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There is no such thing as an aristocracy in the United States. 
The people who came over to this country were, for the most 
part, from the middle, or the working, classes of Europe ; and 
if there be any outcropping of the lesser nobilities, it is of no 
consequence. Every royal house of Europe had its origin in 
some bloody adventurer, highwayman, or robber. Every living 
white man, if the facts were known, could trace himself back 
to some royal source. Haile Selassie, the sad little Emperor 
of Ethiopia, has the most glorious ancestors of them all — King 
Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. And Hirohito, the much- 
despised Emperor of Japan, has an unbroken line of royal 
fathers extending back 1 24 generations. 

But it is interesting to make the acquaintance of a forebear, 
even if an Indian, who did his bit in building up this country 
and making it what it is. And that is the purpose of this little 
book. I want to introduce my children to their grandfathers. 

It will be noticed that our people were all of pure British 
stock (English, Irish, or Scotch) with a little admixture of 
French. Almost without exception they were planters, and 
they belonged to that class in the old South that the Negroes 
called "the quality". They were men and women for whom 
their slaves had a love and respect, which the masters recip- 
rocated. All those of military age were soldiers in time of war, 
and a few adopted the profession of arms in time of peace 
— either in the regular establishment, or in the state militia. 
Here and there will be found a statesman, but never a politi- 

A more extended record of family connections, together 
with supporting evidence, has been deposited with The South 
Carolina Historical Society in Charleston. 

^,1 c n Johnson Hagood. 

Charleston, b. C, J 

February 20, 1946. 



Johnson Hagood's Will 7 

The Hagood Line — Diagram 9 

The Gordons of South Carolina 10 

Thomas Gordon, Sr 11 

Captain Thomas Gordon 14 

Two Anns, Mary and Mary-Ann 16 

The O'Hears of South Carolina 19 

James O'Hear 20 

John Sanders O'Hear 23 

The Hagoods in Virginia 26 

The Hagoods in South Carolina 28 

Johnson Hagood, Esq 31 

Dr. James O. Hagood 36 

Colonel Lee Hagood 39 

General Johnson Hagood, C. S. A 45 

Saluda Old Town 53 

Colonel James R. Hagood 60 

Doctor William Small 69 

Joseph Duncan Allen 72 

Joe Allen's Dog 77 


CONTENTS— Continued 


The Tobin Line — Diagram 79 

The Tobin Family Abroad 80 

Cornelius Tobin 82 

1 Hmiel Tobin 85 

Gerard Lartigue 87 

General John E. Tobin 92 

Colonel William A. Owens 95 

Hoopskirts and Frills 99 

Colonel I. L. Tobin 102 

Genealogy 107 

Hagood Line 109 

Mitchells, Whaleys, and Smalls 130 

Tobin Line 138 

The Texas Tobins 153 



31 Jan. 1814 

Whereas it has pleased Almighty God to bless me with the 
best of wives, and children dutiful and obedient — fearing that 
at some moment by some accident or other such as I have 
lately met with, or by the ordinary course of nature I may be 
suddenly deprived of life. In such an event wishing to make 
such provisions for them as my humble circumstances will 
admit, and to prevent my beloved wife from being dependent 
on sureties for her administration in case of my dying intes- 
tate. In the name of God, Amen. I, Johnson Hagood of the 
District of Barnwell, Planter, do make and ordain this my last 
will and testament in manner and form following. As a sinner 
I pray God to forgive me. His forgiveness will secure to me 
eternal happiness. 

As to my earthly estate, which it has pleased God to bless 
me with, it is my will and desire, and I do accordingly will, 
bequeath and devise the same to be equally divided between 
my beloved wife Ann O'Hear Hagood and my children who 
may survive me, notwithstanding the little gifts I have already 
made to some of them, except my unfortunate * child William 
Johnson Hagood for whom I have already sufficiently pro- 
vided, and to whom I have given what will amount to a decent 
independence by the time he stands in need of it. 

All my Library and Philosophical Apparatus, I give and 
bequeath to my son Robert H. Hagood, provided his mother 
think proper to confirm this bequest, when he arrives at a 
proper age; if not, or if he should die before he finishes his 
studies, then and in that case, I give the same to my son James 

* Blind. 


g Meet Your Grandfather 

O'Hear Hagood. I do on this solemn occasion, call on my chil- 
dren to be affectionate and attentive to their mother who gave 
them existence, through all the trials, difficulties or troubles 
she may encounter in life, which I pray God to avert > and also 
to love one another as we are commanded. 

To prevent what frequently happens in families, after the 
decease of the father in relation to his estate, it is my further 
will and desire that no division of my estate, under any cir- 
cumstances shall take place until all my just and honorable 
debts are paid, or satisfactory provision made for the payment 
of them. And in that case it is my will and desire that my exec- 
utrix herein after named make such person or persons of her 
own choosing, to divide Lands and appraise negroes and all 
other personal property as she shall think proper, without the 
interference of anyone whomsoever. 

There are some tokens of remembrance I would give, as in 
a former will, to those who were my friends in early life, but 
the task is painful. In my own opinion, to the most of them, I 
have returned two favors for one; and indeed, in some in- 
stances ten for one. There are some however whom I shall 
notice in a codicil to this my last will and testament, should I 
ever be able to make one, who are exceptions; for whom my 
grateful heart will carry a full remembrance to the grave. And 
lastly, I do hereby nominate, constitute and appoint my be- 
loved wife Ann O'Hear Hagood sole executrix of this my last 
will and testament; and do hereby also nominate, constitute, 
and appoint my said wife sole guardian of my said children, 
and of all and every other such child or children as I shall have 
living, or that my wife may be encient with at the time of my 

Signed, sealed, Etc. 

Johnson Hagood (L. S.) 






















The first authentic information we have of my father's 
people comes from the records of births, marriages, deaths, 
etc., preserved in the Gordon Family Bible, which was owned 
by my great-great-great grandmother Ann Nelme Gordon 
(Mrs. Thomas Gordon) whose name appears on the title page 
of the New Testament, and in whose handwriting the earlier 
entries were made. This record covering a period of ninety 
years, stops with the death of my great grandmother Ann 
O'Hear Hagood (Mrs. Johnson Hagood), after which her 
grandson Governor Johnson Hagood — my father's brother — 
in 1879 brought the record up to date by introducing his 
mother's family, and adding notes by which it was indicated 
that our earliest American ancestors on his side were Mr. 
Thomas Gordon of Charleston, Mr. James O'Hear of Charles- 
ton, Mr. Sherwood Allen of Richmond, and Dr. Peter 
Williamson of Edgefield; all of whom were men of means 
and high standing in their respective communities prior to the 
Revolutionary War. 

Subsequent research takes the Hagoods back to Virginia at 
a much earlier date, but we do not get anything very definite 
there, and for convenience in the preparation of these sketches, 
I have in general followed Governor Hagood's plan by dis- 
posing of the Gordon-O'Hear contingent first. 

The Gordon Bible came into the possession of Governor 
Hagood through a cousin, Mrs. Sophia McDonald, and is 
owned by his grandson, Mr. Johnson Hagood, formerly of 
Barnwell, but now residing in Florida. 




(My Great-great-great Grandfather) 

THOMAS GORDON, Sr., born 1723; died 1 1 November 
1765; was of English parentage, but no further knowledge 
of his origin is now preserved. A careful search of all avail- 
able records in Charleston, where he lived, fails to connect 
him with any of the numerous other Gordons in that vicinity. 
Governor Hagood says that he received some kind of a pen- 
sion or annuity from England. He had in his possession a very 
old copy of the Prussian Drill Regulations containing the 
name, book mark, and coat of arms, of Lieut. Colonel Thomas 
Gordon of the Foot Guards, which was handed down along 
with the Gordon Bible. This all led to the belief that that offi- 
cer and our ancestor were the same. But a letter to me from 
the British War Office says that while Lieut. Col. Gordon of 
the Foot Guards was in America before and during the Rev- 
olution, he returned to England, and remained on active duty 
for some time after the death of our Mr. Gordon in Charles- 

Later information would indicate that whatever may have 
been his origin, Mr. Gordon was in fact a building contractor, 
and perhaps an architect, in Charleston. The inventory of his 
estate, filed in the office of the Probate Court, shows that he 
owned a large quantity of building equipment and tools, to- 
gether with a number of negro slaves, valued at from £150 
to £700 each, who were evidently his workmen. 

The first official record of him is found in Saint Philip's 
Parish Register, where it is shown that on the ninth day of 


12 Meet Your Grandfather 

July, 1752 (O. S.) he was united in the holy bonds of matri- 
mony with Ann Nelme, a widow, by the Reverend Alexander 

Then the next year, July 26th, 1753, he joined the South 
Carolina Society, and remained a member in good standing up 
to the time of his death. This Society, organized in 1737, had 
its origin in the fact that certain gentlemen in the "excellent 
little burg of Charlestown, realizing that one of their acquaint- 
ances, was reduced to low circumstances, and had opened a 
small tavern at his house for the support of himself and 
family, agreed to meet there every Thursday evening and par- 
take of his good cheer, and thus in an unobtrusive and graceful 
way render him assistance." It was originally called the French 
Club, and no other language was allowed to be spoken, but 
English was gradually introduced. 

The society soon branched out from Poinsett's Tavern into 
the field of general charity. It not only rendered assistance to 
its own "decayed members", their widows and orphans j but 
undertook the education of needy children all over the city. 
In 1804, it erected a handsome building on Meeting Street 
which is still one of the show places of Charleston. This was 
intended to provide a school room, and a place of assembly for 
members; but it was loaned out for two years for use as a 
church. Being adjacent to St. Michael's it is very convenient 
for wedding receptions, and the Hagood family started that 
fashion by coming down from Atlanta, and having my 
daughter Jean's reception there when she married Jimmie 
Holloway in 1921. Since that time many other young brides 
have been greeted in those spacious halls. 

Thomas Gordon was one of the earliest members of St. 
Michael's Church, and owned a pew there. Before that he had 
been a member of St. Philip's. Originally the two parishes 

Thomas Gordon, Sr. 13 

were one, organized under the Church of England, but they 
were separated by an Act of the Colonial Assembly 24 June 
1751, which authorized the construction of a new church, with 
"a ring of bells", and a parish house on Meeting Street. This 
act provided that there should be set up a commodious pew for 
the use of the Governor, two large pews for the use of the As- 
sembly, one large pew for the use of strangers, and other pews 
all of the same size, to be sold to the parishioners at varying 
prices according to location. 

The first distribution of pews was made on 1 December 
1760, and the first service was conducted two months later. 
But the Gordon family was stricken with smallpox just at this 
time and was not represented. Ann Gordon, Sr., died leaving 
two small children — Thomas, age six, and Ann Gordon, Jr. 
(from whom we are descended) age three. The next year, how- 
ever, 19 October 1762, they succeeded in getting pew No. 97, 
quite near the pulpit, which had originally been allotted to 
John Favors. The price paid for this was £150, quite a large 
sum in those days and equal to a year's salary as prescribed by 
law for the rector. But the funds thus raised were required to 
pay for the construction of the church and to buy "the ring of 

Mr. Gordon continued to occupy this pew with the two little 
orphans for about three years, and it must have been a sad 
sight to see them come in. But at the end of that time, 14 Jan- 
uary 1765, he married second Mary Hawkes, and after another 
short period (November 1765) he died, leaving the pew to 
his widow. The pew continued in the possession of the family 
until 1771, when it was sold. A very much-faded and muti- 
lated record of these transactions is still preserved. Young 
Thomas continued to be a member of St. Michael's until the 
date of his death, and for three years served as senior warden. 
But Ann married a Presbyterian. 


1754-1809 | 

(My Great-great-great Uncle) 

Thomas Gordon, Jr., was not our direct ancestor, but 
having died without issue, his right of membership to the 
Society of the Cincinnati descended to our family through his 
sister Ann, and for that reason he is included here. 

The Gordon Bible shows that "Thomas Gordon Jr. was born 
July ye 15 1754 and had the smallpox February ye 22 1760". 
He was commissioned first lieutenant in the Fifth South Caro- 
lina Line, Continental Establishment (Regular Army) Decem- 
ber 22nd 1 777, was promoted captain the next year, and served 
to the end of the war.* He married, April 8th 1800, Mrs. 
Grace Hall Jervey, widow of Captain Thomas Jervey, also of 
the Continental Line, but as indicated had no children. 

Captain Gordon like his father was an active member of the 
South Carolina Society and served, without compensation, for 
eighteen years as its Clerk. He was also an active member of 
St. Michael's Church and served for four years (1791-94) as 
a warden. 

The Charleston Courier carried the following notice of his 

"Died on Sunday 26th of November (1809) Captain 
Thomas Gordon in the 56th year of his age. During his last 
illness he evidenced a mind endowed with much fortitude, and 
as a Christian was perfectly resigned to meet his Creator. 

• 3. C. Hist, and Gen. Magazine, Vol. XIII. 


Captain Thomas Gordon 15 

"Early in our Revolutionary struggle, he obtained a com- 
mission in the Continental Establishment, under Colonel Isaac 
Huger, was in active service in Georgia and in this state, and 
continued a zealous supporter of his country's rights and lib- 
erties until the close of the war." 

"For many years past, and until his death, his upright and 
correct conduct ensured to him the office of Cashier of the 
Custom House of Charleston, the duties of which he per- 
formed to the perfect satisfaction of the various collectors. In 
public and in private life he made integrity his polar star, and 
in all his transactions, was governed by most rigid principles 
of honesty, candour, and independence." 



The lives of these women cover a period of a hundred and 
twenty-three years but they are so intermingled that they will 
be considered together. 

We have seen in another sketch, that Mr. Thomas Gordon, 
Sr., married Ann Nelme, a widow, in 1752. She lived only 
eight years after this and died leaving him with two small chil- 
dren, Thomas Gordon, Jr., who became a Continental officer, 
and Ann Gordon, Jr., from whom we are descended. He mar- 
ried second Mary Hawkes, a "spinster" forty-five years of 
age. That was on January 17th 1765, and then in the following 
November he died leaving her with no children of her own 
but with the care of the two orphans, Ann and Thomas. 

Mary also took charge of the old Gordon Bible, and kept 
the records. We find in her handwriting that Ann Gordon, Jr., 
had come into this world on November 28th 1757 and had 
the smallpox February 28 1760. Her brother Thomas was 
taken down the same day and it is very likely that his mother, 
Ann Gordon, Sr., had it also as she died about this time. 

Mary made a good stepmother and always referred to the 
children as her own, and it may be that she had charge of them 
in some capacity during the five-year interval following their 
mother's death. She had been made executrix of Mr. Gordon's 
will and guardian of the children. The estate, including some 
slaves, was sufficient for their support: she managed it well 
and it was turned over to them in good shape when they 
reached their maturity. 

Not long after her sixteenth birthday, Ann, Jr., got married, 
and we find the following notice, with the name of the groom 


Two Anns — Mary and Mary Ann 17 

spelt wrong, in the South Carolina Gazette of Monday, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1774: 

"The same day (last Thursday) Mr. James O'Hare was 
married to Miss Nancy Gordon, endowed with every requisite 
for matrimonial happiness, and only daughter of Mr. Thomas 

Three days before her seventeenth birthday a child was 
born and we find in the Bible: 

"Mary Ann O'Hear, daughter of James and Ann (Gordon) 
O'Hear, was born Friday November 25th 1774, about three 
quarters after two o'clock in the afternoon, moon in the last 
quarter. She was baptized Sunday January 1st, 1775, by the 
Reverend William Tennent," and was "innoculated for the 
smallpox the 23rd of May 1 780 and received it in a very mild 

It is interesting to note that vaccination had not yet been 
discovered, and it was the practice to actually give the children 
a slight case of smallpox and then cure them so that they would 
be thereafter immune.* 

There were three other children, one of whom Warren 
Gates O'Hear reached maturity but left no issue. Poor little 
Ann died at the birth of her fourth child, June 29th 1780, aged 
twenty-two years and seven months. 

Mary Gordon, the stepmother, now comes into the picture 
once more and takes over the step grandchildren from Mr. 
O'Hear, as she had taken over the stepchildren from Mr. 
Gordon fifteen years before. The father lost no time in finding 
himself a new wife, by whom he added fifteen new (nineteen 
in all) little Charlestonians to the population of the state. Mary 

* The Rector of St. Michael's preached against this in 1761, denouncing it at i tinfal 
attempt to interfere with the visitations of Almighty God. 

18 Meet Your Grandfather 

however, makes no note of these incidents in the Bible. Her 
next entry is: 

"Juliet, daughter of Clarissa (a negro slave) was born ye 
9th November 1787, and innoculated for the smallpox April 
16th 1780." 

At the age of three, Juliet was formally presented by Mary 
Gordon to her "granddaughter Mary Ann O'Hear" as a token 
of love and affection. (Record of Charleston Probate Court 
June 3d 1790) and when the old lady died at the age of sev- 
enty-three, she also provided that Clarissa should go to Mary 
Ann. Juliet was eventually taken to Barnwell, and there she 
and her descendants have remained as servants of the family 
or as employees on the plantation ever since. 

Mary Ann was also known as Nancy as was her mother be- 
fore her, and in the Gazette of Thursday December 1 1th 1794, 
we find: 

"On Wednesday evening, Johnson Hagood Esq. was mar- 
ried to Miss Nancy O'Hear, daughter of Mr. James O'Hear, 
both of this city". 

She bore him many children, among whom was my grand- 
father James O'Hear Hagood, and died March 27th, 1843. 
She was buried in the family graveyard on Short Staple plan- 
tation in Barnwell County. 

The descendants of Mary Ann Hagood are the only repre- 
sentatives of Thomas Gordon, Sr. 


This name was originally spelt O'Hara; and Burke in his 
Irish Gentry says: 

The family of O'Hara in Ireland was founded by one Ced- 
ric, King of Spain, who came over and made himself Monarch 
of Ireland. His descendants did not retain the throne, but be- 
came a powerful clan, building a castle at Annamore and hold- 
ing sovereignty over many adjoining isles. In the 16th or 17th 
century one of them married a French woman of high rank 
and went to France. Some of his descendants returned to Ire- 
land settling in Calway. Unlike the rest of the family they 
were Presbyterians, and changed their name from O'Hara to 
O'Hear. In the 1 7th Century the O'Haras of Annamore com- 
bined their arms with the Coopers, the heiress of the castle 
having married into the Cooper family. 

Burke shows the original O'Hara coat of arms as well as 
that of the Cooper-O'Hara branch. 

The family tradition in South' Carolina is that at the time 
of Bloody Mary, there were three brothers, Protestants, in 
Ireland named O'Hara. Two of them changed their religion 
under persecution, and became Catholics. The third retained 
his religion and fled to France, where the name was softened 
to O'Hear. And from there his descendants emigrated to this 
country. Another tradition is that the one who fled to France 
was so disgusted with his brothers for changing over to be 
Catholics that he changed his name to O'Hear. 

The first record of the family we have in this country is in 
the St. Andrews Parish register: "Hugh O'Hair buried Dec 
1753 pr. Mr. Martin." 




(My Great-great Grandfather) 

JAMES O'HEAR, son of Hugh and Margaret O'Hear, 
was born 10 February 1750; and on 10 February 1774, he 
married Ann Gordon, Jr., daughter of Thomas Gordon, Sr. 
She died six years later leaving two small children, Mary Ann 
or Nancy, from whom we are descended, and Warren Gates, 
who died without issue. 

Mr. O'Hear was a merchant in Charleston, and must have 
been an owner of ships as the records of the Revolution show 
that he rented a schooner to the Colonial Navy. He was also 
the owner of plantations both in South Carolina and Georgia.* 
From these several sources, he accumulated a large fortune, 
but late in life met with reverses. Being almost Quixotic in 
his ideas of honor, he turned everything over to his creditors, 
and, in the middle of summer, took his family to Marshfield, a 
plantation in St. Andrews Parish, which on account of the 
fevers prevalent on river plantations, was believed to be an 
invitation to death. But mercifully they were spared. 

Among the family traditions, there is some vague signifi- 
cance attached to the fact that the name of James O'Hear 
appears upon the following paper. It had no date, but was 
produced in the United States District Court in Charleston, 
March 5th, 1835, by one Daniel Stevens, a signatory, and 
attested by that court as an original document. It was reprinted 
in the Charleston Mercury of January 6th, 1860, with the 

• Richard Barry, in his Mr. Rutlcdge says that the most prominent families in the Col- 
ony at this time were of the merchant planter class, the professional men taking second 


James O'Hear 21 

statement that the original had been deposited with the United 
States Patent Office in Washington, and was taken to have 
been a measure to weed out Tories. It can be seen at the 
Charleston Library Society, under the title A Revolutionary 

"I do swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance 
to the State of South Carolina, and will faithfully sup- 
port, maintain, and defend the same against George the 
Third, King of Great Britain, his successors, his abettors, 
and all other enemies and opposers, whatsoever, and will 
without delay, discover to the Executive Authority, or to 
some one Justice of the Peace within the State, all such 
plots and conspiracies, that shall come to my knowledge, 
against the said State, or any of the United States of 
America j So help me God." 

(Signed) Edward Rutledge * 
Henry Timrod 
Gabriel Manigault 

James O'Hear 

and others. 

James O'Hear was a Presbyterian, as according to Burke, 
his antecedents had been before him. He was an Elder of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Charleston in 1 784 j also a mem- 
ber of the Mount Sion Society, being very much interested in 
public charities. For twenty-three years he was an active mem- 
ber of the South Carolina Society at the same time with his 

Mr. Rutledge was Governor of the State. 

22 Meet Your Grandfather 

brother-in-law Captain Thomas Gordon, Jr., and his son-in- 
law, Johnson Hagood, Esq. 

After the death of Ann Gordon, his first wife, Mr. O'Hear 
married Sarah Fabian, daughter of Joseph Fabian * and Ann 
Dean. By her he had fifteen children, and left many descend- 
ants. He died 14 April 1813, of a dropsy of the chest (Gordon 
Bible) and was buried in the graveyard of the Second Pres- 
byterian Church. He and his wife Sarah share the same tomb. 
The stone still stands (1945) against the north wall, not far 
from the Sunday School Building. 

His granddaughter, Miss Mary O'Hear of Charleston, who 
lived to be quite an old lady, was very accurate and conscien- 
tious about family records, was the custodian of all we know 
about the O'Hears, and greatly assisted in the preparation of 
these papers. 

* The Charleston Year Rook of 1S84 contains an account of extensive exploration of 
the South Carolina and Florida coasts in 1664 by Peter Fabian and William Hilton, for 
whom Hilton Head Island is named, at the entrance to Port Royal Sound. 



(Half Brother of my Great Grandmother) 

John Sanders O'Hear, son of James O'Hear and Sarah 
Fabian, his wife, was born on the 6th of September, 1806, and 
died on his plantation on the Wando River, September 1875. 
He received his early education in the schools of Charleston, 
and went from there to the Philadelphia Medical College, 
where he graduated in 1824. He practiced his profession in 
the Parish of St. Andrews, where the family owned large 
estates. In 1826 he married Caroline Fuller. Of this marriage 
there was no issue. His second wife, Catherine O'Hear, died 
27 December 1835, aged 23 and was buried in St. Andrews 
Parish Churchyard. In 1845 he married Anna Berwick Legare, 
daughter of John Berwick Legare, Esq., an Attorney at law 
in Charleston. Of this marriage there were eight children, 
three of whom reached maturity. Two of these, Mr. James 
O'Hear and Miss Mary Legare O'Hear, both of Charleston, 
were living in 1942. The former had a son Dr. James O'Hear, 
Jr., who served as a major in the Army Medical Corps over- 
seas during the Second World War. 

In 1847, Dr. John Sanders O'Hear bought large tracts of 
land in the Parish of Thomas and St. Dennis, where he lived 
with his family and slaves up to the time of his death. 

About 1850 he lost the use of one hand by the accidental 
discharge of a shotgun. This prevented his taking an active 


2\ Meet Your Grandfather 

part in the War of Secession. He was however, an ardent sup- 
porter of the Southern Cause. He invested his entire fortune 
in Confederate Bonds, and thus lost all he had when the armies 
of the South were defeated. 

At the calling of the Convention, which ultimately passed 
the Ordinance of Secession, he was, with Mr. Nowell, elected 
to represent the Parish of St. Thomas and St. Denis. 

When Charleston was evacuted several gunboats went up the 
Wando River and, landing at the O'Hear Plantation, made a 
clean sweep of everything. (The family had refugeed into the 
interior of the State.) One of the federal officers found in the 
house a pamphlet of the proceedings of the Convention, in 
which Doctor O'Hear's name appeared, and he asked one of 
the servants if her master's name was Dr. J. S. O'Hear; when 
she replied in the affirmative he immediately ordered the house 
burned. So when Dr. O'Hear returned with his family he 
found a stack of chimneys where had been a lovely home. 

In connection with this there is an incident which is more 
like fiction than cold fact: 

In the early days of 1800 a negro man was made free by his 
master for faithful service of some kind. As was the require- 
ment at that time, this man had to have what was called "a 
legal guardian". Mr. Legare, the father of Dr. O'Hear's wife, 
was appointed his guardian, and took charge of all his business. 
Old Captain (it was by that name that the negro was known to 
the younger generation) had a little farm on the outskirts of 
the city and accumulated quite a comfortable fortune. He was 
devoted to his guardian and would frequently bring the first 
vegetables from his farm to Mrs. Legare. On these occasions 
a table was always laid on back porch and his breakfast sent 
out to him. When Mr. Legare died the old man's grief was 
touching, and some years after, when the latter died, it was 

John Sanders O'Hear 25 

found that he had left to Mr. Legare's two daughters a sum 
of money as an expression of love and gratitude to their father. 

Mrs. O'Hear decided to use this legacy from old Captain 
for the betterment of his race, so she had built on the planta- 
tion a pretty chapel, and every Sunday afternoon the Rector 
of the Parish preached to the colored people of that and the 
adjoining plantations, who gathered in the chapel to hear him. 
Fortunately the chapel had not been consecrated, so that it 
could with very little expense be rolled to the site of the old 
homestead, that had been destroyed by Yankees, raised, and 
rooms built under it. This made a quaint and comfortable 
home. So after many years the grandchildren of Old Captain's 
friend were provided with a home by his grateful tribute to his 

The information for this sketch was furnished by Miss 
Mary Legare O'Hear prior to the First World War. — J. H. 



Sir John Hawkwood was a famous English strategist and 
leader of mercenary troops who sold his services and those of 
his men to the Black Prince of France, and to various powers 
in Italy during the 14th Century. He later became the Captain- 
General of Florence, and a handsome monument to his mem- 
ory still stands in that beautiful city. He had a none too savory 
reputation according to modern standards, but by his contem- 
poraries he was regarded as the greatest soldier of his time. 
And the genealogists say that he is our progenitor. (Mrs. 
Alberta Lewis of Philadelphia, and others.) 

Francis Hawkwood, the first and it is believed the only one 
of the name to come to America, arrived in 1650, and seems 
to have been a little run down at the heel. He lacked the dash 
of his soldier ancestor, had no monuments erected to his valor, 
and quietly settled down on the banks of the James River op- 
posite to Jamestown. There he took up lands in Charles City 
County (now included in Surry) and married Miss Elizabeth 
Creed, the daughter of a prosperous neighbor by whom he left 
many descendants. He died in 1677. (Court House records 
Surry, Virginia.) 

In the meantime he changed his name to Hogwood, or some- 
body changed it for him. And his son George improved it to 
Hagood. But it did not stay that way. More than two hundred 
and fifty years later we find the name variously spelled 
Hagood, Haygood, Haguewood, Haigwood, Hogwood, Hag- 
wood, Etc., in different parts of the country ; and even among 
those who spell it Hagood there is no general agreement as 
to how it should be pronounced. I get letters addressed under 


The Hagoods in Virginia 27 

all these different spellings, but my father, his father, and his, 
back for five generations, together with their friends and the 
negroes on the place, have always spelled it Hagood and pro- 
nounced it Haguewood,* so I do the same. 

Perhaps the original name of Hawkwood still rings in 
people's ears — Hawkwood, Hawgwood, Haguewood. The 
shield of Sir John Hawkwood, as indicated by his portrait in 
the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence, shows 
Hawks flying through a wood. It may be that after the family 
got established in Virginia, it was considered to be more appro- 
priate to show "hawgs" flying through a swamp. The will of 
our progenitor shows that he had a number of hogs, and it 
was at that time that the name began to be spelled Hogwood. 

The records of Virginia also show the name as Howgoodj 
and a Britisher in Manchuria addressed my brother as Lee 
Ha Goo, thinking that he was a Chinese. 

See Who's Who in America 1944-1945; A. N. Marquis Company. 



The first direct information we have as to our particular 
branch of the Hagood family is found in the old Gordon Bible 
mentioned at the beginning of these papers, which came into 
the family through Ann Gordon O'Hear. The records were 
brought up to date by Governor Johnson Hagood (1879) 
from such information as he had at that time, and have sub- 
sequently been checked and expanded by others through a 
search of public documents and court records of Virginia and 
South Carolina. 

WILLIAM HAGOOD. The First Census, made in 1782- 
90, shows a number of Hagoods under various spellings in 
Halifax, Princess Anne, and Brunswick County of Virginia, 
with others in Maryland, North Carolina, and the Ninety Six 
District of South Carolina. Among the latter was William 
Hagood, who according to family tradition was a native of Vir- 
ginia of English descent. In 1770 he married Sarah Johnson 
also of Virginia, and on her mother's side of French extraction. 

They moved to South Carolina just before the Revolu- 
tionary War, and settled with their children and slaves in the 
Ninety Six District. He was of the pioneer type, and a man 
of moderate means, but he did not have to work with his hands, 
as did many of those who came over in ships. At the time of 
his death, in 1812, he was possessed of valuable lands watered 
by Horse Pen, Cuffeetown, Ninety Six, and other adjacent 
Creeks, some of which flowed north into the Saluda River, 
and others south into the Savannah. 


The Hagoods in South Carolina 29 

There were a number of Hagoods in and about the Ninety 
Six District at that time with whom we have not been able to 
establish any direct connection. One of William Hagood's 
daughters, Rebecca Hagood, married Randall (or Randolph) 
Hagood, who was entered upon the family records as "no 
kin". Another daughter, Susan Hagood, married James Am- 
bler of a Virginia family, and had a daughter Adaline who 
married Colonel Benjamin Hagood,* a distinguished man of 
his day, and from a nearby plantation, but whose relationship, 
if any, has not been established. 

A great deal has been written about the Amblers. "The 
Ambler Manuscripts" in the Congressional Library in Wash- 
ington contain more than a hundred documents, and a writer 
in the Virginia Historical Magazine t remarks that it is rather 
strange that two Ambler brothers, Jaquelin and Edward, 
should have been the successful rivals of Thomas Jefferson and 
George Washington, the former having married Rebecca Bur- 
well (Jefferson's Belinda), and the latter having married Mary 

Colonel Benjamin Hagood's people for the past hundred 
and fifty years have been identified with the upper part of the 
state — Pendleton, Pickens, Easley and Caesar's Head. William 
Hagood's descendants have been identified with Barnwell. 
Adaline Ambler Hagood, granddaughter of William, and 
wife of Ben, is represented in this generation by Mrs. Thomas 
J. Mauldin of Pickens, and James M. Hagood of Charleston. 

Major James H. Ambler, brother of Adaline, was born in 
1815, and did not die until 1907. I had some correspondence 
with him in connection with these family relations; but he 
was too old to remember very much, and all that he could give 
me is contained herein. 

* Cyclopedia Eminent Men of the Carolina*, Brant and Fuller. Vol. I, page S36. 
t Vol. II, page 232. 

