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Entered^ aooording to the Act of Congress^ in the year 1851, by 


in the Office of the Clerk of the District Court of the United States^ in and for the 

Eastern District of PennsjlTania. 

PrinUd b^ T. £. S( P. Q. OoUiiiM. 

• • • 

• • • 
• • •• • 

• t • 

• ••• 

• • 

• • • • 
> • • , • 
• • • 

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^jlia Witk is ^tVitaltl, 





In issuing a Dew edition of his Dictionary the Author has, again, the pleasure 
to express his acknowledgments for the reception it has met with from the profes- 
sion. The last two editions comprised ahout nine thousand subjects and terms not 
contained in the edition immediately preceding, many of which had been introduced 
into medical terminology in consequence of the progress of the science, and others 
had escaped him in the previous reyisions. 

That the author has not suffered his exertions to diminish, in the preparation of 
the present edition, is sufficiently manifested by the fact, that he has added about 
four thousand termSy which are not to be found in the last. These additions 
have necessarily required a great amount of labour, which has been cheerfully be- 
stowed, however, in order that the work might be rendered still more worthy of the 
vast favour which it has experienced. It has been the anxious desire of the author 
to make it a satisfactory and desirable — if not indispensable — lexicon, in which the 
student may search without disappointment for every term that has been legitimated 
in the nomenclature of the science ; and the present very carefully revised, greatly 
enlarged, and accurately printed edition cannot fail to be more extensively useful, 
and to offer stronger claims to the attention of the practitioner and student, than 
any of its predecessors. 


Philjidelpsia, 18 Girard Street. 



The present nndcrtaking was suggested by the frequent complunts^ made by the 
aathor^s pupils, that they were unable to meet with information on numerous topics 
of professional inquiry, — especially of recent introduction, — ^in the medical dictioo- 
aries accessible to them. It may, indeed, be correctly affirmed, that we have no 
dictionary of medical subjects and terms which can be looked upon as adapted to the 
state of the science. In proof of this, the author need but remark, that he has found 
occasion to add several thousand medical terms, which are not to be met with in the 
only medical lexicon at this time in circulation in the country. 

The author's object has not been to make a mere lexicon or dictionary of terms, 
but to afford, under each, a condensed view of its various medical relations, and thus 
to render the work an epitome of the existing condition of medical science. In its 
preparation, he has freely availed himself of the English, French, and Grcrman 
works of the same nature, and has endeavoured to add every subject and term of 
recent introduction, which has fallen under his notice ; yet, with all his care, it will 
doubtless be found that subjects have been omitted. The numerous additions, how- 
ever, which he has made, and his strong desire to be useful, '' by removing rubbish 
and clearing obstructions from the paths through which learning and genius press 
forward to conquest and glory," will, he tiusts, extenuate these and other objections 
that might be urged against the work ; especially when the toil, which every oom« 
piler of a dictionary must endur^, is taken into consideratipn ]^ a t^il lUiifhJias been 
so forcibly depicted by the gre^ "Efigii^^J^exicogpifhcff^ distin* 

giushed SoAUora: 

*Si qaelqa'an a oommii qnelqae crime odienx, 
S'Q a ta< aon pdre, on blasph^mfi los Dieux, 
Qn'U fiuie on Lezioon: s'U est rapplioe an mon^e 
Qui le pnniMe mieox, Je yeox que Ton me tonde." 


Ir the fiimplo synonymy of any term be needed^ a mere reference to the term 
may be sufficient; but if farther information be desired^ it may be obtained under 
the term referred to. For examploi the French word Tronc is said to be synony- 
mous with Trunk, This may be sufficient for the inquirer: should it not, the 
requisite information may be found by turning to Trunk, 





Natural Order. 








Pharmacopoeia of Dublin. 













Ph. P. 



F. or Fah. 


Ph. U. S. 


of the Uni- 



ted States 



of America. 





I. . . .. 

• ^* ••••• • --«- 



« • • * • 

It. V ••- 

.-. IrWv.:: : : 

'l^'ji' \ 

Specific GraTity. 

L. ' • • 

• -Trfftm. 

• Sar. • • • 





Sexual System. 






A, before m consonant; An before * Towel, a, ay, 
feATe, in the compound medical terme, a privative 
or debasing signifl cation, like that of the particles 
in, tfli, un, ir, in English. Thus .* Sthen^a means 
strength; — AtthenVc^ want of strength; — Aha- 
mia, want of blood, Ac Occasionally, in com- 
pound words, they have an intensive meaning. 

AACHEN, AU-la-ChapeUe. 

A, or A*. Bee Abbreviation. 

AARZHiL, Mineral waters of. a. 

is in the canton of Berne in Switxerland. The 
chief spring contains chlorides of' calciam and 
B<»diam, sulphates of lime and soda, ozyd of iron, 
and Bulphohydrio acid gas. 

AASMUS, Anhelatio. 

fnlphuretted saline spring, not far from Ratisbon 
or Regentsberg in BavarU. 

ABAJSSEMENT, Depression: m« Cataraot— 
«. de la Matrictt Prolapsus uterL 

pressor aim nasi — a. de Vangle d€9 Ihfrtt, De- 
fresaor anguli oris — a. de la Uvrt infirieurt, 
^eprMsor Tabii inferioris — a. de la maehoire in- 
ffriemret Digastrions — a. de raeil, Rectus inferior 


ABALIENA'TUS. Cormp'hu, Corrupted; from 
ah, and aiienuMj * different.' Memhra ahaUema'ia. 
Limbs dead or benumbed. — CeUus, Scribonius 

ABANGA. Name given by the inhabitants of 
8t Thomas to the fruit of a palm tree, the seeds 
of which tiiey consider very useful in diseases of 
the chest, in the dose of three or, four, two or 
three times a day. ,, ;, , 

ABAPTIST'A. AhaptiUonQTAh<^^^ns,t^o^ 
a, privative, and fi*wri(u9, 'to plunge/- X^term 
applied to the old trepan, the conical shape of 
which prevented it from plunging suddenly into 
the cavity of the cranium. 


ABAPTISTUM, Abaptista. 

ABAREMO-TEMO. A Brasilian tree, whieh 
grows in the mountains, and i^peavs to be a 
mimosa Piso relates that the decoction of its 
bark, which is bitter and astringent, was applied 
in that oonntnr, to ulcers of a bad character. 

ABARNAHAS, Magnesia. 

ABARTICULATIO, Diarthrofis and Synar- 

ASATTEMENT, Prostration* 
ABATTIS, Oibleta. 

chalybeate spring, six leagues from Paris, and 
one from Poissy. It was once much fr«quentedf 
but is now abandoned. 

acidulous chalybeate at Abbeville, in the depart* 
ment of Somme, France. 

ABBREVIA'TION, Ahhrevia'tio, Braeh^n'eie, 
Brachye'moe, Abhreviatu'reu (F.) Abrhnaiion, 
from orevie, 'short.' Abbreviations are chiefly 
used in medicinal formulsB. They are by no 
means as frequently employed now as of old, when 
every article had its appropriate symbol. The 
chief abbreviations now adopted are Uie following : 

B. Recipe, Take. 

A. 17, ANA, {ava) irfriiMfiM, of each. 
Abdoh. Ahdomwn, 

Ab8. Fbbr. Abeente/ehre, In the absence of fever* 
An. or Ann. Adde or addatur. 
Ad Lib. Ad libitum, At pleasure. 
Anvov. Admotfeatur, Let it be applied. 
Altbrn. Hob. Altemie korie. Every other hoar. 
Alv. AnsTBiOT. Alvo adetrietd. The bowels be- 
ing confined. 
Aq. AquOf Water. 

Aq. Comf. Aqua co s M mm ts, Common water* 
Aq. Font. Aqua/ontie, Spring water. 
Aq. Bull. AquQ buUiene, BoiUng water. 
Aq. Fbrv. Aqua/ertene, Hot water. 
Aq. Mabot. Aqwi marina, Sea water. 

B. A. Balneum arena, A sand-bath. 
Bals. BaUamufn, Balsam. 

BB. BBD6. Barbadeneie, Barbadoei. 

Bib. Bibe, Drink. 

Bis am). Bie indite, Twicp.di^yv 

B. M. BMeunihiriMAnCt'n^JbU bath. 

' BoKBouV'^:'. *.• :•. : 

"Bvtx.'BUauU,TkMihoa: * 
But. Buiyrum, Butter. 

B. V. Balneum vaporie, A vapour-bath. 
Cjbrul. Caruleue, Bluew 

Cap. Capiat, Let him take. 

C. C. Cfamu eervi. Hartshorn. 

C. C. U. Oomu eervi uetum, Sumt harlahon* 

C. M. Oraa eiand. To-morrow morning. 

C. N. Cfrtu nocte. To-morrow night 

C. V. Orae veepere, To-morrow evening. 

CocHL. Ooehleart, A spoonfU. 

Cochl. Ampl. Oockleart amplmn, A laif* 

CochIm Imp. Ooehleart infantum, A chfld't 

CocHii. Mod. or Mbd. ObeMsare wo d i e^ Bi «r 
wtedium, A dessert-spoonfU. 





CocBL. Part. Chchfeareparvum, A tfea-spoonfuL 
Col. Cola, and Colatura, Strain, %nd to the 

CoMP. ComptmttM, Compound. 
CoNF. Con/ectiOf Confection. 
Cons. Conserva, Conserve. 
CoNT. Continuetur, Lot it b« oonUnned. 
CoQ. Coque, Boil. 
CoBT. dorteXf Bark. 
CuAST. Crattinutf For to-morrow. 
Ccj. CujuMf Of which. 
CujcsL. Otijuslibet, Of any. 
CrATn. Otfathu»f A glassfUL 
CrATH. TnuM, A cup of tea. 
D. Dofitf A do80. 

D. et S. Detur et 9ignetur, (placed at the end 
9/ a prescription. ) 
D. D. Dftur adf Let it be given in or to. 
D. D. ViTB. Detur ad vitrum. Let it be given 
in a glass. 

Deaur. Pil. Deaurentur pilul<B, Let the pills 
be gilded. 

Deb. Sriss. Dehita epieeitudo, A due consist- 
Deo. Decantttf Pour off. 
Decitb. Decubituif Lying down, going to bed. 
Db D. in D. De die in diem. From day to day. 
Dej. Alv. Dejectione$ alvi, Alvine evacui^ons. 
Dbp. DepurattUf Purified. 
Dbt. Detur, Let it be given. 
DiEB. Altern. Diebusaltemis, Every other day. 
DiEB. Tert. Diebue tertiie. Every third day. 
Dio. Digeraturf Let it be digested. 
DiL. DUutue, Dilute. 
Dim. Dimidiue, One-haUl 
DiST. Dietilla, DistiL 
Div. Divide, Divide. 

DoNEC Aly. Solut. Fueb. Donee altue tduta 
/uerit, Until the bowels are opened. 
Dkach. Drachma, A draohm. 
Ejusd. Ejuedem, Of the same. 
Eneh. Enema, A clyster. 
Exhib. Exhibeatur, Let it be exhibited. 
Ext. super Alut. Extende evper cUutam, Spread 
upon leather. 
F. Fiat, Let it be made. 
F. Pil. Fiat pilula, Make into a pill. 
F. Ven^s. or F. VS. Fiat venmeeetio, Let bleed- 
ing be performed. 

Feb. Dvr. Febre durante. The fever continuing. 
Feh. Intern. Femoribue intemie, To the inside 
of the thighs. 

Fist. Arm at. Fittula armata, A bag and pipe, 
a clyster pipe and bladder fitted for use. 
Fl. Fluidut, and Floret, Fluid, and Flowers. 
Frust. FruetiUatim, In small pieces. 
Gel. Quayis, Oelatind qudvie. In any kind 
of jelly. 
O. G. G. Oj^mi^i giftta^ Oan^na^QBmho^^ 
Gr. Granuniy^}snii^\ !*••*•• 

Brr, Outta, ^ ^f** **.•*» J* • ' 

Gtt. or Gutt. Quibubd. Guttft quibAddi0,'WiiiL 
tome drops. 

GuH. Gummi, Gum. 

GuTTAT. Outtatim, By drops. 

HoR. Decub. Hord decubitfU, At bed-time. 

Hor. Intebm. Horia intermediie, At interme- 
diate hours. 

H. S. Hord eomni. At bed-time. 

Inf. In/nnde, Infuse. 

Ind. Indiee, Daily. 

Inj. Enem. Infieiatur enema. Let a clyster be 

In Pulx. In pulmento. In grueL 

Jul. Julepue, A julep. 

Lat. Dol. Lateri dolenti. To tiie pained side. 

Lb. and Lib. Libra, A pound weight. 

Ijb. Llb, Libra, Pounds. 

LiQ. Liquor, 

M. Mitce, Mix. 

Mac. Macera^ Macerate. 

Man. Manipulu9f A handful. 

Man. Prim. Man^ primo, Early in the morning. 

Mic. Pan. Jfiea pai^ih Crumb of bread. 

MiN. Minimum, The 6(Hih part of a drachm by 

Mitt. Mitte, Send. 

Mitt. Sano. Mittatur tanguie. Let blood be 

Mod. Prjescript. Modo praeeripto, In the 
manner directed. 

MoR. Sol. 3fore eolito, In the usual manner. 

Muc. Ifucilago, Mucilage. 

N. M. Xux moeehata. Nutmeg. 

0. Octariue, A pint. 

01. Oleum, Oil. 

Ol. Lini, S. L Oleum lint eine igne. Cold-drawn 
linseed oil. 

Omn. Bid. Omni biduo. Every two days. 

Omn. Bin. Omni bihorio, Every two hours. 

Omn. IIor. Omni hord, Every hour. 

Omn. Man. Omni mani, Every morning. 

Omn. Nocte, Every nighL 

Omn. Qdadr. Hor. Omni quadrante hormf 
Every quarter of an hour. 

0. 0. 0. Oleum oliv<B optimum. Best olive oiL 

Ov. Ovum, An egg. 

Ox. Oxymel. 

Oz. Uncia, An ounce. 

P. Pondcre, By weight. 

P. and Puo. Pugillue, A pugil. 

P. M. Partes csqtialee, Equal parts. 

Part. Vic. Partitie vicibue, In divided doses. 

Peract. Op. Emet. Peraetd operatione emeticif 
The operation of the emetic being over. 

Pil. Pilula, A pilL 

Post Sino. Sed. Liq. Poet eingulae tedm 
liquidae, After every liquid evacuation. 

Pot. Potio, A potion. 

P. P. Pulvie patrum, Jesuits' bark. 

P. Rat. JBtat. Pro ratione atatie. According 
to the age. 

P. R. N. Pro re natd. As occasion may be. 

PuLV. Pulvie, A powder. 

Q. P. Quantum placeat, As much as may please. 

Q. S. Quantum euffieiat, As much as is sufficient. 

QuoR. Quorum, Of which. 

Q. V. Quantum voluerie. As much as you wish. 

Bad. Radix, Root 

Ras. Rfuurat, Shavings. 

Rbct. Rectijicatue, Rectified. 

Red. or Redig. in Pult. Redaettte in pulv^ 
rem, or Redigatur in Pulverem, Powdered, or Let 
it be powdered. 

Reo. Umbil. Regio umbiliei, The umbilical re- 

Repet. Repetatur, Let it be repeated. 
\ I S Am'JSecuildum artem. According to art. 
;«'8)ei^.. Seme^ Seed. 
* SiBlri-irR! iS^mi-drachma, Half a drachm. 

Semi-h. Semi-hora, Half an hour. 

Srry. Serva, Keep, preserve 

Sesquih. Seequihora, An hour and a half. 

Srsunc. Seeuncia, An ounce and a half. 

Si Non Val. Si non vnleat. If it does not answer. 

Si Op. Sit. Si opu$ tit. If there be need. 

Si Vir. Perm. Si vireepermittant. If thestrengUi 
will permit 

SoLV. Solve, Dissolve. 

Sp. and Spir. Spiritue, Spirit 

Ss. Semi, One half. 

St. Stet, Let it stand. 

Sub Fin. Coct. Sub finem coetionie, Towards 
the end of the boiling. 

Sum. Sumat, Let him take; also, Smwunitaittf 
The tops. 

• . I • 





B. y . Sp%r%tu9 vim, Spirit of wioa. 

8. V. B. Spiritut vini rtetificatut, 
spirit of wine. 

6, V. T. J^rilm9 vini temttor, Proof spiril of 

Stb. SsfrupuM, Symp. 

Tmf. Dkxt. T^mpori dsxiro, To the right 

T. 0. Tinetura opii, Tinetnre of opiniii. 

Tb., Tra. ftnd TiMCT. Tinctmra, Tinotnro. 

Tut. TrUwra, Tritar»to. 

Y. 0. S. or Vn. Or. Sol. VitaOo om tofalii*, 
DisBoWed in the yolk of an egg. 

VS. Vena§tctio, Yeneteotion. 

Z. Z. Anciently myrrh: now mmibtr or ginger. 

lb. Libra, A pound. 

J, ITneto, An ounce. 

^, i>roe&ma, A drachm. 
\, Sentpulmm, A semplo. 
ift««flM»m, A minim. 

u, Semimis, or half; iss, one and a haiL 

j, one; g, two; i^, three; iy, four, Ac 

The same eyetem is not always followed in ab- 
brcTiating. The sol^oined will exhibit the osoal 


In/n». Oolomh, ts^ 

TincU OtnL e. f ^l 

Syr, OorU Auruaii, ' t^n 

TiueL eap§m gtt. zL M. 

Capt. coeh. ^. p. r. n. 
This, written at length, is as follows: 


In/u§i Ooltmha sesqni-flnidnneiam. 
Tifteturtg Geniiam^ Oompont^ flnidraohmam. 
Syry^ (hrtieia Awramiiorvm semi-floidraeh- 

i Tineturm Capaici gattu qnadraginta. 

' liisoe. 

Capiat ooohlearia dno pro re natft. 

AB0S8, Absoess— <k Aign, see Abs ce ss a, 
Okaud, see Absc es s a . Okroniqm; see Abscess — 
a. Par congution, see Abscess — a. Dia^inqu4, 
see Abscess— a. Froid, see Abscess — a. Mita»ta- 
tiq¥09 see Absee s s a. Sero/uUux, see Abscess — 
a. Somdain, see Abscess. 

ABDO'MEN, from abdere, <to eoneefll/— 
Stnm, Hypoga^trion, Hgpoeafliuwi, Epit^ekum, 
Lap'ara, Bypoekoi'lion, Oatttr, Hypouftrum, 
Jiedy$, Abdu'mfen, Venter, Venter imut, Venter 
in'fimme, Aleut, ITterue, The hdly, (F.) Ventrt, 
F. infirieur, Baa ventre. The largest of the 
three splanchnic caTities, bounded, above, by the 
diaphragm; below, by the pelris; behind, by the 
lumbar Tertebrss; and at the sides and fore part, 
by muscular ezimnsions. It is distinguished into 
three anterior regions, from above to below; vis. 
the epigastric, umbilical, and hypogastric, each 
of which is itself divided into three others, one 
middle^ and two lateral: thus, the epigeu^rie re- 
gion comprises the «p^<MtrtflMi and AypocAoa- 
dria; the wmbiUeai, the wmhiliene and fianke or 
Utmhar regioneg and the kgpooaetrie, the hgpo- 
goMtriem and iUac regione. None of these re- 
gions has its limits well defined. The chief vis- 
eera conteined in the cavity of the abdomen, 
Ca^lia, Oavmm Abdont,'imie, are the stomach. In- 
testines, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, Ao. It 
la lined by the peritoneum. 

Abdoxut, PnimnLOirs, Physoonia. 

ABDOM'IKAL, A6<lomtfia'lM, Ventra'lie,Ym- 
tmL That which belongs to the Abdomen, as 
mibdominal vtmeelee, abdominal vieeera, Ac 


ABDOMmiSCOPOA, Oaetroeoop^ia, A by- 
hrid word, ftx>m Abdomten, 'the lower belly,' and 
t, <l view/ iK^aroeoop^ia, Abdom'imie Ex^ 

phra'tio. Sxaminatlon of the lower belly as s 
means of diagnosis. See Auscultation. 

ABDUCBNS LABIOBUM, Levator anguli 

ABDUOEKTES, Motor ocnli extemus. 

ABDUCTEUB DE L*(EIL, Bectus extemus 
oculi — a. de Voreille, Abductor anris — a. du groe 
ortetl. Abductor pollicis pedis — a, du petit orteil, 
Abductor minimi digiti pedis— 4X, court du pouee, 
Abductor pollicis brevis — a. long du pouce, Ab- 
ductor longns pollicis. 

ABDUCTION, Ahduc'tio, from abdueere, to 
separate, {ab and dueere, 'to lead.') The move- 
ment which separates a limb or other part from 
the axis of the body. 

The word has also been used synonymously 
with Abrup'tio, Apag'ma, Apoclae'ma, a fracture 
near the articular extremity of a bone, with sepa- 
ration of the fragments. 

ABDUG'TOB, same etymon. (F.) Abducteur. 
A muscle which moves certun parts by separat- 
ing Uiem from the axis of the body. 

Abdvctob AuieicvLi.Ri8, Abductor auria — a. 
Indicis pedis. Prior indicia pedis, Posterior indicis 
pedis — a. Medii digiti pedis, Prior medii digiti 
pedis — a. Minimi digiti. Flexor parvus minimi 
digiti — a. Minimi digiti. Prior minimi digiti — a. 
Oculi, Bectas extemus oculi— «. Pollicis maniis, 
and a. Brevis alter, Abductor pollicis brevis. 

Abdvctob Aubis, Abductor aurieula'ri§, (F.) 
Abdueteur de VoreiUe. A portion of the poeterior 
nuria, whose existence is not constant, which 
passes from the mastoid process to the concha. 

Abductob Lf'niCiS, Semi-interoa'teut in'dicia, 
A muscle which arises from the os trapezium and 
metacarpal bone of the thumb, and is inserted 
into the first bone of the forefinger. Its use is to 
bring the forefinger towards the thumb. 

Abductob Min'ixi Dzo^iti, Oarpo-phalan'geua 
min'imi digiti, Carpo-pkalangxen du petit doigt, 
Exten'aor ter'tii intemo'dii minimi digiti — (Dou- 
glas.) Hypoih'enar minor metacarpeua. See 
Flexor parvus. It originates fleshy from the os 
pisiforme, and from ^e annular ligament near 
it: and is inserted, tendinous, into the inner side 
of Uie base of the first bone of the little finger. 
Uae, to draw the little finger from the rest 

Abductob Miimci Digiti Pedis, Calco-auh- 
phcUangeua minimi digiti, Calcaneo-pbalangien 
du petit orteil, ParatVenar major — (By mns- 
low, the muscle is divided into two portions, — 
Parathenar major and metataraeua.) Oalcaneo^ 
aona-phcdangien du petit orteil — (Gh.) (F.) Ab' 
dudeur du petit orteil. This muscle forms the 
outer margin of the sole of the foot, and is im- 
mediately beneaUi the plantar aponeurosis. It 
arises, tendinous and fleshy, from the outer side 
of the protuberance of the os calcis,, and from 
the root of the metatarsal bone of the litUe toe, 
and is inserted into the outer part of the root 
of the flrst bone of the little toe Uae, to draw 
the little toe outwards. 

Abductob Pol'licis Bbxyis, Ahductor Polll' 
eia Mant^, Seapho-carpo-auper-pkalangeua PoiU 
lieia, Sua-pkalangien du pouee. A, pollieia tnaaue 
and A. brevia alter — (Albinus.) (F.) Abdueteur 
court du pouee, Oarpo-aua-phalangten du pouee^^- 
(Ch.) A short, flat, triangular muscle, which arises 
from the anterior surface of the os seaphoides and 
the annular ligament of the carpus, and termi- 
nates at the outside of the upper extremity of 
the flrst phalanx of the thumb. A particular 
portion, on the inner side of this mnsde, ii 
called, by Albinus, Abductor brevia alter, 

Abductob Lonoub Pollicis, A, I, P. ManCa, 
Bactenaor oaaia metaearpi pollieia man(U, Extenaor 
primi intemodii — (Douglas,) Extenaor primua 
PoUieia, Oubito-radi-aua'n^aearpie^ du poueai^ 




Ouhito-nu^nitaearpien du jxntce,— (Ch.) (F.) 
Ahdueteur long du pouee, A long, thin mascle, 
•rising from the posterior surface of the ulna, 
radiasy and interossoons ligament, and inserted 
at the outer side of the upper extremity of the 
first metacarpal bone. 

Adductor Pollicis Pedis, Caleo-wh-phalan- 
geu§ Pol' licit, (F.) Abdueteur du grot orttiL 
This muscle arises, fleshy, from the anterior and 
inner part of the protuberance of the os caleis, 
and tendinous from the same bone where it joins 
trith the os naviculare. It is inserted, tendinous, 
into the internal os sesamoideum and root of the 
first bono of the great toe. Ute, to pull the great 
toe from the rest. 

The name Abductor has been given also to all 
those interosseous muscles of the hand and foot, 
which perform the motion of abduction on the 
fingers or toes, and to muscles which execute the 
lame function on other parts of the body. 
ABDUMEN, Abdomen. 
ABEBiB'OS, from a, neg. and fiifiatos, 'firm/ 
In/ir'mutf Deb'iUt, Weak, infirm, unsteady. 
ABElLLEf Bee. 

ABELMELUCH. One of the names of the Rici- 
nus, according to some authors. — Prosper Alpinus 
■ays that a tree, which grows about Mecca, is so 
called. Its seeds, which are black and oblong, 
are said to be a most yiolent cathartic. 

ABELMOSCUUS, Hibiscus abehnoschua— a. 
Mosehatua, Ilibiscus abelmoschus. 
ABELMUSK, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 
is a city of Bayaria, where there is a cold, sul- 
phureous spring. 

ABERRATIO, Aberration— a. Lactis, Galac- 
toplania — a. Mensium, Menstruation, Ticarious — 
a. Menstruorum, Menstruation, vicarious. 

ABERRA'TION, Abcrra'tio, from aberrarc, 
(ab and errare,) 'to stray,' 'to wander from.' 
This word has several meanings. 

1. The passage of a fluid of the living body 
into an order of vessels not destined for it. Jii 
this sense it is synonymous with the Error Loci 
of Boerhaave. 

2. The flow of a fluid towards an organ different 
from that to which it is ordinarily directed ; as in 
oases of vicarious hemorrhage. Aberrationt of 
9ent€ or judgment are certain enrors in the percep- 
tions, or certain derangements of the intellectual 

The word is used in optics to designate the dis- 
persion of the rays of light in passing through a 

Absbratiov, Chbomatio, Aberration of Re- 

ABXRBATioir or RsrBAvaiBiL'xTT, OhromtU'ic 
aberra'tionf exists, when, as in a common lens, 
the rays that pass near the cireumferenoe of the 
lens are decomposed, so that a coloured image is 
observed. This aberration in the human eye is 
corrected by the Iris, which does not permit the 
rays to fiill near the circumference of Uie lens, 
and also by the crystalline lens itself, which, 
owing to its structure, serves the purposes of an 
achromatic glass. 

Abebratioh, Sphbbical, Aberration of sphe- 

Abebration or 6PHEBio"rrT or tpker'teal ab- 
erraUion takes place, when the rays, as in a com- 
mon lens, which pass through the centre of the 
lensj and those which pass near the circumfer- 
ence, are unequally refracted, so that they do not 
meet at a common focus. 

This aberration of sphericity in the human eye 
Is corrected by the iris. 

ABESSI, Realgar. 

ABEVACUA'TIO, Apoc^no'tit, from ab, and 

evacuare, 'to>mpty.' An evacuation. A partial 
or imperfect eTacuation. By some it is applied 
to an immoderate eTacuation. — Kraus. 

ABHAL. A fruit well known in India, and 
obtained from a species of cypress. It passes for 
an emmenagogue. 

ABIE8, Pinus picea — a. Balsamea, Pinus bal* 

Abies Balsamitera, Pinus balsamea — a. Ca* 
nadensis, Pinus Canadensis — a. Exceba, see Pinus 
abies — a. Gallica, Pinus picea — a. Larix, Pinus 
larix — a. Pectinata, Pinus picea — a. Picea, Pinus 
picea — a. Rubra, Pinus rubra. 
ABIGA, Teucrium Chamaepitys. 
ABIOTOS, Conium macnlatum. 
ABIRRITA'TION. il6irri«a'tio,from ab, priva- 
tive, and irritattOf 'irritation.' This word strictly 
means absence or defect of irritation. The disci- 
ples of Broussais used it to indicate a pathological 
condition, opposite to that of irritation. It may 
be considerMl as synonymous with debility, 
asthenia, Ac. 
ABLASTES, Sterile. 
ABLATIO, Extirpation. 
ABLEPH'ARUS, from a, privative, and fiXt- 
^apov, ' eyelid.' One who has no eyelids. 
ABLEPSIA, Cscitas. 
ABLUENTIA, Detergents. 
ABLU'TION, Ablu'tio, Aponip'tit, Cataclyt*- 
mut, from abluere, {ab and otere,) ' to wa^h.' A 
name given to legal ceremonies in which the 
body is subjected to particular affusions. Ablution 
(especially of the extremities) with cold or tepid 
water is employed, therapeutically, to reduce 
febrile heat Also, the washing by which medi- 
cines are separated from the extraneous matters 
mixed with them. 
ABNORMAL, Abnormons. 
ABNORMITY, Anomalia. 
ABNOR'MOUS, Abnor'mal, (F.) Anormal, 
ttom abf 'from,' wad norma, 'rule.' Not con 
fimnable to rule ; irregular. 

ABOLI^TION, AboW'tio, destruction or sup« 
pression, from ab and lucre (?) 'to wash.' A 
word, often employed, especially by the French, 
to express the complete suspension of any 8ymp« 
tom or frinction. Abolition of the tight, e. g. is 
the complete loss of sight. 

ABOMA'SUS, Aboma'tum, Enyt'tron, Rennet, 
The lowermost or fourth stomach of ruminating 
ABONDANCE, Plethora. 
ABORSIO, Abortion. 
ABORSUS, Abortion. 
ABORTIF, Abortive/ 
ABORTION, Abor'(ut, Abor^eut, Abor'tio, 2>ya« 
to'eta aborti'va, Otnoto'cia, Paraey^tit abortitt, 
Amblo'tit, AmbU/ma, Ainblot*mut, Ee'bole, Em- 
bryoto^ia, JHapk'thora, Eetro'tit, Exambh'maf 
Examblo'tit, Ectrot^mot, Apopalle'tit, Apopal'titf 
Apoph'thora, Pktkora, Convul'tio u*teA, DtpeT" 
di'tio, ( F. ) AvortementyBletture, Miscarriage, from 
ah and oriri, ' to rise,' applied to that which has 
ariten out of season. The expulsion of the foetus 
before the seventh month of utero-geatation, or 
before it is viable. The causea of this accident 
are referrible either to the mother, and particu- 
larly to the uterua ; or to the foetus and its de- 
pendencies. The causes, in the mother, may be : 
—extreme nervous susceptibility, great debility, 
plethora ; hnlty conformation, Ac. ; and it is fre- 
quently induced immediately by intense mental 
emotion, violent exercise, Ac The causes seated 




Ib the foBtos are its death, rapture of (be mem- 
branes, Ae. It most freqaentlj oecurs between 
the 8tli and 12tli weeks of gestation. The symp- 
tomi of abortion are : — aterine hemorrbage with 
tr without flakes of deeidua, with intermitting 
{>ain. When abortion has onoe taken place, it is 
extremely apt to reeur in sabseqnent pregnancies 
about the same period. Some writers haye caRed 
abortion, when it oocnrs prior to three months, 
EJimxiom, The treatment mnstTarj according to 
the eonsdtntion of the patient and the caases gir- 
ing rise to it. In all eases, the horisontal posture 
and perfiBct qoietade are indispensable. 

Abortion is likewise applied to the product of 
an untimely birth, — Abor'tus, Abor'nu, ApcbW- 
ma,Apoh*olif Eeblo'nM, Amhlothrid'iony Ectro'ma, 
Fntc'tua iwmuUv^rut, Ahortment, (F.) AvortoUf 

TO ABORT, Ahorx'ri. To miscarry. (P. )Afmrter. 

ABOR'TIVB, Ahort\*9UM, EcboViut, Amblo'H- 
evs, Amblotkrid'iumf Ambol'teti*, Phthor'ivt, Apo- 
pkikor'iHa, Eetrot'icuSf Aborti/a'^'entf Acyte*- 
riu; ErpefletUf Phthiroc'tonfUf Plithoroc' tontu, 
Ecbol'icut, Gontrac'tor u'terif AcceUra'tor Part&Sf 
Partmrtent, Parturi/a'cient, Eebolic. (F.) Abor- 
tif. A medicine to which is attributed the pro- 
perty of causing abortion. There is probably 
no <Urect a^ent of the kind. 

ABORTMENT, Abortion, 

ABORTUS, Abortion. 

ABOUCHEMENTy Anastomosis. 

ABOULAZA, a tree of Madagascar, used, ae- 
cording to Flaoourt, in the practice of the coun- 
try, in diseases of the heart 


AfiRABAX, Abraaax, Abrrtxas, A mystic 
term, expressing the number 365, to which the 
Cabolistfl attributed miraculous properties. 

ABRACADA'BRA : the name of a Syrian 
Idol, according to Selden. This word, when 
pronounced and repeated in a certain form and 
a certain number of times, was supposed to have 
the power of curing fevers and preventing many 
diseases. It was figured on amulets and worn 
ao^ended around the neck. 

3 X 1 X 3 "^ X 

X 1 X a 1 X 

1 X 3 1 X 

X a 1 X 

J -IX 

1 X 


ABRACALAN, A eabalistlo term to which the 
Jews attributed the same virtue as to the word 

ABRASAX, Abrabax. 

ABRA'SIOK, Abra*9io, Apottyr'ma, Apoxyt^- 
flfM4, from ttbradtrtf (ab and radere,) 'to rasp.' 
A supevfleial excoriation, with loss of substance, 
under the form of small thred*^ in the mucous 
membrane of the IntMtines, — (F.) Raeluret den 
Boyaitx, Also, an ulceration of the skin, pos- 
■e^sing similar characters. According to Vicq 
d'Asyr, the word has been used for the absorp- 
tion of the molecules composing the various 

ABRATHAK, Artemisia abrotanum. 

ABRAXAS, Abrabax. 

ABR^VTATION, Abbreviation. 

ABE WOT, Prunns Armeniaca. 

ABROSIA, Abstinence. 

ABEOIANUAf, Artemiaia abrotaniim— a. 

Cathsnm, Artemisia abrotanum — a. Mas, Arte- 
misia abrotanum. 

ABROTONI'TBS, (oivof, 'wine,' understood.) 
Wine impregnated with Artemisia Abrotanum or 

ABROTOXUM, Artemisia AbroUnum. 

ABRUPTIO, Abduction. 

ABRUS PRECATO'RIUS, Liq'uorxce Euth, 
Btd Beany Love pecu A small ornamental shrub^ 
found from Florida to Brazil, as well as in Egypt 
and the West Indies; Nat. Ord. LcguminossB. 
Sex. Sytt. Monadelphia enneandria; having beau- 
tiful scarlet seeds with a black spot The roota 
and leaves are sweet mucilaginous demulcents. 
The seeds of the American kind are considered 
to be purgative and poisonous. 

ABSCESS, from ab»cedot (a6#, and eedere,) 'I 
depart,' or 'separate from.' Abecee'nte, Abfcee'" 
$io, AphUte'eUy Apo$te'ma, Ecpye'ma, Ecpye^exe, 
Beeertutf Impoe'thume. (F. ) Abeh, Depot. A col- 
lection of pus in a cavity, the result of a morbid 
process. See Pyogenia, and Suppuration. 

The French have various distinctive terms for 

ABCks CHAUDy ATGUy 80UDA1N, is one 
which follows violent inflammation. 

LEVX, one which is the result of chronic or 
scrofulous inflammation. 

nque, a symptomatic abscess; one which occurs 
in a part at a distance from the inflammation by 
which it is occasioned: e. g. a lumbar abeeeee; 
in which the inflammation may be in the lumbar 
vertebne, whilst the pus exhibits itself at the 

Abscess, Mktastat'ic, Abeee^tta metoHat'' 
icut, (F.) Abo^ nUtaetatique ; A. eontSeuti/, an 
abscess, which forms suddenly, and sometimes 
without any precursory signs of inflammation, in 
a part of the body remote from one in a state 
of suppuration, and without presenting a suffi- 
cient reason for its development in the plaoe 
which it occupies. It is a consequence of phle- 

Abscbss, PEnFOEATnro or tbb Lniro, see 
Lung, perforating abscess of the— a. Psoas, Lum- 
bar abscess — a. Retropharyngeal, see Eetropha* 

Abscessits Capitis Sahguineus NEoivATORuVy 
GephalsDmatoma — a. Cerebri, Encephalopyosis — 
a. Gangrsenescens, Anthrax — a. QangrsenosuSy 
Anthrax — ^a. Lacteus, Mastodynia apostematosa 
— A. Lumborum, Lumbar abscess— a. Mammse, 
Mastodynia apostematosa — a. Metastaticus, Ab- 
scess, metastatic — a. Nudeatus, Fnrunculus — a. 
Oculi, Hypopyon — a. Pectoris, Empyema — a. 
Pulmonnm, Pneumapostema — a. RenaUs, Ne- 
phrapoBtasis— a. Bpirituosus, Aneurism — a. Tho- 
racis, Empyema — a. Urinosus, Urapostoma. 

ABSCISSIO PR^PUTII, Circumcision. 

ABSCIS'SION, Abeeie'io, Abeoie'tio, from aj- 
•eidere or abseindere, 'to cut off*,' Aj^'o^, 
Apothrau'eie, Biae'opi, Excision or extirpation 
of a part, especially of a soft part — FabriciuB 

Fracture or ii\jnry of soft parts, with loss of 
substance. — Uippocrates. 

Diminution, or loss of voice. — Celsus. 

Sudden and premature termination of a dis- 
ease. — Oaleu. 

ABSC0N8I0, Sinus. 

see Murmur, respiratory. 

ABSINTHI'TES, a^l^iv^rnsy Ap«i«<*t'fM, Wine 
impregnated with Absinthium or Wormwood.—* 


■ ^ 

ABSINTHIUM, (Ph. U. 8.,) Artembis ab- hand, must pass through the chyliferoiu reNeli 

iintbium — a. Marinum, Artemisia maritima — a. and thoracic duct. 

Haritimnm, Artemisia maritima — a. Ponticnm, Absorption of CoMPOsmoiry see Absorption- 
Artemisia pontica — a. Romanum, Artemisia pon- a. Cutaneous, see Absorption — a. of Decomposi- 
tica — a. Santonicum, Artemisia santonica — a. tion, see Absorption — a. Digestive^ see Absorp- 
Valgaro, Artemisia absinthium. tion — a. External, see Absorption — a. of Excre- 

AJiSORBANT, Absorbent mentitial Secreted Fluids, see Absorption— a. 

ABSOR'BENT, Ah^or^hena, from ahM<^hert, {ah Int^^al, see Absorption-a. Intestinal, e^-e Ab- 

»nd .orhtre,) 'to drink, to suck up.' (F.) Ah. Borption-a. Inter8Utoal,seeAbwrpUon--a. Md 

•i^-hant. That which absorbs, o"^ Y'^'^TKh^^^^^V^^^ ^ 

Absorbent Sy tem is the collection of yessels, X^orp'ti^'-^'of Re^^entitiS Secreted mid^ 

roira a6*or6en'<.a sen rtMorhen'txa, and glands, gee Absorption-a. Respiratory, see Absorption, 

which concur in the exercise of absorption. \ . 

A medicine used for absorbing acidity in the ABSTEME, Abstemious, 

stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, Ac. In- ABSTEMIOUS, Ah»te'mtu$, AoVno; from ahi, 

verteM, Besor'ben*, Sa^urana, 'without,' and temetuMf 'wine.' (F.) Abst^me* 

Also, any substance, such as cobweb, sponge. Used by the ancient writers, as well as by the 

Ac, which, when applied to a bleeding surface, French, in the sense only of its roots; one who 

retains the blood, and forms witii it a solid and abstains from wine or fermented liquors in ge- 

adhesive compound, which arrests the hemor- neral. 

rhage. ABSTERGENTIA, Detergents. 

ABSORPTIO, Absorption— a. Sanguinis, -^SamSHJI4\^5j®5S®°^: 

H«morrhophesis. "^ ** a S?JJ?SI v^^' .^'If '^?^ ^ . .r . 

ABSORPTION, Re»orp'tio, Inkala^Ho, Jm. .„^^'!^^?,^Sfn'lH ^i';^!:!^'- "' ?'v " V^^ 

,...,/*• ii. Is' i -/ r la A I / • *na tenere, *to hold,' A6ro«'ta, A«frta, Ximan'- 

Uhi"tu>, Ahe^n^tio Anafrl^hi, Anarr^he'^ ^^ . je;,.^J,,^; • jJ^^i . Priiration usually 

tar'rlophi ; same etymon! The fiinction of ab- ^f «°t*^' " T^^^^n we sp^ of a6«rt«e,.ce from 

sorbent vessels, bv uirtae of which tiiev take un i»^««*«''«» a^^nence from dnnk, Ac. It is more 

gr^t di™io». h.v. been »«,e of thi, 4cU^ ^dSS t^nTin^^t IT^., "l^^X.X 

1. ExUmal abforplton, or the abnrpt%<m of com- j. ^j"» inflammatorr character 

?^'!^;«ril°^n,-^^ ^^? ^^J't'^L^ST. ABSUS, a kind of Lab^C. AUu^mhich 

Ibj, matenaU intended for their eompoBtwn ; ^ ^ ^ ^^ j„^ ^ ^ ^ ^. ^ 

the /aterial. that have to 1^ repUced by'^e ^.Z^^tZ^Tt E^p^!^ '"''^'"' "" "^^ 

exhalants. **,*!.* ABU'LIA; from a, 'privative,' andiSOTXm'wilL' 

By ex«er«aZai«>fyl,^ is meant not only th^^^ Loss of the will, or of volition. ' '^ ' 

which takes place at the external mirface of tiie ^bU'LICUS same etymon. One who has lost 

body, but also that of the mucous membranes of ^^.^ «^«,«, «r «,:ii ^.. ^r ^iun^^ 

., •','. A.' J • i. TT ^ tne power ot will or or volition, 

the digestive and respiratory passages. Hence, / nri'MP Ma.H,^i.o*;«« 

again, tiie division of external absorption into cw- ^EU^ VE bOl-MEME, Masturbation. 

taneou* — retorp'tio cuta'nea seu cuti», inhala'tio ABUTA, Pareira brava. 

euHs,—4ntettinal or digettive, and pulmonary or ABU'TILON CORDA'TUM, Sida ahuHlon, 

re9pir<Uory, Yellow mallotc. An indigenous plant, common 

Intemal absorption Is also subdivided into, from Canada to Mexico, which resembles common 

1. Molecular or interttitialf nutriiivtf organic^ or mallow in its medical virtues, being mucilaginous 
deeomposingt which takes up from each organ the and demulcent. 

materials that constitute it, so that tiie decompo- ABVACUA'TIO, an excessive or colliquative 

sition is always in equilibrio with the deposition, evacuation of any kind. 

2. The abtorption o/recrementitial teereted Jiuidtf ACACIA, (Ph. U. S.) Acaciss gummi — a. Cate- 
snoh as the fluid of serous membranes, synovia, chu, Catechu — a. False, Robinia pseudo-acacii^^ 
Ac. As these are constantiy exhaled on surfaces a. Germanica, see Prunns spinosa — a. Girafifse, see 
which have no external outiet, they would aug- Accacia^ gummi — a. Horrida, see Aeacite gummi 
ment indefinitely, if absorption did not remove — a. Indica, Tamarindus — a. Kilotica, see Acaciss 
them in the same proportion as that in which they gummi — a. Nostras, see Pninus spinosa — a. Sene« 
are deposited. 3. The abtorption of a part of the gal, see Acaciso gummi — a. Vera, see Acaeia> gum- 
exerementitial Jluide, as they pass over the excre- mi — a. Zcylonica, Hsematoxylon Campechianua. 
lory passages. ACACIA GUMMI, Aea'cia, from an;, 'a 

Absorption does not effect the decomposition of point,' so called in consequence of its spines, O, 

the body immediately. It merely prepares the Aea'cia Arab'ictB, 0. Arab'ioumy 0, Aeanth'inum, 

fluid which has to be eliminated by the secretory G, Leucum, G, Theba'icumf G. Serapio'nie, G. 

organs. LamaCf G, Seneffa^ or Seneca, (see Senegal, gum,) 

The great agents of external absorption are the Gum Ar'abic, (F.) Gomme Arabique. The gum 

veins and chyliferous vessels; of internal absorp- of theAea'cta BenMimo'taIfilot'iea,Aca'cia verOf 

tion, probably the lymphatics. In the chylife- Spina ^gyptiaca^ of Upper Egypt, Nat, Ord, 

rous vessels and lymphatics the fluid is always Mimosese. Sex, Sget. Polygamia MonoBcia. It 

found to possess the same general properties, is in irregular pieces, colourless or of a pale yel- 

In them, therefore, an action of elaboration or low colour, hard, brittle, of a shining fracture, 

selection must have taken place. The veins, on transparent, soluble in water, and insoluble in 

the other hand, seem to exert no selection. Any alcohol, s. g. 1*4317. 

fluid, possessing the necessary tenuity, passes It is mucilaginous ; but is rarely used, exrept 

through the coats of the vessel readily by imbibi- in pharmacy. Sometimes it is administered alone 

Gon, and proceeds along with the torrent of the as a demulcent. 

eiroulation. Watery fluids in this manner enter Acacia Horri da and A. Girafftt, of South Afii- 

the blood when they iu*e taken into the stomach, ca, yield a good gum. 

SobetMioes tbut require digestioui on the other AOAJOU, Anacardium occidentale. 




AcAJUBA OnrxoDTALiSi AoAcardinm oedden- 

Aoal'ttbaViboin'ica, Three-seeded mer'eury. 
Order, EttphorbUceee, indigenona, flowering in 
Aognsty U said to have expectorant aad diuretic 

ACAM'ATUS, from a, prir., and Ka/iM«» 'I la- 
boor.' This word has been sometimes used for 
A good constitution of the body. According to 
Oalen, it means that position in which a limb is 
intermediate between flexion and extension; a 
position which may be long maintained without 

ACAMPSIA, Gontraetura. 

AGAXOSy Onopordium acanthium^ 

AcAHos SpiSAf Onopordium acantffinm. 

AGANTHAy Vertebral column. Also, Spinous 
process of a vertebra. 

AGANTHAB'OLUS, AeanUhulue, Voltel'la, 
from axav^*^ *K spine/ and ^oAXm, * I cast out' 
A kind of forceps for removing extraneous sub- 
stances from wounds. — Paului of ^gina, Fabri- 
elus ab Aquapendente, Soultetus, Ac. 


ACANTHE FAUSSS, Heracleum spondy- 

AGANTfilUM, Onopordium acanthium. 

ACANTnULUS, Acanthabolos. 

AGANTHUS MOLLIS, same etymon as Aoa. 
oia, MelamphyVlumf Branca urei'na sen rera, 
firankur'eine, Bear** Breeeh. (F.) Fied d'ourt. 
This plant is mucilaginous like Althaa, and is 
used as a demulcent 

AGAPATLI, Piper longum. 

AGAR'DIA, from a, priv., and KapStm, 'the 
heart' The sta^ of a foetus without a heart 

AGARDIOTROPHLi, Heart, atrophy of the. 

AG'ARIGXDE, from acanu, and C4Bdere, 'to 
kilL' A destroyer of acari, — as of the acarus 

AGARICOBA. The Brazilian name for Ey- 
droeot'ffU umbella'tum, used by the Indians as 
an aromatic, alexipharmio, and emetic 

AGARON, Myrica gale. 

AGARP'iB, from a, 'privative,' and mafneos, 
'fruit' A division of the family of cutaneous 
diseases by Fuchs, in which there is no "fruit," 
(Germ. Frucht,) or production from the cutane- 
ous surface — tubercles, vesicles or pustules. 
Lentigo, Ghloasmay Argyriay and Pityriasis be- 
long to it 

AG'ARUS, from a, privative, and jcapn(» 'di- 
visible.' A minute insect, one species of which 
has been noticed by several observers, in the 
itch. The Acanu Sealneif see Psora. 

AcABus Giao, see Psora — a. Gomedonum, 
Aearus Folliculomm. 

Ac'abtts Ghos'sxi. An insect supposed by 
Mr. Grosse, of Engluid, to have been developed 
in a solution of sHioate of potassa when submitted 
to slow galvanic action, for the purpose of obtain- 
ing crystals of silex. It did not^ however, prove 
to be a new formation. 

Acarus Foluculo'bux, EnUno^on FoUieulo'- 
rum. Am Oomedo'fwmf Be'modex folliculo'rum, 
Simo'nea /oUieulo*rumf SteaUno'on /oUteulo'ruMf 
Maerogat^ter plc^jmw. An articulated animal- 
cule, discovered in the sebaceous substance of tiie 
cutaneous follicles. According to Professor Owen, 
it belongs to the Arachnida. 

Acarus Scabiri, Acarus, see Psora. 

AGATALEP'SIA, from a, privative, and Karm- 
Kefiflaifu, *1 comprehend.' Uncertainty in dia- 
gnosis. Its opposite is Gatalepsia. — Galen. 

AGATAP'OSIS, from a privative, and nra- 
ffptfif, 'deglutition.' Incapacity of swallowing. 
Vogel has given this name to difficulty of deglu- 

ACATASTAT'IC, Aeatattafiewe, from a, priv., 
and tcaSiertiin, 'to determine.' An epithet given 
to fevers, Ac, when irregular in their periods or 
symptoms.— Hippocrates. 

AGATHAR'SLA, from a, priv., and Ka^aipt^v, 
' I purge ;' Sordee, Impurities. Omission of a pur- 
gative. — Foesius. 

AGATSJAVAL'LI, a Malabar plant, which is 
astiiDgent and aromatic A bath of it is used in 
that country in eases of hemicrania. It is sup- 
posed to be the CaeeytKa filiformie of Linneus. 

AGAWERIA, Ophioxylum serpentinum. 


ACCiliRATEUB, Accelerator urinsB. 


Accclera'tor Uri'n<«, Bufbo-caverno'eiutf BuU 
ho-uritral — (Gh.) Ejacula'tor Semi'me, Bulho- 
eyndeemo-cavemevx, (F.) AccSlfrateur, from ad 
and cefer, 'quick.' A muscle of the penis, which 
arises, fleshy, from the sphincter ani and mem- 
branous part of the urethra, and tendinous from 
the cms and beginning of the corpus cavemosum 
penis. In its course it forms a thin, fleshy layer, 
the inferior fibres of which run more transversely 
than the superior, which descend in an oblique 
direction ; the muscles of both sides completely 
enclosing the bulb of the urethra. It is inserted 
into its fellow by a tendinous line running longi- 
tudinally on the middle of the bulb. Its use is to 
propel the urine or semen forwards. 

AGGENT, Sonne vocie, from ad and canere^ 
eantum, to sing. Inflection or modification of the 
voice, which consists in raising or dropping it on 
certain syllables. 

The accent exhibits various alterations in dis- 

ACCES, Paroxysm. 

AGGES'SION. Aceee'eto, from aeeedo, (ad and 
eedere,) 'I approach.' The invasion, approach, 
or commencement of a disease. 

A GOESSOIBE, Accessory— a, du long FUehie- 
eeur eommvn dee orteiie: see Flexor longus digi- 
torum pedis profundus perforans (accessorins)— 
a. de rObturaieur interne, Ischio-trochanterianufl 
— a. dupied dC Hippoeampe : see Gomu ammoui« 
— a. du Sacro-lombaire : see Sacro-lumbalis. 

TORUM PEDIS; see Flexor longus digitorum 
pedis profundus perforans (accessorius) — a. Pedis 
hippocampi; — see Gomu ammonis. 

AG'GESSORY, Aeeeeeo'riue, (F.) Aceeeeotre, 
Annexe, same etymon. A consequence or de- 
pendence on any thing; as aeeeeeory ligament, 
muecle, nerve, Ac 

AccBBsoRT or TBB Parot'id is a name giyen 
by Haller to a small gland, which accompanies 
the parotid duct, and is commonly a mere pro- 
longation of the parotid itself. See Parotid. 

AccBSSoRT ScixHCBS TO Mbdicikb are those 
which do not relate directly to the science of 
man in a state of health or disease; as physics, 
chemistry, Ac. 

AccBtsoBT 0¥ thb Pab Yaouv, Spinal nerve. 

The term aeeeeeory is also given to several 

AGGESSUS, Goition. 

AGGIDEl^S, Symptoms— a. Ooneeeuti/e, Gon- 
secutive phenomena. 

AG'GlbENT, Ac'eidene, ftomaeeidere, (ad and 
eadcre,) 'to happen.' A casualty; an unforeseen 
event The French use the term in nearly the 
same sense as eymjOom, It means also an unex- 
pected symptom. 

AGGIDEN'TAL, Adventi**tioue. That which 
happens unexpectedly. 

The French give the name Tieeue aecidenteie, 
to those adventitious textures, that aro th« result 
of a morbid procesB* 




ACCIP'ITER, Hi'erax, \tpm^, 'the hawk/ from chest, and abdomen ; or to thoee which hare aa 

occtpere (od and eapio,) 'to taJce.' Meneo'rati* abdomen, but no chest or head. 

Accip'iter, (E.) £permer, A bandage applied ACEPHALOS'TOMA, AromapriTatire^vc^fy 

over the nose, so called from its likeness to the 'head/ and vrofia, 'mouth.' An acephalous fuetot, 

daw of a hawk. at the upper part of which there is an opening 

ACCLI'MATED, Clima'H atme'tWf (from ad resembling a mouth, 

and clima.) A word of recent introduction from ACEPHALOTHO'RUS, from a privative, 

the French, which means 'accustomed to a di- xc^aAi;, 'head/ and ^wpa^,' chest,' ^l>«c<o«ej9A'a/««. 

A monster devoid of head or chest. 

ACEPU'ALOUS, from a privative, and Kt^aXn, 
* head.' A monster bom devoid of head. The 


ACGLnrATEMEXT, Acclimation. 

ACCLIMATION, Sea9'oniny, {¥.) Acclimate- 

ment The act of becoming acclimated, or aocus- condition is called Acepha'Ua, 

tomed to a climate. ACER, Acrid. 

The constitution of a person, who goes to live Acer Palicifoliux, A. Saccharinnm. 

in another and a very different climate, usually Acer S^CHARi'irrv, A, palmi/o'lium. Maple, 

experiences changes, which are frequently of an Sugar Maple. (F.) Arable. This tree contains 

nnfavourable character, and the study of which a large amount of sweet sap, whcnc« a conaider- 

b of conxiderable importance in medicine. able quantity of sugar may bo extracted. When 

ACCOM'PANIMENT, Adjun'etion. (F.) Ac- purified, this sugar can scarcely be distinguished 

eompngncmentf {compagnon, 'an associate.') That from that obtained from the cane. — See Saccha- 

which is joined to any thing. mm. 

Accomp<initnent to the eafaroef is a whitish, Acera'tes Loxairo'LlA, Long-leaved green 

viscid suhbtance, which sometimes surrounds the Milkweed / Order, Asclepiadacese ; indigenons, 

opake crystxilline, and remains after the operation flowering in June and July ; has tiie properties 

for cataract, causing a secondary cataract. of the order. See Asclepias. 

ACCOCCHUe, Puerpera. ACERATO'SIS, from a privative, and npat, 

ACCOUCHEMENT, Parturition— a, Labori- 'hom.* Defective development of the corneous 

ons, Dystocior— a. Oontre nature, sec Presentation, 
preternatural — a. Lahorieux, Laborious labour. 

ACCOUCHEUR, (P.) Adju'tor Partue, Oh- 
etet'rieane, Ob»tetri"ciu», Maieu'ter, Maieu'tee, 
lie who practises the art of midwifery. A phyei- 
cian-Aceoucheur, a Surgeon-Aceoucheur, a Man- 
midtti/e, Ac. 




ACCRE'TION, Acere'tio, from ad, 'to/ and 
ereecere, 'to increase." Augmentation; also, in- 
crease by juxtaposition. 


ACCUSATIO, Indication. 

ACE'DIA, Ineu'ria, from «, privative, and 
Kniof, 'care.' Want of oare, neglect. Also, fa- 
tigue. — Hippocrates. 


ACENINOSUS, Curative. 

ACEOGNOSIA, Pharmaco^nosia. 

ACEOLOOIA, Materia Medica. 

ACEPHALIA, see Acephalous. 

KtfmX^t 'head,' and 0paj^tw9, 'arm.' 
without head or arms. 

ACEPllALOCHI'RUS, from «, privative, «- 
fak^t 'head,' and j(u^ 'hand.' A foetus without 
head or hands. 

ACEPH'ALOCYST, Aeepkalocife'tie, from m, 
privative, Kc^oAiy, 'head,' and gvcrtt, 'bladder.' 
A hydaUform vesicle, without head or visible 
organs, ranked amongst the Entosoa, although 
possessed of few animated characteristics. In no 
organ of the body are acephalooysts so frequently 
found as in the liver. Generally it is the 'mul- 
tiple acephalocyst,' A. eacia'lie sen proli/'era, 
which is met with. At times, however, it is the 
'solitary acephalocyst,' A. eremi'ta sen •ter'ilie. 

The aeephalocgetie endog"eHa has a firm coat, 
and is composed of different layers, which have 


ACERB', Acer'lnu, Stryphnoe, 


A foetus 

' sharp.' A savour, or taste, compounded of th6 
acid, bitter, and astringent; such as is met with 
in unripe fruits, Ac 

ACER'CUS, from a privative, and rc^re;, 'a 
tail.' A monster devoid of Udl.---Ourlt 

ACE'RIDBS, Acero'dee, firom a privative, and 
Ktfpos, ' wax.' Plasters devoid of wax. — Galen. 

ACERODES, Aoerides. 

ACERO'SUS, Achyro'dee, Pithyrt^nue, from 
<^X^f^^f * chaff.' Fvrfara'ceoue, An epithet used 
by Hippocrates, for the coarsest bread, made of 
flour not separated from the chaff. — Fob'sius. 

— a. Glandnlus Pinealis, see Pineal Gluid. 

ACES'CENCY, Aceneen'tia, from aceecere, 'to 
grow sour/ (a«ic, 'a point,' aeer, 'sharp.') A dis- 
position to acidity. The humourists believed thai 
the animal humours are susceptible of this change. 

ACBSIA, Cure. 

ACESIS, Cumtlon, Cure, Medicament 

ACESMA, Medicament 

ACESMIUS, Curable. 

ACESMU8, Cure. 



ACESTER, Phvsician. 

ACESTIS, Medicament 

ACESTOR, Physician. 

ACESTORIA, Medicine. 

ACESTORIS, Midwife. 

ACESTOS, Curable. 

ACESTRA, Needle. 

ACESTRIA, Midwife. 

ACESTRIS, Midwife. 

ACE8TRUM, Medicament 



ACETA B'ULUM, fh)m aeetum, 'vinegar/ be- 
cause it resembles the old vinegar vessel, orv" 
numbers of smaller hydatids within them, and haph'ion, A measure capable of containing the 
are thrown off from Uie interior of the parent eighth part of a modem pint Athenseus. Galen. 

See Cotyloid. According to Castelli, the lubes or 
cotyledons of the placenta of ruminating animals 
have been so called. 

AcRTABULFM, Cotylo, Cotyloid — a. Humeriy see 
Glenoid — a. Marinum, Umbilicus marinns. 

ACETA'RIA, same etymon. A salad or 

cyst This species has hence been termed en- 
aogena, to distingubh it from the A. exog"ena 
of ruminant animals, in which the young vesicles 
ore developed from the exterior of the parent 
▼esicle. — See Hvdatid. 

ACEPHALOGAS'TER, ArAorocoeepA'afiM, 
from a privative, rc^oAf , ' head,' and yavrrip, ' the pickle. 
htUj/ A name given to monsten devoid of head, ACETAS, Acetate. 




AC'ETATB, Aet'taM. A ult formed by the 
union of the acetio acid with an alkaline, earthj, 
or metaUic base. The acetates chiefly used in 
medicine are the aoetates of ammonia, lead, 
potaeby and sine. 

ACK'TICA, AeeUa Ifediea'ta, (F.) Vinaiyre* 
Mfdiciuaujc. Phannaoeutical preparations of 

ACE'TIOUM AC'IDUAT, Acidum Ae0ftieum 
for^tiuM, A. A./oriif A. Aet'tieumpurum, Aee'tam 
radica'lif Oxo*, Ace^tie Acid, Stramff Aee'totu 
Acid, Acidum Aceto'tum fortl, Bad'i^al Vin'e^ar, 
Sfnr'itiu Ven'erit {when made from verditfrUy) 
dpirit of Verdigrie, Coneentrated acetic acid, 
prepared bj decomposing an acetate and receiv- 
ing the acetic acid by distillation, has a very 
pungent and grateful odour, and an acid and 
acrid taste. Its s. g. is about 1.046, and it is 
▼ery Yolatile. 

It is stimulant, rubefacient, and esoharotio, and 
is applied to the nostrils in syncope, asphyxia* 
headache, ftc. It destroys warts. 

An Aromaiie Spirit of Vinegar, A^'idumAee'^ 
ticum (hmpkora'ttamf A. aeeto'tum eamphara'tum, 
is formed of this etrong acid, Jvj, Oamphorf |^bb, 
CH. Oaryoph. gtt. XT. 

A strong Acetic Acid was ordered by the Lon- 
don phArmaoopoeia prepared from wood. It was 
oalied Vinegar of teood. Improved dietiUed Vine- 
gar, Pyrolig' neotu Acid f Ace' turn Lignafrum, and 
Its s^ngth was such, that 87 gr. of crystallised 
■ubcarbonate of soda should saturate 100 grains 
of the acid. 

Ae"\dum Ace*tieum Dilu'tum, A. A. fen'ttl, Aee^- 
tum deetiUa'tum, Aeidum aee'ticum, Aeidum aceto'- 
mim deetUla'tum, Aeidum ae^Hcum dehiViue, Die- 
titled vin'egar, (F.) Adde Aeitiqne faible, Vi- 
naigre diHiUi, is prepared by distilling rinesar, 
antU scTen-eighths have passed over. An Aet- 
dwm aeeticum dilutufn. Diluted acetic aeidy is 
made by mixing half a pint of the strong aoetie 
•^d with five pints of distilled water. — ^pL U. 8. 
Its properties are like those of vinegar. 

AcBTicuM Maktialb, Fcrri Aoetas. 

ACETONE, from aeefffm,' vinegar.' ^hVOms 
pgro-ae^tieue ligno'eue, Pgro-ace'tic epirit, Pgro- 
aeeftie, Ether, Meeitfic Al'eohol, Bihydraie of 
Meei^glene ; erroneously called Naphtha and 
Wood Naphtha. A limpid, colourless liquid, 
having a peculiarly penetrating and slightly em- 

gyreumatac odour. Its density in the liquid state, 
\ almost the same as that of alcohol, 0.7021. Its 
taste is disagreeable, and analogous to that of 
peppermint. It, is misoible in all proportioni 
with water, alooliol, and ether. It may be pre- 
pared by distilling a mixture of two parts of 
crystallised acetate of lead and one part of qidok- 
lime in a salt-glase Jar (gray-beard,) the lower 
part of the jar being coated with fire-clay ; and 
a bent glass tube, half an inch in diameter, 
adapted to the mouth by a cork, so as to form a 
distillatory ^paratus. The jar is supported on 
the mouth of a small ftimaoe, by which the lower 
part only is heated to redness, and the vapours 
are conducted into a Liebig's condenser. The 
product is repeatedly redistilled from quicklime, 
mntil its boilmg point is constant at 182®. 

It has been brought forward as a remedy in 
phthisis pulmonalis; but evidently with un- 
founded pretensions. It is an excitant, and may 
be serviceable in chronic bronchitis. The dose 
is ten to forty drops three times a day, diluted 
with water. 

ACETOSA ALPINA, Rumex alpinus — a. 
Koetras, Rumex acetosa — a. Pratensis, Rumex 
aoeiosa — a. Romana, Rumex scutatus — a. Ro- 
tondifolia, Rumex scutatus — a. Scutats^ Rumex 
Vnlgari^ Rumex aoetou. 

ACETOSBLLA, Oxilis aeetosena. 

ACE'TUM, •(«(, Oays, Aeetum Vini, A. BrU 
ton'ntciim. Common Vinegar, Aeidum aceto'tumf 
A'Ugar, Aee'Unm Oerwia'ia, (F.) Vinaigre ; fitim 
aKif, * a point,' aeer, * sharp.' A liquor obtained 
by the acetous fermentation. Vinegar has a pun- 
gent odour, and a pleasant acid taste. One fluid 
ounce of the Acetom of the United States Phar- 
macopoeia is saturated by about 35 grains of 
crystalUsed biearbonate of soda. It is refrigerant 
in fevers; antiseptic, and anti-narcotic; and ex- 
ternally is stimulant and discntient 

Vinegar Whey is made by stirring a smsll 
wineglassftd of vtfie<^r, sweetened with a dessert 
spoonlVil of eugar, in a pint of milk ; boiling for 
fifteen minutes, and straining. Like tamarind 
whey it is an agreeable drink in febrile afi'ections. 

Acs'tuv Abom at'icum, Aeidum Ace' ticum Aro^ 
maVicum, Ace'tum Theriaea'li, A. quatttor furumj 
Thieved Vinegar, Vinegar of the four Thievee, 
Mareeillee Vinegar, (F.) Vinaigre Aromatique, 
F. dee ouatre tfoleurw, {Roriemarin. caeum, rice., 
FoL Saiviet sing. ^j. Lavand. fior. eicc, ^iv. C%r. 
ryoph, eonU Xbs. Acid. Aeet, Oy. Macerate 7 days, 
and filter. — Ph. E.) Odour, pungent and aroma- 
tic. Used as a perflime. 

AcBTUM BRiTAiTNicrx, Aoctum. 

Acb'tuv Cantbar'idiB, Vinegar of Cantha^ 
ridee, {Oantharid. in pulv. Jilj. Acid, aeet, f §v., 
Acid, pvrolign, f^^v: Euphorlr, in pulv. crass, 
^ss. Mix the acids; add the powders; macerate 
for seven days; strain; express strongly, and 
filter the liquor. — Ph. E. The London College 
macerates eantharid, Jij in acid. aeet. Oj. for 
eight days; expresses and strains.) It is used 
as a prompt vesicant. 

Aob'tum Col'cbici, Vinegar o/ meadow eaffron, 
{Colehie, rad, eontue, ^ij ; Acid, aeetie. ditut. sen 
Ae€t. deetillat. Og ; Ph. U. S. 1851. It may also 
be made by displacement) It is used as a diu- 
retic, and also in gout. Dose f !^ss. to ^iss. 

AcETUM Dbstillatuv ; see Aeeticum aeidum 
— a. Lignorum : see Aeeticum aeidum — a. Mnl- 
sum dulee, Oxyglycus — a. Opii, Outtie Nigne— 
a. Quatuor fhrum, Acetnm Aromatieum — a. Ra^ 
dicale, Aeeticum Aeidum — a. Rosatum Osyrrho- 

AcBTUM ScilXJl, Aeidum Aee'ticum Scillit'^ 
ieum. Vinegar of SquilU, (F.) Vinaigre eeillim 
Hque, {ScilUB contus. ^iv; Ac«(. deeiillat. OiJ; 
Ph. U. 8. It may also be made by displace- 
ment.) Diuretic, expectorant, and emetic. Dose 
f ^ss to 5U u A diuretic and expectorant. 

AcETUM Tbbriacalx, Aoctum aromatieum. 

ACETTE DB SAL. A remedy for broncho- 
cele used in S. America. Roulin found it to con- 
tain a portion of iodine. 

ACHACANA. A Bpedes of cactus, in the pro* 
vince of Potosi in Peru. Its root is thick and 
fleshy, and of a conical shape. It is a good edi- 
ble, and is sold in the markets of the country. 

ACHANACA. A plant of the kingdom of 
Mely in AfricA. It is used by the natives as an 

ACHAOVAN, a speciefl of Egyptian chamo- 
mile. — Prosper Alpinus. 

ACHAOVAN-ABIAT. The Egyptian name 
of Cineraria martttma, used in female diseases. 

ACHAR, Atohar. 

ACHE, Apium graveolens — o. dee Montagnee^ 
Ligusticnm levisticum. 

ACHEFLIA, Aehi'Ua, from a, priv.,and x^^^^f 
' lip.' A malformation, consisting in a deficiency 
of a Up or lips. 

ACHEI'LUS, Aehi'lue, same etymon. On« 
who is without lips. 

ACHEIR, Aehir, De'mwnma, frq^iprivatlvc^ 
and x^h 'band.' One di roid of4HBAB.6aleM 






ACHEI'RIA, Achi^ria: sam^ etymon. The 
gtate of being devoid of hands. 

ACHEROIS, Populua. 

ACHIA, Achiar, A name giren in India to 
the pickled shoots of the bamboo. 

A<:hia, Atchar. 

ACniAR, Achia. 

ACUIC'OLUM, Aehit'oltu, Hidrote'rum, Su- 
da'rinmf Fornix, Tholua, Sudato'rium, The 
gweatin^-room in the ancient bagnios. 

ACHILIA, AcheUia. 

9ami'ta/<£lniH'eaJ Eupato'rium ices'cjes, Age'ra- 
tufHrj Coi'tui horto'rum minor. Maudlin, MaudRn 
TuMey ; (F.) AchilUe Vitqueuse; Nat. Ord. 
Composit^e ; Sub. Ord. AnthemidesB ; /Sex. Sy$U 
Syngene^ia Polygamia superflua, — has the same 
properties as tanscy, bitter and aromatic, and is 
used in like affections. 

Achille'a Atra'ta, Btrha Oen'ipi vert, (F.) 
AchilUe Xoire, has similar virtaes. 

Achille'a Millefo'lium, Achille'a Ifyrto- 

£hyVlon, Chrunoe'oma, MilUfo'lium, ChiliophyV' 
n, LumbuH Ven'eri; Common Yarrow or Mil- 
foil, (F.) MilU/eutlle, The leaves and flowers 
nave an aromatic smell, and a rough, bitterbh, 
somewhat pungent taste. They have been used 
in dyspepsia, flatulence, Ac. An extract of the 
plant, made with proof spirit, has been called 
AchilleVnum; and is used by the Italians in in- 
termittent fever. 

Achille'a Ptar'mica, Peeudo-py'rethrum, 
Py'rethrum tylvce'tri, Draco eylvee'trie, Tarehon 
tylve$tna, Sternntamento'ria, JDracun'culua Pra- 
ten'eii, Sneexe-wort, Bastard PeVlitory, Ptar'mxca, 
(F.) Ilerhe d iternuer. The roots and flowers 
have a hot, biting taste, approaching that of py- 
rethrum. Their principal use is as a masticatory 
and sialogogue. 

Achillea Viscosa, A. Ageratum. 

ACHILLAS NOIRE, Achillea atrata— o. 
Vitifnen**, Achillea ageratum. 

ACHILLEINUM, see Achillea Millefolium. 

ACillLLE'IS. A beautiful species of barley, 
mentioned by Theophrastus and Galen, called 
after Achilles, a labourer. The decoction was 
used in fevers and jaundice. — Hippocrates. 

ACHIL'LIS TENDO, Funie Hippoc'ratis, 
Corda seu Chorda Hippoc'ratis, Corda magna, 
Nervue latue, (F.) Tendon d*Achille, The strong 
tendon of the gastrocnemii muscles above the 
heel : so called, because it was the only vulnera^ 
ble part of Achilles, or becaose of its strongUi. 
See Tendon. 

ACHILUS, Acheilus. 

ACUIMB ASSL An archiater or chief of phy. 
flicians. A name given, at Orand Cairo, to a 
zoagistrftto who licenses physicians. 

ACHIR, Acheir. 

ACIIIRIA, Acheiria. 

AGHITOLUS, Achioolnm. 

ACIILYS, Caligo. 

AGTIMELLA, Spilanthns acmella. 

ACIINE. Lint See Linteum. Also, small 
mncons floccuU seen in front of the cornea. — 

ACHOL'IA, from a, privative, and x«H ' hile.' 
Deficiency or want of bile. 

ACU'OLUS : same etymon* One defloient in 

ACHOR, Porrigo larvalis. 

ACUO'RES. A term often employed by the 
ancients to designate both enuta Uzc'tea, uid 
small superficial ulcerations on the skin of the 
face and head. 8ee Porrigo Larvalis. 

AcHORBS Capitis, Porrigo scutulata. 


ACHORIS'TUS, from a, priv., and x<«^^»y 'I 
separate.' Any sign which necessarily accompa- 
nies a state of health or disease. 

ACHOUROU. The Caraib name for a species 
of myrtle used in dropsy. 

AGHRAS AUSTRALIS, Sapotar-a. Sapota, 
Sapota — a. Zapota, Sapota. 

AGHROI, Achromatic ti, Aehro'mati, Achro'mi, 
from a, privative, and x'^P^f * colour.' Pale indi- 
viduals. — Hippocrates. It is nearly synonymous 
with Xcf^oi/ioi, Uipha'mia, persons without colour; 

AGHROMASIA, Decoloration. 


AGHROMAT'IG, Achromafieu* ; same etymon. 
A lens, so constructed as to correct the aberration 
of refrangibility of common lenses, is so termed. 
The Cryetalline is an achromatic lens. 


A G H R M A TOPSIA, Chromatopeeudop'tiOj 
Ohromatometablep'tia, Dytchromatop'aia, Para-' 
chro'ma, Parora'sie, Visue de'color, Colour blind* 
ne»8, Idiop'tcy, Dal'toniem, from a, privative, X9*^' 
fta, 'colour,' and oKTo/tai, *I see.' Incapability of 
distinguishing colours ; a defect situate in the ce- 
rebral part of the visual organ. Persons so cir- 
cumstanced have been termed by Mr. Whewell, 
Idiopte. See Acyanoblepsia and Anerythropsia. 


AGHYLO'SIS, from a, privative, and ;^oXof, 
'juice, chyle.' Defective ohylosis or formation 
of chyle. 

AGHYMO'SIS, from a, privative, and xeftog, 
'juice, chyme.' Defective ohymifioation. 

AGHYRODES, Aoerosus. 

AGHYRON, Furfur; 

A'GIA, from axu, a point A word nse4 bj 
Celsus, which has puzxled commentators, — some 
believing it to have meant a needle ; others the 
tiiread; and others, again, the kind of suture. 
"Acta mollis, non nimit torta," — Gelsus, Galen. 
(Ghifflet thinks it meant the thread. — ^Antwerp, 

ACID, Ae"idM, Oxyt, (F.) Aeide, Aigre, from 
oExif, 'a point;' sharp; sour; especially as ap- 
plied to odorous or sapid substances. The French 
also use the term aigre, when referring to the 
voice, in the sense of sharp and shrill : — as une 
voix aigre, vox aepera. 

Acid, Acetic, Aceticnm acidnm — a. Acetic, 
dilute, see Aceticnm acidum. 

Acid, Acbtous, Strong, Aceticnm acidnm 
— a. Aerial, Carbonio acid — a. Antimonious, 
Antimonium diaphoretioum — a. Arsenious, Arse- 
nicum album — a. Auric, see Gold — a. Azotic, Ni- 
tric acid — a. Bensoio, Benjamin, flowers of — a. 
Boric, Boracio acid — a. Calcareous, Carbonic acid 
— a. Carbonaceous, Carbonic acid — a. Carbonous, 
Oxalic acid — a. Chromic, see Chromic acid— «. 
Citric, Citric acid — a. Cyanhydrio, Hydrocyanic 
acid — a. Cyanohydric, Hydrocyanic acid — a. 
Gastric, Gastric juice. 

Acid, Gallic, Ac"idum Oall'ieum. (F.) Acid^ 
Oallique. This acid is found in most of the astrin- 
gent plants that contain tannic acid of the kind 
obtained from galls. It is in delicate silky nee- 
dles, usually somewhat yellowish, inodorous, and 
of a harsh, somewhat astringent taste. It dis- 
solves in one hundred parts of cold and three 
parts of boiling water. It is very soluble in alco- 
hol, and but sUghtiy so in ether. 

It has been highly extolled in internal hemor- 
rhage, especially from the urinary organs and 
uterus. Dose from ten to twenty grains. 

The last Pharmacopoeia of the United States 
(1851) directs it to be made by exposing a thin 
paste of poicdered gall* and distilled water for a 
month, adding the water from time to time to pre- 



lerre the oonaistenoa ; expressing the peste ; boil- 
ing the residue in.distUled water; filtering tlffongh 
on»sMi2 ckareoalj end crystallising. 

AciDf Hippv'bic, Ac"idum Hippv,'r%eum, Uro- 
hen'zoic aeid. An acid found in tne nrine of gra- 
miniToroos animals. It is contained in human 
urine, especially after bensoio add has been taken. 
See Uiptiuria. 

Acid, HrniaoD'ic, Acf'idum Eydriod'ieum. 
This acid is made by mixing solutions of iodide 
of potassium and tartaric acid; filtering Uie liquor 
to separate the bitartrate of potassa, and adding 
water to make the resulting hydriodio acid of de- 
finite strength. 

It has been used in the same eases as the pre- 
parations of iodine in generaly but is rarely em- 

Acid, Htdbochlobonitbic, Nitro-muriatic acid 
— «. Hydrocyanic, Hydro<7anio aeid — a. Hydro- 
cyanic, dilute, see Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydro- 
sulphuric, Hydrogen, sulphuretted — a. Hydrothi- 
onic, Hydrogen, sulphuretted — a. Igasuric: see 
Jatropha curcas. 

Acid, Iodic, Ac^'tdum Jod'ieum, (V.) Acide 
lodiqu*. This is obtained by boiling iodine 
with nitric aeid; or by decomposing iodate of 
ftaryto by dilute tulpknric aeid. It is a white, 
transparent solid, slightly deliquescent, and very 
■oluble in water. It has been giren with sulphate 
of quinia in hoarseness, scrofula, incipientphthisis, 
ehronie inflammation, syphilis, Ac Dose three to 
fix grains, or more. 

Acid or Lbmoits, Citric acid — a. Lithio, Uric 
acid — a. Dephlogisticated marine, Chlorine — 
a. Mephitic, CarlK>nio acid — a. of Milk, LacUo 
acid — a. MuriaUo, see Muriaticum acidum — a. 
Huriatic, dilute, Muriaticum acidum — a. Ni- 
tric, see Nitric add — a. Nitric, dilute, see Nitric 
Add — a. Nitro-hydroohloric, Nitro-muriatio acid 
—a. Nitro-Muriatic, see Nitro-Muriatic Acid — a. 
Nitrous, dephlogisticated, Nitric acid — a. Oxysep- 
lonic, Nitric acid — a. Polygalic: see PolygiJa se- 
nega — a. Prussic, Hydrocyanic add — a. Pyrolig- 
neona : see Aceticnm addum — a. Pyrolignic, Py- 
roUgneons acid — a. of Sorrel, Oxalic acid — a. of 
Sugar, Oxalic acid — a. Sulphuric, see Sulphuric 
add — a. Tannic, Tannin — a. Uric, Uric acid — a. 
Urobenzoic, A. Hippurio— a. Urous, Uric oxide— 
a. Urylic, Uric acid — a. Okromiqve, Chromic add. 

addum — a. Boraciq^, Borado add — ck Chro- 
miqme, Chromic add — a. OaUique, Add, gallic 
—a. NjfdroetfanimUf Hydrocyanic acid — a. 
Hydrotul/urique, Hydrogen, sulphuretted — a. 
lodioHtf Add, iodic — a. Laetiquef Lactic acid— 
a. Nitrique, Nitrio add-— a. Photphoriqne, Phos- 
phoric add-— a. Prtutique, Hydrocyanic add— a. 
Sul/ureuxj Sulphurous aeid— <i. £M/urique, Sul- 
phuric acid~><k Std/uriqmt delayi, Sulphnricnm 
addum dilotum— a. Tanniqne, Tannin. 

ACIDITATIO, Acidities. 

ACID'ITIES, Aeo'fM, Ae%dUa*Ho, Ae*idum 
«Mr6o'««m, Atf*idw$i prima'rwm eta'msi, Oanfte«, 
Sard— oie^'idm. (F.) Aigrtmr^, Sourness of the 
stomach, the result of indigestion, indieated by 
add eructations, Ac. The affection is yery com- 
Bon in children, and must be obviated by absorb- 
•nts, as magnesia, ohalk, Ac, and by regulated 

ACEDOLOQ'^IA, from omr, 'apoint» a sharp 
instrument,' and Xeyof, 'a description.' A de- 
•eription of surgical instruments. 

ACIDOM'ETER, {1^,) Aeidomitre, Pite^aeidt, 
from octcf, and lur^v, mMSttre. A hydrometer 
for determining the density of adds. 

ACIDS, Ae"ida, Aeo^ret, are Uquid, solid, or 
gaseous bodies, possessed of a sour, more or less 
oaiistio taste, sad the prindpal diaraoter of which 

is the capability of saturating, wholly or in par^ 
the alkaUne properties of bases. 

Adds, in general, are refrigerent and antisep- 
tic Their particular uses are pointed out under 
the individual articles. 

To ACID'ULATB. (F.) Aiguiser, Aciduler. 
To render acidulous, or slightly acid. 

ACID'ULOUS, Aeid'uluM, Oxo'det, OxoVdet. 
(F.) AddiiUf AigrtUt, Substances are so called 
which possess a souxish taste, as tamarinds, cream 
of tartar, Ac. 

Acidulous Frutts. Oranges, gooseberries, Ac 

Acidulous Waters, Aqua Acidula, Mineral 
waters containing carbonic acid gas sufficient to 
render them sourish. See Waters, minenU. 

Acidulous Water, Simple, Aqna Ac'*idi Car- 
hon*iei, (Ph. U. 8.) Aqua a'erinfixif Aqua aeid'" 
ula timplex, Liquor sen Aqua aoda tfftrvti^ceiu. 
Aqua Uarbona'ti* Soda <xeid'ulaf Soda vattTy Mi- 
nerai water f (F.) Eau Acidule eimple, is water 
impregnated with fixed air. 

Water, so impregnated, is cooling, and slightly 
stimulating. It is used beneficially in dyspepsia, 
and in cases of vomiting, Ac. 

ACIDUM ACETICUM, Aceticum addom— a. 
Aceticnm aromaticum, Acetum aromaticam — a. 
Aceticum oamphorntum : see Aceticum acidum-— 
a. Aceticum dilutum : see Aceticum Acidum — a. 
Aceticum empyreumaticum, Pyrollgncous acid — 
a. Aceticum Scilliticum, Acetum scillie — a. Ace- 
tosollee, Oxalic acid — a. Acetosum, Acetum — a. 
Allantoicum, Allantoic acid — a. Amnicum, Am- 
niotic add — a. Arsenicosum, Arsenious acid— a. 
Arseniosum, (Ph. U. S.) Arsenious acid — a. Ace- 
ticum, Nitric Acid — a. Benzoicum, Benjamin, 
Flowers of— a. Boracicum, Boradc acid — a. Bo- 
mssicum. Hydrocyanic acid — a. Carbonicum, 
Carbonic acid — a. Citricum, Citric acid — a. Gal- 
lioum, Acid, gallio— a. Hydriodicum, Acid hydri- 
odic— a. Hydrocarbonicum, Oxalic acid — a. Hy- 
drochloricum, Muriaticum acidum — a. Hydrocy- 
anioum. Hydrocyanic acid — a. Hydrocyanicum 
dilutum, see Hydrocyanic Acid — a. Hydrothionl- 
cum liquidum, see Hydrosulphuretted water — a. 
lodicqpAf Add, iodic — a. Jatrophioum, see Jatro- 
pha Purees — a. Lactienm, Lactic acid — ^a. Lij^e- 
um, Pyroligneous acid— -a. Ligni pyro-oleosum, 
Pyroligneous acid — a. Lithicum, Uric acid — a. 
Marinum concentratum, Muriaticum acidum — a. 
Morbosum, Acidities — a. Muriaticum, Muriaticum 
addum — a. Muriaticum dilutum. Muriatic acid — a. 
Muriaticum nitroso-oxygenatum, Nitro-muriatio 
add — a. Nitri, Nitrio acid — a. Nitricum, Nitrio 
acid — a. Nitricum dilutum, Nitric acid — a. Nitro- 
Muriatioum, Nitro-muriaUc acid — a. Oxalinum, 
Oxalic acid — a. Phosphoricum, Phosphoric acid 
—a. Primarum viarum, Acidities — a. PrusMeum, 
Hydrocyanic add — a. Pyro-aceticum, Pyroligne- 
ous add — a, Pyrolignosum, Pyroligneous acid— 
a. Pyroxylicum, Pyroligneous acid — ^a. Qnerd- 
tannlcum. Tannin — a. Sacchari, Oxalic acid — a. 
Saccharinum, Oxalic acid — a. Sails, Muriaticum 
acidum — a. Sails culinaris, Muriaticum acidum— 
a. Sails marini, Muriaticum acidum — a. Septicum, 
Nitrio add — a. Sucdnicum, Succinic acid — a. Sul- 
phuricum, Sulphuric acid — a. Sulphuricum alcoo- 
lisatum. Elixir acidum Halleri — a. Sulphuricum 
aromaticum, Sulphuric acid, aromatic — a. Sul- 
phuricum dilutum, Sulphuric add, diluted — a. 
Sulphuris volatile. Sulphurous acid — a. Sulphu- 
rosicura, Sulphurous Acid — a. Tannicum, Tannin 
— a. Tartari essentiale, Tartaric acid — a. Tartari- 
cum, Tartaric acid — a. Tartarosum, Tartaric acid 
— a. Uricum, Uric acid — a. Urolithicum, Urio 
add — a. Yitriolieum, Sulphuric acid — a. VitrioU- 
oum aromaticum, Sulphuricum acidum aromati- 
cum— a. Yitriolieum alcohole aromaticum, Sol- 
phurioom acidum aromatieam — a. VitrioUouM 


ACIDUttQIA. Sorgsry (opwatiTfc) 

AVIKtt, CIi»ljb3. 

ACIBS. Cli«lyb»— fc Digitoram mmM, Phs- 
luiiics of tho fiBicrt— n. Diunii, HemeralopiB. 

ACISE'rilA, J^i^'n*. Jt.W«a, Im^bif 
•u, tfuiw, Krqnia, Jt^iiio'lio, £.,r*'.-<i, Ertm'i. 

move' Rett. Immobility. Alto. Uio inlervi 
between tUe »j»tole ud diutole of tbc tiMM- 


0nder tha term ^rinctUi Remberg in-iladu 
lbs pariljrtic oeurosix, or Ihow IfaU an cbme- 
Mri'nl bj di'fecl of motirs pow«r. 

ACINI OF MALPHIHI, Curpon Mllp'^hiul. 

ACINIFORMIf! (TUNICA) Choro-.d, H^efc 

AC"ISU3, Jc'-iBM j^onJnto'nu. froQ ae"i«u. 
' a pupe-Jilonc.' A afanrfi/onn ioryirte(« or prn 
■u/dlion, in which BccrctioQ wu mppuMd to tali 
phtee. ind lbs eiorctory radinle to kriie. Acii 
ue the gloh'Hli artcria'ram Mr'niiii of Nicholi. ' 
The tana ue"iii> glaadulo'ri hu tint been given 
to gUndi, vhich, Ulte the puicreai, us uruiged 
M it were in duaten. See Lobole. 

ACIFEXSER, eee IchUijotoll*. 

AC 1 1' R 01 A, Surtterj, (oporBlive.) 


ACMAS'TICUS, from »^i, 'the tap,'and imiK, 

degree of inlensity ibroaahout its course. It ii i 
■ita called Bomofaaot. The Greeki gave it tba 
n*ma of £>>acwo.'(icoi, end SgH'orko; when it 

It deereuwd.— Oalen. 

ACMg. Vigor, Cot-aplH, ftilufna'do, »o(M, 
"---'-"'- "■— -Biiod of * diie»»e Mwhich 
Mt Tiolent. Arcii, ifxn- u 

period of inereeee ;' >ad aanl, aim, ' the belgfat.' 
ACMELLA, Spiluithiu KmeUk— ^ Uwiriti. 
mm, Bpilanthni acmella. 
ACKOK, Inciu. 

ACHE, Acta, lon'tiia tarv,7aTU4, Pnira'cic 
Jne, Alone />«*, Witii, BubnrU, (F.) Darirt 
piutHhuat diiilmMe, A email pimple or taber- 
ele on Ibe tace.—Oorrmat. Foeilaa thiuki the 
word an|;ht Ut be Armt; and, iccnrdliig to Cu- 
■ins, it ie, at all STenta, derived from aiiii, ' tI- 
gonr;' the disease aflecting thoee in the vigom- 

the eyinptom 

n iiiaa and Belemi 
their Nosology of cni 
it in the Order, Tcbr 

of time, and eomatimei enppHra 
partially. They nnnally appeni 
tamples and thin, and ate oommi 


ACO^METBB, AeonmeUr. 

ACOEMETBUH, Aconmetw. 

ACOENOSI, Aconnei. 

ACOESIS, Aodition. 

ACOONOSLA, PharmaeogDDiia. 

ACOLABLA, Intemperance. 

ACOLOGY, Materia Medica. 

AC ONE, Mortar. 


ACONITE, Aconilam— a. Folia, lee Aconitom 
—a. Radix, see Aeonitam. 

ACONITI FOLIA, lee Aoonltom — *. Radii, 

ACONITIA, eee Aconltnm napelloe. 

ACONITIN, «ee Aoooitnro napellot 

ACONITIKE. tte Aconltnm nipellai. 

ACQNITIUM, eee Aeonitom napetlDi. 

ACONI'TUM, fW>m Je-oiU, a place in BltliT- 
nla, where It il common. Osnoi'tinuin, Parda- 
liaa'clut, Pardalian-chum, OaniWda, Ae'tmiU, 
Walfibant, MimlriJiood. Nai. Ord. Rasimeiilk- 
ceio. Stx. Sj/tt. Polyandria Trigynia. 

AcosiiDK, Aconite, in tlie Pbarmacopteto of 
the United Statu, ISC, li the leaves of Aconl- 
tnm napellns, end A. pacicnlatam. In the lart 
edition, 1B51, Aermiti folia is the officinal nam* 
for the leavee ; AeawiH radix for tbat of the root 

Acom'iDH An'iHOBi, Atotii'tvn Sataii/'trwm, 
leu luinarD'iiiiK sea €andol'Ui sen Jarqaini aen 
tKl'opham sen aalAoroIrfeiiiB, An'tliora mlga'TV, 
Aiiftkora, Antilli'OTa, Safmlary Jlonkiiood, 
Wliolaotnt Wol/tbaiu, YeBaie ktlmrl fiavtr, 
(P.) Aemit •aluiairi. The root of this variety, 
aa of all the reit, ie poiionone. Il is used at a 
oatbartio and anthelmlntie. Doee ^u to 9J. 

Acohttdh AxTEOBoniKDa, A. antbora. 

Acaxi'TiTH Cah'iubdh, A. panienla'lMm, A. 
macrnn'lAtim, A. Sawne^ni, (F.) Aranit d 
yrmdf Jltmrt, reaambloi Awnitnm fiapelliti In 

AcOiriTiia CAimohLtt, A. antbora— a. Bal». 
>hmn, A. antbora — a. Jaoqninl, A. ■ 


{V.)OlmpemiUMoiit. Theleavei 

ate aarcatie,cadorille,>nddeobetnent(?} Tbey 
have been uasd in ebronie rhenmaliEm, scrotUa, 
acirrhus, paralysis, amanroali, Ac The active 
principle Is oalled jImh ■''" ■-—*--"' — '——■'— 

A form for ita prepare 
'b. II. 8. (18S1.) It !■ 

m to both seiei; 

They require bnt little manageiiicnt, and oonaiei 
{BaphSmi,) Apincla'la (fofi'(*.n roru. p*nc- 

Pimplr,) and A. nto'ceo.— See Outta Rosea. 

icut Rosacea, Ontta roiea^-a. of tbe Throat 
Pbarvll|riti^ follicular. 

ACNESTIS. from a, privaltve, and mun, 'to 
loraltb.' The part of the spine which eitende, 
in quttdrupedB, from between the shouldtre to the 
Lnue. According to Pollai, the middle of tbi' 
loins. Tbe vertebral column. 

ACSEaTOe, Cneorum liioocmm. 

ACO£, Andilion, Ear. 

DoTold of belly. One who Is so emaciated a< to 
tffttl' to have DO b^.— QalMk. 

tion ie contained in the Ph. 

made by treating an aleokolic srtract of r«e n»I 

with dilnU nlphuric aeid/ preaipitaling by k>J»- 

dilvUtulplmricatid: tnatiDgwilbaniMaJd^r. 
coa(; again precipitating with n^mtion of ammto- 
Hto; waehing with water, and drylni;. It re- 
qairea l&O parts of cold and SO of boiling water 
to dieaolve it, but il readily diuolved by alcohol 
and elber. II oonCralliH Ibe adds, end forme 
with tbem nncrystalliiable ealte. Jt baa been 
need intamally, and especially applied eiler- 
nally, in neuralgic eases, iatnlcptieally end en. 
dermicBlly. Dose of Aconilum, gr. J. lo gr. 01. 
I AeoKitDM NmoBOSDK, A. antbora— a. Neo. 
montanum, A. uapellna — a.PBnicDlalam,A. oam- 
marum— a. Raoemonim, Aetaa apioata — a. Saln- 
tifemm, A. antbora. 

ACONU'SI, Acotn'fi, AeoSn'otl, tnm tm,, 
'audition,' and Hevvf, 'diseaae.' Morhi nWriuai 
tt audi'iAt. Diseaaea of the oan and andilion. 


ACOPIB. S«m« etfiDOB m tlu imX. PU«7 




ctrw thif naxa% to a preei<rai etoiiey irlikh was 
l!oiled in oil and aMd agaiaet weaiineu. 

AC'OPONy from a, privative, and mnc, 'weari- 
mua,' A remady against wearinesa — Fo^aS|Oor- 
reus, Ac. Ae'opumf — Celsoii Pliny. BeeAnagyrii. 

ACOPRIA, Constipation. 

ACOPROSIS, Constipation. 

ACOR BENZOiNUS, Benjainin--a. Boraei- 
ens, Boiacie aoid— a. Snooineas, Snocinio add — 
a. Salphoris, Salphnzio add— a. Tartaxioos, Tar- 
tsrio add. 

ACORB BATABD, Ilia psendaoonu — o. 
FanXf Iris psoadaconu— a. Odcrant, Aeorus 

ACORES, Adds, and Addities. 

ACOR'IA, from m, priratiTO, and nptm, 'I sa- 
tiate.' An inordinate or oanine appetite. — Hip- 

ACOBrTES* A wine made of Aoonu.— Dios- 

ACOR'MUS, from 9, priratiTe^ and KfMct, 
* trunk.' A monster devoid o£ a trunk. — Gurit 

ACORN, JUPITER'S, Vagus eastanea— a. 
Oily, OnUandina moringa — a. Sardinian, Fagns 

ACORNS. See Qaerons alba. 

AC0RU6 ADULTEROUS, Iris pseadaeoms. 

Ao'oBus Cal'amvb. a. V9ru», Oai'amu§ Aro- 
muofietu, (7. Odora'iuMf OaffoMtu tmlga*rUf Typha 
AromafieOf Aeomt Brturili^n'Ht, Otava Bugc^ta, 
S^gtetfiag or Ac'ortM, Fiagroct, £hee9t eane. Myrtle 
Flag, 8w€t* gra$», £hM«t roo^ JShoeet ruth. (F.) 
Jone roMau ou Ocmm« aroputtifuef Atore odaranL 
Nat, OnL Aroldem; AcoraoeB. (Lindley.) Sex, 
Sy&L Hexaadria Monogynia. The rkisoma — OaV' 
OMMf (Pli. U. S.)— is stomaehio and earminatire, 
Vat is rarely used. It is regarded as a good ad^ 
juTaat to bark in quinia and intermittenta. 

Ao'oRDS Palustris, Iris paeadaoorus — a» Ynl- 
gaii% Iris psendacoms. 

ACOS, Medicament. 

ACOS'MIA, from «, privatlTey and nvpotf 'or- 
der, omamenty' Disorder, irregularity in the 
critical days, aecording to Galen, who uaes the 
word mofgfkt for regularity in those days. Others, 
and partioalarly Pollux, call bald persons oKovjiM, 
becMue they are deprived of one of their most 
beantiftil ornaments. 

ACOUM'ETER, Aeo¥itm^€ter, AooAa's«M-, Aeo- 
8m'€iruwtf Acu'mettr, Aenuim'ettr, (F.) AeottvUtr^, 
from ac0v«, ' I hear,' and tunov, 'measure.' An 
instrument designed by M. Itard for meanring 
the degree of hearing 

ACOUM^TBE, Aeonmeter. 

ACOUOPUO'NIA, CojAo^nia,' fi«m aicevM, 
'I hear,' and ^«iv«, 'voice,' ** AmtfeuUatwy Per- 
oHs'tion." A mode of anseultation, in which the 
observer places his ear on the eheet, and analyses 
the sound produced by perensdon. — Donn6. 

ACOUS'MA, an imaginary noise. Depraved 
sense of hearing. 

ACOUS'TIC, Aeu^tunu, That which belongs 
to the ear; as Acomatic nerte, Aetmnio trumpet. 

Acoustic Msdicirx is one used in diseased au- 

Acons'Tica, Aeae'eiea. (F.) Aeo««<»7iie. The 
part of phyrics which treats of the theory of 
sounds. It is also oalled Phoniet, 


ACQUA BINBLLI, Aqua Binellii— a. Broe. 
ehieri, Aqua Brocchierii — a. M^nterossi* Aqua 
BinelUi — a. di Napoli, Liquor artenioaiis<— a. 
della Toffana, Liquor arsenicalis. 

ACQUETTA, Liquor Arsenicalis. 

thermal sulphureous springs are in Pi^mont. 
Their temperature is 167® Fahr., and they con- 
Ida nilphohydrio aeid and ddorida of aod^im. 

AO<^UIRED DISEASES. MorU aemtin'ii, 
M, adventi*t%%f M, epiete'ti. Adventitiowi aieeaeet, 
(F.) Maladtea acquiaee. Diseases which oocnr 
after birth, and which are not dependent upon 
hereditary predisposition. 

ACRAI'PALA, from a, privative, and spaiiraX 17, 
' drunkenness.' RemediM agdnst the effects of 
a debauch. — GorrsBUs. 

ACRA'LEA, from aitpof, 'extremity.' The 
extreme parts of the body, ss the head, hand^, 
feet, nose, ears, Ac — Hippocrates and Galen. 
See Aerea. 

ACRA'NIA, firom a, privative, and rpavtor, 'the 
cranium.' Want of cranium, wholly or in part. 

ACRA'SIA, frt>m a, privative, or 'bad,' and 
ffpanf, 'mixture.' Intemperance. Excess of any 
kind. — ^Hippocrates. 

It has been employed to denote debility, syno- 
njrmously with Acratia; but this may have been 
a typographical inaocnracy. 

ACRATi'A, from «, privative, and rparof, 
'strength.' Impotence; weakness, fainting. 

ACRATIS'MA, from «, privative, and Kzpar- 
wfttf ' to mix.' A breakfriist, oonsbting of bread 
steeped in wine, not mixed with water. — Galen, 

ACRATOM'ELI, from aKpam, 'pure wine/ 
and /teXi, ' honey.' Wine mixed with honey. 

ACRATOPE'G^, Akratope'g^, from a, priva- 
Uve, and cparac, 'strength,' and ani^if, 'a spring.' 
Mineral waters having no marked chemical qua- 

ACRATOPOS'IA, from Aeraium, and Tonf, 
' drink.' The drinking of pure or unmixed wine. 

A'CRATUM, €U(paTov, n'om a, privative, and 
Kpares, 'strength.' Unmixed wine, — Acratum 
vinum, Vinum merum, 

ACBATURB'SIS, from Aertttia, 'weakness,' 
and ovfov, 'urine.' Inability to void the urine 
from paralysis of the bladder. 

ACRE. The extremity or tip of the nose. 

A'CREA, Aerot4r%a, from tucpcs, 'the summit' 
The extreme parts of Uie body, as the feet, hands, 
ears, Ac. # 

Also the extreme parts of animals that are used 
as food. Aeroeolia, 

ACRID, from aKoos, 'a point or summit,' or 
from affif, 'apoint,'^Ae«r. An epithet for sub- 
stances which occasion a disagreeable sense of 
irritation or of constriction at the top of the 

Acrid heat, (F.) Chaleur Acre, is one that causes 
a hot tingling sensation at the extremities of the 

Acrid Poisok, See Poison. 

AcBins, in Pathology, ace certain imaginary 
substances, supposed by the humourists to exist 
in the humours, and to cause various diseases. 
See Acrimony. 

ACRIDOPH'AGI, from Mfn, 'a locust,' and 
^vw, 'I eat.' Locnet-eatert, Acridophagous 
trioes are said to exist in Africa. — Strabo. 

ACRIMONY, Actt'tfcM, Acrimo^niOf from ocer, 
' acrid,' oKtSf 'a point' Acrimony of the humours. 
An imaginary acrid ehwage of the blood, lymph, 
Ac, which, by the humourists, was conceived to 
cause many Psoases. 

ACRIN'IA, fit>m a, privative, and vpirw, 'I 
separate.' A diminution in the quantity, or a 
totaf suspension, of the secretions, 

ACRIS, a sharp bony prominence. Also, the 

ACRrSIA, Aeri'tie, from a, privative, and 
jcpivff, 'Judgment' A condition of disease, in 
which no judgment can be formed; or in which 
an nniavourable opinion mustbe pveii. — Hipp, 
and Galen. 

ACBI8IB, AoridJk 





AGRIT'ICAL, Ae'rito9, from a, priratiTe, and 
fffitfir, 'judgment' That which takes place with- 
out any crisis, or which does not foretell a orius; 
as a critical §vmptom, abicett, Ac 

ACRITOS, AcriticaL 

ACRIVIOLA, Tropfeolnm nugoB. 

ACROAMA, Audition. 


ACROBYS'TIA, Aeropot'tkia, fromax^, 'top/ 
and jivutf * I cover/ The eztremitj of the prepuce. 
—Hippocrates. Rufus. 

ACROCIIEIR', AcrocAtV, Aerocheir^an, from 
aKpoi, 'extremity/ and x^f '^^ hand.' The 
forearm and hand. Gorrceus. Also, the hand. 

ACROCHOR'DON, from ac^f, ' extremity/ 
and x°9^'^t * ^ string.' A tumour which hangs by 
a pedicle. A kind of hard wart^ V^rru'ca pent'' 
Ui9, — ^Aetins, Celsus. 

ACROCHORIS'MUS, from tucpof, 'extremity/ 
and ;^opcvw, ' I dance.' A kind of danoe, with 
the ancients, in which the armB and legs were 
violently agitated. 

I ACROCOLIUM, Acromion. 

ACROD'RYA, from aicpof, 'extremity/ and 
imtt, 'a ti^e.' Autumnal fruits, as nuts, ap- 
ples, Ac 

ACRODTX'IA, Erytke'ma acrod'ynum, E. 
tMrodun'tOf (F.) Acrodynie, from «Kpef, 'extre- 
mity, and oovvTif ' pun.' A painful affection of 
the wrisU and ankles especially, which appeared 
in Paris as an epidemic, in 1828 and 1829. It 
was supposed by some to be rheumatipi by others 
to be owing to spinal irritation. 

ACROLBNION, Olecranon. 


AGROMiA, Acromion. 

ACRO'MIAL, Acromm^tf. RelaUng to the 

Acromial Ar'txbt, External Seap'ular, A, 
Arte'ria Tkorae"iea humera'liMf Artire troitihne 
dea Thoraciquetf — (Ch.) A. Thoracique hunU- 
rale, arises from the anterior part of the axillary 
artery, opposite the upper edge of the pectoralis 
minor. It divides into two branches : one, eupe- 
rior; the other, inferior , — the branches of which 
are distributed to the subclavius, serratus mi^or 
anticus, first intercostal, deltoid, and pectoralis 
mcgor muscles, as well as to the shoulder Joint, 
Ac They anastomose with the superior scapu- 
lar, thoracic, and circumflex arteries. 

Acromial Nerves, Jiervi aeromia'Ue, 
Branches of the fourth cervical nerve, which are 
distributed to the acromial region. 

Acromial Yeik has the same arrangement 
ts the artery. 

the acromion and ooracoid process. 

The triangular ligament between the acromion 
and coracoid process of the scapula is so called. 

ACRO'MION, Acro'tnium, Acro'mia, Acro'mie, 
from axpot, 'the top,' and o/io;, 'the shoulder.' 
0» Acro'miif Hu'menu tummu9f Armui aummus, 
Muero hu'meri, Hoetrum porci'num. Caput Scap'- 
uUb, Aeroco'liuwi. The prooess which terminates 
the spine of the soapula, and is artioolated with 
the clavicle. 

ACROMIS, Acromion. 

ACROMPHALIUM, Acromphalon. 

ACROM'PHALON, AeromphaHium, from 
•Apof, 'the top/ and o^i^aXos, 'the naveL' The 
extremity of the umbilical cord, which remains 
attached to the fcetus after birth. 

ACROMTLE, Patella. 

AGBli-NAROOTIC, See Poison. 

A'GRONYX, from axpof, 'the snmmity' and 
fiv^, ' the naiL' Growing in of the naiL 

ACBOPARAI/TSIS/ from tucfo^ 'aztrvmitgr/ 

and wofoXvnf, 'palsy/ Paml'yne exhrewUta^tmmf 
Palsy of the extremities. Fuchs. 

AGROPOSTHIA, Acrobystia. 

AGROPSFLON, from ax^, 'extremity/ a»4 
i/^iXo;, 'naked.' The extremity of the glans penlik 

ACRORIA, Vertex. 

AGRORRHEU'MA, Rheumatie'mue extremity/ 
turn, fromaxpof, 'extremity/ and pfv^ia, 'defluxioi^ 
rheumiUism.' Rheumatism of the extremities. 

AGROS, arpof, ' extremity, top.' The strength 
of the Athletes, and of diseases ; the prominenoei 
of bones: the extremities of the fingers, Ac Set 
Acrocheir, Acromion, Ac 

AGROTERIA, Aorea. See Extremity. 

AGROTERIASIS, Acroteriasmus. 

AGROTERIAS'MUS, Aeroteri'asisy from au^ 
r^pca, 'the extremities/ henoe mKforvpia^tiv, 'to 
mutilate.' Amputation of the extremities. 

AGROTHYM'ION, from atoos, 'top,' and 
3v^«v, ' thyme.' A kind of conical, rugous, bloody 
wart, compared by Gelsus to the flower of thyme 

AGROT'IGA, from ajcp«f, 'summit' Diseaset 
affecting the excement fonotions of the externa] 
surface of the body. 

Pravity of the fluids or emunctories that opei 
on the external surface ; without fever or other 
internal affection as a necessary aocompanimentr 

The 3d order of the class Eeerit'ica of Good. 

AGROTISMUS, Asphyxia. 

AGT, ActuSf fr^m actwn, past participle of 
agere, 'to do,' 'a thing done' The effective ex- 
ercise of a power or faculty. The action of an 
agent. Aote is used by the French, to signify 
the public discussion, which occurs in supporting 
a thesis : — thus, §outenir «» Aete auz Ecolee ds 
Midednej is, 'to defend a Thesis in the School! 
of Medicine.' 

ACT^'A GIMIOIF'UGA, A. rocmo'to. 

AoTJs'A Racbmo'sa, a. OimieifugOf Oimi* 
eifuga, (Ph. U. S.) G. rtteemo'eaf Macro' tryi 
racetno'ta, Botfrophie Serpenta'ria (f) Serpen^ 
ta'ria nigra. Black analuroot, Biekweed, Oo* 
koah. Squaw root, Battleweed, Black Cokoek, 
(F.) Actfe d grappetf Serpentaire noire, JVoi. 
Ord, Ranunoidacee9. ^S^ Sjfet, Polyandria Pen- 
tagynia. A common plant in the United States. 
The root is astringent ; and, according to Barton, 
has been successfully used, in the form of decoc- 
tion, as a gargle in putrid sore throat. A decoo- 
tion of the root cures the itch. It is acro-naroo- 
tic, and has been used in rheumatism, acute and 
chronic; chorea, Ac 

Actje'a Spioa'ta, Okrtetophoria'na epica'tOf 
Aeoni'tum raeemo'«iim, Baneberry, Herb Ckrit^' 
topker, (F.) Herbe St, Okrietopke, A perennial 
herbaceous European plant, we root of which 
resembles that of the black hellebore. The root 
is cathartic, and sometimes emetic, and in over- 
doses may produce dangerous consequences. 

Acta' a America' nti, of which there are twa 
varieties. A, alba and A. ru6ra,— irAifa and red 
eokoek, is indigenous in the United States. Ii 
has the same properties af A. spicata. 

AGTE, Sambnous. 

ACTE, Act . 

ACT^E d 0RAPPE8, Aotssa racemosa. 

ACT IF, Active 

AGTIO, Action, Function. 

AG'TION, Ac^tio, Opera'tio, EnergVa, PraxU : 
from agere, actum, ' to act' Mode in which one 
object influences another. 

The animal aetione are those that occur in the 
animal body : the vital, those that are essentia] 
to life : the pkgeiologieal, those of a healthy cha- 
racter: the paikologieal, or morbijie, those thai 
occur in disease, Ac The ancients divided tht 
pkytiologieal a/ct&one into ftUalf animal, naturali 
etsnuUf partieular, gmteral, Ac See Fnnotioii. 




ACnONES NATUBALBS, see Fnnotlon. 

ACTIVE, same etymon. J>ra9*tief$§, Aeti^mu, 
Sthen'ictu, Bypentken'ieuB. (F.) Aetif, This 
adjeetiTe is lued, in Paihology, to convey the 
idea of euperabnndant energy or strength. Active 
mfmptonu, e. g. are those of excitement. In The- 
ropeuHeMf it signifies enerjjrette:— -as, an aetive 
tnatautu. The French use (he expression Mi' 
d^eint affi99ante, in contradistinction to NSdeeim* 
^xpeetanu. In Physiology, aetimt has a similar 
iignifieation, many of the fonotions being divided 
into .active and passive. 

ACTON. A village near London, at which 
there is a purgative mineral spring, like that at 

ACTUAL. Same etymon as aeiive. That 
which acts immediately. A term nsnally re- 
stricted to the rod-hot iron, or to heat in any 
form ; in contradietinction to the potential or Wr- 
tmalf which is applied to caustics or eseharoties. 

ACTUA'EITJS. Originally a tiUe of dignily 
given to the Byiantine physicians. 


ACUITAS, Acrimony. 


ACUMETER, Aconmeter. 

A'CUPUNCTUBE, Aeupunetu'ra, from aeue, 
'a needle,' and punehtra, 'a pnnoture.' A sur- 
gical operation, much in use amongst the Chinese 
and Japanese, which consists in puncturing parts 
with a very fine needle. It has been employed, 
of late years, in obstinate rheumado aifections, 
Ac., and apparently with sneeess. Aeupunctore 
i» Ukewise a mode of infanticide in some eoun- 
Iries; the needle being forced into the brain 
through the fontanelles, or into the spinal mar- 
row, Ac 

ACUROIA, Surgery (operative.) 

ACU8, Needle— a. Capitata, Pin— a. Invagi- 
nata, see Needle— a. Ophthalmica, see Needle — 
■k Paracentaea, Trocar — a. Paraeentetica, Trocar 
^a. Triquetra vulgaris, Trocsr — a. Veneris, 
Erynginm campestre. 

ACUSIMETEB, Aconmeter. 

ACUSI8, AndiUon. 

ACUSTICA, Acoustics. 

ACUSTICUS, Auditory. 

ACUTE, Acm'tue, Oxyt, o^vf, (acif, 'a point') 
(F.) Aigu, A disease which, with a certain de- 
gree of severity, has a rapid progress, and short 
duration, is said to be "acute."- (^noee'ma, 
Oryn'oeae, Ox^nu'§o§. 

iHseases were formerly subdivided into Morht 
aeutit'eimif very aonte^ or those which last only 
three or four days : if. mtbaeuiie'nmi, which eon« 
tinne seven days: and Jf. euhacu^tif or those 
which last from twenty to forty days. 

The antithesis to acute is chronic. Acvte, when 
applied to pain, sound, cries, Ac, means eAayji. 

ACUTENACULUM, Porte^iguiUe. 

ACYANOBLEP'SIA, from a, privative, «««Mf, 
'blue,' and ^Xcrw, 'I see.' Defective virion, 
which eonsists in incapability of distinguishing 
blue. — G(ithe. See Achromatopsia. 

ACYESI8, SteriUtas. 

A CYRUS, Arnica montana. 

ACYTERIUS, Abortive. 

ADACA. The SpJUgran'thv Tn^dievu, a Uala- 
bar plant, which is aerid and aromatic 

ADAC'RYA, from a, privative, and ioKfv^, 'I 
weep.' Defective secretion of tears. 

ADifiMONIA, Anxiety. 

ADAKO'DIEN. A Malabar plsai of tiie fa- 
mily ApoeynesBy used in that eonntry in diseases 
•f the eyes. 

AIVALI, Lip'pia. A Malabar plant, which 
Ihe Orientals regard as an antidote to the bite of 

the teeth. 

ADAMAS, Diamond. 

ADAMI'TA, Adami'tum, A rtry hard, whit* 
calculus. — Paracelsus. 

The first word has been used for stone in the 
bladder : the second for lithiasis or the calculous 

ADAM'S APPLE, Pomum AdamL 


ADAPTER, from ad and apto, < I fit' A tuba 
employed in pharmaceutical operations forlength- 
ening the neck of a retort; or in cases where the 
opening of the receiver is not large enough to 
admit tiie beak of the retort 

ADAR'CE, Adat'donf Adar'cie A concretion 
found about the reeds and grass in the marshy 
regions of Galatia, and hiding them, as it were : 
hence the name, from a, privative, and ^cpjrw, 'I 
see.' It was formerly in repute for cleansing the 
skin from freckles, Ac. 

ADARIGO, Orpiment 

ADARNECH, Orpiment 


The euperfieieU artery of the abdomeiif — a branch 
of the crural or femoral, which arises at the 
lower part of Poupart's ligament and ascends 
towards the umbilicus, being distributed to the 

ADD AD. A Numidian plant; bitter and 

ADDEPHAG^'IA, Adephag"ia, from aiinv, 
'much,' and' ^ysiv, 'to eat' Voracioveneee, 
Galen and Hoffman have given this name to vo- 
racious appetite in children affected with worms. 
Sauvages refers it to Bulimia. Also, the goddess 
of gluttony. 

ADDER'S TONGUE, Ophioglossum vulgatnm. 

ADDITAMEN'TUM. A term once used sy- 
nonymously with Bpiphyeia, It is now restricted 
to the prolongation of two cranial sutures, the 
lamboidal and squamous. 

AnniTAKENTVX CoLi, Appendix vermiformis 
essd — a. Necatum, Olecranon — a. ad Sacrolnm- 
balem, see Sacro-lumbslis — a. Uncatum ulnse. 
Olecranon — a. Ulnee, Radius. 

ADDUCENS OCULI, Rectus intemus ocuH. 

ADDUGTBUR DE V(EILy Rectus inter- 
nus oculi — a. d'u Oro% orteil. Adductor pollicis 
pedis — a. Premier ou moyen, Adductor longus 
femoris — a, du Pouee, Adductor pollicis man As 
— a. Second on petit, Adductor brevis — a. Troi^ 
eihne ou grand. Adductor mag^us. 

ADDUCTION, Arfduc'rto, from ad, 'to,' and 
ducere, 'to draw.' Parago'gi. The action by which 
parts are drawn towards the axis of the body. 

The muscles which execute this function are 
called Addue*tot$, 

terior medii digiti pedis — a. Oculi, Rectus inter- 
nus ocuK. 

Annvc'TOK Mstacar'pi vik'ixt Dio"iti, Mc" 
taear'peue, Car'po-metacar'peue min'imi dig"iti, 
is situate between the adductor and flexor, next 
to the metacarpal bone It arises, fleshy, from 
the unciform process of the os unciforme, and 
frt>m the contiguous part of Uie annular ligament 
of the wrist, and is inserted, tendinous and fleshy, 
into the fore-part of the metacarpal bone of the 
littie finger, from its base to its head. 

Addcc'tob Pol'licis MAirfis, A. PoVlide, A, 
ad min'imHm dig*'itum, Metaear'pO'pkalan'geu9 
poVUeie — (Ch.) (F.) Addvcteur du nonce, A 
muscle which arises, fleshy, from slmost the 
whole length of the metacarpal bone of the mid- 
die finger, and is inserted into the inner part of 
the root of the fint bono of the thumb. 




Assvo'tor Pol'licis Pedis, Autitk'€»ar, Me- 
tatar'»o-9ubphalan'geu9 pollicu,~—{Qh.J) Tarao^ 
«netatar$i-phalangien du pouee. (F.) Addueteur 
dm gro$ orteil. Arises by a long, thin tendon, 
from the under part of the oe caldB, from the oe 
oaboidos, os cunoiforme externum, and from the 
root of the metatarsal bone of the second toe. It 
is divided into two fleshy portions, and is inserted 
into the external sesamoid bone, and root of the 
metatarsal bone of the great toe. 

Bichat has given the general name, Addue'- 
tortf to Uiose of the interosseoos muscles of the 
band or foot* which perform the action of ad- 

Adductor Terto Digiti Pkdis, Prior tertii 
digit! pedis. 

Adductors of thr thigh. These are three 
in number, which have, by some anatomists, been 
united into one muscle — the Trieep$ Adduc'tor 

1. Adduc'tor longut fem'ori$, Addue'tor fern*' 
orit pnmu9f Tricepa minor, Pu*bio-/emora'lit — 
(Ch.) (F.) Premier ou mouen iuiducteur. Arises 
by a strong tendon from the upper and fore part 
of the 08 pubis and ligament of the symphysis, 
at the inner side of the pectinalis. It runs down- 
wards and outwards, and is inserted by a broad, 
flat tendon, into the middle of the linea aspera. 

2. Adduc'tor brevig, A, fem'oria tecun'dua, 
Trieep* »ecun'du9y Sub-pubio-femor a' lit ■•—(Ch.) 
(F.) iiccond ou petit Addueteur, Arises tendi- 
nous from the os pubis, at the side of its sym- 
physis, below and behind the last muscle. It 
runs obliquely outwards, and is inserted by a 
short, flat tendon into the inner and upper part 
of the linea aspera, from a little below the tro- 
chanter minor to the beginning of the insertion 
of the adductor longus. 

8. Adduc'tor magnuM, Adductor fetn'orit ter*- 
tiu$ et quartu9f magnua, I^ckio-femora*- 
2ie— (Ch.) (F.) Troiaiime on grand addueteur^ is 
much larger than either of the others. It arises 
from the ramus of the pubis, from thai of the 
ischium, and from the tuber ischii, and is inserted 
into the whole length of the linea aspera. Near 
the lower part of the linea aspera it is pierced 
by a kind of dbliqne, fibrous canal, through which 
the crural artery and vein pass. 

AD EC. The inner man. — Paracelsus. 

ADECTA, Sedatives. 

ADELIPARIA, Polysarcia. 

ADELODAGAM. A bitter Malabar plants 
used in asthma, catarrh, and gout 

ADELPHIA, see AdelphUia. 

ADELPHIX'IA, AdelpkixU; from o&X^oc, 
'brother.' Consanguini^ of pa^rts in health or 
disease. Frater^nitae, Fratra'tio. Hippocrates 
used the word Adel'phia, for diseases that re- 
semble each other. 

ADELPUIXIS, Sympathy. 

ADEMONIA, Depression, Nostalgia. 

ADEMOSYNE, Depression, Nostalgia. 

ADEN, ainv, 'a gland;' h9nc9Ad€natgia,Ade' 
ni/orm^ Ac. — see Qland. 

ADENAL'GIA, Adenodyn'ta, from aii», <a 
gland/ and aXvoi, 'pain.' Glandular pain. 

ADENECTOP'IA, from a6iiv, <a gland,' and 
UTovoSf 'removed from its place.' Dislocation of 
a gland. 

ADENEMPHRAX'IS, from ahp, 'm gland,' 
and tn^pa^if, 'obstruction.' Glandular obstmc- 

ADEN'IFORM, Adentform'te, Adenoi'dt, 
Adenoidf from Aden, 'a gland,' and Formci, 'form 
(MT resemblance.' Olan'd^fa^rmf or resembling a 

Av£mTE LTMPEATIQUB, Ijmphadeii- 

ADENI'TIS, from aiw, 'a gland,' and UU, a 
termination denoting inflammation. PkUgmt^ei^ 
adeno'ea sen glandulo'tcu Glandular inflamma* 

ADRinns LnrPBATicA, Lymphadenitis. 

ADEin'Tis Mesentxr'ica, Meuenter'ic GanglU 
oni'tia. Inflammation of the mesenteric glands. 

Adenitis Palpebrarum Coxtaoiosa, see Oph- 

gland,' ;^(tf, 'the hiuid,' awrta, 'I lay hold of,' and 
Xoyof, 'a description.' The doctrine of curing 
Bcrofala or the king's evil by the royal touch. 

ADBNOCUON'DRIUS, from ai^Pf 'a gland,' 
and x^^^P^if *^ cartilage.' Relating to gland and 
cartilage, — for example, Arthrophy'ma adenth- 
ehon'drium, a tumefaction of the gUmds and car- 
tilages of joints. 


ADENOG'RAPUY, Adenogra*pk\a, from adyr, 
'a gland,' and ypa^M, 'I describe.' That part of 
anatomy which describes the glands. 

ADENOID, Adeniform. 

ADENOIDES, Adeniform. 

ADENOL'OGY, Adenolog"xa, from a^rv. 'a 
gland,' and \oyoi, 'a description.' A treatijie on 
the glands. 

ADENOMALA'CIA, from alnv, 'a gland,' and 
/toXuca, 'softening.' Mollesoence or softening of 
a gland. 

ADENO-MENINGEAL, see Fever, adeno- 

ADENONCOSIS, Adenophyma. 

ADE'NO-PHARYN'GEUS, from a^, «a 
gland,' and ^a^y^, * the pharynx.' Some fleshy 
fibres, which pass from the constrictor pharyngis 
inferior to the thyroid gland, have received this 
name. Their existence is not constant. 

ADE'NO-PUARYNGI'TIS. Same etymon. 
Inflammation of the tonsils and pharynx. 

ADENOPHTHALMIA, Ophthalmia tarsi 

ADENOPHY'MA, Adenon'cue, Adenoneo'atM, 
from aij/v, 'a gland,' and ^vfia, 'a swelling.' 
Swelling of a gland, or glandiform ganglion. 
(F.) Glandage, Adenophyma is used by some to 
signify a soft glandular swelling; — Adenone%Uf 
one of a harder character. — Kraus. 

Adenophyma Inouinalis. Bubo. 

ADENOSCIR'RHUS, Adenoeclero'tia, from 
oin^t 'a gland,' and cKippoi, 'induration.' Scir- 
rhous induration of a gland. 

ADENOSCLEROSIS, Adenosoirrhus. 


ADENO'SUS, (AfrtcM'sM.) A hard, glandular 
abscess, which suppurates slowly. — ^M. A. Seve- 

ADENOT'OMY, AdenoUmHa, from ainv, 'a 
gland,' and r^ivv, 'I cat' Dissection of the 

ADEPHAGIA, Addephagia, Boulimia. 

ADEPS, Adepa Suillua, Oxgn'giuwi, Pinaue'do. 
Pig's flare. The fat of the hog. In the Ph. U. S. 
the prepared fat of Sum acrofOf free from saline 

Adeps Anseri'nus, Adtff an'eeria or Gooae 
qreaae, (F.) Oraiaee d^Oie, is emollient It has 
been used as an emetic. 

Adeps Camtharidibus Medicatus, Ungnen- 
tum lyttsB medicatum — a. Cortioe Daphnes gnidii 
medicatus, Unguentum epispasticnm de Daphne 
gnidio — a. Humanus, Liquamumia — a. Hydrar- 
grro medicatus, Unguentum Hydraxgyii — a. ex 
Hydrargyro mitius dictum einereum, Unguentum 
oaddi hydrargyri einereum — a. Hydrargyri muri- 
ate oxygenate medicatus. Unguentum muriatis 
hydrargyri oxygenati medioatum — 9l Hydrargyri 
nitrate medicatus, Unguentum hydrargyri nitratia 
—a. Hydrargyri ozido mbro eiplumhi aoato m^ 




dBtoi^ii^ UBjRieiitiim ophthalmieam — a. Laaro 
BiMiicstai^ UngueDfcum Uarinum — a. OtIIU, Se- 
Tiun — a. Papayere, hyoscyamo, el beIladonD& 
medioatiMy Unguentum populeum — ^a. Sulfure e( 
•ounoDiaB muriate medicatus, Unguentam ral- 
pbnratum ad Bcabiem — a. Sulfure et carbonate 
potasss medicatoa, Unguentum sulphnratum al- 
calinum ad scabiem — ^a. Tartaro stibii medicatns, 
Unguentum antimonii tartarizati— a. Ozido iin<^ 
medicatuA, Unguentum oxidi lind impnri. 

Adbps Pb^para'tus, Hog*9 lard, Barroto'§ 
grtat. Lard, Ax'unge, Axun'gictj Adept auil'iut 
prapara'twf, A. pr^spara'tutf Axun'gia porei'na, 
(F.) Orai—e de Pore, Saindoux, is prepared by 
melting pig's flare, and straining it This is 
called rendering the lard. Lard is emollient^ 
>>nt is chiefly used for forming ointments and 

ADEPT, Alchymist 

ADEP'TA MEDIGI'NA. Medieine, which 
treated of diseases contracted by oelesUal opera- 
tions, or communicated irom heaven. 

Adept A PHiLosopniA, Alchymy. 

ADFLATUS, Afllatus. 

ADUJiRENTIA, Adherence. 

ADH^SIO, Adherence. 

ADHATO'DA, Ju»tie"ia adhato'da. The 3fa- 
lafrar Nut Tree, (F.) Xoper de Ceglon. Used 
in India for expelling the dead foDtus in abortion. 
The word is said to conrey this meaning in the 

ADHE'RENCE, Adhe'eion, Adiutren'tia, Oon- 
ere'tio, Atre'na, Proe'phyeie, ProecoUe' eU, Ad- 
J^'eio, firom adhiBrere, {mi and hetrere,) 'to stick 
to.' These words are usually employed synonym- 
ously. The French often use adherence for the 
state of union, and adheaion for the act of ad- 

ADHESION, Adherence. 

flammation which terminates by an adhesion 
between Inflamed and separated surfaces, and 
which was, at one time, supposed to be necessary 
for such adhesion. 

Adke'eive is also an epithet for certain plasters 
which stick closely to the skin. 

ADIANTHUM, Adiantum. 

ADIANTUM, A. pedatum. 

ADiANTUMr ^TRiOP'icnii. A Bouth African 
plant, Nat, Ord. Filices, an infbsion of which is 
•ometimes used as an emollient in coughs, and 
in diseases of the chest. 

Adiantuk Album, Asplenium mta mnraria — 
%, Anreum, Polyfarichum. 

Adian'tum Capil'lus Vbk'bris, a. Cortandrf- 
fo'lium seu Nigrum, CapiVlue Yen'erie, from a, 

f privative, and liaivm, 'to grow wet,' from the 
eares not being easily moistened. Maiden kair, 
(F.) OapiUaire de Montpellier, A European 
plant, of feeble, aromatic and demulcent pro- 
perties. It is used for forming the ^irop de Cb- 
piUaire or OapiUaire, 

Adiahtum Corxandbifoliuk, a. CapiUns Ye- 

Adiaktvv Nigrum, A. CapiUns Veneris. 

Adias'tuk Pbda'tum, a, Canaden'ei sen P<u 
tene, Adiantum, CapiVlua Ven*erie Canaden'eie, 
Herha Ven'erie, Filix Ven'eria, Oanada Metiden- 
Xair, American Maidenhair, Rock/em, Sweet/em, 
(F.) Capillaire du Oanada, has the same proper- 
ties. Capillaire was once made from this. See 

Adi AirruK Ritbruv, Asplenium trichomanoides. 

ADIAPHORO'SIS, Adiaphote^eit, from a, pri- 
TRtive, him, * through,' and ^«paf, ' a pore.' Defect 
or mppression of perspiration, Adiapntue^ticu 

ADIAPH'OBOUS, AdiapKoruM, Indiff'ertnt, 

Neutral. A medicine wliich will neither do 
nor good. 

ADIAPNBUSTIA, Adiaphorosis. 

ADIARRIKE'A, from a, privatiTe, and Stuf' 

5 IV, 'to flow.' Retention of any excretion.-^ 
ADICE, Urtica. 
AJDIPEUX, Adipose. 

ADIPOCERA, A<^f>oeiV« — a. Cetosa, Ceto- 

ADIPOCIItE, Adipoee'ra, from adepe, 'fat,' 
and eera, 'wax.' The base of biliary calculi, 
called also ChoVeeterine, Also, a sort of soap, 
formed from animal matter under certain circum- 
stances. (F.) Gra» dee Cadavree, Orae dee Oime^ 
tiiree. The human body, when it has been for some 
weeks in water, assumes this appearance ; and it 
has been a subject of legal inquiry, what length 
of time is necessary to produce it This musty 
of course, depend upon Tarious circumstances, aa 
climate, season, Ac. 


AD'IPOSE, Ad'ipotie, Adipo'eue, from adepts 
'fat' (E,)Adipeux, That which relates to fat>— 
as Adipoee membrane. A, veeeeh, Ac. See Fat^. 

Ad'ipose Sarco'ma of Aberre'tbt, Emphy'ma 
eareo'ma adipo'eum, is suetty throughout, and 
enclosed in a thin capsule of condensed areolar 
substance, connected by means of minute vessels. 
It is chiefly found on the fore and back parts of 
the trunk. Bee Sarcoma. 

ADIPOSIS. See Polysarcia. 

AntPO'sis Hepat'ica, Pimelo'tie hepat'xeet. 
Fatty liver. Fatty degeneration of the liver, (F.) 
Dfginfreeeence graieeeuee du Foie, Fatty dis- 
ease of the liver. 

ADIP08U8, Fatty. 

ADIP0U8, Fatty. 

ADIP'SIA, JDipeo'eie expere. Absence of thirst 

ADIP'SON, Adip'eum, from a, privative^ and 
iiyla, 'thirst' Any substance which relievei 
thirst Applied to a decoction of barley to whidh 
oxymel was added. — Hippocrates. 

ADIPSOS, Glycyrrhiia. 

AD'ITUS, ' an entrance,' 'an approach f fiom 
adere, aditum, ' to go to.' Pro»*(^ot, The en- 
trance to a canal or duct, as Aditue ad Aqumdu^^ 
turn Fallopii. 

Aditus ad iNFtnrDiBTrLtnr, Tnlva. 

ADIULIS'TOS, from a, privative, and inXtim, 
'Istr^n/ Unstrained wine for pharmaeeutiGal 
purposes. — GorrsBUs. 

ADJUNCTUM, Accompaniment 

ADJUTOR PARTtS, Accoucheur. 

AD'JUVANT, Ad'juvane, from adjuvetre, <to 
aid.' A medicine, introduced into a prescription 
to md the operation of the prineipal ingredient 
or basis. Also, whatever assists in the removal 
or prevention of disease. 

ADNASCENTIA, Prosphysis. 

ADNATA (TUNICA,) Conjunctiva. 

ADN£e {MEMBRANE,) Conjunctiva. 

ADOLES'CENCE, AdoUeeen'tia, Juvem'trnt^ 
JBtae bona. Youth; from adoleecere {ad apd 
o/escere) ' to grow.' {T.) Jeuneeee, The period 
between puberty and that at which the body 
acquires its full development; being, in mui, 
between the 14th and 25th years ; and, in womaDt 
between the 12th and 21st 

ADOLSS'CENS, Ju'venie, J7sie'l««, h'^e'ter, 
JIfebe'tor, A youth. A young man in the p<aiod 
of adoleseenee. 

ADO'LIA. A Malabar plant, whoso lear^ 
put in oil, form a linimen^ uoa bx IhirflHatittg 

ADOR, Zeamaya. 

ADORIOK, Daucof :aroU. 





AD PONDUS OM'NIUM. The weight of the 
whole. In a prescription it means, that any 
|MU*ticaIar ingredient shall equal in weight the 
whole of the others. 

AD RAO ANT, Tragacantha. 

ADRA RIZA, Aristolochia clematitis. 

ADROBO'LON, from adpo(, 'great,' and^Xo;, 
* mass.' The bdellium of India, which is in larger 
pieces than that of Arabia. 

ADROS, aipoi, ' plump and fiill.' Applied to 
the habit of body, and also to the pulse. — Hippo- 

ADS ARIA PAL A, Dolichos pruriens. 

ADSPIRATIO, Aspiration, Inspiration. 

ADSTANS, Prostate. 


ADSTRICTIO Astriction, Constipation* 

ADSTRICTORIA, Astringents. 

ADSTRINGENTIA, Astringents. 

ADULAS'SO. T^he Juatitia hivalvi: A small 
ghrub, used in India as a local application in gout. 

ADULT, see Adult age. 

Adult Aqb, Andri'a, from adoleaeerej 'to 
grow to,' {ad and olerCf o^ifum, ' to gjrow.') Ft- 
riVittf, The age succeeding adolescence, and pre- 
ceding old age. In the civil law, an adult is one, 
who, if a boy, has attained the age of fourteen 
Tears ; and, if a girl, of twelve. In the common 
law, one of full age. Adult, AdtU'tua, is also 
used for one in the adult age. 

ADULTERATIO, Falsification. 

ADULT US, see Adult age. 

ADUNCATIO UNGUIUM, Onychogryphosis. 

ADURENS, Caustic, 

ADURION, Rhus ooriaria. 

ADUST, Adut'tutf from adurere, (ad and 
mrerCf) 'to bum.' The blood and fluids were 
formerly said to be adust, when there was much 
heat in the constitution and bat littie serum in 
the blood. 

ADUSTIO, Adustion, Bum. 

ADUS'TION, Adut'tio, State of the body 
described under Adust. In surgery, it signifies 


ADVENTITIUS, Accidental. 

ADYNA'MIA, Tmpoten'tia ; from a, privatiye, 
and ivvaitif, 'strength,' Adyna'aia, Adyna'tia, 
Considerable debility of tho vital powers ; as in 
typhus fever. Some Nosologists have a class of 
diseases under the name AdynamuB, Ec'lyaet, 
Morbi aatheu'ici, 

AoTNAmA ViRiLTS, Impotence. 

ADYNAM'IC, Adynam'icua, ffypodynam'ie, 
Bypodynam'iena ; same etymon. Appertaining 
fo debility of the vital powers. 

ADYNASIA, AdyTiamia. 

ADYNATIA, Adynamia. 



ADYNATOS, Sickly. 

JEDCEA, Genital Organs. 

iED(£'AGRA, from atiotOf 'genital organs,' 
and aypa^ ' seizure.' Gout in the genitals. 

ADCEAG'RAPHY, JEdcRagraph'ia, from oi- 
^la, ' organs of generation,' and xfMi^c#, ' I de- 
scribe.' A description of the organs of gene- 
• ration. 

.fiDCBAL'OGY, JBdcealog'^ta, from atSota, 'the 
I*qdendum,' and Xoyo;, 'a description.' A treatise 
#11 the organs of generation. 

iBDCBAT'OMY, jEdwatom'ia, JSdceotom'ia, 
^diBot'omif j^daeot^omy, from aiiota, 'the pu- 
tfmdum,' and rttttm, 'I cot' Dissection of the 
parts of generation. 

iEBDCEI'TIS, jEdceoti'tit, MtdtH'tU; from ai- 

l9ia, 'genital organs,' and «ft«, denoting faiflaai- 
mation. Inflammation of the genital organs. 
iED(EOBL£NORRH(EA, Lencorrhoea. 
^DCEODYN'IA, from aiooio, 'genital organs' 
and oivvnif * pain.' Pain in the genitals. Pnden- 

^D(EOGARGALUS, Masturbation, Nym- 

^D(EOGARGARISMUS, Masturbation, 

iED(EOMANIA, Nymphomania. 

J?D(EON, Inguen. 

.£D(EOPSOPHESIS, iEdoeopsophia. 

^DCEOPSOPH'IA, jEd<Bop9ophe'9i»f from m- 
ioia, 'the pudendum,' and ^o^tiv, 'to make a 
noise.' Emission of wind by the urethra in man, 
by the vagina in woman. — Sauvages and Sagor. 

iED(E0P80PniA Uterika, Physometra. 

.£DGSOTITIS, ^doeitis— ffi. Gangrst^nosa, 
Colpocace — fe. Gangrasnosa puellarum, Colpo> 
cace infantilis — ae. Gangrasnosa puerperarumy 
Colpocace pnerperarum. 

^DCEOTOME, iEdoeatomy. 

-ffiDCEOTOMIA, ^doeatomy. 

-ffiDCEOTOMY, -ffidoeatomy. 

iEDOPTOSIS, Hysteroptosis— 8&. Uteri, Pro- 
lapsus uteri — ee. Uteri in versa, Uterus, inversion 
of the — 89. Uteri retro versa, Retroversio uteri — 
aa. Vaginal^, Prolapsus V. — aa. VesiosB, Ezocyste. 

^EIG'LUCES, Aeig'lucea, from <ui, 'always,' 
and yXvKvSf 'sweet' A kind of sweet wine or 
must — Gorraeus. 

iEGAGROPI'LA, JScra^rrM)t7ut, fromaiyay^^ 
'tiie rock goat,' and wiaos, 'hair,' Bizoar d'AUe^ 
tnagntf Pila Datna'rum seu Bupicapra'rum. A 
ball composed of hairs, found in the stomach of 
the goat: once used medicinally. — Beaoar. 

iEGEIROS, Populus. 

.£GER, Sick. 

iE'GIAS, ^gia, JEglia, JE'gidea, from a(C, 'the 
goat;' why, is not known. (F.) Aigt or Aigle* 
There is obscurity regarding tiie precise meaning 
of this word. It was used to designate an ulcer, 
or speck on the transparent cornea. — Hippocrates. 

Maitre Jean uses it for a calcareous deposit 
between the conjunctiva and sclerotica. 

.£GIDES, iBgias. 

^'GILOPS, An'ehilopa, An'hylopa, from «f, 
'goat,' and wt^, 'the eye.' An ulcer at the greater 
angle of the eye, which sometimes does not pene- 
trate to the lachrymal sac, but at others does, 
and constitutes fistula lachrymalis. — Galen, Cel- 
sus, OribasiuB, A^'tius, Paulus of ^gina, Ac 

^GrRINON. An ointment of which the fruit 
or flower of the poplar was an ingredient; from 
atyttpoff ' the black poplar.' 

JRQLIA, £gias. 

.£GOC£RAS, Trigonella foennm. 

iEGOLETHRON, Ranunculus flammula. 

JEGONYCHON, Lithospermum officinale 

.fflGOPHONIA, Egophony. 

-SGOPHONICUS, Egophoni<^ 


^GRIPPA, Agrippa. 

JEGRITUDO, Disease— SB. YentricuU, Vomit- 

iBGROTATIO, Disease. 

^GROTUS, Sick. 

^GYP'TIA. An epithet for several medi- 
cines, mentioned by Galen, Paulus of JBgina, 
and Myrepsus. 

^oyp'tia Moschata, Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

JEqyb'tia SttPTB'RIA, Atyvwrta rniimfpia, 
^Egyptian alum. Recommended by Hippocr. 

JBgyp'tia Ul'ckra ; .£gypHan ulcera, Ulcert 
of the fauces and tonsils, meribed by Areuaofi 
as common in Egypt and Syria. 




JtOTPTIACUM, JEsypHxim, Mtnd^9%<m, Mel 
JB^jttiaeum^ Pkar^maeum jEgyptiaeum, A pre- 
paration of rinegar, honey, and Terdigris, scarcely 
Dsed now» except by yeterinary BurgeonB aa a de- 
tergent, See Linimentam .£ni£;mis. 

jEGYPTION, iBgyptiacnm. 

AURES, Pharmacnm ad aores. 

^OTP'TIUS PESSUS : JSffgpHan pe»9ary, 
A pcBsary, composed of honey, toipentUie, batter, 
oil of lily or of rose, safiron, each one part; with 
•ometimee a small quantity of rerdigris. 


iBIPATHEIA^ see Continent (Disease.) 

AEIPATHIA, see Continent (Disease.) 

^MOPTOICA PASSIO, Hsmoptysifl. 

iENEA, Catheter. 

iBOLECTHTMA, Variola. 

JBOLLION, VarioeUa. 

^OLLIUM, Varicella. 

JBON, aicMT. The entire age of a man from 
birth till death. — Hippocrates, Oalen. Also, the 
apinal marrow. See Medulla Spinalis. 

iBONESIS, Fomentation. 

^ONION, Sednm. 

iBO'RA, from ai«f CM, 'I suspend.' Gestation, 
■winging. — ^AStins, Celsus, Ac 

iEQDALIS, Equal. 

.SQUA'TOR OC'ULL The line formed by 
the union of the upper and under eyelid, when 
they are dosed. It is below the middle of the globe. 

iBQUIVOCUS^ EqnivocaL 

AER, Air. 


AERATUS, Carbonated. 

AiR^j Carbonated. 

JBREOLUM, ^reoluM, Chahnu. The sixth 
bart of an obolns by weighty consequently about 
2 gruns. 

^'RESIS, Mftns, 'the removal of any thing.' 
A suffix denoting a removal or separation, as 
Apkeeritit, JHariau, Ac. 

AERGIA, Torpor. 


AERIF'EROUS, AiH/er, (P.) Airifh'e, from 
r, < air,' and ferre, 'to carry.' An epithet for 

tubes which eonv^ air, as t^e laiynx, trachea, 
and bronchia. 

AERIFLUX'IJS. The dischfu^e of ga«, and 
the fetid emanations from the sick. Flatulence. 
— SauYages. 

AERODIAPH'THORA, trom tuip, 'air,' and 
ItufBopm, 'corruption.' A corrupt state of the air. 


AEROI/OGY; Airolog"%a, Airohg^'id, from 
■M^ 'air,' and Xeyvr, 'a description.' That part 
of physios which treats of the air, its qualities, 
lues, and action on the animal economy. 

AER'OMANCY, Airomaniifa, from an^, 'air,' 
and ftiavnta, 'divination." An art in judicial as* 
trology, which consists in the foretelling, by 
means of the air, or substances found in the at- 

AEROMELI, Fraxinufl omus. 

A&ROPiRITONIB, see Tympanites. 

A^ROPHOB'IA, from m, <air,' and ^o/Stff, 
'fear.' Dread of the air. This symptom often 
ftocompanies hydrophobia, and sometimes hyste- 
lia and other affections. 

a£R0PH0B'ICUS, AircpVohut; same ety- 
ason.^ One affected with aerophobia. 

AEROPH0BU8, Aerophobious. 
AEROPHTHORA, Aerodiaphthora. 
A£R0PLSUR1JB, Pneumothorax. 
AJSBOSIB, PneumatosiB, Tympaaltetf. 
AfiROTHORAX, Pneumothorax. 
iBBUCA, Cnpri subMetaa. 

uBRU'GINOUS, .£htff%no'»w, lo'de9, h<m 
JSrugo, 'verdigris.' (F.) jSrugineuae. Resem. 
bling verdigris in colour; as the bile when dis- 
charged at times from the stomach. 

ASRU'GO,io«,from««, 'copper.' Therustof any 
metal, properly of brass. See Capri Subacetas, 

JRnvao Fbrri, Ferri subcarbonaA— es. Plombiy 
Plumbi subcarbonas. 

^S, Cuprum. 

iESCHOS, aioxof' Deformity of the body ge* 
nerally, or of some part. — Hippocrates. 

'food,' [?] Caata'nea equi'na, Pavi'na, J?br«e. 
cheHnut, Buok^e, (F,) Marronier ePInde. Hat, 
Ord. HippocastanesB. Sex, SytU Heptandria Mo- 
nogynia. The bark has been advised as a substi- 
tute for cinchona. Both bark and fruit are as- 
tringent Externally, it has been employed, like 
dnchona, in gangrene. 

^SECAVUM, Brass. 

iBSTATES, Ephelides. 

^STHE'MA, MffOfifia, gen. euvBrtnarof, 'a sen- 
sation, a perception.' See Sensation and Sensi- 
bility. In the plura^ aHhe^mata, the apparatusef 
of the senses. 

iSSTHEMATOL'OGY, jE»tkematolog*'ia ; 
from attOnfta, uid Xoyof, 'a description.' The 
doctrine 9^ or a treatise on, the senses, or on the 
apporatos of the senses. 

iBSTHEMATONU'SI, JEtthematorganonu'n, 
from aivBtifLOf and vovooi, 'diseases.' Diseases 
affecting sensation. 


iESTHE'SIS, AMtie'm, from ai«r^avo/iai, 'I 
feel.' The faciUty of being affected by a sensa- 
tion. Perception. Sensibility, as well as the 
senses themselves. ~ See Sense. 

.SSTHETERION, Sensorium. 

iESTHET'ICA, from «i<r3ayo/iai, 'I feeL' Dis- 
eases affecting the sensations. Dulness, depra- 
vation or abolition of one or more of the external 
organs of sense. The 2d order, class Neurotica, 
of Good. Also, agents that affect sensation.— 

.fiSTIVUS, EstivaL 


.fiSTUATIO, Ardor, Ebullition, Fermentation* 

ASTUS, Ardor. 

iEsTVfl Volat'icvs. Sudden heat^ scorching 
or flashing of the face. — VogeL 

^TAS, Age — SB. Bona, Adolescence — sb. De- 
erepita, Decrepitude — sb. Mala, Senectus — sb. 
Provecta, Senectus — sb. Senilis, Senectus. 

^THER, EOur, from aiSvp, 'air,' or from «^m, 
'I bum.' Xtgtior mihe'reut. A volatOe liquor ob- 
tained by distillation from a mixture of alcohol 
and a concentrated acid. See iBther sulphuricus, 
and Ether. 

iBTHBR 0HLORICT7B, Chloroform; Ether, chlorio. 

.Sthbb Htdroctak'ictts, JEther Prw'netu, 
Hydroe^an'ie Ethers Bvdroey'amaU of Etk'^rine, 
Oyan'uret of Eth'uU, (F.) Ether Hvdroeyanique, 
has been advised in hooping>cough, and where 
the hydrocyanic acid is indicated. Dose, 6 dbrops. 

JBthrr LioirosiTS, Acetone. 

Mtbxb. Martialis, Tinctura seu Alcohol sul- 
ftuico-sBthereus ferri. 

iBTHER Muriat'icus, Muriotfio or Okloroky- 
drie Ether, Mu'riate of Etherine, OMoride of 
Ethyls. This ether, on account of its volatility, 
can only be kept in cool places. It has Uie pro- 
perties of the other ethers, and when usecL ig 
generally mixed with an equal bulk of alcohol. 
tt has been employed as an ansesthetio. A OMth- 
rinated Ohlorohydric Ether, (F.) £th€r Ohlofm 
hydriMu ehlori, formed by the action of Cfhhrin^ 
on Chtorohydrie Ether, has been introdaoed iait 
practice m a local ansBfUietio. 





Vlheris nitrici — 8B. Pyro-acetionf, Acetone. 

iBTHBR Sclphd'bicus, -^. Vitriol' teuty Naph- 
Aa Vitriolif Sul'phurie Ether. Ether prepared 
trora nUphuric ether and alcohoL 

Rectijied Ether, JEther recti/iea*tn», prepared 
by dUtilling 12 os. from a mixture of eul^urie 
Jlher, f^xir, /tued potaetf ^M. and dittilled 
%oater, f^ij, is a limpid, colourless, verj inflam- 
mable, Tolatile liquor ; of a penetrating and fra- 
grant odour, and hot pungent taste. Ite s. g. is 

ASther S»lphurieu§, Sulphurie Ether of the 
Pharmacopoeia of the United States (1842), 
jEther of that of 1851, is formed from alcohol, 
Oir ; eufphuric acid, Oj j poiatea, Jvj ; diutiUed 
voter, f3iij; distilling and redistilling according 
to the process there laid down. The epeciflo gra- 
vity of this ether is 0.750. 

It is a diffusible stimulant, nareotie and anti- 
■pasmodic, and is externally refrigerant. Dose, 
fftt XXX to f 3IS8. When ether is inhaled, it is 
round to be a Taluable anaesthetic agent ; and is 
•mployed with advantage in spasmodic affections, 
and in surgical operations. See AnsBsthetio. 

The Parisian Codex has an jEther ae^ticue, an 
JEther mnria'tieus sen hydrochlcr'ieHe, an ^ther 
iH'fricM seu nitro^ema, and an ^ther phoepho- 
ra'tue. They all possess similar Tirtnes. See 

JRTKEti SuLPHtnticrs Acinvs, Elixir aoidum 
Balleri — as. Sulphuricus cum alcohole, Spiritns 
aetheris sulphurici — sd. Sulphuricus cum alcohole 
aromaticus, Spiritus sstheris aromaticus. 

JEther TERBBUfTHiiCA'TUS, Terebinth'inated 
ttihar, made by mixing gradually two pounds of 
wtieohol, and half a pound of tpirit of turpentine, 
with two pounds of concentrated nitrie acid, and 
distilling one-half the mixture with a gentle heat. 
Employed externally and internally in biliary 
calculi, rheumatism, Ac Dose 20 to 40 drops, 
in honey or yolk of egg. 

iBTHEREA HERBA, Eryn^nm maritimum. 

JETHE'REAL, Eihe'real, Ethe'reoue, JSthe'. 

reut, (F.) ithirie. An ethereal tincture, (F.) 
Teinture (thirte, is one formed by the action of 
fulphuric ether, at the ordinary temperature, on 
medicinal substances. An ethereal oil is a rola- 
tile oil. See Olea Volatilia. 

JBTHERIZATIO, Etherization. 


iBTHE'REO-OLEO'SA (Remedia), from 
JBtheroleum, *a volatile oiL' Kemedlee, whoee 
properties are dependent upon the volatile oil 
they contain. 

iBTHEROLEA, Olea volatilia. 

ABTHIOP'ICUS LAPIS, Ethiopian stone. A 
•tone formerly supposed to be possessed of oon- 
•iderable virtue. — Oribasins. 

.STHIOPIFICA'TIO, uEthiapcpot'eia, JSthi^ 
ppit^mtu, ^thiopu/eie, firom JBthiope, tokd/aeere, 
'to make.' The mummy-like colouring of the 
■kin, induced at times by the use of mercurial 
•intment; and seen in bodies poisoned by arsenic. 

JETHIOPIOSIS, ASthiopificatio. 

iBTHIOPIS, SalvU sclarea. 

ABTHIOPISMUS, JSthiopificatio. 

.fiTHIOPOPOESIS, iBthiopifioatio. 

JB'THIOPS, from ai5w, 'I bum,' and «<^, 
'eoantenance.' A black or burnt countenance. 
The ancients gave this name to certain oxides 
and sulphurets of metals, which were of a'blaok 

JSthiops ALBTTft, Albino — sb. Alcalisatos, Hy- 
4rargyrum cum ereXJk — se. Animal, see Choroid. 

iBTHiOPB Martia'lis, Ferri JDeutoacfjfdmm ni- 
§rwn. The black deatoxide of iron : onoe in re- 
/mia MS M tonio, 
Jhmzopg MoMMALts, Ejdnrgjri falpbaretiim 

nigrum — ee. Narcoticns^ Hydrnrgyri snlphuretnm 
nigrum — te. per se, Hydrargyn oxydum cinereum 
— SB. Saccharatus, Uydrargyrum saccharatum— 
SB. Vegetabilis, see Fucus vcKlculosns. 

