. 

01. Oleum, Oil. 

Ol. Lini, S. I. OleUm lini aine igne. Cold-drawn 
linseed oil. . 

Omn. Bid. Omni biduo. Every two days. 

Omn. Bih. Omni bihorio, Every two hours. 

Omn. Hor. Omni hord, Every hour. 

Omn. Man. Omni mani. Every morning. 

Omn. Nocte, Every night. 

Omn. Quadr. Hor. Omni quadrante kormt 
Every quarter of an hour. 

0. 0. 0. Oleum oliva optimum. Best olive oiL 

Ot. Ovum, An egg. 

Ox. OxymeL 

Oz. Uneia, An ounce. 

P. Pondere, By weight. 

P. and Puo. Pugillua, A pugil. 

P. M. Partea aqualea, Equ^ puis. 

Part. Vio. Partitia vicibua, In divided doses. 

Pbract. Op. Embt. Peratd operatione emetieif 
The operation of the emetic being over. 

Pil. Pilula, A pill. 

Post Sing. Sbd. Liq. Poet aingulae aedee 
liquidoja. After every liquid evacuation. 

Pot. Potio, A potion. 

P. P. Pulvia patrum, Jesuits' bark. 

P. Rat. iBTAT. Pro ratione atatia, According 
to the age. 

P. R. N. Pro re natd. As occasion may be. 

PuLV. Pulvia, A powder. 

Q. P. Quantum placeat. As much as may please. 

Q. S. Quantum auffieiat. As much as is sufficient. 

QnoR. Quorum, Of which. 

Q. V. Quantum volueria, As much as you wish. 

Bad. Radix, Root. 

Ras. Baaura, Shavings. 

Rbct. Rectifie<Uua, Rectified. 

Red. or Rbdio. in Puly. Redaetue in pulvo^ 
rem, or Redigatur in Pulverem, Powdered, or Let 
it be powdered. 

Rbo. Umbil. Regio umbilici, The umbilical re- 

Rbpet. Repetatur, Let it be repeated. 

S. A. Secundum artem. According to art. 

Sbm. Semen, Seed. 

Semi-dr. Semi'draehma, Half a drachm. 

Sbmi-e. Semi-horti, Half an hour. 

Bbby. Servo, Keep, preserve. 

Sbsquih. Seaquihora, An hour and a hal£ 

Sesunc. Seauncia, An ounce and a hall 

Si Non Val. Si non valeat. If it does not answer. 

Si Op. Sit. Si opua ait, If there be need. 

Si Vir. Perm. Si vireapermittant, LTthe strength 
will permit 

SoLY. Solve, Dissolve. 

Sp. and Spir. Spiritue, Spirit. 

Ss. Semi, One half. 

St. Stet, Let it stand. 

Sub Fin. Coct. Sub finem eoetionia, Towarda 
the end of the boiling. 

Sum. Sumat, Let him take; also^ jSWaimlaf^ 
The tops. 




a y. A»M(iif««ii<, Spirit of wine. 
S. V. B. SpiriimB vim rveiiJUaiut, BMtified 
ipirit of irioA. 
a V. T. SpiritM frini Unwior, Proof spirit of 

8tb. Sjfrmput, Symp. 

TsKP. J)BXf . r«iij9or» ilaartro^ To the right 

T. 0. Timetmn o|h«, Tmotore of opiam. 

Tk., Tsa. and Toror. Ti%etm-a, Tinotareb 

Tut. Tritmra, Tritanlo. 

v. 0. 8. or ViT. 07. BoL. ViitUo ov» <oliilai«, 
BiMolTod in Uie yolk of an egg. 

Y8. Venmwetw, Yeneiection. 

Z. Z. AnoienUyMjfrr^.' nowMUM&tfr or ginger. 

^, Xtira, A poond. 

'^^ Umeia, An ounee. 
Vraekma, A dnehm. 
r, Serujmlmm, A ■emple. 
if mtvHMi, A minim. 

M, jSeatMfw^ or tuUf ; in, one nnd » helfl 

j, one; ij, two; iy, three; iT» four, ^bo. 

The Mme iTstem ie not elweys followed in ab- 
brarijaing. The enl^oined will exhibit the nannl 


iif/Wff. Oolomh, f aiM 

Timet, Otmi. €, f^i 

»fr, OmL Awrant, f^n 

IVfict. ee^. gtt* zL M. 

Cept coeh. ^. p. r. n. 
This, written at length, is as follows : 


/»/««» Oolo m hm sesqid^fluidBneiam. 
Tinetur^ OttUioitm Oompotitm flaidraehmam. 
Sgrupi OoffieiB AummtiMmm semi-floidraeh- 

Cap9iH gattM qnadnginta. 
Capiat eoehlearia duo pro re nat4. 
AB0JB8, Absoese— a. Aigu, see Abic o s s o. 
€kamdj see Absee s s a. Oknmiquef see Abeoees — 
a. Par comgttion, see Absoese-— a. DiaiJUaiqutf 
see AbeoeBih--a. Froid, see Absoess—a. Jfiftosla- 
lifM, soe Abseess a. ScrofuUveCf see Abeoess — 

ABDO'MSN, from ahd^rt, 'to eoneeal;'— 
JRnm, Hypogai^irion, H^poca^Uum, JBpit^i^ion, 
Lof^arOf Etifpoehoi'lum, Gtut&r, Hfpovftrionj 
ActfyCy Ahdu'wt€n, Venter, Fcator imue, Fimler 
tV/M*, ^Imm, {T'tfrw*, The htUg, (F.) Feafre, 
F. im/inmmr, Bae vmUre, The largest of the 
three fplanehnie earities, bounded, aboyOy by the 
diaphragm; below, by the pelTis; behind^ l^ the 
lambar Tertebns; and at the sides and fore part» 
by mnsenlar expansions. It is disUngvished into 
three anterior regions, from abore to below; vis. 
the epigaetrie, nmbiUeal, sad hypogastric, eaeh 
ef which is itself divided into three others, one 
middle, and two lateral: thus, the qngaetrie re- 
fiMi wwu|al e e e Uie migoHrium and hypoehon" 
dria; the m m ^lieai, the wmMietie and danka or 
Immbar regiome; and the Agpoamtrie, the Ajfpo. 
fa t f f i mm and iUac rcmone. None of these re- 
fioos hae its limits well defined. The chief vis- 
sera oontalned in the earity of the abdomen, 
Oa^Umf Ouemm Ahdom*inie, are the stomach, in- 
tssdaes, liver, spleen, panc r ea s , Iddneys, Ae. It 
ii lined by the peritoneum. 

ABOonnif, PnnnuLous, Physeoninp 

ABD0M'INAL,AMMntfia7M, Fcnlra'lit, Yen. 
tesL That whieh belongs to the Abdomen, as 
m kd omimal «tiMo£M, abdomimU vifocro, Ac. 


ABDOKINISCOP'IA, OaatroMop^ia, A by. 
^fi wordy from Ahdomm^ 'the lower belly,' and 
'Iviaw;* Loparpeoop^ia, Abdt m* im$ JBm- 

phraftio. Bzamination of the lower belly as a 
means of diagnosis. See Aasonltatlon. 


ABDUOBNTES, Motor oonli exterans. 

ABDUCTEUR DE V<EILy Rectos extenmf 
oenli'— o. tie roreilU, Abdnetor anrie— a. du groe 
orteilf Abdnetor pollieis pedis — a. du petit orteilf 
Abductor minimi digiti pedis — o. eo«r< du pcuee, 
Abductor pollieis br^yis — o. long du pouee, Ab- 
ductor longns polliois. 

ABDUCTION, Abdfte^Ho, from ahdueere, to 
separate, {ctb and dueere, 'to lead.') The more- 
ment which separates a limb or other part from 
the axis of the body. 

The word has also been nsed synonymously 
with Ahrup*HOf Apag'maf Apoi^a^ma, a fracture 
near the sjiicular extremity of a bone, with sep^ 
ration of the fragments. 

ABDUCTOR, same etymon. (F.) Ahdueteur, 
A muscle which mores certidn parts by separat- 
ing them ft^m the axis of the body. 

AiDUCTOB AimicuLAnn, Abductor auris — a. 
Indiois pedis, Prior indlois pedis, Posterior indiois 
pedis — a. Medii digiti pedis, Prior medii di^ti 
pedis — a. Minimi digiti, Flexor panrus minimi 
digiti — a. Minimi digiti. Prior minimi digiti — a. 
Omli, Rectus extemus oculi — a. Pollieis maniU, 
and a. Breris alter, Abductor pollieis brevis. 

AinnoTOB Attrib, Abdnetor aurieula'rie. (F.) 
Ahdueteur de ForeiUe, A portion of the poaterior 
aurie, whose existence is not constant, which 
passes from the mastoid process to the concha. 

Abductor Ih'dicis, Semi'interoe'seue in'dieta, 
A muscle which arises from the os trapezium and 
metacarpal bone of the thumb, and is inserted 
into the first bone of the forefinger. Its use is to 
bring the forefinger towards the thumb. 

Abductor MiN'nn Dro"rn, Oarpo-phalan'geut 
min'imi digiti, Oarpo-phalangien du petit doigt, 
Exten'wr ter'tii intemo^dii minimi digiti — (Dou- 
glas.) Sypotk'enar minor metaearpeut. See 
Flexor paryus. It originates fleshy from the os 
pisiforme, and from the annular ligament near 
it; and is inserted, tendinous, into the inner side 
of the base of the first bone of the little finger. 
U»e, to draw the little finger from the rest. 

Abduotob Mnraxi Dioin Pedis, Oalco-euh- 
phalangeut minimi digiti, Oaleaneo-pkalangien 
du petit orteil, PixratVenar major^^By Wins- 
low, the muscle is dirided into two portions, — 
Paratkenar major and metatar§eu9.) Cfalcaneo* 
eoue-phedangien du petit orteil — (Ch.) (F.) Ab- 
dueteur du petit orteiL This muscle forms the 
outer margin of the sole of the foot, and is im- 
mediately beneath the plantar aponeurosis. It 
arises, tendinous and fleshy, from the outer side 
of tiie protuberance of the os calcis, and from 
the root of the metatarsal bone of the little toe, 
and is inserted into the outer part of the root 
of the first bone of the little toe. Ute, to draw 
tiie little toe outwards. 

Abductor Pol'licis Brxtib, Abdttetor Pollv- 
eie Man^, SeapKo-carpo-auper-phalangeue PoU 
lieie, Sue-pktUangien du pouee, A. polliei* manue 
and A, brevii alter — (Albinus.) (F.) Ahdueteur 
eouridu pouee, Cfarpo-eue-phidangien du pouee — 
(Ch.) A short, flat, triangular muscle, which arises 
Atom tiie anterior surface of the os scaphoides and 
Uie annular ligament of the carpus, and termi- 
nates at the outside of the upper extremity of 
the flrst phalanx of the thumb. A particular 
portion,- on the inner ride of this muscle, is 
called, by Albinus, Abductor hretit alter. 

Abductor Loroub Pollicxs, A, I, P. Man^ 
Exteneor onie metaearpi pollicii manilii, Eztentor 
primi intemodii — (Douglas,) Exteneor primu9 
PoUieie, (hMto-radi-eue-mitacarpiMi du poUM^ 




CMnto-tut'iiUtaearpien du pouee, — (Cb.) (F.) 
Abducteur long du pouet, A long, thin muscle, 
vising from the posterior sorface of the nlna, 
ndins, and interosseous ligament, and inserted 
at the outer side of the upper extremity of the 
flnt metacarpal bone. 

Abdcctob Pollicis Pedis, Caleo-tuh-phalan- 
MiM PW licit. (F.) Ahdmct9ur du grot orUU, 
This muscle arises, fleshy, from the anterior and 
Inner part of the protaberance of the os oalcis, 
and tendinous from the same bone where it joins 

evaeuare, 'to empty.' An eraenation. A partial 
or imperfect eyacnation. By some it is applied 
to an immoderate evacuation. — Knuis. 

ABHAL. A fruit well known in India, and 
obtained from a species of cypress. It passes for 
an emmenagogue. 

ABIES, Finns pioea — a. Balsamea, Finns bal- 

Abibs BALSAMTrsiiA, PiuuB balsamea — a. Ca- 
nadensis, Finns Canadensis — a. Excelsa, see Finns 
abies — a. Gallica, Pinus picea — a. Larix, Finns 

with the OS nayiouha^. It is inserted, tendinous, larix — a. Fectinata, Pinus picear— a. Picea, Finns 
into the internal os sesamoideum and root of Uie picea — a. Rubra, Finns rubra. 

first bone of the great toe. U»e, to pull the great 
toe frt)m the rest. 

The name Abductor has been girMi also to all 
those interosseous muscles of the hand and foot, 
which perform the motion of abduction on Uie 
fingers or toes, and to muscles which execute the 
same function on other parts of the body. 

ABDUMEN, Abdomen. 

ABEB^'OS, from a, neg. and fitfiattSf 'firm/ 
Jnfir'mua, Dth'ili». Weak, infirm, unsteady. 


ABELMELUCH. One of the names of the Rici- 
nns, according to some authors. — Prosper Alpinus 
•ays that a tree, which grows about Mecca, is so 
eslled. Its seeds, which are black and oblong, 
are said to be a most violent cathartic. 

ABELMOSCHUS, Hibiscus abelmoschus— a. 
Moscbatus, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

ABELMUSK, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

is a city of Bavaria, where there is a cold, sul- 
phureous spring. 

ABERRATIO, Aberration— a. Laetis, Oalao- 
toplania — a. Mensium, Menstruation, vicarious — 
a. Menstruorum, Menstruation, vicarious. 

ABERRA'TION, Aherra'tiOf from ahcrrare, 
(a& and errarcy) 'to stray,' 'to wander from.' 
This word has several meanings. 

1. The passage of a fluid of the living body 
into an order of vessels not destined for it. In 
this sense it is synonymous with the Error Loci 
of Boerhaave. 

2. The flow of a fluid towards an organ difierent 
from that to which it is ordinarily directed ; as in 
oases of vicarious hemorrhage. Aherrationt of 
§cn»e or judgment are certain errors in the percep- 
tions, or certain derangements of the intellectual 

The word is used in optics to designate the dis- 
persion of the rays of light in passing through a 

Aberration, Chromatic, Abeiratioii of Re- 

Aberration of Rbfrangibil'itt, Ohromat'ic 
t^crra'tion, exists, when, as in a common lens, 
the rays that pass near the circumference of Uie 
lens are decomposed, so that a coloured image is 
observed. This aberration in the human eye is 
corrected by the iris, which does not permit the 
rays to fall near the circumference of the lens, 
and also by the crystalline lens itself, which, 
owing to its structure, serves the purposes of an 
achromatic glass. 

Aberration, Spherical, AberraUon of sphe- 

Aberration of Spheeic^itt or §pker'ieal a&- 
mra'tion takes place, when the rays, as in a com- 
mon lens, which pass through the centre of the 
lens, and those which pass near the circumfer- 
ence, are unequally refracted, so that they do not 
meet at a common focus. 

This aberration of sphericity in the human eye 
Is corrected by the iris. 

ABESSI, Realgar. 

ABBYACUA'TIO, Apoeeno^tit, from ah, and 

ABIGA, Teucrium ChamsBpitys. 
ABIOSIS, Death. 
ABIOTOS, Conium maoulatum. 
ABIRRITA'TION. A6irrila'eio,from aft,prii 
tive, and irritatio, 'irritation.' This word strictly 
means absence or defect of irritation. The disci- 
ples of Broussais used it to indicate a pathological 
condition, opposite to that of irritation. It may 
be consider^ as synonymous with debility, 
asthenia, Ac 


ABLASTES, Sterile. 

ABLATIO, Extirpation. 

ABLEPH'ARUS, from a, privative, and /3Xc. 
^apov, ' eyelid.' One who has no eyelids. 

ABLEPSIA, Csecitas. 

ABLUENTIA, Detergents. 

ABLU'TION, Ablu'Ho, Aponip'tit, Catacly^- 
mtM, frt>m abluertf {ab and luerty) 'to wash.' A 
name given to legal ceremonies in which the 
body is subjected to particular affusions. Ablution 
(especially of the extremities) with cold or tepid 
water is employed, therapeutically, to reduce 
febrile heat. Also, the washing by which medi- 
cines are separated from the extraneous matters 
mixed with them. 

ABNORMAL, Abnormous. 

ABNORMITY, Anomalia. 

ABNOR'MOUS, Abnor'mal, (F.) Anormal^ 
from abf 'frt>m,' and normof 'rule.' Not con- 
formable to rule ; irregular. 

ABOLI"TION, AboW'tio, destruction or sup- 
pression, from ab and lucre (?) 'to wash.' A 
word, often employed, especially by the French, 
to express the complete suspension of any symp- 
tom or function. Abolition of the tight, e. g. is 
the complete loss of sight. 

ABOMA'SUS, Aboma'tum, Enyt'tron, Rennet, 
The lowermost or fourth stomach of ruminating 


ABONDANGE, Plethora. 

ABORSIO, Abortion. 

ABORSUS, Abortion. 


ABORTIF, Abortive. 


ABORTION, Abor'tue, Abor'nu, Abor'tio, Ikft- 
to'cia aborti'vct, Omoto'cia, Parocye'm abortue, 
Amblo'eit, Amblo'nia, Ambtoe^mutf Ee^boli, Em^ 
bryoto^ia, Diaph'thora, Eetro'tit, Examblo'ma, 
Examblo'eitf Ectroe'moe, Apopall^eie, ApopaVtitf 
Apopk'thora, Phthora, Oonvul'eio u'ttri, Deper^ 
di'tio, (F.) AvortcmentfBletture, Miscarriage, from 
ab and oriri, ' to rise,' applied to that which has 
ariten out of season. The expulsion of the foetns 
before the seventh month of utero-gestation, or 
before it is viable. The causes of this accident 
are referrible either to the mother, and particu- 
larly to the uterus ,* or to the foetus and its de- 
pendencies. The causes, in the mother, may be : 
^-extreme nervous susceptibility, great debility, 
plethora ; faulty conformation, Ac ; and it is fre- 
quentiy induced immediately by intense m< 
amotion, Tiolent excreise, Ao. The oanses 




fa Ibe ftvtu an its dMth, rapliira of the mmn- 
IbbiiMv Ac It moflft freqaentlj ooonn between 
the 8th and 12th weeks of gestation. The symp- 
tsoM of abortion are : — aterine hemorrhage with 
or witikoat flakes of decidua, with intermitting 
pein. When abortion has once taken plaoe, it is 
sztneaMy apt to recur in sabaequent pregnancies 
abont the same period. Some writers have called 
aheition, when it ooonn prior to three months, 
Mghaum. The tieatment mast Tary aecording to 
the eonstitation of Uie patient and Uie oanses giy- 
ing rise to it. In all cases, the horizontal postore 
and perfeet quietude are indispensable. 

Abortiok is likewise implied to the product of 
an untimely birth, — Ahwr'tutf Abor'nu, Apohle'- 
SM, Apob'oU, EcUo'wui, Amblothrid'ionf Ectro'ma, 
Tmcftu* imwuUu'ru*, Ahortmeni, (F.) AvorUm, 

TO ABORT, Ahori'ri. To miscarry. {¥.)AwrUr, 

ABOR'TIVE, Abortt'ctUf Ecbol'iut, Amblo'ti^ 
etUfAmbioihrid'iumf Ambol'ieu&f Phikor'iut, Apo- 
jAikor'\u9f Eetrot'ietu, Ahorii/a'den; Aeyte'- 
rimtf Expeflent, Phthiroc'tonuMf Pht^iaroe'Umut, 
Ecbotieus, (hntrae'tor u'teri, Aeeeleraftor Partiitf 
Parturient J Partttri/a'ctent, Ecbolie, (F.) Abor- 
tif, A medicine to which is attributod the pro- 
perty of causing abortion. There is probably 
no direct afrent of tiie kind. 

ABORTMENT, Abortion. 

ABORTUS, Abortion. 

ABOVCHEMENT, Anastomosis. 

ABOULAZA, a tree of Madagascar, used, ac- 
cording to Flacourt, in the practice of the coun- 
try, in diseases of the heart. 

ABOUTISSEMENTy Suppuration. 

ABRABAX, AbroMQx, Abraxtu, A mystic 
term, expressing the number 365, to which the 
Cabaliste attributed miraculous properties. 

ABRAC ADA'BRA : the name of a Syrian 
Idol, according to Selden. This word, when 
pronounced and repeated in a certain form and 
a eertun namber of times, was supposed to have 
the power of curing fevers and preventing many 
diseases. It was figured on amulets and worn 
■upended around the neck. 


D X 1 X a *> X 

K 1 X 3 1 X 

1 X 3 1 X 

X 3 1 X 


1 X 


ABRACALAN, A cabalistic term to which the 
Jews attributed the same virtue aa to the word 

ABRA8AX, Abrabaz. 

ABHA'SION, Abra*M, Apotyr'ma, Apoxyt'^ 
sttM^ from abraderef {ab and ra«f«re,) 'to rasp.' 
A snperflcial excoriation, with loss of substance, 
Vttder the form of small «Ar«cb, in tiie mucous 
nenbrane of the intestines, — (P.) Raeknrta de» 
Bciffaux. Also, an ulceration of the skin, pos- 
sessing similar ohanwtors. According to Vioq 
d'Aiyr, the word has been used for the absorp- 
tion of the molecules composing the various 

ABRATHAK, Artemisia abrotannm. 

ABRAXAS, Abrabaz. 

ABRiviATlON, Abbreviation. 

ABE WOT, Prunns Armeniaoa. 

ABKOSIA, Abstinence. 

ABROTAKUM^ Artemisia abrotaaua— fti 

Cathsnmy Artomitda abrotanom—a. Mas, Arte- 
misia abrotanimi. 

ABROTONI'TES, (sew, 'wine,' understood.) 
Wine impregnated with Artemisia Abrotannm or 

ABROTONUM, Artemisia Abrotanum. 

ABRUPTIO, Abduction. 

Rtd Bean, Love pea, A small ornamental shrub, 
found from Florida to Brazil, as well as in Egypt 
and the West Indies ; Nat, Ord, Leguminosfle. 
Sex. Sytt, Monadelphia enneandria; having beau- 
tiful scarlet seeds with a black spot The roots 
and leaves are sweet mucilaginous demulcents. 
The seeds of the American kind are considered 
to be purgative and poisonous. 

ABSCESS, from abscedo, {abt, and etdere,) * I 
depart^' or * separate from.' Ab9ee»'tu*, Abtcet''' 
§u>, Aphitte'tit, Apott^ma, Eepye'ma, JSepife'ne, 
Recea*»u§, Impot'thume, (F.)Abcis, Depot, A bol- 
lection of pus in a cavity, tiie result of a morbid 
process. See Pyogenia, and Suppuration. 

The French have various distinctive terms for 

which follows violent inflammation. 

LEUX, one which is the result of chronic or 
scrofulous inflammation. 

nque, a symptomatic abscess; one which occurs 
in a part at a distance from the inflammation by 
which it is occasioned : e. g. a lumbar abaeetej 
in which the inflammation may be in the lumbar 
vertebrss, whUst the pus eiLhibita iteelf at the 

Abscess, Mktastat'io, Abecet'nu metattat'' 
iett$, (F.) Abc^ m£t<Mtatique ; A, eonaictuif, an 
abscess, which forms suddenly, and sometimes 
without any precursory signs of inflammation, in 
a part of the body remote from one in a state 
of suppuration, and without presenting a suffi. 
ciont reason for its development in tiie place 
which it occupies. It is a consequence of phle- 

Abscess, Pebforatiho ot the Luno, see 
Lung, perforating abscess of the — a. Psoas, Lum- 
bar abscess — a. Retropharyngeal, see Retropha- 

Abscessub Capitis Sak ounnevs Neon atoruk, 
CephalsBmatoma— a. Cerebri, Encephalopyosis— 
a. GangrcBnescens, Anthrax — a. GangraBnosus, 
Anthrax — a. Lacteus, Mastodynia apostematosa 
— Hk Lumborum, Lumbar abscess — a. Mammas, 
Mastodynia apostematosa— a. Metastaticus, Ab- 
scess, metastatic — a. Nudeatus, Furunoulus — a. 
Oculi, Hjrpopyon — a. Pectoris, Empyema — a. 
Pulmonum, Pnenmapostema— a. Renalis, Ne- 
phrapostasis — a. Spirituosus, Aneurism — a. Tho« 
racis, Empyema — a. Urinosus, Urapostema. 

ABSCIS8I0 PR^PUTII, Cu-cumoUion. 

ABSCIS'SION, Abacta'io, Ab*ci*'»io, from a5- 
teidere or ab$eindere, *to cut off",' Apoe'opi, 
Apoihrau'M, JHac'opi, Excision or extirpation 
of a part, especially of a soft part — Fabricius 

Fracture or injury of soft parts, with loss of 
substance. — ^Hippocrates. 

Diminution, or loss of voice. — Celsus. 

Sudden and premature termination of a dia* 
ease. — Qalen. 


see Murmur, respiratory. 

ABSINTHI'TES, ay\,ii^iTni, ^imnMt'tos, Wine 
impregnated with Absinthium or Wormwood.— 

ABgHTTElnH, (Ph. C. S.,) Artcmuis ab- 





tioa— *. Bwtoi 

Tdlg&rer ArtAmiBiA &l»iiithiaia. 

ABSORB ANT, Abmrbenl. 

ABSOR'BBNT, Ahnr'bem, from abjorkn, (a& 
•ad (orfrtn,) 'to drink, to mck up.' (F.) Ab- 
torbmt. That wfaiih kbgorbs. 

AiBORBKiTT Stbtcx ill the colIettloB of TUieli, 
T<ua abtorlm'tia an) r»srt«i'n'a, Knd glaodl, 
whicb concur in the eierolas of abeoi^tion. 

A medidne nicd Tor tbioTbiDg ooidlt; In the 
Itomftch ud boweli, u magrieaiiL, ohdk, Ac /n- 

Alio, any nibltance, luoh u cobweb, BpoDge, 
Ao., whichj when applied to a bleeding Boifaoe, 
nltuDi tha blood, and rorme with it > tolid and 
■dbe^ve compound, which mceti the hemor- 

ABSORP'TIO, Abtorption — •. Suigiiiiiii, 

ABgORP'TION, Raorp'Ho, IiJutla'lio, /«. 
1nhi"tio, Abtorp'lio, Aiuir'rJlopA^, Aikarrophe'titf 
Oatapirui'tif, itkatbde'iU, Calarrkopht'tu, Oa- 
tor'AopA^ ; ume etymon. The (unction of ah. 
lorbent veiaeli, by Tiiine of which Ihay take ap 
■nbelaaeei ^m without or within the bod]'. Two 

nt diTlaioDg hare been m&de ef thie function. 
ncmal abnirptian. Or the abtoTplinn of rom. 
wttititm, which obtuna from withont the organs 
the material! intended for their eompoaiDanj 
and, t. Itamai a&torpftoa, or the oitorplton of 
deeompaniion, which takcB Up from the organa 
the materiila that hare to b« replaced by the 

By rxiemal abtorption Is meant not on]y that 
which tahea place at the eilemal anrfsce of the 
body, bu " " " " 
the digeative and respiratory passagf 
^aia, the divisian of eilemal abaorpt 

■"°7' .. 


Internal absorption is also mbdiTided into, 

1. MoUevlar or tntervK'in', nutritivr, organic, or 
deeompDting, whleh takes Dp from each organ the 
matenalt that eoastitute it, so (hat the decorapo- 
iition IS always in equilibrio with the depoaitiou. 
1. The abtarplinnofrrcrrmeiilitial itertUdJtuidt, 

Ac Aa theae are constantly exhaled on aorftcei 
which hare no eitemal ontlet, they would ang- 
meiit indefinitely, if abaorptinn did not remove 
Ihemin the same proportion as that in which they 
i« deposited. 3. Tit abiorplian af a pari of tii 
txertmrniUial flnidt, ai they paw over the eicre- 
toi; passages. 

Absorption does not effect the deoompoaition of 
the body immediately. It merely preparea the 
flnld which has to be eliminated by the secretory 


le great agents of ext«ma! abaorption are the 
Toins and ebylil^rous reisels; of internal abaorp- 
tton, probably the lymphatics. In the ohylife- 
Toni Tessela and lymphatice the Hold Is alwaya 
fbnnd to poiaeaa the aame general properties. 
la them, therefore, an action of elabontlDi] or 
■eleollon most have taken place. The veins, on 
the other hand, seem to eiett no selection. Any 
fluid, poaeeaalog the neoeaaary tenuity, pasaes 
Ihnnigh the coat* of the veisel readily by imbibl- 
tloD, and prooeeda along with the torrent of the 
«tnnlatieD. Watery flgids in thla manner enter 
tka bbod whan they an taken into the alomaeh. 
--'^-' a tiiat nqoln dlgetUou, on the other 

hand, mnat pau throng the ohylifemu veanll 

tioD, see Abaorption — a. Digi 
Hon — a. External, aee AbeDrplion~«. of Eie»< 
mentilial Secreted Flnida, aee Abaorption—K. 
Internal, see AbsorptJOD — a. Intcalinal, aee Ab> 
eorptioD — a. Intentitial, see Abaorption — a. Uole- 
cnlar, see Absorption — a. Nutritive, aee A biorplloB 
— a. Organic, see Absorption — a. Pulmonary, tee 
Alworption— *. of RecremenUtial Secreted Flnids, . 
see Abaorption— .a. Respiratory, see Abaorption, 

ABStMmE, Abatemlons. 

ABSTE'MIOUS, Ah'it'mtM, Aofno; from ait, 
'without,' and (mvrtum, 'wine,* (F.) Abttmt. 
Used fay the ancient writers, as well at b; the 
French, in the eense only of It* roota; one who 
abstains &am wine or fermented liquors in ge- 

ABBTERQENTIA, Detergents. 

ABBTERSIVA, Detergents. 

ABBTERSORIA, Detergents. 

AB'STINENCB, Abninen'lia, f^mabs, <froro,' 
and Itnere, 'to hold,' Abni'ia, Atrfta, Limofk'. 
cAi'a, Ii'macfon'ia, FastiDg. Friratlon, tinally 
voluntary, as when we speak of abtlinrntt from 


n dri^i, At. It li m 

and^nXir, 'wilL' 

particularly need to rignify voluntary privation of 
certain articlea of food. Fasting Is a nieM re- 
medial agent in certain dlseasei, partienlacly In 
those of an Inflammatory character. 

ABSnS, a kind of cassia— 17. A»iu— which 
grows In Egypt and in India, the aecdi of which, 

C'reriied and mixed with powdered angar have 
n empWed, in fonn of a dry collyrium, in the 
endemic ophthalmia of Egypt. 

ABU'LIA; from a, 'privaUve,' 
Losa of the will, or of Tolition. 

ABU'LTCUB; sameetyman. Onewho haa loet 
the power of will or of volition. 

ABUS BE SOI-aiilE, Masturbation. 

ABUTA, Pareira brava. 

YiUoa malloK. An indigenoue plant, common 
from Canada to Ueiieo, which reaombtes common 
mallow in ita medical virtues, being mncilagiuoua 
and demulcent. 

ABVACCA'TIO, an eioeaaive or coUiqnatiTe 
evaonatlon of any kind. 

ACACIA, (Ph. U.B.) Acacim gummi— a. Cate- 
chu, Catechu— a. Falea, Robin ia pseudo^acaoie.— 
a. Oermanica, tee Frnnns aplnosa — a. Glraflee. aee 
Accacin gummi— a. Horrida, aee Acaciie gummi 

gummi — a. Noatras, see Pmnne spinoaa — a. Sene- 
gal, seeAcacia gumml^ — a. Vera, see Aeaci« gnm- 
mi— a. Zeylonica, Hemaloiylon CampeohiannKU 

ACACIA OUMMI, Acn'ci'a, ttom mi„, 'a 
point,' so called In conaeqnenee of its apinee, O. 
Aca-cio Arafi-v, 0. Arafievin, 0. AeaMVimm, 
a. laumm, G. Ththa'icMK, ff, Serapio^tii; 0. 
Lamac, G. Sentga, or Stneea, (see Senegal, gum,) 
Q„m Ar-abi^. (F.) Gtmmi Arabioiu. The gum 
Spina ^gypiiaca, of Upper Egyp^ JVal. Ord, 
Uimoaes. Set. 3yH. Folygamia Honofda. It 

in iiregnlar pteoea, colonrleaa or of a pale yel. 

w colour, hard, brittle, of a thining fractaie, 
tnnaparent, aolnhle in water, and iiiaolnbla in 

It is mncilaginoas ; but is rarely used, ai«ept 
In pharmacy. Sometimes It is adminiatered alone 
I a demnlceat. 

Acacia Borrida and A Oirtiffm, of Sonth AM- 
i, yield a good gum. 
AOAJOU, An.Mrfi..~ oeddmtiae. 



AoAjnoBA OmovAXJS, AnaoaHinm oodden- 

AcaIi'tpbaVibiiiii'ioa, Thrte-Mededmer'ewr^, 
Order, BuphorbiacecB, indigenoiUy flowering m 
Aagwty is said to haye expeetorant and dinretio 

AGAM'ATtJS, from m, priT., and xa^iw, 'I la- 
boor.' This word has been sometimes used for 
a good eonstitation of the body. Acoording to 
G&B, it means that position in whieh a limb is 
faitermediate between flexion and extension; a 
position whieh may be long maintained withoat 

ACAMPSIA, ContraetiuB. 

ACAN08, Onopordiom acanthiom. 

AcAiios 8piha, Onopordiom acaothiam. 

ACANTHA, Vertebral oolumn. Also, Spinous 
process of a yertebra. 

ACANTHAB'OLUS, Aean'thulut, VoUel'la, 
from ccov^a, 'a spine/ and 0aXXu, 'I oast oat' 
A kind of forceps for remoring extraneous sab- 
staaees from wonndj. — Paalns of ^gina, Fabri- 
eiiis ab Aqaapendente, Sonltetos, Ac. 

ACANTflALZUCA, Echinopa. 

ACANTHE FAUSSE, fieraoleom spondy- 

ACANTHIUM, Onopordiom acanthium. 

ACANTHULUS, Acanthabolos. 

ACANTHUS MOLLIS, same etymon as Aca- 
eia, JitiampkyVluMf Brcmea urti'na sen vera, 
Bramkmr'eiMe, Bear** BreeeJL (F.) Pied d*oure» 
This plant is mncilaginoos likeAlthssa, and is 
■sed a« * demoloenL 

ACAPATLI, Piper longom. 

ACAR'DIA, from a, priv., and napiiaf *ih.t 
heart.' The state of a foetas withoat a heart. 

ACARDIOTROPHIA, Hearty atrophy of the. 

AC'ARICIBB, from aeariM, and ctedere, 'to 
lolL' A destroyer of aoari, — as of the aoarus 

ACARICOBA. The Brasilian name for i9y. 
drooa^yU wmheUa'tmtn, used by the Indians as 
an aromatic, alexipharmio, and emetio. 

ACARON, Myriea gale. 

AOARP'^ ttovk Of 'priyative,' and xa^tf 
'frait' A diyi^n of the family of cutaneous 
dis ea s e s by Fnohs, in whioh there is no ''fruit," 
(Qenn. Fmektf) or production from the cotane- 
oos soifiMe — taberoles, yesides or pustules. 
Lentigo, Chloasma, Arnrriay and Pityriasis be- 
long to it. 

ACARUS, from c, priyatiye, and ra^f, 'di- 
vinblew' A minute insect, one species of whioh 
has baen notieed by seyeral obseryers, in the 
lleh. The Aeama Seabiet, see Psora. 

AcAmrs Cnio, see Psora — a. Comedonnm, 
Aeama PoUieulorom. 

Ac'ABtrs Crob'ski. An insect supposed by 
Mr. Crosae, of England, to hnye been deyeloped 
in a solotion of silicate of potassa when submitted 
to slow galyanie action, for the porpose of obtain- 
ing ciystala of silex. It did not, howeyer, proye 
to be a new formation. 

AcABn FoLLicVLo'Binr, Entow^on, FolUetdo'- 
tmm, A. Oomedo*wtm, Dtfmodex /ollie%Uo*rum, 
Smia^mem foiUeuU/rwn, Steatoat/on /oUieulo'rum, 
Mmero^tBe'ier platfypua. An articvdated animal- 
cule, diseoyered in the sebaceous substance of the 
eolaneoufl foUicles. According to Professor Owen, 
It belongs to the Araohnida. 

AcAmva Scabiei, Aearas, see Psora. 

ACATALEP'SIA, from a, priyatiye, and Kara- 
Xmffiamt, 'I comprehend.' Uncertainty in dia- 
gnotisL Ito opposite is Catalep8ia.--aalen. 

ACATAP'OSIS, from a priyatiye, and cara- 
wvtf, 'deghititioo.' Incapacity of swallowing. 
▼ogel has giyen this name to difficulty of degln- 

ACATASTAT'IC, Aeattutaftem, from a, priy., 
and Ka&itmint, 'to determine.' An epithet giyen 
to feyers, Ac, when irregular in their periods or 
symptoms. — Hippocrates. 

ACATHAR'SIA, from o, priy., and Ka9atpi^», 
'I purge;' Sorde§j Impurities. Omission *of a pur* 
gatiye. — Foe'sius. 

ACATSJAVAL'LI, a Malabar plant, which is 
astringent and aromatic. A bath of it is used in 
that country in cases of hemicrania. It is sup- 
posed to be the Caeeytha JiliformU of LumsBUS. 

ACAWERIA, Ophioxylum serpentinum. 


AOO^L^RATEUR, Accelerator urine. 


Accblbra'tor Uri'n^, Bulho-eavemo'euatBftlU 
bo-'UrdnU — (Ch.) Ejaeula'tor Semi'nit, Bulbo* 
iyndeemo-eavemeux, (F.) AceilirtUeWf from ad 
and eeler, 'quick.' A muscle of the penis, which 
arises, fleshy, from the sphincter ani and mem- 
branous part of the urethra, and tendinous from 
the cms and beginning of the corpus cayemosum 
penis. In its course it forms a thin, fleshy layer, 
the inferior fibres of which run more traasrersely 
than the superior, which descend in an oblique 
direction ; the muscles of both sides completely 
enclosing the bulb of the urethra. It is inserted 
into its fellow by a tendinous line running longi- 
tudinally on the middle of the bulb. Its tf«e is to 
propel the urine or semen forwards. 

ACCENT, Sonne vocUf from ad and eanere, 
cantum, to sing. Inflection or modification of the 
yoice, which consists in raising or dropping it on 
certain syllables. 

The accent exhibits yarious alterations in dis- 

ACCES, Paroxysm. 

ACCES'SION. Aeeee'tio, from aeeedo, (a<£ and 
cedere,) 'I approach.' The inyasion, approach, 
or commencement of a disease. 

ACOESSOIB E,Acces6ory~-a, du longFUcKie- 
•eur commnn de» orteile : see Flexor longus digi- 
torum pedis profundus perforans (accessorius) — 
a. de VObturateur interne, Ischio-troohanterianus 
-r-a. du pied d^Hippoeampe : see Comu ammonia 
—a. du Sacro-lombaire : see Sacro-lumbalis. 

TORUM PEDIS; see Flexor longus digitorum 
pedis profundus peribrans (accessorius) — a. Pedis 
hippocampi; — see Comu ammonis. 

ACCESSORY, Acce99o*riue, (F.) Aeeeeaoire, 
Annexe, same etymon. A consequence or de- 
pendence on any thing; as acceuory ligament, 
muecle, nerve, Ac. 

AccsssoRT OF THB Parot'id is a name giyen 
by Haller to a small gland, which aocompanief 
the parotid duct, and is commonly a mere pro- 
longation of the parotid itself. See Parotid. 

AccRSSORT Sciences to Medicine are those 
which do not relate directly to the science of 
man in a state of health or disease; as physios, 
chemistry, Ac. 

AccEssoBT OT THB Par Yaoum, Spinal nerye. 

The term acceeeory is also giyen to seyeral 

ACCESSUS, Coition. 

ACCIDENS, Symptomar—a. Oon»eeutif$, Con- 
secutive phenomena. 

ACCIDENT, Ac'eidene, fromaeeidere, {ad and 
eadere,) 'to happen.' A casualty; an unforeseen 
eyent. The French use the term in nearly the 
same sense as eymptom. It means also an unex- 
pected symptom. 

ACCIDEN'TAL, AdvenH"tiou», That whioh 
happens unexpectedly. 

The French give the name Tietue aeeidenteU, 
to those adyentiUous textures, that are the result 
of a morbid process. 


ACCIPTTER, Hi'nvx, 'iifH{,<tlieluwk,'fraiB 
acctpgrc {ad uid rapio.) *to tmke,' Mtnttfraiu 
Arrip'iHr. (F.) Sprrritr. A buifU^ •pplitd 
OTtr tba DOM, ro called from it< Uksneu >a tlic 

ACCLI'HATED, Clima-li a-ut-lmt, {Inm 


ebot. *Dd ibdoneB 

the Prad, whtcl 

n from 


AC'CLIMATIOS, Sra^oni^g. (F.) Aee/.'«a(«- 
■Hiif. The Ml of be«oiniiig a«cliiiiat«d, or MCiu- 
tomed to a clirau*. 

The eoDBtibition of & persoD, who go«fl to liri 
in uiuthpr uid a Tery diSerent etimate, omallj 
«xperiene«t chants, vhLeh an fnqanitJj of bd 
nnfaTDiirable chaiarter, and tti* elndy of whidi 
ii of ooneidfrable ituponance in mediciDb 

ACCOM'PAKIMEST, Adjtim'rtion. (P.) Ae- 

which ig joined to anj liiing. 

TiKid «nb>liuiet, which ■omriiiiiei mn 
opake (Tjnallinf, and remainB after thi 

ACCOrCH^E. Poerpera, 

ACCOVCHEMEST. PartoritioD— o. Labori- 
ma, D;«tocia — ou Contrt naiurr, eee PmenliiUan, 
preternalitntl — n. Latonnti, ijlwrioiu labour. 

ACCOVCBEVR, (F.) AdMu>r ft 
•feCW, - ^■ 

• wbi&h, 

, OIhU 

IK, F.) idMU>r /*a 

i« art of midwiferj. A jAffi- 
Saraton-AKOtknr, a ir»- 
midwifi, Ao. 
ACCRETION', Arrrt-iio, from ad, 'to,' and 
ertttTt, 'lo inrreue." AngmenlUioD ; alio, in- 

ACCR0I.1SE3IEXT, Inerewe. 

ACCU&ATIO, Indieatiun. 

ACE'DIA, Yan'n'a, bom a, priTattTd, ud 
mttt, 'are.' Want of eaiw, negl«cU AIm, Ik- 
tigne. — HippocraMc 

AOBLLA, Axilla. 


ACEOGXOSLA, Pbarmamp>oaia. 

ACEOLOOLA, Materia Medics. 

ACE PH ALIA. Kc Arephaluoi. 

ACEPH'ALOBRACUC?, &ou a, priratJTe, 
nf«X«. 'bead,' and Sf^x"'' 'um.' A fstu 

ACEPH'ALOCYST, Attphaloryt'liM, from a, 
prlratiTe, «^*. 'bead,' and iwnc, 'bladder.' 
A hjdatirann resiele, witfaont head or Tisble 
organs, nuked unon^t (he Enloioa, altbongli 
poateued of few animMed cbaracleriftiee. In no 
organ of the body are aeephalorjtU n (reqnentlj 
fbund M la lbs linr. Geoervll; it ia the 'mnl- 
tiple aoepbalue;*!,' A. tacia'lit no proliftni, 
whieh I* met wKb. At Umci'. hosecer, it ij tbe 
'aollUuy apBphalmiyft,' A, nrrmi'iii ita urr'ilU. 

Tba arrpkalnrfUif rmdog"rMa hu a firm eoal, 
and li aHmpoenlof dlff<>rent layera, whieh hare 
llDUihen> of fmallvr bjdali'ln wltblo Ihem, and 
are thrown off fWim Ihi! interior of the parent 

Xit. Thli ■peeln baa hvnre been termed (■- 
fnut, Ut dlatlDguiiih II rmm the A. r.r<>;"eiui 
uf ruminant iBlmala, In whli'b the joanjt rndclet 
w ileielnpnl IViim the vxlerliir uf the pannt 
VMlole. -Km Hydatid. 

ACKI'llALlXIAS'TKIt, ^ilk<>r«<t>»>p*'<>lu, 
(Trim « prUaHT*, iifaJit, < he*d.' and nvrw, ' tbe 
ball;.' AuMif ilTmluBiMuMndn^tdJhewl,, 

to tboM wbieh hkra •■ 

'head.' and iTifu, 'mooth.' An acephalou feetai, 
at the upper part gf which there ii an openiu 
rBKmbling . month. 

ACBPHAI-OTHO'RUS, from ■ priratrrs, 
n^>*, 'head,' and J«^,'cbetI,'AfKe*acrpi'aiwi. 
A monner devoid of bead or cheat. 

ACBPH'ALOUS, from a printiTe, and af«l« 
'head.' A moneter born deroid of hewL n* 
condition ia called AecpAa'^io. 

ACER, Acrid. 

AciR Pu,HlTOLITrH, A. SaecbariniuB. 

AcR SicCBimi'Krif, A. palmifi-Umm. MapU, 
S^ar MapU. {V.) ErabU. Thil tiM contaiBJ 

able quantity of gagar may be eltnctcd. Whea 
pnrifled, tbia sogaj can scarcely be diatingiuahed 
from that obtained from ■' - - "- "- '- 

acid, bitter, and aatringent j aor^ m ia met witk 

ACER'Cl'S, from i priFatire, and ofitt, '■ 
t«iL' A monster deroid of taiL—GarlL 

ACE'RIDES, Aerro'da. from ■ piiTatiTe, and 
t^ft, ' wax.' Plaalen detoid of wax. — Oal^ 

AC ERODES. Aeeridea. 

ACERO'SUS, Arhgy^'dr*, ft'tiyrVHi, ' from 
•X"pw, 'chaff.' Fmr/wra'rrtna, An eirilbet OHd 
by Hippocratea, for tbe eoaraeat bread, made i£ 
floni not aeparated from tbe ebafll — Foenaa. 

—a. Glandntna Pinealia. aee Pineal Aland. 

ACES'CESCY, Airaren'tia, ftmn acMccre, 'to 
growaonr,'{.nt,'»point,'a«r, 'iharp.') A dia. 
poaition to aeidily. The hiimDiiristI bcliered that 
the animal hnmonn are atuMptifaleoflUiehaBn. 

AC ESI A, Cnre. 

ACE8ie, Cnration, Cure, HedicwMSL 

ACE8HA. MedicamenL 

ACESMIUS, Cnrable. 

ACESMrS. Core. 

ACEB0DTKE8, Anodna. 


AC ESTER, Pbyiician. 

ACESTI8, Hedinuncnt. 

ACESTOR, Phyatdan. 

ACEgTORIA, Medicine. 

ACESTORIE. Midwife. 

ACEST06, Cnrable. 

ACESTRA, Needle. 

ACESTRIA, Midwife. 

ACESTRI6, Midwife. 

ACESTRUH. MedifunenL 



ACETABTLFM, from ocXi 
caoee 11 reecmblca the old rii 
bapk'ion. A meaanrc capable ^ 

eighth partafainodrm pinL AlbeBana. tMe^ 
See Cotyloid. Aceording to CaateHi. tbe lobn er 

hare been ao ailed. 
AciTAin.ra, Celyle, Cotrloid—a. Hsmeri, IM 

ACETA'RIA, nae etrmon. A Mlad W 
ACBTAS, AsMtfa. 





AC"XTATB, Je«'<M. A salt fomed by the 
nuon of the acetio acid with an alkaline, earthy, 
or metaUie base. The aeetates chiefly used in 
medicine are the acetates of ammonia^ lead, 
potash, and lino. 

ACE'TICA, Aee'ta Mediea'ia, (F.) Vinaigret 
M^dicimamx, Pharmaoentical preparations of 

ACE'TICUM AC'IDUM, Aeidum Act'tieum 
/or'litw. A, A. foriif A. Ace'tteitm purwm, Aee'tum 
rmdiea'ti, O^so*, Ae^iic Acid, Strong Ace'tou* 
Atridf Aeidum Aeeto'aum /ortif Bad'iccU Vin'egar. 
^ir'itua Vtn'erU {when made from verdigrie,) 
Spirit of Verdigrie. Concentrated acetio acid, 
prepared by deeomposing an acetate and receir. 
ing the aeetio acid by distillation, has a very 
pongent and grateful odonr, and an acid and 
arnd tstfte. Its s. g. is about 1.046, and it is 
Tery roUtile. 

It is stimolant, mbefacient, and esoharotio, and 
is applied to the nostrils in syncope, asphyxia^ 
headache, Ac. It destroys warts. 

An Aromatic Spirit of Vinegar, A^'id^m Ace' ~ 
fiemm Oampkora'tufn, A. aeeto'tum eamphora'tum, 
is formed of this etrong acid, ^yj, Oamphor,^ss, 
OL OaryopL gtt. XT. 

A strong Acetic Add was ordered by the Lon- 
don pharmaeopceia prepared from wood. It was 
called Vinegar of wood. Improved dietilled Vine- 
gar, Pyroli^neomt Acid, Ae^tum Ligno'rum, and 
lis strength was snch, that 87 gr. of crystallised 
snbcarbonate of soda should saturate 100 grains 
ef the acid. 

Ae^'idnm Aeeftieum Dilu'tufn, A, A, ten'ui, Ace'- 
tmm deatiUa'tua^ Aeidum ae^ticum, Aeidum aeeto'- 
mim deetilia'tum, Aeidum aee'iieum dehil'iue, Die- 
firUd vin'egar, (F.) Acuie Aeitique faihU, Vi- 
amgre dietUU, is prepared by distilling rinejrar, 
■n& aeven-eighths hare passed over. An Act- 
dmm aeeUeum dilutumf Diluted acetic add, is 
Bade by mixing half a pint of the strong acetio 
add wiUi Atc pints of distilled water. — Ph. U. S. 
Its properties are like those of vinegar. 

AcETicux Martialb, Ferri Acotas. 

ACETONE, from acetum, 'vinegar.' Spir'itut 
pgra-ace'tiene Ugmo'9u»,Pffro-aee'tie epiritfPyro- 
aee^tie, MtJUr, Meeifie AVeokol, Bikgdrate of 
Memiifglenej erroneously called Naphtha and 
Wood Naphtha, A limpid, colourless liquid, 
having a peculiarly penetrating and slightly em- 
pyreumatie odour. Its density in the liquid state, 
is almost the same as that of alcohol, 0.7921. Its 
taste ia disagreeable, and analogous to that of 
pepperminL It is miscible in all proportions 
wUh water, alcohol, and et^er. It may be pre- 
pared by distilling a mixture of two parts of 
crystallised acetate of lead and one part of quick- 
lime in a salt-glace Jar (gray-beard,) the lower 
part of the jar being coated with fire-clay ; and 
a bent glaas tube, half an inch in diameter, 
adapted to the mouth by a cork, so as to form a 
distillatory ^paratus. The jar is supported on 
the Bouth of a small fiimaoe, by which the lower 
part only is heated to redness, and the vapours 
are ooadueted into a Liebig's condenser. The 
product ia repeatedly redistiUed from quicklkne, 
uatQ its boiling point is constant at 132®. 

It has been brought forward as a remedy in 
phthisis pnlmonalis; but evidently with nn- 
minded pretensions. It is an exdtant» and may 
be serviceable in chronic bronchitis. The dose 
is ten to forty drops three timei a day, diluted 
with water. 

ACBTOSA ALPINA, Rumex alpinus — a. 
Kcetras, Bumex acetosa — a. Pratensis, Rumex 
acilosa — k Romana, Rumex icutatidi — a. Ro- 
lusdiioUay Rumex seutatus — a. Scutata» Rumex 
Yulgaiii^ Rimes aoetOMu 

ACST08BLLA, Oxalis acetosella. 

ACE'TUM, o^vf, Oxg», Aee'tum Vint, A, Bri^ 
tan'nieum. Common Vinegar, Aeidum aceto'eum, 
A'legar, Aee'tum Cerevit^im, (F.) Vinaigre i from 
ax((, ' a pointy' aeer, * sharp.' A liquor obtained 
by the acetous fermentation. Vinegar has a pun- 
gent odour, and a pleasant acid taste. One fluid 
ounce of the Acetum of the United States Phar- 
macopoeia is saturated by about 35 grains of 
crystallized bicarbonate of soda. It is refrigerant 
in fevers ; antiseptic, and anti-narootio ; and ex- 
ternally is stimulant and discutient 

Vinegar Whey is made by stirring a small 
wineglassful of vinegar, sweetened with a dessert 
spoonful of tugar, in a pint of milk ; boiling for 
fifteen minutes, and str^ing. Like tamarind 
whey it is an agreeable drink in febrile afiecdons. 

Ace'tvm Abomat'icum, Aeidum Ace' ticum Aro- 
mat'icum, Aee'tum Theriaca'U, A. quatuorfurum, 
Thieved Vinegar, Vinegar of the four Thievee, 
Mareeille* Vinegar, (F.) Vinaigre Aromatique, 
V. det quatre voleure, {Rwritmarin, cacum, nee., 
Fol, Salvia sing. ^. Lavand, fior, eicc ^tv. Ca- 
ryoph, cont, 7ss. Acid, Aeet, 0^. Macerate 7 days, 
and filter. — Ph. E.) Odour, pungent and aroma- 
tic Used as a perfume. 

Acetum BRiTAiniicuM, Acetum. 

Acx'tum Canthar'ipib, Vinegar of Cantha- 
ridee, (Oantharid. in pulv. ^ig. Aeid. aeet, f^v., 
Aeid» pgrolign, f^xv: Euphorh. in pulv. crass. 
. Mix the acids ; add tne powders ; macerate 



or seven days; strain; express strongly, and 
filter the liquor. — Ph. E. The London College 
macerates eantharid, J^ in <tcid, aeet. Oj. for 
eight days ; expresses and strains.) It is used 
as a prompt vesicant 

Ace'tux Col'chici, Vinegar of meadow eaffron, 
(Colehie. rad, contue, ^g ; Acid, acetic, dilut. sett 
Aeet. deetillat. Og ; Ph. U. S. 1851. It may also 
be made by displacement) It is used as a diu- 
retic, and also in gout Dose f 3^. to ^\m. 

AcETUK Debtillatux; see Aoeticum aeidum 
— a. Lignorum : see Aceticum aeidum — a. Mul- 
sum dulce, Oxyglyous^a. Opii, GuttsB Nigrae — 
a. Quatuor fhrum, Acetum Aromaticum — a. Ra- 
dicale, Aceticum Addum — a. Rosatum Oxyrrho- 

AoxTUX SciLLii, Aeidum Ace'ticum SeiUit'' 
ieum. Vinegar of Squills, (F.) Vinaigre ecilli' 
tique, {Scilla contus. ^iv; Aeet, deetillat, 0^; 
Ph. U. S. It may also be made by displace- 
ment) Diuretic, expectorant, and emetic Dose 
t^ss to 9^y as a diuretic and expectorant 

AcETux Theriacai«b, Acetum aromaticum. 

ACEYTE DE SAL. A remedy for broncho- 
oele used in S. America. Roulin found it to con- 
tain a portion of iodine. 

ACHACANA. A spedes of cactus, in the pro- 
vince of Potod in Peru. Its root is thick and 
fleshy, and of a conical shape. It is a good edi- 
ble, and is sold in the markets of Uie country. 

ACHANAGA. A plant of the kingdom of 
Mely in Africa. It is used by the natives as an 

ACHAOVAN, a spedes of Egyptian chamo- 
mile. — Prosper Alpinus. 

ACHAOVAN-ABIAT. The Egyptian name 
of Cineraria maritinw, used in female diseases. 

ACHAR, Atohar. 

ACHE, Apium graveolens—o. dee Montagne$f 
ligusticum levisticum. 

ACHEI'LIA, Aehi'lia, from a, prir., and ynX«^ 
'lip.' A malformation, consisting in a defldencj 
of a Up or lips. 

ACHEI'LUS, Aehi'lue, same etymon. On« 
who is without lips. 

ACHEIR, Aehir, De'manue, from a, prirativa^ 
and x**h * hand.' One devoid of handf^Oalen* 




ACHEI'RIA, Aehi'ria: same etymon. The 
itate of being devoid of handa. 

ACHEROIS, Popolus. 

AGHIA, Ackiar, A name given in India to 
tiie pickled shoots of the bamboo. 

AcHiA, Atchar. 

ACHIAR, Achia. 

ACHIC'OLUM, Aekifoltu, ffidrote'rion, Su- 
da'rium, ForntXf Tholtu, Sudato'rium, The 
0weating-room in the ancient bagnios. 

ACHILIA, Acheilia. 

ACHILLE'A AGE'RATUM, A,Vuico'»a, Bal- 
aami'ta/tfmin'eaf Enpato'rium mes'ues, Age'ra- 
tuMf Coa'tus horto'rum minor. Maudlin, Maudlin 
Taiaey ; (F.) AehiU4e Viaquetue ; Nat, Ord. 
Composite ; Suh. Ord, Anthemideae ; Sex, Sytt. 
Syngenesia Polygamia superflua, — has the same 
properties as tansey, bitter and aromatic, and is 
used in like affections. 

Achillb'a Atra'ta, fferha Gen'ipi vert, (P.) 
AchilUe Noire, has similar virtaes. 

Achille'a Millefo'lium, Achille'a Myrio- 
phyl'hn, Ckrvioc'oma, Millefo'lium, OhiliopkuV- 
ton, Lumbu* Ven'eris, Cfommon Yarrow or Mil- 
foil. (F.) MillefeuiUe, The leaves and flowers 
have an aromatic smell, and a rough, bitterish, 
somewhat pungent taste. They have been used 
in dyspepsia, flatulence, Ac. An extract of the 
plant, made with proof spirit, has been called 
AchilUVnum ; and is used by the Italians in in- 
termittent fever. 

Achille'a Ptab'mica, Pteudo-py'retkrum, 
Py'rethrutn eylvei'tri, Draco •ylvea'tria, Tarchon 
tylvettria, Sternutamento'ria, Dracun' culu9 Pro- 
ten'ais, Sneete-wort, Baatard Pel'litory, Ptar'miea. 
(F.) Herbe d iternuer. The roots and flowers 
have a ho^ biting taste, approaching that of py- 
xethrum. Their principal use is as a masticatory 
and sialogogue. 

Achillea Viscoha, A. Ageratum. 

ACHILl£e noire, Achillea atrata^o. 
Vitquefite, Achillea ageratum. 

ACUILLEINUM, see Achillea MUlefolinm. 

ACHILLE'IS. A beautiful species of barley, 
mentioned by Theophrastos and Galen, called 
after Achilles, a labourer. The decoction was 
used in fevers and jaundice. — Hippocrates. 

Oorda sen Chorda Hippoc'ratis, Corda magna, 
Nervu* latut, (F.) Tendon (T Achilla, The strong 
tendon of the gastroonemii muscles above the 
heel : so called, because it was the only vulnera- 
ble part of Achilles, or because of its strength. 
Bee Tendon. 

ACUILUS, Aoheilus. 

ACHIMBASSL An archiater or chief of phy. 
sicians. A name given, at Grand Cairo, to a 
magistrate who licenses physicians. 

ACHIR, Aoheir. 

ACHIRIA, Acheiria. 

AGHITOLUS, Achicolnm. 


ACHMELLA, Spilanthus acmella. 

ACHNE. Lint See Linteum. Also, small 
mucous flooculi seen in front of the cornea. — 

AGHOL'IA, from a, privative, and x'Xn> 'bile.' 
Deficiency or want of bile. 

AGH'.OLUS : same etymon. One deficient in 

ACHOR, Porrigo larvalis. 

AGHO'RES. A term oflen employed by the 
ancients to designate both eru»ta ktc'tea, and 
small superficial ulcerations on the skin of the 
lace and head. See Porrigo Larvalis. 

AcHORES Capitis, Porrigo scutulata. 


ACHORIS'TUS, firom a, priT., and x**^^'* 'X 
separate.' Any sign which neoessarily aeeompa- 
nies a state of heidUi or disease. 

ACHOUROU. The Caiaib name for a speeiei 
of myrUe used in dropsy. 

AGHRAS AUSTRALIS, Sapota— «. 8apot% 
Sapota — a. Zapota, Sapota. 

ACHROI, Achromati»'ti,Ackro'm€iHfAekr&wtff 
from a, privative, and xf^f^f ' eolonr.' Pale indi- 
viduals. — Hippocrates. It is nearly synonymmif 
with Xei^at/ioi, Uipha'mia, persons without ooloori 

AGHROMASIA, Decoloration. 


ACHROMATIC, AcAromo^'icM; sameatymoih 
A lens, so constructed as to correct the abenatioB 
of refrangibility of common lenses, is so termecL 
The Cryatalline is an achromatio lens. 


ACHROMATOPSIA, C7Aromalo/wew<W«Mi, 
OhromatometahUp'tia, Dytchromatop'Ha, Para-^ 
chro'ma, Parora'tit, Vinu cWeolor, Oolomr 6Ium{- 
ne»», Idiop'tcy, Dal'tonitm, from «, privative, XP*" 
fM, * colour,' and •vre^ac, <I see.' Incapability of 
distinguishing colours ; a defect sitaa|e in the ce- 
rebral part of the visual organ. Pmons so cir- 
cumstanced have been termed by Mr. Whewell, 
IdiopU. See Acyanoblepsia and AnerythropsiA. 


AGHYLO'SIS, from a, privative, and x^^ 
'juice, chyle.' Defective diylosis or formation 
of chyle. 

AGHYMO'SIS, from a, privative, and x*^^> 
'juice, chyme.' Defective ohymifiication. 

ACHYRODES, Acerosus. 

ACHYRON, Furftir. 

A'GIA, from axis, & points A word used hy 
Celsus, which has pussled oommentatorsy^HMNnt 
believing it to have meant a needle ; others th« 
thread; and others, again, the kind of suture. 
"Acia mollit, non nimii torta" — CelsnSy GaleD« 
(Chifflet thinks it meant the thread. — Antwerp^ 

ACID, Ae"xdu9, Oxy», (F.) Actd«, Aigre, from 
tutti, 'a point;' sharp; sour; especially as ap- 
plied to odorous or sapid substances. The Freneh 
also use tiie term aigre, when referring to the 
voice, in the sense of sharp and shrill: — as nn» 
voix aigre, vox atpera. 

Acid, Acetic, Aceticum aeidum — a. Aeetie^ 
dilute, see Aceticum aeidum. 

Acid, Acetous, Stroito, Aceticum aeidum 
Aerial, Carbonic acid — a. Antimonious|y 

Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. Arsenious, Arse- 
nicum album — a. Auric, see Gold — a. Aiotio, Ni- 
tric acid — a. Benxoic, Bei^amin, flowers ^ — a. 
Boric, Boracic acid — a. Calcareous, Carbonie add 
— a. Carbonaceous, Carbonic aoid— 4U Carbonouiy 
Oxalic acid — a. Chromic, see Chromic aoid — a. 
Citric, Citric acid — a. Gyanhydric, Hydrooyani« 
acid — a. Cyanohydric, Hydrocyanic aeid — a. 
Gastric, Gastric juice. 

Acid, Gallic, Ae"idum OaWiewn. (F.) Aeidt 
Gallique. This acid is found in most of the astrin- 
gent plants that contain tannic acid of the kind 
obtained from galls. It is in delioate silky nee- 
dles, usually somewhat yellowish, inodiwous, and 
of a harsh, somewhat astringent taste. It dis- 
solves in one hundred parts of oold and threa 
parts of boiling water. It is very soluble in aleo- 
hol, and but sUghtiy so in ether. 

It has been highly extolled in ininmal hemorw 
rhage, especially from the urinary organs and 
uterus. Dose from ten to twenty grains. 

The last Pharmaoopceia of the United States 
(1851) directs it to be made by exposing a thin 
paste of powdered gaU» and diatilUd water for n 
month, adding the water from time to time to pt^ 

AciDE Acinqws faibljs 43 


MrretlM eoDnstenoe; axprssrfn^ the paste; l>oil- 
m^ the residue in dietilled water; filtering tluroiigh 
mmimkal ekttrcoal, and CTyBtaHuing. 

ActD, Hippu'riC) A^'idum ffippu'rieumy Uro- 
hen'aoic acid. An acid fonnd in the nrine of gra- 
Binirnroiifl anifliala. It ie contained in human 
nrine, especiall j after bensoio acid has been taken. 
See Hipporia. 

Acn>, Htdbiod'iCi Ae*'idwn Bydrwd'ieum, 
This acid ia made by mixing eolntions of iodide 
of potaasinm and tartaric acid ; filtering the liquor 
to leparate the bitartrate of potassa, and adding 
water to make the resulting hydriodio acid of de- 
finite strength. 

It bJM been osed in the same cases as the pre- 
pBimtiona of iodine in general, but is nurely em- 

Acid, HmBOCHLORONiTBic, Nitro>muriatio acid 
— a. Hydrocyanic, Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydro- 
eyaaic, dilate, see Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydro- 
aolphari^ Hydrogen, sulphuretted — a. Hydrothi- 
ooie. Hydrogen, sulphuretted — a. Igasnric: see 
Jalrophia cnrcaa. 

Acw, Iodic, Ae^'idum Tod^ieum, (¥,) Aeide 
lodiqme. This is obtained by boiling iodine 
with nitric acid/ or by decomposing ittdate of 
loryta by dilate ntlphtirie acid. It is a white, 
traneparent solid, slightly deliquescent, and very 
•olable In water. It has been given with sulphate 
of qoiniA in hoarseness, scrofula, incipient phthisis, 
dinmie inflammation, syphilis, Ac Dose three to 
BX grains, or more. 

Acin OF Lbvons, Citric acid — a. Lithic, Uric 
acid — A. I>ephlogistioated marine. Chlorine — 
a. Mephitic, Carbonic acid — a. of Milk, Lactic 
acid — a. Muriatic, see Muriaticum acidym — a. 
Muriatic, dilute, Muriatieam aoldum — a. Ni- 
tric, eee Nitric acid — a. Nitric, dilute, see Nitric 
Add— «. Nitro-hydrochloric, Nitroomuriatic acid 
— «. Nitro-Moriatie, see Nitro-Muriatio Acid — a. 
Nitrons, dephlogbticated, Nitric acid — a. Oxysep- 
tooiCy Nitrto add — a. Polygalic : see Polygala se- 
Pmssic, Hydrocyanic acid — a. Pyrolig- 
aee Aoetieum acidum— «• Pyrolignio, Py- 
roligneoos acid — ■• of Sorrel, Oxalic acid — a. of 
Bagar, Oxalic acid — a. Sulphuric, see Sulphuric 
acid — a. Tannic, Tannin — a. Uric, Uric acid — a. 
Urobenioie, A. Hipporic— a. Uroos, Uric oxide — 
a. Urylic, Uric acid — a. Chromigne, Chromic add. 

aridnm — a. Boraci fuCf Boracie acid — a. Chro- 
wuqme. Chromic acid — a. OaUiquef Acid, gallic 
'—a, Nydrocjfanimtc, Hydrocyanic add — a. 
HfdromU/wrique^ Hydrogen, sulphnretted — a. 
lodiamtf Add, iodic — a, Lfu^tque, Lactic acid — 
ol, NitriquB, Nitric acid — a. Photphorigue, Phos- 
phoric add---a. PrHSttique, Hydrocyanic add-~a. 
Smi/mrtux, Solphnrons add — a. Sul/uriqne, SnU 
pbnrio add— a. Sul/nriqne dtlayf, Snlphuricnm 
aeidam dilntam — a. Tannique, Tannin. 

ACIBITATIO, Addities. 

ACID'ITIES, Aco'ret, Acidita'tio, Af^'idwn, 
■ortw^^w, A^'idnm prima'rum via'mmf Oxytetf 
Sarde» ac^'id^, (F.) Aigrcw; Sourness of the 
stonaeh, the TesnU of indigestion, indicated by 
aetd ervetetioBs, Ae. The affection is rery com- 
SOB in ehiMren, and moat be obyiated by absorb- 
esta, ac magnesia^ chalk, Ac, and by regulated 

ACIDOLOO^'IA, from Mif, 'a point, a sharp 
lastnunent,'. and Xayos, <a description.' A de- 
•eriptMm of surgical instniments. 

ACIDOM'ETRit, (F.)Ae««eoiii^re,P2«e-aetVi{e, 
from aeid^ and pstp*»f measure. A hydrometer 
ftr determining the density of adds. 

ACIDS, Ai/*ida, Aet/rc; aio Uqui J, solid, or 
bodies, possessed of a sour, more or lees 
I iMte^ aad the priadpal oharaetor of which 

is the capability of saturating, wholly or in par^ 
the alkaUne properties of bases. 

Acids, in general, are refrigerent and antisep- 
tic. Their particular uses are pointed out under 
the indiyidual articles. 

To AOID'ULATE. (F.) Aiguiter, Aciduhr, 
To render addnlons, or slightly add. 

ACIB'ULOUS, Aeid'ulut, Oxo'dei, OxoVdc: 
(F.) Aeidule, AigrelcU Substances are so called 
which possess a sourish taste, as tamarinds, cream 
of tartar, Ac 

ActnuLous Frttitb. Oranges, gooseberries, Ac 

Acidulous Watxrs, Aqua AciduUB. Mineral 
waters oontaining carbonic acid gas sufficient to 
render them sourish. See Waters, mineraL 

Acidulous Watke, Simple, Aqua Ac^'idi Cbr- 
honfidf (Ph. U. S.) Aqua a'criadxi, Aqua acid'' 
ula nmpleXf Liquor sen Aqua Sodat effcrvt^ceiMf 
Aqua Oarhona'tit Soda aeid'ula, Soda waier, Jft- 
neral water, (F.) Eau Aciduh aimpU, is water 
impregnated with fixed air. 

Water, so impregnated, is cooling, and slightly 
stiifinlating. It is used beneficially in dyBpepsi% 
and in cases of romiting, Ac. 

ACIDUM ACETICUM, Aceticum addum— a. 
Aceticum aromaticum, Acetum aromaticum — a. 
Aceticum camphoratum : see Aceticum addum — 
a. Aceticum dilutum : see Aceticum Acidum — a. 
Aceticum empyreumaticum, Pyroligneous add— 
a. Aceticum Scilliticum, Acetum scillss — a. Aoe« 
tosellsD, Oxalic acid — a. Acetosum, Acetum — a. 
Allantoicum, Allantoic acid — a. Amnicum, Am- 
niotic add — 9k. Arsenicosum, Arsenious add — ^a. 
Arseniosum, (Ph. U. S.) Arsenious add — a. Axo- 
tioum. Nitric Acid — a. Benzoicum, Bei^amin, 
Flowers of — a. Boradcum, Boracie acid — ^a. Bo- 
russicum. Hydrocyanic acid — a. Carbonicunif 
Carbonic add — a. Citricum, Citric acid — ^a. Gal- 
licum. Acid, gallic — a. Hydriodicum, Acid hydri- 
odio — a. Hyarocarbonicum, Oxalic add — a. Hy- 
drochloricum, Muriaticum addum — a. Hydrocy- 
anicum. Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydrocyanionm 
dilutum, see Hycbrooyanic Acid — a. Hydrothioni- 
cum liquldum, see Hydrosulphuretted water — a. 
lodicum. Add, iodic — a. Jatrophicum, see Jatro- 
pha curcas — a. Lacticum, Lactic acid — a. Ligne- 
nm, Pyroligneous acid — a. Llgni pyro-oleosum, 
Pyroligneous acid — a. Lithicum, Uric acid — a. 
Marinum concentratnm, Muriaticum addum — a. 
Morbosum, Acidities — a. Muriaticum, Muriaticum 
addum — ^a. Muriaticum dilutum. Muriatic acid — a. 
Muriaticum nitroso-oxygenatum, Nitro-muriatio 
acid — a. Nitri, Nitric acid — a. Nitricum, Nitaio 
acid — a. Nitricum dilutum, Nitric acid — a. Nitro- 
Muriaticum, Nitro-muriatic acid — a. Oxalinum, 
Oxalic add — a. Phosphoricum, Phosphoric acid 
— a. Primamm viarum. Acidities — a. Prussicum, 
Hydrocyanic acid — a. Pyro-acetieum, Pyroligne- 
ous add— Hk Pyrolignosum, Pyroligneous acid-— 
a. Pyroxylicum, Pyroligneous acid — a. Querd- 
tannicum. Tannin — a. Sacchari, Oxalic acid — a. 
Saccharinum, Oxalic acid — a. Salis, Muriaticum 
acidum — a. Salis culinaris, Muriaticum addum— 
a. Sails marini, Muriaticum addum — a. Septicum, 
Nitric acid — a. Sucdnicum, Succinic acid — a. Snl- 
phuricnm, Sulphuric acid — a. Sulphuricum alcoo- 
lisatum, Elixir addum Halleri — a. Sulphuricum 
aromaticum. Sulphuric acid, aromatic — a. Sul- 
phuricum dilutum, Sulphuric acid, diluted — a. 
Sulphuris yolatile. Sulphurous add — a. Sulphu- 
rosicum. Sulphurous add — a. Tannicum, Tannin 
— a. Tartari esseptiale, Tartaric acid — a. Tartari- 
oum. Tartaric acid — a. Tartarosum, Tartaric acid 
— a. Uricum, Uric acid — a. Urolithicum, Urio 
acid — a. Vitriolicum, Sulphuric acid — a. Vitrioli- 
cum aromaticum, Sulphuricum addum aromati- 
cum — a. Yitriolienm alcohole aromaticum, Sul- 
phorionm addum aromatioam— a. Vitrio^oum 




Tinofomy Elixir acidnm Halleri — a. Zooticnm, 
Hydrocyanic acid — a. Zootinicum, Hydrocyanic 

ACIDURGIA, Surgery (operatiTC.) 
AOIER, Chalybs. 

ACIES, Chalybs— a. Digitorum maniu. Pha- 
langes of the fingers — a. Diuma, Hemeralopia. 

ACINE'SIA, Acine'M, Akine'na, Immolnl'i- 
tat, Quiety Requxf, Jiequie'tio, Etyeh'ia, Erem'ia, 
from a, privative, and ictrrivts, motion/ luva*, * I 
move.' Rest Immobility. Also, the interval 
between the systole and diastole of the heart — 

Under the term Acinese; Romberg includes 
the paralytic neuroses, or those that are charac- 
terized by defect of motive power. 
ACINI OF MALPIOHI, Corpora Malpighiana. 
ACINUS, Ao"inu»glandMlo'tu$, from ae"inu»f 
' a grape-stone.' A giandi/orm eorptucle or gra- 
nulcUion, in which secretion was supposed to take 
place, and the excretory radicle to arise. Acini 
are the glob'uli arteria'rum ter'mini of Nichols. 
The term ac"\ni glandulo'n has also been given 
to glands, which, like the pancreas, are arranged 
as it were in clusters. See Lobule. 
ACIPENSER, see IchthyocoUa. 
ACIURQIA, Surgery, (operative.) 
ACMAS'TICUS, from axfuit 'the top,' and <mn#, 
*I remain.' A fever which preserves an equal 
degree of intensity throughout its course. It is 
also called Homot'onot, The Greeks gave it the 
name of Epaemat'tieo$, and Stfn'ochot, when it 
went on increasing, — and Porac«a#'rico«, when 
it decreased. — Qalen. 

ACM]^, Vigor, Cor'yphi, (hlmina'tioy Status, 
F(utig"ium. The period of a disease at which 
the symptoms are most violent. Arehi, Ap^V* i^' 
'the commencement;' anab'atit, ava0aert(, * the 
period of increase j' and aemi, aKuri, * the height' 
ACMELLA, Spilanthus acmella-— a. Mauriti- 
ana, Spilanthus acmella. 
ACMON, Incus. 

ACNfi, Aena, lon'thw vant; Varua, Pndra'eia 
Aene, Stone Pock, Whelk, Bubucle, (F.) Dartre 
ptutuleuse di»9(m\nfe. A small pimple or tuber- 
cle on the face. — Gomeus. Focsius thinks the 
word ought to be Acme; and, according to Cas- 
rius, it is, at all events, derived from ac/ii;, ' vi- 
gour ;' the disease affecting those in the vigour 
of life, especially. 

Willan and Bateman have adopted the term in 
their Nosology of cutaneous diseases, and placed 
it in the Order, Tubercula. Acne, with them, is 
an eruption of distinct, hard, inflamed tubercles, 
iometimes continuing for a considerable length 
of time, and sometimes suppurating slowly and 
partially. They usually appear on the forehead, 
temples and chin, and are common to both sexes; 
but the most severe forms are seen in young men. 
They require but littie management, and consist 
of four varieties; Aene indura*ta, A, timplex, 
{BaploHcn^,) A. puncta'ta(Ion'iku$ varua nunc- 
ta'tua, Puncta muco'ta, Comedo'nea or Maggot 
Pimple,) and A, rota'cea, — See Gutta Rosea. 

AcKB Rosacea, Gutta rosea — a. of the Throat, 
Pharyngitis, follicular. 

ACNBS'TIS, from o, privative, and icvauv, 'to 
loratoh.' The part of the spine which extends, 
in quadrupeds, from between the shoulders to the 
loins. According to Pollux, the middle of the 
loins. The vertebral column. 
ACNESTOS, Cneorum tricocoum. 

ACOB, Audition, Ear. 

AC(E'LIOS, from a, privative, and miXia, 'belly.' 
Devoid of belly. One who is so emaciated as to 
i^^MT to have no belly.— Galen* 

ACOEMETER, Aeoumeter. 

ACOEMETRUM, Aeoumeter. 


ACOESIS, Audition. 

ACOGNOSIA, Pharmaoognosia. 

ACOLASIA, Intemperance. 

ACOLOGT, Materia Medica. 

ACONE, Mortar. 

cammorum — a. Salutaire, Aconitum anthora. 

ACONITA, see Aconitum nwellus. 

ACONITE, Aconitum— a. Folia, see Aconitum 
— a. Radix, see Aconitum. 

ACONITI FOLIA, see Aconitum — a. Badiz» 
see Aconitum. 

ACONITIA, see Aconitum napellus. 

ACONITIN, see Aconitum napellus. 

ACONITINE, see Aconitum napellus. 

ACONITIUM, see Aconitum napellus. 

ACONI'TUM, from Ae*onf, a place in Bithy- 

nia, where it is common, (^noc'tonon, Parda- 

Itan'chea, Pardalian'chum, Caniei'da, Ac'onite^ 

Wolfahane, MonkaKood. Nat, Ord. Ranuncula- 

ce». Sex. Si/»t. Polyandria Trigynia. 

Aconitum, Aconite, in the Pharmacopceia or 
the United SUtes, 1842, is the leaves of AconU 
turn napellus, and A. paniculatum. In the last 
edition, 1851, Aconiti folia is the officinal name 
for the leaves ; Aconiti radix for that of the root 
Aconi'tum An'thora, AeonVtum Salutifepm, 
sen nemoro'ium sou Oandol'lei sen Jaequini sea 
euVophum seu anthoroldeum, An'thora vulga'ria, 
An'thora, Antith'ora, Sal'utary Monkakood, 

Wholeaome Wol/abane, Yellow helmet Jlover. 
(P.) Aconit aalutaire. The root of this variety, 
as of all the rest, is poisonous. It is used as a 
cathartic and anthelmintic. Dose gss to yj. 
AcoNrniM AsTnoBOiDEUM, A. anthora. 
Aconi'tum Cam'marum, a, panieula'tum, A, 
macran'thum, A. Kuenexo^vii, (F.) Aeonit * 
granda Jleura, resembles Aconitum Kapellus in 

AcoNiTUic Candollei, a. anthora — a. Bulo- 
phnm, A. anthora — a. Jaequini, A. anthora— a. 
Kusnezovii, A. cammarum — a. Macranthum, A. 


Aconi'tom Napel'lus, NapeVlua verua, Aeo- 
ni'tum, Common Monkahead or Wolfabane, A. Ne- 
omonta'num. (F.) Chaperon de Moine. The leaves 
are narcotic, sudorific, and deobstment (?) They 
have been used in chronic rheumatism, scroftila, 
scirrhus, paralysis, amaurosis, Ac. The active 
principle is called Aeonit'ia, Aconiti'na, Ae<mi*ta, 
Aconieium or Aeonitine. A form for its prepara- 
tion is contained in the Ph. U. S. (1861.) It is 
made by treating an alcoholic extract of the ro€t 
with dilute aulphuric acid; preciplUting by aolu- 
tion of ammonia; dissolving the precipitate in 
dilute aulphuric acid; treating with animal char- 
coal; again precipitating with aolution of ammo* 
nia; washing with water, and drying. It re- 
quires 150 parts of cold and 50 of boiling water 
to dissolve it, but is readily dissolved by alcohol 
and ether. It neutralizes the acids, and forms 
with them uncrystallizable salts. It has been 
used internally, and especially applied exter- 
nally, in neuridgic coses, iatralepticaUy and en- 
dermically. Dose of Aconitum, gr. j. to gr. iy. 

AcoKiTux Nemorosum, a. anthora — a. Neo- 
montanum, A. napellus — a. Paniculatum, A. cam- 
marum — a. Racemosum, ActsBa spicata — a. Saln- 
tiferum, A. anthora. 

ACONU'SI, AeoHn'oai, Aeodn'oai, ftom a«wf, 
' audition,' and vwcos, * disease.' Morbi an'rium 
et audi'tiia. Diseases of the ears and audition. 


AC'OPIS. Same etymon as the next Pliny 




^f«t tlisf name to m predoni etonei whieh wu 
bojkd in oQ and ued agminst wearinefls. 

AC'OPON, from ; priTatirey and toirot, 'weari- 
MHu' A remedy againctwearinesB — Foi'sioa, Gor- 
isiUyAo. At'opmm, — Celius, Pliny. SeeAnagyris. 

ACOPRIA» Constipation. 

AC0PE0SI8, Constipation. 

ACOR BEKZOiNUS, Benjamin— a. Bond- 
COS, Boraeie add — a. Sncdneos, Sncdnio add — 
a. Salphnria, Solphnrie add — a. TartaricoB, Tar- 
taric add* 

ACORB BATARDj Iris pseudaoonur— a. 
JViKEy Iris pBeadaconu — a. Odorant, Aoonu 

ACOBBS, Adda, and Addities. 

ACOE'IA, from «, privatiTe, and icofCM, ' I sa- 
tiate.' An inordinate or eanine appetite. — ^Hip- 

ACOBI'TESb A wine made of Aeoras.— Dios- 

ACOR'KUS, from, c, priratxre, and if^oi, 
'trunk.' A monster deroid of a tnink. — Qurlt. 

ACORN, JUPITER'S, Fagns oaetanea— a. 
Oily, ftnilmidina moringa — a. Sardinian, Fagns 

ACORNS. See Qaerens alba. 
ACORUS ADULTERINUS, Iris psendaoorus. 
Ac'ORiTB Cal'amcs. X VenUf OaVamut Aro- 
SMl'tetw, C. Odcra'tfu, CeUfamtu vulga'rUf Typha 
AromatfieOf Aeorut Brunlun'titf Clava Bngo'ta, 
Sm»eifiaig or Ac'onw, Flayroot, Sweet eanej Myrtle 
Fia§, S»^et gram, Sweet root. Sweet ru»K (F.) 
/oac roMOM on Oanne aromatiquef Aeore odorant, 
Aot Ord» AroidesB ; AooraoesB. (Lindley.) Sex. 
8f*i, Hexaodria Monogynia. The rhizoma — (kU*- 
omma (Ph. U. S.)— b stomachio and canpinatiTe, 
bat is rarely used. It is regarded as a good ad- 
JQTaat to bark in quinia and intennlttents. 

Ac'oRus Palxtstkis, Iris pseudaooma— a. Vol- 
garia, Iria paendaooms. 
AC08, MedicamenL 

ACOS'MIA, from «, privatiTe, Bikd Keofiot, 'or- 
der, ornament,' Disorder, irregularity in the 
critical daya, aecording to Galen, who uses the 
word nvftrnt for regularity in those days. Others, 
and partieolarly Pollux, call bald persons a*9viKn, 
because they are deprived of one of their most 
bcaatiJal omvnenta. 

ACOUM'ETER, AeouSmUter, Accim'eter, Aeo- 
im'etrum, Acu'uteter, Aeueim^eter, (F.) Aooum^tre, 
from ocMM, ' I hear,' and ^trpev, * measure.' An 
iastrument dedgned by M. Itard for measnxing 
Um d^ree of hearing. 
ACOUMiTRBf Aeonmeter. 
ACOUOPHO'NXA, Coplu/nia; from wcw>, 
*1 bear,* and f^vn, 'voiee,' ** Ane^euUatary Per- 
cat'aioii." A mode of aascnltation, in which the 
e b s si ier nlaees hia ear on the chesty and analyses 
the MDBd prodnoed by perensdon. — Donn6. 

ACOCS'MA, an imaginary noise. Deprared 
•esse of hearing. 

ACOCS'TIC, AeiM'fteaa. That which belongs 
to the ear; as Aeouetic nerve, Aemutie trumpet 

Acousne MEnicuni la one nsed in diseased au- 

AcovB'nct, Aeas'fico. (F.) Aeouetique, The 
part of phydea which treats of the theory of 
ioaads. It is also called Pkomee. 
AOOUSTIQUB, Acoustics. 
ACQUA BINELLI, Aqua Binellu— a. Broo- 
ebieri. Aqua Brocchierii — k Monterossi, Aqua 
BiaeDii — ^ di N^ioli, Liquor arsenic^ — a. 
deUa Toffisna, Liquor amenicalis. 
ACQUSTTA, Liquor Araenicalia. 
thermal suli^areoaa springs are in Pi^mont 
Their tenperatare ia 167® Fabr., and they con- 
Ida lolphohydiio add and chloride of sodium. 

ACQtriRBD DISEASES, Jfor6»* aecntVfs 
Jf. advemti'Hif M. epiefe'li. AdvenHHone dieeaeeB, 
(F.) Maladiee aequieee. Diseases which occur 
alter birth, and which are not dependent upon 
hereditary predispodtion. 

ACRAPPALA, from a, privatiTe, and lepaivttXii, 
' dmnkenness.' Remedies against the clTeotB of 
a debauch. — Gorrssus. 

ACRA'LEA, fit>m a«p«f, 'extremity.' The 
extreme parts of the body, as the head, hands, 
feet, nose, ears, Ac. — Hippocrates and Galen. 
See Aerea. 

ACRA'NIA, fr^m a, priratire, and rpaviov, 'the 
cranium.' Want of cnuiinm, wholly or in put. 

ACRA'SIA, from a, privative, or 'bad,' and 
irpan;, 'mixture.' Intemperance. Excess of any 
kind. — Hippocrates. 

It has been employed to denote debility, syno- 
nymously with Aeratia; but this may have been 
a typographical inacenraey. 

ACRATFA, from a, privative, and xpart, 
' strength.' Impotence ; weakness, fainting. 

AGRATIS'MA, from a, privative, and KtfW' 
wfu, ' to mix.' A breakfast, oondsthig of bread 
steeped in wine, not mixed with water. — Galen, 

ACRATOM'ELI, from exporov, 'pure wine,' 
and ttcXc, ' honey.' Wine mixed with honey. 

ACRATOPE'OA AkraMope'gm, from «, priva- 
tive, and ffpare;, 'strength,' and miyn, 'a spring.' 
Mineral waters having no marked chemical qua- 

ACRATOPOS'IA, fitmi Atraium, and inot%, 
' drink.' The drinking of pure or unmixed wine. 

A'CRATUM, eatparn, from a, privative, and 
Kparor, 'strength.' Unmixed wine, — Acra<wa 
etattm, Ftntiiii mertan, 

ACRATURE'SIS, from AeraJtia, 'weakness,' 
and ovpoy, 'urine.' Inability to void the urine 
fix»m paralysis of the bladder. 

ACRE. The extremity or tip of the nose. 

A'CREA, AerotfriOf from oKpet, ' the summit.' 
The extreme parts of tiie body, as the feet, hands, 
ears, Ac 

Also the extreme parts of animals that are nsed 
as food. Aerocolia. 

ACRID, from axpo(, 'a point or summit,' or 
from ajTff, 'a point,' Acer, An epithet for sub- 
stances whieh occasion a disagreeable sense of 
irritation or of constriction at the top of the 

Acrid keatf (F.) Chaleur dere, is one that causes 
a hot tingling sensation at the extremities of the 

Acrid Poisov, See Poison. 

AcBiDB, in Pathology, are certfun imaginary 
substances, supposed by the humourists to exist 
in the humours, and to cause various diseases. 
See Acrimony. 

ACRIDOPH'AGI, from oK^tt, 'a locust,' and 
^avb), 'I eat.' Locuet-eatert, Acridophagona 
trioes are said to exist in Africa.-~Strabo. 

ACRIMONY, Aeu'itae, Acrimo'nia, from acer, 
' acrid,' an (, ' a point' Acrimony of the humours. 
An imaginary acrid change of the blood, lymph, 
Ac, which, by the humourists, was conceived to 
cause many diseases. 

ACRIN'IA, from «, privative, and xpcvM, 'I 
separate.' A diminution in the quantity, or a 
total suspension, of the secretions. 

ACRIS, a sharp bony prominence. Also, the 

ACRI'SIA, Atri*9\$f from a, privative, and 
Kftviif 'judgment' A condition of disease, in 
which no Judgment can be formed ; or in which 
an unfavourable opinion must be given. — Hipp, 
and Galen. 

ACRI8IS, Aeriria. 




AORIT'IOAL, Ae'ritot, from a, priratiye, and 
cfifftc, ' jndgmenL' That which takea place with- 
out any oriBia, or which does not foretell a criflis; 
M a eriiieal 9ympiowi, abtctm, Ac 

ACRITOS, Acritical. 

ACRIVIOLA, Tropteolom mi^iu. 

ACROAMA, Audition. 

AGROASIS, Audition. 

ACROBYS'TIA, Acropot'tkia, from oKff, 'top/ 
and /Sow, ' I ooTer/ The extremity of the prepuce. 
— Hippocrates. Rufus. 

ACROCHEIR', Acrockir', Aerockeir'on^ from 
oKpoi, 'extremity/ and x'^h '^^® hand.' The 
forearm and hand. Gomeus. Also, the hand. 

ACROGHOR'DON, from axpoc, 'extremity/ 
and x«^9y ' ^ string.' A tumour which hangs by 
a pedicle. A kind of hard wart, Verru'ca ptnt^- 
iU§. — ^AeUns, Celsus. 

ACROOHORIB'MUS, from ait^f 'extremity/ 
and x^f*^^* '^ dance.' A kind of dance, wiUi 
the ancients, in which the arms and legs were 
violently agitated. 


AGROGOLIUM, Acromion. 

AGROD'RYA, from axpor, 'extremity/ and 
Imtif 'a tree.' Autumnal fruits, as nuts, ap- 
ples, Ac 

AGRODYN'IA, Erytke'tna aerod'ynum, E. 
mcrodjfH'iOf (F.) Aerodynie, from airpo(, 'extre- 
mity,' and odvyi;, ' pain.' A painftil affection of 
the wrists and ankles especially, which appeared 
in Paris as an epidemic, in 1828 and 1829. It 
was supposed by some to be rheumatio, by others 
to be owing to spinal irritation. 

AGROLENION, Olecranon. 


AGROMIA, Acromion. 

AGRO'MIAL, Acromia'lU, Relating to the 

Acromial Ar'tbrt, External Seap'ular, A. 
ArU'ria Tkorao"ica kumera'lUf Artire troUiime 
de9 Tkor€ieiqu€»f-—{Ch,) A. Tkaracique hutni- 
raUf arises from the anterior part of the axillary 
artery, opposite the upper edge of the pectoralis 
minor. It divides into two branches : one, ««/>e- 
rior; the other, inferior, — the branches of which 
are distributed to the subclavius, serratns migor 
anticus, first intercostal, deltoid, and pectoralis 
miyoi' muscles, as well as to the shoulder joint, 
Ac They anastomose with the superior scapu- 
lar, thoracic, and circumflex arteries. 

Acromial Nbrtkb, Nervi aeromia'le*. 
Branches of the fourth cervical nerve, which are 
distributed to the acromial region. 

Acromial Veizt has the same arrangement 
M the artery. 

the acromion and coracoid process. 

The triangular ligament between the acromion 
and coracoid process of the scapula is so called. 

AGRO'MION, Acro'tniuMf Aero'mia, Acro'miSf 
from oKpos, 'the top,' and oitos, 'the shoulder.' 
Ot Aoro'mii, Hu'tnerua Bummtu, Armua iummtUf 
Muero ku'meri, Rottrum porci'num, Cap%U Scap'- 
mUtf Acroco'lium, The process which terminates 
the spine of the scapula, and \b articulated with 
the clavicle. 

AGROMIS, Acromion. 

AGROMPHALIUM, Acromphalon. 

AGROM'PHALON, Acrompka'lium, from 
micfos, 'the top,' and ou^aXog, 'the naveL' The 
extremity of Uie umbilical cord, which remains 
attached to the foetus after birth. 

AGROMTLE, Patella. 


A'GRONYX, from a«fof, 'the summit,' and 
•rvf, ' the naiL' Growing in of the nail. 

AGROPABALTSIS, from oKfs, 'extremi^,' 

and napaXvntf 'palsy/ ParaVytu exirewutaftmmp 
Palsy of the extremities. Fuohs. 

AGROPOSTHIA, Aorobystia. 

AGROPSI'LON, from Mpof, 'extremity/ nd 
\p(Aof , ' naked.' The extremity of the glans penSt. 

AGRORIA. Vertex. 

AGRORRUEU'MA, J?A^inaf if'miM sGefremOa'. 
fwm, fromajcpof, 'extremity,' and f>cv/ta, 'defloziony 
rheumatism.' Rheumatism of tiie extremitiea. 

AGROS, axpos, ' extremity, top.' The strengtiL 
of the AthlotiP, and of diseases ; the prcnnineneai 
of bones : the extremities of the fingers, Ac Sea 
Acroohcir, Acromion, Ac 

ACROTERIA, Acrea. See Extremity. 

AGROTERIASIS, Acroteriasmus. 

AGROTERIAS'MUS, AcroUri'oM, from aue- 
nypia, 'the extremities/ hence acporfjpia^air, 'to 
mutilate.' Amputation of the extremities. 

AGROTHYM'ION, from okdos, 'top,' and 
Svnovf ' thyme.' A kind of conical, rugous, bloocty 
wart, compared by Gelsus to the flower of thyme. 

AGROT'IGA, from axpo^f 'summit.' Diseaeea 
affecting the cxcement functions of the external 
surface of the body. 

Pravity of the fluids or emunctories that open 
on the external surface ; wiUiont fever or other 
internal affection as a necessary accompaniment. 

The 3d order of the class Eeerit'iea of CKkkL 

ACROTISMUS, Asphyxia. 

AGT, Actut, from actum, past partieiple of 
agere, ' to do,' ' a thing done/ The effective ex- 
ercise of a power or faculty. The action of an 
agent Acte is used by the French, to signiQr 
the public discussion, which occurs in supporting 
a thesis : — thus, toutenir un Acte awe Ecolee d« 
3ff(ieciHe, is, 'to defend a Thesis in the Sehoob 
of Medicine.' 

AGT^'A GIMICIFUGA, A. raeemo'm. 

AcTiE'A Racemo'sa, A, Cimicifuga, Oimi- 
cifuga, (Ph. U. S.) G, raeemo'ea, Macro'trye 
racemo'Maf Bot'ropkie Scrpenta'ria {f) Scrpeu- 
ta'ria nigra. Black enakeroot, Bickweed, (V- 
ko^hy Squaw root, Battleweed, Blo/ck Cokoek, 
(F.) Actie d grappee, Serpentaire noire, NalL 
Ord, RanunoulaccoD. Sex, Syet, Polyandria Pen- 
tagynia. A common plant in the United States. 
The root is astringent ; and, according to Barton, 
has been successfully used, in the form of decoe- 
tion, as a gargle in putrid sore throat A decoo- 
tion of the root cures the itch. It is acro-naroo* 
tic, and has been used in rheumatism, acute and 
chronic; chorea, Ac. 

Act^'a Spica'ta, Ohrietopkoria'na epica'ta, 
Aeoni'tum rrio^mo'ram, Baneherry, Herb Ckrie^- 
topker. (F.) Herbe St, Ckrietopke, A perennial 
herbaceous European plant, toe root of which 
resembles that of the black hellebore. The root 
is cathartic, and sometimes emetic, and in over- 
doses may produce dangerous consequences. 

Acttt'a America'na, of which there are two 
varieties, A. alba and A, rubra, — wkite and red 
cokotk, is indigenous in the United States. It 
has the same properties as A. spioata. 

AGTE, Sambncus. 

ACTE^ Act 

AC TEE d QRAPPES, Actsea raoemosa. 

ACT IF, Active. 

AGTIO, Action, Function. 

ACTION, Ac'tio, Opera'tio, En^rgi'a, Praxie : 
firom agere, actum, ' to act' Mode in which one 
object influences another. 

The animal action* are those that occur in the 
animal body : the vital, those that are essential 
to life : the pkynological, those of a healthy cha- 
racter : the patkological, or morbi^c, those that 
occur in disease, Ac. The ancients divided the 
pkyeiological actions into vital, animal, natural, 
eexmalf partieular, general, Ac See Fonetion. 




AOnONBS NATUBAUSS, see Fmetton. 

ACTITBy same etymon. Jhat'ticut, Aeti'vua, 
Stkmficu$, Bypentken'ictu. (JF.) AeH/. Thifl 
m^eetire is nsed, in Pathology, to convey tiie 
idea of tnperabnndant energy or etrength. AcHve 
^jfmpiomu, e. g, are those of excitement. In Thu- 
rapeutiet, it signifies energtUo: — as, an acftve 
trtatmtau. The Freneh nse the expression Mi- 
dedne agutanie, in contradistinction to Mideeine 
€K]pteUuU€, In Physiology, active has a similar 
significatioa, many of the functions being divided 
into acttve and passive. 

ACTON. A village near London, at which 
tiiere is a purgative mineral springy like that at 

ACTUAL. Same etymon as acftve. That 
whidi acts immediately. A term usnally re- 
stricted to the red-hot iron, or to heat in any 
form ; in contradistinction to the potential or vir- 
Utalf which is applied to caustics or escharotics. 

ACTUA'RIUS. OriginaUy a tiUe of dignity 
l^ven to the Byxantine physicians. 


ACCITAS, Acrimony. 


ACUMETERy Aoonmeter. 

ATUPUNCTI7EE, Acupunctu^ra, from ocim, 
'a needle,' and puneUhra, 'a pnnctore.' A sur- 
peal oper^on, much in nse amongst the Chinese 
and JapAttese, which consists in puncturing parts 
with a very l^e needle. It has been employed, 
of late yejtfs, in obstinate rheumatic affections, 
A&, and apparentiy with success. Acupuncture 
is Ukewise a mode of infanticide in some coun- 
tries; the needle being forced into the brain 
ihrooeh the fontanelles, or into the spinal mar- 
row, 4c. 

ACURGIA, Surgery (operative.) 

ACTJ8, Needle ~ a. Capitota, Pin— a. Invagi- 
Bata, s«e Needle — a. Ophthalmiea, see Needle — 
a. Paracentica, Trocar — ^a. Paracentetica, Trocar 
— a. Trif)Betra vulgaris. Trocar — a. Veneris, 
Srynginm campestre. 

ACUSIHETER, Acoumeter. 

ACUSIS, Audition. 

ACUSTICA, Acoustics. 

ACU8TICUS, Auditory. 

ACUTE, Aeu'tu9f Oxyt, o^vf, (««;, 'a point') 
(7.) A^u. A disease wldch, witii a certain de- 
gree of severity, has a rapid progress, and short 
dnration, is said to be "acute." — Oxjfnott'mOf 
Ozya'oMc, Oary»«'«os. 

l)iseases were formerly subdivided into Morhi 
memiit^simif very acute, or those which last only 
tikree or four days : Jf. mhcufutit'timif which con- 
tanue seven days: and M. tuhaeu'ti, or those 
which last from twenty to forty days. 

The antithesis to aettte is chronic Acute, when 
applied to pain, sound, cries, Ac, means aharp, 

ACUTENACULUH, Porte-aiguilU. 

ACTANOBLEP'SIA, from a, privative, xvavo;, 
'blue,' and fikttm, *1 see.' Defective vision, 
which consists in incapability of distinguishing 
Mae. — 69thc Bee AchromatopsiiL 

ACTESIS, SterlHtas. 

A CYRU S, Arnica montana. 

ACYTERIUS, Abortive. 

AD AC A. The Spkasran,*tkv9 IWdieue, a Mala- 
bar V^aat* which is acrid and aromatic 

ADAC'RTA, from a, privative, and SoKfvv, 'I 
weep.' Defective secretion of tears. 

ADAMONIA, Anxiety. 

ADAKO'DIEN. A Malabar plant of the fa- 
mily Apocynev, used in that oountry in diseases 
of the eyes. 

AIVALI, Lip'pitu A Malabar plant, which 
the Orientsis regard m an antidote to the bite of 


the teeth. 

ADAMAS, Diamond. 

ADAMI'TA, Adami'tuwh A very hard, whit* 
calculus. — ^Paracelsus. 

The first word has been used for stone in tha 
bladder : the second for Uthiaais or the oakuloufl 

ADAM'S APPLE, Pomnm Adamt 


ADAPTER, from ad and apto, ' I fit' A tube 
employed in pharmaceutical operations for length* 
ening the neck of a retort; or in cases where the 
opening of the receiver is not large enough to 
admit tiie beak of the retort. 

ADAR'CE, Adar'eion, Adar^ei* A concretion 
found about the reeds and grass in the marshy 
regions of Oalatia, and hiding them, as it were : 
hence the name, from a, privative, and ^<aku, ' I 
see.' It was formerly in repute for deansmg tha 
skin from freeklee, Ac 

ADARIOO, Orpiment 

ADARNECH, Orpiment 


The tvperfieial artery of the abdomen, — ^a branch 
of the crural or femond, which arises at the 
lower part of Pouparf s ligament and ascends 
towards tiie umbilicus, being distributed to the 

ADDAD. A Numidian plant; bitter and 

ADDEPHAG"IA, Adephag'Ha, from aiinv^ 
'much,' and t^ytiv, 'to eat' Voraeioueneu, 
Galen and Hoffman have given this name to vo- 
racious appetite in children affected with worms. 
Sauvages refers it to Bulimia. Also, the goddess 
of gluttony. 

ADDER'S TONGUE, Ophloglossum vulgatum. 

ADDITAMEN'TUM. A term once used sy. 
nonymously with Epiphyns, It is now restricted 
to tiie prolongation of two cranial sutures, the 
lamboidal and squamous. 

AnnrrAxcNTiTH Coli, Appendix vermiformia 
cssci — a. Neeatum, Olecranon — a. ad Sacrolum- 
balem, see Sacro-lumballs — a. Uncatum ulnss. 
Olecranon — a. UlnsB, Radius. 

ADDUCENS OCULI, Rectus intemus oculL 

ADDUOTEUR DE L'CEIL, Rectus inter- 
nus oouli — a. du Grot orteil. Adductor pollids 
pedis — a. Premier ou fMyen, Adductor longns 
femoris — a. du Pouce, Adductor poUicis manfis 
— a. Second ou petit, Adductor brevis — a. Troi- 
fi^me on grand. Adductor magnus. 

ADDUCTION, A(ic{tie'fto, from ad, " to,' Knd 
du4xre, 'to draw.' Parage' gi. The action by which 
parts are drawn towards tiie axis of the body. 

The muscles which execute this function ara 
called Addue'tore, 

terior medii digiti pedis — a. Oculi, Rectus inter- 
nus oculi. 

Adduc'tor Mstacab'px Kiv'iMi Dio"rri, Jfe- 
tacar*p€U8, Car'po-metaear'peiu min'imi dig"iti, 
is situate between the adductor and flexor, next 
to tiie metacarpal bone. It arises, fleshy, from 
the unciform process of the os undforme, and 
from the contiguous part of the annular ligament 
of the wrist, and is inserted, tendinous and fleshy, 
into the fore-part of the metacarpal bone of the 
little finger, from its base to its head. 

Adduc'tor Pol'licis MAMfis, A. Pol'lieie, A, 
ad min'imum dig"itum, Metaear'po-phalan'geuM 
poVlicii — f Ch.) (F.) Addueteur du pouce. A 
muscle which arises, fleshy, from almost the 
whole length of the metacarpal bone of the mid- 
dle finger, and is inserted into the inner part of 
the root of the first bone of the thumb. 




Addvo'tos Pol'licis Pbdib, AfUtth'enar, Me- 
tatar*aO'»uhpkcUan'geu9 poUicit. — (Ch.) Tar90- 
met<itarn-phalangien du pouee, (F.) Addueteur 
du grot orteiL Arises by a long, thin tendon, 
firom the under part of the oe calciH, from the oe 
eaboides, os cnneiforme externum, and from the 
root of the metatarsal bone of the second toe. It 
is diyided into two fleshy portions, and is inserted 
into the external sesamoid bone, and root of the 
metatarsal bone of the great toe. 

Biohat has given the general name, Addue'- 
%or», to those of the interosseous muscles of the 
hand or foot, which perform the action of ad- 

Adductor Tebtu Diom Pedis, Prior tertii 
digiU pedis. 

Adductors of the thigh. These are three 
In number, which have, by some anatomists, been 
united into one muscle — the Triceps Adduc'tor 

1. Addue'tor longu* /em'on*, Adduc'tor /em'- 

orU primxi»f Tricep* minorj Pu'bio-ftmora'lh — 
(Ch.) (F.) Premier ou moyen addueteur. Arises 
by a strong tendon from the upper and fore part 
of the 08 pubis and ligament of the symphysis, 
at the inner side of the poctinalis. It runs down- 
wards and outwards, and is inserted by a brood, 
flat tendon, into the middle of the linea aspera. 

2. Adduc'tor 6reri«, A, fern' or i» teeun'du*. 
Triceps tecun'dua, Sub-pubio-/emora'h'» — (Ch.) 
(F.) Second ou petit Addueteur, Arises tendi- 
nous from the os pubis, at the side of its sym- 
physis, below and behind the last muscle. It 
runs obliquely outwards, and is inserted by a 
short, flat tendon into the inner and upper part 
of the linea aspera, from a little below the tro- 
chanter minor to the beginning of the insertion 
of the adductor longus. 

3. Adduc'tor magntu, Adducftor fem'orit ter'- 
t\u» et quartutf Trieep* tnagnut, W chio-femora' - 
lit — (Ch.) (F.) Troisiime ou grand addueteur, is 
much larger than either of the others. It arises 
from the ramus of the pubis, from that of the 
ischium, and from the tuber ischii, and is inserted 
into the whole length of the linea aspera. Near 
tiie lower part of the linea aspera it is pierced 
by a kind of oblique, fibrous canal, through which 
the crural artery and vein pass. 

ADEC. The inner man. — Paracelsus. 

ADECTA, Sedatives. 

ADELIPARIA, Polysarcia. 

ADELODAGAM. A bitter Malabar plant, 
used in asthma, catarrh, and gout. 

ADELPHIA, see Adelphixia. 

ADELPlilX'IA, Adelphixia; from ait^os, 
'brother.' Consanguinity of parts in health or 
disease. Frater'nitatf Fratra'tio. Hippocrates 
used the word Adel'phia, for diseases that re- 
semble each other. 

ADELPHIXIS, Sympathy. 

ADEMONIA, Depression, Nostalgia. 

ADEMOSYNB, Depression, Nostalgia. 

ADEN, aSriVf 'a gland/ hence AdenalgiOfAde- 
niform, Ac. — see Gland. 

ADENAL'GIA, Adenodyn'iay from airjv, 'a 
gland,' and aXyofy 'pain.' Glandular pain. 

ADENECTOP'IA, from ahnv, 'a gland/ and 
(Kroirof, 'removed from its place.' Dislocation of 
a gland. 

ADENEMPHRAX'IS, from ainvy 'a gland,' 
and tft<ppa(ts, 'obstruction.' Glandular obstruc- 

ADEN'IFORM, Adcni/orm'is, AdenoVdet, 
Adenoid t from Aden, 'a gland,' and Forma, 'form 
or resemblance.' Olan'di/orm, or resembling a 
gland. . 


ADENI'TIS, from ainvy 'a gland,' and ilU, a 
termination denoting inflammation. Phlegma'aia 
adeno'ta sen glandulo'tei. Glandular inflamma- 

Adenitis Ltmphatioa, Lymphadenitis. 

Adeni'tis Mesrnter'ica, Mewnter'ie Gangli- 
onVtit, Inflammation of the mesenteric glands. 

Adenitis PALPSBRARUif Contagiosa, see Oph- 

gland/ ')(tipi '^® hand,' am-w, 'I lay hold of,' and 
\oYOit 'a description.' The doctrine of curing 
scrofula or the king's evil by the royal touch. 

ADENOCHON'DRIUS, from aifip, 'a gland/ 
and ^ovSpos, 'a cartilage.' Relating to gland and 
cartilage, — for example, Arthrophy'ma adeno^ 
ehon'drium, a tumefaction of the glands and car- 
tilages of joints. 

ADENODYNIA, Adenalgia. 

ADENOG'RAPHY, Adenogra'phia, from aArv, 
'a gland,' and ypa^M, 'I describe.' That part of 
anatomy which describes the glands. 

ADENOID, Adeniform. 

ADENOIDES, Adeniform. 

ADENOL'OGY, Adenolog"ia, from o^^v, 'a 
gland,' and \oYOi, 'a description.' A treatise on 
Uie glands. 

ADENOMALA'CIA, from ainv, 'a gland/ and 
pLokaKia, ' softening.' MoUescenoe or softening of 
a gland. 

ADENO-MENINGEAL, see Fever, adeno- 

ADENONCOSIS, Adenophyma. 

ADE'NO-PHARYN'GBUS, from ain^, '• 
gland,' and ^a^y^, ' the pharynx.' Some fleshy 
fibres, which pass from the constrictor pharyng^ 
inferior to the thyroid gland, have received this 
name. Their existence is not constant 

ADE'NO-PHARYNGI'TIS. Same etymon. 
Inflammation of the tonsils and pharynx. 

ADENOPHTHALMIA, Ophthalmia tarsL 

ADENOPHY'MA, Admon'cu*, Adenonco'nt, 
from airjv, 'a gland,' and ^v/ta, 'a swelling;' 
Swelling of a gland, or glandifi^rm ganglion. 
(F.) CUandnge, Adenophyma is used by some to 
signify a soft glandular swelling; — AdenonemM^ 
one of a harder character. — Kraus. 

Adexophyma Inofinalis. Bubo. 

ADENOSCIR'RHUS, AdenoacUro'M, from 
aifjv, 'a gland,' and cKtppoi, 'induration.' Scir- 
rhous induration of a gland. 

ADENOSCLEROSIS, Adenoscirrhus. 


ADENO'SUS, {Abece9'9u9.) A hard, glandular 
abscess, which suppurates slowly. — M. A. Seve- 

ADENOT'OMY, Adenotom'ia, from ai^v, 'a 
gland,' and rc/<vw, 'I cut.' Dissection of (lid 

ADEPHAGIA, Addephagia, Boulimia. 

ADEPS, Adeps Suillut, Oxt/n'gium, Pinmt^da, 
Pig's flare. The fat of the hog. In the Ph. U.S. 
the prepared fat of Sus tcro/a, free fit>m salins 

Adeps Anseri'nfs, Adept an'terit or Ooo— 
grease, (F.) Graiate d'Oie, is emollient. It has 
been used as an emetic. 

Adeps Cantharidibus Medicatus, Ungaen- 
tum lyttue medicatum — a. Cortice Daphnes gnidii 
medicatus, Unguentum epispasticum de Dwhne 
gnidio — a. Humanus, Liquamumia — a. Uydnup- 
gyro medicatus, Unguentam Hydrargyri — a. ex 
ilydrargyro mitius dictum cinereum, Unguentora 
oxidi hydrargyri cinereum — a. Hydrargyri muri- 
ate oxygenate medicatus, Unguentum muriatis 
hydrargyri oxygenati medicatum — a. Hydrargyii 
nitrate medicatus, Unguentum hydrargyri nitrads 
— a. Hydrargyri oxido rubro et plumbi aottft : 


Uiigiu&tQiii ophthahnicnm — a. Lanro 
■ed3«tni| Un^entam luuinam — a. Ovilli, Se- 
rum — a. Paparere, hyoaeyamo, et beUadoonft 
■edicatufi, Unguentam popaleam— a. Sulfure et 
ammonuB muriate medieatus, Ungaentmn nd- 
pkoratnm ad Bcabiem— a. 611111176 et earbonate 
poUfiMB medicatuB, UngveDfeom smlpfauratuin al- 
calinttm ad ecabtem — a. Tartaro stibii medioatiu, 
Vognentum antamonii tartariiaU — a. Oxido linol 
medicaius, Unguentam ozidi dnoi impori. 

Adbps Pm^PABA'TVBy Hoo^t lardf Barrow't 
frwate^ JLard^ Ax'unge, Azuu'gia, A<Up9 tui^lua 
fr^para^ttUf A. yrttparafttu, Axun'gia poreVna^ 
(F.) GmUae de Pore, Saindovx, u prepared by 
melting pig's flare, and itraining it. This is 
eaUcd rendering the lard* Lard is emollient, 
^t is obieily used for forming .ointments and 

ADEPT, Alehymist 

ADEP'TA MEDICI'NA. Medieine, which 
treated of diseases oontraeted by eelestial opera> 
tions, or communicated from heaven. 

AncpTA Philosophia, Alohymy. 

ADFLATUS, Afflatus. 

ADR£RENTIA, Adherence. 

APiLfiSIO, Adherence. 

ADHATO'DA, Jutic^'ia adkaio'dfu The ifo. 
hhv Sut Tree. (F.) Nover de CeyUrn. Used 
in India for expelling the dead fcstos in abortion. 
The word is said to conrey this meaning in the 

ADHE'BENCE, Adke'twn, Adhm^'tia, Ckm- 
er^tio, Atrm^aiOf Prot^phyeie, ProeeoU^ait, Ad- 
im^»i», from aiikmrere, {wl and Atfrere,) 'to stick 
te.' These words are usnally employed synonym- 
•asiy. The French often use adherence for the 
MMe of micMi, and odkeeion for the aet of ad- 

ADHESION, Adherence. 

flammadon which terminates by an adhesion 
between inflamed and separated surfaces, and 
which waa, at one time, supposed to be necessary 
for such adhesion. 

Aiktfeive is also an epithet for certain plasters 
whieh stiek cloaely to the skin. 

ADLANTHUM, Adiantum. 

ADIANTUM, A. pedatum. 

AoiAjrrrx jEthiop'xcdm. A South Afiican 
plant, JVai. Ord. FoUces, an infusion of which is 
•omedmea used as an emollient in coughs, and 
te diseases of the chest. 

AniAVTuii Album, Asplenlnm mta moiaria — 
& Aureum, Polytrichum. 

Anav'ttm Capil'lus Vbh'ibis, a, Coriandri^ 
fefliwm sea Nigrmwi, Capil'lue Vtm'erie, from a, 
priraUTe, and ^mivm, <to grow wet,' from the 
feaTcs aot being easily moistened. Maiden hair, 
(F.) OapiUaire de MonfpeUier, A European 
plant, M feeble, aromatic and demulcent pro- 
perties. It is used for forming the Sin>p de Oa- 
fUlaire or OmaiUaire. 

ADiAsrm CoBiAKDBiPOUVM, A. Capillus Ve* 

AsiABTrii KiQBUif, A. Capillus Veneris. 

Adiab'tum Pboa'tcm, a. Canaden'ei seu Pa- 
IMM, Adiantum, Cmtlme Fen'erfS (hnaden'ei; 
Herha Ven^erie, Filix Ven'erie, Oamada Maiden- 
Aair, American MaidenhaiTf Mock/em, Sheeet/em, 

2.) OmUaire dm Canada, has the same proper- 
s. OmpMatre was once made from this. See 
Ani ABTmc Bubbvv, Asplenlnm trichoBMOoides. 

ADIAPHOBCySIS, Adiaphvr^eie, from a, pri- 
rtliw, itm, * throogfa,' aad fefet, 'a pore.' Defect 
or wppieasiMU of penpiratioo, Adfiapmrntt^tion 

▲DIAPH'OBOITB, Adhfh'orm, Ind^wrmu, 


NeniraL A medicine which will neither do haim 
nor good. 

ADIAPNEU6TIA, Adiaphorofis. . 

ADIARRH(E'A, from a, priratiTe, and ha^ 

Stv, 'to flow.' Betentaon ot any ezcretion.— 

ADICB, Urtioa. 


AMIPEUX, Adipose. 

ADIPOCERA, IdipoctVe— a. Oetosa, CeC». 

ADIPOOIRE, Adipoce^ra, from adepe, <fkt,' 
and eera, <waz.' The base of biliary calculi, 
called also Chol'eeterine. Also, a sort of soap^ 
formed from animal matter under certain circum- 
stances. (F.) Orae dee Cadavree, Orae dee Oim^ 
tiiree. The human body, when it has been for some 
weeks in water, assumes this appearance ; and it 
has been a subject of legal inquiry, what length 
of time is neeessaiy to produce it This must^ 
of course, depend upon Tarions oiroumstances, aa 
climate, season, Ac 


AD'IPOSE, Ad'ipaue, Adip</eue, from adepe, 
'&t.' (F.) A<^t>eiiir. That which relates to fht— 
aa Adipoee tMmhreme, A, veeeele, Ac. See Fatty. 

Ad'iposb Saboo'ma of ABBura'THT, Emphymet 
earoo'ma adipo'eum, is sueity throughout, and 
enclosed in a thin capsule of condensed areolar 
substance, connected by means of aiunute ressels. 
It is chiefly found on the fore and back parts «if 
the trunk. See Sarcoma. 

ADIPOSIS. See Polysarcia. 

Adipo'bis Hbpat'ioa, Piwteh'eie hepat'tea. 
Fatty liver, Fatty degeneroHan of the liver, (F.) 
DigfnSreecenee gra ie a en ee du Foie. Fatty dis- 
ease of the liver. 

ADIP0SU8, Fatty. 

ADIP0U8, Fatty. 

ADIFSIA,2>tW«<««gMri. AbaenoeofthirBt 

ADIP'SON, Adip'eum, from a, privatire, and 
it^, * thirst.' Any subetanoe ' which relieres 
thirst Applied to a decoction of barley to which 
ozymel was added. — Hippoeratei. 

ADIPSOS, Olycyrrhixa. 

- AD'ITUS, ' an entrance,' 'an approach ;' from 
adere, aditum, < to go to.' Proe'odoe. The en- 
trance to a canal or duet, as Aditua ad Ajiwdiio- 
tum FaUopiu 

Aditub ad Iiiruin>iBnLi7if, VnlTa. 

ADIULIS'TOS, from a, priTaliTe, and ^tvXi^w, 
'I run.' Unstrained wine fbr phannaoentioal 
purposes. — GorrsBUS. 

ADJUNCTUM, Accompaniment 

ADJUTOB PABTCS, Accoucheur. 

AD'JUYANT, Ad'jwoane, from adjuvare, «to 
aid.' A medicine, introdttoed Into a presoriptloB 
to aid the operation of the principal ingredient 
or basis. Also, whatever assists in the removal 
or prevention of disease. 

ADNASCENTIA, Prosphysis. 

ADNATA (TUNICA,) Conjunctiva. 

ADN£b (MEMBRANE,) Conjunctiva. 

ADOLES'CENCE, Adoleecen'tia, Jnven'tue, 
JBUu hona, Youth; from adoleeeere (ad and 
oUeeere) 'to grow.' (F.) Jeuneeee. The period 
between puberty and that at which the body 
acquires its foil development; being, in man, 
between the lith and 25th years ; and, in woman, 
between the 12th and 2l8t 

ADOLBS'CENS, Jn'venie, ffehe'tee, Mehe'ter, 
Hehe'tor. A youth. A young man in the period 
of adolescence. 

ADO'LIA. A Malabar plant, whose learei^ 

Eit in oil, form a liniment, used in fodlltating 

ADOB, Zeaflsays. 
ADOBION, Dmow earotft. 




AD0UCI88ANT, Demulcent. 

AD PONDUS OM'NIUM. The weight of the 
whole. In a prescription it means, that any 
particttlar ingredient shall equal in weight the 
whole of the others. 

ADHAGANT, Tiagacantha. 

ADR A RIZA, Aristolochia dematitis. 

ADROBO'LON, from ahpot, 'great,' and/3«Xo(, 
'mass/ The bdellium of India, which is in larger 
pieces tiian that of Arabia. 

ADROS, odpof, 'plump and full.' Applied to 
the habit of body, and also to the pulse. — Hippo- 

ADSARIA PALA, Dolichos pruriens. 

ADSPIRATIO, Aspiration, Inspiration. 

ADSTANS, Prostote. 


ADSTRICTIO Astriction, Constipation. 

ADSTRIGTORIA, Astringents. 

ADSTRINOENTIA, Astringents. 

ADULAS'SO. The Justitia bivalvi; A small 
shrub, used in India as a local application in gout 

ADULT, see Adult age. 

Adult Aob, Af^ri'af from adoletcere, 'to 
grow to,' {(td and oleref olitumf * to grow.') Vi- 
ril'ity, The ago succeeding adolescence, and pre- 
oeding old age. In the civil law, an adult is one, 
who, if a boy, has attiuned the age of fourteen 

J ears ,* and, if a girl, of twelve. In the common 
kw, one of ftill age. AdtUt, Adul'tu*, is also 
used for one in the adult age. 

ADULTERATIO, Falsification. 

ADULTUS, see Adult age. 

ADUNCATIO UNGUIUM, Onychogryphosis. 

ADURENS, Caustic, 

ADURION, Rhus coriaria. 

ADUST, Adut'tua, from adurerCf (ad and 
ureref) 'to bum.' The blood and fluids were 
formerly said to be adust, when there was much 
heat in the oonstitation and but little serum in 
the blood. 

ADUSTIO, Adustion, Bum. 

ADUS'TION, Adut'tio, State of the body 
described under Adust In surgery, it signifies 


ADVENTITIUS, Accidental. 

AD YNA'MIA, Impoten'tia; from a, privatire, 
and ivvams, 'strength,' Adyna'na, Adyna'tia, 
Considerable debility of the vital powers ; as in 
typhus fever. Some Nosologists have a class of 
cQseases under the mune Adynamue, Et/lyttB, 
Morbi outhen'iei. 

AnricAMiA ViBiLis, Impotence. 

ADTNAM'IC, Adynatn'icu9, ffypodynam'ie, 
Hypodynam'icut ; same etymon* Appertaining 
to debility of the vital powers. 

ADYNASIA, Adynamia. 

ADYNATIA, Adynamia. 



ADYNATOS, Sickly. 

^D(EA, Genital Organs. 

iEDCE'AGRA, from ai^a, 'genital organs,' 
And ayptit ' seizur e.* Gout in the genitals. 

JBD(EAG'RAPHY, jEdceoffraph'ia, from «- 
fcia, 'organs of generation,' and ypai^, 'I de- 
scribe.' A description of the organs of gene- 

iED(BAL'OGT, ABd(jealog"i'a, from aticta, 'the 
pudendum,' and Xoyof, 'a description.' A treatise 
on the organs of generation. 

^DCEAT'OMY, jEdceaUm'ia, jEdceotom'ia, 
JBdoRot'omHf jEdixofomy, fi^m aiioia, 'the pu- 
dendum,' and rtftim, 'I cut' Dissection of the 
parts of generation. 

JBDOBI'TIS, .^daoti'tU, Med^'tu; from m- 

iota, 'genital organs,' and iti; denoting inflam- 
mation. Inflammation of the genital organsu 
^DCEODYN'IA, from tuSiaf 'genital orgaai/ 
and oSvvr}, 'pain.' Pain in the genitals. Pnden^ 

iEDCEOGARGALUS, Masturbation, Nym- 

iEDCEOGARGARISMUS, Mastorbatioiif 

iBDCBOMANIA, Nymphomania. 

^D(EON, Inguen. 

^DCEOPSOPHESIS, iEdoeopsophia. 

^DCEOPSOPH'IA, jEdaeopsophe'M, from oi- 
SoiUf 'the pudendum,' and rpo<puv, 'to make m 
noise.' Emission of wind by the urethra in man, 
by the vagina in woman. — Sauvages and Sagaf. 

^DCEOPSOPHiA Uterina, Physomctnu 

iEDCEOTITIS, ^doeitis— ». Gangrsenoaa, 
Colpocace — ce. QongrsBnosa puellarum, Colpo- 
cace infantilis — so. Gangrasnosa puerperanim, 
Colpocace puerperarum. 

^DOBOTOME, iBdoeatomy. 

iED(EOTOMIA, ^doeatomy. 

iEDCEOTOMY, -Sdoeatomy. 

^DOPTOSIS, Hysteroptosis— 89. Uteri, Pro- 
lapsus uteri — ee. Uteri in versa, Uterus, inversion 
of the — 89. Uteri retroversa, Retroversio uteri — 
8B. Vaghise, Prolapsus V. — se. Vesiess, Ezocyste. 

^EIG'LUCES, Aeig'lucea, from au, 'always,' 
and yXvKVi, 'sweet' A kind of sweet wine or 
must — Gorr»us. 

iEGAGROP'ILA, ABgagrop^ilij from aiyoyp^, 
' the rock goat,' and iriXo;, ' hair,' BHoar d*AUe- 
magne, Pila Dama'rutn sen Bupieapra'rum. A 
ball composed of hairs, found in the stomach of 
the goat: once used medicinally. — Besoar. 

^GEIROS, PopuluB. 

^GER, Sick. 

JE'GIAS, jEgU, jEglia, ^gidet, from ai(^ 'the 
goat;' why, is not known. TF.) Aige or Aigle, 
There is obscurity regarding tne precise meaning 
of this word. It was used to designate an ulcer, 
or speck on the transparent cornea. — Hippocrates. 

Maftre Jean uses it for a calcareous deposit 
between the conjunctiva and sclerotica. 

^GIDES, ^gias. 

^'GILOPS, An'chilopt, An'kylop§, fivm m^, 
' goat,' and u\p, ' the eye.' An ulcer at the greater 
angle of the eye, which sometimes does not pene- 
trate to the lachrymal sac, but at others doe^ 
and constitutes fistula lachrymalis. — Galen, Cel- 
sus, Oribasius, Aetius, Paulus of ^gina, Ac 

JEGI'RINON. An ointment of which the finit 
or flower of the poplar was an ingredient; from 
(uyupot, ' the black poplar.' 

^GLIA, ^gias. 

iEGOCERAS, Trigonella foenum. 

JEGOLETHRON, Ranunculus flammula. 

^GONYCnON, Lithospermum oflioinale. 

iEGOPHONIA, Egophony. 

iEGOPHONICUS, Egophonic. 


iEGRIPPA, Agrippa. 

^GRITUDO, Disease— SB. Ventriculi, YomH- 

^GROTATIO, Disease. 


ASGYP'TIA. An epithet for several medl- 
oines, mentioned by Galen, Paulus of iEgina^ 
and Myrepsus. 

iEoYp'TiA MoscHATA, Hiblscus abelmoBchns. 

iEoTP'TiA Sttpte'ria, Aiyvma mtimr^M, 
^Egyptian alum. Recommended by Hippoer. 

^oyp'tia Ul'cbra; jEgyptian vicert. UlosfW 
of the fauces and tonsils, described by AralMU^ 
M common in Egypt and Syria. 

» • ' • 




JWTPTIACUM, jBgyp^ti<m, Men(Wnon, Mel 
^f j fytia i imm, Piar^macum jEffjfptiaeum, A pre- 
fimticm cirinegMTt honey, and yerdigris, searcely 
Mtd now, ezeepfc by Teterinwy rargeona as a de> 
iBgc&t. 8ee Linimentiim JSnigima. 
JSGYPTION, JSgyptiacom. 

AURES, Phmrmacam ad aures. 

AGYP^IUS PESSUS: jEgyptian penary. 
A pcjvary, composed of honey, turpentine, butter, 
oil of lily or of rose, saffron, each one part ; with 
nnetimef a small quantity of Terdigris. 


JUPATHEIA, see Continent (Disease.) 

AEIPATHIA, see Continent (DiMase.) 

iUiOPTOICA PASSIO, HsBmoptysifl. 
. .£NEA, Catheter. 

£OLBCTHYMA, Variola. 

iSOLLION, Varicella. 

^OLLIUM, Varicella. 

iBON, cfwv. The entire age of a man from 
Maih till death. — Hippocrates, Galen. Also, the 
^al marrow. See Medulla Spinalis. 

iEOXESIS, FomenUtion. 

-«oyiON, Sedum. 

A(yKAf from aiMprw, 'I suspend.' Gestation, 
i«infring. — A?tius, Celsus, Ac 

iBQUALIS, Equal. ^ 

iBQUATOR OC'ULI. The line forfied by 
the union of the upper and under eyelid, when 
Aey are elowd. It is below the middle of the globe. 

-fiQUrVOCUS, EquiTocaL 

AER, Air. 


AERATUS, Carbonated. 

A^Ri, Carbonated. 

^REOLUM, jErtolu9f Chateau. The sixth 
part of an obolus by weight, consequentiy about 

JI'RESIS, aifCffK, 'the removal of any thing.' 
A foffix denoting a removal or separation, as 
AfkmriMitj DittriMXt, Ac 

AERGIA, Torpor. 

AERIFEROCS, Airi/er, (P.) Airi/kre, from 
•er. * air,' and fcrrtf * to carry.' An epithet for 
tobies which convey ur, as the larynx, trachea, 
iad bronchia. 

AERIPLnX'US. The discharge of gas, and 
^ firtid emanations from the sick. Flatulence. 
— Saovagefl. 

AERODIAPH'THORA, from aiyp, 'air,' and 
kai^6%pa, 'corruption.' A corrupt state of the air. 


AEROL'OGT ; ABrolog"ia, Aerolog^ice, from 
«9f. ' air,' and Xoyo$, ' a deiicription.' That part 
ef phjrics which treats of the air, its qualities, 
Uie^. and action on the animal economy. 

AER'OMANCY, Aeromanti'a, from oiyp, * 

and pcvTuOf 'divination." An art in judicial aa- 
ttiAofj, which consists in the foretelling, by 
Bean.* of the air, or substances found in the at- 

AEROMELI, Fraxinus omus. 

AEROP^EITONIE, see Tympanites. 

AEROPHOB'IA, from ano, 'air,' and ^o&oi, 
*f€»r.' Dread of the air. This symptom oflen 
a«c<pmpanies hydrophobia, and sometimes hyste- 
ria and other affections. 

AEROPHOB'ICUS, Airoph'obvt; same ety- 
&on. One affected with aerophobia. 
AEROPHOBUS, Aerophobicus. 
AEROPHTHORA, Aerodiaphthora. 
A^ROPLEURlBy Pneumothorax. 
AER0SI8, Pneumatosis, Tympanites. 
AI^ROTHORAX, Pneumothorax. 
JERUCA, Capri wnYmcetas. 

-fiRU'GINOUS, JBrugino^fiu, lo'det, from 
^rvgo, 'verdigris.' (F.) Eruginenx, Resem- 
bling verdigris in colour; as the bile when dis- 
charged at times from the stomach. 

iBRU'GO,(Of,from««, 'copper.' Themstofany 
metal, properly of brass. See Cupri Subacetas. 
^Ruao Ferri, Ferri subcarbonaa — as. Plumbi, 
Plumbi subcarbonaa. 
iBS, Cuprum. 

iBSCHOS, aivxoi. Deformity of the body ge- 
nerally, or of some part — Hippocrates. 

'food,* [?] Ccuta'nea equi'ncif Pavi'naf Horte^ 
ehe»tnutf Buck-eye, (F.) Marronxer cTInde. If<tL 
Ord, HippocastancsB. Sex. Syt. Heptandria Mo-' 
nogynia. The bark has been advised as a substi- 
tute for cinchona. Both bark and fruit are as- 
tringent Externally, it has been employed, like 
cinchona, in gangrene. 
ESTATES, Ephelides. 

^STHE'MA, aiffOn/iaf gen. aivBnftarotf 'a sen- 
sation, a perception.' See Sensation and Sensi- 
bility. In the plund, <g»the'mataf the apparatuses 
of the senses. 

^STUBMATOL'OGY, ^tthematolog"ia ; 
from aivBri^af and ^oy^if 'a description.' The 
doctrine of, or a treatise on, the senses, or on the 
apparatus of the senses. 

^STHEMATONU'SI, JEethetnatorganonu'tij 
from atcBijita, and vovtroi, 'diseases.' Diseases 
affecting sensation. 


^STHE'SIS, Ai9the'§u, from aiv^avoitat, 'I 
feeL' The faculty of being affected by a sensa- 
tion. Perception. Sensibility, as well as the 
senses themselves. See Sense. 
JESTHET'ICA, from aie^avo/iai, 'I feel.' Dis- 
eases affecting the sensations. Dulness, depra- 
vation or abolition of one or more of the external 
organs of sense. The 2d order, class NeurotieOf 
of Good. Also, agents that affect sensation.— 
iESTIVUS, Estival. 

^STUATIO, Ardor, Ebullition, Fermentation. 
JUSTUS, Ardor. 

^STUS Volat'icus. Sudden heat^ sco^hing 
or flushing of the face. — Vogel. 

iBTAS, Age — se. Bona, Adolescence — ss. De- 
crepita, Decrepitude — ae. Mala, Sonectus — aa. 
Provecta, Senectus — as. Senilis, Sonectus. 

^THER, Ether, from ai3iyp, 'air,' or from at^, 
' I burn.* Liqttor ttthe'rem, A volatile liquor ob- 
taincd by distillation from a mixture of alcohol 
and a concentrated acid. See iEthcr sulphuriouB, 
and Ether. 

JEtiier Chloricus, Chloroform ; Ether, chloric 

iRTHER HvnnocvAN'icus, AUther Prue'eicut, 

Jlydrocytxn'ic Ether, Hjfdrocy'anate of Eth'erine, 

Ctfan'urct of Eth'ule, (F.) Ether Hydrocyaniqne, 

has been advised in hooping-cough, and where 

the hydrocyanic acid is indicated. Dose, 6 drops. 

^THRR LioNosrs, Acctonc. 

^TRER Martialis, Tiuctura sen Alcohol sul- 

furico-a^thereus ferri. 

JEther Mitriat'icus, MuriatHe or Ohlorohy- 
dric Ether, Ifu'riate of Etherine, Chloride of 
Ethyle. This ether, on account of its volatility, 
can only be kept in cool places. It has the pro- 
perties of the other ethers, and when used, ia 
generally mixed with an equal bulk of alcohoL 
It has been employed as an anaesthetic. A Ohlo^ 
rinated Chlorohydrtc Ether, (F.) £ther CMor- 
hydrigue ehlori, formed by the action of Chlortae 
/ on Omorohtfdrie Ether ^ has been Introduoed kito 
IpnoUce MM M IoomI aiuefthetia 


iBTHEB NiTRicnB Alcoousatus, Spiritas nignim — ». Narootioas, Hydrargjri ralpbvretoBi 

•theiii nitrioi — sb. Pjro-aceticus, Acetone. nlgmm — m, perse, Hydrargyri oxydum oinerenm 

^THKR Sulphu'ricus, JS. VitrxoVicutf NapK- — eB. SaoeharstoB, Hydrargynim saoehaimUim— • 

ika Vitriolif SuVphurxc Ether, Ether prepared ee. Vegetabilis, see Fucas vesiculosiu. 

firom tulphuric ether and aleohoL ^THOL'IGES, from ot^u, *1 boni.' Fioy 

Rectified Ether, jEther rectifiea'tut, prepared pustalos on the skin. Some have eonridered 

by distilling 12 os. from a mixture of tul^huric them to have been boiU. 

ether, f^xiv^ /tued potati, Jss. and dxetilled ^THUSA AMMI, Sison ammL 

water, i%\}, is a limpid, colourless, very inflam- ^thd'sa Cyna'pidm, FooP*. Parelev^ (F.) Fmm 

mable, volatile liquor ; of a penetrating and fra- Pertil, Petite CiguH. Family, UmbellifersB. Stah 

grant odour, and hot pungent taste. Its s. g. is Sy9t, Pentandna Digynia. A poisonous plaa^ 

0.732. which has been mistaken for true parsley, pro- 

jEther Sulphurictu, Sulphuric Ether of the ducing nausea, vomiting, headache, giddiness. 

Pharmacopoeia of the United States (1842), sopor, and at times, fatal results. It resembleg 

^ther of that of 1851, is formed from alcohol, conium in its action. 

Oiv; eulphuric acid, Oj j potatm, Jvj ; distilled ^thu'sa Mbum, 3feiim, M, Athaman'tievm, 

WMter, f Jiy ; distilling and redistillmg according geu AnethifoHium, Athamnn'ta Mevm, Liau^tieum 

to the process there laid down. The specific gra- Capilln'ceum seu JAmito. See'eli 3feum, Meu, S^ig- 

vity of this ether is 0.750. n«?, Baldmoney. (F.) ^thute. If Sum. The roothaf 

It is a diffusible stimulant, narcotic and anti- i^een advised as carminative, stomachic, Ac 

spasmodic, and is externally refrigerwit. Dose, ^tIOL'OGY, jEtiolog"ia, Etiol'ogy, Aitu>. 

jtt XXX to fSiss. When ether is inhaJed, it is ^„ .^^ f^^ ^^"^ , ^^ ^^7^5; ,^ ^^ 

found to be a v^uable anaesthetic agent: and is ^^^,„^ , r^^^ doctrine of the causes of disease, 

employed with advantage m spasmodic affections, ^rvrtrvoa e i ^ \ * z* i ^ 

X' • 1 „*: «» a«« A^^^iu^n^ iETI'TES, from a«ro$, * an eagle. EagU-Home, 

and in surgical operations. See Anaesthetic. „- j'a- i u ^ , jt * u -j ^ ?^ rwZil 

fpu T» • • n i». i.»„ «., x>ti. -^*v....-, »« Pierre d Aiqle, Hydrate de tntojrtde de fer. This 

The Parisian Codex has an ^f««r actf'ftcu#, an , e i^ j^ r •!•» * i i* 

«,. . ,,. .^„ r J i/^-/.-- .- «,» jfljt— stone was formerly supposed to facilitate delivery, 

^ther munaticue seu nydrochlor tcue, an jXtther .- , , ^i. Zx.' v j * * u _*• 

ni'tricue seu nitro'eue, Ld an J^^th^r phoepho^ ?J 5«"°^ °° ^^^ "^'^^^ ^^ ^ prevent ^rtion, 

ra'tu.. They all possess similar virtues. See '^ ^^^^^ «^ *^« "^ It was also caUed L^p^ 

An»8theUc Collymut. 

iETHBR SuLPHURicus AciDus, Elixir acidum -*!TOI PHLEBES, Temporal veins. 

Hallori — SB. Sulphuricus cum alcohole, Spiritus -fflTOLION. Cnidiagrana. 

SBtheris sulphurici — ce. Sulphuricus cum alcohole AFFADISSEMENT, (F.) from fade, 'insipid.' 

aromaticus, Spiritus aetheris aromaticus. That condition of the digestive function in whidi 

iBTHBR Tbrebinthina'tus, Terebinth' iMUcd the appetite is diminished, the sense of taste 

ether, made by mixing gradually two pounds of blunted, and the action of the stomach enfeebled; 

alcohol, and half a pound of spirit of turpentine^ a state usually accompanied by general languor, 

with two pounds of concentrated nitric acid, and AFFAIBLISSEMENT, Asthenia, 

distilling one-half the mixture with a gentle heat. AFFAIRES, Menses. 

Employed externally and internally in biliary AFFAISSEMENT, Gollapsus. 

calculi, rheumatism, Ac. Dose 20 to 40 drops, AFFECTIO, Affection — a. Arthritica Cordis^ 

in honey or yolk of egg. Cardiagra — a. Hypochondriaca, Hypochondriaaia 

^THEREA HERBA, Eryngium maritimum. — a. Hysterica, Hysteria— a. Sarmatica, Plica— 

JSTHE'REAL, Ethe'real, Ethe'reous, jEthe'- a. Tympanitica, Tjrmpanites. 

rtw, (F.) MsrSe, An ethereal tincture, (F.) AFFECTION, Affec'tio, from ajfficio or a/ee- 

Teinture fthSrie, is one formed by the action of tare {ad and facere,) *to move or inflnenee.' 

anlphuric ether, at the ordinary temperature, on Any mode in which the mind or body is affected 

medicinal substances. An ethereal oil is a vola- or modified. 

tile oil. See Olea Volatilia. AFFECTION TTPHOIDE, see Typhna — 

JETHERIZATIO, Etheriiation. a. Vaporexue, Hypochondriasis. 

iETHERIZATUS. Etherized. AFFECTIONES ANIMI, Affections of tha 

JETHE'REO-OLEO'SA (Remedia), from mind. 

JBtheroUum, 'a volatile oU.' Remedies, whose AFFECTIONS OP THE MIND, Affeefhu 

properties are dependent upon the volatile oil Pa»a\o'nee seu Affectio'nee sen Conqwimatio'nee 

they contain. seu Con/ueio'net seu Turhaiio'nee seu Pertwrha- 

JBTHEROLBA, Olea volatilia. tio'nee an'imi, (F.) Affections de Fdme include noi 

JETHIOP'ICUS LAPIS, Ethiopian stone. A only the different passions, as love, hatred, jea- 

atone formerly supposed to be possessed of con- lousy, Ac, but every condition of the mind thtX 

siderable virtue. — Oribasius. is accompanied by an agreeable or disagreeable 

iBTHIOPIFICA'TIO, JEthiopopot'eie, JEthi- feeling, as pleasure, fear, sorrow, Ac 

OfMf'miM, JSthiopio'eie, from ^thim>9, B.nd facere. In Pathology, Affection, Pathoe, Pathe'wta, ia 

'to make.' The mummy-like colouring of the synonymous with disease : thus we speak of a 

skin, induced at times by the use of mercurial pulmonary affection, a calcuhne affectiany Ac 

ointment; and seen in bodies poisoned by arsenic. AFFECTIONS DE L'AME, Affections of 

iETHIOPIOSIS, iBthiopificatio. the mind. 

^TH lOP IS, Salvia sclarea. AFFECTIVE. That which affects, touches, Ac 

^THIOPISMUS, ^thiopiflcatio. Gall gives the term affective faculties (F.) Faenl> 

ASTHIOPOPOESIS, ^thiopificatio. tie affective*, to fiinctions dependent upon the 

^'THIOPS, from ai^w, 'I bum,' and w\//, organization of the brain, comprising the senti- 

' countenance.' A black or burnt countenance, ments, affections, Ac 

The ancients gave this name to certain oxides AFFECTUS, Passion — a. Fancium pestilens^ 

and solphorets of metals, which wert of a black Cyanche maligna — a. Hyderodes, Hydrops — a. 

colour. Spasmodico-convnlsivos labiomm, NenralgiA fia- 

JBthiops Albvs, Albino — ss. Alcalisatns, Hy- cieL 

drargyrum cam cretft — as. Animal, see Choroid. AF'FERENT, Afferene, Ctntrip'etal, Eeod'iCf 

^TRIOPS Martia'lis, Ferri Deutox'ydum ni~ from affero, {ad and /ero, 'to carry,') *1 bring.' 

frum. The blaek deutoxide of iron : onoe in re- Conveying inwards, as from the pemkheiy toSe 

jwie MB m tonic centre. The vessels which convey toe lyflajih to 

•^BrmopM MnrEMALU, HjdnrgjTi aolpharetaoi the lymphajdo ^taadi, ix« oalled igermL Alao^ 




Bcrrw tiiat eonrej impressioiis towards the nerv- 
Ms ccn tro n e t vi emiobmum^tet, 

AF'FION, Ofjinm, (^jnum. The Buitunese 
ikos derigiuute an eleetoary of which opium is the 
bsna, and which they nse as an excitant 

AFFLATUS, Adkaftua, Epipnot'a^ from ad, 
'to,' and ^are 'to hlow.' Any air that strikes 
the body and produces disease. 

AFFLUENCE, Af/luxy from ajffiu^e, {ad and 
Jiuercj *to flow/) *to flow to.' A flow or deter- 
■ination of hamoors, and particnlarly of blood, 
tofwards any part. 

AFFLUXUS, Floxion. 

AFFUSIO, Affnsion— a. Frigida, see Affusion 
•HL OrhienlariB, Placenta. 

AFFU'SION, Affn'no, Prot'chyM, Epich'ytia, 
froai ad, 'to/ nnd /undere, ftuum, 'to pour.' The 
seiioo of pouring a liquid on any body. Affu- 
fwv, Rkffptolwfai^y cold and warm, are used in 
^emt disease. The cold affunon, Affu'no 
ttnPerfu'*io/rig*'ida, is said to have been bene- 
l«l in cutting short tjrphns ferer and scarlatina, 
if ued daring the first days. It consists; in pla- 
mg the fwtient in a tub, uid pouring cold water 
•fer him ; then wiping him dry, and putting him 
to bed. The only precaution necessary, is, to 
we it in the state of greatest heat and exacerbo- 
tkn; not when chilliness, or topical inflamma- 
tUB, is present* 

AFIUM, Opium. 

AFTER-BIRTH, Secundines. 

AFTER-PAINS, see Pains, labour. 

AGAGEMENT, (F.) from Ma^nv, 'to sharpen/ 
The setting on edge. 

able sensation experienced when acids are placed 
in contact with the teeUi. Tooth edge. Setting 
the teeth on edge. 

ntstioD of the system, and particularly of the 
organs of sense and locomotion, corresponding 
SMrly to the English Fidgets, 


AGALACTIA. Agatax'iay Agalac'tio, Agalac- 
t^tio, Dtfeje^iitt lat^tity OUgoga'liaf Oligogalae'- 
fM, from c. privative, and yaXa, 'milk.' Absence 
of milk in the mamma>. 

AGALAXIA. Agalactia. 

AQAL'LOCHUM, from ayaWoftai, 'to become 
Ff^did,' Oalambaef Oalambouki Lig'nnm AgaV- 
.ii»f&» v^ri, Lig'num Al'oft, L, A»paVathx, Xyln- 
akit. Aloe* wood, A resinous and very aromatic 
vood of tilie East Indies, from Excaea'ria AgaV- 
loeioj Cynometra AgaVlockum, Aloifx'yhn AgaV- 
hr\%m. Used in making pastils, Ac. — Diosco- 
lides, Oribttsius, Panlus. 

AQAHOUS, see Cryptogamous. 

AG'ARIC, Agar'teum. A genus of plants* in 
tbe lannaean system, some of which are edible, 
others poisonous. It was so called from Agarin, 
a ref^n of Sarmatia. — Dioscorides. Among the 
edible varietiei" of the Boletus, the following are 
the chief. 1, The Agar'icua cdn'lh seu Arren'tU 
•00 S}tltai'iewn»Vi Campe9'tri9,{Y.) Agaric comet- 
tSfU et ehampignon de couche. 2. The Agnr'icuti 
tiora'tHS, (F.) Moutteron. The most common 
poi^nous varieties are the Agar'icuB'ttrry 
(F.) Agartr. meurtrier: and 2. The Agarieug 
ofnt, (F.) Agaric Acre ; besides the Auranite^ a 
sib-genns, which includes several species. One 
of the most delicate is the Agaricnn Aurantiaeutf 
but care must be taken not to confound it with 
the A P»vudo-aurantiactM, which is very poi- 
sonoos. The A. aurantiacus is called, in French, 
Ortfnge. See Poisons, Table of. 

Agabic, see Boletus igniarius — a. Blancy Bo- 
letus laricis — a. de Chine, Boletus igniarius — a. 
Imale^ Boletna igniarios — a. of the Oak, Boie- 

tus igniarius — a, Oeibranf, Daodaleasaayeoleni'— 
a. White, Boletus lands. 

AGARICUM, Boletus igniarius. 