30 Meet Your Grandfather 

His grandmother Sarah Hagood, wife of William, died 
about 1826, and among her sons was Johnson Hagood, my 
great grandfather, who has been made the subject of another 

Mrs. Edward Clark (Eva Turner), in her very excellent 
book about the Clark Family in South Carolina, lists the 
Hagoods among her "Allied Families", mentions my name, 
and says "It is believed" that William Hagood of the Ninety 
Six District (my ancestor) was the son of the Reverend 
William Hagood of North Carolina. This belief has not ex- 
tended to any members of our branch, and I have never been 
able to establish any foundation for it, though as indicated 
above all the different Hagoods in this country must be con- 
nected in some way. 



(My Great Grandfather) 

JOHNSON HAGOOD, the elder, as he was called to dis- 
tinguish him from his grandson General Johnson Hagood, 
C. S. A., was born in Virginia August 31st, 1771; and died 
at Charleston, S. C, April 27, 1816. He was the first member 
of the Hagood family to reach any worthwhile distinction. He 
was the son of William Hagood and his wife Sarah Johnson 
of French extraction, who moved to South Carolina in 1775, 
bringing several small children with them, and took up lands 
in the Ninety Six District, now Edgefield County. 

Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography in writing 
of him says: 

"On one occasion, when about seven years old, he was sent 
out in the night to procure medical assistance for his father's 
family, and passed through the scene of one of the guerilla 
skirmishes so frequent at that time. Several corpses were lying 
unburied on the field and wolves were feeding upon them. 
His nerves were severely tried, but he performed his errand." 

This incident must have made a great impression, not only 
upon young Johnson, but upon others as it is mentioned else- 
where in biographical sketches, and I can testify from my 
own experience that it is very terrifying for a boy of that age 
to be sent out in the night to get a doctor, even in a fair-sized 
town with the streets well lighted by kerosene lamps. This 
however was not his only occasion for alarm. One night after 
supper he was sitting on his father's piazza along with other 


32 Meet Your Grandfather 

members of the family and some friends, when skulking Tories 
fired into the party, and seriously wounded one of the visitors. 

Thus when seven years old he had seen more of war at close 
range than many of his elders whose service entitles their de- 
scendants to wear badges of the Revolution. 

The Appleton account continues: 

"At the age of fourteen, the lad determined to care for him- 
self and walked sixty miles to Granby (the present site of 
Columbia) where he succeeded in obtaining employment in 
a country store. At the end of a year he went to Charleston 
and entered a law office where he had access to books and at- 
tended a night school. He began the study of law, was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1793, and immediately became the partner 
of his patron (Goodloe Harper) who was elected to Congress 
(1795) and left young Hagood the entire management of 
the practice." 

It was Harper who gave to America the sentiment "Millions 
for defense but not a cent for tribute" erroneously attributed 
to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and improperly inscribed 
upon a tablet to his memory in St. Michael's Church, though 
Pinckney had made a public denial of its authorship and said 
it belonged to Harper. 

The facts as published in the South Carolina Historical 
and Genealogical Magazine for January and July 1900 
are that at the time of the X.Y.Z. Mission to France in 
1797, when we were having some trouble in that quarter, 
Tally rand, the distinguished French statesman, made a de- 
mand for fifty thousand pounds in gold as a doucement to 
be used for political purposes, to which Mr. Pinckney, the 
head of the Mission replied "No! No! Not a sixpence!". Later 
after the incident became well known in the United States, 

Johnson Hagood, Esq. 33 

at a dinner given by the lower House of Congress to Mr. 
John Marshall who had been a member of the mission, Harper 
proposed a toast in the immortal words "Millions for defense 
but not a cent for tribute". 

Mr. Harper served in Congress, both the House and the 
Senate for several terms, then resigned to become a candidate 
for Vice President of the United States on the Federalist ticket. 
He was a major general during the War of 1812, and the 
author of numerous important publications upon national and 
international affairs. He took the part of Napoleon and warned 
the United States that Russia would some day prove to be a 
dangerous friend. 

In traveling about the state on his law business, he had often 
been the guest of the Hagoods at Ninety Six, and it was there 
that he had taken a liking for the ambitious young Johnson, 
later inducing him to leave the store in Granby for a position 
in his office in Charleston. 

The South Carolina Gazette of December 1 1th 1794 carried 
the following notice: 

"On Wednesday evening, (December 10th) Johnson 
Hagood Esq. was married to Miss Nancy O'Hear, daughter 
of Mr. James O'Hear, both of this city." 

She was possessed of a small property which included the 
two female slaves Clarissa and Juliet, who had been given to 
her as personal servants by her step-grandmother Mary 
Gordon, when she was a child. 

Hagood continued to practice law until 1813, and according 
to Appleton and others, rose to distinction in the profession, 
while also devoting much attention to the natural sciences es- 
pecially to the development of electricity and galvanism for 
which he procured expensive experimental apparatus from 

34 Meet Your Grandfather 

Europe. In 1806 however, at the age of thirty-four, he began 
to make his arrangements to retire. He purchased lands in Col- 
leton and Barnwell Counties and established two plantations, 
the Round O near Walterboro, and Short Staple near Barn- 
well Court House, where he moved his family and lived. Like 
George Washington and other country gentlemen of those 
times, he became a surveyor, that is he surveyd his own lands 
and occasionally assisted his neighbors without charge. His 
transit was preserved in the family and used for the same pur- 
pose for more than a hundred years after his death. 

Johnson Hagood as a planter was a gentleman of the old 
school and somewhat given to ostentation. He dressed in the 
colonial fashion, and a portrait shows his hair powdered and 
tied in the back with ribbon. The grounds about his planta- 
tion house were decorated with statues, and in his library 
were a number of marble and bronze busts of ancient states- 
men and philosophers. His books, many of them, were very 
handsome — old editions bound in heavy calf, with illumi- 
nated pages and gilt edges. Among the silver was a very old 
goblet, known as the Gordon Cup, which had come down 
through his wife, the age and origin of which was unknown. 
He joined the South Carolina Society shortly after his mar- 
riage and remained a member until his death. He took a great 
interest in its work and made frequent visits from Barnwell 
to Charleston for its meetings. 

Judge John Belton O'Neall in his Bench and Bar of South 
Carolina (1859) gives a long account of his life and says: 

"Sanguine and unsuspicious in temper and with a strong 
relish for the pleasures of life, hospitality was almost a passion 
with him j and so well known that few strangers visited his 
neighborhood without calling upon him. At term time in Barn- 
well his house was almost always the home of the Judge and 

Johnson Hagood, Esq. 35 

as many of the bar as it could contain. Such a man was well 
calculated to have friends. In the profession he had many, 
among whom may be especially mentioned Judge Bay and 
Judge Grimke (of Charleston)". 

He died in the prime of life, April 27th, 1816, while on 
a visit to Charleston where he had gone to seek medical atten- 
tion. He was buried before his 45th birthday, in the Second 
Presbyterian Churchyard where his gravestone still stands 
(1944) along the north wall near the Sunday School beside 
that of his father in law James O'Hear. 



(My Grandfather) 

JAMES O'HEAR HAGOOD was born in Charleston, 
4 October 1804,. and died at Barnwell Court House (also 
known as Barnwell Village) January 17th, 1873. He was the 
second son of Johnson Hagood, Esq., a distinguished attorney 
of Charleston, and of Ann O'Hear, his wife, of the same city. 

According to a biographical sketch, published in a local news- 
paper, at the time of his death, his parents "removed to Barn- 
well District (when he was a baby) where they built them- 
selves a home, remarkable for the skillful combination of nat- 
ural and artificial attractions, and where a numerous circle of 
intelligent friends shared their liberal hospitality. . . . Amid 
the delights of such a home, and under such social influences, 
his tastes and manners received their earliest impress. His boy- 
hood was passed under the instruction of private tutors, and 
he was later sent to Armstrong's Academy, Edgefield County, 
an institution of good repute, and modeled upon the educa- 
tional ideas of the celebrated Dr. Moses Waddell". 

He commenced his professional reading in Augusta, 
Georgia j attended lectures in Philadelphia ; and graduated 
with distinction from the University of Pennsylvania in 1824. 
After that he returned to Barnwell and commenced the prac- 
tice of physic. But he continued "his diligent reading which 
kept him abreast with the progress of science in his profession, 
and his country patients enjoyed the benefits of every real and 
substantial discovery as early as the denisons of the city". 


Dr. James O. Hagood 37 

The Doctor, however, did not depend upon the practice of 
physic for a living. He bought a plantation, called Cypress, 
near "the Village", and there with seventy-five negro slaves 
inherited from his father, and a white overseer, he raised 
cotton and cattle for the market, and such crops for his own use 
as were necessary in the days when the people depended al- 
most entirely upon what was produced upon their own planta- 
tions or in the neighborhood. The plantation abounded with 
partridges, snipe, and wild ducks, while the Mill Pond teemed 
with bass, bream, and the various kinds of perch, which pro- 
vided not only the finest of food upon occasion, but a never- 
ending source of sport and pleasure for his family and friends. 

The Doctor did not live on the plantation. He made his 
home in the Village, where he constructed a handsome and 
spacious residence of the old Southern style on a lot that was 
owned by the family. Here he had his garden, his flowers and 
his horses. He preferred to travel on horseback, rather than 
in a buggy, and he carried his physics in a saddlebag. His prin- 
cipal concern was for his family and slaves. He rarely sent 
a bill to his friends or neighbors. 

His wife (he was married in 1828) was Miss Indiana M. 
Allen, a young lady of personal charm, and well possessed of 
means, the daughter of John Cargill Allen, Esq., a well-known 
attorney of the county and a planter of large estates. They 
had eleven children, of whom my father was number nine. 
In 1840, the Doctor and his wife united themselves upon the 
same day with the Presbyterian Church, and a short time after 
that he became an elder. This beautiful little edifice of those 
times, was located on the edge of the Village in a grove of red 
oak trees, and the family continued to worship there for more 
than seventy years. 

Sherman's Army marched through Barnwell, and he person- 
ally stopped in Blackville, only nine miles away. Nearly all 

38 Meet Your Grandfather 

the plantations were destroyed, and the Doctor's house in the 
Village was set on fire; but it was saved by a young boy — a 
cousin — who climbed upon the roof, and pretending that he 
was simple, refused to come down, and insisted upon helping 
the soldiers to -put the fire out. 

Dr. Hagood died at the age of sixty-eight, and was buried 
in the family graveyard on the plantation. The Physicians of 
the county held a meeting at Blackville and passed a resolu- 
tion, in which they said: "For nearly fifty years this able and 
upright physician fought a noble fight in the sacred cause of 
humanity and has at length gone down to the grave crowned 
with the glory of a well spent life, and embalmed in the grate- 
ful love of the many thousands to whom he ministered." 

The county newspaper said: "Doctor Hagood was a South 
Carolina gentleman of the most elevated type. This implies 
an open door, a generous heart, simplicity of manners, pride 
without haughty conceit, courtesy alike removed from formal- 
ity and sycophancy, and the soul of honor. His discriminative 
trait was severe rectitude of purpose and unswerving devotion 
to duty." 



(My Father) 

LEE HAGOOD, son of Dr. James O'Hear Hagood and 
Indiana M. Allen, his wife, was born in Barnwell Village, 
S. C, October 31st 1846. He received his early education at 
the Barnwell Academy, from which he went to the Hillsboro 
Military Academy in North Carolina. This school having been 
closed on account of the war, he returned to Barnwell and was 
preparing to go to the Citadel in Charleston; but hearing that 
his brother, Jim Hagood, a Captain in the First South Caro- 
lina Volunteers, was passing through Blackville (ten miles 
distant) enroute to Tennessee, he went there and boarded the 
train, only to find that Hagood's Company was on a different 
section. He made his way however to the Brigade Commander, 
General Micah Jenkins, a friend of the family, who upon 
Lee's earnest solicitation, which the General described as irre- 
sistable, kindly permitted him to join his staff as orderly, and 
took him to Chicamauga where he was mounted, given a uni- 
form, and acted as courier during the campaign. There he came 
in contact with General Hood and other prominent Confed- 
erate generals, friends of his brother General Johnson Hagood 
in Virginia. 

It was at this time that Jim Hagood was jumped up to be 
Colonel of his regiment in place of Kilpatrick who had been 
killed. His commission was dated ten days before his nine- 
teenth birthday, thus making him the youngest Colonel in the 
Confederate Army. 

Lee remained with General Jenkins throughout the Ten- 
nessee campaign, and then under the persuasion of Jim, only 


40 Meet Your Grandfather 

two years older but a veteran, he returned to Barnwell and 
went directly to the Citadel where he reported in his Con- 
federate uniform. 

Writing of these incidents, more than fifty years later, the 
Reverend John Kershaw, Rector of St. Michael's Church in 
Charleston says: 

"Lee, as one who had had actual service in the Confederate 
army, was treated with great respect. * * * At such times as 
we were called out to do military duty Lee was always the 
contented and genial soldier. * * * These frequent interrup- 
tions of the Academic sessions made it difficult for the most 
studious to maintain a high standard of scholarship ; but Lee 
did about as well as most of his classmates * * * though I 
think he always felt the call of an active campaign. 

"After the reassembling of the Cadet Corps in the Fall of 
1864, we were ordered to a point on the railroad near Yem- 
assee, and a lively fight ensued in which the cadets behaved 
with great gallantry and held in check a greatly superior force 
of the enemy. I remember hearing Lee tell of having in his 
pocket all during the fight a little flying squirrel (given to 
him by a young lady) which he had tamed and kept as a pet; 
and how this tiny mascot behaved itself beautifully in spite 
of the tumult of battle. Two days later in another action his 
coolness and courage became the subject of admiring comment 
in the command. 

"No one could know Lee Hagood without loving him. He 
had the gift of making and retaining friends. Himself the soul 
of honor, transparently truthful, full of gracious sympathy, 
generous to a fault, and thinking no evil of others, it is no 
wonder that Lee drew out the best and the kindliest that was 
in them. There is no one of my friends of former days of 
whom I think more often, and never except with a warmth of 

Colonel Lee Hagood 41 

heart that testifies to my sincere admiration of him as a man 
who I am proud to have called my friend." 

Mr. Joe Barnwell, universally accepted as the Lord Ches- 
terfield of Charleston, and for many years the head of the 
Saint Cecelia Society, speaking before the Association of Grad- 
uates of the Citadel of Lee Hagood, said: 

"How well I remember the cold windy day in January 1 864, 
when we entered the sally-port of this academy together as 
recruits to the third class. * * * Lee in his soldier's jacket of 
Confederate grey. * * * My acquaintance with him as a cadet 
ended with the skirmishes at Tulifinny, in which our Corps 
was engaged, and his was one of the kindly hands that bore 
me wounded from the field. I knew him well afterwards in 
civil life, and upon one occasion of intense sorrow and bereave- 
ment to him, saw the careless, genial, laughing spirit of boy- 
hood, covered nevertheless with the manly fortitude, the 
dauntless courage, which he inherited in common with his two 
gallant brothers, Colonel James R. Hagood — the bravest of 
the brave — and our honored chief." (General Johnson Hagood 
was at that time Chairman of the Board of Visitors at the Cit- 

The Citadel Cadets remained in the field, manning the forts 
around Charleston, until the city was evacuated because of 
Sherman's March to the Sea, at which time they retreated with 
Harlee to the vicinity of Cheraw. 

After the war, Lee returned to Barnwell, where he under- 
took the rehabilitation of Cypress, one of his father's planta- 
tions. But the outbuildings had been destroyed, the crops 
ridden down, the stock all driven off or stolen, and the negroes 
freed and scattered. Little was left in the way of farm imple- 
ments, and Lee did not even have a wagon. He went to work 
however in what remained of the old blacksmith shop, and in 

42 Meet Your Grandfather 

the course of the year built himself a wagon. In the meantime 
he eeked out a little cash money by teaching school. 

The Hagood and the Tobin plantations lay in that black 
trail of ruin across which Sherman had said that a crow could 
not fly! 

After five years on the plantation Lee went into the insur- 
ance business, and two years later (December 14, 1871), mar- 
ried Kathleen Rosa Tobin, daughter of General John E. Tobin 
of a nearby plantation. He became general agent for the 
Southern Life Insurance Company with offices on the corner of 
Washington and Main streets in Columbia which for many 
years was the largest building of its kind in the city. But this 
company, like many others in those hard times, failed and Lee 
had to find another occupation. 

He served as Clerk of the Court of Claims, and after that 
went into the cotton seed oil business, then a new field; but 
eventually returned to Insurance. At the time of his death, 
he was the state manager of the Valley Mutual Life Insurance 
Company of Virginia. 

Lee took an active part in the political campaign of 1876 
which overthrew the Negro-Carpetbagger government of 
South Carolina. He was never a candidate for public office, 
but was one of the junior leaders in Hampton's Red Shirt 
Brigade. Hampton, a lieutenant general of the Confederate 
Army, was much older than Lee Hagood, but was his intimate 
friend. So also Major General Mathew C. Butler, who went 
to the Senate, and Hugh S. Thompson, who became Governor. 
The two latter were family connections, and the three of them 
were among the last of the old "Bourbons", (as they were 
dubbed by Pitchfork Ben Tillman) who had presided over the 
State from Colonial days, practically without pay, and at a time 

Colonel Lee Hagood 43 

when there was no such thing as a political machine or patron- 

It was Thompson who appointed Lee a Colonel on the Gov- 
ernor's staff. 

The following incident was related to me by Dave Means, 
my father's cousin of about the same age, and a lifelong com- 

As boys, Jimmie (Colonel James R. Hagood) and Lee had 
read together that pathetic and impressive scene in Dicken's 
Tale of Two Cities, where Carton voluntarily and vicariously 
gives his life to save that of his rival. In the cart on the way 
to the guillotine, there is a little girl also to be beheaded, and 
Carton is comforting her by teaching her, and having her con- 
stantly repeat, until the great knife falls to end her life, those 
thrilling words of immortality; "I am the resurrection and 
the life ; he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet 
shall he live." * 

Several years after the war, upon the occasion of a Confed- 
erate Reunion in Columbia, Lee learned that there had been 
a wreck on the railroad, and that the victims were being 
brought in on the train. He went down to the depot, and there 
among the wounded he found his brother Jimmie with a 
mortal blow upon his head that had destroyed the power of 
speech but did not interfere with consciousness. Lee bent over 
and slowly repeated to him the words; "I am the resurrection 
and the life; he that believeth in me, though he were dead, 
yet shall he live." A bright smile lighted the face of the dying 
brother; he nodded a responsive assent, and a few hours later 
passed away. 

Lee Hagood died on a Christmas night, or rather early in 
the morning of December 26, 1890, as result of an accidental 

•John VI, 2S. 

44 Meet Your Grandfather 

gunshot wound. He was buried in the family graveyard at 
Short Staple Plantation, near his brother j and the above quo- 
tation so sacred to the two boys is inscribed upon his tomb. 



(My Uncle) 

Johnson Hagood, son of Dr. James O'Hear Hagood and 
Indiana M. Allen, his wife, was born 21 February 1829, and 
died 4 January 1898. He was my father's eldest brother, and 
is credited by his biographers with being one of the most dis- 
tinguished, most beloved men that South Carolina has ever 
produced — certainly since the Revolution. Many distinguished 
sons of South Carolina have gone out from the state \ but 
none more distinguished than Johnson Hagood has spent his 
entire life within its boundaries, except when called away to 
carry its flag upon the battlefield. 

He was educated as a lawyer, as every gentleman was ex- 
pected in those days to have some profession. But he practiced 
no law, and always rated himself ; first as a planter, second as a 
soldier, and third as the Governor of his state. He wrote it 
thus for the epitaph upon his tomb. 

He graduated with top honors in one of the first classes 
at the Citadel — 1847 — and was, in his later life, associated 
with that institution as Chairman of its Board of Visitors for 
thirty-two years. At the outbreak of The War of Secession, as 
he always called it, he was a brigadier general of the state 
militia; but was elected to be Colonel of the famous First 
South Carolina Volunteers, which under his command partici- 
pated in the bombardment of Fort Sumter in 1861 ; and, under 
the command of his younger brother, Jim Hagood, surren- 
dered with Lee at Appomattox. 


46 Meet Your Grandfather 

During the lull that followed the fall of Sumter, Colonel 
Hagood secured a three months' furlough from his regiment, 
and went to Virginia, where he enrolled as a private soldier in 
the Palmetto Guard of Kershaw's Brigade, and where, to quote 
his Memoirs, he "had the honor to carry a rifle" in the Battles 
of Bull Run, and Manassas Plains. In the latter engagement 
he also served as cannoneer, turning a captured Federal gun 
of Rickett's Battery against the retreating foe.* 

Back in South Carolina, he played a conspicuous role in the 
defense of Charleston, particularly at Secessionville where he 
won his stars as a brigadier general, and at Battery Wagner 
where he was engaged in combatting the landing forces of 
Gillmore's Army under the protection of the Federal fleet. 

In the final throes of the war, Beauregard selected Hagood 
and his brigade, to go with him to reinforce Lee in front of 
Richmond, where the operations of Hagood's Brigade, and of 
Johnson Hagood himself, are mentioned many times with 
high praise by Douglas Freeman in his masterful work Lee's 

Grant, in May of 1864, had recently been made a lieutenant 
general, and Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the 
United States. He was resting behind the Rapidan River, sixty 
miles north of Richmond, with an army of 150,000 men, pre- 
paratory to an overland march upon the Southern Capital. Ben 
Butler, with a force of 40,000 men supported by gunboats, 
was moving up the James River to cut off the Confederate re- 
inforcements and supplies. Lee's entire force in this theatre 
was less than 53,000 men, and at the vital rail center of Peters- 
burg, there were very few troops, if any, other than local 
militia of a very inferior quality. 

• Memoirs of the War of Secession — Johnson Hagood. 

General Johnson Hagood, C. S. A. 47 

Hagood's Brigade was being concentrated at Wilmington, 
North Carolina, and when Grant crossed the Rapidan on May 
4th, it was ordered to proceed at once to Petersburg. The ad- 
vance elements arrived on the night of May 5th, and Hagood 
himself with two additional small regiments arrived the next 

They were immediately put into action at Walthall Junc- 
tion, where Butler's men had been sent to cut the railroad con- 
necting Petersburg with Richmond. The enemy was already in 
full sight as Hagood's men were getting off the trains. But 
in the fighting that ensued, his depleted brigade of 1,500 in- 
fantrymen, defeated and drove off five brigades of Federal 
infantry, supported by a regiment of Cavalry, and the usual 
contingent of light artillery (Official Federal report). 
Hagood's losses were 22 killed, 132 wounded, and 13 missing. 
Those of the enemy more than a thousand. 

Hagood had temporarily saved Petersburg, and by the time 
the enemy was again ready to advance, reinforcements arrived 
in sufficient numbers to hold it. The ladies of Petersburg voted 
the Brigade a flag, the merchants of the city refused to accept 
any pay from the soldiers, and a prayer of thanks was offered 
from one of the pulpits "for the timely arrival of 1,500 brave 
South Carolinians." 

Three months later, Hagood's Brigade won undying fame 
for its behavior at the Battle of Wei don Road. According to 
Freeman, Hagood was, upon this occasion, led into a trap due 
to bad reconnaissance, a confusion of orders, and mistakes on 
the part of General A. P. Hill and Major General Mahone, 
both of whom generously admitted this to General Lee one 
week later in Hagood's presence. 

Grant by this time had been closing in around Petersburg 
with the intention of taking it by siege. Hagood's Brigade had 

48 Meet Your Grandfather 

been in the trenches for sixty-seven days without relief, when 
on August 20th it was ordered out, not to take a rest, but to 
take the field. Two-thirds of its number had been sapped by 
death or disease. And those that remained were so sickly and 
enfeebled by being cramped in their noisome surroundings 
that they tired badly after a short evening march. But the 
change to open bivouac, the prospect of immediate action in- 
stead of long-sustained endurance, soon aroused their spirits, 
and in spite of the rain that poured all night, the light laughter 
and ready jokes of the men were heard once more around the 
crackling campfires, as they prepared their suppers, or smoked 
their pipes. 

At two A. M. the Brigade was waked up, and at half past 
three moved out to battle. They were led out to their position 
by a courier, and Hagood reported to Major General Mahone 
who said: "You are now on the flank and rear of the enemy. 
I have five brigades fighting him in front, and they are driv- 
ing him back. I want you to go in and press him all you can. 
He is not entrenched." 

But Mahone was confused as to direction, and his scouts 
had mistaken a few scattered skirmishers with rifle pits for the 
enemies' main line of resistance further back. Hagood ad- 
vanced as directed through a light swamp, and finding the 
skirmishers and rifle pits on the crest beyond, he dismounted 
and placing himself in front of his men, ordered the charge. 
But he had no sooner reached his objective, than he found him- 
self alone making a frontal attack on two Federal Divisions 
a few yards beyond, strongly entrenched behind heavy field 
works, supported by artillery, and extending in both directions 
as far as the eye could reach. 

His entire force consisted of 59 officers and 681 men. He 
was soon surrounded on all sides, and lost all but 274. Every 

General Johnson Hagood, C. S. A. 49 

member of his staff was either killed or wounded. In the close- 
up fighting a Federal officer rode out from the works and 
seized a regimental flag. The Brigade began to falter but Gen- 
eral Hagood shot the officer through the body, sprang into 
the empty Yankee saddle, and turning the flag over to an 
orderly, succeeded in rallying his men. But the horse was 
almost immediately killed, and he led them on foot in a charge 
to the rear. 

Both Lee and Beauregard were on the field, and the latter 
sent word to Hagood through the Corps Commander General 
Hoke, that if it had been in his power he would have promoted 
him that day for what he had done. But instead of that, Lee 
and Beauregard joined in making the recommendation to Pres- 
ident Davis, who ordered that it be made as soon as a vacancy 
should occur. From that time on, however, the Confederate 
Army dwindled away so rapidly that no vacancy ever came. 

The Union officer, Captain D. B. Dailey, of Council Bluffs, 
Iowa, was not killed although it was so reported. Fifteen years 
later General Hagood was instrumental in getting him a pen- 
sion. His son, George Dailey was a cadet under me at West 
Point, and afterwards, as a colonel, served on my staff, with 
an office in Council Bluffs. 

Visitors to the battlefields of Virginia are shown a hand- 
some monument of South Carolina granite erected to Johnson 
Hagood and his Brigade on the spot, near Petersburg, where 
they made their gallant but futile fight. 

Hagood's Brigade entered the war 4,500 strong. Less than 
five hundred survived. They returned to find their homes in 
ruins, their families destitute, and their beloved State in the 
hands of carpetbaggers. 

50 Meet Your Grandfather 

These disreputable politicians from the north, together with 
a few white local scalawags, combined with an organized mob 
of recently freed illiterate slaves to rob the public treasury in 
the most open and brazen fashion ever known in any country. 
They not only issued fraudulent bonds, and paid out the 
people's money on false vouchers, but gave away without com- 
pensation, two railroads upon which the State held liens, or a 
majority of the stock. The Governor of the State, other offi- 
cials, and the members of the Legislature openly charged their 
private purchases to the public account 5 and the list of these 
purchases reads like an inventory of stock for a large modern 
department store. 

It includes such items as: one thousand cords of wood, al- 
though there were no open fireplaces, or wood-burning stoves 
in the State House ; a gallon of hard liquor per day for each 
member, together with vast quantities of beer and champagne j 
and then diamond rings, chewing tobacco, ornamental cuspi- 
dors, bologna sausages, mushrooms, lobsters, buffalo tongues, 
umbrella stands, ladies garters, imported perfumes, feather 
beds, pocket pistols, coffins, eggs, washtubs, corkscrews, horses, 
mules, toothbrushes and assorted nuts. 

One bill for forty thousand dollars was boosted to ninety. 
Of this difference, Mr. Ben Byas, Chairman of the Claims 
Committee, got twelve thousand ; Speaker Moses, Clerk Jones, 
State Treasurer Parker, and two others divided another twelve 
thousand between them ; fifty selected members got from fifty 
dollars to three thousand each; and others complained that 
they had been double crossed either by being left out or in- 
adequately paid. 

Johnson Hagood had no small part in bringing these mat- 
ters to light. They are now of record, and are backed up by the 
testimony of witnesses under oath. 

General Johnson Hagood, C. S. A. 51 

The rule of the Carpetbaggers and Scallawags was over- 
thrown in 1876. In the elections of that year the negroes 
greatly outnumbered the whites. But largely through the 
efforts of Johnson Hagood, those that were loyal to their old 
masters were organized to assist in the substitution of honest 
men. Wade Hampton, former lieutenant general in the Con- 
federate Army was legally elected on the Democratic ticket: 
but the Radicals refused to give up, until the Republican Pres- 
ident, Rutherford B. Hayes decided against them. In the 
meantime, under the guidance of Hagood, a large number of 
the colored people in Barnwell County had joined with the 
whites in contributing, in advance, ten percent of their next 
year's taxes to support the Hampton administration, pending 
its recognition by the authorities in Washington. 

Hagood went in with Hampton as Comptroller General and 
thus had an opportunity to continue his monetary reform. Four 
years later he succeeded to the office of Governor. 

In his inaugural address he said: 

"The political equality of all men in South Carolina is now 
as fixed a feature of her policy as is the Blue Ridge Mountains 
in her geography. * * * It is my duty as Governor to take 
care that the laws are faithfully executed in mercy. I repeat 
the pledge made before my election — that in the discharge of 
this high trust I shall know neither white man nor colored 
man, but only citizens of South Carolina alike amenable to her 
laws and entitled to her protection." 

No man can cite an instance in which Johnson Hagood failed 
to keep that pledge. 

He refused to run for a second term, or to be considered 
for any further political honors. And he received the universal 
praise of the press when he retired from office. 



famIW ftwwmr H* r f<#i OF UTTSSc-OAT. wj«» 

35 NOR! 

i nz-fcr. 

52 Meet Your Grandfather 

Uncle Johnson was the only member of the family who 
was able to save anything out of the wreakage of the war, and 
to afterwards keep up any semblance to the ante-bellum stand- 
ards. He married, in 1854, Miss Eloise Brevard Butler, 
daughter of Judge Andrew Pickens Butler, then a United 
States Senator in Washington, and a son of Mrs. Behethland 
Foote Butler, girl hero of the American Revolution. Aunt 
Eloise's mother was Harriet Hayne, granddaughter of 
Colonel Isaac Hayne, the Revolutionary Martyr. 

They lived, during my boyhood, in an imposing old planta- 
tion house called The Cedars, just on the outskirts of Barn- 
well, that had belonged to his mother's family — the Aliens — 
(See sketch, page 72). But later due to reverses he had to sell 
The Cedars and moved out to Sherwood, another of the Allen 
plantations, a few miles out of the Village. There he had what 
remained of the old Johnson Hagood library, some rare edi- 
tions bound in leather with edges of gilt; old Johnson 
Hagood's transit and philosophical apparatus; and the old gen- 
tleman's collection of bronze and marble busts. 

Governor Hagood was very fond of blooded horses, and 
he had at Sherwood, Minnie Perry, the famous blooded mare, 
that he used to ride back and forth from the Governor's Man- 
sion to the State House when he was in Columbia. She was 
almost as well known througout the State as he, and when 
she died, he had her hoof mounted in silver and placed on his 
desk as an inkstand. 

He was very proud of the fact that I, his namesake, should 
have chosen the military profession. When I graduated from 
West Point he gave me one of Minnie Perry's colts. He died 
when I was still a second lieutenant, at Fort Moultrie, just 
before the Spanish-American War (January 4th, 1898) and 
was buried in the Episcopal Churchyard in Barnwell. 