^THOL'ICES, from flK*«, 'I bum.' Fiery 
pustules on the skin. Some have considered 
them to have been hoih, 

ASTHUSA AMMI, Sison ammu 

iBTHu'sA CTXA'pirsi, F00V9 Partley, (F.) Fama 
Pereil, Petite Cinnf. Family, Umbellifera). Sex, 
Sv9t. Pentandna Digynia. A poisonous plant, 
which has been mistaken for true parsley, pro- 
ducing nausea, vomiting, headache, giddiness, 
sopor, and at times, fatu results. It resembles 
conium in its action. 

ASthu'sa Mbum, 3feym, M, Aihaman^ticumf 
seu Anethi/o'lium, Athametn'ta Meum, Liaue'tienm 
Capilla'eeum seu Meum, See'eli Jfeum, Meu, Spiff' 
nel, Baldmonejf, (F.) ithute, ilium. The root hafl 
bcMi advised as carminative, stomachic, Ae. 

ABTIOL'OQY, jEtiohg^ia, Etiol'ogy, Aitio- 
loff"ia, from airia, 'cause,' and Xeyt, 'a dis- 
course.' The doctrine of the causes of disease. 

^TFTES, from atrof, 'an eagle.' Eagle-atone, 
Pierre d^Aigle, Hydrate de triioxide defer. This 
stone was formerly supposed to facilitate delivery, 
if bound on the Uiigh ; and to prevent abortion, 
if bound on the arm. It was also called Lapi% 

MTOI PHLEBES, Temporal veins. 

JETOLION, Cnidia grana. 

AFFADISSEMENT, (F.) from fade, 'insipid.' 
That condition of the digestive function in which 
the appetite is diminished, the sense of taste 
blunted, and the action of the stomach enfeebled; 
a irtate usually accompanied by general languor. 


AFFAIRES, Menses. 


AFFECTIO, Affection— a. Arthritica Cordis, 
Cardiagra — a. Hypochondriaca, Hypoohondriaaif 
— a. Hysterica, Hysteria — a. Samatioa, Plica— 
a. Tympanitica, Tympanites. 

AFFECTION, Affe^tio, from affieio or a/ee- 
tare {ad and faeere,) 'to move or influenoe.' 
Any mode in which ^e mind or body is affected 
or modified. 

a. Vaporeuee, Hypochondriasis. 

AFFECTIONES ANIMI, Affections of the 

Paeeio'nee seu Ajfectio'nee seu Conqua^aatio' nee 
sen Confueio'nee sen Tttrbatio'nea seu Pertwrha- 
tio'nee an'imi, (F.) Affectione de fdme include not 
only the different paasions, as love, hatred, jea- 
lousy, Ac, but every condition of Uie mind that 
is accompanied by an agreeable or disagreeable 
feeling, as pleasure, fear, sorrow, Ac. 

In Pathology, Affection, Pathoe, Pathe'ma, is 
synonymous with disease: this we speak of a 
pulmonary affection, a ealculoue affection, Ac. 

AFFECTIONS DE L'AME. Aff^tions of 
the mind. 

AFFECTIVE. Thatwhich affects, touches, Ac. 
Gall gives the term affective facuhiee (F.) Faeul' 
tie affective; to functions aependent upon the 
organization of the brain, comprising the senti- 
ments, affections, Ac 

AFFECTUS, Passion — a. Fandum pesttlens, 
Cyanche maligna — a. Hyderodes, Hy(frops — a. 
Spasmodico-convulsivns labiorum. Neuralgia fa- 

AF'FERENT, Afferene, Centnyetal, Eeod'ie, 
from affero, (ad and /ero, 'to carry,') 'I bring.' 
Conveying inwards, as from the perii^ery to the 
centre The vesseli whieh eoiivej the lymph to 
the lymphitie glindi, va eilled «f treat. Ala^ 




Berres that eonvej impressions towards the nerr- 
ous centres — nervi sntobmnon'tet. 

AF'FION, Offium, O'pium, The Bantamese 
tha« designate an electuary of which opium is the 
basa^. and which they use as an excitant. 

AFFLA'TUS, Adjla'tus, Epipnoi'a, from ad, 
'to,' and ^art 'to Mow/ Any air Uiat strikes 
the body and produces disease. 

AF'FLUENCE, Af/ux^ from ajffltiere, {ad and 
yfwerc, *to flow,') 'to flow to.* A flow or deter- 
mination of humours, and particularly of blood, 
towards any part. 

AFFLUXUS, Fluxion. 

AFFU3I0, AflPusion — a. Frigida, see Aifusion 
— a. Orbicularis, Placenta 

AFFU'SION, Affu'no, Pro^ehytU, Epich*yn», 
from ady 'to,' taid /undtret fttntmf 'to pour.' The 
acdon of pouring a liquid on any body. Affu- 
noma, Bkjffritolu'tia, cold and warm, are used in 
different diseases. The cold affunon, Affu'no 
sen Per/u'*io /rig"idap is said to hare been bene- 
ficial in cutting short typhus fever and scarlatina, 
if used during the firat days. It consists in pla- 
cing the patient in a tub, and pouring cold water 
over him ; then wiping him dry, and putting him 
to bed. The only precaution necessary, is, to 
use it in the state of greatest heat and exacerba- 
tion ; not when chillkiess, or topical inflamma- 
tion, is present. 

AFIUM, Opium. 

AFTER-BIRTH, Secundines. 

AFTER-PAINS, see Pains, labour. 

AG ACE 3f EXT, (P.) from a«o{«y, 'to sharpen.' 
The setting on edge. 

able sensation experienced when acids are placed 
in contact with the teeth. Tooth edge. Setting 
the teeth on edge. 

ritation of the system, and particularly of the 
organs of sense and locomotion, corresponding 
nesrly to the English Fidget*^ 

AGALACTATIO, Agalactia. 

AGALACTIA, Agalax'ia, AgaUu^txo, Agalae- 
ta'tiOf De/ecfttte lae'tte, Oiigoga'lia, Oligogalae'- 
fio, from a, privadre, and yaXa, 'ndlk.' Absence 
of milk in the mammas. 

AGALAXIA. Agalactia. 

AGAL'LOCHUM, from ovaXXo/tai, 'to become 
splendid,' CalambaCf Onlamboukt Ltg'num AgaV- 
lochi reri, Lig'num AVoit, L, A*pnVaih\, Xylo- 
tUolt, Aioee v*ood. A resinous and very aromatic 
wood of the East Indies, from Excaca'ria AgaV- 
loeka, Oynometra AgaFtoehutHf Alolxfylon Aged'- 
loekvm. Used in making pastils, Ac. — Diosco- 
zides, Oribasius, Paulus. 

AGAMOUS, see Cryptogamous. 

AG'ARIC, Agar'ieum. A genus of plants in 
the Linnaean system, some of which are edible, 
others poisonous. It was so called from Agaria, 
ft region of Sarmatia. — Diosoorides. - Among the 
ediUe rariettes of the Boletus, the following are 
the chieCi 1. The Agar'icue edtt'lU sen Arven'eie 
sen SyWafiewi seu Oampet'tris, (F.) Agaric eomee- 
tibU et ekampignon de couehe. 2. The Agar'ieus 
odnra'twt, (F.) Mou9$eron. The most common 
poisonous varieties are the Agar'icua neea'tory 
(F.) Agnrie meurtrier: and 2. The Agarieus 
aerUf (F.) Agaric dcre ; besides the Auranite, a 
eub-genus, which includes several species. One 
of the most delicate is the Agartctu AurarUiaeuef 
but care must be taken not to confound it with 
the A. Ptev 'o-aurantiaetUf which is very poi- 
sonous. The A. aurantlacus is called, in French, 
Oronge, See Poisons, Table of. 

AoAKic, see Boletus igniarius — a. Blane, Bo- 
letus laricis — a. de, Boletus igniarius — a. 

Bgletofl igjusiias — s, of tie Oakj 

tusigniariujh— a. Ocloranf, DsBdaleasoaveolens-* 
a. White, Boletus laricis. 

AGARICUM, Boletus igniarius. 

AGARICUS, Boletus igniarius— a. Albus, Bo- 
letus laricis — a. Arvensis, see Agaric — a. Auran* 
tiaous, Amanitse, Bolites — a. Auriculssfonnay 
Pezisa auricula — a. Campestris, see Agaric — a. 
Chirurgorum, Boletus igniarius — a. Igniarius^ 
Boletus igniarius — a. Laricis, Boletus laricis — 
a. Pseudo-aurantiacus, Amanitae — a. QueroflSy 
Boletus igniarius — a. Sylvatious, see Agaric. 


AGATHIS DAMARRA, Pinus damarra. 



AGA'Vfi AMERICA'NA, A. Batm/ea, Ameri- 
can Agave, American aloe, Maguey, from ayawofp 
'admirable.' Nat. Ord. Bromeliacess. Sex. Syet, 
Uexandria Monogynia. This plant has been 
considered diuretic and antifiypbilitic. The fa- 
vourite drink of the Mexicans — Pulque — is tho 
fermented juice of this plant. 

Agave Ramoba, A. Americana. 

Agave Virgin'ica, Jiattlemake^e matter i—- 
grows in the Southern States. The root is very 
bitter. It has been used in tincture as a carmina- 
tive in colic ; and as a remedy fur bites of ser* 
pents. I 

AGE, 'i7Xfcia, HelVkia, JEtati — Of uncertain 
etymon. Period of life. Time that has elapsed 
since birth, Ac. Fiv^ ages wre often designated 
in the life of man. I. First infancy { In/an' tia;) 
2. Second infancy {Pneri"tia;) 3. Adolescence 
(AdoleecenUia:) 4.- The adult age {VirU'ita9:) 
5. Old age (Senec'tuM.) 

AGENEIOS, Imberbis. 

AGEN'ESIS, from a, privative, and yevtnt, 
'generation.' Imperfect development of any pari 
of the body; as cerebral ageneeie, i. e. imperfect 
development of the brain in the foetus. 

AGENNESIA, Impotence, Sterilitas. 

AGENNESIS, Impotence. 

AGENOSO'MUS; from o, privative, Yswam, 
'I generate,' and ewfiaf 'body.' A malformation 
in which the fissure and eventration are chiefly 
in the lower part of the abdomen ; the urinary 
or sexual apparatus absent or very rudimentary. 

AGENT, Agene, from agere, 'to act.' Any 
power which produces, or tends to produce an 
efi'ect on the human body. Morbific agents, (F.) 
Agent inorbifignet, are the causes of disease;— 
therapeutical agents, (F.) Agent tfUrapeutiquet, 
the means of treating it. 


AGERA'SIA, Intenetcen'tia, from a, privative, 
and yi^pac, 'old age.' A vigorous and green old 

AGERATUM, Achillea ageratum. 

AGE'RATUS LAPIS. A stono used by cob- 
blers to polish shoes. It was formerly esteemed 
discutient and astringent — Galen, Oribasius^ 

AGES, Palm. 

AGEUSIA. Ageustia. 

AGEUS'TIA, Agheut'tia, Ageu*»\a, Apog^'ut** 
tia, Apogeu'tia, Dytcptthe'tia guetato'rin, Pnra- 
^«n'«»«, from a, priv., and ywcij, 'taste.' Dimi- 
nution or loRS of taste, Anatthe'tia lingua. Sau- 
vages, Cullen. 

AGGLOM'ERATE, Agglomera'tnt, from ag^ 
glomirare (ad and glomerare, 'to wind up yarn 
m a ball,') 'to collect together.' Applied to tu- 
mours or glands in aggregation. 

AGGLU'TINANT, Agglu'tinant, CoUet'ieuty 
•ius — a. ] Oln'tinant, from gluten, 'glue' (F.) Aggluttnaali 
r. Bole- iJ^ffiutinati/, Glutinatif. Remedlei W«W lot- 




meriy so called, which were considered capable 
of uniting divided parts. — Panlus. 

Plasters are called ctgglutinantt, (F.) aggluti- 
mattf; which adhere strongly to the skin. Cer- 
tain bandages are likewise so termed. (F.) Ban- 
deUttet agglutinativet. 

TO AQGLU'TINATE. The French use the 
word agglutiner, in the sense of 'to reunite;' as 
agglutiner let livrea cTune plaU, 'to reunite the 
lips of a wound.' 

AGGLUTINATIF, Agglutinant 


AGGLUTINATION, Cotte'm, EpirolW^U, 
ProtcoUe'nif Olutina'tio, from txgglutinare, *to 
glue together.' The first degree of adhesion. 
Also, the action of agglutinants. 

AGGLUTINER, roz^\aHixi».\». 

AG'GREGATE, Aggrega'tut, from aggregare, 
{ad and gregare,) 'to flock together/ 'to assemble 
together.' Glands are called tiggregaf which 
are in clusters. See Peyeri Glandules. Aggrt- 
gate pUU, (F.) Pilule* c^rSgativee, signified, 
formerly, those which were b^eved to contain 
the properties of a considerable number of medi- 
cines, and to be able to supply their place. 

AGHEUSTIA, Ageustia. 

AGHOUL, Agul. 

HA'LID. An Egyptian and Ethiopian shrub, 
jpimilar to Ximenia, The Ethiopians use it as a 
rermifiige. The fruit is purgative. 

AGIHALID, AgiahaUd. 

AGISSANTy Active. 

AGITATION, Agita'tio, Done'eie; from aaere, 
'to act' Constant and fatiguing motion of the 
body, Tvrhi, Tyrba'eia, In'quie9f — or distressing 
mentAl inquietude, — An'imi AgiUx^txo, 

AGITATORIUS, Conrul'sive. 

AGLOS'SIA, from a, privative, and y^ttwa, 
* the tongue.' A malformation, wbdch consists in 
the want of a tongue. 

AGLOSSOS'TOMA, from Aglotna, and eTo/ta, 
'mouth.' A mouth without a tongue. 

gra'phia, from a, priv., yAwetra, 'the tongue,' 
«ro/ia, 'the mouth,' and YP^^<*t 'I describe.' 
Description of a mouth without a tongue. — Ro- 
land (of Saumur). 

AGLUTI'TION, Agluti'h'o, from a, prir., and 
alutire, ' to swallow.' A hybrid term, designat- 
ing impossibility of swallowing. — Linnnus. 

AG MA. Fracture. 

AGMATOLOG"IA, from ay/ia, fr^ture, and 
Xoyof, ' a description.' The doctrine of fractures. 
A treatise on fractures. 

AGME, Fracture. 

of the fingers. — a. Membrana, Amnios. 

AGMINATED GLANDS, Pcyer's glands. 

AGNA'THIA, from a, priv., and yvaOof, 'jaw.' 
A malformation, which consists in the want of 
the jaw, especially of the lower. 


AGNOI'A, Agna'a from a, priv., and ytvovintf 
'I know.' State of a patient who does not recog- 
nise individuals. — Hippocrates, Galen, FoSsius. 


AGO'GE, aywyn* The order or condition of a 
Jisease. — Hippoc, Galen. Likewise the state of 
tbe air. — Hippoc, Galen, Gonwus, Foifsius. 

AGOGUE, ayiayos, a leader,' from ayu, *I lead 
or expel.' Hence CKolagogue, an expeller of 
bile : Ifydratfoguef Ac 

AGOMPHI'ASIS, Agompho'eie, ftt>m a, privo- 
tire, and yo^i^ow, 'I nail.' Looseness of the 
IMth. — Gorrieus. See Gomphiasis. 

AGOMPHOSIS, Agomphiaaii, 
^i^O^', Agoaj. 

AG ONE, Hyoscyamufl. 

AGONIA, SteriUtas. 



AGONIS'TICA, from ayvv, 'a combat' The 
part of ancient gymnastics, which had reference 
to the combats of the Athletas. 

Also, very cold water, given internally, to calm 
febrile heat — Paulus of .£gina. 

AGONIZANS, Psychorages. 

AGONOS, Sterile 

AG'ONY, Agon'iOf Agon, Agont^nuif AgonW- 
miM, Mochthue, Mogue, P»ychorag"ia, Peyehor^ 
rhag"ia, Angor, from avwv, 'a combat' The 
last struggle of life. — Galen, Gorrseus, Ac The 
agony, which is of longer or shorter duration, is 
characterized by great change in the features, 
gradual abolition of sensation and motion, loss 
of voice, dryness or lividity of the tongue and 
lips, rattling in the throat, small and intermit- 
tent pulse, and coldness of the extremities. 
This state is not present in those who die sud- 
denly. See Facies Hippocratiea. 

AGOS'TUS, from ayw, 'I lead.' The fore arm 
from the elbow to the fingers. Also, the palm 
of the hand. — Gomeus. See Palm. 

AGRA, ay(M>» from ayptt*, ' I seize hold of.' A 
seizure, as Oaontagraf a tooth seizure, toothache ; 
Ohiragraf Podagra, Ac 

AGRAFE DE VALENTIN, A kind of for- 
ceps with parallel branches, employed by Valen- 
tin in the operation for hare lip, to effect the ap- 
proximation of the edges of the wound. 


AGr£qATIVES pilules. See Aggrc 

AGRIA, Herpes exedens. 

AGRIAMPELOS, Bryonia alba. 

AGRICOCCIMELEA, Prunus Spinosa. 

AGRIFOLIUM, Hex aquifoUum. 

AGRIMONIA, Agrimony — a. Enjpatoriay 
Agrimony — a. Odorata, Agrimony — a. Officina- 
lis, Agrimony. 

AG'RIMONY, Agrimo'nia, A. Eupat</ria seu 
odora'ta seu offieina'litf Caf*al, Lap'pula hepcU'' 
tea, Cockle-bur, Stickwort, (F.) Aigremoine, NaU 
Ord, Rosacea}. Sex. SveL Icosandria Digynia. 
A mild astringent and stomachic Doee, in 
powder, from Hj to 3J> 

Agrimony, Hemp, Eupatorium caanabinnm. 

AGRIOCASTANUM, Buninm bulbocastanum, 
Lycopcrdon tuber. 

AGRIOCINARA, Sempervivum teotorum. 

AGRIORIGANUM, Origanum m^jorana. 

AGRIOSELINUM, Smymum olusatrum. 

AGRIOTHYM'IA, from ay^of, 'ferocious,' and 
^ftos, 'disposition.' Ferocious insanity. — Sau- 

AGRIPALMA GALLIS, Leonurus eardiaca. 

AGRIP'PA, jEgHp'pa, from itger partus, ' dif- 
fieult birth:' or perhaps from «yp«» 'taking, or 
seizure,' and ««»;, ' the foot' This term has 
been given to those bom by the feet It is pre- 
tended that the family of Agrippa obtained their 
name from this circumstance. Parturition, where 
tbe feet present, is called AgripptB partus, Agrip- 
pi'nue partus, 


AGRO DI CEDRO, see Citrus medica. 


AG ROSTIS, Bryonia alba. 

AG RUN A, Prunus spinosa. 

AGRYPNIA, Insomnia. 

AGRYPNOCOMA, Coma yigil. 

AGRYPNO'DES, from ayfuxvH, 'sleepleea.' 
Characterised by sleeplessness, as Ferris Ayry- 
jmodes, a fever aoeompaaicd with sleepleiinen. 




AORTPNOTICUS, Anthypnotio. 

AGRYP'NUS. «xfvr»Df. Sleepless; rigihunt 

AGVA DE VE Aug A, tt^y entgBB. 

AGUARDIENTE^ Brandy. See also Spirit 
— «. de Italia, see Spirit. 

A'QUE, from Gothic, agU, 'trembUng/ (?) In- 
termitt«nt fever. 

AouK AND Fbvsb, Intermittent fever. 

Aore Cake, Placen'ta fehri'li; Phyeo'nia 
aple'nicHm, P. tpUnica, SpUnit Tumor; (F.) Gd- 
Uau fibrile, A viseeral obstmotion — ^generally 
in the spleen — which follows agues, and is dis- 
tinctly felt by external examination. To a 
greater or less degree, it is not nneommon. 

AocB, Dead, see Fever, masked. Ague drop, 
tasteless, Liquor arsenicalis — a. Dumb, see Fever, 
maaked---a. Free, Laorus sassafras — a. Leaping, 
aee Leaping ague — a. Quartan, Quartan — a. Ter- 
tian, Tertian fever — a. Weed, Eupatorium perfo- 

AOCL, AghmU Alka'gi, the ffediw'rum sen 
Stdya'rum alkagi. A thorny shrub of Persia 
and Mesopotamia, which affords manna. The 
leaves are purgative. 

AGY'IOX, from a, prir., and yvi«y, Mlmb.' 
Mutilated or wanting limbs. — Hippocr. Weak, 
feeble. — Galen. 

AGYR'IAS, from cyvpif, 'a collection.' Opa- 
city of the crystallinc—Aetius, Par6. 

AG YBTA, frx)m ayvfc;, * a crowd.* Formerly, 
a stroller who pretended to supematnral powers. 
Subsequently, a quack or illiterate pretender. 
See Charlatan. 

AGYRTIA, Charlatanry. 

AHO'RA, from a, privative, and '««a, 'youth.' 
Tardy development of the organs : — tne opposite 
to Hyptrho'ra, 

AHOUAI, Thevetia ahonaL 
AH USA L, Orpiment. 
AHYPNLk, Insomnia. 

AWE, (F.) Ad'jutor min'itUr. An assistant 
to a surgeon in his operations. 
AIDO ROMANIA, Nymphomania. 
AIERSA, Iris Germanica. 
AIGE, MgiMs. 

the city of this name, in Normandy, is the cha- 
lybeate spring of Saint Xantin, much used in 
the l«th and 17th centuries. 


AIGRE, Acidnlons— a. Fotc See Acid. 

AIGRELET, Acidulous. 

AIGRETTE, see Typha latifolia. 

AIGREMOINE, Agrimony. 

AIGREURS, Acidities. 

AIOU, Acute. 

AIGUILLE, Needle— «. a Aeujmneturt, see 
Needle— a. d Appareil, see Needle — a. d Bee d« 
LU9r€, see Needle— «. d Oataraett, see Needle — 
«. de Deaekampe, see Needle— a. EngainSe, see 
Needle— a. d FietuU, see Needle— a. d. Gaine, 
see Needle — a. d Ligature, see Needle — a. d 
ifoaeU, see Needle— «. d Sium, see Needle— a. 
d Suture, see Needle. 

AIQUILLON, (F.) Spina Helmmftiu A 
term used since the time of Van Uelmont to de- 
signate the proximate cause of inflammation. 
According to him, an inflamed part is hi the 
same condition as if an aiguUion or thorn were 
thrast into iL 

AIGUISER, to Addnlate. 
AIL, Allium. 
AILE, Ala, ^t^eroR. 

AILERON, (F.) Extr^ma Ala sea PiWnula, 
diminutive of (F.) AiU, a wing. The extremity 

ef Ike wing of a bird, to which the great festben 


folds at the base of the broad ligaments of tho 
uterus, which are occupied by the ovary and itf 
ligament, the Fallopian tube, and the round hg^ 

A IMA, *atfia, see HsBma. 

AIM ANT, Magnet. ^ 

AIMATERA, Hepatirrhoea. 

AIMORRH(EA, Hsmorrhagia. 

AIMORRHOIS, Hffimorrhois. 

AINE, Inguen. 

AIPATUIA, Continent disease. 

A IP I, Jatropha man i hot. 

AIPIMA COXERA, Jatropha manihot 

AIPIPOCA, Jatropha manihot. 

AIR, Air, Pneuma, from aw, *I breathe.* 
Cfommon Air, Atmoepherie air (F.) Air atmoephi^ 
riqne, is an invisible, traofparent, inodorous, in- 
sipid, ponderable, compressible, and elastic fluids 
which, under the form of the atmonphere, sur- 
rounds the earth to the height of 15 or 16 

Air is essentially composed of two gases, oxt- 
gen and nitrogen, in the proportion of 20 of tne 
former to 80 of the latter. Oxygen is the vital 
portion, but the nitrogen is necessary to dilute it. 
Air also contains a small portion of carbonic acid 
gas, and has always floating in it aqueous va- 
pour, different terrestrial emanations, Ac. Iti 
effects upon the human body vary according to 
its greater or loss density, temperature, moisture, 
<i;c. ; hence, change of air is found extremely 
serviceable in the prevention and cure of certain 
morbid conditions. See Climate and Respira- 

acid — a. Alealin, Ammonia — a. Atmoeph^rique, 

Air Bladder, Swim-bladder, Steimming hlad* 
der ; (F.) Veeeie natatoire. An abdominal organ 
in many fishes, sometimes communicating by 
means of a duct with the alimentary contd, M 
others, not, which is considered by some to be- 
long to the respiratory system. Its contents are 
the elements of atmospheric air, but in different 
proportions ; and its chief and general function 
appears to be to regulate the specific gravity of 
the fish. 

Air Cells op the Lungs, Bronchial cells; see 
Cellule — a. Chamber, Folliculns aeris — a. Dephlo- 
gisticated. Oxygen — a. Empyreal, Oxygen — a. dm 
Feu, Oxygen — a. Factitious, Carbonic acid — a. 
Fixed, Carbonic acid — a. Gatft Azote — a. Inflam- 
mable, Hydrogen, Uydrogen carburettod. 

Air Passages, (F.) Voiet afrienntt, V. airi- 
fire*. The larynx, trachea, bronchia, Ac. 

Air, Pure, Oxygen — a. Solid, of Hales, Car- 
bonic acid — a. Vicii, Azote — a. Vital, Oxygen. 
AIRAIN, Bell-metal, Brass. 
AIRE, Areola. 

AIRELLE ANGULEUSE, Vaccinium myiw 
tillus — a. Ponctuie, Vaccinium vitis idea. 

Airthrey is situate about two miles north of 
Stirling, Scotland. The waters are saline ca- 
thartics ; containing ohloride of sodium, chloride 
of calcium, sulphate of sine, and chloride of mag- 
AISTHESLS. ABsthesis. 
AITHOMO'MA, from ai^of, 'black.' A bUek 
condition of all the humours of the eyOt A** 
AITIA, Cause. 
AITIOLOQY, :fitfologia. 


Id 1000 grammcii, 38.51 ci 

8, 18.0; 

rhH o( (Dlptao- 

„_•, 0.131)1 grammw of rarljooiiW of lime, 

0.0440 grnmiDoi of carbonate of mmgD«i*, 0.^141 
cruimva of corboiulfl of auda, Z.3SUT gnmmti 
of chlorido ofiDdiam, O.IBSr afiulpfaMA of khU, 
■Dd 0.U705 of tilio. Iha MmpnnMn u 134° 

The/<K(.-|.oM ■»(«■ "/ ^■■Jt-ia-anpflfc, A'jaa 
JjBimmnps'./t, (F.) A"aM if Ait-la- Vkaptlli^ ia 
nailcUj Hiding ptir. leaUr f SiTyss, lo Ajiiro- 
min*nr«(«( KaUr f Jil,, rariomti u/ wdn p. 
ii, rWor.V(» nftodium fr. ix.— Ph. P. 

Tben aro tbsniiaJ gulphiuBuiu aprioga nC Aii 
In Suvoj (OS"}, Dtid >«aB tbernul apringt at Aix 
Id ProTMM (91°). 

AIZOON, 8smp«iTiTnni Icetornm. 

A'JIHIA, A. psramirla'lit. OinKVidami'dia, 
Bu-gHtn, ». />y™«irfa7«, Teu'eriampj/mtiida'li, 
Uprlgkl Ilaylo-, Uiddli CoMound. (F.) llugit 
Bgmmlditlt. Tbii pl»at ia lubutriogmt .ud 


sre*t tot. Tbe lUbMa anil Uaglduu kttribnlsi 
Dztnordinary Tirtnc* to It. — Arabiaoi. 


ALBAMENTUM, Allminen otL 

A French acidoloiu cluljbckte, in tfas depulOMDl 
bC the Loire. 

ALBAKAB ALBA, Lepra ■Iphoido—L l(i£i^ 
L»pi* ninricana. 

ALBAR£S, Lepra alphcudaa. 

ALBABOS, Ltpra alphoidn. 

ALBATSB, Al^hutu. 


ALBiy D'iEVF, Albamen otL 

ALBINISM, K« Albino. 

ALBINIBMUB, aee Albino. 

ALBI'NO 'White.' i.ncs'fKajH, ..CWap* 
a/6iH, Z>owfo, trom a(»u, ' vhiU.' (V. ) Slaf ard, 
yign-biaitt, A ipaoiah word applied Co iudiTi- 

',g on nd; 

I TttJ paje, borderi 
BDiible, that the J e 

n chamnpitjB. 
■imilai piuper- 

Swjlt, (F.J JliH/U ramfanti, . 

AKATALIS, Janlpenu sommnnis. 

AKATERA, Janipema eommoui*. 

AKINESIA, Acineaia. 

AKOLUOY, Materia Me««a. 

AiCRATOPEU.£, Acralopegn. 

ALA, /"ir.*!, PUryj^. '• wing.' (?.) Aili. 
A term oflco oied by anatomlsta for parts which 
project liks a wiag from the mediu line ; si llie 
Ala nan', Ala of \}it •.icmi, Ae. See Aiilla and 
Paiilion of the Ear. Alaa, Fteryguim. 

Ai.a ExtREKA, lee AiUnm. 

ALABAS'TER. Alabtu'nT.m. (T.) AlMtre, 
Alaimiri'ia. A Tariet; of eompaot gjpanmi 
of which an ointment naa onee made ; — the wi- 
gatn'tum alah<utri*num ; uaod as a diBcnCieoL 
Alabaiter likowiw entered into ieveral denti- 

ALABA.STRITES, Alabailer. 

Kjmphai — a. Majoroe, Labui pudcndi — a. Mioo- 
roa, Kjmphai — a. Moliebrea minorea, Njrmphte— 
a. Naei, aee Naaoi— a. Pndendl Muliobrii, Labia 
pudcadi — ■> Pulmaaum, roe Pnlmo — a. of th( 
titenu, >ee Ala — a. Veipeitilionia, •«« UMrni. 

.,(£vl/7£A, from (F.) fail, 'milk.' To inoUg. 

ALALIA, MuUta*. 

AtAM/ltC. Alemblo. 

ALANFV'TA. A name girto b; the Arabians 


and Ion 


vbieh (hcT were in the habit of opening is 
of fcebor of the breath.— Aricenna. 

ALAQTTE'CA. The Uindooatanee name of e 
■toDe, fnnnd Id small, pulldbed fngmeat', wblcb 
la oDuaidered eSeseious Id sireFtlog hcmorrhagt 
when applied externally. It ii a lutpbnreC ol 

ALARES MUSCULI, PterTgold mneolf*. 

At.A'nii Vkhm. The luparfioia] veioa at (bt 
fold of Iba arm. 

ALA'RIA OSSA. The wlog-Uke 
the ipbenni'l bone. 

ALA'RIS, Aln'iui, AUform'iii ftem 
Ving.' Wint:.ahnp«d ! winged. 

toniDa — a. Latlfollaa, Bhamnna alatcmu 

ALA'TUB. Pleiygo'dt; Homo aU'h. 
whose seapulm project backward* like tti 

ALBAI>'ABAN, Aldabaran. The g 
W« of Ibe metaUno-f h al anpj joist 

alkio'pia. Alpha' lit ^t)itnp'iea, AUii- 
tU<ii^mtu,-Al'bw>mt, Ltuaipatki'a, i» 
VettBenll]' in tile Negro. Both aeiea 
1 to it. It does not >eem to b« true, 
at tribe* of Albinos in the interior of 
ALBINOISHUS, see Albino. 
ALBOR OVI, Albumen otL 
AL'BORA. A kind of ileh Dt eomplioatad 
ALBOT, Crucible. 
ALBOTIM, TorebintiiBa. 
ALBUOIN'EA, T^'Moa o(hijiV«, A. TittU, 
:niMu. (F.) Alb^iiJi, TiHH^<K albujfinfi. A 
stroug, fibrous, and reeiating membrane, which 
" itnedistely eoTelopea the tsatide, and has, al 
I Dppet part, an enlargement, called corpus 
ighmorianam. From ili inner anrface it seodi 
r a number of flat, Bliform prolongatioiu or 
septa, between which are oontained the semi- 
niferoua veuDli. Bitemall; it ia ooTered by th* 

ALBUOIN^E, Albnginea, Alhngineoni. 

ALBUQIN'EOrS, AUmgiu'ev, 'white,' fl^m 
oUu, (F.) Allmginfe. A l«nB applied to tex* 
tnren, bumoura, Ac, which are poifeetly white. 

ALfusin'coDa Fibbe, (F.l /'tire atbugiiitii. A 
name giren by Chnasaiar to what he eonsiden 
one of the four elementary Ibtas. 

The albugineous Bhre is linear, aylindrieal, 
tenacloDi, tlaetic, but little eiteuible. and of a 
Bhining, gatiny appearance. It forma faadse or 
fasciculi, which eODitituta the tendona. articolar 
UgamenU, and aponoumaea) hence the nam* 
AUnigititaat miwiraiif, gireu by Chaoaaier ta 
the fibroDi membraoea. 

Oanthier eonaidered, that tlie rete mncosnn 

the namea mtmbra'tim aUo^n'ta fnfvn'dn and 
mtmhra'na albugiWta •vptrfinia'lii, reapectiTely. 
ALBUOINI'Tia,- (P.) Alityiniu. A term 
' employed by aoine aurora for inflammation of 
[he albngineoua tifnne. Tbna, gont and rhen. 
matiam are regarded aa ipeelei of (be genu* 

ALBUGO OCULORUM, Lenconia — a, OtI, 
Albumen on. 

ALBULA, Leneoma. 

ALBCM CANI8, Albnm gnteniD — a. Cell, 
i Celaoenm. 

Albdm QtiMcm, Ojnat'opmt, Spn'div^ Orm- 
I ra'ruM, Alb^m Canit, Strrw Oani'trnm Aih'tm. 
■■ L The white done of tlw do^ It oondM ainiiNl 




whoUy afpkotpkaU of lime, from the bones ased 
M food. li was formerly applied as a discutiont 
14> the in«ide of the throat in quinaiee, but Ib 
low justly banished from practice. 

Album Niauuv. The excrement of the moiue. 

A LB I'M OcuLiy see Sclerotic . 

Album Rhazis. A white ointment made of 
cerusse and lard, prescribed by the*Arabian phy- 
ndan Rhazes. 

ALBU'MEN, L€Meo'ma, Oofit'a^, Osemun, from 
aWus^ * white.' (F.) A/6tciiiitt«. An immediate 
principle of animals and regetables, which con- 
stitutes the chief part of the white of egg. It is 
found in the serum, chyle, synovia, serous fluids, 
Ac There is not much difference in chemical 
eomposition between animal and Tcgetable albu- 
men, fibrin and casein: fibrin alpne appears, how- 
ever, to be possessed of plastic properties. Also, 
the white of the eye. See Sclerotic 

Albu'mex Ovi, Afitt'mor, Alhu'go Ovi, Alhor 
Oct, Cnu'didum Ovi, Albu'meHf Clare'ta, Ovi 
alhtu liquor, Albumen'tum^ Lac avit or tohiit of 
eyj, (F.) Blanc dTauf, (Old F.) Albin (Toeuf, is 
nj*ed in pharmacy for suspending oils, Ac, in 
water. See Ovum. ■ 

ALBUJirXE, Alburn. 

ALBUMINU'RIA. A hybrid term from 'Alhu- 
men,* and ovpov, * the urine/ A condition of the 
urine in which it contains albumen, the presence 
of which is indicated by its coagidation on the 
application of adequate heat. 

ALBUMISURORRh£e, Kidney, Bright's 
dLsease of the 

ALBUMOR, Albumen ovi. 

AL'CAEST, AVcaKcMt, Al'ekatti, perhaps from 
(G.) all, 'all,' and geist, 'spirit.' A word in- 
vented by Paracelsus to designate a liquor, which, 
according to him, was capable of removing every 
kind of swelling. 

The same word was used by Van Ilelmont for 
a fancied universal solvent, capable of reducing 
every body to its elements. 

Alcaest of Glauber Is a thick liquor ob- 
tained by detonating nitrate of potassa on hot 
eoals, which transforms it into subcarbonate of 

Alcaest of Rbbpoub is % mixture of potassa 
and oxyd of zinc 

ALGAHEST, Alcaest 

ALCAHOL, Alcohol. 

ALCALES'CEXCE, AlkaMtene€,Aleale9em*^ 
tia. The eondiUon in which a fluid becomes 

Alcalksceitcb of the Humoubs was an old 
notion of the humourists. It can only occur 
daring the putrid fermentation of animal mat- 
ters, which contain azote, and produce ammonia. 
Alcalin'itt is the quality of^being alealine. • 

AL'CALI or Aleam, Al'kali, from al {Arab.,) 
* Uie,' and kali, the name of the SaUo'la Soda, 
a plant which contains a large quantity of one 
of the principal alkalis — 9oda, The alkalis are 
substances soluble in water, possessing generally 
a urinous, acrid, and caustic taste, turning the 
syrup of violets green, and restoring to blue in- 
fiiiiun of litmus, which has been reddened by 
acids; reddening the yellow of turmeric, and 
having the greatest tendency to unite with acids, 
whose character they modify, and form salts with 
them. In medicine we understand by this term 
Pota—a, Soda, or Ammonia. 

Alcali, Caustic, Al'kali Cans' tieum, A pure 
■IkalL One deprived of its carbonic acid. 

Alcalis, Fixed, Soda and potassa; Volatile 
Alcali, Ammonia. 

Alcau Ahmoniacux Acetatitv, Liquor am- 
BMuiss acetatis — a. Ammeniacum fluidutn^ Liquor 
FixuiD tartMOMStiuBf Fotauao iW' J 

tras — a. Minerale sulphuricum, Soda, snlphaCt 
of — a. Tartari aceto saturatum, Potaesso acetas— 
a. Vegetabile salito depblogiKticatum, Potasssi 
murias hyperozygenatus — a. Vegetabile tartari- 
zatum, PotasssB tartra»— a. Vegetabile vitriola- 
tum, PotasssB sulphas — a. Volatile acetatom, Li- 
quor ammonisB acetatis — a. Volatile aeratum, 
AmmonisB carbonas — a. Volatile ex sale ammo- 
niaco, AmmonisB carbonas. 


ALCALINITY. See Alkalescence 

ALCANA, Anchnsa officinalis. 

TA, Prinos — a. Orientalis, Lawsonia inermis — a* 
Spuria, Anchusa tinotoria — a. Vera, Lawsoni* 

ALCEA, Hibiscus abelmoschns — a. ^gyptlaea. 
Hibiscus abelmosohtts— a. Indica, Hibiscus abel- 

Alcf/a Ro'bba, Common hollyhock. Emollient^ 
like Althaea. 


ALCHACHIL, Rosmarinus. 

AliCHAEST, Alcahest 

ALCHEMIL'LA, said to have been celebrated 
with the Alchemists [? ] A, vulga'ri$j Common 
Ladies' Mantle, Pes Leo'nis, Leontopo'dium, (F.) 
Pied de Lion, Formerly in great repute as an 
astringent in hemorrhage. 

ALCHEMY, Alchymy. 

ALCHITRAM, see Pinus Sylvestris. 

ALCHITURA, see Pinus Sylvestris. 

ALCHOOL, Alcohol. 


AL'CHYMY, Al'chemy, Alchemi'a, Alckimi^a, 
Adep'ta Philosoph'ia, from al, an Arnbio par- 
ticle, signifying 'superiority, excellence,' and 
Ohimia, 'Chymistry.' This word was formerlv 
synonymous with Chymistry ; but, from the 7th 
century, it has been applied to the mysterioui 
art of endeavouring to discover a universal re- 
medy, and a mode of transmuting the baser me- 
tals into gold : an operation to which they gave 
the name Opus magnum, and Philos<tpker*$ stone, 

Alchymy has also been called Seien'tia vel 
Philosoph'ia Hermet'iea, from an idea that Her- 
mes or Mercury was its inventor. 

Harris has well defined this chimerical artt 
' Ars sine arte, cujus principium est mentiri, Me* 
dium laborare, et finis mendioare/ 

Al'chvmist, FltUua'rius, Adepts, One pre- 
tending to alchymy. 

ALCOCALUM, Cynara scolymus. 

AL'COHOL, AVcahol, Alehool, Alkol, Aleol, 
Al'eool, Al'kooL An Arabic word, formerly used 
for an impalpable powder, and signifying ' very 
subtile, much divided.' At the present day it Ib 
applied to highly rectified -spirit of wine : — sea 
Spiritus rseti^catus or rectified spirit, distilled 
from dried subcarbonate of potassa. In the Ph. 
U. S. Alcohol is rectified spirit of the specifio 
gravity 0.835. 

Alcohol is an inflammable liquor, lighter thaa 
water, of a ^arm, acrid taste, colourless, trans- 
parent, and of a pungent, aromatic smell. It Ib 
the product of the distillation of vinous liquors ; 
is miscible with water in all proportions, and is 
the direct solvent of resins, balsams, Ac Various 
other vegetable principles are soluble in it, and 
hence it is used, in different states of concentra- 
tion, in the preparation of elixirs, tinctures, e«- 
sences, Ac, 

Alcohol acts on the animal body as a powerfhl 
stimulus : as such, in a dilute form, it is used ia 
the prevention and cure of disease. Its habitual 
and inordinate use is the cause of many serio^ 
atfectioDs, of a chronic character e8pecial\;y| «| 
visceral ohf tractioiu^ dropsy, 4c 




Alcohol Mtuhkevb Fbukattts, A. Sulfurioo- 
•Dthereas ferri — a. oum Aloe perfoli&td., Tinctora 
aloes — 0. Ammoniie et guala6i, Tinotura guaiaci 
ammoniata — a. Ammoniatnm, SpirituB ammonisB 
— a^ AmmonLatum aromaticum, Spiritas ammo- 
nuB aromaticus — a. Ammoniatum foctidam, Spi- 
ritU8 ammonioB foetidas — a. Amylicam, Oil, Fusel 
— an cum Aromatiboa sulpharicatus, Sulphuricnm 
acidum aromaticum — a. com Aromatibus oompo- 
bUqs, Tinctura cinnamomi composita — a. Casto* 
riatum, Tinctura castorei — a. cum Crotone casca- 
rlllJt, Tinctura cascarillte — a. Dilatam, Spiritos 
tenuior — a. Ferratus, Tinctura ferri mnriatis — 
a. cum Sulphate ferri tartarisatus, see Ferram 
tartarisatuin — a. oum Guaiaco officinale ammo- 
niatus, Tinctura guaiaci ammoniata — a. lodii, 
Tinctura Iodin« — a. cum Opio, Tinctura opii 
— a. Sulphuricatum, Elixir acidum HaJleri — a. 
Snlphuricum, Elixir acidum Halleri — a. 8ul- 
phuris, Carbonis sulphuretam — a. Yini, Spiritos 

thiou«. Relating to or containing alcohol — as 
an afcohoUc drink or remedy. 
ALGOL, AlcohoL 
ALCOLiE, AphthsB. 

ALCOOL, Alcohol — a. Campkri, Spiritos oam- 

ALCOOLAT, Tincture. 
ALCOOLATUM, Tinctore— a. Antiscorboti- 
enm, Tinctura de Cochleariis — a. Carminativum 
Sylvii, Tinctura de Cochleariis — a. de Croco com- 
positum, Tinctura de Croco composita. 

ALCOOLISER (F.) Formerly, 'to reduce into 
an impalpable powder.' Ko longer used. 
AL OORNOQUE (F.) Oortex Aleomoeo. The 
bark of Alehor'nea Uui/o'liaf of Jamaica, Tfhich 
has been considered capable of caring phthisis. 
It is bitter, tonic, and slightly astringent. Dose 
of the powder "^'i to ^m. 

AL'CYON, MaVcyon, A swallow of Cochin 
China, whose nest is gelatinous and rery notri- 
tious. It has been proposed in medicine as ana- 
leptic and aphrodisiac. 

ALCYO'NIUM, Battard sponge. The ashes 
were formerly employed as dentrifices : they were 
believed proper for favouring the growth of the 
hair and beard, uid were used in Alopecia. 
ALDABARAN, Albadaran. 
ALDEHYDE, see Anaesthetio. 
Black, Prinos, Rhamnus fraagoli 
Alnus glntinosa. 
ALE, Cerevisia. 
ALEACAS, Glycyrrhlxa. 
ALECOST, Tanacetum balsamlta. 

ALECTO'RIUS LAPIS, Aleeto'rta; from 
cXc«rMf , * a cock.' The name of a stone, supposed 
to exist in the stomach of the cock, or, according 
to others, in that of the oapon, four ye«^ old. 
Many marvellous properties were formerly attri- 
buted to it, which are as groundless as its exist- 
ence. There are no stones in the stomaohi except 
what have been. swallowed. 

ALEGAR, Acetum. 

ALE HOOF, Glechoma hederaoea. 

ALEIMMA, Liniment 

ALEIPHA, Liuiment 

ALEIPTE'RIUM, from aXei^, 'I anoint' 
The place in the uicient gymnasium where the 
eombatants anointed themselves. 

ALKIP'TRON. Same etymon. A box for 
^ntaining ointments. 

ALE MA, Farina. 

ALEM'BIC {Arab,) Jfoortheadf CaniteVlwn, 

Oapi^ulufftj Am'hicfu, (F.) Alamhie, A utensil 

joMde ot glasB, metaJ, or aMrlheo wari^ adapted 

serratola — a. 

for distillation. A •tilL It consists of a hody 
or ewsurhitf (F.) cucurhitey chaudiiref to which is 
attached a head or capital, (F.) ehapiteau, and 
oot of this a beak descends laterally to be inserted 
into the receiver, worm, condeneer, or re/rigertt- 
tor, (F.) terpenHn, rifrigirant, as the case may 

ALEM'BROTH {Salu) Sal AUmbrolk, The. 
alchymists designated by this name, and by 
those of Sal tapien'titB, Sal artit, Sal vita and 
S. Seien'tuB, the product resulting from the sub- 
limation of a mixture of corrosive sublimate and 
sal ammoniac. It is stimulant, but not employed. 
AZiSE, (F.) AUte, Lin^teum, from a><(M, ' I 
preserve.' A guard, A cloth arranged in seve- 
ral folds, and placed upon a bed, so as to guard 
it from the lochial or other discharges. 
ALETON, Farina. 
ALETRIS, A. farinosa. 

Al'etris, a. Farino'ga, Stargraet, Starwortf 
Blaxing ttar, Aloe-root, Bitter gra$9, Black root, 
Unicom root, Ague root. Ague grase, DeviP* bit, 
Mealy etarwort, (F.) AUtrit Meunier, Nat, Ord, 
AsphodelesB. Sex. Syet, Hexandria Monogynia. 
This plant is an intense and permanent bitter, 
and is used as a tonic and stomachic It ia com^ 
mon in the United States. 
ALEURON, Farina. 
ALEUROTESIS, see Cribration. 
ALEXANDERS, Smymium olusatrum. 

ALEXAN'DRINE, EmpUu'trum AUxan'dri, 
A garlic plaster, invented by Alexander, contem- 
porary of Mesu$. Other ancient preparations 
were called 'Alexandrine;' a« the Alexan'dri 
antid'otue au'rea, used in apoplexy ; the CoUvr'- 
ium §iccum AUx<indr%'num, or 'CoUyriumof King 
Alexander,* mentioned by A^'tiue. 
ALEXICACUM, AmtUetum, Alexipharmic 
ALEXIPUAR'MIC, Alexipkar'maeu; AnH- 
pKar'macue, Alexica'eut, Oaco-aUxite'ria, Lexi- 
pKar'macue, (F.) Alexipharmaque, from a\s!iu¥, 
'to repel,' and ^apfiaxov, 'poison.' A term for- 
merly used for medicines which were considered 
proper for expelling from the body various mor- 
bific principles, or for preventing the bad effecta 
of poisons taken inwardly. 

ALEXnwmA,Oacalexile'ria, from eiXe^av^ag, 
'to assist' Originally, eUexiteriutn was used 
synonymously with remedy. In more modem 
times it has been applied to a class of medicines, 
that counteract poisons placed in contact with the 
exterior of the body, in contradistinction to alex- 

fection — a. Nitricum, see Disinfection. 
AZiZE, Aliee. 
ALFUSA, Tutia. 
ALGA MARINA, PiU marina. 
ALGALIE, Catheter. 

AI/GAROTH, AVgarot, Algaro'thi Pulri^ 
Pulvie AngePicue, Ox'idum sen Submu'riae Stib'.ii 
prascipitan'do para'tum, Antimo'nii Ox'ydum, 
Ox'idum antimo'nii Nitro-muriat'icum, Ox'idum 
Stib'ii A^'ido Muriat'ieo oxygena'toparaUumj 
Mereu'riua Vita, Mereu*riu» Morti9, Flowert of 
Antimony, (F.) Oxyde dPAntimoine, so called from 
Victor Algarothi, a Veronese physician. The 
tuh-mwriaU of protoxide of antimony, separated 
from the muriate of antimony by washing away 
some of its acid. It was formerly much used aa 
an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic. 

ALGE'PON, from aXyot, 'pahi.' Violent pun 
about the neck of the bladder, oocaaionally oo» 
ooning in gononrhtta. — Cockbvn. 




ALVKnoTT, Pftin. 



ALGETICUS, tee Algoi. 

AL'GIDUS, from algor, 'cold.' That which 
if accompanied by coldnesa. 

Al'oida Febris, F, liorrifiea, F. hor'rida, F. 
quer'aueroj F. crvmo'detf JBty'eettu, Bry'chetut, 
(F.) Fiivre alffiae, Algid Fever, A pcmidotiB 
intermittent, accompanied hj icy coldness, vhich 
li often fatal in the second or third paroxysm. 

ALGOR, Rigor. 

ALG08, oAvof, 'pain.* Bee Pain. Hence, 
Alget'ietUf 'painful,' as EpiUp'eia algefiea. The 
Buffix algia has the same signification, —• as in 
CephaMgiaf Pleuralgia, Neuralgia, Ac. 

ALGOSPAS'MUS, from oKyos, 'pain,' apd 
nra^^o;, 'spasm.' Painfril spasm or cramp of 
the muscles. 


ALHANDAL, see Cncamis coloeynthis. 

ALHASEF, Sudamina. 

ALIBILIS, Nutritious. 

AL'ICA, HaVieajFarina'rtvm, CKondrw, from 
«i2<rc, ' to nourish.' A grain from which the ui- 
eients made their tisanes ; supposed, by some, to 
liare been the Tritieum epelta. At times, it 
seems to hare meant the tisane itself. 

AL'ICES, from aXi^w, 'I sprinkle.' Spots 
which precede the eruption of small pox. 

ALIENATIO» Anomalia — ^a. Mentis, Insanity. 


ALIENUS, Delirious. 

ALIFORMES MUSCULI, Pterygoid moBoIes. 

ALIF0RMI8, AUris, Pterygoid. 

ALIGULUS, Confection. 

A LIMA, Aliment. 

ALIMELL^, Parotid. 

AL'IMENT, Alimen'tuvi, AVima, ffarma'Ua, 
JftUri'wteHf Nu'triens, StuterUae'viunif Oiha'riumf 
Jiroma, Oomit'tef Cibue, Eeea, NutrPtU9f Nutri- 
men'tmHf Sito§f Trophi. (F.) Aliment, Nourri- 
Htre, from a/ertf, ' to nourish.' Food. Any sub- 
stance which, if introduced into the system, is 
capable of nourishing it and repairing its losses. 

The study of aliments forms one of the most 
important branches of hygiene. They are eon- 
fined to the organized kingdom, — the mineral 
affording none. 

As regards the immediate principles which 
predominate in their composition, they have been 
classed, bat imperfeetiy, as follows : — 


1. neuloeume, 

ft. MuiUgimeuB, 
3. AsceJUiHiM. 


Wtaest, barley, oats, lye, lioai Iup 

dimn com, potato, sago, peas, 

beans, Ac. 
Garrot, salsify, baet, turnip, aspara* 

gus, cabbage^ lettuce, artichoke, 

melon, Ac 
Sugar, fig, date, raisin, apricot, Ac 
Orange, currant, Rooaebenry, cher> 

ry, peaeb, strawbeny, raspberry, 

mulberry, prune, pear, apple, 

■orrel, Ac 
Ooeoa, ollre, sweet alinond, nut, 

walnut, animal ikt, (ril, butter, 

Dtflerent kfods of milk, cheeM. 
Tendon, aponeurosis, true skin, 

cellular texture; very young 


5. OUarinmu umi 

6. Cuecue. 

7. OeUtineuM, 

8. jiUvmiiume. 

9. fikrimoue. 

Br. Prout has four great classes — Che aqveoue, 
§aeekarine, oleaginotie, and aliumf none .* — Dr. 
Pereira twelre;— the aqueoue, mtteilagin&ue or 
ffummy, eaeeharine, amjflaeeome, Ugneotu, peeti" 
maetoH9, aciduloue, aleokolie, oily or /aitjf, pro- 
Uinaeeove, gelatinow, and ealine. 

XAsbIg dlrides them into two dasses:— 'the 

Brain, nerra, sggs, Aa 
Tleah and blood. 


Tiox, in which h^ comprises vegetable Jibrin, 
vegetable albumen, vegetable c<uein, Jieeh and 
blood ; and tiie NOV-mTROGEinzED elements of 
RESPiRATiax, in which he comprises, /a^ etarck, 
gum, cane eugar, grape eugar, tugar of milk, pec- 
tin, baetorin, urine, beer and epirite. The former 
alone, in his riew, are inserrient to the nutrition 
of organised tissue : the latter are burnt in respi- 
ration, and furnish heat. 

The following simple arrangement is, perhapsi 
as littie objectionable as any : 

(^/*.«i««,«f Prout) ^^liSJi^"- 

C Amylaceous. 
3. Jif^-nUrogenixed ^Um9ut$,< Saccharine 

( Oleaginous. 

The second dirision might be still farther sim- 
plified, inasmuoh as amylaceous aliments art 
conyertible into sugar during the digestire pro* 
cess ; and, from botii, oleaginous matter may bo 

ALIMENTARY TUBE, Canal, alimentary. 

ALIMENTATION, A/»men<a'<io. The act of 

ALIMENTUM, AUment, Pabulum. 

ALIMOS, Olyeyrrhiza. 

ALINDE'SIS, from aXtvioftat, 'to be turned 
about.' A species of exercise, which consisted 
in rolling in the dust, after having been anointed 
with oil.— Hippoorates. 

ALIP^'NOS, AlipeB'num, Alipan'toe, from ^ 
priv., and Xtwavuv, 'to be fat' An epithet for- 
merly given to every externa' nvAB'Jlr, devoid of 
fat or moisture; endi as pv^^drs^ — ^fJen. 


ALIP'TA, Alip'tee, U irx eV^M, 'I nnoint* 
He who anointed th<» y.tli)<*tw after bathing 
The place where this rrcji done was called Alip^ 

ALIPTERIUM, 9- * AUpta. 
■ ALIP'TICA, saritf etymon. The part of an. 
eient medicine, wUch treated of inunction, as a 
means of preservi Mg health. 

ALISIER BIANO, Cratsegns aria. 

ALISMA, A. |>lantago, Arnica montana — a. 
Grammifolisy A plantago — a. Lanceola'ta, Au 

Alis'ma Pl>>ita'oo, AK&ma, A, laneeola'ta sev 
graminifo'lia, i'ianta'go aquai'iea, Water Plan- 
tain, (¥.)PlofJm%n d*JSau. Nat. Ord. Alismacess. 
Sex, Sfftt, H' tandria Polygynia. The fresh root 
is acrid, an^ the dried leaves will vesicate. Tho 
leaves hav« oeen proposed as substitutes for Uva 

ALITUB A, Nutrition. 

AL'EALE, (yienm Oalli'na, An ancient phar« 
macentical name for pullets' fat. 

ALKALESCENCE, Alcalescence. 

ALKALI, see Alcdi — a. Ammoniacnm caus- 
tioum. Ammonia — a. Ammoniacnm spirituofium, 
Spiritus ammonise — a. Minerale nitratum. Soda, 
nitrate of^-a. Minerale phosphoratum. Soda, 
phosphate of — a. Minerale salinum, Soda, mn- 
riate of-— a. Vegetable, Potash — a. VegetAbile cum 
aceto, Potassas acetas — a. Vegetabile fizum cans- 
ticum, Potassa frisa — a. Volatile, Ammonia — a 
Volatile causticum. Ammonia — a. Volatile, con- 
crete, AmmonisB carbonas — a. Volatile nitratum, 
AmmonisB nitras — a. Volatile tartarizatum. Am- 
monia) tartras — a. Volatile vitriolatum, Amma» 
nisd sulphas. 

ALKANET, BASTARD, Lithospermnm oflTd- 
nale — a. Dyer's, Anchusa tinctoria — a. Garden, 
Anchusa officinalis — a. Officinal, Anchusa offiei- 

ALElAR^ Medicament 





ALKER'MES, Confec'tio Alker*me9, AJcher'^ 
•M0. A celebrated electuary, <}binposed of a mal- 
titade of substances. It was so called from the 
grains of kermes contained in it. It was used 
as a stimulant. Aliio, kermes. 

ALKERVA, see Ricinus commonia. 

ALKITRAN, Cedria. 

ALKOL, Alcohol. 

ALKOOL, AlcohoL 

ALLA, Cerevisia. 


ALLAMAN'DA, A. Cathar'tica sen arandi- 
fio'ra, Ore'lia grand ijlo^raf OaVaript, EekVnHa 
tcandenHy Apoe"ynum tcandetut. A snniby native 
of Guiana, the infusion of whose leaves is said by 
LinnieuH to be U5eful in Colica Pictonmn. 

ALLANTODES, Allantois. 

ALLAN'TOIC ACID, Ac"idiim attanto'ienm, 
A peculiar acid, found in the liquor of the allan- 
tois of the cow. 

ALLANTOIDES, Allantois. 

ALLAN'TOIS, AllantoVdeM, Allanto'de; Jfem- 
hra'na urina'riaf ,M sen Tnnxea Fareimina'lUf 
M, Intettina'iUy the AUantoid VeneUf from aWat, 
* a sausage.' and eiSoif * Ehape/ A sort of elon- 
gated bladder, between the chorion and amnion 
of the faHuii, which is thrown out from the caudal 
extremity of the embryo, and communicates with 
the bladder by the urachus. It is very apparent 
in quadrupeds, but not in the human species. As 
the allantoiB is developed, its walls become very 
Tascular, and contain the ramifications of what 
become the umbilical artery and vein, which, by 
the elongation of the allantois, are brought 
through the villi of the chorion, into indirect 
communication with the vessels of the mother. 

ALLANTOTOX'ICUM, from aXXat, <a sau- 
sage,' and roficov, 'a poison.' Sausage poison 
(G.) Wurstgift. The Germans have given this 
name to a pui»on developed in sausages formed 
of blood and liver. 

ALLELUIA, Oxalis aoetotella. 

ALLE'VIATOR: from arf, *to,' and levate, 'to 
raiFC.' A soother. An instrument for raising in- 
valids, invented by Mr. Jenks, of Rhode Island. 
It oonsiitts of two upright posts, about six feet 
high, each supported by a pedestal; of two hori- 
lontal bars at the top, rather longer than a com- 
mon bedstead ; of a windlass of the same length, 
placed six inches below the upper bar ; of a cog- 
wheel and handle; of linen belts from six to 
twelve inches wide; of stri^M secured at one end 
of the windlass; and at the other having hooks 
attached to corresponding eyes in the linen belts, 
and of a head-piece made of netting. The pa- 
tient lying on his mattress, the surgeon passes 
the linen belts beneath his body, attaching them 
to the hooks on the ends of the straps, and ad- 
Justing the whole at the proper distance and 
length, so as to balance the body exactly, and 
then raises it from the mattress by turning the 
handle of the windlass. To lower the patient 
a^^ain, and replace him on the mattrese, the wind- 
iaf B must be reversed. 

ALLGOOD, Chenopodium bonus Henrioas. 

ALLHEAL, Heracleura spondylinm. 

ALLIA'CEOUS, afiia'cent, from allittm, 'gar- 
lic.' IJelonging to garlic, as aUiaeeoua odour. 

ALLIAFRE, AlliaiisL. 

ALLIA'RIA, from aZ/ttcm, its smell resembling 
garlic A, cjficina'litf Erysimum allia'ria seu 
eo^difo'Uumf Sitymhrium allia^Ha, Jack-in-thM' 
h§dQef gtinking Mdge Muttard, Jfedgt Oarlic, 
iiauee-alone, Het'perU allia'ria, (F.) AUiaire, 
This plant has been sometimes given in humid 
fMrtbma and dyspnoea. It is reputed to be dia- 
phoretify diuretiC/ and antiscorbutic. 

The Parisian Codex has a compound symp of 
alliaria, Siroji d'Srynmum eompo96f which is naed 
in hoarseness. 

ALLIGATURA, Fascia, Ligature. 

ALLIOTICUS, Alterative. 

AL'LIUM, from oUo, *1 smell.' A. •ati'wmf 
Tktriaca rutNeo'riim, AmpeUp'rantmf Scor*odoHf 
ScordoH, Garlic, (F.) AiL Jfat. Ord, Aspho- 
delesB. Stx, Sjftt, Hexandria Monogynia. A 
native of Sicily, but ooltivated for use. The 
bulbi or dovtBf Ag'lithea, have a strong, offensive^ 
and penetrating odour, and a sweetish, biting, 
and caastic taste. IntemaUy, garlic is stimulant, 
diuretic, expectorant, emmenagogne (?), diapho- 
retic, and anthelmintic JSztemaUy, it is mbo- 
facient, maturative, and repellent 

Dose, one to six cloves, swallowed whole, or 
froni f Zss to f 3U* of ^® juice. 

Taylor^ 9 Remedy for Deafne»9, a nostrum, ap- 
pears to consist of garlic, infused in oil of aU 
monde, and coloured by alkanet root. 

Allium Ascalokicum, Eehalotte, 

Al'lium Cepa, Oepa vulga'rie, Cofntnon Oniony 
Cepvl'la, Orom'myon, (F.) Ot^non. Acrid and 
stimulating, and possessing very littie nutriment. 
Onions have been used as stimulants, diuretics, 
and anthelmintics. The boiled or roasted onion, 
OS a cataplasm, is emollient and maturating. 
The fresh root is mbefiscient. The expressed 
juice is sometimes used in otalgia and in rheu- 

Allium Gallicum, Portnlaca. — a. Plantagi- 
neum, A. Victoriale. 

Al'lium Porrum, Pomim. P. §€Ui'tmm, Pro- 
9»m, the Leek or Porrei; (F.) Poireau, Porreatu 
It possesses the same property as the onion. 

The virtues of the genus Allium depend upon 
an acrid principle, soluble in water, alcohol, acidly 
and alkalies. 

Allium Rbdolihs, Tencrium scordinm. 

Al'lium Victoria'lI, A. plawtagin'eum, Cepa 
vidoria'lit, Victoria'lia longa. The root, which, 
when dried, loses its alliaceous smell and taste, 
is said to be efficacious in allaying the abdominal 
spasms of pregniuit women (?) 

ALLOCHET'IA, AUotrioekefia, from «X>(k, 
' another,' and x^^ctv, ' to go to stooL' The dis- 
charge of extraneous matters from the bowels. 
The discharge of faeces by an abnormous opening. 

ALLOCHOOS, Delirious. 

ALLOCUROMA'SIA, from aX>»c, 'another,' 
and YPw/ia, ' colour.' A change of colour. 

ALLCEOPATHIA, Allopatiiy. 

ALL(£OPATHIC, Allopathic 

ALL(E08IS, Alteration. 

ALLOBOTIGUS, Alterative 

ALLOIOSIS, Alteration. 

ALL0I0TICU8, Alterative 

ALLONGEMENT, Elongation. 

ALLOPATH, Allopathist. 


ALLOPATH'IO, AUopath'ioM, Alheopatk'ie, 
AUceopath'ieut, Allop'atheM, HeteropatVie, from 
aAXo(, 'another,' and waBos, 'affection.' Relating 
to the ordinary method of medical practice, in 
contradistinction to .the homoeopathic. 

ALLOP'ATHIST, AVlopath, same etymon. 
One who follows allopathy. 

ALLOP'ATHT, AUopatki'a, Alkeopathia, Hy^ 
penantio'au, Hypenantio'ma, Oura'tio contrario'' 
rum per contra'na, same etymon. The opposite 
to homoeopathy. The ordinary medical practice 

ALLOPHASIS, Delhrium. 


ALLOTRIODON'TIA, from aXXor^of, 'fo- 
reign,' and oiovt, ' a tootii.' Transplantation of 

ALL0TRI0£C'CRISI9, from «XAorpcec 'fo. 




reign,' and uit^ns,' ' stpantioii.' The separa- 
tioa of exirmneoas matten from the body in dis- 

ALLOTRIOTEX'IS, from aXXorpiot, 'foreign/ 
and rt^n, * partariiion.' The bringing forth of 
an abnonnouf foetus. 

ALLOTRIU'RIA» from •kXnr^of, 'foreign/ 
and 99 fv, 'urine.' Admixture of foreign mat- 
ters with the urine. 

AL'LOTROPISM; from «X>of, 'another/ and 
rfamt, ' a turn or change.' A term recently in- 
troduced into chemistry; the object of whieh is 
to express the property possessed by eertain 
simple bodies, of assuming different qualities on 
being subjected to certain modes of treatment 
CarlMin, for example, fiimishes three forma — 
plumbago, charcoal, and diamond. 

ALLSPICE, see Myrtus pimenta — a. Bnsh, 
Lauras Benzoin — a. Carolina, Calyeantkui — a. 
Wild, Laurus Bensoin. 

ALLUCINATIO, HallnmnaUon. 
ALLUJiE, InflnenuL 
ALMA, Water. 

ALM ARIAB, see Plmnbl oxydum semiritreiim. 
ALMEZERION, Cneornm tricoocum. 
ALMOND, Amygdala. 

Almoxd Bloom. A liquid eosmetic, formed 
of Brazil dwtt ^, waUr Oig ; boil and strain ; 
and add itingla— ^^ gr€ma nflveatria Jy, or 
cochineal ^ij, alum Jj, borax ^^i^i boil again, 
and strain through a fine cloth. 

ALM05D Cakb, see Amygdala— a. of the Ear, 
Tonsil — a. Earth, Arachis hypogaaa — a. Paste, 
see Amygdala — a. Powder, see Amygdala — a. of 
the Throat, Tonsil. 

ALNUS, A. glutinosa a. Communis, A. gluti- 

ALNUS QLUTINO'SA, Alntu, A e<mm%'ni*, 
Btfula glutino'Ba sen emargina'ta^ £urope'an AU 
dtr. A tree which grows in Europe, in moist 
placet. The bark and leaves are astringent and 
bitter; and hence are employed in intermittents, 
and as a tonic and astringent 

Alnus Sbrrat'dla, AsiencoN Alder, has simi- 
lar properties. 
Alhcs Nigra, Rhamnns frtmgula. 
ALOCHI'A, C^om «, priratire, and X»x^^ '^^' 
ehia.' Absence of the lochial discharge. 

ALOEDA'RIUM. A compound medicine, 
containing aloes. — Qmtoos. 

ALOE, Aloes. 

ALOE ROOT, Aletris frrinosa. 

AL'OES, Al'oi, Fel Natit'rm. The Inspissated 
juice of the Aloe, Nat. Ord, Asphodeleie. iSRar. 
JSytL Hexandria MonogyniA. 

Alobs Barbadxxsis, a. hepatieft— a. Bombay, 
A. hepatiea — a. dea Bmrhadee, A. hepatica. 

Alobs Caballi'na, A. 0mnien*9i§, Home- 
aloee. Used chiefly for horses. It is collected 
in Spain and Portugal, and is very coarse. 

Alobs eh CALiBASSst, A. hepatica. 

Alobs, Capb, Skiming Aloet; a cheap and ex- 
cellent form of aloes, eolleoted at the Cape of 
Oood Hope, from Aloe feroac, A. Afrieaua, A. 
tpieataf and other species. 

Alobs, East Ixdu, A. Saoootorin»— a. Onini- 
ensis, A. Caballina. 

Alobs Hbpat'ica, A. vulga'rie, A, Barhaden'- 
tit, Nevat'ie aloee, Bombay aloee, Barba'doee 
does, A. vulga'rie extraeftmm, (F.) Aloee en eaU- 
bamee, A. dee Barbadee, This species has a very 
disagreeable odour, and an intensely bitter and 
naaseous taste. Properties the same as the last 

Alobs, Horsb, A. Caballina— a. Lucida, A. 
Snoeotorina — a. Socotrlne, A. BMceoUnioM — m> 

Alobs SrccoroRi'wA, Soe'otrine nIor§, Turiev 
aloee, Eaet India aloee, Aioie ht'ctda, A. Zoctori'' 
nia, A, epiea'Ue eitrac'tum, An'ima Aloft, is the 
best species. Its odour is not unpleasant ; taste 
Tery bitter, and slightly aromatic; colour red- 
dish-brown, with a shade of purple ; mass hard, 
friable ; fracture conchoidal and glossy ; soluble 
in dilute alcohol. Powder of a bright cinnamon- 
yellow colour. It is cathartic, warm, and stimu- 
lating; emmenagogue, anthelmintic, and stomi^ 
chie. As a cathartic, it affects the rectum chiefly. 
Doee, as a cathartic, gr. ▼. to ^J* in pill. 

Aloes. Turkey, A. Succotorina — a. Vulgaris, 
A. hepaticus. — a. Wood, Agallochum — a. Zocto- 
rinia, A. Succotorina. 

ALOET'IC, Aloneiene, A preparation which 
contains aloes. 

ALOEXYLON, Agallochum. 

ALOOOTROPH'IA, from aXoyof, 'dispropor- 
tionato/ and r^iy, ' nutrition.' Irregular nutri- 
tion. Used particularly to designate the irregu- 
lar manner m which the nutrition of bones is 
effected in rickety individuals. 

AL0PECE8, Psose. 

ALOPE'CIA, from aXovnf afox/ (this ant- 
mal being said to be subject to the affection.) 
Capillo'mm deflu'vium^ Athrix drpi'lit^ Phalae^ 
ro'tia, Depiln'tio, Trirko'»i« Athrix, Ganyra^na 
Alope'eia, Atrich'ia, Drjln'vivm sen LapeuB Pih'- 
nrm, Lipeotrich'ia, Ywlpie morlut, Baldneee, 
Falling off of the hair ,* loss of the hair. When 
this is confined to the crown of the head, it is 
called ealcitiet, although the terms are often used 

Alopecia Areata, Porrigo dccalvans — a. Cir- 
cumscripta, Porrigo decalvans — a Partialis, Por- 
rigo dccalvans. 

ALOUCBE, CratsegQs aria. 

ALOUCH'I. The name of a gum procured 
from the canclla alba tree. 

ALOUOHIER, Crataegus aria. 

ALPAM. A shrub which grows on the coast 
of Malabar. Certain parts of this, infused in oil, 
form an antipsorio ointment The juice of the 
leaves, mixed with that of calamnM, is employed 
against the bites of serpents. 

ALPHENIC, Saccharum candidum. 

ALPHITEDON, see Fracture. 

ALPH'ITON, aX^irov, Polen'ta, Fari*na. Any 
kind of meal. Toasted barley-meal. — Hippocra- 
tes. Polenta means also a food composed of In- 
dian meal, cheese, Ac See Farina. ' 

ALPHON'SIN, A(pAoii'MnHm. Akindofbnl- 
let forceps, similar to a Porte-crayon, so called 
from the inventor, Alphonso Ferri, of Naples.—- 

ALPHOS, Lepra alphoides. 


damomum — a. Qalanga, Maranta galanga. 

AL PISTE, Phalaris Canadian sis. 

ALSANDERS, Smymium olusatrum. 

ALSI'NE ME'DIA, a. avicula'rum sou vnlga'^ 
rie, from akeot, * a grove,' because growing abun- 
dantly in the woods. 3for§ue alii' tut, Holoe** 
teum Ahi'ni, Stella'ria me'dia, Mouee-ear, Ohiek- 
weed, (F.) 3/oMro» dee Oiteaux, Jforgolinc. This 
plant, if boiled tender, may be eaten like spinaoh, 
and forms an excellent emollient poultice. It 
was formerly regarded as a vulnerary and detaiw 

ALTAFOR, Camphor. 

ALTER SEXUS, Sex, female. 

ALTERANS, AlteraUve. 

ALTERANT, Alterative. 

/ ALTERATION, A//ero'lto, from alter, « o«b«v^ 
/ Aiioio'eie, AUoto'ti: Thi« word ip qft«d 'wi YxmM 


I * niorliid obuiga irhich iDpemnBf la 
Hlon or tfao ouautcnuiiii {oinmrian ilt 
IT in the itnuilara ot na organ (aiiira- 
'i;iic,) ii[ io tbsuiLtDreat Qulda eienteil 

fiprcM intiDie Chirtt ic 
iU otymology it difforei 
;er, uid nw (urmcrl; w. 

■idercil U be japible 

ofiru/i. AlLot'ieuji, Immit'taiu, An mgent con- 
at produoiag ft A^utory 
_ . . ^ , rat wi^oot noitinf uij 

iflntLble eviuufttEai]. As medtoLni] improrei, this 
nnoartua clui of remtdiei beaomsi, of aeceuily, 
fimlnuhed tn nttmlMT. Sos Eutiopbia. 

(F.) AlUraul. The French lenn likswiae 
BBiuu. Ihit which uaoiM tUnt. — SHieulo'tiH, 
Dipnl'ieut, H alllrer meuil both to cibkngg, and 
"■"■ ' " "■' '» to eipwisBM ■ 

^ tor the w 



ALTBBCUM, HjoK-fuaiu. 

ALTH^'A, rniai a>^<>, 'lo heal ;' A. oMcina'- 

low. {P,)'?"''"o<iM. ifof. Orrf, MbIvbcdbi, .?«. 
;?i,W. UanadDlpliia Poljandrii. The loam, 
Altkafa fu'lia, and rrjjt, J/tA«'B radii, PODtaio 
mush mucilnge. Tbu; are emollieot anJ d«iuul- 
MQtt 1^^ ^'B emplojvd wboraTOT medioin&ft, pofl< 
' tMning iDoh propertiiM, iro required. Id the Ph. 
U. S-, Allhsa it the root of Althun dScIobIU. 


ALTDBUS, Pbruciao. 

ALTHEXm. CurWion. I ■*« 

ALTHOS, Ucdiouncnt. 

ALTILIBAT, TerehiatMut. 

A\.W>V.l.,Att-ttt,7itnmnhUmale'n»m. A 
bolloir Bphere ofalona, glaH, or earthen wars, with 
a abort neeh projeoUng at each end. bf miane of 
Wbioh oaa ^ttt migiit bo ist upon the other. 
The uppermost had no aperture at the lop. Alu- 
d«1i were formorlj used in (be (ublimiition of 
various nubstanoiie. 

A'LULAj diiniaiLtlreof aid, <a Ring.' AUttle 

ALOM, Sfmpiijtam— a. Calaplann, Coa^uni 
■lumiuoeam— a. Berptian, SfSflXl- >C;p[eri*. 

Aldu, RorsE, ilo'num d, A«J>.', (F.) AIm de 
Kmhe. Bo called from Roaoli* in Byria, vbere 
tlifte iru a nuiuuraotor; of ib It \» b piices of 
the site of an aliaund, covervd with a reddiah 

Owaw-in Bocie Al«m, A. RoM Galli: Frag- 
tatatt of oomnioD alum, moiilened and ihakeu 
wilb pn{>ared bnlit. It Is while wbou broken. 

Alok, SuLDtioii or, CouFDUND, Lli. aluminia 

Ai.OH KaoT, Oenmiai 

mumlatao], Oeue 

ALU'MBN, (u Ambio torn, ufua,) Alum. 
JJlpertuPpAiu alu'miiia ei Polnn'ta, PoUtM-tx 
aiu^miio-tulphttt, SarpliaM Alumina Atrid'uliu 
turn Poliu'tS, SiAihtH AWmtHa:, Hufpkat Kal' 
tM-oIwaJa'ieiMi, SiUpkai almmiiia'rii, Svptml' 
flua alm'mina cl fota^ta, ArfWUt nlptu'rin 
AlcoUM'ld, A. •nirinla'la, Sttfp't'ria, Svptitul' 
phoM AniVla attalUa'Irm, ArgtVls faluulpjlii- 
»i«. (P.) Alu». 

AktmEX CAT:mH, Potub of enmmeree — a. 
fiium, aea Potash — a. KiaoMlom, PolTii aul- 
{ibatifl alumlnm KimpoiiUii. 

•Ian, Jiut o/mB, JJ«iii»»/or(i"t(aiii, X elyilur. 
liaain, A. ru'p™.!, {P.) Alon iFAagUUm, li the 
niieij siMUy anijil^jtd. Il ii in octithednl 

^ryilali, bat geserull; Id lorge. white, 
lareut mauet; bu a aweeUBh, (tfptio taslaf 
iffloreacea lo the ail, and It colablo ia 10 pans of 
nBter Ht 60°- It i> ttmio and asu^Dgent, uid oa 
inch ii aied inUnuJIf and Mtcnially. Dote, gr. 

ALu'iraW KxiieCA'Tint, Alu'mm uhHa. A. eei- 
^na'lHm, Sulpkan alu'miiut flatia, Aryit'la md. 
ptH'Wni Ufa, a^mt alum, dried al«m. (P.) AImh 
!aUi«i, (Alum melted In an earthen reuel nnUl 
ebulUtioa eoaa«.) Kiobarotle. 

AlU'hkii UaaA'unK, Soman alam, A. Ru'H- 
Um, A. liultmn. (F.) Alun dt Ilomr. In OTr»- 
talt, wiiich are of a pale red when broken, and 
evvore d wilb ■ reddish offlore aoonoc. 

AL0M1NA, ACETATE OF, AIodubki Aeetu 

— a. Oepnrata, Argilla pun — a. Purs. AtsUla 
pnra — a. Enlphate of, AlnmluiB Sulpbu. 

ALU'MIN.£ ACE'TAS, Arga'la Aat'tat.Ae"*. 
tall of Alu'mina. A deliquofceat ult, obtained 
by the addiHon of acilalt of lead to •ulphati iff 
alumina and potatta. It posiesees (be uma pr»- 
perliei aa the inlpbale of alumina. 

Alo'HIHS ET VatkMM HtPBIIS|1|:PH<S, A\i- 

men — a. et Potasiai mpecaalpbu, AliuuuD — k 
Salphae. Alamen. 

Al.1l'MlNf SCLPHIS, Aryillx Sulpkiu, S'tlpialt 

t/ Alu'mina. Einple enlpbate of alumina may 
be Toado by Ibo direct eomlilnation of aJumian 
and tHtphurie ni-i"rf, and contains 30 por cunt- of 
Iho former, lo 70 per ecnl. of the lattar. It il 

- ' ■* --■ lalt; f" " - --■'-- 



the alTei 

•AOrWE, ArRillapora. 

^tr.V, Alumeu. 

ALUKeRL, Gutta. 

A LI'S, eymphytom. 

ALUSIA, HaUueinatioD — a. IlypoeboDdrUall 


ALYAQUILLA, P«)r*Iea glanduloia. 

ALVARAS NIORA, lehthyorie. 

ALVEARIUM, Auditory esual. exleraat. 

ALVB'OLAR, Alviola'rit, from nfmu, -a oa- 
Titj.' (P.) AMolairt. Tbat wblott relate! to 

E AncDKB, (P.) Atadtt aMolalrrt, 

J the margina or bordera of the two 
are hollowod by the AlTrolL 

uppor m. 
of tlie m 

Alveolae Bordbh, Liabiu atttoUt'rii. Tho 
part of tbe Java, that ii bollowed by the bItcoIL 

Alte'olab HEHBBAKKa ar« <ery fine uivm- 
branea, tituate botweeD tbe teeth anil aWeoli, and 
foTmcd by a portion of tbe Me or follicle which 
encloaed the l<K>th bnfore it plorwd the gum. By 
lome ihia mfmbraoe bu been called the atitmlo- 

AL riOLE. Alreolaa. 


AL V^OLO-LABtAL, Bnodoator. 

ALVE'OLUS. lama etymnn. Ba'trian. Be'- 
(krirm, OdotdtAoiyrium, OdanltipltafM, Frmn, 
Uorluriolum, Rofmitot, PratOHatam. Phamt, 
Pknfttinn. PraM-pinm, Paint, PalM. (F.) AU 
eiolt. The alreuU ara Uie eoebtti ^ lA* tmi, 



AlfK^oli dtntit, Mo^nia tea Oavef'na dtn'tivm, 
iBto which they are, m it were, driven. Their 
Bixe and ehape are determined by the teeth which 
they receive, and they are piereed at the apex by 
small holes, which give passage to the dental 
Teasels and nerves. 

AI^VEUS, Auge — a. Ampallosns, Receptacn- 
lum ohyli — a. iUnpulIesoens, Thoraeio duct — a. 
Communis : see Semicircular canals— a. Utriou- 
loous : see Semicirculiur canals. 

ALVI EXCRETIO, Defecation — a. Flazns 
aquosoB, Diarrhoea — a. Laxitas, Diairhosa — a. 
Frofluvium, Diarrhoea. 
ALVIDUCUS, Laxative. 
ALYINE, Alvi'nnM, from alvtu, 'the abdomen.' 
That which relates to the lower belly, as alvine 
4ejtcttoHs^ alvine fiux, alvine ob0tructi<m9, Ac. 
ALVUS, Abdomen, Uterus — a. Adstricta, Con- 
stipation — a. Cita, Diarrhoea — a. Dura, Constipa* 
th> — a. Renam, Pelvis of the kidney — a. Tarda, 
Constipation — a. Viridis, Dejection. 
ALYCE, Anxiety. 

AL'TPON, from «, priv., and Xvwtit 'pain.' An 
acrid, purging plant, described by Matthiolus. 
By some it has been supposed to be the Globula'- 
ria alupum of botanists. 
ALYSIS, Anxiety. 
ALYSMUS, Anxiety. 
ALYSSUS, Antihydrophobio. 
AL'ZILAT. In some of the Arabian writers, 
a weight of three grains. — Ruland and Johnson. 
AMABILE, Lacuna Labii Superioris. 
AMADOU, Boletus igniarius. 
AMADOUVJBRy Boletus igniarius. 
AM ANDES, see Amygdala. 
AMANI'TJS, from a, privative, and ftavia, 
'madness :' L e. 'not poisonous.' A name given, 
by the Greeks and Romans, to the edible eKan^ 
'pignoHs. Amanita forms, at the present day, a 
genus, some of which are edible, others poison- 
DOS. Amongst others, it contains the Atjaricut 
aurantiaeut and A.weudo^auranticicut, 
AMARA DULCIS, Solanum dulcamara. 
AMARACI'NUM. An ancient and esteemed 
plaster, containing several aromatics, tho marjo- 
ram, aitapaitos, in particular. 

AMAuACUS, Origanum mi\]orana — a. Tomen- 
tosus, Origanum dictamnus. 
AMARITIES, Bitterness. 
AMARITCDO, Bitterness. 
AMAROR, Bitterness. 
AMARUCACUIT, Polyanthes tuberosa. 
AMA'RUS, Pierot, 'bitter.' (F.) Amir, The 
bitter principle of vegetables is the great natural 
tonic, and hence hittert, as they are termed col- 
lectively, belong to the class of tonics. Several 
are used in medicine; the chief are, gentian, 
quassia, cinchona, calumba, dog- wood, Ac. 

AMASE'SIS, Amaue'wi; from a, privative, and 
^aei)9tf, 'mastication.' Mastication when im- 
peded or impracticable. 
AMATORIUM, Lacuna labii superioris. 
AMATORII, Oblique muscles of the eye. 
lior oculi. 

AMAURO'SIS, 0h/u9ca'txo, Offtuea'tio, from 
aaovpof, 'obscure.' Zhop 9erene, Outta 9er^na, 
Uatarae'ta nigra, Paropn§ amauro'tit, ImmohiV- 
itttB pupil'UB, Suffu'tio nigra, Siaek cat'araeL 
(F.) ticutte-ttreine, CataraeU noire, Anoptieoner- 
vie (Piorry.) Diminutiott, or complete loss of 
■Igh^ without any perceptible alteration in the 
organisation of the eye; generally, perhaps, 
owing to loM of power of the optio norro or zo- 

tina. Counter-irritants are the most snccessftd 
remedial agents, although the disease is always 
very difficult of removal, uid generally totally 

Amaurosis Dimidiata, Hemiopia — a. Imper- 
fecta, Hypo-amaorosis. 

AMAUROT'IC, Amaurofieu* ; same etymon. 
Affected with amaurosis. 

Amaurotic Cat's Eys, Galeamauro'na, A 
name given by Beer to an amaurotic affection, 
accompanied by a ronarkable change of colour 
in the pupil, which presents, apparently in tho 
ihndns of the eye, a lighter tint, yellowish or 
brownish yellow, instewl of its natural clear 

AMA'ZIA, from a, privative, and fia^oi, 'breast.' 
A monstrosity, in which there is absence of one 
or both breasts. 

AMBARUM, Ambergris — a. Cineritium, Am- 

AMBS, from a/tPaiim, 'I ascend;' Amhi. A 
superffcial eminence on a bone. Also, an old 
surgical machine for reducing dislocations of the 
shoulder ; the invention of which is ascribed to 
Hippocrates. It is no longer used. — Hippo- 
crates, Scnltetus. See Crista. 

AMBER, Snccinum — a. Liquid : see Liquid- 
amber styraciflua. 

AM'BERQRIS, Amhra gri'gea, Amhor, Am^ 
bar, Ambra einerafeea. A, amhroeiaea, Ambarum, 
Sue'einum eine'reum, S. grfteum; Am'bamm cine" 
ri'^tiuwi. A concrete substance, of the consis- 
tence of wax, cineritious colour, studded with 
yellow and blackish spots, and exhaling a very 
pleasant odour. It seems highly probable that 
ambergris is formed in the intestines of tho 
whale, and voided with its excrements. Like aU 
aromatic substances, ambergris is slightly anti- 
spasmodic and excitant; but it is oftener em- 
ployed as a perfume than as a medicine. 

AMBIA. A liquid, yellow bitumen, the smell 
and virtues of which are similar to those of thfi 
resin tacamahaca. It is obtained from a spring 
in India. 

AMBICUS, Alembio. 

AMBIDEX'TER, Amphidex'iw, from amho, 
'both,' and dexter, 'right' One who uses both 
hands with equal facility. Celsns says the sur- 
geon ought to be 'non minue nnietrd qimm (/ex- 
trd promptue. One of the aphorisms of Hippo- 
crates says, that a woman is never ambidexter. 
This is a mistake. 

AMBIL^VUS, Ampharisteros. 


AMBLOMA, Abortion. 

AMBLOSIS, Abortion. 

AMBLOSMUS, Abortion. 

AMBLOTHRIDION, see Abortion. 


AMBLOTICUS, Abortive. 

AMBLUS, afi0\vs, 'obscure.' Hence, 

AMBLYAPH'IA, from aft0\vi, 'obscure,' and 
'a^i7, 'feeling.' Dulness of the sense of touch. 

AMBLYOGMOS, Amblyopia. 

AMBLYO'PIA, from ajt^Xvt, 'obscure,' and 
«>]/, ' the eye.' AmUjf'oemoe, Amblifog'mot, Amplu- 
o'pia (so called by some, according to Ca^telli^ 
ob ignorantiam Orasea lingva,) Ilebetu'do vieCe, 
Feebleneu of eight, (F.) Vve/aible, First degree 
of Amaurosis. — Hippocrates. 

Amblyopia Crepuscularis, Hemeralopia — a* 
Disaitorum, Myopia — a. Meridiana, Nyctalopii^— 
a. Proximomm, Presbytia. 

AMBLYOSMOS, Amblyopia. 

AMBOLICUS, Abortive. 

AMBON, ait0i0v, ' the raised rim of a shield or 
dish/ from oftflenvm, 'I ascond.' The flfaro-cartU 




laf^OQfl rings or howrreletM, wbich snrronnd the 
•rticalw cavitiesy ta the glenoid cavity of the 
■eapalay the aoetAbulam, Ae^ have been so called 
—Galen. See Crista. 

AMBORy Ambergris. 

AMBRA, Succinum — a. Ambrosiaeay Amber- 
gris — a. Cineracea, Ambergris. 

AMBRAGRISEA, Ambergris. 

AJIBRE BLANO, Succinum (album) — a. 
Jaunet Succinum. 

AMBRETTEy Hibiscus abelmoschus. 

AMBRO'SIA, from a, prirative, and fiporoi, 
'mortal/ Food which makes immortal, or the 
food of immortals. The food of the gods — Ho- 
mer. See also, Chenopodium botrys. 

Ambrosia Elatior, see A. Trifida. 

Amdro'sia Marit'iita. a plant which grows 
on the shores of the Levant, and has a pleasant, 
bitter and aromatic taste. It is given in infusion, 
as a tonic and antispojsmodic. 

Akbro'sia Trif'ida, Horteweed, Jitehv>eedf 
JTorteminty Hortecane, Bittertoeed, Oreat Bag- 
weedy Wild Hemp, This indigenous plant is 
found in low grounds and along streams, from 
Canada to Georgia, and west to Louisiana and 
Arkansas. It is an annual, and flowers in Au- 
gust and September. An infusion has been re- 
commended locally in mercurial salivation. 

Amhro$ia Elatior^ Bctfjftoeed, Is said by Dr. R, 
E. Griffith to have much more developed sensible 


AMBULANGEy (F.) from amhulare, 'to walk.' 
A military hospital attached to an army, and 
moving along with it. Also called Hdpital om- 

AMBULATTO, Walking. 

AM'BULATORY, Am'fndan9j AmhulaH'vWy 
Am'bHlatire, (F.) Amhvlant, A morbid affection 
Is said to bo 'ambulatory,' (F.) ambulante, when 
it skips from one part to another ,* as Erievp^let 
ambulante, Ac. When blisters are applied suc- 
cessively on different parts of the body, they are 
called Vi^icntoiren ambulante. 

AM6ULEIA, Cichorium intybns. 

AM'BULL The Brachmanic name for an In- 
dian aquatic herb, which appears to belong to 
the family Lyeimachi<B, The whole plant has a 
■weet smell. Its decoction has a very bitter 
taste, and is an excellent febrifuge. It is also 
taken in milk in cases of vertigo. 

fiUS, Flatue fuHo'euey Vare'nu Painful, mo- 
bile, and periodical tumours affecting different 
parts, whicli were once considered as the effect 
of very subtile vapours — Michaelis. Their na- 
ture is by no means clear. 


AMBUTUA. Pareira brava. 

AMBUYA-EMBO. A very beautiful, creeping 
aristolochia of Brazil, the decoction of which is 
exhibited successfully in obstructions. It is also 
used in fumigation and in baths as a tonic. 

AMEy Auimo. 

AMELI. A Malabar shrub, belonging to a 
genus unknown. The decoction of its leaves is 
■aid to relieve colic. Its roots, boiled in oil, are 
used to repel tumours. 

AMELIA, Apathy. 

AMENIA, Amenorrhoea, Emmenagogues. 

AMENOMA'NIA. A hybrid word, formed 
firom the Latin amceniM, ' agreeable,' and fiaMo, 
' mania. A gay form of insanity. 

AMENORRHCE'A, Paramenia ohetnuHu/nte, 
Menoertffk'ia, Menoeta'eia, Apopkrax'i§fArrhce'a, 
A/ee'lKf Bca BttMonftio Ma Ctmoftio mtn'9ium, 

MenHma'Ho tmjtedi'tOf Ieehame'nta,Ame'nia, f^oat 
«, privative, ^v, 'a month,' and ptm, *1 flow/ 
Suppreeeion of the meneee, (F.) Suppreeeum dm 
flux menetrueL This suppression is most com- 
monly symptomatic, and hence the chief atten- 
tion must be paid to the cause. Usually, there is 
an atonic state of the system generally, and hence 
chalybeates and other tonics are advisable. 

Two great varieties of Amenorrhcea are com- 
monly reckoned. 1. A, Emaneto'nie, Eman'eio 
men'eiupiy Menie'eheeie, Jfenoe'ekeeie, Jfenetrua'tio 
retenta, Men'eivm reten'tio, Retention of the met^ 
eee, when the menses do not appear at the usual 
age: and, 2. Suppree'eio Men'eium, Suppree'eio 
Menetruatio'nie, Amenorrhce'a Suppreeeio'nief In- 
terrup'tio menetmeUio'niey Jfenetrua'tio euppreeeoy 
in which the catamenia are obstructed in their 
regular periods of recurrence. Bee Emansio Men- 
sium, and Menses. 

AincHORRBiEA DiFFTCTLTS, Dysmenorrhosa— ft. 
Emansionis, see Amenorrhcea — a. Hymenica, see 
Hymenicus — a. Partialis, Dysmenorrhoea — a. 
Supprcssionis, see Amenorrhcea. 

AMENTIA, Dementia : see, also, Fatuitas, and 
Idiotism — a. Senilis, Dementia of the aged. 

AMER, Amarus. 

AMERICAN, see Homo. 


AMERTUMEf Bitterness. 

AM'ETHYST, Amethye'tne, from a, privative, 
and /<c0tfu, ' I am drunk.' A precious stone, to 
which the ancients attributed the property of 
preventing drunkenness. It was also used as an 
anti-dlarrhceic and absorbent — Pliny, Albertus 

AMETH'YSUM, Amethye'tumy {remedium,) 
Same etymon as the last A remedy for drunk- 

AMETRIA, Intemperance. Also, absence of 
the uterus; from a, privative, and /U7rpa, 'the 

AMICULUM, Amnios. 

AMIDONy lODURE I/, Starch, Iodide ofl 

AMIDUM, Amylum. 

AMINiEA, Anime. 

AMIN^'UM VINUM, Amine'an teine, highly 
esteemed as a stomachic VLrgU distinguishes it 
from the Falcmian. — Pliny, Macrobius, Ao. 

A MMA, Truss. 

AM MI, Ammi majue sen eictUa/o'lium sen 
vulga're sen Bolberi, Am'mioe murica'ta, A'pium 
ammiy Biehop'e useed. The seeds of this plant are 
aromatic and pungenL They are said to be 
carminative and diuretic, and are tonic and sto- 

AiTMi Bolberi, Ammi — a. dee Boutiqveey see 
Sison ammi — a. Cicuta^folium, Ammi — ^a. Verum, 
see Sison ammi — a. Vulgare, AmmL 

AM M ION, Hydrargyri sulphuretum rubrum. 


AMMISMUS, Psammismns. 

AMMOCHO'SIA, Arnmoeho^eie, from a/i/^ec^ 
' sand,' and x**** * ^ pour.' Arena'tio. Puttine 
the human body in hot sand, for the cure of 

AMMO'NIA, Amtno'nia or Ammoni'acal gae, 
Volatile al'kali, Al'cali ammoni'ac^im eave'ticnm, 
A. volafiU eaue'tiemm, Ammo'nia caue'tiea, A. 
pnriif Ammoni'aenm, A. 4Mue'ti€um, Oae amwto^ 
nitKa'li, Mephi'tie urino'eeif CF.) Ammoniaone, 
Air alealin, Oaz ammoniaeal. An aloali, so called, 
because obtained principally by decomposing sal 
ammoniac (muriate of ammoma) by lime. This 
gas is colourless, transparent^ elaitie, of a pun- 
gent, characteristic odour, and an acvld urinous 
taste. It tomi the symp of TioleCi green, and 




Its fpecifie grarity is 0*596. When inhaled, 
largely diluted with common air, it iB a powerful 
Irritant. When unmixed, it instantly induces 

Ajcvoxia, Acbtatb 07, SoLUTioir OF, Liquor 
ammontao acetatis — ^a. Aneniate of, Arseniate of 
ammonia — a. Benzoate of, Ammonias benzoae — 
%. Caufltica liquida. Liquor ammonia) — a. Chloro- 
hydrate of, AmmonisB murias — a. Citrate of, Am- 
monia) eitras — a. Hydriodate of, Ammonium, io- 
dide of — a. Hydrochlorate of. Ammonia) murias 
-—a. Hydrosulphuret of, Ammoniie sulphuretum — 
a. Iodide of, see Iodine — a. Liniment of, strong, 
Linimentum ammonias fortius — ^a. Liquid, Liquor 
Ammonias — ^a. Muriatlca, Ammonias murias — a. 
NitraCa, Ammonias nitras — ^a. Phosphate of, Am- 
monie phosphoa — a. Praeparata, Ammonia car- 
bonas — a. Pura liquida, Liquor ammonias — a. 
Solution of, Liquor ammonias — a. Solution of, 
stronger. Liquor ammonias fortior — a. Tartrate of. 
Ammonias tartras. 

AMMO'NIAC, OUH, Ammani'aeumy (Ph. V. 
8.) Gum^mi Ammoni'aetiinf Armoni'aemn, Mato'~ 
WiMN. (F.) Ammoniac, Gomme ammomaque, so 
called from Ammonia in Lybia, whence it is 
brought. A g^m-resin, the concrete juice of 
J)or€'ma ammoni'ttcum, of Persia : a species of a 
genua allied to Ferula. It is in irregular, dry 
nasses and tears, yellow externally, whitish with- 
in. Its odour is peculiar, and not ungrateful: 
taste nauseous, sweet, and bitter. It forms a 
white emulsion with water: is soluble in vinegar; 
partially so in alcohol, ether, and solutions of the 

Gum ammoniacum is expectorant^ deobstru- 
ent (?) antispasmodic, discutient, and reaolveni. 
It is chiefly used, however, in the first capacity, 
and in the formation of certain plasters. 

Two varieties are met with in the market, 
OMtt<B ammoni'aci, the best; andXopif ammoni'- 
aei, the more impure. 

AMMONIACJI NITRAS, Ammonia nitras— 
^ Sulphas, Ammonias sulphas. 

AMMONIACUM, Ammonia, Ammoniac Gum 
—Hfc. Snccinatum, Spiritns ammonias fostidus — a. 
Volatile mite. Ammonias carbonas. 

AMMONUS ACETAS, Liquor ammonias ace- 
tatis — a. Arsenias, Arseniate of Ammonia. 

Amo'mM Bsx'zoAS, Ben'toate of Ammonia, 
A salt formed by the union of bensoio acid and 
ammonia^ which has been prescribed for the re- 
moval of gon^ depositions of urate of soda in 
the joiirts. It is regarded as a good diuretic 

AmcoNue CAR%l»!rAS, A. Suhear'boneu, A. Set- 
qmcar*bona»f Salt of honet, Sal Oi^timn, Salt of 
tcood-Mootf Sal Fuliy"ini§, Salt of urine. Volatile 
Sal Ammoniac, Baket'e §alt, AVcali volat'ili 
airaf'tumf A. volafili ammoniaea'li. A, volat'iU 
ex ealf ammoni'aco, Ammoni'aeum volafili miti, 
Amww^nium carbon'iettm, A, ntbcarbo'nevtn. Car- 
honae ammo'nia alkalVnue sen incomple'tua ecu 
9npeTammoni*aeu9, ITvpoear'boncu ammo'nia, Flo- 
res ealie ammoni'aci, Sal eomu eervt volat'ili, 
Sal volat'ilie ealit ammoni'ttei, Concrete volatile 
mtkalt, Carbonate or Subcarhonate of ammonia, 
Ammo'nia prttpara'ta, Sal volat'iU, Smelling ealt, 
(F.) Carbonate tTammoniaane, Sel volatil cTAn- 
oleterre, (Ammon, muriat. mj ; Greta Ibiss. Sub- 
lime —Ph. U. 8.) A white, striated, crystalline 
mass; odour and taste pungent and ammoniacal : 
■oluble in two parts of water : insoluble in alco- 
hol : effloresces in the air. It is stimulant, ant- 
amd, disphoretie, and antispasmodic. Dose, gr. 
T. to xr. 

Carbonate of ammonia is at times used to form 
cfferrescing draughts. One scruple saturates six 
flnidrachms of lemon-joioe, twenty-six grains of 

crystallised tartario add, and twenty-aix gnldi 
of crystallized oitrio acid. 

A¥M05iiB CiTRAS, Citrate of Ammo'nia, Made 
by saturating lemon or lime juice, or a soltftion 
of citric acid, with earbonate of ammonia. Dose, 


It may be made extemporaneously, and taken 
in an effervescing state. Seventeen grains of 
citric acid or hidf a fluidounce of lemon-juice 
will be auffioient for thirteen grains of carbonate 
of ammonia. 

AxxoNi^ CvpRO-BULPBAB, Cuprum ammo- 

AxvoKiiB KT Ferri Murias, Fcrrum ammo- 
niatum — ^a. Ferro-citras, Ferri ammonio-citras— 
a. Uydriodas, Ammonium, iodide of — a. Hydro- 
sulphuretum, Liquor fumans Boylii — a. Hypooar- 
bonas, Ammonias Carbonas. 

Ammo'nia Mu'rias, Mu'riate of Ammo'nia. 
ffjfdrochlo'rate of Ammo'nia, Chlorohydrate of 
Ammo'nia, Sal Ammoni'acum, Sal Ammo'niac, 
Sal Ammoni'acue, Ammo'nia Muriat'ica, Ammo'^ 
nium Ifuria'tum, Hydrochlo'rtu Ammo'nia, Sal 
Armoni'acum, Salmiae, Fuli'go Al'ba Philoeo- 
pho'rum, Mieadir, (F.) Muriate d^Ammouiaque. 
A saline concrete, formed by the combination of 
muriatic acid with ammonia. In Egypt it is 
manufactured in large quantities by subliming 
the soot formed by burning camel's dung — 26 
pounds of the soot yielding 6 pounds. It is also 
prepared, in great quantities, by adding sulphurio 
acid to the volatile alkali obtained from soot, 
bones, Ac, mixing this with common salt, and 

Muriate of ammonia is inodorous, but has an 
acrid, pungent, bitterish, and urinous taste. 
Three parts of cold water dissolve one. Solu- 
ble also in 4*5 parts of alcohol. It is aperient 
and diuretic, but seldom used internally. Ex- 
ternally, it is employed, producing cold during 
its solution, In inflammations, Ag, 

Auuo'viM Nitras, Nitrate of Ammonia, AV' 
kali volat'iU nitra'tum, Sal ammoni'aeua nitro'ene, 
Amnu/nia nitra'ta, Nitrcu ammoni'aca, Nitntm 
flammane, t¥,) Nitrate d^ Amwioniaque, A salt 
composed or nitric acid and ammonia. It is dia- 
retic and deobstruent. (?) Externally, it is dis- 
cutient and sialogogne. 

Aiivo'51^ Phobphas, PhoephaU of Ammo'nia, 
(F.) Phoephate d^Ammoniaque, This salt has been 
recommended as an excitant, diaphoretic, and 
discutient More recently, it has been proposed 
as a new remedy for gout and rheumatism, as a 
solvent of uric acid odculns, and for diseases, 
acute and chronic, connected direcUy with the 
lithic acid diathesis. 

Ammonub SESQUiCABBOif as, A. carbouss. 

Amiio'nijb Sulphas, Sulphate of Ammo'nia, 
Sulphae ammoni'aca, Ammo'nium eulphu'rieum, 
Al'icali volat'ile vitriola'tum, Sal Ammoni'acum 
eeere'tum Glaubbri, Sal eccre'tue Glaubsri, Fi- 
triolum ammoniaea'li, (F.) Sulphate tTAmmoni- 
aque. Formed by adding sulphurio acid either 
to sal ammoniac or to ammoniacal liquor. Its 
properties are like those of the muriate of am- 

AMVo'iriJB Svlprvre'tux, Sul'phuret of Am-' 
mo'nia, Bydroeul'phuret of Ammo'nia, Ammo'' 
nium Sulf hydra' turn, Myaroeul'phae Amwumia, 
Spir'itue Bseui'm, Sp.fumane Bsoui'mi, SuU 
pkure'tum ammoni'acm, Sp, ealie amwumi'aei euU 
phura'tue. Liquor ammo'nii hydrothi'odi9,HydrO' 
eulphure' turn Ammo' nieum, Hudrarg, ammoniaca'" 
U aquo'tum, Hjfdrog"eno^euIpkure'tum oirmoim''- 
aea liq'uidum, SpiPitue eul'phurie volat*ili9, He» 
par eulphurie volafili, Boylb'b or BBflvnra'f 
fuming epirit, (F.) Hydroeulpkatt tulfuri tCAm* 




moniaqH€y Liqueur fumante de Botle, Sulfure 
Xj/drogfni (TAmmonta^iie, Hydrotulfure d*Am- 
9ioniaqtte, Odour very fetid ; taste nauseous and 
fityptic ; colour dark yellowish green. It is re- 
puted to be sedative, nauseating, emetic, disoxy- 
genizing, (?) and has been given in diabetes and 
disea^s of increased excitement Dose, gtt. viij. 

to gtt. XX. 

Ammo'xi^ Tartras, AVhali volat'ili tartaric 
tn'tuM, Sal Ammoni'acutn tarta'reutHf Tar'tarut 
amnio'niiB, Tartrate of Ammo'niaf (F.) Tartrate 
d'Ainmonxaque. A salt composed oi tartaric acid 
and ammonia. It is diaphoretic and diuretic; 
but not much U8cd. 

AM3tONIAQUE, Ammonia— a. Animate d', 
Arseniate of ammonia — a. Hvdroeul/ure eT, Am- 
monise sulphuretum — a. Hyaroeulfnte ful/uri cT, 
Ammonite sulphuretum— a. Liquide, Liquor am- 
moniac — a. Phosphate cT, Ammonise phosphas — 
a. Sul/nre hydrogSnS d*, Ammonia) sulphuretum. 

AMMONII lODIDUM, Ammonium, iodide of. 

AvwoNii loDURETFN, Ammonium, iodide of. 

prum ammoniatum. 

AMMO'NION, from afiftoi, 'sand.' An ancient 
eollyrium of great virtues in many diseases of the 
eye, and which was said to remove sand from 
that organ. 

ammonia — a. Carbonicum, Ammoniro carbonas 
— a. Uydroiodicum, Ammonium, iodide of — a. 
lodatum. Ammonium, iodide of. 

Ammo'nium, I'odide op, lod'idum sen lodure'- 
tum ammoniif Ammomum loda'tum sen Hydro- 
iod'icum, Hydri'odae ammo'niaf Hydri'odate of 
ammo'nia. This salt is formed by saturating 
liquid hydriodie acid with caustic ammonia^ and 
evaporating the solution. It is applied in the 
form of ointment (3J €UL adipi9 5J) in lepra, 
psoriasis, Ac. 

Ammoniuh Muriaticuic Martiatum seu Mar- 
TiALE, Forrum ammoniatum — a. Muriatum, Am- 
monia) mnrias — a. Snbcarbonenm, Ammoniss car- 
bonas — a. Bulf hydratum, Ammonise sulphuretom 
^-A. Sulphuricum, Ammonise sulphas. 

AMNA ALCALIZATA, Water, mineral, sa- 


AMNE'SIA, Amnest'iaf Amnemoe'ynf^ from a, 
privative, and ftvrfctiy * memory.' Moria imbee"- 
ilis amne'gia, Obliv'io, ReeoUectio'nie jactu'ra, 
DysOiBthe'sia inter' noy Debit' itae memo'rieBf Me- 
mo' ria dele'tOf (F.) JPerte de NimoirCf 'loss of 
memory.' By some Nosologists, amnesia consti- 
tutes a genus of diseases. By most, it is consi- 
dered only as a symptom, which may occur in 
many diseases. 

AMNESTIA, Amnesia. 

AMNI TIS. Amnitis. 

AMNIOCLEP'SIS, from Amnion, and rXnrrw, 
' I steal or take away clandestinely.' Premature 
escape of the liquor omniL 

AMNIORRHCE'A, from amniwiy and ^tw, 'I 
flow.' A premature disohaxge of the liquor amnii. 

AM'NIOS, Am'nion, Afn'mum, Hym'nium, 
Chnrta virgin' en, Armatu'ra, Affni'na menibra'na, 
Pellu'cida membra'na, Galea, Seepar'num, Indu'- 
aium, Amie'ulum, Membra'na fattum inrol'vene. 
The innermost of the enveloping membranes of 
the foetus: — so called because first observed in 
the sheep, (?) a/ivei, * a sheep.' It is tbin, trans- 
|»arency perspirable, and possesses many delicate, 
enloorlees vessels, which have not been injected. 
1% is generally considered to be produced by a 
fold of the external layer of Uie germinal mcm- 
frrane. rising up, and gradually enveloping the 
embryo. Its external surface is feebly united to 
•tbt eoorioB b? aceolar and Tasoular filamente. 

Its inner surface is polished, and is in eontael 
with the body of the foetus and the liquor amnS. 

AMNIOT'IC ACID, Ac"idum am'nieum Tel 
amniot'icum. A peculiar acid, found by Vauque- 
lin and Buniva in the liquor amnii of the cow. 

AMNI'TIS, Amnii'tii, from Amnion and iHt, 
inflammation. Inflammation of the Amnion. 

AMCENOMA'NIA, from amanue, 'agreeable,' 
and mania. A form of mania in which the hal- 
lucinations are of an agreeable character. 

AMOME FAUXy Sison amomum. 

AMO'MUM CARDAMO'MUM, A. repent sen 
racemo'eum, A. verum, Alpin'ia eardamo'mvmf 
Caro'pi, Mato'nia Cardamo'mumy Etetta'ria Car^ 
damo'mum, Cardamo'mum Minuty Lester or offiei' 
nal Car'damonty (F.) Cardamome de la C6te dt 
3fal<tbary Cardamome. The seeds of this East 
India plant have an agreeable, aromatic odour, 
and a pungent, grateful taste. They are car- 
minative and stomachic: but are chiefly used 
to give warmth to other remedies. The fruit ii 
called Amomis. Dose, gr. t. to 9j. 

AiroMUM CuRcuxA, Curcumalonga. 

Amomuk Qalakoa, Maranta G. 

A HO M UK Grantjh Paradi'si, Cardamo'mum 
majuty Melcguet'ta, Jfaniguet'ta, Cardamo^mum 
pipera'tum, A, max'imum, (F.) Oraines de Para- 
dis. Greater cardamom seeds resemble the last 
in properties. They are extremely hot, and not 
much used. 

AvoMUM HiRSUTVif, Costus — a. Montannra, 
see Cassumnniar — a. Pimcnta: see Myrtus pi- 
men ta — a. Repens, A. cardamomum — a. Sylvea- 
tre, see Cassumnniar — a. Zedoaria, Kasmpfezia 
rotunda — a. Zenimbet, see Cassumuniar. 

Amomtth Zin'giber, Zin'giber oj^cina'lSy Zin*" 
giber album, Z. nigrum, Z. commu'ne, Zin'tiber, 
Ginger, (F.) Ginqembre. The tchite and black 
gingery Zin'ziber fueeum et cUbum, are the rhiioma 
of the same plant, Zin'giber ojfficina'liy the dif 
ference depending upon the mode of preparing 

The odour of ginger is aromatic ; taste wam^ 
aromatic, and acrid. It yields its virtues ti- 
alcohol, and in a great degree to water. It if 
carminative, stimulant, and sialogoguo. 

Preserved Ginger, Zingib'eris jRadie Condi'ta, 
Radix Zingib'eris condi'ta ex Indid aJla'ta, is I 
condiment which possesses all the virtues of 

Ginger-Beer Potcders may be formed of vhH9 

*^^ff^^f 3J* *^*^ BU* 9*"9*^f ST' v- eubcarbonate of 
soda, gr. xxxvj in each blue paper : acid of tar- 
tar y ^iss in each white paper, — for half a pint of 

Oxlcy's Concentrated Essence of Jamaica Gin' 
ger is a solution of ginger in rectified spirit, 

AMOR, Love. 

AMORGE, Amurca. 

AMORPHUS, Anhistous, Anideus. 

AMOSTEUS, Osteocolla. 

AMOUR, Love — a. Phytique, Appetite, ve- 

AMOUREUX (muscle.) Obliquus superior 

AMPAC, Amp'acus, An East India tree, the 
leaves of which have a strong odour, and are 
used in baths as detergents. A very odoriferoua 
resin is obtained from it. 

AM PAR, Succinnm. 

AMPELOCARPUS, Galium aparine. 


ian Creeper, American Ivy, Fiveleaved Ivy, 
Woody Climber, An indigenous climbing plant. 
Family y Titaceas ; which flowers in July. It luui 
been advised as an expectorant. 

AMPELOS^ VitU Tinifexa— a. Agria, Bryoni* 




ilba— a. Id»8, Vaednfaim YiUa Idna — ^ Oino- 
phorof, Vitifl Tinifera. 


AMPHARIS'TEROS, Ambil^t'tm^, 'avkward;' 
from c^^i, and afivrtptf 'the lefL' Opposed to 


AMPHEMBRU8, Quotidian. 

AHPHI, ft^i, 'both, aronnd, on all sides.' 
Heaoe, a prefix in many of the following tenns. 

AMPHIAM, Opium. 

AMPHIARTHRO'SIS, from aiuft, 'both/ and 
mfSfmvit, 'articulation/ A mizea articulation, 
In which the corresponding Burfisoes of bones are 
vniled in an intimate manner by an intermediate 
body, which allows, howerer, of some slight mo- 
tion. Such is the junction of the bodies of the 
Tertsbrv by means of the interrertebral car- 
tilages. This articulation has also been called 
JHmtkroM d€ OotUinmU, The motion it permits 
b bnt slight 



lU^tniVtU* (membrana) the retina, and /taXojrM, 
* softening.' MoUesoenoe or softening of the 

AMPHIBRAK'OHIA, from a^^i, 'around,' 
and fifmyxi«9 ' the throat' Ampkibrofifchin, The 
tonsils and neighbouring parts. — H^poerates. 


AMPHIB'EUM, from a/i^i, 'around/ and itm, 
*1 bind.' The outermost margin of the cervix 
nteri ; the Ltihiwm vieri, 

AMPHIDEXIUS, Ambidexter. 

AMPHIDIARTHRO'SIS, from o/i^c, 'about,' 
and ittf^^ttett, 'a moTcable joint' A name given 
by Winslow to the temporo-maxillary articula- 
tion, because, according to that anatomist it 
partakes both of ginglymus and arthrodia. 

ABCPHIBSlfA CORDIS, Pericardium. 

AMPHIMERINA, Pertussis—a. HecticayHeo- 
tie fever. 


AMPHION, Maslach. 

AMPfilPLBX, PerinsBura. 


AMPHISMBLA, Knife, double-edged. 

AMPHISMILB, Knife, donble-ed^ 

AMPHISPHAL'SIS, Cirtftmae'Uo, Oireuwt- 
dueftio, from a^^i, ' around/ and v^AXm, 'I wan- 
der.' The movement of circumduction used hi 
redndng luxations. — Hippocrates. 

AMPHODIPLOPIA, see Diplopia. 

AM'PHORA, per syncop. for a^^c0«f«rf, from 
«fi^(, ' on both sides,' and ^cfw, ' I bear :' because 
it had two handles. A liquid measure among 
the ancients, containing above seven g^lons. 
Also called Qmadranlfal, Oera'whum, Ceram^nium, 





AMPLBXU8, Coition. 

AM PLIFICATIO, Platynosis. 

AMPLIOPIA, Amblyopia, "**• 

AMP0SI8, Anaposis. 

AMPOULES, Essera. 

A]fPUL'LA,(L.)' A bottle.' A membranous 
bag, shaped like a leathern bottie. See Cavitas 
P Hp tiea. In jpbarmaey, a receiver. 

A]fPtn.LA Crtufbra sku Chtli, Reeepta- 
eolum chylL 

AMPULLiB, Pblyetenn. 

AKPUTATION, Amjmie^Uo, from an^pmtart, 
{mm, 'anmadf' and jnnare,) 'to eat oiL' Apot'- 

cm9, Apotomfia, The operation of separating, by 
means of a cutting instrument, a limb or a part 
of a limb, or a projecting part> as the mamm% 
penis, Ac., from the rest of the body. In the 
ease of a tumour, the term exeition, removal, ct 
exHrpatumf(V,) Beeeetion, is more commonly used. 

Ahputatiok, Cibcular, is that in which tiie 
integuments and muscles are divided circularly. 

Amputatioit, Flap, (F.) A.dlambeanx, is when 
one or two flaps are left so as to covM the stump^ 
when the limb has been removed. 

AnpiTTATioir, JoncT, ExarHcula'Uo, (F.) A. 
dant VartieU on daru la eontiguiti dtt fMmhru, 
is when the limb is removed at an articulation. 

Each amputation requires a different prooess, 
which is described in works on operative surgery. 

AicpuTAnoir, Spohtanboub, See Spontaneous. 

AMULET, Amuletum. 

AMULETTE, Amuletam. 

AMULETUM, from amo/m, 'to remove.' An 
AmtiUtf Periam'wMf Apotrona'tuHf Periap'ton, 
Phylaete'rion, ApoteUtfnut, Exarte'ma, AUxica*- 
eum, Pra9ervati*vum,Probiuca'niumf Probtucan'" 
Hum, (F.) AmuUtte* Any image or substance 
worn about the person for the purpose of pre- 
venting disease or danger. 

AMUR'CA, Amur' go, afio^viy. The euire or 
grounds remaining after olives have been crushed 
and deprived of their oil. It has been used a# 
an application to ulcers. 

AMUROA, Amurea. 

AM USA, Musa Paradisiaca. 

A'MTCE, Amyeha, Amy'xU. Excoriation, Sca- 

AMTCHA, Amyoe. 

AMYC'TICA, from aftvceu, 'I lacerate,' Me- 
dicines which stimulate and vellicate the skin.-— 
CsbUus Anrelianus. 

AMYDRIASIS, Mydriasis. 

AMYEL'IA, from a, privative, and nveXof, 
'marrow/ A monstrous formation, in which 
there is an absence of spinal marrow. 

AMTG'DALA, same etymon as Amyctica; 
because there seem to be fissures in the shell. 
The Almond, of which tiiere are two kinds; 
Amyg'daUt ama*rtt and A, dulee9, (F.) Amandet 
amiret, and A. donees, obtained from two varie- 
ties of Amyg'dalvm communxt or A. tati'va, a 
native of Barbary. Nat. Ord, Amygdaless. Sex^ 
Sjftt. Icosandria Monogynia. 

The taste of Amygdala duMs is soft and sweet; 
that of A. <xmara, Ditter. Both yield, by exprea. 
sion, a sweet, bland oil. The bitter almond eon- 
tains Prussic acid. They are chiefly used for 
forming emulsions. 

Auto'daljb Pasta, Ahnond PatU, a eosmetio 
for softening the skin and preventing chaps, is 
made of hiner almond; bluiched, Jiv, toAtle of 
one egg; roee water, and reetiJUd epirit, eqnill 
parts, or as much as is sufficient 

Airro'BAL^ Placbx'ta, Almond Oake, is the 
cake left after the expression of the oil. The 
ground Almond Oake, Almond Poufder, Pari'na 
Amygdala'rum, is used instead of soap for wash- 
ing the hands. 

A]nreDAi.A, TonsiL Also, a lobule or promi. 
nence of the oerebellum,«o called from its resem- 
blance to an enlarged tonsil. This and its fellow 
of the opposite side form the lateral boundariee 
of the anterior extremity of the valley, and are 
in great part covered by the medulla oblongata. 
The Amygdalae are seated on either siae of the 
uvula, in the fourth ventricle. 

AMTODALATUM, Emulsio Amygdalss. 


AMTQ'DALIN, Amyadali'num, AmyadalVn^^ 
Amyg'daline. A principle contained In bitter 
•ImondSi which is ^^pared by pressing tlM 




kndBed almonds between heated plates to sepa- 
rate the fat oil ; boiling the residue in alcohol ; 
eraporatingy and treating with ether, which pre- 
cipitates the amygdaline in a crystalline powder. 
A weak solution of it, under the influence of a 
small quantity of emuUiin or wynaptoMtf which 
constitutes the larger portion of the pulp of al- 
monds, yields at onoe oil of bittw almonds and 
hydrocyanic acid. 

AMYGDALITIS, Cynanohe tonsillaris. 

AMYGDALUS, see Amygdala. 

AMroDALUB CoMvnvis, see Amygdala. 

Amyg'dalus Per'sica, Per'tica vtdga'ri: The 
common peaeh-treey (F.) Picker. The leaves and 
flowers have been considered laxative. They are 
bitter and aromatic, and have been given in hsB- 
maturia, nephritis, Ac The fruit is one of the 
pleasant and wholesome summer fruits, when 
ripe. The kernels, Amyg'dalm Per*9ie<B, as well 
as the flowers, contain prussic add. 

Peach Brandy is distilled from the fruity and 
is much used in the United States. 

AMYGMOS, Scarification. 

AM YLA'CE A {remedia), from atnylum^ 'starch.' 
Bemedics whose chief medicinal constituent is 

AMYLEON, Amylum. 

AMYLI lODIDlTM, Starch, iodide of— a. 
lodnretum. Starch, iodide of. 

A'MYLUM, A'midwmy Fe</ulaf AmyVeon, 
AmyVioHf from a, priv., and /tvAiy, 'a mill,' be- 
cause made without a mill. Stare h, (F.) Amidon, 
Amylon, Starch of Wheat, Fari'noy Trxeieifari'- 
na, Amylum tritVceum sen Trit'ieif Ferula Amy- 
ia'eecty is inodorous and insipid, white and fria- 
ble. It is insoluble in cold water and alcohol, 
but forms with boiling water a strong, semi-trans- 
parent jolly. It is demulcent, and is used as an 
emollient glyster, and as the vehicle for opium, 
when given per anum. Starch is met with abun- 
dantiy in aU the cereal grains, in the stalks of 
many of the palms, in some lichens, and in many 
tuberous roots, particularly in the bulbs of the 

Ajctlxth AiciRicANxnr, see Arrow root — a. Can- 
naoeum, Toue-lee-moi* — a. lodatum. Starch, 
iodide of — a. Manihotioum, see Jatropha mani- 
hot — a. Marantaceum, Arrow-root — a. Palma- 
ceum, Sago — a. Quemenm, Racahout 

A'MYON, from a, priv., and /ivoy, ' a muscle,' 
Emueeula'tue. Without muscle. Applied to the 
limbs, when so extenuated that the muscles can- 
not be distinguished. 

AMYOSIS, Synesisis. 


Am'tris Elemif^era, (F.) BaUamier EUmi- 
fhre. Nat, Ord. TerebinthaoesB. Sex. Svet, 
Octandria Monogynia. The plant whence it has 
been supposed Gum Elb'hi is obtained. This 
gum or resin is brought from the Spanish East 
and West Indies. Bratnlian Elemi, according 
to Dr. Royle, is produced by leiea Icieariba; 
4fextcaa Blemi, by Ela'phrium eUmi/erum; and 
Manilla Elemi, by Cana'rium commu'ni. It is 
aofUsh, transparent, of a pale whitish colour, in- 
clining a little to green, and of a strong, though 
not unpleasant smell. It is only used in oint- 
ments and plasters, and is a digestive. 

Amtris GiLBADXiffgiB, soc A. opobalsamum. 

Am'tris Opobal'baxuit, (F.) BaUamier de la 
Meeque, Bal'eemf Bal'eamum, The plant from 
whien is obtained the Balsav or Mecca, Bal^- 
$amum genui^num antiquo^rum, BaltameWon, 
JBgyt>ti€umm Bal'eamum, BaPeamum Aeiat'ieumf 
B, Jwla'ieum, B, Syriaeum, B, e Meced, Coco- 
laVtamum, B, Alpi'ni, Olewn BaVeami, Opobal'- 
XylobeU^tamumg BaiUam or Balm of Oi- 

lead, (F.) Banme Blane, B, de ComttamHmepU 
blanc, B, de Oalaad, B, du Grand Oaire, B» Vroi, 
Tfrihinthine de GiUad, 7*. d'^gypte, T. du Grand 
Kaire, T, de Judfe. A resinous juice obtained 
by making incisions into Amyrit opohnVeamum 
and A, Gileaden'tie of Linnaeus, BaUamaden'dron 
GiUaden'ae of Kunth. The juice of the fruit is 
called Carpohal'eamum; that of the wood and 
branches XylobaVtamwm, It has the general 
properties o^ the milder Torebinthinates. 

Amyris Tomentobvk, Fagara octandra. 

AMY RON, Carthamus Tinctorius. 

A'MYUS, from a, privative, and /nr;, 'ftmooM^ 
a muscle.' Weak or poor in muscle. 

AMYX'IA, from a, privative, and ^v(ia, 'mn- 
cns.' Deficiency of mucus. 

AMYXIS, Amyce, Scarification. 

ANA, ava, a word which signifies 'of each.' 
It is used io prescriptions air weU as & and fii, its 
abbreviations. As a prefix to wordsy it means 
' in,' * through,' ' upwMils,' ' above,' in opposition 
iocata; also 'repetition,' like the Engludi re. 
Hence. — 

ANAB'ASIS, from ava^atvu, 'I ascend.' The 
first period of a disease, or Uiat of increases- 
Galen. See Augmentation. 

ANABEXIS. Expectoration. 

ANABLEP'SIS, from ova, 'again,' and ffknu, 
' I see.' Restoration to sight 

ANABOL^'ON, Anabole'ue, from avafiakXi*, 'I 
cast up.' An ointment for extracting darts or 
other extraneous bodies. 

ANAB'OLE, from avot 'upwards,' and fitAXm, 
'I cast.' Anago'gi, Anaph'ora, Anacine'ina, 
Anacine'eie. An evacuation upwards. An aot 
by which certain matters are c(jected by the 
mouth. In common acceptation it includes, ex- 
epuition, expectoration, regurgitation, and vonniU 

ANABROCHIS'MUS, Anahron'ehiemue, from 
am, 'with,' and fipoxot, 'a running knoL' An 
operation for removing Uie eye-lashes, for exam- 
ple, when they irritate the eye, by means of a 
hair knotted around them — Hippocrates, Galen, 
Celsus, Ac, 

ANA6R0NGHISMUS, Anabrochismns. 

ABA6R0SIS, Corrosion, Erosion. 

ANACAMPSEROS, Sedum telephinm. 

oeeidenta'lie, Caeeu'vium pomi/'erum, Caehew 
( W, Indict.) (F.) Ac'ajou, Nat, Ord, Terebin- 
thacesB. Sex, Syet, Enneandria Monogynia. 
The Oil of the Oaeheu) Nut, O'leum Anacar^dii^ 
(F.) Huile d* Acajou, is an active canstio, and used 
as such in the counties where it grows, especially 
for destroying warts, Ac 

Ajtacardium Orientale, Avioennia tomen- 

ANACATHAR'SIS, from ara, 'upwards,' and 
Ka^aipttv, ' to purge.' Purgation upwards. Ex- 
pectoration. See, also, Repnrgatio. 

Anacatharsis Catarrhaub SnfPLKXy Ca- 


ANACESTOS, Incurable. 

ANACHREMPSIS, Exspnition. 


ANAOINEMA, Anabole, Exspnition. 

ANACINESIS, Anabole, Exspnition. 

ANACLASIS, Repercussion. 

ANACLINTE'RIUM, Anaclin'trum, Reeuhi- 
to'rium, from avaKXtim, * I recline.' A long chair 
or seat, so formed that the person can rest in a 
red Id ing posture. 

AXAOLINTRUM, Anaclinterium. 

ANACOLLE'MA, from om, 'together, and 
nlkKmm, * I glae.' A healing medidnc 

Ahacolueiuta, Frontal MBMtaci«» 




* AKACOLUP'PA. A creeping plant of Mala- 
Imr, the jaiee of which, mixed with powdered 
|>epper, pMses in India as a cure for epilepsy, 
and as ^e only remedy for the bite of the ni^a. 
It is supposed to be Zapa'nia nodifio'rcu 

ASACOLUTHlEf Incoherence. 

ANAGOMIBE, Restauratio. 



ANACTESIS, ResUuratio. 

ANACTIRION, Artemisia. 

ANACTCLEON, Charlatan. 

mis Pyrethrnm — a. Pyrethmm, Anthemifl pyr»- 


ANADIPLO'616, from am, 'again/ and aiirXo«, 

* I doable/ Epanadiplo'M, EpanaUp'tU, Redu- 
pliea'tio. The redoubling which occurs in a 
paroxism of an intermittent^ when its type is 
doable. — Galen, Alexander of Trallos. 

ANADORA, Ecdora. 

ANAD'OSIS, from avaitiitiit, *l distribute.' 
Porgation upwards, a« by vomiting. Congestion 
of blood towards the upper parts of the body. 
AnadotU seems also to have occasionally meant 
ehylification, whilst diado»%» meant capilkjry nu- 
trition, — Hippocrates, Oalen. 

AN AD' ROME, from am, * upwards,' and Iftt^mt 

* I run.' The transport of a humour or pain from 
a lower to ui upper part. — Hippoor. Also, the 
globus hystericus. 

AN.£D(E'US, from w, privative, and ai^oia, 
'organa of generation.' A monster devoid of 
■exual organs. 

ANiBMATOPOIE'SIS, from a, av, privative, 
'mipm, * blood,' and wcim, ' I make.' Impeded or 
obstructed hsBmatosis. 

AN^MATO'SIS, Ankamato'tU, from a, av, 
privative, and 'aifta, * blood.' Defective hsema- 
tfosis or preparation of the blood. Anaemia. 

AN^'MIA, Ex^'mia, Ana'miuu, Anha^mittf 
AMk4»mato'»i9, Polyanha'mia, Anamo'M, Oliga'- 
mui, OliffokiB'miaf HifpcB'tnia, Hydroa'nUaf Hy- 
drtB'uMy Ane'mia, (F.) AnhnU, PolyanhfrniCf 
Sjfdrokimi; Extanguinxtnff £loodU»9n«u : from 
Mf priv., and 'cifia, * blood.' Privation of blood ; 
— the opposite to plethora. It is characterized 
by every sign of debility. Also, diminished quan- 
tity of fluids in the capillary vessels ; — the oppo- 
site to JBfyperamia. — The essential character of 
the blood in aniyimia is diminution in the ratio 
of red oorpusdes. 

AN^'MIC, Anen'ic, An<B'micu» ; same ety- 
mon. Appertaining to Anasmia, — as an " anamie 
person ;" " an<Bnic urine." 

AN JBMOCH'ROUS, from «, ay, privative, *atfta, 
'blood,' and XP*^ 'colour.' Devoid of colour, 

ANiBMOSIS, Anssmia. 

ANiGMOT'ROPHY,AnamofropVia.- fromav, 
privative, 'ai/*a, * blood/ and rpo^v, 'nourish- 
ment.' A deficiency of sanguineous nourishment. 
— ProaL 

ANJP.MYDRIA, Anhydrssmia. 

AN^STHE'SIA, AH<B»the'»is, Intntibmtat, 
Analge'tiOf Parap'n* expert, (F.) Anetthitie : 
from a, privative, and aioOavo/iai, ' I feel.' Pri- 
vation of sensation, and especially of that of touch, 
according to some. It may be general or partial, 
and is almoat always symptomatic. 

Akjcsthesia LjNoUiE, Ageustia — a. Olfactoria, 

AN^STIIESIS, AnsBsthesia. 

ANiBSTHET'IC, Aneathefie, Anttrtheeietu, 
AmettkM^tte ; same etymon, as Anartkena, Re- 
lating to privation of feeling, as an " anaHhetic 
•gent/' ono that prevents feelini^ as chloroform 

to tjie 

inhaled during a surgical oporalion. Different 
agents have been used as ansssthetics, — sulphurie 
ether, chloroform, chloric ether, compound ether, 
chlorohydrio and nitric ethers, bisulphuret of 
carbon, chloride of defiant gas, benzin, alde> 
hyde, light coal-tar naphtha, Ac ; but the first 
four are alone employed as agents. 

AN^STHETIZA'TION, (F.) Anetthititatian^ 
same etymon. The condition of the nervous sys* 
tern induced by ansesthetios. 

ANJSSTHISIA, InsensibiUty. 

ANAOAL'LIS, from ava, and yaXa, 'milky 
from its power of coagulating milk. A. arvtn'Btt, 
A. Phixnit^^tsaf Red Pim'pemel, Scarlet Pimper~ 
neL Nat, Ord, PrimulacesB. Sex, Sjftt. Fen- 
tandria Monogynia. (F.) Jfouron rouge. A 
common European plant; a reputed antispasmo- 
dic and stomachic. 

Another species — Anagal'lie caeru'lea is a mere 
variety of the above. \ 

Anagallis Aquatica, Veronica Beccabunga. ) 




ANAGLYPH E, Calamus scriptorins. 

ANAGOGE, Anabole, Rejection. 

AN AG RAPHE, Prescription. 

ANAG'YRIS, Anag'ifnUf Ae'opon, Anag'yrit 
fob'tida^ Stinking Bean TrefoiL Native of Italy. 
The leaves are powerfully purgative. The juice 
is said to be diuretic, and Uie seeds emetic — ^Di- 
OBCorides, Panlus. , 

ANAGYRUS, Anagyris. 

ANAL, Ana'lia. That which refers 
anus ; — as AniU region, Ao. 

ANAL'DIA, (F.) Analdie; from a, privative, 
and aXittv, * to grow.' Defective nutrition. 

ANALEMSIA, Analepsia. 

ANALENTIA, Analepsia. 

ANALEP'SIA, AnaUp'tig, Analen'tia, Ana- 
lenCeia, from ava, 'fresh,' and \a^0a»uv, 'to take.' 
Restoration to strength after disease. — Galen. A 
kind of sympathetic epilepsy, originating from 
gastric disorder. See Epilepsy. 

Also, the support given to a fractured eztro- 
mity ; — Appen'no, — Hippocrates. 
^ ANALErSIS, Convfdesoence, Restauratio. 

ANALEP'TICA, Anapujfe'tiea, Ptyehot'iea, 
Re/eeti'va, Rejicien'tiaf Analep'tie»f some ety- 
mon. Restorative medicines or food; such as 
are adapted to recruit the sta^ngth during con- 
valescence : — as sago, salep, tapioca, jelly, Ac. 

Analsptic Pills, James's, consist of Jame^a 
PowdeTf Gum Ammoniaeum, and PilU of AlofM 
and Myrrhy equal parte, with Tineiwt of Gattor, 
sufficient to form a mass. 

ANALGE'SIA, Anal'gia, frt>m a, priv., and 
aXyoff 'pain.' Absence of pain both in health 
and disease. See Anaesthesia. 

ANALGIA, Analgesia. 

AN'ALOGUE, Anal'ogua; from avo, 'again/ 
and Xoyos, ' a description.' A part in one orga- 
nized being which has the same function as ano- 
ther part in another organized being. 


ANALOSIS, Atrophy. 

ANALTESIS, Restauratio. 

ANALTHBS, Incurable. 

ANAMIRTA COCCULUS, Menispermum coo 
cuius — a. Paniculata, Menispermum coccnlus. 

ANAMNES'TIC, Anamnee'ttcum, from ava« 
' again/ and itvaofiai, ' I remember.' A medicino 
for improving the memory. See, also, Comme- 

ANANAS, Bromelia ananas — a. Aculeata, Bro- 
melia ananas — a. Americana, Bromelia pingulu 
— a. Ovata, Bromelia ananas— Wild, br04i4. 
leaved* Bromelia pinguio. 


nowal,— I 

tba blood bf the dijlifa 

ANAPBTl'A, Bxpan'iio mca'tuu.., rrom <■», 
wid «riiia, 'I dil&te.' A aUite oppoiile [o the 
■loture of VMSclii — Oilea. 

flra^Adtridf, ' bald.' Lohi of the hiiir of the ejfl- 
brova. Alao, bslilneu in gsncnl, 


ANAPHB, Auaphu. 

ANAPU'IA, AKhaph'la, Ai,'apkl, from a, », 
prir., ud 'ii#>i, 'touoh.' UimlnDtion oc priraljoii 
of the unis of toaeb. 

ANAPULASMUS, Hutnibatlan. 

AXAPUONB'SIS, from avt, 'hlgli,' and #..»,, 
'ToicB.' KieroitB of the Toioe; Toeitartttion ;— 
tiu Bot of trjlng ont. rooi/era'tio, Clator, 

AN A PB OK A, AnabDls. 

ANAPHHOUIS'IA, from a, priv., ud A*(«- 
im, -Viiiini,' J>«/*(i'<i« F»'m.. Abjwneeofthe 
Teaerwl app«tiM. Somodmes lued fur Impotanw 
Ud SUrilily. 


ANAPHROM&I.I, Uel deipuualum. 

ANAP'LABIS, JnapfuiB-u, from .Mihanw. 
•I rwUira.' Oanjlr-ia'lio, Ktpet, 
tlon. Cnlan or coDiolidatii - ' - 
— nippaunbH. 


ANAPLASUUS, Aospliulii. 

ANAPLAS'TIC, Anaplai'iicui ; 
An epithet applied to thi art of rMloriag 1o>t 
parU, or tba itonnal ihape — u ' Anaplntiic 8iir- 

Srj.' Bee Hoiioplutioe. Alio ui ngeol. thnt 
iruacea the amooat of plaitio matter — fibrin — 

a fraaturod bt 

ANAPLERO'SIS, from atairXnfo^, 
BeplaUoo. That put of surgiml t 
vhoae object If to supply parts tlial aj 
AIM, Appatttitm or Prmlhsili. 


ANAPLEU'SIH, FlHctua-lio, Unal 
The Id 

' I ail np. 

>. fron 

Blinking atta exfol!ii[«d bonei 

OUier (oolh, An. — ITIppDcratci, Paulug. 

AKAPLOSIS, Qioirlh. 

A.NAPNBC6I8, RcKpimtion. 

ANAPNOE, Reapimtion. 

ASAPNOKNU'SIi from Anapnot, 'respln- 
tiim,' and HEt«[. diieue.' I>ii«a«a( ot tho ra- 
■plralorj orttatu. 

ASAPNOMETER, Spirometar. 

ASAP0DISI8 UTBRI. RoUoTarsio Cleri. 

AKAPOOrsMUa DTERI. RetroTartio Uteri. 

phfllnm pellatum. 

ANAP'OSIS, Am-po..;, fmm sva, 'aKain,' and 

Fumferanoe to tl 

to of tlia body — illppo 

AN A PS B, Anante. 


ANAPSVCTICA, Analepllea. 

ANAPTYRIS, BlpectarnlloD, 


ANABCOTrnA. Nfirt-otlnB. 

AtfARBBEaN-D'MINA. from B«,ff«,yv<-ii 
tueak oDt again.' Fraotnrei are lo «ill<^d i 
ibtj beonma diiuniled; as oell ai ulcers v 
that breall out afresli. 

iNABRai'NOM, from arir, 'opwnida,* 

- l>y Ita 
tkin ; from ara, and f.m. ' the ikin.- 

ANARRUIMUM, SlvrDutator;. 

ANARRHOE, Anvrhaa. 

ANAKRIIIE'A, AHar-rhol, At,arria'pin, 
Anai-latitjioma-ia, 'Bpwurdi,' and piH, 'I flan.' 
Afflux of fluid towards the upper part of Out 

ANARRTIOPQE, Ahsorplioa. 
ANARRliOPUE^U'SI ; from oniirrh.^, 
'absorption/ aud vmiaoSi 'disease.' liiAoiuui of 


ANAKRHOPIA, Anarrhisa. 

ANAR'TUUUfi, from ar. priv.. and >•}•>», 'a 
juiot.' Without ■ joint. Ono nho ia lo fat thai 
bis joiuti are acarcel; perceptible^ — Hipp. 

AIJASAR'CA, from ih, •IbronEh/ uid nf& 

■lero., Jl^daUa-tut, Sgdt 

■r'Ba, Bfdrodtr'«.a, J/ydrop-H 
Potfi}/tn'pkiat Jlspotarcvtwt 

tl dropty, lircptjf of die cc/- 
luinr memtraiH, (P-) Amttarque. Commonlj, it 
begiui to muufett itself bj loelling nrouDd the 
anJiles; uid it cbacnoMrlied by tomcbctlon of 
the limbs and ut the eoft parts eoivriag the ab- 
dumen, tborsx, and even the thee, with palenau 
and drynens iif the skin, and pitting when any 
uf these (sspeuutlly the anklet) are pressed npon. 
Like drupay in geaenil, Anuarca may be adit* 
u[ pniuic^; and its trritment must be regulated 
bj the rules that are applimbls lo general dropif. 
At Ijmes, the syniplome are of an a^ate chancier, 

(ocA'ylil, Hydntpt Anatar'ia ar.'IH, (Sd^ma 
m/'iiiun., as. oDK'Jum, ai.ft,hri'li of some. Bm 

PiilmoDum, Bydropneumaiiia, (Edema of the 
Lunga — a. Esrusa, Fliiegmaiia dolene. 

ANASARCHA, Anuaroa. 

AXASAMQVE. Anaeareo. 

ASABISMUS, Conenfdan. 

ANAgPAtllA, see Ananpsdirans. 

ANAfiPA'DIAS, Bpitpa-diat. from era, 'up- 
wards,' bhi] BiEiii, 'I drBw.' One whose uiethn 
upeni on (he upper eurface of the penis. 

AMASPAUlSie, see ADaspadi«tu. 

ANASPAblSMUS, see ABaspadlniu. 

ANAS'PASm, Atuupatvi-fi, from <iH«M, 'I 
DontraeL' Setrm'lia. ContraetioD. espeoally ot 
the bowels. The eondilioD is called Anotpa'dia, 
Annmnnd'imi*, and JiirtJvpftr'iVmtHr^-Hippuerates. 

AhASPABNDB, Anaqweis. 

ANASSA. Brumalbt ananaa. 


ANASTASIS, Anarrhaa. Also, TestoratloQ 
from sieknesa. Convalenenoe. 

ANAST(ECEEI0'6ie, fnm eia. 'agiln.' and 
TTHifiioT, 'element.' Retlrmenta'iia. Reiolu- 
lion of a body or iti parti into their elements — 

ANASTOMO'^IB, fton.wi, 'with,' ind mf«. 
'a month." hatmla'Ko sen Bcv'nia mun'rum, 
EriJiatofKo'tit, 0<-ne«r'i«; (F.) Afcn»'*«»»-I. 
Corarannieoeion between two Tiasold. Bj eonsl. 
dering the Burves to be ehsoncK In whloh ■ 
norroDs llnid eirenlitei, Iboir eanimaDleaUon Uke- 

snaat'iniDnes, if the euune of a Said be arretUd 

in one vessel. It VBU pruceed bIode ulhera. 





AvASTOMosxs AnvBxaicATicA, TelaagieeUsia 
«— «. Jacobson's ; — eee Petrosal ganglion. 

AK ASTOMOT'ICS, Anattomot'ica, Same ety- 
mon. Certain medicinM were formerly so called, 
-which were belieTod to be capable of opening the 
months of vesisels : — as aperients, diuretics, kc. 

(F.) Artire coUaUraU interrUf A. collatSrale du 
comitf Is a branch of the brachial artery which 
comes off a little abore the elbow, and bestows 
branches to the braohialis intemus, to the nnder 
edge of the triceps, and to the muscles, ligaments, 
4e., about the elbow joints See, also. Articular 
arteries of the knee. 


AKATASIS, Extension. 

ANATHYMUMA, Anathymiasis. 

ANATHYMI'ASIS, Anatkymi'ama, from era, 
' upwards,' iwd 0»^a, ' fumigation.' CEde'ma /u- 
gtUf CEde'ma tpas^tieutn, (Ede'ma hytter'ieum,*ar*ca hytter'ieum. An uncertain and tran- 
eient swelling or inflation, said to have been ob- 
•erved at times in nerrous and hysterical per- 
aons. It also means Exhalation, Fumigation, and 


ANATOME, Anatomy— a. Animata, Physi- 

ANATOMLA, Anatomy — a. Animalis, Zootomy 
—a. Comparata, Zootomy — a. Comparativa, Zo- 
otomy — a. Viva, Physiology. 

ANATOMIEy Anatomy — a. CkirurgictUe, see 
Anatomy — a. dc9 Riaum»t see Anatomy. 

ANAT'OMIST, AnaUmficuB, One who oo- 
eopies himself with anatomy. One Tersed in 

ANAT'OMT, Anol'om^, AnaUm'ia, Protc^tio, 
from AMI, and rt^vuv, 'to out,' (F.) Anaiomie, 
The word Anatomy properly signifies di$wetion ; 
bat it has been appropriated to the study and 
knowledge of the number, shape, situation, struc- 
ture, and connexion, — ^in a word, of all the appa- 
rent properties of organised bodies. Anatomy is 
the science of organisation. Some hare giren the 
term a still more extended acceptation, applying 
it to every mechanical decomposition, even of in- 
organic bodies. Thus, Cryttallography has been 
termed the Anatamif of crystalUsod minerals. 
Anatomy has also been called MorpkoVogyf So^ 
mtatoro^ift SomaMfomjff OrganoVogy, Ac. It as- 
sumes different names according as the study is 
eonfined to one organised being, or to a species or 
class of beings. Thus, Andlrof omy, or AniAropot'- 
omv, orAfUhropog^rapkjf, or Anthropo9omatol'ogjf, 
is Une Auatomjf of man: — Zootomjf, that of the other 
species of the animal kingdom : and Vet'erinary 
Ana^omtf is the anatomy of domestic animals: 
bat when the word is used abstractly, it means 
Jkusuia Anatcmy, and particularly the study of 
^e organs in a physiological or healthy state. 
Pkytiological Anatomy is occasionally used to 
signify the kind of anatomy which Lnyestigates 
structure with a special yiew to function. The 
Anatomy of the diseased human body is called 
Patiolog"ical or Morbid Anatomy, and when ap- 
plied to Medical Jurisprudence, Foren'»ie Anat- 
omy, Seversl of the organs possessing a simi- 
larity of structure, and beln^ formed of the same 
tissues, they have been grouped into Systems or 
Genera of Organs ; and the study of, or acquaint- 
ance with, snch systems, has been called General 
AntU'omy, ffietol'ogVf or Morphot'omu, whilst the 
Study of each organ in particular has been termed 
DueripHve Anatomy. HUtology is, however, more 
frequently appUed to the Anatomy of the Tiewee, 
which is called, also, Tex'tural and Ifieroecopie 
Anatomy. Descriptive Anatomy has been di- 
vided into Skeletotogy which comprises Oeteol'" 

ogy, and Symdemnofogy ; and into SareoPogf, 
which is stibdivided iuto Myol'ogyf Ne¥roVvgyf 
AngioVogyf AdenoVogy^ ^jUanchnol'ogy, andJjer- 
moVogy, Sur'gieed Anat'omyt Medieo-Cht'urgical 
Anatomy, Topograph' teal AncU'omyf Re'gional 
Anat'omy, (F.) Anatomie Chiurgicale, A. det Hi' 
gione, is the particular and relative study of the 
bones, muscles, nerves, vessels, Ao., with which, 
it is Indispensable to be acquainted before per- 
forming operations. Compar'ative Anafomy is 
the comparative stody of each organ, with a view 
to an acquaintance with the modifications of its 
structure in different animals or in the different 
classes of animals. Traneeendent'al or Philoet^h*- 
teal Anatomy inquires into the mode, plan, or 
model upon which the animal frame or organs 
are formed ,• and Arti/i'cial Anatomy is the art 
of modelling and representing in wax or other 
substance, the different organs or different parts 
of the human body, in the sound or diseased state. 
Phytot'omy is the anatomy of vegetables, and 
Picto'rial Anatomy, anatomy artistically illus- 

Anatomy, Artipicial, see Anatomy — a. Com* 
parative, see Anatomy, Zootomy—- a. Descriptive, 
see Anatomy — a. Forensic, see Anatomy — a. Ge- 
neral, see Anatomy — a. Human, see Anatomy-^ 
a. of Man, see Anatomy — a. Medico-chirurgical, 
see Anatomy — a. Microscopic, see Anatomy — a. 
Morbid, see Anatomy— a. Pathological, see Anat- 
omy — a. Philosophical, see Anatomy — a. Physi- 
ological, see Anatomy— a. Pictorial, see Anatomy 
— a. Practical, see Dissection — a. Regional, see 
Anatomy — a. Surgical, see Anatomy — a. Tex* 
tural, see Anatomy — a. Topographical, see Anat- 
omy — a. Transcendental, see Anatomy — a. Vet> 
erinary, see Anatomy. 
ANATON, Soda. 
ANATREPSIS, Restauratio. 
ANATRESIS, Perforation, Trepanning. 
ANATRIBE, Friction. 
ANATRIPSI8, Friction. 
ANATRIPSOL'OGY, Anatripeolog^'ta, Ann- 
triptolog"ia, from avar^^ns, * friction,' and \eyi, 
'a discourse.' A treatise on friction as a re- 
ANATRIPTOLOGIA, Anatripsology. 
ANATRON, Natmm, Soda. 
ANAT'ROPE, from am, * upwards,' and rptwu, 
'I turn.' Subversion. A turning or subver- 
sion or inverted action of the stomach, charac- 
terized by nausea, vomiting, Ac. — Galen. We 
still speak of the stomach turning against anj 
ANAUDIA, Catalepsy, Mutitas. 
ANAXYRIS, Rumex acetosa. 
ANAZESI8, Ebullition. 
ANAZOTURIA, see Urine. 
ANCHA, Haunch. 
ANCHILOPS, iEgilops. 
— a. Incamato, A. Officinalis — a. Lycopsoides, A. 

Anchu'sa Opficikaus, a, Angnttifo^lia sen 
Ineama'ta sen LyeopetA'dee, Alca'na, Lingtta 
BovU, Buglot'eum aylvee'tri, Ojffie"inal or Garden 
Al'hanet or Sugloee; Nat. Ord. BoraginesD. Sex. 
Sytt, Pentandria Monogynia. (F.) Huglose, 
A native of Great Britain. The herb woe for- 
merly esteemed as a cordial In melancholia and 
hypochondriasis ; but it is now rM-ely used. It 
is also called Bvgton'ta, Bugltf'eum anguet^V- 
Hum majue, B. vulga'ri majtis, B. eati'vtim, 

AxcHu'sA Tircto'ria, Alcan'na epu'ria, Dy» 
er'e Bugloet, Ane'bium, Bvgloe'eum Tineto*mm, 
Lithoeper'mum ptllo'tum, JDwer'e AVkanet, (F ) 
Orcanette. A KoropMn puuit. The meufial 



■0 eqnli 

uL It Ij HI 

ASi'liLIE. Aqulleirtii ralguif. 
AS<^>S. Elhow, OUcthboo. 
AVCIIXA1>. les Ancnnal ABp««t. 
ASi.'ONAfJRA, l'«hvBgr«, 
ANCU'XALi Imm i^nr, 'tbe elbow.' Relat- 
Idj, nr a|i|>prtiuniii;; lo, thi> elbow or the olsmnon. 
Axrii^AL AspKCT. An Mpict Uiwnrds tbv iild* 
on ■rhi<^h Ibe incoa or elboir in •ilosled. — Bar- 
cU.T. Anrn'iinii It OKd by th« Hint itriUr ■•]- 
TarWtlT. toiilgnir; 'lowardii tbe uinidkl upocL' 
AXm.VK, Anconm*. 

AXCONF/rS, from a)-»r,' the clhow.' A Wnn 
oneo ftppliiHi lo everj ninsflo Hltarhfd to (he olc- 
cnnnii. Winilciir dlntin^piiabed fonr: — tha </rtal, 
iricfnnt, intmni, nnd mall; the Bnt three being 
portiuni ol the oiudb muBcle, (be iritrpt brathia- 
lli. The Innt has, ilnne. retained the nnme. It 
li the Aiir«f>yw minor at ^'Inllow, the Airoiie'xl 
tfl CMta-lii ItiOLt'Ni of DnuglBH, the £»i'«ni. 
il^«-rtl.;in'll' ft ChKQiiKler, tlie Brtrit Cu-blti, 
(F.) Aitrnnf, nnd in Bitnnle al the upper snd baek 
part of tlio fure-ann. It ariio from the eiterotl 
canil.vle nf (be ni bomcri, nnd in Inncricd ln(a 
thepoKterioredi;Dof (be npper third "ftbenla*. 
It« n^e is t(i kid in the extenplon nf the rore-nrm. 
AvrDiiKrii ExTEii:(rii, tee Tricrpa extrntor 
. cnhiti — Ik Intcmun, tee Tricrpt cxtcntor cnhiti 
— ■. Mnjnr. He THrep* txtencor enblti. 