AGARICUS, Boletus igniarius— a. Albus, Bo- 
letus laricis — a. Arvensis, see Agaric — a. Auran- 
tiacus, Amanitas, Bolites — a. AurioulsBforma, 
Pezisa auricula — a. Campestris, see Agaric — a. 
Chirurgorum, Boletus igniarius — a. Igniarius, 
Boletus igniarius — a. Laricis, Boletus laricis — 
a. Pseudo-aurantiacus, Amanitas — a. Queroflsji 
Boletus igniarius — a. Sylvaticus, see Agaric. 


AGATHIS DAMARRA, Pinus damarra. 



AGA'VB AMERICA'NA, A. Eanu/M, Ameri. 
can Agave, American aloe, Maguey, from ayavof, 
'admirable.' Nat. Ord, Bromeliaoee. Sex, Stftt, 
Hexandria Monogynia. This plant has been 
considered diuretic and antisyphilitic. The fa* 
vourite drink of the Mexicans — Pulque — is the 
fermented juice of this plant. 

Agave Ramoba, A. Americana. 

Agavk Viroin'ica, Rattle»nake*9 matter i — 
grows in the Southern States. The root is very 
bitter. It has been used in tincture as a carmina- 
tive in colic ; and as a remedy for bites of ser- 

AGE, '17X1x10, Heli'kia, ^tat; — Of uncertain 
etymon. Period of life. Time that has elapsed 
since birth, Ac. Five ages, are often designated 
in the life of man. 1. First infancy (Infan'tia;) 
2. Second infancy {Pueri"tia ;) 8. Adolescence 
{Adoleacen'tia:) 4. The adult age {VirU'Uaa:) 
5. Old age (Senec'twt.) 

AGENEIOS, Imberbis. 

AGEN'ESIS, from a, privative, and ycvcmf, 
'generation.* Imperfect development of any part 
of the body; as cerebral agenesis, i. e. imperfeot 
development of the brain in the fa'tus. 

AGKNNESIA, Impotence, Sterilitas. 

AGENNESIS, Impotence. 

AGENOSO'MUS ; from a, privative, yswam, 
'I generate/ and vufia, 'body.' A malformation 
in which the fissure and eventration are chiefly 
in the lower part of the abdomen ; the urinwy 
or sexual apparatus absent or very rudimentary. 

AGENT, Agens, {mm agere, 'to act.' Any 
power which produces, or tends to produce an 
effect on the human body. Morbific agents, (F.) 
Agens morbifiques^ are the causes of disease; — 
therapeutical agents, (F.) Agens thSrapeiiHquss, 
the means of treating it.. 


AGERA'SIA, Inscnescen'tia, from a, privative, 
and y»7pay, 'old age.* A vigorous and green old 

AGERATUM, Achillea ageratura. 

AGE'RATUS LAPIS. A st^me used by cob- 
blers to polish shoes. It was formerly esteemed 
discutient and astringent — Galen, Oribasius, 

AGES. Palm. 

AGEUSIA. Ageustia. 

AGEUS'TIA, Aghens'tin, Ageu'sia, Apogevs'^ 
tia, Apogeu'sis, J)ys(Bstke'i>ia gnstatu'riaj Para- 
geu'sis, from a, priv., and ycvtrrij, •t«ste.* Dimi- 
nution or loss of taste, Ancssthe'sia lingua. Sau- 
vages. CuUen. 

AGGLOM'ERATE, Agglomera'tus, from ag~ 
ghm^rare {ad and glomerare, 'to wind up yarn 
in a ball/) 'to collect together/ Applied to tu- 
mours or glands in aggregation. 

AGGLU'TINANT, Agglu'tinans, ColUfieuM, 
Glu'tinans, from gluten, 'glue' (F.) Af/glutinant, 
i Afffflutinatif, Glutinatif, Remedies HQie lot* 




marly f o oalled, wbich were considered eapable 
of uniting divided parts. — Panlos. 

Plasters are called agglutinanttf (F.) aggluti- 
maii/*, which adhere strongly to the sUn. Cer- 
tain bandages are likewise so termed. (F.) B<m- 
deUttes agglutincUivt*, 

TO AOGLU'TINATB. The French use the 
word <tgglutiner, in the sense of 'to reunite;' as 
agglutiner U* livrf d^une plate, 'to reunite the 
lips of a wound.' 

AGOLUTINATIF, Agglutinant 


AGGLUTINA'TION, CoUe'$U, EpieoUe'»i$, 
Pro9ColU'9%», Olutina'tiOf from agglutinare, *to 
glue together.' The first degree of adhesion. 
Also, the action of agglutinants. 

AQOLUTINER, To agglutinate. 

AG'GREGATB, Aggrega'ttu, from aggregare, 
{ad and gregare,) 'to flock together/ 'to assemble 
together.' Glands are called aggregate which 
are in clusters. See Peyeri GlandulsD. Aggre- 
gate pille, (F.) PiluUe agrigativee, signified, 
formerly, those which were believed to contain 
the properties of a considerable number of medi- 
cines, and to be able to supply their place. 

AGHEUSTIA, Ageustia. 


HA'LID. An EgypUan and Ethiopian shrub, 
similar to Ximenia. The Ethiopians use it as a 
Termifuge. The fruit is purgative. 

AGIHALID, AgiahaUd. 

AOTSSANT, Active. 

AGITATION, Agita'tio, Done'eie; from agere, 
'to act' Constant and fatiguing motion of the 
body, Tprbi, Tyrba'eiafln'quiety — or distressing 
mental inquietude, — An'imi Agita'tio^ 

AGITATORIUS, Convul'sive. 

AGLOS'SIA, firom a, privative, and yX^coat 
'the tongue.' A malformation, which consists in 
the want of a tongue. 

AGLOSSOS'TOMA from Agloena, and oroita, 
'mouth.' A mouth without a tongue. 

gra'phia, firom a, priv., /Awvira, 'the tongue,' 
wroftaf 'the mouth,' and ypa^ttf 'I describe/ 
Description of a mouth without a tongue. — Ro- 
land (of Saumur). 

AGLUTI'TION, AgluH'tio, from a, priv., and 
alutirff * to swallow.' A hybrid term, designat- 
ing impossibility of swallowing. — Linnaeus. 

AGMA, Fracture. 

AGMATOLOG'TA, from ayfia, fracture, and 
Xvyost ' a description.' The doctrine of fractures. 
A treatise on fractures. 

AGME, Fracture. 

of the fingers. — a. Membrana, Amnios. 

AGMINATED GLANDS, Peyer's glands. 

AGNA'THIA, from a, priv., and yvaOoSf 'jaw.* 
A malformation, which consists in the want of 
the jaw, especially of the lower. 


AGNOI'A, Agnae'a from a, priv., and yiyoairw, 
'I know.' State of a patient who does not recog- 
nise individuals. — Hippocrates, Galen, Foesius. 


AGO'GE, ayuyti. The order or condition of a 
disease.— Hippoc, Galen. Likewise the state of 
the air. — Hippoc, Galen, Gomeus, Foesius. 

AGOGUE, ayutyoff a leader,' from oy«, 'I lead 
or ezpeL' Hence Cholagogue, an expeller of 
Ule: Hjfdragogue^ Ac. 

AGOMPHI'ASIS, Agomplio'eitf from a, priva- 
tive, and yofii^eUf 'I nail.' Looseness of the 
teeth. — Gorrspus. See Gomphiasis. 

AGOMPHOSIS, Agomphiasis. 

AGON, Agony. 

AGONE, Hyoscyamna. 

AGONIA, SterilitM. 



AGONIS'TICA, from aymv, 'a oomUt' Tfao 
part of ancient gymnastics, which had NCsronct 
to the combats of the Athletse. 

Also, very cold water, given internally, to calm 
febrile heat. — Paulus of ^gina. 

AG0NIZAN8, Psychorages. 

AGONOS, Sterile. 

AG'ONY, A^on'ta, Ag<my AgonWwta, Agmtie^- 
mu9f MoehthtUf Mogtu, P9yehoTag"ia, Pwyeko^^ 
rhag"ia, Angor, from ayutv, 'a combat' The 
last struggle of life. — Gaien, Gomeus, Ac The 
agony, which is of longer or shorter duration, is 
characterized by great change in the features, 
gradual abolition of sensation and motion, loss 
of voice, dryness or lividity of the tongue and 
lips, rattling in the throat, small and intermit- 
tent pulse, and coldness of the extremities. 
This state is not present in those who die sud- 
denly. See Facies Hippocratioa. 

AGOS'TUS, from a/ttf, ' I lead.' The fore arm 
from the elbow to the fingers. Also, the palm 
of the hand. — Gorrseus. &e Palm. 

AGRA, oyfKK, from ayptttf ' I seise hold o£' A 
seizure, as Odontagra, a tooth seisnre, toothache; 
Ohiragra^ Podagra^ Ac 

AORAFE DE VALENTIN. A kind of for- 
ceps with parallel branches, employed by Valen- 
tin in the operation for hare lip, to effect the ap- 
proximation of the edges of the wound. 



AGRIA, Herpes exedens. 

AGRIAMPELOS, Bryonia alba. 

AGRICOCCIMELEA, Pninus Spinosa. 

AGRIFOLIUM, Ilex aquifoUum. 

AGRIMONIA, Agrimony — a. Eupatoria, 
Agrimony — a. Odorata, Agrimony—*. OfSoin*- 
lis. Agrimony. 

AG'RIMONT, Agrimo'nia, A. Eupato'ria sen 
odora'ta sen officina'li»f Ca/'al, Laj/pula kepatf^ 
tea, CockU-hur, tStiekvort, (F.) Aigremoine, Nat, 
Ord, RosacesB. Sex. Sy»t. loosandria Digynia. 
A mild astringent and stomachic Doee, in 
powder, from m to 3j. 

Agrimony, Hemp, Kupatorium cannabinnm. 

AGRIOCASTANUM, Bunium bulbocastanum, 
Lycoperdon tuber. 

AGRIOCINARA, Sempervivum tectomm. 

AGRIORIGANUM, Origanum mt^orana. 

AGRIOSELINUM, Smymum olusatrum. 

AGRIOTHYM'IA, from ayptot, 'feroeions,'and 
5v|io(, 'disposition.' Ferocious insanity. — San- 

AGRIPALMA GALLIS, Leonurus oardiaca. 

AGRIP'PA, jEgrip'pa, from ager partve, 'dif- 
ficult birth :' or perhaps from ayjMf ' taking, or 
seizure/ and novSf ' the foot.' This term has 
been given to those born by the feet. It is pre- 
tended that the family of Agrippa obtained their 
name from this circumstance. Parturition, where 
the feet present, is called Agrippm partue, Agrip- 
pi'niu partUB. 


AGRO DI CEDRO, see Citrus medioa. 


AGROSTIS, Bryonia alba. 

AGRUNA. Prunus spinosa. 

AGRYPNIA, Insomnia. 


AGRYPNO'DES, from ay^mtot, 'sleepless.' 
Characterized by sleeplessness, as Fehrie Agrjf" 
pnodet, a fever accompanied with deeply 




AaRTPNOnCtlS, AiithTpiiotte. 

AGRYP^US, «xf««Mr. Sleepiest; TigilanL 

AG(7A DB VERUOA, see YenigM. 

AGUARDIENTE, Bnady. See also Spirit 
^-a. dm Italia^ lee Spirit 

A'aCE, from Gothio, ag%», 'trembling.' (?) In- 
twmittent ferer. 

AeuB AHS FiYSB, Intermitient ferer. 

AouB Cakb, Plac^'ta fehri'lu, Pkjf9o</uia 
tpie'nieum^ P.nlemed, SplenU Tumor; (F.) Gd- 
team ffbrUe, A Tiioenl obBtruction — ^generally 
ia the apleea — ^which follows agues, and is dis- 
tinctly felt by external examination. To a 
greater or less degree, it is not nneommon. 

AguMj Dmad, see Feyer, masked. Agne drop, 
tasteless, Liqaor anenioalLi — lu Dumb, see Ferer, 
masked--^ Free, Lauras sassafras — a. Leaping, 
see Leaping agne— «. Quartan, Qnartan — a. Ter- 
Tertian M^er — a. Weed, Eupatorium perfo- 

AOUL, Agktmij Alka^gi, the Hedita'rum sen 
Btdf9a*rwm alkoffu A thorny shmb of Persia 
and ICesopotamia^ which affords manna. The 
Isaree are porgatire. 

AQY'ION, from a, priy., and yvcov, 'limb.' 
Mutilated or wanting limbs.— Hippocr. Weak, 
feeble. — Galen. 

AGYB'IAS, from oyvpif, 'a ooUection.' Opa- 
dty of the crystalline. — Aetius, Par6. 

AOT&TA, from ayvfiff ' a crowd.' Formerly, 
a stroller who pretended to supernatural powers, 
fiabsequently, a qoaek or illiterate pretender. 
See CharlatiiB. 

AGYRTIA, Charlatanxy. 

AHO'RA, from e, priyatiye, and 'm, 'youth.' 
Tardy derelopment of the organs : — tne opposite 
to Hgperkt/ra. 

AHOUAI, Theyetib ahonaL^ 
AHUSAL, Orpiment 
AHYPNIA, Insomnia. 

AIDE, (F.) Ad'jfUor mtVufer. An assistant 
to a surgeon in his operations. 
AIDOROMANIA, Nymphomania. 
AIERSA, Iris Germanioa. 
A/(7f , .figias. 

the city of this name, in Normandy, is the cha- 
lybeate spring of Saint Xantin, much used in 
the 16th and 17th centuries. 

AiGLE, iBgias. 

AIGRBy Acidulous— <i. Voix, See Add. 

AIGRELET, Acidulous. 

AIGRETTE, see Typha latifolia. 

AIOREMOINE, Agrimony. 

AIGRSURS, Acidities. 

AWa, Acute. 

AIGUILLE, Needle— a. ct Acupuncture, see 
Needle— a. d Appareil, see Needle — a. d Beo de 
Li^re, see Needle— <k. d Oataraete, see Needle — 
a. d« Detekampu, see Needle — a, Bngaxnie, see 
Needle— a. d FittuU, see Needle— a. d. Gaine, 
see Needle — a. d Ligature, see Needle — a, d 
Mamcke, see Needle— a. d SStom, see Needle— a. 
d Suture, see Needle. 

AIGUILLON, (F.) Spina Helnum'Hi. A 
tenn used since the time of Van Helmont to de- 
signate the proximate cause of inflammation. 
According to him, an inflamed part is in the 
same condition as if an aiguiUon or thorn were 
thrust into it 

AIGUISBR, to Acidulate. 

AIL, Allium. 

AILE, Ala, Aileron. 

AILERON, (F.) Exirefma Ala sen Pin'nula, 
diainotiye of (F.) AiU, a wing. The extrenuty 
of the wing of a bird, to which the great feathers 


folds at the base of the broad ligaments of the 
uterus, which are occupied by the oyary and its 
ligament^ the Fallopian tube, aad the round liga- 

AIMA, 'ai^a, see Hssma. 

AIMANT, Magnet 

AIMATERA, Hepatirrhoea. 

AIMORRH(EA, HsemorrhagU. 

AIMORRHOIS, Hssmorrhois. 

AINE, Inguen. 

AIPATHIA, Continent disease. 

AIPI, Jatropha manihot 

AIPIMA COXBRA, Jatropha manihot 

AIPIPOGA, Jatropha manihot 

AIR, Air, Pneuma, from aw, 'I breathe.' 
Oommon Air, Atmotpk^^ air (F.) Air aimo^hi' 
nque, is an invisible, transparent^ inodorous, in- 
sipid, ponderable, compressible, and elsstio fluid, 
which, under the form of the atmosphere, sur- 
rounds the earth to the height of 15 or 16 

Air is essentially composed of two gases, oxy- 
gen and nitrogen, in the proportion of 20 of the 
former to 80 of the latter. jQzygen is the yital 
portion, but the nitrogen is necessary to dilute it 
Air also contains a small portion of carbonic add 
gas, and has always floating in it aqueous va- 
pour, different terrestrial emanations, Ac. Its 
effects upon the human body vary according to 
its greater or less dendty, temperature, moisture, 
Ac I hence, change of air is found extremely 
serviceable in the prevention and cure of certain 
morbid conditions. See Climate and Respira- 

add — o. Alealin, Ammonia — a. Atmo9phiriqu4f 

AiB BlADDXB, Sufim^bladder, Swimming hlad- 
der; (F.) Veeeie natatoire. An abdominal organ 
in many flshes, sometimes communicating by 
means of a duct with the alimentary canal, at 
others, not^ which is conridered by some to be- 
long to the respiratory system. Its contents are 
the dements of atoiospherio air, but in different 
proportions ; and its chief and general function 
appears to be to regulate the spedflo gravity of 
the fish. 

AiB Cblls or TBB Linros, Bronchial cells; see 
Cellule— a. Chamber, Folliculusaeris — a. Dephlo- 
gistieated, Oxygen— a. Empyreal, Oxygen— o. du 
Feu, Oxygen — a. Factitious, Carbonic add — a. 
Fixed, Carbonic add — a. G€U6, Asote — a. Inflam- 
mable, Hydrogen, Hydrogen carburetted. 

AiB Passages, (F.) Voiet airienme, F. o^rt- 
f^ee. The larynx, trachea, bronchia, Ac. 

AiB, PtJBB, Oxygen— a. Solid, of Hales, Car- 
bonic acid— a. ViciS, Asote— a. Vital, Oxygen. 

AIRAIN, Bell-metal, Brass. 

AIRE, Areola. 

tillas— a. Ponetufe, Vacdnium vitis idsea. 


Airthrey is situate about two miles north of 
Stirling, Scotland. The waters are saline ca- 
thartics ; containing chloride of sodium, chloride 
of ciddum, sulphate of lino, and chloride of mag- 


AISTHESIS, iBsthesis. 

AITHOMO'liA, from <u^t» 'black.' A blaok 
condition of all the humours of the eyet A» 

AITIA, Cause. 

AITIOLOGY, iBtiologia. 

AITION, Canse. 


^ rr -t- * .fiH * PBT.T.W, MDIBBAL TATSB6 I 
OP. Cdl*d bjUi^Sarniuu, Aaohcn. A Uier- 
Bil, nlpbuvou, minenl waUr, whleh eouUiiu, 

ia IftOO KTumna*, 3S.54 oubic uichsi of >ii]pbci- 1 
hrdrio uid gu, IB.Oi cublo inchea of ou-bonia 

. of ou-bouaU of loda, 2.3eSr gmntnai 
of flhloride of wdtam, 0.2«3T of iDlphUB of «oda, 
•nd O.OTOS of lilioa. Th* tsmpantore ia 134° 

Tbc/octilioH woKr a/ Aix-la-CkaptUt, A'qua 
Aquiigramn'MU, (F.) SamfAix-la-Cliapcitt, is 
miide bj adding pure moioi- f^ivijsi, to iydro- 
•■JpinrBKid KolcT !iij., ear&mate of loda gr. 
U, Moridt af •odium gt. ii.— Pb. p. 

Ibsre *n tbermal ■ulphureoiu sprmga >t All 
In Skvoj (R8°), ud wme thernul ipiingp U Aix 

AIZOON, ^ -. 

A'JUGA, A. pgramida-li; Cotuol'ida mt'dta, 

B*'gnla,B.mramida'lU, Tru'mnm pKramida'U, 
Uprislil BugloH, Middle VoMOUHd. (F.) BugU 
pframidalt. Tbii pllLOt ii aabaitriogent ud 


gntt bM. The Babbli wd H „ 
umordinarj lirtaea to it. — Anliiaiu. 


ALBAMBNIDH, Albnmni otL 

A Freacb adduloiu abaijbtmta, in th* depMiUtent 
of the Loire. 

ALBASAH ALBA, Lopn alphdiM-*. Kip% 
L«pn nigricuiB. 

ALBAK£8, Lapn BlphoidM. 

ALBAKOS, Lapn alphoidea. 



ALBIN D'<EVF, Albmnen ovL 

ALBINISM, iH Albino. 


ALBI'NO 'White.' LttKm'tlnov*, jSlUopt 
oiAut, Damdo, from allmi, ' Kbit*.' (F.) Blo/ard, 


Ajoai CHAH.SP1TTI, TencriBJu ohuiiBpltyt 

Ajdoa RKFTARg, Bu'gulo, B. rtplaiu, Oimmim 
Suglt, (¥.) Bugle Tampmitt, baa aimilar prop«r- 

AKATALIB, Janipenu 

AKATERA, Juuiperoa 

AKINESIA, Aoineaia. 

AKOLOGY, Materia Hedioai. 

AKRATOPEOiB, AoratepagB. 

ALA, Pinna, Fletyx, 'a wing.' (P.) AiU. 
A term often luod b; analomiets for part* which 
project like a wing from the median line ; ai the 
Ala Hoti, AJiB a/ lie iiterui, Ad. See Axilla and 
Parilioa of the Ear. Aleo, Pterjginin. 

Ala Exirbha, aee Ailtron. 

ALABASTER, ACabtu'lnim. (F.) AOSIrt, 
.Aloifulri'ru. A Tarietr of oompaet gypanm ; 
of wbioh an ointment vaa oceo made ;.--the va. 
guen'ttiin alabattri'num ; used aa a diacotJenL 
Alabaater Ukewiae entered into seTeral denti. 


Kympb* — a. Miyorea, Labia pndendi— a. Mino. 
rea, Nymphte — a. Muliebres minorea. Nymphai— 
m. Nui, aee Naius— a. Padendi Muliobria, Labia 

Sidendi— a. Pulmonum, aee Pnlmo— a. of tha 
tcroa, KB Ala— a. Venpertilionla, aee Ulenia. 
ALAITER,tToa,(Y.)(ait,'ai3lL.' To aoakle, 
ALALIA, Mulitaa. 
ALAMBIC, Alembio. 
ALANFIT'TA. A name nven b; the Arabiui» 

wbioh they were ia the babit of opening ia eaaet 

ALAQHE'CA. The Uindooatanee name of a 

ia eonaidered e&cadoua in arrealjng heinorrhagt 
when applied eiUrnally. It is a aulpbaret at 

ALARES HUSCDLI, Pterygoid mneelea. 

ALa'RK* Teka The anperfioial veins at Che 
fold of tba am. 

ALA'RIA 0S8A. The wing-like prooaiM* of 
the aphenoid bono. 

ALA'RIS, Ala'tMi, Al^form-iw,- from oJo, 'a 
wing-' Wing-abapad; winfted. 

ALATERNUS, COMMON, Rhamnna ala- 
teniiu — a. IdtifoUnl, Rbamnns alatemna. 

ALA'THB. Pltryga'dri, fluno ala'Ka. On« 
Wboae acapnlie project baekvarda like wingi. 

ALBAD'ABAN, Aidabaram. The aeaamoid 
bone of th* ia*katarao-phalaagal joinl at th* 


word applied to Indlri- 

■hit*; the iria r*ry pale, bordering oi 
and the eyes ao lenaible, tbM Ifcey etana 
thaligbt of day. Thia oondilion.whicb bM 
■' i Ltuealhio'pia, Alphi/m jEaioj/iai, 

to it. It d< 
are tribea of Albinoa in the interior of 

ALBINOISMDS, aee Albino. 
ALSOK OVI, Albumen ori. 
AL'BORA. A kind of iloh or oomplieaM 

ALBOT, Crui 

ALBUmN'EA, n.'Hua aOmpin'ra, A. TaHt, 
Ptrilet'li; Dvn aalerUMit, Jf«ii6ra'«i copnfa'- 
rt'( UilU. (F.) AlbKainit, TvriqMt allngiittt. A 
Blrong, Bbrona, and reaiating membrane, which 
immediately enrelopea the leaticle, and haa, at 
ita upper par^ an enlargemeDt, called eorpu 
Highmorianum. From ita inner BnrfM* it aeodl 
off a number of flat, filiform prolongationa or 
septa, between which acB oontained tba aaini- 
niieroDa reaaela. Bitemally it ia oovered by lb* 
tunica vagina] ia leatia. 

ALBVOIH&E, Albuginea, Albuglneone. 

ALBTJQIN'EOUS, Jliuain'cm, 'white,' fi™a 
nttm, (F.) Alhugiiiir. A term applied to l*i- 
tUTFa, hnmcura, Ac, which are paifectly whit*. 

Albdsui'eous FiaRE, (F.) Fibn atbagin/e, A 
name gTTcn by Chauasior to what he oouaidert 
one of tba four elementary flbrea. 

Tbe albugineoua fibre ia linear, cjlindrieal, 

BhininB, antiny appearonce. It forma faaciB or 
ftacicnli, wbioh constitute tie tendons, articular 
ligamenla, and aponeuroMa; hence the nam* 
AUu^>'nFDii> mmimnu, given by Chaaaaier t» 
the Bbroi 


t tbe r 

which he pvB 

of four 1 , , 

the namea mrmbra'na albvgin'i 

membra'na albM/in'ta luperficit 

ALBUSINI'TIS, (F.) Albvgtmu. A una 
employed by aome antbora for inflammation of 
the albngineona tlaaue. Thna, gout uid ibtia- 
matiam are regarded aa apeciea oT tbe genu 

ALBDOO OCULORUM, Lencoms— k. Or^ 

Albdk Qajicnii, C^iwc'opnu, Spo'dinm Grm- 
co'rH, AOvm (%MU, Streti* Cbnraiim Albtm. 
The while dung of the doc. It oonalaU almoat 




VteOj wJakBuphuH o/Kmm, from the bonei used 
u food. 1% WBB fbimeriy applied as a ditontieiit 
l» the mndt of the throat in qoiniieiy bat ia 
mom jvttlj baniahed fron praotioe. 
ALMvm NioBiTM. The ezoremeiit of the movfe. 
Albuh Oct^u^ aee Sderotie. 
Ai.Bcrx Rhaiis. A white ointment made of 
and lardy preseribed by the Arabian phy- 

ALBU'MEN, Lemeo^wut, (hmi'mi, (hemun, from 
dhm, 'white.' (F.) AOumime. An immediate 
prindpie of Miifn^a and Tegetablee, whioh eon- 
ititaUe the diief part of the white of egg. It is 
loBBd in the senun» ehyle, ijnoviai sennu fltudB, 
Ae. There ie not maeh difference in chemieal 
eoapodtion between animal and vegetable albn- 
nen, flbrin andeaaein: fibrin alone appeariyhow- 
«Ter, to be potseeaed of plastie properties. Also, 
the white of the eye. See Selerotio. 

AiMv'KKM On, AUmfwuor, Alhu'go (hi, Albor 
On, Cam^didmm Ovi, AUrn'mem, (Hart'ta, Ovi 
•fltl* /w«of y Alhwmen'twmf Lac avtt or white of 
t/h (F.) Blame tPceur, (Old F.) Albin tTce^f, is 
wed in pharmacy for suspending oils, Ao., in 
water. See OTom. 
ALBUMINS, Albumen. 
ALBUM INU'RIA. A hybrid term from 'AUm- 
mn,' and mi^t * the urine.' A condition of the 
srine in which it eontains albumen, the presence 
^ which is indicated by its coagulation on the 
^plication of adequate heat 

ALBUMINURORRHiE, Kidney, Brighfs 
&esM of the. 
ALBUMOR, Albumen otL 
AL'CAEST, Al'eahett, Affekatat, perhaps from 
(6.) all, 'aU/ and geist, 'spirit' A word in- 
nated by ParaMlsns to designate a liquor, which, 
aenndtng to him, was ei^Mdble of removing every 
bad of swelling. 

Tht nme word was used by Van Helmont for 
a Cueied universal solvent, capable of reducing 
trwy body to its elements. 

Alcakst or Olaubkb is a thick liquor ob> 
tsinsd by detonating nitrate of potassa on hot 
eetlSf which transforms it into subcarbonate of 

Alcaest or RvsrovB is a mixture of potassa 
snd 01 jd of line 
ALCAHEST, Alcaest 

ALCAL£S'CENC£, AlkaU^cenet, Alealeicen'- 
fM. The condition in which a fluid becomes 

Alcalbscekcv or the Huicoubs was an old 
Bction of the humourists. It can only occur 
daring the putrid fermentation of animal mat- 
ters, vhieh contain azoto, and produce ammonia. 
AiriLni'iTT is the quidity of being alcaline. 

AL'CALI or Alca'li, AVkaliy from al (Arab.,) 
'the.' and kalif the name of the SaUo'la Soda, 
a plant which contains a large qaantity of one 
of the principal alkalis — •oda. The alkalis are 
luMaoeM soluble in water, possessing generally 
a nriixnis, acrid, and caustic taste, turning the 
■jrup of violets green, and restoring to blue in- 
fstion of litmus, which has been reddened by 
acids; reddening the yellow of turmeric, and 
baring the greatest tendency to unite with acids, 
viiote character they modify, and form salts with 
tkem. In medicine we understand by this term 
Pofotco, Soda, or Ammoniti. 

Alcau, Caustic, Al'kali 0au9't\eum, A pure 
tlkalL One deprived of its carbonic acid. 

Alcaus, Fuebd, Soda and potassa; Volatilb 
Alcau, Ammonia. 

Alcau Ammohiacux Acbtatcx, Liquor am- 
BomsB acetatis a. Ammoniaeum fluidum, Liquor 
Fiznm taartarisatam, Potasss tar- 

tras^-a. Minerale sulphurioum, Soda, sulphate 
of— a. Tartari aceto saturatum, Potassss acetas — 
a. Yegetabile salito dephlogistaeatum, Potassts 
murias hyperozygenatns — a. Yegetabile tartarl- 
satnm, Potassss tartras — a. Yegetabile vitriola- 
tum, PotasssB sulphas — a. Yolatile acetatum. Li- 
quor ammonisB aoetatis — a. Yolatile aeratum, 
AmmonisB carbonas — a. Yolatile ex sale ammo- 
niaeo, Ammoniss carbonas. 


ALCALINITY. See Alkalescence. 

ALCANA, Anchusa oflicinalis. 

TA, Prinos — a. Orientalis, Lawsonia inermis — a. 
Spuria, Anchusa tinctoria — a. Yera, LawsoniA 

ALCEA, Hibiscus abelmoschus— a. ^gyptiaca. 
Hibiscus abelmosehus— a. Indioa, Hibiscus abel- 

Alcr'a Ro'sba, CbfttMon hollyhoeh. Emollient^ 
like AlthsDa. 


ALCHACUIL, Rosmarinus. 

ALCHAEST, Alcahest 

ALCHEMIL'LA, said to have been celebrated 
with the Alchemists [? ] A. vulffa'ris. Common 
Ladiei^ Mantle, Pet Leo' nit, Leontopo'diumf (F.) 
Pied de Lion. Formerly in great repute as an 
astringent in hemorrhage. 

ALCHEMY, Alchymy. 

ALCHITRAM, see Pinus Sylvestris. 

ALCHITURA, see Pinus Sylvestris. 

ALCHOOL, Alcohol. 


AL'CHYMT, Al'ckemjf, Alchemi'a, Alckimea, 
Adep'ta Philotopk'ia, from al, an Arabic par- 
ticle, signifying 'superiority, excellence,' and 
Ohimia, * Ch3rmistry.' This word was formerlr 
synonymous with Chymistry ; but, from the 7th 
century, it has been applied to the mysterious 
art of endeavouring to discover a universal re- 
medy, and a mode of transmuting the baser me- 
tals into gold : an operation to which they gave 
the name Oput magnwm, and Philotopher't ttone, 

Alchymy has also been called Scien'fia vel 
Philotoph'ia Herme^ieOf from an idea that Her- 
mes or Mercury was its inventor. 

Harris has well defined this chimerical art: 
' Art tine arte, eujut principium ett mentiri, me- 
dium lahorare, etjinit mendicare,' 

Al'chymist, Platua'riut, Adeptf, One pre- 
tending to alchymy. 

ALCOCALUM, Cynara scolymus. 

AL'COHOL, AVcahol, Alchool, Alkol, Aleol, 
Al'cool, Al'kool. An Arabic word, formerly used 
for an impalpable powder, and signifying ' very 
subtile, much divided.' At the present day it is 
applied to highly rectified spirit ef wine : — see 
Spiritut rectijieatut or rectified spirit, distilled 
from dried subcarbonate of potassa. In the Ph. 
U. S. Alcohol is rectified spirit of the specifio 
gravity 0.835. 

Alcohol is an inflammable liquor, lighter than 
water, of a warm, acrid taste, colourless, trans- 
parent, and of a pungent, aromatic smell. It is 
the product of the distillation of vinous liquors ; 
is miscible with water in all proportions, and is 
the direct solvent of resins, balsams, Ac. Yorions 
other vegetable principles are soluble in it, and 
hence it is used, in different states of concentra- 
tion, in the preparation of elixirt, tincturet, et- 
tencett Ac. 

Alcohol acts on the animal body as a powerful 
stimulus : as such, in a dilute form, it is used in 
the prevention and cure of disease. Its habitual 
and inordinate use is the cause of many serious 
affections, of a chronic character espeolaUy, u 
viseeni obatmctions, dropsy, Ao. 




AiiOOBOL JItebbsus Fbbratub, a. 8nlfiirioo> 
•thereof ferri — a. com Aloe perfoliat&y Tinctora 
Bloee — a. Ammonias et gaaiaoi, Tinctnra goaiaci 
ammoniata — a. Ammoniatom, Spiritxu ammonisB 
— «. Ammoniatum wromaUonm, Spiritos ammo- 
fk\m aromaticue — a. Ammoniaiom foetidum, Spi- 
litoB ammonuB foetidus — a. Amylicum, Oil, Fiuel 
^^ earn Aromatibus Bulpharioatas, Salphoiioum 
seidum aromadcum — a. com AromaUbos oompo- 
•itus, Tinctnra cinnamomi composita — a. Caato- 
riatom, Tinctura castorei — a. cum Crotone caflca- 
rilia, Tinotura oasoarillsfr— a. Bilutom, Spiritos 
tenuior — a. FerratoB, Tinctnra ferri mnriatis — 
a. cum Sulphate ferri tartarisatas, see Fermm 
tartariflatum — a. cum Guaiaco officinale ammo- 
niatuB, Tinotura guaiaoi ammoniata — a. lodii, 
Tinotura lodins — a. cum Opio, Tinctnra opii 
^^a. Sulphuricatum, Elixir acidum Halleri — a. 
Sulphuricum, Elixir acidum Halleri — a. Sul- 
phuris, OarboniB sulphuretum — a. Yini| SpirituB 

ALCOHOL'IO, Alco%ol'{ou9,Spirituo'9tt$,a!pir'. 
iiuout. Relating to or containing alcohol ^-aa 
an aleoholie drink or remedy. 
ALGOL, AloohoL 
ALCOLJB, Aphtha. 

ALGOOL, Alcohol— a. Cfamphri, Spiritua oam- 
AL CO OLA Ty Tincture. 
ALGOOLATUM, Tincture— a. AntiBOorbuti- 
oum, Tinctnra de CoohleariiB — a. GarminatiTum 
SylTii, Tinctura de GochleariiB — a. de Grooo com- 
poaitum, Tinctura de Groco composita. 

ALCOOLISER (F.) Formerly, 'toreduoeinto 
an impalpable powder.' No longer used. 
AL OORNOQUE (F.) Oortex Aleomoeo. The 
bark of Alckar'nea UsUfo^lia, of Jamaica, which 
has been considered capable of curing phthisis. 
It is bitter, tonic, and sUghtly astringent. Dose 
of the powder ^i to ^ss. 

AL'GYON, HaVcy<m, A swallow of Cochin 
China, whose nest is gelatinous and rory nutri- 
tious. It has been proposed in medicine as ana- 
leptic and aphrodisiac. 

ALGYO'NIUM, Battard tponge. The ashes 
were formerly employed as dentrifices : they were 
believed proper for favouring the growth of the 
hair and beard, and were used in Alopecia. 
ALDABARAN, Albadaran. 
ALDEHYDE, see AnsBsthetio. 
Black, Prinos, Rhamnus frangul 
AlnuB glntinosa. 
ALE, Cerevisia. 
ALEAGAS, Glyoyrrhixa. 
ALEGOST, Tanacetum balsamita. 

ALEGTO'RIUS LAPIS, AUcto'ria; from 
aKtKnapy * a cock.' The name of a stone, supposed 
to exist in the stomach of the cook, or, according 
to others, in that of the capon, four years old. 
Many marvellous properties were formerly attri- 
buted to it, which are as groundless as its exist- 
ence. There are no stones in the stomach, except 
what have been swallowed. 

ALEGAR, Aoetum. 

ALEHOOF, Gleohoma hederaoeom. 

ALEIMMA, Liniment 

ALEIPHA, Liniment 

ALEIPTE'RIUM, from oXei^v, 'I anoint' 
The place in the ancient gymnaatum where the 
oombatanta anointed themselves. 

ALEIP'TRON. Same etymon. A box for 
containing ointments. 

ALEHA, Farina. 

ALEM'BIC {Arab,) Moortkead, (hpiuPhm, 
Capifulumf Am'biout, (F.) Alantbie, A utensil 
made of glaaa, metal, or earUien ware^ adapted 

aerratula— a. 

for diatUlation. A ttilL It eonsiala of B Mf 
or euettr6tf, (F.) eueurbite, ekaudiiref to which u 
attached a head or capitcU, (F.) ekapiUam, and 
out of this a be<ik descends laterally to be inserted 
into ihe receiver, worm, eondeneer, or re/rijfen^ 
tar, (F.) eerpetUin, ri/riffirant, as the eaae may 

ALEM'BROTH (Salt) Sal Alemlrcik. Hm 
alchymista designated by this name, and by 
thoae of Sal eapien'tim, Sal artti, Std 9itm Bad 
& SoUn'tia, the product resulting ttom the aab- 
limation of a mixture of corrosive anblimate and 
gal ammoniac. It is stimulant, but not employed. 
AL^SE, (F.) Attne, Un'teum, from oXcfw, 'I 
preserve.' - A guard, A cloth arranged in sovo- 
ral folds, and placed upon a bed, so as to guard 
it from the lochial or other diaohargea. 
ALSTON, Farina. 
ALETRIS, A. farinoBB. 

Al'etbis, a, Farino'e<i, Slargreui, SUurwort, 
Blazing $tar. Aloe-root, Bitter graee. Black root, 
Unicom root. Ague root, Ague graee, DeviTa bit, 
Mealy ttanoort, (F.) AUtrie Meunier, KaL Ordm 
AsphodelesB. Sex. Sift, Hexandria MonogyniiL 
This plant is an intense and permanent Mtter, 
and is used as a tonic and atomachic It ia oon^ 
mon in the United Statea. 
ALEURON, Farina. 
ALEUROTBSIS, see Cribration. 
ALEXAND^S, Smymium olusatrum. 

ALEXAN'DRINE, Emplae'tnm Alexan'drL 
A garlic plaster, invented by Alexander, oontem- 
porary of Mesne. Other ancient preparadona 
were called 'Alexandrine;' aa the Alexan'dri 
antid'otue au'rea, used in apoplexy ; tiie Colhtr^^ 
ium eiccum Alexandri'num, or *OoUyriHm of King 
Alexander,* mentioned by Actiua. 
ALEXICAGUM, Amnletum, Alexipharmle. 
ALEXIPHAR'MIC, Alexiphar'maeue, Anti^ 
phar*macu», Alexica'eue, Gaeo~alexite'ri€i, Lead' 
phar'maeue, (F.) Alexipkarmaque, from aiu^tiv, 
* to repel,' and ^pfuucov, * poison.' A term ibr- 
merly need for medicinea which were considered 
proper for expelling from the body various mor- 
bific principles, or for preventing the bad effeeta 
of poisons taken inwardly. 

ALEXITE'RIA,(7aea2eanVria, from aXt^ma^M, 
'to assist' Ori^ally, alexUerium was used 
synonymously with remedy. In more modem 
times it has been applied to a class of medicines, 
that counteract poisons placed in contact with the 
exterior of the body, in contradistinction to alex^ 

fection — a. Nitricum, aee Disinfection. 
ALiZE, Ali»e, 
ALFUSA, Tutia. 
ALGA MARINA, Pila marina. 
ALGALIE, Catheter. 

AL'GAROTH, Al'garot, Algaro^thi PulvtM, 
Pulvie Angel' icue, Ox'idum sen Submu'riae t^b'ii 
prtBcipitan'do para'tum, Antimo'nii Ox'gdum, 
Oa^iaum antimo'nii Nitro^muria^ieum, Oxfidum 
Stib'ii Ae"ido Muria^ieo oxggena'topara'tuwif 
Mereu'riuB Vita, Mereu'riue Mortie, Flowen qf 
Antimony, (F.) Oxyde tFAntimoine, so called ham 
Victor Algarothi, a Veronese physician. The 
euh-muriate of protoxide of antimony, separated 
from the muriate of antimony by washing away 
some of its add. It was formerly much used aa 
an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretio. 

ALGE'DON, from aXvof, 'pain.' Violent pain 
about the neck of the bladder, occB8ionaI]y oo- 
eorring in gonorrhoea. — Cookbum. 




A&OBPOSf Pa2a. 

ALGBMA, Pain. 



AI/OIDUS, from algor, 'cold.' That which 
la *eoompaiii«d by eoldnea. 

Al'qidx FsBBifl, F. horrtfiea, F, hor^rida, F, 
fmr^quera, F, crwmcfde^, Bry'eetUBf Brjf'ehetut, 
(F.) rikor€ algid; JJgid Fever, A pernicioiis 
ntcrmitient^ aooompanied by icy eoldnets, which 
li oftan fiUal in the leoond or iUid puozyim. 

ALGOR, Bi«or. 

ALGOS, mXyes, 'pMn.' Bee Pun; Hence, 
Alfftfieue, * painful/ as Epile^na alget'iea. The 
Baffix iUgia ha« the tame signifloaUon, — ae in 
Ctf^MUUgia, PUuralgia, IfeunUgia, Ae. 

ALGOSPAS'MUS, from akyos, <pain/ and 
ene^et, 'epeam.' Painful apann or cramp of 
the miuelea. 


ALHAKDAL, see Cnoumis odlooynthik 

ALHASEF, Sudamina. 

ALIBIL.IS, NutriUoua. 

AL'ICAy ffaVieOfFarina'num, Okondnte, from 
dUre^ * to nourish.' A gnun from which the an- 
cients nwde their tiaanea ; auppoaed, by aomcy to 
hare been the Tritieum epeUa, At timea, it 
aeema to hare meant tiie tiaane itaelf. 

AL1CBS, from oAc^w, 'I aprinkle.' Spoto 
which precede the eruption of amall pox. 

ALIEN ATIO, Anomalii^— a. Mentia, Inaanity. 


ALIENTJS, Delirioua. 

ALIFOBMES MUSCULI, Pterygoid muaol^ 

ALIFOBMIS, Alaria, Pterygoid. 

ALIGULUS, ConfecUon. 

ALIMA, AlimenL 

ALIMBLL^, Parotid. 

AL'IMENT, Alimen'tum, AVima, Harma'lia, 
Ihitri'mef; Nu'triene, Suetenta^ulumf Oiba'riwnf 
Browta, CftmWU, Cibut, E^coy Nutri'tve, Nutri- 
wieu'tum, Sito^ Trophe. ^F.) AUmeat, Nowrri- 
htrt, fromt tUere, * to nourian.' Food, Any aub- 
atance which, if introduced into the ayatem, ia 
capable of nourishing it and repuring ita loaaea. 

The atndy of idimenta forma one of the moat 
important branchea of hygiene. They are con- 
fined to the organiied kingdom, — the mineral 
affording none. 

As regarda the immediate piinciplea which 
predominate in their compoaition, they haye been 
dasEcdf but imperfectly, aa followa : — 

L AmlaeaMW. 




& Q itmgim m M emd 

7. QtleHmmu. 

E jffllwBliwtia, 

9L #i9PnMsa> 


! Wheat, barlejr, cats, zye, rloe, In- 
dhm com, potato, sago, peaa, 
beans, ke, 
SQuTot, aaldiy, beet, turnip, saparsr 
gus, aabbeg% lettuce, artichoke, 
melon, Ae. 
Sugar, fig, date, ralidn, aprioot, Ac. 
i Oxiaxn, enrrant, Rooseberry, cher- 
1 ry,peaoh, strawberry, raspberry, 
1 mniberxy, pmne^ pear, Apple, 
I somi, Ac. 

SOooos, ollTe, sweet almond, nut, 
walnut, snlmal &t, oU, butter, 
DiflEBreat kfaids of milk, eheese. 

< Tendon, apcmenroals, true akin, 

< cellular texture; very young 
I animals. 

Brain, nerve, en^ Ao. 
Fleah and bloooT 

Br. Prout haa four great daaaea — ^the aqueoue, 
$ae*:Jk<tr%n£, oleaginove, and a^&tttaiaous .* — Dr. 
Pereira twelye; — the aqueoue, mucUaginoue or 
gmmmy, tacekarine, omyZaeeotis, ligneoua, petti- 
noeeotts, widuUmt, alcoholic, oily or faUy, pro- 
UUkoetoee, gelatinovu, and taUne, 

Idebig diYidea them into two dasiea:— «the 

inTRoammD or tlasiio aunmiTS ot wtu- 
nov, in which he oompriaee veget<Me Jibrin, 
vegetable albumen, vegetable eaeein, fieeh and 
blood J and the KOV-HiTmooBniUD BLBifBimi of 
BB8PIBJLTI0N, in whioh he eompriaea,/a<, sfarcA, 
gum, cone eugar, grape eugar, eugar ofmiUt,pee^ 
tin, baetorin, wine, beer and sptrite. The former 
alone, in hia yiew, are inaeryient to the nutrition 
of organised tiaaue : the latter are burnt in respi- 
ration, and frimiah heat 

The following aimple arrangement ia, perhapa^ 
aa little objectionable aa any : 

{Mbuminoue, of Prout) ^ Caaeinous. 

C Amylaceoua. 
S. Ji/bn-nitrogeMiud jSUmentsA Saccharine. 

( Oleeginous. 

The aecond diyiaion might be atill farther aim- 
plified, inasmuch aa amylaoeoua alimenta are 
convertible into sugar during the digeative pro- 
ceaa j and, from boUi, oleaginoua matter may be 

ALIMENTARY TUBE, Canal, alimentary. 

ALIMENTATION, A2»»i«nto'li'o. The act of 

ALIMENTUM, Aliment* Pabulum. 

ALIMOS, Glycyrrhhuk 

ALINDE'SIS, from aXtvioiiai, 'to be turned 
about.' A apeciea of exercise, whioh conaisted 
in rolling in the duat, after having been anointed 
with oiL — Hippocratea. 

ALIPJS'NOS, Alipa'num, Alipan^toe, firom a» 
priv., and Airavicv, ' to be fat' An epithet for- 
merly given to eyery external remedy, devoid of 
&t or moisture; auch aa powdera. — Galen. 


ALIP'TA, Alip'tet, from eXti^, 'I anoint' 
He who anointed the Atbletaa after bathing. 
The place where thia waa done waa called A^tp- 

ALIPTERIUM, see Alipta. 

ALIP'TIGA, aame etymon. The part of an- 
cient medicine, which treated of inunction, aa * 
means of preaerving health. 

ALISJER BLJDfO, Cratedgna aria. 

ALI8MA, A. plantago. Arnica montuia — a. 
GrammifoUay A. plantago — a. Lanceola'to, A* 

Alib'ma Planta'go, Alinna, A, laneeola'ta sen 
graminifo'lia, Planta'go aquat'ica. Water Plan' 
tain, (F.) Plantain d'Eau, Nat, Ord. AlismacesB. 
Sex. Sget. Hexandria Polygynia. The fresh root 
is acrid, and the dried leayes will veaicate. The 
leavea have been propoaed aa aubatLtutea for Uva 

ALITURA, Nutrition. 

AL'KALS, O'^m (7a/2t'i«t. An ancient phaiw 
maceutical name for pullets' fat 

ALKALESCENCE, Alcaieaeenee. 

ALKALI, aee Alcali — a. Ammoniaeum caua- 
ticum. Ammonia — a. Ammoniaonm spirituosum, 
Spiritua ammonias — a. Minerale nitratum, Boda, 
nitrate of — a. Minerale phoaphoratum, Soda, 
phoaphate of — a. Minerale aalinum, Soda, mu- 
riate of— a. Vegetable, Potaah — a. Vegetabile oum 
aceto, Potaaaaa aeetaa a Vegetabile flxum caua- 
ticum, Potaaaa ftiaa — a. Volatile, Ammonia — a 
Volatile cauatioum. Ammonia — a. Volatile, con- 
crete, Ammoniaa oarbonaa — a. Volatile nitratum, 
Ammonias nitraa — a. Volatile tartarixatom, Am- 
monice tartras — a. Volatile yitriolatnm. Ammo- 
nias aulphaa. 

ALKANET, BASTARD, lathoapermam oAel. 
sale — a. Dyer'a, Anchuaa tinotoria — a. Garden, 
Anchuaa offidnalia— a. Offioinaly Anchuaa offiet- 

ALKABy Hedioanent 




ALKEEBNOI, Phytalis. 

ALKBR'MES, Ckmft^tio Alker'mM, Aleher'' 

I. A oelebnted eleotoMij, eompOMd of a mnl- 
titode of Bnbfltanoei. It wm bo called from the 
grains of kermes contained in it It waa used 
M a rtimolant. Also, kermee. 

ALEERVA, see Ridnof oommvnia. 

ALKITRAN, Cedria. 

ALKOL, AloohoL 

ALKOOL, AlcohoL 

ALLAy Cerevisia. 

ALLAITEMENT, Lactation. 

ALLAMAN'DA, A. Oatkar'tica ten gramdi- 
fio'ra^ Ore'lia grandxjlo^ra, Gal'aript, Echi'nut 
§eanden»f Apoe"ynum teandent. A shnib, native 
of Guiana, tne ixmuion of whose leaves is said by 
Linnaeus to be nsefiQ in Colica Pictonnm. 

ALLANTODES, Allantois. 

ALLAN'TOIG AOID, Ae*'idum aUamo'teum. 
A peculiar acid, found in the liquor of the ailan^. 
tois of the cow. 

ALLANTOIDES, Allantois. 

ALLAN'TOIS, AUantoi'det, AUanio'de*, Mem- 
(ra'na urinafriay ,M sen Tunica Farcimina'lU, 
M. IntetHna'lia, tiie AUantoid Ve»iele, from aXXai, 
'a sausage/ and uiotf 'shi^e.' A sort of elon- 
gated bladder, between the chorion and amnion 
of the foetus, which is thrown out from the caudal 
extremity of the embryo, and communicates with 
the bladder by the urachus. It is very apparent 
in quadrupeds, but not in the human species. As 
the allantois is developed, its walls become very 
Tascular, and contain the ramifications of what 
become the umbilical artery and vein, which, by 
the elongation of tiie allantois, are brought 
through the villi of the chorion, into indinct 
communication with the vessels of tiie mother. 

ALLANTOTOX'ICUM, Urorn aXXat, 'a san- 
wtLger* and rofiirov, 'a poison.' Sausage poison 
(G.) Wnrstgift. The Germans have given tiiis 
name to a poison developed in sausages formed 
of blood and liver. 

ALLELUIA, Oxalis aoetosella. 

ALLE'VIATOR: from ad, «to,' and Utfare, 'to 
raise.' A soother. An instrument for raising in- 
valids, invented by Mr. Jenks, of Rhode IsUnd. 
It consists of two upright posts, about six feet 
high, each supported by a pedestal; of two hori- 
sontal bars at the top, rather longer than a com- 
mon bedstead ; of a windlass of the same length, 
placed six inches below the upper bar ; of a cog- 
wheel and handle; of linen belts from six to 
twelve inches wide; of str^s secured at one end 
of the windlass ; and at the other having hooks 
attached to corresponding eyes in the linen belts, 
and of a head-pioce made of netting. The pa- 
tient lying on his mattress, the surgeon passes 
the linen belts beneath his body, attaching Uiem 
to the hooks on the ends of the straps, and ad- 
justing the whole at the proper distance and 
length, so as to balance the body exactly, and 
ihen raises it from the mattress by turning the 
handle of the windlass. To lower the patient 
again, and replace him on the mattress, the wind- 
lass must be reversed. 

ALLGOOD, Chenopodium bonus Henrious. 

ALLHEAL, Heracleum spondylium. 

ALLIA'CEOUS, a/ZtVeeut, ft^m allium, 'gar- 
Uo.' Belonging to garlic, as aUiaeeout odour. 

ALLIAIRE, Alliaria. 

ALLIA'RIA, from aUium, its smell resembling 
garlic. A. offieina'lia, Eryt'imum aUia'ria sett 
eordi/o'liumf Sisymbrium allia'ria, Jaek-in-tke- 
htdge, Hinking Medge MuHard, Hedae OaHie, 
JSauee-alimef Het'perit aUia'Tia, (F.) AUiaire. 
This plant has been sometimes given in humid 
asttuna and dyspnoea. It is reputed to be dia- 
phoretic, dinretio, and antisoorbutio. 

The Parisian Codex has a oompoand aymp of 
alliaria, Strop d^irynmvm compoH, whioh it iited 
in hoarseness. 

ALLIGATURA, Fascia, Ligatnre. 

ALLIOTICUS, Alterative. 

AI/LIUM, from oU»f * I smelL' A. •olJ'MMiy 
Th4ria&i ruttie</rum, Ampdo^ramtm, Soor'adom, 
Seordon, OarliCf (F.) A%L moL Ord, A^ho- 
delesB. Sex, Sytt. Hexandria Monogynl^ A 
native of Sicily, but cultivated for nae. Tha 
JniiJbs or cloves, Ag'lithes, have a strong, oflRBntiTe^ 
and penetrating odour, and a tweeoth, biting^ 
and caustic taste. InternaUjf, gariie it tiimalaD^ 
diuretic, expectorant, emmenagogne (?), diapho- 
retio, and anthelmintic. Extmalfy, it it mb^ 
faoient, maturative, and repellent 

Dose, one to six cloves, swallowed whole^ or 
from f ^ss to f ^y. of the juice. 

Tajflor^a Bemedy /or Dea/nea», a nostmm, ap- 
pears to consist of gariie, inftued in oUof 9^- 
wtondt, and coloured by alkanet rooi. 

Alliuv AscALomcuir, Behalotte, 

Al'lium Cbpa, Oepa vulga'rit, Cfommon Onkm, 
Oqnd'la, Orom'mgon, (F.) (Hgnon, Acrid and 
stimulating, and possessing vexy littie nutriment 
Onions have been used as stimulants, diuretics^ 
and anthelmintics. The boiled or roasted onion, 
as a cataplasm, is emollient and matorating. 
The fresh root is mbe&cient The expressed 
juice is sometimes used in otalgia and in iheiu 

Alliuit Gallicvm, Portnlaea. — a. PlantagU 
neum, A. Victoriale. 

Al'liuh Porrum, Porrumi, P. saCt'vum, /Va- 
twn, the Leek or Porrei; (F.) Poireau, Porrtanu 
It possesses the same property as the onion. 

The virtues of the genus AUium depend upon 
an acrid principle, soluble in water, alcohol, md^ 
and alkalies. 

Alliuh Redoleits, Teucrium scordium. 

Al'lium Victoria'lI, a. plantagin^eum, Cejpa 
fnetoria'lit, Vidoria'lie longa. The root, which, 
when dried, loses its alliaceous smell and taste, 
is said to be efficacious in allaying the abdominal 
spasms of pregnant women (?) 

ALLOCHET'IA, AUotriochefia, from aXXst, 
* another,' and x'^cif, ' to go to stooL' The dis- 
charge of extraneous matters from the bowels. 
The discharge of faeces by an abnormous opening. 

ALLOCHOOS, Delirious. 

ALLOCHROMA'SIA, from oXXe;, 'anotiicr/ 
and X9**l"'^f ' colour.' A change of eolonr. 

ALL(EOPATHIA, Allopathy. 

ALLCEOPATHIC, Allopathic. 

ALLCEOSIS, Alteration. 

ALLCEOTICUS, Alterative. 

ALLOIOSIS, Alteration. 

ALLOIOTICUS, Alterative. 

ALLONOEMENT, Elongation. 

ALLOPATH, Allopathist 

ALLOPATHES, Allopathic 

ALLOPATHaC, AUopaik'ieut, Atteti^paa'ie, 
Allceopath'icus, AUop'atkee, ffeteropatk'ie, from 
ttXyo$, 'another,' and naBot, 'affection.' Relating 
to the ordinary method of medical practice^ in 
contradistinction to the homoeopathic 

ALLOP'ATHIST, AVlopatk, same etymon. 
One who follows allopathy. 

ALLOP'ATHY, AUopatki'a, AUceopaikia, JSTy. 
penatUio'sis, Hypenantio'ma, Oura'Ho eotUrarit/" 
rum per contra'ria, same etymon. The opposite 
to homoeopathy. The ordinary medical praotioe. 

ALLOPHASIS, Delirium. 


ALLOTRIODON'TIA, from akkor^t, 'fo- 
reign,' and oiovs, * a tooth.' Transplantation of 

ALL0TEI0£G'GRISIB, from aXAer^iei^ <fo. 


nigB,' and tncftrnf,' ' aepwrnkioii.' Tb« 

tioo of eztraneoiu matters from the body ia dii* 





ALLOTRIOTEX'IS, from aXXorpiot, 'foreign/ 
aad Tt^tt * parturition.' The hringiiig forth of 
aa abnormooe foetoe. 

ALLOTRIU'RIA« from •Xhtrftoft 'foreign/ 
■od vvpoy, 'urine.' Admixture of foreign mat> 
tV8 with iho urine, 

AVLOTROPISM; from aXXot, 'another/ and 
rpvHy 'a torn or change.' A term recently in- 
trodaecd into ehemifltry ; the object of which ia 
to express ths property possessed by oertain 
iimple bodies, of assuming different qualities on 
being sabjeeted to certain modes of treatment 
Carbon, for example, furnishes three forms — 
plumbago, charcoal, and diamond. 

ALLSPICE, see Myrtns pimenta — a. Bnsh, 
Laams Bensoin — a. Carolina, CalycanUius — a. 
Wild, Lanms Bensoin. 

ALLUCINATIO, Hallucination. 

ALLUREy Inflnensa. 

ALMA, Water. 

ALMARLAB, see PInmbi oxydum semiyitrenm. 

ALMEZERION, Cneomm tricoccum. 

ALMOND, Amygdala. 

Almohd Bloom. A liquid cosmetic, formed 
of Brasil du»t ^, water Oiij ; boil and strain ; 
and add itingloM ^vi, grana tylvftria Jg, or 
eoe&iiMal Jq, aU$m ^, borax Jiyj boil ag^, 
and strain through a fine cloth. 

Almokd Cakb, see Amygdala— a. of the Ear, 
Tonsil — a. Earth, Arachis hypogsea — a. Paste, 
see Amygdala — a. Powder, see Amygdala— a. of 
the Throaty Tonsil. 

ALNUS, A. glutinoia — a. Communis, A. gluti- 

ALNUS GLUTINO'SA, Alnu», A eommu^nit, 
Btfmla gUuim/mi sea einai^ifia'ra, Europe'an Al- 
der. A trae which grows in Europe, in moist 
plaees. Tbe bark and leaves are astringent and 
Utter; and hence are employed in intermittents, 
and as a tonic and astringent. 

Auma Sbreat'ula, ^mmcoa Alder, has simi- 
lar properties. 

Aurra Niqra, Rhamnus frangnla. 

ALOCHI'A, from a, privative, and Xexu^ 'lo- 
ehia.' Abaenoe of the lochial discharge. 

ALOBDA'RIUM. A compound medicine, 
eontatnin^ aloes. — Gorrsaus. 

ALOE, Aloes. 

ALOE ROOT, Aletris fkrinosa. 

AL'ORS, Al'oi, Fel Natu'rtB, The inspissated 
Juiee of the Aloe, Nat, Ord. AsphodelesB. See, 
^et. HexLandria Monogynia. 

Alobs Barbadbnsis, a. hepatica — a. Bombay, 
A. hepatica — a. dee Barbade», A. hepatica. 

Alobs Cabalu'sa, a, GHtmen'eia, Horee- 
aioee. Used chiefly for horses. It is ooUeeted 
ia Spain and Portogal, and is very eoarse. 

Alobs bit Cal^bassbs, A. hepatica. 

Alobs, Capb, Shining Aloee; a cheap and ex> 
eetlent form of aloes, collected at the Cape of 
Good Hope, from Aloe /erox, A, A/rieana, A, 
tfieata, and other species. 

Alobs, East Ijtdia, A. Suoootorina— a. Guini- 
•asis, A. Caballina. 

Alobs Hbpat'ica, A. vulga'rie, A, Barhaden*- 
tie, Henafie aloee, Bombay aloee, Barba'doee 
mioee, A, 9itlga*rie extrae*tum, (F.) Aloee en eaU- 
bmaeee, A. dee Barbadee. This species has a rery 
dtsagrmable odour, and an intensely bitter and 
aanseoQs taste. Properties the same as the last 

Alobs, Horsb, A. Caballina— a. Lucida, A. 
Saecotorina— a. Socotrine, A. Suocotorina— a. 
Bpieate txtnetam, A. Suoootorinak 

Alobs Svocotori'ica, Soa^otrine ahee, Turkw 
ahee, Baet India {Uoee, AloUe lu'eida, A, Zoetori''- 
niOf A, epioa'UB extrai^tum, An'tina Aloit, is tha 
best species. Its odour is not unpleasant; taste 
very bitter, and slightly aromatie; colour red- 
dish-brown, with a shade of purple ; mass hard, 
friable ; fracture eonohoidal and glossy ; solubla 
in dilute alcohol. Powder of a bright cinnamon- 
yellow colonr. It is cathartic, warm, and stimu- 
lating ; emmenagogue, anthelmintic, and stoma* 
chic. As a cathartic, it affects the rectum chiefly. 
Doee, as a cathartic, gr. t. to ^j. in pill. 

Alobs, Turkby, A. Suocotorina — a. Vulgaris, 
A. hepatacus. — a. Wood, Agallochum — a. Zocto* 
rinia, A. Suocotorina. 

ALOET'IC, Ahi^eieue, A preparation which 
contains aloes. 

ALOEXYLON, Agalloehum. 

ALOGOTROPH'IA, from aAoyo(, 'dispropor- 
tionate,' and rpo^9, ' nutrition.' Irregular nutri- 
tion. Used particularly to designate the irregu- 
lar manner in which the nutrition of bones if 
effected in rickety individuals. 


ALOPS'CIA, from «A#«c(, 'a fox/ (this anl- 
mal being said to be subject to the affection.) 
Capillo'rum deftu'vium, Athrix depi'Ue, Phalao* 
ro'tie, Depila'tio, Trieho'eie Athrix, OangrtB^na 
Alope'eia, Atrich'ia, De/lu'vium sen iMpeua Pilo'm 
rmMf Lipeotrieh'ia, Vulpie morbue, Baldneee, 
Falling off of the hair; loss of the hair. When 
this is confined to the crown of the head, it ia 
called ealvitiee, although the terms are often nsed 

Alopecia Arbata, Porrigo decalvans— a. Cir- 
cumscripta, Porrigo decalvans a Partialis, Por- 
rigo decalvans. 

ALOUCHE, CratSBgns aria. 

ALOUCH'L The name of a gum proonred 
from the canella alba tree. 

ALOUOHJERy Cratcsgns aria. 

ALPAM. A shrub which grows on the ooasi 
of Malabar. Certain parta of this, infused in oil, 
form an anUpsorio ointment The juice of the 
leaves, mixed with that of eatomas, is employed 
against the bites of serpents. 

ALPHENIC, Saocharum candidnm. 

ALPHITEDON, see Fracture. 

ALPH'ITON.aA^irov,Po{eii'ea,iVirt'«a. Any 
kind of meal. Toasted barley-meaL — Hippocnu 
tes. Polenta means also a food composed of In- 
dian meal, cheese, Ac. See Farina. 

ALPHON'SIN, Alphon'einnm, A Und of bal- 
let forceps, similar to a Porte-orc^yon, so called 
from the inventor, Alphonso Ferri, of N^leSd— • 

ALPHOS, Lepra alphoides. 


damomum— a. Galanga, Maranta galanga. 

ALPJSTE, Phalaris Ganadiensis. 

AL8 ANDERS, Smymium olnsatrum. 

ALSFNE ME'DIA, a. avicula'rum sen vulga'^ 
rit, from aXeot, ' a grove,' because growing abun- 
dantly in the woods. Jfor»ue OnllVwg, Holot*' 
tenm Alti'ni, Stetta'ria me'dia, 3foHee-ear, Ohick- 
weed, (F.) Mouron de9 Oieeaux, Morgoline, This 
plant, if boiled tender, may be eaten like spinach, 
and forms an excellent emollient poultice. It 
was formerly regarded as a vulnerary and deter- 

ALTAFOR, Camphor. 
ALTER SEXUS, Sex, female. 
ALTERANS, Alterative. 
ALTERANT, Alterative. 
ALTERA'TION, AlteraUio, from alter, 'other,* 
AUoio*wi9, Altao'eie, This word is used in Franoa 




to expreu a morbid elumge which luperr e nea in 
Ihe expretrion of the oountenuioe (alUraiioH de 
ia/aetf) or in the •tmctore of ui organ {altSra- 
tion organiq%e, ) or in the nature of fluids exereted 
(jtASration de I'urine, dtt larmtet, du lait, Ac) 

AUiration ia also osed in an entirely different 
■enee, to express intense thirst in disease. In 
this case its etymology is different. It comes 
from hcUSter, and was formerly written kalHer- 

AL'TEBA.TIVE, Al'Urana, AUoiofieui, Alice- 
o^icutf AUiot'ietUf Immu'tatu. An agent con- 
sidered to be capable of producing a salutary 
change in a uisease, but without exciting any 
sensible oracuation. As medicine improves, this 
uncertain class of remedies becomes, of necessity, 
diminished in number. See Eutrophie. 

(F.) AlUrant, The French term likewise 
means, that which causes thirst, — Sitieult/nUf 
Dipte^ieuSf as alUrtr means both to change, and 
to cause thirst S'alUrer is to experience a 
change for the worse, — eorrum'jn.) 


ALTERCUM, Hyoscyamus. 

ALTH^'A, from oA^ciy, 'to heal f A. offieina*- 
lis, Malravit'eum, ArittoUtkeB'af HihWeutf Ibi^- 
ekwt, Ihit'ehn mumal'va, Bitmal'vOf Marth wuU- 
low. (F.) Ouimauve. Nat. Ord. Malvaoess. Sex. 
8w9L Monadelphia Polyandria. The leayes, 
AltlnB^a fo'lia, and root» AUk^'a radix, contain 
mnoh mucUage. They are etnollicnt and demul- 
cent, and are employed wherever medicines, pos- 
BCMing such properties, are required. In the Ph. 
U. 8., AlthsDa is the root of AlthsDa oflioinalis. 


ALTHEUS, Physician. 


ALTHOS, Medicament 

ALTILIBAT, Terebinthina. 

ALU'DEL, Alu'tel, Vitrum 9ublimato'rium, A 
hoUow sphere of stone, glass, or earthen ware, with 
a short neck projecting at each end, by means of 
which one glass might be set upon the other. 
The uppermost had no aperture at the top. Alu- 
dels were formerly used in the sublimation of 
Tarious substances. 

A'LULA ; diminutive of eda, 'a wing.' A little 

ALUM, Symphytum — a. Cataplasm, Goagulum 
■Inmlnosum — a. Egyptian, ^gyptia stypteria. 

Alum, Rochb, Alu'men de Jiocki, (V.) Alun de 
Soehe. So called from Roccha in Syria, where 
there was a manufactory of it It is in pieces of 
the site of an almond, covered with a reddish 

Cfommon Roche Alum, A. Roeki OaUi*. Frag- 
ments of common alum, moistened and shaken 
with prepared bole. It is white when broken. 

nAlux, Solutiox of, Cokpounb, Liq. aluminis 

Alux Root, Geranium maoulatum, Heuchera 

ALU'MEN, (an Arabic term, alum,) Alum, 
HypertuVphaa alu'mina et Potat'§a, PoUu'ta 
atwtnino-tulphcuif SiWpkat Alumitim Aeid'nlue 
earn Potat'ad, Sulphas Alu'mina, SuVphaa KaV- 
ieo-a/«min'«eMm, Sulphas alumina'ris, SupersuV- 
fikas alu'mintB et potas'sa, ArgU'la sulphu'rica 
alealisa'ta, A. vitriola'ta, Stypteria, Supersul'- 
phas AroiVliB aletUisa'tum, ArgiUa KalistUphu- 
riea. (F.) Alun, 

Aluken Catiwdv, Potash of commerce — a. 
Fixum, see Potash — a. Kinosatum, Pulvis sul- 
phatis alnminsD compositus. 

Alu'xbn CoMMU'iff, Common alum, English 
alum. Rock alum, Alumen facti"tium. A, crystal'- 
Unum, A. ru'oeum, (F.) Alun ^Angleterre, is (he 
TBrie^ uswulj employed. It Sb in octahedral 

crystals, but generally in large, white, Bemitrans* 
parent masses; has a sweetish, styptic taste: 
effloresces in the air, and is soluble in 16 parts of 
water at 60®. It is tonic and astringent* and •• 
such is used internally and externally. Dose, gr. 

v. to XV. 

eina'tum. Sulphas alu*minm fusus, ArgiPla twU 
phu'riea usta, Bumi a/iim, dHed alum, (F.) Ahm 
ealeinSf {Alum melted in an earthen ▼end uiitQ 
ebullition ceases.) Escharotlc 

Alu'mbit RoMA'iruM, Roman alum, A. I?«'f»- 
lum, A. Rubrum, (F.) Alun de Rome. In eiya- 
tals, which are of a pale red when broken, and 
covered wijth a reddish effloreecence. 

ALUMINA, ACETATE OF, Alumins Aoetifl 
— a. Depurata, ArgiUa pura — a. Pur% ArgilU 
pura — a. Sulphate of, Aluminas Sulphas. 

ALU'MINJB ACE'TAS, ArgiPla Ace'tas,Ai/'^ 
tote of Alu'mina. A deliquescent salt* obtained 
by the addition of acetate of lead to sulphate of 
alumina and potassa. It possesses the same pro- 
perties as the sulphate of alumina. 


men — a. et PotasssD supersulphas, Alumen — a. 
Sulphas, Alumen. 

ALu'MiNiB Sulphas, ArgilUs Sulphas, SulpkaU 
of Alu'mina. Simple sulphate of alumina may 
be made by the direct combination of o/hmmm 
and sulphuric acid, and contains 80 per cent of 
the former, to 70 per cent of the latter. It Sb 
a deliquescent salt; and is an excellent antisep- 
tic and detergent to ulcers. It is chiefly used to 
preserve dead bodies — a strong solution being 
iigected into the arteries. 

ALVxiifjB Sulphas AciDULUi cum Pota8s1« 
Alumen — a. Sulphas fbsus, Alumen exsiocatom. 

ALUMINE FAGTIOE, Argillapura. 

ALUN, Alumen. 

ALUNSEL, Gutta. 

ALUS, Symphytum. 

ALUSIA, Hallucination — a. Hypochondriaaii^ 

ALUTEL, Aludel. 

ALVAQUILLA, Psoralea glandulosa. 

ALVARAS NIGRA, Ichthyosis. 

ALVEARIUM, Auditory canal, extemaL 

ALVE'OLAR, Aheola'ns, from alveus, 'a ca- 
vity.' (F.) AlcMaire. That which relatec to 
the alveolL 

Alve'olar Arches, (F.) Arcades alv^laurss, 
are formed by the margins or borders of the two 
jaws, which are hollowed by the AlveolL 

Alve'olar Artbrt, Supra-wuMxillary A., Ar- 
tire sus-maxillaire of Chaussier, arises from the 
internal maxillary, descends behind the tuberos- 
ity of the upper jaw, and gives branches to the 
upper molar teeth, gums, periosteum, membrane 
of the maxillary sinus, and buccinator muscle. 

Alveolar Border, Limbus alveola'ris. The 
part of the jaws, that is hollowed by the alveoU. 

Alve'olar Membranes are very fine mem- 
branes, situate between the teeth and alveoli, and 
formed by a portion of the sac or follicle wUch 
enclosed the tooth before it pierced the gum. By 
some this membrane has been called the a/veoI»- 
dental periosteum. 

Altb'olar VEnr. This has a similar distri- 
bution with the artery. 

AL v£OLE, Alveolus. 

ALVEOLI DENTIS, see Alveolus. 

ALViOLO-LABIAL, Bneoinalor. 

ALVE'OLUS, same etymon. Bo^triou, Bef* 
thrion, Odontoboth'riufn, Odouiopha^ni, Fremstf 
Mortariolum, HoVmieos, Pr ss s e p iolmm, Phaini, 
Phafnion, Prmsepium, PsUni, Pathmi. (F.) Al- 
ffiole. The alveoU are the socImcs ^ the testk^ 




iMcU demtb, Ma^wim aea Oamer'nm den'Hum, 
into whieh ili«7 are, as it were, driyen. Their 
KM and shape are determiaed by the teeth which 
they reeeive, and they are jxieroed at the apex by 
■aall hcdesy whieh gire passage to the dentid 
Teitels and neryee. 

ALVSUS» Ange — a. Ampallosofl, Reoeptaen- 
hna ehyli— a. i^puUeeeenSy Thorado duot — a. 
Coflimnnif : eee Semicirealar eanals — ib Utrioii- 
lovu : see Semicircahir canals. 

ALVI BXCRETIO, Defecatioii— a. Fluxns 
aqoosns, Dianrhcea — a. Laxitas, Diarrheea — a. 
IMnTinm, Biarrheea. 

ALVIDUCU8, Lazadre. 

ALVINB, Alvi'mm, from ahua, 'the abdomen.' 
That whieh relates to the lower belly, as almne 
iftjteHontf alvine fiuac^ alvine obttruetiona, Ao. 


ALY US, Abdomen, Uterus — a. Adstricta, Gon- 
itipation — a. Cita, Diarrhoea — a. Dora, Gonstipa- 
tio — a. Renum, Pelvis of the kidney — a. Taida, 
Coniitipatioii — a. Viridis, Dejection. 

ALTGE, Anxiety. 

ALTPOK, from a, priy., and Xvrtf, 'pain.' An 
send, purging plants described by Matthlolns. 
By some it has been supposed to be the Olohuta'- 
ria alyprnm of botajiists. 

ALY6I8, Anidety. 

ALTSMUS, Anxiety. 

ALTSSCTM PLINn, GaHnm Mollago. 

ALT8SU8, Antihydrophobic 

AL'ZILAT. In some of tiie Arabian writers, 
a weight of three grains. — Buiand and Johnson. 

Al^BIIiE, Lacuna Labii Snperioris. 

AMADOU, Boletus iffniurius. 

AMADOUVIER, Boletus igniarius. 


AMANDES, see Amygdala. 

AMANI'T^ from a, privative, and /lavia, 
'madness :' i. e. 'not poisonous.' A name given, 
by the Qraeks and Romans, to the edible oAom- 
pignont, Amanita forms, at the present day, a 
genus, some of which are edible, others poison- 
oos. Amongst others, it contains the AgarieuB 
awmUiaciu and A^p9eudo-auranl\aeu§, 

AMARA DULGlS, Solanum dnloamsra. 

AMARACI'NUM. An andent and esteemed 
plaster, eontaxning several aromatics, the maijo- 
ram, ufimfoKBf, in particular. 

AMARAGUS, Origanum nu^orana — il lomen- 
tosus. Ori ganu m diotamnus. 

AMARITLBS, Bitterness. 

AMARITUDO, Bitterness. 

AHAROR, Bitterness. 

AMARUGACHU, Polyanthes tuberosa. 

AMA'RUS, Pierot, 'bitter.' (F.) Am^r. The 
bitter principle of vegetables is the great natural 
tooic, and hence hiticrtf as they are termed col- 
lectively, belong to the class of tonics. Several 
are ased in medidne; the chief are, gentian, 
quassia, dnchona. calumba, dog-wood, Ac 

AMA8E'8I8, Am€u§e^9i«f from a, privative, and 
pagn9iif 'mastication.' Mastication when im- 
peded or impracticable. 

AM ATORIUM, Lacuna labii superioris. 

AMATORn, Oblique muscles of the eye. 


rior oeoU. 

AMAURO'SIS, Ohfuaea'Hoj Offwea'tio, from 
ttOTfec, 'obaeore.' Drop Mertne, Chttta §ere'na, 
OUaratfta migra, Paropaig amaurt/M, ImmobiV- 
<!«• fmVl^ £kffu*no mgra, Block eafaraet. 
(P.) voutu Mrnntf CkUaraeie noire, Anoptieoner- 
Mf (Piarry.) Diminution, or oomplete loss of 
sight, without any perceptible alteration in the 
erfaniaalion of the eyei generally, perhaps, 
tving to laaa of pow«r of the optao nenre or re- 

tina. Counter-irritants are tiie most suocessfhl 
remedial agents, although the disease is always 
very dilBonlt of removal, and generally totally 

Amaurosis Dimidiata, Hemiopia — a. Imper- 
fecta^ Hypo-amaurosis. 

AMAUROT'IG, Amaurot^ieu* ; same etymon. 
Affected with amaurosis. 

Akaurotio Gat's Etx, Cfaleamauro'9%9. A 
name given by Beer to an amaurotic affection, 
accompanied by a remarkable change of colour 
in the pupil, which presents, apparently in the 
fundus of the eye, a lighter tint^ yellowish or 
brownish yellow, instesul of its natural dear 

AMA'ZIA, from a, privative, and/ia(o;, 'breast.' 
A monstrosity, in which there is absence of one 
or both breasts. 

AMBARUM, Ambergris — a. Oineiitium, Am- 

AMB&, from anfiatvtt, 'I ascend;' Ambi, A 
superficial eminence on a bone. Also, an old 
surgical machine for reducing dislocations of the 
shoulder ; the invention of which is ascribed to 
Hippocrates. It is no longer used. — Hippo- 
crates, Scultetus. See Crista. 

AMBER, Suednum — a. Liquid : see Liqidd- 
amber styradflua. 

AM'BERGRIS, Ambra gri'tea, Amhor, Am- 
hoTf Ambra dnera'ceOf A. ambro&iaeat Ambarum, 
Sue'cinum ctneVe«m, S. gri'teum, Am'barum etne- 
ri**Hum, A concrete substance, of the consis- 
tence of wax, dneritious colour, studded with 
yellow and blackish spots, and exhaling a very 
pleasant odour. It seems highly probable thi^ 
ambergris is formed in the intestines of the 
whale, and voided with its excrements. Like all 
aromatic substances, ambergris is slightly anti- 
spasmodic and exdtant; but it is oftener em- 
ployed as a perfrime than as a medicine. 

AMBIA. A liquid, yellow bitumen, the smell 
and virtues of which are similar to those of the 
resin tacamahaca. It is obtained from a spring 
in India. 

AMBICUS, Alembic. 

AMBIDEX'TER, Amphidexfiw, from ambo, 
'both/ and dexter, 'right.' One who uses both 
hands with equal facility. Celsns says the sur- 
geon ought to be *non minue einietrd quam dex^ 
tr& promptM. One of the aphorisms of Hippo- 
crates says, that a woman is never ambidexter. 
This is a mistake. 

AMBILJBVUS, Ampharisteros. 


AMBLOMA, Abortion. 

AMBLOSIS, Abortion. 

AMBLOSMUS, Abortion. 

AMBLOTHRIDION, see Abortion. 


AMBLOTICUS, Abortive. 

AMBLUS, a/i/3Xvf, 'obscure.' Hence, 

AMBLYAPH'IA, from aftpXvs, 'obscure/ and 
'a^tf 'feeling.' Dulness of the sense of touch. 

AMBLTOOMOS, Amblyopia. 

AMBLYO'PIA, from a/i^Xv^ 'obscure/ and 
M>1/, ' the eye.' Amblg^oetnoe, Amblvog'moe, Amplim 
o'pia (so called by some, according to Gastelli^ 
ob ignorantiam GrtBOB lingwB,) Hebetu'do viaCe, 
Feebleneee 0/ tight, (F.) Fue/atdfo. First degree 
of Amaurosis. — Hippocrates. 

Amblyopia Crepxtscularis, Hemeralopia — a. 
Dissitorum, Myopia — ^a. Meridiana, Nyctalopiar^ 
a. Proximomm, Presbytia. 

AMBLYOSMOS, Amblyopia. 

AMB0LICU8, Abortive. 

AMBON, a/i&iav, 'the raised rim of a shield or 
dish/ from «/<^acy«, 'I ascend.' The flbro-cartU 




laginonB rings or bourreUt9, which snrroimd the 
articular cavities, as the glenoid cavity of the 
BOi^iala, the acetabolnm, Ac, have been to called 
—Galen. See Crista. 

AM60R, Ambergris. 

AM6RA, Succinum — a. Ambrosiaeay Amber- 
gris — a. Cincracea, Ambergris. 

AMBRAORISEA, Ambergris. 

AMBRE BLANO, Sncoinom (albom) — a. 
JawMf Saccinum. 

AMBRETTEy Hibisons abelmoschns. 

AMBRO'SIA, from a, privative, and jSporof, 
'mortal/ Food which makes immortal, or the 
food of immortals. The food of the gods — Ho- 
mer. See also, Chenopodiom botrys. 

Ambrosia Elatior, see A. Trifida. 

Ambro'bia Marit'ima. a plant which grows 
on the shores of the Levant, and has a pleasant* 
bitter and aromatic taste. It is given in infusion, 
as a tonic and antispasmodic 

Ambrg'sia Triv'ida, Horteweed, Richweed, 
Hortemintf Hor^eeane, Bitterweedy Oreat Rcuf- 
veedf WUd Hemp, This indigenous plant is 
found in low grounds and along streams, from 
Canada to Georgia, and west to Louisiiuia and 
Arkansas. It is an annual, and flowers in Au- 
gust and September. An infusion has been re- 
commended locally in mercurial salivation. 

Ambroiia Elatior, Ragweed, is said by Dr. R. 
E. Griffith to have much more developed sensible 

AJfBROSlE DU MEXIQUE, Chenopodiom 

AMB ULANOE, f P.) from amhulare, ' to walk.' 
A military hospital attached to an army, and 
moving along with it. Also called H6pital am- 

AMBULATIO, Walking. 

AM'BULATORY, Am'bulatu, Ambulati'tw, 
Am'bulativef (F.) Ambulant. A morbid affection 
ia said to be 'ambulatory,' (F.) ambulante, when 
it skips from one part to anoti^er ; as Eriwpilet 
amlmlanttf &c. When blisters are applied suc- 
eeesively on different parts of the body, they are 
ealled VMeatairea ambulantt. 

AMBULEIA, Cichorium intybus. 

AM'BULI. The Brachmanio name for an In- 
dian aquatic herb, which appears to belong to 
the family Ly»imachi<t, The whole plant has a 
sweet smelL Its decoction has a very bitter 
taste, and is an excellent febrifuge. It is also 
taken in milk in cases of vertigo. 

8U8, Flatua furio'tut, Vare'ni, Painful, mo- 
bile, and periodical tumours affecting different 
parts, which were once considered as the effect 
of very subtile vapours — Michaelis. Their na- 
ture is by no means clear. 


AMBUTUA, Pareu^brava. 

AMBUYA-EMBO. A very beautiful, creeping 
aristolochia of Brasil, the decoction of which is 
exhibited successfully in obstructions. It is also 
used in fVimigation and in baths as a tonic 

AMEf Anima. 

AMELI. A Malabar shrub, belonging to a 
genus unknown. The decoction of its leaves is 
Bald to relieve colic Its roots, boiled in oil, are 
used to repel tumours. 

AMELIA, Apathy. 

AMENIA, Amenorrhoea, Emmenagognes. 

AMENOMA'NIA. A hybrid word, formed 
from the Latin afn cmiM, ' agreeable,' and ^awia, 
' mania.' A gay form of insanity. 

AMENORRHGS'A, Parame'nia obttruetio'nU, 
MeHoenfph'iOf Meno9ta'§ia, Apovkrax'UfArrho^af 
Dffec'tut leu Beman'no sen GeMa'tio wtem'nmM, 

Menttrua'tio impedi'ta, I§ehom^ma,Am^mim, frcMi 
a, privative, ^nv, 'a month,' and ^tm, 'I flow/ 
Suppremion of the menae§, (F.) S»ppr m n om dm 
fivac menttnteL This snppreni<»i u moet eoiB- 
monly symptomatic, and henee the idiief atten- 
tion must be paid to the cause. Usaally, there hi 
an atonic state of the system generally, and henoe 
ohalybeates and other tonios are advisalde. 

Two great varieties of Amenorrhoea are eom- 
monly reckoned. 1. A. Ewumtu/nit, Euimm'mi^ 
men'tium, MenWehentf Menot^ekeaitf MenHnta'Uo 
retent<if Men'num reten'tia, Retention of the aiea- 
«e«, when the menses do not appear at the nsaal 
age: and, 2. Suppre^eio Mtn'tiwm, Supproi^no 
Menttruatio'niMy Amenorrhoea Suppremrio'nie, /»• 
ierrup'tio menetruaiio'nit, Menttrua'tio em pp rt e ea, 
in which the catamenia are obstmeted in their 
regular periods of reeurrenoe. See Smansio Meo- 
sium, and Menses. 

Ambnorrhosa Difficilis, DysmenorrhoB*— ^ 
Emansionis, see Amenorrhoea — a. Hjrmenieay see 
Hymenicus — a. Partialis, Dysmenorxhoea — a. 
Suppressionis, see Amenorrhoea. 

AMENTIA, Dementia : see, also, Fataitas, and 
Idiotism — a. Senilis, Dementia of the aged. 

AMERf Amarus. 

AMERICAN, see Home 


AMERTUME, Bitterness. 

AM'ETHYST, Amethyt'tuB, horn m, priTatfre^ 
and fitBvm, * I am drunk.' A precious stone, to 
which the ancients attributed the juropertj o£ 
preventing drunkenness. It was also used as an 
anti-diarrhoeic and absorbent — Pliny, All>ertai 

AMETH'YSUM, Amethy^tum, {remedimn,) 
Same etymon as the last. A remedy for drunk- 

AMETRIA, Intemperance Also, absenee of 
the uterus; from a, privative, and fi^rfth *^^ 

AMICULUM, Amnios. 

AMlDONy JODURB U, Stareh, Iodide ot 

AMIDUM, Amylum. 

AMIN^A, Animc 

AMIN^'UM VINUM, Amtne'afiwtiie, highly 
esteemed as a stomachic Virgil distingnishee \SL 
from the Falemian. — Pliny, fi^Mirobiua, Ac 

AMMA, Truss. 

AMMI, Ammi mafue sen eieutetfo'lium aott 
vulga'ri seu Bolhtri, Am'miot flmiWea'te, A'jNwa 
ammi, Biekop'e weed. The seeds of this plant are 
aromatic and pungent They are said to be 
carminative and diuretic, and are tonio and sto- 

Ammi Bolbbri, Ammi — a. det JBoutifuee, tea 
Sison ammi — a. CicutsBfolium, Ammi — a. VenuBy 
see Sison ammi — a. Vulgare, AmmL 

AMMION, Hydrargyri sulphnretnm rabmm. 


AMMISMUS, Psammismns. 

AMMOCHO'SIA, AmiiM>eJU>'m, fi^mi m^fH» 
' sand,' and yew, ' I pour.' Arena'tio, Patting 
the human body in hot sand, for the onre of 

AMMO'NIA, Ammo'nia or Ammoni^aeai ga»f 
Volatile aVkcUif AVcali ammoni'ac4fm coM^ticum^ 
A. volaVili caut'tieum, Amwio'ma Miue'tiea, A* 
pura, Ammoni'acum, A, eaut'ticmm, Oaa ammi»» 
ni<Ka'li, Mephi'tie urino^ea, tF.) Ammumiaamef 
Air cUealin, 6az ammomacaL An alcali, so eaUedp 
because obtained principally by deoompoaingsal 
ammoniac {muriate of ammomia) by lime Thia 
gas is colourless, transparent^ elastio^ of a pun- 
gent, characteristic odour, and an aeifd nrinoua 
taste. It tarns the qrrnp of Tidleti grean, and 




Hi spodllo gnyi^ is 0*596. When inhal«d, 
laij^Iy diluted with commoD air, it is a powerful 
irritaot. When oxunized, it instantlj induces 

Ammonia, Acitatb or, Solution of, Liquor 
ammonisB aeetatis — a. Arscniate of, Arseniate of 
ammoni* — a. Bensoate of. Ammonia} bensoas — 
a. Canstica liqnida, Liquor ammonin — a. Chloro- 
hjrdrate of, Ammonia; murias — a» Citrate of, Am- 
aonis citras— a. Hydriodate of. Ammonium, io< 
dide of — a. Uydrochlorate of, Ammoni» murias 
— a. HjdroKulphuret of, Ammoniae sulphuretum — 
a. Iodide of, see Iodine — a. Liniment of, strong, 
Linimentum ammonim fortius — a. Liquid, Liquor 
Amraoniae — a. Muriatica, Ammonise murias — ^a. 
Kimta, Ammonias nitras — a. Phosphate of, Am- 
Boniae pbosphas— a. Preeparata, Ammonias ear- 
bonas — a. Pnra liquida, Liquor ammonias — a. 
Solution of. Liquor ammonias — a. Solution of, 
stronger. Liquor ammoni» fortior— a. Tartrate of, 
Ammonije tsutras. 

AHMO'NIAC, GUM, Ammoni'aeuwi, (Ph. U. 
8.) Gmm'mi AmMoni'aewn, Armom'ncwm, MaUt'- 
nma, (F.) JLmmwniae, Ocmme amnumiaqnef so 
called from Ammonia in Lybia, whence it is 
broaght. A gum-resin, the concrete juice of 
Jkfrt*ma ammomi'acum, of Persia : a species of a 
genus allied to Ferula. It is in irregular, dry 
lueses and tears, yellow externally, whitish with- 
in. Its odour is peculiar, and not ungrateful: 
taste aaoaeottSy sweet, and bitter. It forms a 
white emulinon with water: is soluble in yinegar; 
partially so in alcohol, ether, and solutions of the 

Gom ammoniaeum is expectorant^ deobstm- 
•Dt ( ? ) antispasmodic, discutient, and resolvent. 
It is diieily used, however, in the first capacity, 
aad in the formation of certain plasters. 

Two varieties are met with in the market, 
Guitm amwufni'acif the best; and Xopts atnmonP' 
mei, the more impure. 

AMMONIAC^ NITRAS, Ammoniso nitras— 
a. Sulphas, Ammonias sulphas. 

AMMONIACUM, Ammonia, Ammoniac Gum 
— a. Snecinatura, Bpiritus ammonias foetidus — a. 
Toladle mite. Ammonias carbonas. 

AMMONLfi ACETAS, Liquor ammonias ace- 
talis — a. Arsenias, Arseniate of Ammonia. 

Amvo'iiub Bbn'zoas, Ben'toate of Ammonia. 
A salt formed by the union of hetuoie aeid and 
esMMmta, which has been prescribed for the re- 
Boval of gouty depositions of urate of soda in 
the joints. It is regarded as a good diuretic. 

AjntoMUS Cab'bokas, A. Subcar'bona*, A. Sf^ 
fWQor'&ona*, SaU of hones, Sal Ostium, Salt of 
mood-tootf Sal Fulig"ini§, Salt of un'nc. Volatile 
Sal Amtdtmiae, Baker^e talt, AVcali volat'ili 
atta'-iuen, A. volafiU ammoniaca'lif A, volat'iU 
ex eati ammon^acOf Ammoni'aeum vola^ili miti, 
A mmo^wium earbonfieumy A. ettbearho'nemmf Car- 
homo* ammu/nim alkali'nne sen ineompl^fif^ sen 
tmp«rammoni^a/en»f Hjfpocar'honaa ammo'nx^f Flo- 
ret talis ammoni^aci, Sal eomu eervi volat'iU, 
Sal volai*ilie ealie ammoni'acif Concrete volatile 
olkali, Carbonate or Subcarbonate of ammtonia, 
Amim4/nia prtgjpara'ta, Sal volat'iU, Smelling salt, 
(F.) Carhonixte <Pammoniaque, Sel volatil iTAn- 
fleterre^ (Ammtm. muriat. mj ; Oreta Ibiss. Sub- 
une — Ph. U. S.) A white, striated, cryst^ne 
■acs; odour and taste pungent and ammoniaoal : 
soluble in two parts of water : insoluble in alco- 
hol : efloresces in the air. It is stimulant, ant- 
•dd, diaphoretic, and antispasmodic. Dose, gr. 

v. to XT. 

Carbonate of ammonia Is at times nsed to form 
iffarvescing draughts. One scruple saturates six 
flnidiBcluBs of Iraion-joiee, twenty-six gxaini of 

orystalliaed tartaric add, and twen^-siz grains 
of crystallised citric acid. 

AxMONiJi GiTBAB, Citrate of Ammo'nia, Made 
by saturating lemon or lime juice, or a solution 
of citric acid, with carbonate of ammonia. Dosa^ 

It may be made extemporaneously, and taken 
in an effervescing state. Seventeen grains ot 
citric acid or hidf a finidounee of lemon-juice 
will be suflficient for thirteen grains of carbonate 
of ammonia. 

AvMONiJi Gfpbo-sulpbas, Cuprum ammo- 

AvMOViJi XT Febri Murias, Fermm ammo- 
niatum — a. Ferro-citras, Ferri ammonio-citra^— 
a. Hydriodas, Ammonium, iodide of — a. Hydro- 
sulphuretum, Liquor ftimans Boylii — a. Hypocar- 
bonas, Ammoniaa Carbonas. 

Avvo'ni^ Md'bias, Mu'riate of Ammo'niop 
Hydrochlo'raU of Ammo'nia, Ohlorohydrate of 
Ammo'nia, Sal Ammoni'aeum, Sal Ammo'niaCp 
Sal Ammoni'aeue, Ammo'nia Muriat'ica, Amino'- 
nium Muria'tum, Hydrochlo'rae Ammo'nia, SeU 
Armoni'aoitm, Salmicui, Fuli'go AVba Philoeo- 
pko'rum, Mieadir, (F.) Muriate d^Ammaniaqne, 
A saline concrete, formed by the combination of 
muriatic acid with ammonia. In Egypt it is 
manufactured in large quantities by subliming 
the soot formed by burning camel's dung — 26 
pounds of the soot yielding 6 pounds. It is also 
prepared, in great quantities, by adding sulphurie 
acid to the volatile alkali obtained from sooty 
bones, Ac, mixing this with common salt, and 

Muriate of ammonia is inodorous, but has aa 
acrid, pungent, bitterish, and urinous taste. 
Three parts of cold water dissolve one. Solu- 
ble also in 4*5 parts of alcohol. It is aperient 
and diuretic, but seldom used internally. Ex- 
ternally, it is employed, producing cold during 
its solution, in inflammations, Jrc. 

Auuo'viM NiTBAS, Nitrate of Amtnoma, AP' 
kali volatfiU nitra'tum, Sal ammoni'aeue nitro'ensp 
Ammo'nia nitra'ta, Nitrae. amntoni'actg, Nitmm 
Jlammane, (F.) Nitrate liPAmmoniaque, A salt 
composed of nitric acid and ammonia. It is diu- 
retic and deobstruent. (?) Externally, it is dis- 
cutient and sialogogue. 

Auxo'NiiB Veospeab, Phoephate of Ammo'mOf 
(F.) Pkoepkate d^ Ammoniaque. This salt has been 
recommended as an excitant, diaphoretic, and 
discutient. More recently, it has been proposed 
as a new remedy for gout and rheumatism, as a 
solvent of uric acid calculus, and for diseases^ 
acute and chronic, connected directly witii the 
lithio acid diathesis. 
AMMONiiB Sesquicabbohas, A. carbonas. 
AvKo'jri^ Sulphas, Sulphate of Ammo'nia, 
Sulpkae ammoni'ae<Bf Ammo'nium eulpku'ricum, 
Al'Kali volat'iU vitriola'tum, Sal Ammoni'aeuM 
eecre'tum Glaubebi, Sal eeere'tue Glaubebi, Fi- 
triolum ammoniaca'U, (F.) Sulpkate cTAmjaoiH- 
aque. Formed by adding sulpnuric acid either 
to sal ammoniac or to ammoniacal liquor. Its 
properties are like those of the muriate of am- 

Amko'ni^ Sulpburb'tuv, Sul'pkuret of Am- 
mo'aia, Svdroeul'pkuret of Ammo'nia, Ammo'- 
nium Sulfkydra'tum, ffjfdroeul'pkae Ammonicff 
Spir'itue Bsoui'vi, Sp,fuman» Bxqui'hi, Snl* 
pkure'tum ammoni'aea, Sp. talis ammoni'<»ei tnl* 
pkura'tut, Liquor ammo'nii kydrotki*odit, H^dra* 
tulpkure'tum Aimno'nteuM, Hudrarg, amm4miaea'-' 
U aquo'tum, Bydrog"eno-sufpkmre'tnm ammonium 
octf liq'uidum, SpiPitus sulfpkvris volafilis, Hom 
par tulpkurit volat'iU, BoTLX's or Bxouiirx't 
fuming tpirit, (F.) BydroeulpkaU tuffuri <PAm* 




wumiaqtui, Liqueur /umante de BoTLE, Sul/ure 
Kydrogfni aAmmoniaquCy Hydrond/wre d^Am- 
wnmiaque. Odour very fotid ; taste nauseoas and 
Styptic ; colour dark yellowish green. It U re- 
puted to be sedative, nauseating, emetic, disoxy- 
genlzing, (?) and has been given in diabetes and 
diseases of increased excitement Dose, gtt viij. 

to gtt XX. 

Auuo'viJE Tartrab, Al'keUi volat'ili tartaric 
MaUuniy Sal Ammoni'acum tarta'reum, Tar'tarut 
ammt/m<Bf Tartrate of Ammo'Hiaj (F.) Tartrate 
t^Ammoniaque. A salt composed of tartaric acid 
and ammonia. It is diaphoretic and diuretic; 
but not much used. 

AMMONIAQUEt Ammonia— a. Ar^fninte d\ 
Arseniate of ammonia — a. ffudrogul/ure d\ Am- 
monisB sulphuretum — a. Bifdrogul/ate ttulfnrl cT, 
Ammoniae sulphuretnm — a. Liquidtf Liquor am- 
monite — a. Pko9phate cT, Ammonia) phosphas — 
cu Sulfnre hydrogini cT, Ammoniso sulphurctum. 

AMMONII lODIDUM, Ammonium, iodide of. 

Amvoxii Ioduretum, Ammonium, iodide of. 

prum ammoniatum. 

AMMO'NION, from a^iyiOif 'sand.' An ancient 
oollyrium of great virtues in many diseases of the 
•ye, and which was said to remove sand from 
that organ. 

Ammonia — a. Carbonicum, Ammonias oarbonas 
—a. Hydroiodicum, Ammonium, iodide of — a. 
lodatum, Ammonium, iodide of. 

Ahmo'niuv, I'odidb op, lod'idum seu lodure'- 
fcm ammonii, Atnmoniwn loda'tum seu Hydro- 
iod'icum, Hydri'odtu ammo'niofj J/ydri'odate of 
mmmo'nicu This salt is formed by saturating 
liquid hydriodic acid with eafutie ammoniaf and 
evaporating the solution. It is applied in the 
form of ointment (3J ad adipit Jj) in lepra, 
psoriasis, Ac 


TiALE, Forrum ammoniatum — a. Muriatum, Am- 
monia) muria^ — a. 8ubcarboneum, Ammonias car- 
bona« — ^a. Sulf hydratum. Ammoniac sulphuretnm 
—A. Sulphuricum, Ammonia sulphas. 

AMNA ALCALIZATA, Water, mineral, jmi- 


AMNE'SIA, Amneat'iay Amnemoa'yni, from a, 
privative, and nvn'ttt * memory.' Moria imhe^'- 
%li» amne'^iay Oblit/iOf Recolleetio'nia Jactu'rOf 
Dyacnsthe'eia tnfer'na, DehiVita* mtmo'ruBi Me- 
WUf'ria dele' to, (F.) Perte de JfSmoiref 'loss of 
memory.' By some Nosologists, amnesia consti- 
tates a genus of diseases. By most, it is consi- 
dered only as a symptom, which may occur in 
many diseases. 

AMNESTIA, Amnesia. 

AMNI TIS, Amnitis. 

AMNIOCLEP'SIS, from Amnt'ot, and «Xnrrw, 
'I steal or take away clandestinely.' Premature 
Moape of the liquor amniL 

AMNIORRHCE'A, from amniot, and f>rw, 'I 
flow.' A premature discharge of the liquor amnii. 

AM'NIOS, Am'niotif Am'niutn, Hym'niumf 
Charta virgin'ea, Armatu'ra, Affni'na membra'nn, 
PeUu'eida memhra'na, Qalea, Scepar'num, Indu'- 
•ficm, Amic'ulum, Memhra'na ftxtutn invoVvens, 
The innermost of the enveloping membranes of 
the foetus : — so called because first observed in 
the sheep, (?) a/in*;, 'a sheep.' It is thin, trans- 
parent, perspirable, and possesses many delicate, 
eolonrless vessels, which have not been injected. 
It is generally considered to be produced by a 
fold of the external layer of the germinal mem- 
brano, rising up, and gradually enveloping the 
embryo. Its external surface is feebly united to 
the ohorioQ by areolar and vaeoalar filaments. 

Its inner surface is polished, and ii in eontaet 
with the body of the foetus and the liqnw amniL 

AMNIONIC ACID, Ae^idum am'niewm vel 
atnniot'icum. A peculiar acid, found by Vanqne- 
lin and Buniva in the liquor amnii of the oow. 

AMXI'TIS, Amnii'ti9y from Amnum and iik, 
inflammation. Inflammation of the Amnion. 

AM(ENOMA'NIA, from ammnue, 'agreeabV 
and mania, A form of mania in which the hal- 
lucinations are of an agreeable character. 

AMOME FAUX, Sison amomum. 

AMO'MUM CARDAMO'MUM, A. repem ten 
raceme' aum, A. verum, Alpin'ia eanianu/mmw^ 
Caro'pif Mato'nia Cardamo'mum, Eletta'ria Car^ 
damn'muMf Cardamo'mum Minue, Lener or offiei* 
nal Car'damum^ (F.) Cardamiwne de la 06te cb 
Malabar, Cardamome, The seeds of thia Eaet 
India plant have an agreeable, aromatie odomv 
and a pungent, grateful taste. They are car- 
minative and stomachic: but are chiefly used 
to give warmth to other remedies. The fknit is 
colled Amomit, Dose, gr. v. to ^j* 

Amomum Curcuma, (^rcumalonga. 

Amomum Oalanga, Maranta O. 

Amomum Granum Paradi'm, Cardtrnto^t 
majutf Meleyuet'ta, Maniguet'ta, Cardamt^i 
pipera'tum, A. majc'imum, (F.) Grainee de Para- 
die. Greater cardamom seeds resemble the last 
in properties. They are extremely hot» and not 
much used. 

Amomum Hirsutux, Costns — a. Montannniy 
see Cassumuniar — a. Pimenta: see Myrtas pi- 
menta — a. Rcpcns, A. cardamomam — a. Sylvee- 
tre, see Cossumunior — a. Zedoaria, Kaempferia 
rotunda — a. Zerumbet, see Cassumuniar. 

Amomum Zin'oibrb, Zin'giher ojtcina'li, ZtV- 
giber album, Z. nigrum, Z, eommu'ni, Zin'nbmrf 
Oingcr, (F.) Gingembre, The U}hite and blmth 
ginger, Z in' fiber fueettm et album, are the rhisoma 
of the same plant, Zin'giber oJicina'U, the dif- 
ference depending upon the mode of preparing 

The odour of ginger is aromatic ; taste wann^ 
aromatic, and acrid. It yields its virtues to 
alcohol, and in a great degree to water. It is 
carminative, stimulant, and sialogogue. 

Preeerred Qinger, Zingib'erie Radix Comdi'tOf 
Radix Zingib'erie condi'ta ex Indid alla'ta, is a 
condiment which possesses all the virtaes of 

Qingcr-Beer Povdere may be formed of wAtIs 
eugar, ^j* and ^g. ginger, gr. v. tuhcarbonate <{^ 
eoda, gr. xxxvj in each blue paper: acid of tar- 
tar, ^iss in each white paper, — for half a pint of 

Oxley*t Concentrated Eeeence of Jamaica Qim- 
ger is a solution of ginger in rtetifi^ spirit, 

AMOR, Love. 

AMORGE. Amurca. 

AMORPHXrS, Anhistous, Anidens. 

AMOSTEUS, Osteocolla. 

AMQUR, Love — a. Phyeique, Appetite, re- 

AMOUREUX (muscle.) Obliquns siperior 

AMP AC, Amp'acue, An East India tree, the 
leaves of which have a strong odour, and are 
used in baths as detergents. A very odoriferoos 
resin is obtained from it. 

AMPAR, Succinum. 

AMPELOCARPUS, Galium aparine. 


tan Creeper, American Ivy, Fiveltaffcd /ry. 
Woody Climber. An indigenous olimbing plant 
Family, VitacesB ; which flowers in July, ft has 
been advised as an expectorant. 

AMPELOS, Vitis yinifera— Sb Agria, Sxymiift 




Idaa, VAodniom Vitifl Id»a— a. Olno> 
■horos, Vitif TinifenL 


AMPHA&I8'T£R0S, AmMa'imt, 'awkward;' 
iiroB c^(t and c^vrspec, ' the left.' Opposed to 

AM PHEMERINOS, Qaotidian. 


AMPHI, fiftf 'both, around, on all sides.' 
Hence, a prefix in many of the following terms. 

AMPHIAM. Opium. 

AMPHL4^RTHRO'SI6, from a/i^i, 'hoth/ and 
afdfM«i(, ' artieulation.' A mixed articulation, 
in which the corresponding snrfhces of bones are 
aaitcd in an intimate manner by an intermediate 
bodj, which allows, howerer, of some slight mo- 
tion. Sueh is the junction of the bodies of the 
▼MtebrsB by means of the intervertebral oar- 
tUagm. This articulation has also been called 
Du^nme <ie Ooniinuiti. The motion it permits 
is bat slight. 



UettrsH'iUt (membrana) the retina, and fi«>aicia, 
'■oftening.' Mollesoenoe or softening of the 

AMPHIBRAN'CHIA, from afi^i, 'around,' 
sad fifoyxia, ' the throat.' Amphibrcn^ehia, The 
toorils and neighbouring parts. — Hippoorates. 


AMPHID'EUM, from a^t, * around,' and htm, 
'I bind.' The outermost margin of tiie cervix 
ateri ; tiie Labiwm vteru 

AMPHIDBXIUS, Ambidexter. 

AMPHIDIARTHRO'SIS, from ofufn, 'about,' 
sad ^^fttccf , 'a moveable joint.' A name given 
I7 Winslow to the temporo-maxillary articula- 
tion, because, according to that anatomist^ it 
fsrtakes bodi of ginglymus and arthrodia. 

AMPHIE8MA CORDIS, Pericardium. 

AMPHIMERINA, Pertnssia— a.Hecticay Heo- 
lie fever. 

AMPHIMERIX08, Qaotidian. 

AKPHION, Maslaeh. 

AMPHIPLBX, PerinsBum. 


AMPHISMELA, Knife, double-edged. 

AMPHISMILB, Knife, double-edged. 

AMPHISPHAL'SIS, OtreHinae'tVo, Oircrni^ 
im^^, from cft^i, 'around/ and a^aXXw, *I wan- 
dsr.' The movement of circumduction used in 
fsdaeing luxations. — Hippocrates. 

AMPHODIPLOPIA, see Diplopia. 

AM'PHORA, per syncop. for a/t^i^opevf, ft<om 
ep^ ' on both sides,' and ^c^m, ' I bear :' because 
it had two hantf es. A liquid measure among 
the aaeienta, containing above seven gallons. 
Also celled Qttadrant'al, Otra'mxMm, Ctiram'niwn, 





AMPLBXUS, Coition. 

AMPLIFICATIO, Platynoeis. 

AMPLIOPIA, Amblyopia. 

AMP08IS, Aaaposis. 

AMPOULES, Bssera. 

AMPUI/LA, (L.) ' A bottle.' A membranous 
big, shaped like a leathern bottle. Bee Cavitas 
BliptJea. In phannacy, a receiver. 

Ahpi^la CmrtXTKUX bbu Chtli, Reeepta- 
€Blam efaylL 


AMPUTATION, Ampmta^tio, from mapafare, 
(«% 'arovidt' wd .pilar*,) 'to oat off.' Apotf- 

omif Apoiom'ia. The operation of separating, by 
means of a cutting instrument, a limb or a part 
of a Umb, or a projecting part, as the mamma, 
penis, Ac, from the rest of the body. In the 
case of a tumour, the term exeUion, removal, or 
extirpationf{ F,)Be§eetton, is more commonly used. 

Amputation, Circular, is that in which the 
integuments and muscles are divided circularly. 

AirpuTATiOH, F£ap, (F.) A.d lambeawe, is when 
one or two flaps are left so as to cover the stamp, 
when the limb has been removed. 

Akputation, Joint, ExarttetUa'tio, (F.) A. 
dan» Tartieje on dans la eontiguiti det membretp 
is when the limb is removed at an articulation. 

Each amputation requires a different process, 
which is described in works on operative surgery. 

Amputation, Spontaneous, See Spontaneous. 

AMULET, Amuletum. 

AMULETTE, Amuletum. 

AMULE'TUM, from amoliri, ' to remove.' An 
AmuUtf Periarn'ma, Apotropa'umf Periap'ton, 
Pkylaet^rion, ApoteMma, Exarte^mOf Alexiea'm 
eum, Prtetertfati'vumfProbatea'nivmf Probcutan'- 
tium, (F.) Amulette, Any image or substance 
worn about the person for the purpose of pre* 
venting disease or danger. 

AMUR'CA, Amur'ga, apofyn. The mare or 
grounds remaining after olives have been crushed 
and deprived of t£eir oil. It has been used aa 
an application to ulcers. 

AMURGA, Amurca. 

AMUSA, Musa Paradisiaca. 

A'MTCE, Amyeha, Amy'xU. Excoriation, Sca- 

AMTCHA, Amyce. 

AMYC'TICA, from oftvirtm, 'I lacerate/ Me- 
dicines which stimulate and vellioate the skin,— 
CsbUub Anrelianus. 

AMTDRIASIS, Mydriasis. 

AMTEL'IA, from a, privative, and ftvtXof, 
'marrow.' A monstrous formation, in which 
there is an absence of spinal marrow. 

AMYG'DALA, same etymon as Amyctica; 
because there seem to be fissures in the shell. 
The Almond, of which there are two kinds; 
Amyg'daliB ama'ra and A. dulcet, (F.) ^manefes 
amiret, and A. doueet, obtained from two varie- 
ties of Amyg'daliu eommunU or A. tati'va, a 
native of Barbary. Nat Ord. Amygdaless. Sex, 
Sytt. Icosandria Monogynia. 

The taste of Amygdcua duleU is soft and sweet; 
that of A. amara, bitter. Both yield, by expres- 
sion, a sweet, bland oil. The bitter almond con- 
tains Prussio acid. They are chiefly used for 
forming emulsions. 

Amto'baljb Pasta, Almond Pawte, a eosmetio 
for softening the skin and preventing chaps, is 
made of bitter almonds, blanched, ^iv, vhite of 
on^ egg f rote water, and rectified tpirit, equal 
parts, or as much as is sufficient 

Amyo'daljb Placbn'ta, Almond Cdke, is the 
cake left after the expression of the oil. The 
gronnd Almond Cake, Almond Povtder, Fari'na 
Amygdala'rum, is used instead of soap for wash- 
ing the handi. 

Amtodala, TonsiL Also, a lobule or promi- 
nence of the oerebellum, so called from its resem- 
blance to an enlarged tonsil. This and its fellow 
of the opposite side form the lateral boundaries 
of tiie anterior extremity of the valley, and are 
in great part covered by the medulla oblongata. 
The AmygdalsB are seated on either side of the 
uvula, in the fourth ventricle. 

AMTODALATUM, Emulsio Amygdalse. 

AMYODALB, Tonsil. 

AMTO'DALIN, Amy^rfalf'naia, Amygdali'na, 
Amyg'daline, A principle contwned In bitter 
almonds, whiA ii prepared by proising the 




Brniaed almonda between heated plates to sepa- 
late the &t oil ; boiling the residue in alcohol ; 
evaporatingf and treating with ether, which pre- 
oipitates the amygdaline in a crystalline powder. 
A weak solution of it> under the influence of a 
small quantity of emuUin or tynapttue, which 
constitutes the larger portion of the pulp of al- 
monds, yields at once oil of bitter almonds and 
hydrocyanic acid. 

AMYGDALITIS, Gynanche tonsillaris. 

AMTODALUS, see Amygdala. 

Amyodalus Commuhis, see Amygdala. 

Am yo'daJjUS Pbr'biga, Per'^iea vulga'rit. The 
common peach-tretf (F.) Picker, The leaves and 
flowers have been considered laxative. They are 
bitter and aromatic, and have been given in hse- 
matoria, nephritis, Ac The fruit is one of the 
pleasant and wholesome summer fruits, when 
ripe. The kernels, Amyg'daUR Per'nea, as well 
as the flowers, contain prussic acid. 

Peach Brandy is distilled from the fruit, and 
is much used in the United States. 

AMYGMOS, Scarification. 

AMYLA'CEA {remedia), from amylumy 'starch.' 
Remedies whose chief medicinal constituent is 

AMYLEON, Amylum. 

AMYLI lODIDUM, Starch, iodide of— a. 
loduretum, Starch, iodide of. 

A'MYLUM, A'midum, Fee'ula, Amy V eon, 
AmyVion, from a, priv., and /ivAiy, 'a mill,* be- 
cause made wiUiout a mill. Sta re ^i (E. ) Amidon, 
Amy Ion, Starch of Wheat, Fari'na, Trit'ici/arV- 
na, Amylum tritV'ceum seu Trit'ici, Fec'ula Amy- 
la'eea, is inodorous and insipid, white and fria- 
ble. It is insoluble in cold water and alcohol, 
but forms with boiling water a strong, semi-trans- 
parent jelly. It is demulcent and is used as an 
emollient glyster, and as the vehicle for opium, 
when given oer anum. Starch is met with abun- 
duitiy in all the cereal grains, in the stalks of 
many of the palms, in some lichens, and in many 
tuberous roots, particularly in the bulbs of the 

AxTLUV AvBRiGANUV, scc Arrow root — ^a. Can- 
naceum, Tous-lee-moie — a. lodatum, Starch, 
iodide of — a. Manihotioum, see Jatropha mani- 
hot — a. Marantacoum, Arrow-root — a. Palma- 
ceum, Sago — a. Quemeum, Racohout. 

A'MYON, from a, priv., and /ivov, 'a muscle,' 
Sfmwcula'ttu, Without muscle. Applied to the 
limbs, when so extenuated that the muscles can- 
not be distingnished. 

AMYOSIS, SynezUis. 


Au'tris Elbmif'sba, ^F.) BaUamier EUmi- 
flre, Nat, Ord, TerebinthaoesB. Sex, Syet, 
Octandria Monogynia. The plant whence it has 
been supposed Gum Elb'xi is obtained. This 
gum or resin is brought from the Spanish East 
and West Indies. BraMUian Elemi, according 
to Dr. Boyle, is produced by Idea loieariba; 
Mexican JBlemi, hy Ela'phrium elemi/erum; and 
Manilla Elemi, by Cana'rium commu'ni. It is 
loftish, transparent, of a pale whitish colour, in- 
clining a little to green, and of a strong, though 
not unpleasant smelL It is only used in oint- 
ments and plasters, and is a digestive. 

Amtris GiLBADBHSis, SCO A oDobalsamum. 

Ax'trii Opobal'samum, (F.) BaUamier de la 
Meeque, Bal'ecm, Bal'eamum, The plant from 
which is obtained the Balsaic or Mecca, Bal'- 
$amum genui'num antiquo'mm, BaUamda'on, 
^gyptiaeum Bal'aamum, Bal'eamum Atiat'ieum, 
B, Juda'icum, B, Syriacum, B, e Meeed, Coeo- 
bal'eamum, B, Alpi'ni, Oleum Bal'eami, Opohal*- 
aamum, Xytohafftamwi^ Baham or Bolm rf Oi- 

lead, (F.) Baumc Blanc, B, dc CongUmtinopU 
blanc, jB. de Oalaad, B, du Grand Oaire, B, Frot^ 
Tiribinthine de GiUad, T. cTjSgyptc, T. du Oramd 
Kaire, T. de Judie, A resinous juice obtained 
by making incisions into Amyrie opohal'eamum 
and A. Gileaden'eit of LinnsDus, Balmimaden'drcm 
Gileaden'ei of Kunth. . The juice of the fruit ii 
called CarpobaVeamum; that of the wood and 
branches j[ylobal'§amum. It has the graiaral 
properties of the milder Terebinthinates. 

Amyris Tombntosum, Fagara octandra. 

AMYRON, Garthamus Tinctorius. 

A'MYUS, from a, privative, and /tvf , ' a moosa^ 
a muscle.' Weak or poor in muscle. 

AMYX'IA, from a, privative, and fiv^a, 'WM^ 
cus.' Deficiency of mucus. 

AMYXIS, Amyce, Scarification. 

ANA, ava, a word which signifies 'of eadu' 
It is used in prescriptions as well as i and ftft, its 
abbreviations. As a prefix to words, it meana 
' in,' ' through,' ' upwards,' * above,' in oppositioii 
to cata; also 'repetition,' like the English re. 
Hence, — 

ANAB'ASIS, firom avafiaivu, 'I ascend.' Th« 
first period of a disease, or that of increase- 
Galen. See Augmentation. 

ANABEXIS, Expectoration. 

ANABLEP'SIS, from avoi 'again,' and pXtwm, 
' I see.' Restoration to sight 

ANABOL^'ON, AnaboU'ue, from avaficX)<m, 'I 
cast up.' An ointment for extracting darts or 
other extraneous bodies. 

ANAB'OLE, from awa, 'upwards,' and ^oXXm, 
'I cast' Anago'gl, Anaph'ora, Anaeine'ntap 
Anacine'eie, An evacuation upwards. An act 
by which certun matters are ejected by the 
mouth. In common acceptation it includes, «»• 
epuition, expeetorcUion, regurgitation, and vomif- 

ANABROGHIS'MUS, Anabron'ehiemue, front 
ava, 'with,' and fi^x^^* ** running knot' An 
operation for removing Uie eye-lashes, for exam- 
ple, when they irritate the eye, by means of ft 
hair knotted around them — Hippocrates, Gale% 
Gelsus, Ac. 

ANABRONGHISMUS, Anabrochismns. 

ABABROSIS, Corrosion, Erosion. 

ANACAMPSEROS, Sedum telephium. 

ocoidenta'lia, Cateu'vium pomif'erum, Caehew 
( W, Indiee.) (F.) Ac'ajou, Nat, Ord, Terebin- 
thacesd. Sex, Syet. Enneandria Monogynik 
The Oil of the Oaehew Nut, O'leum Anaear'dii, 
(F.) Huile d' Acajou, is an active caustic, and used 
as such in the countries where it grows, especially 
for destroying warts, Ac 

Anacabdium Orlbntalb, Avicennia tomen- 

ANAGATHAR'SIS, from ava, 'upwards,' and 
ira^aipnv, 'to purge.' Purgation upwards. Ex- 
pectoration. See, also, Repuigatio. 

Amacatharsis Catarrhalis Szmplxx, Gi^ 


ANACESTOS, Incurable. 

ANACHREMPSIS, Exspuition. 


ANACINEMA, Anabole, Exspuition. 

ANACINESIS, Anabole, Exspuition. 

ANACLASIS, Repercussion. 

ANAGLINTE'RIUM, Anaclin'trum, BeeuU- 
to'rium, from avaxXivf*, ' I recline.' A long chair 
or seat, so formed that the person can rest in A 
reclining posture. 

ANACLINTRUM, Anaclinterinm. 

ANAGOLLE'MA, from ava, 'together, and 
mXAaw, ' I glue.' A healing medicine. 

Ahacollbxata, Frontal Mnd|i|se8. 




AKAC0LT7PTA. A ereeping plant of Mala- 
bar, the jaiee of which, mixed with powdered 
pepper, panes in India as a cure for epilepsy, 
and as the only remedy for the bite of the ni^a. 
It is supposed to be Zapa'nia nodi/U/ra, 

ANACOLUTHlEy Inooherenoe. 

ANAGOMIDB. Restanratio. 



ANACTBSIS, Restanratio. 

AKACTIRION, Artemisia. 

AKACTCLBON, Charlatan. 

BIS Pyrethnun — a. Pyrethnun, Anthemis pyre- 


ANADIPL(VSI8, from a^, 'again,' and acrXoM, 
' I doable.' EpanadipU/ntf Bpanaiep'tUf Hedu- 
pfieaftio. The redonMing which ocenrs in a 
paroxysm of an intermittent^ when its type is 
doable. — Galen, Alexander of Tralles. 

AKADORA, Bcdora. 

AXAD'OSIS, from aya^t^^i, <I distribute.' 
Porgation upwards, as by yomiting. Congestion 
of blood towards the upper parts of the body. 
Amadons seems also to have occasionally meant 
ehyliileation, whilst diadtm* meant capillary nu- 
tritioa, — Hippocrates, Galen. 

ANAIKROME, from ava, * upwards,' and 4^^m, 
' I ran.' The transport of a humour or pain from 
a lower to an upper part — Hippocr. Also, the 
l^obus hystericus. 

ASMlXBfXSSj from cv, privatiTe, and miiota, 
'organs of generation.' A monster dcToid of 
iexual organs. 

ANAMATOPOIE'SIS, from «, «», priratiTe, 
'cific 'blood,' and «•««, 'I make.' Impeded or 
obetrneied hsBmatosis. 

ANAMATO'SIS, AaiUemato'Mf, from a, w, 
priTatire, and 'ac/ta, 'blood.' Defectiye hsema- 
losis or preparation of the blood. Ansemia. 

ANA'^flA, EztB'mia, Am'wuuu, AfJ^mia, 
AnAawuiU/nM, Polganka'mia, Anamo^tit, Oligd^- 
mia, Oligck^mioy Hyp^'miOf HydnxB'mioj By- 
drm'wtia, An^wtia, (F.) AnSmie, Polyanhiintet 
BydrphfmUf Bxaanyuinityf Bloodlemntm : from 
m, prir., and '«/(a, ' blood.' Privation of blood ; 
— the opposite to plethora. It is characterized 
by erety sign of debility. Also, dimhiished quan- 
tity of flvid^ in the capillary vessels : — ^the oppo- 
site to Hmr^mia, — The essential character of 
the blood in ansemia is diminution in the ratio 
•f red eorpascles. 

AKJB'MIC, Anemfic, An^micuM; same ety- 

Appertaining to Ansemia, — as an " aikstaie 
psnon ;" " ananUe urine." 

ANiBMOCH'ROCS, from a, av, privative, 'ai^a, 
'bloody' and ^pso, 'colour.' Devoid of colour, 

ANAM08IS, AnsBmia. 

AK^MOT'ROPHY, Anmmotropk'ia: from av, 
privative, 'aiM«> 'blood,' and rpo^7, 'nourish- 
ments' A deficiency of sanguineous nourishment. 
— Proat 

ANiEMYDRIA, Anhydrsmia. 

AN^SSTHE'SIA, AtuttJWM, IfuetmUVitat, 
Anaigm^n'oy Paraj/tu exper§y (F.) AnesthSne : 
from m, privative, and atoBavo^at, * I feel.' Pri- 
vation of sensation, and especially of that of touch, 
according to some. It may be general or partial, 
and is almost always symptomatic 

Arjbstbesia LaavM, Ageustia — il Olfaotoria, 

AK.fi8THE8IS, Anasthesia. 

AN^STHET'IC, Auettheeie, Ana^thefieut, 
A mmtt k h ique ; same etvmon. as AntBtthetia. Re- 
lating to privation of feeling, as an " an««f JUfte 
Hgmt;" one that prevents feeling, as ohlorofonn 

inhaled during a surgical operatioB. IHffirwii 
agents have been used as aasesthetics, — sulphnrio 
etiier, chloroform, chloric ether, compound ether, 
chlorohydrio and nitric ethers, bisulphuret of 
carbon, chloride of defiant gas, bensin, aide* 
hyde, light coal-tar naphtha, Ac ; but the first 
four are alone employed as agents. 

same etymon. The condition of the nervous sya* 
tem induced by ansBsthetics. 

AN^STHISIA, InsensibiUty. 

ANAGAL'LI8, from m, and yaXo, 'milk/ 
fit>m its power of coagulating milk. A. orven'm, 
A. PAam*c"«a, Bed Pim'pemel, Scarlet Pimper^ 
neL NtU, Ord, PrimulaoesB. Sex. Syet, Pen^ 
tandria Monogynia. (F.) Mouron rouge. A 
common European plant ; a reputed antispasmo- 
dic and stomachic 

Another species — Anttgalflu emmflea is a mere 
variety of the above. 

AKA0ALLI8 Aqvatica, Vcronioa Beecabungai 




ANAGLYPHE, Calamus scriptorius. 

ANAGOGE, Anabole, Rejection. 

AKAGRAPHE, Prescription. 

ANAG'YRIS, Ana^yrut, Ae'omm, Amag'yrit 
foe'tida. Stinking Bean TrtfoiL Native of Italy. 
The leaves are powerfully purgative. The juice 
is said to be diuretic, and Uie seeds emetic. — ^Di- 
oscorides, Paulns. 

ANAGYRUS, Anagyris. 

ANAL, Ana7i>. That which refers to the 
anus ; — as Anal region^ Ac. 

ANAL'DIA, (F.) Analdie; from «, privative^ 
and aX^ciy, ' to grow.' Defective nutrition. 

ANALEMSIA, Analepsia. 

ANALENTIA, Analepsia. 

ANALEP'SIA, Analep^nt, Analen'Ha, Ana- 
lem'eia, from ava, 'fresh,' and Xaftfiatav, 'to take.' 
Restoration to strength after disease. — Galen. A 
kind of sympathetic ^ilepsy, originating from 
gastrio disorder. See Epilepsy. 

Also, the support given to a fractured extre- 
mity ; — Appen'eio, — Hippocrates. 

ANALfiPSIS, Convalescence, Restanratio. 

ANALEP'TICA, Anapegc'tiea, Peyohot'iea, 
Befeeti'va, Beficien'tia, Analep'tiee, same ety- 
mon. Restorative medicines or food; such as 
are adapted to recruit the strength daring con- 
valescence : — as sago, salep, tapioca, jelly, Ac 

Analkptic Pills, James's, consist of Jame9*t 
Powder, Oum Ammoniaeum, and Pille of Alo9§ 
and Myrrk, equal parts, with TinHure of CkutoTg 
sufficient to form a mass. 

ANALGE'SIA, AnaVgiOy from a, ^v., and 
aXyo(, 'pain.' Absence of pain both in health 
and disease. See Anaesthesia. 

ANALGIA, Analgesia. 

AN'ALOGUE, AnaVogue; from ova, 'again/ 
and Xoyof, ' a description.' A part in one orga- 
nized being which has the same function as ano- 
ther part in another organised being. 


ANAL08IS, Atrophy. 

ANALTESIS, Restanratio. 

ANALTHE6, Incurable 

ANAMIRTA COCCULUS, Menispermum eoo- 
culus — a. Paniculata, Menispermum cocculus. 

ANAMNES'TIC,* Anamnet^tieum, from av, 
' again/ and ftvaonat, ' I remember.' A medicine 
for improving the memory. Bee, also. Comme- 

ANANAS, Bromelia ananas-— a. Aculeata, Bro- 
melia ananas — a. Americana, Bromelia pingnia 
— a. Ovata, Bromelia ananas — Wild, broad- 
leaved, Bromelia pingnin. 




ANANAZIP'TA. A word formerly senwled 
on amulets to ohurm away diseaae. 

ANANDRFA, from a, av, priratiTe, and avnft 
'a man.' Want of manliness. Impotence in the 
male. The state and act of emaeoolation. 

ANANEO'SIS, Renova'tio; from ava, 'again/ 
and vtoi, * new.' Renovation or renewaJ, — as of 
the blood by the obyliferous vessels and lym- 

ANAPETI'A, Expan'no mea'tnum, Arom avoj 
and vtraUf *1 dilate.' A state opposite to the 
elosnre of vessels — Galen. 

amfaXamaSf * bald.' Loss of the hair of the eye- 
brows. Also, baldness in general. 

ANAPHALANTOMA, Anaphalantiasis. 

ANAPHE, Anaphia. 

ANAPH'IA, Ankaph'tOf An'aphif Arom a, av, 
prir.f and 'a^^, 'touch.' Diminution or privation 
of Uie sense of touch. 

ANAPHLA8MUS, Masturbation. 

ANAPHONE'SIS, from ava^ 'high/ and <p»ini, 
'voice.' Exercise of the voice: vociferation: — 
the act of crying out Voei/eraUio, Clamor, 

ANAPHORA, Anabole. 

ANAPHRODIS'IA, from a, priv., and A^po- 
6trn, 'Venus/ De/ee'tut Ven'erit. Absence of the 
Tonereal appetite. Sometimes used for Impotence 
•nd SterilUy. 

ANAPHRODISIAC, Antaphrodisiao. 

ANAPHROMELI, Mel despumatum. 

ANAP'LASIS, AnapUumuM, from avawXaewg, 
'1 restore.' GoiiJirma'tiOf Repon"tio, Restora- 
tion. Union or consolidation of a fractored bone 


ANAPLASMUS, Anaplasis. 

ANAPLAS'TIG, Anapku'tieue; same etymon. 
An epithet applied to the art of restoring lost 
parts, or the normal shape — as ' Anaplaetic Sur- 
gery.' See Morioplastice. Also an agent, that 
mcreases the amount of plastic matter — ^fibrin — 
in the blood ; Anapkumat'ic, 

ANAPLERO'SIS, from arairXi;po», 'I fill up.' 
Repletion. That part of surgical therapeutics 
whose object is to supply parts that are wanting. 
Also, Appoeition or Proetheeie. 


ANAPLEU'SIS, Fluctua'tio, Innata'tio, from 
•voirAciv, 'to swim above/ The looseness or 
■baking of an exfoliated bone ; or of a carious or 
Other tooth, Ac. — Hippocrates, Paulus. 

ANAPL0SI8, Growtii. 

ANAPNEUSIS, Respiration. 

ANAPNOE, Respiration. 

ANAPNOENU'SI; from Anapnolf, 'respira- 
tion,' and voviosy disease.' Diseases of the re- 
spiratory organs. 

ANAPNOMETER, Spirometer. 

ANAPODISIS UTERI, Retroversio Uteri. 

ANAPODISMUS UTERI, Retroversio Uteri. 

phyllum peltatum. 

ANAP'OSIS, Am'poete, from ava, 'again,' and 
maif, ' drink.' A recession of humours from the 
circumference to the centre of the body — Hippo- 

ANAPSE, Auante. 

ANAPSIA, CsBcitas. 

ANAP8YCTICA, Analeptica. 

ANAPTYSIS, Expectoration. 


ANARCOTINA, Narcotine. 

ANARRHEGXU'MINA, from avap^ywitt, *l 
hnak out again.' Fractures are so called when 
tiiey become disunited ; as well as ulcers when 
they break out afresh. 

ANABBHI'NON, from om, 'upwards/ and 

ptVf 'the nose.' That which returns by the noso 
— Gorrseus. 

According to others, that which issaos by tlio 
skin ; from ava, uid pivs, ' the skin.' 

ANARRHINUM, Sternutatory. 

ANARRHOE, Anarrhoea. 

ANARRH(E'A, Anar'rhog, Anarrh/pia, 
AnoM'tatUf from ava, 'upwards,' and pew, 'I flow/ 
Afflux of fluid towards the upper part of (ho 

ANARRHOPHE, Absorption. 

ANARRHOPHENU'SI ; from anarrkoj^, 
'absorption,' and vovaof, 'disease.' Disoases of 
the absorbents. 


ANARRHOPIA, Anarrhoea. 

ANAR'THRUS, from av, priv., and apSfw, 'a 
joint.' Without a joint One who is so fat that 
his joints are scarcely perceptible — Hipp. 

ANASAR'CA, from ava, ' through,' and rap^ 
' the flesh.' Anaearch'cif Cataear'caf Aqua inter^ 
etu seu iiiter eufem, Hypoear'caf Hydrope teliu- 
la'rie totiue eor'porie, Ja» Anaear'ea, H, inter'eut 
seu eubcuta'neue seu eellulo'ette seu cuta'neue sen 
teUs cellulo'etBf Kataear'eay Epxeareid'ivm, Hy*- 
dero9f Hydaton'eue, Hyderon'eu9f JSydron'etu, 
HydroeaPeaf Hydroder'maf Hydrop'ieie vera, 
Sar'citea, Polylym'phia, Hypotarcid'iu; Leuco- 
phUgma'tia, General dropey, Dropey of the cel- 
lular membrane, (F.) Ancuarque, Commonly, it 
begins to manifest itself by swelling around the 
ankles ; and is eharactericed by tumefisLotion of 
the limbs and of the soft parts covering the ab- 
domen, thorax, and even the face, with paleness 
and dryness of the skin, and pitting when any 
of these (especially the ankles) are pressed upon. 
Like dropsy in general. Anasarca may be acltM 
or paeeive; and its treatment must be regulated 
by the rules tbat are applicable to general dropsy. 
At times, the symptoms are of an acute character, 
and the efi'usion sudden, constituting Derma- 
toek'yeiSf Hydrope Anaear'ea aeu'tue, (Ed^ma 
eal'tdum, (E. aeu'ttim, OS. febri'U of some. 6eo 

Anasarca Htbtericuv, Anathymiasis — a. 
Pulmonum, Hydropneumonia, (Edema of tho 
Lungs — a. Serosa, Phlegmatia dolens. 

ANASARCHA, Anasarca. 

A NA SARQ UE, Anasarca. 

ANASISMUS, Concussion. 

ANASPADIA, see Anaspadissus. 

ANASPA'DIAS, Epiepa'diae, from ova, 'up- 
wards,' and (nraw, ' I draw.' One whose urethra 
opens on the upper surface of the penis. 

ANASPADI8IS, see Anaspadieus. 

ANASPADISMUS, see Anaspadiaus. 

ANAS' PA SIS, Antupaem'fu, from ayarran, 'I 
contract' Retrac'tio. Contraction, especially of 
the bowels. The condition is called Anaepa'dia, 
Anafipad'Uin, and Anaepadia^mut — Hippocrates. 

ANASPASMUS, Anaspasis. 

ANASSA, Bromelia ananas. 


AN A STASIS, Anarrhoea. Also, restoration 
from sickness. Convalescence. 

ANAST(ECnEI0'SI8, from ava, 'again/ and 
oToi;^c{oy, 'element' Reilementa'tio. Resolu- 
tion of a body or its parts into their elements — 

ANASTOMO'SIS, fi^m ava, 'with/ and vrofta, 
'a mouth.' Inoecula'tto sou Reu'nio vato'rum, 
Bxanaetomo'ne, Coneur'eue, (F.) Ahonchement. 
Communication between two vessels. By consi- 
dering the nerves to be channels, in which a 
nervous fluid circulates, their communication like- 
wise has been called Anaetomoeie. By means of 
anastomoses, if the course of a fluid be arreted 
in one vessel^ it can prooeed along otheta. 




AvASTovotiB AnvBiiM ATIOA, TelangfoetMia 
^-A. Jftcubson's ; — see Petrosal gaogUon. 

ANASTOMOT'ICS, AnoMtomot'iea, Same ety- 
mon. Certain mcdieines were formerly lo oalledt 
which were believed to be capable of opening the 
moathfl of vessels : — as aperients, diuretics, Ac. 

(F.) Artire eoUaUraU interne, A. eollaUraU du 
eenke, ia n branch of the brachial artery whioh 
Mmes off a little above the elbow, and bestows 
branches to the braehialia intemus, to the under 
edge of the trioepe , and to the muscles, ligaments, 
Jte., about the elbow joint* See^ also. Articular 
arteries of the knee. 
ANASTROPHE UTERI, InTeraio uteri. 
AKATASIS, Extension. 
ANATHTMIAMA, Anathymiasia. 
ANATHTMI'ASIS, Anatkjfmi'amoy from «m, 
'upwards/ and Ov^c, 'fumigation/ OEde'wMfu' 
fotc, CEde'wta eptu'tumm, (Ede'ma kyeter*itum, 
Amaaar'ca hyeter'ieum. An uncertain and tran- 
sioit swelling or inflation, said to have been ob- 
served at times in nervous and hysterical per- 
sona. It al^o means Exhalation, Fumigation, and 
Hypoehon driasia. 
AN ATOMS, Anatomy— a. Animata, Phyri- 

AN ATOMIA, Anatomy — ^a. Animalis, Zootomy 
— a. Comparata, Zootomy — a. Comparativa, Zo- 
otomy — a. Vivay Physiology. 

ANATOMIE, Anatomy — a. ChintrgicaU, see 
Anatomy— HDk dee Mi^one, see Anatomy. 

ANAT'OMIST, AntUom'icue. One who oo- 
enpies himself with anatomy. One versed in 

ANAT'OMY, AacU'omi, Anaiom'ia, Proeeeftio, 
from avw, and rt/ivuvf 'to out^' (F.) Anaiomie. 
The word Anatomy properly signifies dittecltoii / 
bat it h«a been appropriated to the study and 
knowledi^ of the number, shape, situation, stme- 
ture^ and connexion, — in a word, of all the appa- 
rent properties of organiEcd bodies. Anatomy is 
the scien ce of organization. Some have given the 
term a still more extended acoeptation, implying 
it to evesry mechanical decomposition, even of in- 
organic lM>dies. Thus, Cryetatlograpky has been 
termed the Anatou^ of crystallised minerals. 
Anatomy has also been called Morphtd'ogyf So- 
matoVo^jjft Somalot'amyf OrganoVogjff Ac. It as- 
sumes different names according as the study is 
•onflned to one organised being, or to a species or 
elass of beings. Thus, Aadrot'omy, otAntkropo^- 
emUf or A,nikropog*raj^y, or Antkropoeomatol'ogyf 
is the Anatomy of man: — ZoStomy, that of the other 
species of the animal kingdom : and Vet'erinary 
Anatomy is the anatomy of domestic animals: 
hot when the word is used abstractly, it means 
human Anatomy t Mid particularly the study of 
the organs in a physiological or healthy state. 
Pkyeiologieal Anatomy is occasionally used to 
signify the kind of anatomy which investigates 
simetnre with a special view to function. The 
Anatomy of the diseased human body is called 
Patholo^'ical or Morbid Anatomy , and when ap- 
plied to Medical Jurisprudence, ForeWeie Anat- 
omw. Several of the organs possessing a simi- 
lan^ of structure, and being formed of the same 
tissues, they have been grouped into Systems or 
Genera of Organs ; and the study of, or acquaint- 
ance wiUi, such systems, has been c»idled General 
Anat'omyf HietoVogy, or JforpKot'omyf whilst the 
itady of each organ in particular has been termed 
Deerriptive Anatomy, niettAogy is, however, more 
frequently applied to the Anolomy of ike Tieeuetf 
which is esllod, also, Tex*tural and Mieroeeopie 
Anatomy. Descriptive Auatomy has been di- 
vided into SkeUtoVogy which comprises OeUoV' 

ogy, and Sjndeemol'oigy / and into SareoFogyf 
which is subdivided into Myol'ogy, NeuroVogy^ 
Angiol'ogy, Adenoi'ogy, Spianehnol'ogy, andDer- 
mol'ogy, Sur'gieal Anatomy , Medico^ Chiurgieal 
An€Uomyf Topograph' teal Anat'omyf Re'gioneU 
Anat'omy, (F.) AnolosiM OkiurgieeUe, A. dee Ri^ 
gione, is the paitieular and relative study of the 
bones, muscles, nerves, vessels, Ac, with whieh 
it is indispensable to be aoquainted before per- 
forming operations. Chmpar'ative Anafomy ia 
the comparative study of each organ, with a view 
to an acquaintance with the modifications of Ito 
•trueture in different animals or in the different 
classes of animals. JSremeeendentfal or Pkiloeophf^ 
ieal Anatomy inquires into the mode, plan, or 
model upon which the animal frame or organs 
are formed ; and Artifi'eial Anatfomy is the art 
of modelling and representing in wax or other 
substanoe, the different organs or different pafta 
of the human body, in the sound or diseased statt. 
Phytotfomy is the anatomy of vegetables, and 
Pieto'rial Anatomy, anatomy artisticaUy illus- 

Anatomy, Abtifioial, see Anatomy — a. Com- 
parative, see Anatomy, Zootomy — a. Descriptive, 
see Anatomy — a. Forensic, see Anatomy — a. Ge- 
neral, see Anatomy — a. Human, see Anatomy — 
a. of Man, see Anatomy — a. Medioo-ehimrgieal, 
see Anatomy — a. Microscopic, see Anatomy — a. 
Morbid, see Anatomy — a. Pathological, see Anat- 
omy — a. Philosophieal, see Anatomy — a. Physi- 
ological, see Anatomy — a. Pictorial, see Anatomy 
— a. Practical, see Dissection — a. Regional, see 
Anatomy — a. Surgical, see Anatomy*— a. Teil- 
tural, see Anatomy — a. Topographical, see Anat- 
omy — a. Transcendental, see Anatomy — a. Vet- 
erinary, see Anatomy. 
ANATON, Soda. 
ANATREPSIS, Restanratio. 
ANATRESIS, Perforation, Trepanning. 
ANATRIBE, Friction. 
ANATRIPSI6, Friction. 
ANATRIPSOL'OGY, Anatripeolog'*ia, Anm- 
tripioU>g"ia, frxun avarfit/^aif, ' friction,' and \eyet, 
'a discourse.' A treatise on friction as a r^ 
ANATRIPTOLOGIA, Anatripsology. 
ANATRON, Natrum, Soda. 
AN AT'ROPE, from ova, ' upwards,' and rpnie, 
'I turn.' Subversion. A turning or subver- 
sion or inverted action of the stomach, eharae- 
terized by nausea, vomiting, Ac. — Galen. We 
still speak of the stomach taming against any 
ANAUDIA, Catalepsy, Mutitaa. 
ANAXYRIS, Rumex aoetoea. 
ANAZESIS, Ebullition. 
ANAZOTURIA, see Urine. 
ANCHA, Haunch. 
— a. Inoamata, A. Officinalis — a. Lycopsoides, A. 

Ahcbu'sa OFnciKALis, A, Angiteti/o'lia sen 
Ineama'ta seu LycopeoVdeej Aloa'nOf Lingua 
JBovie, Bugloe'eum eylve^tri, Offic"inal or Qardtm 
AVkanet or Bftgloee ; JVaf. Orcf. BoraginesB. Sex, 
Syet. Pentandria Monogynia. (F.) Bngloee, 
A native of Great Britain. The herb was for- 
merly estaemed as a cordial in melancholia and 
hypochondriasis ; but it is now rarely used. It 
is also called Bvgloe^ea, Bugloe'eum angwtifo*^ 
Hum majuef B. vulga'ri majue, B. eati'vum, 

Ahcbu'sa Tihcto'bia, Alcan'na epu'ria, Vy. 
er'e Bugloee, Ane'Hum, Bugloe'eum TVncto'rweu 
Litho^l>er*mum villo'eum, Dver^e Al'kanet, {¥,) 
Orcanette. A European plant. The medical 




propertSef are eqniroeaL It is lued to gire a 
MMitifiil red oolonr to omtrntnts. 

ANCHYLOSIS, Ankylotu. 

ANCISTRON, Hunnliu. 

ANCOLIEf AqoilegU mlgarii. 

ANCOX, Elbow, Olecranon. 

ANGONAD, see Aneonal Aspect 

AXCONAGRA, Pechyagra. 

ANCO'NAL; from «ycMy,<the elbow/ Relat- 
\gk%, or appertaining to, the elbow or the olecranon. 

Ancojial Aspkct. An aspect towards the side 
on which the aneon or elbow is situated. — Bar- 
day. Aneo'ntid is used by the same writer ad- 
Terbially, to signify 'towards the anoonal aspect' 

AN00S6, Anoonens. 

ANGONE'US, from cycwv, ' the elbow.' A term 
once applied to erery moscle attached to the ole- 
eranon. Winslow distinguished foar : — the artaty 
mxtemalf iuttmaif and tmall; the first three being 
portions of the same mnscle, the trieept braekia- 
lu. The last has, alone, retained the name. It 
is the Aneone'ut minor of Winslow, the Ancone'mf 
Tel Cubita'li* RiOLA'jri of Donglas, the Epicon- 
dwlo-Cubita'li9 of Chanssier, the Brerit Cu'bitiy 
{¥.) AnconSy and is sitnate at the npper and hsek 
part of the fore-arm. It arises from the external 
eondyle of the os humeri, and is inserted into 
the posterior edge of the npper third of the ulna. 
Its use is to aid in the extension of the fore-arm. 

Akcoxeus Extebxcs, see Triceps extensor 
eabiti — a* Intemus, see Triceps extensor cubiti 
—a. Mi^or, see Triceps extensor cubiti. 

ANCTE'RES. FibuUs or Olaspty by which 
the lips of wounds were formerly kept together. 
— Celsus, Oalen. 


ANCU'BITUS, Peirifac'tio. An affecHon of 
the eye, in which there is a sensation as if sand 
were irritating the organ. 

ANCUNNUEN'T^ A name formerly given 
to menstruating females. 

ANGUS, Ankua, from aycwy, 'the elbow.' One 
who cannot extend his arms completely. 

Also, the deformi^ resulting from a luxation 
•f the humerus or fore-arm. — Hippocrates. 

AKGYLE, Ankylosis. 

ANCYLOBLEPHARON, Ankyloblepharon. 

ANCYLODERE, Torticollis. 


ANGYLODONTIA, Ankylodontia. 

AKGYLOGLOSSIA, Ankyloglossia. 

AKCYLOMELE, Ankylomele. 

ANGYLOMERISMUS, Ankylomerismus. 

ANCYL0SI8, Ankylosis. 

ANGYLOTOMUS, Ankylotomus. 

ANGYRA, Hook. 

ANCYROID CAVITY. Digital cavity. 


ANDA. A tree of Brasil; — Anda Govte'tii, 
Joanne'tta princept. Nat, Ord. Euphorbiacea?. 
Sex. Stftt. Monoccia Monadelphia. An oil is 
obtained from the seeds by pressure, 50 to 60 
drops of which act as a cathartic. The fruit is 
an oval nut, containing two seeds. These have 
the taste of the chestnut; but are strongly ca- 
thartic, and oven emetic. The shell is astrin- 
gent, and is used as such in diarrhopa, Ac, 

dely is in France, near Oysore, and eight leagues 
from Rouen. The water is cold, and a weak cha- 
lybeate. It is used in chlorosis uid abdominal 

ANDERSON'S PILLS, PUul» Aloes et Ja. 

ANDIRA IBAI, Geoffnea Vermifugar— a. In- 
ormis, Geoffnea inermis — a. Racemosa, Geoffnea 
inermis — a. Surinamensis, Geoffnea Surinamensis. 

ANDRACHAHARA, Sempenrivum tectomm. 

ANDRACHKE, AHbotiis nodo, Portnlaea. 

ANDRANATOM'IA, Audramafomi, Amdro- 
tom'tOy AndrofowOy AutUropot'omy, from «v^ 
genitive avift, * a man,' and rqamv, 'to oat' Tho 
anatomy of man. 

ANDRFA. Adult age. Hanhood. 

Ahdbi'a Mu'li», MmiUr Btrmapkrodi^ietu 
A female hermaphrodite. 

ANDROGEN'IA, from «*^ 'man,' and ytwns, 
' generation.' The procreation of males. — Hip- 

ANDROG'TNUS, from «y«f, 'a man,' and 
yvrv, * a woman.' A hermaphrodite. An «ffo- 
minate person. — Hippocrates. 

ANDR0LEP8IA, Conception. 

ANDROMANIA, Nymphomania. 