Uncle Johnson's river plantation, which he got from his 
wife, Aunt Eloise Butler, was at Saluda Old Town in Edge- 
field County. One of the fields was called the Old Town field 
because it had at one time been the site of an Indian town or 
village. The famous Conference of 1755 with the Cherokee 
Indians took place at Saluda Old Town; and Governor Glenn 
came up in person from Charleston at a time when the roads 
were hardly more than trails or foot paths through the wilder- 
ness, and the country almost entirely occupied by hostile 
Indians, with occasional traders, passing through in search of 
skins from buffaloes, bears, beavers, and other fur-bearing 

The Saluda River for a number of miles in each direction 
was a thick muddy stream coming down out of red sand-clay 
hills and running through swamps, but on the west side of the 
old town was a copious spring of famous sweet water that 
played a big part in Indian warfare, and in the subsequent 
Revolutionary struggles in that vicinity. 

In the year 1781, British forces under Lord Rawdon were 
operating in those parts against the American General Na- 
thanael Greene. Lord Rawdon's troops had constructed a 
stockade, or temporary fort, the garrison of which was de- 
pendent upon the spring for water ; and Kosciusko, the great 
Polish patriot who had given his services to the American cause, 
was assigned the job of capturing it. In the fighting that en- 
sued a young Virginia officer, Lieutenant Wade, was shot from 
his saddle, and while lying on the ground badly wounded, 
cried out in the true spirit of a cavalier of those days: "Don't 


54 Meet Your Grandfather 

let my horse fall into the hands of the enemy! !" He was car- 
ried into the house of Mr. Samuel Savage, upon whose plan- 
tation the fighting had taken place, and finally recovered. 

A short time after this, or perhaps while the wounded lieu- 
tenant was still in hiding, the plantation was overrun by the 
British, and several of their officers quartered themselves upon 
Mr. Savage. The Americans under the command of General 
Henry Lee were in full retreat and had crossed the river. One 
night Miss Behethland Foote Moore, fifteen year old daughter 
of Mrs. Savage by a former husband, overheard the Britishers 
discussing a plan to attack. Without hesitation she got hold of 
a canoe or river bateau, constructed of a few boards roughly 
nailed together and held water tight by being submerged from 
time to time along the bank of the stream, and with the as- 
sistance of her brother, nine years old, and a Miss Polly Wiles 
of about her own age, she made her way six miles up and across 
the Saluda River, where some time between midnight and 
dawn, she found the rear guard of the American forces peace- 
fully sleeping upon their blankets in the woods. She aroused 
a Major Wallace who took the message to General Lee, and 
he realizing the imminent danger, called to an officer named 
Armstrong saying: "Form your troops in the rear, and fight 
while we run! !" 

Thus they made their escape just as the British were com- 
ing into view. 

The next day another young American officer, Captain 
William Butler, appeared on the Savage place accompanied 
by an orderly. He was on reconnaissance duty and upon being 
informed by Miss Behethland that there were two of Raw- 
don^ men down in the river bottoms rounding up the planta- 
tion horses, he succeeded in rounding up the Britishers, and 
forcing one of them to get up behind him on the back of his 

Saluda Old Town 55 

saddle, with a like disposition of the other on the saddle of his 
orderly, he swam across the Saluda River. 

These exciting incidents led to a courtship between the hand- 
some young captain and the attractive Miss Behethland, which 
was violently opposed by the savage Mr. Savage. But true 
to the lines of romance, they managed to meet three years later 
at the spring, for the possession of which Kosciusko had crossed 
swords with Rawdon's men. And taking the dauntless Beheth- 
land on the back of his saddle, as he had formerly taken the 
British marauders, Captain Butler once more swam the Saluda. 
They were married in Ninety Six Village, June 3rd, 1784. 

Because of these and other exploits, Behethland Foote Butler 
is rated as one of our national heroes. Accounts of her will be 
found in "Women of the American Revolution", and other 
biographical works. She was the progenitor of many noted men 
and women, whose names will be found among the Governors 
of South Carolina, members of the United States Senate, mem- 
bers of the American Diplomatic Corps, distinguished judges 
upon the bench, and distinguished soldiers upon the battlefields 
of American history. Judge John Belton O'Neall, one of South 
Carolina's great Jurists, writing in 1859 says: 

Never have I seen a mother more worthy of her illustrious 
children than she was. How much they owed to her cannnot 
now be known. * * * Of her I would say in the inspired 
language of Solomon "Many daughters have done virtuously, 
but thou excellest them all." 

Her husband, Captain William Butler also reached distinc- 
tion. He became a major general during the War of 1812, 
and prior to that had been elected to Congress, defeating the 
incumbent Robert Goodloe Harper, whom we have met else- 
where as the friend and law partner of my great grandfather, 
Johnson Hagood, in Charleston. General Butler later, in 1813, 

56 Meet Your Grandfather 

resigned his seat in Congress in deference to Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn, saying "He is better able to meet Mr. Randolph in de- 

Mrs. Butler lived to be eighty-six years old, retaining all of 
her spirit and her faculties until the last. During the frequent 
absences of her husband in the wars and in Washington, she 
was both mistress of the plantation and master. Among her sons 
was Judge (also U. S. Senator) Andrew Pickens Butler, who 
married Miss Harriet Hayne, also of distinguished ancestry, 
only to lose her by death almost immediately after the birth of 
his only child, my Aunt Eloise. Mrs. Butler the grandmother, 
now a widow and well nigh unto her allotted threescore and 
ten years, took charge. She raised the baby Eloise as her own, 
and looked out for her up to a short time before her marriage 
to Uncle Johnson. It was from Aunt Eloise that I first heard 
the legends of Saluda Old Town, and it was at the knee of old 
lady Behethland herself that Aunt Eloise had learned them 

Judge Butler, after the death of his father, bought up the 
old Savage place, and consolidating it with other adjacent 
lands, formed the Saluda Old Town plantation as it was known 
in later years. In 1857, when the Judge died, he left the whole 
thing to his daughter Eloise, then the wife of young Johnson 
Hagood of Barnwell, destined to become a brigadier general 
in the Confederate Army, and afterwards Governor of the 

But he and Aunt Eloise continued to live in Barnwell, and 
the Saluda Old Town plantation, visited only upon occasion, 
was operated from a distance under the management of some 
younger member of the family, at one time by Uncle Jimmie. 
It was devoted to the cultivation of hay, and the raising of 
blooded stock. There was a private race track on Uncle John- 

Saluda Old Town 57 

son's place near Barnwell, where my father and the negro boys 
of the plantation had ridden as jockies in times long past. It 
was there that the colts from Saluda Old Town were trained. 

Aunt Eloise's mother, Harriet Hayne, was the grand- 
daughter of Colonel Isaac Hayne. And while her Butler an- 
cestors were running circles around Rawdon's men on the 
Saluda River, Lord Rawdon himself was making history with 
her Hayne ancestors further south on the Ashley. 

Colonel Hayne was captured by the British during the Siege 
of Charleston. He was given a parole, and later took the oath 
of allegiance to the king, under the assurance of the British 
commander at Charleston that he would not be required to 
fight against his own people. Lord Rawdon, however, did not 
stand by this promise, and had him drafted to fight under the 
British flag, which he very properly refused to do. Moreover, 
believing that this action on their part relieved him of any fur- 
ther obligation in the matter of his parole, he resumed his 
status as a Continental officer and was given the command of 
an American regiment. 

He was captured once more, and this time summarily ex- 
ecuted without trial. He was hanged! August 4th 1781. 

His execution raised a great storm of protest, not only in 
this country, but on the floor of the British Parliament, where 
Lord Rawdon, the perpetrator of this crime against the laws of 
war, was denounced in the strongest terms. Colonel Hayne be- 
haved with great fortitude and dignity. He made an appeal 
to higher British authority, which was not heeded. He took his 
death calmly, and became one of the martyrs of the American 

58 Meet Your Grandfather 

Indian Kin 

The Cherokee Indians in and about Saluda Old Town were 
eventually evacuated, as the saying goes, to the Indian Terri- 
tory, now the state of Oklahoma. One of Behethland Foote 
Butler's grandsons, James L. Butler, a first cousin of Aunt 
Eloise, went out there to grow up with the country. When the 
war came he raised a company of Cherokee Indians and served 
as their captain in the Confederate Army. 

In the mean time he married an Indian girl, and by her had 
a daughter, Eloise, who grew up to be very attractive. Captain 
Butler found a great many old army friends at the nearby post 
of Fort Gibson, and his daughter became a frequent visitor, 
as a guest in the officer's homes, and at the hops. Among her 
friends was Assistant Surgeon Henry Birmingham, a lieutenant 
of the Medical Corps (now dead), with whom I afterwards 
served at Fort Trumball, Connecticut, where he was the major 
doctor, and I was a young shavetail just out of the Point. 

Eloise, the young Indian (or half Indian) girl, had an affair 
with the doctor which she described as "intense", remarking 
fifty years later that "they had listened to the mocking birds" 
and she would dread to think what our modernists would call 
it. But within the year she married an Indian — one of the 
young braves called Bushyhead, who became in time the Chief 
of the Cherokee Nation. 

The Bushyheads visited Aunt Eloise and Uncle Johnson in 
Barnwell, and as a child I greatly envied my cousin Butler 
Hagood (somewhat older) because of a photograph showing 
him seated on the lap of a real Indian, in the full-feathered 
regalia of a chief. 

After I became a major general in the army, I had occa- 
sion to make several visits to Oklahoma, but never had an op- 

Indian Kin 59 

portunity to meet Mrs. Bushyhead — always missed her — but 
we engaged in quite a lively correspondence. She wrote the 
most charming and cultivated letters. In fact she reminded 
me very much of Aunt Eloise, both in her looks (from a photo- 
graph) and in her manner of expression. She must have had 
a spark of old Behethland Butler's spirit in her breast. She was 
very scornful, and perhaps a little envious, of the common 
cattle which she said had stampeded into her country, taking 
away the Indian lands, and making their millions of dollars 
by converting the beautiful hills and valleys into hideous 
forests of derricks for their oil. 


(My Fathers Brother) 

The hero of our family is Jim Hagood, the nineteen-year- 
old boy colonel of Lee's army. Like many of the world's other 
great heroes, he died while yet young and we are spared the 
anti-climax of a banal existence during the peace that followed 
his glorious service in the War for Southern Independence. 

General Robert E. Lee, one of the greatest military com- 
manders of all time, and the most beloved captain that ever 
led a man to battle, writing from Lexington, Virginia, after 
it was all over (March 25th 1868) said: 

"Colonel James R. Hagood, during the whole of his con- 
nection with the Army of Northern Virginia, was conspicuous 
for his gallantry, efficiency and good conduct. 

"By his merit constantly exhibited, he rose from a private 
in his regiment to its command, and showed by his actions that 
he was worthy of the position." 

Jim Hagood, as he was commonly called even by the men 
of his regiment, was born in Barnwell, S. C, 26 November, 
1844, the son of Dr. James O'Hear Hagood and Indiana 
M. Allen, his wife. He died as a result of a railroad accident 
15 November 1870. As a youngster, he was strong, erect, strik- 
ingly handsome, and noted among the other boys of the village 
for his leadership and courage. 

He attended the village schools and at sixteen entered the 
Arsenal at Columbia. The next year he was promoted to the 
Citadel in Charleston, where he remained until the summer 


Colonel James R. Hagood 61 

of 1862, when he, along with a number of other cadets left en 
masse to joint the Confederate Army. They formed them- 
selves into a company of cavalry, known as the Cadet Rangers, 
and afterwards became Troop F, 6th South Carolina Cavalry, 
distinguishing themselves upon many a hard fought field of 

Finding that this regiment was to serve on the coast of South 
Carolina, Jim succeeded in getting a transfer to the First South 
Carolina Volunteers and went with it to Virginia. This is the 
regiment that had been raised in Barnwell by Jim's older 
brother, Colonel Johnson Hagood, who commanded it until 
promoted to be a brigadier. 

Upon its arrival in Virginia, the regiment was assigned to 
Micah Jenkin's (afterwards Bratton's) Brigade and partici- 
pated in every important engagement of Lee's Army. Jim, who 
arrived in Virginia as a private, was promoted to be Sergeant 
Major, Adjutant, Captain and Colonel, each time for conspic- 
uous gallantry or exceptional skill, or both, on the field of 
battle. This last promotion was made ten days before his nine- 
teenth birthday, and he continued in command of his regiment 
until the day of final surrender, although to quote his own 
words, he was several times "annoyed by having the general 
go away and leave him to command the brigade". 

Jim and his regiment are several times mentioned in the 
published Records of the Rebellion, and other historical works. 
He is credited with having devised, and put into use, a number 
of tactical principles far in advance of his time. 

During the Civil War they did not have what we now call 
"open order". They had a line of "skirmishers" that deployed 
out in front of the main body, but it was called in as soon as 
they made contact with the enemy, and after that the fighting 
was done by masses of men in close order formation. Even up 

62 Meet Your Grandfather 

to the time when I was a West Point Cadet we had the com- 
mand AS SKIRMISHERS!!, at which, designated troops 
would fan out with an interval of about six feet between the 
men; but they advanced in line as on dress parade, and their 
intervals had to be carefully preserved even after they got 
the next command which was HALT! LIE DOWN! 

During the Battle of the Wilderness, Jim Hagood's reg- 
iment had been sent in to relieve another which had been badly 
shot up, and took over a position behind an improvised breast- 
work made of cut down trees in the forest. The men were 
fighting in the usual fashion, shoulder to shoulder, and every 
time one of them showed his head above the breastwork, the 
Yankees, not a hundred yards away, would take a crack at him, 
from an equally protected position in their front. 

Seeing that nothing could come of this but a useless loss of 
life on both sides, Jim called to one of his captains, and di- 
rected him to take his men out in front of the breastworks, a 
few at a time, hiding behind trees, and darting from tree to 
tree, until they got into a position from which they could pick 
off the enemy from behind his own works. Two other com- 
panies were then sent forward in the same way, until finally 
the whole front of the regiment was cleared and the enemy had 
to fall back. 

This is now known as the method of "infiltration", but it 
was not put into general use by the American Army until we 
had learned it from the French and the Germans during the 
First World War. 

Similarly, just before the Second World War, an American 
General Staff officer wrote from the Army War College: 

"I think Jim Hagood's tactical skill based upon common 
sense and experience was fine. For instance j in making an as- 

Colonel James R. Hagood 63 

sault, he flattened himself and his men on the ground each 
time the enemy fired cannister. We sacrificed potential leaders 
and needless lives in the (first) World War by a 'Come on 
boys! Let's go!' spirit in trying to break through interlocking 
bands of machine gun fire, when a 'crawl under' method should 
have been used." 

Individual acts of heroism were so common among the Con- 
federate soldiers that the incidents hardly received any men- 
tion other than to say that the man was a gallant soldier. 
Among the many exploits of Jim Hagood that in these days 
would have won for him the Congressional Medal of Honor 
and other lesser decorations, was one that in a way resembled 
that of the immortal Sergeant Jasper who restored the flag 
shot down by the British at Moultrie. 

In the assault on Fort Harrison, September 29th, 1864, 
Hagood's regiment along with others had been repulsed, and 
the following is a description given by an eye witness: 

"It was a poor sight indeed — only ninety-three men were 
left in the entire regiment. Eddie Bellinger (the color bearer) 
had fallen leading the regiment within about thirty yards of 
the fort. When Colonel Hagood ordered the regiment to fall 
back he discovered that his colors were missing and saw them 
on the ground nearer to the fort than he was. He ran up there 
and found Eddie dead with the colors gripped so hard that he 
had to pry his fingers open with his sword to get them away. 
This all happened within thirty yards of the fort in an open 
field. The Yankees were so amazed at Colonel Hagood's ac- 
tion that they did not shoot on him while he was doing this 
gallant deed. Colonel Hagood then called Jim Diamond, who 
was not wounded, and turned the colors over to him. He 
brought them out. 

64 Meet Your Grandfather 

"Next day the Yankees sent over a flag of truce, asking the 
name of the gallant officer who had rescued the colors — and 
they buried Eddie with military honors." 

Colonel Hagood, in his unpublished Memoirs, makes no 
mention of this incident other than to say that the enemy's fire 
was so intense that "it seemed impossible for a flea to crawl 
unhurt across the deadly space we had traversed" ; that of the 
eight members of his color guard, seven had either been killed 
or disabled for life; that Ensign Edmund Bellinger had be- 
haved with extraordinary gallantry and been shot seven times 
within forty yards of the enemy's works ; and that the next 
day, under a flag of truce, he had been invited to cross over 
behind the Federal lines and there was shown the grave of his 
color bearer, buried where he fell "within a few steps of the 
goal that he striven so nobly to reach." 

One of the things that has astonished modern military men 
is the invincible discipline, the indomitable courage, and the 
unquestionable loyalty, that existed among all ranks in South- 
ern organizations, where men and boys of all ages had been 
recruited in the same vicinity; were intimate friends and de- 
voted to each other before, during and after the war; slept, 
messed and drank together in the field (when they could get 
any liquor) ; and bore uncomplainingly the greatest hardships, 
perhaps, of any army in history. These qualities had not been 
developed by any artificial exercises on the parade ground. 
They came naturally from an innate sense of Truth, Right- 
eousness and Honor, that every man carried in his heart. The 
average American boy possesses these qualities now, but they 
are stifled in the army by our mimicry of Prussianism. 

Jim Hagood knew every man in his regiment and continued 
to call most of them by their first names, as did other colonels 
and generals all the way along the line. Eddie Bellinger, the 

Colonel James R. Hagood 65 

color bearer at Fort Harrison, was Jim's cousin, his schoolmate, 
and his devoted friend. General Lee commonly addressed 
young soldiers that he did not know as "My boy" or as "Little 
man" and always gave his instructions in a kindly manner. 

Frank Mixon, one of Jim Hagood's men, thus describes the 
final surrender of the regiment at Appomattox, in his Remin- 
iscences of a Private: 

"For six days and nights we did not stop for sleep or rest 
longer than ten minutes. It was a fight and run the whole time. 
I saw men — and I did the same thing myself — go to sleep 
walking along. On the morning of April 9th, we halted in a 
field, and the firing on the front ceased. We were lying down 
on each side of the road, when the report got started that Lee 
had surrendered! ! Very shortly after this, we saw a crowd of 
horsemen coming along the road, and we recognized General 
Lee among them. Every man got to his feet, and we com- 
menced cheering for Lee. The old man pulled off his hat, and 
with tears streaming down his cheeks, he rode through us with- 
out a word. But Lee was not the only man who was shedding 
tears — old men who had wives, sons, daughters and even 
grandchildren at home; middle aged men who had families j 
younger men who had left young wives; and young fellows 
like me. 

"That afternoon we were taken into the oak grove and put 
into the Bull Pen, as we called it. We had a guard around us, 
but not a Yankee guard! We could not have submitted to that, 
and had it been attempted, the last one of them would have 
been knocked out that night. We had our own men for guards. 
Some of the Yankees hung around on the outside and seemed 
surprised that they had had such a hard time in overwhelming 
such a crowd of rag-a-muffins, and so few of them.* 

•Lee's Army had been reduced to only 8,000 men, of which 245 were in Hagood'i 
Regiment — J. H. 

66 Meet Your Grandfather 

"At noon (three days later) our drums beat for us to fall in, 
and we were soon in ranks again. Had General Lee then and 
there ridden out and said: 'There is the enemy! Boys! Go 
for them!' we would have broken through, no matter what 
the odds. But we were marched up in front of them, where we 
formed in line of battle (close order), with our heads up, 
showing that a soldier knows how to die. We were stopped and 
made to face them, and then for the last time, we heard our 
boy colonel, Jim Hagood, give the command 'First South 
Carolina!! STACK ARMS! !\ 

"The deed was done!" 

Colonel Hagood gives a somewhat similar account, except 
to say that his men were lying along the road "panting and 
palid", after having made one brief effort to clear a passage 
"like the unconscious jerking of a dying animal and then sub- 
sided to rest". He says that he joined with the men in cheering 
for General Lee, and he adds: 

"Then while the Federal bands of music softly played 
'Home Sweet Home', we turned our faces Southward, and, 
desolate in spirit, commenced our journey home?'* 

He kept his regiment together until he had them well out 
of sight of the Yankees, and then having no food, no funds, 
and no means of transportation, he gave each man a parole 
and bade him make his way back to Barnwell (six hundred 
miles) as best he could. 

Jim Hagood upon arrival in Barnwell, gathered up some 
of the stock that had been driven away from the plantation 
to escape Sherman, and eked out a small living for himself 
and the members of his father's family by hauling refugees 
in a wagon back to Charleston. After that he ran Sherwood, 

Colonel James R. Hagood 67 

his brother's plantation, for a couple of years, but wearying of 
that decided to try his fortunes abroad. He enlisted as a sailor 
before the mast, studied navigation, and in a competitive ex- 
amination at Liverpool won an appointment in the British 
Merchant Marine. After that, hearing that the Khedive of 
Egypt was recruiting some ex-Confederate officers to train his 
army Jim hurried back to the United States, secured a number 
of credentials from General Lee, General Beauregard, Gen- 
eral Longstreet, and others under whom he had served, and 
made his arrangements to join the Egyptians. 

But the book of fate had written otherwise. He was mor- 
tally wounded in a railroad accident while enroute to partici- 
pate with his old regiment in a reunion of the Confederate 
Survivors Association. One of his biographers has written: 

"Upon no field, in no assault, shock of battle, or forlorn 
hope, did the real grandeur of the man shine forth with more 
splendor than when he received his death blow. After being 
extricated from the wreck, he went about helping the injured, 
wholly unmindful of his own condition, until he fainted from 
loss of blood. One of the other passengers who had escaped 
unhurt was administering a stimulant from a pocket flask, 
when Colonel Hagood, returning to consciousness, heard a 
negro nearby complaining of his injuries and said: 'Give it to 
him! He needs it more than I do.' Those were almost his 
last words, because a short time after that he lost the power 
of speech." 

He died a few days later and was buried in the family grave- 
yard near Hagood's Mill Pond. General Lee's commendation, 
as recorded at the beginning of this article, is inscribed upon his 
monument. And his brother Johnson, the brigadier general, 
and afterwards the Governor of South Carolina, paid him this 
tribute in his book on the War of Secession: 

68 Meet Your Grandfather 

"My brother! These immortelles are laid upon thy grave, 
upon which the grass is not yet green. No better soldier wore 
the grey. No knightlier spirit breasted the storm in twenty 
battles beneath the Red Cross Flag, nor struggled more 
bravely amid the difficulties that befell the followers of a Lost 



(An Uncle) 

William Small, the subject of this sketch, was a brother 
of Dr. Robert Small, from whom my children are descended 
through their mother *. He was a native of Scotland, born at 
Carmylie, County of Angus, of which parish his father was 
minister. One of his ancestors was Thomas Small, whose ar- 
morial bearings were registered in the Lyon Office about 1680. 
Dr. Small was an inventor, a physician, a chemist, a mathema- 
tician, and a philosopher. 

At the age of twenty-five, he went to Williamsburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he was appointed Professor at William and Mary 
College. Among the students (1760-62) was Thomas Jeffer- 
son, afterwards author of the Declaration of Independence, 
and President of the United States, who in his published au- 
tobiography says: 

"It was my great good fortune, and what probably first fixed 
the destiny of my life, that Dr. William Small of Scotland 
was then Professor of Mathematics, a man profound in most 
of the branches of science with a happy talent of communica- 
tion j correct and gentlemanly manners; and an enlarged and 
liberal mind. He most happily for me, became soon attached 
to me and made me his daily companion when not engaged in 
the school. And from his conversation I got my first views 
of the expansion of science, and of the system of things in 
which we are placed. Fortunately the Philosophical chair be- 
came vacant soon after my arrival at college, and he was ap- 

For an account of the Small family, see page 130. 


70 Meet Your Grandfather 

pointed to fill it fer interim and he was the first who ever 
gave that college regular lectures on ethics, rhetoric and belles 

"He returned to Europe in 1762, having previously filled up 
the measure of his goodness to me by procuring for me from 
his most intimate friend, George Wythe, a reception as a stu- 
dent of law under his direction j and introduced me to the 
acquaintance and familiar table of Governor Fauquier, the 
ablest man who ever held that office. With him, and at his 
table, Dr. Small and Mr. Wythe, his amid omnium honorum, 
and myself formed a fartie quaree, and to the habitual con- 
versations I owed much instruction. 

"At these dinners I have heard more good sense, more ra- 
tional and philosophical conversations, than in all my life be- 
sides." * 

Upon his return to Scotland, he made the acquaintance of 
James Watt and became associated with him in the invention 
and manufacture of the steam engine. He himself secured 
patents upon clocks, watches, barometers, and other such in- 
struments of precision. He suggested to Watt the idea, and 
urged him to undertake the construction of the great Cale- 
donian Canal connecting the North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean 
through a series of lakes in the north of Scotland. Watt acting 
upon his advice secured a contract from the government and 
made a survey in 1 773, but the actual work was not begun until 
thirty years later, and was then carried to completion by others. 

Dr. Small had, in 1765, received from Benjamin Franklin 
a laudatory letter of introduction to Mr. Mathew Boulton, 
the Scotch manufacturer of machinery. Small presented Watt 
to Boulton and the latter showed them through his works. 

•Quoted from Jefferson Himself by Bernard Mayo, 1942. 

Doctor William Small 71 

Based upon this acquaintance, Mr. Boulton undertook the man- 
ufacture of the world's first steam engine under the patent 
of Mr. Watt. Later Boulton and Watt designed and manu- 
factured the engine for Fulton's first steam boat. In the mean- 
time Dr. Small had suggested to Watt the design of a light 
steam engine (not over 300 pounds) to draw carriages. 

Dr. Small died in 1775, and Mr. Stewart, a British author, 
wrote j "He had, I think, the greatest variety, as well as the 
greatest accuracy, of knowledge that I have ever met in any 
man". Among his closest friends at that time, in addition to 
Watt and Boulton, were the professor and poet Erasmus Dar- 
win, grandfather of Charles Darwin, who wrote The Origin 
of Species; Professor James Keir, author of The Dictionary 
of Chemistry and other scientific works j and Thomas Day the 
celebrated British writer and philanthropist, all of whom pub- 
licly bemourned his loss. Mr. Boulton erected in his garden 
a monument to Small. And Darwin composed an epitaph, the 
last stanza of which reads: 

Cold contemplation leans her aching head, 
On human woe her steady eye she turns, 

Waves her meek hand, and sighs for science dead, 
For Science, Virtue, and Small she mourns. 

All of the above except where otherwise indicated, is taken 
from Muirhead's Life of Watt. A steel engraving of Boulton's 
monument to Doctor Small is there shown. — The Author. 



(A Cousin) 

Very little is preserved in the way of direct information 
about my great grandfather John Cargill Allen, other than 
that he was an attorney, a planter, and a man of means, in 
Barnwell County. But we can get a very good picture of the 
Allen family from an account of his nephew, Captain Joseph 
D. Allen, by Mrs. Chlotilde Martin in the Charleston News 
and Courier of May 1 1th 1934, and a more recent account in 
the same paper by Mrs. Florie Hutson Heyward formerly of 
Barnwell, and a cousin. 

Mrs. Martin says: 

"In the heart of the old town of Barnwell, stands a queer 
ancient sundial. It is the footprint of a man dead more than 
half a century — Joseph Duncan Allen, known as Captain Joe 
Allen. The Captain had a hobby for monuments." Here fol- 
lows a description of monuments that he erected in Barnwell. 
They included one to his mother and father, one to his 
colored nurse, one to his dog, and a number of others to mem- 
bers of his family, and to friends. Upon one of these, he had 
a hand carved with a prophetic finger pointing to the words: 
"Alas! ! Who shall erect a monument to me?" 

All of these monuments, recently visited by me, are sub- 
stantially constructed, and still stand sixty-five years after his 
death. But the only thing that stands for him is a simple gov- 
ernment marker showing his service in the Mexican and Indian 
Wars j and an iron cross placed by The Daughters of the Con- 


Joseph Duncan Allen 73 

The monument to his mother is life size, and said to be a 
replica of herself in youth ; but it is certain that no mortal eye 
had ever seen her in the costume as represented. She was 
draped as a Greek goddess, and stands barefooted upon a ped- 
estal, one foot modestly crossed over upon the other and show- 
ing to advantage her beautiful toes which had never been 
hampered by a shoe. Her head is turned aside, and she is coyly 
glancing to the front with a finger at the corner of her shapely 
mouth, as if to hide or accentuate a dimple. 

On another side of this same monument, Captain Allen ex- 
plains his father's business connections, and adds: "in all of 
which he gave satisfaction and enjoyed the confidence of every- 
one with whom he had any acquaintance". 

In the colored cemetery across the way is the monument to 
his negro nurse, who as he explains in her epitaph, was pur- 
chased in Virginia, brought to Barnwell in 1812 (the year that 
he was born), and cared for him as if he were her own child. 
He adds "I loved her tenderly — she was tall and handsomely 
formed — of high and lofty notions of self-respect and honor. 
She possessed a veracity as unquestioned as any being I have 
ever met. — Alas! My Friend! Farewell!" (Signed) J. D. 
Allen, Senator Barnwell District 29 November 1859. 

The monument to his dog is alongside that to his father, 
and will be made the subject of another sketch. 

Going back to the accounts of Mrs. Martin and Mrs. Hey- 
ward, we find that Joe Allen was the wealthiest man in that 
section, perhaps in the entire state of South Carolina. He was 
in fact enormously rich for those times. He had plantations, 
not only in South Carolina, but in Texas and in Louisiana as 
well. From his Red River Plantation alone he had an income 
of sixty thousand dollars a year. He inherited part of his 
wealth from his people, who from earliest times had always 

74 Meet Your Grandfather 

been possessed of landed estates. Part of this fortune he made 
himself j and a part he received from his wife who was an 
heiress in her own name, and reputedly given a hundred thou- 
sand dollars in cash as a wedding present from her father. 

But when someone ventured to ask the Captain about the 
source of this wealth, he replied that he made it by picking up 
fat lightwood knots along the banks of the Savannah River 
(that river running through a swamp and having no banks), 
tying them into little bundles and selling them to the neigh- 

Captain Joe, as a young swain, was very much given to visit- 
ing the fashionable watering places, always taking with him his 
valet. It was at one of these he met the fascinating Miss Lucy 
Myers. She was at the moment enamoured of an insignificant 
little man who met with the Captain's scorn. One evening at 
dinner, when several drinks had been had all round, Captain 
Joe laid hold of his rival and planted him in the center of the 
table. Miss Lucy was not displeased at this exhibition of cave- 
man tactics and gave her hand to Joe the following January — 

Once when the State Legislature was meeting in Columbia, 
the guests of the Grand Central Hotel found their way blocked 
by numerous boxes and packing cases on the sidewalk. The 
manager apologized saying: "That is Senator Joe Allen's 
liquor, brought up from Barnwell. We are trying to make a 
place for it in the cellar." 

The Captain was a conspicuous member of the Church, but 
because of his fiery temper, his excessive profanity, and other 
such manly vices, he was frequently regarded as a backslider. 
To offset this he built an attractive little chapel for one of the 
neighboring villages, and presented a handsome park to Barn- 

Joseph Duncan Allen 75 

He served for some time in the State Senate, and once made 
the race for Governor. 

Captain and Mrs. Allen lived a glamorous and sumptuous 
life. He was kind and affectionate, the soul of hospitality, but 
he was extraordinarily pompous, and loved display in his home 
and person. She was gracious, amiable, full of charities, and 
very much beloved by all. Their magnificent home, called 
The Cedars, fronted upon the village of Barnwell, and backed 
upon one of their smaller plantations. It was built in the 
colonial style, with white Corinthian columns the full two 
stories. There were spacious halls, with beautifully carved 
mouldings, and a wide curving stairway. There was a conserv- 
atory, a handsome library filled with rare books, a living room 
for the family, and the usual domestic arrangements with a 
very large retinue of servants. 