ASCTE'REP. Fi6«la or CTmn., bj which 
tke lipt nf wnnndt were formerly kept together. 
— Cel'Tit, Oalen. 
ASCTERIAPMITR, Intlbolation, 
ASCl'-mirS, /•tir./nc'do. An ■ITcetion of 
the e;e, in wbieh there ii a eeDWtiDD u if tand 
were irritiitinj; tbe ormui. 

ANCliXNUEX'TJt. A name formerlj giTen 
to tnen'tmitine reoialct. 

ANCUS, AntK., trom Bynw, 'the elbow,' One 
who rannot extend hit u-mt compleltlj. 

Alto, the deforniit; rrnnltinjE fPom a IniatioD 
•f tlio hnuiemi or forearm — Uippocratei. 
ANrVLE, Ankylotit. 

AKrVLOBI.EPlIAROX. AnhvloblepbaroD. 
ANCYLOPBRE. Tnrticnilii. 
ATTCYLOMELE. Ankjitoniele. 
ANCYL0MERI8MUS, Ankilomerimai. 
AXCYLOPI.S, Ankylotit. 
ANPYLOTOMnS, Ank;lDtomD>. 
ASCYRA. Hook. 

ASCTllOID CAVITT. Digital CBTity. 
ANDA. A tree of Druil:— Amfa 0.«i^'<iV, 
Jaamnr'tia prlnrrp: Kai. Orrf. Euphorblaroe. 
Htx. Sgti. Honreolk Monsdelphia. An oil in 
■btkined rrom tha (cedi by preaaure. SO In (HI 
drop! of wbleh aft aa ■ «(hartip. The fruit ii 
■n oval not, ron(:iininE two teedii. Tbcie haT< 
(ha tiieta of (bo cheFlnnI; bitt ore Kronglj ca- 
ihnrlle. an.l even emetie. The ibell i* aitiin- 
gont, and it nte-i at tneh In dinrrhn-a, Ar. 

del; it in Friinep. near Ujrtore. and eigbl lenEnet 
from Ituuen. The water it cold, and a weak cha. 
lylicaU. It \m ated in chloroila and abdominal 

ANDERSON'S FILLB, Filnln Aloea et Ja- 

AXPTBA IBAT, nenffreii Vermifoffa—s. In- 
«rniit, Oeoffrtfft inonnl* — a. Rjifemoia, Oeoffnra 
loermiB — ».Siirinnnien*it, HMlf^neaSnri^anlen^il'- 
.AA'i>BA^ilAi£ARA, Eamperrlnun (eclorura. 


ANDRACRXE, Arbntui onedo, PorlnUat. 
ANDRASATOM'IA, Andratinfomt, JacTrv 

lom'in, AivItoI'owiI, Anilinipifinny, ftam ar^f, 
(.•cnitive nr^c, 'a man.'and r^iriir, '(oent.' Tli* 

AN'DHI'A. Adult aire. Htsbood. 

Axnni'A Mr'LiER, Jfali'er HemuipkrodUfU*. 
A fi-mule hcraiaphrodile. 

AN'DROOEN'IA, nrom ntvf, 'man,' and rfrttit, 
'g«nore(ion.' The procreation of inalei. — Hip- 

ANDR0G"YyU8, from enf, '■ man,' ul 
j-ini, ' a woman.' A hernia phrodtte. An alk- 
minit« nen<nn. — Ilippoetalea. 


ASPROMANIA, KTmphamania. 

ANDROM'EDA ARBO'REA, 5'orrrf Trtt, 
:«W.i- Trte, Sour Wood, Elk Trtt, Elk Wood, 
fhn-tl Wood, fhur Ltaf. (F.) AndtnmHitt. A 
iidibII indigennns Iree; Sat. Ord. Erireai, Set. 
f^t. IWandrin Monogrnia: found in the AUe- 
fhiiny MoDutniDi and tbe billi and TBlle;t dl- 
rer^png from them, at far at (he tnnthere KmiM 
of OrorgTa and Alabama; but teldom north of 
Vir);inia. The toarea are refrigerant and aatrin- 
gent, and bare been nted to make a kind at !•- 

AxdhoVkdi. Maria'ha, J?roaif-I(ar«f Jfeer. 

•mrf. A decoetion of tbii Amertein plant ia 
ntd to hare been tnccettfVitl; emplojed u a 
wBih, in a dlHiRrecable alFeetion,— not uncommon 
nmnnictt the alavca in the tnotbem partt of the 
1'niled Btat^a,— ealled tha Tot Jlrk. and Grotaut 
7(e*. — Bnrton. 

— a. CKmtns. Juncna odorstne — a. Citriodorni, 
Joneng odonilai, Nardna Indies — a. Kardnt, Ca- 
lamne Aiexandrlnnt, Nardna Indiea^ — a. Sehi». 
nanlhnt, Jnneni odoratna. 

ANDROSACE, UmblUeai marlnaa — a. Mat- 
Ibioli, Umbllinif marinni. 

ANDR0!I£M1TM. Hrperienm perfiiratura. 

AXDROTOMY. Andranatomi*. 

ANURUM. An Eatt India word, Utintied 
bjr Kaempfer, tlgnif^iag a kind of elephantiaii* 
irf tbe icmlnm, endemic In aoothem Asia. 

AyJlASTJSf!E3fEyT (F.). V.Vitim wd'iw'. 
tlo. Thli word It ofUn emplojed hyperbolicallj, 
bjpntienlaln France, to tlgnl^eieeaaivefatigBe, 

AN'EnrUM. Anebnaa tinctorib 

ANEBI'S. Inipnber. 

AKECPYE'TUS, from », for ohv. 'without,' 
and ■>>»•, ' I promnle aoppuration.' That which 
doet no( tnppurate, or ia not likely t« soppnr*l«. 

ANEOER'TICA, fh>m attrcif^, 'I awaksn.' 
Tbe art of retuscilsting (he apparently dead. 

ANEII.B'MA. Antilt-ft, ham aruUtSm,, 'to 
he ndlcd upwardt.* Applied partlenlorl; lo th* 
motion of air in the intcitinea and tha tonin* 
aceompanying it. — Ilippoeralei. 

ANEILESIS, Aneilema. 

ANEMIA, Anirmla. 

AXEMO'NE. The Wind FI-<Ker: Horn mnftt, 
'the wind,' IreeBDtf It doet not open its lloweH 
nntil blnitn upon by (he wind. 


fto.V. The herb and dow 
and corrofiTc. They hi 

,a,. {F.) A../—. rf« 
M are poltonoiw, aortJ, 
re been' nted u rnbe< 




■ular properties with the laat It \a also called 
Meadow Jjumony, (F.) PuUatUU noirtf P, det 

AsTRMo'^H Pflsatill'la, a. CollVna sea In- 
terme'dia sea Pmten'nt sea Rubra, PnU(UiVla 
vml^a'ri^r Herha ventU, Nola eul%na*ri€i, Piuque 
jio¥t€r, (F.) Coquelourde, possesses like proper- 


AxEvoTiV RcTBRA, A. Pratensis — a. Rae-leaved, 
Tbalictram anemonoidos — a. Sylveetris, A. Pra- 

ANEMONY, Anemone hepatica — a. Meadow, 
Anemooe pratensis — a. Wood, Anemone nemorosa. 

ANEMOS, Wind. 

ANENCEPHALIA, see Anencephalos. 

ASENCiPHAL TROPHIE, from a», priva- 
tive; ffyce^«><K, 'the encephalon/ and r^ipti, 'noa- 
lishmenL' Atroph/ of Uie eneephalon. 

AKENCEPH'ALUS, from a, privative, and 
tymt^m^iHt ' brun.' A monster devoid of brain. 
— Bunetus. G. St Hilaire. Also one that has 
a part only of the brain ; — Paracepk'alu9. The 
condition has been called AneneepAal'ia. A weak, 
nllv penon. — Hippocrates. 


ANENERGIA, Debility. 


ANEPISCIIESIS, Incontinentia. 

ANEPITHYM'IA, from a, priv., and cri3«/iia, 
'desire.' Many nosologisU have nsed this word 
for a losi! of the appetites, as of those of hunger, 
thinet, venery, Ac 

A?cRPiTHVMiA Chlorosis, Chlorosis. 

ANER. avffA. genitive av^pof. A man. 

ANERETII IS'IA, InirritabWitcu, from o, priv., 
and cfcBicif, * irritability.' Defect of irritability. 

ANERYTHROP'SIA, from av, priv., tpv^pot, 
* red/ and orvn^ 'vision.' Defective vision, which 
eonsists in an incapability of disUnguishing red. 

A5ESIS, Remission. 

ANESTHisiE, Anaesthesia. 

gate of phenomena of impaired feeling prodaced 
ccpeeially by the manipulations of the animal 
magnetizer. — Andral. 

ANESTHETIC, Anesthetic. 

ANESTh£sIQUE, AnwstheUc. 

ANESTHETIZATION, Anassthetixatioii. 

ANESON, Anethum. 

ANESUM, Pimpinella anisnm. 

ANET. Anetham. 

AyETff, Anetham graveolens. 

ANETHUM, i4iie'*ott, Ane'tem, Ane'thum Fn- 
nWmlum sea Sefi^tnm sea Piperi'tum, Fatnic'ulumf 
F. OJieinaU, F. vulga'rf, F. DuleSf Liatu'h'cum 
/aenitfulumf Fomfeulum, Fennel or Finekle, Mar*- 
atkrnm, Anet, Sweet Fennel, (F.) Fenouil oa 
Ani* donx, Nat, Ord, UmbelllfersB. Sex. Syst. 
Pentandria Digynia. The seeds Fctnie'ulum, 
(Ph. U. S.) have an uromatic odonr, and warm, 
swet^tish taste. They are carminative. The oil 
— Ohnm FctwVuU—ia officinal in the Ph.U. S. 
The root is said to be pectoral and diuretic 

AxBTHTTM FoENicuLUK, Ancthum. 

Axe'thitm Gravtolexs, Anethum, Pattina'ea 
Anethum sen Graveolenn, Fer'ula Graveolen§, A, 
h*vrten*9f, DiU, (F.) Aneth, Fenouil puant, A na- 
tive of the south of Europe. The seeds are sti- 
mulant and carminative. Dose, gr. xv to 7). 

(Heum Ane'thi, Oil of Dill, (F.) l/utfe d* Aneth, 
possesses the carminative properties of the plant. 

AifisTHtTir PaStinaca, Pastinaca Satfva — a. 
Piperitum. Anethum — a. Segetom, Anethum. 

AKETICCS, Anodyne. 

AliETON, Anetham. 

ANETUS, Intermittent fever — a. Quartanus, 
Quartan — a. Quotidiauus, Quotidian — a. Tertia- 
nus, Tertian fever. 

ANEURAL'GICON, from a, privatire, vnp^, 
* nerve ;' and aXyoi, * pain.' A name given by Dr. 
C. T. Downing to an instrument used by him to 
allay pain in nerves. It is a kind of fumigating 
apparatus, in which dried narcotic and other 
herbs are burnt, the heated vapour being directed 
to any part of the body. 

AN'EURISM, Aneurye'ma, Aneuryf'mnt, Anen* 
rU'ma^ Cedma, from avev^vuv, * to dilate or dis- 
tend.' Dilata'tio Arteria'rum, Eeta'eiay Embo- 
rjf^ma, ExangVa aneurU'ma, Arterieury»'ma, Ar- 
tereuryt^ma, Jlttmatoce'U arterio'ta, Ab$ce^§uM 
Mpirituo'sue, Arteriee'tcuie, (F.) AnSvry»me^ Aneu* 
ri»me. Properly, Aneurism signiiics a tumour, 
produced by the dilatation of an artery ; but it has 
been extended to various Ictiions of arteries, as 
well as to dilatations of the heart 

There are various kinds of aneurism. The fol- 
lowing are the chief. 

I. When the blood, which forms the tumour, is 
enclosed within the dilated coats of the artery. 
This is the true Aneurism, Aneury^'ma verum, 
Hernia Arteria'rum, (F.) Anivryame vrai. 

II. When the blood has escnped from the 
opened artery, it is called sPURiors or falsi 
Aneurisk, Aneurit'ma tpu'rium, Ruptu'ra Arte*" 
rial, Arteriorrhex'ie, Arteriodial'yeig, Ecchvmo*' 
ma arterio'eum, (F.) AuSvrygme faux. The latter 
is divided into three varieties. 

1. Diffused Falie Aneuriem, (F.) Anfrryemt 
faux, primitif, diffue, noncirconscrit ou par infiU 
tration, which occurs immediately after the divi- 
sion or rupture of an artery, and consists of an 
extravasation of blood into the areolar texture 
of the part. 

2. drcumaerihed False Aneuriem, (F.) Aniv» 
ry erne, faux comictttif, circonserit ou par fpanehe^ 
ment, enhyeti ou eaeeiforme, tumeur hSmorrhagiaU 
circonecrite, in which the blood issues from the 
vessel some time after the receipt of the wound, 
and forms itself a sac in the neighbouring areolar 

3. An'euriem by Anaetomo'nt, or Var'icoee An' 
euritm, Phlebarteriodial'yaie, Aneurys'ma veno*' 
»o~arterio'§um. A, varico'eum, (F.) AnSvryeme par 
anaftomoee ou variqueux, A. par Sroeion, A. ds 
PoTT, A. de9 pluepetitee artfree, which arises from 
the simultaneous wounding of an artery and 
vein; — the arterial blood passing into the vein, 
and producing a varicose state of it. 

III. Mixed AmsuRisv, (F.) Anfvrytme mixte, 
is that which arises from the dilatation of one or 
two of the coats, with division or rupture of the 
other. Some authors have made two varieties 
of this. 

1. Mixed external Aneurism, where the internal 
and middle coats are ruptured, and the areolar 
is dilated. 

2. Mixed internal Aneurism, in which the in- 
ternal coat is dilated, and protrudes, like a hernial 
sac, through the ruptured middle and outer coat*. 
This variety has been called Aneury^ma Her'- 
fit am Arte'ritB sistens. 

Aneurisms have been likewise termed frcru. 
mat'ic and sponta'neous, according as tlicy may 
have been caused by a wound, or have originated 
spontaneously. They have also been divided 
into internal and external. 

The internal aneurisms are situate in the great 
splanchnic cavities, and occur in the heart and 
great vessels of the chest, abdomen, Ac. Tlicir 
diagnosis is difficult, and they are often inacces- 
sible to surgical treatment. 

The external aneurism* are sltaate at the tXJiA* 

of [be bud, pack, ud limbi, aai *n du- 
lly pulsttlory. 

neuriMui, oapeFially th> iotertikl, mij b« 
ibaieiL liv s dubiliunt IrefttmcDt, on Ui« plui 
B in reputed blood- 

nitb foot 




ism, Ib> uter; enn b« oblils- 
aMy dona by applying ■ lig(^ 

lecTixa, b one in wbleh, owing 
id middle coala of m> 
ohkiinal betoeeu 

.(I miikei itielf 

. ftppain to ooDsiat in 
ft leiiaraliuD of the lamias of the middle eoM, 
betireeD nbich tbe blood (brmi Itielf ■ cbuiDaL 

AnEUitiaxs or TBI HtmT, Dardwn-clli, Car~ 
ditu/st-mn, (F.) AifrrytHd du ctrur, hare been 
divirled ialo aciivt and jKutice. Tbe former con 
■carFely be eBtecmad ODBUriims, sa they moet 
OomiDDDly coniiit of iocreaaed thickneEa of the 

Cielcs of the beurt, wbicii diminialiea ila earity 
lead of increaaiDg It. Tbe tenn Hyptrirophy 
"leir chatacler. 
II (ba cODtrary, 
ondod iritfa eil«nmilioD of the parietea of 


•M Aneorten— o. DIffia, mtt Ansnriam — 
iytl, eee ADeorism^o. Faux, aee ADen' 
I. Faux romlcaiif, Bee ADeariim— a. J/ir'a, at* 
laetjriein — a, par Aikottomvac, aee AneurieTQ — a* 
Ktr Epfinc\tntnt, Bee Anenriam — a. ftar EratioHf 

u pTimicIf, see Anenriam — n. Sateifumt, bm 
tnearijm — a. Vongiuu, eee Aneuriam^a. TToi, 
lee Aneuriam. 
ANFION, Hulach. 

fractnoaitiea, cecebral — a. EtkmiMaln, b«o A>- 

ANFRACTUOS'ITT, Am/rae'tn, ffy™., from 
a, 'around,' and /raiij«re,/ro«ni«i, 'to break.' 
grooTB or farrow. Uatd in anatomy to eipiify 
DnouB dtpreBBiona or tvlci, of greater or lesa 
!Dlh. like tboee wbicb Brparate the coaTolalloDi 
boa each other. Tbeas 

Aa/roc'dw Per'. 

ling It. Tbe tc 
of tkt htarl, better indica 
j'aoirc uacHn'tfl, Oardite'la 
U Bllond, 

Bhyiital Bigna oi an 

imd no impulse is c 

bopby. On auacultt 
U only Bligbtl; felt, 
Ue improBBion of it 
impulse is feebler Ibi 
widely tram 

. Tho 

aal, but tbs dulnoaa ia mach 
wbieb accompaaies byper- 

imiuisbed power. ' 
iiuaL Botb aounda 
tbe thonut, and are 
fainter at a dialaoea fiom Iheii point of 

I* antaritm (ff At kearl^-Cardi 

itf Afltfurjit'faa etmtteuti' vum cor 

a. Braadur' 
k. False, ci 

Spontaneous, see Anauiism — a. Spurioaa 

lee Ancoriem— a. ValsalTa's method oftrei 

ANEfRISMA, Aneurism. 
ANEURIH'MAIi, Ainirgt'mal, Anturitm 
AtturyimaCiau, AnearitsM'tu. That which be^ 

AMEURiBHii. 8io or CrsT, (F.) Sat OQ ITfHi 
atttcriftntat, ii a sort of pouch, formed by tbi 
dilatation of the ooati of an ailery, in which thi 
blood, forming the aoanrismal tumour, is con 


ANKUKYSM, Auaurlsm. 

ANKOIIYSMA, Aneurism— a. Cordis actJTnm 
Heart, hypertrophy of tbe— a. Bemiam artcriii 
iistenf, see Aneurism-a. Spurium, see AnBurisn 
—a. VariroBum, see AneuriBm— a. VeuosD-arKi 

A.Vi'f.'R rSMB. Anenriam. 

ANEURY8MU8, AnourlBm, DUatallon. 

AsivRYSME. Aneuriam — o. rfe rAsrtt 
Aoruuryama — a. CiTmnmrli, ase Aneurism — a 
rfsPiMI, lee Aneuriam — a. da Fi»t pttita artira 

if the 

.-n'oJs ( 

■, (F.) 

loid Cella are, aometi 
ANFRACrUS, AnfrMtooaitj- 

liuod by a prolongalion of tbe 
s, called Aa. 

fractuoaities (cerebraL) 

AKGECTASIA, Angiestaais. 

ANOEIAL, Vaseolar. 


AK0EIECTASI8, Angiectasis. 

AKQEIECTOMA, Angiectasis. 

ANGKIOG'RAPHY, Aajtog'ropJy, Angtt^ 
jropA'io, from •yj-nar, 'a Tessel,' and w^, '• 
deacription.' The anatomy of tbe TeBsels. 

ANflEIOHYDROG'RAPHY, Angiol,j,dn^. 
Tmhl), AltgttBndrog'rapki), Angtiohi/dragra'piui, 
Il^drangiograpk'iaflrtijaayyitoi/, *ftTeeBel,'*tJn^ 

tbe lymphatics. 

ANGEIOHYDROT'OMT, Anglohydrafomji, 
AngeioTidrot'omgj Anffeiohydrotom'ia, Hjfdra%' 
gitttom'ta, from ayYtio¥t 'a Tesael,' 'vjh^, 'water,' 
and nfiir, 'to cut.' Diaiectionoflhelympbatioa. 

ANGEIOLEUCI'TIS, Aajioimei'it., Ijw. 
phangei'lii, Lgmphangi'ltt, Lgmpimifioi'lu, Uy- 
drani/ei'lit, Lympki'tiM, Lymphati'lU, Injfammv^ 

Teasel,' Xieiik, 'while,' and tlii, inflammation. 
(F.) Inflammatfon dri vaii^aia ^npitalVjae* on 
4^ li'nu* tlamei. Inflammation of tbe lymphs 
tics : lympbatic or scrofuloua inSammalion. 

ANOEIOL'OGY, Ah^'uI'o^, Angt<olog"ia, 
tnna ayYim, 'a Toiial,' and Isysc, 'a disoourae.' 
A discourse on the nsaela. Tbe anatomy of tha 
Taaaels. It includes Atttriot'ogg, Pkltbofogg, 
and Angeiohydrot'ogm, 

ANGEIOMALA'CIA, Angi<ma!a'tia ; fhim 
*yyun, 'aressel,' and fuiXeiia, 'softening.' Hoi* 
leacence or soUening of yestelt. 

ANQBIOMYCES, Uiematodea Amgoa. 

ANQEION, Vessel. 

ANGEIONDROGRAPinr, Angeiohydrogi*- 

AXGETONDROTOMY, AngaiohydnilomT. 

ANGEIOKOSUS, Angelopathia. 

ANGEIONUSt'S, Angaiopatbia. 

AN GE 10 PA THI' A, Angiopalki'a, Angrieu'. 

ANOEIORRHAGIA. Hirmorrhagia aetira. 
ANQEIOSBIKE'A, (F.J Apgtiorrite ,■ frOBt 

lry i —». '■ tikhI,' ud fiK, 'I iov.' Pnui 

ANOE10^TEli.VU5l[>, AngfnnphruU. 
ANaeiUSTBKOSIS, Anginnubriiiii. 
ANGBIOSTEO'StS, AiyioMa'tU, Itam lyyii 

liaa of ihhU. 

AVfleiOSTROPBE, an Tsnioa. 


ASSBIorOMY, Anqivi-umf, Asunuhnn' 
*"^ •p™^!', 'm TBHol, uid rifiriir, 'to 01 

t, A-fM'tl; Tnjtam 


•fa ««•«-. *F.) 
*ett la gvuTnL 

AKOKLIC ROOT. Atijallea lucjda. 

AHOSL'ICA, An^rtco Ankinjf.I'tn lei 
JViipa'H MQ SateM. ArtlHngttiea aficitm'lU 
Oard^Ai^ita, {t.) Atufliqat, Raeint dt Sain 
MfriL, g« oklted from iu anptwiad kBgalle vlr 
tMiL JTal. Or.1. CmtwUircrv. ^sr. 8jH. Tea 
iMdrUIHETsiL HktiTaarL*pliuid. Tb« roots 
■talk. leam, ud >w<l, ire ■rotDillo and wmi 
nuiTo. A ■■Htiniftl ii mads of lli« riwl, wbid 

AxisKMoi Aiicnts<»Lie&, Aogelio. 


CS.) JfnMfrmrt. An iodi^T 
ing aiBi the whule Uoitad gtatm, uiil ulrniLUiil 
Into tbr SKODdsrj li>e of thg Fh>^u|l^o1la!l■ 0! 
Of Cnitcd SUU>. Virtual, auno aa thoia of 
Iha Ani^lia of Buropa. 

Axiatlci LSTiincinl, IlBiuUcBm lolitlmiia. 

Aksiuca Ln-uiua, Jiyi^Kr fwc, Bttlgmkt 
MM, JTmb, ITitiu roof, as iadigEDOiu plant, tbc 
(ool bT slkich la blllarlih, eubaorid, tragruil, 
•KmaUe, •tonaahic, and toBle. 

AaaHJci Omnii&LM, Imperatoria— a. Pi 
^talfolia, IdnaticUD loiUlieaiu — a. Salira, . 
B^fiaa, A. ajTraUia. 

AxeU.'(OA ETt-TXa'tlUI, J. •alt'va. Srit'l 
^m^lri KB AngetUt am /'nftu'cmf, /■.;>. 
lo'rio .^Itw'IrM «™ Angtllra, Wild AagtV 
(P.) Aajif/.'f*( HHM^c. Pni->C»«BS alioiliu pro- 
pettiraw Uielaat,bDtlaanlDf'iriardiigri>e. Tha 
I ksada, pondered aud pot Into lbs buii, ua cacd 
to daitrDjr liaa. 

AHQKUca 8T1.rR«ntn, LlgaatiDDm podagraria 
— a. Tr*«, AraKa rpiDow. 

ASQSLrXjB COUTEX. Tha buh of a 
Onoaila Ith. whUb baa bc«Q noomiDeDdad an 
MUhelmiDIie and Mtbartic 

AXOiUQVE, Ajig«liE»-a. 3.,M<:ag<. Angel- 


_SOEL0CAC0S, MyrobalauUB, 


ANOIDtECTASIA, Trichui^iiclaiia. 

ATttilDIOSPONOUS, Hematudea funpit. 


ANOIEC'TASIS, Aa9<i<Kra'*i'a, At.gnla:ia, 
Amffi^nrj^nvtt An^'ratv'iu, trom ayyua^i 'a 
T<w*),' and utaiit, ' dUataUoi].' An; ailaUtiian 
»t i*ur!>^OiiU'e and AlibarL Ttln-gUcia-iia. 

AXOtBHPERAX'IS, Ansempinu't; Angri- 

itV *Bi (jif^ii, ' obatraotlon.' ObiUuitign of 

AXniEURTSMA, Ansiectaali. 
AXOIITE. iDflamnialiuD, Auiieitii. 
AKtl/rrrS, Angeitia. 
AICarXA. F'trlM Amgiiu'Ma, hlkmi'lU, Qu.'n- 

!t or ."Cm rtrost ; fruB) dnjrrt, ■ lo luSboate.' 
nBammatlnn af tba anprft-difipbrBgaialic porUoo 
of llw alimanlaij unal, and of tba air paHaogu. 
Tha lAtln mllara applied tha larm to cvorj di>- 
HM in vbiob doglulitiuD or raapiration, aapa- 
)j et oniM^ «M aSeete^ jmrldetl that aaah 

.flsriiaD irna abore tfaa v 

BcDlt d 

Aicoim AfbtBOsa, Apfalbn — a. Aqanea, fFAt~ 

D>a of Uiu glDtUs — IU Oroncbialti, Bionahillii — a. 

CaDina. Cyiiancbo travbcatla — a. Cordi*. Angina 

paoloria — a. onm Tunmro, Cjusnobe toniiillarli — 

Kpldemlaa, Cjniuii^be malign* — a. Kplgliit- 

aa, Epiaiutiitu— a ErjaipBUIoan, Erjihmiicha 

Eindatoria, Cynanche tnMihenlif — a. Gxiama. 

Cjnantba iHirotidiea— a. Paudun., lathmitl.— a. 

Faadum Maligna, Cfnancha mallgna~iu FolU- 

satoaa af Ibe pliarjal, PbaryDgida, rulllnilar 

Oaograiiiosa, Cynanibs maligna — a. nnmida, 
CynBDCbe tracbealie — a. Inflammaliirla, CTnan- 
ebo, Cjnaoehe tnubBslls — a. Laringaa, urj^- 
gitia — a. Lurngca (Edemataia, (Edonia of tba 
glottii — a. Ungnarii, Oloaaitia — a. Maligna, An- 
gina pallicDiaria, Cjrnancho maligna. PharrnrSUa, 
diphtbaritie— a. HuUlarla, Cynancba panitidM 
— a. MembranaccB, CfDanaba tracbealla — a, 
Ultii, Igthmitl^ 

Ansi'hI KiSi'LiR, Kati'tit fotil'ea. All tn- 
SBOmatioD of Urn poMortDr portion uftbe Schuai- 
dvrian mepibmue linlDg (b« noae, Alao, Coryu. 

irmK, (Edtttit (fc ia Ohlit. Aa »d«naloU> •Mail- 
ing of tba gluttia; the aBeot of ubronlo eynauoba 
lanngca. 8ae (Edema of tba QlotcU. 

Aattinji PiLiTTNi, Hjperultla — a. ParaHjrlioa, 
Pbar]'ngoplBg1a-~a. Farolldna EsUirD*, Cjnaa- 
cba parotidBl. 

ANai'iia Peo'torts, A. eonlii, 9trnitfg!a, 
A-llima •jMu'liBo-arlhHl'ieiim lacan'ataM, Aaliaia 
diophrvffmat'ienm, ArlXri*ti9 lUinpkraffimotiM, 
Orlkmna'a eardfoce, Sltnutdi/ii'ia •gncnp'liea 
el pacpiiaoi, S. >3l««pa'lf^ Cardinji'mtif eoniti 
ninWtfl, Atthani'a mttiont*lisi Auj/nr pei^torim, 
Sinafar'dla, DiapKnigmotUe gout. AnhKa ren- 
tuUi'mim, Ailkma nrlArtr'veinn, Otrtfl-mmraPgia, 
Ntand'tia bracklBlioree"i€n, HuptrmtSf'ia 
plixiu tardPaci, A. dolarifietim, Jinn'iiopi aagi- 
nn'in asa angmi, Otrdindnl •parmod'ini tHrar- 
, Piigaplo'iia^ Pni\ 

a, tha praHaa palbology of 
Tho prlnoipal aymptoma 

irbioh if not 
ara, vlolaui 
toirnrdi tha 

often conacotad nltb oHiBaation, or other morbid 
condition of the bcart. It ajipaari to ba nauMpa- 
tbic.and baa beSDteraad^niraljriaa/lAt iTean, 
Soma, bowevcr, emplo; thii laat tarn for an 
am lel; painful intanoHtatitaffaaUon ofihahcart, 
nbiob Mama to dilTar IVom ac^na pacloria mnra 
in rogard W tba amall number ofparla which are 
dfowa into morbid aonaoni itltb the affpola.l ear- 
diao nariaa, than in regard eltbor lo Iti natura 
or apprapriata tnatment. Tha mott powerful 
atiinulating and narcotio antiipaamudlet aro la- 
qoired daring tba paroiysm. 

AsBt'Ni PaLi.iCDi.A'Bis. A. mfilig'oa. Ihptht. 
ri-lit 0/ <fc« (irMil. A name lu Ihoro !n- 
dnrnmBtioDi about tha throat, in which aiudo- 
doDi or falas mambruiea ara thrown uat, during 
tba pblogoala of Iba mncoaa membransa. Aykliir, 
Tracluiiii,iibea acaompitnle'l with tbe mcmlira- 
niform eiadallon. are, with ioma, oiampliw of 
diphtharitio infiammatioo. 

Asoiiii PiBi'icioali Cynanche tracbaBlia — a. 
PeBlJlaBtlalij, Pboryngitia, dipblharilici— a. Poly- 

Sosa, Cyaiuicha traohealii — a. Pulypoiaaouatra- 
ranasOB, Cynaocba Irachettia— a. PimaD-lMm- 
bruaata, Phaija^Ut, diphtbaiVtle — a. (uljutk 




OTnanche trachealis — a. Sangulneay Cynaxiche 

Angina Sicca, (F.) Angint iichCf is a chronic 
inflammation of tlio pharynXi with a distressing 
tense of dryness and heat, in chronic diseases of 
tho stomach and lungs. See Pedanchone. 

Angina Simtlrx, Isthmitis. 

Angina Squirro'sa, (F.) Angine §quirreu*e, 
eonsistfi in difficulty of deglutition, caused hy 
scirrhous disorganization of the pharynx or oeso- 
phagus, or by enlarged tonsils. 

Angina Stranoulatoria, Cynancho trache- 
alis — a. StrepitoRa^ Cynanche trachealis — a. Suf- 
focatoria, Cynanche trachealis — a. Synochalis, 
Cynancbe tonsillaris — a. Thyreoidea, Thyreoids 
•—a. Tonsillaris, Cynanche tonsillaris — a. Tra- 
chealis, Cynanche trachealis — a. Ulcerosa, Cy- 
nanche maligna — a. Uvularis, Staphyloedema, 
Uvulitis — a. Vera et Legitima, Cynanche ton- 

ANGINE OUTTURALE, Cynanche tonsil- 
laris — a. Laryngiey Laryngitis — a. LaryngSe^et 
traehfaUy Cynanche trachealis — a. Laryngie cedS- 
mateiuej (Edema of the glottis — a. (EBophagienne, 
(Esophagitis — a. PhargngiCf Cynanche parotidsda 
—a. de PoitrinCy Angina pectoris— a. Skche, An- 
gina sicca— a. Simple, Isthmitis — a. Squxrre^ue, 
Angina Squirrosa — a. TonHUairef Cynanche ton- 

ANGTNEUX, Anginosa. 

ANGINO'SA, (F.) AngincMX, That which is 
accompanied with angina; as Scarlati'na angi- 

ANGIOCARDI'TIS, from ayyetovf 'a ressel,' 
and cnrditisy * inflammation of the heart.' In- 
flammation of the heart and great vessels. 

ANGIOGRAPHY, Angeiography. 

ANOIOHEMIE, Hyper»mia. 

ANGIOHYDROGRAPUY, Angeiohydrogra- 

ANGIOHYDROTO^rr, Angeiohydrotomy. 

ANGIOITIS, Angeitis. 

ANGIOLEUCITIS, Angeloleucitis. 

ANGIOLOGY, Angeiology. 

ANGIOMALACIA, Angciomalacia. 

ANGIOMYCES, HsBmatodcs fungiu. 

ANGIONOSUS, Angeiopathia. 

ANGI0NU8US, Angeiopathia. % 

ANGIOPATIIIA, Angeiopathia. 


ANGIOPYRA, Synocha. 

ANGIO'SIS, from ayyuov, *a vessel.' Angeio*- 
tf«, Angeiopathi'a, Under this term Alibert in- 
cludes every disease of the blood vessels. 


ANGIOSTENOSIS, Angiemphraxis. 

ANGIOSTOSIS, Angeiostosis. 


ANGIOTELECTASIA, Telangiectasia. 

ANGIOTEN'IC, Angeioten^ic, Angioien'icut 
sen Angeiotcn'tcuMf from ayyeioVf ' a vessel,' and 
ruvuv, * to extend.' An epithet given to inflam- 
matory fever, owing to its action seeming to be 
chiefly exerted on the vascular system. 

ANOrOTOMY, Angeiotomy. 

ANGLE, An'gidutf from ayKv^of, 'a hook.' 
The space between two lines which meet in a 

Angle, Fa'cial, pointed out by Camper, is 
formed by the union of two lines, one of which 
Ss drawn from the most prominent part of the 
foreb-ad to the alveolar edge of the upper jaw, 
opposite the incisor teeth — the facial line — and 
the other &rum the meatus auditorius externus to 
the same point of the jaw. According to the 
size of the angle it has been attempted to appre- 
ciate the respective proportions of the cranium 
and face, and, to a certain extent^ the degree of 

intelligence of individuals and of animals. la 
the white varieties of the species, this angle ia 
generally 80° ; in the negro not more than 70% 
and sometimes only 65°. As we descend the 
scale of animals, the angle becomes less and less; 
until, in fishes, it nearly or entirely disappears. 
Animals which have the snout long, and facial 
angle small, such as the snipe, crane, stork, Ae^_ 
are proverbially foolish, at least they are so 
esteemed; whilst intelligence is ascribed to those 
in which the angle is more largely developed, as 
the elephant and the owl. In these last animals, 
however, the large facial angle is caused by tiia 
size of the frontal sinuses : — so that this mode of 
appreciating the size of the brain is very inexaety 
and cannot be depended upon. 

The following is a table of the angle in man 
and certain animals : 


Man fk-om 68o to 88o and more. 

Bapajou 65 

Orang-Utang 56 to SB 

Guenon 57 

Mandrill 30 to 4ft 

Cnati 88 

Pole-cat ai 

Pug-dnff 35 

Manliflr 41 

Hare ..« 30 

Ram 30 

Horse 83 

Angle, Occipital, of Daubbntov, is formed 
by a line drawn from the posterior margin of the 
foramen magnum to the inferior margin of the 
orbit, and another drawn from the top of the 
head to the space between the occipital condyles. 
In man, these condyles, as well as the foramen 
magnum, are so situate, that a line drawn per- 
pendicular to them would be a continuation of 
the spine ; but in animals they are placed more 
or less obliquely; and the perpendicular is neces- 
sarily thrown farther forward, and the angle ren- 
dered more acute. 

Angle, Optic, (F.) Angle opttqite, is the anffle 
formed by two lines, which shave the extremiUes 
of an object, and meet at the centre of the pupil. 


ANGOLAM. A very tall Molabar tree, which 
possesses vermiflige properties. 

AN'GONE, Pra/oca'tio Fau'eium sen Uteri'nm 
sen ifatr^ci; Strangula'tio uteri'na, Suffoea'tin 
uteri'na sen kgater'icaf Ohhtu hy9ter*xeu$, Or» 
thopnoi'a hyiter'ica, Dytpha'gia globo'Hi, />. Ay«- 
ter'ieaf Nervtnu Quintg. A feeling of strangu- 
lation, with dread of sufi'ocation. It is common 
in hysterical females, and is accompanied with a 
sensation as if a ball arose from the abdomen to 
the throat. 

ANGOR, Angu\»h, (F.) Angoxne, Extreme 
anxiety, accompanied with painful constriction 
at the epigastrium, and often with palpitation 
and oppression. It is frequently an unfavour- 
able symptom. 

Angor, Agony, Orthopnoea — a, Faucium, IsHi- 
mitis — ^a. Pectoris, Angina pectoris. 

ANG08, Bubo, Uterus, Vessel. 

ANGOURION, Cncumis sativus. 

ANGUIS, Serpent. 

ANGUISH, Angor. 

Anguish, Febrile, Angor Febri'li9. The com* 
bination of weariness, pain, anxiety, and weak- 
ness afiecting the head and neck, which is so ge- 
nerally observed at the commencement of fever. 


AN'GULAR, Angnla'riff fVom angt/diu, 'mi 
angle,' (F.) Angulaire, That which relates to 
an angle. 

Angular Abtebt axs Yedt. A name girei^ 




1. to the terminatioii of the facial arterj and 
Tein, because they pass by the greater angle of 
the eye; and, 2. to the facial artery and rein 
themaelves, becaase they pass under the angle 
of the jaw. See FaeiaL 

A50VLAR Nertb IS a filament famished by 
the inferior maxillary, which passes near the 
greater angle of the eye. 

AirouLAB Procesbes of the frontal bone are 
seated near the angles of the eyes. See Orbitar. 

ANGULARIS, Levator soapalie. 



ANGURIA, GnonrbiU citrullns. 

ANOUSTATIO, ArctaUo— a. Cordis, Systole— 
^ Intestini recti vel ani, Strlctore of the rectom. 

ANQUS'TIA, Angiuta'iiOf Stenoeko'ria. Anx- 
lety, narrowness, strait, constriction. 

AirouBTiA Abdovinalib, Pelris, (Brim) — a. 
Perinssalis. Pelyis, (Outlet) 

ANGUSTURA, Casparia febrifhga— a. False, 
Bmcea antidysenterici^ and Strychnos nux to- 
mica — a. Spuria, Bruoea antidysentericay and 

ANOUSTURE, FAUSSE, Bruoea antidysen- 
terica — a. Ferrugineuttf Bmcea antidysenterica 
•— «. VratV, Cusparia febrifuga. 

ANHiBMATOSIA, Asphyxia, Ansamia. 

ANHAMIA, AnaomisL 


ANUELA'TIO, from ankelo, 'I pant' An- 
kel'itu$, Aa^mua, Panting, Anhelation, (F.) Et- 
mm/ffiewunt. Short and rapid breathing. See 

Anktiatio U sometimes employed synony- 
Boasly with asthma. 


AKHIS'TOnS, from a, av, priratiTe, and 'irros, 
'organic texture,' 'Anorganic/ Amor'phtu, The 
tunica decidaa uteri is termed by Yelpeau the 
ankiHoms mem^ane. 

ANHUIBA, Lauras sassafras. 

AKHTDR^'MIA, Anamgd'na, from ov, pri- 
ratiTe, vSmp, * water,' and '«u/ui, ' blood.' A con- 
dition of the blood in which there is a diminution 
In the quantity of the seram. 

ANICE'TON, Aniee'tun, MeHa'mum, from a, 
prirative, and vimi, 'rictory,' 'invincible.' A 
plaster much extolled by the ancients in cases 
of achores. It was formed of litharge, cerasse, 
thus, alum, turpentine, white pepper, and oil. 

AN I'D E US, from av, privative, and tiioi, 
'shape.' AmorpkuB, A monster devoid of shape. 
-^. G. St Uilaire. 

' ANIDRO'SIS, from «, privative, and 'iSpvs, 
'sweat' Sudo'rtM nul'liUu vel priva'tio, Ab- 
sence of sweat Deficiency of perspiration. — 

ANILE MA, Borborygmus, Tormina. 

ANILESIS, Borborygmus, Tormina. 

ANILITAS, see Dementia. 

AN'IMA, An'tmtM, Mens, PtycJa, The mind, 
breath, Ac, from avtpou 'wind or breath.' (F.) 
AtM, The principle of the intellectual and moral 
manifestations. Also, the principle of life : — the 
life of plants being termed Aa'tma vtgetati*va, 
(F.) AtM v4g(taiive; that of man, An'ima tenn- 
t^va, (F.) Ame wenntive. 

The Antma of Stahl, Aa'tma SUMia'na, was a 
fancied intelligent principle, which he supposed 
to preside over the phenomena of life, — like the 
ArdidtuM of Van Heimont 

Under the term Anima wmsndi, the aaoient phU 
lofophers meant a universal Spirit, which they 
supposed spread over every part of the uni- 

The precise seat of the mind in the br^n has 
given rise to many specolations. The point is 

With the ancient ehemists, Anima meant the 
active principle of a dmg separated by some 
chemical management 

Anima Aloes : see Aloes, Saceotorina — a. Ar- 
ticulorum, Hermodactylus — a. Hepatis, Ferri sul- 
phas— a. Pulmonum, Orocns — a. Rhei, Infasum 
rhei — a. Stahliana, see Anima — a. Vegotativai 
Plastic force. 

AN'IMAL, ZoSn, A name given to every ani- 
mated being. The greater part of animals have 
the power of locomotion ; some can merely exe- 
cute partial movements, such as contraction and 
dilatation. In other respects it is often a matter 
of difficulty to determine what is an animal 
characterisUc The study of animals is called 

Ar'iical, fa^ective,) Anima'lit. That which 
concerns, or belongs io, an animal. 

AifiRAL Heat, Calor anima'lit, G. nnlt'viM, 
CaVidutn anima'li, 0, inna'ium, Biohch'nion, 
Flam'mula vita'li*, Therma em'phytum, Thermum 
tm'pKytum, lanit anima'lit sea natura'lit sea 
vita'litf (F.) Chaleur animalt, is the caloric con- 
stantly formed by the body of a living animal, 
by virtue of which it preserves nearly the sams 
temperature, whatever may be that of the me- 
dium in which it is placed. This formation 
seems to take place over the whole of the body, 
and to be connected with the action of nutrition. 

The following are the natural temperatures of 
eertain animals; that of man being 98^' or 100^ 


Arctic Fox 


Squirrel • 



Arclomya citillus, zixti — in saminer. 

Do. when torpid... 


Bat. in summer i 

Mu»k ! 

Marmots bobac— AtteCn 

House mouse, 

Arctomyi marmoia, wtarmot^—in summer,. 

Do. when torpid. 


Polar Bear, 


.... 107 



80 to 84 



101 or 108 

101 or 109 

100 to 104 



100 to loa 


Arctomys i^is, 


You as wolf, 

Frinsilla arctica, jSretie finch 

Rttbecola, redkr^mti^ 

Fringilla linaria, Uager rtd poU^ 

Faico palumboriuf, f^oskawk, .-. 

Capri mulgus Europeus, Euraptan goat- 


Emberiza nivalis, «ii«w>fr«alis^ 

FaIco Ian ari U9, laun§r, 

Fringilla cardueli*. gol4fLncK, 

Corviis corax, ravn^ 

Turdus, lAnuA, (of Ceylon,) 

Tetrao pmdiz, partridg§, 

Anas clypeai a, thtmeUr^ 

Trtng a pu^nax, ri^«, 

Bcolopax. limosa. Untr goiwit, 

Tetrao tetrix, gmuttr 

Frinffilla bnimali% mnUrJintK- 

Loxia pyrrhula, 

Fako ni'suii, wp^rrvwkmwkf. 

Vultur barbatus 

Aaser pulelurieollls, 

Colyrobus auritus, rfasAf gr4b4^ 

Trinf a vanellus, lapwing, wounded 

Tetrao lag opus, ptarmigan, 

Fringilla donestica, Asass ijNirrsw,. . .... 



107 to 111 


ll{BiiiiitDp[ifl(i*Erklvfi(H»fljq-jBfi.- ■■-■--,'- I 

All** (KIwllVi ■d'ir'O i IDS 

Jluu ■mperi, r*w*'<^ { 

PtManwarM. J 

T*l«« DMiftlfUt. IH-IUllI, 1 

FuH«ilr*.ml 'f 105 

Ktrop* apiuur. »«-Hi>r. ( "^ 

J^^' tioaioioj 

Anl«i nfllarlf, i 

FtluoalMoimi, .-.....> 103 

Phw Major, t 

Oiwin Uinipml*. Mioai 

Bhirlt. 63 

A^iuitL ErsoDOH, [F.) JEJjm jFii'mo^ oom- 

prisBB nil uiimsted bBinga. 

Animal Latxr. aoa 7Wi« nn&ry>iiiiaCrf. 

Aeiihai. MAaxiTiBH, tee Mn^Dtiim, utirDol. 

— a. Spsnnatlea, Bpermataiaa. 

ANIMAL'CULE, AnlMaPoulHm ,■ dimlnntlTO 
of amKBl. A tmid] anipul. An animal VeU 
•mn ooIt br mciiin of Ih« microsoope. 

AHIHALCULES, eeMINAL, Sponnabuaa— 
1. Bperraatio, Spennatoioa. 

AHIMAL'OnLIST. An'imalM. One who «t- 
taapM to aipliin dllTerBBt jihjtioldglml or pk- 
Ibologinl phtnodifna by moani or uiimalcDln. 

AlfntALCULUM. ADimaloulo. 

ANIHALI8T, AnimalcDliit. 

ASIHAL'rrr, Aninnl-Uat. Qnslitiea wbloh 
dUUnguIib thM Hbicb i> animated. IIiu wbicl 
oonititntea the aaimnl. 

ANIMALIZA'TIOir, Aa.-natifa'rfa. Tbi 
tnn^DrmitiDn of the DnUitive puU of food into 
tiu liTina tabalnnoc of the bodv U> b« nooriibed. 

To ANIMATE, l«™.'rs. To no iW Uio living 
prlneipla with an organiied body. Tbs Tnocb 

u, auimtr tm vitiaUoirt .- W gioite a bUtlet to 

AMUATIO F(ETC8, im Qnickening. 

AlflMA'TION, ZnB-Mu,At>ima-tiB, horn anfmd, 
'tb« aonl or mind.' Tbo Mt of auiMoUag. Iba 
tlMB of being enlivened. 

A-oncATioii, ScsPBiDsn, AipbriU. 

AN'IME, Oum an'fmf, Jmina'n, 
Ohiuii an'irac, ran'coMNiB. A teiio oblninwd 
from the Irnok of Bgmen'aa r.aur'hatU. It, bae 
htpii given tu ■ cophalii] and nierine. It it not 
«wd. Theplaot is aliio called Oo%r'barH. 

ANIMB, (P.) An epithet applied to tha 
counlenanco, when florid, in heoltli or dijHwae., Parotid. 

ANIMI CAi!OB SrOITTTS, eTneopo— a. Ds- 
liqnium, Sfoeopa — &. Pathemata, Pawioni. 

AN'lMIST,rram<Mi«H,-thBn)Dl.- One vhi 
tnllnwing the eiainple of Stahl, refera all th 
phenomeaa of Ibe utimal eeooom; to the iodL 

Tho toul, atmording to Stabl. it tbo liamediat* 
■nd latelUgent agent of ever; m'lVcniGat. and 
errry maWrial ebange in the bndj. Btahl th< 
fore eoneluded. that diiea«e U nothing m 

eipel nbnteTer ma; be deranging tha habitual 
order of benltb. 6ea Btahliuium. 
ANIMna. Anim^ Breath. 



ofmedlmted wine, formorlj' prspured nilb honey, 
wine of Aacalon, and aniHwd. 

ASISCALPTOR, LntiaeiraDB doni. 

ASISCUURt.V, Enareris. 

ANISE, Plmpioellii auiium— ». Rtnr. Illidom 
lisatam, I. Floridimnm— n. Tree, Florida. Dli- 

um FLoridanittn — a. Tree, jreUow-floircred, QU- 

ANISEED, fee PimpioelU wliuni. 

ANieil SEHINA. <H> Pimploelb nnuDln. 

ANieO'DUS LU'RlDltS, Hiraii'dra m..m!~ 
In, Phy'mlu Mrawo'iH-nM, WliitU'ya ,lramo-<,i- 
olla A plant of Nepal, po^sesmd of narootia 
roperliei, and nwcmbUng belladonna and to- 
aceo. It di1at« the pupil, and ie naed In ^s- 
uea of the eja like belladonna. It is given In 
aleohotio tincture {dried Ua<^a Jj. to n/coltaf 
f 3 viij ). Dofe. SO dropa intcmsll; in the SI boar& 

lorbia Ipceaeniuiba. 

ANISOa'THENES, /uiNi'Ii rot'or* jnlUn; 
That which la unequ^ in itrengtb ; (ton i, priv., 
mn, 'eqaoZ,' and tirttt, 'MteDgtb.' Aii epitbtt 
api^xed partionlarlj to the nuBcuIu' eoDlnelJllly 
•rbieb, in the eiok, is lometinea angnieoted is 
oerlain oinaclea only, — in the flenors, fur eiampla. 

ANISOT'ACHYB, from «, priv., .»(, -equal,' 
nnd Ta:fi>(, 'qoiek.' An epithet fur the pals*, 
when quiok and nneiliial — Ooimnk. 

AKISDM, Phnpinella anisum-^ Afriesnum 
iTutesceni, Bubon aalbannm— a. FrDtii>oiium gal- 
hanireiam, Bubon galboDum — a. Offii-inalc, Pink- 
pinsila anlram — a. Sinenae, Illidum aniuium — 
B. Slellntuin, IlUolam aniiataai — a. Vulgar^ 
Pimpinella anteom. 

ANKLE, AttragUaa, MoUeolui. 

ANKl^B, Ancns. 

Falpfbra'rvm Toal'ilvt, from ■y«Ai), 'em 
lion,' and I3),^m,, 'eyelid.' A preterm 
union between tbe free edgea of the ej 
Likewise called SyKbUyh'arvo, SgKtil^Aani'4 
and Proi'i'S^n: 

Alao, aoiun between tbe eyelida acd glob« of 
the eye. — .^Stiua. 

ANKYLODON'TU, from aynXw, 'crooked,' 
u>d aims, 'a toalh.' An irregular positlun of th* 
teeth in the Java. 

ANKYLOGLOS'SIA, Anrglnglc^.ta, (knt 



Cjmionm— a. dt la Ckitu, Illicion 

himi, AnotbDm— a. Kuiill, UtidHm aniiatnm. 
ABISA'TOM, bma ^iwo, ' Anin.' A m 

«ted,' and y\a«. . 
a of the tongue ii 


lee a/adheil 

qucnoo oF Uie ahortnen of the frKnum : thi 
■dTcction conotituting TontjueMt, OlafSo'm 
gaa/raaa'ia. Jt merely require) the fraBnomfl 
bo divided with a puir of aeiefon. 

•in, 'tnogno-tje.'and rajn, 'ineiaion.' An 
ment naed in the operutian for tongne-tio, 

AXKTLDME'Li:, Aneylomt-tl, from ■, 
'crooked,' and iti\'i, 'a probe.' A carved pi 
— Oalen. 

tfata aymXii. ■aooDtraolioD, and ^f.(, ' 
Morbid adhesion between parts. 

ANRTLOPS, ^gilopa. 

ANKYLO'SIS, Aoryfc'H,, A<^'.> 
eyit. Stiff Joint, from ayn^Pi, ■crooked.' 
affection, in which there ia great difflcolty i 
even lupoaaibilily of noiing a diartbrodlal aa 
eulation. It la ao onjled, iiecDoao the limb e( 
monl; remaloa In a eonalant alala of Bexil 
Anehytoiia ia said to be oom^rti itt 
there ii an lutlinal« adheiion betwee 

^eaoflhebontK la Ox iiumplH, or /aUt m 
dijloaii, there ia obieure motion, bu' *■"" " — 




iround the joiiit are mm or lea stiff uid 
thickened. In the treatment of thu last state, 
tbe Joint mast be gentlj and gradually exercised; 
and oilj, relaxing applications* be assiduously em- 

Akkvlosis Sphbia, Rigiditas artioalomm. 

ANKYLOT'OMUS, Aneylot'omm, from aynXos, 
'crooked/ and rqtvuv, 'to cut' Any kmd of 
eurved knife. — Paulos. An instrument for di- 
Tiding the frsenum lingnse. — Scultetus. 

AS SEA Uf Ring — o. Crural, Crural canal — a. 
Viaphra^atique, Diaphragmatic ring— a. Fimo- 
rolj Crural canal — a. Inguinal, Inguinal ring — a. 
OmhUical, Umbilical ring. 

ASNEXE^ Accessory, Appendix. 

ANNI CRITICI, Climacterici (anni)— a. De- 
eretorii, Climacterici (anni) — a. Fatales, Climac- 
terici (anni) — a. Geneihliaci, Climacterici (anni) 
a. Oruiariiy Climacterici (anni) — «. Hebdooiadici, 
Climacterici (anni) — a. Heroici, Climacterici 
(anni) — a. Natalitii, Climaoterici (anni) — a. 8c»- 
lares, Climacterici (anni)— a. Scansiles, Climacte- 
rici (anni). 

ANNOTA'TIO, EpUma'na, Under this term 
aome hare included the preludes to an attack of 
intermittent fever — as yawning, stretchings som- 
nolency, chilliness, Ao. 

AKKOTTO, see Terra Orleana. 

AN'NUAL DISEASES, Morhi an'nui, M, an- 
tiivtrga'riif (F.) MaUuiiet annuelUt. A name 
gtrent by some, to diseases which recur eTeiT* 
year about the same period. FebrU annua, (F.) 
Fi^vrt anntieUe^ is a term used for a fancied in- 
termittent of this type. 

ANNUEXS, Rectus capitis intenius minor. 

ANNUIT"IO, Nodding, from ad, 'to,' and 
%utu», 'a nod.' A gesture denoting assent in 
most countries. Also, the state of somnolency, 
when the indiyidual is in the erect or sitting 
posture, with the head unsupported, in which 
the power of rolition over the extensor muscles 
of the head is lost, and the head drops forward. 

AN'NTTLAR, AnnuWri«, 0rictn'de9, {annng, 
'a circle.') Any thing relating to a ring, or 
which has the shape or fulfils the functions of a 
rinj; ; from annul%u, * a ring,' itselfl 

A^rxuLAR FiNQEik, Ring Finger, Dig"itM an- 
mula'ritf Param'eMM. The fourth finger, so called 
firbm the wedding ring being worn thereon. 

Air^rLAR OAiroLioy, see Ciliary ligament. 

AxXTTLAR Lio'ament, Tranavtfe ligament, 
Om'eial ligament, A strong ligamentous band, 
which arches across the area of the ring of the 
atlas, from a rough tubercle upon the inner sur- 
face of one articular process, to a similar tubercle 
on the other. It serves to retain the odontoid 
process of the axis in connexion with the ante* 
nor arch of the atlas. 

Ah'kitlar Lio'anritt of tite Ra'divb, is a very 
strong fibro-cartilaginous band, which forms, with 
the Icitser sigmoid cavity of the cubitus, a kind 
of ring, in which the head of the radius turns 
with facility. 


miVUB manue membrano'ta, are two in number. 

The one, anterior, is a broad, fibrous, quadri- 
lateral band, extending transversely before the 
carpus, and forming tiie gutter, made by the 
wrist, into a canal. It is attached, externally, 
to the trapesium and scapholdes; and internally 
to the OS pisiforme and process of the nnoiforme. 
It keeps the tendons of the flexor muscles, me- 
dian nerve, Ac, applied against the carpus. 

The poeterior ligament is situate transversely 
behind the Joint of the hand, and eovers the 
sheaths of the tendons, which pass to the back 
)f the hand. Its fibres are white and shining, 
•ad aro attached, eztemaliy, to the inferior and 

outer part of the radius ; internally to the olnft 
and 08 pisiforme. 

An'nular Lia'AirxNTs or thb Tarsus are two 
in number. The anterior is quadrilateral, and 
extends transversely above the instep. It is at- 
tached to the superior depression of the os calcis, 
and to the malleolus intemus. It erabraces the 
tendons of the extensor muscles of the toes, the 
tibialis antieut, and peroneut antieue. The inter- 
nal is broader than the last. It descends from 
the malleolus intemus to the posterior and inner 
part of the os calcis, with which it forms a kind 
of canal, enclosing the sheaths of the tendons of 
the tibialis pottieueo/lexor longue digitorum peditt, 
and F. hngue pollieit pedis, as well as the plantar 
vessels and nerves. 

Arvular Vein, Vena annvJa'rit, is situate 
between the annular finger and the little finger. 
A<{tiu8 recommends it to be opened in diseases of 
the spleen. 

ANNULARIS, Cricoid: see Digitus— a. AnI, 
Sphincter anL 

Cartilaginosi Trachea, see Trachea. 

Lumbricales manus. 

ANNULUS, Daotylius, Vulva— a. Abdominis, 
Inguinal ring — a. Albidus, see Ciliary (body) — 
a. Cellulosus, Ciliiury ligament — a. Ciliaris, Cili- 
ary ligament — a. Fosses ovalis : see Oralis fossa 
— ^a. Oangliformis, see Ciliary (body) — a. Repens, 
Herpes circinatus — a. Umbilicalis, Umbilical ring 
— a. Ventriculi, Pylorus — a. Vieussenii, see Ova- 
lis fossa. 

ANO, avm. A prefix denoting 'above, up.' 

ANOCHI'LUS, from avw, 'above,' and x">«*> 
'lip.' The upper lip. Also, one who has a largo 
upper lip. 

ANOC(ELIA, Stomach. 

ANO'DIA, from av, priv., and v^ir, 'song.' 
An unconnected or dissonant mode of speech. 

ANOD'IC, Anod'ieue, from avw, 'above, up,' 
and *e^i, ' a way.' Tending upwsxds. An epi- 
thet applied by Dr. Marshall Hall to an ascend- 
ing course of nervous action. 

ANODIN, Anodyne. 

ANODIN'IA, from a, aw, privative, and w^i, 
' a labour pain.' Absence of labour pains. 

ANODMIA, Anosmia. 

ANODUS, EdentuluB. 

AN'ODYNE, Anod'ynuM, Antod'vnue, Antid*^ 
ynoue (improperly,) Paregor'ieue, Anet'ieu*, Ant- 
al'gieua, Aee»od*ifne», (F.) Anodin ou Anoc^^n, 
from a, av, privative, and oiwtif ' pain.' Anodynea 
are those medicines which relieve pain, or cause 
it to cease; as opium, belladonna, Ao. They act 
by blunting the sensibility of Uie encephalon, so 
that it does not appreciate the morbid sensation. 

ANODTN'IA, Indolen'Ua. Cessation or ah- 
sence of pain. Yogel has given this name to a 
genus of diseases, characterised by a cessation 
of pain, and the exasperaUon of other symptoms; 
as we see in gangrene. 

ANODYNUM MINERALS, Potasse nitxns 
sulphatis pauoillo mixtus. 

ANCE'A, Anoia, from a, privative, and woi^ 
' mind.' Delirium, imbecility. Bee Demertia and 

ANOESIA, Dementia. 

Anorsia Adstricta, Melancholy. 

ANOIA, Ancea, 

ANOMALy Anomalous. 

ANOMALES, Anomalous. 

ANOMA'LIA, from av, privative, and ofia>n€p 
'regular.' Abnor'mitae, Aliena'tio, Anomaly^ 
abnormity, irregularity. In Pathology, saomaly 
means something mmsual in the symptoms pro- 
per to a disease, or in the morbid appeal aoeai 
presented by it. 



Akovalia Xbrvorum, Nerroiu diatheais. 

ANOMALOTROPHIES, from av, privatire, 
•MoXof, 'rofipilar,' and rpo^iy, 'nourishment.' A 
claM of diseases, which consist in modifloations 
in the nutrition of organs. — Gendrin. 

ANOM'ALOUS, Anom'cUuaf Anom'alet; the 
same etymon. Irregular ; contrary to rule. (F.) 
AmomaL In Medicine, a disease is called ano- 
malowif in whose symptoms or progress there is 
something unuttual. Affections are also called 
anomalous, which cannot he referred to any 
known species. 

ANOMALOUS, Irreguhur. 

ANOMMATUS, Anophthalmns. 

ANOMOCEPH'ALUS, from a, prir., vo^t, 
'rule/ and KnpaXtj, 'head.' One whose head is 
deformed. — Geoffroi Saint-Hilaire. 

ANOM'PHALUS, from av, priv., and o/t^aXot, 
* the navel.' One devoid of navel. Many writers 
have endeavoured to show that Adam and Eve 
must have been avoiK^akoif as they could not have 
had umbilical vessels. 

ANO'NA TRIPET'ALA. A tree of the /amtVy 
Anoneae or Anonaceaj; Sex. Syt, Polyandria 
polygynia, from fifteen to twenty feet high, na- 
tive of South America, which bears a delicious 
fruit called Okirimoycu Both the fruit and flowers 
emit a fine fragrance, which, when the tree is 
corercd with blossom, \& almost overpowering — 

ANOXIS, Ononis. 

AN(JXY}fL\ Innominatum. 

ANON'YxMOUS, Aiwn'ymuty Innomina'ttu, (F.) 
Anonymtif from av, privative, and mto^, 'name.' 
That which has no name. 

The word has been applied to many parts of 
the body : — to the Anonymout bone or 0« inno- 
minatum : — the Anonymout foramen or Foramen 
innominatum, Ac. 


ANOPHTIIAL'MUS, Anom'matuj, trom av, 

Srivative, and orpSaXnoi, 'an eye.' A monster 
evoid of eyes. 

ANOPS'IA, from ov, priv., and «>t, 'the eye.' 
A case of monstrosity in which the eye and orbit 
are wanting. 


ANOR'CHIDES, from av, priv., and op^iff. 'a 
testicle.' They who are without testicles. — For- 
tunatns Fidclis. 

ANOREX'I A, from av, prir., and opcCi;, ' ap- 
petite. Inappeten'tia, Limo'eie expert, (F.) Perte 
tPappetit. Absence of appetite, without loathing. 
Anorexia or want of appetite is symptomatic of 
most diseases. Also, Indigestion, Dyspepsia. 

Anorexia ExnAusTc'Ruir, Frigidi^ of the 
stomach — a. Mirabilis, Fasting. 

ANORGANIC, see Anhistous, and Inorganic. 

ANORMAL, Abnormous. 

ANOS'IA, from a, prir., and voeoff 'disease.' 
Health. Freedom from dbease. 

A N S ' M I A, from a, privatire, and ov/tn, 
odour.' Loss of smell. Diminution of the sense 
of smell. Called, also, Anotphre'tia, Anotphra*- 
•ia, Anophre'$iaj Parot^mia^ Anodfmiti, Anotmo^' 
•to, Ol/actde amie'aio, 0. d^fie"ien9, DvecBethe'eia 
tU/acto'ria, Anagthe'eia ol/acto'ria, Oaora'tut de- 
per'diiM, (P.) Perte de VOdorat. 

ANOSMOSIA, Anosmia. 



ANSE (F.,) Anea (L.,) signmes, properly, the 
nandle of certain vessels, usually of an arched 
form. By analogy, it has been applied to that 
which is curved in the form of such handle. 
Thus, the Freneh spesk of An§e inteHinaU to 
signifj ft portion of intostine, sapported by its 

mesentery, and describing a curved line:— i 
of Anee nerveute, Ante anaeiomotique, Ao. 

Anee de JU \s used, in Surgery, to designate A 
thread, curved in the form of an An»e, 

ANSERINA, Potcutilla anserina. 

ANSERINE, Chenopodium ambrosioides— a. 
Anthelmintiquef Chenopodium anthelminticnm— 
a. Bon Henri, Chenopodium Bonus Uenricns— cu 
Botryt, Chenopodium Botrys — a. Fftide, Cheno- 
podium vulvaria — a. Vermifuge, ChonopodiniA 

ANTACIDS, Anti-acide, Antiac"ida, /nver. 
ten'txa, from anti, ' against,' and aeida, ' acids.' 
Remedies which obviate acidity in the stomach. 
They are chemical agents, and act by neutralising 
the acid. Those chiefly used are ammonia, calcis 
carbonas, calx, magnesia, magnesiie carbona^ 
potossa, potassflB bicarbonas, p. carbonas, sodsi 
bicarbonas, and s. carbonas. They are, of coarse^ 
only palliatives, removing that which exists, not 
preventing the formation of more. 

ANTAG'ONISM, Antatjonie'mu; An(it'ta$U, 
from avri, ' against,' and ayiain^civ, < to acL' Ac- 
tion in an opposite direction. It applies to tiie 
action of muscles that act in a contrary direo- 
tion to others. In estimating the force of the 
muscles, this antagonism must be attended to. 

ANTAG'ONIST, Antagonis'ta, A muscle 
whose action produces an efi'ect contrary to that 
of another muscle. Every muscle has its anti^ 
gonist, because there is no motion in one direo* 
tion without a capability of it in another. 


ANTAPHRODIS'IAC, Antaphrodit'ic, AiKo- 
phrodieiacue, Anaphroditiacue, AnaphrodieiaCf 
Anterot'icue, from avri, 'against,' and a^poiivimnt, 
'aphrodisiac.' A substance capable of bluntin|^ 
the venereal appetite. 

ANTAPHRODITIC, AnUphrodisiac. 

ANTAPOD'OSIS, from avrairojt^w^i, 'I return 
in exchange.' The succession and return of the 
febrile periods. — Hippocrates. 

ANTAPOPLECTICUS, Antiapoplectio. 

ANTARTHRITIC, Antiartiiritic. 


ANTASTHMATICUS, Antiasthmatic. 

ANTATROPU'IC, Antatropk'icu; Antc^ro^ 
phu9, Antiatroph'icut, from am, 'against,' and 
arpoipia, ' atrophy.' A remedy opposed to atro- 
phy or consumption. 

ANTEBRACHIAL, see AntibrachlaL 

ANTECENDEN'TIA. The precursory or 
warning symptoms of a disease. 

ANTELA'BIA, Prochei'la, from ante, 'before^' 
and labia, ' the lips.' The extremi^ of the lipe. 

ANTELOPE, Antilopus. 


ANTEM'BASIS, from mm, and c^^Soivm, 'I 
enter.' Jlu'tuue ingree'eue. The mutual recep- 
tion of bone;*. — Galen. 

ANTEMETIC, Antiemetic. 

ANTENDEIXIS, Counter-indication. 

ANTENDIXIS, Counter-indication. 

ANTENEAS'MUS, from avn, 'against,' and 
veav, 'audacious.' One ftirious against himselH 
Mania, in which the patient attempts his owa 
life. — Zacchias. 

ot'eNm, Hiepid'ula, Pee cati, Eliehry'enm monle'- 
num, Bioe'eiowt Everlasting, Catefoot, (F.) Pied 
de chaL A common European plant, which hai 
been adyised in hemorrhage, diarrhoea^ Ac 

ANTEPHIALTIC, Antiephialtic. 

ANTBPILEPTIC, AntiepUeptic. 

ANTEPONENS, Anticipating. 

ANTEREPSIS, from am, 'against,' and lyn. 
lit, ' I support' The resistance — ^the solidi^— 
of bones. — ^Hippocrates. 

imtSrieub t)U uarteau 


A-VIE-itfOR, Aaii-tiu, tnm a<i». •before.' 
Blduie lieliirs. QnKt oaprmion tuw prSYuled 
«itli uaUnnitts Id tha Dae o( thg Uruit i^nre, 

„ a vrcol (loalun, witli Iha l^a 

Hid palnu of the b*Bdi tnrned farwiinlij ud 
|h* bat k|ipliad laogiMilin>Jl7 Mgethar. 

AvTx'iuoK Ac'iira ( JfMoiir.j^iinitiila'rii oafe'- 
Tiar. Arira/UnM oaric'iiJuM (P.) .1iiri'™)ai« aMt- 
witmr, i*tl*ix»r di rvreiUr, ^Dgomala-oncKlairt. 
A ibmU miucta, pMiinf troiu Ih« posterior {wt 
•f tb* ajgiigiB U Iha bolix. Utt, to dran tba eu 
'Urnria ud upwards. 

ASTcmoK HiLLRi, Lucolor tyoipaDL 



A5TGVER-BI0N, AMto^r'tio, imir«tcr'.i,^ 
IroB oMf, ' bcfon,' uid eirtEn, hiwh, ' [o turn.' 
DiiplaMmaot oT Uie ut«nu, in whuih the Aindaa 
b tania4 l«mrd« tba pubei, •ihiltt iu crifiao ii 
tswiada iha »emni. It maj ba auied fa; aitn- 
mriia»tl liu or til* pslvli, preu un af the TuearD 
an tik* at«TOK, Ac. ; and u recoguiaed hy eiaiol- 
bftCiQD |**r m^'miAi. Sea RetTDTenid uteri. 

AHTU.£!IIOPIYiCUS, Ami^itmapifiewi, 
from •>«. 'agiiiosl,' ud kamoptstit, 'ipitling 
Dt hlDod.' Agilntt (pitting of blond. A reined; 
(»r mitanK or tluoU — aXi'AaauBfirieixit (rMie. 

A5TB.BM0KRHAGtCUa, AnUhamorrhaele. 
AilTHECTlCirs, AntiluH-lifl. 
ANTUBLIT'RAQUS, (P.)i""lf>"^<>'>. 
~ of (he pniper miuclei ut the pavilion o! 

; «-«. 

ANTHBUX, Anii^lix, htm am, 'bafor. 
Bnd'i^. 'Iha helix.' An umiacncA qn Ibe cu 
dait* of til* or, in ftnnt or the hoUi, and o 
1ibi1Ib{ fnim Ibl eoncba Co tbu gronte of tl 
kialit, vhen it bifunalaa. 

AMTHKLUIK'TIC, Ja<i-WntV«>'nu,jtiti 
•nCiinH, AadiWa'llicUi JsliMD/at'ieM, fi< 
■BiVfiuM, Jfi/miiCki^'giii, .Jafiiwnnfiis'n 

Moed; which 

taiatiea an. Cher 

Inn, Sodil Chlo 

a Dippclii, 0I< 
, (idam. Spf^alia, uiu falTubtannL Bee worml. 
' AKTUKU.^ ERCPTIO, Bianihem. 

A.faf'-ta, Cvftla, V. fa'lida. Cola, <^iiiin-I*>. 
' "■ -«nM'J.« f^lidma, An'tlttmh ilo«<- 
M, Ciaonii J'^ •SH'na Hu/n '[Ma, if njr- 

ih Dt^tffMi-^, SiUy, D.-t.»td, Fitld- 
jMiJ. AM. th-& Ceinpoulie CoiTin- 

>. 4*^ SjrnganaiU SaperBna. (F.; 

luamnttJa fttiit, CaMonill* ptuiHit. 

it ptent bas * rerj diait^eeBble amell : and 
fhe liana hara a itrtiug, acrid, U< 
It ia t<Fpiil<d to hare been oselul i 

ArrBiiin Fonni, A. eotala. 

■ No'. 

I, A.o<i 

a AVWU. Ch-mnirU Ac 
•M. e>H'li«'>»i>, Aa'liktMiV, OUnaHi'lKa «Jo- 
n'Ma. Imma'timun, itutncu'ria. (" ' 
BfOt krmaiiu. The lean* and Sinrai 
au, Pb. U. S.— bar* a •(rung imei], 

n^ pOiMu t«nie and aluniachie praportii 
"a wwb pren ai a plcaaanl and cheap 
~* — te Infiuioa li lutn to prodBiHt, or tc 

■fhe O'lcam A^him'idi, 
'apertie« of tha plant, 
nifl. CgntequcnOj, Ihl 
lid bj the drngviata, mu 
r qualidea. The; aia 

AsTBEHiH oaTiBORaoEMaiB. A. Ootula. 

ANTnaiiii ODOttax, A. outula. 

Ak'tbehib FViBTHsna, iy r«ljlrMfi,'- 

Itu pjinthram, Pyrmlmii n... ..._,._ ._ 

ig the aromatlo 

b; adding 01. 

., BnUnl 

h tf>ria talii^'rit. PitAltx- 

aadri'nv; Ajun^Jk CAniKoiiM(<, Pillilon of .*hatn. 
(F.) PvrlAri, Jtac(« Winrir., PUd/Ah^a^ 
dn. Tbe riwt U hat and acrid, iu acrimuti; ra- 

id acrid, iu acrimuti; re 
, ciplo. It is nerer nsai 
aat4>rjin touthaehe, rb 

' «, paraljaia of the Ivngue, Ac. It ailLt 
M a powerful aialogogno. 

Tbe reUtlor; of the ebopa in acrmaB; la laid 
bo denFod from An^cn^^t- o^n-.o'p™.; a 
ant enltiratod in Thuringia fur meditiual pur- 

An'TBeMU TncTa'RiA, 

n«p(it*«rm.' ff«*.. 

Dfii', CAowoiaH., 



□1, h<u a bitter 

inaohiaaDdfulnorary. (F. 

milh dm Ttiit. 

Mr.Wf, (St J> It- 


Ahihehib Voifl 

oniB, M 

a Chamomilla. 



<, 'B 

rid.- ao called 

from lie flnrid eolo 

r. Ara 



■BO, alnm, «af- 

froo, 4e. It wa« 

er Ui 

form of lini- 





wdor.— CbIhu, 




-a. Vulgaris, 

AaoalUiTa antbors. 


ap^naV and 

tfi'lia, 'boandarj 



fw. A tumor 

without an; dcBn. 

d margin 


a. Bylroitrii, 

Ledum «;lveatrB. 



f"(, ' 

oal.' CbrftW. 

<mlar Exan'Aem. An eruption of lamouri, im- 
perfectl; luppurating, with Indurateil odgsa, and, 
for (he most part, a wrdid and aaoiooc core. A 
genua in Iha order Eamihcmnrka, alaaa Ba- 
•mtiVra of Good, and Including Plague and Tawa. 

ASTBRiCH, Anthraooab — a. Peslia, PlagUB — 
a. Rubula. Frambnesla. 

A^•THRAC^O^f, aeo Anlhrai. 

ANTHRACOID, AiUlnoiai'd—, frem »W, 
'eoal,' and ulti 'rMembloaee,' (F.) (Uartoa- 
KKc. Aa blacit ai eoal. Aeeompanied b; or 
reacmhiing anlhrai. 


ANTURACONBCROelS, ave Spbaeclna. 

ANTHRAC0PULYCT18, »a Anthfai. 

ANTIIRAC08IA, Anthiai. 

ANTHRACO'SW, AntSra'eia, Ocrho Palpt- 

n, from 

the Bje.- 

yclide . 
Piulna of ^ginn. Alan, 
I. It baa been used for the " 

)f coal minora," whiob ii Induced by ci 
cooOB aecumnlaCion In tbe luogn. Pitndih-mtm.. 
nai'iV firmman, (Carawetl). When utecralioD 
rcanltB from Ihii oauie, bUiek piifiiiii, {¥.) Pklhi- 
n> avee lUtlamni, exiila. See MFlanoaii. 

AlTRUdosis PCLMOBFW, aoe Melanuna, 


ANTUBAKOK'ALI, Liih-niKrakofali, Ihna 

-oduced ai 

) fanned b; diui 


. b; diuoliing enrbonato of pataataht 

puU of btiaag vk'tf ud ftd^B( M 




nticli slacked lime as will separate the potassa. 
The filtered liquor \» placed on the fire in an iron 
TesBcl, and safTcred to evaporate, nntil neither 
froth nor cfTcrycsccnce ocoara, and the liquid pre- 
sents a smooth surface like oil. To thie>, levigated 
coal i£> added in the pn>portion of 160 fp'ammcs 
to 192 grammes of potassa. The mixture is 
stirred, and removed from the fire, and the stir- 
ring is continued, until a hiack homogeneous 
powder results. A tufphuretted anthrakokali is 


AXTHROTOMANCr, Antlkropomantra, firom 
av^fnaros, * a man,' and iiavrua, * divination/ Di- 
vination by inspecting the entrails of a dead nuuL 

ANTHROPOM'ETRY, from av^^taxof, <aman,' 
and licrpovf 'measure.' Measurement of the ^ 
roensions of the different parts of the baman 

ANTITROPOMORPnUS, Atro^Ja mandragon. 

made by mixing accurately 16 grammes or,«tiI^ ^ANTHROPOPH'AGUS, (F.) Anthropopkiigt^ 
phur with the ooal, and dissolving the mi^Eture in mm avSpiairoSf 'a man,' and ^y^, *1 eat' A 

the potassa as directed above. The. ikfse of the 
simple and sulphuretted prepscatlons is about 
two grains three timel a Aay. 

ANTHRAX, av$p<^, 'a coal,' A nf rax. Carlo, 
Jiubi'nu9 venttf Chde^eVla, Erythe*ina ffangrano'- 
fUTOf GrantnVtumf Pruna, Per'tficw* I'jniHf Pyra, 
OranatrWtumf Phyma AnthraXf Erythema an- 
thrax, Carhun'c%dv»y Antkraco'tia, Anthraco'ma, 
Ab9ceii'»u» gangr<Bne9*cen9f A, gangrtsno' »U9, Fu- 
run'cufwt malig'nvM, F, gangrano'tuw, Onrhvncle, 
(F.) Charbon. An inflammation, essentially gan- 
grenous, of the cellular membrane and skin, 
which may arise from an internal or external 
cause. In the latter case it is called Anthra'cion, 
Venc'tda gangrcene^ ccnn, Anthraeophlyc'tit, Pu»- 
tuU maligne; Bouton d^Alep, Feu Perinqne, {Per- 
tianfire), Mnlvat, liouion inalin. Puce maligne, and 
is characterized at the outset by a vesication or 
bleb filled with a sero-sanguinolent fluid, under 
which a small induration is formed, surrounded 
by an areolar inflammation, which becomes gan- 
grenous. It has been thought by some to be in- 
duced altogether by contact with the matter of 
the carbuncle of animals, or of the exuviae of 
the bodies of such as had died of the disease, 
but it is now known to arise primarily in the 
human subject This form of carbuncle has re- 
ceived different names, many of tliem from the 
places whore it has prevailed ; — Carbun'culu» 
contagio'tus seu Gal'licuM sou Hunga'rieua seu 
Polon'icut seu Septentriona'b'tf Morhu» jmBtHlo'mt 
Fin'nicvs, Pun'tula gangranota seu Liv*ida Ei- 
tho'ni(B, Pemphigus Hungar'icua, 

Anthrax is a malignant boil, and its treatment 
is similar to that which is required in case of 
gangrene attacking a part 

AyfHRAX PrLMONTM, Nccropneumonia. 

ANTII Risers CEREFOLIUM, Scandix ce- 
refo'lium — a. Humilis, Chserophyllum Sylvestre 
^Hi. Proceru?, Cbserophyllum Sylvestre. 


mvOoiairoif * man,' and tarpot, * a physician.' Me- 
dicine applied to man in contradistinction to 

ANTHROPOCHEMIA, Chymistry (human). 

ANTHROPOCHYMY, Chymistry, (human). 

ANTHROPOGEN'IA, Anthropoaen*eai9, An- 
tUropog"cny, from av^puxoi, * man, and ytvtat^, 
* generation.' The knowlege, or study, or phe- 
nomena of human generation. 

ANTHROPO G'RAPHY, Anihropograph'ia, 
from avOpwirpf, ' man,' and ypa^Vt * & description.' 
Anthropology. A description of the human body. 

ANTHROPOL'ITHUS, from ayOpwiro;, 'man/ 
and Xi9ot, 'a stone/ The petrifaction of the 
human body or of any of its parts. Morbid con- 
cretions in the human body. 

ANTHROPO L'OGY, Anthropo!og"ia, from 
at^ptairot, 'man,, and Xoyo(, 'a discourse.' A 
treatise on man. By some, thb word is used for 
the science of the structure and functions of the 
human body. Frequently, it is employed synony- 
mously with Natural HiHory and Phytiology of 

name given to one who eats his own species. 

ANTHROPOPH'AG Y, Anthropopha'gia, 
etymon. The custom of eating human flesh. A 
disease in which there is great desire to eat lU 
ANTHROPOTOMY, Andranatomia. 
ANTHUS, Flos. 

ANTHYPNOT'IC,' AnthypnofieWy AfUihgp^ 
not'ic, Agrypnot'ic, from avri, 'agunst,' and 
'wirv«ri«oj, * stupefyinar.' A remedy for stupor. 

ANTUYPOCHON'DRIAC, Anthypoekondri'^ 
aeut, from avrt, 'against,' and 'vnoj^ovc^taKof, 'hy> 
pochondriac/ A remedy for hypochondriasis. 

ANTHYSTER'IC, Antihyter'ic, Antihyttef'^ 
icua, from avri, ' against,' and 'vcrtpa, ' the ute- 
rus/ A remedy for hysteria. 

ANTI, avTt, as a prefix, in composition, gene* 
rally means ' opposition.' 
ANTIADITIS. Cynanche tonsillaris. 
ANTIADON'CUS, from avriaScs, 'the toniiI«»' 
and oyKos, ' tumour.' A swelling of the tonsils. 
— Swedlaur. Anti'ager has a similar meaning. 
Antiadoncus Ixflamxatobius, Cynanche toB- 

ANTIAPOPLEC'TIC, Antiapoplcc'ticut^AntO' 
poplec'ticttgf Apoplec'ticMf from ovri, 'againet,' 
and airovXti^ia, 'apoplexy/ A remedy for apo- 
ANTIARTHRIT'IC, Antarthrif ic, Antiar. 
thrit'ieu9, Antipodog'rir, from avrt, 'against,' and 
ap^ptrts, 'the gouty' (F.) Antigoutteux, A re- 
medy for gont. 

ANTIASTHEN'IC, Antiasthen' icu; from am, 
'against,' and acOtvia, 'debility/ A remedy for 

ANTIASTHMAT'IC. Anti4uthmaficu9, An- 
tatthmat' icuff from avrt, 'against,' and a^^/Mf 
* asthma,' A remedv for asthma. 
ANTIATROPHICrS, Antatrophic. 
ANTIBALLO]MENUM, Succedaneum. 
ANTTBDELLA, Antlia sanguisuga. 
ANTIBRA'CHIAL, Antibrachin'lia. That 
which concerns the fore-arm. — Bichat J. Clo- 
quet suggests that the word should be written w^ 
tebrachial, from aiite, 'before,' and hrac'hiumf 
'the arm:' — as antebrachial region^ antebrachial 
aptmeuroais, Ac. 

Antebra'chial ApoxErRo'sis, (F.) Apo%(9^ 
rote antfbraehiafe, is a portion of the aponeurotie 
sheath which envelops the whole of the upper 
limb. It arises from the brachial aponeurosis, 
from a fibrous expansion of the tendon of the 
biceps muscle, from the epicondyle, epitrochlea, 
and, behind, from the tendon of the triceps bra- 
chialis. Within, it is int«erted into the cubitus, 
ka. ; and, below, is confounded with the two sn- 
nnlar ligaments of the carpus. It is covered by 
the skin, by veins, lymphatics, and by filaments 
of superficial nerves; it covers the muscles of the 
fore-arm, adheres to them, and sends betweem 
them several fibrous septa, which servo them for 
points of insertion. 





ANTIBBO'MIC, AnHhn/wneug, from a»n, 
'aigiuiiBV and 0pf*ftoi, 'foetor.' A Dto'dorizier, 
An agent that destroys offendTe odonra — as 
ehloride of sine, simple sulphate of alaxnina» Ac. 

ANTICACHEC'TIG, AnHeaelue^tiew, Antiea- 
eoehym'tCf from avri, 'against,' and xajft^ta, 'cir- 
ebexj.' A remedy agunst cachexj. 

ANTICAGOGHYMIC, Anticacheotie. 

ANTICAN'GEROUS, Anticancero'ttu, AnH- 
tamcr&auaf Antie€urcinom'<it<m9f ArUtMcxr'rhotu, 
from ttrrt, 'against^' and co^tyw/uiy ' cancer/ oar- 
einoma. Opposed to oanoer. 

ANTIGANGROSUS, Anticaacerons. 


ANTIGARDIUM, Foawtu du eoeur, Bcrobica- 
hu eordia. 

AKTIOATAR'RHAL, Ant%catarrJka'U$, AnH- 
eatarrhcHcut, from avn, 'against,' and Karappos, 
* catarrh.' A remedy for catarrh. 

AKTIOATJSOD'IG, AnticautoVte, Anticatuod'- 
icHB, from am, 'against,' and Kavaot, 'a homing 
fever.' A remedy for eaunu or inflammatory fever. 

AMTIGAUSOTIG, Anticausodio. 

ANTICHEIR, PoUex, see Digitas. 

ANTICH(ERADIGUS, Antiscrofulotu. 

ANTICHOLERIGA, Sophora heptaphylla. 

ANTIG^IPATING, An^'ij>an$, Antepo'nent, 
ProUp^ieua, A periodical phenomenouj recur- 
ring at progressively shorter intervals. An an- 
tieiptUing intermittent is one in which the inter- 
vals between the paroxysms become progressively 


ANTW(EUR, Scrobiculus cordis. 

ANTICOL'IC, AnHeoViewiyfTom avri, 'agunst,' 
and ntXiKof, ' the colic.' That which is opposed 
to oolic. 

AKTICOMHA, Oontre-caup, 

ANTIGOPE, Chntre-eomp. 

AKTIGRUSIS, C^mtre-coup, / 

AKTIGRUSMA, Contre-eoup, 

AXTIGUS, Anterior. 

ANTJDARTREUX, Antiherpetie. 

ANTIDEIXIS, Counter-indicatiott. 

ANTIDIARRHCE'IG, Aniidiarrhcefieue, A 
remedy for diMrhoea. Opposed to diarrhoea. 

ANTID'INIC, Antidin'icne, Din'iem, from •m, 
'against,' and ii^t, 'vertigo.' Opposed to vertigo. 

AN'TIDOTAL, Antidota'lie, same etymon as 
fuvUdote, Relating to an uitidote j possessed of 
the powers of an antidote^ 

ANTIDOTA'RIUM, from mniorov, 'an anti- 
dote.' A dispenwory. A pharmaooposia or for- 

AN'TIDOTE, Antid'oUim, from «vrc, 'against,' 
and hiimju, ' I give.' OriginaUy this word dgni- 
fled an intenuu remedy. It is now nsed synony- 
mously with eovmter-poieon, Antiphar'maeum, and 
signifies any remedy capable of combating the 
effect of poisons. 

A fiat of SuUtaneet 

h M KTAU. 

Iron Filinfs. 
Ziac Ftlinft. 

9. Acos. 
'Hianle Aeid. 
Acetic or Citric Add. 

3. Salts. 

AHcsline or Earthy 8ul> 

Chloride of SoiKain. 
Hypochlorite of Soda or 

of Lime. 


Carbooatee of Ammonia. 

Okrbonaces of 8oda. 

Cartoaate of Mafneaia. 
line Watar. 

reputed at Antidotet. 


5. BoLnnrarrs. 
Sulphuretted Hydrogen, 

dissolved in water. 
Bnlphuret of Potassium. 

6. Haloios. 

7. MsTALLio Onnis. 
Hydrated Besqul-oxide of 

Mixed Oxides of Iron. 


Albuminous Substances, 
(Albamen, Casein, and 



Animal ChaieoaL 

maoos — a. Mithridatium, Mithridate. 



AKTIDTSENTER'IO, Antidytenter'icue, from 
evTi, ' against)' ivs, * with difficulty/ and tvrspev, 
'intestine.' Opposed to dysentery. 

ANTIEMET'IG, AnUmet'ic, Anitemei'ieut, 
from avTtf 'against,' and mcriKos, 'emetic' A 
remedy for vomiting. 

Antiephtal'tieue, from avri, ' against^' and c^ioX- 
rcf, 'nightmare.' A remedy for nightmare. 

Ant%ep\lep't\cu»f from am, 'againsV and tvi- 
AqUrto, 'epilepsy.' A remedy for epilepsy. 


ANTIOALAG'TIG, An<t^a2ac'Ket(«, Aniilac*- 
teue, from arrt, 'against,' and yaXa, 'milk.' (F.) 
Antilaiteux. Opposed to the secretion of ndlk^ 
or to diseases caused by the milk. 

eo2/yrtuiii of Antig'okus. It was composed of 
oadmisy antimony, P^PP^i'y verdigris, gum Arabic, 
and water. 

ANTIGUA, see West Indies. 

ANTIHiBMOPTYIGUS, AnthsDmoptyicus. 

ANTIHEG'TIG, Antitkee'tieua, Antheo'tieue, 
from avri, 'agitinst,' and *c^is, 'habit of body.' 
The AnftAee'lteum Pots'rii is the white oxyd of 
antimony ; also called Diaphoret'ieum Jovia'li. 

ANTIHELIX, Antiielix. 


ictis, Anthetmorrhag"icua ; from avn, 'against,' 
and 'atfioppayta, 'hemorrhage.' That which is 
against hemorrhage; an antihemorrhagio re- 

ANTIHEMORRHOID'AL, Antihamorrloi- 
da*lit, from avn, 'against,' and 'ai^oopoiln, 'he- 
morrhoids.' A remedy for hemorrhoids. 

ANTIHERPET'IG, Antiherpeeieue, from ovrf, 
' against,' and 'cpirc(, 'herpes.' {^.) Antidartreux, 
A remedy for herpes. 

Antylie'nu, Aly^eua, from am, 'against,' *vhup, 
'water,' and ^o^os> 'dread.' A remedy for hy- 

ANTIHTDROP'IG, Antikydrop'ieta, Hydrop'- 
ieue, from avn, 'against,' and 'v^pui//, 'dropsy.' 
A remedy fbr dropsy. 

ANTIHTPNOTIG, Anthypnotic 

ANTIHYSTBRIG, Antihysteric. 

ANTI-IGTERIO, Anti-ieter'ieue, Jder^ieue, 
from am, 'against,' and txttpost 'jaundice.' A 
remedy for jaundice. 

Liquor Hydrargyri oxymuriatis. 

ANTILABIUM, Prolabium. 

ANTILAOTBUS, Antigalaetie. 

ANTILAITEUX, Antigalaetie. 

ANTILEP'SIS, Apprehen'eiOi from cvriXe^- 
fitam, ' I take hold of.^ The mode of attaching 
a bandage over a diseased part, by fixing it upon 
the sound parts. — Hippocrates. The mode of 
seenring budages, Ac, from slipping. Treat- 
ment by revulsion or derivation. 

ANTILETHAR'GIG, Antilethar'fieve, from 
am, 'againsV >ad \ifiapyiKes, 'affected with 
lethargy.' A remedy for lethargy. 

ANTILITH'IGS, AntUith'tca, Uth'iea, P^m 
am, 'against^' and >t9ot, 'a stone.' A substanea 
that prevents the formation of calculi in tht 
urinary organs. 

The chidT antilitiiics — according as the calculi 
are llthio acid or phosphatic— are sJkalies or 
acids ; with revellents, especially change of air; 
tonics, as diosma erenata, (?) and uva unL(7) 


ueribeil to ihcm. 

ANTILOBIUH. ADtitregns, Tngiu. 

AUTILOI'MIC, AniiM-mita., AfHilc 
Hpftilailia'lU, from mfr, 'agiunit,' bji 
< lbs plssne.' A cemed; Tor the pligat. 

ANTIL'OPDS. Ths Ji.'(ei»e. (¥.) Oatt 
Ad AWnto anlnml, whoso hoofi knd homi w 
formtfTly givvn in hyBterio uiil epUtpdc cMci 

ANTfLYflSUS, Antihydnphoblu. 

frain aim, 'ag^iut,' >nii ^iXa]r|-oAia, 'mill 
aholj.' A remecl; Cir inditDDbnlf. 

ASTIMEPHiT'IC, AMimtphii'iea; tram a 
'a^nst.' ud >iii;i1i(i'd. Areinvdj agiutirt i 
phltii: or delsurioua guoi. 

ASTIHOINE. AntimoDinni — 1. Bevm 

blnor (T, Ai 
^r^ d; Ad 

>. CAItnn 

-^ OxHJt cT, Algamth — n. OfUe 

iniuin dinphoretienm — a. Sot/rt 

lii lulpbanUuD pntripiuttuo — 

Uuljun a; Antlntaninm— a. Sul/url, Aydronf- 

hari rotioe if, AQtiinnDii lulpbnntum nthnuu 

- B. Vtrn <f . AnUmonU TiErom. 


which uitimoD; ei 

onj/ A oompoutl 
irfl- A pTflpantioD 

dAoi cnleu «>'Ai<i'I»i, A C<i;'«»n iK&iii'taiA, 
}>ilf>u /an«'*Ji. Pultif lUbia-M, />*'«u ife ^tiV- 

jur>«'« Pouder, ScHWiaiKRQ'i j'Hwr Poudtr, 
Cbivktii'i AnO'iooiiisf Ponder, (F.) PoMfre 
anriMoniofg comjiDifo on >fii Jiieb- A peroiide 
of Bnliraony combined with phonphBts of limr. 
(7^*e of aamrnon nlpUret <if nBtimony, Ibj; 
harutuin lAon'itjfi, Riij. Rout in an iron per 
uiilil they foiin ■ gray powder. Put t<ii> !nlu 
long pol, with B smsll bale in the cover. Ee« 
it in a red beat for ino boun, and grind to afio 
powder.} This preparation bai long been ej 
t«flmed aa a febrifuge: but it ii eitremely nil 
cortAin in itj action. The ordinary doAo is 6 c 
G gr«na. 



nlum mnrialain — B.OiydalDiB bydrDnulphi 
aarantiounm, Antitaooii Bnlphurotum pnccipita- 
tam — a. Oiydnm, Aigarotb — a. Oiydnm aiintnni. 
Antimonii ■nlphnrsCiini pnttcipttMutn — O-OlidDin 
aitro-mDriatioum, Aleuoth — )u Oiydi 

dam Bulpbaretum Titrifactum, Antimonii Titmm 
— a. OiysDlpburetum, A Bnlphuretiim pmeipi- 
UCum— k Polusio-tutrai. Anlimoninm tarteri- 
latuin — B. Begolai modi 


I. S< Antimon 


a. Sulphor ptmolpilD-li 

I prBoipilatnm — *. SiUphnretQin 

a. Tartraa, AuUmoaiura tarurii 

Tsrtru et PoIomib, Aniii 

-B, Viiram hyacintbinum, Antimonii Titruni. 




I^ndon PhannBcopielB, b newly lb* i 

old ftnoH Jftnrnil. It ia a powder nl an mrna^ 

ctilnur, ot a maullie, rtypUe laau. It ia emttle. 

diaphoretic, and cathartla, aceordlngto Ihadsn; 

and bu beeo obiefly ii>ed id ohnmie TbenmBdnn, 

and in cataoeoui) aJTeetione. Dnee, gr. j. to gr. ir. 

^nttnonii Sii:j)AKrcm« Prarifiiatam tS the 
Dnited 8Ufe« PhummpopfBia, la mude by boiling 
Ingalhor .'MpAurrt o/ AHifmaiiy, In Hna powdar, 
•JoJud'oo r>f Pntaita, and dittidil waltr ; ttnlo- 
ing the liEinor wbile hot, and dropping int» ]|>* 
IHlaud Si'liikario Aeid so long aa^t pradaaaMjg ' 

AiiTiiia'nn SctPHnHn'TTTM TtnnrH, i 
BABrof a/ An'r^mo-H, BvArimil/nn'm 
hint rubrum Hib'H mlphvra'H, Pttlrii i 
niw'nm, X'smci Wnml. (P.) Bydf 
nugnrAfUimoiftitilfa-^, VtmiOandtP 
Prupeiilei tba aaine a> tba loat Doae, gr.f, 
gr. It. ' 

AHTiiro'im VimoK, Ohui o/ At 
nB'uii afgdum iiilpSiira'f™ vilri/ae'tiim, 
ydam Mil/li •iMiii'Crnm, Anlima'mi 
(Hin, Or'ldum nnh'mo'ni'i m* 'laPphi 
lam, rilrni* illb'H, Anlimo'lni vitTum Ayoei 
tiinam, CKryd'ulum ilii'H n'lna'hHB. (F.) Cem 
d'AMinoiiH. (Formed by roaaUog powdertd 
commen antimony in a ihsllox veanel, orar a 
geolla tre. till it ii of s wbiUib gnf colotir, and 
emits DO fSimea In Bred beat; then nielling it, an 
a quick fire, into a clean, browniib-rcd glmu.) 
It hu been used for preparing the tBiariicd 
antimony and antimonlBl wine. 


ANTIMO'NIUM, from am, 
farm, 'alona^ <'. <. not found all 
ing to otbeni. from ai>ri, 'ngiintt,' w)4 w 
monk;' heMtuc, it la aaxcrteil. eerbuo_iii«il 
•uBercd much from it. Slibi, Stifitim, 
Antiwvt'ntit JfAtTit'I^HH, 0jrB0ee'«ai, J 
.^alar'ni,'la plMti-bta, j^MiwiMaPMl 
Slim-mi, Awwa lc;iro'nM, AntimtAmm aruSii 
Anlimo'nii nilplHitt'iim, Sulpbtirt'lum miyt(m 
grum. Oommon Aniimony, Salphurel a/ AiOtmlllt 
(P.) Anlimoin, Satfvt /rAnlimoint. Balphnnt 
at antimony is the ora from whieb all (be prepB- 
ratioaa of antimony are formed. In Pbannscy, 
il ie UiD natiTBiefqaimilphiiretotUitimony.pnrl- 
fied by fUaioa. When prepared Sir mFdJ<>Bl an, 
by iritnntlioo and lerigBlion, il fornm • powder 
of a black, or blnjib gruy culutir, wfaicb ii inan- 
luble. It it illBhUy diaphorotlo and nlt*nili*c. 
and haa been uaed in ebronio rfai 
11 dieerucB, Ae. 

I Calcihituii, Anttntmlnm d 

AKTiHo'MrtrH Duphorkt'tccic, ih'auUril 
Aniinionir. Anliinn'iH'atit Aeid, Ilin'tral Bi^aa 
Aniimo'iiiiMi Cntciiut'mm, MiniTal Oiapi 
Maiiirt p«^ d< KERxmso, Ptnxeide tf J 
moHy, Calx Anlimn'nii, jliitiao'iiiiMi 4W" ' " 
i-cun latum, Onv'f Aniimo'nii, Oolx A 
tlo'ta, Oxo'da •lih'ii albiri, Wblim Hlbic'i 

Bfutoxidi of An'Hmimf, 0^'idum 

mtdian'li niln im/ctliim, Pofowt Mnnluaw'Hi 

noyndii nitre. {Oimnion aiUimamg,a4i^r^^ 




miUr*f IbiiJ.^ — ^Throw it bj spoonfuls into a red4iot 
cmcible; powder and wash. The flowers that 
•tlok to the side of the omoible must be carefully 
•eparated, otherwise they reader it emetic.) 
Dose, gr. z. to xxx. 

AarTiMoviDM EmbticitiCi A. tartariiatam. 

Antimo'iiicm Mbdicina'lE, Rtg'^ut Anltmo'* 
nii Hedieima'lUfJiedieinal Beg'ulut o/Antitnonv, 
(Aniimoti. Mulphur. ^r. Potaat, tubcarb, §L Sodii 
chioritL J IT. Powder, mix, and melt. When 
eold, separate the scorisB at top, powder the mass, 
and wash it well.) It is eonoeiTed to be more 
actire than common antimony. 

AxTiMo'muM Mubia'tum, Ataimo'nii Mu'riat, 
Oklor'mrct of An'timony, Cklorure'tum tlib'ii, 
Spuma trimm draeo'numf DeiUo-murifU ttib'ii 
9mhlima*tu$f Butter of Antimonif, MuriaU of An- 
timonVf Chloride of Aniiwton^f Bufy'rum Antimo' 
nii, irUum AHtimo^niiy Butjf'rum ttib'ii, Caue*' 
ticum antimonia'U, Antimonium §ali'tum, (F.) 
Oklomrt d*A»timoine, Beurre d^Antimoint, (Com- 
mon antimony and oorrosive sublimate, of each 
•qoal parts : grind together, and distil in a wido> 
necked retort, and let the butyracooas matter 
that comes over, run, in a moist place, to a liquid 
oil.) A cansUc, but not much used as such. 
Sometimes taken as poison. 

AxTiifOjnux Balitum, Antimonium muriatnm. 

Ahtuco'nidm Tartariza'tdm, Tartrit Anti- 
mo'nii, Tartar Antimonia' tuoif Sal Antimo'nii, 
Tartrae Poiatf%m tibio'tut sen ttibia'lit, Tartrit 
lUiv'im »tibia'tu», Dtvio-tartratpottu'tw etetib'iif 
Tar'tanu emet'teue, Tar*tarum emel'icum, Tartrat 
mMtimo^niif Tartrat Antimo'nii et Potatsa, Anti- 
WM'nii et Potan^ Tartrae (Ph. U. 8.), Antiino'nii 
fotat'eio-tartrae, Antimo'nium eme^ieum, Tar*- 
tariztd An'titmony, Tartrate of An'timonv and 
potaa'ta, Potaeeio-tartrate of AfUttnony, JSmet'ie 
Tartar, Tartar Emetic, (F.) Tartre etibiiy Tartrt 
£mitiqmet £mltiqne ; in some parts of the United 
States, rulgarly and improperly called Tartan 
(Made by digesting mUpkuret of antimony in a 
mixture of nitric and mnritUie acide with the aid 
of heat ; Altering the liquor, and pouring it into 
water: freeing the precipitate from acid, by 
washing and drying it; adding this powder to 
hitartraie of potatea in boiling dittiUed water; 
boiling for an hour, and after fUtering the liquor 
whUe hot» setting it aside to crystallise.— Ph. U.S.) 
Tartarued antimony is emetic, sometimes ca- 
thartic and diaphoretic Bxtemally, it is rube- 
facient Dose, as an emetic, gr. J. to gr. ir. in 
eolation : as a diaphoretic, gr. one-sixteenth to 
gr. one-quarter. 

The empirical preparation^ called NoRUs's 
Drops, consist of a solution of tartariued anti- 
montf in rectified spirit, disguised by the addi- 
tion of some TCffetsible colouring matter. 

AxTiMoxiuv Vitrifactuu, Antimonii vitnim. 

ANTIMONY, BUTTER OF, Antimonium mu- 
riatom — a. Chloride of, Antimonium muriatum — 
a. Chloruret of, Antimonium muriatum — a. Deu- 
toxide of, Antimonium diaphoretieum — a. Flowers 
of, Algaroth — a. Olass of, Antimonii ritrum — a. 
Oolden sulphur of, Antimonii sulphuretum prsB- 
cipitatum^^a. Medicinal, regulus of, Antimonium 
medicinale — a. Muriate of, Antimonium muria- 
tum — a. Peroxide of, Antimonium diaphoretieum 
>-a. Potassio-tartrate of, Antimooium tartarita- 
tum — a. Submuriate of; Protoxide of, Algaroth — 
a. Sulpburet o^ red, Antimonii sulphuretum m- 
brum — a. Tartarized, Antimonium tartariiatiun 
—a. Vegetable, Bupatorium perfoliatum. 

AsrTi]fO!rT and Potassa, Tartratr of, Anti- 
monium tartarizatnm. 

ANTINEPHRIT'IC, Aitftfie;>Aret'to, Amine- 
p^ret'icu9f from avn, 'against^' and vs^pirif, 'ne- 
phritis.' A remedy for inflammation of the kidney. 



ANTINIAD, see Antinial. 

ANTIN'IAL, from errtf 'against,' and tvtwp 
'the ridge of the oeeiput.' An epithet for an 
aspect towards the side opposite to the inion, or 
ridge of the oecipuL — Barclay. Antiniad is nised 
adverbially by the same writer, to signify 'to- 
wards the antinial aspect.' 

ANTI'OCHI HI 'ERA. A preparation ex- 
tolled by the ancients in melancholy, hydropho* 
bia, epilepsy^ Ac It was formed of germander, 
agaric, pulp of colooyntb, Arabian stoechas, opo- 
ponax, sagapenum, parsley, aristolochia, white 
pepper, cinnamon, lavender, myrrh, honey, Ac. 

Antiochi Thbriaca. a theriac employed by 
Antiochns agunst every kind of poison. It was 
composed of thyme, opoponax, millet, trefoil, 
fennel, aniseed, nigella sativa, Ac. 

ANTIODONTAL'GIC, AntodontaVffic, Anto^ 
dontal'gieut, Odontai'gic, Odont'iCf AiUiodontal'- 
gictu, from avri, 'against,' and oiovraXyte, 'tooth- 
ache.' A remedy for toothache. 

AKTIORGAS'TIC, Antiorgat'tieua, from am. 
'against,' and o^aw, 'I desire vehemently.' A 
remedy for orgasm or erethism, and for irritation 
in general. 

ANTIPARAI.TT'10, AnHparaly thieve, from 
arrif 'against,' and rofaXvtfif, 'paby.' Opposed 
to palsy. 

AKTIPARABIT'IC, Antiparaeieieue, Anti- 
pktheiriaeue, Phthi^riut, Paraeit*ieide; from evrt, 
' against,' and wa^eirot, ' a parasite.' An agent 
that destroys parasites, as the different vermin 
that infest the body. The chief antiparasitics 
are Cboew/ii«, Stapkieagrioy Veratrum album, and 
certain of the mercurial preparations. 

ANTIPARASTATI'TIS, from awu, 'opposite,' 
and 9apaaTanif, 'the epididymis;' also, 'the pros- 
tate,' and iti9, denoUng inflammation. Inflam- 
mation of Cowper's glands. 

ANTIPATHI'A, from avrc, 'against,' and 
«tt0o(, 'passion, affection.' Aversion. A natural 
repugnance to any person or thing. 

ANTIPATH'IC, Antipath'ieue, (F.) Antipa- 
thique. Belonging to antipathy. Opposite, con- 
trary, — as kumeurt antipathiquee ; humours op- 
posed to each other. Also, palliative. 

tip'atbr. a farrago of more than 40 articles : 
used as an uitidote against the bites of serpents. 

ANTIPERIOD'IC, Antiperiod'ieu; Antitvp'* 
iou$, from awn, 'against,' and v€pi96of, 'period.' 
A remedy which possesses the power of arresting 
morbid periodical movements j—e. g. the sulphate 
of quinia in intermittents. 

ANTIPERISTAL'TIC, Antiperietal'ticw, An- 
tivermie'ular, from evri, 'against,' and rtptertXXu, 
' I contract' An inverted action of the intestinal 

ANTIPERIS'TASIS, from avrt, 'against,' and 
vcpirraffif, 'reunion, aggregation.' A union of 
opposite drenmstances : the action of two con- 
traiy qualities, one of which augments the force 
of the other. The peripateticians asserted, that 
it is by Antiperistasis, that fire is hotter in winter 
than in summer. Theophrastus attributes the 
cause, which renders man more vigorous, and 
makes him digest more readily in winter, to the 
augmentation of heat caused by Antiperistasis. 

ANTIPSR'NIUS, from avri, 'against,' and 
Pernio, 'a chilblain.' A remedy against chil- 
blains; — as Unguen'tum antiper'nium, an oini- 
ment for chilblains. 

ANTIPERTUBSIS, see Zinci sulpbaJi. 


ANTIPHARMACUS, Alexiphannic 

ANTIPHLOGIS'TIC, Antiphlogi^tieut, ftxia 




fvrt, 'agunsV and ^^'Y^t 'I burn.' Opposed 
to inflammation ; — ai Antiphlogittie remeait9, A. 
regimenf Ac, 

ANTIPHTnEIBIACA, Antiphthinaea, from 
•vTi, 'aj^nsty' and ^n^iaw, 'I am lousy.' A 
remedy u»cd to destroy lice. 

ANTIPHTHIS'ICAL, Antiphthu'tctu, from 
•m, 'against,' and ^tots, 'consumption.' Op- 
posed to phthisis. 

ANTIPIIYSICA, Carminatiyes. 

ANTIPHYS'ICAL, Antiphyt'unu, from awri, 
'againsty' and ^wtv, 'I blow.' An expeller of 
wind : a carminative. 

It has also been used for any thing preterna- 
tural; here, the derivation is from am, 'against,' 
and ^voiSf 'nature.' The French sometimes say, 
*Un go(kt antiphynqutf 'an unnatural taste.' 

ANTIPLAS'TIC, AntipUu'ticut, Plattilytfie, 
PlattUy^icutf from avrif ' against,' and rXooriKof, 
'formative.' Antiformative. An agent that dimi- 
nishes the quantity of plastic matter — fibrin — ^in 
the blood. 

ANTIPLEURIT'IC, Antipleviret*ieu», Anti- 
pUuret'ic, from avri, 'against,' and vXtvptri;, 
* pleurisy.' Opposed to pleurisy. 

ANTIPNEUMON'IC, Antipneumon'ievti, from 
arrif * against,' and vvsvituviaf ' disease or inflam- 
mation of the lungs.' A remedy for disease or 
inflammation of the lungs. 

ANTIPODAGRIC, Autiarthritic. 

ANTIPRAX'IS, from am, 'against,' and 
wfcaw, 'I act.' A contrary state of difierent 
parts in the same patient: e. g. an increase of 
heat in one organ, and diminution in another. 

ANTIPSOR'IO, Antip«o'ncut, Antitca'biout, 
from arrif ' against,' and xptapa, ' the itch.' (F.) 
Antifjaleux. Opposed to the itch. 

ANTIPUTRID, Antiseptic 

ANTIPY'IC, Antipy'icuM, from avrty 'against,' 
and irvov, ' pus.' Opposed to suppuration. 

ANTIPYRETIC, Febrifuge. 

ANTIPYROT'IC, Aw<i>yrot'tcii«, from avri, 
'against,' and wp, ' fire.' Opposed to bums or 
to pyrosi.^. 

ANTIQUARTANA'RIUM, Antiqitar'tinm, A 
remedy formerly used against quartan fever. 

ANTIQUUS, Chronic 

ANTIRHACHIT'IC, AntirhachW %eu9, from 
«vr<, 'against,' and rachitis. Opposed to rachitis, 
or rickets. 

ANTIRHEUMAT'IC, Antirrheutaat'icut; from 
am^ 'against,' and ptvita, 'rheumatism.' A re- 
medy for rheumatism. 

ria — a. Auriculatum, A. Elatinc 

AifTiRHi'xuM Elati'nB, A, auricula'tumf E. 
hfista'tUf Elati'nif Lina'ria elati'nif Ctftnbala'ria 
elati'nif FluelUn or Female Speedwell^ was for- 
merly used against scurvy and old ulcerations. 

Antirhi'num nKDBRACBuir, A. Liuaria — a. 
nedcr»fuUum, A. Linaria. 

Antirhi'xum LiNA'BrA, A. Aedera'eeum sen 
hederoifo'lium seu acuian'g%dumf Lina'riOf L, 
mUga'ris seu cymhala'riaf ElatVni evmhala'- 
ri'o, Oymhala'ria mura'lie, Oejf'rie, Lrina'ria, 
Common Toad Flax, (F.) Linaire, The leaves 
have a bitterish taste. They are reputed to be 
diuretic and cathartic An ointment made from 
them has been extolled in hemorrhoids. 

ANTI8CABI0US, Antipeoric 

ANTISCIRRHOUS, Anticancerous. 


ANTISCOLICUS. Antiielmintic 

ANTISCORBU'TIC, Antiscorbu'iicua, from 
Avri, ' against,' and tcorhutue, ' the scurvy.' Op- 
posed to Hcurvv. 

ANTISGROF'tJLOUS, Antieeroph'uloMe, An- 
$iterqfulo*9U9, Antietrumo'iM, Antiehagrad'icut, 
Opposed to garoftila. 

ANTISEP'TIC, Antitep'tieue, Antipm'tni, 
from avri, ' against,' and vnwTos, ' putrid. ' Autim 
putredino'sui. Opposed to putrefaction. Th« 
chief antiseptics, internally or externally em* 
ployed, are Acidum Muriaticw»t Aeidum Xitri- 
cum, Acidum Hulpkuricum, Aluminm eulpkae, 
Carho Ligni, Cfalx ChlorinatOf Cklorinumf CVa- 
chona and its active principles, Oreaeote, Jkntd 
RadiXf Fermentum CerevieitB, Sod<i Ohloruniaf 
and Zinci Ghloridum, 

ANTISIAL'AGOGUE, Aniieialago'guB, Anti^ 
ei'alutf from avrc, 'against,' and acoJUw, 'ialiva.' 
A remedy against ptyalism. 

ANTISPASIS, Derivation, Revulsion. 

ANTISPASMOD'IC, Antiepaemod'tcut, Aafi- 
qHu'tictUf from avrt, 'agunst,' and tram, 'I con- 
tract.' Opposed to spasm. The whole operatioB 
of antispasmodics is probably revulsive. The 
following are the chief reputed antispesmodiea. 
jEther Sulphurxcu9, ABafictidaf Caetoreumf Drm» 
contium, Moechutt Oleum Animate J)ippeliif and 
Valeriana — with the mental antispasmodics, ab- 
straction, powerful emotions, fear, Ac Of direct 
antispasmodics, we have no example. 

ANTISPASTICUS, Antispasmodic, Daifft- 

AXTISTASIS, Antagonism. 

ANTISTERIG'MA, from «m, 'agunsty'and 
tmi^'yiia, ' a support' A fulcrum, luppor^ cratch. 
— Hippocrates. 

ANTISTER'NUM, from arvi, 'against,' md 
oTtpvovf ' the sternum.' The back. — Rofua. 

ANTISTRUMOUS, Antiscrofulous. 

ANTISYPniLIT'IC, AntieyvhiUeient, firoa 
avTtf 'against,' and ej/philie, 'the veneiMd die- 
ease.' Opposed to the venereal disease 

ANTITASIS, Counter-extension. 

ANTITIIENAR, Opponens poUids, Addaotor 
pollicis pedis. 

AXTITHERMA, Refrigerants. 

ANTITHORA, Aeonitum anthora. 

ANTITRAG'ICUS, Antitra'geue, (P.) Vtueh 
de VAntitrayuff J/, antitragien. — (Oh.) Bel<mg« 
ing to the antitragus. A small muscle la io 
called, the existence of which is not constant. 
It occupies the space between the antitragns and 

ANTITPAGTEy, Antitragicus. 

ANTIT'RAGUS, from avrt, 'opposite to,' and 
rpayoif * the tragus,' Antilo'biumf Oblo*lnnwt, A 
conical cmineuoe on the pa\'ilion of the ear, op- 
posite the tragus. 

ANTITYP'IA, from avrt, 'againiN' and r»«Tw, 
'I strike.' Resistance. Hardness. Kepcrcuaiion. 

ANTITYPICUS, Antiperiodic 

ANTIVENE'REAL, Antivene^mu, from ^m, 
'against,' and Venutf ' Venus.' TLe same as An- 
tisyphilitic Formerly it waa used ■ynovym«A9l7 
with Antaphrodisinc 

ANTIVERMICULAR, Antiperistaltic 

ANTIVERMINOSUS, Antiielmintic 

ANT'LIA or ANTLI'A, from mrrXnv, 'tm 
pump out^' A syringe ; a pump. Hence, Antlia 
lac' tea, Lacti9u'giumy a breast-pump; and AmUia 
eanguiau'ga, Antibdella, Iliru'do artifieia'lie, the 
exhausting syringe used in cupping. 

Antlia Gastrica, Stomach-pump. 

ANTODONTALGIC. Antiodontalgic 


AXTRAX, Anthrax. 

AN THE, Antrum — a. d^Uyglimore, Antrom 
of Highmore. 

ANTROVERSIO, Antevcrsio. 

ANTRUM, 'A cavern,' Cavern* a, Bar'alhnmf 
(F.) Autre, A name given to certain cavities in 
bones, the entrance to which is smaller than the 

AsTRCM AxiBia, Tym^iAnm — su Bacrinoean^ 




Coehlem, Labyrinth — ■. Dentale, see Tooth — a. 
Pylori, see Stuiniich. 

A^TTBUM OF HiGHMORB, Antrum Iligkmoria'- 
ftMm^ Antrwm Gcn<B, Antrutn maxilla' ri vel max- 
iri4g ttuptriu' r\*f Gcnyan'trum, Max'iUary S\nu»f 
Smu* Gem^ pituita'ritUf (F.) Antrt d^ Hifghmor^f 
Sinut MaxiUaire. A deep cavity in the sub- 
ttance of the enperinr maxillary bone communi- 
eatiog with the middle meatus of the noee. It 
is lined by a prolongation of the Schneiderian 

ANCLUS, Fonette, 

ANURESIS, Ischuria. 

ANURIA, Ischuria. 

ANUS, 'a circle/ Podex^ Potex, MoPyta, Ifo- 
Dactyrio; Cfath'edrOt Oifr^ceoHf U]f9'»aro$, 

f$tkoSf Auk'edraf Aph'edron, ffedra, Proctos, 
&aeM, CuluMf Cu'leon, The circular open- 
ing aitaate at the inferior extremity of the rectum, 
by which tho excrement is expelled. The funda- 
wmmt. The •cat. The body. The ««a<, (F.) Siige, 

Ajrrs al»> signifies the anterior orifice of the 
Aqmtdmrt of Sylvius. By some, this Anu*, called 
also, Fora'meH commu'ni po9te'riu»f has been 
sapposcd to form a communication between the 
Wick part of the third ventricle and the lateral 
Ttntricles. It is closed up, however, by the tela 
ehoroidea, and also by the fornix, whioh is inti- 
mately connected with this. The foramen is 
■itnate between the commissura mollis of the 
optic thalami and the pineal gland. 

Avus, Artificial. An opening made artifi- 
cially, to supply the natairal anus. The term is 
often used to include preternatural anus. 

Axes, CoxTRACTED, (F.) Aniu ritrici, A state 
of the anas when, from some cause, it is con- 

Akus, Imperforatk. a malformation, in 
which there is no natural anus. See Atresia ani 

Ajrus, PRETERXAT'irRAL, (F.) Anu9 ctmtre na- 
tmr0, A. anormal. An accidental opening which 
sires issue to the whole or to a part of the faeces. 
It may be owing to a wound, or, which is most 
ocHRmon, to gangrene attacking the intestine in 
Ahamial sac 

This term is also employed, as well as Anus 
deni, deciotu aniM, to the case whore the anus, in- 
stead of being in its natural situation, is in some 
Aoighbonring cavity, as the bladder, vagina, &c. 

ANXI'ETY, Anxt'etw, Anxi'etudey Adatmo'- 
•£a, Dgtphi'ria anxi^eta*, Alyt'tnutf AVycif Al'- 
jpsif, Aiit from angere, 6r. ay^ttPt 'to strangle, 
to raflbeate.' A state of restlessness and agita- 
tion, wi Ji general indisposition, and a distressing 
sense of oppression at ihe epigastrium. Inquie- 
tmde, anxUty, and anguUhj represent degrees of 
the same condition. 

AKTPNIA, Insomnia. 

AOCHLE'SIA, from a, priv., and ^x^oi, 'dis- 
torfaance.' Tranquillity. Calmness. 

AOB'TAy Arte'ria magnoj A. craMwa, A, max'- 
4ma, H<Bmal Axis, of Owen. (F.) Aorte. This 
name was given by Aristotle to tho chief artery 
of the body. It may have been derived from 
mafno/iai, *l am suspended,' as it seems to be 
suspended from the heart; or from arip, 'air,' and 
ni^BM, ' I keep,' because it was supposed to con- 
tain air. It IS probable that Hippocrates meant 
by Mproi the bronchia and their ramifications. 
The aorta is the common trunk of the arteries of 
tho body. It arises from the left ventricle of the 
heart, about opposite to the fifth dorsal vertebra, 
pastes upwards {ascending AortOf) forms the great 
mrA of iht Aorta, and descends along the left 
of the spin^ {descending Aortat) until it reaches 
Ihs middle of the fourth or fifth lumbar vertebra, 
vSmts it bifurcates, to give origin to the common 

iliacs. The aorta is sometimes divided into tho 
Thoracic or pectoral, and the Ahdominul. For 
the arteries which arise from it, Ac, gee Artery. 

AORTEURYS'MA, from Aopr^. Mhe aorta.' 
and a'fwf, * dilated.' Aneurism of the Aorta, (F.) 
AnArrysme de V Aorte, Aortitctasie. By cnrcfnlly 
auscultating over the dorsal vertebrao, a bellows' 
sound, with a deep and not always perceptible 
impulitc, may be detected. 

AOR'TIC, Aor'ticvs. Relating to the Aorta- 
The Aortic ventricle^ (F.) Ventricle Aortique, is 
the left ventricle. The Aortic ralren are the sig- 
moid valves at the origin of the Aorta, Ac. 

AORTIEUTASIE, Aorteurysma. 

AORTI'TIS, Jnjlnmma'tio Aor'to', from Aorta, 
and t/i«, denoting inilammation. luflauimation 
of the aorta. 

AORTRA, Aortron, A lobe of the lungs.— 

AO'TUS, from a, privative, and off, 'an ear,' 
A monster devoid of ears. — Gurlt. 

A P A G ' M A, Apoclas'ma, Apocecaulis'menon, 
from airo, * from,' and ayu, * I remove' Separa- 
tion, abduction. Separation of a fractured bone. 
— Galcnus, Focaius. 

APAGO(JE, Defecation, Inductio. 

APALACIIINK, Ilex vomitoria — a. ii Fcuilles 
de Prunirr, Prinos — a. Gallis, Ilex vomit'iria. 

APAL'LA(jE, AjHillax'is, from axa)^arTta, 'I 

change.* Mutation, change. It is generally 
taken in a good Fense, and means the change 
from disease to health. — Hippocrates. 

APALLAXIS, Apallage. 

APALOT'ICA, from avaXorti, 'softness, ten- 
derness.' Fortuitous lesions or deformities affect- 
ing the soft parts. The first order in the class 
Tyckit'a, of Good. 

APAXT1IESI8, Apantbiamus. 

APANTUTS'MUS, Apanthe'sis, from airo, 
' from,* and avdiu, * I flower.' The obliteration 
of parts previously inservient to useful puri^oses, 
as of the ductus venosus aud ductus arteriosus, 
which are essential to foetal existence, but are 
subsequently unnecessary. See, al?o, Stuprum. 

APANTHRO'PIA, from axo, 'from,' and a»- 
^puvoff ' man.' Detestation of man ; desire for 
solitude. — Hippocrates. One of the symptoms of 
by poch on <1 rinsis. 

APAPHRISMOS, Despnmation. 

APARACH'YTUM VINUM, from a, priv., 
and xapa^vfa, ' I pour over.' 'The purest wiue : 
that which has not been mixed with sea-water. — 

APARIXE, GaSum aparine — a. Hispida, Ga- 
lium apnrine. 

APARTHROSIS, Diarthrosis. 

A P' A THY, Apathi'Of Ameli'a, from a, priva- 
tive, and va^of, 'affection.' (F.) Ajmthie. Ac- 
cidental suspension of the moral feelings. It 
takes place in very severe diseases, particularly 
in malignant fevers. 

APECIIE'MA, from airo, 'from,' and 17;^©?, 
'sound.' Properly the action of reflecting sound. 
In medicine, it is synonymous with the Latin 
Oontrafifsura, a counter-fissure, a counter-blow. 
— Gomrup, Cel}«us. 

APECTOCEPHALUS, Acephalothorus. 

APEL'LA, Appel'la, Leipoder'mos, Pecnti'tus, 
from a, priv., and pellis^ ' skin.' One whose pre- 
puce does not cover the glans. — Galenus, Lin- 
naeus, Vogel. Retraction or smallness of any 
other soft appendage. — Sagar. One who is cir- 

APEPSTA, Dyspepsia. 

APE'RIENT, Ape'riens, Aperiti'vus, from ape . 
nVe, {ad and pario,) 'to oiM?n.' Pet'^rans, A 
laxative. (F.) Anfritif, A medicine which 
gently opens the bowcla. The lena had 1qy« 




metly a mnch more extensive lignification, and, 
like Catalut'icutn, whs given to a substance sop- 
posed to have the power of opening any of the 
passages, and even the blood-vessels. 

APERIS'TATON, AixfnVtofttm, from «, pri- 
vative, and vcptarttftt, 'I surround/ An epithet 
for an ulcer not dangerous nor considerable, nor 
surrounded by inflammation. 

APERITlFy Aperient. 


APERTOR OCULI, Levator palpebr© superi- 

APERTO'RIUM, from aperio, 'I open/ An 
instrumont for dilating the os utori during labour. 

APERTURA, Mouth— a. Anterior ventriculi 
tertii cerebri, Vulva (cerebri) — ^a. Pelvis superior, 
lee Pehis. 


APEX, Macro. The point or extremity of a 
part : — as the apex of the tonguoi nose, Jbc 

Apex Linou.b, Proglossis. 

AP1IJ2RESIS, Apheresis, Extirpation. 

APUALAXai'ASIS, from a, ' intensive,' and 
AaXay^, 'phalanx.' The fourth stage of Oriental 
leprosy, which is recognised chiefly by a gangre- 
nous condition of the fingers. 

APIIASSOM'ENOS, from a^aac^, *1 touch, I 
feel.' The touching of the parts of generation 
of the female as a means of diagnosis. — Ilippo- 
oratcs. Sec Eaaphe. 


APHEDRIA, Menscsk 


API! ELI' A, o^tAw, 'simple/ Simplicity. 
The simple manners of the sect of Methodists in 
teaching and practising medicine. 

APllELX'IA, from a^cXicw, * I abstract' Vo- 
luntary inactivity of the whole or the greater 
part of the external senses to the impressions of 
surrounding objects, during wakefulness. Re~ 
very, (F.) RSrerie. Dr. Good has introduced 
this into his Nosology, as well as Aphelx'ia so- 
cort or ahtenee of mind — A, inten'ta or ab»trao- 
tion of mirui : and A. otio'ga, Stu'dium ina'nif 
brown »tudi/ or littlet muting, 

APHEPSEMA, Decoction. 

APHEPr^IS, Decoction. 

APHE'RESIS, AphcB'retit, fW>m a^atpcw, 'I 
take away.' An operation by which any part of 
the body is separated from t^e other. Hippo- 
crates, according to Focsins, uses Uie expression 
Aphcc'reftia San'gtiinit for excessive hemorrhage ; 
and Senuortufl, to express the condition of an 
animal deprived both of the foculties of the mind 
and of the mind itself. 

APH'ESIS, from a^tvin, 'I relax.' A remis- 
sion. This word expresses sometimes the dimi- 
nution or cesHation of a disease ; at others, lan- 
Ejor and debility of the lower extremities. See 
angnor, and Remission. 

APIIILAN'TUROPY, Aphilanaro'pia, from a, 
privative, ^cAcw, ' I love,' and avSowtrof, * a man.' 
Dislike to man. Love of solituae. Vogel has 
given this name to the first degree of melancholy. 


APHODEUMA, Excrement 

APHODUiS, Excrement 

APHONETUS, Aphonus. 

APHO'NIA, Lign'tiolingu/fi, Txtqne'la ahoVxiaf 
Defect Uu loque'fa, Difspho'nia, (of some,) Aph'- 
<my, (F.) Aphonic, Perte de fa VoiXf from a, pri- 
vative, and ^uvijt * voice.' Privation of voice, or 
of the sounds tiiat ought to be produced in the 
glottis. When aphonia forms part of catarrh or 
of 'cold,' it is commonly of but little consequence; 
but when produced by causes acting on the ner- 
vous system, as by some powerful emotion, or 
without any appreciable lesion of the vocal appa- 

ratus, (Laryngo'paralynt,) It freqnentlj 
all remedies. 

Apuonia, Catalepsy — a. Surdoram, Kntitai 

APHONICUS, Aphonus. 

APHO'NUS, Apho'nieut, Apko'nehu ; niM 
etymon. Relating to aphonia. 

APHONY, Aphonia. 

APHORIA, Sterilitas. i 

APHORICUS, Sterile. ' 


APHOR'ME, atpofnii, 'occasion/ The exter- 
nal and manifest cause of any thing. The ooe»> 
sional cause of a disease. — Hippocrates. 

APHRO'DES, 'frothy,' from «^p*f, 'foam,' 
and uios, 'resemblance.' Applied to the blood 
and the excrements. — Hippocrates. 

APHRODISIA, Coition, Puberty. 

APHRODIS'LVC, Aphrodinacvt, from Aff^ 
hint, 'Venus.* (F.) Aphrodinaque, Medicine 
or food believed to be capable of exciting to the 
pleasures of love; as ginger, cantharides, Ae. 
They are generally stimulants. 

APHR0DISIACU8, Venereal. 


APHRODISIOG'RAPHY, from A^po^iny, 'Ve- 
nus,' and ypa^w, 'I describe/ Etymolo^cally, 
this term means a description of the pleasures of 
love, but it has been placed at the head of a work 
describing the venereal disease. 

APHROG'ALA, from a^pof, 'foam,' and yrnXm, 
' milk.' £ae tpumo'mm, A name formerly giTen 
to milk rendered frothy by agitation. 

APHRONIA, Apoplexy. 

APHRONITRUM. Natnim, Soda. 

APHROSYNB, Delirium, Insanity. 

APHTHA, AphtcB, Apiha, from avrw, 'I in* 
flame.' Thruth or 9ore mouth, Aphtha iattitfti» 
men, A, In/an'tum, Lactu'eimen, Lactueim.*inaf ■ 
AVcoUb, Lactu'mina, Em'phljftit aphtha, Ulcere 
terpen'tia oris, Ptu'tula orit, Fehrit aphtko'tOf 
Angi'na aphtho*Ki, Vetie'uUB gingiva' rum, jSto- 
mnti'tit eac9udati'va, S. venevUo'ta in/an'tum, £lk»« 
map'yra, S. aphtha, Prunel'la, White Thmskf 
Milk Thrneh. Aphthss consist of roundish, pearl- 
coloured vesicles, confined to the lips, moathf 
and intestinal canal, and generally terminating 
in curd-like sloughs. In France, the Aphtbss of 
children, Aphthew dea En/ant, is called Muguetp 
Millet, Blanchet, Catarrhe buccal and StomaHt9 
crSmenee puttacie, Puhaceou9 infiammaticm of 
the Mouth ; and generally receives two divisioni 
— the mild or discreet, (F.) Muguet binin ou dis- 
cret, and the malignant, (F.) Muguet mnlin tm 
confluent, the Black Thruth. Common Thmsh it 
a disease of no consequenoe, retuniring merely 
the use of absorbent laxatives. The malignant 
variety, which is rare, is of a more serious cha- 
racter, and is accompanied with typhoid symp- 
toms, — Typhue aphthotdeut. 

Aphth Ji AnrLTORUv, StomatitiB, aphthone — *. 
Praoputii, Herpes pracputii-^a. Serpentes, Cancer 
aquations. . 



APHTHEUX, Aphthous. 

APHTHO'DES, Aphthoidea, Aphtholdeut, from 
nphthm. and ct5o^ ' resemblance.' Aphthons-likCi 
Resembling aphthas. 

APH'THOrS, Aphtho'aua, (F.) Aphtheux. Be- 
longing to aphthae; complicated with aphthas; 
as Aphthous Fever. 

APIASTRUM, Melissa. 

GATiE, Corpora striata — a. Digitorum, Pupola* 

APILEPSIA, Apoplexy. 

APIONTA, see Excretion. 




API06, Pynu oommimis. 

APIS, Bee. 

API'TES, from ««•», 'a pear.' Perry.-— Gor- 

APIUMp A. gTATeolens — a. Amm!, Ammi — a. 
Ani«uin» Pimpinella anuom — a. Carri^ Gamm. 

Apium Or4tbolbn8| Apium Paltula'pium, 
Beli'nuMf S*^eli grawolent, Sium graveolent, S» 
a'pium, SmaUage, (F.) Ache. Nat, Ord. Um- 
bellifene. Sex, SytU Pentandria Digynia. The 
plants, roots, and seeds are aperient and carmi- 
native. S<Urif is a variety of this. 

Avivu HoRTBKSB, A. grareoleos — a. Monta- 
sum, Athamanta aureoselinnm — a. Paludapinm, 
A. GraToolens— a. Petreeunii Bubon Macedonicum. 

Apiom PBTROSBLi'NUiry ^piiMi Horitn'U sea 
wdga'rif EUoteli'num (f), vrte/«m, Petroaeli'- 
MNM, Common Panleyt (V,) PertiL Tlie root — 
Petrotelinum, (Ph. U. S.) — and seeds are diuretic 
and aperient. 

Apiov Siirif, Siom nodiflomm — a. Vulgare, A. 

APLAS'TIC, ApUuUicut, from a, priratiTe, 
and pXtftfffw, ' I form.' That which is not capable 
of forming ; that which does not serve to form, 
or is not organizable. 

Aplastic Elbmbkt; one which is unsnscep- 
tible of any fiurther amount of organisation. — 

APLESTIA, Inglnvies, Intemperance. 

APLEU'ROSy from a, privative, and vXni^, 
' a rib.' One without ribs. — Hippocrates, Galen. 

APLOT'OMY, Aplotrnn'ta, from turXoot, * sim- 
ple/ and T€itvi», * I out.' A simple incision. 

APNEUSTIA, Apnoea, Asphyxia. 

APN(E'A, from a, privative, and tvcm, ' I re- 
spire.' Anhyr'iaf Apneiuftia, Absence of re- 
tpiration, ICetpira'Ho ahoVUoj or insensible respi- 
ration. Also, Orthopnoea. 

Apnoea Impaictuv, Asthma Thymicum. 


APNUS, «ryo»c, same etymon. One devoid of 
re«piration. An epithet applied by authors to 
eases in which the respiration is so small and 
slow, that it seems suspended. — CastellL It is 
probable, however, that the word was always ap- 
plied to the patient, not to the disease. 

APO, a»0, a prefix denoting ' from, o^ ofi^ out.' 
Hence — 

APOBAMMA, Embarama. 

APOBAINON, Eventns. 


AP0BI08IS, Death. 

APOBLEMA, Abortion. 

APOBOLB, Abortion. 



APOCATASTASIS, ConsidenUa, Restanratio. 

AP0CATHARSI6, Catharsis. 



APOCENO'SIS, ApoKtno'tia, from avo, 'out,' 
and ircvMffif, ' evacuation.' A partial evacuation, 
according to some, in opposition to Cenosis, which 
tigniAes a general evacuation. — CuUen and Swe- 
diaur apply it to morbid fluxes. 

Apocrtvobib, Abevacuatio— a. Diabetes melli- 
tuB, Diabetes — a. Ptyalismus melUtus, see Saliva- 
tion — a. Vomitus pyrosis, Pyrosis. 

APOOHOREON, Excrement. 


APOCHREMPSIS, Exspuition. 

APOCH'TMA, from av9X»«f ' I ponr oul' A 
sort of tar, obtained from old shipe, which is im- 
pregnated with chloride of sodium. It was used 
as a disctttient of tumoun. — AS tins, Paulns, 

APOCfir OOBE-irOUCHE, Apocynum 

APOCLASMA, Abduction, Apagma. 

APOCLfilSIS, Asitia, DisgueU 

APOCOPE, from mro, and Kovrttv, 'to cut.' 
Abscission. A wound with loss of substance. 
Fracture with loss of part of a bone. Amputa- 

APOCOPUS, Castratus. 

APOCRISIS, Contagion, Excrement, Becr«> 

APOCROUS'TIC, Apoerout'tica sou ApoeruM*^ 
tiea, {remed'ia,) frH>m awo, 'out,' and Kfovw* *t 
push.' An astringent and repellent. — Galcnns. 

APOCRUSTICA, Apocroustic. 

APOCYESIS, Parturition. 

avo, and kvcdv, ' a dog,' because esteemed, of old, 
to be fatal to dogs. Dog's liane. Bitter Dog*9 
Baiitf MiUcteeed, Bitterrootf Honet/blootfif Catch- 
Jly, Fltftritpf Ip'teaCf (F.) Apocin gobe-mouche, 
A, amer, Nat, Ord. ApocynesB. Sex. Sytt. Pent- 
andria Digynia. The root of this plant is found 
from Canada to Carolina. Thirty grains evacu- 
ate the stomach as effeotually as two-thirds of 
the amount of Ipecacuanha, by which name it is 
known in various parts of the eastern states. It 
is in the secondary list of the Pharmacopoeia of 
the United States* 

Apoc"n»UM CANirAB'nruM, Indian Hemp. Thit 
American plant possesses emetic, cathartic, dia- 
phoretic and diuretic properties, and has been 
strongly recommended in dropsy. It has been 
given in decoction, — ^U of the root boiled in 
tiiree pints of water to two. A wine-glassful for • 
a dose. 

Apocnrox Notjb Anglic HntsxTTirir, Asde- 
pias tnberosa — a. Oruige, Asdepias tuberosa — ^a. 
Scandens, Allamanda. 

APODACRYT'ICUS, JOelachrymatVwty from 
av9, 'from,' and ^acpvM, 'I weep. A substance, 
supposed to occasion a flow of the tears, and then 
to arrest them. — Columella, Pliny, Galenus. 

APODEMIALGU, Nostalgia. 

APOD'IA, fr^mia, privative, and ireof, 'a foot' 
Want of feet; hence Apo«« orApuMf one who has 
no feet 

APODYTB'RIUM, OmtWe'ri vm, SpoUato'- 
ftttm, Spolia^riwnf from avo^irw, 'I strip off.' The 
ante-room, where the b^tiiers stripped themselvei 
in the ancient gymnasia. 



APOGEUSIS, Ageustia. 

APOGEUSTIA, Ageustia. 


APOGON, Imberbis. 

APOG'ONUM, fi^m av«, and yiM^ai, 'I exist' 
A living foetas in utero. — Hippocrates. 

APOLEPISIS, Desquamation. 

AP0LEPISMU8, Desquamation. 

APOLEP'SIS, 4so/«p'ma,ApoV»'> A^m 
•roXafi^avw, 'I retain. Retention, suppression. 
— Hippocrates. Asphyxia. 

APOLEXaS, from avoXiryw, 'I cease.' Old 
age, decrepitude. 

APOLINO'SIS, from aro, and Xivor, 'a flaxen 
thread.' The mode of operating for fistula in 
ano, by means of a thread of Homolinon QtLinum 
erudum. — Hippocrates, Paulus. 

APOLIPSIS, Apolepsis. 


APOLUTICA, Cicatrisantia. 

APOLYS'IA, Apol*y$ia, from a iroXi>«, ' I loosen.' 

' Solution. Relaxation. Debility of the limbs or 

' looseness of bandages. — Erotian. Expulsion of 

the fostua and ita dependencies. Termination of 

i a disease. — Hippocrates, Galen. 




APOMATIIE'MA, Apomathe'tU, from no, and 
mav^avio, * I Icam/ Forgetfulness of things taaght. 

APOM'ELI, from avo, 'of/ vnd nsXt, 'honey/ 
An oxyiuel or decoction made of honey. — Qalen, 
Aetius, Paiilus, &c. 

APOMEXLS, Munctio. 

APOMYLE'XAS, from a^otivWatw, 'I make 
a wry mouth.' Oue who pushes his lips forwards, 
pressing them against each other. Occasionally 
A svmptom of nervous fever. — Qalen, Erotian. 

APOMYTllO'SIS, from aronvc9ia, *I snore.' 
A disease in which there is stortor. — Sauvages, 

APOMYXIA, Xaaal mncns. 

APONEUllOG'RAPHY, Aponeurogra'phta, 
from asoievpuxTiif an 'aponeurosis/ and ypa^ii, 
'a description.' A description of the Aponou- 


APONEUROL'OQY, Aponeurolog*'iix, from 
anorivpuKTiff 'an aponeurosis.' and Xo^o(, 'a dis- 
course.' A]>on€uro«wl'ogy* The anatomy of the 


APONEURO'SIS, Aponevro'ixa, from avo, 
'from/ and vivpov, *a nerve.* Pronerva'tiof J)e- 
nerva'tioj Enerca'tio, Expan'tio nervo'ta, (¥,) 
AponeurogCf Apon6vro9t, The ancients called 
every white part vtv^Vf and regarded the Apo- 
neurosis as a nervous expansion. The Aponeu- 
roses are white, shining membranes, very resist- 
ing, and composed of fibres interlaced. Some 
are continuous with the muscular fibres, and differ 
only from tendons by their flat form. They are 
called Aponcuro»e» of intertion, (F.) AponivrottB 
d^inBtrtiorif when they are at the extremities of 
muscles, and attach them to the bone ; — Apoiieu- 
roaet of interteclionf (F.) AponSvrotet d* inter tee- 
Hon, if they interrupt the continuity of the mus- 
cle, and are continuous on both sides with mus- 
cular fibres. Others surround the muscle, and 
prevent its displacement : they are called envelop- 
ing Aponeurmtn, (F.) Ajxmfrrotea eTenveloppe. 

Aponeurosis, Fascia — a. Crural, Fascia lata — 
a. Femoral, Fascia lata — a. Iliac, Fascia iliaca. 

APONEUROSI'TIS, from aponevroeia, and 
iti; * denoting inflammation.' Inflammation of 
an aponeurosis. 

APONEUROT'IC, Aponeurot'icue, What re- 
lates to Aponeuroses : — thus, we say Aponeurotic 
expnntion. Aponeurotic muacle, Jbc. 

APONEUROT'OMY, Aponeurotom'ia, from 
axovtvpuKTif, ' aponeurosis,' and ri^vta, ' I cut.' 
Anatomy of aponeuroses. 

Aponeurotomy has, also, been proposed for the 
divi^iion, {debridement) of filaments, Jbc, in apo- 
neurotic openings, and for the section of fasciss. 

Aponeurosis — a. Superficielle de PAJfdoauu et de 
la OiiieeCf Fascia superficialis. 

APONEVROSIS, AponenrosiB. 

APON'IA, from a, privative, and rovof, 'pain.' 
Freedom from pain. 

APONIPSIS, Ablution. 

APOPALLE'SIS, ApopaVeie, from avoiraXXw, 
'I throw off.' Expulsion. Protrusion. — Hippo- 
crates. Also, Abortion. 

APOPATE'MA, Apop'atKoe, Apop'atw. The 
excrement, and the place where it is deposited. — 
Piopcorides, Erotian. 

AP0PEDASI8, Luxation. 

rhii<e — a. per 0», Sialogogue. 

mm'ta, Apophleymatie'mi, from an; 'out,' and 
^Ary/iri, ' phlegm.' Medicines which facilitate the 
Upward expulsion of mucus from the mucous 

membrane of the digestive or air passagea; af 
gargles, masticaturies, kc. 

APOPHLEG'MATISM, ApopJdeiimati^mfiK 
The action of Apophlegmatisantia. — Galen. 
APOPHLEGMATISMI, Apophlegmatisantia. 

APOPH'RADES, from airo^pas, 'unlucky.' 
An epithet applied to unlucky days, {die* ne- 
fandi.) Days on which a favourable change 
is not expected to oocur in a disease. — ^A. Lao- 

APOPERAXIS, Amenorrhea. 

APOPHTHAR'MA, Apoph'thora, from •«•, 
and 0^c(pw, ' I corrupt.' Abortion, aa well as a 
medicine to procure abortion. 

APOPHTHORA, Abortion. 


APOPHY'ADES, from awo, 'from/ and ^«m, 
' I spring.' The ramifications of veins and arte- 
ries. — Hippocrates. 

APOPHYSE BASILAIRE, Basilary procesa 
— a. Enga\nante ou vaginale, Vaginal process — 
a. Pyramidale, see Tempond Bone — a. Pitrit, 
see Temporal Bone. 

cesses of the vertebras. 

APOPH'YSIS, from aire, 'from/ and f ««*, <I 
rise,' Ec'phueie, Procee'eue, Appendix, A proeem 
of a hon€, Prominen'tia oeeie contin'ucu When 
the apophysis is yet separated from the body of 
the bone by intervening cartilage, it is oadled 
Epiph'yeit, The apophyses or processes are, at 
times, distinguished by epithets, expressive of 
their form : as A. ttyloid, A. eoracoid, Ac Others 
are not preceded by the word apophysis ; as Jro- 
ckanter, Tuheroeity, Ac 

Apoph'tsis of Inorab'sias is a term applied 
to the lesser ala of the sphenoid bone. 

Apophysis of Rau, (Jrile apophye^ du i/iar- 
teau : see Malleus. 

Apophysis Zyoomatica, Zygomatic process. 

APOPIES'MA, from awewu^i*, 'I compress.' 
Hippocrates uses the term to signify a fanded 
expression or forcing out of humours by the 
application of bands^es in wounds and frac- 

APOPLANESIS, Error loci. 

APOPLECTIC, Apoplec'ticu; Referring to 
Apoplexy. This word has various significations. 
It is applied, 1. To individuals labouring under 
apoplexy : 2. To remedies proper for combating 
apoplexy : 3. To the constitution, temperament^ 
or make, Architectu'ra apoplec'tiea, Hal/UuM 
apoplec'ticue, which predisposes to it» and, 4. To 
the symptoms which characterise apoplexy; as 
Apoplectic eleep, A, etroJce, A. etertor, Ac The 
jugular veins have also, by some, been called 
Apoplectic veine, Venee apoplec'tic<t» 

APOPLECTICUS, Antiapoplectic, Apoplectic 

Apoplectic Cell. A cavity remaining in the 
encephalon, after the effusion of blood and its 
subsequent absorption. 

APOPLEXIA, Apoplexy— a. Catalepsia, Cata- 
lepsia — a. Cerebralis, see Apoplexy — a. Cerebri, 
see Apoplexy — a. Cordis, Hscmocardiorrhaguk— 
a. Hydrocephalica, Hydrocephalus intemus— a^ 
Hepatica, Hepatorrhagia — a. Medullaris, Apo« 
plcxia myelitica — a. Meningmay- Apoplexy, me- 

APOPLEXIA Myelit'ica; a, MedvlWri; A, 
Svina'lie, A. Rachia'li»y Ifamor'rhachia, JUyeloT' 
rnug"ia, Myclapoplex'ia, (F.) Apoplexie de la 
JUoelU fpiniire, U4morrhagie de la JlotUe fpini- 
hre, Hfmato-mydie, Himo-myf.lorrhagie, Hf'mO' 
torrkachie. Hemorrhage into the spinal marrow. 

APOPLEXIA Nervosa, Apoplexy, nervous — a. 

Nervosa traumatica, Concussion of the hnln — a» 

! Pituitosa, see Apoplexy — a. Pulmonolis, see Hss^ 

I moptysis — a. Pulmonum, see Haemoptysis -« a> 




RenaliSi Apoplexy, renal — a. RaehiaUi, A. mye- 
titioft — a. Sajsguinea, see Apoplexy — a. SeroBa, 
see Apoplexy — a. Simplex, Apoplexy, nerrona — 
•. Spasmodica, Apoplexy, nervous — a. Bpinalis, 
Apoplexia myelitiea — a. Temulenta, see Temu- 

rebri — a. CiribraU, Apoplexy, Himorrhagia ciri- 

dering Apoplexy/ A form of apoplexy, which 
If intense and rapidly fataL 

APOPLEXIB MENINq£b, Apoplexy, me- 
Bingeal — a. Dt la MoiUe Spinx^ra, Apoplexy, 

AP'OPLEXY, AvopUx^ioy from aTonXnTTtiVf 
'to strike with riolenoe.' At the present day, 
the term apoplexy is employed by many writers 
to signify inUrttitial keimorrhage, (F.) Himor- 
rkagie inUrttititUe, or every effusion of blood, 
which occnrs suddenly Into the substance of an 
organ or tissue. Hence, we speak of cerebral 
Apoplexy, pulmooary apoplexy, Ac. Ac For- 
merly it was always — and still is by many — 
used in a restricted sense, to signify, in other 
word«, the train of phenomena, which cha- 
racterise cerebral apoplexy. This disease, HtB- 
morrka'gia Cer'ebri,Aphro'nia, CanuApoplex'ta, 
Coma ApopUj^iOf Apopl^xfia cer^ebri tanguin'eaf 
A. c^rehra'lit, Eneepkalorrhag^'ia, San'guintf 
iehu, JffiBmattnetph^aluiu, PiUpe^^ia, Sidera'tio, 
ApiUp^'iOf Morbut atton*itut, Outta, TheopU'gia, 
TheopUx'ia, {¥,) Apoplexttf A, eiribraie, HSma- 
MfneephalU, Coup <U 9ang^ is eharaoterixcd by 
d^inution, or loss of sensation and mental ma- 
nifestation ; by the cessation, more or less com- 
plete, of motion ; and by a comatose state,'^cir- 
eolation and respiration continuing. It generally 
eottsistB in pressure upon the brain ; eiUier from 
targetcence of ressels, or from extravasation of 
blood : hence the terms ffameneeph'cUwtf ffSmoT' 
rhagie eSribnUe, and Hfmoineepnalorrkagief ap- 
plied to it by some. The general prognosis is 
vn&vourable ; especially when it occurs after the 
age of 35. When Apoplexy is accompanied with 
a hard, fbll pulse, and Unshed countenance, it is 
called Apoplexia tanguin'ea, Oataph'ora ooma ; 
when with a feeble pulse and pale countenance, 
and evidences of serous effusion, Apoplexia «e- 
ro'aoy A. pUuito^taf Serou9 Apoplexy, Uatank'ora 
i^dro^pkal'ieaf Bnetpkaloch'yM tni'lU, Hydro- 
€epk*alu» aeu'tua ttnum, Hydroineephalorrhfef 
(Piorry), MydropUie cSribraU turaigui, JEtydror- 

In HervouB Apoplexy, Apoplex'ia nervo'ea sen 
tpatmod'ica, A, eimpl^ Simple apoplexy, no le- 
ston whatever may oe perceptible on dissection, 
•Itiiongh the patient may have died under all the 
phenomena that are characterisUo of apoplexy. 

Apoplkxt of thb Hsart, Hsmocardior- 

Apoplkxt, MBNnres'ix, Apoplex'ia menin- 
gm'a, (F.) ApopUxie wUningie, Hhnorrhagie mi- 
ningte. Hemorrhage from the meningM of the 
brain or spinal marrow, generally into the great 
cavity of the arachnoid. 

Apoplexy, Nbrtovs, see Apoplexy — a. Pul- 
monary, see Haemoptysis — a. Simple, A. Nervous. 

Apoplext, Rekal, Apoplex'ia rena'lie, A 
condition of the kidney, characterised by knotty, 
irregular, tnbercalated eminences, some of a deep 
black colour. Effusion of blood into the sub- 
stance of the kidney. 

Apoplexy, Serous, see Apoplexy — a. Spinal, 
Apoplexia mvelitica. 

APOPNKUSIS, Exhalatlo. 

APOPNIXIS. Soffooation. 

APOPNOB, Exspiratio. 

APOPNCEA, Exspiratio. 


APOPTO'SIS, from <iirorfim», 'I fall down.' 
A relaxation of bandages. — Erotian. 

APORRHOE, Aporrhoea. 

APORRHCE'A, Apor*rhoi, Apor'rhyeie, Dejlu'^ 
vium, from aroppcM, *I flow from.' An emana- 
tion, effluvium, contagion. — Moschion. A falliag 
off of the hair, according to some. 

APORRHYSIS, Aporrhoea. 

APOSOEM'MA, Apoecep'ne, from «iro9cifir«. 
'I lie down, I direct myself towards.' Afflux of 
fluids towards a part. Metastasis. The first 
word has been appUed to the excrements. — ^Hip. 
pocrates, Oalen. 

APOSCENOSIS, Apoeenosis. 

APOSCEPARNIS'MUS,i?ea«ciV<io,from an 
and nnapvov, * a hatchet.' Wound of the cra- 
nium, by a cutting instrument, in which a piece 
of the bone has been cut out^ as with a hatchet. 
— Gomeus. 

AP0SCEP8IS, Aposcemma. 

APOS'CHASIS, Apotchat'mue, from anoex^^^t 
'I scarify.' Scarifica'tion, A slight superficial 
incision in the skio. Also, blood-letting. — Hip- 

APOS'IA, Sitie de/ee'tue, from a, privative, 
and iron;, ' drink.' Want of thirst, absence of 
desire for liquids. 