Sour Tree, Sour Wood, Elk Tree, Elk Wood, 
Sorrtl Woody Sour Leafy (F.) Andromidier, A 
small indigenous tree; Nat, Ord. Ericese, Ao; 
Sytt. Decandria Monogynia ; found in the iUle- 
ghany Mountains and the hills and valleys di- 
verging from them, as far as the southern limits 
of Georgia and Alabama; but seldom north of 
Virginia. The leaves are refrigerant and astrin- 
gent, and have been used to make a kind of le- 
monade, which has been given in fevers. 

Axdbok'eda Maria'xa, Broad-leaved Moor^ 
wort, A decoction of this American plant is 
said to have been suceessfhlly employed as a 
wash, in a disagreeable affection, — ^not uncommon 
amongst the sUves in the souUiem parts of tho 
United Stotes,— caUed the Toe Itek, and Oroumd 
Itck, — Barton. 

— a. Citratns, Juncus odoratus — a. Citriodom% 
Juncus odoratus, Nardns Indica — a. Nardus, Ca- 
lamus Alexandrinus, Nardns Indica — a. Selioe- 
nanthus, Juncus odoratus. 

ANDR08AGE, Umbilicus marinns— a. Mat- 
thioli. Umbilicus marinns. 

ANDROSJSMUM, Hypericum perforatnm. 

ANDROTOMY, Andranatomia. 

ANDRUM. An East India word, latinised 
by Kscmpfer, signifying a kind of elephantiads 
of the scrotum, endemic in southern Asia. 

AnHaNTISSEMENT {Y,\ VtYium exHm/. 
tio. This word is often employed hyperbolically, 
by patients in France, to signify excessive fatiguOi 
debilitv or svncope. 

ANEBIUM. Anchusa tinctoria. 

AXEBUS. Iropuber. 

ANEGPYE'TUS. from «y, for awn, 'without,' 
and rvrw, ' I promote suppuration.' That which 
does not suppurate, or is not likely to suppurate. 

ANEGER'TICA, from avtyttftty 'I awaken.' 
The art of resuscitating the apparently dead. 

ANEILE'MA, AntiU'ei; from wt\\M^mty 'to 
be rolled upwards.' Applied particularly to the 
motion of air in tho intestines and the tormiuA 
accompanying it — Hippocrates. 

ANEILESIS, Ancilema. 

ANEMIA, Annmia. 

AXEMO'NE. The Wind Floufer: from un^, 
'the wind,' because it does not open its flowers 
until blown upon by the wind. 

ANEMONE DES BOIS, Anemone nemo- 

Anemone Collth a, A. Pulsatilla — a. Hepaticti 
Hepatica triloba — a. Intermedia, A. Pulsatilla. 

Anemo'icE Nexoro'sa, Ranun*mlue albue sea 
nemoro'mey Wood anem'onify (F.) Anfmone det 
boie. The herb and flowers are poisonous, acrid, 
and corrosive. They have been used as rube- 

Axemo'nI pRATEysiS, A, Sylve^trie, PalsofiT- 
la nVgrieane sett praten'eit. This plant has si- 




Bribr propflrtiet with the Uft It is also ealled 
Mtmdow A»tmomy, (F.) PuUatUU noin, P. det 

Ajmro'sl Pvlsatill'la, A. CoUi*na sen In- 
Unmt^dia ten Praten*9u sea ^n&ra, PuUtUU'la 
mttgvfrU, H«rha ventit, Nola eulina'ria, Pcuque 
/o»er, (F,) CofMelourde, poisessea like proper- 

AiravoiiV Rubra, A. Pratensis — a. Rne-Ieaved, 
Thalictram uiemonoidea — a. Bylyestru, A. Pra- 

AKBMONT, Anemone hepatiea — a* Meadow, 
Anemone pratensis — a. Wood, Anemone nemorosa. 

ANBM08, Wind. 

AHENCBPHALIA, see Aneneephalna. 

ANBNCBPHALOTROPHTE, from av, prira- 
tire; rywtAakoit 'the encephalon/ and r^rif 'nou- 
rishment Atrophy of tiie encephalon. 

ANBNCBPH'ALUS, from a, privative, and 
tfu^akoff *fanun.' A monster devoid of brain. 
— Bonetns. Q. St. Hilaire. Also one that has 
a part only of the brain ; — Paraeeph*alu9. The 
condition has been called AnencepAoZ'ta. A weak, 
rilly person. — H ippocrates. 




ANEPISCHESIS, Incontinentia. 

ANEPITHTM'IA, from a, priv., and nri^/iia, 
'desire.' Many nosologists have osed this word 
ibr a loss of the appetites, as of thoee of hanger, 
tiiirst^ venery, Ac 

AmBPimTMiA Ghlobosis, Chlorosis. 

ANER, avitp* genitive mripot. A man. 

AXBRETHIS'IA, InirritahiVitat, from a, priv., 
and tfiSmf, * irritability.' Defect of irritability. 
— Swediaar. 

ANEBTTHROP'SIA, from av, priv., tpvSpof, 
' red/ and own f, * vision.' Defeetive vision, which 
etmsists in an incapability of distingoishing red. 

ANBSI8, Remission. 

ANE8Th£sIE, AnsBsthesia. 

gite of phenomena of impaired feeling produced 
especially by the manipolations of Uie animal 
Bagnetiser. — Andral. 


ANESTH£tIQUE, Aniesthetio. 

A2^STHETIZATI0N, AnsBsthetisaiion. 

ANESON, Anethum. 

ANESUM, Pimpinella anirom. 

ANET, Anetham. 

ANETBt Anetham graveolens. 

ANETHUM, Ane'ton, Ane'ton, Ane'tkHm JVe- 
■{e'aZMm sea Seqt'tmm sea Piperi'tumf Fcmie'idum, 
F. OJfirinaU, F. vulga'rif F. Dulci, Ligut'txeum 
fcnit^ulum, Fan'eulumj Fennel or FinckU, Mar*- 
atkmm^ Anet, Sweet Fennel, (F.) Fenouil ou 
Ania dowe. Nat. Ord, UmbellifersB. Sex, SyMt. 
Pentandria Digynia. The seeds /VrntVu/tim, 
(Ph. U. S.) have an aromatic odour, and warm, 
sweetish taste. They are carminative. The oil 
— OUitm Famie'uli — iB officinal in the Ph.U. 8. 
The root is said to be pectoral and dinretic. 

AvETHini FcKXicoLUV, Anethum. 

Ajte'thuh Gratxolbnb, Anethumf Pattina'ea 
Anethum sea Oravtolent, Ftr'ula Oraveolen^, A, 
AoitenV, DiUf (F.) Anetk, Fenouil puant, A na- 
tive of the souUi of Europe. The seeds are sti- 
mulant and carminative. Dose, gr. xv to 33* 

Oienm Ane'tki, Oil of Dill, (F.) ffuile d'Aneth, 
possesses the carminative properties of the plant 

AxETHinf pAiTiNACA, Pastinaca Sativa — a. 
Rperitum, Anetham — a, Segetun* Anetham. 

AKETICnS, Anodyne. 

AVETOH, Anothom. 

ANETUS, Intermittent fever — a. QaartairaSy 
Quartan — a. QuoUdianus, Quotidian — a. Terti»- 
nuB, Tertian fever. 

ANEURAL'GICON, from a, privative, vcvmv, 
' nerve ;' and oAye;, ' pain.' A name given by Dr. 
C. T. Downing to an instrument used by him to 
allay pain in nerves. It is a kind of fumigating 
apparatus, in which dried narcotic and other 
herbs are burnt, the heated vapour being directed 
to any part of the body. 

AN'BURISM, Aneuryt'maf Anewryt'muaf Aneu- 
ris'ma, Oedtna, from avcvpvvciv, 'to dilate or dis- 
tend.' Bilata'tio Artena'rum, Eeta'Ha, Euibo^ 
rye^mOf Exangi'a anetiru'ina, Arfertewryv'mo, Ar« 
tereurya^ma, H<Bmatoee*U arterio'Ba, Ab»ee$^»u§ 
•piriitto'nu, Arttriee'taMi*^ (F.) Anfvrytmet Ane«- 
ritme. Properly, Aneurism signifies a tumoor, 
produced by the dilatation of an artery ; but it has 
been extended to various lesions of arteries, aa 
well as to dilatations of the heart 

There are various kinds of aneurism. The fol- 
lowing are the chief. 

I. When the blood, which forms the tumour, ia 
enclosed within the dilat«d coats of the artery. 
This is the true Ahvurisv, Aneurye'ma verumf 
Hernia Arteria'rum, (F.) Anivrytme vrai, 

II. When the blood has escaped from the 
opened artery, it is called spurious or falbb 
An^buribv, Aneuri^ma spu'ritim, Ruptu'ra Artef- 
ri€B, Arteriorrhex'it, ArteriodiaVy»i9f Ecehuvu>'- 
nta arterio'eum, (F.) Anfvruame /aux. The latter 
is dirided into three varieties. 

1. JHffuted FaUe Aneuritm, (F.) An ivtytm € 
/auXf primitiff diffua, noneireon»erit ott par in/tU 
tration, which occurs immediately after the divi- 
sion or rupture of an artery, and consists of an 
extravasation of blood into the areolar texture 
of the part 

2. Cireumteribed Falee Anturitm, (F.) Aniv^ 
ry»me,/aux eoneieuti/f eirconeerit ou par SpaneAe- 
ment, enkytti on taeciformtef tumeur hSmorrhagiaU 
eireon$erite, in which the blood issues fit>m the 
vessel some time after the reeeipt of the wound, 
and forms itself a sao in the neighbonring areolar 

3. An'eurism by Anattomo'ntf or Var'icoee An*' 
euritmf Pklebart&riodiaVyntf Aneuryt'uut vew/- 
Hh-arterio'eumf A, varico'tum, (F.) Antvrytme par 
aiMMtouMMs ou variqueuXf A, par irotionf A, de 
Pott, A. dee phupetitee art^ee, which arises fit>m 
the simultaneous wounding of an artery and 
vein; — the arterial blood passing into the vein, 
and producing a varicose state of it 

III. Mixed Aneurism, (F.) AnSvryeme mixU, 
is that which arises frt»m the <Ulatation of one or 
two of the eoats, with division or rupture of the 
other. Some authon have made two varieties 
of this. 

1. Mixed external Aneuriem, where the internal 
and middle coats are ruptured, and the areolar 
is dilated. 

2. Mixed internal Aneurimn, in which the in- 
ternal coat is dilated, and protrudes, like a hernial 
sac, through the ruptured middle and onter eoats. 
This variety has been oalled Aneurye^nta Her*- 
niam Arte' rug eietena. 

Aneurisms have been likewise termed trau» 
mat'ie and ^ponta'neoue, according as they may 
have been caused by a wound, or have originated 
spontaneously. They have also been divided 
into internal and extemtU, 

The interned aneurienu are situate in the greal 
splanchnic cavities, and oceur in the heart and 
great vessels of the chest, abdomen, Ao. Their 
diagnosis is difficult, and they are often inaocea- 
sible to surgical treatment 

The external aueurieme are sitaate at the ezt^* 


I hetd, Daok, sod limba, and tM dii- 

m, Mpceiallj the inlermJ, maj be 
b; a. dcbilitant txeBtmonl, on Ihe pUu 
'ik, vhich cuDiuU in repaalcd blood- 
th fuod flDDUgb merelj lo lupporL life. 

Amelhism, Di 

sccTt:<a, ia one in whieb, owing 

to rupture uf tbe 

inner and middle coau of u> 

BTtery, the blood 

makes iuelf a channel betweeo 

th«t cosu imd the outer coaL 

Id miLD)' cueB 

tbe leiioD appeart to eoniiit in 

■ eepv>tir>n of tbe ItupLnsi of tbe middle cott, 

THB Heart, C-xrdwn'M, far- 

rf«i.r*.'iiin, (F.) 

An(\:r<,tm<, du ctruT, bare been 

divided into acli 

t and poHirt, Tbe fDrmer can 

•OKcelj bo CBle 

t oC increaicd iliicki]«a> of the 

BMioles ot the b 

luatead of inoremiiDK it- Tbe term Hxpcrtropk^ 

of Ihl k,„rl, b 
>ci«tre HHIxruH 

tier indiratei their chaneler. 

Oardiic'Kuii, on the contrarr, 

the urgHo, and e 

largemBntofthBoaviUe!. The 


action uf Ibe heart is nolTiaihIe, 

ud nu impulje 

is oonTeyad to the band. On 

wrcuBaino, ther 
Urger surface th 

□ usual, but the dulneu ii much 

leu iatcDae than 

(hat which aecompanies hyper- 

(lophy. Onauj! 

nllation, the action of (he hear! 

b only BliKhtlr 

ell, and oommuuicaUa at onee 

Impnlee ia feebler (ban naual. Both aooudl art 
widely (ransmitted over the ttaonx, and are uol 
moeh Ikinter at a diitaoee froDi tbeir point ot 

hu been gi' 
ralves into t 


k. Braador'a operatii 

\<,fil>t Yalta n/ tit ium 
leh-like prujeclions of th 


—a. Fait 

a. Falae, circumieiibcd.iee Ancuriam—a. Fa]i 
diffilaed. aee Ancuriam— a. luleniul, nee Aneurii 
— a. Mixed, «ee Anturiam — a. Mixed, cilernal, a 
Aneurism — a. Uixed, internal, aee Anenriam— 
Spontaneous, aee Aneurism — a. Spnrioua, a 
Aneurism — a. Traumatio, aea Aneurism— a. Tni 
tee Aneurism — a. Valaalva'a meUiod of treaUng, 

AsEUHiBMiL Sao or Crat, (F.) Sm on Ky> 
ontBrymal, ii a aort ot poach, funned by (1 
dilatation of (he coa(a of an artery, in vbioh (ha 
blood, torming the aneuriamal tamour, ia «oi 


ANEURYSM, Aneurism. 

AKEURY8U A, Aneurism— «.CordlaaetiTDT 
Heart, hypertrophy of tbe — a. Herojam arteri 
■letena, see ADeuriam— a. Spurinm, aee Anenris 
— a. Variooaum, aee Aneurism — a. Venoao-art 
liosum, aee Anooriam— a. Verum, eee Aneuiin 

A.VEUB YSME, Anenriam. 

AMEURYSML'S, Aneurism, Dilatation. 

AN&VRYSifE, Anenriam — a. (if PAon 

4*Patl, lee Anenrim — a. da Phu petila arUrtt, 

ANFION, Maalaeh. 

fraetuosltie^ cerebral — a. Elittoidaiii, ■«« An- 

ANFRACTDOS'ITt, Aijfrae'iiij, Gmm, froa 
am, 'around,' and /raMjcri, /rnrtmi, 'lo brak.' . 
A groove oi furrow. Uied in anatomy to ngnity 
sinuoua dcpresaiooa or niJri, ot greater or leal 
depth, like thoae which sepaiate Ibe convolotioiu 
of Ihe brain from each other. Theae 

thri, Qyri Ctr'eiri,' InUnio'ula Ctr'diri, (J.) 
Anfraaaotiifi CMhralri, are alwaya nairow, and 
deeper at the upper auifaee at tbe br^n tliaa at 
ila bate; and are lined by a prolonfation of the 

The Ethmoid Cells are, sometime), ealMAB- 

/rarl«otilft itimaldala. 

AKFRACTUS, Anfractootity— & Cerebri, As- 
fractuoailiea (cerebral.) 

ANGECTASIA, Angieotaaia. 

AKQEIAL, Vascular. 

A^'(IEIECTAGIA, Angieetaaia. 

ANGEIECTASIS, Angiectaria. 

ANGEIECTOMA, Angieotaaia. 

ANOEIOG'RAPBY, Aitgiog'raplig, Anfew. 
^oph'iot from ayyiiov, 'a veaeel,' and yffwi 't 
deicription.' The anatomy of the veiieli. 


nphg, J 

a«drog'rnpif, A 


... Teasel,' '*tuf, 
' water,' and ytift, ' I deacribe.' A treatiae on 
tlie lymphatiea. 

ANOEIOUYDEOT'OMT, Angioifdrcfimg, 
AngcloHdrat'omji, Apgeioigdnlam'ia, .Bylfraib 
gminm'ia, from ayvK". 'avesael,' 'vlmf, 'water,' 
andrifidv, 'tocuL Diaaeetion of the lymphatiea. 

ANGEIOLEUCI'TIS, Ang;olrtri'ti; £*«■ 
pkangri'tU, Lyiapkinigi'lu, Zymplaeji'ot'lta, Hf 
drargri'tii, Ljmplii'lu, tynpiali'lis, It/lamm^ 
lio nHo'min Ijmphalira'noK, from tYytar, ' 
Teasel,' Xiviec, 'white,' and iiii, inflommatioi 

(F.) /ii^aII"Hatl'<in dn railKaui Iymp\aliqm 
drt (iuHt blana. Inflammation of the lympha- 
tics; lymphaUe or BcrofaloDs inaammatian. 

AKOF,IOL'OGY, Angiarngg, Ang«oloB"ia, 
from ayyrin, ' a Teasel,' and \iyii, ' a diaeoarM.' 
A diacourae an tbe Tesaels. The anatomy of the 
Teeaels. It includea Arltriol^ogii, PMUboFofj, 


yyiiar, ' a vcf^el, and aaXatia, ' i 
saeence ot aoftening of Tesaels. 

ANGEIOMYCES, Ueomatodei taegvi. 

ANGErON, Vessel. 


ANGEIONDROTOMT, Angelohydrolanr. 

ANGEIONOSVR, Angeiopatbia. 

ANGEI0NC8US, Angeiopatbia, 

ANGEIOPATUI'A, AfgiopalXi'a, Angtum'. 
tn», AnjHomi'jut, Angio'n'f, baa ajyner, '■ 
eaaet,' and nSiii, ' a diaeaie.' DIaeaas of tht 



ANUEIORRnAGIA, HnmorrLagia actlTB. 

ANGEmRBH<E'A, (F.) AtigeiorrUt j fron 




0fytt99, 'a Tflwely' and ^, 'I flow.' Pmuto 


ANGEIOSIS, Angioflia. 

AKQEIOSTEGNOSIS, Angiemphrazia. 

ANGEIOSTGNOSIS, Angiemphraxis. 

ANOBIOSTEO'SXS, Angiotto'ais, from ay^cioy, 
'a Tessel/ and orrtn^if, ' osaifioatlon.' Osamoa- 
tion of vessels. 

ANGEIOSTROPHE, see Toraion. 

ANQBIOTELECTASIA, Telangiectasia. 

AXGEIOT'OMT, Angioeomy, Angeiotom'ia, 
from »Yyu9P, 'a TesseV and rt^uv, 'to cut.' 
Disieetion of Tessela. 

ANGBirriS, AngiVtU, Angioi'tU, Infiamma*- 
tU wMo'rwis rF.) Angiii€. Inflammation of Tes- 
leis in generaL 

ANGELIC ROOT, Angelica Incida. 

ANGEL'ICA, Angel'iea Arekangel'iea sen 
Mi^a^ma sea SoH'va, Arehangel'ica offieina'litf 
Garden AngelieOf (F.) Angdiqwty Racine de Saint 
EtpHL So called from its supposed angelic vir- 
taes. liaL Ord. Umbelliferte. Sex, S^et, Pen- 
fiudria Digynia. Kative of Lapland. The roots, 
stalk, learea, and seed, are aromatie and caimi- 
■atiTe. A sweetmeat is made of the root» which 
is agreeable. 

AvetLicA Archaitovlica, Angelica. 

AiTGXL'icA Atropurpu'rba, Angelica (Ph. 
JS, 8.) Maaterwort. An indigenous species, grow- 
JBg orer the whole United States, and admitted 
bto the secondary list of the Pharmaoopceia of 
the United States. Virtaesy same as tiiose of 
the AngeUea of Enrope. 

AxoBLicA LnTiancuic, Lignsticnm leTistionm. 

AaaaucA Lu'cida, Angelic root, Bellyache 
root, Nendo, While root, an indigenons plant, the 
toot of which is bitterish, subacrid, flagrante 
aromatic, stomachic, and tonic. 

AxoBLicA OrpicnrALiB, Imperatoria — a. Palu- 
dapifolia, Lignsticnm levisticnm — a. Satira, An- 
geiiea, A. sylyestris. 

Axgkl'ica Stltes'tris, a. oati'voj Seli'num 
Sj^e^tri sea Angelica sen P*ihe^cene, Impera- 
to'ria Sylvee^treo sen Angelica^ Wild Angelica, 
(F.) Angflique oauvage. Possesses similar pro- 
perties to the lasty but in an inferior degree. The 
seeds, powdered and put into the hair, are used 
to destroy lice. 

AiocLicA Stltestbis, Ugnsticom podagiaria 
^«. Tree, Aralia spinosa. 

AKGELI'K^ CORTEX. The bark of a 
Grtoada tree, which has been recommended as 
anthelmintic and cathartic 

ANQiUQUB, AngeUofr-<i. Sawage, Angd- 
iea fjlrestria. 

AXGELOOACOS, Myrobalanns. 

A5GEMPHRAXIS, Angiemphraxis. 

A50IDIECTA8IA, Tridiangiectasia. 

ANGIDIOSPONGUS, Hasmatodes fungus. 


ANGIEC'TASIS, Angeieeia'oia, Angecta'eia, 
Aagieurye'ma, Angeieeto'ma, from ayyttov, 'a 
Teasel,' and anwit, 'dilatation.' Any ailatation 
of vessels. — Gri&fe and Alibert Telangieetaoieu 

ANOIBMPHRAX'IS, Angemphrax'io, Angei. 
otieno'eie, Angeiootegno^eie, from avyeiov, ' a yes- 
sel/and t^^ft^tt, 'obstruction.' Obstruction of 

All 0IEURT8HA, Angieotasis. 

ASGUTE, Inflammation, Angeitis. 

ANOIITIS, Angeitis. 

ANOPXA, FehrU Angino'oa, lethmi'tie, Quin- 
w or Sore Throat ; from angere, * to suffocate.' 
uflaaunation of the supra-diaphragmatic portion 
el ihe alimentary canal, and of the air passages. 
The Latin writers applied the term to every dis- 
•sse in which deglutition or respiration, sepa- 
atdy or anited, was aibetedy provided that such 

aifeotlon was above the stomach and lungs.— 
Boerhaave speaks of the angina of the moribund, 
which is nothing more than the dysphagia or 
diihoult deglutition preceding death. See Cy- 

Akoina Apbtsosa, AphthsB — a. Aqnosa, (Ede- 
ma of the glottis — a. Bronchialis, Bronchitis — a. 
Caaina, Cynanche trachealis — a. Cordis, Angina 
pectoris — a. cum Tumore, Cynanche tonsillaria*- 
a. Epidemica, Cynanche maligna — a. Epiglot- 
tidea, Epiglottitis — a. Erysipelatosa, Erythruicbe 
a. Exudatoria, Cynanche Uaohealia — a. Externa, 
Cynanche parotidssa — a. Faudum, Isthmitis — a. 
Fanoinm Maligna, Cynanche maligna — a. FolU- 
cnlosa of the pharynx. Pharyngitis, follicular — a. 
Gangnenosa, Cynanche maligna — a. Humida, 
Cynanche trachealis — a. Inflammatoria, Cynan- 
che, Cynanche trachealis— * a. Laryngea, Laryn- 
gitis — a. Laryngea (Edematosa, ^dema of the 
glottis— a. Linguaria, Glossitis — a. Maligna, An- 
gina pellicularis, Cynanche maligna, Pharyngitis, 
diphtheritic — a. Maxillaris, Cynanche parotidsaa 
— a. Membranaoea, Cynanohe trachealis*— a. 
Mitis, Isthmitis. 

Ahoi'na Nasa'lis, Naoi'tia pooti'ea. An in- 
flammation of the posterior portion of the Schnei- 
derian membrane lining the nose. Also, Corysa. 

Airei'wA (Edbmato'sa, (F.) Angine cedhno' 
teuee, (Edime de la Olotte, An oedematous swell- 
ing of the glottis ; the effect of chronic cynanche 
la^rugea. See (Edema of the Glottis. 

Anoiita Palatina, Hyperoitis— a. Paralytica, 
Pharyngoplegia-*-a. Parotidiea Externa, Cynan- 
che parotidsBa. 

Avei'KA Pbg'tori8, a, eordie, StemaVgiOf 
Aethma epa^tieo-arthrWicMm incon'etane, Amkma 
diaphragma^ieum, Arthri'tie diaphragmatica, 
Orthopna^a cardi'aea, StemodynHa egneopfiica 
et pcU'pitane, S. ojfncopa'lie, Cardiog'muo eordio 
oinio'tri, Aatheni'a peetora'lie, Angor pee'torio, 
Stenocar'dia, JHaphragma^ie gout. Aethma eon- 
vnlei'vum, Aathma arthrificum, Oardioneural'gia, 
Nearvl'gia hreuihio^uiracf'ica. Hyper aathe^eia 
pleacue eardi^aei, A, dohrifieunk, JSyn'eopi angi- 
na' ta sen angene, Oardiod'gne epaemod'iea inier^ 
mi^tene, Pnigopho'bia, Prunel'la, Suepir'ivm 
eardi'aeum, Pneumanal'gia, Sujff*oeative Breaet- 
pang, (F.) Angine de Poitrine, Nivrott du Ocenr. 
A dUease, the precise pathology of which » not 
known. The principal symptoms are, violent 
pain about the sternum, extending towards the 
arms; anxiety, dyspnoea, and sense of suffoca- 
tion. It is an affection of great danger, and la 
often connected with oesificaUon, or other morbid 
condition of the heart It appears to be neuropa- 
thic, and has been termed NeweUgia of the Heart. 
Some, however, employ this last term for an 
acutely patnAil intermittent affection of the heart, 
which seems to differ firom angina pectoris more 
in regard to the small nnmber of parts which are 
drawn into morbid consent with the affected cap. 
diao nerves, than in regard either to its nature 
or appropriate treatment. The most powerful 
stimulating and narcotic antispasmodics are re- 
quired during the paroxysm. 

Angi^KA Pblucula'rib, a. malig'na, JXpthe^ 
ri'tie of ike throat, A name given to thoee in- 
flammations about the throat, in which exuda- 
tions or false membranes are thrown out, during 
the phlogosis of the mucous membranes. AphthiB, 
Traieheitie, when accompanied with the membra- 
niform exudation, are, with tome, examples of 
diphtheritic inflammation. 

Anoika Pxrnicioba, Cynanche trachealis — a. 
Pestilentialis, Pharyngitis, diphtheritio— a. Poly- 
posa, Cynanche trachMlis — a. Polyposa sen mem- 
branacea, Cynanche trachealis — a. Pseudo-mem* 
branosa. Pharyngitis, diphtheritio^Bb PulpoB^ 




OjnBOohe tnushealis — a. Sangoinea, Cynuiche 

Akqiha Sicca, (F.) Angina tiche, is a chronic 
inflammation of the pharynx, with a distressing 
■enso of dryness and heat, in chronic diseases of 
the stomach and longs. 8ee Pasdanchone. 

Angina Simplex, Isthmitis. 

Angina Squirro'sa, (P.) Angine tquirretue, 
consists in difficulty of deglutition, cansed hy 
leirrhous disorganisation of the phaiynx or oeso- 
phagus, or hy enlarged tonsils. 

Angina Stranqulatoria, Cynanche trache- 
alis — a. Strepitosa, Cynanche trachealis — a. Suf- 
focatoria, Cynanche trachealis — a. Synochalis, 
Cynanche tonsillaris — a. Thyreoidea, Th3rreoitis 
•^a. Tonsillaris, Cynanche tonsillaris — a. Tra- 
ehealis, Cynanche trachealis — a. Ulcerosa, Cy- 
nanche maligna — a. Urularis, Staphyloedema, 
Uvulitis — a* Vera et Legitima, Cynanche ton- 

ANQINE QUTTURALE, Cynanche tonsil- 
laris — a. Larjfngie, Laryngitis — a. Laryngfe et 
traefUalef Cynanche trachealis — a. Laryngfe adi- 
mateuse, (Edema of the glottis — a. QSMophxgienntf 
CBsophagitis — a. Pharyngfe, Cynanche parotidsBa 
•—a. (U Poitrinty Angina pectoris — a. Sh:he, An- 
gina sicca — a. SimpU, IsUimitis — a, Squirreuttf 
Angina Squirrosa — a. Tonnllaire, Cynanche ton- 

ANOINEUX, Anginosa. 

ANGINO'SA, (F.) Angineux, That which is 
aooompanied with angina; as Scarlati'na angu 

ANQIOCARDI'TIS, from ayyaov, 'a yessel,' 
and earditUf 'inflammation of the heart.' In- 
flammation of the heart and great vessels. 

ANGIOGRAPHY, Angiography. 

ANOIOH^MlEy Hypersemia. 
ANGIOHYDROGRAPHY, Angeiohydrogra- 

ANGIOHYDROTOMY, Angeiohydrotomy. 

ANGIOITIS, Angeitis. 

ANGIOLEUCITIS, Angeioleucitis. 

ANGIOLOGY, Angeiology. 

ANGIOMALACIA, Angciomalada. 

ANGIOMYCES, Hsematodes fungus. 

ANGIOXOSUS, Angeiopathia. 

ANGIONUSUS, Angeiopathia. 

ANGIOPATHIA, Angeiopathia. 


ANGIOPYRA, Synocha. 

ANGIO'SIS, from wyytiov, 'a yessel.' Angexo'- 
tU, Angeiop<ithi'a. Under this term Alihert in- 
eludes every disease of the blood vessels. 

ANGIOSTEGNOSIS, Angiemphraxis. 

ANGIOSTENOSIS, Angiemphraxis. 

ANGIOSTOSIS, Angeiostosis. 


ANGIOTELECTASIA, Telangiectasia. 

ANGIOTEN'IC, Angeioten'ie, Angioten'tcut 
■eu Angeioten'ictUf from a^YuoVf * a vessel,' and 
ruvuVf * to extend.' An epithet given to inflam- 
matory fever, owing to its action seeming to be 
ehiefly exerted on the vascular system. 

ANGIOTOMY, Angeiotomy. 

ANGLE, An'gulM, from oynXoi, 'a hook.' 
The space between two lines which meet in a 

Angle, Fa'cial, pointed out by Camper, is 
formed by the union of two lines, one of which 
!s drawn from the most prominent part of the 
forehead to the alveolar edge of the upper jaw, 
opposite the incisor teeth — i^e facial line — and 
the other from the meatus auditorius extemus to 
the same point of the jaw. According to the 
•ize of the angle it has been attempted to appre- 
ciate the respective proportions of the cranium 
ftnd face^ aad^ to a certain extend the degree of 

intelligence of individuals and of animals, la, 
the white varieties of the species, this an|^e if 
generally 80° ; in the negro not more than 70^^ 
and sometimes only 65°. As we descend tli« 
scale of animals, the angle becomes less and len; 
until, in fishes, it nearly or entirely disappears. 
Animals which have the snout long, and ftxial 
angle small, such as the snipe, crane, stork, Acy 
are proverbially foolish, at least they are so 
esteemed; whilst intelligence is ascribed to ^oee 
in which the angle is more largely developed, as 
the elephant and the owl. In these last Mitwi^t, 
however, the large facial angle is' caused by tta 
sise of the frontal sinuses : — so that this mode of 
appreciating the sixe of the brain is very inexaeCy 
and cannot be depended upon. 

The following is a table of the ang^e in 
and certain animals : 


Man firom680 lo 880 and 

Sapajou flS 

Orang-Utang ; S6to9B 

Guenon 9f 

Mandrill a0to4i 

Coati m 

Pole-cat ai 

Pug-doa 35 

Mastiff 41 

Hare Si 

Ram Si 

Hone n 

Angle, Occipital, of Davbenton, is fbrmad 
by a line drawn trom the posterior margin of the 
foramen magnum to the inferior mar^ of ttis 
orbit, and another drawn from the top of the 
head to the space between the occipital condyles. 
In man, these condyles, as well as the foramen 
magnum, are so situate, that a line drawn per- 
pendicular to them would be a continuation of 
the spine ; but in animals they are placed more 
or less obliquely ; and the perpendicular is 
sarily thrown farther forward, and the angle 
dered more acute. 

Angle, Optic, (F.) Angle optique, is the anrle 
formed by two lines, which shave the extroaitiee 
of an object, and meet at the centre of the pnpiL 


ANGOLAM. A very tall Malabar tree^ whiek 
possesses vcrmifhge properties. 

AN'GONE, PriBfoca'tio Fau'eium seu Uteri^nm 
seu Matri'citf Strangula'tio uteri'na, S^ffoeu^H^ 
uteri'na seu hyHer'ica, Olohut hytUr'teut, Or- 
ihopnct'a hytter'icaf Dypka'gia glatH/aa, D, hjf9' 
ter'iea, Nervous Quinay. A feeling of strangu- 
lation, with dread of suffocation. It is comm<m 
in hysterical females, and is accompanied with a 
sensation as if a ball arose fi^m the abdomen to 
the throat. 

ANGOR, AnguiMthj (F.) An^rotMe. Bxtreme 
anxiety, accompanied wiUi painful constriction 
at the epigastrium, and often with palpitation 
and oppression. It is frequently an nnfavonr- 
able symptom. 

Anoor, Agony, Orthopnoea — a. Fancinm, Istii- 
mitis — a. Pectoris, Angina pectoris. 

ANGOS, Bubo, Uterus, Vessel. 

ANGOURION, Cucumis sativus. 

ANGUIS, Serpent 

ANGUISH, Angor. 

Anguish, Febrile, Angor FehrClis, The oom- 
bination of weariness, pain, anxiety, and weak- 
ness affecting the head and neck, which is so ge- 
nerally observed at the commencement of fever. 


AN'GULAR, Angula'riM, from angvUuty 'an 
angle,' (F.) Angulaire, That which relates to 
an angle. 

Angulab AjtTSRT AHD YsDi; A name ghrw^ 




t to a« tanniiuition of the facial artery and 
Ttin, becauae they paoa by the greater angle of 
tbe eye; and, 2. to the facial artery and rein 
themMlree, because they pau under the angle 
of the jaw. Bee FaciaL 

AsQJTLAM Nbbte u a filament famished by 
the inferior maxillary, which paases near the 
greater angle of the eye. 

AsoiTLAJft Pbocbssbb of the frontal bone are 
Mated near the angles of the eyes. See Orbitar. 

ANOULAKIS, LeTator seapuiaB. 


AireULUS OCULARIS, Canihus. 

ANGURIA, Caeorbita citrollns. 

ANGUSTATIO, Arctatio— a. Cordis, Systole— 
& latestmi recti vel ani, Stricture of the rectum. 

A5GU8'TIA, Angu9ta^tioy StewKho'ria. Ajojl- 
ietf, narrowness, strait, constriction. 

Aii«iiSTiA Abdominalis, Pelris, (Brim) — a. 
^riiueslis, Pelris, (Outlet) 

ANGUSTURA, Cusparia febriftiga— a. False, 
Braeea antidjsenterioa, and Strychnos nuz to- 
■iea — a^ Spuria, Bmoea antidysenterica, and 

ANOUSTUBE, PAUSSE, Bmcea antidysen- 
tviA — a. Terruffvteuttf Brucea antidysenterica 
— « Vrai0, Cusparia febrifuga. 

ANH^MATOSIA, Asphyxia, Anssmia. 

ANHiBMXA, Annmia. 

ANHAPHIA, Anaphia. 

AKHBLA'TIO, from ankdo, 'I pant' A»- 
AeTtCM, AM^mm, Panting, Ankelation, (F.) Et- 
mmfftimant. Short and r^id breathing. See 

AakeiaHo ia sometimes employed synony* 
■ouly with asthma^ 

ANHBLITU8, Breath. 

ANHIS'TOUS, from a, av, priTaUve, and 'irrog, 
*«rgBaie texture,' 'Anor^oatc.' Amor'phm, The 
bMiea deeidua uteri is termed by Velpean the 
miAuiomf membrane. 

ANHUIBA, Lauras sassafras. 

ANHTOBA'MIA, Anrnmyd'tioy from av, pri. 
TitiTe, 9imp, < water,' and 'ai;ia, 'blood.' A con- 
dition of the blood in which there is a diminution 
k the quantity of the seram. 

AKICB'TON, Aatee'lttm, M€t%a'mumy from a, 
friialiTe, Mid vi«9, 'riotory,' ' inrincible.' A 
plaster mueh extoUed by the ancients in eases 
«f adores. It was formed of litharge, cerusse, 
thus, alum, turpentine, white pepper, and oil. 

AN I'D BUS, from •», priratiTe, and njof, 
'shape.' Awiarpkm, A monster doToid of shape. 
--J. G. St. Hilaire. 

AKIBRO'SIS, from a, priratire, and 'i^pMf, 
'sweat' Sudo'rtB wulUitaa rel priva'tio, Ab> 
•auee of sweat Deficiency of perspiration. — 
H ip po cra tee. 
ANILBMA, Borboiygmus, Tormina. 
ANILBSIS, Borborygmus, Tormina. 
ANILITA8, see Dementia. 
AK'IMA, Aa'uaiw, Ment, Ptyehi, The mind, 
teeath, Ac, from avt^totf 'wind or breath.' (F.) 
Awu. The principle of the inteUeetnal and moral 
■anifcatations. Also, the principle of life : — the 
life of plants being termed An'ima vegetati'va, 
(7.) Ams vtgHaiiv $ that of man, AWima teiut- 
Ci'ra, (T.) Am€ »en9iH9«, 

The Anima of Stahl, An'tma Stahlia'nti, was a 
bnded intelligent principle, which he supposed 
to preside orer the phenomena of life, — like the 

A^ek^uM of Van Helmont 
Under the term Aatma mundx, the ancient phi- 

lasophers meant a uniTersal Spirit, which they 

supposed spread oyer eyery part of the uni- 

The precise seat of the mind in the brain hai 
giren rise to many speculations. The point if 

With the ancient chemists, Anima meant the 
active principle of a drug separated by some 
chemical management 

AmvA Alobb : see Aloes, Buccotorina — a. Ar- 
tioulorum, Hermodactylus— a. Hepatis, Forri sul- 
phas — a. Pulmonum, Crocus— a. Rhei, Infusum 
rhei — a. Stahliana, see Anima— a. Vegctativay 
Plastic force. 

AN'IMAL, Zo3n, A name given to every ani- 
mated being. The greater part of animals have 
the power of locomotion ; some can merely exe- 
cute partisl movements, such as contraction and 
dilatation. In other respects it is often a matter 
of difficulty to determine what is an animal 
characteristic. The study of animals is called 

AN'IMAL, (adjective,) Anima'lit, That whioh 
concerns, or belongs to, an animsl. 

Ahikal Hbat, Galor anima'lit, C. «o#»'»iis, 
CaVidum anima'liy O, tnnn'eum, JBto/ycVaion, 
Flam'mvXa vita' lit, Therma em'phytvmy Thervmm 
em'pAyfwm, Igni* anitna'lit sen naturams sen 
vita' lit, (F.) Chaleur animaU, is the calorie con- 
stantly formed by the body of a living animal, 
by virtue of which it preserves nearly the same 
temperature, whatever may be that of the me- 
dium in which it is placed. This formation 
seems to take place over the whole of the body, 
and to be connected with the action of nutrition. 

The following are the natural temperatures of 
certain animals; that of man being 98^ or lOO^. 

.... 107 




80 to 84 



101 or lOt 

101 or lOS 







. 100 to 108 


Arctic Pox 

Arctic Wdf 

Squirrel • • • 



Arciomys cltitlas. ririi — in summer 

Do. wben torpid,. 

Goat ; 

Bat in summer, | 

In usic. ...•■•••.•.•••.«••••••••••••••••** / 

Marmota bobac, — BohaCt • • • • 

House mouse, 

Arciomys marmota, sicraMt— in summer,. • 

Do. wbentorpid 

Rabbit '**iM^^ 

Pol^f Bear, .r-----'*-**-*-******>«******** iwi 



GlineaVpig..'.'.'.\*.\';.'.\'.'.'.'.\*ii.'.'.".".'".'^^ »«» *J ^* 

Arctomys giis, J* 

Bhrew, • JJ 

Younf wolf, • ■* 

Fringilla arctica, Jtrctie Jlnek, < m 

Rubecola, rflrffrrMtf, S 

Fringilla linaria, U*$tr red poU^ 110 or HI 

FbIco paiumbarius, f M/Uwi:, ) 

Capri mnlffus EuropBus, £»r«pt«m #m<* > 100 


Emberiza nivalis, tnow-hunting, 

Faico lanariuf, lannerf 

Fringilla csrduelis, goUfineK 

Corvus corax, Tavtm^. 

Turdus, CAriuA, (of Ceylon,) 

Tetrao perdix, par(rt4r«« 

Ansa elypeata, tktvltr^ 

Tringa pugnax, rtijf; 

Scolopax, limosa. lauer goimitt 

Tetrao tetrix, grvuMr 

Fringilla brumalis, mnttfjbuk, 

Loxia pyrrhula • 

Paico ni'sits, fpurrtmkmwkf. 

Vultur barbatus, 

Anser pulchricollls 

Colymbtts atirltus, tfiutiy grtb*^ 

Tringa vaoellus, lapwing, wounded, 

Tetrao lagopus, ptMrmig^n, 

Fringilla domestica, Aeass isparrsw, 


109 to 110 




107 torn 


tail v^merm^. mat tKl, 

HBIn>in|Hl <MI1rtM. tm-rU 



AniHAi, KT^iaDoM. (P.) Il>3ta Atiimal, < 
piites all (ninutfd bcini;!. 

Aim*!. MAfllTETiBa, nee MaKnninn, ani'ii 

ASIMAL'crLE, ^■n'wofVufifia ; ilimini 
«f animal. A gmall rniimnl. An uiinia 
•MB gnly by raSBOi gf Ih? microicop*. 

k. BFwnnaUF. Spermatoion. 

ANIUAL'CULIST, Ax'iwuill,!. One wh 
tmnpts (o (iplain difforcnt phyiialoginl oi 
tholDf^cal pheDomrna by mtaos Qf uiimAlcti 

ANIMALCULUM, Animaluulg. 

ANIMALIBT, AniiDalcnliit- 

ANIMAL'ITY. AHimaTiIw. Qiulitin which 
iiitinKiilxb thU wbiph ia ulmatcd. Tb>t whicb 

df mtdinted wine. foTmarly pnpttcd «tth bcaaj, 
■iae o( Aicalon. and uiHcd. 


AMRCtlURIA, Enoinu. 

ANISE. PimpindU mDtnm-'*. Star, lUIdiB 
intiMnn. I. Florlduam— a. Tn», Florid^ DU- 
rlam PIoridaDnm— a. Tm, jeUow-Bowwid, nil- 

ANIPGED, *»« PlDpinelU anlnm. 
AN'IBI ilEHINA, we Ptmi^DdU aatna. 
AXISO-DUS LV'RIDVS, AVn-'llni a-Mi'- 
ita, i'A.v'nfiV •tnmu'iiiini, Wkiil^ya iramytti- 
fnlia A plant of Nepal, paeuiivd of hbiiiii<U 
prop^rlJcK, and reicmblinff bdladonaa and la- 
It dilates lh« pupil, and ia naad In dia- 
the fT< like bsUadunna. It ia rina !■ 
« tdri, 


ANISo'fl'TIIK.VES, ha^aa'ti nt'ori paOrm. 
'hatvhivliiBDiieqnaliiiltnnKtli: fmrn ■, prlr., 
»[, ' eijual,' and liim, ' itnngUi.' An spUM 
ppljed particnlnriy to th> maaailar MnlrMili^ 




To AN'IMATE.ANixa'1 

IS Frencb 

ANIMATIO FfETOS, (M QuiokeDinjr. 

'Uirxanl urmiad.' Tfaa aetof aoimaUng. 
■late of b^ing enlivened. 

Ahimatiuk, StTBPBiinED, Aiiphyiia. 

AN'IMT:, tfaw ciH'|-«;, Amina'a, OinVn 
Cnmmi an-ii**. Cnii'camKti. A reain oblai 
from tfae Intnk of Hyuvn'aa rotr'haril. It 
been givi-n aa * «epbatio and uterine. Il ij not 
ued. The plant ii alio called Cvitr'bariU 

AN I UK, (F.) An epithet applied to th« 
(MDntenance, when florid, in health or diaeue. 

ANIMELL*. Parotid. 

ANIHI CARL'S 8UBITU9, Bynoope— a. De- 
llquium. HyncDpo — a. Pathemala, Paaeiuna. 

AN'IMIST, from anima, 'the soul.' One who. 
following tfae rtamplo of Stafal, icfcrl all the 
idiennmBna of the aaiinal economy to tfae toul. 

"' - ' according to Slahl, ia the iQimcdiatt 

7 maUTlal chan 
con eluded, thi 

go In the body. Stnhl Ihert!- 

tnce or disorder in the guvertimeni 
y, or AD effort by which the aonl. 
atlenlive to arcry morbifle rtute, endaavonn ti> 
einel wfaalever may bo deranging the hahitnaJ 
order of health. See BUbtianiam. 

AMMUS, Anil 

Cyminum — a. it la CHh, 
Dmlt, Analhum — a, Sloi 


aoiiam— a. AfrieaniM 
Oalbannm— a. Frntisacan ol- 
Huale, ns- 

cerltun mniielee only, — in the flcion, for • 

ANISUT'ACHYS, from a. priT., mi, 'eqaal,' 
and Tii);e(, 'quick.' An epithet tm tha pnli^ 

frutescenn, B 

banifenim, Bubon gi^bani 
pinella aniaam — a. EiaoDM. IHlciain aoiaattui 
a. BlcUalum, niidam aniaatnni — a. Volg 
Pimpinclla aniium. 

ANKLE, AitrasaJui, HaUeolna. 

ANKUR. Ancaa. 

A N K V LOBLEPtl'ARON, Ani^laUepft'w 
Palprhra'rim rwif'i'ou, from ayiv),-,, 'eonH 
tioD,' and ^i^npgi, 'eyelid.' A pi 
qnion between the free edgea of the eyeUda, 
Lihewi«e railed Symbtrpk-anH, SjmUtpkan'mi, 

Alio, DDian between the eyelida and glob* of 
the eTC—AiiliDP. 

ANKyLOUON'TIA, fnia .ynl.c, 'eraaked,' 
and ilari. ' a tnolb.' An iireguUr podliaD of tlM 

ANKVLOliLOB'SIA. Anrjl-ygla^tia, Oaair^. 
lia lintiaa. from tynitt, ' CTOoked,' or 'ega. 
traeted.' and yXueBm, 'the tongne.' Jmpcdad m^ 

tfae guma i or in eoaaa- 

I of the I 


Crfrana-li. It mei 
divided with a p.ii 
ANKYLOtiLOSSOT'OMUU. trim, a-tybyla*. 

meat ancd in die operation for Mng«a-tiB. 

AN KY LOME' LB, AaeHtlinar'/j, from aynJUb 
'crnuked,' and |ii)>ir, 'a probe.' A cnrred prabh 
—rial en. 

AXKYLOMERIB'HUS. Aaeybawnl'aHfc 
from myn\v. 'acnnlncUon, and fufif, 'a pWt' 
Morbid aribeainn between parta. 

ANKYLOPB. fgilopa. 

AN'KYLO'SIS, Aur^Jo'n'a, AviyMn; Aif- 
rylf, liiiff JninI, fmm sfvilat, -sreoked.' Ab 
aJ'ection, in wfaicfa (here ii great dlffloally or 
even imiwaaibUity of moving a dUrthrodUI vti- 
enlnlloD. It <i bo called, became the Umb cpb- 
monly remains In a conilant elate of fleiioa. 

there la an Intiniate adheaion between tha ayno. 
vial anrfaces, with Qnloii af the artionlar extremi- 
tiei of tfae bonea. In the incnmplru or /oIh tm- 
ohjloaia, there ii obsmue motion, bnt the IbfMt 




poti aromid the joint we more or lest itUT and 
thiekened. In the trefttmant of this lut stAte, 
tte joint miut be gently and gradnaUy exeroised ; 
■ad oily, relszing applications be assidnonsly em- 

AjfKTuovn SpvniAy Rigiditas artionloram. 

AKKTIiOT'OMUS, An4i^ioeomua, from ayniXot, 
'erooked,' and rtfivup, <to cut.' Any kind of 
earred knife. — ^Paalns. An instmment for di- 
viding the firsnam lingnie. — Scnltetus. 

ANXEA Uf Ring — a. Crural, Cmral oanal — a. 
JHap k r uff WMtiqmt, Diaphragmatic ring — a. F(mo- 
rmly Cmnl eaaal-— a. Inguinal, Inguinal ring— a. 
Omhiii<M»t, Umbilical ring. 

Ay y EXE, Aeeessory, Appendix. 

ANNI CRITICI, Climacteriei (anni)— a. De- 
cretoril, CUmaeterid (anni)— «. FataleB» Climac- 
teriei (anni) — a. Oenethliaoi^ Climacteriei (anni) 
a, Qradarii* Climacteriei (anni) — a. Hebdomadici, 
Climaeterici (anni) — a. Heroici, Climacteriei 
(anni)—*. Natalitii, Climacteriei (anni) — a. 8cfr- 
laree, Climacteiiei (anni) — a. Scansilec, Climacte- 
riei (anni). 

ANVOTA'TIO, J^ttmaVa. Under this term 
some bare included the preludes to an attack of 
iatermitteat ferer — as yawning, stretchingi som- 
Krfency, ehillinesSf Ac. 

ANNOTTO, see Terra Orleana. 

AN'KUAL DISEASES, Morbi an'nui, M, an- 
uireraa'rii, (F.) MaladitB annuelle: A name 
giren, by some, to diseases which recur every 
year about the same period. Febri§ annua, (F.) 
FQvrt amnuflU, is a term used for a fancied in- 
termittent of this tyx>e. 
AXXUET^S, Rectus capitis intemus minor. 
ANKUIT"IO, Nodding, from ad, <to,' and 
mut»$, *m nod.' A gesture denoting assent in 
most eountries. Also, the state of somnolency, 
viien the indiridual is in the erect or sitting 
pqatore, with the head unsupported, in which 
the power of Tolition orer the extensor muscles 
«f the he»i] is loet, and the head drops forward. 

AN'NUI^AR, Annuia'ri*, OrieoVde; (iinnua, 
'a circle.') Any thing relating to a ring, or 
which Ima tite shape or fttlllls the functions of a 
ling ; from ammdiu, * a ring,' itself. 

A313n7L.iL a FiironR, Ring Finger, Dig^'itut an" 
nnliafri», i'oraM'esoe. The fourtii finger, so called 
from the wedding ring being worn thereon. 
A]nr0LA.R Oawoliov, see Ciliary ligament. 
AmnTLAK Lie'AJfBirr, Trantverte ligament, 
Or^cial tiaameni. A strong ligamentous band, 
^ioh arebea across the area of the ring of the 
atlas, from a rough tubercle upon the inner sur- 
taot of on« articular process, to a similar tuberele 
on the otber. It serves to retain the odontoid 
proeeee of the axis in connexion with the ante- 
rior aveh «f the atias. 

Air'iritLJiii LiG'Aincirr or thb Ra'diub, is a very 
strong fibro-cartilaginous band, which forms, with 
the leaser sigmoid cavity of the cubitus, a kind 
of ling, in which the head of the radius turns 
with bciUty. 

Aa'aiTLAR Lio'AVBirrs or rm CARPVg, Ar- 
mitl^ Mamie wtembranoftm, are two in number. 

The one, anterior, is a broad, fibrous, quadri- 
laleral bsmd, extending transversely before the 
esrpoa, and forming the gutter, made by the 
wrist, into a canaL It is attached, externally, 
Wthe timpecium and scapholdes; and internally 
to the ea plaifonne and process of the unciforme. 
It keeps the tendons of the flexor muscles, me- 
£aa nerve, Ac, applied against the carpus. 

The poeUritM' ligament is situate transversely 
hohiad the Joint of the hand» and covers the 
ibfithi of the tendons, which pass to the back 
af the hand. Ita fibres are white and shining, 
•ad art attaehed, externally, to the inferior and 

outer part of the radius ; internally to the ulnft 
and OS pisiforme. 

An'nular Lio'avehts op TBI Tarsus are two 
in number. The anterior is quadrilateral, and 
extends transversely above the instep. It is at- 
tached to the superior depression of ^e os calois, 
and to the malleolus intemus. It embraces the 
tendons of the extensor muscles of the toes, the 
tibiali* antieut, and peroneu9 antieus. The inter" 
nal is broader than the last. It descends from 
the malleolus intemus to the posterior and inner 
part of the os calcis, with which it forms a kind 
of oanal, enclosing the sheaths of the tendons of 
the tihialia pottieuaofitxor longu* digitorum pedie, 
and /\ tongue poUiei§ pedit, as well as the plantar 
vessels and nerves. 

Annular Vein, Vena annula'rie, is situate 
between the annular finger and the little finger. 
Aetins recommends it to be opened in diseases of 
the spleen. 

ANNULARIS, Cricoid: see Digitus— a. An], 
Sphincter ani. 

Cartilaginosi Tracheas, see Trachea. 

Lumbricales manus. 

ANNULUS, Dactylius, Vulva— a. Abdominis, 
Inguinal ring — a. Albidns, see Ciliary (body)-' 
a. Cellulosos, Ciliary ligament — a. Ciliaris, Cili- 
ary ligament — a. Fossse ovalis : see Ovalis fossa 
— a. Gangliformis, see Ciliary (body) — a. Repens, 
Herpes circinatus — a. Umbilicalis, Umbilical ring 
— a. Ventriculi, Pylorus — a. Vieussenii, see Ova- 
lis fossa. 

ANO, evM. A prefix denoting ' above, up.' 

ANOCHI'LUS, from am*, ' above,' and x">*r» 
' lip.' The upper lip. Also, one who has a Ivso 
upper lip. 

ANOCCELIA, Stomach. 

ANO'DXA, from av, priv., and mht 'tong/ 
An unconnected or dissonant mode of speech. 

ANOD'IC, Anod'icue, from avw, 'above, up,' 
and '0^, ' a way.' Tending upwards. An epi- 
thet applied by Dr. Marshal Hall to an ascend- 
ing course of nervous action. 

ANODIN, Anodyne. 

ANODIN'IA, from a, aw, privative, and mkvf 
' a labour pain.' Absence of labour pains. 

ANODMIA, Anosmia. 

ANODUS, EdentuluB. 

AN'ODYNE, Anod'ynue, Antod'unuM, Antid^- 
ynoiM (improperly,) Paregor'ieue, Anet'ieue, Ant' 
aVgieus, Aeetod'ynee, (F.) Anodin ou Anodyn, 
from a, av, privative, and oivv^, * pain.' Anodynee 
are those medicines which relieve pain, or cause 
it to cease ; as opium, belladonna, Ac. They act 
by blunting the sensibility of the encephalon, so 
that it does not appreciate the morbid sensation. 

ANODYN'IA, Indolen'tia, Cessation or ab- 
sence of pain. Vogel has given this name to a 
genus of diseases, characterized by a cessation 
of pain, and the exaspemtion of other symptoms; 
as we see in gangrene. 

ANODTNUM MINRRALE, Potassso nitras 
sulphatis paucillo mixtus. 

AN(E'A, Anoia, from a, privative, and vooc, 
* mind.' Delirium, imbecility. See DemenUa and 

ANOESIA, Dementia. 

Anorbia Adstricta, Melancholy. 

ANOIA, Anoea. 

ANOMAL, Anomalous. 

ANOMALES, Anomalous. 

ANOMA'LIA, from av, privative, and ofta\ot^ 
'regular.' Almor'mita$, Aliena'tio. Anomaly, 
abnormity, irregularity. In Pathology, anomaly 
means something unusaal in the symptoms pro- 
per to a diseaee, or in the morbid appeanmoM 
presented by ik 




AxoirixiA NKRVoRuif, Ncrvoiu diathesis. 

ASOMALOTHOPHlESy from o», privatiTe, 
•iiaXof, 're^lar/ and rpo^nt ' noariahinent.' A 
olajw of dueo^ea, which consist in modificationB 
in the nutrition of organs. — Qendrin. 

ANOM'ALOUS, Anam'alut, Anom'aUa; the 
game etjrmon. Irregular ; contrary to rule. (F.) 
AnotnaL In Medicine, a disease is called ano- 
malom, in whose symptoms or progress there is 
something unusual. Aflfeotions are also called 
anomalous, which cannot be referred to any 
known species. 

ANOMALOUS, Irregular. 

ANOMMATUS, Anophthalmus. 

ANOMOCEPH'ALUS, from a, prir., vo,tos, 
'rule/ and rc^aAij, 'head.' One whose head is 
deformed. — Geoffroi Saint-Hilairo. 

ANOM'PHALUS, from av, priir., and o/t^aXof, 
* the navel.' One devoid of navel. Many writers 
have endeavoured to show that Adam and Eve 
must have been avofiipaXoif as they could not have 
had umbilical vessels. 

ANO'XA TRIPET'ALA. A tree of the /awiVy 
Anoneas or Anonacese; Sex, tSifwt, Polyandria 
polygynia, from fifteen to twenty feet high, na- 
tive of South America, which bears a delicious 
fruit called Chirimoya. Both the fruit and flowers 
emit a fine fragrance, which, when the tree is 
covered with blossom, is almost overpowering — 

ANONIS, Ononis. 

ANONYMEj Innominatum. 

ANON'YMOUS, AHon'ymua, lnnomina'tuB,{Y,) 
Anonyme, from ay, privative, and ovo/m, ' name.' 
That which has no name. 

The word has been applied to many parts of 
the body : — to the j4iionymoiur hone or Oa inno- 
minatum: — the Anon^mou* /oratnen or Foramen 
innominntum, Ac. 


ANOPUTIIAL'MUS, Anom'matuj, from 


privative, and o^0aA/io(, 'an eye.' A monster 
devoid of eyes. 

AXOPS'IA, from av, priv., and »>!/, * the eye.' 
A case of monstrosity in which the eye and orbit 
are wanting. 


ANOR'CHIDES, from ay, priv., and o^n, 'a 
testicle.' They who are without testicles. — For- 
tnnatus Fidelis. 

ANOREX'IA, from av, priv., and opf^ir, 'ap- 
petite, /nappeten'tiaf Limo'tia expertf {F.) Perte 
d^appetit. Absence of appetite, without loathing. 
Anorexia or wont of appetite is symptomatic of 
most diseases. Also, Indigestion, Dyspepsia. 

Anorexia Exhausto'rum, Frigidity of the 
stomach — a. Mirabilis, Fasting. 

ANORGANIC, see Anhistous, and Inorganic 

ANORMAL, Abnormous. 

ANOS'IA, from a, priv., and ve«0(, 'disease.' 
Health. Freedom from disease. 

A N S ' M I A, from a, privative, and off/117, 
'odour.' Loss of smell. Diminution of the sense 
of smell. Called, also, Ano»phre'na^ Anospkra'- 
•to, Anophre'tia, Paroe'mia, Anod'mia, Anosmo'- 
sta, 0l/act<k9 amie'tio, 0. dcfic"ien9f Dytfthe'eia 
ol/acto'ria, Anatthe'eia ol/acto'ria, Odora'tut de- 
per'ditus, (F.) Perte de I'OdoraL 

ANOSMOSIA, Anosmia. 



ANSE (F.,) Anta (L.,) signifies, properly, the 
handle of .certain vessels, usually of an arched 
form. By analogy, it has been applied to that 
which is curved in the form of such handle. 
Thus, the French speak of AnM inteHinckh to 
lignify a portion of intMtinOy supported by its 

mesentery, and describing a onrred line:—- alao^ 
of Ante nerveute, Ante anattowtotiqut, Ae. 

Ante de Jil is used, in Surgery, to designate A 
thread, curved in the form of an An»t» 

ANSERINA, Potentilla anserina. 

ANSERINE, Chenopodium ambrosioidee— «• 
AnthelmiiUique, Chenopodium anthelmintienm-^ 
a. Bon Henri, Chenopodium Bonus Henrieus— «• 
Botryt, Chenopodium Botrys — a. Fftide, Cheno- 
podium vulvaria— a. Vermifuge, Chenopodiaa 

ANTACIDS, Anti-acidt, Antiae^'ida, Inwer- 
ten'tia, from anti, ' against,' and aeida, * acids.' 
Remedies which obviate acidity in the stomadi. 
They are chemical agents, and act by nentralixlng 
the acid. Those chiefly used are ammonia, ealela 
carbonas, calx, magnesia, magnesiss carbonas^ 
potasna, potasssD bicarbonas, p. carbonas, sodsi 
bicarbonas, and s. carbonas. They are, of eoarsey 
only palliatives, removing that which exists, not 
preventing the formation of more. 

ANTAG'ONISM, Antagonit'mut, AaliVfosii^ 
from avri, ' against,' and aywvi^civ, ' to act.' Ao- 
tion in an opposite direction. It applies to the 
action of muscles that act in a contrary diree- 
tion to others. In estimating the force of tht 
muscles, this antagonism must be attended to. 

A N T A G ' N I S T, Antagonit'ta, A muselo 
whose action produces an eflect contrary to thai 
of another muscle. Every muscle has its ante- 
gonist, because there is no motion in one 
tion without a capability of it in another. 


ANTAPHRODIS'IAC, Antapkrodifie, 
phroditiaeutf Anaphroditiacut, AnapkroditiaCf 
Anterot'ieut, from avri, 'against,' and a^jMit9tmn§t 
' aphrodisiac.' A substance capable of blunting 
the venereal appetite. 

ANTAPHRODITIC, Antaphrodisiae. 

ANTAPOD'OSIS, from avr««»^i6«/ic, 'I ratlin 
in exchange.' The succession and retom of tiM 
febrile periods. — Hippocrates. 

ANTAPOPLECTICUS, Antiapoplectio. 

ANT ARTHRITIC, Antiarthritie. 


ANTASTHMATICUS, Antiasthmatic 

ANTATROPII'IC, Antatropk*icut, Amiaff^ 
phut, Antiatroph'ieut, from avri, 'against,' and 
arpe^ia, ' atrophy.' A remedy opposed to atro- 
phy or consumption. 

ANTEBRACHIAL, see AntibraehiaL 

ANTECENDEN'TIA. The preonrwiy or 
warning symptoms of a disease. 

ANTELA'BIA. Prochei'la, from anfs, 'before^' 
and labia, * the lips.' The extremity of the lipi. 

ANTELOPE, Antilopus. 


ANTEM'BASIS, from avri, and qtfimtvm, <I 
enter.' JIu'tuut ingret'tut. The mutaal reeep- 
tion of bones. — Galen. 

ANTEMETIC, Antiemetic 

ANTENDEIXIS, Counter-indieation. 

ANTENDIXIS, Counter-indieation. 

ANTENEAS'MUS, from avri, 'against,' and 
'audacious.' One Aurioos against himsslC 


Mania, in which the patient attempts his own 
life. — Zacchias. 

oi'cum, Hitpid'uia, Pet cati, Eliekry*tum Moalc'* 
num, Diot'ciout Everlatt'ing, Catt/oot, (F.) Pierf 
de chat, A common European plant, which hM 
been advised in hemorrhage, diarrhcsa, 4c. 

ANTEPHIALTIC, Antiephialtic 

ANTEPILEPTIC, Antiepileptic 

ANTEPONENS, Anticipating. 

ANTEREPSIS, from avri, 'against,' and tftf 
Sit, ' I support' The re8istanc^-4ho aolidl^l^^ 
of bones. — ^Uippoorates. 

antMrisvb du mabteau 



tfmpaoi — a. dt COreilU, Anterior aoris. 

ANTB'RIOR, Anti*eu9, from ante, 'before.' 
Sitoaie before. Great confoaion has prerailed 
with anatomists in the nse of the terms be/are, 
hekimd, Ac. Generally, the word anterior is ap- 
plied to parts situate before the median line, the 
Wj being in the ereot posture, with the faee 
snd palms of the hands turned forwards; and 
tb« feet applied longitudinally together. 

Asn'RiOR Au'ris ( J/ii«c/«,) Aurieula'rit ante'- 
rior, At'trakeiu auric%Uim (F.) Auriadaire anti' 
rieur, Antirie»r dt Fortille, Zygomato^rieulaire, 
A frnaH muscle, passing from the posterior part 
of the zygoma to the helix. U»«, to draw the ear 
forwards and upwards. 

AxTERjoR Mallki, Laxator tympaoL 

ANTEROTICUS, Antaphrodisiac. 

AXTKUPHORBIUM, Cacalia antenphorbinm. 

AXTEVER'SION, Antevtr'no, Antrover'tio, 
froin ante, ' before,' and verUre, vertum, * to turn.' 
DiiipUeement of the uterus, in which the fundus 
is turned towards the pubes, whilst its orifice is 
towardf the sacrum. It may be caused by extra* 
oniinary sixe of the pelvis, pressure of the risoera 
on the uterus, Ac ; and is recognised by exami- 
BsUon per voffimain. See Retrorersio uterL 

ANTH^MOPTYiCUS, Antikamoptyleut, 
fnm mwn, 'against^' and htBmoptjfnt, 'spitting 
of blood.' Against spitting of blood. A remedy 
for ipiUang of blood — antihrnmoptyhmm {remt' 


ANTHAMORRHAGICUS, Antihemorrhagic. 

AKTHECTICU3, AntiheoUo. 

ANTHELIT'RAGUS, {¥,) AnthiUtrngxen. 
Oae of the proper mnseles of the payilion of 
the ear. 

AXTHELIX, Anti^lix, from avri, 'before,' 
lad 'ffXi(, * the helix.' An eminence on the car- 
tilage of the ear, in firont of the helix, and ex- 
tending from the concha to the groove of the 
keliz, where it bifurcates. 

A N T H E L M I N'T I C, AnHMmin'tieu$, Antu 
teoPicwgf Antheimin'tkiev§f AntiteoUt^icuB, Hel- 
mnthirtu, Melminthago'gtu, AMivermino'nUf 
Vtrmi/'^guB, Ver^mi/vge, from avri, 'againsty' 
sod 'cA^vf, 'a worm.' A remedy which de- 
stroys or expels worms, or prevents their for> 
astiott and development. The chief anthel- 
Bindcs ere, Cbenopodium, Mucu'na, Oleum ani- 
osle Dippelil, Oleum TerebinthinsB, Sodii Chlo- 
ridam, Spigelia, and Pulvis StannL See Worms. 


A5'TIIEMIS C0T'nLA,fromay6m, 'Iflower.' 
A./at'idOf Oot*tdaf C.fct'tida^ Gota, Cfynan'th^- 
ni*, Gkamtgme'lvM fce'tfdumf AnUkemis Novt" 
iofoeca'tw, Ckamomtl'la tnu' ria BWifa'tida, May- 
/owfr, Mayweed, StiiJcimg Ohamomii«, Wtld 
Ckam^omiU, Dog** fennel, DiUp, Dilweed, FUld- 
weedf Pi— weed. KaU Ord. Compositte Corym- 
bifens. Sex, Sytt, Syngenesia Soperfloa. (F.) 
Maronie, OdwtomiUe /tHde, OamomilU puante. 

This plant has a very disagreeable smell : and 
the Uftves have a strong, aorid, bitterish taste. 
It is reputed to have been osefol in hyeterioal 

AirTHsm VcrriDA, A. ootnla. 

Ax'tbbmis No'bilis, a. ociora'to, OhanuBwte'- 
'«% CkametM^lum N</biU, ChamomiVla Roma*- 
eo, Enam'ikemon, An'themis, C^iamiBme'lum odo^ 
ra^tKw, Leuean'themum, Matriea'ria, (F.) Oamo- 
•iRc AonaifM. The leaves and flowers — Anike- 
•M, Ph. U. 8. — have a strong smell, and bitter, 
Bsaseoos taste. The flowen are chiefly used. 
Tbsypoasess tonio and stomachic properties, and 
irs aneh given aa a pleasant and cheap bitter. 
Adaple iiifiulo& ia taken to prodnee. ox to asiist 


vomiUng. Bxtomally, they aro often med la 

The (yieum Antkem'idiw possesses the aromatio 
properties of the plant, but not the bitter and 
tome. Consequently, the ' Ohanwmile Droptf ai 
sold by the druggists, must be devoid of the lat- 
ter qualities. They are made by adding OL 
anthemi, f ^. to iSjp. etnt reetif. Oj. 

Anthkmis Novebobaoinsib, a. Cotola. 

Anthbvis Odorata, a. ootula. 

Ajf'THEMis pT'BBTHRnM, Pif^rethrum, Anaeyt^m 
lua j^retkrum, Pyrethrum vemm, Buf^hal'mum 
Cre*tieum, Denta'ria, Herha ealiva'ritf Peu Aleg^ 
andri'nuBf Spanith Chamomile, Pellitory of Spain, 
(F.) Pyrithre, Racine tcUivaire, Pied d^Alexan* 
dre. The root is hot and acrid, its acrimony re« 
siding in a resinous principle. It is never used 
except as a mastioatoryin toothache, rheumatism 
of the face, paralysis of the tongue, Ac It aeti 
as a powerfVil sialogogue. 

The Pellitory of the shops in Germany is said 
to be derived from Anaeyc'ltu offieina'rum; a 
plant cultivated in Thuringia for medicinal pur- 

Aji'thbmib Tixtcto'bia, BuphthaVmi Berha, 
Dyer^e Chamomile, a European plant, has a bitter 
and astringent taste, and has been regarded sto- 
machio and vulnerary. (F.) Oamomille dee Tein^ 
twriere, (Eil de Bixuf, 

Abthbmis Vulgabis, Matriearia Chamomilla. 

ANTHE'RA, fh>m ayO^pof, 'florid,' so called 
flrom its florid colour. A remedy compounded of 
several shbstanoes, myrrh, sandarac, alum, saf- 
firon, Ae. It was used nnder the form of lini- 
ment, eollyrinm, electuary, and powder. — Celsns^ 


ANTHORA, Aoonitnm anthora— a. Ynlgarii^ 
Aconitum anthora. 

ANTHORIS'MA, fh>m am, 'against,' and 
optvfia, 'boundary.' Tumor diffWeue, A tumor 
without any defined margin. 

ANTHOS: see Rosmarinna — a. 8ylvestri% 
Ledum sylvestre. 

ANTHRA'CIA, firom av5fMi{, 'eoaL' Oir&im^ 
emlar Exan'them. An eruption of tumours, im- 
perfectly suppurating, with indurated edges, and, 
for the most part, a sordid and sanious core. A 
genus in the oilier Exantkematiea, dass Ae- 
maiiea of Good, and including Plague and Taws. 

AjrrHRAOiA, Anthraoosis — a. Pestis, Plagn»« 
a. Rubula, Frambcssia. 

ANTHRACION, see Anthrax. 

AN'THRACOID, AtUhvaeo'dee, from av9Mf» 
'eoal,' and «3os> 'resemblance.' (F.) Charion* 
neux. Am black as ooaL Accompanied by or 
resembling anthrax. 


ANTHRACONEOROSIS, see Sphaeehifl. 



ANTHRACO'SIS, AnMro'cio, (hrho Paljpe- 
bra'rum, from av^pai, ' a coal.-' A species of car- 
buncle, which attacks the eyelids and globe of 
the eye. — Paulus of ^gina. Also, a carbuncle 
of any kind. It has been used for the "black lung 
of coal miners," which is induced by carbona- 
ceous aeeumuladon in the lungs. Peeudo-melom 
nofie formation, (Carswell). When ulceration 
results from this cause, btaek pkthieie, (F.) Phtki* 
eie avee Milanoee, exists. See Melanosis. 

Anthracosib PuLXoirtrM, see Melanosis. 


ANTHRAKOK'ALI, LUkanihrmkoValij from 
ovOpo^, 'coa^' and Ao/t, 'potassa.' An artide in- 
troduoed as a remedy in cntaneons diseases. It 
is formed by dissolving carbonate of potassa in 
10 or 12 parts of boiling water, and adding ai 




m^th ■Uttked lime m will sepanto the potassa. 
The filtered liqaor is placed on the fire In an iron 
▼euel, and suflfered to evaporate, until neither 
froth nor efferveecenoe occurs, and the liquid pre- 
sents a nmooth surface like oil. To this, levigated 
coal is added in the proportion of 160 grammes 
to 192 grammes of potassa. The mixture is 
stirred, and removed from the fire, and the stir- 
ring is continued, until a black homogeneous 
powder results. A •ulphuretted antkrahokali is 
made by mixing accurately 16 grammes of sul- 
phur with the coal, and dissolving the mixture in 
the potassa as directed above. The dose of the 
simple and sulphuretted preparations is about 
two grains three times a day. 

ANTHRAX, avBfia^f * a coal,' Antrax, CarbOf 
Hubi'mu venUf Oodetel'lOf Erytke'magangrmno*' 
sunt, QrantrWtum,, Prutuif Per'Wetw Iffni*, Pyra, 
Oranatria'tum, Phyma AnthraXy Erythema an- 
thraXf Carbun'cultUf Antkrtico'naf Antkraeo'tnaf 
Ah9ee«'§tt§ gangrcenet'cetUf A. gangrano* §utf Fu- 
run'culu9 meUtg'nuMf F, gangrano'nttf Oarbunclct 
(F.) Charbon, An inflammation, essentially gan- 
grenous, of the cellular membrane and skin, 
which may arise from an internal or external 
cause. In the latter case it is called Anthra'ctoHf 
Vetic'tUa gangrane^cena, Antkruemphlge'tU, Put- 
tule maligne; Bouton tFAlepf Feu PernquCf (Pcr^ 
9tanjire)f Malvatf Bouton ma/i'n, Puee malignef and 
is characterised at the outset by a vesication or 
bleb filled with a sero-sanguinolent fluid, under 
which a small induration is formed, surrounded 
by an areolar inflammation, which becbmes gan- 
grenous. It has been thought by some to be in- 
duced altogether by contact with the matter of 
the carbuncle of animals, or of the exuviss of 
the bodies of such as had died of the disease, 
but it is now known to arise primarily in the 
human subject. This form of carbuncle has re- 
ceived different names, many of them from the 
places where it has prevailed ; — Carbun'emiut 
eontagio'mt sen Oal'liciu seu Hunga'ricut seu 
polon'\cu» sen Septentriona'ti; Morbut puttvlo'tua 
Fin'nieut, Ptu'tula gangranoaa sen Liv'ida E9- 
iko'nia, Pemphigut Hwngar'ieua. 

An^rax Is a malignant boil, and its treatment 
Ss similar to that which is required in case of 
gangrene attacking a part. 

Ajtthrax Pui^monum, Neeropneumonia. 

refo'lium — a. Humilis, ChsBrophyllum Sylvestre 
-—a. Procerus, ChsBrophyllum Sylvestre. 


«vOpwiror, * man,' and lar^i, * a physician.' Me- 
dicme applied to man in oontradistinction to 

ANTHROPOCHEMIA, Chymistry (human). 

ANTHROPOCHYMY, Chymistry, (human). 

ANTHROPOGBN'IA, Anthropogen'etit, An- 
thropog"eng, from av^puTos, 'man,' and ytv^oti, 
' generation.' The, knowlege, or study, or phe- 
nomena of human generation. 

ANTHROPO G'RAPHY, Antlropograph'ia, 
from avOpwirof, ' man,' and ypo^i?, ' a description.' 
Anthropology. A description of tiie human body. 

ANTHROPOL'ITHUS, from v^wt, 'man,' 
and X<9of, 'a stone.' The petrifaction of the 
human body or of any of its parts. Morbid con- 
cretions in the human body. 

ANTHROPOL'OGY, AntKrop<^"%a, from 
«v9pMvo(, 'man,, and Aoyo;, 'a discourse.' A 
treatise on man. By some, this word is used for 
^e science of the structure and funotions of the 
human body. Frequently, it is employed synony- 
mooslj with Nahiiral Hkian/ and Phynologg of 


ANTHRO'POMANCY, AnthropomafUi'a, from 
av^pwiro(, 'a man,' and uavruof 'divination.' Di- 
vination by inspecting tne entrails of a dead man. 
ANTHROPOM'ETRY, from av^puirot, 'a man/ 
and fLcrpov, ' measure.' Measurement of the di- 
mensions of the different parts of the human 
ANTHROPOMORPHUS, Atropa mandragora. 
ANTHROPOPH'AGUS, (F.) Anthropophagt, 
from avSfuwotf 'a man,' and ^ayw, 'I eat' A 
name given to one who eats his own species. 

ANTHROPOPH'AGY, Antkropopha'gia, same 
etymon. The custom of eating human flesh. A 
disease in which there is groat desire to eat it. 
ANTHROPOTOMY, Andranatomia. 
ANTHUS, Flos. 

ANTHYPNOT'IC, Anthypnot*%cu», Antihyp- 
not'tCf Agrypnot'iCf from avri, 'agains^t,' and 
'vtrviartKOi, ' stupefying.' A remedy for stupor. 

ANTIIYPOCHON'DRIAC, Anthypochondrt'. 
ociM, from avTt, 'against,' and 'vnoj^oviptaKos, 'hy- 
pochondriac.' A remedy for hypochondriasis. 

ANTHYSTER'IC, Antihyrter'ie, Antihytter'. 
fctM, from am, ' against,' and \artpa, * the ute- 
rus.' A remedy for hysteria. 

ANTI, avTij as a prefix, in composition, gene- 
rally means ' opposition.' 
ANTIADE8, TonsUs. 
ANTIADITIS, Cynanche tonsillaris. 
AXTIADON'CUS, from avrtaiti, 'the tonsils,' 
and oyttotf ' tumour.' A swelling of the tonsils. 
— Swediaur. ArUi'ager has a similar meaning. 
Aktiadoncus Inflammatorius, Cynanche ton- 

ANTIAPOPLEC'TIC, AntiapoplecUicut, Anta- 
poplec'tictUf ApopUc'txcu»f from avri, 'against,' 
and aroirhiiiaf 'apoplexy.' A remedy for apo- 
ANTIARTHRIT'IC, Antarihrit'icy AnHar- 
thrit'icutf Antipodag'ric, from am, ' against,' and 
ap^MTiff 'the gout,' (F.) Antigmttteux, A re- 
medy for gout. 

ANTIASTHEN'IC, Antiatthen'icug, from am, 
' against,' and avOtPua, * debility.' A remedy for 

ANTIASTHMAT'IC, Antiatthmaftcut, An- 
tatthmat'ieutf from avr^, 'against,' and av^/ia, 
' asthma.' A remedy for asthma. 
ANTIBDELLA, AnUia sanguisuga. 
ANTIBRA'CHIAL, AnftfrracAtV/M. That 
which concerns the fore-arm. — Bichat J. Clo- 
quet suggests that the word should be written an" 
tebrachialf from ante, 'before,' and brachium, 
'the arm :' — as antebrachial region, antebrachial 
aponcMroM, Ac. 

Ahtkbra'chial ApoKErBo'sTS, (F.) Aponfv- 
rote antibraehiale, is a portion of the aponeurotic 
sheath which envelops the whole of the upper 
limb. It arises from the brachial aponeurosis, 
from a fibrous expansion of the tendon of the 
biceps muscle, from the epicondyle, epitrochlea, 
and, behind, from the tendon of the triceps bra- 
chialis. Within, it is inserted into the cubitus, 
Ac. ; and, below, is confounded with the two an- 
nular ligaments of the carpus. It is covered by 
the skin, by veins, lymphatics, and by filaments 
of superficial nerves; it covers the muscles of the 
fore-arm, adheres to them, and sends between 
them several fibrous septa, which serve them for 
points of insertion. 




AirriBKO'MIG, AnHbr</m%ou», from am, 
'MfjtuiBt,' and 0pmfus, 'foetor.' A Deo'doriaer. 
An agent Uiat destroya offenanre odonra — aa 
chloride of aioc, simple aulphate of alumina, Ao. 

ANTICACHfiC'TIC, Antteaekec'tieui, Antiea- 
tockym'ie, from am, 'againat,' and «a;^c^ia| 'ca- 
cbexj.' A remedy against cachexy. 


ANTICAN'CEHOUS, AnHcaneer9'9n9, AnH- 
•anero'ttUf Anticareinom'cUoutf Antitcir'rhoiUf 
from mrrtf 'againat,' and ca^iM»fia, ' oanoer,' car- 
ciDorna. Opponed to caooer. 

ANTIC AKCROS US. Andcancerona. 


ANTICARDIUM, Fo$9ctte da ecBur, Scrobicu- 
loa oordia. 

AXTICATAR'RHAL, Antieatarrhanu, Ami- 
tatarrkoUMBf from am, 'against,' and icarafpos, 
'catarrh.' A remedy for catarrh. 

ANTICAUSOD'IC, Antieantofie, Anticattwd*- 
ieiu, from aim, * against,' and xavootf * a burning 
ferer.' A remedy for eauMM or inflammatory ferer. 


ANTICUEIR, Pollez, aee Digitna. 

AXTICHCERADICUS, Antisorofnloua. 

AXTICUOLERICA, Bophora heptaphylla. 

ANTICIPATING, Antic"ipan», Antepo'nena, 
ProUpt'ietu, A periodical phenomenon, recnr- 
nD% at progrca<iively shorter interrals. An an- 
Heifotimg itUermitUiU ia one in which the inter- 
Tall between the paroxyama beeome progreaaiYely 


AXTICCECR, Scrobicniua cordis. 

ANTICOL'IC, Aii«»tforiViw,fromam, 'against,' 
and ntXiKos, ' the oolic' That which ia oppoaed 

ANTICOMMA, Ckmire-coap, 

ANTICOPE, G<mtre-c<nip, 

ANTICRUSIS, Vontrt-coup, 

AXTICRUSMA, Contre-eotip. 

ANTICUS, Anterior. 

ASTIDARTREUX, Antiherpetie. 

ANTIDEIXIS, Connter-indication. 

ANTIDIARRHOB'IC, AnHdiarrka'icua. A 
remedy for diarrhoea. Opposed to diarrhoea.' 

ANTID'INIC, Antidin'ieut, />tii'ieiw,from am, 
'againit,' and int, 'yertigo.' Opposed to rertigo. 

ANTIDOTAL, Antidota'lis, same etymon aa 
amtidou. Relating to an antidote ; poaaeaaed of 
the powers of an antidote. 

ANTIDOTA'RIUM, from amUnv, 'an anti- 
^<Me.* A dispensatory. A pharmacopoeia or for- 

ANTIDOTE, AfUid'otum, from am, 'against,' 
and id^jn^ ' I giro.' Originally thia word signi- 
fied an inUrtuil remedy. It ia now used synony- 
BoQsly with eounUr-poUoH, Antiphar'maeHm, and 
li^ailitef any remedy capable of combating the 
•fiect of poisons. 

A LUt of SMh$tane€9 

1. Mbtam. 
Iron Filinjis. 
Zinc Pilings. 

2. Acwa. 

Tianie Acid. 

Aoeue or Citric Acid. 

3. Salts. 

Alktriae or Earthy Sul' 

CWorMe of Sodlnm. 
Brpedri«rti« of Soda or 

of Ume. 

4. AbaAuaaa. 

CarVwat^ of Ammonia. 


reputed aa Antidotte. 


5. SoLranarra. 
Sulpbttfctted HydrofeOf 

diflsniTed in water. 
Salpharei of Potassium. 

6. Haloids. 

7. Mbtallic Oxioaa. 
Hydrated Bcsqul^oxide of 

Mixed Oxides of Iron. 

e. Organic Sobstancss. 
Albuminous Substances, 

(Albumen, Casein, and 


Animal CharooaL 

maoos — a. Mithridatium, Mithridate. 

ANTIDTIVAMICA, Debilitants. 


ANTIDTSENTER'IC, Aart<fy«eii(er'ttfua, fit>m 
am, 'against,' Svg, 'with difficulty,' and im-tpov, 
* intestine.' Opposed to dysentery. 

ANTIEMET'IC, Antemeeic, Antiemet'ieue, 
from avri, 'against,' and c/icriKor, 'emetic' A 
remedy for vomiting. 

AniiepkiaVtieuM, from avri, 'against,' and c^toX- 
Tttt 'nightmare.' A remedy for nightmare. 

AntiepiUp'ticuM, from avri, 'against,' and en- 
kn^iai 'epilepsy.' A remedy for epilepsy. 


ANTIGALAC'TIC, Antigalae'tieue, Antilac'- 
tet$e, from avri, 'against,' and ya^^t 'milk.' (F.) 
Antilaiteux. Opposed to the secretion of milk^ 
or to diseases caused by the milk. 

eoUyrium of ANna'CKTB. It waa composed of 
oadmia, antimony, pepper, verdigris, gum Arable^ 
and water. 

ANTIGUA, see West Indies. 

ANTIHJEMOPTYICUS, Anthmmoptyicua. 

ANTIHEC'TIC, Afi(ir*«e'(teu«. AnfAee'tieiM^ 
ftx>m am, 'against,' and '<Ccf, 'habit of body.' 
The Antikee'tieum Pote'rii is the white oxyd of 
antimony ; also called DtopAoret'icvai Jovia'U, 



ANTIHEMORRHAG''IG, Antikamorrkag"^ 
ieu9, Antkesmorrkcuf"ieuM ; from avn, 'against,' 
and 'aifioppayia, 'hemorrhage.' That which Li 
against hemorrhage; aa antihemorrhagic re- 

ANTIHEMORRHOID'AL, Antikigmorrkt^ 
da'lxe, from avri, 'against,' and 'aifioMoi^cf, 'he- 
morrhoids.' A remedy for hemorrhoids. 

ANTIHERPET'IC, Antikerpeeietu, from avrU 
' against,' and 'cpve;, 'herpes.' (F.) Anlt<2artreiMs» 
A remedy for herpes. 

ANTIHYDROPHOB'IC, AntikydrapkoViey^ 
AnijfMeue, Alye'nu, from avri, 'against,' 'vii^ 
'water,' and ^ofiot, 'dread.' A remedy for hy- 

ANTIHTDROP'IO, Antikydrop'ieue, ffvdrop^- 
t'eiia, from avri, 'against,' and 'vipiaxf/, 'dropsy/ 
A remedy for dropsy. 

ANTIHYPNOTIC, Anthypnotic 

ANTIHY8TERIC, AnUhysteric 

ANTI-ICTERIC, Anti-ieter'ieue, leter'ieut, 
from avri, 'against,' and timpos, 'jaundice' A 
remedy for jaundice. 

Liquor Hydrargyri oxymuriatis. 

ANTILABIUM, Prolabium. 

ANTILACTEUS, Antigalactic 

ANTILAITEUX, Antigalactic 

ANTILEP'SIS, Appreken*nQ, from mrnXa/i- 
^avw, ' I take hold of.' The mode of attaching 
a bandage over a diseased part, by fixing it upon 
the sound parts. — Hippocrates. The mode of 
securing bandages, Ac, from slipping. Treat- 
ment by revulsion or derivation. 

ANTILETHAR'GIO, AntiUtkar'gieue, from 
avri, 'against,' and X^OapyiKof, 'affected with 
lethargy.' A remedy for lethargy. 

ANTILITH'ICS, AntUitk'iea, Utk'iea, from 
avri, ' against,' and Xi6bf, ' a stone.' A substance 
that prevents the formation of calculi in the 
urinary organs. 

The chief antilithies — accordfaig as the calculi 

are lithic acid or phosphatic — are alkalies or 

acids ; with revellents, especially change of afr| 

tonics, as diosma crenata, (?) and uva ar8i.(?) 





aelebrated French medicinal spring, near M^aax, 
in France. The waters hare not been analyzed ; 
but astonishing and chimerical effects have been 
ascribed to them. 

ANTILOBf UM. Antitragns, Tragus. 

ANTILOI'MIC, Antiloi'mieu§, AntiUx'mtetAfi- 
tipettilentia'lU, from avri, < against,' and Xo<^o(, 
' the plagne.' A remedy for ue plague. 

ANTIL'OPUS. The An'teUnte. {¥.) GaaelU. 
An African animal, whose hoou and horns were 
formerly given in hysteric and epileptic cases. 

ANTILYSSUS, Antihydrophobic. 

ANTIMEL'ANCHOLIC, Antitnelanchol'ieuB, 
from arrtf 'against/ and ficXap^oXto, 'melan- 
choly.' A remedy for melancholy. 

ANTIMEPHIT'IC, Antimephificuf, from am, 
'against,' and mephitie, A remedy against me- 
phitic or deleterious gases. 

ANTIMOINE, Antimonium — o. Beurre cT, 
Antimonium muriatum— a. Ohhrure <f , Antimo- 
nium muriatum — a. Oxide d*, Algaroth — a. Oxide 
,hlanc d*, Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. Sou/re 
dori d*, Antimonii sulphuretum praecipitatum — 
a. Sulfure d\ Antimonium — o. Sulfuri, hydroeul- 
phure rouge d', Antimonii sulphuretum rubrum 

— a. Verre d*, Antimonii ritrum. 
ANTIMO'NIAL, Antimonia'lia, Stibia'li; from 

antimonium, 'antimony.' A composition into 
which antimony enters. A preparation of anti- 

Antivo'icial Powder, Pulvie antinumia'li§f 
Ox'idum antimo'nii cum phosphate ealeitf Pko9- 
phcu ccUcie 9txbia'tu»j P. Cal'cicum •(»6t a'him, 
JPulvit Jame'ni, Pulvit •tibia* tm, Pulvit de phoa'- 
phati calcit et ttib'ii eompoe'itua, Faetitiou9 
JUiEs's Powder, Schwanbebo's Fever Powder, 
Cheneyix'b AntimonicU Powder, (F.) Poudre 
antimoniaU eompoeie ou de Jambs. A peroxide 
of antimony combined with phosphate of lime. 
( Take of common eulphuret of antimony, tt>j ; 
hartthorn §having§, Ibij. Roast in an iron po^ 
nntil they form a gray powder. Put this into a 
long pot, with a small hole in the cover. Keep 
it in a red heat for two hours, and grind to a fine 
powder.) This preparation has long been es- 
teemed as a febrifhge: but it is extremely un- 
certain in its action. The ordinary dose is 6 or 
8 grains. 


sulphuretum prsDcipitatum — a. Tartar, Antimo- 
nium tartarizatum. 

ANTIMONU (BUTYRUM,) Antimonium mu- 
riatum — a. Calx, Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. 
CeruBsa, Antimonium diaphoreticum — a. et Po- 
tasssB tartras, Antimonium tartarixatum — a. Mu- 
rias, Antimonium muriatum — a. Oleum, Antimo- 
nium muriatum — a. Oxydulum hydrosulphuratum 
aurantiacum, Antimonii sulphuretum prsecipita- 
tum — a. Oxydum, Algaroth — a. Oxydum auratum, 
Antimonii sulphuratum prascipitatum — a.Oxidum 
nitro-muriaUcum, Algaroth — a. Oxydum cimi 
sulphure vitrifaotum, Antimonii vitrum — a. Oxy- 
dum sulphuretum ritrifactum, Antimonii vitrum 
—a. Oxysulphuretum, A. sulphuretum prrooipi- 
tatum — a. Potassio-tartras, Antimonium tartari- 
u^nm — a. Regulus medicinalis, Antimonium me- 
dicinale — a. Sal, Antimonium tartarizatum — a. 
Sulphur auratum, Antimonii sulphuretum prss- 
eipitatum— a. Sulphur praocipitatum, Antimonii 
sulphuretum prascipitatum — a. Sulphuretum, An- 
timonium— a. Tartras, Antimonium tartarizatum 

— a. Tartras et Potassse, Antimonium tartariza- 
tum-~a. Vitrum hyacinthinum, Antimonii vitrum. 

ANTiMo'ini Sulphubb'tum Prbcipita'tum, 
Sulphur andmonia'tum, ffydrotulphure'tum Mti- 
Uo'eum eum 9ul*phuri, Oxo'dM Hib'ii 9uiphuraf^ 

turn, Oxyd'ulum antimo^nii hydroivlpiku ra ' tm m 
auranti'aeum, Ox'ydum aura*tum afOimo'nii, AU- 
phure'tum Hib'ii oxydula'H, Sydro-ndfure'tmm 
tu'teum ox'ydi etib'ii ntl/ura'H, Sulphttr amtimo^* 
nii prtBcipita'tum, Sulpkur a«ra'<Ma antimafmilif 
Oolden Sulphur of Antimony, 

Antimo'nii Sulphure' turn PrmeipUatum, A,OaM» 
eulphuretum, (F.) Soufre dori d^Antimoine, of tn« 
London Pharmacopceia, is nearly the same as th« 
old Kermee Mineral It is a powder of an orang* 
colour, of a metallic, styptic taste. It is emetic^ 
diaphoretic, and cathartic, according to the dose; 
and has been chiefly used in chronic rhetnnatSsmy 
and in cutaneous affections. Dose, gr. j. to gr. iv. 

Antimonii\ Sulphuretum Praeipitatum cf the 
United States Pharmacopoeia, is made by boiling 
together Sulphuret of Antimony, in fine powder. 
Solution of Potamia, and dietilUd water ; strain- 
ing the liquor while hot, and dropping into H 
Diluted Sulphuric Acid so long aa it produces « 

Antimo'nii Sulphubb'tum Rubbvm, Bed SuP» 
phuret of An'timony, Hydroeul/ure'tum etiVU 
rubrumt Sub-hydroaul'/ae ttib'ii, Uydro-eulpkunf^ 
turn rubrum etib'ii eulphura'tif Pulvi§ Oarthuai' 
ano'rum, Kermea mineral, (F.) Hydrotul/uf 
rouge d'Antimoine eul/uri, Vermilion de Provence, 
Properties the same as the last Dose, gr. J. to 
gr. iv. 

Ammio'Hn Vitrum, Olaee of Antimony, AnU^ 
mo' nii ox'ydum eulphure'tnm vitrifac'tum, Oae'- 
ydum 9tib'ii eemivit'reum, Antimo'nium vitrifac^^ 
turn,, Ox'idum antimo'nii cum nWphure vitrifcn/' 
turn, Vitrum etib'ii, Antimo'nii vitrum AvoetV- 
thinum, Oxyd'ulum etib'ii vitrea'tum, (F.) Verre 
d^Antimoine. (Formed by roasting powdered 
common antimony in a shallow vessel, orer ft 
gcnUe fire, till it is of a whitish gray colour, and 
emits no fumes in a red heat ; then melting it, <m 
a quick fire, into a clean, brownish-rod glfl«s.) 
It has been used for preparing the tarUriied 
antimony and antimonial wine. 

AKTIMONIOUS ACID, Antimoniam di». 

ANTIMO'NIUM, from avn, 'against,' and 
ftovof, ' alone ;' i. e. not found alone : or aooord- 
ing to others, from avrt, ' against,' and moine, * a 
monk;' because, it is asserted, certain monki 
suffered much from it Stibi, Stib'ium, Jteg'ulm 
Antimo'nii, Minera'lium, Cfynacc'um, Magntfeia 
Satur'ni, Marcaei'ta plum'bea, Platyophtkaffmon^ 
Stim'mi, Aurum lepro'eum, Antimo'nium eruduMf 
Antimo'nii eulphure'tum, Sulphure'tum etib'ii ai- 
grum. Common Antimony, Sulphuret of Antiwumyf 
(F.) Antimoine, Sulfure d'Antimoine. Sulphuret 
of antimony is the ore from which all the prepa- 
rations of antimony are formed. In Pharmacy, 
it is the native sesqnisulphuret of antimony, poii- 
fied by fusion. When prepared for medical use^ 
by trituration and Icvigation, it forms a powder 
of a black, or bluish gray colour, which is inso- 
luble. It is slightly diaphoretic and alterative, 
and has been used in chronic rheumatism, cuta- 
neous diseases, Ac, 

ANTiM0!nuM Album, Bismuth. 

Antimo'nium Calcinatum, Antimoniam dia- 

Antimo'nium Diaphorbt'icum, Diaphoret'ie 
Antimony f Antimo'nious Acid, Min'eral Jjez'oard, 
Antimo'nium Oalcina'tum, Mineral Diaphoretfic, 
Matiire perKe de kbbkring. Peroxide of Anti- 
mony, Calx Antimo'nii, Antimo'nium diaphoretf" 
icum latum, Oerua'ea Antimo'nii, Calx Antinu/nii 
elo'ta, Oxo'dee etib'ii album, Oxfidum etibio'tum, 
Deutoxide of An'timony, Ox'idum ttib'ii album 
median'ti nitro confeetum, Potaaea biantiwM'nia»f 
(F.) Oxide blanc d'Antimoine prfpari pmr U 
moyen du nitra. ( Common anttmat^, Ibj ; j tmr ^ e d 




wittt, ft^J• — ^Throw it by BpoonfoU into ft red-hot 
cnwible; powder and wash. The llowere that 
•tiek to the aide .of the emoible mnBt bo oareftilly 
, ae|»arated, othwwiae they render it emetio.) 
Soee, gr. z. to zxx. 

Awtthokhsh EMBncmr, A. tartarisatom. 

Asrnto'jtiJiM Mbdicika'lK, Iieg*ulu9 Antimo*' 
Mt Mtdieitta'lUt Medieinal Meg*nlu» of Antimony, 
{Aaitimcm. 9vdphw. ^T. PoUut, Mubearb. §L Sodii 
ddoriiL ^iT. Powder, mix, and melt. When 
eold, Boparate the acoria) at top, powder the mass, 
aad waah it welL) It ia conceired to be more 
aetire Uian common antimony. 

Ajnmio'inuic Mubia'tum, Antitno'nii Mu'riaB, 
Oklor'wrtt of An'timony, CMorure'tum, atib'ii, 
8pmma trimn draet/nuMf Deuto-muriat Mtib'ii 
9Miwut'ht0, Butttr of Antimony, Muriate of An- 
timomw. Chloride of Antimony ^ Buty^rum Antimo' 
uUf (rhum Antimo'nii, Buty'rum fft6'ti, Caua'- 
ticmm QMtimonia'Uf Antimonium BalVtum, (F.) 
OUormn eTAntimoine, Beurre d^Antimoine. (Com- 
BOB antimony and eorroiive sublimate, or each 
equal parte : grind together, and distil in a wide- 
necked retort, and let the butyraceoos matter 
that eomea over, ran, in a moist place, to a liquid 
mL) a oaastic, but not much used as snoh. 
Sometimes taken as poison. 

AxTiMoiaux Salituh, Antimonium muriatnm. 

AxTOCo'inuiK Tartariza'tux, Tartri§ Anti- 
mo'nii, Tartar AntimoniaUum, Sal Antimo'nii, 
Torirat PotoM'sm Hibio'nu sea ttibia'liw, Tartris 
fixiVwB atibia'tuB, Beuto-tartraspotas' 9<g etatib'ii, 
Tar'tams emet'icut, Tar'tarum emet'ieum, Tartrag 
matimt/niiy Tartrat Antimo'nii et Potatta, Anti- 
m/nii eg Potasea Tartraa (Ph. U. S.), Antitno'nii 
fotaa'no-4artra», Antinto'nium emet'ieum. Tar*' 
tariMed An'timony, Tartrtite of An'timonu and 
potoi'ea, Pota—io-tartrate of Antimony, Emet'ic 
Tnrtar, Tartar Emetic, (F.) Tartrt Btibii, Tartre 
SmHique, Emitique / in some parts of the United 
States, mlgArly and improperly called Tartar: 
(Made by digesting eulpkuret of antimony in a 
Boxtore of nitric and muriatic acide with the aid 
of heat ; liltering the liquor, and pouring it into 
wafer: freeing the precipitate ft-om acid, by 
washing and drying it; adding this powder to 
hitartraie of potaeea in boiling dietiUed tDOter ; 
b'riling for an hoar, and after ^tering the liquor 
while hot, setting it aside to crystallise.— Ph. U. S.) 
Tartarixed antimony is emetic, sometimes oa^ 
thvtie and dtaphoretio. Externally, it is rube- 
fMient Doae, aa an emetio, gr. j. to gr. ir. in 
nlotioB : aa a diaphoretic, gr. one-sixteenth to 
gr. one-qoarter. 

The empirical preparation, called Norrib's 
Diopa, eonaiat of a solution of tartarixed anti- 
mony in reeiijied eyirit, disguised by the addi- 
tion of some vegetable colonring matter. 

AxTDfosTftrv VrrRiVACTuii, Antimonii ritrum. 

ANTIMONY, BUTTER OF, Antimonium mn- 
natam — a. .Chloride of, Antimonium moriatum — 
a. Chloraret of, Antimonium muriatnm — a. Deu- 
toxide of, Antimonium diapboreticum — a. Flowers 
of, Algaroth — a. Glass of, Antimonii Yitrum — a. 
Ooldeo snlphnr of, Antimonii sulphnretum prss- 
npitatum-— «. Medicinal, regulns of, Antimonium 
medicinale — a. Muriate of, Antimonium muria- 
fan a. Peroxide of, Antimonium diapboreticum 
~«. Potassio-tartrate of, Antimonium tartarisa- 
teai — a. Sabmariate of, Protoxide of, Algaroth — 
^ Solphnret of, red, Antimonii sulphnretum m- 
knm — k Tartarised, Antimonium tartarisatom 
~-^ Vegetable, Eupatorium perfoliatum. 


aofihun tartarixsitam. 

ANTIKBPHRIT'IC, Antinepkrefie, Antine- 
fkrefioue, from am, 'against,' and n^pirtSf 'ne- 
phrilis.' A remedy for inflammation of the kidney. 



ANTINIAD, see AntiniaL 

ANTIN'IAL, from am, 'against,' and ivtop^ 
'the ridge of the oocipnt.' An epithet for an 
aspect towards the side opposite to the inion, or 
ridge of the occiput. — Barclay. Antiniad is used 
adverbially by the same writer, to signify 'to- 
wards the antinial aapect.' 

ANTI'OOHI HI 'ERA. A preparation ex- 
tolled by the ancients in melancholy, hydropho- 
bia, epUepsy, Ac It was formed of germander, 
agaric, pulp of colocynth, Arabian stoechas, opo- 
ponax, sagapenum, parsley, aristolochia, white 
pepper, cinnamon, lavender, myrrh, honey, Ac 

Ajttiochi Thbriaca. a theriao employed by 
Antiochus against every kind of poison. It was 
composed of thyme, opoponax, millet, trefoil, 
fennel, aniseed, nigella sativa, Ac. 

ANTIODONTAL'GIC, AntodontaVgie, Anlo- 
dontal'gieue, Odontal'gic, Odontic, AtUiodontal'" 
gieuM, nrom am, 'against,' and o^ovroAyia, 'tooth- 
ache' A remedy for toothache. 

ANTIOROAS'TIO, Antiorpae'tieue, from am, 
.'against,' and opyau, 'I desire vehemently.' A 
remedy for orgasm or erethism, and for irritation 
in general. 

ANTIPARALYT'IC, Antiparalyfieue, from 
am, 'against,' and wafiaXvng, 'palsy.' Opposed 
to palsy. 

ANTIPARASITIC, Antiparaeifieue, Anti^ 
pktheiriaeue, Phthi'riue, Paraeit'ieide; from am, 
' against,' and xapaetrot, ' a parasite.' An agent 
that destroys parasites, as the different vermin 
that infest the body. The chief antiparasitics 
are Oocculus, Staphieagria, Veratrum album, and 
certain of the mercurial preparations. 

ANTIPARASTATI'TIS, from am, 'opposite,' 
and wapafftartis, 'the epididymis;' also, 'the pros- 
tate,' and itie, denoting inflammation. Inflam- 
mation of Cowper's glands. 

ANTIPATHI'A, from am, 'against,' and 
iraAof, 'passion, aifection.' Aversion. A natural 
repugnance to any person or thing. 

ANTIPATH'IC, Antipath'ieue, (P.) Antipa^ 
tkique. Belonging to antipathy. Opposite, con- 
trary, — as humeure antipathiquee ; humours op- 
posed to each other. Also, palliative. 

tip' ATE R. A farrago of more than 40 artides; 
need as an antidote against the bites of serpents. 

ANTIPERIOD'IC, AntipeHod'icne, Antityp^- 
ieu9, from ayrt, 'against,' and vtpio^s, 'period.' 
A remedy which possesses the power of arresting 
morbid periodical movements;— e. g. the sulphate 
of quinia in intermittents. 

ANTIPERISTAL'TIC, Antiperietal'tieuB, An- 
tivermic'ular, from am, 'against,' and npivrsXXta, 
* I contract.' An inverted action of the intestinal 

ANTIPERIS'TASIS, from am, 'against,' and 
wtfioraetg, 'reunion, aggregation.' A union of 
opposite drcnmstances : the action of two oon- 
trary qualities, one of which augments the force 
of the other. The peripateticians asserted, that 
it is by Antiperistasis, that fire is hotter in winter 
than in summer. Theophrastus attributes the 
cause, which renders man more vigorous, and 
makes him digest more readily in winter, to the 
angmentation of heat caused by Antiperistasis. 

ANTIPER'NIUS, from avu, 'against,' and 
Pernio, 'a chilblain.' A remedy against chil- 
blains; — as Unguen'tum antiper'nium, an oint- 
ment for chilblains. 

ANTIPERTU8SIS, see Zinci sulphas. 


ANTIPUARMACUS, Alexipharmic 

ANTIPHLOGIS'TIC, Antiphlogit'ticui, fron 




fyri, 'ag&ixisV and ^X<y», 'I burn.' Opposed 
to inflammation ; — as AnHphlogittie remedies, A, 
regimtny Ac. 

ANTIPHTHEIBIACA, AniipKikiriaea, from 
am, 'a^^ainst^' and ^^upiaw, 'I am lonsy.' A 
remedy used to destroy lice. 

ANTIPHTHIS'ICAL, Antipktkie'ieue, from 
«yrc, 'againsV and i^iea, 'consumption/ Op- 
posed to phthisis. 

ANTIPHYSICA, CarminatiTcs. 

ANTIPHTS'IOAL, Antipkye'ieue, from «m, 
'against,' and ^v9m, *1 blow/ An expeller of 
wind : a carminative. 

It has also been used for any thing pretema- 
toral; here, the derivation is from avTi, 'against,' 
and ^veit, 'nature.' The French sometimes say, 
*Un go&t antiphyeique,* ' an unnatural taste.' 

ANTIPLAS'TIC, AntipUu'ticui, Plaatilyfie, 
Plaetily^ievMf from avri, ' against,' and vXacrucoSf 
'formative/ Antiformative. An agent that dimi- 
nishes the quantity of plastic matter — fibrin — in 
the blood. 

ANTIPLEURIT'IC, AntipUuret'ieut, Anti. 
pUuret'ie, from ayri, 'against,' and rXivpircr, 
'pleurisy.' Opposed to pleurisy. 

ANTIPNEUMON'IO, AiUipneuman'icue, from 
uvTi, ' against,' and rycv/iwvia, ' disease or inflam- 
mation of the lungs.' A remedy for disease or 
inflammation of the lungs. 

ANTIPODAGRIC, Antiarthritio. 

ANTIPRAX'IS, from am, 'against,' and 
wfaeau, 'I act' A contrary state of different 
parts in the same patient : e. g. an increase of 
neat in one organ, and diminution in another. 

ANTIPSOR'IG, Antipeo'rieue, AntUea'bioue, 
from am, 'agiunst,' and \p(itpa, 'the itch.' (F.) 
Antigaleux. Opposed to the itch. 

ANTIPUTRID, Antiseptic. 

ANTIPY'IC, Antipy'icue, from am, 'against,' 
fad irvov, ' pus.' Opposed to suppuration. 

ANTIPYRETIC, Febrifuge. 

ANTIPYROT'IC, Aniipyroeieue, from avrt, 
'against,' and irup, 'fire.' Opposed to bums or 
to pyrosis. 

ANTIQUARTANA'RIUM, Antiquar'tium. A 
remedy formerly used against quartan fever. 

ANTIQUUS, Chronic. 

ANTIRHACHIT'IC, AntirhachW icue, from 
am, 'against,' and rachitie. Opposed to rachitis, 
or rickets. 

ANTIRHEUMAT'IC, Antirrheumaficiu; from 
ovri, 'against,' and pcv/ia, 'rheumatism.' A re- 
medy for rheumatism. 

ria — a. Auriculatum, A. Elatine. 

Axtirhi'num Elati'nE, A, auricula' turn, E. 
haeta'ta, Elati'ni, Lina'ria elati'ni, Cymbala'ria 
elati'ni, Fluellen or Female Speedwell, was for- 
merly used against scurvy and old ulcerations. 

Antirhi'num Hkderaceuh, a. Linaria — a. 
Hedcrsdfolium, A. Linaria. 

Antirhi'xum Lina'ria, A. hedera'ceum scu 
hedera/o'lium sen acutan'gulum, Lina'ria, L. 
vulga'ri* sen cymbala'ria, Elati'ni cymbala'- 
ria, Oymbala'ria mura'lie, Oey'rie, ifrina'ria. 
Common Toad Flax, (F.) Linaire, The leaves 
have a bitterish taste. They are reputed to be 
diuretic and cathartic An ointment made from 
them has been extolled in hemorrhoids. 

ANTISCABIOUS, Antipsoric. 

ANTIgCIRRHOUS, Anticancerous. 

ANTISCOLETICUS, Anthelmintic. 

ANTISCOLICUS, Anthelmintic. 

ANTISCORBU'TIC, Antiecorbu'tieue, from 
avTi, ' against,' and eeorbutue, ' the scurvy.' Op- 
posed to scurvy. 

ANTISCROF 'ULCUS, Atmeeroph'uloue, An- 
tUcro/Mlo 'nu, Antietrumo'eue, ArUiehctrad'unu, 
Opposed to sorofUbk 

ANTISEP'TIC, Antitp^Hetu, AnUpmftn^ 
from avrt, 'against,' and avvres, 'potrid.' Aiili- 
puiredino'tue. Opposed to patrefiaetion. Tha 
chief antiseptics, internally or externally em.- 
ployed, are Aeidum Muriatieum, Aeidum Niirim 
cum, Aeidum Sn^phurieumf Aluminm »ulpkaap 
OaH>o Ligni, Oalx CJUorimaia, Chhrinum, Ow- 
chona and its active prinoiplefl, Oreatote, Ihmei 
Radix, Fermentum Cereviaim, Soda OkhrimaiOf 
and Zinci Ohloridum, 

ANTISIAL'AGOGUE, Anti»ialago'gu$, And^ 
ei'alue, from avri, ' against,' and naXev, ' saliva.' 
A remedy against ptyalism. 

ANTISPASIS, Derivation, Revulsion. 

ANTISPASMOD'IC, Antiepasmod'ieu*, AafC 
Bpae'ticue, from am, 'against, and nroii, 'I coi»< 
tract.' Opposed to spasm. The whole operation 
of antispasmodics is probably revulsive. Tho 
following are the chief reputed antispasmodioa. 
JEther Sulphuricue, Aea/oetida, Caetoreum, J)ra» 
coHtium, Moechua, Oleum AnimaJU JDippelit, and 
Valeriana — with the mental antispasmodics, ab* 
straction, powerful emotions, fear, Ac. Of direoi 
antispasmodics, we have no example. 

ANTISPASTICUS, Antispasmodic, Derivn- 

ANTISTASIS, Antagonism. 

ANTISTERIG'MA, from am, ' against,' and 
oTTipvYiia, 'a support.' A fulcrum, support, omtdL. 
— Uippocrates. 

ANTISTER'NUM, from arvt, 'against,' and 
artpvov, ' the sternum.' The back. — Rufus. 

ANTISTRUMOUS, Antiscrofulous. 

ANTISYPHILIT'IC, Antieyphilit'ieut, from 
arrt, 'against,' and typhilit, 'tbe venereal dia* 
ease' Opposed to the venereal disease. 

ANTITASIS, Counter-extension. 

ANTITUENAR, Opponens polliois, Addoetor 
pollicis pedis. 

ANTITHERMA, Refrigerants. 

ANTITHORA, Aconitum anthora. 

ANTITRAG'ICUS, Antitra'geus, (F.) Mu$eU 
de VAntitrague, J/, antitragien. — (Ch.) Belong- 
ing to the antitragus. A small muscle is so 
called, the existence of which is not constant. 
It occupies the space between the antitragus and 

ANTITRAOIEN, Antitragicus. 

AKTIT'RAGUS, from am, 'opposite to,' and 
rpayof, ' the tragus,' Antilo'bium, Oblo'lnutn, A 
conical eminence on the pavilion of the ear, op- 
posite the tragus. 

ANTITYP'IA, from am, 'against,' and rmu, 
'I strike.' Resistance. Uardness. Reperoossion. 

ANTITYPICUS, Antiperiodio. 

ANTIVENE'REAL, Antivene'reua, fh>m mm, 
'against^' and Venue, ' Venus.' The same as An- 
tisyphilitic. Formerly it was used synonymouly 
with Antaphrodisiac. 

ANTIVERMICULAR, Antiperistaltie. 


ANT'LIA or AXTLPA, from avrXuv, 'to 
pump out.' A syringe ; a pump. Hence, Antlia 
lac' teat Lactieu'gium, a breast-pump; and Antlia 
eanguieu'ga, Autibdella, Uiru'do artijicia'lie, the 
exhausting syringe used in cupping. 

AxTUA Gastrica, Stomach-pump. 

ANTODONTALGIC. Antiodontalgic 

ANTODYNUS, Anodyne. 

ANTRAX, Anthrax. 

ANTRE, Antrum — a. d^ffyghmore. Antrum 
of Highmore. 

ANTROVERSIO, Anteversio. 

ANTRUM, 'A cavern,' Cavem'a, Bar'atHrum, 
(F.) Antre, A name given to certain cavities in 
bones, the entrance to which is smaller than tht 

Antbux Auris, Tympanum — a. Bnooinotimit 




CMUe% LftbjrJsth^a. I>«ntela, lee Tdoih— a. 
^ori, ■«€ Btomaeh. 

AxTBVM or HiOHXOBB, iiiilrviii Sighnuyria*' 
Mm, i4i»frMn (?eNa, ^nlmm maxitta'ri rtl Max- 
iTte nmeru/ri», Oenj^an'trum, Max*illary Sinu»f 
Sum Gemm pitmita'rimt, (F.) Anir0 ttHyghmort, 
Simu* Maxittair^, A deep oaritj in the rab* 
tteoee of the superior mazillarj bone oommnni- 
etdog with the middle meatoe of the nose. It 
ii Uaed bj a prolongation of the Bchneiderian 

ANULrS, roM«Ue, 

AN URESIS, Isehnria. 

ANURUt Ischuria. 

AN ITS, <a cirele/ Podex, Potex, MoVyni, Mo~ 
W^t J)aetyriotf Oaih*€dra, Oyr*etim, d^a^»aro§f 
VjfttlUMf Aph'edrctf Aph'edronf Hedra, Proeto§f 
Areko9f SecU*, OuUu^ Ou'Uon, The circular open- 
ing Atoate at the inferior extremity of the rectum, 
by which the excrement is expelled. The/uHda- 
aaii. The teaf. The body. The seat, (F.) Sifge, 

AsvB aleo ngnifies the anterior orifice of the 
Aquedmct of Sylvius. By some, this Anut, called 
aUo, Fora'men eommu'ni potte'riut, has been 
npposcd to form a communication between the 
beck part of the third rentricle and the lateral 
Tcotricles. It is closed up, howcTer, by the tela 
eboroidea, and also by the fornix, which is inti- 
Bstely connected with this. The foramen is 
litoale between the commissura mollis of the 
<9tie thalami and the pineal gland. 

Anus, AaTTTiciAL. An opening made artifl- 
eially, to supply the natural anus. The term is 
often used to include preternatural anus. 

Ayrs, Coimt ACTIO, (F.) Amua rStrfei. A state 
of the anus when, from some cause, it is oon- 

Airrs, IvPKiuroRATB. A malformation, in 
which there ia no natural anus. See Atresia ani 

Asrs, pRKTBKirAT'vRAL, (F.) Aniu eontre no- 
tmrtf A amormtnL An accidental opening which 
giref iasne to the whole or to a part of the faces. 
It may be owing to a wound, or, which is most 
eommon, to gangrene attacking the intestine ha 
a beniial sac. 

This term is also employed, as well as Anttt 
ievil^ dfviomB aniM, to the case where the anus, in- 
stead of being in its natural situation, is in some 
Deij^hbouring cavity, as the bladder, vagina, Ac. 

ANXrETY, Anxi'etat, ArutiUtude, AdiBtno'^ 
ata, Jhtpko'ria anxi'ettu, Afyt'mia, AVyei, AV- 
y«M, iU?, from aiw^ere, Gr. oy^^ciy, 'to strangle, 
to giiffoeate.' A state of restlessness and agita- 
tion, with general indisposition, and a distressing 
ante of oppression at Uie epigastrium. Infuie- 
tmde, amxietjf, and a$tffH%$k, represent degrees of 
the lame condition. 

ANYPNIA, Insomnia. 

AOCHLE'SIA, from a, priv., and e^Xtfc, 'dis- 
larbanee.' Tranquillity. Calmness. 

AORTA, Arte'ria maffna, A. eroMO, A. wuu^- 
MM, HamtU AxUf of Owen. (F.) Aorte, This 
aaae was given by Aristotle to the chief artery 
of the body. It may have been derived from 
Mfrvopsi, 'I am suspended,' as it seems to be 
laspended from the heart; or from aiipf 'air,' and 
fm^, * I keep,' because it was supposed to con- 
tiio air. It is probable that Hippocrates meant 
by Mpai the bronchia and their ramifications. 
Ilie aorta is the eommon trunk of the arteries of 
the body. It arises from the left ventricle of the 
bevt, about opposite to the fifth dorsal vertebra, 
paMcs upwards {tuetnding Aorta,) forms the grtat 
«re4 of the Aorta, and descends along the left 
of the spine {deoeending Aorta,) until it reaches 
the middle of the fourth or fifth lumbar vertebra, 
where it bifiiroalasy to gire origin to the common 

iUaes. The aorta is sometimea divided faito tht 
Tkoraeie or peeUtral^ and the AbdomitutL For 
the arteries which arise from it, Ac, see Artery. 

AORTEURYS'MA, from eopn^, 'the aorta,' 
and cvfcf, ' dilated.' Aneurism of the Aorta, (F.) 
Anhnym* de PAorte, ^orftVclotie. By carefully 
ausenltating over the dorsal vertebne, a bellows' 
sound, with a deep and not always peroeptible 
impulse, may be detected. 

AORTIC, Aor'tieut. Relating to the Aorta. 
The Aortic ventricle, (F.) Ventricle Aortique, is 
the left ventricle. The Aortic valvet are the sig* 
moid valves at the origin of the Aorta, ^c. 

AORTIEOTASIB, Aorteurysma. 

AORTITIS, Infiamma'tio Aor'ta, from Aorta, 
and itie, denoting inflammation. Inflammatioii 
of the aorta. 

AORTRA, ^orfrofi. A lobe of the lungs. — 

AOTUS, ih>m a, privative, and nf, 'an eac' 
A monster devoid of ears. — Gurlt 

APAG'MA, Apoelat'ma, Apoeccauiie'menon, 
fh>m oTo, ' from,' and ayw, ' I remove.' Separa- 
tion, abduction. Separation of a fractured bono. 
— Qalenus, Foi*8ius. 

APAGOGE, Defecation, Inductio. 

APALACHINE, Hex vomitoria— a. d FcwIUb 
de Prunier, Prinos — a. Gallis, Hex vomitoria. 

APAI/LAGB, Apallax'ia, from avaXarrm, 'I 
change.' Mutation, change. It is generally 
taken in a good sense, and means the change 
from disease to health. — ^Hippocrates. 

APALLAXIS, Apallage. 

APALOT'ICA, from axaXersg, 'softness, ten- 
demess.' Fortuitous lesions or deformities affect- 
ing the soft parts. The first order in the claia 
Tgehiea, of Good. 

APANTHESIS, Apanthismns. 

APANTHIS'MUS, Apantke'eie, from airs, 
'from,' and avOcm, 'I fiower.' The obliteration 
of parts previously inservient to usefU purposes, 
as of the ductus vonosus and ductus arteriosus, 
which are essential to foetal existence, but are 
subsequently unnecessary. See, also, Stupmm. 

APANTHRO'PIA, from airo, 'from,' and ov- 
<5pwiro(, 'man.' Detestation of man; desire for 
solitude. — Hippocrates. One of the symptoms of 

APAPHRISMOS, Despumation. 

APARACH'YTUM VINUM, from a, prir., 
and vapaxyv, ' I pour over.' The purest wine : 
that which has not been mixed with sear-water. — 

APARINE, GaSum aparine— a. Hispida, Ga- 
lium aparine. 

APARTHROSIS, Diarthrosts. 

AP'ATHY, Apathi'a, Ameli'a, from a, priva- 
tive, and va^ot, 'affection.' (F.) Apathie^ Ac- 
cidental suspension of the moral feelings. It 
takes place in very severe diseases, particularly 
in malignant fevers. 

APECHE'MA, from awo, 'from,' and t,xof, 
'sound.' Properly the action of reflecting sound. 
In medioine, it is s3monymons with the Latin 
Oontrajieeura, a counter-fissure, a counter-blow. 
— GorrteuB, Celsus. 

APECTOCEPHALUS, Acephalothorus. 

APEL'LA, AppeVla, Leipoder'moe, Recnt^tut, 
from a, priv., mapelUe, 'skin.' One whose pre- 
puce does not cover the glans. — Galenus, Lin- 
nsBUs, Vogel. Retraction or smaUness of any 
other soft appendage. — Sagar. One who is eir- 

APEPSIA, Dyspepsia. 

APE'RIENT, Ape'riene, Aperiti'mu, from ape- 
rire, {ad and oarto,) 'to open.' Ret'erane, A 
laxative. (F.) ApSriHf, A medicine which 
gently opens the iMwela. The term had finw 




merly » mneli more extensive fignifieation, and, 
like CeUalvt'icumf was given to a substanoe sup- 
posed to nave the power of opening any of the 
passages, and even the blood-vessels. 

APERIS'TATON, Aperia^tatwrn, firom a, pri- 
rative, and xt^umtnh * ^ surround.' An epiUiet 
for an ulcer not dangerous nor considerable, nor 
surrounded by inflammation. 

APERITIF, Aperient 

APERITIVU8, Aperient 

APERTOR OCULI, Levator palpebrsB superi- 

APERTO'RIUM, from aperio, 'I open.' An 
instrument for dilating the os uteri during labour. 

APERTURA, Mouth— a. Anterior ventriculi 
tertii cerebri, Vulva (cerebri) — a. Pelvis superior, 
see Pelvis. 


APEX, Mucro, The point or extremity of a 
part : — as the apex of the tongue, nose, Ac 

Apex Lingua, Proglossis. 

APHJSRESI8, Aphoresis, Extirpation. 

APHALANGFASIS, from a, * intensive/ and 
Aayayl^f 'phalanx.' The fourth stage of Oriental 
leprosy, which is recognised chiefly by a gangre- 
nous condition of the fingers. 

APHASSOM'ENOS, from a^voiat 'I touch, I 
feel.' The touching of the puts of generation 
of the female as a means of diagnosis. — Hippo- 
crates. See Esaphe. 


APHEDRIA, Menses. 


APHELI'A, a^cXirr, 'simple.' Simplicity. 
The simple manners of the sect of Methodists in 
teaching and practising medicine. 

APIIELX'IA, from a^cAcw, ' I abstract' Vo- 
luntary inactivity of the whole or the greater 
part of the external senses to the impressions of 
surrounding objects, during wakefulness. Re- 
very ^ (F.) Riverie, Dr. Good has introduced 
this into his Nosology, as well as Aphclx'ia «o- 
eor» or absence of mind — A. inten'ta or abatrae- 
tion of mind: and A. otio'ta, JStu'dium ina'nif 
brotcn study or littlest muting, 

APIIEPSEMA, Decoction. 

APIIEPSIS, Decoction. 

APIIE'RESIS, Apha'retit, from at^at^^, 'I 
take away.' An operation by which any part of 
the body is separated from the other. Hippo- 
crates, according to Focsius, uses the expression 
Apha'retit San'guinit for excessive hemorrhage; 
and Sennertus, to express the condition of an 
animal deprived both of the faculties of the mind 
and of the mind itself. 

APH'ESIS, from a^cij/ii, 'I relax.' A remis- 
sion. This word expresses sometimes the dimi- 
nution or cessation of a disease ; at others, lan- 
guor and debility of the lower extremities. See 
Languor, and Remission. 

APHILAN'THROPY, Aphihnthro'pia, from a, 
privative, ^lAew, ' I love,' and av&owvot, * a man.' 
Dislike to man. Love of solitude. Vogel has 
given this name to the first degree of melancholy. 


APIIODEUMA, Excrement 

APHODUS, Excrement 

APHONETUS, Aphonus. 

APHO'NIA, Liga'tio lingwr, Loquf'la ahoVita, 
De/ec'tut loque'UBf Dytpho'nia, (of some,) Aph'- 
ony, (F.) AphoniCf Perte de la Voix, from a, pri- 
vative, and ^uvtff * voice.' Privation of voice, or 
of the sounds that ought to be produced in the 
glottis. When aphonia forms part of catarrh or 
of ' cold,' it is commonly of but little consequence ; 
but when produced by causes acting on the ner- 
vous system, as by some powerful emotion, or 
irithont any appredable lesion of the vocal appa- 

ratus, {Laryngo^paralytitf) it fireqnsntlj 
all remedies. 

Aphonia, Catalepsy — a. Bardomm, Mntftsi 

APHONIGUS, Aphonus. 

APHO'NUS, ApWntcM, ApJU/iMtw; sofM 
etymon. RelaJting to aphonia. 

APHONY, Aphonia. 

APHORIA, Sterilitas. 

APHORICUS, Sterile. 

APHORUS, Sterile. 

APHOR'MB, a^op/19, 'oecasion.' The exter- 
nal and manifest cause of any thing. The oeca- 
sionol cause of a disease. — Hippocrates. 

APHRO'DES, 'frothy,' from a^pti, 'foam,' 
and uioi, 'resemblance.' Applied to the blood 
and the excrements. — Hippocrates. 

APHRODISIA, Coition, Puberty. 

APHRODIS'IAC, Aphroditiaeuty fi^m Ate- 
iirri, 'Venus.' (F.) Aphroditiaque. Mediemt 
or food believed to be capable of exciting to the 
pleasures of love; as ginger, oantharides, Ae» 
They are generally stimulants. 



APHRODISIOG'RAPHY, from A^po^cny, 'Ve- 
nus,' and ypa^w, 'I describe.' Etymologically, 
this term means a description of the pleasures of 
love, but it has been placed at the head of a work 
describing the venereal disease. 

APHROG'ALA, ft^m a^ptt, 'foam,' and y«X«, 
' milk.' Lac tpumo'tum, A name formerly given 
to milk rendered frothy by agitation. 

APHRONIA, Apoplexy. 

APURONITRUM, Natrum, Soda. 

APHR06YNE, DeUrium, Insanity. 

APHTHiE, Aphta, Aptka, from avrw, 'I iii- 
fiame.' Thruth or tore moutA, Aphtha laetufei' 
men. A, In/an'tumf Lactu'eimeHf Laetucim'iiUMf 
Al'cola, Lactu'minaf Em'phiytit aphtha, Uleera 
terpen'tia orit, Put'tula oritf Fehrit aphtht/tOf 
Angi'na aphtho'ta, Vetic'uUB gingiva'Tum, Sto- 
mati'tit extudati'va, S. veticuh'ta in/an' turn, Sto- 
map' y ray S, aphtha, Prunel'la, White ThrmA, 
Milk Thruth, Aphtha consist of roundish, pearl- 
coloured vesicles, confined to the lips, mouth| 
and intestinal canal, and generally terminating 
in curd-like sloughs. In France, the AphthsB 01 
children, Aphthet dct En/ant, is called Mugwet, 
MilUt, Blanchct, Catarrhe buccal and StomaiiH 
crimente pultaeSe, Pultaceout injlammation e/ 
the Mouth ; and generally receives two divisions 
— the mild or discreet, (F.) Muguet bSnin on dit^ 
cret, and the malignant, (F.) Muguet malin oa 
confluent, the Black Thruth. Common Thrush is 
a disease of no consequence, requiring merely 
the use of absorbent laxatives. The malignant 
variety, which is rare, is of a more serious cha- 
racter, and is accompanied with typhoid symp- 
toms, — Typhus aphthoulcut, 

Armnjt: Adultorum, Stomatitis, aphthous — a. 
Pra?putii, Herpes pncputii — a. Serpentes, Caneer 
a({uaticus. . 



APHTHEVX, Aphtiious. 

APHTIIO'DES, AphthdidetfAphthotdeuM, from 
aphtha, and ei3o(, ' resemblance.' Aphthous-like. 
Resembling aphthse. 

APH'TIIOUS, Aphtho'tut, (F.) Aphtheta, Be- 
longing to aphthsa; complicated with aphUiSBj 
as Aphthout Fever, 

APIASTRUM. Melissa. 

GATA. Corpora striata — a. Digitorum, Pupnlsk 

APILEPSIA, Apoplexy. 

APIONTA, see Excretion. 



APIOSy Fjm oommimif. 

APIS, Bee. 

APITB6, from anw, ' % pear/ Perry. — Gor- 

APIUM, A. gimreoleBfl — a. Ammi, Ammi — a. 
Aainm, Fimfriiiell* aauiim — a. Cerri, Camm. 

Afitv QftATBOLBHSy Apium Paluda'pimm, 
Bdi'mmm, Set^eii ffraveoUnt, Sium gra9€oUn», S. 
^finm, SmaUage, (F.) AciU. Ifat, Ord, Urn- 
bellifene. Sex, ^«(. Pentandria Digynia. The 
pliata, rootfl, and aeeds are aperient and canni- 
Bitivew SeUty is a variety of thin. 

ArtUM HoKTXHSBy A. graveoleng — ^ Monta- 
■um, Athamanta anreoeelUium — a. Paladapium, 
A OraTeolens— a^ PetraBom, Babon Biacedonicam. 

AFinc PiTROSKLi'inrMy Apium fforten^Mi sea 
M^'ri, Eleo9eWnMm (/), Grielum^ Petrottli'- 
•«, OammoH PartUy, CF.) PernL The root— 
Petrotelinum, (Ph. U. 8.) — and seeds are diuretie 
•ad aperient. 

Arnm Sium, Sinm nodiflomm — a. Vnlgaref A. 

APLAS'TIC, Aplas'ticu$, from a, priTative, 
sad fXaw^u, * I form/ That which is not capable 
ef forming ; that which ^oes not serve to form, 
er is not oi|^niiable. 

Aplastic Elkmbnt; one which is ansnsoep- 
tiUe of any larther amount of organisadon. — 

APLESTIA, Ingluvies, Intemperance. 

APLSU'BOS, from a, privative, and wXwpos, 
'a rib.' One without ribs. — Hippocrates, Galen. 

APLOT'OMT, Aplotom'uh from anXoot, 'sim- 
pie/ and rtpv^, * I cnt' A simple incision. 

APXEUSTIA, Apncea, Asphyxia. 

APNOS' A, from a, privative, and mt^, ' I re- 
^ra.' Agphyx'ia, Ajmewftia, Absence of re- 
•piration, Bettpira'tio aboViUi, or insensible respi- 
lation. Also, Orthopnoea. 

Ap5(si. lapAHTiTM, Asthma Thymicnm. 

APN(EA8PHYXIA, Asphyxia. 

APNUSy ««To«f, same etymon. One devoid of 
TCa]Miatton. An epithet applied by authors to 
eaacs in which the respiration is so small and 
■low, that it seems suspended. — Castelli. It is 
lirobable, however, that the word was always ap- 
plied to the pattenty not to the disease. 

APO, «voy a prefix denoting 'from, of, off, out' 

APOBAMMA, Embamma. 


AP0BB8OMEN0N. Eventoa. 

AP0BI0SI6, Death. 

APOBLEMA, Abortion. 

APOBOLE, Abortion. 


APOCAPNISMUS, Fumigation. 

AP0CATA8TASIS, ConsidenUa, Restauratio. 

AP0CATHAR8IS, Catharsis. 



AP0CEXCK8IS, Af09e€no'n«f from aire, 'out,' 
sad tamciff ' evacuation.' A partial evacuation, 
aeeoidiag to some, in opposition to Cenosis, which 
iuriifiee a general evacuation. — Cullen and Swe- 
4iaar apply it to morbid fluxes. 

Apocayosia, Abevacuatio— a. Diabetes melli- 
tes, Diabetes — a. Ptyalismus mellitus, see Saliva- 
tion — a- Vomitns pyrosis, Pyrosis. 

APOCHOREON, Excrement 


AP0CHREMP8I6, Bxspuition. 

APOCHTMA, from miroxa*, * I pour out' A 
nrt of tar, obtained from old ships, wluch is im- 
pragBaied with chloride of sodium. It was used 
ai a diftcutient of tomonis. — Ajftius, Panlus, 

APOOm OOBR.MOUCHE, Apocynnm an- 

APOCLASMA, Abduction, Apagma. 

APOGLBISIS, Asitia, Disgust 

APOCOPE, from «To, and imrrfiv, 'to out' 
Abscission. A wound with loss of substance. 
Fracture with loss of part of a bone. Amputa« 

APOCOPUS, Oastratus. 

AP0GRISI8, Contagion, Excrement^ Seere- 

APOCROUS'TIC, Apocrovt'tiea seu Aj^oeriM'. 
tieot (retneiPiaf) from ave, 'out,' and rpevw, 'I 
push.' An astringent and repellent — Galenus. 

APOCRUSTICA, Apocroustic. 

AP0CYESI8, Parturition. 

ave, and «v«iy, ' a dog,' because esteemed, of old, 
to be fatal to dogs. Dog*9 Bane, Bitter Doffa 
Bane, Milkiceed, Bitterroot, Jloneybloom, Catch' 
fig, Flgtrap, Ip'ecac, (F.) Apoein gobe^mouehe, 
A. amer. Nat. Ord. Apocynese. Sex. Sget. Pent- 
andria Digynia. The root of this plant is found 
from Canada to Carolina. Thirty grains evacu- 
ate the stomach as effectually as two-thirds of 
the amount of Ipecacuanha, by which name it is 
known in various parts of the eastern states. It 
is in the secondary list of the Phannacopceia of 
the United States. 

Apoc^'Tirvir CAKHAB'nnrv, Indian Hemp. This 
American plant possesses emetic, cathartic, dia- 
phoretio and diuretic properties, and has been 
strongly recommended in dropsy. It has been 
given in decoction, — ^y of the root boiled in 
three pints of water to two. A wine-glassfhl for 
a dose. 

ApocTNtnc NoTiB AiroLija HnisvTtric, Asele- 
pias tuberosa — a. Orange, Asolepias tuberosa — a. 
Scandens, Allamanda. 

APODACRYT'ICUS, DelaehrymaH'vue, from 
an, ' from,' and SaKpvm, ' I weep. A substance, 
supposed to occasion a flow of the tears, and tiien 
to arrest them. — Columella, Pliny, Galenus. 


APOD'IA, from a, privative, andrevf, 'a foot' 
Wuit of feet; hence Apoue or Apue, one who has 
no feet 

APODYTE'RIUM, (hnitte'rium, SpoHato'-. 
rium, Spolia'riumf from awoivti, *1 strip off.' The 
ante-room, where the bathers stripped themselves 
in the ancient gymnasia. 



AP0GEUSI8, Ageustia. 

APOGEUSTIA, Ageustia. 

AP0GLAUC08IS, Glaucosis. 

APOGON, Imberbis. 

APOG'ONUM, from am, and ymtftai, 'I exist' 
A living foetus in utero. — Hippocrates. 

APOLEPISIS, Desquamation. 

AP0LEPISMU6, Desquamation. 

APOLEP'SIS, Apdep'eia, Apolip'tU, from 
auo\afi0avt», 'I retain.' Retention, suppression. 
— Hippocrates. Asphyxia. 

APOLEXaS, from aTo)<iryw, 'I cease.' Old 
age, decrepitude. 

APOLINO'Sie, from am, and Xivov, 'a flaxen 
thread.' The mode of operating for fistula in 
ano, by means of a thread of Homolinon or Xtimm 
CTudum» — Hippocrates, Paulus. 

APOLIPSIS, Apolepsis. 


APOLUTICA, Cioatrisantia. 

APOLYS'IA, ApoVgeit, from awoXvm, 'I loosen.' 
Solution. Relaxation. Debility of the limbs or 
looseness of bandages. — Erotian. Expulsion of 
the foetus and its dependencies. Termination of 
a disease. — ^Hippoorates, Galen. 




APOMATHE'MA, Apomatke^Mf from awo, and 
mat^avia, *I leam.' Forgetfulnesa of things taoghL 

APOM'ELI, from oiro, <of,' and /«Ai, 'honey.' 
An oxymol or decoction made of honey.— Qalen, 
Actiiut, Paulas, Ac. 
AP0MEXI8, Munctio. 

APOMYLE'NAS, from aro/tvXXaiM*, 'I make 
a wry mouth.' One who pushes his lips forwards, 
pressing them against each other. Occasionally 
a sjmptom of nervous fever. — Galen, Erotian. 

APOMYTUO'SIS, from a«/ii»<rff«, *l snore.' 
A disease in which there is stertor. — Sanvages, 

APOMYXIA, Nasal mucus. 

APOX E U HOG' R APH Y, Aponeurogra'phia, 
from azovcvpiavii, an 'aponeurosis,' and yfM^v, 
'a description.' A description of the Aponeu- 

A P N E U R L'O Q Y, Aponeurolo<f"ia, from 
axovtvpotcis, * an aponeurosis.' and Xoyo(, ' a dis- 
course.' Aponeuro*iol'ogy, The anatomy of the 

APOiS'EUROSIOLOGY, Aponeurology. 

APONEURO'SIS, Aponevro'9i9y from airo, 
' from,' and ycupov, * a nerve.' Pronerva'tio, De- 
nerva'tiOf Enerva'tio, Expan'tio nervo'tfo, TF.) 
AponeurotCt Apou6vro9e, The ancients called 
every white part vcvpov, and regarded the Apo- 
neurosis as a nervous expansion. The Aponeu- 
roses are white, shining membranes, very resist- 
ing, and composed of fibres interlaced. Some 
are continuous with the muscular fibres, and difier 
only from tendons by their flat form. They are 
called Aponeuroses of insertion, (F.) AponSvroses 
eCinsertionf when they are at the extremities of 
muscles, and attach them to the bone ; — Aponeu- 
roses of intersectionf (F.) Ajtonivroses tTintersec- 
tionj if they interrupt the continuity of the mus- 
cle, and are continuous on both sides with mus- 
cular fibres. Others surround the muscle, and 
prevent its displacement : they are called envelop- 
intj Aponturost's, (F.) AponSvroses d*enveloppe. 

Aponeurosis, Fascia — a. Crural, Fascia lata — 
a. Femoral, Fascia lata — a. Iliac, Fascia iliaca. 

APONEUROSI'TIS, from aponeurosis, and 
ids, 'denoting inflammation.' Inflammation of 
an aponeurosis. 

APONEUROT'IC, Aponeurot'ieus, What re- 
lates to Aponeuroses : — thus, we say Aponeurotic 
expansion^ Aponeurotic muMcU, Ac. 

APONEUROT'OMY, Aponeurotom'ia, from 
airovevpuiaiff ' ai>oneurosis,' and rc/iyw, 'I out.' 
Anatomy of aponeuroses. 

Aponcurutuiuy has, also, been proposed for the 
division, (debridement) of filaments, Ac, in apo- 
neurotic openings, and for the section of fascia}. 

Aponeurosis— a. SuperjicielU dt I* Abdomen et de 
la Cuisfie, Fascia superticialis. 

AP0NEVR08IS, Aponeurosis. 

APON'IA, from a, privative, and vovosf 'pain.' 
Freedom from pain. 

APONIPSIS, Ablution. 

APOPALLE'SIS, ApopaVsis, from axwaKXm, 
'I throw off.' Expulsion. Protrusion. — ^Hippo- 
crates. Also, Abortion. 

APOPATE'MA, Apop'aiho9, Apop'atus, The 
excrement, and the place where it is deposited. — 
I>ioscondes, Erotian. 

APOPEDASIS, Luxation. 

rhine — a. per Os, Siaiogogue. 

AP0PHLEGMATI8ANTIA, Apophlegmaii- 
9on*ta, Apophlegmatis'mi, from aro, 'out,' and 
^Xiy^a, ' phlegm.' Medicines which facilitate the 
upward exptdsion of maooa from the mucoiia 

membrane of the digecdve or air paangw; 
gargles, masticatories, Ac 

The action of Apophlegmatisantia. — Galen. 

APOPHLEGMATISMI, Apophlegmatisantia. 

APOPH'RADES, from •vwffmt, ' unlnoiiyt.' 
An epithet applied to unlucky days, {dim «•- 
fandi,) Days on whieh a faTonrabla ehaaga 
is not expected to occur in a disease^ — ^A. Lsk- 

APOPHRAXIS, Amenorrho&a. 

APOPHTHAR'MA, Aponk'ihora, from mn, 
and ^uf^t ' I oormpt' Abortioii, as well aa a 
medicine to procure abortion. 

APOPHTHORA, Abortion. 


APOPHY'ADES, from ct«, 'from,' and fm, 
' I spring.' The ramifications of veins and 
ries. — Hippocrates. 

— ^a. Enga%nante on vaginah, Vaginal procesa— 
a. Pyramidale, see Tempond Bone — a, PHrth 
see Temporal Bone. 

cesses of the vertebrsB. 

APOPU'YSIS, fromairo, 'from,' and ^mi» 'I 
rise,' Ec'physisf Proces'sus, Appendix, A proeem 
of a bone, Prominen'tia ossi* eontin'ua. When 
the apophysis is yet separated from the body af 
the bone by intervening cartilage, it is ceiled 
Epiph'ysis, The apophyses or processes are, at 
times, distinguished by epithets, expressive of 
their form : as A. styloid, A. coraeoid, Ac Othen 
are not preceded by the word apophysis ; as 2V»- 
chanter, Tuberosity, Ac 

-Apoph'tsis of Ingras'sias is a term applied 
to the lesser ala of the sphenoid bone 

Apophysis of Rau, Grfle apophyse duJiv^ 
teau : see Malleus. 

Apophysis Zygomatica, Zygomatic process. 

APOPIES'MA, from axoti^m, *1 compress.' 
Hippocrates uses the term to signify a fiuicied 
expression or forcing out of humours by the 
application of bandf^es in wounds and frae- 


APOPLECTIC, Apoplec'tieus, Referring to 
Apoplexy. This word has various signifieationa. 
It is applied, 1. To individuals labouring und« 
apoplexy : 2. To remedies proper for combating 
apoplexy : 3. To the constitution, temperament^ 
or make, Architectu'ra apopleeUica, HaVitm 
apoplec'ticus, which predisposes to it, and, 4. To 
the symptoms whieh characterise apoplexy; af 
Apoplectic sleepf A. stroke, A. stertor, Ac The 
jugular veins have also, by some, been called 
Apoplectic reinSf Vena apoplec'tictB, 
APOPLECTICUS, Antiapoplectic, Apopleetie. 
Apoplectic Cell. A cavity remaining in the 
enccphalon, after the effusion of blood and iti 
subsequent absorption. 

APOPLEXIA, Apoplexy— a. Catalepsia, Cala- 
Icpsia — a. Cerebralis, see Apoplexy — a. Cerebri 
see Apoplexy — a. Cordis, Ila^mocardiorrhagia— 
a. Hydrocephalica, Hydrocephalus intemns— Ik 
Hepatica, Ilcpatorrhagia — a. Medullaris, Apo- 
plexia myelitica — a. Meningsta, Apoplexy, me- 

APOPLEXIA Myelit'ica; a. MeduUa^rit, A 
Spina'lis, A. Pachia'liSf Uamor'rkackiB, Myelor» 
rhag"iaf Ifyclapoplex'ia, (F.) ApopUxie de fa 
Afo'ille fpini^re, Himorrhagie de (a MoiUe (pud' 
ire, Hfmato-mydie, Hfmo-my(larrhagie, S^mch 
torrhachis. Hemorrhage into the spinal marrow. 
ApopiiEXiA Nrbvosa, Apoplexy, nervoos — ft 
Nervosa traumatica, Concussion of the brain — ti 
Pituitosa, see Apoplexy — a. Pulmonalis, see Hs^ 
moptysis — a. Pulmonum, see H8Bmop^rshi-*>i 




Senility Apopleiy, renal — %, BmhtoUti A. mye- 
litioi— ft. Ssnguinea, see Apoplexy — a. BentMt, 
wtt Apoplexy — a. Simplex, Apoplexy, nervoiu — 
%. Spumodiofty Apoplexy, nervous — a» SpinalU, 
Apoplexift myelitioa — a. Temolentay aee Temu* 

rebri— <k CfMhraU, Apoplexy, HHwrrkagim eSri- 

dering Apoplexy.' A form of apoplexy, which 
ii Intenee and rapidly fatal. 

APOPLEXIB MENiyoiE, Apoplexy, me- 
ninceftl — a. />e la MoHlh BpinUre, Apoplexy, 

AP'OPLEXT, AnopUx^ia, from avowXiirrtiv, 
*to strike with yiolence.' At the present day, 
the term apoplexy is employed by many writers 
to signify interttitial ktmorrkag^f (F.) Hfrnor- 
riagU interatitielU, or every effasion of blood, 
vhich occurs suddenly into the substance of an 
organ or Ussue. Hence, we speak of cerebral 
^plexy, pulmonary apoplexy, Ac. Ac. For- 
nerly it was always — and stUl is by many — 
Bsed in a restrict^ sense, to signify, in other 
words, the train of phenomena, which cha- 
lacterise cerebral apoplexy. This disease, HtB- 
morrka'gia Cer'ehrtfAphro'nia, Caru*Apoplex'\a, 
Coma ApopUx'iOf Apoplex'ia eer'ebri tanguin'eaf 
A urebra'lis, Encej^utlorrhag^'iaf San'gu\nt§ 
ietmtf Hitwtateneeph'alum, Pulpet'ia, Sidera*tio, 
ApiUpt^xOy Morbu$ atton'ituBf Outta, Theoplt'giaf 
Tleopieyioy (F.) ApopUxie, A. eSrSbraU, Hima- 
Uinetpkalie, Coup de tang, is characterized by 
diminution, or loss of sensation and mental ma- 
oifeitation ; by the cessation, more or less com- 
pete, of motion ; and by a comatose state, — cir- 
eolation and respiration continuing. It generally 
eonnsts in pressure upon the brain ; either from 
torgescence of vessels, or from extravasation of 
blood : hence the terms ffcBmtnceph*alu9f Hfmor- 
riagie c^ribretU, and Himoincephalorrhagiey ap- 
plied to it by some. The general prognosis is 
aa&vonrable ; especially when it occurs after the 
age of 35. When Apoplexy is accompanied with 
a hard, full pulse, and flushed countenance, it is 
eilled Apoplexia tangutn'eOf Cataph'ora coma; 
when with a feeble pulse and pale countenance, 
and evidencea of serous effusion, Apoplex^ia §e- 
To'tdf A. pituito*»a. Serous Apoplexy, Uataph'ora 
hfdroeffXaVicOf Eneepkaloch'ytiB teni'lit, Hydro- 
eepk'alm$ aeu'tuM senum, HydroSneephalorrhfef 
(Piorry), HydropUie eSribraU euraigwl, Hydror- 

Is Hervou* Apoplexy, Apoplexfia nervo'ta sen 
9pa»wtod*ie€tf A. eimpUxf Sxmple apoplexy, no le- 
lioQ whatever may be perceptible on dissection, 
iltbovgh the patient may have died under all the 
phenomena that are characteristic of apoplexy. 

AropLKXT OP TBx HxART, Hsomocardior- 

Apoplixt, Mbkikge'al, Apoplex'ia menin- 
$^a, (F.) ApopUxie mfningfe, HSmorrhagie mi- 
*ingh. Hemorrhage from the meninges of the 
brain or spinal marrow, generally into the great 
cavity of the arachnoid. 

Apoplbxt, Nbrtous, see Apoplexy — a. Pnl- 
Mooary, see Hsemoptysis — a» Simple, A. Nervous. 

ApopLexr, Rexal, A^toplex'ia rena'lie, A 
eoadition of the kidney, characterised by knotty, 
hregnlar, tabercnlated eminences, some of a deep 
black colour. Effusion of blood into the sub- 
itaace of the kidney. 