Several years before the War, a northern visitor (Editor of 
The New York Express) was very much impressed with the 
ballroom on the second floor, with its floors always waxed, its 
crystal chandeliers generously refracting their rainbows even 
in the daytime when the sun was shining ; with the spacious 
high-ceilinged bedroom in which he was entertained, the hand- 
somely carved furniture, and the great four-poster with its 
deep soft featherbed, that could be reached only by means of 
a little stepladder provided for the purpose. 

In a lengthy article the Editor described the forty acres of 
gardens, cut at right angles by two great avenues of cedars, 
from which the place got its name. "I look out" he wrote 
"upon white and yellow jasmine, and roses, interspersed with 
pomegranates, peaches, and figs; but the most beautiful of all 
are the long rows of cape jasmine, and the air is burdened 
with the heavy odor of this the most fragrant of all flowers." 

76 Meet Your Grandfather 

In speaking of the culinary department, he said that to his 
taste, nothing better could be found in the Palais Royal or else- 
where in Paris. 

The New York Editor had come south to get a first- 
hand view of a fire-eating states-rights man, a nullifier and 
secessionist, but this is what he wrote: "There is a practical love 
of country at the bottom of all this. Barnwell County would 
tomorrow raise as many volunteers to defend the Union against 
invasion as any other district in the country. It did so in the 
Florida War. It did so in the Mexican War, for which out of 
a hundred brave men who went upon the field of battle, only 
fifteen returned alive." 

Barnwell's record in three subsequent wars has been the 
same; and the Hagood- Allen contingent has done its share. 

One of my uncles, Colonel William Owens, as will be seen 
later, opposed Secession and foretold its ruin. The Aliens were 
swept away when Sherman struck. But The Cedars was saved 
and purchased by Uncle Johnson, and he lived there when I 
was a boy j but that too finally went into the hands of strangers, 
was cut up into city lots, and is now in a sorry plight. 

Joe Allen, although almost fifty years of age, enlisted along 
with my father and others of the family, to serve as a private 
soldier in the Confederate Army. He had already served in 
the Mexican, and Indian Wars. Before going away, he went 
out into a little piece of woods on his place, and there in the 
dead of the night, he buried the family plate — a fortune in 
gold and silver. Upon his return, he found that clearings had 
been made, the landmarks destroyed, and nobody knows from 
that day to this whether the treasure is still there, or was stolen 
by some skulking Yankee, or disloyal slave. 

He died 28 November 1880 — no kith nor kin to mark his 


(And Orsamus D. Allen's Horse) 

No story of the Hagood-Allen connections would be com- 
plete without a horse or a dog. Our horses have usually been 
race horses, or at least saddle horses, as that was the way we 
got around before the days of good roads and automobiles.* 
And our dogs have usually been hunting dogs, kept in the 
yard. But here is the story of a lap dog, which has been handed 
down by word of mouth for nearly a hundred years. 

Captain Joseph Allen, who had his share of the bird dogs 
and hounds, also had a little dog, an indoor dog, named Fid, 
who belonged to the church. Fid was in short a Baptist. He 
always knew when Sunday came, and would hang around in a 
restless sort of way until the bells began to ring and then set 
out for service. It made no difference to him whether other 
members of the family went. He was always there. And rain 
or shine, winter or summer, he could be seen without fail in 
his own little private pew behind the stove. There he would 
give an ear to the hymns and prayers ; and then doze off for 
the sermon. 

He roused himself when the people stood up to sing the 
Doxology, and respectfully waited for the others to file out. 
Then he would trot home for Sunday dinner, to which the 
preacher or some other member of the congregation was sure 
to be invited. 

The date of Fid's death is not recorded, but he departed this 
life years before the War for Southern Independence, and lies 
buried in the Allen section of the Baptist Graveyard in Barn- 

• I did my courting on horseback. J. H. 


78 Meet Your Grandfather 

well where a marble stone, with lamb, erected by our cousin 
the famous Captain Allen, still stands to his memory. 
His epitaph reads: 

How oft upon my lap you've laid! 

With sparkling eyes, you've barked and played. 

Thus passed the Happy Hours. 
But now from sight forever hid, 
No more I'll see my faithful Fid! 

But strew his grave with flowers. 

Here is another story, recently told by Miss Anna Walker, 
a delightful old lady more than ninety-two years of age, and 
a lifelong friend of my aunt Eloise Hagood. It is about Cap- 
tain Joe Allen's father who died long before Miss Anna was 

There was a private race track on the Allen place, and all 
the gentlemen of that day engaged in horseracing, the younger 
sons and the small negro boys of the plantations riding as 
jockeys. Mr. Orsamus D. Allen had a thoroughbred colt of 
which he was very proud, and he proposed to enter him at the 
races in Augusta. But being the Ordinary of the County (Pro- 
bate Judge), he could not get away. So he sent the horse under 
the care of a trusty negro trainer. 

He then knelt down and prayed: 

"Please Lord; take care of my horse! And I know You 
will, because I do not pester You all the time like Barney 
Brown and Hansford Duncan." 

The story was originally told by Colonel Duncan. And the 
ashes of Uncle Barney Brown now rest in the Baptist Grave- 
yard near those of Judge Orsamus Allen and the little dog, 





-1832 (?) 1756-1818 




















The Tobin family is one of great antiquity, but no effort 
has been made to trace our particular branch beyond the fact 
that our first ancestor in America came from Kilkenny County 
in Ireland a short time after the American Revolution and 
settled in Barnwell County, or District as it was then called. 
His son Daniel Tobin, my great grandfather, named his plan- 
tation Kilkenny, after the land of his birth. 

The name was originally French, and is still to be found in 
the vicinity of Nantes. At the time of the Norman invasion, 
certain Tobins went to Ireland and took up lands in Tipperary 
and Kilkenny Counties where they have lived ever since. A 
great deal about the family appears in d'Alton's Irish History, 
O'Hart's Irish Pedigrees, and other similar works. The coat 
of arms of the French branch appears in Armorial Bearings 
by Reitstap, that of the English banch in Burkes Armorials, 
and that of the Kilkenny branch in O'Harts Irish Pedigrees. 

I ran across the name in France when I was over there dur- 
ing the First World War, and the following extract from a 
letter brings the matter up-to-date. It was addressed to Colonel 
William H. Tobin, Quartermaster Corps, U. S. Army, who 
is a Californian and not related to our family in this country. 

Malvern England 

August 22, 1922. 
"Dear Colonel Tobin: 

The Tobin family went to Ireland in the days of Henry II 
of England. They were of the Norman family of St. Aubyn, 
and the name in Ireland gradually worked itself into the pres- 
ent form. Clyne's Annates Horistorical, writing in Latin in the 
14th Century, Latinizes the name to de Sancto Albino: and 


The Tobin Family Abroad 81 

the name at an early date worked into Toubyn (dropping the 
Saint), Tobbin, Tobyn, and finally Tobin. I have it spelt in 
three different ways in a document in my possession. 

The Chief of the family had two locations, Killaghy Castle 
near Featherd in the east of Tipperary, and Bally Tobin 
(Tobin Town) across Kilkenny border. My ancestor James 
Tobin was living at Killaghy at the time of the invasion of 
William of Orange. He served in his cousin's — Lord Gal- 
more's — Regiment of Horse, and fought for King James, sub- 
sequently going to France. 

The Tobin family for many centuries held considerable 
property in the counties of Tipperary and Kilkenny. A James 
Tobin of Killaghy, together with his brother-in-law Sir John 
Everad, unfortunately attended the convention of Catholic 
gentlemen in Tara in 1641. A grandfather General Tobin and 
his brother the Admiral were the first of my family to serve 
the British throne since the days of the Stewart kings. 

Irish families were so dispersed at the Revolution of 1668 
that it is most difficult to trace connections. Church registers 
Etc. were destroyed wholesale. My papers are in storage, and 
I can only speak from memory, but I would like to hear from 
you again and perhaps we could link up. 

Yours very truly, 

(Signed) Fred Tobin. 


(My Great-great Grandfather) 

A short time after the American Revolution, Cornelius 
Tobin left Kilkenny County, the ancient seat of the Tobin 
clan in Ireland, and came to the United States. He settled in 
the northern section of Barnwell District, where he took up 
large tracts of land, purchased negroes, and organized several 
plantations. He came over alone, but after being established, 
he went back to Ireland and brought over his wife Judith, 
and his two sons, John, and Daniel from whom we are de- 
scended. In the meantime he had built a handsome and capa- 
cious plantation home in colonial style, near the present site 
of Blackville. A photograph and description of this house may 
be seen at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York 
City, as part of a collection placed there by the Manhattan 
Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. 

One of my cousins, a great granddaughter of the original 
owner, writing a hundred and twenty-five years later says: 

"At last I have been to Blackville! I have seen the home 
of Cornelius Tobin, or what is left of it. It was a beautiful 
place — wide piazza with four columns; most beautifully pro- 
portioned rooms and halls ; paneled wainscoating with beautiful 
trim in every room. The ceilings are bordered with the same 
carved trim; beautiful wood mantels like those in the old 
colonial houses in Charleston. There are the remains of an ex- 
tensive garden, with a circle of mock-orange trees surrounded 
by cedars." 

The Tobin plantations lay along the old Charleston and 
Augusta Road, near the line of the Southern Railway, and ex- 


Cornelius Tobin 83 

tended from what are now the towns of Denmark, through 
Blackville, to Williston. He and a neighbor, the Reverend 
Darling Peeples, owned practically all of that part of what is 
now Barnwell County. After the death of Mr. Tobin, the home 
and immediate grounds were bought by the Reverend Peeples, 
the two families intermarried, the property was handed down 
through a female line, and the house is now known as the old 
Reynolds' Place. 

In Cornelius Tobin's will, filed at Barnwell 7 August 1829,* 
he gives one fourth of his remaining estate to each of his two 
sons, John and Daniel ; and divides the rest among the various 
members of his family, notably his sister Mary, his half-sister 
Caty, and his aunt Mary Dwyer, widow of Daniel Dwyer, 
who were all in Ireland. 

Prior to his death, Cornelius Tobin divided his lands, his 
negroes, his cattle, and other property (estimated as being the 
equivalent of a million dollars these days) giving one half, 
share and share alike to his two sons John and Daniel ; reserv- 
ing the other half for himself. Daniel was not yet married but 
he was given the large plantation called Kilkenny, and lived 
there up to the time of his death. 

Judith Tobin, our ancestral grandmother, died a short time 
after her arrival in America. In the meantime, or after his 
wife's death, Conelius bestowed his affections upon one of the 
county ladies, Mrs. Elizabeth Neilson, who had already been 
provided with a husband. She presented him with a son, and 
he did her the honor of giving it his name, Cornelius Tobin, 
Jr. How Mr. Neilson, Mr. John Neilson, regarded this mat- 
ter does not appear. But there were no divorces in those days, 
and the two families continued to live in the same neighbor- 
hood. Both the young Cornelius and his mother were well 

See page 161, Dudley Equity Reports, 1839. 


Meet Your Grandfather 

looked out for in a financial way. It was provided in the will 
that the boy should be well educated and upon reaching his 
maturity should come into a share of the property. Mrs. 
Neilson was provided with an annuity ; and in order that her 
husband should not receive any of its benefits, instructions 
were given that the funds should be turned over to Orsamus 
D. Allen,* a friend of Mr. Tobin, and the County Ordinary 
(Probate Judge), who was enjoined to make the payments to 
Mrs. Neilson in person. 

The young Cornelius, notwithstanding the bar sinister upon 
his escutcheon, married Miss Duncan of a very fine Barnwell 
family, and left many highly esteemed descendants. 

Cornelius Tobin, Sr., died about 1831 or '32, and was buried 
on his place but the exact spot of his grave is not known. There 
is a clump of trees that would seem to mark the place, but 
there is no stone. 

• For an account of Mr. Allen see page 72. 



(My Great Grandfather) 

DANIEL TOBIN was born in Ireland in the year 1783, 
and came to this country with his father when he was about 
seventeen years old. He married Agnes (or Anais) Lartigue, 
the daughter of Gerard Lartigue, a French refugee from Santo 
Domingo, and lived on his plantation called Kilkenny given 
to him by his father, Cornelius Tobin. 

The following obituaries, published almost a hundred years 
ago were pasted in an old Bible that belonged to his son-in-law 
Mr. Luther White Williams of Aiken, South Carolina. 

Daniel Tobin 

"On Thursday, November 22nd, 1849, in the 67th 
year of his age, after an illness of only seven days a be- 
reaved family mourn the loss in him of a kind and indul- 
gent parent and husband. In each of these relations and 
in that of master, he was ever affectionate and sympa- 
thetic. In an eminent degree was he distinguished for the 
virtues of benevolence, sincerity, and self-sacrifice. 

"He was charitable to the poor, for no heart could be 
more deeply distressed in witnessing a spectacle of human 
poverty or suffering. 

"There were none who knew him in his intimate as- 
sociations who were not ardently attached to him. It 
seems as if Vigor were among us, and bid fair to reach 
an extreme old age. The affecting dispensation which has 


86 Meet Your Grandfather 

fallen upon us was anticipated only in the distant future. 
But he has gone! He left us however amidst our tears 
and regrets, the consolatory hope that his spirit has de- 
parted from its earthly tenement, only to be received into 
a blissful immortality." 

Agnes Lartigue Tobin 

"Died at Barnwell Court House, at the residence of 
her son-in-law, Luther White Williams, on the 14th 
November 1857, Mrs. Agnes Tobin, widow of the late 
Daniel Tobin. In the death of this estimable lady a large 
circle of affectionate friends have suffered a painful be- 

"She possessed in an eminent degree the admiration 
and regard of all with whom she came in contact, added 
to a mind of rare endowments, cultivated by many 
elegant accomplishments. 

"She added a benevolence that knew no bounds, a de- 
votion to her family seldom equaled in its self-sacrifice, 
and a piety that sustained her in a life of purity and vir- 
tue; and which enabled her to triumph over the grave in 
the hour of death. Ever will she be remembered by her 
sorrowing children as the most affectionate of parents, 
and when shall be recalled to the memory of that beau- 
tiful image of her person, mind and character, it shall be 
with mourning hearts, and tears for a loss so utter." 

A single stone marks the grave of both in the Baptist Grave- 
yard in Barnwell Village. 



(My Great-great Grandfather) 

The Lartigue family is an ancient one and is carried in "La 
Noblesse de France". f There was a General de Lartigue, 
and many other distinguished men of that name will be found 
in the biographical works of France, and some in the United 
States. I was told by my very good friend the Comtesse de 
Beaumont in France, that the name of Lartigue is one of the 
best in the region of Bordeaux, where she resided. 

In the years that preceded the French Revolution, a number 
of distinguished French families, quite different from the emi- 
grants to this country, set out for the West Indies, where they 
established themselves on large plantations with a very great 
number of negro slaves. There they lived in great wealth and 
luxury. Among these were the families of Josephine, the wife 
of Napoleon, and her former husband General Beauharnais, 
whose blood still runs in many Royal Houses of Europe. Their 
plantations were on the island of Martinique. Others, includ- 
ing the Lartigues of Bordeaux, the L'Abatuts, and the La 
Portes, went to Santo Domingo. The original planters con- 
tinued to call themselves French. But those of the second and 
later generations were called Creoles, that is, persons of pure 
French blood born in the colonies. 

Madame Junot, the Duchesse D'Abrantis, whose husband 
Marshal Junot was aide de camp to the Emperor Napoleon, 
speaks often in her Memoirs of the Baronne Caroline Lalle- 

• The original French spelling Gerard changed first to Gerard and then to Girtrd. 
t Genealogical Social Register of Paris. 


88 Meet Your Grandfather 

mand, a very beautiful and charming young Creole from Santo 
Domingo, who with her mother Madame de Lartigue, had fled 
to France after having had their entire fortune of a million 
francs a year swept away during the revolution of the blacks. 
In Paris they were conspicuous at court, and Caroline had mar- 
ried Lieutenant General Charles Francois Lallemand. 

Lothrop Stoddard, author of The French Revolution in 
Santo Domingo, wrote me that practically all the family and 
official records of the colony were destroyed, but that he knows 
the Lartigues were among the great planter families of the 
North Province, and that there was a Robojot Lartigue who 
was either one of the planter delegates to Paris, or a member 
of the Colonial Assembly. 

There is some mystery as to the exact relation between our 
ancestor Gerard Lartigue and the other Lartigues mentioned 
above. But everything points to the conclusion that he was the 
brother or very near relative of Caroline Lartigue Lallemand, 
the friend of the Duchesse D'Abrantis. We know that he was 
a planter in Santo Domingo, and fled from there during the 
slave rebellion of 1791-92; that his first wife, Madame de La 
Porte, was of a family long in the West Indies j and that he 
had an aunt Madame L'Abatut whose handsome oil portrait 
was in the possession of our family for a great many years. I 
remember it well as a boy; but it was destroyed by fire when 
our house was burned about the time I went to West Point. 
She was shown to be a woman of most extraordinary beauty, 
dressed in the costume of the French court of that period, with 
powdered hair, and features resembling my mother. Fortu- 
nately a daguerreotype of the painting had been made so that 
copies have been preserved. 

There were two Generals Lallemand, brothers, barons, and 
having the same rank in Napoleon's army. They both in time 

Gerard Lartigue 89 

became refugees to the United States after the fall of the Em- 
pire. Henri, the younger, married a niece of the great Phila- 
delphia philanthropist, Stephen Girard; and due to a confusion 
of names and background, a tradition has grown up in the 
family that our Gerard Lartigue was in some way related to 
Stephen. But the evidence is all against it. 

Charles Lallemand was living in Paris with his wife Caro- 
line Lartigue many years before Henri ever came to the 
United States. He went with Napoleon to St. Helena, and is 
seen standing on the deck with the Emperor in the famous 
painting "Napoleon on the Bellerophon", of which we have 
a copy. After that he came to this country, and established a 
colony for French refugees, called "Champ D'Asiles", on the 
Trinity River in Texas ; but it was not a success, and he went 
back to France where he died in 1859. Henri died, and was 
buried, in Philadelphia. 

Gerard Lartigue was not inclined to talk. When asked about 
his forebears in France, he would answer that such things were 
out of place in America where all men were supposed to be 
on the same footing, and that he would rather look to the 
future than to the past. On one occasion however, he did speak 
to one of his grandchildren of having met an old friend near 
Savannah whom he had previously known at the court in St. 
Petersburg, while on a visit to Russia. But from a little here 
and a little there, from scraps of conversation, old letters 
written in French, Bibles and tombstones, the following facts 
and traditions have been brought to light. 

Gerard succeeded to a very large fortune upon the death 
of his wife, the former Madame de La Porte. He travelled 
abroad for a while visiting the capitals of Europe, and later 
was visited by his mother and sister who returned to Paris 
a short time before the Slave Rebellion. His uncle Raymond 

90 Meet Your Grandfather 

L'Abatut was murdered in the general massacre, and his aunt 
Madame Marie Theris L'Abatut was made a slave by the 
blacks. Then, when she refused to be a nursemaid for Negro 
children, she too was cruelly put to death. 

La Porte Heights is reported to have been one of the last 
strongholds to yield. Gerard was wounded five times. But 
finally when all further resistance was futile, he along with a 
few others made his escape to the United States. He was 
assisted in this by the friendly warning of a loyal female slave. 
The remaining whites were completly wiped out. The Negroes 
under the leadership of Touissant L'Ouverture, a mulatto, 
seized the government and they have held it ever since.* 

Gerard took up his residence in Augusta, Georgia, where 
he died 3 July 1818, and was buried in the Episcopal Church- 

He was married about 1793 (?) to Miss Ann Grace, whose 
parents had moved to Georgia from Virginia. Tradition says 
that she was the daughter of Captain William Grace who 
fought with Braddock at Fort Duquesne, and this has been 
published as a fact. But diligent search, on the part of this 
author, has failed to uncover any record of Captain Grace in 
the military or other records of Virginia, of the United States, 
or of Great Britain. 

From all accounts Ann Lartigue was a very attractive young 
lady, twelve years junior to her husband. We have her por- 
trait, made in Augusta in 1812 (?) which shows her dressed 
in the early American style and holding in her hand a very 
beautiful flower, which is said by some to be a cotton blossom 
and by others to be a rose. The original is a half length, half 
lifesize, oil painting in a massive gilt oval frame, and hangs 

* I was once officially entertained in Washington by the coal-black Negro Ambasiador 
from the Republic of Haiti. J. H. 

Gerard Lartigue 91 

in the drawing room of my cousin Mrs. Alfred Campbell 
(Josiphene Lartigue) in the Hawaiian Islands. Other mem- 
bers of the family have copies. 

In the family burying ground at Blackville, South Carolina, 
near the old Lartigue home, there is a stone erected to the 
memory of Etienne Lartigue, "Son of Gerard Lartigue — and 
of Ann (nee Jodan) his wife". This is wrong. It should have 
been (nee Grace). The name of Jodan, or Jaudon, belonged 
to another branch of the Lartigues,* and was placed on the 
monument through an error on the part of Etienne Lartigue's 
son, Charles Lartigue, whose grandmother had died before 
he was born. 

Agnes Lartigue, also called Anais, daughter of Gerard Lar- 
tigue and Ann Grace, his wife, married Daniel Tobin from 
whom we are descended. 

* Sarah Lawton (nee Jaudon) had a granddaughter, Jane Lawton, who married Etienne 
Lartigue's brother Isidore. 



(My Grandfather) 

JOHN ETIENNE TOBIN, son of Daniel Tobin and 
Agnes Lartigue, his wife, was born on the plantation in Barn- 
well District 9 December 1821 j married 26 August 1846 
Sarah Eugenia Owens of Barnwell j and died 28 December 
1868. He entered the South Carolina College but left before 
he graduated j was a member of the Euphradian Society. Re- 
turning home he adopted the legal profession and practiced 
law with distinguished ability and success. In the village of 
Blackville he built a commodious home of the colonial type * 
with a broad porch and columns, approached by an avenue of 
oaks. Several of his children, including my mother, were born 

He served twice in the State Legislature, but gradually 
withdrew from the law, gave up politics and devoted his en- 
tire time to his plantation near Blackville, which he had re- 
ceived from his father. When the Confederate War came, he 
was a brigadier general of the South Carolina Militia, and 
formed a regiment out of his brigade. He served with this as 
Colonel at a camp in the lower part of the State, but his health 
failing, he returned to his home where he remained until he 

During the last year of the war, when Sherman's Army 
passed through Barnwell County (Sherman himself was in 
Blackville) all the men and boys on the plantations fled. Even 

* Pictured in Old Homesteads and Historic Buildings by the Manhattan Chapter, D. A. R. 


General John E. Tobin 93 

"Bubber Eddie", the youngest of the Tobins and only nine 
years old, was mounted on a mule and hustled off with a group 
of Confederate stragglers. He was barefooted, hatless, with 
only a cotton shirt and pants. But nothing more was heard of 
him until some time after the war when he was picked up in 
an Atlanta hospital. 

General Tobin was a tall handsome man with straight fea- 
tures and a full beard. He favored his French mother rather 
than his Irish father. He was a devoted parent, a kind and 
considerate master, and a man of strong convictions. To his 
neighbors he may have seemed to be somewhat eccentric, but 
he was perhaps only ahead of his times. He required all the 
young Negro girls on his plantation to wear slacks, or at least 
to dress like boys. This he said was for sanitary reasons, and 
to prevent them from catching on fire from the open hearths 
in the cabins, or when playing around the great iron pots in 
the yards, where their mothers were washing clothes, making 
soap and molasses, and scalding the hogs in "hog killing 

Another thing that caused some comment, both inside and 
outside the domestic circle, was that he selected one of his 
eight children, set her apart from the others, and raised her 
as a pet. He assumed complete charge of my mother from the 
time when she was very young, and ordained that she should 
never be corrected, scolded, or punished. What effect this had 
upon her in after life I cannot say, but it was generally ad- 
mitted that from earliest childhood she reflected much of her 
father's strong character, and was always the outstanding mem- 
ber of the family to whom all others deferred, without regard 
to age or sex. Sissy, as they called her, never got into argu- 
ments, never lost her temper, was always reasonable and fair; 
but as inflexible as steel. Once having made up her mind as 
to what was right, wild horses, as she used to say, could not 

94 Meet Your Grandfather 

move her. And in the end she had her way. She never forbade 
me to do anything. She always said: "I would not do that if 
I were you". Or, if things got too bad, she would say "Go and 
get the brush"; or "Go in the yard and cut a switch." Then as 
a last resort she would have me strip off all the leaves, and peel 
off the bark. She would then put the switch in a conspicuous 
place, and go on with her sewing, or reading until thoroughly 
repentant, I would get permission to throw it away. Sometimes 
she would keep the switch in evidence for a day or two. 

Here is a story they tell on General Tobin. He was making 
a political speech in Barnwell, and being heckled by a rather 
rough customer in the audience. He paid no attention to this 
at first, but finally the man came up close and rapping on the 
floor of the platform with his knuckles, said in a threatening 

"Here! Here!! When I speak to a politician, I expect to 
see him jump!" 

The General paused a moment, and then looking down upon 
his antagonist, said in a subdued voice that could be heard all 
over the crowd: 

"Be careful there! I am chewing tobacco!" 

John Tobin was a devout member of the Episcopal Church. 
But there being no graveyard of that denomination in Black- 
ville in those days, he was buried in the graveyard of the 
Methodist Church, where the stone still stands. He was sur- 
vived by a wife and six children, but his possessions were all 
gone — wiped out by the war. 



(My Grandmother's Brother) 

Colonel William A. Owens, although not a newspaper 
man was the founder of the first newspaper ever published in 
Barnwell County — The Barnwell People — which he regarded 
as a necessity for the welfare of the community, and the 
following article is taken largely from a two-column editorial 
published upon the one hundredth anniversary of his birth. 

He was born 14 September 1822 on his father's plantation 
in Prince William Parish, Beaufort County, not far from 
Owens Cross Roads, where the village of Fairfax now stands. 
He was the son of Captain John A. Owens and Mary Over- 
street, daughter of the Honorable James Overstreet, Jr., a 
member of Congress from South Carolina. Captain Owens was 
a man of considerable means, and his wife Mary was remark- 
able for her literary talent, her quick wit, and fine sense of 
humor j qualities that she transmitted to her son. 

William's father died when he was nine years old and his 
mother followed a few years later. Thus he and his younger 
sister Sarah, from whom we are descended, were taken away 
from their own plantation in Prince William Parish, and 
passed the balance of their childhood at Black Swamp, on the 
plantation of their cousin Major Jabez Brown, their legal 

Sarah went to school in Barnwell, and later in Charleston. 
William went to Greenville in the upper part of the State ; 
studied law; and was admitted to the bar in Charleston by 

[ 95 ] 

96 Meet Your Grandfather 

special act of the South Carolina Legislature prior to his 
twenty-first birthday. Two years later he was appointed colonel 
in the South Carolina Militia, and assigned to the staff of 
Governor William Aiken. 

He served six years in the State Legislature at a time when 
there was no compensation, no such thing as a professional 
politician, and only men of substantial means and standing in 
the community were selected for public office. There he bitterly 
opposed Secession. An address made by him upon that subject 
was printed by Walker Evans and Cogswell, in Charleston, 
and a copy presented by Governor Aiken to the Charleston 
Library Society, where it can now be seen. He was supported 
in this by Judge John Belton O'Neall, James L. Pettigrew, 
and of course we know that General Robert E. Lee, and other 
great leaders of the Confederacy were also opposed to it. 
Colonel Owens defended slavery, championed States Rights; 
damned the Northern Democrats, very much in the same 
language as the Charleston News and Courier of today. But 
he warned against plunging the country into civil war, and 
foretold the ruin that would come upon the South. He urged 
the people of his state, to remain in the Union, and to look 
to the Constitution for their protection. 

He was appointed by President Buchanan, in 1858, to be a 
member of the Board of Visitors to the United States Military 
Academy at West Point, and wrote the report of the Board. 
The following year he entered the race for Congress, but 
died during the campaign from an abscess of the brain, follow- 
ing and old wound that he had received as a child when kicked 
in the head by a horse. 

Colonel Owens died at the age of thirty-seven. He was at 
that time Solicitor for the Southern Circuit of the state, em- 
bracing the counties of Barnwell, Beaufort and others. A 

Colonel William Aiken Owens 97 

memorial service was conducted at the Barnwell Court House, 
January 4th 1860, at which Judge Alfred Aldridge presided. 
Upon taking the chair, and after stating the purpose of the 
meeting he said: 

"From his first speech to the last that he delivered on this 
floor, each court was the scene of new triumphs and success. 
He was genial in his temperament, earnest in the discharge 
of his duty, eloquent in the expression of his thoughts. He 
had no jealousy. His confidence in himself was such that the 
success of others caused no uneasiness in him." 

The Honorable John J. Maher, who afterwards became 
judge of the Second Circuit said: 

"We have lost an able lawyer ; a high-toned, zealous Solici- 
tor j and a public-spirited patriotic citizen ; but it is the man 
that we shall mourn and miss the most." 

Winchester Graham, Esq., said: 

"Colonel Owens was distinguished by his wit, his humor, 
his annecdote, and repartee j but these qualities were always 
subordinate to courtesy, to kindness, and to Christian Charity." 

Benjamin F. Perry, former Governor of South Carolina, 
and the white people's United States Senator in 1865, writing 
in the Greenville Enterprise, said: 

"Colonel Owens was full of genius, a fine writer, and an 
eloquent speaker." 

Colonel Owens married Miss Frances Corley of Beaufort 
County, whose brother, Colonel James Corley, graduated from 
West Point in the class of 1850, and served as Commissary 
General in the Confederate Army. They had four sons. Arthur, 
Edward, Clarence, and Eugene; one daughter Eva, never 
married, who assisted in the preparation of these papers. 

98 Meet Your Grandfather 

The Owens family did not live on the plantation. Their 
handsome home on Marlboro Street in Barnwell Village was 
just opposite The Cedars, where lived the famous Captain 
Joe Allen, before the war, and afterwards General Johnson 
Hagood. When I was a boy the house was owned and occupied 
by Colonel Robert (Bob) Aldrich, and known as the Aldrich 
place. Two great magnolia trees, more than a hundred years 
old, stand in the front yard, and one of the older members of 
the Aldrich family, writing of Colonel Owens, whom she as 
a young girl remembered, said: "The perfume of their 
blossoms still rise as incense to the memory of this man of 


The following sketch of my mother Kathleen Rosa Tobin 
(1851-1914) was published in a Barnwell paper under date 
of March 21st, 1935. The author, Miss Eva Owens, was 
my mother's first cousin, and in youth her best friend. Cousin 
Eva, as an old lady, more than three score years later, has 
written in the fashion of her times. 

Twenty-one years ago, Kate Tobin died in Columbia, and 
was buried in Elmwood Cemetery. Her first husband, Lee 
Hagood, I knew intimately in Barnwell, when he was her beau. 
Her second husband, Dr. Lester, I never met. The memory 
of her girlhood brings back "one round of happy days". Not 
a cloud dimmed her horizon. The peace that passeth under- 
standing was hers to give or to impart to others. She had the 
art of making friends, and the diplomacy to keep them. Her 
beauty was of the unusual type. She had golden hair, brown 
eyes, and was very, very fair j medium height with small hands 
and feet. She could easily have coaxed them into Cinderella's 
slipperj and it was whispered among her admirers that in be- 
stowing her hand, she must also give her heart, the hand alone 
was too little. To be surrounded by a cortege of friends was 
to her the zenith of happiness. Simple in dress, equisite in 
manner, she held the reins of society in her shapely hands. To 
know was to love her. Men were then like courtiers, they rev- 
erenced the fair sex — placed them upon a pedestal, and in 
this way acknowledged them to be supreme. 