APOSI'TIA, from awe, * from,' and vtroi, 'food.' 
Aversion for food. — Galen. See Disgust, 

AP0SIT'IC,4ponric««/ the same etymology. 
Any substance which destroys the appetite, or 
suspends hunger. 

APOSPAS'MA, from axon-au, 'I tear or lace- 
rate.' (F.) Arraekem€nt, A solution of conti- 
nuity, especially of a ligament; Rhegma liga* 
menta're, Lacera'tio ligamenta'ria, 

APOSPHACEL'ISIS, Apo^hacelis'mve, from 
a«0, and ff^axcXof, ' mortification.' Gangrene in 
wounds and fractures, owing to the bandages 
being too tight — Hippocrates. 

APOSPHINX'IS, airo9^iy(if, constriction, 
compression. The action of a tight bandage.— 

APOSPONGIS'MUS, the act of sponging for 
any purpose. — Gorrtens. 

APOSTALAG'MA, Apoetag'ma, from «re, 
' fh>m,' and eroKa^u, * I drop.' The ancient name 
for the saccharine liquor which flows from grapes 
when not yet pressed. 

APOS'TASIS, from axe, and lanmi, 'I stop.' 
The ancients had different significations for this 
word. It was most commonly used for an ab- 
scess. The separation of a fn^^ent of bone by 
fracture. Removal of disease by some excre* 
tion, Ac. 

APOSTAX'IS, fh>m ««ovr»C«, * I distil from.' 
Staxie, The deflnxion of any humour, as of 
blood from the nose. — Hippocrates. 

APOSTE'MA, from ave, * from,' and c«ti7/ii, ' I 
settle,' or from a^ierii^i, * I recede from.' This 
word is used by the ancients somewhat vaguely. 
It meant an affection in which parts, previously 
in contact, are separated from each other by a 
fluid collected between them. The modems re- 
gard it as synonymous with Abeceet, Some, even 
of the modems, have applied it to any waiery 
tumour, and even to tumours in general. 

Apostema Cerebri, Eocephalopyosis — a. Em- 
pyema, Empyema — a. Pamlis, Paralis — a. Pha- 
langmn, Fourehe — a. Psoaticum, Lumbar abscess^ 

APOSTERIG'MA, from atoanfpt^,*, *l sup- 
port.' Any thing that supports a diseased part^ 
as a cushion, a pillow, Ac. — Galen. A deep- 
seated and inveterate disease of the intestines.-* 




APOS'THIA, Leipoder'miaj from a prirative, 
and itoaOtay * prepuce.* Want of prepuce. 

Sthar'macufKy Ointment of the Apostlet, So called, 
ecauso as many solid infp'edients entered into 
its compositiun as there were apostlce. It con- 
tained several resins and gum-resins, yellow wax, 
oil, Tiiie;;ar, verdigrii>, Ac, and was formerly em- 
ployed as a vulnerary. 

APOS'TROPIIE, from oiro, and rrprif^u, 'I 
turn/ An aversion or disgust for food. — Paulus. 
Also, the direction of humours towards other parts. 

APOSYRMA, Abrasion, Desquamation. 

APOTELES'MA, from aro, and ri^tcfta, 'com- 
pletion.* The result or termination of a disease. 
See, &ho, Amulctum. 


ftrom oJTo, and nOnfit, * to place.* Any place where 
things are kept, and therefore ' a shop,* and par- 
ticularly a wine cellar. A place or vessel wherein 
medicines nro kept See Pharmacopolium. 

APOTHECARIES* UALL. The Hall of the 
Corporation or Society of Apothecaries of Lon- 
don, where medicines are prepared and sold 
under their direction, Ao. This Company ob- 
tained a charter of incorporation in the 15th year 
of James the Firrtt, No general pi"iictitioner can 
establish himself in England or Wales, without 
having obtained a license from the Court of Ex- 
aminers of the Company. 

APOTII'ECARY, Apotheca'rtut, Bigperua'tor, 
Phannnropo'la, Puftnenta'riua, Pharmacopot'u*, 
Pharma* cdMf Pharmaceu'taj Bhttot'otntUf My- 
ropo'lesy Myropo'luty Pharmaclerf Pharmaeur*' 
gtetu, Pharmaeur'jiUf PJiarmaceu'titty same deri- 
ration, (F.) Apotkicairef Pharmaeienf Pharma- 
eopoU. In every country except Great Britain, 
It means one who sells drugs, makes up prescrip- 
tions, Ac. In addition to these offides, which, 
indeed, they rarely exercise, except in the case 
of their own patients, the Apothecaries in Eng- 
land form a privileged class of practitioners — a 
kind of sub-physician. 

APOTUERAPEI'A, Apothenzpi'a, Apothera- 
peu*BUy from airo^epairevw, (aro and Orpaircvw,) 'I 
eore.* A perfect cure. — Hippoc. In the ancient 
Gymnastics, it meant the last part of the exer- 
cises : — the friction, inunction, and bathing, for 
the purpose of obviating fatigue, or curing dis- 
ease. — Galen, Gorrueus. 

APOTHERAPEUSIS, Apotherapcia. 

APOTIIER'MUM, from aito, and ^«p/iiy, 'heat' 
A pickle made of mustard, oil, and vinegar. — 

APOTH'ESIS, from awon^in, 'I replace.' 
The position proper to be given to a fractured 
limb, after reduction. 

APOTHWAIRE, Apothecary. 

APOTHWAIRERIE, (P.) from aro^itiy, 'a 
warehouse, shop.' The same as ApoUiecaj also, 
A gallipot 

APOTHLIM'MA, from a«9, and 5Xi^», 'I 
press from.' Anciently, the dregs, and some- 
times the expressed juice, Sucetu cxpret'tiM, of 
plants. — Q orroeus. 

APOTHRAU'SIS, from o»o5pau«, <I break.' 
Xraeture of a bone, with spicula remaining. Ex- 
traction of a spiculum of bone. — Gorrsous. Also, 

APOTILMOS, Evulsion. 

APOT'OKOS, from aro, and nrrw, 'I bring 
forth.' An abortive foetus. — Uippocrates. 

APOTOME, AmputaUon. 

APOTOMIA, Amputation. 

APOTROP^UM, Amuletum. 

APOTROPE, Aversion. Also, deyiatlon—as 
j/ A Jhnh—J^arai'ropi, 

APOXTSMUS, Abrasion. 

APOZEM, Decoction. 

AP0ZE8IS, Decoction. 

APPARA'TUS, Para9ctu% from ad and mi. 
rartf * to prepare.' This word signifies a colleo* 
tion of in&trumcnts, Ac, for any operation what- 
ever. (F.) ApjpareiU 

In surgery, it means the methodical arrange- 
ment of all the instruments and objects necessary 
fur an operation or dressing. By extension, the 
French give the name Apparetlf Cap*a chirur'» 
gic<if to the case or drawers in which the appara- 
tus is arranged. 

Apparatus has likewise been applied to the 
different modes of operating for the stone. — See 

In Phjfiiology, Apparatus (Appareil) ifl ap- 
plied to a collection of organs, all of which work 
towards the same end. A tytern of organs com- 
prehends all those formed of a similar textnreu 
An apparatus often comprehends organs of rerj 
different nature. In the /ortner, there is analogy 
of structure ; in the latter, analogy of fiinoUon. 

Apparatus Altus, see Lithotomy. 

Apparatus Ijcnoy'able, (F.) Appareil tmnio- 
bile. Immovable Bandage, Permanent Bandage, 
An apparatus for fhictures, which is generally 
formed by wetting the bandages in some sub- 
stance, as starch or dextrin, which becomes solid, 
and retains the parts in situ. 

Apparatus Lateralis, see Lithotomy — a» 
Major, see Lithotomy — a. Minor, see Lithotomy. 

APPAREIL, Apparatus, Bottier — a. Grand, 
see Lithotomy — a. JIaut, see Lithotomy — a. /m- 
mobiU, Apparatus, immovable — a. Latin^isi, see 
Lithotomy — a. Petit, see Lithotomy — a. Pi^- 
mental, Pigmental apparatus. 

admits, in the brain, two kinds of fibres; the 
one, divergent, proceeding from the cerebral pe- 
duncles to the convolutions, and constituting 
what he calls appareils de formation : the other, 
convergent, and proceeding from the conrolntioni 
to the centre of the organ, constituting what he 
calls appareils de riunion. The /irst, as a whole^ 
form the organs of the mental faculties : the latter 
are commissures, which unite parte of the organ 
that are double and in pairs. 

APPAUVRI, Impoverished. 

APPENDIOE, Appendix— a. Caeal, Appen* 
dix vermiformis oseci — a. Digital, Appendix rer* 
miformis csoci — a. Sous-stemale, Xiphoid carti- 
lage — a. Sus-sphenoidale du eerveau, Pituitary 
gland — a. Xiphotde, Xiphoid cartilage. 

Appendices Coli Adipose, Appendiculas epi* 
ploicse — Epipldiques, Appendiculfle epiploicsB. 

— a. Vermiformis casci, see Appendix — a. Epi 
ploioa. Epiploic appendage. 

loie appendages, Appendic'ula Epiplo'iciBf Ap» 
pen' dices coli adipo'sa, Omen' tula, (F.) Apptf^ 
dices Epipldiques, Prolongations of the peri- 
toneum beyond the surface of the great intestine, 
which are analagous in texture and arrangemeni 
to omenta. 

APPEN'DIX, Epiph'vsis, from appendere, (ad 
End pendere, *to hang,') *to hang from.' Any 
part that adheres to an organ or is continnoai 
with it : — seeming as if added to it An append* 
age; an apophysis, (F.) Appendice, Annexe, 

Appendix AuRictrLJS, see Auricles of the 

Appendix Cerebri, Pituitary gland — a. ad 
Cerebrum, Cerebellum — a. Cutanea Septi Narium, 
Statica Sopti Narium — a. to the Epididymis, Vaft> 
culum aberrans — a. Ventriculi, Duodenum. 

Appendix Yerkifob'kis, Appendiefula F«r- 




piyatfAddttaiMn'tum Ool\,Apptn'dix (74B'ct,(F.) 
Appendice vtrmiforwae. A, eacal on digitaL. A 
Tvrmicalar prooess, the rise of % gooBe-quill, 
wMeh hangs from the intestine oaBCom. Its funo> 
tions are unknown. 
APPEXSIO, see Analeptia. 
AP'PETENCB, Appettn'tia, from appeUre, (ad 
mnd petere,) 'to desire.' An ardent^ passionate 
denre for any object. 

APPETITy PERTS Ut, Anorexia. I 
AP'PBTITB, AppelV^vMt Appttmt'tia, AmpeW- 
Hoi {ad and peiere,) * to seek, Cupi'do, Orea/u, 
Ormi : same etymology as the last An internal 
sensation, which warns ns of the necessity of ex- 
erting certain functions, espeeially those of diges- 
tion and generaUon. In the latter case it is called 
««Merea2 appetite f (F.) AppeHt vinirien: in the 
former, simply appetite, (F.) Appetit ou Appeti- 
Hon, If the desire for food, oeoasioned by a real 
want» be carried to a certain extent, it is called 
Xunger, when solid food is concerned ; tkirety when 
liqoid. Appetite and kvmger ought not, how- 
erer, to be employed synonymously: they are 
different degrees of Uie same want. Hunger is 
an imperious desire : it cannot be provoke^ like 
the appetite. It is always allayed by eating : but 
not so the appetite ; for, at times, it may be ex- 
cited in this manner. They are very generally, 
liowerer, used synonymously. 

Appstitb, MoBBin, Limosis. 

Ap'pstitb, yBUB'BBAL, Venereal desire, (F.) 
Le gSnfeiquef Amour phyeique. The instinctive 
feeling that attracts the sexes towards each other 
to effect the work of reproduction. 

APPETITUS CANINUS, Bonlimia— a. Defi- 
fltsns, Dysorexia. 

APPLE, ADAM'S, Pomum Adami—a. Bitter, 
Cuenmis colocynihis — a. Curassoa, Aurantinm 
ennssaTentinm — a. Eye, see Melon — a. May, 
Podophyllum peltatum — a. Root, Euphorbia co- 

Applb Tba, Apple water. Slice two large, not 
over-ripe applet, and pour orer a pint of boiling 
Afler an hour, pour off the fluid, and, if 
r, sweeten with sugar. 

Apple Tbeb, Pyms mains. 

APPLICA'TA, from applieare, (fidmdpUeare, 
'to fold,') < to apply.' A word, nnnecessarily in- 
troduced into medical language, to express the 
objects which are applied immediately to the snr- 
faM of the body, as olothesy cosmetics, baths, Ae. 

APPLICA'TION, Applxta'txo, (same etymon,) 
in a moral signifleaUon, is synonymous with At- 
tention. Also, the act of applying one thing to 
another ; as the application of an apparatus, of 
« bandage, blister, Ac 

APPRBHEN'810, from ad and prehendere, 
'to take.' This word is employed in various 
senses. It means catalepsy or catoche. — Paul 
Zacohias. A kind of bandage tor securing any 
part. Also, a therapeutical indication. 

APPROCHE, Coition. 

APPROXIMA'TION, Approximaftio, from ad 
and proximtMt 'nearest' JBttmnller gave this 
name to a pretended method of oaring disease, 
by making it pass from man into some animal or 
vegetable, by the aid of immediate contact. 

APRAC'TA, from a, priv., and vpavrw, ' I act' 
Without action. An epithet for the parts of ge- 
neration, when unfit for copulation or generation. 

APRICATIO, Insolation. 

APRICOT, Pmnus ArmeniMa. 

APROCTUS, see Atretns. 

APROSO'PIA, TrioeepkaTta, from e, priv., 
•nd v/Mtfurov, ' the face.' A Bialformation« which 
eoofists in the iaee being defieient 

APR080PT7S, Microprosopns. 

APSINTHIA'TUM, from a^i^i^uv, 'worm- 
wood.' A sort of drink made of wormwcod. 
— A^'tins. 

APSINTHITES, Abshithites. 

APSYCHIA, Syncope. 

APSYXIA, Syncope. 

APTHiE, Aphtha. 

APTYS'TOS, from a, priv., and mm, 'I spit 
Devoid of expectoration. An epithet given te 
certain pleurisies, in which there is no expectora- 
tion. — Hippocrates. 

APUS, see Apodia. 

APY'ETOS, from a, priv., and irvov, 'pus.' An 
external affection, which does not end in suppu- 

^/>r/gt7^, Apyos. 

AP'YOS, from a, priv., and mov, 'pns,' (F.) 
Apyique, That which does not afford pus. 

APYRECTIC, Apyretac. 

APYREXOMELE, Apyromele. 

APYRET'IC, Apyrelfieut, ApyretfH^, Apyree^ 
titue, Apyr'etua, crom «, priv., and wp, ' fire, 
fever.' Without fever. This epithet is given to 
days in which there is no paroxysm of a disease, 
as in the case of an intermittent, as well as to 
some local affections which do not induce fever. 
Urticaria is sometimes called an apyretie eaoan" 

APYREX'IA. The same etymology. Absence 
of fever; Dialem'ma, DiaUip^eie, Dialip'eie, 
Tempue intercakt'ri, Interva^lum, Intermie^rio, 
Apyrexia is the condition of an intermittent 
fever between tiie paroxysms: the duration of 
the apyrexia, consequently, depends on the type 
of the intermittent Oocasionally, the term has 
been applied to the cessation of Uie febrile con- 
dition in acute diseases. 

APYROME'LB, Apyrencme'li, flrom a, priv., 
m^v, 'a nut,' and /ivXij, 'a sound.' A sound or 
probe, without a button or nut It is the Melo'ti$, 
S^teeiVlum awrieula'rium or Auricular eound of 

AQUA, Urine, Water — a. Aeidi carbonic!. 
Acidulous water — a. Acidula hydrosulphuratay 
Naples water (factitious) — a. Aeris fixi. Acidu- 
lous water (simple) — a. Alkalina oxymuriatica, 
Eau de Javelle — a. Aluminis compositus, Liquor, 
a. e.— 4k Aluminosa Bateana, Liq. aluminis como 
positus — a. AmmonisB, Liquor ammonisB — ^a. Ace- 
tatis ammonlse. Liquor ammonisd acetatis — a. 
AmmonisB earbonatis. Liquor ammonias subcsr- 
bonatis — a. Ammoniss oansticay Liquor ammonlss 
— a. Amnii, Liquor Amnii. 

Aqua AvTGDALA'nnif Covceittra'ta, (F.) 
Eau eTAmandee amiree, Water of hitter almonde. 
Made by bruising well two pounds of bitter aU 
numde; adding, whilst triturating, ten pounds 
of epring wafer, and four pounds of alcohol; let- 
ting the mixture rest in a well-closed vessel, and 
then distilling two pounds. Used instead of the 
Aqua Lauroeerasi, and the Hydrocyanic acid. 

An Aqua omy^daltB ama'rm, Bitter Almond 
water, has been introduced into the last edition 
of the Ph. U. S., 1851, {OL amyydal, amar, 
n^xvj. ; Magnet, Oarhon, 33< ; Aqua Oij.) 

Aqua Ahisi Fortib, Spiritns anisi — a. Aquis- 
mnensis, see Aix-la-Chapelle — a. Auditorial 
Cotunnius, Liquor of—*. Anrantii, see Citrus au- 
rantinm — a. Acottca oxygenata. Aqua nitrogenii 
protoxydi — a. Balsamiea artorialis. Aqua Bi- 
nellii— «. Bareginensis, Bareges water — a. Barytss 
Muriatis, see Baryta, muriate of— a. Bellilucanay 
B^laruc waters — a. Benedicta, Liquor calcis — a. 
Benediota composita. Liquor ealcis compositus— 
a. Benedieta Rulandi, Vinum antimonil tartar!- 

Aqva Bm'uii, Ae^iMi Bi^Ui* A. MmUerom^, 




Aqua BafjHxm'iea arteria'lU, (F.) Eav de Binellif 
Eaude Monteroni, A celebrated Italian hasmo- 
•tatic, invented by one BinellL Ita composition 
is unknown, but its virtues have been ascribed to 
orcasiote ; although there is reason for believing 
it to possess no more activity than cold water. 

Aqca BROCcniK'Rii, Aequa Brocckieri, Broe- 
chieri water, (F.) Eau de Brocchieri, Eau ttyp- 
tique de Brocchieri, A supposed styptic, which 
made much noise at Paris at one time. It Is de- 
void of efficacy. Dr. Paris found nothing in it 
but wat«r perfumed by some vegetable essence. 

Aqua Borvonensis, Bourbonne-les-Bains, mi- 
neral waters of — a. Bristoliensis, Bristol water — 
a. Colcariee ustas. Liquor caloifl — a. CalciB, Liquor 
calcis — a. Calcis composita, Liquor calcis eompo- 
situs — a. Camphorce, Mistura camphorss — a. 
Camphorata, Bates's, see Cupri sulphas — a. Car- 
bonatis sodee acidula, Acidulous water, simple — 
a. Catapultarum, Arquelnucuie, eau cf — a. Chlo- 
rini, see Chlorine. 

Aqua Cinnaho'vi, Cinnamon Water. BistUled 
water of Cinnamon Bark. Prepared also in the 
following manner. 01. Cinnam, f^^s; Magnet, 
Carbon. 3J ; Aq, dettillat. OiJ. Rub the oil and 
carbonate of magnesia ; add the water gradually, 
and filter. (Ph. U. S.) 

Aqua Cinnamomi Fortis, Spiritns Cinnamomi 
>-a. Colcestrensis, Colchester, mineral waters o£ 

Aqua Colora'ta, ' coloured water.' A name 
^ven to a prescripUon in which simple coloured 
water is contained. Used in hospital cases, more 
especially, where a placebo is demanded. 

Aqua Cupri Ammoniata, Liquor c a. — a. Ca- 
pri vitriolati oomposita, Liquor cupri sulphatis 
oomposito — a. inter Cutem, Anasarca — a. Destil- 
lata, Water, distilled — a. Florum aurantii, see 
Citrus aurantium — a. Fluviatilis, Water, river. 

Aqua F(ENIc'uli, Fennel water. The diBtilled 
water of fennel seed. It may be prepared aUo 
like the aqua cinnamomL 

Aqua Foktaita, Water, spring — a. Fortis, Nir 
trie acid — a. Ilepatica, HydrosiSphuretted water 
— a, Ilordeata, Decoctnm hordei — a. Imbrium, 
Water, rain — a. Inbercus, Anasarca — a. Inter 
Cutem, Anasarca — a. Juniperi composita, Spiritus 
Juniper! compositns — a. Kali, Liquor potasssB 
tfubcarbonatis — a. Kali caustici, Liquor potassss 
—a. Kali pncparati, Liquor potassse subcarbon- 
atis — a. Kali puri. Liquor potassec — a. Kali sub- 
carbon atis, Liquor potassas subcarbonatis — a. La> 
byrinthi, Cotunnius, liquor of — a. Lactis, 8eram 
lactis — a. ex Lacu, Water, lake — a. Lithargyri 
acetati composita, Liquor plumbi subacet^is di- 
lutus — a. Luoia>, Spiritus ammonisB succinatus — 
a. Marina, Water, sea — a. Medicate, Water, mi- 

Aqua Mkitth js Piperi'tje, Peppermint Water. 
The diiitilled water of peppermint. It may be 
prepared like the aqua cinnamomi. 

Aqua MsNTHiB Piperitidis Spirituoba, Spi- 
ritus menthsB piperitae — a. MenthsB viridis. Spear- 
mint water; see Aquse mentha) piperit«e — a. Men- 
thse vulgaris spirituosa, Spiritus mentha» viridis — 
— a. Mineralis, Water, mineral — a. Mirabilis, Spi- 
ritus pimentoD — a. Mulsa, Hydromeli — a. Natri 
Oxmyuriatici, Liquor sodas chlorinatae — a. Nea- 
politana, Naples water, (factitious) — a. Nephrit- 
ica, Spiritus myristica. 

Aqua Nitroobx'u Protox'tdi, Protox'ide 
of Ni'trogen Water, Aqua azofiea oxygena'tOf 
SearU*M patent oxgg"enoue airated water, A psi- 
tent solution of protoxide of nitrogen, said to 
contain five times its own bulk of gas. It has 
been recommended as a nervine, and excitant in 
nervous conditions, dyspepsia, Ac It has also 
been used in cholera, and to counteract the evil 
fonieqaenoei of dninkennets. The dose is f JtJ, 

or §viii, two or three times a day; or, in djB» 
pepsia, as a beverage between meals. 

Aqua Nivata, Water, snow — a. Nucis mosehft- 
taB, Spiritus myristicas — a. Ophthalmiea, Liquor 
line! sulphatis cum camphori — a. Paludosa, 
Water, marsh — a. Pedum, Urine — a. Pericardiif 
see Pericardium — a. Picea, see Finns sylvestris 
— a. Picis, see Pinus sylvestris — a. Plnvialis, 
Water, rain — a. PotasssB, Liquor potasMS — a. 
Pulegii spirituosa, Spiritus pulegii — a. Putealis» 
Water, well — a. ex Puteo, Water, well — a. Rabelliy 
Elixir acidnm Halleri — a. Raphani eompoaita, 
Spiritus armoracisd compositus — ^a. Regia, Nitro- 
muriatic acid. 

Aqua Ros^ Bote Water, Bhodottag'ma^ 
{Bo9, centi/oL fi>vi\j : Aqua cong. i[j. M. Distil « 
gaUon— Ph. U. S.) 

Aqua Salubris, Water, mineral — a. Bapph*- 
rina, Liquor cupri ammoniata — a. Sataml» Li- 
quor plumbi subacetatis dilutus — a. Selopetaria, 
Arquebutade eau (T — a. Seminum anisi comp<^ 
8itl^ Spiritus anisi — a. Seminum carui foiiii^ 
Spiritus carui — a. Sodao effervescens, Acidnloni 
water, simple — a. Soteria, Water, mineral — a. 
Stygia, Nitro-muriatio acid — a. Styptica, Liqaor 
cupri sulphatis composita — a. Sulphurata sim- 
plex, Hydrosulpharetted water — a. Sulphnreti 
ammoniae. Liquor fumans Boylii — a. ThedianSy 
ArqucbutaeU eau <f — a. Theriacalis Besoardicay 
Chylostagma diaphoreticum Mindercri — a. To- 
fana, Liquor arsenicalis — a. Tosti panis. Toast 
water — a. Traumatica Thedenii, ArquebuHuU eau 
d^ — a. Vegeto-mineralis, Liquor plumbi subace- 
tatis dilutus — a. Yiciensis, Vichy water — a. Vl- 
triolica camphorata. Liquor xinoi sulphatis onm 
camphord. — a. Vitriolica cserulea, Solutio sulpha- 
tis cupri composita — a. Vulneraria, Arquebmadm 
eau cT — a. Zind vitriolati cum camphoi^ LLquor 
sinci sulphatis cum camphoriU 

AQU^ ACIDULiG, Acidulous waters — a. 
Badiguse, Bath, Mineral waters of — a. BadiuSy 
Bath, Mineral waters of — a. Bathonias, BatJby 
Mineral waters of— a. Buxtonienses, Buxton, Mi- 
neral waters of — a. Cantuarienses, Canterbuiyy 
waters of— a. Chalybcatas, Waters, mineral, cha- 

Aqujb Destilla't^, DittilUd Water; Hydro- 
la'ta, (F.) HudrolaU, These are made by pat- 
ting vegetable substances, as roses, mint, penny- 
royal, ^0., into a still with water, and drawing 
off as much as is found to possess the aromatic 
properties of the plant To every gallon of the 
distilled water, 5 oz. of spirit should be added to 
preserve it. The eimple dietiUed toatere are some- 
times called Aqu4B 9tillatii"ici eim'plicee: the «pi- 
rituouMf Aqua etillaiit^'ia tpirituo'ta, but more 
commonly Spir'itut. 

AQUiE Martiales, Waters, mineral, chalybe- 
ate — a. Metus, Hydrophobia — a. Minerales aei- 
dulas. Waters, mineral, gaseous — a. Minerales 
fermginosae. Waters, mineral, chalybeate — a. Mi- 
nerales sulphureas, Waters, mineral, sulphureous 
— a. Stillatitias, Aquas destillatae — a. Soils, Bathy 
mineral waters of. 

AQU^DUC'TUS, Aq'ueduct, from aqua 'wa- 
ter,' and ducere, duetum, * to lead.' (F.) Aque- 
due. Properly, a canal for conducting water 
from one place to another. Anatomists have 
used it to designate certain canals. 

Aqujeductus Cerebri, Infbndibulum of the 
bnun — a. Cotunnii, Aquasductus veatibulL 

Aqujsduc'tus Coch'le^ {'F.)Aqueduedu Li-' 
moQon; — a very narrow canal, which proceeds 
from the tympanic scala of the cochlea to the 
posterior edge of the pare petroea. 

Aqujeduc'tus Fallo'pii, Canal epiroide de 
Foe temporal of Chanssier, (F.) Aquedue de F%U 
lope, A canal in the pars petrosa of the tempo* 




ml V>ii6» wbicli extends from the meatns mdito- 
rins intemas to the foramen stylo-mastoideam, 
and giTca passage to the facial nenre. The 
opening into this aqnednot is called Hia'iut I^al- 

AquiBDUc'TiTS Stl'th, OanaHii eminen'tuB 
quadrigem'ina, (F.) Aquedue de Sylvius, Iter ad 
quartum ventrie'ulum, Cana'lia me'aitUf Cfanal in- 
Un»6diare dtt ventrictdeM of Ghaussier. A canal 
forming a communication between the third and 
fourth ventricles of the brain. 

Aqdjeditc'tus Yestib'uli, Aqrugductu9 Cfotun'- 
mi. Canal of Cotun'Hi%t9, {F.) Aquedue du vettibule 
on Aquedue de Ootugno. This begins in the tos- 
tibule, near the common orifice of the two eemi- 
mrcular canids, and opens at the posterior surface 
of the pare petro^a, 

AQUALIC'ULUS, from aqualie, 'a water-pot.' 
That part of the abdomen which extends from 
the umbilicus to the pubes. See Hypogastrium. 
It has also been applied to the stomach or intes- 
tinal canal. 

AQUAS'TEB. A word used, bj Paracelsus, 
to express the Tisions or halluoinations of pa- 

A Q UED UGf Aqueduct^-a. de Cotugno—k^vLt6- 
dnctus TestibuU — a. de Fallope, Aqusednctus Fol- 
lopii — a, du LimaQon, Aquaeductus cochlesB — a. 
de SylviuMf Aqufeductus Sylvii — a. du Vestibule, 
AquiDductus Tcstibuli. 

AQUEDUCT, AqusD ductus. 

A'QUEOUS, A'queue, Aquo^nu, ffydnto^dee. 
Hydro' dee, from aqua, 'water,' (F.) Aqueuxj 
Watery. The absorbents or lymphatics are 
sometimes called, in France, Conduite ou Ca- 
naux aqueux. 

Aqukous Hcvour or the Etb, ITumor aqu</- 
mUf Albttgtn*e€nu humour, Ooei'dea, Oo'dee, Hy- 
datoVdetf Jlydato'dee, Ova'tua sen Ovifor'mie 
humor t (F.) Humeur aqueuee. The limpid fluid 
which fills the two chambers of the eye, from the 
cornea to the crystalline, and which is, conse- 
quently, in contact with the two surfaces of the 
iris. Quantity, 6 or 6 grains : s. g. 1.0003. It 
contains albumen, chloride of sodium, and phos- 
phate of lime in small quantity; and is enveloped 
m a fine membrane: — the membrane o/the aqueoue 
humourf Tunica propria sen VagVna humo'ris 
a'quei sen Membra' na Demuria'na sen Deeee- 
me^ii, Membrane of Demourt or of Deeeemet; al- 
though these last terms are by some appropri- 
ated to a third layer of the cornea. 

AQUEUS, Aqueous. 

AQUIDUGA, Hydragogues. 

AQUIFOLIUM, Bex aqnifoUum— a. Folfis 
deciduis, Prinos. 

AQUILA, Hydrargyri submurias, Sulphur. 

The alchymists used this word for sublimed 
sal ammoniac, precipitated mercury, arsenic, sul- 
phur, and the philosopher's stone. Bee Hydrar- 
gyri Submurias, and Sulphur. 

Aq'uila Goelbst'is ; a sort of paaaoea, of which 
mercury was a constituent. 

Aq'uila Lach'ryx jb ; a liquor prepared from 
several ingredients, especially from calomel. 

AQ'nii.A pRiLOSOPHo'Rinf. The alchymists, 
whose terms were always mysterious, called mer- 
cury thus, when reduced to its original form. 

Aq'uila Ve5'eris; an ancient preparation, 
made by subliming verdigris and sal ammoniac. 

AQUILA VElfjB, Temporal veins. 

AQUILB'GIA, A. vulga'rte. A, evlvee'trie ten 
Alpi*na, Common Colombine or CoJumbinef (F.) 
An&>lie. The seeds, herb, and flowers were for- 
merly used in jaundice and cutaneous diseases. 
They are still retained in many of the Pharma- 
copcBlas of continental Europe. 

Aqotlxoia AiirnrA, AquUesia. 

AqciLsgu GaxadiuisiSi Wild Columbine U 

indigenous, and flowers in April and June. Tht 
seeds are said to be tonic. 

Aqitileoia Syltesteib, Aquilegia — a. Ynl* 
garis, Aquilegia. 

AQUO-CAPSULITIS, Aquo-membranitis. 

AQUO-MBMBRANFTIS, Keratolri'titf, Aquo* 
capeuli'tie. Inflammation of the anterior cham- 
ber of the eye. A badly compounded term, de- 
noting inflammation of the capsule or membrane 
of the aqueous humour. 

AQUULA, Geratocele, Hydatid, Hydroa — a. 
Acustioa, Gotunnius, liquor of 

Aqitula sen AgtiA Morgagnti. The minute 
portion of water which escapes when an opening 
is mode into the capsule of the crystalline. 

ARA PARVA, a small altar; — a kind of band- 
age invented by Bostratus, which represents the 
comers of an altar. — Oalen. 

AR'ABE ; a wound, a blow. — Erotian. 

abic Hepatic An'tidote, A powder composed of 
myrrh, costus, white pepper, Ac, It was admi- 
nistered in new wine. 

ARAB'IGUS LAPIS. A sort of white marble, 
analogous to alabaster, found in Arabia. It was 
regarded as absorbent and desiceative, and wal 
employed in hemorrhoids. 

ARAB IS BARB AREA, Erysimum barbarea. 

AR'ABIS MALAO'MA. An antiscrofulou. 
medicine, composed of myrrh, olibanum, wax 
sal ammoniac, iron pyrites, Ac. — Celsus. 

bians kept the torch of medical science illumi- 
nated during a dark period of the middle ages. 
Before the year of the Hegira, they had Bohools 
of medicine; but these were most flourishing 
during the 10th, 11th, and 12th centuries. The 
chief additions made by them to medical scienec 
were in the departments of pharmacy and in the 
description of diseases. Their principal writers 
were Avicenna, Serapion, Averrhoes, Hali Abbas, 
Moses Maimonides, Avenzoar, Rhazes, Albuca- 
sis, Ac. 

ARACAGHA, Gonium moschatum. 

ARAGHIS AFRIGANA, A. hypogea^-a. Ame- 
ricana, A. Hypogea. 

Ar'achis Htpoqb'a, a. Ameriea'na, A. Afri^ 
ea'tta, Araehni'da hypogea, Ground nut, Pea nut. 
Earth almond, (8.) Mane; erroneously called 
Pietaehio nut, in the South ; Pindare of the West 
Indies. Cultivated in the Southern States. The 
seeds are oily, and are eaten. A kind of inferior 
chocolate may be made of them. 

ARACH'NE, a^x^f '• spider,' 'a cobweb.* 
Hence — 

ARAGHNIDA HYPOGEA, Arachis hypogea. 

ARACHNI'TIS, Araehnoidi'tie, Arachnodei'^ 
tie, Infiammation of the Arachnoid, A variety 
of phrenitis. 


ARACHNOID CANAL, see Canal, arachnoid. 

ARACHKoin or the Eye. The lining mem- 
brane of a cavity, supposed by some to exist be- 
tween the sderotio and choroid. 

Aracr'roid Mevbranb, Meninx Me'dia^ 
AraehncHdeue, Araehno'dee, from apa;i^vi;, ' a cob- 
web,' and sioof, 'form, resemblance;' Tu'niea 
ara'nea, Araohno'dee, T, cryetaVlina, Menin'" 
gion, A name given to several membranes, 
which, by their extreme thinness, resemble spi- 
der-webs. — Celsus and Galen called thus Uie 
membrane of the vitreous humour, — the tnniea 
hyaloidea. The modems use it now for one of 
the membranes of the brain, situate between the 
dura mater and pia mater. It is a serous mem- 
brane, and composed uf two layers ; the external 
being confounded, in the greater part of its extent^ 
with the dura mater, and, like it, lining the inte- 
rior of the craniiun and spinal canal; the oik^F 




Aqua Ba?sam*tea arteria'lis, (F.) Eau de Binelli, 
Eau de Monteroni, A celebrated Italian haBmo- 
•tatic, inventod by one BinellL lU composition 
is unknown, bat its virtues have been ascribed to 
oreasote ; al though there is reason for believing 
it to possess no more activity than cold water. 

Aqua BROCCiiiK'nlii, Aequa Brocchieri, Broc- 
chieri water, (F.) Eau de Brocekierif Eau ttyp- 
tique de Brocchieri, A supposed styptic, which 
made much noise at Paris at one time. It is de- 
void of efficacy. Dr. Paris found nothing in it 
but water perfumed by some vegetable essence. 

Aqua Borvonensis, Bourbonne-les-Bsdns, mi- 
neral waters of — a. Bristoliensis, Bristol water — 
a. Calearia) ustas. Liquor calois — a. Calcis, Liquor 
calcis — a. Calcis composita. Liquor calcis compo- 
situs — a. Camphorse, Mistura camphorsB — a. 
Camphorata, Bates's, see Gupri sulphas — a. Car- 
bonatis sodso acidula. Acidulous water, simple — 
a. Catapultamm, Arquehuaade, eau cf — a. Chlo- 
rini, see Chlorine. 

Aqua Cinxaxo'vi, Cinnamfm Water. Distilled 
water of Cinnamon Bark. Prepared also in the 
following manner. 01. Cinnam. i^w, Magnet. 
Carhon. 3J ; Aq. deetiUat. Oij. Rub the oil and 
carbonate of magnesia ; add the water gradually, 
and filter. (Ph. U. 8.) 

Aqua Cinitamoxi Fortis, Spiritus Cinnamomi 
>-a. Colcestrensis, Colchester, mineral waters of. 

Aqua Colora'ta, ' coloured water.' A name 
^ven to a prescription in which simple coloured 
water is contained. Used in hospital cases, more 
especially, where a placebo is demanded. 

Aqua Cupri Amxoniata, Liquor c a. — a. Ca- 
pri vitriolati composita^ Liquor cupri sulphatis 
eomposita — a. inter Cutem, Anasarca — a. Destil- 
lata, Water, distilled — a. Florum aurantii, see 
Citnis aurantium — a. Fluviatilis, Water, river. 

Aqua F(ENIc'uli, Fennel water. The distilled 
water of fennel seed. It may be prepared aUo 
like the aqua cinnamomL 

Aqua Font an a, Water, spring — a. Fortis, Nir 
trio acid — a. Hepatica, Hydrosulphuretted water 
— a. Unrdeata, Decoctum hordei — a. Imbrium, 
Water, rain — a. Intercus, Anasarca — a. Inter 
Cutem, Anasarca — a. Juniperi composita, Spiritus 
Juniperi compositus — a. Kali, Liquor potasssB 
tfubcarbonatis — a. Kali caustici, Liquor potassse 
— a. Kali praeparati, Liquor potassse subcarbon- 
atis — a. Kali pari. Liquor potassse — a. Kali snb- 
carbonatis. Liquor potassse subcarbonatis — a. La- 
byrinthi, Cotunnius, liquor of — a. Lactis, Serum 
lactis — a. ex Lacu, Water, lake — a. Lithargyri 
acetati composita, Liquor plumbi subacetatis di- 
lutus — a. Luci», Spiritus ammonisB succinatos — 
A. Marina, Water, sea — a. Medicata, Water, mi- 

Aqua Menthjc Pn»ERi'TJE, Peppermint Water, 
The dii<tillcd water of peppermint It may be 
prepared like the aqua cinnamomi. 

Aqua MsNTHiB Piperitidis Spirituoba, Spi- 
ritus menthsB piperitsB — a. MenthsB viridis, Spear- 
mint water; see AquoB menthsD piperit«e — a. Men- 
thse vulgaris spirituosa, Spiritus monthsD viridis — 
— a. Mincralis, Water, mineral — a. Mirabilis, Spi- 
ritus pimentSB — a. Malsa, Hydromeli — a. Natri 
Oxmyuriatici, Liquor sodsD chlorinatse — a. Nea- 
politana, Naples wat«r, (factltiotts) — a. Nephrit- 
loa, Spiritus myristica. 

Aqua Nitrooen'u Protox'tdi, ProUw'ide 
of Ni'trogen Water, Aqua azofica oxygena'tHf 
SearW* patent oxtfg"enoue aUrated water, A pa- 
tbnt solution of protoxide of nitrogen, said to 
contain five times its own bulk of gas. It has 
been recommended as a nervine, and excitant in 
nervous conditions, dyspepsia, Ac. It has also 
been used in cholera, and to counteract the evil 
fonieqaenoei of dzimkeniiess. The doie is f Jvj, 

or^viii, two or three times a day; or, in 47** 
pepsia, as a beverage between meals. 

Aqua Niyata, Water, snow — a. Nuds moaebft- 
t89, Spiritus myristicsB — a. Ophthalmica, Uqaor 
sinci sulphatis cum camphori — a. Paludota, 
Water, marsh — a. Pedum, Urine — a. Pericardii, 
see Pericardium — a. Picea, see Pinus sylvestria 
— a. Piois, see Pinus sylvestris — a. PlnvialiSy 
Water, rain — a. Potassaa, Liquor potassse — a. 
Pulegii spirituosa, Spiritus pulegii — a. Putealiiy 
Water, well— a. ex Putoo, Water, well— a. Rabelli^ 
Elixir acidam Halleri — a. Baphani composita, 
Spiritus armoracisB compositus — a. Regia, Nitro- 
muriatic acid. 

Aqua ILobm, Bote Water, Bhodoatag't 
{Bos, centi/oL Ibvi^ : Aqua cong. y. M. DistU 
gallon— Ph. U. 8.) 

Aqua Salubris, Water, mineral — a. Bapphft- 
rina, Liquor cupri ammoniata — a. Satami, Li- 
quor plumbi subacetatis dilutus — a. Sdopetaria, 
Arquebueade eau d' — a. Seminum aoisi c<Hnp<^ 
sitl^ Spiritus anisi — a. Seminum carai foitia, 
Spiritus carui — a. Sodso efiervescens, Acidnloiu 
water, simple — a. Soteria, Water, mineral — a. 
Stygia, Nitro-muriatio acid — a. Styptica, Liquor 
cupri sulphatis comx>osita — a. Sulphurata nm- 
plex, IlydroBulpharetted water — a. Sulphnreti 
ammonisB, Liquor fumans Boylii — a. ThediaaSy 
Arqucbueade eau (T — a. Theriacalis Betoardiea, 
Chylostagma diaphoreticum Hindereri — a. To- 
fana, Liquor arsenicalis — a. Tosti panis, Toast 
water — a. Traumatica Thedenii, Arquebutade eau 
<f — a. Vegeto-mineralis, Liquor plumbi aabaee- 
tatis dilutus — a. Viciensis, Vichy water — a. Vi- 
triolica camphorata. Liquor sinoi sulphatis onm 
camphorft — a. Vitriolica csorulea, Solatio lalpha- 
tis cupri composita — a. Vulneraria, Arqueb m a d m 
COM d* — a. Zinci vitriolati cum camphor^ Liqaor 
xinci sulphatis cum camphorft. 

AQU^ ACIDUL^, Acidulons waters — a. 
Badiguas, Bath, Mineral waters of — a. Bad!s«, 
Bath, Mineral waters of — a. Bathonise, BaUiy 
Mineral waters of — ^a. Buxtonienses, Buxton, Mi- 
neral waters of — a. Cantuarienses, Canterbaiy, 
waters of— a. Chalybcatse, Waters, mineral, ohiU 

AqvjB Destilla't^, DittiUed Water; Hydro- 
la* to, (F.) Hydrolate, These are made by pat- 
ting vegetable substances, as roses, mint, penny- 
royal, &.G,f into a still with water, and drawing 
off as much as is found to possess the aromatic 
properties of the plant To every gallon of the 
distilled water, 5 oz. of spirit should be added to 
preserve it. The eimple dietilUd xoatere are some- 
times called Aqu4B ettllatWies tim'plicea: the spi- 
rituout, Aqv<B 9tUlatit"im epirituo'aa, but more 
commonly Spir'ttua. 

AqujE Martiales, Waters, mineral, chalybe- 
ate — a. Metus, Hydrophobia — a. Mincrales ari- 
dulsB, Waters, mineral, gaseous — a. Mineralee 
ferruginossD, Waters, mineral, chalybeate— a. Ml- 
nerales sulphureae. Waters, mineral, sulphureoaa 
— a. StillatitisB, AqusB dostillatso — a. Soils, Bath, 
mineral waters of. 

AQU^DUC'TUS, Aq^ueduetf from oowa 'wa- 
ter,' and ducere, ductum, * to lead.' (F.) Aqm^- 
due. Properly, a canal for conducting water 
from one place to another. Anatomists have 
used it to designate certain canals. 

Aqujeductus Cerebri, Inftindibalam of the 
brain — a. Cotunnii, Aqusadnctus vestibulL 

AQUiEDUc'TUB Cooh'le^, (F.) Aqwiduc du Xi- 
ma^on; — a very narrow canal, which proceeds 
from the tympanic scala of the cochlea to the 
posterior edge of the pare petroea. 

Aqujeduc'tus Fallo'pii, Canal epirold^ <ie 
Tos temporal of Chaussier, (F.) Aqueauc de FiiU 
lope, A canal in the pars petroaa of the tempo* 




nd bonc^ wUch extends from the meatas aadito- 
riu iniemoe to the foramen stylo-mastoideum, 
and giTes passage to the &cial nerve. The 
o]>ening into this aqueduct is called H\a'tu9 Fal- 

Aqu.vduc'tvs Stl'th, Oana'K* eminen'tim 
qu€uirig€m'in<g, (F.) Aqueduc <U Sylviutf Iter ad 
quartum rentric'ulum, Vana'lU nu'diM, Oanal in- 
tenmldiare dtt vemiricHlet of Chaussier. A oanal 
forming a oommunication between the third and 
fonrUi rentricles of the brain. 

Aqujeduc'tub YESTiB'nLiy Aqu€Bduehu Ootun'- 
niif Oanal of Cotun'nius, (F.) Aquedue du ifettibiUe 
ova Aqmedue de Ootugno. This begins in the res- 
tibule, near the common orifice of the two semi- 
circular canals, and opens at the posterior surface 
of the pan petro^a^ 

AQUALIC'ULUS, from aqutdxBf 'a water-pot.' 
That part of the abdomen which extends from 
the umbilicus to the pubes. See Hypogastrium. 
It has also been applied to the stomach or intes« 
tinal canaL 

AQUAS'TEB. A word used, bj Paracelsus, 
to express the visions or hallucinations of p&- 

A Q UED UC, Aqueduct — o. de (?of m^o— Aquae- 
dnctns reatibuli — a. de Fallope, Aqu»ductu8 Fal- 
lopii — o. du Limagon, Aqu»ductU8 cochlear — a. 
de Sylriutr Aqu£ednctus Sylvii — a. du VettibuUf 
Aqosrductus restibnlL 

AQUEDUCT, Aqua>ductu8. 

A'QUEOUS, A'qutM, Aqut/tfu, Hydato'de; 
Hydro* dt«f from aqua, 'water/ (F.) AqueuXy 
Watery. The absorbents or lymphatics are 
sometimes called, in France, Oonduitt ou Ca- 
naux aquenx. 

Aqueous Httmour of the Etb, Rumor aqvo'- 
SIM, Albugin*eoua Atimoitr, 0'6eVde», Oo^det, Hy- 
daiiU'dee, Jfydato'detf Ova'tuB scu Ovi/or'mfi 
Avaor, (F.) Humeur aqueute. The limpid fluid 
which fills the two chambers of the eye, from the 
cornea to the crystalline, and which is, conse- 
quently » in contact with Uie two surfaces of the 
iris. Quantity, 5 or 6 grains : s. g. 1.0003. It 
contains albumen, chloride of sodium, and phos- 
phate of lime in small quantity; and is enveloped 
in a fine membrane : — ike membrane of the aqueoue 
humour, Tunica propria seu Vagi'na humo'rui 
of quel seu Membra' na Demuria'na seu Deece- 
met'ii. Membrane of Dcmourt or of Dewemet; al- 
though these last terms are by some appropri- 
ated to a third layer of the cornea. 

AQUEUS, Aqueous. 

AQUIDUCA, Hydragogues. 

AQUIFOLIUM, Ilex aquifolinm— a. Foliis 
deciduis, Prinos. 

AQUILA, Uydrargyri submurios, Sulphur. 

The alchymists used this word for sublimed 
sal ammoniac, precipitated mercury, arsenic, sul- 
phur, and the philosopher's stone. Bee Hydrar- 
gyri Submurias, and Sulphur. 

Aq'uila Ccelbst'ib ; a sort of panacea, of which 
mercury was a constibient. 

Aq'uila LACH'RYMiB ; a liquor prepared from 
several ingredients, especially from ealomel. 

Aq'utla Philosopho'ruv. The alchymists, 
whose terms were always mysterious, called mer- 
cury thus, when reduced to its original form. 

Aq'cila Vev'eris; an ancient preparation, 
made by subliming verdigris and sal ammoniac. 

AQUILifi VENiB, Temporal veins. 

AQUILE'QIA, A. vuiga'riM, A. eulvet^trit sen 
Alpi^na, Common Colombine or Columbinej (F.) 
AMealie, The seeds, herb, and flowers were for- 
merly used in jaundice and cutaneous diseases. 
They are still retained in many of the Pharmsr- 
•opceias of continental Burope. 

Aquilboia AitTiHA, Aquflegii 

indigenous, and flowers in April and June. The 
seeds are said to be tonic. 

Aquileoia Sylvestris, Aquilegia — a. Yul* 
garis, Aquilegia. 

AQUO-CAPSULITIS, Aquo-mcmbranitis. 

AQUO-MEMBRANFTIS, Keratohi'h\ Aquo* 
eapeulVtie, Inflammation of the anterior cham- 
ber of the eye. A badly compounded Icnn, de- 
noting inflammation of the capsule or membrane 
of the aqueous humour. 

AQUULA, Ceratocele, Hydatid, Ilydroa — a. 
Acustioa, Cotunnius, liquor of. 

Aquula seu Aqua Moroagnii. The minute 
portion of water which escapes when nn opening 
is made into the capsule of the crystalline. 

ARA PARVA, a small altar; — a kind of band- 
age invented by Bostratus, which represents the 
comers of an altar. — Galen. 

AR'ABE ; a wound, a blow. — Erotian. 

a&tc Hepatic An'tidote, A powder composed of 
myrrh, costus, white pepper, Ac. It was admi- 
nistered in new wine, 

ARAB'ICUS LAPIS. A sort of white marble, 
analogous to alabaster, found in Arabia. It was 
regarded as absorbent and desiccative, and wal 
emj>loyed in hemorrhoids. 

ARABIS BARBAREA, Erysimum barbsrea. 

AR'ABIS MALAG'MA. An antiscrofulou. 
medicine, composed of myrrh, olibanum, wax 
sal ammoniac, iron pyrites, Ac. — Celsus. 

bians kept the torch of medical science illumi- 
nated during a dark period of the middle ages. 
Before the year of the Hegira, thoy hod schools 
of medicine; but these were most flourishing 
during the 10th, 11th, and 12th centuries. The 
chief additions made by them to medical science 
were in the departments of pharmacy and in the 
description of diseases. Their principal writers 
were Avicenna, Serapion, Averrhoes, Hali Abbas, 
Moses Maimonides, Avenzoor, Rhazes, Albuca- 
sis. Ac. 

ARACACHA, Conium moschatum. 

ARACHI8 AFRICANA, A. hypogea^-a. Ame- 
ricana, A. Hypogeo. 

Ar'achis Htpoge'a, a. Americn'nOf A, Afri* 
cn'na, Arachni'da hypogea, Ground nutf Pea nut. 
Earth almond^ (S.) Mane; erroneously called 
Pietaehio nuty in the South; Pindarg of the West 
Indies. Cultivated in the Southern States. The 
seeds are oily, and are eaten. A kind of inferior 
chocolate may be made of them. 

AR ACH'NE, apaxvi, * » spider,' ' a cobweb.* 
Hence — 

ARACHNIDA HYP06EA, Arachis hypogea. 

ARACHNITIS, Arachnoidi'titi, Arot^norfct'. 
<t», Inflammation of the Arachnoid, A variety 
of phrenitis. 


ARACHNOID CANAL, see Canal, arachnoid. 

Arachitoid or the Eye. The lining mem- 
brane of a cavity, supposed by some to exist be- 
tween the sclerotic and choroid. 

Arach'itoid Membraicr, Meninx Me'dia, 
Araehnoldeite, Araehno'detf from apa;|^v>7, * a cob- 
web,* and ttooSf 'form, resemblance;' 7*ii'i»tcfi 
ara'nea, Araehno'dee, T. crystal' Una, Sfenin'' 
gion. A name given to several membranes, 
which, by their extreme thinness, resscmble spi- 
der-webs. — Celsus and Galen called thus Uie 
membrane of the vitreous humour, — the tunica 
hyaloidea. The modems use it now for one of 
the membranes of the brain, situate between Uie 
dura mater and pia mater. It is a serous mem- 
brane, and composed of two layers ; the external 
being confounded, in the greater part of its extenli 
with the dun mater, and, like it, Uning l\i« Vnl^ 

AQuiLBOiA AitTiHA, AqviiMia. / witD the dura mater, and, Uke it, iimng lTi« m^^ 

Aqvjleola Camadxsum, WiU (hiiimhinf, islrior of the cranium and spinal caix&l*, Ui^ oUitr 

bdtng txtm-led oier Iba brmin, ft-su 



iwnelmling into tho interior of the brain hj u> 
opening M iu pottnior pare nader the oorpaa 
callofliun. ItfonnniipDnaf tbe in Telling abeuth 
ot tim noTicB. u thef pui frooi the cDeaphiilio 

tUU bsBt nilBptfld for tlie prapir perl 


AHACK', ^n-not,- (EMtlndiin.) A tpirlla- 
OUB Ut^uoT Dude in Indlft in-riuionii vhjbi often 
frQiD ri<w, »melim« from rugiur fonnentfid along 
with the jiiioa of th« ddcob nnt ; ft-cqnonll}' frum 
twldy, the juice nhii-h flo*i from tbe coook-diiI 
Ireo liy incision, aud ham olixtr anbitsncei. It 



(, Wucn 

! spin 

A!tACn|;i'HI.NI. Iwe* »r»coni:hini. 
AK'AIfOS, from apaiiu, 'I ma tnrbnlBnt.' 

eraU*- X^ovriBB, tht motion prodnced b; c^- 

AR^OHA. Int(ir!<tir:«. 

ARAiOMBTRH. ArvoiDetBr. 

AaJiOT'ICA.&nusp.i.H, -I rarefy.' Medi- 
oines Boppused (o have tbe qnalit; of rarefyiDg 
tb« hatnonri. Bee RarBrnoienB. 

AKAEI, >eo Spirit 

ARALIA CANAbBKSIS, Pmiu quinqnefo. 

Abx'lu His'pida, Dtear/ Elder, ii lald ti> be 
diuelie, and ba* tieen rMammeoded, in deooe- 
tion, in dropBjr. 

Au'lia NirnicAc'i.ili, Xardut Amtrlta'tnui, 

Small Splkemird, Wild L<'l'wn,-l, Sfi.b.1 roo(, 
J^Ih Safajtarirh, {F.) Pelil niml. TbieAme- 
ricao plant la mid to be a mild etlmoluit tied 
diaptauretio, and bu been reroniniended a> a aub- 
etIWteforwraaparilla. It i> need, aleo aaalonlo. 
Il ia in the fcoondary liat of the PharmocapiEia 
of the United States. 

' ' 1 SpllitMBrJ, 

d States. 


hw the Bame propertiaa aa A. Hndieaalii. 

Ana'Lij " ' 

are not elear. Tbe berrien, and a lincHire of 
them, liaT* been eDplnjed, it ia eud, iDeneafiillj' 
In loolkach. A Bpiiituuiu IdTdudu hu alio been 

ARANEA, Arantio Tela — a. Tarenloia, «e 

ARA'NR.S TELA, .Xra'neo, Arn'i 
ICBt, (F.) Toll-, d-Ara!gnf„. Former!) 
M much emplajHl, and luppo 

ARARA, MjTabalaniu 
ARASCON, Nymphomania, galjriuil. 
ARATHnSf, Vomer. 
ARBOR BENIVI, Benjumin— a. Indii , " _ 
oa nuBia— a. Marig, Coral— a. Thurifaa — Juni. 
peroa L;cia — a. Uteri Yiiificans, Palnim ntoti 

Anno'll VlTJB, (F,) Arlr, d. til. 
giTBO lu an lulHiresGeDt appcaraoao, ob 
enltingthe oerebellnm loagitodinall;; i 
lesulU) frniB the putieiUor arraogement of tlia 
vhita flobnaaee with the dneriliuuf. Altu, tba 
Thuya oeei dec talis. 

Ahsob ViT* PTnanraa, Palmte nleri pllc»l«, 

Arioh Vit« or THi Uterub, Palmio uHai 

AR'UDREB. A morbid alteration of th 
which precodoF iu ulceration. Rulond. 

ARBOUSIER, Arbntna nuedo. 

ARBRE DE VIE, Arbor Vit«. 

BI8, Hjperioo 

ARBtJTUS, A, Tinedo— a. TraJUnff, A. Vim 
nru. E[Hj^a repeni. 

Aa'BUrca UvA Ub»i, ArOoHapVylnt 
uTii, Mnira'nia uva unL Ao(. Urii. Erieea. 
Sv. SfM. Seeandiia Men ~ ' ~ 

ro'feou Aoina (fOan. TheleuTet-^f'm Ti^ 
Pb. U. 6. }— of thla plant are lonlo and a«triDgen% 
and bare been employed, obiellT, in diieaac- -* 
the uriBsry nrgesa. Boae of the powder I 
gr. IV. in gH. Tbe EngliiJi names are Tra, 
Ar'buKui, Btat'i Wh-wtUhtrry or Btarb, 
ifuHNlnt'ih&o2, Btdhtrry, Ujiland CrtKharrji, 
Faeherry, Oitektrhirry. 

An'KUTUB XJnt'Da.Ar'bulvi.ATidntk'nt, Taa*. 
rfo, tJM'do pnpyra'eta, ,i>,mfQi, (F.) Jridiwwr. 
A deeuotioa of the leaiea ia astringent, and bM 
been need in diarrhoea. 

ARC, Anil, Ara.: Ad; part of the body w 
lembUng as areh in form ; ai the Arrl^ u/ tint 
ri.Um, (F.) Arc du tmltni, — the tranarerae portion 
of Ilittl inleMine :— Arc* of He Aurta, Arni 
Is. (F.] t'n>tHrf<ir.4aRc,Ac., the tarn whi 
aorbi takes in the thorax. 

ARCA ARCASORtlMiHydrargynim- 
di>, Ferieirdlum. 

tomolic— n. Vntrfite, Cmral arch — a. InyvivUf 

pUed to U 
•gain ir ' 


euiftUy when ap- 
Ithae been reoenUy n«ed 
nta. The fpidor itself, .of- 
and applied lo the Ibrchead 
1 by Diuacorides to prevent 
1 mochanlcal alyplie, and ia 

Ibe urine when loaded with Sla 


■rm apptiec 
enU, lijie < 

a. PaUaIr,,. Pi^mar arcbea. 


ARCf US or ARCffi'HS. BALSAM OF, (P.) 

Bnumed'Arta^, A kind of Boa ointment tuai 
in aoroB, oontnaionB, »o. It ia made by mtltinc 
two parti of mutton BBBt, one part of hoc'B lard! 
torpentlue and roain, eaeh one part and a half: 
BtniiDiDg and anitating till oold. 

AHCANSON, Colophonia. 

ARCA'HUU, from m-co, 'a ehesL' A tocrat 
.■».lr,» a,«cj or«,p,V,™[ «,rf',«,„ if3 
Arca<ir. A remedy whose eomposllion la kept 
Betret; bat whioh la reputed to possess gro4t. 

Arcajiith CoBiLLiJiitii, Hydrargyri iiitrio». 
Dxydum — a. Duplicatoni, PotaatB snlpliai — ~ 
I Tartarl, Folanv acetne. 

ARCEAU, Arenlua, Cradle. 
AfiCEUTBOS, Jnnipcm eonmimla. 


wtoiiqut, it th« nnioD of twa rettela, which auM- I 
lomoH ij dMcribing ■ currsd lins. Tba reuslj 
«f Ihe msMOterj uimilomoH ia thii muuier. 

Aaca OP ni Aobti, hs Aarla — ft. Crural, aec 
Cnml *ich — k Famonl, aes Cniiai srch — »■ 
Olu(»I, tet aiuta&l apoDguiosia — a. UiemiU, tee , 
II«nal *itb — L InpiiDal, hs Crunl vch — ft. Or- 
bitftl, Ma QrbtUi arch— a. of the Polste, we P»UM 

Ue, H« SobpnUc ftieh—a. Buperciliarjr, He Supar- 
cilUrjfticbea — ft.ZTKoinati(i,HBZ;gomBUo ftreb. 

Akciis or THK PiL*™. Theie are two in 
nnniber an «Kh (idc of the tbroat, oa« of whloli 
ij tarmed amlirior, the othti ptMtnor. 

Tlie BMitrior arcX ariaei Bom the middle of 
the relnm pftlatl, ftt the aide of tba arulft, ftod u 
Bied to the edge of (he bsH oC the loasna. 

The fHMierior arch hu iti Dii^D, UkeHUe, fWim 
the siile of tha nToIa, uid puiea dawnwftrde to 
be intened into tha aide of the phnrjDi. Tba 
■mlerioT ueh oontaina the circumflexm palMi, 
and runui tha iilhmiu bnoiDm. The potlerior 
atch hu, wiihiD it, the leTBtor pulftti, and he- 

ARCU^'US, ArdWiUitioin a, 
m=al,' (F.) Ara^e. A word iDienlod b; Bagil 
ValamiDe, and aflarwardi adopted bj Pancelaa* 
■Dd Van Ilelmonl. Tbe lattei lued it for the 
internal piinoipla of oar motiuna and acUona. 
Thia arrhiEiu, according to Van llelmont, ia an 
inuoalerial phncipJa, exiatln^ kn tbe seed prior 
(a fecDLidation, and preaidiog over Ihe deielop. 
ment of tbe hod;, and oier all organic pbeno- 
mena. Btdidea Ihia chief arcbama, wboae aeat 
Van Qelmont placed in tbe upper ori£ce of tha 
■lamaofa. ha ftdmilled uieral of a anbordinale 
chancier, which had (o execute its ordara ; one, 
for inatance, in each organ, to preside over Ite 
fonctionf ; each of them being aobjeot lo angei, 
eaprif a, terror, and BTery hnmnn tailinfr. 

Aboat twenty miiei to the north of New Arch- 
mngel, Siika laland, on the N. W. coaat of North 
America, are nma thermal aalpbureoaa iratera, 
the temperalare of one of which ii upnardi of 
163° of Fahr. Thej ate maeb celebrated. — Sir 
Oeo. Simpann. 

ARCUANOELICA, Laminm album. 

AKcnilueucA Orpici:<iua, Angelica. 

ARCHE. fxt, Mf'ium, /■Knefy'txm, Primar'. 
dlim, OrVgo, /■ra'tio. The liral attack of a du- 

r Aaom.n0 

Archingefty ii aitnate in France, three league* 
from SL Jean d'Angcl;. The watera are priiad 
in all dJieaiea. Thej aeem to contain carbonate 
of lime, a little chloride of iodium, carbonate of 
iron, and lome bitumen. 

pleotli: make. 

ARCniTIS, Proetilie, Reetltia. 

ARCHOCELE, Proctocele. 

ARCIIOPTOMA, Procloeele. 

AKCnOPTOSia, Proctocele. 

ABCUORBIIA'UIA, from mot, 'the (una,' 
and piw, ' I doir.' ArciorrWa. Hemotiliag* 
bom the anui. 

AKCnORRIICEA, Aroboirha^ 

ARCHOS, Arena, Rectum. 

ARCIIOSTEGNOMA, Suiclore of thcReelnni, 

ARCUOSTEGKOSte, StrtcuireirftbeBecluB. 

ARCUOSTENOSIS. Strieture of the Ketlum. 

ARCUORYRINX, Fiilula in ano. 

AR'CIFORM, Arcjftr'ni., 

1 top or ridge,' 


I, Fibra 


r pyran 

gata, which take a eurretl eourea around the in- 
terior ei I remit)' of caeh corpui oli»are and aMcend 
towardj! the pcrcbellum. 

ARCTA'TIO, Ar^tiWda, from arelo, ' I maka 
nerrow;' An^^tia'tio, Voareta'lio^ Contraction^ 
(F.) K(lr(a,«Me,.l, of a natural opening or of • 
canal, and eepeeially of the (ulra, of tha orifiM 
of tbe ntenu, or of the InUatinal canal. CodbU- 
pa'iun, (tea Stegnoaii.) Rennion bj Bulure oi 
inai>ul£tiiin._5criboniiu Largna, Paul Zao- 
obiea, Ao. 

ABC'TITL'DO, Arotado. 

ARCTIUM, A. lappa— a. Bardana, A. lappa, 

ArctivH Lafpa. The root and aeed of tha 
Clil'bur, Barda'na, Araiim, A. barda'na aea 
■in/ira aea bifnur aan romeitm'nn, rUiphit, Lap* 
pa glabm, Lappa major, L. ptrtona'ta, Per*e/a'- 
fu, ytrtolla'la, PtnoWla, Bvrdmk, (F.) Bar- 
danr, GUmltnm. Aal. Ord. Compoaitee. ,S'ei». 
Sgil. SjngeneiiB tequalia. Aool diuretio: ttti 
cathartio. It baa been Daed in decoction in dl«- 

.<e9 of tbe akin and in ajpbilia. 

ABCTtim Kuvi, A. lappa — a. Minng, A. tapp* 

it, Xal. Ord. UmbeUiferm 

ABCnECPTOMA, Proctocele. 

ARCHIE, Arehana. 

ARCUELL, CANARY, Lichen roecella. 

AKCIIELOU"IA, from erxn, 'beginning,' and 
Xe^, ' a diacooree.' A treatise on fundamental 
pnnciple* : — of medidne, for example. 

ARCIIE.VOA. Apowderofthelaafeeoftha 
tijiufnirn, need bj the £i;jpliana after bathing, 
to obviile the nupleaaant odour of (he feet. — 
Proaper Atpinna. 

AKCUIA'TEB, ArcAi'a'fru, Protomed-it*; 
Prvltn'lnm, ttom tfjp, 'aatfaorit;,' and larpot, 
'phyaician.' Tbe original rlgniflcation of thia 
word if a matter of diipale. 8oma coneider, with 
Uerenrlnlii, (hat it meant pbyiician to a t^ce, 
king, emperor, Ac : othen, with C. Hoffnian, ap. 

Elj it to ererj phyaician who, by hie aitnation, 
I raiMd abore hia eoUeaguH. The farmer opi- 
nion aeems to hare prcrailed, — ArcAiain del 
Bait dt Frana beii^ applied to the chief pfajri- 



I approi 

I ampfo'yIS 

ABCTU'BA, from oreW, 'I atrrighton.' Th» 

tin^n.— See Onycbogryphoaia. 

Abctcha Usociua. The growing in or inrtr- 
■iOD of the naila. Bee Onyehogrypfaoala. 

ARCUA'TIO, Ponrara'tio. An anterior gib. 
bositj or projection of tha aternnm. 

eueil is about one lei^e south of Pari*. Tha 
water conlaini carbonic add, carbonate of lime, . 
chlonda ot aodlnm, »id aom» 

n at thit 


A colebml 

Tillage, of w 

ARCULA CORDIS, Perieardlom. 
ARCDL£. The OrbiUr Foetn: ntiiiti.— 
RufuB of EpheaoB. 
ARC'IILU8,diminntiTeofo™M,'anarch.' A 

tmtU arebj a cndla, (V.) JrMoa, Arehat. -K 




•emicirculAT box or basket used for preventing 
tbe bed-cloihes from coming in eontact with in- 
jured or diseased parts. An ordinance of the 
Grand Duke of Tuscany forbade mothers to sleep 
with an infant near them, unless it was put under 
a solid cradle. 

ARCUS MEDULLARIS, Fomix--a. Senilis, 
Oerotoxou — a. Subpubicus, Subpubic arch — a. 
Superciliaris, Superciliary arches — a. Unguium, 
see Nail — a. Zygomaticus, Zygomatic arch. 

ARDALOS, Excrement 

ARDAS, Excrement 

ARDENT, Arden», from ardert, 'to bum.' 

Ardbxt Feybr, (F.) Fiivrt ardente. The 
CbiMiM, Synochaj or inflammatory fever. 

Ardent or Inflamed Eybs, (F.) FeiuB orclens. 
The eyes are so called when injected red. 

Ardent Urine, (F.) (/Wne ard€tU€. Urine of 
% deep red. 

ARDESIA HIBERNICA, Hibemieus lapis. 

ARDEUE, Ardor — a. du Octur^ Cardiolgia — 
o. d'Ettomae, Ardor ventriculi. Pyrosis — a. de 
la Fiivre, Ardor Febrilis — a. iiP Urine, Ardor 

AR'DOR, (F.) Ardeur. Heat A feeling of 
burning, of violent heat; JS§Uu, JEttua'Uo, Oau- 

Ardor Febri'lis, (F.) Ardenr de la Fi^vre, 
The hot period of fever. 

Ardor Stomachi, Pyrosis. 

Ardor URi'NiB, (F.) Ardeur d^ Urine, A scold- 
ing sensation occasioned by the urine in passing 
over the inflamed mucous membrane of the ure- 
thra, or over the neck of the bladder. 

Ardor Venerbds, Heat 

Ardor Ventric'uli, EbuHit"io Stom'aeki, (Jf,) 
Ardeur d'Eetomac Heartburn. See Cardialgia 
and Pyrosis. 

A' RE A, *a void place,' 'an open surface.' A 
Latin word used by some authors to designate a 
Tariety of Alopecia, in which the hair changes 
colour, but does not fall off; also, Porrigo de- 

Area Gervinativa, Taehe embrytmnaire. 

Area Pellu'cida. An elliptical depression in 
the ovum, filled with a pellucid fluid, in the cen- 
tre of which is the germ. 
/ Area Vasculo'sa, see Circulus venosus. 

ARE'CA. The fruit^Are'ca nut. Betel nut-^t 
Are'ea CfU'eehu, A, Fau/el, Caun'ga; Nat, Ord. 
Palmea; Sex, Syet, Moncecia Monadelphia; (F.) 
AreCf is astringent Mid tonic, and enters into the 
composition of the Betel, the great masticatory 
of the Orientals. 

Areca Catechu, see Areea. 

Areca Faupbl, see Areca. 

AREFAC'TION, Are/ac'tio, Xeran'eie, (fipavnt, 
horn are/aeere, * to miUce dry,' (arcre, * to dry,' 
and faeere, * to make.') The process of drying 
•ubstanccs, prior to pulverization. 

ARENA, see Gravel. 

ARENAMEN, Bole Armenian. 

ARENA'TIO, Okoeie, Sand or 
from arena, 'sand;' Saburra'tio. 
lion of hot sand to the body. Pedilu-tia of sand 
were formerly used in Ascites 

ARENO'SA Uai'NA, Sandy Urine, Urine 
when it deponts a sandy sediment 

AREN(ySUS, Sabulous. Also, on* who passes 
•andy urine. 

ARENULA, see GraveL 

ARE'OLA. A diminuave of Area, (F.) AtVe. 
Anatomists understand by AreoUs, the inter- 
stices between the fibres composing organs; or 
those existing between lanunsd, or between ves- 
sels which interlace with each othee. 

Areola is, also, applied to the coloured circle 
ilo^o^ i/a/os, wliifih BUToaiids the nin^'le^ Jjv'- 

Earik Batk; 
The applioa- 

ola papilla'rie, and which becomes mu<)h darker 
during pregnancy ; as well as to the circle sur- 
rounding certain vesicles, pustules, Ac., as the 
pustules of the small-pox, the vaccine vesicle, 
Ac, Chaussier, in such cases, recommends the 
word Aure'oloy (F.) Awr^o^. 

Areola Papillaris, see Areola. 

Areola, Tubercles of the, see Mamma. 

ARE'OLAR, Areda'rie. Appertaining to aa 

Areolar Exhalations are those recremcn- 
titial secretions, which are eff'ected within tbe 
organs of sense, or in parenchymatous struc- 
tures, — as the aqueous, crystalline and vitreona 
humours, Ac. 

Areolar Tissue, Cellular Tissue. 

AREOM'ETER, Arasom'eter, Orarim'eter, Al- 
coblom'eter, Aeroetat^ic Balance, from apaiof, 
' light,' and /icrpov, * measure :' i e. ' meaeure of 
lightneee.* An instrument, so called, because 
first employed to take the specific gravity of 
fluids lighter than water. The Areometer of Ban- 
mi, which is the most used in Pharmacy, particu- 
larly in France, consists of a tube of glass, largely 
expanded towards its inferior extremity, and ter- 
minating, below, by a small ball, containing mer- 
cury or load, which serves it as a balance, so that 
it may remain upright in the fluid. This tube is 
furnished with a j^aduated scale. If the fluid 
into which the Areometer is plunged be heavier 
than water, tbe instrument rises : if lighter, it 
sinks. There are various Areometers, as those 
of the Dutch, of Fahrenheit, Nicholson, Ac The 
Areometer is also called Hydrom'eter, (F.) Ar#- 
om^fre, Piee-liqueur, 

There are some hydrometers which have a gene- 
ral application for determining the specific gra- 
vities of liquids, — as Fahrenheit's, Nicholson'i^ 
Guyton de Morvesn's, and tbe common jliwn hy 
drometcrs, including Baum6's, Cartier's, Twad- 
die's, Zanetti's, and the specific gravity beads; 
others intended for special application, — as for 
estimating the comparative strength of spirits; 
the comparative densities of syrups, oils, Ac,— 
as Guy Lussac's, Sikes's and Dicaf s hydrometers, 
and the saccharometer, urinometer, and elsBometer* 

SCALE or BAUVi's areometer with COBXSo 

1. Atcending Scale for ligkt Uquide, 

Scale of 











81!) > 







915 I 





Pure hydrocyanic acid.— 0«y Lm$ 

Very pure sulphuric ether. 
The same concentrated. 

Equal parts of alcohol and ether. 
Very pure alcohol for phauiaceuti 

cal purpones. 
Pure olcnhol. Nsphthn. 
Alcohol ol commerce. 
Essential oil of turpentine. 

Hydrocyanic arid of Scheele and 
pure hydrocyanic acid, mixed 
with an equal portion of water. 

Acetic ether. 

Nitric ether. 
Muriatic ether. 
Liquid ammonia. 
Olive oil. 


Burgundy wine. 

Bordeaux wine. 
Distilled water. 




1» PmettudiMff ScaU for h^avy liquid§» 












1000 i 



1091 ) 









Common distilled wainr. 
Oiatilled vincfmr. 
Common rintgur. 
Cow't milk. 

OonoMUrmtad acetk add. 

Liquid hydrochloric add. 

Boiliof syrup. 
CoM tynip. 
Ck>mmon nitric add. 

Ooneantraied nitric acid. 

Phoapboric add for medical oae. 

Very coneentrated aalpharic acid. 

ABES. A term invented by Paraoelana to de- 
B^ate the principle on which depends the form 
of mercury, ralphur, and salt. These the alehy- 
miata reigarded as the three bodies that give bizth 
to every other. 

AR'ETB, mftrt, 'yirtne.' Mental or corporeal 
vigour. — Hippocrates. 

ABETHU'SA, A. bulbo'w; indigenous. Order, 
Orehidacea. The bruised bulbs are used in 
loothAch ; and as cataplasms to tumours. 

A'EEUS. A pessary mentioned by Panlna of 

ARGEL, Cynanehum olesBfollum. 

AB'GEMA, Ar'gemou, Ar'gemm, from fytt 
'white.' Fotfwmla^ (F.) Eneafmre. A white spot 
or T:!??raticn cf the c jc. — Hippocrates. See Leu- 

Prieldy Poppf, Yellow Thitle, A native of 
Uezieo, but naturalised in most parts of the 
world. JfaL Ord. PiqiaveracesB. Sex, Syet, Po« 
lyandria Monogynia. The juioe resembles gam- 
boge, and has been used as a hydragogne. The 
0ewls are employed in the West Indies as a anb- 
stitnte for ipeeacoanha. They are also used as 
* cathartie. 

chalybeate ntuate at Argenson in Danphiny: 
used in cases of obstruction, jaundice, Ac 

ABOENT, Argentum— «. Cklorure (f , see Ar- 
gentnm — a. Cyanure cP, see Argentum — a. et 
d'Ammomiaque, chlomre (T, see Argentum — a. 
Jodmre ^, see Argentum — a. Oxide d^, see Ar- 

ARGBNTERIA, PotentiUa anserina. 

ARGBNTI CHLORIDUM, see Argentum— ft. 
at Ammonise ehloridnm, tee Argentum — a. et 
AmmonisB chloraretum, see Argentum — a. Cya- 
niduB, see Argentum <— a. Cyanuretum, see Ar- 
gentum — a. lodidnm, see Argentum — a. lodnre- 
tam, see Argentum. 

Absbv'ti NmAS, Argen'tnm mtra'tum, Sal 
argen'ti, Argentum Ni^rienm, (F.) Nitmte d^Ar- 
fent, AmoUmU dT Argent, Nitrate of Silver. This 
preparaUon is sometimes kept in crystals, the 
Ifitrae Argen'ti in erwetoFloe conere'tue. Nitrate 
4^ Argent eryetalliei of the Codex of Paris, Luna 
pota^iUe, CrgetalU Lwnm, ArgenUum nit'rieum 
eryetaUiea'tum, Nitrae argenti or^etaimnue, Ni- 
trm Imna'ri, Hgdrag&gwm Boy'lbi. Gener^y, 
however, it is in the fused state : and it ia this 
which is admitted into most Pharmacopoeias, and 
nhieh, beaides the name Nitrae Argenti, is nlled 
iff Cros afipMi'tft futm»f OtmifHemm luna*r%, Lapie 

in/ema'lie, Araen'tum nit'rieum /uatnn, and luntlf 
eauetie, (F.) Nitrate d^ argent fondu, Pierre in» 

In the Fharmaoopceia of the United States, it 
is directed to be prepared as follows : — Take of 
eUver, in small pieces, Ij. ; «»(rio aeid, f J^v^.y 
distilled water, f^y. Mix the add with the 
water, and dissolve the silver in the mixture in 
a sand bath ; then crystallize, or gradually in- 
crease the heat, so that the resulting salt may be 
dried. Melt this in a crucible over a gentle fire, 
and continue the heat until ebullition ceases; 
then immediately pour it into suitable moulds. 

The virtue* of nitrate of silver are tonic, and 
escharotic It is given in chorea, epilepsy, Ac, ; 
locally, it is used in various cases as an escharotic. 
Dose, gr. 1-8 to gr. 1-4 in pill, three times a day. 

When silver is combined with iodine, it is said 
to have the same efieot as the nitrate, and not to 
produce the slate colour of the surface, which ia 
apt to follow the protracted use of the latter. 

Arqknti Oxidum, see Argentum. 


AR'GENTINE, Argento'eue, same etymon as 
the next. Pertaining to silver; as an * argentine 
solution,' or solution of a salt of silver. 

Argvntive^ PotentiUa anserina. 

ARGEN'TUM, Ar'ggrue, from apyof, 'white,' 
Silver, Luna, Dia'na, (F.) Argent, A solid metal 
of a shining white appearance ; insipid ; inodor- 
ous; highly sonorous; malleable and ductile; 
somewhat hard ; crystallisable in Uiangular py- 
ramids; fusible a UtUe above a red heat, and 
volatizable; s. g. 10.4. Not used in medicine, 
unless in some ^aees for silvering pills. Silver 
LxAT, Argen'tumfolia'tumf is the state in which 
it is used for this purpose. 

AROXHTVif Divi'suM, metaUie ether, in very 
fine powder, has been recommended internally in 

The Chloribb (Argen'ti eklo'ridum, Argen'^ 
tum muriat'ieum. A, chlora'tum, A. tali 'turn, 
Chlorure'tum Argen'ti, Ohlor'uret or Mu'riate of 
Silver, (F.) Cklorure d* Argent;) the Ctahuret; 
the Iodide {Argen'ti lo'didum, Argen'tum loda'^ 
turn, lodure'tum Argen'ti, lod'uret of Silver, (F.) 
lodure d^ Argent;) the Oxide {Argen'ti ox'idumf 
Argen'tum oxyda'tum, (F.) Oxide d' Argent, and 
the Chloridb of Amvokia and Silver {Argen'ti 
et Amnu/niiB ehlo'ridum, Argen'tum muriaPieum 
ammonia'tum, Ohlorure'tum Argen'ti et Ammo'^ 
nia, Chlo'ruret of Silver and Ammonia, Ammo- 
nio-ckloride of Silver, (F.) Cklorure d* Argent et 
d^Ammoniaque, have been used in syphilis. At . 
first, these different preparations were adminis- 
tered iatraleptic«lly on the gums ; the chloride, 
the cyanide and the iodide in the dose of l-12th 
of a grain ; tibe chloride of silver and ammonia 
in the dose of l-14th of a grain, and the oxide of 
silver and divided silver in the dose of l-8th and 
l-4tii of a grain. M. Serre, of Montpellier, who 
made many trials with them, aoon found that 
these doses were too small ; he therefore raised 
that of the chloride to l-lOth, and of the iodide 
to l-8ih of a grain, without any inconvenience 
resulting. The dose of the other preparations was 
likewise increased in a similar ratio. M. Serre 
extols the preparations of silver — ^used internally 
as well as iatraleptically— as antisyphilitics, but 
they are not to be depended upon. 

The Oganuret or Cyanide of Silver, Argen'ti 
Oganure'tum, A. Ogan'idum, Argen'tum cuanoge-' 
na'tmUf (F.) Oganure d* argent, is thus directed 
to be prepsired in the Ph. U. 8. ri842.) Argent, 
Nit, ^XT, Aeid Hgdroegan,, Aq, deetillat, U OJ. 
■Having dissolved the nitrate of silver in the 
1 water^ add the hydroeyanie addi md ikVi tlhrau 




Wash the precipitate with distilled water and drj 
It In the last edition of the Pharmacopoeia, 
(1851 J it is directed to be prepared as follows: — 
liitrate of SilveTf dissolved in dutilled teater, is 
put into a tubulated glass receiyor; Feroeyanuret 
of Potauiunif dissolved in distilled tecUer, is put 
into a tubulated retort, previously adapted to the 
receiver. Dilute Sulphuric Acid is added to the 
■olntion in the retort; and, by means of a sand- 
bath and a moderate heat, distillation is carried 
on until the liquid that passes over no longer 
produces a precipitate in the receiver. The pre- 
cipitate is then washed with distilled water, and 

The Oxide of Silver, Argen'H Ox^idum, has 
been introduced into the last edition of the Ph. 
IT. S. (1851.) It is made by precipitating a solu- 
tion of the NitrvUe of Silver by eolution of P<h- 
icuta, drying the precipitate. 

Arqentuh Chloratum, see Argentnm — a. 
Cyanogenatum, see Argentum — a. Fugitivnm, 
Hydrargyrum — a. Fusum, Hydrargyrum — a. 
lodatum, see Argentum — a. Liquidum, Hydrar- 
gyrum — a. Mobile, Hydrargyrum — a. Muriati- 
oum, see Argentum — a. Muriatioum Ammonia- 
tnm, see Argentum — a. Oxydatum, see Argentum 
^-a. Salitum, see Argentum — a. Vivnm, Hydrar- 

ARGIL, PURE, Argilla pnra. 


a. Bolus rubra. Bole Armenian — a. Fermginea 
rubra, Bole Armenian — a. Kalisulphnrica, Aln- 
men — a. PaJida, Bolus alba. 

Argilla Pura, Terra AWminie, T, hola'rU, 
sen argilla'eea pura, Alu'mina depwra'ta, pure 
Argil or Alumina, (F.) Alumine ftieHce, This sub- 
stance, which is prepared by drying alum and 
exposing it, for twenty or twenty-five minutes, to 
a red heat, until the sulphuric aoid is driven off, 
has been recommended in indigestion as antacid, 
as well as in vomiting and diarrhoea accompanied 
with acidity. The dose to a very young child is 
from ^ss to 3J ; to older children from 5J to jy. 

Aroilla Sulphitrica Alcaltsata, Alnmen 
<— a. Sulphurica usta, Alumen exsiocatum — a. 
Bupersulphas alcalisatum, Alumen — a. Vitriolata, 

ARGILLA ACETAS, Aluminso aeetas — a. 
Sulphas, AluminsB sulphas. 

ARGOL, RED, Potasssd supertartras impuras 
•—a. White, PotasssB supertartras impurus. 


ARGY'RIA, from ap/vpoc, 'silver.' The dis- 
eoloration of the skin occasioned by the internal 
use of nitrate of silver. 


ARGYROPH'ORA, from a^yvposy 'silver,' and 
f cpw, * I bear.' A name given, by Myrepsns, to 
an antidote whioh he regarded as extremely pre- 


ARGYRUS, Argentnm. 

ARHEUMAT'IO, Arheumai*ieH9, from a, pri- 
vative. Mid pn^a, * fluxion or rheumatism.' One 
without fluxion or rheumatism. 

ARIA, Gratsdgus aria. 

ARICI'NA, Cfue'eomin, Oueeo-0ineh</nia, so 
•ailed from Ariea in South America, the place 
where it is shipped. An alkali found in Cnsoo 
Bark, which is very similar in many of its pro- 
perties to Cinchonia. Cnsco was the ancient 
residence of the Inoas. 

ARICTMON, from apt, an intensive particle, 
aad ftvciv, 'to eonoeive.' A name given to a 
fiunale who ooneeives readily. — Hippocrates. 

ARIDE'NA. A Latin word employed to de- i 

signate the leanness of any part — Ettmuller, 

ARID'ITY, AHd'itae, (P.) Ariditi, from arere, 
'to dry.' The French use the word Ariditi to 
express the dryness of any organ, and particn- 
larly of the skin and tongue, when such drynesi 
is so great as to render the organ rough to tho 
touch. Ariditi also means the lanuginons ap- 
pearance of the hair in some diseases in whidi 
they seem covered with dust 

ARIDU'RA. Wasting or emaciation of tho 
whole or of any part of the body ; Marasmoa, 

Aridura Cordis, Hearty atrophy of the — a. 
Hepatis, Ilepatrophia. 

ARIKA, see Spirit 


ARISTOLOCHPA, from apterot, 'very good,' 
and Xox^a, ' parturition ;' so called, because the 
different varieties were supposed to aid partori- 
tion. Birth wort, (F.) Arietoloche, Several va- 
rieties were once in use. 

Aristolochia Cava, Fnmaria bnlbosa. 

Aribtolochi'a Clem ati'tis, ArittoloehVa VmU 
ga'rit sen Ore'tica, Adra Rina, Arietolochi'a ten'" 
uie, (F.) Arietoloche ordinaire. Upright Birth- 
vort. The root haj been considered stimulant 
and emmenagogue, and as such has been used in 
amenorrhoea, chlorosis, and cachexia. 

Aristolochia Crbtica, A. Clematitis^-a. Fa- 
bacea, Fumaria bulbosa. 

Aristolochi'a Long a, and A. Rotuit'da, (F.) 
Arietoloche tongue et ronde. Long and Round 
Birthioort, Virtues the same as the preceding. 

Aristolochi'a Pistolochi'a, PiHolochi'aArie- 
tolochi'a, Polyrrhi'za. This variety has an aro- 
matic odour, and an aerid and bitter taste. (F.) 
Arietoloche erSnelie, 

Aristolochi'a Serpehta'ria, Serpenta'rieif 
Vipera'ria, Viperi'na Virginia'na, Oolubri'fm 
Virginia'na, Oontrayer'va Virainia'na, S. FtV- 
ginia'na, (F). Serpentaire et Arietoloche eerpen- 
taire de Virginie, Oolnvrine de Virginie, rw"- 
ginia Snakeroot, Snakeroot Birthwart, SnaiBe-- 
u>eed, SnagreL Virtues^ tonic, stimulant; and, 
as such, employed in debility, intermittents, Ae. 

Aristolochia Teihtis, A. Clematitis — a. Tri- 
flda, A. Trilobata. 

Aristolocbi'a Triloba'ta, a. tri/^ida, (F.) 
Ariitoloche trilohfe. A plant of Snrinam and 
Jamaica; possessing the genend virtues of the 
Aristolochise. The other varieties of Aristolo- 
chia have similar properties. 

Aristolochi'a Vulgaris RoTinn>A, Fnmaria 

ARISTOLOCH'IC, Arietoloch'icue, Same ety- 
mology. An old term for remedies supposed to 
have the property of promoting the flow of the 
lochia. — Hippocrates, Theophrastus, Dioscorides, 

VUM. These names were formerly given to 
pharmaceutical preparations, used in phthisis, 
tormina, and fever. — Avicenna. 

ARISTOPUANEI'ON. A tort of emolUeni 
plaster, prepared with four pounds of pitch, two 
of apochyma, one of wax, an ounce of opoponax, 
and half a pint of vinegar. — Gorrsdus. Not 

About 5 miles from the Washita river, and about 
a quarter of a degree north of the Louisiana line, 
there are about 70 of those springs. They are 
thermal, varying from 138^ to 150° Fahrenheit, 
and are employed in rheumatism, cutaneous af- 
fections, Ao. 
ARLADA, Realgar. 

U 103° u> 1U° ot g»hi.. Md Ui«7 

AR», Bmchion. 

ARMA. Phu^l Ventri*, Pesk 

ARUAURNXABIUU, Ananal— <b Ctumr^ 



ARUS, from a^w, ' I adftpt.' Auj phy^olo- 

E'eml or meslunial joocUoa or anioD of pwM. — 
eirehiai. AioUue, Moflbesmiiam.— Oilen. 

biBcs — a. Hilni, Aprii^oi, Sc* Pranoi — &. 
Tnlf^anr, Pnuiu ArmODHca. 



bbIu UicuseiiU of tba carpaa. 

ARilOlSE BLAKCHE, ArlemlaU rop«ttrli 
— a. Cori-MMt, AiUmuift *Bl5»ri 
Ajt«min» dncnncoliii — a. OnUt 

ARXOKIACUH, Ammoalu, gam. 
ARUORA'CIA. In ths PhumuopaU of tfae 
nniUd SuUt, (he lr«h root of CochlHiik kr- 

AmxoRACiA RuBTicm, Coehlsuik aitnoracii 
-^. SMlTk, Coehlari> umoiwiU. 
ARUOUB, CoDdom. 

R PaRiICeui, Ferrom « 



tun. AniBi, £»par<ri £aiK, Vonm'itum tJtr- 
man'imm na Opponti/o'liunx, D. Ar'nieo, AIi'/- 
■o, A^'wna, Diurteita, Arnica PUmn'tii, Pa- 
MHr'a bpn/niB, /■lor'iHiVa ■niUa'iu, Oiltki 
MO CWn'dola .lln'iia, (F.) Anx'fu, A^Idi'h 
dtm Momioffne^, Tabac dtt Vow*, Tabae "' 

tow <t« SasvwanU, Dtnmit tAl' 



ARQVBBUSAVE EAU fl". Aqua Itn-naf. 
ita riedi'mV, Aqua Thtdia'na, Aqna Klop^iaf. 
ria, Aqita evlnera'ria. Aqua eatapuita'ramf Mit-m 
tx'ta vulntra'Tia ac"ida. A lort of Tulocrmrj 
water, dialilUd from a farrago uf aromaUo jilauta. 
Hottautrji Diiu, piiU^oH, tiynu, each Rxa. 
/■rcw/ i/nVti 3 gftlloDB— diitil a galloii. Thia U 

ABRABOK, Arrafiboa. 

ARRACHEMEST, (F.) trva arrarltr, 'M 
taar oat,' Afntpai/ma, Abrup'iln, Aval'rio, Aal 
of aeparating a jiart of tho body bj tearing i I Eh>m 

with oth«n 

L or haTa b«<n 
WJMBlaal, MMHaagognc, Ao. ; and, as luob, bars 
bc*D giTcn in anauraiii, panljiii, all aairona . 
■ffoetioDi, AaiUBati>m,|coat, ohloroiii, Ao. Doae, 
gr- T to z, in powdar. Id larg* doiei. It ia dela- J 

AhjicaSpubu, Innla dyieateiic* 
■ia. Inula ilyatateriea. 

ARRECTIO, EroDtion. 


ARRKSTA BOVIS, Ouonii ipiunta. 

ARRRT [yHIlDAN, Remora Hildanl. 

ARR&TE B(ECF, Ononii niinoiia. 

ARRHCK'A, from a. pHvatire, and ftm.'l flow,' 



ARRII06TIA. DiHaae, Inflrmitr. 

ARRHYTllMUg, CarorrhTthmJa. 

ARRIBA, GeoirnH Termifuea- 

ARRliRE-BOrVHB. Phnmil — a. - TJea^ 
ee DBntULon— n,-fn.>, BMondinw, 

ARRlillE-GOVT, (F.) 'after laila.' Tb» 
ute left by certiun boilioi In tbe mouth for i>oms 
Ime after the; have bcrn IWDltowcd, oninj per. 
api to the pspillio of the inoutli baling imbibed 
lia MTOurr (ubtlance. 

ARRliRES XARIXES, Narea, poslerior. 

ARROCHE, Atriplez borteoaia — a. Pxaai^ 
'heDopodiam lulrarla. 

ARRO.fEJfEXT, A»|)er»lon. 

ARROWHEAD, Sngiltaria variabilii. 

ARROW LEAF, BagiJtaria Mriabili*. 

ARROW POISON. Thi» differs with diffcren* 
■ibes of Indians. By aome, the poison eepsicum, 

apborbiacea are miied logetber, — ""^ -. - - - 


ARO'UA, Ar'l^ma, 'perfume :■ (.^i, 'rery,' .serpent, called b; the PerUTinn ludiuns Miui 
and H^ oratft, 'odour.') Spir'tlut Rtriar, (F.) 'mam oi Jcrg/jii,—La<:liriii pieia of TacbudL 


Tba odoroDB pait of plimta. 

IC, .< 

odorifaroDi aabManca obtainad froi 

kingdom which contajna much 

light and eipanaible cegin. Ai 

b perfane*, in aeawniDg, and 

■edicioe tbaj tm amplujed as siimuiania. uin- 

gar, rinnunon, cardamoms, mint, Ao., belong to 

lbi> riasa. 

AROHATOPO'IA, from ip^i, 'an odoar,' 
and mtu, ' I mIL' An qntbecary or drnggiil. 
Ooa who eelli iplcea. 

ARON, Anm. 

AROPU. A barbaroai word, which had varl- 
aoa sleniS cations with the ancients. Paraoelaua 
eaployad it to designate a litbonlhriptie remedy. 
Tbt uaodrsgara, accordiog to aome. Also, a 
■istan of btaad, aaflron Md wina.— Tan Ilel- 

ARROW ROOT, /•«■! 

with ', Lho rblioma of j/amB'i 

. lilte all feoulia. la emollii 

>, (y.)Aromate. Any I prepared wltb water, mil 

'or.'KB, Am-ylun 
The fecufa of 
■., which. 


' a is derived bom Za'mit 

led ^vgar Dill*; 

Id from Maianta arundii 

in- ' as well as the fu-ina, 

Slates ondsr the nam< 

According to Dr. A 

ia prepar. 

root of Car. , . 

ArroK root KuciUigt is made by rubbing ai 

plelely mil 

ins ..„«ro«r it, stirring aa-iduou.ijuntil a.oft, 
gelntinoue, tenaciona mucilage is furmeil ; and, 
lastly, boiling for Bve miuntei. A InbleepooDtiA 
0/ Mzzvw nwt powdei ii lufficLsnt to aulLt k ^a)t 




of mncila^. It mfty l>6 modentelj sweetened; 
and wine or lemon juice may be added. 

With milk also it forms a bland and nutritions 
article of diet. 

Arrow Root, Bklztliax. The feonla of Ja- 
tropha Manihot. 

Arrow Root, Common, see Solanom tubero- 

Arrow Root, East Ikdiak. The feeula of 
the tubers of Curcuma angustifoUa or narrow- 
Uaved Turmerio. 

Arrow Root, Eitolish, Arrow root, oommon. 

ARROW WOOD, Euonymus, Yibumnm den- 
datum. "*■ 

ARS CABALISTICA, Cabal--a. Chjmiatrica, 
Chymiatria — a. Clysmatica nova, Infusion of me- 
dicines — a. Coquinaria, Culinary art — a. Cosme- 
tica. Cosmetics — a. Cuiinarla, Culinary art — a. 
Empirica, Empiricism — a. Hermetica, Chymistfy 
—a. Uomoeopathica, Homoeopathy — a. Hydria- 
trica, Hydrosudotherapeia — a. Infusoiia, Infu- 
sion of medicines — a. Machaonia, Me^cina<— a. 
J5iajorum, Chymistry — a. Medioa, Medicina — a. 
Obstotricia, Obstetrics — a. Sanandi, Art» healing 
—a. Separatoria, Chymistry — a. Spagirica, Chy- 
mistry — a. Veterinaria, Veterinary Artr— a. Zoi»- 
trica, Veterinary Art. 
' ARSALTOS, Asphaltnm. 

ARSATUM, Nymphomania. 

ARSENAL, (F.) Ckirapothe'ca, Armamenta'- 
riunif A. chirur'gicum, A collection of surgical 
instruments. A work containing a description 
of surgical instruments. 

ARSEN'IATE, Arten'tM. A salt formed by 
a combination of arsenio acid with a salifiable 

Arsexiate of Amvonia, Arsen'ios Ammo'nia, 
Ammo'tiium Anenic'icum, (F.) Arainiate (TAm- 
moniaque. This preparation is highly extolled 
in cutaneous diseases. A grain of the salt may 
be dissolved in an ounce of distilled water, and 
20 to 25 drops be commenced with as a dose. 

Arseniatb op Iron, Ar§en'iM Ferri, Ferrum 
Ar$enia'tumf F. Ar»en^icum oxydvla'tumy (F.) 
Arainiate de Fer, This preparation has been 
applied externally to cancerous ulcers. An oint- 
ment may be made of ^ss of the arseniate, 5U ^^ 
the phosphate of iron, and ^vj of spermaceti 
ointmenL The arseniate has also been given in- 
ternally in cancerous affections, in the dose of one- 
sixteenth of a grain. 

Arskkiatb op Protox'idb op Potas'siuv, 
Proto-araen'iate of Potcu'tium, Ar§en'%ate of Po- 
taataf Arten'tas Potcuaa, Ar»enia$ Kali. Pro- 
perties the same as those of arsenious acid. 

ARSE5IATE OF QuiNiA, Quiniss Arsenias. 

AR'SENIC, Arsenicum. A solid metal ; of a 
steel-gray colour; granular texture; very brittle; 
Tolatilizing before melting; very combustible and 
aoidifiable. It is not dangerous of itself, and only 
becomes so by virtue of the facility with which it 
Absorbs oxygen. 
ARSENIO BLANC, Arsenicum album. 
Arsbitic, Iodidb op, Araen'iei Jo'didum sen 
Teriod'idum, A, lodurt'tum, Arten'ieum loda'- 
turn; formed by the combination of ar»eniou§ 
acid and iodine. This preparation, applied ex- 
ternally, has been highly extolled in various cu- 
taneous affections. An ointment may be made 
of three grains of iodide to Jj of lard. It haa, 
also been given internally in the dose of a tenth 
of a grain in similar affections. 

Arsexio, Oxidb of, Arsenicum album — a. Ox- 
ide of. White, Arsenicum album — a. White, Arse- 
nicum album. 

Arsenic and Mbrcurt, Iodidb of, Hvdrar*- 

ywri et Arten'iei lo'didum, Double Poaide of 

Jfrifr'eurjf and Ar^ienic, lodo-arteniU of Mer'oury. 

A compound, which has been proposed as moiv 
efficacious than either the iodide of arsenio or tha 
iodide of mercury. It is made by triturating 6.0i 
grains of metallic areenic ; 14.82 grains of mtf^ 
cury ; 49 of iodine, with a fluidraehm of aleokot^ 
until the mass has become dry, and from being 
deep brown has become pale red. Eight onnoes 
of dietiUed water are poured on, and, after tritii* 
ration for a few moments, the whole is transfer- 
red to a flask ; half a drachm of hydriodic acid^ 
prepared by the acidification of two gndns of 
iodine, is added, and the mixture is boiled for a 
few moments. When the solution is cold, maka 
the mixture up to f^viij with distilled water. 
This is called by Mr. Donovan, the proposer. 
Liquor Areen'iei et ffydrar'gyri lo'didi, each 
drachm of which by measure consists of water 
53f arsenious acid gr. l-8th; peroxide of mercury 
gr. l-4th, iodine converted into hydriodic acdd 
gr. 3-4ths. In the last edition of the PA. U. & 
it is directed to be made of Areeniei lodidum and 
Hydraryyri lodidum ruhrum, each gr. xxxv; and 
Aqua deetillaia Oss; dissolving by mbbing, heat- 
ing to the boiling point, and filtering. 

The dose of DonowtWe Solution, ig horn 1l\^ 
to f 5ss two or three times a day. 

It has been used sueoessfiilly in inveterate en- 
tan eous diseases. 

ARSEN'ICAL PASTE, CF.) P6ie Areinicai*. 
This application to cancers is formed of 70 parta 
of cinnabar, 22 of dragon^e blood, and 8 of cirse- 
nioue acid ; made into a paste with saliva, when 
about to be applied. 

ARSBNICI lODIDUM, Arsenic, Iodide of— 
a. loduretum, Arsenio, Iodide of— a. Teriodidmoy 
Arsenio, iodide of. 

ARSBNICISM'US, JfKo^rica'Ko Arsca»oa'U4 
Poisoning by arsenio. 

ide of Ar'eenie, Ratebane, Areen'iei oar'ydum aU 
bum, Calx Areen'iei alba, Ac"idum Areenico^euw^f 
A. Areenio'eum (Ph. U. 6.), Areen'ioue acid. White 
oxide of areenio, (F.) Areenie blane. An acid 
which is met with in commerce, in compact, white^ 
heavy, fragile, masses ; of a vitreons aspect, opake, 
and covered with a white dust ; of an acrid and 
nauseous taste ; without smell when cold ; vola- 
tilizable by heat, and exhaling the odour of gar- 
lic : soluble in water, alcohol and oil ; crystalli- 
sable in regular octahedrons. It is this that is 
meant by the name arsenic, as commonly used. 

ARSEN^icric Album SuBLiMA'TUjr, Sublimed 
Oxide of Areenie, is the one employed in medi- 
cine. It is tonic and escharotic, and is the most 
virulent of mineral poisons. It is used in in- 
termittcnts, periodical headachs, neuroses, Ae. 
Dose, gr. one-tenth to one-eighth in pill. Bee 
Poisons, Table of. 

Arsenicum Iodatuv, Arsenio, Iodide of — a. 
Rubrum Faotitium, Realgar. 

ARSENIS POTASS J3, Arsenite of protoxide 
of potassium — a. Potasssd aquosus, Liqyor arse- 
nicalis — a. PotasssD liquidus. Liquor arsenicalis. 

AR'SENITE, Ar'eenie. A salt, formed by a 
combination of the arsenious acid with a salifi- 
able base. 

Ar'hbitite of Protox'ide of PoTAs'sinu, Pro- 
to-ar'eenite of Potae'eium, Ar'eenite of Potaeee^ 
Ar*eenie Potaeta. An uncrystallizable and co- 
lourless salt, which forms the basis of the liquor 
arsenicalis, which see. 

Arsr!tite of Quinia, QninisB arsenis. 

ARSE-SMART, Persicaria— a. Biting, Poly- 
gonum hydropiper. 

ART, HEALING, Are Sanan'di, Jfedici'nn, 
The appropriate application of the precepts of 
the best physicians, and of the results of experi- 
ence to the treatment of disease. 




Abt, YKnvsAMT, Yetarinary art 

AR'TABBt «fra^9* Name of a meaaure for 
4ry safaalaBees, in uae with the ancieDte, equal 
ai times, to 5 modii: at others, to 3; and at 
otbervy agun, to 7. — Galen. 


These German waters have been much recom- 
mended in hjst^ia, gout, palsy, Ao. Their 
physieal or ehemical properties have not been 

ARTEMIS'IA, Anacti^rtoH, CoUed after a 
queen of the name, who first employed it; or 
from Afn^tf ' Diana ;* because it was formerly 
need in diseases of women, over whom she pre- 
aded. The Ganls called it Brieumum, 

Abtkmis'ia Abbot'anuic, Abrot'aHum, Abrot'- 
emeny Airot'tinmm (kukauvnj Abrot'onum inos, 
A&ralJUm, South' emwoodf Oldman, (F.) Aurone, 
Aarentf mUUe, Aur<me dtt jardint, Garderobc, 
CiirtmeiU, Supposed to be possessed of stimu- 
lant properyes. 

Oa of Sontkemwood, (yietun AbrofatUy (F.) 
BuiU cTAuronM, possesses the aromatic proper- 
tiea of the plant. 

Artkmis'ia ABsnr'Tiiiuir, Abtin'thiuwiy Abtin'- 
Aiitm ruljfa'ri, Apnm'tkiuwi, Barypi'cron, Com- 
wum Wormwood, ^F.) Abtintht, Properties: — 
tonie and anthelnuntie. The Oil of Wormwoodf 
(yUwmAb^in'Miy (F.) JTuiU d' Absinthe, contains 
the aromaUo Tirtnes of the plant 

Abtjbmisia Apra, a South African species, is 
tonic, antispasmodic and anthelmintic; and has 
been used in debility of the stomach, visceral ob- 
ftructions, jaundice and hypochondriasis. It is 
taken in infusion, decoction and tincture. A 
itrong infusion is used by the Cape Colonists as 
ft coUyrium in weakness of the eyes; and the 
pennded leaves and stalks are employed as dis- 
entients in osdema and sngillations. 

Abtkvisia Alba, A. Suitonica — a. Balsamita, 
A. Pontica. 

Abtbmisla BniB'ins, Bienmal Wormwood; in- 

Abtkxisia Botetb, Chenopodinm ambrosi- 

Abtkios'ia Campbs'tbxs, Field Southemufood, 
(F.) Amrone des Ohampt. This possesses the 
aame properties as A, Abrot*anum. 

AjtrxMiBLA Chbbopodium, Chenopodinm bo- 

AxTXiniiiA CHirair'sis, A, In'diea, A. ifoxo. 
From this the Chinese form their moxas. 

Artemisia Covtba, A. Santonica. 

Artemisia Draou5'culu8, Tarragon, (F.) 
ettroffon. Virtues : — the same as the 

Artexis'ia Glacia'lis, Silky Wormwood; 
Artemisia Ixbica, Artemisia Chinensis, A. 
Santonica ; 
Artemisia Lrptophtlla, A. Pontica ; 
Artemisia Marit'ima, Abnn'thium Mari'num 
Maritfiammf Sea Wormtoood, Maritime South' 

Artemisia Moxa, A. Chinensis ; 

Artrmts'ia Poh'tica, a, Roma'na sen Tenuis 
ft/lia sen BaUami'ta sen Leptopkyl'la, Abtinthi- 
■a Pom'tieum sen Roma'num, Roman Wormwood, 
Lemer Wormwood, possess like virtues ; — as well 

Artemisia Bomaka, A. Pontica; 

Artemisia Bubra, A. Santonica; and 

Artemis'ia Bupbb'tris, Creeping Wormwood, 
O^m'ipi album, (F.) Armoite blatic, Qinipi blanc. 
This variety has aromatic virtues, and is used in 
faitermittents, and in amenorrhoea. 

Artbmis'ia Savtom'ica^ Sanfon'iemm, Jj-t€- / 

mtVta eonita. Semen contra Vermee, Semen eon* 
tra, S, Zedoa'ria, Cfanni Herba, Chttm<Bcedri§p 
Ohamaeyparie^Mu; Semen Cinte, Hagiuspcr'mtim, 
Sane' turn Semen, Abein'thium Santvn'icum, iS>« 
menti'noy Xantoli'na, Scheba Ar'abum, Artemie'ia 
Juda'ica, Sina seu Oina Levan'tica, Womieeedf 
Tartarian Southernwood, (F.) Barbotine, Vir- 
tues : — anthelmintic and stimulant Dose, gr. x. 
to 3J Uk powder. 

Artemisia Tekcipolia, A. Pontica. 

Artemis'ia Vulga'RIS, Artemie'ia rubra etalba, 
Oiu'gulum Snncti Joan'me, Mater Herba'rum, Be" 
renieecum, Bubaetecor'dium, Cannpa'cia, Mug- 
wort, (F.) Armoiae ordinaire, A. Commune, J/erb€ 
de SaitU Jean, This, as well as some other 
varieties, possesses the general tonic virtues of 
the ArtemisisB. Artemisia vulgaris has been 
highly extolled by the Germans in cases of epi- 
lepsy. Dose of the powder, in the 24 hours, from 
5m to 3J* 

ARTMrE, Artery— a. Braehial, Brachial ar- 
tery—a. Brachio-cfphalique, Innomiuata arteria 
— a. Bronchique, Bronchial artery — a. Ciiiaire, 
Ciliary artery — a. Clitorienne : see Clitoris — a. 
Caeale: see Colic arteries — a. ColluUrale du 
eoude, Anastomoticus magnus ramus — a Collnti- 
rale exteme, Arteria profunda humeri — a. Collar 
tirale interne, Anastomoticus magnus ramus — a. 
Coronaire dee Uvree, Labial artery — a. Coronair€ 
Stomaehiqne, Coronary artery — a. CruraU, Ciniral 
artery — a. Denxihne dee thoraeiquee, Arteria tho- 
racica externa inferior — a. JCpinente, Meningeal 
artery, m'u\die—a,/''imorO'poplit(e, Ischiutic artery 
— a. Featiire, Gluteal artery — a. (Jaetrique droite, 

Setite, Pyloric artery — a, Outtufo-maxiUaire, 
[axillary artery, internal — a. Honteuee exteme, 
Pudic, external, artery — a. Honteuse interne, Pu- 
dic, internal, artery — a. Humirale pro/onde, Ar- 
teria profunda humeri — a. Iliaque primitive, lUao 
artery — a. Innominie, Innominata arteria — a. 
Irienne, Ciliary artery — a. Jechio-penienne : see 
Pudic, internal, artery — a. Midiane anf^rieure. 
Spinal artery, anterior — a. Midiane poatineur^ 
du raehia. Spinal artery, posterior — a, MfningU 
moyenne. Meningeal artery, middle — a. Mentun^ 
nilre. Mental foramen — a. Meaocfphaliquty Basi- 
lary srtery — a. Mfaveoliqne: see Colic artery— 
a. Muaculaire du brae, Arteria profunda humeri 
— a. Muaculaire du braa, grande: see Collateral 
arteries of the arm— a. Muaculaire grande de la 
euiaae, Arteria profunda fcmoris — a. Opiathoga^ 
trique, Cceliac artery — a. Orbitaire, Ophthalmic 
artery — a. de f Ovaire, Spermatic artery — a, 
Pelvi-crurale, Crural artery — a. Pelvi-crurale, 
Iliac artery — a. Pelrienne, Hypogastric artery— 
a. Premiere dea thorcuiiquea, Arteria thoracica 
externa superior — a. Radio-carp ienne fron#rer- 
aale palmaire. Radio-carpal artery — o. Scrotale, 
Pudic, external, artery — a. Soua-clavitre^ Sub- 
clavian artery — a. Soua-pubio-/i morale, Obturator 
artery — a. Sotta-pubien$te, Pudic, internal, artery 
— a. Soua-aternal, Mammary, internal — a. Sphi* 
no-fpineuae, Meningeal artery, middle — a. Stomo^ 
gaatrique, Coronary artery — a. Sua-earpienne : 
see &tu-carpien — a. Sua-m€ueilluire, Alveolar 
artery — a. Sua-mcurillaire, Buccal artery — a, 
Sua-mitataraienne, Metatarsal artery — a. Sut" 
pubienne, Epigastric artery — a. Teaticulaire, 
Spermatic artery — a. Thoracique humfrale^ Acro- 
mial artery — o. Trachfhcervical : see Cerebral 
arteries — a. Trochantfrienne, Circumflex artery 
of the thigh — a. Troiaiime dea thoraeiquea, Acro- 
mial artery — a. Tympanique, Auditory artery« 
external — a. Uviale: see Ciliary artery — a. Vui- 
vatre, Pudio, external, artery. 

ARTERIA, Artery— a. Ad Cntem Abdomvu\i, 
Bee Ad Cutem abdominisi (arteria) — ^. Anon^miii 




QMtro-epiploio artery — a. Qastro-bepatio, see 
Oastro-epiploio artery — a. Genital, Pudic (ioter- 
nal) artery — a. Guttural inferior, Thyroideal A. 
inferior — ^o. Guttural superior, Thyroideal A. su- 
perior — a. Humeral, Brachial artery — a. Iliac 
posterior, Gluteal artery — a. Iliaco-muscular, 
Ileo-lumbar artery — a. Labial, Facial artery — a. 
Laryngeal superior, Thyroideal artery, superior 
—a. Maxillary internal. Facial artery — a. Median 
of the sacrum, Sacral artery, anterior — a. Nasal, 
lateral, large, Spheno-palatine artery — a. Palato- 
labial, Facial artery — a. Pericephalic, Carotid 
(external) — a. Pharyngeal, superior. Pterygo- 
palatine artery — a. Phrenic, Diaphragmatic ar- 
tery — a. Posterior of the brain, see Cerebral ar- 
teries — a. External scapular. Acromial artery — 
a. Bpinal. Meningeal artery, middle — a. Subcla- 
vian right, Innominata arteria — a. Subscapular, 
Scapular artery, inferior — a. Superficial of the 
abdomen, Ad cutem abdominis (arteria) — a. Su- 
pramaxillary, Alveolar artery — a. Suprarenal, 
Capsular artery — a. Thoracic, internal, Mammary 
Internal — a. Urethro-bulbar, Transverse perineal 
artery — a. Vesico-prostatic, Vesical artery — a. 
Vidian, Pterygoid artery. 

AHTETIS'CUS; from artut, 'a limb.' One 
who has lost a limb. 

ARTEURYSMA, Aneurism. 

ARTHANI'TA, from aprof, 'bread,-' the C^e'' 
lameii. or Sowbread, It was formerly made into 
ointment, Unyuen'tum Artkani'tttt with many 
other substances, and waj employed as a purga- 
tive, being rubbed on the abdomen. 

AnTHANiTA CrcLAJfsir, Cyclamen. 

ARTHETICA, Teucrium chamsspitys. 

ARTURAGRA, Gout— a. Anomala, Gout, an- 
omalous — a. Genuina, Gout, regular — a. Legiti- 
ma. Gout, regular — a. NormaUs, Gouty regular — 
a. Vera, Gout, regular. 

ARTH RALGIA* Arthrodynia, Gout See Lead 

ARTHRBLCO'SIS, from ap^poy, 'a joint,' and 
'cXirwffK, 'ulceration.' Ulceration of a Joint. 

ARTHREMBOLE'SIS, same etymon as the 
next The reduction of a fracture or luxation. 

ARTIIREM'BOLUS, from ap^fvv, 'a joint,' 
cy, 'in,' and /3aXA«p 'I cast' An ancient instru- 
ment used in the reduction of dislocations. 

ANTHRETICA, Teucrium chamsapitys. 

ARTHRIT'IC, ArtKrit'iew, from af^pov, 'a 
Joint' (F.) Artkrxtique, Goutteux, That which 
relates to gout or arthritisy as arthritie •ymp- 
tom$f Ac 


ARTHRITIF'UGUM; from arthnti; 'gout,' 
and /iigaref 'to drive away.' A remedy that 
drives away gout Heyden terms cold water, 
internally, the arthritifugum magmtm, 

ARTHRITIS, Gout, Arthrophlogosis, Artbro- 
0ia — a. Aberrans, Gout Twandering) — a. Acuta, 
Gout (regular) — a. Artnrodynia, Rheumatism, 
chronic — a. Asthenica, Gout (atonic) — a. Atonic, 
Gout (atonic) — a. Diaphragmatica, Angina Pec- 
toris — a. Erratica, Gout (wandering) — a. Ilydrar- 
tbros, Ilydrarthrus — a. Inflammatoria, Gout (re- 
gular) — a. Juvenilis, see Rheumatism, acute — a. 
Maxillaris, Siagonagra — a. Nodosa, Gout (with 
nodosiUes) — a. Planetica, Gout (wandering) — a. 
Podagra, Gout — a. Rheumatica, see Rheumatism, 
acute — a. Rheumatismus, Rheumatism, acute — 
a. Retrograda, Gout (retrograde.) 

ARTIIROC'ACF, from a^pov, 'a joint,' and 
caxwf, ' bad.' Difroase of the Joints ; and espe- 
cially caries of the articular surfaces. Spina 

Arthroc\cb CoxAHUir, Coxarum morbus. 

ARTHROCAC0L0G"IA, from orfArocoeia — 
aoeording to Busty a chrome disease of the jointa; 

and Xoyof, 'a description.' The doctrine of chro- 
nic dimiases of the joints. 

ARTHROCARCINO'MA, from ap$p€»,'m 
Joint,' and KapxivufLa, 'cancer.' Cancer of th« 

ARTHROCHONDRrTIS,from«pd/>«y. '• 
Joint,' x'^^h^^t '* cartilage,' and itU, denoting 
inflammation. Inflanunaiion of the cartilaget 
and joints. 

ARTHRO'DIA, from ap^pev, 'a Joint' Adar^ 
tieula'tio, A moveable Joint, formed by the head 
of a bone applied to the surface of a shallow 
socket, so that it can execute movements in every 
direction. Artkro'dium is ' a small Joint :' dimi- 
nutive of Arthrodia. 

ARTHRODYN'IA, ArtkrimaVffia, ArtkraF^ 
gia, from ap5pov, ' articulation/ and e^vrv, ' pain.' 
Articular pain. Pain in the Joints. See Rhea- 
matism, chronic 

Arthrodtkia Podaorica, Gout 

ARTHROL'OGY, Artkrolog"ia^ from ap^pw, 
'a Joint,' and Xoyof, ' a description.' A descrip- 
tion of the joints. The anatomy of the joints. 

ARTHROM'BOLfi, from o^poy, and /3a>Xis» 
'I cast' Coaptation, reduction. Reduction of 
a luxated or fractured bone. 

ARTHROMENINGITIS, Meningarthroeaoe. 

ARTHRON, ' a Joint' The ancients used the 
word Arikron, for the articulation of bones with 
motion, in opposition to Sympkyng, or articulft- 
tion without motion. 

ANTHRONALGIA, Arthrodynia. 

ARTHRON'CUS, AHkropky'ma; from ap5(My, 
'a joint,' and •yns, 'a swelling.' Tumefactioii 
of a joint 


ARTUROPHLOGO'SIS,fromap^Mv, 'ajoinV 
and ^Xtyta, 'I bum;' Artkri'tit, Ostartkro^tit* 
Inflammation of the joints. 

see Adenochondrius. 

ARTUROPYO'SIS, Artkronempye'tit, from 
ap5pov, 'a jointy' and now, 'pus.' Suppuration 
or abscess of the Joints. 


ARTHRO'SIA, ftt>m a^pM«, 'I articulate.' 
ArtkritU, (of some.) Inflammation, mostly con- 
fined to the Joints ,* severely painful ; occasionally 
extending to the surrounding muscles. A genus 
of diseases in the Nosology of Good, including 
Bkeumatxnn, Oout, Articular injlamtmation, JoinU 
aektf Ac 

Arthrosia Acuta, Rheumatism, acute — a. 
Chronica, Rheumatism, chronic — a. Lumbomm, 
Lumbago — a. Podagra, Gout — a. Podagra cora- 
plicata. Gout (retrograde) — a. Podagra larvata. 
Gout f atonic) — a. Podagra regularis. Gout (re- 

ARTHROSIS, Articulation. 

ARTHROSPON'GUS, from a^oy, 'a Joint,' 
and vToyyoit 'a sponge.' A white, fungous tu- 
mour of the joints. 

ARTHROTRAU'MA, from ap^, 'a Joint»' 
and TpaviiUf 'a wound.' A wound of a Joint 

AR'TIA. According to some, this word is sy- 
nonymous with apnipta} others use it synony- 
mously with Trachea. 

ARTIOHAUT, Cynara scolymus. 

ARTICHOKE, Cynara scolymus. 

ARTICLE, Articulation. 

ARTICOCALUS, Cynara scolymus. 

ARTICULAR, Arlicula'rU: from ar/M#, 'a 
joint;' artieuluM, 'a small Joint' That which re- 
lates to the articulations; — as the articular caj»» 
tii/««, Ac. 

Articular Artkrieb of nxi Abic^ Clnnua- 
flex arteries of the arm. 




Avnc'vULB AB'Tmm or tri Eitbv arise 
from the popliteal artenr, and rarround the tibio- 
femoral artienlation. Although of a small size, 
they are important^ as they fiunish blood to the 
lower extremity after the operation for popliteal 
aneorism. They are distingpushed into tuperior 
and im/trwr. The ntp€ru>r artimlar arterie9, 
popliteal articular art€rie§f are eommonly three 
m Bomber ; one of which is internal, another ex- 
temtUf and another middle, the atfygoua artic'- 
tiisr. The flrsty Bamue anaetmnat'ieue magnue, 
anastomose by one branch with the external oir- 
eomflez; and by another with the external supe- 
rior artienlar. The eeoond anastomoses with the 
eztanal eircnmflex, the superior internal artii- 
ealar^ and the inferior external artienlar ; and 
the third is distributed within the joint The in- 
fmricT artiemlar arteriee Mre two in number : an 
vHiermal and external. The former anastomoses 
with the internal superior articular and the ex- 
ternal inferior articular. The latter anastomoses 
with the recurrent branch of the anterior tibial, 
and the external superior articular. To each 
articular artery there is an articular nerve. 

Amc'uLAR Facbttbs' are the contiguous 
iorfiftoes, by means of whioh the bones are arti- 

Abticttlar Pbocesses, see Vertebrss. 

Abtic'ular Vbhts of the knee follow the 
nme course as the arteries. 

ARTICULATIO, Articulation— a. Artificialis, 
Psendarthrosis — a. Notha, Pseudarthrosis. 

ARTICULA'TION, Joint, Artieula'tio, Ar. 
ikro^eie, Atearthro'eie, Artiefulue, Junetu'ra, Oola, 
Oonjnme'tio, Nodne, Commieeu'ra, Oompa'get, 
Sffmtaxfia, Har'wkut, Vertie'uki, Vertie'ulue, Ver- 
IiVm^min, (F.) Articulation, Article. Same ety- 
mon. The union of bones with each other, as 
well as the kind of union. 


Articulations are generally dirided into Dior- 
ikroeee or moreable articulations, and Synar- 
ikroece or immoveable. 

3. Diarthrosifl, orblcu* ( Ensrthrosls. 

1. Arophisrtbraris. 

Isr ysfue. \ Artbrodia. 

3. Alternative or Gingtymus, which 

admits of varieties. 
1. Suture. 
3. Harmony. 

3. Gorophoais. 

4. Schindylesis. 

The articulations are subject to a number of 
Aseasesy which are generally somewhat severe. 
These may be physical, as wounds, sprains, luxa- 
tions, kc; or they may be organic, as ankylosis, 
extraneous bodies, caries, rheumatism, gont^ hy- 
drarthroses, arthropyosis, Ac. 

Abticulatios means also the combination of 
letters which constitute words. See Voice. 

Articulatioit, Falsb, Pteudarthro'eie, Artic^- 
mlue faleue, (F.) A. faueee, A. aceidentelle, A. 
contre nature, A. anormale. A /alee joint, formed 
between fragments of bone, that have remained 
ununited; or between a luxated bone and the 
surrounding parts. 

glymus— a. de la Hanche, Coxo-femoral articula- 

ges of the fingers — a. Digitorum pedis, Phalanges 
of the toes. 

ARTICULO MORTIS, see Psyohorages — a. 
Spinalis, Semispinalis oollL 

ARTIFICIAL, Artxficia'lie, (F.) ArHficiel; 
from are, artie, 'art,' and/ocere, 'to make. That 
vUdi is formed b^ art / 

Artificial Etes are usually made of enamel, 
and represent a sort of hollow hemisphere, whioh 
is applied beneath the eyelids, when the eye is 

Artificial Tebth are made of ivory, porce- 
lain, Ac. 

are preparations of anatomy, modelled in wax, 
plaster, paper, ke, 

ARTTSCOCCUS LJSVIS, Cynara scolymus. 

ARTIS'CUS, from apro{, 'bread.' See Tro- 
cbiscus. A troch of the shape of a small loaf. 
Also, and especially, a trooh made of vipers. 

ARTOCAR'PUS. The Bread-fruit Tree, (F.) 
Jaquier. A Polynesian tree, so called beeanse 
the fruit, which is milky, and juicy, supplies the 
place of bread to the inhabitants. It grows to 
the height of 40 feet 

Artocarpus Inteorifolia, Caoutchouc. 

ARTOC'REAS, from a^ot, ' bread,' and Kpiat, 
' flesh.' A kind of nourishing food made of va- 
rious aliments boiled together. — Galen. 

ARTOG'ALA, from a^ros, 'bread,' and yaXm, 
'milk.' An alimentary preparation of bread and 
milk. A poultice. 

ARTOM'ELI, .from oprof, 'bread,' and ^lAi, 
'honey.' A cataplasm of bread and honey.— 

ARTUS, Membrum. 

ARTYMA, Aroma, Condiment 

ARUM, A. macnlatum, and A. triphyllnm — a. 
Americannm betsd foliis, Dracontium foetidum. 

Arum Dracun'culus, Draeun'euluepolyphvV' 
lue, Coluhri'na Draeon'tia, Erva de Sancta J/o- 
ria, Gig'arue eerpenta'ria. Arum polyphyVlum, 
Serpenta'ria Oalto'rum. Family, Aroideae. S«jc 
Syet. Monoecia Polyandria. The roots and leaves 
are very acrimonious. The plant resembles the 
A. maeula'tum in its properties. 

Aruic Eboulen'tdv, Caf^dium eeeulen'tum, 
Taro, Kalo. The foliage and roots possess acrid 
qualities, which are dissipated by baking or boil- 
ing; in which form it is used as food by the 
people of Madeira, the Polynesians, Ac. 

Arum Macula'tuh, Aron, Arum (of the older 
writers). A, vulga'rl, Ouekow Pint, Barha Aaro^^ 
ni§, Serpenta'ria minor, Zin' giber German' icum, 
Sacerdo'tie penie, Wake Robin, Prieefe pintle, (F.) 
Qouet, Pied de Veau, The fresh root is stimu- 
lant internally. Dose, ^j. of the dried root 
Externally, it is very acrid. From the root of 
this Arum a starch is prepared, which is called 
Portland leland Sago, Cferta eerpenta'ria, Cerut^- 
ea eerpenta'ria, Fec'ula ari maeula'ti. 

Arum, Three-Leaved, Arum triphyllnm. 

Arum, Triphtl'lum, Three-leaved arum, (F.) 
Pied de Veau triphyUe, Indian Turnip, Dragon 
Root, Dragon Turnip, Pepper Turnip. This 
plant grows all over the united States, and is 
received into the Pharmacopoeia under the title 
Arum. The recent root, or Cormns — Aram, (Ph. 
U. S.) — is very acrimonious, and has been em- 
ployed in asthma, croup, and hooping-cough. 
Boiled in lard, it has been used in Unea capitis, 
and in milk in consumption. 

Arum ViRoiincuM, Peltandra Virginica — a. 
Vulgare, A. maculatum. 

ARUMARI, Caramata. 

ARUNDO BAMBOS, Bamboo — a. Brachii 
major. Ulna — a. Brachii minor, Radius — a. In- 
dica, Sagittarium nlexipharmacnm — a. Migor, 
Tibia — a. Minor, Fibula — a. Saccharifera, sea 

ARVA, Ava. 

ARVXJM, Vulva — a. Natures, Uterus. 

ARY-ARYTENOID^US, ArytenoiflsBUS— a- 
Epi^otticus, Arytacno-epiglotticTis. 

J^YTM'lfA, a^vraiva, ' a Udle.' B^UQft^ 




A R Y T ^ ' N - EPIGLOT'TICUS, Aryta'no- 
tpit/lottida'ut, Anf-epiglot'tieut, That which be- 
longs to the arytenoid cartilages and epiglottis. 
Winslo\T gives this name to small, fleshy fasci- 
culi, which are attached, at one extremity, to the 
arytcuoiJ cartilages^ and, by the other, to the free 
edge of the epiglottis. These fibres do not al- 
ways exiHt. They form part of the arytenoid 
musclo of modern anatomists. 

AR'YTENOID, Arvtanoi'det, Arytenolda'ut, 
from apvrai va, * a ladle/ and uiof, * shape.' Ladle- 

Ara'texoid Car'tilaoes, Cfartilag"ine9 aryte- 
no»'(it», C. fjuttura'letf C, Outturi'tUB, C. gutturi' 
for'mct, (J. triq'netratf Outtur'niaf are two carti- 
lages of tho larynx, situate posteriorly above the 
orieoid, which, by approximation, diminish the 
aperturo of tho glottis. Their upper extremi- 
ties or comua are turned towards each other, 
and aro now and then found loose, in the form of 
appoiuUcesi, which are considered, by some, as 
dibtinct cartilages, and termed cuneiform or fu- 
hercuftited Cartilage* or Comie'ula Laryn'git, 

Arttr.void Glands, Oland'ula Arytenoids' a, 
are small, glandular, whitish bodies, situate an- 
terior to tho A. cartilages. They pour out a mu- 
oou£> flui'l to lubricate the larynx. 

ARYTEXOIDJE'US, (F.) ArytenoUien, A 
ffmall mui'cle, which passes from one arytenoid 
cartila;;e to the other, by its contraction brings 
them together, and diminishes the aperture of 
the glotMs. Winslow divided the muscle into 
three portions; — the Arytenoidtt'u^ trannvtr'ttff 
or Ary -arytenoids' uMf and two Arytenoids' % 06- 

ARYTTI'M, Aryth'mutf IVom a, prirative, and 
fvOfios, 'rhythm,' 'measure.' Irregular. This 
word is applied chiefly to the pulse. 

ASA, Asafoetida. See Assa. 

ASAFCE'TIDA, A»*a/at'tida, Auafetfida, Ster- 
Ct« diah'vlif Cibu9 Deo'rum, Ata, DeviVi dung. 
Food of the Qoda, A gum-resin — the concrete 
juice of Fer'ula Attafoe'tida, Narthex Anafot'- 
tida. Orderf UmbellifersB. It is in small masses 
of a whitish, reddish, and violet hue, adhering 
together. Taste bitter and subacrid: smell in- 
supportably alliaceous. The Asiatics use it re- 
gularly as a condiment. 

Its medical properties are anUspasmodic, sti- 
mulant, and anthelmintio. Dose, gr. v to xx, in 


AS'APES, * crude,' Atep'ton, A term applied 
to the pput-o, or to other matters evacuated, which 
do not give ngns of eoction. 

ASAPil'ATUM, firom «, privative, and nfiif, 
'clear.' This term bos been applied to collec- 
tions in the sebaceous follicles of the skin, which 
may be pressed out lll^e Httle worms, with a black 
head. 8oe Acne. 

ASAPni'A, from a, privative, and va^ntt 
' dear.* Dy^pho'nia immodula'ta paltUVna^ Pa- 
rapho'nia guttura'lit; P, palati'na. Defective 
articulation, dependent upon diseased palate. — 
Hippocrates, Vogel. 

ASARABAOCA, Asarnm — a. Broad-leaved, 
Asannn Oanadense, 

ASAR'COX, from a, privative, and mp^, 'flesh.' 
Devoid of flesh. Aristotle uses the term for the 
bead when it is but little fleshy, compared with 
the chect and abdomen. 

ASARET, Asarum— ^o. du Canada, ABaxum 

ASARI'TE?, from aeapov, 'the asarum.' A 
diuretic wine, of which asarum was an ingredient. 
— Dioscorides. 

AS' A RUM, firom «, privative, and vaipuv, 'to 
adorn:' booaoM not admitted Into the andent 

coronal wreaths ; Alarum Europs'^m, A. offUi- 
na'lif Nardu* Monta'na, Nardu* Jiutt'ica, Aj/-^ 
arum, (F.) A*aret ou Cnburetf Oreille cTkomm^p 
OreilUttef Oirard-RowtiUf Nard Saurnge. Famu 
Aroidese. Sex. SytL Dodecandria MonogynSiu 
The plant, used in medicine, is the Av'arvin Eu^ 
rops'um, Atarahac'cOf and of this the leaves. 
They are emetic, cathartic, and errhine, but are 
hardly ever employed, except for the last purpose. 

ASARUH Camaden'sV, a. Carolinia'num, Om» 
nada Snakeroot, Wild Oinger, Oolt'§ Foot, Broad* 
haf AtarabctccOf Indian Ginger^ Heart Snakm* 
root, (F.) Ataret du Canada. The root A«'ar«a^ 
(Ph. U. S.) is used as a substitute for ginger, and 
is said to act as a warm stimulant and dia- 
phoretic. ^ 

AsARUH CAROLiNiANinr, A. Canadense — e. 
Europseum, see Asarum — a. Hypocistis, Cytinoe 
hypocistis — a. Officinale, see Asarum. 

ASBESTOS SCALL, see Eczema of the hairy 

is a village, situate about a league from St. Jean- 
de-Lus, in France. The water is a cold chaly- 

ASCARDAMYC'TES, from «, privative, and 
vKaoSaftvrrttt * I twinkle the eyes.' One who staree 
witn fixed eyes, without moving the eyelids.** 

nia anthelmintica. 

bricoides — a, Vermieulaire, Ascaris vermicnlaris. 

AS'CARIS, pL ASCAR'IDES, from moKofi^, 
' I leap.' A genus of intestinal worms, eharae« 
terized by a long, cylindrical body, extenuated 
at the extremities ; and having a mouth furnished 
with three tubercles, from which a very shorl 
tube is sometimes seen issuing. Formerly, there 
were reckoned two varieties of the Ascaris — the 
At'carit lumbrieoVdetf Lumbri'cu§f L, teres Aom'« 
ini»f Scolex, At'carit gigat hom'inisy (F.) Lomhri* 
ccHdef Atcaride lombricoldef LombriCf L. Teret^ 
or long round worm ; and the A»'cari» VerpncH~ 
la'rit — the Ascaris proper — the thread worm or 
maw worm. The former is alone included under 
the genus, at present — a new genus having been 
formed of the A. vermieularit, under the name 
Oxyuris. It is the Oxyu'rit vermicula'ri*^ (F.) 
Atearide, A. vermieulairef Oxyure vermieulaire, 

A new species of entozoa has been found by 
Dr. Bellingham, the A«'cari« ala'ta. 

Ascaris Alata, see Ascaris — a. Gigas ho- 
minis, see Ascaris — a. Lumbricoides, see Ascaris 
— a. Trichuria, Trichocephalus — a. Vermicnlaris^ 
see Ascaris. 

AS'CELBS, At'helet, Carent eru'ribvn, from m, 
privative, and vkcXos, 'a leg.' One who has no legs. 

ASCEI.LA, Axilla. 

ASCEN'DENS, from atcenderef {ad and tean- 
deref) 'to ascend.' (F.) Aaeendant. Parts are 
thus called, which are supposed to arise in a re- 
gion lower than that where they terminate. 
Thus, Aorta a»cenden§ is the aorta from its ori- 
gin to the arch : Vena cava a»cenden§, the large 
vein which carries the blood from the inferior 
parts to the heart : Obliquut ascendent {mutcU,) 
the lesser oblique muscle of the abdomen, ke, 

ASCEN'SUS MORBI. The period of increase 
of a disease. 

ASOESTS, Exercise. 

ASCHIL, Scilla. 

ASCHISTODAC'TYLTJS, Syndac'tylut : from 
a, privative, extfrot, 'cleft;' and iaKrvXotf 'a 
finger.' A monster whose fingers are not sepi^ 
rated from one another. — Gurlt. 

AS'CIA, Arini, 'an axe,' Scepar'not^ DoVabrop 
Fa/^eia tpira'lit. Name of a bandage mentioned 

bj HfaipMnlM and Oalan. and figond 
tetns. in tha ->— - -' -~ — — »-'-i>" 
Sea Daloin. 

ASCILLA, Axilla. 

ASCt'TES, &om •««(, 'a bottle:' — AiiK'tat, 
Htdnt^U Pmttmm'i, Hgdnpt Abdom'init, H. 
Afrila, llfdrogai'ltr, ifvtlrvHntoM'am, Ilgdnt- 
oo'fia. Hgdr^trtm. AKlflei.Oaliodi'fH', Drupn 
af titt toKtr btUj, Drvpnof Ikt PiriKmt'iim, (F./ 
AcoUmioDofieroaiillDidiDtbeabdoinflo. Ai~ 
atas propel ii dropsj of the periloneam; and b 
cbaneleriied b; incraaaed il» of Ilia abdomaoi. 
b; ductiutjoa aud the general aigni of dropijL 
£t 11 rarvLj a prunaiy 
langTroiu» and bnt lit 
Uoat generaJljt \l ia oving \a obitfuctad ciron- 

the Teueli of the abdominal oigiDi. The tnat. 
inent is eisentiall; the aame aa (hM of other drop- 
ri«. Paiacenteiin. when had reooune to, can 
onl; be repud«d aa a paltiatiTa. 

Drops; of lh« pAtitonenm may alao be laocated 
oi in ejsts, and occaeioiuUlj tha fluid accamulatei 
' r U the poritaneant, Bj/drtfigat'tnum. 
■' -- tetAHydriKi '■' " ' 
B. cy»'(i™ 

A^clI£S HiPiTO-CTiTicri, Torgeeoantia red- 
(■la lelleii — a. Orarii, Hydrope OTarii— a. Pom- 
lentni, Pjwolia — a. SaSEatas, laa Aidtai, H;- 
dnBrioD, and Hjdropa oraiiL 

ASCLEPI'A1>£, Atdtpf.adti; from AtcXim'c. 
• AaoUapiiu.' The prittlp\yririaiu, who lerreo 

Uok their name from bring hii deacendanta. 
ASOL^PIADE, Aiilepiaa yinoMoiicnm, 
ASCLEPIAB ALBA, A. Tinootoilcmn — * 

Apocjanm, A. Sjriaea. 
AscLi'pllB AsTBUlT'lca.Qinan'cAHiii/penmi- 

am'lu, (F.) /DcraruiHAa blanc dt VBt d> Franet. 
; plant of tha Ilia of France, regaidad 

iqr Bool, Fla Soot, Wind Rant, Wiii, Boot, 

hatehW.— Qalan. Orawji SkbUok Rout, Silk ir«i/, Oma.'a Bou^ 

SooUd Sical'lau 

Sc^. Sif,i. PeB- 


AscLKPiAS Citispa, GomphooarpDi crlipos. 

AiCLEPiia Curas91t'ici, Biulard Ipetaeu- 
wOa, Eedl-tad, Blood<md. Tbe learei an 
aneUe in the doge of one or two geniplM. It 
b the /ffianuamia llaiK ot St. ]>omiiiga. 

AiCLEFiU Drcdh'besi; tho loot. Eacharotlo, 

AscLEFiAS, Flesb-couiDHID, A. IncBHiata. 

AicLiPua OiSAMTB'i. The milk; Juie* ir 
Tarj cluutic It ia naed in Halabar againal. 
hrapea; and, mixed with oil, in gout. Set 


a Ixcau 

, FltA 

>r thia plant, wl 
larti of the Uniud Slataa, hai the IB 
u A. BjriacL 
AacLEPiAs OaoTATA, A. STriaca. 


tandria Digynla. Said to havo be . 

moDdud bj tha Aaalepiadae. In Virginia and tha 
Carolinu, the root of thig plant baa boeo long 
MlebroMd aa a remedy in pneomonic oSocUoDt, 
It ig luduriac, and the powder acta ■> a mild 

. ItscI 


torant, diaphoretic, a 

lionallj gi«en to relisTe paing of tbe ttoinaA 

from flatulency and indigeation. 

AscLEPiAB VmCETOX'iCDH, A. A!bn. tViioa'. 
ck.m Vlicaoi'icium, FiMtlox-iam, V. OJicma'a, 
Hinmdina'ria, Apoc"!finiM Jfoua An'glia *!>«•• 
Ian, Ac, SKitltaw-Wort, Wkiu SicaUaa-Wort, 
(F.) AKlfptadt, DoaifU-vtnin. 

The root ig gaid to be atimulant, diuretic, and 
emmeuagogug, but ia hardly ever uaed. 


ASCLITES, Aaeitea. 

ASCO'MA, from um. 'a botUe.' Tbe end- 
nance of the pubea at the period of puberty in 
femiilH.— Kufut of Ephaaoa. 

ASK, Aniicty, 

ASELLI, Oniici agellL 

ASELLUS, Onigcui. 

ASE'MA CRISIS, ipms s<n,^a, from ., prirs- 

pectadly andwitboutthe ordinary precurtory ligna. 


ASU, BITTER, Quaniia — a. Blue, FraEiniu 
quadrangulaUt — a. Mountain, Sorbua acugurik 
—a. Prickly, Aralia gpinoM, XaoUioiylum <:UTk 
nerculia — a. Prickly, ihrublij, Xantboiylum 
fraiineum— a. Stinking, Ptelea trifuliatu — a. 
Tree, Fraiiuug excaliior— a. While, Fruinui 


An Egyptian plant, the leaTcg of whie 
.e into a plaater, and applied to indclei 
. The milky jnice ii oaogtie, and i* ujwd : Ori 

A8JAQAN, A^Jogam. An Indian tne, tl» 
lice of whoae Icavga, mixed with powdered 
imin aceda, ig employed in India in eolic 
AaJOQAM, A^agaa. 
ASKELES, Aacelea. 
ABKITES, Aioilcg. 

ABO'DKS, Auo'drt, from hi,, 'diagual.' <«att- 
y.' A feTcr accompanied with anxiety aud 

ASPALASO'MUB, from imAif,' 'a mole,' and 
ipa, 'body.' A genus of munateri In which 
lere la imperfect derelopment of the eyes. — 
G. 5l ililaira. AIao, a malformatioo, in whioh 
>e fiuure and eTentratioTi extend chiefly upon 
a in an ine lower part of the abdomen; the urinury ap- 
rirtnei i paralua, genitala and rectnm opening eilemallj 
by three distinct orifices. —VogcL 
I ASPALTUH, Aaphaltum. 

A8PARAGINE, see Aeparagng. 
A8PAIl'AQU8. Atpnr'agM ojttioa'lu. Com. 
Unoroju, Spat'aaui, Sptr'agut, Spam 
Grat. " - " -' ■--■--■-'-- - " 


, A'-.l. Ord. Asp 

1 -ffiei 


e din. 

Aeai — a. Pnbesceni, A. Syriaci. I retic, perhapg owing to the Immcdiatt 

AacLEprAS Striaca, A. paba'ettu, A. apoe"//- litable principle, J iparajfine. The yoang >booi« 

mm, A. obom'ia aen lommia'ia, Commim SiUt- are a well known and esteemed TOgetable diet. 

rttd. Milk Wttd, (F.) Htrbt d la kontut. Tbr . They coramunlcate a peculiar odour ' 

eortica>part of the root baa been giTen, in pow- '"" " -j--'^*----- * 

der, in aathmatie and pulmonie affeetiona in ge- 

nrnl, and, it ia gaid, with gacccei. 
AacLE'piAg Sullitax'tu, Sinoolk Jfilkieetd, 

BOkiat t d; iadigeDDug, poaiengi the game Tirtaes 

AacuiPLU ToKBirToiA, A. Byriaca. 

ASPA'SIA. A ball of wood loaked in an in. 

aaioB of galls, and aged by femaleg for W)ngtrln|> 

■ ragina. 





ASPEROE, Aspangns. 



ASPER'ITY, Atper'itat, roughness. Asperi- 
ties are inequalitios on the ii^oea of bones, 
which often serve for the insertion of fibrous 

ASPERMATIA, Aspermatismns. 

ASPERMATIS'MUS, A»per'mia,Atperma'tUi, 
from a, privative, and cwi^a, 'sperm.' Reflux 
of sporm from the urethra into the bladderi dur- 
ing the venereal orgasm. 

ASPERMIA, Aspermatismos. 

ASPERSIO, Catapasma, FomenUtion. 

ASPER'SION, AMper'tiOf from atpergtre (ad 
and tpargere,) 'to sprinkle,' (F.) Arrotement, 
Act of sprinkling or pouring a liquid ffuUatim 
over a wound, ulcer, kc 

ASPERULA, Galium aparlne. 

AsPEii'uLA Odora'ta, Ga'Uum odora'Unm, Ma- 
trin/Vvay Ifepa^iea tteUa'ta, (F.) AtpSnUe odo- 
rante ou Jfuguet det &OM, Hipatunte itoiUe. Ftum, 
Rubiaceas. Sex, Sy9t, Tetx«nuri» Monogynia. 
Siceet-Mcented Wood-roof, Said to be diuretic, 
deubstruent, tonic, and vulnerary. 

ASp£rULB odor ante, AsperulA odo- 

ASPHALTI'TES, Nephri'tet, Nephri'tU, Pri- 
ma Vertebra lumba'ria, same etymon as asphal- 
tum. A name given by some to the last lumbar 
Tertebra. — GorrsBus. 

ASPHAL'TUM, Kep'ta, Artorfo*, AtphaVium, 
from ac^oXi^uVf 'to strengthen.' With the Greeks, 
this word signified any kind of bitumen. It is 
now restricted chieflv to the Bitt'xkh of Ju- 
D^'A, B, Juda'teutn, A. §ol'idum, JeiM* Pitch, Ka- 
rait of SoJom, (F.) A«phaUe, It is Bolid, friable, 
TiU'eous, black, shining, inflammable, and of a 
fetid smelL An oil is obtained from it by distil- 
lation. It enters into the composition of certain 
ointments and plasters. 

It is collected on the surface of the water of 
the Dead Sea or Lake Asphaltites, in Judssa. 

ASPHARINE, Galium aparine. 

ASPHOD'ELUS, A. Ramo'm, A, Albw, A. Ma- 
ri»,Ha9'tula Regit, (F.) Lis atphodiU. The bulbs 
of this southern European plant have an acrimony 
which they lose in boiling water. They contain 
a fccula with which bread has been made, and 
have been considered diuretic. They have been 
used as a succedaneum for the squilL 

ASPUTX'IA, from a, priv., and vfv^tf, 'pulse,' 
De/ee'tutPuUiUfAcrotit'mtUfSidera'tio, Svdera'- 
tio. For a long time, Asphyxia was confined to 
the sense of ' suspension of circulation or Syn- 
cope.' It now generally means nupended ani- 
wtatioH, produced by the nonconversion of the 
venous blood of the lungs into arterial Ap- 
nee' a, Apneut'tia, Apnaatphyx'ia, Anhmfnato'- 
§ia, Ee'lj/tit pneumo-eardi'aea. Owing to the 
supply of air being cut 00", the unchanged venous 
blood of *he pulmonary artery passes into the 
minute radicles of the pulmonary veins, but their 
peculiar excitability requiring arterial blood to 
excite them, stagnation takes place in the pul- 
monary radicle', and death occurs caiefly from 
this cause, — not owing to venous blood being 
distributed through the system, and ' poisoning* 
St, as was the idea of Bichat Oanu atphyxfia, 
Ifort appa'rent, Mort putati'va, Pteudothan^atos, 
Apparent death, (F.) Mort apparente, is charae- 
teriKe<l by suspension of respiration, of the cere- 
liral functions, Ac. Several varieties of Asphyxia 
bave been designated. 

I. AsPHTx'iA OP TBI NKW-BoRif, A, neonato'- 
This if often dependent r^dn the fteble 

eondition of the infknty not pennlttSng rwpimtka 
to be established. 

2. Aspbt'ia bt Noxious Iitbala'tioh or i»> 
halation of gases, some of which cause death hf 
producing a spasmodic closure of Uie glottis: 
others by the want of oxygen, and others an 
positively deleterious or poisonous. 


tian; produced by mechanical impediment to 
respiration, as in strangulation. 

4. AsPBTx'iA BT Subxer'biob, A, hjf drowm-' 
ing, A, Jmmern'rum, as occurs in the drowne4» 
who perish in consequence of the medium te 
which they are plunged, being unfit for respii*- 
tion. See Submersion. 

Mr. Chevalier has used the term AMphtn^im 
Idiopath'iea, for fatal syncope owing to relaz*- 
tion of the heart. See Suffocation. 

AsPBTx'iA Immxbsoruh, A. by submersion-^ 
a. Local : — see Gangrene— a. Neonatorum, A. of 
the new-bom — a. Pestilenta: — see Cholem— n. 
Pestilential : — see Cholera. 

ASPHYX'IAL. Routing to asphyxii 
phyxial phenomena.' 

ck Lente det noKvean-n^*, Induration of Uie cel- 
lular tissue. 

ASPHTX'IED, Atphyxiattd, same etymon. 
In a state of asphyxia. 

ASP 10, Aspis ; also, Lavendula. 

ASPIDISCOS, Sphincter ani extemus. 

African fern, Nat, Ord, Filices, which is pos- 
sessed of anthelmintic properties. Its caudex, in 
the form of powder, infusion, or electuary, hai 
been found excellent in helminthiasis, and espo- 
oially in tapeworm. 

AspiDiuM CoRiACBVM, CalaguslsB radix — •• 
Dcpointuin, Poljpodium fill: mac — s, DLv:olo7,8fe 
Calagualfe radix — a. Erosum, Polypodium fillx 
mas — a. Filix foemina, Asplenium filix foemina— 
a. Ferrugineum, see Calagualss radix — a. FUiz 
mas, Polypodium filix mas. 

ASPIRATIO, Inspiration. 

ASPIRA'TION, Adtpira'tio, Atpfra'tio, from 
atpirart {ad and sptrare) 'to breathe.' Hie 
French sometimes use the term synonymously 
with inspiration. It also means the act of at- 
tracting or sucking like a pump. ImbibitioB. 
Also, Uie pronunciation of a vowel with a ftill 

ASPIS, avitit, A name given by the ancients 
to a venomous serpent— the Egyptian viper of 
Lac^p^de, (F.) Atptc. Its bite is very dangeroosy 
and it is supposed to have been the reptile whldi 
Cleopatra used for her destruction. 

ASPLE'NIUM, from a, priv., and nXtiv, 'the 
spleen.' Spleenwort, Miltva§te, 

Asplenium Aurxux, A. ceterach. 

Asplb'niux Cxt'xracb, a. au*reum sen tali* 
fo'lium, Qymnogram'mi ceteraeh, DoradiVla, 
Blechnum §qyamo'ntm, Seolopen'dria^ Athyr'ion, 
Cet'erach omeina'rum seu canarien'tit, Oramwtff' 
tet cet'erach seu au'rea, Oynop'teris ceterach, Vit- 
ta'ria ceterach, (F.) DoradiUe, Supposed to be 
subastringent and mucilaginous, and has been 
recommended as a pectoral. It has also been 
given in calculous cases. 

Asplb'niux Filix FoB'BTTfA, Polypo'dium /Uix 
fitmina, P, molli sen denta'tum sen tfict'mm sea 
trif'idum, Aepidium filix fcnmina, Athyr'iumfilim 
fmmina seu wtolU seu cva'tum seu tri/'idnm, Pt9* 
ri* palue'trit. Female fem^ Spleentport, (F.) /Vm- 
gire femelle. The root of this plant reitemblet 
that of the male fern, and is said to possess simi- 
lar anthelmintic virtues. The name ftmaU/tm 
is also given to Pttria •ptiHna, 




ABPLimra LATTFounc, A. eeienMb— •• Ma- 
Bil0, A. nitar— A. Obtasum, A. mta mnnrUu 

Asplb'viux Ruta Mura'ria, A» mura'U sen 
oftni'MMi, Parouych'iOf PkyUi'ti* rtUa mmra'ria, 
Soolopen'drium ruta wmra'riaf YTol/rwe, White 
Maidenhair, Ttniwortf Adian'tum album, Buta 
mura'ria, Safvia Vitm, (F.) Bue de* muraiUet, 
Samtt'Vit, Us«d in the lame eases as the last 

Asplb'nium Scolopxn'dbiuii, Scolopendrium 
^eima'rum sea lingua sea phylWtia sea vulga*- 
ri, Seolopen'dra, Seolopen'aria, Harft Tongue, 
BpUemwort, PhjiUi'Ha, Lingua eervi'na Bleehnum 
iigni/o'littm, (F.) Seolopendre, Langue de Mr/, 
F^perties like the last. 

Amplb'nium TrichoxaitoI'dbs^ a. Trickom'- 
ame; PhgllVtu rotundi/o'lia, CalyphyVlum, Tri- 
thom'anet, T, erena'ta, Adian'tum rubrum. Com- 
mon Maidenhair, Polut'riehum eomnuifnif (F.) 
Poiytrie, Properties Ilka the UsL 

A6P&EJ>0, Txikcfaoma— A. Miliaoe^ Miliaiy 

ASPBELB, Hipporis TalgariB. 

ASSACOU, Hara Brasiliensis. 