Apoplexy, Skroub, tee Apoplexy — a. Spinal, 
Apoplexia nyelitica. 

APOPKEUSIS, Exhalatio. 

AP0P5IXIS, Soffocaaon. 

APOPKOB, Bxspiratio. 

APOPNOBA, Bxspiratio. 


APOPTO'SIS, from avenvrw, *1 fall down/ 
A relaxation of bandages. — ^Erotian. 

APORRHOE, Aporrhoea. 

APORRH(E'A, Apor^rkoH, Apor^rhyeie, Dejlu** 
vium, from avep^ew, 'I flow from.' An emana- 
tion, effluvium, contagion. — Mosehion. A falling 
off of the hair, according to some. 

APORRHYSIS, Aporrhoea. 

APOSGEM'MA, Apoeeepfeie, from avormirM. 
' I lie down, I direct myself towards.' Afflux of 
fluids towards a part Metastasis. The firat 
word has been applied to the exerements. — Hip* 
poorates, Qalen. 

AP0SGEN0SI8, Apocenosis. 

APOSGBPARNIS'MUS, Deaeeia'iio, tnm un 
and mvcprov, ' a hatchet.' Wound of the era> 
ninm, by a cutting instrument, in whieh a piece 
of the bone has been out out, as with a hatchat 
— Qorraens. 

APOSCEPSIS, Aposoemma. 

APOS'CHASIS, Apoeekaa'mut, from amoXa^Wy 
' I scarify.' SoariJiea'tioH, A alight superflcial 
incision in the akin. Also, bloodletting. — Hip* 

APOS'IA, Sitie deMtw, from a, privative^ 
and wevis, * drink.' Want of thirat, absenee of 
desire for liquida. 

APOSrTIA, from airo, ' from,' and nnt, ' food/ 
Aversion for food. — Galen. See Disgust. 

APOSITaC, Apomt^ietu ; the same etymology. 
Any substance which destroys the appetite, or 
suspends hunger. 

APOSPAS'MA, from entomtam, '1 tear or laoa- 
rate.' (F.) Arraehement» A solution of conti- 
nuity, especially of a ligament; Rkegma ligO" 
metUa're, Laeera'tio h'gamenta'ria, 

APOSPHACEL'ISIS, Apo^haeelie'mMe, from 
awe, and v^accXo;, ' mortification/ Gangrene in 
wounds and fractures, owing to the bandagea 
being too tight — ^Hippocrates. 

APOSPHIXX'IS, aree^iy^tt, constrictioD, 
compression. The action of a tight bandage. — 

APOSPONGIS'MUS, the act of aponging for 
any purpose. — Gorrssus. 

APOSTALAG'MA, Apoetag'ma, firom aw9, 
* from,' and creXafy*, * I drop/ The ancient name 
for the saccharine liquor which flows from grapea 
when not yet pressed. 

APOS'TASIS, from am, and ivm^i, 'I atop/ 
The ancients had different signiflcationa for thli 
word. It was most commonly used for an ah- 
scess. The separation of a fragment of bone by 
fracture. Removal of diaeaae by aome exac- 
tion, Ac. 

APOSTAX'IS, from awevra^m, <! diatU from.' 
Staxie, The defluxion of any humour, aa of 
blood from the nose. — ^Hippocratea. 

APOSTE'MA, from avo, 'from/ and ttfny/ii, 'I 
settle,' or from a^tertipn, * I recede from.' Thia 
word is used by the ancients somewhat vaguely. 
It meant an affection in which parts, previously 
in contact, are separated from each other by a 
fluid ooUected between them. The modems re- 
gard it aa synonymous with Abeeeee, Some, even 
of the moderns, have applied it to any watery 
tumour, and even to tumours in general. 

Apobtbma. Cerebri, Encephalopyosis — ^a. Em- 
pyema, Empyema — a. Pamlls, Paralis — a. Pha- 
langum, Fourehe — a. Psoaticnm, Lumbar abaoeaa. 

APOSTERIG'MA, from airevnrpi<M, 'I aup- 
port' Any thing that anpports a diaeaaed part» 
as a cushion, a pillow, Ao. — Galen. A deo|»> 
seated and inveterate diaeaae of the inteatinai.^ 




APOS'THIA, LtipocUr^mia, from a privfttiYe, 
and nocdtOf * prepace/ Want of prepnoe. 

nhar'maeumf Ointment of the Apottlet, 80 called, 
Decanse as many solid ingredients entered into 
its composition as there were apostles. It con- 
tained seyeral resins and gum-resins, yellow wax, 
oil, rinegar, yerdigris, Ac, and was formerly em- 
ployed as a mlnerary. 

APOS'TROPHB, from airo, and tfrpcjAM, 'I 
tarn.' An ayersion or disgnst for food. — Paulas. 
Also, the direction of humours towards other parts. 

APOSYKMA, Abrasion, Desquamation. 

APOTELES'MA, from airo, and rtXecfta, 'com- 
pletion.' The result or termination of a disease. 
Bee, also, Amuletum. 

APOTHANASIA, see Death. 

APOTHE'G A , Pharmaee'um,Pharmacopo'linm, 
from are, and riBitfUf * to place.' Any place where 
things are kept, and therefore ' a shop,' and par- 
tioularly a wine cellar. A place or yessel wherein 
medicines are kept. See Pharmacopolium. 

APOTHECARIES' HALL. The Hall of the 
Corporation or Society of Apothecaries of Lon- 
don, where medicines are prepared and sold 
under their direction, Ac. This Company ob- 
tained a charter of incorporation in the 15th year 
of James the First No general practitioner can 
establish himself in England or Wales, without 
baring obtained a license from the Court of Ex- 
aminers of the Company. 

APOTH'ECARY, Apotkeca'riw, Ditpen^'tor, 
Pharmttropo'lof Piymenta'riu»t Pharmaeopce'ttff 
Pkarma'eeu9f Pharmaeeu'ta, Jihixot'omut, My- 
ropo'letf Myropo'luMf PhnrmacttTf Pkarmacur'- 
ffieutf Pharmacur^gutf Pharmaeen'tittf same deri- 
Tation, (F.) Apothieaire, Pharmacienf PharmO' 
copole. In every country except Great Britain, 
it means one who sells drugs, makes up prescrip- 
tions, Ac. In addition to these offices, which, 
indeed, they rarely exercise, except in the case 
of their own patients, the Apothecaries in Eng- 
land form a privileged class of practitioners — a 
land of sub-physician. 

APOTHERAPEI'A, ApotherapVa, Apotkera- 
peu'tUf from avo^t^'Ktvta^ (airo and 9r«avcv«,) 'I 
core.' A perfect cure. — Hippoc. In tne ancient 
Gymnastics, it meant the last part of the exer- 
cises : — ^the friction, inunction, and bathing, for 
the purpose of obviating fatigue, or curing dis- 
ease. — Galen, Gomeus. 

APOTHERAPEUSIS, Apotherapeia. 

APOTUER'MUM, from airo, and ^ep^iiy, 'heat' 
A pickle made of mustard, oil, and vinegar. — 

APOTH'ESIS, from amn^in, 'I replace.' 
The position proper to be given to a fractured 
limb, after reduction. 

APOTHWAJHE, Apothecary. 

APOTHWAIHERIE, (F.) from aro^nKfiy 'a 
warehouse, shop.' The same as Apotheca; also, 
a gallipot 

APOTHLIM'MA, from aroy and 5Ai/?«, 'I 
press from.' Anciently, the dregs, and some- 
times the expressed juice, Succu* expret'nu, of 
plants. — GorrsBus. 

APOTHRAU'SIS, from aroSpavtt, 'I break.' 
Fracture of a bone, with spioula remaining. Ex- 
traction of a spioulum of bone. — Gomeus. Also, 

APOTILMOS, Evulsion. 

APOT'OKOS, from airo, and mcru, 'I bring 
fdrth.' An abortive foetus. — Hippocrates. 

APOTOME, Amputation. 

APOTOMIA, AmpuUtion. 

APOTROP^UM, Amuletum. 

APOTROPE, Aversion. Also, dcTiation— as 
of a limb— Parol'rojiS. 

AP0XT8MU6, Abradon. 
APOZEM, Deooetion. 
APOZESIS, Deooetion. 
APPARA'TUS, Parasecn'a, from oil a»d m. 
rare, 'to prepare.' This word ligniflea a eollM. 

tion of instruments, Ac, for any operation 
ever. (F.) AppartiL 

In surgery, it meaaa the methodieal 
ment of ^ the instruments and objects 
for an operation or dressing. By exteniiom, tbe 
French give the name Appareil, Oapta ckhwr'" 
giea, to the case or drawers in whieh the mgfftt^ 
tas is arranged. 

Apparattu has likewise been applied to tbe 
different modes of operating for the itone . B ee 

In Phynology, Apparatus {Anpareil) ia ap- 
plied to a collection of organs, aU of whieh weik 
towards the same end. A tytleia of orgoma cem- 
prehends all those formed of a similar textnriL 
An apparatua often comprehends organs <»r ynrf 
different nature. In the/oraier, there ia analogj 
of structure ; in the latter, analogy of fimotioii. 

Apparatus Altub, see Lithotomy. 

Apparatus IjfMOY'ABLS, (F.) Appartil imtm 
bile, Immoveable Bandage, Permanent Bamdaotm 
An apparatus for fractures, which is generaUj 
formed by wetting the bandages in some sab- 
stance, as starch or dextrin, which beoomea aoUid^ 
and retains the parts in eitu. 

Apparatus Lateralis, see Lithotomy — a. 
Mt^or, see Lithotomy — a. Minor, see Lithotomy. 

APPAREJLf Apparatus, Bottier-^eu Grand, 
see Lithotomy — a. Ifaut, see Lithotomy — a. Jm- 
mobile, Apparatus, immovable— <i. Lateraliei, see 
Lithotomy — a. Petit, see Lithotomy — a. Ptg^ 
mental, Pigmental apparatus. 

admits, in the brain, two kinds of fibres; the 
one, divergent, proceeding from the cerebral pe- 
duncles to the convolutions, and constitatmf 
what he calls appareih deformation: the othery 
convergent, and proceeding from the convolatloni 
to the centre of the organ, constituting what he 
calls appareile de rSunion. The fret, as a whole^ 
form the organs of the mental faculties : the latter 
are commissures, which unite parte of the organ 
that are double and in pairs. 

APPAUVRI, Impoverished. 

APPEND/CE, Appendix— a. CoBcal, Appen- 
dix vermiformis cssci — a. Digital, Appendix rer- 
miformis ca>ci — a. Soue-etemale, Xiphoid carti- 
lage — a. Sue-ephenotdale du cerveau, Pitoitary 
gland — a. Xipholde, Xiphoid cartilage. 

Appekdices Coli Adiposje, AppendienlsB e^- 
ploicse — Epiploiquee, Appendicnlsa epiploicse. 

— a. Vermiformis cicci, see Appendix^ a. Epi 
ploica, Epiploic appendage. 

^oie appendage*, Appendic'nla Epiplo'ieet, Aj^ 
pen'dicee coli adipo'ea. Omen' tula, (F.) Appem- 
dicee Epiplolquee, Prolongations of the peri- 
toneum beyond the surface of the great intestine, 
which are analagous in texture and arrangement 
to omenta. 

APPEN'DIX, Epiph'veie, from appendere, (ad 
Kadpendere, 'to hang,'; 'to hang from.' Any 
part that adheres to an organ or is continnoos 
with it : — seeming as if added to it An append^ 
age; an apophysis, (F.) Appendiee, Annexe* 

Appekdix AuRicuLiB, SCO Auricles of the 

Appendix Cerebri, Pitaitary gland — a. ad 
Cerebrum, Cerebellum — a. Cutanea Septi Narinm, 
Statica Septi Narium — a. to the Epididymis, Vas- 
culum aberrans — a. Yentrieuli, Duodenum. 

APPS9DIX VxBMiroB'ifia, Jfpamdie^mta. Vm^ 



fkya»,Additamem'tum Mi, Appem'dix Cm'eh{V.) 
Apfemdic* vtrwUforme, jL eaeal on digital, A 
Twaieolar proeen, the me of » gooee-quill, 
wUeh hugs from tiie inteitine oncom. Its fono- 
tiMU en aoknown. 

APPBNSIO, see Analeptia. 

AP'PBTfiNCB,^|ip<«en'tMi, from app€ier«, {ad 
nA paten,) 'to deaira.' An ardent^ pMnonate 
dacire for eny object. 

APPETIT, PERTB 1/, Anorexia. I 

AP'PETITB, Appeii'tm, Appeten'tia, Appeti"- 
HOf («</ end petere,) 'to seek, Cupi'do, Orex'i; 
OnU: nme etymology ae tho last. An internal 
MBoatieB, which wama us of the neoeesity of ex« 
tftiDf eertain fnnetaonSy especially those of diges- 
tioo aad generation. In the latter case it is eaUed 
9<mnal appetite, (F.) Appetit vSnSrien: in the 
fbnatr, simply appetite, (F.) Appetit on Appeti- 
tkm. If the desire for food, occasioned by a real 
wiaty be carried to a certain extent, it is called 
kmBgtr, when solid food is concerned ; thirst, when 
liqmd. Appetite and hunger ought not, how> 
ever, to be employed synonymously: they are 
liferent degreee of the same want. Hunger is 
m imperioos desire : it cannot be provoked, like 
lbs sppetite. It is always allayed by eating : but 
■ot so the appetite ; for, at times, it may be ex* 
fltsd in this manner. They are very generally, 
kowerer, oied aynonymonsly. 

AppsTrra, MoBino, Limoais. 

Ap'psTm, YxjrB'BEAL, Venereal desire, (F.) 
Ze fhUnque, Amoar phytique. The instinctlTC 
fesUag that attracts tho sexes towards each other 
to effect the work of reproduction. 

APPETITUS CANINUS, Boulimia— a. Defi. 
eieas, Dysorexia. 

APPLE, ADAM'S, Pomnm Adami—a. Bitter, 
Caeamis eolocynthis — a. Curassoa, Anrantinm 
eansiaTentiam — a. Eye, see Melon — a. May, 
Podophyllom peltatom — a. Root» Euphorbia co- 

Applb Tba, Apple water. Slice two large, not 
over-^pe appiee, and poor oyer a pint of boiling 
meter. After an hour, poor oflF the fluid, and, if 
Meessaiy, sweeten with sugar. 

Appls Tbbb, Pyma mahis. 

APPLICANT A, from applieare, (adtaidplieare, 
'te fold,') ' to »pply.' A word, unnecessarily in- 
towkued into medical language, to express the 
objeets which are applied immediately to the sur- 
face of the body, as elothes, oosmeticsy baths, Ac 

APPLIC ACTION, Appliea'tio, (same etymon,) 
IB a Boral signification, is synonymous with At- 
Intioo. Also, the act of applying one thing to 
saether; as the application of an apparatus, of 
a bsadage, blister, Ae. 

APPREHEN'SIO, from ad and prthendere, 
*%» taksc' Thia word is employed in yarious 
liases. It means catalepsy or catoche. — Paul 
laiwhtas, A kind of bandage for securing any 
piit. Also, a therapeutical indication. 

APP ROCHE, Coition. 

APPROXIMA'TION, Apwi^ma'tio, from ad 
sad prozimue, 'nearest.' Ettmnller gaye this 
isaie to a pretended method of curing disease, 
kf fluddng it pass from man into some animal or 
vegetable, by the aid of immediate eontact 

APRACTA, fiDm «, priy., and vfoeem, * 1 act' 
Without action. An epithet for the parts of ge- 
Mvilion. when unfit for copulation or generation. 

APRICATIO, Insolation. 

APRICOT, Pmnua Armemaea. 

APROCTUS. see Atretoa. 

APROSCKPIA, Trioeephaeia, from «, priy., 
•Bd v fee mt m, * tlie fhoe.' A malformation, which 
in the Ihea beiag dafleient. 

APROSOPUS, Microprosopof. 

APSINTHIA'TUM, from at/riv^ioy, 'worm- 
wood.' A sort of drink made of wormwood* 
— Aetius. 

APSINTHITES, Absinthitea. 

APSYCHIA, Syncope. 

AP6YXIA, Syncope. 

APTH^, Aphthsa. 

APTTS'TOS, from a, priy., and wrem, 'I spit' 
Deyoid of expectoration. An epithet given to 
certain pleurisies, in which there is no expectora- 
tion. — Hippocrates. 

APUS, see Apodia. 

APY'£TOS, from a, priy., ^d nw, 'pus.' An 
external affection, whien does not end in suppu- 


AP'YOS, from e, priy., and wvov, 'pus,' (F.) 
Apyiqtte, That which does not afford pus. 


APYRENOMBLE, Apyromele. 

APYRET'IG, Awret'icue, Apyree'tic, Ap^ee*- 
tfciM, Aovr'etut, from a, priy., and wvp, * fire, 
feyer.' Without feyer. This epithet is giyen to 
days in which there is no paroxysm of a diseaacy 
as in the case of an intermittent, as well as to 
some local aflTections which do not induce feyer. 
Urticaria is sometimea called an apjfretie eacan- 

APYREX'IA. The same etymology. Absence 
of feyer; Dialem'ma, JHateip'tit, DiaHp'aitp 
Tempu$ intercala'ri, Interwl'lum, Intermie'eio, 
Apyrexia is the condition of an intermittent 
feyer between the paroxysms: the duration of 
the apyrexia, consequently, depends on the type 
of the intermittent Occasionally, the term haa 
been applied to the cessation of the febrile con- 
dition in acute diseases. 

APYROME'LB, Ap^enome^U, from a, priy., 
evpirv, ' a nut,' and ptn^m * ^ sound.' A sound or 
probe, without a button or nut It is the Melo'tie, 
S^eil'lum onWcMio'rttmi or Aurieular eound of 

AQUA, Urine, Water — a. Addi carbonici. 
Acidulous water — a. Acidula hydrosulphuratay 
Naples water (fisctitious) — a. Aeris fixi. Acidu- 
lous water (simple) — a. Alkalina oxymuriaticBy 
Eau de JaveUe-—a^ Aluminis compositus, Liquor, 
a. c. — a. Aluminosa Bateana, Liq. aluminis com- 
positus— a. AmmonisB, Liquor ammonise— a. Ace- 
tatis ammonisa. Liquor ammonisa acetatis^a. 
Ammonias carbonatis. Liquor ammonisa subcar- 
bonatis — a. Ammonisa caustica. Liquor ammonim 
— a. Amnii, Liquor Amnii. 

Aqua Amtodala'ruic Cokcxhtra'ta, (F.) 
Eau d'Amandee amirea. Water of hitter alnutndem 
Made by bruising well two pounds of bitter ai- 
mondej adding, whilst triturating, ten pounds 
of spiring water, and four pounds of alcohol/ let- 
ting the mixture rest in a well-dosed yessel, and 
then distilling two pounds. Used instead of the 
Aqua Laurocerasi, and the Hydrocyanic acid. 

An Aqua amyg^dala ama'rm, Bitter Almond 
water, has been introduced into the last edition 
of the Ph. U. S., 1861, (OL am^fgdaL amar, 
n\,xyj. ; Magnet, Carbon, 33* i Aqua Oy.) 

Aqua Amisi Fobtis, Spiritus anisi — a. Aqnis- 
granensis, see Aix-la-Chapelle — a. Auditorial 
Gotnnnius, Liquor of— a. Aurantii, see Citrus au- 
rantium — a. Atotioa oxygenate, Aqua nitrogenii 
protoxydi — a. Balsamica artorialis. Aqua Bi- 
nellii — a. Bareginensis, Bareges water — a. Baryta 
Muriatis, see Baryta, muriate of-~a. Bellilucan% 
Balamo waters — a. Benediota, Liquor calcis — a. 
Benedicta composite. Liquor calcis compositus-^ 
a. Benedicta Rulandi, Vinum antimonii tartari- 

Aqua Binb'lui, Aequa BinelU* A« Jfoalsross^ 




Aqua BaUam'ica arteria'lia, (F.) Eau de Binellif 
Enn de Monieroni, A celebrated Italiaa h«emo- 
■tatio, invented by one BinellL Its composition 
is unknown, but its virtues have been ascribed to 
oreasote ; although there is reason for believing 
it to possess no more activity than cold water. 

Aqua Brocchib'rXi, Aequa Broechieri, Broe- 
ehieri water , (F.) Eau de Broechieri, Eau etyp- 
Hque de Broechieri, A supposed styptic, which 
made much noise at Paris at one time. It is de- 
void of efficacy. Dr. Paris found nothing in it 
but water perfumed by some vegetable essence. 

Aqua Borvonbnsis, Bourbon ne-les-Bains, mi- 
neral waters of — a.^ristoliensis, Bristol water — 
a. Galcariss nstss, Liquor oalcis — a. Calcis, Liquor 
ealcis — a. Calcis composita, Liquor calcis compo- 
ntus — a. GamphorsBy Mistura camphone — a. 
Camphorata, Bates's, see Cupri sulphas — a. Car- 
bonatis sodss acidula. Acidulous water, simple — 
a. Catapultarum, Arquebueade, eau eP — a. Chlo- 
rinl, see Chlorine. 

Aqua Cinnamo'mi, Cinnamon Water, Distilled 
water of Cinnamon Bark. Prepared also in the 
Ibllowing manner. 01. Cinnam. f^ss; Magnet, 
Carbon. 3J ; Aq, deetillat. Oij. Rub the oil and 
carbonate of magnesia ; add the water gradually, 
and filter. (Ph. U. S.) 

Aqua Cinnamomi Fortis, Spiritns Cinnamomi 
^-a. Coloestrensis, Colchester, mineral waters of. 

Aqua Colora'ta, ' coloured water.' A name 
given to a prescription in which simple coloured 
water is contained. Used in hospital cases, more 
•specially, where a placebo is demanded. 

Aqua Cupri Almoin at a, Liquor e. a. — a. Cu- 
pri vitriolati composita, Liquor cupri sulphatis 
eomposita — a. inter Cutem, Anasarca — a. Destil- 
lata, Water, distilled — a. Florum auranUi, see 
Citrus aurantium — a. FluviaUlis, Water, river. 

Aqua Fgbiho'uli, Fennel water. The distilled 
water of fennel seed. It may be prepared also 
like the aqua cinnamomL 

Aqua Fomtaka, Water, spring — a. Fortis, Ni^ 
trie acid — a. Ilepatica, Hydrosulphuretted water 
— a. Hordeata, Decoctum hordei — a. Imbrium, 
Water, rain — a. Intercns, Anasarca — a. Inter 
Outem, Anasarca — a. Juniperi composita, Spiritus 
Jnniperi compositus — a. Kali, Liquor potassss 
•abcarbonatis — a. Kali caustici, Liquor potasssB 
— a. Kali prseparati. Liquor potosssB subcarbon- 
atis — a. Kali puri. Liquor potassse — a. Kali sub- 
carbonatis. Liquor potasssB subcarbonatis — a. La- 
byrinthi, Cotunnius, liquor of — a. Lactis, Serum 
lacUs — a. ex Lacu, Water, lake — a. Lithargyri 
acetati composita, Liquor plumbi subacetatis di- 
lutuR — a. LucisD, Spiritus ammoniao succinatus — 
a. Marina, Water, sea — a. Medicata, Water, mi- 

Aqua MrntHjB Pipbri't^, Peppermint Water. 
The diHtilled water of peppermint. It may be 
prepared like the aqua cinnamomL 

Aqua Mentha Pipbritidis Spirituosa, Spi- 
ritus menthse piperitsB — a. Menthfe viridis. Spear- 
mint water; see AqnsB menthsa piperita) — a. Men- 
thse vulgaris spirituosa, Spiritus menthas viridis — 
— «. Mineralis, Water, mineral — a. Mirabilis, Spi- 
ritus pimentaa — a. Mulsa, Uydromeli — a. Natri 
Oxmyuriatici, Liquor sodas chlorinatss — a. Nea- 
politana, Naples water, (factitious) — a. Nephrit- 
iea, Spiritus myristica. 

Aqua NiTRooEif'n Protox'tdi, Protox'ide 
of Ni*troffen Water^ Aqua azot'iea oxygena'ta, 
8earle*9 patent oxifg"enou» airated water, A pa- 
tent solution of protoxide of nitrogen, said to 
eontain five times its own bulk of gas. It has 
been recommended as a nervine, and excitant in 
nervous conditions, dyspepsia, Ac It has also 
been used in cholera, and to counteract the evil 
•Mueqaenoes of drankouMi. The doie ia f JvJ, 

or ^viii, two or three times a day; or, in dji« 
pepsia, as a beverage between meals. 

Aqua Niyata, Water, snow — a. Nucis moaeluh 
tsB, Spiritus myristicsB — a. Ophthalmica, Liqvor 
sinci sulphatis cum camphor^ — a. PalndoM^ 
Water, marsh — a. Pedum, Urine — a. Perieardii, 
see Pericardium — a. Pioea, see Finns sylvettrii 
— a. Picis, see Finns sylvestris — a. PlaviaUiy 
Water, rain — a. Potassae, Liquor potassss — m, 
Pulegii spirituosa, Spiritus pulegii — a. Pntealit^ 
Water, well— a. ex Puteo, Water, well— a. Rabelli, 
Elixir acidum Halleri — a. Raphani compositay 
Spiritus armoracisB compositus— a. Regia, Nitro- 
muriatic acid. 

Aqua Ros^, Roee Water, Bkodoeta^mm, 
{Roe, centifol. ftvig : Aqua cong. y. M. Distil a 
gallon— Ph. U. S.) 

Aqua Salubris, Water, mineral — a. Sappha- 
rina. Liquor cupri ammoniata — a. Satnmi, Li- 
quor plumbi subacetatis dilutns — a. Sclopetaria, 
Arquebueade eau <f — a. Seminum anisi compo- 
sita, Spiritus anisi — a. Seminum carui forta% 
Spiritus carui — a. Sodae effervescens, Acidnlona 
water, simple — a. Soteria, Water, mineral — %, 
Stygia, Nitro-muriatic acid — a. Styptica, liquor 
cupri sulphatis composita — a. Sidphurata sim- 
plex, Hydrosulphuretted water — a. Sulphnreti 
ammonisB, Liquor fumans Boylii — a. Thedian% 
Arquebutade eau d^ — a. Theriaoalis Bexoardie% 
Chylostagma dlaphoreticum Mindereri — a. To- 
fana. Liquor arsenicalis — a. Tosti panis, Toast 
water — a. Traumatica Thedenii, Arquebutade tan 
d* — a. Vegeto-mineralis, Liquor plumbi subace- 
tatis dilutus — a. Viciensis, Vichy water — a. Yi^ 
triolica camphorata, Liquor sind sulphatis earn. 
cunphori — a. Vitriolica casrulea, Solutio sulpha* 
tis cupri composita — a. Vulneraria, Arquebtmade 
eau d* — a. Zinci vitriolati cum camphorfl. Liquor 
sinci sulphatis cum camphoHL 

AQU^ ACIDULA, Acidulous waters — a. 
BadigusD, Bath, Mineral waters of — a. BadixaSy 
Bath, Mineral waters of — a. Bathonise, Batb, 
Mineral waters of — a. Buxtonienses, Buxton, Mi- 
neral waters of — a. Cantuarienses, Canterbory, 
waters of — a. Chalybeatae, Waters, mineral, cha- 

Aquje DKSTiLLA'TiE, DittiUed Watere, Hydro^ 
la'ta, (F.) Hifdrolate, These are made by pot- 
ting vegetable substances, as roses, mint, penny- 
royal, Ac, into a still with water, and drawing 
off as much as is found to possess the aromatie 
properties of the plant. To every gallon of tha 
distilled water, 5 oz. of spirit should be added to 
preserve it. The eimple dietiUed watere are some- 
times called Aqvas ttillatit"ieB eim'plicee: the epi^ 
rituoue, Aqua »tillatit"ieB epirituo'amt bat mora 
commonly Spir'itue, 

AqujE Martialbs, Waters, mineral, ohalyba- 
ate — a. Mctus, Hydrophobia — a. Mineralei ad- 
dulse, Waters, mineral, gaseous — a. Minerales 
ferruginossB, Waters, mineral, chalybeate — a. Mi- 
nerales sulphuresB, Waters, mineral, sulphnreoni 
— a. StillatitisB, Aquas destillatss — a. Solis, Bath, 
mineral waters of. 

AQU^DUC'TUS, Aq*ueduet, from aqua <wa. 
ter,' and dueere, duetum, * to lead.' (F.) Aqu9- 
due. Properly, a cuial for conducting water 
from one place to another. Anatomists have 
used it to designate certain canals. 

Aqu^ductus Cerebri, Inftrndibulnm of the 
brain — a. Cotnnnii, AqnsBductus vestibuli. 

Aqu^duc'tus Coch'le^, (F.) Aquedue du Li' 
ma^on; — a very narrow canal, which proceeds 
from the tympanic scala of the cochlea to the 
posterior edge of the pare petroea, 

AqUiBDuc'TUS Fallo'pii, CemcU etrirc^d* ds 
Foe temporal of Chanssier, (F.) Aqueauc de FmU 
lope. A canal in the pars petroia of the teaipo- 




9i boB«^ whioh eztandt from the meatofl wtdito- 
ihw intemiu to the fomnen itylo-maatoideam, 
aad gives paua|^ to tiie facial nenre. The 
•peniag into this aqnedact is called Hia'tut FcU- 

Aqujbdvc'tus Btl'tii, Cfana'lis tminen'tia 
pmirigem'immf (F.) Aquedue de SiflviiUf Iter ad 
quartmm ventric'iUmm, Cana'lu hmViim, Oanol in- 
UnUdiart dew ventricut^ of Chaussier. A canal 
finiBittg a communication between the third and 
fiMirth reotrieles of the brain. 

Aqo^ouc'tus Ysstib'uli, AqwBduetua Ootun'- 
mi, OamU of OoiUH*niti», (F.) Aquedtte du vestibule 
on Aquedue de Ootngno. This begins in the res- 
tibale, near the eommon orifice of the two semi> 
dreular eanala, and opens at the posterior surface 
of the part petroea, 

AQU ALICCLUS, from aqnalie, * a water-pot' 
That part of the abdomen which extends from 
the umbilicus to the pubes. See Hypogastrium. 
It has also been applied to the stomach or intes- 
tinsl eaaal. 

AQUAS'TER. A word used, by Paracelsus, 
to express the Tisions or hallucinations of pa- 

AQUEDUC, Aqueduct^— a. de Cotngno — Aquss- 
dvctos Testibali — a. de Fallope, Aqussdnctus Fal- 
lopii^a. du Xtmacon, Aquseduetus cochleee — a. 
de StfivttUf Aquieduotus Bylvii — a. du VettibuUf 
Aqmednctns reetibuli. 

AQUEDUCT, Aquseductos. 

A'QUEOUS, A'queus, Aquo^eue, ffydatt/dea. 
Htfdro^dee, from aquaf 'water/ (F.) AqueuXf 
Wttery. The absorbents or lymphatics are 
sometimes oailed, in France, Conduite on Oa- 
eawr o^iiettx. 

Aqubocs HirMOVR op thb Ete, Humor aquo'- 
iw, Alhuffin'eoue humourf Odei'detf Oo'dety Hy- 
daUfk'de; Hydato'deMf Ova'tue sen Ovi/or*mi» 
kumoTf (F.) liumeitr aqueuae. The limpid fluid 
which fills the two chambers of the eye, from the 
eonea to the crystalUne, and which is, conse- 
cpieatly, in contact with the two surfaces of the 
iris. Quantity, 5 or 6 gndns : s. g. 1.0003. It 
•ontains albumen, ohloride of sodium, and phos- 
phate of lime in small quantity ; and is enveloped 
is a fine membrane : — the men^rane of the aqueotu 
hvatouTf Tunica propria seu Vagi'na humo'rit 
tffuti sen Memhra'na Demuria'na seu Detee- 
mefii. Membrane of Demour* or of JDetcemet; al- 
(heugh theae last terms are by some appropri- 
ated to a third layer of the cornea. 

AQUSUS, Aqueous. 

AQUIBUCA, Hydragogues. 

AQUIFOLIUM, Bex aquifoUnm^a. Foliis 
deddais, Prinos. 

AQUILA, Hydrargyri submurias. Sulphur. 

The fllehyinists used this word for sublimed 
Ml aamoniac, precipitated m«rcnry, arsenic, sul- 
pbv, aad the philosopher's stone. See Hydrar- 
gyri Submurias, and Sulphur. 

AvfvtLA. Cgblbst'ib ; a sort of panacea, of which 
Bsrrury waa a eonstitnent. 

A^'oaA. LACH'RTif JB ; a liquor prepared firom 
wreral ingredients, especially from calomel. 

AQ'riLA Pbilosopho'bum. The alchjrmists, 
whose terms were always mysterious, called mer- 
sny thms, when reduced to its original form. 

Aq'uila Viir'sRis; an ancient preparation, 
■ade by subliming Ycrdigris and sal ammoniac. 

AQUILA VENJS» Temporal veins. 

AQUILB'GIA, A. vulga^rie, A. eulvee'tne seu 
Aipt'aa, Oomwtom (Mombine or Ootumhine, (F.) 
AieaUe. The seeds, herb» and flowers were for- 
>uriy used in jaondlce and cutaneous diseases. 
Tbty are still retained in many of the Pharma- 
Mpttias of continental Europe. 

Aqvil9«U ALruiA, Aquilegia. 

A^uiLBQU Cavadkiism, Wild Oolwnhiuef is 

indigenous, and flowers in April and June. TiM 
seeds are said to be tonic. 

Aquilbgia Sylvxstbis, Aquilegia — a. Vul* 
garis, Aquilegia. 

AQUO-CAPSULITIS, Aquo-membranitis. 

AQUO-MEMBRANFTIS, Keratdiri'iia,Aquo^ 
eaptiUi'tie. Inflammation of the anterior cham- 
ber of the eye. A badly compounded term, de- 
noting inflammation of the capsule or membrane 
of the aqueous humour. 

AQUULA, Geratocele, Hydatid, Hydroa— a. 
Acustica, Cotunnius, liquor of. 

Aquula seu Aqua Morgaqnii. The minute 
portion of water which escapes when an opening 
is made into the capsule of the crystalline. 

ARA PARVA, a small altar ;— a kind of band- 
age invented by Sostratus, whi^ represents the 
comers of an altar. — Oalen. 

AR'ABE ; a wound, a blow. — Erotaan. 

abie Hepatic An'tidote. A powdor composed of 
myrrh, costus, white pepper, &o. It was admi- 
nistered in new wine. 

AR AB'ICUS LAPIS. A sort of white marble, 
analogous to alabaster, found in Arabia. It was 
regarded as absorbent and desiocative, and was 
employed in hemorrhoids. 

ARABIS BARBAREA, Erysimum barbarea. 

AR'ABIS MALAG'MA. An antiscrofulout 
medicine, composed of myrrh, olibanum, wax, 
sal ammoniac, iron pyrites, Ac — Gelsus. 

bians kept the torch of medical science illumi- 
nated during a dark period of the middle ages. 
Before the year of the Hegira, they had schools 
of medicine; but these were most flourishing 
during the 10th, 11th, and 12th centuries. The 
chief additions made by them to medical sdenoe 
were in the departments of pharmacy and in the 
description of diseases. Their principal writers 
were Avicenna^ Serapion, Averrhoes, Hali Abbas, 
Moses Maimonides, Avenzoar, Rhazes, Albuca- 
sis, Ac. 

ARACAGHA, Conium moschatnm. 

ARACHI8 AFRICAN A, A. hypogea— a. Ame- 
ricana, A. Hypogea. 

Ar'achis Hypooe'A, a. Ameriea'naj A. Afrim 
ea'fia, Arackni'da hypogeOf Oround nut, Pea nut. 
Earth almondf (S.) Mane; erroneously ealled 
Piataekio nut, in the South; Pindare of the West 
Indies. Cultivated in the Southern States. The 
seeds are oily, and are eaten. A kind of inferior 
chocolate may be made of them. 

ARACH'NE, a^xyn, 'a spider,' 'a cobweb.' 
Hence — 

ARACHNIDA HTPOGEA, Araehis hypogea. 

ARACHNI'TIS, Araehnoidi'ti; AraehnodeV^ 
tiff Injlammation of the Arachnoid. A varie^ 
of phrenitis. 


ARACHNOID CANAL, see Canal, arachnoid. 

ARACBirotD or thb Btb. The lining mem- 
brane of a cavity, supposed by some to exist be- 
tween the sclerotic and choroid. 

Araoh'koid Mbvbraitb, 3feninx Me'dia, 
AraehndUieutf Araehno'dee, from apaxvijt * a cob- 
web,' and (io«(, 'form, resemblance;' Tu'nusa 
ara'nea, Araekno'detf T. erytaVlinOf Mewin*" 
gion, A name given to several membranes, 
which, by their extreme thinness, resemble spi- 
der-webs. — Celsus and Galen called thus the 
membrane of the vitreous humour, — the tnniea 
hwaloidea. The modems use it now for one of 
the membranes of the brain, pituate between the 
dura mater and pia mater. It is a serous mem- 
brane, and composed of two layers ; the exfemal 
being confounded, in the greater part of its extend 
with the dura mater, and, like it, lining the inte- 
rior of the cranium and spinal canal; the olAer 



ap«iiiiig a 

U fundi 

\9 bnun, from vhtoli U i 

iiB posterior p^rt auder the corpus 
It fumu ■ put of the inrtating ihwth 
HI. u iLej pui from tbo «ne«ph*]iD 
u chief HKs »em to be; — to envelop, 
le measure, protect the bnin, uid U> 
lid fgr the parpoie of kseping it in ■ 
dspted (or Uie propec perfurnu 

Ulccb, AttatiPbt. A. luina gtrM 
wilhoDt palling into { bj pKneelnu to a maligokot, gangnutHaj dImt, 
and . extending from the feet to the legi. 
r u I AKASA, MTTobaluni eitrin*. 

AKASCOX, liTmplionuaia, Batrriuii. 
ARATRUM, Vomer. 

ARAUCAKIA D0MBB7I, Sombe7> exoeln. 

ARBOR BENIVI, Benjamin— » Indian laa. 

D nu cuais — i. Uarii, Con! — ■■ ThDriTer*— -JnnU 

■ perns Ljcit — >. DUri TlnAeani, Palnu* atari 

I Arbob Vit^ (F,) Arbn <(( om. A BUna 
W an u-boreacent appearance, obaarred at 


ARACK', Armci; (Eael Indian.) A ipi 
ons liqaor made in India in various wa;s, oiloD reiuiU fr 
from rice, aemelimei from lagar fermented aloair white tul 
with the juice of Che cocoa nut ; trequentl; fr 
toddj, the jui ■ ■ ' - 


_ 1 strong, healing spi— „ 

Abice, Mock, ia made b; adding ^i] of Bat- 
mie arid to a oHirl 0/ ren. The celebrated 
Vauball punch is made with tmcb araclu 

ABAGOi:€BD<I, Icica aracouchiai. 


AR'AUOS, from afaitm, 'I am tnibolenL' ! 
Tbe agitation excited in the stomach bj 
ooctioD of alimenta of diSereDt nature. — luppv- 
oralca. Liliewise, tlie motion prodnced bf ca- 

AR^OMA. Interstice. 

AREOMETER, Areometer. 

AR AOT'ICA, from api<«., ' I rarefy.' Modi- 
oines supposed to hare the quality of zarefjing 
the humours. See Raretaoieni. 

AKAKI, see Spirit. 

ARALIA CAKAUENSIB, Panax qiunqaefo- 

iglheeerebeUnmlon^taiiliDally; . 

- ' — the particular arrangemait of Iha 

wniie lUDsianee with the dneiitioua. Al», tba 

Thn ja oceidenlalit 

Ariob Vita CTHna, Falm« nt«ri plieata. 

AHioa Vira or laa Utibui, FaImM ntati 

AR'BORES. A morbid alteration of Iha Ala, 

.Seiai; Spikcn 

FaU, Sartaparifla, (i\) Pt'tit nard. This Ame- 
rican plant is said to be a mild stiraalant and 
diaphoretic, and has been recommended as a aub- 
■titate fur aaraaparillL It ia Died, alao u b tonic. 
It ia in the eecondar; liit of the Pbanoaeopceia 
of the United 6(ate«. 

. RiCE»o'B», AMcrreim Spitr»ard, 

ABBOUSIER, Arbutna onedo. 

ARBRF BE VIE, Arbor Vit«. 

^ - SIS, Uypericum bacciferum. 

AKBUTUS, A. Unedo— a. Trailing, A. D«t 
orsi, Kpigta repena. 

Ar'butds Uia TTkbi, Arrlottapli'yloi Dm 
urti, Jtaira-ma uca u-n. KaC. OnL BrioMk 
Stjc. SjtI. Decandria Uonogynia. (F.) Smm- 
TolU on Baitio if Oar*. The JeaFea— ( C'va Urwi, 
Ph. U. S.y-ot this plant are tonie aad astringanL 
and have been employed, chiefly, in diseaiea of 
the arioary organs. Dose of tbe powder tnm 
gr. xr. to 3al. The English names are Trailimf 
Ar'»Hfit>, Sear's WiiorlUbtrry or fiearkrry, 
Moutilaim-bor, Btdhtrrg, Ufiand tt^utitrry, 
immendcd, in deeoc- i'<«^"y, ^\"^"''^- , ^ , 

, Xardiu ^nenWiiM, ''"■ f"''"'" papyra'eta, »|iiif>>t, (P.) jlrhWHT. 
A decoction of the leaTM ii astringent, and hH 
been used in diurhcea. 

ARC, Arrh, Ami. Any part of the body T»- 
sembling an arch in forra; as the Arch 0/ lit 
co/on, (F.) Arc du co/oii,— the Iransierae portion 
of that intealino :— ArrA of Hie Aorta, Amu iwr'- 
tcr. (F.) Crotme dc eAoric, Ac, the tain wbieli tik* 
aorta takes in the thorax. 

A. Xud 

I, Angtl'ica Trtt, Prirkh 
, Tonlhath Trtc, Spiitiiard Trtt, PrieHy 
tr, aiioiiiiiA, Pigeon Trtt. Its properties 

AKAXEA, Aranen Tela — a. Tareutula, ( 

ABA'NE£ TELA, Ara'mra, Aro'ien, Oo 
set, (F.) ToiU iFAraisnir. Formerly, this su 
Manee was much employed, and supposed to pa 
aess citraordiaary Tirtuei, especi^y when a 
pliad to the wriita. Il has been recently osi 
-— '- '- mitl«Bta. The spider .- " 

laned ii 

a plaster aad applied to the forehead ; atraini 

tomotic— o. Crwrofc, Crural arch 
Crural arch — a. Orbitairt, Orbitar arch — a. Pb- 
ticnae, Pubio arch — a. ^yjoautijfM, Zygomatle 

a. Palmaim, Palmar archaa. 


fiduMc (f Arniiu. A kind of loft ointmmC nad 
in sores, contusions, Ao. It is made bj melting 
two parts of mutton auet, one part of bog's laid: 
. .; J ...:_ — 1 port and a half t 

i by Dii 
■gne. <^ahweb ia ■ mechanical styptic, 
K> applied, at times. 

ABAKBO'SA UBI'NA. A term applied to 
the' nrine when loaded with fllamenta, like cob- 

ARANBCSOS (PULSUS); a term employed 
to express extreme weakness of pulse ; when the 
moTementa resemble those of a delioale net raised 
by the wind. 

ARASBVlt, An»a Tela. 

g and a^taling till eold. 
AKSO\, Colophonia. 
A'KUH, from nrco, ' a ehnL' A neieb 
in, a q*att or •mpir'ieal BHrif ici'iie, (F.) 
A remedy whoea composition li kapl 
but which il repated lo poaaeu gt«al 

oiydum — a. Dupiioatum, Polaa 

ARCEAU, Arculns, Cradla. 
ABCEUTHOS, Jlnipna ooa 




ABCH, AWASTOMOT'IC, (F.) Arcade Aiuuto- 

w»tiquef U Uie anion of two resselSi whicli anaa- 
tanoie by describing a curred line. The vesselB 
of the meatntery anastomose in this manner. 

AscB OF THB Aorta, see Aorta — a. Crural, see 
Craral arch — a. Femoral, see Crural arch — a. 
Gkteal, see Qluteal aponeoroais — a. Htemal, see 
Hsmal aroh — a. Inguinali see Crural arch — a. Or- 
Uul, see Orbltar arch — a. of th^ Palate, see Palate 
boofr— a. of the Pubis, see Pubio arch — a. Subpu- 
bic, m« Subpubic arch — a. Superciliary, see Super- 
elUry arches— A. Zygomatic, see Zygomatic arch. 

Abchks or THE Palate. These are two in 
susber on each side of the throat, one of which 
il termed anterior , the Other posterior. 

The anterior arch arises from the middle of 
tt« velum palati, at the side of the uvula, and is 
fixed to the edge of the base of the tongue. 

The posterior arch has its origin, likewise, from 
tile side of the uvula, and passes downwards to 
be inserted into the side of the pharynx. The 
■Bterior arch contains the circumflexus palati, 
■fid forms the isthmus faucium. The posterior 
■reh has, within it, the levator palati, and be- 
tween the arches are the tonsils. 

ARCH^'US, Arehe'Wf from apx^t * commence- 
meat,' (F.) Archie. A word invented by Basil 
Tsleotine, and ailerwards adopted by Paracelsus 
sod Van Helmont. The latter used it for the 
iDicnal principle of oar motions and actions. 
Thifl arehaBoa, according to Van Helmont, is an 
immaterial principle, existing in the seed prior 
to fecondaUon, and presiding over the develop- 
ment of the body, and over all organic pheno- 
Busa. Besides this chief archseus, whose seat 
TsD Helmont placed in the upper orifice of the 
itomaeh, he admitted several of a subordinate 
ebaractcr, which had to execute its orders ; one, 
for instance, in each organ, to preside over its 
fiuetions ; each of them being subject to anger, 
c^riee, terror, and every human faLing. 

About twenty miles to the north of New Arch- 
aage], Sitka Island, on the N. W. coast of North 
Aoterica* are some thermal aulphareouB waters, 
the temperature of one of which is upwurds of 
\iy of Fahr. They are much celebrated.— Sir 
6eo^ Simpson. 

ARCHANQBUCA, Laminm album. 

ABCHA50ELICA OFnciiTALis, Angelica. 

ARGHE, «fvv, Init"iwn, Prineip'ium, Primor*' 
iiwMf Ort'go, Inva'tio. The first attack of a dis- 

ARCHECPTOMA, Proctocele. 

AMCB£e, Arehsos. 

ARCHELL, CANART, Lichen roccella. 

ARCHELOO^IA, fromafXv» ' beginning,' and 
Uytt * a discourse.' A treatise on fundamental 
priaeiplec;-~of medicine, for example. 

ARCHRN'D A. A powder of the leaves of the 
Uyutntm, used bj the Egyptians after bathing, 
to obviate the unpleasant odour of the feet — 
Proeper Alpinos. 

ARCHIA'TEB, Artkia'trua, Protomed'icue, 
PT9tia*troa, from «fXif> 'authority,' and tarpos, 
'pbyridao.' The original signification of this 
«oid is a matter of dispute. Soma consider, with 
llsrearialis, that it meant physician to a prince, 
kisfr aaperor, Ae. : others, with C. HoflPmaa, ap- 
ply ^ to eveij physician who, by his situation, 
» nised above his collei^^es. The former opi- 
B<ea seems to have prevailed, — Amhiatre des 
^oM de Pranee beixic applied to the chief physi- 
cisa lo the kings of fnaf. 

1BCHIQ"BNI MOBBL Acnte diseases; be. 
CUM they hold the first rank: from sfx^' '^' 
IBiiBfc' and yivMacy 'I am.' 

ABCfllMAGIA, Ohymistiy. 

Archingeay is situate in France, three leagues 
from St Jean d'Angely. The waters are prized 
in all diseases. They seem to contain carbonate 
of lime, a little chloride of sodium, carbonate of 
iron, and some bitumen. 

plectic make. 

ARCHITIS, Proctitis, Rectitis. 

ARCHOCELB, Proctocele. 

ARCHOPTOMA, Proctocele. 

ARCHOPTOSIS, Proctocele. 

ARCHORRHA'GIA, from afx^s* 'the anus,' 
and pew, 'I flow.' Archorrha'a, Hemorrhage 
froni the anus. 

AkCHORRHCEA, Archorrhagia. 

ARCHOS, Arcus, Rectum. 

ARCHOSTEGNOM A, Stricture of the Rectum. 

ARCHOSTEGNOSIS, Stricture of the Rectum. 

ARCHOSTENOSIS, Stricture of the Rectum. 

ARCUOSYRINX, Fistula in ano. 

AR'CIFORM, Arei/or'ini»f from onr, areia, 
'a top or ridge,' and formaj * shape.' An epi- 
thet given to certain fibres, Fibra arei/orm'et, 
of the anterior pyramids of the medulla oblon- 
gata, which take a curved course around the in- 
ferior extremity of each corpus olivare and ascend 
towards the cerebellum. 

ARCTA'TIO, Arctitu'do, from areto, 'I make 
narrow ;' Angutta'tio, Charcta'tio. Contraction, 
(F.) Jiitricieeement, of a natural opening or of a 
canal, and especially of the vulva, of the orifice 
of the uterus, or of the intestinal canal. Consti- 
pation, (see Stegnosis.) Reunion by suture or 
infibulation. — Scribonius Largus, Paul Zao- 
chias, Ac 


ARCTIUM, A. lappa — a. Bardana, A. lappa. 

Arctium Lappa. The root and seed of the 
Clit'bur, Barda'na, Arctium, A. harda'na sen 
majut sen minue sea tomento'eumf riaphie. Lap- 
pa glabra. Lappa major, L. pereona'ta, Pereola'" 
ta, PereoUa'ta, Pertolu'ta, Burdock, (F.) Bar- 
dane, Glouteron, Nat. Ord. Compositae. Sex. 
S^tt. Syngenesia saqualis. Boot diuretic: teed 
cathartic. It has been used in decoction in dis- 
eases of the skin and in syphilis. 

Abctiuic Majus, a. lappa — a. Minus, A. lappa 
— a. Tomentosum, A. lappa. 

can plant, Nat. Ord, UmbellifersB, which is de- 
mulcent and diuretic, somewhat approaching sar- 
sapanilla. The decoction of the root is employed 
in syphilis, lepra, and chronic cutaneous affection^ 
of ah kinds. 


ARCTU'RA, from areto, 'I straighten.' The 
effects of a nail grown into the flesh, Aretu'ra 
unguia,—See Onychogryphosis. 

Arctura UNetiuic. The growing in or inTsr- 
sion of the nails. Bee Onychogryphosis. 

ARCUA'TIO, (hneava*Ho. An anterior gib- 
bosity or projection of the sternum. 

oueil is about one league south of Paris. The 
water contains carbonic acid, carbonate of lime, 
sulphate of lime, chloride of sodium, and some 
deliquescent salts. 

A oelebrated society held its meetingB at this 
village, of which Berthollet, Humbold^ La Place, 
Ac, were members. 

ARCULA CORDIS, Pericardium. 

ARCULiE. The Orbltar Fosssb: vetXiSis,^ 
Rufns of Ephesus. 

ARC'ULUS, diminutive of arovs, 'an sroh.' A 
inuU arohj a cradle, (F.) ilresa% ArckaL A 




•emicircular box or buket used for preyenting 
the bed-clothes from coming in contact with in- 
jured or diseased parts. An ordinance of the 
Grand Dake of Tuscany forbade mothers to sleep 
with an infant near them, unless it was put under 
a solid cradle. 

ARCUS MEDULLARIS, Fornix— a. Senilis, 
Gerotoxon — a. Subpubious, Subpubic arch — a. 
Buperciliaris, Superciliary arches — a. Unguium, 
see Niul — a. Zygomaticus, Zygomatic arch. 

ARDALOS, Kxorement. 

ARDAS, Excrement. 

ARDENT, Ardent, from ardere, 'to bum.' 

Ardent Fbyer, (F.) Fiivre ardente. The 
0au»u9f Synocha, or inflammatory fever. 

Ardent or Inflamed Eyes, (F.) Yeux ardent. 
The oyea are so called when injected red. 

Ardent Urine, (F.) Urine ardtnie. Urine of 
a deep red. 

ARDESIA HIBERNICA, Hibemicus lapis. 

ARDEURf Ardor— a. dvi Coeur, Cardialgiar— 
a. <tE$tomae, Ardor ventriculi, Pyrosis — a. de 
la Fiivre, Ardor Febrilis — a. d^ Urine, Ardor 

AR'DOR, (F.) Ardeur. Heat A feeling of 
burning, of yiolent heat; JEetue, JEttua'tio, Oau" 

Ardor Frbri'lis, (F.) Ardeur de la Fiivre. 
The hot period of ferer. 

Ardor Stomacbi, Pyrosis. 

Ardor Uri'kjB, ^F.) Ardeur d^ Urine, A scald- 
ing sensation occasioned by the urine in passing 
over the inflamed mucous membrane of the ure- 
thra, or over the neck of the bladder. 

Ardor Vxnbreus, HeaL 

Ardor Ventric'uli, Ebullit"io Stom'aehi, (F.) 
Ardeur cTEetomae, Heartburn. See Cardialgia 
and Pyrosis. 

A'REA, 'a Yoid place,' 'an open surface.' A 
liatin word used by some authors to designate a 
variety of Alopecia, in which the hair changes 
colour, but does not fall off; also, Porrigo de- 

Area GBRicnrAnyA, Taehe embryonnaire. 

Area Pellu'cida. An elliptical depression in 
the oTum, filled with a pellucid fluid, in Uie cen- 
tre of which is the germ. 

Area Vascclo'sa, see Ciroulus yenosus. 

ARE'CA. The fruit— Jre'ca nut, Betel nut— of 
Are'ea Catfecku, A. Faufel, Caun'ga ; JVial. Ord, 
Palmee; Sex, Sjftt, Monoecia Monadelphia ; (F.) 
AreCf is astringent and tonic, and enters into the 
eomposition of the JBetel, the great masticatory 
of the Orientals. 

Arbca Catechv, see Areca. 

Arbca Faufel, see Areoa. 

from are/aeere, 'to miJie dry,' {arere, 'to dry,' 
and faeere, ' to make.') The process of drying 
Bubstances, prior to pulverisation. 

ARENA, see GraveL 

ARENAMEN, Bole Armenian. 

ARENA'TIO, Choeie, Sand or Earik Bath; 
from arena, 'sand/ Saburra'tio, The applica- 
tion of hot sand to the body. Pedilu'via of sand 
were formerly used in Ascites. 

ARENO'SA URPNA, Sandy Urine. Urine 
when it deposits a sandy sediment 

ARENO'SUS, Sabulous. Also, one who passes 
•andv urine. 

ARENULA, see Gravel. 

ARE'OLA. A diminutive of Area, (F.) Aire. 
Anatomists understand by AreoUB, the inter- 
stices between the fibres composinB organs; or 
those existing between laminsD, or between ves- 
sels which interlace with each other. 

Areola is, also, applied to the coloured eirde 
Solo, Haloe, which surrounds the nipple, Aref^ 

ola pajnlla'rie, and which becomes much daiker 
dunns pregnancy ; as well as to the circle sur- 
rounding oertidn vesicles, pustules, Ac, as the 
pustules of the small-pox, the vaccine vesicle, 
Ae, Chanssier, in such oases, recommends the 
word Aureola, (F.) Aurfole. 

Areola Papillaris, see Areola. 

Areola, Tubercles or tbe, see MammsL 

ARE'OLAR, Areola'rie, Appertaining to an 

Areolar Exhalations are those reeremen- 
tiUal secretions, which are effected within the 
organs of sense, or in parenchymatous struc- 
tures, — as the aqueous, crystalline and vitreous 
humours, Ac. 

Areolar Tissue, Cellular Tissue. 

AREOM'ETER, Araom'eier, Oravim'eUr, AU 
eoHlom'eter, Airoetat'ic Balance, from «fai«f, 
' light,' and fLerpov, ' measure :' i. e. ' meaeure of 
ligktneM.* An instrument, so called, because 
first employed to take the specific gravity of 
fluids lighter than water. The Areometer of Bau^ 
mi, which is the most used in Pharmacy, particu- 
larly in France, consists of a tube of glass, largely 
expanded towards its inferior extremity, and ter- 
minating, below, by a small ball, containing mer- 
cury or lead, which serves it as a balance, so that 
it may remain upright in the fluid. This tube is 
furnished with a graduated scale. If the fluid 
into which the Areometer is plunged be heavier 
than water, the instrument rises : if lighter, .it 
sinks. There are various Areometers, as those 
of the Dutch, of Fahrenheit, Nicholson, Ac The 
AreomieUr is also called Hydrom'eter, (F.) Ari- 
omktre, PkaeMqueur, 

There are some hydrometers which have a gene- 
ral application for determining the specific gra- 
vities of liquids, — as Fahrenheit's, Nicholson's, 
Guyton de Morveau's, and the common glass hy- 
drometers, including Baum^'s, Cartier's, Twad- 
dle's, Zanetti's, and the specific gravity beads; 
others intended for special application, — as for 
estimating the comparative strength of spirits; 
the comparative densities of syrups, oils, Ac, — 
as Guy Lussac's, Sikes's and Dicat's hydrometers, 
and the saccharometer, nrinometer, and elaeometer. 


1. Atcending Scale for light liquids. 

Scale of 
















Pure hydrocyanic acid.— Oef iMe- 

Very pure fulpbaric ether. 
The aame concentrated. 

Equal parts of alcohol and ether. 
Very pure alcoliol for phamaceuti 

cal purposes. 
Pure alonhnl. Naphtha. 
Alcohol of commerce. 
Eaaenlial oil of turpentine 

Hydrocyanic arid of Scheele and 
pure hydrocyanic acid, mixed 
with an equal portion of water. 

Acetic ether. 

Nitric ether. 
Muriatic ether. 
Liquid ammonia. 
Olive oil. 


Burgundy wine 

Bordeaux wine 
Oiatilled watar. 

2. DmiMmiiny SoaU /or heavy liqmid». 



Sal* of I SiMcifle 
" — " iGmntaw. 









1000 ) 



1091 i 








CommoD dittilled water. 
DtMilled TiiMf ar. 
OoiBBOii Tinegar. 
Oow*> milk. 

Ooneentzmlad aMtk acid. 

Liqaid bydrocbloric acid. 

Boiling aynip. 
Cold ayrup. 
Common nitric acJd. 

Ooncentraied aitric acid. 

Pboapboric acid for medical naa. 

Very concentrated nilphoric add. 
Very concentrated plioepboricacid. 

ARES. A term invented by Paracolaus to de- 
fignate the principle on which dependa the form 
of mercury, solphur, and salt. These the alchy- 
mtstc regarded aa the three bodies that give birth 
to erery other. 

AB'ETE, aptr^, 'Tirtae.' Mental or oorporeal 
TigGor. — Hippoeratea. 

AKSTH U'S A, Jl bulbo*§a; indigenoua. Order, 
Orehidaoaa. The bmiaed bulbs are used in 
tootliach ; and as eatftplaams to tumoors. 

A'&EUS. A. pessary mentioned by Paolus of 

AR6BL. Cj'nanehnm olesefoUum. 

AA'OEMA, Ar^gewum, Ar'gemue, from afyos, 
* white/ Fot^»uUt, (F.) Eneavurt. A white spot 
ar olceimtion of the eye. — Hippocrates. See Leu. 

AR6£M'0NB, MEXICA'NA, Tkom Poppy, 
Pritkig Poppy, Ydlow TkiatU. A native of 
JCtzieo, bai nAtaralised in most parts of the 
world. Nat, €)rd. PapaveraoesB. Sex, Syet, Po- 
lyandri* MoBOgynia. The jnioe resembles gam- 
boge^ and hae been used as a hydragogne. The 
NMia are employed in the West Indies as a snb- 
ititate for ipeeaooanha. They are also nsed as 

ckalybeate sitoate at Argenson in Daaphiny: 
Bsed in eases of obstniction, jaondieei Ae. 

ABGBJfT, Argentom — a. Ckiorure eT, see Ar- 
gcatom — a. Cyanurt dP, see Argentom — a. et 
^Ammomiaqwa, tUorare cT, see Argentom — a. 
loimrt <r, sea Argentom — a. Oxide eT, see Ar- 

I in/ema'lU, Araen'hm nit'rieum fveam, and Uma^ 
eaaetie, (F.) Nitrate d^ argent fondu, Pierre «'»« 

In the Pharmacopoeia of the United States, It 
is direeted to be prepared as follows : — Take of 
•ilver, in small pieces, Ij. ; nitric actd, f ^^U** 
dietiUed wMter, f|y. Mix the add with the 
water, and dissolve the silver in the mixture In 
a sand bath; then crystallise, or gradually in- 
erease the heat, so that the resulting salt may be 
dried. Melt this in a orucible over a gentle fire, 
and eontinne the heat until ebullition oeases; 
then immediately pour it into suitable moulds. 

The virtuee of nitrate of silver are tonic, and 
esoharotie. It is given in chorea, epilepsy, Ac. ; 
locally, it is used in various oases as an escharotie. 
Dose, gr. 1-8 to gr. 1-4 in pOl, three times a day. 
When silver is combined with iodine, it is said 
to have the same eflPect as the nitrate, and not to 
produce the slate colour of the surfitoe, which ia 
apt to follow the protracted use of the latter. 
Arovicti Oxiditm, see Argentom. 
ARaSNTILIiA YULQARIS^ Potentilla an. 

AR'GENTIKB, Argemto^eue, same etymon aa 
the next. Pertaining to silver; as an * argentine 
solution,' or solution of a salt of silver. 
Arobittike, PotenUlla aaserina. 
ARGEN'TUM, Ar'gyrue, flrom a^et, 'white,' 
Silver, Luna, Dia'na, (F.) Argent, A solid metal 
of a shining white appearance ; insipid ; inodor- 
ous; highly sonorous; malleable and ductile; 
somewhat hard ; orystallixable in triangular py- 
ramids; fusible a little above a red beat, and 
volatixable; s. g. 10.4. Kot nsed in medioinci 
unless in some places for silvering pills. Silvib 
Leaf, Argen' turn folia' two, is the state in which 
it is used for this purpose. 

Argxntum Divi'sum, metaUie eilver, in very 
fine powder, has been recommended internally ia 

The Chloridb (Argen'ti eklo'ridum, Argen'^ 

AROENTBRIA, Potentilla anserina. 
AROBNTI CHLORIDUM, see Argentom— a. 
et AjamonisB ohloridom, see Argentom — a. et 
eUororeCam, see Argentom — a. Cya- 
ArgentoB — a. Cyaaoretom, see Ar- 
Io£dami, see Argentom — a. lodore- 
tim, see Argentom. 

Aaon'ri Nitbaj, Argen'tmm Nitra'tnm, Sal 
vyta'li, Af^eitfwa Nitfrieam, (F.) NitraU d*Ar^ 
ftet, AaataU ^Argemt, Nitrate of Silver, This 
prtpstatioa ia sometimes kept in crystals, the 
Ifitrme Argemfti in eryetal'loe eonere'tme, Nitrate 
iArgtat eryetaUieS of the Codex of Paris, Luna 
fetak^me, CryetaUi Luna, Argen'tum uit*rieum 
eryeteUieeftmn, Nitrae argenti eryetaPlinue, Ni- 
hmafri, Hydiragt/gum Bot'lbi. Generally, 
it is in the ioaed state : and it ia this 

turn muriai'iewm. A, ehlora'tum, A, ealVtum, 
Chlorure'tum Argen'ti, Ohlor'uret or Mu'riate of 
Silver, (F.) Ckiorure d^ Argenti) the CtaktrXt; 
the loDiDX {Argen'ti lo'didum, Argen'tum Joda'» 
turn, lodure'tum Argen'ti, lod'uret of Silver, (F.) 
lodure d* Argent;) the OxiDB {Argen'ti ox'iaumf 
Argen'tum oxyda'tum, (F.) Oxide d' Argent, and 
the Chloridx of Ammonia and Silvxb {Argen'ti 
et Ammo'nia ehlo'ridum, Argen'tum muriaPicum 
eanmonia'tum, Chlorure'tum Argen'ti et Ammo'" 
nia, CMo'ruret of Silver and Ammionia, Amrnc* 
nio-eJUoride of Silver, (F.) Ckiorure d^ Argent et 
d'Ammoniaque, have been used in syphilis. At 
first, these different preparations were adminis- 
tered iatraleptically on the gums ; the chloride, 
the cyanide and the iodide in the dose of l-12th 
of a grain ; the chloride of silver and ammonia 
in the dose of l-14tb of a grain, and the oxide of 
silver and divided silver in the dose of l-8th and 
l-4th of a grain. M. Serre, of Montpellier, who 
made many trials with them, soon found that 
these doses were too small ; he therefore raised 
that of the chloride to 1-lOth, and of the iodide 
to l-8th of a grain, without any ineonvenienee 
resulting. The dose of the other preparations was 
likewise increased in a similar ratio. M. Serre 
extols the preparationa of silver — osed internally 
as well as iatraleptically — as antisyphilltics, hot 
they are not to be depended upon. 

The Oyanmret or Cyanide of Silver, Argen'ti 
(^a nmre 'tum. A, Oyeaifidum, Argen'tum evanoge- 
na'tum, (F.) Cyanure d^argent, is thus directed 
to be prepso^ in the Ph. U. S. (1842.) Argent, 
is admitled into most Pharmaeopceiaa, and NiL %xr. Acid Bydroeyan,, Aq, deetiUat, U OJ. 
vhicli,beaides the Bane Ar««r«M^fy«Mit,MeaUed Having dissolved the nitrate of silver in the 
Mftrm mrgeafti fmrnt, O am fHeu m Una'ri, Jjapie \ water, add the hydroeytsle aeid, aad bOz thank 




Waah the predpitote with dutilled water and diy 
it In the laat edition of the Pharmacopceia, 
(1851,) it la directed to be prepared as follows: — 
Niirate of Silver, dissolved in dUHUed wcOer, is 
pat into a tabulated glass receiver; Ferooyanur^t 
of Potauiumy dissolved in dittilUd water, is put 
into a tubalated retort> previoaslv adapted to the 
receiver. Dilute Sulphuric Acid is added to the 
Bolation in the retort; and, by means of a sand- 
bath and a moderate heat, distillation is eairied 
on nntil the liquid that passes over no longer 
produces a precipitate in die receiver. The pre- 
cipitate is then washed with distilled water, and 

The Oxide of Silver, Argen'ti Ox'idum, has 
been introduoed into the last edition of the Ph. 
U. 8. (1851.) It is made by precipitating a solu- 
tion of the nitrate of Silver by eolution of Po- 
tasta, drying the precipitate. 

Arokntuic Chloratum, see Argentam — a. 
Cyanogenatum, see Argentam — a. Fugitivum, 
Hydrargyrum — a. Fusum, Hydrargyrum — a. 
lodatnm, see Argentam — a. Liquidum, Hydrar- 
gyrum — a. MobUo, Hydrargyrum — a. Muriatl- 
oum, see Argentum — a. Muriaticum Ammonia- 
tam, see Argentam — a. Oxydatum, see Argentum 
— a. Salitum, see Argentum — a. Vivum, Hydrar- 
ARGIL, PURE, Argilla pura. 
a. Bolus rubra, Bole Armenian — a. Ferruginea 
rubra, Bole Armenian — a. Kalisulphurica, Alu- 
men — a. Palida, Bolus alba. 

AneiLLA Pura, Terra Alu'minie, T. hola'rie, 
•eu argiUa'eea purti, Alu'mina depwra'ta, pure 
Argil or Alumuta, (F.) Aluinine /aetiee. This sub- 
stance, which is prepared by drying alum and 
exposing it, for twenty or twenty-five minutes, to 
a red heat, until the sulphuric acid is driven oflF, 
has been recommended in indigestion as antacid, 
as well as in vomiting and diarrhoea accompanied 
with acidity. The dose to a very young child is 
from 3iM to 5J I to older children from 5J to 3U* 
Argilla Sulphurica Alcalisata, Alumen 
— a. Sulphurica usta, Alumen exsiccatum — a. 
Bupersulphas aloalisatum, Alumen — a. Vitriolata, 

ARGILLiE ACETAS, Aluminse acetas — a. 
Sulphas, Aluminae sulphas. 

ARGOL, RED, Potasssa supertartras impurus 
^-a. White, PotasssD supertartras impurus. 


ARGT'RIA, from apyvpoi, < silver.' The dis- 
coloration of the skin occasioned by the internal 
use of nitrate of silver. 

ARGTROCHiBTA, Matricaria. 

ARGYROPH'ORA, from a^yveoi, 'silver,' and 
^cpw, ' I bear.' A name given, by Myrepsus, to 
an antidote which he regarded as extremely pre- 


ARGTRUS, Argentum. 

ARHEUMAT'IO, Arheumat'icue, from a, pri- 
vative, and ^ita, * fluxion or rheumatism.' One 
without fluxion or rheumatism. 

ARIA, GratsBgus aria. 

ARIGI'NA, CWeoatn, Oueco-Oineho'nia, so 
ealled from Arica in South America, the place 
where it is shipped. An alkali found in Cusco 
Bark, which is very similar in many of its pro- 
perties to Oinohonia. Cosoo was the ancient 
rMidence of the Ineas. 

ARIC'YMON, from «ff, an intensive partide, 
and cvciv, 'to conceive.' A name given to a 
female who conceives readily. — Hippocrates. 

ARIDE'NA. A Latin word emi^oyed to de- 

signate the leanness of any ptrt— Xtlmilkr] 

ARID'ITT, Arid'ttae. (F.) AridiU, from «wi^ 
'to dry.' The French use the word Ari di tJ $t 
express the dryness of any organ, and partfam- 
larly of the skm and tongue, when such dryntfi 
is so great as to render the oa^gan rough to Um 
touch. Aridity also means the lannginoaB •» 
pearance of the hair in some diseases in whka 
they seem covered with dust. 

ARIDU'RA. Wasting or emadation of tbi 
whole or of any part of the body; Maraim«% 

Aridura Cordis, Heart, atrophy of the— •» 
Hopatis, Hepatrophia. 

A RIKA, see Spirit. 


ARISTOLOCHPA, from a^ert, 'ybtj goec^' 
and Xoxua, ' parturition ;' so called, because tbi 
different varieties were supposed to aid partui- 
tioo. Birthwort, (F.) Arietoloche, Several va- 
rieties were once in use. 

Aristolochia Cay a, Fumaria bulbosa. 

Aristolochi'a Clemati'tis, ArietolockCa VmU 
ga'rie sou Ore^tica, Adra Pita, Arietoloeki'a fea^- 
uie, (F.) ArietolocKe ordinaire. Upright BirA- 
wort. The root has been considered stimnlaat 
and emmenagogue, and as such has been used hi 
amenorrhcea, chlorosis, and cachexia. 

Aristolochia Crbtica, A. Clematitia — a. Fft- 
bacea, Fumaria bulbosa. 

Aristolochi'a LoifOA, and A. Rotttu'da, (F.) 
Arietoloche longue et ronde, Long and JRmmd 
Birthwort. Virtues the same as the preceding. 

Aristolochi'a Pistolochi'a, Pietolochi'aArie- 
toloehi'a, Pol^rrhi'tcu This variety has an aie- 
matic odour, and an acrid and bitter taste. (F.) 
Arietoloche crfnelfe, 

Aristolochi'a Serpskta'ria, Serpenta'rim, 
Vipera'ria, Viperi'na Virginia'na, OotuhrCmm 
Virginia'na, Oontrayer'va Virainia'na, S. Fifir- 
ginia'ua, (F). Serpentaire et Arietoloche miv«»- 
taire de Virginie, Ooluvrine de Virgime, rw- 
ginia Snakeroot, Snakeroot Birthwwrt, SmeJk^ 
weedy Snagrel. 'Virtues — tonic, stimulant; aad, 
as such, employed in debility, intermittents, 4& 

Aristolochia Tenuis, A. Clematitis — a. Tii- 
flda, A. Trilobate. 

Aristolochi'a Triloba'ta, A. tri/'ida, (F.) 
Ariatoloche trilohfe. A plant of Surinam and 
Jamaica; possessing the general virtues of the 
AristolochisB. The other varieties of Aristole- 
chia have similar properties. 

Aristolochi'a Vulgaris Rotuitda, Fnmaria 

ARISTOLOCH'IC, Arietoloch'ieue, Same ety- 
mology. An old term for remedies supposed to 
have the property of promoting the flow of the 
lochia. — Hippocrates, Theophrastus, Dioscoride^ 

VUM. These names were formerly given to 
pharmaceutical preparations, used in phthidSy 
tormina, and fever. — Avicenna. 

ARISTOPHANEI'ON. A sort of emollient 
plaster, prepared with four pounds of pitoh, two 
of i^chyma, one of wax, an ounce of opoponax, 
and half a pint of vinegar. — Gorrsos. Not 

About 5 miles from the Washita river, and aboot 
a quarter of a degree north of the Louisiana line^ 
there are about 70 of those springs. They are 
thermal, varying from 138° to 150° Fahrenheit, 
and are employed in rheumatism, cutaneooa itf> 
fections, Ae. 

ARLADA, Realgar. 





mI wliilwuiiM ■pringa in die department of 
Ijiimim Oricntelee, Fnnee. Their temperature 
ii li3<> to 14ft« of Fmhr., and they contain lul- 
|hohjdrie acid. 


ARMA« Peaia-HL Ventris, PenU. 

A&MAMBNTABIUM, ArMnal-a. Chirorgi. 

AEMATOBY UNGUENT, Hoplochrysma. 

A&MATUBA, Amnios. 

ARMEy from ofM, 'I adapt' Any phyaiolo- 
ptai or meehaaical jonotion or union of parte. — 
BeiyeluQa. A sature, ae of the eranium.---Galen. 

■■ea— a. Maine, Apricot. See Pmnus — a. 
Tilgvif, Pmnoe Armeniaca. 

ARMENIAN STONE, Melochitei. 

▲RMENITBS, Meloehitee. 

■hr liramente of the earpnai 

ARMOiSE BLANCHE, Artemieia mpestne 
-« Ocmmrtmtf Artemisia Vnlgarie — a. Estrctgon, 
Aitemida draieanenlnB— a. (hdinairt, Artemisia 

jDiMONIACUM, Ammoniao, gum. 

ARMORA'CIA. In the Pharmaoopoeia of the 
Uaited States, the fr«sh root of Coohlearia ar- 

AiHORAciA BusTicAirA, Cochleflria armoraoia 
-c SatiTa, Coohlearia armoraoia. 
ARMOUR, Condom. 
ARMURB DBS JAMBES, see Coma am. 

ARMUS, Hnmenu — a. Bummns, Acromion. 

AR'NICA MONTA'NA. Deriration unoer- 
tm. AmicOf LeopanFf Bane, Doron'ieum Oer- 
wmOcwm sen Opponti/(/lium, D. Ar'niea, Alu^- 
uoj Ac"vnu, Biuret' tea, Arnica Flatten' tit , Pa- 
•tee'o lajm/rum, Ptar'wMa monta'na, Oaltha 
m Colen'dmla Alpi'na, (F.) Amique, Bitoine 
im MotUaqnetf Tabac det Votge*^ Tabae ou Bi- 
Ime det Savoyardtf Doronic d^Allemagne, Sex. 
ftit Syngenesia Poljgamia superflua. NaL 
Ori. Synantherese. The plant and flower are 
Mddered, or hare been conridered, narcotic, 
Mmalant, emmenagogue, Ac; and, as such, have 
been given in amaurosis, paralysis, all nervous 
rfiwtions, riieumatism, gout, chlorosis, Ac Dose, 
gr. V to X, in powder. In large doses, it is dele- 
' Itrioiis. 

Abvica Spuwa, Inula dysenteriea — a. Sueden- 
rii, Inula dysenteriea. 


ARNOrrS DILATOR, see Dilator, Amott's. 

ARO'MA, Ar'tyvMiy 'perfume:* {apt, 'very,' 
md ««|if or 0^/19, 'odour.') Spir'itut Bector, (F.) 
Arome, The odorous part of plants. An ema- 
Bttion — frequently imponderable, from bodie? — 
vkieh acts on the organ of smell, and varies with 
the body exhaling it. 

AROMAT'IC, Aromat'icw, {Y.)Aromate. kny 
odoriferous snbstuice obtained from the vcj^ctable 
kingdom which contains much volatile oil, or a 
fight and expansible resin. Aromatics are used 
ii perftimes, in seasoning, and embalming. In 
■edicine they are employed a« stimulants. Qin- 
gv, cinnamon, eardamoms, mint, Ac, belong to 
lliis class. 

AROMATOPO^A, from ap«/ia, 'an odour,' 
Md xvtkat, ' I sell.' An apothecary or druggist. 
Oae who sells spices. 

AROX, Arum. 

AROPH. A bM-barous word, which had vari- 
oti siirnifications with the ancients. Paracelsus 
Mnployed it to designate a lithonthriptic remedy. 
The mandragora, according to some. Also, a 
Bixtore of bread, saffron and wine. — ^Van Hel- 

Abopb Pabacblsi, Fermm ammoniatnm. 

ARQUEBUSABE EAU U, Aqua trauma^^ 
tea Thedt'niif Aqua Thedia'na, Aqua telopeta'- 
rxa, Aqua vulnera'ria. Aqua eatapulta'rum, Mit^ 
tu'ra vulnera'ria ae"%da, A sort of vulnerary 
water, distilled from a farrago of aromatic plants. 
Botemarjf Ibiss, mille/oil, thtfme, each Ibss. 
Proof tpirit 2 j^ons— -distil a gallon. This ia 
one form. 

ARRABON, Arraphon. 

ARRACHEMENT, (F.) from arrae\er, 'to 
tear out,' Apotpat^ma, Abrup'tio, Atml'tio. Act 
of separating a part of the body by tearing it from 
the bonds connecting it with others. Evulsion. 

Arraehewunt is applied to certain operation^ 
as to the extraction of a tootk, the extirpation of 
apolyput, Ac 

ARRACK, Arack. See Spirit 

AR'RAPHON, ^r'roion, from «, priy., and 
pa^ij, 'a suture,' — 'without sutnre.' A term 
applied to the cranium when it presents no su- 

ARRECTIO, Erection. 

ARREPTIO, Insanity. 

ARRESTA BOVIS, Ononis spinosa. 

ARR£T B'H/LDAN, Remora HildanL 

ARR^TE B(EUF, Ononis spinosa. 
ARRHCE'A, from a, privative, and f»c*», 'I flow/ 
The suppression of any flux. Amenorrhoea. 
ARRH08TEMA, Disease. 
ARRHOSTIA, Disease, Infirmity. 
ARRHTTHMUS, Cacorrhythmus. 
ARRIBA, Oeoffrsoa Termifriga. 

ARRI^RE-BOUCHE, Pharynx — a, - JP«i^ 
see Dentition — a.-Faix, Seonndines. 

ARRI^RE-OOUT, (F.) 'after taste.' The 
taste left by certain bodies in the mouth for some 
time after they have been swallowed, owing per- 
haps to the papillie of the mouth having imbibed 
the savoury substance. 

ARRI^RES NARINES, Nares, posterior. 

ARROCEE, Atriplex hortensis — a. Puant, 
Chenopodium vulvaria. 

ARROSEMENT, Aspersion. 

ARROWHEAD, Sagittaria variabilis. 

ARROW LEAF, Sagittaria variabilis. 

ARROW POISON. This differs with different 
tribes of Indians. By some, the poison capsicum, 
and infusions of a strong kind of tobacco, and of 
euphorbiacesB are mixed together, with the poi- 
sonous emmet, and the teeth of the formidable 
serpent, called by the Peruvian Indians Jftuo- 
marti or Jergon, — Laehent pieta of TschudL 

ARROW ROOT, Fec'ula Maran't<B, Am'ylum 
maranta'ceuntf A. America'num. The fecula of 
the rhizoma of Ifamn'ta Arundina'cca, which, 
like all fcculie, is emollient and nutritive, when 
prepared with water, milk, Ac. 

Dr. Carson baa shown, that Florida nrrmc-rooi 
is derived from Za'mia iutegrifo'liaOT Z, pu'tnifu. 
Sugar pine ; Bermuda arrow root being obtained 
from Maranta anindinacea. Florida arrow root, 
as well as the farina, is known in the Southern 
States under the name Coonti or Coontie, 

According to Dr. Ainplio, an excellent kind of 
arrow root is prepared in Travancore from the 
root of Curcuma anguttifoUa. 

Arroio root mucilage is made by rubbing arrow 
root powder with a little cold water, in a basin, 
by means of the back of a spoon, until it is com- 
pletely mixed with the water; then pouring 6oi7- 
in^ water over it, stirring assiduously until a soft, 
gelatinous, tenacious mucilage is formed; and, 
lastly, boiling for five minutes. A tablespoonful 
I of arrow root powder is sufllcient to make a pint 




of muoilftge. It may be moderately sweetened ; 
and wine or lemon juioe may be added. 

With milk also it forms a bland and nntritioiis 
article of diet. 

Arrow Root, Brazilian. The feonla of Ja- 
tropha ManihoL 

Arrow Koot, Goiocom, see Solanum tubero- 

Arrow Root, East Indian. The feonla of 
the tubers of Curouma angustifolia or narrow- 
leaved Tarmerio. 
Arrow Root, Enqlish, Arrow root, common. 
ARROW WOOD, Euonymos, Viburnum den- 

ARS CABALI8TICA, Cabal— a. Chymiatrica, 
Chymiatria — a. Glysmatica nova, Infusion of me- 
dicines — a. Coquinaria, Culinary art — a. Cosme- 
tica, Cosmetios — a. Cidinaria, Culinary art — a. 
Empirica, Empiricism — a. Hermetica, Ghymistry 
— a. Homoeopathica, Homoeopathy — a. Hydria- 
trica, Hydrosudotherapeia — a. Infusoria, Infu- 
sion of medicines — a. Machaonia, Medlcina — a. 
Hf^orum, Chymistry — a. Medica, Medioina — a. 
Obstetricia, Obstetrics — a. Sanandi, Art, healing 
— a. Separatoria, Chymistry — a. Spagirica, Chy- 
mistry — ^a. Veterinaria, Veterinary Art — a. Zola- 
trica, Veterinary Art. 
ARSALTOS, Asphaltum. 
ARSATUM, Nymphomania. 
ARSENAL, (F.) Ckirapotl^ea, Armamenta*- 
rt'um, A, chirur'gicum, A collection of surgical 
instruments. A work containing a description 
of surgical instruments. 

ARSEN'IATE, Arten'iaa, A salt formed by 
a combination of arsenic acid with a salifiable 

Arseniatb or Ammonia, Araen'tat Ammo'nuB, 
Ani'no'nium Ar«entVtcum, (F.) Arainiate d*Am- 
monictque. This preparation is highly extolled 
in cutaneous diseases. A grain of the salt may 
be dissolved in an ounce of distilled water, and 
20 to 25 drops be commenced with as a dose. 

Arsbniate op Iron, Argen'icu Ferri, Ferrum 
Arweniaftum, F, Arten'icum oxydula'tum, (F.) 
Araini€Ue de Fer, This preparation has been 
applied externally to cancerous ulcers. An oint- 
ment may be made of ^ss of the arseniate, ^U ^^ 
the phosphate of iron, and ^vj of spermaceti 
ointment. The arseniate has also been given in- 
ternally in cancerous a£fections, in the dose of one- 
sixteenth of a grain. 

Arseniate of Protox'idb of Potas'sitjm, 
Proto-araen'icUe of Potua'aium, Araen'iate of Po- 
ta$»a, Arten'iat PotatatBy Araeniat Kali. Pro- 
perties the same as those of arsenious acid. 
Arseniate of Quinia, QuinisB Arsonias. 
AR'SENIC, Araen'icum. A solid metal ; of a 
ateel-gray colour; granular texture ; very brittle; 
Tolatilizing before melting; very combustible and 
acidifiable. It is not dangerous of itself, and only 
becomes so by virtue of the facility with which it 
absorbs oxygen. 
ABSENIO BLANOf Arsenicum album. 
Arsenic, Iodide of, Araen'id lo'didum sen 
Teriod'idum, A, lodure'tum, Araen'icum loda'- 
turn; formed by the combination of araenioua 
acid and iodine. This preparation, applied ex- 
ternally, has been highly extolled in various cu- 
taneous affections. An ointment may be made 
of three grains of iodide to §j of lard. It has 
also been given intemidly in the dose of a tenth 
of a gnun in similar affections. 

Arsenic, Oxide of, Arsenicum album — a. Ox- 
ide of. White, Arsenicum album — a. White, Arse- 
nicum album. 
Arsenic and Mbrcfrt, Iodide op, H^drar'- 

8'ri et Araen'iei lo'didum. Double Podide of 
tr'cmry and Ar'unio, /otiio-orcenite of Mer'cwry, 

A compound, which has been proposed af mora 
efficacious than either the iodide of anenie or tha 
iodide of merouiy. It is made by tritnrating CM 
grains of metallio araenie ; 14.82 graina <^ amtw 
cury ; 49 of iodine, with a fluidrachm of atUohai, 
until the mass has become dry, and firom beiof 
deep brown has become pale red. Eight o«M)et 
of diatilled water are poured on, and, after trita> 
ration for a few moments, the whole ia tOMuSm^ 
red to a flask ; half a drachm of hydriodie actA 
prepared by the acidification of two graiaa m 
iodme, is added, and the mixture is boiled for a 
few moments. When the solution is cold, makt 
the mixture up to f^viij with distilled watab 
This is called by Mr. Donovan, the propotsi^ 
Liquor Araen'iei et Hydrar' gyri lo'didi, aadk 
drachm of which by measure consists of water 
3J, arsenious acid gr. l-8th; peroxide of mercnrj 
gr. l-4th, iodine converted into hydriodie add 
gr. 3-4ths. In the last edition of the PA. U. & 
it is directed to be made of Araeniei Jodidnm and 
Hydrargy/ri lodidum ruhrum, each gr. xxxr; and 
Aqua deatillata Oss; dissolving by rubbings haai- 
ing to the boiling point, and filtering. 

The dose of Donovan*a Solution, is from 1l\^ 
to f 3^ two or three times a day. 

It has been used suooessfully in inreterata ea- 
taneous diseases. 

ARSEN'ICAL PASTE, (F.) Pdts AnhnmU. 
This application to cancers is formed of 70 parti 
of cinnabar, 22 of dragon' a blood, and 8 of arss- 
atoiM acid ; made into a paste with Baliva^ when 
about to be applied. 

ARSENICI lODIDUM, Arsenic, Iodide of— 
a. loduretum. Arsenic, Iodide of— a. TeriodiduBy 
Arsenic, iodide of. 

ARSENICISM'US, Intoxiea'tio Ar^eniea^iiK 
Poisoning by arsenic. 

ARSENICUM ALBUM; White Ar'aenie, Gm> 
ide of Ar'aenic, Ratabane, Araen'iei oj^ydmm •!- 
bum, Calx Araen'iei alba, Ac"idum Araenico^amm, 
A. Araenio'aum (Ph. U. S.), Araen'ioua cieid, Wkit$ 
oxide of araenie, (F.) Araenie blane. An add 
which is met with in commerce, in compact, whita^ 
heavy, fragile, masses; of a vitreous aspect> opake, 
and covered with a white dust ; of an acrid snd 
nauseous taste ; without smell when cold ; yo1»> 
tilizable by heat, and exhaling the odour of gar* 
lie : soluble in water, alcohol and oil ; erystalli> 
sable in regular octahedrons. It is this that k 
meant by the name arsenic, as commonly used. 

Arsex'icum Album Sublima'tum, Suhiiwiied 
Oxide of Araenie, is the one employed in medi- 
cine. It is tonic and escharotic, and is the mcMt 
virulent of mineral poisons. It is used in in- 
termittents, periodical headachs, neuroses, Ao, 
Dose, gr. one-tenth to one-eighth in pilL Sat 
Poisons, Table of, 

Arsenicum Iodatum, Arsenic, Iodide of —a. 
Rubrum Foctitium, Realgar. 

ARSENIS POTASSJS, Arsenite of protoxide 
of potassium — a. Potassao aquosus. Liquor arse* 
nicalis — a. Potassse liquidus. Liquor arseniealis. 

AR'SENITE, Ar'aenia, A salt, formed by a 
combination of the arsenious acid with a aaUfl- 
ablo base. 

Ar'senitb of Protox'idb of Potab'sifm, Pro* 
to-ar'aenite of Potaa'aium, Ar'aenite of PoteuatOf 
Ar'aenia Potaaaee. An unorystallizable and co- 
lourless salt, which forms the baais of the liquor 
arseniealis, which see. 
Arsenite of Quinia, Quiniss arsenis. 
ARSE-SMART, Persioaria— a. Biting, Poly- 
gonum hydropiper. 

ART, HEALING, Are Sanan'di, Mediei^mu 
The appropriate application of the precepts of 
the best physicians, and of the resulta of 
enoe to Uie treatment of disease. 




IxT, ymrmMntAMY, Veterinary art 

ARTABB, Qfrt^ff Name of a meajrare for 
krj Mbatances, in nse with the ancients, equal 
It times, to 5 modii: at others, to 3; and at 
others, ^ain, to 7. — Galen. 


These German waters have been much recom- 
nended in hysteria, gout, palsy, Ao. Their 
phyiieal or ehemieal properties hare not been 

ARTBMISTA, AnaetVrion. Called after a 
queen of the name, who first employed it; or 
from Afrtfuf, ' Diana ;' because it was formerly 
UMd in diseases of women, over whom she pre- 
sided. The Gauls called it Brtcumum, 

Abtkm rs'iA Abrot'ancii, Abrot^anum, Abrof- 
M«HM» Abrofanum Catktumf Abrot'anum mat, 
Ahnukim, Stmtk'emwood, Oldman, (F.) Aurone, 
Aurtme mdle, Aurone dea jardintf Oarderobe, 
Citrc»eUe. Supposed to be possessed of stimu- 
lant properties. 

Oil of Sautkemtoood, (yieum Abroeani, (F.) 
BuiU d'Auron«, posaesses the aromatic proper- 
ties of the plants 

ARTSins'iA ABStN'THimc, Abnn^thittm, Abain*- 
C&tm* vmlga'ri, Aptin'tkiumt Barm'eronf Com^ 
mom Wormieaod, ^F.) Absinthe. Properties: — 
tonie and anthelmintic. The Oit of Wormwood, 
(yUumAb»%>^'thu, (F.) ffuiU d^Abnnthe, contains 
the aromatio Tirtnes of the plant, 

AaTEMJHiA Apra, a South African species, is 
tonic, antiapasmodic and anthelmintio ; and has 
been used in debility of the stomach, visceral ob- 
ftmetions, jwondice and hypochondriaais. It is 
taken in infusion, decoction and tincture. A 
ftroog infnaion is used by the Cape Colonists as 
a eoUyrium in weakness of the eyes; and the 
poonded leaTcs and sticks are employed as dis- 
mtients in oedema and sugillations. 

Artrmisia Ai<ba, a. Santonica— a. Balsamita, 
A. Pontica. 

Artemuia Bien'ris, Biennial Wormwood; in- 

ARTRinaxA BoTBYS, Chenopodium ambrosi- 

Artrvis'ia Camprs'tris, Field Southernwood, 
(F.) Auron^ de* Ohampe. This possesses the 
nme properties as A. Abrot'anum, 

Artemisia Chenopodium, Chenopodinm bo- 

Artemikia CimiER'Bis, A, In*dica, A» Moxa. 
From this the Chinese form their mozas. 

Artemisia Coittra, A. Santonica. 

Artemiria DRAOtrN'cvLUS, Tarragon, (F.) 
Armoiee eeiragon. Virtues: — the same as the 

Artemis'ia Glacia'lis, Silky Wormwood/ 

Artemisia Indica, Artemisia Chinensis, A. 
Santonica ; 

Artemisia Leptophtlla, A. Pontica; 

Artemisia MARiyiMA, Abein'thium Mari'num 
leu Marifimmm, Sea Wormwood, Maritime South' 
eruwood / 

Artbmisia Moxa, A. Chinensis; 

Artemis'ia Pox'tica, A. Boma'na sen Tenui- 
fi/Ua sen BaUami'ta sen Leptophyl'la, Abnnthi- 
«s Pom,'ticum sea Boma'num, Boman Wormwood, 
LemtT Wormwood, possess like virtoes ; — as well 

Artemisia Roman a, A. Pontica; 

ARTEMistA Rubra, A. Santonica; and 

Artemis'ia Rupes'tris, Creeping Wormwood, 
Otn^ipi album, (F.) Armoiae blanc, Oinipi blane. 
This variety has aromatic virtues, and is nsed in 
ialermitients, and in amenorrhcea. 

Artemis'ia Samton'ioa, Santon'iowm, Aru- 

mitfia eofUra, Semen contra Vermee, Semen eon^ 
tra, S, Zedoa'riiB, Oanni Herba, Chatnacedrie, 
Ohamaeyparie^eue, Semen Cina, Hagioeper'mum, 
Sane'tum Semen, Abein'thium Santon'ieum, Se^ 
menti'na, Xantoli'na, Seheba Ar'abum, Artemiafia 
Juda'ica, Sina sen Oina Levan'tiea, Wormaeedf 
Tartarian Southernwood, (F.) Barbotine. Vir* 
tues : — anthelmintio and stimulant Dose, gr. z. 
to 3J in powder. 

Artemisia Tenititolia, A. Pontica. 

Artemis'ia Vuloa'ris, ArfemtVta r«6ra e( a/ftoy 
Oin'gulum Sancti Joan'nia, Mater Herba'rum, Be- 
renieeeum, Bubaatecor'dium, Canapa'cia, Mug- 
wort, (F.) Armoiee ordinaire. A, Commune, Herbe 
de Saint Jean, This, as well as some other 
varieties, possesses the general tonic virtues of 
the ArtemlsisB. Artemisia vulgaris has been 
highly extolled by the Germans in cases of epi- 
lepsy. Dose of the powder, in the 24 hours, from 

ABT^BE, Artery— <i. Brachial, Brachial ar- 
tery — a. Braehio-eiphalique, Innominata arteria 
— a. Bronchique, Bronchial artery — a. Ciliaire, 
Ciliary artery — a. Olitorienne : see Clitoris — a. 
OtBcale: see Colic arteries — a. Collatirale du 
eoude, Anastomoticus magnus ramus — ^a Collati" 
rale exteme, Arteria profunda humeri — a. Colla- 
tirale interne, Anastomoticus magnus ramus — a. 
Coronaire dee Uvree, Labial artery — a. Voronaire 
Stomachique, Coronary artery — a. Crurale, Crural 
artery — a. Deuxi^me dee thoraciquee, Arteria Uio- 
raoica externa inferior — a. Bpineuee, Meningeal 
artery, middle— a. /^(^fnoro-pop/tf^e, Ischiatic artery 
— a. Feeeiire, Gluteal artery — a. Oaetrique droite, 
petite, Pyloric artery — a. Gutturo-maxillaire, 
MaxiUary artery, internal — a. Honteuee exteme, 
Pudic, external, artery — a. Honteuee interne. Pa- 
die, internal, artery — a. Hum4rale profonde, Kr- 
teria profunda humeri — a. Iliaque primitive, Iliao 
artery — a. Innomin4e, Innominata arteria — a. 
Irienne, Ciliary artery — a. lechio-penienne : see 
Pudic, interns!, artery — a. Mfdiane antSrieure, 
Spinal artery, anterior — a. Midiane poat4rieur« 
du raehia. Spinal artery, posterior — a. Miningi^ 
mojfenne, Meningeal artery, middle — a. Menton* 
niire, Mental fbramen — a. Mesociphalique, Basi* 
lary artery — a. MSeocolique : see Colic artery^ 
a. MuecfUaire du brae, Arteria profunda humeri 
— a, Mueculaire du brae, grande : see Collateral 
arteries of the arm — a. Mueculaire grande de la 
euieee, Arteria profunda femoris — a. Opiethogae- 
trique, Coeiiao artery — a. Orbitaire, Ophthahnie 
artery — a. de VOvaire, Spermatic artery — a. 
Pelvi-crureUe, Crural artery — a. Pelvi-eruraU, 
niao artery — a. Pelvienne, Hypogastric artery— 
a. Premiere dee thoraciquee, Arteria iboracioa 
externa superior — o. Badio-carpienne traneverm 
eale palmaire, Radio-carpal artery — a. Scrotalo, 
Pudic, external, artery — a. Sous-elaviHre, Sub- 
clavian artery— a. Soue-pubio~/4morale, Obturator 
artery — a. &>u9'pubienne, Pudic, internid, artery 
— a. Soue-etemal, Mammary, internal — a. Sph£- 
no-ipineuae. Meningeal artery, middle — a. Stoma- 
gaatrique. Coronary artery — a. Sua-carpienne : 
see Sua-carpien — a. Sua-maxillaire, Alveolar 
artery — o. Sua-maxillaire, Buccal artery — a. 
Sua-mitataraienne, Metatarsal artery — a. Sua^ 
pubienne. Epigastric artery — a. Teatioulaire, 
Spermatic artery — a. Thoradque humirale. Acro- 
mial artery — a. Trachilocervical: see Cerebral 
arteries — o. Trochantirienne, Circumflex artery 
of the thigh— a. Troiailmc dee thor<uiiquea, Acro- 
mial artery — a. Tympaniqve, Auditory artery, 
external — a. Uviale: see Ciliary artery — a. VuU 
vaire, Pudic, external, artery. 

ARTERIA, Artery— a. Ad Cutem Abdominis^ 
see Ad Cutem abdominis^ (arteria>—a. Anoiiym% 




Innominata artery — a. ABpera, Trachea — a. Ce- 
rebralU, Carotid, internal — a. Cervicalis, Baailary 
artery — a. Coronaria dextra. Pyloric artery — a. 
Crassa, Aorta — a. Externa onbiti, Radial artery 
— a. DorsaUs metacarpi, Metacarpal artery — a. 
DursB matrifl media maxima. Meningeal artery, 
middle — a. Enoephalica, Carotid, internal — a. 
Gastrioa superior. Coronary artery — a. Ilio-colica : 
see Colic arteries — a. Iliaca interna, Hypogastric 
artery — a. Diaca posterior, Hypogastric artery — 
a. Magna, Aorta — a. Magna pollicis, Princeps 
pollicis — a. Malleolaris externa : see Tibial arte- 
ries — a. Malleolaris interna: see Tibial arteries — 
a. Mammaria externa. A* Thoraciea externa, in- 
ferior — a. Maxima, Aorta — a. Media anastomoti- 
oa : see Colic arteries — a. Meningaea media, Me- 
ningeal artery, middle — a. Muscularis fomoris, A. 
Profunda femoris — a. Pharyngea suprema. Ptery- 
goid artery — a. Profunda cerebri : see Cerebral 
arteries — a. Pudenda communis, Pudic, internal, 
artery — a. Pudica, Pudic, internal, artery — a. 
Ramulus ductus Pterygoidei, Pterygoid artery — 
a. Spbeno-spinoso, Meningeal artery, middle — a. 
Spinalis, A. Profunda humeri — a. Stemalis, Mam- 
mary, internal — a. Supra-orbitalis, Frontal ar- 
tery — a. Sylviana: see Cerebral arteries — a. 
' Thoraciea axillaris vcl alaris. Scapular artery, 
inferior — a Thoraciea humeralis, Acromial artery 
— a. Transversalis colli: see Cerebral arteries — 
a. Transversalis humeri, Scapular artery, superior 
— a. Ulnaris, Cubital artery — a. Uterina hypo- 
»Mtrica, Uterine artery — a Y asta posterior, A. 
Profunda femoris. 

ARTE'RIAC, Arteri'aeus, A medicintf pre- 
scribed in diseases of the windpipe. Also arte- 

ARTE'RLfi ADIPO'SiB. The arteries which 
secrete the fat about the kidneys are sometimes 
so called. They are ramifications of the capsular, 
diaphragmatic, renal, and spermatic arteries. 

Artbrije ApoPLECTic-fi, Carotids — a. Capitalos, 
Carotids — a. Ciliares, Ciliary arteries — a. Corporis 
callosi cerebri, Mesolobar arteries — a. Jugulares, 
Carotids — a. Lothargicee, Carotids — a. Mesolobi- 
esD, Mesolobar arteries — a. Prspparantes, Sper- 
matic arteries — a. Somniferso, Carotids — a. Sopo- 
rales, Carotids — a. Soporariss, Carotids — a. Ve- 
nosae, Pulmonary veins. 

ARTE'RIAL, Artert'ocw, Arierio'aut, Be- 
longing to arteries. 

Arterial Blood, (F.) Sang artfriel. Red 
blood is so called because contained in the arte- 
ries. The pulmonary veins, however, also con- 
fliin red blood: hence the name arterial vetn«, 
(F.) Veinea artSrielUg, applied to them. 

Arte'rial Duct, Cana'lU arterio'tut, Ductus 
arterio'9H9y D. Botal'lii, (F.) Canal artfriel, C. 
Pulmo-aortiquef is the portion of the pulmonary 
artery which terminates in the aorta in the foetus. 
When this duct is obliterated after birth, it is 
called Arte'rial Liff'ament, (F.) Ligament artSriel. 

Arterial System includes all the arteries, 
from their origin in the heart to their termina- 
tion in the organs. See Vascular System. 


ART£rIARCTIE„ from a^^ia, 'artery,' and 
arcfo, 'I straiten.' Contraction of an artery. 


ARTERIECTOP'IA, from apnjpia, 'artery,' 
and timnotf 'out of place. Dislocation of an 


ARTERIITIS, Arteritis. 


ARTERIOG'RAPHY, Arteriogra'phia: from 
afrrrjpta, * artery,' and ypa^ij, * a description.' A 
description of the arteries. 

ARTERIOLA. A small artery. 

ARTERIOL'OGY, Arterio^'iay f^om frw^tM^ 
'artery,' and Xoyof, 'a discourse.' A treatiae OK 
the arteries. 

ARTE'RIO-PITU'ITOUS. An epithet ap- 
plied to vessels which creep along the inteikr 
of the nostrils. — Ruysch. 


ARTERIOS'ITAS, itom Arteria, 'an artery/ 
A condition of the blood in which it preserves in 
the veins the arterial character. — The oppoiitt 
to Venositas. 

Arteriositas Sakouihis, Prssdominium m^ 
guinis arteriosL 

ARTERIOSTEIE, from e^pia, 'artery,' and 
oartovf 'a bone.' Ossification of an artery. «- 

ARTBRIOT'OMY, Arteriotom'ia, firom «fnMc«t 
' an artery,' and rc/ivw, ' I cut' This word nas 
been used for the dissection of arteries. Most 
commonly, however, it means a surgical opera- 
tion, which consists in opening an artery, to 
draw blood firom it Arteriotomy is chiefly used 
in inflammatory affections of the head, when tht 
blood is generally obtained from the temporal 
artery. See Blood-letting. 

ARTERI'TIS, Arterii'tia, Inflamma'tio ArU- 
ria'rwn, (F.) ArtSrite, Injlammatton det artireaj 
from afTtfotaf ' an artery, and iti$f a terminati<»i 
denoting inflammation. Inflammation of an ar- 
tery. Inflammation of the inner coat of in 
artery is termed Endo-arteri'tit, or End<mar- 
ieri'tit ; of the outer, Exo-arteri'tia or Exar^ 

AR'TERY, Arte'rioj (P.) Artire, from «^ 
' air,' and r^pciy, ' to preserve,' quaaif ' receptaoe 
of air,' because the ancients believed that it con- 
tained air. They, at first, gave the name Artcrv 
to the trachea, apnjpia rpaj^tta, because it is fiUd 
with air; and afterwards they used the same 
term for the arteries, properly so called, probably 
because they commonly found them empty in the 
dead body. We find, also, ^Xc/9cf to designate 
the arteries, called by the Latins Vcnct mteaa'let 
pultat'ile: Arteries, with the moderns, signify 
the order of vessels, which arise from the two 
ventricles of the heart, and have valves only at 
their origin. They are cylindrical, firm, and 
elastic canals ; of a yellowish white colour ; little 
dilatable; easily lacorable ; and formed, 1. Of an 
external, laminated or areolar membrane, of a 
dense and close character. 2. Of a middle coat 
composed of fibres, which does not, however, 
contract on the application of the galvanic stimu- 
lus ; and 3. Of an inner coat, which is thin, di»> 
phanous, reddish, and polished. 

The use of the arteries is to carry the blood 
from the heart to the various parts of the system. 
It will be obvious, however, that they cannot all 
convey arterial blood. The pulmonu^ artery, 
for example, is destined to convey the venoua 
blood to the lungs, there to be converted into 
arterial; whilst the pulmonary veins convej 
arterial blood back to the heart. 

table of thb 



All the other arteries take their rise from the 
Pulmonary Artery, or the Aorta : and the namee 
generally indicate the parts to which they are 

I. Arteria Pulkonalis. 

The Pulmonary Artery arises from the rifltA 
ventricle, and soon divides into a right and left 
branch, one of which is distribatod to eadi 




IL Abtkbta Aobta* 

Tht Aorta arifes from the left yentriole. It u 
^ eommon ^unk of the arteriee of the body, 
Hid maj be divided into fire portions. 

i. ArUrtM/mikiaked hy the Aorta at iu origin. 

1. A. Oudiaca or eoronaria anterior. 
S. A. Gardiaca or eoronaria posterior. 



LI m 





b. Arterifjumi^hed 6y the Aorta at itt arch. 

The arch of the Aorta gives off, to the left, tiro 
eonnderable tronhs — ^the Artorta earotidea pri- 
enCira, and A. mtbelama; and, to the right, a 
angle trunk, which is larger — ^the A. innominaia, 
0.' Brackio-^xphalica, which divides into the pri- 
mitioe eorofMl and tubclavtan, 

A. AtTcUA Cako- I Divides into A. Carotidea exter- 
tuBA ntiMiTivA. \ na, A. Carotidea Interna. 
' Famiabea, 1. A. T&yroiifta tmptrior. 

S. wf . Ungifiu, wiiicb givea off the A. dor- 
■alJa lioguB and A. sabUngualis. 
JL faewUM vel jS. MaxUUri* exUma, 
which fiirniihea the A. palatina infe- 
rior, the A. aubmentalit, atid A. eoro- 
naria mperior and inferior. 
Ji. 9€afUaii»i which gives off the A. 
maatotdea poiterior. 
3. amrten/am potUriar^ which givea 
off A. stylo-mastoidea. 
jff. pkmrfnftm i^f€rwr. 
Hw ex'temal carotid ultimately dividea into the 
taaiporaJ artery and internal maxillary. 

^ ^ Furnishes Jl. traiwv«r««li«/ad<<, A. uurieU' 

terif «iiC«rwr, and Jl. t0mp0raU» audia. 

Famishes 13 branches, viz. A, wimdngtm 
■•edj«, jff. dentariM htftriorf A, ttmportJU 
prpfunia pnUrigr^ A. msutttrhft A. 
pUTfgmiaA, A. Hcca&B, A. ttwiporaU* pr»- 
/mmim unierior, A. «/rMteri« ; A. mbirbi' 
t4in«, A. vidian^ Ai pttrfgopaUuina or 
ykMrjfngM Mnp e ri er^ A. pmuUina ntptriort 
and A. tphemep^iUina, 

^Fttrnishes, 1. A. epJUhaimieM^ which gives 
off A. lachrymalis, A. centralis retinae, A. 
eopraorbiiaria vel superciliaris, A.ciliares 
poateriores, A. clliares longie. A. museu- 
laria superior et inferior, A. ethinoidalis 
posterior et anterior, A. palpelxralis supe- 
rior et inferior, A. nasalise and A. ftonta- 
lis. 8. A. eommnstcaiM, ffillesii. 3. A' 
ehortitUa. 4. A. e»rebnli$ antarior. 5. A. 
ssrsftrslit sud!ia. 

^Famishes, 1. A. vrUkruUa, which gives off 
A. spinalis anterior et posterior, A. eere- 
bellosa inferior, and forms— by uniting it* 
self with that of the opposite side — the A. 
basilaris. divided into A. eerebellosa su- 
perior and A. oerebralis posterior. S. A. 
(Af rsidss ii^ferur, which gives off A. cer- 
viealis aaeeodens. 3. A. nummaria in- 
(«nui. which fives off the A. mediastina 
anterior and A. diaphragmatica superior. 
4. A- intgreoBtaU* mperior. 5. jf. urviaa- 
H» truiU9€r$a. 6. A. weapidarit titpericr. 
7. A, wrvieaiU po^trior vel priffvnda. 
Farther on, the subclavian artery conti- 
nues its progreas under the name A. o*U- 

^ Isrii. 
Furnishes, 1. A. acrvmialit. 2. A, thoraeies 
np^ritr. 8. A, tkaraeiea inf trior vel Imigs 
vel ■MmMsfts exUrma. 4. A. teopulario 
inferior vel eommunit. 5. A. eirtuo\/Uxm 
pooUrior. 6. A. etreunnfUxa anterior. Far- 
ther on, the axillary artery continues un- 
der the name A. troehiaUe. 

f Furnishes A. kawuroiis prtfundavel eoUate- 

\ rnHe ettorma. 9. A. eoltotermlie ifUema. 

1 It afterwards divides into the radteU and 

( euHtai arteries. 
Givea off A. reeurreiu nUmlie, A. ioreatio 
earpi^ A. dorealie nutacarpi, A. dorealis 
peUMM^ and terminates in fbrming the 
Areiupaimarie prefnniuM, 
Gives off df. roenrroma eiMtalia mmtariar and 
poeterier: A. iaisroftcs rnntfirior and j»«s- 
torior, which latter fUmishes A. reeurrena 
ra^HmHa poeteriar. It terminates in form- 
iag tiM auparJUiai palauir arch, which 
gives aSA. OotUUarmlaa digitantm. 





A. AxUr 

A' Bra- 



a. A. n- 
iaca in- 
terna. I 

e. Artariaa given off ky the Aorta in Us Thoram^ 

II. A. Bromckiea^ dextra et ataiatra. 
S. A. teaapkagma (to the number of four, 
five, or six.) 
3, A. nudiaatinm poateriorea. 
4. A. intereostales inferiorea vel aortiea 
(to the number of eight, ninCt or ten.) 

d. Arteriaa fumiahed by the Aorta in the Abdomen, 

xZ**? 5 !• The dff. diaphragmaUea vel pikreateo, 
»rs«caM< j^^^ ^ ainistra. 

nrt, I 

Which divides into three branches, 1. A. es- 

ronaria ventrieuH. 9. A. Hepatiea, which 

9. A. \ givesoff A. pylorica. A. gastro-epiploica 

Oaiiaea,} dextra and A. cystica ; and, lastly, the A, 

apleniea^ which gives off A. gastro>epiplo- 

( ica sinistra and Vasa brevia. 

3. A. I Which gives off at its concavity the A. ea- 

Meaen- j Uea dextra auperior, media it inferior, and 

f tries ) at its convex part flrom 15 to W Rami in* 

auperior { testinalea 

jj; T* { Which gives off A. eoliea auperior media, 
•meaen- i ^^^ inferiort and divides into A. hsmor* 

slV2SL f rhoidales superiorea. 
tnjenor. \ 

5. The A. Cepaularta madia (to the number of two 
on each side.) 

6. A. Renalea vel Emulganiaa. 

7. A. S^permatiea. 

8. A. Lumharea (to the number of four or five em 
each side.) 

e. Artertes reauUing from the Bifurcation of the 


The Aorta, a little above its BtAireation, gives off* 
the A. aeera madia, and dividea into A. il^ua pri» 

'^^I!!!f*i l>ivides into A. lUaae intame and A. Bieee 

'^ti •«*— • 

Furnishes, 1. A. iUo-lumbaria. fi. A. aaerm 
bUeralia. 3. A. flutaa vel iliaaa uaattr^r, 
4. A. umbiUeaha. 5. A. oeaicatta. 6. A, 
ebturatoria. 7. A, hmmorrkaidea media, 
8 A. uterine. 9. A. vaginatia. 10. A, 
iaekiatiee. 11. A. pudenda interna, which 

I gives off the A. kamorrhmdaUa inferiorea, 

I A^ ef the a^um, A. tranaveraa ^erinei, 

y A. eerporia eavemoai ,mudA. doraalupenia. 
h A II ( Furnishes, 1. A. epigaatriea. S. A. iHaea an- 
D. A. II- 1 f^f^ yg] cireumfiexa itii, and is continued 

\ afterwards under the name of Crural Ar- 

i teru, 

' Furnishes; 1. A. autautenea ahdamin^ia. S. 
A. pudenda aupetfcialia and pn^unda. 3. 
A. muaenlaria auparficialia. 4, A. muaeu- 
laria prtffunda, which gives off tlie A. cir- 
eumfiexa externa and interna, and the 
three Perforantes, distinguished into su> 
perior, middle, and inferior. Farther on, 
the crural artery continues under the 

. name A. PopliUBa. 
Furnishes. 1. A. Arlieularea tuperiorea, in- 
temoy media, et externa. 8. A. Oemetlm. 
3. A. Artieularea inferiorea, interna et ex- 
terna, 4. A. tibialia antiea, which, at the 
foot, takes the name, A. doraalia tarai, and 
gives off the tarsal and metatarsal arte- 
ries. In the leg, the popliteal artery di* 
vides into the peroneal and posterior 

^ tibial. 

1. A, Pe- \ Divides into A, peranea antiea and A. pera- 
rsacs. I ntepoetiea. 

'Divides into A. plantaria interna and A, 
plantaHe externa. The latter, by anasto- 
mosing with the A' doraalia tarai, forms 
the plantar arch, whence arise lUmi ««- 
periorea vel perforantaa poatiei, R. Inferi- 
orea paetiei et antiei, which give off Rami 
perforantes antici. 

Abtert, Akgular, Facial artery — a. Articu- 
lar, Circumflex artery — a. Brachiocephalic, Inno- 
minata arteria — a. Central of the retina, Central 
artery of the retina— a. Central of Zinn, Central 
artery of the retina — a. Cephalic, Carotid — a. 
Cerebral posterior, Vertebral— a. Cervico-scapn- 
lar, see Cervical arteries — a. Coronary of the lips. 
Labial artery— a. Crotaphite, Temporal artery— 
a. Fibnlar, Peroneal artery ^a* Gastric inferior. 

laca eX' 

A, Cru* 

A. Pop- 

2.A n 

Halia < 




Oftstro-epiploie artery — a. Qastro-hepatiey see 
Ga«tro-epiploic artery — a. Genital, Padio (inter- 
nal) artery — a. Gnttoral inferior, Thyroideal A. 
inferior — a. Guttural superior, Thyroideal A. su- 
perior — a. Humeral, Brachial artery — a. liiao 
E^sterior, Gluteal artery — a. Diaco-mnscular, 
eo-lumhar artery — a. Labial, Facial artery— a. 
Larynj^eal superior, Thyroideal artery, superior 
— a. Maxillary internal. Facial artery — a. Median 
of the sacrum, Sacral artery, anterior — a. Nasal, 
lateral, large, Spheno-palatine artery — a. Palato- 
labial, Faci^ artery — a. Pericephalic, Carotid 
(external) — a. Pharyngeal, superior, Pterygo- 
palaUne artery — a. Phrenic, Diaphragmatic ar- 
tery — a. Posterior of the brain, see Cerebral ar- 
teries — a. External scapular, Acromial artery — 
a. Spinal, Meningeal artery, middle — a. Subcla- 
Tian right, Innominata arteria — a. Sulraoapular, 
Scapular artery, inferior — a. Superficial of the 
abdomen. Ad cutem abdominis (arteria) — a. Sn- 
pramaxillary, Alveolar artery — a. Suprarenal, 
Capsular artery — a. Thoracic, internal. Mammary 
internal — a. Urethro-bulbar, Transverse perineal 
artery — a. V esico-prostatio, Vesical artery — a. 
Vidian, Pterygoid artery. 

ART£TIS'CUS; from artu9, 'a limb/ One 
who has lost a limb. 

ARTEURYSMA, Aneurism. 

ARTHAXI'TA, from a^ns, 'bread;' the (^c'- 
lamen or Sowbread. It was formerly made into 
ointment, Cnguen'tum Arthani'ttB, with many 
other substances, and was employed as a purga- 
tive, being rubbed on the abdomen. 

Arth^nita Cyclamen, Cyclamen. 

ARTilETICA, Teucrium chamsepitys. 

ARTURAGRA, Goutr-a. Anomala, Gout, an- 
omalous — a. Genuina, Gout, regular — a. Legiti- 
ma, Gout, regular — a. Nomialis, Gout, regular — 
a. Vera, Gout, regular. 

ARTHRALGIA, Arthrodynia, Gout See Lead 

ARTHRELCO'SIS, from a^pop, 'a joint,' and 
'sXcwffis, 'ulceration/ Ulceration of a joint 

ARTHREMBOLE'SIS, same etymon as the 
next The reduction of a fracture or luxation. 

ARTHREM'BOLUS, from a^pov, 'a joint,' 
cv, 4n,' and /JoAAw, * 1 cast' An ancient instru- 
ment used in the reduction of diplooations. 

ANTHRETICA, Toucrium chamsepitys. 

ARTHRIT'IC, Arthrit'icu; from ap&pew, 'a 
joint' (F.) Arthritiquef Goutteux, That which 
relates to gout or arthritis, as arthritie «ymp- 
foiN«, Ac. 


ARTHRITIF'UGUM ; from arthritit, 'gout,' 
and fugare, 'to drive away.' A remedy that 
drives away gout Heyden terms cold water, 
internally, the arihritifugum magnMfii, 

ARTHRITIS, Gout, Arthrophlogosis, Arthro- 
tla — a. Aberrans, Gout (wandering) — a. Acuta, 
Gout (regular) — a. Arthrodynia, Rheumatism, 
chronic — a. Asthenica, Gout (atonic)— a. Atonic, 
Gout (atonic) — a. Diaphragmatica, Angina Pec- 
toris — a. Erratica, Gout (wandering)— «. Hydrar- 
thros, Hydrarthrus — a. Inflammatoria, Gout (re- 

Silar) — a. Juvenilis, see Rheumatism, acute — a. 
axillaris. Siagonagra — a. Nodosa, Gout (with 
nodosities) — a. Planetica, Gout (wandering) — a. 
Podagra, Gout — a. Rheumatica, see Rheumatism, 
acute — a. Rhoumatismus, Rheumatism, acute — 
A. Retrograda, Gout (retrograde.) 

ARTHROC'ACE, from ap^^v, 'a joint,' and 
caxof, 'bad/ Disease of the joints; and espe- 
cially caries of the articular surlkoes. Spina 

Arthrocacb Coxarum, Coxarum morbus. 

ARTUROCACOLOG"IA, from aHhrwiaeia'- 
Moording to Bait^ a ohronio diieaM of the Jointa ; 

and Xoyof, ' a description/ The doetrine of cliii>« 
nic diseases of the joints. 

joint,' and M/wcvw/ia, 'cancer/ Canoer of fljfc 

joint,' ;^ov3(wf, 'a cartilage/ and itU^ dea oU^ 
inflammation. Inflammation of the iiiitllnfii 
and joints. 

ARTHRO'DIA, from «a5/>ev, 'a joint' ^ 
ticula'tio, A moveable joint, formed 1^ the 
of a bone applied to tiie surfiice of a diall0# 
socket, so that it can execute movementi in eirartr 
direction. Arthrt/dimm la 'a small joint .** diMt 
nutive of Arthrodia. *' 

ARTHRODYN'IA, ArtkronaVgioy Artkr^^ 
gia, from ap^pw, * articulation/ and •ivrt, 'jp^hk' 
Articular pain. Pain in the joints. See Ifhf 
matism, chronic. 

ARTHRonnriA Podaorica, Gout 

ARTHROL'OGY, Arthrofog"ia, from •f^fm, 
'a joint/ and Xoyv;, 'a description/ A deaenp* 
tion of the joints. The anatomy of the jointi. * 

ARTHROM'BOLB, from ap^, and BMtL 
'I cast' Coaptation, reduction. Bedoetaon ei 
a luxated or fractured bone. 

ARTHROMENINGITIS, Meningarthroonot. 

ARTHRON, ' a joint' The ancients used th« 
word Artkron, for the articulation of bonea with 
motion, in opposition to Sgmpkjf§u, or artienl^ 
tion without motion. 

ANTHRONALGIA, Arthrodynia. 

ARTHRON'CUS, Artkropk^ma; from cf3M 
'a joint,' and •yms, 'a swelling/ TumefaeDooi 
of a joint 


ARTHROPHLOGO'SIS,fromaf^», 'ajoiaV 
and ^Xc/w, 'I bum/ Artkri'tis, Ottartkn/na, 
Inflammation of the joints. 

see Adcnochondrius. 

ARTHROPYO'SIS, ^rrAroiieMjt>ye'st«, from. 
ap^povf ' a joint,' and nov, ' pus.' SuppuratioA 
or abscess of the joints. 


ARTHRO'SIA, from af^pM*, 'I artieolate.' 
ArtkritUy (of some.) Inflammation, mostiy con- 
fined to the joints ; severely painful ; occasionally 
extending to the surrounding muscles. A genua 
of diseases in the Nosology of Good, including 
AAeumaf i«m, OoMt, Ariieular injlawitnatiom, Joints 
ocA«, Ac 

Arthrosia Acuta, Rheumatism, aente — •» 
Chronica, Rheumatism, chronic — a. LnmbonuDif 
Lumbago — a. Podagra, Gout — a. Podagra eom- 
plicata, Gout (retrograde) — a. Podagra larvata. 
Gout f atonic) — a. Podagra regnlaris. Gout (ra- 

ARTHROSIS, Articulation. 

ARTHROSPON'GUS, from tf^pw, 'a joint,' 
and oToyyotf 'a sponge.' A white, fongons tn- 
mour of the joints. 

ARTHROTRAU'MA, fh>m ap^pov, 'a j<^l»' 
and rpavnUf 'a wound.' A wound of a joint 

AR'TIA. According to some, this word is sy- 
nonymous with aprifpia; others use it ^nony- 
mously with TVacaeo. 

AJRTWIfAUT, Cynara seolymna. 

ARTICHOKE, Cynara scolymua. 

ARTICLE, Articulation. 

ARTICOCALUS, Cynara soolymna. 

ARTICULAR, Articula'rtM: trom orfus, 'm 
joint;' artieulu9, 'a small joint' That which re- 
lates to the articulations; — as the artieuiar eqi- 
auletf Ac 

Articular Artebus of tarn AaM, Oireaift* 
flex arteriea of the arm. 






AKTicfvLAM Ab'tuubs ov thb Kkme ariM 
from th« popliteal airtery, and Borroiind the tibio- 
bmonX articulation. Although of a ■mall aixOy 
tbej are important, aa they famish blood to the 
lower extremity after the operation for popUteal 
aaeBrism. They are diatingoished into superior 
and imftrior. The 9uperior articular arterie9, 
ftpfiiual artienlar arterie»f are oommonly three 
a number ; one of which is iniemal, another ex- 
Urmal, and another middU, the aa'^gaua artic'- 
Wor. The flrsty Jiamtu anatiomot'icua wtagnut, 
aaasiomoeea by one branch with the external eir- 
camflex ; and by another with the external supe- 
ilor articnlnr. The teeond anastomoses with the 
sxtonal cireamflex, the superior internal arti- 
calar, and the inferior external articular; and 
the third is distributed within the Joint The in- 
firior articuiar arUriea are two in number : an 
imtenal and extemaL The former anastomoses 
with the intemnl snperior articular and the ex- 
ternal inferior articular. The latter anastomoses 
with the recurrent branch of the anterior tibial, 
sod the external superior articular. To each 
articalar artery there is an articular nerve* 

Annc'iri^R Facbttbb' are the contiguous 
sarfaces, by means of whieh the bones are arti- 

AancjTLAtt Pbocbssks, see Yertebras. 

Abtic'ular Vbotb of the knee follow the 
mme course ma the arteries. 

ABTICULATIO, Articulation— a. Artifioialis, 
Pseodarthroais — ^a. Notha, Pseudarthrosis. 

ABTICULA'TION, Joint, Artieula'tio, Ar- 
ikro^tUf A»eartkn/»i§, Artiefuluef Junetu'ra, ColOf 
Oonjune'tiof Nodue, Commieeu'rtu, Oompa'ffetf 
Sffdaxfie, ffar^mue, Vertie'ula, Vertie'ulut, Ver- 
tK'ii/iun, (F.) Articulation, Article, Same ety- 
mon. The anion of bones with each otheri as 
w«D as the kind of union. 


Articulntions are generally diyided into Diar- 
ikroeee or moTcable articulations, and Stfnar- 
Uroeea or immoTcable. 

1. Amphiartbrosis. 

3. Diarthrosit, orbicu- } Enaitbrosls. 

lar vafue. i Anhrodia. 

3. Alternative or Gingiymue* which 

admits of yarietiea. 

1. Suture. 

2. Harmony. 

3. Gomphoeis. 

4. Schindylesis. 

The articulations are subject to a number of 
leases, which are generally somewhat seyere. 
These may be physical, as wounds, sprains, luxa- 
tions, Ac ; or they may be organic, as ankylosis, 
extraneous bodies, caries, rheumatism, gout, hy- 
drsrthroses, arthropyosis, Ac 

ABncvi.ATiON means also the combination of 
Istien which constitute words. See Voice. 

Aancui^ATioir, False, Pecudarthro'eie, Artic'- 
ulwt /al*ue, (F.) A. fautee, A. accidcntelUSf A, 
CMUn nature. A, anormale, A/aUeJointf formed 
between firagments of bone, that hare remained 
munited ; or between a luxated bone and the 
•VTounding parts. 

iSlymus— a. de la Hanehe, Coxo-femoral articula- 

ges of the fingers — *. Digitorum pedis. Phalanges 
of the toes. 

ARTICULO MORTIS, see Psychorages— a. 
Spinalis, Semispinalis oollL 

ARTIFICIAL, Arti/iria'lU, (F.) Artxfiexel; 
from art, artie, 'art>' and/oeere, 'to make. That 
vhieh la formed by art. 

Abtvioial Eti8 are nsnally made of enamaly 
and represent a sort of hollow hemisphere, which 
is applied beneath the eyelids, when tiie eye is 

Abtificiai. Tbbth are made of ivory, poroe- 
lain, Ac. 

are preparations of anatomy, modelled in wax, 
plaster, paper, Ac. 

ARTISGOCGUS LiBVIS, Gynara soolymus. 

ARTIS'GUS, from afro;, 'bread.' See Tro- 
chiscus. A troch of the shape of a small loaH 
Also, and especially, a troch made of yipers. 

ARTOCAR'PUS. The Bread-fruit Tree, (P.) 
Jaquier, A Polynesian tree, so called because 
the fruit, which is milky, and juicy, supplies the 
plsce of bread to the inhabitants. It grows to 
the height of 40 feet. 

Abtocabpvs Ibtbgbitolia, Gaoutehouc 

ARTOG'REAS, from e^s, 'bread,' and nfofp 
'flesh.' A kind of nourishing food made of^ va- 
rious aliments boiled together. — Galen. 

ARTOG'ALA, from oprvc, 'bread,' and yoXs, 
' milk.' An alimentary preparation of bread and 
milk. A poultice 

ARTOM'ELI, from cipref, 'bread,' and ^iXi, 
'honey.' A cataplasm of bread and honey. ~- 

ARTUS, Membrum. 

ARTTMA, Aroma, Gondiment. 

ARUM, A. maculatum, and A. triphyllmn — n. 
Americanum betse foliis, Draeontium foetidnm. 

Aruk Drac17N'ct7LT78, Draeun'euluepolyphuV" 
lue, Colubri'na Draeon'tia, Erva de Sancta ATo* 
rta, Gig'arue eerpenta'ria. Arum polyphyl'lump 
Serpcnta'ria Oallo'rum, Family, Aroidees. Sex, 
Syet. Monoeoia Polyandria. The roots and leaves 
are very acrimonious. The plant resembles the 
A. maeula'tum in its properties. 

Arux Ebcvlbn'tuv, Cala'dium eeculen^tumf 
TarOf Ealo, The foliage and roots possess acrid 
qualities, which are dissipated by baking or boil- 
ing; in which form it is used as food by the 
people of Madeira, the Polynesians, Ac. 

Arux MACtiLA'tux, Aron, Arum (of the older 
writers). A, vulga'rl, Ouckow Pint, Barha Aari/'. 
nie, Serpcnta'ria minor, Zin'gihcr Oerman'icum. 
Sacerdo'tiepenie, Wake Rofnn, Prieefe pintle, (F.) 
Oouet, Pied de Veau. The fresh root is stimu- 
lant internally. Dose, ^j. of the dried root 
Externally, it is very aond. From the root of 
this Arum a starch is prepared, which is called 
Portland Itland Sago, Oer»a eerpenta'rut, CeTuaf" 
•a eerpenta'rim, Fee'ula art maeula^ti. 

Arum, Thrbb-Lbaved, Arum triphyllum. 

Arttv, TRlPHTL'LUif, Tkrec-leavtd arum, (F.) 
Pied de Veau triphylle, Indian Turnip, Dragon 
Root, Dragon Tnmip, Pepper Turnip. This 
. plant grows all over the United States, and is 
received into the Pharmacopoeia under the title 
Arum, The recent root, or Gormus — Arum, (Ph. 
U. S.) — is very acrimonious, and has been em- 
ployed in asthma, croup, and hooping-cough. 
Boiled in lard, it has been used in tinea capitis^ 
and in milk in consumption. 

Arum ViReiiriGcir, Peltandra Virginica — a. 
Yulgare, A. maculatum. 

ARUMARI, Garamata. 

ARUNDO BAMBOS, Bamboo — &. Brachil 
major, Ulna — a. Brachii minor, Radius — a. In- 
dica, Sagittarium alexipharmacnm — a. Ma^or, 
Tibia — a. Minor, Fibula — a. Sacoharifera, see 

ARVA, Ava. 

ARVUM, Vulvar— a. NatursB, Uterus. 

ARY-ARYTENOID^US, ArytenoidsBUS— ■.- 
Epiglottiens, Arytaino-epiglotticns. 

ARYTJB'NA^flfvnitya,' ft ladle.' Henoc^ 




epiglottida'M, Ary-e^^lot'tieiu, Thai wlueh be- 
longs to the arytenoid cfutUages and epiglottis. 
Winslow gireB this name to small, fleshy fiisci- 
oaliy which are attached, at one extremity, to the 
arytenoid cartilages, and, by the other, to the free 
e^ of the epiglottis. These fibres do not al- 
ways exist They form part of the arytenoid 
mnsde of modem anatomists. 

AR'TTENOID, Arytanol'dea, ArytenOda'ui, 
from aovratva, ' a ladle/ and uiot, 'shape.' Ladle- 

Arytenoid Car'tilaobs, Cfartilag^inet aryte- 
noi^dftf 0, guttura*U$, G, OuttuH'ntB, G, gutturi- 
for^met. C. triq^uetrm, OtMur^nia, are two earti- 
iSH^s of the larynx, situate posteriorly above the 
cricoid, which, by approximation, diminish the 
apertore of the glottis. Their npper extremi- 
ties or comna are tamed towards each other, 
and are now and then found loose, in the form of 
appendices, which are considered, by some, as 
distinct cartilages, and termed evnei/orm or fw- 
ierow/o/ed Cartila^t or (TomiVii/a Laryn*gU. 

Arttbnoid Glands, Oland'ula Arytenoid^^a, 
are small, glandular, whitish bodies, situate an- 
terior to the A. cartilages. They pour oat a mu- 
eous fluid to lubricate the larynx. 

ARYTENOID^'US, (F.) Arytenoidien. A 
■mall muscle, which passes fit>m one arytenoid 
cartilage to the other, by its contraction brings 
them together, and diminishes the aperture of 
the glottis. Winslow divided the muscle into 
three portions ; — the Arytenoidie'iu tranitver'auM, 
or Ary-arytenoida'M»f and two Aryttnotda'i 06- 

ARTTH'M, ArytVmu», tcom a, privative, and 
p9/iof, 'rhythm,' 'measure.' Irregular. This 
word is applied chiefly to the pulse. 

ASA, Asafoctida. See Assa. 

ASAFCE'TIDA, A»«n/ae'ftrfa, Anafefiday SUr- 
eiw diab'olif Cibtu Deo'runtf Awt, DtriVt dung, 
Food of the Gods, A gum-resin — the concrete 
juice of Fer'ula Anafoe'tidoy Narthex AMtaf<xf'. 
tida. Order, Umbelliferse. It is in small masses 
of a whitish, reddish, and violet hue, adhering 
together. Taste bitter and subacrid: smell in- 
supportably alliaceous. The Asiatics use it re- 
gularly as a condiment 

Its medical properties are antispasmodic, sti- 
mulant, and anthelmintic Dose, gr. v to xx, in 


AS'APES, ' crade,' A»ep'ton, A term applied 
to the sputa, or to other matters evacuated, which 
do not give signs of coction. 

ASAPH'ATUM, from a, privative, and ««^ik, 
' dear/ This term has been applied to collec- 
tions in the sebaceous follicles of the skin, which 
may be pressed out like little worms, with a black 
head. See Acne. 

ASAPHI'A, from a, privative, and oa^nst 
' dear.' Dytpho'nia immodula'ta palati'na, Pa~ 
rapho'nia guttura'lit; P. pedatVna. Defective 
articulation, dependent upon diseased palate. — 
Hippocrates, Vogel. 

ASARABACCA, Asaram — a. Broad-leaved, 
Asarum Ganadense. 

ASAR'GON, from a, privative, and vap^, 'flesh.' 
Devoid of flesh. Aristotle uses the term for the 
head when it is but little fleshy, compared with 
the chest and abdomen. 

ASARET, Asaram — a, du Canada, Asarom 

ASARFTES, from acapw, 'the asaram.' A 
diuretic wine, of which asarum was an ingredient 
-— Dioscorides. 

AS' ARUM, from a, privative, and oaipuv, 'to 
adom:' because not admitted into the ancient 

coronal wreaths ; jis'anna Europtt'umf A. lyfUi' 
na'li, NarduB Moniafnn, Nardut Biufiem, Aai* 
arum, (F.) AMartt oa Oaharelt, Oreille d^kommt, 
Oreilletie, Oxrard-Roueein, Nard Sawmge* Fam, 
AroidesB. Sex, SyeL Dodecaadria Uonogyniai 
The plaat» used in medicine, is the Aafamtm Mu» 
rop^um, Aearabae^ea, and of this the leavcBi 
They are emetie, eathartie, and errfainc, bat am 
hardly ever employed, exorat for the laat p n rpo a s^ 

AsARUV Oamaden'bI, a. Oaroliniafmm, On* 
nada Snakeroot, Wild Ginger, Oolfe Foot, Broa^ 
leaf Aearabacea, Indittn Oinger, Heoart 8 m mk e 
root, (F.) Aearet du Canada. The root At^armmm 
(Ph. U. S.) is used as a sabstitate for ginger, and 
is said to act as a warm stimulant and du^ 

Asarum CABOUHiAinnr, A. Canadenae— a. 
Boropsram, see Asaram — a. HypodstiSy Qytnm 
hypodstis — a. Officinale, see Asanun. 

ASBESTOS 80ALL, see Ecxema of the haiiy 

is a village, ritoate about a league ftiwi St Jeaa- 
de-LuB, hi France. The water is a cold dialy- 

ASOARDAMTO'TES, from c, privative, and 
nefiejnrrm, 'I twinkle Uie eyes.' One who atarea 
witn fixed eyes, without moving the ^yelida,— 

nia anthelmintiea. 

bricoides— <!. Vermieidaire, Ascaris vermieolaiii. 

AS'CARIS, pL ASGAR'IDES, from MMfi{i», 
' I leap.' A genus of intestinal worms, charac- 
terised by a long, cylindrical body, extennated 
at the extremitieB ; and having a month frunished 
with three tubercles, from which a very short 
tube is sometimes seen issuing. Formeriy, thera 
were reckoned two varieties of the Ascaris — the 
A^cari* lumhrietfi'dee, LnmbrCene, Z, teree kom'- 
ini», Scclex, Ae'carie gigae kom'inie, (¥,) Lombri' 
eoide, Atcaride lombricolde, Jjombnc, Z. Teret^ 
or long round worm ; and the Ae'earie Ferattea- 
la'rit — the Ascaris proper — the thread wcorm or 
maw worm. The former is alone included under 
the genus, at present — a new genus having been 
formed of the A, vermietUarie, under the name 
Oxyuris. It is the Oxyu'rie rermieula'rie, (F.) 
Aecaride, A, vermiculaire, Oinfure rermieuiaire, 

A new spedes of entosoa has been finmd hy 
Dr. Bdlingham, the Ae'carie ala'ta, 

Ascaris Alata, see Ascaris — a. Gigaa ho- 
minis, see Ascaris — a. Lumbricoides, see Asearit 
— a. Trichuria, Triohocephalus — a. Vennicnlaiii^ 
see Ascaris. 

AS'GELES, A^kelee, Carene eru'rihue, tnmm, 
privative, and oKtXof, 'a leg.' One who has no l^gi. 

ASGELLA, Axilla. 

ASOEN'DENS, from aeeendere, (ad and se»i- 
dere,) *U> ascend.' (F.) AtcendanL Parts am 
thus called, which are supposed to arise in a re- 
gion lower than that where they terminata. 
Thus, Aorta aaeendene is the aorta from its ori- 
gin to the arch : Vena cava aecendene, the large 
vein which carries the blood fit>m ^e inferior 
parts to the heart : Obliquue €ueenden» (wtuedef) 
the lesser oblique muscle of the abdomen, Ac 

ASCEN'SUS MORBL The period of increaM 
of a disease. 

ASGESIS, Exercise. 


ASGHISTODAOTTLUS, Syndae'tylue: from 
a, privative, cx*mf, ' cleft j;' and iamXett '* 
finger.' A monster whoee fingers are not sepa- 
rated from one another. — Gurlt 

AS'GIA, Axini, 'an axe,' Seepaf'nm, PoFahrom 
Fae'eia epira'lie. Name of a bandage BMBtkMd 




kj HipiMMratof a&d 0ilea, and ilgnred by Sool- 
tebu, in the shape of an axe or hatohet — Galen. 
See Dolaire. 

ASCnJiA, Axilla. 

ASCITES, firomoMOf, 'a bottle :'—A«ik»'le«, 
H$dro6tfti PerUonm'iy ffvdrop9 AbdamUwU, H, 
jHeiUt, Hydrogoi^ter, HydroperiUme'um, Hydro- 
ta^Ua, Hydr^tntMy At^'tea, OaUocVyti^f Dropty 
•^ Ae lower belly, Dropeyof lAe Peritonei wn, (F.) 
Alette, Hfdro-niritonie, nydropineduBtu-ifenire. 
A eoUeotioa of serona ilaid in the abdomen. As- 
otef piroper ia dropsy of the peritoneum ; uid is 
dwraeteriied by inoreased site of the abdomen, 
by flno^uUion and the general sisas of dropsy. 
It ^ rarely a primary disease ; out is always 
^aagerooB, and bat little susoeptible of eure. 
Most generally. It is owing to obstmoted oireu- 
Istion in some of the visoera, or to excitement of 
the resaela of the abdominal organs. The treat- 
ment is essentially the same as that of other drop- 
sies. Paiaoentesis, when had recourse to, can 
only be regarded as a palliative. 

Dropsy of ihe peritoneum may also be saooated 
or in eysts, aod occasionally the fluid accumulates 
eilvior to the peritoaenm, Hydrepigvuftrium, 
When in oyata it is termed wB'jrdrocjIw'eM, Hydropt 
ebdom'inie oacca'kUf J£. eytfiieut and Asci'tea 

Aacma Hxpato-Ctstxovb, Torgescentia resi- 
eala felles — lu Orarii, Hydrops ovarii — a. Pum- 
leoias, Pyoeoelia — a. Saccatns, see Ascites, Hy- 
tfraarion, and Hydrops ovarii. 

AfiCLBPI'ABiB, AMcUpiiadet; from AraXinnof, 
' Aenlapiaa.' The priettphyeieimu, who served 
ia the aaciant temples of ^ouliq>itts, and who 
loek th«r nsune from being his descendants. 

ASOLiP lADE, Asclepiaa vincetoxionm. 

ASCLEPIAS ALBA, A. vincetoxioum — a- 
Apoeynum, A. Syriaca. 

Abclx'pias Astbicat'iga, Oynan^dhumlwcaeti' 
tm'ioj (P.) Jpecuewinha hlane de File dejTranee. 
A creeping plant of the Isle of France, regarded 
as a speeifie in asthma. 

AMHiBPiAa Crispa, Gomphocarpns crispus. 

AtCLaPEAS Cubasbat'ioa, Bastard Ipecaevk- 
fldka. Redhead, Bloodioeed. The leaves are 
enctie in the dose of one or two scruples. It 
is the Ipeca^euanka Uane of St Domingo. 

AacLBPiAS DKCtTM'BSNs; the root. Escharotic, 
eitbartic, sadortfie, dinretlo. 

AscLBPiAS, Plbbh-coloubed, a. Incamata. 

AacLBPLas Qioabtb'a. The milky juice is 
very eaoatio. It is ased in Malabar against 
heipes; and, mixed with oil, in goat. See 

AscLB'piAa Ibcabba'ta, FleuK-eoUmrtd aeeU' 
fiat. The root of this plant, which grows in all 
parts of the United StiUes, bias the same virtues 
as A. Syriaca. 

AtCLEpiAE Obotata, A. Byriaca. 

AscLBPiAB Pboc^'bba ( 7 ) Betdelonar; Bei- 
deUar, An Egyptian plant, the leaves of which 
an made into a plaster, and applied to indolent 
tamoaia. The mUky juice is caustic, and is used 
as such. 

AicLEPiAs PsBUDOBABSA, Hemtdeanua In- 
4iaBs — a. Pubesoens, A. Syriaca. 

AacLBPiAS GmLkCA, A, pubea'eene, A» ajMo^y- 
■ass A. ohoma'ia sen <om«alo'«a, Gowmon Silk- 
wesd, MOk Weed, (F.) fferU d la hauette. The 
aortieal part of the root has been given, in pow- 
der, in asthmatic and pulmonic affections in ge- 
Beral, and, it is aaid, with success. 

AacLB'piAB SuLLiVAB'Tn, Smooth MiHweed, 
SUkwted: indiganooa, pos s e s s es the same virtues 
•a the next. 

AsoLBPiAB TojourroBA, A. Syriaca. 

Aiou'nai Tvbbbo'ba, Buturfiy Weed, PUtt- 

rity Boot, Fhx Boot, Wind Soot, WkUe Boot, 
Orange Swallow Boot, Silk Weed, Canada Boot, 
Orange Apoe"ynum, Tuberoue Booted Swal'lov 
WorL Nat. Ord, AsclepiadesB. Sex, Sytt, Pen- 
tandria Digynia. Said to have been first recom- 
mended by the Asdepiades. In Virginia and the 
Garolinas, the root of this plant has been long 
celebrated as a remedy in pneamonio affections. 
It is sudorific, and the powder acts as a mild 
purgative. Its chief powers are said to be expec- 
torant, diaphoretic, and febrifuge. It is occa- 
sionadly given to relieve pains of the stomach 
fr^m flatulency and indigestion. 

AscLEPiAS YiNCETOx'icuM, A, Albo, Oynan'^ 
ehum Vineetox'ieum, Vincetox'ieitm, F. OJieina'li, 
Hirundina'ria, Apoc'^ynum Ifoea An'glitB hirtu- 
turn, Ac, Swallow- Wort, White Swallow- Wort, 
(F.) AecUpiade, Bompte-venin, 

The root is said to be stimulant^ diuretic, aad 
emmenagogue, but is hardly ever used. 

ASGLEPIASMUS, Hsmorrhois. 

ASCLITES, Ascites. 

ASGO'MA, from aoKot, 'abottie.' The emi- 
nence of the pubes at the period of puberty ia 
females. — Rufus of Ephesus. 

ASE, Anxiety. 

ASELLI, Onisci aselU. 

ASELLUS, Oniscus. 

ASE'MA CRISIS, xpieis aeni^a, from a, priva- 
tive, and ai7/ta, 'a sign.' A crisis occurring unex- 
pectedly an dwithout the ordinary precursory signs. 

ASEPTON, Asapes. 

ASH, BITTER, Quassia — a. Blue, Fraxinus 
quadrangulata — a. Mountain, Sorbus acuparia 
— a. Prickly, Aralia spinoss, Xanthoxylum clava 
Herculis — a. Prickly, shrubby, Xanthoxylum 
fraxineum — a. Stinking, Petela trifoliata — a. 
Tree, Fraxinus excelsior — a. White, Fraxinus 

ASIT''IA, from «, privative, and eirot, ' food.' 
Abstinence from food. Want of appetite, — Fae^ 
tid'ium eibo'rum, Apoelei'aie, 

ASIUS LAPIS, Assius Lapis. 

ASJAGAN, Atfjogam, An Indian tree, the 
Juice of whose leaves, mixed with powdered 
cumin seeds, is employed in India in colic. 

ASJOQAM, A^agan. 

ASKELES, Asceles. 

ASEITES, Ascites. 

ASO'DES, Aeeo'dee, from aen, 'disgust,' 'sati- 
ety.' A fever accompanied with anxiety and 
nausea; Fe'hrie aso'dee vel a»o'de»» 

ASPALASO'MUS, from«^aAa^, 'a mole,' aad 
tfw^a, 'body.' A genus of monsters in which 
there is imperfect development of the eyes.— 
I. G. St. Hilaire. Also, a malformation, in which 
the fissure and eventration extend chiefly up<m 
the lower part of the abdomen ; the urinary i^ 
paratus, genitals and rectum opening externally 
by i^ae^ distinct orifices. — ^Vogel. 

ASPALTUH, Asphaltum. 

ASPARAGINE, see Asparagus. 

ASPAR'AGUS, Aepar^ague officina'lie. Com- 
mon Aeparagve, SpaPague, Sper^agut, Sparrow 
Orau, Grow, Nat, Ord, AsphodelesB. /Smc. Syet, 
Hexandria Monogynia. Atpar'agi offieina'lie !rii- 
rio'ttee, (F.) Aeperg^, The fresh roots are diu- 
retic, perhaps owing to the immediate crystal- 
Usable principle, Aeparagine* The young shoots 
are a well known and esteemed vegetable diet. 
They communicate a peculiar odour to the urine. 
A syrup made of tiie young shoots and an extract 
of the roots has been Recommended as a sedative 
in heart affections. 

ASPA'SIA. A ball of wood soaked in an in- 
fusion of galls, and used by females for oonstring- 
ing the vagina. 

ASPEN, AMERICAN, Populus tfamuloidif 
— a. European, Populus tremnla. 





ASPEROE, Asparagus. 



ASPER'ITY, Aaper'itatf roughness. Asperi- 
ties are ineqn^ities on the snrfaees of bones, 
which often serye for the insertion of fibroos 

ASPERMATIA, Aspermatismns. 

ASPERMATIS'MUS, Atper^mia, A»perma'Ha, 
firom a, privative, and ^irepfia, 'sperm.' Reflox 
of sperm from the urethra into the bladder, dur- 
ing the venereal orgasm. 

ASPERMIA, Aspermatismns. 

ASPERSIO, Catapasma, Fomentation. 

ASPBR'SION, Atper'no, from atpergere {ad 
and •pargere,) *to sprinkle,' (P.) Arrotemtnt. 
Act of sprinkling or pouring a liquid guttatim 
over a wound, ulcer, Ac. 

ASPERULA, Qalium aparine. 

Asper'ula Odora'ta, Ga'lium odora'tufHf Ma- 
triwyVvaf Hepat'iea ttella'tai (F.) Atpirule odo- 
fnnte ou Muguet det boit, Hfpatique itoiUe, Fam, 
Rnbiaceas. Stx. Sy»t. Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Sweet-9eented Wood-roof. Said to be diuretic, 
deobstruent, tonic, and vulnerary. 

ASPiRULE ODORANTEy Aspemla odo- 

ASPHALTI'TES, NephH'tet, Nephri'tis, Pri- 
ma Vertebra lumba'riay same etymon as asphal- 
tnm. A name given by some to the last lumbar 
Tertebra. — Gurrteus . 