Our amusements were diversified. Dancing in the long win- 
ter evenings, interspersed with whist, backgammon, and crib- 


100 Meet Your Grandfather 

bage. Around the village were lovely bridle paths, and we 
never tired of riding horseback. Miles and miles of forests, 
often hedged with rail fences covered by yellow jasemine, 
honey suckle, briar roses j and running brooks across the road. 
The gallants would stoop where the cool spring bubbled up, 
and improvise a cup from an oak leaf for my lady's use. They 
could hear the mocking birds singing "their song without 
words" as they galloped on. Overhanging apple and peach 
orchards waited to dispense their sweetness to passing strangers. 

Hagood's Mill Pond was the popular resort in "the golden 
summer time". Boats were ready for fishing or gathering pond 
lilies. Such an ideal spot for picnics and barbecues! ! Bream, 
perch and trout were plentiful, and the crowning event was 
an early morning canter with breakfast at the Mill Pond. The 
fisherman had everything in readiness when we arrived — hot 
fried fish, corn muffins, made from freshly ground meal, and 
coffee. Food that was fit for a king. Those were the days of 
carefree existence. Kate had her share in it all — a happy, happy 

On moonlight nights, in boats that were for only two, the 
music on the water was soft and low. We sang the songs that 
expressed our feelings — "Sailing! Sailing!", "Gumtree 
Canoe", "Love Will Light His Tapers Bright". There were 
hammocks, and swings, and joggling boards, under the majes- 
tic oaks. How Kate reveled in it all. 

Much of the visiting was done on horseback. Neighbors 
would drop in to tell jokes or exchange fish stories. Fine saddle 
horses were ever ready for gallant men and fair ladies to ride 
over the fields. Kate was a dainty picture on a horse. She wore 
a green marine riding habit, perfectly fitting gloves, cap, and 
high laced boots. She carried an ivory-handled riding whip, 


and the horse's coat was like satin. Kate's ease and her poise 
was the admiration of all.* 

In our day it was love that ruled the court, the camp, and 
the grove. Gentlemen asked for introductions, and the bars of 
society were let down for none except men of refinement, of 
dignity and accomplishment. Shallow hearted youth was 
pushed aside for men of ability. Kate lived in an atmosphere 
of culture and it was ever present with her. To her legion of 
friends she was the perfect woman, nobly planned. 

I do not remember ever having seen Cousin Eva Owens, 
but my mother told me that she was very sentimental, without 
ever having a serious beau. But here is another kind of story. 

When Sherman made his march through Barnwell County, 
my mother was only twelve years old but in charge of her 
father's household. A Yankee officer, flushed with wine called 
her to a piano in the parlor, and ordered her to give him some 
music. Very much frightened, with the soldiers swarming all 
over the house, she struck up the only air she could think of — 
Dixie. The soldiers broke into a loud cheer, and the officer 
calling her a brave little rebel, asked what she would have as 
a reward. Explaining that her mother was very sick upstairs, 
she asked that the house be not burned. 

The soldiers were immediately cleared out. A guard was 
established, and the old plantation home of the Tobins was 
spared — a monument of white along the great black trail of 

* Buggy riding was in those days considered fast. J. H. 



(My Uncle) 

Isidore Lartigue Tobin was born on the plantation in 
Barnwell District 4 August 1847, son of General John E. 
Tobin, and Sarah E. Owens his wife. It was said that early in 
the war, he joined a Louisiana Regiment passing through the 
county and went with it to Virginia, but this service is not con- 
firmed, and the records of the War Department show later on, 
August 1864, he enlisted as a private in the Orleans Guard 
Battery and served with it on James Island, South Carolina, 
until December of that year, when he was furloughed to go 
to The Citadel. There he remained until Charleston was taken 
by the Yankees,, and The Citadel buildings occupied by Federal 

Upon returning to the plantation, he found the property 
destroyed, the family impoverished, and himself with meagre 
education, confronted with the necessity of making his bread. 
Three years later, his father died leaving him, at the age of 
twenty-one, the head of a large family that had been raised 
in luxury, accustomed to the service of slaves, the girls with 
their maids and horses, the boys with their body servants and 
tutors. But now they were poor and lacked the bare necessities 
of life. Uncle Isidore cheerfully accepted this responsibility \ 
and from that day on, until the last of his sisters was married 
and provided for, he shared his all with them and with his 

After trying his hand at running a country store, he became 
a school teacher. This was terminated by his eloping at recess 

[ 102] 

Colonel I. L. Tobin 103 

with one of his pupils, a very beautiful little brunette, Harriet 
Sheldonia Allen, only sixteen years old, who continued all 
her life to regard him in the light of her teacher, always ad- 
dressed him, and spoke of him, as "Mister Tobin" ; but was 
in fact his guiding star and refuge in every difficulty. 

Their marriage broke up the school, and Uncle Isidore 
moved to Allendale, a new town or station on the railroad be- 
tween Charleston and Augusta, sixteen miles by dirt road from 
Barnwell — a long dreary stretch of deep white sand, with an 
occasional swamp or branch, over which there were no bridges. 

He decided to become a lawyer! He borrowed some law 
books, and lying up in bed — a favorite practice of his — studied 
day and night, while Aunt Donie, as we called her, supported 
the family by sewing and selling milk. After six months he 
passed the bar, and then won his first case: which was that of 
a darky accused of burning a white man's barn. For this he 
would accept no fee. After this his rise was rapid. He soon be- 
came the most prominent, and the most successful, lawyer in 
that part of the state: criminal cases at first, and after that, as 
an attorney for the railroads and corporations. 

He was a private in the South Carolina Militia. He belonged 
to a troop of Cavalry, and had a sabre, but I do not remember 
having seen him on a horse. In accordance with the customs 
of the time, he was. called Colonel, and afterwards Judge, and 
every negro in that part of the county knew that if he started 
any trouble, the Judge would be after him with that sabre and 
the law. 

He was an indefatigable worker, and accumulated both lands 
and city property, if real estate in Allendale (stores on the 
main street) could be dignified by that name. But he never 
permitted his business to interfere with his family life, the en- 

104 Meet Your Grandfather 

tertainment of his friends, or his inordinate desire to go fish- 

Uncle Isidore was a great reader, and took particular de- 
light in Dickens. He himself might have been taken as a com- 
posite of Dickens characters. From his tutors before the war 
he had a very fair knowledge of Latin and the classics. Dur- 
ing his service with the Louisiana troops he had learned some 
French. He had a rare sense of humor, and to hear him tell 
a story was a treat to those who knew him casually, a source 
of never ending pleasure to those who knew him well. He 
knew the joy of laughter and could convey it to others. 

He held to the exuberance of youth j and took the full 
measure of life — in his home, in his office, on the street where 
much of the business was conducted, and in the Court House. 
His law office, with his library was in the yard — a nice little 
two room house with a piazza. No telephones, nor typewriters, 
nor stenographers, nor clerks, nor filing cases except pigeon 
holes, where he kept bundles of papers tied with red tape. 

Believing that there was no better food in the world than 
country sausage, spareribs, his own fried chickens, and the 
fish that he and his friends could catch in Barnwell County, 
he never hesitated to invite his friends or strangers to his 
house j and there was never a day when there was not some- 
one there, either for a meal or to spend the night. If the Pres- 
ident of the United States, or the Prince of Wales, had gone 
to Allendale, he would have been taken to Uncle Isidore's. 
And neither he nor Aunt Donie would have been embarrassed 
in the slightest degree if they had had to take pot luck. 

Uncle Isidore was one of those men, of whom there are 
very few left, who would say to a member of his family or 
to a visitor: "Take this chair j you will find it more com- 
fortable!", "Sit over here in the breeze" ; "Come closer to 

Colonel I. L. Tobin 105 

the fire" j at the table, "Take this piece of chicken" ; or to one 
of the children out on the porch, "Salley! Get Mr. Jones a 
glass of water". 

To him, courtesy, and the conduct of individuals towards 
each other was one of the most important things in life. 

Uncle Isidore always had two or three negro retainers about 
the place employed on odd jobs to meet some debt. Jake 
Baynard was our favorite when I was a boy. He was a kind 
of hero because he had lost an arm while escaping from the 
penitentiary. He was accused of having burned a man's barn. 
He told me that he was innocent ; but that after having served 
his term and recovering his health, he did go back and burn 
the man's house. He and Oliver, another ex-convict used to 
cut wood, and work around the lot where there was a cow, and 
at times a horse and buggy, that took Uncle Isidore to court 
in Barnwell. 

Allendale had a bathtub! And it was in Uncle Isidore's 
house. It was a wooden home-made affair, constructed like a 
boat, and approached by a trapdoor in the floor. Water was 
drawn in buckets at the well, emptied into a trough, and flowed 
into the tub through a pipe. After that, by pulling out a wooden 
peg, the water ran out under the house and nature took its 
course. Uncle Isidore enjoyed his bath, and during the long 
summer afternoons he would lie up in the tub reading his law 
cases, topping it off with a nap. 

Other people in Allendale just heated water in kettles and 
washed in portable tubs like the British. 

In course of time, Uncle Isidore acquired the largest and 
handsomest residence in Allendale with running water, electric 

106 Meet Your Grandfather 

lights, and all the modern conveniences of fifty years ago, 
but that was after I went into the armv. 

He died December 5th, 1909, and was buried at Swallow 
Savannah, not far from Bostick's Pond where he used to go 


The names and dates in the following pages were in some cases 

obtained from sources not absolutely reliable. They may 

however be taken as substantially correct in the 

absence of evidence to the contrary. 



1. WILLIAM HAGOOD, our first known ancestor of 
that name, also spelt Haguewood, was born in Virginia of 
English descent. He married about 1770, Sarah Johnson, also 
of Virginia, who on her mother's side was of French extrac- 
tion. In about 1775, he removed to the Ninety Six District of 
South Carolina, where he took up lands along several creeks 
flowing into the Savannah and Saluda Rivers. There he re- 
sided until he died in 1812. (See sketch, page 28.) 

WILLIAM HAGOOD, by his wife Sarah Johnson, who 
died in 1826, had issue as follows: 

2. Rebecca Hagood, married (1) Griffin, (2) Randolph, 
or Randall, Hagood, who according to her nephew Major 
James Ambler was "no kin". She died in 1824 and in her will, 
filed at Abbeville, she mentions a daughter, Ann Eliza. 

3. JOHNSON HAGOOD, was born in Virginia 31 August 
1771; married 10 December 1794, Mary Ann O'Hear, 
daughter of James O'Hear and Ann Gordon, Jr., his wife. 
Died 27 April 1816. He was a prominent member of the 
Charleston Bar and a partner of the distinguished Robert 
Goodloe Harper, a member of Congress from South Caro- 
lina and author of the sentiment "Millions for Defense but 
not a cent for Tribute" erroneously attributed to Charles 
Cotesworth Pinckney. Mr. Hagood gave up his law practice 
in 1806, and moved to Barnwell, where he established a plan- 
tation called Short Staple. (See sketch, page 31.) 


110 Meet Your Grandfather 

4. Richard Hagood, married Lucretia Cooper and left 
two sons, one in Laurens County, the other moved to Georgia. 
Richard, in 1811, received as a gift from his father three hun- 
dred acres of land on Cuffeetown Creek in Edgefield County, 
and later succeeded to the place (326 acres) upon which the 
William Hagood family had lived. This he sold in 1820. 

5. James Hagood, received eight hundred acres on Horse 
Pen Creek in Edgefield County from his father, but he lived 
and planted in Barnwell. He died in 1829, and in his will he 
mentions four children — (1) Gideon Johnson, (2) Susan who 
married William Hughes, (3) Eliza Ann who married Allen 
Odom, and (4) William H. 

The latter (William H. Hagood) was born in 1811, grad- 
uated from the South Carolina Medical College in 1833, and 
in 1835 married Miss Annie Martin of Charleston. They had 
one son who never married, and eleven daughters — (1) Isa- 
belle married Rutherford Oakman, lived in Orangeburg, and 
had a grandson Clarence who now lives in Charleston, (2) 
Sarah married Clifford Oakman, brother of Rutherford, (3) 
Julia married Clifford Bellinger, (4) Gertrude married 
Charles Bellinger, brother of Clifford, (5) Irene married Rob- 
inson, (6) Ann married Burckmyer and has a daughter Carrie, 
now living in Hendersonville, North Carolina. The other five 
sisters never married. 

6. Susan Hagood, married James Ambler of Virginia and 
left descendants in Pickens County, South Carolina. Major 
James H. Ambler, who died in 1907, was her only son. Her 
daughter Adaline married Colonel Benjamin Hagood, of 
Pickens County, whose relationship if any has not been estab- 

7. Gideon Hagood, was a planter in Barnwell County, and 
apparently a major in the state militia, as he was referred to 

Hagood Line 1 1 1 

with that rank in the Charleston newspapers. In 1800 he was 
elected to the office of Ordinary (Probate Judge) by the Leg- 
islature. He married in Charleston, March 17, 1796, Miss 
Harriet Yonge of a family for which Yonge's Island is named. 
They had eight children — ( 1 ) Elvira Ann who married Gen- 
eral John McPherson, and upon his death Reverend Elliott 
Estes by whom she left a grandson W. Brooks Lawton of 
Allendale, (2) Emma, who also married a McPherson, (3) 
Yonge Johnson, (4) Amanda, (5) Harriet, (6) Susan, (7) 
Julia, and (8) Thomas Gideon. 

Major, or Judge, Hagood later moved to Hancock County, 
Georgia, where he died. In his will of February 1824, he men- 
tions a second wife, by whom he seems to have had no children. 
He had received from her a very considerable property in the 
way of land and slaves, as a marriage settlement, and upon 
his death it all reverted to her. 

8. Tirza Hagood, married (1) James Crawford, and (2) 
Samuel de Loach. They lived near Mobile, Alabama. She left 
descendants by de Loach only. 

9. John Hagood, was a factor in Charleston and is shown 
in the City Directory of 1809 as living at 116 Tradd Street. 
He married Mrs. Elizabeth Campbell of that city, 8 Novem- 
ber 1809, and died some time prior to 1822, leaving one son, 
John W. Hagood, who left descendants, supposedly in North 

10. Eliza Hagood, married Garland Chiles. 

1 1 . Holly Hagood, married Mathew Ray. 

JOHNSON HAGOOD, No. 3 above, by his wife Mary 
Ann O'Hear, had issue as follows: 

112 Meet Your Grandfather 

12. Caroline Gordon Hagood, born 3 September 1795; 
married Frederick Witsell, and had five children — (1) Dr. 
Charles Witsell, who left a son Reverend W. P. Witsell, now 
living in Little Rock, Arkansas, (2) John W. Witsell, whose 
grandson Major General Edward F. Witsell, Citadel graduate 
of 1911, is the Adjutant General of the Army, (3) Thomas 
L. Witsell who had two daughters, Margaret or Maggie, who 
married Doctor Charles Rees, and Mary or Mamie, who mar- 
ried Buist Lucas. Maggie's daughter Frances married John 
Simonds, Jr., and Mamie's daughter Betty married William 
Hanahan, all of Charleston; (4) Ann O'Hear Witsell mar- 
ried Major Saxby Chaplain of Walterboro and left descend- 
ants there, among whom are Mrs. U. W. Davis and Mrs. C. C. 
Anderson, (5) Emma Julia Witsell married Charles Neyle, 
among her descendants in Charleston are Mrs. Charles 
(Emmie) Baker, Mrs. Edward M. Robertson, George Fish- 
burne and others. 

13. Robert Harper Hagood, born 20 April 1797, at- 
tended the South Carolina College, died 12 January 1825, 

14. Harriet Matilda Hagood, born 30 March 1798, 
married first Joseph Fraser of Walterboro; second John T. 
Schmidt of Charleston. By the former she had two daughters, 
( 1 ) Ann Fraser who married Dr. Lewis Scott Hay of Allen- 
dale. Their granddaughter Eroledine (Mrs. S. D. Bateman) 
painted a handsome portrait of Johnson Hagood, the elder, 
and succeeded to some of his wife's, Ann O'Hear's personal 
effects. (2) Sophia Fraser married George McDonald, and it 
was she who preserved the old Gordon Bible and presented it 
to General Hagood, C. S. A. 

Matilda Hagood, by her second husband John T. Schmidt, 
had a daughter Eveleen who married Thadeus Oakman below. 

Hagood Line 1 1 3 

15. Ann Eliza Hagood, born 24 October 1800; married 
at Short Staple, William Henry Oakman of Augusta, Georgia; 
died 3 December 1860. They had nine sons, three of whom 
married their first cousins, and two their second cousins. (1) 
Dr. Ervin H. Oakman married Sarah Ann Hagood, my 
father's sister ; (2) Dr. Robert Harper Oakman married Emily 
Hagood, daughter of William Johnson Hagood, below ; (3) 
Thadeus Oakman married Eveleen Schmidt, daughter of 
Matilda Hagood, above; (4) Rutherford Oakman married 
Isabelle Hagood, daughter of Dr. William H. Hagood, 
above; and (5) Clifford Oakman married Sarah M. Hagood, 
sister of Isabelle. One other son, Wellington left descendants; 
(6) Octavius, aged 26, was killed at Gettysburg. 

Ann Eliza Oakman's daughters married John O. Sanders, 
Thomas Richardson, Eugene Gordon Hay, David Van Buren, 
and (1) James Hooke, (2) J. M. Hoge. David Van Buren's 
daughter, Mrs. Ruth Tufts, lives in Mitchell, Georgia. 

16. William Johnson Hagood, born Charleston 6 Jan- 
uary 1806; became blind at the age of six years. He married 
twice and lived on his plantation near Barnwell, which he 
received from his father. He had two daughters by his first 
wife, Emily who married Dr. Robert Oakman, above; and 
Ellen who married Mr. Richardson of Tennessee. He died in 
1862, and was buried at Short Staple. 

17. Edwin Augustus Hagood, born at Short Staple 10 
May 1810; died 9 February 1863. He inherited the planta- 
tion, and at one time was the largest planter in the county. 
Married Elizabeth Barrett and had five sons, all of whom had 
gallant records in the Confederate Army. Earl V. Hagood, 
the youngest, enlisted a few days after his fourteenth birth- 
day and served to end of war. He was a mounted courier for 
General Joseph E. Johnston, and afterwards for Hood. Gen- 

114 Meet Your Grandfather 

eral Wade Hampton commended him as a brave boy, and 
wrote that in spite of his tender years "he was often entrusted 
with the most important orders and movements of our army". 
The others were in Jim Hagood's Regiment, the First South 
Carolina Volunteers. Three of these, Edwin Augustus, 
William H., and Thomas B., were wounded at the Second 
Battle of Manassas. Robert Harper went through the war un- 
scathed. Edwin Augustus, or Gus, was the Color Bearer, and 
shot through the body. Dr. Martin Bellinger passed a silk 
handkerchief through him, and "taking hold of the two ends 
wiped out the blood". He got well but was never again fit 
for service. All five of the boys left descendants, but Earl V. 
Hagood, Jr., is one of the few, and the senior representative 
of the family, now living in Barnwell. His sister, Mrs. Pearle 
Harvard, greatly assisted in the preparation of these papers. 
Bates Hagood now owns and operates Short Staple Plantation. 

Tom Hagood, who with his four brothers fought so gal- 
lantly under the Confederate flag, had seven grandsons and 
one great grandson fighting under the Stars and Stripes in the 
two World Wars. One of these, Lieut. Col. Monroe Johnson 
Hagood, served with distinction in China. Mrs. Tom Hagood, 
nee Annie Sams, set aside some money in her will for the main- 
tenance of the family Burying Ground at Short Staple. 

18. JAMES O'HEAR HAGOOD, born 4 October 1804, 
in Charleston j died in Barnwell 17 January 1873, and was 
buried at Short Staple. He was a planter and physician j grad- 
uate of the University of Pennsylvania 1824. Married 1828, 
Indiana M. Allen, daughter of John Cargill Allen, and Sarah 
Williamson, his wife. (See sketch, page 36.) 

JAMES O'HEAR HAGOOD, by his wife Indiana M. 

Allen, had issue as follows: 

Hagood Line 1 1 5 

19. Johnson Hagood, born 21 February 1 829 j married 
Eloise Brevard Butler, daughter of Judge Andrew Pickens 
Butler, and Harriet Hayne, his wife. He was a planter of 
Barnwell County ; served in the Confederate Army as Colonel 
of the First South Carolina Volunteers, and later as a brigadier 
general. Was Governor of South Carolina 1880-1882, and 
died 4 January 1898. His only son Pickens Butler Hagood 
married Florie Hollman of Barnwell, and left a son Johnson 
Hagood, who served overseas during the First World War. 
(For sketch of General Hagood, see page 45.) 

20. Sarah Ann Hagood, born 30 December 1 830 j mar- 
ried her cousin Ervin H. Oakman, son of William Henry Oak- 
man and Ann Eliza Hagood (No. 15 above). He was a prac- 
ticing physician in Brunswick, Georgia, and died there of 
yellow fever. His remains now rest in the family Burying 
Ground on Short Staple Plantation. Their son Ervin (called 
Lad) married Emma Clark, and left a son Clark Oakman, 
and two daughters, Eloise and Violet. 

21. John Adrian Hagood, died in infancy. 

22. Alice Hagood, born 11 January, 1835; died 17 June 
1896; married 8 March 1854, Isaac H. Means, a planter 
of Fairfield County, who was a nephew of prewar Governor 
James H. Means (1850) of South Carolina; and a first cousin 
of Lieutenant General John C. Bates, U. S. Army, Chief of 
Staff, under whom I served in the War Department. Uncle 
Ike, as we called him, was a captain in the Confederate Army; 
served two terms as Secretary of State (South Carolina); 
and spent his declining years as Librarian of the South Caro- 
lina College, of which he was a graduate. He died in 1898 
leaving ( 1 ) David H. Means, who married Fanny Corry and 
left a daughter Frances Corry; also a son David Means, 
Jr., who was awarded the Silver Star and Purple Heart while 

116 Meet Your Grandfather 

serving as Captain of Infantry in the Second World War. (2) 
James Hagood Means, married Emma Wright; left a son 
Hagood Means, Jr., and two daughters, Alice and Margaret; 
(3) Marie Cornelia Means, called Nidie, married Pinckney 
Miller of Waco, North Carolina ; and (4) Caroline Nott 
Means, married the Rev. Robert S. Latimer of Alabama. 

23. Indiana Caroline Hagood, born 2 May 1837; died 
25 September 1894; married the Rev. James Dunwoody of 
Walterboro, South Carolina. He was a descendant of Gov- 
ernor Bullock of Georgia, and a first cousin of Martha Bullock, 
mother of the famous Theodore Roosevelt, President of the 
United States. Dr. Dunwoody was a Presbyterian Minister of 
independent means, and would accept no compensation for his 
work in the Church. It was Uncle James Dunwoody who per- 
formed the marriage ceremony of Mr. Theodore Roosevelt, 
Sr., to his cousin Miss Bullock. And it was he who performed 
the ceremony for his young brother-in-law, Lee Hagood, to 
my mother. He died in 1902, and left a daughter Caroline 
Indiana, called Ina, who married Charles Augustus Savage, 
and had two sons, (1) Henry Elliot Savage, now living in 
Walterboro; and (2) Marion Alexander. 

24. Ella Rosa Hagood, died in infancy. 

25. Augusta Columbia Hagood (called Aunt Gus), born 
7 December 1842; and died unmarried about 1897. She lived 
in the town house in Barnwell left by her father, Dr. Hagood; 
where as a boy I spent a great deal of my time. She still kept 
up the old style of a kitchen in the yard, where Mum Anne 
and Daddy Morris, who had been in the family since slavery 
days, cooked in a big open fireplace, with the peculiar pots, 
pans, skillets, and ovens, provided for that purpose. Meat was 
roasted on a spit or in the ashes. I have never tasted better 

Hagood Line 1 17 

26. James Robert Hagood, born 15 November 1844; 
died 15 November 1870, unmarried. Enlisted as a private 
soldier in the Confederate Army, and became Colonel of his 
regiment before his nineteenth birthday. (See sketch, page 60.) 

27. LEE HAGOOD, born 31 October 1846; married 
Kathleen Rosa Tobin, 14 December 1871; died 26 December 
1890. He attended the Citadel and served as a private soldier 
in the Confederate Army. (See sketch, page 39.) 

28. Mary Eloise Hagood, born 15 March 1848; died 
15 April 1875; was celebrated for her beauty and charm, but 
never married. 

29. Gordon Allen Hagood, born 29 June 1854; died 
about 1910; very handsome but never married. 

LEE HAGOOD, No. 27 above, by his wife Kathleen Tobin 
had issue as follows: 

30. JOHNSON HAGOOD, born 16 June 1873; grad- 
uated West Point 1896; married 14 December 1899, Jean 
Gordon Small, daughter of James H. Small, Esq., of Mont- 
rose, Scotland, and Charlotte Whaley of Charleston. Served 
as brigadier general in France and Germany during the First 
World War, and later as a major general in the Regular Serv- 
ice, commanded the Fourth, Third and Second Armies in the 
United States. Invented several devices used in the coast de- 
fenses; author of The Services of Supply, We Can Defend 
America, Soldiers Handbook (with Williford), and numerous 
articles in The Saturday Evening Post, Colliers , and other 
national magazines. Received the Distinguished Service Medal 
(same as that given to Pershing and Foch) for his work in 
France; Commandeur Legion d'Honneur of France; Com- 

1 1 8 Meet Your Grandfather 

mander Order of the Crown (Italy) j Order of the Sacred 
Treasure (Japan) ; and other decorations. Member of The 
Society of the Cincinatti (North Carolina). Has appeared in 
Who's Who in America continuously for past twenty-five 

31. James Hagood, born April 1875; accidentally drowned 
on Sullivan's Island, near Charleston, 26 May 1882. 

32. Lee Hagood, born 26 August 1877. After attending 
the Citadel, he graduated from the University of South Car- 
olina and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Enlisted 
for a commission in the Army and appointed second lieutenant 
1901. Retired for physical disability in line of duty, with rank 
of first lieutenant, 1908. Major Officers Reserve Corps 1924. 
Associated for many years with the General Electric Com- 
pany at home and abroad; had offices in Russia, Siberia, Man- 
churia, and China, making two complete circuits of the globe. 
Invented the present method of operating distribution centers 
of electrical transmission with equal voltage; wrote book on 
searchlights published and used in military service; also wrote 
a number of articles for the scientific magazines. Served in 
1918 as a military attache with American Embassy in Petro- 
grad. Upon the approach of the Germans, he escaped with 
others to Helsingfors, Finland, taking with him the famous 
Sisson Papers — photostatic copies of the secret correspondence 
between Lenin and the German General Staff which our gov- 
ernment printed and distributed behind the German lines. Lee 
returned to New York in 1922, and has devoted his time 
largely to patriotic work, especially to the disclosure of sub- 
versive activities of Communists and others in this country. 
Never married. 

33. Alice Kathleen Hagood, born 8 October 1886; mar- 
ried 1 9 October 1910, Richard Dozier Lee, a lawyer and banker 

Hagood Line 1 19 

of Sumter, South Carolina. He died 18 June 1924, after which 
she moved to Charleston. They had two children, (1) Alice 
Hagood Lee born 1 August 1911, married 28 October 1936 
Henry Horlbeck Lowndes of Charleston, and has one son, 
Edward Frost Lowndes; (2) Richard Dozier Lee, Jr., who 
graduated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with 
the degree of Ph.D. He is now a Chemical Engineer with 
the DuPonts in Arkansas. Married 8 July 1943 Miss Jeane 
Ethel Davis. 

JOHNSON HAGOOD, No. 30 above, by his wife Jean 
Gordon Small, had issue as follows: 

34. Jean Gordon Hagood, born 10 November 1900 at 
Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, married 11 May 1921, James 
Lemuel Holloway, Jr., of Dallas, Texas, who was born 20 
June 1 898 j graduated U. S. Naval Academy 1918 and served 
in European waters. Had Atlantic and Pacific combat service 
during second World War. Commanded America's greatest 
battleship — the Iowa — in the final assaults on Japan and was 
promoted Rear Admiral. Received the Legion of Merit and 
other decorations. They have issue, (1) James L. Holloway 
III, born Charleston 23 February 1922 j graduated Naval 
Academy 1 942 j engaged in combat operations in Atlantic and 
Pacific 1942-45; married December 1942, Dabney Rawlings, 
daughter of Rear Admiral L. W. Rawlings, U. S. Navy; one 
son, James Lemuel Holloway IV. (2) Jean Gordon Holloway, 
born 11 March 1926, married February 1, 1946 Lieutenant 
Lawrence Heyworth, U. S. Navy. 

35. Alice Kathleen Hagood (Kitty), born Washington, 
D. C, 10 October 1906; died Omaha, Nebraska 8 October 
1932; married at Charleston 24 February 1927, E. Smythe 

120 Meet Your Grandfather 

Gambrell of Belton, S. C, who graduated South Carolina 
University and Harvard Law School. He served as a soldier 
in the Vosges and Meuse-Argonne, during the First World 
War. Is now a leading member of Atlanta Bar. They had issue 
(1) Robert Hagood Gambrell, born 18 December 1927; (2) 
David Henry Gambrell, born 20 December 1929; both now 
at college. (See Who's Who in America 1944-45.) 

36. JOHNSON HAGOOD, Jr., born Washington, D. C, 
18 July 1908; married 9 March 1932 Cora M. Thomas, 
daughter of George Thomas of Nashville, Tennessee, and Cora 
Sue Mayfield, his wife. They have one daughter, Cora Sue 
Hagood, born Fort Sam Houston, Texas, 15 April 1936. He 
was a sergeant in the Georgia National Guard, attended the 
Citadel, and graduated at West Point in 1931 ; entered Second 
World War as captain of Field Artillery, and advanced 
through grades to colonel, in each case because of demonstrated 
ability in the field. He was sent to assist the British immedi- 
ately after the first American landing in Africa, and Hagood's 
Battalion was the first American Heavy Artillery to engage 
the Germans. Later he commanded an Artillery Group of the 
Seventh Army. He was actively engaged in the European 
Theatre for three years and participated in seven major cam- 
paigns, up and including Bavaria. Was awarded the Legion 
of Merit, Bronze Star, Purple Heart (wounded in action) and 
the French Croix de Guerre. Now a member of the War De- 
partment General Staff. 

37. Francesca Hagood (Frenchy), born 15 November 
1917, while her father was in France. Married at San An- 
tonio, Texas, 28 December 1938, Ashley B. Packard, of 
Douglas, Arizona, who was born 2 1 August 1916, graduated at 
West Point 1938, and at the age of twenty-seven became a 
colonel in the Air Corps, commanding several large flying 

Hagood Line 121 

fields and training centers during the Second World War. She 
died November 21, 1945. 

Here ends the direct line of the Hagoodsj we now take up 
the Gordons, O'Hears, Aliens, Williamsons, and other collat- 
eral branches. 


38. THOMAS GORDON, Sr., was born of English 
parentage, in 1723. He married 9 July 1752, Anne Nelme of 
Saint Andrews Parish South Carolina, who died in 1760 leav- 
ing him with two small children. On January 14th 1765, he 
married Mary Hawkes by whom he had no issue. He died 1 1 
November 1765 and was buried in the Independent Church- 
yard on Meeting Street in Charleston. His surviving children 
were Thomas Gordon, Jr., and Ann Gordon, Jr., from whom 
we are descended. (See sketch, page 11.) 

39. Mary Gordon (nee Hawkes), second wife of Thomas 
Gordon, Sr., was born in 1720, died 27 September, 1792. (See 
sketch, page 16.) 

40. Thomas Gordon, Jr., born 15 July 1754, had the 
smallpox 22 February 1760. Commissioned in Continental 
Army 1777, promoted captain and served until end of war. 
Married April 1800, Grace Hall, widow of Captain Thomas 
Jervey, by whom he had no issue. (See sketch, page 14.) 

41. Elizabeth Gordon, "was born ye 18 August 1756 and 
departed this life Sept 12th 1756" (Gordon Bible). 

42. ANN GORDON, Jr., was born 28 November 1757 
and had the smallpox 22 February 1760. She married 10 

122 Meet Your Grandfather 

February 1774 James O'Hear. Died 29 June 1780. (See 
sketch, page 16.) 