ASSA DOUX, Beojamln—a. DoloiSy Bei\|». 
■sin — a. Odorata, Benjamin. 

ASSABA. a Guinea shrab, whose leares are 
considered capi^le of dispersing buboes. 



ASSAIERET. A compound of bitter, stoma, 
ehie, and purgatire medicines ia the form of pilL 
«— Avieenna. 


ASSAKUR, Saccharnm. 

ASSALA, see Hyristioa moschata. 

ASS ARTHROSIS, Articulation. 

ASSA'TIO, OpU^eie The boUing of food or 
medicines in their own Juice, without the addi- 
tion if >. '. 7 liquid. VaiiouB kinds of cooking by 
b^t — Galen. 

ASSELLA, Axilla. 

AS'SERAC, Aeeie. A preparation of opium 
or of some narcotic, osed by die Turks as an ez> 


ASSBHVATJON, Conserratioii. 

ASSES' MILK, see Milk, asses. 

Absbs' Milk, Abtipicial, see Milk, asias. 

AS'SIDENS, from ad, 'to,' and etdere, *to'be 
"eated.* That which accompanies or is ooncomi- 
«nt An epithet applied to the aeoessory symp- 
toms, AnifUn'tia ngna, and general phenomena 
of disease. 

ASSIDENTIA 8IGNA, fee Assidens. 

ASSIMILATION, Aeeimila'tio, Simila'tio, 
Appropria'tio, Bxomoio'§ie,Momoio'ei9, Thrtpeie, 
Threj^tiei : from amimilare, {ad, and suatlare,) 
'to render similar.' The act by which living 
bodies appropriate and transform into their own 
snlMtanoe matters with which they may be placed 
in eontnct 

ASSIS, Asserac 

Ab'SIUS LAPIS, A'eiue Lapi: A sort of 
stone or earth found near the town of Assa in 
the Tread, which had the property of destroying 
proud flesh. 

ASSODES, Asodes. 

ASSOUPiaSBMEIfT, Somnolency. 

ASSOURON, see Myrxu Pimento 


A8SULA, SpUnt 

ASSULTUS, Attack. 

ASSUMPTIO, Prehension. 

Caacromm ohelss. 


A6TAKILL0S, Araneum uleus. 

ABTAJLZOF. Aa ointoMDV eompoaed of li- 

tharge, frog's spawn, Ac. Also, camphnr, di^ 
solred in rose water. — Paracelsus. 

ASTASIA, Dysphoria. 


AsTEB CoBDXFOLius, Htart-Uavtd After, As 
Punieeus, Bough-etemmtd Aeter, and other indi- 
genous species, Ord«r Compoeitsa, possess aro- 
matic properties. 

AsTBB Dtsentebicvb, Inula dysenteriea — a. 
Heort-leared, A. cordifolius — a. Helenium, Inula 
Helenium — a. InguioaUs, Eryngium campeetra 
— a. Officinalis, Inula helenium. 

AsTBR, RouaH-STBiiicED, A. Punlcous — a. 
Undulatus, Inula dysenteriea. 

ASTE'RIA GEMMA, Aete'rine, Aatroi'ie; A^^ 
trioe, Aetrob'olus, The ancients attributed ima- 
ginary rirtues to this stone, — that of dispersing 
Jfmvi Materni, for example. 

ASTERIAS LUTEA, Gentiana lutea. 


ASTHBNES, Infirm. 

ASTHENI'A, Vie imminu'ta, from a, priv., 
and e^evet, 'force,' 'strength.' Want of strength, 
debility. (F.) AffaiblieeemenL Infirmity. A 
word used in Uiis sense by G^en, and employed, 
especially by Brown, to designate debility of the 
whole economy, or diminution of the vitiJ forces. 
He distinguished it into (Street and indirect : the 
former proceeding from diminution of stimuli; 
the latter from exhaustion of incitabllity by the 
abuse of stimuli. 

AsTBBNiA DEGLrnnoiaB, Pharyngoplegia — a. 
Pectoralis, Angina Pectoris. . 

ASTHENICOPYRA, Ferer, adynamic. 

ASTHENICOPTRETUS, Fever, adynamic 

ASTHENOPIA, Debil'itae vtXU, CF.) Affair 
bUeeement de la Vue, from a, pn^.y fftfcver, 
'strength.* and ui//, 'the eyo.' Weakness of 
sight; Weak-eightedneee. 

ASTHENOPYRA, Fever, adynamic. Typhus. 

ASTHENOPYRETUS, Fever, adynamic. 

ASTHMA, from av9/ia, 'laborious breathing;* 
frvm ««, 'I respire.' A, epae'tieum adulto'rumf 
A, Senio'rum, A, Convulei'vum, A, epae'tieum tn- 
temUt'tene, Dyepnae'a et orthopnce'a eonvuhi'va. 
Malum Cadu'eum pnlmo'num, JSroken-teindedneee, 
Nervoue aethma, (F.) Aethme, A, nerveux, Diffi" 
culty of breathing, recurring at intervals, accom- 
panied with a wheesing sound and sense of con- 
striction in the chest ; cough and expectoration. 

Asthma is a chronic disease, and not curable 
with facility. Excitant and narcotic antispas- 
modics are required. 

There are no pathognomonic physical signs of 
asthma. In some cases, the respiration is uni- 
versally puerile during the attack. In the spas- 
modic form, the respiratory murmur is very feeble 
or absent during the fit; and in all forms percas- 
sion elicits a clear pulmonary sound. The disease 
generally consists in some source of irritation, and 
occasionally, perhaps, in paralysis of the pneu- 
mogastric nerves, Bronehopetraly'eie, Paraly'eie 
nervi vagi in parte thor€te"iea, more frequently 
of the former — all the phenomena indicating 
constriction of the smaller bronchial ramifica- 
tions. The treatment is one that relievos spas- 
modic action — ^narcotics, counter-irritants, change 
of air, Ac. 

Asthma Acu'tuv, of Millar, A, epae'tieum m- 
fan'tum, Ognan'ehi Traehea*lie epaemod'ieOf (F.) 
Aethme aigu. Probably, spasmodie croup. (?) 
See Asthma Thymicum. 

Asthma Abbium, Pneumothorax — a. A^'rium 
ab Emphysemate Pulmonam, Emphysema of the 
Lungs — a. Arthritioum, Angina Pectoris. 

Asthma, Cardiac Dyspnoea dependent upon 
diseaao of the heart 




AsTHVi. CorrcLsrvuic, Angina pectoris— r a. 
Diapliragmaticnniy Angina PectoriB — a. Dolori- 
flcam, Aogina pectoris — a. Emphysematioam, 

AsTQUA, QRi.vDERs'y Ortudtr^ Rot, The ag- 

Eegate of functional phenomena, indaced by the 
halation of particles thrown off daring the 
operation of grinding metallic instmments, Ac. 
The structural changes induced are enlargement 
of the bronchial tubes, expansion of the pulmo* 
nary tissue, and phthisis. 

AsTHUA Gypseuh, A. palTomlentnm — a. Hay, 
Fever, hay. 

Asthma Hu'miduii, Humid, Oommofi, or <S||pif- 
ting asthma J is when the disease is accompanied 
with expectoration. It is also called A. humo' 
ra'lif A. ^atuhn'tum, A, pneumon'icum, BUnno- 
tko'rax chron'icu9, <fco. 

Asthma Infantum, Cynanche trachealis — a. 
Infantum Spasmodicum, A. Thymicum — a. Kop- 
pian. A. Thymicum — a. Laryngeum Infantum, 
A. Thymicum — a. Montanum, A. pnlverulentum 
—a. Nervous, Asthma — a. Nocturnum, Incubus. 

Asthma PrLVSRULBN'riTH, A. gyp'teum, A. 
montn'num. The variety of asthma to which 
millers, bakers, grinders and others are subject. 

Asthma Siccux, so called when the paroxysm 
is sudden, violent, and of short duration ; cough 
slight, and expectoration scanty ; spasmodic con- 

Asthma Spastico-Arthriticux Ixgokstaks, 
Angina pectoris — a. Spasticum Infantum, A. 

Asthma Thy'micuk, A. T. Kop'pii, A. tpcu'ti' 
eum in/ixn'tuiiif A. in/an'tum «pa«mo'^iciim, T'Ay- 
ma«fA'//(a, Cynan'cki trachta'lu tpatmod'iea, 
Spa*mu9 glot'tidit, Atthma laryngeum in/an!- 
tunif A, intermit' ten9 in/an'tum, A. Dentien'tium, 
A. period' icum acu'tum, Kqppian A»thma, Thymic 
Aifthmaf Larynfjia'mn» itrid'ulut, Laryngo-itpat- 
mut, Apnir'a in/an'tum, Spaam of the larynx, 
Spaam of the (jlottia, Croup-like inspiration 0/ in- 
/ants, Child-crowing, Spasmodic croup, Pseudo- 
croup^ Spu'rious croup, Cer'ebral croup, Su/^/ocat- 
itig nervous catarrh, (F.) Laryngite striduleuse, 
faux Group, Pseudo-croup nerveux, Spasme de la 
Olotte et du Thorax. A disease of infants, cha- 
racterized by suspension of respiration at inter- 
Tals ; j;reat difficulty of breathing, especially on 
waking, swallowing, or crying ; ending often in a 
fit of suffocation, with convulsions. The patho- 
logy of the disease has been supposed to consist 
in an enlargement of the thymus gland, or of 
the glands of the neck pressing on the pneumo- 
gastric nerves. (?) The ear, on auscultation, at a 
distance from the chest, detects an incomplete, 
acute, hissing inspiration, or rather cry ; whilst 
the expiration and voice ar* oroupal, both at the 
accession and termination of the paroxysm. The 
heart's action has been observed to be distinct 
and feeble. 

These symptoms are often accompanied by ri- 

g'dity of the fingers and toes ; the thumb being 
equently drawn forcibly into the palm of the 
clenched hand, whence the name Oarpo-pedcU 
(tpasm, applied, at times, to the disease. 

Asthma Tyi'icum. Asthma characterised by 

Asthma Uteri, Hysteria — a. Weed, Lobelia 

ASTIIMAT'ir, Asthmat'ieus, Pnoocdyfieu^, 
Affected with asthma. Relating to asthma. 

ASTHME AIGU, Asthma acutum— a. Ner- 
veux., Asthma. 

AS'TOMUS, from a, privative, and crofia, 'a 
month.' One without a month. Pliny speaks 
of a people in India without months^ who live 
QgJuUUu et odare I 

ASTRAGALS COL IT, CoUam astragali 

gains exscapus. 

ASTRAQ'ALUS, Talus, the AnkU, Qva'trut, 
Quar'tio, Quater'nio, Diah'ehos, Peza, Cavi^ulOf 
Cavil'la, Tetro'ros, As'trion, Os Ballist'a, from 
aoTpayaXos, * a die,' which it has been considered 
to resemble. ^?) A short bone situate at the su- 
perior and middle part of the tarsus, where it if 
articulated with the tibia. It is the ankle hon§, 
s/ifio bone, or Jirst bone o/the/oot. The anterior 
surmce is convex, and has a well-marked promi- 
nence, supported by a kind of neck, and benoe 
has been called the head 0/ the astragalus. The 
astragalus is developed by two points of ossifica- 

Astrao'alus Exs'capxjs, Astragalox'de$ ly- 
philit'ica, StemUss Milk-vetch, (F.) Astragale d 
gousses velus. Nat, Ord, Leguminosse. Seat, 
Sytt, Diadelphia Decandria. The root is said to 
have cured confirmed syphilis. 

Astrag'alus Trag acanthus, setf Tragacanth. 

AsTRAo'ALrs Verus, Spina hirei, Astrag*ah$ 
cusulea'tus, Goat's thorn, Jiilk-vetch, The plant 
which affords Gum Trag'aeanth, See Trag»- 

ASTRANTIA, Imperatoria — a. Diapensia, Sa- 

AS'TRAPE, Corusea'tio, FuJgur, Fulmen, 
Lightning, Qalen reckons it amongst the re- 
mote causes of epilepsy. 

ASTRIC'TION, Astric'tio, Stypsis, AdstriefHo* 
Cfonstric'tio, from astrtngere, {wl and stri%»gere,} 
'to constringe.' Action of an astringent sub- 
stance on the animal economy. 

ASTRICTORIA, Astringents. 

ASTRINGENT ROOT, Comptonia asplenl- 

ASTRINGENTS, Astringen'tia, Adstricto'riop 
Adstringen'tia, Stryphna, Catastal'tica, Constrinm 
gen'tia, Contrahen'tia, Stegno'tica, Syncrit'ica, 
Astricto* ria. Same etymon. Medicines which 
have the property of constringing the organic 
textures. External astringents are called Styp* 

The following are the chief astringents : Aci- 
dum Snlphuricum, A. Tannicum, Alumen, Ar- 
gent! Nitras, Catechu, Creasoton, Cupri Sul- 
phas, Tinct. Ferri Chloridi, Liquor Ferri, Nitra- 
tis, Ferri Sulphas, Gallee, Htematoxylon, Kino, 
Krameria, Liquor Calcis, Plumbi Acetas, Quorcuf 
Alba, Quercus Tinctoria, Zinci Sulphas, 

ASTRION, Astragalus. 

ASTRIOS, Astoria gemma. 

ASTROBLES, from aarfov, 'a star,' and /JoXXiiu 
' I strike.' Ono struck by the stars (sidtra'tus,) 
One who is in a state of sideration — in an apo- 
plectic state. — Gorrseos. 

ASTROBOLIS'MUS, Heli'asis, miio'sts; 
same etymology. Sidera'tion or action of the 
stars on a person. Apoplexy. — Theophrastui^ 

ASTROBOLOS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROITIS, Asteria gemma. 

ASTROL'OGY, Astrolog"ia, from aaroov, 'a 
star,' and \oyof, * a discourse.' The art of divin- 
ing by inspecting the stars. This was formerly 
considered to be a part of medicine; and was 
called Judicial Astrology, to distinguish it from 

ASTRON'OMY, Astronom'ia, from acrpov, 'a 
star,' and yofio(, *a law,' *rule.' A science which 
makes known the heavenly phenomena, and the 
laws that govern them. Hippocrates places Uiia 
and astrology amongst the necessary studies af 
a physician. 

ASTRUTHIUM, Imperatoria. 

ASTYPHIA, Impotence. 




ASTTSIA, ImpoteDot. 

ASUAR, MTTobalaniu Indiofti 

ASULCI, I^pis UzalL 

ASTKODIA, Impotence. 

ATACT03, ErniUc. 

ATARACTAPOIE'SIA, Ataraetoplte'na, from 
«, prirative, ropcxrvf, 'troabled/ and xotuv, 'to 
buJeo.* Intrepidity, firmness ; a quality of which, 
accordiils to Hippocrates, the physician ongbt to 
be possessed in the highest degree. 

ATARAX'IA, from «, privatiye, and rapo^itf 
'trouble/ * emotion.' Moral tranquillity, peace 
of mind. 

AT'AVISM, from atactu, 'an old grandsire or 
ancestor, indefinitely.' The case in which an 
anomaly or disease, existing in a family, is lost 
Sn one generation and reappears in the following. 

ATAX'IA, from m, privatiTe, and rm^ttf 'order.' 
IMsorder, irregularity. Hippocrates employs the 
word in its moft extensive acceptation. Qalen 
applies it, especially, to irregularity of pulse; 
and Sydenham speaks of Ataxia Spiritnum for 
disorder of the ncryoos system. Ataxia, now, 
■snally means the state of disorder that charac- 
terixes nenrous ferers, and Uie nenrous condition. 

Ataxia Spikituum, Nervous diathesis. Bee 

ATAX'IC. Atax'ieiu ; lamo etymon. Having 
the characters of ataxia. 

ATCilAR, A'chia, Aekar, A condiment used 
la India. It is formed of green fruite of various 
kinds, — garlic, ginger, mustard, and pimento, 
pickled in vinegar. 

ATECNIA, SteriUtas. 

ATELECTASIS, from mr^fiu 'imperfect, de- 
Ibetive,' and ocrairif, 'dilatation.' Imperfect ex- 
pansion or dilatation ; as in 

Atelb(/tasis PuLMo'xuif, J^neumotuxtelteUa' 
aU, PneumateUi^taaU, Imperfect expansion of 
the lungs at birth, from arcAi^f, ' imperfect,' and 
mcrmmit 'dilatation.' Giving rise to Cyano'tU 

AT'ELES^ ttTtXnf, 'imperfect, defective.'— 

ATELOCHEI'LIA, from artXrif, 'imperfect,' 
and x'^Xof, 'lip.' A malformation which con- 
sists in an imperfect development of the lip. 

ATELOBNCEPHAL'IA, from artXns, 'imper- 
leet,' and <y«<^Aov, ' the encephalon.' State of 
{aperfect development of the brain. — Andral. 

ATELOGLOS'SIA, from areXns, 'imperfect,' 
and yXtawa, 'tongue.' A malformation which 
consists in an imperfect development of the 

ATELOGNA'THIA, from arcXijf, 'imperfect,' 
•ad 7vaO0(, 'the jaw.' A malformation which 
eoof ists in an imperfect development of the jaw. 

ATELOMYEL'IA, from mrtXits, 'imperfect,' 
aad ^vtXoi. 'marrow. State of imperfect deve- 
lopment of the spinal marrow. — B^clard. 

ATELOPROSO'PIA, from areXnft 'imperfect,' 
and irf9c^w9Vf 'the face.' A malformation which 
oonsii'M in imperfect development of the face. 

ATELORACUIDIA, Hydrorachis. 

ATELOSTOM'IA, from artXtit, * imperfect,' 
and 0To^a, 'mouth.' One whose mouth is im- 
perfectly dewloped. 

ATER 8UCCU8, Atrabilis. 

ATHAMAN'TA, from Athamas, a place in 
Thessaly. A genus of plants. 

Athaji AXTA Air!n7A, A. Cr^nsis. 

Atraxan'ta Aubeoseli'nux, OreoteK'nnm, 
0. Ugi^imum sen nt^rttut, Seli'nvm ortoteWnnnt, 
Ptmeed'anum oreo9eli*num, Avium monta^num, 
jBloeik Mountain Par§leiff (F.) Perfil de Mon- 
fayne. The plant, seed and roots, are aromatic. 
It haa been considered attonaaa^ aperieo^ deoh' 

stment, aad lithontripie. The distilled oil haf 
been used in toothach. 

Athahan'ta CRBTKir'sra sen Crett'ca, A. an'" 
««a, Libano'tit annna sen Crtten'tit sen hirtu'ta^ 
Daueut Oreticut; D. Candia'mttf Myrrkit an'nva^ 
Candy Oarrot, The seeds of this plant are acrid 
and aromatic They have b^n used as carmina- 
tives and diuretics. 

Athavanta Macbdohtca, Bubon Maocdoni- 
cum — a. Meum, iEthusa meum. 

ATHANASIA, Tanaoetum. 

Athana'sia, from a, privaUve, and Savanf, 
'death.' An antidote for diseases of the liver, 
jaundice, gravel, Ac. It consisted of safiron, 
cinnamon, lavender, cassia, myrrh, juncus odo- 
ratus, honey, Ac, and was esteemed to be sudo- 

ATHARA, Athera. t 

ATHELAS'MUS, from a, prtrative, and $fihi, 
'a breast or nipple.' Impracticability of giving 
suck ; from want of nipple or otherwise. 

ATHELXIS, Sucking. 

ATHE'NA. Name of a plaster, recommendod 
by Asclepiades, and composed of oxide of copper, 
sublimed oxide of zinc, sal ammoniac, verdigris^ 
gall nuts, and a variety of resinous and other in- 
gredients. — Oribaflius, Ad'tius, and P. ^gineta. 

composed of myrrh, pepper, castor, and opium ; 
used to allay coughing. — Celsns. 

ATHE'RA, Atha'ra, from aBnpf 'an ear of 
com.* A kind of pap for children : also, a kind 
of liniment — Dioscorides, Pliny. 


ATHERO'MA, from a^pa^ ' pap or pulp/ En- 
phji'ma ency^ti* atkero'tnOf MoUut'eumf Pulta'tio, 
A tumour formed by a cyst containing matter 
like pap or Btntillie. 

ATUEKOM'ATOUS, Athertmato'det. Having 
the nature of Atheroma. 

ATHLE'TA, from a^Xo(, 'combat' AthletSB 
were men who exercised themselves in combat 
at the public festivals. — Vitruvius. 

ATKLET'IC, Athlet'ieut; concerning AtkUtm. 
Strong in muscular powers. — Foi»siu8. 

ATHORACOCEPHALUS. Acephalogaster. 

ATURIX, At'richut ; from a, privative, and 
Opi(, rpi;|^of, 'hair.' Bald. One who has lost his 

Arnnix Depilis, Alopecia. 

ATHYM'IA, An'imi de/ee'tut tt anxi'eta^, 
An'imi demit'tio^ Tri»tit"ia, Maror, Lypi, from 
a, priv., and ^vitot, 'heart,' 'courage.' Des- 
pondency. The prostration of spirits often ob- 
servable in the sick. — Hippocrates. Melancholy. 
— Swedianr. See Panophobia. 

Athtmia Pleoitectica, see Pleonectica. 

ATHTRION, Asplenium ceteraoh. 

filix fccmina — a. Filix mas, Polypodium filix mas 
— a. Molle, Asplenium filix foemina — a. Ovatum, 
Asplenium filix foemina — a. Trifidum, Asplenium 
filix foemina. 

ATLANTAD, see Atlantal. 

ATLAN'TAL; same etymon as Atlas, Re- 
lating or appertaining to the atlas. 

Atlantal Aspect. An aspect towards the 
region where the atlas is situated. — Barclay. 
Atiantad is used by the same writer to s'gniff 
' towards the atlantal aspect' 

Atlantal Extremities. The upper liirbs. 


ATLAS, Ailan'tiofif from arXaUf 'I sustain. 
The fivt cervical ver'tehra / so called, from its 
supporting the whole weight of the head, as 
AUas is said to have supported the globe on bli 
Bhoulden. Chanssier calls it AtloicL T^ t«« 




-tebra in no resp^ot re^embleB tlie ot2i«rs. It u 
a kind of irregular ring, into whiohi anteriorly, 
the pracemua dentahu of the second vertebra is 
rtoeivcd. Posteriorly, it gives passage to the 
tuedulla spinalis. 

A T L 1 D '0 - AXOID, (F.) Atloido-axoidien, 
Belaling to both tl|e Atlas and the Axis or Ver- 
tebra Dcntata. 

Atloido-axoid Articulation. The artioala- 
tion between the first two cervical vertebrsB. 

Atloido-Axoid Lio'amexts. These are two 
in number ; one anUrior and another po^erior, 
passing between the two vertebne. 

ATLOID'O-OCCIFITAL. Relating to the 
atlas and occiput. The Atloido-oecip'Ual Arti- 
euia'tion is formed by the condyle^ of the occi- 
pital bone and the superior articular surfaces of 
the Atlas. The Atlcido-occipital muscle is the 
Beotus capitis posticus minor. 

superior oculi — a. Sou^-oeeipiude, Rectus capitis 

ATMIATRI'A, Atmtdtat'riei, from at/it, 'va- 
pour/ and tarptta, 'treatment.' Treatment of 
diseases by fumigation. 


ATMISTERION, Vaporarium. 

ATMOS, Breath. 

- * AT'MOSPIIERE, AtmoapJw^ra, from ar/iof, 
^vapour/ and v^atfu, 'a sphere:' — as it were. 
Sphere c/ vapour; The atmosphere is a sphe- 
rical mass of air, surrounding the earth in every 
part ; the height of which is estimated at 15 or 
10 leagues. It presses on the sur&ce of the 
earth, and this pressure has, necessarily, sensible 
effects on organized bodies. The surface of the 
human body being reckoned at 15 square feet» it 
is computed that a prensure of 33.000 pounds or 

IliUiv c.ktoio uiiucl v/lu.ii4*u^ Ci^'cluUoLUlCi^S j ttod 

this proAsure cannot be increased or diminished 
materially, without modifying the circulation and 
all the functions. 


ATOCIA, Storilitis. 

ATOL'MIA, from «, priv., and roX^tOy 'confi- 
dence.' Want of confidence; discouragement. 
A state of mind, unfavourable to health, and in- 
jurious in disease. It is the antithesis of Et^ 

ATONIA, Atony— a. Ventriculi, Gasterasthe- 

AT'ONY, Attm'ia, Infir^mita* et Bemtt'Ho W- 
rium, Lamfuort Lax'ttcu, from a, priv., and revec, 
/tone,' 'force.' Want of tone. Weakness of 
every organ, and particularly of those that are 
contractile. Violent gastritis has been described 
by Scribonius Largus under a similar name, 
Ato¥ov, At'onon. 

ATRABIL'IARY, AtrabiViom, Atrabtlia'rin, 
Atrabih'o' »ii9, from ater, 'black,' and bili§, 'bile.* 
An epithet given by the ancients to the melan- 
eholio and hypochondriac, because they believed 
the Atrabilis to predominate in such. 

Atrabiliart CAPStTLRS, ARTERIES and Veins. 
The renal capsules, arteries and veins ; the for- 
mation of Atrabilis having 'been attributed to 

ATRABI'LIS, same etymon, Ater tticeiM, 
Black BiJe or meUuncholy, According to the an- 
dents, a thick, black, acrid humour, secreted, in 
the opinion of some, by the pancreas; in Uiat 
of others, by the supra-renal capsules. Hippo- 
crates, Gkilen, Aetius, and others, ascribe great 
influence to the Atrabilis in the production of 
hypochondriasis, melancholy, and mania. There 
la really no raoh humour. It was an imaginary 
•ruation — ^Ar^ t«n% Rofos of Ephesns, Ac 

ATRAC HE LOCEP^'ALUS, from c, ptir.» 
rpaj(rikoit 'neck,' and irc^oXv, 'head.' A monftar 
whube neck is partially or wholly deficient. 

ATRACHE'LUS. Same etymon. One who it 
very short-necked. — Qalen. 

pj'neut, Ixine, Oummy^rooted Atraeiylitf Pitm 
Tkittle, The root, when wounded, yields a 
milky, viscid juice, which eoncretes into tena- 
cious masses, and is said to be chewed with tlM 
same views as mastich. 

ATRAGENE, Clematis vitalba. 

ATRAMEN'TUM, A. Suto'rium, /ni, CaUMW^* 
then, (F.) Encre, It has been advised as an as^ 
tringent, and as an external application in her* 
petic affections. 

Atramentdv SuTORinv, Ferri sulphas. 

ATRESIA, Adherence, Imperforation. 8ae 

Atrb'sia Ani Adka'ta, Anut Imper/ora'tv*, 
Imper/ora'tio ani, (F.) Imper/orcUion de Fanu§, 
C«»ngenital imperforation of the intestinal canaL 

ATRETISMUS, Imperforation. 

ATRETOCEPH'ALUS, fr^m arfinnt, 'imfMr- 
forate,' and Kt^aX^, 'head.' A monster, in which 
some of the natural apertures of the head an 
wanting. — Gurit. 

ATRETOCOR'MUS, from arpnrt, 'imperfo- 
rate,' and v»fv*(, ' trunk.' A monster in which 
the natural apertures of the trunk are wanting.-— 

ATRE'TUS, from a, priv., and rpav, 'I per- 
forate.' Imper/ora'tuMf Imptr'forate, One whosa 
anus, or parts of generation, are imperforate 

AT'RICES. Small tumours, which appear oo- 
casionally around the anus. Some commentaton 
consider the word to be synonymous with con- 
dylomata. — Forestus. 

ATRICHIA, Alopecia. 

ATRICHUS, Athrix. 

AT'RICI. Small sinuses in the vicinity of tht 
anus, not penetrating the rectum. 

ATRIPLEX F(ETIDA, Chenopodium vnl. 

Atriplex noRTEif'sig, A. Sati'voy (F.) Ar- 
roehe, Bonne Dame. The herb and seed of this 
plant have been exhibited as antiscorbutics. 

At'n'plex al'imu9f A, PoriulaeoVdea, and A. 
Pafukif are used as pickles, and have similar 

At'riplex Mexicaka, Chenopodium ambn>> 
sioides — a. Odorata, Chenopodium botrys — a. 
Olida, Chenopodium vulvaria. 

cordis — a. Cordis sinistrum. Sinus pulmonalis— - 
a. VaginsB, Vestibulum. 

AT'ROPA, from Arporof, 'immutable,' 'tht 
goddess of destiny;' so called from its fatal 

Atropa Bellador'na, Belladon'na, B, 6aa- 
cifera sen trickoi'oma, Deadly Nightthade, Sola'm 
ft urn letha'li, Sota'nnm mant'acMm, <S'. Fun'o'tnmf 
Sola'num melanocer'atu*, (F.) BelUtdone, MortU€ 
fwrieuw, Belle Dame, Nat. Ord, SolanesB. iS'ex. 
Sif8t. Tetrandria Monogj'nia. Tba leaves — Bel- 
ladonna fPh. U. S.) are powcrfrilly narcotic, and 
also diaphoretic, and diuretic. They are occa- 
sionally used where narcotics are indicated. 
Sprinkling the powdered leaves over cancerous 
sores has been fotlbd to allay the pain ; and the 
leaves form a good poultice. Dose, gr. ^ to gr. j 
of the powdered leaves. 

Atropa Mandrag'ora, Mandrag'ora^ M. ver* 

na'li9 seu ojfficinaUia seu acau'litf Oirca'a, Antkro^ 

I pomorpk'uMf Malum ttrr^'tri, Iiandrals€, Thjl 

ATROPHIA, Amphy, Tsbet — &. AbliuiUtn- 
mm, Btaab, veaolng — >. Orsbri, Flirt n»tropb La 
~-«. Cwdii, Ilout. mtraphy or the — A. tiliuidula^ 
It*. Tab« mcHDUricn — >. Hfp»U», IlopaUlro- 
[ihia — ». InfutuDi, Psdatropbia, Tn.het niaKn- 
ixrisa^ — ■. Inleitiaonini, EalentropbiL 

AiBorHU LicTin'TiCH, Taiia uHiri'mn ten 
•u'Ma. The atropbj ot nunitig wamcn. 

Anoratt Lucnu, SpleoMroiibia — l Meacn- 
hrica, Tabaa mCKaUrlca— a. Teiliculi, Oroblda- 

A TK OPBIE, Atrophy— a, ir&ca«rigiip,Tiibe. 

ATROPHIED, lee Atrophy. 
ArROPBY, Jfanu-ntu Atro-jAit, 

co'mi, Aitalo'ti; from a, privitive, and Tftfn, 
'aoaiiihiBent.' (7.) Atrophic, lit— icksaii " " 

u'nu Alra'phia, Aln/pitc 
CaiUabtti^Tii'lla, Tabtt, ilnr 


M whieh ibtty 

tiw «lial« body « 

a pan. 

jophy u 

affcf l«d U laiil ia be alnj^i>dl 

Athopbt o» th« Hsakt, aoe Hsirl, itrophy 

AT'ROPDJE, Alropi'na, Alra'pia, Atro' 




«f Atnpa lrTlIai<D»a<t, Hpanted bji Snuiili^ti by 
k BWP»M rimilBr to tW [or pronuisg morphia. 

JTTACffS, InMitiOD. 

ATTACK, /aWiM, JwHi'lM, ftr-ip-n-o. /i.™'. 
■u. £u'i>>/«, LeptiM, (F.) XifagiH. A ndden 
■Mark, inracion or oii»l of a diioue, / euiiuTB. 


ATTAOKS, Aftaa-u, the Fra.-cBl!,.. Ccle- 
kaMd with the aocionli buih a* food and mciii' 
•in A. — XaitJkU Arittophvies. 


X i^^^ i-afc.- in yi^uiij, J. .■.;„. , Ij 

CbaapacD*; abonl llim leagnta north nf Join- 
*ill». file water ia a chalyboats, aod contntoi 
fahibale of lime. In large doeei il ii pnrgatiTB. 

iTTAQUe, Attack — a. da Her/,, Nsrvous 

ATTSLLB, gpUnt. 

In Baram. The water coataini earbonlo afid, 
eubnoaiei ot lime and loJa. aulpfaaleii of lima 
and iBagae:tia, chloride of codiam, irun, and alum. 
It il maeh lued in akin diicuea, flttula, ulil nt- 
cera, ei^eali, mi bemorrhaida. 

ATTKN'DASTS, Au«>>.-.'Ua, I«,«»a'l.«, 
(T.) LtfivMiqitcm, from /mutt, ' thin." Mcdieinas 
«yih aoiment the fluidity of the humoura. 

ATTKXUA'TIOM, Aiteaw>'i»; aame etymon. 
Thhniea^ (maeiation. A term aaod by the ho- 
ntMpalhuIa in the feniB of dilulioa or dlviaiou 
otnaedita into inSaltei 

JTr/«,1jrr. Attrahr 

ArTITDDE, Sliu. Cor'jKrU. Low Latin, 
Bpiiiajo/ tnm IMin apinrt, 'to Bt' Sltnatir 
pixiliDQ ef tb* body. Th* a ~ 
ftnni jKtatarea wbich mac i^ 
iq^- Id Omeral Pathotoffj/^ 
ofUn enahle the phyaician u> proaoocee at on 
vpoa llie characler of a diaeue, or It will aid hi 
BateriallyiDbiaJadgiDenL In gC Titua'a dur 
In fraetom, lnia,Iiani, Ac, it !• the great inde 
IE iriU also indleaU the degree of Derroua 
(crebtal pover; beoce the linking doitn in b 
b an evidence of great cerebral debility '~ ''~ 

ATTUtWHEUENT, Maaturbatinn. 

lion, force oC . 

ATTKACTIVDM, eee Uagnet 

ATTRACT IV US, Attrahent. 



AT'TIHUENT, At'trak»i>, Attraai'»m 
roc lo-riM, tram ad. • to,* and froAo, • I dr»W. 
V.)Miratli/,Aniranl. Remediei 
>hich attract fluids to the parU 
uo applied, a* blietera, mbefacienla, sc. 

IB rented by a PrODoh tatgeoD, eolled Bj^nnaiae, 
and a»ed in the operation for heruU. Bee Bit- 
ouri each j. 


ATT BIT 10, Attiicion, Ohadng. 

ATTBIT"ION, Aurifia, SHhllm'ma. from 
id, and iirrro, ■ to brula*.' FrioUon or bminng. 
Chafing. — Oalan. Alan, a kind of lUirdiaigia. — 
onnertaa. Likewiie, a Violent soDtoaiun. 

ATTBITUa, Chafing, 

ATYP'IC, Aijiffit^; Ai'gpot, from ■, priT«- 
ra, and nwnt, 'typo-' Tbal vbiob haa no type. 
Irre^lar. Chiefly applied Is m irregnlu intei- 
nitlent,— /'•Aru nlypita. 

ATVP03. Erratic, 

AUASSrS, Drjing. 

AUAN'TB, ■■ ■ - 

■seare tbie nune lo a dlau 
the principal tymptom of wbieh wai cmaaiali 

S ;"Z..7- TiaXE, CleiBOlid rilalbi. 
AUSiPINE, Mespilna oiyacantha. 
AVSESQI.VE, Sulanum Melongena. 
AUBIFOIS, Cyanna aagetum. 
AtrCUES, Collum. 
ArCHENOBRIIEUMA, Tottlcoliifc 
AUCUE'TICltB, fromaoxw, 'Iboneek.* ( 
reeled with stifT noek or toiticollia, 
AtlDE, Voice. 

nan ia ailnate in the department of Arri# 
ranoe. The water oontAina a amall quani 
' anlphohydrio acid, carhoni " ' ' 

Lrt^tor Aarw, Sapt'riar A>n>, AUoCIeM Ai 

Temp. 87° FaJir. 
it, IS maon nsoa m cnromo rheumatitm, herpet, 
aerofiilDDB dlfteaaeiT, Ao. 

AUDIT"ION, from aadin, 'to hear;' 
Auiif'io, Andi'tuf, A'eot, Ar.ri/ama, Am-'arii, 
Acot'iii, Acu'm. Hearing. Theaet of henriDg, 
The BODeatiea aridog from an imprnaloo made 
on tbe andltoiy nerraa by the vlbratlona of tlie 
ttir, prndnred by a eonoruaa body. The phyai- 
ology of Anditlon i> obneure. It probably lakee 
place :— I. By the vibrationa bring oommunicaled 
from the membrana tympani along the chain of 

orale. 3. By meana of tbe air in the CBvlty of 

rotOBdnm ia agitated. 3. The tranimja^iion may 
be made by means of the bony paricton. In 
theae three waya the ribrutiona pr.-'durcd hy a 
eouoroua body may reach the audiury narre. 
Audition may be neliei or pmirt : hence the 

AU'DITORY, Auditt/na,, Aurf.'tV™, Jdw*- 
He»t. That which relate! to andiUoQ. 

Apditokt ARTEniEB AND Vniiia, U« *UM\l 
wbicb enter the auditory (wtale, ani. b 




them, diaUngniBhed into infernal sad extemaL 
The external auditory artery, A. Tympaniqme — 
(Gh.) is given off by the ityloid, a branch of the 
external carotid : the internal is a branch of the 
basilary artery, which accompanies Uie auditory 
nerve, and is distributed to it. The Auditory 
Vein* empty into the internal and external ju- 

Auditory Canal, External, Mea'tue audita^- 
rim erter'nue, Alvea'rium, Scnpka, Seaphue, (F.) 
Conduit auditi/ erteme, Conduit avrieulaire, 
commences at the bottom of the concha, at the 
Fora'men auditi'vum extcr'nunif passes inwards, 
forwards, and a little downwards, an#terminates 
at the membrana tympani. It is partly cartilagi- 
nous, partly osseous, and partly fibrous. 

Auditory Canal. Internal, J/ea'tue audito'- 
rtu« inter^Mte, Porue seu Sinua aeu^ticue, Cyar, 
(F.) Conduit auditi/ iiifeme, C, labyrintkique, is 
situate in the posterior surface of Uie pars pe- 
trosa of the temporal bone. From the Fora'men 
auditi'vum inter'num, where it commences, it 
passes forwards and outwards, and terminates 
by a kind of cul-de-eaCf macula eribro'ta, perfo- 
rated by many holes, one of which is the orifice 
of the Aqua^ductus Fallopii ; and the others com- 
municate with the labyrinUi. 

Auditory Nbrvx, Nerf lalyrintkique — (Ch.) 
is the Portio Mollie of the seventh pair. It 
arises from the corpus resttforme, from Uie floor 
of the fourth ventricle, and by means of white 
•triss, from the sides of the calamus scriptorius. 
As it leaves the encephalon, it forms a flattened 
cord, and proceeds with the facial nerve through 
the foramen auditivum internum, and as far as 
the bottom of the meatus, where it separates from 
the facial, and divides into two branches, one 
going to the cochlea, the cochlear ; the oUier to 
the vestibule and semi-circular canals, the ve&ti- 

AUGE, AVv&ue, Some of the older anatomists 
gave this name to a reservoir, into which liquids 
flow in an interrupted manner, so that it is alter- 
nately full and empty. Such are the ventricles 
and auricles of the heart. 

AUG MENTA'TION, from an^ere, < to increase ;' 
Augmen'tum, Ineremen'tuntf Anafaei*, Auc'tio, 
Auxia, Progree'eiOf Progree'eue, Auxe^eie, The 
Stage of a disease in which the symptoms go on 

AULISCUS, Ctaula. See Fistula. 

AULOS, Canula, Fistula. See Vagina, and 

male is a town of Upper Normandy, in the coun- 
try of Caux. Several springs of ferruginous 
mineral waters are found there, whose odour is 

Senetrating, and taste rough and astringent, 
'hey are tonic, and employed in debility of the 
Tiscora, Ac. . 

AUNE NOIREy Rhamnns frangula. 

AUNEE, Inula helenium — a. J}y$entSrtque, 
Inula dysenterica. 

AURA, Pno9, A vapour or emanation from 
any body, surrounding it like an atmosphere. 
Van Uelmont regarded Uie vital principle as a 
gas and volatile spirit^ which he called Aura 

In Pathology f Aura means the sensation of a 
light vapour, which, in some diseases, appears 
to set out from the trunk or limbs ; and to rise 
towards the head. This feeling has been found 
to precede attacks of epilepsy and hysteria, and 
hence it has been called A«ra Epilep'tica, and 
A, hyeter'ica. 

Aura SAN'ounns. The odour exhaled by blood 
Bewly drawn. See Gas Sanguinis. 

AsBJt BBM'niii^ A, 9emi»a'li9, jS^Vthts gtni- 

ta'lis : — A volatile principle fitncied to exiii te 
the sperm, and regarded by some as the fecua • 
dating agent Such is not the ease. 
Aura Vitalis, Vital principle. 
AURANCUM, see Ovum. 
AURANITE, see Agaric. 
apples or orangee. Immature oranges, eheeka^ 
by accident, in their growth. They are a grata- 
ful, aromatic bitter, devoid of acidity. Infused 
in wine or brandy they make a good stomachie. 
They are also used for ieeue pea*. 

AuRAKTiA Curassavica, SCO Citms anrantiioi 
— a. Poma, see Citrus aurantium. 
AuRANTn CoRTXx, SCO Citrus aurantium. 
AURANTIUM, Citrus aurantium. 
AUREOLA, Areola. 

NATRII, see Gold — a. Chloridnm, Gold, mnrialt 
of — a. Chloretum, Gold, muriate of— a. Cynnidnm, 
see Gold — a. Cyanuretum, see Gold — a. lodidaniy 
see Gold — a. loduretum, see Gold — a. et Natri 
Aloruretum, see Gold-^a. Mnrias, Gold, muriate 
of — a. Nitro-muriss, see Gold — a. Oxidum, sea 
Gold — a. Terchloridum, see Gold — a. Tercyaai- 
dum, see Gold — a. Teroxidum, see Gold. 
AURICLE, Aurie'ula, (F.) AuHcuIe, OrfenU, 
Diminutive of auri*, an ear. The auricle of tha 
ear. See Pavilion. 

Auricles or trb Heart, Cavita'tea innoMJ- 
na'fte, (F.) Oreillettetf are two cavities; OM 
right, the other lefl, each communicating with 
the ventricle of its side. These two cavities ra- 
ceive the blood from every part of the bodj- 
Into the riaht auricUf the two vensD cavss and 
coronary vein open : into the lefty the four pnl* 
monary veins. Chaussier calls the former tha 
Sinua of the Vena Cava : — the latter, the Sitnm 
of the Pulmonary Veine. The foliated or dog^ 
ear portion of each auricle is called Appem'aix 
auric'uUt, See Sinus. 

Auricula Judjc, Petisa auricula-^a. Muri% 
Hieracium Pilosells^— a. Muris mi^or, HieracinM 

AURICULAIRE, see Digitus— «. PoHfrieur, 
Retrahens auris — a. Supirieur, Attollcns auren. 
AURICULAR, Aurieula'rie, Oric'ular, from 
auricula, * the ear.' That which belongs to tba 
ear, especially to the external ear. 

AuRic'uLAR Ar'terieb AND Vbinb, Onov- 
^itret — (Ch.), are divided into anterior and po^ 
terior. The anterior are of indeterminate num- 
ber. They arise from the temporal artery, and 
are distributed to the meatus auditorius extemuiy 
and to the pavilion of the ear. The poeteriof 
aurietilar is given off by the external carotid, 
from which it separates in the substance of tiia 
parotid gland. When it reaches the inferior pari 
of the pavilion of the car it bifurcates ; one of itf 
branches being distributed to the inner surfaet 
of the pavilion, the other pacing over the mas- 
toid process, and being disttributed to the tempo- 
ral and posterior auris muscles, Ac, Before iti 
bifurcation it gives off the etylo-maetoid artery. 
The Anterior and Posterior Auricular Veine opea 
into the temporal and external jugular. 

Auricular Finger, (F.) Doigt auriculaire, ii 
the littie finger, so called because, owing to its 
sixe, it can be more readily introduced into tht 
meatus auditorius. 

Auricular Nertes are several. I. The am- 
rieular branch, Zygomato-auricular, is one of 
the ascending branches of the cervical plezoiu 




It ramifiet and spreads over the two inrfkoes of | The act of exploring the chest is called Stetho^ 
the iNtTilion. 2. The auricular or »%iperfieial 
temporal^ T€mporal-cntam€ou»^-{C\i.) is given off 
frum the inferior maxillary. It ascends between 
the condyle of the jaw and the meatus aaditorius 
extemuii, sends numeroos filaments to the meatus 
and {»avilion, and divides into two twigs, which 
aceompany the branches of the tempoial artery, 
and are distributed to the integuments of the 
head. There is also a po9terior awrieular fur- 
nished by the CsciaL 

AURICULARIA SAMBUCI, Pesisa auricula. 

— a. Superior, Attollens anrem. 

A UmOULEy Auricle, Pavilion of the ear. 

9tntricula'ri9, That which belongs to the auri- 
cles and ventricles of the heart. The communi- 
cations between the auricles and ventricles are 
so called. The Triewpid and Mitral Valv€9 are 
aoricttlu-ventricular valves. 

AURI'UA. A species of bandage for the ribs, 
^ a s cri bed by Galen. See, also. Liver. 

AURIGO, Icterus — a. Neophyconun, Icterus 

AURIPIGMENTUM, Orpiment— a. Rubrum, 

AURIS, Ear. 


AURISCOP'IUM, Au'nteope, from aurts, 'the 
ear,' and n*rcM, 'I view.' An instrument for 
exploring the ear. 

AURIST, Otia'ter, Otta'tru$, Ear-doctor, Ear. 
9mryeoH ; from aurity ' the ear.' One who occu- 
pies himself ehiefly with the diseases of the ear 
and their treatment. 

Korata, Cerumen — a. Sibilus, Bombus-—a. Sonl- 
tas, Bombus — a. Sordes, Cerumen — a. Susumis, 

A (/BONE, Artembia abrotanum — a. det 
Qkamjm, Artemisia eampestris — a. de9 Jarditu, 
Artemisia abrotanum — a. MdU, Artemisia abro- 

AURUQO, Icterus. 

AURUM, Gold— a. Chloratum, Gold, mu- 
fiate of — a. Chloratum natronatnm, see Gold — a. 
IToliatam, Gold leaf— a. in Libellis, Gold leaf— a. 
Leprosum, Antimonium — a. Llmatum, see Gold 
—a. Muriatioum, see Gold — a. Muriaticum na- 
tronatnm, see Gold. 

AcBiTM Musi'vux, ^Mr«m Mom'icum, Sulph'- 
«rcf of Tin, Dtuto9ulpkuret or Peraulphuret of 
tin. {Quicknlv€r, tin, •tUpkur, $al ammoniac, 
U, equal parts. The tin being first melted, the 
qaieksUver is poured into it, and then the whole 
ase ground together, and sublimed in a boltheod. 
The aurum mnsivnm lies at the bottom.) It is 
' in some empirical preparations. 

Aurum Oxtdatuv, see Gold — a. Oxydulatum 
I, Gold, muriate of — a. Nitro-mnriati- 
I, see Gold — a. Snlitum, Gold, muriate of. 

AUS'CULTATE, TO,* from aweultart, 'to lis- 
To practise auscultation. * To autcul^ is 
ai times used with the same signification. 

ACSCULTA'TION, Auscnlta'tio, Eeho»'copi, 
aet of listening. Buisson has used it syhony- 
Bon^ly with ItMtening. Lacnnec introduced aut- 
eul'ntion to appreciate the different sounds which 
aan he heard in the chesty and in the diagnosis 
of diseases of the hearty lungs, Ac. This may 
he done by the aid of an instrument called a •te- 
Iftoseope, one extremity of which is applied to the 
•ar, the other to the chest of the patient. This 
Bode of examination is called Mediate Autculta- 
tiom, (F.) AuacuUation wUdicUe, — the application 
•f di* tmr to the chest heing immediate aueculf^ 

ecop'ia, and T horacoecop' ia ; of the abdomen^ 
A bdom inoeeop'ia. 

AUSCUL'TATORY, Aueeultato'ritu ; AuecuP. 
tory, AuecuVtie, (with some.) Belonging or hav- 
ing relation to auscultation. 

Auscultatory Prrcussion, see Acouophonia. 

AUSTERE', Aunte'rue, Substances which pro- 
duce a high degree of acerb impressiun on the 
organs of taste. 

A US Tli UCHE, Imperatoria. 

AUTALGIA DOLOROSA, Neuralgia, facial, 
Pleurodynia — a. Pruriginosa, Itching — a. Ver- 
tigo, Vertigo. 

AUTARCPA, from aoro;, 'himself/ ond apcM, 
'I am satisfied.' Moral tranquillity. — Galen. 

AUTEMES'IA, from avrof, *sclf/ and r/ir<rco 
'vomiting.' Spontaneous or idiopathic vomiting. 
— Alibert, 

AUTEMPRESMUS, Combustion, human. 

AUTUE'MERON. A medicine which cures 
on the day of its exhibition ; from wroi, * the 
same/ and 'mt^* * day.' 

AUTHYGIANSIS, Vis medicatrix natursB. 
^ AUTOCHIR, Antorhi'ru; Suici'da, from avref, 
'himself,' and x^*P* 'hand.' One who has com- 
mitted suicide. A self-murderer or suicide. 


AUTOCINE'SIS, 3/otue vohinta'nus, from 
avrof, 'self,' and Ktvt]ffts, 'motion.' Voluntary 

AUTOC'RASY, Autocrati'a, Autocrato'ria, 
fipom avTot, * himself,' and icparot, * strength.' In- 
dependent force. Action of the vital principle, 
or of the instinctive powers towards the preser- 
vation of the individual. See Vis Medicatrix Na- 
turae. Also, the vital principle. 

AUTOCRATIA, Autocraay, Vis Medicatrix 

AUTOCRATORIA, Autocrasy— a. Physiatrice, 
Vis medicatrix naturre. 


AUTOG"ENOUS; from avros, 'self/ and yn^ 
vaw, * I generate.' A term applied by Mr. Owen 
to parts or elements that are usually developed 
from distinct and independent centres ; as in the 
case of the different parts or elements that form 
a vertebra. 

AUTOGONIA, Generation, equivocal. 

AUTOLITHOT'OMUS, from avrot, 'himself/ 
Xi5*j, *a stone/ and refivciv, *to cut.' One who 
operates upon himself for the stone. 

AUTOMAT'IC, Automat' irim, Avtom'atuf, from 
avrofiares, 'spontaneous.' That which acts of itself. 
Those movements are called automatic^ which the 
patient executes without any object; apparently 
without volition being exercised: — involnutary 
motions, motue automat id seu autom'ati sen t»- 

A UTOMNA L, Autumnal. 

AUTONOM'IA, Via medicatrix natura. The 
word Autonomia is occasionally employed by the 
French and Germans for the peculiar mechanism 
of an organixed body. Thus, although individu- 
nls of the same species may differ in outward con- 
formation, their mechanism or instinctive laws, 
(Autonomia,) may be the same. 

AUTONYCTOBATIA, Somnambulism. 

AUTOPEP'SIA, from o«rof, ' self,' and iramt, 
* I concoct' Self-digestion, — as of the stomach 
after death. 

AUTOPniA. Autopsia. 

AUTOPHO'NIA, (F.) Retentieaement autopliom 
nique, from avrof, ' self,' and ^uw, * voice.' An 
auscultatory sign pointed out by M. Hourmann, 
which consists in noting the character of the ob- 
server's own voice, while he speaks with his head 
I placed dose io the patient's cheat. T\i% yovc«|\^ 




If alleged, will be modified by the condition of 
the BubjfMsent orgau. The resonance, thna heard, 
he terms retentwement autophonique. This di- 
agnostic agency Dr. R. G. tiatliam proposes to 
term heautophon'ic», 

AcTOPBoxiA, Suicide. 


AUTOPLAS'TIC, Autoplat'ticM ; from mrot, 
'self/ and xXaoriKot, 'formaUve.' Relating to 
aatopl.mstj or plastic surgery. 

AUTOPLASTICB, MorioplasUce. 

AUTOPLASTY, Morioplastice. 

AUTOP'SIA, Au'topty; from a»rof, 'himself/ 
and o\\iiSf * vision.' Autoph'ta^ Autotcop'ia, In- 
spectiou : examination by one's self; self-inspec- 
tion. Often improperly used for the following : 

Al'top'sia Cadaybr'ica, (F.) Autoptie on Oti- 
wtrture cadavirique. Attentive examination after 
death, — Examination pott mortem, Seetio Oadav'' 
trUf Difeetion^ Nee'rotcopjff Nee'rop$y, Ntero- 
tcop'iOf Neerop'tiOf Ntcrop'titf — practised for 
the purpose of investigating the causes and seat 
of an affection of which a person may have 
died, <fcc 

AuTOP'siA Cadayer'ica Lega'lis, Sec'tio ca- 
dav'eris UtfaliM, Ohduc^tio, is the examination 
after death for medico-legal purposes. 

AUTOPYROS, Syncomistos. 

AUTOSCOPIA, Autopsia. 

AU'TOSITK, from avro^, 'self/ and nrn* 
'nourishment' A single monster, capable of 
deriving nourishment from its own proper or- 
gan.«, in contradistinction to Omphalosite, 

AUTOTHERAPIA, Vis medicatrix natnrss. 

AUTUMN, Autum'nun, Phthiropo'ron, (Y,)Au- 
tomne. One of the seasons of the year, oetween 
the 2*{d of September and the 21st of December. 
In all climates, the Autumn or Fall is liable to 
disease ; a combination of local and atmospherio 
causes being then present, favourable to its pro- 

AUTUM'NAL; Autumna'lis, (F.) Automnal 
Relating to Autumn ; as Autumnal Fruit*, Au- 
tumnal Fevert^ Ac. 

AuTUHXAL Fkter, generally assumes a bilious 
aspect. Those of the intermittent kind are much 
more obstinate than when they appear in the 

AUXESIS, Augmentation, Increase. 

AUXIL'IARY, Auxilia'ritf from atacilium, 
•aid.' (F.) Auxiliaire, That which assists, or 
from which assistance is obtained. 

AuxiLiART Medicine is one which assists the 
principal medicine or basis. It is synonymous 
with Adjuvant 

Auxiliary Muscles are those which ooncur 
in the same movement Some anatomists have 
applied the term to several ligaments, as well as 
to tho flesliy fibres, which hang from the sacro- 
$pin(tl{9 muscle. 

AUXILIUM, Juvans, Mcrlicament 

AUXIS, Augmentation, Increase. 

AVA, ArvOf Kata, An intoxicating narcotic 
drink, made by chewing the Piper methisticum. 
It is much used by the Polynesians. 

in France, 13 leagues S. S. £. of Poitiers, at 
which there is a cold saline chalybeate. It con- 
tfuns chlorides of sodium and calcium, sulphate 
and pubcarbonate of soda, iron, to. 

AVANT-nOUCHE, (F.) 0» anti^enm. This 
name has been applied by some to the mouth, 
properly so called — in contradistinction to the 
Arri>re bouehe or Pharynx, 

A VANT-BRAS, Pore-arm. 

AVAKT'0(EURy Scrobiculus cordis. 

AVANT^QOUT, (F.) Preggutta'tio; a fore- 
lMt»; jM«!giutotioiL 

AVAKT-MAIK, {¥.) Adver'ta JTomm. Thl 
inside of the hand, wnen extended. 

AVANT-PIED, (F.) The most adYaaeed 
part of the foot 

A VANT-POIGNET, (F.) The asterior p«t 
of the wrist 

A VELINE, Corylns aveUana (out). 

AVELLANA, Corylos aYellana— a. Cathartie% 
Jatropha curcas. 

A VE'N A, Oat§, BramoB. The leeda of Avt^m 
tati'rcu Nat, Ord, GraminoB. iSac SjftL Tli- 
andria Digynia. (F.) ^voine. Oats are used ■• 
food for man, in some parts, partienlarly in tht 
North of England and Scotland. When deprived 
of the husks they form OroatB, Redaeed to 
meal, — A vena Fari'na, Oatmeal — they are ap- 
plied as cataplasms to promote luppuration. Tho 
dry meal is sprinkled over erysipelatous parts. 

Oatmeal gruel, Water gruel, is prepared as fbl* 
lows: — Take of oatmeal ^\j; so/k trater Oisi. 
Rub the meal in a basin, with the back of a spooBp 
in a moderate quantity of the water, pouring off 
the fluid after die grosser particles have subside^ 
but whilst the milkiness continues; and repeat 
the opcraUon until no more milkiness is commit 
nicated to the water. Put the washings in a pan, 
after having stirred them well, in order to sua- 
pend any fecula, which may have subsided ; mmI 
boil nntil a soft thick, mncilage is formed. 

It is a good demulcent, and is used also ■• a 
vehicle fur clysters. 

AvBXA ExcoRTicATA, Qroats. 

AVEX^ FARINA, see Avena. 

Avcnhcim is three leagues fh>m Stra8bui;g : nmt 
it is an aperient mineral water. 

Avenues is a village in the department of Hi* 
rault in France : near it is a saline spring, tho 
temperature of which rises to 84° Fahrenheit 

A YENS, COMMON, Geum urbauum— a. 
Water, Geum rivale — a. White, Geum VirgiBl* 

AVERICn, Sulphur. 

AYEKRUO'A BILIM'BI, Bilim'ln, Bilimhing 
tere; An Indian tree, which has a firuit that if 
too acid to be eaten alone. It is used as a con- 
diment, and in the form of syrup as a refriga- 

Averrho'a Caram'bola, called after Aver- 
rhocs ; 3Ialvm Co€$i'»f, Pntnum Mtella'tum, Tam'm 
ara, Conga, Caram'holo. An Indian tree, whoso 
fruits are agreeably acid. The bark, bruised, if 
employed as a cataplasm, and its fruit is used Of 
a refrigerant in bilious fever and dysentery. 

AVER'SION, Aver'eio, Apot'ropi; fW)m arer^ 
tere, (a and vertere) 'to turn fk^m.' Ezfromo 
repugnance for any thing whatever. 

A VERSION, rF.)also means, in therapeot!e% 
the action of medicines which turn the afflux of 
fluids from one organ, and direct them to othen; 
being synonymous with eoMNler-trrilaftoN, or 
rather reruUion or derivation, 

AVER TIN, (F.) A disease of the mind, 
which, according to Lavoisien, renders the pi^ 
tiont obstinate and furious. 

AVEVULE, Crccus. 

AVEUOLEMENT, Caccitas — a. de Jbwv 
Nyctalopia — a. de Xuit, Ilemeralopia. 

sen reainif'tra sen nit'ida, Bou'tia ger'minane^ 
called sftor Avicenna. The plant which affords 
tho Mnlac'c.a Bean or Anaear'dium Orieuta'U id 
the PUarmaco])Ocias, Semeear'pne Anaear'dimmit 
The oil drawn from the bark of the fruit is a cor* 
rosiv.^, and active vesicatory, but it is DOt used. 

AVICULA CIPRL^, PastU-a. Margaritffer% 
I see PearL 




^FO/iV. Arenm. 
A VOR TEMENT, Abortton. 
AVORTER, to Abort 
AVORTIN, AhoT^on, 
A VOR Toy, Abortion. 
A Vl/LS/0, ArraehemenL 
AVULSION, Evulsion. 
•mall town in tbe department of Arri^ge, Fnmoe; 
irbere there are several eulphuroas springs, the 
t<!mperature of which variea from 77° to 162® of 

AXE, Axis— a. de VtEil, Axis of the eje. 
AX'EA COMMISSU'RA, Troekol'det, A 
ptvot-jiiint See Trochoid. 

AXIL' LA, Ala, AteePhtf A$«eVla, AteiPla, 
AceVla, Cordis emuficlo'n'vm, Mali, Hvyo'tnia, 
Fo'tta ajeiUn'rU, Jftu'ekaU, Mat'chalU, (F.) 
^iMr(/e. The cavity beneath the jvnction of 
the arm with the shoulder; the armpit; (F.) 
Oretue de CAitseiU, It is bounded, anteriorly, 
by a portion of the pectoralis m%jor ; poeteriorly, 
by the latissimttj dorsL It is covered with hair, 
eontains much areolar membrane, lymphatic 
ganglions, important vessels and nerves, and 
Boraeroas sebaceous follicles, furnishing an odor- 
ous secretion. In consequence of such secretion, 
the ancients called it emutieto'riwn eordU, 

AX'ILLART, Ma»ckali4t'u; (F.) AxiUaire, 
from ojciUof 'the armpit' Belonging to the 

Axillary Artbrt, Arit'ria axiUa'rtu/ a con- 
tinuation of the subclavian, extending from the 
passage of the latter between the scaleni muscles 
as far as the insertion of the pectoralis m%)or, 
when it takes the name of Brachial, 

Axillary Glands are lymphatic glands seated 
in the armpit; into which the lymphatic glands 
of the upper extremity open. 

Axillary Nbryr, Seap^ulo-hu'tMral (Ch.), 
Jfer/ cireoi^lex€. Articular nerve; arises from the 
posterior part of the brachial plexus, particularly 
from the last two cervical pairs and the first 
dorsaL It is chiefly distributed to the posterior 
margin of the deltoid. 

Axillary Vbiw, Vena Axilla'rie, Vena Suha- 
Wris, This vein corresponds with the artery; 
anterior to which it is situate. It is a continua- 
tion of the brachial veine; and, at its termination, 
assumes the name i^M^claetan. 
AXINE, Ascia. 

AXIRNACn. An Arabic word, used by Al- 
bucasis to designate a fatty tamour of the upper 
•yelid, observed particularly in children. 

AXIS, Axon, (F.) Axe, A right line which 
passes through the centre of a body. 

Axis, Cbrebro-Spiital, see Encephalon — a. 
•f the Cochlea, Modiolus — a. Cylinder of Nerve, 
see Nerve fibre — a. Coellae, Coeliac artery. 

Axis or thb Eye, (F.) Axe de Tat'/, called 
also, Viifual Axie and Optic Axie, is a right line, 
which falls perpendicularly on the eye, and passes 
through the centre of the pupiL 

Axis, H^val, Aorta — a. Neural, see Ence- 

Axis, is also the second vertebra of the neck, 
Aron, Epistroph'eue, Epu'trophua, Jfaechalieter : 
the Ver'tebra Denta'ta, CF.) Eseieu. So called, 
because it forms a kind of axis on which the head 
moves. Chaussier calls it Axoide, from o^mv, 
'axis,' and uSeg, 'shape.' 

AXOIDB, Axis— a. Occipitale, Reotus capitis 
posticus mi^or. 

AXOiD'O-ATLOID'EUS. What refers to both 
the axis and atlas, sa Axoido-atloidean articula- 

The lesions of the Axoido-atloidean, are, 1. 
l^Botore of the Procet^em Venta'tue, 2. Rupture 

of the odontoid ligament, and oonsequentlf pas- 
sage and pressure of the process behind the trans- 
verse ligament : and, 3. The simultaneous ruptnrt 
of the odontoid and transverse ligaments. Thesa 
different accidents are fatal. 

AXOIDO'ATLOWIEN, ObUouus inferior 

AXON, Axis. 

AX UNO E, Adeps pneparata. 

AXUNGIA, Pinguedo->a. Gadi, Oleum Jecoris 
Aselli — a. de Mumift, Marrow — a. Articularis, 
Synovia — a. Piscina Marina, Oleum Jecoris Aselli 
— a. Porcina, Adeps prsBparata. 

ATPNIA, Insomnia. 

AZARNET, Orpiment 

AZARUM, Asarum. 

AZEDARACH, Melia Azedarach. 

AZEDARACIIA AM(ENA, Melia Azedarach. 

AZOODYNA'MIA, from a, priv., Uii, MIfe,' 
and ivvapii, ' strength.' Privation or diminution 
of the vital powers. 

AZO'RES, CLIMATE OF. The Azores or 
Western Islands are said to afford one of the best 
examples of a mild, humid, equable climate to 
be met with in the northern hemisphere. It is 
slightly colder and moister than that of Madeira^ 
but even more equable. Sir James Clark thinks, 
that a change from the Azores to Madeira, and 
thence to Teneriffe — one of the Canaries — would 
prove more beneficial to the phthisical valetudi- 
narian than a residence during the whole winter 
in any one of those islands, 

AZOTATE ITARGEST, Argenti nitras. 

A'ZOTE, AMo'tum, from a, priv., and (wv, * life.' 
NVtrogeHf AVealigtne, Oae oso'ficum, ^itro^ 
gen'ium, (F.) Aeote, Nitrogine, Air gati. Air 
vieiif is a gas which is unfit for respiration. It 
is not positively deleterious, but proves fatal^ 
owing to the want of oxygen. It is one of the 
constituents of atmospheric air, and a distin- 
guishing principle of animals. Vegetables have 
it not generally diffused, whilst it is met with in 
most animal substances. It has been variously 
called, phlogietic air, vitiated air, Ac. ; has been 
looked upon as sedative, and recommended to bo 
respired, when properly diluted, in diseases of 
the chest 

Azote, Protoxide of, Nitrogen, gaseous ox-* 
ide of. 

AZOTED, Nitrogenized. 

AZOTEN^SES, from aceee, and voMf, 'dis- 
ease.' Diseases fancied to be occasioned by tht 
predominance of azote in the body. — ^Baumes. 

AZOTIZBD, Nitrogenised. 

AZOTURIA, see Urine. 

AZUR, Coral, Smalt 

AZU'RIUM. A compound of two parts of 
mercury, one-third of sulphur, and one-fourth of 
sal ammoniac. — Albertus Magnus. 

AZ'YGES, Ax'ygoe, AB'ygoue, eine pari, from 
a, priv., and Cvyos, 'equal.' Unequal. The 
•phenoid bone, Secanse it has no fellow. Also, a 
process, Procee'eueA^ygee, Roetrwm. ephemAda^lip 
projecting from under the middle and forepart 
of this bone. 

AZTGOa QANQLION, see Trisplanchnio 

ticular arteries of the skuU. 

AzYoons Mubclr, Atygot Vvuhg, is the small 
muscle which occupies tbe substence of the uvula. 
— MorgagnL The name is, however, inappro- 
priate, as there are two distinct fasciculi, placed 
along-side each other, forming the Pal'ato-»ta» 
pkyli'ni, Staphifli'ni or Epietaphyli'wi musdes,- 
Staphj/li'ni me'dii of Winslow. 

AiYQOUB Vbiv, Vena Axygoe, Veine PrUomh^ 




tAoroei7«« — (Ch.)> Vtna 9ine pari. Vena pari 
car«n»f (F.) Kein« »aru Paire. This Tein was so 
called by Galen. It forms a commanicadon be- 
tween the K. cava inferior and V. cava tuperxory 
permitting the blood to pass freely between the 
two. It rises from the vena caya inferior, or 
from one of the lumbar or renal veins, passes 
throngh the diaphragm, asciends along the spine 
to the right of the aorta and thoracie duet, and 
opens into the V. eara superior, where it pene- 

trates the perieardlam. On the left tide, fht 
semi-az'tgos, Left hronfckiol or left •upericr t»- 
tercot'tal vein, Vena cUmi-a^goe, V. htmi-axfygetp 
Veine petite prSlomho-tkaraeiqut — ( Ch. ) preaeaU^ 
in miniature, nearly the same arrangement. 

AZYMIA UUMORUM, Crudity of the hu- 

AZ'YMUS, from a, prir., and i^foh MeaTen.' 
Axymous bread is unfermented, onlearened breeda 
— Galen. 



BABEURRE, BnUermilk. 

BABILLEMENT, Loquacity. 


BAC'ARIS, Bach'arie. A name giren by the 
ancients to an ointment, described by Galen 
under the name Ointment of Lydia, It was 
sometimes employed in diseases of the womb. — 

BACCiB BERMUDENSES, Sapindns rapo- 
norio — b. seu Grana actes, see Sambucus ebulns 
— b. JujnbiD, Jt^ube— -b. Myrtillorum, see Yacci- 
nium myrtillus — b. Nurlandicse, Rubus arcticns 
— b. Piperis Glabri, see Piper Cubeba — ^b. Pisoa- 
toria}!, see Menispermum cocoulus — b. Zizyphi, 
see Jujube. 

BACCAR, Bae'earitf Bae'charie, An herb 
used by the ancients in their gariands, to destroy 
eucliantment. Perhaps, the Digitalie purpurea, 
Somo authors have erroneously thought it to be 
the Anarum, 


BACCUPA, from Baechutf 'wine.' A name 
applio<l to the rod or pimpled fkee of Uie drunkard. 
See Gntta rosea. 

BA(;CIIIOA, Hedera helix. 

BACHARIS, Bacaris. 

BACUELOR'8 BUTTONS, see Strychnos nux 

boro et Mvrrhft. 


BACILK, Crtthmum maritimum. 

BACIL'LUM, Baeiihu, Bae'ulua, Bae'enhit : 
* a stick.' This name has been applied to a kind 
of troch, composed of expectorants, and having 
the 8hai>e of a stick. Also, a suppository. Bacil- 
luni was used by the ancient chemists for several 
instruments of iron. 

BACK-ACn ROOT. Liatris. 


BACOYfl, Musa sapientum. 


BACULUS, Bacillum. 

is a town six miles from Vienna. Here are 12 
springs, containing carbonates of lime and mag- 
nesia; sulphates of lime, and magnesia, and 
t<r)(la; and chlorides of sodium and aluminum. 
The water is used in diseases of the skin, rbeu- 
inntism, Ac. There are two other towns of the 
pamo name; one in Suabia, and the other in 
Switzerland, about 12 miles ftx>m Ztlrich, whore 
are mineral springs. The waters of the last two 
are thermal sulphureous. 

Celebrated thermal springs, situate about a league 
from the high road to Basle and Frankfort. Their 
temperature varies from 130^ to 154^ Fahrenheit 

B ADER, Bather. 

BADIAGA. A kind of sponge, sold in Russia, 
ibe powder of which is aaid to take awj^ the livid 

marks frt>m blowf and bruises in a few hoan^ 
Its nature is not understood. 

BADIANEy Illicium aiiisatum« 

BADISIS, Walking. 

BADUKKA, Capparis badukka. 

BAG, DUSTING, see Dusting-bag. 

BAGEDIA, Pound. 

OF. Bagndres-Adour is a small town in th« 
department of Hautee PyrSnSee, having a greal 
number of mineral springs; some, cold chaly* 
beates ; others, thermal sidines ; but the greateeft 
part sulphureous and warm. 

BAGN&RES DU LUCHON is a small towm 
in the department of Haute Garonne, on the 
frontiers of Spain. It has been for a long tiiM 
famous for its numerous sulphureous springiu 
the temperature of which is from 69^ to l^S^* of 

BAGNIGGE WELLS. A saline mlneitf 
spring in London, resembling the Epsom. 

BAGNIO, Baignoire, 

Bagnoles is a village in the department of Omik 
The water resembles that of Bagn^ree de Luckomm 

nols is a village, two leagues from Mende, in the 
department of Lozdre. The waters are hydro- 
sulphurous and thermal : 109° Fahrenheit 

BAG AS, Castratus. 

BAGUEXAUDIER, Colutea arboreecens. 

climate of the Bahamas is not considered to be 
well adapted for consumptive patients, on ao- 
count of the rapid alternations of temperature^ 
and the prevalence of winds, often of a dry, cold 
character. Still, the phthisical valetudinariaaa 
from most portions of the United States might 
derive advantage from a residence there dnrinK 
the winter months. The accommodationB aro 
not however, good, or numerous. 

BAHEL, Colum'nea longifo'lia. A labiated 
plant of Malabar, whose leaves, bruised, are ap« 
plied as cataplanms to suppurating tumours. 

Bahkl SciirLLi, Genista spinosa Indict 

BAKfNEUR, Bather. 

BAIGNOIRE (F.), Baptiete'rium, a Batltng 
tvb, BaguiOf So^fium, Pieci'na. The vessel or 
place in which bathing is performed. Baignoirm 
oculaire, an eye-hath, — a small vessel for bathing 
the eyes. 


BAILLONy Speculum oris. 

BAIN, Bath— 6. Ohaud^ Bath, hot— &. EUn^ 
trit/ue, Bath, electric, see Electricity — ft. Entier, 
Bath, general — b. de Fauteuil, Bath, hip — K 
Frain, Bath, tepid — h. Eroid, Bath, cold — b, Ifom 
rtV, Bath, water — 6. Midicinalt Bath, medicated 
— b. de Piedf Bath, foot, Pediluvium — b. de Smm, 
ble, Bath, sand — b. de Siige, Bath, hip— ft. Tem»' 
piri, Ba^ tepid, ^. TtrnponXA— b. d« Tll^ 




are aitOAle at Plombidrea, department of the 
Voagea. They are said to be saline and thermal 
by some; others deny them any medical pro- 

BALAMPULLL Tamarindus. 

BAL'ANCEMENT, GomfieMa'tton, from (F.) 
haloMce, * a balance/ itself from hit, * twice,' and 
lamXf *% dish.^ A law of teratogeny, as main- 
tained by Qeoffroy 8t Hilaire, by which eznbe- 
ranoe of nutrition in one organ is supposed to 
involve* to a greater or less extent, the total or 
partial atrophy of some other, — and conversely. 

BALANDA, Fagns Sylvatica. 


BALANISMUS, Suppository. 

BALANITIS, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


BALANOCASTA27UM, Bunium Bolboeasta- 

BALANORRH(EA, Oonorrhma spuria. 

BA'LANUS, ^uAaras, 'glaas,' 'an acorn.' The 
glans penis. Hence, BeUanoblennarrka'af Blen- 
Dorrhesa of the glans; and BtUani'i*», Inflamma- 
tion of the glans. Suppositories and pessaries 
were called Bai'anL 

Balanos Phcesicos, Date. 

Balaxits, Glans, Suppository — b. Myrepsica, 
Ouilandina moringa. 

lame is a town in &e department of H6ranlt> 
in France. The waters are saline and thermaL 
Tbey contain carbonic actd, earbonate of lime, 
carbonate of magnesia, chlorides of sodium, cal- 
cium, and magnesium, sulphate of lime, and a 
little iron. They ve considered tonlo, and are 
largely osed. Their temperature is about 118° 

Balabuo Water, FACTrr"ious, (F.) Eau de 
Salarue ; Aqua BellUuea'tia is made of nrnple 
aeidulonM water (containing twice its bulk of car- 
bonie acid) f^xzss; ekloride of todium, S^b; 
chloride of ecuetttm, gr. zvi^ ; chloride of mag- 
ueeium, gr. Ivi ; earbonate of magneeia, gr. J. 

BALATRO, Bambalio. 

BALAUSTINB FLOWERS, see Puniea gra. 

BALBIS, 0aX0t(, 'a foundation.' Any oblong 
Mvity. — Galen. Hippocrates, in his treatise on 
the joints, gives the name Balhito'dea to the ole- 
cranon cavity of the humerus. 

BALBUS, (F.) Bigue, One habitually affected 
with stammering. A stammerer. 

BALBU'TIES, PteUie'mue, Peel'lotee, BUt*- 
eiiat, Barygloe'eiaf Jhfla'lia, Mogila'tia, Itcho- 
nJko'nia, Battarie'mvef BambaUia, Hmeita'tiOf 
Loque*la hla'ta, (F.) Balbutiementf Bigaiement, 
Stammering, St. Vitus's Dance of the Voice. 
Also, vicious and incomplete pronunciation, in 
which almost all the consonants are replaced by 
(he letters B and L ; Traulie'mue, 

BALCHUS, BdeUlum. 

BALD, Athriz. 

BALDMONET, ^thusa menm. 

BALDNESS, Alopecia, Caivities— b. Limited, 
Ponrigo decalvans — b. Partial, Porrigo decalvans. 

BALENAS, Leviathan penis. 

BALIMBAGO, Hibiscus popoleni. 



BALL, Pila. 

BALLISMtJS, Chorea. 

BALLI8TA, AstragalusL 

BALLON, Receiver. 

BALLOSNBMENT, Tympanites. 

BALLO^A FIE'TIDA, B. vulga'rie seu n^ra, 

Marru'hittm ntgruMf Black fforehoundf Stinking 
JET., (F.) Marruhe noir. This plant is esteemed 
to be antispasmodic, resolvent, and detersive. (?) 

Ballota La5a'ta, Leonu^me lana'tue, A 
plant of the NcU. Family, Labiatso, Sex. Sytt, 
Didynamia Gymnospermia, which grows in Si- 
beria. The whole plant, with the exception of 
the root, has been recommended in dropsy, and 
in rheumatism and gont> as a diuretic. It is 
usually given in decoction (§8S to ^ to f Jvi^ 
of water.) 

BALLOTTEMENT, (F.) Agita'tion, Sneeu^^ 
ttofi, MouvemevU de BaUottement, Repercvt'eion, 
means the motion impressed on the foetus in 
utero, by alternately pressing the uterus by 
means of the index finger of one hand introduced 
into the vagina; the other hand being applied 
on the abdomen. It is one of the least equivocal 
signs of pregnancy. 

BALLSTON SPA. This village is situate in 
Saratoga County, New York. The spring Sans 
Souci belongs to the elojss of Acidulous Chaly- 
beates. It contains iodide of sodium. There is 
also a sulphur spring. 

BALM, Melissa — b. Apple, Momordica bal- 
samina — b. Bastard, Melitis Melissophyllum — b. 
of Gilead, Solomon's, see Tinctura cardamomi — 
b. of Gilead, Poplar, Populus candicans — b. of 
Gilead tree, Diacocepholnm Canariense — b. In- 
dian, Trillium latifolium — b. Mountain, Monarda 
coccinea — b. Red, Monarda ooccinea — b. Stink- 
ing, Hedeoma. 

BALMONT, Chelone glabra. 

BALNEA C(ENOSA, Boue dea eaux. 

BALNEARIUM, Hypocaustnm. 



BALNEOG'RAPHT, Balneograpk'ia, from 
^oAavccov, ' a bath,' and yfaf^, * a description.' 
A description of baths. 

BALNEOL'OGY, Balneolog^ia, from M«- 
wuevf 'a bath,' and y^eyet, * a, description.' A 
treatise on baths. 

BALNEOTHERAPI'A, from fiaXevtiw, 'a 
bath,' and Btfmwua, 'treatment' Treatment of 
disease by baths. 

BALNEUM, Bath— b. Acidnm, Bath, acid-* 
b. Alkalinnm, Bath, alkaline— b. Animole, Bath, 
animal — b. Antipsoricum, Bath, antipsoric — b. 
Anti-syphiliticttm, Bath, antisyphilitic — b. Are- 
nas, Bath, sand — b. Gelatinosum, Bath, gelatinous 
— b. MarisB, Bath, water — b. Medicatum, Bath, 
medicated — ^b. Sulphuris, Bath, sulphur. 

BALSAM, BaVeamvmj BoVeeon, Bel'eeon, (F.) 
Bauwie, This name is given to natural vegetable 
substances, concrete or liquid, but very odorous, 
bitter, and piquant: comppsed of resin, ben sole 
acid, and sometimes of an essential oil ; — which 
allow benzoic acid to be disengaged by the action 
of heat ; readily dissolved in voUtile oil, alcohol, 
and ether; and, when treated with alkalies, afford 
a soluble bensoate, and throw down resin. We 
know of only five balsams : — those of Peru, and 
Tolu, Benzoin, eolid Styrax or Storax, and liquid 
Styrax. (See Uiose different words.) There arc, 
however, many pharmaceutical preparations and 
resinous substances, possessed of a balsamio 
smell, to which the name baleam has been given ; 
but they differ essentially in composition and 
properties : hence the distinction of balsams into 
natural and arti^eial. The natural haUamt in 
dude the five before mentioned; the artijiciai 
the remainder. 

Balsam, Acous'tic, BaVtamum Aeoue'tieunt^ 
(F.) Baume aeouetique, A mixture of fixed and 
essential oils, sulphur, and tinctures of f*tid 
gums. Used in cases of atonic deafness, dropped 
into the ear. The ocoiisfto baleam of Dr. Hugh 




B&tb, bead— 6. Tiide, Bath, tepid— 5. Trh /raid, 
Bath, cold — b, de Vapeur, Bath, Tapour. 
Smith is made by mixing three drachmB of ox- 
Ifa// with one drachm of balnam of Peru, 

BA.L8AM, Amsrican, see Myrozylon Pemiferam 
— b. Anodyne, Bates's Linimentum saponia et 

Balsax, Apoplkc'tio, Bal'tamunif Apoplecf- 
ticunif (F.) Baume apopUctique. A medicine 
composed of several bahanu properly so called, 
resins, and volatile oils. It is of a stiff eoneist- 
enco, is worn in ivory boxes about the person, 
and is smelled at in headachs, Ac. 

Balsam Apple, Momordica balsamina. 

Balsam of Arcs'us, BaV§amum Arcai, Un- 
guen'tum EVevnif (F.) Baume cTArceriw. A soft 
ointment; sometimes employed in wounds, ul- 
cers, Ac It is made by melting, with a gentle 
lieat, two parts of mutton suet, one of lard, one 
and a half of turpentine, and as much resin. 

Balsam, Cavada, see Pinus balsamea — b. Ca- 
nary, Dracocephalum Canariense — b. Capivi, 

Balsam op Carpa'thta, BaPeamum Oarpath'- 
tctim, (F.) Baume de Carpathie, The resin of 
the Pinue Ctmbraf a tree, which grows in Si^it- 
ccrland, Libya, and the Krapao mountains in 

Balsam, Ghaltb'eate, BaVeamum Chalyhea*- 
tntKf (F.) Banme deader ou d^aiyuillea, A mix- 
ture of nitmtc of iron, alcohol, and oil, prepared 
by dissolving needles in nitric acid. It was for- 
merly employed in frictions in pains of the joints. 

Balsam, Commander's, Tincturabensoini eom- 
posita — b. for Cuts, Tinctura benzoini composita. 

Balsam, Cordtal, op Semxer'tus, BaVaamum 
Cordia'le Smner'tif (F.) Baume eordiale de Sen- 
nert. A stimulant medicine, composed of the 
essential oils of citron, cloves, and cinnamon, of 
musk, and ambergris. Dose, 6 to 15 drops. 

Balsam of Fierabras. A celebrated Spanish 
vulnerary balsam, mentioned by Cervantes ; the 
composition of which was oil, rosemary, salt and 
wine. (?) 

Balsam, Spir'ttuous, op Fzorayenti, BaP- 
eamum Fioraren'ti tpirituo' $um, (F.) Baume de 
Ftoravenii epirttueux. Different products of the 
distillation of resinous and balsamic substances, 
and of a number of aromatio substances, pre- 
viously macerated in alcohol, have been &ius 
called. The Spirituoue Baham of Fioraventif 
the only one now used in friction, in chronic 
rheumatism, is the first product of the distillation 
from a sand-bath. It Is entirely alcoholic The 
Oilif BaUam of Fioraventi is obtained by re- 
moving the residue, and distilling it in an iron 
vessel, at a white heat It has the appearance 
of a citrine-coloured oil. The Black BaUam of 
Fioraventi is the black oil, obtained when the 
temperature is suflficient to carbonise the sub- 
stances in the cucurbit 

Balsam of Fir, see Pinus balsamea. 

Balsam op Fourcrot or of Laborde, (F.) 
Banme de Fourcroy ou de Laborde. A kind of 
liniment composed of aromatio plants, balsams, 
resins, aloes, turpentine, theriao, and olive oiL 
Used in chaps of the skin and nipples. 

Balsam, Friar's, Tincturabensoini composita. 

Balsam of GRXKVidvE, (F.) Baume de Oene- 
viiv*:. An ointment composed of wax, turpen- 
tine, oil, red saunders, and camphor. Used in 
contused wounds, gangrene, Ac 

Balsam of Hoxky (Hill's.) A tincture made 
of fo/ii, honey (ft& Ibj) and tpirit, (a gallon.) A 
pectoral, used in coughs. The committee of the 
New York College of Pharmacy recommend the 
following formula:' — (Onm, Benzoin. ?v, Bala. 
Tolut. Jj, Menu gviy, AleokoL Oiy— digest for 
IP d^ys Mad lUter^ Bee Mel 

Balsam or HoRBBotnrD (Ford's.) A tinotau* 
of horekoufidf liquorice-root, camphor, opi mm f 
benzoin, dried equilla, ail of aniectxl, and Lomegm 
It has the same properties as the above. Bm 

Balsam, Hungariait, see Pinus mughos. 

Balsam, Htpkot'ic, Bal'eamum JIypnot'icw% 
(F.) Baume Bypnotique. A preparation of whiw 
opium, hyoscyamns, camphor, and some other 
sedative substances form the basis. It is used 
externally in friction, to provoke sleep. 

Balsam, IItstrr'ic, Bal'eamum Hytter'ieuwu 
(F.) Baume Jfyetiriquc A preparation made of 
opium, aloes, asafoetida, castor, distilled oils of 
rue, amber, Ac It is held to the nose, applied 
to the navel, or rubbed on the hypogastrium in 
hysterical cases. 

Balsam, Ikdiav, see Myroxylon peruifemm. 

Balsam op Leictourb of Cokdom or Viiicb- 
OUERB, Bal'tamum Leetoren'ei. A strongly sti- 
mulant and aromatic mixture of camphor, saffroB, 
musk, and ambergris, dissolved in essential oflii 
The ancients burnt it for the purpose of purifying 
the air of a chamber, when infected wiUi a disa- 
greeable odour. 

Balsam op Lifb op Hopp'mait, BaVeemwm 
Vita Hoffman' ni, (F.) Baume de Vie d*Hoffma»» 
A tincture, composed of essential oils and amb«r> 
gris, employed internally and externally as a 
sUmulant A mixture of essential oils without 
alcohol constitutes the Saxon Balaam, Bar»amm9i 
apoplee'tieumf B. aromat'icum, B. etphaVicuwt, B, 
Stucon'ieum, B. nervi'num, B. Schbrzeri, B. Ao- 
mach'icum. Employed in friction as a stimulanti 

Balsam op Life, Decoctum aloes composltBB 
— b. of Life, Turlington's, see Tinctura beoMdal 

Balsam op Locatel'li or Lvcatel'li, Beif'* 
eamum Lueaiel'lif (F.) Baume de LucateL A BOft 
of ointment, composed of wax, oil, turpentino, 
sherry, and balsam of Peru, coloured with red 
saunders. It was once administered^ in pulm»> 
nary consumption. 

Balsam op Mecca, see Amyris opobalsaaram 
— b. Mexican, see Myroxylon Peruifemm — Ik 
Natural, see Myroxylon Peruiferum. 

Balsam, Green, of Metz, BaVaamum Vir'idi 
Meten'aium, BaVaamum Vir'idf, (F.) Baume wtrt 
de Metz, Baume de Feuillet, Huile verte, 0*lettm 
ox'ydi cupri vir'idi. This is composed of sevoral 
fixed oils, holding, in solution, subcarbonate of 
copper, sulphate of sine, turpentine, aloes, and 
the essential oils of cloves and Juniper. It it 
green and caustic, and is employed to hasten the 
cicatrization of atonic ulcers, 

Balsam, Nbphrit'ic, op Fuller, BaVe amn m 
Nephrefieum Fulleri. A liquid medicine, eoB'- 
posed of oils, resins, and Iwlsams, which have 
experienced an incipient state of carbonisatioii 
from concentrated sulphuric acid. It was given 
in the dose of 15 to SO drops in certain affection! 
of the kidneys. 

Balsam, Nbrvofs, BaVaamum Nerri'nuwtf 
(F.) Baume nervin ou nerval. A kind of ointment^ 
composed of fatty bodies, volatile oils, balsam of 
Peru, camphor, Ac. It is employed in friction 
in cases of sprains and rheumatic pains. 

Balsam, Paraltt'ic. op Mtnsicht. A sort 
of liniment or soft mixture of the essential oils 
of different aromatio plants, oils of turpeotino 
and amber. — L6mory. 

Balsam op Parki'ra brava, BaVaamum Pa* 
reVr<B brava. A soil mixture of balsmm, resin, 
muriate of ammonia, and powder of the root of 
Pareira brara. It is given internally, to excito 
the urinary secretion. 

Balsam, Peruviaic, see Myroxylon Pemifo- 
mm — b. of Pern, red, see Toluifera balsamui 
b. of Peru, white, see Myroxylon Peruiferum. 



BAX.SAH or RiCKAii'iiAorof Rakasi'bi. Thia 
•abeUtnce u of a yeUowish-brown colour ; lemi- 
toMBspamit ; firagile, when dry, but softening br 
heat; adhering to the teeth, when ehewed. It 
hae a smell similar to that of the Balsam of Tolu, 
and is slightly bitter. It is bronght from India 
fai gonrd shells, and has been employed in dia- 
easea of the nrinarj and genital organs, especially 
hs gonorrfacea. 

Balsam, Risa. Prepared from the shoots of 
the Scotch Fir, macerated in spirit of wine. In- 
ternally , sttmnlant and diuretic; 4xt0maUy, a 
ralaerary. Bee Finns Cembra. 

Balsam or Satvbk, Bal* Mmmm Anwr'at. A 
■rintion of acetate of lead in spirit of turpentine, 
eoneentrated by. eraporation ; to which camphor 
bas been added. This balsam was applied to 
hasten the cicatrisation of wounds. 

Balsam or tbb Samab'itaji, (F.) Bourns du 
Samaritain, A sort of liniment^ prepared by 
boiling together, at a gentie heat, eqnal parts of 
wine and oil. It is said to hare been the oint- 
Bsent used by the Samaritan of the Gospel to 
•vre a patient covered with ulcers. 

Balsam, Sazob, Balsam of Life of Hoffmann. 
Balsam or Sulpbub, Bal'Mmnm Sul'pknrU, 
(F.) Bnnmit dm Son/re. A solntioB of sulphur in 
•iL— ^. •a/p*. an%»a'imm, (F.) B. de Somfrt aniai, 
A solatiou of sulphur in essential oil of aniseed; 
giren as a carminative. — B. Sulpk. •uoetna'tum, 
IF.) Sou/re tueeinS, A solntton of sulphur 
m oil of amber. — B, Suinkmria tertbinikina'tum, 
Okunmon Bmick Drop; (Y,) B. ds •ou/re tSrHin- 
tkini, A solution of sulphur in essential oil of 
tarpentiBe, administered as a diuretic. — The Bal- 
mmn of Sulphur o/ Rvlavd is a solution of sulphur 
In linseed oil or nut oil. 

Balsam ow Stm'patbt, BaUamum Sympaih*' 
eeiMK, (F.) Baume de SympathU, A balsam, used 
In the days when sympathetio influence was 
strongly belicTcd in. It was composed of the 
raspings of a human skull, blood, and human fat, 
and was applied to the instrument which had 
isAicted the wound. 

Balsam, Tbibact's. A tincture of m3nrTh, 
aloes, dragon's blood, flowers of St John's wor^ 
and Cfaio turpentine. inlema/(y, diuretic ; ecelar- 
mmlly, rulnerary. 
Balsam ow Tolv, see Toluifera Balsamnm. 
Balsam, Tbahqitil, BcU'tamum iranquiPhnn 
■en tranquiVlaMf (F.) B, tranquUU, A liquid 
medicine employed, externally, in the shape of 
friction : it is prepared by macerating and boU- 
ing, in olire oU, narcotic and poisonous plants, — 
belladonna^ mandragora, hyoscyamus, Ac — and 
afterwards infusing, in the Altered decoction, 
different aromatic plants. It was employed as 
•a anodyne. 
Balsam, Tubkbt, Draeocephslnm Canariense. 
Balsam or ToB'PBBTurB, Dutch Drop; BaV- 
9umum Terebin'thinst. Obtained by distilling 
oil of turpentine in a glass retort, until a red 
halnm Is lefU It possesses the properties of the 
tarpen tines. 

Balsam, Ybbtain's, Tinetnra Benioini oom- 

Balsam, Yul'bbbabt, or MnmBRB'sus, l^of- 
•OMMM vulnera'rium Jfinder^ri, (F.) B, fndni' 
mir€ de Miivdbbbr. A kind of liniment, com- 
posed of turpentine, resin elemi, oil of St John's 
wort, and wax. Employed in friction, and as a 
dressing to wounds. 

Balsam Wbbb, Impatiens fblva — b. Wound, 
Tinetnra Bensoini composita. 

Anyris GUeadensis — b. Bfyrrha, see Myrrha. 


BALSAMELJBON, Myroxylon Pemifennn. 

BALSAM'IC, BeUwm'ieut, from fiaXvoMw, 
'balsam.' Possessing the qualities of baUams. 
BaUamie odour: — a sweet, faint, and slightly 
nauseous smell. BaUamit nthatanee : — one re- 
sembling the balsams in property. 

BALSAM lER £l£mIfMrE, Amyris elcmi- 
fera — h. de la Mecque, Amyris opobalsamuin. 

BALSAMINA, Momordica balsamina. 

BALSAMINEf Momordica baliamina. 

BALBAMITA F(EMINEA, Achilles ageratum 
— b. Major, Tanacetum balsamita — b. Mas, Ta- 
nacetum balsamita. 

Balsami'ta Suat'eolbus, B, odora'ta, B. ma- 
Mentha Saracen*ica, M. Boma^na. Fatfu 


Compositfls CorymbifersB. Sex. Sytt. Syngenesia 
Polygamia superflua. A plant, common in the 
south of France, and cultiTated in the gardens ; 
where it bears the names Mentheeoq, Grand 
haume, Baume det Jardine. Its smell is strong 
and aromatic, and taste hot It is used for the 
same purposes as tansey, L e. as a stimulant, yer- 
mifnge, Ac. 

Balsamita Svatbolbks, Tanacetum balsa* 
mita — b. Vulgaris, Tanacetum balsamita. 

BALSAMO-SACCHAKUM, Elaso-Saccharum. 

BALSAMXJM, see Balsam, Amyris opobalsa- 
mum — b. i&gyptiacum, see Amyris opobalsanium 
b. Album, see Myroxylon Peruifemm — b. Alpini, 
Dracocephalnm Canariense— b. Alpini, see Amy- 
ris opobalsamnm — b. Anodynnm, Linimentum 
saponis et opii — b. Apoplectienm, Balsam of life 
of Hoffmuin — b. Aromaticum, Balsam of life of 
Hoffmann — b. Asiaticnm, see Amyris opobalsa- 
mnm — b. Brasiliense, Copaiba — b. Calaba, see 
Fagara octandra — b. Canadense, see Finns bal* 
samea — b. Catholicnm, Tinctura bensoini com- 
posita — b. Cephalicum, Balsam of life of Hoff- 
mann — h. OopaibsB, Copaiba — b. Genuinum anti- 
quorum, see Amyris opobalsamnm — b. Hypericl 
simplex, see Hypericum perforatum — b. Judai- 
cnm, see Amyris opobalsamnm — b. Libani, sea 
Pinus cembra—b. MarisB, see Fagara octandra— 
b. e Mecci, see Amyris opobalsamum — b. Mer- 
curiale, Unguentnm hydrargyri nitratis — ^b. Ner- 
▼inum. Balsam of life of Hoffmann -<- b. Opodel- 
doc, Linimentum saponis camphoratum — b. Oph- 
thalmieum rubrum, Unguentnm hydrargyri ni- 
Mco-oxydi — ^b. Persicum, Tinctura benzoini com- 

riita — ^b. Peruannm, see Myroxylon Peruifemm 
Satnminum, Ungnentum plnmbi superacetaiis 
-~ b. ScherserC Balsam of life of Hoffmann — b. 
Stomachicum, Balsam of life of Hoffmann — b. 
Styraois, Stynx — ^b. Styracis bensoini, Benjamin 
b. Succini, see Snccinum — b. Snlphuris Barba- 
dense, Petroleum sulphuratnm — b. Snlphuris 
simplex. Oleum sulphuratnm — b. Syriacum, see 
Amyris opobalsamum — b. Tolutanum, see Tolu- 
ifera balsamum ^ b. Tranqnillans sen Tranquil- 
lum, Balsam, tranquil — \>, 'Traumaticnm, Tinctura 
bensoini composita — b. Universale, Unguentnm 
plnmbi snperacetatis — b. Viride, Balsam, green, 
of Mets ; see Fagara octandra. 

BAL8AMUS PALUSTR IS, Mentha aquatiea. 

BAL8EM, Amyris opobalsamum. 

BAMBA, Bamboo. 

BAM6ALIA, Balbuties. 

BAMBA'LIO, Bam*balo, Baia'tro, from ^a^ 
fiatvi*, * I speak inarticulately.' One who stam- 
mers or lisps, or utters inarticulate sounds. Ac- 
cording to Kbacbb, one who speaks as il be had 
pap in his month, or as if the tongue were para- 

BAMBOO, fF.) Bambou, Bambu, Fav*, Gra- 

minesB. Sex, Sywi, Hexandria Monogynio. Tha 

Tonng shoots of Bamboe arundina\ta, Arun'du 

bamboe, Bambu'ea arundina'oeOf and of Bumbou 

I utrticilla'ta, contain a saccharine pith, of whieb 


the people of both the Indies are very fond, wards by the doloirg and rtvtned methoda 

Ihey are sometimes mode into a pickle. described. 

BAMBOS AKUNDINACEA, Bamboo— b. BANDAGE DIVISIF, Dividing bandana— 

Verticilluta, Bamboo. b, en JDoloire, Boloire, 

BAMiiUSA AUUNDINACEA, Bamboo. Bandaqb, EiaHTEEN-TAiLVD, Fcu'eia octoJF^ 

BAMIX MOSCilATA, Hibiscus abelmoschus. eeim capit'ibut, (F.) Bandage d dix kuit du/k, 

BAMMA, from Pama, 'I plunge/ 'a paint; a This bandage is made of a longitudinal porticNl 

dye.' Anciently, liquids were so called, in which of a common roUer ; and with a sufficient ni 

certain bodies wore plunged, to moisten or soften bor of transverse pieces or tuls, to oorer as mndk 

thorn. In the case of tea, for instance, into which of the part as is requisite. It is a very uaefal 

bread is dipped, the tea would be the bawuiuu bandage, inasmuch as it can be undone 

BAXANA, Musa sapientum. disturbing the part. 

BANANIEltf Musa sapientum. Bandagi, Oalkn*!, B, for ike Poor, Faafeim 

BANAUSIA, Charlatanry. QaU'ni sen Pau'perum, (P.) Bandage do OaUm 

BANC D'UIPPOCRATE, Bathron. fo de» Pauvre$, Oa'Ua, is a kind of cactiWiis w 

BANCAL, (P.) One who has deformed legs. ^<»^' {^ 'L^''''T^K^^^^'l^ ^^ ^ 

T» ;« 1,. 1 .. \u^ i-/^«- ^».»^«».. -«j «^-„. oi» «»ob side J of which Galev has given a d«- 

which s€^ ^ cowi,«rnw, and fHxrue, g,rip^^„^ gj^ dancer, GalenL 

w» A A^.y'w*rkr,TTa /-n X a i .*v a *> Basdaoe, Uernial, see Tbubs — b. ImM^ 

BA.SCROCffE (P.) A vulgar epithet for a ^^i,^ Apparatus, immovable. 

rickety individual Bahdaob, Ik'ouikal, Fae'cia inguina'lie. A 

BAND, PRIMITIVE, see Nerve Fibre. bandage for keeping dressings applied to Of 

BAX'DAQE, Dtntmay Stfndet'mutf Ifypodte* groin. It consists of a cincture, to which if aiU 

Mif, Hjfpodetma, Hypodet^mutf (the last three tached a triangular compress, adapted for covwu 

signify properly an under bandngo.) A binder, ing the groin. To the lower extremity of tUi^ 

from Sax. bindan, 'to bind.' This word, with one or two bandages are attached, which pMi 

the French, is generally used to express the me- under the thigh, and are fixed to the posterior 

thodical application of rollers, compresses, Ac, part of the cincture. This bandage may be eitlMV 

BatCdaging, Sgn'deeie, to fix an apparatus upon simple or double. 

any part,— corresponding to the words deliga'tio, Other bandages will be found described ondflt 

/a«cia'tio,fiucia'rwnappliea'tio,epid'eeU, With their various names. 

us the noun is usually applied to the result of the Baxuaob, Perm aitent, Apparatos, immovibto 

application, or to the bandage itself; — a sense in — ^b. of the Poor, see Canoer Galeni; and Band* 

which the French employ the word Bande, Bfw- age, Galen's. 

dages are eimple or compowMl, The simple ban- Bandaok or separate Strips, or B. or Scub* 

dage is equal, if Uie turns are applied circularly n'rvs, Faa'ciu/aeci'olit eevara'tim diepoe'itiewti^ 

above each other; unequ€U, if the turns are not Seulte'ti, (F.) Bandage d bandelettee efparieo (Ml 

accurately applied upon each otber. If each turn de Scultct. This is formed of linen strips, eaok 

of the bandage be only covered one- third, it capable of surrounding once and a half £ho pari 

forms the dohire of the French; if the edges to which they have to be implied, and plaetd 

touch only slightly, it is the moueeS; if the turns upon each other, so as to cover successively one* 

are very oblique and separated, it is the epiral third of their width. It is used chiefly for frad- 

or creeping, (P.) rampant ; if folded upon each tures, requiring frequent dressing. 

other, it is termed tne reverted, (F.) renverei. Bandage, Under, Uypodesmis — 6. UntotoMig 

By uniting various kinds of bandaging, we have Uniting bandase. 

the compound; and these compound bandages BANDAGINGi see Bandage — ^b. Doctrine d^ 

have received various names expressive of their Desmaturgia. 

figure, or of the parts to which they are applied, BAN'DAGIST. One whose business it is !• 

as capittrum, apica, Ac, Bandages are divided, make bandages, and especially those for hernia* 

also, as regards their uses, into MMifia^, rf»wV/»ny, BANDE, Bandage. The word Bando, im 

retaining, expelling, compreeting, d'c anatomy, is used by the French for various 

Bandage or Roller, Fae'cia, Ta'nia, Epi- row, flat, and elongated expansions. Ban4§ 

den'tnot, Vin'culum, the Bande of the French, is d^H4liodore, is a kind of bandage for supporting 

derived from (G.) binden, 'to bind.' It may the mammse. 

bo made of linen, flannel, or other stuff capable BANDEAU, (P.) A kind of simple bandage^ 

of offering a certain resistance. The two extre- which consists of a piece of cloth, folded four 

mitiea of a bandage are called taile, (P.) chef; times, and applied round the head. There It 

and the rolled part is termed its head, {¥,) globe, also the Bandeau ou Mouchoir en triangfo or 

If rolled at both extremities, it is called a double- triangular bandage, a kind of eonvrechef, mad« 

headed roller or bandage, (P.) Bande d deux of a square piece of cloth, or of a handkerchief 

glohen, folded diagonally, and applied round the head. 

Bandage, Body, irarKtV?, {^.) Bandage de BANDELETTE, CF.) Diminutive of ^aadk 

CorpM, IS used for fixing dressmgs, Ac, to the Patciola, Taniola, Vitta; a narrow bandagcu 

trunk. It IS formed of a towel, napkin, or some gt^ip, or fillet Abio TsenU semicircularis. 

largo compress, folded three or four Umes; the bANDELETTES AOGLUTINATIVES. 

extremities of which are fastened by pins. This ^^ ^ ^ ^^ glutinous plastw^ 

is again fixed by means of the ecapulap bandage, y. /„..„«„,,,,. g^ Agglutinant ^ 

i»hich IS nothing more than an ordinary ban- jiAWnPTPTTP^ Tirnnnr>^P^\.^ -♦-?«- 

dage, sUtched to the anterior and middle part BANDELETTES DEOOUPEES, are stnpt 

of the napkin, passing over the clavicles and ^^ "°??» nof<«»ea <"» one edge, and covere^ oa 

behind the head, to be attached to the back part <>°« "i^®/ ^^''^ ointment They are applied to 

of the napkin. wounds to prevent the lint from sticking, and tM 

Bandage, Comprbsstng, or Roller, Faeeia laceraUon of the cicatrix. 

^mpreaai'va seu eonvoWta, (P.) Bandage com- BANDELETTE SEAfWlRCULAfBE, Ti^- 

yrew've ou rouU, is the simple ro/^r with one nia semicircularis — b. dee Oomce d'ammon, Cor^uB 

uead ; and is employed in cases of ulcers, varices, fimbriatum — 6. dee Jamineneee pyriformet, Tmlft 

Ac, of the limbs. Whenever this roller is applied semicircularis — 6. de VHippocampe, Corpora 

to the lower part of the limbi^ it is caxri&d up- briata. 




BANDU1l^ N«peiit]ift desUlUtorfau 
BAN DT- LEGGED, CnemofcoliosM. 

BAXEBEKRT, Aotaa ipieate. 

BAXGUE, Bhang, Bangi or Beng, Stdhee, 
Bakj€€. AdAoson believes this to be the Nepen- 
ikm of the aDciento. The largest leares and cap- 
«les withont the stalks of CJm'nabU In*dtea, 
(F.) Ckanvrt Indian, Indian hemp, probablj iden- 
ttoal with C. •ativa. FamiU, UrticesB. Sex. iiy$t. 
JNseeia Pentandria. The leaves and flowers of 
Ouioabis are narcotic and astringents They are 
chewed and smoked. The seeds, mixed with 
ipiwB, areca, and sugar, produce a kind of in> 
fttzieadon, and are used for this purpose by the 
peo|^ of India. An alcoholic extract of the 
plants CkurruM, has been used in India, and since 
thtn in Europe and in this country as a narcotic, 
ad anti-couTulsiTe, in the dose of from half a 
gnm to ten or more. It requires, howcTcr, great 
eantaoQ in its administration. The pure resin — 
OisMMi^'iM — is aotATe in the dose of two-thirds of 

Tkt dried planty which has flowered, and from 
vUeh the resin has not been removed, ealled 
GwMok or Qanjakf HeuehUek, Hatkiek, Haekisck 
m vkmtekisek, of the Arabs, consists of the tops 
mi tender parts only of the plant, collected im- 
■siKstcly after inflorescence, and simply dried. 

BANICA, Pastinaca sativa. 


BAXILLA, Vanilla. 

BANILLOES, Vanilla. 

h Brasil and the Antilles, passes for a powerful 
niorifle, and an antidote to the poison of ser- 

vkm — b. Speciosa, Costns. 

Bnmi^res is a village in Quercy, dioce«s of Ca> 
hon, France. The waters are proliably cbaly- 
tsite. They are celebrated in amenorrhoea, 
CMhexia, jaundice, Ac 

BA'OBAB, Adan^'nia dtgita'ta, of Africa; 
SaL Ord. Bombacese : one of the largest prodnc- 
ttons of the vegetable kingdom. Its fruit is 
Mllcd, in the country. Pain de •ingt. The palp 
ii soorijb, and agreeaUe to eat : and a refreshing 
drink is made from it, which is used in Urtn. 
yfcwpe ro Alpini and Dr. L. Frank think that the 
Tsrra Lemmia was prepared, in Ej^jpi. fitim the 
fulp. All the parts of the Baobab abound in 
■Mcilagw. The bark has been given as a snbstl- 
tite fur cinchona. 

BAPTISIA LECCAXTHA. see Sophora tine- 
iMria — b. Tinetoria, Sophota tiactoria. 


BARAQVETTE. (V.) A name given by Ra- 
MMy physirian at Xismes in France. Uj a eatar- 
ikal qndemy, which occiui e d there in 17<L See 

of London, instituted by king Edward IV. The 
barbers were 0eparate<l from the surgeons. >>y 18 
Geo. IL, c. 15; and the latter were erer-trd into 
a Botfal Collegt of Snrgeont at the cummencemeni 
of the present centurv. 

BARBERS, AKMT, see Bathers. 

These mineral waters are half a lea;:u( fn^ro 
Nantes. They contain carbonic acid, rhlori'les 
of magnesium and sodium, sulphate of niii£;n«-^ia, 
carbonates of magnesia, lime, and iron. They 
are used as chalybeates. 

BARBERRY, Oxycantha Oaleni — b. Amen- 
can, see Oxycantha OalenL 

BARRIERS. A variety of paralysis chiefly 
prevalent in India ; and by many con»i<i«-rrd to 
be the same as Beriberi. Beriberi is ct'mmutiij 
an acute disea«>e. Barbiers is generally cbrouic 


BAR'BOXE, PubiA, os. 

BARBOTISE, Artemisia Santonira. 

BARBULA CAPRIXA. Hpirva ulmaria. 



B.\RD.\XA, Arctium lappa — b. Minor, Xan- 


Bareges is a village in the department of Ifai -• i 
Pyrenees, near which are several rprinji. 7!.-y 
are sulphureous and thermal, the beat vsr^icg 
from 85® to 112* Fahrenheit. They c r'*aia 
chlorides of magnevium and sodium. >i.!i Lar«Es 
of magnesia and lime, caibonate *,f Wm^i. •al- 
phur, Ac. These springs have ]'>Bg tr/ytTt-A a 
high reputation, and are daily adviic<d m cu«.a&e- 
o«s and scrofulous aflecli/»ns, Ac. 

FAcrmors BarIoes Watkk, A*pgn B*tr*g\. 
wen'ti*. iV.) Earn </« Barfy**. i§ made by ad'JicjTf 
kwdra9mlpkmrrtUd ttnter^ f^i^r to pmr* trnier, 
f^xvijss, earbem>9t€ o/ ««xtf«, gr. xtj, tkl^dt i^ 
modimm. gr. sa. Bottle t\'fM\j. 

BARG.4DA, Conv^Jvuloj pes «apr>. 

BARGOU. An aliaMntary prefi«rat^/B f'vrmeH 
of ground oais, bcalcd to a |mf«r cr^aiittec^ 
with water. 

BARIGLIA. fv>da. 

BARII CHLORIDrM. Baryta, muriate oT^ 
K lodi'lum. Barrta. hydri^-^dabe 'A. 

BARILLA, i^^i»— b. Ali^rart, »>da^b. Car- 

tharena. iv^ia — b. Turkey, S<^» 
i BARILLOR. ^jAn, 

BARIUM. Bm'rjwm, Bmrffimm. PUu/winm^ 
to eau«d {ftm tbe great 4ttMtisj W its eras' 

BARATHROX. Juaiperv 
BARBA. Beard— h. Aaroais. Arwa 
Caprsp, Spirse-a ufanaria — b. Hhri 
Jovis. Semperrivum teeterum 
BARBADOES, see West ladsci — fa. 

BARBARE.%. E f fi imam 
ftisiuum Bart-area. 

PiBt. An ancicruc eouipiamCK* «f 

dbjnrl'liaB. nsk. A<. It wse dM 


r:*. tTlr->i».v ■.^— ft. Pr-.t/^xt^* 'vt liaryta. 
B.\RK.' Ci<tt^S(aa — b. Bitter. Ka-'ira*** pa- 
T>ec# — b. ''aii-'a-**. Tis •.&<•« v.fiif\'/.» ••'.r*!— 
' K. Car-i«aa. f'^^^-^jfiM '.arJrssst e«r>x — k.. ' ar- 
thar*ia. t** Cla •£.'.«* — V. Cp>wa. Cm^t'.csi 
•«rv« — *.. KY. Magx^ila ^-t«/» — '.. 
sa^*. 'jf. M<t Ca*-.*'.** — fc. l.'.T.ix, 
re^«n-* — *», 0«nr«a. Pfe*ks*7» fi- 
— %. Crrsy, •**t Csa-Hb'.a* — b. Hm*zv*^.. •*# 
^•-3a — V. la^^iaa. MaipU'.t.iA f^an^n — ' . a*^ 
k^«* — b. lAxa. C3u»«ii«« laa'-rf.'..j» 
»rjrvtx — *- Pa>. '~a'*k<aar m^if^.x'jM »'vr*>i - '.. 
MarwvySiv. i*« Ca*Hww»— ^ P«rwu£, ' .n*i.-.- 
■a — V. F^ya. C!ai»iirt«ar rsrf>«* *'jr-^ — \. 
lUA. Oxi'vaat vUrt**iflifta -nrvx — *•.. •■»'£! 
Csatfertfiu^ ^asrimm ••wt*! — *■.. *«ara 

'/ - 





BARLEY, PEARL, Me Hordeum— b. Scotoh, 
Bordeum — b. Water, IXecoctam hordeL 

BARM, Ye«t 

net ifl not far from London. The water ii of a 
purging quality, like that of Epsom, and about 
half the etrengtb. 

BAROMACROM'ETER, Pmdobaromacrom'- 
€ter, P^Btlom'tterf from 0afot, 'weight,' naKfoi, 
'long,' and /icrpoy, 'measure.' An instmment 
invented by Stein to indicate the length and 
weight of a new-born infant 

BAROM'ETER, Baroteop'ivm^ Ba'roteope, 
from fiap9s, 'weight,' and furfov, 'meaiore.' (F.) 
Barom^tre, An instrument which measures the 
weight of the air. A certun degree of densi^ in 
this medium is necessary for health. When we 
ascend high mountains great inconvenience ia 
experienced, owing to the diminished denaity. 
Changes of this character are indicated by the 
Barometer or weather-glasi. 

BA'ROS, ^ap«(, 'heavinesa.' Employed by the 
Greek physicians to designate the feeling of las- 
situde and heaviness observable in many dii<<aiies. 
—Hippocrates, Qalen. • 

BAROSCOPE, Barometer. 

BAROSMA CRENATA, Diosma orenata. 

BAROTES SALITU8, Baryta, muriate oil 

Ji ARRAS, see Pinus sylvestris. 

is a small town, six leagues from Strasburg. 
The waters are thermal, and contain much iron, 
calcareous salt, Ac They are diuretic and tonic 

BARRE (F.) Barrurt, Vara, 'a bar.' A pro- 
jection or prolongation of the symphysis pubis : 
—a deformity rendering delivery difficult 

BARBAE rF.) A term applied, in Fraaoe, 
to a female whoM pelvis has the deformity de- 
scribed under Barrc 

BARRIES, (DENTS.) The molar teeHi, 
when the roots are spread or tortuous, so that 
they cannot be extracted without being broken ; 
or without a portion of the alveolar arch b^g 


BARRENNESS, Sterilitas. 

BARROS, Terra Portugallica. 

BARRURE, Barre. 

BARTON'S FRACTURE, see Fracture of the 
Radius, Barton's. 

BARYCOCCALON, Datura Btramoninm. 

BARYCOITA, Baryecola. 

BARYECOI'A, Baryeoi'ta, BradweeoCa, Pa- 
racn'tia ohtu'ta, DitecoVa, l>y«ecera, AudVtut 
dijffic"\li9, Ohaudi'tio, OhaudVtutf A. ffravit, A. 
imminu'tutf Hjfpocopko' 9%», Hypoekifro'»%9, (F.) 
Dureti d' Oreille f from fiapvi, 'heavy,' and amr, 
'hearing.' Hardness of hearing, incomplete 
deafness. See Cophosis, and Deafness. 

BARYGLOSSIA, Balbuties, Baryphonia. 

BARYI HYDRAS lODATI, Baryta, hydrio- 
daie of. 

BARYLALIA, Baryphonia. 

BARYOD'YNE, from fia^i, 'heavy,' and oinvn, 
'pain.' A dull, heavy pain. 

BARYPHO'NIA, Baryglot^tia, Baryla'lia, 
Loque'la impedi'ta, from ^afw^, ' heavy,' and ^wi, 
* voice.' Difficulty of voice or speech. 

BARYPICRON, Artemisia abrotanum. 

BAR\SOMATIA, Polysarcia adiposa. 

BARYSOMATICA, Polysarci* adiposa. 

BARY'TA, from $apvu * heavy,' Terra ponde- 
ro'ta, Bary'tM, Prutox'id^ of Ba'rium, Heavy 
Earthf Ponderoue Earth, (F.) Baryte, Barite, 
Ttrre petante. This earUi and its soluble salts 
ftre all highly oonosive pois«»as. It is never em- 

ployed in medieino in the pure ttato. Wbca 
temally applied, it b oaiutic, like potasaa 

Bart'ta, Carboitati op, Barytm Oar'homm&, 
(F.) Carbonate de Baryte, b only used offictBallljr 
to obtain the muriate 

Baryta, Htdri'odats or, Barytm ffydriodmt^ 
Baryta Hydriod'iea, Uydra§ Baryi loda'ti, fla 
the dry state, — Iodide of Barimm, Barii hwi' 
duwtf B, loda'tum,) has been given in scrofalovi 
and similar morbid eonditions. It may be admi- 
nistered internally in the dos« of one eighth of A 
grain three or four times a day, and be appHsi 
externally to soroftilous swellings, in the turn tt 
ointment, (gr. iv to ^ of lard.) 

Baryta Hydriodica, Baryta, hydriodato oC 

Baryta, Mu'riatr or ^YDROCRLORAn or, 
Bary'tm mu'riae, OhU/ride of Ba'riutmy BaffU 
Oklo'ridMm (Ph. U. S.), CUo^rtu^ of Ba'rimm, 
Terra pondero'ea eaU'ta sen laifnVio, Sal wwl- 
afieum barot*icmm, Baro^tee mli'tme, (F.) CklO' 
rure de barium, is the eombination chiefly use4 
The Muriate of Baryt* may be formed as follows: 
Baryt. Carbon, in frustulis, lb}, Aeid, MwrimL 
f §xg, AqaeB, Oi^. Mix the add with the water, 
and gradually add the Carbonate of Baryta. Tik 
ward the olose of the eflervescenee, apply a g e att s 
heat, and, when the action has ceased, filter lihi 
liquor, and boil it down so thai crystals may Ibtm 
as it cools. Ph. U. S. 

It is given in the form of the SoU^tio Mmrim'tU 
Barytm, Liquor Barii Ohlo'ridi, Ph. U. S., Afmm 
barytm muria'tie, (F.) Solution do Mwriato da 
Baryte, (Muriate of Baryta, one part; diaiilUi 
water, three parts,) and b employed in serofoloai 
cases, worms, and cutaneous dUeases. KxteB 
nally, to fungous uken and to specks o& tlM 

Barttjb Carbonah, Baryta (Carbonate^-— >hb 
Hydriodas, Baryta, hydrio'date of — b. Muxui% 
Baryta, muriate of. 

BARYTE, BaryU~(. CarbonaU de, Baiyt^ 
carbonate of. 

BARYTHMIA, Melancholy. 

BARYTIUM, Barium. 

BARYUM, see Barium. 

B AS-FOND, see Urinary Bladder. 

BAS'LASSE, Stocking, laced. 


BASAAL. The name of an Indian tree, tk« 
decoction of whose leaves, in water, with ginger, 
b used as a gargle in diseases of the fauoes. Tkm 
kernels of the fruit are vermifuge 

BASANASTR A'G ALA, from fiooavi, <tort«< 
and aer^yaXei, ' the astragalus.' Pain in the aaUe 
joint; gout in the foot. 

BASANIS'MOS, from ^oavi^M, 'toexplm. 
'A touch-stone.' InvesUgation or examination' 
— Hippocrates, Galen. 

BASE, Baeie, from /Saivw, ' I proceed,' < I net/ 
'I support myself.' That which serves as a foua- 
dation or support. That which enters, as a prin- 
cipal matter, into a mixture or combination. In 
anatomy, it b employed in the former senses as 
Baee of the Cranium, Baee of the Brain — J^osss 
sen Parin^n'Hun eere'bri/ BoMe of a proe ee e, 4t«,t 
B<ue of the heart — Baeie vel coro'im eordie. In 
the art of prescribing, Baeie is the chief substanoi 
which enters into a compound formula. 


BA8IATI0, Coition. 

BASIATOR, Orbicularis oris. 

BASIL, BUSH, Ocymum earyophyllatnm— V. 
Citron, Ocymum basilicum — b. Common, Oef* 
mum basilicum — b. Small, Ocymum caryop hyIh >» 
torn— b. Wild, Chenopodium vulgare — bb WBi^ 





— bb Wild, PyenanlheDniBi ia- 

BASILAB, 166 Basilar Aspect 

BAS'ILAR, Basila'H*, Bat'ilary, (F.) Ba^i- 
istrr. Thai vhieh belungs to the base, firom 
fi^^ff ' Vase.' This name ^8 been given tfO seve- 
ral parts, vhieh seem to serre as basis to others. 
The sacrum and sphenoid haye been henee so 

Basilab Abtebt, a. hanla'ris, X eervica'li; 
(T.) Art^rs on Trane ha»ilair«f A. wusoeiphalique 

iCh.) The union of the two rertebral artenes. 
i aseends along the middle groove on the infe- 
ffior snrfiMse of the taber, and is supported, be- 
neath by the Fotta boBilaru. It terminates in 
the posterior eerebral arteries. 

Baselab Abpbct, An aspect towards the base 
•f the hcad.^ — ^Barolay. Biuilad is used adverbi- 
ally by the same writer to signify 'towards the 
hasQar aspeeL' 

Basilab Foua, (F.) ChuUi^ ou Fo49e froM- 
latjpr, is the upper surface of the basilary process, 
—so called be^uise it is channeled like a Fo99a 
or Gmtter, The Tuber annulart rests upon it 

Basilab Pbocbss, Proee$'nu batiia'rit omm 
meeip*itiSf P. eumei/itr'tniM oatu oecip'itts, (F.) 
AjMopky9€ Banlairtf Prolongement §omt-oeetpitalj 
(M^mei/orm Procets, is the bony projection, formed 
by the inferior angle of the os occipitis, which is 
articulated with the sphenoid. 

Basilab Sinus, Sinus transversus. 

Bajilab Subfacx, (F.) Sur/aee ba§ila%re, is 
the inferior surface of the process. It is covered 
^ the mucous membrane of the pharynx. 

Basilab Vbbtbbba. The last vertebra of the 

BASIL'IC, BanTieua, from fimriXiKotf 'royal.' 
This name was given, by the ancients, to parts 
whi«*k th*y cap#»»iVa«1 to plfty an importent part 
in the animal economy. 

Basilic Vein, Vena banViea, V. cu'biti inte'- 
riar, (F.) Feiac Banlique, Veine eubitale cuta- 
mit of Chaos^er. This vein is one of those on 
which the operation of blood-letting is performed. 
It is sitaate at the internal part of the fold of the 
tibow, in front of the humeral artery, and is 
formed 1^ the anterior and potterior cubital 
eeiM, and by tiie wudiam baeilie. It terminates, 
ia the arm-pit, in the azUlary vein. The an- 
cients thought, that the basilic of the right arm 
had some connexion with the liver, and hence 
they called it hepatic. The vein of the left arm, 
lor a similar reason, they called •plenie. The 
Median Baailie Fein, (F.) Fe«iie wUdiane basi- 
Uqme, is one of the branches of the preceding 
Teiii. It joins Uie median cephalic at an acute 
aagle, or rather by a transverse branch, and re- 
eaves some branches of the deep radial and cu- 
bital veins, and a considerable subcutaneous vein 
-~Che common medietn. 

BASILIC COMMUX, Ocymam basiUonm— (. 
Smmpoge, grand, Chcnopodium vulgare. 

BASIL'ICOX, BatU'icum, 'Royal,' or of 
gieat virtue. An ointment, composed of yellow 
wax, black pitch, and resin, of each one part, 
elive oil, four parts. Hence it was called Un- 
amn'tum Tctrapkar'maeumf {rafa^ap^oKa, 'four 
drugs.') — Celsus. Scribonios Largus. 

Basilicon, BaeilicMm, of the Parisian Codex, 
is the Onguent de Poix el de Cire. In most Phar- 
■aeopceias, it is represented by the UnffuenUum 
•r Cera' turn Beei'ne^ It is used as a stimulating 
ointment Bee Ceratum Besinse, and Unguen- 
tui ResinsB NigrsB. 

' BASILICUl^ BasilicoB, Ocymnm Basilicum 
*-b. Citratnm, Ooyawm basilicum — b. Msjus, 
Ociymam basilicum. 

BABIU8CU8, Syphilia. 


BASIO-CER'ATO-GLOSSUS, from fiaeis, 
'base,' Kcpas, 'comu,' and yAuKraa, < tongue.' A 
name given to a part of the hyoglossus, which is 
inserted into the comu of the os hyoides and base 
of the tongue. 

BASIOCES'TRUM, from fiaeis, 'the base,' 
and mioTooy * a dart' An instrument for opening 
the heaa of the foetus in utero, invented by Mes- 
ler, a German. 

"BA'SIO-GLOS'SUS, ITvpteloglot'tut, ffifoba- 
eiogloeeue, Yp$clogloe' eut, iTom Paaig, 'base,' and 
yXw99a, 'the tongue.' A name formerly given to 
the portion of the hyoglossus which is inserted 
into the base of the os hyoides. — Riolan, Thomas 
Bartholine. See Lingual Muscle. 

BASIO PUARYNG^'US, from 0aeis, 'base,' 
and ^apvy^f 'the pharynx.' A name given to 
some fibres of the constrictor pharyngis medius. 
— Winslow. 

BASIS, see Prescription — ^b. Cerebri, Base of 
the Brain — ^b. Cordis, Radix cordis — b. Corporis, 

BASSI-COL'ICA. Name of a medicine com- 
posed of aromatics and honey. — Scribonins 

BASSIA BUTYRACEA, see Spirit, (^Arrack.) 

BASSIN, Pelvis — b, OeulairCf Scaphium ocu- 

BASSIXER, to foment 

BASSINET, Pelvis of the kidney, Ranunculus 

BAS'SORA, GUM. A gum, obtained from a 
plant unknown, which came originally from the 
neighbourhood of Bassora, on the Gulf of Per- 
sia, whence its name. It is in irregularly shaped 
pieces, white or yellow, and intermediate in its 
tTnnfinnrenov hfttween «nim Araliio snd p^tti* tnv- 
gacanui. uuiy a small puriion u suluuie iu 
water. The insoluble portion is a peculiar prin- 
ciple, called Bateorin. It is not used in medi- 
cine ; but bassorin enters into the composition of 
several substances. 

BASSORIN, see Bassora gum. 


BATA, Musa Paradisiaca. 

BATABAS, Solanum tuberosum. 

BATA'TAS. The inhabitants of Peru gave 
this appellation to several tuberous roots, espe- 
cially to Convolvulue Batataa or Sweet Potato, 
Our word, Potato, comes from this. 

toral Drops, Batemon's. 

BATERION, Bathron. 

saponis et opiu 

BATH, Anglo-Saxon, bat5, BaVneum, Bala- 
ae'trm, Baline'um, Loutronf (F.) Bain, Immer- 
sion, or stay, for a longer or shorter duration, of 
the whole or a part of the body, in some medium, 
as water. Act of plunging into a liquid, Fand, 
or other substance, in which it is the custom to 
bathe. Plunge Bath. Also, the vessel in which 
the water is put for bathing. Also, a public or 
private establishment for bathing. 

In Pharmacy t a vessel, placed over a fire, and 
filled with any substance, into which another 
vessel is placed, containing matters for digestion, 
evaporation, or distillation. 

Bath, Acid, Bal'neum ac"idvm (Acid. muriaL 
Ibij ; Aquoif cong. Ixvi. One half, one third, or 
one fourth the quantity of acid id more frequenUt 

Bath, Acid, Scott's, see Scott's Acid Bath. 

Bath, Air, Hot, jce Bath, hot — ^b. Air, warxK, 
see Bath, hot 

Batit, AL'gALZXS, j^arneum flUbairiium. Tttl 




may l>e made of half a pound or a ponnd of pearl- 
a*h or of carbonate of aoda, to sixty-six gallons 
of water., An'ixal, Balneum Anima'lf, consists in 
wrapping; an animal recently killed, or its skin, 
around the body, or some part of it. 

Bath, Antipsor'ic, Bal'neum anttpto'rieum. 
Recommended in cases of itch and other cuta- 
neous di.-eafies. {Potast. tulpkuret, Jir, Aqtia 
cong. Ix.) 

Bath, Axtistphilit'ic, BaVneMm antityphiW- 
icHin, Sfercn'rial bath. Made by dlRSolving from 
two (Irnehms to an ounce of the corrosive chloride 
of mercury in sixty gallons of water. 

Bath, Arm, Braehilu'vium. A bath for the arm. 

Bath, Cold, see Bath, hot — ^b. Cool, see Bath, 

Bath, Dry, is one made of ashes, salt, sand, 
Ac, The ancienbi used these frequently for the- 
rapeutical purposes. 

Bath, Earth, Arcnatio. 

Bath, Elrc'tric, (F.) Bain ilectriquef consists 
in placing the person upon an insulated stool, 
communicating, by a metallic wire, with the 
principal cimdiictur of the electrical machine in 
action. The Electric Bath produces general ex- 
citement of all the functions, and especially of 
the circuhition and secretions. 

Bath, F<»ot, Pedilu'vium, (F.) Batn de Pied, 
a bath for the feet. 

Bath, Gklat'inous, Bal'neum gelatino'eum. 
Made by dissolving two pounds of gelatin in a 
gallon of irate r, 

Bath, Oenrral, (F.) Bain Entier, is one in 
which the whole body is plunged, except the 
head; in contradistinction to \ht partial bath, 
Jlerohulniif'utn, MerobnVneum, 

Bath, Half, Semicu'pium, Excathie'ma^ In- 
cea'iio, Iiict:'ti'«n«, is one adapted for half the body. 
One, for receiving only the hips or extremities, is 
also so colled. 

The Si'tz-bnth, (G.) Sitsbad, of the hydropa- 
ih'istA i? a tub of cold water, in which the patient 
sltd for a variable period. 

Bath, Hand, Iluutthi'vium, {¥.) Bain de Main 
on Manuluve, is a bath for the hands. 

Bath, Head, Oa/>i7i7N'riitm, (F.) Bain de Tfte 
on (Mpitilnve, a bath for the head. 

Bath, II ip, Coxitlu'vinm, (F.) Bain de Fan- 
tenilf Batn de Sifge^ is one in which the lower 
part of the trunk and upper part of the thighs 
are immersed. 

Bath, Hot, Balneum Cal'idum, Zestolu'tia, 
(F.) Bain chmidf is a bath, the temperature of 
which is DS*^ and upwards; the Warm Bath 
from 92° to 98°; the Tepid Bath, (F.) Bnin 
Tiide, Balneum tep'idum, from 85° to 92°; the 
Temprrate Bath, (F.) Bain temp4rf^ from 75° 
to 85°: the Cool Bath, (F.) Bain /rata, from 
00° to 75° ; the Cold Bath, Bahietim frij'idnm, 
Prigida'rinin, (F.) Bain /raid, Bain tri-t froid, 

iof some.) from .30° to 60°; and the Vapour 
)ath, liulueum vapo'riMf (F.) Bnin de Vapeur, 

JEtuvK Htiinide, from 100° to 130°, and upwards. 
Bee Vaporarium. A Warm Air Bath, or Hot 
Air Bath, consists of air the temperature of 
which is raised. 

Bath, Mkp'icated, Balneum Ifediea'tum, (F.) 
Batn miUlicinalf is a bath, formed of decoctions 
or infusions of vegetable Substances, or of any in- 
gredient, introduced into the water for therapeu- 
tical purposes. 

Bath, Mercurial, Bath, antisyphilitic — b. 
Kitro -muriatic acid, Scott's acid bath. 

Bath, Plunge, see Bath. 

Bath, Sand, Balneum Are'na, (P.) Batn de 
SabUf consists of a vesse' filled with sand, and 
pKfCffd over thv fin. Into this ressel, the one is 

pat which eontalni the snbftaBoe to be 
rated. See Psammismui. 

Bath, Sea Water, Balneum Mar'itt, (F.) 
Bain Marie, consists of a vessel filled with boil- 
ing sea water, or salt water, in which the 
is placed, that contains the substance to be 
porated. Pain Marie is, however, at the preseol 
day often employed for any form of water bath. 

Bath, Shower, Implu'rium, is one in wbidk 
the water is made to fall like a shower on tho 
body. See Douche. 

Bath, Sitz, see Bath, half. 

Bath, Steam, may be formed by introdaefas 
steam into a properly closed vessel in placo ci 
water, as in the water baUi. 

Bath, Succes'siox, Transition hatK A teim 
applied to the rapid succession or transition from 
a cold to a warm or hot bath, or eon versely. — BelL 

Bath, Sulphur, BaVneum Sulph'urit, A bath 
much used in psora, and other chronio cntaoeoiii 
affections. It may be composed of two onnecff 
of diluted sulphurio acid, and eif^ht ouncei of 
sulphuret of potassium added to each bath. 

Bath, Tax. An astringent bath, prepared, al 
times, by boiling two or three handfuls of gnmad 
oak-bark, — such as is used by tanners — in two 
or three quarts of water, for half an hoar, and 
then adding the decoction to the water of tha 

Bath, Temperatk, see Bath, hot — b. TepU^ 
see Bath, hot 

Bath, Transition, Bath, succession. 

Bath, Vapour, see Bath, hot, and Yaponi- 
rinm — b. Warm, see Bath, hot 

Bathing is much employed in the treatment <rf 
disease. The cold bath, especiaUy the cold Ma 
bath, is a sedative and indirect tonic : the want 
bath a relaxant ; and the hot bath a stimnlanti 

The regular use of the bath is extremely coa- 
ducive to health ; but if too mnch indulged in. It 
is apt to produce injurious effects. 

Batho'nies vel Bad'izee, Aqua Soli; Aqua Bad^^ 
igua. Celebrated thermal springs at Bath, !a 
England. They contain but little impregnatioBp 
and are chiefly indebted to their teinperatan^ 
from 112° to 117° Fahrenheit, for their utUHj. 
The main ingredients are sulphate of lime, chlo- 
ride of sodium, sulphate of soda, carbonate of 
lime, protoxide of iron> fVee carbonic acid aad 

These waters are employed in the most heta- 
rogeneous cases ; and are serviceable where tho 
simple thermal springs are indicated, as in rheu- 
matism, paralysis, Ac. 

BA'TIIER, same etymon ; Balnea'riue, BaK-^ 
nea'tor, Balnen'tor, (F.) Baigneur, Ono wbo 
bathes. Anciently, the name was given to thota 
that administered baths to the diseased, — tho 
£tuv\$te9 of the French. At the present day, in 
remote districts in Germany, the country peopte 
call their medical practitioners Bader, or 'bath- 
men,' and Feldscheeren, or 'army barbers.' 

BATHMIS, Bathmu; 'base, support' Tho 
cavity of a bone, which receives the eminence of 
another ; and especially the two Foteettee at tho 
inferior extremity of the humerus into which tho 
processes of the ulna are received, during tfao 
flexion and extension of the fore-arm. 

BATIIRON, Bathrum HippoeWatin, Seawmum 
Hippoc'ratisy Bate'rion, ' a step, a ladder.' (F.) 
Bane d'Nippocrate, An instrument, used for tho 
extension of a limb, in cases of fracture or loxi^ 
tion. The description of it is found in Qaleaiy 
Oribasius, and Scultetus, with a figure. 


BATIA, Retort, 



tlMe is three lea^ei from Clennont» in France. 
The water is tepid, and contains snboarbonate 
and sulphate of soda, sulphates of lime and iron, 
nuriate of magnesia, and carbonate of lime. 

BATOS, Rubus Idseus. 


BATTALISM'US, BattarU'mut, from $mm- 
Cbv. ' to stammer.' Balbuties. Stammering with 
ae^wei^ to pronounce the R. 

BATT'ALUS, Baftanu, same etymon. A 
llammerer, a stutterer. 

BATTARISMUS, Battalismus. 

BATTAKUS, Battalus. 

BATTATA VIRGINIANA, Solanmn tubero- 

BATTEMEN3 DOUBLES, see Bruit du 
Octwr f'ftah 

BATTEMEKZ Pulsation. 

Baadrieoort is a town of France, two leagues 
and a half from Mirecourt The waters are sul- 


BAUHIX, VALVE OF, VaJvt of Tfl'pius. 
F. »/ FALLO'pirs, V, of VaRO'LIUS, Il'eo-ccecal 
F«l«, TZt-o-co/ic Valve, VaPvula lUiy Val'vula 
Colt, V. Oixri, Oper'euluni Be(, Sphincter Ilei. 
This name is given to the valve situate trans- 
Tsnelr at the place where the ileum opens into 
tte ooeeum, and which Banhin says he di9Covered 
•t Paris, in 1759. It had, however, been pre- 
Tionsly described by several anatomists; as by 
Vidns Vidius, Postius, Ac. 

BAUME, Bal8am---6. tTAcier, Balsam, chaly- 
beate — b. Aromatique, Balsam, aromatic — b. cPAi- 
fmUet, Balaam, chalybeate — b, Apopleetique, Bal- 
nm, apoplectic— 6. d'ArctRue, Arcwus, balsam of; 
ate, also. Balsam of Arcseus — 6. d^Arcfutj Un- 

rentnm elemi compositum--6. Benjoin, Benjamin 
Blane, see Amyris Opobalsamum — b. du Breeil, 
Copaiba — 6. de Canada j see Finns balsam ea — 6. 
ds Canmelle, Lauras cinnamomum — 6. de Carpa- 
tkie. Balsam of Carpathia — b. de Carthagine, see 
lUiiifera balsamnm — b. de Conetantinopfe blane, 
■ee Amyris opobalsamum — b, de Copahu, Copaiba 
— k Cordiale de Sennerte, Balsam, cordial, of 
StDnertos — b. d'Eau d feuUlet rtdiet, Mentha 
crispa — 6. de FeuiUet, Bidsam, green, of Meti — 
k de Fioraventi epirihteute, Busam, spirituous, 
•f Fioraventi — 6, de Fonreroy ou de Labordty 
Balwm of Fourcroy or Laborde — b. de Qalaad, 
Amyria opobalsamum — 6. de OenevUve, Bal- 
of Genevieve — b. Grand, Tanacetum bal- 
— b. dn Orand Caire, see Amyris opobal- 
samum — fr. Hftpnotique, Balsam, Hypnotic — b. 
BmHrifue, BaijBam, hysteric — 2». dee Jardxnt, 
Mentha viridis — 6. de Lueatel, Balsam, Luca- 
teHi's — 6. ATerrin, Balsam, nervous — b. de Peron, 
iM Kyroxyion Pcruiferum — b, du Samaritain, 
Bdsam of the Samaritan — b. Saxon^ Balsam, 
Bason — h, de Soufre, Balsam of sulfhr — b. 
4$ Sjfmpathie, Balsam of sympathy — b. Tran- 
jmUe, Balsam, tranquil — b. de Tolu, see Tolui- 
lerm balsamnm — b. de VaniUe, Vanilla^6. Vert, 
■ae Fagstra octandra — b. Vert de Metz, Balsam, 
green, of Metz — b, de Vie d* Hoffmann, Balsam 
of life, of Hoffmann — b. de Vie tie Leliivre, Tinc- 
tara aloes eomponita — b. Frat, see Amyris opo- 
balsamum — b. Vulneraire de Minderer, Balsam, 
Tolnerary, of MIndererus. 

BACRAC, {Arab.) Nitre, or salt in general. 
Ama this word comes Borax. 

ii a Tillage four leagues from Roye, department 
«f Somme. The waters are strongly chalybeate. 

BAVE, (F.) Sali'va ex ore fluent, Spuma, Hu- 
wmr Salifvue. Frothy, thick, viscid saliva, issu- 
ing frmn the month. This drivelling or elaver- 


ing, we see in children, old people, Ao. The tera 
is, also, applied to the frothy liquid, which flows 
from the mouth of rabid animals. Sauvages nsM 
it synonymously with salivation. 

BAY, CASTOR, Magnolia gUuca — b. Rose, 
Rhododendron chrysanthemum — b. Rose, Ame- 
rioan. Rhododendron maximum — b. Sweet, Lau- 
ras — b. White, Magnolia glauoa and M. maoro- 

BDALSIS, Sucking. 

BDELLA, Hirado. 

BDEL'LIUM. Myrrha imperfec^ia, Bolckon, 
Madeleon, BcUchue. A gum-rcsin, brought from 
the Levant and India, and supposed to bo ob- 
tained from a species of Amyrie, little known. 
It is solid, brittle, of a deep brown colour, of an 
acrid and bitter taste, and sweet odour. It was 
much vaunted by the ancients, but is now little 
employed. Two different gum-rosins have been 
in the shops distinguished by the names Indian 
and African bdellium. Dr. Royle was informed 
that the former was obtained from Am*ifri» Com^ 
miph'ora, growing in India and Madagascar. 
The latter is said to be from Heudelo'tia Afri* 
ca*nat which grows in Senegal. 

BDELLOM'ETER, from (iitXXa, 'a leech,' and 
fttrpov, 'measure' An instrument, proposed as 
a substitute for the leech ; inasmuch as we can 
tell the quantity of blood obtained by it, whilst 
we cannot by the leech. It consists of a cupping^ 
glass, to which a scarificator and exhausting 
syringe are attached. 




BDESMA, Flatulence. 


BEAD TREE. Melia Aiedarach. 

BEAN, CARTHAGENA, Habilla de Cartha- 

fena — b. Egyptian, Nymphsea nelumbo — b, 
'rench, Phaseolus vulgaris — b. Garden, com- 
mon, Vicia faba — b. Indian, Catalpa — b. Kidney, 
Phaseolus vulgaris — b. Malacca, Avicennia to- 
raentosa — b. Pontic, NymphsBa nelumbo — b. 
Red, Abras precatorins — b. Sacred, Nelnmbinm 
luteum — b. St Ignatius's, Ignatia amara — b. 
Trefoil tree, see Cytisine. 

BEAN TREE, WHITE, Cratsegns aria. 

BEARBERRY, Arbutus uva ursi. 

BEARD, Barba, Pogon, Oenei'on, Barhi'tium, 
(F.) Barbe, The hair which covers a part of the 
checks, the lips, and chin of the male sex, at the 
age of puberty. 

BEAR'S BREECH, Acanthus mollis— b. Foot» 
Helleboras foetidns — b. Fright, Heptallon gra- 
reolens — b. Whortleberry, Arbutus uva ursL 

BEARWEED, VeraUrum viride. 

BEASTINGS, Colostram. 


Beaugoncy is a quarter of a league from Orleans. 
The waters contain subcarbonate of soda, iron, 
magnesia, and lime. They are tonic and ape- 

BEAUMONT ROOT. Gillenia trifoliata. 

These waters are chalybeate. BMmvais is in 
Picardie, France. 

BEAVER, Castor fiber— b. Wood, Magnolia 
glauca — b. Tree, Magnolia macrophylla. 

BEBEERIA, see Bebeera. 

BEBEERINE, see Bebeera. 

BEBEERU, Sipeeri. A tree of British Ouw 
ana, which yields two alkalies — Bebeerin, Bebeem 
ri'na, Bebe^ria, and Sipeerine; and in its pro- 
perties resembles the Cinchona. It haij been re- 
ferred to Nectan*dra Bodiei. The timber of the 
tree is known to ship-boilderB by the naxnt grttm 




h^arU Tho Sulpkaie of Bthteria has been em- 
ployed in intermittents. Warbwr^9 Fevtr Jhopt, 
Tinctn'ra anti/ebri'lit Warbur'yi, an empirical 
antiperiodic preparation, have by some bevn con- 
sidered to bo a Uncture of the seeds of the Be- 
beeru, but this is questionable. 

JiECt {V') Ii»9trum, Beak. This name has 
been applied to various parts. 

BEC OORACOiDIEX, (F.) Cor'acoid beak, 
is the end uf the coraeoid process. 

BEV DE CUILLER, Ham'uluf. An instni- 
ment used for the extraction of balls. It consists 
of an iron rod, 7 or 8 inches lon;^, having at one 
extremity a small eavity, into which the ball is 
received to be drawn outwards. See Coohleari- 

BEG DE GRUE MUSQU£, Geranium Bfos- 
chatum — h, de Ome Robertin, Geranium Roberti- 
anum — 6. de Liivrtf Harelip. 

Beak of the Calamue Scripto'riwit is a small cavity 
at the superior part of the medulla oblongata, 
which fonns part of the 4th ventricle. 

BEC (Lb,) mineral WATERS OF. Bee 
is six leagues from Rouen, in Normandy. The 
water is strongly chalybeate. 

BECCABUNOA, Veronica Becoabunga. 

BECUJBSTIIE'SIS, from fiti^y 'cough/ and 
aiaOijcis, 'sensation.' The excitement or desire 
to cough. 

BECIIIA, Tuasis. 

BECUIAS, Tusais. 

BE'CIIICS, Be'ehxca, BeeKa, Bee'ehtea, Be'- 
eht'ta, from iiti^, 'cough/ (F.) Bickique»» Medi- 
cincp ndnpted for allaying cough. 

BECHITA. Bechic. 

BECnUIM, Tiissilago. 


BEOriBA, Ibicuiba. 

BED'EGAR, Bedeguar, Bede<ptardj Spon'qxa 
Cifnot'bati, Fungtu Rota'rum, F. Cjfnoe'bati, (F.) 
Pomme moM9eu»e, Eponge d'eglatUier, An ex- 
crescence, which makes its appearance on dif- 
ferent species of wild roses, and which is pro- 
duced hy the puncture of a small insect, — C^f- 
fii/M Rotm. It was formerly employed as a 
lithontriptic and vermifuge, but is not now used. 
It was sUjchtly astringent. 

ford is a \'illago, situate on the great Western 
Turnpike road from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, a 
few miles east of the chief elevation of the Alle- 
ghany mountains. There are various springs, 
saline, chalybeate and sulphureous. — The most 
celebrated contains carbonic acid, sulphate of 
magnesia, chlorides of sodium and caleium, and 
carbonate of iron. 

BEDSTRAW, Galium vemm — b. Ladies, 

E -eater, Galium mollugo, Galium vemm — • b. 
ough, Galium asprellum — b. Ladies, rough, 
Galium asprellum. 

BEE, Sax. beo. Ap\M, A, mellifiea sen dome^tfiea, 
JfeiU'ta, Melittn, (F.) Abeille, This insect was 
formerly exhibited, when dried and powdered, as 
a diuretic. 

Bkb in the Boxxet, see Insanity. 

^ BEECH, Fagus sylvatica— b. Drop, Orobanche 
Virginiana — b. Drops, false, Hypopitys lanugi- 
nosa — b. Albany, Pterospora Andit>medea — b. 
Mast, see Fagus sylvatica. 

BEEF ESSENCE, see Beef tea. 

Beep Tca, Jh» btwCnum, An infbston of bee^ 
much Uoed ia debilitating maladies, and in cm- 
vaLecence. It may be made as follows : Take 
two pounds and a half of leam beef; cut it in 
tinall pieces into three parts of toater [n an earthen 
jnpkhk : lot this limmer, but never boil, until the 

liquor is consumed to a pint and a half : thfli 
strain carefully. It ought to be entirely fret 
from fat or grease. — Dr. E. J. Seymour. 

E$9ence of beef — as it has been called — ^mnrbe 
made by putting a pound of good beef, freed mai 
fat, and cut into small pieces, into a porter-bottle, 
corking lightly. The bottle must be put Into 
boiling water, and kept there until the water \m 
been boiling at least half an hour. As the boiUng 
goes on, the cork may be inserted a little more 
tightly, to retain the contents of the bottle. Tlie 
juices of the beef are thus separated, and oonsti- 
tute the ' essence,' which may be seasoned to the 
taste. It contains much nutriment. 

BEEN, Centaurea behen. 

BEER, Cerevisia— b. Black, tee Falltranek— 
b. Pipsissewa. see Pyrola umbellata. 

BEET, Beta. 

BiOAIEMENT, Balbuties. 

BEGMA, — according to some, Bregma, — froa 
fin^ativ or 0fnctrtt¥f * to expectorate after cough- 
ing.' Coughing; also, the sputum or expeotorated 
matter. — ^11 ippocrates. 

BEGO'NIA. The Begonia grandi/o'ra and 
B. tomento'ta have astringent roots, which are 
used in Peru in cases of hemorrhage, sonrvy, low 
feverfl, Ac. 

BioUE, Balbus. 

BE II EN ABIAD, Centaurea behen — (. Al- 
bum, Centaurea behen — b, OflBcinarum, Cnea- 
balus behen — 6. Rouge, StaUce limonium — K 
Vulgaris, CncubaluB behen. 

BEHMEN ACKMAR, StaUce Umonium. 

BEIAHALALEN, Sempervivum tectoram. 

BEIDELSAR, Asclepias procera. 

BEJUIO, Habilla de Carthagena. 

BELA-AYE or BE-LAHK A tonio and 
astringent bark of a Madagascar tree. Du-petiU 
Tbouara and Sonncrat thiiik it m^y be substi- 
tuted for the Simarouba. 

BELADAMBOC. A species of convolvulus of 
the Malabar coast, which contains an acrid milkr 
juice. From this a liniment is formed with ofl 
and ginger, which is used against the bites of 
rabid animnls. 

BE-LAHE, Bela-aye. 

BELA-MODAGAM. A kind of S!f<rr,Ja of 
the Malabar coast, the leaves of which are con- 
sidered diuretic and emmenagogue. 

BELAXDRE, (F.) A litter, surrounded with 
cnrtains, in which patients are sometimes carried 
to hospitalfl. 

BELCHING, Emctation. 

BELEMNOID, Belenoid. 


or BEL'OID, BetenoVdet or Belemnoi'dee Pro~ 
ce^'gtui, from ffcXotj 'an arrow,' and ttiot, 'shape.' 
This name has been given to styloid processee 
in general — Proceeeu* bel^enoVdee, 

BELESME, see Bellesme. 

BELESON, Biilsara. Mussfcnda frondoea. 

BELILLA, Musssanda frondosa. 

BELINUM. Apium Graveolens. 

BELI OCULU.S. Belloenlus. 

BELL, CANTERBURY, Campanula tracho. 

BELIADONE. Atropa belladonna. 

BELLADON'NA, in the Pharmai^opcela of the 
United States, w the oflOtcinal name of the leavet 
of Atropa Belladonna. 

Belladoxna Baccifera, Atropa belladomuH-k 
b. Trichutoma, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLE DAME, Atropa belladonna. 

BELLEGU. Myrobalanus. 

BELLEREGI, Mvrobalanns. 


kkl1«*aw ii klwat three lea^ti Erein HaDtagnc 

wttm ■■ Ballpjf. dE[>arttn(ot of Ain, in FnncB, 

BELLIDOISES, Chryunlhcmiuii Incan- 

BKLLI^v Btam Cpteltj,') B. pern'"' «•» 

Ort i ituart, Cammim Vain. \V.j Pm, 
tmtt. fftu Margntriu. The I»tm i 
m ntbai ■erid. Tbcj oere, *C oa« 


nu> QoBTCssu, Bellii — b. Major, Chrjuo- 

IWB l*afsDth*inam — b. Minor, BsUii — b. 

BfUil — b. Prfttaiuia, ChrfunthiinBin 

I METAL, Cl'eotot, (7.) Airain, ilHal 
<f«« tlvtir*. Aq klloj of copper, iJDC> Lin, and ft 
emU <iDuillL7 vt ■ntimon;, aiti for Dmlilng 
bttU. Th* mortsn of the ipotbemrj ve adcri 
fansed »f Ma nuteriil. Tha; raiiniri- to b« k«pt 
dnm. M •TDM the fonnMion of reriligris. 

BELLOCULUS, Brti W^m. A kind of gem, 
■hKh th» AvjHuiB eoniidered efficuHona En the 
cure id mtnj diHuu. They imft^ncd thtt the 
figw vi an ej« ooold b« BCfln in It, Ukd hflnM Iti 

BKLLOS. Colic, metallie. 

BSLL0TAS, ■« «» major. 

BKLLOW3' GOU:TD,£n.ifiJe>«^f(— h.l.Ea- 
Mphilic, M«e Bnil dt Kuffiel. 

BiLLD*^ 6oiT<ib, Fmnc, a (!ng1a munoOT of 
Ac Mioix kind. aj^diranDaa wiDi (bs Drat 
•asBil of the bMit; beari bj lome obtorven, 
•ad MftmH b7 thma to ditniniihcd calibre of the 
IBDkilical attMiea, aithar b; preuuie or itioUliiDg 
«f Ik* h^a. or bolb. 

BlU-OVa' &ICX1I, Pl-ACEXTtL, Bruil Jllacen- 

BHLLT, r. , - „ ,. 

bag nr pooeb.' At tba pnteDt da;, the abdom< 
twnnij, all the iplanrtmia faiilieB wore oalled 
_trllit'/ — the loiKr IfUf, ecMer In'fimm, being 
' tte •Memm ; the miildlt hrltf, rtnltr m'Jiti. 
tbeUiarKi; and tht Hfprr htlh, onirr tupri'mvt, 
ttr hiad. Alia, the wumb. See Venter. 

BBLLT-ACQ, CoUea — b. Drj, CdUo, na- 
WHe— b. Root, Aogaliea tnrida. 