ASPUAL'TUM, Nep'ta, AreaVto; AtphaVtum, 
from av^akit^tivt 'to strengthen.' With the Greeks, 
this word signified any kind of bitumen. It is 
now restricted chiefly to the Bitu'me!! of Ju- 
9^'a, B. Juda'ienmy A. eol'tduntj Jews' Pitchy Ka- 
rabi of Sodom, (F.) Attphalte. It is solid, friable, 
Titreous, black, shining, inflammable, and of a 
fetid smell. An oil is obtained from it by distil- 
lation. It enters into the composition of certain 
ointments and plasters. 

It is collected on the surface of the water of 
the Dead Sea or Lake Asphaltites, in Judsea. 

ASPHARINE, Galium aparine. 

ASPHOD'ELUS, A. Ramo'eue, A. Albut, A, Ma- 
rie, Hae'tula Regis, (F.) Lie aephodile. The bulbs 
of this southern European plant have an acrimony 
which they lose in boiling water. They contain 
a fecula with which bread has been made, and 
have been considered diuretic. They have been 
used as a succedaneum for the squill. 

ASPHYX'IA, from a, priv,, and v^v^n, 'pulse,* 
Jhfec'tae PuMe, AcrottVmiM, Sidera'tio, Sjfdera'- 
tio. For a long time, Asphyxia was confined to 
the sense of ' suspension of circulation or Syn- 
cope.' It now generally means ewtpended ant- 
wuuion, produced by the nonconversion of the 
Tonous blood of the lungs into arterial Ap- 
not' a, Apnefu'tia, Apnaaephyx^ia, Anhamato'- 
«ta, Ee'lyeie pneumo-cardi'aca. Owing to the 
lupply of air being cut off, the unchanged venous 
blood of the pulmonary artery passes into the 
minute radicles of the pulmonary veins, but their 
peculiar excitability requiring arterial blood to 
excite them, stagnation takes place in the pul- 
snonary radicles, and death occurs chiefly from 
this cause, — not owing to venous blood being 
distributed through the system, and ' poisoning 
it, as was the idea of Bichat Game aephyxfia, 
More appa'rene. More putati'va, Peeudotnan' atoe, 
Apparent death, (F.) Mort apparente, is charac- 
terised by suspension of respiration, of the cere- 
bral functions, Ac. Several varieties of Asphyxia 
have been designated. 

1. AsPHTx'iA OP THB Nsw-Boiur, A. neonato^' 
This is <rffc«i dependent vpon the ibeble 

oonditlon of the infant, not permitting rapinlioa 
to be established. 

2. Aspht'ia bt Noxious Inhala'tioh or in- 
halation of gases, some of which cause deadi l^ 
producing a spasmodic closure of the glottis: 
others by the want of oxygen, and others ut 
positively deleterious or poisonous. 

3. AspHYx'iA BT Strakoula'tioit or Suffottff" 
tian; produced by mechanical impediment to 
respiration, as in strangulation. 

4. AspHYx'iA BT ScBMBR'sioir, A. hw drow%- 
ing, A, Immereo' ruwuj as occurs in the drowned^ 
who perish in consequence of the medinm in 
which they are plunged, being unfit for respLn- 
tion. See Submersion. 

Mr. Chevalier has used the term Asp&vx'ia 
Idiopath'tea, for fatal syncope owing to relai*- 
tion of the heart. See Suffocation. 

AsPBTx'iA Immbrsorum, A. by snbmenLon— 
a. Local : — see Gangrene — a. Neonatorum, A. of 
the new-born — a. Pestilenta: — see Cholera — %, 
Pestilential : — see Cholera. 

ASPHYX'IAL. Relating to asphyxiar-«s'<w. 
pikyxial phenomena.' 

a. Lente dee nouveau-nfe, Induration of the eel- 
lular tissue. 

ASPHYX'IED, Asphyxiated, same etymoB. 
In a state of asphyxia. 

ASP 10, Aspis ; also, Larendula. 

ASPIDISCOS, Sphincter ani extemns. 

African fern, NaU Ord, Filices, which is pos- 
sessed of anthelmintic properties. Its candez, ia 
the form of powder, infusion, or eleetoazy, has 
been found excellent in helminthiasis, and spe- 
cially in tapeworm. 

AspiDiuM CoRiACEUM, CalagualsB radix — m, 
Depastum, Polypodium filix mas — a. Discolor, see 
Calagualao radix — a. Erosum, Polypodium filiz 
mas — a. Filix foemina, Asplenium filix foemini^- 
a. Ferrugineum, see CalagualsB radix — a. Filiz 
mas, Polypodium filix mas. 

ASPIRATIO, Inspiration. 

ASPIRA'TION, Adepira'tio, Asptra'tio, tttm 
aspirare (ad and spirare) 'to breathe.' The 
French sometimes use the term synonymously 
with inspiration. It also means the act of at- 
tracting or, sucking like a pump. ImbibitioB. 
Also, tiie pronunciation of a vowel with a fidl 

ASPIS, aerif, A name given by the ancients 
to a venomous serpent — the ^Egyptian viper of 
Lac6p^de, (F.) Aspic. Its bite is very dangeroos, 
and it is supposed to have been the reptile whidi 
Cleopatra used for her destruction. 

ASPLE'NIUM, ftt>m a, priv., and nk^, <the 
spleen.' Spleenwort, Miltteaete. 

Asplenium Aureum, A. ceterach. 

Asplb'nium Cbt'erach, a. aN'reiMft sen lafi- 
fo'lium, Ogmnogram'mi ceterach, DoradiVlm, 
Blechnum squamo'sttm, Scolopen'drieif Athyr'inmf 
Cet'erach offieina'rum sen eanarxen*eie, Orammff" 
tes cet'erach seu an'rea, Qynop'teris ceterach. Fit- 
ta'ria ceterach, (F.) DoradilU. Supposed to be 
subastringent and mucilaginous, and has been 
recommended as a pectonL It has also been 
given in calculous cases. 

AsPLB'muM Filix F<E'imrA, Poiypo*dium/Uix 
/amina, P. moUe sen denta'tum seu tnei'raiii sea 
trif'idnm, Aspidium filix foemina, AtkMt'iumfUm 
feemina sen molU seu ova'tnm sen tri/'idmrn, Ple- 
ris paliu'tris. Female fern, Spleenwort, (F.) JW- 
g^re femelle. The root of wis plant resembles 
that of the male fern, and is said to possess dmi- 
lar anthelmintic virtnes. The name f&mahjwm 
is also giren to Ptmit aqmUmtu 




AsPLSunnf Latipolium, A. eetersoli — ■. Ha- 
xde, A. rate — a. Obtusnm, A. mta monuia. 

AspLx'jfiux RuTA Mura'bia, a. mura'li sen 
•ilw'Mniy Paromyehfi^i PkyUVtit ruta mura'ria, 
SeoltnMu'driwn mto mura'rifi, Wallrue, White 
Maidemkair, Tentwori, Adian'tum album, Buta 
wutra'ritt. Salvia Vita, (F.) Bue tie* muraUUtf 
Samee-vU, Used in the sune cases as the last 

Aspus'inxnr Scolopbn'drxum, Seolopendrium 
fgtcima'rum sen linoua seu phylli'tit sea vulga'- 
H, Seoleptn'draf oetUopen'dria, Har^t Tongue, 
Spleeuwart, PkyUVtie, lAngua eervi'na Bleehnum 
/i^ai/o'/tMat, (F.) Scoiopendre, Langue de cerf, 
P^perties like the but. 

AspLB'Niuir TrichovanoI'des, An Trichom'- 
mea, PkyUi'tis rotundi/o'lia, CkilypkyVlum, 7W- 
dUi«'<Me«, 7*. erena'to, Adian*ium ruhruvny Com- 
wum Maidenkair, Polyfriehum eommu'nef (F.) 
Polyirie.. Properties like the last. 

ASPREDO, Trachoma— a. Biiliaeea^ Miliaiy 

ASPBELE, Hippnris mlgaris. 

A8SAC0U, Hnra Brasiliensis. 

ASSA DOUX, Benjamin— a. Doleis, Bexga- 
ain — a. Odorata, Benjamin. 

AS8ABA. A Guinea shrab, whose leaves are 
eoDiidered capable of dispersing buboes. 


A8SAF(BTIDA, Asafoetida. 

A8SAIBRET. A compound of bitter, stoma- 
ehiCy and purgative medicines in the form of pilL 
— Aneenna. 


A88AKUR, Saeehanim. 

ASSALAy see Mjrristiea mosehata. 

A8SARTHR08I8, Articulation. 

ASSA'TIO, Opte^tie The boiling of food or 
medicines in their own juice, without the addi- 
lion of any liquid. Various kinds of cooking by 
Beat.— Oalen. 

A88BLLA, Axflla. 

AB'SERAC, Aeeit, A preparation of opium 
or of some narcotic, used by the Turks as an ex- 


ASSER VA TION, Conservation. 

ASSES' HILK, see Milk, asses. 

AssKt' Milk, Artipicial, see Milk, asses. 

AS'SIDENS, from ad, <to,' and tedere, 'to be 
scaled.' That which accompanies or is ooncomi- 
ttnt Ad epithet applied to the accessory symp- 
toms, AnicUm'tia ngna, and general phenomena 
<rf disease. 

ASSII)E17TIA 6IGNA, see Assidens. 

ASSIMILA'TION, Aanmila'Ho, SimiWtio, 
Appropria' tio, Exomoio'tit, Bomoio'au, Tkrepnt, 
nrep^tid : from atuimilare, {ad, and Hmilare,) 
'to render similar.' The act by which living 
bodies appropriate and transform into their own 
sabetanee matters with which they may be placed 
in contact 

ASSIS, Asserae. 

AS'SIUS LAPIS, A'nH9 Lapie. A sort of 
sttme or earth found near the town of Assa in 
the Troad, which had the property of destroying 
proud flesh. 

ASS0DE8, Asodes. 


A8S0UR0N, see Myrtns Pimenta. 

A8SUBTUD0, Habit 

A86ULA, Splint 

ASSULTU8, Attack. 

A88UMPTI0, Prehension. 

Caocronim chelss. 


ASTAKILL08, Aranenm ulcus. 

ABTAEZOF. An ointment^ composed of li- 

tharge, frog's spawn, Ae. Also, camphor, dlfl« 
solved in rose water. — Paracelsus. 

ASTASIA, Dysphoria. 

ASTER ATTICU8, Bubonium. 

AsTBB CoBDiPOLiVB, Heort-Uaved Arter, A. 
Puniceus, Bougk-etemmed Atter, and other indi- 
genous species, Order Compositee, possess aro- 
matic properties. 

AsTEB Dtsevtericub, Inula dysenterica — a. 
Heart-leaved, A. cordifolius — a. Helenium, Inula 
Helenium — a. Inguinalis, Erynginm oampestra 
— a. Officinalis, Inula helenium. 

AsTBB, Rougr-Stbmmbd, a. Punleeus — a. 
Undulatus, Inula dysenterica. 

ASTE'RIA GEMMA, Aete'riiu, AMtroi'tee, As'. 
trioe, Aetroi/oltu. The ancients attributed ima- 
ginary virtues to this stone, — that of dispersing 
Ifavi Matemi, for example. 

ASTERIAS LUTEA, QenUana lutea. 


ASTHENES, Infirm. 

ASTHENI'A, Vie imminu'ta, from «, priv., 
and v&tros, 'force,' 'strength.' Want of strength, 
debility. (F.) Affaihlieeement. Infirmity. A 
word used in this sense by Oalen, and employed, 
especially by Brown, to designate debility of the 
whole economy, or diminution of the vital forces. 
He distinguished it into direct and indirect : the 
former proceeding from diminution of stimuli; 
the latter from exhaustion of incitability by the 
abuse of stimuli. 

Asthenia DBGLUTirioias, PharyngoplegpA — ^ 
Pectoralis, Angina Pectoris. 

ASTHENICOPYRA, Fever, adynamic. 

ASTHBNICOPYRETUS, Fever, adynamic 

ASTHENOPIA, VebiVitae vieiie, (F.) A/at- 
hlieeement de la Vue, from a, Pfi^M v9nt, 
'strength,' and u%p, 'the eye.' Weakness oi 
sight ; Weak-ngktedne§9, 

ASTHENOPYRA, Fever, adynamic. Typhus. 

ASTHENOPYRETUS, Fever, adynamic. 

ASTHMA, from aoBf»a, 'laborious breathing;* 
from Ml, 'I respire.' A. epae'ticum aduUo^rum, 
A. Senio'rum, A. Convulei'man, A, epas'tieum ia- 
termit'tene, J)y9pna'a et orthopna'a convulei'va, 
Malum Cadu'eum pulmo'num, Broken-windedneeef 
Nervoue aethma, (P,) Aethme, A. nervetuc. Diffi- 
culty of breathing, recurring at intervals, accom- 
panied with a wheezing sound and sense of con- 
striction in the chest ; cough and expectoration. 

Astlima is a chronic disease, and not curable 
with facility. Excitant and narcotic antispas- 
modics are required. 

There are no patiiognomonic physical signs of 
ssthma. In some cases, the respiration is uni- 
versally puerile during the attack. In the spas- 
modic form, the respiratory murmur is very feeble 
or absent during the fit ; and in all forms percus- 
sion elicits a clear pulmonary sound. The disease 
generally consists in some source of irritation, and 
occasionally, perhaps, in paralysis of the pnen- 
mogastric nerves, Bronckoparaly'eie, Paraly'eie 
nervi vagi in parte tkora^'iea, more frequently 
of the former — all the phenomena indicating 
constricUon of the smaller bronchial ramifica- 
tions. The treatment is one that relieves spas- 
modic action — narcotics, counter-irritants, change 
of air, Ac. 

Asthma Acv'tttx, of Millar, A. epae'tieum in- 
/an' turn, Oynan'ehi Traekea'lie apaemod'ica, (F.) 
Aethme aigu. Probably, spasmodic croup. (?) 
See Asthma Thymicum. 

Asthma Abbium, Pneumothorax — a. Alirium 
ab Emphysemate Pulmonum, Emphysema of the 
Lungs — a. Arthriticum, Angina Pectoris. 

Asthma, Cardiac. Dyspnoea dependent upon 
disease of the heart 




Asthma CoHYrLSiTUM, Angina pectoris — a. 
Diaphragmaticum, Angina Pectoris — a. Dolori- 
ficum, Angina pectoris — a. Emphysematicom, 

A8TUMA, Grinders^ Grindtrt^ RoU The ag- 
gregate of functional phenomena, induced by the 
inhalation of particles thrown off during the 
operation of grinding metallic instruments, Ac 
The structural changes induced are enlargement 
of the bronchial tubes, expansion of the pulmo- 
nary tissue, and phthisis. 

AsTUMA Gypsel'M, A. pulverulentum — a. Hay, 
Fever, hay. 

AsTHSf A Hr'jiiDFM, Iluinidf Common, or Spit- 
ting anthma, is when the disease is accompanied 
with expectoration. It is also called A. humo- 
ra'lif A. jintuUn'tumj A. pneumon' icunif Blvnno- 
tho'rax chron' icu», Ac. 

Asthma Infantum, Cynanche tracbealis — a. 
Infantum Spasmodicum, A. Thymicum — a. Eop- 
pian, A. Thymicum — a. Laryngeum Infantum, 
A. Thymicum — a. Montanum, A. pulverulentum 
— a. iS^ervous, Asthma — a. Noctumum, Incubus. 

Asthma Pi'lverulen'tl'm, A. gyp'teum, A. 
monta'num. The variety of asthma to which 
millers, bakers, grinders and others are subject. 

Asthma Siocum, so called when the paroxysm 
is sudden, violent, and of short duration ; cough 
alight, and expectoration scanty; spasmodic con- 

Asthma Spastico-Artbriticum Inconstaxs, 
Angina pectoris — a. Spasticum Infantum, A. 

Asthma Thy'micum, A. T, Kop'pii, A. spos'ti- 
eum in/an'tunif A. in/an'tum tpatmo'dicumf Thy- 
matth'ma, Cynan'chi trachea'U* tpatmod' ica, 
Spatuiug glot'tidhf Atthma laryngc'um in/an'- 
turn, A. intermit' tent ii\fan'tufn, A, Dentien'tium, 
A. period' icuni ncu'tum, Koppian Authma, Thymic 
Aitthnnif Laryngin'muH ttria'ulutf Iraryngo-spaM- 
muHf Aptm'a iu/ati'tum, Sp<um of tnt larynx, 
SpaniH of the tjlottis. Croup-like inspiration oj in- 
fants, Chifd-crotcing, Spasmodic croup^ Pseudo- 
eroup, Spu'n'uus croup, Ctr'ehral croup. Suffocat- 
ing nervous catarrh, (F.) Laryngite siriduleuse. 
Faux Croup, Pseudo-croup nerceux, Spasme de la 
Qlottv et du Thorax. A disease of infants, cha- 
racterized by su-iipension of respiration at inter- 
vals ; great difficulty of breathing, especially on 
waking, swallowing, or crying ; ending often in a 
fit of suffocation, with convulsions. The patho- 
logy of the disease has been supposed to consist 
in un enlargement of the thymus gland, or of 
the glands of the neck pressing on the pneumo- 
gastric nerves. (?) The ear, on auscultation, at a 
dit*t4inco frum the chc^<t, detects an incomplete, 
acute, hissing inspiration, or rather cry ; whilst 
the expiration and voice are croupal, both at tlie 
accession and termination of the paroxysm. The 
heart's action has been observed to be distinct 
and feeble. 

These symptoms are often accompanied by ri- 
gidity of the fingers and toes ; the thumb being 
frequently drawn forcibly into the palm of the 
clenched hand, whence the name Carpo-pedal 
9pnsm, applied, at times, to the disease. 

Asthma Typicum. Asthma characterized by 

Asthma Uteri, Hysteria — a. Weed, Lobelia 

ASTHMAT'IC, Asthmat'ieus, Pnoocolyt^icus, 
Affected with asthma. Relating to asthma. 

ASTHME AJOU, Asthma acutum— a. Ner~ 
9tHx., Asthma. 

AS'TOMUS, from a, privative, and vrona, 'a 
mouth.' One without a moutii. Pliny speaks 
of a people in India without mouths, who live 
Qnh€lat%t et odore I 


gains exscapas. 

ASTRAG'ALUS, To/us, the AnhU, Qma'trio, 
Quar'tio, Quater'nio, Diab'tba, Peta, CbnVnli^ 
Cavil'la, Tetro'ros, As'trian, 0» Bailiff ^, firOB 
affTpayaXof, * a die,' which it has been conaidertd 
to resemble. {?) A short bone situate at ih« n- 
perior and middle part of the tarsus, where it if 
articulated with the tibia. It is the ankle ftoas^ 
sling bone, or fret bone of the foot. The anterior 
surface is convex, and has a well-marked promi- 
nence, supported by a kind of neck, and henet 
has been called the head of the astragaiw. The 
astragalus is developed by two points of ossifie*- 

Astrag'alus Exs'capub, AstragalcUfdn 9^ 
philit'iea, Stemle^s MiU-tfetch, (F.) Astragah i 
gousses velus. Hat. Ord, Leguminosas. Sex, 
Syst. Diadelphia Decandria. The root is laid to 
have cured confirmed syphilis. 

Artrag'alus Tbaoacakthfs, see Tragaeanfli. 

AsTRAG'ALrs Yerus, Spina Aim', Aetrag^alm 
aculea'tus, Goafe thorn, Milk-wteh, The plant 
which affords Gum Trag'acantJL. Bee Tragft- 

ASTRANTIA, Imperatoria^-a. Diapensi% Sa- 

AS'TRAPE, Conuea'tio, Fvlgwr, JUsm% 
Lightning, Galen reckons it amongst (he re- 
mote causes of epilepsy. 

ASTRIC'TION, Astri<^tio, Stypsie, Adtrieftio, 
Const ric'tio, from astrtngere, {ad and etring^n,) 
<to constringe.' Action of an astringent mb- 
stance on the animal economy. 

ASTRIGTORIA, Astringents. 

ASTRINGENT ROOT, Comptonia asplcai. 

ASTRINGENTS, AHringen'tia, Adsfn'cCo'f^ 
Adstringen'tia, Strypkna, CatastaVtiea, Consirit^ 
gen'tia, Contrahen'tia, Stegno'tiea, SyneritfieOf 
Astricto'ria, Same etymon. Medicines whid 
have the property of constringing the organ&o 
textures. External astringents are called ^fp- 

The following are the chief astringents : Ad- 
dum Sulphuricum, A. Tannicum, Alnmen, Ar- 
gent! Nitras, Catechu, Creasoton, Capri Sul- 
phas, Tinct Ferri Chloridi, Liquor Ferriy Nitr»- 
tis, Ferri Sulphas, GallsB, Hsematozylont Kino^ 
Krameria, Liquor Calcis, Plumbi Acctas, Qaeraof 
Alba, Quercus Tinctoria, Zinci SulphaSy 

ASTRION, Astragalus. 

ASTRIOS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROBLES, from aorpev, 'astar/ and fim>JM, 
* I strike.' One struck by the stars (eidera'ttu,) 
One who is in a state of sideration — in an ifo- 
plectic state. — Gomeus. 

ASTROBOLIS'MUS, HelVaai; Htlii/tUs 
same etymology. Sidera'tion or action of ths 
stars on a person. Apoplexy. — Theophntsta% 

ASTROBOLOS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROITIS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROL'OGT, Astr(dog"iaj from amer, *a 

star,' and Xoyot, 'a discourse.' The art <n dirift- 

ing by inspecting the stars. This was formerily 

considered to be a part of medicine; and wai 

! called Judicial Astrology, to distinguish it from 

i astronomy. 

ASTRON'OMT, Astr&nom'ta, from marfw, 'a 
star,' and vo/io;, 'a law,' 'rale.' A seienoe whidi 
makes known the heavonly phenomena, and the 
laws that govern them. Hippocrates places tUi 
and astrology amongst the neceasaiy ttu^M of 
a physician. 

ASTRUTHIUM, Imperatoria. 

A8TYPHIA, Impotence. 




A5TYSIA, Impotenoe. 

ASUAR, SfjrobaluiuB Indicft. 

ASULCI, Lapis ImoU. 

ASYNODIA, Impotenoe. 


ATARAGTAPOIE'SIA, Ataraetopbe'nOf from 
«, priratire, rapoKrof, * tronbled/ and xouiv, * to 
Bake.* Intrepidity, firmness; a quality of which, 
according to Uippocrates, the physician ought to 
be peesessed in the highest degree. 

.\TARAX'IA, from a, priratiTe, and ra^it, 
'troobte/ 'emotion/ Mond tranquillity, peace 
of ouod. 

AT'AVISH, from oiaviM, 'an old grandsire or 
aoMftor, indefinitely.' The case in which an 
anomaly or disease, existing in a family, is lost 
in one generation and reappears in the following. 

ATAX'IA, from a, privatiye, and ra^n, 'order.' 
Disorder, irre^larity. Hippocrates employs the 
word in its most extensive acceptation. Galen 
applies i^ especially, to irregularity of pulse; 
uA Sydenham speaks of Attueia SpiritHum for 
disorder of the nervous system. Ataxia, now, 
anally means the state of disorder that eharac- 
tsnaes nerroaa fevers, and the nervous condition. 

Ataxia Spibitduit, Nervous diathesis. See 

ATAX'IC. Atcu^ietu ; same etymon. Having 
tlM eharactem of ataxia. 

ATCHAR, A'ckia, Ackar, A condiment used 
b India. It is formed of green fruits of various 
kinds, — garlie, ginger, mustard, and pimento, 
piekled in vinegar. 

ATECNIA, SteriUtas. 

ATELECTASIS, from ercXi^f, 'imperfect, de> 
feetive,' and mxrant, 'dilatation.' Imperfect ex- 
pansion or dilatation ; as in 

Atelbc'tasis Pulho'nux, Pneumonaielee'ta- 
•if, Pnevmat^lee'tiuit. Imperfect expansion of 
the hings at birth, from artXifs, 'imperfect,' and 
MTwif, ' dilatation.' Giving rise to Cyatu/aU 

AT'SLESy mrtXiis, 'imperfect, defective.'— 

ATELOCHErLIA, from ercXir;, 'imperfect,' 
Bd x**^* 'lip.' A malformation which con- 
sisu in an imperfect development of the lip. 

ATELOENCEPHAL'IA, from artXtit, 'imper- 
fect' and cyn^Xn, ' the encephalon.' State of 
imperfect dewelopment of the brain. — Andral. 

ATELOGLOS'SIA, from artXnt, 'imperfect,' 
sad yXm^vm, 'tongue.' A malformation which 
oonsbts in an imperfect development of the 

ATELOONA'THIA, from artXtit, 'imperfect,' 
ttd Y9m9f, 'the jaw.' A malformation which 
consists in an imperfeot development of the jaw. 

ATELOMTEL'IA, from artXris, 'imperfect,' 
sad ^«cX«f, 'marrow. State of imperfect deve- 
lopment of the spinal marrow. — B4clard. 

ATELOPBOSOTIA, from anXin, 'imperfect,' 
md wfmtwov, 'the face.' A malformation which 
eoBsisti in imperfect development of the face. 

ATELORACHIDIA, Hydroraehis. 

ATBLOSTOM'IA, fh>m artXtit, 'imperfect,' 
md »w|is, 'month.' One whose mouth is im- 
psrfectlj developed. 

ATBB SUCCnS, AtrabiliB. 

ATHAMAN'TA, from Athamas, a place in 
Theasaly. A ganus of plants. 

AtBAMAVTA AinniA, A. Cretensis. 

Atiaxab'ta Airuo»Li'ivnx, OreoHU'num, 
0. Itgitimttm sea ntffruan, SdCnum oreoteli'num, 
Pwoed'anmm oreofWi 'awn, Ajnum tnonta^num, 
Bioek Mamaain ParwUs, (F.) Per*il de Mor^ 
is^M. The plant* seed and roots, are aromatic. 
U has btaa ooBfidand attanoaaty aperient deob- 

'death.' An antidote 
jaundice, gravel, Ac. 

stment, and lithontripie. The diitilled oil has 
been used in toothaeh. 

Athamam'ta Crbtkn'sis sen Crxti'ca, A. cm'- 
nuOf Libano'tit annua seu Creten'nt sen hir$u't9, 
Daueu9 Oreticut; D. Candia'nutj MyrrhU an'nira. 
Candy Oarrot, The seeds of this plant are acrid 
and aromatic. They have been used as carmina- 
tives and diuretics. 

Athavanta Macedonica, Bubon Macedoni- 
cum — a. Meum, ^thuss meum. 

ATHANASIA, Tanaeetum. 

Athana'sia, from a, privative, and ^avart, 

for diseases of the liver^ 
It consisted of saffron, 
cinnamon, lavender, cassia, myrrh, juncus odo- 
ratus, honey, Ac, and was esteemed to be sudo- 

ATHARA, Athera. 

ATHELAS'MUS, from a, privative, and OiyXir, 
' a breast or nipple.' Impracticability of giving 
suck ; from want of nipple or otherwise. 

ATHELXIS, Sucking. 

ATHE'NA. Name of a plsster, recommended 
by Asclopiadea, and composed of oxide of copper^ 
sublimed oxide of zinc, sal ammoniac, verdigrisy 
gall nuts, and a variety of resinous and other in- 
gredients. — Oribasius, Aetius, and P. ^gineta. 

composed of myrrh, pepper, castor, and opium ; 
used to allay coughing. — Celsus. 

ATHE'RA, Atha*ra, from wBnp, 'an ear of 
com.* A kind of pap for children : also, a kind 
of liniment. — Diosoorides, Pliny. 


ATHERO'MA, from a^pa, 'pap or pulp,' JS'ii. 
pky'ma eney^tit atken/ma, Mollut'eum, PuUa'tio, 
A tumour formed by a cyst containing matter 
like pap or JBouiUie. 

ATHEROM'ATOUS, Atheromato'dw. Having 
the nature of Atheroma. 

ATHLE'TA, fi^m a^Xo$, 'eombat' AthletSB 
were men who exercised themselves in combat 
at the public festivals. — ^Vitruvins. 

ATHLET'IC, Athlefxeut; concerning Athletm. 
Strong in muscular powers. — FoSsius. 

ATHORACOCEPHALUS. Acephalogaster. 

ATHRIX, At'richua,' fit>m a, privative, and 
Opt^, rpixof, 'hair.' Bald. One who has lost hia 

Athrix Dbpilis, Alopecia. 

ATHTM'IA, An'imi de/ec'tut el anxi'etas, 
An'imi demWno, Tristit'Ua, Maror, Zypl, from 
«, priv., and ^/to;, 'heart,' 'courage.' Des- 
pondency. The prostration of spirits often ob- 
servable in the sick. — Hippocrates. Melancholy. 
— Swediaur. See Panophobia. 

Athymia Plbohbctica, see Pleonectica. 

ATHTRION, Asplenium ceterach. 

fiUx foemina — a. Filix mas, Polypodium filix maa 
— a. Molle, Asplenium filix fcemina — a. Ovatum, 
Asplenium filix fcemina— a. Trifldnm, Asplenium 
filix foemina. 

ATLANTAD, see Atlantal. 
ATLAK'TAL; same etymon aa AtUu, Ba- 
lating or appertaining to the atlas. 

Atlaktal Aspect. An aspect towards the 
region where the atlas is situated. — Barclay. 
Atlantad is nsed by the same writer to signify 
' towards the atlantal aspect' 

Atlantal Extrbmitibb. The upper limbs. 


ATLAS, Ailan'tionf from arXam, '1 sustain.' 
The /irtt eervieal ver'uhra / so called, from its 
supporting the whole weight of the head, aa 
Atlas is said to have supported the ^lobe on hia 
shoulders. Chaussier ealls it AiMd. Thxa rar- 




lebrm in no refpeet re«emble« the others. It is I 
A kind of irregnlar rin^r. into which, anteriorlj, 
llie proetmu* dtntattu of the second rertebn is 
received. Poneriorlj, it gives passage to the 
Bednlla spinalis. 

A T L 1 D '0 - AXOI D. (F.) AtloUo-am^itn. 
Belating to both the Atlas and the Axis or Ver- 
tebra Dcnuta. 

Atloido-axoid ARncrLATi05. The aidenla- I 
tion between the first two cervical vertebrse. | 

Atloipi»-Axuid Lio'ave!cts. These are two 
in number; one anttrv^r and another potterior, 
passing between the two vertebrae. 

ATLOID'O-OCCIP'ITAL. Relating to the 
allai* and occipat. The AtiotJo-occip'ital Arfi- , 
euia'tioH if formed by the condvles of the occi- | 
pital bone and the superior articular surfaces of ; 
the Atlas. The Atloido-occipital muscle is the 
Bectns capitis posticus minor. 

•nperior ocoli— <i. Sutu-oeeipitale, Rectus capitis 

ATMIATRI'A, AtmidiaCHcit, from «r;ro(, 'va- 
pour/ and tarpua, 'treatment' Treatment of 
diseases bj 'fumigation. 


ATMISTERION, Vaporarium. 

ATMOS, Breath. 

AT'MOSPHERE, Atmotphrn'ra, from cryioc, 
'vapour/ and r^aip«, 'a sphere;' — as it were, 
Sphere of vapour: The atmosphere is a sphe- 
rical mass of air, surrounding the earth in every 
part; the height of which is estimated at 16 or 
16 leagues. It presses on the surface of the 
•arth, and this pressure has, necessarily, sensible 
affects on organized bodies. The surfisce of the 
human body being reckoned at 15 square feet, it 
is computed that a pressure of 33,000 pounds or 
more exists under ordinary circumstances; and 
this pressure cannot be increased or diminished 
materially, without modifying the circulation and 
all the functions. 


ATOCIA, Sterilitis. 

ATOL'MIA, from a, priv., and r»X^, 'confi- 
dence.' Want of confidence; discouragement. 
A state of mind, unfavourable to health, and in- 
jurious in disease. It is the antithesis of Eu~ 

ATONIA, Atony— a. Ventriculi, Gasterasthe- 

AT'ONY, AtoH't'Of Imfir'mtta* et Bcmi»'9io vi'- 
rtttmj LanguoTf Lax'ittUf from a, priv., and rsMf, 
'tone/ 'force.' Want of tone. Weakness of 
every organ, and particularly of those that are 
contractile. Violent gastritis has been described 
by Scribonius Largus under a similar name, 
ArovoVf At'onon. 

ATRABIL'IARY, Atrabil'ioHt, Atrahilia'ns, 
Atrabiiio'fM, from ater, 'black,' and 6i7i#, 'bile.' 
An epithet given by the ancients to the melan- 
eholic and hjrpochondriac, because they believed 
the Atrabilis to pre<lominate in such. 

Atrabiliart Capsulp.s, Arteries and Veins. 
The renal capsules, arteries and veins : the forn 
mation of Atrabilis having been attributed to 

ATRABI'LIS, same etymon, Ater ««cctM, 
Black Bile, or melancholjf. According to the an- 
dents. a thick, black, acrid humour, secreted, in 
the opinion of some, by the pancreas; in that 
of others, by the supra-renal capsules. Hippo- 
erates, Galen, Aetius, and others, ascribe great 
influenee to the Atrabilis in the production of 
hypochondriasis, melancholy, and mania. There 
is really no such humour. It was an imaginary 
ereation. — ^Aretnus, Rnfos of Ephesns, Ao. 

ATRACHELOCEPH'ALUS, from m, prir., 
Tpaxi^of, *neck,' and cr^wXf, 'head.' A monstsr 
whu!>e neck is partially or whoUy defldent 

ATRACHE'LUS. Same etymon. One who if 
very short-necked. — Galen. 

pTmeuM, Irinif Gmmmg-roottd Atradylit, Pirn 
Thi»tle, The root, when wonnded, yields a 
milky, viscid juice, which concretes into tena- 
cious masses, and is said to be chewed with tha 
same views as mastieh. 

ATRAGEXE, Clematis vitalba. 

ATRAMEN'TUM, A. Suto'rium, Ink, Cmkam'' 
tkon, (¥.) Encre. It has been advised as an as- 
trintri*nt. and as an external applicatimi in her- 
petic affections. 

Atravextuv Strroinnr, Ferri snlphas. 

ATRESIA, Adherence, Imperforation. 8m 

Atre'sia Avi Adna'ta, Amks Imperfom'tm, 
Imperfora'tio ani, (F.) Imperforation de Fanwi, 
Congenital imperforation of the intestinal caaaL 

ATRETISMUS, Imperforation. 

ATRETOCEPH'ALUS. from ar/mrf, 'imp«r. 
foratc,' and cc^Xf , * head.' A monster, in whieh 
some of the natural apertures of the head art 
wanting. — GurlL 

ATRETOCOR'MrS, from •rp^rt, 'impeHb- 
rate,' and nffwf . ' trunk.' A monster in whieh 
the natural apertures of the trunk are wanting. — 

ATRE'TUS, from a. priv., and rpM, 'I per- 
forate.' Impfrfora*tu9,Imper'f orate. One whose 
anus, or parts of generation, are imperforata^ 

AT'RICES. Small tnmonrs, which appear oo- 
casionally around the anus. Some commentaton 
consider the word to be synonymous with eoa- 
dylomata. — Forestus. 

ATRICHIA. Alopecia. 

ATRICUUS. Athrix. 

AT'RICL Small sinuses in the rieinity of thf 
anus, not penetrating the rectum. 

ATRIPLEX F(£TIDA, Chenopodinm vnl- 

Atriplex Hortb5'8I8, A, 300*90, (F.) Ar- 
roche. Bonne Dome. The herb and seed of thta 
plant have been exhibited as antiseorbaties. 

AfripUx a/' I MM, A. PortulacoVdet, and A, 
Pat'ula, are used as pickles, and hare similar 

At'riplex Mexicaxa, Chenopodinm ambra- 
sioides — a. Odorata, Chenopodinm botiys — a. 
Olida, Chenopodinm vulvaria. 

cordis — a. Cordis sinistrum, Sinus pulmonaUi— 
a. Vaginte. Vestibulum. 

AT'ROPA, from Arpersf, 'immnUble/ 'the 
goddess of destiny;' so csiled from its flUal 

Atropa Belladon'ka, Belladon'na, R, fta*. 
eifera sen triekot'oma, Deadly XigkUkodef SoV' 
NMoi letha'le, Sola'num mani*aeum, & Fmrio^mtm, 
iSola'nnm mrlanocer'aMut, (F.) Belladone, JiortOt 
fnriewey Belle Dame. Aof. Ord. Solanec. Sua 
Sy»t. Tetrandria Monogynia. The leaves — ^Bet 
ladonna (Ph. U. S.) are powerilhlly narcotic, and 
also diaphoretic, and diuretic. They are occa- 
sionally used where narcotics are indicated. 
Sprinkling the powdered leaves over canceroas 
sores has been found to allay the pain ; and the 
leaves form a good ponltice. Dose, gr. } to gr« J 
of the powdered leaves. 

Atropa Mandeao'ora, Mandrag'oro, M. eerw 
Na7t« sen officina'lis sen aean'lit, Oirem'o^Anlkro^ 
pomorpk'fu. Malum fcrrss'fri, JfoaiirBAs. Tht 




MM root haj been lued in the form of povltioe 
m iBdol«Bt Bwellinga. 

ATROPHIA, Atrophy, Tabes— a. Ablaotato- 
nm. Brash, weaning — a. Cerebri, Phrenatropbia 
"a. Cordis, Heart, atrophy of the — a. Glandttla« 
ni, Tabee meeenterica — a. Hepatis, Hepatatro- 
phia — a. Infaotam, Pedatrophia, Tabes mesen- 
terioa — a. Intestinorum, Enteratropbia. 

Atbopbia. Lictan'tium, Tabet nutri'cum sen 
iae'tea. The atrophy of nursing women. 

AravPBiA LiBNis, Splenatrophia — a. Mesen- 
ierica. Tabes mesenterica — tb, Testiculi, Orchida- 

A TROPHIE, Atrophy— a. Jf&enfMgice, Tabes 

ATROPHIED, see Atrophy. 

AT'ROPHY, Jfarcu'mtM Atro'pKiay Atro'phia 
Jfomu'miM, Ma'cMf Oontabeieen'tiaf Tabet, Mar- 
eoVe«, AmIo'vm, from a, privatire, and rpo^ir, 
*iioori«bmenL' {¥.)Atrf^phi€,Deuichement, Pro- 
gress! re and morbid diminution in the bulk of 
tbe vhole body or of a part Atrophy is gene- 
rally symptomatic. Any tissue or oi^an thus 
sffected is said to be atrophied, 

Atropht or THB Heart, see Heart, atrophy 
of the. 

AT'ROPINE, Atropi'na, Atro'pia, Atro'pium, 
AtropVnum^ ( F.) Atropine, The active principle 
of Atropa BeiiakonHa, separated by Brandes, by 
a process similar to that for procuring morphia. 

ATTACHE, Insertion. 

ATTACK, InsnPtMB, AMmVtw, Irrep'tio, Inva'- 
«M>, Eit^hoUt LepHM, (F.) Attaque, A sudden 
ittsek, inTaf>ion or onset of a disease. A seizure. 

ATTAGAF, Attagen. 

AT'TAGEN, Aftagat, the Fran'eolin, Cele- 
brated with the ancients both as food and medi- 
cine. — ^Martial, Aristophanes. 

A mineral water in France, at Attancourt, in 
Champagne ; about three leagues north of Join- 
Tille.- The water is a chalybeate, and contains 
nilphate of lime. In large doses it is purgative. 

ATTAQUE, Attack — a. de» Nerf; Nervous 


in Bavaria. The water contains carbonic acid, 
esrbonates of lime and soda, sulphates of lime 
sad magnesia, chloride of sodium, iron, and alum. 
It is much used in skin diseases, fistula, old nl- 
eers, calculi, and hemorrhoids. 

ATTEN'CANTS, Attenwin'tia, Zeptun'twa, 
(P.) LegaoniiqueBf from tenuU, 'thin.' Medicines 
whi di aoi cment the fluidity of the humours. 

ATTENUA'TION, Attenwx,*txo ; same etymon. 
Tbianess, emaciation. A term used by the ho- 
Bi«opathist« in the sense of dilution or division 
of remedies into infinitesimal doses. 

ATTIRANT, Attrahent 

AT'TITUDE, 8%tU9 Cor^por%$, Low Latin, 
Qplitudo; from Latin aptare, 'to fit' Situation, 
podtion of the body. The attitudes are the dif- 
firent postures which man is capable of assum- 
ing. In Oenerai Pathology, the attitude will 

ipon the character of a disease, or it will aid him 
Baifcrially in his judgment In St Vitus's dance, 
in fraetorea, luxations, kc, it is the great index. 
It will also indicate the degree of nervous or 
ecnbral power ; hence the sinking down in bed 
ii an evidence of great eerebral debility in feyer. 
The podtioB of a patient during an operation is 
•1m an interesting subject of attention to the 

U^tor Amrit, Supt'rior Anri; AttoVlent Au- 
ri^Mam, Amriemta'rit tnp^riar, (F.) Auriculairt 
T^mporo^aimiculairt, A mnsoU of 

the ear, which arises, thin, broad, and tendinooii 
from the tendon of the occipito-frontalis, and is 
inserted into the upper part of the ear, opposite 
to the anti'helix. It raises the ear. 

Attollens Oct7LI, Rectus superior oooli'^- a. 
Oculnm, Rectus superior ocuti. 

ATTOUCHEMENT, Masturbation. 

sion, •force of. 

ATTRACTIVUM, see Magnet 




AT'TRAHENT, At'trahen*, Attractt^vus, Au 
traeto'riua, from ad, 'to,' and troAo, 'I draw.' 
(F.) Attraetif, Attirant, Remedies are so called, 
which attract fluids to the parts to whfeh they 
are applied, as blisters, rubefacients, Ac. 

ATTRAPE-LOURDAUT, (F.) A bistoury 
invented by a French surgeon, called Biennaise, 
and used in the operation for hernia. Bee Bii- 
touri cach^. 

ATTRITA, Chafing. 

ATTRITIO, Attrition, Chafing. 

ATTRIBUTION, Attri"tio, Eethlim'ma, from 
ad, and terere, * to bruise.' Friction or bruising. 
Chafing. — Galen. Also, a kind of cardialgia. —^ 
Sennertus. Likewise, a riolent contusion. 

ATTRITUS, Chafing. 

ATYP'IC, Atgp'iew, Atfypotf from a, priva- 
Uye, and rvvoc, ' type.' That which has no type. 
Irregular. Chiefly applied to an irregular inter- 
mittent, — Febru atypiea, 

ATYPOS, Erratic. 

AUANSI8, Drying. 

AUAN'TE, Anap^ti, from avavnt, 'deslee»- 
tion.' Hippocrates gave this name to a diseasOi 
the principal symptom of which was emaciation. 

A UBB^ VIGNE, Clematis vitalba. 

A UBiPINE, Mespilus oxyacantha. 

AUBEROINE, Solanum Melongena. 

AUBIFOIN, Cyanus segetum. 



AUCHE'TICUS, from a^x^, 'the neok.' One 
affected with stiff neck or torticollis. 

AUDB, Voice. 

dinac is situate in the department of Arridge, 
France. The water contains a small quantity 
of sulphohydric acid, carbonic acid, sulphates of 
lime and magnesia, carbonates of lime and iron, 
and a bituminous substance. Temp. 67^ Fshr. 
It is much used in chronic rheumatism, herpes, 
scrofulous diseases, Ac. 

AUDIT" I ON, from audire, 'to hear;' 
Aud\t"io, And\'tu9, A'coi, Aero'atna, Aero'ant, 
Aeoi'ais, Acu'tit, Hearing. The act of hearing, 
The sensation arising from an impression made 
on the auditory nerves by the vibrations of the 
air, produced by a sonorous body. The physi- 
ology of Audition is obscure. It probably t^^es 
place : — 1. By the vibrations being communicated 

often enable the physician to pronounce at onc^ from the membrana tympani along the chain of 

small bones to the membrane of the foramen 
ovale. 2. By means of the air in the cavity of 
the tympanum, the membrane of the foramen 
rotundum is agitated. 3. The transmission may 
be made by means of the bony parietes. In 
these three ways the vibrations produced by a 
sonorous body may reach the auditory nerve. 
Audition may be aetite or paative : hence the 
difference between li$tentng and simply hearing, 

AU'DITORY, Audit</rtue, AudHi'tme, Aewf^ 
ttctis. That which relates to audiUon. 

AvDiTORT Artxribs AND Vkihs, bto Tessels 
which enter the aaditory oanals, and are^ like 





them, distingnulied into interna/ and extemaL 
The txterncU auditory artery , A, Tympanique — 
(Ch.) is given off by the styloid, a branch of the 
external carotid : the internal ia a branch of the 
hatilary artery, which accompanies the auditory 
nerve, and is distributed to it The Auditory 
VeiM empty into the internal and external ju- 

Auditory Ga5Al, External, i/ira'fut audito'- 
riu* exter'nu9f Alvea'rium, ScaphOf Seaphu§f (F.) 
Conduit auditi/ exteme. Conduit aurieulaire, 
commences at the bottom of the concha, at the 
Fora'men auditi' run exter'nutn, passes inwards, 
forwards, and a little downwards, and terminates 
at the mcmbrana tympani. It is partly cartilagi- 
nous, partly osseous, and partly fibrous. 

Auditory Canal. Internal, Ifea'tM audita'- 
riu0 inter'nuSf Porut seu *Vin«« acua'ticut, Cyar, 
(F.) Conduit auditi/ interne, C, labyriuthique, is 
situate in the posterior surface of the pars pe- 
trosa of the temporal bone. From the Fora'men 
auditi'vum inter'num, where it commences, it 
passes forwards and outwards, and terminates 
by a kiod uf cul-de-9aCf mac'ula cribro'aa, perfo- 
rated by many holes, one of which is the orifice 
of the Aqua>ductus Fallopii ; and the others com- 
municate with the labyrinth. 

Auditory Nerve, jS'erf labyrinthique---{Ch.) 
is the Portio MoUi* of the seventh pair. It 
arises from the corpus restiforme, from the floor 
of the fourth ventricle, and by means of white 
striae, from the sides of the calamus scriptorius. 
As it leaves the encephaloD, it forms a flattened 
cord, and proceeds with the facial nerve through 
the foramen auditivum internum, and as far as 
the bottom of the meatus, where it separates from 
the facial, and divides into two branches, one 

Sing to the cochlea, the cochlear ; the other to 
e vestibule and semi -circular canals, the ve»ti- 

AUQE, Al'vetu, Some of the older anatomists 
gave this name to a reservoir, into which liquids 
flow in an iutemipted manoor, so that it is alter- 
nately full and empty. Such are the ventricles 
and auricles of the heart. 

AUG MENTA'TION, from augere, ' to increase ;' 
Augmen'tump Jncremen'tumf Anab'aaity Auc'tio, 
Aujcitf Pr<>gre»'*io, Progre«'»u», Auxe'tia, The 
stage of a disease in which the symptoms go on 

AULISCUS, Canula. See Fistula. 

AULOS,. Canula, Fistula. See Vagina, and 

male is a town of Upper Normandy, in the coun- 
try of Caux. Several springs of ferruginous 
mineral waters are fuund there, whose odour is 

¥3netrating, and taste rough and astringent, 
hey are tonic, and employed in debility of the 
viscera, Ac. 
AUNE NOIRE, Rhamnus frangula. 

AUN£e, Inula helenium — a. VyentiriquCf 
Inula dysenterica. 

AURA, Pno'i. A vapour or emanation from 
any body, surrounding it like an atmosphere. 
Van Uelmont regarded the vital principle as a 
gas and volatile spirit, which he called Aura 
vital it. 

In Pathology, Aura means the sensation of a 
light vapour, which, in some diseases, appears 
to set out from the trunk or limbs ; and to rise 
towards the head. This feeling has been found 
to precede attacks of epilepsy and hysteria, and 
hence it has been called Aura EpiUp'tica, and 
A. kytter'iea. 

Aura San'guinis. The odour exhaled by blood 
newly drawn. See Gas Sanguinis. 

AuBA &Mu'unB, A. 9emima'U», Spir'ttuB geni- 

ta'lit: — A volatile principle fancied to exist fa 
the sperm, and regarded by some as the feevm* 
dating agent Such is not the case. 

Aura Vitalis, Vital principle. 


AURANGUM, see Ovnm. 

AURANITE, see Agaric 

applet or oranget. Immature oranges, cheekedf 
by accident, in their growth. They are a grate- 
ful, aromatic bitter, devoid of acidity. Infnsed 
in wine or brandy they make a good stomachic. 
They are also used for iuue peaa» 

AuRANTiA CuRAHSAVicA, SCO CitTos aimiitiiiBi 
— a. Poma, see Citrus aurantium. 

AuRANTii Cortex, see Citrus aurantiimL. 

AURANTIUM, Citrus aurantium. 


AUREOLA, Areola. 

NATRII, see Gold— a. Chloridnm, Gold, muriate 
of — a. Chloretum, Gold, muriate of«— a. Cyanidum, 
see Gold — a. Cyanuretum, see Gold — a. lodidnn, 
see Gold — a. loduretum, see Gold — a. et Natri 
chloruretum, see Gold — a. Murias, Gold, mnriate 
of — a. Nitro-murias, see Gold — a. Oxidom, see 
Gold — a. Tcrchloridum, see Gold — a. Tercyani- 
dum, see Gold — a. Teroxidum, see Gold. 


AURICLE. Auric'ula, (F.) Aurieule, OrieuU. 
Diminutive of aurit, an ear. The aoricle of the 
ear. See Pavilion. 

Auricles of the Heart, Cavita'tet itmomi- 
na'ttt, (F.) Oreitlettet, are two cavities; one 
right, the other left, each communicating wiOk 
the ventricle of its side. These two cavities re- 
ceive the blood from every part of the body. 
Into the right auricle, the two vensp cavsB and 
coronary vein open : into the left, the four pul- 
monary veins. .Chaussicr calls the former the 
«S'i«M« of the Vena Caret: — the latter, the Sinu9 
of the Pulmonary Veint. The foliated or dog's 
ear portion of each auricle is called Appen'dix 
auric' ul(p. See Sinus. 

Auricula Juo^, Pezisaauri cnla — a. MnriSy 
Hieracium Pilosello — a. Muris migor, HieracioB 

AVRICULAIRE, see Digitus— o. PoatSriewr, 
Retmhens anris — a. Supfrieur, AttoUens anrem. 

AURICULAR, Auricula'ri; Orie'mlar, from 
auricula, * the ear.' That which belongs to the 
ear, especially to the external ear. 

AuRic'uLAR Ar'trries AND Vsors, Orteu- 
laircB — (Ch.), are divided into anterior and jws- 
terior. The anterior are of indeterminate num- 
ber. They ari:*e from the temporal artery, and 
are distributed to the meatus anditorius extmvM, 
and to the pavilion of the ear. The posterior 
auricular is given off by the external carotid, 
from which it separates in the substance of the 
parotid gland. When it reaches the inferior part 
of the pavilion of the ear it bifurcates ; one of its 
branches being distributed to the inner surftM 
of the pavilion, the other passing over the mas- 
toid process, and being distributed to the tempo- 
ral and posterior auris muscles, Ac Before its 
bifurcation it gives off the Hylo-maHoid artery. 
The Anterior and Posterior Auricular Veint open 
into the temporal and external Jugular. 

Auricular Finger, (F.) Doigt aurieulaire, is 
the little finger, so called because, owing to its 
sice, it can be more readily introduced into the 
meatus auditorius. 

Aurici;lar Nerves are several. 1. The o«- 
ricular branrh, Zygomato-aurtemlar, is oi^ of 
the ascending branches of the cerrieal plazni. 




H mnitec and sprettda orer the two snrfaces of 
the pavilion. 2. The auricular or ntperjicial 
itmporalf T€9q)oral'eutaneou» — (Ch.) is^iyen off 
frt>ai the inferior maxillary. It asoenda between 
the eondyle of the jaw and the meatus anditoriue 
cit«mns, sends numerous filaments to tiie meatus 
and pavilion, and divides into two twigs, which 
aecompany the branches of the temporal artery, 
and are distributed to the integuments of the 
head. There is also a potterior auricular fai- 
nished by the facial. 

AURICULARIA SAMBUCI, Peiiaa auricula. 

-HL Superior, AttoUens aurem. 

AURWULEy Auricle. Pavilion of the ear. 

9€mir%cmta*r%9, That which belongs to the auri- 
cles and ventricles of the heart The communi- 
cations between the auricles and vontricletf are 
BO called. The Tricuspid and Mitral Valve$ are 
anricttlo-ventricular vidvos. 

ACRI'GA. A species of bandage for ihe ribs, 
described by Galen. See, also, Liver. 

AURIOO, Icterus — a. Neophytorum, Icterus 

AURIPIGHSNTUM, Orpiment— a. Rubrum, 

AURIS, Ear. 


AURISCOP'IUM, An'riwope, from auris, * the 
ear,* and mcorcw, 'I view.' An instrument for 
exploring the ear. 

AURIST, Otia'ter, Otia'tmt, Ear^doctor, Ear- 
tmrfeon ; from auria, * the ear.' One who occu- 
pies himself chiefly with the diseases of the ear 
and their treatment. 

Borata, Cemmen — a. Sibilus, Bombus — ^a. Soni- 
tos, Bombus — a. Sordes, Cerumen — a. Susumtf, 

AURONE, Artemisia abrotanum — a. de9 
Ckamptf Artemisia campestris — a. de9 JarditUf 
Artemisia abrotanum — a. Mdle, Artemisia abro- 

AURUOO, Ictenxs. 

AURUM, Gold— a. Chloratnm, Gold, mu- 
riate of— a. Ohloratum nataronatum, see Gold — ^a. 
Foliatom, Gold leaf--a. in Libellis, Gold leaf— a. 
Lepro^um, Antimonium — a. Limatum, see Gold 
•— a. Mnriaticnm, seo Gold — a. Mnriaticnm na- 
teooatom, s«e Gold. 

AravM Musi'vuv, Aurum Mo9a'icum, Sulph'- 
mret of Tin^ Dtutotulphuret or Pwulphitret of 
Ar'a. (QmeknletTf tin, sulphur, »al ammoniaCf 
U, equal parta. The tin being first melted, the 
quicksilver is poured into it, and then the whole 
are ground together, and sublimed in a bolthead. 
The aiuiim mnsivum lies at the bottom.) It is 
in some empirical preparations. 

AcBim OxroATUK, see Gold — a. Oxydulatnm 

ariatiowm. Gold, muriate of — a. Nitro-muriati- 

see Gold — a. Salitum, Gold, muriate of. 

ACS'CULTATE, TO; from au«culiart, 'to lis- 
To practise auscultation. ' To aweulf is 
at times naad with the same signification. 

AUSCULTA'TION, AuteuUaUio, Eehot'eopi, 
act of listening. Buisson has used it synony- 
aously with linenin^, Laifnnee introduced atM- 
tul'ntion to mpptedMlo the different sounds which 
can be heard in the chest, and in the diagnosis 
of diseases of the heart, lungs, Ac. This may 
be done by the aid of an instrument called a «(€- 
Iko^eope, one extremity of which is applied to the 
ear, toe other to the chest of the patient This 
Bwde oi examinaUon is called Mediate AfueuUa- 
Uom, (F.) AuKukaHon mfdiate, — the application 
of the ear ta the ohest being immediate autculta- 

The act of exploring the chest Is oalled Steiho^ 
•cop'iay uid Thoraeo9eoj/ia J of the abdomen, 

XVSCVL'TATOBY, Aueeukato'riut; Aueeul*- 
tory, Auscul'tiCf (with some.) Belonging or hav- 
ing relation to auscultation. 

ArscuLTATORT Pbrcvssior, see Aeouophonia. 

AUSTERE^ Auate'rue. Substances which pro- 
duce a high degree of acerb impression on the 
organs of taste. 

AUSTRUCHE, Imperatoria. 

AUTALGIA DOLOROSA, Neuralgia, facial. 
Pleurodynia — a. Pruriginosa, Itching — a. Ver- 
tigo, Vertigo. 

AUTARCI'A, from ovtv;, 'himself,' and •^umf 
' I am -Satisfied.' Moral tranquillity . — Galen. 

AUTEMES'IA, from avm, * self,' and c/icvi;, 
' vomiting.' Spontaneous or idiopathic vomiting. 
— Alibert 

AUTEMPRESMUS, Combustion, human. 

AUTHE'MERON. A medicine which cures 
on the day of its exhibition ; from evrof, ' the 
same,' and 'miciHi,' ' day.' 

AXJTHYGIANSIS, Vis medicatrix natnne. 

AUTOOHIR, Autochi'rue, Suiei*da, from avrot, 
'himself,' and ^tip, 'hand.' One who has com- 
mitted suicide. A qelf-murderer or suicide. 


AUTOCINE'SIS, Motue volunia'riut, from 
avTos, 'self,' and KivnnSf 'motion.' Voluntary 

AUTOC'RAST, Autoerati% Autoerato'ria, 
from avroSf ' himself,' and cforvc, ' strength.' In- 
dependent force. Action of the vital principle, 
or of the instinctive powers towards the preser- 
vation of the individual. See Vis Medicatrix Na- 
tune. Also, the vital principle. 

AUTOCRATIA, Autoorasy, Vis Medicatrix 

AUTOCRATORIA, Autoorasy— a. Physiatriee^ 
Vis medicatrix naturae. 


AUTOG'^ENOUS; from ovrof, 'self,' and yey. 
ya», ' I generate.' A term applied by Bfr. Owen 
to parts or elements that are usually developed 
from distinct and independent centres ; as in the 
case of the different parts or elements that form 
a vertebra. 

AUTOGONIA, GeneraUon, equivocal. 

AUTOLITHOT'OMUS, from avrot, 'himself,' 
Xi&ot, 'a stone,' and nnvav, 'to cut' One who 
operates upon himself for the stone. 

AUTOMAT'IC, Automat' ieuttAutom'atue, from 
ovroftarvf, 'spontaneous.' That which acts of itoelf^ 
Those movements are called automatiCf which the 
patient executes without any object; apparently 
without volition being exercised: — involuntary 
motions, motut automat' iei sen autom'ati sen tn- 

AUTOMNALEy Autumnale. 

AUTONOM'IA, Vi» medicatrix naturtg. The 
word Autonomia is oocteionally employed by the 
French and Germans for the peculiar mechanism 
of an organised body. Thus, although individu- 
als of the same species may differ in outward con- 
formation, their mechanism or instinctive laws, 
(Autonomia,) may be the same. 

AUTONYCTOBATIA, Somnambulism. 

AUTOPBP'SIA, from mres, 'self,' and mwru, 
' I concoct' Self-digestion, — as of the stomadi 
after death. 

AUTOPHIA, Autopsia. 

AUTOPHO'NIA, (F.) Retentieeement autopho- 
niquCf from avros, * self,' and ^itvnt * voice.* An 
auscultatory sign pointed out by M. Hourmann, 
which consists in noting the character of the ob- 
server's own voice, while he speaks with his head 
placed close to the patient's cheat The Toiee, U 




k alleged, will be modified by the condition of 
(he mbjooent organs. The resonance, thus heard, 
he terms retentwement autophonique. This di- 
agnostic agency Dr. R. G. Latham proposes to 
term keautopkoH'ict, 

AuTOPHONiA, Suicide. 

AUTOPUOSPnORUS, Phosphorus. 

AUTOPLAS'TIC, AM/o/)/a#'licu«/ from avros, 
*aelf/ and xXaeriKoSf 'formative.' Relating to 
antoplnsty or plastic surgery. 

AUTOPLASTICE, Morioplastioe. 

AUTOPLASTY, Morioplastice. 

AUTOP'SIA, Au'topty ; from owrof, 'himself/ 
and or/'K, ' vision.' Autopk'iaf Autotcop'ia, In- 
spectiun; examination by one's self ; self-inspec- 
tion. Often improperly used for the following : 

AuTOP'siA Cadavbr'ica, (F.) Autop»ie ou Ou- 
verture eadavirique. Attentive examination after 
death, — Examination pott mortemf Sectio Cfadav'- 
tritf Ditteetion, Nec'ro»copyf Nec'roptyf Necro- 
§eop'iaf Necrop'niaf Neerop'titf — practised for 
the purpose of investigating the causes and seat 
of an affection of which a person may have 
died, &Q. 

AuTOP'siA Cadaver'iga Lbga'lts, Sec'tio ea- 
dav'erit legaluy Obduc'tiOf is the examination 
after death for medico-legal purposes. 

AUTOPYROS, Syncomistos. 

AUTOSCOPIA, Autopsia. 

AU'TOSITB, from owroj, 'self/ and otrog, 
'nourishment' A single monster, capable of 
deriving nourishment from its own proper or- 
gans, in contradistinction to Omphalonte. 

AUTOTHERAPIA, Vis medicatrix natune. 

AUTUMN, Autum'nut, Phthxropo'ron, (F.) Au- 
,tomne. One of the seasons of the year, between 
the 28d of September and the 21st of December. 
In all climates, the Autumn or Fall is liable to 
disease ; a combination of local and atmospheric 
causes being then present, favourable to its pro- 

AUTUM'NAL; Autumna'litj (F.) Auiomnale. 
Relating to Autumn ; as Autumnal Fruita, Au- 
tumnal Fevert, Ac 

Autumnal Fever, generally assumes a bilious 
aspect Those of the intermittent kind are much 
more obstinate than when they appear in the 

AUXESIS, Augmentation, Increase. 

AUXIL'IARY, Auxilia'rUf from auxilium, 
'aid.' (F.) Auxiltaire. That which assists, or 
from which assistance is obtained. 

AnxiLiART Medicine is one which assists the 
principal medicine or basis. It is synonymous 
with Adjuvant 

Auxiliary Muscles are those which concur 
in the same movement Some anatomists have 
applied the term to several ligaments, as well as 
to the fleshy fibres, which hang from the •acro- 
tpinalh muscle. 

AUXILIUM, Juvans, Medicament 

AUXIS, Augmentation, Increase. 

AVA, Arva, Kava, An intoxicating narcotic 
drink, made by chewing the Piper methisticum. 
It is much used by the Polynesians. 

AVAILLES, WATERS OF. A small village 
in France, 13 leagues S. S. E. of Poitiers, at 
which there is a cold saline chalybeate. It con- 
tains chlorides of sodium and calcium, sulphate 
and subcarbonate of soda, iron, ke. 

AVANT-BOUCHE, (F.) 0# anti'cnm. This 
name has been applied by some to the mouthy 
properly so called — in contradistinction to the 
Arriire houche or Pharynx., 

A VANT-BRAS, Fore-arm. 

AVANT~0(EURy Scrobiculus cordis. 

AVANT-GOUTy (F.) Pragutta'tio; a fore- 
taste; pnegostatioa. 

AVANT-MAINy (F.) Adver^ta Manmt. Th« 
inside of the hand, when extended. 

AVANJ-PlEDy (F.) The most adranoed 
part of the foot 

A VANT^POIONET, (F.) The anterior part 
of the wrist. 

A VELINEy Corylns arellana (not). 

AVELLANA, Corylus avellana^a. CathartiM» 
Jatropha curcas. 

AVE'NA, Oafy Bromot, The seeds of Am'mi 
tati'ra. Nat. Ord. Gramineas. Sex, SgtL. Trt- 
andria Digynia. (F.) Atoine, Oats are used as 
food for man, in some puts, particularly in the 
North of England and Scotland. When deprived 
of the huskis Uiey form Groata. Reduced to 
meal, — Arena Fari'nay Oatmeal — they are ap- 
plied as cataplasms to promote suppuration. The 
dry meal is sprinkled over erysipelatous pcurts. 

Oatmeal gruel. Water gruel, is prepared as fbl* 
lows: — Take of oatmeal ^g; »o/t voter Oiss. 
Rub the meal in a basin, with the back of a spoon, 
in a moderate quantity of the water, pouring off 
the fluid after the grosser particles have subsided, 
but whilst the mUkiness continues; and repeat 
the operation until no more milkiness is commu- 
nicated to the water. Put the washings in a pan, 
after having stirred them well, in order to soa- 
pend any fecula, which may have subsided ; and 
boil untU a soft, thick, mucilage is formed. 

It is a good demulcent, and is used also as a 
vehicle for clysters. 

AvENA ExcoRTicATA, Groats. 

AVENiS FARINA, see Avena. 

Avenheim is three leagues from Strasburg : near 
it is an aperient mineral water. 

Avenncs is a village in the department of H6- 
rault in France : near it is a saline spring, the 
temperature of which rises to 84° Fahrenheit 

A YENS, COMMON, Geum urbanum — a. 
Water, Geum rivale — a. White, Goum Yirgini' 

AVERICn, Sulphur. 

AVERRHO'A BILIM'BI, Bilim'bi, BiliwAiy 
teree. An Indian tree, which has a firuit that is 
too acid to be eaten alone. It is used as a con- 
diment, and in the form of syrup as a refrige- 

Ayerrho'a Garam'bola, called after Arer- 
rhocs ; Malum Coen'acy Prunum ttella'tum, Ttun'" 
aray Conga, Caram'bolo, An Indian tree, whose 
fruits aro agreeably acid. The bark, bruised, if 
employed as a cataplasm, and its fruit is used as 
a refrigerant in bilious fever and dysentery. 

AVER'SION, Aver'sioy Apofropi/ fromorer- 
tere, (a and rertere) 'to turn from.' Extreme 
repugnance for any thing whatever. 

AVERSION, (F.)al80 means, in therapeutics, 
the action of medicines which turn the s^ux of 
fluids from oue organ, and direct them to others; 
being synonymous with counter 'irriUMtiom^ or 
rather revulaion or derivation. 

AVERT J Ny (F.) A disease of the mind, 
which, according to Lavoisien, renders the pi^ 
tient obstinate and furious. 

AVEUGLEy Ciecus. 

AVEUGLEMENTy Csecitas — a. de Jimr^ 
Nyctalopia — a. de Nutty Hemeralopia. 

sen reeinif'era sen nit'ida, Bon'tia ger'minamtf 
called after Avicenna. The plant which affords 
the Malac'ca Bean or Anacar'dium Orienta'U of 
the Pharmacopoeias, Semecar'puu Anacar'diiun, 
The oil drawn from the bark of the frnit is a ccur- 
rosive, and active vesicatory, but it is not used. 

AYICULA CIPRIA, PastU-«. Margariti£Bi% 
see Peart 




^rO/JV; Avena. 

AVORTEMENT, Abortion. 

AVORTER, to Ahort, 

AVORTIN, Abortion. 

AVORTONy Abortion. 

A VULSrO, ArrackmnenU 

AVULSIOX, Bvnlsion, 

imall town in the department of ArridgOy Franee; 
where there are several eulphurons springs, the 
temperatare of which yaries from 77*^ to 162^ of 

AXE, Axi»— o. de F(Eil, Axis of the eye. 

AX'EA COMMISSU'RA, TroehiA'det. A 
iHTot-joint. See Trochoid. 

AXIL'LA, Ala, Ateel'la, AuePla, Aaeil'la, 
Acefloy Cordt9 emuneto'rium, MaU, Hypo^mia, 
Fo'vta ax%Un'rx», Mtu'ehaU, Mat'ekalU, (F.) 
Ai»*tUe. The cavity beneath the junction of 
the arm with the shoulder; the armpit; (F.) 
Ort%x de rAt9»tlU, It is bounded, anteriorly, 
by a portion of the pectoralis migor ; posteriorly, 
by the latissimua dorsL It is covered with hair, 
eoDtains much areolar membrane, lymphatic 
ganglions, important vessels and nerves, and 
Bomeroua sebaceous follicles, furnishing an odor- 
ous flecrction. In consequence of such secretion, 
the anciente called it emuncto'rtum tordU, 

AX'ILLART, Matehalia'ua, (F.) AxiUaire, 
from axiUoj 'the armpit' Belonging to the 

Axillary Artery, Art^ria axiUa'ri*; a con- 
tinuation of the subclavian, extending from the 
passage of the latter between the scaleni muscles 
ft! far as the Insertion of the pectoralis major, 
when it takes the name of BrachiaL 

AxiLLABT Q LANDS are lymphatic glands seated 
m the armpit; into which the lymphatic glands 
of the upper extremity open. 

AxiLLABT Keryb, Scap'ulo-hu'merol (Ch.), 
Ker/ cireonfiextf Artii^tUar nerve; arises from the 
p09t«rior part of the brachial plexus, particularly 
from the last two cervical pairs and the first 
donuL It is chiefly distributed to the posterior 
margin of the deltoid. 

Axillary Vkw, Vena Axilla'riif Vena Suha- 
Wri*. This vein corresponds with the artery; 
anterior to which it is situate. It is a continua- 
tion of the brachial vein*; and, at its termination, 
aasames the name Subclavian^ 

AXIXE, Ascia. 

AXIKNACH. An Arabic word, used by Al- 
bueasis to designate a £&tty tumour of the upper 
eyelid, observed particularly in chUdren. 

AXIS, Axon, (F.) Axe. A right line which 
passes through the centre of a body. 

Axis, Cebebro-Spoal, see Encephalon — a. 
of the Cochlea, Modiolus — a. Cylinder of Nerve, 
see Nerve fibre— a. Coeliao, Gceliac artery. 

Axis or thb Eyb, (F.) Axe de Vwil, called 
also, Vie'ual Axis and Optie Axi*, is a right line, 
which falls perpendicularly on the eye, and passes 
throngh ^e centre of the pupil. 

Axis, Hjbxal, Aorta — a. Neural, see Ence- 

Axis, is also the second vertebra of the neck, 
Asoff, Epietroph'eiUf Epie*trophv», MaecKalister : 
the Ver'tebra Denta'ta, (¥.) Eetieu. So called, 
because it forms a kind or axis on which the head 
moves. Chanssier calls it Axalde, from a(wy, 
'axis,' and uiot, 'shape.' 

AXOTDE, Axis — a. Oeeipitale, Rectos capitis 
posticus major. 

AXOiD'O-ATLOID'EUS. What refers to both 
the axis and atlas, as Axoido-athidean articula- 

The lesions of the Azoido-atloidean, are, 1. 
Fttetors of the Proces'wut Penta'hu. 2, Rupture 

of the odontoid ligament, and consequently pas* 
sage and pressure of the process behind the trans- 
verse ligament : and, 3. The simultaneous rupture 
of the c^ontoid and transverse ligaments. These 
different accidents are fatal. 

AXOWO^ATLOIDIEN, Obliouus inferior 

AXON, Axis. 

AXUNGE, Adeps prseparata. 

AXUNGIA, Pinguedo— a. Qadi, Oleum Jeooris 
Aselli — a. de Mumi&, Marrow — a. Articularis, 
Synovia — a. Piscina Marina, Oleum Jeooris Aselli 
— a. Poroina, Adeps prsBparata. 

AYPNIA, Insomnia. 

AZARNET, Orpiment 

AZARUM, Asarum. 

AZEDARACH, Melia Azedarach. 

AZEDARACHA AM(ENA, Melia Azedarach. 

AZOODYNA'MIA, from o, priv., Imn, 'life,' 
and ivvams, 'strength.' Privation or diminutioii 
of the vital powers. 

AZO'RES, CLIMATE OF. The Azores or 
Western Islands are said to afford one of the best 
examples of a mild, humid, equable climate to 
be met with in tiie northern hemisphere. It Is 
slightiy colder and moister than that of Madeira, 
but even more equable. Sir James Clark thinks, 
that a change from tiie Azores to Madeira, and 
thence to Teneriffe--one of the Canaries — ^would 
prove more beneficial to the phthisical valetudi- 
narian than a residence during the whole winter 
in any one of those islands. 

AZOTATE jy ARGENT, Argenti nitras. 

A'ZOTE, Jjro'fum, from a, priv., and^wq, 'life.' 
Ni'trogen, Al'caligene, Oae aso'tieum, Nitro- 
gen'ium, (F.) Azote, Nitrogine, Air gaU, Air 
vicii, is a gas which is unfit for respiration. It 
is not positively deleterious, but proves fatal, 
owing to the want of oxygen. It is one of the 
constituents of atmospheric air, and a distin- 
guishing principle of animals. Vegetables have 
it not generally diffused, whilst it is met with in 
most animal substances. It has been variously 
called, phlogistic air, vitiated air, Ao. ; has been 
looked upon as sedative, and recommended to be 
respired, when properly diluted, in diseases of 
the chest 

Azote, Protoxidb of, Nitrogen, gaseous ox- 
ide of. 

AZOTED, Nitrogenized. 

AZOTEN^SES, from axote, and vvos, 'dis- 
ease.' Diseases fancied to be occasioned by the 
predominance of azote in tiie body. — ^Baumes. 

AZOTIZEB, Nitrogenised. 

AZOTURIA, see Urine. 

AZUR, Coral, Smalt 

AZU'RIUM. A compound of two parts of 
mercury, one-third of sulphur, and one-fourth of 
sal ammoniac. — Albertus Magnus. 

AZ'YGES, Az'ifgoe, AM'ygout, tine pari, from 
a, priv., and Cvyos, 'equal.' Unequal. The 
»phenoid bone, because it has no fellow. Also, a 
process, Proeee'eue Az'ygee, Rottrum sphenolda'U, 
projecting from under tiie middle and forepart 
of this bone. 

' AZTGOS GANGLION, see Trisplanohnio 

ticular arteries of the skull. 

AzYoouB Muscle, Aztfgoe TPvuUt, is the small 
muscle which occupies the substance of the uvula. 
— MorgagnL The name is, however, inappro- 
priate, as there are two distinct fasciculi, placed 
along-side each other, forming the Pal'ato^ta-' 
phyli'ni, StaphyWni or EpietaphyWni muscles, 
Staphyli'ni me'aii of Winslow. 

AzYGOUB Ysn, Vena AMygoe, Veine Prilomhom 




tkoraetque — CCh,), Vena ttiw pari. Vena pari 
oaren»t (F.) Veine tane Paire. Thu rein was so 
oiillod by Galen. It formB a eommtmication be- 
tween the V. cava inferior and F. cava euperior, 
permitting the blood to pass freely between the 
two. It risea from the vena oara inferior, or 
from one of the lumbar or renal Tcins, passes 
through the diaphragm, ascends along the spine 
to the right of the aortA and thoracic duct, and 
opens into the V. cava superior, where it pene- 

trates the pericardium. Ob the left alda, the 
seui-az'tgos, Lefi hron'ekial or left nperior tn- 
tercof'tal vein. Vena denU-anjfgoe, V, kemi-at^g^ 
Veine petite pr(lombo-thor<ieiqwh—{Ch. ) present^ 
in miniature, nearly the same arrangement. 

AZYMIA HUMORUM, Crudity of the hu. 

AZ'YMUS, from a, prir., and ^v/atf 'learen.' 
Azymotts bread is unfermented, unleavened bread. 
— Galen. 


BABEURRE, Buttermilk. 

BABILLEMENT, Loquacity. 


BAG'ARIS, Bach' arte, A name given by the 
ancients to an ointment, described by Galen 
under the name Ointment of Lydia, It was 
sometimes employed in diseases of the womb. — 

BACGiB BERMUDEXSES, Sapindus sapo- 
naria — b. sen Grana actes, see Sambuous ebuius 
— b. JujubsB, Jiiyube — b. Myrtillorum, see Yacci- 
nium myrtillus — b. Norlandicsa, Rubus arcticus 
•— b. Piperis Glabri, see Piper Cubeba — b. Pisca- 
torisB, see Menispermum cocoulus — b. Zizyphi, 
see Jujube. 

BACCAR, Bac'carie, Bao'ekarie, An herb 
used by the ancients in their garlands, to destroy 
enchantment. Perhaps, the Digitalit purpurea. 
Some authors have erroneously thought it to be 
tiie Anarum, 


BAGGIII'A, from jBoccAim, 'wine.' A name 
applied to the red or pimpled face of the drunkard. 
See Gutta rosea. 

BAGCHICA, Hedera helix. 

BACHARIS, Bacaris. 

BACHELOR'S BUTTONS, see Strychnos nuz 

boro et Myrrh&. 

BACILE, Crithmum maritimum. 

BACIL'LUM, Bacillus, Bac'ulutj Bac'culue : 
' a stick.' This name has been applied to a kind 
of trocb, composed of expectorants, and having 
the shape of a stick. Also, a suppository. Baeil- 
lum was used by the ancient chemists for several 
instruments of iron. 

BACK-ACH ROOT, Liatris. 


BACOVE, Musa sapientum. 


BACULUS, BaciUum. 

is a town six miles from Vienna. Here are 12 
springs, containing carbonates of lime and mag- 
nesia; sulphates of lime, and magnesia, and 
soda; and chlorides of sodium and aluminum. 
The water is used in diseases of the skin, rheu- 
matism, Ac. There are two other towns of the 
same name; one in Suabia, and the other in 
Switzerland, about 12 miles from Ziirich, where 
are mineral springs. The waters of the last two 
are thermal sulphureous. 

Celebrated thermal springs, situate about a league 
from the high road to Basle and Frankfort. Their 
temperature varies from ISO*' to 154° Fahrenheit 

BADER, Bather. 

BADIAG A. A kind of sponge, sold in Russia, 
the powder of which ia aaid to teke away the livid 

marks ftt>m blows and bruises in a few hooii 
Its nature is not understood. 

BADIANEy nUcium anisatOm. 

BADISIS, Walking. 

BADUKKA, Capparis badukka. 

BAG, DUSTING, see Dusting-bag. 

BAGEDIA, Pound. 

OF. Bagndres-Adour is a small town in tht 
department of Hautee Pyriniet, having a great 
number of mineral springs; some, oold chaly- 
beates ; others, thermal salines ; but the greatest 
part sulphureous and warm. 

in the department of Haute Garonne, on tha 
frontiers of Spain. It has been for a long time 
famous for its numerous sulphureous springSy 
the temperature of which is from 69^ to 148° of 

BAGNIGGE WELLS. A saline minerd 
spring in London, resembling the Epsom. 

BAGNIO, Baignoire. 

Bagnolcs is a village in the department of Ome. 
The water resembles that of Bagn^ree de Luchonm 

nols is a village, two leagues from Mende, in the 
department of Loz^re. The waters are hydro- 
sulphurous and thermal : 109° Fahrenheit. 

BAGOAS, Castratus. 

BAOUENAUDIERy Colutea arborescens. 

climate of the Bahamas is not considered to bo 
well adapted for consumptive patients, on ao- 
count of the rapid alternations of temperature, 
and the prevalence of winds, often of a dry, cold 
character. Still, the phthisical valetudinarians 
from most portions of the United States might 
derive advantage from a residence there during 
the winter months. The accommodations are 
not, however, good, or numerous. 

BAHEL. Colum'nea longi/o'lia, A labiated 
plant of Malabar, whose leaves, bruised, are ap- 
plied as cataplasms to suppurating tumours. 

Bahel Schulli, Genista spinosa Indica. 

BAfGNEUR, Bather. 

BAIGNOIRE (F.), BaptiMte'Hum, a Batking 
tub, Bngniot So' Hum, Pieei'na, The vessel OT 
place in which bathing is performed. Baignoire 
oculaire, an eye-bath, — a small vessel for bathing 
the eyes. 

BAriLEMENT, Yawning. 

BAILLON, Speculum oris. 

BAIN, Bath— 6. Ohaud, Bath, hot— 6. jftco- 
trique, Bath, electric, see Electricity — 6. Entier, 
Bath, general — b, de Fauteuil, Bath, hip — 6. 
Fraie, Bath, tepid — b, Froid, Bath, cold — 6. Jfo- 
rie, Bath, water — 6. Medicinal, Bath, medicated 
— 6. de Pied, Bath, foot, Pediluvium — 6. rfe Sa» 
ble, Bath, sand — 6. de Si^ge, Bath, hip— 6. Tem» 
piri, Bath, tepid, B. Temperate — b. tU Tiu, 




an ritnata ai Plombidres, department of the 
VoigM. They are said to be saline and thermal 
bj some; others deny them any medioal pro- 

BALAMPULLI, Tttmarindns. 


BAL'ANGEMBNT, OomoentaUion, from (F.) 
hmlamce, * a balance/ itself from hU, * twice/ and 
Uuu, * a dish.' A law of teratogeny, as main- 
tuned by Oeof&roy St Hilaire, by which eznbe- 
laace of nntrition in one organ is supposed to 
hiTolTOy to a greater or less extent^ the total or 
partial atrophy of some other, — and eonyersely. 

BALANDA, Fagos Sylvatica. 


BALANISMUS, Suppository. 

BALANITIS, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


BALANOCASTANUM, Bnnhim Bnlbooasta* 

BALANORRHCBA, Gonorrhoea spuria. 

BA'LANUS, fiaUvpu 'glans/ 'an acorn.' The 
gians penis. Hence, Btdanohlennorrhm'ay Blen- 
aofriioea of the glans; and Balani'ti; Inflamma- 
tion of the glans. Suppositories and pessaries 
were called Bal'anu 

Balahos Pb<k5ico8, Date. 

BAUiicra, Glans, Suppository — b. Myrepsica, 
Guilandina moringa. 

lame is a town in the department of H^rault* 
hi Franoe. The waters are saline and thermaL 
They contain carbonic add, carbonate of lime, 
earbon«te of magnesia, chlorides of sodium, oal- 
dum, and magnesium, sulphate of lime, and a 
little iron. They are considered tonic, and are 
largely used. Their temperature is about 118^ 

Balabuo Watbb, FAcnr^'iouB, (F.) Eau de 
Salarmc ; Aq%ta BtUiluea'na is made of HmpU 
vcidmlonM wUer (containing twice its bulk of car- 
bonio add) f^zxes; ekioride of •odittnif giBs; 
cktoruie of caldHMy gr. xvig ; eA^ortcie of mag- 
uemuw^ gr. Wi ; carbonate of mo^iiema, gr. j. 

BAL.ATRO, Bambalio. 

6AL.AUSTINE FLOWERS, see Pnnica gra- 

BALBIS, PaXfitf, < a foundation.' Any oblong 
earity. — Galen. Hippocrates, in his treatise on 
the joints, gives the name Balbito*de» to the ole- 
cranon cavity of the humerus. 

BALBUS, (F.) Bigue, One habitually affected 
with stammering. A stammerer. 

BALBUTIES, PtellWmw, Ptel'lotet, BUt'^ 
9ita$j Baryglot'na, Djftla'lia, Mogila'tiOf ItokO' 
phi'miOf Jaatiarui'mtUf Bamha'liaf H(B»ita'tiOf 
Loqwe'la hlcL'aa, (F.) BaUmtiement, Bigaiement, 
Stammering, St Vitus's Dance of the Voice. 
AL«Ot Ficious and incomplete pronunciation, in 
which almost all the consonants are replaced by 
the letten B and L ,* Traulit'mut. 

BALCHUS. Bdellium. 


BALDMONEY, iBthnsa menm. 

BALDNESS, Alopecia, Calyities— b. Limited, 
Porrigo decalrans — b. Partial, Porrigo decalrans. 

6 A LEXAS, Leriathan penis. 

BALIMBAGO, Hibisoos populeni. 


B ALINE UM, Bath. 


BALLISMU8, Chorea. 

BALLISTA, Astragalufl. 

BALLON, Receiver. 

BJaLONNEMENTy Tympanites. 

BAL'LOT A FiE'TIDA, B. mOffa'tU sen a^ro, 

Marti^hium nigruwi, Black Horehonnd, Sttnhtng 
H., (F.) Marmhe notr. This plant is esteemed 
to be antispasmodic, resolvent, and detersive. (?) 

Ballota Lara'ta, Leonu'nu laua'tu*. A 
plant of the Nat. Family, Labiatse, Sex, Sif$t. 
Didynamia Gymnospermia, which grows in Si- 
beria. The whole plant, with tiie exception of 
the root, has been recommended in dropsy, and 
in rheumatism and gout, as a diuretic. It is 
usually given in deeootion (Sm to ^ to f^vUI 
of water.) 

BALLOTTEMBNT, (F.) Agita'tion, Sueeu^^ 
•ion, Mouvement de Ballottement, Bepereu^ eion^ 
means the motion impressed on the foetus in 
utero, by altematdy presung the uterus by 
means of the index ftnger of one hand introduced 
into the vagina; the other hand being applied 
on the abdomen. It is one of the least equivocal 
signs of pregnancy. 

BALL8T0N SPA. This village is situate in 
Saratoga County, New York. The spring Sans 
Souoi belongs to the dass of Acidulous Chaly- 
beates. It contains iodide of sodium. There is 
also a sulphur spring. 

BALM, Melissa — b. Apple, Momordica bal- 
samina— b. Bastard, Mditis Melissophyllum — ^b. 
of Gilead, Solomon's, see Tinotura oardamomi^ 
b. of Gilead, Poplar, Populus candicans — b. of 
Gilead tree, Draoooephalum Canariense — b. In- 
dian, Trillium latifolium — b. Mountain, Monarda 
eoodnea — b. Red, Monarda ooceinea — b. Stinks 
ing, Hedeoma. 

BALMONY, Chelone glabra. 

BALNEA G<ENOSA, Bone dee eaux, 

BALNEARIUM, Hypocaustum. 



BALNEOG'RAPHY, Balneograph'ia, from 
fiaXavuov, 'a bath,' and ypa^tf, 'a description.' 
A description of baths. 

BALNEOL'OGY, Balneolog"ia, from fiaka- 
wtev, 'a bath/ and Xoyot, '* description.' A 
treatise on baths. 

BALNEOTHERAPI'A, from PaXavuev, «a 
bath/ and Btparua, 'treatment' Treatment of 
disease by baths. 

BALNEUM, Bath— b. Addum, Bath, add— 
b. Alkalinum, Bath, alkaline— b. Animals, Bath, 
animal — b. Antipsoricum, Bath, antipsoric — b. 
Anti-syphiliticum, Bath, antisyphilitic — b. Are- 
nsB, Bath, sand-^b. Gelatinosum, Bath, gelatinoui 
— b. MarisB, Bath, water — b. Medicatum, Bath^ 
medicated — ^b. Sulphuris, Bath, sulphur. 

BALSAM, Bal'aamum, Bol'eeon, Bel'eeom, (F.) 
Bawne. This name is given to natural vegetable 
substances, concrete or liquid, but very odorous, 
bitter, and piquant: eomposed of resin, bensoie 
acid, and sometimes of an essential oU; — which 
allow bensoic add to be disengaged by the action 
of heat ; readily dissolved in volatile oil, alcohol, 
and ether; and, when treated with alkalies, afford 
a soluble bensoate, and throw down resin. We 
know of only five balsams : — ^those of Peru, and 
Tola, Bensoin, eoUd Styrax or Storax, and liquid 
Styrax. (See those different words.) There are, 
however, many pharmaceutical preparations and 
resinous substances, possessed of a balsamio 
smell, to which the name baleam has been given ; 
but liiey differ essentially in compodtion and 
properties : henoe the distinction of balsams into 
luUural and arHAdaL The natwral baleam* in- 
clude the five before mentioned; the artificial 
the remainder. 

Balsam, Aoovs'no, BaVeamum Aeoue'tieumf 
(F.) Bavme aeouetiqne, A mixture of fixed and 
essential oils, sulpnnr, and tinctures of fetid 
gums. Used in cases of atonic deafness, dropped 
into the ear. The Ofeauetic baleam of Dr. Hq|^ 




Batb, head— i. Tiide, Bath, tepid— i. Trii /raid, 
Bath, cold — b. de Vapeur, Bath, vapoor. 
Smith is made by mixing three drachmi of ox- 
gaU with one drachm of baltam of Peru. 

Balsam, American, see Myroxylon Pemifemm 
-~b. Anodyne, Bates's Linimentum saponis et 

Balsam, Apoplbc'tic, Bal'»amutn, Apoplec'- 
Itcum, (F.) Baume apopUctique, A medicine 
composed of several haUama properly so called, 
resins, and volatile oils. It is of a stiff consist- 
ence, is worn in ivory boxes about the person, 
and is smelled at in hoadachs, Ac. 

Balsam Apple, Momordica balsamina. 

Balsam op AROCR'ns, BcU'tamum Arcai, Un- 
guen'tum El'tmi, (F.) Baume d*Arc<xu9, A soft 
ointment; sometimes employed in wounds, ul- 
cers, Ac. It is made by melting, with a gentle 
heat, two parts of mutton suet, one of lard, one 
and a half of turpentine, and as much resin. 

Balsam, Canada, see Pinus balsamea — ^b. Ca- 
nary, Draoocephalum Canariense — b. Capivi, 

Balsam of Carpa'thla, Bal'§amum Oarpaih'- 
icuniy (F.) Baume de Carpathie, The resin of 
the Pinus Cembraf a tree, which grows in Swit- 
serland, Libya, and the Krapac mountains in 

Balsam, Chaltb'batb, BaVtamum Ckalyhea*- 
lum, (F.) Baume deader on d^axguiliea, A mix- 
ture of nitrate of iron, alcohol, and oil, prepared 
by dissolving needles in nitric acid. It was for- 
merly employed in frictions in pains of the joints. 

Balsam, Commander's, Tinoturabenioini eom- 
poftita — b. for Cuts, Tinotura benioini oomposita. 

Balsam, Cordial, of Senner'tus, BaVeamum 
Cordia'le Senner'ti, (F.) Baume eordiale de Sen- 
nert. A stimulant medicine,- composed of the 
eitsential oils of citron, cloves, and cinnamon, of 
munk, and ambergris. Dose, 6 to 15 drops. 

Balsam of Firrabras. A celebrated Spanish 
vulnerary balsam, mentioned by Cervantes j the 
composition of which was oil, rosemary, salt and 
wine. (?) 

Balsam, Spir'ituous, op Fioraventi, Bal'- 
§amuin Fioraven'ti «p%rituo'9um, (F.) Baume- de 
Fioraventi spiritueux. Different products of the 
distillation of resinous and balsamic substances, 
and of a number of aromatic substances, pre- 
viouiily macerated in alcohol, have been thus 
called. The Spirituoue Baleam of Fiorarentif 
the only one now used in friction, in chronic 
rheumatism, is the first product of the distillation 
from a snnd-bath. It is entirely alcoholic. The 
Oily Baham of Fioraventi is obtained by re- 
moving the residue, and distilling it in an iron 
vedsel, at a white heat It has the appearance 
of a citrine-coloured oU. The Black BaUam of 
Fioraventi is the black oil, obtained when the 
temperature is sufiicient to carbonize the sub- 
stances in the cucurbit. 

Balsam of Fir, see Pinus balsamea. 

Balsam of Fourcroy or of Labordb, (P.) 
Baume de Fourcroy ou de Lahorde, A kind of 
liniment composed of aromatic plants, balsams, 
resins, aloes, turpentine, theriac, and olive oil. 
Used in chaps of the skin and nipples. 

Balsam, Friar's, Tinctura benzoini composita. 

Balsam of Qexbvii^ve, (F.) Baume de Gene- 
wive. An ointment composed of wax, turpen- 
tine, oil, red saunders, and camphor. Used in 
contused wounds, gangrene, Ac. 

Balsam of Honey (Hill's.) A tincture made 
of tolu, honey (55 Ibj) and •ptVtf, (a gallon.) A 
sectoral, used in coughs. The committee of the 
New York College of Pharmacy recommend the 
following formula: — (Gum, Benzoin, 5v, Bah. 
ToluL |j, Mellis 5viy, Alcohol, Oig— digest for 
10 days and filtcrO See MeL 

Balsam of Horbhound (Ford's.) A lanetart 
of horehoundf liquoriee-rttotf camphor, opium, 
benxoin, dried equilUf oil of aniseed, and aoncy* 
It has the same properties as the abore. 8m 

Balsam, HuNQARiAir, see "Finju mnghos. 

Balsam, Hypnot'ic, BaTeammm Hypnot^iimmf 
(F.) Baume Hypnotiqne. A preparation of which 
opium, hyoscyamus, camphor, and some other 
sedative substances form the basis. It is nscd 
externally in friction, to provoke sleep. 

Balsam, Hystbr'ic, BaVtamum HytUr'iemmm 
(F.) Baume HyHirique, A preparation made of 
opium, aloes, asafoetida, castor, distilled oils of 
rue, amber, Ac. It is held to the nose, applied 
to the navel, or rubbed on the hypogastrinm in 
hysterical cases. 

Balsam, Indian, see Myroxylon pemifemm. 

Balsam of Lbictourb of Condom or Vnrci- 
OUBRE, BaVtamum Leetoren'ef. A strongly stt* 
mulantand aromatic mixture of camphor, 8alfh>n, 
musk, and ambergris, dissolved in essential oik. 
The ancients burnt it for the purpose of purifying 
the air of a chamber, when infected wi^ a disa- 
greeable odour. 

Balsam of Life of Hoff'majt, Bar§ammm 
ViteB Hoffman' ni, (F.) Baume de Vie d'Hoffwum. 
A tincture, composed of essential oils and amber- 
gris, employed internally and externally as a 
stimulant A mixture of essential oils without 
alcohol constitutes the Saron Balsam, BaVaamum 
ojpoplec'tieum, B, aromat'icum, B. cephal'ienwt, B* 
Saxon'icwn, B. nervi'num, B. ScHBRZBRi, B, Ao- 
mach'icum. Employed in friction as a stimulant 

Balsam of Life, Decoctum aloes compositam 
— b. of Life, Turlington's, see Tinctura bensohd 

Balsam of Locatbl'li or Lvcatbl'li, BaP^ 
samum Lueatel'li, (F.) Baume de LucateL A sort 
of ointment, composed of wax, oil, turpentine, 
sherry, and balsam of Peru, coloured with red 
saunders. It was once administered in pulmo- 
nary consumption. 

Balsam of Mecca, see Amyris opobalsamnm 
— b. Mexican, see Myroxylon Peruifenun — h. 
Natural, see Myroxylon Peruiferum. 

Balsam, Green, of Metz, BaVsamum Vir'idi 
3fet€n'sium, BaVsamum Vir'ide, (F.) Baume veri 
de 3fett, Baume de Feuillet, Huile verte, O'lemm 
ox'ydi cupri rir'idf. This is composed of several 
fixed oils, holding, in solution, subcarbonate of 
copper, sulphate of zinc, turpentine, aloes, and 
the essential oils of cloves and juniper. It is 
green and caustic, and is employed to hasten the 
cicatrization of atonic ulcers. 

Balsam, Nephrit'ic, of Fuller, BaVsammm 
Nephret'icum FuUeri. A liquid medicine, com- 
posed of oils, resins, and l^dsams, which have 
experienced an incipient state of carbonization 
from concentrated sulphuric acid. It was given 
in the dose of 15 to 30 drops in certain affections 
of the kidneys. 

Balsam, Nervous, BaVsamum Nertn^nuim, 
(F.) Baume ncrvin ou nerval. A kind of ointment 
composed of fatty bodies, volatile oils, balsam of 
Peru, camphor, Ac, It is employed in firietion 
in cases of sprains and rheumatic pains. 

Balsam, Pabalyt'ic, of Mynsicht. A sor^ 
of liniment or soft mixture of the essential oils 
of different aromatic plants, oils of turpentine 
and amber. — Ldmery. 

Balsam of Parei'ra braya, BaVsamum Pa^ 
rei'rcB brawe. A soft mixture of balsam, resin, 
muriate of ammonia, and powder of the root of 
Pareira brava. It is given internally, to excite 
the urinary secretion. 

Balsam, Peruvian, see Myroxylon Pemife- 
mm — b. of Pern, red, see Toluifera balsamom-^ 
b. of Peru, white, see M^^zylon Pemifemm. 



Balsam of Raokasi'ra or of Bakabi'bi. Thu 
labstaaoo u of a yellowish-brown colour ; semi- 
truijfparent ; fragile, when dry, but softening by 
beat; adhering to ^e teeth, when chewed. It 
has a imell limilar to that of the Balsam of Tola, 
and is slightly bitter. It is brought from India 
in gourd shells, and has been employed in dis- 
eases of the urinary and genital organs, especially 
in gonorrhoea* 

Balsam, Rioa. Prepured from the shoots of 
th^ Scotch Fir, macerated in spirit of wine. In- 
tvnalljff stimulant and diuretic; exUmaUi/, a 
Tolnerary. See Pinus Gembra. 

Balsam op Saturn, BaVtamum ScUur'nu A 
solution of acetate of lead in spirit of turpentine, 
eoacentrated by eraporation ; to which camphor 
hss been added. This balsam was applied to 
hasten the cicatrisation of wounds. 

Balsam or the Samab'itan, (F.) Baume du 
Samaritain, A sort of linimen^ prepared by 
boiling together, at a gentle heat, equal parts of 
vine and oil. It is said to have been the oint- 
ment used by the Samaritan of the Qospel to 
core a patient oorered with ulcers. 

Balsam, Saxok, Balsam of Life of Hoffmann. 

Balsam op Sulphur, Bal'$amum SuVphurit, 
(F.) Banme de Sou/re. A solution of sulphur in 
oil. — B. mUpk. anita'tum, (F.) B, de Sou/re aHi§4, 
A solution of sulphur in essential oil of aniseed ; 
giTcn as a carminatiTe. — B, Sulph, MueetHa'tum, 
(F.) B. de Sou/re ntceini, A solution of sulphur 
ID oil of amber. — B, Sulphuris terebinthina'tum, 
CummoH Dutch Droptf (r,)B,de $ou/re tiribiu' 
tkinf, A solution of sulphur in essential oil of 
tupentine* administered as a diuretic. — The Bal- 
tam of Sulphur of RuLAKD is a solution of sulphur 
In linseed oil or nut oil. 

Balsam op Stm'patht, BaUamvm Sympaih'- 
«eti<v, (F.) Baume de Sjfmpixthie. A balsam, used 
in the days when sympathetic influence was 
strongly belicTcd in. It was composed of the 
rsflpings of a human skull, blood, and human fat, 
and was applied to the instrument which had 
Inflicted the wound. 

Balsam, Thibaut's. A tincture of myrrh, 
sloes, dragon's blood, flowers of St John's wort, 
and Chio turpentine. IntemaUy, diuretic ; eaUer- 
ao//y, rulnerary. 

Balsam op Tolu, see Toluifera Balsamum. 

Balsam, Tranquil, Bal'tamum ,tranqu%Vlum 
sen tranquiPlarUf (F.) B. tranquillen A liquid 
medicine employed, externally, in the shape of 
friction : it is prepared by macerating and boil- 
bg, in oUtc oil, narcotic and poisonous plants, — 
belladonna, mandragora, hyoscyamns, Ac — and 
aflerwards infusing, in the filtered decoction, 
different aromatic plants. It was employed as 
so anodyne. 

Balsam, Turket, Dracocephslum Canariense. 

Balsam op TuR'PBNTiirB, Dutch Dropa, BaV- 
9amum Terchin' ihituB. Obtained by distilling 
oil of tarpentine in a glass retort, until a red 
balsam is left. It possesses the properties of the 

Balsam, VxRTAnr's, Tinctura Bensoinl eom- 

Balsam, Vxtl'kerart, op Mikdbre'rus, BaV^ 
,saM«M ffulnera'riwn Mindertfri, (F.) B. vtdni- 
raire de MiNDERBR. A kind of liniment, com- 
posed of turpentine, resin elemi, oil of St. John's 
wort, and wax. Employed in friction, and as a 
dressing to wounds. 

Balsam Weed, Impadens fulva — b. Wound, 
Cnctnra Benzoin! composita. 

Amyris Gileadensis — b. Myrrha, see Myrrha. 


BALSAMELiBON, Myroxylon Peniifemm. 

BALSAM'IG, BaUam'ieu; from fiaXvapWf 
'balsam.' Possessing the qualities of balsams. 
BaUamte odour: — a sweet, faint, and slightly 
nauseous smeU. ^aJtamte eubetanee : — one re- 
sembling the balsams in property. 

BALSAMIER J^L^MIF^RE, Amyris elemi- 
fera — 6. de la Mecque, Amyris opobalsamum. 

BALSAMINA, Momordica balsamina. 

BALSAMINE, Momordica balsamina. 

BALSAMITA FCEMINE A, Achillea ageratum 
— b. Msjor, Tanacetum balsamita — b. Mas, Ta- 
nacetum balsamita. 

Balbami'ta Suat'eoleks, B. odora'ta, B. nut' 
riM, Mentha Saracen'tca, M. Boma'na, Fam, 
CompositsB CorymbifersB. Sex. Siftt. Syngenesia 
Polygamia superflua. A plant, common in the 
south of France, and cultivated in the gardens ; 
where it bears the names Menthecoq, Grand 
baumCf Baume dee Jardine. Its smell is strong 
and aromatic, and taste hot. It is used for the 
same purposes as tansey, i. e. as a stimulant, ver- 
mifuge, Ac. 

Balsamita Suatbolens, Tanacetum balsa- 
mita — b. Vulgaris, Tanacetum balsamita. 


BALSAMUM, see Balsam, Amyris opobalsa- 
mum — ^b. ^gyptiacum, see Amyris opobalsamum 
b. Album, see Myroxylon Pemiferum — b. Alpini| 
Dr'acocephalum Canariense — b. Alpini, see Amy- 
ris opobalsamum — b. Anodynum, Linimentum 
saponis et opii — b. Apoplecticum, Balsam of life 
of Hoffmann — b. Aromatieum, Balsam of life of 
Hoffmann — b. Asiaticum, see Amyris opobalsa- 
mum — b. Brasiliense, Copaiba — b. Calaba, see 
Fagara oetandra — b. Canadense, see Pinus bal- 
samea — b. Catholioum, Tinctura benxoini com- 
posita — b. Cephalicum, Balsam of life of Hoff- 
mann — ^b. CopaibsB, Copaiba — ^b. Genuinum anti- 
quorum, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Hyperici 
simplex, see Hypericum perforatum — b. Judai- 
cum, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Libani, sea 
Pinus oembra — b. Mariss, see Fagara oetandra — 
b. e Meccft, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Mer- 
curiale, Unguentum hydrargyri nitratis — b. Ner- 
▼inum. Balsam of life of Hoffmann — b. Opodel- 
doc, Linimentum saponis camphoratum — b. Oph- 
thalmieum rubrum, Unguentum hydrargyri ni- 
trico-ozydi — ^b. Persieum, Tinctura bensoinl com- 
posita — b. Peruanum, see Myroxylon Pemiferum 
b. Satuminum, Unguentum plumbi snperacetatii 
— b. Soheneri, Balsam of life of Hoflhiann — b. 
Btomachioum, Balsam of life of Hoffmann — b. 
Stjrracis, Styrax — ^b. Styracis bensoini, Benjamin 
b. Suocini, see Suecinum — b. Sulphuris Barba- 
dense, Petroleum sniphuratum — b. Sulphuris 
simplex, Oleum sniphuratum — b. Syriacum, see 
Amyris opobalsamum — b. Tolutanum, see Tolu- 
ifera balsamum — b. Tranquillans sen Tranquil- 
lum. Balsam, tranquil — b. Traumaticnm, Tinctura 
benzoini composita — b. Universale, Unguentum 
plumbi superacetatis — b. Viride, Balsam, green^ 
of Metz ; see Fagsra oetandra. 
BALSEM, Amyris opobalsamum. 
BAMBA, Bamboo. 
BAMBALIA, Balbuties. 
BAMBA'LIO, Bam'balo, Baia'tro, fk^m 0aff 
/SacvM, 'I speak inarticulately.' One who stam- 
mers or lisps, or utters inarticulate sounds. Ao- 
cording to Krausb, one who speaks as if he had 
pap in his mouth, or as if the tongue were para- 

BAMBOO, rF.) Bambou, Bamhu. Fam. Grft- 

minesB. Sex. Syet. Hexandria Monogynia. Ths 

young shoots of Bamboe arundina'eeaf Arun'do 

bamboe, Bamhu'ea arundina'eeOf and of Bambo9 

I vtrticiUa'ta, oontain a saoohari&e pith, of whidh 


Ola pcopla of both the Indin m *ai7 bnil 
Tbev ais BomBlimta nuds inUi ■ [oakls. 

TerticillaU. BMoboo. 


BAMIX MOBCUATA, IlibiMiu abelmiMcbiu. 

BAMMA, from ffam, ' I plonga," a piiat ; a 
dye.' AncienUj.Uquidgwureiocalkd.m- ■' ' 


wwdi b; ths deMire ind mwrwJ mallwdi abnt 
BANDAQE DlTISrF, DlTidlng bud^a— 

A. m ilolaiVc, Dolnirt. 

BlBDAaB, EiBHTKiM-TAiLtD, /'lu'n'a aeta#- 
eein tapifOna, (F.) Bmdagt i da AnI e»r/'fc 
Thii bsnda^ ii mads of a longitadina] portM 



roller! « 

I the valgvt, t 

tham. In ihacaMof tea,foriD>tBi]M,i 
braad is dipped, the lea would ba Uia bamMb 

BAXANA, Hnaa upientDm. 

BAXANIEB, Muu eapientam. 

BANAUSIA, Charlatanry. 


BANCAL, (9.) One vho hu dorarmnd legs. 
(( j|. .. .^._ .... __,_.._ , .. 

BAiVCBOCffE, (F.) A Tolgar epithet for a 
riokety indiridual. 

BAND, PRIMITIVE, laa Narva Ftbni. 

BAN'DAOG, Jhmma, Sgnda-mu,, Hgpoda' 
nr>, Hgpadama, Hypoda'mvM, (tha iMt three 
Blgnifj ]iroperIy an under bandage.] A binder, 
fnm Sm. bindan, 'to bind.' Thia word, irith 
the French, ii generally need to eipreei the me- 
thodical application of rollers, compreaaes, Ae., 
Ban'dtiging, St/n'detit, to fix ao apparatna upon 
any pjul, — eoiraspooding to the words dtilffa'liot 
/oKia'd'u, /atcin'nuH appliea'lio, tpid'aa. With 
n* the naud iininally applied to the result of the 
aoDlicalinu, or to the bandage itself ;— a sense in 
h the French employ the word jGnnde. Bpn- 
••ipU or compound. The simple Mu- 
i, if the torna Kra applied eircularly 
above eiKb other; uHequal, if the turns are not 
amuralelj applied upon eaoh other. It exh tnm 
of the bimdagfl be only covered one-third, it 
forma the dolairt of the French ; if the adgea 
touch only aliKbHyr ■( i* ^^ aoant; if (he tnrna 
are very obUnue and aeparaled, it ia the ipiral 
or ertepiag, (F.) rampant; if folded upon each 
other, it i« termed the rectrtd, (F.) rmitr.^. 
By UDiting various kinds of bandaging, we have 
the coMpouMd; and these compound handagfca 

figure, or of the parts to which they are applied, 
u eapittfum, tpiea, kc. Bandages are divided, 

BiHDAOE or KoLLKR, Fai/cia, Ttt'nia, Epi- 
dtt'mot, Vin'euluia, the Bandt of the French, ia 
derived from (O.) binden, 'lo bind.' It ma; 
ba made of lioeD, flannel, or other atnff capable 
of offering a oertuu rasistanca. The two eitra- 
milJes of a, bandage are called laiU, (F.) chr/i, 
■ud the rolled part is termed ite iiad, (F.ighU. 
If rolled at both aitremiljea, it is called a doMt. 
iHMided rotUr or ba-dagt, (F.) Bandt d drux 

BAXDiaR, BonT, Manti'lt, (P.) Bamlagi dr, 
Cnrpt, is used for filing dresiinga, Ac, to the 
trunk. It is farmed of a towel, napkin, or some 
Urge compresa, folded three or four times; tbe 
Bitremitien of which are fastened by pina. Tbia 
ia again fiiedbj means of the •mpBiflcj iaiiAi^, 
which ia nothing more than an ordinary ban- 
dage, Atitobed to the anterior and middle part 
of the napkin, passing over the clavicles and 
behind the head, to be attached to the back part 

> very naefid 
I done irltlnM 

of the part as ia requii 
bandage, inasmuch aa ii 
disturbing tbe part. 

BiNDASE, OALER'a, B.foT Ou Poor, Fa^elu 
SaWni sea />au'Hniii, (F.) Bandagt dt Adies 
on da Paavret, Oa'Ua, la t, kind of twimlltt or 
hood, (F.) OiKvrwAr/, divided into tbrM pwU 
on each aide ; or which GlLia hu givsn a d>- 
eeription. Sea Caocer, Oaleni. 

Bimnat, Herittal, ace Tbuii — b. Imn*- 
Table, Appantna, immovable. 

Bahdioi, iN'ecnraL, Fai^eia ingaino'lit. A 
bandage for keeping dreaainga a[^ed to Um 
groin. It eonaista of >■ cinetare, to which ia tt- 
taehed a triangular compress, adapted for eoveaw 
ing the groin. To the lower eitremity of tbia, 
one or two bandagea are attached, whleli pass 
thigh, and are Died to the posterfar 
" ■ ' ' may be althW 

' the cincture. This bondage may b< 
or double. 
tr bandagea will he found dCMrlbed ui 


TE'Ttifl, fo.'r.'a/aMi' 
Saillr-ll, (E.) Band, 

hnndt/ettet wtporifM cm 
r. inii IB lurmed of linen atrip*, tuik 
if surrounding once and a half tha put 
they hiLTa to be applied, and plaead 

their wiiith. It ia used chiefly for trae- 
jniring frequent dreasing, 
(IE, UsoEH, Hypudeamia— 

e Bajidage — b. Doctrine at, 

BAN'UAQIST. One whoae bneineas it ia la 

BANDE; Bandage. The word Bnadt, ia 
anatomy, it used by the French for various nar- 
row, flat, and elongated eipanaiona. Bamdl 
d' If II loilorr, ia a iiind of bandage for aupportlng 

BAXBEAP,CF.) Akiudofrimpleliuidaga, 
which consisls of a piece of cloth, folded foni 
times, Hod Hpplled round the head. There il 
nl^o (he Bandtnn ou itouehoir m Iriaiiglr at 
triangjdnr bnudnm, a hind of couvrechef, made 
of a square piece of cloth, or of a handkerchief; 
folded dlagonntiy, and applied roand the head. 

BAXDEIETTEAV.) DiminuUve of .Boaii^ ' 
Faneinta, Ta-mnh, VUia ,- a narrow budag^ 
atrip, or fillet. Also Tvnla aemicirenluis. 

small strips, covered with a glutinous plaster. 
Vina aggUtinw'ta. See AgglutinanL 

of linen, notched on one edge, and covered, on 
They an apiJled Is 



bead; Aod ia employed 
*c., of the limba. Whenei 

E, CairpRKsarfs, or Roller, Ft 
a aen eoacolo'lo, (F.) Bandage . 
mail, ia tbe aimple rollrr with 

if ulcers, varires, I Si 

roller ii applied 


It from 

la lower part «( Iba limba, it is euriad up- 1 brial*. 

a aemicircularia — b.dtt Chmtt d'ammon. Corpus 
nbriatum— i. drt ^minatca pyriformt*, Tanlk 
sularis — b. da IBippoeampt, Coipoi* lln> 




BA2TBUBA, KepMitiui dMtUlAtoria. 

BANOT-LEaOED, Cnemoscolioui. 

BAXBBE&&Y, Aetna spioato. 

BANGUB, Bkang, Banffi or Beug, Sedhee, 
Mjtt. Adanaon belieres this to be the Nepen- 
il«« of the aacienti. The lai^eet leaves and cap> 
aoiee without the stalks of CaH*nabi§ In'diea, 
(9,) Chammr9 Inditn, Indian hemp, probably iden- 
tkal with C to/^va. FamilVf Urticess. Stx, Syft. 
hvmcm PentandruL The leaTes and flowers of 
Cannabis are narcotic and astringent They are 
shewed and smoked. The seeds, mixed wiUi 
ei«u% arecat and sugar, produce a kind of in- 
texieation, and are used for this purpose by the 
people of India. An alcoholic extract of the 
plant, CkmrruB, has been used in India, and since 
then io Europe and in this country as a narootic, 
and anti-convulsiTc, in the dose of from half a 
grain to ten or more. It requires, howoTer, great 
eaatiofi in its administration. The pure resin — 
OisaaoKnc — ^is active in the dose of two-thirds of 
a grain. 

The dried plant, which has flowered, and from 
which the resin has not been removed, called 
Oimiak or Oanjak, Hatekitekf Hatehick, Haehitch 
«r vluiMchitk, of the Arabs, consists of the tops 
and tender pwts only of the plant» collected im- 
Bsdiately alter inflorescence, and simply dried. 

BANICA, Pastinaca sativa. 




In Brazil and the Antilles, passes for a powerful 
■adorifie, and an antidote to the poison of ser- 

idea — ^b. Speciosa, Costus. 

Banni^res is a village in Qnercy, diocess of Ca- 
hors, France. The waters are probably chaly- 
beate. They are celebrated in amenorrhoea, 
cachexia, jaundice, Ac. 

BA'OBAB, Adan»o'n\a digita'ta, of Africa; 
2fttt. OnL BombacesB ; one of the largest produc- 
tions of the vegetable kingdom. Its fruit is 
caUed, in the country, Pain de tinge. The pulp 
is tonrishy and agreeable to eat : and a refreshing 
drink is made from it, which is used in fevers. 
Proepero Alpxni and Br. L. Frank think that the 
Terra Lemnia was prepared, in Egypt, from the 
palp. All the parts of the Baobab abound in 
mncalage. The bark has been given as a substi- 
tate for cinchona. 

BAPTISIA LBUCANTIIA, see Sophora tinc- 
toria — ^b. Tinctoria, Sophora tinctoria. 


BARAQUETTB, (F.) A name given by Ra- 
sous, physician at Nismes in France, to a catar- 
rhal epidemy, which occurred there in 1761. Bee 

BARATHRON, Jnniperus sabina. 


BARB A, Beard — ^b. Aaronis, Arum maoulatum 
^-h. Capne, Spiraoa ulmaria — b. Hirci, Tragopo- 
gon — b. Jovis, Sempervivum tectomm. 

BARBADOBS, see West Indies — b. Leg, see 

BARBARBA, Erysimum Barbarea— b. Stricta, 
Brysimum Barbarea. 

BARBAROS'SAS PIL'ULiB, Barharo^ttee 
PiU: An ancient eomposition of quicksilver, 
rhubarb, diagridinm, musk, Ac. It was the first 
latornal mereufial medicine, which obtained any 
ical credit. 

BAEBE, Beard— ^. de ^o«ie, Tragopogon. 

BAMBEAU, Oyaans segetnm. 

BARBBR-CHIRUR'aBONa A Corporatloa 
of London, instituted by king Edward IV. The 
barbers were separated from the surgeons, by 18 
Geo. II., 0. 15 ; and the latter were erected into 
9kRojfal CoUegt o/Surgtont at the commencement 
of the present century. 

BARBERS, ARMY, see Bathers. 

These mineral waters are half a league from 
Nantes. They contain carbonic aoid, chlorides 
of magnesium and sodium, sulphate of magnesia, 
carbonates of magaesiay lime, and iron. They 
are used as cbalybeates. 

BARBERRY, Oxycantha Galeni— b. Ameri- 
can, see Oxycantha GalenL 

BARBIERS. A variety of paralysis chiefly 
prevalent in India ; and by many considered to 
be the same as Beriberi. Beriberi is commonly 
an acute disease. Barbiers is generally chronic. 


BAR-BONE, Pubis, os. 

BARBOTINE, Artemisia Santonica. 

BARBULA CAPRINA, Spirna ulmaria. 



BARD AN A, Arctium lappa — b. Minor, Xan- 


Bar6ges is a village in the department of Hanies 
Pyrenees, near which are several springs. They 
are sulphureous and thermal, the heat varying 
from 85<» to 112<> Fahrenheit They contun 
chlorides of magnesium and sodium, sulphates 
of m^nesia and lime, carbonate of lime, sul> 
phur, Ac. These springs have long eqjoyed a 
high reputation, and are daily advised in cutane- 
ous and scrofulous affections, Ac. 

Factitious BARioas Water, Aqua Baregim 
nen'M, (F.) Eau de Barf get. ig made by adding, 
hvdrotulphuretted water, f5iv, to pure toatery 
f^xvijss, earhonatt of eodat gr. xvj, chloride of 
todium, gr. ss. Bottle closely. 

BARGADA, Convolvulus pes capri®. 

BARGOU. An alimentary preparatiun formed 
of ground oats, boiled to a proper consistence 
with water. 


BARII CHLORIDUM, Baryta, muriate of-~ 
b. lodidum, Baryta, hydriodate of. 

BARILLA, Soda — b. Alicant, Soda — b. Car- 
thagena, Soda — b. Turkey, Soda. 


BARIUM, Ba'rynm, Baryt'ium, Pluto'niun^ 
from fiofms, 'heavy.' The metallic base of ba- 
ryta, so cidled from the great density of its com- 

Barium, Chloride of. Baryta, muriate of— 
6. Chlorure de, Baryta, muriate of-~b. Iodide oS, 
Baryta, hydriodate of— b. Protoxide of, Baryta. 

BARK, Cinchona — b. Bitter, Pinokneya pu- 
bens — b. Calisaya, Cinchonss cordifoliee cortex— 
b. CaribsDan, Cinchonn CaribsBss cortex — b. Car- 
thagena, see Cinchona — b. Crown, Cinchona 
lancifoliffi cortex — b. Elk, Magnolia glauca — b. 
Essential salt of, see Cinchona — b. Florida, 
Pinckneya pnbens — b. Georgia, Pinekncya pu- 
bens — b. Gray, see Cinchona — b. Huanuco, see 
Cinchona-" b. Indian, Magnolia glauea — b. Je- 
suit's, Cinchona — b. Loxa, CtnchonsB lancifoliss 
cortex — b. Pale, Cinchonss lancifoliss cortex — b. 
Maraeaybo, see Cinchona — b. Peruvian, Cincho- 
na — b. Pitaya, Cinchonss Caribisse cortex — b. 
Red, Cinchonss oblongifoliss cortex — b. Saint 
Lucia, Cinchonss Caribssss cortex — b. Santa 
Martha, see Cinchona— b. Silver, see Cinchona 
— b. Yellow, Cinchous oordifolisi cortex. 





BARLEY, PEARL, see Hordeam—b. Scotch, ; 
Hordeum — b. Water, Decoctam hordeL 

BARM, Yeat 

net ia not far from London. The water is of a 
pur^ng quality, like that of Epsom, and about 
half the strength. 

BAROMAGROM'ETER, Pmdobaromaerom'^ 
•tor, Poidom'eterf from fiapof, 'weight,' fiaKpof, 
'long,' and turpop, 'measure.' An instrument 
invented by Stein to indicate the length and 
weight of a new-bom infant. 

BAROM'ETER, Baro9cop*iwHj Ba'ro§eope, 
from 0apos, 'weight,' and fitrpov, 'measure.' (F.) 
Baromltre, An instrument which measures the 
weight of the air. A certain degree of density in 
this medium is necessary for health. When we 
ascend high mountains great inconvenience is 
experienced, owing to the diminished density. 
Changes of this character are indicated by the 
Barometer or weather-glass. 

BA'ROS, &apoif ' heaviness.' Employed by the 
Greek physicians to designate the feeling of las- 
situde and heaviness observable in many diseases. 
•—Hippocrates, Galen. 

BAROSCOPE, Barometer. 

BAROSMA CRENATA, Diosma crenata. 

BAROTES SALITUS, Baryta, muriate ofl 

BARRASf see Pinus sylvestris. 

ia a small town, six leagues from Strasburg. 
The waters are thermal, and contain much iron, 
calcareous salt, Ac They are diuretic and tonic. 

BAB RE (F.) Barrure, Vara, 'a bar.' A pro- 
jection or prolongation of the symphysis pubis : 
^Hk deformity rendering delivery difficult. 

BARREE (F.) A term applied, in France, 
to a female whose pelvis has the deformity de- 
•cribed under Barre. 

BARRjSeS, (DENTS.) The molar teeth, 
when the roots are spread or tortuous, so that 
they cannot be extracted without being broken ; 
or without a portion of the alveolar arch being 


BARRENNESS, Sterilitas. 

BARROS, Terra Portugallica. 

BARRURE, Barre. 

BARTON'S FRACTURE, see Fracture of the 
Radius, Barton's. 

BARYCOOCALON, Datura stramonium. 

BARYCOITA, Baryecoia. 

BARYECOI'A, Baryeoi'ta, BradyeeoCa, Pa- 
racu'^ia obtu'naf Ditecoi'af Dywcos'o, Audi'tu» 
diffie'^iliM, Obnudi'tiOf OhaudVtua, A, gravi§, A. 
imminu'tu9f Hypocopho' mxMj Hypochyro'tiMf (F.) 
Duretf d* Oreille, from /3ap«(, 'heavy,' and 0x017, 
*heu-ing.' Hardness of hearing, incomplete 
deafness. Seo Cophosis, and Deafness. 

BARYGLOSSIA, Balbuties, Baryphonia. 

BARYI HYDRAS lODATI, Baryta, hydrio- 
date of. 

BARYLALIA, Baryphonia. 

BARYOD'YNE, from fiapvt, 'heavy/ and •ivm, 
'pain.' A dull, heavy pain. 

BARYPHO'NIA, Baryglot'na, Baryla'iia, 
Itoque'la impedVta^ from /Sapvr, ' heavy,' and ^ww?, 
'voice.' Difficulty of voice or speech. 

BARYPICRON, Artemisia abrotanum. 

BARYSOMATIA, Polysarcia adiposa. 

BARYSOMATICA, Polysarcia adiposa. 

BARY'TA, from ^apwj, 'heavy,' Terra ponde- 
ro'ffo, Bary'tetf Protox'ide of Ba'rium, Heavy 
Earth, Ponderout Earth, (F.) Baryte, Barite, 
Terre peaante. This earth and its soluble salts 
are all highly eoiroaiva poiaoni. It ia never em- 

ployed in medieine in the poro itato. When ex- 
ternally applied, it is canstio, like potaam Mid 

Bary'ta, Carbokatb of, BaryftB Car'homatf 
(F.) Carbonate de Baryte, is only used offioina]^ 
to obtain the muriate. 

Baryta, Hydri'odatb op, Barytm ffydricdmt, 
Baryta Hydriod'iea, Hydra* Baryi lodafti, (jm, 
the dry state, — Iodide of Bariumf Barii IttvU 
dum, B. loda'tum^) has been given in serofoloat 
and similar morbid conditions. It may be admi- 
nistered internally in the dose of one eighth of % 
grain three or four times a day, and be apfdied 
externally to scroftilous swellings, in the forM cf 
ointment, (gr. iv to ^ of lard.) 

Baryta Hydriodica, Baryta, hydriodate e£ 

Baryta, Mu'riatb or HrnRocHLOKAra of, 
Bary'ta mu'riat, OhWride of Ba*riwm, BaffU 
Chlo'ridHm (Ph. U. 6.), Chh'ruret of Ba^rimm, 
Terra pondero'ea talVta sen miin'a'fa, Sal mmr^ 
at'iettm barot'icum, Baro'tet §ali*tm9f (F.) Cklo^ 
rure de barium, is the combination chiefly used. 
The Muriate of Baryta may be formed as follows: 
Baryt. Carbon, in frustnlis, Ibj, Acid, JfurimL 
t^xij, Aqv4B, Oiy. Biix the acid with the water, 
and gradually add the Carbonate of Baryta. To- 
ward the close of the effervescence, apply a gentle 
heat, and, when the action has ceased, filter tke 
liquor, and boil it down so that erystals may foim 
as it cools. Ph. U. S. 

It is given in the form of the Solu'tio Mmriaftia 
Baryta, Liquor Barii Ohio'ridi, Ph. U. 8., AfM 
baryt4B mnria'tit, (F.) Solution de Muriate de 
Baryte, {Muriate of Baryta, one part ; dietiOed 
water, three parts,) and is employed in seroftilons 
cases, worms, and cutaneous diseases. Exter- 
nally, to fhngotts ulcers and to specks on the 

Baryt^b Carbonas, Baryta (Carbonate) — K 
Hydriodas, Baryta, hydriodate of — b. Hnriai^ 
Baryta, muriate of. 

BAR YTE, BaryU— 6. Carbonate de, Baiyt* 
carbonate ot 

BARYTHMIA, Melancholy. 

BARYTIUM, Barium. 

BARYUM, see Barium. 

BAS'FOND, see Urinary Bladder. 

BAS-LASSE, Stocking, laced. 

BAS VENTRE, Abdomen. 

BASAAL. The name of an Indian tree, the 
decoction of whose leaves, in water, with ^tnt, 
is used as a gargle in diseases of the fanoes. The 
kernels of the fruit are vermljfuge. 

BASANASTRA'GALA, from fietra^t, 'tortore^' 
and ampayaXoi, ' the astragalus.' Pain in the ankle 
joint ; gout in the foot. 

BASANIS'MOS, from /Joravc^eir, 'to explore. 
'A touch-stone.' Investigation or examinatioBf 
— Hippocrates, Galen. 

BASE, Ba»i9, from /?aitt#, < I proceed,' ' I rsst»' 
' I support myself.' That which serves as a fooa- 
dation or support That which enters, as a prin- 
cipal matter, into a mixture or combixiation. In 
anatomy, it is employed in the former sense, as 
Baee of the Cranium, Bate of the Brain — Bmeit 
sen Pavimen'tum eere'bri; Bate of a proeeet, S^tf 
Bane of the heart — Bcuie vel coro'iia eordie. In 
the art of prescribing, Baeie is the chief snbstanee 
which enters into a compound formula. 


BA8IATI0, Coition. 

BASIATOR, Orbicularis oris. 

BASIL, BUSH, Ooymum earyophyllatam— bw 
Citron, Ocymum basilioum — b. Common, 0^- 
mum basilicum — b. Small, Ocymnm earyophylhfc- 
torn— b. Wild, Chenopodinm mlsare— b. WIU^ 




OmilA w»«>*M>* — K Wild, Pyenaiitiieiiiiim in- 

BASTLAJ>f a«e Basilar Aspect 

BAS'ILAB, Bania'ri9, Bas'tlary, (F.) Baai^ 
lain. That which belongs to the base, firom 
9«n(y 'baae.' This name has been given to seve- 
nl parts, which seem to serve as basis to others. 
The saefun and sphenoid hare been hence so 

Basilar Abtkut, A, batila'rit, A. eerviea'lity 
(F.) Artire on Trome baeilaire, A» meaoeiphalique 
(Ch.) The union of the two yertebral arteries. 
It ascends along the middle groove on the infe- 
rior surface of the tuber, and is supported, be- 
neath by the Fo—a basilarit. It terminates in 
the posterior eerebral arteries. 

Basilar Abprct, An aspect towards the base 
of the head. — Barclay. BaaUad is used adverbi- 
sUy by the same writer to signify 'towards t^e 
basilar aspect.' 

Basilar Fossa, (F.) OouuHrt ou Fotae ha»i- 
ktirtj is the upper surface of the basilary process, 
— eo called beoaose it is channeled like a Fona 
or GutUr. The Tuber annulare rests upon it 

Basilar Procbss, Proee§'w$ hanla'rit o$9%» 
wetip'itUf P. eunm/or'mU otit occ\p'iti», (F.) 
ApopkjfM BatUaire, Prolongement totu-oeeipitalf 
(ViMt/orM Proeettf is the bony projection, formed 
by the inferior angle of the os ocoipitiB, which is 
srtiealated with the sphenoid. 

Basilar Sihvs, Sinus transversus. 

Basilar Surtacr, fF.) SnrfatB ha9%la%re, is 
the inferior surface of toe process. It is covered 
by the mucous membrane of the pharynx. 

Basilar V krtxbra. The last vertebra of the 

BASIL'IC, BatU'iew, from ffan^tKog, < royal.' 
This name was given, by the ancients, to parts 
vhich they ooneeived to play an important part 
ifi the animal economy. 

Basilic Veiw, Vena hatiVieaf V, eu'hiti inte'- 
rioTf (F.) Veine Ba*ilique, Veine cubitale cuta- 
m(t of Chaussier. This vein is one of those on 
which the operation of blood-letting is performed. 
It is situate at the internal part of the fold of the 
elbow, in front of the humeral artery, and is 
fim&ed by the anterior and posterior evhital 
MiM, and by the median hasilie. It terminates, 
b the arm-pit) in the axillary vein. The an- 
eteats thought, that the basilic of the right arm 
had some connexion with the liver, and hence 
tiiey called it krpatie. The vein of the left arm, 
for a similar reason, they called tplenic. The 
Median Batilie Vein, (F.) Veine midiane bcun- 
U}««, is one of the branches of the preceding 
vein. It jorns the median cephalic at an acute 
angle, or rather by a transverse branch, and re- 
ceives some branches of the deep radial and cu- 
bital veins, and a eonsiderable subcutaneous vein 
-the eammon median. 

BASILIC COMMUN, Ocymum basiUcum— 6. 
Smnage, grandj Chenopodium vulgare. 

BASIL'ICONf BatiViewn, < Royal,' or of 
great virtue. An ointment, composed of yellow 
wax, bla«k pitch, and resin, of each one part, 
olive oil, four parts. Hence it was called Un- 
fnen'tnm Teiraphar*macumf {rsrpa^mpfuutaf 'four 
dmgi.') — Celsns. Scribonius Largus. 

Basilicoh, Banliewn, of the Parisian Codex, 
il the Ongmemi de Poix et de Oire, In most Phar- 
■acopceias, it is represented by the Ungtten'tum 
or Oera'tnm Beei'noB. It is used as a stimulating 
ointment See Ceratum Besinss, and Ungnen- 
tuB Reoins Nigne. 

BASILICUM, Basilioon, Oeymnm Basilieum 
^b^ Citratom, Ocymum basilieum — b. Hi^us, 
Ocynnm basilieum. 

BASILIS0U8» SjphUifl. 


'base,' Ktpas, 'comu,' and yXwvtfo, 'tongue.' A 
name given to a part of the hyoglossus, which is 
inserted into the comu of the os hyoides and base 
of the tongue. 

BASIOCES'TRUM, from Pacif, 'the base,' 
and Ktarpa, 'a dart' An instrument for opening 
the head of the foetus in utero, invented by Mea- 
ler, a German. 

BA'SIO-GLOS'SUS, HypaelogMtue, Hyoha^ 
eioglouuSf Ypaeloglo^atUy from, finets, 'base,' and 
Y^^^eva, * the tongue.' A name formerly given to 
the portion of the hyoglossus which is inserted 
into the baae of the os hyoides. — Riolan, Thomas 
Bartholin e. See Lingual Muscle. 

BA8I0 PHARYNGiB'US, from fiamn, 'base,' 
and ^a^-^t 'the pharynx.' A name given to 
some fibres of the constrictor pharyngis mediua. 
— Winslow. 

BASIS, see Prescription— -b. Cerebri, Base of 
the Brain— b. Cordis, Radix cordis — b. Corporis, 

BASSI-COL'ICA. Name of a medicine com- 
posed of aromatics and honey. — Soriboniui 

BASSIA BUTTRACEA, see Spirit, (Arrack.) 

BA8SIN, Pelvis— 6. Oeutairej Scaphium oou- 

BASSINERy to foment 

BASSINET, Pelvis of the kidney, Rannnonlus 

BAS'SORA, GUM. A gum, obtained from % 
plant unknown, which came originally from the 
neighbourhood of Bassora, on the Gulf of Per- 
sia, whence its name. It is in irregularly shaped 
pieces, white or yellow, and intermediate in its 
transparency between gum Arabic and gum tra- 
gacanth. Only a small portion is soluble in 
water. The insoluble portion is a peculiar prin- 
ciple, called BoMorin. It is not' used in medi- 
cine,* bat bassorin enters into the composition of 
several substances. 

BASSORIN, see Bassora gum. 


BATA, Musa Paradisiaoa. 

BATABAS, Solannm tuberosum. 

BATA'TAS. The inhabitants of Pern gave 
this appellation to several tuberous roots, espe- 
cially to Convolvultu Batatas or Stoeet Potato, 
Our word, PotaiOf comes from this. 

toral Drops, Bateman's. 

BATERION, Bathron. 

saponis et opii. 

BATH, Anglo-Saxon, baid, BaVneumy Bala- 
n«'t(m, Baline'um, Loutronf (F.) Bain. Immer- 
sion, or stay, for a longer or shorter duration, of 
the whole or a part of the body, in some medium, 
as water. Act of plunging into a liquid, sand, 
or o^er substance, in which it is the custom to 
bathe, Plunge Bath. Also, the vessel in which 
t^e water is put for bathing. Also, a public or 
private estabtishment for bathing. 

In Pharmacy f a vessel, placed over a fire, and 
filled with any substance, into which another 
vessel is placed, containing matten for digestion, 
evaporation, or distUlation. 

Bath, Acid, Bal'neum a^'idum {AcicL muriaL 
Iby ; A^tMB, cong. Ixvi. One half, one third, or 
one fourth the quantity of acid is more frequently 

Bath, Acid, Scott's, see Scott's Acid But^. 

Bath, Air, Hot, see Bath, hotr— b. Air, wann, 
see Bath, hot 

Bath, AL'KALin, Bal'neum alkalt'nuwu Thil 




may be made of half a pound or a pound of pearl- 
a*h or of carbofuxte of toda, to sixty-fliz ^lonB 
of water. 

Bath, Ax'isi a.l, Balneum Anima'U, oonsUts in 
wrapping an animal recently killed, or its skin, 
around the body, or some part of it. 

Bath, Antipsor'ic, Jial'Heum antipto'rieum. 
Recommended in cases of itch and other cuta- 
neous diKeuses. {Potcut. MtUpharet, ^iv, Aquit 
oong. Ix.) 

Bath, Astisyphilit'ic, BaVncum antisyphilit*- 
tcum, Ilercn'n'al bath. Made by dissolving from 
two drachms to an ounce of the corrosive chloride 
of mercury in sixty gallons of water. 

Bath, A km, Brachilu'vium. A bath for the arm. 

Bath, Cold, see Bath, hot — b. Cool, see Bath, 

Bath, Dry, is one made of ashes, salt, sand, 
Ac. The ancients used these frequently for the- 
rapeutical purposes. 

Bath, Earth, Arcnatio. 

Bath, Elec'tric, (F.) Bain (Uctrique, consists 
in placing the person upon an insulated stool, 
communicating, by a metallic wire, with the 
principal conductor of the electrical machine in 
action. The Electric Bath produces general ex- 
citement of all the functions, and especially of 
the circulation and secretions. 

Bath, Foot, Pedilu'm'um, (F.) Bain de Pied, 
a bath fur the feet. 

Bath, Gelat'inous, Bal'neum gelatino'aum. 
Made by disi^olving two pounds of gelatin in a 
gallon of iratt'r, 

. Bath. General, (F.) Bain Entier, is one in 
which the whole body is plunged, except the 
head ; in contradistinction to the partial bath, 
Jlerohalane'utHf 3ff:robal'neunu 

Bath, Half, Semien'pium, Excathia'ma, In- 
eet'tio, Inre^MHM^ is one adapted for half the body. 
One, for receiving only the hips or extremities, is 
also so called. 

The Sitz-hatK (0.) Sitibad, of the hydropa- 
thists La a tub of cold water, in which the patient 
sits for a variable period. 

Bath. Hand. Manulu'vium, (F.) Bain de 3fain 
ou Manuluvey is a bath for the hands. 

Bath, Head, Oapitilu'vinm, (F.) Bain de Tete 
ou ChipitHiivCf a bath for the head. 

Bath, Hip, Coxalu'viuni, (F.) Bain de Fan- 
tend. Bain de Si^ge, is one in which the lower 
part of the trunk and upper part of the thighs 
are immersed. 

Bath, Hot, Balneum Cal'idum, Z€8tolu'9ia, 
(F.) Bain chaud, is a bath, the temperature of 
which i» 98'^ and upwards; the Warm Bath 
from 92° to 98° j the Tepid Bath, (F.) Bain 
Ti^dt, Bahifum tep'iduni, from 85° to 92° ; the 
Temperate Bath, (F.) Bain tempirf^ from 75° 
to 85° ; the Cool Bath, (F.) Bain fraia, from 
00° to 75° ; the Cold Bath, Balneum frig' idumy 
Frigida'rium^ (F.) Bain /roid. Bain trfu froid, 

iof some,) from .30° to 60°; and the Vapour 
)ath, Balneum vapo'rin, (F.) Bain de Vapeur, 
£tuve Ilnmidr, from 100° to 130°, and upwards. 
Bee Vaporarium. A Warm Air Bath, or Hot 
Air Bath, consists of air the temperature of 
which is raised. 

Bath, Med'icated, Balneum Medica'twn, (F.) 
Bain mfdieinal, is a bath, formed of decoctions 
or infutiioDs of vegetable substances, or of any in- 
gredient, introduced into the water for therapeu- 
tical purposes. 

Bath, MeRcirRiAL, Bath, antisyphilitio — b. 
Kitro-mnriatic acid, 8oott's acid bath. 

Bath, Plungb, see Bath. 

Bath, Sand, Balneum Are'na, (F.) Bain de 
Sable^ consists of a vessel filled with sand, and 
placed over the fire. Into thia Tessel, the one is 

put which oontalns the rabstanoa to be OTapo* 
rated. See Psammismus. 

Bath, Sea Wxter, Balneum Mar'im, (F.) 
Bain Marie, consists of a vessel filled with boil* 
ing sea water, or salt water, in which the yesMl 
is placed, that contains the sabstance to be eva- 
porated. Bain Marie is, however, ^ the preMBl 
day often employed for any form of water bath. 

Bath, Shower, Implu'vium, is one in whioh 
the water is made to fidl like a shower on th* 
body. See Douche. 

Bath, Sitz, see Bath, half. 

Bath, Steam, may be formed by xntrodndag 
steiun into a properly closed vessel in place o? 
water, as in the water bath. 

Bath, Succes'siom, Tranntion batJL A term 
applied to the rapid succession or transition firom 
a cold to a warm or hot bath, or conversely. — ^BelL 

Bath, Sulphur, BaPneum Sulph'uri*. A bath 
much used in psora, and other chronic entaneoot 
afi'ections. It may be composed of two ooneee 
of diluted sulphuric acid, and eight ounces of 
Bulphuret of potassium added to each bath. 

Bath, Tan. An astringent bath, prepared, al 
times, by boiling two or three handfiilB of ground 
oak-bark, — such as is used by tanners — ^in twa 
or three quarts of water, for half an hour, and 
then adding the decoction to the water <^ the 

Bath, Temperate, see Bath, hot — b. Tepi^ 
see Bath, hot 

Bath, Tra.vsition, Bath, succession. 

Bath, Vapour, see Bath, hot^ and Vapora* 
rium — ^b. Warm, see Bath, hot 

Bathing is much employed in the treatment of 
disease. The cold bath, especially the cold eea 
bath, is a sedative and indirect tonic : the want 
bath a relaxant ; and the hot bath a stimulant 

The regular use of the bath is extremely coo* 
ducive to health ; but if too much indulged in, it 
is apt to produce injurious effects. 

Batho'nim vel Bad'itat Aqua Soli*, Aqna Ba^- 
igua. Celebrated thermal springs at Bath, ia 
England. They contain but little impregnatiooy 
and are chiefly indebted to their temperaUire^ 
from 112° to 117° Fahrenheit, for their utility. 
The main ingrcdienta are sulphate of lime, chlo- 
ride of sodium, sulphate of soda, carbonate of 
lime, protoxide of iron, free carbonic add and 

These waters are employed in the most heCe* 
rogcneous cases ; and are serviceable where the 
simple thermal springs are indicated, as in rheii* 
matism, paralysis, Ac. 

BA'THER, same etymon ; Balnea'riu; BaH- 
nea'tor, Balnea'tor, (F.) Baigneur, One who 
bathes. Anciently, the name was given to thoee 
that administered baths to the diseased, — the 
Jstufintes of the French. At the present day, In 
remote districts in Germany, the country people 
call their medical practitioners BSder, or *bath* 
men,' and Feldschceron, or 'army barbers.' 

BATHMIS, BathmM, 'base, support' The 
cavity of a bone, which receives the eminence of 
another; and especially the two Fonettet at the 
inferior extremity of the humerus into which the 
processes of the ulna are received, during the 
flexion and extension of the fore-arm. 

BATH RON, Bathmm Mippo€*ratiM, Seammvm 
Hippoc'ratif, Bate'rion, ' a step, a ladder.' (F.) 
Bane (THippocrate. An instrument used for the 
extension of a limb, in cases of fittctnre or luxa- 
tion. The description of it is found in Galei^ 
Oribasius, and Soultetus, with a figure. 


BATIA, Retort 





Ifan if time iMgnce from Olermonty in Fraaoe. 
Tbe whiar u (epid, and cootaina tubcarbonate 
tad snlphafce of floda» 8iilphaleB of lime and iron, 
Buute oi magnesia» and oarbonate of limo« 

BATOS, RubuB IdsBus. 


BATTALISM'US, Battaris'iMU, from fiam- 
(bv. ' to stammer.' Balbuties. Stammering iritb 
iaeapaoity to prononnoe the R. 

BATT'ALUS, Bai^tarMs, same etymon. A 
Hammerer, a statterer. 

BATTARISMUS, Battalismiui. 

BATTARUS, Battaloa. 

BATTATA VIRGINIANA, Solanom tubero- 



BATTEMENTy Pulsation. 

Baadricourt is a town of France, two leagues 
ud a half from Mireconrt. The waters are sul- 


BAUHIN, VALVE OF, Valve of Tul'pius, 
y. of Fallo'pius, v. of Varo'litis, n'eo-ececal 
Talrt, Ileo^eolic Valve, Val'vula llei, Val'vula 
Call, V. Oceci, Oper'eulum Uei, Sphincter llei, 
Thit name is giyen to the Talvo situate trans- 
Ters«ly ai the place where the ileum opens into 
the ooBcum, and which Bauhin says he discovered 
■t Paris, in 1759. It had, however, been pre- 
riooiiy dacribed by several anatomists; as by 
Yidni Yidins, Postius, Ac. 

BAUME, Balsam— 6. d^Acier, Balsam, chaly- 
beate — &. AromuUique, Balsam, aromatio— 6. d^Ai- 
ffwUt$y Balsam, chalybeate — 6. Apoplectique, Bal- 
Mm, apoplectio— d. ^Aremtte, ArcsBUS, balsam of; 
aea. also, Ralwam of Arcssus — 6. d'Are4u9f Un- 
gQeotam elemi oompositum— 6. Benjoin, Benjamin 
I. BUmc, see Amyris Opobalsamum — 6. ttu BrSeil, 
Copaiba — 6. de Canada, see Finns balsamea— 4. 
if (kumMt, Lanms einnamomum — h, de Carpa- 
Aie, Balsam of Carpathiar-^. de CarthaghM, see 
Toluifera balsa.mnm — 6. de Constantinople biane, 
•te Aayns opobalsamum — 6. de Copaku, Copaiba 
— &. Cordiale de Sennerte, Balsam, cordial, of 
8enoertos — b. d'Eau d feuiUee ridiee, Mentha 
erisp*— A. de FeuiUet, Balsam, green, of Meta — 
i. de Fioranenti apiritueuee, Balsam, spirituous, 
<^ Fiorarenti'— d. de Foureroy ou de Lahvrde, 
Balsam of Foororoy or Laborde ^-h, de Oalaad, 
see Anyris opobakamnm — b, de Oeneviitfe, Bal- 
aam of Genevieve — 6. Orand, Tanaoetnm bal- 
samita — h, du Grand Caire, see Amyris opobal- 
samom — 6. Hifpnotique, Balsam, Hypnotic — 6. 
B^^friptey Badaam, hysteric — 6. dee Jardine, 
Mentha Tiridia — b. de Lueatel, Balsam, Lue»- 
tdli'a — &. Kervin, Balsam, nervous — 6. de Perou, 
see Myrozylon Peruiferum — 6. du Sanwritain, 
Balsam of the Samaritan — b, Saxon, Balsam, 
Saxoa — 6. de Sou/re, Balsam of sulfur — b, 
de Sffmpatkie, Balsam of sympathy — ft. Tran- 
feiUe, Balsam, tranquil — b, de Tolu, see Tolui- 
wrabalaamum— 6. de VaniOe, Vanilla— i. Vert, 
soe Fagara octandra — 6. Vert de Meta, Balsam, 
gnea, of Meta — b, de Vie tjPffoffmann, Balsam 
of Life, of Hoffmann— 6. de Vie de LeUhtre, Tine- 
tea aloes eomposita — b. Vrai, see Amyris opo- 
Valsamnm — 6. Vulneraire de Minderer, Balsam, 
▼aberary, of Mindererus. 

BAUBAC, (Arab.) Nitre, or salt in general 
nto thb word eomea Borax. 

Is a tillage four leagues from Roye, department 
sf Somme. The waters are strongly chalybeate. 

BAVS, (F.) SaU'va ex ore/luene, Spuma, Hu 

m>r Sal 


Frothy, thick, viscid saliva, issu- 

k^ frem tlu aoQiAi. This dfiveUing or afawr- 

ing, we aee in children, old people, Ao. > The term 
is, also, i4»pUed to the frothy liquid, which flows 
from the mouth of rabid animals. Sauvages uses 
it synonymously with salivation. 

BAY, CASTOR, Magnolia glauca — b. Rose, 
Rhododendron chrysanthemum — b. Rose, Ame- 
rican, Rhododendron mazimum-^b. Sweet, Lau- 
ras — b. White, Magnolia glauca and M. macro* 

BDALSIS, Sucking. 

BDELLA, Hirado. 

BDEL'LIUM. Myrrha imperfec'ta, Bolehon, 
Madeleon, Balchue. A gum-resin, brought from 
the Levant and India, and supposed to be ob- 
tained from a species of Amyrt's, little known. 
It is solid, brittle, of a deep brown colour, of an 
acrid sad bitter taste, and sweet odour. It was 
much vaunted by the ancients, but is now little 
employed. Two different gum-resins have been 
in the shops distinguished by the names Indian 
and African bdellium. Dr. Royle was informed 
that the former was obtained from Am'yrts Com- 
miph'ora, growing in India and Madagascar. 
The latter is said to be from Seudeh'tia Afri^ 
ea'na, which grows in Senegal. 

BDELLOM'ETER, from ^tWa, 'a leech,' and 
UtTpev, 'measure.' An instrument, proposed as 
a substitute for the leech ; inasmuch as we can 
tell the quantity of blood obtained by it, whilst 
we cannot by the leech. It consists of a cuppings 
glass, to which a scarUcator and exhausting 
syringe are attached. 




BDESMA, Flatulence. 


BEAD TREE, Melia Asedarach. 

BEAN, CARTHAGENA, Habilla de Cartha- 
gena — b. Egyptian, Nymphsea nelumbo-~b. 
French, Phaseolus vulgaris — b. Garden, com- 
mon, Vicia faba — b. Indian, Catalpa— b. Kidney, 
Phaseolus vulgaris <—b. Malacca, Avieennia to- 
mentosa — b. Pontic, Nymphasa nelumbo — b. 
Red, Abrus precatorius — b. Sacred, Nelumbium 
luteum — b. St Ignatius's, Ignatw amara — b. 
Trefoil tree, see Gytisine. 

BEAN TREE, WHITE, Cratasgus aria. 

BEARBERRY, Arbutus uva ursi. 

BEARD, Barba, Pogon, Oenei'on, Barbi'tium, 
(F.) Bar be. The hair which covers a part of the 
cheeks, the lips, and chin of the male sex, at the 
age of puberty. 

BEAR'S BREECH, Aeanthns mollis— b. Foo4^ 
Helleborus foetidus — b. Fright, Heptallon gra^ 
veolens — b. Whortieberry, Arbutus uva ursL 

BEARWEED, Vefatrum viride. 

BEASTING8, Colostram. 


Beangency is a quarter of a league from Orleans. 
The waters contain subcarbonate of soda, iron, 
magnesia, and lime. They are tonio and ape- 

BEAUMONT ROOT, GiUenia trifoUata. 

These waters are chalybeate. Beanvais is in 
Picardie, France. 

BEAVER, Castor fiber— b. Wood, Magnolia 
glauca — ^b. Tree, Magnolia macn^hyUa. 

BEBEERIA, see Bebeeru. 

BEBEERINE, see Bebeeru. 