The descendants of Ann Gordon, Jr., through her daughter 
Mary Ann Hagood, are the only living representatives of 
Thomas Gordon, Sr. 


43. JAMES O'HEAR, son of Hugh and Margaret 
O'Hear, was born 10 February 1750, married Ann Gordon, 
Jr., 10 February 1 774 j was a ship owner, merchant, and 
planter of Charleston. He accumulated a large fortune, own- 
ing plantations in South Carolina and Georgia, but met with 
reverses and, according to the Gordon Bible, died 14 April 
1813 "with a dropsy of the chest". (See sketch, page 20.) 

JAMES O'HEAR, by his wife Ann Gordon, Jr., had issue 
four children, Mary Ann, Warren Gates, and two others who 
died in infancy. 

44. MARY ANN O'HEAR, was born Friday 25 Novem- 
ber 1774 about three quarters after three o'clock in the after- 
noon, moon in the last quarter. She was baptised Sunday 1 
January 1775 by Reverend William Tennent, inoculated for 
smallpox 23 May 1780 and received it in a very mild degree. 
On 1 December 1 794 she married Johnson Hagood, Esq., of 
Charleston j died 27 March 1843, and was buried in the 
Hagood Burying Ground, Short Staple Plantation near Barn- 
well. (See sketch, page 31.) 

45. Warren Gates O'Hear, was born 1778, died 1805, 
without issue. 

Hagood Line 123 

Here ends the history of the O'Hears in so far as it is di- 
rectly connected with the Hagoods, but after the death of his 
first wife Ann Gordon, Jr., Mr. O'Hear married second Sarah 
Fabian of an old South Carolina family. The history of that 
branch has been deposited with the more complete papers in 
possession of the South Carolina Historical Society. 


4-6. SHERWOOD ALLEN, was of Irish (some say 
Scotch) extraction. He removed from Richmond, Virginia, to 
Augusta, Georgia, where he died and was buried in the Epis- 
copal Churchyard. His wife Mary Cargill, daughter of John 
Cargill, was of a family that settled in Edgefield County be- 
fore the Revolution. She married second Mr. W. Woodruff, 
an Englishman by whom she had no children. She died 2 
November 1823, and was buried in the old Baptist graveyard 
at Barnwell in the same tomb with her son John Cargill Allen. 
Stone still standing 1945. 

SHERWOOD ALLEN, by his wife Mary Cargill, had 
issue as follows: 

47. Orsamus D. Allen, born 1774, died 3 December 1847, 
married Harriet G. Duncan. His line terminated with one son, 
Joseph D. Allen who married Nancy Louise Myers, but had 
no children to reach maturity. Orsamus Allen was buried in 
the new Baptist churchyard in Barnwell, with his wife in the 
same tomb. Stone standing in 1945. (See sketch, page 72.) 

48. Sarah Allen, married Augusta, Georgia, 1794, Judge 
Richard Gantt of South Carolina, and died 17 November 1858. 
They had two sons, Thomas and Richard. Eliza Gantt, a 

124 Meet Your Grandfather 

granddaughter of Thomas, married Charles Drayton of Dray- 
ton Hall on the Ashley River. Lawrence Gantt, a great grand- 
son of Thomas is now (1944) on active duty with the army 
with the rank of colonel ; and Dr. Robert Gantt, another great 
grandson, is at the Charleston Medical College. Richard Gantt, 
Jr., the second son of Judge Gantt, married Louise Hay of 
Boiling Springs in Barnwell County and left many descend- 
ants. (For an account of Judge Richard Gantt, see O'NealPs 
Bench and Bar of South Carolina.} 

49. JOHN CARGILL ALLEN, born 1781} a distin- 
guished lawyer and a wealthy planter of Barnwell County; 
married Sarah Williamson, daughter of Dr. Vincent Peter 
Williamson of Edgefield County, and Elizabeth (White) 
Williamson his wife. He died in Barnwell 18 April 1824, and 
is buried in the old Baptist Graveyard, in the same tomb with 
his mother, Mary Woodruff. 

JOHN CARGILL ALLEN, by his wife Sarah Williamson, 
had no sons, but had seven daughters, the last of whom, 
Septima, died in infancy. He had a flare for giving his 
daughters names ending with the first letter of the alphabet 
and they were all very beautiful; in fact they were known as 
"The Six Beautiful Aliens". 

50. Carolina Allen, married Dr. Samuel Hamilton. 
Their only child married Dr. McNeil of Burbon County, Ala- 
bama, and left descendants in that state. 

51. Augusta Allen, born 1801; died 1877; married 
William Henry Smith of Smithfield plantation in Edgefield 
County, on the Savannah River. Her daughter Eliza Caroline 
married Dr. Thomas Woodward Hutson, of Cedar Grove 

Hagood Line 125 

Plantation in Beaufort County, who was a distinguished sur- 
geon in the Confederate Army, and a collateral descendant of 
Chancellor Richard Hutson (unmarried) the first Mayor, or 
Intendant, of Charleston. (O'Neall's Bench and Bar.) Another 
daughter, Marion Smith, married Henry M. Myers, who came 
to Barnwell from Tennessee. Mrs. Robert Hey ward (nee 
Florie Hutson) daughter of Dr. Hutson and Caroline Smith, 
assisted in the preparation of these papers. Among other de- 
scendants in Charleston, are Dr. Thomas Hutson Martin, and 
his son Captain Thomas Martin, Jr., a young West Point grad- 
uate killed on the battle front in France during the Second 
World War. 

52. Columbia Allen, married Edmund Bellinger, a prom- 
inent lawyer of South Carolina, and a lineal descendant of 
Landgrave Edmund Bellinger. Her son, Martin Bellinger, was 
regimental surgeon of Hagood's First South Carolina Volun- 
teers } a younger son, Eddie Bellinger was color bearer, and 
killed in the assault on Fort Harrison. A third son, S. N. Bell- 
inger was one of General Hagood's mounted couriers. Her 
daughter Eleanor Bellinger married Judge John Maher, of 
Barnwell j and another daughter Julia, married Mr. Walton 
Taft, a cotton broker of Charleston. The latter had two very 
beautiful daughters, Rosa Taft and Eleanor, and a son 
Augustus B. Taft, who married Mary Witsell (Muffle), sister 
of Corrie Witsell, who married first Farrar, and second W. A. 
Roebling, builder of the Brooklyn Bridge, the first great sus- 
pension bridge of the world. Muffle's son, Dr. Robert Taft, is 
now a noted surgeon and radium specialist in Charleston. 

53. INDIANA M. ALLEN, born 3 September 1810} 
married Dr. James O. Hagood } died 6 March 1877} and is 
buried in family Burying Ground, Short Staple. For issue see 
No. 18 above. 

126 Meet Your Grandfather 

54. Harrietta Allen, married Dr. R. C. Fowke of Barn- 
well and left descendants in South Carolina and Georgia, 
among them Laurie Cargill Fowke of Boiling Springs, and 
Dr. Julian Chisholm of Savannah. Daughters married Henry 
Dickenson of Allendale, Hewlett, Traynor, Johnson and 
Woodruff. Dr. Fowke died 1 June 1858; buried in old Baptist 
graveyard, and monument erected by Captain Joe Allen. His 
ancestor, Colonel Gerard Fowke, born in England, was a mem- 
ber of Virginia House of Burgesses in 1663, and left a long 
line of distinguished sons in Virginia and Maryland. 

55. Juliana Allen, married Morrison, and left de- 
scendants in Texas. Had one son, and daughters who married 
Gantt, Call, and McMarrough. 

The Allen family of our branch is now extinct, in the male 
line. But in the adjacent county of Edgefield there are a great 
many Aliens recorded in Chapman's History of that County, 
who have similar or identical names, so they must be related 
in some way. 


56. ELIZABETH WHITE, of Philadelphia, was said to 
be the daughter of the famous Bishop White, but her parent- 
age is not now known. She married William Williams, a young 
officer of the Fourth North Carolina Line, who was wounded 
at Germantown, Pennsylvania, 4th October 1777, and pre- 
sumably hospitalized in that vicinity. They had one son, 
William White Williams, born 8 September 1786, who mar- 
ried Martha Jeter, and left descendants in South Carolina. 
Among them was Luther White Williams, who married 

Hagood Line 127 

Zelieme Tobin (See page 139), and the Reverend George 
Croft Williams, now a professor at the University of South 
Carolina. Captain William Williams, afterwards Major, was 
an original member of the Cincinnati Society, and received 
a grant of three thousand acres of land together with a silver 
mounted sword for his Revolutionary service. He died 28 July 
1787, and a few months later his widow, Elizabeth, married 
Vincent P. Williamson, a family friend. (North Carolina State 

Peter), is shown in O'NealPs Bench and Bar, and in Chapman's 
History of Edgefield County, to have been "a distinguished 
physician and Revolutionary soldier" of Edgefield. According 
to family tradition, handed down for more than a century, he 
was a graduate of Edinburg University, and an officer of the 
Maryland Line in the same regiment with Major Williams 
above. But none of this can be substantiated at the present time; 
in fact the official records indicate the contrary. They do show, 
however (North Carolina State and Court), that he was living 
in Hillsboro, North Carolina, in February, 1790; and a short 
time after this (prior to June 1794), he moved to Edgefield 
taking with him his wife, Elizabeth, his little stepson, William, 
whose father died when he was only ten months old, and one 
or two children of his own. 

Dr. PETER WILLIAMSON, by his wife Elizabeth 
Williams, nee White, had issue as follows: 

58. SARAH WILLIAMSON, born in North Carolina 1 
October 1788, died in Barnwell 5 July 1855; and is buried 
there. She married John Cargill Allen (No. 49 above), and 
her daughter Indiana M. Allen (Hagood) was my grand- 

128 Meet Your Grandfather 

59. Henrietta Williamson, born ; died 13 

July 1824; married at Edgefield Court House, 28 May 1811, 
William D. Martin, who was elected to Congress in 1826, and 
later became a distinguished Judge of the South Carolina 
bench. He died in 1833, was buried on Archangel Michael 
Avenue, in the graveyard of St. Michael, on the south side of 
Broad Street, in Charleston, South Carolina. (For sketch of his 
life see O'Neall's Bench and Bar; also Congressional Direc- 
tory, and other biographical works.) 

60. Eugene Williamson, born in Edgefield; wandered 
away from home when very young, and was not heard of again 
until long after his parents and sisters had passed away. He 
finally returned to Barnwell as a very old and broken man, who 
sat by the fire in the home of his niece, and refused to say 
anything except "I am Eugene! I have come back!" But little 
by little it leaked out that he had married in the West, and that 
his entire family had been wiped out by Indians. The fact that 
he at all times wore a skull cap, was never seen without it, led 
some to believe that he, himself, had been scalped. 

The Williamson line is now extinct. 


Judge William D. Martin, by his wife Henrietta William- 
son, had issue as follows: 

61. William E. Martin, born ; married Eloise 

M. Hayne, granddaughter of Colonel Isaac Hayne, the Rev- 
olutionary martyr, and the aunt of Eloise Butler Hagood. He 
was a brigadier general of state troops before the war and com- 
manded a regiment in the Confederate Army. His son Vincent 
F. Martin was a Captain in Brooks' Battalion, and wrote a 
history of that unique organization. It was composed of for- 

Hagood Line 129 

eign merceneries, who had enlisted in the Northern Army, been 
captured by the Confederates, and subsequently attempted to 
murder their officers and escape. But their plans did not work 
out. Many of them were executed, and the remainder returned 
to prison.* 

There were two other sons of General Martin in the Con- 
federate service. 

62. John Vincent Martin (Vince), married Mary Har- 
riet Bostick. He was captain of Company "H", First (Ha- 
good's) South Carolina Volunteers. His son, Ben Martin, en- 
listed as a private in the same company, but later served as 
aide-de-camp to General Johnson Hagood. In that capacity he 
was wounded in the Battle of Weldon Road (See page 47), 
and was many times commended for gallantry. He and my 
father were devoted friends. Ben Martin, Jr., is now practicing 
law in Muskogee, Oklahoma ; and a brother, Maner Martin, 
is a professor at Clemson College. 

Vince Martin had another son, Elmore Martin, too young 
to go in the Confederate Army, who left descendants in 

63. Caroline Martin, married William Maner Bostick 
of Allendale. Their son William M. Bostick, Jr., was a great 
friend and business associate of my father. By a second mar- 
riage Mr. William M. Bostick, Sr., had a son William M. Bos- 
tick now living in Charleston. By his first wife Caroline Martin, 
he left many worthy descendants. 

64. Laura Martin, married John A. Elmore, and left 
descendants in Alabama. Among them were: (1) Colonel Vin- 
cent M. Elmore, U. S. Army, who served with me on Corregi- 

Snowden's History of South Carolina, and Hagood's Memoirs of the War of Secession. 

130 Meet Your Grandfather 

dor, and later during the First World War, won the Distin- 
guished Service Medal and a Silver Star citation, for operations 
in France ; (2) Brigadier General John A. Elmore, class of 
1924 U. S. Military Academy; and (3) Lieutenant Colonel 
Vincent M. Elmore, Jr., West Point Class of 1938; both in 
active service overseas during Second World War, and dec- 
orated for gallantry. 

Here ends the Hagood Line, in so far as is possible within 
the limitations of this work. 


JEAN GORDON SMALL, wife of the author, is de- 
scended on her mother's side from a long list of low country 
planters — rice and sea-island cotton — whose names are so well 
known in South Carolina, that they need no introduction from 
me. Suffice it to say that she is eligible to membership in The 
Colonial Dames through a dozen different lines (her mother 
was a member) ; and that General Francis Marion, South 
Carolina's most distinguished Revolutionary soldier, was her 
great-great-great granduncle. 


GABRIEL * MARION was a Huguenot living in France 
during the bigoted days of King Louis XIV. One afternoon 
while walking on the streets of his native city, he was rudely 
accosted by two officers of the Holy Inquisition, and handed 
the following letter. 

* From family tradition and Life of General Francis Marion by General Peter Horry of 
Marion's Brigade. Other authorities say that names are not all correct. 

Mitchells-Whaleys-Smalls 131 

"Your damnable heresy well deserves, even in this life, that 
purgation by fire that awfully awaits it in the next. But in con- 
sideration of your youth and worthy connexions, our mercy 
has condescended to commute your punishment to perpetual 
exile — You will therefore instantly prepare to quit your coun- 
try forever. For if after ten days from the date hereof, you 
should be found in any part of this kingdom, your miserable 
body shall be consumed by fire, and your impious ashes scat- 
tered to the winds of Heaven." 

(Signed) Pere Rochelle. 

The recipient of this missive lost no time in complying with 
its provisions. Taking with him his young bride, Louise 
D'Aubrey, he fled to South Carolina, where they bought a 
plantation on Goose Creek, near Charleston ; and there their 
ashes now rest in peace. 

GABRIEL MARION, Jr., son of above, married Charlotte 
Cordes and by her had six children, two of whom were Esther 
Marion and the famous Francis. The latter died without issue. 
But the former married first John Allstonj and second j 

THOMAS MITCHELL, by whom she left many worthy 


WILLIAM WHALEY, of Edisto Island, South Carolina, 
married Rachel Mitchell, great granddaughter of Esther 
Marion and Thomas Mitchell above, having many sons and 
daughters. One of these, Charlotte Cordes Whaley (called 
Charlie) married a Scotsman, James Hampden Small, Esq., 
and it was their daughter Jean Gordon Small who married 
Johnson Hagood, then a lieutenant in the army. 

132 Meet Your Grandfather 


The Small family comes from Montrose in Forfarshire, 
Scotland. The first of the name to be in this country was Doc- 
tor William Small, who was for a time Professor of Math- 
ematics and Philosophy at William and Mary College, 
Williamsburg, Virginia, where Thomas Jefferson was one of 
his pupils. Upon his return to Scotland, he became the close 
friend and advisor of James Watt, in the design and manu- 
facture of the steam engine. (See sketch, page 69.) 

1. DOCTOR ROBERT SMALL, brother of Dr. William 
Small above, was a distinguished mathematician, and wrote a 
treatise on Kepler's Laws which can be found in the Library 
of Congress in Washington, D. C. He married Agnes Reid of 
AfBeak Castle. His father had two wives, one a Guthrie of 
Gagie, and the other a Scrymgeour of Tealing. His grand- 
father had several wives, one a Miss Duncan — very beautiful, 
one a Miss Wylie Nolanside, and one a Miss Stuart Perth. His 
great grandfather had only one wife! — a Miss Anne Straton, 
described in an old letter as "a lady of high degree", who was 
related to the Northesk family and the Kirkshire Stratons. A 
piece of lace from Anne's wedding pillow has been preserved, 
and was given to the youngest bride in the family at that time, 
Charlie Whaley Small. 

2. JAMES SMALL, son of Dr. Robert Small and Agnes 
Reid, above, lived on his estate Tilly Nhanknd, Alberlemno 
Parish, and had three wives, the last of whom was Rosa Scott 
of Craigie. 

3. STRACHAN THOMAS SMALL, son of James Small 
and Rosa Scott, his wife, was born at Montrose, Forfarshire, 
Scotland, 26 December 1815, but lived at Blackheath, near 
London. He married 22 September 1847, Jane Gordon, 

Mitchells-Whaleys-Smalls 133 

daughter of William Gordon of Montrose, and Jane McKay 
his wife. He ran away from home and went to sea. He became 
a midshipman in the East India Service of the British Mer- 
chant Marine, and eventually a partner of Sir Donald Currie 
in the ownership and operation of the Castle Line. 

Shortly after his marriage, he fitted up a cabin on his ship 
for his wife to take a trip with him around the world, which 
was something of an adventure before the days of steam. He 
had built for her and installed in the cabin, a very beautiful 
and artistic little piano, which was afterwards given to their 
daughter-in-law, Charlie Small, and brought to Charleston. 
After one of his last trips to the Far East 1850-51, he brought 
back some valuable Chinese relics, saved from the sacking of 
the Summer Palace, which are still in the family. We also have 
part of a very complete porcelain service, originally many 
dozen pieces, made in Scotland for Mr. William Gordon. It 
is in the Ivy Leaf pattern — the badge of the Gordons. 

Mr. Small died at Blackheath 11 August 1889, and was 
buried at Charleton Cemetery, Greenwich. He was a personal 
friend of Lord Alfred Tennyson, who presented him with an 
autographed copy of his poems. 

4. JAMES HAMPDEN SMALL, only child of Strachan 
Thomas Small and Jane Gordon, his wife, was born in Ramsay 
House on Castle Street, Montrose, 4th June 1850, while his 
father was at sea. He was baptized 1 9 June same year at 
Arbroath, Forfarshire, St. Mary's Episcopal Chapel j and a 
great deal of Mr. Small's diary of this period is filled with 
speculations and plans for the boy's future. He was educated 
at Dreghorn School and the University of Scotland. He mar- 
ried in Charleston, South Carolina, 12 June 1877 at St. 
Michael's Church, Charlotte Cordes Whaley, daughter of 
William Whaley and Rachel Mitchell, his wife. For forty- 

134 Meet Your Grandfather 

seven years he was a conspicuous figure in shipping circles of 
Charleston. He represented Lloyd and Company, British 
Marine Insurance, and was at one time the British Consul. 

He was a great lover of nature and devoted much of his 
time to outdoor sports. He had rowed for the Kingston Club 
at Henley, and was one of the organizers of the Yacht Club 
in Charleston. He was a great man with the rod and gun. He 
knew the location of every covey of partridges on the coast, 
and friends said that he could remember every individual bird 
out of the thousand or more that he had shot during the past 
forty years. He had come to America in search of big game, 
and was eventually bound for Africa, when he met his future 
wife in Charleston. He died 9 December 1925, and was buried 
in Magnolia Cemetery. He was at that time President of the 
Saint George's Society. 

JAMES H. SMALL, by his wife Charlotte Cordes Whaley, 
had issue as follows: 

5. Charlotte Agnes Small (Chubbie), born 30 March 
1878, at 113 Canning Street Liverpool, England; married 
31 October 1906, Lieutenant Charles E. N. Howard, later 
colonel, U. S. Army. They had two sons, (1) Charles E. N. 
Howard, Jr. (Budge), who graduated at West Point 1931, 
was a major of field artillery on Bataan and captured by the 
Japanese. Upon being released he was promoted to lieutenant 
colonel and awarded the Purple Heart with other decorations. 
(2) The other son is James Hampden Howard, U. S. Naval 
Academy, 1930, and now a captain in the Navy. He had a 
great deal of active service in the Western Pacific, and re- 
ceived the Silver Star for gallantry in action. Budge married 
Betty Welty, daughter of Colonel M. D. Welty, U. S. A., 

Mitchells-Whaleys-Smalls 135 

and has two children, Sallie and Charlotte. James (called Pat) 
married Phylis Hammond (Cici), daughter of Captain Ham- 
mond, U. S. N., and has two children — Linda and James 
Hampden Howard, Jr. 

6. JANE GORDON SMALL (called Jean or Jeanie), 
born 14 June 1879; married 14 December 1899 Lieutenant 
Johnson Hagood, U. S. Army (now major general). For issue 
see page 117. 

7. James Hampden Small, born 14 November 1880; 
married 9 January 1905; Mary Linn of Schenectady, N. Y.j 
graduated Union College as a Civil Engineer. Served as a 
major in the Construction Corps, U. S. Army during the First 
World War. No children. 

8. Rachel Mitchell Small (Daisy), born 27 July 
1886; married 10 March 1910, George Christian Logan of 
Charleston, graduate U. S. Naval Academy and now a Cap- 
tain in the Navy. He had active service both in the first and 
Second World Wars. They have one daughter, Christian Alice 
(Boots) who married Benjamin Wright and has two sons, 
Richard and George. 

9. Katherine Gerda Small (Queenie), born 2 June 
1888; married (1) Victor Radbone, an Englishman, and had 
a son James killed while flying with British Royal Air Force 
during second World War; married (2) Wayne Coe of Port- 
land, Oregon, had one son, Henry, now (1945) in U. S. Army 
overseas, and one daughter, Charlotte Cordes Coe. Queenie 
died in 1942. 

10. Esther Marion Small (Marie), born 15 January 
1890; married 12 November 1917, Robert Bentham Simons of 
Charleston, a graduate U. S. Naval Academy, now Captain in 
the Navy serving overseas. He had active service in the North 

136 Meet Your Grandfather 

Sea during the First World War, and was in command of a 
warship in Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack. They have 
two children, Robert B. Simons, Jr., who served as a lieutenant 
Medical Corps, U. S. Naval Reserve, during the Second 
World War j and Esther Marion — very attractive. 

11. Robert Scott Small, born 20 May 1891; died 23 
February 1 93 1 ; married Louise Johnson of Charleston. He 
entered the Bank of Charleston as a boy, and became its Pres- 
ident at the age of thirty-two. He then expanded it into The 
South Carolina National Bank with branches all over the State, 
and came to be recognized as one of the soundest bankers in 
the South. He was killed in an automobile accident when forty 
years old, and was widely mourned. He left four children. ( 1 ) 
Robert Small, Jr., who married Sallie Tyler, and has a son 
Robert and a daughter Sallie j (2) Oscar Johnson Small, now 
a reserve lieutenant in the U. S. Army Air Corps; (3) James 
Hampden Small ; and (4) Charlotte Whaley Small. 

12. George Gordon Small, born 15 July 1892; died 4 
September 1923; married Orie Walker of Charleston, and 
had three sons; (1) Gordon Small, Jr., who left the bank to 
serve as Second Officer on a hospital ship bringing back 
wounded from overseas. He married Betty Sovacool and has 
two children, Betty and Gordon; (2) James; and (3) Walker, 
now (1945) overseas with the Navy. Orie Walker married 
second Captain C. S. DeForest of Charleston. 

13. Arthur Huger Small (Tony), born 14 July 1897; 
entered the Navy during the First World War; remained in 
the regular service until he attained the grade of lieutenant 
commander, and then resigned to go into the bank with his 
brother Robert, where he became a vice-president. He married 
June Waterbury of Montana, and has two daughters, Jane 
and Charlotte. 

Mitchells-Whaleys-Smalls 137 

Here ends our immediate branch of the Mitchells, the 
Whaleys, and the Smalls. But there are many others worthy 
of note, both at home and abroad. They include soldiers, 
sailors, and men of distinction in the civil pursuits, both in 
the United States and in Great Britain, past and present. 


The Tobin family is one of great antiquity. The name was 
originally French and is still found in the vicinity of Nantes. 
A number of Tobins went over to England at the time of 
William the Conqueror, and later took up lands in Tipperary 
and Kilkenny Counties in Ireland, where they have lived ever 
since. Much about the family can be found in d' Alton's Irish 
History, O'Hart's Irish Pedigrees, and other similar works. 
But the family is now scattered all over the world, and we have 
no authentic knowledge of our particular antecedents prior to 
my great-great grandfather Cornelius Tobin. 

1. CORNELIUS TOBIN, emigrated from Kilkenny 
County, Ireland, and settled in Barnwell District, South Caro- 
lina, between the years 1785 and 1790. He left behind his 
wife, Judith, and two sons, John, and Daniel from whom we 
are descended. But a few years later he went back and got 
them. He accumulated property to the amount of about a 
million dollars according to present day values, and died on 
his plantation near the present sight of Blackville in about 
1831-32. (See sketch, page 82.) 

He had issue: 

2. John Tobin, eldest son of Cornelius Tobin and Judith 
his wife, was born in Ireland, and came to this country as a 
boy about the year 1800. He later moved to Arkansas, where 
he left descendants. 

3. DANIEL TOBIN, born in Ireland 1783, came to this 
country when he was about seventeen years old; married Agnes 
Lartigue, daughter of Gerard Lartigue, a French refugee from 

[ 138] 

Tobin Line 139 

Santo Domingo, and Anne Grace, his wife, a Georgia girl, 
whose family was said to be from Virginia. They lived on his 
plantation near Barnwell. He died 22 November 1849, and 
was buried in the Baptist graveyard. (Sketch, page 85.) 

4. Cornelius Tobin, Jr., a natural son of Cornelius Tobin, 
Sr. His father made provision for him in his will, and he 
married Miss Duncan of a Barnwell family, leaving many 
worthy descendants. 

DANIEL TOBIN, No. 3 above, by his wife Agnes Lar- 
tigue, had issue as follows: 

5. Cornelia Tobin, born 28 January 1818; died 16 Oc- 
tober 1859; married Dr. Benjamin Peeples of Barnwell 
County, and had (1) a daughter Anna Lartigue Peeples who 
married Charles Stewart, a family connection, and moved to 
Navasto, Texas; (2) a son Dr. Henry M. Peeples, who mar- 
ried Laura Brown of Barnwell, and had a daughter Mamie 
Peeples, who married William Morrow of Waco Texas. She 
contributed to the preparation of these papers. 

6. JOHN ETIENNE TOBIN, born 9 December 1821; 
died 28 December 1868; married 26 August 1846 Sarah 
Eugenia Owens, daughter of Captain John A. Owens and 
Mary Overstreet, his wife. For issue see below. (Sketch, page 

7. Ellen Lartigue Tobin, born 22 August 1823; mar- 
ried Rev. Peyton G. Bowman, and left descendants in South 
Carolina. They had a son Dr. Peyton G. Bowman, who prac- 
ticed medicine in Birmingham, Alabama, and died there. 

8. Mary Zelieme Tobin, born 15 October 1827; died at 
Aiken 21 December 1899. She married Luther White 

140 Meet Your Grandfather 

Williams, grandson of Captain Williams of the North Caro- 
lina Line, from whose widow (by Dr. Williamson) we arc 
descended on the Hagood side. Luther Williams, by his wife 
Zelieme Tobin, had no sons, but had five daughters to whom 
we are related from both sides. They are Mrs. J. E. Durr, 
Mrs. J. B. Mathews, Mrs. J. N. Armstrong, Mrs. Humphrey 
Graves, and Miss Pattie Williams, never married. 

9. Daniel Isidore Tobin, born 11 September 1 830 ^ went 
to Texas about 1853 ; married a Spanish lady, Senorita 
Nevarro, daughter of a former Governor of the Mexican 
Province from which Texas was formed. He died in Texas and 
left descendants. (See Texas Tobins, page 153.) 

10. William Girard Tobin, born 21 May 1833; died in 
July 18 83 j married in Texas and left many worthy descend- 
ants. Was in the Confederate Army. (See Texas Tobins, page 

1 1. Agnes Elizabeth Tobin, married (1) Cooper Hughes, 
son of Judge William Hughes of Georgia, (2) Charles 
Hughes, brother of Cooper, and left many descendants in 
South Carolina and Georgia. William Hughes, a third brother, 
married Susan Hagood, daughter of Gideon (See No. 7 
page 1 10.) 

JOHN ETIENNE TOBIN, No. 6 above, by his wife 
Sarah Owens has issue as follows: 

12. Isidore Lartigue Tobin, born 4 August 1874; mar- 
ried 1 July 1874 Harriet Sheldonia Allen (no relation); died 
5 December 1909, and is buried at Swallow Savannah near 
Allendale. (See sketch, page 102.) For issue see below. 

13. John Etienne Tobin, born 1 September 1849; died 
in Texas without issue. Was a Confederate soldier. 

Tobin Line 141 

14. KATHLEEN ROSA TOBIN, born 18 August 1851 ; 
married first Lee Hagood 14 December 1871 ; second Dr. 
William M. Lester 3 March 1893; died 18 October 1914 and 
was buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Columbia. (See sketch, 
page 99.) For issue see Hagood. 

15. Edwin Girard Tobin, born Blackville 18 June 1855; 
died Orangeburg County prior to 1890; married Mary 
Morgon Connor of Connors. Had two daughters, Kate un- 
married in 1944, and Edna, who married Colonel Archie 
Buyers, U. S. Army, by whom she had two sons, (1) John 
Francis, graduate West Point 1943, Corps of Engineers, now 
with American Forces in Burma; and (2) Archie Girard, grad- 
uate of Haverford College, and with the Navy. 

16. Benjamin Shannon Tobin, died in infancy. 

17. Alice Maud Tobin, born 26 June 1859; married 
Norman Henry Bull of Orangeburg, son of Norman Austin 
Bull, who came to Orangeburg from Connecticut. Died 10 
May 1927. For issue see below. 

18. Jesse Louise Tobin, died in infancy. 

19. Elizabeth May Tobin (Bessie), born on the planta- 
tion 4 May 1865; married 11 April 1895 Warren Montague 
of Allendale, and has issue ( 1 ) Lyman, born 24 May 1 896 and 
served overseas in First World War; (2) Therese Labatut, 
born 19 August 1899. Bessie lived in New York and was an 
active member of the Manhattan Chapter Daughters American 
Revolution. She was an author and poet. 

Isidore Lartigue Tobin, No. 12 above, by his wife Har- 
riet Allen, had issue as follows: 

20. Sarah Owens Tobin (Sallie), born 20 May 1878; 
married Augustus T. Allen (no relation) of Allendale, and 

142 Meet Your Grandfather 

had issue Augustus, Jr., and Dorothy Grace, who married 
Roger Heyward of a South Carolina family. They live in 

21. Isidore Lartigue Tobin, Jr., born 31 May 1882; 
married 12 April 1908, Edith Barnwell, daughter of Mr. 
Henry Barnwell, a descendant of Vice-Admiral John Barnwell 
of the Colonial Navy. They live in Florence, South Carolina 
and have two children — Lartigue and Edith. 

22. Agnes Zelieme Tobin, born 14 May 1885; Married 
W. C. Mauldin of Hampton, South Carolina, and has one 
son Wilder H. Mauldin, who served overseas with the Engi- 
neers of Patton's Third Army. 