BKLLY-BAND. Btlt, RDuiaa. 

BBLLT, POT. Pbjieonia, 

BKLHCecHCS, HlblKwi abelnoaBbab 

BELKILBa, MTTobalaniu. 

BBLOID, Belanoid. 



BBLOROltBS. Stjleid. 

BBLOMOID, Bdenoid. 

Bll/e in, BdkNnlo*. 

BBLT, B;r8SIA!F, fntra'D,— Tnlgmrlr, Billy- 
!■■< — Md ominitl lappnrrrr, A broad bandage 
applied to Ibe abdoman, M a« U> support, and 
■ak* methodlsl pnHtnn npan it. DllTennt 

a dart,* and ■.: 

fkna< hi 

ol (iDpnTler^ it. 
BKLULTCM. from &iXt. 
U.' AnbHtonneDi 
Tova. Haoy innnnienta of tb 
_ aatloed bj lUf^eonA.— Ambroa 
\ ffkkrteto* afc AqUFendealL 
' BKLCOK, B««iamiii. 
tKLZOlM. B«jaiBin. 
BBLSOtKDM, Benjaiain. 
BSK. OaOaodina moringBc-b. of Judsi 
liwin li fCot, Onilandina laortoga- 
BBXATB, PualnU. 



bIs^FWE DE la nature, BaneCelt 
laturai-i, d., Me BeneDelam natur*. 



dlgeasea hate got 
^Dt Wiib tbwn, 
Btt'ffii-.i Jt iiolure, or B. lit mttrr, ia aTonnrmnas 
a1» wiib AlviPnfiu'tium,~% ipoDtanuiaa diar- 
rboea. onea acUog f*Toutahlj either in the pra- 

BENBL, Croton racamtiaDD. 

BENEOLENS, from i^n., -wetl,* and oUrt, <tO 
ainpl!.' Euo'dti. Suavicttiu. A awoat-aeentdd 
meilrrtne, aa guma, Ae. 

BKNO, Bangue. ■ 

BE\GALE INDORPM, Caiuranmniar. 

BKXGAL BOOT, CaaaniDuaiar. 

BENOI, HTOicjamua. 

BKXlaN', B.„ig'nut, E»rtV,.. (F.) Btmn, 
B(ni!/Me. Diacaiea o* ■" " ' 

B^mS, BmiffD. 

I'fHiia. .diaa oifara'M^ 

, Aa«i liitlfi*, Bm'JaOK, Bmm'- 

;»un, B,U^ Btbpim. £«>-»l. AyVw-a Amm*- 

Binjiii, BinfuiH, Ala rfolnii, J 

tol. Bm B/Juda'a, Aror hntt/inm, Hal At"idum 
aeu tw»t>'a'b aea rolafiU Bmeti, If.) Bttijmn, 
B'lumt B^jain, Aita deux. A radnoua, dry, 
brittle mbataoae, ohulned ttom ."H^nu! Bnutin, 
Arbor BeHiti, Launii Anioi'ii, of Sumatra. The 
odoar la eitremelr (Vaeraiit, and tuta allebUj 
arotnatla. It {> prineipall; aaed Tor tbe prepar*. 

amplojed in e< 
eipeelorant. I 

Benjamin la In 
(FO «"./»■■ 

mlnenuy ttncti 

id«n, B*^ 

rom it bv rablimation. The pnrait 
n ami/gdatiiid moHa : hence called 

r. FloitrM or. Btn'toie Add, At"- 

ienBi, FInrtt BftHOh, Flertt Btuta'. 

ttii, Jie;au,fi Br„v,'!rH«> ptr .alUmalio-nim, (P.) 

ArCda Bttatiqiu-. Thia wld exiata in all tbe 

balumi, but chisSf in Benioln, from wbieh it tt 

obtained b; subUraallon. It ia In vanilla, cacell^ 

the nrina oflnhati, and of hfrbivoroui animal*. 

Ila odonr la aroraatio and fragrant; taaTe hot, 

sligbllr aoiduloiu, and agroeablo. The orfMala 

eoOBist of wbite. aatln; Bahea, >IlEbtl7 ducUle. 

It i« prababi; atSisuluit; and hai haan oaod, a* 

iDch, in i;broiiic cstanb; but it baa little eOoaej. 

BENJAOY, Benjamin. 


BEKJl!I. Baqjamia. 

BEM MOENJA. A Malabar tree. Ad aleii- 

intij, ■ 

of ila n 

,,...._.. , iliedinai 

t rarer. Ita bark, boikd *ii 


a decoctic 

'a of ma- 

DENNE. Bi-aarnqm orieatata. 

BENNBT. HERB, Oeuni urbannm. and Q. 

BESOlTE. Oeom orbanHm — *. Aq«niiq<u, 
Gaum riTBle — b. df B^uteaui^ Geum riviUe — 
b. rft r.V.|'*'""'. Oan" VifglnianniB 

BBNZIN, aaeAnioHhatic. 

BEN'ZOATB of AMMOSIA, Ammonin bao- 

BEMZOH, Benjunin. 

BENZOENIL, Vanilla. 

BESZQIS, Benjamin— b. Odoribrom. IjOOW 



BERBEKIS, Oiycuthi 
■1, im OxyMDUia UalenL 

BERVB. Henclenm (poDdjIlum. 

BERENDAROS, Osjmam bauliaun. 

BERENICE, SdccIdhiiu 


BEKEMISECUM, ArUmiiia Talgarii. 

BEKGAMOTB, Btrgamaeta, (F.^ BtTgamatU 
A imtll onDg«, of k rary ■grsiblt tiute; u) 
paculiM- odour. From iU biuk ui oil, (Mam 
^eiV"'"". (Pb. U.S.) ii obUintd, wbioh if mnc' 
employed u ■pnfUme, .- ■ .. 

BER'IBERI, Bmht'ria, SyH-donm Biribr'- 
ria, l<,a.,t<in'd>miu, ParaPgsU Btr'ibtri, ttom 
beri in the Singhileie liuit;usge, nbicb tigniflei 
' w«ikknou j' tberffoTfl, Lmberi. ' grf «t WMknesi.' 
Tbii irord is klio uld to h» HindiuUiuiH, ud 
to meu a ilittp. ~ Bonliu. Beriberi Ii u In- 1 
diui di(«ue, hUle known in Europs. Il con- 
■latB in debilitj tad tremon oT tha limbt, — »ni«- 
Umta, indeed, of tbe nhole bodj; with puiaful 
sambneii of tbe iffccted parti, tc : — the pulent 
making doubled J and imlUtlnB tbe moiemanta 
of aheep ! Some aLOthon bave eitMmed it rb«D' 
matio ; otben, pualjllc ; otbera, to ba a kind of 
oboraa. It ia, alnuwt nlwaj'e, Incnrabtaj ia 
twnlj fatal; and ia treated bj flierciae, atimn- 
lant friction, andarillea, As. It ia aometimoi 
odted Bar'bitr; but thU wanid aeem t« ba a 
dilTerent diaaaaa. 

BERtCOCCE, Pranoe amentan. 


BERLUB, Matamorpbopeia. 

Invalida an oeeaaionallj aent to Bermnda, bat 
the prindpal objeetlou to > winter reaideaee 
there, ia the preTalausa of stmng winda ; eape- 
dallj of tba izj, sbaip, and cold north-weat 
winds, daring the Hiater and apriag. StiU, it 
klurda a good winter retreat for the pbthiiical, 
from any part of the United Statea, proTided dne 
oara be aelected in ehooalng a suitable locally. 
The neighboDrbood of Uamiltoa hai bsen itronglj 
recommended with Ihla view. 


BERRIES, INDIAN, aee Meniapannum ooe- 
mluB— b. TurkBj, yellow, eee Piper eobeba. 

BERS. A aort of electnaxj, oorapoaed of pep- 
per, Aced of the white hjoacyamni, opinm, onphor- 
Dlma, aaffron, Ac The Egyptiana naed it aa an 
•loitant-^Pronpero AlpinL 

Id Champagne, Franea. Tha watari an ilightl; 

BERtTLA, Sinm nodUlDrnni— h. ADguUfolia, 
Siam Dodiaomm. 

BtlSASA, Rata. 

BBSICLES, Speetaolea. 

BESOHf, VluA—b. dt Rapinr, aea Want— 
\.dtla Vii, Keceiairj of life. 

BES&AKEM. A word oaed by Afleenna, for 
redneaa of the akin, limb*, and lace, produced by 
the action of cold. 

BESSONSE. \ ^ «"»•«■»• 

BETA. Tha B«t, fflVa/o, (P.) B«W«, J»e«<- 
rmt, family, ChanopodeB. Sa. Sf"- Pnlan- 
dria Digynia. A ganni of planta, i^ which the 
fcllowinfr are the chief vaiietiea. 

Bara Ut'iudi, SooI of Scardly. Snot nd, 
oaMlda; while, within. Very nabitlTa; yleldi 


BxTATiTui'EiiKiTMa, Bfi BnU Roatial 

aod nutriliTa; yielda a amall qnantltj ofiofir. 

BETEL, PiyrritWc'. Aapecie*aFpeppar,iiL 
tiTaled in aereraJ parW of India, The Kaatb- 
diana are in the habit of ehewinf- tha IraTei with 
lime and areea; and the j girc the name BtulU 
thia praparntiun. It ia naed in all tha c<iuataria] 
eoDntrica of Aaia. Betel la aaid to be toi.le aal 
aatringanL It it aln ealled Btttt, Bttrt, Btdt, 
Bae Area. 

BETIIROOT, TrilUnm latifoliuB— h. Bn^. 
leaf, Trilliam lalifullum. 

/rir/5£. Dementia. 

B&TOIXE, BctoDiu offlcinalU— i. if« Jb» 
(B^iHf, Arnica Montana— krfu &i»jrarib, At- 

BirON, Coloatrnm. 

UETONICA AQUATICA, Sotopholaiia aqot- 

Bitor'ica Omcoa'LiE, Catntt, Btton'iaa 
DNr^iH'ni, r<:lait'i« Ciirdi, Ae., £«'(«>, WaU 
BelMK, FrycliBl-ropitaK, Vmni'ttt pMrj^TM, 
(F.) Btlaio,. Fawiily, Ubutc. &v. Sjtt. Bi- 
dynamia QyQiaoap«ruiia. Betony imi In outeh 
eateam amongat the ancienta, wbo employed tht 

cephalalgia, Ac It waa ao called, according It 
Pliny, from being in great repute among th.TtU 
tonea, or Beltonci, an ancient people of Bpaia, 

in praiae of it; recommending It la no leaa tbMt 
17 dllTeract dieeaaet. It hot, however, little or 
no lirtaa. The ietTU an aaid to be aperiaa^ 
and the root emetic 

BbiosicA PjIcu, Veronica. 

BKTOSr, Betonica oBcinalia— b- Paol'i, I^ 
copna ainoatua, Lycopni Yiiginicni — b. VaM, 
Scrophnlacia aqnatica-— b. Wood, BetonIcA oA^ 

B&TBE, BeteL 

BETTE, Beta. 


BBT'ULA ALBA. The Bin\, (F.) BoWnn 

cDHinaii, The yoUDg leaves an slightly Ddonn^ 
aatiingent, and bitter. They an applied tM 
wonnda aod ulcers. They bare been regarded 
aa antiaoorhntio and anthelminlto. The tree Air. 

Betula EnARSiHATa, AlnoB glnllnot a b . Qln* 

Uoou, Alnas glutinosa. 

BiTULA Lknta, Sttttt Birth, Btatk Binli, 
Chtrry Bireli, J/mafuVa Jfaiogany, il an Ameri- 
can spceiee, the bark and leaves of which htTt 
the smell and laaM of Qaultberia procumbeot. 
An infusion il aometimet made of them, and uaed 
aa an excitant and diephoretia. The rolatiU oil 
ia nearly it not wholly identical with that of 

BBUIiRE, Bntter— ft.(feSaMk>w,Buttaror 
bambune — 4. dt Cacao, Butler of earao — b. it 
Ooca, Bnlter of cocoa-i, VLjiiaU, Perteagatit- 

BenvrigDj ia in the lieinity of Bayeu in Ki». 

mandj. The water is chalybeata. 
BE WE, Diplopia. 
BEXi Xuaaie_b. ConmlaiTa, FerlnHit— b.HB- 

j mids, Eipfcloratiun—b. Theriodea, Parlasaia. 

i IlEXTR. Tiiuii. 

BEXIE, Tuuia. 

BEXU'OO. Under thia name, 
-ODt waa formerly introdared into 
Pern. It is auppoaed to hare been 


BEZ'OAR, Brtfaar, Bn'tiard,Pa'wmAmr,bOK 

a nib- I Persian Pa, 'aitBinat,' and laAnr, poiaon. ZapA 

~ ir'i/ims, Cal'eului Ba^oar, BmuneiOmB*- 




woma'dmt, Bemtwrd* A ealenloiis eonoredon, foand 
fai th« •tomMh, intostinesi and bladder of ani- 
mi^ Wonderful Tirtues were formeriy attri- 
Imted to theee Beioars. There were two great 
Taiietiee: the Bafoar oriemtaUif An'imal Btwoar*- 
ticmm orienta'Ut formed in the fourth stomach of 
the gaselle of India {QuMeVla In'dieaf or rather 
AmHl'opi eerviea'pra :) and the Bm^oar oeciden- 
ta'ti^ AHtmal BeMoar^ticum oeeidenta'Uy found in 
the fourth stomach of the wild goat or ehamoit 
of Peru. These substances were esteemed to be 
powerful alexipharmics ; but the former was the 
more valued. It was believed that no poison, 
and no emptiTe, pestilential^ or putrid disease, 
eould resist its influence. As so many virtues 
were ascribed to it, other a&imsl concretions were 
substituted for it ; and facUtious Besoards were 
made of crabs' eyes and claws, bruised and mixed 
with musk, ambergris, Ac 

Bez'o JLK Bovi'MUM, (F.) Bitooord dm Bctuf, Bt- 
Moard of the beef, A concretion formed hi the 
fourth stomach of beeves ; slso, a biliary calcu- 
lus found in the gall-bladder. 

Bbi'oar of thk Dbsr, B. of tke Laeh'rymal 
Fo99a of ike JhtTf Deev'* Tear», A moist, highly 
odorous, fatty matter, found below the anterior 
canthus of the orbit of the red deer — Oermu eVe- 
pkoB, It has been used, like castor, as an anti- 
spasmodic, in the dose of from 6 to 15 grains, two 
or three times a day. 

Bbzoar Eqimuir, Besoard of the horse — b. 
Hystricis, Beioard of the Indian porcupine. 

Bbs'oard or Catmak. This was once much 
prised. It is now unknown. 

b£zOABD BtALLEMAQNE, iBgagropila. 

Bbz'oabd or THB Chamois, and B. or thb 
HoBSB, Bewoar equi'numf Hippol'ithiM, Ac, exhi- 
btt their origin in the name. 

Bbz'oabd or THE Ikbiah Por'cupinb. Beafoar 
Hjft^irieU, Lapis Pere%*nutf Lapis Malueen'eit, 
Petro del Poreo, (F.) Binoard de Pore-ipie, was 
formerly the dearest of all the Besoards, and was 
told at an enormous price in Spain and Portugal. 

Bbs'oabd MimsBAL, Antimonium diaphoretl- 
cnm — b. Vegetable, see Calappite. 

BBZOAR'DIC, Beaoar'dieHt, ( F.) Bfzoardique; 
coneeming the besoard. Besou^dic medicines are 
thoee supposed to possess the same properties 
with the besoard ; as antidotes, alexiteria, alexi- 
pharmics, cordials. 

BEZOABDICA RADIX, Dorstenia eontra- 

eeutieal preparation, regarded by the ancients as 
antihysteric It was formed of protoxide of lead, 
batter of antimony, and nitric acid. 

Bbzoar'dicitm HnvA'HCM. Urinary oalcnll 
were formerly employed under this name as 
powerful alexipharmicc 

Bbsoar'dicuii Jovia'lI. a sort of greenish 
powder, used as a diaphoretic, and formed of an- 
timony, tin, mercury, and nitric acid. 

Bbioab'oicum Luba'bI. a medicine formerly 
regarded as a speoifio in epilepsy, convulsions, 
megrim, Ac It was prepared of nitrate of sil- 
ver, and butter of antimony. 

Bbsoab'dicvm MABTiA'Li. A tonic medieine, 
used by the ancients in diarrhcea. It was pre- 
pared from the tritoxide of iron and butter of an- 

BBX0AB'mci7M Mbroubia'lC. a medieine, 
formerly vaunted as an antisyphilitio, and pre- 
pared from the mild chloride of mercury, butter 
of antimony, and nitric acid. 

Bbxoab'dioum MimcBA'Ll; the deutozide of 
•Btimony ; so oalled because its properties were 
npposed to resemble those of animal besoard. 

Smoa&'dioux SoiiA'Bl. A diaphoittio medi- 

cine, prepared of gold filings, nitrio add, and 
butter of antimony. 

Bbzoar'dicum Ven'brii. a pharmaceutica} 
preparation, formerly employed in lepra, diseases 
of tixe brain, Ac ; which was made from filings 
of copper, butter of antimony, and nitric acid. 

BHANG, Banguc 

BI, as a prefix to words, has the same signifi* 
cation as Di. 


BIBITORIUS, Rectus internus oculi. 

BIBLIOO'RAPUT, MED'ICAL, from ^t0\»t, 
. a book,' and yp^f^t * I describe.' Skill in the 
knowledge of medical books. The most distin- 
guisded medical biographers have been: J. A. 
VAjr DBR LufDXN, Amstclod. 1662, octavo, (L.) 
M. LiPBKiuB, Francf. ad Masv. 1679, fol. (L.) 
O. A. Mbrcki^ih, Norimb. 1686, (L.) J. J. 
Mamobt, Genev. 1695 to 1731, (L.) Tarih (ana- 
tomical,) Paris, 1753, (F.) A. voir Hallbr, 
Ziirich, 1774, Ac. (L.) VxoiLns yob Crbot- 
ZBNrBLD (surgical,) Vindob. 1781, (L.) C. G. 
Kubb, Lips. 1794, ^L.) C. L. Schwbicxabo 
(anat, phys., and legal medicine,) Stuttgardp 
1796 to 1800, (L.) G. G. Ploucqubt, Tubing. 
'1808 to 1814, (L.) C. F. Bvrdach, Gotha, 1810 
to 1821, (G.) J. S. Erbcb, (since 1750,) Leips. 
1822, (G.) Th. Ch. Fr. Ebbub, (of Germany, 
since 1750,) Berlin, 1826, (G.) J. B. Mobtpal* 
COB, Paris, 1827, (F.) J. Forbes, M. B., F. R. 
6., London, 1835. A. C. P. Callisbb, Copen- 
hagen, 1845, (G.) £. MoRWiTZ, Leipcig, 1849, 

BICAUBALIS, Retrahens auris. 

BICAUDA'TUS, Cauda'tut, ' double^taUed.' 
A monster having two tails. 

BICEPHA'LIUM, Bieepkanium. A hybrid 
word, from 5t and xt^aXn, * head.' Sauvages ap- 
plies this epithet to a very large sarcoma on the 
head, which seems to form a double head. 

BICEPHALUS, Dicephalus. 

BICEPS, from 6m, 'twice,' and caput, 'head.' 
That which has two heads. This name has been 
particularly given to two muscles; one belonging 
to the arm, the other to the thigh. 

BicBPS Extbr'bub Mub'cvlus. The long por- 
tion of the Trieept Braehia'Ut. — Douglas. 

BiCBPS Flbxor Cruris, Bicepe Cntris, Bieept, 
(F.) Bicepe Crural, Bieepe Fem'orie, h' chio-fem* ~ 
oro-p^roiiier— (Ch.) A muscle on the posterior 
part of the thigh ; one head arising from the tn- 
berosi^ of the ischium, and the other from a 
great part of the linea aspera. It is inserted into 
Uie top of the fibula. It serves to bend the leg 
on the thigh. 

BiCBPS Flexor Cu'btti, Bieepe Bra'ehii, Chr*^ 
aeo-radia'lie, Bicepe, Bieepe maniUr, Bicepe in- 
tef'mu, Bieepe inter^nut ku'meri, (F.) Soapulo-ra-' 
dial, (Ch.) — Bietpa BrackiaL A muscle, situate 
at the anterior and internal part of the arm ; ex- 
tending from the edge of the glenoid cavity and 
from the top of the coracoid process to the tube- 
rosity of the radius. It bends the fore-arm upon 
the arm. 

BICHE DE MEB, Sea Slug. A molluscous \ 
animal, belonging to the genus Holothuria, which ' 
is caught amongst the islands of the Fe^ee group. 
New Guinea, Ac, and when prepared finds a 
ready sale in China, where it is used as an ingre- 
dient in rich soups. 

BTCHET, Terra Orleana. 

BICUICH'Ifi. Pectoral mediefnee, composed 
of liquorice jnioe, sugar, blanched almonds, Ao^-~ 

BICHI08, Dracnncnlns. 

BICHO, Draounonlus— b. di Cnlo, Proetocae«^ 

BIOHO& A PortaguMe nana ftr the wonu 




iLat penetntM the to«i pt people in the Indiei ; 
and which are destroyed by the oil of the caahew 

BICIP'IT AL, from hicept {hit and caput) 'two. 
beaded.' Relating to the biceps. 

Bicip'iTAL Oroovb, (F.) Coultst on OoMitiir§ 
hicipitaU, OouliMe hmmfraU, (Ch.,) is a longitu- 
dinal groove, situate between the tuberosities of 
the OS humeri, which lodges the long head of the 

Bicip'iTAL Tu'bercle, Bicipital tuberosity , 
(F.) TuMrotiti hicipitalc; — a prominence near 
the upper extremity of the radius, to which the 
tendon of the biceps is attached. 

BICORNE RUDE, Ditrachyceros. 

BICUS'PID, Biewpida'tn; from hi; 'twice/ 
•nd evspia, 'a spear.' That which has two points 
or tubercles. 

Bicus'riD Tbkth, Dcntet Bicuspida'tif (F.) 
J)cnts hieH9pidie9t the small molares. See Molar. 

BIDEN8 AGMELLA, 8pUanthu8 acmella. 

BIDET, (F.) Bidet i pronounced beeday. A 
0mall horse formerly idlowed to each trooper for 
earrying his baegage. Hence, perhaps, applied 
to a chamber bathing apparatus, which has to be 
bestridden. It is a useful arrangement, in case^ 
of hemorrhoids, prolapsus ani, aJIeotions of the 
•exnal organs, Ac 

BIECIIO, Bische. 

BI^REt Cererisia. 

BIESTINGS, Colustmm. 

BIf£M0R0'CALCANIEN, OastrocnemiL 

BIFURCATION, Bifurea'tio, from Wt, Hwioe,' 
and furcaf 'a fork.' Biviaion of a trunk into 
two branches ; as the hifurcativn of ike trachea, 
morta, Ac. 

BIGASTER, Digastrions. 

BIG BLOOM, Magnolia maerophylla. 

BIGEMINAL BODIES, Quadrigemina taber- 

BIOOAR, A disease of Bengal, remarkable 
for the intensity and danger of the cerebral symp- 
toms. — Twining. 

BIG-LEAF, Magnolia maerophylla. 

BIGLESt see Strabismus. 

BIGNONIA CATALPA, Catalpa— b. Radi- 
eans, Tecoma radioans. 

Bio!fo'HiA 15'dioa. The leaTOS are employed 
in India, as emollients, to ulcers. 

BIJON, see Pinus sylvestris. 

lay is a town in France, two leagues from Thonar, 
department of Deux Sevres, near which is a ther- 
mal sulphureous spring. Temperalure about 77** 

BILBERRY, Vaccininm myrtUlns—b. Red, 
Yacoinium vitis idsBa. 

BILE, Bilif, Fel, CkoVoe, CMi, Choler, (F.) 
BiU, Fi^. A yellow, greenish, yisdd, bitter, 
nauseous fluid, secreted by the liver. It is dis- 
tinguished into hepatic and cyatie ; according as 
it flows immediately into the duodenum from the 
liver or trom the gall-bladder. It oontMUs, ac- 
cording to Muratori« water; a peculiar &tty 
matter; colouring matter, (Cholepyr'rhin or BUi-' 
pha'im ;) eholesterin, combined with soda ; picro- 
mel or 6i7in ; extract of flesh, mucus; soda, phos- 
phate of sodaj phosphate of lime, and chloride 
of sodium. 

The use of the bile is to remore from the body 
superfluous hydro-carbon ; and it is probably in- 
Monrient to useful purposes in digestion. 

Bile, Furunoulus — b. Black, Atrabilis — 6. de 
1«m/, see Bile — b. RepanduCf Icterus. 

BiLB OP THE Bear, tiall of the Bear, Fel Uraif 
was thought to be anti-epileptic ; and that of the 
JBel, Fel anguil'lm, to facilitate labour. 
BlUB or TBI 0^ GaU </ tU0x,09 Oatt, Fel 

Tauri, Fel Bovie, F. Bopi^tum, (F.) BiU deBmiA 
was once reputed cosmetio and detergent ■&»• 
otalgic and emmenagogue ; aa well aa to poiisti 
the power of facilitating labour. It haa alao bass 
given as a bitter stomachic and anthelmiatie; 
and as a tonic and laxative, in cases of dt&cimej 
of the biliary secretion. 

BIL'IABY, Bilia'rie, Biiia'rime, FePkm 
That which relates to bile. 

Bil'iart Appara'tdb, B, orgemtf B. pa m ag te. 
The ooliection of parts that oonoor in the socn- 
tion and excretion of bile : — via. the liver, pori 
biliari or tubuli biliferi; hepatic, eystie, aad 
oholedoch ducts, and gall-bladder. 

Bil'iart Concre'tiokb are conoretioui fovad 
in some parts of the biliary appa r atas. 
Biliary Ducts, Pori biliarii. 
BILIMBI. Averrhoa bilimbL 
BILIMBING TERES, Averrhoa bilimbL 
BILIN, PicromeL 

BIL'IOUS, Bilio^eue, ChoCicue, ChoTime, reU 
lin'eve, Epieh'oloe, Picroeh'oloe, FeVleme. (F.) 
Biliewc That which relates to bile, eontains 
bile, or b produced by bile. An epithet glTm 
to certain constitutions and diseases, which ara 
believed to be the efiect of superabandanoe of Iha 
biliary secretion: aa Bilioue temperamiemtf B, 
eympiomtt B, fever, 
BILIPUiEIN, see Bile. 
BILIS FLVXIO, Cholera morlnu. 
BILITICUS, Cholagogue. 
BIUVERD'IN, from bUie, 'bOe,' and mridie, 
' green.' On adding an acid to a solution of tiia 
yellow oolonring matter of bile, a precipitate oi 
green flocculi t^es place, which possesses aU the 
properties of ohlorophyll, or the green eolooriaf 
matter of leaves. This is the biliverdim of Baiw 
BILOCULAR, see Uniloonlar. 
BI'MANUS, from bie and auiiiiM, 'a hand. 
One that has two hands. A term applied only 
to man, because he is the sole mammifenNU ud- 
mal that possesses two perfect hands. 
BINDER, Bandage. 

BINDERS, OBSTETRIC, see Belt, RasaiaB. 
BINDWEED, Polygonum avicnlare — b. Fid^ 
die-leaved. Convolvulus panduratus — b. Grca^ 
Convolvulus sepium — b. Lavender-leaved, Coa- 
vohnilus Cantabrica — ^b. Sea, Convolvulus scrfda- 
nella — b. Virginian, Convolvulus pandurataa. 
BINKOHUMBA, Phyllanthus urinaria. 
BINOCULAR, Binorula'rie : same etymon aa 
the next Relating to or affecting both eyea— aa 
' b\nt>cular vieiou* — vision with both eyes ; or from 
impressions made upon both retinsB, which ara 
amalgamated into einqle vieiom, 

BINOC'ULUS, Bi'n'ocle, IHophtharmiea FaS» 
da, Oc'vlie dupler, from bit, * twice,' and ectdMe, 
<an eye.' (F.) (Bit dtmble. A bandage applied 
over both eyes. It was, also, formerly ealled 

BIN'SICA. Disorder of the mind. Aoeovd- 
ing to Van Hxlmont, an atrophy of the orgaa 
of imagination. 
BIOCHYMIA, Chymistry, vitaL 
BIOD, Vifl vitalis. 

BIODYNAM'ICS, Biodynam'ica, Biodynam'^ 
iei, Butettph'ia, fn>m /Stoc, 'life,' and hnrnfut, 
* power,' * force.' The doctrine of the vital ao« 
tivitv, or forces. 
BIOGAMIA. Magnetivm, animaL 
BIOLOGY. Phvs'iitlogy. 

BIOLYCHNION. '//lo/yrA'ittHm, fW>m 0nt, 
'life,' and Xvxvtov, 'a lamp.' Innate bent, vitri 
heat, animal heat. Lyck'nium, Lychnid*iwm, 
Tk^rmum em'phytuwi, Flamwm sea Flam^wmim 




•en eonltr. Abo, a Moret prepsntloii of 
vfaioh Bb<iuih and Buroratb make meaUon. 

BIOLYSIS, see Biolytie. 

BIOLYT'IC, Bioljft'UM; from fif^, Mife,' and 
>««!(, ' solation/ Relating to the dettraction of 
life. A ' bioljftic agent' is one that oansei friol'y- 
•ie, or destroctioB of life. — Sohnlts. 

BIOMAONETISMUS, Magnetism, animaL 

BIONOMY, Physiology. 

BIOPH.SN0MfiN0L0GU, Physiology. 

BIOS, ^«f. Life. Also, what is neoeisary for 
the preservation of life. 

BIOSOPHIA, Biodynamies. 

BIOSTATICS, StatisUos, medieaL 

BIOTS, Life. 

BIOTUAN'ATI, Biaiotkan'aii, from 0iot» 
'life/ and ^avmnt, < death.' Those who die of a 
Tiolent death yery suddenly, or as if there was 
Ao space hetween lift and deatlu 


BIOTICS, Physiology. 

BIOTOMIA, ViTiseotioB. 

BIPARISTAL SUTURE, Sagittal sntore. 

BIPIN'NA, from bit, 'twice,' and pinna, <a 
wing-feather.' A term vsed by the aneients for a 
dimiantire penis, not exoeeding is sise two quills^ 

BIRy Thorax. 

BIRA, Ceievisia. 

BIRCH, Betula alb«r-b. Black, Betula lenta-- 
b. Cherry, Betula lenta — b. Sweet, Betula lenta. 

BIRDS' NEST, Hypopitys lanuginosa. 

BIRTH, CROSS, Presentation, preternatural 
K Lire, see Bora alive — b. Plural, see Muiti- 

BIRTHWORT, Aristoloehia--b. Snakeroot, 
Aristolochia serpentaria. 

BISCHB, Bieeho, A malignant kind of dy. 
■entery, which often prevails in the island of 

BISCUIT, BUeoc'hu, bis, 'twice,' and eoetu», 
'baked,' (F.) bit and cuit, 'twice baked.' A 
lund of dry, hard bread, or cake, which is va- 
riously made ; and, when without eggs or butter, 
is easy of digestion. It was formerly called XH- 
fgri'tetf and Di'pyros, 

BISCUIT, MEAT. An alimentary prepara. 
tion» proposed by Mr. 0. Borden, Jr., of Texas, 
which consists in combining the matters ex- 
tnu^d from meat by boiling with flour, so as to 
form biscuits; which keep well, and are of course 

BtSKRMAS, Salvia sclare^ J 

BISFERIENS, Dicrotus. 


BIS LI NO UA, RuBOus hypoglossnm. ^ 

JISM.ALVA, Althma. 

BISMUTH, Aniimo'nium aCbnm, CkaleiUxi, 
Lmma imptr/ei/ta, Stannum gVncia'U sen cinereum, 
Bismu'tMnm, Wismu'thutn. Beg'idut of Bit'muth, 
MartatCta, Tin gUu; (F.) £tain gri; £, de 
Glace, A metal, in spieular plates, of a yel- 
lowish-white colour; s. gr. 9.822 ; fusible at ^OO^* 
Fahrenheit, and volatilUable at a high tempera* 
tore. It is used only in the preparation of the 

BiSMiTTH, OxTD OF, Blsmuth, Subnitrate of — 
h» Regulus of. Bismuth. 

Bismuth, Subxi'trxtk ow,Bi9mu'thi&ubni'tnu, 
Marcasi'ta alba, Plmmbam eine'reum, Maguite'' 
rimm MarcoMtUa sea Bitmutki, Bitmu'thum JViff'- 
rieum, B. Sttbuii'rienm, NitroM SuhbiinWtkienm, 
NUroM Bismutki, Calx Vimnu'tki, Bimnu'thum 
oatwflHia'tum al6a»m, Ox»d o/Bitmuih, Mag'^ittery 
a/Bismutk, Pearl White, Spaniek White. (F.) 
Aasat^role d€ biemaik. Oxide blane de B., Blane 
de fard, Blanc de ptrle. (Bi*mutk, in frustulis, 
1^ Aoid nitrie. fS^. Aq. deetHL q. s. Mix a 
wid ooBce of dif tilled water with the sitiio aoid, 

and dissolve the bismuth in the raixtore. Whan 
the solution is eomplete, pour the clear liquor 
into three pints of distilled water, and set tha 
mixture by, that the powder may subside. Lastly, 
having poured off the supernatant fluid, wash the 
subnitrate of bismutii with distilled water, wrap 
it in bibulous paper, and dry with a gentle 
heat Ph. U. 8.) It is considered to be tonio 
and antispasmodiq, and has been chiefly used in 

BlSBTTTR, Valb'biakatb OP, Bitmu'thi valeri' 
anne, Biemu'tkum valerian' ieum. Prepared by 
mixing a neutral solution of oxide of biemutk in 
nitrie acid, with valerianate of »oda ; washing, 
and drying the precipitate. Used in gastrodynia, 
chronic gastralgia, neuralgia, and chronic palpi- 
tetion, as a nervine. Dose, ^ a grain to 2 grains, 
three or four times a dav, in pill. 

BISMUTHI NITRAS, Bismuth, Subnitrate 
of — b. Valerianas, Bismuth, valerianate of. 

BISMUTHUM, Bismuth — b. Nitricnm, Bia- 
muth, subnitrate of — b. Oxydolatnm album. 
Bismuth, subnitrate of-~b. Ehibnitricum, Bismuth, 
subnitrate of — b. V^erianionm, Bismuth, vale- 
rianate of. 

BISPIRU8, Dipnoos. 

BISSUM, Hydrangea arboreseens. 

BISSUS. The sUky filaments which fix tba 
Pinna Mari'na to the rocks. In Italy and Cor* 
sica, clothes are made of these, which are consi- 
dered to favour perspiration, and are recon»- 
mended to be worn next the skin in rheumatism, 
gout, Ac. See Byssus. 

BISTORT, OFFICINAL, Pylygonum bUtorta 
— b. Virginian, Polygonum virginianum. 

BISTORTA, Polygonum bistorta. 

BISTORTIER, (F.) A name given by tha 
Pkarmaoien to a long wooden pestle useid for 
reducing soft substances to powder, and in tht 
preparation of electuaries. 

BISTOURf, (F.) Pietorien'eie gla'diue, Scal^ 
pel'luM, ScaVpeum, Bistoury, A small cutting- 
knife, used in surgery, — so called, according to 
Huet, from the town of Piston, which was for- 
merly celebrated for the mannfactare of those 
instruments. A bistoury has the form of a small 
knife, and is composed of a blade and handle. 
The blade, which is most commonly movable la 
the handle, may be fixed by a button, spring, Ac. 
When fixed in the handle, the bistouri is called 
by the French, B. d lame fixe on dormante. 

The chief bistouries are : — 1. The straight B. 
(F.) B, droit, in which the blade and cutting 
edge are straight, the point being fine, round, or 
square. 3. The covrzx B. (F.) B, eonvexe; the 
blade of which is convex at the entting edg^ 
concave at the back. 8. The coxcavb B. (F.) 
B. eoaeave / the blade of which is eonoave at ite 
edge, and convex at the back. 4. BLUvr-PoiRtua 
B. (F.) B, bontonni / tha blade of which haa a 
button at its extremity. 5. The BLuirr or probb* 
POiNTKo BiSTOURT OF PoiT; oonoave at ite ent- 
ting edge, and ite point blnnt ; so that it can be 
carried on the palmar surfaoa of the index finger^ 
to divide the stricture, in strangulated hernia. 
Sir Astley Cooper has reoommended a useful 
modification of this, to avoid wounding the intes* 
tine, should it come in eontaet with l^e edge of 
the knife. His Bistoury has an edge of not more 
than eight lines in length, situate about five linea 
from the point. 6. Bistouri 1 la limb, (F.) 14 
a straight bistoury ; the blade fixed in the handle, 
the extremity with a button, and the edge made 
with a file. It is chiefly used for dilating parte. 
7. BiBTOURi ROTAL, (F.) A Bistoury used in ope- 
rating upon Louis XIV., for fistula in ano. 8. 
Bistouri oabtriqub, (F.) A eoraplieated instn* 
ment» invented by Moraad, for dilating wooiida 




«f the abdomen. 9. Bistouri cach£, B. \emiaire, 
on Attrape-lourdand d€ Biennait, Forcept de- 
eepio'ria, A curred bistouri, the blade of wbich 
is placed in a canula, whence il issues on press- 
ing a spring. 

The word Bittouri is used by the French, at 
tiineti. where we would employ knife. 

BIT NOBEN, Salt of Bitu'men, Padnoon, 
Siiueherloon, Khala mtmue. A white, saline sub- 
stance, which is a Hindoo preparation of great 
antiquity, and has been supposed to be the Sal 
a»phaUi'te9 and Sal Sodome'nut of the andents. 
It is used by the Hindoo in the prevention or 
cure of almost all diseases. 

BITUNIMAL'CA, Oat'teranax, Two un- 
meaning words, used by Dolscus, to designate an 
active principle supposed to have its scat in the 
stomach, and to preside over chymification, Ac 

BITIOS D£ KI8, Proctocace. 

BITTER, Amarus — b. Bark, Pinckneya pu- 
bens — b. Bloom, Chironia angularia — b. Holy, 
Hiera picra — b. Redberry, Comus Florida — b. 
Root, Apocynum androssamifulium, GenUana 
Catesbeci, Menyanthes vema — b. Sweet night- 
shade, Solanum Dulcamara — b. Sweet vine. So- 
lan um Dulcamara. 

BITTERNESS, Amaritu'do, Amarit'te; Am- 
a'rory PVcria^ (F.) Amertume. A particular taste, 
which belongs to many subptances. In some 
diseases there is a sense of bitterness felt in the 

BITTERS, COLUMBO, Tinctnra Calumb» — 
b. Spirit, Tinctura gentians^ composita — b. Wine, 
Vinum gentiann compositum. 

BITTERSWEET, Solanum dulcamara. 

BITTERWEED, Ambrosia trifida. 


BITTOS. A disease, in which the chief symp- 
tom is an acute pain in the anus. — Chomel. 

BITUMEN, GLUTINOUS, Pissasphaltum — 
b. Judaicum, Asphaltum — b. of Judsea, Asphal- 
tura — b. Petroleum, PetrolsDum — ^b. Malta, PLasas- 
phaltnm — b. Salt of, Bitnoben — b. Solidum, As- 

BIVENTER, Digastricus — b. Cervicis, Com- 
plexus musculus — b. Maxillae, Digastricus. 

LUM, see Lobe, biventral. 

BIX A AMERICANA, see Terra Orleana— b. 
Orleana, see Terra Orleana — b. OreUana, see 
Terra Orleana. 

BLABE, Wound. 

BLACCIiB. Rubeola. 

BLACIA, Debility. 

flrutieosus — b. High or standing, see Rubus Aru- 

BLACK DOSB, see InfVisnm Senna eompo- 

BLACK DRAUGHT, see InfVisum Sennn 

BLACK DROP, Guttse nigrsB. 

BLACK LION. A term givMi to a sloughing 
syphilitic ulcer, under which the British soldiers 
suffered greatly in Portug^ 

BLACK ROOT, Aletris farinosa, Leptandria 


BLADDER, GALL, see Gall Bladder^b. Irri- 
^«ble, Cysterethismus — b. Swim, Air bladder «- 
b. Urinary, see Urinary Bladder, 


B L.^SITAS, Bl<B9a lingua. Some authors have 
used this word as synonymous with stammering. 
See Balbuties. Sau rages understands by it a 
defect in prononcifttioni wbiob oonsiats in sabsti- 

tcting soft consonants for those that are ksvlf 
as the z for s, the D for t, the s for g and j, Ac 
Also, Lisping, Trauli^mut, Trau'loUi, (F.) MU» 
•iUf BIS IparUr.) 

BLiBSOPODES, see Kyllosis. 

BLiESOPUS, see Kyllosis. 

BLiBSUS. A distortion; especially the ool- 
ward distortion of the legs. Also, a stammersr. 

BLAFARD, (F.) Pal'lidut, PalUd'ulv. This 
epithet is sometimes given to the skin, when pala 
and duU ; but> most frequently, to the flesh ef a 
wound, when it has lost its colour, and beeoma 
white. The word is, also, sometimes used sjbo* 
nymously with Albino. 

BLANO BE BALEINE, Cetaeeom — k d!s 
Fardf Bismuth, subnitrate of — 6. de FiEilj Sde* 
rotic — b. d*(EH/, Albumen ovi — b, tU Perie, Bis* 
muth, subnitrate of. 

BLANC-MANOER, (F.) C%bu9 nUnu, Lew»> 
pha'gium, Ltueoph'agum, Argyrotropkt'ma, An 
animal jelly, so called on account of its coloVf 
combined with an emulsion of sweet almonds, to 
which sugar has been added, and some aromstlie. 
It is sometimes prescribed as a nutriment in ma* 
yalescence and chronic diseases. 

BLANCRAISIN, Blanc Rhasis. 

BLANC RHAZIS, Blanc-rainn, An oini- 
ment composed of cerusssy white wax, and oUTt 

BLANCA, Plumbi snbearbonas. 

BLANCH, TO, from (F.) blancAir, 'to whiteB, 
to bleach.' To whiten by depriying of the ontsr 
rind ; as ' to hlanek almonds / i. e. to peel then. 

BLANCHET, (F.) A blanket. A term glvMiv 
by the French Pharmaciens, to the wooUsn 
strainer through which they filter syrup aaA 
other thick fluids. See, also, Aphthse. 

BLANCHING, Etiolation. 


BLAS. An unmeaning term, iuTented by Tm 
Helmont to designate a kind of movement in the 
body ; at times, local, — at others, under extrane* 
ous influence. Thus, he speaks of the BIom aiefls* 
oro9 of the heavenly bodies, and the BIom \mmafm 
numf that which operates in man. 

Blab Altirativum, Plastic force. 

BLASE, (F.) An epithet given to one whom 
the abuse of enjoyment has prevented from any 
longer deriving satisfaction or pleasure from it. 

BLASTE'MA, Blatte'ti*, from fiX»0r*wm, 'I 
bud.' A germ. The sense of this wt>rd, which 
is often used by Hippocrates, is obscure. CaatoUi 
thinks it means the eruption of some morhUio 
principle at the surface of the body. Alsoy tho 
matrix or general formative element of tissaoa. 

BLAS'TEMAL, Blaatema'lif. Relating or §p, 
pertaining to a blastema, «- as ' hkutemal form** 
Uons,' those that are formed from a blastenuL 

BLASTODERM A, see Molecule. 

BLATTA BYZAN'TIA, r»yim orforo'lus, (F.) 
Blatte de Btftanee. This name seems, formmy^ 
to have been given to a marine production from 
some of the Concbylia. It had an agreeablo 
smell, a reddish tint, and the shape of a naiL II 
WAS prescribed in epilepsy, hysteria, and hepatio 
obstructions. RouUelet afiirms that it was the 
production of the shell-fish mvrex or pur p ura i 
and that the name Blatta is derived from the 
Greek ^Xarrutt * purple.' 

BLA VELLE, Centaurea eyanns. 

BLAVEOLE, Centaurea cyanus. 

BLA VEROLLE, Centaurea cyanus. 

BLAZING-STAR, Chamselirium lutenm, li. 
Bli, Bhdum, This word answers, in Fiiiii% 




to ih« word Cbm in EngUnd ; L «. any kind of 
^ttin emfdoyed for makug bread. Wheat being 
VMat eommoolj need for this purpose, BU Li 
•ometimef reatrieted to this. BU miuU U a 
Btixtnre of wheat and rye. 

Bli CORN IT, Ergot— 6. tTEtpagne, Zea mays 
— 6. *f/ttilit, Zea Mays — 6. liiteil, wt BU— 
iw Noir, Polygonum fiigopymm — h,dm Tur^mUf 
Saa mays. 

BLE (PARLER,) Blasitas. 

BLEABERRT, Vaeeinium myrtUlas. 

BLEACHING lslQ.\jVD, Eau dm javdU. 

BLEAR-BYE, Lippitudo. 

BLEB Bulla. 

BLEcilNON. Polypodinm filix mas. 

Bcolopendriam — b. Squamosum, Asplenium ee- 

BLECHROPTRA, see Bleehros. 

BLECHROPYRUS, Typhus miUor. 

BLECUROS, ffXnxP^ff 'weak, feeble, slow.' 
Ab epithet applied to different affections, and 
particularly to ferers. Hence Bleckrop'jfra, 'a 
itow f«Ter :' Bleekrotpkya'mia, * a slow pulse.' 

BLECHROSPHYGMU, see Bleehros. 

BLED, Com. 

BLEEDIXG, Bloodletting, Hamorrhagia. 

— b. Heart, Cypripedium luteum. 

Bl£mE, (F.) This word has nearly the same 
rigntflcation as BU^ard. Generally, however, it 
inelndes, also, emaciation of the countenance. 

BLENNA. Mucus — b. Narium, Nasal mucus. 

BLENNADENI'TIS, from fiXtPva, 'mucus,' 
•Ifv, * a gland,' and tVt«, denoting inflammation, 
laflammation of mucous follicles. 

BLENNELYT'RIA, from fiXtrvm, 'mucus,' and 
tkmrp^v, * a sheath.' A discharge of mucus from 
the Tagina. Leucorrhoea. — Alibert. 

BLENNEM'ESIS. BUnnoim'esi*, Vom'itut 
fi%miu»'9wi, from ffktwva, 'mucus/ and t/ugttf 
'vomiting/ VomiUng of mucus. 


BLENNISTH'MIA,from^Xcrya, 'mucus,' and 
ssd|Mc 'the gullet. Increased flow of muous 
from the pharynx and larynx. — ^Alibert 

BLENNOCHEZIA, Diarrhoea, mnoous. 

BLENNOCYSTIDES, Bursas muoosss. 

BLBNNODES, Mndform. 

BLENNOEMESIS, Blennemesis. 

BLENN0G"BN0U8, BUnnog"enw, Mueif 'tc, 
Mmeffiemtf from fiXtmm, ' mucus,' and ytvam, ' I 
Ibna.' Forming or generating muous. Breschet 
amd. Bonssel de Vaoidme dercribe an apparatus 
•f this kind for the secretion of the mucous mat- 
ter that eonstltntea the cuticle, composed of a 
^aadalar parenchyma or organ of secretion situ- 
ate fn the substance of the true skin, and of 
•zeretory ducts, which issue from the organ, 
and deposite the mueous matter between the 

^LENNOIDES, Mnciform. 

BLENN0IDEU8, Muciform. 

BLENNOPHTHALMIA, Ophthalmia, (pura- 

BLENNOP'TYSIS, from pXewa, and mm, *l 
HgitL* Expectoration of mucus. Catarrh. 

BLENNOPYRA, Blennopy'ria, from pXtwa, 
•ad Mwp, 'fire.' Alibert has classed, under this 
head, rarions fevera with mucous complications ; 
M MetMtterie /fveTf Ademo^meningtcd fevttf Ac. 

BLENNORRHAGIA, Gonorrhoea— b. Genita. 
Bam, Leueorrhoea — b. Notha, Gonorrhoea spuria 
Spuria, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


b knmofilif. 

spuria — 6. du Gland, Gonorrhoea spuria. 


BLENNORRUCE'A, BUnnorrhof, Blennor^ 
rkaff"ia, PhUgmorrkoe'a, PhUffMorrha»"ia, from 
fiXtwa, 'mucus,' and ptm, 'I flow.' iDordiDnte 
secretion and discharge of mucus. Also, Gonor- 

BLBinroRRR(BA Chrokica, (gleet,) see Gonor- 
rhoea — b. Gonitalium, Leucorrha>a — b. Luudev, 
Gonorrhoea impura — b. Nasalis, Coryza — b. Oculi, 
see Ophthalmia — b. Oculi gonorrhuic^ gee Oph- 
thalmia — b. Oculi neonatorum, see 0]>hthulmia — 
b. Oculi purulcnta, see Ophthalmia — b. Urcthralis, 
Gonorrhoea, Cystorrhoea — b. Ventriculi, Gastror- 
rhoea — b. Vesicae, Cystorrhoea. 

BLENNO'SES, from $Xtvpa, 'mucuf>.' Affec- 
tions of the mucous membranes. — Alibert. 

BLENNOTHORAX, Catarrh, Peripneumonia 
notha — b. Chronicus, Asthma humidum. 



BLENNURIA, Cystorrhoea. 

BLEPHARADENITIS, Ophthalmia Tarsi. 

t{» gangrasno'ta, Oarbuneula' tio Oc'uli, Gangre- 
nous inflammation of the eyelids. 





BLEPHARITIS, Ophthalmia tarsi— b. Gan- 
grsenosa, Blepharanthracosis. 

purulent — b. Neonatorum, see Ophthalmia (pu- 
rulcnta infantum.) 

ro9ifnde*mi'tit, from ffkt^apw, 'an eyelid,' and 
conjunctiva. Ophthalmia affecting the conjunc- 
tiva and eyelids. 

BLEPHARODYSCnR(£'A, from /TXf^afM., the 
'eyelid,' i»t, 'with diificulty,' and X9^* 'colour.' 
Discoloration of the eyelid. Nwvus of the eye- 
lid. — Von Ammon. 


BLEPHARON, Palpebra— b. Atoniaton, Ble- 

BLEPHARONCO'SIS, Blephanm'eu; 2>/«- 
pkaropky'ma, Palpebra'mm Tumor, from PXt^t. - 
^, ' eyelid,' and •y'^f * tumour.' A tumour of 
the eyelid. 

BLEPHARONCUS, Blepharoncosis. 

BLEPHAROPTHALMIA, Ophthalmia tarsi 
— b. Neonatorum, see Ophthalmia — b. Puruleuta, 

SA, Ophthalmia, purulent, of infants. 

BLEPHAROPHYMA, Blepharoncosis. 

InttY'to Cilio'rum, from pXc^pov, 'the eyelid,' 
and wXavriKot, 'forming,' 'formative.' The for- 
mation of a new eyelid. 

BLEPHAROPLEGIA, Blepharoptosfs. 

BLEPUAROPTO'SIS, BItpKarople'gia, Catnt 
paVpebra tuperio'ri; Dtlap'tut pal'pebra, Pro- 
lap'$H* pal'pebrcf, Propto'tit pal'pebrcf, Pto*$i§ 
paVpebra, Atoniaton bUphnron, from pXtipa^, 
' the eyelid,' and «twci(, ' fall.' A falling down 
of the upper eyelid over the eye, caused by a 
paralyRiH of the Levator pafpebrm tuperiori* mus- 
cle. This paralysis is an unfavourable symptom, 
as it is generally connected with a state of tha 
brain favouring apoplexy or palsy. 

Blkpharoptosis EcTROPiDM, Ectroplum "— bk 
Entropion, Entropion. 




mia puruUn'tnt Pjforrka'a paPpebrm, from ^^- 
oMy, 'eyelid:' mo», 'pus/ and pcto, 'I flow.' 
Ducrctioii of piiH from the eyelids. 


thalinia (pnrulonta infantum.) 

BLEPJIARORRHOS'A, from fiXtfapw, 'aye- 
lid/ and pcu. ' I flow/ A discliargo of mucus 
from the cvelidv. 

fiLKPlfAROSPAS'MUS, from ffXtfafov, 'eye- 
lid/ and arraviAOi, * spasm.' A apatimouio action 
of ilic orbicularis palpebrarum muscle. 

B L E P II A R0SYNDE8MITIS, Blephaxocon- 

BliKPHAROTIS, OphthalmU tarsi— b. Glan- 
dalurii< cunta;;io«a, see Ophthalmia. 



B L E P U A R X Y 8'T UM, BUpKaroxyt'trum, 
from , AtcJttpoi', * eyelid/ and (ow, * I scrape.' An 
instrument uf^ed, by the ancients, for removing 
callo«ii(ior!, which made their appeamnce in the 
BfTc-'-tion called, by the Greeks, rpa;(w/ia. — Paulus 
of iRi^ina. (iorra*ufl. 

BLEPIIIL'IA HIRSU'TA, Okio Hortemint, 
Hairy Hornemint ; an indigenous plant of the 
Miut family, Labiatie, which has the aromatic 
proporties of the Mints. 

BLf.SITE. Blajsitaa. 

BLESSintE, Abortion, Wound. 

BLESTRIS'MUS. RosUessncss of the sick.— 

BLETA. A word, used by Paracelsus for white 
or milky urine, arising from diseased kidneys. 
Blotn alba has the same meaning. 

BLEU BE PRUSSE, Prussian blue. 

rillo is a village about two miles from Havre. 
The waters are acidulous chalybeate. 

BLIGHT IN THE EYE, Ophthalmia, catar- 

BLINDNESS, C»oitas— b. Colour, Achroma- 

BLISTER, V€9{cato*rium,Empla»'irum Venica- 
to'n'Hin, Emplat'trum LjfttatEpi»p<u'ticHm^ Blitter 
pl(i9tvrj from ve«i'ca, *a bladder,' (F.) Vfticatoiref 
y^Hteant. Any substance which, when applied to 
the skin, irritates it, and occasions a serous secre- 
tion, raising the epidermis, and inducing a vesicle. 
Various articles produce this efieot, as cantha- 
ride^f muttardf garou, eupkorbium, garlic^ ammo- 
nia, «&;c. Blisters are used as counter-irritants. 
By exciting a disease artificially on the surface, 
we can often remove another which may be at 
the time existing internally. A perpvtwil bIi$Ur 
Ss one that is kept open for a longer or a shorter 
time by means of appropriate dressings. 

Blihtrr or vt9icatioH alio means the vesicle 
produced by vesicatories. 

Blihtkr, Mao"istral, (F.) VStieatoire mngit- 
trttL A prompt means of producing vesication 
reomracndcd by M. Valleiz. It is prepared as 
follows : — Take powdered cantharidet and irheat- 
fioteer, of each equal parts j vinegar, a sufllclent 
quantity to form a soft paste. 

Blister Bkrtlr, Canthoris. 

Blister Flt, Gantharis. 

Blister Plaster, Blister. 

BLTriTERWEED, Ranunculus acris. 

BLISTERING FLY, Gantharis— b. Paper, s^ 
Hparaflrapum vesicatorium^-b. Tissue, Sparadra- 
)mm vesicatorium. 

BLITUM AMERICANUM, Phytolacca de- 

BLOOD, Anglo-Saxon, b1o&, from ble8an, 'to 
bleed/ Sanguit, OrMor, Lapia anima'Un, Ilofma, 
*«f^a, (F.) Sang. An animal fluid formed chiefly 
(rom the chyle; acquiring important properties 

t during respiradon ; entering erery fxtpai throogfc 
the circulation ; distributing tbe nutritive princi- 
ples to every texture, and the source of ereiy 
secretion. The blood is white in the mullnscoui 
and inferior animals, which have been, hene«^ 
called white-blooded, to distinguish them from 
the red-bloodedf which class includes the mam- 
malia, birds, reptiles, and fishes. Human blood 
is composed of water, albumen, fibrin, an animal 
colouring substance, a little &tty matter — httmo' 
tela' urn, and difierent salts; as chlorides of potas- 
sium and sodium, phosphate of Ume, eubcurbonat* 
of soda, lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and lactate 
of soda, united with an animal matter. Arteriai 
blood is of a florid red colour, strong smell, tempb 
100° ; s. g. 1.049. Venou9 blood is of a brownish 
red : temp. 98° ; s. g. 1.051. The difierence in 
colour has given occasion to the first being cidled 
red blood ; the latter, black. The former, which 
is distributed from the heart, is nearly the s«m« 
through its whole extent: the latter is the re- 
mains of the arterial blood after the diifemt 
elements have been taken from it in nutritionf 
and probably dificrs in composition. It likewiaa 
contains different substances absorbed. Venou 
blood, taken from a vessel and left to itself, be- 
comes solid, and separates into two dii^tinct partly 
— the fertim or watery, supernatant fluid; and 
the erwiT, eoag'ulum, erasaamen'tHm, kepnr mu 
placen'ta wan'guinit, placen*ta crHo*ri$f in'Mt/a, 
thrombutf or clot. The serum is chiefly water^ 
holding albumen in solution and the salts of th« 
blood. The clot contains the fibrin, colouring 
matter — Adsmo/otin, a little serum, and a smau 
quantity of salts. M. Le Cann found the blood to 
be composed — in 1000 parts — of water, 7S5.690; 
albumen, 60.415: fibrin, 3.565; colouring raatlei^ 
119.626 ; crystallizable fatty matter, 4.HflO ; oUj 
matter, 2.270 ; extractive matter soluble in aloo- 
hoi and water, 1.920; albumen combined wiUl 
soda, 2.010; chlorides of sodium and potassium; 
alkaline phosphates, sulphates, and subcarbon- 
ates, 7.it04 ; subcarbonate of lime and magneiiai 
phosphate of lime, magnesia and iron, peroxide 
of iron, 1.414; loss, 2.586. The four principal 
components of the blood are fibrin, albumeD| 
corpuscles, and saline matter. In the circulatimg 
blood they are thus combined — 

Albumen > ^ solution formhig Liquor Samgvi- 

Salto. 'J ""• 

Red Corpuiclci — inspended in the Liquor Saa« 

In coagulated blood they are thus combined t 

Fibrin, ) Forming the cra«taineNrM» or 

Red Corpuscles, j clot. 

Albumen, ) Remaining in BolutioUj forming 
Salts, J terum. 

The following tabic exhibits the eompatationc 
of difi'erent physiologists regarding the weigfal 
of the circulating fluid — arterial and venous. 



Moil I ins. 





Spreiifel 10 to 15 

Giiiithor 15 to 90 

Klake 101 lo I8| 

Miiller and Burriach fif) 

Wapiier. SOtoSS 

Qiifiinai 57 

F Iloflriiiann 

H»ller seto 









Tht proportbn ef atiMiAl blood to rraooa is 

aboot 4 to 9. 

Mttch ftUoBtion haa boon pftid to the rtrjuig 
•ondUion of tho blood in ducuo. Tbo avan^ 
^^portion of eaob of tbo orguiio elements in 
1000 iMtftc of bealthy blood b as fc^ows, aceord' 
ing to Le Cann, and MM. Andral and Oarairet: — 
fll^in, 3: red oorpasclesy 127; solid matter of the 
MniB, 80 ; water, 790. 

Dried hwrnam blood was, at one time, eonsi* 
dered to be anti-epileptie; that of the goat, dried, 
SangmU kirei neea'tut, sadoriiio and antipleu- 
rotie. ^ 

Blood, Artkrial, see Blood — b. Black, see 
Blood — ^b. Black, Vascnlar system of, see Vaseu- 
lar — ^b. Casein, Olobnlin — b. Cerpnscles, Globules 
of the blood — ^b. Disease, Hiematonosos — ^b. Disks, 
Globnles of the blood — b. Dried, see Blood — b. 
IjOss of, Hsmorrhagia — b. Red, see Blood — b. 
Kedy system of, see Vascular — b. Spitting of, 
Hssmoptysis — b. Venous, see Blood — b. Vomi^ 
Ing of, Usematemesis — ^b. White, Lymph. 

BLOODING, BloodleUing. 

BL00DLESSNE6S, AnsBmia. 

BLOOD. LETTING, Mistt'o sen Deirae'tio 
SoM'guimigf Hmmnxfu, CoUuehoM'mu; Blooding, 
Bleeding, (F.) Saig^e, Bmi—ion tanguine, A 
disehai^ of a certain quantity of blood prodnoed 
Vy art : an operation which consists in making 
■B opening into a yessel to draw blood from it 
When practised on an artery, it is called Arieri- 
ot'omy ; on a rein, Phlohofomy, Fefi«tee'(u>, Ve- 
mMertion / and on the capillary resseb, loed or 
cajnllary, in contradistinction to the former, 
wnich is termed j^eaera^. Blood-letting is nsed 
both during the existence of a disease, as in in- 
flammation, and in the way of prophylaxis. It 
is employed to fulfil rarious indicatioDS. 1. To 
diminish tiie actual mass of blood; — when it is 
iermed, by the French pathologists, Saignie Stfo- 
etMiftM. In such ease, fluids ought not to be al- 
lowed too freely afterwards. S. To diminish the tnr- 
geseence in any particular organ — ( (F.) Saignie 
rivuUivef BemUnve bhodUUing or bleeding, F«- 
n^eeeftio revuleo^riiz, when performed fiv from the 
part affected; and Saignie dirivative, when near.) 
S. To diminish the consistence of the blood, (F.) 
Saignie epoliative. The immediate effects of 
blood-letting are: diminution of the mass of 
blood and of heat; retardation of the pulie, and 
sometimes syncope. Blood-letting from the veins 
— •pkUboUmg, is practised on the subcutaneous 
fetns of the neck, the lace, the fore-arm, and the 
)og; sometimes on those of the hand or foot 
7he necessary apparatus consists of a bandage 
ttf riband, * compress of rag, and a lanoet or 

The Tclns seleoted for the operation, are, 1. Jn 
4ke fold of the arm, Are; — the cephalic, basilic, 
ihe two BMdian, and the anterior cnbitaL 2. Jn 
ike hand, the oephalie and salratella. 8. 7a the 
/ooif the great and little saphena. i. In the neek, 
ih» external jugular. 5. Jn ike foreketul, the 
ftotttaL 6. In the moaii, the ranine. The ope- 
ration of phlebotomy in the limbs is performed 
by ^ng a circular bandage round the limb, in 
4Mrder that the subcutaneous reins may become 
ftorgid by the course of the blood being ob- 
otraoted : the bandage not being so tight, how- 
•rer, as to compress the arteries of the Umb. A 
poaetore is made into the rein, and the desired 
quantity allowed to flow. The ligature Is now 
remoTcd, and a compress and retaining bandage 
applied. Capillary or loeal blood-letting is prac- 
tised on the skin or muoous membranesi by 
means of leaoheB^ the lanoet^ or cupping. 

BtoonuntDra, Capxllabt, see Bloodlettb|^-« 
b. Deriyatire, see Bloodletting — b. EvacnatiTS^ 
see Bloodletting — ^b. Geoeral, see Bloodletting — 
b. Local, see Bloodletting — b. RevulsiTe, seo 
Bloodletting — b. Spoliatiye, see Bloodletting. 

BLOODLIXE, Sanguine. 

BLOODROOT, Sanguinaria Canadensis. 

BLOODSHOT, Hyp«r»mic. 

BLOODSTONE, HsBmatites. 

BLOOD VESICLE, Globule of the blood. 

BLOOD VESSEL, (F.) Vaiwau •an.vuui. 
yesiel destined to contain and convey blood. 

Blood Vbbsel, brkakimg, bubstiko, buptus- 
ixo OF A. Hsemorrhagia. 

BLOODWEED, Asclepias curassarica. 

BLOODWORT, Sanguinaria Canadensis. 

BLOODY, Sanguin^eue, Cruen'tue, Sanguin^- 
eoue, (F.) Sangnin, Having Uie character of 
blood. Relating to blood. See Sanguine. 

BLOOM, HONET, Apocynum androssBmifo- 

BLOTA alba, Bleta. 

BLOW, letue, Plegi, {¥,) Coup, Effect pro- 
duced by one body striking another. The im* 
pression made by any body which strikes us, or 
against which we stnke ; — a common cause of 
wounds, contusions, fractures, Ac. 

BLOWING SOUND, ^ruil de Souffle. 

BLUE-BELLS, Gentiana catesbaeL 

BLUE-BERRT, Caulophyllum thalictroidee, 

BLUE BOTTLE, Centaurea eyanus, Cyanus 

BLUE STONE, Cupri sulphas. 

BLUET DBS MOISSONS, Cyanus segetun. 

BLUSH, see Flush. 

Blush, Cututsous, see Efllorescenee. 

BOA, Boick, An eruption of red, ichorous pim* 
pies. — Pliny. See, also, Hidroa and Sudamina. 

Boa Upas, Upas. 

BOJB, Syphilis. 

BOBERRI, Curcuma longa. 

BOCHIUM, Bronchocele. 

BOCIUM, Bronchocele. 

springs of Booklet, in Bavaria, are acidulous 

BODT, Corpue, Soma, (F.) Corpe j from (Ten- 
tonic) bodem, the 'fundus or bottom.' (?) The 
humui body is the collection of organs which 
compose the frame. At times, however, body is 
used synonymously with trunk. We say, adso, 
body <^ the femur, of the ephenoid, Ac, to desig- 
nate the shaft or middle portion of those bones j 
body of the uterue, Ac. Also, the rectum. 

Bonr, Coming down of trb. Proctocele. 

BODT-SNATCHER, ResuxrecUonisU 

BOB, Cry. 

BOELLI, Intestines. 

BOETHEMA, Medicament. 

BOG-BEAN, Menyanthes trifoliata. 


BOIA, Boa. 

BOIL, Furunoulus — ^b. Gum, Pamlis—b. Bfa- 
llgnant, see Furuncnlus — ^b. Wasp's nest, see Fn- 
mn cuius. 

BOIS DE CAMpMcHE, Hssmatoxylum Cam. 
pechianum — 6. de Chypre, Rhodium lignum — &• 
de Couleuvre, see Strychnos — 6. de Maraie, Co- 
phaluithns occidentalis — 6. de Plomb, Direa pa- 
IttStris — b, Puant, Prunus padus — 6. de Bom, 
Rhodium lignum--^, de Sappan, CsDsalpinia sap- 
pan — b. Sudorijique, Wood, sudorific 

waters are situate about half a league from Fob- 
tenay-le*>CoaptB, in France, They are purgatii^ 

BO/SSO!f. Drink. 
BOtTE, (F.) A fca or eai 
An apputtiu for tlis reosptioi 

tlvmy Boila . 
Irfftin. B. i 


. Capta, Pfiit. 
or uij uUMn 
larvt. Id Smt- 

tilt cue! cODUinias tfacn VBiioni InMi 
Baiit du Crane u the bonj cuo which 
the bruin. Batii ii, ilio, the portion of Uii 
Item of tfa« trephine which recelTn the pjn, 
mid or centrc-pln. BvUt d€ Pail i) « muhine, 
luTenlcii b; U. Petit, to ratwD the trutnnd por- 
tioDi of boo* in ippusitlon, vhea the leg hM been 
frmclured in ■ complicated aumer. fioffi in, alio, 
> kind of CMC pot before Mt lUtiflciai uiu to re- 
«ive tfas tmre; which ire continuallj being dii- 
Vharged. The Tulgar, In Franoe, giie the name 
£vit« b> vuioiu arliculationa, — B. dt ginoti, B. 

BOiTE-VEJ/r, Claudication. 

BOlTIER, (F.) Appartil, Caj/nJa mgventn'- 
na, ('njun'riBM. A Dremng-eaie. A boi, con- 
taining *alT*» and different apparaloi', nied mors 
panlcnlu-ly bj the droten in horpitali. 

BOI; Bului— i. iPArmloii, Bole, Armroiui— 
(. BtaK, Boln* alba. 

BOLA, Mrrrha. 

BOLCHON, Bdallinni. 

BOLB, Bolu; (F.) Bat, Tsm Main, UMOt, 
with the older wriUn, ugillaMoni etrth, aud 
u an abiorhent Bnd aleiiphiixmla. The Tariona 
bolu had different ronni giTCn to thev, and were 
lUmptd, ai io the foUowing : 

Bdi.! Abhi'itiiK, Bt4a Arm^niae, B. Ar'mi- 
Kie, Argiria /«miyin'm rubra, A. Bol<u nhra, 
Sinuipi'tU, Ama'mtn, Bolm Orimnta'lit, Bolia 
Armtniaeo, B. Armt-nia. B. ntra, (F.) Bol 
fArmlmt. A red, daye; earth, found not only 
Id Armenia, but in teveral oonatiiei of Enrope, — 
Id Toicany, Siletia, France, te. It wai odco 

u a iljptio. It i« now, icarc^ly, if erer, nwd. 
lieonnifta of argil, mixed wiUi luM and iron. 

B0LESI8, CoraL 

BOLESON, Bateam. 

BOLET 0DORA.VT, Dsdilea niaTeoIsiit. 

BOLETUS A0ARICU6, B. LaricI*— b. Alboj, 
ButetDi laricii — b. Dinaideiu, Diedalea navao- 


iweata bi phlhi^ — 

BOLETDB 0»lri»tr«, 1 

B, laticii — b. Purgani, 
Dsdalea aaaveoleni- 

nuTeDleni—b. toachwood, Boletna igoianiu. 
BOLI MASTIS, Femun tortari«aMm. 
B0LI8M0S, Bonllmla, 

BOLI'IES. The mnihroom ; perhapi tb* 
igar'icut Aiu-aUiociH. — PtiD J, JUrttal, BtaUy- 
Diui, Oalen. It WM go oalled, in eoDMqacMN 
I of Iti ihape,— from Balu. 

I BOLUS, P~X<,(, a morsel, a monthfti], abolt^ 
'"'"', A phajmaeeutical prepaialicn, haTinc 
' abnpe, but larger; enable, howeTeri ca 
rallawed ai a pUl. 

I Albi, Ttrra SigHlo'la, ArgiPla paL 

called tiffiliti'tii, from being commuiJj 

Io imall cakei or flat maiua, and atampwl 


i Eaci3i,»w'ic«, (F.) ifonlU, An 
ealabio muahroom, found in (be wooda !n Eu- 
rope, and much admired by Ga-lrBnomet. Itwu 
furmerly eitcemed to be apbrodiuao. 

OuLBTtiB Fni.TD«, B.igDiuiua — b. Hippoorepii, 
B. igniarioa. 

Bolb'tdi lanA'Rica. The lyatematii name 
for the Ag'an'c, Agar'itm, Agar-icum of 
Phannaoopieiaa, Agar'taa (Xfrnryo'nim, Age 
icM Qttrcai tea ignia'riut, Poljip'orut ig*{a'riia, 
It'ea, BoU'lut mngula'liu tea fulvHt »u kimo- 
ere^iV aea o&tii'tu, Spimk, An'adou, Punk, Fun- 
OHf Ignin'rint, Fimgrt QHepct'aiia, Agaric of tim 
Oak, Tbiulxuad, ToialtKaod BoUlnt, fnnalt 
Agaric, Titder, (Y.) Agaric dt cUme, Amadou. 
ritr. Il wBi foraarlj much oaed by aurgeona aa 
• Btjplio. 

Bolb'tci L^B'icia, B. XoWei'aw, Fm'gui 
lar'leii, Poln'onu offlrina'lli, Agar'icKi aibm 
ten Lar-la; Pulgpfonu oJleiHa'IU, A. AlboM op'- 
Umm, B. purgam, B. altai, B. agar-ifu, B. nffl- 
tina-lu, mUt Agaric, (F.) Agarit blane. On 
Uw cDuUnent of Europe it bu been giien aa a 
(■Uurtio and emetic, ai wall aa to modara(« die , 

bloat, Terrr SigHlft, Argih ockrnut pSIe. It 
waa uaed like Bole jtmcaiim, and vaa broi^t 
&um Etruria. Saa Tarrak 

BoLua, Alimeh'taST, Bol^a Mimcata'riHt. 
The bole rormad by tfa* food, after it bai DDda-' 
gone maatioatioD and InaabTalioii in the mouth ; 
and beeik eolleetad npon tba longae prior to de- 

BoLci Omiim'ui. A kind of boUr earth, 
odI; diitinguiahed fttim Bole Armenian in being 
brought from Conataotinople. See Bole, Aim*- 

BoLiTt RmHA, Bole, Amenian. 

BOMA'REA SALSIL'LA. The inhabitaiilc 
of Chili uee Ibla plant aa a indoriflo. It ia gir«a 
in lufuiion In cutaneoaa diaeiaea. 

BOUIJAX, Ooaaypiom. 


BOMBl'B, AiJri^m fiwHua'tio, A. SiVitM, A. 
Am'flu, A. Sutur'nu, (F.) fioiiieiwmt. A kind 
of ringing or buuing In the ean; — characterixadf 
aoeording to Sactasbi, by the perception of 
blowi or beating repeated at certain inlarTal^ 
Alao, Borborygmaa. Sea Flatulence, and Tin- 

BOUBYX MOHI, aee Serlenm. 

BON, Coffaa Arabia*. 

BONA. PbaaeoluB Tulgarla. 


BONA FEVER, aee Ferer, Bona. 

BONDUE, GymDOeladoa Canadenila. 

BONE, 0; Ot'itoa, Witmm, (F.) 0>, 8aio^ 
ban. Tba bonaa ar« the solid and hard part^ 
which form the Iwaia of the bodiea of animala 
of the auperior daaaeij and the union of whleh 
coneUtutea the ikcUlon. The human bod; ha^ 
I at the adult age, 208 bonea, withont inclodini 
the 3! teeth, the oa» Wonniana, and th* aea*- 
. moid bonea. Analomieta diiide them, from th^ 
shape, into 1. Lotig ioui, which form part of IW 
limba, and repraaant columnt tor supporting th* 
weight of (he body, or level* of different klndl 
I for (he muaclas to act upon. 2. Flat baaa, whiah 
form the parietca of aplanchnio earitiaa; and, 1. 
Short boHrf, met with in parta of the bodj where 

llidity ar 

o difl'er* 

eompacU Thcj afford, on analysia, much phoa* 
phata and carbonate of Ume, a little phoapbala 
of migneaia, phoapbate ef ammonia, oiidea of 
iron and maoganeae, aome tnces of alumina and 
ailica, gela(in, fa^ and water. The nies ol th* 
bgnea are mentioned under each bone. Tbtf 
give ahapa (o the body, contain and defend IM 
Tiacara, and aet aa IsTen to the mnicleb 


«ABLB ov m Bosrss. 






Bones of Uw 

Bone of the 

Bones of tlw 

FronUl 1 

Parieul 3 

OcelpitsI 1 

Trmporsl 9 

Ethmoid 1 

Splienoid 1 

Superior Maiillary . . . . S 

Jngsl or Cbeek S 

NassI S 

Lachrymal S 

Palatioe 9 

Inferior Spongy 9 

Vomer ] 

Inferior Maxillary .... 1 

Incisores 8 

Cutpidati 4 

Molaies SO 

Hyoid.. 1 

Bums of 



MaUeos 9 

Ineus 9 

OrMcaUre 9 

Bupes 9 

Cenrical 7 

OorMl 19 

Lombar S 



FM Ex- 

Of Occffte ... 
The Tktrmx, j 
The PtlMf. 
TheSlMtWir. I 







The Tkigk. 

The Lsg, 





r* I MttaUrmu 
\ PkmUngu 

Sternum I 

Ribs 94 

Innominatam 9 

Clavicle 9 

Seapula 9 

Humerus 9 

Ulna 9 

Radius 9 

Navicolare 9 

Lunare 9 

Cuneirorme 9 

Orbiculare 9 

Trapezium 9 

Trapesoides 9 

Mafnum 9 

Uncilbrme 9 



Femur 9 

Patella 9 

Tibia 9 

Fibula 9 

CakisOs 9 

Asiracalus 9 

Cuboides 9 

NsTiculare 9 

CunrtlbrBie 6 

, 10 

...^ 98 

ToUl, 940 

Bonx-AcBy Osteoeopiu — b. Baek, Vertebral 
aolnmn — b. Bar, Pubis, os — b. Blade, Scapula— 
K Boat-like, Os leaphoidefl — b. Breast^ Sternum 
— b. Crupper, Coooyz. 

Bom Fbtbr, see Inflammation. 

Bostm, Haukor, Ilion — ^b. Interparietal, Inter- 
nariotnl bone — b. Romp, Coocyx — ^b. Share, Pa- 
tb— b. Splinter, Fibula. 

Boira KiPFERS, OtUnPewmy TWie'itlei, from 
fsnco, 'I hold.' (F.) TenailU ineiHve, An in- 
rtrament used for cutting off splinters and car- 
tilages. It is a kind of forceps, the handles of 
whieh are strong, and the edges^ which tonoh 
eadi other, cutting. 

BONBBINDER, Osteoeolla. 

BONB.DOCTOR, Renoumr, 

BONESET, Enpatorium perfoliatum— b. Up- 
land, Enpatorium sessilifolinm. 

BONE-SETTER, Renoueur, 

•Minm— b. Friability of the, Fragilitas ossinm— 
K Salt of, AmmonisB carbonas — b. Softening of 
4be^ Mollities ossium. 

B09IFACIA, Rnscns hypoglossvm. 

BONNB DAME, Atriplez hortensis. 

is a Tillage six leagues from Pan, In the depart- 
ment Bcutet Pyrinietf France. Here are several 
thermal springs. They were celebrated as earlj 
as the time of Francis I., under the name Eauao 
cTArquebwade, They contain chlorides of sodium 
and magnesium, sulphates of magnesia and lime, 
sulphur, and silica. The temperature is from 78® 
to 98° Fahrenheit 

The factitiotu Ea.u de BoinnBg is made ot Htf» 
drotulphuretted watery f^iy; pure water ^ Oj. and 
f H^ss ; chloride of eodium, gr. xxx ; etUphate of 
mcufnemtif gr. i 

BONNET, Reticulum. 


poe'ratee, Mitra Hippoerat'iea, Fae'eia capita' lie, 
Pi'leue Hippoerat'teue, A kind of bandage, the 
inrention of which is ascribed to Hippocrates. 
It consists of a double-headed roller, passed over 
the head so as to envelop it like a cap. Tha 
French, also, name ity Bonnet d deva glohee, 
Capeline de la tSte. 

BONNYCLABBER, Clabber, from Irish, 
fratne, 'milk,' and elabar, 'mire.' In Ireland, 
sour buttermilk. In this country, the thick part 
of sour milk. 

febrifuga — b. Trifoliata, Cusparia febrifuga. 

BONTIA GERMINANS, Avicennia tomen. 

BONUS GENIUS, Peneedanum— b. Henrious, 
Chenopodium bonus Henricus. 

BONY, Osseous. 


BOONA, Phaseolus vulgaris. 


BOOTIKIN. A glove with a partition for tha 
thumb, but no separate ones for Uie fingers — like 
ui infant's glove — made of oiled silk. — Dr. E. J. 
Seymour. Horace Walpole speaks in raptures 
of the benefit he derived from bootikins in gout. 

BORAC'IC ACID, Ac"idum Borae"icum, Sal 
tedati'vue Hombbr'oI| ^orte Add, (F.) Aeide 
boraeique. An acid obtained from borax, which 
was once looked upon as sedative. It was also 
called Acor Boracf'icut, Sal vitrioli narcofieum, 
Sal volat'ile Bora'cie, and Floree Bora'eis. 

BORAGE, Borago ofiicinalis. 

BORA'GO OFFICINA'LIS, Bugloe'emn w- 
rvm, Bug. latifo'lium, Borra'go, Corra'gc, Bo" 
rago korten'ns, Borage, (P.) Bourrache. Nat, 
Ord. Boraginese. Sex. Sv9l, Pentandria Mono- 
gynia. The leaves and flowers have been con- 
sidered aperient 


BORATHRON, Juniperus Sabina. 

BORAX, Borae Sodat, Sodtt Bibo'rae, Subbo^ 
rat Soda, Borat eupertat'unu todes, Soda Bo^ 
raxa'ta, ChrytoeoVla, Capit'trum auri, Subborate 
of protox'ide of So'dium, Subprotobo'rate of So» 
diuM, Borat Sodat alcalet'cent sen alcaWnum, 
Borat tuperto'diciu, Borax Ven'etut, Subbo'rae 
Na'trieum, Boraa^trion, Nitrum facti"tium, Ac. 
Subbo'rate or Biborate of Soda, Borate of So€Ui, 
(F.) Borate ou Sout-borate de Soude, Borate mr- 
taturf de toude. It is found in an impure state in 
Thibet and Persia. It is inodorous ; taste cool, 
and somewhat alkaline; soluble in 12 parts of 
water. Borax is seldom used except as a lotion 
in aphthsB. 

Borate of Mercubt has been recommended 
as an antisyphilitic. 


African shrub, used in asthma and hydrothorax* 
In decoction, it is given as a diuretio. — Pappa. 

BOIiBOB,\}S, Fima». 




BORBORYG'MUS, from $op$opv^u, '1 make a 
dull noise.' Murmur sen Bombut sea Motu§ /»- 
teiftino'rumf Anile'maf Anile'tit, Omloptoph'tOy I%- 
iona'tio intftina'liuy Murmur tfentris sen intetti- 
ma'Uf BorboryffMf (F.) Gargouillemenif OromlU' 
ment d'EntraiUe$. The noise made by flatus in 
the intestines. This happens often in healUi, 
eepeci&lly in nervous individuals. 

BOlib, (F.) Margo, Edge, Margin, Anato- 
misttf have so named the boundaries of an organ. 
Thus, the bones, muscles, kc, have hord* as well 
as bodies. The 'free edge,' hard librtf it one not 
connected with any part; the 'adhering edge,' 
hord adhSrtnt, one that it connected; and the 
bord articulaire, or 'articular margin, or edge,' 
that which is joined to another bone. 

BORD OIUAIRE, Ciliary margin. 

Near this great city, in the south-west of France, 
is a saline, chalybeate spring. It contains oxide 
of iron, carbonate and sulphate of lime, chlorides 
of sodium and calcium, sabcarbonate of soda, and 
sulphate of magnesia. 

BORE. Boron. 

BO RONE, (F.) CoeUt, Unoe'ulnt, Lnteut, 
Lu9cio'9u», One who has only one eye, or sees 
only with one. The word has been used, figa- 
ratively, for Hind, in surgery and anatomy. See 

BORIUM, Boron. 

BORKUAUSENIA CAVA, Fumaria bulboaa. 

BORN ; past particle of btar, (F.) nL Brought 
forth from the womb. 

Born Aliyb. It has been deeided by BngUsh 
Judges, that ' to be bom alire,' means that acts 
of life must have been manifested after the whole 
body has been extruded ; and that respiration in 
tramitu it not evidence that a child was bom 
alive. It mqflt be 'wholly horn alive;' henee res- 
piration may be a sign of life, but not of Uw birtk, 

BORON, Bo'Hum, Borum, (F.) Bore. A simple 
substance, the basis of boraoie add ; obtained, by 
heating potassium with boracio acid, as a dark 
nlive-coloured powder, devoid of taste and smell. 
Heated in the air or in oxygen, it is converted 
Into boraeic acid. 

BOR'OSAIL, ZaeL uSthiopian names for a 
lisease, very common there, which attacks the 
•rgans of generation, and appears to have oon- 
d&rable analogy with syphilis. 

BORRAGO, Borago officinalis. 

BORRI, Curcuma longa. 

BORRIBERRI, Curcuma longa. 

c village in B^am. The waters are chalybeate. 

BORUM, Boron. 

BOSA. An iBgyptian name for a mass, made 
of the meal of darnel, hemp-seed, and water. It 
i. inebriating. — Prospero Alpini. 

lum glaucum. 

BOSOM, see Mamma. 

B08SA, Plague token. 

BOSSE, Hump, Protuberanoa— (. NataU, 
Nasal protuberance. 

BOSWELLIA SERRATA, tee Juniperas lyda. 

BOTAL FORA'MEN, Fora'men Bota'U sea 
BotaVUi ! the Fora'men ova'li, (F.) Trtm d% 
Botal, Trou ovale. A large opening whidi exists 
In the fostus in the partition between the two 
auricles of the heart; and by means of which 
the blood passes from one to the other. Its 
iijfcovery is generally attributed to Leonard Bo- 
liillus, Botal, or Botalli, who wrote in 1582. It 
wot spoken of, however, by Yesalins, and eren 
by OiJen. 

BOTANE, Herb. 


BO TANTQ UE m£dWALE, Botany, meAed. 

BOT'ANY, MED'ICAL, Botan'iea Mtd^icm^ 
Medici'na Botan'iea, PKytolo^'ia med'iea ; from 
fieravn, 'an herb,' (F.) Botantque Mfdieale. Tha 
knowledge of the properties, characters, ke^ of 
those vegetables which are used in medicine. 

BOTAR'GO, (F.) Botargue, A preparation 
made in Italy uad the south of France, with the 
eggs and blood of the Mugileeph*alue or MuUetf 
strongly salted, after it has become putresee&L 
It is used as a condiment. 

BOTARGUE, Botargo. 

BOTHOR. An Arabic term for abecest in Hit 
nares. It means, also, a tumour in general: 
especially those which are without tolation of 

BOTIIRIOCEPH'ALUS, Botrioeepk'alue la- 
tu9, Bothrioeepkfalum, Botrioeeph'alue, from fiet^ 
^ov, ' a small pit,' and cc^iy, ' head,' T^nia laiit, 
T. vufga'rim, Lumhrifeut latue, Ptate'a, T. oe'emliM 
lateralfibue gem'inie, T.grieea, T, membrana'eeOf 
T, teneVla, T. denta'ia, T, Kuma'na iner'mit, HaV» 
ffeie membrana'cea, T. prima, T, oe'cuU* laterdPm 
ibue eolita'riie, T. ae^ak'ala, T, oecuiie '^P^lA' 
eiixVibue, T, d cmneetux eourtt, T, non arme, rer 
eolitaire, Broad Tape worm. Common in Swlt- 
serland, Russia, and tome parts of France. li 
inhabits the intestines of man, and extends to aa 
enormous length. A broken specimen has bees 
obtained 60 yards long. — Go^se. 

BOTH'RION, Botk*rium, from Po^fSy 'a pit» 
cavity,' Ac An alweolue or snuUl foei^a. A 
small deep uloer on the cometu — Galen, Pinlu 
of ^gina. See Fonette, 

BOTHRIUM, Bothrion, FometU. 

BOTHROS, Fovea. 

BOTIN, Terebinthina. 

BOTIUM, Bronchooele. 

BOTOTHINUM. An obscure term, used hy 
FaraceitiUH lo uvuote ihe most striking bymptoni 
of a disease : — ^the Floe morbi, 

BOTOU, Pareira brava. 

BOTRIOCEPHALUS, Bothrioeephalus. 

BOTRION, Alveolus. 


BOTRTS, ChenopHodinm botrys, see Vitit vini- 
fera — b. Ambroisioides, Chenopodium ambro- 
sioides — b. Americana, Chenopodium ambrosioidei 
— b. Anthclminticum, Chenopodium anthelmin- 
ticnm — b. Mexicana, Chenopodium ambrosioidet. 

BOTTINE, (F.) A ikin boot or buakin, O'erea 
le'vior. An instrument, which resembles a small 
boot, frimished with springs, straps, buckles, Ac^f 
and used to obviate diistor^nt of the lower e>* 
tremities in children. 

BOTTLE-NOSE, Gotta rosea. 

BOTTLE-STOOP. In Pharmaoy, an arraBge- 
ment for giving the proper inclination to a bottlt 
containing a powder, so at to admit of the eoB« 
tents being readily removed by the knife, in ^Ht- 
pensing medicines. It consists of a block of 
wood with a groove in the upper surfkoo, to ra- 
odve the botde in an oblique position. 

BOUBALIOS, Momordioa elaterium, VolTa, 

BOUBON, Bubo. 

BOVCAGE MAJEUR, Pimpinella magna-— 
b, Mineur, Pimpinella taxiftnga — h. Petit, Fbn- 
pinella saxifraga. 

BOUOHEy Mouth. 

BOUCLEMENT, Infibulation. 

BOUES DE3 EAUX, (F.) Pones MtnittOte, 
BaVnea Octno'ea, The mud or twamp, fonneA 
near mineral spring*, impregnated with the tab- 
stances contained in rach springs, and oonto^ 
quently possessing similar properties. The Btmm 
are applied generally and topically, in Fraaee^ 
at the tprings of St. Amand, Bagnftret de LaehMi, 





Bacnda, Bw6gct; in the tTnltod 6taftM» at tht 
Vbito Sulphur in Virginia, Ac 

BOUES MINSRALES, Bourn de$ «ai«». 

BOCFFE, (F.) The small emineneey forMad 
%j th« junction of the two lipa« — Dnlanrana. 

BOUFFISSURE, Pafflneea. 

BOUGIE, (F.) A wax candle: Cand^VtOay 
Oaudt'ioy C, ee'rff Cand^la mediea'ta, Gs'rmim 
medica*tum, Ceretdua Okirwrg&rwm, Bdi'dum, 
Specil'ium et^remm, Viraa ec'reii, (Mftolma, A 
flexible cylinder, yariable in riie, to be intro- 
dneed into the nrethray oeaophi^^aay rectom, Ae., 
for the pnrpose of dilating these canals, when 
oontncted. A A'Mpla Bom$i9 is eomposed of 
aoUd and insoluble substances ; as plaster, elastie 
gam, catgut, Ac li aets of ooune only meeh»- 

Boc«», Mbi/ioatbv, (F.) B, If4dieam€tUemM, 
hns the addition of some esoharotio or other sub- 
ctance to destroy the obstacle ; as in the Camaiie 
Bougit^ which hna a small portion of Lunmr Cbiie. 
He or Common CauHie inserted In its extremity. 
Dttcamp has recommended a Bougie, which swells 
•ut near ita extremity, for the better dilating of 
the urethra. This he calls B. d v€ntr$. The 
metoUic Bongio, inrented by Smyth, is a compo^ 
sition of metal, allowing of great flexibility ; aftd 
m hMow Bougie is one, with a channel running 
through it, to be used in the same manner aa the 
eatheter, or ottierwise. 

BOUILLIE (F.)» P^io'ula, Papy from (F.) 
houitUr, * to boil.' Flour, beaten and boiled with 
milk. It is a common food for infants. 

BOUILLON, (F.) from houiUir, * to boil,' /««, 
Sorhit^'io, A Uqnid food, made by boiling the 
flesh of animals in water. The osmasome, geLa- 
tla, and soluble salts dissolve ; the fat melts, and 
Ihe albumen coagulates. Bouillon is nourishing^ 
owin^ to the gelatin and osmazomc. The Ju» de 
Viarnie is a very coneentrated Bouillon, prepared 
of beef, mutton, veal, Ac. 

BOUILLOlff in common language, in France, 
■aeaos a round fleshy excrescence, sometimes 
Men in the oentre of a venereal ulcer. 

BOUILLON BLANC, Verbascum nigrum. 

MACEUTIQUES, Medicinal or Pkarmaeeutic 
BouiilonSf contain inliisions or decoctions of me- 
dicinal herbc The BouiUon mac korbm is gene* 
rally composed of torrei or be^. 

BOUILLON d'OS, (F.) BomUon from homoe, 
is obtained by treating bones with mnriatio add, 
in order to dimolve the earthy parts. The gela- 
tin, wbiah remains, is then boiled with a little 
toeafc and vegelabl es ^— D *Arcet. Booillen, how- 
ever, can be easily pbtained from the bones of 
roast meat by simple cectiott. 


BOUIS, Buxus. 

BOULB IfACIBR, Ferrara tartarisatum— (. 
de- Mmre, Ferraa tartarisatitm — 6. 4i» JfoMeiai, 
Femun ta«tariialam^6. de Nemcgy Ferram tar- 

BOULEAU COMMUN, Betala alba. 

B0ULBSI8, Voluntac 

BOULIM'IA, Bulim'ia, BuUm'iue, BufUmue, 
BoufUmo^ Buiiu^ame, BoUmnoe, EeHm'iiM, Famee 
esm'iM, A ppeti^ tm taminue, Appeten'tia cmni^na, 
Adepka'gia, Cgnorex'ia, Ortafie e^mo'dee, Bupi'- 
mof Bnpei^net, Pkagm'na, Phageda^un, Famee 
Bofefma, F, LupCwm, fttfrnt 0outt ' an ox,' and XtfMt, 
< hungar f or aom 09, augmentative particle, and 
XtfiHf * hunger,' (F.) Boutimief Faim oamine, F, 
diuoramie, Poigpkagie, An almoai hsaatiable 
huagsr. A eanine appet it e. It ia sometimei 
wttm. in hyiteriA aod pNguaey; 
•cher eirenmstanoes. 

BOVLUOB, BanUialfti 

rwaly nndsf 


Boulogne is in the department of Pas-de-Calali, 
France. The waters are chalybeate. 

(F.) from hcmmtei, a eollection of flowers or other 
sabstances tied together. A name given, by some 
anatomists, to the collection of ligaments andi 
muscles, inserted into the styloid process of the 
temporal bone 

BouQDBT FxvKB, Denguo. 

BOURBILLON, see Fumneulns (core.) 

OF. Bourbon-Lanoy b a small village in the 
department of SaAne-et- Loire, France; where 
there are thermal saline springs, containing car- 
bonie aeid, chloride of sodium, and sulphate of 
soda, chloride of calcium, carbonate of lime, iron^ 
and eiUca. Their heat U from I08» to 135o 

WATERS OF. This town is in the department 
of Allier, six leagues west from Moulias, and 
has been long celebrated for its thennal ohaly* 
beate waters. They contain snlphohydric acid, 
sulphate of soda, magnesia, and lime, carbonate 
of iron, and silica. Their temperature varies be* 
tween 136° and 145° Fahrenheit. 

WATERS OF. These springs are seven leagues 
from Langres, department of Haute -Mame> 
France. They are thermal and saline, and have 
been long celebrated* Temperatnre from 106^ 
to 133° Fahrenheit. The FaeUtioue water, {¥.) 
Earn de Bourhonm e h e^Baine, Aqua Borvoaeweief 
is compoeed of ^MBter, containing twice its bulk 
of earbouie aeid, tXxxM ; ddoride of eodium, 
fgj, eUoride c/eo/stum, gr. x, Ac 

A village near Mount d'Or, where there are two 
thermal saline springs. 

BOURDAINJS, RhamnuB frangnla. 

BOURDONNEMENT, Tinnitus aurinm. 

BOURDONNET, Pulvil'lue, P. e linamen'tie 
eon/ee'tue, P, rotun'due, DoeeiL A term ia French 
surgery for charpie rolled into a small mass of 
an olive shape, which is used for plugging wounds^ 
absorbing the discharge, and preventing the 
union of their edges. In cases of deep and pene- 
trating wounds, as of the abdomen or chest, a 
thread is attached to them by which they may 
be readily withdrawn, and be prevented from 
passing altogether into those cavities. 

BOUROENE, Rhamnus frangula. 

BOURGEON, Granulation, Papula— i. Charm 
an, Oranulation. 

BOURGEONS, OutU rosea. 

BOURRACHE, Borago officinalis. 

BOUBRELET (F.), A Pad, % Border. A 
fibro-cartilagiaous border, which surrounds oer« 
tain articular cavities, such as the glenoid cavity 
of the scapuln and the acetabulum ; by which tba 
depth of those cavities is augmented. 

BOVBRELBT ROVlA, Comu ammonia. 

BOURSE a BEROER, Thlaapibataa— 6. A 
PoMteur, Thlaspibcnrsa. 

BOURSES, (LES,) Serotom. 


BOUTON, Papula— «. ^AU^, see Anthrax-i- 
h. Matin, sea Anthrax — 6. vOr, RanunciduB 
aeris. . 

BOUTONNIEBS (F.), Fieeu'ra, Intit^io. A 
small incision made into ^e urethra to extract a 
calculus from the oanal, when it is too large ta 
be disebargad. 

Also, a smidl incision or puncture, made in tha 

Eitoneum, or above the pubis, to penetrate the 
dder in aartaib eaaaa pi rstentfoB of urinab 




BOYACHEVO, Datnn MBgoinaa. 

BOVILLiB, Rubeola. 

BOVISTA, Lycopordon. 

BOWEL, Intestine. 

BOWLEGIJED, see Cnemofcoliosb. 

BOWMAN'S ROOT, Euphorbi* oorollata, Gil. 
Unia trifoliato, Leptandria parpurea. 

BOXUEKRY, Gaultheria. 

BOX, MOUNTAIN, Arbutns ura nrai. 

BOX TREE, BuxuB, Cornni Florida. 

BOXWOOD, CornuB Florida. 

BOY All, Intestine. 

BRAUVLON, Pranam Damaaeeniim. 



BRACUIA COPULATIYA, see Peduncles of 
the Cerebellum. 

BRACUIA PONTIS, see Peduncles of the 

BRAOILEUS, Brachial — b. Infcemns, Bra- 
ehialis anterior. 

BRA'ClilAL, Brackia'lis, Braekim'tu, from 
BrachiuiHt * the ami.' What belongs to the arm. 

Bracuial Ai'ONRItro'sis. An aponeurosis, 
formed imrticulorly by expansions of the tendons 
of the latiffiiuus dursi, pectoralis major, and del- 
toides muselci', and which completely envelops 
the muffulcs of the arm. 

Brachial Artkry, Arte'ria hrackia'ltBf Hu'' 
WMral Artery J (F.) Artire ou Trone brachial. 
The artery, which extends from the axilla to the 
bend of the elbow ; where it divides into A, cubi' 
talit and A. rudmlit. It passes along the inter- 
nal edge of the biceps, behind the median nerve 
and between the accompanying reins. Under 
the name Brachial Artery, M. Chaussier includes 
the BulH-Iavian, axillary, and humeral, the last 
being the brachial proper. 

Brachial Muscle, Aittrrior, Mu^eulua Bra- 
chia'liM Ante'rior, Brachia'Ut inlemiM, B, anti'" 
cti«, Brachia'mif Brnchia'u* titfemtft, (F.) Mutcle 
brachial interna, Humiro-cubital — (Ch.) This 
muscle is situate at the anterior and inferior part 
of the arm, and before the elbow-joint It arises, 
fleshy, from the middle of the os humeri, and is 
inserted into the coronoid process of the ulna. 
CTte. Tu bend the fore-arm. 

Brachial Plkxvh, Plextu Braehia'lit, is a 
nervous plexus, formed by the interlacing of the 
anterior branches of the last four cervical piurs 
and the first dorxnl. It is deeply seated in the 
hollow of the axilla, and extends as far as the 
inferior and lateral part of the neck. It gives 
off the thoracic nerves, §upra and infra tcopHlar, 
and the brachial (which are six in number,) the 
axillary, cutaneoua, mutculo'Cutaneomt, radial, 
eubitaly and median. 

Brachial Veins are two in number, and ac- 
company the artery, frequently anastomosing 
with each other : they terminate in the axillary. 
Under the term Brachial Vein, Chaussier in- 
cludes the humeral, axillary, and subclavian. 


BRACIIIAL'GIA, NeuraVgia Brachial*, 
from fipax'ov, * the arm,' and cAyof, ' pain.' Pain 
in the arm, neuralgia of the arm. 

BRACIIIALIS, Brachial— b.AnUcu8, Brachial 
muscle— b. Externus, see Triceps extensor oubiti 
— b. Internns, Brachial muscle. 




natA artcria — b. Veins, Innominatss vena. 
V B R A 'C II I O-C U' B I TAL, Braehio-eubita'lis, 
^Hiat which belongs both to the arm and cubitus. 
This name has been given to the internal lateral 
Ji^amont of the elbow-joint; because it is at- 

tached to the OS brachii or os humeri and to Ai 
oubitos or ulna. 

BRACHIOCYLLO'SIS, from /Spaxttfv, ftko 
arm,' and ciAXm^i (, ' the act of making crooked.' 
Curvature of the arm inwards.' Paralysis or ]am 
of power from curvature of the arm. 

BRACHION. Brachium. 

BRACUION'CUS, from fipmxitt*, 'the am,' 
and ovco(, ' a swelling.' A tumour of the arm. 

BRA'CHIO-RA'DIAL^^racAto-rfufiV/it. Thai 
which belongs to the brachium and radius. This 
name has been applied to the external ]at«nl 
ligament of the elbow-jointy because it is attached 
to Uie humerus and to the radius. See Supinator 
radii longus. 

BRACniORRHEU'MA, Bheumatit'mut hrm'- 
chii, from ppa^wv, 'the arm,' and flfv/io, 'defliu- 
ion, rheumatism.' Rheumatism or the arm. 


BRA'CHIUM, Bra'ckion, lacer'tv*, (F.) Brma^ 
the arm. The arm from the shoulder to the wris^ 
or the |»art between the shoulder and elbow. Set 
Humeri, Os. 

BRA'cHirv Antb'rius. a ronnded proeoH^ 
which passes from Uie anterior pair of the cor- 
pora quadrigemina {natet) obliquely outward! 
into the thalamus opticus. 

Brachium Movbks Quartts, Latiss imns donL 

Bra'chium Posts'rius. a rounded proccM^ 
which passes from the posterior pair of the qaa>» 
drigemina ((e«fe«) obliquely outwards into th« 
optic thalamus. 

BRACHUNA, Nymphomania^ Satyriasis. 

BRACIIYAU'CHEN, from fipux^t* 'short,' and 
nx^T't ' neck.' One who has a short neck. 

BRACHTCEPH'ALiB, (Gentes) ' short head^* 
ftrom Ppaxytf * short,' and m^aXif, ' head.' In tha 
classification of Retsius, those nations of mc^ 
whose cerebral lobes do not completely cover th« 
cerebellum — as the Sclavonians, Fins|, Persian^ 
Turks, Tartars, Ac. 

BRACHYCURON'IUS, from fifrnx^t, 'short," 
and xpovof, ' time.' That whieh eontinueo hut • 
short time. A term applied to diseasea whU 
are of short duration. — Galen. 

BRACIiYGNA'THUS, from /3p«x»ff» *«h«^' 
and yvatfof, ' the under jaw.' A monster with to* 
short an under jaw. — Gurlt. 

BRACnYNSIS, AbbreviaUon. 

BRACHYPN(EA, Dyspnoea. 

BRACHYP'OTI. from ^x»c> 'shorty' aaa 
ronrc, ' drinker.' They who drinlc little^ or who 
drink rarely. Ilippoc., Galen, Foesius. 

BRACIIYRHYNTIIUS; from fymxytf '•hcrt»' 
and p^Yxtt 'snout.' A monster with too sheet a 


BRACING, Corroborant 

BRACKEN, Pteris aquilina. 

BRADYiBSTHB'SIA, from 0fa9vf, 'difflddV' 
and aioOtivtf, * sensation.' Impaired 

BRADYB0LISMU8, Bradyspermafeismi 

BRADYECOIA, Deafness. 

BRADYLOG''IA, Dytla'lia; from 0pe4*r, «diB* 
cult, and Xovof, 'a discourse.' Difficulty of speodi. 

BRADYMASE'SIS, BradwmatBt'M, impvo- 
perly Brady matite' tit, Mandnea'tio diffit^'iUt, 
from fipaivs, 'difficult,' and M«ir#iCy 'mastica* 
tion.' Difficult mastication. See Dysmascna. 

BRADYMASTESIS, Bradymasesis. 

BRADYPEP'SIA, Tarda eib</rvm coaeM^tM^ 
from 0paivs, ' slow,' and rtvrw, ' I digest.' Skm 
digestion.— Galen. See Dyspepsia. 

Ejaeula'tio 0em'ini* imped' ita, DytpermaUifmim^ 
from Pfahvi, * slow,' and nt^ti, ' sperm.' A dow 
emission of sperm. 

BRADYSU'RIA, TeaM'miis vmftm^ (f^ t€-^ 




vMeal, ttem 0pni9t, 'difflenlV tad wpcir, 
' to pan the urine.' Painftd eraeuifctioB of the 
urine, with perpetual deeire to roid it Dviurta. 

BRADYTOeiA, Dyitoeia. 

BRAG'UET, Braggart, Bramoort A name 
formerly applied to a tisao of noney and water. 
Boo Hydromeli. 

BBAf, LIQUIDB, aoo Pintu lylyeatrU — 6. 
Sftf Cotophonia. 

BRAIN, Cerebram — ^b. Fag, see Nerrons dia> 
thesifl — \i. Little, Cerebellum — ^b. Pan, Graniom. 

ia a f mall village, three leagues from SoisBons, 
France, which has purgatiYo waters similar to 
tboM of Pa^sy. 

BRAKE, COMMON, Pteris Aquilina^b. Rock, 
Polypodiom vulgare, Polypodium incannm-— b. 
Root, Polypodium vulgare. 

fratieoeus — b. Common, Rubns fimticosus. 

BRAN, Furfur. 


BRANCA GERMANICA, Heracleum spondy- 
Unm — b. Ursina, Acanthus mollis — b. Vera, Acan- 
thus mollis. 

BRANCH, from (F.) BraneU, originally, pro- 
bably, from /9pa>^iwv, 'an arm,' (?) because branches 
of trees, Ac, go off like arms. A term applied, 
generally, to the principal division of an artery 
or nerve. The word is commonly used synonv- 
moualy with Jiamus; but often, with the French, 
^rancAe signifies the great division; — Bameau, 
Lat Bamuay the division of the branches; and 
BamM9eule»f Lat Bamuteuli, the divisions of 
these last. 

The French, also, speak of the hranehe* of the 

Kbis for the Bami of that bone, branches of the 
ihium for the rami of the ischium, Ac. 

QiB {PETITES) Corpora PsstiformiA. 

BBANCHI, Branck<B, Swellings of the ton- 
■ils, or parotid, according to some ; — of the thy- 
roid gland, according to others. 

BRAN'CUIA, (Or.) S^yX^a. The gUls or re- 
spiratory organs of fishes, coxTespon<i^g to the 
lungs of terr&strial animals. 

BRANCHUS, &^rx»i, Bauc^do. A catarrhal 
affection of the mucous membrane of the fauces, 
trachea, kc — Galen. Hoarseness. 

BRANCI, Cynanche tonsillaris. 

BRANCIA, Vitrum. 

BRANDY, (G.) Branntwein, Dutch, 
Brandwijn, 'burnt wine.' Vinum adut'tum 
sea erema'tum, Aqua Vit&, (F.) Eau dt vie, (S.) 
Aguardiente, The first liquid product obtained 
by distilling wine. It is composed of water, al- 
cohol, and an aromatic oily matter, which gives 
H its flavour. Brandy is a powerful and diffusi- 
ble stimulanty and as such is used in medicine. 
It haa been also called Liqu&r AquiU*giu§» See 

BsAHsr, Applk, see Pyms malni — b. Egg, 
we Ovum. 

BBANK8, Cvnanehe paiotidssa. 

BRANRURSINB Acanthus mollij. 


BRAS. See Oryta. 

BBAS, Brachium— ^. <fii CerveUt, Corpora res- 

RISM. An operation by ligature, proposed by 
Brasder, whioh consists in the application of the 
ligatnre on the distal side of the tumour. 

BrasCgnr is a place in the diooesa of Rhodes, 
whare there are oathartio waters. 

BRASSNIA, 6. Hydropeltls. 

BRASs'inA Htdropbl'tis, Brase'niaf B. ptlU 
ta'ta, Hydr&peVti9 purpu'rwa, Gelat'iua aquarieOf 
Frogleaf, Little Water Lily, Water Jelly, WaUr 
ehield, Deer/ood, An indigenous plant, JVaf. Ord, 
Rannnculacese, Sex, Syt, Polyandria Polygynia, 
flourishing from Kentucky to Carolina and Flo- 
rida; and covering the surface of ponds, marshesi 
Ac. The fresh leaves are mucilaginous, and hav« 
been used in pulmonary complaints, dysentery^ 
Ac, like Cetraria. 

Brasenia Pbltata, B. Hydropeltis. 

BRASH, WATER, Pyrosis. 

Brash, Wkakiitg, Atroph'ia Ahlaetatchrwm, 
A severe form of diarrhoea, which supervenes at 
times on weaning. The Maladie de OruvilM*^ 
appears to be a similar affection. 

BBASILETTO, see Casalpinia. 


BRASMOS, Fermentation. 

BRASS, Sax. bpar, WeUh, pr6s. Auriclmff* 
eum, Orichal'ctm, jEeecavum, Chryeoekal'ee^ 
(F.) Strain. A yellow metal, formed by mixing 
copper with calamine. The same general remariu 
apply to it as to copper. See Cuprum. 

BRAS'SICA, Cramhi, Bra^eiea olera'eemi A 
eapita'ta sou eutna'na of the old Romans. Th« 
Cabbage, (F.) Okoupotager, Family, Craeifetv. 
Sex, Syet, Tetradynamia Siliqnosa. Cato wrote 
a book on its virtues. It is a vegetabW by no 
means easy of digestion when boiled ; whoa raw, 
it appears to be more digestible. When forming 
a soUd globular mass, like a head, it is the j£ 
Capita' ta, (F.) Okou-Cabue, Ckau PommS. 

SRA88ICA Cahika, Mercuiialis perenus — K 
oapitata, Brassica — b. Cumana, Brassica. 

Bras'sioa Eru'ca, B. hie^pida, Eru^ea, E^/ce*' 
tida sen eati'va, Sina^pie eru'ea, Sitym^briuw^ 
erucae'trum, Oardeu Boehet, Boman Bocket, Ac, 
(F.) Chon Boquette, Boquette* This was consi- 
dered by the Romans an aphrodisiac, — C<^a- 
mella. The seeds were cwdinarily used. 

Bras'sica Flor'ida, — Braa^eiea Pompeia'mm 
of the ancients — the Caulijlowr, OauHe Flor'idm, 
(F.) CkoU'JUw, is a more tender and digestibla 

The Broe'eoii, B. SaheFliea of the Romans, B. 
Ital'ica, belongs to this variety. 

Brassica. Hispid a, B. eruoa — b. Italica, B. 
Florida — b. Marina, Convolvulus soldanella. 

Bras'sioA Napub, Napue SyheetrtM, Bunia», 
Bape, (F.) Navette, The seed yields a quantity 
of oil. 

Brassica Nigra, Sinapis nigra — b. Oblong% 
B. rapa — b. Oleraoea, Brassier— b. Pompeiana, B. 

Bras'sica Rapa, Bapa rotun'da sen eHon'gm^ 
Bapwn majue, Bapa uapue, Sina'pit tubero'eeig 
Turnip, (F.) Chou navet, Navet, Bare, The tur- 
nip is liaole to the same olijection (bat to a ]am 
extent) as the cabbage. 

Brassica Sabbllica, B. Florida. 

BRATHU, Junipems sabina. 

BRATHTS, Junipems sabina. 

BBA YEB, Truss. 


BRAZIL WOOD, CsBsalpinia eebinata. 

BREAD, see Tritieum. 

Bread. Glutbit. Bread made of wheat dougH 
deprived of the chief portion of its staroh by 
washing. Bread, made of gluten only, cannol 
be eaten, on account of its hardness and tough- 
ness ; hence one fifth of the normid quantity of 
starch is allowed to remain, aod in this fona th« 




bread is dnld to be tolerably light* eatable^ and 
moderately agreeable. 

Bread, Uousehold, Synoomietos. 

BREAD-FRUIT TREE, Artocarpus. 

BREAST, Thorax, Mamma— b. Abaceea of the, 
Mai>todynia apostcmatosa. 

BREAST-GLASS,.lfi7ik-9^iM. A glaaa applied 
to the nipple to receire the milk when secreted 
copiously by the mamma. 

Brrast, Ihkitablb, Neuralgia Mammn. 


BREAST-PUMP, AnUia Lactca. 

BREATH, Sax. bpave, Nal'itiu, AnhePihUf 
An'imiUf Spir'itutf At' mot, (F.) Haleine, The 
air expelled from the chest at each expiration. 
It requires to be studied in the diagnosis of tho- 
racic diseases especially. See Respiration. 

Breath, OrrRNs'iVE : Fator OH*t CatoHoma- 
to^phre'tidy HaVxtut orU /tx'tidutf Ozi. An offon- 
rive condition, which is usually dependent upon 
curious teeth, or some faulty state of the secre- 
tions of the air passages. The internal use of the 
chlorides may be adyantageous. " 

Breath, Saturxii^e, see Saturnine — ^b. Short, 

BREATHING AIR, see Respiration. 

Brbathino. Dtfpicultt of, Dyspnoea. 

BBECHET,{F.) The Bntket. This name is 
given in some parts of France to the cartilago 
t*u{formi^^ and sometimes to the stemom itselh 

I3RECHMA, Bregma. 

BRECHMU8, Bregma. 

BUEplSSUBE, (F.) Tritmuu CajnHra'tut. 
Incapacity of opening the month, in consequence 
of preternatural adhesion betwA«n the internal 
part of the cheek and gums ; often occasioned by 
the abuse of mercury. 

nPF:DOrrr..r.F!VEyT, (F.) Tituhnn'tia, A 
prucipitate and indistinct mode of utterance, in 
which a part only of the words ia pronounced, 
and several of the syllables viciously changed. 
This defect is analogous to stuttering, but differs 
from it in beiuq; dependent on too great rapidity 
of speech ; whilst stuttering is characterized by 
continual hesitation, and firequent repetition of 
the some syllables. 

BREED. Race. 

BREEDING, Generation, Pregnant. 

BRBEDixa, Cross. The act of raising or breed- 
ing from different stocks or families. 

Breedixo-in-and-117. The act of raising or 
breeding from the same stock or family. 

BREGMA, Brechmaf Breehmut^ from /?pc;^cir, 
'to sprinkle;' FontnneVla, Sin'ciput, The top 
of the head was thus culled, because it was be- 
lieved to be humid in infants ; and, according to 
fiome, beoauiie it was conceived to correspond to 
tiie most humid pnrt of the brMn. 

BREGMATODYMIA, see Cephalodymia. 

BREWING, Burning. 

BREPHOCTONON, Cony«a sqnarrosa. 

B R B P 11 T ROPUE'UM, Ectkelobrephotro- 
phe'umf from fi^vpoty *a new-born child,' and r^o- 
fdv^ * to nourish.' A foundling hospitaL 

BHESILLETy Cnsalpinia sappan. 

BRE'VIA VASA, Sliort Vt-^U, This name 
has been given to several branches of the splenic 
arteries and veins, which are distribated to the 
great cul-de-tac of the stomach. 

BREVIS CUBITI, see Anconeus, 

BRICK. (F.) Brique. Hot bricks are some- 
times used to apply heat to a part, as to the ab- 
domen in colic, or after the operation for popli- 
teal aneurism : or. reduced to very fine powder, 
•nd mixed with fat, as an application to herpetic 
and psorio affections. 
BuGKB, /'omaeea TtHa or Tilet were for- 

merly bmised in vinegar, and the Uqnid wai 
as a specifio in cataaeous affections. They en- 
tered, also, into a eerate used for sorofalona Im- 
mours, Ac To the Terra Forna'cum, or Brick 
tarthy the same virtues were assigned. 

BRICUMUM, Artemisia. 

BRIDE (F.), A bridle. Fr^'nulum, Beti- 
nae'ulum. This term ia given, in the plural, to 
membranous filaments, which are found witlifai 
abscesses or deep-seated wounds, and which pra- 
vent the exit of pus. The term is, also, appliad 
to preternatural adhesions, which oceur in cioa- 
trices of the skin, in the uretlira, or in inflanMd 
serous or synovial membranes. 

BRIER, WILD, Rosa canina. 

see Kidney, Bright's disease of the. 

fashionable watering place, on the south coast of 
England, is dry, elastic, and bracing. Aecordlag 
to Sir James Clark, its climate appears to the 
greatest advantage in the antumn and early part 
of the winter ; when it is somewhat milder and 
more steady than that of Hastings. Accordingly^ 
it is adapted for all cases in which a dry and 
mild lur at this season of the year provea beiia- 
ficiaL In the spring months, owing to the pre- 
valence of, and its exposure to, north-east windi^ 
the climate is cold, harsh, and exciting to th« 
delicate. It is well adapted for convaleaocntiy 
and for all who require a dry and bracing wtm 

BRIMSTONE, Sulphnr. 

BRINE, Muria. 

BRINTON ROOT, Leptandria pnrpnraa. 

BRION, Corallina. 

BBIQUE, Brick, ' 

This town is three leagues from Cherbourg, fm. 
France. The water contains chloride of iron. 

strumcut invented by Jacobson for cruahing tha 
stone in the bladder. 

BRISTOL HOT WELL, Brittoh'en'M Ap^, 
Bristol is about thirteen miles from Bath, in. 
England. The water is an almost pure Uiermal: 
slightly acidulated. It contains chlorides m 
magnesium and sodium, sulphate of soda, avl- 
phate of lime, carbonate of lime, carbonic aeid^ 
oxygen and azote. Temperature, 74® Fah. The 
Hot Well has been long oelebratcd. Ita action 
is like that of thermal waters in general. The 
climate of Bristol is mild, and hence the water 
has been celebrated for the cure of incipient pul- 
monary consumption. See Clifton. 


BROAD', Sax. bpa8, Lotus, (F.) Large, Aay 
body is so termed whose transverse extent te 
considerable compared with its length. The 
Broad Bonvt, such as the frontal, parietal, occi- 
pital, iliac, aid in forming the parietea of splanch- 
nic cavities. Broad Muscltt generally oeenpy 
the parietes of cavities, and especially those of 
the chest and abdomen. The epithet has alao 
been applied to other parts — as to the broad li/o- 
mrutu of the womb, Ac 

BROCCOLI. Brassica sabeUiea. 

BROCHOS, /?poyo(, Laqueut, A bandafpe. 

BROCH'THUS. /Jpo^V. Gula, The throat 
Alfio, a kind of 5mull drinking vessel. — Hipp. 

BROrUUS, iipox9t. This name baa been given 
to one who has a vi-ry prominent upper lip. Ac- 
cording to otherfi, it means one whose teeth pre- 
ject in front of the mouth. 

BRO'DIUM. A synonym of Jm or Jtta^cmftntm 
Broth, or the liquor in which any thing is boiledL 
Brr/dium talin — a decoction of ^t 

BROIEMENT, see Cataract, LaoeraUoa. 


BROKCX DOSES, Ke Doisi, broken. 


BEOMA, Aliaeat, Bromiao. 

^"*" 'iTOG'RAPHT, Anwubyra^'io, Bra. 
BrBmograpk'ia, ftiim fffm/ia, ' food,' 
k dataiiiCiDU.' A iteioiiptiaD of ikli- 

BBOHATOL'OST, JBromalBlos''ia, Siliefaffg, 
Irta ifr^, ■ fogd," Mid XryM, ' n discooriia.' A 

BRaMB, Bmnloe. 

BBOMEORASS, Bromiu dllfttaa — b. Soft, 

BROMB-LIA ANAKAS, eiOted tfUir Olaui 
BnuBcl, ■ 9«c<te. Cur'ifuH Orattila'nMi. ^»u'- 

^M'ww or /■.« ApfL A Weil iDdia Wee, 
wbicih prodnfw Ihi mort dcliiiotu u( fruiu. 

BaOHk'ui PnODU, A■a')l(wAlKr»a'■u,/'i^- 
■«^ Br9ad-Uav«I v,Ud Smi'mu, Ac. The Wixt 
Indim pUnI, whieb tlTanb tbs Pingmn fruit. Tbc 
frsu ii rafrixennt, ud tt>D Juice, wbcn Hpe, T«r; 
•uura. It u used Co ■cidulnM puucb. A nine 
ii tude from Ibe Pingaia, wbivb ii ver; inloii- 
ttting, and hu ■ good Siiuur. 

BBOHIC, /7roW«H .- .iniB etymon u Bro- 

BROUtDB OF IBON, acs BromioB — b. of 
St»ut7, an BiQBiiBe — b. of PoUunima, eea 

BROMIDRO'SIS, froni Sf-ft, '>lcncb,'»nd 

BROMINB, Bro'miitam, SromMiiini, Broma, 
B'vmim'tmm, Bra'miim, Bn/miiia, Bramum, ita'- 
rima. M<.nd4, Bremr. A simple bodr, of t. YfTj 
ToUiOe nUuro, mi bigbl; ofFeti>[va uid luflo- 
aliag odtHT. •rbsnoe iu nnnie, teom fiptpts, 'a 
Mweb.' It » met wilb cbicar in KkB-wUer. and 

tkweja. Il bai libewiae been found in manj 
BDnml vaten of IbU and otber eoaoUlei. Id 
it* (3innieal relulani, it maj be placed betveen 
chtarlna and l«dine. With oxjgea it formn aa 
tmi, — tbe Bromie, and with bjdrogen aaolbiir — 

Pcu Baovm, Brohide or lanii, (doae, gr. i 
•r^,] acd BnoKiDE or PoTAisitK, baro been 
■sad mediciaally, and cbieS; in gnroMoaiSi — 
IB veil aa applied •ntemallj. Bro- 
c ma; be diuolved in forty parta of diidllsd 
water, and «i dropa 1m oomapnoed nitb aa a 
dcML Bmoia»K%aylSw,KCVBT(HMdrar'-/yriBra'- 
■Mo) bare been giren in ayphlliB. Tbo proln- 
IrotmiU and the bCbrnmtih tie annlujtOQn In 
compntlon and raeilicinal prppcrtloJ} to tbe uor- 
rtapoadine indides of meicurr. 

BBOMfPH, Bromine. 

BROMnQBAPHT, Biomatoicnphy. 

BROHOS, PfKtfi,. One of [lie eereallil, mp- 
p«Hd, by aome, to bo oala. Bm Arena, 

BBOliosca, Fetid. 

BROHUBf, BromiDe. 

BROMDS CILIA'TUS, B. purgasw, Brome 
mvj IsdigenoDs: Order, Oramineic; 1b Bi^d to 
be enede, and anlhelmintie ( 7 ), catbaitio and 
dhnctU. It porgea cattle. 

Bbohiti LAI KB, TrilJDDin repena. 

BMOm UOT.LIS, Soft Bromt Oratw. The leede 
■IB ndd to cause giddineai in man; and lo be 
ftrial 10 poultry. 

BanMTe Vintaxjit, B. cilia Ins. 

B*oi(t^ Tesdlektcs, Loliam lemulentDin. 

SBOl/CBES, Bronohia — *, tJangli>jM ly*. 



Broneiui, for tbe trbolo of the 
they culled Ita ramiSualiuna Bmn- 
Bronchia, and BranM, [F.) Bnn 

from the bifurcation of tba traobea, and ci 
Into tbe InngI, — Ctm'nula patma'aiim. 

Bro.vcbia, Dilatatioh or the, Dilaitd uroa- 
cAio. Tbe phyiical ligna of tbla condition an 
tbo following ;— P.rcu.tim. unially clear, but not 
nnfrennenUy less eo Iban natural, although very 
aeldom quite dull. JnieK/iulion detrola c«an« 
mucotu nr gargling rboncbl, incroaaod by tbe 
eough, combined with, or replaced hy, bronchial 
or cBTemoua respiration, which ia ofisn aSeolod 
aa if by a ludden puS or nbiff. The resonance 


Fpiratoty ntunnnr on auecnllaiiDD 

wholly anpprened over a limited 

of Ifao cheat; Ibe expiration ie geccnUIy 

mora distinct 

ditiuna are natural. 

prolonged; all tbo other ct 


10 the bronahia. 

BltOIICBIAl.AHTKRlIli,(F.;jlrlJr»nrai<rt i';tm 
These are geoerally two in number, one golnf lo 

Bronchial Cell 


(F.) ClMa irn»c*fi,i..t. 
nnlnatlona of the bronchia. 

n«, eim'dula Vrmlia'iia, 
Otand, </ Fera-IiM, (F.) OUnidei troK^hlofH oB 
Qn-,gli<i„. lifmphatiqiM da ftroncAti, are numer- 
one glanda of an nrold ahape; of a reddish bos 
in the infiint, and .obBcqucntly brown and hUofc, 
eeated in tbe conne of the bronchia, Tbcir fane- 
tions are unknown. The bronchial glanda tnay 
bo presumed to bo aBected by aerofiiloBi*, when, 
In addition (o tha existence of lamoure in tbe 
neck, pcrouaaion givae a dull eound under the 
nppar and central part of tbe iternnm, whllal 
there is no appreciable lenlon of the [ungB. 

BuoNcaiAi. Nerteh, (F.) Ntrft bronrhlipul, 
are fnmiebed by the two pulmonary plciusee. 

Bronchial Phthibis, see Phthlpls bronchial— 
b. Reapiration, see Murmur, reipimlory. 

Broschmi. Viti^tB ariao from the lart dlviaiona 
of tbo arteriej of the aame name, and pBBB, on 
tlie right aide, into tbo TOna aiygoa ; on tha lefi. 
Into the Buperior iolercoslol. 

BR ON CHIC, Bronchia). 

ftotn PfTf^n, 'a bronchni,' and unioif, 'dilslA. 
tion.' DibUaliou of one or mare bronchial tubes. 

BRONCUIITIS, Bronchitis. 

BROH'CHIOLB, BroiKh<ol«m, Bnockiotta; 
diminutiTeofBniKiliiffaorBroiicAui. A minuta 
brondiial lube. 

BRONCHIOSTBNO'818, from efayx't, 
vnt, 'contraction.' Coat 
of the bronoh 


BRONCHt'TIS, BroHchii'li; hkamma'tio 
>n,nrMo-nm, Calar'rh«f i'l.fmo'num, C. bron- 
■Mo'run, Pinin'lTi hn'mida, F. ironeiiH'lis, 







iHroDcbiAl tabes. ThU is always more or less 
present in cases of pulmonary catarrh ; and is 
accompanied by oough^ mucous expectoration, 
dyspncea, and more or less uneasioess in breatlr- 
ing. The aeute form is accompanied with all the 
signs of internal inflammation, and requires the 
employment of antiphlogistics followed by revul- 
sires. The chronic form, Tu»»i» teni'lU, Caiar'- 
rhiu tenVlUf Bheuma eatarrha'li, Peripneumo'' 
nia nothOf Bronchorrhae'a cmn'ta. Winter C€ntgh, 
Chronic Catarrkf may be confounded with phthi- 
sis ; from which it must be distinguished mainly 
by the absence of hectic fever and of the phyaicfU. 
signs that are characteristic of the latter, as well 
as by the nature of the expectoration, which is 
generally mucous, although at times mnco-puru- 
lent. When the expectoration is little or none, 
the bronchitis is said to be (fry, drjf catarrh, (F.) 
Catarrhe See, 

When bronchitis affects the smaller tubes, it is 
termed eartiVlary hronehi*ti9, bronchi^tit capilla'- 
ri «, hronehoc'ace in/aiUiUit ( ? ), and is often fatal 
to children. Venc'ul<ur hronehitit is the term pro- 
posed by MM. Rilliet and Barthes for the ve«i- 
etUar pneumonia of children. 

Bronchitis, Catarrh — b. Asthenica, Peripnen- 
monia notha — b. Capillary, see Bronchitis — b. 
Oonynlsiva, Pertussis — ^b. Membranacea, Polypus 
bronchialis — ^b. Plastic, Polypus bronchialis— 
b. Pseudomembranous, Polypus bronchialis — b. 
Summer, Feveri hay — b. Vesicular, see Bron- 

BRONCHIUS, Stemo-thyroideus. 

BRONCHLEMMITIS, Polypos bronchialis. 

BRONCUOCACE, Peripneumonia notha— b. 
Bifan tills, see Bronchitis. 


BRONCHOCE'LB, from fipoyxos, 'a bronchos,' 
and KnXiti * tumour.' An inaccurate nune for the 
affection which is called, also, Bo'ehium, BoHum, 
Hernia gut'turii, Outtur tu'midum Bvaglobo'tum, 
Trachelophy'maf Hernia gnttura'lit, Thyroe^lHf 
Tkyreoee'li, Tracheoee'U, Thvrempkrax'ie, Thy- 
reophraix^iOf Thyrean'cu»i Thyron'euM, Deiron'' 
eu9, Deron'cut, T^ropkrax'icif Ooeaum, Oo'tiwm, 
JSxeehebron'chu», Oongro'na, Struma, Olana, Bo*' 
CAiim, Her^wia bronchia'litf Traeheloce'U, Tuber 
ffutturo'eum, Outte'ria, Ac, the Derby tkire neck. 
Swelled neck, Wen, OoUre, Ac., (F.) OoUre, Oou- 
hre, Hypertrophie du Corpe Thyroide, Qroeee 
Gorge, Oroe Con, This is no rupture, but oon- 
Bists of an enlargement of the tiiyroid gland. It 
is common at tiie base of lofty mountains in 
erery part of the world ; and has been supposed 
to be owing to the drinking of snow-water, but 
it occurs where there Is no snow. The tumour 
is sometimes very extensive. Iodine has great 
power over it» and will generally oooasion its 
absorption, when the case hu not been of sach 
duration as to have ended in a cartilaginonfl oon- 




BRONCHOPLAS'TIC, Bnmek^^la^tieue, from 
fipoyx^t* ' ^ bronchus,' and irXavvw, ' I form.' An 
epithet given to the operation for closing flstols 
in the trachea. 

BRONCHOPNBUMO'NIA, fh>m Ppeyxot, 'a' 
bronchus,' and i^newnoata. Inflammation of the 
bronchia and lungs. 

BRONCHORRH(E'A, (F.) BrvnehorrUe, Ca- 
tarrhe pituiteux, PhUgmorrhagie pulmonaire, 
Flux bronckique, from pfeyX^t ' bronchus,' and 
MM, ' I flow.' An inereased secretion of mncos 
from the air passages, accompanied or not by in- 
flammation :— a gleety as it were, of the pulmo- 
ftaiy maoooi membrane. 

BRO!rcRonitH<XA Acuta, Bronchitis (chronic.) 

BR0NCH0STASI8, Bronchitis. 

BRONCHOTOME, Bronchot'omm, from fi^- 
Xoi, and Tc^tttv, * to cut.' A kind of lancet, with 
a blunt and rounded point, mounted on a handle, 
and fitted to a cannla, which passes in along wiUi 
it, and is allowed to remain in the opening mada 
in the trachea. 

BRONCHOT'OMT, Bronchotom*ia,{T.) Bran~ 
ehotomie, Same etymology. A surgical opens* 
tion, which consists in msJcing an opening either 
into the trachea, ( Traeheot'omy :) into the larynx, 
{LaryngoVomy :) or into both, ( Traeheo-larynffotf* 
omy,) to extract foreign bodies or to permit the 
passage of air to the lungs. These different parts 
are divided transversely or vertically, according 
to circumstances. 

BRONCHUS, see Bronchia. Trachea. 

BROOKLIME, Veronica beccabunga. 

BROOM, Bophora tinotoria, Spartium seopa- 
rium — b. Butcher's, Rnscus — b. Clover, 8opfaora 
tinctoria — b. Indigo, Sophora tinctoria — h. Kape» 
of Virginia, OrobMiche Virginiana — b. Spanish, 
Spartium Junceum — b. Yellow, Sophora tinctorisu 

OF. Brossardidre is a chateau in Bas-Poiton, 
France. The waters contain carbonates of iron 
and lime, chloride of sodium, and sulphate of 
lime. They are aperient 

BR08SE, Brush. 

BROTH, CHICKEN, see Chicken Broth. 

Broth, Vbobtablb. Take two pottUoee, a eetf^ 
rot, tad an onion, all cut fine ; boil in a quart of 
water for an hour, adding more water from tame 
to time, so as to keep the original quantity ; fla. 
vour with ealt, and a small quantity of potAerbej 
strain. A little mushroom catchup improves tba 


BROUS'SAIST. One who is a believer in, and 
professor of, the physiological and pathological 
opinions of Broussais. The system itself was 
called BroussaIsk, or the Phyeiological J}oo^ 

BROW, Front— b. Ague, Neuralgia frontalia. 

BROWN RED, Colcothar. 

BROWN'IAN^ Broiono'man, Bruno^nian. Re- 
lating to the system or opinions of John Brown. 

BROWNISM, Bru'noniem, Bruno'nianiem, 
The doctrines of Brown. 

BROWNIST, ^roimo'ntan, ^nmo'ntan. A 
follower of the system of Brown. 

after Bruce, the Abyssinian traveller. B, /emi- 
gin'ea, Anguetu'ra epu'ria, (F.) Fatuee Augnem 
ture, A. Ferrugineuee. The systematic name of 
the plant whence was obtained — it was supposed 
— /alee Anguetura or &Ise Cueparia Bark* It 
is really the bark of Stiychnos nnx vomica. 

BRUCIA, Brucine. 

BRUCINE, Bru'cia, Bruei'na, Bruei'nutn, 
Bru'eium, Peeudangueturi'num, Cauirami'mtm, 
Vom'ieine, An organic, salifiable base, disco- 
vered in the false angustnra — Brueea anti-dy^ 
eeiUer'iea, and obtained from Stryehnoe nvx vom'- 
tea. It is of a pearly white; crysl^lizea in obliqua 
prisms with a parallelogrammatic base ; is very 
bitter, slightly acrid and styptic, and soluble in 
water, but more so in alcohol. Bmcia is a leaf 
active poison than strychnia. It resembles it, 
however, and may be used as a substitute for it 
and for the extract of nux vomica. Dose, half a 

These springs are in Bavaria, and eontain oar- 
bonic acid and iron. 

Bmoourt U three leagues and a half from Gaea^ 




ia Normaadj. The waters contain earbanto actd, 
ehlorido of sodinm, and sulpbate of soda, much 
sulphate of Ume, kc 

BRUISE, Contunon. 

BRinSE ROOT, Stylophorum diphyllum. 

BRUISEWORT, Bellu saponaria. 

BRUISSEMENT,(B.) Frtm'ituM. Thwword 
liaa mach the same signLftcation as BourdouHC' 
MCNf, as well OB Bruit. 

BRUIT, (P.) 'Sound.* A French term, ap- 
plied to Tarioufl BonndB heard on percuBsion and 
ttoscoltation, rb. 

menl, Bruit de cuir neu/p * sound of crackling, or 
borsting, or of new leather.' A sound produced 
hj the friction of the pericardium, when dried 
And roughened by inflammation. 

BRUIT DU CCEUR F(ETAL, Battemen» dou- 
hf€*; Double bruit dn Cceur du Foetus, The pul- 
tations of the foptal heart heard in auscultation 
in the latter half of ntero-gestation. 

BRUIT BE CUIR NEUF, Bruit de eraque- 

BRUIT DE DIABLE, Ronfement du Diabh, 
Bruit de toufflt d double eourawt, * noise of the 
diAble or humming-top.' Venout hum, A high 
degree of Bruit de eouJUetf heard on auscultating 
the arteries or yeins — probably the latter— of the 
neck in chlorosis. It denotes an impoTerished 
•late of the blood. 

Bruit dn Casur/aeial — b. de Fr6Ument, see FrSle- 

JfJkIRE, see Froiseement pulmonaire. 

jDIQUE, see FrSlement perieardique, 

ET DESCENDANT, 'Sound of friction of ascent 
ftnd descent.' Sounds produced by the rubbing of 
the lung against the parietes of the chest, as it 
risee and &lls during inspiration and expiration. 
They are disUnotly heard in pleuritis, when the 
pleura has beoome roughened by the diaease. 
J^riction eounde. Rubbing eoundtf To-a»d-/ro 
9oumde are aUo heard in pericarditis and perito- 
nitis. « 

BBUIT ffUMORIQUE, B, Hydropneuma- 
tique. The sound aiforded on percussion when 
oz^gaas are filled with liquid and air. 


BRUIT DE MOUCHE{J.\ 'fly sound.' A 
•ound analogous to the Bruit </« diable — so called 
from its likeness to the bnzcing of a fly : — heard 
on auscultating the neck in chlorotio cases. 

BRUIT MUSGULAIRE. The sound accom- 
panying the first sound of the heart, referred by 
vome to muscular contraction. Called, also, 
Bruit rotatoire, in consequence of its having 
been thought to resemble the rumbling of distant 

BRUIT MUSICAL, SijffUfMut moduli, 

tone.' A sound as if produced by two sheets of 
parehment applied to each other. It is said to be 
produced by thickening and rigidity of the valves 
of the heart. 

BRUIT PLAOENTAIRE, B, de eouffiet pla. 
ctntairCf B, utdrin, Soujffle utfrin. Souffle placen- 
taire. Placental bellouie* eourid, Utero-plaeen'tal 
murmur, U*teriwe murmur. The bellows'. sound 
beard on aaaenltating over the site of Uie pla- 
e«Dta in a pregnant female. It doea not appear 
to be owing to the placental vessels : but to the 
Bterine tnmonr presaing upon the large vessels 
of the mother. 

BBrntDEPOTFEhS; 'Soondof acraeked 

vessel.' This sound is heard on peroiisBion, when 
a cavern in the lungs is fiUed with air, and has % 
narrow outlet. 

BRUIT DE RACLEMENT, 'Sound of sera- 
ping.' A sound produced by the scraping of hard, 
solid membranes, afl the pericardium, against each 

BRUIT DE RAPE, 'Sound of a rasp.' A 
sound heard during the contraction of either the 
auricles or ventricles. It is constant; and the 
contraction of the cavity is more prolonged than 
natural, and emits a hard, rough, and — as it 
were— stifled sound. 

It indicates contraction of the valvular orifices 
by cartilaginous deposits, or ossification, and is 
better heard near the apex of the heart, if the 
anriculo- ventricular valves be concerned, — near 
the base if the semilunar valves be the seat of the 

BRUIT ROTATOIRE, Bruit muteulaire, 

BRUIT DE SCIE, or 'saw-sound,' and Britit 
DE LIMB X B0I8, or 'filo-souud,' rcsemblo the Bruit 
de Rdpe, 

RANT, Bruit de Diable, 

BRUIT DE SOUFFLET, Bruit de SouJ^le, 
' bellows' sound,' ' blowing sound.' A sound like 
that of a bellows, heard occasionally by the ear 
applied to the chest during the contraction of the 
ventricles, auricles, or large arteries. It coexists 
with affections of the heart, but is heard, also^ 
without any disease in that organ, ~- whenever, 
indeed, an artery is compressed. An Eneephalie 
bellotce* eound, has been described by Drs. Fisher 
and Whitney. It is heard on applying the ear 
to the occiput or to the top of the head ; and is 
considered to indicate turgescence of vessels, or 
inflammation. When such turgescence exists, 
the vessels are eompressed, and the compression 
gives rise to the sound in question. 

Bruit pla^entaire — 6. de Tiraillement, Bruit de 

BRUIT DE TAFFETAS, 'Sound of Taf- 
feta.' ' Sarcenet emtnd,* A respiratory sound, so 
named, by M. Qrisolle, from its resembling the 
sound caused by the tearing of a piece of tafieta; 
and which he considers to indicate hepatization 
of the lung, limited to the surface, in pneumonia. 

BRUIT TYMPANIQUE, 'Tympanic sound.' 
The clear sound afl'orded by percussing the sto- 
mach and intestines when containing air. 

BRUIT UTiRIN, B. plaeentaire. 


BRUNELLE, Prunella. 

BRUNNER'S QhAJUVS, Bmnneri Olan'dula, 
Olnndula eolita'ries, Solitary glands, Solitary 
follicles, Second pan'creas. Compound muci- 
parous foUioles, seated between the mucous and 
muscular coats of the stomach, along the two 
curvatures of that organ, and in the duodenum ; 
so called from their discovery having been gene- 
rally attributed to Brunner. The solitary intes- 
tinal follicles are often known, at the present 
day, as the glands of Brunner, although Brunner 
restricted the latter term to the glands of the 
duodenum. ^ 

BRUNONIAN, Brownian. 


BRUNUS, Erysipelas. 

BRUSCUS, Ruscus. 

BRUSH, Scop'ula, (F.) Brosse. A well know^ 
instrument, used in medicine chiefly for the fol- 
lowing purposes. 1. To clean the teeth. 2. To 
remove the saw-dust which adheres to the teeth 
of the trephine, during the operation of trephir- 
ing. 8. To rub the surface of the body, for tho 
purpose of exciting the skin, and Ihvouring trans- 


pirftUon. Westrinffy « Swedish phyaicUn, has Venereal BuhOf (F.) Buhon vSniritn, wbidi It 09- 

reoommended metuUo bnubcs for the purpose casioned hj the Tenereal rims. 3. PewHUmtM 

of conveying galvanism to a part These brushes Bubof or B. tjfmptomatie of the Plagne. Th« lait 

consist of a plate of ebony fitted to another of two have by some been called wudignami Mmb^, 

gold, in which threads of the same metal are (F.) Bubon mat in, 

fixed; — the brush being connected with one of Primarjf Bubo, (F.) Bubon prituit^f, showf li- 
the pules of the galvanic pile. self with the first symptoms of syphilis : the eo»* 
Brush, Stomach, Excutia ventrioull. tcutite not tUl afterwards. 
BRUTA, Juuiperus sahina. BUBON, Bubo, Inguen — ^b. GummifenuBf fM 
BUU'TIA. A sort of thick pitch, obtained Ammoniac gum. 
from Brutia, in Italy. From PU Brutia was BUBON ITEMBLEE, (F.) An enUrgmneil 
obtained the O'leum Pioi'nuin, and suppuration of one or more of the iDgniul 
Brutia, Instinct glands, not preceded by any other of the mora 
BRUT IN 0, Terebinth ina. common forms of venereal disease, nor by §af 
BRUXANEIiI. A Malabar tree, the bark and other syphilitic symptom. 
leaves of which have a strong smell, and are Bubon Gal'sanum. The systematic uiM 
astringent On the coast of Malabar, its juice, of a plant which has been supposed to afford 
mixed with butter, is applied to boils. Its bark is galbanum ; Meto'pion, Mato'rium, The plant it 
esteemed to be diuretic, and its roots anti-arthritic also called Fer'ula Africa' na^ OreoeeWnum Afri» 
BRUYMhE VULGAIHE, Erica vulgaris. ea'num, Ani'eum frutieo'eum aalbaniferutn. Am- 
BRUYERKS, MINERAL WATERS OF. 'f^n Afnea'num frutee'ee^, Seli'num Galbamm, 

Bruyftres U a small village, 7i leagues from ^^"'^'^ JV/?"'^"***?; ^*f ?r*^/^i?';f ^ *»' '*''^ 

Luneville. The waters are acidulous and chaly- le<ived Galbanum. A auOriLlJuihelhfm. A* 

1^1^^ plant can scarcely, however, be considered to bt 

BRYCETOS. see Algidns. determined. Galbanum is the gummi-resinou 

BRYCHETHMOS, Rugitus. J"*®®' ^** ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ *"<* ****• ^**^' •■* 

BRYCHET08, see Algidus. *®"^ • ^^ agglutinated tears are of a white oc 

BRYGMA, Brygmne, Trieie, PrxeU, PrUmne, lour, on a ground of reddish-brown. It forma an 

Odontovri'eie, Stridor Ben'tium, (F.) Grincement f pulsion, when triturated with water, and is sdn- 

dee JJenta. 


ment but ,..-^— ^.^ - .. _._ _w.^ — —^ 

to 8u»pect any. gr. 10 to 60. BxtoraaU;, it u applied 

BRYO'NIA AFRICA'NA. A Sooth Africui "'""bon galbanum i, a South African pUnt; »a 

remedy, common amongst the Hottentots, which, . ^ .? . . " «^ * ii^J.* ji *• *^ j*» TT* 

in the form of decoctiol, acts simultaneously ai ^^ "r^lrvw^/ "If diureUe, under tht 

an emetic, cathartic, and diuretic. It is used by ?J^' «^ I'^r^nf^^ni^ fl'^'f^^^^^ 

the nativis in cnti^eous diseases, dropsy, and S.SI ° K^ .Ifi^?. °i^ l^ i.^*^S*'"!L? 

syphilis. The tincture is a powerfiil emeti^ and FyTP^^t™ %-S?"" -^ ^^''' ^^''^ ^""n^^* TZ 

cathartic-Thunbcrg. ^^l «^'"' ^ ff«" m appoaiance, smeU, and la 

'^ every respect, from Gummi Galbanum. 

«* A t x,' /w \ /T f ,1'.' TT grateful. The seeds are an ingredient in tht 

Monadelphia. (F.) CouUuvrSe, 1 tgne rierge, Y. colebroted compounds, Mithridate and Theriae. 

tranche. The root is large and succulent, and Bl'BONA Nipple 

has aji acrid, bitter, and disagreeable taste. It BUBONALGIA, from ^o^», 'the groin.' and 

is a drastic cathartic. Externally, it has b«en ^ ^j. .p^n.. p^in in the groin. 

applied, m form of cataplasm, in gout When BUBONCUS Bubo 

repeatedly washed, a good starch is obteined BUBO'NIUM, ^•fr^-^i'l.Vw, fl^,W«i .SVonsorf. 

from It The active pnnciple has been separated a plant anciently suppo..ed to be efficacious in 

frnrni It, and called Bnf'omne, diseases of the groin, frum /J.»^«r. ' the groin.' 

BRVOJfiA MECHOACAirxA NIGRICANS, Convol- BUBONOCE'LE,from^;vA 'thegiSn/and 

^npi*A"J*TVp-^^T*"*'^';u''''^'^*'"^*^P'- «'^''' 'tumour,' 'rupture.' lier'nia inguiiaHie, 

SSy?m 'liUn^f ^^.n^! angulatus. ,,,, ,/,^ Gr<.„, Some surgeons have couBnS 

S« VTnv r ?^.^*P"- this term to hernia when limited to the groin, 

BRYTON, Ccreyisia. and have called the same affecUon, when it hai 

BU, ^ot,, abbreviation of fievt, 'an ox; in com- doBcendod to the scrotum, Oeckeoceli, or Seratml 

position expresses, 'excess, greatness.' Hence //,.r„ui. The rupture passes through the abdo- 

« T'/"^'"' **^ "*°»» "««• "»d, in consequence of the greater 

BUBASTECORDIUM, Artembla vulgaris. size of the opening in the male, it is mora fia- 

BUBE, Pustule. quent in the male sex. 

BUBO, Pov0uv, Pano'chia, Panue inguina'Ite, BUBONONCUS, Bubo. 
Adetupph^'ma inguina'lie, Bubonopa'une, Bubo- BUBONOPANUS, Bubo. 
non'cM, Bubon'cue, Oambu'ca, Angue, Boubon, BUBONOREX'Itf, from fi»v?mw, 'the groin,' 

Qtdore'lf, Codoncel'la, (F.) Bubon, Poulain, In and aij^if, *a rupture.' A name given to bubo- 

the works of Hippocrates and Galen, this word nocele when accoiupaniod with a divi«ion of tha 

sometimes signifies the groin — Inguen; at others, peritoneum, or when, in other words, it is devoid 

the inguinal glands ; and at others, again, swell- of a ^ac. 

Ing or inflammation of these parts. The modems BUBON'ULrS, -'^ufruii'oti^. A diminvtiva 

apply the tenn to an inflammatory tumour seated of Bubo. A painful swelling of the lymphatiea 

in the groin or axilla, and they generally distin- of the penis, extending along the dorsum of that 

guish, 1. Simple or Sjfmpathetie Bubo, which is organ to the gruin. It is an occasional aoaom* 

Independent of anj virus in the economy. 2. paniment of gonorrhooa. 




BUBI7KLB. A word uied by ShakBpeare for 

• red pimple on the nose. 
BUBUNClTLnS, Babonolns. 
BUCAROS, Terra Portugallica. 

BUCCA, Onatkot. The mouth. The oheek 
■ad hoUow or the oheek. Also, the vulva. 

BUCCAC'RATON, from -ffwcco, and k^o^, *1 
mix.' A morsel of bread sopped In winei which 
aorred of old for a breakfast — Linden. 

BUCCAL, BvMea'Uty from Bncea, ' the month/ 
or rather ' the cheek.' That whioh concerns the 
month, and especially the oheek. 

Buccal Abtbky, A. Siu-maxiUaxre^ (Ch.) 
•rises from the internal maxillary or from some 
of its branches, as the Ttmporalx* profunda an- 
tica, or the Alv€<^ar. It distributes its branches 
to the bacdnator musole, and to the buccal mem- 

BrociL Glaitdb, Ifolar Olandt. Mucons foU 
liides, seated in the baoeal membrane, opposite 
the molar teeth. They secrete a viscid humour, 
which mixes with the saliva, and lubricates the 

BvccAL HKVBRAmE, (F.) Membrane BueeiUe. 
The mucons membranei which lines the interior 
of the mouth. 

Buccal Nkrvb, or Sueeina^tar Nerw, Buceo- 
labial — (Ch.,) u given off by the inferior maxil- 
lary. It sends its branches to the cheek, and 
oapecially to the buccinator muscle. 

Buccal Vsm follows the artery. 

BUC'CBA, Buoeel^la. The fleshy excreseence 
of naaal polypus, so called because it was believed 
to proceed from the mouth. — Paracelsus. Also, 

* mouth fuL 

BUCCELA'TON, Bueeela'hu, A loaf-shaped 
oothartic medidne ; made chiefly of scammony. 
— ^Aiftius, Paultts of JEgina. 

BUCCELLA'TIO. A mode of arresting hemor- 
rhage, by applying a pledget of lint to the bleed* 
ing vessel. — Avioenna, Fsllophu. 

BUCCXNA, Turbinated bones. 

BUCCINA'TOR, from buceinare, 'to Bound 
tbe trumpet.' The ^tieetiM'for MuaeUf Retracf- 
$ar Au'ffiUi Oris, Bueco-Alviolo-maxiUairef AM- 
t>lo-lahial — (Cb.,) Mofuo'ritu, is situate in the 
•ubstanee of the cheeks. It extends between the 
posterior portions of the alveolar arches of the 
two Jaws and the commissure of the lips, which 
It draws backward. It assists in mastication, by 

gushing the food ba<^ towards the teeth ; an^ 
' the cheeks be distended by air, its contrae- 
tion forces it out 

BUCCO. One who is blub-oheeked, or wide* 


BUCCO-LABIAL NERVE, Buccal nerve. 

BUCCO-PHARYNQB'AL, Bucco^Pharyng^- 
m», (F.) Bwoco-Pkarfngien, BeloUiging to the 
mouth and pharynx. The Bneeo-pharyng^al 
Ap<meur</m» or Intermax^iUary Lig^atnent, ex- 
tends from the internal ala of the pterygoid pro- 
eoM to the posterior part of the lower alveolar 
arch, and affords attachment, Ulteriorly, to the 
baodnator, and, posteriorly, to the constrictor 
phttmifps superior. 

BuC'CULA, from J^vceo, 'the mouth.' A 
•mall month. The fleshy psoi beneath the chin. 

BUCERAB, Trigonella fcenum — b. Fcenum 
Ormcum, Trigonella fcenum Grsdcum. 

BCCUU, Diosma orenata— b. Leaves, Diosma 

BUCKBEAN, Henyanthes trifoliatflt--b. Ama- 
lloan, Menyanthes ve^a. 

BCTCKBERRT, Vaecinium stamineum. 

BUCKEYE, Asculns hippocastanum. 

BUCKHO, Diosma crenata. 


BUCKWHEAT, Polygonum fagopyrum — K 
Plant, eastern, Polygonum divarieatum. 

BUCNEMIA, see Elephantiasis — b. Tropic^ 
see Elephantiasis. 

BUCTON, Hymen. 

BUFF, INFLAMMATORY, Corinm phlogis- 

BUFFY COAT, Corium phlogisticum. 

BUG, (BED,) Cimex. 

BUGANTIA, Chilblain. 

BUG'QERY, Sod*omy, Sodom'ia, Co*itut So- 
domit'ietUf (I.) Bttgarone, Said to have been 
introduced by the Bulgarians. A carnal copula* 
tion against nature, as of a man or woman with 
any animal ; or of a man with a man, or a man 
unnaturally with a woman. The unnatural 

BUGLE, PmncUa — b. Common, Ajuga rep- 
tans-— 6. PgramidaUf Ajuga — 6. Ramjpanttf A^xl- 
ga reptans — b. Water, Lyoopus Virginicus— b. 
Weed, Lycopus. 

BUG LOSE, Anohnsa officinalis. 

BUGLOSS, DYER'S, Anchusa tinetoria^b. 
Garden, Anchusa officinalis — b. Upright, Ajugiw 

BUGLOSSA, Anchusa officiniJis. 

Anchusa officinalis — b. Latifolium, Borago offici- 
nalis — b. Sativum, Anchusa officinalis — b. Syl- 
vestris, Anchusa officinalis — b. Tinctorum, Ao- 
chusa tinctoria — b. Verum, Boracio acid — b« 
Vulgare m^jus, Anchusa officinalis. 