BEBEERU, Sipeen, A tree of British Gui- 
ana, which yields two alkalies — Bebeerin, Bebee* 
ri'na, Bebee'ria, and Sipeerine/ and in its pn^ 
parties resemblM the Cmohona. It has been re- 
ferred to Nettan'dra BodieL The timber of the 
tree is known to shlp-builden 1^ the i 




JUorl. The Stilpkat€ of Seheeria liu been em- 
ployed in iniermittentfl. Warbw^t Fever Droptf 
Tinetu'rn anti/ehri'lit Warbur'gi, an empirical 
antiperiodic preparation, have by some been con- 
sidered to be a tincture of the eeedfl of Uie Be- 
beem, bnt this is questionable. 

BEC, (F.) JRoetrutfif Beak, This name has 
been applied to yarious parts. 

BEC OORACOlDIEN, (P.) Cor'acoid 6eoA, 
Is the end of the ooracoid process. 

BEC BE CUILLERy Uam'ulue, An instru- 
ment used for the extraction of balls. It consists 
of an iron rod, 7 or 8 inches long, having at one 
extremity a small cavity, into which the ball is 
received to be drawn outwards. See Cochleari- 

BEC DE QRUE MUSQUi, Geranium Mos- 
chatum-r-i. de Grue Bobertin, Geranium Roberti- 
anum — 6. de Liivref Harelip. 

Beak of the Cakunue Scripto'riutf is a small cavity 
at the superior part of the medulla oblongata, 
which forms part of the 4th ventricle. 

BEC (Lb,) mineral WATERS OP. Bee 
is six leagues from Rouen, in Normandy. The 
water is strongly chalybeate. 

BECOABUNGA, Veronica Becoabunga. 

BEGHiBSTHE'SIS, from pjn^, 'cough,' and 
ci«9if«i(, 'sensation.' The excitement or desire 
to cough. 

BECHIA, Tussis. 

BEGHIAS, Tussis. 

BE'CHICS, Be'ehiea, Becha, Bee'ehioa, Be'- 
ehiia, from M, * cough,' (P.) Bichiquee, Medi- 
eines adapted for allaying oongh. 

BECHITA, Beohio. 

BEGHIUM, Tussilago. 


BEGUI6A, Ibioniba. 

BED'EGAR, Bedeguar, Bedegnard, Spon'gia 
Cfgnoe'bati, Fvmffwe Boea'rwn, F. Cynoe'bati, (P.) 

Pomme mouMeuaef Eponge d^eglatUier, An ex- 
oresoenoe, which maJtes its appearance on dif- 
ferent species of wild roses, and which is pro- 
duced by the puncture of a small insect, — Oy- 
nip» Roecs, It was formerly employed as a 
litnontriptic and vermifuge, bnt is not now used. 
It was slightly astringent. 

ford is a village, situate on the great Western 
Turnpike road from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, a 
few miles east of the chief elevation of the Alle- 
ghany mountains. There are various springs, 
saline, chalybeate and sulphureous. — The most 
oelebrated contains carbonic acid, sulphate of 
magnesia, chlorides of sodium and calcium, and 
earbonate of iron. 

BEDSTRAW, Galium veram — b. Ladies, 
Ijreater, Galium mollugo, Galium verum — b. 
Bough, Galium asprelhim — b. Ladies, rough, 
Galium asprellum. 

BEE, Bax. beo. Apie, A, mellifica sen domett^ tea, 
MeWea, Ifelitta, (P.) Abeille, This insect was 
formerly exhibited, when dried and powdered, as 
A diuretic. 

B» xir ran BomnT, see Insanity. 

BEEBREAD, Propolis. 

BEECH, Pagus sylvatio^—b. Drop, Orobanche 
Yirginiana — b. Drops, false, Hypopitys lanugi- 
nosa — b. Albany, Pterospora Andromedea — b. 
Mast, see Pagus sylvatioa. 

BEEP ESSENCE, see Beef tea. 

Bur Tba, Ju$ bovi'nuvu An infusion of beef, 
much used in debilitating maladies, and in oon- 
▼aleeeenoe. It may be made as follows : Take 
two pounds and a half of Uom beef; ont it in 
snail pieoes into three parts of teaier in an earthen 
pipkin : let this simmer, bat never boil, until the 

liquor is consumed to a pint and a half: then 
strain carefully. It ought to be entirely free 
from fat or grease. — Dr. E. J. Seymour. 

Eeeepee of beef—ia it has been called — ^may be 
made by putting a pound of good beef, freed from 
fat, and cut into small pieces, into a porter-bottle, 
corking lightly. The bottle must be put mto 
boiling water, and kept there until the water has 
been boiling at least half an hour. As the boiling 
goes on, the cork may be inserted a little more 
tightly, to retain the contents of the bottle. The 
juices of the beef are thus separated, and consti- 
tute the ' essence,' which may be seasoned to the 
taste. It contains much nutriment. 

BEEN, Centaurea behen. 

BEER, Cerevisia— b. Black, see Falltranck— 
b. Pipsissewa, see Pyrola umbellata. 

BEET, Beta. ' 

BBQAIEMENTy Balbuties. 

BEGMA, — according to some. Bregma, — ^from 
0n99uv or 0ftt99uVf * to expectorate after cough- 
ing.' Coughing; also, the sputum or expectorated 
matter. — Hippocrates. 

BEGO'NIA. The Begonia grandijlo'ra and 
B, tomento'ea have astringent roots, which sre 
used in Pern in cases of hemorrhage, soorvy, low 
fevers, Sto, 

BioUE, Balbus. 

BEHEN AB IAD, Centaurea behen— &. Al- 
bum, Centaurea behen — 6. Officinarum, Cucu- 
balus behen — ft. Rouge, StaUce limonium — 6. 
Vulgaris, Cucubalus behen. 

BEHMEN ACKMAR, SUtice limonium. 

BEIAHALALEN, Sempervivum tectorum. 

BEIDELSAR, Asdepias procera. 

BEJUIO, Habilla de Carthagena. 

BELA-ATE or BE-LAHE. A ionio and 
astringent bark of a Madagascar tree. Du-peUt- 
Thenars and Sonnerat think it may be sabsti* 
tuted for the Simarouba. 

BELADAMBOC. A species of oonvolvulos of 
the Malabar coast, which contains an acrid milky 
juice. Prom this a liniment is formed with oU 
and ginger, which is used against the bites of 
rabid animals. 

BE-LAHE, Bela-aye. 

BELA-MODAGAM. A kind of Sra-nAa of 
the Malabar coast, the leaves of which are con- 
sidered diuretic and emmenagogue. 

BELANDRE, (F.) A litter, surrounded with 
curtains, in which ps^tients are sometimes carried 
to hospitals. 

BELCHING, Eructation. 

BELEMNOID, Belenoid. 


or BEL'OID, BeUnd%'de$ or Belemnoi'df Pro- 
eet'nu, from fitXot, 'an arrow,' and uScf, 'shape.' 
This name has been given to styloid prooesses 
in general — Proeeeent belencU'dee, 

B^LESME, see Bellesme. 

BELESON, Balsam, Mussssnda frondosa. 

BELILLA, Mussaenda frondosa. 

BELINUM, Apium Graveolens. 

BELI OCULUS, Belloculus. 

BELL, CANTERBURY, Campanula kaehe. 

BELLADONE, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLADON'NA, in the Pharmacopoeia of the 
United States, is the offioinal name of the leaves 
of Atropa Belladonna. 

BKLLADoinrA BAccircRA, Atropa belladonni^— > 
h. Triohotoma, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLE DAME, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLEGU, Myrobalanus. 

BELLEREGI, Myrobalanus. 





Bdletme if siMmt tlir«« l«agnes from Montagne 
b Fraoc«. The wafcen are chalybeate. 

mien at Belley, departament of Aln, in Franoei 
IR valine aperienta'. 

BELLIDOIDES, Chrysanthemum lenoan- 

BBLLISy BtUnt ('pretty/) B, peren'nU sen 
fln'aor aen korten'tia, Sym'phytum min'imum, 
BrmUewarl, Common -Z^o^i (P*) PaqueretU vi- 
««re, petUe Marmerite, The leaves and flowers 
sre rather acri<£ They were, at one time, oon- 
ndered to core. diiferent species of wounds. See 
Onaitopsli asteriseoidea. 

Bkllu HoRTBirsis, Bellia — ^b. Ma^or, Chrysan- 
tibeanm leneanthemum — b. Minor, Bellia — b. 
Pemmia, Bellia — b. PratensiSi Chrysanthemum 

BELL METAL, Caifeoeoty (F.) Airain, Mital 
ia tioekfn. An alloy of copper, sine, tin, and a 
HuU quantity of antimony, used for making 
UUa. The mortan of the apothecary are often 
formed of thia material. They require to be kept 
ikaa, to avoid the formation of verdigria. 

BBLLOCULUS, Btli Oc'm/im. A kind of gem, 
which the Aaayriana oonaidered efficadoua in the 
eire of many diaeasea. They imagined that the 
fgnre of an eye could be aeen in it^ and henoe ita 
name, BeV* Eye* # 

BELLON, CoUc, metallic. 

BELLOTAS, aee Ilex mi^o^* 

BELLOWS' SOTTND, Bmit de toufflei—h. En- 
tephalie, aee Bruit de eouffieL 

Bellows' Socxn, Fume, a aingle murmur of 
th« bellows kind, synchronous with the first 
mmd of the heart; heard by some observers, 
asfl referred by them to diminished calibre of the 
ambUieal arteriea, either by pressure or stretching 
of the fiinis, or both. 

Bellows' Sound, Placbxtal, Bruit placen- 

BELLWORT, SMALLER, tJvularia perfotiata. 

BELLY, Venter; from Ir. bolg, 'the belly, a 
bag or pouch/ At the present day, the abdomen. 
Formerly, all Uie splanchnic cavities were called 
UUUm; — the louder b^Uv, venter in'fimue, being 
the abdomen ; the middle belly, venter me'diue, 
the thorax ; and the upper belly, venter euprt'mue, 
the head. Also, the womb. See Venter. 

BBLLT-ACH, Colica — b. Dry, Colio, me- 
tallie— b. Root, Angelica lucida. 

BBLLT.BAKD, Belt, Russian. 

BELLT, POT, Physoonia. 

BELMUSCHUS, Hibiscus abelmosehua. 

BELNILEO, Myrobalanus. 

BELOID, Belenoid. 

BELOIDBS PROCESSUS, Styloid proeesses. 

BELONE, Needle. 

BEL0N0DE8, Styloid. 

BELONOID, Belenoid. 

BEL'S ETB, Belloculus. 

BELT, RUSSIAN, Fealra'tt,— vulgarly, Belly- 
kmi, — Abdominal mpporter, A broad bandage 
spplied to the abdomen, so as to support, and 
■ake methodical pressure upon it Different 
fonni have been termed obstetric binder; mero- 
Mmmnal eupportere, Ac. 

BELUL'CUM, from fitXet, 'a dart,' and 'cXm, 
'I draw ouL' An instrument uaed for extracUng 
darts or arrows. Many instrupients of t^is kind 
have been noticed by surgeons. — ^Ambrose Par^, 
Vabrieins ab Aquapendente. 

BELZOB, Benjamin. 

BELZOIM, Beigamln. 

BELZOINUM, Bei^amin. 

BB5, OidlaaAna moringa^-b. of Jnd»ty Ben- 
lniB---b. Nut, Ouilandina moringa. 

BBNATH, Paatnle. 



b£n£fICE be la nature, Benefldum 
naturae— i. de Ventre, see Beneficium naturao. 

BENEFIC'IUM NATU'R^, (F.) Binifice de 
la nature. This term is used by the French pa- 
thologists, for oases, in which diaeaaes have got 
well without medical treatment. With them, 
BfnSJice de nature, or B. de ventre, is synonymoui 
also with Alvi Projlu'vium ; — ^a spontaneous diar- 
rhoea, often acting favourably either in the pre- 
vention or cure of disease. 

BENEL, Croton racemosum. 

BENEOLENS, from bene, 'well,' and olere, 'to 
smelL' Euo'dee, Suaveolene. A sweet-aoentad 
medicine, aa gnma, Ao. 

BENQ, Bangue. 

BENGALE INDORUM, Caaaumuniar. 

BENGAL ROOT, Caaaumuniar. 

BENGI, Hyoacyamua. 

BENIGN', Benig^nue, Eueth'ee, <F.) BMn, 
Binigne, Diaeaaea of a mild character are bo 
called : as well aa medioinea whoae action ia not 
violent, aa a Benign Fever, Febria benig'na iW 
pu'tria, /tc 

b£nIN, Benign. 

BEN'JAMIN, ^en'cotii, P«nao'«fNfN»(Ph. U. S.)y 
BewMo'tnum verum, Bengo'inum, Ama odora'ta, 
Benjui, Benjuin, Acfa duleie, Ben'jaoy, Benji^- 
inum, Belaoi, Beluoim, Ben'zoi, Sty'raeie Bemto^- 
ini BaVeamum, Liquor Cureni'aeue, Croton Ben- 
toi, Ben of Judaea, Aeor BenMo'inua, Sal A^'idum 
aeu ceeentia'U aeu vola^iU Benatoie, (F.) Benjoin, 
Baume Benjoin, Aeea doux, A reainoua, dry, 
brittle aubatanoe, obtained from Styrax Benmin, 
Arbor Benivi, Laurue Benaoin, of Sumatra. The 
odour ia extremely fragrant, and taate alightly 
aromatio. It ia prineipally uaed for the prepara- 
tion of the acid which it oontatna. It ia alao 
employed in aome vulnerary Unetures, and as an 
expectorant. Benaoic Acid, Ac"idum BenMo^ieum, 
is obtained from it by sublimation. The pureet 
Benjamin is in amygdaloid maaeee: hence called 
(F.) Benjoin amgydaloxde, 

Ben'jaxtn, Flowers of, Ben'aoie Acid, Ae"- 
idum Benao'ieum, Floree Benxoia, Flore* Benao^- 
ini, Ac" idum Benao'ieum per aublimatio'nem, (F.) 
Aeide Bentoique, This acid exists in all the 
balsams, but chiefly in Bensoin, from which it is 
obtained by sublimation. It is in vanilla, canella, 
the urine of infants, and of herbivorous animals. 
Ita odour is aromatio and fragrant; taste hot, 
alightly acidulous, and agreeable. The crystals 
consist of white, satiny flakes, slightly ductile. 
It is probably stimulant ; and has been used, as 
such, in chronic catarrh ; but it has little efficftcy. 

BENJAOT, Beigamin. 

BENJOINUM, Benjamin. 

BENJUI, Benjamin. 

BEN MOENJA. A Malabar tree. An alexl- 
pharmio decoction ia made of its roota, in ths 
country, which ia much praised in cases of ma- 
lignant fever. Its bark, boiled with Calamus 
aromatieua and aalt, forms a deoootion used in 
bites of poisonous serpents. 

BENNE, Seaamum orientale. 

BENNET, HERB, Geum urbanum, and Q, 

BENOiTE, Oeum urbanum — b. Aqnatique, 
Oeum rivate — b. dee Buigeeaux, Geum rivale — 
b, de Virginie, Geum Virginianum 

BBNZIN, aee Ansssthetio. 


BBNZOB, Bei^amin. 


BENZOIN, Benjamin— b. Odoriftram, Lanrof 




BERBERINE, gee Oxycantha OalenL 

BERBERIS, Oxycantha Oaleni— b. Canaden- 
sis, see Oxycantha Ualeui. 

BERCEy Heracleum spondylinm. 

BERENDAROS, Ocymum baailicunu 

BERENICE, Succinum. 

BERENICIUM, Potass® nitres. 

BERENISECUM, Artemisia vnlgaris. 

BERGAMOTE, Bergatao(*ta, (F.) Bergamotte. 
A small orange, of a very agreeble taste ; and 
peculiar odour. From its bark an oil, Oleum 
Berga'miif (Ph. U.S.) is obtained, which is much 
employed as a perfume, and sometimes in medi- 

BER'IBERI, Berihe^riay Syn'chntu Beribe'- 
ria, Jndotyn'clonM, ParaVynt Ber'tberi, from 
beri in the Singhalese language, which signifies 
' weakness ;' therefore, btriberi^ * great weakness.' 
This word is also said to be Hindusthanee, and 
to mean a theep. — Bontius. Beriberi is an In- 
dian disease, little known in Europe. It con- 
sists in debility aud tremors of the limbs, — some- 
times, indeed, of the whole body ; with painfVil 
numbness of the affected parts, Ac. : — the patient 
walking doubled ; and imitating the movements 
of sheep ! Some authors have esteemed it rheu- 
matic ; others, paralytic ; others, to be a kind of 
chorea. It is, almost always, incurable; is 
rarely fatal; and is treated by exercise, stimu- 
lant friction, sudorifics, ko. It is sometimes 
called Bar'bierMf but this would seem to be a 
different disease. 

BERICOCCE, Prunns armeniaoa. 


BERLUEj Metamorphopsia. 

invalids ore occasionally sent to Bermuda, but 
the principal objection to a winter residence 
there, is the prevalence of strong winds ; espe- 
cially of the dry, sharp, and cold north-west 
winds, during the winter and spring. Still, it 
affords a good winter retreat for the phthisical, 
from any part of the United States, provided due 
care be selected in choosing a suitable locality. 
The neighbourhood of Hamilton has been strongly 
recommended with this view. 


BERRIES, INDIAN, see Monispermum coc- 
eulufl — b. Turkey, yellow, see Piper cubeba. 

BERS. A sort of electuary, composed of pep- 
per, seed of the white hyoscyamus, opium, euphor- 
bium, saffron, <fcc. The Egyptians used it as an 
excitant. — Prospero Alpini. 

in Champagne, France. The waters are slightly 

BERU LA, Slum nodiflorum — b. AngusUfolia, 
Sium nodiflorum. 

BKSASA, Ruta. 

BESICLES, Spectacles. 

BESOIN, Want— ft. de Retpirer, see Want— 
h. de la Vie, Necessary of life. 

BESSANEM. A word used by Avicenna, for 
redness of the skin, limbs, and face, produced by 
the action of cold. 

INE, \ 

See Oemellus. 


BETA. The Beet, Sie'ulay (F.) Bette, Bette- 
rave. Familgj Chenopodess. Sex. Sy»t. Pentan- 
dria Digynia. A genus of plants, of which the 
following are the chief varieties. 

Beta Ht'brida, Root of Scarcity, Root red, 
outside; white, within. Very nutritive; yields 

Brta Vulga'ris Alba, White Beet, The root 
yields sugar, and the leaves are eaten as a eub- 
stituie for ipinaoh. 

Beta Vuloa'rib Rubra, Red Beet, Boot rti 
and nutritive ; yields a small quantity of nigar. 

BETEL, Piper Betel A species of pepper, «■!- 
tivated in several parts of India. The fiaat In- 
dians are in the habit of chewing the leaves wUk 
lime and areca; and they give ue name Beteito 
this preparation. It is used in all the eqnalotU 
countries of Asia. Betel is said to be tonie and 
ostringenL It is also called BetU, B^trt^ BefAtm 
See Areca. 

BETHROOT, Trilliam latifoUnm^b. BrotdU 
leaf) Trillium latifolium. 

BiTlSEy Dementia. 

BETOINE, Betonica officinalis ~&. de» Mom> 
tagnetf Arnica Montana — 6. dee Sttvojfarde, Ar- 
nica montana. 

Bf:TON, Colostrum. 

BETONICA AQUATICA, Scrophalftria aqat- 

Betow'ica OPFicnfA'Lis, Ceetron, Betom'iem 
purpu'rea, Veton'iea Cordi, Ac, Bdt'ony, W9od 
Betoniff Payehot'rophumf Veroni'ea purp^rt% 
(F.) BHoine. Family, LabiatSB. Sex. SyH. Dl- 
dynamia Gymnospermia. Betony was in mueh 
esteem amongst the ancients, who employed tht 
flowers and leaves, in decoction, in gont» sciatiei^ 
cephalalgia, Ac. It was so called, according Is 
Pliny, from being in great repute among the vcl* 
tones, or Bettonos, an ancient people of Spall. 
Antonius Musa is said to have written a TohoM 
in praise of it ; recommending it in no less thaa 
47 different diseases. It has, however, little oi 
no virtue. The loaves are said to be apsrisa^ 
and the root emetic. 

Betonica Pauli, Veronica. 

BETONY. Betonica officinalis— b. Panl's^ ly- 
copus sinuatus, Lycopus Virginicus — b. Water, 
Scrophularia aquatica — b. Wood, Betonica oAii 

B^TRE, Betel. 

BETTE, Beta. 


BET'ULA ALBA. The BircK (F.) BouUm^ 
cominun. The young leaves are slightly odonms 
astringent, and bitter. They are applied U 
wounds aud ulcers. They have been regarded 
as antiscorbutic and anthelmintic The tree for 
nishca a saccharine juice, which is considersi 
antiscorbutic and diuretic 

Dktttla Eharginata, Alnus glutinosa — b. Gfai> 
tinosa, Aluus glutinosa. 

Betula Lenta, Sweet Birch, Black Birdi 
Cherry Birch, Mountain Mahogany, is an Ameri- 
can spcciefl, the bark and leaves of which havi 
the smell and taste of Gaultheria proonmbeBS 
An infusion is sometimes made of them, and usee 
as an excitant and diaphoretic The Tolatile d 
is nearly if not wholly identical with that oi 

BEURRE, Butter— 6. de Bamboue, Batter oi 
bambonc — 6. de Cacao, Butter of cacao — &. A 
Ct>ro, Butter of cocoa— 6. Vfgitale, Persea gatis 

Beuvrigny is in the vicinity of Bayeux in Kor 
mandv. The water is chalybeate. 

BJ^VUE, Diplopia. 

BEX, Tussis — b. Convulsiva, Pertussis — ^b. H« 
mida. Expectoration — ^b. Theriodes, Pertossia. 
BEXIS, Tussis. 

BEXU'GO. Under this name, a pnrg«li?i 
root was formerly introduced into Europe frofl 
Peru. It is supposed to have been the root ef i 

BEZ'O AR, Bex^aar, Beafehard, Pa'Mokar, free 
Persian Pa, * against,' and takar, poison. Ltad 
BeMoar'dieue, Cal'eulue Ba^oar, £mi€roPitkm M$ 


V 1S3 


iBor^iM, Btaaard. A caloalonB conoretion, found 
h the ftomaeh, intestinesy and bladder of ani- 
■•is. Wonderfal Tirtaes were formerlj attri- 
hitod to these Besoars. There were two great 
TVMlies: Uie Bt^oar orietUa'li, An'itnal Bezoar'' 
tie^m oriaUafU^ formed in the fourth stomaoh of 
the gaielle of India {Oazel'la In'diea, or rather 
jbUiPope etrviea'pra :) and the Ben' oar oeciden- 
ta'li. Animal Bexoar'tieum oecidenta'li, found in 
the fourth «tomaoh of the wild goat or chamoit 
of Peru. These lubstancea were esteemed to be 
powerful alexipharmies ; but the former was the 
Bore Ttlued. It was believed that no poison, 
sad no emptiye, pestilential, or putrid disease, 
ooold resist its influence. As so many virtues 
were escribed to it, other animal concretions were 
nbetituted for it ; and factitious Bezoards were 
■ide of crabs' eyes and claws, bruised and mixed 
with musk, ambergris, kc» 

Bbx'oab BoYi'inrx, (F.) Bhoard de BxBuf, Be- 
woord of the bee/, A concretion formed in the 
flbmh stomach of beeves ; also, a biliary ealcu- 
fais found in the gall-bladder. 

Bbz'o^s or THB DxBS, B, of the LacK'rymal 
f<ma of the Iher, Deer^M Tear§. A moist, highly 
odorous, fatty matter, found below the anterior 
csnthus of the orbit of the red deer — Cenme eVe- 
pkat. It has been used, like castor, as an anti- 
epesmodie, in tlie dose of from 5 .to 15 grains, two 
« three times a day. 

Bbzoar Equikuit, Bezoard of the horse — b. 
Hyitrids, Bezoard of the Indian porcupine. 

Bb'oabd op Catxan. This was once much 
prized. It is now unknown. 

BizOARD UALLEMAQNEy iBgagropila. 

Bu'oARD OF THE Chaxoib, and B. or the 
Horse, Bmoar «fftt»'auin, JUppol'itkutf Ac, exhi- 
bit their origin in the name. 

Bfz'oARD or THE Ikdias PoR'ccpiirE. Bei^oar 
Byrftricu, Lapu Porci'nut, LapiM lfalueen'ei$, 
Pttro del Poreo, (F.) Bezoard de Porc-Bpicy was 
formerly Uie dearest of all the Bezoards, and was 
fold St an enormous price in Spain and Portugal. 

Bis'oARD Mdiebal, Autimoninm diaphoreti- 
cam — b. Vegetable, see Calappite. 

BEZOAR'DIC, Bezoar'dicuey (F.) Binoardtque; 
eoneeming the bezoard. Bezoardio medicines are 
those suppoaed to possess the same properties 
with the bezoard ; as antidotes, alexiteria, alexi- 
pharaiics, cordials. 

BBZOAKDICA BADIX, Dorstenia contra- 

ceutical preparation, regarded by the ancients as 
aatihyeteric. It was formed of protoxide of lead, 
butter of antimony, and nitric acid. 

Bczoae'dicitm HnvA'Nrir. Urinary calculi 
were formerly employed under this name as 
powerful alexipharmies. 

Bizoab'dicuii Jovia'lI. a sort of greenish 
powder, used as a diaphoretic, and formed of an- 
timony, tin, mercury, and nitric acid. 

BEzoAR'mcuM LuN a'rC. a medicine formerly 
Tegirded as a specific in epilepsy, convulsions, 
megrim, Ae. It was prepared of nitrate of sil- 
ver, sad butter of antimony. 

Bizoae'dicvm MARTiA'Li. A tonic medicine, 
ued by the ancients in diarrhoea. It was pre- 
laced from the tritoxide of irou and butter of an- 

BazoAR'nicinc Mbrcuria'lI. A medicine, 
fwmerly vaunted as an antisyphilitlc, and pre- 
pared from the mild chloride of mercury, butter 
of antimony, and nitric acid. 

BuoAR'morif Miubba'lI; the deutoxide of 
aatifflony ; so called because its properties were 
oreosed to resemble those of animal bezoard. 

Bbioar']>ioiim Sola'rI. a di^horetio medi- 

cine, prepared of gold filings, nitrio aeid» and 
butter of antimony. 

Bezoar'dicum Veh'eris. a pharmaceutical 
preparation, formerly employed in lepra, diseases 
of the brain, Ac ; which was made from filing! 
of copper, butter of antimony, and nitric acid. 

BHANG, Bangne. 

BI, as a prefix to words, has the same signifi- 
cation as Di. 

BIAIOTHANATI, Biothanati. 

BIBITORIUS, Rectus internus oculi. 

BIBLIOa'RAPHT, MED'ICAL, from /9i^»^ 
. a book,' and yf>a0w, ' I describe.' Skill in the 
knowledge of medical books. The most distin- 
guisded medical biographers have been : J. A. 
Vajt dkr Lixben, Amstelod. 1662, octavo, (L.) 
M. LiPBNius, Francf. ad Mcsir. 1679, foL (L.) 
G. A. Merckleik, Korimb. 1686, (L.) J. J. 
Makget, Genev. 1695 to 1731, (L.) Tarin (ana- 
tomical,) Paris, 1753, (F.) A. vox Haller, 
Zurich, 1774^ Ac. (L.) Viqiuis ton Crevt- 
XENTELD (surgical,) Yindob. 1781, (L.) C. G. 
KuHir, Lips. 1794, (L.X G. L. Schweicxard 
(anat, phys., and legal medicine,) Stuttgard, 
1796 to 1800, (L.) G. G. Ploucquet, Tubing. 
1808 to 1814, (L.) C. F. Burdach, Gotha, 1810 
to 1821, (G.) J. S. Erbch, (since 1750,) Leipi. 
1822, (G.) Tb. Ch. Fr. Enblin, (of Germany, 
since 1750,) Berlin, 1826, (G.) J. B. MoKTrAL- 
con, Paris, 1827, (F.) J. Forbes, M. D., F. R. 
S., London, 1835. A. C. P. Callisen, CopeU' 
hagen, 1845, (G.) E. Morwitz, Leipzig, 1849, 

BICAUDALIS, Retrahens auris. 

BICAUDA'TUS, Cauda'tue, 'double-tailed.' 
A monster having two tails. 

BIGEPHA'LIUM, IHcepha'liMm. A hybrid 
word, from hi and xc^oAiy, ' head.' Sauvages ap- 
plies this epithet to a very large sarcoma on ^e 
head, which seems to form a double head. 

BICEPHALUS, Bicephalus. 

BIOEPS, from 6t«, 'twice,' and caput, 'head.' 
That which has two heads. This name has been 
particularly given to two muscles; one belonging 
to the arm, Uie other to the thigh. 

Biceps Exter'nus Mus'culus. The long poiw 
tion of the Trieepe Brachia'lxe, — Douglas. 

Biceps Flexor Cruris, Bicepe Cruris, Bieept, 
(F.) Bicepe Crural, Bicepe Fem'orit, Wchio-fem'' 
oro-p£ronier — (Ch.) A muscle on the posterior 
part of the thigh ; one head arising from the tu- 
berosity of the ischium, and the other from a 
great part of the linea aspera. It is inserted into 
the top of the fibula. It serves to bend the leg 
on the thigh. 

Biceps Flexor Cu'biti, Bicepe Bra'chii, Cor*- 
aeo-radia'lia, Bieepe, Bieepe maniie, Bieepe in- 
ter'nutf Bicepe inter'nue hu'tneri, (F.) Seapido-ra- 
dial, (Ch.) — Bieepe BrtiehiaL A muscle, situate 
at the anterior and internal part of the arm ; ex- 
tending from the edge of the glenoid cavity and 
from ^e top of the coracoid process to the tube- 
rosity of the radius. It bends the fore-arm upon 
the mm. 

BICHE DE MER, Sea Slug, A molluscous 
animal, belonging to the genus Holothuria, which 
is caught amongst the islands of the Feejee group, 
New Guinea, Ac, and when prepared finds a 
ready sale in China, where it is used as an ingre- 
dient in rich soups. 

BICHE T, Terra Orleana. 

BICUICH'I£. Pectoral medicines, composed 
of liquorice juice, sugar, blanched almonds, Ao.-*- 

BIGHIOS, Dracuncultts. 

BICHO, Dracunculus— b. di Culo, Prootocaccu 

BICHOS. A Portuguese name for the wonni 




ihftt fenetntes the toea of people in the Indies ; 
and which are destroyed by the oil of the cashew 

BICIP'ITAL, from bieept {bit and caput) 'two- 
headed.' Relating to the biceps. 

BiciP'iTAL GrooySi (P.) Couliste on Oouitiire 
hicipitaUf Ooulinae humSrale, (Ch.,) is a longitu- 
dinal groovCi situate between the tuberosities of 
the OS humeri, which lodges the long head of the 

Blclp'fTAL Tu'berclb, Bicipital tubtrot^ityy 
(F.) TubSro9it4 hicipitaU ; — a prominence near 
Uie upper extremity of the radius, to which the 
tendon of the biceps is attached. 

BTCORNE JiUDE, Ditrachyceros. 

BICUS'PID, Bicutpida'ttu, from 6i>, 'twice,' 
and cwpitf <a spear.' That which has two points 
or tubercles. 

Bicus'piD Teeth, Dentet Bieuspida'ti, (F.) 
Dents hicHupidfet, the small molares. See Molar. 

BIDENS ACMELLA, Spilanthns acmella. 

BIDET, (F.) Bidet; pronounced heeday. A 
small horse formerly allowed to each trooper for 
carrying his baggage. Hence, perhaps, applied 
to a chamber bathing apparatus, which has to be 
bestridden. It is a useful arrangement, in case 
of hemorrhoids, prolapsus ani, aleotions of the 
sexual organs, Ac. 

BIECHO, Bische. 

Bf^RE, Cerevisia. 

BIESTINGS, Colustrum. 

BIF^MORO-CALCANIENy Gastrocnenui. 

BrFURCATION, Bi/urca'tio, from 6w, 'twice,' 
and furcay 'a fork.' Division of a trunk into 
two branches ; as the bifurcation of the tracheaf 
aorta^ Ac. 

BIGASTER, Digastricus. 

BIG BLOOM, Magnolia macrophylla. 

BIGEMINAL BODIES, Quadrigemina tuber- 

BIQOAR, A disease of Bengal, remarkable 
for the intensity and danger of the cerebral symp- 
toms. — Twining. 

BIG-LEAF, Magnolia macrophylla. 

BIOLES, see Strabismus. 

BIGNONIA CATALPA, Catalpa—b. Radi- 
oans, Tecoma radicans. 

Biono'nia In'dica. The loaves are employed 
in India, as emollients, to ulcers. 

BIJON, see Pinus sylvestris. 

Kay is a town in France, two leagues from Thouar, 
department of Deux Sdvres, near which is a ther- 
mal sulphureous spring. Temperature about 77° 

BILBERRY, Vaccinium myrtillus-— b. Red, 
Yaccinium vitis idaea. 

BILE, BUUy Pel, Chol'oe, Choli, ChoUr, (F.) 
Bilcy Fiel. A yellow, greenish, viscid, bitter, 
nauseous fluid, secreted by the liver. It is dis- 
tinguished into hepatic and cystic ; according as 
it flows immediately into the duodenum from the 
liver or from the ^ftU-bladder. It contains, ac- 
cording to Muratori, water; a peculiar fatty 
matter; colouring matter, (Cholepyr'rhin or Bili- 
ph4B'in;) cholesterin, combmed with soda; picro- 
mel or bilin; extract of flesh, mucus: soda, phos- 
phate of soda; phosphate of lime, and chloride 
of sodium. 

The use of the bile is to remove from the body 
superfluous hydro-carbon ; and it is probably in- 
servient to useful purposes in digestion. 

Bile, Furunculus — b. Black, Atrabilis — b, de 
bcRuff see Bile — b. RepnnduCf Icterus. 

Bile op the Beak, Gall of the Bear, Fel Ursi, 
was thought to be anti-epileptic; and that of the 
£elt Fel anguil'la, to facilitate labour. 

Bile of tse Ox, OqU qf the Ox, Ox Oailj Ftl 

Taurij Fel Bovis, F, Bovenum, (F.) BiU deBmf, 
was once reputed cosmetic and detergent^ lafl- 
otalgic and emmenagogue ; as well as to p<MMM 
the power of facilitating labour. It has alao been 
given as a bitter stomachic and anthelmintle; 
and as a tonic and laxative, in case* of defieieiM||r 
of the biliary secretion. 

BIL'IARY, BiUa'rUy BUia'rMU, FeTUm, 
That which relates to bile. 

Bil'iary Appara'tus, B. organ*, B. p a magm . 
The collection of parts that concur in uie secrt- 
tion and excretion of bile: — viz. the liver, poll 
biliari or tubuli biliferi; hepatic, cystic, and 
choledooh ducts, and gall-bladder. 

Bil'iart Concre'tions are coneretiona foond 
in some parts of the biliary apparatoa. 
Biliary Ducts, Pori biliaiiL 
BILIEUX, Bilious. 
BILIMBI, Averrhoa bilimbL 
BILIMBING TERES, Averrhoa bilimU. 
BILIN, Picromel. 

BIL'IOUS, Bilio'sut, ChoVieuM, ChoPiua, Fd^ 
lin'eu4, Epich'oloe, Pieroch*olo9, FeVUua, (F.) 
Bilieux, That which relates to bile, contunf 
bile, or is produced by bile. An epithet givoi 
to certain constitutions and diseases, which art 
believed to be the eflfect of superabundance fji tba 
biliary secretion: as Biliou* temptratnent, A 
symptoms f B. fever, 

BILIPHiEIN, see Bile. 
BILIS FLUXIO, Cholera morbus. 
BILITICUS, Cholagogue. 
BILIVERD'IN, from bilis, 'bile,' and viridk, 
' green.' On adding an acid to a solution of tht 
yellow colouring matter of bile, a precipitate of 
green floc^uU taJces place, which possesses all tho 
properties of chlorophyll, or the green colouring 
matter of 'leaves. This is the biliverdin of Bor- 


BILOCUIiAR, see Unilocular. 


BI'MANUS, from bis and tiiafiiM, 'a hand* 
One that has two hands. A term applied oni^ 
to man, because he is the sole mammiferoui ani- 
mal that p088C88C8 two perfect hands. 

BINDER, Bandage. 

BINDERS, OBSTETRIC, see Belt, Russiaa. 

BINDWEED, Polygonum aviculare — b. Fid- 
die-leaved. Convolvulus panduratus — b. Oroali 
Convolvulus scpium — b. Lavender-leaved, Con- 
volvulus Cantabrica — b. Sea, Convolvulus solda- 
uella — b. Virginian, Convolvulus pandnratna. 

BINKOIIUMBA, Phyllanthus urinaria. 

BINOCULAR, Binocula'ris : same etymon 11 
the next Relating to or affecting both eyea—M 
' binocttlar vision* — vision with both eyes ; or from 
impressions made upon both retinae, which an 
amalgamated into single vision. 

BINOC'ULUS, Bin'ocle, Dioj^thaPmica Fas- 
cia, Oc'ulis duphxf from &t», * twice,' and ochIm^ 
'an eye.' (F.) CEil double. A bandage applied 
over both eyes. It was, also, formerly called 

BIN'SICA. Disorder of the mind. Aeeord< 
ing to Van Helhont, an atrophy of the oi^gaa 
of imagination. 

BIOCHYMIA, Chymistry, vitaL 

BIOD, Via vitjilis. 

BIODYNAM'ICS, Biodynam'ica, Btodwnam'- 
ice, Biosoph'ia, from /Stos, 'life,' and emvm^ni 
' power,' ' force.' The doctrine of the vital ac- 
tivity, or forces. 

BIOGAMIA, Magnetism, animal. 

BIOLOGY, Physiology. 

BYOLYCHNION, BitAyeVnium, from fim 
'life,' and Xo;^vf oy, ' a lamp.' Innate heat, vital 
heat, animal heat« Lyeh'nium, LjfckmkPiwmi 
Thermum em'phytum, Flawtma mm Ftam'msd§ 




nkflia s«a «ordU. Alao, a B«erei prepuation of 
which Bkqujx and Burgrayb make mentioxi. 

BIOLYSIS, see Biolytio. 

BIOLTT'IC, Biol^fieua; from /?<»(, 'life/ and 
%an(, * solution/ Relating to the destruction of 
life. A ' fr*o(y(te agent' is one that causes biol'y- 
ti$f or destrnction of life. — Schultz. 

BI0MA6NETI8MUS, Magnetism, animal. 

BIONOMY, Phjsiology. 


BIOS} fitof. Life. Also, what is necessary for 
Ihe preservation of life. 

BIOSOPHIA, Biodynamics. 

BIOSTATICS, Statistics, medical. 

BIOTB, Life. 

BIOTHAX'ATI, Siaiothan'ati, from fitos, 
'life/ and ^avaros, 'death.' Those who die of a 
Tiolent death yery suddenly, or as if there was 
BO space between life and death. 


BIOTICS, Physiology. 

BIOTOMIA, Vivisection. 

BIPARIETAL SUTURE, Sagittal suture. 

BIPIN'NA, from bU, 'twice/ and pinna, 'a 
wing-feather.' A term used by the ancients for a 
diminutiTe penis, not exceeding in size two quills. 

BIR, Thorax. 

BIRA, Cerevisia. 

BIRCH, Betula alba— b. Black, Betnla lentar- 
K Cherry, Betula lenta — b. Sweet, Betula lenta. 

BIRDS' NEST, Hypopitys lanuginosa. 

BIRTH, CROSS, Presentation, preternatural 
b. IdTe, see Bom alive — b. Plural, see Multi- 

BIRTHWORT, Aristolochia^-b. Snakeroot, 
Aristolochia serpentaria. 

BISCHE, Biecho, A malignant kind of dy. 
lentery. whicb often prevails in the island of 

BISCUIT, Bhcoe'tiUf fri>, 'twice,' and eocftis, 
'baked/ (F.) W» and cm**, 'twice baked.' A 
kind of dry, bard bread, or cake, which is va- 
riously made ; and, when without eggs or batter, 
is easy of digestion. It was formerly called Di- 
pyrCtety and Bi'pjfrot. 

BISCUIT, MEAT. An alimentary prepara- 
tioa» proposed by Mr. G. Borden, Jr., of Texas, 
which consists in combining the matters ex- 
tracted from meat by boiling with flour, so as to 
form biscuits ; which keep well, and are of course 

BLSERMAS, Salvia sclarea. 

BISFERIKNS, Dicrotus. 


BIS LINGUA, Ruscus hypoglossnm. 

BISMALVA, Althfea. 

BISMUTH, Antimo'nium album, Chaleitat, 
Lmma imper/ee'ta, i^annuM glaeia'U sen einereum, 
Bumm'thHM, Wi9mu*thum, Beg'ultu of Bit'muth, 
Marctui'ta, Tin gloat, (P.) itain grU, i, de 
Olaet, A metal, in spicular plates, of a yel- 
lowish-white colour; s. gr. 9.822 ; fusible at 400<* 
Fahrenheit, and volatilisable at a high tempera- 
tore. It is used only in the preparation of the 

BisxcTH, OxTD OF, Bismuth, Subnitrate of^ 
b. Regains of, Bismuth. 

BtSMUTH, SuBiri'TiiATB OTfBitmu'tht ntbni'trat, 
Marttut'ta alba, Plumbum cine'rettm, Magxate^- 
ri^m Marca»i*tm sen Bitmutki, Bitmu'thum Nit'- 

ficnm, B. Subntt'ricum, NUrat 8ubbi*mn*th\cum, 
A'tfrcw BUmutkif Calx Vi*mu'thi, Bitmu'thum 
orifdmWtum album, Oxifd of Biamuth, Mag^iatery 
•fBintuth, Pearl Wbite, Spanith White. (F.) 
»Ufniirate de bitmutk, Oxide blanc de B., Blane 
^ fard, Blanc de perle, {Biamuth. in frustulis, 
Si- Aoid niirie, f zij. Aq. deatill. q. s. Mix a 
■Bid oonca of diBtmed water with the nitrio aoid, 

and dissolve tbe bismuth in the mixture. When 
the solution is complete, pour the clear liqumr 
into three pints of distUled water, and set the 
mixture by, that the powder may subside. Lastly, 
having poured off the supernatant fluid, wash the 
subnitrate of bismuth with distilled water, wrap 
it in bibulous paper, and dry with a gentle 
heat. Ph. U. S.) It is considered to be tonio 
and antispasmodio, and has been chiefly used in 

Bismuth, Valb'bianatb or, Biamu'thi valeri' 
cmaa, Biamu'thum valerian'teum. Prepared by 
mixing a neutral solution of oxide of biamuth in 
nitric acid, with vcUerianate of aoda; washing, 
and drying the precipitate. Used in gastrodynia, 
chronic gastralgia, neuralgia, and chronic palpi- 
tation, as a nervine. Dose, i a grain to 2 graina, 
three or four times a day, in pill. 

BISMUTHI NITRAS, Bismuth, Subnitrate 
of — ^b. Valerianas, Bismuth, valerianate of. 

BISMUTHUM, Bismuth — b. Nitricnm, Bis- 
muth, subnitrate of — b. Oxydnlatum sdhunny 
Bismuth, subnitrate of — ^b. Subnitricnm, Bismuth, 
subnitrate of — b. Valerianicum, Bismuth, vale- 
rianate of. 

BISPIRUS, Dipnoos. 

BISSUM, Hydrangea arborescens. 

BISSUS. The silky filaments which fix tho 
Pinna Mari'na to the rocks. In Italy and Cor- 
sica, clothes are made of these, whioh are consi- 
dered to favour perspiration, and are recom- 
mended to be worn next the skin in rheumatism, 
gout, ibe. See Byssus. 

BISTORT, OFFICINAL, Pylygonum bistort* 
— b. Virginian, Polygonum virginiannm. 

BISTORTA, Polygonum bistorta. 

BISTOBTIER, (F.) A name given by the 
Pharmaeien to a long wooden pestle used for 
reducing soft substances to powder, and in the 
preparation of electuaries. 

BISTOURI, (F.) PiataHen^aia gla'diua, Seal- 
peVlus, SeaVpeum, Biatoury. A small cutting- 
knife, used in surgery, — so called, according to 
Huet, from the town of Pistori, which was for- 
merly celebrated for the manufacture of those 
instruments. A bistoury has the form of a small 
knife, and is composed of a blade and handle. 
The blade, whioh is most commonly movable in 
the handle, may be fixed by a button, spring, /to. 
When fixed in the handle, the bistouri is oalled 
by the French, B. d lame fixe ou dormante. 

The chief bistouries are : — 1. The straight B. 
(F.) B. droit, in which the blade and cutting 
edge are straight, the point being fine, round, or 
square. 2. The comrsx B. (F.) B. convexe/ the 
blade of which is convex at the cutting edge, 
concave at the back. 3. The concavb B. (F.) 
B, concave ; the blade of which is concave At ite 
edge, and convex at the back. 4. BLmrr-PonrrxD 
B. (F.) B. boutonni ; the blade of which has a 
button at its extremity. 6. The blunt or probb- 
poiNTZD Bistoury op Pott; concave at its cut- 
ting edge, and its point blunt ,* so that it can be 
carried on the palmar surface of the index finger, 
to divide the stricture, in strangulated hernia. 
Sir Astley Cooper has recommended a useful 
modification of this, to avoid wounding the intes- 
tine, should it come in contact with the edge of 
the knife. His Bistoury has an edge of not more 
than eight lines in length, situate about five lines 
from the point 6. Bistouri 1 la limb, (F.) is 
a straight bistoury ; the blade fixed in the handle, 
the extremity with a button, and the edge made 
with a file. It is chiefly used for dilating parts. 
7. Bistouri rotal, (F.) A Bistoury used in ope- 
rating upon Louis XIY., for fistula in ano. 8. 
Bistouri gastrique, (F.) A complicated instm- 
ment» invented by Morand, for dilating wounds 




«f ih« abdomen. •. Bisroimi OACHi, B. hemiairef 
on Attrt^-Umrdaud lU Biennaite, Forceps de- 
eepto'ria, A ourred bifltonrii the blade of which 
is placed in a oaaid% whence it iunes on preea- 
ing a ipring. 

The word Butouri ia used by the French, at 
tunee, where we would employ knife. 

BIT NOBEN, Salt of BUu'men, Padnoon, 
S(meh€rloonf Khala mtmtio. A white, saline sab- 
stance, which is a Hindoo preparation of great 
anUquity, and has been supposed to be the Sal 
atphaUi'tet and Sal Sodomt'nuM of the ancients. 
It is used by the Hindoo in the prevention or 
ouri» of almost flU diseases. 

BITHNIMAVCA, Oat'teranax, Two un- 
meaning words, used by Dolaeus, to designate an 
active principle supposed to have its seat in the 
stomach, and to preside over ohymification, Ac. 

BITIOS DE KIS, Prootocace. 

BITTER, Amarus— b. Bark, Pinckneya pn- 
bens — b. Bloom, Gbironia angularis — b. Holy, 
Hierapicra — b. Redberry, Comus Florida — b. 
Boot, Apooynum androssemifolium, Gentiana 
CatesbSBi, Henyanthes vema — b. Sweet night- 
shade, Solanum Dulcamara — b. Sweet vine, So- 
lanum Dulcamara. 

BIT'TERNBSS, Amaritu'do, Atnarit*ie«, Am- 
a'ror, Pt'crta, (F.) Amertume. A particular taste, 
which belongs to many substances. In some 
diseasea tiiere is a sense of bitterness felt in the 

BITTEJIS, OOLUMBO, Tinotura Calumbso — 
b. Spirit, Tinctura gentianas composita — ^b. Wine, 
•Vlnnm gentianie compoaitum. 

BITTERSWEET, Solanum dulcamara. 

BITTERWEED, Ambrosia trifida. 


BITTOS. A disease, in which the chief sjrmp- 
tom is an acute pain in the anus. — Chomel. 

BITUMEN, GLUTINOUS, PisBasphaltum — 
b. Jttdaicum, Asphaltum — b. of Judsea, Asphal- 
tnm — ^b. Petroleum, Petrolseum — ^b. Malta, Pissos- 
phaltum — b. Salt of, Bitnoben — b. Solidum, As- 

BIVENTBR, Digastrious— b. Cenricis, Com- 
plezus musculus — b. Maxill», Digastricus. 

LUM, see Lobe, biyentraL 

BIXA AMERICANA, see Terra Orleana—b. 
Orleana, see Terra Orleana — b. Orellana, see 
Terra Orleana. 

BLABE, Wound. 

BLACCI^, Rubeola. 

BLACIA, Debility. 

frnticosus — b. High or standing, see Rubus fm- 

BLACK DOSE, see Infosnm Sennss compo- 

BLACK DRAUGHT, see Infusum Sennss 

BLACK DROP, Gutta) nigr». 

BLACK LION. A term given to a sloughing 
syphilitic ulcer, under which the British soldiers 
suffered greatiy in Portugal. 

BLACK ROOT, Aletris farinosa, Leptandria 


BLADDER, GALL, see Gall Bladder— b. Irri- 
table, Cysterethismus — b. Swim, Air bladder — 
b. Urinary, see Urinary Bladder. 


BL^SITAS, BUB»a ItngwM, Some authors have 
used this word as synonymous with stammering. 
See Balbuties. Sauvages understands by it a 
defect in pronunciation, which oonsists in substi- 

tQting soft oonsouaiits for those that are hard; 
as the a for 8, the d for t, the 8 for o and j, Ae. 

Also, Lisping, Traulit^mut, Tram'lotn, (F.) BU- 
Mte, BIS {parler,) 

BLASOPODES, see Kylioais. 

BL^SOPUS, see Kyllosis. 

BL^SUS. A distortion; especiaUy the oni- 
ward distortion of the legs. Also, a stammerer. 

BLAFARD, (F.) Pal'lidut, PaUid'ulut. This 
epithet is sometimes given to the skin, when pale 
and duU ; but, most frequenUy, to the flesh of a 
wound, when it has lost its colour, and become 
white. The word is, also, sometimes used syno- 
nymously with Albino. 

BLANO DE BALEINB, Cetaceum — h, d« 
Fard, Bismuth, subnitrate of — 6. cie F(Eil, Scle- 
rotic — b. d'€Eu/, Albumen ovi — 6. de PerU, Bis- 
muth, subnitrate of. 

BLANC-MANOEB, (F.) Cibw alhtu, Zeueo- 
pha'gium, Leucoph' agumy Argifrotropke'ma, An 
animal jelly, so called on account of its colour, 
combined with an emulsion of sweet aJmonds, to 
which sugar has been added, and some aromatic. 
It is sometimes prescribed as a nutriment in con- 
valescence and chronic diseases. 

BLANC-RAISIN, Blanc Rhasis. 

BLANC RHAZIS, Blane-raitin, An oint- 
ment composed of cerussa^ white wax, and olive 

BLANCA, Plumbi subcarf>onas. 

BLANCH, TO, from (F.) blanehir, 'to whiten, 
to bleach.' To whiten by depriving of the outer 
rind ; as ' to blanch almonds ;' i. e. to peel them. 

BLANOHET, (P.) A blanket A term given, 
by the French Fharmaciens, to the woollen 
struner through which they filter syrup and 
other thick fluids. See, also, Aphths». 

BLANCHING, Etiolation. 

BLANCNON ORIBASII, Polypodinm filix 

BLAS. An unmeaning term, invented by Van 
Helmont to designate a kind of movement in the 
body ; at times, local, — at others, under extrane«i 
ous influence. Thus, he speaks of the Bias mete- 
oro» of the heavenly bodies, and the BUu huma'- 
num, that which operates in man. 

Blab Altbratiyux, Plastic force. 

BLASE, (F.) An epithet given to one whom 
the abuse of enjoyment has prevented from any 
longer deriving satisfaction or pleasure from it. 

BLASTE'MA, Blatte'tity from ^Aavratw, 'I 
bud.' A germ. The sense of this word, which 
is often used by Hippocrates, is obscure. Ca9t«lli 
thinks it mean? the eruption of some morbific 
principle at the surface of the body. Also, the 
matrix or general formative element of tissues. 

BLAS'TEMAL, Blattema' lit. Relating or ap- 
pertaining to a blastema, — as ' blastemal forma- 
tions,' those that are formed from a blastema. 

BLASTODERMA, see Molecule. 

BLATTA BYZAN'TIA, Unguit odora'tu9, (P.) 
Blatte de Bytance. This name seems, formerly, 
to have been given to a marine production from 
some of the Conchylia. It had an agreeable 
smell, a reddish tint, and the shape of a nail. It 
was prescribed in epilepsy, hysteria, and hepatic 
obstructions. Rondelet affirms that it was the 
production of the shell-fish murex or purpura ; 
I and that the name Blatta is derived from the 
Greek pXarrof, 'purple.' 

BLA VELLE, Centanrea cyanns. 

BLA v£OLE, Centanrea oyanua. 

BLAVEBOLLE, Centanrea cyanna. 

BLAZING-STAR, ChamsBlirinm Inteum, U- 
BL£, Bladum, This word anawars, in Franet^ 




l» Hit word Ootm in Bngknd; L e. aoy kind of 
g^iin «Bploy«d ibr making bread. Wbeat being 
BMt eommofily uMd for this purpose, BU is 
sometimee restricted to this. BU miteil is a 
■ixtore of wheal and rje. 

BlM CORNUj Brgot— (. d^Enagne, Zea mays 
— k iTIualit, Zea Mays — 6. i/€rei7, see if^ — 
h. NwTf Polygonum ft^GpjrxaCL — h. de Turquie, 
Zea mays. 

Bit {PARLBR,) BlfBBitas. 

BLEABERRT, Vacciniam myrtUlus. 


BLEAR-BYE, Lippitado. 

BLEB, Bulla. 

BLECHNON, Polypodinm filijc mas. 

Scolopendrinm — b. Squamosum, Asplenium oe- 

BLECHROPYKA, lee Bleohros. 

BLECHROPYRUS, Typhus mitlor. * 

BLECHROS, pXnXP^s, 'weak, feeble, slow/ 
An epithet applied to different affeotions, and 
particularly to fevers. Hence Blechrop'jfra, 'a 
ilow fever f BUekro»phvg'mia, * a slow pulse.' 


BLED, Com. 

BLEEDINQ, Bloodletting, HBemorrhagia. 

— b. Heart, Cypripedium luteum. 

BlMmE, (F.) This word has nearly the same 
signifioation as Bla/ard, Generally, however, it 
indndes, also, emaciation of the oountenanee. 

BLENNA, Mucus—b. Narinm, Nasal mucus. 

BLENNADENI'TIS, from ffXatva, 'mucus,' 
mi^, ' a gland,' and itit, denoting inAammation. 
Inflammation of mucous follicles. 

BLENNELTT'RIA, from ^Xcvm, 'mucus,' and 
tk9Tp99, * a sheath.' A discharge of mncui from 
the vagina. Leucorrhoea. — ^Alibert. 

BLSNNBM'ESIS. BUnnoim'tsia, Vom'ittu 
pitnito'ms, from fiXtwa, 'muctts/ and tfuns, 
'vomiting.' Yomiting of mucus. 


BLENNISTH'MIA,from/7Xcyva, 'mucus,' and 
M5|Mfy ' Uie gullet. Increased flow of mucus 
from the pharynx and larynx. — ^Alibert. 

BLENNOCHEZIA, Diarrhoea, mucous. 


BLENNODES, Mudform. 

BLENNORMESIS, Blennemesis. 

BLBNNOG"ENOUS, BUnnog"enut,Muct/'ic, 
Mmci/*ieua, from fiXswa, ' mucus,' and ytvau, * I 
form.' Forming or generating mucus. Breschet 
snd Roossal de Vaus^me describe an apparatus 
of this kind for Uie secretion of the mucous mat- 
ter that constitutes the cuticle, composed of a 
glandular parenchyma or organ of secretion situ- 
ate in the substance of the true skin, and of 
txeretory ducts, which issue from the organ, 
and deposits the mucous matter between the 

BLENNOIDEB, Muciform. 


BLENNOPHTHALMXA, Ophthalmia, (puru- 

BLENNOPTYSIS, from ^Acwa, and ittvm, 'I 
ipit' Expectoration of mucus. Catarrh. 

BLENNOPTTRA, Blennopy'ria, from pXawi, 
and nr^, ' fire.' Alibert has classed, under this 
head, various fevers with mucous complications ; 
ts Mesenteric ftvtTf AaUno-meningtal /tveVf Ac. 

BLENNORRHAGIA, Gonorrhoea— b. Genita^ 
Hum, Lencorrhoea — b. Notha, Gonorrhoea spuria 
-^b. Spuria, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


spuria — 6. du Oland^ Gonorrhoea spuria.' 


BLENNORRH(B'A, BUnnorrhoiy Blennor^ 
rhag"iaf PhUffmorrhce'af PMegmorrka&'ia, from 
fiXtmfa, 'mucus,' and pcM, 'I flow.' Inordinate 
secretion and discharge of mucus. Also, Gonor- 

Blsitnorrbcia CHROincA, (gleet,) see Gonor- 
rhoea — b. Genitalium, Leucorrhoea — b. Luodes^ 
Gonorrhoea impura— b. Nasalis, Corysa — b. Oouli, 
see Ophthalmia — b. Oculi gonorrhoica, see Oph- 
thalmia — ^b. Oculi neonatorum, see Ophthalmia — 
b. Oculi purulenta, see Ophthalmia — b. Urethralis, 
Gonorrhoea, Cyetorrboea — b. Ventriculi, Qastror- 
rhoea — ^b. Vesicss, Oystorrhoea. 

BLENNO'SES, from /SXcyya, 'mucus.' Affee- 
tions of the mucous membranes. — Alibert. 

BLENNOTHORAX, Catarrh, Peripneumonia 
notha — ^b. Chronious, Asthma humidum. 



BLENNURIA, Oystorrhoea. 


ti» ffangrano'ta, Oarhuncula'tio OtfMii, Gangre- 
nous inflammation of the eyelids. 



BLEPHARIDOPLABTICE, Blepharoplastioe. 


BLEPHARITIS, Ophthalmia tarsi— b. Gaa- 
gnenosa, Blepharanthracosis. 

purulent — b. Neonatorum, see Ophthalmia (pur 
rulenta infantum.) 

ro9jfnde»mi'H9f from fiXs^ap^v, 'an eyelid,' and 
conjunctiva. Ophthalmia affecting the conjunc- 
tiva and eyelids. 

BLEPHARODYSCHRCE'A, from ^Xc^fMv, tha 
'eyelid,' Svt, 'with difliculty,' and xp**' 'colour.' 
Discoloration of the eyelid. Nsbvus of the eya- 
lid. — ^Von Ammon. 


BLEPHARON, Palpebra— b. Atoniaton, Ble- 

BLEPHARONCO'SIS, Bt^mharon'e^, BU- 
pharophy'maf Palpehra'rum Tuwtor, from fiXtfa- 
pwf ' eyelid,' and oynf, ' tumour.' A tumour of 
the eyelid. 

BLEPHARONCUS, Blepharoncosis. 

BLEPHAROPTHALMIA, Ophthalmia tarsi 
— ^b. Neonatorum, see Ophthalmia — b. Purulenta, 
Blepharopy orrb oea. 

S A, Ophthalmia, purulent, of infants. 

BLEPHAROPHYMA, Blepharoncosis. 

Initio Cilio'rum, from ^c^pov, 'the eyelid,' 
and vXavTiKot, 'forming,' 'formative.' The for- 
mation of a new eyelid. 

BLEPHAROPLEGIA, Blepharoptosis. 

BLEPHAROPTO'SIS, BUpharopU'gia, Canu 
paVpebrte tuperio'rttf Dtlap'tut paVpehrm, Pro- 
lap^tut pal'pebra, Propto'n* pal'pebra, Pto'M 
pal'pebr<Bf Aioniaton UepharoHf from ffXi^pov, 
'the eyelid,' and Tracts, 'falL' A falling down 
of the upper eyelid over the eye, caused by a 
paralysis of the Levator palpebra mperioris mus- 
cle. This paralysis is an unfavouraole symptom, 
as it is generally connected with a state of the 
brain favouring apoplexy or palsy. 

Blbpharoptosm Ectbopivk, Setropinm— K 
Entropion, Entropion. 




mta purulen'tOf Pyorrha'a paVpebrm, from ^Ac^ 
ofov, 'eyelid;' woy, 'pus/ and ^, <I flow.' 
Secretion of pas from the eyelids. 

Blbpharo-ptobrhcba Nbonatobuk, tee Oph- 
thalmia (purulenta infantam.) 

BLEPHARORRHCE'A, from /SXc^o^, 'eye- 
lid,' and pm, * I flow.' A discbarge of mucus 
from the eyelids. 

BLEPHAROSPAS'MUS, from/?Xc0aMv, 'eye- 
lid,' and tntaaiioi, * spasm.' A spasmodic action 
of the orbicularis palpebrarum muscle. 


BLEPHAROTIS, Ophthalmia tarsi— b. Glan- 
dularis contagiosa, see Ophthalmia. 

BLEPHAROTITIS, Ophthalmia tarsL 


B L B P H A R X Y 8'TUM, BUpharoxyi'trum, 
from ffXt^a^Vf * eyelid/ and ^wa, *I scrape.' An 
instrument used, by Uie ancients, for removing 
callosities, which made their appearance in the 
afi'ection called, by Uie Greeks, r^j^ufta, — Paolus 
of JSgina, Qorrssus. 

BLEPHIL'IA HIRSU'TA, Ohio Hortemint, 
Hairy Hortemint; an indigenous plant of (he 
Mint family, LabiatsB, which has Uie aromatic 
properties of the Mints. 

Bl£sIt£, BUesitas. 

BLESSURE, Abortion, Wound. 

BLESTRIS'MUS. Restlessness of the sick.— 

BLETA. A word, used by Paracelsus for white 
or milky urine, arising from diseased kidneys. 
Biota alba has the same meaning. 

BLEU DE PBUSSE, Prussian blue. 

rille is a village about two miles from Havre. 
The waters are acidulous chalybeate. 

BLIGHT IN THE EYE, Ophthalmia, catar- 

BLINDNESS, Ceecitas— b. Colour, Achroma- 

BLISTER, Ve9icato'rium,Empla9'tnim Venca- 
to'rium, Emplas'trumLyttafEpitpat^Heunif Blitter 
platter, from vetica, 'a bladder,' (F.) Viticatoire, 
V6»icant, Any substance which, when applied to 
the skin, irritates it, and occasions a serous secre- 
tion, raising the epidermis, and inducing a vesicle. 
Various articles produce this effect, as cantha- 
ridet, muttard, garou, euphorbiunif garlic, ammo- 
nia, Ac. Blisters are used as counter-irritants. 
By exciting a disease artificially on the surface, 
we can often remove another which may be at 
the time existing internally. A perpetual bliHer 
is one that is kept open for a longer or a shorter 
time by means of appropriate dressings. 

Blister or vetication also means the vesicle 
produced by vesicatories. 

Blistbr, Maq"i8TRAL, (P.) VMeatoire magit- 
tral. A prompt means of producing vesication 
rcommended by M. Valleix. It is prepared as 
follows : — Take powdered cantharidet and tcheat- 
Jloteer^ of each equal parts j vinegar, a sufficient 
quantity to form a soft paste. 

Blister Bkbtlb, Cantharis. 

Blister Flt, Cantharis. 

Blister Plaster, Blister. 

BLISTERWEED, Ranunculus Bcris. 

BLISTERING FLY, Cantharis— b. Paper, see 
Sparadrapum vesicatorium — b. Tissue, Sparadra- 
pum vesicatorium. 

BLITUM AMEBIC ANUM, Phytolacca de- 

BLOOD, Anglo-Saxon, blo6, from ble&an, 'to 
bleed.' Sanguis, Oruor, Lapit anima'lit, Htgrna, 
^at/ta, (F.) Sang, An animal fluid formed chiefly 
from the chyle; acquiring important properties 

during respiration ; entering every organ tliroB|^ 
the circulation ; distributing the nutritive priiiit 
pies to every texture, and the aoaree of mrmj 
secretion. 'The blood is white in the moHatoQW 
and inferior animals, which have been, he&«% 
called white-blooded, to distinguish them from 
the red-blooded, which olan indudef the maa* 
malia, birds, reptiles, and flshes. Human hloo4 
is composed of water, albumen, fibrin, an 
colouring substance, a little £aUy 
telm'um, and difierent salts; as chlorides of potet- 
sium and sodium, phosphate of lime, subcarbonate 
of soda, lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and laetalt 
of soda, united with an animal matter. ArUriaH 
blood is of a florid red colour, strong vnell, temn. 
100^ ; s. g. 1.049. Venout blood is of a brownitt 
red : temp. 98^ ; s. g. 1.051. The diSerenoe fa 
colour has given occasion to the first being calUd 
red blood ; the latter, black. The former, whiek 
is distributed fr^m the heart, is nearly the 
through its whole extent: the latter is the 
mains of the arterial blood after the differtal 
elements have been taken from it in nutritioBt 
and probably differs in composition. It likewise 
contains different substances absorbed. Venous 
blood, taken from a vessel and left to itael^ be- 
comes solid, and separates into two distinct parlSy 
— the terum or watery, supernatant fluid; and 
the cruor, coag'ulum, erattamen'tnm, h^tar sen 
placen'ta tan'guinit, plaeen'ta cruo'rit, in'tuia, 
thrombut, or clot. The serum is chiefly watsTf 
holding albumen in solution and the salts of tbs 
blood. The clot contains the flbrin, colouring 
matter — h^Bmatotin, a little serum, and a small 
quantity of salts. M. Le Oanu found the blood to 
be composed — ^in 1000 parte — of water, 785.5M; 
albumen, 69.415 ; fibrin, 3.565 ; colouring matter, 
119.626 ; crystallixable fatty matter, 4.300 ; ody 
matter, 2.270 ; extractive matter soluble in ale»> 
hoi and water, 1.920; albumen combined witti 
soda, 2.010; chlorides of sodium and potassium; 
alkaline phosphates, sulphates, and subcarbon- 
ates, 7.304 ; subcarbonate of lime and magnesia, 
phosphate of lime, magnesia and iron, peroxide 
of iron, 1.414; loss, 2.586. The four principal 
components of the blood are fibrin, albumen, 
corpuscles, and saline matter. In the circulating 
blood they are thus combined — 

Albumen I ^° solution forming Liquor SoMpn- 

Salts, 'J "^- 

Red Corpuscles — suspended in the Liquor San- 

In coagulated blood they are thus combined : 

Fibrin, ) Forming the crastamentum or 

Red Corpuscles, J clot 

Albumen, ) Remaining in solution, forming 
Salts, J terum. 

The following table exhibits the imputations 
of different physiologists regarding the weight 
of the circulating fluid — arterial and venous. 






Lobb, J. 10 


Sprenffel 10 to 15 

Giiiither ISloM 

Blake ^ I6^tolM 

Muller and Burdach , IS 

jy^Kner 90totS 

duesnai , jgf 

F. Iloffmann , fB 

g«"er 98toa0 

Young , , ^ 

Flamberger , ..m 





Th« firoportion «f arteriftl blood to ▼•nous is 
tbMt4 lo9. 

Mnch fttt«&doii haa been paid to the Tuying 
eonditioa of the blood in disease. The ayerage 
proportion of eaeh of the organic elements in 
lOM parta of healthy blood is as follows, aooord* 
lag to Le Cann, and MM. Andral and Oayarret: — 
tkin, 3; red eorposeles, 127; solid matter of the 
•aram, 60; water, 790. 

Dri^d Altaian blood was, at one tune, consi- 
dered to be anti-epileptic; Uiat of the goi^ dried, 
Sa»gnii kirei ncca*tu§, sadoriflo and antiplen* 

Blood, Abtkrial, see Blood — b. Black, see 
Bleod — ^b. Black, Vascalar system of, see Vasou- 
lar-^ Casein, Globulin — b. Cerpuscles, Globules 
of the blood — ^b. Disease, Hsematonosos — b. Disks, 
CHobales of the blood — b. Dried, see Blood — b. 
Loes of, Hnmorrhagia — b. Red, see Blood — b. 
Bed, system of, see Vascular — b. Spitting of, 
Hamoptysis — b. Venous, see Blood — b. Vomit- 
ing of, Hsematomesis — ^b. White, Lymph. 

BLOODING, Bloodletting. 


BLOOD-LETTING, ifiatto sea Detrw/tio 
Am'^awiit, H^maafitf CaUuehaa'mut, Bloodingj 
BUeding^ (F.) SaignSe, £mi»»ion tanguine. A 
discharge of a certain quantity of blood produced 
by art: an operation which consists in making 
aa opening into a yessel to draw blood from it 
When practised on an artory, it is called Arteri' 
¥fomy f on a rein, PhMMfomg, Venatt^tiOf Ver 
mtttftion ; and on the capillary ressels, local or 
tapUlary, in oontradisUnotion to the former, 
which is termed genertU, Blood-letting is used 
both during the existonce of a disease, as in in- 
flammation, and in the way of prophylaxis. It 
it employed to fulfil yarious indications. 1. To 
fimiaish the actual mass of blood; — whm it is 
termed, by the French pathologists, Saignie (tm- 
Moitvt. In such case, fluids ought not to be al- 
lowed too freely afterwards. 2. To diminish the tur- 
gesoenoe in any particular organ — ( {¥.) Saignie 
ri9ul«iv€f Jievulaive bloodUtting or bUedingt Fe- 
a«see'fu> r^ruho'riaf when performed fhr from the 
|iart afieeted ; and Saignit dirivativtf when near.) 
3. To diminish the consistence of the blood, (F.) 
SaignU tpoUaiive, The immediate effecta of 
blood-letting are: diminution of the mass of 
Uood and of heat; retardation of the pulse, and 
sometimes syncope. Blood-letting from the veins 
—phlthtAomgf is practised on the subcutaneous 
Tvini of the neck, the &ce, the fore-arm, and the 
kg; sometimes on those of the hand or foot 
The necessary apparatus consists of a bandage 
nr riband^ a compress of rag, and a lancet or 

The yetns selected for tiie operation, are, 1. 1% 
Hu fold of the ona, five; — the oephalic, basilic, 
the two median, and the anterior cubital. 2. In 
ikt handy the cephalic and salvatella. 3. In the 
foot, the great and little saphena. 4. In the neekp 
the external jugnlar. 5. In tht forehead, the 
frontaL 6. In the sioiiiA, the ranine. The ope- 
lation of phlebotomy in the limbs is performed 
by tying a circular bandage round the limb, in 
order that the subcutaneous yeins may become 
tnrgid by the course of the blood being ob- 
stracied : the bandage not being so tight, how- 
•rer, as to compress the arteries of the limb. A 
peaotare is made into the rein, and the desired 
qoantity allowed to flow. The ligature is now 
renoyed, and a compress and retaining bandage 
tppUed. CafnUarg or local blood-Uning is prac- 
tised on the skin or mucous membranes, by 
of leeches, the lancet, or capping. 

BtooDLKTOKO, Gapellart, Bce Bloodlettings 
b. Derivative, see Bloodletting — b. Bvacuatiye, 
see Bloodletdng — ^b. General, see Bloodletting— 
b. Local, see Bloodletting — b. Revulsive, sea 
Bloodletting — b. Spoliative, see Bloodletting. 

BLOODLIKE, Sanguine. 

BLOODROOT, Banguinaria Canadensis. 

BLOODSHOT, HypersBmic 

BLOODSTONE, Ha»matite8. 

BLOOD VESICLE, Globule of the blood. 

BLOOD VESSEL, (F.) Faiweaw eangwu. 
vessel destined to contain and convey blood. 

Blood Vsssbl, breakiho, bubstutq, Buprtra- 
Dfo or A. Hssmorrhagia. 

BLOODWEED, Asdepias curassavica. 

BLOODWORT, Sanguinaria Canadensis. 

BLOODY, Sangutn'ew, Oruen'hie, Sangmn'^ 
eoue, (F.) Sanguxn. Having the character of 
blood. Relating to blood. Bee Sanguine. 

BLOOM, HONEY, Apocynnm androsssmifb- 


BLOW, letMi, Plegif (F.) Coup. Effect pro- 
duced by one body striking another. The im- 
pression made by any body which strikes us, or 
against which we stnke; — a common causa of 
wounds, contusions, fractures, Ac. 

BLOWING SOUND, £ruU de SoujffU, 

BLUE-BELLS, Gentiana catesbssi. 

BLUE-BERRY, Caulophyllum thalictroides, 

BLUE BOTTLE, Oentanrea cyanus, Cyaaw 

BLUE STONE, Cupri sulphas. 

BLUET DES MOISSONS, Cyanus segetun. 

BLUSH, see Flush. 

Blush, Cutaneous, see Efflorescence. 

BOA, Boia, An eruption of red, ichorous pim- 
ples. — Pliny. See, also, Hidroa and Bndamina* 

BoA Upas, Upas. 

BO^, Syphilis. 

BOBERRI, Curcuma longa. 

BOCHIUM, Bronchocele. 

BOCIUM, Bronchocele. 

springs of Booklet, in Bavaria, are adduloQS 

BODY, OoTfnu, Soma, (F.) Oorpe; from (Ten- 
tonic) boden, the 'fundus or bottom.' (?) The 
human body is the collection of organs which 
compose the frame. At times, however, body ia 
used synonjrmously with trunk. We say, alsOp 
bodg of the femur, of the ephenoid, Ac, to desig- 
nate the shaft or middle portion of those bonei; 
bodg of the uterue, Ac Also, the rectum. 

Body, Comino down or thb, Prootocela. 

BODY-SNATCHER, Resurrectionist 

BOB, Cry. 

BOELLI, Intestines. 

BOETHEMA, Medicament 

BOG-BEAN, Menyanthes trifoliata. 


BOIA, Boa. 

BOIL, Fumnculns — b. Gum, Parulis-— b. Ma- 
lignant, see Fumnculns — ^b. Wasp's nest» see Fu- 

BOIS DE CAMPicBE, Hssmatoxylnm Cam- 
pechianum — 6. de Chgpre, Rhodium lignum — b» 
de Couleuvre, see Stryehnos — b. de Marait, Ce- 
phalanthus occidentalis — 6. de Plomb, Dirca pa- 
lustris — b. Puant, Prunus padus — b. d€ Boee, 
Rhodium lignum — 6. de Sappan, C^salpinia s^»- 
pan — b. Sudoriftque, Wood, sudorific 

waters are situate about half a league from Fon- 
tenay-le-Oompte, in France. They are purgaliTe^ 




■ad seem to oontain carbonate and Bolpbate of 
lime and chloride of iodium. 

B0I8S0N, Drink. 

BOtTEt (F.) A hox or courc, CaptOj PyxU, 
An appari^as for the reception of any matters 
which it may be desirable to preserve. In Sur- 
gery and Anatomy Bottei d atM«c<ton, B, d am- 
puiatiotif B, d tripan, B. d eataracte, Ao., mean 
the cases contaitiing these yarious instruments. 
Botte du Crane is the bony case which receives 
the brain. Boite is, also, the portion of the 
stem of the trephine which receives the pyra- 
mid or oentre-pin. Boite de Petit is a machine, 
invented by M. Petit, to retain the fractured por- 
tions of bone in apposition, when the leg has been 
fractured in a complicated manner. BoUte w, also, 
a kind of case put before an artificial anus to re- 
oeive the ffeees, which are continually being dis- 
charged. The vulgar, in France, give the name 
BoUe to various articulations, — B, de genou, B, 
de la hanche; "knee-joint, hip-joint." 

BOiTEMENT, Claudication. 

BOiTIER, (F.) Appareilf Oap'wlaungnenta'- 
rio, Capta^rinm, A Breanng-eaw. A box, con- 
taining salves and different apparatus, used more 
particularly by the dressers in hospitals. 

BOLf Bolus — 6. cPArminxe, Bole, Armenian — 
i. BlanCf Bolus alba. 

BOLA, Myrrha. 

BOLGHON, Bdellium. 

BOLE, Bolutf (F.) Bol, Terv holaire, meant, 
with the older writers, argillaceous earth, used 
as an absorbent and alezipharmic The various 
boles had different forms given to them, and were 
stamped, as in the following : 

BoLB Aniis'iriAir, Bole Arme'niae, B . Ar'me- 
me, Argil'la ferrugin'ea rubrti, A. Bolue ruhra, 
Sinapi'ne, Arena'tnen, Bolue Ortento'litf Bolus 
Armeniaca, B. Armt'nia, B. rubra, (F.) Bol 
d^Anninie. A red, clayey earth, found not only 
in Armenia, but in several countries of Europe, — 
in Tuscany, Silesia, France, Ao. It was once 
esteemed a tonic and astringenty and was applied 
a0 a styptic It is now, scarcely, if ever, used. 
It consists of argil, mixed with lime uid iron. 

BOLESIS, Coral. 

BOLESON, Balsam. 

BOLET ODOR A NT, Dndalea suaveolens. 

BOLETUS AOARICUS, B. Laricis— b. Albus, 
Boletus laricis — b. Discoideus, DsBdalea suaveo- 

Bolb'tcb EscuLBif'TUS, (F.) Morelle. An 
eatable mushroom, found in the woods in Eu- 
rope, and much admired by OaHronomee, It was 
formeriy esteemed to be aphrodisiac. 

BoLBTrs FuLTUB, B.iguiarius — b. Hippocrepis, 
B. igniarius. 

Bols'tub Ionia'biub. The systematic name 
for the Ag'aric, Agar'ieue^ Agar'ieum of the 
Pharmacopoeias, Agar'ieue Chirurgo'ntm, Agar'- 
ieut Quercde seu ignia'rius, Polyp'orut ignia'riue, 
le'ca, BoU'tue ungula'tue seu fulvue sen htppo- 
erepie seu ohtu'»t^», Spunk, Am'adou, Punk, Fun- 
gu* Ignia'rius, Fungus Querci'nus, Agaric of the 
Oak, Touchwood, Touchwood Boletus, Female 
Agaric, Tinder, (F.) Agaric de chine, Amadou- 
iner. It was formerly much used by surgeons as 
a styptic. 

Bolb'tub LAR'iaB, B. LaricVnus, Fun'gus 
Lar'ieis, Polyp' orus offieina'lie, Agar'icus albus 
ten Lar*ieis, Polyp' orus officina'lis, A. Albus op'- 
timus, B.purgans, B, albus, B. agar'icus, B. ofi- 
eina'lis. White Agaric, (F.) Agaric blanc. On 
the continent of Europe it has been given as a 
oathiutlo and emetie, as well as to moderate the 

sweate In pbthldB.-*-De Ha«n. BztemaHy, 

BoLBTTTB Obtttbus, B. igniartos — h. OfBdnalii, 
B. laricis — ^b. Purgans, Boletus laricis — ^b. Balieisy 
Dsedalea suaveolens — b. Suaveolens, Dasdaleft 
snaveolens — b. Touchwood, Boletus igniarioa. 

BOLT MARTia, Fermm tartariaatom. 

B0LI8M0S, Boulimia, 

BOLI'TES. The mushroom; perhaps tha 
AgaHieus AurasUiacus, — Pliny, Martial, Sento- 
nius, Qalen. It waa so oalledi in conseqneaoa 
of its shape, — ^from Bolus. 

BOLUS, /SuAof, a morsel, a mouthful, a bole^ 
(F.) Bok A phaurmaoeutioal preparation, having 
a pilular shape, but larger; capable, however, of 
being swallowed as a pUl. 

Bolus Alba, Terra SigiUa'ta, Argil'la pal" 
lid'ior : called sigilla'ta, from being commonly 
made into small cakes or flat masses, and stamped 
or sealed with certain impressions. (F.) Bol 
blanc, Terre SigilUe, Argile ochreuse pdU, It 
was used like Bole Armenian, and was brought 
from Etruria. See Terra. 

Bo LIT 8, Alihbn'tart, Bolus Alimenta'riua. 
The bole formed by the food, after it has under- 
gone maatieation and insalivation in the mouth ; 
and been eollected upon the tongue prior to de- 

BoLTJS Orixrta'lis. a kind of bolar earth, 
only distinguished from Bole Armenian in being 
brought from Constantinople. See Bole, Arme- 

BoLUB RtTBRA, BoIc, Armenian. 

BOMA'REA SALSIL'LA. The inhabitants 
of Chili use this plant as a sudorific It is given 
in infusion in cutaneous diseases. 

BOMB AX, Goseypium. 


BOMBUS, Au'ritm fiuetua'tio, A. Sib'Uua, A. 
Son'iius, A, Susur*rus, (F.) BombemsnU A kind 
of ringing or buuing in the ears ; — charaoterixed, 
according to Sauvagbs, by the perception of 
blows or beating repeated at certain intervala. 
Also, BorborygmuB. See Flatulence, and Tin- 
nituB Annum. 

BOMBTX MORI, see Serioum. 

BON, Coffea Arabica. 

BONA. Phaseolus vulgaris. 


BONA FEVER, see Fever, Bona. 

BONDUE, Oymnocladus Canadensis. 

BONE, Os, Os'teon, Os'teum, (F.) Os, Saxon, 
ban. The bones are the solid and hard parts, 
which form the basis of the bodies of animals 
of the superior classes ; and tiie union of which 
constitutes the skeleton. The human body has, 
at the adult age, 208 bones, without including 
the S2 teeth, the ossa Wormiana, and the sesa- 
moid bones. Anatomists divide them, from their 
shape, into 1. Long bones, which form part of the 
limbs, and represent columns for supporting the 
weight of the body, or levers of different kinds 
for tiie muscles to act upon. 2. Flat bones, which 
form the parietes of splanchnic cavities ; and, 3. 
Short bones, met with in parts of the body where 
solidity and some mobility are necessary. Bones 
are formed of two different textures ; spongy and 
compact. They afford, on analysis, much phos- 
phate and carbonate of lime, a little phosphate 
of magnesia, phosphate of ammonia, oxides of 
iron and manganese, some traces of alumina and 
silica, gelatin, fat, and water. The uses of the 
bones are mentioned under each bone. They 
give shape to the body, contain and defend tiie 
viscera» and act as levers to the muscles. 












Bones or Um 

Bone oT tbe 

Prooui 1 

ParietBl 9 

Occipital 1 

Temporal. 8 

Ethmoid 1 

Bpbeaoid 1 

Superior Maxiliary. . . • 9 

Jaffa! or Cheek S 

Naial 8 

Lachrymal 8 

Palatine 8 

Inferior ^ngy 8 

Vomer ] 

Inferior Maxillary .... 1 

Inciiorefl 8 

Cuspidati 4 

Molarea ' SO 


j Ryoid 

Boneeof the 




Malleaa 8 

Incus 3 

Orbiculare 8 

Stapes 8 

Cerrical 7 

Dorsal 18 

Lumbar S 

Bons OF 
rsa Bx- 

Boms or 


Smerum .... 
Om Oeepfit . . . 

Tbe Tkormz, \ 

The FtMa, 

Tbe Aeittfer. j 

Tbe Arm. 

Are-ersu . 


llM TUfk, 

Sternum 1 

Ribe 84 

Innominatum 8 

Clavicle 8 

Scapula 8 

Humerus 8 

Ulna 8 

Radius 8 

Navicolara 8 

Lunare 8 

Cuneiforme 8 

Orbiculare 8 

Trapezium 8 

Trapetoides 8 

Mafnum • 8 

Unciforme *.* 8 


or i 







Pemur 8 

Patella 8 

Tibia 3 

Fibula S 

Calcis Os 8 

Astraffslns 8 

Cuboides 8 

NaTiculate 8 

Cuneiforme 6 



Total, 940 

BoiB-AcH, Oeteooopua — b. Back, Vertebral 
eohunn — b. B«r, Pubis, os-rb. Blade, Bcapula — 
b. Boat-like, Os scBphoides — b. Breasty Stemam 
— b. Cropper, Oooeyz. 

BoHB Fbtbb, see Inflammation. 

Boirv, Havncb, Ilion — ^b. Interparietal, Inter- 
pwioUl bone — b. Bump, Cocoyz— -b. Share, Pn- 
W-b. Splinter, Fibnla. 

BosB Nippbbs, OHtul'eum, TVitae'u/o, from 
fsaeo, * I hold.' (F.) TenailU incitivt. An in- 
Jkument used for outting olf splinters and car- 
tilagei. It is B kind of foreeps, tbe bandies of 
vbieh are strong, and the edges, whiob touch 
sack other, cutting. 


BONB-DOCTOB, /?eiioiievr. 

BONESET, Eupatorium perfoliatom— b. Up- 
lead, BupBtorium sessilifoUom. 

BOKE-SBTTEB, Benouear, 

esriam— K Friability of the, FragilitM ossium— 
b. Salt of^ Ammonias oarbonma — b. Softening of 
the, MoUities oesinm. 

BONIFACIA, Boseus hypoglossnm. 

BONNM DAME, Atriplez bortensis. 


is a Tillage six leagues from Pan, in the depart- 
ment Bau€9 Pyrinittf France. Here are several 
thermal springs. They were celebrated as early 
as the time of Francis I., under the name Eavx 
cTArquebuHuie, They contain chlorides of sodium 
and magnesium, sulphates of magnesia and lime, 
sulphur, and silica. The temperature is from 78^ 
to QS^* Fahrenheit. 

The/ac(t<ioiM Eau de Bojtnbs is made of Hy- 
dronUphuretted toateTf f^ir ; pure water, Oj. and 
f^ss; chloride of eodium, gr. xxx; eulpkate of 
fiMgneeiOf gr. i. 

BONNET, Reticulum. 


poe'ratee, Mitra Hippocrat'iea, Fae'cia eapita'lie, 
Pi'leue Hippoerat'iciu, A kind of bandage, the 
invention of which is ascribed to Uippocratee. 
It consists of a double-headed roller, passed over 
the head so as to envelop it like a cap. Th« 
French, also, name it» Bonnet d deux globe$f 
Capeline de la ttte, 

BONNTCLABBER, Clahher, from Iiisb, 
hain€, 'milk,' and elabair, 'mire.' In Ireland, 
sour buttermilk. In this country, the thick part 
of sour milk. 

febrifuga — b. Trifoliata, Cusparia febrifuga. 

BONTIA QBRMINANS, AvicennU tomen. 

BONUS GENIUS, Peueedanum->b. Henrion«, 
Chenopodium bonus Henricns. 

BONT, Osseous. 


BOONA, Phaseolus vulgaris. 


BOOTIKIN. A glove with a partition for the 
thumb, but no separate ones for tiie fingers — ^like 
an infant's glove — ^made of oiled silk. — Dr. E. J. 
Seymour. Horace Walpole speaks in raptures 
of the benefit he derived from bootikins in gouU 

BORAC'IC ACID, Aef'idum Borac"icum, Sal 
eedati'vue Hombbr'&i, Borie Acid, (F.) Acide 
boraeique. An acid obtained from borax, whieh 
was once looked upon as sedative. It was also 
called Aoor Borae"ieu9, Sal vitrioli nareot'teum, 
Sal volat'iU Bora'eie, and Florea Bora'eie. 

BOB AGE, Borago officinalis. 

BORA'GO OFFICINA'LIS, Bugloe'eum ««. 
fitm, Bug. lati/o'liuuif Borra'go, Corra'go, Bo^ 
rago horten'titf Borage, (F.) Bourraehe, NaU 
Ord. Boraginea. Sex, Siftt, Pentandria Hono- 
gynia. The leaves and flowers have been con* 
sidered i^erient. 


BORATHRON, Juniperus Sabina. 

BORAX, Borae Soda, Sodef Bibo'rae, Subbo- 
rae Sodee, Borae euperaat'urue eoda, SocUi Bo- 
raxa'ta, Ckrgeocol'la, Capit'trum auri, S^^borate 
of protox'ide of So'dium, Subprotobo'rate of So- 
dium, Borae Soda alccUee'cena sen alcali'num, 
Borae eupereo'dieue, Borax VeWetut, Sitbbo'rae 
Na'tricum, Borax'irion, Nitrum facti"tiumf Ac. 
Subbo'rate or Biboraie of Soda, Borate of Soda, 
(F.) Borate on Soue-borate de Soude, Borate eur- 
eaturS de eoude. It is found in an impure state in 
Thibet and Persia. It is inodorous ; taste cool, 
and somewhat alkaline; soluble in 12 parts of 
water. Borax is seldom used except as a lotion 
in apbtbsB. 

BoRATB or Mbrcubt hae been recommended 
as an antisypbilitie. 


African shrub, used in asthma and hydrothoraXi 
In decoction, it is given as a dioretio. — Pappe. 





BOBBOBYO'MTTS, from P»f0o^^m, *l make a 
doll noiae.' Murmur Ben Bomhu» sea MoUu In- 
Uitino'rumf Anile'maf Anile'M, CcRlopaoph'iOf In- 
tona'Ho inte^tina'lU, Murmur ventrtM seu inttiti- 
na^U, Borborygmf (F.) OargouiUementf ChrouilU- 
mtent ePBntratUet. The noise made by flatus in 
the intestines. This happens often in health, 
espeoially in nervous individuals. 

BORD, (F.) Margof Edge, Margin, Anato- 
mists have so named the boundaries of an organ. 
Thus, the bones, muscles, Ac, have hord$ as well 
•a bodies. The 'free edge,' hard lihre, is one not 
eonnected with any part; the 'adhering edge,' 
hard adhfrent, one that is connected; and the 
hard articulairt, or ' articular margin, or edge,' 
that which is joined to another bone. 

BORD OILIAIRE, Ciliary margin. 

Near this great city, in the south-west of France, 
Is a saline, chalybeate spring. It contains oxide 
of iron, carbonate and sulphate of lime, chlorides 
of sodium and calcium, snbcarbonate of soda, and 
sulphate of magnesia. 

BORE, Boron. 

BORONS, (F.) Ooele9, Unoe^ulut, Lweua, 
jAueio*9u$, One who has only one eye, or sees 
only with one. The word has been used, figu- 
ratively, for blind, in snrgeiy and anatomy. Bee 


BORIUM, Boron. 

BORKHAUSENIA CAVA, Fumaria bulbosa. 

BORN ; past particle of (ear, (F. ) n^ Brought 
forth from the womb. 

Bour Alivb. It has been decided by English 
judges, that ' to be born alive,' means that acts 
of life must have been manifested after the whole 
body has been extruded ; and that respiration in 
franaitu is not evidence that a child was bom 
alive. It must be 'wholly born alive;' hence res- 
piration may be a sign of life, but not of live birth, 

BORON, ^o'rttim,J?orum,(F.)J?ore. A simple 
substance, the basis of boraoic add ; obtained, by 
beating potassium with boracic acid, as a dburk 
olive-coloured powder, devoid of taste and smell. 
Heated in the ur or in oxygen, it is converted 
into boracic acid. 

BOR'OSAIL, Z<ul, Ethiopian names for a 
disease, very common there, which attacks the 
organs of generation, and appears to have oon- 
giderable analogy with syphilis. 

BORRAGO, Borago officinalis. 

BORRI, Curcuma longa. 

BORRIBBRRI, Curcuma longa. 

a village in B6am. The waters are chalybeate. 

BORUM, Boron. 

BOSA. An iBgyptian name for a mass, made 
of the meal of dvnel, hemp-seed, and water. It 
is inebriating. — Prospero Alpini. 

lum glancum. 

BOSOM, see Mamma. 

BOSSA, Plague token. 

BOSSE, mimp, Protuberaace — (. NaaaU, 
Kasal protuberance. 

BOSWELLIA SERRATA, see Jnnipems lyeia. 

BOTAL FORA'MEN, Fora'men Bota'li seu 
BataPlii; the Fora'men ova'U, (F.) Trou de 
Botal, Trou ovale, A large opening which exists 
in the foetus in the partition between the two 
auricles of the heart ; and by means of which 
the blood passes from one to the other. Its 
discovery is generally attributed to Leonard Bo- 
tallus, Botal, or Botalli, who wrote in 1602. It 
was spoken of, however, by Vesalins, and even 
by Qfltlen. 

BOTANB, Herb. 



BOT'ANY, MED'ICAL, Botan'iea Med'iea^ 
Medusi'na Botan'iea, Phjftolog"ia mcd'iea / from 
fiormni, 'an herb,' (F.) Botanique MSdieaU, The 
knowledge of the properties, characters, Ae., of 
those vegetables which are used in medicine. 

BOTAR'QO, (F.) Botargue, A preparation 
made in Italy and the south of France, with the 
eggB and blood of the Mugileeph'alua or MuUttg 
strongly salted, after it has become putresoent. 
It is used as a condiment. 

BOTARGUE, Botargo. 

BOTHOR. An Arabic term for abscess in Iha 
nares. It means, also, a tumour in general; 
especially those which are without solution of 

BOTHRIOCEPH'ALUS, Botrioceph'alu* U- 
tut, Bothrioeeph'alum, Botriocepk'alut, from ^06- 
pi9v, * a small pit,' and nt^Xfi, ' head,' Ta'nia laCa, 
T, vulga'rit, Lumhri'cut latue, Plate'a, T, oe'euK^ 
latercU'ibua gem'inie, T.gritea, T. membrana'eea, 
T. teneVla, T. denta'ta, T. huma'na iner'mit, BaV- 
yti* memhrana'eea, T, prima, T. otfeulia lateral' 
ibu§ tolita'riit, T, aeeph'ala, T. oteiUis 9uperM- 
eial'ibuB, T. d anntaux eourU, T. non arml, Ver 
•olitaire. Broad Tape worm. Common in 8wit- 
serland, Russia, and some parts of France. It 
inhabits the intestines of man, and extends to an 
enormous length. A broken specimen haf been 
obtained 60 yards long. — Qoese. 

BOTH'RION, Both'rimn, from ^^, 'a pit, 
cavity,' Ac. An alveolue or small fossa. A 
small deep nicer on ihe cornea. — Galen, Panlof 
of ^gina. See Fo—ette, 

BOTHRIUM, Bothrion, Fometu, 

BOTHROS, Fovea. 

BOTIN, Terebinthina. 

BOTIUM, Bronehocele. 

BOTOTHINUM. Au obsourv term, nsed by 
Paracelsus to denote the most striking symptom 
of a disease : — the Floe morbi, 

BOTOU, Pareira brava. 

BOTRIOOEPHALUS, Bothrioeephalna. 

BOTRION, Alveolus. 


B0TRY8, Chenopodinm botiys, see Vitis vinl- 
fera— b. Ambroisioides, Chenopodium ambro- 
sioides — ^b.AmericanayChenopodiumambrosioides 
— b. Anthelmintioum, Chenopodium anthelmin- 
ticnm — b. Mexicana, Chenopodium ambrosioides. 

BOTTINE, (F.) A thin boot or buekin, O'erea 
U'vior, An instrument, which resembles a small 
boot, furnished with springs, stn4>s, buckles, Ao., 
and used to obviate distortions of the lower ex- 
tremities in children. 

BOTTLE-NOSE, Gntta rosea. 

BOTTLE-STOOP. In Pharmacy, an arrange- 
ment for giving the proper inclination to a bottle 
containing a powder, so as to admit of the con- 
tents being readily refnoved by the knife, in dis- 
pensing medicines. It consists of a block of 
wood with a groove in the upper surface, to re- 
ceive the bottle in an oblique position. 

BOUB ALIOS, Momordica elaterium, Vulva. 

BOUBON, Bubo. 

BOVCAOE MAJEUR, Pimpinella magna— 
6. Mineur, Pimpinella saxifraga — 6. Petit, Pbn- 
pinella saxifrage. 

BOUOHE, Mouth. 

BOUCLEMENT, Inflbnlation. 

B0UE8 DE3 EAUX, (F.) Bouee MinirahB, 
Bal'nea Goeno'wa, The mud or swamp, formed 
near mineral springs, impregnated with the sub- 
stances contained in such springs^ and eonse- 
quentiy possessing similar properties. The Bowse 
are applied generally and topically, in France^ 
at the springs of SU Amaad, Baga^rei de Lns^oo^ 




B^olt, Bareges ; in the United Statefl, at the 
White 8nlphur in Virginiay Ao. 
B0UE8 MINER ALES, Bourn deatwaac 
BOUFFEy (F.) The smali eminence, formed 
by the junction of the two lips. — Dalaarens. 
BOUFFISSURE, Puffiness. 
BOUGIE, (F.) A wax candle: CkmdeVula, 
Omd^ia, C, e^reOf Ckmde'la mediea'taf C^reum 
wudica'tumtf Cereohu Okirurg</rumy Dtt'dion, 
SpcciVlum ee'rewn, Virga ce'rett, Osreolui, A 
flexible cylinder, variable in else, to be intro- 
inoed into the urethra, oesophapu, rectum, Ac, 
for the purpoee of dilating these canals, when 
contracted. A Simple Bougie is composed of 
•olid and insoluble substances ; as plaster, elastic 
gum, catgut, Ac. It acts of course only mecha- 

Bouons, MED'icAntD, (F.) B. Mtdicamenteute, 
has the addition of some esoharotio or other sub- 
stance to destroy the obstacle ; as in the Cavetic 
Bougie, which has a small portion of Lunar Caue^ 
he or Common Cauetie inserted in its extremity. 
Dacamp has recommended a Bougie, which swells 
out near its exti^raity, for the better dilating of 
the urethra. This he calls B, d ventre. The 
swtatfte Bougie, invented by Smyth, is a compo- 
sition of metal, allowing of great flexibility ; and 
a koliow Bougie is one, with a channel running 
through it, to be used in the same manner as the 
estheter, or otherwise. 

BOUILLIE (F.), Pultieula, Pap, from (F.) 
houiiUr, * to boiL' Flour, beaten and boiled with 
Bulk. It is a common food for infants. 

BOUILLON, (F.) from houiUir, <to boil,V««, 
Sorhit'io. A Uquid food, made by boiling the 
flesh of animals in water. The osmaiome, gela- 
tin, and soluble salts dissolve ; the fat melts, and 
the albumen coagulates. Bouillon is nourishing, 
owing to Uie gelatin and osmasome. The Jut de 
Yimkde is a very concentrated Bouillon, prepared 
of beef, mutton, veal, Ac. 

BOUILLON, in common language, in France, 
means a round fleshy excrescence, sometimes 
seen in the eentre of a venereal ulcer. 
BOUILLON BLANC, Yerbascnm nigrum. 
MAGEUTIQUES, Medicinal or Phxrmaeeutie 
BomiUoue, contain infusions or decoctions of me- 
dicinal herbs. The BouilUm aux herbee is gene- 
rally eomposed of eorrel or beet. 

BOUILLON d'OS, fF.) Bomllon from honea, 
is obtained by treating nones with muriatic acid, 
hi order to dlnolve the earthy parts. The gela- 
tia, which remains, is then boiled with a little 
Beat and vegetables. — D'Aroet Bouillon, how- 
ever, can be easily obtained from the bones of 
roast meat by simple cootion. 
BOUIS, Buxus. 

BOULE I/ACIBR, Fermm tartaritatnm— 6. 
de Mar; Fermm tartarisatum — MoUheim, 
Fermm tartarisatnm — b. de Nancy, Fermm tar- 
BOULE AV COMMUN, Betula alba. 
B0ULE8I8, Voluntas. 

BOULIM'IA, Bulim'ia, Bulim'iue, Bu'limue, 
BoefUmoe, Bulim^aeie, Boliemoa, EcUm'ia, Famee 
eum^na, Appeti'tue eaninue, Appeien'tia eanVna, 
Adepha'gia, Oyu/ores^ic^ Orczfie cyno'dee, Bupi'- 
■o, Bupe^ma, Phaga'na, PKageda'na, Famee 
Bovi'na, F. Lmri'ua^ from fievg, * an ox,' and >ifio(, 
'hanger;' or from fie, augmentative particle, and 
\t^t, 'hunger,' (F.) J?o«/t1mte, Faim canine, F. 
dHormuie, Polgpkagie. An almost insatiable 
hvager. A eaattie tqipetite. It is sometimes 
•sen in hyeteria and pregnancy; rarely under 


Boulogne is in the department of Pas-de-CalaiSy 
France. The waters are chalybeate. 

(F.) from bouquet, a collection of flowers or other 
Bubetances tied together. A name given, by some 
anatomists, to the collection of ligaments and 
muscles, inserted into the styloid process of the 
temporal bone. 

Bouquet Fbver, Dengue. 

BOURBILLON, see Furanculus (core.) 

OF. Bourbon-Lancy is a small village in the 
department of Sadne-et- Loire, France; where 
there are thermal saline springs, containing car- 
bonic acid, chloride of sodium, and sulphate of 
soda, chloride of calcium, carbonate of lime, iron, 
and silica. Their heat is from 106° to 135^ 

WATERS OF. This town is in the department 
of Allier, six leagues west from MouUns, and 
has been long celebrated for its thermal chaly- 
beate waters. They contain sulphohydric acid, 
sulphate of soda, matrnesia, and lime, carbonate 
of iron, and silica. Their temperature varies be- 
tween 136<> and 146° Fahrenheit 

WATERS OF. These springs are seven leagues 
from Langres, department of Haute -Mamci 
France. They are thermal and saline, and have 
been long celebrated. Temperature from 106^ 
to 133° Fahrenheit. The Faetitioue water, (F.) 
Eau de Bourbonne4e§-Baine, Aqua Borwmeweit, 
is composed of u>ai€7\ containing twice its bulk 
of corftoatc acid, f^zxss; chloride of eodiumf 
f 3J, chloride of eale%um, gr. x, Ac. 

A village near Mount d'Or, where there are two 
thermal saline springs. 

BOURDAINE, Rhamnus frangula. 

BOURBONNEMENT, Tinnitus annum. 

BOURBONNET, PulviVlue, P. e linamcn'Ht 
eonfecftue, P. rotun'due, Boeeil. A term in French 
surgery for chupie rolled into a small mass of 
an olive shape, which is used for plugging wounds, 
absorbing tiie discharge, and preventing the 
union of their edges. In cases of deep and pene- 
trating wounds, as of Uie abdomen or chest, a 
thread is attached to them by which they may 
be readily withdrawn, and be prevented from 
passing altogether into those cavities. 

BOURoMnE, Rhamnus frangula. 

BOURGEON, Granulation, Papular-^. Char^ 
nu, Qranulation. 

BOURGEONS, Gutta rosea. 

BOURRACUE, Borago officmalis. 

BOURRELBT (F.), A Pad, a Border. A 
flbro-cartUaginons border, which surrounds cer- 
tain articular cavities, such as the glenoid cavity 
of the scapula and the acetabulum ,* by which tfai 
depth of those cavities is augmented. 

BOURRELBT ROULi, Cornu ammonis. 

BOURSE d BERGER, Thlaspibursa— 6. iL 
Paeteur, Thlaspibursa. . 

BOURSES, (LES,) Scrotum. 


BOUTON, Papula— 6. d'Alep, see Anthrax^ 
b. Malin, see Anthrax — b, a* Or, Rannnculua 

BOUTONNIERE (P.), Fi-u'ra, Incie^io. A 
small incision made into tiie urethra to extract a 
calculus from the canal, when it is too large to 
be discharged. 

Also, a small incision or puncture, made in tiie 
peritoneum, or above the pubis, to penetrate the 
bladder in certain eaaee of retention of orina. 




BOVACHEVO, Datara sanguinea. 

BOVILLvE, Rubeola. 

BOVISTA, Lyooperdon. 

BOWEL, Intestine. 

BOW LEGGED, see Cnemoscoliosis. 

BOWMAN'S ROOT, Euphorbia coroUata, Gil- 
lenia trifoliata, Leptandria purpurea. 

BOXBERKY, GuuUheria. 

BOX, MOUNTAIN, Arbutus uva uraL 

BOX TREE, Buxus, GomuB Florida. 

BOXWOOD, C(»riiu8 Florida. 

JWYAl\ Intestine. 

BRABYLON, Prunum Damasconum. 



BRACIIIA COPULATIVA, see Peduncles of 
the Cercbelluui. 

BRACHIA PONTIS, see Peduncles of the 

BRACHIiRUS, Brachial — b. Intomus, Bra- 
ohialis anterior. 

BRA'CHIAL, Brackia'lu, Braehi<B'ut, from 
Brachium^ * the arm.' What belongs to the arm. 

Brachial Aponkuro'sis. An aponeurosis, 
formed particularly by expansions of the tendons 
of the latiHtiimus dorsi, pectoralis mi^or, and del- 
toides muscieii, and which completely envelops 
the muscles of the arm. 

Brachial Artery, Arte'ria hraehia'Ut, Hu'- 
meml Artery, (F.) Art f re ou TVomc brachial. 
The artery, which extends from the axilla to the 
bend of the elbow ; where it divides into A. cubi- 
talis and A. radinlit. It pa5se8 along the inter- 
nal edge of the biceps, behind the median nerve 
and between the accompanying veins. Under 
the name Brachial Artery^ M. Chanssier includes 
the subclavian, axillary, and humeral, the last 
being the brachial proper. 

Brachial Muscle, Anterior, M%ti^culu» Bra- 
chia'li* Antf.'riory Brachia'lit internuSf B. anti'- 
c«*, Brachitp'uaf BrachitB'tu iitternus, (F.) Mxmcle 
brachial interne, Ilumiro-cubital — (Ch.) This 
muscle is situate at the anterior and inferior part 
of the arm, and before the elbow-joint. It arises, 
fleshy, from the middle of the os humeri, and is 
inserted into the coronoid process of the ulna. 
C/m. To bend the fore-arm. 

Brachial Plexus, Plcxut Brachia'lit, is a 
'nervous plexus, formed by the interlacing of the 
anterior branches of the last four cervical pairs 
and the first dorsal. It is deeply seated in the 
hollow of the axilla, and extends as far as the 
inferior and lateral part of the neck. It gives 
oflF the thoracic nerves, mpra and in/ra acapularf 
and the brachial (which are six in number,) the 
axillary, cutaneoiu, musculo-attaneout, radialf 
cubital, and median. 

Brachial Veins are two in number, and ac- 
eompany the artery, frequently anastomosing 
with each other : they terminate in the axillary. 
Under the term Brachial Veiny Chaussier in- 
cludes the humeral, axillary, and subclavian. 


BRACIIIAL'GIA, NeuraVgia Brachia'lit, 
from 0paxioVf * the arm,' and oKyoff * pain.' Pain 
in the arm, neuralgia of the arm. 

BRACHIA LIS, Brachial—b. Anticus, Brachial 
muscle — b. Extemus, see Triceps extensor cubiti 
— b. Internus, Brachial muscle. 




nata arteria — b. Veins, Innominatce venee. 

B R A 'C II 1 0-C U' B I T A L, Brachio-cubita'lit, 
That which belongs both to the arm and cubitus. 
This name has been given to the internal lateral 
ligament of Uie elbow-joint; beoaiuo it ia at- 

tached to the OB brachii or 08 hameii and to Ibt 
cubitus or ulna. 

BRACIIIUCYLLO'SIS, from fif^x^w '^ 
arm,' and KvWutoti, * the act of making crooked.' 
Curvature of the arm inwards.' Paralyais or Ion 
of power fn»in curvature of the arm. 

BRAC^HION, Brachium. 

BRACUION'CUS, from 0paxtw, 'the arm/ 
and oyKoi, ' a swelling.' A tumour of the am. 

BRA'CHIO-RA'DIAL,^racikio-ra(/ta'/i«. Theft 
which belongs to the brachium and radius. TUt 
name has been applied to the extemsLi latenl 
ligament of the elbow-joint, because it ia attaehed 
to the humerus and to the radius. See Sapinator 
radii longus. 

BRACniORRHEU'MA, BheumattM'mmM bmf. 
chiif from /3pa;^iwv, ' the arm,' and mv^o, 'deflwE- 
ion, rheumatism.' RheumaUam of the "— -* 


BRA'CHIUM, Bra'ehion, Lacer'tut, {F.)Brm, 
the arm. The arm from the shoulder to the wiii^ 
or the part between the shoulder and elbow. See 
Humeri, Os. 

Bra'chiux Ante'rius. a rounded proceM^ 
which passes from the anterior pair of Uie cor- 
pora quadrigemina {natc») obliqaely outwardl 
into the thalamus opticus. 

Brachicm Moyens Qcabtus, Latlsrimus dorrii 

Bra'chiusi Poste'rius. a rounded proeea^ 
which passes from the posterior pair of the qnap 
drigcmina {teates) obliquely oatwarda into the 
optic thalamus. 

BRACnUNA, Nymphomania, Satyriasis. 

BRACUYAU'CUEN, from fipdxos, 'shorty' and 
avxvv, * neck.' One Who has a short neck. 

BRACHYCEPU'ALiE, (Oentes) 'short head%' 
from 0pax»Sf * short,' and m^oAv, ' head.' In the 
classification of Retzius, those nations of mm 
whose cerebral lobes do not completely cover the 
cerebellum — as the Solavonians, Fina, Persiani| 
Turks, Tartars, Ac. 

BRACHYCHRON'IUS, from /Spa^vj, 'short,' 
and xP<'^'*ft * time.' That which continues bnt a 
short time. A term applied to diseases whiek 
are of. short duration. — Galen. 

BRACUYONA'THUS, from fi^x^t, *Aiai^ 
and yvaBoif ' the under jaw.' A monster with too 
short an under jaw. — Gurlt 

BRACHYNSIS, Abbreviation. 


BRACIIYP'OTI. from /5pax»f, 'short,' and 
Korrii, * drinker.' They who drink little, or who 
drink rarelv. Hippoc, Galen, Foesius. 

BRACHYRHYN'CHUR; from /Sp«x»f> *»l«w*>' 
and pvyxoif 'snout.' A monatcr with too short a 

BRACHYSMOS, Abbreviation. 

BRACING, Corroborant. 

BRACKEN, Pteris aquilina. 

BRADY^STIIE'SIA, from /9pc^(, ' ^Ufflenlty' 
and aivBnfftq, ' sensation.' Impaired Peneation. 

BRADYBOLISMUS, Bradyspennatifmns. 

BRADYECOIA, Deafness. 

BR AD YLOG"IA, Jhftln'Ha/ from 0paivs, 'diffi- 
cult, and Xoyof, * a discourse.' Diffienlty of speech. 

BRADYMASE\SI8, Bradvmame'nt, inpro- 
porly Bradyma»tc.'»ia, Manduca'tio diJic"Ui», 
from Ppaiv(, 'difiioult,' and mamicis, 'maatiea* 
tion.' Difficult mastication. See Dysmaaent. 

BRADYMASTESIS, Bradymaaeeia. 

BRADYPEP'SIA, Tarda eibo'mm eaneoe'tio, 
from fipaSvt, ' slow,' and wtrru, ' I digeak' Slow 
digestion. — Galen. See Dyspepsia. 

Ejacula'tio tem'init imped'ita, Djftpmmatit^mmf 
from iipa6vsf 'slow/ and cn^^, 'aperm.' A eknr 
emission of sperm. 

BRADYSU'RIA, Jeaes'mM wmi^cm, ('•) iV- 




■mmaMmJ; froM fifi»ft 'difflealV Mid m^civ, 
' U) put the urine.' Painful eyaouation of the 
ariiMy vilh perpetual desire to void it. Dymiria. 

BRADTTOCIA, Dystocia. 

BRAO'GET, Braggarty Bragwfrt, A name 
lbnB«rIj applied to a tisan of honey and water. 
See fiydromelL 

BRA/, UQUIDBy lee Pinna aylTestrie — (. 
JSk, Colophonia. 

BRAIN, Cerebrum — b. Faf, see Nervous dia- 
thetic— b. Little, Cerebellum — b. Pan, Cranium. 

is ft mall rilla^, three leagues from Soissons, 
Fraoee, which has purgatiTe waters similar to 
thoM of Pafsy. 

BRAKE. COMMON, Pteris AquUlna^b. Rock, 
Polypodinm Tulgare, Polypodium inoanum — b. 
Bool, Poljpodium vulgare. 

ftvtiooeus— b. Common, Rnbus frutieosufl. 

BRAN, Furfur. 


BRANCA GERMANICA, Heraelenm spondy. 
liDD—b. Ursinay Aeanthna mollis — ^b. Vera, Aoan- 
thoA mollis. 

BRANCH, from (F.) Bmneke, originally, pro- 
l»bly, Irom $faxiwtf <an arm,' (?) because branches 
of trees, Ac, go off like arms. A term applied, 
|tn«nlly, to tJie principal division of an artery 
or nerre. The word is commonly used synony- 
Bottfly with Jtawui*; but often, with the French, 
Braii«A« signlllea the great division; — Bameau, 
LsL J^oniM, the division of the branches ; and 
EammaaUea, L*t. Bamuteuli, the divisions of 

The French, also, speak of the branchet of the 
pabis for the Rami of that bone, braneket of the 
iMhtnm for the rami of the ischium, Ac. 

OiS {PETITBS) Corpora restiformia. 

BRANCHI, Branekm. Swellings of the ton- 
•iU, or parotid, according to some ; — of the thy- 
roid ftand, according to others. 

BRANTHIA, (Gr.) ^rx<a. The gills or re. 
ipintory organs of fishes, corresponding to the 
lni|^ of terrestrial animals. 

BRANCHUS, fipayx^f Bauee'do, A catarrhal 
tifection of the mucous membrane of the fauces, 
tnchea, Ac.->-Oalen. Hoarseness. 

BRANCI, Cjnanche tonsillaris. 

BRANCIA, Vitrum, 

BRANDT, (Q.) Branntwein, Dutch, 
Brandwijn, 'burnt wine.' Vinum adu§'tum 
Mn erma'hMi, Aqua ViUr, (F.) Eau de vie, (S.) 
Agn^diemie, The first liquid product obtained 
Vj distilling wine. It is composed of water, al- 
cohol, and an aromatio oily matter, which gives 
it its flavour. Brandy is a powerAil and diifusi- 
Ue rtininlant» and as such is used in medicine. 
It bas been alao called Ltqmor AquiWgiw. See 

BauBT, Apflb, aee Pyrni malu« — h. Egg, 
IN Oram. 

BRANKS. Cysanehe parotidasa. 

BRANKUR8INE Acanthus mollis. 


BRAS. SeeOrysa. 

BRAS, Brachhim— ^. du CerveUtf Corpora ree- 

RISM. An operation by Ugatnre, proposed by 
^nador, whieh eomista fai the application of the 
li|»t«re on the distal side of the tumour. 

^vigar is a plaee in the diocess of Bhodeii 
*Wi than ace eaAhartie waters. 

BRASENIA, B. Hydropeltis. 

Beasb'nta Hydropbl'tis, Bratt'niOf B, peU 
ta'tOf Hydropel*ti«purpu'reaf Oelat'ina aquat icop 
FrogUa/, Little WaUr Lily, Water Jelly, Water 
•hield, Deerfood, An indigenous plants Nat, Ordt 
RanuncuIacesB, Sex. Syt. Polyandria Polygynia^ 
flourishing from Kentucky to Carolina and Flo- 
rida; and covering the surface of ponds, marshes^ 
Ac. The fresh leaves are mucilaginous, and have 
been used in pulmonary complaints, dyeentexji 
Ac, like Cetraria. 

Brasbkia Pbltata, B. Hydropeltis. 

BRASH, WATER, Pyrosis. 

Brash, WBAifure, Atroph'ia Ablaetato'rum, 
A severe form of diarrhoea, which supervenes at 
times on weaning. The Maladie de Oruveilkier 
appears to be a similar affection. 

BRASILETTO, see CsBsalpinia. 


BRASMOS, Fermentation. 

BRASS, Sax. bpar, WeUih, prds. A^triehaP^ 
eum, Oriehal'eum, ^eeeavum, Chry»oehal*eo9, 
(F.) AiVatn. A yellow metal, formed by mixing 
copper with calamine. The same general remarks 
tiip^lj to it as to copper. See Cuprum. 

BRAS'SICA, Orambi, Brae'eica olera'eea : B, 
capita'ta sou cuma'na of the old Romans. The 
Cabbage, (F.) Ohoupotager, Family, CruoifersB. 
Sex, Syet. Tetradynamia Siliquosa. Cato wrote 
a book on its virtues. It is a vegetable by no 
means easy of digestion when boiled ; when raWf 
it appears to be more digestible. When forming 
a solid globulur mass, uke a head, it is the B» 
Capita* ta, (F.) Chou-Cabue, Chou Pommi, 

Brassica Canika, Mercurialis perennia — b. 
capitate, Brassica — b. Cumana, Brassica. 

Bras'sica Eru'ca, B, hie'pida, Eru'ca, E,/a*^ 
ticla sou eati'va, Sina'pie eru'ea, Sieym'brium 
eruecu'trutn, Garden Boeket, Roman Rocket, Ac, 
(F.) OhoiH Roquette, Roquette, This was consi- 
dered by the Romans an aphrodisiac, — Colu- 
mella. The seeds were ordinarily used. 

Bras'sica Flor'ida, — Brae'eiea Pompeia'na 
of the ancients — ^the Cauliflower, Oaulia Flor'ida, 
(F.) Chou'/leur, is a more tender and digestible 

The Broc'eoli, B, Sabel'liea of the Romans, H. 
Ital'iea, belongs to this variety. 

Brassica Hispida, B. eruca — b. Italica, B. 
Florida — b, Marina, Convolvulus soldanella. 

Bras'sica Napus, Napw Sylvettris, Bmnia$p 
Rape, (F.) Navette, The seed yields a quantity 
of oil. 

Brassica Nigra, Sinapis nigra — b. Oblong% 
B. rapa — b. Oleracea, Brassica — b. Pompeianay B. 

Bras'sica Rapa, Rapa rotun*da sen oblom'gOf 
Rapum majua, Rapa napue, Sina'pie tubero'ea. 
Turnip, (V,) Chou navet, Navel, Rave, The tor- 
nip is liable to the same objection (but to a toss 
extent) as the cabbage. 

Brassica Sabxllioa, B. Florida. 

BRATHU, Juniperus sabina. 

BRATHYS, JTuniperas sabina. 

BRA YER, Truss. 


BRAZIL WOOD, CflBsalpinia echinata. 

BREAD, see Tritionm. 

Bread. Olutrk. Bread made of wheat dough 
deprived of Uie chief portion of its starch by 
washing. Bread, made of gluten only, cannot 
be eaten, on account of its hardness and tough- 
ness ; hence one fifth of the normal quantity of 
starch is allowed te reniaiB» and in this foim the 




bread is said to b« tolerably light, eatable, and 
moderately agreeable. 

Bread, Household, Syncomiatos. 

BREAD-FRUIT TREE, Artocarpus. 

BREAST, Thorax, Mamma— b. Abscess of the, 
Hastodynia apostematosa. 

BREAST-GLASS, ifi7Jb-9^». AglassappUed 
to the nipple to receive the milk when secreted ! 
copiously by the mamma. 

BiiEAST. Irritable, Neuralgia Mammae. 


BREAST-PUMP, Antlia Lactca. 

BREATH, Sax. bpo^e, HnVitut, AnheVitH$, 
An'imMf Spir'UiJUf At'inot^ (F.) Haleinc. The 
air expelled from the chest at each expiration. 
It requires to be studied in the diagnosis of tho- 
racic <Iii!ieat}os especially. See Respiration. 

Breath, Offenh'ive ; Ftetor OrU, Oitottama- 
to*phre'*ia, Hal'itua orit/ir'tidutf Ozf. An offcn- 
sive condition, which is usually dependent upon 
carious teeth, or some faulty state of the secre- 
tions of the air passages. The internal use of the 
chlorides may be advantageous. 

Breath, Saturnine, see Saturnine — ^b. Short, 

BREATHING AIR, see Respiration. 

Breathing, Difficultt of, Dyspncsa. 

BIiECHET,{V.) Tho Bnaket, This name is 
given in some parts of Franco to the eartilago 
ensi/onnitf and sometimes to the sternum itsel£ 

BRECHMA, Bregma. 

BRECHMUS, Bregma. 

BR^piSSVRE, (F.) TrumuM CapiHra'tti; 
Incapacity of opening the mouth, in consequence 
of preternat-und adhesion between the internal 
part of the cheek and gums ; often occasioned by 
the abuse of mercury. 

BREDOUriLESfENT, (F.) Tituhan'tia, A 
precipit^ite and indistinct mode of utterance, in 
which a part only of the words is pronounced, 
and several of the syllables viciously changed. 
This defect is analogous to stuttering, but differs 
from it in being dependent on too great rapidity 
of speech ; whUst stuttering is characterized by 
continual hesitation, and frequent repetition of 
the same syllables. 

BREED, Race. 

BREEDING, Generation, Pregnant 

Breeding, Cross. The act of raising or breed- 
ing from different stocks or families. 

Breedinq-in-and-in, The act of raising or 
breeding from the same stock or family. 

BREGMA, BrechmUy BrechmtUf from Pptj^eiVf 
'to sprinkle;' FontaneVla, Sin'ciput, The top 
of the head was thus called, because it was be- 
lieved to be humid in infants ; and, according to 
some, because it wa3 conceived to correspond to 
the must humid part of the brain. 

BREGMATODTMIA, see Cephalodymia. 

BRENNING, Burning. 

BREPHOCTONON, Conyta squarrosa. 

B R E P H T ROPHE'UM, Ecthelohrephotro^ 
phe'uin^ from pptfotf *a. new-bom child/ and rpo- 
^c/v, ' to nourish.' A foundling hospital. 

BHKSILLET, Cnsalpinia sappan. 

BRE'VIA VASA, Short Vf^h. This name 
has been given to several branches of the splenic 
arteries and veins, which are distributed to the 
great cuUde-»ae of the stomach. 

BREVIS CUBITI, see Anconeus. 

BRICK, (F.) Brique. Hot bricks are some- 
times used to apply heat to a part, as to the ab- 
domen in colic, or ailer the operation for popli- 
teal aneurism ; or, reduced to very fine powder, 
•ad mixed with fat, as an application to herpetic 
and psorio i^eetions. 

^RiOKSy FwmoMm Tutm or TUm were ibr- 

merly bruised in vinegar, and the liquid was need 
as a specific in cutaneous affections. They en- 
tered, also, into a cerate used for seroftiloiii hu- 
mours, Ac. To the Terra Foma'emm, or BrMk 
earth t the same virtues were asaigned. 

BRICUMUM, Artemisia. 

BRIDE (F.), A bridle. Frg'nulum, JTcK. 
nac'ulum. This term is given, in the plural, te 
membranous filaments, which are found witUi 
abscesses or deep-seated wounds, and which pe- 
veiit the exit of pus. The term is, also, applied 
to preternatural adhesions, which occur in eiea- 
trices of the skin, in the urethr% or in *»i<lfmif4. 
serous or synovial membranes. 

BRIER, WILD, Rosa canina. 

see Kidney, Bright's disease of the. 

fashionable watering place, on the south coast of 
England, is dry, elastic, and bracing. Aocordmf 
to Sir James Clark, its climate appears to tbs 
greatest advantage in the autumn and eariy part 
of the winter; when it is somewhat milder aoj 
more steady than that of Hastings. Accordia^j, 
it is adapted for all cases in which a diraad 
mild air at this season of the year proves bene- 
ficial. In the spring months, owing to the pre- 
valence of, and its exposure to, north-east wind^ 
the climate is cold, harsh, and exciting to tki 
delicate. It is well adapted for convalescent^ 
and for all who require a dry and bracdng SM 

BRIMSTONE, Sulphur. 

BRINE, Muria. 

BRINTON ROOT, Leptandria puinnea. 

BRION, Corallina. 

BRIQUE, Br'wk, 

This town is three leagues from Cherboorg, ii 
France. The water contains chloride of iron. 

strumcnt invented by Jacobson for crushing the 
stone in the bladder. 

Bri.xtol is about thirteen miles from Bath, la 
England. The water is an almost pure thenul; 
sliglitly acidulated. It contains chlorides of 
magnesium and sodium, sulphate of soda, s^ 
phnto of lime, carbonate of lime, carbonic ari^ 
oxygen and azote. Temperature, 74° Fah. Tke 
Hot Weli has been long celebrated. Its aeliea 
is like that of thermal waters in generaL The 
climate of Bristol is mild, and hence the water 
has been celebrated for the cure of incipient pei- 
monary consumption. See Cliilon. 


BROAD. Sajc. hpab, Latw, (F.) Largt. Aqy 
body is so termed whose transverse extent ii 
considerable compared with its length. Hm 
Broad Bonea, such as the frontal, parietal, oed- 
pital, iliac, aid in forming the parietee of splaa^ 
nic cavities. Broad Mmclf generally oeeaff 
the parietes of cavities, and especially those d 
the cbe^t and abdomen. The epithet has akt 
been applie<l to other parts — as to the ftroad lifa- 
wcMf< of the womb, Ac. 

BROCCOLI, Brassica sabeUiea. 

BROCHOS. Ppoxos, Laqueua, A bandage. 

BROCIPTHUS, ^pox:^f, OuUu The thioei 
Also, a kind of small drinking vessel. — Hipp. 

BROCHUS, Ppox'f' This name has been gim 
to one who has a very prominent upper lip. Ao- 
cording to others, it means one whose teeth pro- 
ject in front of the mouth. 

BRO'DIUM. A synonym of Jm or At'ealMk 
Broth, or the liquor in which any thing ia boiled. 
Bro'dium tnfU — a decoction of salt. 

BBOIEMEJfT, Bet CaUxmei, 




BROKEN DOSES, see Doses, l)rokett« 
fiBOMA, Aliment, Bromine. 


BBOMATOO'R APHY, Bromatograph'ia, Bro- 
mog'rapky, Bromograph'ia, from PptJfta, 'food/ 
•ad ypa^v, * a description.' A description of ali- 

BROMATOL'OGY, Br(matoh<f"ia, SitioVogy, 
from p9f*fui^ ' food,' and htyos, * a discourse.' A 
tratifpe on food. 

BROME, Bromine. 

BROMEGRASS, Bromna ciUatus — b. Sofl> 
Bromiu clliatas. 

BROMB'LIA ANA'NAS, caUed aOer Olans 
Brofnel, a Swede. Car'duttt Brazilia'mu, Ana'- 
M« evo'fa MU acidea'tdf Atuu'ta, Capa-Itiak'ka, 
Am'uaa or Pine Apple, A West India tree, 
vliieh produces the most delicious of fruita. 

Bbovb'lia PlNOrw, Amt'nag America'na, Pin- 

Cin, Broad-Uavtd wild Ana'ntu, Ac. The West 
dia plant, which affords the Pinguin fruit. The 
ftnit is refrigerant, and the juice, when ripe, very 
tastere. It is used to acidulate punch. A wine 
is made from the Pinguin, which is very intozi- 
Mting, and has a good flavour. 

BROMIC, Bro'mietu : same etymon u Bro- 
■ine. Containing bromine. 

BROMIDE OP IRON, see Bromine — b. of 
Mwevry, see Bromine — b. of Potassium, see 

BROMIDRO'SIS, from 0p^^ot, 'stench,' and 
'iJmk, * sweat.' Offensive sweat 

BROMINE, Bro'minum, Brttmin'ium, Broma, 
Bromim'eum, Bro'mium, Br</mina, Bromum, Mu'- 
rima, Muride, Brome, A simple body, of a very 
voUdle natore, and highly offensive and suffo- 
cating odour, whence its name, from ^p«/ie;, ' a 
•leneh.' It is met with chiefly in sea-water, and 
la many animal and vegetable bodies that live 
lk«nin. It has likewise been found in many 
mamatl waters of this and other countries. In 
iti chemieal relations, it may be placed between 
eUorine and iodine. With oxygen it forms an 
■«d, — the Bromie, and with hydrogen another — 
Ibe Hfdrobromie, 

Pras BaoimnE, Broxide op Irow, (dose, gr. i 
OT yO and Brovidb or Potassium, have been 
■Rd medietnally, and chiefly in scrofulosis, — 
iBtenaOy, as well as applied externally. Bro- 
BiB« may be dissolved in forty parts of distilled 
water, and six drops be oommenced with as a 
dose. Broxidbs op Mbrcurt {Hydrar'gyri Bn/- 
mUm) have been given in syphilis. The proto- 
hromide and the bibromide are analogous in 
•omposttion and medicinal properties to the oor- 
miiOBdiag iodides of mercury. 

BROMIUM, Bromine. 

BROMOGRAPUY, Bromatography. 

BR0M08, /3^^f. One of the cerealia, sap- 
pesed. by some, to be oats. Bee Avena. 


BROMUM, Bromine. 

BROMUS CILU'TUS, B. purgant, Brome 

rs»/ ladlgenoiis : Order, GraminesB ; is said to 
enetiey and anthelmintic ( ? ), eathartio and 
darstiA, It piuges cattle. 

Bbovds Glabcr, Tritienm repens. 

Brows Molus, So/t Brome Grow, The seeds 
wn sud to eaase giddiness in man; and to be 
fatel to pooltry. 

Broxvr PvBaAjrs, B. eiliatas. 

Baowra Tbhclrrtus, Loliom temulentom. 

BBOSCHES, Bronohia— 6. Qanglumt lym- 
f hntif wm dm. Bronchial glands. 

BRONCHI, BronehisL 

BBOM'CHIA, Bnm'tkim, Bronchi, from $peY^ 
:p^ 'lb* thraait' Xbe UOdm rsmI the taim 

Bronehut, for the whole of the trachea; whilst 
they called its ramifications Bronchia. Bronchia, 
Bronchia, Knd Bronchi, (F.) Bronchet, now mean 
the two tubes, with their ramifications, which arise 
from the bifurcation of the trachea, and carry air 
into the lungs, — Can^nula pulmo'num. 

Bronchia, Dilatation of the. Dilated Bron^ 
chia. The physical signs of this condition are 
the following : — Pereueeion usually clear, but not 
unfrequently less so than natural, although very 
seldom quite dull. Aweultation detects coarse 
mucous or gurgling rhonchi, increased by the 
oough, combined with, or replaced by, bronchial 
or cavernous respiration, which is often effected 
as if by a sudden puff or whiff. The resonance 
of the voice is increased, but it seldom amounts 
to perfect pectoriloquy. The most common situ- 
ations for dilated bronchia are the scapular, mam- 
mary, or lateral regions. They are almost always 
confined to one side. 

Bronchia, Oblitkration or CoMPRBssioir of 
the. The Inspiratory murmur on auscultation 
is weaker or wholly suppressed over a limited 
portion of the chest; the expiration is generally 
more distinct and prolonged : all the other con- 
ditions are natural. 

BRONCHIA, see Bronchia. 

BRON'CHIAL, Bronchic, BronchiaHie, Bron*. 
ehieiu. That which relates to the bronchia. 

Bronchial Arteries, (P. ) Artiret Bronchiquee, 
These are generally two m number, one going to 
each lung.- They arise from the thoracic aorta^ 
and accompany the bronchia in all their ramifl- 

Bronchial Cblls, (F.) CeUnlee hronchiguee. 
The Air-eeUt; the terminations of the bronchia. 

Bronchial Coush, (F.) Toux hronehique, T. 
tubairt. This generally accompanies bronchial 
respiration. They both indioate obstruction to 
the entrance of air into the air-cells. 

Bronchial Glands, Glan'dula Veealia'na, 
Olande of Veeamue, (F.) Olandee bronehiquee oa 
Oanglione lymphati^jnea dee bronchee, are numer- 
ous glands of an ovoid shape ; of a reddish hue 
in the infant^ and subsequently brown and black, 
seated in the course of the bronchia. Their func- 
tions are unknown. The bronchial glands may 
be presumed to be affected by scrofulosis, when, 
in addition to the existence of tumours in the 
neek, peronssion gives a dull sound under the 
upper and central part of the sternum, whilst 
there is no appreciable lesion of the lungs. 

Bronchial Nbrvbs, (F.) Ner/e bronehiquee, 
are furnished by the two pulmonary plexuses. 

Bronchial Phthisis, see Phthisis bronchial-^ 
b. Respiration, see Murmur, respiratory. 

Bronchial Veins arise from the last divisions 
of the arteries of the same name, and pass, on 
the right side, into the vena asygos ; on the Iefl» 
into the superior intercostal. 

BRONCHIC, Bronchial. 

BRONCHIECTASIS, BilaiaUio bronehio'rum, 
from fipeyxes, * a bronchus,' and urraeit, * dilata- 
tion.' Dilatation of one or more bronchial tubes. 

BRONCHIITIS, Bronchitis. 

BRON'CHIOLB, BroM^iolum, Bromehiolme; 
diminutive of Bronehium or Bronehue, A minute 
bronchial tube. 

BRONCHIOSTENO'SIS, from ffpayxot, 'a 
bronchus,' and orcMitfK, 'contraction.'^ Contrac- 
tion or narrowness of the bronchi. 


BRONCHI'TIS, Bronehii'tie, In/lamma'tio 
hronehii/rum, Oatarfrhue Pulfno'num, C. 6ron- 
ohdo^ruin, Pleuri'tie hu^mida, P, bronehia'lie, 
Bronehoe'taeie, Pul'wumary Oitarrh, Angi'na 
bronehialie, (F.) Injlammation dee Bronehee, 
Inflammation of the Uaing membrtae of th€ 


bronchiiil tubes. This is always more or less 
present in coses of pulmonary catarrh ; and is 
accompanied by cough, mucous expectoration, 
dyspnoea, and more or less uneasiness in breath- 
ing. The acute form is accompanied with all the 
signs of internal inflammation, und requires the 
employment of antiphlogisUcs followed by revul- 
sives. The chronic form, Tu»%h aeni'lit, Catar'- 
rKu9 •eni'tit, Rheuma catarrha'Uf Ptripneunio'- 
nia notha, Bronchorrhae' a acu'ta. Winter cffughf 
Chronic Catarrh, may be confounded with phthi- 
sis ; from which it must be diKtiuguished mainly 
by the abfeuce of hectic fever and of the physical 
•igns that are characteristic of the latter, as well 
as by the nature of the expectoration, which is 
generally mucous, although at time? muco-puru- 
lent^ When the expectoration in little or none, 
the bronchitis is said to be dry, dry catarrh, (F.) 
Catnrrhe See, 

When bronchitis affects the smaller tubes, it is 
tarmedcapil'lary hronchi'tit, bronchi'tin rapilia'- 
rr'ff, bronchoc'acf iufatui'lia ( ? ). and is often fatal 
to children. Vetic'nlar hronchitii is the term pro- 
posed by MM. Rilliet and Borthez for the vcai- 
eular pneumonia of children. 

Bronchitis, Catarrh — b. Asthcnica, Peripneu- 
monia notha — b. Capillary, see Bronchitis — b. 
Convulitiva, Pertussin — b. Membranacea, Polypus 
bronchialis — b. Plastic, Polypus bronchialis — 
b. Pseudomembranous, Polypus bronchialis — b. 
Summer, Fever, hay — b. Vehicular, see Bron- 

BROXCIIIUS, Sterno-thyroidcus. 

BROXCIILEMMITIS, Polypus bronchialis. 

BRONCliOCACE, Peripneumonia notha— b. 
Infantilis, see Bronchitis. 


BRONCllOCE'LE, from fipoyxof, * a bronchus,' 
Mid iCi;Aif, ' tumour.' An inaccurate name for the 
affection which is called, also. Bo'chium, Botium^ 
ffeniia yut'turin, Outtiir tn'midum seu gloho'aum, 
Trarhrlophy'ma, Iftrnin guttura'titf Thyrocc'li, 
Thyrvnrt'ie, Trfirheocr'lf, Thyremphrax' i*, Thy- 
rettphrax'ia, Thyreon'ciUt Thyron'ctu, Dciron'- 
CU9, Deron'cna, Thtfrophrax'ia^ Goaaum, Go'tium, 
Exechrhron'chua, Gontfro'na, Struma, Ofauw, Bo'- 
eiitnit Jlf.r'nia bronchia'Ut, Trachfloct'lfi, Tuber 
gntturo'aumt Gutte'ria^ Ac, the Dcrbyhire neck. 
Swelled neck, Wen, Guitre, Ac, (F.) GoUre, Guu- 
hre. Hypertrophic du Corpt Thyroide, Gro$ae 
Gorge, Groa Cou. This is no rupture, but con- 
siftH of on enlargement of the thyroid gland. It 
is common at the base of lofty mountains in 
every part of the world ; and has been supposed 
to be owing to the drinking of snow-water, but 
it oc(Min« where there is no snow. The tumour 
is sometimes very extensive. Iodine has great 
power over it, and will generally occasion it« 
absorption, when the case has not been of such 
dunition as to have ended in a cartilaginous con- 




BROXrilOPLAS'TIC, Bronchcplat'ticw, from 
fipoyxos, * a bronchus,' and vXaoota, * I fonn.' An 
epilhi't given to the operation for closing fistaUs 
in the trnclien. 

BROXCHOPXEUMO'NIA. from /Jpoy^ot, 'a 
bronchus,' and Pneumonia, Inflammation of the 
bronchia and lungs. 

BR0XCHORRH(E'A, (F.) Bronchorrhfe, Co- 
tarrhe pituiteux, Phlegmnrrhagic p%dmonaire. 
Flux hronchique, from ffpoyxott * bronchus,' and 
pew, ' I flow.' An increased secretion of mucus 
from the air passages, accompanied or not by in- 
flammation : -^ a gleet, as it were, of the pnlmo- 
luury muooofl membrane. 


» ■ 

Brovcborrhoea Acuta, Bronchitis (efaroniB.) 


BB OSCHO TOME, Brtmchoi'ommB, from fiftf- 
Xoi, and rc/fveiv, ' to out' A kind of lane«t| with 
a blunt and rounded point, mounted on a handle, 
and fitted to a canula, which parses in along witk 
it, and is allowed to remain in the opening madt 
in the trachea. 

BROXCHOT'OMT, Bronchotom'ia^ (F.) Atm- 
ehotomie. Same etymology. A snrgieal opst^ 
tion, which consiists in making an opening ritiur 
into the trachea, ( Tracheotomy :) into thelar^Of 
{Laryngot'omy : ) or into both, ( Trackeo-larymgot^" 
omy,) to extract foreign bodies or to permit tkt 
passage of air to the lungs. These different pacti 
are divided transversely or vertically^ acoordiof 
to circumstances. 

BROXCIUJS, see Bronchia. Trachea. 

BROOKIilME, Veronica beccabunga. 

BROOM, Sophora tinctoria, Spartiom 
rium — b. Butcher's. Ruscus — b. Clover, Sophf 
tinctoria — b. Indigo, Sophora tinctoria — b. Bapi^ 
of Virginia, Orobanche Virginiana — b. Spanish 
Spartium junceum — b. Yellow, Sophora tinctoria 

brossadi£:r£, mineral watebi 

OF. Brosrtordidre is a chateau in Bas-PoiUM^ 
France. The waters contain carbonates of im 
and lime, chloride of sodium, and sulphati cf 
lime. They are aperient 

BROSSE, Brush. 

BROTH. CHICKEN, see Chicken Broth. 

Broth, Vbgktable. Take two ^Mtaloes^ nsarw 
rot, und an onion, all cut fine ; boil in a qoaitsf 
water for an hour, adding more water from tioM 
to time, so as to keep the original quantity ; §^ 
vour with aalt, and a small quantity of potkewkif 
strain. A little mushroom catchup improves thi 


BROUS'SAIST. One who is a believer in, nd 
professor of, the physiological and pathologieit 
opinious of Brout«:»ais. The system itself im 
culled BK0U8aAK8M, or the Phytiolugical Ih^ 

BROW, Front^b. Ague, Neuralgia frontalia 

BROWN RED, Colcothar. 

BROWX'IAN. Brotrno'nian, Brnito^ninn, Be- 
latinf; to the svstem or opinions of John Browo. 

BUOWXISM. Bru'noHi»m, Bruwo'niawi&m 
The d«»(.-trine8 of Brown. 

BROWN 1ST, Browno'nian, Brtmo'nitm. A 
follower of the svstem of Brown. 

aflcr Bruc«. the Abyssinian traveller. J?, /em- 
gin'e.a, Anguttu'ra apu'ria, (F.) /ViHsee ^NfW- 
ture, A. Ferrugincwtc. The systematic name of 
the plant whence was obtained — ^it was mppoMd 
— fahe Angnatura or false Cutpnria Bark, It 
is reallv the bark of Strychnos nax romicai 

BRUCIA. Brueine. 

BRUCIXE, Bru'cia, Bruci'na, JTmeTi 
Bru'cium, Paeudanguaturi'num, Canirami^i 
Vom'irine. An organic, salifiable base, diaeo- 
vered in the false angustnra — Brmcca anti-df- 
aenter'ica, and obtained from Strychmo$ nux nmf- 
ica. It is of a pearly white; crystallises in oUiqat 
prisms with a parallelogrammatio base : is TC17 
bitter, slightly acrid and styptic, and soluble la 
water, but more so in alcohol. Bracia is a 1«M 
active poison than strychnia. It resemblei it, 
however, and may be used as a subetitnte for it 
and for the extract of nux vomica. Dose, half a 

These springs ore in Bavaria, and contain Mi^ 
bonic acid and iron. 

Binconrt ia three leagnea and a half from Omo^ 




li ITonBtndfy. The waters contain carbonic add, 
diloridt of eodinm, and ralphate of soda, much 
ealphate of lime, Ac 

BBUTBB, Contusion. ^ 

BRUISE ROOT, Stjlopbornm diphyllnnf 

BRUI8BW0RT, Bellis saponaria. 

BftmSSEMBNT, (P.) Frem'iUta, This word 
kae nach the same signification as Bourdonne- 
mnt, M well as Bruit 

BRUIT, (F.) < Sound.' A Prench tenn, ap- 
plied to rarions tonnds heard on percussion and 
saseoltation, tIz. 

mmi, Bruit de euir fiett/, ' sound of crackling, or 
kontnig, or of new leather/ A sound produced 
\fj the friction of the pericardium, when dried 
ind roajrhened bj inflammation. 

BRUIT DU CtEUR FCETALy Battemens rfou- 
Uf»; BoubU hruit du Cctur du Ftxttu. The pnl- 
■iioiis of the foetal heart heard in auscultation 
fci the latter half of utero^gestation. 

BBUIT DE CUIR NEUF, Bruit de eraque- 

BBVIT DB DIABLE, Ronfitment du Diahh, 
Bntii <2e $onfi« d double couratUf * noise of the 
£abl« or hamming-top.' Venoue hum. A high 
iegree of Bruit de toujtetf heard on auscultating 
the arteries or reins — probably the latter— of the 
tnk in chlorosis. It denotes an impoverished 
rttfe of the blood. 

Bruit dm Ovwr fcetal~~b. de Fr^lementf see FrSle- 

BAIREf sea Froixsement pulmonaire. 

BIQUE, see FrSlement perieardique. 

ET DESCENDANT, * Sound of friction of ascent 
nd descent.' Sounds produced by the rubbing of 
tW Imig against the parietes of the chest, as it 
rise? and fidls daring inspiration and expiration. 
Tb^ are distinctly heard in pleuritis, when the 
p{«va has become roughened by the disease, 
/rieftoji mmmde^ Rubbing »ound», To -and -fro 
•o^mh are also heard in pericarditis and perito- 

BRUIT ffUMORIQUEy B. Bydrojmeuma- 
(^•e. The sound afforded on percussion when 
<N>caas are filled with liquid and air. 


BRUIT DE MOUCHE(F.), 'fly sound.' A 
SBBsd analogous to the Bruit de dicUtle — ^so called 
from its likeness to the bussing of a fly : — heard 
on aaiealtatlng the neck in chlorotic oases. 

BRUIT MU80ULAIRE. The sound aocom- 
pBTing the first sound of the heart, referred by 
•one to museolar contraction. Called, also, 
Brmt ratatoire, in consequence of its having 
Ws tkooght to resemble the rumbling of distant 

BRUIT UUSICAL, SiJUment moduli. 

tn*.' A sound as if produced by two sheets of 
parehmcat applied to each other. It is said to be 
pwfarasd hj thickoiiing and rigidiW of the valves 
•'tbe heart. 

BRUIT PLAOENTATRE, B. de eouJfUt pla- 
'niQire, B. uHriHf Souffle utirin, Souffle placen- 
^^ PlaeenUU bellow^ eoundf Utero-plaeen'tal 
■■' ■■» , U*terins murmur. The bellows' sound 
^<*nl on auscultating over the site of the pla- 
wata in a pregnant female. It does not appear 
^W owing to the placental vessels : but to the 
v^tnae tumour pressing upon the large vessels 
•ftht mother. . . 

^BUIT DE POT FELB i 'Smmdofaeraoksd 

vessel.* This sound is heard on percussion, when 
a cavern in the lungs is filled with air, and has a 
narrow outlet. 

BRUIT DE RACLEMENT, 'Sound of sera- 
ping.' A sound produced by the scraping of hard^ 
solid membranes, as the pericardium, against each 

BRUIT DE RAPE, 'Sound of a rasp.' A 
sound heard during the contraction of either the 
auricles or ventricles. It .is constant,* and the 
contraction of the cavity is more prolonged than 
natural, and emits a hard, rough, and — as it 
were— stifled sound. 

It indicates contraction of the valvular oriflees 
by cartilaginous deposits, or ossification, and is 
better heard near the apex of the heart, if the 
anriculo- ventricular valves be concerned,-^ near 
the base if tiie semilunar valves be the seat of the 

BRUIT ROTATOIRE, Bruit mueeulaire. 

BRUIT DE SGIE, or < saw-sound,' and Brttit 
DB tnrB 1 Bois, or 'file-sound,' resemble the BruU 
de RApe. 

RANT, Bruit de DiabU. 

BRUIT DE SOUFFLET, Bruit de Souffle, 
' bellows' sound,' ' blowing sound.' A sound like 
that of a bellows, heard oocasionally by the ear 
applied to the chest during the contraction of the 
ventricles, auricles, or large arteries. It eoexists 
with affections of the heart, but is heard, also, 
without any disease in that organ, — whenever, 
indeed, an artery is compressed. An Eneej^4dio 
bellouM^ eound, has been described by Drs. Fisher 
and Whitney. It is heard on applying the ear 
to the occiput or to the top of the head ; and it 
considered to indicate turgescenee of vessels, or 
inflammation. When such tnrgeeoente exists^ 
the vessels are compressed, and the compressioii 
gives rise to the sound in question. 

Bruit pUusentaire-^b. de TiraHlement, Bruit ds 

BRUIT DE TAFFETAS. 'Sound of Taf- 
feta.' ' Sarcenet eound* A respiratory sound, so 
named, by M. Qrisolle, from its resembling the 
sound caused by the tearing of a piece of ti&eta; 
and which he considers to indicate hepatisatloo 
of the lung, limited to the sur&ce, in pneumonia. 

BRUIT TYMPANIQUE, 'Tympanic sound.' 
The dear sound i^orded by percussing the sto* 
mach and intestines when containing air. 

BRUIT UT^RIN, B. plaeentaire. 


BRUNELLE, Prunella. 

BRUNXER'S GLANDS, i7ninftert^2aa'cf«IW, 
OlanduUg eolitafrut, Soliteny glande, Solitary 
folliele»f Second pan^creae. Compound muci* 
parous follicles, seated between the mucous and 
muscular coats of the stomach, along the two 
curvatures of that organ, and in the duodenum ; 
so called from their discovery having been gene- 
rally attributed to Brunner. The solitary intes- 
tinid follicles are often known, at the present 
day, as the glands of Brunner, although Brunner 
restricted the latter term to the glands of the 

BRUNONIAX, Brownian. 


BRUNUS, Erysipelas. 

BRUSCUS, Ruscus. 

BRUSH, Seop'ula, (P.) Broeee. A well known 
instrument, used in medicine chiefly for the fol- 
lowing purposes. 1. To clean the teeth. 2. To 
remove the saw-dust which adheres to the teeth 
of the trephine, during the operation of trephin- 
ing. 8. To rub the surface of the body, for the 
purpose of exciting the skin, and fttvouring trans- 




piration. Westring, a Swedish physicinoy ha« 
recommended metallic brushed for the purpose 
of conveying galvanism to a part These brushes 
consist of a plate of ebony fitted to another of 
gold, in which threads of the same metal are 
fixed; — the brush being connected with one of 
the poles of the galvanic pile. 

Bkush, Stomach, Excutia ventriculL 

BRUT A, Juniperus sabina. 

BRU'TIA. A sort of thick pitch, obtained 
from Brutia, in Italy. From I'ix Brutia wiis 
obtained the O'hum Pici'nuni, 

Bki'tia, InatincL 

BRUTINO, Terebinthina. 

BRUXANELI. A Malabar tree, the bark and 
leaves of which have a strong smell, and are 
astringent On the coast of Malabar, its juice, 
mixed with butter, is applied to boils. Its burk is 
esteemed to be diuretic, and its roots anti-arthritic. 

nnUY^RE r6'Z(?-A/i^i;, Erica vulgaris. 

Bruyeres is a small village, 7^ leagues from 
Luneville. The waters are acidiUous and chaly- 

BRYCETOS. see Algidus. 


BRYCHETOS, see Algidus. 

BRYGMA, Brygmu»f TriaUf Pritit, PritmtUf 
Odvntoprt' tit. Stridor Dtn'tiutiit (F.) Grincemtnt 
dcs BvhU, Grinding of the teeth. A common 
aymptom, in children, of gastric or other derange- 
ment, but often present when there is no reason 
to suspect any. 

BRYO'XIA AFRICA'XA. A South African 
remedy, common amongst the Hottentots, which, 
in the form of decoction, acts simultaneousily as 
•n emetic, cathartic, and diuretic. It is used by 
itxe nativofl in cutaneous diseases, dropsy, and 
■yphilis. The tincture is a powerful emetic and 
cathartic. — Thunherg. 

BRYO'NIA ALBA; White Bry'ony, Viti« 
<dba BiflvfM'trin, Affrun'tin, Affrinm'j)rloii, Am'pclot 
a'yrin, Archeo^'tri*, Efhrtro'fin, Bryo'nin at'pr.ra, 
CWrrti»Vi#, Chrlido'nium. Labrmt'cay Mtlo'thrumy 
Ophro*tnph'ifton^ Pfifo'tknimf Bryonia Dioi'ca. 
Ant. Ord. Cucurbitaocip. Skx. Syat, Moncccia 
Monad el pb in. (F.) Couhurrfrj Viffne riert/e, V. 
hlnncht. The root is large and succulent, and 
has an acrid, bitter, and disagreeable taste. It 
is a drastic cathartic. Externally, it has been 
ap])lied, in form of cataplasm, in gout. When 
repeatedly washed, a good starch is obtained 
from it. The active principle has been separated 
from it^ and called Bry'onine. 

Bhyoxia. Mechoacaxxa NiORirANS, Convol- 
Tulus jalapa — b. Peruviana, Convolvulus jalapa. 

BRYONTNE, see Bryonia alba. 

BRYONY. WILD, Sycios angulatus. 

BRYTTA, Marc of grapes. 

BRYTON. Oereviscia. 

BU, ^ow, abbreviation of ^ouj. 'an ox;' in com- 
position expresses, 'excess, greatness.' lleuce 
BulimtiM, Buphthnl'mia, Ac. 

BUBASTECORDIUM, Artemisia vulgaris. 
BUBE, Pustule. 

BUBO. Pov0uv, Pano'chia, Pantu inguina'li*, 
Adcnophy'ma inguiiui'lin, Buhoiutpti'mUf Buho- 
non'oiUt Buhon'cuff Oumbu'cn^ Angiu, Bvubon, 
Codoce'liy CodoMceVla, (F.) Bubon, Poulain, In 
the works of Ilippoerates and (iulen, this word 
sometimes signifies the groin — Imjucn; at others, 
the inguinal glands ; and at others, agun, swell- 
ing or inflammation of these parts. The moderns 
apply the term to an inflammatory tumour seated 
in the groin or axilla, and they generally diatin- 

Siish, 1. Simple or Sympathetic Bubo, which is 
dependent of any virus in the economy. 2. 

Venereal Bubo, (F.) BuboH vfniri^ny which il co- 
cas iuned by the venereal Tims. 3. PeatiUmtUA 
Bubof or B. tymptomatie of the Plagwe, The last 
two have by some been called vuijtigmami JBuho, 
(F.) Bubon Muliiu 

Primary Bubo^ (F.) ^ii6oii primit^, ihowi i^ 
self with the first symptoma of syphUia : (he com- 
teeutive not till afterwards. 

Bf.'BOX, Bubo, Ingnen — b. Oummifemm, m§ 
Ammoniac gum. 

BIBOX UEMBLEEy (F.) An enlargemeDt 
and suppuration of one or more of the '"fwiail 
glands, not preceded by any other of the men 
common forms of venereal diaeasc, nor byaqy 
other f>yphilitic symptom. 

Bi'BuN Gal'baxlm. The systematic nam 
of a plant which has been supposed to afford 
galbanum ; J/«ro'/>ioN, Jfato'riuw, The plant k 
also called IWula A/n'ca'na, OreoteWnmrn AM. 
ca'num^ AnVtum frutico'aum galbantf'erum, AjU' 
turn A/rica'num /rutet'eeutf SeWumm Galbamwmf 
Atja«yU'i9 gaVbanum, The long-leaved or 'ofcw** 
leaved OaVbanum. Nat. Ord, Umbellifene. Uf 
plant can scarcely, however, be considered to bi 
determined. Gidbanum is the gammi-x«siB0Bi 
juice. Its odour is fetid, and tante bitter ui 
acrid : the agglutinated tears arc of a white eo> 
lour, on a ground of reddish-brown. It furni ai 
emulsion, when triturated with water, and is ioh- 
ble in proof spirits of wine, and vinegar: i.^ 
1.212. It has been given as an antispasmotf^ 
and expectorant, in pill or emulsion. Bose, from 
gr. 10 to 60. Externally, it is applied aa a ate- 

Bubon galbanum is a South African plant; i&i 
is reputed to be an excellent iliuretic, under tbi 
name of Wild Celery. A decoction of the leant 
is given in dropsy and graveL According to 
Pappo, the resinous matter, which exudes firoa 
the stem, differs in appearance, smell, and ia 
every rei*pect. from Gummi Galbanum. 

Broox MACEDON'icrx, Athaman'ta Matednf' 
ica^ Pttn*»tli'num Macedon'icum, A'pimm petrt'* 
MOT, J*ctra'piuin, (F.) Pcrnil de Macidoine, Jfaee- 
do'ttian Parsley. Its properties ore similar to 
those of common parsley, but weaker and ka 
grateful. The seeds are an ingredient in tbi 
celebrutod compounds, Mithridate and Theriie. 

BUBONA, Nipple. 

BUBONALGIA, from^oD/!?«v, ' the groin,' nd 
oAyof. ' pain.' Pain in the groin. 


BUBO'NIUM, AtterAVticm, Golden Slarmrt. 
A plant anciently supposed to be efficaciou in 
diseases of the groin, from 0ov0uv, * the groin.' 

BVBONOCE'LE, from fiw(imi^, *the groin,' sbI 
KtiXrjf 'tumour,' 'rupture.' Her'nia ingmimtfUtt 
(F.) Jfernie inguinalef In'gmnal Hernia, wBif' 
turc of the Groin. Some surgeons have confined 
tliis term to hernia when limited to the groiit 
and have called the same affection, when it bii 
descended to the scrotum, Otcheoce^li, or Sentd 
Hernia. The rupture passes through the aUo> 
minal ring : and, in consequence of the groatcr 
size of the opening in the male^ it it mwe &•■ 
queut in the male sex. 



BUBONOREX'IS, from fiwfiw, 'the grain,' 
and oti^tsy 'a rupture.' A name given to bubo- 
nocele when accompanied with a division of the 
perit4>neum« or when, in other words, it if devoid 
of a sac 

Bl BON'ULUS, BHbun'eului, A diminntiTtt 
of Bubo, A painful swelling of the Ijmphatiet 
of the penis, extending along the dorsum of that 
organ to the groin. It is an ocouioiial 
paniment of gonoirhoBa. 




BUBUKLB. A word ued hj ShakspMre for 
ft red pimple on the nose. 

BUBrNCULUS, Bnbonnlns. 

BUCAR08» Tern Portagallica. 

BUCCA, OnatkM. The mouth. The eheek 
lad hollow of the eheek. Also, the yulva. 

BDCCACRATON, from Bueea, and Kfom, *1 
muL' A morsel of bread sopped in wine, which 
•enred of old for a breakfast — Linden. 

BUCCAL, Bmeeani$, from Bucca, * the month/ 
er ntber ' the cheek.' That which eonoems the 
BOfathf and especially the cheek. 

BrccAL AiiTKRT, A, Stu-maxittaire, (Ch.) 
sises from the internal maxillary or from some 
of its branches, as the Temporaii* profunda an- 
(ttra, or the Alveolar, It distributes its branches 
lo the baeeiBAtor mosele, and to the bnccal mem- 

BrocAL Glaitds, Molar OlandM. Mnooos fol- 
liclss, seated in the baocal membrane, opposite 
the molar teeth. They secrete a viscid humour, 
which mixes with the saliTa, and lubricates the 

Buccal Mbubraitb, (F.) Memhrane BueeuUe. 
The mucons membrane, which lines the interior 
«f the month. 

Buccal Nebyk, or i?ueotna'(or Nervt, Buoeo- 
la bM (Ch.,) is |pyen off by the inferior maxil- 
Isry. It sendd its branches to the cheek, and 
•specially to the buccinator muscle. 

BrocAL Vxni follows the artery. 

BUC'CEAf BuoeeVUu The fleshy exoreseenoe 
«f oasal }>olypiis, bo called becanse it was believed 
to proceed from the month. — Paracelsus. Also, 
a moathfuL 

BUCCBLA'TON, Bueetla'tua. A loaf-shaped 
cathsrtio medicine ; made chiefly of scammony. 
— A^tius, Paalns of ^gina. 

BUCCELL A'TIO. A mode of arresting hemor- 
riisge, by applying a pledget of lint to the bleed- 
ing vepMl. — Avioenna, Fsllopius. 

BUCCINA, Turbinated bones. 

BUCCINA'TOR, from huceinare, 'to sound 
the trumpet.' The Bueeina'ior Muaele, Rttrac'- 
tor An'^^i Ori», Bueeo-Alciolo-maxillair€f Alvi- 
da-4ahial — (Ch.,) Maiuo^ritu, is situate in the 
fobstance of the cheeks. It extends between the 
poftsrior portions of the alveolar arches of the 
two jaws and the commissure of the lips, which 
it draws backward. It assists in mastication, by 
poshing the food back towards the teeth ; and, 
if the cheeks be distended by air, its oontrac- 
tioa forces it out. 

BUCCO. One who is blub-eheeked, or wide- 


BUCCO-LABIAL NERVE, Buccal nerve. 

Bl'CCO-PHARYNGE'AL, Bucco-Pharyng^- 
M^ (P.) Bmoeo-Pkaryngien, Belonging to the 
month and pharynx. The Bueeo-pharynge^al 
Apomtmn/»t§ or Intermaa^illary Lig^amentf ex- 
tends from the internal ala of the pterygoid pro- 
eesB to the posterior part of the lower alveolar 
arch, and affords attachment, anteriorly, to the 
Wcinator, and, posteriorly, to the constrictor 
pkaryngis superior. 

BCC'CULA, from Bueea, 'the mouth.' A 
omU month. The fleshy part beneath the chin. 

BUCERA8, Trigonella foBnnm — b. Foennm 
Orseam, Trigonella foenum Orscnm. 

BUCHtr, Diosma crenata — b. LeaveSi Diosma 

BUCKBEAN, Menyanthes trifoliata^b. Ame- 
neaa, MonyanUies vema. 
BCCKBBRRY, Vaocinium staminenm. 

BITCKETE, Jbenlus hippooaatanum. 

BUCKHO, Diosma crenata. 


BUCKWHEAT, Polygonum fagopymm— K 
Plant) eastern, Polygonum divarioatum. 

BUCNEMIA, see Elephantiasis— -b. Tropie% 
see Elephantiasis. 

BUCTON, Hymen. 

BUFF, INFLAMMATORT, Oorinm phlogif- 

BUFFT COAT, Corium phlogisticnm. 

BUG, (BED,) Cimex. 

BUGANTIA, Chilblain. 

BUG'GERY, Sodfomy, Sodom'ia, Cfo'ihu So^ 
domit'icui, (I.) Bugarone, Said to have been 
introduced by the Bulgarians. A carnal oopnli^ 
tion against nature, as of a man or woman with 
any animal ; or of a man with a man, or a man 
unnaturally with a woman. The nnnatoral 

BUGLE, Prunella — b. Common, Ajuga rep- 
tans — h, Pyramidale, Ajuga— ft. Bampanttf AJu- 
m reptans-T-b. Water, Lyeopus Virginicus — b. 
Weed, Lycopus. 

BUG LOSE t Anehnsa officinalis. 

BUGLOSS, DYER'S, Anehnsa tinetoria— b. 
Garden, Anehnsa officinalis — b. Upright, Ajuga. 

BUGLOSSA, Anehnsa officinalis. 

Anohttsa officinalis — ^b. Latifolium, Borago offici* 
nalis — b. Sativum, Anchusa officinalis — b. Syl- 
vestris, Anehnsa officinalis — b. Tinctorum, An- 
chusa tinctoria — b. Verum, Boracio acid — b. 
Vnlgare migus, Anchusa officinalis. 

BUORANDE ^PIKEVSE, Ononis spinosa. 

BUGRANE, Ononis spinosa — 6. d^ Champ*, 
Ononis arvensis. 

BUGULA, AJuK>^ — ^' ChamsDpitys, Teucrium 
chamaepitys — b. Pyramid alis, Ajuga — b. Rep- 
tans. Ajuga reptans. 

IfUISy Buxus. 

sard is two le^ues from Chateau-Thierry, ia 
France. The water contains chloride of calciam 
and carbonate of lime. 

BULB, Bulbut, (F.) Buihe, A name, given 
by anatomists to different parts which resemble, 
in shape, certain bulbous roots. The Bvlb of Me 
Aorta is the great sinus of the Aorta. Bulb of a 
Tooth; the vascular and nervous papilla con- 
tained in the cavity of a tooth. The Bulb or 
Root of the Hair is the part whence the hair 
originates. The Bulb of the Urethra is the 
dilated portion formed by the commencement 
of Uie €orpu9 tpongiotum towards the root of 
the penis. We say, also. Bulb, for Olobe, of 
the eye, 

Bdlb of thk Ets, see Eye — ^b. of the Female^ 
Bulbus vestibuli — b. Rachidian, see Mednll* 

BULBE, Bulb— 6. du F<^», Bulbus vestibnU 
— b, de la VoUte d troie Piliere, Mamillary tn- 

BULBI FORNICIS, MamlUary tubercles— b. 
Priorum Crurum Fomicis, Mamillary tubercles. 

BULBOCASTANEUM, Bnniumbnlboeaa. 

BULBO-CAVERNOSUS, Accelerator nrinss— 
6. Syndeemo-eavemenx, Aooelerator nrinsD — 6. 
Urfthral, Accelerator urineB. 

BULBOCODIUM, Narcissus pseudonaroissnfl, 

BULBONACH, Lnnaria rediviva. 

BULBUS, Bulb. 

BcLBCs Esculxh'tvb. The Ee^eulent Bulbr 
a particular kind, so denominated by the an- 
cients. It is supposed to have been the Cfepa 
I Aeeahi^ica, — ^Dioscorides, Celsns, Pliny, Ao. 




BvLBUB GLAXPUiiOSUBy Proyentiieuliu — b. 
Oonli, see Eye — b. Olfaotoriiu, see Ollkctory 
Kores — b. Pili, see Hair — b. Rachidicus, see 
Medalla oblongata — ^b. VaginsB, B. vestibuU. 

BuLBUs Vkstib'uli, JB, Vagi*na, PIcxum reti- 
Jorm'tM, Crura elitor'idU inter^tui, Bulb or Semi- 
\ulb of the Female, (F.) Bulbe du Vayin, A olose- 

£kcked plexus of intricately aqastomosing veins, 
closed in a fibrous inTestment, — being an im- 
mediate continuation and extension of the pare 
intermedia, and occupying the space between the 
beginning or vestibule of the vagina and the 
rami of the pubic arch. It is regarded by Louth, 
Ti^lor, Morgagni and Kobelt as the analogue 
of the male bulb. 

BuLBDS Voxito'rius. A plant, said by Dios- 
eoxides to be emetic and diuretic. It is the 
Muek-graoe floweTf according to Ray, — the HyO' 
wukue Muecari, 

BULESIS, Voluntas. 

BULGA, Vulva. 

BULIMIA, BouUmia. 

BU'LITHOS, from ^wf, 'an ox,' and X<^f, 
* a stone.' A bosoar or stone, found in the kid- 
neys, gall-bladder, or uxinary bladder of an ox 
or cow. 
. BULLA, (F.) ^M^^e. A Bleh, A portion of 
the ouUde, detached from the skin by the inter- 
position of a transparent, watery fluid. It forms 
the 4th order in Willan's and Bateman's arrange- 
ment of eutaneous diseases, and includes erysi- 
Eslas, pemphigus, and pompholyz. By some, 
nlla has been used synonymously with Pem- 
fkigue. See, also, Hydatid. 

BULLACE PLUM, Prunus invitia. 

Nabothi glandulsB. 

BULL-FISTS, Lycoperdon. 

BUMELLIA, Fraxinus excelsior. 

BUNA, Coffea Arabica. 

BUNDURH, Corylus aveUana. 

BUNIAS, Brassica napus. 

BU'NIOID, BunioVdee, NA^piform; from $w- 
Mev, 'a turnip,' and u6oi, 'resemblance.' An 
epithet for a form of cancer, bearing some resem- 
blance to a turnip. 

BUNION, Bunyon. 

BUNI'TES VINUM. A wine, made by in- 
fbsing the Bunium in most It is stomachic, but 
•oarcely ever used. 

BUNIUM, Carvi, Camm. 


called, it has been supposed, from growing on 
hills, from /9avvK, 'a hilL' BaUtnoea^tanttm, 
Bu'nium miniM, Sium hHlboeaetaHum, Scaudex 
kulhoeaeUmumf Carum bulboeaetanHm, The sys- 
tematic name of a plant, whose root is called 
Pig-nut, Agriocae'taHumf Nn'eula terree'trie, Bui- 
hoeaa'tanum majue et mimte, Earik-uHi, Hawk- 
nut, Kipper-nut, (F.) Terre-twix. The root is 
tuberous, and is eaten raw or roasted. It has 
been supposed to be of use in strangury. It is 
not employed in medicine. 

BUNNIAN, Bunyon. 

BUN'YON, Bnn'itm, Bun'nian, from /9oovof, 
'an eminence.' (? ) An enlargement and in- 
flammation of the bursa mucosa at the inside of 
the ball of the great toe. 

BUOPHTHALMIA, Buphthalmia. 

BUPEINA, Boulimia. 

BUPHTHALMI HERBA, Anthemls tinotoria. 

BUPHTHAL'MIA, BuoplUhaVmia, BnpkthaV- 
mM, Elephantom*ma, from 0e»f, * an ox,' and e^- 
^oAfisfi 'an eye.' Ox-eye, Under this name, 
the generality of authors have designated the 
first stage of hydrophthalmia. Others, with 8a- 
bati«r, mean, by it» torgesoenoe of the vitreous 

humour, whieb, by pudiing the hris fbrwards, 
forms around the crystalline a sort of border. 

Pyrethrum — b. Mi^us, Chrysanthemum leaean- 

BUPHTHALMUS, Hydrophthalmia, Semper- 
vivum tectorum. 

BUPINA, Boulimia. 

BUPLEUROIDES, Bnpleumm rotnndlfolinm. 

pleu'ron, BupUnroU'dee, from fin, augmentative, 
and irXcvpov, 'side,' (F.) Bupiiwe, Peree/emllet 
Bound-leaved Hare** Ear, TAorowieax. The herb 
and seeds are slightly aromatic It was fonneriy 
celebrated for curing ruptures, being made into 
a cataplasm with wine and oatmeaL 

BUPliVBB, Bupleurum rotundifolinm. 

BURAC. Borax. Also, any kind of salt 

BURDOCK, Arctium lappa — b. Lesser, Xan- 
thium — b. Prsdrie, Silphinm terebinthacenm. 

BURIAL ALIVE, Zoothapsis. 

BUR IS, Hernia, accompanied by scirrhous 
tumefaction; or, perhaps, a scirrhous tumour 
only. — ^Avicenna. 

BURN. Sax. bernan or byrnan, 'to bum or 
bren.' Ue'tio, Amhtie*tio, Adue^tio, Treei'e Ganeit, 
ErytKe'ma Ambue'tto, Caneie, Eneau'tit, Pyrx- 
caue'tum, Combnetu'ra, Cataeau'ma, Combnrtio, 
(F.) Brdlure, An injury produced by the action 
of too great heat on the body. Bums are of 
greater or less extent, from the simple irritation 
of the integument to the complete destraction of 
the part The consequences are more or less 
severe, according to the extent of injury, and the 
part affected. Bums of the abdomen, when ap- 
parently doing well, are sometimes followed by 
fatal results. Their treatment varies, — at times, 
the antiphlogistic being required ,* at others, one 
more stimulating. 

BURNEA, see Pinus Sylvestris. 

BURNET, CANADA, Sanguisorba Cana- 

solution of chloride of sine, first used by Sir 
William Burnett for preserving timber, canvass, 
Ac, from dry rot, mildew, Ac, and sJterwards 
as an antibromic and antiseptic, especiaUy in the 
ease of dead bodies. 

BURNING, Brenning. A disease mentioned 
by old historians, from which authors have un- 
successfully endeavoured to demonstemte the an- 
tiquity of syphilis. — Parr. 

BURNING OF THE FEET, see Feet, bum. 
ing of the. 

BURNT HOLES. A variety of ropia, popu. 
larly known in Ireland under this name; and not 
unfrequent there amongst the ill-fed children of 
the poor. 

BUR-REED, GREAT, Sparganium ramosnm. 

Spirit of Burrhue for dinea^ee of the Womb. It 
is prepared by digesting, in alcohol, equal parts 
of myrrh, olibanum, and mastic. Boerhaave fre- 
quently prescribed it. 

BURSA CORDIS, Pericardium — b. Pastoris, 
Thlaspi bursa — b. Testium, Scrotum — ^b. Virilis, 

BURSiB MUCO'SiB, Burem mueo^ea reeieu- 
Wree^ Burem seu Cap*$uhB 9ynoria*U», Blenno- 
eweUidee, Sard muco'ei, Veei'ca unguino'eiB ten*" 
ainum, Vagi'nee Synovia'let, Synovial Crypte or 
FoUielet, (F.) Bonrtee Synovialee, Small mem- 
branous sacs, situate about the Joints, particularly 
about the large ones of the upper and lower ex- 
tremities, and, for the most part, lying under the 
tendons. They are naturallv fiUed with an oilj 
kind of fluid, the use of whieh Is to labrioate 





whiek the tendona play. In eonse- 
qmmm of ImiliM or spnuns, this fluid sometimefl 
MUtoti to a great extent. The bursn ere, gene- 
nlly, either of a roondish or oral form, and they 
heye been arranged under two dasBes, the 9phe- 
fieai aod the va^uaL 
BvmsM Stioyialbs, Burtn mnoosflB. 
BURSAL, Bmna'lU, Relating or appertain- 
ing to bnreee,— as a ' hwnal tumoor.' 
BUR8ALI8, Obturator intemus. 
BUB6BEA ACUMINATA, B. gummifera. 
Bvbsb'ba. Ovmir'BRA, B, aewnina'ta, Tert- 
himlk'u9 ffmmmi/*€ra, JamaAea Bark 2V«e. A resin 
exudes from this tree, which, as met with in the 
shops, is solid externally ; softish internally ; of 
t ritreons fracture; transparent; of a pale yellow 
eolonr; turpentine smell^ and sweet, perfumed 
iMle. It has been used like balsams and tur- 
psntines in general, and is called, by the French, 
(kekiboUf Ckibou, and Betvm de QtfnuurU 
BURST, Hernia, Hernial. 
BURSTEN, see HemiaL 
BUBSULA, Scrotum. 
BURTHI6TLB, Xanthium. 
BURWEED, Xanthium. 
BURWORT, Ranunculus acris. 
sang is a village in the department of Vosges, 
France. The waters are acidulous chalybeates. 
BUSSBHOLLEy Arbutus ura ursi. 
seer'die Spirit of Bitmiut, A preparation, re- 
garded as sudorific, diuretto, and antispasmodic ; 
obtained by distilling subcarbonate and muriate 
ef ammonia, amber, oil of cedar or juniper, Ac. 
bland is in the Frith of Clyde, about 18 miles 
below Greenock. The climate is mild and equa- 
ble, but ratber moist; and, as a winter residence, 
it holds out advantages for those only that ap- 
pear to demand such a condition of the atmo- 
ipbere. The elimate resembles, in chaxacter, 
that of the 8. W. of England and France, and 
the Channel islands ; although its temperature is 

BU'TEA FRONDO'SA, £rytkn*na mono^p^r*- 
■a, Budolpk'ia fnmd/ofw.^ see Kino. A tree, 
eommon in Bengal, and in the mountunons parts 
ef India ; Nat, Ord, LeguminossB ; from which 

C* kutea flows. Dr. Pereira found this gum to 
ideatieal with a specimen marked gummi ru- 
hrum attrin^en» — the gomme attringtnU de 0am- 
He of M. Onibonrt. By some, this gum has been 
eonfounded with kino. 

BUTIGA, Outta rosea. 
BUTOMON, Iris pseudacoms. 

BUTTBB, from ffwrvptv; itself fVom 09vt, 'oz,' 
and r*^, 'any thing coagulated.' Bnt^'rum, 
Piet'rum, (F.) Beurrt, A sort of concrete oil, 
obtuned firom the cream that forms on the sur- 
face of the milk fiimished by the fe'males of the 
mammalia ; eepecially by the cow and the goat. 
Fresh butter is very nutritious, whilst the rancid 
is irritatang. The ancient chemists gave the 
name Butter to many of the metallic chlorides. 
It has also been applied to vegetable substances, 
which resemble, in some respects, the butter ob- 
tained from milk. 

BcTTim or Bambouc or Bambuo, ^F.) Beurre 
i§ Bamiomo <m Bambtih A vegetaole oil ob- 

tained firom a species of almond, and used in 
Senegal in neuralgic and rheumatismal pains. 

Bdttbr or Ca'cao, Oil of Ca'eaOf Oleum Ca- 
cao »pi$sa*tum, 0. Theobro'meB Cacao expres'tum, 
(F.) Beurre de Cacao, ffuile de Caeao. A fat 
substance, of a sweet and agreeable taste, ob- 
tained from the Tktohxoma eaeaOf or ehoeolato 

BuTTBB or Cocoa, (F.) Buerre de Coco, A 
fatty, concrete substance, which separates from 
the milk of the cocoa nut. It is sweet and 

BUTTERBUR, Tnssilago petasites. 

BUTTERCUPS, Ranunculus acris. 

BUTTERFLY-WBED, Asdepias tnbwosa. 

BUTTERMILK, (F.) Babeurre, Lait de 
Beurre, The thin, sour miUc, separated from the 
cream by churning. It contains easeum and a 
little butter. It is a refreshing drink when 
newly made. 

BUTTERWORT, Pinguioola vulgaris. 

BUTTOCK-HUMP, Steatopyga. 

BUTT0NBU8H, Cephalanthus occidentalis. 

BUTTOKWOOD SHRUB, Cephalanthus occi- 

BUTUA, Pareira brava. 

BUTTRUM, Butter— b. Amygdalamm dul- 
cium, Confection (almond) — ^b. Satnmi, Unguenf> 
tum plumb! superacetatis — b. Zind, Zinoi ehio- 

BUVEUB, Rectos intemus oculi. 

tonien'eee Aqua, Buxton is a village in Derby- 
shire. The springs are thermal, and about S2^ 
Fahrenheit They oontain sulphate of sod% 
ehloride of oaldum, chloride of sodium, chloride 
of magsMium, carbonate of lime, carbonic acid, 
und asote. They are used in cases in which 
thermal springs, in general, are recommended. 
They contain Uttle or no mineral impregnation. 

BUXUS, Buxue eempervi'rena. The Box-tree, 
(F.) Buie on Bouia, The leaves are bitter and 
aromatic, and, as such, have been used in medi- 
cine, in oases of worms, dyspepsia, Ac, in the 
form of decoction. They are sometimes, also, 
added to beer. The seed was anciently called 

BTNE, Malt 

BY'RETHRUM. A sort of cap or Oouvreek€f, 
filled with cephalic substances. — Forestns. 

BTRSA, /9vpa«. A leather skin to spread 
plasters upon. 

BTRSODEP'SICON. A tan stuff, with which 
CALIFS AuBBLiANUB Sprinkled wool, which he 
applied in certain cases to the umbilical region : 
from /SvMo, ' leather,' and ht^tm, * I tan.' 


BYSAU'CHEN, from /3vm, <I stop up,' and 
Mxw, 'the neck.' A morbid stiffness of the 
neck. One with a short neck, — Simotraek^lue, 

BYSSOS, Vulva. 

BYSSUS, By99%m, The ancients gave this 
name to several vegetable substances, which were 
used for the fabrication of stnfb prised for their 
fineness, colour, and rarity of material. It is 
now chiefly applied to the filaments, by the aid 
of which the acephalous moUusca attach their 
shells to the rocks. Byssus was formerly also 
applied to the female pudendum, 

BYTHOS, ^«^(, ' depth.' An epithet used hj 
Hippocrates for the fundus of the stomaoh. 





0. This letter in the ohemioal alpluibet sig- 
nifies nitre. It is also sometimee used in pre- 
ioriptions for calx. 

GAA-AP'IA, I>or9t€*nia BroMUien'M sen cor- 
difo'lia sen plaeetUo^'dei sen vitel'ku The root, 
according to Piso, is employed as emetic and 

CAA-ATAT'A A plant of Brasil, supposed 
to be a species of gratiola. It is very bitter, 
and considered to be one of the best indigenous 

CAACICA, Euphorbia oapitata. 

CAA-GHIYU'YO, FruUx bae'ei/er Bnuilien'- 
«»«. A shrub of Brazil, whose leavee, in powder, 
are considered detersive. 

CAAOPIA, Hypericum bacoifemm. 

CAAPEBA, Pareira brava. 

CAAPONOA, Crithmum maritunnm. 

CAAROBA. A Braiilian tree, whose leaves, 
In decoction, promote perspiration. See Cera- 

CABAL, Cab'ala, Cabal'la, CaVhala, Cabanioy 
Kab'alOf OabaUeu This word is from the He- 
brew, and signifies knowledge transmitted by 
tradition. Paracelsus and several authors of the 
16th and 17th centuries have spoken much of 
this species of magic, which they distinguished 
into Judaic or iheologi4in, and Hermtiie or medi- 
eifuUf the latter being, according to them, the 
art of knowing the most occult properties of 
bodies by an immediate communication with 
spirits, — the knowledge being thus acquired by 
inspiration, and incapable of inducing error. It 
wa« also called Ar« ec^alit'ticaf * cabalistic art' 

CABAL'HAU. A plant of Mexico, according 
to Dalechamps, which passes for an antidote to 
white hellebore, and yet is used for poisoning 
arrows. It is unknown to botanists. 

CAB'ALIST, GabaHs'ta. One instrueted in 
the Cabal. 

CABALLATION, Cynoglossum. 

CABARET, Asarum. 

CABBAGE, Brassica^-o. Cow, Nymphsda odo- 
rata — c. Irish, Draoontium foetidum — c. Skunk, 
Dracontium foetidum — c. Swamp, Dracontium 
fcetidum— c. Water, Nymphsoa odorata — o. Tree, 
Geoffrasa inermis — c. Bark tree, Geo£freainermis. 

CABBAGIUM, Geoffiwa inermis. 

CABUREIBA, Myroxylon Peruifemm. 

CABUREICIBA, see Myroxylon Peruifemm. 

CAC^'MIA, CacKiB'miay from rams, 'bad,' 
and 'aiiia, ' blood.' A faulty or morbid condition 
of the blood. 

CACiESTHE'SIS, CaeatBtthe^tU, Caeoatke*- 
Htf from KoKott 'bad,' wad aioBncis, 'feeling.' 
Morbid sensation. Morbid general feeling. In- 

CACAFERRt. Ferri suboarbonas. 

CAC'AGOGUB, Caeago'gua, from cajcn;, < ex- 
crement,' and ayuv, 'to expel.' An oinUnent, 
composed of alum and honey ; which, when ap- 
plied to the anus, produced an evacuation. — 
Panlus of ^gina. 


phor^bium, A plants which Dodoens and others 
oonsidered to be capable of tempering the caustic 
properties of enphorbium. it is also called 

Many varieties of the Cacalia are used, in dif- 
ferent countries, chiefly as condiments. 

CA'CAO, Oa'ooa, doea'm, Quakoil, Cacava'ta. 
The ooooa or chooolata nut; fruit of 7Aeo6ro'ma 

CaeaOf Co'eoa Oa/eavi/'era, Cla'eao 

tati'va, CcuMo tkeobro'ma; Family, Malvaoess. 

Sex, Syt Polydelphia Pentandria. 

CACATION, Defecation. 

CACATORIA, Diarrhoea. 

CAC'ATORY, Oaeato'riug, from edteare, 'to go 
to stool.' FebrU cacato'ria; a kind of intennit- 
tent fever, accompanied by copiooa alviae evacua- 
tions. — Sylvius. 


CACAVI, Cacao, Jatropha maaihQi. 

CACCE, Excrement 

CAGCION'DB. a sort of pill, ehiefly formed 
of catechu, recommended by Bagiivi in dysentery. 

CACEPHEBOTB'SIA, from <ra«oo 'bad,' and 
ti^t0orrii, 'puberty.' Morbid puberty. Disease 
occurring at the period of puberty. 

CACHANG-PARANG. A sort of bean of Su- 
matra, mentioned by Marsden, whose seeds are 
given in pleurisy. Jussieu considers it to be the 
Mimo'ta scandent, 

CACHECTIC, Cackee'te; Cackec'tieut, same 
etymon as Caekexicu One attacked with ca- 
chexia. Belonging to oachcxisu Caekec'tiea 
remed'ia are remedies against cachexia. 

CACHEN-LAGUEK, Chironia Chilensis. 

CACHEX'IA, from cacor, 'bad,' and 's^it, 
' habit' Statut cachee'tieuM, Cachexy, Dyetke'ns, 
(F.) Caehexie. A condition in which the body 
is evidently depraved. A bad habit of body, 
chiefly the result of scorbutic, cancerous, or ve- 
nereal diseases when in their last stage. Hence 
we hear of a Scorbutic Cachexia, Caneeroue Ca- 
chexia, Ac. Sauvages and CuUen have included 
under this head a number of diseases — consump- 
tions, dropsies, Ac Cachexia has been some- 
times confounded with diathesis. Cachexia Je- 
ter'ica is jaundice or icterus itself, or a disposition 
thereto. Fluor albus is sometimes called Ca- 
chexia Uterine^ 

Cachexia Africana, Chthonophagia — c Cal- 
culosa, Lithia — c. Cancerous, see Cancer — o. 
Chlorotic, Chlorosis — c. Dysthetica, Dyscrasia — 
c. Icterica, Icterus — c. Lymphatica farciminosa, 
see Equinia. 

Cachexia LoxDiirEN'sis. The paleness and 
other evidences of impaired health presented h^ 
the inhabitants of London. A similar cachexia is 
seen in those of other crowded cities. 

Cachexia, Marsh, (F.) Cachexie paludienne. 
The state of cachexy observed in malarious dis- 

Cachexia BATURimrB, SatumismoB. 

Cachexia, Scorbutic, see Purpura — a Sero- 
phulosa. Scrofula. 

Cachexia Sple'ihca. The state of scorbutie 
cachexia, which often accompanies diseases, es- 
pecially enlargement of the spleen, SpUneU'gia 
JBenffolen'ne, in India. 

Cachexia Vxhbrba, Syphilis — a Venous, Ve- 
nosity—H). Yirginum, Chlorosis. 

CACHEXIE, Cachexia— e. PalwUeim^, Ca- 
chexia, marsh. ( 

CACHEXY, Cachexia. 

CACBIBOUf see Bursem gommifera. 

CAGHINLAGUA, Chironia chUenais. 

CACHINNA'TIO, from eac&tniio, 'I laugh 
aloud.' A tendency to immoderate huighter, as 
in some hysterical and maniacal aJTections. 

CACHIRL A fermented liquor made, in Cay- 
enne, from a deoootion of the rasped root of the 
manioc It resembles perry. 

CAGHLEX. A small stone or pebUs^ fbond 




on 4ii« saa shore. .Ob« of these, when heated in 
tb« fire, and cooled in whey, commanicates an 
aitrin^ncy to the liqnid, bo that it was anciently 
esteemed to be useful in dysentery. — Galdn. 

CACHOS. An oriental fruit, apparently of a 
Selanam, whioh is esteemed lithontriptio. 

CACHOUy Catechu. 

CACHRTS LIBANO'TIS. An umbelliferons 
fdant which grows in Africa and the South of 
Borope. It is aromatic and astringent Its seeds 
■re extremely acrid. 

Cachrts Maritoca, Crithmnm maritimum. 

CACHUN'DS. An Indian troch or pastile 
composed of amber, mastic, musk, cinnamon, 
aloes, rhubarb, galanga, pearls, rubies, emeralds, 
garnets, ^o. It ia regarded by the people of In- 
dia as an antidote, stomachic and antispasmodic 

CACO, Jc«ro, properly only an abbreviation of 
Mraf. In composition it means something* de- 
lectire ; as in the following words. 

GACOifiSTHESIS, Oacnsthesis. 

CACO-ALEXITBRIA, Alexipharmio. 

CACOCHO'LIA, from caxo;, ' bad,' and ^oXii, 
'bile.' Diaeases induced by a depraved condition 
of the bile. 

CAC'OCHROI, Cbe'ocAn, from «a«of, <bad,' 
and Xf*^* * colour/ Diseases in which the com- 
plexion ia morbidly changed in colour. 

CACOCHTL'IA, from cacof, 'bad,' and x»Xo(, 
'chyle.' Depraved chylification. 

CACOCHYMaA, KakoelMftn'ta, Oomtp'tio 
ffumo'rumf from kokos, * bad,' and x^fior, 'juice,' 
'haraonr.' Oaooch'^my, Depravation of the 

Cacocotkia Pluitbea, Lead poisoning — & 
Soorbntica, see Purpura — c. Scrophulosa, Scro- 
fala — c. Venerea, Syphilis. 

CACOCH'TMUS, Cacoehym'ietu, One attacked 
with caeochymia. Belonging to cacochymia. 

CACOCNE'MUS, Cacocne'mieu», MalU turit 
pTmdVht9 ; from caxer, 'bad,' and «vi7/<)r, 'the 
teg." One who has bad legs. 

CACOCORE'MA, from Ka«o{» 'bad,' and Ko^i^, 
'I purge, or cleanse.' A medicine which purges 
off the vitiated humours. 

CACODiB'MON, from «a«of, 'bad,' and ^oi/iwv, 
'a spiriL* An evil spirit, to whioh were ascribed 
many disorders. The nightmare. 

CACO'DES, from mm;, 'bad,' and o^civ, 'to 
tmell,' — maU olent. Having a bad smell ; Cbco'- 

CACODIA, see Cacodes. 

GACOETHES, Cacoeth'ietta, from xtucof, 'bad,' 
sad $Sos, * disposition, habity' Ac. Of a bad or 
ritiated character, as uleua eacoi'tkM, an ulcer 
of a malignant character. 

CACOETHICUS, Cacoethes. 

CACOGALAC'TIA, Caeoga'lia, from jcoirof, 
'bad,' and yoXa, gen. yaAa«rvf, 'milk.' A bad 
condition of the milk. 

CAGOGALAG'TICA, same etymon as the but. 
One who suffers from a bad condition of the milk. 

GAGOOALIA, Cacogalactia. 

CACOOEN'KSIS, from Koxoty 'bad,' and ym- 
9iu * generation.' A morbid formation* 

GACOMORPHIA, Deformation. 

CAC0M0RPH08IS, Deformation. 

CAGOPATHI'A, Pat'tio Mata, from mtot, 
'bad.' and v«5«f, 'affection.' A diatressed state 
of mind. — Hippocrates. 

CACOPHO'NIA, from mm;, 'bad,' and ^witt, 
'voice,' vitia'Ui vox, A dissonant condition of 

CAGOPLAS'TIC, Caoopku^ticMj Dytplattnaf. 
ic ; from tantt * bad,' and irXavra, ' I form.' Sus- 
ceptible of only a low degree of organisation, as 
the indurations resulting from low or chroalo 
iafluuBatioiiy ftbro-oartilagey cirrhosisy 4e. 

GAGOPRA'QIA, Ca^oprax'u, from Kaxoi, 
' bad,' and irparru, ' I perform.' Depraved con- 
dition of the organic functions. 

CAGOPRAXIS, Gacopragia. 

CAGORRHACHI'TIS, from icocoj, 'bad,' and 
p^X*^' '^® spine.' Caeor'rhaehi9, Caeorhtiehit, 
Cacorhacki'titf SpondylaVgicu Deformity of the 
spine. Disease of the spine. Spontaneous luxa- 
tion of the vertebrsB and ribs dependent upon 
internal causes. 

GACORRHTTH'MUS, Arr\yth*muM, from co- 
Koif 'bad,' and ^Sfios, 'rhythm,' 'order.' Irre- 

GACO'SIS. Makt dUponfio, (P.) Vice. A 
bad condition of body. — Hippocrates. A diseased 
condition in general. 

GAGOSIT'IA, from ravor, 'bad,' and mriov, 
'aliment' Disgust or aversion for food — Faa- 
tid'ium cibo'rum, 

GACOSMIA, see Gaeodes. 

GAGOSOMrUM, from mkos, 'bad,' and vw^a, 
' the body.' An hospital for leprosy, and incura- 
ble affections in general. 

GAGOSPERMA'SIA, Oacotperma'Ha, OaeoS' 
per'mia, from jcoxo;, 'bad,' and nrcffia, 'sperm.' 
A bad condition of the sperm. ' 

GAGOSPHYX'IA, from nuot, 'bad,' and 
v^v^tf, ' pulse.' — Vitio'$u» puVttu, Bad state of 
pulse. — Galen. 

GAGOSPLANGH'KIA, from icokos, 'bad,' and 
ffirXay^^voy, 'a viscus.' Indigestion. The ema- 
ciation dependent upon imperfect digestion.-— 

GAGOSTOM'AGHtJS, from kokos, 'bad,' and 
vTOftaxos, 'the stomach.' What disagrees with 
the stomach. Indigestible. — Gomeus. 

sive. 4 

GAGOS'TOMUS, from kokos, 'bad,' and erv^a, 
' a mouth.' Having a bad mouth. 

GAGOTHYM'IA, Vieium An'tmi, from mkos, 
' bad,' and ^itos, ' mind,' ' disposition.' A vitioua 
state of mind. — Linden. 

GAGOTRIBULUS, Gentanrea oalcitrapa. 

GAGOTRIGH'IA, from kokos, 'bad,' and fl^f, 
Tpix^Sf ' hair.' Disease of the hair. 

GAGOTROPH'IA, from nxot, 'bad,' and rfo^n, 
'nutrition.' — Vitio*»a nutrWio; — disordered nu- 
trition. — Galen. 

OACOU, Cagoi, Gatechu. 

GAGOtJ'GIA GOGGIN'BA, Coucin'ea, (he. 
ein'wif Sehou9b€^a eoeetVeo, Tikimma, A peren- 
nial twining shrub of Soutii America, the plant 
of which, as well as the fruit, is possessed of 
emeto-oathartic properties. 

CACTIER, Gactus opuntia. 

GACTUS OPUN'TIA, Optm'tia, The Indian 
Fig, (F.) Cactier, Raquette, Fignier d'Inde. This 
plant grows in South America, Spain, Italy, Ac. 
Its fruit, which has the shape of the fig, is of a 
sweetish taste, and colours the urine red when 
eaten. Its leaves are considered refrigerant. 

The fruits of different species of cactus aro 
called Tuna». 

GADA'BA, Stroi*mia, A genus of the family 
Oapparide<B, natives of India and Arabia. The 
young shoo^ of the Oada'ha/arino'ta are consi- 
dered to be an antidote against venomous bites. 

GADA'VER, Puma, Necron, A dead body ; 
mBubjeet; a earcoM, (P.) Cadatfre* The word 
has been supposed to come from eado, ' I fall ;' 
and by some to be a contraction from earo data 
vermibutf ' flesh given to the worms.' (?) 

GADAV'EROUS, Cadav'erie, Cadavero'nta, 
Netro'de; (F.) Cadav4revx, Belonging to the 
dead body; aa eadaverou* tmtlL The Cadav^m 
erouM or Bippocrat'ic /acs (see Face,) ia an uu 




ffiTonrable sign in discMe, and generally denotes 
a fatal termination. 

Gaday'erous or Caday'sbio HrPBRii'MiA. 
The hypostatic hyper»mia obserred in depend- 
ing puts of the dead body. 

GADDT INSECT, see Ectozoa. 

CADE, Janipems ozycedras. 

CADEJI-INDI, Malabathmm. 

CADEL-AVANACU, Croton tigUum. 

CAD I A. An Egyptian, leguminons plant 
The Arabs attribute to ite fresh leaves the power 
of relieving colic. 


CADMIA, Calamina, Tatia. 

CADMri SULPHAS, Chrfmi'um mMti'rtcttm, 
Suiphcu Cadmt'cutf Meli'ni Sulphat, Klapro'thii 
Sulpha$f Klapro'thium Sulphu'ricum, Melinum 
Sulphu'rieuniy Sulphate of Cadmium, Used in 
spots on the cornea, and in chronic torpid inflam- 
mation of the conjunctiva, in the quantity of half 
a grain to a grain to the ounce of water. 


CADTCHU, Catechu. 

CADUCA HUNTBRI, Decidua— c Passio. 

CADU'CITY, Imbecil'lUat, DehiVita; Cadtt'- 
eitaa, from eadere, 'to fiUl.' The French use the 
word CaducitS for the portion of human life which 
is comprised generally between 70 and 80 years. 
The age which f>recedes decrepitude. It is so 
termed in consequence of the limbs not usually 
possessing sufficient strength to support the body. 
The precise age must of course vary in indi- 

CADUQUEf Decidua membrana— c. /?(/7^cAte, 
see Decidua membrana — e. Vraie, Decidua mem- 
bran a. 


CADUS, Ka6os. A Greek measure equal to ten 
gallons English. — Pliny. Amphora. 

TERIUS) are situate at the fore and back parts 
of the tuber annulare of the brain, and at the 
extremities of the depression made by the verte- 
bral artery. The former Ls placed between the 
nerves of the third ; and the latter between those 
of the sixth pair. 

C^C^ H^MORRHOI'DES, Blind PiUt, 
(P.) Hfmorrhoides aveitgle$f are those unaccom- 
panied by any discharge. 

C^CAL, Cktca'li: Belonging to the osecum, 
from cisetu, * blind, hidden.' The Caeal arteriet 
and veint are the branches of the Arteries et vena 
eolica dextrtB inferiore»y distributed to the caecum. 

CiBCATRIX, Cicatrix. 

C^'CITAS, CbB'c»fa«, CtBcitu'do, Ablep'tia, 
Obcigea'tio, Occaea'tioj Anap'giOf Ti/'phlotet, 
Ttfphlo'tit, Blindne99f (F.) Avewflcmfnt, Cieiti, 
Perte de la vue. Csscitas may be dependent upon 
many different diseases, — as upon amaurosis, 
specks, hypopyon, cataract, glaucoma, ophthal- 
mia, atrophy of the eye, Ac 

C^ciTAS Crkpuscularis, Hemeralopia — c 
Diurna, Nyctalopia — c. Noctuma, Hemeralopia. 

C-fiCITUDO, CsBcitaa. 

CJSCUM, Cceeum, Intetii'num cacumf Jlonom'- 
achon, Jfonom'aeumf Monoco'lony Monoeu'lumf 
7)fphlo*t€ron monoeo'lan, Typhlot'erumf Tjfphlo- 
infterum, Init^ium intetti'nt cratn, Saccus Itntet- 
tini er€u*i sen CoH, Cacum Caput eolif Caput coli, 
Prima celia coli, Ini^'ium extu'herant coli, from 
eacH9f 'blind.' The Blind Out, so called from 
its being perforated at one end only. That por- 
tion of the intestinal canal which is seated be- 
tween the termination of the ileum and com- 
mencement of the colon ; and which Alls, almost 
wholly, the right iliao fossa; where the perito- 

neum retains it immovably. Its lengtb le abool 
three or four fingers' breadth. The lUo^emetU 
valffe or Valve of Bauhin shuts off all oommimi- 
cation between it and ihe ileum ; and tlie Appm^ 
dix vermi/ormxM caci is attached to it. 

Cjecux Fora'mbn of the firontal bone is a ema& 
cavity at the inferior extremity of the internal 
coronal crest or crista. — Fronto-ttkmoitial fora^ 
men, (F.) Trou aveugle on horgne, Morgagni haf 
given the same name to the small cavity in tlie 
middle of the upper surface of the tongne, near 
its base ; the sides of which are Auniuied with 
mucous follicles — Laeune de la langue — (Ch.) 

C^cuM, Phlbomonous Tumour of teb, TJ" 

CiBCUS. 'BUnd.' One deprived of rights 
Tj/pMop», (F.) Aveugle, Borgne, In anatomy, H 
is used to designee certain holes or eavitki^ 
which end in a eul-de-9ao; or have only oo# 

Blind DuetM of the Urt'thra, (F.) CondmUt 
aveuglet de ^urithre, are the Jfucow* Lacv^nm 
of the Ure'thra. 

C^LA-DOLO, Torenia Asiatica. 

C^MENTUM, Lute. 

blue — c. Borussicum, Prussian blue. 


Cj£SALPI'NIA, Ccsfolpi'nia eappan, Sappim 
or Samp/en wood, (F.) BrMUet, Bois de Sappam, 
A small Siamese tree, the wood of which is osed 
in decoction, in oases of contusion. 

Brcuil wood, Pernambuco or Femamhuco woodm 
formerly used as an astringent^ is the wood of 
CiESALPiN'iA Echuva'ta. This is the proper 
Brazil wood ; but another variety in commerce ii 
the Braniletto, from Catalpinia BratilienM, and 
C. crista, which grow in the West Indies. 

The Nicaragua or PeacK-wood is analogoni to 
this, and is said to be derived from a spedes of 

The kernel of Cjesalpix'ia Bo5DrcELL'A, the 
seed of which is called in India Kutkuleja and 
Kutoo Kurunia, is given as a febrifuge toniou 
Dose, ten grains. 

C^SA'REAN SECTION, Cata'rean opera'^ 
tion, Tomotoc'ia, OtBBa'rea tectio, Partua caea'" 
reun, Opera' tio c<B*a'rea, Metrotom'ia, (F.) Opi^ 
ration Citarienne, from c^gdere, 'to cut.' An 
incision made through the parietes of the abdo- 
men and uterus to extract the foetus. In this 
manner, Julius Csesar is said to have been ex- 
tracted. — Pliny. It is also called Hy9terotom*%<tg 
Hifrterotomotoc'ia, Oattrometrotom'ia, GatterhyM^ 
terot'omy, Oattrometrot'omi, QoHrohytterofom^^ 
(F.) Operation Charienne, An incision has be«i 
made into the uterus through the vagina, consti- 
tuting the Vaginal CtBtarean Section, Oattrelv-' 
trotom'ia, Qastrocolpotom'ia, Laparacolpotom'%<tg 
Laparo^lytrotom' ia, (F.) Operation c4$arienne 
vaginale. The Cesarean section may be re- 
quired when the mother dies before delivery;— 
when there is some invincible obstacle to delivery 
from the faulty conformation of the pelvis; or 
when the child has passed into the abdominal 
cavity in consequence of rupture of the uterua. 

CiESARIES, Capillus. 

C^SIUS, Glaucoma. 

CiE'SONES, Cce'tarei. Children brought into 
the world by the GsBsarean operation. 

C^SU'LIiE. They who have gray eyes. 


CiBTCHU, Cateohn. 

CAF, Camphor. 

CAFAL, Agrimony. 

CAFAR, Camphor. 

OAFi, Coffea. 




CArt jL la SULTAKE. TUg saaiie has 
giren to ui inAuion or decoction of the 
gnmnd coqftm or perioarps which anrronnd the 

CAF£ CITRIN, The aqueous inftuion of 
BaroMited eoffee, so eaUed on account of its yel- 
lowiih tinL 

CAFBYBRy Coffea Arabioa. 

CAFF A, Camphor. 

OAFIER^ Coffea Arabiea. 

CAFUR, Camphor. 

C AG A S 'TR U M. The prineipal or germ of 
diaeas^s which are communicable. — Paracelsus. 

CAQNEUX, Cagot. Bee Kyllosis. 

CA00SA:NGA, ipecacuanha. 

CAOOTSf (F.) A name given to deformed and 
mlflttable beings, met with in the Pyrenees, Bern, 
and Upper Gaecony, in France, where they are 
also called OapoU. In other districts they are 
eilled GHits, OSxitaitUf Oritin; GaheUf Capon; 
OoUbert9f Cacoutf Cagneuxj Ac. See Critin. The 
wvrd Ca^t ia supposed to be an abbreviation of 
tXmf Got\u9, * Dog of a Goth.' 

CAGUE-SANGUE, Caq^e»angw!. 

CAHINCJB RADIX, Cainc» radix. 

CAI'EPUT OIL« Cafepvit oil, Kyapufty, Ca- 
jm'ti (yUum. The volatile oU of the leaves of 
JMaUu'ea Oajapu'ti, a native of the Moluccas. 
The oil has a ftrong, fragrant smell, like cam- 
phor ; taste pungent and aromatic. It is stimu- 
iaat, and uaefnl where the essential oils in general 
are employed. It has also been called Oil of 
Witnehen, from the person who first distilled it 

OAJLLE, Tetrao cotumiz. 

CAILLEAU, Lantana. 


CAIILELAJT BLANC, Galium mollugo— e. 
Vraie, Galiam verum. 

C AIL LOT, Coagulum. 

CAINAN^ RADIX, Caincss radix. 

CAiN'CiB RADIX, Radix Chioeoe'ea, R, 
Caina'»a sen Caninana sen CakinetB seu iTo- 
hinea seu Serpenta'riiB Braz\lien*9i», Cainca Root, 
The bark of the roots of Ckioeocc'a anyui/'uga, 
Ch. de%»ifo*lia, and, perhaps, Ch, raetmo'ta, a 
plant of the Family RubiacesB. Stx. Syt. Pen* 
tandria Monogynia, of LinnsDus. It is bitter, 
tonic, and diuretic, but has not been long intro- 
daced. Dos« of the powder, from 9j to ^^s. 

Dr. John H. Griscom, of New York, considers 
there is a remarkable analogy between the Cain- 
ea and the Apetcjfnum eannahinum, 

CAINITO, Chrysophyllum Cainito. 

CAIPA SCHORA. A cucurbitaceous Malabar 
plant, the fruit of which has a pyriform shape. 
The juice ia drunk in that country for the pur- 
pose of arresting hiccough. The fruiC vhen 
taripe. is emetic. 

CAISSE, Case — e. du Tambour, Tympanum. 

CAITCHU, Catechu. 

CAJAN, Phaseolus cretieus. 


CAKES, WORM, STORY'S. Thesewere 
composed of ealonul and jalap, made into cakes, 
snd coloured with cinnabar, 

Creseentia Cnjete. 

lea turn. 

CALAF, Salix ^ffypiiaea, A large-leaved I 
Egyptian willow, called, also. Ban, The dis- 
tilled water of the flowers, called Maedhalef, 
pesses, in that country, for as excellent ant- 
sphroditiae. It is also used as an aatUoimie, 
•atueptie, and cordiaL 

CALAGUALA, see Calaguale radix. 

CALAGERI, Vemonia aothelmintioa. 

CALAGIBAB« Y tnioni* aatheimlntica. 

CALAGUAOiiB RADIX, Catagu^liB Radix, 
The root of Pofypo'diwn Oalagua'la seu adianti- 
/or^mi seu oorto'ceum seu ammi/o'liwn seu ar^ 
gen*teum ecu poVitwn, Atpid'ium eoria^ceum sen 
/krrugin'eum seu dit'eolor, Tecta'ria ealahuala 
seu jerrugin'ea, Calaguala, Calahnala, It has 
been exhibited in Italy in dropsy, pleurisy, con- 
tusions, abscMses, Ac. Its properties are noty 
however, clear. 

CALAHUALA, see Calagualss radix. 

OALAMANDRINA, Teuerium chamsdiys. 

CALAMBAC, Agallochum. 

CALAMBOUK, Agallochum 

CALAME'DON, from mXafia;, 'a reed.' This 
word has had various significations. Some have 
used it for an oblique fracture of a bone; the 
fractured portions having the shape of the nib 
of a pen. Others have used it for a longitudinal 
fracture ; and others, again, for one that is com- 

CALAMI'NA, Cal'amine, from calanut, 'a 
reed,' so called from its reed-like appearance. 
Ckidmi'a, OcUkmir, Oadmi'a lapido'ta ttiro'$a, 
Cadmi'a Fo^wili; Lapit Aero'nu, Calim'ia, La- 
pi* Calamina'riM, Caiamina'ri$, Car'bonat Zind 
impu'nUf (F.) Pierre ealaminaire. Native im- 
pure carbonate of sine. Calamine is chiefly used 
for pharmaceutical purposes in the form of the 
Calamina. PRiBPARA'TA, Lapie Calamiua'rie pra- 
para'tue, Oar^bon€u stnct impu'rue prapara'tta, 
Zinei car*bona» prttpara'tHt, Prepared Calamine f 
— Calunine reduced to an impalpable powder by 
roasting and levigation. In this state it is 
sprinkled or dusted on excoriated parts, or to 
prevent excojriation, Ac. 

CALAMINARI8, Calamina. 

CALAMINT, Melissa Calamintha— c. Field, 
Melissa nepeta-~c Mountain, Melissa grandiflora 
-^0, Spotted, Melissa nepeta. 


CALAMINTHA, Melissa C— c. Anglica, Me- 
lissa nepeta^-c. Erecta Yirginiana, Cunila Mari- 
ana — c. Hederacea, Glechoma hederacea — e. 
Magno flore, Melissa grandiflora -^e. Montana, 
Melissa grandiflora— c. Nepeta, Melissa nepeta— 
c Parviflora, Melissa nepeta — c. Pulegii odore, 
Melissa nepeta — e. Trichotoma, Melissa nepeta. 

CAL'AMUS, raXa^of, <the reed.' In the Phar- 
macopoeia of the U. S. the rhisoma of acoma 

Calamus ALBXAjmm'Nvs. Celsus has thus 
called a medicine, which was long confounded 
with Calamue Arotnaticue, It is not a rooty 
however, but the stalk of a plant of India and 
Egypt, probably the Andropo'gon Nardue. It 
entered into the theriaca^ and has been regarded 
as antihysterio and emmenagogue ; — CtUamue 
aromatieui verus. 

Calamus Abomaticus, Acorns calamus — o. 
Aromaticus verus. Calamus Alexandrinus — c 
Draco, C. rotang — c. Indicus, see Saechamm — 
0. Odoratus, Acorns calamus, Juncus odoratus. 

Calamus Rotaho, C, Draco. The systematio 
name of a plant, whence Dragon** Blood, San- 
guie Draeo'nie, Oinnal/arie Ongeo'rum, Draeon- 
tJuB'ma, (F.) Sang-Dragon, is procured. It ia 
the red, resinous juice, obtained, in India, from 
wounding the bark of the Calamue Rotang. It 
has been used as an astringent in hemorrhagA, 
Ac. ; but is now rarely employed. 

Calamus Soripto'rius, Anag'lgphi, 'a writing 
pen,' (F.) Fo99ette angulaire du guatriime veti- 
trieule. A small, uagular cavity, situate at the 
superior extremity of the medulla, in the fourth 
ventricle of the brain, which has been, by some, 
supposed to resemble a pen. 

Calamus YuLOAuSy Acoras ealamns. 




CALAPPITB. Rumphiua hu giveii this name 
to calculoat oonoretioni, found in the interior of 
oertain ooooa nuts. The ooooa tree itself the Ma- 
lays call Calappa. These stones are, likewise, 
termed VegetabU Bexoardi, The Malays attri- 
bute potent virtues to them, and wear them as 
CALASATA, Cinohonss oordifoliss oortex. 
CALBALA, Cabal. 

CALBIA'NUM. The name of a plaster in 
MyrepsuB, the eomposition of which we know 

CALCADINUM, Ferri sulphas. 
CALOAIRE, Calcareous. 
CALCA'NEAL, Calca^new, fh>m calx, <the 
heel.' Haying relation to Uie ealcaaeum, as 
'calcaneal arteries.' 

ORTEIL, Abductor minimi digiti pedifi— «. Pha- 
langinitn commun, Extensor brevis digitorum 
pedis — 0. SotU'phalangettien eommtiti. Flexor 
brevis digitorum pedis — e. Sotu-PkalanginUn 
eommunf Flexor brevis digitorum pedis— e. Sow- 
pkalangien du petit orteUf see Abductor minimi 
digiti pedis — e. Sua-phaUtngettien eommun, Ex- 
tensor brevis digitorum pedis. 

CALCA'NEUM, from calx, <the heel.' Calea'- 
neutf CalcoTf CaVcia, Ichnnt, 0§ Caleit, Ptema, 
Pter'ninm, The largest of the tarsal bones : that 
which forms the heel. It is situate at the poste- 
rior and inferior part of the foot ; is articulated 
above and a little anteriorly with the astragalus; 
anteriorly, also, with the os ouboides. Ita poste- 
rior aur&oe^— called Heel, Talne, Calx, (F.) To- 
Um, — gives attachment to the tendo-^achillis : the 
lower has, posterioriy, two tuberosities, to which 
the superficial muscles of the sole of the foot are 
attached. The nuM Apophfyeie or laUral Apopk- 
yne of the Calea^neftm, (F.) Petit Apophyee ou 
Apopnjfee latiraU du CeUeanium, is a projection 
at the upper surface of this bone, on which is 
formed the posterior portion of the cavity that 
receives the astragalus. The great Apoph'yeie, 
anterior Apopk'y^ of the Calea'neunif is the 
projection which corresponds, on one side, with 
the cuboides ,* and on tiie other forms the ante- 
rior iMut of the facette which receives the astra- 

CALCANTHON, Atramentnm. 
CALCAR, Calcanenm, Ergot— <, Avis, Hippo- 
campus minor. 

CALOA'RBOUS, Calca'rette, Oalca'riut; from 
eoto, 'lime.' {V.) Caleaire. Containing Ume : — 
as ealcareoua coneretioiUf 0, depoiitione, Ac. 
CALGARIA CHLORATA, Calcis chloridum 
— «. Chlorica, Calcis chloridum— c Phosphorica, 
sae Comu oervi— c Pura, Calx— c. Pura liqulda, 
liiquor calcis. 
CALCARLfi CHLORUM, Calcis chloridum. 
CALCATOR, Ferri sulphas. 
CALCATREPPOLA, Centaurea ealcitrapa. 
CALCINO'NIA. Words employed by Paracel- 
ins to designate the concretions of tartrate of 
lime which form in the human body. 
CALCEN08, Caloetus. 

CALCBOLA'RIA, fh>m ealeeolw, <a small 
•Upper;' Slipperwort, 

Causeola'bia Pbocata. is used in Peru as a 
Oalobola'iiia Tuf'ida ir esteemed to be febri- 

OALCB'TUB, Cahent/fUfu, Oalee'fice. That 
which abounds in tartrate of lime. An a4jective 
used by Paracelsus in speaking of the blood; 
Samgmie eaUe*tu», Henee came the expremion 
OaUimMd blo9d, Samf cahimL 


CALCHOIDEA, (OB.) Cuneiform bone. 

CALCIA, Calcaneum. 


CALCIG'RADTJS, PtemoVatee, from calx, 
frrtova, * the heel,' and ^ai vm, ' I walk.' One who 
walks on his heels. — Hippocrates. 

CALCn CHLORURETUM, Calcis muria»— c 
Oxychloruretum, Calcis chloridum — c Oxydum^ 
Calx viva — c. Protoohlorurotum, Calcis chloridum. 

CALCINA'TION, Calcina'tio, Calci'non, Om. 
erema'tiof from ealx, 'lime.' The act of submit- 
ting to a strong heat any infusible mineral sub- 
stance, which we are desirous of depriving either 
of its water, or of any other volatilisable sub- 
stance, that enters into its composition ; or which 
we wish to combine with oxygen. Alum is cal- 
cined to get rid of its water of crystallization ;— - 
chalkf to reduce it to the state of pure lime, by 
driving off the carbonic acid; and certain tnetah 
are subjected to this operation to oxidise them. 

gyrum precipitatum. 

CALCmONIA, Calcena. 

dum — c. Carbonas, Creta — c. Carbonas dunUy 
Creta, Marmor — c. Carbonas friabilis, Creta. 

Calcis Cab'boxab Pr^cipffa'tus, Prectp'i- 
taied Car'bonate of Lime, Precipitated Chalk, 
This preparation, introduced into the last edition 
of the Pharmacopceia of the United States, is pre- 
pared as follows : Liq. Caleii Cklorxd. Ovss; Sodm 
Carhonat, tt>vj ; AquiB deetillat, q. s. Dissolve the 
carbonate of soda in six parts of distilled water; 
heat this and the solution of chloride of calcium, 
separately, to the boiling point, and mix. Wash 
the precipitate repeatedly with distilled water, 
and dry on bibulous paper. It has the same 
properties as creta prteporata, and is preferred to 
it in certain cases, — for example, as u) ingredient 
in tooth powders, owing to its freedom from 
gritty particles. 

Calcis C^lo'riduic ; Chlo'ride of Lime, Chlo'" 
ruret of Lime, Hypochlo' rite of Lime, Chlorite of 
Lime, Oxymu'riate of Lime, Calx chlorina'ta, (Ph. 
U. S.) Protoxiehlor'uret of Calcium, Calea'riaehla- 
ra'ta, Chlorum Calca'ria, Chloretum Calea^rimp 
Calcaria Chlo*rica, Oxychlorure'tum Caleii, PrO' 
tochlorure'tum Caleii, uhlorure'tum Oxidi Caleii, 
Bichlorure'tum Calcis, Oxymu'riae Calcia, Caleia 
Hypoehlo'rie, Calx oxymuria^ice^ Bleaching Pow^ 
der, Tennanfe Powder, (F.) Protoxichlorure ds 
Calcium, Ohlorure de Uhaux, Oxiehlomre d€ 
Chaux, Ohlorure d* Oxide de Calcium, Biehlorur^ 
de Chattx, Oximuriate de Chaux, Muriate twroa^ 
igini ou Oxiafni de Chaux, Poudre de Blanche 
ment, P. de Tennant, A compound resulting from 
the action of chlorine on hydrate of lime. 
Chloride of lime is a most valuable disinfecting 
agent, Tsee Disinfection,) when dissolved in the 
proportion of one pound to six gallons of wat«r. 
It has likewise been employed both internally 
and externally in various disease^ as in scrofola* 
foetor oris, foul ulcers, Ac. Ac. 

Calcis Hbpar, Calcis sulphuretum — c Hy- 
dras, see Calx — c Hypochloris, Calcis chloridum. 

Calcis Mu'rias ; J/uWote of Lime, OalxeaWttu 

Caleii Chlorure*tum sen Chlo'ridum, Chloride ef 

calcium, (F.) Chlomre de calcium, Muriate on 

Hydrochlorate de Chaux, This salt has been 

given, in solution, 9» a tonic, stimulant, Ac., ia 

scrofulous tumours, glandular obstructions, gene- 

'ral debility, Ac A Solu'tio Muria'tie CaUi^ 

\ Liquor Calcie Muria'tie, Solution of Muriate of 

' Lime, Liquid Shell, may be formed of Mmrintn 

of Lime ^, dissolved in dietilled water tt^ 

The LxQVOB Calciz Chlobidi or SoUuian ef C' ' 




o/ CbleMM, of Ae PhanDMopola of the 
Unitod States, ia prepared ai followe : — Marble, 
IB frag^eote, Jix, Jfartofie cund, OJ ; DUHUttd 
nefcr, a aafficienfc qoantitj. Mix the acid with 
a half pint of the water, and gradually add the 
marUe. Towarda the close of the eflfenresoence 
apply a gentle heat^ and, when the action has 
eeased, pour off the clear Uqaor and evi^porate to 
drrneis. Diseolye the residuam in its weight uid 
a half of distilled water, and Alter. Dose, from 
|tt zzx to f 33, in a capful of water. 

Calcis OxmnBiAS, Calois ohloridum. 

Calcib Svlphvre'tum ; Hepar CkUeit, SuV- 
fkvti of Lime, (F.) Proto-kydroeul/ate de Col- 
CMM, Hfdromtl/ate de ekaux. Principally used 
in sdation, as a bath, in itch and other cuUmeous 

CALCITBA, Ferri sulphas. 

CALCITEOSA, Plumbi ozydum semiritreum. 

CALCITHOS. Cupri subacetas. 

CALCITRAPA, Centaurea Galcitrapa, Del- 
phinium consolida — c. HippophsBstam, Centau- 
rea calcitrapa-s- c. Stellata, Centaurea calcltrapa. 

e. Cklomtre de^ Caleia muriaa— c. Chhrure €Poxide 
i«t Caleia chloridum — e. Protohydroeul/ate de, 
Caleis sulphuretum — e. ProtoxicMorure de, C&l- 
ds ehloridum — c. Protoxichloruret of, Calds 
eUoridnm^-o. Protoxide of, Calx. 

Orn, Abductor minimi digit! pedis — c. Subpha- 
laageas pollieis, Abductor pollicis pedis. 

CALCOCOS, Bell-metal. 

CALCOIDEA, (ossicula,) Cuneiform bones. 

OALCOTAR, Ferri sulphas. 

CALCU L, Calculus. 

CALCVLEVX, Calculous. 

CALCULI, see Calculus — o. Articular, see 
Oalculi Arthritic ; and Concretions, articular. 

Calculi, Alters atino, see Calculi, urinary. 

Calculi, ARTHRrr'ic, Tophi, Tuber'etUa ar- 
Atifiea, Ckalk-etonee, Nodee, (F.) Pierree eray- 
tme», Calemlm arthritiquee, Nceude, Concretions, 
which form in the ligaments, and within the cap- 
nlea of the joints, in persons affected with gout. 
They are composed of uric acid, soda, and a little 
aaimal matt«r; very rarely, urate of lime and chlo- 
ride of Bodinin are met wiUi. Similar calculi are 
found in other puis besides the joints. , 

CAL'ciJi.r, BiL'lART, Oal'euli bilio'ei Ku/ell'ei 
lea hilia'rii, BiViary Coneretione, Oall-Honet, 
CholoPitkw, ChoUVUhtu, (F.) OcdeuU biliairee, 
Pierrte an JieL Some of these contain all the 
BMlerials of the bile, and seem to be nothing 
Biore than that secretion thickened. Severtd 
contain Picromel; and the greater part are com- 
posed of from 88 to 94 parts of Choleeterin, and 
of from 6 to 12 of the yellow matter of the bile. 
BQiary caleali are most frequently found in the 
gall-bladder : at other times, in the substance of 
the liyer, in the branches of the Ductue h^>atictu, 
Of in the Ihtetue Oommunie OhoUdochue, The 
first are called Oyetic ; the second Hepatic ; and 
the last, sometimes, Bepatocytie, The causes 
which giro rise to them are rery obscure. Often 
tttey oeoasion no uneasiness, and at other times 
the symptoms may be confounded with those of 
hspaticia. At times, they are rejected by the 
ao«th, or hy the bowels, ^ong with a oonsidera- 
hje qaaatiij of Mle, which hMl accumulated be- 
htad fliem ; al other times they occasion riolent 
ahiosuaal inflammation, abscesses, and biliary 
fittnls, raptare of the gall-bladder, and fatal 
tttasion into the peritoneum. The passage of a 
faQ-etoaa ia extremely painfril ; yet the pulse is 
Ml at int affected. AntiphlogistieB, when there 
li iiflimmatioiy aofeioii, and strong dosea of opiom. 

to allay tiie pahi and spasm, with the warm baifa^ 
are the chief remedies. Solyents are not to be 
depended upon. They cannot reach the calculi. 

Calculi, Bora Earth, see Calculi, urinary-— «. 
Compound, see Calculi, urinary — c Cystio, see 
Calculi, urinary. 

Cai^'culi, of the Ears, (F.) CaleuU de VOreiUe, 
Hard, lighl^ and inflammable concretions, which 
occur in the meatue auditoriue extemue, and are 
merely indurated cerumen. They are a frequent 
cause of deafness. They oao be easily seen, and 
may be extracted by appropriate forceps, after 
having been detached by injections of soap and 

CALcnu FsLLXi, Calculi, biliary — c Fusible, 
see Calculi, urinary. 

Cai<'ci7LI, Laoh'rtxai/, (F.) Oaieule laery-' 
maux. Concretions sometimes, but rarely, form 
in the lachrymal passages, where they occasion 
abscesses and fistulas, which do not heal until 
they are extracted. No analysis has been mada 
of them. 

Calculi, Lithio, see Calculi, urinary. 

Gal'culi op thr Majoi^, (F.) Oaieula dea 
Matnellee, Haller gives a case of a eonoretion, 
of a yellowish- white oolour, which had the shape 
of one of the excretory ducts of the mammary 
gland, having been extracted from an abeeesi 
seated in ^at organ. 

Calculi, Mdlbrrrt, see Calculi, urinary. 

Cal'culi of the Pan'creas, (¥, CaleuU du 
Pancriae. These are but little Known. Ana- 
logy has induced a belief that they resemble 
the salivary. Some have supposed that certain 
transparent calculi, rejected by vomiting, or 
passed in the evacuations, have proceeded from, 
the pancreas, but there seems to be no reason for 
this belief. 

Cai/'culi of the Phtbal Olakd, (F.) CaleuU 
de la Glande Piniale, These have been fre- 
quently met with. No symptom announces their 
presence during life. They are composed of phos- 
phate of lime. 

Cal'culi of the Prostate, Proetafie eal*culi» 
These are not very rare. They have generally 
the same composition as the preceding. They 
usually present the symptoms common to every 
tumefaction of the prostate, and sometimes those 
of calculi in the bladder. 

Cal'culi Pdl'moxart, (F.) CcUeuU pultno^ 
naircB, These concretions are very frequently 
met with in the dead body, without seeming to 
have produced unpleasant symptoms during life. 
At other times, they are accompanied with all 
the symptoms of phUiisis, Phtkieie ealeuleuee, of 
Bayle. At times they are expectorated without 
the supervention of any unpleasant symptom. 
They are usually formed of carbonate of lime 
and animal matter. 

Cal'cclt, Sal'itart, Cal'euli aaliva'lee, Sia» 
loViihi, (F.) Calcnle etjUivairee, Concretions, 
usually formed of phosphate of lime and animid 
matter, which are developed in the substance of 
the salivary glands or in their excretory ducts. 
In the first case, they may be mistaken for a 
simple swelling of the gland ; in the second, they 
may generally be detected by the touch. They 
may be extracted hy incision in the interior of 
the mouUi. The calculus developed in the sub* 
lingual ducts has been called Cal'ctUut emhHn' 
gua'lie and JZan'wfo lapide'a. 

Cal'culi, Spbrmai^ic, (F.) CaleuiU eperma- 
tiquet. These have been sometimes found in tha 
vesioulB seminales after death. They cannot be 
detected during life. No analysis has been mada 
of them. 

Cal'cuu of the Stomach ard iRTBs'nHMy 
Baierol'itkue, S. Oal'mbu, CoproPitimt, OMMre. 




tio'nt» alvi'na, (F.) Oaleuls de reHomae, C. in- 
tMtinauXf Pierre* §tereorale9, CoHcrftion$ intwti- 
nalea. Calculi of the stomaob are rare, and have 
almoBt always been carried thither by the anti- 
peristaltic action of Uie intestines. The symp- 
toma occasioned by them are those of ohronic 
gastritis. It has been imag^ed that the conti- 
nued use of absorbent powders, as magnesia, will 
give occasion to them. 

Intestinal ooncretions, (F.) CaleuU inteBtinauXf 
are not uncommon in animals (see Bbzoarp:) 
but they are rare in man. The causes which 
give rise to them are little known : sometimes a 
biliary calculus affords them a nucleus. Their 
composition varies. They are light, hard, very 
fetid, and not inflammable. They are formed, 
ordinarily, between the valvulao of the small in- 
testines, or in the cells of the large, and some- 
times in old herniflB. Whilst they do not ob- 
struct the passage of the alimentary mass, they 
produce no unpleasant symptoms. At times, the 
movable tumour which they form may be felt 
through the parietcs of the abdomen. They are 
generally evacuated per anum, 

Cal'culi of thk Tonsils. Calculous concre- 
tions, which sometimes form in the tonsils. (F.) 
CalcuU de* AmygdaUe. They are easily recog- 
nised by the sight and touch: sometimes they 

are discharged by spittings eiihar alone or wilk 
the pus of an abscess oeeaaioned by their pi<^ 
senoe. They have not been analysed. 

Calculi, Triple, see Calculi, arinaiy — ik 
Uric, see Calculi, urinary. 

Cal'culi, U'binart, UroPithi, (F.) Oatodt 
urinairet, Pierrea urinairea, Concretioiui which 
form firom the crystalliiable sabstances in the 
urine, and which are met with not only in tiht 
whole course of the urinary passages, but in ii- 
tulous openings wherever the nrine stagnatM 
naturally or accidentally. Their causes are b«t 
little known. They are more common at the two 
extremities of life than at the middle, and more 
so in some countries and districts than in othenk 
At times, a clot of blood, a portion of muoiu, ke^ 
form the nucleus. The symptoms and tresU 
ment vary according to the seat of the ealcnlas. 
There is no such thing probably as a medieal 
solvent, See Urinary CalculL 

Modem chyinists have demonstrated the exist* 
cnce of several components of urinary calonUi 
vix., Lithie Acid^ Phoepkate of Xime, Ammtmiae^ 
Magneeian Phoephate, Oxalate of Lime, QifHie 
Oxidtf and Xanthie Oxide^ with an animal ee- 
menting ingredient. The varieties of calculi, |no- 
duced by the combination or intermixture of theee 
ingredients, are thus represented by Dr. Pariii 


•PBcm or C4L. 




1. LiTBic or 


Fork, a flattened oval. 8. G. 
generally ezceeda I,SOa Ctleur, 
browiii#h or fawn-like. Surface, 
Muooth. TVzturf, laminated. 


It consists principally of Litkie 
Acid. When treated with nitric 
acid, a beautiful pink substance 
results. This calculus is slightly 
soluble in water, abundantly so 
in the pure alkalies. 

It is the prevaiiiag 
species ; but the surflHt 
sometimes occurs fine- 
ly tuberculated. It fre- 
quently cnnslitutea ths 
nueM of the other spe- 


Oflour, dark brown. TYzture, 
harder than that of the other 
upecioa. 8. G. from 1.43H to 1.076. 
Surf act, studded with tubercles. 

It is oxalate t^ time, and is de- 
composed in the flame of a spirit 
lamp swelling out into a white 
efflorescence, which is quick- 

This species includes 
some varieties, whicfa 
are remarkably smooth 
and pale-oolmired, n- 
sembluig kewtpeeed. 


Colour, pale browu or gray; 
*%rfar.B, smooth and polished ; 
ttrueiure, regularly laminated; 
the laminr easily separating 
into concrete crusts. 

Principally pkaepkate of time. 
It is soluble in muriatic acid. 


Colour, generally brilliant 
white. Surface, uneven, studded 
with shining crystals, less com- 
pact than the preceding species. 
Between its laminn small cells 
occur, filled with sparkling par- 

It is an ammouiata-magne^aM 
pkoepkate, generally mixed with 
phosphate of lime. Pure alka- 
lies decompose it, extracting its 

This speaes attaJDS a 
larger size than any of 
the others. 

5. roaiBLB. 

Colour, grayish white. 

A compound of the two fore- 
going species. 

It is very ftasible, 
melting into a vitreoos 

6. CTsno. 

Very like the triple calculus, 
but it is unstratifltKi and more 
compact and homogenous. 

It consists of cfatie oxide. Un- 
der thr blowpipe it yields a pe- 
culiarly fetid odour. It is solu- 
ble in acids, and in alkalies, 
oven if they are fully saturated 
with carlmnic acid. 

It is a rare spedea. 


Its section exhibits diflerent 
concHntric lamine. 

Compounded of several spe- 
cies, alternating with each other. 


No characteristic form. 

The ingredients are separable 
only by chymical analysis. 

1. Renal Calculi , (F.) Calcule rina%tx. These 
have almost always a very irregular 8h^>e: 
at times, there is no indication of their pre- 
sence : at others, they occasion attacks of pain 
in the kidneys, sometimes accompanied with 
bloody or turbid urine. Often, they cause in- 
flammation of the kidneys, with all its unplea- 
sant results. They are generally formed of urio 
acid, acnimal matter, and oxalate of lime, with, 
sometimes, phosphates. The treatment will have 
to Taiy, aooording to the abienoe or preienoe of 

inflammatory signs, — relieving the irritation bj 
opiates. A surgical operation ean rarely be ap- 

2. CalcuU of ike Uretera, (F.) Oalemlt 4m 
Urft^ree. These come from the kidneys, and do 
not produce unpleasant efleets, nnlen thejov 
so large as to obstruct the course of the aiiB% 
and to occasion distention of the whole of tt* 
ureters above them ; or unless their emihee is li 
rough as to irritate the mncona Benbrane^ ani 
I oeeaeion pain, hemorrhage^ 




pain, dsrin; the paMsge, u ioinetimeB very vio- 
Unu «xtendii|g to the testiole of the same eide 
io the male ; and oocaaiooiDg a numbneBs of the 
thigh in both sezee. The treatmeot coiuiste in 
general or local blood-letting, warm bath, and 

3. Oalcuii, VaBtealj Sterne in the Bladder ^ 
Litk'ia Veeica'ligf LitkVcme eye'ticOy Lithi'ant 
wt»ica'li», Cyeto-litki'aevt, Dyeu'ria calculo'eaf D, 
trrita'tOf CaVeulut ven'ciB, (F.) CaleuU viaicavuc. 
These are the most common. Sometimes, tbey 
proceed from the kidneys : most commonly, they 
are formed in the bladder iteelf. Sense of weight 
in the perinaeam, and sometimes of a body roll- 
ing vhen the patient changes his position j pain 
or itching at the extremity of the glans in men ; 
frequent desire to pass the urine ; sadden stop- 
page to its flow ; and bloody urine—are the chief 
Bgns which induce a suspicion of their existenoe. 
We cannot, however, ^ certain of this without 
sonnding the patient Sometimes, when of a 
small size, they are expelled: most commonly, 
they remain in the bladder, the disorganiaation 
of which they occasion, unless removed by a sur- 
gical operation. 

4. Calculi Ure'tkrai. They almost always pro- 
ceed from the bladder. The obstruction, which 
they cause to the passage of the urine, the hard 
tamoar, and the noise occasioned when struck 
by a sound, indicate their presence. They are 
remored by incision. 

5. Cahuii of Fi$'ttdoua pcueagee. These arise 
▼hen there is some fistulous opening into the 
arethra. Thejr can be readily recognised, and 
may generally be extracted with facility. (F.) 
Calcid* placSt kore dee voice urinairee. See Uri- 
Bary Calculi. 

CiL'cuLi OF THB TJ'tbrus, (F.) Oalcide de 
TUUme. These are very rare. The signs, which 
iadicate them during life, are those of chronic 
tftgorgewunt of the uterus. Their existence, con- 
sequently, cannot be proved till after death. 

CALCULIFRAGUS, lithontriptic. 

CAL'CULiOUS, (F.) CaleulettXy Gravelevx. 
That which relates to calculi, especially to those 
«f the bladder. 

CALCULS BTLIAlRESy Calculi, biliary— 
c de FE^oma^f Calculi of the stomach — e. de la 
Olamde Piniaie, Calculi of the pineal gland — e. 
Iteetinaux^ Calculi of the stomach and intestines 
— e. LaetymaMx, Calculi, lachrjrmal — o. dee Ma- 
9ellee, C^culi of the mammas — c. de V Oreille, 
OaUsnli in the ears — c. du PanerSae, Calculi of 
•he Panereaa — c Plaeie kore dee voiee urinairee, 
Galcali of fiatulous passages — c. P«7iMonai>ea, 
<^leaK, pnln&onary — c. RSnaxtx, Calculi, renal — 
t Satimirte, CalcnU, salivary — c. Spermatiqueef 
Cklcttli, Bpennatic~-c. Urinairee, Calculi, urinary 
— «. rfee Urieh'ee, Calculi of the ureters — c. efc 
tVthue^ Calculi of the uterus — e. VleieauXf Cal- 
rali, veaicaL 

CALTULITS, Lapie, Lithoe, Xi5er. A dimi- 
ntive of eabc, a lime-stone. (F.) Calctdf Pierre. 
Oalffali are concretions, which may form in every 
P*rt of the animal body, but are most fre- 
quency found in the organs that act as reservoirs, 
>a4 in the excretory canals. They are met with 
la die tonfils. Joints, biliary ducts, digestive pas- 
■ges, lachrymal ducts, mammas, pancreas, pineal 
Iwd, prostata, lungs, salivary, spermatic and 
vinary paaaages, and in the uterus. The causes 
vhieh give riae to them are obscure. 

Those that occur In reservoirs or ducts are 
Mppoaed to be owing to the deposition of the 
■hstaaeea, which compose them, from the fluid 
u H pasaea along the duet; and those which 
Mnr ta the nibatuiee of an ox^aq *ro regarded 

BB ihe product of some ohro&io irritation. Th«lr 
general effect is to irritato, as extraneous bodiea, 
the parte with which they are in contact; and to 
produce retontion of the fluid, whence they have 
been formed. The symptoms differ, according to 
the sensibility of the organ and the importance 
of the particular secretion whose discharge they 
impede. Their eolution is generally impraeti* 
cable: spontaneous expulsion or extraction ii 
the only way of getting rid of them. 

Calculus Bbzoar, Beaoard — o. Dentalii^ 
Odontolithus — c Encysted, Caleul ekaUmn6 — Oi 
Sublingualis, see Calculi, salivary — o. VeaicaSi 
Calculus, vesical. 

CALDAS, WATERS OF. Caldas is a smaU 
town, ton leagues from Lisbon, where are mineral 
springs, containing carbonic and hydrosniphuric 
acid gases, carbonates and muriates of lime and 
magnesia, sulphates of soda and lime, sulphuret 
of iron, silica, uad alumina. They are much 
used in atonic gout. They are thermaL Tem- 
perature 93^ Fahrenheit 

CALDE'RL£ ITAL'ICA Warm baths in 
the neighbourhood of Ferrara, in Italy, much 
employed in dysuria. 

CALEBASSES, Cucurbita lagenaria. 

CALBFA'CIBNTS, Cale/acien'tia, Therman^. 
tica, from ealidiu, * warm,' and facio, ' I make.' 
(F.) Bchavffante, Substances which excite a de- 
gree of warmth in the part to which they are 
applied, as mustard, pepper, Ac. They belong 
to the class of stimulants. 

CALEFACTIO, £chauffement, 

CALENDULA ALPINA, Arnica montana. 

Calsn'dulA Arven'sis, CaUha Arven'eie sen 
offieina'lie, Wild Mar'igold, (F.) Souei dee 
Champe. This is, sometimes, preferred to the 
last. Ita juice has been given, in the dose of 
from f Jj to fjiv, in jaundice and cachexia. 

Calbn'dula Ofpicina'lis, O, Sati^va, Ohry^ 
ean'themumf Sponea eolie, Caltha wdya'rie ; Ver- 
ruca'ria, Single Mar'igold, Garden Mar^igold^ 
(F.) Souei, S. ordinaire. Family, Synantheress, 
Syngenesia necessaria, Linn. So called from 
flowering every ealend. The flowers and leavea 
have been exhibited as aperients, diaphoretics, 
Ac, and have been highly extolled in cancer. 


CALENTU'RA, from eaUre, <to he warm.' 
The word, in Spanish, signifies fever. A specief 
of furious delirium to which sailors are subject 
in the torrid sone: — a kind of phrenitis, th« 
attack of which comes on suddenly after a broil- 
ing day, and seems to be characterized by a de- 
sire in the patient to throw himself into the seik 
It is only a variety of phrenitis. 

Calrktura Contixua, Synocha. 

CALENTU'RAS; Palo de Calentu'rae, Pomet 
and L£m6ry say, that these words are sometimes 
applied to cinchona. Camelli says, they mean, 
also, a tree of the Philippine Isles, the wood of 
which is bitter and febriftige. 



CALICES r£nALES, see Calix. 

CALICO BUSH, Ealmia Uitifolia. 

CALIDARIUM, see Stove. . 

CALIDUM ANIMALE, Animal heal— o. In- 
natum. Animal heat. 

CALIGATIO, Daiiling. 

CALFGO. 'A mist' AeMye, (B,) BrouiUard. 
An obscurity of vision, dependent upon a speck 
on the cornea: also, the speck itself; Caligo oar*' 
nea, Mac'ula eomeegf M, eevupellu'eida, PJukar^ 
ma caligo, C, d nephel'io, UebetH*do vteite, C, 4 
Leue(/maU, H'eb'tda, OpeJte wrnea^ Web-e^ {Jf.} 




Nouage de la Comic, Taye, ObtcureiMement de 
la vue. 

Calioo Lektis, Cataract — o. PnpillsB, Syne- 
tifliB — c. Sjnizesis, SynezuuB — o. Tenebrarum, 


CALIX, OcUyx, In/undib'iUum, from KaA(|, 'a 
eup/ ^F.) Calietf Entonnoir, Anatomists have 
l^ven uiis name to small membranous canals, 
which surround the papillsD of the kidney, and 
open into its pelvis, whither they convey the 
urine: — CaVieet rena'le*, Ciflind'ri membrana'cei 
^enunif Fit'tula ure'ierum rentim, Canale* mem- 
hra'tifi Renum.f Tu'huli pelvit rentim. Their 
number varies from 6 to 12 in each kidney. 

Calix VomTOBiA, Qoblet, emetic. 

CALLEUX, Callous. 

CALLIBLEPH'ARUM, from wXXof, 'beauty,' 
and ^Xtrpapov, ' eyelid.' A remedy for beautify- 
ing the eyelids. 

CALLICANTHUS, Calycanthus. 


CALLICREAS, Pancreas. 


CALLIPiB'DIA, from coAAof, 'beauty,' and 
wats, iraiioi, 'a child.' The art of begetting beau- 
tiful children. This was the UUe of a poem by 
Claude Quillet, in 1655 ; "CaUipadia tive de put- 
ehrtB prolia hahenda ratione. The author ab- 
surdly supposes, that the beauty of children is 
•JFected by the sensations which the mother ex- 
periences during her pregnancy. 

Tim etor. 


CALLIPHYLLUM, Asplenium trichoma- 

CALLTPTGOS, from kqXXos, 'beauty,' and 
rvyri, * buttocks.' A cognomen of Venus, owing 
to her beautifVil nates. 

tree, Nat. Ord, ConifersB, from the branches 
and cones of which a gum exudes, that resem- 
bles Gum Sandarac. This is successfully used 
in the form of fumigations in gout, xheumatiBm, 
cedematous swellings, Ac 

Callitris CdpressoKdes, a common shrub in 
the neighbourhood of Cape Town, exudes a simi- 
lar substance. 

CALLOSITAS, Induration — c Palpebrarum, 
Scleria^is— c. VesicsB, Cystauxe. 

CALLOS'ITY, Calloe'itcu, Secret, TvU, Tybu, 
Tylo'maf Tjflo'nt, DermcUotclero'n'af bermatoty- 
lo'ma, Dermatotylo'tUf Dermatot'^liu, Ponu, JBc- 
phy*ma OaUu§. Hardness, induration, and thick- 
ness of the skin, which assumes a homy consist- 
ence, in places where it is exposed to constant 
pressure. (F.) Durillon, Also the induration, 
which is observed in old wounds, old ulcers, fis- 
tulous passages, Ac. 

CALLOUS, CaUo'atu, Oektho'des, from callui, 
'hardness.' (F.) CaUeux, That which is hard 
or indurated. A Calhua Ulcer is one whose edges 
are thick and indurated. 


CALLUNA ERICA, Erica vulgaris — c Vul- 
garis, Erica vulgaris. 

CALLUS, Calu9, Callum, OtUot'ylva, (F.) Cal 
The bony matter, thrown out between Uie frac- 
tured extremities of a bone, which acts as a ce- 
ment, and as a new bony formation. The words 
are, likewise, used occasionsJly in the same sense 
aa Callosity. 

Callus, Provisional. When the shaft of a 
long bone has been broken through, and the ex- 
tremities have been brought in exact juxtaposi- 
ttoA, the sew matter, first oadfiedy ii Uiat wUoh 

occupies the central portion fA the deposit^ and 
thus connects the medullary oavitiM of ue brt^tt 
ends, forming a kind of plug, which enters eadi. 
This was termed by M. Dupaytren tha proft 
sional Callus. 

CALMANTSf SedaUves. 

CALME,{¥,) The interval that sepaiBtM tht 
paroxysms of an acute or chronic diaeaM. Whn 
the type is intermittent, the word imUrmU&iom if 

CALOMBA, Calumba. 

CALOMEL, Hydrargyri inbmnriaa. 

CALOMEL STOOLS. A term applied to tU 
green, spinach -like, evacuations occasioned hj 
the internal use of the mild chloride of mereniy. 


Calomelanos Turqueti. a name given by 
Riverius to purgaUve pills, prepared with eal^ 
mel, sulphur, and resin of jalap. — Dietionarifli. 

CALOMELAS, Hydrargyri submurias. 

CALO'NIA, caXwyio. An epithet f or mc rij 
given to myrrh. — Hippocrates. See Myiriia. 

gara octandra. 

CALOR, Heat— 0. Animalis, Animal heat— 
c. Nativus, Animal heat. 

OALORWITi, (F.) Calorxc"xia», ThefiMsd^ 
possessed by living bodies of generating a ■ufl- 
cient quantity of caloric to enable them to resist 
atmospheric cold, and to preserve, at all timet 
and in every jMti, a temperature nearly aqfuL 
See Animal Heat 

CALORIFA'CIENT, Cahrifiani, Calori/^^ 
eien»f CaloriJi'anM: from calor, 'heat,' and>mn^ 
'to make.' Having the power of prodneing 
heatb Relating to ue power of produoing beaL 

CALORIFICA'TION, CatoriHea'tio, tram ea- 
lor, 'heat,' and /en', 'to be made.' The AmfltloB 
of producing animal heat. 

CALORIN^SESy from calor, 'heat.* Tb» 
name under which M. Baumes proposes to ar> 
range all diseases, characterised by a sensiUa 
change in the quantity of animal heat. The Ga- 
loHnhe$ form the first class of his Nosology. 

darii, Mudar. 

CALOTTE, (F.) Pile'olutn, Anatomists soma- 
times give the name, Calotte aponfvrotiqmt, to 
the aponeurosis of the occipito-frontalis miuiele, 
which covers it externally ; and that of OttkU$ 
du crane to the icuU-cap. 

Calotte is also applied to an adhesive plaitcr, 
with which the head of a person labouring nnder 
tinea capitis is sometimes covered, after ue hair 
has been shaved off. This plaster ia pulled fad* 
denly and violently off, in order to remove the 
bulbs of the hair. It means, also, a sort of eoif 
made of boiled leather, worn by Uiose who lave 
undergone the operation of trepanning, Ae. 


CALTHA ALPINA, Arnica montana — o. Ar- 
vensis. Calendula arvensis— c Oflicinalis, Calco* 
dula arvensis — c. Vulgaris, Calendula offieinalifc 

CALTROPS, see Trapa natans. 

CALUM'BA, Colom'bo, Calom'ba, CUoai'H 
(Ph. U. S. ;) Columbo, Radix Oolumb^, (F.) Os- 
lumbe on Columbe. The root of JtemUptr'mmm 
palma'tum, Coc'eulut palma'ttu, indigenona in 
India and Africa. Its odour is slightly aromatie; 
taste unpleasantly bitter. It is tonie and andtf^ 
septic. Dose, gr. 10 to 3J ^ powder. 

Calumba, American, Fnue'ra Walteri, /. 
Carolinien'M, F, Offidna'lU, Swer'tia dMna^it^ 
Sw. Fraae'ra, American or Marietta fill— i^ 
Indian Lettuce, YeUow Chntian, Ooidem Sealt 
Meadow nride, Pur'amidf ii aaeid in tha HMt 
OMei as tne tnie (wJnmbfti 




CALU8, CUhit. 

OALVA, Cmniimi. 

Calta, Oalva'ria. The ertaium; fho upper 
pert eepeeially ; the ekvll-eap ; — ^the Vanlt of the 
(^mniumi, Cam'era. 

CALVARIA, Cmiiam. 

itnnBmte, whieb hare a head or button. 

OALVBR'8 PHYSIC, Leptandra Virgmiea. 

CALVIT"IES, Calmfium, Phal*aera, Pkaia- 
ero'nt, Oiabrtf'iet, OpMoM, Dtpila'tio Cap*- 
itit^Pkaiaero^WMf Madaro'titf lApmttriekHtUt Bald^ 
««•*, Ac, from eeUvHtf 'bald/ ^F.) CkanvetS, 
Abeaaee of hair, particularly at tne top of, and 
hebtad, the head. Calvi^'iet ptdpebra'mm^ — 
Vam of the eye-laehee. 

CALX, Lime, Ca'rium Terrm, ProUtafide of 
Ohf«iKia, Cblea'ria jmrci, (F.) Ckaux. The lime, 
enplojed in pharmacy, shoold be recently pre- 
pind hy calcination. When water i« sprinkled 
orer caoctio lime, we haye flaked lime, hydrate 
^ <i«e,— the GoleiM HydroM of the London phar- 

Calx, eee Calcanenm — e. Chlorinata, Oalcii 
ehloridnm— c Cum kali poro, Potaeea com oaloe 
— «. Salita, Oalcis muriae— e. Bismuthi, Bismuth, 
labnitrate of. 

Calx ■ Tbstib; lime prepared from shells. 
It has probsJ>ly no medicinal adyantagee over 
that prepared from marble. 

Calx Oxtm uriatica, Caleis ehloridnm. 

Calx Yita., Oxfidnsm Cal'eiif Calx recent, JW 
woM mix. Calx ueta, (kdx et Calx viva. Lime or 
Qm^Mime, CS.) Chamx vtre. The external ope- 
nlion of calx Tiva is esoharotae, but it is rarely 
used. lime is a good disinfecting agent. It \b 
employed internally ia the form of Liquor Caleis. 
Cwli'ma Allejneey Sweet-eeented thrub, Steeet 
MknA, An indigenoue plant; Order, (>alyean- 
theffeie ; with purplish flowers, of strong, agree- 
able odour, which appear from March to June. 
Ike root ie possessed of emetic properties. 

Myrtas caryophyllata. 

CALYSTBGIA 8EPIUM, CoutoItuIus sepium 
"<, fioldaaella, CoutuIyuIus soldanella. 

CALYX, Calix. 

CAMARA, Calya. 

■ares is a small canton near Sylvands, in the 
department of Ayeyron, France, where there are 
aeidalons chalybeates. 

CAMARO'SIS, Caman/ma, from M/tofo, 'a 
Taolt;' Cameera'tio, Tettudina'tio Cra'nii, A 
Species of fracture of the skull, in which the frag- 
mente are placed so as to form a yault» with its 
base reetang on the dura mater. — Galen, Paalus 

CiJCBINO. A tree of the Molucca Islaade, 
from the bark of which a kind of gum-resin ex- 
ides, which haa been highly extoUed in dyeen- 
teiy. It appears to haye some resemblance to 
tte simarouba. — ^Rumphius, 

CAMBIUM, *Sxehange: A name formerly 
fiyea to a fiutded nutritiye juice, which was 
nppoeed to originate in the blood, to repair the 
kwses of erery organ, aad produce their increase. 

life in tlM department of Basses PyrCn€ee, 
Fnoee, where there are two mineral springs; 
tte eaa aa aeidalout chalybeate, the other sul- 
FhweoML Temperature, Vl? to 69« Fahrenheit 

CAMBODIA, Cambogia. 

CAMBO'aiA, from Cambodia, in the Eaet In- 
it la obtained. Henoe, likewise, its 

ho'giam, OamWgium, It Is called, also, Outtttf 
O^Uta gamha, €htmmi Outta, Catagavfna, Caffo* 
gau'ma, Chrytopue, Laxati'wu Ind'ietu, Ghtmmi 
Bi/gia, O. gaman'drm, 0, de Ooa, 0. de Jemu, 
Ohitta Jemoeo, Outta Qaman'dreB, OummiadPod*' 
aoram, Oamhoge or Gamboge, Ac, (F.) G^oinine 
dutte. Ord. GuttifersB. A yellow juice obtained 
from HebradendroH CambogicU'dee, and other 
plants of the natural family GuttifersB, but it ia 
not known from which of them the officinal cam- 
boge is obtained. It is inodorous, of an orange 
yeUow colour; opake and brittle; fracture, 
glaasy ; ie a drastic cathartic, emetic and anthel- 
mintic ; and ie used in yisceral obstructions and 
dropsy, and whereyer powerfttl hydragogue ca- 
thartics are required. Dose from gr. i j to yi, in 
powder, united with calomel, squill, Ac. 

Cavbooia Gvtta, Garcinia cambogia. 

CAMBU'CA, Cambue'e^ membra'ta. Buboef 
and yenereal ulcers, seated in the groin or nett 
the genital organs. — Paracelsus. See Bubo. 

OAMELSE, Cneorum tricoocum. 

CAMERA, Chamber, Fornix, Vault— o. Cordis, 
Pericardium — c. Oculi, Chamber of the eye. 

CAMERATIO, Camarosis. 

CAMFOROSMA, Camphorosma. 

CAMIKGA, Canella alba. 


CAMISOLE, Waistcoat, strait. 


OAMOMILLE FiTIDE, Anthemb ootula— 
e. Puante, Anthemis cotula — e. Jtomaine, Antha- 
mis nobilis — e. dee Teinturier; Anthemis tincto- 
ria — c. Vulgaire, Matricaria chamomilla. 

a canton, two leagues from Marseilles, where are 
two springs containing carbonate of lime, sul- 
phur, chloride of sodium, Ac. They are purga- 
taye, and used in skin complaints. 

CAMOTES, Conyolyulus baUtas. 

Campagne Is in the department of Aude, France^ 
The waters contain sulphate and ehlorohydrate 
of magnesia. Temperature, 80^ Fahrenheit. 

CAMPAN'ULA. Diminntiye of Campano. A 

Campanttla Trache'liuit, Canterbury Bett or 
Throatvfort, was formerly used, in decoction, in 
relaxation of the fauces. It is, also, called Oer- 

CAMPE, Flexion. 

CAMPHIRE, Camphor. 

CAMPHOR, from Arab. Ca'phur ot Kamyhur, 
Cam'phora, Caphura, Oaffa, Ca/, Oafut, CaphO' 
ra, AUafor, Camphire, Camphor, (F.) Camphre, 
A concrete substance, prepared, by distillation, 
from Laurue Camphora, Per'tea Cam'fora, an 
indigenous tree of the East Indies. Order, 
LaurinesB. Its odour is strong and fragrant : it 
is yolatile, not easily pulyerizable; texture crys- 
talline. Soluble in alcohol, ether, oils, yinegar, 
and slightly so in water. Its properties are nar- 
cotic, diaphoretie, and sedatiye. Dose, gr. y. to 
^j. Dissolyed in oil or alcohol, it is applied 
externally in rheumatic pains, bruiaes, sprains, Ac 

CAirPBOR Watbr, Mistura Camphone. 

CAMPHORA'CEOUS, Camphora' eeut. Rela- 
ting to or containing camphor ; — as a ' eamphor* 
octfOM smell or remedy.' 

LIENSITTM, Camphorosma Monspeliaca. 

CAMPH'ORATBD, Camphora' tut, (F.) Cam^ 
phri. Relating to eamphor; oontaininc cam- 
phor; as a eamphorated emeU, a coMpAorotecI 

ren'nie, from Camphor, and ev/iii, ' odour.' Sela'go^ 
Oamphora'Ui hiren'ia seu Monepelien'eium, Hairjf 




CbinpAorOf'ina, (F.) Camphrie de MontpeUier, 
Familjf, AtripUoee. Sex. Sjf$t. Tetrandna Mo- 
nogynia. ThU plants as its name imports, has 
an odoiir of camphor. It is regarded as diuretic, 
diaphoretic, cephalic, antispasmodic, Ac It is 
also called Chammptu'ci and Stinking Ground 

Gamphorosma Pkrennis, C. Monspeliaoa. 

CAMPHRE, Camphor. 

OAMPHR^f Camphorated. 

phorosma Monspeliaca. 

tree, twenty to thir^ feet high, which grows in 
Peru, and whose fruit— pa/»^, of a bright yellow 
colour, and as large as a moderate-sbed apple — 
had an exceedingly agreeable scent, and is one 
of the ingredients in making the perfumed water 
eallcd fjttcturo. — Tschudi. 

CAMPSIS, Fltx'io, Curva'tiOf Injlex'io. Bone 
or cartilage, forcibly bent from its proper shape, 
without breaking. — Oood. 

Campsis Deprb8sio» Depression. 

CAMPYLOR'RUACUIS; from xa/tirvXof, 
' crooked,' and paxtSt * spine.' A monster whose 
spine is crooked. — GurlL 

CAMPYLORRHI'NUS; from ca^iroAoj, 
'crooked,' and piv, 'nose.' A monster whose 
nose '\» crooked. — Gurlt. 

CAMPYLOTIS, Cataclasis. 

CAMPYLUM, Cataclasis. 

CAMUS, (F.) SimuB, Reti'tntu, Simoj Silo, Si- 
Iv*. One who has a short, stumpy nose. The 
French speak of AV2 camu*, * short nose.' 

CANADA BURNET, SanguisOrba canadensis. 

CANAL, Cana'liSf Ductu*, Mea'ttu, Porot, 
Och'etotf {F.) Conduit, A channel for affording 
passage to liquids, or solids, or to certain organs. 

Canal, AuMEyTAUY, C. DigeH'tive, Cana'lis 
eiba'rius vel digettV vut^ Ductus ciba'riuSf Tubut 
aiimenta'ri* seu intestino' rum^ Diget'tive Tube, 
Aliruent'arg Duct or Tube. The canul extending 
from the mouth to the anus. 

Canal, Arack'noid, Cana'li* Bichat'ii, Canal 
of Bichat. A canal formed by the extension of 
'ttie arachnoid over the transverse and longitudi- 
nal fissures of the brain, which surrounds the vena 
magna Galcni. The orifice of the canal has 
been termed the Foramen of Bichat. 

CANAL ART£rIEL, Arterial duct — c. de 
Bartholin, Ductus Bartholinus — c. of Bichat, 
Canal, arachnoid— c. BuUular, of Petit, GodronnS 
canal — c. Carotidien, Carotid canal — c. ChoU- 
doque, Cboledoch duct — c. Ciliary, Ciliary canal 
— c. of Cotunnius, Aquteductus vestibuli — c. of 
Fontano, Ciliary canal — c. Goudronn6, Godronni 
canal — e. Hfipatique, Hepatic duct. 

Canal, Ht'aloid. A cylindrical passage, de- 
scribed by M. J. Cloquet as formed by the reflec- 
tion of the hyaloid membrane into the interior 
of the vitreous body around the nutritious artery 
of the lens. M. Cruveilhier has never been able 
to see it 

Canal, Inci'siye, see Palatine canals— c. Infra- 
orbitar, Suborbitar canal — c. Injlexe de Vot tern. 
poraU Carotid canal — c. Intermidiare dee ventri. 
culea, Aquffiductus Sylvii. 

Canal Intes'tinal. Cana'Ue sen Duetw intee- 
tina'lit. The portion of the digestive canal formed 
by the intestines. 

Canal op Jacobson, Canal, tympanio. 

Canal, Med^ullarv. The cylindrical cavity 
in the body or shaft of a long bone, which eon- 
tains the marrow. 

Canal, Nasal, Lachrymal canal. 

Canal of Nuck. A cylindrical sheath formed 
around the round ligaments of the uterus by a 
j>rolon^tion of the peritoneom into the injnii^a^ 

CANAL DE PETIT, OodrotmS e«iua-*«. 
Pulmo-aortique, Arterial duot — e. n^^Ai^;— ^ 
Vertebral eanaL 

Canal ot Schlbmm. A minnie dronlar eanaly 
discovered by Professor Sehlemm, of Berlin. Ik 
is situate at the point of unioii of the oomea and 

Canal, Spinal, Vertebral canal — e. ^nnAdm 
de Cot temporal, AqusductoB Fallopii— «. de Ae- 
non, Ductus ssdivalis superior — e. Tkoraeifme, 
Thoracic duct — c. VeineMX, Canal, Tenona->-e. 
Vulvo-uterine, Vagina — c de Wartkon, Dnotu 
salivalis inferior. 

Canal, Tym'panio, Cana'lie tgmpan'ieue, Oamal 
of Ja'cobeon. A canal which opens on the \nmwt 
surface of the petrous portion of the iemponl 
bone, between the carotid oanal and the groove 
for the internal jugular vein. It contains Jacob* 
son's nerve. 

Canal, Venous, Cana'lie sen Dustue vemefrnte, 
(F.) Canal veineux. A canal, which exiats only 
in tho foetus. It extends from the bifurcation oc 
the umbilical vein to the vena cava inforior, intc 
which it opens below the diaphragm. At timeiy 
it ends in one of the infra-hepatie veins. It po«zs 
into the cava a part of the blood, which passes 
from the placenta by the umbilical vein. AAsr 
birth, it becomes a fibro-cellular cord. 

Canal of Wirscno, see Pancreas. 

diploe for the passage of veins ; so called aAsr 
M. Breschet. 

Canalks Circulares, Semicircular eanala— «. 
Cochlea), Scalse of the cochlea — c. Lachrymals^ 
Lachrymal ducts — c. Membranei renam, see Calls 
— c Tubseformes, Semicircular canals. 


CANALICULATUS, Cann(U, Grooved. 

CANALICUL^, Grooved. 

tritive — 0. Lachrymales, Lachrymal ducts — d 
Limacum, Lachrymal ducts — c. Semiciroularesp 
Semicircular canals — c. Vasculosi, Canals, notri^ 
tive— c. of Bone, see Lacunas of Bone. 

CANALICULUS, diminutive of eanalie, <a 
channel.' A small channel. See Lacuna of Bone. 

CANALIS, Meatus — c. Arteriosus, Arterial 
duct— c. Bichatii. Canal, arachnoid— c. Caaalien* 
latus, Gorget — c. Carotious, Carotid canal— «. De- 
ferens, Deferens, vas — c. Eminentias qnadrige- 
miniD. Aqua>ductus Sylvii— -c. Intestinomm, In- 
testinal tube — c. Lachrymalis, Lachrymal or nasal 
duct — c. Medius, Aqueeductus Sylvii— 0. MedoUw 
Spinalis, see Vertebral column — c Nerveus fistn- 
losuR renum, Ureter — c. Orbitss nasalis, Lachry- 
mal or nasal duct — c. Scalarum communis, ^ 
fundibulum of the cochlea— c. Semicironlaris ho- 
riiontalis, see Semicircular Canals — c Semidr- 
cularis verticalis posterior, see Semicircular Ca- 
nals — c. Semicircularis verticalis superior, sec 
Semicircular canals — c. Tympanicus, Canal, ^yas- 
panic — c. Urinarius, Urethra— c Vidianns, Pto* 
rygoid canal. 

CANALS OF HAVERS, Canals, nutritire of 
bones^. Haversian, Canals, nutritiTe, of bones. 

Canals, Nutritive. Canale for the nwhiHom 
of bone», Ductue nHtrit"ii, Canalie^uli vaecmlel^i 
seu Haveraia'ni, Haver* eian Canaie, Cemah ef « 
Haver; (F.) Canattx nourrieiere on du NntriHom 
dee oe, Conduitt nourrieiere on nutrieiere. The 
canals through which the vessels pass to ths 
bones. They are lined by a very fine lamina cf 
compact texture, or are formed in the textnrs 
itself. There is, generally, one large natritioai 
canal in a long bone, situate towards its "ii«i<lU- 

CANAPACIA, Artemisia vulgaris. 

of the Canaries greathr resembles that of Ha* 
d^a. That of the latter, however, is moM 




•qpttUev Bo^ tlM Meommodatioii for inT&IicLi 
■wfc snpnior. 
CANA&IUM COMMUNE, tee Amyrii elemi- 

CAXARY-SSED, Phalarto Canariensifl. 
OANAUX AQUEpXf m« Aqueoas— <r. Demi- 

nrrmiaim, 8«midrea]mr eaiudjB — c. Jajaculateuraf 
^aeolAtory daoto — e. Nourrieier; Canals, notri- 
tiT»— r. de ymtritian da o9. Canals, nntritive. 

iaf to Bichat, t£e bony canals intended to give 
jmnft to vesaels and nerres going to parts more 
or less distant ; as Uie Cnna'lU Carot'ietu, Ac. 

CANAUX VEINEUXy Venotu CanaU. The 
ODala dtaiate in the diploe, which conyej venous 

CAN'CAMITM. A mixture of several gums 
lad reajas, exported from Africa, where it is used 
to deterge wounds. Dioscorides calls, by the 
mne Kmyxm^, the tears from an Arabian tree, 
wUeh are similar to myrrh, and of a disagreea- 
Ue taste. He advises it in numerous diseases. 
Ihif name is given, also, to the Anime. 

CANCAMY, Anime. 

CASTELLATED, Cancella'ttu, (F.) Cancelff; 
from Caneelli, ' lattice- work.' Formed of oan- 
eelli. ad the ' cancellated structure of bone.' 

CANCEL'LI, 'Lattice- work.' The Cetlular 
or Spumyy Texture of Bonety (F.) Tifu eelluleux; 
eouiisting of numerous cells, communicating with 
•Mh oth«'. They contain a fatty matter, analo- 
gwu to marrow. This texture is met with, prin- 
opellj, at the extremities of long bones ; and 

le of the short bones consist almost wholly of | 

it It allows of the expansion of the extremitief 
of bones, without adding to their weight; and 
deadens concussions. 

CANCEL'LUS, from cancer, <a crab.' A spe- 
cies of crayfish, called the Wrong Heir, and Ber~ 
nard the Hermit : which is said to cure rheuma- 
tism, if nibbed on the part 

CANCEK, ' a crab.* Car'cinot, Lupue canero^. 
MM. A disease, so called either on account of the 
hideous appearance which the ulcerptted cancer 
presents, or on account of the great veins which 
surround it, and which the ancients compared to 
the claws of the crab: called also Carcino'ma, 
It consists of a scirrhous, livid tumour, inter- 
sected by firm, whitish, divergent bands; and 
occurs chiefly in the secernent glands. Th« 
pains are acute and lancinating, and often extend 
to other parts. The tumour, ultimately, termi- 
nates in a fetid and ichorous ulcer, — Ulema 
canero'eum. It is distinguished, according to ita 
stages, into occult and oven; the former being 
the scirrhous, the latter the ulcerated condition* 
At times, there is a simple destruction or erosion 
of the organs, at others, an encephaloid or cere- 
hriform, and, at others, again, a colloid degene« 

For its production, it requires a peculiar dia- 
thesis, or cachexia. The following table, from 
Dr. Walshe, exhibits the characters of the three 
species of carcinoma : 

The use of irritants in cancerous affections ia 
strongly to be deprecated. When the disease ia 
so situate that excision can be practised, the 
sooner it is removed the better. 

Em €ep k a le ii , 

lobulated eerebral 

Ii eomnooly opake firom its ear- 
liest ftknaation. 

1j of a dead white colour. 

Oaetaiaa a nraltitnde of minute 
Is lev hard and deoae than seir- 

Is fteqoently tbond in the veins 
iaaittf from the dieeased masa. 

Tbp pradofldaaDt microacopical 
cfeneoU are flobular, not always 
dwuoetlj ceUiUar, and caudate cor* 

Oecamooally atuins an enor- 

Has beea observed in almost 
eTerjr tiane of the body. 

Very comnoaly co-exista in se* 
vcral parts or organa of the aame 

U maarfcable Ibr its occasional 
vsM rapidity offrowth. 

Is frequently the seat of intterti- 
tial henorrbafe and depocition of 
Mark or bistre-coloured matter. 

Wbea aoAened into a pulp, ap- 
peart as a dead white or pink opake 
sutler of creamy consistence. 

BubeataneouB tumours are slow 
toeofitraet adhesion with the skin. 

VMmted encephaloid ia fire- 
^Qsatly the seat of hemorrhaire, 
Mlowad by rapid fiingous develop- 

ITie p rofT ess of the disease after 
*keration ia commonly very rapid. 

It ii the BMWt common fbrm an- 
ff which ascon d ar y caofoer exhi- 
!• the species of cancer moat fre- 
Mailyokasrved in young auttieeta. 



Reaemhiea rind of bacon 
versed by cellulo-fibrous septa. 

Has a aemitransparent glossi- 

Has a clear whitish or bluish 
yellow tint. 

Is comparatively ill-supplied with 

Is exceedingly firm and dense. 

Has not been distinctly detected 
in this situation. 

The main microscopical consti- 
tuents are Juxtaposed nuclear cells ; 
caudate corpuscular do not exist 
in it. 

Rarely acquires larger dimen- 
sions than an orange. 

Its seat, as ascertained by obser- 
vation, is somewhat more limited. 

Is not unusually aolitary. 

Ordinarily grows slowly. 

Is comparatively rarely the seat 
of these changes. 

Resembles, when softened, a yel- 
lowish brown aemitransparent ge- 
latinous matter. 

Scirrhiis thus situate usually be- 
comes adherent. 

Scirrhous ulcers much less fl-e- 
quentlv give rise to hemnrrhase ; 
and fungous growths (provided 
they retain the scirrhous charac- 
ter) are now more slowly and less 
abundantly developed. 

There is not such a remarkable 
change in the rate of progress of the 
diaeaae after ulceration haa set in. 

Is much 

leas common before pu- 


Haa the appearance of particles of 
Jelly inlaid in a regular alveolar bed. 

The contained matter is strik- 
ingly transparent. 

Greenish yellow is its predomi* 
nant hue. 

Its veseels have not been auffl* 
cieiitly examined as yet. 

The jelly-like maUtr is exceed- 
ingly mti ; a colloid mast is, bow- 
ever, firm and resisting. 

The pultaceouB variety has been 
detect«l in the veins. 

Is composed of shells in a state 

Observes a mean in thia reapect. 

Has BO f^r been seen in a limited 
number of parts only. 

Has rarely been met with in more 
than one oinf^an. 

Grows with a medium degree of 

Undergoes no visible change of 
the kind. 

Has ao fkr been obaerved in adults 




Oascks ALTiaLitBii, Colloid. 

Cahcbb Aqdat'icdb, San'grti 
Canerun Qrit, Qangrit^o^tit, 
wamtk, Gaitgrtnent mrt maulk, Sloyakiag Phaai- 
A>'« of the monti, Water Canttr : wiled, ilea, 
Aphtka trrptn'ttt, Gnngra'na OrU, Soma, NowU, 
Vomiui, Ptml-i " 

[, Chcilo 

, Ulot'ai 


I no'itt, Car^tuMtt, OnHret'ibM, from iiaaiiB 
oli'dt, and ohm, 'form.' Thkt vhisfa unim« ■> e^ 
of tin cereui Bppeoranea. Cuicrold it a name gtriB 
»taia cuUneona tuiceni b; AUbnt: laUal 
Chtlaid at Krlaid (x^tt, 'k lortoiM,' and 
. 'likeneaii,') from Uieir prMeutiBs a flattfa* 
d pUch of intcgniaeat, rMembllng ths iluU 







™. Oar- 



) Cu«rtr 

•KUi'M ga 




«A Iqv 

nm, Otcirotarcioo'ita, 


nl, irreguUr u 

bird ud elevalod edge 


pMtoftheiOfotum. Ei 

tirpation of the 


nm masulalum— e. du foil, i/^i>uI«arcooiie-~o. 
FibroD!, BoirrhDB. 

Cahcrr Galb'-ii, (F.) Canctr dt aalien. A 
bandage for tfae h«ad, to ubich Galon eavs the 
Dame caiteer, from iU eight heada reecmbling, 
ndel;, the clawe of the crab. It it now eup- 
plied bj the bandaga with ill chr/i or heads, 
which is called the of GaUn or B. of 
tie P-^r. 

CASOER BE QALIEN, Cancer Galeni— o. 
Oelatinirorm, Colloid— o. GolalinouB, Colloid— c. 
Hard, Sclrrhiu — c Inlcslinorum, Eatciopalhin 
canccroea— c. ifei Inleiliat, Knteropathia cbdco- 
rosa — c. of tha Lung, ?hthisij, taneerom — c. 
Lupai, Lupne — c MadDllarii, Kncepholoid — e. 
Melooncuj, Melanosia— e. MtloKi, Melanosis — c. 

CahckR, Melasot'ic, Cancer mtlano'det, Car. 

Cahceh Mollis, aec Encepbalold — o. Man, 
Eacephaloid — c Mandilomm, Cancor, chiinnej- 
iweepars'- c. Ocull, Scirrhophthalmua — r. Oris, 
Btomacace — c Oaiiis, Spina ventosa — o. Pharjn- 
j^ii at feeophagi, LnmoBcirrhaa — c Puri^atoris 
iafhmiculi, Cancer, chimnej-iweepers' — c. Soir- 
ihoauB, BciirhuB- c. Scrvti, Cancer, chlmnc;- 
■weopere'^-c Soft, II«matodea fuDgas — c. of Ihe 
Stomach. Qastroilenosiii cardiaca et pjlorica — c. 
Uteri, Hctro-carcinomiv. 

CANCiREnX, Canceroos. 

CANCER ROOT, Orobancbo Vir^iana, Phf- 

CANCHALAGUA, Cbironia ChUensia. 

CANCRBNA, Oangiene. 

OAH'CRQiD, Omm'dfiOaiienH'ch; Carei- 

Caiwro'rum, Lapil'li eancrn'mmi, OmereilUB'ts 
Ai'laci finriafilu, Cn^'i Maiui or <j«, (F.) 
Ytvx d-tcretue. Coneretioni found, partW 
larlf, in the CliNcer At'Mnii or Craf-fli}). They 
CDDtiet of carbooale and phoiphate of lime, ud 
poeeesB antacid yirtues, but not more than <dulk 

CAXCROSUS, Canoerons, Cjlonemia. 

CA»CKUM ORIS, Cascgr Aqnatieni, Sis- 

CANDBLARIA, Verbaeoum nigrum. 

CAKDI. Cauduv,, OinliwH, Oia'ttim.- 'vblto, 
bleached, purifled.' FuriSed and crTiUlliMd 
Busar. See gaochanuo. 

CANDID0M OVI. Albumen ori. 

CANDVTUFT, BITTER, Iberie amaia. 


CANE. SnOAR, lee Suchanm — a. Bxa^ 

CANEL^, Grooved. 

CAN ELLA, «ee CaneUa alba. 

Casel'la Alba, diraiiiut^re of Canta, 'a reed,' 
10 called became tu batk la rolled up like a reed. 
Corl-rx Ifm(e™'»Kt ipH-rin, Cawtla OwMna, tt 
W,Hlera-Hi«, Cinma^a'inMm allmm, Carftx A»li. 
teorhn'ticu; C Aramafiea*, Cottut torliei^w, 
Camm-ga. Cafittta of LinnKva. and of Ph. V. &, 
> Bart, Vr^artla. (F.) Cane//e oo Cnell* 

Ua«che, Fa««e £ 

I. Magno 
lU virtuee 
irelf br alco' 

FF de Win 


■e Oarii 

e parti; eitraclsd bj 

oL It i« a ttinmlaii^ 

ra and catharticc 

Camella Caiitdphtllata, Mjrtua csrf opbjd. 

lata— c. Cubana, C. alba, LauruB cauia— c Mala- 

barica et JavenBie, Laurui cauia. 


CAXEPJN, (F.) A Una lamb's >kin or goM'i 
akin, aaed for Irving the quality of lanoets. 

CANICACBOUS, Furfuraceoofc 

CAN'1C£. Meal, in which then ii much 
bran. Alao, coane bread; or bread in nUoh 
there ii much bran — Panit Cattiea'eeia, 

CAXICIDA, Aconltum. 

CANIC'tlLAi lheDo<ri(ar,EhiiDnim,'adog^ 
Iii|i<a(. SiriiiB, (F.| CoNicufe. Thie elar, wUeb 
gires itB name to Ihe Dogday; Ditt canifula'ra. 

il, wae form 
duenco on t 
occur at a pi 
rally great i 

rly boUc 

Tcd to eiert a powerfid in- 
1 eooDomy. The Dog^laja 
ie joar when there ii gene- 
MBive beat, and therefor* — 
l~a greater liability ba dia- 

CASIF, Knife. 
CANIN, Canine. 

CANINANiB RADIX, Caioeaa radit. 
CANINE, daai'HKi, Cgi 
j«,;. 'a dog.' (P.) Oiaia. 

rhieh h 




difnttion on tiia saperior maxillAij bone, mbove 
tb* d«m» eanimmt, which gives attaohment to the 
mmimm» or ievatmr angtUi orU mutoU, 

Caxivk Laugh, Sardon'ie laugh. Bums Cant'- 

mm lea Soardom' iem» sea Sardo'niva, R, de Sardo'- 

mim, JL imcolunU^riiu, R, 9jHu^tieu»f Tartu'ra 

OHm, JHator'no Oris, Gelas'aitts, Sardi'asis, Sar- 

ismCaaiSj Trismms Sardon'ieus sen eutt'teus, JSpas- 

wuts wutscmlontm facUi sen cyn'icus, Prosopospas'- 

mas, (F.) Ris canvs, R, Sardonique, R. Sardmiietif 

JL wkoqmew, A sort of laugh, the facial ejcpree- 

Bion of which is produced particularly by the 

spasaodie contraction of the Ckmintts muscle. 

ProbaUy, this expression, as well as Cynic Spasm, 

ApotaiM eaninus sen cyn'icus, Convul'sio cani'na. 

Trismus cyn'tcus, may have origlnMed in the re- 

scnblaaoe of the affection to certain movements 

IB the upper lip of the dog. The Risus Sardon'- 

«ew is said to have been so called from similar 

symptoms having been induced by a kind of Ra- 

Buenlns that grows in Sardinia. 

CA5cni TsBTHy Denies Cani'ni, Gynodon'tes, D. 
Lvkie^rii, D, angula'res, euspida'ti, columella* res, 
saUafres, Wkorden'tts, Eye Teeth, (F.) DenU ca- 
mimes, lauiaires, stngulaires, oculaires, ceiUires ou 
eondidea. The teeth between the lateral incisors 
sod small molares, of each jaw ; — so named be- 
caoM they resemble the teeth of the dog. 

CAXINUS, Levator anguli oris — c. Sentis, 
Bon canina— c Spasmus, see Canine Laugh. 
CANIRAM, Stryehnos nuz vomica. 
CAXIRUBUS, Rosa canina. 
CANIS INTERFECTOR, Veratrum sababiUa 
— e. Ponticus, Castor fiber. 

CAXIT"I£S, from canus, 'white.' Whiteness 
or grayness of ihe hair, and especially of that of 
the kouL (F.) Canitie. When occurring in con- 
sequence of old age, it is not a disease. Some- 
times, it happens suddenly, and apparently in 
etmsequence of severe mental emotion. The 
causes, however, are not clear. See Poliosis. 

CANKER, Stomacace — c. of the Mouth, Can- 
cer aquatieus-H). Water, Cancer aquaticus. 

CANNA, see Tous-les-Mois, Cassia fistula, 
Trachea— c. Brachii, Ulna — c Domestica cruris, 
Tibia— ^. Fistula, Cassia fistula— c. Indica, Sa- 
gittarium alexipharmacum — c. Migor, Tibia — 
c Minor, Fibula, Radius — o. Solutiva, Cassia 
CAXNABESr, Bangue. 

CANNAB'INA, from Kawvapts, 'hemp.' Reme- 
dies composed of Cannabis Indica. — Pereira. 
CAinrAinvA AQi7ATicA,Eupatorium cannabinum. 
CANNABIS INDICA, Bangue. See, also, 
Churms, and Gunjah. 

Cur'xABIS SatPva, (F.) Chanvre, Chamhrie. 
The seed of this — Hempseed, Sem'ina Can'nabis, 
(T.) Ch?.neri9f is oily and mucilaginous. The 
decoction is sometimes used in gonorrhoea. 

CANNAHELLEy see Saccharum. 
CANNE AROMATIQUE, Acorns calamus— 
e. Coin/fo, Cofftus — c. de Rivilre, Costus — c. d 
Suerf, sec Saccharum. 

CANSEBERGE, Yaccinium oxycoccos — c. 
Pohfinfe, Yaccinium vitis idsea. 

CANNELi ou CANELJS, (F.) from canalis, 
*» canal:' Sulca'tus, Stria' tus, Canalieula' tus. 
Htnng a canal or groove — as Muscle canneli 
(Ueatsud,) the Gemini ; Corps cannelis ou striSs, 
^« Corpora striata; Sonde canneUe, a grooved 
•wuid, Ac. See Grooved. 

CANNELLE, Laurus cinnamomum — e. 
ifeiici^, Canella sJba — c. de la Chine, Laurus 
^M* — e. tU Coromandel, Laurus cassia — e. 
fntte, Lftoraa eauiA— c OiroJUe, Myrtns caij- 

ophyllata — e. des Indes, Laurus cassia — e. de Java, 
Laurus cassia — e. de Malabar, Laurus cassia— «• 
McUte, Laurus cassiar— e. Officinale, Laurus oin* 
nunomum — e. Poivrie, see Wintera aromatica. 

CANNULA, Canula. 


CANOPUM, see Sambucus. 


CANTABRICA, Convolvulus Cantabrica. 


CANTARELLUS, Meloe proscarabsBUS. 


tuarien'ies. The waters of Canterbury in Kent, 
England, are impregnated with iron, sulphur, and 
carbonic acid. 

CANTERIUM, Cantherius. ^ 


CANTHARIDINE, see Cantharis. 

CAN'THARIS, from itav^apot, * % searahiBfts f 
Musca Hispan'ica, Mel'oi vesicato'rius, Ganthari§ 
vesicato'ria, Lytta vesicato' ria, Blistering FUff 
Blisterjly, Blisterbeetle, Spanish Fly, Flu, (F.) 
Cantharides, Mouches, M. d^Espagne, This fly 
is much employed in medicine. It is the most 
common vesicatory. Given internally, and even 
when absorbed from the skin, it affects the uri- 
nary organs, exciting strangury. This may be 
prevented, in cases of blisters, by interposing be- 
tween the blistering plaster and skin a piece of 
tissue paper. Diluents relieve the strangury. 
Dose, half a grain to one grain. If kept dry, the 
flies will retain their activity for many years. 
Their active principle, Can'tharidin, Cantharidi^-' 
na, has been separated from them. 

Cantharis Yittata, Lytta vittata. 

CANTHE'RIUS, Cante'rium. The cross-pieoe 
of wood in the apparatus used by Hippocrates for 
reducing luxations of the humerus. 

CANTIII'TIS. Inflammation of the canthns 
of the eye. 

CANTHOPLAS'TICE, fromjcoi^of, 'the angle 
of the eye,' and icXaeriKOi, 'formative.' ^e 
formation, by plastic operation, of the angle of 
the eye. 

CANTHUM, Candi. 

CANTHUS, Epican'this, An'gulus ocula'ris, 
Fon» lachryma'rum. The comer or angle of the 
eye. The greater canthus is the inner angle, 
ifircua, Hir'qmu, Bhanter ; the lesser canthuM, 
the outer angfe^ Paro'pia, Pega, 

CANTIA'NUS PULYIS. A cordial powder, 
known under the name * Countess of Kent^s pouh- 
der/ composed of coral, amber, crab's eyes, pre- 
pared pearls, <lo. It was given in cancer. 

CANTION, Candi. 

CAN'ULA, Can'nula, Au'liscus, Autos. Di- 
minutive of Canna, *a reed;' Tu'bulus, (F.) 
Cnnule ou Cnnnule. A small tube of gold, silver, 
platinum, iron, lead, wood, elastic gum, or gutta 
percha, used for various purposes in surgery. 

CA'OUTCIIOUC. The Indian name for /n- 
dian Rubber, Elas'tic Gum, Gum Elastic, Gnmmi 
elas'ticum, Cauchuc, Resi'na elas'tica sen Cnyen^ 
nen's{», Cayenne Begin, Cautchuc. A 8ubi<tance 
formed from the milky juice of Ha'vea seu Jh:vea 
Guianen'sit, Jat'ropha elas'tica seu Sipho'nia 
Cahuchu, S. elas'tica, Ficus fndt'ca, and Artocar'- 
pus integrifo'lia : — South American trees. It is 
insoluble in water and alcohol ; but boiling water 
softens and swells it. It is soluble in the es- 
sential oils and in ether, when it may be blown 
into bladders. It is used in the fabrication of 
catheters, bougies, pessaries, Ac. 

CAP, PITCH, see Depilatory. 

CAPA-ISIAKKA : Bromelia ananas. 

CAPBERN, WATERS OF. CapY>em \a )a 




the department Haatee-Pjr^n^eB, Fraoce. The 
waters oontain snlphates and carbonates of lime 
and magnesia, and chloride of magnesium. Tem- 
perature, 75° Fahrenheit They are porgatire. 

CAPELETy Myrtus caryophyllata. 

CAPELI'NA, CapellVna, (P.) Capeline ; A 
WonMn*» Hat, in French; Capu'trunif from caput, 
* head.' A sort of bandage, which, in shape, re- 
sembles a riding-hood. There are screral kinds 
of Capelinet. 1. That of the head, C. de la tite, 
Faa'cia capita'lif. See Bonnet d* Hippocrate, €, 
of the clavicle, employed in fractures of the acro- 
mion,, clavicle and spine of the scapula. C. of nn 
amputated limb—ihe bandage applied round the 

CAPELLINA, Capelina. 

CAPER BUSn, Capparis spinosa. 

CAPER PLANT, Euphorbia lathyris. 

CAPERS, see Capparis spinosa. 

CAPETUS, Imperforation. 

CAPnORA, Camphor. 

CAPHURA, Camphor. 

CAPILLAIRE, Capillary, see Adiantum 
eapillus veneris — e. du Canada, Adiantum pe- 
datum — c de MontpelUer, Adiantum eapillus 

CAPILLAMEN'TUM, from CapiUut, 'a hair,' 
OapillWium, Tricho'ma, Trichoma' tion. Any 
Tillous or hairy covering. Also, a small fibre or 

CAP'ILLARY, Capilla'rit, Capilla'ceut, from 
capxUne, 'a hair.' (F.) Capillaire. Hair-like; 

Cap'illart Vessels, Vaea eapilla'ria, (F.) 
Vai^eaux capillaircs, are the extreme radicles 
of the arteries and veins, which together consti- 
tute the capillary, intermediate, or peripheral 
9<MMcular eyetem, — the metha'mata or methamat- 
cue blood channels of Dr. Marshall Hall. They 
possess an action distinct from that of the heart 

CAPILLATIO, Trichismus. 


CAPILLITIUM, Capillamentum, Entropion, 


CAPIL'LUS, qnfksi CapitiePihu, Coma, Chate, 
Orinie, Piltu, Thnjc, Cofta'ric*, (F.) Chcven. 
This term is generally applied to the hair of the 
head, Pili seu Honor cap'itie, the chamctcrs of 
which vary, according to races, individuals, Ac. 
Hairs arise in the areolar membrane, where the 
bulb is placed, and are composed of two parts — 
one, external, tubular, and transparent of an 
epidermoid character; the other, internal and 
$ui gcnerie, which communicates to them their 
colour. The hair is insensible, and grows from 
the root 

Capillus Veiteris, Adiantum eapillus veneris 
— cV. Canadensis, Adiantum pedatum. 

CAPIPLE'NIUM, Capitiple'nium, from caput, 
'the head,' ind plenum^ * fulL' A word, employed 
with difiorent significations. A variety of catarrh. 
— Schneider. A heaviness or disorder in the 
head common at Rome, like the Ko^fi^ofia, Care- 
baria, of the Greeks. — BaglivL 


CAPISTRUM, Capeline, CheveHre, Trismus— 
0. Auri, Borax. 

Capis'trum, Phimoe, Cemoe, nt/tos, 'a halter.' 
This name has been given to several bandages 
for the head. — See Capeline, Chereetre. 

CAPITALIA REMEDIA, Cephalic remedies. 


CAPITELLUM, Alembio, see Caput 


CAPITILU'VIUM, from caput, 'the head,' 
and lavarc, ' to wuh.' A bath for the head. i 


CAPITIPURGIA, Qwpnl purgia. 

CAPITITRAHA, from ea;»Mf, ' the head,' and 
trahere, ' to draw.' Initnunenta whioh, like tkt 
forceps, draw down the head of the fcBtna wlua 
impacted in the pelvia. 

CAPITO'NES, ttom canui, 'the head.' JTa- 
croceph'ali, Proceph'ali, Foetuses whose headi 
are so large as to render labour difiloult 

CAPITULUM, Alembic, Condyle, see Caput— 
0. Costa), see Costa — c. Laryngis, Comiciilui 
laryngis — c. Majrtis, Eryngium eampestre — e, 
Santorini, Comiculum laryngis. 

CAPITULUVIUM, Bath, (head.) 

CAPXISMOS. Fumigation. 

CAPNITI8, Tutia. 

CAPNOIDES CAVA, Fnmaria bnlboaa. 

CAPNORCHIS, Fumaria bulbosa. 

CAPNOS, Fumaria. 

CAPON, Caaot. 

CAPON SPRINGS. A pleasant sunmer le- 
treat situated in a gorge of Uie North MonntdOf 
in Hampshire co., Va., 23 miles W. of Winchester. 
The waters in the vicinity are sulphurous and 
chalybeate ; — those at the springs alkaline sad 


CAP'PARIS SPINO'SA, Cap'parU, Cappar, 
Ca'pria, Prickly Caper Bueh, {¥.) OAprier. /W- 
mily, Capparidese. Sex, Sytt. rolyandria Mone- 
gynia. The bark of the root uid the buds, 
have been esteemed astringent and dinretie. 
The buds are a well known pickle. — Oapert, (F.) 

Capparis Baduc'ca, Baduk'ka. A spedes of 
caper, cultivated in India on account of tiie 
beauty of its flowers. The Orientals make a 
liniment with its juice, with which they rub 
pained parts. The flowers are purgative. 

CAPPONE , WATERS OF. At Cappone. in 
the isle of Ischia, are waters containing carbonate 
of soda, chloride of sodium and carbonate of lime. 
Temp. lOO® Fah. 

CAPREOLA'RIS, from capreolu9, 'a tcndrfl.' 
Ci99otde9, Elicoidee, (F.) Capriolaire. Twisted. 

Capreoi.a'ria Vasa. Some have called thus 
the spermatic arteries and veins, on acoonnt of 
their numerous contortions. 


CAPfiES. see Capparis spinosa. 

CAPRIA, Capparis spinosa. 


CAPJifER, Capparis spinosa. 

CAPRIFOLIA, Lonicera peridymenum. 

peridymenum — o. Peridymenum, Lonicera peri- 
dymenum — c Sylvaticum, Lonicera perielj- 


CAPRIZANS PULSUS, see Pulse, caprisant 

CAPSA, Boite, Capsule, Case — c Cordis, Peri- 

CAPSARIUM, Bottier, 



CAPSICUM, see Capsicum annnum. 

Cap'sicum Ay'yuvn, from nirrw, *I bite.' The 
systematic name of the plant whence Cayenne 
Pepper is obtained, — Pt>«r In'dicum seu Hie- 
pan'ieum, Sola'num uren9, Siliquat'trum PUn'ii, 
Piper Brnzilia'num, Piper Guineen'te, Piper Ca- 
lecu'tirum, Pij>er Tur'dcum, C. Hiepan'icnm, Pi- 
per Lueitan'icum, Cayenne Pepper, Gnin'ea Pep- 
per, (F. ) Piment, Poivre d'Inde, Pdvre de Quinte, 
Corail dee Jardine. The pungent, aromatic pro- 
perties of Bacca Cap»ici, Capeicum Berrie; Cap- 
eicum (Ph. U. 8.), are yielaod to ether, alcohol, 
and water. They are highly itimukiit and nib*- 




fciiifliit md an «Md as a oondlmant. Their ao- 
tire prineiple is oidled Capnein, 

GAracmi HispAinouKy GaiMdemn annwim. 

CAPSIQUE, Gapflicum annuum. 

CAP81TIS, BM Phaoids. 

GAP8ULA, HoUier— c. Artioalaru, Capmlar 
Itgaaent — o. Cordi% Pericardinm — e. Dentis, 
Denial foUiele — o. Lentu, lee GryitaUine — o. 
NcrTomm, Neurilemma. 

CAPSULE 8EMINALBS, VerioulaB S.— o. 
fijBoriales, Boram mncouB. 

CAPSULAJRS, Gai»8iilar. 

CAP'SULAR, GapnAa'rU, (P.) Capmtlairt^ 
Belating to a eapBola or capsule. 

Capsulxb Artkribs, Suprare'nal Arteriet and 
FetM. Veeeels belonging to the suprarenal eap- 
nka. They are divided into superior, middle, 
and inferior. The first proceed from the inferior 
phrenioy the second from the aorta, and the third 
from the renal artery. The corresponding veins 
tntor the phrenic, vena cava, and renal. 

CAP817I.AR Llo'AMEirT, Ligamen'tum capnUafri, 
(k^0uia tutieulafrU, ArUe'ular eap9uU, Fihroua 
soprale, {F.) Ligament eapnlaire, Capnde arti- 
eaiairB, OapmUe Jihreux, &c Membranous, 
ftbrova, and elastie bags or capsules, of a whitish 
eoBsistaioe, thick, and resisting, which surround 

CAPSULB, Oaf/ttdOf Oap»a, a box, or case, 
(F.) CofifnU. This name has been given, by 
aaatomists, to parts bearing no analogy to each 

CAPBin.B, Cbixulab, of thb Btb, see Eye. 

CAmvut, Fibrous, Capsular ligament 

Capsvlr, Oblat'ivous, Oajifmda gelat'inm, 
Onptnle of gtiatin, A modem invention by 
which copaiba and other disagreeable oils can 
be enTsloped in gelaiin ao as to conceal their 

CarBinjB or Glibsoh, Cap'ida GLisso'Hn, C. 
mmmm'mi* Gusso'vn, Vagi'na PotUb, V. Oua- 
ao'jm. A sort of membrane, described by Glis- 
whieh is nothing more than dense areolar 
kbrane surrounding the vena porta sad its 
ations in the liver. 

Cafsvlb ov tsb Hbart, Cafi'$nia eordu. The 

Capbvlb, Ocular, see Eye. 

CAPauLB, Rbnal, 9warare*nal or AtrahiV' 
iarjf C.f Renal Gland, Qian'dula euprarena'lUf 
Cap*9ula renaUUf euprarena^lit vel airfibilia'ritf 
Ben emoeenturia'tw, Nephrid'ium, (F.) Oaptule 
emrrimaie an atrabilia4re. A flat, triangular body, 
which covers the upper part of the kidney, as 
with a helmet. A hollow cavity in the interior 
eontains a brown, reddish or yellowish fluid. The 
i«Dal d^Mules were long supposed to be the secre- 
tory organs of the fancied atrabilis. They are 
maeh larger in the fostas than in the adult 
Th^ are probably concerned in lymphosis. 

Capsulb, Sbm'ival, Caja*euia eemina'lie. Bar- 
moLon thus designates tne extremity of the vas 
deferens, which is sensibly dilated in the vicinity 
of the vesieolss seminales. Some anatomists i^- 
ply this name to the vesiculte themselves. 

Capsvlb, Stro'tial, Oapeula Synovia'Ue, A 
Bftembranons bag, surrounding the movable arti- 
enlatlona and canals, which gives passage to ten- 
dons. Synovial capsules exhale, from tiieir arti- 
ealar suffice, a fluid, whose function is to favour 
the motions of parts upon each other. See Bursa 
ameoea, and Synovia. 

BiLIABE, Capsule, renaL 

CAPSULITIS, see Phacitis. 
CAPUCBOJf, Trapeuus. 
CAPUCIXE, TropsBolnm mi^ua. 

OAPUXtlESj Pmnus oapuUn. 


CAPULTTS, Scrotum. 

CAPUT, < the head.' Also, the top of a bona 
or other part» (F.) Tite. The head of small 
bones is sometimes termed eapit'ulum, eapiteWum, 
eephalid'ium, eeph'aUef c^kal'ium. Also, the 
glans penis. 

Caput AsPBRii Arterijs, Larynx — -c Coll, 
Gscum^-e. Gallinaceum, see Gsllinaginis caput 
— 0. GallinaginiB, see Gallinaginis caput — c. Ga- 
nitale, Glans—- e. Lubrioum, Penis — c. Monachi, 
Leontodon Taraxacum — o. Obstipum, Torticollis 
— c. Penis, Glans. 

Caput Pur'gia, Oapitipur^gia, Remedies^ 
which the ancients regarded as proper for purg- 
ing the head : — errAinet, ttemutatoriee, apophleg' 
wMtieanHoj Ac. Prosper Alpinus makes the eapvt 
purgia to be the same as errhines ; and the apo- 
phlegmatiemt the same as the mastioatoriei of 
the modems. 

Caput SoAPULiS, Acromion. 

Caput Succeda'neuv. A term sometimes used 
for the tumefied scalp, which first presents in cer- 
tain cases of labour. 

Caput Tbstib, Epididymis. 

CA Q UE- SA NO UE, Cague-eangue, Old 
French words which signify Bloody evacuatione, 
(F.) Bfjectione tangwnolentet. They come from 
caeare, 'to go to stool,' and tanguit, 'blood.' Un- 
der this term was comprehended every affection, 
in which blood is discharged from the bowels. 

CARA SCHULLI, Frutex In'dieue epino^ene, 
BarU'ria buxifo'lia, A Malabar plan^ which, 
when applied externally, is maturative and resol- 
vent The decoction of its root is used, in the 
country, in ischuria. 

CARABAC'CIUM. An aromatic wood of In- 
dia, of a yellowish colour, and a smell like that 
of the dove. Its decoction and infusion are 
given as stomachics and antiscorbutics. 

CAR'ABUS. A genus of coleopterous insects. 
Two species, the ehryeoeeph^alut Knd/errugin'euSf 
have been recommended for the tootiiach. They 
must be pressed between the fingers, and then 
rabbed on the gum and tooth affected. 

CARAGTMrE, Character, SymboL 

CARAGNA, Caranna. 

CARAMATA, Arumari, A tree in the inland 
parts of Pomeroon. It furnishes a febrifuge barky 
which Dr. Hancock says may be used in typhoid 
and remittent fevers where cinohona is ttther 
useless or pernicious. 

CARAMBOLO, Averrhoa carambola. 

CARAN'NA, Caragna, TViettmaAcrca, Caragna^ 
Caran'na Gummi, 0. BreVieie, Gum (7aran'na, 
(F.) Car<tgnef Oomme Caragne ou Carcme* A 
gum-resinous substance, which flows from a large 
tree in New Spain, and is obtained from South 
America in impure masses. It preserves its soft- 
ness for a long time, has an aromatic smell, and 
a slightiy acrid and bitter taste. It was formerly 
used as a vulnerary and in plasters. 


CARBASA, Linteum. 

CARBASUS, Linteum. 

CARBO, Carbo Ligni, Chareoal, (F.) Ckarhon, 
Fresh Charcoal is antiseptic. It \s used to im- 
prove the digestive organs in cases of worms, 
dyspepsia, Ac; as a cataplasm to gangreifOuQ 
and fetid ulcers, tinea, Ac, and forms a good 
tooth-powder. Dose, gr. x to 3J> Also, Anthrax. 

Carbo Arima'lib, Oarho eamUf Animal cAar- 
eoalf (F.) Ckarhon animcU, In tiie Pharmaco- 
poeia of the United States, it is directed to ba 
prepared from bones. It is given in the same 
cases as Oarho Ligni, and has been extolled in 
cancer. Dose, gr. ss. to gr. ilj. 

Tha Pharmaooporia of the United States o<m* 

tdni k fbrmnlB for (be pnpsntion of Cinio 
Anni'Lis FoianeA'tBH, Purified antmai char- 
eoal (' animaL lb] ; .ici'if Mim'al., Aqmt 
U (Iiij.) Poor the murUUs aoid, pniiouil; 
miied with the vstar, giadoBllj upon tLe char- 
coal, and digcit irith m genlle teat Ibr (*□ daja, 
oocuionally Btirring tlu miitnrc. BaviDg al- 
lowed the undiBSolved portion to anbiide, poar 
OC the auporDatant liquor, «uh the charoeal fre- 
qaeDtl; with water oatil it i> entirely free from 
Mid, and laatlj dty it. 

Cahbo Foii'»ii.i9, Lilianlhraz, Stone ooaL 
CiBBo HoMA'Hnii. The homan eicremenL— 

Carro Lian, Cubo — n. Hineralii, Onpbilei 
« — 0. Palpebranunj Anthracoflifl' — '0. BpoD^a, 
Spongla tuta. 

■eaqni-iodidam — o. Biaulpbarct of, Carbonii ml- 
phuretum — c, Balphurat ot, Carboais ■alphnretum 
a Terohloride of, Cbloroform, 

CAB'BONAS or CARBO'NAS, A eari*nale. 
(F.) Oarbatiair. A gait, funneil by the eombina- 
tion of FHTbonio acid with a nalifiable baee. 

Carbo!tis NATBicnii, Soda earbonu. 

niM carbonu. 

CAR'DONATED, CaritMa'tm, Acra'ru, (F.) 
CarboMf, Airt. That whiah ii impregnated with 

CARBON^, Carbonated. 


CARBON'IG ACID, Ae'idum (hrheWii^m, 
Siylitt Air of Haiti, t'aclMtHU Air, Fixed Air, 
Carhona'eeovt Acid, (kOeaWeoia Add, Atrial 
Acid, JItpl-U'it Aeid, SptVilHi Uiha'li; (P.) 
Atidc CarboKtqiie. Thla gaa, whicb neither inp- 
porta reapiralioD Dor oombnetlon, ia not oden 
■uod in medicine. It ia the maia agent in efler- 
Teacent draughte, fenaenting poallloea, Ae. It 
Ij oUca found occnpying the lower porta of miaea 
— when it ia called the rkate damp~ai\eraa, 
tombe, nclla, brewera' vats, Ac,, and not unfre- 
qneDtl; bu been the caiue ut death. Lime 
thrown into euch places soon abaorba the acid. 


CarbBi. Tbia fa made by mixing 
aleoholle Bolutiona of iodjno and i 
the former loaea Ita colonr ; a aalutio 
from whicb water throna down a ;i 
tatc — the ncKqui-iodide of carbon. 
Daed in enlarged glands and In aon 
' * applied eilemBll;, (31 


Carbo'nis SutPBDt 

r, S-lp\are' 

StJ of 

m Car- 

la'nii, Suffidum Carbo' . 
ra'Cnm, Al'eakol Sul'phuri; Bimlphu 
bo'nii, S«lpk«rtl 0/ Carton, Bitulphurel 0/ Car- 
bon, Carbiirel 0/ StUphvr, (P.) SnlfaTt de Carbon. 
Tbia tranaparcDt, colouileM fluid, whicb haa a 
Tery penetraliug, dieagieoahle odour, and a (aate 
which ia cooling at first, botaJlerwarda acrid and 

ia diaphoretic, diuretic, and baa been laid to bare 
proved emmenagogue. Il ia also used in nenoua 
discaaea aa an antiapaamodio. Doae, one drop to 
four, repeated freqoontly. 

Tt^ ia used eiteraally, wbere a cooling infioence 
haa to be rapidly eierted, and haa beea Inhaled 


CARBUNCLE, Anthrax — c Fnngona, Ter- 
nlntbna — «. of the Tongue, Olouantbrai — c 
Berry. Terminthni. 



lanaparent alone, from the Iile of Ceylon; ttr- 
lerly employed in medicdne aa > jiimmillia 
gainst aerenil poiaona, the plague, Ae. 

CARIU1ICUI.UI CLcniouLoaci, Qyuaneha Ma- 

CAR'CAROB, ftom ifuifu, 'Intoaai,' 'I 
remble.' A farer, in wbieh the patient haa • 
eneral tremor, aee 

CARCIKODES, Cancroid, C 
CARCINO'UA, Oamcero'ma, OnuWim, frtn 
tfimc, ' a crab.' Some antbon hare Ura* called 

icipiont canceri and otbera, again, Itae apadea 

* appoan 

Tebrml rabatanoe 

majority of antbi 

Cahcihona Altiolarb. Colloid — 
Bcirrhns— c Htematodea, Hnmatodea fdngoa-'a. 
Inleatinomm, Eotoropalbia cancerosa — c lin. 
gam, aioagocarciooms — c. of the Liter, Hepato- 
ecirrhna — 0. Hednllare, Enoepbaloid — e. Mela- 
nodea, Cancer, melanoUe — ct Helanolicum, He- 
lanoaia^ — c Simpiei, Beirrhna — c. Bpongionna, 
Encephaloid, Ilaimatodea fungus — c Scroti, Can- 
cer, chimnoy-Bweepers' — c Uteri. Metrocartino- 
ma, Motroicirrbus^-o. Vcntricnli.GaatroadrrhBB; 
aee OiiKlroglcDona cardiaca et pyloriea. 

CARCINOH'ATOCS. Relating to Cancer. 

cephaloid— e. SanglaM, Encephaloid, Umm*. 
matodei fnngna. 



..' A family of diaeai 

to the claMiacation of Pocb 
the different forms of Cancer. 

CABCINOSUe. Canceroui. 

CARCINUS SPONOI080S, Encephalirid. 

CARDAMAKTICA, Cardamlne pratenaia, La- 
piilinm Iberis. 


turtiam — c. Naaturtinm, Siaymliriuin nastnrtinB. 

Cardaui'mI PniTBx'iM, Oardamftit, Omrda- 
wian'lica, A'fltfnr'riMBi Aqual'irvm, Car'dauHm, 
Ctili fiat, Ibt'rit topk'ia. A'oifar'O'aai prtitrm't, 
Ladia.tmotk, Cvetoo-JloKer, Coirmon BitUr 
Ore-, (F,) Cretan tltganl, Cretan ile,pri:Pat- 
urnge •aHrage. Ord. Cmcifem. The Itowera 
hare been considered osefhl aa antlapaamodica, 
in the dose of ^ to ^ij. They ar* probably 

CAHDAlIOffE, Amomnm oardamomom — s. 

paradiei — c Minus, Amomnm cardamomnm — 
c. Piperatum, Amomnm graoa paiadiai— c WQd, 
Fagoraatrum Capenae- 

CABSAMON, Cardamine pratenaia. 

CABDAMUM MAJUS, Tropwolnm m^oa. 

CAHD&RE, Dipaaosa aylTeatrii— g. fhftnA 
Dip' Bcua foUonnm. 

CABDIA, tmfiia, 'lb* ll«Brt.' SMtfaA^ 




OH/U^'imm wimit^trmm sea Iitgr%tfmu mipt^rior 
vcainVii/k The superior or cesophageftl orifloe 
of the •(o]iiftoh,-~Or(/£e"ttiOT vtntrie'iUi nnW- 
tn$m. Also, the Heart. 

CAR'DIAG, Cardi'€tcua, from gapiw, Hhe 
hsut;' or the upper orifice of the siomAoh. (F.) 
Cardiaque, BeUUnK to the heart or to the upper 
•rifioe of the stomach. A cordial. 

Cardiac Ar'tsribs, Cor'onaty arteriet, (F.) 
Artiret eardiaquet on eoronaires, are two in 
Bomher. They arise from the aorta, a little aboTe 
the free edge of the sigmoid yalves, and are dis- 
tributed on both snrfiM^ of the heart. 

Car'diac Gah'olioh, Oan'glion eardi'aeumf 
■tnated beneath the arch of the aorta to the 
right side of the ligament of the ductus arteriosus. 
Itrseeives the superior oardiao nerves of opposite 
sides of the neck, and a branch from the pneu- 
■ogastricy and gives off numerous branches to 
the cardiac plexuses. 

GAXS>iAcT^mKrm^{¥.)Nerf9eard\aq%e$, These 
are commonly three on each side; a tuptrior, 
mddU and inferior, which are furnished by cor- 
responding cervical ganglia. Commonly, there 
are but two on the left side ; the upper and mid- 
dle^ which draw their origin from the last two 
cervical ganglia. Scarpa calls the •uperior — 
Cardi'acu0 tuperfieia'li»; the middi&-^'- 
dm* sen C. imagnu* ; uid the inferior'--C, parvtu 
seu Miaor. There are, besides. Cardiac JU'amenff 
{¥.) Fileta eardiaquet, furnished by the par va- 
gum or pneumo-gastric nerve, which become 
confounded with the above. 

Cardiac Plkxus, Plexu* eardi'aeut. There 
are three ^su'diac plexuses. 1. The great eardiae 
pUzm is situated upon the bifurcation of the tra- 
ehea. It is formed by the convergence of the middle 
and inferior cardiac nerves; and by branches 
from the pneumogastric, descendens noni, and 
first thoracic ganglion. 2. The anteri<»r eardiae 
pUxut is situated in front of the ascending aorta 
near its origin. It is formed by filaments from 
the superior cardiac nerves; from the cardiac 
cannon; and fit>m the great cardiac plexus. 
yHu&enta from this plexus accompany Uie left 
coronary artery, and form the anterior coronary 
pUxue. S. The poeterior cardiac plexue is seated 
upon the posterior part of the ascending aorta 
near its origin. It is formed by numerous branches 
from the great cardiac plexus. It divides into 
two sets of branches, which togethw constitute 
the poeterior eoronarg plexue. 

Cardiac Vsurs, Coronary vein*, (F.) Veinee 
Oardiaquee, are commonly four in number ; two 
anterior and two posterior. They open into the 
right auricle by one orifice, which is famished 
wUh a valve, aad is called, by Portal, Sinn* eoro- 
noire du Cceur, 

CA&DIACA CRISPA, Leonums oardiaca— 
fr Passio, Cardialgia — o. Trilobata, Leonums 
•ardiaca — o. VulgMis, Leonurui cardiaca. 

CARDIACUS, Cordial, StomaohaL 

CARDIAOMUS, Cardialgia. 

CARDI'AGRA, AffeeOo artkrit'iea eordie; 
from enpita, 'the heart,' and aypo, 'seisure.' 
Qoot of the heart* 

CARDIAG'RAPHT, Cardiagra'pkia, from 
mtfUm, 'the hearty' and ypafn, 'a description.' 
Aa anatomical description of the heart. 

CARDIAVOIA, Cardi'aca Pauio, CoViea 
Ventrie'nli, Spaemne VetUrie'uli, Perodyn'ia, 
Oordo'linm, CardHa'a, Dyepepeodyn'ia^ Vytpep- 
9iodwn*ia, Dyepeptodyn'ia, Ptratodyn'ia, Car^ 
diocrynij &aHral'aia, Oaeteral*gia, Oaetroeol'ia, 
Goetrod^yni, Parno Cardi'aca, Stomaehal'gia, 
Aomaeatgia, Oaetrodyn'ia, Cardi'aeue Morbue, 
Cardiog'mme, Cardialgy ; from KapStm, 'the car- 
diac orifice of the stomach/ and aXy^St 'pain.' 

Pain o/ lAe stomocA, (F.) J)ouienr de PHetomae, 
D. nSvralgiqne de VEetomae, Also, Hcaribwmf 
(F.) Cardialgie, Ardeur d^JSetoma^ A. du Coeur, 
Impaired appetite, with gnawing or burning pain 
in the stomach or epigastrium, — Mortue vel artUtr 
ventrie^uli, Moraua etom'aehi, Soda, Limo'eie ear^ 
di<U'gia mordene, Roeio Stom'aehi seu Ventrief' 
nli: — a symptom of dyspepsia. 

CaRDIAI«OIA iMrLAMMATORIA, Gastritifl-^0. 
Sputatoria, Pyrosis. 

CARDIALOa^IA, from itapiia, 'the heart,' 
and Xeyof, ' a discourse.' A treatise on the heart. 

CARDIANASTROPHE, Ectopia cordis. 

CARDIABCTIE, Heart, concentric hypertro* 
phy of the. 

CARDIA'RIUS; same etymology. A name 
given to a worm, said to have been found in the 
heart or pericardium. 

GARDIATOM'IA, from ffcf^io, 'the hearty' 
and Ttfomv, ' to cut' Dissection of the heart. 

CARDIATROPHIA, Heart, atrophy of the. 

CARDIAUXE, Heart, hypertrophy of the. 

CARDIECTASIS, see Aneurism of the heart 
— c Partialis, Aneurism of the heart. 

CARDIELCOSIS ; from no6ia, 'the hearty' 
and 'sAcof, 'an ulcer.' Ulceration of the heart. 

CARDIETHMOLIPOSIS, Steatosis cordis. 

CARDIEURYSMA, Aneurism of the heart 

CARDIL^A, Cardialgia. 

CARDIM'ELECH, from nflia, 'the hearty' 

and "I7D, JfeUk, (Hebr.,) 'a governor.' A sup- 
positious active principle seated in the heart, and 
governing the vital functionB. — Dolnus. 

CARDINAL FLOWER, Lobelia cardinalis^ 
a Blue, Lobelia syphilitica. 

CARDINAL PLANT, Lobelia cardinalis. 

CARDINAMENTUM, Ginglymus, Gomphosisu 

CARDIOBOTANUM, Centaurea benedicta. 

CARDIOGE'LE, from Kapita, 'the heart,' and 
C17X17, 'rupture.' Hernia of the heart, especially 
into the abdominal cavity. 

CARDTOCLASIE, Car^orrhexis. 

CARDIOD'TNE, Oardiodyn'ia ; from gapStm, 
'the heart, the stomach/ and oivni, 'pain.' Pain 
in the heart. Also, Cardialgia. 

Cardiodtvb Bpasvodica InTBRxnTXHS, An- 
gina pectoris. 

CARDIOG'MUS. Hippocrates employed this 
word synonymously with cardialgia. In the time 
of Galen it was used, by some writers, for certain 
pulsations of the heui;, analogous to palpitations. 
Sauvages understood by Cardiogmua an aneurism 
of the heart or great vessels, when still obscure. 
Also, Angina pectoris. 

Cardioomus Cordis Sinibtri, Angina peotoria* 

CARDIOMALA'CIA, Malaco'eie seu Ifala'eia 
BenMalax'ie seu MoUW'iee Cordi; (F.) Ramol- 
lieaement du Cctur, from KapSia, 'the heart,' and 
uaXaKittf ' softness.' Softening of the heart, caused 
by inflammation of the organ, or a consequenoo 
of some lesion of the fVinction of nutrition. 

CARDIOMTOLIPOSIS, Steatosis cordis. 

CARDIONCHI, see Aneurism. 

CARDIONEURALGIA, Angina pectoris. 

CARDIOPALMUS, Cardiotromus. 

CARDIOPERICARDITIS, see Pericarditis. 

CARDIORRHEU'MA, Bheumatie'mue eordief 
from KopSta, 'the heart,' and eevpa, 'defluxiony 
rheumatism.' Rheumatism of the heart 

CARDIORRHEX'IS, Cardioelaeie, (Piony,) 
Ruptu'ra eordit, (F.) Rupture du ditur, from 
Kop^ia, 'the heart,' and pn^ttj 'laceration.' Laoo- 
ration of the heart 

CARDIOSCL£rOSIE, (Piorry) fi^m KapUa, 
'the heart,' and anXfipot, 'hard.' (F.) Endureieee- 
ment du Cctur, Induration of the heart 

CARDIOSTENO'SIS, i^leaoear'c^to, from 




Sia, ' the hearty' and orcvwecf, ' eontnotion.' Con- 
traction of the openingv of Uie heart. 

CARDIOTRAU'MA, from xapiia, 'the heart,' 
and Toavfiaf * a wound.' A wound of the heart. 

CARDIOT'ROMUS, Palpitaftio Oordu trep'- 
idaru, CardiopaVmut, Trepida'tio Oorditf from 
KofSia, 'the heart*' and rpo/tof, 'tremor.' Rapid 
an4 feeble palpitation, or fluttering of the heart. 

CARDIOT'ROTUS, from Kopiia, 'the heart,' 
and riTpo9K»f 'I wound.' One affected with a 
wound of the heart — Galen. 


CARDITE, Carditii. 

CARDI'TIS, from jcap^ia, 'the heart, and the 
termination Hit, Inflammation of the fleshy 
substance of the heart. Empret'ma Cardi'tit, 
Infiamma'tio Cordi$f Inflamma'tio Cardi'ti; Oau- 
ma Cardi'tit, Myocardi'ti^, CardVtit Muacula'rit, 
(F.) Inflammation du Cceur, Cardite. The symp- 
toms of this affection are by no means clear. 
They are often confounded with those of pericar- 
ditis, or inflammation of the membrane investing 
tiie heart. Carditis, indeed, with many, includes 
both the inflammation of the investing membrane 
and that of the heart itself. See Pericarditis, and 

Carditis Externa, Pericarditis — c Interna, 
Endocarditis — o. Musoularis, Carditis — c. Mem- 
branosa. Pericarditis — c. Polyposa, Polypi of the 
heart— c Serosa, Pericarditis. 

CARDO, Ginglymus. 

CARDOPATIUM, Carlina acauUs. 

CARDUUS ALTILIS, Cynara scolymus — o. 
Benedictus, Centaurea benedicta— c. Brasilianus, 
Bromelia ananas — c. Domesticus capite m^jori, 
Cynara scolymus — o. Hemorrhoidalis, Cirsium 

Car'duus MABLA'mjs, Car'dutu Ma'ria, SU'y- 
hunif S. Maria'num seu macula'tumf Carthamua 
macula'tutf Cir'tiwn macula'tumj Car'duttt Itie'- 
Uu»j Spina alba, (hmmon Ifilk ThiatUf or Ladiet* 
Thistle, (F.) Chardon-Marie, The herb is a bitter 
tonic. The seeds are oleaginous. It is not used. 

Carduus Pineus, Atractylis gummifera — c. 
Sativus, Carthamus tinctorius — c. Sativus non- 
spinosus, Cynara scolymus — c Solstitialis, Cen- 
taurea calcitrapa — c. Stcllatus, Centaurea calci- 
trapa — c. Tomcntosus, Onopordium acanthium — 
0. Veneris, Dipsacus fullonum. 

CAREBARESIS, Carcbaria. 

witf from icapi?, 'the head,' and ^a^if 'weight.' 
Scordine'ma^ Certha'ria, Scordinit'mutf Cardine'- 
ma. Heaviness of the head. — Hippocrates, Galen. 

CARE'NA, Knre'na. The twenty-fourth part 
of a drop. — Ruland and Johnson. 

CAREUM, Carum. 

CAREX ARENARIA, SarsaparillaGermanica. 

CARIACOU. A beverage, used in Cayenne, 
and formed of a mixture of cassava, potato, and 
sugar fermented. 

CARICA, Ficus carica. 

Car'ica Papa'ya, Papaw tree, (F.) Papayer, 
Ord, Artocarpess. A native of America, India, 
and Africa. The fruit has somewliat of the fla- 
vour of the pumpkin, and is eaten like it The 
milky juice of the plant and the seed and root 
have been regarded as anthelmintic. 

CAR'ICUM. Said to have been named after 
its inventor Caricus. Gar'ycnm, A detergent 
application to ulcers ; composed of black helle- 
bore, sandarach, copper, lead, sulphur, orpimenty 
oantharides, and oil of cedar. — Hippocrates. 

CAR IK Caries — e. det Denf, Dental gangrene. 

OAR IE, Carious. 

CA'RIES, Nigrit"i€M Ostium. An ulceration 
of bone, — Necro9i» being death of a bone. It 
fMembles the gangrene S[ soft parts. Henoe it 

has been termed Oartet pamgr^no^Mi, ihmgrm^nm 
Ca'rie; 0. Of'tium, Ter/do, Artr/mo, Bmro^, (P.) 
Carte. It is recognised by the sweUing of th« 
bone which precedes and accompanies it; byth* 
abscesses it occasions; the fistulsB which formi 
the sanious character, peculiar odour and qvaa- 
tity of the suppuration, and by the eviiMnM 
afforded by probing. The most common «■§ < ■ 
of caries are blows; — the action of ■ome yintM, 
and morbid diathesis. When dependent on any 
virus in the system, tkU must be oombated by 
appropriate remedies. When entirely local, tt 
must bo converted, where practicable, into a itata 
of necrosis or death of the affected part For 
this end stimulants, the actoal eantery, ite^ art 

Caries, DENrruv, Dental nngrene— e. Pndea- 
dorum, see Chancre — c. of me Vertebrse, Verte- 
bral disease — o. Vertebramm, Vertebral diweasa. 

CARIEUX, Carious. 

CARIM CURINI, Justitia ecbolinm. 

CARI'NA, 'a ship's keel.' The vertebral eo- 
lumn, especially of the fcetns. Also, the breast- 
bone bent inwards. Hence, Pectua carina' iwmt 
— the chest affected with such deformity. 

CA'RIOUS, Cario'9nt, Euro'dea, (F.) Oarii, 
Oarienx, Affected with caries. 


C A RIVE, Myrtns pimenta. 

CARIVILLANDI, Smilax sarsaparilhL 

CARLINA, 'Carline Thistie.' 

Carli'na Acaul'ib, C, ekanuB'leonf Okammf* 
leon album, Cardopa'tium, (F.) Carlini aana tigo, 
which grows in the Pyrenees, and on the moun- 
tains of Switzerland, Italy, Ac, has been recom- 
mended as a tonic, emmenagogue, and sndorifle. 

Carlina CHAXiKLEON, C. acaulis. 

CARLINE SANS TIOE, Carlina acaulis. 

Root': found in Mechoachan, in America. The 
bark is aromatic, bitter and acrid. It is consl- 
dored to be sudorific, and to strengthen the gnmi 
and stomach. 

Carlsbad is a town in Bohemia, 24 miles from 
Egra, celebrated for its hot baths. The water 
contains about 47 parts in the 100 of purging 
salts. It is a thermal saline ; temperature 121* 
to 167® Fahrenheit The constituents are— -car- 
bonic acid, sulphate of soda, carbonate of aoda^ 
and chloride of sodium. 

CARMANTINE, Justitia pectoralia—c Peeis- 
rale, Justitia pectoralis. 

CARMEN, 'averse.' An amulet A charms 
which, of old, often consisted of a verse. B9$ 

CARMINANTIA, Carminatives. 

CARMINATIVA. Carminatives. 

CARMIN'ATrV'ES, Carminan'Ha sen CarmS^ 
nati'va, from carmen, 'a verse,' or 'charm,' An* 
tiphys'ica, Physago'ga, Xan'tica, (F.) OarminO' 
ti/9. Remedies which allay pain, ' like a charm,' T?) 
by causing the expulsion of flatus from the ali- 
mentary canal. They are generally of the elan 
of aromatics. 

The FoDR Greater CARMnrATrvB Hot Sbedb, 
Quafuor tem'ina cal'ida majo'ra earminati^viMp 
were, of old. anise, carui, cummin, and fenneL 

The Four Lesser Carminatite Hot Seed!, 
Quat'uor tem'ina cal'ida mint^ra, were bishop'f 
weed, stone parsley, smallage, and wild carrot 

CARMOT. A name given, by the alehymisti^ 
to the matter which they believed to oonstitnte 
the Philosopher's stone. 

CARNABADIA, Carum, (seed.) 

CARNABADIUM, Cuminum oymlnun. 

CARNATIO. Syssaroosis. 

CARNATION, Dianthns caiyophylhu. 




GABKBLIAK, Coradian. 

CARNEOLUS, Cornelian. 

CAR'NEOUS, Car'neoua, Oamo'tut, Sarco'det, 
heama'tu§, from earo, 'flesh.' (F.) Chamtu 
Coofuting of flesh, or reeembling flesh. 

CARiTBOUS COL0MXS, FUihy Columju, Oolum'- 
MS Oamemt of the heart, (F.) Golonnet cAamtfet, 
are rausealar projections, situate in the cavities 
of the hearts Thej are called, also, Mtu'euli Pa- 

Caiutbous Fxbbb8» Flethy FibreMf Mutfcvlar 
Fibr—, (F.) Fihrf ekamuet on miMCtt/atres, are 
flhr^ belonging to a muscle. 

CARNSUM MARSUPIUM, Ischlo-troohan- 

CARXIC'ULA. BiminatiTe of caro, 'flesh.' 
The gum. — Ging^ya. — Fallopius. 

CARNIFICA'XIO, Carnification ~ c. Pulmo- 
Bam, Hepatisation of the lungs. 

CARNIFICA'TION, Oamijica'tio^ from earo, 
'flesh/ and ^n, 'to become.' TraM/ormation 
«Uo ^tsh, A morbid state of certain organs, in 
whidi the tissue acquires a consistence like that 
of fleshj or muscular parts. It is sometimes ob- 
serred in hard parts, the texture becoming sof- 
tened, as in Otteo-*arcomcu When it occurs in 
the lungs, thej present a texture like that of 
UTer. Such is the condition of the foetal lung. 

vhich ordinarily occurs in the neighbourhood of 
the articnl«tions, and whose orifice is hard, the 
sides thick and odious. — M. A. Sererinns. 

CARNIVOROUS, Camiv'onu, Sareoph'a- 
J—f Crtatopk'agiu, Oreopk'agtUf (F.) Carnivore^ 
from coro, ' flesh,' and voro, * I eat.' That which 
eats flesh. Any substance which destroys excres> 
eenees in wounds, ulcers, &o. 

CARXOSA CUTIS, Panniculus camosus. 

CARNOS'ITAS, (F.) CarnMiU, from earo, 
'flesh.' A fleshy excrescence. 

«N«2« «'» the Ure'thra, (F.) Camo9iU» ou Oaron- 
euU* <U VurHre. Small fleshy excrescences or 
fiuigous growths, which were, at one time, pre* 
famed to exist in the male urethra, wheneyer re- 
tention of urine followed gonorrhoea. 

M. Cnll^rier uses the term Camonti vinSrienne 
for a cutaneous, cellular, and membranous tu- 
mour, dependent upon the syphilitic virus. See, 
also, PolyiMurcia. 

CARN08US, Canieomi. 

CARD, Flesh — e. Accessoria, see Flexor longns 
^gitoram pedis profundus perforans, (accesso- 
rios) — o. Exerescens, Excrescence — o. Fungosa, 
Faagoeity — c. Olandulosa, Epiglottic gland — c. 
LuxuriaoBy Fungosity— c. Orbicularis, Placenta — 
e. Fsrenehymatica, Parenchyma — c. Quadrata, 
Pafanaris brevis — o. Quadratus Sylvii, see Flexor 
loogus dij^toram pedis profundus perforans, (ac- 
eessorius) — c. Viscerum, Parenchyma. 

CAROB TREE, Ceratonia siUqua. 

CAROBA ALNABATI, Ceratonium siliqna. 

CARODBS, Carotie. 

CAROLI, aee Chancre. 

OF. In the counties of Warren, Montgomery, 
Rockingham, Lincoln, Bnneomb, and Rowan, 
there are mineral springs. They belong gene- 
fally to the salphnreous or acidulous saline. 

OF. They are numerous. Pacolet Springs, on 
the weel bank of Paoolet River, contain sulphur 
tad iron. Many, with similar properties, but not 
held In estimation, are scattered about the State. 

CAHONCULE, Camnelfr--«. LaekrymaU, Ca. 


cnlsB myriiformes — e. de VUritre, Oarnoiitiea of 
the urethra. 

CAROPI, Amomnm cardamomum. 

CAROSIS, Somnolency. 

CAROTA, see Daucus carota. 

CAROT'IC, Carol' ieu$, Caroi'id, Carofidu$, 
Caro*de9f Com'atow, from xcfMt, 'stupor.' (F.) 
Oarotique, Relating to stupor or eariu — aa a 
earotic slate,— or to the carotids. 

Carotio Artbribs, Carotids — o. Ganglion, 
see Carotid Nerve — c. Nerve, Carotid nerve — e. 
Plexus, see Carotid Nerve. 

CAROTICA, NarcoUcs. 

CAROTICUS, Carotie. 

CAROTID, Carotie. 

CAROT'IDS, Carot'ides, Caroi'tca, CarotidetB, 
Capita'leBy Juffula'retf Sopora'leSf Sopora'ri<B, So- 
pori/'era, Somnif'era, ApopUc'tica, Lethar'aicm 
(ArteVttf), the Carotid Ar'teHet, CtphaVxc Arte- 
rie», (F.) Artirea Carotidet; from Kapos, 'stupor.' 
The great arteries of the neck, which carry blood 
to the head. They are divided into, 1. Primitive 
or common; the left of which arises from the 
aorta, and the right from a trunk, common to it 
and Uie subclavian. 2. External or pericephaVic, 
branch of the primitive, which extends from the 
last to the neck of the condyle of the lower jaw; 
and, 3. Internal, Arte'ria eerebra'lit vel enee- 
phaVioa, another branch of the primitive, which, 
arising at the same place as the external, enteiB 
the cranium, and terminates on a level with l^e 
fissure of Sylvius, dividing into several branchea. 

CARonn or Carotic Cakal, CanaHie Carot*ieue, 
Oanal injlexe de Pot temporal^Ch.), Oanal caro- 
todien, is a canal in the temporal bone, through 
which the carotid artery and aeveral nervous 
filaments pass. 

Carotid or Carotic Foramina, Foram'ina Ca^ 
rot'ioa, (F.) Troua earotidiene, are distinguished 
into interna/ and extemaL They are the foram- 
ina at each extremity of the Canalie Carotieut. 

Carotid Ganoliob, see Carotid nerve. 

Carotid Nervb, Carotie nerve, JVerrus cafx>^* 
tctts. A branch from the superior cervical gan- 
glion of the great sympathetic, which ascends by 
the side of the intern^ carotid. It divides into 
two portions, which enter the carotid canal, and^ 
by their communication with each other and the 
petrosal branch of the vidian, form the carotid 
pUxue. They also frequently form a small gan* 
gliform swelling on the under part of the artery 
— the carotie or carotid or eaeemoiM ganglump 
ganglion of Laumonier, 

Carotid Plexus, see Carotid nerve. 

CAROTTE, Daucus carota. 

CAROUA, Carum, (seed.) 

CAROUBIEM, Ceratonium sUiqna. 

CAROUOE, see Ceratonium siliqua. 

CARPASA, Carbasa. 

CARPA'SIUM, Car^piuum, and Carpe^tium. 
Dioscorides, Pliny, Qalen, Ac, have given these 
names, and that of Carpasoe, to a plant, which 
cannot now be determined, and whose Juice, called 
Opocar^paeon, ftvocapiras-ov, passed for a violent^ 
narcotic poison, and was confounded with myrrh. 

CARPATHICUM, see Pinus cembra. 

CARPE, Carpus. 

CARPENTARIA, Achillea mlUefolinm. 

CARPBSIUM, Carpasinm. 

CARPHO'DES, Carpholde; from Kap^oi, 'Hoe- 
euiiu,' and uiof, 'resemblance.' Flocculent, 
stiingj ; — as mucus earphodee, flocculent or 
string mueus. 

CARPHOLOGK'IA, Tilmue, Carpolog'Ha, Oro^ 
eidie'mue, Oroegdit^mme, Fheeo'mm vena'tio, Floe- 
dWgiwm, Trieholog"%a, Croetdixfie, Floecila'Hcnf 
Floeeita^tion, from c«p^, 'fio^eulue,* and XivMy 
'I coUeot,' or 'plnok.' <F.) CarphUogi^ Aetton 


of gathering floconli. A delirious picking of the CARRiSy lee Flexor longni dlgttomm peAf 

bed-clothesy as if to seek some snhstaooe, or to profundus perforans, (aooeflflorini.) 

pull the fiocouli from them. It denotes great CARRELET, (F.) Aetu triamgidm'rig, A 

cerebral irritability and debility, and is an on- straight needle, two or three inches long^ iStm 

fibToorable sign in fevers, Ac point of which is triangnlar ; and whiofa tiM 

OARPHOS, Trigonella foennm. ancients used in dilTerent operatioiM. AIm^ ft 

OARPIA, Linteam. wooden, triangular frame for fixing « eiotfl 

OARPLfiUS, Palmaris brevis. through which different phannaoeutieal 

OAR'PIAL, Car'pian, Carpic^nva, Cwrpia'lit, tions are passed. 

(F.) Oarpien, Belonging to the Oarpns. CARROT, CANDY, Athamanta 

CAR'piiLL Lio'AMENTO, (F.) Lxgament9 Carpient, Deadly. Thapsiar— c Plant, Daneua oarota. 

are, 1. The fibrous fascia, which unite the bones . CARTHAMUS MAOULATUS, Cardmia ■»- 

of the carpus ; and, 2. The annular ligaments, nanus. 

anterior and posterior. Car'thamub Tdioto'rivs, Amfyrom, Omiem, 

Q/iRPlA'S Carpial. Grocut Oerman'icua, Oroetu Sanzeen'temt, OtBH^ 

CARPTEN, Carpial. tkatnum offieina'rum, Cktr'duua BoHfmu, Sofrwfm 

CARPISMUS, Carpus. «"*»» Saffron-Jlovfer, Safflower, Batard Safrm, 

CARPOBALSAMUM, see Amyris opobal- ^y^*^' ^^J^'J^^i ^'■<*«»«» Sa/ranh^iard, 

mmn% nn\ Lurthame aei Jetnturterw, jMcmitfjf, Uynaroee- 

fi ^^^riT""^ Carphologh^ Spasmodic., ^ The tif^;::.'i3?.ti2S^ 

®"^."iol^?^^?^; «T>^Trn wTXTTwr Txr^r '«*i« J !«* ^ the parroquot they are an artlde of 

CARPO-MBTACARPEUS MINIMI DIGI- food; hence their ni^e, Orainm d» PamqmeL 

TI, Adductor metacarpi minimi digiti—c. Jf^fo- The flowers, Car^tkamui, (Ph. U. 8.) are employed 

earpien du petit doigt, Opponens mmimi digiti— „ a cosmetic, and are a reputed diaphoretic [?] 

c Mitacarpien du pouce, Opponens pollicis — c CARTHEGON, see Buxus. 

Phalangeus minimi digiti. Abductor minimi digiti CAR'TILAGB, CJumdrot, Car'tilago, (F.) Oww 

—c. Pkalangien du petit doigt. Abductor minimi <,-%e. A solid part of the animal body, of a 

digiti— c. Pkalangien du pettt doigt, Flexor par- medium consistence between bone and ligament 

▼us mmimi ^^ti—e. Pkalangien du pouce, Flexor ^hjch in the foetus is a substitute for bone, bat 

brevis pollicis manus—c.^yMJ-pAoion^ieHrfttiKHice, Jq the adult exists only in the jointa, at th« 

Abductor polUcis brevis. extremities of the ribs, Ac Cartilages are of a 

CARPO-PEDAL, from earpiM, 'the wrist,' and whitish colour, flexible, compressible, and Tsry 

petf pedif, 'the foot' Relating to the wrist and elastic, and some of them apparently inorgaaieu 

foot. They are composed, according to J. Davy, of .M 

CARPO-PBDALSPABir, Cef'ehral ap€umod'ie albumen. .55 water, and .01 phosphate of lime 

eroup. A spasmodic affection of the chest and CARTILAGE ANONYMS, Cricoid, (eartl- 

larynx in young children, accompanied by gene- lage)— ^. Epiglottic, Epiglottis— -e. Mueromi, Xi- 

ral or purtial convulsions. The disease commonly phoid Cartilage— c. Supra-arytenoid, Comictilaa 

occurs between the third and ninth month, and laryngis — c Tarsal, see Tarsus, 

is characterised by excessive dyspnoea, accompa- Cartilages, Articular, Obdu'eent Car'tilaget, 

nied by a loud croupy noise on inspiration ; the invest bony surfaces, which are in contact ; henot 

thumbs being locked, and the hands and feet they iu*e called inveMting or incruating eartiiagm, 

rigidly bent for a longer or shorter period. The (F.) Cartilaget de revitement ou ^encro^tememU 

■eat of the disease is evidently in the cerebro- Cartilages, Intbrarticvlas, are such as ara 

spinal axis, primarily or se'condarily : generally, situate within the joints, as in the knee jolnL 

perhaps, it is owing to erethism seated elsewhere, Cartilages of Ossifica'tion are sueh as, ia 

but communicated to the cerebro-spinal centre, the progress of ossification, have to form an in- 

and reflected to the respiratory and other muscles tegrant part of bones ,* as those of the long b<m6f 

concerned. It seems to be connected with dental in the new-bom infant. They are tmned fMi- 

irritation, and consequentiy, in the treatment, porary; the others being permaneni. All tiia 

where such is the case, the gums should be freely cartilages, with the exception of the artienlar, 

divided ; after which, cathartics and revulsives, are surrounded by a membrane analogous to the 

with the use of narcotics and appropriate diet, periosteum, called Perichon'drium, 

will generally remove the affection ; for although Cartilages of the Ribs are, in some respoet^ 

extremely alarming, it is often not attended with only prolongations of the ribs. Those of the noMV 

great danger. See Asthma thymicum. of the meatus auditorius, and Eustachian tube^ 

CARPOS, Fruit present a similar arrangement Other cartiteg«l 

CARPOT'ICA, fromw/jwj, 'fVuit' Diseases waemblo a union of fibrous and cartilaginoua t«s- 

affecting impregnation. Irregularity, difficulty ^^^^'' *»ence their name Fibro-caHila^. 

or danger produced by parturition :—tiie 3d or- „. ^-^'*7?''i«^»; Semildkar, see Bemdnnar— «. 

der, class Oenetiea, of Good. ®*?I^ «iTTT^^?x™''*'?i^m;T« . ^ «« . 

CARPUS, Car^Vmue, Brachia'U, RoMce'ta, CARTILAGINES GUTTURALB8, Aiyto- 

J?a.fe'e«, RoMcK^Raee'ta, Ra»et'ta tiie v>f^t, f ^''^ cartil^es-^ Semilunares, SemUnnar oarti. 

rows.) In the superior row there are, from with- "^^^A^TO^rTTTra^^rvnTTc n .^i ' i n -^-i 

out to within -the Scapholdee or natncula'ri, •^^^^^}t l^?^hP'''Th^''^i,9^ 

Luna'ri or •emt7una'r«, Suneifor'mk, and Or6tc«! ?*«? ••^' Chondro'de», Chondr6i'd», i^')Carti. 

la'ri or pi.i/or'mi. In tiie lower row-Trape'. ^«^»«««-- Belonging to, or resembling cartilage. 

— •«-. 7»J:«-.«i^— i/^^...«. -«j 77'«..-*A.-/-.a Cartilaginous, Tissue, see Tissue. 

Tll^ra^^'^nll^. '^ CARTILAGO, Cartilagi-c aypealis. Thy- 

CARRAGEEN MOSS, Fucus cnspus. ^j^ cartilage — c. Ensiformis, Xiphoid cartilage 

CARRE DE LA CUISSE, Quadratns femoris —c. Guttalis, Arytenoid cartilage — c InnmS- 

— e. de9 Lombet, Quadratus lumbomm — c du nata, Cricoid— c. Mucronata, Xiphoid cartilage— 

Menton, Depressor lubii inferioris — c du Pied, c. Peltalis, Thvroid cartilage. Xiphoid eartilaga 

Xxtensor brevis digitomm pedis. __c. Scutiformis, Thyroid cartilage --c Uviftr, 

CAERE AU, Tabes mesenterioa. Urola— c Xiphoides, Xiphoid eartUage. 




CABUMf from Cari% • proyince of Aaia. 
A'fimm tarvif Bmfmimm earvt, Ligu^ticum earvtf 
Bu^M earvi sea eamm, Sium earvtf Ou'renm, 
fliii ■■ ear'vi, Ourvif Cfuvti^numpraten'tif Carutf 
Cbr'iiQ% the Car' away, (F.) Carvt, Cumin dt» 
orCt. Pamibff Umbellifene. Sex, Sutt. Pentan- 
dria DigyniA. The seeds, Camaba*aiaf Car^oua, 
V ewminBtiTe. Dose, gr. x to 3\), swallowed 
whole or braised. The oil, OUwm Car'uif (F.) 
BmU de earvi, has the properties of the seeds. 
Dose, gtt^ y to Tj* 

Camvm BvLMOCAnAxmtf Banimn bnlbocast*- 

GAR'UNCLE, Carun^eula, diminntiTe of earo, 
'tesh.' A small portion of flesh, Sar'eium, Sar- 
ei^iMM. A fleshj exerescenoe, — Eepky'ma ear- 
m*cmlay (F.) OaroneuU. 

Carcncub, Camositas. 

Carunclbs or the Urxthra, Camosities. 

Garuh'cula Lachbtica'lis, (F.) CaroneuU 
tmtrymaU^ A small, reddish, follicular body, 
■tnata at the inner angle of the eye. It secretes 
a gummy rabstanoe. 


CARDRCCLiB Mamilla'rrs. The extremities 
of the lactiferoQS tabes in the nipples. The 
oUketory netres hare been so called by some. 

Carurouub MrRTiFOR'ifis, O. Vagina'Utt 
Olam'dmlm wtjfrti/ar'inea, (F.) CaronetUet myrft- 
farmea. Small, reddish tabereles, more or less 
inn, of Twriable form, and anoertain number, 
atoate near the orifice of the vagina, and formed 
by the muooiis membrane. They are regarded 
as the remains of the hymen. 

CARiniciTLiB PapiuiARBB, PapillsB of the kid- 

CARUN'OULOUS, Oanm*euiar. Relating to 
eantnelee or camosities. 

CARUON, Caram. 

CARUS, ffofOf, Sopor earo'lten*, Profound deep. 
The last degree of coma, with complete insensi- 
bility, whioh no stimulus can remove, eren for a 
few iastants. Sopor, ComOf LetKargiaf and Ca- 
mt, are four degrees of the same condition. 

Carvs Apoplrxia, Apoplexy — c. Asphyxia, 
AsphyxiA^^e. Gatalepsia, Catalepsy — o. Ecstasis, 
Hydrocephalus, Hydrocephalus in- 
ab Disolatione, Coup de •oUil—'e, Le- 
thargos, Lethargy — e. Lethargus cataphora, Som- 
nolency — o. Ijethargus yigu, Coma vigil — o. 
Paralyms, Paralysis — c Paralysis pan^legi% 
Paraplegia— e. Veternus, Lethargy. 

CARVI, Carom. 

CAHYA, Jnglans regia — e. Basilica, Joglaai 

CARTBDON CATAOMA, see Fracture. 

CARTOCOSFIKUS, Caryoeoetinum, An elee- 
toasy prepared of the eostns and other aromatic 
sahstaDceSy Ac It was cathartic See Confectio 

CARYON PONTICON, Corylus avellana 

CARTOPHTLLA, Oeum urbanum. 

vale— «. Katans, Geum rivale — o. Urbana, Qeum 
Rrhannwi c Vnlgaris, Oeum urbanum. 


tos pimenta^-c Aromaticus, Eugenia caryophyl- 
lata — c Hortensis, Dianthus caryophyllns — c 
Pimento, Hyrtoa Pimenta — c vulgaris, Geum 

CARYO'TL The best kind of datec— Galen. 
CAS RARSS (9.), Rare eaeee. This terra is 
by the Freadi, for pathological fiaets, which 
W7 from wha* fa BniaL Set a celebrated artiole 

under this head in the JHeHotuutSre de» Msoest 
MtdxeaUe, Vol. IV. 

CASAMTJM, Cyclamen. 

CASAMUNAR, Cassumuniar. 

CAS'CARA, CASCARIL'LA. Spanish worda, 
which signify bark and liuie hark, under which 
appellations the bark (Cinchona) is known in 
Peru. They are now applied to the bark of Cro- 
ton eaeearxUa, The bark-gatherers are called 

CASCARILLA, Croton oascarilla. 

CASCARILLEROSy see Casoara. 

CASCHEU, Catechu. 

CASE, CapM, Thtea, (F.) Caieee. This name 
is given to boxes for the preservation of instra- 
ments, or of medicines necessa^ in hospital or 
other service. We say, e. g. — A eaee of amp%* 
fating, or 0/ trepanning inetrumente. 

Case, Uaette, from eadere, eaeum, 'to &U.' 
The condition of a patient ; — as a eaee of fever, 
Ac. {¥.)Oh9ervatxon, Also, the history of a disease 

CA8EARIUS, Cheesy. 

CA'SEIN, Caeexne, Ca'eeum, Oala&HnM, Ca- 
9eoue matter; from eateue, 'cheese.' The only 
nitrogenized constituent of milk. It is identieid 
in composition with the chief constituents of 
blood, — fibrin and albumen, all being componndi 
of protein. A similar principle exists in the veg^ 
table, Vegetable Casein or Legn'min, Ve^*etahl% 
Gluten. It is chiefly found in leguminous seeda 
— ^peas, beans, lentils. Like vegetable albumen. 
Casein is soluble in water; and the solution to 
not coagulable by heat 

Casbih, Blood, Globulin. 

CASE08US, Cheesy. 


CASEUM, Casein. 

CASEUS, Cheese— c Equinus, Hippaee. 

CASEUX, Cheesy. 

CASHEW, Anaoardium occidentale. 

CASHOO. An aromatic drag of HindooatUt 
said to possess pectoral virtaes. 

CA8H0W, Catechu. 

CASIA, Lauras cassia. 

CASMINA, Cassumuniar. 

CASMONAR, Cassumuniar. 

CASSA, Thorax. 

CASSADA ROOT, Jatropha manihot 

CASSAVA ROOT, Jatropha manihot 

CAS8E AROMATIQUE, Lauras cassi^— eu 
en BAtone, Cassia fistuli^— e. en Bote, LauruB oaa- 
sia — e. dee BouHquee, Cassia fistula — e. ShtS, 
Cassia senna. 

CASSE-LUNETTES, Cyanui segetom, Bit- 
phrsaia oflBcinalis. 

CASSEENA, Hex romitoria. 

CASSENOLES, see Querous infectoria. 

CASSIA, Lauras cassia — c Absus, Absns^-o. 
Acutifolia, C. senna — 0. iBgyptian, C. senna— 
c Alexandrina, C. fistula — c Bonplandiana, 0. 

Cassia Chamjecris'ta, Prairie eenna. Par- 
tridge Pea, Wild Senna, An indigenous plants 
Fam. LeguminossD, which flowers in August It 
resembles Cassia Marilandica in propevties. 

Cassia Cinnaicoxba, Lauras cassia — c Ca- 
ryophyllaia, Mjrtus caryophyllata — 0. CaneUa^ 
Lauras cassia — c Egyptian, Cassia senna — c 
Excelsa, C. fistula. 

Cas'sia Fis'tula, Ccu'eia nigra, Caetia JUtu- 
la'rief C. Alexandri'na sen exeeVta seu Bonplan- 
dia'na, Canna, Canna eoluti'ta, Canna fletulOf 
Cathartoear'put, Bactyrilo'bium Ae*tula, Purging 
Gateia, (F.) Cbtte Canfjieier, ffa—e en Bdtone, 
Caeee dee Boutique*, The pulp of Caeeia Fi^- 
tula or Cnthartoear'pue Fietula ; Fam, Legnml- 
nossB; Sex. Sgtt, Decandria Monogyn{a,_Ptf/jMi 
Cae'eia, Caeeia A r am e u f tmm, Carnirn 




Pulpa, (Ph. V, 8,), which is obtained in long 
pods, is black, bright, and shining; sweet, slightly 
acid, and inodorous. It is laxative in the dose 
of Ziv to 5j. 

Cassia Lakceolata, G. senna — o. Lignea, 
Laonis cassia — c. Lignea Malabarica, Laums 

Cassia Marilan'oica, Senna America'naf 
American i^nniia, Wild Senna, Locutt plant, (F,) 
SfnS iVAmfrique, The leaves of this plant are 
similar, in virtue, to those of cassia senna. They 
are, however, much inferior in strength. 

Cassia Nigra, C. fistula — c Officinalis, C. 
seuna^-c. Oricntalis, C. sennar— c. Purging, Cas- 
sia fistula. 

Cashia Senna, C. lanceola'ta sen acuti/o'lia 
seu orienta'lia seu ojfficina'lis. The name of the 
plant which afibrds senna. It is yielded, how- 
ever, by several species of the genus cassia. The 
leaves of senna, Senn4B Folia, Senna Alcxandri'- 
fuiy Senna ItaViea, Sena, Senna or jEifyptian 
Cauia, (F.) S^nS, Ca9»e Sfnf, have a faint smell, 
and bitterish taste. The active part, by some 
called Cnthartin, is extracted by alcohol and 
water. Their activity is ii^ured by boiling water. 
They are a hydragogue cathartic, and apt to 
gripe. Dose of the powder, 9j to 3J* Infusion 
is the best form. 

The varieties of senna, in commerce, arc Tin- 
nivellif Senna, Bombay or (Jomm*>n India S^nna, 
Alexandrian Senna, Tripoli Senna, and Aleppo 

CASSTiB ARAMENTUM, see Cassia fistula^ 
0. Fistulao pulpa, see Cassia fistula — c. Flores, 
Bee LauruH cinnamomum. 

CASSIALA, llyssopus. 


CASS IDE liLEUE, Scutellaria galericulata. 

CASS IN A, Ilex vomitoria, 

CASSIN£ CAKOLINIANA, Hex paroguensis 
— c. Evergreen, Ilex vomitoria — c. Pcragua, Ilex 

CASSIS, Ribcs nigrum. 


C ASSUMU'NIAR, Oaeamu'nar, Catmonar, 
Zerumhet^ C<umina, Bi'nwjon, Ben'gale Indo'rum, 
Bengal Boot, (F.) Bacine de Benyale, A root, 
obtained from the East Indies, in irregular slices 
of various forms; some cut transversely, others 
longitudinally. It is an aromatic bitter, and is 
eonscquently tonic and stimulant. It was once 
considered a panacea, and has been referred to 
Zingiber CoMSumuniar, Z. Clifford' ia seu nurpu- 
reum, Amo'mum monta'nnm, and to Zingiber Ze- 
rumbet, Z. tpurium, Amo'mum Zerumbet seu sjfl- 


plant, Nnt, . Ord. Lauriueae, which is employed 
by tlie Cape colon is t« as a wash in scald head, 
and as an antiparasitic. 

CAST, Caste. 


CASTANEA, Fagus castanea, see also Fagus 
cafltanea pumila— c. Equina, iSsculus Hippocas- 
tanum — c. Pumila, Fagus castanea pumila. 

CASTE, Catt, from (P.) Caeta, 'race or lineage.' 
A name given, by the Portuguese in India, to 
dosses of society, divided according to occupa- 
tions, which have remained distinct from the 
earliest times. Hence a separate and fixed order 
or class. See Half- caste. 

OF. Castcllamare di Stabia is a town in Naples, 
in the Prinoipato Citra, 15 miles S. S. B. of Na- 

pies. There are two springs, tha oaa nilplii- 
reouR, the other chalybeate. 

These waters, situate near Acqui, in Italy, ut 

tera-Vivent is a small village in the departmenl 
of Gcrs, near which is a cold acidoloiu chaly- 
beate, and another which is sulphnreoiti aid 
thermal. Temp. 84° Fahrenheit. 

CASTIGANS, Corrigent 

A tree, which is cultivated in some parts of Peroy 
and grows wild in abundance. Its beantifnl fiid^ 
when roasted, has an agreeable flavour. Whes 
an incii<ion is made into the stem, a clear bright 
liquid flows out, which, after some time, becomes 
black and horny-like. It is a very powerfol 

CASTJOE, Catechu. 

rcous spring in Ross-shire, Scotland, celehcated 
for the cure of cutaneous and other diseases. 

CASTOR BAY, Magnolia glauca. 

Castor Fiber, Fiber, Canit Pon'ticut, tha 
Bearer. (F.) Caetor. It furnishes the Castor. 
Rondelet recommends slippers made of its skin 
in gout Its blood, urine, bile, and fiftt, were Ibr- 
merly used in medicine. 

Castor Oil Plant, Ricinus oommnnis. 

CASTO'REUM, Caato'rium, CoMtor, CVuforem 
B^'ticum et Canaden'H, from ffaerw^ * the hea- 
ver,' quasi yaan*^, from yavrnp, * the belly,' be- 
cause of the size of its belly. (?) A peculiar 
matter found in bags, near the rectom of the 
beaver, Caetor fiber. Its odour is strong, unplea- 
sant, and peculiar; taste bitter, subacrid; and 
colour orange brown. It is antispasmodic, and 
often employed. Dose, gr. x to Qj. 

CASTORINA, from Cattoreum, 'castor.' Me- 
dicines containing castor. 

CASTRAXGULA, Scrophularia aqnatica. 

CAST BAT, Castratus. 

CASTRA'TION, CoMtra'tio, Ec'tomi, Eciom'im, 
Evira'tio, Exca»tra'tio, Eteatieula'tio, Extirpa'tio 
testiculu'rum, JJctetta'tio, Exeec'tio riril'ium, Eu- 
uuchi»'mu8, Orchotom'ia, Orcheot'omy, Orehidaf- 
omy, (F.) Chdtrure. The operation of removing 
the testicles. Sometimes the term is employed 
for the operation when performed on one testicle; 
hence the division into complete and inccmpUu 
cajftrntion. Coj^tration renders the individou hi- 
capable of reproduction. 

CASTBATO, Cai<tratns. 

CASTRA'TUS, (I.) Cattra'to, Ectom'iut, 
Emnfculn'tus, Evira'tiu, Exttc'tne, Deeee^tue, £e- 
testicula'tM, Ex maribut, Intettab'ilie, Inteata'tm$, 
Spado, Apor'opuB, Bago'at, from cattrare, 'to 
castrate/ (F.) Caatrat, Chdtrf. One deprired 
of tcMticles. This privation has a great infln- 
cnce on the development of puberty. It il 
adopted to procure a clearer and sharper voice ; 
and in the East, the guardians of the Ilarem, fbr 
the sake of security, are converted into Cewtra'tf 
or Eh' nucha, tvvov)(oi. Eunuchs hare generally 
both testes and penis removed. 

CASUS, Prolapsus, Symptom — c Palpebm 
snperioris, Blepharoptosis — o. UtuIsb, Staphyto- 

CAT TAIL, Typha latifolia. 

CATA, Kara, 'downwards,' ' after,' applied to 
time: at times, it gives additional force to tha 
radical word. A common prefix, as In — 

CATAB'ASIS, from jcara^irw, 'I doeeeod.' 
An expulsion of humours downwards. Alao» a 
descent, Deacen'nu, Deacen'aio, — as of the tss- 
ticles, I)etccn'»u» teeticulo'mvu 

CATABLS'HA, KarmfiXn^m, (cam aad MXsii^) 




'any thing let fall, u a onrtain/ Spihle'ma, Pt- 
r\Ue*mcL. The outermost bandage which seoorei 
the rest. 

Btc^9(, 'submersion/ and /lavia, 'mania.' Insa- 
aitj, with a propensity to suicide bj drowning. 

CATACASMUS, Cupping, Scarification. 


CATACAUSIS, Combustion, human-HS. Ebri- 
Ma, Combastion, human. 

CATACERAS'TICUS, from KaraKs^vwfU, 'I 
temper/ 'I correct' The same as Epicercuticut. 
A medicine capable of blunting the acrimony of 

CATACHASMOS, Scarification. 

CATACHRISIS, Inunction. 


CATACIl'YSIS, Effu'»iOf Per/u'no, from xara- 
Xm» ' I pour upon.' Affusion with cold water. — 
Hippocrates. Decantation. 

CAT ACLASIS, from naraK^a^m, 'I break to 
pieces.' Cam'pylum, CampyWtU, Distortion, or 
spasmodic fixation of the eyes ; spasmodic occlu- 
sion of the eyelids; also, fracture of a bone. — 
ffippocrates, VogeL 

CATACLEIS'; frt>m Kara, 'beneath/ and xAuf, 
'the cUricle/ 'a lock or fastening/ Kar^Kktia, 
{kw, and cAtfw), I lock up. This term has been 
applied to many parte, as to the first rib, the 
acromion, the joining of the stemum with the 
libF, Ac. 

CATACLEI'SIS, same etymon. A locking up. 
The act of locking up. Morbid union of the eye- 

CATACLTS'MUS, Cbtaefy^ma, Cb/a'e/ym«, 
from ranucAv^p, 'to submerge, inundate/ A 
Cl^9ter. Hippocr. Others mean, by the term, a 
shower-bath, or copious affusion of water,* CaUg- 
mtf'si*. Ablution, Douche, 

CATiBONESIS, CatanUema, Cataolysmus. 

CATAGAUNA, Cambogia. 

CATAGKA, Fracture— c Fissura, Fissure, see 
Contrafissunir— e. Fractura, Fracture. 

CATAOMAT'ICS, CatagmoO^iea renwd'ia, from 
aray^o, 'fracture.' Remedies supposed to be 
capable of occasioning the formation of calluai 

CATAQOOLOS'SUM, from MravciV, 'to draw 
dowB,' and yXmnu, 'the tongue.' An instrument 
for preaiiBg down the tongue, See Olossoea- 

OATAGRAPHOLOOIA, Pharmaoooatagra- 

CATALENTIA. Epilepsy, or some disease 
resembling it — Paracelsus. 


CAT'ALEPSY, CataUp'tta, CataUp'tU, Caff- 
ocki, Cai'ockuM, Oafocka Oalt'ni, Morhut atUm'- 
Urns Celti, ffjftU'ria caialep'tiea, Congela'iio, Dt- 
Un'tioy EncataUj/M, Aphonia — (Hipper.,) Anaa'- 
rfitf — (Antigenes,) Apprthen'tio, Contempla'tio, 
Ampor vi^'Uan; Prehen'aio, Cbni* CaUdep'tiOf 
Oppre^no, Oomprehen'»u>—{C9\. Aurelian,) C!om- 
pr9m*no,ApopUa^ia (7ala2ep'tui,from KaraXofiffuimf 
• I eeue hold oV Tranee (?) ^F.) CatcUqm^, A 
disease in which there is snaden suspension of 
the action of the senses and of Tolition; the 
limbs and trunk preserrlng the different posi- 
tions given to them. It is a rare affection, but is 
seen, at ^nes, as a form of hysteria. Some of 
the Greek writers have used the word in its true 
aeeeptation of a teizttre, turprise, Ao« 

CATALEPTIC, CtUaUp'tieut, same etymon. 
Belating to catalepsy. Affected with catalepsy. 

CATALBp'no Mbthod, Mttk*odu» CataUp'tiea, 
The admlnis^mtion of external agents when in< 
lenisl agents are inappUeable. 

CATALOrXG. OualoeicmM, from «arass«^ <to 

break or grind down/ A remedy whioh ramaTSi 
unseemly cicatrices. 

CATAL'PA, a Arbo'rea, Bigno'nia CataVpa, 
Catal'pa (Jordifo'lia, C, Arborta^eetu sen Bignth' 
nuA'dw seu Syriuge^oliiif Cataw'ba tret, Indiam 
Bean, A decoction of the pods of the Catalpa^ 
an American tree, of the Nat, Fam, Bignoniaoess, 
Didynamia Angiospermia, has been recommended 
in chronic nervous asthma. 

Catalpa Arborba, Catalp*— o. Bignonioidei^ 
Catalpa — o. CordifoUa, Catalp»— o. Syringssfolia^ 

GATAL'TSIS, Paralysis, from gant and X«w, 
'I dissolve or decompose.' The aetion of pre~ 
•ence in producing decomposition; as when a 
body which possesses what has been termed eolo- 
lytie force resolves other bodies into new com* 
pounds by mere contact or presence, without 
itself experiencing any modification. 

CATALYTIC FORCE, see Catalysis. 

CATAMENIA, Menses — o. Alba, Lenooirhoe^ 

CATAME'NIAL, CatamenM'li; Men'etntalj 
Men'etruue, Men'etruoue, (F.) Menstrvel, from 
itara, and ^y, ' a mouth.' Appertaining or relaU 
ing to the catamenia. 


CATANAKCE, Cichorium intybus. 


CATANTLE'MA, OatantWeU, from nir% 
'upon/ and arrXaw, 'I pour.' Cktieone'tie and 
Oataone'eie, Ablution with warm water. A £»- 
mentation. — Moschion, Mareellas Bmpirions. 

CATAPAS'MA, from «arava»«M, ' I sprinkle.' 
C€Uapa»'tum, Coneper'tio, Epipae'ton, PasmOf 
Synpa^tna, Empae'maf Diapae'ma, Xer'um, Am^ 
per'eio, Epiepae'tum, Pulvie aepereo'riue, A com- 
pound medicine, in the form of powder, employed 
by the ancients to sprinkle on ulceis, absorb per- 
spiration, Ac. — Paulus of iBgina. 

CATAPU'ORA, 'a £dl,' from mra^cpM, 'I 
throw down.' A state resembling sleep, with 
privation of feeling and voice. Somnolency. 
According to others, Cataphora is simply a pro- 
found sleep, which it is difficult to rouse from — 
in this sense being synonymous with Sopor. 

Cataphora Coma, see Apoplexy — a Hydro* 
cephalioa, see Apoplexy — e. C^mini, Theriaea 
Londinensis — e. Magnetica, Somnambulism, mag* 

CATAPHRAC'TA, Cataphrat'tee, a CMtmh 
from Kara^p99cn, ' I fortify.' A name given by 
Galen to a bandage applied round the thorax and 
shoulders. It was also called Quadri'^a, 

CATAPIESIS, Depression. 


GATAP'LASIS, from MravXa^sw, ' to besmear/ 
The act of besmearing or overlaying with plastei^ 

CAT'APLASM, Cataplae'ma, Epiplae'mn. 
BcBoe, PoulHee, PuUiee, from Karaw^amruVf (xaw 
and irXaecuv, ' to form or mould,') ' to besmear/ 
(F.) Catapiatme, A medicine applied exter- 
nally, under the form of a thick pap. Cata* 
plasms are formed of various ingredients, and for 
different objects. They may be attodyne, emoU 
lient, tonxe, antieeptie, irrttatingf Ao. A simple 
poniUee acts only by virtae of its warmth and 
moisture. Mealy, &tty substances, leaves of 
plimts, certain fruits, ommb of bread, Ao., are 
Uie most common bases. The chief poultices 
whioh have been officinal are the following :— 
Anodyne — e. Cicntss, e. Digitalis. Antieepiic—^ 
0. Carbonis, o. Danoi, o. Fermenti, o. AeetosA, e« 
CuminL EmoUUnt — e. Lini, a Panis, o. Mali 
matnii. IrritaHng—^ Sinapis, a Sodii ohloridl^ 
0. Qaero(U Marint Tomie and AsCrti^^enl — a. 
Alum, e. Goulard, o. of Roses. 

Tha PansiMi Codes has imm othic offi«iul 




Mtaplumg. 1. Cataplat'ma anod'ynumf made of 
poppy and hyoacyamus. 2. Oatapla^ma twtoUienif 
made of meal and pulps. 3. Cataplat'ma ad 
guppuratio'nem promoven'damf of palps and ba- 
filicon. 4. Cataplat'ma rube/a'cient yel anti- 
pUurit'xeumf formed of pepper and yinegar. 

The only cataplasms, the preparation of which it 
Is important to describe, are some of the following : 

Cataplasm, Alum, Coagulam Aluminpsum. — 
e. of Beer grounds, see Cataplasma Ferment!. — 
0. Carrot, Cataplasma DaucL — e. Charcoal, Cata- 
plasma carbonis ligni. 

CATAPLASMA BYNES, see C. Fermenti. 

Cataplas'ma Carbo'nis Liqni, Charcoal Cat- 
apiatm or poultice. Made by adding powdered 
charcoal to a common cataplasm. Used as an 
antiseptie to foul ulcers, Ac 

Cataplas'ma Dauci, Carrot Cataplasm or 
poultice. Made by boiling the root of Uie Carrot 
until it is soft enough to form a poultice. Used 
in fetid ulcers. 

Cataplas'ma FiEcuLJE Ckrevisub, see C. 

Cataplas'ma Ferment'i, C. effervetfcen; Yeatt 
Cataplatm or Poultice , (F.) CataplaMme de Levure. 
(Take of meal fi>j, yratt, tbss. Expose to a gentle 
heat) It is antiseptic, and a good application 
to bruises. A Cataplasm of Beer Grounds^ Cata- 
platma F<b'cuUb Cerevi$'ia, C, Byne», is used in 
the same cases. 

Cataplab'ma Shta'pis, C. Sina'peoitf Sin'a- 
pitm. Mustard Cataplasm or Poultice^ (F.) Coto- 
pleutme de Moutard ou Sinapisme, {Mustard and 
liinseed meal or meal i,a equal parts. Warm 
vinegar or water, q. s.) A rubefacient and sti- 
mulant applied to the soles of the feet in coma, 
low typhus, Ac, as well as to the pained part in 
rheumatism, Ac. 

CATAPLEX'IS, <S^(u;>or,from jcara, and xXn^am, 
* I strike.' The act of striking with amazement 
Appearance of astonishment as exhibited by the 
•yes in particular. See IlflD media. 

CATAPOSIS, Deglutition. 


CATAPSYX'IS, from KaTax\,vx»y 'I refrige- 
rate' 'y Peripsyx'is. Considerable coldness of the 
body, without rigor and horripilatio. — Galen, 
Per/ric'tio. Coldness in the extreme parts of the 
limbs. — Hippocrates. 

CATAPTO'SIS, Dedden'tia, a/a//. This word, 
at times, expresses the fall of a patient, attacked 
with epilepsy, or apoplexy ; at others, the sudden 
resolution of a paralytic limb. 


OATAPUTIA MINOR, Euphorbia Uthyris, 
Bicinus communis. 

CAT' ARACT, Catarac'ta, Catarrhac'ta, Suffu'- 
aio Oc'ulij S. Lentis crystaWina, Phtharma cata- 
ra^taf Cali'go lentis, Gutta opa'ca, Hypoe'hymaf 
ffopoc'hjfsis, Hopoph'ysiSfPhacoscoto'ma, Parop*- 
9is catarac'ta, Qlauco'ma Woulhou'si, from xara- 
passtiv {Kara and pavntv), 'to tumble down.' A 
deprivation of sight, which comes on, as if a veil 
fell before the eyes. Cataract consists in opacity 
of the crystalline lens or its capsule, which pre- 
Tents the passage of the rays of light, and pre- 
elndes vision. The causes are obscure. Diag- 
nosis. — The patient is blind, the pupil seems 
dosed by an opake body, of variable colour, but 
commonly whitish : — the pupil contracting and 
dilating. Cataracts have been divided, by some, 
into spurious and genuine. The former, where 
the obstacle to vision is between the capsule of 
the lens and the uvea : the latter, where it is in 
the lens or eapsule. A lenticular cataract is 
where the affeotion is seated in the lens ; — a cap- 
9ular or membranous, in the capsule. The eap- 
mdmr k divided again, by Beer, into the onurior, 

posterior, and complete capsular eataraeL Whoa 
the capsule is rendered opake, in conMqneBM 
of an injury, which cuts or rupturea anj part af 
it, it thickens, becomes leathery, and haa beat 
called Catarac'ta arida siliguo'sa, Caiarsu^tm 
Morgagnia'na lactea vel purt/or'mis, ia the an'ttv 
variety, in which the crystalline Sa traaafonaM 
into a liquid similar to milk, (F.) Catarade kd' 
teuse ; or, as generally defined) in which there Si 
opacity of the fluid situate between the lens and 
its capsule. The cap^sulo-lenti<^ular alTecta both 
lens and capsule, and Beer conceives the liqatr 
Morgagni, in an altered state, may eontribnte te 
it Cataracts are also called hard, soft, (PAoea- 
malti'cia,) stony^ (F. pierremse,) milky fxt ctr s y, 
{laiteuse ou casiuse, Galactoeatara^ta, Catarsi^tm 
lactic'olor,) according to their densi^ : — whilst 
pearly, yellow, brown, gray, green, black, (F.) 
blanche, perlfe, jaune, brune, grise, rerte, uoir$, 
according to their colour : — jfixed or vaeillatiuif, 
— catarac'ta capsukh-lentieula'ris fixa vel frm'- 
ula, {¥,)Jixe ou branlante, according aa they are 
fixed or movable behind the pupiL They are 
likewise called Catarac'ta marmora'ei4e, /«««•. 
tra'tm, stella'ta, puncta'ta, dimidia'i4t, Ac, ae- 
oording to the appearances they present 

They may also be simple, or complicated wiA 
adhesion, amaurosis, specks, Ac. ; and p t ima r g 
or primitive, when opake before the operation ;— 
secondary, when the opacity ia the result of tht 

The following claasifieation of eataraeti it bj 
M. Desmarres: 

Class I. True Caiaraets. 

1 Green. 
Stony or chalky. 
barred, dehis- 
cent, with three 
branches, Ac 
Disseminated, cr 

' Morgagnian, cr 

Cystic, pomlai^ 

Shaking, or floafc- 

Pyramidal orfc- 

Arid ailiquoia. 
All the varieties of lentieobr 
and capsular cataracts. 




o. Lenticular 



b. Capsular 

c. Capsulo- 


d. Secondary 


Other varie- 
ties, soft,hard, 
or liquid. 



Class II. False Cataritete. 


Cataract is eommonly a disease of elderly li- 
dividuals, although, notunfreqnentiy, ecmgeu^itaL 
It forms slowly; objects are at first seen ai 
through a mist ; light bodies appear to fly belbn 
the eyes, and it is not until after months or ysail 
that the sight is wholly lost No means wQl ob- 
viate the evil except an operatioii, whieb cuad sti 
in remoTing the obatada to th» pasM(» ot tha 




Sght to the nliiia. Four chief methods are em- 
ployed for this purpose. 1. CoMehing or Deprta- 
•MA, Syai<miJt'i9, H$aUm}fxfU, (F.) Ahaiuement, 
i>^^p/aeeMeMt <ie la Cataraete. This oonsiete in 
pMsing a cataract needle throneh the sclerotica 
and subjacent membranea, a little abore the 
transrerse diameter of the eye ; and at about two 
lines' distance from the ciroamferenoe of the 
trmnsparent comea, until the point sirives in the 
posterior chamber of the eye. With this the 
oystaliine is depressed to the outer and lower 
pan of the globe of the eye, where it is left. 
1. Bjf abtorptian, — by the French termed broie- 
wt€mi, or 6nimii^. This is performed in the same 
manner ma the former; except that, instead of 
taming the crystalline from the axis of the Tisnal 
rays, it is dirided by the outUng edge of the 
Birdie, and its fragments are scattered in the 
humours of the eye, where they ore absorbed. 
3. By exiraetioUf which consists in openings with 
a particular kind of knife, the transparent cornea 
and the anterior portion of the capsule of the 
cfystalline ; and causing the lens to issue through 
the aperture. Each of the processes has its tA~ 
vantages and disadvantages, and aU are used by 
surgeons. 4. Some, again, pass a cataract needle 
through the transparent cornea and pupil to the 
exystalline, and depress or cause its absorption. 
This is called Keratonyxsis, which see. 

Catabact, Black, Amaurosis — o. Capsular, 
■ee Cataract — c. Capsulo-lenticular, see Cataract 
— e. Central, Centiadiaphanes — o. Cheesy, see 
Cataract — c Congenital, see Cataract — e. Com< 
plicated, see Cataract — c Fixed, see Cataract — 
c Genuine, see Cataract-~c. Hard, see Cataract 
— e. Lenticular, see Cataract — c. Membranous, 
see Cataract — c Milky, see Cataract — c. Opake, 
see Cataract— -c. Primary, see Cataract — c Primi- 
ttve, see Cataract — c Secondary, see Cataract — 
c Simple, see Cataract — c. Soft, see Cataract — 
e. Spurious, see Cataract— c Stony, see Cataract 
— «. Vacillating, see Cataract. 

CATARACT A, Cataract— c Arida siliquosa, 
see Cataract — c. Capsulo-lenticttlaris, see Cata- 
ract — c. Centralis, Centradiaphanes — o. IHmidi- 
ata, see Cataract — c. Fenestrata, see Cataract — 
9. Glanca, Glanooma — c. LacUcolor, see Cata- 
ract — e. Liquida, Hygrocataracta — c Marmo- 
laeea, see Cataract — o. Morgagniana, see Cata- 
ract — 0. Nigra, Amaurosis — c. ^unctatay see 
<^ktaract — c Stellate, see Cataract. 

Cataract— c. Blanehtf see Cataract — e. BranlafUe, 
see Cataract— e. Brune, see Cataract— e. CatfuM, 
see Cataract — e. Viplatem^nt de Zo, see Cataract 
— <. /*txe, see Cataract— «. flWte, see Cataract — 
e. JanwB^ see Cataract — e. Zaiteu§e, see Cataract 
— c Noire, Amaurosis, see Cataract — c. PerUi, 
see Cataract — c PUrreu^e, see Cataract— c Verte, 
see Cataract. . 

CATARACTS, (F.) Catarae^tw, Catarae'td 
eifta'hw. One affected with cataract. The French 
ise this term, both for the eye affected with eata- 
laet and the patient himself. 
CATARIA, see Nepeta— o. Vulgaris, Kepeta. 
CATARRH', Catar*rhu», Caiar'rhoput, Catar- 
fhf'ma, Bheuma, Defiitx'io, Catattag'ma, PhUg- 
wuai>rrkag"ia,Phleamaiorrkcg'a^rom Kara, * down- 
wards/ and fm, ' I flow.' A discharge of fluid 
from a raucous membrane. The ancients consi- 
dered eatarrh as a simple flux, and not as an in- 
Hammation. Generally it partakes of tiiis cha- 
faeler, howerer. Caiarrk is, with us, usually 
fcsUl cted to inflammation of the mucous mem- 
Vtaae of the air-passages : the French extend it 
lo that of all mucous membranes; (F.) FUac 
t, FUtadon catarrkah^ 

ill tha BBglith sense, freneAo-eoiar'. 

rk%a, Pulmonary Catarrh, Lung fever, (ml- 
garly,) Bheuma Pee'torie, DeetiUa'tio Pee^ torts, 
Oatar^rhue Pte'torit, C. Pulnu^wtm, C. Pulmo- 
na'lie, C, BronehiaUie, Bltnnop'tgeit, Tue'eie cO" 
tarrha^lie, eimplex, Qrat^do (of many), Pehrie 
Oatarrka'lie, Blennotho'rax, Broncki'tit, Catar'- 
rkuM d Fri'gorif (F.) Catarrhe p^monaire, Fihfre 
Oatarrhale, Bkume de Poitrine, a Cold, is a su- 
perficial inflammation of the mucous follicles of 
the trachea and bronchi. It is commonly an af- 
fection of but little consequence, but apt to re- 
lapse and become cAroaie. It is characterized 
by cough, thirst, lassitude, fever, watery eyes, 
with increased secretion of mucus from the air- 
passages. The antiphlogisUc regimen and time 
usually remove it — Sometimes, the inflammation 
of the bronchial tubes is so great as to prove 

Catarrh, Acuts, or the Utsrub, see Metri- 
tis — c. Chronic, Bronchitis, (chronic) — o. Dry, 
see Bronchitis — c Pulmonary, Bronchitis, Ca- 
tarrh — e. Rose, Fever, hay — c. Suffocating ner- 
vous. Asthma, Thymioum — o. Summer, Fever, 

Catarrb', Epidbv'xc, Catar^rhue epidem'teue, 
C. d eonta'gio, Bheuma epidem'iewn. Catarrh 
prevailing owing to some particular Conetiiutio 
airUj uid affecting a whole country, — Injluenta, 


CATAR'RHAL, Catarrka'lie, Catarrko'ieue, 
CatarrhtUfxeue, CatarrKo9ficu$. Relating to 
catarrh,— as (kttarrkal Fever. 

Metritis — e. Bneeal, AphthsB, — c. ConvnUive, 
Bronchitis— «. Gaetrique, Gastritis — e. Guttural, 
Cynanche tonsillaris — e. JniesftiMil, Diarrhoea — 
e. Largngten, Laryngitis — c. Naeal, Coryza — 
e, Oeulaire, Ophthalmia — o. de P Oreille, Otir- 
rhoea — e. Pkargngien, Cynanche parotidea — c. 
Pituiteux, Bronchorrhoea — e, Pulmonaire, Ca- 
tarrh— «. See ; see Bronchitis— «. Stomaeal, Gas- 
teorrhoea — e. Utirin, Lenoorrhoea — c. Ve*eieal, 

CATARRHEC'TICA, from Mromyw/ti, <I 
break down.' Remedies considered proper for 
evacuating; — as diuretics, cathartics, Ac. Hip- 
pocrates. * 


CATARRffEUX (F.) Catarrlu/nie. One sub- 
ject to catarrh ; affected with catarrh. 

CATARRHEX'IA, Oatarrhex^ie ; same ety- 
mon as Caiarrheeiiea, The action of Catarrhec- 
tica. Also, effusion ; evacuation of the bowels. 

CATARRHEXIS, Catarrhexia, Excrement^ 
e. Vera, HsBmatochesia. 

CATARRH(EA, Rheumatism. 

CATARRHOET'ICUS, from raraMc«, 'I flow 
fit>m.' An epithet for disease produced by a 
discharge of phlegm ; catarrhal. 

CATAR'RHOPA PHY'MAT A,from ««r<rpfMir«f, 
carappovirf , ' sloping downwards.' Tubercles tend, 
ing downwards, or with their apices downwards. 

CATARRHOPHE, Absorption. 

CATARRH0PHE8IS, Absorption. 

CATARRHO'PIA, Caiar'rhgeie, from eara 
'downwards,' and pown, 'inclination.' An alBuz 
of fluids towards the inferior parts, and espe- 
cially towards the viscera of the abdomen. The 
G^reek word ava^ma expresses an opposite phe- 
nomenon, or a tendenoy towards the upper parts. 


CATARRHOS'CHBSIS, fi<om Konppos, 'ea- 
tarrh,' and •%Mtc, ' suppression.' The suppres- 
sion of a mucous discharge. 

CATARRHU8, Defluxion, Tnssis— e. JBstivus, 
fever, hay — o. Bellinsulanus, Cynanche parotl- 
dsM — c Bronchialis, Catarrh — c Bronehiomm, 
Bronehitia — e. i Oontagio, Influensa— e. BpU 




dtmiouBy Inflnensa, CaAairh, epidomio — e. Oeni- 
talianiy Lencorrhoea — c GonorrhoBa, Gonoirhces 
— c Intestinalu, Diarrhoea — e. La^ryngwu, La- 
zyngo-oatarrhttB— c ad Nares, Corfsa— o. Nasa- 
lis, Coryxa — o. Pulmonalu, Catarrh — o. Palmo« 
nam, Bronohitifl, Catarrh— o. SeniliB, Bronchitis, 
(ohronic)— 0. SuffooatiTos Barbadeofia, C. traohe- 
■lifl— 0. Trachealia, Laryngo-oatarrhos — c Ure- 
thrsB, Qonnorrhoea pura — e. Urethralis, Gonor- 
rhoea— e. VeaiciBi CystorrhoBa. 

CATABBHYSIS, Catarrhopia, Defloxion. 

CATABTISIS, Catartismus. 

CATABTIS'MUS, CiUar'tuit, from Mraf»ri{ciy, 
' to repair, replaoe.' The ooaptation of a luxated 
or fraetnred bone, or hernia. 

CATASABGA, Anasarca. 

CATASCEUE, Struotore. 

CATASCHASMUS, Dloodletiing» Scarification. 

CATASTAGMUS, Catarrh, Coryxa. 

CATASTALAGMUS, Coryia, Distillation. . 

CATA8TALTIGA, HnmatostaUca, Sedataves. 

CATAS'TABIS, from Km^ttrnfju, * I eBteblish.' 
The oonstitntion, state, condition, Ac, of any 
thing. — Hippocrates. Also the redaction of a 
bone. See Constitution, and Habit of Body. 

GATAT'ASIS, from ganruwm, * I extend'. Ex- 
tension. The extension and reduction of a firac- 
tared limb. — Hippocrates. 

CATATHLIPSIS, Oppression. 


CATAXIS, Fracture. 

CATCH FLY, Apocynum aadrossBmifoUum, 
Silene Virginioa. 

CATCHUP, Ketchup. 

CAT'ECHU. The extract of rarions parte of 
the Aea'da CcU'ecAit, Mimo'ta Oat'eehu, Caaf- 
ehUf an oriental tree. The drug is also called 
Terra Japon'tea, Extrae'tum CaUchu, Japan 
Earthf CcuuiheUf Cadtekut Ca^how, Caitehu, Oatt- 
joe, Caeau, CaU, Kaath, Cuti, Outcky Coira, Sue- 
en* Japan' ieuMf (F.) Caekou. It is a powerful 
•stringent, and is used in diarrhoea, intestinal he- 
morrhage, Ac. Dose, gr. xy to ^as, in powder. 

Catbchu, Square, see Nauolea gambir. 

CATEIAD'ION, from Kara, and cia, < a blade 
of grass.' A long instrument thrust into the 
nostrils to excite hemorrhage in headach. — 

CATENA MUSCULUS, TibiaUs anticus. 

CATEONESIS, Catantiema. 

CATGUT, Galega Virginiana. 

CATH^'BESIS, KoBaiptvif, 'subtraction, di- 
minution/ Extenuation or exhaustion, owing to 
forced exercise. — Hippocrates. The action of 

CATH^BETICUS, Catheretic 


CATHABI6M0S, Depuration. 

CATHAB'MA, Pnryamenfum. The matter 
•▼acuated by a puigative, or by spontaneous 
purging : also, a cathartic 

CATHAB'MUS, Same etymon ; a purgation. 
-—Hippocrates. Also, the cure of a disease by 
magic, Ac 

CATHAB'SIS, from ca^oipny, (koB* and aipciv, 
•to take away,') 'to purge.' Purga'tio, Apoca- 
tkar'ne, Co^ropho^rxa, CopropMore'tie. A natu- 
ral or artificial purgaUo* of any passage ; — mouth, 
Anns, ragina, Ac 

CATHAB'TIC, Catkar'ttetu, Cathart'tUme, 
Oathar'ma, Coprocrit'ieum, Coprago*gum, Luetra- 
mWrurn, Pnrgane medieamtnt'wnfTriekili'um, De- 
jeeto'rium Bemtd'ium, Eeeatkar^tiew, Hypacti- 
CM, ffopoekarei^icuSf Alvum evae'vane, Egpet'oMoe, 
Lapae*tieu», Apoeatkar^tieue. Same etymon. (F.) 
(kukarHqua. A medicine which, when taken in- 
tamally, inoreases the number of alvine evacua- 
tiont. Soma inbstanoei act upon the upper part 

of the intestinal canal, as calomel and eoloeynik / 
otiiers, on the lower part, as alote ; and some on 
the whole extent, as ealine purgatives. Hence a 
choice may be necessary. Cathartics are divided 
into purgatives and laxatives. The following ii 
a list of the chief cathartics : 

Aloe, Cassia Marilandica, Colocjmthis, Elate- 
rium, Gambogia, Hydrargyri Chloridum mite, 
Hydrargyri Oxydum nigrum, Hydrarg. cum 
Magnesii, Jalapa, Juglans, Magnesia. Magnesias 
Carbonas, Magnesise Sulphas, Manna, Mannita, 
Oleum Euphorbin Lathyridis, Oleum BicinI, 
Oleum Tiglii, Podophyllum, PotasssB Acetas, Po- 
tassss Bistilphas, Potassss Sulphas, Potassss Bl- 
tartras, PotasssB Tartras, Bheum, Scammonium, 
Senna, Sinapis, Sodas et Potassss Tartras, Sodss 
Phosphas, Sods Sulphas, Sodi Chloridum, Sul- 
phur, Veratria, AqusB Mineralee Sulphurese el 
SalinsB, Enemata, Sappositoria. 

CATHABTIN, see Cassia Senna, and Con- 
volvulus jalapa. 


CATHABTOCABPUS, Cassia fistula. 



CATHEMEBUS, Quotidian. 

CATHEBET'IC, CatkiBreeicw, E^lot'iema, 
Sarcopk'ague, from ica^aipciv, ' to eat,' ' destroy.' 
Substances applied to warts, exuberant granula- 
tions, Ac, to eat them down. Mild cauetice, 

CATH'ETEB, from ica^m^i (ratf', and m^i. 'to 
send,') ' I explore.' jEne'a, AVgalit, Catkete'rie, 
Demieeor, Immu'eor, A hollow tube, introduced 
by surgeons into the urinary bladder, for the 
purpose of drawing off the urine. Catheters are 
made of silver or elastic gum. See Bougie The 
French generally use the word eatketer for the 
solid eound or etaff; and algalie and eonde for 
the hollow instrument. 

Cathbtbr, Nasal. An instrument, invented 
by M. Gensoul, of Lyons, for catheterising the 
ductus ad nasum. It is hook-shaped ; the extre- 
mity, bent at a right angle, is about an inch in 
length, suited to Uie distance of the lower orifice 
of the duct from the nostril, and likewise to the 
length and form of the duc^ with a slight spiral 

CATHBTEBIS, Catheter. 

CATHETEBISIS, Catheterismus. 

CATHETBBIS'MUS, Catkete'rieie, Catkttert^ 
•a'tio, CtUk'ettrxem, Catketerita'tion, Immit'eio 
€fatkete'rt9, same etymon. The introduction of a 
catheter or sound into the bladder or Eustachian 
tube. Also probing a wound. Melosis. 

CATHETEBIZATION, Catheterismus. 

CATH'ETEBIZB. To perform the operation 
of catheterism ; — ^in other words, to introduce the 
catheter, to probe or sound a cavity. 

CATHID'BYSIS, from xahi^u, ' I place to- 
gether.' Beduction of a part to its natural situ- 

CATHMIA, PInmbi oxydum semi-vitreum. 

CATHMIB, Calamina. 

CATHOD'IC, Catkod'ietu; from n^, 'down- 
wards,' and Mof, ' a way.' An epithet applied by 
Dr. Marshall Hall to a downward course of ner- 
vous action. 

tkoliqueSf are the fluids spread over the whole 


Cathol'icon Duplbx. An ancient purging 
electuary, chiefly oomposed of cassia, tamarinds, 
rhubarb, senna, Ac. 


CATII/LIA. A weight of nine oan< 






CATUNO, Knitt, doable-edged. 
CATO, mmrm, 'below/ 'beneath.' This word, 
ki tke writingi of HippoerAtes, is oflen nsed for 
tke abdemen, cepeeially the intestines. When he 
adnMs a remedy nrw, he means a purgative ; 
iben evw, 'abore or upwards/ an emetic. As a 
fnAz, Ckio means 'beneath/ as in 

CATOCATHARTIC, Catocathar'ticu$,from 
Mw, ' downwards,' and Ko^uiptm, * I purge.' A 
■ediciae which purges downwards. One that 
fndneeit alTine evacuations. The antithesis to 


CArOCHE, Ont'oekeia, Cat'orhuif from Kartxt*, 
'I Rtain,' ' I hold fasL' This word has, by some, 
ben a«ed synonymously with Catalep!<y : by 
tthen. with Coma vigil ; by others, with Tetanus. 

CATOCHrS, Cati»che, Ecftasis— c. Cervinus, 
TrtSBTif — e. Holot(»nicn9, Tetanus — e. Infhntum, 
bdnration of the ctflinlar tissue. 

CATOMIP'MOS. fnim Kar^t, 'beneath/ and 

1^ 'shoulder;' tSuhhnmfra'tio, A mode with 

tfc« socients of reducing luxation of the humoruf* 

Wni*iDr the body by the arm. — Paulus of ^gina. 

'CATOPTER, Speculum. 

EYL When a lighted candle is held before the 
ejv. the pupil of which has been dilated by bella- 
ioBMj three images of it are seen — two erect, and 
«M iDTerted : — the former owing to reflection 
froa the cornea and anterior surface of the orys- 
tidUne; the latter owing to reflection from the 
poAerior layer of the crystalline. This mode of 
cxuBiaing the eye has been proposed as a means 
if dis|Bosis between cataract and amaurosis. In 
tk Isiuer, all the images are seen. 

CATOPTROMANCY, from mrorrow, {xara, 
lad •Kfj^n,) * a mirror,' and ftarruuy 'aivination.' 
A land of djvination by means of a mirror. 

CATOPTRON, .Speculum. 

CATORCnrTES. A kind of sour wine, pre- 
pared with the orchis and black grape, or dried 
ip. It wss formerly employed a^ a diuretic and 
(ueiu^^ogue. — Dioscorides. Called, also, jS^c»'- 
IM.— Gtlen. 

CAT0RETICU8, PurgaUve. 

CATOTERICUS, Purgative. 

CATO'TICA, from xant, 'l>cneath.' Diseases 
infeetinj iatcmnl surfaces. Pravity of the fluids 
or emanctorics, that open on the internal surfaces 
of or^nii. The second order in the class Eceri- 
tMcl Good. 

CAT0XT8, Ptracn'tu; from Karay 'an inten- 
Bre,' ud •(«(, 'acute.' Highly acute ; as MorhuB 
CafM-y*. Jf. Ptracu'tMf a verv acute diseni^c. 

CATS EYE, AMAUROTIC, see Amaurotic 

CAT'fFOOT, Antcnnaria dioica. 

CATTAOAUMA, Cambogia. 


CATULOTICA, Cicatrisantia. 

CATU-TRIPALl. Pii)er longum. 

CAUCALIS CAROTA, Daucus carotar— c. Sa- 
■ieflU, Ssnicula. 


CArrASIAN. see Homo. 

CAVCHEMAR, Incubus. 


CAUCHUC, Caoutchouc. 

CAUDA, Coccyx, Penis. 

CiCDA EQri'KA. The spinal marrow, at its 
tomioation, about the second lumbar vertebra, 
pTpj off a coniiiderablo number of nerves, which, 
vbea nnravelled, resemble a horse's tail, — hence 
ftename; (F.) ^M«iie de C'Aera/, Q. de la MoHle 
Mfimiirt, See Medulla Spinalis. 

CiCDA Salajc, Penis. f 

Caudal, CaudaUy Cauda* lU, Cauda' tHM; from 
ea^in, *% taiL' Relating or appertaining to a 
teiL Having a tail or tail-like mppendt^: — / 

as 'caudal or eaudatt eorpuscles* — eorpnsclaf 
having a tail-like appendage, as in canoerona 

CAUDATE, Caudal. 

CAUDATIO, Clitorism. 

CAUDATUS, Bicaudatus. 

dies is a small town, nine leagues from Perpig- 
nan, in France, where there is a thermal springy 
containing a little sulphate of soda and iron. 

CAUDLE: (F.) Chaudrau, chaud, 'warm or 
hot.' A nourishing gruel given to women during 
the childbed state. The following is a form for 
it : Into a pint of flne gruel, not thick, put, whilst 
it is boiling hot, the yolk of an egg beaten with 
sugar, and mixed with a large spoonAil of cold 
water, a glass of wine, and nutmeg. Mix the 
whole well together. Brandy is sometimes sub- 
stituted for the wine, and lemon peel or capillaire 
added. It is also sometimes made of gruel and 
beer, with sugar and nutmeg. 

CAUL, from (L.) eaula, «a fold,' Pilut, PiW- 
olu», Ga'ha, Vitta, (F.) Corffe, G>iffe-^{Etre nS 
coefff — 'to be bom with a caul.') The English 
name for the omentum. When a child is bom 
with the membranes over the face, it is said to 
have been ' httrn with a caul,* In the catalogue 
of superstitions, this is one of the favourable 
omens. The caul itself is supposed to confer 
privileges upon the possessor; hence the mem- 
branes are dried, and sometimes sold for a high 
price. See Epiploon. 

CAULE'DON, Cicjf e'don, from Kmw\0(, 'a stalk.' 
A transverse fracture. 

CAU'LIFLOWER, (0.) Kohl, 'cabbage/ and 
fiovetr [ ? ], Brassica Florida. 

Cauliflower Excrks'cbnob, JKrcrescen'ha 
Syphilit'icaf (F.) Ohoujicur, A syphilitio ex- 
crescence, which appears about the origin of the 
mucous membranes, chiefly about the anus and 
vulva, and which resembles, in appearanoe, tha 
head of the cauliflower. 

CAULIS, Penis— c. Florida, Brassica Florida. 

Leon'tice thalictroVdra, Blueberry Cohoshf CofiMk, 
Cohushf Blueberry J Papoote Boott Squaw Boot, 
Blue Ginaenfff Yellow (iintengt a plant of the Fa- 
mily Berbcridcce; Her, Sy«t, Hexandria Mono- 
^vnin, which grows all over the United States, 
flowering in May and Juno. The infusion of the 
root is much used by the Indians in various dis- 
eases. To it are ascribed emmenagogue and dia- 
phoretic virtues. 

CAULOPLE'GIA, from «avXef, ' the male or- 
gan,' and rXr/Yiif * a wound,' or ' stroke.' An in- 
jury or paralvi'is of the male organ. 

CAULORRIIAGIA, Stimatosis— c. Ejaculato- 
ria, Spormato-cystidorrhagia — c. Stillatitia, Ure- 


CAULUS, Penis. 

CAUMA, Kavfia, 'a burnt part/ fVom ratw, 'I 
bum.* Great heat of the body or atmosphere. 
Synocha, Empresma. 

Cauma Bronchitis, Cynanche trachoalis — c 
Carditis, Carditis — c. Enteritis, Enteritis — o. 
Gastritis, Gastritis — c. nre^morrhagicum, Uaemor- 
rhagia activa — c. Hepatitis, Hepatitis — e. Oph- 
thalmitis, Ophthalmia^-c. reritonltif, Peritonitis 
— c. Phrenitis, Phrcnitis — c. PIcuritis, Pleuritis 
— c. Podagricum, Gout — o. Rheumatismus, Rheu- 
matism, acute. 

CAUMATO'DES, Caumate'nt$, from xavua, 
'fire-heat' Burning hot. Frhria caumato'dea, 
F, cau0t/de«. Inflammatory fever. Synooha. 

CAUNGA, Areca. 

CAUSA CONJUNCTA, Cause, proxSiMkto—^ 
ConUneDB, CaxkB^f proximate. 




CAUSiB ABDITM, Caiues, predisponent or 
remote — o. Actuales, Gaiuesy ocoaaional— o. Pras- 
incipientesy Causes, procatarotio — o. Pro^gnme- 
nadf Causes, predisponent. 

CAUSE, Cau'ta, Ax'tioy Ai'tion, An act which 
precedes another, and teems to be a necessary 
condition for the occurrence of .the latter. The 
causes of disease are generally extremely ob- 
■eure ; although they, sometimes, are erident 
enough. The prediaponent and oecaaional causes 
are we only two, on which any stress can be 
laid; but as authors bare dirided them differ- 
entiy, a short explanation is necessary. 

Cause, Ac'cxssort, (F.) Cau»e Acee§9oire. 
One which has only a secondary influence in the 
production of disease. 

Causes, Accident' al. Common Catuetf (F.) 
CbtMet Aeeidentelletf are those which act only 
in certain given conditions; and which do not 
always produce the same disease. Cold, e. g., 
may be the accidental cause of pneumonia, rheu- 
matism, Ac 

CAUSES CACH£eS, C. occultr-c. Common, 
C. accidental — o. Exciting, C. Occasional — c Es- 
sential, C. Specific — e. DitermtnanttB, C. Specific 
—c. Eloigniff 0. Predisponent. 

Causes, Extern' al, (F.) Obu«e« extemet, are 
such as act externally to the individual ; as air, 
cold, Ac. 

CAUSES FORMELLESy (F.) are such as 
determine the form or kind of disease. They 
differ from the Cau»e§ matiritUetf which are 
common to a set of diseases ,* as, to the neuroses, 
pblegmasisB, Ac 

Causes, Hidden, C. Occult 

Causes, Intern' al, (F.) Cawet Internet, are 
those which arise within the body ; — as mental 
emotions, Ac 

Causes, Mechan'icai., (F.) Cautet mScaniquetf 
are those which act mechanically, as pressure 
upon the windpipe in inducing suffocation. 

Causes, Neo'ative, (F.) CaM«««Wyaftre«, com- 
prise all those things, the privation of which 
may derange the functions ; — as abstinence too 
long continued. They are opposed to potitive 
oausetf which, of themselves, directiy induce dis- 
ease ; — ^as the use of indigestible food, spirituous 
drinks, Ac. 

Causes, Obscure, C. Occult 

Causes, Occassional, ExcVting CauMet, Caiua 
iMtua'leMf (F.) Catue* ocecuioneUetf are those 
which immediately produce disease. The occa- 
sional causes have been divided into the cogniz- 
able and non-cognizable, — C. J. B. Williams. 

L Oognizable Agentt, 

1. MechanicaL 

2. Chemical. 

3. Ingesta. 

4. Bodily exertion. 

5. Mental emotion. 

6. Excessive evacuation. 

7. Suppressed or defective evacua- 


8. Defective cleanliness, ventilation 

and draining. 

9. Temperature and changes. 




IL Non-Cognitable Agentt. 

1. Endemic \ 

2. Epidemic. [ Poisons. 

3. Infectious. J 

Causes, Occult', Hidden caueee, Obecure catwet, 
(F.) Cautet occultet on caclUee on obscures. Any 
caosea with whioh we are unacquainted; also. 

certain inappreciable charaoten of the Ateo* 
sphere, which give rise to epidemics. 

Causes, Phys'ical, (F.) Cau»ee PAyeiif ««%— 
those which act by virtue of their physicMd pro* 
perties ; as form, hardness, Ac All Tiilneraiiiig 
bodies belong to this class. 

Causes, PHr8iOLOo"icAL, (F.) Cawea P hjf& hm 
logiquesf tiiose which act only on living maittfj 
— narcotics, for example. 

Causes, Predispo'nent, JRemote eaueee, Oamm 
proigu'mena, Cau»4B ab'dittB, (kmem rewut^tmf 
(F.) Causes prfdisponanteSf Causes Hoign iss^ ■ 
those which render the body liable to diseisa. 
They may be genera!,, affecting a number of peo- 
ple, or particular, affecting only one peraon. 

Causes, Prin'cipal, (F.) Causes prineipalst 
— those which exert the chief influence on tlM 
production of disease, as distinguished from tht 
accessory causes, e 

Causes, Procatarc'tic, CausiB proeatart^tiem, 
Causa preeineipien'tes, from irpoxaropcrcc*;, 'tht 
origin or beginning of a thing,' (xarapyw, 'I bo* 
gin,' and xpe, * before.') These words have been 
used with different significations. Some hare 
employed them synonymously with predisponent 
or remote causes ; others with occasional or eseil* 
ing causes, 

CAUSE PROCHAINE, C. proximate. 

Cause, Prox'ixatb, Causa prox'ima rel co«f- 
tinens vel conjunc'ta, (F.) Cause eontinenie on pro- 
cAainf, may be the dLsease itself. Superabundant 
of blood, e. g., is the proximate cause of plethora^ 

Causes, Remote, C. predisponent 

Causes, Specif'ic, Essen'tial causes, Ao., (F.) 
Causes spSciJiques, C, essentielles, C. diterminanUef 
those which always produce a determinate dii- 
ease ; special contagion) for example. 

CAUSIS, Bum, Ebullition, Fermentation, In* 
cendium, Ustion. 

CAUSOMA, Inflammation. 

CAUS'TIC, Caus'ticus, Cauteret^icus, Diseretf^ 
icus, Ero'dens, Adu'rens, Urens, Pyrot'ieus, from 
Kaiia, * I bum.' (F.) Ca\utique, Bodies, whieh 
have the property of causticity; and whioh ooii- 
sequcntly, bum or disorganize animal substances. 
The word is also used substantively. The most 
active are called Escharot'ics, Caustics are alao 
termed * corrosives.' 

Caustic Bearer, Porte-pierre. 

CAUSTICA ADUSTIO, Cauterisation. 

CAUSTICITY, Cauetic"itas, from Mvcncei^ 
4hat which burns,' (miw, 'I bum.) The impres- 
sion which caustic bodies make on the organ oC 
taste; or, more commonly, the property whioh 
distinguishes those bodies. 

CAUSTICOPHORUM, Porte-pierre, 

3felan'icum caus'ticum. A sort of paste, made by 
rubbing powdered saffron with concentrated «»• 
phuric acid, recommended by Velpeau as a caos- 
tic in cases of gangrenous and carcinomatous ul- 
cers. The acid is the caustic: the saffron, tht 
constituent merely. 

Causticum Alkalinux, Potassa ftisik— «. Ame- 
ricanum, Veratrum sabadilla — c Antimoniali^ 
Antimonium muriatum. 

Causticum Commu'nS, Poten'tial Cautery, (%«- 
mon Caustic, Caute'rium potentia'li, Lapis sep'- 
ticus, Caus'ticum commu'ni mit'iue. This con- 
sists of quicklime and Idack soap, of each eqnal 

Causticuit ComfiTNX, Potassa IVisa — c Com- 
mune acerrimum, Potassa fiisa — c Commune for> 
tius, Potassa cum caloe — c Lunare, Argenti nitng 
— c. Potentiale, Potassa frisa — c Sdinuin, Po- 
tassa fusa— c Yiennense fuaom Filhoi^ mm Pow- 
der, Vienna. 





CAVSTIQUB FILUOS, see Powder, Viennm. 


CAU6U8, from mw, <I bam.' A highly ar- 
deot fever ; J>eu'r«nM. Pfaiol regarde it M a com- 
plieatioD of bilious and inflammatory feyer; 
JkoBssaiSy as an intense gastritis^ aooompanied 
with bilioQB symptoms. Bee Synocha. 

Causus, EavmxiAL, ow ran Wkst Ihddm, 
Fcver» Yellow — o. Tropieos endemieos, Feyer, 

CAUTER, Canterionu 

CAUTMrB, Canterinm, Fontiealns— «. Inhi- 
rtmt. Inherent cautery. 


GaatereCs ia a boura seyen leagues from Bareges 
fifairtM-Pyr^M/e*,) France. The waters are hy- 
drosalphuroos and thermal — temperature 123° F. 
Thty are used in the same oases as the Bareges 

CAUTBRIASMUS, Canterisation. 

CAUTB'RIUM, CmtUrium actua*li, Cauier, 
Cam'terjf, iHusto'riumf Rupto'rivm, fynU aetua'lu, 
from Kmt^, * I bom.' (F.) Cautkre, Feu aetueL A 
substance, used for 'firing/ burning or disorga- 
aiziag the parts to which it is applied. Cauteries 
were divided by the ancients into cietual and po- 
temtiaL The word is now restricted to the red- 
hot iron ; or to positive burning. It was, for- 
merly, much used for preventing hemorrhs^e 
from divided arteries; and also with the same 
views as a blister. The term Poten'tial Cautery, 
Caute'rium potentia'U, Ignie potentia'lie, {V.)Feu 
poUmtiel, was generally applied to the eaueticum 
vmmume, bat it is now used synonymously with 
eaostic in general. Cautire also means an issue. 

CAUTERrux AcTVALE, Cauterium. 

CAUTBRIZA'TION, Cauteri*a*tio, (huteriat'. 
SMf, Exutttio, luue'tiOf Oaue'tieaAdue'tio, Firing. 
The effect of a cautery. The French, amongst 
whom cauterisation is much used, distinguished 
Ave kinds : 1. OauUrieation InhSrente, which con- 
lifts in applying the actual cautery freely, and 
with a certain degree of force, so as to disorganise 
deeply. 2. Caut4rie<»tion franeeurrente, which 
consists in passing the edge of the Cdutire eulul- 
Unrty or the point of the Cauthre eonique lightly, 
so as not to disorganise deeply. 3. GauiSrUation 
far pa%mte», which consists in applying on the 
skin, here and there, the hot point of the conical 
cautery, with snfllcient force to cauterise the 
whole thickness of the skin. 4. CautSrieaiion 
feuUf Uow eauteriaation, by means of the moza. 
S. OauUrieaium o6;ecfive, which consists in hold- 
ing the cautery at some dbtance from the part 
to be acted upon by it. 

Cau'tsrisk; ChutHeo adurere; (F.) Cau- 
thiter. To apply the cautery. To bum with a 

CAUTERY, Caaterium — e. Potential, Cansti- 
eom commune. 

CAVA, Vulva. 

Cava Vkxa, Vena hepatite*. The hollow or 
deep-seated vein« (F.) Vtine eave, A name 
given to the two great veins of the body, which 
meet at the right auricle of the heart. The vena 
wftt eupe'rior, thorae'^ica vel deeeen'dene, is 
formed by the union of the subdavians ; and re. 
ceivei successively, before its termination at the 
npper part of the right auricle, the inferior %- 
nidj right internal mammary , euperior diapkrag' 
matie, azygoe, Ac* The vena cava in/e^rior, a6- 
domimaUie vel tueen'dene, arises from the union 
of the two prinuiry iliaee, opposite the fourth or 
Sfth lumbar vertebra, receives the middle eacral, 
hmhar, right epermaiic, i^patie, and it^erior dia- 

phragmaiict, and opens at the posterior and !n« 
ferior part of the right anride. 

CAVATIO, Cavity. 

CAVEA, Cavity— c Narium, Karos. 

CAVER'NA, Afifrttm. < A cavern.' This term 
has been used for the female organs of generatioii. 
See Cavity, and Vulva. 

Caybrna Narium, Nares. 

CAVERNS DENTIUM,AlveoUdentium— ^ 
Frontis, Frontal Sinuses. 

CA VEMNEUX, Cavemons. 

CAVERNOUS, Cav9mo*eu»f (F.) Cavemeuah 
Filled with small cavities or caverns, — as a 

Catbrhoub Bodibs, Cor'pora Cavernosa of the 
penis, Cor'pora nervo'ea, C. Ner*veo-epongi</$o 
Penitf (F.) Corpt Cavemeux, The corpus caver- 
nosnm is a kind of cylindrical sac, composed of 
.cells; separated, through its whole extent^ by a 
vertical, incomplete septum. Septum peetini/or'* 
mi, and forming nearly two-thirds of the penis. 
The eorpue eavemoeum, on each side, arises ttom 
the ascending portion of the ischium, and termi- 
nates obtusely behind the glans. The arteriei 
of the corpora cavernosa come from the internal 
pudic. See Helicine Arteries. Nerves are found 
on the suriace of the outer membrane, but they 
do not appear to penetrate the substance, and the 
smooth muscular fibre has been traced into the 
fibrous parietes of the cells, as in the case of all 
erectile tissues. 

J. Miiller's researches have led him to infer, 
that both in man and the horse, the nerves of the 
corpora cavernosa are made up of branches pro- 
ceeding from the organic as well as the anunal 
system, whilst the nerves of animal life alone 
provide the nerves of sensation of the penis. 

Catbrnovb Bodiks, Corpora Oavemoea of thm 
Clitforie, are two hollow crara, forming the clitoris. 

Cavernous Body or the Vaoi'na, Oorpue Ca-^ 
vemo'tum Vagi^na, Plexue retiform'it, is a sub- 
stance composed of blood-vessels and cells, simi- 
lar to those of the penis and clitoris, which covers 
the outer extremity of the vagina, on each side. 
It serves to contract the entrance to the vagina 
during coiUon. 

Cavernous Ganqlion, see Carotid or Carotio 

Cavernous Respira'tion, (F.) When a cavity 
exists in the lungs, and one or more ramifications 
of the bronchia terminate in it, a loud tubal noise 
is emitted, provided the cavity be not filled with 
fluid, which is called eavemoue reepiration. In 
this condition, the cough is eavemoue likewise, 
(F.) Toux Cavemeuee, When the capacity of the 
cavern is very great, the sound of the respiration 
is like that produced by blowing into a decanter, 
with the mouth at a little distance from the neck. 
This kind of cavernous respiration has been called 
ampikorte, from amphora, * a flask ;' (F.) Eetpi- 
ration amphorique, Souffle amphorique, S, mStal' 

The Veiled Puff, (F.) iSbii^ voiU, is a modi- 
fication of the cavernous respiration, in which, 
according to La^nnec, '*a sort of movable veil 
interposed between the excavation and the ear" 
seems to be agitated to and fro. It is a siga 
which is not attended to. 

Cavernous Sinus, Sinue Cavemo'eue, Sinua 
polgmor'phu* sen Bee^taefulum, S, ephenoidalie, 
Jieeepta^ulum eelUb equi'nm laferibue appoe'itmn^ 
(F.) Sinue eavemeux. The Cav'emoue Si*nuee9 
are venous cavities of the dura mater, filled with 
a multitude of reddish, soft filaments, intersect- 
ing each other; and, as it were, reticulated. 
They commence behind the inner part of the 
sphenoid fissure, pass backwards on the sides of 
the fossa pitoitana, and terminate by opening 




into a cxntjf common to the sap«rior and infe- 
rior petroonl sinases. They receire tome menin- 
geal reins, the ophthalmic veins, Ac. The ante- 
rior extremity of each oaTemoos Binns hu been 
Bimed the opKthal'mie tiutu, 

CATBI150U8 TbXTURB Or TlSBUK, (F.) Tistu 
eavcmfux. The spongy sabstance which forms 
the greater part of the penis and clitoris. It 
Items to consist of a very complicated lace-work 
of arteries and veins ; and, probably, of nervous 
filaments, with small fibrous plates, which form 
by their decussation numerous cells communicat- 
ing with each other. This spongy texture pro- 
duces erection, by dilating and swelling on the 
influx of blood ; and probably, also, by virtue of 
•ome property inherent in it. 

CAVIALB, Caviare. 

CAVIARE', Caviar, Cavialc, Kaviae. A culi- 
nary preparation, much used by certain people, 
and made on the shores of the Black and Caspian 
Seas, from the roe of the sturgeon, mixed with 
lidt and other condiments. 

CAVIC'ULA, CavU'la, from eavu9, 'hollow.* 
The ankle or space between the malleolL Some 
have given this name to the os cuneiforme. See 


CA VILLA, Astragalus, Cavieula. 

e. Buccinata, Coohloa— -c. Cochleata, Cochlea. 

Cavitab Digftata Vkntriculi Lateoalis, 
Oomu posterius vcntriculi lateralis. 

Cav'itas Ellip'tica, Ampul'la, Sintu ampul- 
la'eeu*. A dilatation at one end of the semicir- 
oolar canals of the ear. 

Cavitas Huxkri Glevoides, see Glenoid — c. 
Narium, Nares — c. Oculi, Orbit — o. Oris, Mouth 
— e. PulpsB, see Tooth. 

CAVITATES CEREBRI, Ventricles of the 
brain — o. Duree matris, Sinuses of the dura mater 
— c. InnominatSB, Auricles of the heart— c. Inter- 
scapulares, see Interscapularis. 

CA VITJ^, Cavity— c. Ventatrt, Dental cavity— 
c de« £piploon»f see Peritonssum— c. dn Tympany 

CAVITY, Cnv'UaSf Oavumy C<B'I^te», Or/on, 
Ca'cfa, Caver'na, Cava'tio^ (F.) Cavitf. Every 
^ing hollow, as the onwium, mouth, nasal 

fOBSSB, &C. 

Cavities, Splanchnic, (F.) Cavitf* tplnneh- 
niqu€«f are those which contain the viscera. 
They are three in number ; — the cranium, chent, 
and abdomen. The cavities of bones, connected 
witii joints or otherwise, are described under 
their particular denominations. 

CAVUM, Cavity — e. Abdominis, see Abdomen. 

Cavum Cra'nii, Venter Sujtre'mu*. The cavity 
formed by the proper bones of the cranium. 

CAvru Dentis, see Tooth — c. Narium, Nares 
^-0. Oris, Mouth — c. Tympani, Tympanum. 

CAY AN, Phaseolus Creticus. 

CAZABI, Jatropha manihot. 

CEANOTHOS, Cirsium arvense. 

Trinervis, Celastrus. 

CEAR, Heart. 

CEASMA, Fissure. 

CEBl GALLI'Ni£. The Uver of the fowl, 
bruised. — CastelU. 

CEBIP'ARA. A large Brazilian tree, whose 
bitter and astringent bark is used in making anti- 
rheumatic baths and fomentations. 

CECES, see Qnercus alba. 

c£cIT£, CsBoitas. 

CEDAR, RED, Junipems Virginiana. 

CEDEIA, Embalming. 

OEDMA, Anevrinn, Varibc 

CED'M ATA, KtSftara. Rhenmalio pains of tiia 
joints, especially of the hips, groin, or genital 
organs. A form of gout or rheumatism. 

CEDRAT, Citrus medica. 

CEDRELE'UM, from nSf^t, 'the oedar/ and 
(Xaiof, ' oiL' The oil of cedar. — PUny. 

CE'DRIA, Ce'dnum, Ct'drinmn, Cedri loel'. 
rymttf Alkitran, The oil or resin which lows 
from the cedar of Lebanon. It was snpposed ta 
possess great virtues. — Hippocrates, roMsOp 
Scribonius Largus, Dioscorides. It has been 
supposed to be the same as the pyroligneooi 
acid. Sec Pinus Sylvestris. 

CE'DRINUM VINUM, Cedar Wine. A wins 
prepared by steeping half a pound of hmised 
cedar berries in six French pints of sweet wine. 
It is diuretic and subastringent, 

CEDRI'TES, from Ktl^, * the cedar.' A wine 
prepared from the resin of cedar and sweet wine. 
It was formerly employed as a vermiftigey Ae. 

CEDRIUM, Cedria. 

CEDROMELA, see Citrus medica. 

CEDRON, see Simaruba cedron. 

CEDRONELLA, Melissa— e. Triphylla» Dra. 
coccphalum canaricnse. 

CEDROS, Junipems lycia. 

CEDROSTIS, Bryonia alba. 

CEDRUS BACCIFERA, Juniperus sahina— 
c Mahogani, Swcetenia mahoganL 

CEINTUREy Cingulum. Herpes loster. 

ROlDE, Ciliary ligament 

c. de HUdanCf Cingulum Hildani — e. dc Vif Ar^ 
genu Cingulum mcrcurialc. 

CELANDINE, Impaticns — c. Common, Cheli- 
donium m^jus— c. Lesser, Ranunculus ficaria— e. 
Poppy, Stylophorum diphyllum. 

CELAS'TRUS, Celat'tw, Ceano'thw Ameri^ 
ca'nua sou triner'via, New Jersey Tea, lied Root. 
Used by the American Indians, in the same man- 
ner OS lobelia, for the cure of syphilis. It is 
slightly bitter and somewhat astringent. A 
strong infusion of the dried leaves and seeds has 
been recommended in aphthsB, and as a gargle in 

Celartrub Scandenb, Climbing Stafftree. A 
climbing American shrub, the bark of which is 
said to ])os8e8s emetic, diaphoretic, and narcotio 

CELATIONj (F.) Concealment, from ee/ars^ 
'to conceal.' A word used by French medico- 
legal writers for cases where there has been con- 
cealment of pregnancy or delivery. 

CELE, rf7>i7, 'a tumour, protrusion, or mpture;* 
a very common suffix, as in hydrocele, bubono- 
cele. Ac. Sec Hernia. 

CKL'ERY, (F.) CiUri. The English name for 
a variety of Apium graveolen§. 

Crlkry, Wild, Bubon galbannm. 

CELKTA. see Hernial. 

CELIA, Cerevisia. 

cf.LfAQFE, Cocliac 

CELIS, Kr)\iiy * a spot, a stain.' A macula, or 
spot on the skin. 

CELL, Celfa. A small cavity. The same sig- 
nification as cellule. Also, a vesicle composed 
of a membranous eeU-wally with, usually, liquid 
contents. The whole organized body may be re- 
garded as a congeries of cells having different 
endowments, each set being concerned in special 
acts, connected with absorption, nutrition, and 
secretion, wherever an action of selection or ela- 
boration has to bo effected. These cells arc gene- 
rally termed primary, elementary, or primonliaL 
When they give rise to other cells, they are, at 
times, termed parent or mother eelU; the result- 
ing cells being termed daughter eMe, 




Cmu^ AroPLSono, tae ApopI«etie eell — o. 
Brooehie^ C«Ual0y bronchio — o. CUdgeroiUy M6 
Tooth — Q. DaughtMr, see Cell — o. Elementaiy, 

CiLLy Era>BB']rio or Epiteb'lial. The cells 
or eorpoBclea thaX eoyer the free mombranoas ear- 
Ucf of the body, »ad which form the epidermia 
aad •pitbelimiiy are termed * tpuiermic or epiike^ 
Uol eelU.' They are dereloped from germs far« 
aished by the oobjaoent membrane. 

CsLLy Epithklial, Cell, epidermic — c. Fat| 
•ee Fatty yesiclee — c Oerm, Cytoblaet — c Ger- 
minal, see Cytoblaet — e. Nucleated, see Cyto- 

Cbll Litb. The life which is possessed by 
th« Kparate cells that form the Ussues, and by 
which the natrition of the tissues is presumed to 
be effected. 

CcLL, Mother, see Cell— c. Parent, see CelL 

Cbll, Pioxent. Pigment cells are mingled 
with the epidermic cells, and are most manifeBt 
in the coloured races. They are best seen on the 
inoer surface of the choroid of the eye, where 
they form the pigmentum nigrum. 

Cell, pRUCARr, see Cell — c. Primordial, see 

CELL WALL, see Cell. 

CELLA TURCICA, Sella Turcica. 

CELLULA, Cellule. 

CELLULE, see Colon — e. Medullares, see 
Medullary membrane — o. Pulmonales, Cellules 
bronchic, see Pulmo—c. Bronchicae, see Cellule. 

CEL'LULAR, Oeilula'rU, CeUuh'au, (F.) CeU 
hUaire, Composed of cells or cellules, from cella 
or cttiuia, * a cell/ 

Cel'lular Mbk^braite, Memhra'na eeUulo'ta, 
M. CtUtdt»'ri9, — J/, adipo'ga, M. pinguedino'ta, of 
some, Panuic'ulus adipo'tua, — Membrane formed 
of cellular tissue, (F.) Membrane eellulaire. Ge- 
nerally used for the tissue itself. 

Cbl'lular System. The whole of the cellular 
tisrae of the human body. 

Cellular Tissue, Tela cellula*ri», T. eeUu- 
lo'$a, T. Hippoe'rati* eribro'ta, Ethmyphi, reticu- 
Wtedf^iametUovMf lamituUedf crih'ri/orm, poroiUf 
err'ofar, and mueout TYmim, Bettc'ular or cellular 
tub^tamee, Contex'tut eellulo'nu, (F.) Tiuu cellu- 
laire, rftieuU, lamineuXf ertbleux, poreux, ario- 
laify mwpteuxj Ac, is tiie most common of all 
the organic tissues. It contains irregular areoUt 
between the fibres, as well as serum, fat, and the 
adipous tissae. Of the fibres, some are of the 
jrctfow elastic kind ,* but the greater part are of 
the itktte fibrous tissue, and they frequently pre- 
sent the form of broad flat bands, in which no 
distinct fibrous arrangement is perceptible. See 

The cellalRT tissue or texture unites every part 
of the body, determines its shape, and by its 
elartieity and contractility, and by the fluid 
which it contains in its cells, facilitates the mo- 
tion of parts on each other. 

Cellular tissue has been divided by anatomists 
into the external, general or common cellular 
tis«ae — textu$ eellulafrig itUerme'diut sen laxut, 
which does not penetrate the organs, — ^the cellu- 
lar U'xtttre which forms the envelopes of organs 
•-frxtuf cellula'rit ttrietu9, and that which pene- 
trates into the organs, accompanying and enve> 
loping all their parts, — the textut eeUula'ru tti- 

r'tm*, conetituting the basis of all the organs, 
has likewise been termed Textut organ'ieut 
MB parenckjfwm'lU. 
Cbllclab Tissvb of BoiTBB, see CancellL 
CEL'LULB, Cel'luia, diminutive of cetfo, <a 
eavity.' A smaU caviar. (F.) Gtlluie, CellnUa 
tn the sossJl eavitiee between the Uuninss of the 
ceUalar Umu% oorpor» oftvenuMi^ Aa 

Cbllvlbb or Cbllb, Bbobohio, Oel'ltUa Bnmfm 
ckiem sen Pulmona'Utf Port pulmo'numj Fetie'« 
vUa piUmoHoUB. The air-cells of the lungs. See 



CEL'LULOSB, same etymon as CelluU: The 
substance which is left after the action upon any 
kind of vegetable tissue of such solvents as are 
fitted to dissolve out the matter deposited in it! 
cavities and interstices. It has been affirmed^ 
that the tunicated or ascidian mollusca have, in 
their integuments, a considerable quantity of it* 

CELLULOSUS, Cellular. 

CELOLOG^IA, from taiXny <mptnre,' and >^^, 
<a discourse.' The doctrine of hernia. A treatise 
on hernia. 

CELOSO'MUS, from x^Air, 'a rupture,' and 
tfw/i«, * body.' A monster in which the trunk i| 
malformed, and eventration or displacement of 
the viscera exists. 

CELOTES, see Hernial. 

CELOTOM'IA, Krlotom'ioy Celofomy, from 
aiXtif * a rupture,' and rcfivtiv, ' to cut.' An ope* 
ration, formerly employed for the radical cure of 
inguinal hernia ; which consisted, principally, in 
passing a ligature round the hernial sac and sper* 
matio vessels. It necessarily occasioned atrophy 
and loss of the testicle ; and did not secure the 
patient against the return of the disease. The 
intestines were, of oourse, not included in the 
ligature. Also, tiie operation for hernia in gene- 
ral. — Herniotomy, 

CELOT'OMUS, same etymon. Hemioeoimu$* 
A knife used in the operation for hernia. A^jee- 
tively, it means relating to celotomy, like Celo» 

CELSA. A term, used by Paracelsus for » 
cutaneous disease, dependent, according to him, 
on a false or heterogeneous spirit or vapour, con- 
cealed under the integuments, and endeavouring 
to escape. Perhaps the (Usease was Urticaria, 

CELSUS, METHOD OF, see Lithotomy. 

Hackberry, Order, Ulmacess : indigenous, flower- 
ing in May. The bark is said to be anodyne and 
cooling; the berries are sweet and astringent. It 
has been used in dysentery. 

CEMBRO NUTS, see Finns cembra. 

CEMENT. A glutinous substance introduced 
into a carious tooUi to prevent the access of air 
or other extruieous matters. The following ia 
an example: (R. Sandarac. ^; Ma»tieh, ^; 
Suecin, gr. x. jEther, Z] ; Dissolve with the aid 
of heat.) OHermaiere Cement /or the teeth is 
prepared of finely powdered caustic limCy thirteen 
parts ; anhydrous phocphorie acid, twelve parts. 
When introduced into a eariooB tooth, it beeomet 
solid in about two minutes. 


CEMENTUM, see Tooth. 

CENANGIA, Ceneangia. 

CENCHRON, Panieum miliaceom. 

CENDr£, Cineritious. 

CENDRES ORAViL^ES, see Potash— ew 
de Sarment, see Potash. 

CENEAKGrA, Cenangi'a, from ic<vp(, 'empty,' 
and ayyuov, * a vesseL' Inanition. Empty state 
of vessels. — Galen. 

CENEMBATE'SIS, from rcyec^, 'empty,' and 
cfi/3atvw, 'I enter.' Paraoentesis. Also, the ael 
of probing a wound or cavity; Melo'tie*- 


CENIGDAM, Ceniplam. 

CENIGOTAM, Ceniplam. 
. CENIPLAM, Obn^doMy Omifotav^ (Mpo. 




iam. The name of an instrument anciently need 
for opening the head in epilepsy. — Paracelsas. 

CENIPOTAM, Ceniplam. 

CBNO'SIS, from ccypf, 'empty.' Tn^'n*, 
Inethmo9, Evacnation. It is sometimes em- 
ployed synonymously with inanition, and op- 
posed to repletion, — Exinanif'io, 

CENOT'ICA, from Kt¥*Mtt, 'eraouation.' Dis- 
eases affecting the fluids. Morbid discharges or 
excess, deficiency or irregularity of such as are 
natnr^ The fiiet order, dass Oenetica, of Good; 
also, Drastics. 

GENTAU'RBA BEHBN, Serrafula helun, 
Beken abiad, Behen album, Been, White Behen. 
Ord, GentianesB. Astringent 

ClifTAU'itBA Behbdic'ta, Car'duHM bencdic'tMf 
Onieua nlvea'trit, Onieut benedicftutt Oardiobof- 
anum, BUtied or Hol^ ThUtle, (F.) Chardon 
biniL Fam. CynarocephalesB. Sex. Sytt. Syn- 
genesia Polygamia firustranea. A strong decoo- 
tion of the herb is emetic: — a strong infusion, 
diaphoretic ( 7 ) ; a light infusion, tonio and sto- 
machic. Dose, gr. XT to 3J of the powder. 

Cbntau'iwa CALCrrBA'PA, Caleitra'pa, Calea- 
irep'pola, Car*duu» ioUtiHa*lu, Carduut ttella'tut, 
Ja'eea ramont'timOf Caeatrib^uluaf Oaleitraj/pa 
ttella'ia sen hippophattum, Stella' ta nipt'na, 
Oentau'rea etella'ta, Oomwum Star-Thietle, Star- 
Knapweedf (F.) Centaurie itotUe, Chardon etoili, 
Ckau9§etrappef Pignerole, It is possessed of 
tonic properties, and has been given in inter- 
mittents, dyspepsia, Ac. It is not much used. 

Cbntad'rba CBiTTAu'Riulf, Rkapon'tieum vul- 
ffa'rif Centaurium magnum, Oentaurium majut, 
Qreater Cen'taury, Centaurium officina'U, (F.) 
Centaurie grande. It is a bitter; and was for- 
merly used as a tonio, especially the root. 

Cbntau'rea Cr'AKUS, Cy'anue, Blue bottle, 
Com-fiower, (F.) BlaveUe^ BlavMe, Blavirolle. 
The flowers were once much used as a cordial, 
tonic, Ae, They are now forgotten. 

Cbvtaurea Stellata, Centaurea caloitrapa. 

CENTAURIE £tOIL£e, Centaurea calci- 
trapa — c. Grande, Centaurea centaurium — c. Pe- 
tite, Chironia centaurium. 

CEKTAUREUM, Chironi* centaurium. 

CEXTAURIS, Chironia centaurium. 

CENTAURIUM MAGNUM, Centaurea cen- 
taurium — e. Minus rulgare, Chironia centaurium 
-^c. Officinale, Centaurea centaurium — e. Par- 
Tum, Chironia centaurium. 

laris — c Greater, Centaurea centaurium — a Les- 
ser, Chironia centaurium. 

CENTESIS, Paracentesis, Puncture. 

CENTIORAMME, (F.) from eentum^ 'a hun- 
dred,' and yaafifia, 'gramme,' Centigram'ma, 
The hundreatn part of a gramme. A centi- 
gramme is equal to about the fiflh part of a 
French grain, gr. .1643, Troy. 

CENTILITRE, CentiWtra, from e€ntum, <a 
hundred,' and 'kiroa, 'litre.' An ancient Greek 
measure for Uquios : — the hundredth part of a 
litre— equal to nearly 2.7053 fluidrachms. 

CENTIMETRE, Ceniim'eter; the hundredth 
part of a metre — equal to about four lines. 
.3937 English inch. 

CENTIMORBIA, Lysimaohia nommnlaria. 


CENTINODE, Polygonum aTienlare. 

OENTINODIA, Polygonum aTionlare. 


CENTRAD, see Central aspect 

CBNTRADIAPH'ANES, Caiarwfta centra*- 
Ua, from Ktvrpov, 'centre,' e, prirative, and itu- 
femK, ' transparent' Cataract owing to obscurity 
of the central portion of tho oryataUlno. 

CBNTRAL, Cenira'lie, from centrum, 'tiie 
centre.' Relating or appertaining to the centre. 

Cbntbal Ar'tert or thb Rbt'iha, Arte'ria 
Centra' lie Ret'ina, Central Artery of JSinn, 
This artery is giren off fix>m the arteria oph- 
thalmica, and penetrates the optic nerve a little 
behind the b^ of the eye; running in the 
axis of the nenre, and spreading out into many 
small branches upon the inside of the retina. 
When the nerre is cut across near the eye, the 
orifice of the divided artery is observable. This 
was formerly called Ponu 0p*tieu9. 

Cbktral Aspect. An aspect towards the 
centre of an organ. — Barclay. Centrad is used 
by the same writer adverbi^y, to signify 'to> 
wards the central aspect' 

CENTRE OF ACTION. The viscus in which 
the whole or a great part of any Amotion is exe- 
cuted, and to which several other organs contri- 
bute. Thus, the vital activity seems to be wholly 
centred in the stomach, during chymification ; 
in the duodenum, during chylification. In like 
manner, the uterus becomes a centre of action 
during gestation. 

CxKTRX, Epioas'tric. The ganglions and ner- 
vous plexuses, formed by the great sympathetie 
and pneumogastric nerves, in the epigastrium, 
around the coeliac artery ; where the impressions 
received from various parts of the body seem to 
be centred. 

Cemtrb or Flux'iob. The part towards which 
fluids are particularly attracted. An irritated 
organ is said to be a centre of fluxion. 

Centres, Nervous, (F.) Centre* ntrveux* The 
organs, whence the nerves originate ; as the brain 
and spinal marrow. 

Centre, Optic, see Optic centre. 

Centre, Oval, Centrum Ova'le, C. 0, Ttetit**'- 
nii, Tegumen'tum veutrtculo'rum cer'ebri. When 
the two hemispheres of the brain are ^liccd away, 
till on a level with the corpus callosum, the me- 
dullary part in each is of an oval shape : hence 
called centrum ovali minue, (F.) centre medutlaire 
himiephfraL The two centres of the opposite 
sides, together with the corpus callosum, form 
the centrum ovall of Vieue'eene. Vieussens sup- 
posed all the medullary fibres to issue from that 
point, and that it was the great diepeneatory of 
the animal epirite. 

Centre, Phrenic, Ten'dinoue Centre of tU 
DVaphragm, Centrum Phren'icum, C. Ner'veum 
or C. Tendino'eum sen tendin'eum, (F.) Centre 
phrinique ou C, tendineux du Diaphragme. The 
central aponeurosis or cordiform tendon of the 

Centre or Stvpathbt'ic Irradia'tions, (F.) 
Centre d'irradiation* eympathiquee. Any organ 
which excites, sympathetically, the action of 
other organs, more or less distant from it ; and 
with which it seems to have no immediate com- 
munication. — Maij olin. 

Centre, Tendinous, of thb DiAPHSAOVy 
Centre, phrenic. 


CENTRUM, see Vertebra — c Commnne, So- 
lar plexus— c Nerveum, Centre, phrenic— c Op* 
ticum. Optic centre — c. Ovale, Centre, oval — e. 
Ovale minus, see Centre, oval — c. Ovale of Vieus- 
sens, Centre, oval — c Semiciroulare geminum, 
Tssnia semiciroularis — e. Tendinosum, Centre* 

Centrux Vita'lS, Nodue sen jPont viia'lit, 
(F.) Noeud vUaL A term applied, at times, to 
the medulla oblongata ; at others, to the medulla 
oblongata, and the medulla spinalis as far as the 
second cervical nerve of the spinal marrow, is 
any part of whioh a wonnd woidd loem to bo ia* 




■teatiy fiUaL It u the nerroiu oentre of M^i- 
imtion and deglutitioii. 

CfiXTRY, Chironia angalarb. 

CJ5XTUM CAPITA, Sryngium oampestre. 

CENTUMNODIA, Polygonnm aWculare. 

C£PA ASCALONICA, Bulbus eBcnlentat, 
Xehalottfe — o. VictorULiSi AlUmn riotoriale — o. 
Yalgaru, Allium cep*. 

CEP^A, Veronica beocabanga. 


CEPHALJB'A, Headachy (F.) Ciphcdie, from 
mcfok^f * head.' Some use the term synonymously 
vith cephalalgia; others, for a periodical head- 
wiAk ; odiers, again, for a more violent headach 
than cephalalgia implies ; and others for a chronic 
headach. The last was its ancient signification. 

(kpkala'a tpasmod'iea, CephalaVgia gpatmod'- 
iea, C Nautec'mM, Sick-headach, is characterized 
by partial, spasmodic pain; often shifting from 
one part of the head to anoUier: chiefly com- 
■ien<^g in the morning, with sickness and faint- 
ness. It is extremely apt to recur, notwithstand- 
ing every care. 

Ckpbal^a Arthbitica, Cephalagra — o. He- 
nuerania, Hemicrania — e. Nauseosay C. Bpas- 
nodiea — e. Poisatilis, Crotaphe. 

CEPHAL^JUATCKMA, from Mfakn, 'head,' 
and *mtftm, 'blood;' CephaUtmato'ma neonato'rum, 
£ediymt/ma eap'ttis, E. eapitit reeetu nolo'rwm, 
Tkrombut n€onato'rum, Abwctafau* eap'ifU tan* 
guiu'eiu neonatorum, Tumor cap'itit •anguin'eut 
ll«Mia<a'nimy CepkaUtphy'ma, Cranioh^maton'otu. 
A saogaineous tumour, someUmes developed be- 
tween the pericranium and the bones of the head 
of new-bom children. Similar tumours are met 
with occasionally above other bones, and at all 
periods of existence. 

CxpHALiEJfATOMA NioxATOBUV, CcphalsBma- 

CEPHALiB'MIA, Bypera^mia eer'ehri, H. 
Oap'itUf SneepkaloJuB'miaf (F.) Hyper^mie ou 
Congettifm du eerveau, Enofphalohfmief H, eiri- 
hraUf Oongettion cSrkhrale, Accumulation of 
Mood in the vessels of the brain. 

CBPHALAGO'GUS, Cephaladuc'tor, CapUi- 
dt^toTf from u^aXij, 'head,' and aywyoif 'a 
leader, a driver.' An instrument used for draw- 
ing down the foetal head. 

CEPH'ALAGRA, from xf^Xif, 'the head,' and 
wfpOf 'seizure.' CephaUt'a arthrWiea^ Menin- 
gi'ti* artkrifiea. Gout in the head. 

CBPHALAGRA'PHIA, from kc^H 'the 
bead/ and yp^n* 'a description.' An anatomical 
description of the head. 

CBPHALAL'GIA, Cepkalopo'nia, Cepkalo- 
d§n'ia, Eneepkalodyn'iat Homonopa'gia, from 
mB^a>ji, ' the head,' and aXyo(, ' pain ;' EncepJka- 
loggia, JMor Oap'itU, J), eephaffieu9f Soda, Fain 
in tJu head; Headach, (F.) Ce'phalahie, Mai d 
tfte. Every kind of headach, whether symp- 
tomatic or idiopathic, is a cephalalgia. It is 
ordinarily symptomatic, and hae to be treated 

CxPHALAxaiA CoirTAfliosA, Influeiiia — o. In- 
flammatoria, Phrenitis. 

CsPBALALaiA Pkriod'ica, Febfu intermU'tene 
tephatiea larva'ta. Intermittent headacK Head- 
ach which returns periodically; properly, per- 
haps, a form of neuralgia. 

CcFBALALeiA PtTLflATiLis, Orotaphe — 0. Spo«- 
fliodira, see Cephalaaa. 

CEPHALALOG^'IA, from «^Xir, 'the head,' 
and \ey9f, 'a discourse.' An anatomical disser- 
tation on the head. 

laathos occiden talis. 
§hrub, Buitonbuth, White Ball, LittU 

SnovBhaU, Swampwood, Pond Dogwood, Cfkhe^ 
/lower, (F.) CSphalanthe d^Amfrioue, Boie di 
Jfaraie, An ornamental shrub, Nat. Ord. Ru- 
biacese; Sex, Syet, Tetrandria Monogynia, which 
grows all over the United States, near streams 
and ponds, and flowers in July and August. 
The bark of the root has been used as an anti- 
periodic tonic 

CEPHALARTICA, Cephalic remedies. 

CEPHALATOM'IA, Cephalotom'ia, from 
KC^aAv, 'the head,' and rsfofuv, 'to out.' Ana- 
tomy, or dissection, or opening of the head. 


CEPHALIC, CephaPicue, Oapita'lie, from 
Kt^aXtif 'the head.' (F.) C^halique. Relating 
to the head. 

CsPHAx'iC Rbm'bdies, CephaViea vel Capita*'^ 
lia remed'ia, are remedies capable of relieving 
affections of the head, espeoialiy headach: — 

Cbphal'ig VEnr, Vena CmhaViea, Vena Cap'' 
itie, (F.) Fetne cSpheUique, Veine rarfiole eutanit 
of Chaossier. Tne great superficial vein at the 
outer part of the arm and fore-arm. It begina 
on the back of the hand, by a number of radioles|» 
which unite into a single trunk, called the Ceph^ 
alie of the Thumb, CephaViea PoVlieie, (F.) Vein* 
cfphalique du pouce. It ascends along the ante* 
rior and outer part of the fore-arm, where it forms 
the euperfidal radiaL At the fold of the elbow 
it receives the median cephalic, ascends along the 
outer edge of the biceps, and opens into the axil- 
lary vein. The name Cephalic was given to it by 
the ancients, because they thought it had some 
connexion with the head, and that blood-letting 
ought to be performed on it» in head affections. 

Chaussier calls the internal jugular, Veine d* 
phalique, and the primary or oommon oarotid| 
Artire cfphalique* 


CEPH ALI'NE. The bsse or root of the tongue. 
— GorrsBUs, 

CEPHALIS, see Caput 

CEPHALITIS, Phrenitis. 

CEPHALIUM, see Caput 

CEPHALODUCTOR, Cephalagogus. 

CEPHALODYM'IA, Eneephalodym'ia ; from 
Kt^aKfi, 'head,' and ^m, 'I enter into.' A class 
of double monstrosities, in which the heads are 
united. It is divided into two genera, FronUh- 
dym'ia and Bregmaiodym'ia ; in the former the 
union being between the ossa frontis ; in the lai- 
ter between the bregmata. — Cruveilhier. 

CEPHALODYNIA, Cephalalgia. 

CEPHALCBDEMA, Hydrocephalus. 

CEPHALOID, Encephaloid. 

CEPHALOMA, Encephaloid. 


CEPHALOM'ETER, from m^v, 'the head,' 
and /uripoy, ' measure.' An instrument for mea- 
suring the different dimensions of the foetal head, 
during the process of aocouchement A kind oi 

CEPHALOK'OSUS, from cc^oXif, 'the head,' 
and voaoi, ' disease.' This term has been applied 
to the Fehrie Hungar'ica, in which the head was 
much affected. See Fever, Hungaric Others 
have so called any cerebral disease or fever. 

CEPHALOPAGES, Symphyooephalus. 

' the head,' and ^opoyf, ' the pharynx :' belonging 
to Uie head and pharjmx. Winslow has given 
this name to the portion of the eonetrietor pha^ 
rgngie euperior, which is attached, above, to th« 
inferior surface of the basilary process of the of 
ocoipitis. The Ceph'alo^hwrynge'al Apomiemntm 





•if Is ft tbin, fllffons membrane, whieh is stteebed 
to the basilary prooese, and gives insertion to the 
flbres of tiie eo nstri eUtr tuperwr pKaryngU, 

CBPHALOPHTMA, GephalsBmatoma. 

OEPHALOPONIA, Cephalalgia. 


wuUodym'ia ; from Kt^aknf 'head/ ow/ioi 'body/ 
and duw, * I enter into.' A doable monstrosity, 
fas whioh the anion is between the heads and the 
tranks. Of this there are varieties : — for exam- 
ple, In/ra^maxillottertHodym'ia, where the anion 
is with the inferior maxillary bones and sterna; 
and ProMpottemodym'ia, between the faces and 
itema. — Craveilhier. 

CEPHALO-SPINAL, Cephalo-tpina'lU, CepV^ 
ahh-raehid'ianf Centro-»p\nalf Oranio-tpinaL A 
hybrid term, from KtfaXn, 'head/ and fpino, 
< spine/ Belonging to the head and spine. 

Cbph'alo-spinal Fluid, C«phalo-rack%d'ian 
Jluidf Cerebro-tpinal Jluid, Flu*idunt eer'ehro- 
Ufina'lif Subaraekmndean /luid, is an exhaled 
miid, which is fonnd beneath the arachnoid, 
wherever pia mater exists in connexion with the 
brain and spinal cord. It seems to have a pro- 
tecting office, and to keep up a certain degree of 
pressure on the organ, — at least in the spinal 

u^Xiif * head,' 0wpaC, ' the chest,' and anpuv, * to 
rob.' A monster without head or chest. 

CEPHALOTOMIA, Eccephalosis. 

ciPHALOTRIBE, (F.) An instrument in- 
Tented by Baudelocque, the nephew, for crushing 
the head of the fcetus in utero ; from Kt^\rij * the 
head,' and rpi/^M, 'I bruise.' It consists of a 
strong forceps, the blades of which are solid : 16 
lines broad, and 3 tiiick. The handles are per- 
forated at their extremity to receive a screw with 
three threads, the direction of which is very ob- 
lique, so as to allow great rapidity of rotation, 
and the screw is moved by a winch 6 inches long, 
to increase the force of the pressure. The bones 
of the head are easily crushed by it. 

CEPHALOTRIP'ST, Cephalotrtp'tU ; same 
etymon as Cephalotribe. The operation of crush- 
ing the head of the foetus in utero. 


CEPHALOXIA, Torticollis. 

CEPULLA, AlUnm cepa. 

CER, Heart 

low and Whitt Wax, (F.) Cxre Janne et Blanche, 
An animal substance prepared by the bee, and 
by some plants, as the Cerox'ylon and Mvri'ca 
eer^enu Its colour is yellow, and smell like 
that of honey, but both are lost by bleaching. 
It is demulcent and emollient ; is sometimes given 
in the form of emulsion, in diarrhoea and dysen- 
tery, but is chiefly used in cerates and ointments. 

CER^'JB, from Kcpat, ' a horn/ rcpaiai . The 
Cornua of the uterus. — Ruftis of Ephesus. 

CBRAMICE, Cerami'tit, from Ktpaitoi, 'pot- 
ter's earth.' A sort of earth used as a cataplasm 
in peripneumony. — Hippocrates. 

OBRAMIUM, Amphora— -e. Helmlnthoohor- 
tns, Corallina Corsicana. 

CERAMNIUM, Amphora. 

CBRAMURIA, see Urine. 


CERAS, npas, 'genitive,' Kiparof, 'horn/ Cor- 
UN/ also, the Cornea. Henoe, Ceratectomia, 
CenUoceUf Ao. 

CERASION, see Pmnus oerasus. 

GERAS'MA, from Kcpayw/ii, 'to mix:' some- 
thing mixed. A mixture of hot and oold water. 
Metaeera^ma. — Gorrseus. 

0SBASU1I[» see Pnmni owmus. 

CBRABUS AGIDA, Pronns oerasas— e. At1« 
um, Prunns avinum, P. nigra — o. Bulcis, Prunnt 
nigra — c. Hortensis, Pmnus eerasns — c Lanro- 
cerasns, Pmnus lanrocerasns — c. Padus, Prunnt 
padus — 0. Racemosus sylvestris, Pmnus padus 
—e. Rubra, Pmnus cerasus--~c. Berotina, Pmnus 
Virginiana — o. Yirginiana, Pmnus Virginianft — 
c. vulgaris, Pmnus cerasus. 

c£rAT BLANC on DE ALIEN, Ceratum 
Galeni — e. de Blanc de Baleine, Ceratiim cetacei 
— e. de Ooulard, Ceratum plumbi — e. pour /e« 
Livret, Cerate for the lips — e. de Plomb compoti, 
Ceratum plumbi eompositum — c. de Saron, Ce- 
ratum Saponis — e. de Suracitaie de plomb, Cera- 
tum plumbi Buperacetatis. 

CE'RATE, Gera'tum, from K^par, Lat ctr^, 
'wax,' Cerela'um, Cero'ma, Ckro*nium, Cero'tuntf 
Ceratomalag'ma, (F.) CSrat. A composition of 
wax, oil, or lard, without other ingredients. 

Cerate, Simple Cerate, Cera'tum, Cera'him 
simplex. (F.) Cirai Simple. (White wax, ^ir, 
Lard, Jviij.) It is applied as an emollient to 
excoriations, &o. 

Cbbate, Bellbvillb's, see Unguentnm Hy<r 
drargyri nitrico-oxydL 

Cerate of Cal'aihhe, Cera'tvm Calami'na, 
C Calamin, prtgpar., C, Oarbona'tit tinci tm- 

£u'rt, C. Zinei Carbona'tie, Cera'tvm lap'idi* Ca^ 
imina'rie, Cera'tvm epulot'ienm. Cerate of Car- 
bonate of Zinc, Tumer'e Cerate, Healing Salve^ 
(F.) Cfrat de Pierre Calaminaire, C. de Calamine^ 
Calamin., CercB flaviB, £& ^1^, adipie, Ibj. Melt 
the wax and lard together, and, on cooling, add 
the carbonate of sine and stir till cool. — Ph. IF. 6.) 

Cerate of Cakthar'idbs, Cera'tum Canthar^- 
idie, Blieter Ointment, Ointment of Spanith FlieM, 
Unguen'tum ad vesicato'ria, Unguen'tum Pul'vert§ 
Mel'oee veeieato'rii, Ung, epiepae'tieum /or'tiut, 
Cera'tum Lytt<e, (F.) Cirat de Cantharidew^ 
(Spermaceti cerate ^YJ, Cantharidee in povder, 
Xj. The cerate being softened by heat, stir in 
the flies.) This cerate of the European Pharma- 
copoeias is used to keep blisters, issues, Ac, open. 
See Unguentnm LyttsB. For the Cerate of Spa- 
nish flies of the U. 8. Pharmacopoeia, see Em- 
plastrum Lyttse. 

Cerate, Oottlard's, Ceratum Plumbi eompo- 

Cerate, Kirklahd'b NErTRAL. (DiaehyL 
3viij, olive oil Jiv, prepared chalk Jiv : when 
nearly cool, add Acet. d^et. ^ir, plumb. eupercweU 
3iU*) A cooling emollient. 

Cerate or Pom a'tvm for tbk Lips, Cera'tum 
labia'li rvbrum, Pomma'tum ad labia demulcen'- 
da. — Ph. P. (F.) C4rat on Pommade pour 2et 
livree, (Wax 9 parts; oil 16 parts; — coloured 
teith alkanet.) 

Cerate, Lead, Comfovkd, Ceratum plumbi 

Cerate, Marshall's. (Palm oil ^vi. calomel 
^, 9uaar of lead ^ss, ointment of nitrate of met- 

Cerate, Resin, Coitpoukd, Ceratum Resins 
eompositum — o. Savine, Ceratum sabinse — o. 
Soap, Ceratum saponis — c. Spermaceti, Ceratum 
cetacei — o. of Superacetate or sugar of lead, Ce- 
ratum plumbi superacetatis — o. ^mer's, Cerate 
of calaoiine — o. of Carbonate of lino, Cerate of 

CERATECTOM'IA, ft<om repac, 'the cornea,' 
and tKTOftoi, 'cut out' An incision through th« 
cornea. See Ceratotomia. 

CERATIA, Ceratonlum siliqua. 

CERATI'ASIS, from Ktpas, 'hora/ A morbid 
condition characterised by eomeous growths. 

CERATION, Siliqua. 

CERATI'TIS, Kerati'tie, from Ktpag, 'the oor- 
nea,' and itit, ' inflammation.' Inflammation of 




ttie Mni€a» Oerati'tit, Cerak>dei^ti§, Ceraiomenin- 
fi^iU, Carnei't%9f Infiamma'tio eor'uem, 

CKRATIUM, Ceratoniam siliqaa. 

CEK'ATO, in composition, in the names of 
mnAclesy is used for the oornna of the os hyoides ; 
^-«s Cerato-gloesQS. 

CERATOCE'LE, Aquula, Uva'tio, Prominen'- 
tia 0tjr'»e4ff Hernia Cor^nea, Ceratod^oce'Uy from 
ccMC, ' horn/ and nyAir» ' tomonr/ A protrusion 
of the transparent cornea, or rather of the mem- 
Wane of the aqueous humour through an opening 
in the oomea. 

CERATODEiTIS, Ceratitis.