23. John Etienne Tobin, born 14 August 1886; married 
28 April 1918, Rose Merritt, daughter of a Methodist min- 
ister. He was Judge of the Probate Court in Allendale for 
thirteen years. Has one daughter, Harriet; and two sons (1) 
Etienne who has had distinguished service and decorations 
overseas in the Second World War; and (2) Merritt who 
served as a soldier in the United States. 

24. Sheldonia Tobin, born 28 July 1889; called Shelly, 
is unmarried; and a member of The United Daughters of 
the Confederacy. 

25. Flora McDonald Tobin, born 20 July 1892; mar- 
ried James Mclver Riley of Allendale, who served overseas 
as a lieutenant of infantry (commanding a company) and was 
wounded in action, during the First World War. They have 
two sons; (1) Mclver, who married Miss Caro Forbes, of 
Philadelphia, and is now (1945) a lieutenant in the Navy, and 
participated in the Invasion of France; (2) Lartigue aged 
eighteen, left college to join the Navy in Western Pacific. 

Tobin Line 143 

26. Emily Lartigue Tobin, born 18 September 1894; 
married Julian Wolfe, now District Attorney in Orangeburg. 
They have one daughter, Emily — very attractive. 

Alice Maud Tobin, No. 1 7 above, by her husband Norman 
H. Bull, had issue as follows: 

27. Leela Kate Bull, born Columbia, South Carolina, 
29 October, 1882; married 1 June 1907, Edward H. Mclver, 
grandson of Chief Justice Mclver of South Carolina, and a 
prominent businessman of Charleston. 

28. Ada Lartigue Bull (called Dot), born in Orange- 
burg 29 January 1885; married Frederick Cabell of Danville, 
Virginia, and lives in Orangeburg. Her daughter Dorothy mar- 
ried Nathaniel Heyward Robb, of Columbia, where they re- 

29. Norman Austin Bull, born in Orangeburg 1 Decem- 
ber 1886; and lives on Sullivans Island, Charleston Harbor. 


30. GERARD LARTIGUE, born 1766; died 3 July 1818. 
He was a native of Bordeaux, France. He, or his parents be- 
fore him, emigrated to Santo Domingo, in the West Indies, 
where the Lartigues belonged to the colony of wealthy French 
and Creole Planters. His first wife, Madame de LaPorte, was 
a young and very rich widow, who was enslaved and then 
murdered during the general massacre of the whites in the 
Slave Rebellion of 1791-92. Gerard, after being several times 

144 Meet Your Grandfather 

wounded, escaped to the United States and settled in Augusta, 
Georgia. He married, second, Anne Grace, a Georgia girl, 
whose parents were said to have been from Virginia. He died 
in Augusta, and was buried there. (See sketch, page 87.) 

His wife, Anne, was born in 1777, and died 31 May, 1830. 

They had issue as follows: 

31. AGNES LARTIGUE, born in 1800; died 14 Novem- 
ber 18 57 j married Daniel Tobin; buried in the old Baptist 
Graveyard in Barnwell. Stone still standing, 1944. For issue 
see page 139.) 

32. Jaque Etienne Lartigue, born 20 October 1801; 
died 12 March 1860; married first Pamela O'Bannon; second 
Elizabeth Adrianna Bull Stewart, daughter of Charles Stewart, 
a barrister of London; third Mrs. Catherine Chapman, nee 
Carroll. For issue see below. 

33. Lucretia Lartigue, married Mr. Graham. 

34. Isidore Lartigue, married first Jane H. Lawton; 
second Adelle Gillison; third Claudia Chapman. For issue see 

35. Rosanna Lartigue, born 1808; died 21 March 1874; 
married George Odom, a planter of Barnwell County, and left 

Jaque Etienne Lartigue, No. 32 above, had issue only 
by his wife Elizabeth Adrianna Bull Stewart, as follows: 

36. Gerard Bull Lartigue, born 10 April 1829; died 
May 1898; married Clio Turner, and had a daughter Annie 
(married Weller Rothrock and lived in Blackville). He was 
a major and Quartermaster in Hagood's Brigade, and after- 

Tobin Line 145 

wards practiced medicine in Blackville. He was largely re- 
sponsible for preserving the traditions and facts about his 
grandfather Gerard Lartigue. 

37. Anna Lartigue, married Wesley W. Culler, a planter 
of Orangeburg. They had no children, but adopted Annie 
Culler, a niece, and daughter of James Culler below. She 
married Irving Zimmerman, also a planter of Orangeburg 
County, near St. Matthews. 

38. Charles E. Lartigue, attended the Citadel, served in 
the Confederate Army, married Mary C. Salley of South Car- 
olina, removed from Blackville to Orlando, Florida. Left four 
sons — Etienne, Louis, Charles and Ralph. Died 1904. 

39. Lucia Lartigue, married James Culler, a planter 
of Orangeburg, brother of Wesley, and left descendants. 

Isidore Lartigue (No. 34 above), by his wife Jane 
Lawton, had issue as follows: 

40. Frances Julia Lartigue, called Fannie, born 1842, 
married Edward Carroll, and lived in Summerville, South 
Carolina. She greatly assisted in preserving the history and 
traditions of the Lartigues. Her granddaughter Mrs. L. B. 
McCabe (nee Carroll) lives in Charleston. 

41. Katherine Ann Lartigue, married James M. 
Gregoriej her granddaughter married Dr. Franklin Sams of 

Isidore Lartigue, by his second wife, Adele Gillison, 

42. Adele Lartigue, married Roger Pinckney; left sev- 
eral daughters, and one son Roger who lives in Beaufort. 

43. Cornelia Lartigue, married Joseph Beck of Walter- 

146 Meet Your Grandfather 

44. Eugene Lartigue, married Melvira Jones and lived 
in Texas. They had two sons and three daughters. Eugene, 
Jr., married and was living in California in 1927. The other 
son died in youth. Josiphene, whom I knew in the Hawaiian 
Islands, married Alfred N. Campbell, a businessman in Hon- 
olulu, where they had a very beautiful mountain home over- 
looking the city, two thousand feet below, but only twenty 
minutes distant by the well-graded highway. Josiphene was, 
for many years, interested in preserving the scenic beauty of 
the countryside. She hated billboards. And selecting certain 
nationally known commodities that were advertised in that 
way, she instituted a systematic boycott against them, one at 
a time. Having knocked out one she would take up another, 
until finally, at the end of fifteen years there was not a bill- 
board in the Islands. It was hard to get a start, but she picked 
out the most conspicuous boards first, notified the manufac- 
turers and jobbers that there would be a drop in sales, and 
advised them to watch their competitors who were advertising 
in other ways. 

Isidore Lartigue, by his third wife, Claudia Chapman, 

45. Claudia Lartigue, married Fishburne and left de- 
scendants in South Carolina. Her son Dr. Charles G. Fish- 
burne was living in Darien, Georgia, in 1936. 

46. Emma Lartigue, unmarried, was a trained nurse, one 
of the first in South Carolina. For many years she lived with 
my mother in Columbia, after my father died. 

We must go back now to my grandmother, Sarah E. Tobin, 
who was an Owens. 

Tobin Line 147 


47. SOLOMON OWENS, was a large land owner in Barn- 
well County. In his will filed October 1818, he mentions his 
wife, Margaret, his sons William and John, who were his 
executors, one other son and three daughters. By a comparison 
of signatures we know him to be the father of William Owens 

48. WILLIAM OWENS, born ; died 1835; owned 

several plantations, a large number of negroes, and other prop- 
erty in the Southwest section of Barnwell County where the 
village of Fairfax now stands; also a large plantation in Prince 
William's Parish, Beaufort County, between Jackson's Branch 
and Cawcaw Swamp. This he gave to his son John A. Owens, 
who predeceased him and from whom we are descended. By 
his will, filed in Barnwell, he left property to the following 
children; (1 ) Mary Owens who married Leroy Allen and had 
a daughter, Laura, who married Doctor John S. Stoney of 
Allendale; (2) Edmund Owens; (3) James G. Owens, who 
married Eliza Overstreet and left many descendants. Among 
these were Jack Owens and Henry Hartzog of Allendale; 
Harry Calhoun and Zadie Simms of Barnwell; Leon Boineau 
of Beaufort. 

Henry Hartzog, in early life, was principal of the Allen- 
dale High School. Later he became President of Clemson Col- 
lege, President of the University of Arkansas, author of text- 
books used in the public schools, and a lecturer on the public 
platform. Zaidee Simms married Captain Boyd Cole, a Citadel 
graduate and National Guard officer from Barnwell during 
the First World War, and later a colonel in the Regular Army. 
Leon Boineau graduated at West Point in 1918, and served as 
a colonel during the second World War. 

148 Meet Your Grandfather 

49. CAPTAIN JOHN A. OWENS, born 20 December 
1791; married Mary Overstreet (sister of Eliza above) 
daughter of Congressman James Overstreet, Jr., of South Car- 
olina. He lived on his plantation in Prince William Parish 
that he had received from his father, and died there 1 2 Decem- 
ber 1831. He was buried at Owens Cross Roads, now Fairfax, 
where the stone was standing in 1921. 

CAPTAIN JOHN A. OWENS, by his wife Mary Over- 
street, had issue: 

50. Edwin Owens. 

51. William Aiken Owens, born on the plantation in 
Beaufort County 14 September 1822; died in Barnwell 20 
December 1859. He was a prominent member of the Barn- 
well Bar; a colonel of the South Carolina militia, on the staff 
of Governor William Aiken; and at the time of his death, a 
candidate for Congress. He married Frances Corley, sister of 
Colonel James Lawrence Corley, a West Point graduate, and 
Commissary General in the Confederate Army. Their children 
were: Clarence, Arthur, Edward, Eugene. Clinton, and Eva 
who never married. (See sketch of Colonel Owens, page 95.) 

52. SARAH EUGENIA OWENS, born 29 January 1827; 
married General John E. Tobin; died 16 January 1894, and 
was buried at Swallow Savannah, near Allendale. For issue see 
Tobin Genealogy. 

Tobin Line 149 


53. JOHN BOOTH, was my grandfather seven genera- 
tions back. He came to Granville County, South Carolina, from 
Virginia, with his wife Mary and his daughter Sarah, and 
served as a soldier in Colonel Harden's regiment of Colonial 
Militia during the Revolution. While operating with a body 
of picked men against a band of Tories under Captain Mott, 
he was killed at Hutson's Ferry and was buried there in his 
blanket (1779). An account of this incident is given in The 
Memoirs of Tarleton Brown, a captain in the Continental 
Army, and a family connection j also indicated in the Records 
of the U. S. Pension Office. Sarah Booth married James Over- 

The descendants of John Booth and others in Barnwell 
County have organized a John Booth Chapter of The Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, and placed a chair to his 
memory in Continental Hall in Washington. It was given in 
the name of Sarah E. Tobin, my grandmother, and his great- 
great granddaughter. 


54. JAMES OVERSTREET, Sr., who married Sarah 
Booth, above, was of a family that came down from Virginia 
as pioneers about fifty years before the Revolution, and were 
granted lands in the Briar Creek Section of Screven Count}', 
Georgia, bordering on the Savannah River. Some members 
of the family moved back and forth across the river into old 
Granville County for two or three generations ; and then went 
back to Georgia for good. 

150 Meet Your Grandfather 

Grandfather Overstreet died 16 January 1781, and it is 
a family tradition that he was killed in battle, or wiped out 
in the general massacre of civilians by Tories near Salley's 
Cowpens in the fork of the Edisto River; but no confirmation 
of this can be had. He was survived by his wife Sarah, four 
sons and two daughters ; perhaps others. 

55. SARAH OVERSTREET, born 10 December 1756; 
died 24 December 1818 ; must have been a woman of extra- 
ordinary character. Her father, John Booth, had come from 
Virginia, to clear up lands on the edge of the Savannah River 
Swamp when she was quite young. She married James Over- 
street, above, when still in her teens, and less than ten years 
later was left a widow with six small children, maybe more. 
Their struggle for existence during the remaining years of the 
Revolution, in a wilderness overrun by Tories, is graphically 
described by Tarleton Brown. But she held her own against 
all odds, and during the succeeding years of her widowhood, 
developed the lands (original grants) that she had received 
from her mother, and her husband; added to them, and by the 
judicious purchase of negroes, farm buildings, implements of 
husbandry, Etc, she was at the time of her death possessed of 
considerable property. This she distributed among her chil- 
dren, her grandchildren, and her friends. Among the bequests 
in her will, was a half-acre plot to be taken out of her mother's 
original grant, for pepetual use as a family Burying Ground. 
She herself was buried there, and the stone is still standing. 

JAMES OVERSTREET, Sr., by his wife Sarah Booth 
(No. 55 above), had issue as follows: 

56. James Overstreet, Jr., born in Barnwell District 1 1 
February 1773; died China Grove, N. C, 24 May 1822, 

Tobin Line 151 

where he was buried. (Stone standing in 1925.) He was a 
planter, but also practiced law, and held several offices, in- 
cluding Justice of the Peace, as was the custom among planters 
of those times because of the negroes. He was an honorary 
member of the Clariosophic Society of the South Carolina 
College in 1816, and in 1819 was elected to Congress. Re- 
elected in 1821, he was taken suddenly ill while driving home 
from Washington in his gig, and died. Congress passed a reso- 
lution lamenting his death, adjourned for twenty-four hours, 
and the members wore crepe on their sleeves for thirty days. 
He married Eliza Bowen (born 13 April 1773; died 6 
September 1817), who was the daughter of Ann Holcomb 
Bowen, and the granddaughter of the widow Katherine Hol- 
comb, who married Bartlett Brown, Sr., as indicated below. 
They were survived by four children, of whom Mary and 
Eliza, married John and James Owens respectively. (Brothers 
married sisters.) We are descended from Mary; and our Cal- 
houn, Simms, and Hartzog, kin from Eliza. (See Owens Gen- 

Congressman Overstreet had a second wife, Agnes Maria, 
by whom he left descendants, but of whom we have no material 
knowledge at this time. His brothers and sisters were as 

57. Samuel Overstreet, married Cynthia Causey - y died 
in 1813. They had one son, Samuel Overstreet, Jr., who mar- 
ried Margaret Kinchley and moved from Barnwell to Screven 
County, Georgia in 1852. The Honorable James Whetstone 
Overstreet, a member of Congress from that District in 1921, 
was his grandson. Cynthia Causey Overstreet married second 
Louis O'Bannon of Barnwell, and by him left descendants. 

58. Henry Overstreet, moved to Georgia. 

59. John Overstreet, moved to Georgia. 

152 Meet Your Grandfather 

60. Mary Overstreet, married Johnson and left descend- 
ants in Savannah. 

61. A daughter who married Brown and left two sons, 
Charles J. Brown and Josiah Brown, mentioned in Sarah Over- 
street's will. 


62. BARTLETT BROWN, Sr., born in Virginia 1735; 
died in Barnwell County about 1784. He was a handsome old 
gentleman and from an old portrait, he could well have been 
taken to be a Lord Mayor of London, or perhaps Chief Jus- 
tice. His eyes and brow show him to have been a man of high 
intellect and good common sense, his coat shows him to be a 
man of poise and dignity. He was a planter of Albermarle 
County, Virginia, who at some time before 1769, pulled up 
stakes, and moved with his family and slaves to Mathew's 
Bluff, on the Savannah River. He served as a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War, and was the uncle of the famous Tarleton 
Brown, a Captain in the Continental Army. Before coming 
to South Carolina, he married in Virginia, 1754, Katherine 
Holcomb, a widow (born 1735) from whom we are descended 
by her first husband. By her second husband, Bartlett Brown, 
she had six sons — Bartlett Brown, Jr., Benjamin Brown, John 
Brown, James Brown, William Brown and Joseph Brown. 

63. Bartlett Brown, Jr., born 15 January 1755; served 
as a soldier in the Revolution; died 6 December 1822; and 
is buried at Bull Pond. He married Patience Overstreet, who 
according to family tradition was closely related to our ancestor 
Congressman Overstreet, most likely his father's sister. Sarah 
Overstreet indicates in her will that there was some very close 

The Texas Tobins 153 

relationship, which we have been unable to fathom, between 
herself and the Browns. Bartlett Brown's son Major Jabez 
Brown was the guardian of Congressman Overstrcet's grand- 
daughter, Sarah Owens. He and his wife Ann Trotti, raised 
the little Sarah as their own child. They had an adopted 
daughter, Emma Brown, of about the same age as Sarah, and 
both children called the Major's brothers and sisters "uncle" 
and "aunt". Thus as time went on the younger generations 
continued to call the Brown connections Uncle This and 
Cousin That, without having any definite idea as to how we 
were related. It was very much the same on the Hagood side. 
During my boyhood, we counted pretty much the whole of 
Barnwell County as our kin. But the war took away our slaves. 
The plantations were gone. And the people, deprived of their 
livelihood, had to go in for the learned professions and com- 
mercial pursuits. Outsiders drifted in. And now the country is 
populated by strangers. 


The Tobins who went to Texas fared much better than 
those who stayed at home. Not because Sherman by-passed 
Texas on his March to the Sea, not because the Texans did not 
lose their slaves and plantations ; but because Texas, in addi- 
tion to its size, is the greatest state in the Union, as a state. 
Other states have larger cities. Other cities have larger plants. 
But in its agriculture, in its oil, in the diversity of its indus- 
tries, in the spread of its prosperity, and in all that goes with 
that, the Lone Star State surpasses them all. 

The Texas Tobins shared in this. And while we of South 
Carolina look to the glories of the past, our kin in Texas look 
to the present and future. 

154 Meet Your Grandfather 

In San Antonio, the home of Edgar Tobin is comparable 
to the handsomest "cottages" I have known in Newport, and is 
much more of a place in which to live. The house is modern in 
every sense of the word. It contains every convenience and 
luxury known to modern science. But it is not pretentious, and 
its architectural design is restful to the eye. Its perfectly kept 
lawns 5 its trees and flowers, make an ideal setting for its stables, 
its tennis courts, and its swimming pool, around which on sum- 
mer afternoons, his friends who do not care to swim, are served 
with drinks. The Tobin place with its spacious grounds and 
hedges occupy the better part of a city block. 

San Antonio is filled with Tobins, but the Tobin name is 
almost gone. In the list below I have selected just a few,* as 
representatives of the several branches, with whom I was 
most intimate when I was living there. 

1. Daniel Isidore Tobin, was the son of Daniel Tobin of 
Kilkenny Plantation, Barnwell County, S. C, by his wife 
Agnes Lartigue, and was my grandfather's brother. He was 
born on the plantation 1 1 September 1830; and went to Texas 
about 1853. He married Senorita Nevarro, daughter of a 
former Governor of the Mexican province from which the 
state of Texas was formed, and died there before the war. 

2. William Girard Tobin, born in Barnwell County 21 
May 1833; died in Texas July 1883. He went to Texas with 
his brother Daniel, and married there in 1853, Josephine 
Smith, whose father John W. Smith, was the last and only sur- 
viving messenger sent out from The Alamo, to get help. He 
succeeded in passing through the Mexican lines, but before the 
help could arrive, the entire garrison had been massacred. 
Smith became the first Mayor of San Antonio and served for 

* A complete list of the Texas Tobins down to include the fourth generation, as fur- 
nished by Colonel Tobin Rote, has been filed with the South Carolina Historical Society. 

The Texas Tobins 155 

ttn years, 1837-1847. Tobin served in some command capacity 
during the Cortinas War; and in 1860 was appointed brigadier 
general in the Texas State Troops by his friend Governor Sam 
Houston. In the Confederate War he served as a captain in 
Duff's Regiment. 

William Girard Tobin, by his wife Josephine Smith had 
three sons and seven daughters, who left descendants in San 
Antonio and vicinity. Among these were: 

3. Zelieme Tobin, born 1855} died 1911} married John 
Fraser, one of their daughters, Clara, married Frank Lewis 
a prominent businessman, now living in San Antonio. They 
had a daughter Clara who married Dan Chandler, U. S. Army. 
She was a nationally known golf champion, very beautiful and 
very charming. 

4. Mary Ellen Tobin, born 1860; died 1917; married 
James M. Vance. Their daughter, Mary Vance, married A. B. 
Spencer, a big lumber man whose interests extended all over 
the southwest and into Mexico. He died in 1941, and his two 
sons Alex and Milton now carry on the business. He was a 
member of the Cincinnati Society of the State of Virginia. 

5. Ella Tobin, born 1863; died 1918; married James 
Carr. Their daughter Lucie, one of the most beautiful mem- 
bers of the Tobin family, married Charles Armstrong who 
operated a large ranch in south Texas, not far from San An- 
tonio. He was a noted polo player, a great sportsman, and a 
generous host. Lucie also owned good dogs and was a fine shot. 

6. William Girard Tobin, Jr., born 1865; died 1925; 
had a son Edgar Tobin, mentioned above, who was a famous 
aviator during the First World War. He was awarded the 

156 Meet Your Grandfather 

Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in ac- 
tion, attacking a superior force, and bringing down single 
handed two enemy planes and disabling a third. He went into 
civil aviation after the war, invented and operated a method of 
locating oil fields by geologic surveys from the air. This 
method is widely used now and netted him a fortune. 

7. John W. Tobin, born 1867} was Chief of the San 
Antonio Fire Department, Alderman, County Treasurer, 
Sheriff, and Mayor, of San Antonio over a period of thirty 
years. One of the most beloved men in the city, and died in 
office, 1927. 

8. Josephine Tobin, born 1868; married W. P. Rote. 
Their son Tobin Rote served during the First World War as 
lieutenant Texas National Guard. He was awarded the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in action — 
single-handed capture of a machine gun nest. Now colonel 
U. S. Army. 


Aiken, Governor William 96 

Alamo, The 154 

Aldrich, Judge Alfred 97 

Colonel Robert 98 

Allen Branch 123 

Allen, Augusta, tn. Smith 124 

Augustus T 141 

Augustus, Jr 142 

Carolina, tn. Hamilton 124 

Columbia, tn. Bellinger 125 

Dorothy, m. Hey ward 142 

Harriet S., m. Tobin 103, 

140, 141 

Harrietta, tn. Fowke 126 

Indiana M., tn. Hagood . .9, 37, 

114, 125, 127 

John C 9, 37, 72, 114, 

123, 124, 127 

Capt. Joseph D sketch 72; 

123, 126 

Capt. Joe's dog sketch 77 

Juliana, tn. Morrison 126 

Laura, tn. Stoney 147 

Leroy 147 

Orsamus D 78, 123 

Sarah, tn. Gantt 123 

Septima 1 24 

Sherwood 9, 10, 123 

Aliens of Edgefield 126 

Allston, John 131 

Ambler, Adaline, tn. Hagood ....29, 110 

James 29, 110 

Ambler, Major James H 29, 109, 110 

Anderson, Mrs. C. C 112 

Armstrong, Charles 155 

Mrs. J. N 140 

Baker, Mrs. Charles (Emmie) 112 

Barnwell County, populated by strang- 
ers 153 

Barnwell, Edith, tn. Tobin 142 

Henry 142 

Vice Admiral John 142 

Hon. Joseph 41 

Barnwell People, Newspaper 95 

Barrett, Elizabeth, tn. Hagood 113 

Bates, General John C 115 

Bateman, S. D 112 

Beaumont, Comtesse de 87 

Beauregard, praises Hagood 49, 67 

Beck, Joseph 145 

Bellinger, Charles 110 

Clifford 110 

Ensign Edmund 63, 64, 125 

Landgrave Edmund 125 

Bellinger — (Continued) 

Eleanor, in. Mahcr 12i 

Julia, tn. Taft 125 

Doctor Martin 114, 125 

S. N 125 

Black Swamp, plantation it 95 

Boineau, Colonel Lec.n 14" 

Booth Branch 14') 

Booth, John 79, 149 

Chapter D. A. R. . . . 149 

Mrs. Mary 14') 

Sarah, m. Overstreet 79, 149, 150 

Bostick, Mary H., m. Martin 129 

William Maner 129 

William M., Jr 129 

William M. Ill 129 

Boulton, Mathew, monument to Small 

70, 71 

Bowen, Eliza, tn. Overstreet 151 

Bowman, Rev. Peyton G 139 

Dr. Peyton G., Jr 139 

Bratton's Brigade 61 

Brooks' Battalion 1 2S 

Brown Connections 1 >2 

Brown, Barney 78 

Bartlett, Sr 151, sketch 1 52 

Bartlett, Jr 152 

Benjamin 1 52 

Charles J 1 ^2 

Emma 153 

Major Jabcz 95, 153 

James 1^2 

John 152 

Joseph 1 ^2 

Josiah 1^2 

Laura, tn. Pecples 139 

Captain Tarleton 149, 150, 152 

William 152 

Buchanan, President aids Hampton. .. 96 

Bull, Ada Lartigue, m. Cabell 14' 

Leela Kate, tn. Mclver 143 

Norman Austin 141 

Norman Austin, Jr 143 

Norman H 141, 14* 

Bullock, Governor 116 

Martha, tn. Roosevelt 116 

Burckmycr, Carrie 110 

Burying Ground, Hagood .... 18, 38, 

44, 67, 114, US, 122, 125 

Lartigue 91 

Overstreet 150 

Others, see graveyard 

Bushy-head, Indian Chief 58 

Butler, Andrew Pickens, Judge... 56, 115 

Behethland Foote 52, 54-56 




Butler — (Continued) 

Eloise, tn. Hagood 52, S3, 115 

Eloise, tn. Bushyhead 58 

James L 58 

Mathew C, Senator 42 

William, Capt. and Maj.-Gen. 

54, 55 

Buyers, Colonel Archie 141 

Archie G. I 141 

Captain John F 141 

Cabell, Dorothy, tn. Robb 143 

Frederick 143 

Caledonian Canal, suggested by Dr. 

Small 70 

Calhoun, Harry 147 

Calhoun kin 151 

Campbell, Alfred N 146 

Alfred N., Mrs 91, 146 

Mrs. Elizabeth, tn. Hagood .... Ill 
Cargill, John 123 

Mary, tn. (1) Allen, (2) Wood- 
ruff 9, 123 

Carpetbaggers 49-51 

Carr, James 155 

Carr, Lucie, tn. Armstrong 155 

Carroll, Edward 145 

Castle Line 133 

Causey, Cynthia, tn. (1) Overstreet, 

(2) O'Bannon 151 

Cedars, The, Allen Home 52 

Description by N. Y. Editor. ... 75 
Cemetery, see Graveyard 

Chandler, Capt. Dan 155 

Chaplin, Major Saxby 112 

Chapman, Mrs. Catherine, tn. Lartigue 144 

Claudia, tn. Lartigue 144, 146 

Chiles, Garland Ill 

Chisholm, Dr. Julian 126 

Cincinnati Society ...14, 118, 127, 155 

Citadel, The 39, 45, 60, 102, 

112, 118, 120 

Clariosophic Society 151 

Clarissa, negro slave 18, 33 

Clark, Emma, tn. Oakman 115 

Eva Turner, wrong as to Ha- 

goods 30 

Coe, Charlotte Cordes 135 

Henry 135 

Wayne 135 

Coles, Colonel Boyd 147 

Collier's Weekly 117 

Connor, Mary M 141 

Continental Hall 149 

Cooper, Lucrctia, tn. Hagood 110 

Cordes, Charlotte, tn. Marion 131 

Corlcy, Frances, tn. Owens 97, 148 

Colonel James 97, 148 

Corry, Fanny, tn. Means 115 

Crawford, James Ill 

Creed, Elizabeth, tn. Hawkwood .... 26 

Crown of Italy, military order 118 

Culler, Annie, tn. Zimmerman 145 

James 145 

Wesley 145 

Currie, Sir Donald 133 

D'Abrantis, Duchesse 87, 88 

Daddy Morris, old negro slave 116 

Dailey, D. B 49 

Colonel George 49 

Darwin, Erasmus, epitaph to Small. . . 71 

D'Aubrey, Louise, tn. Marion 131 

Davis, Jeane E., tn. Lee 119 

Mrs. U. W 112 

Dean, Ann, tn. Fabian 22 

DeForest, Captain C. S 136 

De LaPorte, Madame, tn. Lartigue. . 143 

De Loach, Samuel Ill 

Diamond, Jim 63 

Dickinson, Henry 126 

Distinguished Service Cross 156 

Service Medal 117, 130 

Drayton, Charles 124 

Duncan, Hansford 78 

Harriet, m. Allen 72, 73, 123 

Miss, tn. Small 132 

Miss, tn. Tobin 84 

Dunwoody, Caroline I., tn. Savage... 116 

Reverend James 116 

Durr, Mrs. J. E 140 

Dwyer, Mary 83 

Elmore, John A 129 

Brig. Gen. John A., Jr 130 

Colonel Vincent M 129 

Lieut. Col. Vincent M., Jr 130 

Estes, Rev. Elliott Ill 

Euphradian Society 92 

Fabian, Joseph 22 

Peter 22 

Sarah, tn. O'Hear 22, 123 

Fairfax (Owens Cross Roads) ...95, 147 

Fid, monument to 78 

Fishburne, Dr. Charles G 146 

George 112 

Forbes, Caro, tn. Riley 142 

Fort Sumter 45 

Fowke, Colonel Gerard 126 

Laurie 126 

Misses, tn. Hewlett, Johnson, 

Traynor, Woodruff 126 

Doctor, R. C 126 

Franklin, Benjamin, praises Small... 70 

Fraser, Ann, tn. Hay 112 

Clara, tn. Lewis 155 

John 155 

Joseph 112 

Sophia, tn. McDonald 10, 112 



Freeman Douglass, praises Hagood... 46 

Fuller, Caroline, tn. O'Hear 23 

Gambrell, David Henry 120 

E. Smythe 120 

Robert Hagood 120 

Gantt, Eliza, tn. Drayton 123 

Colonel Lawrence 124 

Miss, m. Morrison 126 

Judge Richard 123 

Richard, Jr 123, 124 

Doctor Robert 124 

Thomas 123 

Gillison, Adelle, tn. Lartigue. . . . 144, 145 

Girard, Steven 89 

Gordon Branch 121 

Bible 10, 11, 112 

Gordon, Ann, Jr., tn. O'Hear . .9, 13, 

17, 20, 109, 121, 122 

Elizabeth 121 

Jane, tn. Small 132 

Thomas, Sr 9, 10, sketch 1 1 ; 121 

Thomas, Jr., Capt., 13, sketch 14; 121 

Thomas, Lieut. Col. Foot Guards 1 1 

William 133 

Gordons, The sketch 10 

Grace, Anne, tn. Lartigue. .90, 91, 

139, 144 

Captain William 90 

Graham, Winchester 97 

Graves, Mrs. Humphrey 140 


Barnwell 52, 86, 123, 124, 126 

Blackville 94 

Charleton, Eng 133 

Elmwood 141 

Augusta 123 

Independent, Charleston 121 

Magnolia 1 34 

Swallow Savannah 106, 140, 148 

St. Michael 128 

Others, see Burying Ground 

Green, General Nathaniel 53 

Gregorie, James M 145 

Guthrie, of Gagie 132 

Hagood, Alice, tn. Means 115 

Alice Kathleen, tn. Gambrell... 119 

Alice Kathleen, tn. Lee 118 

Amanda Ill 

Ann Eliza 109 

Ann Eliza, tn. Oakman . . . . 1 1 3, 115 

Ann O'Hear, issue Ill 

Anne, tn. Burckmyer 110 

Augusta, C 116 

Bates 114 

Colonel Ben j amin 29, 1 1 

Caroline Gordon, tn. Witsell ... 112 

Cora Sue 120 

Hagood — (Continued) 

Earl V 113 

Earl V., Jr 114 

Edwin Augustus, Sr 113 

Edwin Augustus, Jr 114 

Eliza, tn. Chiles Ill 

Eliza Ann, tn. Odom 110 

Ella Rosa 116 

Ellen, tn. Richardson 113 

Elvira, tn. (1) McPhcrson, (2) 