BVORANDE iPINEUSE, Ononis spinosa. 

BUORANE, Ononis spinosa — 6. (2es Champa^ 
Ononis arvensis. 

BU6ULA, Ajuga— -b. ChamsBpitys, Tencrium 
chamsBpitys — b. Pyramidalis, Ajuga — b. Rep- 
tans, Ajuga reptans. 

BUISj Buxus. 

sard is two leagues ftom Chateau-Thierry, in 
France. The water contains chloride of calcium 
and carbonate of lime. 

BULB, Bnlbu*, (F.) Bulhe, A name, given 
by anatomists to different parts which resemble, 
in shape, certain bulbous roots. The ^ti/6 of the 
Aorta is the great sinus of the Aorta. Bulb of a 
Tooth; the vascular and nervous papilla con- 
tained in the cavity of a tooth. The Bulb or 
Root of ike Hair is the part whence the hair 
originates. The Bulb r^ the Urethra is the 
dilated portion formed by the commencement 
of the Corpue epongioeum towards the root of 
the penis. We say, also, Buib, for Globe, of 
the eye. 

Bulb of the Erv, Bee Eye— b. of the Female^ 
Bulbus vestibuli — b. Rachidian, see MeduUa 

BULBE, Bulb— i. du Vagin, Bulbus vestibuli 
— b. de la VoiUe d troie PUiere, Mamillary ta- 

BULBI FORNICIS, MamUlary tuberdes— b. 
Prionim Cruram Fomicis, Mamillary tubercles. 

BULBOCASTANEUM, Buniumbulbooas. 

BULBO-CAVERNOSUS, Accelerator urinsB-* 
b. SyndeemO'CavemeHZf Accelerator urino) — 6. 
Urethral J Accelerator urinie. 

BULBOCODIUM, Narcissus psendonarcissoB. 

BULBONACH, Lunaria rediviva. 

BULBUS. Bulb. 

Bulbus Esculxh'tus. The Esculent Bmib: 
a partionlar kind, so denominated by the an- 
cients. It is supposed to have been the O^Mi 
Aecalon'iea, — ^DioBOoridea, Celsus^ Pliny, Aa 




Bri.Brs GLATcprLOnrs. Proventricnlns — b. 
Oouli, Hue Eye — b. Olfacturiu«, >ee Olfactory 
Nerved — b. Pili. iee lliiir — b. Rachidicus, see 
lleduUa ()bIon;;ata — b. Va;;inu), B. vc9tibuli. 

BrLBi'S Vkstib'uli, li. Vuyi'utt^ Plexn§ reti- 
/orm'i»y Cm I'd clitor'idU inter' tin. Bulb or Semi- 
oulh of tlii^ /-V/iKr/f, (F.) Ittilhe liu Vayiu, A close- 
paekt'd pluxud of intr'U'ately aiiavtoinofling veins, 
iocloACil in a ritiruuu invvstmont, — being aD im- 
xno<Uutc (Miitinuution luid extenyton of the part 
intrrmt'ilid, mul occupying the 8]iace between the 
bcginniu;;: ur voMtiWulc uf the vagina and the 
rami uf the pubio uroh. It \» regarded by Louth, 
Taylor, Morgagui and Kobelt an the analogue 
of the mule bulb. 

BuLDirs Vohito'ru'S. A plant, said by Dios- 
corido^ U> be emetic and diuretic It us the 
Mntk-ffrofte jiuictr, according to Rayj — the ii^a- 
ciutkuM Mimrttri. 

BULESIS. Voluntaa. 

BULiiA, Vulva. 

BULIMIA, Boulimia. 

BU'LITIIOS, from ffovs, <an ox,' and Xi$*(, 
* a stone/ A be£(iar or rtonc, fnund in the kid- 
neys, gall-bladder, or urinary bladder of an ox 
or cow. 

BULLA, (F.) BnUe. A HUh. A portion of 
the cuticle, detached from the skin by the inter- 
position (tf a transparent, watery fluid. It forms 
the 4tb order in Willan's and Butemnn's arrange- 
ment of cutaneous disieaites. and includes eryvi* 
pelfls, pemphigus, and pompholyx. By some. 
Bulla has been used synonymously with Ptm- 
phigttM. See, also. Hydatid. 

liULLACE PLUM. Pmnus inritia. 

Kabothi glanduhe. 

BULL-FISTS, Lycoperdon. 

BUMELLIA, Fraxinufl excelsior. 

BUNA, CofTca Arabica. 

BUNDURII, Corylus avellana. 

BUN IAS. Brnssica napus. 

BU'NIOID, liuHim*dr», Nn'piform; from $w- 
f««v, 'a turnip,' and ci^0(, 'resemblance.' An 
epithet for a form of cancer, bearing some resem- 
blance to a turnip. 

BUNIOX. Bnnyon. 

BUNPTES VINUM. A wine, made by in- 
fbsing the liuuimn in must It is stomachic, but 
fcarcely ever uved. 

BUXIUM, Carvi, Camro. 

Bl-'xitm BuLBocAs'TATrrir, P&vvtw, so 
called, it has been supposetl, from grffwing on 
hillK, from 0ov¥ot. 'a hill.' Bafnuoea^tannrnf 
Bn'mum minwit Sium hulbonanUumm, Scandar 
hnlbtH'nntnnumf Cnrnm bntlMtcottaHttm. The sys- 
tematic name of a plant, whose root is called 
Pifj-HHtf Afjriiicnm'tHUHint Xn'cuUi Urre&'tri*, Bul- 
hocttM'tuuitm luitjH* et minuB, JKartk'UMt, Hawk- 
HH^ A'ijtpci''untf (F.) Terre-noix, The root is 
tuberous, and is eaten raw or roasted. It has 
been supposed to be of use In strangury. It is 
not employed in medicine. 

BUXNIAX, Bunyon. 

BUN' VOX, Bun' ion, Bun'uian, from fiowos, 
'an eminence.' ( f ) An enlargement and in- 
flammHtion of the bursa mucosa at the inside of 
the ball of the grent toe. 


BUPEIXA, Boulimia. 

BUPIITIIALMI IIERBA, Anthemis tlnetoria, 

BUPIITHAL'MIA, Bnopithal'Mia, BuphthaV- 
MrM, KfcphnntoM'ma, from (iovf, 'an ox,' and t^- 
^mXfif, *an eye.' Oj--9^0, Under this name, 
the generality of authors have designated the 
first stage of nyitrophthalmia. Others, with Sa- 
batitf/ mean, by it» turgesoenco of the vitreotu 

humour, wbicb, by pushing the irit TormHi^ 
forms around the crystalline a sort of border 

Pyrethrum — b. Mi^ui, Chrysanthemum lenam- 

BUPIiTHALMUS, Uydrophthalmia, Swap*, 
vivum tectorum. 

BUPINA, Boulimia. 

BUPLEUROIDES, Baplenrom rotnndifbUaa. 

pUn'roHf Bnpf€HroVde9, from fim; aagmentativ% 
and wXcvpov, 'side,' (F.) Bnplivrt, Percrfamlhf 
Honnd-Uaved Hare** Ear, ThnroKwajr, The hcrb 
and seeds are slightly aromatic. It was formtoAj 
celebrated for curing ruptures, being made faite 
a cataplasm with wine and oatmeaL 

BUPLiVBE, Bupleurum rotundifoliom. 

BURAC. Borax. Also, any kind of nlL 

BURDOCK, Arrtinm lappa ^b. T..eMer, Zu- 
thiuin — b. Prairie, Silpbium terebinthaceum. 

BURIAL ALIVE, Zootbapsi*. 

BURIS, Hernia, accom}»anicd by sdrrhow . 
tumefaction ; or, perhaps, a icirrhouB tuaww 
only. — Avicenna. 

BURN. Sax. bernan or byrnan, 'to bun or 
bren.' LVtio, Ambut'tio, Adnt'tio, Tre9i& Cfamaiaf 
Eriffhe'ma Ambn^tio, Ontm'9, Ehcuh'm, Pvrf- 
eauM'tHm, CombuMtu'ra, Catacau'mn, CambmrH^^ 
(F.) BrUlure. An injury produced by the aetka 
of too great heat on the body. Burnt art ni 
greater or less extent, from the simple irritillon 
of the integnment to the complete destruetioB «f 
the part The consequences are more or kM 
severe, according to the extent of injury, and dM 
part affected. Burns of the abdomen, when u>» 
parently doing well, are sometimes followed wf 
fatal results. Their treatment varies, — at tiiti, 
the antiphlogistie being required; at othon^ tu 
more stimulating. 

BURXEA, see Finns Sylvestris. 

BURNET, CANADA, SangyisorlMk Cmm- 

solution of chloride of zinc, first used by ffir 
William Burnett for preserving timber, eanran^ 
Ac, from dry rot, mildew, Ac., and afterwaidi 
as an antibromic and auUseptic, especially In tho 
case of dead bodies. 

BURXIN(t, Brtnning. A diseaae mentioiicd 
by old historians, firom which anthori hare on* 
snccessfuUy endeavoured to demonstrate the nn- 
tiquity of svphilis. — Parr. 

BURNING OF THE FEET, see Feet, bun. 
ing of the. 

BURNT HOLES. A rariety of mpia, popn^ 
larly known in Ireland under this name; and net 
unfrequent there amongst the ill-fed childrea of 
the poor. 

BUR-REED, GREAT, Sfiarganium rnmoniB. 

Spirit of Burrhut for dittnaet nf the IfoMJ^ It 
is prepared by digesting, in alcohol, equal parti 
of myrrh, oliluinum, and mastio. Boerhaare fte- 
quentlv prescribed it. 

BURSA CORDIS, Pcrlcardium^K Parterb^ 
Thlaspi burtiu — b. Testium, Scrotam— b. Viiiliip 

BURSJR MUCO'S.E, Bttrnf muco'tm reWea- 
Id'nn, Bumtt sen Cttp'»u?tF «yiiorrfl'/e«, BUmtto^ 
rjf»*tide*t Sacci mvco'ni, Ve$i*C0B tuttfttino't^g ten*^ 
f/('iiii»i, Vayi'mr Sifti or in' fe*, SifHoviai i'rypt» or 
FoUieht, (F.) 7^>N^•^« Stfunrinlft. Small mem* 
branous sacs, situate about the joints, particolariy 
a1>out the large ones of the upper and lower ex- 
tremities, and, for the most part, lying under the 
tendons. They are naturally filled with an ollj 
kind uf fluid, the use of which i£ to lubricate 




OTcr which the tendons pla.j. In eonse- 
quence of bruises or sprainSy this fluid sometimes 
eollocts to A great extent The bursie are, gene- 
rally, either of a roundish or oval form, and they 
have been arranged under two classes, the aphe- 
rioal and the vaffinaL 

BuRSiB ST50VIALF.S, Bttrsss macoscs. 

BURSAL, Bur$a'li». Relating or appertain- 
ing to bursse, — as a * bunal tumour.' 

BURS A LIS, Obturator internus. 

BCR.SERA ACUMINATA, B. gnmmifera. 

Burse'ra GuMMir'KRA, B, aeumina'ta, Tere- 
hiatk'n* gHmmifera, Jamaica Bark Tree, A resin 
exudes from this tree, which, as met with in the 
shops, is solid extomally ; soflish internally ,* of 
a ritreous fracture; transparent; of a pale yellow 
eolour; turpentine smell, and sweet, peifumed 
taste. It has been used like balrtms and tur. 
pen tines in general, and is ealled, by the French, 
OacMbttH, ChiboUf and Reeine de GomarU 

BURST, Hernia, HemiaL 

BURSTEN, see Hernial. 

BURKULA, Scrotum. 

BURTHISTLE, Xanthiam. 

BURWEED, Xanthium. 

BURWORT, Ranunculus acris. 

lang is a Tillage in the department of Vosges, 
France. The waters are acidulous chalybeates. 

BUSSEROLLE, Arbutus ura nrsi. 

aoar'die Spirit of Bu$eiue, . A preparation, re- 
garded as sttdoriflo, diuretic, and antispasmodic ; 
obtained by distilling subcarbonate and muriate 
of ammonia, amber, oil of cedar or juniper, Ao. 

island is in the Frith of Clyde, about 18 miles 
below Greenock. The climate is mild and equa- 
ble, bnt rather moist; and, as a winter residence, 
it holds out advantages for those only that ap- 
pear to demand such a condition of the atmo> 
sphere. The olimate resembles, in character, 
that of the S. W. of England and France, and 
the Channel islands ; although its temperature is 

BU'TEA FROXBO'SA, ErytkH'na monoeper'. 
MO, Rudolpk'ia /rondo'ea, see Kino. A tree, 
common in Bengal, and in the mountainous parts 
of India ; Nat, Or*L LegnminossB ; from which 

Cm butea flows. Br. Pereira found this gum to 
identical with a specimen marked gummi ru- 
hrmm attringene — ^the gomme astringente de Oam- 
bie of M. Gttibourt By some, this gum has been 
oonfonnded with kino. 

BUTIGA, GutU rosea. 
BUTOMON, Iris psendaeorus. 

BUTTER, from fievrv^w; itself from fiwt, 'ox,' 
and rv^, 'any thing coagulated.' Buty'rum, 
Pic^rion, (F.) Beurre, A sort of concrete oil, 
obtained from the eream that forms on the sur- 
face of the milk furnished by the females of the 
mammalia; especially by the oow and the goat. 
Freah butter is very nutritious, whilst the rancid 
Is irritating. The aooient chemists gare the 
name Butter to many of the metallie dilorides. 
It has also been applied to vegetable substances, 
which resemble, in some respects, the batter ob- 
tained from milk. 

Bdttbb op Bavbouc or Bavbttc, (¥,) Beurre 
is Bamboim on Bambuk, A Tegetftole oil ob- 

tained from a species of almond, and used ia 
Senegal in neuralgic and rheumatismal pains. 

Butter of Ca'cao, Oil of Ca'enOf Oleum Ca» 
eao epifa'tum, 0. Theohro'tna Cacao expree'wnm^ 
(F.) Beurre de Cacao f Huile de Cacao. A fkt 
substance, of a sweet and agreeable taste, ob- 
tained from the Theobroma coeao, or chocolate 

BuTTXR OT Cocoa, (F.) Buerre de Coco, A 
fatty, concrete substance, which separates from 
the milk of the cocoa nut It is sweet and 

BUTTERBUR, TussUago petasites. 

BUTTERCUPS, Ranunculus acris. 

BUTTERFLY-WEED, Asclepias tuberosa. 

BUTTERMILK, (F.) Babeurre, Lait fie 
Beurre, The thin, sour milk, separated from the 
cream by churning. It contains caseum and a 
little butter. It is a refreshing drink when 
newly made. 

BUTTERWORT, Pinguicola vulgaris. 

BUTTOCK-HUMP, Steatopyga. 

BUTTONBUSH, Cephalanthns occidentalis. 

BUTTONWOOD SHRUB, Cephalanthns ocei- 

BUTUA, Pareira brava. 

BUTYRUM, Butter— b. Amygdalanim dnl. 
cium. Confection (almond) — b. Saturn i, Unguen* 
tum plumbi superacetatis — b. Zinci, Zinci chlo- 

BUVEUR, Rectus internus oculi. 

tonien'eee Aqua, Buxton is a village in Derby- 
shire. The springs are thermal, and about 82^ 
Fahrenheit They contain sulphate of sod% 
chloride of calcium, chloride of sodium, chloride 
of magnesium, carbonate of lime, carbonic acid^ 
and axote. They are used in cases in which 
thermal springs, in general, are recommended* 
They contain little or no mineral impregnation. 

BUXUS, Buxue eempervi'rene. The Box-tree, 
(F.) Bui§ ou Bouia, The leaves are bitter and 
aromatic, and, as such, have been used in medi- 
cine, in eases of worms, dyspepsia, Ac, in the 
form of decoction. They are sometimes, also^ 
added to beer. The seed was anciently called 

BYNE, Malt 

BY'RETHRUM. A sort of cap or Couvrechef, 
filled with cephalic substances. — Forestus. 

BYRSA, fivpva. A leather skin to spread 
plasters upon. 

BYRSODEP'SICON. A tan stnlF, with which 
C^Lms AuRBLiAirus sprinkled wool, which he 
applied in certain cases to the umbilieal region : 
from fivpoa, * leather/ and jci//cw, ' I tan.' 


BYSAU'CHBN, fit>m /2vm, <I stop up/ and 
asXWf 'the neck.' A morbid stifiness of the 
neck. One with a short neok, — Simotraeke^luM, 

BYS80S, Vulva. 

BYSSUS, Bunuw^ The ancients gave this 
name to several vegetable snbstanees, which were 
used for the fabrication of stuffs prised for their 
fineness, colour, and rarity of material. It is 
now chiefly applied to the filaments, by the aid 
of which the acephalous mollusca attach their 
shells to the rocks. Byssus was formerly also 
applied to the female pudendum, 

BYTHOS, /3»^f, * depth/ An epithet used b/ 
Hippocrates for the fundus of the stomach. 





C. This letter in the ohemieal alphabet sig- 
nifies nitre. It is also eometimes used in pre- 
■criptiouB for calx. 

CAA-AP'IA, Donte'nta Bra*iUen*M sen cor- 
di/o'lia sen placentoVdet sea viteVla. The root, 
aocording to Piao, is employed as emetic and 

CAA-ATAY'A. A plant of Brazil, supposed 
to be a ppecies of gratiola. It is very bitter, 
and considered to be one of the best indigenous 

CAACICA, Euphorbia oapitata. 

CAA-GHIYU'YO, Frutex hae'ei/tr Braxtlten'- 
•**9. A shrub of Brasil, whose leaves, in powder, 
are considered detersive. 

CAAOPIA, Hypericum baociferum. 

CAAPEBA, Pareira brava. 

CA A PONG A, Crithmum muritimnm. 

CAAROBA. A Brarilian tree, whose leaves. 
In decoction, promote perspiration. See Cera- 

CABAL, Cab'ala, OahaTki, OaVhala, Caha'lia, 
Kah'alay Gaballa, This word is from the He- 
brew, and signifies knowledge transmitted by 
tradition. Paracelsus and several authors of the 
16th and 17th centuries have spoken much of 
this species of magic, which they distinguished 
into Judaic or theologian, and Hermetic or medi- 
ciRol; the latter being, according to them, the 
art of knowing the most oooult properties of 
bodies by an immediate communication with 
spirits, — the knowledge being thus acquired by 
inspiration, and incapable of inducing error. It 
was also called Art eabali^tiea, * cabalistic art' 

GABAL'HAU. A plant of Mexico, according 
to Dalechamps, which passes for an antidote to 
white hellebore, and yet is used for poisoning 
arrows. It is unknown to botanists. 

GAB'ALIST, Cabaliw'ta, One instrnctod in 
the Cabal. 

CABALLATION, Cynoglosram. 

CAB ARE Tt Asarum. 

CABBAGE, Brossica— c. Cow, Nymphsea odo- 
rata — c. Irish, Dracontinm foetidnm — c. Skunk, 
Dracontium foetldum — c Swamp, Dracontium 
foetidum-^. Water, Nymphsea odoratar— c. Tree, 
Geoffrioa Inermis — c. Bark tree, Geoilrsea inermis. 

CA6BAGIUM, Geoffrasa inermis. 

CABUREIBA, Myroxylon Peruifemm. 

CABUR^ICIBA, see Myroxylon Peruifemm. 

CAC^'MIA, Oaehig'mia, from *ro«oy, 'bad,' 
and 'ai/ta, * blood.' A faulty or morbid condition 
of the blood. 

CAC^STHB'SIS, CktetuBfthe'nt, Oaeoattht'- 
•if, fW)m Karotf ^foad,' and ateOnnt, 'feeling.' 
Morbid sensation. Morbid general feeling. ^- 

CACAFBRRI. Perrl subcarbonas. 

CAC'AGOGUE, Gaeoffo^gutf from Ktutgn, 'ex- 
crement,' and ayetv, 'to expel.' An ointment^ 
composed of alum and honey ; which, when ap- 
plied to the anus, produced an evacuation. — 
Pauflns of JB^ina. 


plkor'himn. A plant, which Dodoens and others 
considered to be capable of tempering the caustic 
properties of enphorbium. It ia also called 

Many varieties of the Caoalia are used, in dif- 
ferent counU4es, chiefly as condiments. 

CA'CAO, Ca'coat Caca'vi, Quahail, Caeava'ta. 
The cocoa or chocolate nut; fruit of Theobro'ma 

CfaeaOf Co'eoa CaettviferiXj Cki'cao miner tea 
tati'vti, Caeao theobro'wm/ Familjf, Halvaeeti. 
Sex, &f9t. Polydelphia Pentandria» 

CACATION, Defecation. 

CACATORIA, Diarrhoea. 

CAC'ATORY, Cacato'riut, from eacare, 'to |^ 
to stool.' Febrit eaeato'ria ; a kind of intermit* 
tent fever, accompanied by copious alvine evaena* 
tions. — Sylvius. 


CACAVI, Caeao, Jatropha manihot 

CACCB, Bxcrement 

CACCION^B. A sort of pill, chiefly formed 
of catechu, recommended by Baglivi in dysentery* 

CACBPHEBOTE'SIA, from km^, 'bad,' and 
t^t0orris, 'puberty.' Morbid puberty. Diseasa 
occurring at the period of puberty. 

CACHANG-PARANG. A sort of bean of Sn- 
matra, mentioned by Marsden, whose seeds are 
given in pleurisy. Jussieu considers it to be the 
Mimo'ia $.eanden§, 

CACHECTIC, Caehee'tet, Cachec'ticH$, same 
etymon as Cachexia. One attacked with ca- 
chexia. Belonging to cachexia. Caehe^tiea 
remed'ia are remedies against cachexia. 

CACHEN-LAGUEN, Chironia Cbilensis. 

CACHEXIA, from koko^, 'bad,' and 'c^if, 
'habit' Stat%iM ecichee^ticue, Cachexy f Bvtthe'ti*, 
(F.) Cachexie, A condition in which the body 
is evidently depraved. A bad habit of body, 
chiefly the result of scorbutic, cancerous, or ve-- 
nereal diseases when in their last stage. Hence 
we hear of a Scorbutic Cachexia, Caneerotie Ca- 
chexia, Ag. Sauvages and CuIIen have included 
under this head a number of diseases — consump- 
tions, dropsies, Ac. Cachexia has been some- 
times confounded with diathesis. Cachexia 7e- 
ter'ica is jaundice or icterus itself, or a disposition 
thereto. Fluor albus is sometimes called Ca- 
chexia Uierina, 

Cachxxia. Africaha, Chthonophagia— c Cal- 
culosa, l4ithia — c. Cancerous, see Cancer — c 
Chlorotio, Chlorosis — c. Dysthetica, Dyscrasia — 
c. Icterica, Icterus — c Lymphatica farciminosap 
see Equinia. 

Cachexia Londxnxr'bis. The paleness and 
other evidences of impaired health presented by 
the inhabitants of London. A similar cachexia if 
seen in those of other crowded cities. 

Cachexia, Marsh, ^F.) Cachexie paludienne. 
The state of cachexy observed in m^arious dis- 

Cachhzia SATVRimnE, Satnmismns. 

Cachexia, Scorbutic, see Purpura — o. Sero* 
phulosa, Scroftila. 

Cachexia Sple'kica. The state of seorbutSo 
cachexia, which often accompanies diseases, es- 
pecially enlargement of the spleen, Splenafyia 
^engalen'eie, in India. 

Cachexia Ybitbrba, Syphilis— o. Venous, Ye- 
nosity — o. Yirginum, Chlorosis. 

CACHEXIE, Cachexia —e. PalwUenne, Ca^ 
chexia, marsh. 

CACHEXY, Cachexia. 

CACHIBOU, see Bursera gvmmifera. 

CACHINLAGUA, Chironia chilensu. 

CACHINNA'TIO, from caehinno, 'I langh 
aloud.' A tendency to immoderate laughter, as 
in some hysterical and maniacal affections. 

CACHIRI. A fermented liquor made, in Cay- 
enne, from a decoction of the rasped root of the 
manioc. It resembles perry. 

CACHLEX. A smiJl stone or pebble, found 




tlie ae* sbors. One of these, when healed in 
tlk« fire, ftnd cooled in whey, oommanioates an 
Astringency to the liquidi so that it was anoiently 
€«teemed to be useful in dysentery. — Galen. 

CACHOS. An oriental fruity apparently of a 
Solan am, which is esteemed lithontripUo. 

CACIIOU, Catechu. 

CACHRTS LIBAKO'TIS. An nmbelliferons 
plant which grows in Africa and the South of 
Svrope. It is aromatio and astringent. Its seeds 
mre extremely acrid. 

Cachrts Maritdta, Grithmum maritimum. 

CACHUN'DB. An Indian troch or pastUe 
•ompoeed of amber, mastic, musk, cinnamon, 
aloes, rhubarb, galanga, pearls, rubies, emeralds, 
nraets, Ao. It is regarded by the people of In- 
ma as an antidote, stomachic and antispasmodic 

CACO, race, properly only an abbreviation of 
jMcvc In composition it means something de- 
lecUve ; as in the following words. 

CACOJESTHBSIS, Cacsssthesis. 

CAGO-ALEXITERIA, Alezipharmic 

CACOCHO'LIA, from «ajco(, 'bad,' and x^Xv* 
'bile.' Diseases induced by a depraved condition 
of the bile. 

CAC'OCHROI, Oat^oehri, from M«or, 'bad,' 
and X9^* ' colour.' Diseases in which the com- 
plexion is morbidly changed in colour. 

CACOOHYL'IA, from vmo;, 'bad,' and xvXo(, 
'ehyle.' Depraved chylification. 

CACOCHYM'IA, Kakoehym'ia, Chrrttj/Ho 
Humo'rum, from c«of, 'bad,' and x^f^r 'juice,' 
'humour.' Oaeoeh'ymy, Depravation of the 

Cacocrtmia PLrvBiA, Lead poisoning — cu 
Scorbutica, see Purpura — o. Sorophulosa, Sero- 
Ma — 0. Venerea, Syphilis. 

CACOCH'TMUS, Oacoehym'ieu§. One attacked 
With caoocbymia. Belonging to caoochymia. 

CACOCNB'MUS, Oaeocne'mieua, Jfalis §vru 
nrttdi'tu9 ; from cacof, 'bad,' and «yiy/(f, 'the 
leg.' One who has bad legs. 

CAOOCORB'MA, from jra«of, 'bad,' and npctt, 
'I purge, or cleanse.' A medicine which purges 
aff the vitiated humours. 

CACODiB'MOK, from caMr, 'bad,' and Satfitav, 
* a spirit' An evil spirit, to which were ascribed 
many disorders. The nightmare. 

CACO'DES, fttnn cam;, 'bad,' and o^w, 'to 
tmell,' — maU oUm$» Having a bad smell ; Caeo'- 
dia, Caco^mia, 

CACODIA, see Caoedes. 

CACO^THES, 0aeoeth'iev9, ttom xaKos, 'bad,' 
Bnd M^t, 'disposition, habit»' Ac Of a bad or 
vitiated character, as uieu§ eaoot'tket, an ulcer 
of a malignant character. 

CACOBTHICUS, Oacoethes. 

CACOGALAO'TIA, Cdeoga'lia, from M«»r, 
'bad,' and yaXa, gen. y^aitToSf 'milk.' A bad 
condition of the milk. 

CACOOALAC'TICA, same etymon as the last. 
One who suffers from a bad condition of the milk. 

CACOGAliIA, Cacogalactia. 

CACOGEN'ESIS, from cuKOf, 'bad,' and ym- 
WtSt * generation.' A morbid formation. 

OACOMORPHIA, Deformation. 

CAC0M0RPH08IS, Deformation. 

CAGOPATHI'A, Pcu'tio Mala, from niitor, 
*bad,' and ra9os, 'affection.' A distressed sUte 
of mind. — Hippocrates. 

CACOPHO'NIA, from tant, 'bad,' and ^ttvn, 
'voice,' vUia'ta vox, A dissonant condition of 

GAGOPLAS'TIG, duxmlaa'Hem, J^9pkum€W. 
ie; from KuKot, 'bad,' and irAaffffM, 'I torm.' Sus- 
ceptible of only a low degree of organization, as 
the indurations resulting frt)m low or chronic 
Inflammation^ flbro-cartiUigei oisfliosis, Ac 

GACOPRA'GIA, OaeoprearU, from MKo^f 
' bad,' and nfarru, ' I perform.' Depraved eon* 
dition of the orp^anic ftinetions. 

GAGOPRAXIS, Gacopragia. 

CACORRHACHFTIS, from icMot, 'bad,' and 
pax^tr 'the spine.' Cacor'rhachfi, Caeorhaehi$f 
Caeorhacki'tiMf SjxmdylaVgxa. Deformity of the 
spine. Disease of the spine Spontaneous luxa- 
tion of the vertebrse and ribs dependent upon 
internal cau ses. 

GAGORRHTTH'MUS, ArrKyth'mm, from ra- 
Kos, 'bad,' and fv^ftos, 'rhythm,' 'order.' Irre- 

GAGO'SIS. Mala <f«WtV'to, (F.) Vict, A 
bad condition of body. — Hippocrates. A diseased 
condition in general. 

GACOSIT'IA, from mirar, 'bad,' and vinev, 
'aliment' Disgust or aversion for food — Fa»* 
tid^ium ct&o'rwm. 

GAGOSMIA, see Gacodes. 

GACOSOMrUM, from kmos, 'bad,' and mtftOf 
' the body.' An hospital for leprosy, and incura- 
ble affections in general. 

GAGOSPERMA'SIA, Oaeoipenna'tia, Oacot- 
per'mia, from raco;, ' ImuI,' and vwep/ia, ' sperm.' 
A bad condition of the sperm. 

GAGOSPHYX'IA, from varo;, 'bad,' and 
9^v{if, ' pulse.' — VUio'nu ptd'nu. Bad state of 
pulse. — Galen. 

GAGOSPLANGH'NIA, from nurof, 'bad,' and 
nXayx^o^t 'a viscus.' Indigestion. The ema- 
ciation dependent upon imperfect digestion.—* 

GAGOSTOM'AGHUS, from «•«»;, 'bad,' and 
vTOftaxoi, 'the stomach.' What dis^^es with 
the stomach. Indigestible — Gorrssus. 


GAGOS'TOMUS, from mico;, 'bad,' and arofta, 
'a mouth.' Having a bad mouth. 

GAGOTHYM'IA, Vtt'ium An'imi, from M«e^ 
' bad,' and ^vfiof, ' mind,' ' disposition.' A vitions 
state of mind. — Linden. 

GAGOTRIBULUS, Gentanrea calcitrapa. 

OAGOTRIGH'IA, from cocor, 'bad,' and Opt(, 

iy«cv ' hair.' Disease of the bur. 

CAGOTROPH'IA, from nKot, 'bad,' and rpo^v, 
'nutrition.' — Vitio'ta nvtrtVio /—disorderea nu- 
trition. — Galen. 

OACOUf Cagoi, Gatochn. 

CACOU'CIA COGCIN'BA, Covein'ea, Ooe^ 
etn'«a, Schoutba'a eoeein^ea, Txhimma. A peren- 
nial twining shrub of South America, the plant 
of which, as well as the fruit, is possessed of 
emeto-cathariic properties. 

CACTIEB, Gactus opuntia. 

CAGTUS OPUN'TIA, Opuu'tta. The India» 
Fig, (P.) CaeHer, Ha^usite, Figuier delude. This 
plant grows in South America, Spain, Italy, Ac 
Its fruit, which has Uie shape of the fig, is of a 
sweetish taste, and colours the urine red when 
eaten. Its leaves are considered refrigerant 

The fruits of different species of cactus are 
called Tuna; 

GADA'BA, Stro^mia. A ge^ns of the fkmily 
Cfapparidu$f natives of India and Arabia. The 
young shoots of the Cada'hafarino'ta are ooosl> 
dered to be an antidote against venomous bites. 

GADA'VBR, Puma, Neeron, A dead body / 
amft/eel/ a earooM, (F.) Oxdavre, The word 
has been supposed to come from eocfo, ' I fall ;' 
and by some to be a contraction from earo data 
vermtbuBf * flesh given to the worms.' (?) 

GADAV'BROXJS, Cada^trie, Cadavero'tut, 
Neero*de; (F.) Cadavireux, Belonging to th* 
dead body; as cadavtroiu tmelL The Cadav*^ 
•revs or Jaijipoerafie face (see F«oe,) Is an 





fikTonrable sigu in dUeose, and generally denotes 
a &tal termination. 

Uadav'erous or Caday'eric Hypera'mia. 
The hypoHtatio byperumia obserrod in depend- 
ing parts of the dearl body. 

CADDY IXjSECT, see Ectozoa. 

CADE, Juiiiperus oxycedrus. 

CADEJI-INDI, Malabathrum. 

CADFiL-AVANACU, Croton tiglinm. 

CADI A. An Efo^yptian, leguminuut plant. 
The Arabs attribute to it« fresh loaves the power 
of relieving colic 


CADMEA, Calamina, Tutia. 

CADMI'I SULPHAS. CadrnVummlpku'ricwm, 
SnlphoM Cadmi'cmf Mcli'ni Hulpkas, Klapro'tkii 
Hu/phttn, Klupro' thiuM Sulphu'rieumf Melinum 
tHulphu' ricuoif Sufphate of CadiHtum, Used in 
spots on the cornea, and in chronic torpid inflam- 
mation of the conjunctiva, in the quantity of half 
a grain to a grain to the ounce of water. 


CADTCHU, Catechu. 

CADUCA HUNTERI, Decidua— o. Passio. 

CADU'CITY, ImheciVUtat, DehWiia; Cadu'- 
eitatf from cuderCf 'to fall.' The French uho the 
word CaduniU fur the portion of human life which 
is com prided generally between 70 and 80 years. 
The a;^ which precedes decrepitude. It is so 
termed in consequence of the limbs not usually 
possestiing sufficient strength to support the body. 
The precise age must of course vary in indi- 

CADUQUE, Decidua membranar— c. i?(/7^c&ie, 
see Decidua membrans^— c Vraie, Decidua mem- 


CAD US, Kahof. A Greek measure equal to ten 
gallons English. — Pliny. Amphora. 

TERIUS) are situate at the fore and back parts 
of the tuber annulare of the brain, and at the 
extremities of the depression made by the verte- 
bral artery. The former is placed between the 
nerves of the third ; and the latter between those 
of the sixth pair. 

CJ5CiK lI^MORRnOi'DES, Blind PHet, 
(F.) Hemorrhoidet aveugUi, are those unaccom- 
panied by any dincharge. 

CiiECAL, CiBca'lU. BeIongin<; to the caecum, 
from etBciitf * blind, hidden.' The Caeal arterie$ 
and veina are the branches of the Artencs et vents 
eoUca dextrtF. in/ertoret, distributed to the cascum. 

CICATRIX, Cicatrix. 

CiE'ClTAS, C<e'cUa9, Caettu'do, Abfep'na, 
Ohcatca'tio, Occaca'tio, Anap'tiOf Tjf'phloU$f 
Typhlv'nUf Blindnettf (F.) AreugUmentf Cicitif 
Perte dc la vue, Crocitas may be dependent upon 
many different diseases, — as upon amaurosis, 
specks, hypopyon, cataract, glaucoma, ophthal- 
mia, Btrophy.of the eye, dkc. 

C.i:ciTA8 Crepuscitlaris, Hemcralopia — c. 
Diurna, Nvctalopia — c. Xoctuma, Ilemeralopia. 

CiRCITUDO, Cwcltas. 

CiECUM, Ctecunif /nte»ti'nnm emcumf Monom'- 
et^hon, 3fonom'acum, Jfonoeo'lonf J/baocti7um, 
Ti/phU/teron monoeo'lonf Typhlot'ernm, Typhlo' 
Mn'tenim, Initf'iHin inte»ti'ni craan'f Saccut Intc9~ 
titii erntti sou Coli, CtrcHm Caput ooli, Caput calif 
Prima eefln eoli, fnit"ium extu'heranM coli, from 
c<r.cH*, 'blind.' The Blind Gntf so called from 
its being perforated at one end only. That por- 
tion of the intestinal canal which is seated be- 
tween the termination of the ileum and com- 
mencement of the colon ; and which fills, almost 
vhollj, the right illao fossa; where the perito- 

neum retains it immovably. Its length is aboil 
three or four fingers' breadth. The lUo-emcml 
valve or Valve of Banhin shuts 00" all commuU 
cation between it and the ileum ; and the Apptttm 
dix vermi/ormie ccBci is attached to it. 

CvECUM Fora'hbn of the frontal bone is a mall 
ca\'ity at the inferior extremity of the internal 
coronal crest or crista. — Franto-tthmoidal /uro- 
meit, (F.) Trou aveugle on borgne, Morgagni hat 
given the same name to the small cavity in tlit 
middle of the upper surface of the tongue, new 
its base ; the sides of which are famished witk 
mucous follicles — Lacune de la langue—{C}k») 

CecuH, PuLBouoxoua Tumoub of the, Tjm 

CiECUS. <BUnd.' One deprived of aig^^ 
Ttfpklope, (F.) Aveugle, Borgne. In anatomy^il 
is used to designate certain holes or cavitiiB^p 
which end in a eul^-eae; or have only oiM 

Blind Duett of tke Ure'tkra, (F.) GmJmm 
aveuglce de I'urkthre, are the Jiueaue Letewfmm 
of the Ure'thra, 

CiELA-DOLO, Torenia Aaiatica. 


blue— c. Borussicum, Prussian blue. 


C^SALPI'NIA, CcBealpi'nia eappan, Sappem 
or Sanip/en wood, (F.) Br^lltt, Boit de Sappeau 
A small Siamese tree, the wood of which ia natd 
in decoction, in cases of conttsion. 

Brazil wood, Pemamhueo or Femamhveo «wnL 
formerly used as an astringent, is the wood or 
CjEsalpik'ia EcHnrA'TA. This is the proper 
Brazil wood ; but another variety in commeroa it 
the BraeilettOf from Caealpinxa Braeilientis, tad 
C. critta, which grow in the West Indies. 

The Nicaragua or Peaek-tcood is analogou At 
this, and is sold to be derived from a spoeiflt of 

The kernel of CjEgALPiH'iA Bokdttcell'a, fbt 
seed of which is called in India Kutkuleja 
Kutoo Kurunja, ia given aa a febrifuge 
Dose, ten grains. 

C^SA'REAN SECTION, Gted'rean opera'^ 
tion, Tomoto^ia, Oesea'rea eectio, Partue cmeaf^ 
retu, Opera' tio caea'reei, Metrotom'ia, (F.) Qpl- 
ration Cftarienne, from ctedere, 'to cut.' Am 
incision made through the parietes of the abdo- 
men and uterus to extract the foetus. In thli 
manner, Julius Caesar ia aaid to have been ex- 
tracted. — Pliny. It is also called Hjfettrotom'iu, 
Hyeterotomotoc'ia, Oaetrometrotom'ia, Oaeierkjft^ 
teroVomy, Gtutrometrot'omi, GaMtrokytterotfom^f 
(F.) Operation Ciearienne, An incision haa ben 
made into the uterus through the vagina, oonati* 
tuting the Vaginal Catarean Section, GvMtrtiw^ 
trotom'ia, Gaetrocolpotom'ia, Lapara<^potom'tmf 
Laparoelytrotom'ia, (F.) Opfration dtariieMM 
vaginale. The Ciesarean section may be re- 
quired when the mother dies before delivery }-— 
when there is some invincible obstacle to delivety 
from the faulty conformation of the pelvis; or 
when the child has passed into the abdomJatl 
cavity in consequence of rupture of the utenia. 

C.ESARIES, Cf4)Ulua. 

C^SIUS, aiaucoma. 

C^'SONES, Ca'earea. Children brought iali 
the world by the Caesarean operation. 

CJilSU'LI^. They who have gray eyet. 

C^.SURA, Cut 

CJ<:TCIIU, Catechu. 

CAF, Camphor. 

CAFAL, Agrimony. 

CAFAR, Camphor. 

CAf£, Coffeiu 




CAF^ 2 LA SULTASB. This name bos 

in given to an infusion or decoction of the 
ground coqwf or pericarpa which rarronnd the 

CAFE CITRIN. The aqneone infasion of 
ttutMfted coffee, to called on accoont of ita yel- 
lowish tint. 

CAFBYER, Coffe* AraUea. 

CAFF A. Camphor. 

CAFiBR, Coffea Arabica. 

CAFUR, Camphor. 

CAGAS'TRUM. The principal or ^rm of 
diManes which are commanicable. — Paracelsns. 

CAGSEUX, Cagoi, See Eyllosia. 

CAGOSAXGA. Ipecacuanha. 

CAOOTS, (F.) A name given to deformed and 
■iserable beings, met with in the Pyrenees, Bern, 
aad Upper Gascony, in France, where they are 
abo called Capot*. In other districts they are 
eaUed OixiUf OiMitaintf OrMnt, Gahet; Capon*, 
OUihertt, Uacoua, Cagneux, Ac See Critin. The 
word Cagot is supposed to be an abbreviation of 
0»i« (rr/f Am« ' Dog of a Goth.' 

CAGUE-SANGUE, Caquewngue, 

CAHIXC^ RADIX, Cainom radix. 

CAI'EPUT OIL, Oafeput oil, Kgapnety, Ca~ 
fmm'ti (yUuM, The voUtile oU of the leaves of 
JMcrfrv'ca CafapH'ti, a native of the Molncoas. 
Tha oil haa a strong, fragrant smell, like cam- 
phor; taste pungent and aromatie. It is stimu- 
HBt, and oseful where the esaenUal oils in general 
»i employed. It has also been called Oil of 
Wkmthen^ from the person who first distilled it. 

CAiLLE, Tetrao cotnmix. 

CAiLLEAU, Lantana. 

CAILLE, Cards. 

CAJLLELAIT BLANG, Galium mollago-^. 
?f«M, Galium verum. 

CAILLOT, Coagulnm. 

CAINANiB RADIX, CaincsB radix. 

GAIN'CiiB RADIX, Radix Chiocoe'ca, R. 
Omum'mm sea CaninmuB sen Cahinea seu Aa- 
iktem sen Serpenta'ria Brnzilien'fiHf Cainca Root 
Hm bark of the roots of Chiococc'a angni/'uga, 
Ck. denn/o'lia, and, perhapa, Ch. racemo'$a, a 
plant of the F<nnily Rubiacea. Sex. Sgtt, Pen- 
Monogynia, of Linnsens. It is bitter, 
and diaretic, but has not been long intro- 
Dose of the powder, froin^j to s^ss. 

Dr. John H. Griscom, of New York, considers 
is a remarkable analogy between the Cain- 
Mi and the Apoeynum caHnabinnm. 

CAnCrrO, Chrysophyllum Cainito. 

CAIPA SCHORA. A euenrbitaceons Malabar 
^aat, tha fmit at which has a pyriform shape. 
TIm Joiee is drunk in that country for the pur- 
poaa of Arresting hiccough. The fruit, when 
wipeiy is emetic. 

CAISSB, Case — c. du Tambour, Tympanum. 

CAITCHU, Catechu. 

CAJAN*, Phaseolus creticus. 

CAJUPUTI, Cajeput 

CAKES, WORM, STORT'S. Thesewere 
aOMpaaed of calomel and fatap, made Into cakes, 
aad eoloored with rinnabar. 

C^escentia Cnjete. 


GALAF, Salix jEgyptiaea, A large-leaved 
IgypUan willow, called, also. Ban. The dis- 
liUcd water of the flowers, caUed Ifaeahalef, 
y as sc s , in that country, for an excellent ant- 
aphrodisiac. It is also used as an antiloimic, 
Mtiscptic, and cordial. 

CALAGUALA, see Calaguala radix. 

OALAOERI, Vemonia anthelmintioa. 

OALAQIRA£^ VamoaJM mathelnUntiM, 


CALAGUA'LJB RADIX, Calamie'lte Radim. 
The root of Pot upo'dium Culagun'fa seu adiunti^ 
/or'mi sen eona'cctfm seu ammi/o'liiim seu ar- 
gen'teum seu poVitum, A^pid'ium coria'ceum sea 
/errugin'evm sen dit'eolor, Tecta'ria calnhuala 
seu /errvf/in'ea, Calaguahf Calahuola. It Las 
been exhibited in Italy in dropsy, pleurisy, con- 
tusions, abscesses, Ac. Its properties are noty 
however, clear. 

CALAIIUALA, see Calagualae radix. 

CALAMANDRIXA, Teucrium chamndrys. 

CALAMBAC, Agnllochum. 

CALAMBOUK, AKullochum 

CALAME'DON, from raAa/ioc, 'a reed.' Tliis 
word has had various sipiifi cations. Some have 
used it for an oblique fracture of a bone; the 
fractured portions having the shape of the nib 
of a pen. Others have used it for a longitudinal 
fracture ; and others, again, for one that is com- 

CALAMI'NA, Cnl'amine, from calaTnu$, 'a 
reed,' so called from its roed-Iike appearance. 
Cadmi'a, Chthmir, Oadmi'a lapido'ta nero'ea, 
Cadmi'a Fo9'nh'$, Lapia Ai^ro'eua, Calim'ia, La^ 
pie Colamina'rie, Calamxna'rie, Car*boiia» Zinci 
impu'ruMf (F.) Pierre ealaminaire. Native im- 
pure carbonate of zinc. Calamine is chiefly used 
for pharmaceutical purposes in the form of the 
Calamixa PRiCPARA'TA, Lapis Calamina'ri* pra- 
para'tue^ Car'bonae tinci impu'rua prapara' tue, 
Zinci car'bonae prapara'tue, Prepared Oalamine; 
— Calamine reduced to an impaliiable powder by 
roosting and levigation. In this state it la 
sprinkled or dusted on excoriated ports, or to 
prevent excoriation, Ac. 


CALAMINT, Melissa Colomintha—c. Field, 
Melissa nopeta---c. Mountain, Melissa grondiflora 
— c. Spotted, Melissa nepeta. 


CALAMINTHA, Melissa C— c. Anglica, Me- 
lissa nepeta — c. Erecta Virginians, Cunila Mari« 
ana — c. Hederaceo, Glechoma hederacea — o. 
Magno flore, Melissa grondiflora — c. Montana, 
Melissa grondiflora — e. Nepeta, Melissa nepeta — 
c Parvifloro, Alclissa nepeta — c. Pulegii odore, 
Meli8!<a ncpet« — c. Trichotomo, Meli«>8u nepeta. 

CAL'AMUS, caXa/iof, 'the reed.' In the Phar- 
macopoeia of the U. S. the rhizoma of acorua 

Calamus ALKXAXDRi'^nrs. Cclsus bos thus 
called o medicine, which was long confounded 
with Calamu* Aromatieue. It is not a root, 
however, but the stalk of a plant of India and 
Egypt, probably the Andropo'gon Nardu: It 
entered into the thcriaco, and has been regarded 
as antihysterio and emmenagogue; — CalamuB 
aromnti*:H» rerue. 

Calamus AnoMATicrs, Acorns calamus — e. 
Aromaticus venis, Cslamus Alexandrinus — c 
Draco, C. rotang — c. Indicus, see Saccharum — 
c. Odoratns, Acorus calamus, Juncus odorotus. 

Calamus Rotano, C. Draco. The systematie 
name of a plant, whence Dragon** BUtod, San- 
gui* Draco'nit, Cinnah'arie Grac.o'runtj Dracon- 
tha'ma, (F.) Sang- Dragon, is procured. It is 
the red, resinous juice, obtained, in Indio, from 
wounding the bark of the Cafanmn Rotting. It 
has been used as an astringent in hemorrhages* 
Ac. ; but is now rarely employed. 

Calamus Scripto'rius, Anag'lyphit *a writing 
pen,' (F*.) Foetette angulaire du quatri?me »«»- 
trieule. A small, angular cavity, situate at the 
superior extremity of the medulla, in the fourth 
ventricle of the brain, which hos been, by fomv^ 
supposed to resemble a pen. 

Calamvb Vvlqaku, Aootoi caluaiBi. 




CALAPPITE. Rumphias hu given thU name 
to calcalous concretions, foond in the interior of 
certain cocoa nats. The cocoa tree itself the Mo- 
lays call Calappcu Those atones ore, likewise, 
termed VegetabU Bexoardt. The Malays attri- 
bate potent yirtues to them, and wear them as 

CALASAYA, GinchonsB cordifolisB cortex. 
CALBALA, Cabal. 

CALBIA'NUM. The name of a plaster in 
Myrepsus, the composition of which we know 

CALCADINUM, Ferri sulphas. 
CALOAIREf Calcareous, y 
CALCA'NEAL, Calcn'neua, from calx, 'the 
heel.' Having relation to Uie colcanenm, as 
'calcaneal arteries.' 

ORTEIL, Abductor minimi digiti pedis— e. Pha- 
langinien commuHf Extensor brevis digitorum 
pedis — c. Sottt-phalangettUn commiiit, Flexor 
Drevis digitorum pedis — c Soua-Phalanginien 
eommun, Flexor brevis digitorum pedis — c. Sotui- 
phalangien du petit orteil, see Abductor minimi 
digiti pedis — c. SuM-phalangettien eommun, Ex- 
tensor brevis digitorum pedis. 

CALCA'NEUM, from calx, 'the heel.' Cofoo'- 
neu9t OalcaVf CaVciOf Ichnutf 0» Calcit, Pterna, 
Pter'nium. The largest of the tarsal bones : that 
which forms the heeL It is situate at the poste- 
rior and inferior part of the foot ; is articulated 
above and a little anteriorly with the astragalus; 
anteriorly, also, with the os cuboides. Its poste- 
rior surface,— called Heelf Talua, CalXf (F.) Ta- 
lon, — gives attachment to the tendo-achillis : the 
lower has, posteriorly, two tuberosities, to which 
the superficial muscles of the sole of the foot are 
attached. The mall Apoph'vfh or lateral Apoph- 
y«i« of the Calca'neitm, (F.) Petit Apophye on 
Apot}hy$e latirale du Calcanium, is a projection 
at the upper surface of this bone, on which is 
formed the posterior portion of the cavity that 
receives the astragalus. The great Apoph'yie, 
anterior Apoph'if»i$ of the Calca'neum, is the 
projection which corresponds, on one side, with 
the cuboides ; and on the other forms the ante- 
rior part of the focette which receives the astra- 

CALCANTHON, Atromentum. 

CALCAR, Calcaneum, Ergot-^c Avis, Hippo- 
campus minor. 

CALCA'REOUS, Ca2ca'reui, Oalca'riue; from 
ealXf Mime.' {¥.) Calcaire. Containing lime : — 
OS culcareoue cf}ncretion»f 0. depoMitione, Sc 


— c. Chlorica, Calcis chloridum^-c Phosphorica, 
see Cornu cervi— c. Pura, Calx— c Pura liquida, 
Liquor calcis. 

CALCARIiB CHLORUM, Calcis chloridum. 

CALCATOR, Ferri sulphas. 

CALCATREPPOLA, Centaurea calcitrapo. 

CALCINO'NIA. Words employed by Paracel- 
sus to designate the concreUons of tartrate of 
Ume which form in the human body. 

CALCENOS, Calcetus. 

CALCEOLA'RIA, from oaJceoluM, 'a small 
sVipper;' Slipperwort, 

Calckola'ria Primata is used in Pern as a 

Calceola'ria Triv'ida is esteemed to be febri- 

CALCE'TUS, Caleeno^miM, Oaice'noe, That 
which aooucds in tartrate of lime. An adjective 
ased by Paracelsus in speaking of the blood; 
SangwB ecUce'ttie, Hence came tht expression 
Oahined blood. Sang ealeinl, 


CALCnOIDEA, (OS.) Coneiform boat, 

CALCIA, Calcaneum. 


CALCIG'RADUS, P(«nio6'a<M, from ealii^ 
wTtPva, ' the heel,' and fimiim, * I walk.' Oma 
walks on his heels. — Hippocrates. 

Oxychloruretum, Calcis chloridum — e. OxydoBy 
Calx vivo— c. Protoohloruretonit Calcis chloridom. 

CALCINA'TION, CaUina'tio, OaleVnom, Com- 
erema'tiot from ea2x, 'lime.' The aot of svbmit- 
ting to a strong heat any infiisible mineral wtk' 
stance, which we are desirous of depriving elthtr 
of its water, or of any other volatiliiabU sob- 
stance, that enters into its composition ; or whidi 
we wish to combine with oxygen. Ahum is ctU 
oined to get rid of its water of ctystalHiatUwi ^— 
chalkf to rednoe it to the state of pure lime^ by 
driving off the earbonio aoid ; and eerfatn mt tmh 
are subjected to this operation to oxidise thesL 


gyrum pnecipitatum. 


dum — e. Carbonas, Creta — o. Ciftrbonoa diin% 
Creta, Mormor — o. Carbonas friabilis, CreCa. 

Calcis Car'bohab Prjeciptta'tus, Prteif^U 
toted Car'bonat^ of Lime, Precipitated Okmk, 
This preparation, introduced into the last editko 
of the Pharmocopeeia of the United Stotas, is pn- 
pared as follows : Liq. Caleii Ckiorid. Cvss; Adm 
Carhonat. S>vj ; Aqum deetilloL q. s. Dissolve tha 
carbonate of soda in six parts of distilled water; 
heat this and the solution of ohlorido of ralciam, 
separately, to the boiling point, and mix. Wash 
the precipitate repeatedly with distilled walv^ 
end dry on bibulou!* paper. It has the ssmt 
properties as creta prseparata, and Is preferred to 
it in certain oases, — for example, as an ingredient 
in tooth powders, owing to its freedom frOM 
gritty parUcles. 

Calcis Chlo^ridum; Chlo'rideo/'Lime, ChU^ 
ruret of Lime, Hypocklo'rite of Lime, Ckloritej^ 
Lime, Oxymu* Hate of Lime, Calxeklorina'ta, (Pa» 
U. S.) Protoxichlor'uret of Calcium, Caica'riu dbla- 
ra'ta, Chlortan Calca'ria, Chloretum Calea'rimg 
Caharia Cklo'rica, Oscycklorure'tum Oaleiif Pr^ 
tochlorur^tum Caleii, Chlorure'tum Oxidi Oaieii, 
Bichlorure'tum Calcis, Oxymu'riae Oaleief Cai tm 
Hypochlo'rie, Calx oxymuriat'ica. Bleaching Pom- 
der, Tennan^t Powder, (F.) Protoricklorwrt ds 
Calcium, Ohlorure de Vhaux, Oxicklorure de 
Ckaux, Ohlorure d^ Oxide de Calcium, BieUamM 
de Chata, Oximuriate de Chaux, MurieUe surev- 
ig4ui ou Oxigini de Ckaux, Poudre de Blaud^ 
ment, P. de Tennant. A compound residting ftnai 
the action of chlorine on hydrate of Hma. 
Chloride of lime is a most valuable disinfeetilng 
agent, (see Disinfection,) when dissolved in the 
proportion of one pound to six gallons of water. 
It has likewise been employed both internally 
and externally in various diseasea, as in scrofb]% 
foetor oris, foul ulcers, Ac Ac. 

Calois Hepab, Calcis sulphuretom — c Hy- 
dras, see Calx^-c Hypochloris, Calcis ohloridtna. 

Calcis Mu'rias; Muriate of Lime, CabeeMtmt 

Caleii Chlorure'tnm seu Cklo'ridum, Chloride ff 

calcium, (F.) Chlorure de ccdeium, MuriaU <m 

Jfydrocklorate de Chaux. This salt has bMB 

given, in solution, as a tonio, stimnlanti Ac, fta 

scrofulous tumours, glandular obetmetions, g eai 

ral debUity, dko. A Solu'tio MunWtie (£m^ 

I Liquor Calcie 3furia*tie, Solution of liuriaie ly 

! Lime, Liquid Shell, may be formed of Jiuriate 

! of Lime 5J, dissolved in dittilled Koter f^ 

I The LxQuoB Calco Cbloridz or SoluHvm rf I 


rU* (/ Gtleiiim, ot the Phumaeopceta of the 
UoiMd Sulca, i* prepared u fullani; — ifarhlt, 
ia rnguinU, gii, Munatie oeid, OJ; J)i«iIUd 
■Htir, ■ ■Bflciaul qnaadtr. Mil (lie acid with 
■ hair pint of the wsler. aod grsduoll; odil tha 
■KtMe. Tawardi (he doaa of Uie eSeireicencc 
•pptj « s«ida beU, and, *fai 
roBwl, poor off the olrar luiDor and evitpDraW 
dTjDcn. IiiseolTe the roiiluiim in iU weight ii 
k liolTiifdudUed w&Uir, ud fllMr., 
Stfc UK U fS), in a capful ot 

Clu^is Oxihdbia-I, Caldi ohlaridnm. 

CiLda ScLPBiRi'TDH ; £r«»r CnUI 
pimnt y L.*«<, (F.) Prolo-htdnmil/al, 
■>■!>, l/gdr«iil/vu lii ciau. Principall; naci) Caic 
la iotoliaB, ai a tnth, is itcb sad olhor culoDcaiu 

CAX^ITBA, Ferri nJiAaa. 

CAUZETBOSA, nnmbi Dijdain Mnniritrvnm. 

CAL CITH Oa. Cvpri eabHOtu. 

CALOITRAPA, CentiiBrra CaleiCnipa, Del- 
^laina eoaiolida — e. UippophEatum. Cenlaa- 
lU e^cjtnpa~- c SlaUata, Centanrea calflitrapa. 

CALCIDU, CHLORmE OF, Ca)d* moriav— 
e. CUonm rfe, CaJeii marUe— e. Cl^r.n d'Biidt 
d€, bint eblaiidum — c. ProtiAgdroidfaU dr. 
Caleb lalphnrctma — c pmimiehlnrvrt ds, Cnl- 
<u ^lotiJoBi — c, Pfotoiichlumrel of, Colcii 
«h)iiridBm — 0. ProlDiide of, Cslx. 

OITl, AMaetnr miB<mi digiti pedis — e. gnbpha- 
lansFUi pDlIidi, Abductur puUida pedit. 

CALCOC'OS, Belt-ioelaL 

CALCOIPEA. (o<sicnl»,) Cuneiform tonei 

CALCOTAR. Ftrri tuJphai. 

CALCL'L. (Mealat. 

CAtrilLELX, CalctdDBL 

CiliCT'LI, tee Caleolni — c. Arfl-Tiliir. bm 
Oaleuli AnhriUc,- aod Coooretioiu, aiLicului. 

CiiLCiru, AmtLakTma, tat Calcali, nrinary. 

Ciucuii. Aethiut'ic, Tojiki, Tuba'iiala ar- 
liril'lra, Ckalli-,lam^, Ifodf, (F.) PUrrf eroy- 
nun, OtUmU ortirMqHa, Mirtdi. CencrctioDi, 
whitll form in the ligamenU, and within the cap- 
■alv of the jnntis in penmu alfeelad with Eont- 
They are compcxod of uric acid, enila, and a little 
aaiiBal matter; Terjriirelj, orate urilnig and ehlo- 
rida of »dinm are met with. Blmilru- calculi are 
SiiiBdiB utbar parte bedds* IbeJuiDli. 

CiL'ct-Li, Bu.'u*T, OaFcidi bilia'ti tmfdl'ei 
•en b-lia'rii, BiVinn OmerMioiu, OalUbrntm, 
rioWiUiu, ChoUrUkiu, (P.] CakaU blliaira, 

•- aafirl. Some of these coDUin oil the 

k or (h* bile, and aeem t« be nothing 
nior« than that lecrttion lliickened. SeFeril 
tMBtaln Pitnimil; and the greater partare coDi- 
p<n«l of thin SS l« 04 parte of CkolfMerin, and 
of tna « to 12 of the jellow tootter of the Inle. 
Biliary oalenli are rauit lhii|iientl7 tunnd in the 
gatl-bladdar : at other tiraea, is the aahatoDee of 
the llror, in the branehcs of the Pncim htpatiriu, 
or in tli« i>iHme 0>n«anu OkBUdacknt. The 
«f»t are oalleil f^illt ,- the accoiid Bipatis ; and | the 
the laM, sameliDicii, Brpalae^ific The canrcs 
whieh giie riee to Ibem are vary obieur*. Otlea 
they oeeuloa no aneaiiueii, and at other limes Taay gei 
the ■japlonii may be confagnded with UiOM of 
hepatiiii. At timei, they are rajeeled by tbe 

bl* quantify of bile, which hul accamulated he- 
hind them : at other timee they ooeuion Fiolent 
abdominal inHarennUipni aboceaiet, aud hiruiry 
letnlie, riiptore of the gall-bladder, and fatal 
aSuiloQ Into the peritooBam. The piunage of n 
gall-alune >■ erlremely painful; yet the pulie i> 

ided upon. Tbey cannot reach tl 

BoNi EiBTH, lee Catcali, orlniiry — o, 
UomppDod, DSB Calculi, urinary — e. Cyclic, tea 
Calculi, urinary. 

Cal'culi, arTBEEiBB,(F.](^{ei>/>(fcr(>rfiV(r. 

Hard, light, and inHommahte eoncreljcne, which 

Docor iu the mcniiu nurfifon'm uin-xni, »nd tn 

merely Indurated eernmen. They are a frequent 

- of deufneee. They eon be eaelly lecn, and 

ted by appropriate forceps, afler 

ing buen dataahad by Injetlioua of luap and 

I, Catanli, biliary — 0. Fuiible, 

abieeagei and fiEtulu 

I ha« been made 

CiLcDi.T, LtTHic, ne Calonli, nrinary. 

Cu'ciiu or TB> UAHKf, (F.) Oilru/e At 
ifamilUi. Haller gicea a o»e ff a coiicretion, 
of a yetlowifh-while Bolour, which bad the ifaapo 
of one of the excretory dnot* of the maniiuarj 
gland, bavlog been eitraeled from an obicwa 
eeated in thet argiio. 

Calculi, McL»KRnT,see Caloull, nrinary, 

~ ' THE Pah'ci ." - ■ ■ 

Pak'cheii, (F. C«lcuU d» 
a but little known. Ano- 


logy bu Induced a belief that Ihey reieuibla 
(he nlivory. Some bare eappoaed that eenain 
Iraniparont calonli, rejected by TOmiling, or 
poHSed in the evacuationa, hare proceeded from 
the pnncieai, bat there ceemi ta be do reoooD fui 
Ihir beUef. 
r*i.'cDU or Tim Ptiwt, Qi.*nn, (P,) Cn^cKb 

(lie aHDC CO 


ai the preeeding. They 

usually present (be jympiome common 


of the prai 

late, and (ometm 


of calculi in 

the id ad de 


RT, (F.) CaU«l 


ona are »ery frcquenUy 

m^Vwidi in 

the dead 

ody, without .e 

ninf to 

mt lyraptuujB do 

riig life. 

At Dt'her ti 

net, Ihey are ■rcompanicd 

trlOi all 

the tymploni 

B of phthiei., PhikLi. calr 

Bayle. At time) (boy 


he euportt. 

olion of a 

or unpleaoant, a 


nolly formed of carbonate 

of lime 



OiCevl.' faliva'h'. S!a- 

^lct,l, <R.J.*»t>ee. Cuncretioni, 

OBually farmed of pboapbate of lime and iniinal 

matter, which are daTeluped In Itio aubotuioe of 

■■ iry glanda or in their eierelory duola. 

rat case, they may be miataken for a 

■'* igof (be gland; t" ' -- - 

rally be delerted by (bo 

eh. They 



u been called OaPc 
ula lap!dt'a. 
ERIAT'ID, (F.) OlklU 


deatli. They cc 
detected during life. No anaiyui boa been made 

Cai.'CDU or TBB StOVACH and iNTEa'nNU, 

AxervfiCtw, E. OaPeuhu, Oiproi'itiw, Oner*. 




fjo'nec aJvi'na, (F.) Caleult de Vettomac, C. in- 
teatinauXf PUrrea atercoraleSf ConcrMotu inteati- 
nalea. Calculi of the stomach are rare, and have 
almost always been carried thither by the anti- 
peristaltic action of the intestines. The symp- 
toms occoiiioncd by them are those of chronic 
gasttriti^i. It has been imagined that the conti- 
nued use of absorbent powders, as magnesia, will 
give occa:<ion to them. 

Intestinal concretions, (F.) Calenla inteatinauXf 
are not uncommon in animals (see Bezoard:) 
bat they are rare in man. The causes which 
give rise to them are little known : sometimes a 
biliary calculus affords them a nucleus. Their 
composition varies. They are light, hard, very 
fetid, and not inflammable. They are formed, 
ordinarily, between the valvulsa of the small in- 
testines, or in the cells of the large, and some- 
times in old hernia;. Whilst they do not ob- 
struct the passaj]:e of the alimentary mass, they 
produce no unpleasant symptoms. At times, the 
movable tumour which they form may be felt 
through the parictes of the abdomen. They are 
generally evacuated per anunu 

Cal'ctli of the Tonsils. Calculous concre- 
tions, which sometimes form in the tonsils. (F.) 
Cyilcnla den AmygdaUa, They are easily recog- 
nised by the sight and touch: sometimes they 

are discharged by spitUng, eitber done or 

the pus of an abseess occasioned by thair pra* 

sence. They have not been analvzed. 

Calcfli, Triple, see Calculi, niinazy— flk 
Uric, sf.e Calculi, urinary. 

Cal'culi, U'rikabt, OroFiiki, (F.) CWedb 
urinairea, Pierrea urinairea. ConcreUons wUek 
form from the crystallizable substances in thm 
urine, and which are met with not only in th« 
whole course of the urinary passages, but in fl»- 
tuluus openings wherever tlie urine stngnatas 
naturally or accidentally. Their causes are bnl 
little known. They are more common at the two 
extremities of life than at the middle, and mora 
so in some countries and districts than in othenu 
At times, a clot of blood, a portion of mncns, At^ 
form the nucleus. The symptoms and trent» 
ment vary according to the seat of the cnloolaa. 
There is no such Uiing probably as a medleal 
solvent, See Urinary CalculL 

Modem chymists have demonstrated the exist- 
ence of several ^components of urinary calenl^ 
viz., Lithic Acid, Pkoaphate of Lime, Ammamiaco^ 
Ifmjneaian Pkoaphate, Oxalate of Lime, Qfsfie 
Oxide, and Xauthie Oxide, with an animal ce- 
menting ingredient The varieties of calculi, pro- 
duced by the combination or intermixture of theeo 
ingredients, are thus represented by Dr. Paris. 




1. LITHIC or 




5. rOtlBLB. 


7. ALTKRN4- 



Form, a flattened oval. S. O- 
RPiierHlly e.xceoila 1,500. Cotoir, 
brown ii<h or fawn-like. Surfaea^ 
smooth. Jltztura, laminated. 

Colour, dark brown, l^iture, 
harder than that of the other 
np'-rips. SO from 1.42H to 1.1)70. 
Stir/aea, studded with tuiiercles. 

Cotomr, pale brt»wn or prny; 
aurfact, smooth and poliahed ; 
Wntetiir*, regularly laminated ; 
the lamina: easily separating 
iritd concrete crusts. 

Colour, gi^nerally brilliant 
white. Surface, uneven, studded 
with shining crystal*, less com. 
pact than the preceding species. 
Uetwtx'n its laniine small cells 
occur, filled with spaikling par- 

Colour^ grayish white. 

Very like the triple calculus, 
hilt it is unstratiflifd and more 
compact and homogenous. 

Its section exhibits different 
cnncpniric laminc 

No characteristic furm. 

CHYMicAL ooMPoarnox. 

It considts principally of LitUe 
Jicid. When treated with nitric 
acid, a beautiAil pink substance 
n'Hults. Thi» calculus is slightly 
soluble in water, abundantly so 
in the pure alkalies. 

It is oxalatt nt iima, and is de* 
composed in the flame of a spirit 
lamp swt.-lling out into a white 
efflorescence, which is fuiek- 

Principally pkowpkata of Uma. 
It is soluble in muriatic acid. 

It is an umfaonxato-magiLaaia-u 
pkoaphate, generally mixed with 
phoHpliate of lime. Pure alka- 
lies decompose ii, extracting its 

A compound of the two fore- 
going species. 

It consists of ey«Cfeoxiife. Un- 
der tlie blowpipe it yiekls a pe- 
culiarly fetid odour. It is solu- 
ble in acids, and in alkalies, 
even if they are fully saturated 
with carbonic acid. 

"Conipimnded of several spe- 
cies. alternnti ng with each other. 

Tlic ingredients are separable 
only by chymical analysis. 


It is the. prwnrailiaf 
specie* ; bat the surfkee 
sometimes occurs line 
ly tuberculated. It fhh 
quently oonslitnlea the 
nuclei of tbe other spe- 

This species iucludes 
some varieties, which 
are remarkably smooth 
and pale-cnioured, re- 
sembling hampaafd. 

This species attaiRS a 
larger sise than any of 
the others. 

n Ji very fhsible, 
melting into a ritreom 

it is a rare spedeai 

I. Renal Calculi, (F.) Cnlcnla rinaux. Those 
have almost alwaj's a very irregular shape: 
at times, tlicre is no indication of their pre- 
sence : at other?, they occasion attacks of pain 
io the kidneys, sometimes accompanied with 
bloody or turbid urine. Often, they cause in- 
flammation of the kidneys, with all its unplea- 
sant results. They are generally formed of urio 
acid, animal matter, and oxalate of lime, with, 
sometimes, phosphates. The treatment will have 
io TMij, iureording to the absence or presence of 

inflammatory signs, — relieving the irritation bj 
opiates. A surgical operation can rarely be ap- 

2. Calculi of the Uretera, (F.) CalcMla dm 
Urit^rea. These come from the kidneys, and do 
not produce unpleasant effects, unless they are 
so large as to obstruct the course of the nrine^ 
and to occasion distention of the whole of tlM 
ureters above Uiem ; or unless their surface is ■• 
rough as to irritate the mucous membrane^ aiiA 
oeeasLon pain, bemorrhage, abscesses, die The 




yfap daring the pasmge, is ■omethuM rerj vio- 
Mtit» eztendiB; to the testicle of the tame side 
In the male; and oocneioning a numbneei of the 
thii^ in both lezea. The treatment conaiBli in 
general or local blood-letting, warm bath, and 

3. Oaiemii, Veneal ; Stone in the Bladdery 
JLUk'ia Yfiea'lie, LitkCaeie cvt'ftea, L\thi*a9i$ 
wmieaUie, (^eto-Uthi'aeie, Ih/twria ealculo'ea, D. 
irrita'ta, Cal'eulue veeCciB, (F.) Caleuh vMcaux. 
These are the most common. Sometimes, they 
proceed from the kidneys: most commonlyi they 
are formed in the bladder itself. Sense of weight 
In the perinsBom, and sometimes of a body roll- 
ing when the patient changes his position ; pain 
or itehiag at the extremity of the glans in men ; 
Creqnent desire to pass the urine ; sudden stop- 
page to its flow; anji bloody urine — are the chief 
ligns which induce a suspicion of their existence. 
We cannot, however, be certcdn of this without 
lonnding Use patient. Sometimes, when of a 
mall size, they are expelled: most commonly, 
they remain in the bladder, the disorganisation 
of which they occasion, unless removed by a sur- 
gical operation. 

4s. Calculi Ure'thraL They almost always pro- 
ceed from the bladder. The obstruction, which 
they cause to the passage of the urine, the hard 
tumour, and the noise occasioned when struck 
by a sound, indicate their presence. They are 
removed by incision. 

5. Calculi of Fie'tulout pa«$age». These arise 
when there is some fistulous opening into the 
vrethra. They can be readily recognised, and 
Buy generally be extracted with facility. (F.) 
C^eule plnefe kora dee voiee urinairee. See Uri- 
uiy CidculL 

Cal'cuu or THS TJ'TEitrs, (F.) Caleuh de 
rUiinuu These are very rare. The signs, which 
hidicate Uiem during life, are those of chronic 
enfforgement of the uterus. Their existence, con- 
aeqaently, cannot be proved till after death. 

CALCULIF&AOUS, LithontripUc. 

CAL'CULOUS, (F.) CalculeuXf OraveUux, 
That which relates to calculi, especially to those 
of the bladder. 

CALCULS BTLIAIRES, Calculi, biliary— 
e. de rE*tomnCf Calculi of the stomach — c. de la 
Olamdc PinSalcy Calculi of the pineal gland — e. 
InieetinauXf Calculi of the stomach and intestines 
— c. LacrjfmanXj Calculi, lachrymal — e, de* Ma- 
mellee^ Calculi of the mammae — r. de VOreiUef 
Calculi in the ears — r. dn Pancrfae, Calculi of 
the Pancreas — c. Plar(» hare dee voive ffrinaire«. 
Calculi of fistulous passages — c. Pulmonaireef 
Caleali. pulmonary — c. Bfnntur, Calculi, renal — 
e. Salirairet, Calculi, salivary — r. Spermntiquee, 
Caloali, spermatic — r. Urinaireft Calculi, urinanr 
— c. dee UrMre9f Calculi of the ureters — c. de 
rUUrme, Calculi of the uterus — c. VMeatut, Cal- 
eali, vesical. 

CAL'CULUS, Lapie, Ltthoe, Xi5of. A dimi- 
native of ealr, a lime-stone. (F.) Cn^cti^, Pierre. 
Calculi are concretions, which may form in every 
part of the animal body, but are most fre- 
qaently found in the organs that act as reservoirs, 
and in the excretory canals. They are met with 
fai the tonsils, joints, biliary ducts, digestive pas- 
•agest lachrymal ducts, mammae, pancreas, pineal 
gland, prostate, lungs, salivary, spermatic and 
vrinarr passages, aud in the uterus. The causes 
which give rise to them are obscure. 

Those that occur in reservoirs or ducts are 
topposed to be owing to the deposition of the 
laMtances, which compose them, from the fluid 
M It passes along the duct; and those which 
m the substance of an organ are regarded 

as the product of some chronic irritation. Their 
general effect is to irritate, as extraneous bodies, 
Uie parts with which they are in contact; and to 
produce retention of the fluid, whence tboy have 
been formed. The symptoms differ, according to 
the sensibility of the organ and the importance 
of the particular secretion whose discharge they 
impede. Their eolution is generally impracti- 
cable: spontaneous expulsion or extraction is 
the only way of getting rid of them. 

Calculus Besoar, Bezoard — c. Dentalis, 
OdontoUthus — c. Encysted, Culeul ehatomU — c. 
Sublingualis, see Calculi, salivary — c VesicsBi 
Calculus, vesical. 

CALDA8, WATERS OF. Caldas is a small 
town, ten leagues from Lisbon, where are mineral 
springs, containing carbonic and hydrosulphurio 
acid gases, carbonates and muriates of lime and 
magnesia, sulphates of soda and lime, sulphuret 
of iron, silica, and alumina. They are much 
used in atonic gout. They are thermaL Tem- 
perature 93° Fahrenheit. 

CALDE'RIiE ITAL'ICJE. Warm baths in 
the neighbourhood of Ferrara, in Italy, much 
employed in dysuria. 

CALE BASSES, Cucurbita lagenaria. 

CALEFA'CIENTS, Cale/acien'tia, Thtrman'. 
liVa, from calidua, * warm,' and /acio, * I make.' 

(F.) Echavffante. Substances which excite a de- 
gree of warmth in the part to which they are 
applied, as mustard, pepper, Ac. They belong 
to the class of stimulants. 

CALEFACTIO, icknuffemenU 

CALENDULA ALPINA, Arnica montana. 

Calendula Abveic'sis, Caltha Arren'eie sen 
officina'lie, W7W Mar'igold, (F.) Souci dee 
Champ*. This is, sometimes, preferred to the 
last. Its juice has been given, in the dose of 
from f^ to f5iv, in jaundice and cachexia. 

Calen'dula Ofpicixa'lis, C. StUi'va, C7<ry- 
ean'themum, Spon*a *oli*f Caltha vulya'ri* / Ver- 
ntca'riaf Single Mar^igold, Garden Mar'igoldf 
(F.) Soueif S. ordinaire. Family^ Synantherese, 
Syngenesia necessaria, Linn. So called from 
flowering every ealend. The flowers and leaves 
have been exhibited as aperients, diaphoreticsy 
Ac, and have been highly extolled in cancer. 


CALENTU'RA, from ealere, 'to he warm.' 
The word, in Spanish, signifies fever. A species 
of furious delirium to which sailors are subject 
in the torrid zone: — a kind of phrenitis, the 
attack of which comes on suddenly after a broil- 
ing day, and seems to be characterized by a de- 
sire in the patient to throw himself into the sea. 
It is only a variety of phrenitis. 

Calentura Continua, Synocha. 

CALENTU'RAS; Palode Calentu'ra*. Pomet 
and L^m^ry say, that these words are sometimes 
applied to cinchona. Camelli says, they mean, 
also, a tree of the Philippine Isles, the wood of 
which is hitter and febrifuge. 


CALICE, Calix. 

CALICES R^NALES, see Calix. 

CALICO BUSH, Kalmia latifolia. 

CALIDARIUM, see Stove. 

CALIDUM ANIMALE, Animal heat— o. In- 
natum, Animal heat 

CALIGATIO, Dazzling. 

CALI'GO. 'A mist' Achlye, (F.) Brouillard. 
An obscurity of vision, dependent upon a speek 
on the cornea: also, the speck itself; Caligo cor*^ 
nea, Mac'ula eomeet., 3f. »emipeltu^cida, Phthar- 
ma caligof C. i nephel'io, Hehetn'do vi*ii*, 0, 4 
Leucr'mati, ITeVula, Opake cornea, Web-«|»» \]P4 




Ca-z^o Lirrrt*. C&sarsi^ — f. PaT--i«. STrf- 
CAlIIUrHA CAXELL-A. Lattu tuffim. 

null a*a.rr 


jr.*"*" i:.:* rtti* 

£re«»«u /'■*■?*"« Br-'r^mw r«*wa. GiAa4'«t n<r«- 
l"c ■«. /:*.-'. Ti.''.:'i B^'n* r<<i*m. T&cij 
t::T.--^r Tir>- 5?*:=; 6 :.j if ir es-rl kii£.«T. 

CALLIF:LEPU'ARUM. fr:ni c.VW?. 'Ua-sTr.' 

CAr.LiCA.VTHT:?. ri!v»c:huf. 

r .KLLl C C C A IPECAC TAN HA, Ipccacs- 

CAT.LIT.EAi?. Pascrnf. 
CALLI'tMAK'.nrs. Tai-ilago. 
CALLIP.EbLl. fr.>Tn ca»»«. -l-eaixtT/ and 

T«4;. r jt*-.;. ■ A ci.:l L' TL« *rt vf l.«Z4t£iz.j^ l««3- 
lif-l '.:.;. ir-L. T}.:* waj thr :I:I* ^ii" a |.-.t31 >t 
Clfcy i r V . : . 1 -rt, ; c 1 '• J 5 : •* Ci'' '/>« ■ 'ui • Ti < •-»'< ^i ■'- 
«'.'<? ^"-x.* ^li-ri'/tf r'l'i'oN*.'* The B::.:b'.<r *b- 
i-r:> •crr-.-c». tha: the l*aa:T i-f cLilirtn i* 
»5*<*-rl 'T •;-.* frr.^fctl'rn? whzfh t-e moiher ex.- 



CALLIPHYLLUM, A*i.!enium trichom*- 

vzyyi, 'T.d'.u.-rk*.' \ c<»gnomen of Venui, owicg 
to L-rr ?^-^an*:ful ca:e*. 

CAL'LITP.Ii? ECKLO'Xr. A South African 
tr*7^f ynt. OrH. Crir.iferae, from the branches 
ao'l c.T.^ of «h!';h a jtjm ^riuif?, iLai r-.-sCit- 
b!«r" G"iro San'larar. This Is fui-o-issfallj u*e«J 
in \\sK f'jrm of faui;,'ai:oDS in g'juty rheuxn:iajm. 
tt'Jemi'oT.' •welling^. Ac 

Cjillitt.:« rrpR/.s5-jii»E*. a common ebrub in 
tL« L^i/i.'-'-'jrliO'jd of Ca^< Town, exudes a simi- 
lar '■i'-UT'-e. 

'^■ALL*.».*ITA?. In'i-xration — c PalpebFamm. 
6<;!er.»^:*>— ^. Ve-fricie. CT«tauxe. 

CALLO-S'ITT, CnUJ'itnt, Sf^yro*, T-^lK T^Jhm. 

lf/mi, I/^rmatolyW*i9» Ifermntot'yfwt, PuruJi^ Er- 
p\j'mn 0*iUh». IIar-!n?<!s iD<luratii>n, and thick - 
ce?« of the »kin, which a^fumt?? a hornv confix i- 
eac*.', in pltur'?'* where it is expttoed to con^tan: 
pr-.--tire. I'F.i DvriUon, Al*o the induration, 
which !»• objK^rved in old woauds, old idcertf, fis- 
toloriii pa^'Hzt^. Ac. 

CALLOCS, C'af/o'fH.. OcA/»oVe», from «!//««. 
<har=Ineii«.' 'F.) Cntltux. That which is hard 
or in'liirate<L .A CaVont ileer u one whose ed^ed 
are thirk and in'hirated. 

CALLr.M PEDLS, In«tep. 

CALLUXA EUICA, Erica vulgaris — c. Tul- 
gar!>. Erica ruljniris. 

C A LLCS. Ca!u0, CanHMf 09ittt*jflu», f F.) 0^^ 
The bonj matter, thrown out between the frac- 
tured extremities of a bone, which actJt as a ce- 
ment. anJ as a new bony formation. The word« 
are. likewise, used occasionally in the same sense 
fts CiiHo-ity. 

CaLLrs Piionno5AL. When the shaft of a 
Ion;: b'»ne has Wen broken throu;rh. and the ex- 
treuiilieB hare been brought in exact jnxtapo!*i- 
tioD the Of V matter, first oasified, is Uuii Which 

>'<-r7=«« lie win a ! p^ntioB of die depod^ nd 
ci .« t^.z.z.vrM -ji-i si44eI!ajTcaTxtaet (^the bnkia 
«: i*. frsL-zz a kird of plug* vkich enten eack. 
T'uii wi.« :-ir7a.M ly M. Impaytren Che |»inr1U 
ei.r^ Cillzf- 

'. . '. Z .V.i y r.r. 5*-iidTei. 

CALJ:E. F. The icceml that fvpantet tb« 
74r:xj*=.* :f an araie «« dunoeie disca^ie. When 
tl^ typ-s id i::terzi:&ei:ly the vord ulc/mMeioii ll 

CALO>reA. CahiabA. 

CAL<>MEL. HTdrarjjri nbmvriw. 

CALi'MEL sfwL^. A term applied to tlit 

p-t^c. fj '!=.&.: h-lixe. eraeuBtiMif oecauoned by 

the :::vnml ':l** -'f «he ax!d chloride of MercBiy. 

. CAL"MELA.\OS TORQUETI, Uydraigyii 

C^loxel.\t:*s TrsQrm. A name gireo by 
. R:T»rlcf i'> i:»rja::Te fillsL prepared with eato- 
zc^!. rslr-hir. aci n*zn cf jalap. — Dictionariet. 
CALf.'MELAS. Hydrargrrisvbmnriast. 
CaLO'>'IA. n >«*!«. An epithet fonnerij 
give- :.-. xTTTh. — HipfioermiesL See Myirha. 
' jrara •i-irac-ira. 
~ CAL'I'P.. H<^t — cAnimalia, Animal best— 
c. Njiriru9. .Acimal heat. 

CALORiriTi.Y.^Calont^'ita*. ThefteoHy 

' r^<»«^?«-e~'i ty Urinz bodies of generating a nifi- 

ci'.-n: <iU%Rti?T •-•f cai>'^r:e to enable them to reiiit 

a:'^--lh?nc cv'.-L and to preserre, at all timet 

. and :r. er^ rr r^krt. a temperatofc nearly eqnaL 

- See .\n:mal Hea:. 

CALORIFA CIEXT. Otfonyioaf, Oifor^. 
i n>ij. C«i«'«>ri"n'a«.- from color, 'beat,* and/aecr«y 
! ■ to make.' Haricg the power of proidaeing 
• heaL Rcl'>.s:ii; to the f-ower of prodocing hcaL 
I CALORIFICA'TIOX. Oi/oiviea'rio» from eo- 
?' -. • h-a:,* cr. 1 .-•* — '". * to be made.' The fonctioa 
, uf pro>tucinr animal heat. 

; CALORJyiSES, from eo/or, «he«f The 
came under which M. Baomee proposes to ar^ 
ran;e all d!«ea«es. characterized by a sensible 
chuL^v ii: lie ^r.aciiiy of animal heat. The tW* 
, I'on'rif «'« form the fir^t class of his Xosology. 
darii. Mu'iar. 

CA L TTE, F. • PiU 'of vn. Anatomiata some- 
times gire the name. Caloitt aponfrrtaiqttey to 
\ the aponeorosij of the occipito-irontAlia musde, 
which covers it externally ; and that of Calotte 
du rrrtH< to the ifh'i -cap. 
i i'nltAU is al>o applied to an adhesive plasto*, 
\ with which the hcrad of a person labouring under 
tinea capitis is sometimes covered, after Uia hair 
j ha« bc«:n i>have'i i.ff. This plaster ia pulled snd- 
; denly and viuicnily off. in order to remove the 
i bulbs i-.f the h.iir. It means, also, a sort of coif 
I m?de of boiled leather, worn by those who have 
I under j^onc the •: pvraiion of trepanning, Ac 
C. \LOT TE hW >>7 HA .VCA\ Condom. 
I CALTHA ALPINA. .Arnica monuna— e. Ar- 
ven^:?. Caltrndulu arvensis— c. Officinalis. Calen- 
dula arven«i« — c. VulcarL*. Calendula officinalia. 
CALTROPS, see Trapa natans. 
CALUM'BA. (•../..!« •^. rn/MMi'6a, C*ilAm*ha^ 
t'Ph. r. S.:'' C:fuml^, RndU C^lumf^, (F.) Oi- 
i luiuK* i>u OVi:r.'«". The root of JitHitjtvr^tAitm 
j j-iliH<i'tiim. CWrMhf9 ftnlma'tu*, indigenous in 
lu'iia ami Africa. Its o<lour is slightly aromatic; 
I ta.«te unpKusuntly 1 ittcr. It is tonic and anti- 
5«?pl:c. D.ise, pr. 10 to 35 *o powder. 

Cai.C^BA. Amekii'AN, Fnut'ra Wnhrri, F. 
rVirr.'-'iiiVn'*!*, /'. '{fiiriMa'ltB, Strer'tia difform'h, 
.nV. Era**'ra, Anrrtmn or Mttriftta ColMmhOf 
Imiinn Ltttvct, YrKoK* CtntioHf GvlJcn Stnlf 
M*'iti-,K vri»if, Pyr*amidf is used in the 
C4L£C£ as t:ie true Culumba. 

CALira. Cmllu* 
CALVA, Cruiiam. 

put«p«ully; tbe ■knll-aapj- 

CA[.%'BR-& PHYSIC, Leptudi* Vir(tiiic*. 

CALVITIES, CWnC'i'u, fkal'acra. Phala- 
m'M, etairiT'iti, 0)>li'wH, DrpUa'lio Oap'- 
itU.fiaUtrB'ma, Madan'tU, Liptvlriek' >a, J/aU- 
■r>i^ Ac, from cahw, 'bkld,' [F.] OI,itit«<U. 
AWna* of hur, particnljU'l; M liia top of, •nd 
hihioA, Of bttiL CalnWUi palptbra'mwi,— 
lea* of lb* etc-luliM. 

CALX. lAma, Oi'n'uni r^rrs, Pn>I<H-'>'<I< d/ 
CaTriim, Cahm-ria pura, (?,) ChaMT. The lime, 
oaptajvd in phiTinie;. should be raceatl^ pre- 
pared bj oitlciDMioD. When italer It epriDkled 

«/ limi, — tba OalBii Hijdrai at the Xdudan phv- 



s. ChloriDftlo, tMt\t 

t, Buuulhi, Uiimutb, 

Cu.1 > Tm«Tii ; lima prapued IWnn ahelts. 
It kM pnbabi; DO mBdiciDiJ kdTknUgei ov< 
(hat prepared from marble. 

Calx OiTHUUATici, Calcia chlaridmn. 

Cu.1 Vivi, Oi'idun <?i>['ri'i'. (^fOj! rcceni, A 
aaw KU, niZ< afto, CaU d OaU eiea, Linr o 
QmtiliKt, (F.) Clou n'H. The utsmal opi 
ntlon of calx riya U eachiratie, bat it ii rarel 
■ ■■ - ■ II I 

if Liquor Calcl 


•nploTed iDtfnialT; ii 

CSanJa'aa AlUpiet, Smti-taiUtii •) 
tknt. An ludigoiaiu pluit; Ordii 
Uiaoaa ; with pnipliab flowan, of ill 
•Ue odonr, wbieh appear from Uari 
na rvol b poaaaaaed of emetic pmpoi 

Hrrtiu fanaphiUala. 

CAU'STEllIA SEPIUM. Coniolmlai teplam 
— a. galdanalla, CodtuIcdIiu loldimeUa. 



taarn i> a imall raaton near Ejli 
departmcDl of ATejron, Fiaooe, nhere tbeie are 
widulou chaljbaatEf. 

CAMARO'SIS, amani'ina, tnm h/>u>i, 
Taultl* Oattra'lia, ruturfinn'Iw Cra'nii. 
fpairfaa of Eraaton of the akoll, In which the fn 
«(Mi an plaoed m ai to form a vault, nith 
bMC nattng on the doia malar. — Ualea, Poo] 

CAJIBDia. A tree of the HoIdcm Iilandi, 
ban Ui« hark of which a kind of som-ieaia ei- 
■ifaa, *faMi kaa b«D highly extolled id djaen- 

~ - ' le reaemblaocB to 


■glum, OanJiu-aiom. It I* called, alio, OMm, 
•III) jfiintu, Oitmmii Oultn, (.'sl^uii'na, Callt, 

>';in. G. ^nnurn'oI'-iE, G. d« Goa, G. </c Jrmi.. 

oorax, Cambist or OamLoge. Ac, IF.) Ooim' 
(Iniic. Or^. Uultifern. A jcllow Jnlce obuined 
from UcbradciMtmn Cattlmjiiiii'dit, ud other 
> of the natural familj OattiTera, but it ii 
iDwn from which of IbeBi the olEciDal oam- 
bo^ is obLainod. It ia irjodoroni, of an orange 
;ellon coIoDr; opa^e and brittle^ fnwtarc, 
drutio catbulla, amelje and utbel. 
1 is lued in riseenl obatnctJuiu aad 
dmpij, and wherever puwerruj bjdragogne sa- 
Uiailies are lequired. Do» from gr. ij to vi, in 
~ iffdert united with calomel, squill, Ac 

CAHtuoU Qvrct, Garoiaia cambogia. 

CAUBU'CA, Camiue'ca mtmbra'la. Bnbou 
and 'anereat uleers, seatod in tbe groio or Dear 
' e genital orgaos.— Parsoelaiu. See Bubo. 

OAMELis. Cneoram tricoocDm. 

CAMERA, Chamber, Famix. Vault— c Cordu, 

ulcar>lium — 0. Oculi, Obambet of the eve. 

CAMERATIO. GamaiDtis. 

CAMF0R06MA, CunpbDiotma. 

CAUIKOA. Cacella alha. 

CAHI8LA FfflTtlB, Chorion. 

CAMISOLE, Wujitccat, alnuL 


CAlfOMILLE F^TIDE, Antfaemfs eolaU— 

Fmanit. Anthemii ootola — c. Romoiiu, Antba- 

is BobUie— c. lUt TnHt^ritr: Anthcnis tineto- 

a — c. Viilgairt, MaUlcaria ebamomilla. 

0AM08IKBS, WATBRH OF. Camuriers ia 

ouitOD, two leagues from Marseilles, whore are 

FO *p[ing:a containing earbonnte of lime, mt- 
~ ibtorida of sudium, Ac Tbe; are porga- 

in skin 


l^nn (0 a boeiad nuirtlive ju 
Mppoaad to originate In the btoi 
Iniisca afoTarj organ, aad produo 


their luoieaae. 

hga Id tb* daparttoent uf BaaKs PjrCnCea, 
Pna*<v whan there are two mineral springs i 
the one ui acidulons ehal^boate. the other lul- 
pboraouji. Tcrapetalure. BJ" to Bll° Fahrenheit. 

CAHBODIA, Canl»>gia. 

CAUBO'QIA, trom Cambodia, in the Eatt 1 

Hat, «h<Te it It obuuDed. Henee, likewlM, 

CbatAa'dia, Oaw^'fittm, Gfubo'gia, Go 

CAHOTEg, Contolvuliit bmalaa. 

Cainpagn* ie io tbe department of Ande, Franee. 
The waters contain sulphate uid cblotoh; drals 
of iiiii(-ri«sia. Tptnpemturo, HO" Pshreuheit. 

CAMPAN'DLA. Diminutlie of UiKBoaa. A 

CiHFiiHTLA Tnitfai'Ltow, Canitrlxiy Brtt or 

CAMl'llOR. fVom Arab. Ca'pfiMr at Kam'p\w, 
Oum'pkura, Oipktru, Oiffa. Co/, Ci>fMT. VojAf- 
n, Auafor, CampMn, C-^pkoT, (F.) Campkn. 
A concrete anbetaoee. prepared, b; diatlllatlon, 
from Lavrat Campiora, Ptr'ta Cam'/ira, an 
indigenous tree of the Eait Indie*. Ordtr, 
Ltarinev. lu odour <s strong and fragrant: it 
in lolatile, net easilj pol veritable ; toxlnre ctts- 
lalline. Soluble in alrobol, ether, oili, vlntgar. 
and sliKhtlj so in water. lu properties are nar- 
cotic, diaphoretic, and sedative. Dote, gr. T. to 
^j. DiMolved In oil or aJeohol. it ii applied 
externallj in rbaumatie pains, brtiisef, sprains, Ac. 

CiHPHnn WiTKH, Mikl«ra CampboiB. 

CAMPIIORA'CEOUS, Campho-v'eiw. Rela- 
ting to or onnlaining camphor j — aa a 'camphor- 
BccMi onell or remedy.' 

LIEN5IUM. Campboroima Mongpeliacii. 

CAMPH'ORATED, Campiara'ha, (P.) Onia- 
phrl. Relating t.. camnhori contunine cam- 
phor; as a campk^raled ifiiiK, a eampkaraUd 


CbnpiLira'la Jbirau'la HU JfoMpe^ea'atMi, H<uie% 




Citmphorot'mn, (F.) Oamphrfe de Montpfllier. 
Fami/if, Atripliceo}. Sex, Sytt, Totnodria Mo- 
noxynia. Thi« plant, as itif name imports, has 
■11 odour of camphitr. It is rcf;arded as diuretic^ 
diupliurotic, ccpliaUc, antispasmodic, Ac. It is 
alito railed CkauuBptu'ci and Stinkiny Qronnd 

C.iMrnonoiiMA Perrxxis, C. Monspeliaea. 

CAMI*UHK, Camphor. 

CAM run K, Camph<irat«l. 

|)hiiru:<nui Monspeliaea. 

tree, twenty to thirty feot hi<;h, which grows in 
Peril, and whose fruit — ptdillu^ of a bright yellow 
colour, and ns large as a moderate-siied apple — 
liHS tin exceedingly agreeable scent, and is one 
of the ingredients in making the perfumed water 
culled inintitrn. — Tschudi. 

CAMPSIS. Flex'io, Gurva'tio, InJIex'io, Bone 
or cartilage, forcibly bont from its proper shape, 
without breaking. — Good. 

Campsis Dp.PRRasio, Depression. 

' crooked,' and pa;((c, ' spine.' A monster whose 
spine ii* crooked. — Uurlt. 

CAMPYLORRHI'NUS; from M^nrrXof, 
'crooked,' and fxy, 'nose.' A monster whose 
nose i.-* crooked. — Gurlt. 

CAMPYLOTIS, Cataclasis. 

CAMPYLUM, Cataclas-is. 

CAML'S, (¥,) Simu9, ne*i'mu9, Simo, Silo, Si- 
7m«. One who has a short, stumpy node. The 
French speak of ^Wx eamu$f * short nose.' 

CANADA BURNET, Sanguisdrba canadensis. 

CANAL, C'awu7»*, UHetim, J/ea'fifS, Poro9, 
Och'rto9, (F.) Conduit, A channel for affording 
pas.«agc to liquids, or solids, or to certain organs. 

Canal, Alimen'tary, ('. Bigett'tive, C*tHa'ii» 
cihn'ritu vel diyt-Bti'vunt Ductut eiba'riu», Tuhut 
aliwenta'rxB sou intetliHo'rum, JJige»'tire Tube, 
Aliitu:nt'arjf Duet or Tube, The canal extending 
from the mouth to the anus. 

Caxal, AaAcn'NOiD, 6\i«a7i» Jiichat*ii, Canal 
of Bichnt. A canal formed by the extension of 
the arachnoid over the transverse and longitudi- 
nal fisisures of the brain, which surrounds the vena 
magna Galeni. The orifice of the canal has 
been termed the Foramen of Bichat. 

CASAL ABTERIEL, Arterial duct — e. de 
Bttithnlin, Ductus Bartholinns — c of Bichat, 
Canal. nrur>hnoid — c. Bullular, of Petit, Oodronnf 
canal — r. Carotidien^ Carotid canal — c. ChUf- 
di"/u'., Choledoch duct — c. Ciliary, Ciliary canal 
— c. of Cotunnius, Aqussdnctus vestibuli — c of 
Fontanu, Ciliary canal — e. Ooudronnf, Godrom»f 
cfiiiaf — r. Ift'ftatique, Hepatic duet 

CwAL, Hv'aloid. a cylindrical passage, de- 
Sf*riU'ii by M. J. Cloquet as formed by the reflec- 
tion of tho hyaloid membrane into the interior 
of lh«- vitreous body around tho nutritious artery 
of ihrt lenM. M. CruvcUhier has never been able 
I'i *•'•'! it, 

Ca.vai.. Inn'sivE, see Palatine canals^-c. InfVa- 
orbiuir, .'^iilKjrbitar canal — c. Inflexe dtt Vot tern, 
poral, Cafftid cAnal — c. Interm4diare de$ ventri- 
th/"*, Aqiiiftduntus Sylvii. 

( : A ••• A I. J -sTr h'ti jr A i^ (-a nn'li* sen Ducfut intea- 
tin't'i.>. 'I Uf. p<,ri.ion of tho digestive canal formed 
\iy tb** in l<'R lines. 

t'.KHKi. t,v jAroBHos, Canal, tympanic. 

Caim., MKi>'i:i.i-ARr. Tho cylindrical cavity 
III tbH iHt'ly or nil aft uf a long bone, which con- 
UJfiM th*i marrow. 

i'.AMAl., N' Ail 41., Lachrymal canal. 
CA^Aii or Ni/«:k. A cylindrical sheath formed 
ftfifind tb« round ligamnntii of the uterus by a 
firo/o/tgMtJoa of ib9 peritoneum into the inguinal 

CAXAL DE PETIT, Godronni eannl^e. 
Pulmu-ttortiquef Arterial duct'~-e. Kachidteiii 
Vertebral canal. 

Caxal or SchIiRXV. A minnte circninr canal, 
discovered by Profesjior Schlemm, of lU-rlin. It 
i.4 i<itunte at the point of uiion of tho cornea and 

Canal, Ppijtal, Vertebral canal — c. Spire^da 
de Cot tenijtffndf Aquocduetus Fallopii — e. de Sl»- 
noHf Ductus salivulis superior — e. Thom^qmtg 
Thoracic duct — c. VetneuXf Canal, venons — e. 
Vulvo-uterine, Vagina — c. dt Wartkonf Daetw 
salivalis inferior. 

Canai^ TrM'pA!nc, Cana'lia tympan'icHt, OumI 
of Ja'v*tb*'*n, A canal which opens on the lower 
surface of tho petrous portion of the temporal 
hone, between the carotid canal and the groove 
for the internal jugular vein. It contains Jacob- 
son's nerve. 

Ca!cal, Venofs, Cana'lit sea Du:tn9 rriuf§im, 
(F.) Canal rrinenx. A canal, which exists unify 
in the fuetns. It extends from the bifurcation of 
the umbilical vein to tho vena cava inferior, into 
which it opens below the diaphragm. At timfl% 
it ends in one of the infra-hepatic veins. It poui 
into the cava a part of the blood, which passsa 
from the placenta by the umbilical vein. AAw 
birth, it becomes a fibro-ccllular cord. 

Canal op WiRsrxa, see Pancroas. 

diploe for the passage of v^s ; so called afUr 
M. Breschet. 

CA5ALE8 CniCFLARES. Scmieimlar canals— 4b 
Cochleae, Scalte of the cochlea— c. Lachrymalci^ 
Lachrymal ducts — c. Membranei rennm, ten Calls 
— c. Tubflcformes, Semicircular canals. 


CANALICULATU8, CanniU, Grooved. 

CANAUCVL£, Gnvoved. 

tritive — 0. Laehrymales, Lachrymal dr.ets — e. 
Limucum, Lachrymal duets — c. Semiciri-ularo^ 
Semicircular canals— c. Vasculosi, Canal 5, nutri- 
tive — c of Bone, see Lacnns of Bone. 

CANALICULUS, diminutive of eanalh, <a 
channel.' A small channel. See Lacnns <.>f Bone. 

CAN A LIS. Meatuji — c. .Arteriosus. Arterial 
duct-^. Bichatii, Canal, arachnoid— c. Canalim- 
latus. Gorget— c. Caruticus, Carotid canal— c. De- 
ferens, Deferens, vas — c. Eminentiie quadrige- 
minflp, Aqnseductus Sylvii^-c. Intestlc^rja, In- 
testinal tube — c. Lachrrmali?. Lachrymal <>r nasal 
duct^— e. Medius. Ai{U{pductui SvlTii— <. Mrdnlla 
Spinalis, see Vertebral c*.>lumn— c. Xervcii? fivtn- 
losus renum, Ureter— «. Orbitte oasalfs. Larbry- 
mal or nasal duct — c. Scalamm c«>niici:r!^ In- 
fundibulum of the cochlear. SemieirvUi'oris ho- 
rizontali?, see Semicirviilar Carols ^- c. ftemieir- 
cularis verticalis posterior, see Semitfirenlar Ca- 
nals — c. Semieireularis verti'.'alis saforior, see 
Semicircular canals — e. Tvmraziicns. Can a!, tym- 
panic — c. Urinarius, Urethra— c. Vidiaauf. Pu* 
rygoid canal. 

CANALS OF HAVER?. Canals, natritiveof 
bones — c. Haversian. Caeals. naomive. of bcnes. 

Canals. Nutritive. C'*n*tU /;r the nurntimt 
of boHe», Duetne nmtrit"*'. Caiuli^'mli r'^fmlo'n 
seu Har^frna'ni, H^r^r'tfan Cai*4»^ 0-"-:h of 
Haven, (F.) Canaux »"*rWct"tfni oo dn Xttritfon 
dee o#, (S>ndmit9 ■o«rm>i"«»*^ "Ml i— fri > M-». The 
canals through which the vessels p«j-i to the 
bones. They are Xuit^i by a very jne i^zaioa of 
compact textnrv. or are frHved in th-? textnra 
itself. There is, zeoe rally, naf Urjr! Bstririnu 
canal in a Ion; b<:'ce. »xcaa«e towaris its Diddle. 

CANAPAOIA. Artfflii*-* TTiI,t»ris- 

of the Canaries cT*n:Iy nrwmble^ thai of Xft- 
\de\nu l^iU «C ^« 'ooitt. hfiw«v«c. id 




•q«abl«, and the acoommodataon for invalids 
much euperior. 

CANARIUM COMMUNE, lee Amjm elemi- 

CANART.SEED, Phalaria Canariaosis. 

CANAUX AQUEUX, wtt Aqueon»--e. Ihrnx- 
•ireulaireSf Samiciroolar canala — e, £faevlateur§f 
j^aculatory dnets — e. NourrteierBf (^als, nuiri- 
tiTe— <. de Nutrition det ot. Canals, nafcritive. 

ing to Bichat, the bonjr canals intended to give 
passage to Yesseb and nerves going to parts more 
or less distant ; as the Cana'Ht Oarot't'etttf Ac. 

canals situate in the diploii', which oonvej Tenons 

CANTAMUM. A miztare of several gums 
and resinsy exported from Africa, where it Is used 
to deterge wounds. Dioscorides calls, bj the 
name caxar«^«v, the tears from an Arabian tree, 
which are similar to mjrrh, and of a disagreea- 
ble taste. He advises it in numerous diseases. 
This name is given, also, to the Anime. 

CANCAMY, Anime. 

CAN'CELLATEB, CaneeUa'tuB, (F.) CancelU; 
from Canrelti, ' lattice- work.' Formed of can- 
celli, as the ' cancellated structure of bone/ 

CANCEL'LI, 'Lattice-work.' The Cellular 
m Spongy Texture of Bcnet, (F.) Tiwm etUuleux; 
eoasistingof nnmerouB cells, communicating with 
each other. They contain a fatty matter, analo- 
gous to marrow. This texture is met with, prin- 
eipaily, at the extremities of long bones ; and 
■one of the short bones consist almost wholly of 

it It allows of the expansion of the extr^mitlet 
of bones, without adding to their weigh't; and 
deadens concussions. 

CAKCEL'LUS, from eaneery <a crab.' A spe- 
oles of crayfish, called the ITroa^ Heir, and Her- 
nard tKe Hermit : which is said to cure rheuma- 
tism, if rubbed on the part 

CANCER, * a crab.' Car'cino9, Lwpta eancro'. 
«iM. A disease, so called either on account of the 
hideous appearance which the ulcerated cancer 
presents, or on account of the great veins which 
surround it, and which the ancients compared to 
the elawB of the crab: called also Carcino'mtu 
It consists of a scirrhous, livid tumour, inter- 
sected by firm, whitish, divergent bands | and 
occurs chiefly in the secernent glands. The 
pains are acute and lancinating, and often extend 
to other parts. The tumour, ultimately, termi- 
nates in a fetid and ichorous ulcer, — Uleut 
eaKcro'mm, It is distinguished, according to iti 
stages, into occult and open; Uie former being 
the scirrhous, the latter the ulcerated condition. 
At times, there is a simple destruction or cKMnon 
of the organs, at others, an enctpkaloid or ecre- 
bri/orwif and, at others, again, a colloid degene- 

For its production, it requires a peculiar di*« 
thesis, or cachexia. The following table, from 
Dr. Walshe, exhiSits the characters of the throe 
species of caf^inoma : 

The use of irritants in cancerous affections ia 
strongly to be deprecated. When the disease ii 
80 situate that excision can be practised, the 
sooner it is removed the better. 


Resembles lobulated eersbral 

Is commonly opake from ils ear* 
liest formatiAn. 

Is of a dirad white colour. 

Contains a multitude of minute 

Is lesB hard and dense than acir* 

It f^u^ntljr (bond in the veins 
issuing m>ra the diseased mass. 

The prediNiiiosnt micraseopical 
teU*mifnl* ara globulsr, not always 
diftinctijr celluisf, aud caudate cor- 

Oecs^ionally attains sn enor- 
BMHia bulk. 

Has been oiiserv«d in almost 
every i ipaue of th<; body. 

y^ry cnmmonly co-ezUts in ttt" 
vera I parts or organs of the same 

L* remarkable Ibr Ils occasional 
va«i rapiitiiy of growth. 

Is IVeqnciitly th«> peat of inslerti- 
tiai hrmorrhage and deposition of 
Marh or bistre-coloured matter. 

When softened into a pulp, ap- 
pears as a dead white nr pink opake 
matter of creamy consistence. 

Saheutaneoiis tiimonrs are slow 
to contract adhesion with the skin. 

Uiofiratcd encephnloid Is fre* 
qnently the seat of bemorrhage. 
followed by rapid fuogotui develop- 

The pffoyrs s s of the disesse after 
ulceration Is commonly very rapid. 

If Is the most common (brm un- 
der whirh secondary cancer exhi- 
bits itself 

Is the species of csoeer mnet fre> 
qasfltly observed in young subjeMs. 


Eesemhies rind of bacon trs- 
versed by cellulo-flbrous septa. 

Has a semi-transparent gtoasi- 

Has a clesr whitish or bluish 
yellow tint. 

Is comparatively ill-supplied with 

Is exceediafly firm and denss. 

Has not been distinctly detected 
in this situstion. 

The main micraseopical consti- 
tuents are justapoaed nuclear cells ; 
caudate corpuscular do not exist 
in it. 

Rarely acquires larger dimen- 
sions than an orange. 

lis seat, as ascertained by obser- 
vation, is somewhat more limited. 

Is not unusually solitary. 

Oidlnarily grows slowly. 

In comparatively rarely the seat 
of these chsnges. 

Besembles, when softened, s yel- 
lowish brown semitransparent ge- 
latinous mniter. 

Bcirrhiis thus situate usually be- 
come* a iherent. 

Scirrhous ulrers much less fin- 
quenlly give rise to hemorrhage; 
and Aingous growths (provided 
they retain the scirrhous charac- 
ter) are now more slowly and less 
sbundsntly developed. 

There is not such a lemarkshle 
change in the rate of progrcM of the 
disease sfter ulceration has set in. 

Is much less common befbre pu- 


Has the appearance of particles of 
jelly inlaid in a regular alveolar bed. 

I'he contained matter is strik- 
ingly iranvparent. 

Greenish yellow is ils predomi- 
nant hue. 

Its vessela have not been sufll- 
etently examined as yet. 

The Jelly-like mmu*r is exceed- 
ingly soft ; s colloid mau is. how- 
ever, firm and resitting. 

The pultaceous variety has been 
delerted in the veins. 

Is eompossd of shells in a state 


Observes a mesn In this respect. 

Has so Air been seen in a limited 
number of parts only. 

lias rarely been met with in more 
than one organ. 

Orows with a medium degree 9f 

Undergoes no visible change of 
the kind. 

Tfas so fkr been observed In adults 




Cakcer Altibolaiiib, Colloid. 

Cancer Aquat'icus, Oan'grenout §tomati^tU, 
Cancrnm Origf Gangranop'tit, Canker of tA« 
moMthf (rangrcwntt tore moHfA, Si9ughing Pkage- 
diB'na of the moutkf Water Canker : called, also. 
Aphtha terpen' tetf Gangrm'na Oritf NiimOf Nomi, 
JVomiM, Pteudoearcino'ma la'biij i^mac'iiei gan- 
grano'ta, Cheiloe'aci, Uloe'aei, Uli'tU tep'tiea, 
Cheilomala'ciOj Scorbu'tut Orit, Stomatomala'eia 
pu'triddf Stomatotep'titf Stomatoneero'tit, Car- 
oun'culiu labio'rum et gena'Tum, (F.) Caneer 
aquatique, Stomatite gangrineute, S, Charbom* 
neutCf Gamgrine de la Boueke, SpkaekU de la 
Bouche, Figarite^ Apkthe gangrineux. Certain 
■longhing or gangrenous uloera of Uie mouth, — 
fo called, perhaps, because they are often accom- 
panied wiUi an afflux of saliva. The disease is 
not uncommon in children's asylums, and de- 
mands the same treatment as hospital gangrene ; 
— the employment of caustics, and internal and 
•sternal antiseptics. 

Stomacaoe — c. Ariolairti Colloid — c Astacus, see 
Caucrorum ohelsB — c. Black, Melanosis — e. Ca- 
minariorum. Cancer, chimncy-sifecpers' — e. Cel- 
lular, Enccphaloid — e. Cfribri/orme, see £noe- 

Cancer, Chivnet-sweepers', Sooiwart, Can- 
eer tnundito'rum, Cancer purgaU/rit in/umie'uli. 
Cancer scu carcino'ma tcroti, Caneer caminario'~ 
rum, Oteheoeareino'maf Otehoearcino'ma, (F.) 
Cancer det Bamoneurt, This affection begins 
with a superficial, painfull, irregular nicer with 
hard and elevated edges occupying the lower 
part of the scrotum. £xtirpatiun of the diseased 
part is the only means of effecting a cure. 

Cancer, Davidson's Remedy for, see Coni- 
nm maculatum — c du Foie, Hipatotarcomit—c 
Fibrous, Sctrrhus. 

Cancer Gale'nt, (F.) Caneer de Galien, A 
bandage for the head, to which Galen gave the 
name cancer, from its eight heads resembling, 
rudely, the claws of the crab. It is now sup- 
plied by the bandage with six che/t or heads, 
which is called the BancUtge of Galen or B. of 
the Poor, 

CANCER DE GALJEN, Cancer Galcnl— o. 
Gelatin ifonn. Colloid — o. Gelatinous, Colloid — c. 
Hard, Scirrhus — o. Intestinorum, Enteropathia 
cancerosa — r. det Intettint, Enteropathia canoe- 
rosa — c. of the Lung, Phthisis, cancerous — c. 
Lupus, Lupus — ^ c. Medullaris, Encephaloid — c. 
Helfloueus, Melanosis — c. Mflane, Melanosis — e. 
Melanodes, Cancer, melanotic 

Cancer, Melanot'ic, Caneer melano^det. Car- 
eino'mn tnelano'det, A combination of cancer 
and melanosis. 

Cancer Mollis, see Encephaloid — c. J/ou, 
Encephaloid — c. Munditorum, Cancer, chimney- 
sweepers' — 0. Ocnli, Soirrhophthalmas— c. Oris, 
6tomacace^-c. Ossis, Spina ventosa— c. Pharyn- 
gis et oesophagi, Lccmoscirrhus — o. Purgaturis 
infumieuli, Caneer, chimney-sweepers' — o. Scir- 
rhosus, Scirrhus — c. Scroti, Cancer, chimney- 
sweepers' — c. Soft, Hwmatodes fungus — c. of the 
Stomach , Gastrostenosis cardiaca et pylorioa— o. 
Uteri, Metro-earcinoma. 

CANC/CREUX, Cancerous. 

CAXCER ROOT, Orobanohe Virginiana, Phy- 
tolacca ducandra. 

CANCEROMA, Carcinoma. 

CAN'CEROUS, ai;wro'»»i«, Caroino'tttt, (F.) 
Cancfreuje. Relating to cancer; as Cancerout 
^Icer^ Cancerout diathetitf Ac. 

CANCUALAGUA, Chironia CMlensis. 

CANGRENA, Gangrene. 
OAN'C&OID, Ot/urv'det, OaneroVdet, Card- 

no'detf CareincHdet, Cbnerol'deiis, from 
and tiioi, 'form.' That which 
cerons appearance. Cancroid is a 
to certain cutaneous cancers hy Alibert: calMi 
also Cheloid or Keloid {x^^^tt '* tortoise^' aaA 
uits, * likeness,') from their presenting a flattfsk 
raised patch of integument resembling tho shsll 
of a tortoise> 

CANCROMA, Carcinoma. 

Cancro'rumf Lapil'li eanero'rutm, Comcrewutu'tm 
At'taei duoiat'ilit, Crab*9 atone» or eyes, Cf,) 
Yeux (Cferevite, Concretions found, pattica- 
larly, in the Cancer At*taem or Cray-tisli. Tbsf 
consist of ourbonate and phosphate of lime, aaA 
possess antacid virtues, but not more than ehalk* 

CANCROSUS, Cancerous, (7AaiMre«M. 

CANCRUM ORES, Cancer Aqnaticn^ Sts- 

CAXDELA, ^oK^ie^c. Fnmalis, Pastil— ti 
Mcdioata, Bougie — c. Regia, Verfaascom aU 

CANDELARIA, Verhascnm nignim. 

CANDI, Candum, Canthnm, Oan'tionf 'whStl^ 
bleached, purified.' Purified and eiystaUiaed 
sugar. See Sacchorum. 

CANDIDUM OVI, Albumen otL 

CANDYTUFT, BITTER, Iberis amara. 

CAKEFLOWER, PURPLE, Echinacea po^ 

CANE, SUGAR, see Baccharnm — e. Swm^ 
Acorus calamus. 

CANELJS, Grooved. 

C A NELL A, see Canella alba. 

Canel'la Alba, diminutive of Canna, 'a reed/ 
so called because its bark is rolled up like a reed. 
Cortex Wintera'nnt tpu'riut, Canella Cnha'na, G 
Wintera'nia, Cinnamo'mvm tUbnm, CorUx Auti' 
tcorbu'tieut, C. Aromat'icut, Cottut corfteo'sM^ 
Camin'ga, Canella of Linnsens, and of Ph. U. 6^ 
Canella Bark, Cnnella, (F.) Canelle on CandU 
blanche, Fautte Ecoree de Winter, £coree Otfrio^ 
cottine, Fam. Magnoliacen. Sex. J^tt, Dodt- 
candria Monogynia. This bark is a pnageDl 
aromatic. Its virtues are partly extraeted bj 
water; entirely by alcohol. It is a stimalan^ 
and is added to bitters and cathartics. 

Canella Cartophyllata, Myrtns caryophyU 
lata— c Cubana, C. alba, Laurus cassia— e. Mala* 
bariea et Javonsis, Laurus cassia. 


CANEPm, (F.) A fine lamb's skin or goatTs 
skin, used for trying the quality of lancets. 

CANICACEOIJS, Furfuraceous. 

CAN'ICiE. Meal, in which there is mneih 
bran. Also, coarse bread ; or bread in which 
there is much bran — Panit Caniea'eeue, 

CANICIDA, Aconitum. 

CAMC'ULA; t\ie Dogttar, from eanit, <a dog,** 
Znpioc. Sirius. (F.) Canicnle, This star, which 
gives its name to the Dogdayt, Diet ennieula'ret, 
because they commence when the sun rises with 
it, was formerly believed to exert a powerful in- 
fluonce on the animal economy. The Dog-days 
occur at a period of the year when there is gene* 
rally groat and opprefslve heat, and therefore-^ 
it has been conceived — a greater liability to dis« 

CANfF, Knife. 

CAXLV, Canine. 

CANINAN^ RADIX, Cainca radix. 

CANINE, Cani'nut, Cyn'irut, Kvvtgtf, from 
eanit, * a dog.' (F.) Canin. That which has m 
resemblance to the structure, Ac, of a dog. 

Canine Fossa, Fotta C<Mni'na, In/ra-orbiUtr or 
iSttlorbitar /oMa, (J£,) ioMc Camut, A 




deprenioii on the saperior mAxillary booe, above 
the den» cauinm*, which giTes attachment to the 
cemiuHM or Uvotor anguti orU mutele. 

Caitikb Laugh, Sard€m'ie lauyhf Bi9H9 Cnn^- 
ntu eeu Sardom*ieu§ ten Sardo'nitUf R, de Sardo*- 
R. tHVutuHta'riiu, R, 9pa§'tiefUf Tortu'ra 


Orim, DUtor'tio Oria, Otiaa'MHtf Sardi'aait, Sar 
dom^wns, Triamtu SardouUtua tea eyn'ictUf Spa»-^ 
MiM MiMcif/arttM/aetet tea eyH*icu*, Protopoapas'" 
mMt, (F.) RtM canin, R, Sanioniquef R. Sardonietif 
JK. mtoquenr. A lort of laagh, the facial ezpres- 
aion of which Ib produced parUcularly by the 
epoemodic contraeUon of the Cuuinw muscle. 
Probably, thie ezpreMion, ae well aa Cynic SpomOf 
Soatmut eaninut seu eyn'iciMy Contm'tio canVna^ 
Triamut cym'ietUf may haTC originated in the re- 
semblance of the affection to certain movements 
in the npper lip of the dog. The Rima Sardon'- 
ieua is said to have been so called from similar 
■ymptoms having been induced by a kind of Ra- 
Biinealns that grows in Sardinia. 

Cakikb T»th, Danita Cani'ni, Gynod&H'taa, D. 
Lamia* rii, D, amgnWraaf evapida'tif eolumeUa'rea, 
oemia*rtaf mordan^Ua, Sya Teeth, (F.) DeHta ea- 
nimaa, laniairea, angulaireaf oeidairea, <iniUrea on 
eouolde: The teeth between the lateral incisors 
and small molares, of each jaw ; — so named be- 
owue they resemble the teeth of the dog. 

CANIKUS, Levator angnli oris — c. Sentis, 
Kosa eanina— e. SpasnuSi see Canine Laugh. 

CANIRAM, StrychnoB nuz vomica, 


CANIRUBUS, Rosa eanina. 

CAXIS INTERFECTOR, Veratrnm sababiDa 
— ^. Ponticns, Castor fiber. 

CANIT"IBS, from eaaiM, * white.' WhUeneaa 
or ^rayneaa of ike hair, and especially of that of 
ttie head, f F.) Oanitie, When oocurring in con- 
pequenee of old age, it is not a disease. Some* 
tines, it happens suddenly, and apparently in 
consequence of severe mental emotion. The 
eaoses. however, are not clear. See Poliosis. 

CAXKER, Stomacaoe— c. of the Mouth, Can- 
cer aquatious— «. Water, Cancer aquaticus. 

CANNA, sea Tons-les-Mois, Cassia fistula, 
Traehea— ^. Braehli, Ulna~-e. Domestica cruris. 
Tibia— c Fistula, Cassia fistnla-HS. Indica, Sa- 
gittarium alexipharmaeum — e. M^or, Tibia — 
c Minor, Fibula, Radius— 'O. SoluUva, Cassia 

CAXNABIN, Bangue. 

CANNAB'INA, from xavwafiit, 'hemp.' Reme- 
dies composed of Cannabis Indica. — Pereira. 

CAynsAMVKA A9UATioA,Enpatorium cannabinum. 

CANNABIS INDICA, Bangue. Bee,also, 
Cbnrros, and Onnjah. 

CAyKAsn 8 ATI' V A, (F.) CAaners, Chamhrte» 
The seed of this — ffempaeed, Sam'ina Can'neMa, 
(¥.) Chineria, is oily and mucilaginous. The 
dseoctaon is sometimes used in gonorrhoea. 


CANSAMELLE, see Sarcharum. 

CANNE AROMATIQUE, Acorus calamus^ 
«. Omtgo, Costus — e, da Riviire, Costus -^ e. d 
Suara, see Saccharum. 

OANNEBERQE, Vaeoininm ozyooccos — e. 
pQMetuia, Vacdninm vitis idssa. 

OANNELi ou CANBLi, (F.) from eanalia, 
*% canal:' Stdea'tita, Stria* tma, OanalicnlaUua. 
Having a canal or groove — as MuaeU eanneU 
(Licntaud,) the Gemini; Corpa cannaUa ou atriia, 
the Corpora striata; Sonde eanneUe, a grooved 
sound, Ac. See Grooved. 

CANNBLLE, Lanms oinnamomum — c. 
Blanthe, Caaella sJba — e. de la China, Lanms 
aassia — c. iU Cbromaadal, Laurus cassia — e. 
Stmate, Laums eassia--^. Gir^JUe, Myrtus eary- 

ophyllata-^. dee Tndea, Laurus cassia — e. deJawOf 
Lanms cassia — e. tie Malabar, Laurus cas8iSr~-«. 
Matte, Laurus cassia — e. OjflcinaU, Laurus cin* 
namomum — e. Poivrie, see Wintera aromatica. 

CANNULA, Canula. 


CANOPUM, see Sambucus. 

CANOR STETU0SC0PICU8, Tititement m^ 

CANTABRICA, Convolvulus Cantalmca. 


CANTARELLU8, Meloe proscarabssus. 


tHarien'kea, The waters of Canterbury in Kenty 
England, are impregnated with iron^ sulphur, and 
parbonic acid. 

CANTRRIUM, Cantherius. , 


CANTHARIDINE, see Cantharis. 

CAN'THARIS, fmm ravdapor, ' a scaraft^sut /' 
Muaca Hiapan'iea, Mel'oi vtaieatof riua, Cantharia 
aeaieato'ria, Lytta veaieato'ria, Bliatering Flu, 
Bliatarfly, BliattrheeUe, Spaniah Fly, Fly, (F.) 
CatUharidea, Mwiehea, M. d^Eapaane, This fiy 
is much employed in medicine. It is the most 
common vesicatory. Given internally, and even 
when absorbed from the skin, it affects the uri* 
nary organs, exciting strangury. This may be 
prevented, in cases of blisters, by interposing be- 
tween the blistering plaster and skin a piece of 
tissue paper. Diluents relieve the strangury. 
Dose, half a grain to one grain. If kept dry, the 
flies will retain their activity for many yean. 
Their active principle, Can'tharidin, Cantharidi^' 
na, has been separated from them. 

CAXTRAiiifl Vittata, Lytta vittata. 

CANTHE^RIUS, Cante'rium, The cross-piece 
of wood in the apparatus used by Hippocrates for 
reducing luxations of the humerus. 

CANTHI'TIS. Inflammation of the caathui 
of the eye. 

CANTHOPLAS'TICE, from cav5««, * the angle 
of the eye,' and wXaeriKos, 'formative.' Ths 
formation, by plastic operation, of the angle of 
the eye. 


CANTHUS, Epican'thia, An'ffulua oetda'rta, 
Fona taehryma'rum. The comer or angle of the 
eye. The greater eanthna is the inner angle, 
Hireua, Hir'quua, Rhanter / the leaaer eanthuap 
the outer angUy Paro*pia, Pega. 

CANTIA'NUS PULVIS. A cordial powder, 
known under the name ' Counteaa of Ken^a pow^ 
dar,' composed of coral, amber, crab's eyes, pre- 
pared pearls, Ac It was given in cancer. 


CAN'ULA, Can'nula, Au'liaena, Auloa. Di. 
minutive of Oanna, 'a reed;' Tu'bnlna, (F.) 
Canula ou Oannule. A small tube of gold, silver, 
platinum. Iron, lead, wood, elaetic gum, or gutta 
pereha, used for various purposes in surgery. 

CA'OUTCHOUC. The Indian name for /». 
dian Rubber, Eftta'tie Oum, Oum Elaatic, Gummi 
efcta'tieum, Cauehue, Reai'na elaa'tica scu Cayen^ 
nen*aia, Cayenne Reain, Cfiutehue, A substance 
formed from the milky Juice of Hm*vea seu Ifevea 
Ottianen'aia, Jat'ropka elaa'tica seu tSipho'uia 
Gahuehu, S. ela^tiea, Fieua Indica^ and Artocar'- 
pua integri/oHia :— South American trees. It is 
insoluble in water and alcohol; but boiling water 
softens and swells it. It is soluble in the es- 
sential oils and in eth»f, when it may be blown 
into bladders. It is used in the fiftlMication of 
catheters, boogfes, pessaries, Ac 

CAP, PITCH, see Depilatory. 

CAPA-ISIAKKA : 'Rromelia ananas. 

CAPBERN, WATERS OF. Capben it b 




|1i« deportment HMitea-Pyrtetes, Fnmee. The 
irateri contain BoIphAiee and carbonates of lime 
and magnesia, and chloride of magnesium. Tem- 
perature, 75° Fahrenheit They are pnrgadTe. 

CAPE LET, Myrtos oaryophyllata. 

CAPELrNA, CapelU'na, (F.) Capeline ; A 
Wonmn't Hat, in French ; Capit'trum, from eaputf 

* head.' A sort of bandage, which, in shape, re- 
sembles a riding-hood. There are several kinds 
of C\tpeline9, 1. Thai of the head, C, de la tiU, 
Fati'cia eapila'lh. See Bonnet d' Hippoerate. C, 
of the cUwicUf employed in fractares of the acro- 
mion, clavicle and spine of the scapula. C. of an 
wnputattd limb — the bandage applied round the 

CAPELLINA, Capelina. 

CAPER BUSH, Capparis spinosa. 

CAPER PLANT, Euphorbia lathyrif. 

CAPERS, see Capparis spinosa. 

CAPET US, Imperforation. 

CAPHORA, Camphor. 

CAPHURA, Camphor. 

CAPILLAIHE, capillary, see Adiantom 
capillus ▼eneris — e. du Canada, Adiantum pe- 
daium — e. de MontpeUier, Adiantum capillus 

CAPILLAMEN'TUM, from Capillm 'a hair,' 
CkipUlit" ium, Trieho'ma, Trtehoma'tion, Any 
Tilious or hairy ooTcring. Also, a small fibre or 

CAP'ILLART, CapiUa'ri; Capilla'eew, from 
eapiUu9f 'a hair.' (F.) Capillatrt. Hair-like; 

Cap'illart Yessbls, Va4t» eapiUa'ria, (F.) 
FatMeaujc enpillaire*, are the extreme radicles 
of the arteries and veins, which together consti- 
tute the capillary, intermediate, or peripheral 
iraecular •y«<eiN,— -the metha^mata or meth<Bmat- 
ouB blood channels of Dr. Marshall Hall. They 
possess an action distinct from that of the heart 

CAPILLATIO, Trichismus. 


CAPILLITIUM, Capillamentam, Entropion, 


CAPIL'LUS, ({UtiSiCapitiePilue, Coma, Chati, 
Crinie, Pilve, Thrix, Ctena'riee, (F.) Cheveu, 
^ This term is generally applied to the hair of the 
head, Pili seu Honor cap'itie, the characters of 
which vary, according to races, individuals, Ae, 
Hairs arise in the areolar membrane, where thf 
bulb is placed, and are composed of two parts — 
one, external, tubular, and transparent, of an 
epidermoid character; the other, internal and 
9ui ffenen'a, which communicates to them their 
eolour. The hair is insensible, and grows from 
the root 

Capillus Yexeris, Adiantum capillus veneris 
^-<$. y. Canaden!<is, Adiantom pedatum. 

CAPIPLE'NIUM, Capitiple'nium, from caput, 

* the head,' and/>/e»ttiii, ' full.' A word, employed 
with different significations. A variety of catarrh. 
— Schneider. A heaviness or disorder in the 
head common at Rome, like the xopv/Ja^a, Ocire- 
baria, of the Greeks. — Baglivi. 


CAPISTRUM, Capeline, Cheveetre, Trismus— 
e. Auri, Borax. 

Capis'trdm, Phimoe, Cemoe, nifus, 'a halter.' 
This name has been given to several bandages 
for the head. — See Capeline, Chcveetre, 

CAPITALIA REMEDIA, Cephalic remedies. 

CAPITALIS, Cephalic 

CAPITELLUM, Alembic, see Caput 

CAPITbUX, Heady. 

CAPITILU'VIUM, from eap^u, 'the head,' 
ind lavQrt^ ' to wa4h.' A b»th for the he«4. 

CAPITIPLENIUM, Capiplenium. 

CAPITIPURGIA, Caput porgia. 

CAPITITRAHA, from eaj>wr, ' the head,' «i4 
trahert, * to draw.' Instruments which, like the 
forceps, draw down the head of the foetos when 
impacted in the pelvis. 

CAPITO'NBS, from caput, Uhe head.' ifis- 
eroeeph'fUi, Proceph'alL Foetuses whose headf 
%re so large as to render labour difficult 

CAPITULUM, Alembic, Condyle, see Caput-* 
c. CostsB, see Costa — e. Laryngis, Conii<mlnfl| 
laryngis — c. Martis, Erynginm campeetre — 9, 
Santorini, Comicnlum laryngis. 

CAPITULUVIUM, Bath, (head.) 

CAPNISMOS, Fumigation. 


CAPNOIDES CAVA, Fnmaria bulboM, 

CAPNORCHIS, Fumaria bnlbosa. 

CAPNOS, Fumaria. 

CAPON, Oagot, 

CAPON SPRINGS. A pleasant sirmmer to. 
treat, situated in a gorge of the North Mountain, 
in Hampshire co., Va., 23 miles W. of Winchester 
The waters in the vicinity are sulphurous and 
chalybeate; — those at the springs alkaline and 

CAPOT, Oagot, 

CAP'PARIS SPINO'SA, Capfparie, Oappmr, 
Ca'pria, Priehly Oaper Bueh, (F.) CHprier. Fa- 
mily, Capparidese. Sex. ^«f. Polyandria Mono- 
gynia. The bark of the root, and the buds, 
have been esteemed as^ngont and dinretiei 
The buds are a well known pickle. — Oaper; (V.) 

Capparis Baduc'oa, BaduVka, A speeles of 
caper, eultivuted in India on aeeount of the 
beauty of its flowers. The Orientals make a 
liniment with its juice, with which they rub 
pained parts. The flowers are purgative. 

the isle of Isohia, are waters eontaiaing cari>oiiata 
of soda, chloride of sodium and earbo&ata of lime^ 
Temp. 100® Fah. 

CAPREOLA'RIS, ftt>m capreolut, 'a tendriL' 
dudidee, Elieoldee, (F.) CaprMaire, Twisted. 

Caprrola'ria Vasa. Some have called thus 
the spermatic arteries uid veins, on account of 
their numerous contortions* 


CAPRES, see Capparis spinosa. 

CAPRI A, Capparis spinosa. 


CAPRFBR, Capparis spinosa. 

CAPRIPOLIA, Lonieera periclyraennm. 

periclymenum— c. Pcriclymenum, Lonieera peri- 
clymennm — c Bylvaticum, Lonieera pericly- 


CAPRIZANS PULSUS, see Pulse, capriiant 

CAPSA, BfAte, Capsule, Case— c. Cordis, Peri- 



CAPSICUM, see Capsicum annnum. 

Cap'siovm An'Huuif, frwn nirrw, *I bite* The 
systematic name of the plant whence Cnyennc 
Pepper is obtained, — Piper In'dievm seu i7f«- 
pan'icum, Soia'num urene, Sili<fua9*trum Plin'ii, 
Piper *Braailia'num, Piper Ouineen'et, Piper Cn- 
lecu'ticum. Piper Tur'cicum, C. Hiepan'ieum, PU 
per Lueitan'ieum, Cayenne Pepper, Owin'ta Pep* 
per, (F.)Piment, PoivretFJnde, Poiwe de OuinSe, 
Corail dee Jardine, The pungent, aromatic pro- 
perties of Baee€B Capeici, Capeieum Btrriee, (hp* 
•ieum (Ph. U. S.), are yielded to ether, alcohol, 
aad water. They »re highly stimulant and rab*-> 




Ibdent, and an uwd aa a condiment. Their ao- 
tive prlociplo ia called Capnein, 

Capsicum HispAmcuv, Capsioam annanm. 

CAMS/QUS, Caprienm annuam. 

CAPSITIS, fee Phaeitu. 

C APSVLA, BoUier — e. Artioularu, Captalar 
Uf^ament — o. Cordis, Perioardium — c. Dentis. 
Beotnl follicle — e. Lentia, aee Cryitalline — e. 
Kervonim, Nearilemma. 

Sjooriales, Barsn mttcoMB. 

CAPSO'LA/HE, Capeular. 

CAPSULAR, CapttOa'ris, (F.) Cap9ulaire, 
Relating to a capsula or capsule. 

Capsular Artebics, Suprare'nal ArUrie§ and 
Veims, Vessels belonging to the soprarenal cap- 
■nles;. Thejr are divided into superior, middle, 
and inferior. The first proceed from the inferior 
phrenic, the second from the aorta, and the third 
from the renal artery. The corresponding veins 
alter Uie phrenic, vena eava» and renal. 

Capsular Lto'AKBRT, Lvfameu'tum eap9ula*ri, 
Oap'gula artietUa*ri§, ArtiefuUtr tap^uUf Fibrout 
eapBtiie, (F.) Ligament eaptulairt, CapnUe arti- 
emiaire, Capanle Jlbreux, Ac Membranons, 
flbrons, and elastic bags or capsnles, of a whitish 
consistence, thick, and resbting, which surround 

CAPSULB, Cap' aula, Capw, a box, or case, 
(F.) Captuie. This name haa been given, by 
anatomists, to parts bearing no analogy to each 

Capsulr, Crllular, or tkr Ers, see Eye. 

Capsulr, Fibrous, Capsular ligament. 

Caps u lb, Oblat'isoub, Cap^ntla gelafinm, 
CapnU of gefatin. A modem invention by 
which copaiba and« other disagreeable oils can 
be enveloped in gelatin so as to oonoeal their 

Capsulb or Gussoir, Oap'tula GLisso'mi, C, 
•oaHRy'ntc Gusso'Bn, Vngi'na Porta, V, GlIS- 
BO'sn. A sort of membrane, described by Glis- 
aon, which is nothing more than dense areolar 
membrane surrounding the vena porta and its 
Bamiftoations in the liver. 

Capsulb or turn Hbart, Cbp'««2o eoniit. The 

Capsulb, Ocular, see Eye. 

Capsule, Rbnal, Snprar^nal or Atrahil'- 
inry (7., Renal Qland, Olan'dnla tuprarena'lit, 
Oaip*atUa rena'lie, euprarena'lie vel atrahilta'ris, 
Hen eueeenturia'tnt, Nephrid'ium, (F.) CapndM 
tmrinaU on atrabiliaire, A flat, triangular body, 
which coven the upper part of the kidney, aa 
with a helmet A hollow cavity in the interior 
eontains a brown, reddish or yellowish fluid. The 
renal capsules were long supposed to be the seere- 
Wry organs of the fancied atrabiiis. They are 
much larger in the footus than in the adult 
They are probably concerned in lymphosis. 

Capsule, Seh'inal, Cav'ttUa •eminaflU. Bar- 
niOLiBB thus designates the extremity of the vaa 
deferens, which is sensibly dilated in the vicinity 
of the vesiculm seminsies. Some anatomists ap- 
ply thia name to the vesiculse themselves. 

Camulb, Stxo'yial, CapeiUa Synctna'lie, A 
membranous bag, surrounding the movable arti- 
culations and canals, which gives passage to ten- 
dons. Synovial capsules exhale, from Uieir arti- 
eular surface, a fluid, whose function is to favour 
the motions of parts upon each other. See Bursa 
mucosa, and Sjmovia. 

BlLfARE, Capsule, renal. 

CAPSULITIS, see Phadtla. 

CAPUCHON, Trapeiius. 

CAPUCJNE, Tropmolum mi^Bf. 

QAPULIES, Prusut eapolia. 

CAPULTJS, Scrotum. 

CAPUT, ' the head.' Also, the top of a bona 
or other part> (F.) Tiu, The head of small 
bones is sometimes termed eapit'nlnm, capitell'vm, 
cephalid'ium, eeph'alie, eepkal'ium. Also, the 
glans penis. 

Caput Aspbrjb Artxrijb, Larynx — c. Coli, 
CsBoum — c Gallinaceum, see Gallinaginis caput 
^-0. Gallinaginis, see Gallinaginis caput — c. Ge- 
nitale, Glans^-c. Lubricum, Penis — o. Monachi, 
Leontodon Taraxacum — c Obstipum, TorticolUa 
— c. Penis, Glan». 

Caput Pur'oia, Capttipnr'gia, RemedieSi 
which the ancients regarded as proper for purg- 
ing the head :— ^rrAttie*, «fem«(aton>f, apophUg- 
matieantia, Ac Prosper Alpinns makes the caput 
purgia to be the same aa errhines; and the apo» 
pklegmaiUmi the same as the masticatories of 
the moderns. 

Caput Scapula, Acromion. 

Caput Succbda'bbum. A term sometimes used 
for the tumefied scalp, which first presents in cer- 
tain oases of laboor. 

Caput Testis. Epididymis. 

CAQUE'SANO UE, Cague^eangue, Old 
French words which signify Bloody evacuation*, 
(F.) Dijeetione eanguinolentee. They come from 
eaeare, *U) go to stool,' Bad eanguia, 'blood.' Un- 
der this term was oomprehended every affection, 
in which blood is discharged from the bowels. 

CARA SCHULLI, Frutex In'diene epino'eue, 
Barle'ria huxi/o'lia, A Midabar plan^ which, 
when applied externally, is maturatire and resol- 
yent The decoction of its root is used, in tho 
country, in ischuria. 

CARABAC'CIUM. An aromatic wood of In- 
dia, of a yellowish colour, and a smell like that 
of the dove. Its decoction and infusion are 
given as stomachics and antiscorbutics. 

CAR'ABUS. A genus of coleopterous injects. 
Two species, the ckryeoeephfalue Kad/errugin'eue, 
have been recommended for the toothach. They 
must be pressed between the fingers, and then 
rubbed on the gum and tooth affected. 

CARACT£rE, Character, Symbol. 

CARAGNA, Caranna. 

CARAMATA, Arvmari, A tree in the inUnd 
parts of Pomeroon. It ftimishes a febrifuge bark, 
which Dr. Hancock says may be need in typhoid 
and remittent fevers where cinchona is either 
useless or pernicious. 

CARAMBOLO, Averrhoa carambola. 

CARAN'NA, Caragna, Taeamahaca, Caragna, 
Caran'mB Oummi, Q, BrtViei; Oum Caran'na, 
(F.) Caragne, Oomms Caragne ou Carane. A 
gum-reslnous substance, which flows fi'om a large 
tree in New Spain, aod is obtained from South 
America in impure masses. It preserves its soft- 
ness for a long time, has an aromatic smell, and 
a slightly acrid and bitter taste. It was formerly 
used as a vulnerary and In plasters. 

CARAWAY, Carum. 

CARBASA, Linteum. 

CARBASUS, Linteum. 

CARBO, Carho Ligni, CkareoaJ, (F.) Charhon, 
Fresh Charcoal is antiseptic. It is used to im- 
prove the digestive organs in cases of worms, 
dyspepsia, Ac. ; as a cataplasm to gangrenous 
and fetid ulcers, tinea, Ac, and forms a good 
tooth-powder. Dose, gr. x to 3J. Also, Anthrax. 

Carbo Amif a'lis, Cfarbo tamie. Animal char, 
eoal, (F.) Ckarhon animal. In Uie Pharmaco- 
pceia of the United States, it Is directed to bo 
prepared IVom bones. It Is given in the sama 
oases as Carbo Ligni, and has been extolled la 
cancer. Dose, gr. ss. to gr. iy. 

The Pbarmacupmia of tho United Btatei eon 

CABBOir 11 

Miu > fomiDla Tor ths pnpnntian af Ci.nBO i 
Ahiha'lir Pdiupici'tdr, Purified cm'mal tlnr. 
aoal ('hrben, animoL lb] ; Arid murial,, AqiHr 
U rttii.) Punr Hit mnriatig acid, preTJoiiil]' 
nixed irilh ths vaUr, gndonllj upoa Ihc cbv- 
"'"''■ ""■"'■ gentle beat for two dsya, 

»n.l1j . 

1 th( 

ture. Having al- 

inrliaaalted portion 
jMrnaunt liquor, wa«b the charcoal fte- 
'itli water until It ia eatireljr int from 
limtlj dry it. 
" "' iiiJnmiroi, 6ton« coaL 


The hi 

Cinno LroKi, Caibo — o. Hineralig, Graphitra 
— c Palpelvarum, Anihraoolia — a. SpoDgia, 
Bpnnxia uHta. 

■rtqui-iodidum — c Bicolphuret of, Carbosli in!- 
phuretiim— cSulphurator,Carbomiaulphuntuin 
a. Ti^rvhtnrids of, Chlorofonn. 

CAR'BONAS or CABBO'HAS. A carhamlt. 
(F.) CnrbBKiiU. A lalt, funnad b; the eombins- 
tion of carbonio acid with a aaliflable base. 

Carbikas NATKCCt'H, Sodn carboam. 


r, Airs 

'. (F.) 

VAUIIOXH. Carbonated. 


CAKBON'IC ACID, AefidaK Oarhon'iean 
Solid Air of Hnltt. FanilioH, Air, Fixtd Air 
O'rionn'crou Arid, Oifca'reow Atid. Airin 
Add, Mcplilt'it Aeid, Spir'ilt$ UHa'lit, (F. 
Add' Cariaaiqtt. Thii giu, wbioh neither eop 
porta rftpiraliun nor Eombaotion, ia not oftci 
u«ed In niEdjcina. It ia the main agent in effer 

— whvn it ia called tho ckott damp — cavemi, 
tomix, wells, btancis' vati, Ae., and not anfre- 
quently hna been the eaoaa of death. Lime 
thrown into aneh plaeei aoon abgorlw tlie add. 

lod-re'lum, Saqti-Pididc or Snqui-Iad'nrfl of 
Carboit. Thiji ia made by miiing conceDtrated 
■Icobnllo soluliona of Iodine and potaisa, ootil 

fron which watPT throwa down a yellow prepipi- 
t&te — the Beaqul'iodida of carbon. It haa been 

affecUong, applied eatemally, (^aa (o ^vj of 

CAnBn'<tTB Ei;i,FHiini'ttiu, Svlpkun'tml Car- 
Wnil, S-rfidHm Onrbo'mi. Citrba'-iinm Sslphv- 
ra'lHui, Al'cnkni Sui'pliurii, Bitulphan/lax tior- 
io'ni>. SnlpUnl af Cartea, Bit^pk,trwt of Car- 
bon, Carhvrrt of Sulpkfr, {F.)Sfl/uridt OarhoTt. 
Thia trangparcDt, colourleaa fluid, which haa a 
very pcnctraliiig, diaaKreaable odonr, and a taata 
*thii'h ii cooling at Sral, but afterwarda acrid and 
eouii>whnt aromalie, it a diffnaibla oicilant. It 
i« diiiplioretic, dturetio, ujd haa been aaid to have 
proved eumcnagogna. It ii alto need in Dorveui 
dlaeuiea at an antiapatmodlo. Doae, ona dnip 1« 
four, repeated frequently. 

Itiauiad eitcrnally, where a cooling Inltaanea 
hat to lie rapidly eiertad, and bai bean inhalod 


CARB1I.\CI,S, Anthrai — & FangODa, Ter- 
tnmlhiu — c of (he Tongna, GleiaaoUirax — a. 
Sprry, Teminlhu*. 

CARBUNCI.ED FACE, Ontta nwea. 



CARBmCFLUS, Anthru- 
'ynanche maligna — e. CcmUgiatui, ica Aotkims 
-c. Gallicua, ace Anthnx — o. Hnngariciu, n« 
Anthrax — o. Labionim at genarain. Cancer aqnb 
ticDB — c Polonlcaa, aee Anthrax — c. PolniDBn^ 
Secropneatnonia — e.Septenlnona]is,aeeAnthTaB. 
CARBDii'cui.cB RuBi'ncB. A Ted, abioing, anl 
trantparont ilDne, tna the Ilia of Ceylon ; tir- 
' ' employed In toadlclna M a praatrratiT* 
Bgiunnt aavcrHl poitont, the plague, Ac 

Cabbukculci Dlcdicdloidi, Cynancfaa ma- 

CAR'CABOS, (h>m nfmpa, 'IrcMinDd,' 'I 
tremble.' A ferer, in wbich tb* paUent lua a 
general tremor, aceompaoled wltli aa ■BGnag 

CARCINODESr Cancroid, (7A«Mr«— e, 
CARCINO'MA, Omriro'iia, Cbaen/Ma, frga 
piinc, 'acrab.' Soma anlhon hare thna eilM 
dolent tamoura diBerent bom eanear; otbMI, 
cipient cancer; and alhera, again, tha iptclH 
' cancer in which the affected itnietnra aaanvai 
Ibe appenranoa of cerebral auhgtanca; bat tb* 
majorltj of anthora oae Careinoma in ths na* 

Colloid— o-nhnlTOi^ 

Ficirrbua — c Hnmatodea. Hsmatodei fimgna — t. 
Inteatiaoram, EnUropathia canceron ~ e. U*. 
gus, aioBiocarcinoma — c. of the Liier, Uepato- 
acirrhna — c. Hedullare, Encephilold — e. Halb. 
nodca, Cancer, melaaatio— o. Helanotlcnm, Ha. 
lanoait — e. Simplex, Scirrhni — e. BpongioasM, 
Encephaloid, Ilamalodei fungni — ct Scroti, Cam. 
car, chimney-aweepen' — e. Uleri, Hetrocardu*- 
ma, Uetroaeirrhua — e. Ventrieuli.aaBtnHciTrhai; 

CARCINOM'ATOUS. Relatioj; to Cinnr. 

cephtloid — e. Savgiant, Eneepbiloid, Hsm^ 
matodei Aingnt. 


CARCINO'SES, (G.) Karainoien, Avm aw 
ii»t, 'a orah.' A family of dieeaaea. ■ 
to the clatiiflcation of Fucha ; which e 
the different forma of Cancer. 

CARCISOSUB, Cancerona. 

CARcrSCS SP0SGI0SU8, Encephaloid. 

CARDAMAIiTICA,.Cardamine pratenaii, L*. 

CAHDAMISE FONTAKA, Siaymhrinn ta»- 

turlinm— e. Natlurtium, Siaymbrium naatHrtiom. 
Cahdaxi'iI Phateb'bu, CardaiPwt, Oanlm- 
man'tica, ?iattur*livm Aquat^ititm, f^tr'damamf 
Ctii fim, Ibt'rit tapk'ia, A'aitur'Hum ptam'il, 
Ladiei-nnock, Ciirtno-finutr, Common Bitur 
Orm, (F.) Crcao* il/gani, Crt—on dtt prtt, Pat. 
ttragt taucagi. Ord. Cmelfeia. Tha Boven 
have been connldercd naelol aa antiapaamodieti 
in tha doaa of 3J to ^u- They are probably 



de In C/^tt dr ifaUihar, AmumQm eardamomnm. 


e. Piperstum, Amotuuui gnina paradiii— c. Wild, 
Fagaraatrum CiipenM. 

CARDA.MON, Cardaniioe pratenaii. 

CARDAMCM MAJUS, Tropwolnm mijiia. 

CARDtRE. Dipiaona tylTcttria — e. C%Uit4, 
DipnacuB fullonum. 

CABDU, tafiim, 'Ibe hcan.' SttwfoAa^ 




9€mtric^ulu The superior or ODaoph«ge«l orifieo 
of the •tomAoh, — Ori/Ic"tiiii» ventri^uU nnW- 
fmm. Alio, the Heart 

CAR'DIAC, Cardi^aeutf from capita, 'the 
keart;' or the upper orifice of Uie stomach. (F.) 
Cardia^ue. Relating to the heart or to the upper 
•sifiee of the Btomacn. A cordiaL 

Cabdiac Ab'tbrus, Cvr^iman/ arteriet, (F.) 
Artirtt eardiaquet oa eoronairetf are two in 
number. They arise from the aorta, a little aboTO 
ttie free edge of the sigmoid ralres, and are dis- 
tributed on both surfaces of the heart. 

CAa'DiAC Gah'oliom, Qan'glUm eardi*acum, 
•itnated beneath the arch of the aorta to the 
light side of the ligament of the ductus arteriosus. 
ItreoeiTes the superior oardiao nerves of opposite 
irides of the neck, and a branch from the pneu- 
Hogastric, and gives off numerous branches to 
the cardiac plexuses. 

Cabdiac Kkr vks, (F.) Nerfi eardiaquet. These 
•re commonlj three on each side; a tuperioTf 
tmddU and inferior, which are furnished by cor- 
lasponding cervical ganglia. Commonly, there 
ars but two on the le^ side ; the upper and mid- 
dle, which draw their origin from the last two 
cervical ganglia. Scarpa calls the superior — 
Cardi'aenantptrfieia'lis; the middle —*- 
duM seu C7. nMffnue / and the inferior — C. partue 
Mu mtiior. There are, besides, Cardiac JiVamenU, 
(F.) fiUte eardiaquee, fhmished by the par va- 
gom or pneumo-gastrio nerve, which become 
confounded with tibe above. 

Cabdiac Plbxvs, Plexua eardi*aeu9. There 
Are three cardiac plexuses. 1. The great cardiac 
fUxue is situated upon the bifurcation of the tra- 
chea. It is formed by the convergence of the middle 
and inferior cardiac nerves; and by branches 
from the pneumogaetricy descendens noni, and 
first thoracio ganf^ion. S. The anterior cardiac 
pUxme is situated in front of the ascending aorta 
near its origin. It is formed by filaments from 
the superior cardiac nerves; from the cardiao 
canglion; and from the great cardiac plexus. 
Vilamenta from this plexus accompany the left 
coronary artery, and form the anterior coronary 
pUxue. 3. The poeterior cardiac pUxme is seated 
upon the posterior part of the ascending aorta 
near its origin. It is formed by numerous branches 
fri>m the great cardiac plexus. It divides into 
two sets of branches, which together constitute 
Ibc poeierior coronary pUxfe. 

Cardiac Veins, Coronary ttine, (F.) Veinoe 
Oardiaqnet, are commonly ronr in number ; two 
anterior and two posterior. They open into the 
right auricle by one orifice, which is frimished 
with a valve, and is called, by Portal, Sinue coro- 
mairc du Cotur, 

CARDIACA CRISPA, Leonnms cardiaea— 
Cu Passio, Cardialgia — o. Trilobata, Leonurus 
cardiaea — c Vulgiuis, Leonurus cardiaea. 

CARDIACUS, Cordial, StomaohaL 
. CARDIAGMU8, Cardialgia. 

CARDrAQRA, Affect tio artkrilfica eordie ; 
from Mapita, 'the hearty' and ayf'* 'seisurc' 
Oottt of the heart 

CARDIAO'RAPHT, Cdrdiagra*pkiat from 
BVflio, 'the heart,' and ypm^nt '» description.' 
An anatomical deoeription of the heart 

CARDIAL'OIA, Cardi'aen Pamio, CoVica 
VemtHc'uii^ Spaemut Venirie'tUi, Perodyn'ia, 
Oordo'liuMf Oardii^'a, Dyep^eodyn'ia, Dyepep- 
tiodwn'ia, JDyepeptodfn'ia, Peraiodyn'ia, Car- 
dioa'yni, OaHraVgia^ OatieraVgia, UautroeoViaf 
Oaetrod'wnif Pareio Cardi^aea, Stomachatgia, 
Stotnacai'gia, Oaetrodyn'ia, CardVaeue Morhue, 
Cardiog*mu», Cardial^; firom icapita, 'the car- 
dial* orifice of the ttomach/ and aXys;, 'pain.'i 

Pain of the 9tomach,(F,) DouUur dc VEaUmo/ef 
D. nivralgiqite de fEetomae, Also, Beanbrnm^ 
(F.) Cardiaigie, Ardtur d'Eetomae, A, du Cotur, 
Impaired appetite, with gnawing or burning pain 
in tne stomach or epigastrium, — Moreue vel ardor 
venfWo'iiii, Morwue etom^achi, SodOf Limo*ei$ ear- 
diaVgia nu>rden», Roeio Stom'aeki sen Ventri^m 
uli : — a symptom of dyspepsia. 

Cabdialcia Ikflamicatobia, Gastritis — c 
Sputatoria, Pyrosis. 

CARDIALOG"IA, from itofita, 'the heart,' 
and ioyof, *b, discourse.' A treatise on the heart 

CARDIANASTROPHE, Ectopia cordis. 

CARDIARCTIE, Hearty concentric hypertro- 
phy of the. 

CARDIA'RIUS ; same etymology. A name 
given to a worm, said to have been found in the 
heart or pericardium. 

CARDIATOM'IA, from rap^ia, 'the heart, 
and Tiftvti9, * to cut' Dissection of the heart 

CARDIATROPHIA, Heart, atrophy of the. 

<9lkRDIAUXE, Heart, hypertrophy of the. 

CARDIECTASIS, see Aneurism of the heart 
— c Partialis, Aneurism of the heart 

CARDIELCOSIS; from ra^^ie, 'the heart,' 
and 'cAcof , ' an ulcer.' Ulceration of the heart 

CARDIETHM0LIP06IS, Steatosis cordis. 

CARDIE URTSM A, Aneurism of the heart 

CARDIL^A, Cardialgia. 

CARDIM'ELECH, from capita, 'the hearty' 

and n*7D, Melek, (Hebr.,) 'a governor.' A sup- 
positious active principle seated in the heart, and 
governing the vital ftinctions. — Dolseus. 

CARDINAL FLOWER, Lobelia cardinalis — 
0. Blue, Lobelia syphilitica. 

CARDINAL PLANT, Lobelia cardinalis. 

CARDIN AMENTUM, Ginglymus, Gomphosis. 

CARDIOBOTANUM, Centaurea benedicta. 

CARDIOCE'LS, from Kapiia, * the heart,' and 
K17X9, 'rupture.' Hernia of the heart, especially 
into the abdominal cavity. 

CARDIOCLASIEf Cardiorrhexis. 

CARDIOD'YNS, Cardiodyn'ia ; from KofAt*, 
' the heart, the stomach,' and o^w^, ' pain.' Pain 
in the heart Also, Cardialgia. 


pna pectoris. 

CARDIOG'MUS. Hippoerates employed this 
word synonymously with cardialgia. In the time 
of Galen it was used, by some writers, for certain 
pulsations of the heul, analogous to palpitations. 
Saavages understood by Cardiogmue an aneurism 
of the heart or great vessels, when still obscure. 
Also, Angina pectoris. 

Cabdioomus Cordis SnnsTBi, Angina pectoris. 

CARDIOMALA'CIA, Malaeo'eie seu Mala'eia 
sen MaUufie seu AfoUif'iee Oordie, (F.) Eamot^ 
lieeememt du Cbrar, from Kopita, * the heart,' and 

SoAema, ' softness.' Softening of the heart, caused 
y inflammaUon of the organ, or a consequence 
of some lesion of the fVinction of nutrition. 

CARDIOMYOLIPOSIS, Steatosis cordis. 

CARDIONCHI, see Aneurism. 

CARDIONEURALGIA, Angina pectoris. 

CARDIOPALMUS. Cardiotromus. 

CARDIOPERICARDITIS, see Pericarditis. 

CARDIORRHEU'MA, BkeumaHe'mue eordiej 
from eopita, 'the heart,' and pcv/ie, 'defluxion, 
rheumatism.' Rheumatism of the heart 

CARDIORRHEX'IS, Cardiodaeie, (Piorry,) 
Ruptu'ra cordie, (F.) Rupture du Ooeur, from 
rap^ia, 'the heart,' and ^^if, ' laoeration.* Iiacc. 
ration of the heart 

CARDIOSCLiROSTE, (Piorry) from nu^ 
'the heart' end veknpt, 'hard.' (F.) Endureiseom 
ment du (^xnr. IndurMion of the heart 

CABDIOSTENO'SIS, Stenoear'dia, 




li«, ' the heart,' and o-rrvuo-i;, ' contractton.' Con- 
traction of the openin^^s of the heart. 

CARDIOTRAU'MA, from «cip.^i.', 'the heart,' 
and rp(ii>/fa, 'a wound/ A wound of the heart. 

CAKDIOT'ROMUS, PnlpiUi'tio Chrdit trep'- 
idanHf Cnrdwpal'tnwtf Trepidn'tin C**rd{; from 
capita, ' tlie heart/ and T^ftof, * tremor.' Rapid 
au<l fucble palpitation, or fluttering of the heart 

CAKDIOT'ROTUS, from «afx^«a, Hhe heart,' 
and TtTooaxtdf ' I wound/ One affected with a 
wound of the heart. — (^alen. 

OARDIPERICAUDITIS, see Pericarditis. 

CAHDITE, Carditis. 

CARDI'TIS, from icip^ca, 'the heart, and the 
termination i7/«. Inflammation of the fleshy 
0ub:<tanco of the heart. Einpreg'ma Cardi'titj 
JnjinmMn'iio Cordiw, Inflammn'tio Cardi'tit, CaU' 
fna Oardi'ti*, Jfyocnrdi'tittf Cardi'iit Mnncula'rit, 
(F.) Injfammatwn du deur, Curdite. The symp- 
it)mia of tills affection are by no means clear. 
They are oft^sn confounded with those of pericar- 
ditis, or inflammation of the membrane invei^ftig 
the heart. Carditis, indeed, with many, includes 
both the inflammation of the investing membrane 
and that of the heart itself. See Pericarditis, and 

Carditis Externa, Pericarditis — e. Interna, 
Endocarditis — c. Muscularis, Carditis: — c. Mem- 
brauosa. Pericarditis — c. Polypoita, Polypi of the 
heart — c. Serosa, Pericarditis. 

CARDO, Ginglvmus. 

CARDOPATIUM, Carlina acanlis. 

CARDUUS ALTIUS, Cynara ecolymus — c. 
Benedictus, Centaurea benedicta^— c. Brasilianus, 
Bromelia ananas — c. Domesticus capite migori, 
Cynara scolymus — c Ilemorrhoidalis, Cirsium 

Car'duus Maria'xur, Car'dnnt Ifa'Hit, SiVy- 
hanif S, Jfana'num sou macuf4x'tvm, Carthamut 
tnucula'tu»f Cir'tium macufn'tum, Car'duiu lac'- 
teiUt Spina athn, Cttmrnon Milk ThiatU^ or Ladie** 
T kittle f (F.) Chardon-Marie, The herb is a bitter 
tonic. The seeds are oleaginous. It is not used. 

CARDurs PiNEirs, Atractylis gummifera — c. 
Sativus. Carthamus tinctorius — c. Sativus non- 
spinosus, Cynara scolymus — c. Solntitialis, Cen- 
taurea culcitrapa — c. Stellatus, Centaurea calci- 
trapa^— c. Toinentosus, Onopordium acanthium — 
c. Veneris, Dipsacus fullonum. 

CAREBARESIS. Carobnria. 

•t>, from xapi;, * the head,' and /?upof, ' weight-.' 
i^cordine'tna, Cerebn'rinf Scordinit'inn^i, Cordine'- 
ma. Heaviness of the head. — Hippocrates, Galen. 

CARE'NA, Aare'na. The twenty-fourth part 
of a drop. — Ruland and Johnson. 

CAREUM. Carum. 

CAREX ARENARIA, Sarsaparilla Gcrmanica. 

CARIACOU. A beverage, used in Coyenne, 
and formed of a mixture of cassava, potato, and 
sugar fermented. 

C A RICA, Ficus carica. 

Car'ica Papa'ya, Papaxe tree, (P.) Papciyer, 
Ord. Artocarpere. A native of America, India, 
and Africa. The fruit has somewhat of the fla- 
vour of the pumpkin, and is eaten like it. The 
milky juice of the plant and the seed and root 
have been regarded as anthelmintic. 

CAR'ICU.M. Said to have been named after 
its inventor Caricus. Oar'jfcnm, A detergent 
application to ulcers ; composed of black hclle- 
l.ore, sandaraoh, copper, lead, sulphur, orpiment, 
nontharides, and oil nf cedar. — Hippocrates. 

CAR IE, Caries — c. det Dentt, Dental gangrene. 

CARl£, Carious. 

GA'RIES, Nigrit^iet O^'fiwm. An ulceration 
»/ hone,—^Necro9i9 being death of a bone. It 
/i *» * ah Ja> the gungrvnt of soft parts. Hence it 

has been termed Canea aangrteno^Wf Omgr^mm 
Wrien, G. Ot'tium, Ter/do, Arro'aio, Eurv^ (V.) 
Carie. It is recognised by the swelling of th« 
bone which precedes and accompanies it i by th* 
abscesses it occasions; the flstulse which fomi 
the sanious character, peculiar odour and qnaii* 
tity of tliA suppuration, and by the evideaM 
afforded by probing. The most common canaw 
of caries are blows; — the action of soma viruy 
and morbid diathesis. When dependent on anj 
virus in the system, tku must be combated hv 
appropriate remedies. When entirely local, tt 
must be converted, where pracUcable, into a lUlt 
of necrosis or death of the affected part. For 
this end stimulants, the actual cantery, Ae.^ tn 

Caries, Denttuv, Dental gangrene— o. Pndoi- 
dorum, see Chancre — c. of Uie Vertebrte, Verta- 
bral disease — c. Vertebrarum, Vertebral diseiM, 

CAJifEUX, Carious. 

CARIM CURINI, JusUtia ecbolium. 

CARI'NA, < a ship's keel/ The vertebral eo- 
lumn. especially of the foetus. Also, the breaiU 
bone bent inwards. Hence, Pectma earina'twmg 
— the chest affected with such deformity. 

CA'RIOUS. (7anV«ii«, Euro'des, (F.) Cariig 
OarieMT. Affected with caries. 


CARIVE. Myrtns pimenta. 

CARIVILLANDI, Smilax sanaporilla. 

CARLINA, 'Carline ThisUe/ 

Carli'xa Acaul'is, C. chamm'Uony CkawimFm 
lean alhumf Cardapa'tiumf (F.) Carline Mm* l*f% 
which grows in the Pyrenees, and on the maam- 
tains of Switxerland, Italy, Ac, has been reeoi^ 
mended as a tonic, emmenagogue, and audorifieu ' 

Carlina CHAMiELEOir, C. acanlis. 

CAR USE SAXS TfGE, Carlina acanlis. 

Root': found in Mechoachan, in America. TIm 
bark is aromatic, bitter and acrid. It is eoiiai- 
dered to be sudorific, and to strengthen the gmiif 
and stomach. 

Carlsbad is a town in Bohemia, 24 miles inm 
Egra, celebrated for its hot baths. The water 
contains about 47 parts in the 100 of pnrginc 
salts. It is a thermal saline ; temperature 121* 
to 167° Fahrenheit. The constituents 
bonic acid, sulphate of soda, carbonate of 
and chloride of sodium. 

CARMANTINE, JusUtia pectorali»—<. Peelo- 
rale, Justitia pectoralis. 

CARMEN, 'a verse.' An amulet. A chana^ 
which, of old, often consisted of a rerse. Bat 

CARMINANTIA, Carminatives. 

CARMINATIVA, Carminatives. 

CARMIN'ATIVES, Carmiman'txa sen CarmU 
nati'vOf from earmenf * a verse,' or ' charm,' Ai^ 
tiphyt'icaf Phy»ago'ga, Xan'ticOf (F.) Carminm^ 
tij'ti. Remedies which allay pain, Mike a charm/ (?) 
by causing the expulsion of flatus from the au« 
mentary canal. They are genenUly of the class 
of aromatics. 

The Four Greater Carminatiyb Hot Seidi, 
Quat'uor tein'ina cal'ida majo'ra carminati'vOf 
were, of old. anise, carui, cummin, and fenneL 

The Four Lesser Carmix ativs Hot Sekim^ 
Quat'ftor tern' inn eal'ida mino^ra, were bishop's 
weed, stone parsley, smallage. and wild carrot. 

CARMOT. A name given, by the alchymisii^ 
to the matter which they believed to oonstitalt 
the Philosopher's stone. 

CARNABADIA, Carum, (seed.) 
CARXABADIUM, Cuminum cyminum. 
CARNATIO, Svssarcosis. 
CARNATION, Dianthus caryophyllna. 




CABKEIilAN, ConielUn. 

CARXEOLUS, Cornelian. 

CAR'NEOUS, Car^ntQUB, Oamo'tnt, Sareo'det, 
fmeame^tuMf from caro^ 'flesh/ (F.) Chamu* 
Consisting of flesh, or resembling flesh. 

Caritbous Colctmxb, Fleshy Columni, Coluw*- 
«« Cur Ma, of the heart, (F.) Colomue* ckamue; 
mn muscular projeetions, situate in the cavities 
of the heart They are oalled^ also, Mu$'ouli Pa- 

CAKKKons Fibres, FUthy Fibret, Mut'cular 
J^hrt9f (F.) Fibre* ekamueM Ott muaeulairea, are 
fibres belonging to a muscle. 

CARNEUM MARSUPIUM, Ischio^trochan. 

CARNIC'ULA. BtminatiTe of earo, 'flesh/ 
The gum, — Oingiya. — Fallopins. 

CARNIFIGA'TIO, Camification — e. Pulmo- 
Bum, Hepatisation of the Inngs. 

CARNIFICA'TION, Oam%Jiea*t%i>, from earo, 
'fleafa,' and^srt, 'to beoome.' Trant/omuUion 
4mio ke^k. A morbid state of certain organs, in 
which the tissue acquires a consistence l^e that 
of fleshy or muscular parts. It is sometimes ob- 
aerred in hard parts, the texture becoming sof- 
tened, as in Onteo-sarcoma. When it occurs in 
the lungs, they present a texture like that of 
liver. Such is the condition of the foetal lung. 

which ordinarily occurs in the neighbourhood of 
tiie articulations, and whose oriftoe is hard, the 
■idee thick and callous. — M. A. Severinus. 

CARNIVOROUS, Camiv'oru*, SarcopVa- 
gm», CretOopk'agtUf Oreoph*agu$, (F.) Carnivore, 
from earo, ' flesh,' and voro, * I eat.' That which 
eats flesh. Any substance which destroys excres- 
eanees in wounds, ulcers, Ac. 

CARNOSA CUTIS, Pannionlus oamosus. 

CARNOS'ITAB, (F.) GamoHU, from earo, 
'flesh.' A fleshy excrescence. 

tmdet in the Urt'tkra, (¥,) Camtmtia ou Oaron^ 
c a /at de Vnrktre, Small fleshy excrescences or 
ftangoos growths, which were, at one time, pre- 
fumed to exist in the male urethra, whenever re- 
ttDtion of urine followed gonorrhoea. 

M. CulKrier uses the term Camtrnti vfnSrienne 
for a entaneous, cellular, and membranous tu- 
mour, dependent upon the syphilitio Tirua. See, 
alio, Polysareia. 

CARNOSUS, Cameous. 

CARO, Flesh — o. Accessorial see Flexor longns 
digitorum pedis profundus perforans, (aocesso* 
rins)— c Sxcrescens, Excrescence — c Fungosa, 
Fungosity — c Glandnlosa, Epiglottic gland — c 
Luxurians, Fungosity—c. Orbicularis, Placenta — 
e, Parenchymatica, Parenchyma — c Quadrata, 
Pklmaris breris — c Quadratus Sylvii, see Flexor 
longoB digitorum pedis profundus perforans, (ao- 
oeesorins) — c Yisoerum, Parenchyma. 

CAROB TREE, Ceratonia siliqua. 

CAROBA ALNABATI, Ceratonium ailiqua. 

CARODES, Carotic. 

CAROLI, see Chancre. 

OF. In the counties of Warren, Montgomery, 
Boekiagham, Lincoln, Bnnoomb, and Rowan, 
there are mineral springs. Tney belong gene- 
rally to the sulphureous or acidulous saline. 

OF. They are numerous. Paoolet Springs, on 
the west bank of Pacolet Rirer, contsdn siUphnr 
and iron. Many, with similar properties, but not 
held in estimation, are scattered about the State. 

CAROKCULE, Camndo— e. LackrymaU, Ca- 


oulss myrtiformes — e. d% VVritr*, Canoalllif aff 
the urethra. 

CARO PI, Amomnm eardamomnm. 

CAR0SI8, Somnolency. 

CAROTA, see Danous carota. 

CAROT'IC, Carofieut, Carolfid, Oarot'idmB, 
Caro'det, Com'ato$€, from Kaptt 'stupor/ (F.) 
Carotique. Relating to stupor or earti* — as a 
earotie fto^e,— or to the carotids. 

Carotio Arteries, Carotids — o. Ganglion, 
see Carotid Kenre — c. Nenre, Carotid nenra— >«. 
Plexus, see Carotid Nerve. 

CAROTICA, Nareotics. 


CAROTID, Carotio. 

CAROT'IDS, Carot'idet, Carot'iea, OaroHde€h 
Capita'lee, Jugnla're; Sopora'Ut, Sopora'ria, So^ 
pori/'ertt, Sofnn^f'ertB, Apopiee'tiem, Letkar'aiem 
{Artt^ria)y the Carotid Ar'tenet, Cepkal'ia Arte- 
r%t», (F.) ArUret Carotidea; from Kofof, 'stupor/ 
The great arteries of the neck, which carry blood 
to thfl head. They are divided into, 1. Primitive 
or common; the left of which arises from the 
aorta, and the right from a trunk, common to it 
and the subclavian. 2. External or perieepkal'ie, 
branch of the primitive, which extends from the 
last to the neck of the condyle of the lower jaw ; 
and, 3. Internal, Arte'ria eerehraUi* vel enee- 
pkaViea, another branch of the primitive, which, 
arising at the same place a« the external, enten 
the cranium, and terminates on a level witii tiio 
fissure of Sylvius, dividing into several branches. 

Carotid or Carotic Canai., Cana'lit Carot*ien9, 
Canal injlexe de Voe iemporalr—{Qh,), Canal earo^ 
tidien, is a eanal in the temper^ bone, through 
which the carotid artery and aeveral nervous 
filaments pass. 

Carotid or Carotic Foramika, ^orom'tna Ca^ 
rotfiea, (F.) Troue carottdiene, are distinguished 
into internal and external. They are the foram- 
ina at each extremity of the Canalie Carotiew, 

Carotid GAMOuoif, see Ouotid nerve. 

Carotid Nerve, Carotic nerve, Nervue earof^^ 
ieue, A branch from the superior cervical gan- 
glion of the great sympathetie, whieh ascends by 
the side of the internal earotid. It divides into 
two portions, whieh enter the earotid eanal, and, 
by their oommunieation with each other and the 
petrosal branch of the vidian, form the carotid 
plexus. They also frequentiy form a small gan- 
gliform swelling on the under part of the artery 
—the earotie or carotid or eavemoiM ganglion^ 
ganglion of Laumonier, 

Carotid Plexus, see Carotid nerve. 

CAHOTTE, Daucus carota. 

CAROUA, Carum, (seed.) 

CAROUBIER, Ceratonium siliqna. 

CAROUOE, see Ceratonium siliqua. 

CARPASA, Carbasa. 

CARPA'SIUM, Car^paemn, and Carp^einm. 
Dioscorides, Pliny, Galen, Ac, have given thesa 
names, and that of Carpaaoe, to a plant, whieh 
cannot now be determined, and whose juice, called 
Opoear^paeon, ewKo^anp, passed for a violent, 
narcotic poison, and was confounded with myrrh* 

CARPATHICUM, see Pinna eembra. 

CARPE, Carpus. 

CARPENTARIA, Achillea miUefoUum. 

CARPESIUM, Carpasinm. 

CARPHO'DES, GirpkcHdee, from icaffot, 'fioe- 
euiue,' and uiet, 'resemblance/ Flocculent, 
stringy ; — as mueue earpkodea, floeoalent or 
stringy mucus. 

CARPHOLOG^IA, Tilmue, Carpolog*'ia, Cro^ 
eidie'mue, Croeydit'mtu, Floeeo'rmn vena'tio, Floe- 
cile*gimn, Triclolog"ia, Crocidix'it, Floecila'tiou^ 
Floceita'tion, from itapi^t, *floc*etdui* and Xfy«y 
<I collect),' or 'pluck/ (F.) CarphoUgie, Aettia 




of gathering flocoolL A delirioiM picking of the 
bed-clothen, u if to seek some sabstance, or to 
pull the iloccali from them. It denotes great 
cerebral irritjibility and debilitj, and is an un- 
favourable sign in fevers, Ac 

CARPHOS, Trigonella foenam. 

CAllPIA, Linteum. 

CARPI^EUg, Palmaris brevis. 

CAKTIAL, Car'pian, Carpxa'nua, Oarpia'lU, 
(F.) CarpUn. Belonging to the Carpus. 

Car'pial Lia'AMK!rr8| (F.) LigamenU Carpient, 
are, 1. The fibrous fasoisB, whion nnite the bones 
of the carpus ; and, 2. The annular ligaments, 
anterior and posterior. 



CARPI8MUS, Carpns. 

CARPOBALSAMUM, see Amyris opobal- 

CARPOLOGIA, Carphologia— e. Spasmodiea, 
Subsultns tendlnum. 

TI, Adductor metacarpi minimi disriti — c. Mita- 
carpien du petit doigt^ Opponens minimi digiti-^ 
e. Jfftacarpien du pouce^ Opponens pollicis — c 
Phalangeus minimi digiti, Abductor minimi digit! 
— e. Phalangitn du petit doigt. Abductor minimi 
digiti — c. Phalangien du petit doiat, Flexor par- 
vus minimi digiti— c. Phalangien au /wuce, Flexor 
bre vis pollicis manus — c. Sus-phalangien dupouee, 
Abductor pollicis brcvis. 

CARPO-PEDAL, from carp«i«, 'the wrist,' and 
petf pedi«, 'the fooL' Relating to the wrist and 

Carpo-pxdal Spash, Cer'ehral tpatmod'ie 
eroup. A spasmodic affection of the chest and 
larynx in young children, accompanied by gene- 
ral or partial convulsions. The diseane commonly 
occurs between the third and ninth month, and 
js characterized by excessive dyspnoea, accompa- 
nied by a loud croupy noise on inspiration ; the 
thumbs being locked, and the hands and feet 
rigidly bent for a longer or shorter period. The 
seat of the disease is evidently in tiie cerebro- 
spinal axis, primarily or secondarily : generally, 
perhaps, it is owing to erethism seated elsewhere, 
but communicated to the cerebro-spinal centre, 
and reflected to the respiratory and other muscles 
Aoncemed. It seems to be connected with dental 
irritation, and consequently, in the treatment, 
where such is the case, the gums should be freely 
divided; after wbich, cathartics and revulsives, 
with the uso of narcotics and appropriate diet, 
will generally remove the affection ; for although 
extremely alarming, it is often not attended with 
great danger. See Asthma thymicuuL 

CARPOS, Fruit 

CARPOT'ICA, from K0fnro(, 'fhiit' Diseases 
affecting impregnation. Irregularity, diflSculty 
or danger produced by parturition : — the 8d or- 
der, class Oenetica, of Good. 

CARPUS, Cnrpit'mut, Brar.hia'ti, RaaeeUoy 
Rntte'ttif Jtcuehaf Raa^ta, Rate^taf the irri»f. 
(F.) Carpe, Poignet. The part between the fore- 
arm and hand. Eight bones compose it, (in two 
rows.) In the superior row there are, fr>om with- 
out to within — the SeaphcHdet or naneula'ri, 
Lunn'ri or temiluna'rif Cunei/or'mif and Orhicu- 
la're or pi9\for*nU. In the lower row — Trapt'' 
stum, Trapftolde»f Ifagnum^ and Unei/or'n^ 

CARRAGEEN MOSS, Fucus crispus. 

VARRi DE LA CUJSSE, Quadratns femoria 
• -e. d€» Lomhet, Quadratns lumborum — & du 
Mfnton, Depressor lubii inferioris — c. du Pied, 
JExtePsnr bre vis digitorum pedis. 

dARBEAUt Tabei mesenteric^. 

CARR£e, see Flexor longns dSgitomm paflg 
profundus perfbrans, (aceessorius.) 

CAERELET, (F.) Acua inamgula'ria. A 
straight needle, two or three Inchea long, A« 
point of which is triangular; and which tk« 
ancients used in different operationa. Also, % 
wooden, triangular frame for fixins a elotfi 
through which different pharmaeeutiesd pt«pM»* 
tions are passed. 

CARROT, CANDT, Athamanta cretensii— tt. 
Deadly, Thapsia— o. Plant, Danens carota. 


Cab'thaxub Tuicto'biui, Am'ynm, Omiem, 
Crocu$ German*\eu9, Oroctta Saraetn'ieua, Ou** 
thamum officina'rum, Ottr'duua BtUi'vut, Se^^^ 
num, Saffron-Jlower, Saffiower, Bastard SnJ/raa, 
Dger'a Saffron, (F.]i (Mrthame, Safran b&vd, 
Cartkame de9 Teinturien, Fanuljf, Cynarofli- 

BhalesB. Sex. Syst. Syngeneeia Polygmmia squa- 
s. The seeds are aromatic, cathartic, and dia- 
rotic ; yet to the parroqnet they are an article ef 
food; hence their name, Graimea dm ParrofutL 
The flowers, Car'tkamua, (Ph. U. 8.) are employed 
as a cosmetic, and are a reputed diaphoretic, [f] 

CARTHEGON, see Buxus. 

CAR'TILAGE, Ckondro; Car'tilago, (F.) Ov- 
tilaat. A solid part of the animal body, of a 
medium consistence between bone and liganeo^ 
which in the foetus ia a substitute for boney Imt 
in the adult exists only in the Joints, at tha 
extremities of the ribs, Ac. Cartilages ara of a 
whitish colour, flexible, oompressible, and Tvy 
elastic, and some of them apparently inorgaaSa. 
They are composed, according to J. Davy, of Ai 
albumen, .55 water, and .01 phosphate of iino. 

OAJiTILAOE ANONYME, Crieoid, (earti- 
lage)— c Epiglottic, Epiglottis — e. Muwcmi, Xi- 
phoid Cartila«re— c. Supra-arytenoid, Comienhmi 
laryngis— c Tarsal, see Tarsus. 

Cartilages, Articular, Obdu'eeni Oar'Hlagta, 
invest bony surfaces, which are in contact; henea 
thov are called invetting or inenuting eartiit^t$f 
(F.) Cartilage* de revitement ou d'eneroAtewtemlm 

Cartilages, iNTXRARncrLAR, are such aa mn 
situate within the Joints, as in the knee Joint. 

Cartilages of OssiPicA'Tioy are sueh aa, in 
the progress of ossification, have to form an ia- 
tegrant part of bones ; as those of the long bosui 
in the new-bom infxmt. They are termed taa- 
porarg; the others being permaumL All tha 
cartilages, with the exception of the articuUr, 
are surrounded by a membrane anslogona to Ihia 
periosteum, called Periehon^drium, 

Cartilages of the Ribs are, in some respeeCi^ 
only prolongations of the ribs. Those of the nose, 
of the meatus anditorius, and Eustachian tnbi^ 
present a similar arrangement. Other cartilages 
resemble a union of fibrous and cartilaginoos taz- 
turcs ; hence their name Fibro-eartilaaet, 

Cartilages, Seiiilunar, see Benmnnar — a. 
Sigmoid, Semilunar cartilages. 

noid cartilages— c. Semilunafes, Semilunar earli- 
lagcs — c. Sigmoidese, Semilunar cartilagea. 


niculum laryngis. 

CARTILAG"INOUS. Cartitagiu'ew, Carhla^ 
gino'9U9, Chondro*de9, Chondroi'det, (F.) Cbrfi- 
laginewr. Belonging to, or resembling cartilage. 

Cartilaginous, Tissue, see Tissue. 

CARTILAGO, Cartilage — c. Clypealis, Thy- 
roid cartilage — c. Ensiformis, Xiphoid cartilaM 

— e. Gnttalis, Arytenoid cartilage — c. Innoan- 
nata, Crieoid—- c. Mncronata, Xiphoid cartilsge^ 
c Peltalis, Thyroid eartilage. Xiphoid cartilafs 

— c. Scutiformis, Thyroid carUlage — c. Uviftry 
Uvula— 0. Xiphoides, Xiphoid oai&aga. 




CA.RtrH, from Cuu, s pTorince of 

Jb^tli tarvi tea tarum, .^'lin tarri, Ca'reum, 
ftinui Mr'm, CSrvs Cumrt»m praln'tt, Carm, 

BTfi. f'loilf, UmbcUiferB. £'u. ibic P«nUin. 
srta Digraiii. Th< need*, Oariuiha'airi, Gir'oau, 
m nnninaUT*. Dop», gr. x to K)j, BWklloKed 
*l>..l* DC bruised. The oiJ, Offl.o Cai^it, (F.) 
Biiitt di earn, hu the praiicrliea uC the Medt. 
UoM. gt«- U to yj. 
-1 (i. j^ Bunliim hulbocMt*- 

CAR'CNCLB, a.™«'«ife, diminntlTB of m«, 
•a*ib.' AmuUlponiDDDf flcati, .%>-'Wi.R<, .S'ar. 
*f •!«. A Beihy eicrMoenoe, — Ecp^ii'ma ear- 
^rMl^ (F.) 0™™ie. 

CtBBiclA CtrniulUi. 

CuiEici-ES m TBI UrktSBI, Cnrnoiltin. 

CtBi'i-ciiL* Lachbibi'lh, (P.) CanmeBii 
UtrjaaU A (mall, leditiih, folliculH body, 

A gvtBEEiT InbflAaei 

•l&elurip n 


Tea bmre been lo eaUeil by m 
..% HTRTrrun'iEi, a I'.wi 
.,r„/.„'»«. (F.I 0,™n™t„ 
iraie. Bmall, icditbh talwrclea, mare 
IB, nf raHoble fonn, KDd uneertain ni 
immU new ttie oriBiH oriho Tn^oa, and ' 
r the miteaBi tneiDhruie. Tbey irt re 
I tht tvmaxBi of the hymen. 
Cuiuicci..B P1PUJ.1HIB, PapUltB or tl 


Belatiog tu 

CABtrOK. Ckrum. 

CARU8. cofK, Sapor Hiro'ft'fw, Prnfimnd tlttp. 
The Um ilegrM of cnam, with eomplste intenii- 
ilXtlf. wtUA no «tioiului cm remove, e*en for ■ 
few iaetaau. iSnpar, Onuni fciAni-ijin, uid Oo- 
nai, are foor Aegtrtt of the nmo eondltiuo. 

Caatts AropLCiu, Apopleiy — a. Asphyxia, 
Aspbyala — t. Calalepiia, Calalepiy — 0. Eoaiuii, 

Mraoi — e. ab Iniola^one. Oaip de toltil~e. he- 
tbarga>» Lelharf^'— <]. Lelharpu cataphnro. &om- 
nut«n^ — c LeChargni vi^. Coma yigQ — c 
Pantlydi, Panly^ — o. Paralysis pa™plo)[ia, 
P>r«|AeKia — o- Vetomns, Lethargy. 

CAHYA. Juglui rai^a — e. Builioa, Jnglana 

fABTBDOS CATAOMA, teeFrsetore. 

CABTOCOSTINCS, Curjo™fi»uH>. An elec- 
taaij preptrcl of the cosUis and uthec aromatic 
ruMjuiM*, A«. It was Faihartic 6ee CoofecUo 

"aKTON PONTICOtT, Coryloi aTellana 

CARTOPHTt-LA, Qt«m nrhatinra. 

CABi'OPHTLLATA AQllATrcA, C!eoio rl- 
Talfr—c IVnlani* Gijuia HtoIr-^o. Urba&a, Geom 
orbansm — c Vnlgarif. Oenm urhanDra. 


Uu piouDta — 0. AromalicQB, Kugeaia earyophyi- 
lUa — c HorlCDiif, Diaothui cuyophyllui — e. 
PimrnlB. MyiUu Pimenta — c Volgarii, OeuDi 

CARTO'Tr. The beH kioit of Jatei.— Galen. 

CAS RASES (P.), Anrc eats. This term ii 
Ued, hi the French, for pathological faoti, which 
mtrtSmm'htUttati, aa* > aetefaraMd article 

nndcr Ihia head In the Bid 


1, IV. 

CAPAMUM. Cjclatntn. 

CASAMUNAK, CuiuiatiDlir. 

CAS'CARA, CASCARIL'LA. Spanlih irnrdt, 
irhieh liKLiiy bnrh and Halt bnrk, nudcr wbieh 
ippellaliuaa Ihe tnrk (Gmebuna] ii koooD in 
Peru. They am now appMad to the Urk of 0™. 
na cflKunV/o. The bvk-galhvran are called 

CASCARILLA. Crotan oafearilln. 
CASCUEII, Csleuhu, 
CASE, Capta, Thtca. (F.) Cairn. Thii nam* 

iKenu, or of mediclou neee 

ither aerriee. We ay, e. g 

— Acan 


The conditiun ol a palieni:- 


CA'SEIN, Cantint, Ca'm 

n, Oalar 

nt. Ca. 

nlOtigenized DODatlEaant of milk- It Is identical 
in eumpoiitlon witb the Chief conitlUient* Of 

of protein. A iimiUr principle exiau In the tsw 
Ublc, ViaetabU Cuttia or Legu'mi-, Vti/'elohU 
Olultn. It in chiefly found in legamil 

u is I 


e alkon 

CisaiN, BuiOD, Olohalin. 

CASEOSUS, Cheesy. 


CASEUH, Casein. 

CAREUS, CbcKse— e. Eqainns, Hippae*. 

CASEUX. Cheesy. 

CABHEW, Anacardium oocidentale. 

CABHOO. An aramatio drug of Hlndooila^ 
iiid to poiBBBB peotoraJ TirtodL 

CABHOW, Cataoha. 

CARIA, Lbutuo cassia. 

CAHMINA. Cauumuniar. 

OASMONAR, Oasiamuniai. 

C43SA, Thorai. 

CASSADA BOOT, Jatropha manihol 

CA^RAVA ROOT, Jatropha manihot. 

CASSS AJlOilATlQVS, Lanrus caula — e. 
>i Iiaiant, Cuiia Dstula— e. th ItoU, Laurus eaa- 

CASSB-UmETTES, Cyanoi •ageUm, Eh- 
phroiiii ofEcInalis. 

CASHEENA, Ilex Tomitoria. 

CASSENOLKS, >h Querent Infcotorln. 

CAS»1A, Lannii eawia— e. Absna, Abrna— a. 
Aeiitifulia. C. senna — 0. Sgyplinn, 0. senna — 
E. Alexandrlna, C. fistula — e. Bonplandiana, C. 

Cahsia CBt¥:SCRiii'TA, Prairie uniia, Par- 
Iriiigt Pea. Wild Sei'n. An indigeiioui plant, 
Fam. I/OgurolnoMC, wMuh flowers in Aogiist. It 
resemhlei! Caasia Uarilandica in properties. 

Caasia CiHDAiioiiK*, Lnurua laula — e. Ca- 
ryopbyllaU, Myrtna carynpbyllslB — a. Canella, 
Lauriii easiia~e. Egyptian, Caasia lenna — c 
Bieelsa, C, fistqla. 

Cii'Hi Prs'Ti'LA, Cn^tia ■ 
la'rit, O. AtexBHitri'tm aen urtl'tn leu Boniilti* 
dia'na, (Venn, Oiiiiia ibIuICc " -- ' ■-•- 
OilHartacnr'pBi, flactjrrflo'Wne 
Cn-ia, (F.) Ohm Canffleier, 
C—ie dti Ilo<,liq«n. Tbe pnlp nf Ca^t F«f 
(■(a or Pi-tlwnorar'pai Fiilnla ; Fnn. Leplml- 
dosb; Six. Sytl. Decaadrla Monogynli, Pvlf^ 
Oai'ria, Ctxn* Arann'lan, CaHiia fUtmm 

•lulCca, OtHna J'tlitln, 
^■biamjii'lyra, /*«rijtnj 
loin-, Ca.<r ™ mi^,,,. 




PulpOf (Ph. U. 8.)i which \b obtained in long 
pods, iff black, bright, and shining; sweet, slightly 
acid, and inodorous. It is laxative in the dose 
of 3iv to gj. 

Gaasia Lanceolata, C. senna — o. lagnea, 
Lanrus cassia — c Lignea Malabarica, Lauras 

Cassia Marilan'dicAi Senna Ameriea'na, 
American S^nna, WiM Senna, Locust plantf (F,) 
Sfn4 tVAm4riijutf, The leaves of this plant are 
siiniltir, in virtne, to those of cassia senna. They 
arc, however, much inferior in strength. 

Cassia Nigra, C. fistula — c. Officinalis, C. 
senna — c. Orientalis, C. senna— c Purging, Cas- 
sia fistula. 

Cassia Srnna, C. laneeola'ta sen aeuti/o'lia 
seu onVHta'lit »eu ojffieina'lU. The name of the 
plant which afi'ords senna. It is yielded, how- 
ever, hy several species of the genus caraia. The 
leaves of senna, Senna Folia, Senna Alexandri'- 
na, S*inna Ital'^ca, Sena, Senna or ^Jgyptian 
Ca»»in, (F.) SSn/-. Ca99e Sinf., have a faint smell, 
and bitterish ta«te. The active part^ by some 
called Cnthartiuf is extracted by alcohol and 
water. Tlicir activity is injured by boiling water. 
They arc a hydragoguo cathartic, and apt to 
gripe. Done of the powder, ^j to 3j> Infusicta 
is the beet form. 

The varieties of senna, in commerce, are Tin- 
nicetly Senna, Bomhay or Common India Senna, 
Alexandrian Senna, Tripoli Senna, and Aleppo 

CASST.E AR AMENTUM, see Cassia flstular- 
0. Fii^tuliB pulpa, 8ce Cassia fistula — c. Floros, 
see LnuruH einnamomum. 

CASS I ALA. HyHsopus. 


CASSIDE DLEVE, Scutellaria galericulata. 

CASSTXA, Ilex vomitoria. 

— c. Evergreen, Ilex vomitoria— c. Peragua, Ilex 

CASSIS, Ribes nigrum. 


CASSUMU'NIAR, Oatamu'nar, Ca*mofiar, 
Zerumhet, Camniua, Hi'tngon, Ben'gall fndo'rum, 
Bengal Boot, (F.) Bacine de Bengale, A root, 
obtained from the East Indies, in irregular slices 
of various forms ; some cut transversely, others 
longitudinally. It is an aromatic bitter, and is 
oousequently tonic and stimulant. It was once 
considered a panacea, and has been referred to 
Zingiber Vantumuniar, Z, Clifford'ia seu purpu- 
reum, Amo'mum monta'nnm, and to Zingiber Ze~ 
rumbet, Z. epurium, Amo'mum Zerumhet sen ejfl- 


plant, Nat. Ord. Laurineae, which is employed 
by the Cape colonists as a wash in scald head, 
and OS an antiparasitic. 

CAST, Caste. 

CARTALIA SPECIOSA, Nymphjca alba. 

CASTANEA, Fagus castanea, see also Fagus 
castanea pumila— o. Equina, iBsculus Hippocaa- 
Uinum— c. Pumila, Fagus castanea pumila. 

CASTE, Cant, from (P.) Caeta, 'race or lineage.' 
A name given, by the Portuguese in India, to 
vlasses of society, divided according to occupa- 
tions, which have remained distinct from the 
earliest times. Hence a separate and fixed order 
or class. See Half-caste. 

OF. Castellamare di Stabia is a town in Naples, 
is the Principato Citra, 16 miles S. S. E. of Na- 

ples. There are two springs the one ndpha- 
reous, the other chalybeate. 

These waters, situate near Acqnl, in Italy, an 

tera-Vivent is a small village in the department 
of Qers, near which is a cold acridulons chaly- 
beate, and another which is salphureoui 
thermaL Temp. 84® Fahrenheit 

CASTIGANS, Corrigent 

A tree, which is cultivated in some parts of Per% 
and grows wild in abundance. Its beauUfol find^ 
when roasted, has an agreeable flavour. Whea 
an incision is made into the stem, a clear br^ht 
liquid flows out, which, after some time, becomM 
black and homy-like. It is a very powofU 

CASTJOE, Catechu. 

reous spring in Ross-shire, Scotland, celebnftid 
for the cure of cutaneous and other diaeasea. 

CASTOR BAT, Magnolia glauca. 

Castor Fiber, Fiber, Cam* Pon'tieua, tbi 
Beaver, (F.) Cattor. It furnishes the C^toc 
Rondelet recommends slippers made of its difai 
in gout. Its blood, urine, bile, and fit, were iSw- 
merly uaed in medicine. 

Castor Oil Plant, Ricinus commnnis. 

CASTO'REUM, Catto'rium, Cattor, Ouforewi 
Boe'ticum et Canaden^ti, from <a«Twp^ ' the ba^ 
ver,' quasi y'^^^^f* horn yami^ * the belly,' b^ 
cause of the size of its belly. (?) A peculiar 
matter found in bags, near the rectum of tht 
beaver, Caetor fiber. Its odour is strong, unple*- • 
santy and peculiar; taste bitter, subacrid; and 
colour orange brown. It is antispasmodic iad 
often employed. Dose, gr. x to Qj. 

CASTORINA, from Caetoreum, 'castor.' Me- 
dicines containing castor. 

CASTRANGULA, Scrophularia aquatica. 

CAST BAT, Castratus. 

CASTRA'TION, Cattra'iio, Ee'tomf, Eetcm'im, 
Erira'tio, Exeaetra'tio, Eteeticula'tio, JSxtirpa'ti^ 
teeticulo'rum, Detetta'tio, Exeec^tio viriPium, Ku» 
nvckiti'wu9, Orchotom'ia, Oreheot'omy, Orchidof" 
omtf, (F.) Chdtmre. The operation of removiu 
the testicles. Sometimes the term is employed 
for the operation when performed on one testicle; 
hence the division into compleie and ineoimpUu 
ea^tration. Castration renders the individual im- 
capablo of reproduction. 

CASTBATO, Castratus. 

CASTRA'TUS, (I.) CattraHo, Ectom'im9, 
Emancula'tue, Evira'tue, Ex9ec'tu9, Detee'tM, JSr- 
trtticula'tut, Ex fnanbu9, lnte9tab' il\», Intenta'hmf 
Spado, Apoc'oput, Bago'a9, from co»(rore, *tO 
castrate.' (F.) Caatrat, Chdtri, One deprived 
of testicles. This privation has a great inflii- 
ence on the development of puberty. It ia 
adopted to procure a clearer and sharper voice ; 
and in the East, the guardians of the Ilarem, for 
the sake of security, are converted into Caetra'H 
or Eu'nucht, ivvovx9t» Ennucht have generally 
both tcijites and penis removed. 

CASUS, Prolapsus, Symptom — c. Palpebrw 
superioris, Blepharoptosis — c Uvulae, Staphyloe* 

CAT TAIL, Typha latifolia. 

CATA, Kara, ' downwards,' ' alter,' applied te 
time: at times, it gives additional force to tlie 
radical word. A common prefix, as in — 

CATAB'ASIS, from Kara0aty», *I descend.' 
An expulsion of humours downwards. Alao» % 
descent, De9cen'9U9, Descen'Ho, — as of the tes- 
ticles, De9ceH'9U9 teeticuh'rum, 

CATABLE'MA, cara^Air/ia, (irara and ^^Xtts^) 




'any thing l«t fall, as a onrtain/ EjnbU'wM, Pe. 
rtbU'ma, The outermost bandage which secures 
the resL 

Bttfif, 'nibmersion/ and navioj 'mania.' Insa- 
nity, with a propensity to suicide by drowning. 

CATACA3MUS, Cupping, Scarilicaaon. 


CATACAUSIS, Combustion, human— c. Ebri- 
osa, Combujition, human. 

CATACERAS'TICUS, from tcaraKt^vwut, *I 
temper/ 'I correct.' The same as Epicercutieut* 
A medicine capable of blunting the acrimony of 

CATACHASMOS, Scarification. 

CATACHRISIS, Inunction. 


CATACII'YSIS, Effu'%io, Per/yno, from mira- 
X*^9 * I pour upon.' Affusion with cold water. — 
Hippocrates. Decantation. 

CAT ACLASIS, from KaraKXa^tt, 'I break to 
pieces.' Cam'pjflum, CampyWti*. Distortion, or 
spasmodic fixation of the eyes; spasmodic occln- 
■ion of the eyelids ; also, fracture of a bone. — 
Hippocrates, Vogel. 

CATACLEIS'; from cara, 'beneath,' and cAcif, 
'the clavicle/ 'a lock or fa.itening/ KaraK^fAat 
{Kara and kXciw), I lock up. Tills term has been 
applied to many parts, as to the first rib, the 
acromion, the joining of the sternum with the 
rib^, Ac. 

CAT ACLDI'SIS, same etymon. A looking up. 
The act of locking up. Morbid union of the eye- 

CATACLYS'MTJS, Cbtec/yt'wo, C(ila'e/yM«, 
from ffsroirXii^civ, 'to submerge, inundate.' A 
C7y«tfer. Hippoor. Others mean, by the term, a 
shower-bath, or copious affusion of water; CkUa- 
ame'tit. Ablution, Douche, 

CAT^ONKSIS, Catantlema, Cataclysmus. 

CATAQAUNA, Cambogia. 

CAT AG MA, Fracture — o. Fissura, Fissure, see 
Contrafissura— e. Fraotura, Fracture. 

CAT AGMAT'ICS, Catagmat'ica retMd'i€i, from 
maroYfM, 'fracture.' Remedies supposed to be 
e^»able of oocasioning the formation of callus. 

CATAOOOLOS'SUM, from ccrovciy, 'to draw 
down,' and yXuvva, 'the tongne.' An instrument 
for pressing down the tongue. Bee Qlossooa- 

CATAGBAPHOLOGIA, Phamaooeatagra- 

CATALEK'TIA. Epilepsy, or some disease 
Tesembling it — Paracelsus. 


CATALEPSY, Catalep'na, Catalep'i'; Caf- 
oeklf Cat*ochu9, Cat'ocha OaWni, Iforbut atton'- 
itm0 CeUi, HjfHt'rxa eatcUepUicaf Congeia'tiOf De- 
f^n'tio, EneataUp'tit, Aphonia — (Hipper.,) ^nati'- 
dia — (Antigenes,) Apprthen'tiOf Contempla'tio, 
Stupor 9ig"ilan«, Prehtn'tiOf Caru» CataUp'wiaf 
Oppre»'»io, Compr«hen*no—{Ca\. Aurelian,) Ootn- 
pr€n*9io,Apopie^ia Cataltp**xaStom garaXanfiavrnf 
'I seixe hold of.' Trance (?) (F.) Oatalepnt. A 
disease in which there is sudden suspension of 
the action of the senses and of rolition; the 
limbs and trunk preserving the different posi- 
tions given to them. It is a rare affecUon, but is 
seen, at times, as a form of hysteria. Some of 
the Greek writers bare used the word in its true 
acceptation of a •etjriire, gurprite, Ac. 

CATALEPTIC, Catalcp'tieut, same etymon. 
Belating to catalepsy. Affected with eatalepsy. 

Catalrp'tic Method, Ifeth'odw CataUp'tiea, 
The administration of external agents when in- 
ternal i^ents are inapplicable. 

CATALOT'IC, Catalaeicut; tnm aaraAs««, 'to 

break or grind down/ A remedy whioh remoni 
unseemly cicatrices. 

CATAL'PA, (7. Arho'rta, Bigno'uia CataVpOf 
CataVpa Cordi/o'Ua, C. Arboretfcena sen Bigno^ 
nioi'de* sen Stfringa^ofiaf Cataw'ba tree, Indian 
Bean, A decoction of the pods of the Catalpa, 
an American tree, of tbe Nat, Fam, Bignoniaceae, 
Didynamia Angiospermia, has been recommended 
in chronic nervous astbma. 

Catalpa Arborea, Catalpa— c. Bignonioides^ 
Catalpa — o. CordifoUa, Catalpa— o. Syringfefolia, 

CATAL'YSIS, Paralysis, from rar«, and Xvw, 
'I dissolve or decompose.' The action of prt" 
aence in producing decomposition; as when a 
body which possesses what has been termed oata- 
Ijftie force resolves other bodies into new com- 
pounds by mere contact or presence, without 
itself experiencing any modification. 

CATALYTIC FORCE, see Catalysis. 

CATAMENIA, Menses— e. Alba, Leucorrhoea. 

CATAME'NIAL, Catamenia'li$, Jien'Mtrual, 
Men'ttruMf Men'ttruoiu, (F.) Menttmel, from 
Kara, and fuiv, ' a mouth/ Appertaining or relat- 
ing to tbe catamenia. 


CATANANCE, Cichorium intybus. 


CATANTLE'MA, OatantU'nt, from mrm, 
'upon/ and avrXav, 'I pour/ Cateone'ns and 
Oataonc'eie. Ablution with warm water. A la- 
mentation. — Mosohion, Maroellns Empirions. 

CATAPAS'MA, from Karanagvm, 'Ispriaklew* 
Catapat'tumf Conaper^aio, Epipaa*tonf Paunm, 
Sgmpat'ma, Empat*ma, Diapae'ma, Xer'i^n, As- 
per'no, Epi^pa^tum, Pulvi* amerso'tnus. A eoaa- 
ponnd medicine, in the form of powder, employed 
by the ancients to sprinkle on uleers, ahsedrb per- 
spiration, Ac. — Paulus of iEgina. 

CATAPH'ORA, 'a faU/ from ^rmfifm, <I 
throw down.' A state resembling sleep, with 
privation of feeling and voice. Somnolency. 
According to others, Cataphora is simply a pro* 
found sleep, which it is diflicult to rouse from~> 
in this sense being synonymous with Sopor. 

Cataphoba Coxa, see Apoplexy — e. Hydro- 
cephalica, see Apoplexy — c. Cymini, Theriaoa 
Londinensis— c. Magnetiea^ Somnambolism, mag- 

CATAPHRAC'TA, Catapkrae'tM, a Citiram, 
frt>m rara^paffffw, ' I fortify. A name given by 
Galen to a bandage applied round the thorax ai^d 
shoulders. It was also called Quadri*ga. 

CATAPIESIS, Depression. 


CATAP'LASIS, from «aravXa#sw, 'to besmear/ 
The act of besmearing or overlaying with plastar, 

CAT'APLASM, CatapUu'ma, Epiplat^ma, 
B<BO§f Poultice, Pultice, from KarrnxXmaauv, (cara 
and wXaontv, ' to form or mould,') ' to besmear/ 
(F.) Cataplaemc, . A medicine applied exter- 
nally, under the form of a thick pap. Cata- 
plasms are formed of various ingredients, and for 
different objects. They may be aaocfyae, .sioj. 
{ien(, (oate, antiseptic, vrrituUing, Ae. A simple 
poultice acts only by virtue of its warmth and 
moisture. Mealy, fatty substances, leaves of 
plants, certain fruits, emmb of bread, Ao., am 
the most common bases. Tbe chief pooltieaf 
which hare been offioinal are the following:— 
Anodyne — o. CiontSD, c. Digitalis. AniitepHc-^ 
0. Carbonis, e. Dauei, e. Fermenti, e. Acefcoss», e. 
Comini. Emollient — e. Lini, e. Panis, o. Mali 
maturu Irritating^'-c. Sinapis, e. Sodii ehloridi« 
e. Qnercds MarinL Tonie and Astrii^ent^-^^ 
Alum, e. Goulard, e. of Roses. 

The Parisian Codex has some other .fi^imi 




entftplaBins. 1. Cataplat'ma anod'ynumt made of 
poppy and hyoscyamus. 2. Catapla^ma emoUientf 
ma(ie of meal and pulps. 3. Cataplat'ma ad 
Buppuratio'iiem promoren'datn, of pillps and ba- 
pilicon. 4. CaUiplat'ma rtihefa'eiena Tel anti- 
pUurif' ir.umf formed of pepper and vinegar. 

The only cataplasms, the preparation of which it 
is important to describe, are some of the following : 

Cataplasm, Aluv, Coagulam Aluminosum. — 
e. of Beer grounds, see Cataplasma Ferment! — 
c. Curroty Cataplasma DaucL-— o. Charcoal, Cata- 
plasma cnrbonis lignu 


Cataplas'm A Carbo'nis LiGKly Chareoal Oat- 
aplatm or poultice. Made by adding powdered 
charcoal to a common cataplasm. Used as an 
anUseptic to foul ulcers, Ae. 

Cataplas'ma DArci, Carrot Cataplasm or 
poultice. Made by boiling the root of the Carrot 
until it is soft enough to form a poultice. Used 
in fetid ulcers. 

Cataplas'ma FiEOULJB Cbrkvisub, see C. 

Cataplas'va Fkrmixt'i, C. efferve^'cena^ Teatt 
Cntaplatm or Poult ice f (F.) Cataplatme de Levure, 
(Take of meal Ibj» tfeant, ft)ss. Expose to a gentle 
heat) It is antiseptic, and a good application 
to bruiser. A Oataplaem of Beer Grouniln, Cata- 
planma Fa'cula Cerevut'ia, C, Byneu, is used in 
the same cases. 

Cataplas'ha SncA'pis, C, Sina'peo^, SiH*a- 
pitn, 3fn»tard Catnplcum or Poultice, (F.) Cata- 
ploMtne de Moutard ou Sinapitme, {Mustard and 
itnteed meal or meal && equal parts. Warm 
vinegar or water, q. s.) A rubefacient and sti- 
mulant applied to the soles of the feet in coma, 
low typhus, Ac, as well as to the pained part in 
rheumatism, Ac. 

CATAPLEX'IS, Stupor, from Kara, and irXrien*, 
' I strike.' The act of striking with amazement. 
Appearance of astonishment as exhibited by the 
eyes in particular. 8ee Ilsamodia. 

CATAPOSIS. Deglutition. 


CATAPSYX'IS, from jcnrai/a»;c"» 'I refrige- 
rate' ; Perijtnyx'it. Considerable coldness of the 
body, without rigor and horripilatio, — Qalen, 
Per/ric'tio. Coldness in the extreme parts of the 
limbs. — Hippocrates. 

CATAPTO'SIS, Deciden'tia,h/all. This word, 
at times, expresses the fall of a patients attacked 
with epilepsy, or apoplexy ; at others, the sudden 
rewolution of a paralytic limb. 


CATAPUTIA MINOR, Euphorbia lathyris, 
Ricinus communis. 

CAT'ARACT, CataracUa, Catarrhoc'ta, Sufu'- 
MO Oc'uli, S. Lentie cryntalVintBy Phtharma cata- 
rac'tOf Cali'go fentit, Gutta opa*ca, ITtfpoc'hyma, 
Hopoc'hynin, Hopoph'y»i9, Pkaconcoto'ma, Parop'- 
§it catarac'ta, Olauco'ma Woulhou'ti, from Kara- 
^oouv (Karm and patrvttv), ' to tumble down.' A 
deprivation of sight, which comes on, us if a veil 
fell before the eyes. Cataract consists in opncity 
of the crystalline lens or its capsule, which pro- 
vents the passage of the rays of light, and pre- 
cludes vision. The causes are obscure. Diag- 
noein. — The patient is blind, the pupil seems 
closed by an opake body, of variable colour, but 
commonly whitish : — the pupil contracting and 
dilating. Cataracts have been divided, by some, 
into MpuriouM and genuine. The former, where 
the obstacle to vision is between tiie capsule of 
the lens and the uvea: the loiter, where it is in 
the lens or capsule. A Unticulnr cataract is 
where the affection is seated in the lens : — a cap- 
§t*lar or membranout, in the capsule. The cap- 
•hUut is divided again, by Beer, into the anterior, 

poeterior, and complete eapeular eataractn WbM 
the capsule is rendered opake, in conseqvenM 
of an injury, which cuts or ruptures any part if 
it, it thickens, becomes leathery, and haa beM 
called Catarac'ta arida eiliguo'ea, Catara^tm 
3forgagnia'na lactea vel purifor'mie, is the aiifly 
variety, in which the crystalline ia transformci 
into a liquid similar to milk, (F.) Cataraete laU 
teute ; or, as generally defined, in which thert it 
opacity of the fluid situate between the lens and 
its capsule. The eap'eulo-lentic'ular alTectt both 
lens and capsule, and Beer conceives the liqur 
Morgagni, in an altered state, may contribute tt 
it Cataracts are also called hard, •o/}, (Phmm^ 
mala'cia,) etony, (F. pierreuae,) milky or dieetff 
(laiteuae ou caafuee, Galactocatarac'ta, Cataratftm 
lactic' olor,) according to their density : — wbiUL 
pearly, yellow, brown, gray, green, black, (F.) 
blanche, pcrlfe, jaune, brune, griae, vcrte, fwif% 
according to their colour : — jh-ed or vaeillatiwf, 
— catarac'ta capeulo-lenticula'ria fixa vd frm'<- 
fi^, {Y.)Jixe ou branlante, according as they at 
fixed or movable behind the pupil. They art 
likewise called Caearae'fcs marmora'eiit, /««•- 
tra'tit, atella'tte, puncta'ta, d\midia*t<t, ^C, aa« 
cording to the appearances they present 

They may also bo nrnpU, or complicated wttk 
adhesion, amaurosis, specks, Ac. ; and primarf 
or primitive, when opake before the operation f— 
secondary, when the opacity ii the result of tilt 

The following classification of cataracts la bf 
M. Dcsmarres: 

Class L Tme Cataraeta, 


Stony or chalkj. 


barred, dehis- 

cent, with thret 

branches, iw: 

Disseminated, or 

. Glaucomatous. 
Morgagnian; tr 

Cystic, purulcaty 
Other varie- ( Shaking, or float- 
ties, 8ofl,hard, < ing. 
or liquid. ( Luxated. 

f Anterior. F^";^'^''""^ 
Pcterior. I Arid i.iliqa««e. 
All the varieties of lenticular 
and capsular cataracts. 

' Lenticular. 
^ Capsulo-lenticular. 

a. Lenticular 




b. Capsular 

c. Capsulo- 


d. Secondary 

Class IL FaUe Cataraeta. 


Cataract is commonly a disease of elderly in- 
dividuals, although, not unfVequently. congeu'itaL 
It forms slowly; objects are tt fir^t seen at 
through a mist ; light bodies appear to fly befort 
the eyes, and it is not until after months or yeari 
that the sight is wholly lost No means will ob« 
viatc the evil except an operation, which consifft 
in removing the obstacle to the passage of tht 




light to Um retina. Pour ohief methods are em- 
ployed for this purpose. 1. Couching or Dtpre*- 
•ton, Hyalouix'xt, Ifyolonyx't'*, (F.) AbatMemtntf 
JMplaeement de la Cataraete. This consists in 
imssing a cataract needle through the sclerotica 
and subjacent membranes, a little above the 
traaiTerse diameter of the eye; and at about two 
lines' distance from the eircumferenoe of the 
transparent cornea, until the point arrives in the 
poeterior chamber of the eye. With this the 
crystalline is depressed to the outer and lower 
part of the globe of the eye, where it is left. 
X Bjf aimorption, — by the French termed bnne- 
mentf or hruinng. This is performed in Uie same 
manner as the former; except that, instead of 
turning the crystalline from the axis of the visnal 
rays, it is divided by the cutting edge of the 
needle, and its fragments are scattered in the 
humours of the eye, where they are absorbed. 
3. Bjf txtractio%f which consists in opening, with 
a particular kind of knife, the transparent cornea 
and the anterior portion of the capsule of the 
crystalline ; and causing the lens to issue through 
the aperture. Eaoh of the processes has its i^- 
Taatages and disadvantages, and all are used by 
surgeons, i. Some, agun, pass a cataract needle 
through the te'ansparent oomea and pupil to the 
crystalline, and depress or cause its absorption. 
This is called Eeratonyxsis, which see. 

Cataract, Black, Amaurosis — c Capsular, 
aee Cataract — c Cf^sulo-lenticular, see Cataract 
' — c Centaral, Centradiaphanes — c. Cheesy, see 
Cataract — o. Congenital, see Cataract — c. Com- 
plicated, see Cataract — c. Fixed, see Cataract — 
e. Genuine, see Catsract — c. Hard, see Cataract 
— c Lenticular, see Cataract — e. Membranous, 
Me Cataract — e. Milky, see Cataract — c. Opake, 
Me Cataract — c Primary, see Cataract— c Primi- 
tive, see Cataract — c Secondary, see Cataract — 
c Simple, see Cataract — c Sof^ see Cataract — 
c Spnrions, see Cataract — c Stony, see Cataract 
— c. Vacillating, see Cataract. 

CATARACTA, Cataract— e. Arida sUiqnosa, 
see CiUaraet — c Capsulo-lenticniaris, see Cata- 
ract — c Centralis, Centradiaphanes — c Dimidi- 
ata, see Cataract — c Fenestrata, see Cataract — 
c. Olanca, Glaucoma — c. Laoticolor, see Cata- 
ract — c Liquida, Hygrocatumcta — e. Marmo- 
ncea, sm Cataract — c. Morgagniana, see Cata- 
ract — e. Nigra, Amaurosis — c Punctata, see 
Cataract — c Stellata, see Cataract. 

Cataract— e. Blanche, see Cataract — e. Branlante, 
Me Cataract — c Brune, see Cataract — e. Ca9(u§e, 
Me Cataract — e. DSplacement <U la, see Cataract 
^-c Fixt, see Cataract — e. Oritt, see Cataract — 
e. Jaune, SM Cataract — e. Laitev^, see Cataract 
— c Noire, Amaurosis, see Cataract — c. PerUi, 
Me Cataract — e. Pierr^ut, see Cataract— e. Vtrte, 
Me Cataract. 

CATARACTS, (F.) CaUtraetuB, Caiarae'td 
mHa'hu, One affected with cataract. The French 
VM this term, both for the eye affected with cata- 
ract and the patient himseUl 

CATARIA, BM Kepeta— e. Tnlgaris, Nepeta. 

CATARRH^ Catar*rhu9, Catar'rhopw, Catar. 
rhmfma, Shemma, De/lux'io, Cata$tag'ma, Phleg- 
matorrkag"ia,Phl€gmatorrhM*afttom. Kara, * down- 
wards,' and ftm, 'I flow.' A discharge of fluid 
from a mnoons membrane. The ancients consi- 
dered catarrh m a simple flux, and not as an in- 
flammation. Generally it partakes of this cha- 
racter, however. Catarrh is, with us, usually 
restricted to inflammation of the mucous mem- 
braae of the air-passages : the French extend it 
to that of all mucous membranes; (F.) Flux 
Fluxion eatarrhaU, 
rh, in the Knglish wnse, Broneko-eatar''' 

rhu», PuVmonary Catarrh, Lung fB9», {wiA* 
garly,) Rheuma Pee' tori; BeUilla'tio Pee'torit, 
Calar'rhue Pee'torin, 0. Pulmo'num, C, Pulmo^ 
na*li8, C, Bronchia'lie, Blennop'tuM, TWm oo- 
tarrha'li; timplex, Orave'do (of many), Fehrit 
Catarrha'lit, Blennotho'rax, Bronchi'tis, Catar*- 
rhua d Fri'gori, (F.) Catarrhe pulmonaire, Filvra 
CatarrhaU, Rhumc de Poitrine, a Cold, is a su- 
perficial inflammation of the mucous follicles of 
the trachea and bronchL It is commonly an in- 
fection of but little consequence, but apt to re- 
lapse and become chronic It is characterised 
by cough, thirst, lassitude, fever, watery eyes, 
with increased secretion of mucus from &e air- 
passages. The antiphlogistic regimen and time 
usually remove it — Sometimes, the inflammation 
of the bronchial tubes is so great u to prova 

Catajirh, Acvtb, of thb Utsrus, see Metri- 
tis — c. Chronic, Bronchitis, (chronic) — c. Dry, 
see Bronchitis — c Pulmonary, Bronchitis, Ca- 
tarrh — c. Rose, Fever, hay — o. Suffocating ner- 
vous, Asthma, Thymicum — o. Summer, Fever, 

Catarrh', Epdbm'ic, Catar'rhue epidem'ieue, 
C. d eonta'gio, Rheuma epidem'ieum. Catarrh 
prevailing owing to some particular Conttitutio 
airit, and affecting a whole country, — InfiuenMO, 


CATAR'RHAL, Oatarrha'lit, Caiarrho*ieua, 
Catarrhal icue, Catarrhoit'icue* Relating to 
catarrh, — as Catarrhal Fever. 

Ketritis — 0. Buccal, AphthsB, — c. ConvuUivt, 
Bronchitis — o. Gattrique, Gastritis — e. Outtural, 
Cynanche tonsillaris — c. ItUeetinal, Diarrhoea — 
e. Laryngien, Laryngitis ^ «. Na§al, Corysa — 
c. OeuUire, Ophthalmia— e. de V Oreille, Otir- 
rhoea — c Pharyngien, Cynanche parotidea — e. 
Pituiteux, Bronchorrhoea — e. Pulmonaire, Ca- 
tarrh — e. Sm! ; see Bronchitis — c. Stomaeal, Gas- 
trorrhoea — e. Utirin, Lenoorrhcsa — e. Fe'stco^ 

CATARRHEC'TICA, from Koraefnyrviit, *I 
break down.' Remedies considered proper for 
evacuating;— as diuretics, cathartics, Ac Hip- 


CATARRffEUX (F,) Catarrho'eue, One sub- 
ject to catarrh ; affected with catarrh. 

CATARRHEX'IA, Oatarrhex'ie ; same ety- 
mon M Caiarrhectiea, The action of Catarrhee- 
tica. Also, effusion; evacuation of the bowels* 

CATARRHEXIS, Catarrhexia, Szerement— 
c Vera, HsBmatochezia. 

CATARRHCEA, Rheumatism. 

CATARRHOET'ICUS, from Kenpetm, 'I flow 
from.' An epithet for diseaM produced by a 
discharge of phlegm ; catarrhal. 

CATAR'RHOPA PHT'MATA,fromMrapfo««(^ 
Karap^niis, * sloping downwards.' Tubercles tend- 
ing downwards, or with their apices downwards. 

CATARRHOPHE, Absorption. 


CATARRHOTIA, Catar*rhyeie, from earn 
' downwards,' and povn, * inclination.' An affloz 
of fluids towards the inferior parts, and espe- 
cially towards the viscera of the abdomen. The 
Greek word avappnta expresses an opposite phe- 
nomenon, or a tendency towards the upper partfc 


CATARRHOS'CHESIB, from nrmpfos, 'e^ 
tarrh,' and o^evif, ' suppression.' The suppres- 
sion of a mucous discbarge. 

CATARRHUS, Defloxion, Tussis— e. iEstivns^ 
fever, hay — c. Bellinsulanus, Cynanche paroti- 
dsBa — c. Bronchialis, Catarrh — c Bronchiomm» 
BronohiUs — c ik Contagio, Influenia— c Bgl> 




iitiaUnu, tnflaenia, Caturh, epidemio — e. Geni- 
talium, Leaoorrhoea — o. Gonorrhcea, Gt>noiThoea 
*— «. IntostinalU, Diarrhoea — o. Laryngeasy La- 
ryngo-catarrbuB— 0. ad Nares, Corysa— c. Nasa- 
lia, Coryza — o. Pnlmonalia, Catarrh — e. Pnlmo- 
num, Bronchitis, Catarrh — c. Senilis, Bronchitis, 
(chronic)—^. Saffoeatiyxis Barhadensis, C. trache- 
ali»-H). Traohealis, Laryngo-catarrhas — c. Ure- 
thra, Gonnorrhcea pura — c Urethralis, Gonor- 
rhcea-^c. Vesiees, Cystorrheea. 

CATARRHTSIS, Oatarrhopia, Deflttzion. 
0ATARTI8IS, Catartismus. 
CATARTIS'MUS, Cator'h'm, from mra^i^nv, 
'to repair, replace.' The coaptation of a luxated 
or fractured bone, or hernia. 
CATASARCA, Anasarca. 
CATASCBUE, Structure. 
CATASGHASMUS, Bloodletting, Scariflealion. 
GATASTAGMUS, Catarrh, Coryza. 
CATASTALAGMUS, Coryaa, Distillation. 
CATA8TALTICA, Hnmatostatica, SedatlTes. 
GATAS'TASIS, from nhorifitt, 'I establish.' 
The constitution, state, condition, Ae., of any 
thing. — Hippocrates. Also the reduction of a 
bone. See GonstitntioB, and Habit of Body. 

GATAT'ASIS, from Karanmt,*l extend'. Ex- 
tension. The extension and reduction of a frac- 
tured limb. — Hippocrates. 

CATATHLIP8I8, Oppression. 
CATAXIS, Fracture. 

CATCH FLT, Apocynnm androsamifoUnm, 
BUene Yirginica. 
CATCHUP, Ketchup. 

OAT'ECHU. The extract of rarions parts of 
the Aea'eia Cat'echuy Jfimo'ta Ca^eekuf Caa^- 
eku, an oriental tree. The drug is also called 
Ttrra Japon'iea, Extrae'tum UateehUf Japan 
Earthf CfuekeUy Oadtehu, CiukoWf Oaitchu, Ocut- 
. jotf Cacau, Cote, Kaath, Cfuti, Outek, GAra, Sue- 
euM Japon'ieH9f (F.) Cetehou. It is a powerful 
astringent, and is used in diarrhoea, intestinal he- 
morrhage, Ac Dose, gr. xv to ^ss, in powder. 
Catbchct, SquARx, see Kauclea gambir. 
CATEIAD'ION, from mm, and cia, < a blade 
of grass.' A long instrument thrust into the 
nostrils to excite hemorrhage inheadach. — 
CATEN JS MU8CULUS, Tibialis anticus. 
CATBONESIS, Catantlema. 
CATGUT, Galega Virginiana. 
CATH^'RESIS, icadat^K, 'subtraction, di- 
minution.' Extenuation or exhaustion, owing to 
fwoed exercise. — Hippocrates. The «ction of 
CATHiBRETICUS, Catheretic 
CATHARI8M0S, Depuration. 
CATHAR'MA, Pwrgameneum, The matter 
•Taouated by a purgative, or 1^ spontaneous 
imrging : also, a cathartic. 

CATHAR'MUS, Same etymon ; a purgation. 
— Hippocrates. Also, the cure of a disease by 
mwiOi Ac. 

CATHAR'SIS, from «ad«i^tr, {xaS^ and at^r, 
•to take away,') 'to purge.' Purga*tio, Apoca- 
thar*H9f Oopropho'ria, Coprophore'M. A natu- 
ral or artificial j>«f^alio» of any passage; — mouth, 
ft&ns, Tagina, Ac. 

CATHAR'TIC, Caihar'tiew, Cathare'tiew, 
Catkor'mOf CoproerHfieumj Coprago*gum, Lvtra- 
mtmu't^tm, Purgana medieament'um,TriekiU*im, De- 
JMlttfrium Remed^ium, Eeeathar'tiew, Hypaeti- 
eu9,ffopoekorei'%eu9, Alvum evae'vant, ffyptVatot, 
ItajMe^tieu*, Apoeathar'tiew. Same etymon. (F.) 
{hthartique, A medicine which, when taken b- 
tomally, increases the number of alvine eracua- 
tt'wa. Bono substances act upon the upper part 

of the intestinal canal, as calomel and eohcfnA j 
others, on the lower part, as aloet / and some <m& 
the whole extent, as •aline purgatives. Hence a 
choice may be necessary. Cathartics are divided 
into purgatives and laxatives. The following is 
a list of the chief cathartics : 

Aloe, Cassia Marilandica, Colocynthis, Elate- 
rium, Gambogia, Hydrargyri Chloridum mite, 
Hydrargyri Ozydnm nigrum, Hydrarg. cunt 
MagnesiSi, Jalapa, Juglans, Magnesia. HagnesisB 
Carbonas, Mognesisd Sulphas, Manna, Mannitay 
Oleum Euphorbia Lathyridis, Oleum Ricini, 
Oleum Tiglii, Podophyllum, Potassss Acetas, Po- 
tasssB Bisulphas, Potasesa Sulphas, Potassss Bi- 
tartras, PotasssB Tartras, Rheum, Scammonium, 
Senna, Sinapis, SodsB et Potassss Tartras, Bodss 
Phosphas, SodsB Sulphas, Sodi Chloridum, 8nU 
phur, Veratria, Aquss Minerales SulpfauresB el 
Salinn, Enemata, Suppositoria. 

CATHARTIN, see Cassia Senna» and Coa- 
volvulus jalapa. 

CATHEMERUS, Quotidian. 
CATHERET'IC, ObMcsret'tciw, EetyhficnM^ 
Sareoph'agtu, from ica^atpttv, * to eat,' ' destroy.' 
Substances applied to warts, exuberant graanla- 
tions, Ac, to eat them down. Mild cauttiet* 

CATH'ETER, from Ka^m^i (Kaff, and cupc, 'to 
send,') ' I explore.' jEne'a, Atgalie, Catketi'rU, 
DtmifOTf Immu'»or, A hollow tube, introduced 
by surgeons into the urinary bladder, for th« 
purpose of drawing olT the urine. Catheters are 
made of silver or elastic gum. See Bougie. Th« 
French generally use the word etUheter tat the 
solid tound or ttaff; and algodit and mmde for 
the hollow instrument. 

Cathbteb, Nasal. An instrument, invented 
by M. Gensoul, of Lyons, for oatheterising the 
ductus ad nasum. It is hook-shaped ; the extre- 
mity, bent at a right angle, is about an inch \n 
length, suited to &e distance of the lower orifice 
of the duct from the nostril, and likewise to the 
length and form of the duct» with a slight sfural 
CATHETBRIS, Catheter. 
CATHETERISIS, Catheterismus. 
CATHETERIS'MUS, Caihete'rUit, Catketeri^ 
ta'iio, Oatk'€Uri$m, CatheteriiM'tion, Immi^mo 
Caih^te'ritf same etymon. The introduction of a 
catheter oir sound into the bladder or Eustachian 
tube. Also probing a wound. Melosis. 
CATHETERIZATION, Catheterismus. 
CATH'ETERIZE. To perform the operation 
of catheterism; — ^in other words, to introduce the 
catheter, to probe or sound a cavity. 

CATHID'RTSIS, from M5idp»«, <I place to- 
gether.' Reduction of a part to its natural situ* 
CATHMIA, Plumbi oxydum flemi-vitraom. 
CATHMIR, Calamina. 

CATHOD'IC, Caihod*ieu»; from c«^, 'down- 
wards,' and Moc, ' a way.' An epithet applied by 
Dr. Marshall HaU to a downward ooorae of aar- 
vous action. 

tholiquet, are the fluids spread over the whole 
Cathol'icon Dvplbx. An aadent purging 
electuary, chiefly composed of eassi% tamarindsy 
rhubarb, senna, Ac. 
CATIL'LI A. A weight of nine oui< 




CATLIN0, Kaifoy doable-edged. 

CATO, Karu, 'below/ 'beneath/ This word, 
in tbe writiiigB of Hippoeratee, ie often need for 
the abdomen, eepecially tbe intestines. When he 
adriMf a remedy mitm, he meane a parga^ve ; 
when a9u, 'abore or upward*/ an emefiio. As a 
prefix, Goto means ' beneath/ as in 

CATOCATHARTIC, Catocathar'tieu», from 
marm, 'downwards,* and Ka^aiptt*, 'I purge.' A 
medicine which purges downwards. One that 
produces alrine evacuations. The antithesis to 


CAT'OCUfi, Cat'ockeit, Cat*oekn9, from MTtxt*, 
' I retain,' ' I hold fast.' This word ha^, by some, 
been used synonymously with Catalepsy ; by 
others, with Coma Tigil ; by others, with Tetanus. 

CATOCHUS, Catoche, Ecstasis— c. Cernnus, 
Tetanus— e. Holotonicns, Tetanus-— c Infantum, 
Induration of the ooUalar tissue. 

CATOMIS'MOS, from jcarM, < beneath/ and 
•^•f, 'shoolder/ StAhumera'tio, A mode with 
the ancients of reducing luxation of the humerus 
bj raising the body by the arm. — Paulus of ^gina. 

CATOPTER, Speculum. 

BYR. When a lighted candle is held before the 
eye, tbe pupil of which has been dilated by bella- 
donna, three images of it are seen — two erect, and 
one inverted : -^ the former owing to reflection 
from the eomea and anterior surface of the crys- 
talline; the latter owing to reflection from the 
postfertor layer of the crystalline. -This mode of 
nxamining the eye has been proposed as a means 
o£ diagnosis between cataract and amaurosis. In 
the latter, all the images are seen. 

CATOPTROMANCT, from cer««r|mr, (care, 
smd e«r«/ic(,) 'a mirror/ and pMrru; 'divination.' 
A kind of divination by means of a mirror. 

CATOPTRON, Speeulum. 

CATORCHI'TES. A kind of soar wine, pre- 
partd with the orchis and black grape, or dried 
figi. It was formerly employed as a diuretic and 
cmmenagogue. — ^Dioscorides. Called, also^ Sjfci'- 
lesu — Galen. 



CATO'TICA, from can*, ' beneath.' Diseases 
infecting internal surfaces. Pravity of the fluids 
or emunctoriee, that open on the internal surfaces 
of organs. The second order in the elass Eocri- 
tica of Good. 

CATOX'YS, Ptraeu*tu9y from xara, 'an inken- 
tive,' and •(»(, 'acute.' Highly acute ; as Morhnt 
Catoxy^, M. Peracn'tH*, a very acute disease. 


CAT'SFOOT, Antennaria dioica. 

CATTAGAUMA, Cambogia. 


CATULOTICA, Cioatrisantia. 

CATU-TRIPALI, Piper longum. 

CAUCALIS CAROTA, Daucui earota— e. 6a- 
aieula, Sanicula. 


CAUCASIAN, see Homo. 

CAUCHEMAR, Ineubus. 


CAUCHUC, Oaoutchouo. 

CAUDA, Coccyx, Penis. 

Cadda Eqci'ha. The spinal marrow, at its 
termination, about the second lumbar vertebra» 
gives off a considerable number of nerves, which, 
when onrarelled, resemble a horse's tail, — bonce 
the name; (F.) Queue de ChevtU, Q,<Ula MoiiU 
Mpini^e* See Medulla Spinalis. 

Cau»a Salax, Penis. 

CAUDAL, Caudate, Cauda'lie, Oauda'iu*; fit>m 
eauda, 'a tail.' Relating or appertaining to a 
tmL B*Ting a tail or tail-like append^:-— 

as 'caudal or eaudeU€ corpnsoles' — oorposelef 
having a tail-like appendage, sa in canceroii* 

CAUDATE, Caudal. 

CAUDATIO, Clitorism. 

CAUDATUS, Bicaudatus. 

dles is a small town, nine leagues from Perpig« 
nan, in France, where there is a thermal springy 
containing a little sulphate of soda and iron. 

CAUDLE : (F.) Ckaudeau, ekaud, ' warm or 
hot.' A nourishing gruel given to women during 
the childbed state. The following is a form foic 
it : Into a pint of fine gruci, not thick, put, whilst 
it is boiling hot, the yolk of an egg beaten witl^ 
sugar, and mixed with a large spoonful of cold 
water, a glass of wine, and nutmeg. Mix tha 
whole well together. Brandy is sometimes sub- 
stituted for the wine, and lemon peel or capillaira 
added. It is also sometimes made of gruel and 
beer, with sugar and nutmeg. 

CAUL, from (L.) caula, *a fold,' Pilae, PiU'^ 
olue, Ga'Ua, Vitta, (F.) Cotfe, Co\ffe — {Etre ni 
eoeffi — 'to be bom with a caul.') The English 
name for the omentum. When a child is bom 
with the membranes over the face, it is said to 
have been ' bom witk a caul,* In the catalogue 
of superstitions, this is one of the favourable 
omens. The caul itself is supposed to confer 
privileges upon the possessor; hence the mem- 
branes are dried, and sometimes sold for a high 
price. See Epiploon. 

CAULE'DON, Cicye'don,tromKm,\et, 'astalk.' 
A transverse fracture. 

CAU'LIFLOWER, (G.) Kohl, 'cabbage,' and 
Jlower [ ? ], Brassica Florida. 

Cauliplowir ExcRBs'cBNca, EjcerescenUia 
Sypkiiit'iea, (F.) Okoujleur. A syphilitic ex- 
crescence, which appears about the origin of tha 
mucous membranes, chiefly about the anus and 
vulva, and which resembles, in appearance, tha 
head of the cauliflower. 

CAULIS, Penia— c. Florida, Brassica Florida. 

Leon'tid tkalieiroVdee, Blueberry Cokoek, Cokoehp 
Cokuek, Blueberry, Papooee Boot, Squaw Boot, 
Blue Oitueng, YeUow Giueeng, a plant of the Fa* 
wUly Berberidess; Sex. SyeL Hexandria Mono- 
gynia, which grows all over the United States, 
flowering in May and June. The infusion of the 
root is much used by the Indians in various dis- 
eases. To it are ascribed emmonagogue and dia* 
phoretic virtues. 

CAULOPLE'GIA, from cavXo;, 'the male or- 
gan,' and tXvyv, 'a wound,' or 'stroke.' An in- 
jury or paralysis of the mide organ. 

CAULORRUAGIA, SUmatosis— c. Ejaculato- 
ria, Spermato-eystidorrhagia — c StUlatitia, Ure- 


CAULUS, Penis. 

CAUMA, Kavfta, 'a burnt part,' from «««, 'I 
bum.' Great heat of the body or atmosphere. 
Synocha, Empresma. 

Cauma Bronchitis, Cynanche tracboalis — e. 
Carditis, Carditis — c. Enteritis, Enteritis — a 
Gastritis, Gastritis — c. Hssmorrhagicum, Hsemor- 
rhagia aetiva — c. Hepatitis, Hepatitis — c. Oph* 
thalmitis, Ophthalmia— c. Peritonitis, Peritonitis 
— e. Phrenitis, Phrenitis — o. Pleuritis, Pleuritaa 
— 0. Podagricum, Gout— o. Rhenmatismus, Rhea- 
matism, acute. 

CAUMATO'DES, Caumate'rue, from ca«a% 
'flre-heat' Burning hot. Febrie eaumato'dee^ 
F, eaueo'dea. Inflammatory fever. Bynooha. 

CAUNGA, Areoa. 

Continensi Cause, proximate. 




CAXTSiE ABDITM, CMues, predisponent or 
remote — o. ActualeB, Cansefl, occMional— o. Pra- 
incipientes, Caaftes, procatarctio — c Profe'game- 
1190, Causes, predisponent. 

CAUSE, Cau'»a, Ai'tia, Ai'tion, An act which 
precedes another, and seems to he a necessary 
condition for the occurrence of the latter. The 
causes of disease are generally extremely ob- 
scure; although they, sometimes, are evident 
enough. The preditponent and occanonal causes 
are the only two, on which any stress can be 
laid; but as authors hare divided them differ- 
ently, a short explanation is necessary. 

Cause, Ac'cessort, (F.) Cause Aeceatoire, 
One which has only a secondary influence in the 
production of disease. 

Causes, Accident' al, Common Caves, (F.) 
Cauaet Aceidentelle*, are those which act only 
in certain given conditions; and which do not 
always produce the same disease. Cold, e. g., 
may be the accidental cause of pneumonia, rheu- 
matism, Ac. 

CAUSES CACh£eS, C. occult^-o. Common, 
C. accidental — c. Exciting, C. Ocoasional^-c Es- 
sentia^, C. Specific — c. DitermifMHtee, C. Specific 
— c. Eloignif, C. Predisponent. 

Causes, ExTSiur'AL, (F.) Oawee extemee, are 
such as act externally to the individual ; as air, 
cold, Ac 

CAUSES FORMELLES, (F.) are such as 
determine the form or kind of disease. They 
differ from the Cautet matfriellea, which are 
common to a set of diseases ; as, to the neuroses, 
phlegmasisB, Ac, 

Causes, Hidden, C. Occult 

Causes, Intern'al, (F.) Cautet Internet, are 
those which arise within the body ; — as mental 
emotions, Ac. 

Causes, Mechan'ical, (F.) CaMee mSeaniquee, 
are those which act mechanically, as pressure 
upon the windpipe in inducing suffocation. 

Causes, Nrq'ative, (F.) Cokm nftfatirea, com- 
prise all those things, the privation of which 
may derange the functions ; — as abstinence too 
long continued. They are opposed to potitive 
eautet, which, of themselves, directly induce dis- 
ease ; — as the use of indigestible food, spirituous 
drinks, Ac. 

Causes, Obscure, C. Occult 

Causes, Occa'sional, Exei'ting Cavtet, Canea 
actua'let, (F.) Cautee occationetlea, are those 
which immediately produce disease. The occa- 
sional causes have been divided into the cogniz- 
able and non-cognixable, — C. J. B. Williams. 





I. Cognitahle AgenU, 

1. MechanicaL 

2. Chemical. 

3. Ingesta. 

4. Bodily exertion. 

5. Mental emotion. 

6. Excessive evacuation. 

7. Suppressed or defective evacua- 


8. Defective cleanliness, ventilation 

and draining. 

9. Temperature and changes. 

II. Non-CogninahU AgenU, 

1. Endemic. '\ 

2. Epidemic. > Poisons. 

3. Infectious. J 

Causes, Occult', Hidden eaH»e», Obncure cauaet, 
(F.) CauMS occultet on caehiee on obtcvres. Any 
amiueg with which ire are onaequainted ; al80| 

certidn inappreciable characters of the 
sphere, which give rise to epidemics. 

Causes, Phts'ical, (F.) Cautet PhyHqmm^^ 
those which act by virtue of their physiw pi»- 
perties ; as form, hardness, Ac All vialneniiif 
bodies belong to this class. 

Causes, PHT8f0L0o"iCAL, (F.) Cautet Phgth* 
logiquet, those which act only on living maitar; 
— narcotics, for example. 

Causes, Prbdispo'nknt, Remote eaiuet, Cmmm 
pro'<fgu'men<E, Causa ab'dita, CauuB re » u /tmt 
(F.) Cnute* prfdi»ponantea, Cavsee iloigniea,r' 
those which render the body liable to diseass. 
They may be general, affecting a number of peo- 
ple, or particular, affecting only one person. 

Causes, Prin'cipal, (F.) Cau$ta priMe^palfS 
— those which exert the chief influence on the 
production of disease, as distinguished from the 
aceeuortf cau»e». 

Causes, Procatarc'tic, Cau»a procatare^H^tt, 
CautiB praincipien'tee, from vpojcaropcrcce^ 'the 
origin or beginning of a thing,' {KmrMfx^, 'Ib^ 
gin,' and «rpo, * before.') These words have beta 
used with different significations. Some have 
employed them synonymously with preditpomad 
or remote eauaea; others with occaeional or crcdt 
ing caueee, 

CAUSE PROCHAINE, C. proximata. 

Cause, Prox'imatk, Canaa prox'ima rd esii'* 
tinen* vel conjune'ta, (F.) Cauee continente on'jptv* 
ckaine, may be the disease itself SuperabondaMt 
of blood, e. g:, is the proximate cause of plethenk 

Causes, Remote, C. predisponent 

Causes, Specip'ic, Batn'tial cavaee, Ae., (T.) 
Cauact apicijiquea, C, eaaeniiellea, C. ditermimmnfmg 
those which always produce a determinale dis- 
ease ; special contagion, for example. 

CAUSIS, Bum, Ebullition, Fermentatioii, I». 
cendium, Ustion. 

CAUSOMA, Inflammation. 

CAUS'TIC, Caue'tieua, Cauterefieua, JDimwf' 
ieua, Ero'dena, Adu'rena^ Urena, Pyroficut, fron 
xaiw, ' I bum.' (F.) Canatiqwe. Bodies, whiek 
have the property of causticity ; and which con- 
sequently, bum or disorganise animal substances. 
The word is also used substantively. The moat 
active are called Eacharot'ica, Caustics are also 
termed 'corrosives.' 

Caustic Bearer, Porte-pierre. 

CAUSTICA ADUSTIO, Cauterisation. 

CAUSTICITY, Cauatir/Utaa, from icavwnwH, 
'that which bums,' (ratw, <I bum.) The im]ves- 
sion which caustic bodies make on the organ of 
tast«; or, more commonly, the propertj which 
distinguiyhes thoi^e bodies. 


Melan'icum caua'ticum, A sort of paste, made bj 
rubbing powdered aaffron with concentrated tvl. 
phuric acidf recommended by Velpeau as a caus- 
tic in coses of gangrenous and carcinomatous ul> 
eers. The acid is the caustic: the saffron, ths 
conFtituent merely. 

CAUSTiruM Alkalinum. Potassa fnsa — c. Ame* 
ricanuin, Vcratmm sabadilla— -c AnUmonialc^ 
Antimoninm rouriatum. 

Causticum Commu'nR, Poten'tial Camtery, Com' 
num Cauatic, Caute'rium potentia'li, I^pia afp'' 
ticua, Cau9^ti<um commn'ui mit'iua. This con- 
sit>tB of quicklime and blaci: aoap, of each equal 

Causttcux Cohmune, Potassa ftisa — c. Com- 
mune aoerrimum, Potas^fa fusa — c. Commune fbr- 
tius. Pntat>f<a cum calcc— c. Lunare, Argenti nitras 
— c. Potentiale, Potassa fusa — o. Salinum, Po- 
tassa fbpa— c. Yienncnse fusum FilhoSi soe Pow- 
der, Vienna. 




CAaSTJQUS, Canstio. 

CAUSTIQUS FILUOS, see Powder, Vienna. 


GAUSUS, fVom Kaim, <I bum.' A highly ar- 
dent fever ; Dtvfren; Pinel regards it a« a com- 
plication of bilious and Lnflammatory fever; 
Broiusais, as an intense gastritis, accompanied 
with bilious symptoms. See Synocba. 

Causus, Endsxial, of thb West Indies, 
Fever, Yellow — c Tropicus endemicus. Fever, 

CAUTER, Cauterinm. 

OAUTEEEj Canterinm, Fontienlui — c Inki- 
T€ntt Inherent cautery. 


Cauterets is a bnurg seven leagues from Bar6ges 
iHaute»-PyriHi€9,) France. The waters are by- 
droBulphurous and thermal — temperature 123°F. 
They are used in the same cases as the Bareges 

CAUTERIASMUS, Cauterisation. 

CAUTE'RIUM, Cauterium aetua'U, Cauter, 
CauUery, Inuato'riumf Eupto'rinmf JgnU aetua'litf 
from Mitf, ' I bum.' (F.) CauUre, Feu aettteL A 
substance, used for ' firing,' burning or disorga- 
nizing the parts to which it is applied. Cauteries 
were divided by the anoients into tu^ual and po- 
UtuiaL The word is now restricted to the red- 
hot iron; or to positive burning. It was, for- 
merly, much used for preventing hemorrhage 
from divided uteries; and also with the same 
views as a blister. The term Poten'tial Oautery, 
CauU'rium potentia'U, Iffni* ftoUntia'liM, {¥.)Feu 
fotenHelf was generally appbed to the eawHeutn 
epstsMMe, but it is now used synonymously with 
caustic in general. CatUkrt also means an issue. 

Cauterium Actuals, Canterinm. 

CAUTERIZA'TION, CbiKerua'tio, Cau*«nas'- 
mu»f Exu^tioy Inut'tw, Cau^tieaAdu*'tio, Firing. 
The effect of a cautery. The French, amongst 
whom eauterisation is much used, distinguished 
fira kinds : 1. CavUritation Inhirente, which con- 
sists in applying the actual eautery fireely, and 
with a certain degree of force, so as to disorganize 
deeply. 2. CauUrisation tranteurrente, which 
consists in passing the edge of the Caviare evUel- 
lair€, or the point of the Cautire eonique lightly, 
9o UB not to <^sorganise deeply. 3. CautSrUation 
par poinUtf which consists in applying on the 
skin, here and there, the hot point of the conical 
cautery, with suffidenl force to cautoize the 
whole thickness of the skin. 4. Cauiirimtion 
t€uU, slow eauteriMtUioH, by means of the moxa. 
6. Cautiruatum objective, which consists in hold- 
ing the cautery at some distance from the part 
to be acted upon by it. 

Cau'tbrizb; Oau»tteo adurtn; (F.) GSau- 
tiruer. To apply the cautery. To bum with a 

CAOTERT, Canterinm— 0. Potentia], Cansti- 
eum commune. 

CAVA, Vulya. 

Cata VsicA, Vena fupatVttt. The hollow or 
deep-seated rein. (F.) Veine eave, A name 
given to the two great veins of the body, which 
meet at the right auricle of the heart. The vena 
€a9a •vpe'rtor, ikorae^'ica vel deeeen'detUf is 
formed by the union of the subclaTians ; and re- 
oeires successively, before its termination at the 
upper part of the right auricle, the inferior thy- 
rotd, rigkt internal mammary , euperior diaphrag- 
matie, anygoe, Ac. The vena cava in/e'rior, ab- 
domina'lie vel aecen'dene^ arises from the union 
of the two primary Uiaee, opposite the fourth or 
fifth lumbar vertebra, receives the middle eaeral, 
Immbar, right epermatie, hepatic, and inferior dia* 

phragmatice, and oiiens at the posterior and in- 
ferior part of the right auricle. 

CAVATIO, Cavity. 

CAVEA, Cavity — c. Narium, Nares. 

CAVER'NA, Antmm. <Aeavem.' This term 
has been used fur the female organs of generation. 
See Cavity, and Vulva. 

Cavekna Nariux, Nares. 

Frontis, Frontal Sinuses. 

CA VERNEUX, Cavernous. 

CAVERNOUS, Caoemo'ttue, (F.) Cavemetix. 
Filled with small cavities or caverns, — as a 

Catebnous Bodies, Cor'pora (7at«r«io«'a of the 
penis, Cor'pora nervo'ea, C, Ner'veo^epongio'ea 
Pent*, (F.) Corpe Cavemeux, The corpus caver- 
nosum is a kind of cylindrical sac, composed of 
cells ; separated, through its whole extent, by a 
vertical, incomplete septum, Septum ptctinifur' • 
mif and forming nearly two-thirds of the penis. 
The eorpue cavemoeunif on each side, arises from 
the ascending portion of the ischium, and tenni« 
nates obtusely behind the glans. The arteries 
of the corpora cavernosa come from the internal 
pudio. See Helicine Arteries. Nerves are found 
on the surface of the outer membrane, but they 
do not appear to penetrate the substance, and the 
smooth muscular fibre has been traced into the 
fibrous panetes of the cells, as in the case of all 
erectile tissues. 

J. Miiller's researches have led him to infer, 
that both in man and the horse, the nerves of the 
corpora cavernosa are made up of branches pro- 
ceeding from the organic as well as the animal 
system, whilst the nerves of animal life alone 
provide the nerves of sensation of the penis. 

Cavernous Bodies, Corpora Cavemoea of the 
Clit'ori*f are two hollow crura, forming the clitoris. 

Cavernous Boot op thb Vaoi'na, Uorpua Co* 
vemo'eum Vagina, Plexue retiform'te, is a sub- 
stance composed of blood-vessels and cells, simi- 
lar to those of the penis and clitoris, which covers 
the outer extremity of the vagina, on each side. 
It serves to contract the entrance to the vagina 
during coition. 

Cavernous Qanguon, see Carotid or Carotio 

Cavernous Rbspira'tion, (P.) When a cavity 
exists in the lungs, and one or more ramifications 
of the bronchia terminate in it, a loud tubal noise 
is emitted, provided the cavity be not filled with 
fluid, which is called cavemoua respiration. In 
this condition, the cough is cavemove likewise, 
(F.) Toux Cavemeuee. When the capacity of the 
cavern is very great, the sound of the respiration 
is like that produced by blowing into a decanter, 
with the mouth at a little distance from the neck. 
This kind of cavernous respiration has been called 
amphoric, from amphora, 'a flask;' (F.) Reepi- 
ration amphorique, SouJU an^horiqve, S. mital- 

The Veiled Pnff, (F.) Sovjle voili, is a modi- 
fication of the cavernous respiration, in which, 
according to La^'nnec, '' a sort of movable veil 
interposed between the excavation and the ear" 
seems to be agitated to and fro. It is a sign 
which is not attended to. 

Cavbbnous Sinus, Sinye Cavemo'eue, Sinue 
•polymor'phue sen Reeeptae'ulum, S. ephenoidalie, 
Reeepta^ulum eella equi'ntt lat^eribue appot'itum, 
(F.) Sinue cavemeux. The Cav'emoue Si'nueee 
are venous cavities of the dura mater, filled with 
a multitude of reddish, soft filaments, intersect- 
ing each other; and, as it were, reticulated. 
They commence behind the inner part of the 
sphenoid fissure, pass backwards on the sides of 
the fossa pituitaxiny and terminate by opening 




tnto a cayity, common to the snperior and Infe- 
rior petrosal ifinuses. They receive some menin- 
geal veins, the o)>hthalmic veins, Ac. The ante- 
rior extremity of each cavernous sinus has been 
named the ojththai'mic «i'ntui. 

Cavernovs Texture or Tissue, (F.) Tia»u 
eavcrncux. The sponj;y subi(tance which forms 
the greater part of the penis and clitoris. It 
seems to com^ist of a very complicated lace-work 
of arteries and veins j and, probably, of nervous 
filaments, with small fibrous plates, which form 
by their de<*a88ation numerous cells communicat- 
ing with each other. This spongy texture pro- 
duces erection, by dilating and swelling on the 
influx of blood ; and probably, also, by virtue of 
some property inherent in it. 

CAVIALK, Caviare. 

CAVIARE', Caviar, Caviale, Kariac. A culi- 
nary preparation, much used by certain people, 
and' made on the shores of the Black and Caspian 
Seas, from the roe of the sturgeon, mixed with 
salt and other condiments. 

CAVIC'ULA, CavU'la, from cavn; 'hollow.' 
The ankle or sjiacc between the malleolL Some 
have given this name to the os cunciforme. See 


CAVIIiLA, Astragalus, Cavicula. 

c. Buccinata, Cochlea — c. Cochleata, Cochlea. 

Cavitas Digitata Ventricuu Latkraus, 
Comu posterius vontriculi lateralis. 

Cav'itas Ellip'tica, Ampul'taf Sinu» ampul- 
la'ceuM, A dUatation at one end of the semicir- 
cular canals of the ear. 

' Cavitas Huxbri Qlexoides, see Glenoid — e. 
Narium, Nares — o. Oouli, Orbit^-c. Oris, Mouth 
— c. PulpSB, see Tooth. 

CAVITATBS CEREBRI, Ventricles of the 
brain — c. Dune matris. Sinuses of the dura mater 
— c. Innominatse, Auricles of the heart — o. Inter- 
Bcapulares, see Interscapularis. 

CA VTTEj Cavity— c. />entatre, Dental cavity— 

e. deti Fpiploont, see Peritoneum — e. du Tympan, 

CAVITY, Cav'itag, Ontmm, Cn'lnteii, Cfrlon, 
fa'rca, Cnver'naf Cava'tio, (F.) Caritf. Every 
thing hollow, as the cranium, mouth, nasf^ 
fossae, Ac. 

Cavities, Splaschxic, (P.) CavitiM 9planch' 
niqne*, are those which contain the viscera. 
They are three in number ; — the cranium, chest, 
and abdomen. The cavities of bones, connected 
with joints or otherwise, are described under 
their particular denominations. 

CAVUM, Cavity — c. Abdominis, see Abdomen. 

Cavum Cra'xii, Venter Supre'mM. The cavity 
formed by the proper bones of the cranium. 

Cavum Dentis, see Tooth — c. Narium, Nares 
— c. Oris. Mouth— c Tympani, Tympanum. 

CAYAN, Phaseolus Creticus. 

CAZABI. Jatropha manihot 

CEAX0TU08, Cirsium arvense. 

Trincrvis, Celastrns. 

CEAR, Heart. 

CEASMA, Fissure. 

CKBI QALLFNA The Uver of the fowl, 
bnised. — Castelli. 

CEBIP'ARA. A large Brazilian tree,.whose 
bitter and astringent bark is used in making anti- 
rheumatic baths and fomentations 

CECES. see Quercus alba. 

Cy£ciTJl, Crocitas. 

CEDAR. RED, Junipems Virginiana. 

CEDE I A, Embalming. 

CEBMAf Anearism, Variz. 

CED'MATA, Kti/tarm, Rheumatic pains of A« 
joints, especially of the hips, groin, or grottd 
organs. A form of gout or rheumatism. 

CEDRAT, Citrus medica. 

CEDRELE'UM, from Kti^, 'the cedar/ «b4 
cAaiov, ' oil.* The oil of cedar. — Pliny. 

CE'DRIA, Ce'drinm, Ct'drinum, Cedri Ud^, 
rymaf Alkitran, The oil or resfn which flovi 
from the cedar of Lebanon. It was rapporcd t0 
possess great virtues. — Hippocrates, FoSrioi^ 
Scribonius Largus, Dioecorides. It has beat 
supposed to be the same as the pyroligneooi 
acid* See Pinus Sylvestris. 

prepared by steeping half a pound of bmiMd 
cedar berries in six French pints of iweet wSae. 
It is diuretic and subastringent. 

CEDRI'^TES, from Kc^pof, 'the cedar.' A vlM 
prepared from the resin of cedar and sweet wiM. 
It was formerlv employed as a vermifuge, 4«. 

CEDRIUM,* Cedria. 

CEDROMELA, see Citrus medica. 

CEDRON, see Simaba cednm. 

CEDRONELLA, Melissa— e. Triphylla, Bn. 
cocephalum canaricnse. 

CEDROS, Junipems lycia. 

CEDROSTIS, Brvonla alba. 

CEDRUS BACCIFERA, Juniperae labiaft— 
c Mahogani, Sweetenia maJioganL 

CEfNTUREf Cingulum, Herpes soster. 

ROlDEy Ciliary ligament 

CEINTURE DARTREUSE, Herpes xoirtcp— 
e. de Hildane, Cingulum Hildani — e. de V^f At* 
geiitf Cingulum mercuriale. 

CELANDINE, Impatiens — c. Common, ChtH* 
donium majus— c. Lesser, Ranunculus flearia— e. 
Poppy, Stvl^iphorum diphyllum. 

CELAS'TRUS, Cefat'tu$, Ceano'thiu Ameri^ 
ea^nu» sen triner'rh, New Jeney Tea, Red RooL 
Used by the American Indians, in the same man- 
ner as lobelia, for the cure of syphilis. It !• 
slightly bitter and somewhat astringent. A 
strong infusion of the dried leaves and seeds luui 
been reeommebded in aphthsB, and as a gargle in 

Celastrus Scaxdexs, Ofimhtng Stajftret. A 
climbing American shrub, the bark or which Itf 
said to possess emetic, diaphoretic, and narootio 

CELATfON, (F.) Conci^lment, firom e^iar^g 
'to conceal.' A word used by French medico- 
legal writers for cases where there has been ooB- 
cealment of pregnancy or delivery. 

CELE, KiiXtj, 'a tumour, protrusion, ormptvatf 
a very common suffix, as in hydrocele, bnbono« 
cele, Ac. See Hernia, 

CEL'ERY, (F.) Cfleri, The English name for 
a variety of Apium graveoUnt. 

Cklerv. Wild. Bubon galbanum. 

CELETA, see Hernial. 

CELIA, Cerevisia. 

c/:LTAQUE, Ccrliac. 

CELIS, iri7Aif, ' a spot^ a stain.' * A fnacula, or 
spot on the skin. 

CELL, Cello. A small cavity. The same sig- 
nification as c«llule. Also, a vesicle composed 
of a membranous effl-icalf, with, usually, liquid 
contents. The whole organized body may be re- 
garded as a congeries of cells having different 
endowments, each set being concerned in special 
acts, connected with absorption, nutrition, and 
secretion, wherever an action of selection or ela* 
boration has to be effected. These cells are gene- 
rally termed priwary, elementary^ or prfmordiat^ 
When they give rise to other cells, they are, al 
times, termed parent or Mother cell* j the retuU* 
ing ccUft beinf^ termed daughter cells. 




Cbll* ApopLBcnOy lee Apopleotio cell — e. 
Bronchie, Cellule, bronchio — c Caleigerons, we 
Tooth — c. Daaghter, lee Cell — e.. Blementary, 
Me Cell. 

Cbll, Epider'xio or Bpithb'ual. The oelU 
or corpttBcles that corer the free membraaous sor- 
Cftce* of the body, and whieh form the epidermie 
and epiLhelittm, are termed ' tpidermie or eptthe- 
lial ctU*.* They are developed from germs fur- 
Aiebed by the aubjaeent membrane. 

Cbll, EprrBBUAL, Cell, epidermie — c. Fat, 
■ce Fatty vesicles — e. Qerm, Cytoblast — e. Ger- 
minal, see CytobUtft — o. Nuoleated, see Cyto- 

CtsLL LxPB. The life which is possessed by 
the Beporate cells that form the tissaes, and by 
which the nutrition of (he tissues is presumed to 
be effected. 

Ceul., Mother, see Cell — o. Parent, see CelL 

CcLL, PioxBNT. Pigment cells are mingled 
with the epidermic cells, and are most manifest 
In the coloured races. They are best seen on the 
inner surface of the choroid of the eye, where 
thev form the pigmtiUum nigrum. 

Cell, Primajut, see Cell — c. Primordial^ see 

CELL WALL, see Cell. 

CKLLA TURCICA, Bella Turcica. 

CHLLULA, Cellule. 

CELLULE, see Colon — e. Medullares, see 
Hedullary membrane — c. Pulmonales, Cellules 
bronchic, see Pulmo— c. BronchicsB, see Cellule. 

CEL'LULAR, Cellula'rU, Cellulo'tut, (F.) CeL 
lufaire. Composed of cells or cellules, from cella 
or etllula^ * a cell.' 

Cbl'lular Mem'braxe, Membra' na cellulo'ta, 
jr. CtUuMria, — Jf. adipo'$a, M. pingtiedino'ta, of 
some, Pannie'uluB adipo'ntf — Membrane formed 
of cellular tissue, (F.) Membrane eelluiaire. Ge- 
nerally used for the tissue itself. 
^ Cbl'i.ular SrsTBM. The whole of the cellular 
tissue of the human body. 

CsLLrLAR Tissue, Tela eellula'rUf T. ceUu- 
lo'eOf T. Hippo^ratU eribro'ea, Etkmvphi, reticu^ 
ta' ted, filamentous, laminciUd, erih' ri/ormf poront, 
are'olar, and mueoua TiMue, Betie'ular or etUular 
smbrtancet Context tn$ eellulo'nu, (F.) Tfteu eellu- 
iatre, ritieuUp lamineux, eribleux, poreux, ario- 
laire, muqueux, Ac, Is Uie most common of all 
the organic tissues. It contains irregular areolm 
between the fibres, as well as serum, fat, and the 
•dtpons tissue. Of the fibres, some are of the 
yellow elastic kind ; but the greater part axe of 
the white fibrous tissue, and they frequently pre- 
sent the form of broad flat bands, in which no 
distinct fibrous arrangement is perceptible. See 

The cellular tissue or texture unites every part 
of the body, determines its shape, and by its 
elasticity and contractility, and by the fluid 
whieh it contains in its ceUs, facilitates the mo- 
tion of parts on each other. 

Ceilular tissue has been divided by anatomists 
into the external, general or common cellular 
tissue — texiuM eelhUa'ria interme*diu9 seu laxw, 
which does not penetrate the organs,— the oelhi- 
Ur texture whieh forms the envelopes of organs 
— leximt eellula*ri§ wtrietut, and that which pene- 
trates into the oi^^s, aooompanying and enve- 
loping all their parts, — the iextna ceUula'ri* •!«. 
pa'tw, constituting tiie basis of all the organs. 
It has likewise been termed Texiva mrgan'icua 
lea par0nekyma'lit, 

Cbllclab Tissub of Bokbs, see Ca&oelU. 

CEL'LULE, Cel'lnia, diminntive of eeUa, <a 
eavity.' A small oavity. <F.) CeUule. CeliuUa 
are the small cavities between the laminsB of (he 
MUolar (iisaCf ooipora carernos% Ae. 

Cellules or Cells, Brokchic, CeVlula Bnmf* 
ehiea seu Pulmona'Us, Port pulmo'num, Fern 0'- 
ula pulmonales. The air-cells of the lungs. Sea 



CEL'LULOSE, same etymon as Cellule*. The 
substance which is left after the action upon any 
kind of vegetable tissue of such solvents as are 
fitted to dissolve out the matter deposited in its 
cavities and interstices. It has been aArmedji 
that the tunicated or ascidian mollusca have, In 
their integuments, a considerable quantity of it« 

CELLUL0SU8, Cellular. 

CELOLOG^'IA, from n^Xif, 'rupture,' and ^vy^f 
'a discourse.' The doctrine of hernia. A treatise 
on hernia. 

CELOSO'MtTS, from myXi?, 'a rupture,' and 
o-w/ia, ' body.' A monster in which the trunk ii 
malformed, and eventration or displacement of 
the viscera exists. 

CEL0TE8, see Hernial. 

CELOTOM'IA, Kelot<m*\a, Celofomy, from 
xifXiy, ' a rupture,' and rc/ivnv, * to cut.' An dpe« 
ration, formerly employed for the radical cure of 
inguinal hernia; which consisted, principally, in 
passing a ligature round the hernial sac and sper* 
matio vessels. It necessarily occasioned atrophy 
and loss of the testicle ; and did not secure the 
patient against the return of the disease. The 
intestines were, of course, not included in the 
ligature. Also', the operation for hernia in gene- 
ral.— /Tf^mto^owy. 

CELOT'OMUS, same etymon. BemiofomM, 
A knife used in the operation for hernia. A<iUeo- 
tively, it means relating to eelotomy, like Ce2o- 

CBLSA. A term, used by Paracelsus for a 
eutaneous disease, dependent, according to him, 
on a fidse or heterogeneous spirit or vapour, con- 
cealed under (he integuments, and endeavouring 
to escape. Perhaps Uie disease was Urtieari<u 

CBLSUS, METHOD OF, see Lithotomy. 

Haekberry, Order, Ulmaoess : indigenous, flower- 
ing in May. The bark is said to be anodyne and 
cooling; the berries are sweet and astringent. It 
has been used in dysentery. 

CEMBRO NUTS, see Finns cembra. 

CEMEKT. A glutinous substance inb'oduced 
into a carious too& to prevent the access of air 
or other extraneous matters. The following ia 
an example: (R. Sandarae. ^\j; Maatieh, 3!; 
Sneein, Br. x. JEtker. ZJ ; Dissolve with the aid 
of heat.) Outermaiere Cement for the teeth is 
prepared of finely powdered cotMfie lime, thirteen 
parts ; anhydrous phoephorie acid, twelve parts* 
When introduced into a carious tooth, it beoomef 
solid in about two minutes. 


CEMBNTUM, see Tooth. 

CBNANGIA, Ceneangia. 

GENCHRON, Panioum miliaoeum. 

CENDr£, Cineritioas. 


CENDRES 0RAv£l£e8, see Potash— eu 
de Sarment, see Potash. 

CENEANGrA, Oananffi'a, from anvof, 'empty, 
and ayyuop, ' a vesseL' Inanition. Empty state 
of vessels. — Galen. 

CENEMBATE'SIS, from ccve;, 'empty,' and 
c^/?aiyw, 'I enter.' Paracentesis. Also, the act 
of probing a wound or oavity ; Melo'*i$, 

CENE0NE8, Flanks. 

CENIGDAM, Ceniplam. 

CBNIGOTAM, Ceniplam. 

CENIPLAM, Csnigdam, Cnnyotam, Ctm{f9* 



lawL TLe name of an instrument anciently oted CENTRAL, Centra'lU, from ctnt n twt, '&• 

fur opening the head in epilepsy. — Paracelsus. centre.' Relating or appertaining to the centra. 

CENIPOTAM, Cenipbun. Central Ab'tbby of thb Rkt'iva, ArWrim 

CE NO'S IS, from «»oj, 'empty.' /ne'm, Centra'lii Rteimr, Central Artery of Zraa. 

iHethniut, Eraenation. It is sometimes em- This artery is giyen off from the arteria oph- 

ployed synonymously with inanition, and op- thalmioa, and penetrates the optic nerve a litUa 

po8cd to repletion, — Exinanif'io, behind the ball of the eye; mnninif in th9 

CENOT'ICA, from xcvwo-is, 'evacuation.' Dis- axis of the nerve, and spreading out into many 

eases affecting the fluids. Morbid discharges or small branches upon the inside of the retina. 

excess, deficiency or irregularity of such as are When the nerve is cut across near the eye, tha 

natural. The first order, class Oenttiea, of Good; orifice of the divided artery is observable. Iliii 

also. Drastics. was formerly called Ponu Oj/tieut. 

CENTAU'REA BEKElif, Serrafuia U}^^ Central Aspect. An aspect towards tba 

Bthen abmd, Behen album. Been, White Behen. ^^^^ ^f an organ.— Barclay. Centrad is naed 

Ord. Gentianca. Astringent by t^e game writer adverbiaUy, to signify 'te- 

Centau'iiea Benedic'ta, Car'dHtu benedtc'tuM, ^^^g ^^^ central aspect' 

Cnicu. V/*^-*'''-*'. C^^ ^rT^fu'Ti ^""rt^: CENTRE OF ACTION. The viscus in which 

anum. lifesaed or Jjoly JThtstle, (If.) harden x.^ui 4 *r rL ^' • 

Unit Fam, CynaroceJhalesB. sL SyH. Syn- ^'^J ^ ,^ * f^t^ P*'' *>f ^^ ^°*^tion is exr. 

»«*.<..:» D«i„«,l,:. #u.r»«.«^« A .**»««. /1-™ cuted, and to which several other organs oontii- 

genesia Polygamui frustranea. A strong decoc ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ . ^ ^^ ^ 

tion of the herb is emetic: — a strong infusion, r *' / • *i: « u j _««'«'»«■»*' *^ w,uvuj 

diaphoretic (?); alight infusion, tonic and sto^ T^^^aZa^ T"^ ' ^v^ chymifioaU^; 

machic. dL\ gr. xv to 3J of the powder. ^^^±1 duodenum, dunng chyliflcation. In Ifte 

CENTAU'REA Calcitra'?!, CalcitZ'pa, CaUa- ?*°°«'' the uterus becomes a centre of action 

trep'pola,CaHduue9ohtitia'lU,Carduu»$tella'tiu, <»»"«« fir«B»"on- . _ ,. , 

Jii'cM ramatWfima, Cacotrib'ulue, Calcitrap'pa Centre, Epioas'tric. The ganglions and ner^ 

ettUa'ta seu hippoph<Betum, Stella 'ta rupi'ua, vous plexuses, formed by the great sympathetio 

Ccntau'rca eteUa'ta, Oomnum Star-Thietle, Star- *»<» pneumogastnc nerves, m the epigastrium. 

Knapweed, (F.) Centaurie itoiUe, Chardon etoOi, around the coeliac artery ; whore the impressions 

Chaiuaetrappe, PiyneroU. It is possessed of j^oei^cd from various parts of the body seem to 

tonic properties, and has been given in inter- be centred. _ , _, , , . 

mittents, dyspepsia, Ac It is not much used. ^ Centre op Plux'ion. The part towards which 

Ckstau'rba Centau'rium, Hhapon'ticum vuU ^^^^^ »'« particularly attracted. An irritated 

ga'ri, Centaurium mngnutn, (kntaurium majve, ^^Kf^ " said to be a centre of fluxion. 

Greater Cen'taury, Centaurium officina'U, (F.) Centres, Nervous, (F.) C?cnrre««erreirx. Tho 

Centaurfe grande. It is a bitter ; and was for- orgwis, whence the nerves originate; as the hraia 

meriy used as a tonic, especially the root *"« »P*°" marrow. 

Centau'rea Cy'anus, Cy'anu; Blue bottle, Centre, Optic, see Optic centre. 

Corn-Jioicer, (F.) Blavelle, Blav4ole, BlaviroUe. Centre, Oval, Centrum Ova'li, C. 0. Yieut^^ 

The flowers were once much used as a cordial, »***» Tegumen'tum ventriculo'rum eer'ebri. When 

tonic, Ac. They are now forgotten. ^*»® ^^^ hemispheres of the brain are sliced away. 

Cent a UREA Stellata, Centaurea calcitrapa. ^" ^^ » '«'^«* ^'^^^ *^« corpus callo*um, the nae- 

CENTAUREE ^TOIL^E, Centaurea calci- ^"W P*T* ^ ^^.^ ".^^^ ^° ^J*^ i*>»I»«^ ^f°.« 

trapi^. Grande, Centaurea centaurium-c. Pe- J^"^.^ centrum ovaU mtnu», (F.) centre medulla^ 

tite\ Chironia centaurium. r^* .1, t-*^"! *'*"*'^' ""^ n*"* ^^'^P?"'** 

nr<v'P4TTi>r>TTM r.i • • * • "°®*» together With the corpus callosum, form 

CENTAUREUM, Chironia centaurium. the centrum otaU of Vieus'eene, Vieussens sup- 

CENTAURIS, Chironia centaurium. poned all the medullary fibres to issue fi^m that 

CENTAURIUM MAQNUM, Centaurea cen- point, and that it was the great dieptMatory of 

taurium — c. Minus vulgare, Chironia centaurium the animal tpirite, 

— c. Ofiicinale, Centaurea centaurium — c Par- Centre, Phrenic, Ten'dinou9 Centre of th€ 

vum. Chironia centaurium. Di'aphragm, Centrum Phren'icum, C. Aer'veMa 

CENTAURY, AMERICAN, Chironia angu- or (7. Tendino'tum seu tendin'eum, (F.) Gentry 

laris — c. Greater, Centaurea centaurium — 0. Les- phrinique ou C tendineux du Biaphraame, Tho 

ser, Chironia centaurium. central aponeurosis or cordiform tendon of tho 

CENTESIS, Paracentesis, Puncture. diaphragm. 

CENTIGRAMME, (F.) from centum, 'a hun- ^ Cenjrb op Stmpathbt'ic Irradia'tions, (F.) 

dred,' and yoa^fa, 'gramme,' Centigram'ma, Centre dxrradtatxoM 9ympathiquet, Any organ 

The hundredth part of a gramme. A oenti- ^^^^^ excites, sympatheUcally, the action of 

gramme is equal to about the fifth part of a <**>«' ^l^^J^^! ^^^^ "^^ ^?» distant from it; and 

French grain, gr. .1643, Troy. ^^^ which it seems to have no immediate com- 

CENTIUTRE, CentilVtra, from centum, 'a munication.-Marjolin. 

hundred,' and Xirpa, 'Utre.' An ancient Greek Centre, Tendinous, op the DLiPHEJioii^ 

measure for liquids: — the hundredth part of a Centre, phrenic, 

litre— equal to nearly 2.7063 fluidrachms. CENTROMYRINE, Ruscus. 

CENTIMETRE, Centim'eter ; the hundredth CENTRUM, see Vertebrss— c. Commune, So- 

part of a metre — equal to about four lines. Iat plexus—^ Nerveum, Centre, phrenic— c. Op- 

.3937 English inch. ticum. Optic centre — c. Ovale, Centre, oval — 0. 

CEXTIMORBIA, Lysimachia nummularia. Ovale minus, see Centre, oval— c Ovale of Viens- 

CE NTINER VIA, Plan tago. sens. Centre, oval — c. Semicirculare geminumy 

CAW r/A^O^^, Polygonum aviculare. Taenia semicircularis — c. Tendinosum, Centre, 

CEN'TINODIA, Polygonum aviculare. phrenic 

CENTO VIRGINALIS, Hymen. Centrum Vita'lS, Nodue seu Font rita'h\ 

CENTRAD, see Central aspect (F.) Naud vital. A term applied, at times, to 

CENTRADIAPH'ANES, Catarao'ta centra'- the medulla oblongata : at others, to the medulU 

li», from KcvTfov, ' centre,' a, privative, and ita- oblongata, and the medulla spinalis as far as th9 

favtii, * transparent' Cataract owing to obscurity second cervical nerve of the spinal marrow, la 

of the central portion of the crystalline. any port of which a wound would aeem to bo hi* 




•tA&tij fktal. It 11 the nerroiM centre of respi- 
ntion and deglutition. 

CBNTRY, Chironia mngnlaris. 

CENTUM CAPITA, Erynf^nm eampestre. 

CBNTUMNODIA, Polygonttm aTioulare. 

CEPA ASCALONICA, Bolbiu esonlentas, 
Behalotte — c Victorialu, Allinm Tietoriale — o. 
Vnlrari?, Allium oepa. 

CEP A A, Veroniea beecalmnga. 


CEPHAL^'A, Meadach, (F.) OSpkalie, from 
KtfmX^, * head.' Some lue the term iiynonymoasly 
with eephalal^; othen, for a periodical head- 
WJfAk ; others, again, for a more violent headach 
than oephalalgia impliea; and others for a chronic 
headach. The last was its ancient signifioation. 

(^pkaUt'a Mpamnod'ieaf C^hfUal*gia tptumod'- 
iea, C, Nav9eo'9af Sick-heatuzckf is characterized 
hj partial, spasmodic pain; often shifting from 
one part of the head to another: chiefly com- 
mencing in the morning, with sickness and fiunt- 
ness. It is ezivmely apt to recor, notwithstand- 
ing every care. 

Cepbal^a AnTHRincA, Cephalagra — a He- 
miemniay Hemiorania — c. Nanseosa, C. Spas- 
modiea — e. Pulsatilis, Crotaphe. 

CEPHALiBMATO'MA, from K$^a\n, 'head,' 
and *aifta, 'blood;' CepkaUBinato'fMi neoruUo'runif 
MeekyiHo'ina eapHtU, E, eapiti* reeetu nato'ruMf 
Tkrombiu neonato'rumf Abtee^tut eap'itit tan- 
fuin'tut neonatorum, Tumor tap'itU §anguin*eu9 
meonato'mm, Oephalophj/'ma, Craniohamaton'cut, 
A sanguineoos tnmoor, sometimes developed be- 
tween the pericranium and the bones of the head 
of new-born children. Similar tumours are met 
with occasionally above other bones, and at all 
periods of existence. 

CiPBALJUfATOXA Nbovatobtjm, CcphalsBma- 

CEPHAL^'MIA, ffypera'min eer'ebri, H. 
Cap'ittMf £neephalohi^mia, (F.) Hyperimit ou 
Oongttiion du etrveaUf Enciphalohimie, H. ciri- 
"braUj Congestion drihrale. Accumulation of 
blood in the vessels of the brain. 

CEPHALAOO'GUS, Cephalodue'tor, Capiti- 
due'tor, from xc^aXij, 'head,' and ay«»yof, 'a 
leader, a driver.' An instroment used for draw- 
ing down the foetal head. 

CEPH'ALAORA, from csf oAif, 'the head,' and 
^yf«t, 'seisure.' Oephalm'a arthrit*iea, Mtnin- 
ff%*ti« artkrit'ica, wut in the head. 

CEPHALAGRA'PHIA, from ccfaXir, 'the 
head,' and ypa^nt '& description.' An anatomical 
description of the head. 

CEPHALAL'GIA, OepktUopo'nta, Cephalo- 
djf'ia, Eneeph(Uodyn*ia, Homonopa'gia, {rom 
Kt^Xift 'the head,' and aXyot, 'pain;' Encepha" 
loTgia, Dolor Cap'tHa, D. eeplunVieut, Soda, Fain 
in (A« head; Headach, (F.) Ce'phalalgie, Mai d 
tite. Every kind of headach, whether symp- 
tomatic or idiopathic, is a cephalalgia. It is 
ordinarily symptomatic, and has to be treated 

Cbpbalaloia Comtaoioba, Influensa — o. In- 
flammatoria, Phrenltis. 

Cbpbalaloia Pbrxod'ica, Febrit iniermit'tene 
tepkaPiea lartfa'ta, Iniermitient headaeh, Head- 
aco which returns periodically; properly, per- 
haps, a form of neuralgia. 

CsPBALALaiA PuLSATiLXS, Grotaphc— c Spas- 
nodica, see Cephalsea. 

CEPHALALOG^IA, from cc^oAv, 'the head,' 
and >ay0f , ' a diseourse.' An anatomical disser- 
tation on the head. 

lanthus occidentiUis. 

iDMPood 9hrub, BuUonbmh, Whit0 BaU, Little 

Shkowbatt, Swampwood, Pond Dogwood, Oiobe* 
Jhfwer, (F.) C^halanthe d*Am4rique, Bote do 
Maraie, Aa ornamental shrub, Nat, Ord. Ku- 
biacess; Sex, Sget Tetrandria Monogynia, which 
grows all over the United States, near streams 
and ponds, and flowers in July and August. 
The hark of the root has been used as an anti« 
periodic tonic. 

CEPHALARTICA, Cephalic remedies. 

CEPHALATOM'IA, Cephalotom'ta, from 
MfaXv, 'the head,' and n/nfuv, 'to cut.' Ana- 
tomy, or dissection, or opening of the head. 


CEPHALIC, Cepkal*ieu9, Oapita'lit, from 
Kt^aXn, 'the head.' (F.) Ciphtdique, Relating 
to the head. 

Cbpbal'io Rbh'edibb, CephaViea vel Capita'^ 
lia remedUa, are remedies capable of relieving 
affections of the head, espeouklly headach: — 

Cbpbal'jo VBnr, Vena CephaViea, Vena Cap*^ 
itie, (F.) Veine eiphtUique, Veine radiate eutattie 
of Chanssier. Toe great superficial vein at the 
outer part of the arm and fore-arm. It begins 
on the back of the hand, by a number of radicles, 
which unite into a single trunk, called the Ceph- 
alic of the Thu*tb, CephaViea PoVlieie, (F.) Veine 
eiphalique du pouce. It ascends along the ante- 
rior and outer part of the fore-arm, where it forms 
the euperjieial radiaL At the fold of the elbow 
it receives the median cephalic, ascends along the 
outer edge of the biceps, and opens into the axil- 
buy vein. The name Cephalic was given to it by 
the ancients, because they thought it had some 
connexion with the head, and that blood-letting 
ought to be performed on it, in head afi'ections. 

Chanssier calls the internal Jugular, Veine e^. 
phalique, and the primary or common carotid, 
Arth-e eiphalique, 

CEPHALIDIUM, see Caput. 

CEPHALrNE. The base or root of the tongue. 
— Gorneus. 

CBPHALIS, see Caput 

CEPHALITIS, Phrenitis. 

CEPHALIUM, see Caput. 

CEPHALODUCTOR, Cephalagogns. 

CEPHALODYM'IA, Eneephalodym'ia ; from 
n^Xir, ' head,' and jvw, ' I enter into.' A class 
of double monstrosities, in which the heads are 
united. It is divided into two genera, Fronto^ 
dym'ia and Bregmatodym'ia ; in the former the 
union being between the ossa frontis ; in the lat- 
ter between the bregmata. — Cruveilbier. 

CEPHALOBYNIA, Cephalalgia. 

CEPHALCBDEMA, HydrocepbaluB. 

CEPHALOID, Enoephaloid. 

CEPHALOMA, Enoephaloid. 


CEPHALOM'ETER, fVom n^aXn, 'the head,' 
and jicrpoy, ' measure.' An instrument for mea- 
suring the different dimensions of the foetal head, 
during the process of accouchement A kind of 

CEPHALON'OSUS» from icc^<i>i|, 'the head,' 
and voffo(, ' disease.' This term has been applied 
to the Fehrie Hungar'iea, in which the head was 
much itfected. See Fever, Hungaric. Others 
have so called any eere'bral disease or fever. 

CEPHALOPAGES, Symphyocephalus. 

CEPH'ALO-PHARYNGiB'US, from «c^aA9» 
' the head,' and ^apvyf, ' the pharynx :' belonging 
to the head and pharynx. Winslow has given 
ttiis name to the portion of the conetrietor pKa^ 
ryngie euperior, which is attached, above, to tha 
inferior surface of the basilary process of tha •• 
occipiUs. The Cepk'alo-pharynge'al Apomemrf'^ 




#•« ti ft tbin, flbrons membrane, wbicb Ir attmcbed 
to tbe battilary procesn, and gives insertion to the 
fibres of the eon$trictor anperior pkaryngia, 

CEPHALOPHYMA, Cepbalaematoma. 

CKPHALOPONIA, Cephalalgia. 

CEPHALO RACIIIDIAN, Cephalo-spinal. 

matodifm'ia ; from irc^aAi;, 'bead/ •w^o, 'bodj/ 
and ivutt * I enter into.' A doable monstrosity, 
in wbicb tbe union is between the beads and the 
trunks. Of thiA there are varieties : — for exam- 
ple, bifrn-marilUftermodjfnifia, where the union 
is with the inferior maxillary bones and sterna; 
and Pro9aptuiternodym'\af between the fkces and 
stern a. — C ru veil b ier. 

CEPHALO-SPINAL, Cepha1(i-^ina'U», Ckpk'- 
altt-rnekid'tanfCer'^nHtpiHal, Craniospinal. A 
hybrid term, fVom xe^aXiy, 'head/ and tpina, 
'spine.' Belonging to tbe head and spine. 

Ckpa'alo-spixal FLnn, Cephalo-rachid'ian 
JIuidt Cerrhro-tpinal fluids Flu'idvm cer'ebro- 
tmina'li, SnbanichHoidean fluid, is an exhaled 
fluid, wbicb is found beneatb tbe arachnoid, 
wherever pia mater exists in connexion with the 
brain and spinal cord. It seems to have a pro- 
tecting office, and to keep up a certain degree of 
pressure on tbe organ, — at least in tbe spinal 

Kt^aXii, * head/ 0u»/iaf, * the chest,' and ertpuv, * to 
rob.' A monster without head or chest. 

CEPIIALOTOMIA, Eccephalosis. 

C£PHA L TlilDEy ( F. ) An instrument in- 
vented by Baudelocque, the nephew, for crushing 
the bead of tbe foetus in utero ; from icc^aX^, ' the 
head,' and rpi/Ju, 'I bruise.' It consists of a 
strong forceps, the blades of which are solid : 16 
lines broad, and 3 thick. The handles are per- 
forated at their extremity to receive a screw with 
three threads, tbe direction of which is very ob- 
lique, so as to allow great rapidity of rotation, 
and the screw is moved by a winch 6 inches long, 
to increase the force of tbe pressure. The bones 
cf the head are easily crushed bv it. 

CEPHALOTRIP'SY, CephaUtnytU ; same 
etymon as Cephafotribe, Tbe operauon of crush- 
ing tbe bead of tbe foetus in utero. 


CEPHALOXIA, Torticollis. 

CEPULLA, Allium eepa. 

CER, Heart. 

low and White WaXf (F.) Cire Janne et Blanche, 
An animal substance prepared by tbe bee, and 
by some plants, as the Cerox'jflon and Myri'ea 
eerifera. Its colour is yellow, and smell like 
that of honey, but both are lost by bleaching. 
It is demulcent and emollient ; is sometimes given 
in the form of emulsion, in diarrhoea and dysen- 
tery, but is chiefly used in cerates and ointments. 

CERiE'^, from «paf, 'a bom/ npaiai. The 
Oornna of the uterus. — Rufbs of Ephesus. 

CERAMICS, Cerami*ti», fh>m «c/)(ifief, 'pot- 
tor's enrth/ A sort of earth used as a cataplasm 
in peripncumony. — Ilippocrates. 

CERAMIUM, Amphora — o. Helminthoehor- 
tns, CoralUna Corsicana. 

CERAMNIUM, Amphora. 

CRRAMrRTA. see Urine. 

CERANTUEMU6. Propolis. 

CERAS, Kfpaff 'genitive,' Kifm, 'bom/ Cor- 
««/ also, tbe Cornea. Hence, Ceratedomia, 
CemUtee/e, Ac 

CERABION, see Pmnns cerasns. 

CERAS'MA, from ircpavnt^i, 'to mix:' soma- 
thwg mixed. A mixture of hot and cold water. 
Jfelaeera^ma. — Gorrasus. 

CEBASUM, see PrunuB oerMai. 

CERA8US ACID A, Prtinns ctrasni — e. AH* 
nm, Prunus avinum, P. nigrar—c Duleis, PnuiM 
nigra — c. Hortensis, Pranna eerasns — e. Lamro- 
cerasns, Pmnus laurocerasna — c Padus, Pmiras 
padus — 0. Racemosns sylvestris, Pmnni padvf 
— c Rubra^ Pmnns cerasns— c 8erotina, Pniniu 
Yhrginiana — o. Virginianfty Prunus Virginiana— 
c Vulgaris, Pmnus cerasns. 

c£rAT BLANC on DE GALFEK, Ceratm 
Galeni — e. eJe Blanc de Baleine, Ceratnm cetaeel 
— e. de Goulard, Ceratum pinmbi — e. pour let 
LlvreM, Cerate for the lips — c de Plomb compo^if 
Ceratnm plumbi oompositnm — e. de Savon, Ce- 
ratnm Saponis— c. de Suratftate de piomh, Cetm* 
tnm plumbi superacetatif. 

CE'RATE, Cera'tum, from laipmt, Lat term, 
*wtLX,* Cerela'um, Cero'ma, Cero'nium, Cero^tmau 
Ceratumalag'ma, (F.) Cirat. A compositimi of 
wax, oil, or lard, without other ingre<Uenta. 

Cerate, Simple Cermte, Cera'tum, Cera'Him 
•implex. (F.) CSrat Simple, ( White wtx, ^ir. 
Lard, Jviij.) It ia appued as an emollient to 
excoriations, Ac 

Cerate, Bbllktille's, see Uagnentum Hy* 
drargyri nitrico-oxydL 

Cerate op CAL'AMiini, CeraUum CalawtCnm, 
C. Calamin, prapar,, C, Oarbona'tie rtnet tM» 
pu'ri, C. Zinci Carbona'tie, Cera'tum lap'idia Cb* 
lamina'rie, Cera'tum epulo^ieum, Cerate of Carm, 
bonate of Zinc, Tumefe Cerate, Healing Sairtf 
(F.) Cirat de Pierre Calaminaire, C. de CalamiuOf 
Calamin., Cerm flav<B, E& Ji^, adipie, tbj. If dl 
the wax and lard together, and, on cooling, add 
the carbonate of sine and stir till cool.— Ph. U. 8.) 

Cerate op Caiithar'ii)ES, Cera'tum Canihmr'- 
idie, Blieter Ointment, Ointment of Spanieh FUet^ 
Unguen'tum ad veeicato'ria, Ungmen'tum PuFperit 
Metoie veeicato'rii, Ung. epiejHu^tieum for'tivtp 
Cera'tum Lytta, (F.) Cirat de Cantharidm, 
(Spermaceti cerate ^y], Cantharidee in powder^ 
3J> The cerate being softened by heat, stir ill 
the flics.) This cerate of the European Pharma* 
copoeias is used to keep blisters, issues, Ac, open. 
See Unguentum Lyttss. For the Cerate of Spa* 
nish flies of tbe U. 8. Pharmacopoeia, ace Em- 
plastmm Lyttse. 

Cerate, Goulard's, Ceratum Pinmbi compo« 

Ceratk, KiRKLAVD'a Kevtral. {DiackyU 
3vi\j, olive oil ^iv, prepared chcJk ^iv : whea 
nearly cool, add Aeet. deet. ^ir, plumb, euperaeei, 
3iij<) A cooling emollient 

Cerate or Poma'ttm por the Lips, Cera'imm 
labia'li rubrum. Pomma'tum ad labia dewtulcen*- 
da. — Ph. P. (F.) Cirat on Pommade pour U» 
lioree, (Wax 9 parts; oil 16 parts; — eolomr^d 
with alkanet.) 

Cerate, Lead, Compound, Ceratnm plaabl 

Cerate, Marshall's. (Palm oil 3vi. calomel 
3^j, evgar of lead ^ss, ointment of nitrate ofuMT" 

Cerate, Restn, Covponn), Ceratnm Reaixisi 
oompositnm — 0. Savine, Ceratnm sabinss — o. 
Soap, Ceratnm saponis — e. Spermaceti, Ceratnm 
cetacei — c. of Snperacetate or sugar of lead, Ce- 
ratum plumbi snperacetatis — e. Turner's, Cerate 
of calamine — c of Carbonate of sine. Cerate of 

CERATECTOM'IA, firom Krpat, 'the cornea,' 
and eKrojtoi, ' cut out' An incision through this 
cornea. See Ceratotomia. 

CERATIA, Ceratoninm siliqua. 

CE R ATP ASIS, from rcpaf, 'bora/ A moiUd 
condition characterized by corneous growths. 

CERATION, Siliqua. 

CERATPTIS, KeratVtie, from iccpaf, 'tbe eor- 
nesi' and if it, ' inflammation/ Inflammation «f 




CERATIUM, G«rmtoiiiiiiii siliqva. 

CER'ATO, in oompocition, in Uie nunes of 
■iiiBoles, is uMd for tho oomua of the oa hyoides ; 
*^a Cerato-glossnt. 

CBRATOCE'Lfi, Aqu^da, Uwa'tio, Pnmintnf^ 
tia Oi-tr'ne^f Hernia Cor^nMi, CetxUodeoee'U, from 
tuifmf, * horn/ and nfA«» ' tomour.' A protrusion 
ot the transparent eomeay or rather of the mem- 
brane of the aqueous humour through an opening 
In the cornea. 





CERATOOLOS'SUS, Keratoglot'mUf from ««- 
fof, * horn/ and ykmvva, * the tongue.' A musole, 
extending from the great eomu of the os hyoides 
to the base of the tongue. It ii a part of the 



CSRATO'MA, (krato'ait, from «fcc, 'horn.' 
A homy growth, or horny formation. 




CeraUimnkf Cera'tia, SWiqMa duieie, Caro'ba At- 
mabaii, Swtetpod, (F.) Carombier {Frmt, Oa- 
rv^ge,) This — ^the fruit of the CeraUmia eUiqua 
— is mueilaginoQSy and employed in decoction, 
where mucilages are indieated. 

CBRATONYX'IS, KeraUmyx'U, Ceratodeo- 
n^ie, from csfac, 'the eomea,' and wem*, 'I 
puncture.' An operation by which the orystal- 
une is depressed by means of a needle introduced 
into the eye through the oomea. Some divide 
the orystaUine into fragments with the needle, 
and leave them to the action of the absorbents. 
The operation is as old as the 17th century. 

CBE'ATO-PHARyNGB'US, Ker'ato-Pharyn- 
^'n», fr«m Kifat, * horn/ and fa^vyli, * the pha- 
fynz.' The yreai and email der'ato-pkarjfnge'i 
•re small fleshy bundles, forming part of the 
BmiuirwMeue of Winslow. 

CKRATOPLAS'TICB, from crf«(, 'the eor- 
Bea,' and wXenriKety 'forming, formative.' The 
operation for the formation of an artificial cornea. 
It has not been practised on man. 

CERATORRHBX'IS, Rnpin'ra emr»nem, from 
cMa«. 'the eomeay' and fif^if, 'rupture/ Rupture 
or the cornea. 

CERATOSIS, Ceratoma. 

CER'ATO-BTAPHTLrNUS, JTcr'ato-^top^. 
WnWf from mt^if ' horn/ and vm^oX^, ' the uvu- 
1^' Some fleshy fibres of the Tkyro-Staph^linue 
of Winslow. 

CBRATOTOM'IA, Oerateetim'ia, from Kspat, 
'eomea,' and rcftvuv, 'to cut' Section of the 
iraneparent eomeo. This incision is used In the 
operation for cataract, to give exit to pus efiused 
In the eye, in cas^ of hypopyon, Ae. 

CERATOT'OMUS, Keratofamue, Kerat'omue, 
from Ktfmt, 'oomea,' and nitpttp, 'to out' A 
name given by Wensel to his kniie for dividing 
the transparent cornea, in the operation for cata> 
Taet Many modifications of the instrument have 
been made ainoe Wenicl's time. Bee Knife, 

CSBATUM, Cerate--o. Album, Ceratum eeta- 
eei, Ceratum Galeni — o. de Althaft, Ungnentom 
4e Althmft — c Calamlnss, Cerate of CalanJne — 
B. Cantharidis, Cerate of Cantharides, Emplas. 
tnm Ljrttm — c de Ceroasi, Unguentnm plumbi 

Cb&a'tux CBTAfoix, Ctra*twm epermaceii, (k- 

ra'twn athnm, C. CeH, Ungfiten*tum adipoeefrm 
eeto'rumf tinimen^tvm album fEwploe'trwn Sperm'" 
atie Ceiiy Spermaceti Cerate, (F.) Cirat de blan« 
de baUine, {SpermaeHi Jj, tokite wax §iij, olive 
oil f^vi. Ph. U. 8.) A good emollient to ul- 
cers, Ac 

Ckratum Cbti, Ceratum eetacei — c. Cicutse, 
Ceratum conii — c. Citrinum, Ceratum reeinte. 

CbbVtdm Com'i, Cera'tum Cieu'ta. {Una, 
eonii Ibj, eetaeei ^ij, eera albes ^iij.) A formula 
in Bartholomew's Hospital : occasionally applied 
to cancerous, scrofulous sores, Ac. 

Ckratum Epdloticum, Cerate of calamine. 

Cbba'tvm Galb'hi, Cera' turn album,". 
erane Gale'ni, Unguen'tum eera'tum, U. amygda" 
li*num, U, eimpleXf Emplae'trum ad fontic'uloe, 
(yieo-cera'tum aqud eubae'tuMf Cold Cream, (F.) 
drat blane ou de QALiBir. ( White ttax 4 parts; 
oil o/eweet edmonde 16'parts ; add, when melted, 
water or roee-witer 12 parts. Ph. P.) A mild 
application to chaps, Ac. 

Cbratum Labialb Rvbrw, Cerate for tho 
lips — 0. Lapidis calaminaris. Cerate of calamine 
— c. Lithargyii aoetati oompositum, Ceratum 
plumbi compositnm — c. LyttsB, Cerate of can- 
tharides-HS. Mercuriale, Unguentum hydrargyri 
— H). Picatum, Pisselssum. 

Cbratux Plumbi Coxpos'rruM, Cera'tum Li» 
tkar'ggri Aeeta'H Compot^itum, Goulard** Oint* 
ment, Cera'tum enbaeeta'ti plumbi mediea'tum, C* 
Plumbi Subaceta'tie (yh.Tf,&.), Cera'tum Satur'- 
niy Compound Lead Cerate, Ooulard^e Cerate, f F.) 
C4rat ae Ooulard, C, de Plomb eompoei, (tiq, 
lunib, eubacet, Jiiss; eermfiavm, ^iv; ol, olivm 

ix; eamphora, ^b§. Ph. if. S.) Its virtues are 

iO same as the next 

CxRATUM Plttmbi 6upbracbta'ti8, Unguen'- 
tum Oerue'eeB Aeeta'ta, Cerate of Superaeetate or 
Sugar of Lead, Cera'tum Plumbi Aeeta'tie, Un- 
guentum Acetatid Plumbi, (F.) CSrat de euraeitate 
de Ptbmb, {Acetate of lead, ^U ; *»hite wax, §y; 
oUte oU, Ibss.) Cooling and astringent 

Ceratum Rbfbiobrabb Galbbi, Ceratum Ga- 

Cbratux JKbbi'vjb, C, Ren'nct ftara, C, cit'rt- 
miei, Unguen'tum ba*iVieonHavum, Ung, Reei'nm 
flatUB, Ung. Retino'eum, Xeein Cerate or Oint- 
ment, Yellow Raeil'ieon, Banl'ieon Ointmentm 
{Reein.fiav. gv; CenB /lav, JUj Adipie, 5vi^; 
Ph. U. S.) A stimulating application to old ul- 
cers, Ac Digestive. 

Dr. Smbllovb's Ointment for the Eyee consists 
of finely powdered verdigrie, ^§a, rubbed with 
oil, and then mixed with as ounce of ceratum 

Cbbatuv RBst'NJB CoxpoB'rruv, Compound 
Reein Cerate, {Reein., Sevi, Cera Hava, Si.Ibj; 
Terebinth. Ibss ; 01. lAni, Oss. Melt together, 
strain through linen, and stir till cool. Ph. U.S.) 

Cbratcm Sabi'bjs, {/tiar«en(«iii Sabina, Savine 
Cerate, (F.) CSrat die Sabine, {Savine, in pow- 
der, ^\j ; Reein Cerate, IbJ. Ph. U. 6.) Irrita- 
tive, ' drawing.' Used in the same cases as Uie 
cerate of cantharides. 

Cbbatum Sapo'his, Soap Cerate, (F.) Cirat de 
Savon, {Lig, Plumb, eubacetat,, 0\} ; Sapon. ^vj ; 
Cera a/5<e,^x ; 01. olivm, Qj. Boil the solution 
of subacetate of lead with the soap over a slow 
fire, to the consistence of honey, then truisfer to 
a water*bath, and evaporate until all the moisture 
is dissipated; lastly, add the wax, previously 
melted with the oil, and mix.— Ph. U. 8.) It it 
applied in cases of sprains or fractures. 

Cbratux Satubni, Ceratum Plumbi eomposi- 
tum^H). Simplex, Cerate simple— o. Spermaceti^ 
Ceratum oetaoei — c Subacetati plumbi mediek 
tum, Ceratum plumbi eompositum— -c Tetrapbaf* 
maciun, Pisselanm. 




Cbratum Zihci CARBOHAns, Ceraie of Car- 
honate of Zinc (Zinei earbonat. praparat, 5U i 
Ung. 9%MpL 3x. Pb. U. 8.) Used in the same 
caseK as the Ceratum Calamin». 

CERAU'NIOX, from Ktpmvvof, 'thunder/ 'a 
thunderbolL' Lnpit futmin'euM, A kind of Btone, 
which was believed to be formed during thnnder; 
and to be poMOssed of the poww of inducing 
sleep, and numerous other prophylactic rirtues. 
It was rubbed on the knee, breast^ Ac, in swell- 
ings of those parts. 

CERBERUS TRICEPS, Pulris comachinL 

CERCA'RIA. A genus of agastric, infusory 
animalcules, one of the most curious of which 
inhabits the tartar of the teeth. The spermatosoa 
are presumed by some to belong to this genus. 

CERCHNASMU8, Cerohnus. 

CERCUNOMA, Cerchnus. 

CERCIINUS, CerckMit'mua, Ctrcknum, Cerek- 
no' may from Ktox^oa, ' I render hoarse.' A rough 
Toice produced by hoarseness. See Rattle. 

CER'CIS, Kcpctf. A sort of pestle for reducing 
substances to powder. Also, Uie radius or small 
bono of the arm. See Pilum, and Radius. 

CEBCLE, Circulus— c. de la ChorOde, Ciliary 
ligament — c. Ciliare, Ciliary ligament. 

CERCO'SIS, from KMoof, <a taiL' Men'tula 
mulie'bri; the Clit'orit, Some authors have em- 
ployed the word synonymously with nymphoma- 
nia and elongation of the clitoris; and with Po/y- 
puM Uteri, the Sarco'ma Cerco'na of Sauvages. 

Cercobis Clitoridis, Clitorism — c Externa, 

CEREA, Cerumen. 

CEREA'LIA, from Ckres, 'goddess of com.' 
(F.) Ciriale* (Plantet.) The cerealia are gra- 
mineous plants, the seed of which serve for the 
nourishment of man : — as wheats barley, rye, Ac 
At times, the same term is applied to some of the 
leguminous plants. 

CEREBARIA, Carebaria. 

CEREBEL'LA URPNA. Urine of a whitUh 
appearance, of the colour of the brain or cerebel- 
lum, from which Paracelsus thought he could 
distinguish diseases of that organ. 

CEREBELLPTIS, badly formed from eere- 
heUunif and i<i«, denoting inflammation. Paren- 
eephali'titf Inflamma'iio eerebtl'ii. Inflammation 
oi the cerebellum: a variety of phrenitis or ence- 

CEREBEL'LOUS, CerebeUo'tttd, from cerebeU 
Iwnt 'the littie brain.' (F.) CiribeUeux, Chaus- 
sier has given this epithet to the vessels of the 
cerebellum. These are three in number; two 
of which are iu/erior: the larger, inferior cere- 
belli f which arises from the posterior cerebral or 
vertebral; and the smaUer, whose existence is 
not constat, from tiie meso-cephalic or basilary : 
—the third, called A. ciribeUeuMe n^pirieurt («t»- 
perior cerebellif) is also a branch of the basilary. 

Cbrsbel'locs Ap'oplkxy, Apoplex'ia cere- 
bello'aa : apoplexy of the cerebellum. 

CEREBEL'LUM, diminutive of Cerebrum; C, 
parvum^Appen'dix ad cer'ebrumfCer'ebrumposU'' 
WiMT, Encra'nionf Encra'nie, JEpenera'tiis, Paren- 
cepk'alie, Parenceph'cUttt, EneephaVium, Encepk'- 
nl tt opie'thiue, Micreneepha'liuntf Micrencepn'o- 
luMf Little brain, (F.) Cervelet. A portion of the 
medullary mass, contained in the cavity of the 
cranium. It fills the lower occipital fossss below 
the tentorium, and embraces the tuber annulare 
and medulla. It is composed, like the brain, of 
ve*»icTilar and tubular substance, arranged in 
laminfe, as it were ; so that, when a section is 
made of it, it has an arborescent appearance, 
sailed Arbor vita. The cerebellum is divided 
f nto two lobet or kemitpheree or IcUeral mcLf^f 
•nd each lt»be is again subdivided into MotUie'uli 

or LohUet. In the cerebellum are to be ohuund 
the crura eerebelli, the fomrik venirieie, the «■!• 
vula magna cerebri, the proeumta eermteiilart% 
superior and inferior, Ac 

CER'EBRAL, Cerebra'lit, (F.) CMbrmi, froM 
cerebrum f 'the brain.' Belonging to the bimfail 
similar to brain. 

Cbrbbral Apophtsii, Pineal gland. 

Cbrbbral Ar'tbribs are three on each aide: 
— the anterior or artery of (A« eorpue ealknum, 
and the middle, arte'ria SyMa'noj are frimiahed 
by the internal carotid : — the pokerior or p c ete 
rior and inferior artery of tke brain, A,pr^undm 
cerebri, arises from the vertebral. Chanaaicr 
calls these arteries lobairte, because they coire- 
spond with the anterior, middle, and posterior 
lobes, whilst he calls the tmnkay whence th^ 
originate, cerebraL 

Cbrbbral Nbrybs are those which arise with- 
in the cranium, all of which, perhapa, with the 
exception of the olfactory, originate from the 
medulla oblongata. See Nerves. 

In Patkology, an affection is called cerehrpi^ 
which specially occupies the brain. Fihsre etri^ 
brale, Cerebral fever, is a variety in which the 
head is much affected. 

CEREBRIFORM Encephaloid. 

CEREBROPATHT, see Nervous diathesSa.