Estes Ill 

Emily, tn. Oakman 113 

Emma, tn. McPherson Ill 

Francesca, tn. Packard 120 

George (also Hogwood) 26 

Gertrude, tn. Bellinger 110 

Gideon 110, 111 

Gideon Johnson 110 

Gideon, Mrs. of Georgia Ill 

Gordon 117 

Harriet Ill 

Harriet M., tn. (1) Fraser, (2) 

Schmidt 112 

Holly, tn. Ray Ill 

Indiana Caroline, tn. Dunwoody 116 

Irene, tn. Robinson 110 

Isabelle, tn. Oakman 110, 113 

James, d. 1829 110 

James, d. 1882 118 

James M 29 

James O'Hear, Dr., 8, 9, sketch 

36; 114, 125 
James Robert, Col., 39, 41, 43, 

56, sketch 60; 117 
Jean Gordon, Jr., tn. Holloway 

12, 119 

John Ill 

John Adrian 115 

John W Ill 

Johnson, Esq., 7, 9, 18, sketch 

31; 33, 35, 109, 111, 122 
Johnson, Brig. Gen., also Gov- 
ernor, 10, 11, sketch 45; 53, 115 

Johnson, Maj. Gen 9, 79, 

117, 119, 131, 135 

Johnson, Jr., Colonel 9, 120 

Johnson, of Barnwell (b. 1897) 

10, 115 

Julia, tn. Bellinger 110 

Julia, daughter of Gideon Ill 

Lee, Col., 9, sketch 39; 79, 99, 

116, 117, 141 

Lee, Major 118 

Mary Eloise 117 

Monroe Johnson, Lieut. Col.... 114 

Pickens, Butler 115 

Randolph or Randall 29, 109 



Hagood — (Continued) 

Rebecca, m. Hagood (no rela- 
tion) 29, 109 

Richard 110 

Robert H. (1797-1825) 7, 112 

Robert H., Confederate soldier. 114 
Sarah Ann, m. Oakman ...113, 115 
Sarah M., m. Oakman ....110, 113 

Susan, m. Ambler 29, 110 

Susan, m. Hughes Ill, 140 

Thomas B 114 

Thomas Gideon Ill 

Tirza, m. (1) Crawford (2) de- 
Loach Ill 

William, 9, sketch 28, also 

Haguewood 109 

William, of N. C, no relation. 30 

William H., Doctor 110, 113 

William H., Confederate soldier 114 

William Johnson 7, 113 

Yonge Johnson Ill 

Hagood Burying Ground .... 18, 38, 

44, 67, 114, 115, 122, 125 
Hagood Line, Diagram 9, Genealogy. 109 
Hagood pronounced Haguewood .... 27 

Hagood, variations in Spelling 26 

Hagoods, The, sketches 26, 28 

Hagood's Brigade, 46-49; monument 

49; 144 

Mill Pond 37, 100 

Regiment ...45, 60, 114, 125, 129 
Haguewood (see Hagood) 
Hall, Grace, m. (1) Jervey (2) Gor- 
don 121 

Hammond, Captain U. S. Navy .... 135 

Pliylis, m. Howard 135 

Hamilton, Dr. Samuel 124 

Hampton, General Wade, 114, Gov- 
ernor 51, Red Shirts 42 

Hanahan, William 112 

Harden's Regiment 149 

Harper, Robert Goodloe..32, 33, 55, 109 

Hartzog, Henry 147 

Hartzog, Kin 151 

Harvard, Mrs. Pearle, nee Hagood.. 114 
Hawkes, Mary, m. Gordon... 13, 16, 121 

Hawkwood, Francis 26 

Sir John 26 

Hay, Eroledine, m. Bateman 112 

Eugene Gordon 113 

Dr. Lewis Scott 112 

Louise, m. Gantt 124 

Hayes, President, supports Hampton. . 51 
Haygood, see Hagood 

Hayne, Eloise M., m. Martin 128 

Harriet, m. Butler 56, 115 

Colonel Isaac 57, 128 

Hewlett, m. Miss Fowke 126 

Hey ward, Mrs. Robert 72, 125 

Heyward, Roger 142 

Heyworth, Lieutenant Lawrence .... 119 

Hoge, J. M 113 

Hogwood, George (also Hagood) ... 26 

Holcomb, Ann, m. Bowen 151 

Mrs. Katherine, m. Brown.. 151, 152 

Hollman, Florie, m. Hagood 115 

Holloway, Admiral James L., Jr. .12, 119 

James L. Ill 119 

James L. IV 119 

Jean G., m. Heyworth 119 

Hooke, James 113 

Horry, General Peter 130 

Houston, Governor Sam 155 

Howard, Charles E. N., Colonel .... 134 

C. E. N., Jr., Lieut. Col 134 

Charlotte 135 

James Hampden, Capt., U S. N. 134 

James Hampden, Jr 135 

Linda 135 

Sallie 135 

Hughes, Charles 140 

Cooper 140 

William 110 

Judge William 140 

William, Jr 140 

Hutson, Florie, m. Heyward 72, 125 

Chancellor Richard 125 

Dr. Thomas Woodward 124 

Hutson's Ferry 149 

Indian Kin 58 

Jake, negro convict 105 

Jefferson, Thomas, praises Small.. 69, 

70, 132 

Jenkins' Brigade 61 

Jenkins, General Micah 39 

Jervey, Mrs. Grace Hall, m. Gordon. 14 

Captain Thomas 14, 121 

Jeter, m. Williams 126 

Jodan, Ann 91 

Jones, Melvira, m. Lartigue 146 

Johnson, Louise, m. Small 136 

Johnson, Sarah, m. Hagood.. 28, 30, 109 

Juliet, negro slave 18, 33 

Junot, Madame 87, 88 

Marechal 87 

Kershaw, Rev. John 40 

Kershaw's Brigade 46 

Kilkenny County, Ireland 80, 82 

Kilkenny Plantation, S. C. ...80, 82, 85 

Kinchley, Margaret, m. Overstreet . . . 151 

Kosciusko, General 53 

L'Abatut, Madame 88, 90 

Raymond 90 

L'Abatuts in Santo Domingo 87-90 



Lallemand, General Charles 88, 89 

General Henri 89 

Baronne Caroline Lartigue. . .87, 88 

LaPorte Heights 90 

Madame de 88, 89 

LaPortcs in Santo Domingo 87-90 

Lartigue Branch 143 

Lartigue, Adelle, tn. Pinckney 145 

Agnes, tn. Tobin . . . .79, 85, 86, 

91, 138, 139, 144, 154 

Anna, tn. Culler 145 

Annie, tn. Rothrock 144 

Caroline, tn Lallemand ....87, 88 

Charles E 91, 145 

Charles, Jr 145 

Claudia, tn. Fishburne 146 

Cornelia, tn. Beck 145 

Emma 146 

Etienne 91 

Etienne, Jr 145 

Eugene 146 

Eugene, Jr 146 

Frances, tn. Carroll 145 

Gerard, 79, 85, sketch 87; 138, 

143, 144 

Gerard Bull 144 

Isidore 91, 144, 145, 146 

Jaque Etienne 91, 144 

Josiphene, tn. Campbell 91, 146 

Katherine, tn. Gregorie 145 

Louis 145 

Lucia, tn. Culler 145 

Lucretia, tn. Graham 144 

Madame 88, 89 

Ralph 145 

Roberjo 88 

Rosanna, tn. Odom 144 

Lartigues in Santo Domingo 87-90 

Latimer, Rev. Robert S 116 

Lawton, Jane H., tn. Lartigue. . . .91, 

144, 145 

Sarah (nee Jaudon) 91 

Brooks Ill 

Lee, Alice Hagood, tn. Lowndes .... 119 

General Henry 54 

Richard Dozier 118 

Richard Dozier, Jr 119 

General R. E., praises Hagood 
49; tribute to Jim Hagood 

60, 65-67 

Lee's Lieutenants 46 

Legare, Anna, tn. O'Hear 23 

John Berwick 23 

Legion d'Honeur 117 

of Merit 119, 120 

Lester, Dr. William M 99, 141 

Lewis, Mrs. Alberta 26 

Clara, tn. Chandler 155 

Frank 155 

Linn, Mary, tn. Small 135 

Logan, Christian, tn. Wright 135 

Logan, Captain George C, U. S. N. . . 135 

Longstreet, General 67 

Lowndes, Edward Frost, Jr 119 

Henry, Horlbeck 119 

Lucas, Betty, tn. Hanahan 112 

Buist 112 

McCabe, Mrs. (nee Carroll) 145 

McDonald, George 112 

Sophia, nee Fraser 10, 112 

Mclvcr, Chief Justice 143 

Edward 143 

McKay, Jane, tn. Gordon 133 

McMarrough, tn. Miss Morrison .... 126 

McNeil, Dr 124 

McPherson, General John Ill 

Maher, Judge John 97, 125 

Marion Branch 130 

Esther, m. (1) Allston, (2) Mit- 
chell 131 

General Francis 1 30 

Gabriel 130 

Gabriel, Jr 131 

Martin Branch 128 

Martin, Annie, tn. Hagood 110 

Lieutenant Ben 129 

Ben, Jr 129 

Caroline, tn. Bostick 129 

Mrs. Chlotilde 72 

Elmore 129 

Capt. John Vincent 129 

Laura, tn. Elmore 129 

Maner 129 

Dr. Thomas H 125 

Capt. Thomas, Jr 125 

Capt. Vincent F 128 

Judge William D 128 

General William E 128 

Mathews, Mrs. J. B 140 

Mauldin, Mrs. Thomas J 29 

Washington C 142 

Wilder H 142 

Mayfield, Cora S 120 

Means, Alice 116 

Caroline, tn. Latimer 116 

David H 115 

David H., Jr Hi 

Frances Corry 1 

Hagood, Jr 116 

Capt. Isaac H 115 

Gov. James H 115 

James Hagood 116 

Margaret 116 

Marie C, tn. Miller 116 

Memoir of the Great War 117 



Memoirs of Hagood's Brigade 46 

of Col. J. R. Hagood 64 

of Tarleton Brown 149 

Merritt, Rose, tn. Tobin 142 

Miller, Pinckney 116 

Millions for Defense, Etc 32, 109 

Minnie Perry, race horse 52 

Mitchell, Rachel, m. Whaley 131 

Thomas 131 

Mixon, Frank 65 

Montague, Lyman 141 

Therese 141 

Warren 141 

Moore, Behethland, m. Butler .... 52-56 

Morrison, Miss, m. Call 126 

Morrow, William 139 

Mott, British Tory 149 

Mount Zion Society 21 

Mum Anne, old negro slave 116 

Myers, Henry M 125 

Nancy Louise, m. Allen . . . .74, 123 

Naval Academy 119, 134, 135 

Neilson, Elizabeth 83 

John 83 

Nelme, Ann, tn. Gordon 10, 

12, 13, 16, 121 

Nevarro, Governor 140, 154 

Senorita, m. Tobin 140, 154 

Neyle, Charles 112 

Noblesse de France 87 

Nolanside, Miss Wylie, tn. Small ... 132 

Oakman, Clarence 110 

Clark 115 

Clifford 110, 113 

Eloise 115 

Dr. Erwin H 113, 115 

Erwin H., Jr 115 

Octavius 113 

Dr. Robert Harper 113 

Rutherford 110, 113 

Thadeus 112, 113 

Wellington 113 

William H 113, 115 

Violet 115 

O'Bannon, Louis 151 

Pamela, tn. Lartigue 144 

Odom, Allen 110 

George 144 

O'Hair, see O'Hear 

O'Hara, see O'Hear 

O'Hare, see O'Hear 

O'Hear Branch 122 

O'Hear, Ann, tn. Hagood . . . .7-10, 

17, 18, 20, 109, 111, 122 

Catherine 23 

Hugh 9, 19, 20, 122 

James, 9, 10, 17, sketch 20; 

21, 22, 109, 122, 123 

O'Hear — (Continued) 

James II 23 

James III, Major 23 

John Sanders, sketch 23 

Margaret 20, 122 

Mary Legare 22, 23, 25 

Warren Gates 20, 122 

O'Hears, The, sketch 19 

Oliver, negro convict 105 

O'Neal, Bench and Bar of S. C, 34, 

55, 124, 125, 127, 128 

Overstreet Branch 149 

Overstreet, Mrs Agnes Maria 151 

Eliza, tn. Owens 147, 151 

Henry 151 

James, Sr 79, 149, 150 

James, Jr., Congressman. .. .79, 

95, 148, ISO, 152 

James W., Congressman 151 

John 151 

Mary, tn. Owens... 79, 95, 139, 

148, 151 

Mary, tn. Johnson 152 

Miss, tn. Brown 152 

Patience, tn. Brown 152 

Samuel 151 

Samuel, Jr 151 

Sarah 79, 149, 150 

Owens Branch 147 

Owens, Arthur 97, 148 

Clarence 148 

Clinton 148 

Edmund 147 

Edward 97, 148 

Edwin 148 

Eugene 97, 148 

Eva 97, 99, 148 

Jack 147 

James G 147, 151 

John 147 

John A., Capt 79, 95, 

139, 147-8, 151 

Mrs. Margaret 147 

Marv, tn. Allen 147 

Sarah E., tn. Tobin ... .79, 92, 

95, 139, 140, 148, 153 

Solomon 79, 147 

William 79, 147 

William A., Col sketch 95; 148 

Owens Cross Roads (Fairfax) . .95, 148 

Packard, Col. Ashley B 120 

Parish, Prince William's 95, 147 

others 11, 19, 23, 24 

Peeples, Anna L., tn. Stewart 1 39 

Dr. Ben 139 

Rev. Darling 83 

Dr. Henry M 139 

Mamie, tn. Morrow 139 



Perth, Miss Stuart, m. Small 132 

Perry, Gov. Benjamin 97 

Petersburg, Va 46, 47 

Pinckney, Charles Cotcsworth. . . . 32, 109 

Roger 145 

Roger, Jr 145 

Plantation, Kilkenny 80, 82, 85 

Short Staple 18, 34, 109, 

113, 114, 125 

Tobin 42, 82, 85, 92 

Others 20, 23, 34, 37, 

53, 73, 124, 131, 147, 148 

Poinsett's Tavern 12 

Purple Heart 115, 120, 134 

Radbone, James 135 

Victor 135 

Rawdon, Lord 53 

Rawlings, Dabney, m. Holloway. . . . 119 

Admiral, L. W 119 

Ray, Mathew Ill 

Rees, Dr. Charles 112 

Frances, m. Simonds 112 

Reid, Agnes, m. Small 132 

Reminiscences of a Private 65 

Revolution, Santo Domingo 88-91 

Reynolds Place (Tobin) 83 

Richardson, Thomas 113 

Riley, James Mclver 142 

Lartigue 142 

Mclver, Jr 142 

Robb, Nathaniel Heyward 143 

Robertson, Mrs. E. H 112 

Roebling, W. A 125 

Roosevelt, Theodore, Sr 116 

Theodore, Jr., President 116 

Rote, Colonel Tobin 154, 156 

W. P 156 

Rothrock, Weller 144 

Round O, plantation at 34 

Sacred Treasure, Japanese Order ... 118 

St. George's Society 134 

St. Michael's Church 12, 14 

Salley, Mary C, m. Lartigue 145 

Saluda Old Town, sketch 53 

Sams, Annie, m. Hagood 114 

Dr. Franklin 145 

Sanders, John 113 

Saturday Evening Post 117 

Savage, Charles A 116 

Henry Elliott 116 

Marion A 116 

Samuel 54 

Schmidt, Eveleen, m. Oakman ..112, 113 

John T 112 

Scott, Rosa, m. Small 132 

Scrymgeour of Tealing 132 

Services of Supply 117 

Sherman, General W. T 37, 92, 101 

Sherwood, Gen. Hagood's home .... 52 
Short Staple (sec plantation) 

Silver Star Citation 115, 130, 134 

Simonds, John, Jr 112 

Simons, Esther Marion, Jr. 136 

Capt. Robert B., U. S. N 135 

Lt. Robert B., Jr , U. S. N. R. . 1 36 

Simms kin 151 

Zaidee, m. Cole 147 

Sisson Papers, out of Russia 118 

Slave Rebellion, Santo Domingo. 88, 89 

Small Branch 132 

Small, Arthur Huger 136 

Betty, Jr 136 

Charlotte (daughter of Tony).. 136 
Charlotte A., m. Howard .... 134 

Charlotte Whaley 136 

Esther Marion, m. Simons 135 

George Gordon 136 

Gordon, Jr 136 

Gordon III 136 

James of Tilly Nhanknd 132 

James Hampden, Esq. (b. 1850) 

117, 131, 133, 134 

James H., Jr., Major 135 

James, son of Gordon 136 

James H. Ill 136 

Jane 136 

Jean Gordon, m. Hagood.... 9, 

117, 119, 130, 131, 135 
Katherine, m. (1) Radbone, (2) 

Coe 135 

Oscar Johnson 136 

Rachel, m. Logan 135 

Doctor Robert sketch 69; 132 

Robert Scott 136 

Robert Scott, Jr 136 

Robert III 136 

Sallie 136 

Strachen Thomas 132 

Thomas 69 

Walker ' 136 

Doctor William sketch 69; 132 

Smallpox inoculation, Rector St. Mi- 
chael's preaches against 17 

Smith, Eliza C, m. Hutson 124 

Josephine, m. Tobin 154 

Marion, m. Myers 125 

Mayor John W., Alamo hero ... 1 54 

William Henry 124 

Soldiers Handbook 117 

South Carolina Society. .. .12, 14, 21, 34 

Sovacool, Betty, m. Small 136 

Spencer, Alex 155 

J. B 1- 

Milton 155 

Stewart, Adrianna, m. Lartigue 144 

Charles 139 

Charles, Barrister 144 



Stoddard, Lothrop 88 

Stoney, Dr. John S 147 

Straton, Anne, m. Small 132 

Sun Dial, Allen, in Barnwell 72 

Taft, Augustus B 125 

Eleanor 125 

Dr. Robert 125 

Rosa 125 

Walton 125 

Tennyson, Lord Alfred 133 

Thomas, Cora, m. Hagood 9, 120 

George 120 

Thompson, Governor Hugh S 42 

Tobin, Agnes E., m. Hughes 140 

Agnes Zelieme, m. Mauldin .... 142 

Alice M., m. Bull 141, 143 

Benjamin S 141 

Caty, in Ireland 83 

Cornelia, m. Peeples 139 

Cornelius 79, sketch 82; 138 

Cornelius, Jr 83, 139 

Daniel 79, 82, 83, sketch 85; 

138, 139, 144, 154 

Daniel Isidore 140, 154 

Edgar 154, 155 

Edith, Jr 142 

Edna, m. Buyers 141 

Edwin G. (Bubber Eddie) . . .93, 141 
Elizabeth M., m. Montague .... 141 

Ella, m. Carr 155 

Ellen Lartigue, m. Bowman ... 139 

Emily Lartigue, m. Wolfe 143 

Flora McDonald, m. Riley .... 142 

Fred, of Malvern Hill 81 

Harriet 142 

Col. I. L sketch 102; 140, 141 

Isidore L., Jr 142 

Jesse Louise 141 

John 82, 138 

Gen. John E 79, sketch 92; 

139, 140, 148 

John Etienne, Jr 140 

John Etienne, Judge 142 

Etienne IV 142 

John W., Mayor San Antonio.. 156 

Josephine, m. Rote 156 

Judith, Mrs 82, 83, 138 

Kathleen R., m. (1) Hagood, 
(2) Lester, 9, 42, 79, 93, 

sketch 99; 117, 141 

Lartigue 142 

Mary, in Ireland 83 

Mary Ellen, m. Vance 155 

Mary Zelieme, m. Williams .... 139 

Merritt 142 

Sallie, m. Allen 141 

Sarah E., Continental Hall .... 149 

Sheldonia 142 

Gen. William Girard 140, 154-5 

Tobin — (Continued) 

William Girard, Jr 155 

Col. William H 80 

Zelieme, m. Fraser 155 

Zelieme, m. Williams 127 

Tobin Line, Diagram, 9; Genealogy. 138 

Tobins, The, sketch 80 

in France 80 

in Ireland 80 

in South Carolina 80 

in Texas 153 

Trinity River 89 

Trotti, m. Brown 153 

Tufts, Mrs. Ruth 113 

Turner, Clio, m. Lartigue ......... 144 

Tyler, Sallie, m. Small 136 

Vance, James M 155 

Mary, m. Spencer 155 

Van Buren, David 113 

Wagner, Battery 46 

Walker, Miss Anna 78 

Orie, m. (1) Small, (2) De- 
Forest 136 

Walthal Junction 47 

Waterbury, June, m. Small 136 

Watt, James, assisted by Small ..70, 132 

We Can Defend America 117 

Weldon Road 47-49 

Welty, Betty, m. Howard 134 

Colonel M.D 134 

West Point... 96, 97, 117, 120, 125, 

130, 134, 141, 147 
Whaley, Charlotte C, m. Small. .117, 

131, 133 

William 131 

White, Bishop 126 

Elizabeth, m. (1) Williams, (2) 

Williamson 126 

Who's Who in America 27, 118, 120 

Wiles, Miss Polly 54 

William and Mary College 69, 132 

Williams, Rev. George Croft 127 

Luther White 85, 126, 139 

Miss Pattie 140 

William, Capt. (Major) 126, 140 

William White 126 

Williamson Branch 126 

Eugene 128 

Henrietta, m. Martin 128 

Sarah, m. Allen 9, 114, 124, 127 

Dr. Vincent Peter 9, 10, 

124, 127, 140 

Mrs. Vincent P. (nee White) ... 124 

Williford, Forrest 117 

Witsell, Ann O'Hear, m. Chaplin .. 112 

Dr. Charles 112 



Witscll — (Continued) 

Corrie, m. (1) Farrar, (2) Rocb- 

ling 125 

General Edward F 112 

Emma Julia, m. Neyle 112 

Frederick 112 

John W 112 

Maggie, m. Rees 112 

Mamie, m. Lucas 112 

Mary (Muffle), m. Taft 125 

Thomas L 112 

Rev. W. P 112 

Wolfe, Emily, Jr. HI 

Julian 143 

Woodruff, Mrs. Mary (ncc Cargill) 


Wright, Benjamin 135 

Emma, m. Means 116 

George Christian 135 

Richard 135 

Yonge, Harriet, m. Hagood Ill 

Zimmerman, Irving 145 


State of South Carolina.: 

I, Cornelius Tobin, of Barnwell, in the State aforesaid, do make my laat 
will and testament, in manner and form following: hereby revoking all wills and 
testaments by me heretofore made. 

1st. I desire that my debts be paid as soon as practicable after my death. 

2nd. If my executors shall find it judicious and proper, I would prefer 
that my estate be kept together, and conducted as in my life time, until January 
one thousand eight hundred and thirty eight; or if they orefer it, that the negroes 
be hired out, the perishable property be sold, 4c. 

3rd. From the nett annual income of my estate, I desire that four hundred 
dollars, if so much be neoessary, be applied yearly, and every year, for the 
support and education of my natural son, Cornelius, the child of Elizabeth Neilson, 
until eighteen hundred and thirtv-eight; and I enjoin it on ray executors as the 
most solemn request I can make, that ever-' care and attention be devoted to his 
education, both academical and collegiate. 

4th. To Orsamus D. Allen, I give and bequeath the sum of one-hundred and 
forty dollars per annum, so long as Elizabeth Neilson shall live, in trust, for 
the sole and separate use, benefit and support of said Elizabeth Neilson, free 
and discharged from all debts, contracts or control, of John Neilson, her present 
husband, and from the contracts or claims of any future husband. The aforesaid 
sum of one hundred and forty dollars, to be paid from the nett annual income of 
ay estate, until the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight; and should 

the said Elizabeth Neilson be then alive, I direot that from the sales of my 
estate, which I shall hereinafter direct, that a sum of money, sufficient to raise 
the aforesaid sum of one hundred and forty dollars be invested in bank stook of 
the government, or in such other nubile or orivate securities as ray executors 
may seleot, in order to raise and pay the annuity aforesaid, during the life of 

•aid Elitabeth Mellaons and at her death. I glre and de»iee the fund to invested. 
to my sister kary, my half brother Mlohaal. and half slater Caty. (or their 
ohlldren. at the mm uv ba, If thay. or either of thea. ba now daad, or ahall 
die bafora ae» ) In the aa-« manner, and upon tha iajoe teras, and under tha saaa 
contingencies, aa are -leretn after expressed, oonoemlng one fourth part of By 
eitn-a, which I shall baquaath to than. 

5th. From the annual natt mooM of ay estate, I ^irther ^irt and baquaath 
the sua of one thoueaml iollare, to be paid •• soon aa ooealble. on account of 
her advanced age, -n ay aint Mary Dugee. of 'he County of Kilkenny, In Ireland, 
who waa, when I last heard from her, the widow of Daniel Dugee of said cruotv. 
But shoiid my said aunt be n.-w lead, or should aha lie before ae, then I | t. 
the aforeea.d sua of one thoueand iollars, pavable in *ne |TMr onaj 'hnieand 
«ight hundred and thirty-eight, to be iivided between suoh ohlldrwn, and grand 
ohVldren aa she mav leare alive it her death; *o be *c lvtded tanng 'hea. that 
the ohild or chll Iran, of any one of her children ao dying befor«« her, will take 
a share equal with one of her children. 

6th. The balance of the aet.t annual Incoae of ay aetata, if any, I glva 
and devise to -nv *ist»»r Mary, and to arv half brother Mlonael and Half slater 
Caty, to be divided between thea, or their children, in the eaaa manner aa la 
provided for 'he ttsTtrlbo/tloa -f that fourth Dart of ay estate, whloh I shall 
herein after bequeath to 'nasi. 

7th. although I riavo expressed a wiah tha' -.v real and parnonal eatate 
be icept together until 1838, It is not av intention that vjoh wish be iaoera'lve 
on my execitora, leaving it to their dlsoretion, to aell the whole sooner if they 
think it. -nost advantageous, on a Ion.- credit, 'hn oavaent lecirM aa I snail 
oreaentlv direct. If not sold sooner, I llreot that ay whole eatate. real and 
personal, be told in the aontn of January, one thousand eight hundred and thirty- 
eight, on a credit, pavable in inetalaenta of at leaat one, tr .no. v.ree /ears, 
the ourohaae aonev *"o be aeoured bv bond and aortgage, with personal secirity. 

Sth. The proceeds of the sales of my estate, and all the residue of 
which I ".are not niade a dense or bequest, I ^ive and devise as follows, Tit: 
To my son, Daniel Tobin, and to his heirs, I give ^ne-fourth part thereof. To 
■y son, John Tobin, and to his heirs, I give another fourth Dart. One fourth 
part of the same, I nrect to be invested in lands, negroes, bank or government 
stock, or loaned out on -cod mortgagee, and personal security, at the discretion 
of ny executors. And that fourth part I give to my exeoutors hereinafter named, 
and to the survivor, or survivors of them, and to their heirs, executors, or 
administrators, of such survivor, in trust, for the use, benefit and support of 
ay natural son, Cornelius Tobin, and his children, during his natural lifej and 
after his death, I give and bequeath the same to such child, or children as he 
■ay leave alive at his death, to them and their heirs. But if the said Cornelius 
shall die leaving no ohild, children or grand children alive at his death, then 
I give and bequeath the said fourth part of jiv estate, consist of what it may, to 
mv sister Mary, half brother iliohael, and half sister Caty, to be divided between 
them, or their children, (upon the contingencies provided for in the next clause) 
in the same manner, and on the same conditions, which are therein expressed, 
concerning the other fourth part of my estate bequeathed to them. 

The other remaining fourth part of my estate, I rive and bequeath to my 
estate, I nve and bequeath to my sister Mary, (now, or late widow of James 
lairphy, of r.he oountv of Kilkenny, in Ireland.) my aalf sister Caty, and my half 
brother Michael, also of Kilkenny, to be divided between them, as follows: That is 
to say, one half of that fourth, I give to mv 3ister Jinry, and the other half 
of the same fourth, I dlreot to be equally divided between Caty and Mionael. But 
as it is long sinoe I heard from those friends, and I know not If thev, or either 
of them be alive, in order, therefore, to provide against their death, I do further 
declare, that if either of then be now dead, or shall die before me, that I give 
the proportion, or share, to whioh my brother or sisters may be, or would be 
entitled to, under this will, if alive at my death, to suoh ohild, or ohildren, as 
he or she mey have at his or her death, and to their grand children, in such manner 


that the ohild, or children, of my nephew*, or nieces, who may die before 
me, or be now dead, will take the same share its father or mother would have 
tax en if alive at my death. 

9th. Having some years ago divided my estate equally with my sons, John 
and Daniel, reserving; to myself only so much as I gave to them severally, I 
feel justified in the bequests and legaoies I have herein given to others. For 
the same reason, I do declare, "hat should either, or both of my said sons, 
direotly, or indirectly, contest or dispute the validity of this will, on any 
account whatever, by instituting proceedings in any court of this State, for the 
purposes of frustratins or defeating the legacies herein given; or if they 
shall, by any aot of theirs, or their agents, intermeddle with mv estate, by 
assuming authority, or ownership over the same; or by talcing or carrying off 
any of the negroes r other oersonal oroperty of the estate, *"hen, and in that 
case, I io solemnly revoke all bequests herein made to them, or to the one so 
offending against mv wishes; and the proportion so ^iven and revoked, together 
with any excess which 'iny court of competent jurisdiction may declare, that my 
natural son, Cornelius and Elizabeth Neil son, cannot take under t-Jiis will, I 
give and bequeath to my sisters, liary and Caty, and brother Miohael, to be 
divided between them, or their children, if they, or either of them be now dead, 


or shall die before me, in the same manner, and under the same conditions, that 


I have expressed concerning that fourth given/them °jr a former part of this my 

Lastly. I nominate and appoint my friends. Darling Peoples. Hansford D. 
Dunoan, and Reuben Thomas, executors of this will, and recommend to them the 
employment of David Hair, as a fit and proper person, as overseer ana manager of 
my plantation affairs— his continuance must, however, of course, depend on their 
•pinion of hla worth and good conduot. 


In testimony whereof, I have set my hand and seal, at the end hereof, the 

7th of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine) 

and have also written my nana at the bottom of each page of this ay will, consisting 

of one sheet and a half of paper. 

C. Tobin, (L.S.) 

Signed, sealed, and published by the testator, as his last will, in the presence 
of us, who, in hia presence, at his request, and in the presence of each other, 
hare witnessed the execution thereof* 

William Matheny, 
Alexander Johnson, 
Jeseph Heilson 

State of South Carolina, Barnwell District: 

I, Cornelius Tobin, in consequence of the death of Elizabeth leilson, do 

make, as a codicil to the foregoing will, the following bequest; that la to say, 

I give to my sister Mary, (mentioned heretofore in my will) , the sum of one 

thousand dollars, and to my half brother Michael, and my half sister Caty, I give 

each the sum of five hundred dollars, to be paid to them severally at the time of 

the sale or division of my estate, as in my will directed. Ant if my sister Mary, 

or half sister Caty, or half brother Miohael, be now dead* (or shall die before 

me) leaving children, or grand children, then I direct that the money hare gi 1 

to them severally, be divided among their children or- grand children, in the 

manner aa I have direeted a division of the fourth part of my estate, given to 

them, in the event of any one of them being no* dead, or dying before me, leaving; 

a child, children, or grand children. 

In witness whereof, X- do- hereunto set my hand and seal, this 24th September, 


Cornelias Tobin, (L.S.) t 

Sealed and signed by the testator, aa a part of his will, in presence of us, who, 
in his presence, and in the presence of each other, witnessed the exeoution 

«-ci^/SA^ZL ht^J^c^-^ £-(,"3-5 ^U— , Vllson Sanders, 

' * Hiohard A. Gantt, 

Property of: