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Full text of "Memorials of deceased companions of the Commandery of the State of Illinois, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States"

MEMORIALS 



OF 



DECEASED COMPANIONS OF THE CAIMANI/FRY OF TIJF 

STATE OF ILLINOIS, MILITARY OKI >i-x 61 I:IF 

LOYAL LECTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 



From May 8, f^fy, when tJic. Commandery was Instituted, 
to July /, i go i. 



320 ASHLAND BLOCK, 

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 

1901. 



COMMITTEE. 

MAJOR WILLIAM ELIOT FURNESS, Chairman. 
(TEX. JOSEPH B. LEAKE, 

COL. AREA N. WATERMAN, 

CAPT. HENRY V. FREEMAN, 
CAPT. EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 

LIEUT. AMBROSE S. DELAWARE, 
MR. JOHN R. MONTGOMERY 



PREFACE. 

This volume will serve as a permanent reminder of the rapid 
march " beyond the veil of that generation which fought the 
battles of the Union in the great Civil War. Memorials of 
deceased Companions of the Illinois Commandery of the Mili 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion of the I nited States have 
been prepared as the occasions have arisen, and are repro 
duced here for the most part as originally printed. They 
thus reflect in some measure the kindly judgment and sincere 
sorrow with which their Companions of the Commandery have 
bidden these departed members "hail and farewell. Some 
of the notices in the volume have been written by those for 
whom in their turn, the like service has since been rendered. 

Differences in the length or literary character of the memo- 
orials do not by any means indicate differences of regard in 
which Companions were held. They are due to other causes, 
such as residence elsewhere, or to the fact that the army 
service of some deceased Companions had not come within 
the personal knowledge and observation of the writers. 

Probably none of the surviving members of the Illinois 
Commandery will fail to find in these pages names of some 
at least of "the men we think of with tears: those side by 
side with whom they marched, with whom they bivouacked, 
shared rations and blankets by many a camp fire, and shoulder 
to shoulder with whom they breasted storms of battle. There 
are others also, whom we first met as members of the Com 
mandery, but whom we came to know and love not only be 
cause of honorable records as soldiers, but because of what 
they were as men; men whom we would not willingly forget 
while life endures. 

(in) 



n.*T.<.:f>r O 

.. W 



IV. PREFACE. 

It may not be amiss to call attention to the honorable 
careers in civil life of those whose names appear in this vol 
ume. If proof were needed of the high character of the 
citizen soldiers who in the years from 1861 to 1865 responded 
to the call of country, it can be found in the brief life records 
here reproduced. 

This volume owes its existence to the generosity of our 
Companion Lieutenant Oliver W. Norton. Believing that 
these notices should survive in more enduring form than as 
originally published in general orders, he has himself met 
the expense of their publication. 

The funeral services of an "old soldier " are appropriately 
closed at the grave with the bugle call, known as " taps," than 
which none more musical nor impressive fell in days of war 
upon the soldier s ear, as at the close of day its melody 
floated upon the evening air from camp to camp. The call 
as it now exists was first played by Companion Norton when 
he was still serving as a brigade bugler. It has replaced the 
call originally in use at the outbreak of the Civil War, and 
we cannot better close this introduction than by giving in his 
own words an account of its origin. 

During the first year of the Civil War the call for taps 
in general use in the army, as published in Casey s tactics, 
was the one which is now used as a part of the long call for 
tattoo. In July, 1862, I was brigade bugler at the head 
quarters of Butterfield s Brigade, Morrell s Division, Fitz 
John Porter s Corps in the Army of the Potomac. One day 
soon after the seven days battles on the Peninsula, when the 
Army of the Potomac lay in camp at Harrison s Landing, on 
the James River, General Butterfield sent for me to come 
to his tent and bring my bugle. When I arrived he said 
something about wishing to change the call for taps, and 
asked me to sound for him on the bugle the call which he 
whistled. I complied as well as I could and after getting the 
matter to his satisfaction wrote out the notes of the present 
call on the back of an envelope which I happened to have in 
my pocket. lie then told me to practice the call during the 



1 KKFACK. v. 

day until I could play it smoothly, and at night substitute it 
for the regulation call for taps. The next day buglers from 
neighboring brigades came to me for copies of the music. 1 
furnished these copies, and gradually the call was taken up 
and used in other brigades and divisions of the Army of the 
Potomac, until it became recognized as the official call. My 
impression is that no general order making the substitute 
was ever issued, but it rapidly made its way into general use 
throughout the Army of the Potomac by virtue of the beauty 
of the music. The soldiers, who had a habit of attaching 
words more or less appropriate to all the calls in common use, 
soon began to sing the following words to this call: 

" Go to sleep, go to sleep, go to sleep, go to sleep; 
You may all go to sleep, go to sleep ! 

"At the soldiers homes, where the veteran privates of 
the Civil War are laid to rest, at burials of privates and 
officers of the army on frontier posts, wherever the last mili 
tary honors are paid, the sweet notes of this call give voice 
to the last farewell/ 




r !__&_, 

Efe: 



i.. 




EDWIN JOSEPH 1)E HAVEN. 

Lieutenant Commander United States Xai v Hit-d at (icncra, 
Sti itzerlftnd, October , iS~y. 



pNTERED the service as Midshipman, U.S.N., Octo 
ber 19, 1841; Passed Midshipman, August 10, 1^47 
^*^* Master, September 14, 1855; Lieutenant, Septem 
ber 15, 1855; Lieutenant Commander, July 16, 1862. 
Resigned May 30, 1865. 

War service with the West Gulf Squadron. 




HENRY WELD FARRAR. 

Captain and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, April 77, 1881. 

\ A jHEREAS, It has pleased God, in the interposition 
"U. of His providence, suddenly to remove, in the 
prime of life, our beloved Companion, Colonel Henry 
Farrar, one of the charter members of the Illinois Coin- 
mandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, and a member of its first Council; and 

WHEREAS, Colonel Farrar joined the Volunteer Army 
of the United States, April 10, 1863, participating in 
nearly all the battles, marches and campaigns of the 
Army of the Potomac during that time, including the 
campaign in the Shenandoah Valley with General Sheri 
dan, rising in rank from a Second Lieutenant in the 

8 



MEMORIALS. 9 

Seventh Maine Volunteers to that of Captain and Aide- 
de-Carnp, in 1864, and being twice brevetted (Major and 
Lieutenant Colonel) for gallant conduct on the battle 
field; and 

WHEREAS, In his death this Coinmandery has lost 
one of its most honored and valued members; there 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That as a soldier Colonel Farrar was espe 
cially distinguished for skill and gallantry; as a citizen 
he was true, faithful and patriotic; as a friend he was 
warm-hearted, sincere and unselfish, ever untiring in his 
efforts to serve those who had his confidence and esteem, 
and possessing rare social qualities which made him a 
welcome companion to all with whom he came in con 
tact. 

Resolved, That as Companions of this Order we look 
back with no little pride upon his military career and 
the sacrifices he made in the cause of his country; that 
we greatly deplore his death and tender to the bereaved 
relatives our deepest sympathy. 

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions, duly at 
tested and properly engrossed, be transmitted by the 
Recorder to the relatives of the deceased, and that the 
same be spread upon the records of this Commandery. 

WM. E. STROM;, 
FRANCIS MORGAN, 
ABBOTT L. ADAMS, 

C Committee, 



I ., ) 




HENRY MABBETT KNICKERBOCKER. 

Captain Seventh Xeiv York Heavy Artillery, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Chicago, October jo, 1882. 

1 A/HEREAS, Our Commandery has heard with sorrow 
"I of the removal by death of our honored Compan 
ion, Captain Henry M. Knickerbocker; and 

WHEREAS, Our late companion was one of the first 
to join the Volunteer Army of the United States, serving 
his country and filling the positions of Corporal, Ser 
geant, Second Lieutenant, Eirst Lieutenant and Captain 
in the One Hundred and Thirteenth New York Infantry, 
afterward the Seventh Heavy Artillery, taking part with 
his command at Spottsylvania, North Anna River, Coal 
Harbor, Petersburg, and in the defenses of Washington; 
and 



MEMORIALS. I I 

WHEREAS, Our Commandery feels that, by his removal 
from among us to a better life, it has lost one of its de 
voted and esteemed members 1 therefore, 

AY-sWrrc/, That as a soldier, Captain Knickerbocker 
was true and faithful to his country; as a citizen, patri 
otic, upright and highly respected; and as a friend was 
gentle, loving and generous, with kind words and hearty 
good wishes for all. 

Resolved, That we shall ever deeply feel his loss, not 
only as a sincere Companion of our Order, but as a trust 
ed friend and a valued member of the community, and 
that we respectfully extend to the bereaved family our 
deepest sympathy. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of the deceased. 

CHARLES W. DAVIS, 
WILLIAM E. STRONG, 
GORDON G. MOORE, 

Committee. 




LUCIUS HOLLENBECK DRURY. 

Major First irisconsin Heavy Artillery, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, June 22, 



3IXCE the last meeting of this Commandery its 
members have been called upon to pay the last 
tribute of respect and affection to one of its mem 
bers, Major Lucius Hollenbeck Drury, late of the First 
Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, who died at his residence in 
Chicago, on the 22d day of June, 1884. 

Companion Drury was born at Highgate, Vermont, 
December 21, 1824. In early boyhood he was appren 
ticed to the printer s trade, and naturally graduated a 
journalist. With the nomadic instincts of the profession 
he pursued his career in his native State, in Ohio, North 
Carolina, Arkansas, and the breaking out of the rebellion 



MEMORIALS. !} 

found him conducting a newspaper in Wisconsin, with a 
widespread reputation as a versatile humorous writer. 
He was commissioned by Governor Randall to raise a 
section of a battery, and in a short time he had raised a 
full battery, which was mustered into the service as the 
Third Wisconsin Battery of Light Artillery, with Drury 
as the Captain, better known to the Army of the Cum 
berland as the Badger Battery, attached to Van Cleve s 
Division of the corps commanded by General Crittenden. 
While Chief of Artillery of this Division, on the i 3th day 
of September, 1863, in a heavy skirmish on the bank of 
the Chickamauga, Companion Drury was shot through 
the liver by a rebel sharpshooter and supposed to be 
mortally wounded. He recovered so as to be able to 
join his command in the spring of 1864. when he was 
made Chief of Artillery of the First Division of the Four 
teenth Corps, and served in that capacity in the cam 
paign against Atlanta till the fall of 1864, when he was 
mustered out with his Battery, his term of service having 
expired. Notwithstanding he suffered severe pain from 
the old wound, from which he was never free till his 
death, he again entered the service December i, 1864, 
as Major of the First Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, and 
served with his usual gallantry in the Twenty-second 
Corps till mustered out of service June 2, 1865, when he 
came to Chicago, where, after honorably filling various 
places of responsibility and trust, his mortal career was 
terminated by disease resulting from his old wound, on 
the 22d day of June, 1884. In view of his distinguished 
military services, and his many endearing personal quali 
ties, his surviving associates have 

AV.sWrr^/, That in the death of Lucius Hollenbeck 
Drury, the Illinois Commandery of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion of the United States has lost one of 



14 MEMORIALS. 

its valued and honored members. As a soldier he was 
brave, loyal and faithful in the discharge of every duty, 
and, as a warm-hearted, generous companion and friend, 
he had become endeared to us by many ties. 

Resolved, That we respectfully tender to the widow 
and children of Major Drury our condolence and sympa 
thy in their great affliction, and that the Recorder be 
directed to enter these resolutions on our minutes, and 
to transmit an engrossed copy to the family of our late 
Companion. 

EDGAR D. SWAIN, 
E. A. OTIS, 
H. H. THOMAS, 

Committee. 




DEMING MORRIS WELCH. 

Captain and Brevet Colonel, United Slates I olnntecrs. Died at 
Dresden, Sa\on\, /-ebrnarv it, 1885. 

I HE members of this Conirnandery have heard with 
V deep regret of the death of Companion Colonel 
Deming Norris Welch, February 11, 1885, in Dresden, 
Saxony. 

Companion Welch was among the first to volunteer 
in the service of our country, and served faithfully and 
efficiently until the close of the war in the Sixteenth 
Corps, Army of the Tennessee, and Ninth Corps. Army 
of the Gulf, and was brevetted Major, Lieutenant Colonel 
and Colonel, U. S. V., March 13, 1865. 

Our Commandery has, by his removal from among 

15 



1 6 MEMORIALS. 

us to a better life, lost a beloved and esteemed com 
panion; therefore, be it 

Rcsoli cif, That as an officer, Colonel Welch was true 
and faithful to his country; as a citizen, upright and 
highly respected; and as a friend, generous and con 
genial, with kind words and good wishes for all. 

Rcsolrcd, That we deeply feel his loss, not only as a 
Companion of our Order, but as a valued friend and 
esteemed member of this community, and that we re 
spectfully extend to the bereaved family our heartfelt 
sympathy. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the family of our late Companion. 

CHARLES D. RHODES, 
FRANCIS MORGAN, 
HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON, 

Committee. 




THEOPHILUS LYLK DICKKY. 

Colonel Fourth Illinois Cavalry, United States I olnnteers. Died at 
Atlantic City, Xcic Jersey. Julv j?, 



I HE death of Theophilus Lyle Dickey, of this Com- 

(, mandery, formerly Colonel of the Fourth Illinois 

Cavalry, having been made known to us, his companions, 

we meet to-day to honor his memory as soldier and citi 

zen, and to express our sorrow for his loss. 

Past his fiftieth year at the time he encountered the 
toil and danger of active service in the war for the Union, 
it can justly he said of Colonel Dickey that he rendered 
faithful and efficient aid to his country and to the great 
Captain by whom from time to time he was assigned to 
positions implying trust in his enterprise, courage and 
judgment. Such a place was filled by Colonel Dickey, 

17 



1 8 MEMORIALS. 

when, at the head of a cavalry force, he bravely led the 
way across the strip of forest that lay between Fort Henry 
and the rifle-pits of Donelson. This rapid and successful 
reconnoissance to the Cumberland river afforded General 
Grant accurate and early information of the enemy s lines 
and enabled him to take measures for an immediate dis 
position of the investing army. 

Colonel Dickey was present at the siege and surrender 
of Fort Donelson; he accompanied General Grant in sub 
sequent campaigns, including the movement to Pittsburg 
Landing, the battle of Shiloh, and the operations in Mis 
sissippi resulting in the seizure and occupation of Corinth. 
He had the honor of appointment by General Grant as 
Chief of Cavalry, and served in that and other capacities 
until February 16, 1863, when he resigned and resumed 
the duties of civil life. The register shows that he joined 
this Cornmandery, upon election, March 3, 1880. Since 
that date our Order has known him as a true friend and 
agreeable companion; one ever ready to do his part toward 
the entertainment and instruction of its members. His 
voice and pen have alike testified before us to his interest 
in the higher objects of the Commandery; to his loyal 
devotion to the name and fame of the Army of the Ten 
nessee, and all Union armies and generals. 

The eminent civic station attained by Colonel Dickey 
is, of course, known to all. At the time of his de 
cease he was a Justice of the Supreme Court of Illinois. 
Elected December 21, 1875, he was re-elected by the 
people June 6, 1879, for the term of nine years. He 
became Chief Justice in 1880. It is believed that the 
records and reports of the Supreme Court will furnish 
the fullest evidence of his great natural and acquired 
powers as a lawyer and a judge. Whether agreeing 
with his brethren on the bench or not, his recorded 



MEMORIALS. 1 9 

opinions have always indicated (dear convictions of duty 
fearlessly uttered. 

As with loving hands we bring a chaplet to the grave 
of Colonel Dickey, we recall the sad fact that once again 
he has gone on before his great ideal soldier and com 
mander before him who expires as if in the arms of the 
American nation him whose death after long and most 
pitiful suffering has hung our country s heaven in black 
from ocean to ocean, from Alaska to the Gulf. 

Let it not be forgotten as we endeavor to appreciate 
his varied and useful services in our last war, that he was 
also an Illinois volunteer in I 846, with the gallant Hardin, 
and other noble and patriotic sons of our State. Thus 
the far off remembrances of Mexico gather about his 
name as we speak of fields less foreign and more recent. 
In mourning the loss of Colonel Dickey the Cornmand- 
ery desires also to convey to his family the assurance of 
its earnest sympathy in their affliction. 

GEORGE L. PADDOCK, 
JOHN E. SMITH, 
JOHN L. BEYERIDGE, 
JOSEPH STOCKTON, 
EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 

Committee. 




MICHAEL LEWIS COURTNEY. 

Captain Ticcnty-fiftli Infantry and Brevet Major, United States 
Army. Died at San Antonio, Texas, July 16, 1886. 

eJFANION Captain and Brevet Major Michael L. 
Courtney died at San Antonio, Texas, on the i6th 
day of July, 1886, of heart disease, while on leave of 
absence from his regiment; and it becomes us now to 
state simply his record. 

Major Courtney entered the service in July, 1862. and 
was mustered as Sergeant One Hundred and Second 
Illinois Infantry. He received his promotion as Second 
Lieutenant in April, 1863, to rank from January 2/th, 
and was commissioned First Lieutenant and Quarter 
Master to date from August 9, 1863. 

In December, 1868, having passed a very creditable 



MEMORIALS. 21 

examination, he was mustered out of the Volunteer service 
and appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the Sixteenth Infan 
try U. S. C. T. , in which regiment he served with great 
credit, ability, and gallantry, until April 30, 1866, when 
his command was mustered out. Shortly afterward he 
was appointed Second Lieutenant Thirty-ninth Infantry, 
U. S. A., and passed through the grades of First Lieu 
tenant and Captain. 

He served with the One Hundred and Second Illinois 
Infantry in the action at Woodburn, Tennessee, and with 
the Sixteenth U. S. C. T. was engaged in the operation 
against the rebel General Forrest, in the battle of Chat 
tanooga, and in the battles of Pulaski and Nashville; and 
for gallant and meritorious services in the two last named 
engagements, he was brevetted Captain and Major U.S.A. 

Major Courtney joined the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States June 3, 1885, through this 
Commandery. 

Of a quiet and retiring disposition, he was an officer 
of strong character, great efficiency, and sterling worth; 
one who could always be counted on in emergencies. As 
a brother officer he was companionable, affable, and a 
true friend; as a man, honorable, upright and just; in 
every sense, a true companion of the Order. As an 
illustration of his specially studious nature it may be 
mentioned that, on leave of absence, he tested the suc 
cess of his studies in one direction by taking his gradu 
ating degree in law. 

There is a measure of our work in such a companion 
ship which both pride and modesty compel us to recall, 
while sympathy unites us with his family and all his 
friends in the great loss we have sustained. 

We should gather from his life of sterling worth 
the lessons of true manhood which made him the 



22 MEMORIALS. 

irreproachable officer, gentleman, and true companion, 
that they may be our guide in life and be held by us as 
the whole essentials for companionship in this Order. 

He has laid away the honored sword he wore, 4i with 
charity for all and malice toward none," and has entered 
into that peace the world cannot give. Without desiring 
to intrude on any greater grief, we recommend that copies 
of this brief expression be sent to his family, his regiment, 
and the Army and Navy Journal. 

J. C. BRECKINRIDGE, 
N. H. WALWORTH, 
RICHARD ROBINS, 

Committee. 







DAVID CLELAND BRADLEY. 

First Lieutenant Sixty-fifth Illinois Infantry, United Stales 
Volunteers. Died at Chicago, October ?j, 1886. 

yOUR committee appointed to take action upon the 
i. death of our late Companion David Cleland Brad 
ley do report and move that the following memorial be 
inscribed upon the records of the Commandery and that 
a copy thereof be sent to the family of the deceased. 

On the 25th day of October, 1886, David Cleland 
Bradley, a companion of this Commandery, died at his 
home on Ashland avenue in this city. 

Companion Bradley entered the United States Vol 
unteer Service March 2d, 1862, as adjutant of the Sixty- 
fifth Illinois Infantry. Reserved faithfully and gallantly 
until his regiment was mustered out, March ist, 1865. 

23 



24 MEMORIALS. 

During the last year of the war he acted as Aide-de-Camp 
on the staff of Major General Jacob D. Cox, and with his 
chief rendered conspicuous and meritorious services dur 
ing the Atlanta campaign and at the battles of Franklin 
and Nashville. 

Lieutenant Bradley was a man of irreproachable 
character, lovable in disposition, brave and affectionate. 
He was devoted to his friends, kind and considerate in 
his treatment of all with whom he came in contact. The 
memory of his military service and companionship was 
proudly and warmly cherished in his bosom, and an old 
soldier when destitute applied not in vain to him for aid. 
We, his surviving comrades, will affectionately cherish 
the memory of his virtues and his winsome presence until 
one by one we join him in the silent "muster out." 

AREA N. WATERMAN, 
CHARLES I). RHODES, 
HENRY S. PICKANDS, 

Committee. 




GEORGE CHANDLER. 

First Lieutenant l- .iifhty-eighth Illinois Infantry, I nitcd Slates 
I olunteers. Died at Chicago, Xovewbcr j, iSS6. 

lifHEN a soldier died upon the field, "few and short 

*R were the prayers we said." The stern realities of 

war forbade expressions of sorrow or signs of mourning. 

Nevertheless, death was not lost to us, and in the 

sacrifice we saw the links which bound him who died in 

kinship with humanity. 

When now a soldier dies, while we gather about his 
bier, and place upon it tokens of our remembrance, for 
getting perhaps that the seeds of disease which have car 
ried him to a premature grave were sown in the privations 
and hardships of camp and march, notwithstanding honor 
and renown may be his due for his achievements in civil 

25 



26 MEMORIALS. 

life, we instinctively turn to the period when he volun 
teered to serve his country, and for its cause offered his 
life in the balance. That period marks his manhood - 
and remembered shall he be who so manifested it. 

George Chandler was born in Vermont in December, 
1834. Having received a university training at Dart 
mouth College and the University of Vermont, and after 
wards studying law, he at first, in 1857, went to St. 
Louis. Afterwards, in 1859, he came to Chicago, to 
engage in its practice. 

There the outbreak of the war found him. He enlisted 
in Company A of the Eighty-eighth Illinois Infantry 
Volunteers, and in pursuance of the choice of the other 
enlisted men of that company was commissioned First 
Lieutenant. He was a faithful officer, always ready for 
duty, never complaining, vigilant to care for his men, 
quick to learn and instruct, and in battle cool and firm. 
He was one who staved in the fight. 

Called home by what he considered imperative de 
mands, he resigned, and thereby lost promotion which 
would surely soon have followed. From that time he 
was an active lawyer at Chicago, and in his profession 
displayed learning and marked ability. 

It may, without regard to the length of his term of 
service, be truly said that he was one of those who helped 
to put down the rebellion. We may also justly say of 
him that he was earnest, intelligent, and brave; and for 
him, as for others gone before, we may recite the requiem 
written by Sir Walter Scott: 

"Soldier, rest ! thy warfare o er, 

Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking; 
Dream of battlefields no more, 
Days of danger, nights of waking. 

"In our isle s enchanted hall, 

Hands unseen thy couch are strewing; 



MEMORIALS. 2/ 

Fairy strains of music fall, 

Every sense in slumber dewing. 

"Soldier, rest! thy warfare o er; 
Dream of righting fields no more; 
Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking, 
Morn of toil, nor night of waking." 

Respectfully submitted, 

GEO. W. SMITH, 
JNO. L. THOMPSON, 
CHARLES T. BOAL, 

Committee. 




JOHN ALEXANDER LOGAN. 

Major General United States Volunteers. Died at Washington ^ 
District of Columbia, December 26, 1886 

I HE Illinois Commandery of the Military Order of 
i, the Loyal Legion, is again called upon to mourn 
the loss of one of its most distinguished members. One 
by one the great leaders of the war have been taken 
from our ranks. Grant, Thomas, Meade, Hancock and 
McClellan have each been summoned to join that greater 
army on the other shore. To the long list of the illustrious 
dead must now be added the name of Major General 
John Alexander Logan; and we meet to-day, at the call 
of our Commander, to give expression to our sorrow, and 
the deep sense of the great loss which we and the Nation 
have sustained. 

28 



MEMORIALS. 29 



As a soldier, General Logan, at the first outbreak 



01 



the Rebellion, resigned his seat in the National Congress, 
and raised a regiment which he afterwards gallantly led 
in battle. He became identified with the splendid "Army 
of the Tennessee" from its first organization, and took a 
prominent part in every battle and campaign in which 
that Army was engaged; and having successively com 
manded a regiment, brigade, division, and corps, when 
the war ended he was that Army s trusted and honored 
commander. 

In civil life, General Logan was a brave and fearless 
advocate of what he believed to be right; in political 
affairs, frank, manly and outspoken. 

Few indeed there are who like him united the quali 
ties of the soldier and the statesman, and won the double 
honor of military and civil renown. No man, living or 
dead, stood nearer the hearts of the soldiers of the great 
war, and by no man were their rights more loyally and 
sacredly defended. His fame is secure, and his memory 
will be cherished forever by the Nation he served so 
loyally and well, both in peace and war. 

" After life s fitful fever, he sleeps well." 

Bearing in mind his manly virtues, and the ties of 
warm personal friendship which bound him to our hearts, 
the members of the Illinois Commandery of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion have directed that this tribute 
of respect to his memory be entered upon our records, 
and that a copy be furnished to his afflicted family, with 
our profound assurances of sincere and heartfelt sympa 
thy in their great bereavement. 

WILLIAM E. STROM;, 

El HKAIM A. OTIS, 

HORACE H. THOMAS, 
LEWIS B. MITCHELL, 
DAVID H. GILE, 
(AMES A. SEXTON, 
JOHN T. McArLEY, 

Committee . 




GEORGE WHITFIELD LAWTON. 

Captain Fourth Michigan Cavalry, Brevet Major, L nited States 
Volunteers. Died at I.aictoti, Michigan, February 7, iS8~. 

OF THE companions of the Commandery of the State 
of Illinois of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion 
of the United States, George Whitfield Lawton, 
late Captain of the Fourth Regiment of Michigan Cavalry 
and Brevet Major, U. S. V ., leads the van of those who 
cross the dark river in 1887, and is the first one to re 
port to the Great Commander. 

His comrades could ask for no better representative 

than this gallant soldier, excellent citizen, profound 

scholar, devoted husband, loving father and true friend. 

Major Lawton was born in Oneida county, New York, 

October 20, 1833. Back of him were soldier ancestors, 

30 



MKMOKIAI.S. ^1 

for his grandfathers were patriots in our war with Eng- 
land for independence. Early in life he developed that 
love for study which, enlarging itself, gave him a wide 
and well deserved literary reputation. 

In August, icS62, he was commissioned Second Lieu 
tenant of C Company, Fourth Regiment Michigan Cav 
alry, the captor of |eff Davis, although, on account of a 
rebel bullet, Major Lawton was not with the command 
at the time the capture was made. In addition to this 
world-renowned service rendered by his company, the 
Commandery will well remember the regiment as the 
one which opened the battle of Chickamauga, and partici 
pated in all the hard and glorious work of the Army of 
the Cumberland. He was promoted First Lieutenant 
January 25, 1863; Captain, August 23d of the same year, 
and Brevet Major, March 13, 1865, "for gallant and 
meritorious conduct in action at Dallas, Georgia," in 
which battle, May 23, 1864, he was shot through the 
right lung. On July I, 1865, he was mustered out of 
the United States service. While apparently in good 
health, he dropped dead of heart disease, at Lawton, 
Michigan, on Monday, February 7, 1887. 

As American soldiers the members of this Cominand 
ery mourn him our brave and faithful comrade and 
will preserve gratefully the memory of his patriotic serv 
ices. His public and private character commanded our 
respect and admiration, while his kindly feelings and 
lovable traits as a warm friend and fond husband and 
father endeared him to all who knew him. He was truly 
a noble example of the best quality of the citizen soldier. 
We tender to his family our heartfelt sympathy in their 
sudden bereavement. 

TAYLOR P. Rrxnurr, 
EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 
ARTHTR EDWARDS, 

d \nninittec. 




FRANCIS MORGAN. 

Captain First Illinois Light Artillery, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, August j, i88j. 

jifHEREAS, Our Companion Francis Morgan, late 
" H, Captain of Battery A, First Illinois Light Artillery, 
U. S.V., on the fifth day of August, 1887, left our mem 
bership at the call of the Great Commander; therefore, 

Resolved, That this Commandery testifies to the 
soldierly and many other sterling qualities of our late 
companion, and holding him in kindly memory, tenders 
to his family its sincere sympathy in their sorrow. 

CLARENCE H. DYER, 
ISRAEL P. RUMSEY, 
ALBERT L. COE, 

Committee. 

.32 




HON. MARK SKINNER. 

Companion of the 7 hird Class. Died at Manchester, I ermont, 
September 16, /SSj. 

I HE "time-beats" that are counting out our genera- 
V tions, are sounding at shortened intervals; and one 
by one those who bore the brunt and burden of the day, 
in the time of our country s peril, are passing away. 
Eight times within the past few months, and three times 
since last we met together, has the " summons " come 
into our little Commander) , and we miss and mourn the 
companions we may no more greet. 

The ties that are forged in great emergencies the 
honor accorded to strength that has been tested amid 
great perils the gratitude felt for services rendered in 
great need, are not as the ties or the honor -or the 

33 



MEMORIALS. 



gratitude of common days. They are measured rather 
by the intense emotions of the days that gave them birth, 
and partake of the loyalty of those hours. 

We miss and mourn our companions, who were test 
ed in emergencies who were proven strong amid perils 
_ and who bore help in need to the very uttermost of 
heroic possibility. 

Ours is primarily a military association of those who 
bore well their part as soldiers during the War of the 
Rebellion; but the underlying principle which gives it 
standing, is loyalty to, and service for our country; and 
by our charter rights we honor ourselves in honoring 
with a "special membership," those in civil life, who 
during the Rebellion were specially distinguished for 
loyal and eminent service for our country and our coun 
try s cause. 

For the first time since our Commandery had its birth 
we are called to mourn the death of a companion of the 
Third Class of an honorary member whose conspicu 
ous loyalty and distinguished services in civil life, in the 
dark days of the Rebellion, made him eminent among 
the supporters of our government, and honored and re 
vered in our Commandery. On Friday evening, Sep 
tember i6th, in the home of his childhood, and amid the 
autumn glories of his loved Green Mountains, the Hon. 
Mark Skinner heard and answered the call of his Great 
Commander, and passed away from among men. 

Born in 1813, the son and grandson of distinguished 
parents, Judge Skinner became a citizen of Chicago 
shortly after graduating from Middlebury College, and 
in our then infant city, took almost at once an active 
place among its trusted and influential citizens. 

Clear and broad of intellect; scholarly by nature and 
by habit; a tireless but discriminating reader; a thought- 



MEMORIALS. 35 

ful observer; a lover of right, and gifted with singularly 
clear perceptions; a just man, whose integrity knew no 
shading; warm of heart, and quick of hand; a strong 
friend, and an enemy without malice; unselfish, and 
strangely modest, Judge Skinner grew in maturity and 
in influence, as our city grew in years and in outreach. 

From the year 1836, until he had long passed the 
allotted three score years and ten, there were few objects 
of local interest or importance undertaken in our city, 
in which the scholarly research, the cultured thought and 
clear mind of Judge Skinner were not trusted factors in 
winning support and in assuring the best results. The 
whirl and rapid growth of our great city have of late 
years largely buried out of sight the debt we owe to 
those who, in its earlier years, builded even better than 
they knew; but in the records of our city the student of 
its history will find the name and influence of Judge 
Skinner to have been an active power in every good 
word and work, and largely potent in making possible 
its later position among the great centers of our land. 

We honor Judge Skinner for his services and exam 
ple as a "citizen of no mean city; " but far more do we 
cherish his memory and honor his high name as patriot, 
and as eminent in service for his country. 

A father, he held not back his only son, just fresh 
from the honors of Yale, when the movings of an inher 
ited loyalty impelled that son to offer his life to his 
country in her peril; and later, when the son had died 
in battle, and the light of his life that w r as the promise 
of his old age, was put out, his prayer was the patriot s 
prayer, that the service given at so great cost might have 
been to his country s gain. As citizen, Judge Skinner 
responded loyally to the call of duty, and gave with 
whole heart his time and strength, his health, and almost 



36 MEMORIALS. 

his life, in an untiring effort to meet recognized and 
pressing emergencies. 

Early in June, 1861, at the request of the Govern 
ment, an effort had been made to establish here in Chi 
cago the centre of a Northwestern Sanitary Commission, 
but the effort failed to secure the public confidence or 
support, and died. In October of the same year, our 
Government urged again the importance of organized 
help from the Northwest; and in response the "North 
western Branch of the Sanitary Commission" was 
formed, with Judge Skinner as its President. Peculiarly 
fitted, by intense loyalty and high ability, to the special 
duties of the position, Judge Skinner was even better 
fitted to be the founder of the "Sanitary Commission" 
by reason of the high position in the public esteem held 
by him at that day, and the universal respect and per 
fect confidence reposed in him by all our people. Modest, 
retiring, and quiet in manner and in speech, he little 
knew how universally he was trusted and esteemed. The 
people responded at once to the calls of the " Sanitary 
Commission." Branches were established throughout 
the Northwest; depots established for ready reach of the 
armies in the field; supply and hospital boats were 
" quick " and ready after every battle; nurses and doctors 
were on hand to meet the needs of great emergencies; 
agents were everywhere, meeting needs, giving informa 
tion, and preparing for future emergencies; the railroad 
companies gave preference and special place to Sanitary 
requests and Sanitary cars; Sanitary freight had prefer 
ence to all other, unless perhaps the mail; and more than 
once passenger and express trains were switched one side 
in order that special trains of Sanitary freight, and the 
Sanitary messengers of "good will to men" might hasten 
past on their errands of loyalty and mercy. The 



MEMORIALS. ^7 

telegraph companies gave place and special wires to the 
merciful needs and calls of our Sanitary Commission, 
and the Northwest, throughout its length and breadth, 
was ablaze with proven loyalty. 

Judge Skinner had won for the "Northwestern Sani 
tary Commission" the confidence, the sympathy and 
active support of those whose hearts were with their 
fathers and husbands, their sons and brothers in the 
field; and all that organized energy, wise forethought 
and self-sacrificing efforts could do, was being done. 
Our Government was lightened of heavy burdens and 
anxieties; our armies were strengthened of heart and 
hand; and our sick and wounded tenderly cared for. 

To the loyal organizer and indefatigable President of 
our "Northwestern Sanitary Commission," who made it 
strong to give help to a nation in urgent need, and to 
accomplish a work of rnercy unprecedented in history; 
to our late distinguished companion the Hon. Mark 
Skinner, we owe honor and warm gratitude. We miss 
and mourn our companion, but shall cherish and honor 
his memory. 

Resolved, That we tender to the family of the de 
ceased the expression of our sincerest sympathy. 

Resolved, That this "minute "be entered upon our 
records, and that a copy of the same, signed by the 
Commander and Recorder, be forwarded to the family 

of our late companion. 

SARTKLL PRKNTICK, 
WM. E. STRONG, 
| NO. L. THOMPSON, 

Committee. 




EDWARD DOMINICUS KITTOE. 

Lieutenant Colonel and Brevet Colonel, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Galena, Illinois, September 2g, i88j. 

I HE Illinois Commandery of the Military Order of the 
V Loyal Legion is called upon to mourn the loss of 
one of its members. 

Your Committee, appointed to take action upon the 
death of our late companion, Dr. Edward D. Kittoe, 
submit the following report and move that it be inscribed 
upon the records of the Commandery and that a copy 
thereof be sent to his afflicted family, with the profound 
assurances of our sincere and heartfelt sympathy in their 
bereavement. 

On the 29th day of September, 1887, Dr. Edward 
Dominicus Kittoe died after a long and painful illness, 

38 



MKMORIALS 39 

at his residence in Galena, Illinois, aged 73 years. He 
was the son of Robinson Kittoe of the Royal Navy, Eng 
land, and was born at Woolwich, Kent, England, June 
20, 1814. Having received his primary education at the 
grammar school at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, he served 
an apprenticeship to a surgeon and apothecary, and then 
coming to America in his eighteenth year, began the 
study of medicine under the late Dr. Samuel Jackson, of 
Northumberland, Pennsylvania. His professional train 
ing was completed at the Pennsylvania Medical College, 
whence he graduated M. D. in 1841. 

He established himself at Muncy, Lycoming county, 
Pennsylvania, where he remained in successful practice 
until 1851, when he removed to Galena, Illinois. Dur 
ing his residence in Pennsylvania he was a member of 
the State Medical Society and served in 1850-51 as one 
of its Vice-Presidents. He was elected a member of the 
Chicago Academy of Natural Sciences in August, 1862. 

Our late companion was intensely loyal to his adopt 
ed country and when the strife culminated in open hos 
tility to the flag of the Union he did not hesitate, but 
left family, friends, and a lucrative practice to give his 
professional services to those who went to the front in 
defense of the Union. 

Dr. Kittoe went out as Surgeon in the Forty-fifth 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry. His skill and efficiency were 
fully recognized and he was not permitted to remain with 
his regiment, but was detailed upon the Staff of General 
W. T. Sherman, where he served until the spring of 
1864, when he was promoted Medical Inspector with 
rank of Lieutenant Colonel and assigned to duty upon 
the Staff of General Grant and later assigned to duty as 
Medical Inspector of the Northwest, with headquarters 
at Dubuque, Iowa. He was brevetted Colonel of Volun- 



40 MEMORIALS. 

teers, September 3Oth, and mustered out of service Octo 
ber 31, 1 865. He was elected a companion of this Com- 
mandery April /, 1887 ("Insignia No. 4636). 

Dr. Kittoe was positive in his convictions; while he 
shunned notoriety he was outspoken in his denunciation 
of hypocrisy, falsehood and sham, regardless of conse 
quence to himself. He was an honest, brave, true man, 
an affectionate husband and kind and indulgent father. 
To the afflicted his services were freely given; the 
unfortunate never appealed to him in vain, and his death 
is sincerely mourned by the community in which he lived. 

JNO. E. SMITH, 
A. L. CHETLAIX, 
E. R. P. SHURLY, 

Committee. 




HON. ELIHU B. WASHBURNE. 

Companion of Uie TJiird Class. Died at Chicago, October 22, iS8~j. 

I HE Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion of the 
^ United States, at its first regular meeting since the 
death of Companion Elihu B. Washburne, desiring to 
express in such enduring form as it may, the deep feeling 
of sorrow thus caused, as well as its sense of the loss to 
the public, to the Loyal Legion, and to this Command 
ery, which his death brings with it, places this minute 
on its record. 

Elihu Benjamin Washburne, member of the Third 
Class of this Commandery, died in this city at about four 
o clock in the afternoon of Saturday the 22d day of 
October last. 

41 



42 MEMORIALS. 

Born at Livermore in the State of Maine, the son of 
a country merchant of limited means, and the third of 
seven brothers, his early opportunities for education 
were not liberal, but he succeeded with the help of a 
friend, after some preliminary study, in graduating from 
the Harvard Law School, and only thus equipped, he 
turned his face westward and in 1849 settled at Galena 
in this State. 

From this beginning, after successfully practicing his 
profession for a few years, he was in 1852 elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of the National 
Congress, taking his seat the same day that Franklin 
Pierce was inaugurated President. For sixteen consecu 
tive years, he was each two years re-elected by the same 
constituency, and during his period of service in Con 
gress, thus prolonged, commencing with the repeal of 
the Missouri Compromise Act, and ending with the elec 
tion of General Grant to the Presidency, he served as 
chairman of the Committee on Commerce (holding this 
position from 1857 to 1865) Chairman of the Commit 
tee on Appropriations of the Committee on Johnson s 
Impeachment of the special Committee on the death of 
Mr. Lincoln and was a member of the Committee on 
Reconstruction. At the time of his retirement he had 
been a member of the house longer than any other man 
in it. 

In this (as in all other positions which during the 
course of his most eventful life he held) he was, if cir 
cumstances required, aggressive, and always courageous, 
faithful and intelligent. Ever in favor of the strictest 
economy, he spoke and voted against extravagant appro 
priations for rivers and harbors, steamship subsidies and 
land grant schemes. He secured the establishment of 
national cemeteries, and introduced the first postal tele- 



MEMORIALS. 43 

graph bill in the house. In promoting the career of 
General Grant he was constant and able. When he first 
took upon himself the defense of the latter, they were 
not personally acquainted, yet rarely has man ever found 
a friend so active, zealous and devoted. 

Appointed Secretary of State for the United States, 
after a few days service he resigned and was at once sent 
as American Minister to France. 

This office he held for nearly nine eventful years, em 
bracing the period of the German War the fall of the 
French Empire the siege and bombardment of Paris 
the Commune and the bloody battles and fierce de 
struction which attended the final success of the govern 
ment of M. Thiers (the Republic), and his services and 
action during these years gave him a reputation wherever 
English, French or German is spoken. 

He was the personal friend of Lincoln and Grant 
upon terms of social intimacy with Thiers and Gambetta 
much esteemed by the Emperor William and Bis 
marck the choice of a very large number of his coun 
trymen scattered from Maine to Georgia for President 
his name a familiar one in all parts of the civilized world. 

He compassed the whole range of social and political 
distinction; he was the peer of the best men of a gener 
ation fruitful in developing talent, and took a prominent 
part in social and political convulsions the most momen 
tous of modern times, yet never for a moment did he 
lose his simplicity of character or his fine feeling of good 
fellowship, as happy to be a member of the Loyal Legion 
and to be present at our simple meetings as to be the 
guest of an emperor. 

Almost immediately after his arrival in Paris, war 
was declared by France against Germany. It was un 
foreseen, unexpected, reckless, and brought untold misery 



44 MEMORIALS. 

to many thousands of honest and unprepared men and 
women and their children. The Minister of the North 
German Confederacy withdrew, leaving over thirty thou 
sand of his poor unfortunate countrymen to the care of 
the American Minister; the Saxon Minister arid the Min 
isters of Hesse and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha also withdrew 
most of the resident ministers of other nations closed 
their embassies and left; ( all representing first-class 
powers, except Mr. Washburne, wrote Lord Lyons, the 
English Ambassador), and it seemed as if all the foreign 
population of Paris looked to him for advice and aid, 
some for permission to leave, others to remain, all alike 
for protection for person and property. 

Before the end came he was representing, besides the 
North German Confederation, Saxony and Saxe-Coburg- 
Gotha, Hesse-Darmstadt, Portugal, Mexico, Colombia, 
Uruguay, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Chili, Para 
guay and Venezuela. He was constant in season and 
out of season, not sparing himself, patient, prudent, 
courageous and sagacious, urging fairness, comity, a 
liberal construction of the rights of citizens of a belliger 
ent country in the territory of the enemy at the breaking- 
out of war, and the rights of neutrals. One week con 
testing with the Duke of Grammont, the French Minis 
ter of Foreign Affairs, the right of the French Govern 
ment to refuse Germans, resident in Paris at the com 
mencement of hostilities, permission to leave, and the 
next or shortly after, with equal decision and determina 
tion opposing with all his power of logic, authority and 
will, the execution of a decree of the Government ex 
pelling them. His kindly relation to the German Gov 
ernment and people did not prevent his protesting against 
a bombardment of the City of Paris by the German army 
without previous notice, and mindful all the time of the 



MEMORIALS. 45 

dignity of his own position, when Bismarck sought to 
invade his rights to his mail he spiritedly refused to re 
ceive it at all unless the bag containing it came unopened 
and undisturbed, claiming the right of correspondence 
with his own Government as the representative in the 
Capital of a belligerent of a neutral power. 

He would, he said, "reject any concession of a 
courier, coupled with the condition that his dispatches 
go unsealed. He would not write a dispatch to his Gov 
ernment which would have to be submitted to the in 
spection of any other Government on the face of the 
earth." He was never for a moment off his guard, and 
never failed to protest against and take active steps to 
prevent an invasion of the rights of his own people, or 
those that belonged to the citizens of other nations that 
applied to him, often exerting himself with the French 
themselves to save the life of, or give liberty to some of 
their own countrymen. The extent, responsibility, and 
often exasperating nature of his duties cannot be over 
stated. 

He gave over thirty thousand safe conducts to for 
eigners desiring to leave Paris within the first thirty days, 
supplied eight thousand with railroad tickets, and many 
of them with money. The wife of Marshal McMahon 
and her brother applied to him for and obtained a safe 
conduct to go to her wounded husband, and on January 
1 3th, the war having begun in the September preceding, 
he writes that he was aiding two thousand two hundred 
and seventy-six poverty-stricken Germans. 

Often made the means of communication between 
the German Chancellor and the French Minister, the 
vehicle of complaints and threats of retaliation now from 
one and now from the other, he was constant in his 
efforts to soften, mollify and persuade. Fver at his post, 



46 MEMORIALS. 

never too busy to take on a new care, not asking whether 
it was his duty as a minister if he saw it to be such as a 
man, sick, overworked, the end of the war was indeed 
a boon. 

And yet, as he wrote to Mr. Labouchere (who as a 
correspondent of a London paper had remained in Paris 
during the siege) all the sights and scenes they then wit 
nessed, compared with the events of the Commune, 
"were but as a flash in the pan compared with a full 
discharge all along the line with the killed, wounded and 
missing." 

There was in the City of Paris, with its two millions 
of inhabitants, no law, no protection, no authority ex 
cept that of an organized mob. Anarchy, robbery, mur 
der, assassination reigned supreme, force and terror in 
absolute mastery. 

The Tuilleries the Library of the Louvre the Hotel 
de Ville the palaces of the Ministry of Finance, of the 
Council of State and of the Legion of Honor the Con 
vent of the Magdalens the Court of Exchequer, each of 
them of great size and dignity and models of architecture 
and the Tuilleries and the Hotel de Ville of great his 
torical interest, the property of the men and women who 
burned them, were burned, and with them hundreds of 
other buildings. 

The Commune resolved to destroy all works of art 
glorifying periods which in its opinion were disgraceful 
to France. 

One of its decrees was as follows: " Considering that 
the Museum of the Louvre contains great numbers of 
pictures, statues and other objects of art, which being 
externally to the mind of the people the actions of gods, 
kings and priests, therefore, decreed: that the Museum 
of the Louvre shall be burnt to the ground." 



MEMORIALS. 47 

And another: "Citizen Millicre, at the head of one 
hundred and fifty fuse-bearers, is to set fire to all houses 
of suspicious aspect as well as to the public monuments 
on the left bank of the Seine. Citizen Dereure with one 
hundred and fifty fuse-bearers is charged with the first 
and second arrondissements, Citizen Billoray with one 
hundred men is charged with the ninth, tenth and twen 
tieth arrondissements. Citizen Tesnier with fifty men 
has the Boulevards of the Madeleine and of the Bastile 
especially entrusted to him. " 

Houses were robbed; wherever a German was found 
he was seized and imprisoned; churches were converted 
into club houses, the clergy hunted down and placarded 
as thieves; hostages were murdered, sixty-three at one 
time. 

The Invalides was mined and the Column of the Place 
Vendome pulled down. The venerable Archbishop of 
Paris, whose whole life had been spent in acts of charity, 
was shot by order of an official. 

Yet Mr. \Yashburne remained at his post, fearlessly 
meeting every danger till seventy-nine days of this kind 
of life had run and order was restored. It is almost im 
possible to realize the tact, perseverance and judgment, 
the coolness and courage required. 

During all these days, first of war, and then of horror 
and of crime, the American Embassy, flying the flag of 
our country, was a protection and a place of safety. 

Mr. \Yashburne s commission as minister was signed 
March 17, 1869. He reached New York after his resig 
nation on the 23d of September, 1877, and from that date 
made Chicago his residence. His friends were ever 
dearer to him than his honors. He writes of those whom 
he knew in his boyhood, the companions of his father 
"here in this far off besieged citv in these long dismal 



48 MEMORIALS. 

days I think of them all," and of the friends of his man 
hood with great warmth of affection. All through his 
diary there runs a vein of earnest allegiance to persona 
ties. 

He was, as wrote a Latin poet, as words of highest 
praise, "Justum et tenacem propositi virum," a just man 
and strong of purpose, He was sagacious, self-reliant, 
cool and collected; as an observer of men and things, 
independent in his judgment and fearless in its expres 
sion. His personal character was without a breath of 
suspicion, and confidence and respect followed him. 

His enduring monument is the part he took in shap 
ing the destinies of this great nation. 

E. B. McCAGG, 
A. L. CHETLAIN, 
W. A. MONTGOMERY, 

Committee. 




JOHN LEVEKETT THOMPSON. 

Colonel First Xcic Hampshire Ca<<alry and Rre.ret Brigadier 

General, United States I olunteers. Died at 

Chicago, /a unary 77, iSSS. 

IN writing of the Solicitor General of England in the 
beginning of the nineteenth century, Eord Brougham 
says: It is fit that no occasion on which Sir Samuel 
Romilly is named should ever be passed over without an 
attempt to record the virtues and endowments of so great 
and so good a man for the instruction of after ages. Few 
persons have ever attained celebrity of name and exalted 
station in any country or in any age with such unsullied 
purity of character as this equally eminent and excellent 
person. His virtue was stern and inflexible, adjusted 
indeed rather to the rigorous standard of ancient morality 
than to the less ambitious and less elevated maxims of 
the modern code. 

49 



50 MEMORIALS. 

" He was in truth a person of the most natural and 
simple manners, and one in whom the kindliest charities 
and warmest feelings of human nature were blended in 
the largest measure with that firmness and unrelaxed 
sincerity of principle in almost all other men found to be 
little compatible with the attributes of a gentle nature 
and the feelings of a tender heart. 

" The observer who gazes upon the character of this 
great man is naturally struck first of all with its most 
prominent feature, and that is the rare excellence which 
we have now marked so far above every gift of the under 
standing, and which throws the lustre of mere genius 
into the shade." 

All this might be recorded of our late Companion, 
General John L. Thompson, at one time a Vice-Com 
mander. The character which in him rounded out and 
marked him as citizen and lawyer is defined by the 
adjectives fair, true, kind, equable, earnest and firm. 

But in this Commandery and in other organizations 
having their origin from like causes, it is well to note 
that these qualities developed the soldier, and in turn 
were brightened and enlarged by the experiences of a 
soldier s life. 

The majority of the voters of the present day in the 
United States have no recollection of the war of the 
Rebellion drawn from personal experiences or participa 
tion. To their minds the war is presented in the form 
of historical statement. 

To those who, in the winter of 1860-1861, watched 
the rise of the spirit of rebellion, the vacillation of the 
administration, the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln, the 
hesitation to supply Fort Sumter, the secession of South 
Carolina, the firing of the first gun, the call to arms, the 
events of that and the four subsequent years, if at this 



MEMORIALS. 51 

distance of time almost a dream, are yet a dream with 
the vividness of reality. There was nothing then in Mr. 
Thompson to mark him for the field. To militia service 
or the pomp of parade he had shown no liking or apti 
tude. Quietly, reservedly, modestly, he was closing the 
course of study which should fit him for the practice of 
his chosen profession. 

But he was missed, and after two days his friends 
having a suspicion where he might be, found him in line 
in the old Armory building in Chicago, standing where 
the present Rookery building now is. Some sapient 
officer had advised that men who should enlist should be 
kept in confinement, not appreciating that volunteers as 
six to one to fill the call were then ready. Thompson 
was in the ranks undergoing an inspection of some sort, 
and as the hand was given, said: "You see I have done 
it," words characteristic in their brevity and expressive 
of a resolution born of thoughtful purpose. 

That evening he departed for Cairo, amid the cheers 
of a multitude on the lake front. There visitors found 
him a month or more later, corporal of a battery, calmly 
performing in mud and rain the duties which he had 
assumed drilling and making ready. So he remained 
until disease overtook him, and at or about the close of 
the three months service he went to his old home in 
Massachusetts, whither his family had moved from New 
Hampshire, apparently permanently disabled, for he had 
never been very strong. His battery for the most part 
re-enlisted. His friends at Chicago joined the service 
under later calls, but mostly in the West. 

When next heard of he had recovered and was First 
Lieutenant in the First Rhode Island Cavalry, formed of 
three battalions, one from New Hampshire, his native 
State, another from Massachusetts and a third from 



52 MEMORIALS. 

Rhode Island. The regiment entered upon active service 
in Virginia and was assigned to the Shenandoah. 

On December 3, 1861, Lieutenant Thompson became 
Captain; on July 3, 1862, Major; on July 11, Lieutenant 
Colonel, and on January 4, 1863, Colonel. In March, 
1864, he resigned to take the command of the First New 
Hampshire Cavalry, which honorably shared in the com 
mand of Sheridan the memorable skirmishes, battles and 
pursuits of that year. He was brevetted for distinguished 
services. To say of him that he was always ready, that 
he had his command in hand, that he \vas prudent and 
yet bold even to daring, that whether in the charge or in 
holding the fruits of victory he was equally prompt, 
efficient and able, is to say only what was said spontan 
eously by all who were with him. 

One of his enlisted men said, looking upon his re 
mains as they lay in his residence, "There is the best 
and bravest man that ever lived," a testimonial the value 
and strength of which every officer knows. 

Occasions like this are frequent; memories rise and 
thicken, but it is not permitted to lengthen or fill out the 
sketch. In the reports of three States are the records 
of his achievements. 

The full measure of the man is better recognized in 
the outlines; and we therefore sadly but proudly in simple 
but few words, give this our tribute to the one of our 
number who has last passed away. 

GEO. W. SMITH, 
E. B. McCAGG, 
H. W. JACKSON, 

Committee. 




THOMAS CORDIS CEARKE. 

Second Lieutenant Thirty -ninth Massachusetts /tifantrv and 
J/(t/or, L yiitcd States Volunteers. Hied at 
Chicago, //linois, /ulv 6, 



O REVET Major Thomas Cordis Clarke, a companion 
HI of this Commander} 7 of the First Class, died July 6, 
iS88, at his home in the city of Chicago, after an 
illness of three days. Before his sudden and fatal attack, 
he was apparently in the prime and vigor of manhood. 
Physically an athlete, mentally and in demeanor a man 
of unusually even temper, always cheerful, friendly, 
companionable, sympathetic, never flurried or excited in 
his own behalf or in his own interests, his best work, his 
most earnest endeavor, was put forth in behalf of his 
friends. He was one of those rare men of whom it might 
be truly said, he delighted more in the good of others 

53 



54 MEMORIALS. 

than in his own prosperity. The name of friend and the 
quality of friendship is better defined and of more vigor 
ous fibre when coupled with his memory. He was the 
friend of all the members of this Commandery; he loved 
the Loyal Legion and all its members. Next to his 
family, this Order was the dearest association on earth 
to him. 

He was loyal and true in all things, loving his country 
passionately, well nigh worshiping the old flag, beneath 
whose shining folds he proudly inarched, in boyish pride, 
through Baltimore s bloody streets, joining the Sixth 
Massachusetts Infantry in April, 1861. He attained the 
rank of Captain when Gettysburg was fought, in 1863. 
Had the war found him more mature in years, with his 
splendid physique and sterling qualities of mind and 
heart, it is hard to say what official rank he might not 
have attained. As it was, he was younger than most of 
us, dying at the age of forty- six. But no matter what 
his rank, he was in every sense a man, manly in his 
actions and aspirations, gentle and kind, sincere, honest 
and honorable. 

Major Clarke was intensely imbued with State pride 
the right sort of pride. He was proud of Massachusetts 
because she never swerved in her devotion to the flag. 
Well might she be proud of such a son. We have reason 
to be proud of such a companion. The city of Chicago, 
upon whose official roster the name of our dead friend 
appeared for more than a decade, has reason to be 
proud of him. No hint or suspicion was ever whispered 
against his fair fame. Oh, rare embodiment and com 
bination of most excellent virtues! Brave soldier, stead 
fast friend, untarnished public officer! For thy valor we 
will lay upon thy tomb the heroic emblems a broken 
sword, a wreath of laurel leaves. For thy immaculate 



MEMORIALS. 55 

friendship, thou deservest the love of thy brethren; and 
for thy unsullied integrity thou hast earned the compan 
ionship of the just. 

CHARLES FIT/ SIMONS, 
JOHN W. STREKTEK, 
TAYLOR P. KI-NDLET, 

Committee. 




ALBERT ZABRISKIE GRAY. 

Chaplain I- onrth Massachusetts Cavalry, United Stales Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, February 27, iSSg. 

3IXCE our last meeting another vacancy has occurred 
in the ranks of our Commandery, and we are called 
upon to mourn the loss of Chaplain Albert Z. Gray, 
who died in Chicago, after a brief illness, on the 2/th day 
of February, 1889. Although one of our later members, 
he was warmly attached to our organization, and it was 
a source of regret to him, as to us, that his exacting 
duties as Warden of Racine College prevented his more 
frequent attendance. 

Chaplain Albert Zabriskie Gray was born in the City 
of New York, of an old and distinguished family, on the 
second of March, 1840. He was educated at the Univer 
se 



MEMORIALS. 57 

sity of New York, where he graduated in 1860. He 
immediately entered upon the preparatory studies for 
the ministry in Geneva, Switzerland, which were com 
pleted later at the General Theological Seminary of the 
Episcopal Church, in the City of New York, where he 
was ordained by Bishop Potter in 1864. 

He was profoundly moved by the great struggle then 
going on for the preservation of this government, and his 
admission to the ministry was hastened by Bishop Potter 
to enable him to accept the position of Chaplain in the 
Fourth Massachusetts Cavalry, commanded by Colonel 
Rand, now Recorder of the Commandery of the State of 
Massachusetts. He promptly took the field with his 
regiment, where he shared with it the glories, perils, 
hardships and privations of the magnificent Cavalry 
Corps of the Army of the Potomac in 1864 and 1865, 
commanded by that illustrious soldier, Lieutenant Gen 
eral Sheridan. 

Chaplain Gray was captured by the enemy in one of 
the many battles in which he participated, and was a 
prisoner of war when General Lee surrendered at Appo- 
mattox Court House in 1865. During his service in the 
army he became especially endeared to his command, 
and was a devoted, faithful soldier, in the hospital and 
around the camp fire, in the ranks of those "who fought 
without guns." 

Upon the return of peace he accepted the rectorship 
of a parish at Bloomfield, New Jersey, where he remained 
two years, when ill health compelled him to resign. He 
then visited the principal countries of Lurope; extended 
his travels to Lgypt and the Holy Land, and, upon his 
return to the country he had helped to restore, he ac 
cepted a parish at Garrisons on the Hudson, where he 
remained until 1882, when he was elected \Yarden of 



58 MEMORIALS. 

Racine College. He brought to his new field of labor, 
in the West, a mind cultivated by study at home and 
abroad, and a lofty zeal in his work, to which he faith 
fully devoted himself with marked ability and success 
until his resignation in December, 1888. 

Chaplain Gray was a man of culture and marked 
literary ability; he was a frequent contributor of fugitive 
pieces to the press. Among others, a poem upon the 
death of Canon Charles Kingsley and one upon the tight 
at "Tel el Keber, " in Egypt, attracted marked attention. 
He published several books, among which were a collec 
tion of sacred poems, a collection of studies in Palestine, 
"The Land and the Life," and "Mexico As It Is." 

His death, in Chicago, at the early age of forty-nine, 
in the flower of manhood, with a wide career of usefulness 
and honor before him, was a misfortune deeply to be 
deplored. 

He labored with zeal and earnestness in every position 
to which he was called. In private life he was warm 
hearted, cultivated and courteous a perfect type of the 
Christian gentleman. 

Chaplain Gray left a widow and a wide circle of de 
voted friends but no child to bear his name or succeed 
him on the rolls of the " Loyal Legion." 

His work is done; we can truthfully say of him in his 
own beautiful language in one of his sacred poems: 

" Oh, happy they whose faith and love 
Through grave and gate of death endure! 
Thrice happy they, who from its sleep 
Rise to the vision of the pure." 

The Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion, bear 
ing in mind his sterling qualities as soldier and citizen, 
tenders its respectful sympathy to his bereaved widow 
and his relatives and friends, and directs that this minute 



MEMORIALS. 59 

of regard to the memory of Chaplain Albert /abriskie 
Gray be entered upon its records. 

Kl HKAIM A. OTIS, 

AMOS J. HAKDIXC,, 
JAMES NKVINS HYDE, 

( \) nun it tec. 




AXSOX SPERRY. 

Major and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Marengo, Illinois, August 24, 



ONCE again is our first fall gathering saddened by the 
knowledge that, since our last meeting, one more 
of our number has been called away, and to his 
home. On Saturday evening, August 24, 1889, died 
Major and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Anson Sperry, 
late Paymaster of Volunteers. 

Earnest and loyal in character, Colonel Sperry felt 
deeply the personal responsibility inherent in his citizen 
ship, and from the moment when war was made a neces 
sity, he was warmly and earnestly active in his neighbor 
hood, in furthering, in his own modest but efficient way, 
to the best of his ability, the prompt and best fulfilling 
of our country s calls for soldiers and their needs. 

60 



MEMORIALS. 6l 

As the months of the years of 1861 and 1862 passed, 
with their disheartening record, and the immensity of 
the struggle for national existence became apparent, 
Colonel Sperry recognized and accepted the duty resting 
upon each citizen of our land in its need, to give to the 
utmost of his personal service, and without thought of 
sacrifice he closed up his business connections and offered 
his services to his country. 

Already approaching the age deemed unfitting for the 
needs of a soldier s service in the field; untrained and in 
experienced in soldierly duties, but thoroughly equipped 
in experience of business modes and in exact accounting, 
he knew that his best service to his country lay in some 
position of business responsibility; and in accordance 
with his request, he was appointed Paymaster of Volun 
teers in February, 1863, and joined at once the Army of 
the Cumberland. 

During the years 1863, 64 and 65, Colonel Sperry 
was prompt, efficient, conscientious, active, ofttimes 
daring, and always thorough and exact, in the full per 
formance of the trying and responsible duties that the 
shifting scenes and varying localities of the war made 
necessary. In December, 1865, he was mustered out; 
and to the acknowledgment from the Paymaster Gener 
al s office of the receipt and settlement of his accounts, 
was added an autograph and complimentary note of ap 
preciation, stating that his had been one of the very few 
of the accounts then finally settled and closed, that had 
been found without error and fully exact. 

Returning to civil life Colonel Sperry found himself, 
like many another in those days, not only broken in 
health from his services for his country, but outside the 
current of business ways or of business connections that 
could enable him to resume the support of his family in 



62 MEMORIALS. 

a fitting manner. After several years of an experience, 
unhappily not rare for those who during the war had 
served loyally and with whole hearts their country, he 
formed a business relation with our late honored and 
revered Associate Member of the Third Class, the Hon. 
Mark Skinner, and with him for some twenty years was 
entrusted, in our city, with the administration and wise 
care of many millions of trust funds, and with a confi 
dence that was always justified in his rectitude and loyal 
exactness. 

As has been \vell said of him, in a personal letter, by 
one who had known him well and had trusted him largely: 
"Perfect in integrity, in industry, zeal, faithfulness, sim 
plicity, and in self-forgetting devotion to the needs of 
others, Colonel Sperry was an unfortunately rare man; 
and one whom none who knew him well could spare." 

We, in our Commandery, knew Colonel Sperry in an 
especial way; as we know those who have been tested 
and tried, and found in times of trial and need, always 
loyal and brave and true. We shall receive no more his 
modest and quiet greeting; we shall enjoy no more with 
him the reminiscences of war days; we shall miss and 
mourn him at our future meetings. 

Resolved, That our Commandery tender to the family 
of our late companion, sincere sympathy in the great 
loss that has lately come to them. 

SARTELL PRENTICE, 
WM. E. STRONG, 
E. A. OTIS, 

Committee. 




EDWARD BURGIX KXOX. 

Major and />> ( I d Lieutenant Colonel, ( niled Slates .l>-i\ . Died at 
Chicago, April <;, iSgo. 

I HE Illinois Commandery of the Military Order of 
4^ the Loyal Legion has again been called upon to 
mourn the loss of an honorable companion, Colonel 
Edward B. Knox, one whose martial spirit united him 
with the military history of his adopted State, long be 
fore the Civil War called out the latent patriotism of 
this country. 

Colonel Knox first served as an enlisted man, in the 
National Guards Cadet Corps, organized in Chicago, 
March 19, 1856; again, in the United States Cadets, or 
Ellsworth Zouaves Corps, where we rind him serving as 
Second Sergeant, and from this almost to the date of his 
death his service has been continuous. 

63 



64 MEMORIALS. 

After the first shot was fired on Sumter he lost no 
time in tendering his services to his country. He was 
commissioned First Lieutenant, Eleventh New York 
Infantry, U. S. V., April 23, 1861; promoted Captain, 
Forty-fourth New York Infantry, July 4, 1862; Major, 
July 14, 1862; Lieutenant Colonel (not mustered), August 
27, 1863. He was mustered out October 11, 1864, to 
receive an appointment in the Regular Army as Second 
Lieutenant. 

He was promoted to First Lieutenant, Twenty-first 
Infantry, U. S. A., June 16, 1865, serving thereafter in 
various honorable details, until May 7, 1870, when he 
was placed on the retired list on account of wounds. 

He was brevetted Captain for "gallant and meritor 
ious services " at Hanover Court House; brevetted Major 
for Gettysburg, and brevetted Lieutenant Colonel for 
Spottsylvania Court House. 

Recognizing the importance of a thoroughly organized 
National Guard, he again entered the service of the State 
of Illinois as Captain Co. B, First Infantry, September 
8, 1874; Major, First Infantry, April 10, 1875, resigned 
February 14, 1876. He again entered the State service 
as Captain Co. F, First Infantry, October 15, 1877; was 
promoted Major, July 30, 1878, Lieutenant Colonel, 
March 19, 1879, and Colonel, October 11, 1882. Fail 
ing health compelled him to tender his resignation, 
which was accepted April 6, 1889. His death occurred 
April 9, 1890. 

But no mere record of military service will give the 
history of Colonel Knox. His life cannot be measured 
by dates of commissions, or periods of duty. For into 
these commissions he poured out all the strength of his 
life, striving as few men have striven to make these 
periods fruitful. In his career as a soldier he exemplified 



MEMORIALS. 65 

the three graces of the warrior courage, obedience, loy 
alty never faltering in times of danger, never hesitating 
in a swift compliance with all orders given him; and at 
all times rendering a true and cordial support to his 
commanders. 

As a man, he was genuine to the core, never assum 
ing either position or acquirement not fully his; he was 
simple, refined, and courteous; generous to a fault in the 
only gifts he had to give his time, his abilities and his 
earnest untiring efforts; of these he gave without stint to 
his city, state and country. He gave according to the 
sacred injunction, "without thought of recompense"; 
and that this giving was liberal, and without expectation 
of return, his limited estate speaks eloquently. 

Resolved, That this memorial be spread upon the 
records of this Commandery, and that a copy of the 
same be forwarded to the daughter of Colonel Knox. 

EDGAR I). SWAIN, 
CHAS. FIT/SIMONS, 
CHARLES R. I 7 .. KOCH, 

( Committee. 




SAMUEL RUSH HAVEN. 

Major and Surgeon, United States Volunteers. Died at J\ ezu Loiox, 
Illinois, May ./, iSqo. 

\ A |E are again called upon to mourn the loss of a com- 
**U, panion; one highly distinguished in his sphere of 
duty during the Civil War, and one who had just become 
a member of the Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion 
when the silent messenger of the Most High called him 
from us. 

At the meeting held on April 10, 1890, Samuel Rush 
Haven, Major and Surgeon of United States Volunteers, 
was elected a companion of the Order through this Com 
mandery, but before the next meeting, when he would 
have regularly taken his place among us, he had passed 
from time to eternity. 

66 



MEMORIALS. f>7 

Dr. Haven was born at Sheridan, Chautauqua county, 
New York, on the 29th day of January, 1827, and died 
at the residence of his brother, Dwight Haven, on May 
4, 1890, in the sixty-fourth year of his age. His father, 
emigrated to the neighborhood of Chicago, in the fall of 
1834, bringing with him the doctor, then a child less than 
eight years old. His young life was passed with the 
incidents and struggles common to those who lay foun 
dations in a new country. Upon entering manhood he 
chose the profession of medicine as his life work, and 
matriculated at Rush Medical College, in 1847. He 
graduated in due course with distinction in his class. 
He afterwards practiced his profession with great success, 
going to California in 1850, and returning to Chicago in 
1853, where he formed a partnership with Dr. |. W. 
Freer. In religious faith the doctor was a Congrega- 
tionalist; in politics, a free-soiler and abolitionist. 

When Fort Sumter was fired upon he immediately 
abandoned the emoluments of his private practice and 
was among the very first to enroll himself among that 
noble body of physicians and surgeons, who, amid all 
the hardships and privations of a soldier s life in the 
field, devoted their professional experience and skill to 
relieving the sufferings and saving the lives of those of 
us who were stricken with disease or wounded in the 
service of our country; and to whose unselfish devotion 
many of us are indebted for what of health and life we 
have enjoyed in the remnant of our days. 

On April 21, 1861, Dr. Haven volunteered on the 
first expedition to Cairo, under Brigadier General Swift. 
Afterwards on August 3, 1861, he was mustered into the 
service of the United States, as Major and Surgeon of 
Volunteers, and entered upon his duties in the Army of 
the Potomac, attached to the brigade of General W. F. 



68 MEMORIALS. 

Smith as Brigade Surgeon. He was afterwards Division 
Surgeon under General Heintzelman, and Corps Surgeon 
under General Hancock. He was also with General 
Grant s command at Memphis. He resigned his com 
mission on March 9, 1863. Since the war his home has 
been in Chicago, though absent a great deal in traveling 
abroad. After leaving the army he did not resume the 
practice of his profession, but gave much of his attention 
to investments in real estate, in which by the exercise of 
sound judgment he was abundantly successful. 

In the death of Dr. Haven the Commandery suffers 
the loss of a companion, who, in the crisis of the great 
rebellion, served his country with unselfish devotion, and 
great professional distinction, and who, in civil life, in 
the quiet and honorable discharge of all its duties, has 
borne himself without blemish or reproach. 

JOSEPH B. LEAKE. 
ELIJAH B. SHERMAN, 
OLIVER W. NIXON, 

Committee. 




JULIUS WHITE. 

Brigadier General and Krei el .Major General , I nited States 
Volunteers, Died at l- .i anston, Illinois, Mav /.?, iSgo. 

IN 1 86 1 Julius White laid aside the emoluments of an 
important office, in whose tenure he was assured, to 
raise and command an Illinois regiment. Of modest 
fortune, he did not hesitate, at the call of the country, 
to exchange civic place, power, and large revenue, for 
the hardships, chances, perils, and modest pay of a field 
officer in a volunteer regiment. From September, 1861, 
until the close of the war he was constantly on arduous 
duties. He was promoted Brigadier General and Brevet 
Major General for gallant and meritorious services. His 
successes are a part of the history of the armies Fast 
and W 7 est, and were obtained on many fields of glory, 

69 



7O MEMORIALS. 

from Pea Ridge and Knoxville to Petersburg and the 
defenses of Richmond. 

Trained as a civilian General White entered the army 
when the sun of his life had far passed the meridian line, 
but his ceaseless study, his close application, his native 
love of arms, and his earnest patriotic devotion, easily 
made him a noble officer, fitted to, and exercising large 
commands. The numerous orders of congratulation, 
those badges of decoration for the American officer, which 
were issued to him, speak the appreciation his superiors 
entertained of his ability and bravery; and when, at the 
close of the great war, the headquarters flag of the 
Ninth Corps was given into his custody by companions- 
in-arms who had long seen it wave over his tent in rest, 
and by his side in battle, those who bestowed it gave 
with it their hearts best wishes and their sincere admi 
ration for the commander, and comrade, and friend. 
He prized it more than a marshal s baton, and held it 
dear as his life through all the following years. 

Two of the members of your committee were associ 
ated with General White from 1861 until the close of his 
life. We knew his worthy desires and noble ambitions, 
and with that thorough knowledge we bespeak for him 
the affectionate regard of this Commandery, and a high 
place among the names of our illustrious dead. He was 
a brave soldier, a man who performed thoroughly and 
well all the duties which the fortunes of war, or the 
claims of civil life put upon him; and the world is the 
better for his having passed through it. 

Content with the moderate successes of civil life, 
cherishing the enduring memories of the days of battle, 
one bright honor he deeply craved to be chosen Com 
mander in this noble Order. His wish was gratified; 
and then in peace and modest silence he passed from 



MEMORIALS. JI 

these scenes to the greater ones that lie beyond the line. 
But with him, and the beloved and worthy of God and of 
man, "there is no death, only a going down of the stars 
to rise upon fairer shores." 

Your committee submit the foregoing report and fol 
lowing resolution: 

AVWrvv/, That the foregoing report be approved and 
spread upon the records, and that copies thereof, signed 
by the Commander and Recorder of this Commandery, 
be presented to the widow and family of the deceased. 

JOHN C. BLACK, 
E. A. BLODGKTT, 
JOHN L. BKYEKIDGK, 

Committee. 




JOHN ADAMS FITCH. 

Major Firs/ Illinois Light Artillery i nited States l^oliinleers . 
Died at Chicago, July //, iSqo. 

3ILLNTLY and often the ranks of the Loyal Legion 
are closing upon the vacant spaces left by those 
who have heard life s tattoo for the last time, and 
now lie with arms at rest to await the reveille at the 
Resurrection. Another one of those who near thirty 
years ago responded with all the spendid courage of 
youth to the call of an outraged country, has gone out 
from among us. 

Major John Adams Fitch died on the evening of July 
i ith, after a quiet business life passed in the employ of 
the United States Government for the years succeeding 
his active participation in the Civil \Yar. He left a wife 
whose devotion during a long period of illness greatly 

72 



MEMORIALS. 73 



lightened the intense physical suffering which he 
called upon to endure. 

Major Fitch was born and grew to manhood in the 
State of Vermont, and he had had but a few years ex 
perience in business at Chicago previous to July, 1861, 
when he became a member of Battery E, First Regiment 
Illinois Artillery, being mustered into the United States 
service as Junior First Lieutenant of the same Battery 
in the December following. In May, 1863, he became 
Captain, and later Major, serving with the Army of the 
Tennessee until his muster out in August, 1865. 

Efficient as an artillerist, zealous, alert and cour 
ageous as an officer, he was duly valued by his division 
and corps commanders. One of the various emergencies 
when he was called to vital service was at Guntown, 
when, as a forlorn hope, his battery was placed in front 
and directed to hold the enemy in check until the infan 
try and cavalry had fallen back in safety to the rear. 

As a man, he possessed all the noble attributes of 
friendship; patient with the vagaries of those he esteemed 
and true as steel to all who called him friend, he had a 
grim, sardonic detestation of shams and pettiness. These 
peculiarities endeared him to those so fortunate as to 
know him intimately and made him extreme!} popular 
with that large class of business men with whom he 
came in contact during many years service as a deputy 
collector at the Port of Chicago. 

For the Loyal Legion, Major Fitch felt the most in 
tense regard and pride, and we bespeak for him from our 
comrades of this Commandery an affectionate remem 
brance. RICHARD S. TTTHILL, 

ABIAL R. ABBOTT, 
ALOXZO X. RKECK, 

Committee. 




ROBERT HENRY LEWIS. 

First Lieutenant First Delaware Independent Battery, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Cleveland, Ohio, November 2^, iSqo. 

*TLS THE unflagging march of time adds year upon 
f\ year to the already distant epoch in our country s 
^* history upon which the Loyal Legion formed its 
association, it is but natural that we should be more fre 
quently summoned in sorrow to perform the last rites at 
the biers of departed comrades who have closed their 
records here and have joined the great majority. \Ye 
are already living among the loved and hallowed memo 
ries of dear, brave comrades who have crossed the river 
and are waiting to welcome us. 

But each new loss of a loved and honored companion 
brings its own fresh grief and regret, and none more 
deeply felt than the loss of Lieutenant Lewis. 

74 



MEMORIALS. 75 

First Lieutenant Robert H. Lewis died at his home 
in Cleveland, Ohio, November 27, 1890. As a soldier, 
citizen and friend, his life was without blemish, and his 
untimely loss will be mourned by all who knew him. For 
the Loyal Legion Lieutenant Lewis felt the deepest re 
gard and a soldier s pride, and the surviving members of 
the Order will cherish his memory in affectionate en 
durance. 

HENRY S. PICKANDS, 

A. FGERTON ADAMS, 
JAMES W. BALL, 

Committee. 




THADDEUS HURLBUT CAPRON. 

First Lieutenant (retired], I nited States Army. Died at 
Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania^ December 2^., sSgo. 

ONCE more we are called upon to mourn the loss of 
an admired and beloved companion, almost in the 
prime of life a life made much shorter by the 
hardships, privations and campaigns of the battles of the 
War of the Rebellion and on the Frontier, extending over 
a period of about twenty-seven years. 

Major Thaddeus H. Capron died at Sharon Hill, Penn 
sylvania, where he had recently settled with his family. 
Major Capron entered the service as private in the 
Fifty-fifth Illinois Infantry, September 9, 1861; was pro 
moted to Quartermaster Sergeant November 25, 1862; 
discharged to accept a commission March i, 1863. He 

76 



MEMORIALS. 77 

was commissioned Second Lieutenant Fifty-fifth Illinois 
Infantry September 4, 1862; promoted First Lieutenant 
and Regimental Quartermaster August i, 1863. He was 
commissioned Captain and Assistant Quartermaster, U. 
S. V., June i, 1865; promoted Major and Quartermaster 
June 6, 1865; honorably mustered out of the service 
October 31, 1865. He was commissioned Second Lieu 
tenant in Ninth Infantry, U. S. A., June 22, 1867, and 
promoted to First Lieutenant, November 8, 1871, which 
commission he held until within a few years, when he 
reluctantly retired from the army, on account of physi 
cal disabilities. 

Major Capron participated in all the glorious achieve 
ments of the Army of the Tennessee and in the Indian 
campaigns of the West, with distinction. No more en 
thusiastic and patriotic young soldier undertook the de 
fense of his country in 1861, than he. 

He has gone from among us and we sincerely mourn 
him, not only as a companion of the Order of the Legion, 
but as a true man in every relation of life. In this hour 
of trial we extend to his family our heartfelt sympathy 
and the assurance that we, his fellow officers, will cherish 

his memory to the end. 

ARTHUR C. DUCAT, 

JUDSON D. B ING HAM, 

JOHN T. MrAuLEY, 

Committee. 




ABIAL RALPH ABBOTT. 

First Lieutenant /- irst Hlinois Artillery, L nited States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, January g, iSgi. 

TLBIAL RALPH ABBOTT was born April 5, 1832, 
f\ at Cobbleskill, N. V. He received his academic 
^""** education at Amherst college, and his professional 
training in the Harvard Law School and in the office of 
Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson at Binghamton. 

He came to Chicago in 1857 or 1858 and began the 
practice of the law with excellent prospect of success. 
Ardent in his love of country and intense in his hatred of 
all forms of slaver) and oppression he took an active 
part in the presidential contest which resulted in the 
election of Abraham Lincoln. And when war came, his 
patriotic fervor reaching the point of white heat natur- 

78 



MEMORIALS. 79 

ally made him among the first to respond to the call for 
troops. 

Lieutenant Abbott enlisted April 21, 1861, as a pri 
vate in Battery A, First Illinois Light Artillery; was pro 
moted Senior First Lieutenant in Battery E of the same 
regiment in December, 1861. This Battery was attached 
to General W. T. Sherman s Division, and in the battle 
of Shiloh is said to have fired the first shot. 

In this terrible and bloody struggle Lieutenant Abbott 
was severely wounded by a minie ball in the left shoul 
der, the effect of which lasted through life, making it im 
possible for him to raise his left arm or to bear any 
weight upon it. He however, as soon as permitted, re 
joined his command and was again wounded in the Talla- 
hatchie Campaign. In March, 1863, "on account of 
wounds received in battle and resulting disability," he 
resigned his commission and returned to Chicago to re 
sume the practice of law. 

Language can add nothing to the eloquence of such 
a record of prompt, brave, loyal service in the cause of 
country and freedom. The same absolute fidelity to 
truth and a high sense of duty which actuated our com 
panion and friend at this beginning of his career and sent 
him into the army, there to do his share towards the 
preservation of a republican form of government and our 
free institutions was through life a notable characteristic 
of him as a citizen and as a member of the honorable 
profession of the law. In his professional life his promi 
nent characteristic was his perfect fairness and honesty. 
This quality arose not from motives of expediency or 
policy, but was so ingrained in his very nature that he 
accorded the same virtues to his fellow men as a neces 
sary attribute of their humanity. 

He possessed a strong, clear mind, enriched by a 



SO MEMORIALS. 

broad and liberal reading not alone in the law but as 
well in the ampler and sweeter fields of poetry and gen 
eral literature. 

His home life was ideal. In the tender and true love 
(the tenderest and truest love this world can give) of a 
cultivated and congenial wife and two fond daughters, 
Abbott found ever his content and earthly happiness. 

To this family the Illinois Commandery of the Mili 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion, of which Lieutenant 
Abbott was a highly honored and justly esteemed com 
panion, herein tender condolence and sympathy. 

RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 
HENRY \Y. CALDWELL, 
ALLEN C. WATERHOUSE, 

Committee. 




HENRY WILLIAM BLTLLY HOYT. 

Captain One Hundred and ThirtecntJi Illinois Infant rv, ( nited 
Slates Volunteers. Died at Chicago, I-~ebruar\ u, 



ONCE again on the march through life are we halted 
to close the ranks of this Commandery, from which 
has fallen a loved and faithful companion, who has 
answered to the final roll call. 

Another of the many heroes, who in the hour of its 
greatest peril so nobly responded to the Nation s call for 
help, and with all the zeal and earnestness of his nature 
did what best he could to protect it from impending 
danger, has folded his cloak about him and lain down to 
that sleep from which there is no waking. 

Captain Henry \Yilliam Betley Hoyt died on the 
evening of February 12, 1891, at his home in Chicago, 



82 MEMORIALS. 

surrounded by his family and friends, who had labored 
unceasingly but without avail to bring back that life so 
dear to them. 

Captain Hoyt was born June 25, 1841, at Henry, Illi 
nois, where the earlier years of his life were passed. 
Afterwards, removing to Chicago, he became a member 
of Ellsworth s Zouaves. At the breaking out of the Re 
bellion he was commissioned a First Lieutenant in the 
One Hundred and Thirteenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
commanded by Colonel George B. Hoge, and afterwards 
promoted to the rank of Captain in the same regiment, 
serving with distinction in the Second Division, Fifteenth 
Corps, Army of the Tennessee, at Chickasaw Bayou, 
Arkansas Post, Miliken s Bend, Vicksburg, Jackson and 
Eastport, a part of the time as Signal Officer at the in 
stance of General Sherman, who entertained for him the 
highest regard. 

Brave and fearless as a soldier, he was at the same 
time courteous to all. Of a disposition naturally genial 
and happy, his presence was a sunshine. In whatever 
capacity he was called upon to serve, he left behind him 
the evidence of duty well performed. 

In his membership he has honored this Commandery, 
and it is meet that his name should be honored by the 
affectionate remembrance of his companions. 

CHARLES W. DREW, 
NELSON THOMASSON, 
FREDERICK \Y. MERCER, 

Committee. 




HOSMER ALLEN JOHNSON. 

Companion of the Third Class. Died at Chicago, /- clu-nary j(>, 

I HE Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion, in the 
V. death of Dr. Hosmer A. Johnson, which occurred on 
the 26th day of February, 1891, at his home in Chicago, 
has lost one of its most esteemed and honored members. 
His career was one of unusual distinction and useful 
ness. He was born near Buffalo, New York, in 1822, but 
his parents ten years later moved to Michigan, where he 
passed his youth and early manhood. He was educated 
at the Michigan University, from which he graduated in 
1849. 

Dr. Johnson came to Chicago in 1850, where for more 
than forty years he pursued his profession and devoted 

83 



84 MEMORIALS. 

himself to the science of medicine with a zeal which 
knew neither change nor shadow of turning. He was 
among the earliest Professors in Rush Medical College, 
was one of the founders of the Chicago Medical College, 
and one of its Professors until his death. 

It is believed that no man did more to elevate the 
standard of medical education in the United States than 
Dr. Hosmer A. Johnson; and to no one is that learned 
profession under greater obligations. He was one of the 
founders and for many years President of the Chicago 
Academy of Sciences; a member of the faculty of Mercy 
Hospital; a consulting physician of the Cook County 
Hospital, and of the Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary; 
indeed, it would be difficult to name a single scientific or 
charitable association in Chicago, with which he was not 
prominently and actively identified. 

At the commencement of the War for the Union, Dr. 
Johnson abandoned a lucrative practice, and offered his 
services to his country, and for four years, as President 
of the Board of Examining Surgeons for Illinois, rendered 
valuable and faithful service. It was a source of pro 
found regret that his health, which was delicate from 
childhood, prevented him from accepting active service 
in the field; but his knowledge, skill, and scientific at 
tainments w r ere otherwise devoted to the service of his 
country, and when his duties called him to the front to 
examine Assistant Surgeons for promotion, he was re 
peatedly brought into battle and served under fire as a 
surgical operator. 

After the great fire in Chicago, as a member of the 
Chicago Relief and Aid Society, he gave his entire time 
without fee or reward, for many months, to the needy 
and destitute poor of our city. 

The great services of Dr. Johnson were promptly 



MEMORIALS. 85 

recognized by his election as a member of the Third 
Class by this Commandery an honor which he always 
highly appreciated. He was a regular attendant at its 
meetings and took a deep interest in its growth and pros 
perity. 

His career was rounded and complete, and at his 
death, no man in his profession or in the city where he 
lived, was held in higher esteem. His warm heart, and 
gentle, kindly disposition, won the regard and friendship 
of all who knew him, who unite with us in mourning for 
his loss, and "sorrow most of all that they shall see his 
face no more." 

The Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion, bear 
ing in mind his great public services, and the purity of 
his life and character, has directed this mark of regard 
for his memory to be entered upon its records, and that 
the Recorder send a copy to his bereaved family. 

EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 
EDMUND ANDREWS, 
THOMAS B. BRYAN, 

Committee. 




ALONZO VAN NESS RICHARDS. 

Second Lieutenant Signal Corps, United States Volunteers. Died at 
IVarren, Illinois, March //, 



*7TjNOTHER Companion of this Commandery has 
f\ joined the silent majority. Lieutenant Alonzo 
^^ V. N. Richards passed away at the residence of 
his father-in-law, Hon. S. K. Miner, at Warren, Jo 
Daviess county, Illinois, March 11, 1891, aged fifty years. 
Lieutenant Richards responded in September, 1861, 
to his country s call for troops, enlisting in Company H, 
Seventh Wisconsin Infantry, which served with the Army 
of the Potomac and participated in nearly all the engage 
ments of that army. February 14, 1865, he was pro 
moted Second Lieutenant for meritorious conduct, and 
attached to the Signal Corps, U. S. V. 

86 



MEMORIALS. 87 

After the close of the war he was ordered to report 
to General P. C. Connor at Fort Laramie, Wyoming 
Territory, for duty as Signal Officer, serving with 
efficiency in General Connor s campaign against the 
Indians during the year 1865. He was mustered out of 
service at Fort Leavenworth, December 9, 1865. 

As a citizen Lieutenant Richards was known as an 
ardent worker in the cause of right, which he was sure 
to espouse according to the dictates of his conscience, 
manifesting the same zealous spirit that characterized 
him as a soldier during the war. 

During several years he was editor and proprietor of 
the Freeport Journal. Strong in his political faith, he 
was unyielding and determined even to severity. Retir 
ing from the political field to the more quiet pursuits of 
life, he was noted for his loyalty in his friendships. 

He was one of the most devoted husbands and fathers 
and his home life was one of the happiest. Those who 
knew him best will mourn the loss of a true friend and 
genial companion. 

To his bereaved family we tender our heartfelt sym 
pathy in the great loss that has come to them, and we 
request that a copy of this tribute to his memory be 
furnished them. 

JOHN E. SMITH, 
JOHN C. SMITH, 
CHARLES S. BENTLY, 

Committee. 




CHARLES DANIEL RHODES. 

Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, L nited States I oluntecrs. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, Jfarc/i S, 




HE grim destroyer which we call death has of late 



made deep inroads upon our noble and dearly be 
loved Order, claiming for its victims some who (speaking 
in human terms) had but entered the prime of life and 
fairly taken a firm hold upon the problems thereof, with 
bright prospects of unravelling them those who, having 
had an honorable and brilliant career as soldiers, had 
quietly passed into the avenues of business, carrying 
therein the same characteristics that had made their im 
press while daring and doing for their country s cause. 

Charles D. Rhodes was born at Franklin Mills, Ohio, 
on September 16, 1839. In October, 1861, he enlisted 



MEMORIALS. 89 

as a private soldier in the Eighty-fourth Ohio Infantry ; 
promotions in regular order following until on February 
9, 1865, he was appointed Captain and Assistant Adjutant 
General, U. S. V., from which position he resigned on 
June 9, 1865, having seen continuous service for three 
years and eight months, and participated in campaign 
and battle with honor to himself and to the cause he had 
espoused Knoxville, Reseca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Atlanta, 
Columbia, Franklin, Nashville, F^ort Anderson and Wil 
mington, are engraved on his escutcheon. 

Some time after the close of the war, he left his 
native State to make his home in Chicago. For a num 
ber of years success came to him in business, and a 
prosperous life seemed to be an assured fact. Reverses 
came to try as by fire a solid, substantial character, and 
through them all he passed unscathed. 

In response to an inquiry, one of Captain Rhodes s 
intimate friends, who holds a prominent position in our 
city, writes as follows: 

" In regard to a sketch of the life of my friend, Charles 
1). Rhodes, I have to say, that I have known Captain 
Rhodes for over twenty years, and he was always a very 
modest, quiet, unassuming and retiring person; slow to 
make friends, but after once knowing him he was a faith 
ful and devoted friend. He was of a very self-sacrificing 
disposition, never hesitating to put himself out to do any 
one a favor or kindness." 

Upon March 8, 1891, the summons came, and obedient 
to the call, he passed into the great beyond. 

Let us think of him not as dead, but having passed 
into the true life, that is as endless and boundless as 
eternity itself. HOLMKS Hor.K, 

THOMAS S. CrxxiNciiAM, 

ARCHII .ALP WINNK, 

( Committee. 




CHRISTOPHER GOODBRARE. 

Major and Surgeon Twentieth Illinois Infantry, ( nited States 
Volunteers, Died at Clinton, Illinois, March 16, tSqi. 

I HE rolling of the muffled drums has scarcely died 
V. away. The soft, sad notes of the trumpet, wailing 
out a last good night, still linger in the air; and yet again 
are we called upon to pay tribute to the memory of 
another departed companion, Major and Surgeon Chris 
topher Goodbrake. The clouds of woe lower densely 
about our Commandery. Our official correspondence 
comes heavily freighted with the emblems of mourning. 

" And eyes are dimmed as honored name 
Of comrade loved is spoken low." 

Christopher Goodbrake was born in the town of 
Wiirtemberg, Germany, on the I4th day of June, 1816. 

90 



MEMORIALS. 91 

He graduated from Rush Medical College, Chicago, in 
1855, and practiced medicine continuously in Illinois, 
except during the war, until his death. He settled in 
the town of Clinton, and during these early days was an 
intimate personal friend of Mr. Lincoln, who was many 
times his guest when attending court at that place. 

When the war broke out, true to the spirit of freedom 
that had led him to seek a home in our "sweet land of 
liberty, " he espoused the cause of his adopted country, 
leaving his practice, and all that he held most dear, to 
serve in the defense of those principles he cherished and 
which he firmly believed were of inestimable value to 
those who might come after him. 

He was commissioned as Surgeon of the Twentieth 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with the rank of Major, to 
date from May 19, 1861, and served with his regiment, 
participating in the battles of Fredericktown (Missouri), 
Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Britton s Lane and various minor 
skirmishes. In the fall of 1862, while at La Grange, 
(Tennessee), he was appointed Chief Surgeon of the 
Third Division, Seventeenth Army Corps, and partici 
pated in the Holly Springs march, down the river to 
Vicksburg, the marches to Brownsville, to Meridian and 
in the Atlanta campaign. 

At the expiration of his term, June 13, 1864, he was 
requested by General McPherson and Medical Director 
Moore to remain in the service. He was re-mustered 
and served until the close of the Atlanta campaign when, 
owing to ill health, he resigned to take effect September 
17, 1 864. His resignation having been accepted, he 
returned to Clinton and resumed the practice of his 
profession. From this time until his death, his great 
worth and influence in the medical world was particularly 
developed. He was upright, honorable and a man of 



92 MEMORIALS. 

positive character. He was a most excellent practitioner 
a man with a cultivated mind and clear judgment. 
Throughout his entire professional life he was a staunch 
supporter of all medical interests in the State, an influ 
ential member of the Illinois State Medical Society and 
at one time its honored President. 

At his home, among those he had served so faithfully 
and for so many years, in the sunset of his days, his long, 
weary march o er the dusty highway of life has ended. 
Crowned with the glory of a ripe old age, leaving a 
fragrant memory where he stood and wrought among the 
companions of his earlier years and surrounded by the 
friends of his later manhood, he passed away on the i6th 
day of March. 

Then " Auf Wiedersehen," friend, companion, til the 
shadows of night shall fall about us and the dawn of the 
day shall find us again by your side answering to the 
reveille roll call in the ranks of that innumerable army 
that has marched beyond the sea. 

We leave him to repose among the scenes of his last 
labors, with hearts full of sympathy for those so sadly 
bereft. 

JOHN J. ABERCROMBIE, 
CHARLES W. EARLE, 
WILLIAM A. MCLEAN, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM EMERSON STRONG. 

Lieutenant Colonel fu elftJi ll isconsin Infantry and Brevet 
General, United States Volunteers. Died at 
Florence, Italy, April 10, 



I HE announcement of the death of General William E. 

^ Strong was received with profound sorrow by every 
member of this Commandery. The summons came to 
him suddenly, on the loth of April, 1891, at Florence, 
Italy, where he had recently joined his family, hoping 
that rest and change might restore his failing health. 
No merely formal tribute of respect will adequately 
measure the affectionate regard in which he was held by 
all the members of the Loyal Legion, to many of whom 
he was bound by ties of closest personal friendship. 

General Strong was born at Granville, New York, on 
the loth of August, 1840. His parents moved to Wis- 

93 



94 MEMORIALS. 

consin a few years later, where he passed his youth and 
early manhood. He had just been admitted to the bar 
of his adopted State when the firing on Sumter stirred 
his patriotic heart, and under the first call for troops in 
1 86 1, his services were offered in defense of his country. 
He immediately raised a company for the Second Wis 
consin Infantry, in April, 1861, and began his military 
career in the Army of the Potomac, where he took an 
honorable part with his regiment in the first battles of 
the war, at Blackburn s Ford and Bull Run. A few 
months later, he was promoted Major of the Twelfth 
Wisconsin Infantry, and joined that magnificent Army 
of the Tennessee, with which his name and fame will be 
forever associated, and where he remained until the close 
of the war. There are those present who vividly recall 
his soldierly figure, and manly bearing, as he inarched 
away with his regiment not to return until peace should 
be restored to a united country. 

General Strong, at an early period of the war, for 
bravery in battle, was assigned to duty on the staff of 
the gallant and lamented McPherson, by whom he was 
held in the highest esteem, and he received the last order 
General McPherson ever gave, a moment before he was 
killed in the battle of Atlanta, on the 22d of July, 1864. 
After the death of General McPherson, General Strong 
remained on duty as Chief of Staff for General O. O. 
Howard, until the restoration of peace in 1865. It is 
sufficient to say of his military record, that he served 
with distinction in every battle and campaign of the 
Army of the Tennessee from the beginning to the end of 
the war. When Vicksburg surrendered to that gallant 
army, on the 4th day of July, 1863, the honor of raising 
the American flag over its captured ramparts, was con 
ferred upon General Strong. He was brevetted Briga- 



MEMORIALS. 9$ 

dier General in March, 1865, for gallant and meritorious 
service. 

After the war, General Strong came to Chicago to 
engage in business, where he continued to reside until his 
death. Although never holding any official position, he 
always took an active interest in public affairs. In all 
business transactions he was the soul of integrity and 
honor, and no one in the city where he lived for more 
than twenty years, was held in higher esteem. He was 
the close personal friend of the lamented Sheridan, and 
his companion in many excursions over the mountains, 
and on our Western frontier. An interesting and graphic 
description of one of these trips with the Secretary of 
War, to the Yellowstone, in 1875, was published by 
General Strong for private circulation. He was a man 
of culture and refinement, and he had accumulated at his 
home in Chicago a collection of original orders, letters 
and other papers relating to the war, of great historical 
value and interest. Of a frank, manly, and generous 
disposition; brave, gallant and chivalric; he illustrated in 
his own career, the highest and best type of the American 
soldier. He was our Chevalier Bayard, "without fear 
and without reproach." 

A man of strong personality, enthusiastic and of strik 
ing appearance, how pleasant and how easy it is to recall 
him; we see him as Commander of this Order, presiding 
and transacting its business with dignity and dispatch; 
we see him at the banquet table, and again hear his 
words of patriotic eloquence. We see him the central 
figure of the group, leading in the stirring songs of the 
war. The members of this Commandery will miss his 
friendly greeting more and more as the years pass by, 
and will recall with inexpressible sadness 

" - the touch of a vanished hand, 
And the sound of a voice that is still." 



96 MEMORIALS. 

He was one of the earliest members of this Com- 
mandery, in which he always took a deep interest, and 
served for one term as its Commander. He fully appre 
ciated the honor of such a position, and frequently stated 
that he esteemed it higher than any office in the gift of 
the people. His tender memory shall rest in the faithful 
keeping of his associates of this Commandery, who knew 
him best and loved him most, until we in turn shall have 
joined the great majority; and his well-earned fame shall 
constitute a part of the heritage to be transmitted to 
those who shall perpetuate our Order through coming 

time. 

EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 

JAMES L. HIGH, 
ARTHUR C. DUCAT, 
DAVID H. GILE, 
HUXTINGTON \V. JACKSON, 
CHARLES W. DREW, 
RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 

Committee. 




HENRY THEOPHILUS NOBLE 

Captain (Colonel by Assignment] and Assistant Quartermaster 
United States I olunteers. Died at Di.\on, Illinois, 
April f 



*T(.GAIN the Companions of this Commander} are ad- 
\ monished that death is the appointed lot of all, 
^^ and that when the fatal mandate goes forth it 
must be obeyed; that neither wealth, station, or other 
earthly thing can stay the power which breaks the brittle 
thread of life and takes from us our cherished ones. A 
few days ago there was among us one who loved this 
Commandery with a passion as true as that of a mother 
for her child. His voice mingled joyously with ours 
when we sang the old familiar war-time songs. It is 
now silent in the grave, and never again shall we be 

97 



98 MEMORIALS. 

gladdened by his genial presence. To those of us 
who knew him best there is a vacancy here which can 
scarcely be rilled. His death was untimely and his 
Companions mourn as become those who have lost a 
comrade and friend. 

Colonel Henry Theophilus Noble was born of sturdy 
New England stock in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
May 30, i 830. At twenty years of age he came to Dixon, 
Illinois, his home to the time of his death. This sad 
event occurred April 15, 1891, after an illness of three 
days. He attended as a delegate the recent State En 
campment of the Grand Army of the Republic, and there 
contracted a cold which resulted in pneumonia, from 
which he died. He was followed to the grave by a whole 
community reverently mourning. He was universally 
respected and died universally regretted. 

A few days before his death he declined re-election 
to the office of Mayor of the city in which he lived. As 
a citizen he was public spirited and ever ready to give of 
his time or his means to promote the prosperity of the 
community in which he lived. As a public official he 
was honest, painstaking, and fearless in the discharge of 
his duty as he understood it. As a business man he was 
successful beyond the average. In social life he was 
loved, honored and respected. In the circle of his ac 
quaintances no man will ever be more regretted. 

Colonel Noble was an ardent lover of his country. 
He enlisted in the United States service April 17, 1861, 
being the first man in Lee county to enroll his name as 
a volunteer. On the organization of Company "A", 
Thirteenth Illinois Infantry, he was elected First Lieu 
tenant, and on May 24, 1861, commissioned Captain to 
rank from that date. He commanded this company until 
December, 1862, when he \vas detached and assigned to 



MEMORIALS. 99 

duty as acting Assistant ( Hiartermaster on the staff of 
General \Y. A. Gorman until February, 1863, and from 
that date until May, 1863, served in a like capacity on 
the staff of General L. F. Ross, commanding a division 
of the Thirteenth Corps, receiving honorable mention 
from the latter in his report of the Ya/oo Expedition. 
Subsequently Colonel Noble served as aide on the staff 
of General P. J. Osterhaus until July 4, 1863, participat 
ing in all the operations around Vicksburg up to the date 
of its surrender. July 8, 1863, he was commissioned as 
Assistant Quartermaster, U. S. V., serving with the 
army in the field, and also in charge of all river trans 
portation at Helena, Arkansas. In March, 1865, he was 
assigned to duty at Little Rock, Arkansas, as Assistant 
Quartermaster of the Department of Arkansas. Bre- 
vetted Major U. S. V., March 13, 1865, and soon after 
brevetted Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel of U. S. V. 
Was Colonel by assignment and Chief Quartermaster, 
Department of Arkansas, on the staffs of Generals J. ). 
Reynolds and E. O. C. Ord from June i 6, 1865, to 
Qctober 5, 1866, when he was honorably discharged 
from service. 

In performing the arduous and important duties which 
devolved upon him he displayed signal ability, and was 
warmly commended therefor by Quartermaster General 
Meigs. His army life of five and a half years is without 
spot or blemish. He did his duty, and his whole duty, 
to his country in her hour of need. What more can be 
added to the record ? He offered all he had to give his 
life if need be no man could do more. He is gone from 
among us, but we shall ever cherish his memory. He 
was a brave and true man; may we all meet him in the 
great hereafter. To his family we tender our most earn 
est sympathy in their great bereavement, and mourn in 



IOO MEMORIALS. 

common with his fellow citizens because one of their 

bravest and best has departed. 

JOHN D. CRABTREE, 
A. C. BARDWELL, 
L. B. CROOKER, 

Conutiittee, 




JOHN GARDINER REID. 

Captain /> / /// Cnilcd States Veteran ] olunleers. Died at ( hica^o, 
April 2(>, rSyr. 

OX SUNDAY, the 26th day of April last, our late 
Companion Captain John Gardiner Reid died at 
his home at Ravenswood in this city, in the fifty- 
fourth year of his age. 

He was born at Poughkeepsie, New York, whence, a 
year later, his parents removed to Salisbury, Connecti 
cut, where his father, Rev. Adam Reid, presided over a 
parish for upwards of forty years. 

After our late companion had taken a course at \Yil- 
liams College, had studied law and commenced its prac 
tice, he removed to New London, Ohio, where he was 
engaged in his profession at the time Fort Sumter was 



IO2 MEMORIALS. 

tired upon. He enlisted as private in Company D of the 
Eighth Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on the i/th 
of April, 1 86 1, in response to the call of President Lin 
coln for 75,000 volunteers to serve for three months. 

On June 3d of the same year he re-enlisted as private 
in the same company and regiment, to serve for three 
years or during the war. 

On July 9, 1861, as a member of that regiment he 
entered upon active service in West Virginia. From that 
time onward for a period of three years he was in active 
service, as private, corporal, sergeant, first sergeant, 
second and first lieutenant and captain, serving also as 
adjutant of his regiment, and assistant adjutant general 
of his brigade and division. His service was first under 
General McClellan, in West Virginia; then under Gen 
erals La-ider and Shields (in what came to be known as 
Shields Division), in the Shenandoah Valley; then under 
General Pope, in the Army of Virginia, and afterwards 
in all the campaigns and battles of the Army of the Poto 
mac until the 1 3th of July, 1864, when he left the trenches 
in front of Petersburg to be mustered out with his regi 
ment. 

He re-entered the service in January, 1865, as re 
cruiting officer for Hancock s Veteran Corps, in which he 
was commissioned Captain, and served on the staff of 
General S. S. Carroll, commanding First Division, as 
Judge Advocate, until honorably mustered out in Novem 
ber, 1865. 

He personally took part in fifty-seven different en 
gagements with the enemy. Concerning his bravery and 
efficiency it is only necessary to state the fact that in 
nearly all these engagements he was on the staff of Major 
General S. S. Carroll, between whom and our late Com 
panion there was that bond of love and fellowship which 



MKMOKIALS. 1 03 

grew in the days that tried men s souls, and which we all 
recognize as the same tie that has drawn and kept to 
gether our Order of the Loyal Legion. 

Among the battles in which he took part, was the 
Battle of Port Republic. During that battle he rode a 
gray horse, and was most conspicuous for this reason, 
and thereby was especially exposed. Colonel Henry B. 
Kelley, of the Confederate Army, in his account of the 
Battle of Port Republic, printed by J. B. Lippincott Co., 
Philadelphia, 1886, among other things makes the follow 
ing statement concerning a Federal officer as seen from 
the Confederate side of the battle. He says: "A con 
spicuous figure in the battle scene at this stage was a field 
officer on a gray charger, directing and leading the advance 
of the Federal line. Referring to an earlier stage of the 
battle, on the right, near the river, the commanding officer 
of the Fifth Virginia, in his report, makes mention of the 
Federal officer upon a gray steed, who there rode in front 
of his men, waving his hat and cheering them on; but this 
officer, he says, was soon picked off by the Confederate 
sharpshooters. As to this, he must have been mistaken, 
for it was doubtless the same intrepid officer who led the 
last charge of the Federal forces on that field, with a 
gallantry so conspicuous as to win the admiration of both 
armies. Whoever he was, there is not a Confederate 
survivor of that fierce fight who would not be proud to 
salute him." 

A member of this committee was in that battle, and 
is satisfied from all the circumstances which then came 
within his knowledge, and from conversations since had 
with Captain Reid and others, that the gallant officer 
mentioned was none other than our departed companion. 

Our late Companion, soon after being mustered out 
of the service, resumed the practice of his profession in 



IO4 MEMORIALS. 

this city, in which he always displayed the same untiring 
energy and loyalty to the interests of his clients, which 
distinguished him in defense of the flag during the war. 
He leaves surviving him his widow and two young 
daughters. To them this Commandery tenders its sym 
pathy and claims the privilege of uniting its tears with 
theirs in a common sorrow, they for the loss of a loving 
husband and fond father, we for the loss of an honored 
companion, friend and brother in arms, always loyal and 
true and never found wanting. 

JOHN S. COOPER, 
DAVID T. CORBIN, 
WILLIAM VOCKE, 

Committee. 




FRANKLIN FOSTER FLINT. 

Colonel (Retired), United States Army. Died at Highland Park, 
Illinois, September /,-, 




are called upon again to mourn the loss of a 
Companion of this Commander} . On Tuesday, 
September 15, 1891, Companion Franklin Foster Flint 
died at his home at Highland Park, Illinois. Fie was 
born at Walpole, New Hampshire, April 29, 1821. In 
1837 ne was appointed a cadet from Massachusetts to 
the United States Military Academy, whence he graduated 
in 1841, and was appointed a Second Lieutenant of the 
Sixth Regiment of Infantry, in which capacity he served 
in the Florida war. He rose gradually through the 
different grades from Lieutenant to Colonel, reaching the 
latter grade in July, 1868. 

105 



106 MEMORIALS. 

The service of Companion Flint was rendered chiefly 
on the frontier, sometimes in garrison and again in con 
flict with hostile Indians, from Florida to California. It 
has been said of him in this connection that "his wise 
counsel and firm treatment of Red Cloud s tribe of Ogal- 
lallah Sioux tended greatly towards bringing them to 
terms of peace." In the War of the Rebellion he served 
in Kentucky, Ohio, and Missouri, always with credit to 
himself and with satisfaction to his commanders. 

Companion Flint had been for several years a resident 
of Highland Park, where he was universally respected 
and esteemed, his genial manners and gentlemanly 
courtesy gaining him friends among all classes. He was 
modest, unassuming, and upright in character; in all his 
long official life he was, like the motto of his ancestors, 
" Sine Maculo. " 

JUDSON D. BlNGHAM, 

MICHAEL R. MORGAN, 
OTHO H. MORGAN, 

Committee. 




THOMAS DEAN. 

Captain Third Michigan Cavalry, i nited States I oluntccrs. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, December i~ , 



OUR Companion, Captain Thomas Dean, passed to 
his final rest on tiie i/th da}" of December, 1891, 
after a comparatively brief illness, and while in the 
prime of manhood. By his death this Commandery 
loses a valued member, known to many of us for years 
as a man of untiring energy, sterling virtues, and one 
highly esteemed by a large circle of social and com 
mercial. associates. 

Captain Dean was born in Wayne County, New 
York, in 1840, where he remained until about 1860, 
when he went to Allegan. Michigan, and engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. In September, 1861, he enlisted in 

107 



IO8 MEMORIALS. 

Company A of the Third Michigan Cavalry. Full of 
zeal, his latent abilities rapidly developed and promotion 
followed. Early in the history of the Regiment, it was 
fit that he should be advanced through the several grades 
of non-commissioned officers, and in October, 1862, he 
was commissioned Second Lieutenant. Again, in Feb 
ruary, 1863, he was promoted to the First Lieutenancy, 
and in October, 1864, was made Captain of the Com 
pany with which he entered the service. Himself ex 
alted by the men he was selected to lead, the great 
commonwealth was honored with a brave and efficient 
soldier. 

During the long and eventful years of active service, 
he accepted the trials and severities of a soldier s life in 
a loyal spirit, and was entitled to a full share of the 
honors bestowed upon the company commanders of a 
regiment so distinguished as was the Third Michigan 
Cavalry. No braver man followed the flag or participated 
in the engagements of this regiment. 

Returning to civil pursuits, after the close of the war, 
our lamented Companion was, for a time, in the office of 
the Internal Revenue Department, at Memphis, Ten 
nessee, and later on, was in charge of the Collector s 
office for Internal Revenue, at Paw Paw, Michigan. 
Subsequently, and for nearly twenty years, he had been 
engaged in insurance, as local agent, traveling agent and 
general adjuster for prominent companies, and in that 
work was best known to many of us as a man of peculiar 
tact and rare executive ability. It has been said, "As 
an adjuster, he excelled not merely for his intelligence 
and efficiency, but for his conscientious work." 

Captain Dean joined this Commandery, March 13, 
1890, and has been an enthusiastic and valued member. 
We extend to his bereaved companion and other rela- 



MEMORIALS. I CKJ 

tives, such expressions of sympathy as their great loss 
may properly command from his Companions in arms, 
who loved a common country, and followed the same 
flag when the Nation was in peril. 

An upright man, a sincere friend, a patriotic citizen, 
a zealous Companion, in whose death this Commandery 
loses an exemplary member. 

WILLIAM H. TAYLOR, 
GEORGK H. HOLLOWAY, 
SAMUEL S. FROWE, 

Conunittee. 




GEORGE HENRY BARRY. 

Captain Eighth A 7 cic York Cavalry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, January 5, i8g2. 

I HE roll of muffled drums is heard with unwonted 
i, frequency, and the notes of one funeral dirge have 
hardly died away before we are again called upon to bear 
the remains of another loved Companion to his last rest 
ing place, thus being reminded that we too shall soon be 
summoned to report to the Great Commander. 

To-night we would offer a tribute to the memory of 
Captain George Henry Barry, who was born February 
9, 1827, and died January 5, 1892. 

He was enrolled as Captain of Company H, Eighth 
New York Cavalry, September 23, 1861. His service 
was with the Army of the Potomac, in which he dis- 



MEMORIALS. I I I 

tinguished himself as an officer of firm and quiet de 
meanor, ever ready to execute any order, however haz 
ardous, without murmur or complaint. He was an ac 
tive participant in many important engagements, among 
which may be mentioned Winchester (May 25, 1862), 
Harper s Ferry (September 14, 1862), Antietam (Septem 
ber i/, 1862), Chancellorsville (May 2, 1863;, Gettys 
burg (July 1-3, 1863), Culpepper (September 13, 1863), 
and Stevensburg (November 7, 1863). In this last 
named engagement he was severely wounded and dis 
abled for further duty, and was honorably discharged 
February 9, 1864. 

As a citizen and neighbor it can be said that he was 
ever ready to uphold the right, and at the same time it 
seemed a pleasure for him to sacrifice his own comfort 
and convenience if thereby he could contribute to the 
happiness and pleasure of those around him. 

Companion Barry was a most devoted husband and 
a kind and indulgent father, preferring the quiet com 
panionship of his family to that of any club or social 
society, and therefore was most frequently seen at his 
own fireside, in his cheerful home, which was one of the 
happiest. Those who knew him best will mourn the loss 
of a true and loyal friend and genial Companion. 

To his family, in their sad bereavement and great 
loss, we tender the sincere and heartfelt sympathy of 
loving Companions. 

THEODORE H. PATTERSON, 
LEWIS B. MITCHELL, 
JAMES M. BALL, 

Committee. 




WARREN EWEN. 

Acting First Assistant Engineer United States Navy. Died at 
Evanston, Illinois, January 26, 1892. 

eylPANION Warren Ewen was appointed Acting 
Third Assistant Engineer, U. S. N., January 7, 
1862; promoted Acting Second Assistant Engineer, De 
cember 13, 1862, and Acting First Assistant Engineer, 
November 12, 1863, and was honorably discharged from 
service in the United States Navy, November 13, 1865. 

He served on the United States Ship "Sumter" in 
the Charleston Blockade. On May 11, 1862, he was 
taken prisoner near Savannah, Georgia, and after five 
months imprisonment was released from Libby Prison 
October 1 1, 1862, and ordered to the United States Ship 
"Iroquois" in the blockade off Wilmington, North Caro- 



MEMORIALS. 113 

lina. He served on the " Bienville " in the Gulf of 
Mexico; was with Farragut in the passing of Forts 
Morgan and Gaines at Mobile; took part in the blockade 
off Galveston, and was Engineer in charge of the iron 
clad " Napa." 

He was elected a member of the Order through this 
Commandery, January 10, 1889; was transferred to the 
Commandery of the State of California, May 16, 1889, 
and re-transferred to this Commandery November 16, 
1891. He died at Evanston, Illinois, January 26, 1892. 

Your Committee s knowledge of his life, beyond his 
Naval service, is quite limited. He was born in New 
York City in 1829, and was married in early life to Sarah 
F. Faulkner, who with five children mourns his loss. 
His eldest son, Warren Ewen, of this city, is entitled, by 
inheritance, to membership in this Order. 

Shortly after the close of the Rebellion, Companion 
Ewen entered the service of the Chilian Government, as 
Chief Engineer of its Navy, and served therein during the 
war with Spain. With torpedoes purchased through his 
agency in New York and Europe, he was instrumental 
in driving the Spanish fleet from the Chilian coast. After 
the close of the Chilian War, he was engaged in building 
railroads in Chili, Peru, and Bolivia; returning to the 
United States in 1872, residing at intervals in New Or 
leans, New York, Chicago and San Francisco. Beyond 
this, it is enough to know that, in his early manhood, he 
tendered his services to his country; suffered five months 
military imprisonment; as a commissioned officer in the 
United States Navy, for three years and five months, 
trod the decks of four United States war ships; sailed 
with the immortal Farragut past Forts Morgan and 
Gaines into Mobile Bay; and was honorably discharged 
from the Naval service of the United States. 



114 MEMORIALS. 

His devotion, life and record entitled him to be a 
member of our Commandery, and as Companions of the 
Order we mourn his loss, extend our sympathies to his 
bereaved family, and will cherish his memory. 

JOHN L. BEVERIDGE, 
ARCHIBALD WIXNE, 
CALEB S. BURDSAL, 

Committee. 




JOHN RUSSELL W1NTERBOTHAM. 

First Lieutenant One Hundred and Fifty-fifth A r czu York Infantry 

and Brevet Lieutenant- Colonel, United States I oluntcers. 

Died at Chicago, January jo, 1892. 

*TLT the reunion of the Society of the Army of the Ten- 
f\ nessee and at the meetings of the Comrnandery 
^^ last fall, there was no one present whose apparent 
health and vigor gave better promise of a long and use 
ful life than our late Companion, John Russell Winter- 
botham. 

Colonel Winterbotham was born at Frederickstown, 
Ohio, February I, 1843. At seventeen years of age he 
went to Ann Arbor, Mich. , to prepare for a college course. 
During the vacation in September, 1862, while visiting 
in New York State, he entered service, under the call 

"5 



I I 6 MEMORIALS. 

made at that time by President Lincoln, as aid to General 
Corcoran. On March 3, 1863, he was mustered in as 
First Lieutenant and Adjutant of the One Hundred and 
Fifty-fifth New York Volunteers. He was brevetted 
Captain March 13, 1863, and afterwards was brevetted 
Major and Lieutenant-Colonel for "faithful and meritori 
ous services during the War." 

Colonel Winterbotham s service was, until July, 1863, 
in the Department of Virginia, in the country around 
Norfolk. He participated in the actions in and around 
Suffolk, including the period of the siege by Longstreet. 
His brigade was then sent to Washington, and remained 
in service in that Department until the opening of the 
campaign of 1864, in May, when it was assigned to the 
Second Army Corps, with whose heroic deeds he was 
associated during that memorable campaign. Commenc 
ing with the battle of the Wilderness, he was in the 
charge in the angle at Spottsylvania on the I2th of May, 
where the fighting, with only the breastworks between 
the contending foes, lasted from early dawn till long 
after dark in the evening, when the enemy fell back to 
their inner intrenchments. He was in the charge at 
Cold Harbor, on June 3, where the loss of nearly ten 
thousand men in the space of an early morning attested 
the heroic bravery of the troops making the charge, and 
where the Second Corps, after making a lodgment in 
the enemy s works, was obliged to fall back for want of 
support. Colonel Winterbotham was wounded, but not 
severely. There were but forty in his regiment who 
came out of that charge fit for duty, of whom he was one. 

On July 16, in the storming of the Petersburg works, 
he was severely wounded, and was honorably discharged 
on account of the disability caused thereby on December 
22, 1864. On his discharge from service, Colonel 



MEMORIALS. I I/ 

Winterbotham returned to Fort Madison, Iowa, where 
he had resided at the time of his entry into service, and 
there became cashier of the First National Bank. 

In 1868 he removed to Chicago, in connection with 
the contracting firm of J. H. Winterbotham cS: Sons, of 
which firm he became manager, and continued in this 
position, and as Vice-President of the Continental Na 
tional Bank, until the time of his death, January 30, 
1892. In his business career, his fidelity to his trusts, 
his regard for the rights of others, and his pleasant dis 
position, gained him the love of all under him, and the 
respect and esteem of all with whom he did business. 

Colonel Winterbotham s civil life was peculiarly a 
home life; caring little for the larger forms of social life, 
he was happy in the society of his friends and in his 
family. Those of us who knew him always looked for 
ward to the pleasure of meeting him at our monthly 
gatherings, and will always feel the loss of his genial 
presence and cordial welcome. 

BENJAMIN W. UNDERWOOD, 
ISRAEL P. RUMSEY, 

GEORGE K. DAUCHY, 

Committee. 




ROBERT BARLOW HANNA. 

Captain Seventy-second Indiana Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Bloomington, Illinois, Alarch 6, i8g2. 

evlPANION Captain Robert Barlow Hanna was born 
at Brookville, Indiana, October 29, 1819, and died 
at Bloomington, Illinois, March 6, 1892, of a gunshot 
wound in the hip, received at the battle of Chickamauga, 
and which caused nearly complete paraplegia for more 
than three years prior to his death. His remains have 
been interred in the burying ground of his family, at 
Attica, Indiana. 

He was a civil engineer by profession; became 
Captain of Company H, Seventy-second Indiana In 
fantry Volunteers, at that company s organization; served 
in what was known as "The Mounted Lightning Brigade," 

118 



MEMORIALS. 119 

and was an active participant in the maneuvres, skir 
mishes, raids and battles in which that command was 
from time to time engaged, until he was disabled and 
compelled by his injury to resign his commission. 

Captain Hanna was a typical specimen of the Scotch 
Irish race; in which, and in his ancestors, he took great 
pride. His original Scotch ancestor was a follower of 
Cromwell from the west of Scotland, and settled in 
County Down, Ireland; where his sons, Robert and 
Hugh, after the restoration of Charles the Second, be 
came obnoxious to the favorites of that king because of 
the activity and aggressiveness their father had shown; 
and to better their condition and escape persecution, 
sought a home in the American colonies then the asylum 
of that class and settled in Wilmington, Delaware. 
Robert went from there to Virginia. His eldest son, 
Robert, went from Virginia to South Carolina. His son, 
Robert, was Surveyor-General of that State; and after 
wards settled on the Whitewater, at Brookville, Indiana. 
His eldest son, Robert, the father of our deceased Com 
panion, was the first United States Marshal for the 
territory of Indiana, appointed by President William 
Henry Harrison, and was also one of the first of the two 
United States Senators representing that State on its 
admission, by appointment, one of the Senators-elect 
having died before taking his seat. 

Though otherwise in good health and remarkably 
vigorous for his age, Captain Hanna was at times a great 
sufferer from his wound, but he always bore his affliction 
unmurmuringly and with a patience that was heroic, and 
though helpless, and for a long time before his death 
unable to move the lower portions of his body, while his 
mind remained as clear and bright as in the days of his 
vigorous manhood, conscious of the fact that he was but 



I 2O MEMORIALS. 

waiting for the end, knowing that each week the paralysis 
had crept a little closer to the vital organs, yet, when 
free from pain, he was cheerful and buoyant, and at 
times overflowing with mirth and good nature, his crisp 
conversation and frank, jovial manner often enter 
taining, cheering and instructing those who came to 
comfort him. 

He was instinctively honest, with a keen sense of 
justice and fairness; but he was irritated by and intolerant 
of anything that seemed tainted with cowardice, false 
pretense or hypocrisy. Plainly democratic in all his 
tendencies, a strict disciplinarian but a genial companion 
when off duty; unconscious of physical fear, and endowed 
with great powers of endurance, he was always at the 
front in every affair or movement of interest, in civil as 
well as military life. He was frank, open, often blunt 
and undiplomatic, in his manner, giving emphasis to his 
indignant or resentful thoughts in terse Anglo-Saxon. 
He was rarely moved by the ordinary incidents of every 
day life or of the camp or march, but in the crisis, the 
trying ordeal of battle or heat of mental controversy, he 
was outspoken in approval or disapproval. To the shirk, 
coward, marauder and pretentious hypocrite, he was a 
terror and a source of constant apprehension. He was 
loved and respected by the earnest soldiers of his com 
mand, and by his neighbors. He did not arouse enthus 
iasm in his command. He inspired confidence con 
fidence in his ability, and in the ability of his superiors, 
and in the success of the enterprise in which they might 
be engaged. To the worn-out, sick or wounded, and to 
the unfortunate and suffering, he showed the tenderness 
of a woman; and to all he was generous to a fault: 

" Careless their merit or their faults to scan, 
His pity gave, ere charity began." 



MEMORIALS. 121 

Our deceased Companion had three brothers who 
rendered honorable service in the army for the Union 
during the war: Major Claiborne Hanna, Paymaster, 
U. S. A. ; Captain John L. Hanna, Eleventh Indiana 
Infantry; Captain Joseph Madison Hanna, Lighth Illinois 
Infantry, mortally wounded at Shiloh. He also had 
three other brothers who were outspoken active unionists 
during the war William H. Hanna, Thomas Hanna and 
David Hanna. His surviving children are Captain 
Robert Hanna, United States Army (retired; ; Samuel C. 
Hanna, William Hanna and Mary L. Hanna. His de 
clining years were made cheerful by his children and by 
the children of a deceased brother by Mrs. H. C. Luce, 
with whom he for many years made his home, and Mrs. 
George P. Davis, whom he had cared for in their infancy, 
as well as by a host of friends. Those who knew him 
longest and best, loved him most. 

His thanatopsis evolved no remorseful pang; wrung 
from him no appeal for pity or for mercy. Conscious of 
the rectitude of his own life and of his right to be re 
corded as "one who loved his fellow men," without 
tremor, without doubt, with an abiding faith in the just 
ness of his Creator as a God of Love and Mercy, he de 
sired to begin his immortal life in the great hereafter 
exactly as he had lived here, simply "doing the best he 
knew how." Amid loving friends; ripe in years; having 
faithfully served his country and fulfilled his obligations 
to humanity, "sustained and soothed by an unfaltering 
trust, he approached the grave like one who wraps the 
drapery of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant 
dreams." JOHN McNui/rA, 

WALTER O. GRESHAM, 
THOMAS L. MILCHRIST, 

Committee. 




DANIEL DUSTIN. 

Colonel One Hundred and Fifth Illinois Infantry. Brevet Brigadier 

General United States I olunteers. Died at Carthage, 

Alissouri, Marcli jo, i8q?. 

*TftGAIN the message which is becoming so frequent 
f\ reaches us, telling that another of our Companions 
^ s ~* has joined the Grand Army invisible, and we who 
tarry here yet a little longer, place on our record our 
estimate of his worth. 

General Daniel Dustin was born in Topsham, Ver 
mont, October 5, 1820, where the earlier years of his 
life were passed. He studied medicine, taking a medical 
course at Dartmouth College, graduating therefrom in 
1846. He practiced his profession in Vermont and in 
California until 1858, when he came to Sycamore, 
Illinois, where he has since resided. In 1855 and 1856 



MEMORIALS. 123 

he represented Nevada County, California, in the legis 
lature. At the breaking oll t of the Rebellion, he en 
listed in the Eighth Illinois Cavalry, and was mustered 
into the service in September, 1861, as Captain of 
Company L. In January, 1862, he was promoted to 
Major of that regiment. In September, 1862, he was 
made Colonel of the One Hundred and Fifth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry; was in the Army of the Cumberland, 
and from the beginning of the Atlanta campaign to the 
end of the war, in the First Brigade, Third Division, 
Twentieth Army Corps, serving for nearly three years 
with President Harrison, who was Colonel of the 
Seventieth Indiana, in the same Brigade. He was 
brevetted Brigadier General and commanded the Second 
Brigade of said Division and Corps during the latter part 
of the service, which culminated in the Grand Review at 
Washington, May 24, 1865. 

Returning home, the General was elected County 
Clerk of DeKalb County, in the Fall of 1865; afterwards 
County Treasurer, and then Circuit Clerk of said County, 
where he served for ten years. He has been Trustee of 
the Soldiers and Sailors Home, of Quincy, since its 
organization, and on May 2, 1890, he was appointed 
United States Assistant Treasurer at Chicago, which 
position he held till the time of his death. He died on 
March 30, 1892, and was buried at his home in Sycamore, 
the third day of April, 1892, leaving a widow and four 
children. At his funeral the following telegram from his 
old friend and comrade, President Harrison, was read: 

EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, April i, 1892. 
JOHN C. CRAFT, 

Acting Assistant Treasurer United States, Chicago. 
I have heard with great sorrow of the death of my old comrade and 
friend, General Daniel Dustin. He was a gallant soldier and a citizen 
of sterling worth. Please convey to his family the assurance of my 
sympathy. BENJAMIN HARRISON. 



124 MEMORIALS. 

General Dustin was a man who drew after him a 
friendship that was lasting; the more one knew him the 
better he loved him. His was an impulsive and genial 
nature. His generous heart and his true worth drew 
about him a circle of acquaintances who were charmed 
into a life long attachment. 

He loved his country and cherished a most ardent 
affection for the old flag; while on his deathbed, not 
many minutes before he died, he requested to have the 
flag brought to his bedside, and as he gazed upon its 
beautiful stripes and stars, he called for three cheers for 
"Old Glory." 

His family has lost a devoted husband and a kind 
father; the community in which he lived, a beloved 
neighbor and friend; this Commandery a loyal Com 
panion; the Government, a faithful and trustworthy 
officer, and the Nation a patriot. He has passed from 
the "known to the unknown," from earth to the here 
after of hope and faith, but his rare qualities of mind and 
heart will remain as pleasant memories to those who 
knew and loved him. 

EVERELL F. DUTTOX, 

JAMES A SEXTON, 
THEODORE S. ROGERS, 

Committee. 




SAMUEL BALDWIN SHEREK. 

Ma for fifteenth Illinois Cavalrv, United States Volunteers. Died at 
Hot Springs, Arkansas, July i(\ //?. 

3AMUEL BALDWIN SHERER was born at Mont- 
rose, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. March 
ing in the grand column that peopled and devel 
oped the West, the call to arms found him a resident of 
Aurora, Illinois, where he entered the service as a mem 
ber of a troop designated as "Company A, Dragoons." 
His worth being quickly recognized, he was elected First 
Lieutenant, his command being immediately assigned to 
the Thirty sixth Illinois Infantry Volunteers, then sta 
tioned at Rolla, Missouri, which it immediately joined. 
During the ensuing fall and winter, arduous duties were 
performed in that Department under the varying condi- 

125 



126 MEMORIALS. 

tions which then prevailed. His Company was the fol 
lowing year transferred to West Tennessee, and during 
the battle of Corinth, October 3d and 4th, 1862, rendered 
conspicuous service as escort to the commanding Gen 
eral, William S. Rosecrans. A subsequent assignment 
gave him the Captaincy of Company K, Fifteenth Illinois 
Volunteer Cavalry, where, through the appreciation of 
his superiors he was advanced to the rank of Major, 
which rank he retained until his service terminated by 
expiration in the autumn of 1864. 

The experience thus acquired was valuable to his 
adopted state in the establishment and training of its 
National Guard, in which by unremitting toil, devotion, 
and personal sacrifice, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant 
Colonel of the First Regiment. 

In the death of Major Sherer, which occurred at 
Hot Springs, Arkansas, July 16, 1892, this Commandery 
loses a zealous Companion, the community a valued 
member, and the State an exemplary and patriotic citi 
zen and soldier. His life was a well rounded one. His 
quiet, unassuming ways, so well known to his personal 
friends, and his devoted and most affectionate duty to 
his family attest his manly qualities more strongly than 
mere words can express them. We sincerely mourn the 
sundering of the fraternal ties, growing stronger day by- 
day, as the true nobility of the country and the grand 
characters the soldiers of this great Republic drop from 
our roll by death, but never by dishonor. 

We shall hold the memory of this most worthy Com 
panion in affectionate and respectful esteem. 

ARTHUR C. DUCAT, 
WILLIAM L. BARNUM, 
SAMUEL S. FROWE, 

Committee. 




JOHN CURTIS BUNDY. 

Lieutenant Colonel J- irst Arkansas Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, August 6, 1892. 

OUR late Companion, Lieutenant Colonel John Curtis 
Bundy, was born at St. Charles, Kane County, Illi 
nois, on the 1 6th day of February, 1841. On the 
7th day of August, 1861, he enlisted as a private in what 
was then known as the Kane County Independent Cav 
alry. His military service was principally in the States 
of Missouri and Arkansas, and his duties in camp and in 
battle were performed with such credit to himself and 
approbation of his superior officers that in July, 1862, he 
was, by order of Major General S. R. Curtis, commis 
sioned as Lieutenant Colonel of the First Arkansas In 
fantry. 

127 



128 MEMORIALS. 

Broken in health by the arduous duties of the cam 
paigns in which he took part, he returned to his home, 
taking up his residence in Chicago, where for many years, 
and up to the time of his death, he was the editor and 
proprietor of The Religio-Philosophical Journal. 

In his editorial, as in his military work, devotion to 
duty was the one governing principle of his life. He 
sought to know and to declare only the truth; by it, he 
insisted, all the cherished hopes, the fond beliefs, even 
the solemn convictions of life were to be tested. 

Death loomed before and came to him no dark abyss 
in which lay the unknown, but a narrow way leading to 
another life. We, his Companions, who knew and loved 
him, some of us with and some without his faith in what 
lies beyond, standing by his grave, with one voice unite 
in calling "Faithful soldier, upright, honorable man, 
true-hearted friend, hail and farewell." 

ARBA N. WATERMAN, 
MARTIN J. RUSSELL, 
OLIVER W. NIXON, 

Committee. 




SABIN D PUTERBAUGH. 

Major Eleventh Illinois Cavalry, i tnled States I olunteers. 
Died at Peoria, Illinois, September 25, 




S THE touch of the Frost King s icy finger trans- 
forms the beautiful foliage of yesterday into the 
withered and lifeless leaf of to-day, so has the cold 
hand of death cut down in the prime of manhood a Com 
panion who would have made himself known and felt in 
this Commandery, had he been spared to us. 

Sabin D. Puterbaugh, the learned jurist, the eminent 
author, the genial companion, departed this life, Septem 
ber 25, 1892, on the eve of his fifty-eighth birthday anni 
versary. Born amid the surroundings from which have 
sprung a large majority of America s scholars, soldiers 
and statesmen, he passed from the farm to the school, 

129 



130 MEMORIALS. 

to the teacher s desk, to the court room, to the judge s 
bench. 

When his country called he was ready. Commis 
sioned as Major of the Eleventh Illinois Cavalry by the 
War Governor of his State, he participated with his regi 
ment in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth and Bolivar. Re 
signing his commission on account of failing health, he 
resumed the practice of his profession. 

In 1869 he was elected Circuit Judge of what was then 
the eighteenth judicial circuit, comprising the counties 
of Peoria and Stark. In 1873 he resigned the judgeship, 
preferring the more active duties of the advocate, in 
which he was continuously and assiduously engaged up 
to the time of his death. 

Our deceased Companion was the author of several 
standard works on legal pleading and practice, which 
may be found in the library of almost every lawyer in 
the States of Illinois and Michigan, and was widely 
known and recognized as one of the ablest and best 
equipped lawyers in the West. He was endowed with 
intellectual abilities of a high order, which he had trained 
and developed by careful and patient habits of study and 
observation. He was a tireless and persistent worker. 
His reasoning was concise and exact. His wide and well- 
digested knowledge of law and precedent, and his powers 
of cogent and persuasive argument made him a safe 
counsellor and a successful advocate. His warm and 
generous heart, his broad charity, and his sunny disposi 
tion, attracted to him a large circle of friends, and his 
striking personality impressed itself on all with whom he 
came in contact. 

Closed is the record of a useful and busy life; a life 
full of energy and worthy ambition; a life that gave as 
well as received. Stilled is that teeming and active 



MEMORIALS. 131 

brain. The shadows of "the night when no man can 
work " have fallen across his path. He has passed before 
us to "Fame s eternal camping ground," mourned by the 
community in which he lived, by the profession that he 
adorned and by his Companions of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion, who tender to the family of our de 
parted friend and brother, the sympathy born of a com 
mon bereavement. 

ELIOT CALLENDER, 
HENRY P. AYRES, 
JACOB C. HANSEL, 

Committee. 




NATHAN HALBERT WALWORTH. 

Colonel Forty-second Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, October 29, 1892. 

*7T,NOTHER manly face will be missed from our social 
f\ gatherings, another genial spirit has passed away. 
^* Our friend who faced danger on so many battle 
fields has finally answered to the last roll-call and the 
angel of death has softly placed his arms around him 
and carried him home. 

On Saturday, the 29th day of October, 1892, Colonel 
Nathan H. Walworth died at his home, at Evanston, 
Illinois. He was born in Oneida County, New York, in 
1832, and received his education at the Rome Academy 
and Cazenovia Seminary. In 1855 he married Miss 
Adelia E. Cornish of the same count} in which he was 

132 



MEMORIALS. 133 

born, and believing that the great West presented better 
opportunities for success, he and his bride started the 
same year for Illinois, settling first in Fulton County and 
subsequently removing to Oneida, in Knox County, where 
he engaged in mercantile business. Though a young 
man and a stranger his abilities were at once recognized. 
He was chosen by the people as Supervisor of the town. 
In all matters pertaining to the welfare of the community 
he took a leading and active part, faithfully attending to 
all duties reposed upon him. 

Having a natural tendency toward military matters 
and some experience as a Captain of artillery of the 
National Guards of New York, and possessing to a high 
degree a love for his country, he immediately, after the 
firing of the first gun at Fort Surnter, commenced to 
arrange his business matters so that, if needed, he could 
tender his services to the country. 

Being convinced in the early summer of 1861 that it 
was his duty to go the field, he commenced the organi 
zation of a company of infantry, which early in July was 
assigned to duty with the Forty-second Illinois Infantry 
as Company C, with him as its Captain, his commission 
dating July 22, 1861. In December of the same year he 
was promoted to Major; in October, 1862, to Lieutenant 
Colonel, and on February 15, 1863, he was commissioned 
Colonel. From the time he was promoted to Major until 
May 15, 1864, when he resigned, he was constantly in 
command of his regiment, and in the battles of Chicka- 
mauga and Mission Ridge he commanded a brigade in 
Sheridan s Division of the Army of the Cumberland. His 
services in the field, briefly stated, commenced in Sep 
tember, 1 86 1, in Missouri under Fremont, taking part in 
the campaigns under Generals Fremont and Hunter. In 
February, 1862, he left under orders of that department 



134 MEMORIALS. 

to reinforce General Grant at Donelson. His regiment, 
meeting the prisoners taken in that battle, at Cairo, was 
thereupon ordered down the Mississippi to Island No. 10. 
While the siege of this island was carried on and no 
apparent progress was made. Major Wai worth conceived 
the idea of surprising the water battery located above 
the bend of the river and commanding it for a con 
siderable distance. His suggestion was carried out by 
Colonel Roberts in his famous exploit on April ist, by 
which the guns at that battery were spiked and our iron 
clads were enabled to run the gauntlet at the island, cut 
off the retreat of the Confederates towards the south 
and finally compel them to surrender. From here the 
regiment went to New Madrid and Fort Pillow and was 
then ordered up the Tennessee river to Hamburg Land 
ing, where it engaged in the various movements around 
Corinth, and, when Bragg occupied Kentucky, made a 
forced march from the Tennessee river at Tuscumbia to 
Nashville, where it took part in the siege of that city and 
the many skirmishes incident thereto. After Bragg s re 
treat from Kentucky, and the reorganization of the army, 
the regiment became a part of the Army of the Cumber 
land until the ending of the war. 

Colonel Walworth was one of the warm friends of 
General Sheridan, who, recognizing his keen perceptions 
and excellent military judgment, not only frequently en 
trusted to him operations of importance, but advised 
with him as to the feasibility of carrying out intended 
movements. 

Companion Walworth s civil career after the war was 
closed was all that could be expected of so brave and 
good a soldier. His home life was ideal. He was a 
conscientious, affectionate husband whose greatest pleas 
ure was to make all who came near him happy. 



MEMORIALS. 135 

Successful in his worldly affairs he was one of the 
rare men who dispensed charities during his lifetime, 
giving without being asked to the young starting out in 
business life that they might successfully hew their way 
to prosperity, while those who came to him for help and 
were worthy never left empty handed. 

And with all his success in every avenue that had 
opened itself to him his modesty was predominant, no 
one ever hearing him speak in boastful language of his 
doings or achievements on the field of battle. 

To those who knew him he was a dear, devoted 
friend, and by his death this Commandery loses a Com 
panion whose place can never be filled. 

EDGAR D. SWAIN, 
ALEXANDER F. STEVENSON, 

ZEXAS P. HANSON, 

Committee. 




JOSEPH CLAPP. 

Captain Eighth Illinois Cavalry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Bolton, Massachusetts, November 20, 1892. 

IN MEMORY of Companion Captain Joseph Clapp: 
Born in Boston, Massachusetts, August 28, 1839; 
died in Bolton, Massachusetts, November 20, 1892. 
Between these dates our Companion lived and loved, 
struggled and sorrowed, hoped and triumphed. Born in 
the City of Patriots and reared amid the hallowed scenes 
of the Revolution, he was inspired with an intense love 
of liberty and country. When liberty was confronted 
by slavery and his country stood face to face with rebel 
lion, he armed in their defense. 

He enlisted September 6 r 1861, in Company F, Eighth 
Illinois Cavalry, and followed the varied fortunes of his 

136 



MEMORIALS. 



137 



regiment in the Army of the Potomac, until its muster 
out, July 17, 1865. The regimental record is the best 
evidence of his service, his sacrifice and the esteem of 
his companions in arms. 

September 18, 1861, he was mustered and appointed 
First Corporal. 

May 30, 1 863, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant. 

March I, 1864, he was commissioned First Lieutenant. 

January 6, 1865, he was commissioned Captain of 

Company F, and commanded his company until its final 

muster out. 

He returned to civil life with the steady purpose and 
unflinching courage that marked his military career. In 
flexible in will, his conscience was open to truth. Stern 
in purpose, his moral being was softened by gentleness. 
Rugged by nature, his heart warmed with love. 

As a man, citizen, son, brother, husband and father, 
he was faithful and true to every trust and every relation 
in life. For years he fought patiently, uncomplainingly, 
manfully against disease. He sought rest and health in 
a warmer clime, but yielding to the inevitable, returned 
to his native state to die. 

Deeply sympathizing with his family and friends, with 
them his Companions deplore his loss, and will emulate 
his virtues. 

He is tenting to-night on a far-away field. He is 
sleeping his last sleep, and God s voice only can awaken 
him to glory. In death s solemn presence and eternal 
stillness, let us softly whisper 

"Companion, farewell." 

HENRY A. PEARSONS, 
JOHN L. BEVERIDGE, 
FRANK CLENDENIN, 

Committee* 




FRANK HARWOOD WHITE. 

first /.icnlenatil and Quartermaster, Fourteenth Micliigan fnt antrv 

L nited States I olunteers. Died at Montague, 

Michigan t January 10, I$QI. 




the service as Quartermaster Sergeant, 
Fourteenth Michigan Infantry, U. S. V., February 
5, 1862; Second Lieutenant, December I, 1862; 
First Lieutenant and Regimental Quartermaster, De 
cember i, 1862. Mustered out, March 14, 1865. War 
service with the Army of the Cumberland, 



138 




WILLIAM GALE MEAD, 

/ /;\sV Lieutenant Seventy-second Illinois Infantr\\ L r >iited States 
I olunleers. Died at Chicago, Hlinois, Jan nary ij, iSqj. . 

ON January 13, 1893, the Illinois Cornrnandery of the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion was, by the 
hand of death, deprived of one of its most cherished 
Companions. First Lieutenant William Gale Mead 
entered the military service of the United States as 
Sergeant of Company I), Seventy - second Regiment 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, [uly 25, 1862. He was 
commissioned Second Lieutenant, January 16, 1863; 
First Lieutenant, September 27, 1864, and mustered out 
of service with that rank on August /, 1865. The last 
eight months of his military career were passed in acting 
as Assistant Adjutant General on the staff of Major 

139 



140 MEMORIALS. 

General A. J. Smith, commanding the Sixteenth Army 
Corps. 

During the period of service with his regiment and in 
his staff position, he nobly did his full duty as an earnest 
and patriotic soldier, and merited the approbation of his 
superiors in office. 

The records of this Commandery show that he par 
ticipated in General Grant s first and second attempt to 
capture Vicksburg; was in Ransom s Brigade, McArthur s 
Division of the Seventeenth Army Corps at Champion s 
Hill, and at the assault upon Vicksburg, where he re 
ceived a gunshot wound in the head; was at the battle of 
Nashville in December, 1864, with the Sixteenth Army 
Corps; was at the siege of Mobile and the attack upon 
Spanish Fort, in April, 1865, and in various other en 
gagements of lesser note. 

Since the war he has lived among us, quietly and 
unostentatiously, as becomes a hero. 

The record of his life is a page of history. 

We write his epitaph in letters of gold: A brave 
soldier, a worthy citizen, a Christian gentleman. 

JOSEPH STOCKTON, 
GEORGE H. HEAFFORD, 
JAMES A. SEXTON, 

Committee. 




ARTHUR TANNATT WOODS. 

Died at Chicago, Illinois, February 7, iScjj. 

ARTHUR TANNATT WOODS, eldest son of Captain 
f\ and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel George Henry 
^^ Woods, who died September 30, 1884, at Decatur, 
Illinois, was born at Minneapolis, Minnesota, January 9, 
1859. He lived with his parents in Minneapolis, Minne 
sota, Omaha, Nebraska, and Salem, Massachusetts, until 
he entered the Naval Academy in September, iS/6. 

He was graduated from the Naval Academy, as Cadet 
Engineer in June, 1880, and for three years served at sea 
on the ships Mayflower, Dispatch, Galena, Quinneborg, 
Nipsic, Lancaster and Trenton, and was promoted to 
Assistant Engineer from June 10, 1882. Till the fall of 
1883, he served in the Bureau of Steam Engineering of 

141 



142 MEMORIALS. 

the Navy Department at Washington, District of Co 
lumbia, when he was detailed to the University of Illinois 
at Champaign, for duty in the Mechanical Engineering 
Department. Here he served as Assistant Professor of 
Mechanical Engineering till June, 1887, when, being 
offered the Professorship of his Department, on July 11. 
1887, he resigned from the Navy. 

He remained at the University of Illinois until 
September I, 1891, when he resigned his position to ac 
cept the Chair of Dynamic Engineering at Washington 
University, St. Louis. On September i, 1892, he re 
signed his position in the Washington University to be 
come Associate Editor of the Railroad Gazette at Chicago, 
which position he occupied at the time of his death in 
Chicago, February 7, 1893. 

In June, 1890, Mr. Woods received the degree of 
Master of Mechanical Engineering from Cornell Uni 
versity. He was a member of the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers, a member of the American Society 
of Naval Engineers from the time of its organization, 
and was an associate member of the Railway Master 
Mechanics Association. He was the author of a text 
book on mechanism, a book on compound locomotives 
and of various papers and articles on mechanical engi 
neering in the magazines devoted to that subject. In 
addition to his editorial duties, he acted as consulting 
mechanical engineer in Chicago. 

On September 2, 1884, Mr. Woods married Harriet 
Scott de Krafft, daughter of Rear Admiral ]. C. P. de 
Krafft, U. S. N., who survives him. He left no children, 
and his only brother, W. H. P. Woods, now a student 
in the Boston University, resides at Salem, Massachusetts. 

February 6, 1892, Mr. Woods was admitted through 
the Commandery of the State of Missouri, to the Military 



MEMORIALS. 143 

Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States as a 
member of the First Class by inheritance, and was trans 
ferred to the Commandery of the State of Illinois on 
November 2 i, 1892. 

Though connected with the Illinois Commandery but 
a short time, Mr. Woods won the respect of the Com 
panions with whom he was brought into contact, by his 
gentlemanly bearing and genial qualities, and it was with 
sincere regret that they learned of his sudden death. To 
his widow and family they extend their profound sympathy. 

WILLIAM D. FULLERTOX, 
JOHN R. MONTGOMERY, 
HERBERT A. GODDARD, 

Committee. 




EDWARDS CORSE. 

Died at Chicago. Illinois, /itne 4, iSqj. 

I HOSE of you who have stood in the front of battle 
^ as the reaper has laid his heavy hand upon the 
brow of comrade and friend, those who have stood by 
the lonely grave in the far Southland are no strangers to 
the sympathy which dwells within the camps of \Yar and 
the breasts of brave men. 

Your hearts have been touched, as again and again 
within this room you have listened as a comrade has 
told the simple story of a life that was ended, but linked 
in memory with your own and forever \vith deeds im 
mortal as shall be the history of your country. 

As one by one the faces vanish from the camp fire, 
there comes a realization of the march of time and the 



MEMORIALS. 145 

approach of that hour when beside the narrow home the 
trumpet shall sound "taps" and they who listen shall 
know that the last light has gone out. 

Yet more ruthless seems the remorseless one when 
he reaches forth his hand and smites low him whose feet 
still tread the paths of youth and whose eye, fixed on the 
future, is still bright with hope. 

For a second time within the year death has removed 
from our midst one of the most promising of the younger 
members of this Commandery. 

Mr. Edwards Corse who, after an illness of three 
months, died in this city on the fourth day of June, 1893, 
was born June 5, 1860, in the city of Burlington, Iowa. 

As a child he visited, with his mother, the head 
quarters of his father in the field, and as a youth traveled 
extensively through Europe, Asia, the Islands of the Sea 
and his native land. Receiving his education at Harvard 
University, he engaged in business with his father, the late 
Major General John M. Corse, since whose retirement he 
has been identified with business interests in this city. 

Eleven years ago the deceased married the daughter 
of Mr. Redmond Prindiville. His widow and three 
children survive him. It was his earnest desire that his 
only son might some day inherit his membership in this 
Order, to which Mr. Corse was himself elected April 6, 
i 88 1, becoming a Companion of the First Class on the 
death of his father, April 27, 1893. 

Of uniform gentleness of character, modest demeanor, 
and earnest loyalty, he was proud of the achievements 
of his gallant father. Endeared to those who knew him 
by his many qualities of mind and heart, we sincerely 
mourn his loss. LEROY T. STEWARD, 

HUGH R. BELKNAP, 
HENRY S. BOUTELL, 

Committee. 




CALEB SOUTHARD BURDSAL, 

Second Lieutenant Independent Battery, Colorado Artillery, United 
States Volunteers. Died at Phoenix, Arizona, 



evlPANION Caleb S. Burdsal was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, where he passed his early days. He moved 
to Chicago with his parents in 1856. On the first call 
for troops he enlisted on April 21, 1861, as a private in 
Battery A, First Illinois Artillery, and served with that 
command until the expiration of his term of service, when 
he was mustered out August 15, 1861. 

After remaining some time in Chicago, he went to 
Colorado, but he could not refrain from doing his share 
of patriotic duty, so he again enlisted as a private in the 
Independent Battery of Colorado, and after passing the 
various non-commissioned grades, he was mustered in as 

146 



MEMORIALS. 147 

Second Lieutenant of his battery. He served on gen 
eral frontier duty in the Departments of Kansas and 
Missouri, and was mustered out of service August 31, 
1865. He then returned to Chicago and at once entered 
the employ of the Ludington Wells and Van Schaick 
Company, one of the largest lumber concerns in the 
West, where he remained until the time of his death 
(August 20, 1893), a period of over twenty-six years. 
The same faithfulness to duty that distinguished his 
military history also earned him promotion in civil life. 
For thirteen years he was Secretary of this company, a 
position of great responsibility. 

Lieutenant Burdsal was admitted to membership in 
the Order through this Commandery at the meeting in 
June, 1883. The memory of his military history and 
companionship was one that he greatly enjoyed and 
warmly cherished. 

Such, in brief, is the history of our late associate. 
From his life of sterling worth we can learn a lesson of 
true manhood. He was of an affectionate and affable 
nature, was warm and true in his friendships. As a citi 
zen, husband and father he was faithful in the discharge 
of every duty. For years he fought patiently, uncom 
plainingly and manfully against an insidious and debili 
tating disease always hopeful and trustful- and after 
seeking health in Arizona, without receiving any benefit 
therefrom, away from home and friends when the last 
call came, he was ready to obey. 

Deeply sympathizing with his family and friends, we 
with them deplore his loss and shall ever hold his 
memory in affectionate respect and esteem. 

JOHN MCLAREN, 
HOLMES HOOK, 
HENRY A. PEARSONS, 

Committee. 




JAMES IRVIN NEFF. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant One Hundred and First Ohio In 
fantry, United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago^ 
Illinois, September ij, iSqj. 

I OMPANIOX James Irvin Neff was born in Center 
v^_ County, Pennsylvania, October 5, 1839, and his 
boyhood years were spent upon his father s farm in that 
County, until at the proper age he entered Dickinson 
Seminary in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, from which in 
stitution he graduated in 1861. 

In January of the following year he began the study 
of law under Colonel Leander Stem, at Tiffin, Ohio, and 
there continued as a student until the formation of the 
One Hundred and First Ohio Infantry, when he enlisted 
in Company H of that regiment. In the organization of 
that battalion, young Neff was elected and commissioned 

148 



MEMORIALS. 149 

Second Lieutenant. His regiment was assigned to the 
Army of the Cumberland, and from the early summer of 
icSf>2 until the month of June, 1865, he remained con 
stantly in active service with his regiment. Soon after 
he had entered upon his active military duties he was 
promoted to First Lieutenant and then to Adjutant of 
his regiment, in which capacity he displayed unusual 
military tact and administrative ability. 

The history of the One Hundred and First Ohio was 
one of conspicuous gallantry, and along with that regi 
ment Companion Neff rendered his country distinguished 
and heroic services at the battles of Stone s River, 
Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Resaca, in the memorable 
campaign to Atlanta, and subsequently participated gal 
lantly in the battles of Franklin and Nashville under the 
command of that distinguished and heroic military chief 
tain, General George H. Thomas. In all of his military 
career and in the discharge of every military duty, Com 
panion Neff displayed in the most commendable degree 
those rare qualities of quiet but intense earnestness, un 
yielding firmness, unflinching courage and unwavering de 
votion to duty under all circumstances and in every station. 

He was admitted to the bar at Columbus, Ohio, in 
1867, and soon after began the practice of law at Free- 
port, Illinois, where first in association with the late 
Colonel Thomas J. Turner, then with Judge Joseph M. 
Bailey, and later with James H. Stearns, he pursued his 
profession successfully until his death. Companion Neff 
was a lawyer of ability and a wise and valued counselor. 
His clientage was large, and included the Illinois Central 
Railroad and many other large corporations, and active 
men of business who intrusted large interests to him; in 
the discharge of his professional duties, he was conspicu 
ous for his fidelity, discretion and sound judgment. 



I5O MEMORIALS. 

From 1878 to 1881 he was a member of the General 
Assembly of this State, and was distinguished as a legis 
lator for his prudence, far-sighted wisdom and intelligent 
patriotism. From 1884 until 1892 he was a member of 
the Illinois State Board of Equalization a position of 
great trust, in which he rendered the people of his State 
the invaluable service of a faithful, courageous and wise 
public officer. 

Among the survivors of the war for the preservation 
of the Union, Companion Xeff was deservedly popular 
and always welcome to the circles of the Grand Army 
and of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion; at one 
time he was the Commander of the John A. Davis Post 
of the Grand Army of the Republic at Freeport. 

In 1889 our deceased Companion was appointed by 
Governor Fifer as one of the Trustees of the Soldiers 
and Sailors Home at Ouincy. In this position Com 
panion Xeff became doubly endeared to that torn and 
feeble remnant of the veterans of 1865, whom the terri 
ble vicissitudes of war had rendered both helpless and 
homeless. In these weary and suffering heroes our late 
Companion recognized not only those who had borne 
with him the brunt of battle, but a deserving class to 
whom was due the special bounty of our people and the 
fullest measure of patriotic sympathy and manly tender 
ness. 

Companion Xeff was married to Miss Catherine Row- 
ell, of Freeport, on January 29, 1879, who, together with 
two children, Florence and Willie, survive him. 

Verily, our dead are not far from us, for betwixt life 
and death there is but a single breath. 

Companion Xeff died at St. Luke s Hospital in this 
city, on the morning of September 14, 1893, at the age 
of 54 years. Thus do the brave men, whose united pur- 



MEMORIALS. 151 

pose and splendid service achieved for the Republic of 
our patriotic affection a triumph whose grandeur and 
lasting benefits are seldom fully comprehended, and 
which never have been equaled in military events, puss 
from the view of living eyes and from the touch of loyal 
hands, across the mystic threshold, into that Paradise 
where the "wicked cease from troubling and the weary 
are at rest. " 

\Ve do not even pause in our course, but looking ever 
forward leave this tribute of respectful affection to the 
memory of our fallen Companion. 

FRANCIS A. RIDDLE, 
EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 
SMITH D. ATKINS. 

Committee. 




PHINEAS PEASE. 

Colonel Forty-ninth Illinois Infantry and Brevet Brigadier General, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Columbus, Ohio, 

October 8, 1893. 

JO REVET Brigadier General Phineas Pease, a Corn- 
*J j panion of this Commandery, died at Columbus, 
Ohio, October 8, 1893. His death was indirectly 
caused by a gunshot wound received at the battle of 
Shiloh. 

General Pease entered the service of the United 
States as Lieutenant Colonel of the Forty-ninth Illinois 
Infantry, United States Volunteers, December 31, 1861. 
He was promoted to be Colonel of the same regiment 
January 17, 1863, and was brevetted Brigadier General 
at the close of the war, for gallant and meritorious serv 
ices; was honorably discharged from the service of the 

152 



MEMORIALS. 153 

United States, January 9, 1865. He took part with his 
regiment in the battles of Donelson and Shiloh; the 
advance on Corinth, Little Rock, Yellow Bayou, Bayou 
Deglaize, Chicot Lake, Franklin, Missouri, and Nash 
ville, Tennessee. 

The Colonel of the Forty-ninth being severely 
wounded at Donelson, General Pease, as Lieutenant 
Colonel, commanded his regiment most of the time that 
ensued until he succeeded to the rank of Colonel. 

After the war he was actively engaged in railroad and 
bridge construction, and was for several years a resident 
of Chicago. While here he made many warm friends 
both in the Loyal Legion and out of it. He was a man 
of generous impulses and warm friendships, a typical 
soldier of the war, loyal, patriotic and unselfish. In 
business he was honest and energetic. 

It is fitting that this Commandery should drop a tear 
to the memory of the brave men that so rapidly and so 
steadily are being borne away from us; each succeeding 
roll-call finds fewer responses. In a little while we shall 
have all answered to our names for the last time. Let 
us hope that a kind Providence will deal gently in the 
future with the brave men who suffered so much for con 
stitutional liberty upon this earth. 

CHARLES FiTzSiMONs, 
JOHN L. BEVERIDGE, 
Aur.usrrs L. CHETLAIN, 

Committee. 




DON CARLOS NEWTON. 

Captain Fifty-second Illinois Infantrv, L nited States l^oluntccrs. 
Died at Batavia t Illinois, October S, iSqj. 

*TI.GAIN our hearts are saddened by the removal of the 
l\ name of another Companion from the muster roll 
^^ of our Commandery. Once again the usual routine 
of our business is arrested while we unite in a heartfelt 
testimonial to one whose memory we gratefully cherish, 
but whose presence will be with us no more. 

The death of Captain Don Carlos Newton occurred 
on the 8th of October, 1893. In the early dawn of that 
beautiful autumnal day, he heard what even the friends 
who ministered at his bedside did not then hear, "The 
voice of the Archangel and the trump of God, calling 
him to ascend with his Master to the resurrection of 



MEMORIALS. 155 

eternal life," and summoning him to a perpetual com 
panionship with those heroes and patriots whom the 
great Captain from time to time has taken from our 
ranks and assigned to service in His immediate presence. 
In the spirit of true soldierly obedience he laid down the 
weapons of warfare which he had hitherto so faithfully 
waged, and with the kiss of wifely devotion still fresh 
upon his lips, he left his earthly home for his heavenly 
inheritance. 

All of our recollections of Captain Newton recall him 
to our memories as a Prince among good men. Bright 
and cheer} of disposition, companionable, generous, 
manly, brave. He was quick to perceive what was noble 
and praiseworthy in others and his judgments were as 
generous as were his sympathies or his benefactions. An 
intrepid but magnanimous soldier, a loyal and patriotic 
citizen, a devoted and faithful friend, he stood for all 
that is worthiest and best among men. 

Captain Newton was a native of Alexander, New 
York, and received his education at Alleghany College, 
Pennsylvania. In 1854 he removed to Batavia, Illinois, 
where he established and developed a magnificent busi 
ness which yielded him a large and well earned pecuniary 
reward. 

In 1 86 1 he helped to recruit the Fifty-second Regi 
ment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served with that 
Regiment for three years, participating in twenty-three 
battles and closing his military experience when the 
capture of Savannah crowned Sherman s memorable 
14 March to the Sea." 

As at the beginning of the war he had left business, 
home and an invalid but patriotic wife in order that he 
might discharge to the uttermost his duty to the State, 
so when the success of the Union cause was assured he 



I 56 MEMORIALS. 

returned to the scene of his former activities, taking up 
again the work which had been temporarily interrupted 
and was thenceforth not less the ideal citizen than dur 
ing his military life he had been the knightly soldier. 

He served God as he had served his Country, not so 
much in speech as in deed not in profession but in un 
flinching integrity and unswerving loyalty to truth and 
righteousness. He worshipped his Master in his cheer 
ful recognition of every obligation which as neighbor, 
citizen or friend was devolved upon him. He followed 
his Saviour in his daily example of upright dealing and 
manly helpfulness, and he honored his Heavenly Father 
by the beauty of his filial piety and the purity and 
tenderness of his conjugal affection. 

Gradually but surely the circle composed of the active 
participants in the War of the Rebellion is contracting. 
As one after another drops out of the line and the sur 
vivors come together to offer their tributes to the virtues 
and the memory of the fallen, they are again and again 
reminded that the hour approaches when at roll-call no 
comrade will be present to respond. 

We extend our earnest and heartfelt sympathy to 
those who suffer most keenly from this affliction. Help 
less ourselves to afford them comfort, we commend them 
to God and to the power of His grace in the full assur 
ance that He will minister to them an abundant con 
solation. 

FRANK P. CRANDON, 
JOHN S. WILCOX, 
EDGAR D. SWAIN, 

Committee. 




HENRY DE WOLF. 

Sergeant One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Illinois Infantry, United 
States ]~olunteers. Died at L Jiicago, October 10, iSgj. 

evIPANION Henry De Wolf was born at Alton, Illi 
nois, October 3, 1844, and in 1846 his father re 
moved his family to Chicago. At an early age he entered 
the Ogden School, passed through its course and that of 
the Chicago High School, at that time the best educa 
tional institution in the city. 

In 1 86 1 he entered his life-long service with the Illi 
nois Central Railroad Company, commencing as junior 
clerk and passing through variDus grades to the position 
of treasurer, which he held at the time of his death. His 
advancement was gradual, each promotion being made in 
recognition of the faithful and thorough manner in which 

157 



158 MEMORIALS. 

he performed the duties entrusted to him, of his wise 
and prudent management, sterling integrity and unfail 
ing courtesy. 

June 2, 1862, his eldest brother, Lieutenant William 
De Wolf, Third United States Artillery (through whom 
he became eligible to membership in the Loyal Legion ), 
died from wounds received at the battle of Williamsburg, 
Virginia. Even before this time, Henry had wished to 
enter his country s service, and his brother s death seemed 
to intensify this desire, which arose, not from any feel 
ings of revenge, but from the strong sense of duty which 
characterized his entire life. Out of deference to the 
wishes of his parents, he remained at home until the call 
for troops in 1864, when, on the I3th day of May, he 
enlisted in Company D, One Hundred and Thirty-fourth 
Illinois Infantry Volunteers, being mustered in on the 
3ist day of that month, as Sergeant. June 3, 1864, the 
regiment left Camp Fry for Columbus, Kentucky, where 
it remained on garrison duty for some time, moving to 
Mayfield, Kentucky, in August, and afterwards partici 
pating in the pursuit of the Confederate troops under 
General Price in Missouri. October 25, 1864, the regi 
ment was mustered out, nearly two months after its term 
of service had expired. 

On the 8th day of January, 1^91, he was unanimously 
elected a Companion of the First Class of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, through 
the Commandery of the State of Illinois. 

October 10, 1893, he died, like a soldier at his post 
of duty, being stricken down with heart disease at his 
office in Chicago. Death came to him without warning, 
but found him ready for the summons. His purity of 
character and sweetness of disposition endeared him to 
all his friends, and it is with a deep sense of personal 



MEMORIALS. 159 

loss that we tender to his family the sympathies of this 

Commandery. 

ROSWKI.L H. MASON, 
ALEXANDER C. McCLURG, 
CLARENCE H. DYER, 

Committee, 




CHARLES WARRINGTON EARLE. 

Firsf Lieutenant Xinety-sixtli Illinois hi fan try and Rrcret Captain, 

Ignited States Volunteer s. Died at Chicago, 

Illijiois, X 01 ember iq, iSqj. 

CHARLES WARRINGTON EARLE, a native of Ver 
\^_ mont, having come with his father to this State, 
enlisted ere he was eighteen years of age in an Illinois 
regiment. From May until September, 1861, he served 
as a private, most of the time in what is known as Fre 
mont s Missouri Campaign. At the date last named, a 
sallow stripling, weak and wasted, he was discharged 
for disability. 

Returning to his father s home, the invigorating air 
that blew o er the hills of Lake Count} expelled the 
poison with which his system had been filled in the 

1 60 



MEMORIALS. l6l 

swamps of Missouri, and August 11, 1862, he again en 
listed as a private, this time in what afterward became 
the Ninety-sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Because of 
his intelligence and experience, he was made First Ser 
geant of Company C of that regiment, and thereafter 
rose to the rank of First Lieutenant, in which capacity he 
commanded his company at the battle of Chickarnauga. 

His was a part of Granger s command that on the 
third day came up in time to hurl back the triumphing 
foe to save the day and the army. Three times wound 
ed on that memorable field, he remained with his corn- 
pain , and with it, owing to a mistake of a staff officer, 
he was captured after the Union forces abandoned Mis 
sionary Ridge. 

A prisoner in Libby, the hope of escape was ever 
present with him. Into a hole, back of a stove, in a 
chimney, thence down to a cellar, whence a tunnel, pre 
pared by stout hearts and eager hands, led through the 
foundations of a three-story brick building, beneath the 
pavement, alongside of foul and noisome sewers, ran the 
way through which he and one hundred and eighteen 
others crawled to the open air. 

Dodging sentinels, mingling with rebel citizens and 
soldiers, cautiously and stealthily he made his way to the 
fortifications that surrounded Richmond, and over these 
on hands and knees in silence and darkness, groped his 
way; thence on, till as daylight appeared, he sought the 
friendly shelter of a half frozen morass, and in its chill 
and damp embrace laid down to wait for the coming of 
night. Thus, from morn to night and night to morn for 
six days, guided by the stars, he wended his way. Twice 
he crept in the darkness to negro quarters, the habitation 
of a slave, to homes of the yet despised and downtrod 
den, and twice in such humble abodes he was warmed 



1 62 MEMORIALS. 

and fed with all his hosts had, while a cordon of dusky 
sentinels ranged without to give warning of the approach 
of whites. At last, when hunger and cold, the chill and 
ooze in which they lay, and the fatigue of the wearisome 
way had unsettled the mind of his one companion, he 
reached an outpost of the Union army. 

And for what did this slender boy, not yet a voter, do 
this ? Only that he might once more stand before his 
country s foe, again interpose his body between the 
armed hosts of rebellion and the nation s life. It cannot 
be amiss in these days if now and then, at least in this 
presence, the disinterested patriotism of such as was our 
dead comrade is recalled. 

Thirty days leave of absence was given him, thirty 
days to look at the old farm, to see and embrace family 
and friends, to tell to listening neighbors the romantic 
story of his escape, to shake off and out the foul exhala 
tions of prison and marsh, travel two thousand miles and 
rejoin his regiment. The month gone, and he is again 
where danger is most imminent and foemen most fre 
quent. 

Participating in all the battles of the Atlanta cam 
paign; present at Franklin and Nashville; serving as 
Aide-de-Camp, brevetted Captain for gallant and meri 
torious service at Chickamauga, Resaca, Atlanta, Frank 
lin and Nashville; at the close of the war he resumed 
the studies he had left, took up pursuits always kept in 
mind, and so came to be the able, learned, conscientious, 
faithful physician and surgeon he was for many years. 

As husband and father, as neighbor and citizen, as 
instructor and friend, as physician and companion, as 
soldier and man, he was without fear and without re 
proach. No one who knew Charles Warrington Earle 
as we knew him, can ever lose faith in humanity. No 



MEMORIALS. 163 

one who saw him in the shock of battle can ever want 
for an example of manly courage. No one who entered 
into the recesses of his heart and felt the touch of his 
strong hand, can fail to know what friendship is. 
Dear Friend 

Whatever chaplet Honor wears, 

Whatever rank can Valor claim, 

Whatever guerdon Truth doth hold, 
Is thine: 

And thou art ours. 

ARBA N. WATERMAN, 
WILLIAM E. CLARKE, 
DANIEL R. BROWER, 

Committee. 




JAMES GUSHING WHITE. 

Captain Second Massachusetts Heai v Artillery, United States Vohtn- 
teers. Died at Clarion, Indiana, Xovember 22, 1893. 

I APTAIN James Gushing White ! Two circumstances 
\ immediately warm the hearts of our Order towards 
Captain White one, that his Insignia has the 
early number, 822, and the other that he served his 
country with two regiments, both of which retained his 
services until they, in turn, were mustered out. Our 
comrade, who died November 22, 1893, first entered the 
volunteer service for nine months, September 12, 1862, 
as a Lieutenant in the Forty-fourth Massachusetts In 
fantry, and closed that term with the regiment at its 
muster-out, June 18, 1863. He re-entered the service 
as a Captain in the Second Massachusetts Heavy Artil- 

164 



MEMORIALS. 165 

lery, October 8, 1863, where he remained until that 
second regimental muster-out, September 15, 1865. His 
war service was in the Department of Virginia, and later 
in the Department of North Carolina. 

Captain White, who was born in Boston, July 20, 
1832, became a member of our Order through the Massa 
chusetts Commandery, June 2, 1868, and was transferred 
to the Illinois Commandery, May 7, 1879, becoming by 
that transfer a privileged charter-member of our Com 
mandery, which last circumstance is a third reason why 
his death should appeal strongly to our hearts. 

Captain White died, at the date named, in the 
Soldiers Home at Marion, Indiana, of pneumonia. We 
gather that he was disabled because of tuberculosis, and 
that in the days of his increasing sickness he found a 
refuge among old soldiers in the Home provided through 
our national patriotic gratitude towards those who risked 
all fatigues, privations and perils that the republic might 
live and not die. 

The routine and life in the best of these homes are 
humble and unobtrusive. The inevitable monotony is 
sometimes broken by local celebrations when maimed 
and scarred heroes beat their old war drums, and, despite 
their persistent aches and pains, mutually stimulate their 
patriotic memories, repledge their undying loyalty, and 
pathetically try to believe that they are tenderly cherished 
in the hearts of an unforgetful republic. As time thins 
their diminishing numbers, and the poor battered bodies 
grow too weak to wave an ancient battle-flag, and the 
tongue becomes too feeble to articulate the remembered 
battle-shout, the thorough-going hero turns his face 
away from the battling past to get a compensating 
glimpse of the future of the republic now the more firmly 
founded upon the principles for which he was once will- 



1 66 MEMORIALS. 

ing even to die, if need be. If all others forget these 
patriots in their humble asylums, surely we of the Loyal 
Legion will be guiltless of that ungrateful sin. 

The internal economy of these Soldiers Homes is 
very simple, and their rewards, aside from food, sleep, 
medication and rest, are exceedingly few. The general 
command is the gift of the general government, while 
lesser authority comes through good conduct and local 
confidence. We are touched by the unobtrusive but 
significant fact that Captain White was in charge of one 
of the Barracks of the Home in which he died. That 
humble circumstance shows that he had promotion in 
the quiet military community where Rest and Order are 
vital elements. When the last hour came he exchanged 
greetings and partings with his wife and son who arrived 
in time to smooth his dying- pillow. The remains were 
taken to Cambridge, Massachusetts, for burial. 

ARTHUR EDWARDS, 
HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON, 
THOMAS C. EDWARDS, 

Committee. 




ROSWELL GRISWOLD BOGUE. 



fan .\ inelcenih // inoi s Infantry, United States 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, December S, iSgj, 



JUT AJOR Roswell Griswold Bogue was born in Louis- 
|*l ville, St. Lawrence County, New York, May 2, 
^^ 1832, and died in Chicago, December 8, 1893. 
He was educated at the Castleton Academy, Vermont, 
and spent the earlier years of his young manhood in 
teaching. From the East he came to Columbus, Ohio, 
where he read medicine with a distinguished surgeon of 
that time, Dr. Xorman Gay. He then attended the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York City, 
from which he received his degree in the winter of 1856 
and 1857, and in the spring of 1857 located in Chicago, 
and began his successful career in the practice of medi- 

167 



1 68 MEMORIALS. 

cine. He found friends at the outset of his career, fitted 
as he was for the healing art, both by nature and edu 
cation. 

Upon August 5, 1861, he was commissioned Major 
and Surgeon, and assigned to duty as Surgeon of the 
Nineteenth Illinois Infantry; and continued constantly in 
this service, until mustered out on July 9, 1864. 

The Regimental Surgeon of the United States Army 
enters upon his duty with no expectation of increased 
rank or pay. He can hope for increased honors and 
responsibilities and these came to Dr. Bogue. He 
served with his regiment through the Missouri, Kentucky, 
Tennessee and Alabama campaigns up to March, 1863, 
when he was appointed Medical Director of the Second 
Division of the Fourteenth Army Corps, commanded by 
General Negley. When the Army of the Cumberland 
was reorganized in October, 1863, Dr. Bogue was trans 
ferred to the Third Division of the Fourteenth Army 
Corps commanded by General Baird, and again honored 
by the appointment as Medical Director. He was with 
this command in all the battles in which it participated, 
notably those of Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Mission 
Ridge, Buzzard s Roost, and Resaca. In all of these 
posts of duty there is one continuous record of faithful 
ness, and efficiency. 

Dr. Bogue was a man of deep sympathy and he did 
not know what it was to spare himself when a wounded 
soldier was begging for help. After a battle it was no 
unusual experience of the faithful Surgeon, to work all 
night, sometimes leaning over the operating table until 
he found it impossible to straighten himself into an erect 
attitude, without the aid of his assistants. It was there 
amid such surroundings, performing the most difficult 
operations of surgery by the flaring light of torches and 



MEMORIALS. 169 

tallow candles, with body and mind taxed to their utmost, 
that he doubtless laid the foundations for the disease 
that later on destroyed the nerves of his eyes, and then 
ended his life by attacking the brain. 

At the close of the war, Dr. Bogue returned to Chi 
cago, and again entered upon the practice of his profes 
sion. He had a natural aptitude and love for surgery 
and sought as much as possible to give up his general 
practice, and devote himself exclusively to it. This he 
found it difficult to do, honored and loved as man and 
physician, in a multitude of homes. In addition to his 
skill as an operator, he was masterly in diagnosis, and his 
opinions were widely sought by his professional brethren. 

He was one of the organizers of the Cook County 
Hospital, and was for thirteen years one of the Attending 
Surgeons. He was the first Professor of Surgery in the 
Woman s College, and was for many years the Attending 
Surgeon for the Hospital of Women and Children. He 
was Consulting Surgeon for both the Presbyterian and 
St. Joseph s Hospital from their organization until his 
death. Major Bogue joined this Commandery, December 
5, 1883, and it is safe to say no member more keenly 
enjoyed its privileges. After he became entirely blind 
the members of the North Side made it their pleasing 
duty, to take turns in escorting him to the meetings, 
whenever the weather and his failing health permitted; 
and he frequently expressed his gratitude, and spoke of 
the meetings as the enjoyable events of the month. 
Blind and shut off in a large measure from later events, 
he loved to live over again the old army life in the papers, 
the old songs and the reminiscences of life in camp. 
Both socially and professionally the old soldier always 
found a sympathizing friend in Dr. Bogue, and as a 
citizen he was a man among men. 



I/O MEMORIALS. 

He was a profoundly religious man who exemplified 
its teachings by his every day practical life of "doing 
good." Called from us before his three score years and 
ten, yet his was a beautiful, well rounded life, and one 
whose memory this Commandery will cherish. While 
we enter upon our records our high appreciation of our 
departed brother and express our own sorrow, we desire 
to tender to the loved ones in his stricken home our pro 
found sympathy. 

OLIVER W. NIXON, 
EVERETT B. PRESTON, 

ALBERT L. COE, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM LANGWORTHY OGDEN. 

First Lieutenant r Fhird Neiv York Cavalry and Brevet Captain, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, 

Illinois, December 21 , iSgj. 

ON THE 2 ist day of December, 1893, William Lang- 
worthy Ogden bade farewell to his Companions in 
the Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion. 
Grasping the hand of that invisible Peacemaker, whose 
mission brings surcease of sorrow, he entered the portals 
of another life. 

He was born in New York City, November 2, 1841. 
Soon after his parents moved to Rochester, N.Y., where 
he grew from childhood to manhood and received his 
education. 

He enlisted June 13, 1861, as private in the Third 

171 



1/2 MEMORIALS. 

Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry. His promotion 
to Sergeant and then Sergeant Major came soon after, 
and in 1864 he was promoted to First Lieutenant and 
Adjutant, serving as such until mustered out in Novem 
ber, 1865. 

Returning to Rochester he accepted employment in 
the office of Moore s Rural New Yorker, remaining there 
until November, 1866. He then came to Chicago and 
entered the service of the CJiicago Tribune, where he 
remained until his death, having risen from the position 
of foreman of the mailing room to be the Tribune s busi 
ness manager. He was married in October, 1 869, his 
wife dying in May, 1878. 

Lieutenant Ogden was an exemplary citizen, quiet, 
unostentatious, strict, yet kind; in all his business rela 
tions he won the confidence, respect and approbation of 
his associates. By his death the Commandery loses a 
worthy Companion, one who honored the Commandery 
by his association with it. 

He leaves one child, a daughter, now the wife of H. 
B. Cook, of the Chicago Board of Trade. He also leaves 
three sisters and a brother. We extend to them our 
sympathy and feel that we too have lost a Companion 
worthy of us. 

GEORGE MASON, 
MARTIN J. RUSSELL, 
CHARLES F. MATTESON, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM ANDREW JAMES. 

Captain y/iird J\hode Island Cavalrv and Brei et jMaj or, United 

States Volunteers. Died at Highland Park, 

Illinois, December ?/, iSg^. 

ONCE more we are called upon to mourn the death 
of a beloved Companion. William Andrew James, 
who came of good old Puritan stock, was born at 
Providence, Rhode Island, Decembers, 1837, and died 
at Highland Park, Illinois, December 31, 1893. 

He enlisted as a private in the Tenth Rhode Island 
Volunteers, June I, 1861 (three months service ), and 
returned as Eirst Sergeant. He was commissioned 
October i, 1862, Captain in the Eleventh Rhode Island 
Volunteers (nine months service), and mustered out July 
13, 1863. He was commissioned Captain Third Rhode 
Island Cavalry, and resigned April 25, 1865, on account 

173 



MEMORIALS. 

of physical disability. He served in the defense of Wash 
ington, was at the siege of Suffolk and Blackvvater, at 
Yorktown and Williamsburg; was with General Banks on 
the Red River Campaign, on which occasion he was 
assigned as acting Assistant Inspector General on the 
Staff of General E. R. S. Canby, and he also took part 
in the siege of Spanish Fort, Fort Blakeley and the cap 
ture of Mobile. He was brevetted Major by President 
Lincoln "for distinguished services in the Department 
of the Gulf." He was over six feet in height, with a 
commanding presence and soldierly bearing. 

On being mustered out of the service, Major James, 
like a great many other Eastern men, made his way West 
and located in Chicago in 1865. For a long time he was 
a partner of ex-Mayor John A. Roche. They were burned 
out at the time of the great fire, and sustained heavy 
losses, but with old-time pluck he put his shoulder to the 
wheel and pulled out a good competence for himself and 
family. He was elected to the House of Representatives 
from the Eighth Senatorial District in 1875; re-elected 
in 1877, and again in 1879, when he was made Speaker 
of the House. He was the only Speaker of the House 
who had not been a professional lawyer. He proved a 
most popular officer, prompt in the dispatch of business, 
courteous and fair in his dealings, and notably impartial. 
Those of us who were his friends and neighbors can 
truthfully say we never heard him speak ill of any one. 
He was always ready to help the needy with heart, hand 
and pocketbook. The whole community will feel the 
loss of a faithful friend and adviser. To his family we 
offer our heartfelt sympathy. 

GEORGE C. BALL, 
WILLIAM J. HEMSTREET, 

OTHO H. MORGAN, 

Committee. 




JOHN HENRY RAUCH. 

Major and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Lebanon, Pennsylvania, March 24, 



IU1 AJOR and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel John Henry 
| I Rauch, late a Companion of this Commandery, 
^" died of paralysis of the heart at the home of his 
brother at Lebanon, Pennsylvania, March 24, 1894. 
Doctor Rauch, as he was familiarly known, was born at 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania, September 4, 1828. He gradu 
ated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1849, with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. In 1850 he moved to 
Burlington, Iowa, where for a number of years he was a 
successful practitioner in his chosen profession. He was 
appointed Professor of Materia Medica and Medicinal 
Botany in Rush Medical College of this city in the year 

175 



176 MEMORIALS. 

1857, filling this position with great credit to himself and 
the College for three years. 

Companion Rauch served as a Volunteer Aid upon 
the Staff of General Hunter at the first battle of Bull 
Run. Here he rendered General Hunter and other 
wounded soldiers important medical and surgical aid, for 
which he was specially thanked and mentioned in gen 
eral orders. He was appointed Surgeon of Volunteers, 
August 3, 1 86 1, and was thereupon assigned to duty as 
Brigade Surgeon of Keyes Brigade, McDowell s Division, 
at Arlington Heights, Virginia. He was successively 
Medical Director of Augur s Division, Medical Director 
at Culpepper, Assistant Medical Director of the Army of 
Virginia, and Medical Director of the Thirteenth and 
Nineteenth Corps in the field. March 13, 1865, he was 
brevetted Lieutenant Colonel for faithful and meritorious 
services, and was honorably discharged July 14, 1865. 

Upon his return to Chicago, in 1865, he re-entered 
upon the practice of his profession. He aided in organ 
izing the Board of Health of this city, and in 1867 was 
appointed a member thereof and Sanitary Superintend 
ent, which office he held for six years. In 1876 he was 
elected President of the American Public Health Associa 
tion. He was instrumental in the organization of the 
Illinois State Board of Health which was created in 1877; 
was its first President, and was either its President or 
Secretary from its organization to the year 1892. In 
1892 he assisted Companion ex-Surgeon General Hamil 
ton in the establishment of the quarantine station at 
Camp Low, New York. 

Companion Rauch was a great scientist in all matters 
that pertain to the public health. For more than twenty- 
five years immediately prior to his death no man in Illi 
nois, and probably no man in the United States, devoted 



MEMORIALS. I// 

more time and thought to the devising and carrying out 
of intelligent and practical plans and methods in Sani 
tary Science than he. 

The members of the Illinois State Board of Health, 
who possessed a full knowledge of the great services of 
Major Ranch, not only to the people of the State of Illi 
nois, but to the Nation, at a meeting of the Board, held 
soon after his death, said of him: 

" He was the first man in our midst to place the sub 
ject of public health upon a scientific basis, treating the 
vital questions of drainage and water supply with the 
intelligence and energy necessary to bring about results 
and projecting plans in sanitary science that will long 
remain models worthy the study of the student of public 
health. Besides the recognition of Doctor Ranch s great 
knowledge of the subject he had made his own, this 
Board wishes to record its enthusiasm for and apprecia 
tion of his devotion to his work; likewise of his many 
virtues as a friend and physician." 

Major Rauch was a good soldier, a thoughtful and 
intelligent scientist, and an honorable and useful man, 
whose influence and works will be appreciated by those 
yet unborn. 

THOMAS E. MILCH RIST, 
GEORGK HTXT, 
WILLIAM E. CLARKE, 

Committee. 




THOMAS SEAMAN WRIGHT. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Third /oz^ a Cai alry, United States 
} r olunteers. Died at A ezi 1 York City, July 26, 



flEUTENANT Thomas Seaman Wright was born at 
Keosauqua, Iowa, September 29, 1844, and died in 
^""^ New York City, July 26, 1894. He was the son of 
the Hon. George G. Wright, an honorary member of the 
Iowa Commandery, and for many years Chief Justice, 
and late United States Senator from Iowa. 

Lieutenant Wright entered the Iowa State University 
at the age of sixteen, but, filled with patriotic devotion 
to his country, left college to become First Lieutenant 
and Adjutant of the Third Iowa Cavalry in November, 
1864. On December 4th of the same year he was cap 
tured in a fight with guerillas near Memphis, Tennessee, 

178 



MEMORIALS. 1/9 

and was held a prisoner at Grenada and Meridian, Mis 
sissippi, and at Andersonville, Georgia, until April, 1865. 
He was mustered out of service at Davenport, Iowa, in 
June, 1865. 

He was made a member of the First Class through 
the Iowa Commandery, March 19, 1887, and was trans 
ferred to the Illinois Commandery October 21, 1891. 

After the close of the war he entered the Law De 
partment of the University of Iowa, graduating in 1867, 
and began the practice of the law in company with the 
late Thomas F. Withrow, General Counsel for the Chi 
cago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad Company, and at 
the time of his death was the General Attorney of that 
company. He left a wife and three children surviving 
him. 

A good soldier, a safe counsellor, an honest man and 
a devout patriot, his character furnishes an example wor 
thy of the highest emulation. 

To his family we extend our heartfelt sympathy and 
to this Commandery we commend his memory as one 
to be ever cherished. 

WILLIAM F. MERRILL, 
JAMES D. SPRINGER, 
HILON A. PARKER, 

Committee. 




JAMES LEWIS TKUMBULL, 

Captain. Assistant (Quartermaster and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, 
United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, 



I HE minutes of our time strike on, and are counted 
^ by the angels. Death, that tireless hunter of men, 
has again invaded our ranks and taken hence one of our 
number. 

James Lewis Trumbull died very suddenly of heart 
disease at his residence in this city, Tuesday night, July 
31, 1894. He was born at Burketsville, Maryland, July 
26, 1836. About 1855 his father moved with his family 
to Centerville, Indiana, where he gre\v to manhood. He 
was graduated at Whitewater College at that place, after 
which he moved to Indianapolis and engaged in the ex 
press business. He was married in 1861 to Miss Mary 

180 



MEMORIALS. l8l 

Kinder, who with three daughters and one son survives 
him. 

Colonel Trumbull s career was an active one, and his 
military service in the late war was creditable to himself 
and to the cause he served. Before the war he was iden 
tified with the Merchants Union Express Company, from 
which he resigned in September, 1861, to enter the service 
as a private in the Eleventh Regiment of Indiana Volun 
teers, taking part with that regiment in the battles of 
Romney and Chambersburg in Western Virginia. He 
was commissioned Captain and Assistant Quartermaster 
in November, 1863, and served with the Cavalry Division 
at Washington, D. C. , afterwards in the Department of 
the Missouri and in the Department of the Gulf, and was 
brevetted Lieutenant Colonel for "gallant and merito 
rious services." He was mustered out in November, 1863. 

Colonel Trumbull was a prominent member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic and a Past Commander of 
George H. Thomas Post at Indianapolis, Indiana, as well 
as an honored Companion of this Commandery. Since 
the close of the War, Colonel Trumbull served the Gov 
ernment in the Internal Revenue Department, and for 
many years past has been General Superintendent of the 
Central Division of the American Express Company. He 
was apparently in the best of health, and his sudden 
death startled and shocked his family and his associates, 
as well as this Commandery. 

To all places of trust, our late Companion brought a 
well-disciplined mind, discharging all the duties of the 
several offices to which he was called, with fidelity to 
the trusts committed to his care; indeed, it seems to 
have been with him a leading thought of life fidelity to 
the trusts reposed in him, or the responsibilities assumed 
by him, in his relations to others. 



1 82 MEMORIALS. 

" Man dies, but his memory lives." 

Under the sobered realities which are pressed upon 
our hearts, we are deeply touched in our affectionate re 
membrance of those who have gone before, and it is well 
that amid the cares and activities of the world, we have 
set apart and dedicated ourselves to pay one tribute to 
the memory of those who are no longer with us for the 
memories of our dead are very dear to us. It is the fond 
hope of every one to leave his memory to be treasured 
by some, when he shall have passed away. All cling to 
the heart s affections, even when the heart is soon to be 
stilled forever. 

The earthen vase which contained the mortal has 
been committed to the earth, and his immortal spirit has 
gone to the God who gave it. His virtues and labors 
will remain fragrant in our memories long after the clay 
shall have mouldered with the dust. 

While we offer our sacrifice of thanksgiving and 
praise, let us not forget to drop a tear of sympathy for 
the widow and the orphans. 

CHARLES E. BLIVEN, 
MYRON H. BEACH, 
ROBERT C. CLOWRY, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM DAWSON CROOKE, 

Major Tii enty-first loiva Infantry, United States ] oluntecrs. 
Died at Hinsdale, Illinois, A^ril 27 , iSqj.. 

*TT.S THE lightning writes its fiery path across the 
[\ storm-cloud and expires, so the race of man amid 
^^ the surrounding shades of mortality, glitters for a 
moment amid the dark gloom and vanishes from our 
sight forever. 

The spirit of William Dawson Crooke, an honored 
Companion of this Commandery, passed into the great 
unknown on Friday, the 2/th day of April, 1894. 

Major Crooke was born at Hebden Bridge, Yorkshire, 
England. His parents were members of the Baptist 
Church, and his father, the Rev. John Crooke, was the 
minister of the church at that place. He came to this 

183 



1 84 MEMORIALS. 

country in 1853, when about sixteen years of age, and 
settled near McGregor, Iowa, where for about two years 
he worked upon a farm. Later he studied law with Odell 
& Updegraff, at McGregor, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1862. 

Major Crooke entered the service as Captain of Com 
pany B, Twenty-first Regiment of Iowa Volunteer In 
fantry, August 1 8, 1862, and was promoted to be Major 
of the same regiment, January 25, 1865. His military 
record is that of a typical soldier. He served in the De 
partment of Missouri attached to the Brigade of Gen 
eral Fitz Henry Warren and was stationed at Rolla, 
Salem, Hartville and Houston, in October, November 
and December, 1862, and January, 1863^ He was en 
gaged in the battle of Hartville, January 11, 1863, with 
Marmaduke s rebel force, which was returning from an 
attack on Springfield. Afterwards he was attached to 
Brigadier General Davidson s Army of Southeastern Mis 
souri during an expedition to West Plains, returning with 
his regiment to St. Genevieve, Missouri; embarked for 
Milliken s Bend, Louisiana, joining General Grant s army 
before Vicksburg, April 6, 1863, and was assigned to the 
Second Brigade, Fourteenth Division, Thirteenth Army 
Corps, and served throughout the remainder of the 
Vicksburg Campaign, being engaged in the battles of 
Port Gibson, Champion Hills, Big Black River Bridge, 
and the assault upon Vicksburg, May 22d, and the re 
mainder of the siege, and afterwards took part in Sher 
man s expedition to Jackson, Mississippi. Major Crooke 
was in command of his regiment from June 15 to July 
24, 1863. In August the regiment was sent to New 
Orleans for service in the Department of the Gulf, 
when it took part in the Bayou Teche Campaign under 
General Banks. 



MEMORIALS. 185 

In November following, the regiment under command 
of Major Crooke was sent to Texas and served under 
the command of General C. C. Washburn. Upon the 
return of the regiment to New Orleans it was assigned to 
the Second Brigade, Second Division, Nineteenth Army 
Corps, and served in the lower Mississippi, White and Ar 
kansas River country. On December I, 1864, it marched 
from Memphis to Wolf River, in support of Grierson s 
cavalry raid upon the rear of Hood s army. Afterward 
the regiment returned to Memphis and New Orleans. He 
resigned in January, 1865, and was immediately appoint 
ed to the charge of a large cantonment of negroes near 
Baton Rouge, under the direction of the Freedman s Bu 
reau, where he remained for several months and until 
after his regiment was mustered out at Baton Rouge. 
He returned to McGregor in broken health, and after 
wards engaged in the business of insurance at that place, 
where he was elected Recorder of Deeds for Clayton 
County. He subsequently formed a partnership in the 
insurance business with his brother, George Crooke, an 
honored Companion of the Wisconsin Commandery. 

He came to Chicago in 18/6 and later was appointed 
Assistant Manager of the Northwestern Department of 
the Royal Insurance Company of Liverpool, England, 
in which position he remained until he was, in 1882, ap 
pointed Manager of the Northern Insurance Company of 
Liverpool, England, the duties of which he continued to 
discharge to the satisfaction of that prominent company 
until the day of his death. When his health began to 
fail he tendered his resignation to the company, which it 
declined to accept, and sent one of the executive officers 
to this country to assist in the discharge of the duties as 
Manager until Major Crooke should be restored to health, 
as was then earnestly hoped. 



1 86 MEMORIALS. 

Major Crooke was a singularly modest man, but with 
a firmness to do the right as he understood the right, 
regardless of personal consequence. One of his chief 
characteristics was a conscientious discharge of duty, 
whether as a soldier or civilian. Duty was with him 
always, "as exacting as necessity, inflexible as fate, and 
as imperative as destiny." 

Major Crooke was married at McGregor, Iowa, in 
1866, to Miss Sarah S. Updegraff, who, with a niece, 
Miss Lydia Timmons, as a member of his family, survives 
him. Nearly two years since he was stricken with an 
incurable disease. Fully realizing his situation, he calmly 
and yet minutely began to put his house in order, and 
with a courage that was truly heroic, awaited the final 
roll-call. When it came, he was ready. 

When such a man is removed from our councils, it is 
meet that while we mourn his loss, we should also testify 
to the world our love and our respect for him and our 
appreciation of his character and services. The day on 
which the last respects were paid to the memory of our 
late Companion, was an ideal one, as also was the sim 
ple yet dignified service over his remains. Kind friends, 
among whom were members of this Commandery, laid 
him away tenderly; the vault which contains his remains 
was covered with a profusion of beautiful flowers, placed 
there by gentle hands, guided by the sorrowing hearts 
of the employes of our late Companion, his business 
associates, and this Commandery, as their tribute of 
respect. 

Our harp is tuned to mourning; the life of our late 
Companion has been accomplished and is complete. 
While we his memory cherish, let us his virtues imitate 
and his death improve. With fragrance eternal, may 



MEMORIALS. 187 

the acacia as an emblem of resurrection and immor 
tality ever be green over his mortal bed. 

CHARLES E. BLIVKN, 
EUGENE GARY, 
AMOS j. HARDING, 

Committee. 




THOMAS COXEY FULLERTON, 

Captain Sixty- four tJi Illinois Infantry, L riitcd States ]~oluntce.rs 
Died at Fairburv Illinois, August 2, 



APTAIN Thomas C. Fullerton was born in Montgom 
ery County, Pennsylvania, August 21, 1839, and 
died at Fairbury, Illinois, August 2, 1894. He moved 
with his parents to La Salle County, Illinois, in October, 
1855. He enlisted as a private in Company A, Sixty- 
fourth Illinois Infantry, September 25, 1861, and October 
25th of that year was appointed Orderly Sergeant. On 
the 28th of June, 1863, he was promoted to the First 
Lieutenancy of his company, and Adjutant of his regi 
ment, and on April 2, 1864, was commissioned as Cap 
tain of Company C. About the same time he was ap 
pointed Acting Assistant Inspector General on the Staff 

188 



MEMORIALS. 189 

of General Sprague, commanding the Second Brigade, 
Fourth Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, and subsequently 
served in the same capacity on the Staff of Generals G. 
M. Dodge and T. E. G. Ransom, and continued in dis 
charge of that duty until October, 1864, when he resigned. 

He was with the army at New Madrid, Island No. 10, 
Fort Pillow, luka, Corinth, and the Atlanta Campaign 
from Resaca to Jonesboro. 

In March, prior to his enlistment, Captain Fullerton 
was married to Almeda I). Dyer, by whom he had a son, 
Mr. William I) Fullerton, now an honored member of 
the Chicago bar and of this Commandery. 

When Captain Fullerton returned from the army he 
studied law, and was admitted to the Illinois bar January 
1 6, 1866, and removed to and opened an office in Hunts- 
ville, Alabama, and the following fall was appointed 
Assistant United States District Attorney for the North 
ern District of that State. He was subsequently elected 
to and declined the office of States Attorney for Madison 
County. In June, 1868, he was appointed Register in 
Bankruptcy, and served until January, 1871, when he 
resigned and moved to the city of Washington, D. C. , 
for the practice of his profession. In November, 1881, 
he returned to Ottawa, Illinois, where he resided to the 
time of his death. 

His wife having died many years before, in July, 1886, 
he married Miss Vincey Tuthill Bushnell, daughter of the 
late Hon. Washington Bushnell, of Ottawa, whom he left 
surviving him, together with two sons and two daughters, 
issue of the second marriage. Upon his return to Ottawa 
he resumed the practice of his profession, and achieved 
marked success, especially as a safe and wise counsellor. 
He was appointed Master in Chancery in 1888, and 
served until his death. He was an active republican, a 



I9O MEMORIALS. 

member of his county and of the state central commit 
tee, and won high praise for his political ability and 
sagacity. He was a charter member of the Seth C. Earl 
Post, No. 1 56, Grand Army of the Republic, and took 
high rank at home as well as in the department of the 
Order in this state, and was a member of the State En 
campment. 

On the iQth day of July, 1894, he was nominated by 
the republican party of the Eleventh Congressional Dis 
trict of Illinois, as their standard bearer for Congress, 
and with the energy and purpose that characterized his 
life, he at once set about arranging his campaign. For 
this purpose he left his home the 3ist day of July, and 
on Thursday afternoon reached Fairbury, apparently in 
perfect health, and was shown to his room at the hotel. 
Within an hour, prominent republicans calling, went to 
his room and found him sitting in his chair dead. 

Thus ended a bright and useful life. In the midst of 
an exalted ambition and the brightest hopes, came the 
end, and verified that 

" Tis the wink of an eye, tis the draught of a breath, 
From the blossom of health to the paleness of death." 

How rich is the brief summary of such a life. And 
yet how impotent are words to fittingly portray the life 
of our brave, loyal, wise and unselfish Companion. In 
every walk of life, in every station, whether upon the 
battle field or in the camp, in the councils of his party, 
as a lawyer in his office, or in social or domestic life, he 
assumed and discharged every obligation resting upon 
him. Firm in his convictions of the right, arid with a 
conscientious desire to fulfill to the best of his ability 
every duty, he carefully studied the phases of social, 
political and domestic life, and squared his conduct by 
the full measure of the light he enjoyed. No man stood 



MEMORIALS. IQI 

higher in his profession for integrity no citizen com 
manded more sincere respect, and in social life he at 
tached friends as few can. 

We shall see his form no more; his wise counsel will 
no longer guide us. That kindly voice that spoke words 
of cheer and condolence to the downcast and bereaved, 
of encouragement and hope, will be heard no more. But 
to those who knew him there will remain a fragrant 
memory of a life controlled by kindly impulses, sustained 
by an unfaltering trust in the beneficence of God, and 
faith in the brotherhood of men, and by a conscious in 
tegrity of character that admitted of no lowering of an 
exalted standard a memory of one of the brightest and 
best types of American citizenship and manhood. 
DOUGLAS HAPEMAN, 
WILLIAM H. H. MCDOWELL, 
GEORGE S. ROPER, 

Committee. 




CLARENCE HOPKINS DYER. 

Major and Assistant Adjutant General, U)iited States J olun/ecrs 
Died at IVoodstock, I ermont , August 10, 



CLARENCE HOPKINS DYER was born at Harwin- 
V^_ ton, Connecticut, July 21, 1832, and died at Wood 
stock, Vermont, August 10, 1894. 

He was appointed Captain and Assistant Adjutant 
General, U. S. V. , September 25, 1861, promoted Major 
and Assistant Adjutant General, August 2, 1865, and hon 
orably mustered out February 10, 1866. His first service 
was with Major General Mansfield, in command at Camp 
Hamilton, Virginia, and Newport News, at the time of 
the fight between the Monitor and the Merrimac off that 
point, and afterwards in command of the Eleventh Corps 
at Antietam, where General Mansfield was killed. He 

192 



MEMORIALS. 1 93 

then reported to Major General Banks for temporary 
duty at Washington City, after which he served with 
Major General E. A. Carr, commanding the District of 
St. Louis, Missouri, and with the same General in the 
Fourteenth Division of the Thirteenth Corps at Vicks- 
burg and at Little Rock. After this he was with Major 
General Canby at New Orleans. His last service was 
with Major General Wesley Merritt, who commanded a 
cavalry corps which marched from Shreveport, Louisiana, 
to San Antonio, Texas. He was elected a Companion 
of the Order through this Commandery, July 2, 18/9, and 
served as Chancellor from June, icS85, to June, 1886. 

Major Dyer was the loved friend of every Companion 
of the Commandery. One of its earliest and most zealous 
members, he constantly had its best interests at heart, 
and was always ready to give his time and best effort for 
its benefit and advancement. He was devoted to us all. 
He was a man of irreproachable character, modest and 
unassuming, genial and warm-hearted, an upright and 
universally respected citizen. A brave soldier, his war 
record was of the best. We tender our warmest sympa 
thy to his family, and regret that words fail us to give 
expression to our feeling for this pure, honorable, true 
man, and the great loss we have sustained. 

TAYLOR P. RUNDLKT, 

JOSKPH J. SlDDALL, 

THOMAS C. EDWARDS, 

Co nun it tee. 




THOMAS WALLACE. 

Captain 7\uelfth Michigan Infantry, United States Volunteers. Died 
at Evanston, Illinois, September 2. 1894. 

edPANION Thomas Wallace was born at Finnwick, 
Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland, April 11, 1829. 
He attended school there until the age of fourteen years, 
when he was apprenticed to a millwright with whom he 
served faithfully his term. He was married in 1849 to 
Miss Agnes Muir, of Kilmarnock, and in 1851 came to this, 
his adopted country, where he endured the usual hard 
ships. On arriving at Chicago, he accepted the first 
work offered, and in time began as a millwright, con 
structing mills and elevators. In 1861 he was the owner 
of a flour mill at St. Joseph, Michigan, and being natur 
alized, felt it his duty to his adopted country to partici 
pate in the preservation of the Union. 

194 



MEMORIALS. 1 95 

Having entered the service on September 19, 1862, 
as Captain in the Twelfth Michigan Infantry, he was with 
his regiment in the Army of the Tennessee, and at the 
battle of Shiloh, April 6, 1862. On May 2, 1862, on ac 
count of physical disability contracted in the service, and 
always regretting his inability further to serve his adopt 
ed country, he very reluctantly resigned, and in time re 
sumed his business relations. 

In 1875 his wife died, and in 1879 he was married to 
Miss Annie B. Penrose, daughter of the late Major J. W. 
Penrose, Second United States Infantry, and sister of 
Lieutenant Colonel William H. Penrose, Sixteenth United 
States Infantry. 

For the last five years he resided at Evanston, Illinois, 
where he died September 2, 1894, after protracted suffer 
ing, the result of disease contracted in the service. He 
was buried at Rose Hill Cemetery, September 5, 1894, 
with Masonic honors, by Cleveland Lodge, No. 211, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and Chicago Com- 
mandery, No. 19, Knights Templar, of Chicago, of which 
bodies he was a worthy member. He was a good citi 
zen, a devoted husband, and a brave soldier. To his 
bereaved widow we extend the heartfelt sympathy of our 
Commandery and commend her to God for consolation 

in her affliction. 

WILLIAM J. HEMSTREET, 
JOHN MCLAREN, 
EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 

Committee. 




HENRY PAYSON AYRES. 

Lieutenant and Adjutant Scventy-sei enth Illinois Infantry, 
Cnitcd States rolnnteers, Died at White Bear Lake, 
Minnesota, September 6, 



T~\EATH has been very busy in our ranks since last we 
[J met. Among the many gathered by that untiring 
~""^^ Reaper it is our painful duty to announce First 
Lieutenant and Adjutant Henry Payson Ayres, who de 
parted this life Septemper 6, 1894, at White Bear Lake, 
Minnesota, while on his way home from a business trip 
in North Dakota. Bright, energetic, genial, full of life 
and spirits, a busy man in a busy world, he was cut down 
in the prime of his manhood. 

Henry Payson Ayres was born in Brooklyn, New 
York, September 26, 1841. He enlisted as private in 
Company A, Seventy-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 

196 



MEMORIALS. 197 

August 5, 1862. He was mustered as Corporal in same 
company, September 2, 1862; promoted Sergeant Major 
of said regiment, January 14, 1863, and First Lieutenant 
and Adjutant June 17, 1863. He was mustered out of 
service July 10, 1865. 

He served in the following campaigns and battles: 
Chickasaw Bluff, Mississippi; Arkansas Post, Arkansas; 
Port Gibson, Mississippi; Champion Hill, Mississippi; 
Black River Bridge, Mississippi; siege, capture and 
assault on Vicksburg, Mississippi; Jackson, Mississippi; 
Mansfield, Louisiana; Fort Gaines, Alabama; Fort Mor 
gan, Alabama, and Spanish Fort, Alabama. Returning 
from the war he settled first in Galesburg, Illinois, and 
then at Peoria, where he was engaged in the banking 
business up to the time of his death. 

A brave soldier and a gallant officer, Lieutenant Ayres 
adorned alike both military and civil life, and left a name 
singularly free from reproach of any kind. Respecting 
himself he \von the respect of others. He dared to do 
right in every circumstance of life, and such a thing as 
compromise was unknown in his character. 

Such a life as that of Lieutenant Ayres needs no 
eulogy. It speaks for itself and the "Noblest work of 
God, an honest man," sped back to its Creator when his 
spirit took its flight. 

MARTIN KING MAN, 
JOHN I). MCCLURE, 
ELIOT CALLENDKK, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM MERRITT LUFF. 

Captain 7\celfth Illinois Cavalry and Breret Major, United States 
1 r ohinteers. Died at Fort .Mead, South Dakota, October g, iSgj. 

tiflLLIAM MERRITT LUFF, late Captain and Brevet 
*"( Major, U. S. V., died at Fort Mead, South Dakota, 
October 9, 1894. He was born March 19, 1839, upon 
the battlefield of Sacketts Harbor. That historic field 
was his first play-ground. As he gathered relics along 
the line followed by the British regulars in retreat to their 
fleet, or watched the parades of the troops then stationed 
at Madison Barracks, who had lately formed a part of 
the Army of the Second Conquest of Mexico, or listened 
to the stories told by those soldiers, it is fair to suppose 
that he laid the foundation of that patriotism and mili 
tary spirit which prompted him at an early day to offer 

198 



MEMORIALS. 199 

his services to his country, and later made him conspic 
uous as a dashing trooper and a cool-headed, courageous 
officer. 

Major Luff came to Chicago in 1857, soon afterward 
commenced the study of the law with judge Corydon 
Beckwith, and was admitted to the bar in April, 1861. 
Upon the breaking out of the war, he was appointed 
Adjutant at Camp Butler, which had been established at 
Springfield for the organization and instruction of volun 
teers. He served in that capacity until mustered as 
Second Lieutenant of the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry, Feb 
ruary 28, 1862. He went to Virginia with his regiment, 
and at Martinsburg, on September 7, 1862, gallantly led 
the leading platoon of his regiment in a charge in column 
upon the Winchester turnpike against the Blackhorse 
Cavalry. A paper read before this Commandery, Janu 
ary 12, 1888, by his old commander, Major General 
Julius White, stated: "A rapid march was begun, which, 
as the column neared the advanced picket post of the 
enemy, was increased to a gallop. Striking this post of 
the enemy, one of them was engaged and twice wounded 
with the sabre by Lieutenant Luff." As a charge of the 
Twelfth Illinois Cavalry in line that same day has been 
characterized as " The first sabre charge of the war," it is 
fair to suppose that Lieutenant Luff was one of the first 
to use the sabre effectively in the war for the suppression 
of the Rebellion. 

Major Luff was mustered as a First Lieutenant to 
date from November i, 1862, and as Captain to date 
from February 25, 1864; was mustered out with his reg 
iment February 27, 1865; was brevetted Major "for 
special gallantry at Martinsburg, Virginia, September 7, 
1862, and at Yellow Bayou, Louisiana, May 6, 1864, and 
for gallant and meritorious services during the war." 



2OO MEMORIALS. 

On his return to Chicago he again entered the office 
of Judge Beckwith, and in the summer of 1866 formed a 
law partnership with O. K. A. Hutchinson, which was 
dissolved by the death of Mr. Hutchinson in June of this 
year. At that time the firm of Hutchinson & Luff was 
known as the oldest law firm in Chicago. In January, 1 884, 
he was elected a Companion of this Order and became Our 
Major. To the last he felt a deep interest in the Loyal 
Legion, and although not a resident of the city, rarely 
failed to attend its meetings. When last in this room, 
he was looking so poorly that many were impressed with 
the thought that his presence with us cost him a great 
effort. It was his last visit to any assembly except his 
church, of which he was a constant attendant and a 
consistent member, and from the congregation of Grace 
Church at Oak Park he will be missed as from this Com- 
mandery. 

He was married in 1878 to Louisa Merritt Hooker, 
eldest daughter of the late James Louis Hooker, one of 
the early settlers of Chicago, who had returned East. 
She was born in the Major s native town, and together 
they walked in childhood and youth, and kept step in 
middle age. She was a woman of unusual mental attain 
ments, warm hearted and loyal, qualities that made her 
more than wife to him, and when in December, 1893, 
she was suddenly called by the Great Commander, whom 
they both loved so well and served together so long, his 
heart went with her. Only a few months later, when he 
who had been his business associate for twenty-eight 
prosperous years, left their office never to return, and 
his business ties, as well as his home ties, were severed, 
his friends discovered that our Major was fading away. 
They urged him to leave the surroundings that reminded 
him of his loss, hoping that the change would take his 



MEMORIALS. 2OI 

thoughts, in a measure, from memories that seemed to 
be crushing him with their " weight of woe." 

We can understand how, under these circumstances, 
his thoughts turned back to the military life of his early 
manhood, and he longed to be once more amidst the 
spirited scenes of the cavalry camp, so with waning 
strength, he went to visit his brother, Captain Edmund 
Luff, Eighth United States Cavalry, stationed at Fort 
Mead. Soon after his arrival there, he heard taps sound 
ing for the last time, and rested in his last bivouac. We 
can believe that the final summons reached him mingled 
with a bugle call amid surroundings such as he would 
have chosen. 

In his life, in his death, our Major illustrated the 
truth of the lines of the Wandering Poet of America. 

" Sleep, soldier still in honored rest, 

Your truth and valor wearing, 
The bravest are the tenderest 
The loving are the daring." 

JOSEPH H. WOOD, 
ELIJAH S. WATTS, 
JOHN W. PALMER, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM EDWIN CLARKE, JR. 

Died at Chicago, Illinois, October 6, iSg-j.. 

COMPANION William Edwin Clarke, Jr., the only son 
X^ of Companion William Edwin Clarke, Major and 
Surgeon of the Nineteenth Michigan Infantry, U. S. V., 
was born in Chicago, May 7, 1867, and died October 6, 
1894. He received his early education in the public 
schools and prepared himself in the West Division High 
School for Amherst College, from which he graduated in 
1889. He then returned to Chicago and began the study 
of law, graduating in 1891 from the Northwestern Uni 
versity Law School. The year following, he became a 
member of the law firm of Pedrick, Dawson & Clarke. 
He was a prominent member of the Ashland and Lincoln 



MEMORIALS. 2O3 

Clubs, a member also of the Sunset Club, and a trustee 
of the First Congregational Church. While at college 
he was a member of the Delta Upsilon college fraternity, 
and during his law course joined the legal fraternity of 
Phi Delta Phi. Mr. Clarke became a Companion of the 
Loyal Legion in March, 1893, at once taking an active 
part among the younger members, among whom he made 
many warm friends. He came of patriotic stock, his 
great-grandfather, Joseph Baker, having been a surgeon 
on General Putnam s staff in the Revolution. 

Companion Clarke was a close student and a clear 
thinker, and, although a young man, he had already 
entered upon a successful career. We deplore his un 
timely death and express our most sincere sympathy with 
his father, Companion Clarke, and his family in their 
bereavement. 

BERXIS W. SHERMAN, 
CARLISLE MASON, 
JOHN T. STOCKTON, 

Committee. 




JOSEPH PHELPS CARD. 

First Lieutenant One Hundred and Third OJiio Infantrv, L nited 

States Volunteers. Died at fcnflezi. ood, Illinois. 

October 22, 1894. 

3INCE our last meeting, among the honored names 
transferred from the active list of this Command- 
ery to rolls "In Memoriarn " is that of Lieutenant 
Joseph P. Card, who died on the afternoon of October 
22, 1894, at his home in Englewood, surrounded by his 
family and friends. 

Lieutenant Card was born at Painesville, Ohio, Sep 
tember 2, 1837, and at the breaking out of the war was 
a resident of the city of Cleveland, where he enlisted as 
a private soldier in the One Hundred and Third Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, August 15, 1862, and with his regi- 

204 



MEMORIALS. 205 

ment at once took the field. He was promoted to Ser 
geant Major, and again to Second Lieutenant within the 
year, and later to First Lieutenant, serving as ordnance 
officer on staff duty under Generals Carter and Sanders 
and Colonels Woolford and Shackleford during the cam 
paigns of the Army of the Ohio. 

Lieutenant Card went to St. Louis at the close of the 
war, where he engaged in business, married, and made 
that city his home until a dozen years ago, when he came 
to Chicago in the interest of the Chicago Tie Preserving 
Company, of which corporation he was president at the 
time of his death. 

Of a disposition naturally buoyant and happy, he was 
a dear comrade, a most loving and devoted husband and 
father, and a true friend. As he was a conscientious 
and dutiful soldier, he has ever been an honorable and 
reliable man in every relation of life. 

We desire to tender to the sorrowing ones in his 
stricken home our profound sympathy. 

HENRY S. PICKANDS, 
JAMES M. BALL, 
ALEXANDER MARSHALL, 

Committee. 




BENJAMIN BROWN HAMILTON. 

Chaplain Sixty-first Illinois Infantry, United States I olunteer 
Died at Upper Alton, Illinois, Xo i ember //, 



O ENJAMIN BROWN HAMILTON was born at New 
*J j Design, Monroe County, Illinois, February 4, 1822, 
and died at Upper Alton, Illinois, November 11, 
1894. His early life was uneventful; he taught school in 
Jersey and Monroe Counties from 1839 to 1848, working 
on the home farm during the summers of each year. He 
was licensed as a Baptist preacher in 1839, and served as 
pastor of a number of churches in Greene, Scott and Jer 
sey Counties. He was married in 1844 to Miss Mary Ann 
Chandler, who, with five surviving children, mourns his 
loss. The oldest son is Dr. John B. Hamilton, of Chi 
cago, formerly Surgeon General of the United States Ma 
rine Hospital service, from 18/9 to 1891. 

206 



MEMORIALS. 

When the Civil War came upon us the patriotic spirit 
of our late Companion, inspired both by love of his coun 
try and love of his fellow men, impelled him to offer his 
services in defense of his country s flag, and although 
classed among those who "fought without guns, "yet his 
labor should not therefore be undervalued. 

He entered the service as Chaplain of the Sixty-first 
Illinois Infantry, U. S. V., at Bolivar, Tennessee, Octo 
ber 30, 1862, and served with his regiment in various 
engagements at Chickasaw Bayou, at Haines Bluff, at 
Helena, at Little Rock, Arkansas, and other important 
places, until March 3, 1865, when his resignation was 
accepted. 

A full record of his many acts of kindness to his 
wounded and suffering comrades in arms, cannot be at 
tempted in this brief tribute to his memory, but we be 
lieve that the reward promised to him who gives only a 
cup of cold water in the name of his Master, will be his. 

He was a man of more than ordinary intellectual 
ability, of strong character, and his voice was ever raised 
in behalf of truth and right. 

He will be greatly missed in the large circle of his 
friends and acquaintances, and his life is an example well 
worthy of emulation. 

JAMES W. HUTCHINSON, 
JOHN C. NEELY, 
PETER G. GARDNER, 

Committee. 




ABRAHAM FRANK RISSER. 

Captain One Hundred and Sixth Illinois Infantry, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, November 23, 



3INCE our last meeting another of our Comrades 
and Companions has fallen, Abraham Frank 
Risser. He died of heart rupture on the evening 
of Friday, November 23, 1894. 

Though not born in the United States, he was brought 
here by his parents in early infancy, and had no recol 
lection of any other land or country. It was to him the 
land of his birth. He knew no other and loved no other. 
It commanded his undivided affection and loyalty. 

He enlisted in the One Hundred and Sixth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered into military 
service of the United States on the i/th of September, 

208 



MEMORIALS. 2OQ 

1862, as First Lieutenant of Company B; was promoted 
to the Captaincy of that company on the i ith of March, 
1864, and was mustered out with his regiment as Captain 
on the 1 2th of July, 1865. His first service was during 
the fall and winter of 1862 in the neighborhood of Jack 
son, Bolivar and Brownsville, Tennessee. His regi 
ment was in General Lawlor s brigade, and Captain 
Risser served on his staff during the winter of 1862 and 

1863. In May, 1863, the regiment was assigned to the 
First Brigade, Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, 
and sent from Memphis to reinforce the Army of the 
Tennessee before Vicksburg. It reached the mouth of 
the Yazoo River June 3, 1863, and moved on to Me- 
chanicsburg, Mississippi, thence returned to Haines Bluff 
and held Haines and Snyder s Bluffs during the siege of 
Vicksburg. After the surrender of that place, his regi 
ment was sent to Helena, and from there to Little Rock, 
Arkansas, and was under the command of General Steele; 
and Captain Risser served in that department as Judge 
Advocate until the close of the war. 

At the time of the breaking out of the war he resided 
in Mt. Pulaski, Illinois, and upon being mustered out 
with his regiment at its close, returned to that place 
where he remained until about 1870, when he removed 
to Bloomington, at which place he resided until 1876, 
when he removed to Chicago, and here he resided till 
his death. 

In all the relations of life no man had higher stand 
ards or lived more closely to them. In his domestic life 
no man was more fortunate, and no family more happy, 
nor is there one where affection and devotion were more 
reciprocal. 

As a citizen he was patriotic, large-minded and public- 
spirited; in business, far-sighted and comprehensive in 



210 MEMORIALS. 

all his views, just and honorable in all relations and 
transactions. The large business which he was conduct 
ing at the time of his death- the largest of the kind in 
the United States, if not in the world was founded, 
built up and established by him and made what it is by 
his intelligence, ability and energy. All this was accom 
plished after the war, and in less than thirty years. He 
began with no inherited or given wealth or means, but 
with only the capital which nature gave him. And it is 
a significant tribute to his ability, justice, fairness and 
honor, that during all his business life, the latter years 
of which he had in his employment over five hundred 
men, there was never a strike among his employes, nor 
the least friction or want of harmony between him and 
them. 

As a soldier his country had none braver, and none 
with a brighter record than his. As a Companion and 
comrade, 

" None knew him but to love him, 
None named him but to praise." 

It is said of Napoleon s soldiers that upon the roll call 
the survivors answered for those who had fallen, when 
their names were called, "Dead on the field of honor." 
At our roll call to-night such must be our sad answer for 
our Comrade and Companion. Though he did not fall 
in the shock of battle, he lies dead on the field of honor. 
He had given his service and offered his life, to save that 
of his country when imperilled, and when peace was re 
stored, he as unreservedly and faithfully discharged every 
duty devolving upon him as a citizen and in every station 
of life. He avoided no responsibility, and left no duty 
undone. He died as he lived, on the field of honor. 

His country has lost in his death a brave soldier and 
an influential and useful citizen; his family an affection- 



MEMORIALS. 21 I 

ate and devoted husband and father, and this Command- 
ery an esteemed and honored member. As we mourn 
our own loss we tender to his family our heartfelt 
sympathy. 

MYRON H. BKACH, 
ORVILLE W. BALLARD, 
JAMES R. WILLETT, 

Committee. 




PHILIP SIDNEY POST. 

Colonel Fifty-ninth Illinois Infantry and Brevet Brigadier General, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Washington, District of 

Columbia, January 6, iSg^. 

/^ENERAL Philip Sidney Post was born in Florida, 
yj Orange County, New York, on March 19, 1833. 
On his father s side he was of Dutch extraction; on 
his mother s of English, being sixth in descent from 
Robert Coe, who came to America in 1634. He came 
of a brave and patriotic stock. His father, General Peter 
Schuyler Post, served in the War in 1812; and both his 
grandfather and great-grandfather fought in the Revolu 
tionary War. 

Philip Sidney Post graduated at Union College, 
Schenectady, New York, in 1855; studied law and was 
admitted to the bar in 1856. He began the practice of 



MKMOKIALS. 213 

law in Kansas, where he also established and edited a 
newspaper, and soon took a prominent part in affairs. 

At the breaking out of the Civil War, Philip Sidney 
Post promptly volunteered and was made Second Lieu 
tenant in the Fifty-ninth Illinois Infantry. His promotion 
was rapid, and after the first Missouri campaign he was 
appointed Major and took command of the regiment. At 
the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas, March /, 1862, while 
leading his men, he received a terrible gunshot wound, 
which splintered the bones of the arm and penetrated 
through the body nine inches. While in the hospital at 
St. Louis he was commissioned Colonel for gallantry at 
Pea Ridge, and started for the field before he was able to 
mount his horse without assistance. Hurrying forward 
to Corinth, he was given command of a brigade. From 
May, 1862, to the close of the war he was constantly at 
the front. In the Army of the Cumberland he com 
manded the First Brigade, First Division, Twentieth 
Army Corps and under Ceneral Rosecrans began the 
battle of Stone s River. 

After this battle, being a thorough tactician, he was 
appointed on a commission to examine the qualifications 
of officers of the Army of the Cumberland. He was a 
careful student of military history and his brigade drills 
at Nashville in 1862 attracted much attention. 

During the Atlanta campaign he was transferred to 
the Second Brigade, Third Division, Fourth Army Corps, 
and took command of the division when General Wood 
was wounded at Lovejoy Station. He returned with it 
from Atlanta to Tennessee, and assisted in holding in 
check a large Confederate force until General Thomas 
collected the scattered Union forces, and dealt a decisive 
blow to the Confederacy at Nashville. 

At the opening of the battle of Nashville, on the fif- 



214 MEMORIALS. 

teenth day of December, 1864, Colonel Post attacked 
Montgomery Hill, the most advanced fortification of the 
enemy, and carried it at the point of the bayonet, thus, 
to quote the language of General Thomas, "taking the 
initiative and inciting the whole army to the brilliant 
deeds of the day." In the afternoon he led the attack 
on the second line of entrenchments with equal success. 
The next day he led the assault on Overton s Hill, the 
last stronghold of the enemy, the capture of which re 
sulted in the complete discomfiture of the entire Con 
federate Army. Colonel Post was shot down at the head 
of his column almost upon the breastworks of the enemy, 
and was supposed to be fatally wounded. He was pro 
moted on the same day Brigadier General by brevet, and 
afterwards received for gallantry at Nashville a medal of 
honor from Congress. For four months he could not 
leave his bed, yet in July, 1865, he again reported for 
duty. He was appointed to the command of the Western 
District of Texas, with headquarters at San Antonio, 
sixteen regiments being stationed at that point. 

General Post remained here until 1866, when the 
withdrawal of the French from Mexico removed all 
danger of military complications on that frontier. He 
was earnestly recommended by his commanding officers 
for the appointment of Colonel in the Regular Army, and 
unknown to him, these recommendations were filed in 
the War Department. However, peace having been re 
established, he did not desire to remain longer in the 
military service. 

In 1 866 General Post was appointed Consul to Vienna, 
Austria. In 18/4 he was promoted to the position of 
Consul-General for Austria-Hungary, and resigned in 
1879. Shortly before going abroad he married on May 
24, 1866, Miss Cornelia A. Post, only daughter of Honor- 



MEMORIALS. 2 I 5 

able \Y. T. Post of Elmira, New York, and their children 
Harriette Helene, Philip Sidney, Jr., and William Schuy- 
ler were born in Vienna. General Post s reports upon 
beet sugar, Austrian patent laws, and European railways 
have frequently been quoted by statistical writers. On 
his return to the United States he came to Galesburg, 
Illinois, where he has since resided. 

From 1882 to 1886 General Post was member-at- 
large of the Illinois Republican State Central Committee, 
and in 1886 was chosen Commander of the Department 
of Illinois, Grand Army of the Republic. In the fall of 
the same year, he was elected to Congress from the 
Tenth District of Illinois and served eight years. He 
was an untiring, energetic, efficient representative of the 
people, and secured for his district a long list of benefits. 
He had already been re-elected by an overwhelming 
majority to succeed himself in the Fifty-fourth Congress, 
when he died suddenly of heart failure on January 6, 
1895, at Washington, District of Columbia. 

The extent of General Post s popularity was shown 
at Galesburg on the day of the funeral, when a public 
demonstration, such as had never before been seen in 
Central Illinois, did honor to his memory. 

General Post s career has been brilliant as a patriot, 
a diplomat, a statesman. In the words of one of his 
fellow citizens, "He was a soldier among soldiers, a 
citizen among citizens, a man among men. He was a 
man of high motives, sound judgment, and sterling in 
tegrity. Only in his death have many of us realized the 
greatness of our loss, the faithfulness of his service, the 
smallness of his reward." 

Many tributes of a similar character have been paid 
to General Post, and we quote from the editorial of a 
newspaper opposed to him on all public issues: 



2l6 MEMORIALS. 

"As a man we knew him thoroughly, and now that 
he is dead we confess we never knew a man possessed of 
a higher and keener sense of honor. He was a man of 
noble instincts and purest actions a man who always 
dared to do right." 

ARTHUR A. SMITH, 
LEMUEL L. SCOTT, 
ASA A. MATTESON, 

Committee. 




ISRAEL NEWTON STILES. 

Colonel Sixty-third Indiana Infantry and Rrevet Brigadier (.Jeneral, 
United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
[anuarv 77, 



ISRAEL NEWTON STILES was bom July [6, 1833, 

| in the town of Suffield, Connecticut, where he passed 
the earlier part of his life. From an ancestry of New 
England farmers he had inherited the personal qualities 
of courage and a conscientious sense of duty in all the 
relations of life. He was a young man when he removed 
to Indiana, and before reaching his twenty-first year had 
begun the work of preparation for his chosen vocation, 
the law. As he had been a student in Connecticut, he re 
mained, and with increasing diligence, a student in In 
diana. In due time he was admitted to the bar in that 
state under the guidance of wise and friendly preceptors. 

217 



2l8 MEMORIALS. 

His active mind and earnest belief in the right side of 
questions, as he understood the right, were made evident 
at an early day to the people of LaFayette, where he had 
taken up his abode. He was frank and outspoken upon 
every occasion of public moment as it arose. It was en 
tirely natural therefore at the outbreak of the war for the 
Union that the young lawyer and legislator should take 
a deep concern in the issues of the approaching conflict. 

Laying aside ail his plans for civic advancement, he 
threw himself into the movement for national defense 
with his whole heart and with the most unselfish devo 
tion. He enlisted in the Twentieth Indiana Infantry at 
LaFayette, and was commissioned as First Lieutenant 
and Adjutant of his regiment, July 22, 1861. He was 
promoted Major Sixty-third Indiana Infantry August 28, 
1862; Lieutenant Colonel June 18, 1863, and Colonel 
January 22, 1864. He was brevetted Brigadier General 
January 31, 1865, and mustered out and honorably dis 
charged June 23, 1865, by reason of the close of the war. 
He served in 1862 in Virginia, and afterwards in the 
West at Knoxville; in the Atlanta Campaign, and under 
General George H. Thomas at Franklin and Nashville. 
In much of this service General Stiles was identified with 
the Twenty-third Army Corps in which he commanded 
a brigade as early as August 9, 1864. At Franklin, 
November 30, 1864, he was in command of the Third 
Brigade of the Third Division of his Corps, and was as 
signed to the left of the Union position, where the 
brigade resisted the attack of the enemy with persistent 
valor and entire success. He was again in action at the 
battle of Nashville, where his brigade, although not as 
actively engaged as at Franklin, nevertheless performed 
well the part required of it. In February, 1865, the 
Twenty-third Corps having been ordered from Fastport, 



MEMORIALS. 

Tennessee, to Alexandria, Virginia, and thence to Fort 
Fisher, General Stiles was assigned to the command of 
the First Brigade of the First (Brigadier General Thomas 
H. Ruger s) Division of that Corps. In the reports of 
his superiors in these various campaigns he was frequently 
commended for brave and meritorious conduct in the 
performance of his military duty. 

Upon the official record and the testimony of his fel 
low soldiers who served at his side, his name and fame 
as a brave and intelligent officer are established beyond 
all question. 

It was for this reason, as well as for his high char 
acter as a citizen and his engaging personal qualities, 
that the Cornmandery gave a hearty welcome to General 
Stiles when he applied for admission. He was elected 
a member, November 5, 1879; to the Council, August 
30, 1880; Junior Vice-Commander, May 6, 1885; Senior 
Vice-Commander, May 5, 1886; Commander, May 12, 
1887. 

The useful and honorable position occupied by 
General Stiles as a member of the bar of our city from 
the time he came to Chicago, not long after the close of 
the war, until his health entirely failed, is known to us all. 
His professional associations were formed with men 
able and trustworthy like himself, and his professional 
conduct and methods were fair, direct and based upon 
high principle. It can be said that he was constant to 
the vocation of his earl) 7 manhood, for the only civil office 
held by him while among us, that of attorney for our 
city, was one which called for counsel and the advocacy 
of a client s rights. 

Up to the time of his last illness, a lingering and dis 
tressing one, General Stiles had been one of the most 
useful and conspicuous of our members. Not that only; 



22O MEMORIALS. 

he was among those to whom we were always especially 
glad to give our affection and respect. We all remem 
ber the years in which we enjoyed his presence as a Com 
panion and officer of this body. No one of its members 
was readier to do his part, as well in the serious busi 
ness of the meeting as in the hour of companionship that 
followed it. Time went on; his health became seriously 
impaired, and his eyesight rapidly failed him. Yet not 
even the darkening shadows that gathered round him, 
and at last excluded the lifelong rays of the sun, could 
extinguish the light of friendship and duty that burned 
perpetually within. Against the odds of a well nigh dis 
abling infirmity he struggled with an inflexible courage 
to maintain his place in the ranks of busy men. Many 
a time have we seen him during that period of affliction 
slowly moving to his seat as a member of this Corn- 
mandery, because he still desired to meet us, though he 
could no longer see our faces. It was his wish and 
seemed to be his consolation to clasp the hands and re 
spond to the voices of his friends. 

General Stiles died at his residence in this city on 
Thursday, January 17, 1895. Many members of this 
Commandery were present at the simple funeral service 
held at his house on the following Saturday. As we re 
call the life story of this brave soldier, this public-spirited 
citizen, this dutiful and distinguished man, we feel more 
and more the greatness of the loss to his family, to our 
selves, and to the state, resulting from his death. 

In concluding this memorial we desire to offer to the 
family and to the many friends of our departed Com 
panion our condolence and sympathy. 

ARTHUR C. DUCAT, 
GEORGE L. PADDOCK, 
RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 

Committee. 




JAMES PORTER MARTIN. 

Lieutenant Colonel and Assistant Adjutant General, United States 
Army. Died at Chicago, Illinois, February ig, iSgjj. 

I HE committee appointed to prepare a tribute of re- 
^ spect to the memory of our late Companion, Lieu 
tenant Colonel James Porter Martin, Assistant Adjutant 
General United States Army, respectfully submit the fol 
lowing: 

Lieutenant Colonel Martin was born in Louisville, 
Kentucky, September 27, 1836, and entered the Military 
Academy July I, 1855, from which he was graduated 
and appointed Brevet Second Lieutenant, Sixth Infantry, 
July i, 1860. He was appointed Second Lieutenant, 
Seventh Infantry, December 20, 1860, First Lieuten 
ant, May 14, 1 86 1, and Captain, January 2, 1863. He 



MEMORIALS. 

was appointed Major and Assistant Adjutant General, 
April 10, 1869, and Lieutenant Colonel, February 28, 

,88;. 

During the War of the Rebellion he served with the 
Army of the Potomac. He took part in the Virginia 
Peninsular Campaign from March to August, 1862, being 
engaged in the siege of Yorktown, battle of Williams- 
burg, battle of Games Mill and the battle of Malvern 
Hill. He was in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the 
Potomac), 1862, and performed duty as Acting Aid-de- 
Camp to Major General McClellan, commanding the 
Army of the Potomac at the battle of South Mountain, 
September 14, 1862, and at the battle of Antietam, Sep 
tember 17, 1862. He acted as Aid-de-Camp to Major 
General Heintzelman, commanding the Department of 
Washington from November, 1862, to February, 1863. 
He was in command of his company in the Pennsylvania 
Campaign in 1863, being engaged in the battle of Gettys 
burg, July 2, 1863, and in the pursuit of the enemy to 
W r arrenton, Virginia. He served as Acting Assistant 
Adjutant General of the Second Division, Fifth Corps 
(Army of the Potomac), from August, 1863, to Febru 
ary, 1864, being engaged in the combat of Rappahan- 
nock Station, November 7, 1863, and the Mine Run 
operations November 26 to December 3, 1863. 

He was brevetted Major, July 2, 1863, for gallant 
and meritorious services at the battle of Gettysburg, and 
Lieutenant Colonel July 22, 1865, for faithful and mer 
itorious services during the war. After the close of the 
War of the Rebellion he served on the Staff of Major 
General Meade and assisted in the difficult and delicate 
duties of the period of reconstruction. 

This brief record covers an active life of thirty-five 
years as an officer during a period when the Nation s life 



MEMORIALS. 



22 3 



was maintained only through the most arduous and pa 
triotic services of her sons. 

Colonel Martin s fidelity to duty and meritorious 
service are attested bv the brevets and the especial pre 
ferment that he received; his selection for staff duty by 
several officers, including two of the most distinguished 
commanders of the Army of the Potomac, are standing 
proof of the high estimation in which he was held by 
his military superiors who were cognizant of his services. 

Your committee, as comrades of Colonel Martin in 
his later life, bear testimony to the cheerfulness and gen 
erosity of his disposition and to his uniform courtesy in 
all relations official and personal. Smitten by a disease 
whose fatal ending he anticipated even before the most 
careful and skillful examination detected occasion for 
such an ending, he faced death with soldierly constancy, 
and he died at his post of duty in this city, Tuesday, 
February 19, 1895, of malignant endocarditis. This 
disease, we are told by his physicians, is of rare occur 
rence, and in his case without ascertainable cause of 
origin. Had it not been for the stealthy approach of 
death through such unfrequented portals, our Companion 
had promise of many more years of life. 

Your committee, voicing the feeling of all of Colonel 
Martin s associates, desire to enter on the records of the 
Loyal Legion, that brotherhood that holds the dead 
soldier s services in special honor, the expression of sin- 
cerest sympathy with the bereaved family of our late 
Companion. 

JUDSON D. BlNGHAM, 

GEORGE W. BAIRD, 
STEPHEN W. GROESBECK, 

Committee. 




DAVID RAMSAY CLENDENIN. 

Colonel (Retired), United States Army, Brei ct Brigadier General, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Oneida, 

Illinois, 3 1 arch j, 1895. 

I HAT merciless and unsparing arbiter of the final 

i, destiny of mankind has again invaded our ranks and 

removed to the mystic shore a Companion whose heroic 

deeds and blameless life rightfully entitled him to an 

exalted niche in the temple of fame. 

David Ramsay Clendenin was born in Little Britain, 
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, June 24, 1830, and at 
Oneida, Knox County, Illinois, March 5, 1895, he passed 
to his eternal home. He came to Lyndon, Whiteside 
County, this State, at the age of twenty years, and com 
pleted his education at Knox College, in Galesburg. 
When the Civil War commenced he was in Washington, 

224 



MEMORIALS. 225 

D. C., a member of the "Clay Guards," a local volunteer 
organization formed to protect the Government buildings, 
and which patrolled the city at night and aided in pre 
venting it from falling into the hands of the rebels. 

Receiving authority to recruit a company for General 
Farnsworth s regiment, afterwards known as the Eighth 
Illinois Cavalry, he came to Morrison, Illinois, and 
assisted in recruiting Company C, and upon the organ 
ization of the regiment at St. Charles was elected Senior 
Major, September 18, 1861. Colonel Clendenin served 
gallantly through the war with this organization, one of 
the most renowned in the Eastern army, which followed 
the fortunes of the Army of the Potomac for four long 
years. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel Decem 
ber 5, 1862, was brevetted Colonel February 20, 1865, 
and Brigadier General of Volunteers July 11, 1865, for 
" meritorious services." No duty was too arduous and 
no service too perilous for him to undertake, among the 
most conspicuous being his regiment s part in the gallant 
and desperate defense of Washington against the raid 
made for its capture by General Jubal Early in 1864, 
when in a hand-to-hand fight with the famous Seven 
teenth Virginia he plucked its battle-flag from the color 
bearer with his own hand. In his report of this memo 
rable contest General Lew Wallace says of Colonel 
Clendenin: "As brave a cavalry soldier as ever mounted 
a horse. " General Clendenin was a member of the 
Military Commission which tried and convicted the 
assassins of President Lincoln, in 1865. He was mus 
tered out of the volunteer service July 17, 1865, and re 
turned to Morrison, Illinois, where he engaged for a year 
in mercantile pursuits, but business life not proving con 
genial to his tastes he sought a position in the Regular 
Army, which he easily secured. 



226 MEMORIALS. 

He was appointed Major of the Eighth Cavalry, 
United States Army, January 22, 1867, was promoted 
to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel of the Third Cavalry 
November i, 1882, became Colonel of the Second Cav 
alry October 29, 1888, and was retired April 20, 1891. 

During his term of service in the Regular Army he 
was stationed in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, at Fort 
\Yalla \Yalla, \Yashington, and was also on detached 
service in San Francisco at different periods. The 
frontier service was at times subject to extreme hard 
ships and deprivations which were met by General Clen- 
denin with that stoic demeanor which had gained for 
him an enviable reputation in the Army of the Potomac. 
Under its strenuous duties his once strong and robust 
frame gave way, and after his retirement he spent four 
years a very patient invalid at his home in Oneida, Illi 
nois, receiving the untiring care and devotion of a loving 
and faithful wife in the long illness that preceded his 
demise. His wife and two sons, Claude F. Clendenin 
of New York City, and Dr. Paul Clendenin of the Med 
ical Corps of the United States Army, are the survivors 
of his family. Major Frank Clendenin of Joliet, and 
General William Clendenin of Moline, are his nephews. 

A patriot, whose entire manhood, with a very brief ex 
ception, was given to the service of his country in its mili 
tary branch, who followed the revered emblem of our Na 
tion s supremacy through the ever-recurring dangers and 
vicissitudes of angry and hotly contested engagements, 
a man whose bravery evoked the unstinted praise and 
admiration of his comrades, a commander well versed 
in tact and strategy, he goes to his final reward with all 
of life s battles well fought and the victory fully won. 
Born and reared within the shadow of the immortal bell 
that proclaimed liberty to all mankind, and educated in 



MEMORIALS. 22/ 

surroundings of intense loyalty to ilag and country, his 
later life accorded with his earlier, and his gallant record 
is one in which this Commandery may take a just pride. 
His ear is deaf to the bule s shrill call "to arms;" his 






once good and strong right arm will no more raise the 
trusty blade in defense of truth, honor, justice and 
human equality; his body lies inoldering with its com 
mon clay, but his spirit freed from mortal thralldom 
goes marching on in the enjoyment of a well-earned and 
blissful eternity. He has joined that noble band of 
whom it is said: 

"On Fame s eternal camping ground 

Their snowy tents are spread, 
And glory guards with solemn round 

The bivouac of the dead." 

CHAKLKS BENT, 
WILBUR G. BENTLEY, 
CHRISTIAN E. LANSTRUM, 

Committee. 




JOHN JOSEPH RAVENSCROFT PATRICK. 

Captain One Hundred and Thirtieth Illinois Infantry, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Belleville, Illinois, April 10, 1895. 

I HE committee appointed to prepare a tribute of re- 
^ spect to the memory of our late Companion, Cap 
tain John Joseph Ravenscroft Patrick, who died at Belle 
ville, Illinois, April 10, 1895, respectfully submit the fol 
lowing: 

Captain Patrick was born at Liverpool, England, 
February 6, 1825, and came to this country with his 
parents when fourteen years of age, settling first at New 
Orleans, moving from there to Louisville, Kentucky; 
thence to Keokuk, Iowa, where his father died in the 
year 1847. 

Soon after this, young Patrick decided to follow in 

228 



MKMORIALS. 229 

the footsteps of his father and went to St. Louis to com 
mence the study of medicine, taking a course of lectures 
in the McDowell Medical College of that city. Having, 
however, in earlier years, served some time as apprentice 
to the goldsmith s trade, and believing that his mechani 
cal ability would be of great service to him in the pro 
fession of dentistry, he turned his attention in this direc 
tion and graduated from the Missouri Dental College at 
St. Louis, Missouri. His professional career and suc 
cess proved the wisdom of his final choice. 

He was twice married; the first time at Lebanon, 
Missouri, in 1853, to Miss Jane Johnston, whose death 
occurred about five years ago; his second wife, who sur 
vives him, having been Miss Anna Rischar, his former 
secretary. He settled in Belleville, Illinois, and lived 
there until the time of his death. Dr. Patrick was a close 
student and a lover of science. 

Since the war he spent much time in archaeological 
researches and built for himself a world-wide reputation. 
At the time of his death he was engaged in preparing a 
work upon "Prehistoric Skulls," and was the author of 
many monographs and pamphlets well known to the sci 
entific world. He had been a teacher in the Missouri 
Dental College and also in the Dental Department of the 
State University of Iowa. 

Although born in a foreign country, when his adopted 
country became involved in a war threatening its exist 
ence, he entered the service with Company G, One Hun 
dred and Thirtieth Regiment, Illinois Infantry, and there 
served from its muster until January, 1864. January 23, 
1863, he was promoted Captain, which position he held 
until his resignation on account of the consolidation of 
his regiment with the Seventy-seventh Illinois, and his 
failing health. He participated in the Vicksburg Cam- 



23O MEMORIALS. 

paign, from Milliken s Bend to its close; was in the bat 
tles of Port Gibson, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, 
and in the charges of May iQth and 22d. 

After the surrender of Vicksburg, his regiment assist 
ed in the ten-day siege of Jackson, Mississippi, after 
which the regiment was transferred to the Department 
of the Gulf under General Banks, taking part in the cam 
paigns of Western Louisiana, and under General Ran 
som, in his Texas campaign. He left the service at Pass 
Cavallo, on the coast of that State. He became a mem 
ber of this Commandery January 8, 1891, and leaves a 
large circle of friends to mourn his death. 

To his bereaved family we offer our heartfelt sym 
pathy. 

EDGAR D. SWAIN, 
CHARLES R. E. KOCH, 
CHARLES MATTESON, 

Committee. 




FRANK M. THOMSON. 

/vV.sY Lieutenant FonrteenlJi Ken. York Ifecn y Artillery, Ignited States 
Volunteers. Died at AV rc York, A r . ) ., April 20, iSijj. 

JO ORN at La Fargeville, Jefferson County, N. Y. , May 
^J J 13, 1845. Died at New York City, April 20, 1895. 

"After life s fitful fever, he sleeps well." 

Too often are we reminded of the declining years, and 
too frequent are becoming the grim summons of Him 
who compasseth all earthly ills. While it is a mournful 
pleasure to speak well of the dead, the heart of man is 
prone to fill with saddened tenderness for the loved ones 
who are bereaved. 

In the bivouac of eternal sleep, our friend and Com 
panion, Lieutenant Frank M. Thomson, has lain him 
down to rise no more to earthly call; and his fellow 

231 



232 MEMORIALS. 

members and Companions of the Illinois Commandery 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion join deeply 
and earnestly in their sorrow and grief that one so dearly 
respected and esteemed will hold no converse here below. 

Companion Thomson was a brave, earnest and up 
right man, generous to a fault, and full of that human 
magnetism which drew around him many friends who 
will miss his genial handshake and his kindly sympathy. 
He was honest, faithful, capable and popular, a man of 
unquestioned ability and unblemished reputation; large- 
hearted, faithful and true. He sought only the true friend 
ship of man and the honest love of woman ; and he was ever 
staunch and loyal to his former companions in arms. 

Entering into the Federal service of the Union as a 
private in the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery, he rose 
from the ranks for conspicuous and meritorious bravery 
and proven efficiency upon the field of battle, to become 
successively Second Lieutenant and finally First Lieu 
tenant of the Fouteenth New York Heavy Artillery. With 
the Ninth Army Corps he participated in all the hot and 
dreadful carnage of every important engagement in the 
campaign, from the Wilderness to Appomattox. 

As a business man, Mr. Thompson was punctilious in 
his dealings, truthful, honorable and honest in his speech, 
and prompt in the discharge of money obligations. By 
prudence, economy and rigid care, he succeeded in gain 
ing a competency and for a time lived comfortably and 
contentedly with his beloved family. But a few years ago 
he engaged in a business bright with promises and the 
highest hopes of success, only to meet with that disap 
pointment which is of such common occurrence in these 
times. In this enterprise he lost his all, and we fear the 
failure had much to do with his early death, for he died 
a comparatively young man. 



MEMORIALS. 233 

It is, therefore, with the utmost commiseration that 
his Companions of the Loyal Legion, in their full sympa 
thy, extend to his friends, relatives and family their sin 
cere condolence for the sad loss they have experienced 
in his early demise, and resignedly but devoutly point to 
Him "In Whom we place our trust." 

JAMES A. SEXTON, 
HORACE H. THOMAS, 
ALFRED T. ANDREAS, 

Committee. 




FRANK HITCHCOCK. 

Captain Eighty-sixth Illinois Infantrv, United States Volunteers 
Died at Peoria, Illinois, April 25 , iSgj. 

*7T.S IX days gone by we have seen amidst the roar of 
l\ artillery and the crack of the rifle, our comrades 
^^ swept down all around us by the leaden messen 
ger of death, so now we see that the grim Reaper seems 
to be no less busy and that every one of our successive 
meetings marks the loss of those who are dropping by 
the wayside, we may almost say, day by day. 

We are now called to pay a parting tribute to our late 
Companion, Captain Frank Hitchcock, who was born in 
Painesville, Ohio, 1839, and died at Peoria, Illinois, April 
25, 1895. Moving to Peoria Count}-, Illinois, when sev 
enteen years of age, like so many of our best and bright- 

234 



MEMORIALS. 235 

est men he spent his early years upon the old farm. At 
the outbreak of the Rebellion he needed no second call, 
and so the early part of icS6i found him in the Union 
ranks where his bravery and force of character speedily 
brought him promotion to Captain in the Eighty-sixth 
Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry, August 27, 1862. 
His military record is so long and his career so active 
that no attempt at details will be made here. Suffice it to 
say, that he was in the Thirty-sixth Brigade of Sheridan s 
Division, afterwards in the Third Brigade of the Second 
Division Fourteenth Corps, Army of the Cumberland. 
At Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, 
and in the many battles of the Atlanta Campaign, 
in Sherman s glorious March to the Sea, and in the 
capture of Savanah, Captain Hitchcock could be found 
wherever duty called him; and he was one who felt that 
duty called him, wherever the fight was hottest. With 
an enthusiasm that knew no tiring, with a courage that 
knew no flinching, he faced his country s enemy until he 
was mustered out June 6, 1865, with but one hand, a 
part of the other having been left at Kenesaw Mountain. 

On account of the same traits of character that made 
him so true and brave a soldier, he was made Sheriff of 
Peoria County term after term, was made the Mayor of 
the city of Peoria, and also United States Marshal for the 
Northern District of Illinois; and the remembrance of 
these qualities makes our hearts ache to-day as we realize 
the loss that this Commandery has sustained in his death. 

It is not often that a lion s heart is found with a 
woman s tenderness and sympathetic nature. Captain 
Hitchcock was one who could do his duty and inflict no 
unnecessary sting; he was one of the few who could clasp 
the manacles on a prisoner s wrists and make him his 
friend at the same time. 



236 MEMORIALS. 

We can ask no greater blessing on those who shall 
one day fill our places, than that they may find no lack 
of men as true, as strong, as lovable, as he to whom we 

now say farewell. 

ELIOT CALLENDER, 
MARTIN KINGMAN, 

JOHN D. McCLURE, 

* J 

Committee. 




EVERETT BRUCE PRESTON. 

Captain Twenty-second Connecticut Infantry, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois , April 27, 1895. 



BRUCE PRESTON was born in Willing- 
ton, Connecticut, September I2th, in 1843, and 
was eighteen years of age when the war broke out. 
His brother entering the service at the breaking out of 
the war, he was eager to enlist; but was persuaded by 
his brother to remain at home, which he did until the 
following year; but when the President called for three 
hundred thousand militia to serve for nine months, he 
enlisted in Company H, Twenty-second Connecticut Vol 
unteers. Although so young he was elected First Lieu 
tenant, and three months afterward was promoted to 
Captain, being the youngest officer in his regiment. He 

237 



238 MEMORIALS. 

gave especial attention to the discipline of his men, and 
was complimented on having the best drilled company. 
The regiment served in the defences of Washington until 
April, 1863, when it was sent to Suffolk, Virginia, to 
defend it against Longstreet s siege of that place; this 
was a service of nightly surprises and fatiguing duty in 
the trenches, the enemy threatening night and day. 
After Longstreet abandoned the siege, the regiment 
moved to Yorktown, and was with the advance of Gen 
eral Dix, threatening Richmond at the time of the ad 
vance of Lee into Pennsylvania, in the Gettysburg cam 
paign, and was shortly after mustered out. 

After the regiment had been discharged, Captain 
Preston returned to Hartford and resumed his place in 
business, remaining there until 1869, when he removed 
to Chicago and went into the rubber goods and fire ap 
paratus trade, building up a successful business. He 
was a very capable, energetic, and far-sighted business 
man, and was successful in whatever he undertook. He 
lost nearly all he had in the great fire, but paid his in 
debtedness in full, and was very prosperous during the 
years succeeding; establishing branch stores at Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Port 
land, Oregon. He was a director and general manager 
of the Mayall Rubber Company, of Reading, Massa 
chusetts, and handled all the rubber shoes manufac 
tured and shipped west of Pittsburgh and to the Rocky 
Mountains. 

We lose in him an estimable citizen and worthy 
Companion; one of the class of men who have helped to 
build up Chicago and the West, and who, after serving 
their country in its time of need, show that in times of 
peace they are behind none in their ability to hold their 
own in life s strifes and duties. 



MEMORIALS. 239 

The Commandery extends its sympathy to his afflicted 
wife and daughter in their irreparable loss. 

GEORGE K. DAUCHY, 
ALBERT L. COE, 
WILLIAM A. MONTGOMERY, 

Committee. 




WALTER QUINTIN GRESHAM. 

Brigadier General and Brevet Major General, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Washington, D. C., May 28, 1895. 

f")ESOLVED, That we, the Illinois Commandery of 
[A the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
^" United States, sincerely mourn the loss of our be 
loved ex-Commander, General Walter Quintin Gresham, 
whose warm heart and rugged virtues his Companions 
will ever cherish in loving memory. 

Resolved, That, reserving for more careful prepara 
tion hereafter a just memorial of his character and serv 
ices, we now at this informal meeting, held on the eve 
of his burial, desire to express our full appreciation of 
his exceptional ability both as a military leader and in 
civil life. We record our admiration of his splendid 

240 



MEMORIALS. 241 

personal courage long ago manifested so often on the 
battle-field, enabling him even while being borne out of 
the fight with a shattered limb to pause and give a last 
important order, and manifested later in numberless 
forensic contests and judicial decrees where conduct 
which he considered fraud was relentlessly denounced 
and where right, as he saw the right, was sternly main 
tained. We recall with affection his hearty and cordial 
friendship and his constant and willing attention to the 
duties of the chair of this Commandery. We recognize 
the broad and catholic spirit of the man who twice rose 
so easily from local labors to national affairs, and who 
at last wore out his life in the service of his country, 
while patiently performing the exacting duties of one of 
its most exalted offices, as Secretary of State. 

Resolved, That this Commandery make suitable ar 
rangements for representation at his funeral, and that 
the Recorder transmit a copy of these resolutions to the 
family of our deceased Companion. 

At the stated meeting held June 13, 1895, the following report was 
read and adopted: 

No occasion could be more appropriate to pay our 
tribute of respect to the memory of Walter Quintin 
Gresham than the present, when fathers and sons of the 
Loyal Legion are assembled together at this their annual 
meeting. Sorrow for the death of one who always en 
joyed these unique gatherings is mingled with the pleasure 
of the hour. 

To the fathers, the illustrious deceased has been a 
Companion, the Commander of the Commandery and a 
warm-hearted friend. To the sons, his example, his 
struggles and his successes will prove a lesson full of 
encouragement. To both he is the typical American, 
having attained distinction and exalted position by his 



242 MEMORIALS. 

unaided efforts, his sterling qualities and incorruptible 
integrity. 

Though death comes frequently, reducing our ranks 
and taking away a Sheridan, a Logan, a Strong, a 
White, a Stiles and many others equally dear, yet we 
are never, nor can we be, wholly prepared for the 
recurring presence of that grim and victorious enemy of 
us all. 

The announcement of the death of General Gresham 
came to us with startling force. Each member of this 
Commandery realized that he had sustained a personal 
loss. None knew so well as we how our friend enjoyed 
laying aside the burdens and responsibilities of the 
Bench, here to mingle with his old comrades and to 
fight his battles o er again. With us he was always at 
home. He loved the free and unconventional spirit of 
our gatherings. Here his ever bright and penetrating 
eyes received, if possible, a brighter glow under the in 
fluence of soul-stirring battle hymns and stories of the 
war. If, as recently stated in a foreign paper, the time 
has already arrived in this country, that, when an old 
soldier commences to speak of army days, it is the signal 
for those who did not participate in the war to rise and 
leave the circle, we know that such a rule has no place 
in this gathering of fathers and sons to-night. We know 
that one of the great charms of this organization is, that 
we do not weary in hearing of one another s experiences. 
We know that our reunions tend to keep alive the fires 
of patriotism and loyalty. We realize that the associa 
tions which bring us together are stronger and more 
binding than the old ties of school or college days. At 
the same time we are not insensible to the importance 
of current history; we are not stationary. We love to 
advance and, keeping abreast with the progress and 



MEMORIALS. 243 

spirit of the age, we accept the duties of life as they 
devolve upon us. 

The life of Walter Quintin Gresham is an inspiration 
to all who study it. Like so many of the distinguished men 
of the Republic, he was born and reared upon a farm, and 
also like so many of the mighty whose names are inscribed 
in our country s Valhalla, he was destined to blaze his 
way through the trials of early life, single-handed and 
alone. 

Born in 1832, in Harrison County, Indiana, he was 
two years of age when he lost his father. Deprived of 
paternal guidance, he was fortunately blessed with a 
mother s watchful care, and until he was sixteen years 
of age lived with her, working on the farm and devoting 
his spare hours to reading and study. 

Relying upon his own merits his advance during the 
following years was rapid. In 1854 he was admitted to 
the Bar. In 1858 he was married to Miss Matilda Mc- 
Grain, a most estimable woman, who in all the walks of 
life has been a devoted and efficient helpmeet to her 
gifted husband. In 1860 he was elected to the Legisla 
ture of Indiana, and immediately thereafter made Chair 
man of the Committee on Military Affairs. Here he was 
strikingly active in urging appropriations for the organ 
ization and equipment of the State Militia for its service 
in the field. 

The subsequent versatile and unparalleled career of 
General Gresham naturally divides itself into three peri 
ods, his Military, Judicial, and Executive life. From his 
contemporaries at Washington; from those who knew 
him in the important offices of Postmaster General, Sec 
retary of the Treasury and Secretary of State, there have 
been expressed high tributes to his executive worth and 
skill. 



244 MEMORIALS. 

From those associated with him for twenty-two years 
upon the Bench, and from those who practiced before 
him in the Seventh United States Judicial Circuit, com 
prising the States of Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin, 
there have been recorded sincere tributes to his unsullied 
name and to his conspicuous ability as a fearless, con 
scientious and upright Judge; one who sought only to do 
justice between man and man, and whose robes of ermine 
were ever spotless. 

In 1888, so great was his popularity and so wide- 
reaching the confidence reposed in. his judgment and 
character, he became the spontaneous and unanimous 
choice of his party in this State for the nomination to 
the Presidency. This distinction, conferred upon him 
at a time when he had been a resident of the State but 
for a short period, he regarded as unprecedented, and he 
appreciated the honor with feelings of pleasure and pride. 

It was as a gallant soldier that our Companion was 
best known to this Commandery. We had shared his 
military life and we knew his intrepidity and other sol 
dierly qualities, his sympathies, his manliness, his 
patriotism. When the Civil War broke out he declined 
re-election to the Legislature, and enlisted as a private 
in the Thirty-eighth Indiana Infantry. He was speedily 
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and on 
March 10, 1862, was commissioned Colonel df the Fifty- 
third Indiana Volunteers. As he rode out from Cory- 
don, young and of striking appearance, at the head of 
his regiment, to do battle for his country, his faithful 
and patriotic wife proudly cheered him on to victory. 

He was commissioned Brigadier General of United 
States Volunteers January 25, 1863; brevetted Major Gen 
eral United States Volunteers March 13, 1863, and mus 
tered out of service April 30, 1 866. He was at the siege of 



MEMORIALS. 245 

Vicksburg, at Corinth, and in the arduous Atlanta cam 
paign. As Military Governor of Natchez, the high order 
of administrative ability exhibited by him compelled ad 
miration alike from friend and foe. In the movement on 
Atlanta, and while at the front reconnoitering, he was 
shot in the right thigh by one of the enemy s sharp 
shooters. His Corps Commander, Major General Frank 
P. Blair, in his official report of the operations of this 
campaign, said: "General Gresham, who was seriously 
wounded on the 2Oth of July, displayed the greatest cour 
age and skill in the management of his troops on that 
day." It was a source of life-long regret to him that the 
fortunes of war prevented him from being on the field at 
Shiloh. He was, however, serving his country as faith 
fully while guarding the lines and supplies at Savannah, 
within sound of the roar of battle, as those who faced 
the enemy amid shot and shell. 

He won the friendship and esteem of Grant, Sher 
man and McPherson, and possessed the highest confi 
dence of the men of his command. Grant, when 
President, unsolicited, placed him on the Federal Bench. 
The lamented McPherson, who was himself so soon to 
give his life defending the flag of his country, when in 
formed that his Division General had been stricken 
down, showed a deep interest in his welfare and di 
rected that he should receive the most assiduous care 
and skill. 

Of Sherman it is said, that when Colonel Gresham 
told him that the men of the Fifty-third Regiment were 
raw, that he himself did not know anything of military 
affairs, and that he wanted to know something, the 
great hero welcomed him, and characteristically replied 
that he, Gresham, was the first man he had met who 
did not think he knew everything, and as a mark of con- 



246 MEMORIALS. 

fidence he would order his regiment out on the picket 
line. 

We know how he prized the years he passed on the 
tented field. There was no portion of his public career 
of which he was so proud, and it has been said he pre 
ferred the title of "General" to that of "Judge" or "Mr. 
Secretary." 

Possessing a winning and magnetic personality, of a 
tender, generous and considerate nature, he enjoyed the 
experiences of the camp, the march and the battle, and 
was closely drawn towards those who had known a 
similar life. It will be long before we forget his pleas 
ant and simple ways. Never wholly recovering from 
his wound and bearing his sufferings with heroism, he 
gave^his life to his country as truly as did those who died 
on the battle-field. 

In this city, on Memorial Day, a day hallowed to 
so man} 7 sacred memories; amid the most impressive 
surroundings; in the presence of his afflicted widow and 
family, the President of the United States and his Cabi 
net, this Commandery and thousands of mourning 
friends, military honors were accorded to the memory of 
this distinguished man; taps were sounded, and the 
soldier-citizen was tenderly laid to rest. 

"After life s fitful fever he sleeps well." 

ALDACE F. WALKER, 
JAMES L. HIGH, 

HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON, 

EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 
MARTIN J. RUSSELL, 
RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 

Committee. 




GEORGE RANDOLPH DYER. 

Captain and Assistant (Quartermaster, ignited States Volunteers 
Died at Excelsior Springs, Missouri, July 13, iSq^. 

IN MEMORY of Captain George Randolph Dyer, born 
June 3, 1812, at Clarendon, Rutland County, Ver 
mont; died July 13, 1895, at Excelsior Springs, Clay 
County, Missouri. 

Captain Dyer was educated at Rutland Academy, Ver 
mont. 

At the early age of twenty-one, driving overland, he 
sought his fortunes in the West. In 1835, he explored 
the shores of Lake Michigan in a bark canoe. Impressed 
with the future of Milwaukee and Chicago, he purchased 
property in both cities. In 1841 he sold his possessions 
and settled in the town of Plainrield, \Yill County, Illinois. 

247 



248 MEMORIALS. 

In 1856, he was elected Sheriff of Will County. He 
was one of the first and most prominent members of the 
Republican party in Illinois, and so became a close friend 
of Lincoln, Lovejoy, Wentworth and other leaders of the 
party in the State. He was, of course, strongly opposed 
to slavery, and for some time kept a station of the "un 
derground railroad." 

Captain Dyer belonged to a family of soldiers. His 
father fought under General Stark, at the Battle of Ben- 
nington, and at the close of the Revolution was commis 
sioned (by Governor Hancock) Major of Massachusetts 
State Militia. Two of his brothers distinguished them 
selves in the War of 1812. Two of his sons served in 
the Union army in the Civil War. One of them, Com 
panion Daniel B. Dyer, succeeds him in the Order of the 
Loyal Legion. Our late beloved Companion, Major Clar 
ence E. Dyer, was his nephew. 

October 31, 1861, President Lincoln commissioned 
him Captain and Assistant Quartermaster, U. S.V. His 
entire military service was at Pilot Knob, Missouri, where 
he proved himself a most faithful, efficient and honest 
officer, doing his duty with the utmost zeal, and helping 
forward the Union cause with all the energy and persist 
ence of an enthusiastic and loyal nature. Whatever he 
did, he did with his might, always feeling that his coun 
try was entitled to, and should have, the best service 
which he could render it. He resigned May 19, 1865. 

Another Companion has answered the last roll-call, 
Another brave spirit has gone to meet its God. 

JOHN L. BEVERIDGE, 
PHILIP C. HAYES, 
ALFRED T. ANDREAS, 

Committee. 




GEORGE FREDERICK ROOT. 

Companion of the Third L lass. Died at Bailey s Island, Maine, 
Aligns t 6, 1895. 

y OUR Committee on Memorial to Dr. George F. Root, 
i, desire to report as follows: 

Another name has been transferred from the registry 
of this Commandery to that of Heaven. Born on August 
20, 1820, Doctor Root had just completed his seventy- 
fifth year when gathered to his fathers. 

A member of the Third Class of the Loyal Legion, he 
has left us to join the comrades who have gone before, 
and to be joined, we trust, by those of us who remain, 
but are ere long to follow. 

As his survivors, ours is the consolation of cherishing 
the memory of a beautiful life beautiful not in the mere 

249 



25O MEMORIALS. 

perfunctory use of that word, for that life was replete 
with those charms of character, and those intellectual 
achievements that lend to manhood both dignity and 
grace. 

His was, indeed, a life of genuine harmony, harmony 
of practice with precept, harmony of Christian character, 
harmony of mind and soul. 

Although not of the profession of arms, his martial 
songs proved an exhaustless source of encouragement 
and inspiration to the hosts who battled for the Union; 
and scarcely less effective have been his melodies in the 
home circle, and the sacred songs that have animated 
the soldiers marching under the banner of Christ. 

The same genial and loving spirit that gave birth to 
those enchanting melodies, pervaded his whole nature, 
and brightened his intercourse with his fellow men, en 
dearing him to all who came within the circle of his 
friendship. 

No name is more fondly associated than his with the 
cause of liberty and the Union, by those who were its 
champions at home and in the field. No songs will prove 
more enduring than his when sung in memory of the 
past, none more potent to arouse enthusiasm and inspire 
to heroic deeds the patriots of our beloved Republic, if 
ever assailed by foreign powers. 

\Ve consecrate anew in our hearts the love of him 
whose praise we unconsciously chant whenever joining 
our voices in the soul-inspiring words and music of the 
41 Battle Cry of Freedom. " 

THOMAS B. BRYAN, 
HORATIO L. WAIT, 

EUGENE CARY, 

Committee. 




MAYER FRANK. 

Captain Eighty-second Illinois Infantry, L nited States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, August 16, iSyj. 

IN THAT vanguard which sprang to the call of a threat 
ened country stood our late Companion, Mayer Frank. 
Although but a few years had elapsed since he had 
come, a stranger among a strange people, he had learned 
the lesson of patriotism thoroughly, and thus early sought 
to testify to his devotion to the land of his adoption. 

Born in Nordsteten, Wuerttemberg, Germany, April 
9, 1841, he left that place at the age of twelve years, 
coming to Philadelphia, where he remained until 1860, 
when he removed to Chicago. 

At the outbreak of the war he sought to enlist under 
the first call, but was refused because of his physical 
condition at the time. 

251 



252 MEMORIALS. 

In August, 1862, he was one of the most enthusiastic 
and energetic of a committee of Hebrew citizens in 
Chicago, organized to encourage enlistments, etc. In 
three days they had raised ten thousand dollars, as well as 
organized a company composed exclusively of members 
of their own faith and known as the Concordia Guards. 

This company was subsequently mustered into the 
United States service as Company C, Eighty-second 
Illinois Volunteers. Enlisted therein, Companion Frank 
was appointed First Lieutenant August 16, 1862, and 
promoted Captain May 28, 1863. 

He participated in the battles of Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Missionary Ridge and vari 
ous minor engagements with his regiment and in the 
battle of Wauhatchie was assigned, temporarily, to com 
mand the Eightieth Illinois. 

He served as Acting Assistant Inspector General on 
the Staffs of Generals Schimmelpfenning and Tyndale. 
At Gettysburg his horse was shot, and falling on him, 
caused such injuries as eventually necessitated his resig 
nation February 29, 1864. 

He was a gentleman, unostentatious in manner and 
of a kindly nature. Of modest means, he was gener 
ous to an extreme in his charities, more especially when 
the old soldier was the object thereof. His long service 
with one firm testifies to his abilities and uprightness. 
Those nearest to him will feel his absence most keenly 
and their remembrance of him will be the tenderest and 

most enduring. 

JOHN J. ABERCROMBIE, 
FRANCIS LACKNER, 

WILLIAM VOCKE, 

Committee 




WILLIAM ADAM MONTGOMERY. 

Ca ft tun Fifteenth Wisconsin Infantry, United Slates Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, August 21, 1895. 

t A flLLIAM ADAM MONTGOMERY, late Captain of 
"I the Fifteenth Wisconsin Infantry, was born June 
21, 1838, at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. His family, which 
was of Scotch-Irish stock, emigrated from the north of 
Ireland first to Delaware, but moved afterward to Lan 
caster County, Pennsylvania, settling in Little Britain 
Township in Lancaster County, upon land which was 
obtained by grant from William Penn. Captain Mont 
gomery came from patriotic ancestry. His grandfather, 
William Montgomery, who was born in 1/61, when a 
boy of about sixteen years, left the academy at Newark, 
Delaware, where he was pursuing his education, and 

253 



254 MEMORIALS. 

joined the Revolutionary Army in 17/6 or 17/7. He was 
in the engagement at Trenton, where he was wounded, 
and also the actions at Princeton and elsewhere. At a 
later time he was Captain of the Lancaster Light Horse. 
After the Revolution he studied law and practiced in 
Lancaster until his death in 1826. His son, John R. 
Montgomery, the father of our late Companion, was born 
in 1801. He was conspicuous at the Lancaster bar for 
his eloquence and ability as a lawyer, at a time when 
that bar numbered among its active members such men 
as James Buchanan, Thadeus Stevens, the great Com 
moner, and other men of national reputation. He won 
his fame as a lawyer in early life, for at the age of thirty- 
six he was struck by lightning, and was an invalid from 
that time until his death in 1854. His mother having 
died in 1847, William A. Montgomery was thus left an 
orphan at an early age, in the care of an older sister. At 
the age of sixteen he entered Washington and Jefferson 
College as a sophomore, spending one year in that insti 
tution. The family then moved to the West, and 
William A. Montgomery entered Beloit College, Wiscon 
sin, as a junior, graduating in the year 1857 with high 
honors. He began the study of law in the law school at 
Louisville, Kentucky, where he remained one year, and 
continued his studies the two years following, in the 
office of Judge James C. Hopkins, at Madison, Wiscon 
sin. He was admitted to the bar in 1860. 

In February of the following year he came to Chicago 
to engage in the practice of the law. But within a few 
weeks the guns from Sumter proclaimed that the great 
debate between freedom and slavery was to be submitted 
to the arbitrament of arms. True to the example of his 
revolutionary grandfather, Montgomery at once laid aside 
his law books, and enlisted in the Second Regiment of 



MEMORIALS. 255 

Wisconsin Infantry. Owing to some difficulty about the 
three year term of enlistment, the company in which he 
had enlisted was not accepted. Young Montgomery 
thereupon returned to Beloit, where he joined in the 
organization of a new regiment; and on the I4th of De 
cember, 1 86 1, he enlisted as a private in the Fifteenth 
Wisconsin Infantry. Upon the organization of the regi 
ment he was elected Second Lieutenant of his company, 
the commission bearing date January 10, 1862, to date 
from his enlistment. On the 2nd of March, 1862, the 
Fifteenth Wisconsin began its war service at Bird s Point, 
Missouri, and while there Lieutenant Montgomery was 
presented by his friends in the company with a handsome 
sworcl. His first engagement was at Hickinan, where 
four companies repulsed a small rebel force. Subse 
quently the regiment was sent to join the forces above 
Island No. 10, and soon after surprised and captured a 
rebel force at Union City. On the iith of June, 1862, 
Companies I and G of the Fifteenth were sent to Island 
No. 10, where they remained until early in September, 
1863. October i, 1862, Montgomery was promoted to 
First Lieutenant; but before being mustered was again 
promoted to Captain of Company I, his commission dat 
ing from the 4th of April, 1863. The 2Oth of Septem 
ber following, the two detached companies having been 
ordered to join their regiment, reached the rest of their 
comrades at the close of the second day s disastrous 
fighting at Chickamauga. It was a sad reunion. Colonel 
Heg, of the Fifteenth, commanding the brigade, had been 
killed, Lieutenant Colonel Johnson and other officers 
and men had been taken prisoners, and many had been 
killed or wounded upon that hard fought field. 

At Chattanooga the regiment closed up its shattered 
ranks and formed a part of that splendid line of blue 



256 MEMORIALS. 

which swept up Missionary Ridge, as the Army of the 
Cumberland. In the advance from Fort Wood the Fif 
teenth Wisconsin was one of the first at the capture of 
Orchard Knob, and on the 25th of November it partici 
pated in the charge which won the summit of that his 
toric Ridge, and after that brilliant victory was sent 
with the force which went to the relief of Burnside 
at Knoxville. In these engagements Captain Mont 
gomery participated, and nobly performed his duty as a 
soldier. 

In the winter of 1863 and 1864, Captain Montgomery 
was ordered north upon recruiting service. He returned 
to his regiment in the spring of 1864, in time to partici 
pate in the Atlanta campaign. In the fighting at Rocky 
Face Ridge, at Resacca, in the assault upon Kenesaw 
Mountain, at Peach Tree Creek, at Jonesboro, at Love- 
joy Station and the engagements about Atlanta, he led 
his men in every action. 

After the capture of Atlanta the regiment was ordered 
to Chattanooga, and the remainder of its service was 
rendered in that vicinity until the expiration of its period 
of enlistment. 

The war for the preservation of the Union being tri 
umphantly ended, Captain Montgomery returned to his 
professional pursuits in Chicago, where he continued to 
reside until the time of his death. 

Of his professional career this is not the time nor 
place to speak at length. He speedily acquired a large 
and excellent practice. The legal ability which had 
come down through three generations of distinguished 
lawyers was manifest throughout his whole career at the 
bar. As a wise and safe counsellor, as a careful and 
industrious lawyer, as a man of unquestioned integrity 
and capacity, he was respected and trusted by his asso- 



MEMORIALS. 2$/ 

ciates at the bar and by the courts before whom he 
practiced. 

Any notice of Captain Montgomery would be imper 
fect which did not in some way refer to his genial humor, 
his unfailing kindliness of heart and courtesy of manner. 
He was always and everywhere a thorough gentleman, 
and those who best knew him best understood the gen 
tleness and tenderness of his character and life. Of no 
one could it be more truthfully said that 

11 To know him was to love him, 
To name him was to praise." 

He was ever modest and courteous and yet always 
firm in maintaining his own views of the right. He en 
deavored to perform the duties of life, as they came to 
him, with punctilious accuracy, with unfailing industry, 
and without ostentation or display. Were he present with 
us to-night his innate modesty would shrink from eulogy, 
as one unconscious of his real worth. But we who knew 
him and who loved him cannot say less, though we know 
that he himself would be unwilling that we should say 
more. 

There is a well-known picture of a line of battle 
sleeping upon the field in readiness for action, while 
above it hovers another shadowy line, pressing forward 
in the fierce onset as though foreshadowing in dreams 
what to-morrow has in store for the sleeping host. We 
who gather here in steadily diminishing numbers are but 
a small minority of that great host that went forth to 
battle with us in the days of 61 and 62. We know not 
yet what the future has in store for us, nor how soon for 
us " Lights out" shall be sounded. But we know that 
some to-morrow shall muster us into that greater army 
which has crossed the river. There let us trust we mav 



258 MEMORIALS. 

meet again the knightly soldiers, the true friends, the 
trusted comrades whom we 

" Have loved long since and lost awhile." 

HENRY V. FREEMAN, 
GEORGE W. BAIRD, 
WILLIAM ELIOT FURNESS, 

Committee. 




ALEXANDER MILLER STOUT. 

Colonel Seventeenth Kentucky and Brevet Brigadier General, United 
States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, August 25, iSqjj. 

" His life was gentle and the elements 
So mixed in him, that nature might stand up 
And say to all the world this was a man." 

/^ENERAL Alexander M. Stout died at the Presby- 
\J terian Hospital in this city on the 25th day of 
August, 1895. During his long illness his many 
army friends kept constant and loving vigil at his bed 
side. All that human skill, all that loving hands could 
do was done. But the ailment had taken too firm a hold, 
and though bravely the old warrior fought against the 
stern decree of fate, the inexorable law must be enacted, 
and he must go to join the innumerable caravan that 
moves to the mysterious realms beyond. 

259 



26(3 MEMORIALS. 

His soldier friends were unremitting in their attention; 
frequently called at the hospital and each time came 
away realizing that their mission was hopeless. The old 
soldier was making an heroic struggle, but his strength 
was gone, pain and distress had worn out the iron con 
stitution. Death was near. At midnight he breathed 
his last and thus passed away a remarkable man. 

Alexander Miller Stout was born in Shelby County, 
Kentucky, on the 8th day of January, 1820, and was, 
therefore, at the time of his death in his seventy-sixth 
year. 

He was educated at Bardstown College. After tak 
ing his degree in law at Harvard College he settled at 
Owensborough, Kentucky, and practiced law until 1851, 
when he removed to Louisville. There he served as City 
Attorney for several terms. When the war of the Re 
bellion broke out he raised the first regiment of Home 
Guards and in conjunction with Colonel John H. McHenry 
raised the Seventeenth Kentucky Volunteer Infantry and 
was mustered into the service on the 2nd day of January, 
1862, as Lieutenant Colonel. He was promoted to the 
rank of Colonel, January 27, 1863, and commissioned a 
Brevet Brigadier General United States Volunteers to 
take rank from the I3th day of March, 1865, "for gallant 
and meritorious service during the war." His principal 
service was in Wood s Division, Fourth Army Corps, 
Army of the Cumberland, in which he commanded his 
regiment, and as senior Colonel, the brigade to which his 
regiment was attached. 

His first service was in the campaign leading up to 
the battle of Shiloh, in which his eldest son was killed 
and he himself severely wounded. Subsequently he 
participated in all the campaigns and battles of the Army 
of the Cumberland and bore a conspicuous and gallant 



MEMORIALS. 26 1 

part at Stone s River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, 
Atlanta, Franklin, Nashville and Perryville. He was 
mustered out of the service January 27, 1865. 

After the war General Stout attempted to practice his 
profession in Louisville, but sentiment was so strong 
against the Union soldier, that he found himself almost an 
alien in his native state. While serving in the Legislature 
he was appointed Chief Clerk of the Patent Office, and 
subsequently was Acting Commissioner of Patents. At 
the expiration of this time he resumed the practice of law 
in Washington, and moved to Chicago in 1879, where he 
continued the practice of his profession until the last few 
years. He was a member of the Illinois Commandery of 
the Loyal Legion and of George H. Thomas Post, No. 5, 
Department of Illinois, G. A. R. 

General Stout was married in 1848 to Margaret, 
daughter of Stanley Singleton of Hardingsburg, Ken 
tucky, who survives him, with his two daughters, Mrs. M. 
M. Dewall and Miss Emma Stout, and Stanley S. and 
Dr. Alexander M. Stout of this city. 

It is always proper to speak well of the dead; it is 
pleasing and grateful when the tribute comes not as a 
perfunctory duty, but in spontaneous appreciation of ex 
cellence and goodness. 

General Stout was a soldier in appearance and action. 
His head was a noble one, his hair white and beautiful, 
his face pleasant even to attractiveness. His figure was 
tall and commanding, these uniting to give him a strik 
ing personality. He was a fine scholar and was very 
familiar with the works of the recognized authors, past 
and cotemporaneous. He could quote at will from the 
poets, his knowledge of Shakespeare being extraordinary. 

Had General Stout changed his political belief and 
remained in the State of his nativity he might have been 



262 MEMORIALS. 

elevated to the highest place within the gift of his peo 
ple. But principle was everything to him. He was 
firm in the faith, and in what he believed was right he 
was as immovable as the rock. He had no assumption, 
and there was nothing aggressive in his make up. Mod 
esty was his distinguishing trait. No one ever heard 
him boast of a success. Though a brilliant soldier, he 
seldom if ever referred to his achievements. He was as 
gentle as a child and his nature was warm, generous and 
affectionate. He loved all things, he could not see the 
merest animal suffer and his heart \vent out to all in 
affliction. His friendship was steadfast, for once he 
liked he never disliked and would share his all with a 
friend. He was an ideal soldier. He was as brave as a 
lion and seemed to love the fierce joy of the conflict. 
He won distinction and the confidence of his command 
by the constant display of those soldierly qualities, cour 
age, coolness, composure and heroism, wherever duty 
called, in every battle in which he was engaged. His 
death is a public loss and has cast a shadow of gloom 
over a large circle of friends. He was a noble man, 
generous, genial; he loved and was loved. Peace to his 
ashes. Of him even an opponent could well say: 

" I have scan d the action of his daily life, 
With all the industrious malice of a foe, 
And nothing meets mine eyes but deeds of honor." 

EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 
JAMES A. SEXTON, 
HORACE H. THOMAS, 

Committee. 




ANDREW JACKSON HOBART. 

Major and Sui geon Firs/ Michigan Infantry, United State s Tolun- 
ieers. Died at Clinton, foiva, December 6, iSqj. 

ANDREW JACKSON HOBART was born in Yates 
f\ County, New York, July 15, 1829. He was mus- 
^*"" tered in as Assistant Surgeon of the First Michigan 
Infantry, September 16, 1861, and served with his regi 
ment on the Peninsula before Richmond, and was very 
useful in the campaigns before that city, and in other 
campaigns with the Army of the Potomac, until after the 
battle of Gettysburg. He was detached for hospital 
service at Harwood hospital in Virginia, where he served 
until the first campaign before Fredericksburg, 

He was promoted to be Surgeon of the First Michi 
gan Infantry, and was mustered as such, in the field, 

263 



264 MEMORIALS. 

December 10, 1862. He served in the field until March 
1 6, 1864, when the War Department ordered him to 
special hospital duty in Jackson, Michigan. Doctor Ho- 
bart s record is brief, but he always had the reputation 
of being a faithful officer and a good soldier. The men 
of the regiment liked him as a kindly friend, and his 
brother officers esteemed him highly as a gentleman and 
a patriotic soldier. 

Doctor Hobart was exceedingly retiring in disposi 
tion, and his temperament was not aggressive. It was 
therefore necessary to know him a long time before one 
could learn of, and appreciate, his genial nature and 
really attractive disposition. 

After the war he returned to his profession of medi 
cine, in which he served his fellow citizens efficiently 
and successfully. Those who were near to this good 
man and faithful soldier regret his death exceedingly. 
He leaves a wife and two children. 

ARTHUR EDWARDS, 
CHARLES W. MEYERS, 
JOHN T. McAuLEY, 

Committee. 




ALBERT EGERTON ADAMS. 

Captain First Nc-d } ork Mounted /\i/lcs, (. nitcd Slates 
Died at Chicago, //linois, /aniiarv ./, iSg6. 



TLLBERT EGERTON ADAMS, Captain Eirst New 
f\ York Mounted Rifles, was born at Great Fails, New 
^^ Hampshire, August 22, 1840. He died at his 
home on Drexel Boulevard, Chicago, January 4, 1896. 

Companion Adams was of direct Puritan descent, two 
of his ancestors having been of the Pilgrim company 
which came over from England in the Mayflower in 
1620. Two of his great-grandfathers were officers in 
the Revolutionary Army. Eike his father and grand 
father, Companion Adams was a graduate of Yale, enter 
ing college in 1858 and graduating in 1862. 

At this time his father, Reverend John Ripley Adams, 

265 



266 MEMORIALS. 

although sixty years of age, was already one of the few 
"fighting Chaplains" of the army, serving in the Eighth 
Maine Infantry. The example of the father found a 
ready follower in the son. As old soldiers do not need 
to be reminded, it was in the summer of that year, 1862, 
that President Lincoln s call for "three hundred thous 
and more," summoned so many of our number to camp 
and field. 

Fresh from college life, young Adams at once began 
to recruit a company, and upon its organization became 
its First Lieutenant, and within a year thereafter was 
promoted to be Captain. His service was largely scout 
ing in Virginia, a service full of hardship and danger, in 
which he won official commendation for bravery, and is 
said to have been offered promotion as Colonel, when 
his health broke down and it became necessary to send 
him home because of disability. 

In 1865, after the war, he went into the hardware 
business in Davenport, Iowa, removing thence to Chi 
cago in 18/8. Captain Adams was intelligently inter 
ested in all matters of public welfare and concern. He 
took a sincere and active interest in the laboring men, 
usually about eight hundred in number, in his employ, 
and studied with zeal, matters affecting the relations of 
labor and capital. There were no more sincere mourn 
ers at the memorial services held after his death than 
his own employes. 

Few men were more highly respected, and seldom 
has any man been more highly honored, not only by his 
neighbors and friends, but by the community in general 
of that part of the city in which he lived. 

The memorial services held after his death, in the 
South Congregational Church where he attended, bore 
unusual witness to the high regard entertained for him 



MEMORIALS. 267 

by those who knew him best. He lived a life of useful 
service, and now 

"After life s fitful fever, he sleeps well." 

HENRY V. FREEMAN, 
HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON, 
JOSEPH STOCKTON, 

Committee. 




ASA ABRAHAM MATTESON. 

Died at Galesbnrg, Illinois, January 4, i8g6. 

7T.SA A. MATTESON, a Companion of this Com- 
f\ mandery of the First Class by inheritance, depart- 
^* ed this life on Saturday, the 4th day of January, 
1896, after an illness of one week. He was born in 
Warren County, in this State, on the 24th day of Octo 
ber, 1837, and was able to trace his lineage through the 
early pioneers of New England to an illustrious ancestry 
in Denmark, on the Matteson side, and, on the mother s 
side, to the Ogden family of England. Mr. Matteson 
had the misfortune to lose his right arm in his early 
boyhood. His father died before he was eight years 
old, and his mother and family soon after removed to 
Galesburg, Knox County. 

268 



MKMOKIALS. 269 

One of the striking characteristics of his whole life 
was his thoroughness in everything he undertook, and 
there were few things in which he did not excel his 
youthful companions. He obtained an excellent educa 
tion in the common schools and Academy, studied law, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1860. On the breaking 
out of the war in 1861, he nobly performed his part of 
the patriotic work so suddenly thrust upon the young 
men of the North. He recruited the greater part of two 
companies of Colonel Ingersoll s regiment, the Eleventh 
Illinois Cavalry, and was offered the position of a Bat 
talion Quartermaster of that regiment, but as all of his 
brothers were in the service he felt that he must remain 
at home to care for his widowed mother and young sis 
ter, and declined the offer. His active services were 
always enlisted during the war in behalf of sick and 
wounded soldiers, and there was never a question of his 
sincere loyalty and patriotism. 

As a citizen, lawyer, banker, business man, or public 
officer, he has left a record second to none. Companion 
Matteson had been a member of this Commandery but 
a comparatively short time, but we had learned to ap 
preciate the conservatism, good judgment, and sterling 
common sense that had made his life so eminently suc 
cessful, and the uprightness of character which always 
marked his career. 

He leaves a widow, three sons, one daughter, two 
brothers and one sister to mourn his departure. With 
them, and the hosts of friends who honor his memory, 
this Commandery unites in loving sympathy. 

DlLLWYN V. PURINGTON, 

ARTHUR A. SMITH, 
LEMUEL L. SCOTT, 

Committee. 



m 





WILLIAM PAGE STOWE. 

Chaplain Twenty -seventh Wisconsin Infantr\, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, January 4, 1896. 

OEVEREND William Page Stowe, M. A., D. D., a 
[\ member of the Illinois Commandery, and a cler- 
^^ gyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was 
born in Haverill, New Hampshire, 1832, and died in 
Chicago, Illinois, January 4, 1896. 

He came West with his parents in 1843, was gradu 
ated by Lawrence University, at Appleton, Wisconsin, 
and entered the ministry in 1858, wherein he received 
some of the highest honors given by his church. In 1863 
he became the Chaplain of the Twenty-seventh Wiscon 
sin Infantry, which did good service in the Southwest, 
and was a part of the forces before Vicksburg, under 

270 



MEMORIALS. 2/1 

General Sherman. Those who knew Doctor Stowe dur 
ing his military service speak in high terms of his useful 
ness as a Chaplain in the field, among his old friends and 
Wisconsin fellow citizens. As a minister he was award 
ed very responsible pastorates. He was a pure man, an 
able preacher, an intelligent citizen, and a patriotic, 
faithful soldier. 

His practical capacity was held in high esteem, and 
he served for twelve years as one of the agents and 
managers of one of the two publication houses of his 
church. In this position he acquitted himself honorably 
and with the gratitude of those whom he served. He 
was a well informed, courteous, generous, high-minded 
man. He esteemed his membership in this Order as a 
privilege and an honor. He regretted that his duties 
during the closing years of his life forbade his regular at 
tendance at our meetings. Death came to him as almost 
an entire surprise. He was not apparently very sick, 
but a sudden change carried him out of life, to the regret 
of the many who knew and loved him. 

He had taught many to approach death as a process 
of nature, and when his feet touched the chilly waters of 
separation between this life and the next, the faith which 
he had commended to others served to give himself a 
safe and confident passage towards the "Land that is 
out of sight. " 

ARTHUR EDWARDS, 
THEODORE H. PATTERSON, 
HENRY A. PEARSONS, 

Committee. 




REUBEN FREDSON DYER. 

Major and Surgeon One Ilundi ed and Fourth Illinois Infantry, 
United States I olunteers. Died at Ottaiva, Illinois, 
January 25, iSgd. 

OUR Companion, Reuben Fredson Dyer, after four 
days illness, died at his home in Ottawa, Illinois, 
January 25, 1896, aged sixty-three years. His 
wife Susan A. Goodridge Dyer, his son Edgar G. Dyer, 
and daughter Susie L. Dyer, survive to mourn the loss 
of a loving husband and tender father. 

He served nearly four years during the civil war first 
as Captain of Company K, Twentieth Illinois Infantry, in 
which capacity he was brave and efficient, rendering 
meritorious services in the battle at Frederickton, Mis 
souri, and Fort Donelson, Tennessee. 



MKMORIALS. 2/3 

But believing he could better serve his country in the 
line of his chosen profession, when the call came for 
three hundred thousand more, he accepted the position 
of Surgeon in one of the new regiments, the One Hun 
dred and Fourth Illinois Infantry, and was mustered as 
such, August 25, 1862. From that time until the close 
of the war he was constantly on duty with his regiment, 
or in charge of brigade and division field hospitals, and, 
after the fall of Savannah, as Acting Medical Director of 
the Fourteenth Army Corps, General Jefferson C. Davis, 
commanding. 

He so bore himself that he came to be generally con 
sidered one of the best surgeons in the Army of the Cum 
berland. To his care and skill was clue much of the re 
markable health of his regiment one whose death roll 
in battle was far above, and whose loss by disease far 
below, the average among the three years regiments 
from Illinois. We know what was required of faithful 
surgeons in the field, at the front, those who kept up 
with the line of battle how great were their responsibil 
ities, how onerous and exacting were their duties, requir 
ing for their proper performance fine discrimination, 
sound judgment, true courage, firm will, and nerves of 
steel. Our Companion had all these, and yet he was 
gentle as a child, tender and sympathetic as a woman. 
Often his near comrades have seen his lip quiver, and 
the tear start, as he told of the suffering and the heroism 
of the boys who came under his care. 

He never yielded to the roughening influences of army 
life. His most intimate companions on the march, 
around the bivouac fire, or at the mess table, never 
heard from him an expression that might not have been 
used with propriety in the presence of any woman. His 
idea was, the soldier should be none the less a gentle- 



2/4 MEMORIALS. 

man. He was courteous to all, yet firm in the perform 
ance of his duties. His nature was cordial and sincere, 
his sympathies broad, his courage and patriotism unfal 
tering. He was a brave soldier, a noble man, a warm 
friend and a true comrade. 

"To know him was to love him." 

He was mustered out of the service, June 6, 1865, 
and returned to his home in Ottawa, where, ripened by 
his experience in the army, he soon had an extensive and 
lucrative practice, and as it had been in the war, so dur 
ing the years since, he was always " on duty," and was at 
his post when the final summons came. 

For him, the bugle s call, " Lights Out," did not an 
nounce unending night, but was the reveille at the dawn 
of eternal day. 

JOHN H. WIDMER, 
ALEXANDER C. McCLURG, 
SAMUEL C. PLUMMER, 

Committee. 




ARTHUR CHARLES DUCAT. 

Lieutenant Colonel Twelfth Illinois Infantry and li revet Brigadier 
General, United Slates Volunteer s. Died at Dozi ner s 
Grove, Illinois, January 29, 



TINRTHUR CHARLES DUCAT was born February 
[\ 24, 1830, near Dublin, Ireland, to which place his 
^^* father had some years before removed from Scot 
land. In Dublin he enjoyed the benefits of a solid and 
practical education. Before reaching the age of twenty- 
one he resolved to come to America; he carried out that 
purpose and eventually took up his permanent abode at 
Chicago. Here and hereabouts he spent some time in 
study and field work as a civil engineer before entering 
upon his lifelong pursuit that of fire assurance. In this 
vocation at the outbreak of the war he was fast gaining 

275 



2/6 MEMORIALS. 

the respect of his associates and superiors, and through 
the discipline of obedience fast acquiring the capacity for 
leadership. 

In 1 86 1 he heard the call of his adopted country, and 
gave to her appeal a clear and instant response. Enlist 
ing at Chicago, April i/th, he was, a few days later, 
mustered into the Twelfth Illinois Infantry Volunteers. 
Promoted Second Lieutenant he became Adjutant of that 
regiment May 2, 1861; he was commissioned Captain of 
Company A, August i, 1861; Major, September 24, 1861; 
Lieutenant Colonel, April I, 1862. During the period of 
his duty with the Twelfth Illinois he served in Southern 
Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky and in the movements of 
General Grant s forces in Tennessee and Mississippi, and 
was especially distinguished at the siege and capture of 
Fort Donelson. But shortly after the taking of Corinth 
there opened for Lieutenant Colonel Ducat that larger 
military career for which by character and education he 
was so admirably fitted a career in which he was des 
tined to render great service to the Union cause. De 
tached from his regiment he was ordered upon staff duty 
at the headquarters of Major General E. O. C. Ord, and 
with that officer was present at the operations near luka 
in September, 1862. 

At the Battle of Corinth in the following month he 
served under General Rosecrans as Acting Chief of Staff 
and Chief of Grand Guards and Outposts at the head 
quarters of the Army of the Mississippi, an active and 
responsible position as understood and filled by so intel 
ligent and enterprising an officer. Sparing in this ardu 
ous service neither labor nor personal risk, he did much 
to improve and regulate that important branch of the 
service. 

When General Rosecrans on October 24, 1862, was 



MEMORIALS. 2/7 

ordered by the War Department to relieve General Buell 
after the Battle of Perryville, Lieutenant Colonel Ducat 
accompanied him to Bowling Green, and was assigned 
to duty as Chief of Staff and Assistant Inspector General 
at the headquarters of the forces afterwards known as 
the Army of the Cumberland. He continued to act as 
Chief of Staff until November 13, 1862, when he was 
relieved in that position by Lieutenant Colonel and As 
sistant Adjutant General Julius P. Gareschu. To these 
new duties Colonel Ducat brought the same qualities of 
activity, courage and thoroughness which had distin 
guished him under the same commander in his former 
service. 

With Chattanooga as its objective point the Army of 
the Cumberland, rested and reorganized, marched out of 
Nashville to meet and drive back General Bragg at the 
Battle of Stone s River, December 31, 1862. After the 
occupancy of Murfreesboro there occurred in June, 1863, 
the nine days campaign of Tullahoma. During the fol 
lowing September the Army of the Cumberland was called 
upon to perform those laborious, strategic marches which 
finally forced the abandonment of Chattanooga by the 
Confederate Army, and brought on the Battle of Chicka- 
mauga. For brave and meritorious conduct at Chicka- 
mauga he was honorably mentioned by General Rose- 
crans in his official report of that momentous event, as "a 
faithful officer brave, prompt and energetic in action." 

Officers who served in the Army of the Cumberland 
at this period unite in saying that to the energy and or 
ganizing skill of Colonel Ducat, and to his active exam 
ple of fidelity, was due in large part the efficiency of the 
Grand Guard and Outpost service of that army. It can 
be added that the general efficiency and discipline of the 
same army were largely advanced by the able and con- 



278 MEMORIALS. 

scientious performance of his duties in the Inspector 
General s Department. 

Upon the succession of General Thomas to the com 
mand of the Army of the Cumberland, Colonel Ducat 
was retained on duty in his former position, and on Jan 
uary 9, 1864, was announced in general orders as Inspec 
tor General of the Department. 

Broken in health by the fatigues and exposures of the 
previous years, Colonel Ducat found himself no longer 
physically able to bear the hardships of active service, 
and resigning his commission he returned to his home at 
Chicago in February, 1864. From that time to the 
moment of his death, January 29th, of the present year, 
his friends and fellow citizens can bear testimony to his 
high character and exemplary conduct in every relation 
of life. His services in the war were appropriately recog 
nized by the Brevet of Brigadier General of Volunteers. 
The Commandery will remember him as its fourth 
Commander, and remember also the loving and repeated 
hospitality with which he welcomed his Companions to 
Lindenwald, his beautiful home at Downer s Grove. 
Present at the organization of this Commandery he sym 
pathized with all its aspirations, all its joys and sorrows 
during its entire existence. 

In concluding this brief memorial of affection and 
respect, we desire to place upon record our deep sense 
of the loss sustained by his family, by his personal friends, 
and by our Commandery in the death of our late Com 
panion and friend. GEORGE L. PADDOCK, 

JOHN MCARTHUR, 
JOSEPH B. LEAKE, 
RICHARD S, TUTHILL, 
EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 

Committee, 




JAMES HUBERT McVICKER. 

Member of the Third Class. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
March 7, 



^TAMES HUBERT McVICKER, who died in this 
city the /th of March, 1896, was the oldest 
*^ theatrical manager in the United States at the 
time of his death. He was born in the city of New 
York, February 14, 1822, of Scotch-Irish parentage, and 
his family moved to St. Louis, Mo., in 1837, where he 
learned the printer s trade. He was a studious youth 
and occupied his leisure hours in study. In 1843 he first 
appeared on the mimic stage in the St. Charles Theatre, 
New Orleans, and five years later became the leading 
comedian in Mr. John B. Rice s theatre in Chicago. In 
1852 he made a professional tour through this country, 

279 



28<D MEMORIALS. 

and also visited Great Britain, appearing in Yankee 
characters. He built in 1857 a theatre (McVicker s) on 
the spot where now stands the theatre of that name. 
The former house was destroyed in the great fire of 1871, 
and was immediately rebuilt. In 1885 it was remodelled 
and improved in its internal construction. He became 
a manager in 1857, and continued as such to the time of 
his death. 

Mr. McVicker was a politician but never a partisan, 
and he was nominally a democrat all his life. When the 
war of the rebellion broke out, although affiliated in 
politics with men, a large portion of whom were strenu 
ously opposed to all war measures, he allied himself to 
the Senator Douglas faction and at once gave his earnest 
support to the Union cause. Two days after President 
Lincoln had issued his call for 75,000 volunteers, he was 
one of the prime movers in calling a mass meeting of the 
loyal citizens of Chicago to raise volunteer troops. He 
offered to present a silk flag to the first full company re 
cruited, and Captain Hardin s company of Infantry be 
came its possessor. His zeal in the patriotic work of 
raising troops continued, and when it became necessary 
later to obtain money by subscription to carry on the 
work, at a mass meeting of citizens held for that purpose 
he moved to place four subscription lists in the hands of 
solicitors for $1,000, $500, $250 and $100 respectively, 
pledging himself to head each of the lists. Later in the 
war he paid for two substitutes; one he never saw again, 
the other reported to him after the close of the war, poor 
and maimed, having lost a leg in battle. While this 
man was in Chicago for some years, Mr. McVicker looked 
after his welfare. 

He took an active interest in the great Sanitary Fair 
held in Chicago in 1864. After the close of the war, 



MKMORIALS. 2b I 

when the Veterans of the city and county found it neces 
sary to raise money by subscription to defray the ex 
penses of Decoration Day, Mr. McYicker, although then 
in moderate financial circumstances, gave as liberally as 
any other citizen, and when the money subscribed was 
being paid, he would say, "Boys, if you are short before 
you get through call again." In 1886 he was elected an 
honorary or Third Class member of this Cornmandery. 
The honor conferred on him was fully appreciated, he 
esteeming it a high privilege to be thus associated with 
officers who had served in the war. 

For a quarter of a century before his death he labored 
hard to lift the legitimate drama to a higher plane. 
Some fifteen years ago he wrote a paper, "The Press, 
the Pulpit and the Stage, " which he delivered as a 
lecture in this city, and afterwards to large audi 
ences in St. Louis, Cincinnati, Louisville, New York, 
Philadelphia, and other cities. The paper was thought 
ful, of marked ability, and was always well received by 
his hearers. 

Mr. McVicker in many respects was a rare man. He 
possessed much practical intelligence and independ 
ence of thought and action. Public spirited, he always 
favored any measures that were designed for the public 
good. Decided in his convictions, earnest and strong in 
his purposes, simple in his tastes, a hater of shams, of 
sturdy integrity, genial and generous in disposition, un 
ostentatious in his benefactions to the poor and unfortu 
nate, especially to those in the dramatic profession; he 
was a conspicuous citizen, a loyal friend, a kind father 
and a devoted husband. Of such a man it can be truly 
said, that the world was the better for his having lived 
in it. 

His Companions in this Cornmandery, deeply deplor- 



282 MEMORIALS. 

ing the loss they have sustained in his death, extend to 
his bereaved family their sincere sympathy and condolence. 

AUGUSTUS L. CHETLAIN, 
ALFRED T. ANDREAS, 
JOHN T. McAuLEY, 

Committee. 




ORRIN CHARLES TOWNE. 

/ _sY Lieutenant Klcrcntli Illinois Infantry, L nited States I olun- 
tccrs. Died at Pensacola, Florida, April /j, iSg6. 

IN MEMORY of Companion, First Lieutenant Orrin 
Charles Towne. Born in Pennsylvania in 1841. 
Died at Pensacola, Florida, April 13, 1896. The 
parents of Companion Towne settled in Winnebago 
County, Illinois, when he was a child, and he there grew 
to manhood upon the parental farm, obtaining such edu 
cation as the common schools of that day afforded. 

When the attack was made on Fort Sumter he was 
but nineteen years of age, but, having acquired some 
knowledge of military affairs as a member of Ellsworth s 
famous Zouaves, he was better equipped for the duties 
of a soldier in the war for the preservation of the Union 

283 



284 MEMORIALS. 

than most of the young men of his day and age. He 
was alive to the necessities of his country, and was 
among the first to offer his services in defense of its in 
stitutions and its flag. 

He enlisted April 24, 1861, and was made Corporal 
in Company D of the Eleventh Illinois Infantry, com 
manded first by the brave and chivalric W. H. L. 
Wallace, and later by the heroic Ransom. His first en 
listment was for three months, but on July 30, 1861, 
Companion Towne s Company was reorganized and 
mustered into service for three years, at which time he 
was made a Second Lieutenant, and he was promoted 
First Lieutenant on October 3, 1863, which rank he held 
until mustered out of service on July 29, 1864. During 
the year 1862 Companion Towne was selected for staff 
duty, and in that capacity served chiefly on the staff of 
Major General John McArthur, until his impaired health 
in 1864 disabled him from active service. 

At the expiration of his term of service, the same 
year, he was confined in the Officers Hospital at 
Memphis, where he was mustered out, but he concluded 
to remain at Memphis in the hope of regaining his 
health and being able to re-enter the service. During 
the period of his convalescence at Memphis he assisted 
in organizing a number of militia regiments for defensive 
duty, and in one of such commands he held the rank of 
Major. 

At the close of the war Companion Towne settled at 
Pecatonica, Winnebago County, Illinois, and was there 
engaged in the drug business, occupying at the same 
time the position of Postmaster. In 1885, having re 
moved to Chicago, he was appointed to a position in the 
office of the State Grain Inspector, and thereafter Chi 
cago was his home. 



MEMORIALS. 285 

Companion Towne was married at Rockford, Illinois, 
June 6, 1865, to Miss Aurelia Crary, who survives him. 
During the period of Lieutenant Towne s service in the 
army he suffered from a severe attack of pneumonia, the 
effects of which continued during all the remaining years 
of his life. In 1892 his physical condition had become 
so serious that in order to preserve his life he submitted 
to surgical treatment, the result of which was one of the 
marvels of modern surgery. He then knew that the 
span of his life was necessarily brief, and with but one 
chance in a thousand of surviving the severe surgical 
operation, he called to his aid that indomitable pluck 
and steadfastness of purpose so characteristic of the man 
as a soldier in the Hue of his duty, and bravely and un 
hesitatingly took the one chance. This episode in the 
life of Companion Towne displayed qualities so heroic 
and a purpose so resolute as to enlist the admiration as 
well as the sympathy of all who knew him. This treat 
ment was in a measure successful, and he so far recovered 
as to be able to make a trip to Southern California, and 
after a partial recovery in that climate he returned to 
Chicago in June, 1895; but soon thereafter, having con 
tracted a severe cold, in the hope of relief he went to 
Pensacola, Florida, where his strength gradually failed 
until April 13, 1896, \vhen the final summons came to 
him. 

Companion Towne was in the fullest sense a self- 
made man. The years which otherwise might have been 
devoted to the completion of his education were given 
to the service of his country, and at the close of the war 
he found himself broken in health as well as poor in 
pocket. Yet he was equal to every emergency, and 
wherever he went and wherever he was known he com 
manded the respect and confidence of every one. As a 



286 MEMORIALS. 

soldier he was aggressive, fearless and uncompromising; 
in peace he was gentle, courteous and generous to a 
fault. His was a manly spirit, and to his family and 
friends his life was a benediction. His patriotism was 
intense, and his sense of justice, manhood and right was 
of the highest order. 

Companion Towne was prominent in Masonic and in 
Grand Army circles, and was a member of the Crusader 
Commandery, Knights Templar, and of Nevius Post, 
G. A. R., of Rockford. He was also prominent in 
political circles, where his fidelity and wise counsel were 
recognized and appreciated. 

In compliance with one of his last requests this brave 
and loving friend was laid to rest in the cemetery at 
Rosehill, near all that was mortal of his old commander 
and comrade, General T. E. G. Ransom. 

In the death of Lieutenant Towne the Commandery 
of the State of Illinois loses a Companion whose record 
as a soldier was above reproach, whose character as a 
citizen was unsullied, and whose friendship was dear to 
us all. We hold his memory in reverential respect, and 
to his widow and family we tender our sincere and 
affectionate sympathy. 

JOHN H. STIBBS, 
FRANCIS A. RIDDLE, 
EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 

Committee. 




NICHOLAS GREUSEL. 

Colonel Thirty-sixth Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Auro)~a . Illinois, April ^5, i8q6. 

e^ONEL Nicholas Greusel died at Aurora, Illinois, 
Saturday, April 25, 1896. He was born at Blies- 
kastie, Germany, July 4, 1817, and received a fair edu 
cation there. In 1834 his father emigrated to the United 
States with his wife and ten children, and Nicholas at 
once commenced supporting himself, taking any work 
he could procure, and at all times performing it well 
and faithfully. 

At the outbreak of the Mexican War, he was em 
ployed in Detroit by Rice, Coffin & Co., lumber mer 
chants, and had been Captain and Major of local mili 
tary organizations. He raised a company for the First 

287 



288 MEMORIALS. 

Regiment, Michigan Volunteers, and was commissioned 
as Captain of Company D. He served with distinction 
through the war, and won the reputation of taking better 
care of his men than any other officer of the command. 

Returning to his old position, he still retained his in 
terest in military affairs, and served as Captain, and after 
wards Lieutenant Colonel, of the First Battalion of City 
Guards. In 1847 he was Superintendent of the City 
\Yater Works, and in 1848 Inspector General of Lumber 
for the State of Michigan. 

By an unfortunate investment, he lost the modest 
competency acquired by hard work, and found employ 
ment with the Michigan Central and afterwards with the 
Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy Railroad Company. He 
left their employ in 1861, recruited a company at Aurora, 
and was mustered into the three months service, April 
25, i 86 1, as Major of the Seventh Illinois Infantry Vol 
unteers; served at Alton, St. Louis, Cairo and Mound 
City, and was mustered out July 25, 1861, on expiration 
of term of service. September 23, 1861, he was mus 
tered in as Colonel of the Thirty-sixth Illinois Infantry 
Volunteers, and commanded that regiment, or the brigade 
of which it was a part, until February 7, 1863, when, 
broken in health and unable longer to endure the hard 
ships of military life, he tendered his resignation, which 
was reluctantly accepted by his superiors. During this 
period the regiment had been engaged in the battles of 
Pea Ridge, Perrysville, Stone s River, and many minor 
engagements and skirmishes, and through Colonel Greu- 
sel s drill and discipline, combined with a tender and 
almost fatherly care of the men, had attained a glorious 
renown and reputation, which it preserved throughout 
the war. 

As soon as Colonel Greusel s health was partially re- 



MEMORIALS. 289 

stored, he engaged in railway construction, afterwards in 
general business at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, and in 1893 
retired from business and returned to Aurora. He was 
elected a member of the Loyal Legion, June 2, 1886, 
through the Nebraska Commandery, transferred to the 
Iowa Commandery, and April 16, 1894, to the Illinois 
Commandery. 

Colonel Greusel was a noble type of those men, born 
in foreign lands, who gave to their adopted country a 
love and devotion which was strong even unto death, 
and an example which will not be forgotten. His mem 
ory will be preserved in the hearts of his fellow soldiers 
until we, too, shall have passed away, and in the archives 
of our Commandery our sons and their sons will read his 
record. 

To his wife, his loved companion for nearly fifty- 
seven years, and to his children, we tender our heartfelt 
sympathies. 

JOHN LYNCH, 
JOHN SARGENT, 
ALFRED T. ANDREAS, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM POTWIN MORGAN. 

Died at AsheriUe, North Carolina, June 14, iSqb. 

TT.GAIN we of a younger generation are called upon to 
f\ mourn the death of the "early loved and lost." 
^^ William Potwin Morgan was born in Rockford, 
Illinois, December /, 1865, and died at Asheville, North 
Carolina, June 14, 1896. After completing his studies 
in the public schools, he spent some time in Lafayette 
College, after which he took a special course in the Uni 
versity of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, and finished his edu 
cation abroad, chiefly at Coblentz and Vienna. He made 
a specialty of chemistry, and upon his return took charge 
of that department for the Chicago Varnish Company. 
He was also a director of said company, where he en 
deared himself to both the officials and employes, and in 

290 



MEMORIALS. 2QI 

his death they sincerely mourn a pleasant companion and 
true friend. He was married in October, 1893, and 
leaves a wife and one boy. As a Companion of this 
Commandery he was beloved by all, and it may truly be 
said of "Billy" that "none knew him but to love him." 
In his death we all feel that we have lost an earnest 
friend and brother. To his wife and son, also his father 
and family, we tender our sincere sympathy in this their 
sad bereavement, and now, as we pay this last tribute of 
regard to our dead Companion, we give to you, our 
seniors, our earnest gratitude for your priceless example 
of "fidelity to friendship," which we beg to assure you 
has descended from the fathers to the sons. 

HUGH R. BELKNAP, 
GEORGE C. BALL, 
JOHN T. STOCKTON, 

Committee. 




CHARLES EDWARD BLIVEX. 

Captain and Assistant Quartermaster and Krerct Major, L nited 
States Volunteers. Died at PJiiladelphia, Pennsvl- 
, August 2Q. iSgd 



TT.XOTHER of our comrades and a Companion of 
f\ this Order has fallen. Major Charles E. Bliven 
^^" died in Philadelphia on the 2Qth of August, 1896. 
He was born in Phelps, Ontario County, New York, on 
the 2 ist of September, 1835. In his early youth his 
parents removed to Toledo, Ohio, which was thereafter 
his home until he came to Chicago, in 1885. 

He volunteered early in the first year of the rebellion. 
By reason of his practical knowledge of telegraphy, and 
his well earned and high standing as an expert in that 
art, he was called on to aid in effecting the organization 

292 



MEMORIALS. 2Q3 

of our military telegraph system, and his intelligence and 
energy contributed most materially to its development, 
perfection and efficiency. 

In addition to his duties and services as an organizer 
and director of that system, he was very often made the 
confidant and adviser of the highest civil and military 
actors in that critical period of our history, and affairs of 
most momentous importance were committed and in 
trusted to him. The rare discretion and efficiency with 
which he met and discharged every duty and trust justi 
fied the high confidence reposed in his ability, patriotism 
and honor. After serving a year and a half in that field, 
he was prevailed upon by Colonel Moulton, the brother- 
in-law of General Sherman and Senator Sherman, to 
consent to be transferred to the less dangerous, but no 
less arduous, responsible and important duties of the 
Quartermaster s Department under General Meigs. Colo 
nel Moulton, who was connected with that branch of the 
service, residing in Toledo before and at the commence 
ment of the rebellion, knew Major Bliven intimately, and 
appreciated his ability, systematic methods, accuracy 
and integrity qualities so valuable and essential in the 
Quartermaster s Department. Major Bliven had declined 
Colonel Moulton s solicitation to enter that department 
at the beginning of the rebellion, believing he could ren 
der more efficient service in another field; and the 
benefit to his country resulting from his achievements 
justified his determination. 

He served in the Quartermaster s Department for 
over four years, being mustered out of the service over 
a year after the close of the war, with rank of Major. 

The statement of one fact alone will illustrate the 
remarkable accuracy, efficiency and integrity which char 
acterized his discharge of the duties in that department. 



294 MEMORIALS. 

The accountants of the United States in the auditor s 
office claimed to find an error of only thirty-three cents 
in his accounts, extending over a period of over four 
years, and involving the disbursement of many millions 
of dollars. It is believed that a parallel case cannot be 
found in the accounts of any other disbursing officer in 
the Quartermaster s Department during the rebellion. 

Soon after he was mustered out of the military service 
of the United States he engaged in the insurance busi 
ness. In that he attained eminent success. It is a trib 
ute to his ability, application and industry that he stood 
in the front rank of that profession. Few investigated 
as thoroughly the principles underlying sound insurance; 
few had his faculty of compiling and arranging statistics, 
and deducing therefrom the laws by which insurance is 
governed. 

He was a diligent student of the history of his own 
country, not only of the past, but of that, in making which 
he bore so honorable and influential a part. He was 
a thoughtful writer, and his style was remarkable for its 
conciseness. His contributions on many subjects relat 
ing to insurance are numerous and valuable. He was 
decided and tenacious in his opinions, which were formed 
deliberately and after careful investigation, and on lines 
of independent thought. 

He possessed a mind remarably quick and clear in 
apprehension, fertile in developing suggestions into prin 
ciples extending in scope, importance and influence far 
beyond the conception of the one from whom the sug 
gestion was received. 

His intense and unremitting study and mental appli 
cation accelerated, if it did not cause, the disease that 
ended his life. 

Lives of some men are measured by the years of their 



MEMORIALS. 295 

existence; others by their attainments, usefulness, and 
what they accomplish. His life belonged to the latter 
class. 

He was a steadfast friend; and in all relations of life 
was governed by broadest tolerance and generous char 
ity. No one ever heard him say anything unkind or un 
favorable of another. 

With sorrowing hearts we sympathize with his family 
in their great affliction, and offer this, our sincere tribute 
to his memory and to his worth as a man, a soldier, a 
citizen, comrade and Companion of our Order. 

MYRON H. BEACH, 
EUGENE GARY, 
A. F. DEAN, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM AVLRY. 

Lieutenant Colonel Ninety-fifth Illinois Infantry, United Slates Vol 
unteers. Died at Woodstock, Illinois, November 16, 1896. 

\ A 1 RONG not the dead with tears. A glorious, bright 
***i to-morrow endeth a wear} life of pain and sorrow. 
Swiftly and surely, but alas! too closely, we hear the 
clanging of that dread summons which calls from our 
ranks some one who has been esteemed, honored and 
loved. The twilight of our earthly course draws on 
apace, and in the glinting rays of the fading sun, we 
watch with tearful eyes the passing of some loved one to 
"The undiscovered country, from whose bourn no trav 
eler returns." 

Colonel Avery died at his home in Woodstock, Illi 
nois; he had a long and painful illness about three years 

296 



MEMORIALS. 

ago, which greatly undermined his constitution, and 
although he rallied again, yet he did not fully recover 
from its effects. His last illness dated back about five 
weeks, during which, in spite of the best medical atten 
tion and careful nursing, he continued to decline, and on 
Monday afternoon, November 16, 1896, he passed peace 
fully away. 

Colonel Avery was born in Erie County, Pennsylva 
nia, July 10, 1825, and was, therefore, seventy-one years 
and four months old at his death. He went to Marengo, 
Illinois, in the fall of 1857, and was employed by the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway as station agent. When 
President Lincoln called to arms three hundred thousand 
men in 1862, Companion Avery needed no urging to in 
duce him to respond to this imperative call. He left the 
employ of the Northwestern and immediately enrolled 
his name among his country s defenders. On the organ 
ization of Company A, of the Ninety-fifth Regiment, Illi 
nois Infantry Volunteers, he was elected Captain and 
mustered on the 4th of September, 1862. On the 24th 
of January, 1863, he was promoted to Major, and on the 
death of Colonel Humphrey at Guntown, he was pro 
moted to Lieutenant Colonel. He participated with his 
regiment in the battles of Champion s Hill, Siege of Vicks- 
burg, the Red River Campaign, Campaign against Price 
in Arkansas and Missouri, Nashville, Mobile and others. 
He was wounded in the charge on Vicksburg on May 22, 
1863, and was sent on a hospital boat to Memphis, and 
after being in the hospital at Memphis some time was 
sent home, subsequently rejoining his regiment at Nat 
chez. He remained with his regiment, participating in 
its marches, battles and skirmishes until the close of the 
war, returning to Marengo in August, 1865, and resum 
ing the place he left as station agent of the Chicago & 



298 MEMORIALS. 

Northwestern Railway. In 1882 he was elected County 
Clerk of McHenry County, moved to Woodstock, Illinois, 
and served very efficiently and acceptably for three terms 
- twelve years. 

Colonel Avery was married at Cleveland, Ohio, in 
1856, to Miss Mary P. Camp. Two daughters were born 
to them, Mary Ella and Katie. The latter died in Wood 
stock in 1886; Ella and her mother survive and deeply 
mourn the death of an affectionate father and devoted 
husband. 

Colonel Avery was eminently social, genial and gen 
erous. He was always popular in the army. Dignified, 
soldierly, courageous and chivalrous, he had the respect 
and confidence of his superior officers, and the love and 
respect of the rank and file. He was a father to the 
" boys," always looking after their comfort and always 
their friend. He was known throughout the regiment as 
"Pap" Avery his kindness of heart often overlooking 
the minor irregularities of the march or camp, so long as 
they did not interfere with proper military discipline, or 
with a soldier s duty, and hence he won the familiar ap 
pellation of "Pap " Avery, and the boys were ever ready 
to do cheerfully for him what they would be reluctant to 
do for others. He was a brave, true-hearted, big-brained 
soldier and comrade in arms; like Chevalier Bayard of 
old, "A knight without fear and without reproach." 

We shall mourn a leader gone, a wise counsellor, and 
the hand-clasp of a loved friend. The Companions of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion extend to the 
bereaved widow and daughter their sincerest sympathy 
and condolence in this the hour of their trial and sorrow. 

JAMES A. SEXTON, 
H. H. THOMAS, 
ED. A. BLODGETT, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM HENRY TAYLOR. 

First Lieutenant and Quartermaster Otic Hundred and Thirteenth 

Illinois Infantry, United States I olunlecrs. Died at Wilmettc, 

Illinois, December <?./, iSg6. 

ON December 24, 1896, our Companion Lieutenant 
William Henry Taylor, died at his home at Wil- 
mette in this County, the immediate cause of his 
death being paralysis, although he had been in failing 
health for some months. 

He was born at Argyle, New York, October 11, 
1834; came West in 1859, staying some time at Kanka- 
kee, Illinois, then removing to Watseka, Iroquois County, 
where he became Deputy Clerk of the Circuit Court of 
that County. 

On August 13, 1862, he enlisted as a private in the 

299 



3OO MEMORIALS. 

One Hundred and Thirteenth Regiment Illinois Volun 
teer Infantry, and on the next day was appointed Quarter 
master Sergeant, was promoted to First Lieutenant and 
Regimental Quartermaster to rank from July 12, 1864, 
and continued to serve in that capacity until June 20, 
1865, when he was mustered out with his regiment. 

Lieutenant Taylor was a faithful and efficient soldier, 
discharging every duty devolving upon him loyally and 
zealously. Since his return to civil life he has had an 
unusually honorable business career, having been for 
over thirty years continuously in the service of the Hart 
ford Fire Insurance Company, occupying during these 
years various responsible positions, for the last fifteen 
years, and up to the time of his death, that of Manager 
of the Loss Department of that Company in their West 
ern Department. 

He leaves surviving him his widow and four children, 
one son and three daughters, all married and living at 
Wilmette, with whom we sympathize in their great be 
reavement. We who knew him best can testify to his 
many good qualities. He was a good soldier, a good 
citizen, a true and genial friend. His loss will be sin 
cerely mourned by his Companions of the Loyal Legion 
and a large circle of friends and business associates. 

W. A. MCLEAN, 
A. J. HARDING, 
GEO. A. HOLLOWAY, 

Committee. 




ABRAM WILLIAMS. 

First Lieutenant and Quartermaster Sixth loica Caralry, i nitcd 
States I olunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, January 6, iSgj. 

evIPANION Abram Williams was born in Utica, New 
York, March 31, 1830. He died in Chicago, 
Illinois, January 6, 1897. His father was a man of 
business prominence and one of the Canal Commissioners 
of the State of New York. His paternal grandfather 
was a prominent minister of the Baptist faith. His 
maternal grandfather, Rev. Ezra Barnum, was a preacher 
and soldier of the Revolution. From such ancestry 
naturally came to him the courage, determination, high 
moral purpose and spiritual vigor, which were the con 
spicuous elements of his character. 

By the death of his father, at the age of fourteen, he was 

301 



302 MEMORIALS. 

thrown upon his own resources, and thenceforward made 
to breast the battle of life alone. Going to the city of 
New York at this early age, a stranger and alone, he 
secured employment in the importing house of Peter 
Murray. Diligence and merit found proper recognition 
here and deserved advancement followed. At the age of 
twenty he held the position of buyer in the then im 
portant mercantile house of William H. Gary & Co. and 
in 1852 he became a partner in the house of Sheldon, 
Harris & Williams, and was placed in charge of its Paris 
branch. Impaired health soon after compelled him to 
give up Paris and seek a different climate and business. 

In 1 856 he settled in Dubuque, Iowa then one of 
the leading business centres of the West and opened 
a general store. The panic of the following year in 
volved him in the general ruin, but with a spirit and 
courage as heroic as \vere ever found in battle, he in 
sisted that he alone should surfer by the failure of his 
venture, and by industry, economy and energy finally 
succeeded in paying every creditor in full; at that time an 
instance so rare as to be conspicuous, and proper to 
mention here, because it illustrates the quality of the man. 

At the beginning of the War of the Rebellion, he 
promptly resigned the position of Clerk of the County of 
Dubuque, which he then held, and entered the military 
service of his country as First Lieutenant of the Sixth 
Iowa Cavalry, afterwards becoming Acting Assistant 
Quartermaster on the Staff of General Scully. While 
this position kept him away from the front and the 
dangers of active battle, it gave opportunity for the exer 
cise of those fine business qualities, that firmness, vigi 
lance, incorruptible and persistent honesty, which were a 
part of his nature. His service in the position named 
was especially efficient and valuable, so much so as to 



MEMORIALS. 303 

receive meritorious mention. At one time, becoming 
dissatisfied with the dilatoriness of the Illinois Central 
Railroad in forwarding supplies to the front, he arbitrarily 
took possession of the road for and in the name of the 
government, and ran it till the needs of the army had 
been supplied, thus showing that not all of courage and 
generalship was at the front. 

In 1865, he again settled in Dubuque and engaged 
in the insurance business. His superior administrative 
ability was soon recognized, and he was made Manager 
of the Yonkers Insurance Company of New York. That 
company having been destroyed by the great Chicago 
fire, he was soon thereafter made Manager of the Western 
Department of the Continental Insurance Company of 
New York, and subsequently Manager of the Western 
Department of the Connecticut Insurance Company, 
which last position he held at the time of his death, 
prominent and responsible positions, all, which he filled 
with signal ability and success. In his chosen profession 
none stood higher, and among his business associates no 
one was more highly esteemed. 

Companion Williams was active but unostentatious 
in all charitable work. He possessed a deep religious 
nature; was a consistent member of Grace Episcopal 
Church of Chicago, active in its work and councils, and 
was at the time of his death, and had been for twenty- 
five years, its Senior Warden. 

In disposition he was gentleness itself. In his inter 
course with his fellows he was kind, courteous and con 
siderate; sincere in friendship, strong in conviction, in 
integrity complete. 

In closing, we can do no better than to quote from a 
memorial to him adopted elsewhere: 

" As a patriot he breasted the storm of war, as a 



304 MEMORIALS. 

business man he was faithful to every trust; as a Christian 

gentleman he stood without reproach." 

EUGENE GARY, 
CHAS. W. DREW, 
A. F. DEAN, 

Committee. 







JOHN EUGENE SMITH. 

Brigadier General and Brevet Major General, i nited States Volun 
teers, Colonel (Retired} and Brei ct Major General, i nited 
States Arm\. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
January 2g, iSq~j . 

^TOHN EUGENE SMITH was born in the Canton of 
Berne, Switzerland, August 3, 1816. His parents 
emigrated to America and settled at Philadelphia, 
December 24th of that year. While a young man he 
acquired a knowledge of watchmaking and the jeweler s 
business, a pursuit to which he afterward devoted him 
self. After abiding in St. Louis for several years he 
removed in 1836 to Galena, where he was residing at the 
opening of the year 1861. At this time he had estab 
lished himself as a merchant, had gained the respect and 
confidence of the people of his city and county, and had 

305 



3O6 MEMORIALS. 

been elected to important civic office. A public spirited 
citizen, a person of attractive presence and inherited 
military aptitudes, he had already taken a prominent 
part in a local military company. He stood out plainly 
among those upon whom at that time the people of his 
part of the state were fixing their eyes as leaders in the 
conflict known to be approaching. The records of this 
Commandery show that he reported for duty at Spring 
field as Aide to Governor Yates, April 15, 1861; was 
mustered in as Colonel Forty-fifth Illinois Infantry Vol 
unteers July 23, 1861; honorably discharged December 

14, 1862; accepted appointment as Brigadier General of 
Volunteers, December 15, 1862; Brevetted Major General 
of Volunteers, January 12, 1865; honorably mustered out 
of the Volunteer service April 30, 1866; appointed Col 
onel Twenty-seventh United States Infantry, July 28, 
1866; brevetted Major General United States Army, 
March 2, 1867; assigned to Fifteenth Infantry, December 

15, 1870; transferred to Fourteenth Infantry, December 
20, 18/0; retired as Colonel United States Army, May 
19, 1 88 1. 

These dates mark a space of nearly twenty years of 
volunteer and regular service. That service included 
the operations at Henry and Donelson; the expedition 
up the Tennessee, Shiloh, Corinth and the Mississippi 
Campaign, the Yazoo expedition, the series of battles in 
the rear of Vicksburg, and the siege and capture of Vicks- 
burg itself; also Chattanooga, the Atlanta and Georgia 
Campaigns and the march with Sherman to the sea. After 
these events in the war for Union, there came to him the 
labors, the hazards and the responsibilities of military 
life upon the Indian frontier that sad yet noble and 
necessary work in which the Army of the United States 
has so often stood as sole conservator of peace and law, 



MEMORIALS. 3O/ 

between the worst passions of the worst men of two 
hostile races. In that duty General Smith spent the 
greater part of the closing years of his active career. 

\Yith him, command of men was a real and actual 
thing. His conduct of the forces under him, whether a reg 
iment, a brigade, a division or a district of independent 
posts, as at Etowah, appears to have met with unvarying 
approval from his superiors. At Donelson, Wallace com 
mends him for meritorious behavior in action; at Shiloh, 
Marsh; at Vicksburg, McClernand. In July, i cS64, his 
Division of the Fifteenth Army Corps occupies Allatoona 
Pass, and the regions round about, with headquarters at 
Cartersville. General Sherman then writes to him: " I 
regard Allatoona of the first importance in our future 
plans. It is a second Chattanooga. I will soon be in 
motion again, and will feel more confidence that I know 
you are at Allatoona. " Many years after the sending of 
this letter, General Grant in his Memoirs speaks of 
Smith s Division at Missionary Ridge. He says, "J. E. 
Smith, with two brigades charged up the west side of the 
ridge to the support of Corse s command over open 
ground and in the face of both artillery and musketry, 
and reached the very parapet of the enemy." He tells 
how they were forced back, how they reformed, and 
how they again advanced on that victorious day. 

General Smith was the sixth Commander of the Com- 
mandery, succeeding General Stiles. He was deeply in 
terested in all its objects, and appreciated its compan 
ionships, but latterly was prevented by failing health 
from attendance at its meetings. In April last he sum 
moned his waning energies to visit Galena, in order to 
join with faltering steps in the ceremonies there held in 
honor of the memory of General Grant. From that 
perilous journey he returned with health and strength 



308 MEMORIALS. 

greatly impaired. At last the long evening of that busy 
and useful life neared its end; and the end was January 
29, 1897. He died at his home amid his household and 
kindred, after some years of great suffering borne with 
great fortitude. 

The hills and slopes that encompass Galena are beau 
tiful with a grace and roundness denied to our cities of 
the prairie. One of those gentle elevations is called 
Greenwood. There, in the language of another, his 
neighbor and friend, "a modest but expressive monu 
ment now marks the grave of one of Galena s most dis 
tinguished soldiers" John E. Smith. This Commandery 
desires to keep his name and faithful services in enduring 
remembrance, and to assure his family of its deep sym 
pathy in their loss. 

GEO. L. PADDOCK, 
JOSEPH B. LEAKE, 
RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 

Committee. 







GEORGE STEVENS ROPER. 

Captain ami Commissary of Subsistence and Brevet Major, L nited 
Stales Volunteers. Died at Rockford, 
Illinois, / ^ebruary 



STEVENS ROPER was born in Worcester 
County, Massachusetts, on January 28, 1832, and 
at the time of his death in Rockford, Illinois, at 
2:30 o clock on the morning of February 3, 1897, had 
just completed his sixty-fifth year. 

Erom his native place when a boy he removed with 
his parents to Western Pennsylvania, and there grew to 
young manhood, with such advantages for education as 
the schools of that neighborhood afforded. 

At the early age of eighteen years he began the seri 
ous duties of life as a teacher in the common schools of 

309 



3IO MEMORIALS. 

Pennsylvania, and later became a clerk in mercantile 
business. In 1854 he removed to Springfield, Illinois, 
where he became a clerk and bookkeeper in the dry goods 
establishment of S. M. Tinsley & Co,, and later was a 
partner with Edward R. Ulrich, under the style of Ulrich 
& Roper, lumber dealers, and conducted the business of 
that firm at Alton, Illinois, until 1859, when he returned 
to Springfield and again engaged in business there. 

It was during the years of his residence in Springfield 
prior to 1861, that Companion Roper established friendly 
and intimate relations with Abraham Lincoln, Stephen 
A. Douglas, Richard Yates and many other distinguished 
and historic men who made the capital of Illinois famous 
in that era as the gathering place of many of the greatest 
characters of the nineteenth century. 

Prior to 1861 Roper had been Secretary of the Spring 
field Library Association, and it was his relation to that 
organization which brought him into confidential inti 
macy with Douglas and Lincoln. He was a loyal ad 
mirer of Senator Douglas, and gave to that distinguished 
citizen his hearty support in the memorable campaign of 
1858; but serious thoughtfulness of the political issues of 
that day as they were presented in private conversation 
and public discourse by our martyred President, made 
him an enthusiastic lover of Abraham Lincoln. 

It is an easy thing to-day for one reared in the school 
of Jeffersonian democracy to condemn human slavery 
and denounce in unmeasured terms the unspeakable 
atrocity of the fugitive slave law. It was different in 
1860. The manacles of tradition then still had their 
grasp both upon the old and the young, and the apostles 
of human liberty were regarded as a band of disturbing 
fanatics rather than the forerunners of that superb na 
tional life, the chief glory of which is the maintenance of 



MEMORIALS. 311 

a political society in which every human soul shall have 
the same rights under the law, and the same untram- 
meled opportunity for the achievement of every aspira 
tion common to the race of man. 

Companion Roper was a lineal descendant of King 
Philip of the Pequods, and from that, if from no other 
ancestral source, he had inherited a love of human free 
dom and hatred of everything which fetters either the 
action or destiny of the individual. How natural it was 
then for such a spirit, awakened to a sense of duty by 
the swirl of the task-master s lash, and the groans of 
helpless bondmen, to join with all his heart and all his 
splendid energy in that wonderful campaign which re 
sulted in the election of Lincoln to the Presidency in 
November, 1860. 

It was under such circumstances that our Companion 
sang with such impressive effect the songs of liberty, and 
it was in that memorable contest that by a charm of 
manner and in tones of melody seldom equaled, he 
aroused in the hearts of multitudes impulses which will 
cease to beat only when the love of liberty and the hope 
of glory no longer control the human heart. 

When the cloud of war came in 1861, and the great 
hero of his young manhood called for men-at-arms to 
defend the nation s life, Companion Roper was swift to 
offer his strength, his life and his patriotic services under 
his country s flag. His first services were rendered under 
the Military Department of the State Government of Illi 
nois, but on September 9, 1861, he was commissioned a 
Captain and Commissary of Subsistence in the Union 
army, and reported immediately to General George H. 
Thomas, at Crab Orchard, Kentucky, for duty. From 
that time on until the war closed, including the battles 
of Mill Springs, Perryville and Chickamauga, to use his 



3 I 2 MEMORIALS. 

own words, he "participated in all the marches and 
campaigns intervening in which the troops under the im 
mediate command of General George H. Thomas took 
any part/ 

He continued to serve on the personal staff of General 
Thomas until subsequent to the battle of Murfreesboro, 
when he was assigned first to the staff of General John 
M. Schofield, then to that of General James B. Steed- 
man, and later to that of General J. M. Brannan. 

On May 24, 1864, he was by the order of General 
Sherman assigned to duty on the military railroads cen 
tering in Nashville, Tennessee, and was thereafter under 
the immediate command of General D. C. McCallum. 

Companion Roper, after the battle of Mill Springs, 
and in January, 1862, was brevetted Major and Commis 
sary of Subsistence, and his military services were ren 
dered under that rank until January 28, 1866, when he 
was mustered out. He returned at once to his home 
and engaged in business, first at St. Louis, then at Alton, 
and finally located at Rockford, in this State, where in 
1880 he organized the Manufacturers and Merchants 
Mutual Insurance Company, and, as Secretary of that 
corporation, he conducted with great success its business 
affairs until the day of his death. 

To write the military history and recount the military 
services of Companion Roper, would be to recall the 
splendid triumphs and unsurpassed achievements of that 
ever brilliant military organization known to history as 
the Army of the Cumberland, and to assign to him no 
inconspicuous part in the gallant achievements and 
meritorious successes of that heroic command. The 
services which he gave to his country from 1861 to 1866 
were a part of those unrequited sacrifices which contrib 
uted to the establishment of permanent peace in our own 



MEMORIALS. 313 

country and to the exaltation of our country s flag and 
our country s name in other lands. They were the sacri 
fices and services of an heroic soul marching steadfastly 
along the line of fully appreciated duty. They were not 
given grudgingly or hesitatingly, but were given spontan 
eously, because they were the offering of a patriotic 
heart, and courageously, because they were the tribute 
of a knightly spirit, "without fear and without reproach," 
to a cause that was righteous. 

Major Roper was three times married; first to Miss 
Louisa B. George of Pennsylvania, who died in Spring 
field, Illinois, after there had been born to them three 
sons Mahon F., now deceased, and George D. and Ed 
ward U. Roper, who still survive him. His second mar 
riage was to Miss Almira S. Bangs, at that time Principal 
of the public schools in Springfield, Illinois, and who 
lived but a few months after her marriage. He was sub 
sequently married to Miss Roxy G. Conklin of Michigan, 
now his surviving widow. 

Thus was born, and reared and lived, George Stevens 
Roper, whose life was precious to every one of us, and 
whose memory will reverently abide with us all. 

What shall we say of such a life, of such a genial 
friend, and of such a royal Companion ? He was a man 
whose good qualities were without number, and whose 
ill ones, if any, were unknown. He was as gentle as a 
woman, trustful as a child, and his heart took in all men, 
all sects, and all creeds. Too noble in his soul to doubt 
and too large-hearted to bear malice, the world was to 
him a place in which to do good, and where the right- 
hearted could find in every human being some quality 
worthy of kindly recognition. If in his judgment a man 
strayed from the high purpose of his being, or if a woman 
erred, there was always in his philosophy a place for re- 



314 MEMORIALS. 

pentance. This hopeful spirit, this broad philanthropy, 
this tender consideration for the weaknesses of his fel 
lows, made him loved of men even as he loved men. 
The value of such a life is not and cannot ever be fully 
appreciated until its lamp has gone out. But what would 
the world be without the example of such lives, and 
without such high ideals? Roper will not be remem 
bered because he acquired wealth in the avenues of trade 
and commerce; no monument will be erected to his mem 
ory because of any achievement by him in the fields of 
science, or art, or literature; but his noble deeds and his 
eloquent life will speak forever in his just praise. He was 
indeed a fit representative of that wide republic whose 
citizenship is made up from that innumerable band of 
heroic yet gentle souls, who in their fraternal compan 
ionship are all "Princes of the line royal." 

Who of us can ever forget the kindly grasp of his 
hand, the pleasant sound of his tender voice, the reassur 
ing effect of his ever welcome presence ? How shall we 
appreciate the good which has flowed from contact with 
such a loving character ? How pleasing is the memory 
which he leaves behind him! How many doubts and 
sorrows have been smoothed away by the touch of his 
sympathy, by his kindly word of cheer, by his sincere 
counsel, and by his courageous admonitions as he walked 
among us from day to day. His was a strong, robust, 
cheerful, beautiful, loving manhood. His was a courage 
which in the vicissitudes of life grew stronger in time of 
trial. His every purpose was softened by the monitions 
of a tender conscience, and by a feeling that there was 
ever yet to be reached something nobler and better in life. 

The rhythm, the pathos and the hope which animat 
ed him were revealed and expressed in the songs he so 
often sang to us; and these songs were the evidence of 



MEMORIALS. 3 I 5 

an unshaken faith that in the "land beyond the river" 
he would find a "sweet forever" "where they ring the 
golden bells for you and me." Unseen hands have rung 
the golden bells for our dear Companion, and the Om 
niscient King has commanded his spirit to be free. The 
same august Commander will yet ring the golden bells 
for us. And so it is, that of our cherished Companion, 
with all that made life dear to him, and with all that 
made him lovable to us, we have only the memory that 
clings about our hearts. As we approach that bourne 
whither our Companion has already gone, we realize 
that the shadows for us are lengthening to the East. If 
no gleam of hope comes to us in the setting sun of life, 
then thick darkness will cover us, and the longing after 
immortality must be stifled in despair. Already we step 
high lest we stumble and fall over the little billows of 
earth which cover the forms of our loved and lost. The 
earthly form which held for a time the intrepid spirit of 
Companion Roper was placed within the narrow house 
which in due time we must all inhabit. Winter will come 
and cover with its mantle of white the unsightly mound, 
perennial spring will clothe in beauteous verdure the turf 
above him, innocent birds will sing in the drooping 
branches that wave over his grave, the tide of life will 
rise and fall, the bustle of commerce will charm us with 
its din of echoes, and the struggling multitudes will press 
forever on, but our Companion will heed them not. The 
Divine attribute which made him immortal is not there. 
Within the cerements which enclose his mouldering clay 
lies all, if aught there was to mar the beautiful symme 
try of his life. He has pushed aside the veil, he has 
opened the portals, and crossed the threshold which 
divides the illimitable eternity of the past from the limit 
less cycle of the future, and clothed with every good 



316 MEMORIALS. 

deed he has gone as a valiant prince to meet the merited 
welcome of his King. 

To his family we offer our affectionate condolences, 
and invoke for them the gracious favor of the Loving 
Father of us all. 

JOHN H. SHERRATT, 
FRANCIS A. RIDDLE, 
C. F. MATTESON, 

Committee. 




SAMUEL COLEMAN BLAKE. 

Ala/or and St{} gcon Thirty-ninth Illinois Infantry, United States 
I oluntecrs. Died at Chicago, Illinois, February 6, 1897. 

I HE death of our Companion Dr. Samuel C. Blake 
^ has cast a deep gloom over a loving family and a 
wide circle of devoted friends. 

Dr. Blake was born in Bath, Maine, on the 25th day 
of July, 1826. He sprang from a revolutionary family, 
his grandfather, John Blake, having served as a youth of 
eighteen years in the Continental Army. In the com 
pany of his cousin, Captain Dearborn, afterwards Major 
General Dearborn, after whom Fort Dearborn and also 
Dearborn Street in Chicago were named, John Blake 
took part in the battle of Bunker Hill, participated in 
the festivities at the laying of the corner stone of Bunker 

317 



3l8 MEMORIALS. 

Hill Monument, and was one of the thirteen survivors of 
that battle who were present at the completion of the 
monument. On the maternal side Dr. Blake was con 
nected with John Hancock, the first signer of the Declara 
tion of Independence. His father, Rev. S. P. Blake, 
was a member of the Maine Annual Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church for half a century. 

Samuel C.. Blake received his academical education 
at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, and on the 2oth of 
July, 1853, he graduated from the Medical Department 
of Harvard University. He served as house-physician 
in the Massachusetts general hospital one year. Having 
practiced medicine in Boston three years and a half, he 
came to Chicago in 1856. At that time there was but 
one medical college " Rush " and only one hospital 
("Mercy") here. In 1858, in connection with the late 
Professor Brainard, Dr. DeLaskie Miller and J. P. Ross, 
he leased the old City Hospital building and organized 
the second hospital in the city. 

In 1 86 1, he assisted in the organizing of the Thirty- 
ninth Illinois, and when the regiment was not promptly 
accepted, he applied for and received the position of 
Surgeon in the Nineteenth Illinois Volunteers, which 
regiment he accompanied to Missouri. Here he was de 
tailed on the Staff of General Hurlbut, and ordered to 
inspect the regimental hospital at Quincy, Illinois, which 
duty he performed with great credit to himself. 

At Quincy he organized a general military hospital, 
which was continued during the war. 

After the Thirty-ninth Illinois was mustered into the 
service, Dr. Blake was appointed its Surgeon. In Janu 
ary, 1862, he was detached from his regiment and or 
dered to organize a brigade hospital at Hancock, Mary 
land. He remained in charge of it until the troops were 



MEMORIALS. 3IQ 

ordered to advance to Winchester, Virginia. During 
General Banks s campaign in the Shenandoah Valley he 
was detailed to take charge of the general hospital of 
the army at Mount Jackson, Virginia. He there organized 
three large hospitals, and upon the retreat of the army 
to Strassburg, Virginia, he organized a large field hos 
pital, in which he administered to the comfort of a thou 
sand sick and wounded soldiers of both armies. His 
great professional skill and deep devotion to duty were 
highly appreciated by his superior officers, as the follow 
ing brief abstracts from letters addressed to him may 
serve to show: 

Dr. Thomas Antisell, Brigade Surgeon of Volunteers 
and Medical Director of the First Division, Department 
of the Shenandoah, writes to him from the General 
Headquarters near Edenburg, Virginia, on the I2th of 
April, 1862, among other things as follows: "Dear Sir: 
I have had ample opportunity of estimating your ability 
as a hospital surgeon, and feel much pleasure in being 
able to testify to the care and devotion bestowed by you 
on the men, and of the professional skill displayed on 
many occasions where the service required it. In field 
hospitals, where many things needful for the comfort of 
the sick soldiers have to be improvised, a faithful devo 
tion to duty and self-sacrifice are qualities eminently 
needed; in your display of these I have also been witness, 
and I can record my complete approval and satisfaction 
with your conduct at the Brigade Hospital, Hancock." 

Thomas O. Osborne, the brave old Colonel com 
manding the Thirty-ninth Illinois Volunteers, writes to 
Dr. Blake from his headquarters at Harrison s Landing 
on the 5th of August, 1862, as follows: 

"My dear old Surgeon: If at any time you should 
need my good offices, they shall be freely given you, for that 



32O MEMORIALS. 

good name and reputation which you won for yourself and 
my regiment in the medical department of the army in the 
field, and I cannot forget that high and never-to-be-for 
gotten compliment paid me as your commanding officer 
by Major General Williams in your behalf for your distin 
guished services when in charge of the general hospital." 

Owing to the severe exposures incident to his service 
and the great responsibilities resting upon him, his health 
became seriously impaired and he found himself com 
pelled to retire from the service. In 1863 he was County 
Physician of Cook County, and from 1865 to 1866, City 
Physician. This was during the last cholera epidemic 
which visited Chicago. There was at that time no 
Superintendent of Health, no medical inspectors, and 
no sanitary police force. The duties devolving upon the 
Doctor were arduous and exacting, but he performed 
them with the same perseverance and devotion which had 
characterized his work in the army. In 1868 the Doctor 
was a member of the Board of Supervisors of Cook 
County, and it is mainly due to his indefatigable efforts 
that during that year the foundation for the County 
Hospital was laid, which since that time has become 
one of the most important and beneficent public institu 
tions in the northern part of this State. 

The Doctor was also instrumental in establishing the 
Women s and Children s Hospital of Chicago, and he 
served on the medical staff of these institutions for sev 
eral years. As a member of the Woman s Medical Col 
lege of this city he occupied the chair of Diseases of 
4< Mind and Nervous System " for seven years. He was 
also a Fellow of the Massachusetts State Medical Society, 
of the American Medical Association, of the Illinois State 
Medical Society, of the Chicago Medical Society and 
Consulting Neurologist of Wesley Hospital. 



MEMORIALS. 321 

Throughout his whole life Dr. Samuel C. Blake 
proved himself to be true to every duty which he was 
ever called upon to perform. He had a high conception 
of his splendid calling, which to him was a celestial god 
dess to guide him in relieving the sick and wounded and 
restoring them to health and strength. Endowed with 
a kind heart and profoundly learned in his science, he 
consecrated his whole life to noble deeds of humanity 
and the best efforts of an exalted existence. The death 
of such a man leaves a void not only in the circle of his 
sorrow-stricken companions in arms but throughout the 
city. To his bereaved family we express our profound- 
est sympathy. 

EDMUND ANDREWS, M. D., 
WILLIAM VOCKE, 
WILLIAM 13. KEELER, 

Committee. 




JOHN BINES FIDLAR. 

First Lieutenant Twenty-fifth Joica Infantry, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Davenport, fozua, March 22, i8g~j. 

O ORN in Hebron, Ohio, March 16, 1839; died in 
*lj Davenport, Iowa, March 22, 1897. Sacrifice is 
the measure of worth. The full stature of a man 
is the sum of deeds done for others. Patriotism is but 
another name for comradery. The country men die for, 
is an essence that is a part of all the people. To brave 
death for one s country means to brave death for neigh 
bors, for neighbors neighbors whom we have never seen, 
but to whom we are bound by that invisible chord, human 
love. Companion Fidlar was a patriot in every sense of 
the word. In August, 1862, he enlisted as a private in 
the Twenty-fifth Iowa Infantry Volunteers. He was 

322 



MEMORIALS. 323 

with his regiment in the battles of Arkansas Post, Vicks- 
burg, Jackson, luka, Cherokee Station and many others. 
At Cherokee Station he was seriously wounded. By 
untiring attention to duty and meritorious conduct, par 
ticularly at Vicksburg when his prompt decision and 
bravery saved a rout, he was steadily promoted. His 
regimental record is the best evidence of his worth as a 
soldier and comrade. 

August 14, 1862, enlisted and was made First Ser 
geant of Company D, Twenty-fifth Iowa Volunteers. 
February 5, 1863, promoted to Second Lieutenant. May 
9, 1863, promoted to First Lieutenant. June 6, 1865, 
mustered out. 

It the close of the war, he returned to the position 
of Express Agent at Burlington, Iowa. In 1870 he was 
appointed to a position in the First National Bank of 
Davenport, and was afterwards its Cashier for seventeen 
years, when he resigned to go into business for himself. 
He was enterprising and energetic. He was quick to 
see and quick to execute. The same nerve that he dis 
played on the battle field was exercised as a cashier and 
in business generally. To promote new enterprises that 
would benefit his city he was liberal in his investments 
and free with his time and energy. 

He leaves a widow and one son, and this Com- 
mandery unites with them and his hosts of friends to 
mourn his departure. 

M. L. MARKS, 

MONROE EBI, 

P. W. MCMANUS, 

Committee. 




AXEL SMEDBERG ADAMS. 

Captain Second Cavalry, United States Army. Died at Chicago, 
Illinois, March 18, 1897. 

TT,XEL SMEDBERG ADAMS was born at his father s 
[\ country seat, " Devasego Falls, " near Prattsburg, 
^" Greene County, New York, August 24, 1843. He 
died at Chicago, Illinois, March 18, 1897. 

His father, William Adams, was a cotton factor, and 
resided in New York City. He was a boy of gentle, 
studious habits and strong artistic tastes; was educated 
in private schools, later devoted some time to the study 
of art, produced sketches and paintings showing much 
talent and, but for the outbreak of the war, would prob 
ably have made that his chosen profession. 

He became a member of the Twenty-second Regi- 

324 



MEMORIALS. 325 

ment Infantry, National Guard of the State of New York, 
and was made a Corporal in May, icS62. At that time, 
and again in 1863, his regiment was mustered into the 
United States service, and sent to the front for brief 
periods. 

In February, 1865, he enlisted in the Fourteenth 
United States Infantry, was appointed Sergeant, March 
i, 1865, passed his examination for Second Lieutenant, 
was commissioned as such to date from May 3, 1865; 
promoted to First Lieutenant, July 6, 1865; promoted 
to Captain, November 27, 1868, and resigned October 
26, 1869. 

After having received his commission as Second Lieu 
tenant, he joined his regiment, Second United States 
Cavalry, at Winchester, Virginia, and in October, 1865, 
moved with it to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. His ser 
vice from that time was entirely in the Western States 
and Territories, engaged in scouts and marches and In 
dian fighting. 

In November, 1869, he came to Chicago and, after a 
brief stay, went to Fitchburg, Kentucky, where he was 
employed in iron works about three years, then to New 
York City, and remained in his father s employ until 
1876. From 1876 to 1889 he was employed at Oil City, 
Pennsylvania, most of the time as book-keeper in a mer 
cantile establishment. He then returned to Chicago, 
and engaged in the business of an expert accountant, in 
which capacity he gave entire satisfaction to his em 
ployers. 

A man exquisitely neat in his person and surroundings, 
careful, methodical and painstaking in his work, he made 
comparatively few general acquaintances, but those who 
knew him loved him well. 

This Commandery will remember him as one who 



326 MEMORIALS. 

served his country in the time of need, and tenders its 

sympathies to his sorrowing relatives. 

GEORGE K. BRADY, 
DANIEL ROHINSON, 
RICHARD KOUINS, 

Committee. 




JOHN YOUNG OLIVER. 

Died at Dctit er, Colorado, April g, iSg*j. 

Y. OLIVER, a member of the Illinois Com- 
mandery by inheritance, Insignia No. 5144, was 
*^ born in Monroe, Michigan, December 14, 1853, 
and died at Denver, Colorado, April 9, 1897. He was 
the son of Brigadier General John M. Oliver, who served 
with distinction through the Civil War, in the Army of 
the Tennessee. Although but a child of tender years at 
the beginning of the war, he accompanied his father 
through all the campaigns of the Army of the Tennessee, 
never leaving him, either in battle, bivouac or camp. 
Shortly after the war closed, at the age of fifteen years, 
he entered the Naval Academy at Annapolis, and during 
the course of his studies, circumnavigated the globe on 

327 



328 MEMORIALS. 

the veteran man-of-war, Constitution." Upon his 
graduation he severed his connection with the Navy, 
entering upon a business life. In the early seventies, 
Mr. Oliver took a position with the Pullman Palace Car 
Company, at Pullman, Illinois, but early associations 
and training had left with him a martial spirit which 
never forsook him. The organization of the First Regi 
ment Infantry, Illinois National Guards, offered him the 
opportunity of once more gratifying this taste. He en 
listed in Company C of this regiment, and soon became 
its First Sergeant, serving with distinction as enlisted 
man and commissioned officer. His thorough knowledge 
of minor tactics, the school of the soldier and of the 
company, and of the customs of the service, together 
with his tact and strict discipline, contributed in a large 
measure to the victories of his Company at many prize 
drills and contests, notably that with the Chickasaw 
Guards of Memphis, at St. Louis, in 1880. He earned 
for himself the name of being the best qualified First 
Sergeant in the National Guard of the entire country. 
He also won laurels during the railroad riots of 1877, 
and the labor and anarchistic troubles of 1879. After 
having been commissioned as First Lieutenant of Com 
pany C, First Infantry, Illinois National Guard, he left 
the service in 1881, and in 1882 was married to Miss 
Minnie F. Towne, now his widow. Soon after this, he 
was tendered the position of General Manager for the 
American Smelting Company at Leadville, Colorado, 
which position he retained for ten years. During his 
residence in Colorado, Mr. Oliver was elected twice to 
the State Senate. He performed his political duties 
equally as well and conscientiously as those of his former 
military life. While residing in Canon City, Colorado, 
he drilled the Commandery of Knights Templar, and 



MEMORIALS. 329 

while a resident of Leadville, he drilled the Knights of 
Pythias, and enabled them to win three prizes in com 
petitive contests. From Leadville Mr. Oliver went to 
Denver, and became connected, as Secretary and Treas 
urer, with the "Mine and Smelter Supply Company," 
which position he held at the time of his death. 

To the members of this Commandery, Companion 
Oliver was not well known. Those of us who did know 
him, however, sorrow in the loss of a manly Companion 
and an affectionate friend. 

To his bereaved family, this Commandery offers its 
sympathy. With them it shares the consolation that for 
him life was a success, well filled and rounded out with 
completeness, in all parts where he participated or 
directed. 

EDGAR D. SWAIN, 
CHARLES R. E. KOCH, 
GEO. V. LAUMAN, 

Committee. 




STUART McENTEE. 

Died at Chicago, Illinois, April 2g, 

3TUART McENTEE was born at Albany, New 
York, November 6, 1869. In 1876 he came 
with his parents to Chicago, which has since been 
his home. After preparation at Shattuck, in Faribault, 
Minnesota, he entered Racine College. The year fol 
lowing he matriculated at Harvard University, but failing 
health compelled him to abandon the course he had 
planned and he returned home to undertake the pursuit 
of business. His membership in this Order dates from 
January, 1893, and was derived through his father, 
Colonel Charles Stuart McEntee, who survives him. 

To most of the younger men in the Commandery, 
and to many of the elder ones, Stuart McEntee was 

330 



MEMORIALS. 331 

familiarly known. Of genial and gentlemanly bearing, 
he met men readily and won them easily. Those who 
knew him were impressed with his fervent patriotism 
and his devotion to the principles for which the Loyal 
Legion stands. The last two years of his life were years 
of constant suffering. A lingering malady tested his 
heroism, which was not found wanting. Those of us 
who saw him at the meetings of the Commandery, felt 
the unfailing cheer of his greeting. Never were we per 
mitted by his manner to suspect that he was looking into 
the face of death. 

The winter just past he spent under his father s care 
in the mild Southwest, and when it became apparent 
his life was nearing its close, the long journey homeward 
was begun. He rallied to meet the fatigue of travel and 
rejoiced in reaching home, but he lingered only a few 
days, and on the 29th of April, came his final relief from 
pain. 

When the veteran of many battles is laid to rest, full 
of years and honors, the sense of his life s completeness 
softens our grief. But when the young man, in whom 
are soldierly qualities and promises of an honorable 
career, is stricken down at the very outset, we reflect 
with sadness on what he might and would have been. 
It is thus with Stuart McEntee. We who remain sorrow 
in the loss of a manly Companion and an affectionate 
friend. To his bereaved family this Commandery offers 
its sympathy, and with them it shares the consolation 

that for him 

" Danger s troubled night is o er, 
And the morn of peace returned." 

JOHN R. MONTGOMERY, 
WILLIAM S. LOVE, 
H. M. SLAVMAKER, 

Committee. 




DANIEL CURTIS ROUNDY. 

i\Iajor and Surgeon Thirty-seventh Wisconsin Infantry, United 
States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, June 23, 



eJFANION Daniel Curtis Roundy, a member of the 
Commandery, was born at Spafford, Onondaga 
County, New York, on the 22d day of November, 1824, 
and died at Chicago, Illinois, June 23, 1897, in his sev 
enty-third year. 

Companion Roundy first came to Chicago in 1838, 
and six years later he graduated from the high school in 
St. Charles, Illinois. After taking a course in the study 
of medicine, he located in Walworth County, Wisconsin, 
where he was married in 1849 to Miss Jane E. Young, 
who died at Asheville, North Carolina, a few years ago. 
In 1859, while a resident of Geneva, Wisconsin, he 

332 



MEMORIALS. 333 

was commissioned Captain of a Company of State Militia 
known as the "Geneva Independents." Immediately 
after President Lincoln s call for troops, he tendered his 
services to the Governor of his State, recruited a com 
pany, and on April 25, 1861, was commissioned Captain 
of Company F, Fourth Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, 
being one of the first to enlist from his State. During 
the Campaign of the Army under General Butler at 
New Orleans, and at the capture of Fort Jackson, Com 
panion Roundy received an injury that caused his retire 
ment from the service under surgeons certificate of dis 
ability, September 10, 1862. Returning to his home, he 
was elected to the legislature. While serving his State 
in civil life, he was in February, 1864, commissioned 
Major and Surgeon of the Thirty-seventh Wisconsin In 
fantry Volunteers, with which regiment he rendered 
valiant services until mustered out with it in August, 1865. 
Companion Roundy located in Davenport, Iowa, in 
1866. Returning to Chicago in 18/2, he engaged in mer 
cantile life, successfully building up the Roundy Regalia 
Company, of which he was President at the time of his 
death. 

Those of us who knew Companion Roundy will realize 
that in his death we have lost a true and loyal friend, 
one who was ever faithful and unassuming in the dis 
charge of every duty imposed upon him and one in whose 
wisdom and integrity we had the utmost confidence. 

His remains were laid away beside those of his wife 
at Asheville, North Carolina. 

To his bereaved family we can only express our deep 
sympathy in the loss we have all sustained. 

WILLIAM B. KEELER, 
JOHN H. STIBBS, 
PETER G. GARDNER, 

Committee. 




PHILIP REGIS DENIS DE TROBRIAXD, 

Colonel and Bre^ et Brigadier General United States Army, Brigadier 

General and Brei et Major General. United States Volunteers. 

Died at Bayport, Long Island, fnl\ rj, iSq~. 

OUR summer vacation is past and we are again per 
mitted to have our reunions and indulge in the 
reminiscences which form so large a part of our 
being, saddened as we always are by the death of some 
Companion whose memory, fame or society is a treasure 
to us. 

Amongst those whose loss we are called upon to 
mourn, is one of the most picturesque characters of the 
war, General Philip Regis Denis de Trobriand; one who, 
ripe in years as in glory, was a fine example of the all- 
embracing and assimilating character of our American 

334 



MEMORIALS. 335 

institutions. General de Trobriand was of an old Breton 
family dating back to the time of the Black Prince in the 
fourteenth century (1384), occupying a place in the old 
nobility of the Province, being hereditary members of 
the parliament of Brittany. Philip de Trobriand was 
born at Tours, France, June 4, 1816, where his father, 
General Joseph de Trobriand, was in command under 
the rule of the legitimate or elder branch of the Bourbon 
family. He was brought up as a page in the royal house 
hold, with an education preparatory to a military career, 
until 1830, when the legitimate king, Charles X, being 
driven from France, his father declined to serve under 
the Orleans king. His education was completed at Poi 
tiers, and his military course at a private institution. 

In 1841, after his father s death, he came on a visit 
to the United States with a friend, a journey much more 
rare at that day than now. On that visit he met, and 
shortly thereafter married, Miss May Mason Jones, a 
daughter of the President of the Chemical Bank of New 
York. After the marriage they spent several years at 
the exiled court of the Comte de Chambord, near Venice. 
In 1848 the Baron de Trobriand came to New York to 
live, at the request of his father-in-law, engaging in lit 
erary work and starting a French review. Family mat 
ters took him back to France in 1851, where he remained 
until 1854, when he returned to New York to reside per 
manently, engaging in literary work on the French jour 
nal in New York, the Courier dcs Etats l^nis, becoming 
thoroughly an American in feeling and principle. 

When the War of the Rebellion broke out he was ap 
pointed Colonel of the Fifty-fifth New York Volunteers, 
August 2, 1 86 1, the nucleus of which was the militia 
regiment known as the "Lafayette Guards." The regi 
ment was sent to Washington in the early autumn, and 



33^ MEMORIALS. 

in 1 862 participated in the Peninsular Campaign with the 
Fourth Corps, making a good record. After this cam 
paign the regiment returned to Washington and was 
assigned to the Third Corps. In November, 1862, the 
Fifty-fifth New York was consolidated with the Thirty- 
eighth New York, with de Trobriand as Colonel of the 
consolidated regiment. It participated in the Fredericks- 
burg and Chancellorsville Campaigns, and at Gettysburg, 
where Colonel de Trobriand commanded his brigade 
with distinguished gallantry in front of the wheat field, 
losing nearly one-half of his force. In the fall of 1863, 
on account of not being confirmed as Brigadier General 
by the United States Senate, although recommended by 
all the officers above him, his regiment being consoli 
dated with another, he was mustered out and remained 
out of service until the spring of 1864. He was renomi- 
nated as Brigadier General in January, 1864, and con 
firmed April ist, to date from January 5th, and on re 
porting for duty was assigned to the command of all the 
forces in and around New York harbor, a large and 
laborious command, which, however, was not so welcome 
to him as duty in the field; so that when General Meade 
applied to have him assigned to duty with the Army of 
the Potomac, he eagerly embraced the opportunity, and 
was assigned to command of the First Brigade, Third 
Division of the Second Corps, troops formerly belonging 
to the Third Corps. With them he served with distin 
guished honor until the final day at Appomattox, where 
he was in command of a Division, amongst the troops 
and officers with whom he had been associated almost 
from the beginning. He was brevetted Major General, 
to date from April 9, 1865, for highly meritorious services 
during the campaign ending at Appomattox. He was 
mustered out January 15, 1866; was appointed Colonel 



MEMORIALS. 337 

Thirty-first Infantry, to date July 28th; transferred to 
Thirteenth Infantry March 20, 1869; commanded Dis 
trict and Military Department of Dakota to May, 1869; 
District of Montana to October, 1871, where he con 
ducted the Piegan campaign; Fort Steele, Wyoming, to 
October, 1873; then serving at New Orleans to March 
20, 1879, having to arrest the legislature during the re 
construction days in Louisiana, when he was retired. He 
made New Orleans his residence after retirement till his 
death, spending the summers alternately in France and 
with his daughter, Mrs. Charles A. Post, at Bayport, 
Long Island, thus passing the evening of his days in the 
happy enjoyment of social intercourse with his children 
and friends, surrounded by whom he passed away July 
15, 1897, aged eighty-one years. 

While in France, directly after the war, he wrote for 
the information of the French people, his work, "Four 
Years with the Army of the Potomac," which has been 
regarded by some of the ablest military critics as being 
unsurpassed as a clear and concise account of the causes 
leading up to the war; and his military education, his 
acute and discerning mind, his fine judgment, with his 
fearless criticism of men and movements of the Army of 
the Potomac, make his work one of the most valuable 
and interesting of the contributions relating to the his 
tory of that famous army; and as time passes, his con 
clusions are more and more accepted by military men as 
well-balanced, just and able. His well-informed mind, 
which his intercourse with distinguished men of the New 
and Old Worlds had stored with information of the per 
sons who had filled a large space in the history of his 
time, his ability as a musician and artist, and his cour 
teous manners and happy disposition made his compan 
ionship very delightful amongst the officers with whom 



33 8 MEMORIALS. 

he served; and his gallantry in the field and devotion to 
duty at all times, in command of the troops trained by 
Kearney, made him a worthy successor to Lafayette as 
the only other Frenchman who attained the rank of Ma 
jor General in the Armies of the United States. 

We tender our condolences to his children who mourn 
his departure and we join with them in a tribute to the 
memory of so able and gallant a soldier who has left to 
them and his fellow soldiers a legacy of duty performed, 
and honor won, which is the most valuable of all bequests. 

GEORGE K. DAUCHY, 

HUNTINGTON \V. JACKSON, 

JOSEPH H. WOOD, 

Committee. 




THADDEUS JOSEPH BUTLER. 

Chaplain Tivcnty- third Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Rome, Italy, July 16. iSgj. 

plADDEUS JOSEPH BUTLER, a servant of God 
V and a Companion of this Order, closed his human 
career in the Eternal Capital July 16, 1897. He died on 
the very eve of his Episcopal ordination, and fell where 
he had received his theological education, in the shadow 
of the dome of St. Peter s. Born at Limerick, Ireland, 
November i, 1833, he came to America from Rome in 
1856, bearing the commission of his church, a recom 
mendation in itself, but that which endears his memory 
particularly to us is that when the strife came for the 
disruption of the Union and the continuation of slavery 
within the territory of a dismembered republic, he bore 

339 



34O MEMORIALS. 

a military commission, having been Chaplain of the 
Twenty-third Illinois Infantry, U. S. V., dating from 
June 15, 1861. 

In 1 86 1 abolition was not an avowed, it was scarcely 
an included, purpose of the war which at the outset was 
waged entirely for the purpose of preserving the integrity 
of the States in federal union. No popular political body 
had declared for abolition. The convention which nom 
inated Abraham Lincoln confined itself to a declaration 
of hostility to the extension of slavery to the territories. 
Had national authority been reasserted indisputably im 
mediately upon the incident of Sumter, who can say how 
long slavery might have abided ? In every fibre of his 
being, Dr. Butler, among whose classmates at Rome 
was an African of full blood, was opposed to human 
slavery. He came to America with none of the conserv 
ative feeling induced in Americans by generations of tol 
erance of slavery as an institution protected by the laws. 
Generous, impulsive, vehement in his denunciations of 
great wrongs, he was necessarily outspoken in protest of 
man s ownership of man. He was a champion from the 
first, of the freedom of a fellow-being from absolute 
ownership, as persistently and intelligently he labored 
for the emancipation of the human soul from the sway of 
evil. He saw and welcomed the inevitable outcome of 
the civil strife, and with the joy of an ardent nature, 
gladly accepted the invitation of James A. Mulligan to 
become the Chaplain of a regiment raised by him in 
Chicago, and destined from its own deeds and from the 
gallantry and devotion of its commander, who was to 
perish in the Shenandoah in 1864 as the commander of 
a division, to become famous. 

The Chaplain shared the peril and privation of the 
long and memorable siege at Lexington, Missouri, and 



MEMORIALS. 341 

accompanied the regiment, upon its reorganization, to 
Virginia, certain of whose misty mountain tops were 
vocal with the solemn intonation of the service prescribed 
by his church, and rang with his exhortation to the sol 
diers for whose spiritual welfare he was answerable, that 
they persevere unfalteringly in their performance of duty 
to God and their country. An affection of the eyes, 
which was to give him no little trouble in his subsequent 
career, impelled the tender of his resignation, and he 
was honorably discharged from the volunteer service of 
the United States on March i i, 1863. 

Though he had retired from the army, Dr. Butler s 
interest in the war continued, and he lost no opportunity 
to encourage enlistment and to relieve distress in the 
field. He had been pastor of old St. Mary s Church, 
which was situated at the corner of Wabash avenue and 
Madison street, and on his return was assigned to another 
pastorate, to be transferred after an interval of some 
years to a church at Rockford, in this State, where his 
public spirit induced him to accept the presidency of the 
public library. In 1887 he was appointed pastor of St. 
John s Church, in this city, where many Companions of 
this Order heard last July the solemn, impressive and 
eloquent tribute paid by another Companion of the Loyal 
Legion, Archbishop Ireland of St. Paul, his old-time 
friend, and like him an officer of volunteers. 

Dr. Butler s graces and accomplishments were extra 
ordinary. He was a linguist, a musician, an orator, a 
connoisseur of the fine arts. This Commandery has 
heard from his own lips humorous and pathetic recital of 
some part of his military service, and learned in his 
hearty companionship, full of the milk of human kind 
ness, how it was possible for him successfully to "allure 
to brighter fields and lead the way." In fulfillment of 



342 MEMORIALS. 

his priestly function it was times without number the 
solemn duty of this consoler of his kind to stand by the 
bier of his fellow mortals, and, while aiding the survivors 
to bear their loss, reverently and hopefully to commit 
the dead to the Infinite Mercy that having created man 
frail, may not be as harsh in judgment of his failures as 
often are human kind. This office he performed over 
the blouse-shouldered remains of volunteers who, upon 
the great plains of the Missouri, or in the valleys of Vir 
ginia, fell for their country. The muffled drum was 
silent; the reversed arms borne by sorrowing Compan 
ions on the grave-ward march were charged for the fare 
well volley; the clods fell upon the coffin, and the robed 
priest in the sweet voice that was among his many gifts 
from a nature profusely bountiful to him, spoke in the 
sonorous language common to the multitude of the Chris 
tian confessors and martyrs the last words of the Roman 
liturgy. And we who survive, for a little time only, may 
sincerely and reverently say for him, as he prayerfully 
said for many another soldier, Requiescat in Pace. 

MARTIN J. RUSSELL, 
CHARLES W. DAVIS, 
ARTHUR EDWARDS, 

Committee. 




JAMES WITHINGTON HUTCHINSON. 



Second Assistant Engineer, Unites States Navy. 
field, Illinois, September 2, iSqj. 



Died at Green 



O ORN Griggsville, Illinois, September 14, 1841. Died 
*[) at his home, Greenfield, Illinois, September 2, 
1897. Such, in brief, is the record of the birth 
and death of one well known to many of the members 
of this Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion. 

This is not all, however, which is entered upon the 
pages of this Companion s history, nor all to be found in 
the golden book kept by the recording angel, of the 
services of those who loved and served their country in 
its darkest hour of peril. 

The foundation of Companion Hutchinson s educa- 

343 



344 MEMORIALS. 

tion was laid in the public schools of Illinois and com 
pleted in the Polytechnic College at Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, from which he graduated before he was 
twenty years of age. Receiving his diploma in the one 
hand he signed the muster roll with the other and in 
December, 1861, was commissioned Second Assistant 
Engineer of the United States warship Tuscarora and sent 
upon foreign service. 

Cruising off the English and Spanish coasts to protect 
our merchant vessels from the "Alabama" and other 
Confederate cruisers, our Companion visited Gibraltar, 
Malta and other places in the Mediterranean and on the 
coast until ordered home to join the North Atlantic 
squadron. 

After engaging the iron-clad "North Carolina" off 
the mouth of Cape Fear River and driving her back to 
Wilmington, Companion Hutchinson was transferred to 
the first-class warship Susquehanna and participated in 
the bombardment and capture of Fort Fisher. 

In this famous ship and in the North Atlantic 
squadron our Companion continued to serve until the 
close of the war, participating in all the service rendered 
by that great fleet. 

Resigning his commission when there was no more 
active service, our Companion went to Colorado and en 
gaged in his profession as a mining engineer. Marrying 
in 1868, he soon after returned to Illinois, became a 
citizen of Greenfield and engaged in banking. Here he 
continued to reside until called up aloft by that sweet 
little cherub that watches " o er the life of Poor Jack." 

Taking an active part in public affairs, our Com 
panion was entrusted with many positions of honor and 
responsibility and served several terms as Mayor of 
Greenfield. A devoted member of the Methodist Epis- 



MEMORIALS. 345 

copal Church he was for many years the faithful Super 
intendent of its Sabbath School. 

Loved and honored in all the Associations of which 
he was a member, he was at the time of his death Com 
mander of Weisner Post, No. 350, Grand Army of the 
Republic, as he was an honored and respected member 
of this Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States. 

In the ancient and honorable fraternity of Free Masons 
our Companion had attained to Christian Knighthood and 
the highest offices in the Holy Royal Arch, being a Past 
Grand High Priest of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of 
this State. He was also an earnest and faithful member 
of the Masonic Veteran Association of Illinois, and was 
laid to rest in Greenfield by his Masonic brethren. 

Our Companion has "crossed the bar," and having 
seen his "Pilot face to face," is in the clear waters of 
eternal life, where we may hope to meet him in the 
hereafter. 

" Sunset and evening star, 
And one clear call for me, 
And may there be no moaning at the bar 
When I put out to sea. 

But such a flood as, moving, seems to sleep 
Too deep for sound or foam, 

When that which drew from out the wondrous deep 
Turns again home. 

Twilight and evening bell, and after that the dark, 

And may there be no moaning or farewell when I embark; 

And though from out the realm of time and space 

The flood may bear me far, 

I hope to meet my Pilot face to face 

When I have crossed the bar." 

JOHN C. SMITH, 
HASWELL C. CLARKE, 

JOHN C. NEELY, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM JOHN LYSTER. 

Colonel (Retired) United States Army . Died at Sachet Harbor , 
Nezv York, September 23, 1897. 

e^ONEL William J. Lyster, who died on the 23d of 
September last at Sacket Harbor, New York, was 
born at Tecumseh, Michigan, June 27, 1833. 

His service was as follows: Second Lieutenant and 
Adjutant Second Michigan Infantry May 25, 1861, to 
June 21, 1 86 1. Appointed First Lieutenant Nineteenth 
United States Infantry, May 14, 1861, accepted June 
21, 1 86 1. Commanded Company A, Nineteenth In 
fantry, from August, 1861, to February, 1863. Pro 
moted Captain Nineteenth Infantry August 9, 1864, 
Major Sixth Infantry October 13, 1886, Lieutenant 
Colonel Twenty-first Infantry August i, 1891, and 

346 



MEMORIALS. 347 

Colonel Ninth Infantry May i, 1896, serving in that 
position until the date of his retirement, June 27, 1897. 

He served in Rousseau s Brigade, McCook s Division, 
and the Regular Brigade of the Western Army through 
out the war, and participated in the following battles and 
skirmishes: Shiloh, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, 
Resaca, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Smyrna 
Church, Peach Tree Creek, Utoy Creek, Siege of Atlanta, 
Dry Walk, Kentucky, Buzzard s Roost, Georgia, Hoover s 
Gap, Tennessee, Tunnel Hill, Georgia. 

He was brevetted Captain April 7, 1862, for gallant 
and meritorious services in the battle of Shiloh, Tennessee. 

Brevet Major, September 20, 1863, for gallant and 
meritorious services in the battle of Chickamauga, 
Georgia. 

Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, September I, 1864, for 
gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Mission 
ary Ridge, Tennessee, and during the Atlanta campaign. 

He performed staff duty as Aide-de-camp to Brigadier 
General John H. King, and as Assistant Inspector 
General, Regular Brigade, Army of the Cumberland. 

Since the war, Colonel Lyster has served in various 
Posts in Arkansas, Louisiana, Kansas, Utah, Texas, 
Illinois and New York, and commanded a Battalion of 
the Nineteenth Infantry in New Orleans, during the riots 
of 1873. As Major of the Sixth Infantry, he commanded 
the two companies of that regiment which comprised the 
first garrison of Fort Sheridan. 

ROBERT H. HALL, 
ALBERT HARTSUFF, 
BUTLER D. PRICE, 

Committee. 




ALONZO JEFFERSON PHELPS. 

J/o/br and Surgeon and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, L niied States 
I olunteers. Died at Nit to, Yuma, Mississippi, 

Sepfetnber 28, iSq~. 

1 A |HEN, on the 28th of September last, the sunset gun 
"H, had boomed its " good-night " salute to the lower 
ing flag he had followed through the tempest of war, and 
while the shades of night were closing about the home 
wherein he had rounded out a life rich in good works and 
beneficent influences, our Companion, Major and Surgeon 
Alonzo Jefferson Phelps, passed into the beyond, where 
there is neither the uncertainty of life, nor the certainty 
of death, but peace forever. 

He was born in Piketon, Ohio, June 17, 1835. Grad 
uating from the University of Ohio he took up the study 

34 s 



MEMORIALS. 349 

of medicine under his father, Dr. Orlando J. Phelps. In 
1852 he graduated from the Columbus Medical College, 
and taking a post-graduate course received his diploma 
from the New York College of Medicine in 1854. Re 
turning to his native town, he entered into the active 
practice of his chosen profession in connection with his 
father. October 31, 1861, he was appointed Assistant 
Surgeon of the Thirty-third Ohio Infantry, U. S. V., and 
on December 3ist following was promoted to Brigade 
Surgeon (later known as Surgeon U. S. V.), but by 
reason of a severe epidemic then raging in his regi 
ment he refused to qualify for the new position until 
April 4, 1862, when he was commissioned as Major and 
Surgeon, U. S. V. He received the brevet of Lieutenant 
Colonel, March 13, 1865, " for faithful and meritorious 
services during the war." Having tendered his resig 
nation he was honorably mustered out in compliance 
with Special Order No. 3, War Department, dated Jan 
uary 4, 1866. His service covered a large territory, he 
having been on duty continuously, at the front and in 
the field, from September 1861 to August 1864. He 
participated in the Eastern Kentucky Campaign under 
General Nelson and in Mitchell s Division of the Army 
of Ohio. April 22, 1862, he was assigned to temporary 
duty under General Halleck, then before Corinth. He 
was assigned as Medical Director of Wood s Division and, 
at the battle of Perryville, of the left wing under General 
Crittenden. He served as Medical Director of the 
Twenty-first Corps, participating in the battles of Stone s 
River, the occupation of Chattanooga and the battles of 
Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, and when the Twen 
tieth and Twenty-first Corps were consolidated to form 
the Fourth Corps he was assigned to the Staff of General 
Gordon Granger as Medical Director of the new organ- 



35O MEMORIALS. 

ization, and later of the Army of the Cumberland. April 
27, 1864, he was transferred, at the request of General 
Grant, to the Army of the Potomac where he was assigned 
to duty as Acting Medical Inspector of Field Hospitals. 
At his own request he was relieved August 16, 1864, and 
assigned to special duty in the Northern Department of 
Ohio. In February 1865 he was transferred to the De 
partment of Kentucky and assigned as Medical Director, 
with the relative rank of Colonel, on the Staff of General 
John M. Palmer commanding, which he held until the 
termination of his services. 

Tall and slender of stature, graceful and cordial in 
manner, his winning smile prepossessed all whom he 
met in his favor. This impression was justified by his 
manly character and his kind and genial disposition. A 
physician of rare talents, a man of wide reading, he was 
interested in his profession as a science rather than art. 
During his tour of duty at Louisville, Kentucky, he met, 
and on October 13, 1865, married Miss Mary Vick, a 
granddaughter of the founder of Vicksburg, Mississippi, 
and a direct lineal descendant of General George Rogers 
Clarke of the Revolutionary Army. In 1877 he removed 
permanently to his beautiful plantation in Nitta Yum a, 
Mississippi. He leaves surviving him Mrs. Phelps and 
four children, Mrs. Nannie W. George, Mr. Henry Vick 
Phelps, Mary P. (Countess Piola-Caselli of Rome, Italy) 
and Miss Ellen B. Phelps. To you then, who, closest 
to his heart, knew him best and loved him the dearest, 
and who sit in the shadows and weep, words of consola 
tion are but hollow sounds and empty babblings. We 
who went down into the "Valley of Death," side by side 
with our departed Companion follow you in your desola 
tion and woe and with reverent clasp of the hand offer 
you our tenderest sympathies and beg to assure you of a 



MEMORIALS. 351 

loving remembrance of him who awaits us just beyond 

the river. 

JOHN J. ABERCROMHIE, 
STANDISH V. CORNISH, 
JOHN A. GRIER, 

Committee. 




HENRY THOMAS PORTER. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Thirteenth Illinois Infantry , United 
States Volunteers. Died at Quincy , Illinois, December g, i8gj . 

A TENRY THOMAS PORTER was born at Weymouth, 
Jj Massachusetts, July 13, 1832. He came to Illinois 
^^ at an early date, settled in DeKalb County, and, 
at the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion, was largely 
instrumental in raising a company which was mustered 
into the United States service as Company E, Thirteenth 
Illinois Infantry. He was elected and commissioned 
Second Lieutenant of the company prior to its muster 
and when the organization of the regiment was com 
pleted, became its Adjutant, being mustered in as such 
May 24, 1 86 1. This regiment was the first organized in 
the then Second Congressional District of this State, and 

352 



MEMORIALS. 353 

participated in Fremont s Campaign in Missouri, General 
Curtis s Campaign in Arkansas, including the memorable 
march from Pea Ridge to Helena, Arkansas, and was a 
part of the assaulting column at Chickasaw-Bayou, where 
its gallant Colonel, John B. Wyman, was killed and its 
total loss in killed and wounded was one hundred and 
eighty-three. It was present at the capture of Arkansas 
Post, and was with General Sherman s Corps during the 
siege of Vicksburg. In July, 1863, Adjutant Porter was 
detailed upon the Staff of Major General Eugene A. Carr 
and served with him until June 18, 1864, when he was 
mustered out with his regiment at Springfield, Illinois, 
having faithfully served his country and performed his 
duty as a soldier of the Union. 

He then engaged in business in Chicago and was 
elected a Companion of the First Class of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States through 
the Commandery of the State of Illinois, August 6, 1879, 
being one of its earliest members. In later years he met 
with financial reverses and finally sought refuge in the 
Soldiers Home at (juincy, Illinois, where he died on the 
9th day of December, 1897. 

RICHARD ROBINS, 

JOSEPH J. SlDDALL, 

JOHN SARGENT, 

Committee. 




DAVID HERRICK GILE. 

Captain and Aide de Camp, United States Volunteers. 
Oak Park, Illinois, March ij, i8q8. 



Died at 



COMPANION David Herrick Gile, a member of this 
X^ Commandery, died about the hour of two o clock 
in the afternoon, Sunday, March 13, 1898, at his resi 
dence in Oak Park, aged sixty-one years and eight 
months. Though he had been indisposed by an attack 
of the grippe for some two months before his death, he 
thought himself fairly convalescent and expected to be 
at his desk in the city on the following day. He was 
conversing pleasantly with his family a few minutes be 
fore the fatal attack, heart failure, struck him down, as 
suddenly as on July 22, 1864, a bullet of the enemy 
struck to death his loved friend, General James B. Mc- 

354 



MEMORIALS. 355 

Pherson, upon whose Staff, as Aide de Camp, the last 
year of his brilliant service in the army was passed. He 
left him surviving, a sister, nieces, a nephew, Major W. 
F. Tucker, United States Army (the son-in-law of Gen 
eral Logan) who is entitled to be his successor in this 
Order, a loved and loving wife, and an adopted son and 
daughter. 

Captain Gile was born in Corinth, Maine, July 18, 
1836. Before the breaking out of the war, he came to 
Chicago and was variously employed. A man of earnest 
patriotism and high convictions as to the duties which 
American citizenship impose upon her sons, he was (it 
has often been said, and we have no doubt truly) the first 
man in Chicago to sign his name to an enlistment paper, 
April 13, 1 86 1. 

At noon of that day, for the first time in the history 
of our country, its flag, the Stars and Stripes, was struck 
before an enemy. That hour saw it lowered upon the 
walls of Fort Sumter battered and broken down by the 
guns of South Carolina. The young men of the North, 
realizing then that they would soon have work to do in 
the defense of that flag, for their country, for the world, 
for freedom, impatiently waited the word of their Presi 
dent calling them to a work which was for them all to 
be the most important, the most glorious of their lives, 
in which, alas, so many were to give their young heroic 
lives a sacrifice to Liberty. When Sumter fell, they 
could no longer be restrained and enlistments began all 
over the loyal North. Charles W. Barker at once set 
about the raising of a company in Chicago and Com 
panion Gile signed his name at the head of the list. In 
this company, known as " Barker s Dragoons," he served 
at Cairo and in West Virginia. After the muster out of 
the command, July 18, 1861, he re-enlisted August 23, 



356 MEMORIALS. 

1 86 1, in Company A, Fourth Illinois Cavalry. The 
training in actual service he had in the Dragoons, gave 
him the commission of First Lieutenant in this company. 
He served with such credit and gallantry with this com 
mand in all of its marches and battles, that he was ap 
pointed by President Lincoln Captain and Aide de Camp, 
September, 1863. As such he served on the Staff of 
General McPherson, who commanded the Seventeenth 
Army Corps, and afterwards the Army of the Tennessee. 
Captain Gile participated in all the hard marches and 
bloody battles fought by that glorious body of American 
troops, which, beginning at Belmont and Fort Donelson, 
and ending at Goldsborough, North Carolina, gained vic 
tory after victory, and, at Champion s Hill and Vicks- 
burg, at Missionary Ridge and Resaca, at Atlanta and 
Allatoona, and by its wonderful "March to the Sea," 
secured for itself a place on the page of honor whereon 
are written great military achievements, as high as the 
highest known in the annals of the world. 

Captain Gile was as fine a type of the American 
soldier as one could wish to see, enforcing and himself 
submitting to strict discipline, because, without the train 
ing of a military school, he knew instinctively the neces 
sity of discipline to an army. He had a fine appearance 
and great power of physical endurance; a mind clear, 
energetic and persisting until the matter entrusted to 
him was successfully accomplished. In camp and on 
the march he was cheerful, genial to all and beloved by 
all. In battle he was absolutely fearless and was often 
entrusted by the commander of the army with the per 
formance of duties on the battlefield requiring not alone 
personal valor and promptness, not alone fidelity and 
the utmost reliability, but as well judgment and discre 
tion in critical situations. On the death of General Me- 



MEMORIALS. 357 

Pherson, to him was assigned the sad duty of accom 
panying his remains to his home at Clyde, Ohio. 

After the war, Captain Gile returned to Chicago, 
where he lived and did business until his death. 

He was married to Miss Louise P. Worster, daughter 
of Asa Worster, for many years a prominent business 
man of this city. In civil life, Captain Gile was univer 
sally respected, and as Alderman of the old Third Ward 
of Chicago he made a record as a capable and honorable 
member of the City Council, acting at all times for the 
best interests of the city and its taxpayers. 

He did a man s work in life. He made his name one 
to be honored for all succeeding ages in our American 
history. He has passed forever from our midst and is 
at rest. Friend, Comrade, Companion! We greet thee, 
Hail and Farewell! 

Resolved, That the sympathy and the friendship, 
which shall not fail, of this Commandery and of all its 
members, be and the same are hereby tendered to Mrs. 
Gile and the family of our Companion, in their affliction 
and sorrow. 

RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 
JOHN MCARTHUR, 
W. W. MCLEAN, 

Committee. 




LEMUEL LINNEAR SCOTT. 

Captain Eighty-fourth Illinois Infantry, United States I oluntcers. 
Died at Galesburg, Illinois, MarcJi IQ, iSg8. 

OUR Companion, Lemuel L. Scott, was born in Adair 
County, Kentucky, September /, 1828, and was in 
the seventieth year of his age at the time of his 
death on the igth day of March, 1898, at Galesburg, 
Illinois. His wife Ann Mary Scott, three sons, Eugene 
L. , William A. and Charles G., and three daughters, 
Mary, Clara and Martha, survive to mourn the loss of a 
kind and affectionate husband and a tender father. 

From his native place when a boy he removed with 
his parents to McDonough County, Illinois, and settled 
on a farm. His father died in 1838, and his mother 
died in 1845, thus inuring him to the responsibilities of 

358 



MEMORIALS. 359 

life early. He showed a preference for business and 
secured a position as clerk in a store in Abingdon, Illinois, 
where he lived until he was twenty-two years of age, 
when he married the helpmeet of his life who survives 
him. 

Soon after his marriage he removed to Vermont, 
Illinois, where he continued in business as clerk until 
August, 1862, when he together with James A. Russell, 
raised a company of volunteers for the Union Army, 
which after organization became Company B, Eighty- 
fourth Illinois Infantry Volunteers. He was mustered 
into the service as First Lieutenant on the 1st day of 
September, 1862, and was promoted to the rank of 
Captain on the 2/th day of October, 1863, and served 
as such until June 8, 1865, when his regiment was 
mustered out of the service on account of the close of 
the war. 

Captain Scott served with his company in the Army of 
the Cumberland and took part in the many battles and 
marches of that army. Among the more prominent 
battles in which he was actively engaged were Stone s 
River, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary 
Ridge, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro, 
Nashville and many other engagements. 

At the battle of Stone s River, Lieutenant Scott was 
quite severely wounded, but remained at his post until 
the battle was over, and afterwards had to leave his com 
pany a short time while his wound healed. At Chicka 
mauga he was detailed as topographical engineer on the 
Brigade Staff for a short period, otherwise he was always 
with his company. He was a man who did all things 
well, and he did so in the service of his country. He 
was loved and highly respected by the men with whom 
he served, both superiors and subordinates. 



360 MEMORIALS. 

When he returned to his home, he took a position as 
traveling salesman for a wholesale grocery firm in Chi 
cago, and continued in that line of business until April, 
1895, when he formed a partnership with Wm. A. 
Jordan, of Galesburg, Illinois, and was engaged in the 
wholesale grocery business in that city, under the firm 
name of Scott & Jordan, until his death. 

It has been truly said of Captain Scott that "his love 
of the right was a predominant characteristic and affected 
his whole life." He was uncompromisingly for the right, 
according to his best judgment, in all things. He had 
clear and strong convictions, yet he was the most tender 
hearted of men. He was of a cheerful disposition and 
sanguine temperament, and it was always a pleasure to 
meet him, and to associate with him was an inspiration 
to the good and the right-minded. He was unswerv 
ingly loyal to his country, his family, his church and his 
friends. He lived an upright, useful life, well worthy of 
emulation. 

C. E. LANSTRUM, 
ARTHUR A. SMITH, 
NELS NELSON, 

Committee. 




WILLIAM EDWIN CLARKE. 

Major and Surgeon Nineteenth Michigan Infantry, United States 
}~oluntecrs. Died at Chicago, Illinois, March 22, iSqS. 

ON THE morning of March 22, 1898, death removed 
from our Companionship Dr. William Edwin 
Clarke of River Eorest, bringing sorrow and sad 
ness to a wide circle of devoted relatives and friends. 

Dr. Clarke was born at Lebanon, Connecticut, Feb 
ruary 22, 1819, and while yet a child his parents moved 
to Rochester, New York. Until his fourteenth year his 
education was almost wholly under the immediate super 
vision of his mother, who was highly cultivated and a 
lady of decided Christian character; a descendant of the 
noted preacher and President of Princeton College, 
Jonathan Edwards. 

361 



362 MEMORIALS. 

In 1833 he entered Rochester Academy where he 
pursued his studies until 1840, when, having fully de 
cided upon his life work, he commenced the study of 
medicine under the preceptorship of Dr. E. M. Moore, 
meanwhile attending lectures at the Berkshire Medical 
College in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 

Subsequently he attended two courses of lectures at 
the Vermont Medical College, where he graduated in 
1845. Throughout his medical course of study he mani 
fested the same aggressive earnestness in his profession 
which was so characteristic of him during more than fifty 
years of successful professional life. While a student as 
well as in maturer years he was ever ready to investigate 
any subject, scientific or otherwise, which gave promise 
of helpfulness to his fellow-men. 

Professor Henry M. Lyman, in his work entitled 
"Artificial Anaesthesia and Anaesthetics," says of him: 
"During the year 1839 a young student of chemistry in 
the city of Rochester, New York, William E. Clarke, by 
name, now a veteran physician of Chicago, was in the 
habit of entertaining his companions with inhalations of 
ether. At Berkshire Medical College, during the winter 
of 1841-1842 Clarke diligently propagated this convivial 
method among his fellow students. Emboldened by 
these experiences in January, 1842, having returned to 
Rochester, he administered ether from a towel to a young 
woman named Hobbie and one of her teeth was then 
extracted without pain by a dentist named Elijah Pope." 
So far as we have been able to ascertain this is the 
first historic account of the successful administration of 
ether, resulting in a painless surgical operation of any 
sort. 

Immediately after graduating he returned to Rochester 
and began the practice of his profession. In 1847, 



MEMORIALS. 363 

years later, he moved to Michigan where he remained in 
practice, with the exception of a brief interval, until 1861, 
when he entered the service as Surgeon of the Fourth 
Michigan Infantry Regiment, and was with that regi 
ment at Munson s Hill, opposite Washington, and on the 
march and in the battles of the Peninsular campaign 
under General McClellan. 

At the request of his cousin, N. C. Gilbert, Colonel 
of the Nineteenth Michigan Infantry, he was transferred 
to that regiment. In July, 1863, he resigned on account 
of illness caused by confinement while a prisoner of war. 
After a few months he partially regained his health and 
was again commissioned and placed in charge of Carver 
United States General Hospital in Washington, District 
of Columbia, where he remained until the close of the 
war. 

In 1865 he came to Chicago where he was in active 
practice until two years ago, when he moved to River 
Forest. 

January 25, 1840, Dr. Clarke was married to Harriet 
Hale at Marshall, Michigan. She died in Washington 
June 19, 1864. His second marriage to Mary L. Reed, 
occurred at Lake Forest, December, 1865. 

He was the father of two children, William E. Clarke, 
Jr., and Grace, now Mrs. Glenn E. Plumb, both by his 
second wife. 

He was for many years a member of the consulting 
staff of the Women s and Children s Hospital, also of the 
Presbyterian Hospital. 

He was an honored member of the State Medical 
Society, the American Medical Association and the Chi 
cago Medical Society of which he was president at one 
time. 

For twenty-seven years previous to his death he was 



364 MEMORIALS. 

a Deacon of the First Congregational Church of this city 
and during his long service he was always loyal to the 
Pastor and the best interests of the church. 

During his long professional career he always re 
mained in touch with the advanced thinkers and more 
enterprising of his medical brethren. Possessed of a 
cordial, kind-hearted personality, he was surrounded by 
many friends. He was always ready and anxious to do 
charity work among the worthy poor, and the colored 
people, during the war and since, have had his especial 
sympathy. 

We may truly say that his whole life was conse 
crated to relieve the sorrows and sufferings of his fellow- 
men and to make the world better for his having lived, 
and we most sincerely extend our sympathy to his be 
reaved family. 

Z. R. HANSON, 
E. D. REDINGTON, 
J. H. MOORE, 

Committee. 




CHARLES WASHINGTON MEYERS. 

Major and Surgeon Eighty-second Ohio Infantry, United States 
} r oluntecrs. Died at Clinton, loica, April ^ 



HARLES WASHINGTON MEYERS was born in 
the village of Gambler, County of Knox, and 
State of Ohio, April 30, 1839, and died in Clinton, Iowa, 
April 21, 1898. He spent his earlier boyhood days in 
his native village, worked in a drug store, and attended 
the local academy. After completing the course there, 
he commenced the study of medicine and graduated 
from the Western Reserve College at Cleveland, Ohio, a 
branch of the State University, in February, 1861. He 
also took a course at the State University in Ann Arbor, 
Michigan. 

He then proffered his services to the Governor of 

365 



366 MEMORIALS. 

Ohio and was commissioned and assigned to the Eighty- 
second Regiment Ohio Volunteers, as Assistant Surgeon 
with rank of First Lieutenant, May 16, 1862; was pro 
moted Surgeon, with rank of Major, May 4, 1864, and 
served in this grade until mustered out, May 28, 1865. 

April 20, 1863, ne married Miss Lauraett L. Corbin, 
of Ann Arbor, Michigan, and to them were born four 
children Charles, who died in infancy; Minnie, now 
Mrs. Austin; Mary, now Mrs. Bollman, and Frank W. 
Meyers. Mrs. Meyers and the children all reside in the 
city of Clinton, Iowa. 

At the close of the war, Major Meyers practiced his 
profession at St. Johns, Michigan, for several years. In 
1869 he removed with his family to Clinton, Iowa, and 
entered upon a successful practice, occupying the same 
office for twenty-nine years. He held many positions of 
trust in civil life, being the physician for the Chicago, 
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway and the Burlington, 
Cedar Rapids and Northern Railway; was Coroner of the 
County at the time of his death, and had held the office 
for many years, and was one of the members of the Pen 
sion Examining Board from its organization, through all 
the different administrations, until his health failed him 
within the past year. 

Surgeon Meyers was a kind and indulgent husband 
and father; and had the esteem and confidence of all his 
patients, both in the service and in civil practice. 

His regiment was in the Eleventh Corps, Army of the 
Potomac, which came West with General Hooker s com 
mand, under General Howard, and when the Eleventh 
and Twelfth Corps were consolidated became the Twen 
tieth Corps, Army of the Cumberland, later on the Army 
of Georgia, under General Slocum. 

Major Meyers was a Mason, in good standing; a mem- 



MEMORIALS. 367 

her of the Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion, and 
also a member of the Union Veteran Union, Lookout 
Mountain Command, which took charge of his funeral 
when he was laid down in his last bivouac in Springdale 
Cemetery, Clinton, Iowa, surrounded by his family, com 
rades and neighbors, to await the final reveille. 

JOSEPH D. FEGAN, 
JOHN C. NEELY, 
WILLIAM B. KEELER, 

Committee. 




EDWARD STANLEY WORTHINGTON. 

Died at Oiicago, Illinois, J/av 21, iSgS. 

PDWARD STANLEY WORTHINGTON died May 

21, 1898, just thirty-six years to the day after his 
^^"* patriotic father was shot and instantly killed at 
Corinth. He died on this soldier-anniversary so sacred 
in his family. 

Edward Worthington had no opportunity to take up 
arms for his country; but he inherited the qualities upon 
which his country could have confidently relied in any 
great need. He had a just and quietly determined sense 
of duty which would have made him devoted and stead 
fast in a national emergency, and which lifted his life, as 
it was, into whatever devotion to principle and adher 
ence to ideals its opportunities and demands made requi- 

368 



MEMORIALS. 369 

site. He was not a soldier, for lack of the national need; 
but he was worthy to be the son of a man who was a 
soldier without fear and without reproach. He was born 
at Keokuk, Iowa, November 23, 1858. He was not yet 
forty years old when he died, and was a little child when 
his father, Colonel William H. Worthington, having at 
the outbreak of hostilities gone into our war at the head 
of the Fifth Volunteers of Iowa, died, a young man of 
thirty-three, doing his duty both bravely and graciously. 

It was through service done the nation by his father 
that Edward Worthington became a member of the Loyal 
Legion a way of entrance into the Order that was most 
grateful to this loyal son. Of the services and honors of 
the father, the son was justly jealous and proud. 

Colonel Worthington was born November 2, 1828, in 
Mercer County, Kentucky. He graduated with honor at 
Bacon College, Harrodsburg, Kentucky, studied and prac 
ticed law in Harrodsburg, and at the same time managed 
his landed property in the vicinity. He inherited wealth 
and position, and had literary tastes and leisure enough 
to indulge them. He came of a distinguished family, his 
maternal grandfather being General Gabriel Slaughter, 
who was with Jackson as a favorite officer at New Orleans, 
and was twice Governor of Kentucky. Through his father, 
Rev. John Tolly Worthington, he was descended from 
Captain Rowland Madison, a nephew of President Madi 
son. He married Miss Anna Lewis, whose father was 
General Andrew Lewis, also a man of distinction. So 
that Edward Stanley Worthington came, on both sides, 
of ancestry honorable and distinguished. 

Edward Worthington was of the leading and success 
ful firm of Norton & Worthington, of Chicago, and was 
a man of sterling business qualities. His character and 
ideals, which were so high in private life, he carried un- 



3/O MEMORIALS. 

changed into his business career. He received his first 
business training at Keokuk, Iowa. Later he was asso 
ciated with Henry Clews & Company, of New York, Mr. 
Clews being his brother-in-law. From New York he 
came, in icS84, to Chicago, and joined Mr. Norton. In 
1889 he married Miss Olivia Porter, a daughter of the 
late Hibbard Porter. He has left no children. His life 
had developed into happiness and success. It ended 
wholly prematurely. He had just built a new home; but 
the sudden seriousness of an illness took him first to Cali 
fornia and then brought him back to Chicago with his 
health gone and his life quite at its end. He did not 
live to enter or to see his new home. 

He has left behind him an abundant circle of grieving 
and admiring friends. He was a man of positive char 
acter, clear-cut views and direct expression, so that no 
one failed to realize his strong individuality. But he 
had that rare generosity of nature, that rare and delicate 
devotion to family and friends, that active sense of all 
men s rights, that ever saving sense of kindly humor and 
that unfailing charm of manner which together make up 
an attractive personality such as marks a man as part of 
the best there is in the world. Business and money 
making left his mind without a touch that was sordid; 
his experience of life only broadened his sympathies and 
completed his tolerance; and as his years came, one after 
the other, they added increased attractions to his char 
acter and constant increase to the attachment of his 
friends. 

HUNTINGTON W. JACKSOX, 

CHARLES S. MCXTEE, 
GURDOX G. MOORE, 

Committee. 




ARCHIBALD MEANS. 

Captain Fourteenth Kentucky Infantry, United States Volunteers 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, May 22, 



TfjRCHIBALD MEANS was born in Allegheny County, 
[\ Pennsylvania, March 31, 1833, an( l cue d at Chicago, 
^* Illinois, May 22, 1898. 

He was descended from Scotch-Irish ancestors, who 
emigrated to this country prior to the Revolutionary War; 
indeed, on his mother s side, his ancestors had emigrated 
as early as 1657. 

Captain Means acquired an academic education, but, 
because of impaired health, at the age of eighteen went 
upon a farm, in the hope that outdoor exercise would 
recuperate his energies. In 1853 he removed from Ohio 
to Kentucky, where he continued to reside until the 
breaking out of the War of the Rebellion. 

371 



3/ 2 MEMORIALS. 

He voted for Mr. Buchanan in 1856 and for Mr. Lin 
coln in 1860. Upon the breaking out of the war, in June, 
1 86 1, he recruited a company of loyal men of Kentucky, 
which was afterwards known as Company E, Fourteenth 
Regiment Kentucky Volunteers. He was elected Captain 
of the company, receiving his commission October 16, 
1861. He was assigned to General James A. Garfield s 
Brigade and served until October, 1862, when, on ac 
count of ill health, he was obliged to resign. After the 
battle of Cumberland Mountain, Captain Means was taken 
ill, and sent home on a leave of absence. It was thought 
by his comrades that he would never live to again rejoin 
the army. He, however, recovered, and was assigned to 
the Staff of General A. J. Smith, where he served until 
October, 1862. 

After his resignation he located in Pittsburg, Penn 
sylvania, and later in Manchester, Ohio. In 1871 he 
removed to Peru, Illinois, and at once took a prominent 
position in the commercial affairs of that city. He was 
foremost in the erection of the extensive zinc works at 
that place, and has since been a large stockholder and 
its Vice-President and Manager, capably directing its 
affairs, until it has become one of the leading industries 
in that section of the State. He was a man of progres 
sive methods, of great diligence in business, and of sound 
judgment, and the success of this great enterprise, of 
which he was practically the promoter and manager, at 
tests his well deserved success. 

Captain Means was thrice married, and leaves sur 
viving him his widow and four children, William E. , Arch 
ibald L. , Sadie and Allen H. Means. 

He was a fearless defender of what he believed to be 
right, and he courageously defined and defended his 
course in espousing the Union cause in Kentucky, which 



MEMORIALS. 373 

required great nerve and steadfastness of purpose. If 
more was required to demonstrate this characteristic of 
Captain Means, it might be added that he was one of 
eleven only, in the county in which he lived, who voted 
for Mr. Lincoln in 1860. Having been previously rec 
ognized as a democrat, it required a degree of manly 
courage, scarcely now to be comprehended, to advocate 
and vote the republican ticket in the face of the slave 
holders in control of political affairs in that part of the 
State. 

He was a charter member and an active worker in 
E. N. Kirk Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and, at 
the time of his death, its Commander. On March 10, 
1892, he became a member of this Commandery and 
always took an active interest in the maintenance of its 
honor and integrity. He also took an active interest in 
all local affairs in Peru, and did much and effective work 
in the cause of the city and of public education. He was 
quiet and unassuming, and commanded the respect and 
confidence of the people at large, while to his large circle 
of friends and acquaintances he was more than the mere 
friend he was counsellor, adviser and guide. 

It can be truly said of him that he has deserved well 
of his country, and the service he has performed in in 
culcating patriotism and loyalty to the Government, its 
Constitution and laws, has been only less honorable than 
the service he performed in the field. 

So has passed away another of the old guard of the 
honor of the Republic. Devoted to his family and to 
his friends, and to the best interests of the community 
in which he lived, it may be that no national monument 
will guard his resting place, but by his unfaltering devo 
tion to the principles that underlie American liberty, he 
has earned deserved mention in the annals of the nation. 



374 MEMORIALS. 

In his neighborhood, throughout all the localities that 
knew him, he will be remembered as a kindly, generous 
man as the unswerving and unfaltering advocate of the 
right, as the true and loyal friend and genial Companion. 

DOUGLAS HAPEMAN, 
JOHN D. CRABTKEE, 
JOHN MC\VILLIAMS, 

Committee. 




GEORGE WILLIAM CANDEE. 

Colonel and Assistant Paymaster General, United States Army 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, /line 10, 



e^ONEL George W. Candee, Assistant Paymaster 
General, and Chief Paymaster, Department of the 
Lakes, was born in New Jersey, April 2, 1836, and ap 
pointed from civil life into the army from Illinois. 

Additional Paymaster, U. S. V., February 23, 1864; 
accepted, April 18, 1864; honorably mustered out, Jan 
uary 15, 1866; appointed Major and Paymaster, United 
States Army, January 17, 1867; accepted, April 11, 1867; 
promoted Deputy Paymaster General with rank of Lieu 
tenant Colonel, United States Army, January 22, 1893; 
promoted Assistant Paymaster General with rank of 
Colonel, United States Army, January 7, 1897. 



3/6 MEMORIALS. 

His early duties were in New Orleans, Mobile, etc. ; 
afterwards on duty in the Southwest. In January, 1870, 
he was ordered to St. Paul, Minnesota, and paid the 
troops at posts in that region; was badly frozen on several 
of his pay trips in the North. In iS/8 he was ordered to 
Washington, and from there paid the troops around that 
city. In September, 1882, he was ordered to Chicago, 
and in 1886 to St. Louis. In 1887 he was ordered to 
Helena, Montana; in 1890 to Chicago; in 1892 to Detroit, 
Michigan, and in 1893 again to Chicago, where he died 
June 10, 1898, surrounded by his family a wife and 
four children. 

Colonel Candee was always active and faithful in the 
discharge of all his duties, a genial Companion, a loving 
husband, and a kind and indulgent parent. 

THOMAS F. BARR, 
A. HARTSUFF, 
AUGUSTUS H. BAINBRIDGE, 

Com niittec. 




CHARLES WAITE. 

Colonel 7\i cnty-$eren(/i .\fichig-an Infantry, and Brevet Brigadier 

Cieneral , United States I olnnteers. Died at Boulder ^ 

Colorado, fune 2j, iSgS. 

ONCE more the members of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States are called upon 
to mourn the loss of another beloved, valued and 
cherished Companion of the Illinois Commandery. Gen 
eral Charles Waite died at Boulder, Colorado, on June 
23, 1898. He was a man of high moral and intellectual 
worth. 

General Waite was born in Orange County, Vermont, 
April i, 1837. His father s family moved to Genesee 
County, New York, in 1840, and settled in DeKalb 
County, Illinois, in 1854. General Waite not only re- 

377 



MEMORIALS. 

ceived the training of the public schools, but studied a 
year at Warrentown (Illinois) Academy, and two years at 
Beloit College. On concluding his studies, he was in 
duced to go to Northern Michigan, where he was Super 
intendent of the Public Schools of Rockland for several 
years. 

In the fall of 1862 he enlisted in Company A, Twenty- 
seventh Michigan Infantry Volunteers, and was commis 
sioned First Lieutenant October 10, 1862. On the 
i 2th day of April, 1863, just two years after the fall of 
Fort Sumter, his regiment started for the field of active 
duty, and served in Kentucky and Tennessee, taking 
part in the siege of Knoxville, and was then, in April, 
1864, transferred to the Army of the Potomac, where it 
continued, participating in all the advance movements of 
the army under Grant until the close of the war. It was 
at Fort Mahone that his regiment rendered the most 
conspicuous service in its history. Colonel Waite was 
in command, and performed an act of gallant service 
such as is seldom equaled in the annals of military ex 
ploits, and to which reference will be made later. His 
regiment participated in the pursuit of Lee s retreating 
army, and was present at the final act of surrender. 

From " Michigan in the War" the following record is 
taken: "Charles Waite, Rockland, First Lieutenant 
Twenty-seventh Infantry, October 10, 1862; Captain, 
May i, 1863; wounded in action at Spottsylvania, Vir 
ginia, May 12, 1864; Lieutenant Colonel, November 18, 
1864; Colonel, March 6, 1865; Brevet Brigadier General 
U. S. V., April 2, 1865." 

In his military career few have shown such ability, 
adaptability and courage, and in so short a time (only a 
little over two years and a half) perhaps no man ever 
did more to show the true metal of character than our 



MEMORIALS. 3/9 

departed brother. From a private to a Brigadier Gen 
eral in that short time meant not simply the chance and 
change wrought by the vicissitudes of war, but that the 
right man was found to step into the places made vacant 
by the circumstances. In the charge at Fort Mahone, 
when urged by the brigade commander not to attempt 
the feat, but to turn to the right and come within the 
intrenchments, brave Colonel Waite cried out, "Fort or 
nothing ! " and the slogan went from man to man through 
out the regiment, the day was won, and the fort was 
stormed and held. In recognition of this signal act of 
bravery, Colonel Waite was made Brevet Brigadier Gen 
eral, for conspicuous gallantry in the assault upon Peters 
burg, Virginia. 

After the war General Waite returned to Illinois, 
where he engaged in general merchandising until 1869, 
when he settled in Lena, Illinois, and embarked in the 
drug business, but retired from the latter a few years 
later and began the banking business, in which he was 
eminently successful, as he had been in every other ac 
tivity and enterprise. 

General Waite was united in marriage with Miss Emily 
Clement, of Laporte, Indiana, October 11, 1866. There 
were three children born of this union, Charles Clement, 
Daniel and Frederick P., all of whom are living. Mrs. 
Waite departed this life February 20, 1884, leaving be 
hind her the fragrant memory of a consistent Christian 
life, a rich legacy to her devoted husband and loving 
sons, yet in the tender years of youth. 

A few years ago General Waite s own health began to 
break, the direct result of the severe wound received at 
the battle of Spottsylvania, and while he fought the 
ghastly monster consumption, he exhibited the same 
bravery and fortitude he had displayed throughout his 



380 MEMORIALS. 

life, only finally to obey the summons of his Great Com 
mander above, retiring to his couch and quietly sleeping 
his life away. 

Rest, weary comrade, rest, 

Rest on thy honored sheaves, 

Thy harvest work is done; 

Companion, farewell; with thee the fight is won. 

Those who knew General Waite personally sorrow in 
the loss of a manly Companion and an affectionate friend. 
In his private life he had ever been inflexibly honest and 
ever true to his own convictions of right. He was a 
useful citizen and neighbor, a kind, sympathetic and 
helpful friend, an earnest, truthful, trustful, Christian 
gentleman. But few men have identified their names 
and careers more indelibly with the history of the volun 
teer army than he, and the precious heritage belongs to 
us, his companions in arms, as well as to his immediate 
family. His life of success and usefulness will be a les 
son to this and future generations of young men, for he 
was as brave and as faithful as he was kind, genial and 
generous. We loved and honored him living, and mourn 
him dead. To his ashes peace, to his memory everlast 
ing honor. 

JAMES A. SEXTON, 
CHARLES R. E. KOCH, 
WILLIAM TODD, 

Committee. 




GEORGE WASHINGTON SMITH. 

Lieutenant Colonel Eighty-eighth Illinois Infantry, and Brevet 

Brigadier General, United States Volunteers. Died at 

Chicago, Illinois, September 16, iSqS. 

,NOTHER gallant soldier who devotedly did his part 
towards the salvation of our country in the days 
of its sore need, 1861 to 1865, another good citi 
zen has gone from among us, and again our Commandery 
is called upon to mourn. 

On the 1 6th day of September, 1898, our late Com 
panion, Lieutenant Colonel and Brevet Brigadier General 
George Washington Smith, departed this life at the age 
of sixty-two years, after an illness sudden in its close, 
but which had for years sapped his strength and vitality, 
and sorely tried his fortitude and patience. 

381 



382 MEMORIALS. 

How many have already gone; how rapidly they are 
going; and how many soon must follow ! 

Happy indeed will these be if their record of life be 
so gallant, so pure and so stainless as his for whom we 
now mourn. 

George W. Smith was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
Januarys, 1837. From 1848 to 1854 he attended school 
at the academy in Albany, New York, with the exception 
of one year, which he passed in the office of the Benton & 
Albany Railroad Company. Early desirous to be self- 
supporting, he went to Helena, Arkansas, in 1854, to 
teach school. The school for which he had been engaged 
being abandoned, he, not willing to confess defeat, him 
self established a school of fifty scholars in the country, 
about twelve miles from Helena, which he conducted 
with success for a year. 

In the spring of 1856 he returned to Albany, and be 
gan the study of law in the office of John H. Reynolds, 
and also took a complete course of instruction at the 
Albany Law School. Having finished his studies, his 
enterprising nature led him to desire a newer and wider 
field for his work than the older states and cities afford 
ed, and, removing to Chicago in 1858, he opened a modest 
law office at No. 10 South Clark street. Here he was 
devoting himself to the slow and plodding life of the 
young attorney. Here he was learning to 

"Scorn delights and live laborious days;" 

here he was studying and planning and working to lay 
deep and broad the foundations of future success in the 
profession to which he had devoted himself. 

But into this quiet life in 1861 came the dread shad 
ows of the Civil War, and he saw his beloved country 
threatened with destruction at the hands of enraged and 
unreasoning men of the South; and then commenced in 



MEMORIALS. 383 

his soul, as in the soul of many another youth of that day, 
the struggle between the calls of duty and of inclination, 
between the settled and established plan of his life and the 
call to throw all selfish interests to the winds and to devote 
life, honor, everything, to the service of his country man 
fully to risk all for her rescue and salvation. 

His days were disturbed and his nights were without 
rest. He hoped that the trouble would blow over, and 
that passionate and ambitious leaders would be con 
vinced and return to their allegiance before bloody strife 
became inevitable; but, like others, he hoped without 
hope, and before long the roar of artillery, the crash of 
musketry and all the din of actual warfare rolled from 
our Southern border and swept through every Northern 
community, calling to arms every sound and able-bodied 
man and youth. 

With many other members of this Commandery then 
beginning life in Chicago, George W. Smith left all to 
follow duty. He joined a company hastily formed and 
offered to the Governor for immediate service. But 
already the uprising of Northern men had been so general 
that the State s quota was full, and the services of the 
company was not accepted. 

Like many other men of that company he returned 
half-hearted to the pursuits of common life, but con 
vinced that the call for men must soon be more urgent, 
he continued to drill and to study tactics to fit himself 
for usefulness when the emergency should come. In 
August, 1862, the Eighty-eighth Regiment of Illinois Vol 
unteer Infantry was raised in Chicago, and George W. 
Smith went into camp at Camp Douglas as Captain of 
Company A of that regiment. 

In September he moved to the front with the regi 
ment, and he served with it throughout the war, never 



384 MEMORIALS. 

absent from duty except when incapacitated by frequent 
wounds. As soon as a wound was healed he was again 
on duty and gallantly leading his men against the enemy. 
He did not fail to participate in every battle in which 
this very active regiment was engaged. His conspicuous 
personal courage, steadiness and ability early attracted 
attention, and naturally he was selected by his comrades 
for promotion. On the first vacancy among the field 
officers, in 1863, he was promoted to Major of the regi 
ment, and in 1864 to Lieutenant Colonel. His gallantry, 
devotion and conspicuously good service secured to him 
what further reward could be given by a grateful Govern 
ment, and for gallantry and meritorious conduct he was 
brevetted successively Colonel and Brigadier General. 

The Eighty-eighth Regiment was engaged in its first 
battle at Perryville, Kentucky, just one month and four 
days after leaving Chicago, and here it won its first dis 
tinction, Captain Smith being notable for courage, cool 
ness and good conduct. Soon after this followed the 
bloody battle of Stone s River. On this fiercely contested 
field, where men faced the merciless volleys from cannon 
and musketry by day, and after dark the more cruel rigors 
of the raw winter night without fires or shelter, Captain 
Smith was severely wounded and captured by the enemy. 

Four days later he managed to escape, and on an old 
horse with a rope bridle and no saddle, which a negro 
helped him to mount, he made his way back to the Union 
lines. He was then sent back to Nashville, and thence 
to Chicago, where care and good nursing restored him to 
health and strength just in time for him to rejoin his 
command at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, as the Army of 
the Cumberland moved forward upon the Middle Ten 
nessee Campaign. 

Passing safely through the battle of Chickamauga, 



MEMORIALS. 385 

Captain Smith, while acting as Major of the regiment, 
was again severely wounded, in the battle of Mission 
Ridge. Having recovered and rejoined his command 
before it moved forward with Sherman s Army upon the 
Atlanta Campaign, he participated with his usual gal 
lantry, enterprise and activity in the battles of Rocky- 
Face Ridge and Resaca, and in the unfortunate but 
bloody charge upon Kenesaw Mountain, where, Lieuten 
ant Colonel George W. Chandler having been killed, the 
command of the regiment devolved upon its Major. 

Soon after this, Major Smith was promoted to Lieu 
tenant Colonel, and as such commanded the regiment 
until its return to Chicago on June 12, 1865, having in 
its ranks at that time two hundred men out of the nine 
hundred with which it went to the front in September of 
1862. At Franklin the regiment under Colonel Smith, 
inspired by his gallant and dashing leadership, rendered 
perhaps its most distinguished service. So efficient and 
valuable were these services that after it reached Nash 
ville in December, General George H. Thomas, accom 
panied by Generals Wood arid Wagner, visited the regi 
ment and publicly thanked it, saying that with the excep 
tion only of Colonel Opdycke, commanding the brigade, 
with whom he shared the honor, to the special gallantry 
and exertions of Colonel Smith, more than to those of 
any other man, was due the repulse of the rebel column, 
the safety of the army, and the victory of the day. " Such 
words as these from the reserved and revered commander 
of the Army of the Cumberland are enough to crown 
with honor and glory the name and career of any soldier, 
however capable and gallant. 

After his return to Chicago at the close of the War of 
the Rebellion, General Smith at once devoted himself 
with his accustomed energy and diligence to the practice 



386 MEMORIALS. 

of his profession, and continued this practice until the 
day before his death, except that during the years 1867 
and 1868, he resided in Springfield, the capital of the 
State, as State Treasurer, to which office his fellow citi 
zens had elected him. 

As a lawyer, General Smith stood in the first rank 
of his profession in Illinois, and was regarded by his fel 
low members of the bar as an eminently trustworthy 
counselor and a skillful, able and powerful advocate. 
The public interest was deeply involved in many impor 
tant cases in which he was engaged, and his name ap 
pears frequently in the reports of the Supreme Court of 
Illinois and the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Perhaps the chief characteristic for which he was dis 
tinguished was the sound common sense which he always 
brought to bear upon the circumstances of any case he 
was engaged in, and the fairness with which he was ever 
ready to see and admit the rights of his opponents, who 
always knew that they need fear no trickery from him, 
but that they could fully depend upon his word. This is 
not the place nor the occasion for a full consideration of 
our late Companion as a lawyer, but we can all take pride 
in the fact that he left a legal record which was as fair 
and stainless as his record as a soldier was gallant and 
honorable. 

As a public-spirited and useful citizen he stood among 
the best known men of this great city. He was always 
interested in all things that concerned the best interests 
of the City, the State, or the Nation, and always glad to 
do his share to promote thess interests. So well known 
were his public spirit and his efficiency that he was con 
stantly called upon to be a leader and to fill positions of 
honor and trust in the various organizations with which 
he was connected. Thus he was not onlv elected Treas- 



MEMORIALS. 387 

urer of the State of Illinois, but he became at various 
times President of the Union League Club and President 
of the Chicago Literary Club, and was for many years 
Vice-President of the Chicago Historical Society. 

Being above the pliancy and obsequiousness of the 
self-seeking politician, he was notably independent in 
thought and action; and in religious as well as in political 
matters he fearlessly stood by what he believed to be 
right, regardless of consequences. Although but a recent 
convert to the Roman Catholic faith, he was already 
considered a leading and influential member of that 
church throughout the Archdiocese of Chicago. 

It may be said that he had no enemies. He carefully 
observed all the courtesies and amenities of life. He had 
a most equable temperament and cherished no malice. 
A delightful conversationalist, he was a charming Com 
panion, and his home was always most attractive to his 
Companions and friends. His courtesy was not an out 
ward veneer, but an inward grace; it sprang from a good 
and honest heart. 

General Smith in his social and family life was a most 
estimable man, his devotion to his wife and his children 
being extreme. He was high-minded, true and ever to 
be depended upon in all his private as well as in his 
public or professional engagements. In short, General 
Smith was morally, intellectually and socially a remark 
able and superior man. In him, it is not too much to 
say, there was 

"A combination and a form, indeed, 
Where every god did seem to set his seal 
To give the world assurance of a man." 

ALEXANDER C. McCLURG, 
MARTIN D. HAKDIN, 
WILLIAM ELIOT FURNESS, 

Committee. 




JAMES LAMBERT HIGH. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Forty-ninth Wisconsin Infantry, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 

October j, 1898. 

IN the death of James L. High, this Commandery has 
lost a distinguished and honored member; one who 
had become endeared to it by many ties of associa 
tion and friendship. 

He was born in Richmond County, Ohio, on the 6th 
day of October, 1844. His family moved to Black Earth 
in Wisconsin when he was ten years old, where he con 
tinued to live until 1860, when he entered the University 
of Wisconsin. 

Mr. High was quietly pursuing his studies at this place 
when the Civil War began in 1861, and although only 

388 



MEMORIALS. 389 

sixteen years of age, he was among the first to volunteer 
in one of the earlier regiments organized in Wisconsin. 
His extreme youth and delicate health induced his father 
to insist at that time on his discharge as a minor, to which 
he reluctantly assented, upon the understanding that as 
soon as his college course should be completed he should 
be free again to offer his services to his country. This was 
accomplished in the spring of 1864, and on the I3th of 
May in that year, Mr. High enlisted as a private soldier in 
the Fortieth Wisconsin Infantry, one of the hundred days 
regiments, where he served in the District of West Ten 
nessee until the expiration of his term of enlistment. 

Very shortly after his return home, he joined the 
Forty-ninth Wisconsin, of which Companion Bishop 
Fallows was Colonel, where he was commissioned First 
Lieutenant and Adjutant on the i6th of February, 1865. 
He served in this regiment in the District of Missouri, 
and as Post Adjutant at St. Louis; as Acting Assistant 
Adjutant General of the First District of Missouri, and 
on General Court Martial until November i, 1865, when 
he was mustered out with his regiment, whose services 
were no longer required. 

The facts with regard to his services in the War of 
the Rebellion, are mainly taken from his own modest 
statement of them in his application for membership in 
this Order. The date at which he was permitted finally 
to enter the service was too late to enable him to share 
in the great battles and campaigns of the war, but his 
military service was marked by a faithful and intelligent 
discharge of every duty which was assigned to him. 

It was a source of profound regret to Mr. High that 
his strong wish to share more fully in the hardships and 
glory of the Civil War could not be realized; he has 
alluded to it as the great disappointment of his life. 



39 MEMORIALS. 

As soon as he was discharged from the service, Mr. 
High joined the Law Department of the University of 
Michigan, where he remained until the summer of 1866, 
when he came to Chicago and at once entered upon his 
chosen profession, of which he was soon to become one 
of the leading members. From that date he continued 
to be a resident of this city, except for a short period, 
when he was compelled, by ill health, to visit Utah and 
Colorado. During this period Mr, High traveled exten 
sively over the mountains of our then unsettled Western 
frontier, and explored the wonders of the Yellowstone, 
long before the great National Park was established. 

He returned to Chicago with restored health, when 
he again entered upon the duties of his profession, which 
he followed during the remainder of his life with a zeal 
and energy that knew neither change nor shadow of 
turning, and in which he achieved such success as few 
men ever attain. 

During the early period of his professional career, Mr. 
High gave much of his time to literature. In 18/0 he 
edited and published an edition of the works of Lord 
Erskine, and in 1873 he finally completed and published 
his great work on "Injunctions," which immediately be 
came one of the leading text-books on that subject. In 
i 874he published a work on Receivers, " and, a year later, 
one on "Extraordinary Remedies." His books on Injunc 
tions and Receivers have gone through several editions, 
and are still increasing in usefulness and demand. 

By the publication of these works, Mr. High s fame 
as a law writer became firmly established on both sides 
of the Atlantic. They are to-day cited in the courts of 
England as well as in those of our own country, in terms 
of highest commendation and approval and are standard 
authorities wherever the English law prevails. 



MEMORIALS. 391 

The career of Mr. High at the bar was an unbroken 
record of success and honor. He was a profound scholar 
and an eloquent speaker. During these busy years of 
professional life he was engaged in many important cases 
in the Supreme Court of the United States and of this 
State, where his presence had become familiar to bench 
and bar. Unlike many of the profession, he never allowed 
public office or political position to lead him away from 
its active duties. Twice he was offered a position as 
Judge of the United States Court, but he declined to 
accept. 

Of his achievements and career at the bar, however, 
this is not the place to speak. We knew him better as 
a friend, a Companion of this Order, in which he took a 
deep interest. We have seen him, not infrequently, 
taking part in its proceedings, and often clearing up 
questions of doubt and controversy by a clear, simple 
statement of the real matter at issue. He will be best 
remembered for the fearless discharge of every duty 
which came to him during his whole career. This was 
the standard by which his conduct was measured during 
his whole life, and he stood ready at all times to do the 
right as it was given him to see the right, without fear 
or favor or regard to results. While strangers might pos 
sibly regard him as reserved in manner, to those who 
knew him well he was as gentle and loving as a woman. 

He bore the pain and suffering of his final illness with 
a gentle patience that was characteristic. Some of the 
incidents of this brief period were exceedingly touching 
and pathetic. 

His only son, a member of this Order, promptly en 
listed as a private in the First Illinois Regiment at the 
commencement of the late war, and shared all its dangers 
and privations. When the reports began to come back 



392 MEMORIALS. 

from the trenches and camps at Santiago, of the sickness 
and hardship incident to a campaign in that climate, 
pride in the soldierly career of the son was accompanied 
by the most intense anxiety for his safety. Of his visit 
to the camps at Montauk, the search for the sick son 
through the army hospitals, the tender meeting between 
them and their return home shortly before Mr. High s 
death, we cannot now speak. With an assured position 
at the bar and in the community, his family again united, 
fame and fortune already achieved, it would seem as if 
his career was rounded and complete. The past at least 
was secure, and the future seemed full of promise. 

With all his great achievements, he was modest and 
retiring. When invited to join this Commandery he at 
first declined, for the sole reason that his own military 
service had been of so brief and unimportant a character 
that he did not feel entitled to membership in an organ 
ization of which Sheridan was Commander, and many of 
the members of which had borne a conspicuous part in 
that mighty conflict in which this country was engaged 
for four years. 

We get a pleasant side glimpse of his character in his 
fondness for outdoor life and manly sports. He was a 
devoted disciple of Izaak W T alton, and every year he was 
accustomed to spend one month at the Salmon Pools of 
Lower Canada. In a letter to a friend in July, 1896, he 
writes that he was "alone with a guide, twenty miles 
from a postoffice, in the heart of the forests of New 
Brunswick, and as happy as a tired lawyer could hope to 
be in this hard-working world." 

Into his beautiful home life, with all its tender asso 
ciations, we cannot enter. The wife of his youth, the 
soldier son and the devoted daughter, are left to mourn 
with us his early death. 



MEMORIALS. 393 

Nothing perhaps, can be said of him more appropriate 
than his own language on the occasion of the death of a 
professional associate: 

"Behind him was the record of a pure and manly 
life. He had fought a good fight. He had wronged no 
man. He had nobly discharged every duty imposed by 
his calling. He had been loyal to every tie which bound 
him to fame and friends. Well might he approach the 
solemn mystery which veils the future, with the assurance 
that for him all was well." 

In the closing paragraph of a tribute to General 
William E. Strong, Mr. High said of him. 

" His tender memory shall rest in the faithful keep 
ing of his associates of this Commandery who knew him 
best and loved him most, until we, in turn, shall have 
joined the great majority, and his well earned fame shall 
remain a part of the heritage to be transmitted to those 
who shall perpetuate our Order through coming time." 

We can add nothing to this tribute to a deceased 
Companion. What he said of General Strong can all 
truthfully be said of him. 

"A life in civic action warm, 

A soul on highest mission sent, 

A potent voice of parliament, 
A pillar steadfast in the storm." 

EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 
HUNTIXGTON W. JACKSON, 
HENRY V. FREEMAN, 

Committee. 




SAMUEL FRANKLIN FARRAR. 

Died at Santa Barbara, California, October /, 

Only brother of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Henry 
Weld Farrar, who died at Chicago, April 17, 1881. 



394 




BENJAMIN WINSLOW UNDERWOOD. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Seventy-second Illinois Infantry, 
United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
October 26, 



evIPANION Benjamin Winslow Underwood was born 
July 7, 1841, at Harwich, Massachusetts. He came 
West in 1856, going to Burlington, Iowa, where he spent 
less than a year. From there he came to Chicago, 
where he lived ever after, with the exception of about 
five years 1889 to 1894 spent in Hutchinson, Kansas. 
He was married to Frances A. Parsons, April 14, 
1864. His business life has been mainly connected with 
the commission business on the Chicago Board of Trade. 
At the time of the Civil War he was a partner in the 
commission house of Underwood & Co., comprising P. 

395 



396 MEMORIALS. 

L. Underwood, S. L. Underwood and B. W. Under 
wood. That firm paid the expenses of recruiting Com 
pany D in the Seventy-second Illinois Infantry, with 
which company he took the field as First Lieutenant. 
Subsequently he became Adjutant of the regiment. 

During the last few 7 years of his life he acted as Secre 
tary of the Omaha Packing Company, and was one of its 
principal representatives on the Chicago Board of Trade. 
He died at Chicago on the 26th day of October, 1898, 
leaving behind him a wife and two grown children a 
son and a daughter. 

For a few years subsequent to the Civil War he was 
a partner in the iron house of Hall Kimbark & Co. His 
five years in Hutchinson, Kansas, were spent in building 
and operating a packing house in the interests of the 
Omaha Packing Company. 

Companion Underwood was one of the truest, man 
liest business men that ever breathed the breath of life. 
His domestic existence was ideal. No stronger words of 
tongue or pen can be said of any man. His memory 
will be revered by his family and friends and ourselves, 
his Companions. 

JOSEPH STOCKTON, 
LEWIS B. MITCHELL, 
JOHN T. MCAULEY, 

Committee. 




HENRY JAMES NOWLAN. 

Major Seventh Cavalry, United States Army. Died at Hot Springs, 
Arkansas, Xovember 10, iSg8 

r^NTERED service as First Lieutenant Fourteenth 
I New York Cavalry, United States Volunteers, 
January 17, 1863; Captain, October 24, 1864; 
transferred to Eighteenth New York Cavalry, United 
States Volunteers, October 24, 1864; mustered out May 
31, 1866; Second Lieutenant Seventh Cavalry, United 
States Army, July 28, 1866; First Lieutenant, February 
i, 1868; Captain, December 9, 1876; Brevet Major 
United States Army, "for gallant services in action 
against Indians at Canyon Creek, Montana, September 
13, 1877," February 27, 1890; Major Seventh Cavalry, 
United States Army, April 7, 1893. War service in the 
Department of the Gulf. 

397 




JOHN CRAWFORD WALKER. 

First Lieutenant Sixty-third United States Colored Troops. Died 
at Chicago, Illinois, December 12, 1898. 

*TLNOTHER member of our Order has been mustered 
f\ out of service. 

" How sleep the brave, who sink to rest 
By all their country s wishes blest." 

Lieutenant and Brevet Captain John Crawford 
Walker died at Chicago, December 12, 1898. 

John Crawford Walker was born in Highland County, 
Ohio, the I4th day of February, 1839. His parents, 
John Howell and Margaret Bay Walker, were both born 
in Rockbridge County, Virginia, and moved to Ohio 
about the year 1814. 

Captain Walker was one of a family of thirteen, hav- 

398 



MEMORIALS. 399 

ing had six brothers and six sisters; he had the unusual 
record of having four brothers in the War of the Rebellion. 
Our deceased Comrade was reared on a farm and had 
the advantage of only a common school education, such 
as was to be obtained in the country districts of Ohio 
during the middle of the present century. 

He was of a happy and hopeful disposition, industrious 
and cheerful, and his obliging nature made him very 
popular and attached to him many warm friends; neutral 
ity was never a faculty in the mental equations of our 
deceased brother. 

At the age of twenty-two, he enlisted on the 26th of 
July, 1 86 1. The company into which he entered be 
came Company H, Twenty-seventh Ohio Volunteer In 
fantry. This regiment was organized at Camp Chase, 
near Columbus, Ohio, in August, 1861, was immediately 
ordered to Missouri, and entered at once into active 
service. Our Comrade was identified with this famous 
regiment until the fall of 1863. He participated in the 
battles of New Madrid and Island Number Ten, under 
General Pope, was in General Thomas s Division in the 
siege of Corinth in the spring of 1862, and participated 
in the battles of luka and Corinth in the fall of the same 
year, under General Rosecrans. He was with his regi 
ment in the winter of 1862, in General Grant s attempt 
to capture Vicksburg by way of Jackson, Mississippi. 
On this campaign, when separated from all hospital 
accommodations, he suffered a severe attack of typhoid 
fever and was subjected to much suffering and many 
hardships, having been moved in an ambulance more 
than twelve miles the day after he had passed through 
the crisis. When the brigade to which his regiment be 
longed the Ohio Brigade was ordered back to Jack 
son, Tennessee, to repel Generals Forrest and Rody, 



4OO MEMORIALS. 

he was still lying at the point of death, and when our 
line was cut at Holly Springs by General Van Dorn, our 
Comrade was sent to the hospital at Corinth. 

Our brother never recovered from the hardships of 
this campaign and was sent home on sick leave, but re 
turned to his regiment determined to sacrifice his life, if 
need be, for his country. 

October 2, 1863, he was appointed Second Lieutenant 
Ninth Louisiana Infantry, and, September 26, 1864, was 
commissioned First Lieutenant, Company G, Sixty- 
third United States Colored Infantry, at which time he 
was detached from his regiment and appointed Assistant 
Superintendent of Freedmen, District of Memphis, 
Tennessee. 

Later, Lieutenant Walker was appointed Superin 
tendent of President s Island, and April 24, 1865, was 
commissioned Captain of the Sixty-third United States 
Colored Infantry. October 4, 1865, he was discharged 
on account of physical disability, not having been 
mustered as Captain. 

In every position he was called to fill he was efficient, 
faithful and capable, enjoying the confidence and respect 
of his superior officers. 

Captain Walker made an army record that any man 
might be proud of. But, after an army service of more 
than four years, when peace was declared he became 
reticent and would not talk upon the subject of his own 
personal experiences, saying: "The thoughts of war fill 
me with horror; let us build up the reunited country and 
make it great, but let us never forget that we were 
eternally right." 

In 1866 Captain Walker came to Illinois, locating 
in Tuscola, where he was married, May /, 1867, to Miss 
Kate Am men, who survives him. Two children were 



MEMORIALS. 40 1 

born of that marriage, the younger of whom, Charles 
R., preceded his father to the Spirit Land; the older 
son Jo. M. Walker, is a successful lawyer, residing at 
Tuscola, Illinois, and with him the widow of our dear 
brother makes her home. To them we extend our 
sympathy, when those we love have come and gone. 

After coming to Illinois, Captain Walker engaged in 
secular pursuits and few men have passed through more 
diversified experiences than he, not all of them being 
satisfactory; yet he had what forms the basis of all great 
characters energy; and by his indomitable persever 
ance succeeded in laying by a competency, notwith 
standing the vicissitudes of army life had laid the founda 
tion for years of suffering, and finally caused his death. 

Before disease had undermined his system, Captain 
Walker was a man of good physique and strong individu 
ality; he was a great reader, a student of past events, 
thoroughly posted on current literature, and had the 
faculty of expressing himself with clearness and firmness. 
The history of our political parties was as familiar to 
him as was the Pentateuch to the ancient Hebrew. At 
the period of his greatest activity he appeared to be ac 
quainted with nearly all the prominent politicians of the 
country, especially with those of Illinois; was related to 
many of them either by consanguinity or marriage, and 
also to men of distinction in the army and navy. 

Socially our brother was a fine conversationalist; he 
welcomed his friends to his pleasant home in that courtly 
manner characteristic of the affable gentleman. He 
loved his friends and loved to love them, and would de 
fend them from aspersions from any and all sources. 

He was fortunate in having a kind, noble and 
patriotic wife, to whom he was greatly attached; a wife 
who, when the sunshine of prosperity shone brightly 



402 MEMORIALS. 

along their pathway, was his companion and counsellor, 
and when affliction came, imposed upon herself the 
arduous task of nurse, and whether at the vesper or 
matin or in the silent vigil of the midnight hour, the 
faithful watcher was at her post, deeming the trust 
too sacred to delegate to another, notwithstanding hosts 
of friends stood ready to render all possible assistance. 

Our brother was a firm believer in revealed religion; 
a member of the Methodist Church and, while in his 
younger days inclined to be a fatalist, yet for many years 
he had been in full sympathy with the grand truth that 
whosoever feareth God and worketh righteousness is ac 
cepted of Him. 

The last roll call on this side the River of Life has 
been answered, and we, the surviving Comrades say, 
"Farewell, brave soldier, comrade, friend, until we 
greet you in the Elysian Fields. For this mortal must 
put on immortality." 

JAMES L. REAT, 
FRANCIS M. WRIGHT, 
JACOB W. WILKIN, 

Committee. 




CHARLES W. DAVIS. 

Lieutenant Colonel Fifty-first Illinois Infantry, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, December 75, iSqS. 

CHARLES WILDER DAVIS, late Commander of the 
V^ Illinois Commandery of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States, was born at Concord, 
Massachusetts, on the iithdayof October, 1833. He 
died at Chicago, Illinois, on the I5th day of December, 
1898. 

If it were all of life, merely to live, thus briefly could 
be told the story of every human life. But those of us 
who, during all the years of our association in this Com 
mandery, have had the pleasure and the privilege of in 
timate acquaintance with our late Commander, know 
that the story of his life cannot be thus briefly told. 

403 



404 MEMORIALS. 

His ancestors were among the earliest settlers of 
Massachusetts. They had lived in what became the his 
toric town of Concord, Massachusetts, for nearly a cen 
tury before his birth. It is not strange, growing up to 
manhood amid the traditions of the neighborhood, so in 
separably identified with the history of the American 
Revolution, that both the patriotic and the military 
spirit should have been strongly cultivated in Companion 
Davis during all his earlier years. Familiar association 
with Lexington and Concord Bridge was an admirable 
school of preparation for the service which the country 
was so soon to demand in the eventful years of the com 
ing Civil War. 

When eighteen years of age, Companion Davis be 
came a member of the Concord Company of the Fifth 
Regiment of Massachusetts Militia. Here he took his 
first -^lessons in the school of the soldier. He attained 
the rank of Corporal and took an active interest in the 
drills, musters and parades of the company, and those 
of the regiment to which it belonged. He himself has 
left a brief record of his recollections of an interesting 
special service which the company was called upon to 
perform, and by which he was greatly impressed. This 
was when, in March, 1854, the Division to which his 
regiment was attached was ordered by the Governor of 
the State to Lexington, to perform escort duty at the 
funeral of Private Jonathan Harrington, the last survivor 
of the company of minute-men who faced the British 
regulars at Lexington on the eventful morning of April 
T 9> T 775- "The Acton and Concord Companies," to 
quote Colonel Davis own narrative of the occasion, 
"were especially designated in orders as a bodyguard, 
and, in performing this duty, marched near the hearse 
to the slow music of the Dead March from Saul, and 



MEMORIALS. 405 

entered the old graveyard back of the church. At the 
grave, and after the body had been lowered, we fired 
three volleys, and, left in front, inarched out of and 
away from the graveyard, to the quickstep of Yankee 
Doodle. 

Another incident of Colonel Davis s youth is of inter 
est, as showing the patriotic ardor which he seems to 
have breathed in with the atmosphere of his birthplace. 
It had been the habit in Concord to celebrate the Kjth 
of April that day when 

" By the rude bridge that arched the flood, 
Their flag to April s breeze unfurled, 

once the embattled farmers stood, 
And fired the shot heard round the world," 

by firing a national salute at sunrise, repeating the same 
at noon and again at sunset, and flinging the national 
flag to the breeze from the top of the liberty-pole in the 
center of the town. On one of these anniversaries, when 
young Davis was about seventeen years of age, for some 
reason the customary morning salute had been omitted, 
and no preparation had been made for the further ob 
servance of the day. "Some one had blundered," he 
says. Young Davis was not willing that the day should 
pass unhonored. He immediately undertook to raise 
money among his father s friends, bought the necessary 
powder, enlisted his mother and some of her friends in 
the work of making a hundred flannel cartridge-bags, 
had the two brass six-pounders dragged to the top of 
Garrison Hill, and at noon the guns thundered forth their 
salutation to the day and to the memory of the "embat 
tled farmers" who struck the first blow for American 
liberty and independence. Davis himself fired the pieces, 
using a slow match on the end of a match stock about 
four feet in length. "Lanyards," he says, "were not 
then in use, or at least those guns did not have them; 



406 MEMORIALS. 

and standing by the side of the piece, I had to reach with 
the slow match over the wheel to the vent. It kept me 
pretty active, going from piece to piece; but while the 
effect was to make me somewhat deaf for the time being, 
I yet considered it quite the proudest day of my life." 

When, on the I3th of April, 1861, the booming guns 
fired upon Fort Sumter proclaimed that the war of the 
great Rebellion had actually begun, Companion Davis 
was residing in Chicago, where he had lived for the six 
preceding years, connected with the book publishing firm 
of S. C. Griggs & Company. 

We, the boys and young men of that day and gener 
ation, can never forget the thrill of indignation which the 
echoes of those Confederate guns awoke in the loyal 
heart of the North. Companies were formed everywhere. 
Young men and boys began to learn the military exer 
cises which were to fit them for the stern conflict of the 
coming years. 

Companion Davis at once made up his mind to enter 
the service. He knew that the Concord company of 
militia, of which he had been a member before coming 
to Chicago, had been among the first to go to the front, 
and was then somewhere in the vicinity of Washington. 
He wrote, on the 22d of May, to its Captain, offering his 
services and asking if there was not room for him in the 
company. The Captain replied that while he would be 
glad to have him join, yet as the term of enlistment was 
only three months, he thought Davis would hardly be 
justified in going a thousand miles for so short a term of 
service. 

Early in that month, however, he joined a company 
formed here in Chicago, composed of young men, mostly 
his friends and acquaintances, under the leadership of 
Luther P. Bradley, now General Bradley, United States 



MEMORIALS. 4O/ 

Army, retired. The company was tendered to the Gov 
ernor, but as the quota of the State was full, could not 
be accepted. It kept up its organization, nevertheless, 
for several months, as its members were quite sure that 
before long they would be needed. 

Companion Davis s military experience in the Concord 
Company now stood him in good stead. He became one 
of the company drill-masters, and his zeal and efficiency 
in this service attracted attention and led ultimately to 
his connection with the Fifty-first Regiment of Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry. 

The Company under Captain Bradley, familiarly 
known as Company D among its members, was not ac 
cepted and did not enter the service as an organization. 
Most of its members, however, afterwards found service 
in other organizations, over eighty of them as commis 
sioned officers, and won honorable records. Some of 
them rose to distinction in the following years of war. 
One service which the company performed was that of 
escort duty at the funeral of Senator Stephen A. Douglas, 
June 7, 1 86 1. 

Meanwhile, Companion Davis was looking for an op 
portunity to enter some organization destined to active 
service, and had about made up his mind to sign the 
muster roll of what was known as the Normal Regiment, 
afterward the Thirty-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
under command of Colonel Charles E. Hovey. Just at 
this time, through his friend Bradley, came the proposi 
tion from Colonel George W. Gumming, who had seen 
him acting as drill sergeant, offering him the adjutancy 
of the regiment which he Gumming had received au 
thority to raise, and of which Luther P. Bradley was to 
be Lieutenant Colonel. 

The organization of this regiment, which became the 



408 MEMORIALS. 

Fifty-first Illinois, was completed at Camp Douglas, 
where it remained from September, 1861, until the I4th 
day of February, 1862, when it boarded the cars of the 
Illinois Central Railroad and started for Cairo, to begin 
actual service in the field. It was soon after attached 
to the Second Brigade, Fourth Division, Army of the 
Mississippi, and took part in the investment and siege of 
Island Number Ten, and subsequently in the advance 
upon, and siege of Corinth. 

Some two months after the fall of Corinth, the divi 
sion marched to Nashville, and there remained doing 
garrison duty during the period known as the Siege of 
Nashville, while the armies of Generals Buell and Bragg 
were endeavoring to get ahead of each other in a race to 
the Ohio River. 

September 3Oth, 1862, Adjutant Davis was elected 
by his brother officers and commissioned Major of the 
regiment. This promotion over officers of the regiment, 
his superiors in rank, was a most unusual honor, and it 
self bears testimony to the confidence he had command 
ed, to his efficiency as an officer and character as a man. 
In the re-arrangement which preceded the advance of 
the Army of the Cumberland upon Murfreesboro, the 
Fifty- first Illinois was attached to the Third Division, 
which constituted a part of the right wing, under com 
mand of General Philip Sheridan. 

At the battle of Stone s River, on the 3ist of Decem 
ber, 1862, the Division of General Sheridan bore for a 
time the brunt of the Confederate assault upon our right, 
and suffered severe loss. Every brigade commander in 
the Division was killed, and, though gradually forced 
back by overwhelming numbers, it maintained its organi 
zation, retiring in good order and inflicting severe loss 
upon the attacking force. 



MKMORIALS. 409 

During the fight that clay in the well-known cedars, 
Major Davis, then in command of his regiment, was 
wounded by a rebel bullet through the right arm while, 
sword in hand, he was cheering on his men. Partially 
recovering from this wound, he rejoined his regiment at 
Murfreesboro and with it took part in the Tullahoma 
Campaign and the advance upon Chattanooga. 

At the battle of Chickamauga, in September follow 
ing, during the conflict of Sheridan s Division with Hood s 
command of Long-street s Corps, his horse was shot under 
him. October 6th, 1863, Major Davis was promoted to 
the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. 

In that famous charge of the Army of the Cumber 
land up Mission Ridge, Colonel Davis, again in command 
of his regiment, was once more severely wounded, re 
ceiving a bullet through the right thigh when about two- 
thirds up the Ridge. In consequence of this wound, 
which was serious in its nature, he was under treatment, 
much of the time in the hospital, for about eight months. 
At the end of this period, being still unlit for active 
service, he was, the 4th of October, 1864, by order of 
the War Department, assigned to light duty at St. Louis, 
upon the Staff of Major General Rosecrans. The /th of 
December, 1864, he was appointed acting Provost Mar 
shal General, Department of Missouri, from which ap 
pointment he was relieved at his own request and, De 
cember 26th following, was appointed Assistant Provost 
Marshal General. April 29, 1865, he received orders 
from Major General G. M. Dodge to proceed to Northern 
Arkansas in order to propose terms of surrender to the 
Confederate General Jeff Thompson, and, on the iith 
of May following, he received the surrender of General 
Thompson with 7,454 of his officers and men. Upon 
that day, May 11, 1865, Lieutenant Colonel Davis was 



4IO MEMORIALS. 

promoted and commissioned Colonel, but his regiment 
had at this time become so reduced by the casualties of 
war that he could not then be mustered with that rank. 

June 30, 1865, the war being over, Colonel Davis 
was honorably discharged from service for disability on 
account of wounds and returned to Chicago, again to 
pick up the thread of civil duties which he had dropped 
at the call to arms. 

Thus is briefly told in outline the story of Companion 
Davis s very honorable military career. With most of his 
career since the war, the members of this Commandery 
are familiar. May 16, 1885, he became Recorder of the 
Commandery, a position to which he was successively 
re-elected annually, until May, 1896, when he voluntarily 
retired from that position. 

Of his services to the Legion in his capacity as Re 
corder, we cannot speak too highly. No duty was ever 
neglected. He gave generously and disinterestedly of 
his time and strength. The honor of the Commandery 
and of each of its members was always near and dear to 
his heart. With native magnanimity he at one time de 
clined a nomination for Commander, lest it should bring 
him into conflict with another whom he felt to be then 
entitled to the honor. In May, 1898, the Commandery 
did honor to itself by electing him to the highest place 
in its gift, little dreaming that he was so soon to be 
called away from earth, before the expiration of his term 
of service in the high position which he filled so grace 
fully and acceptably. His interest in the Commandery 
continued to be manifested almost to his latest breath. 
When himself unable to write he dictated letters which 
were written by his devoted wife, upon matters relating 
to its interests. 

He was always and everywhere the genial, efficient, 



MEMORIALS. 411 

modest gentleman. "None knew him but to love him, 
none named him but to praise." The arm shattered by 
the stroke of battle was never raised in defense of what 
he thought was wrong, nor in opposition to what he be 
lieved to be right. In a notice published since his death 
it was said of him: 

"Sweetness, gentleness and true manliness were 
never more beautifully combined in one man than in 
Charles Wilder Davis. Underneath the button of the 
Loyal Legion, which was never absent from his breast, 
there beat a heart as tender as a woman s, as true as 
truth, and as brave as the occasion. There was not a 
coarse fiber in the nature or physique of this man of 
delicate mould and strong will. His career in the army 
and since has been a striking exemplification of the sen 
timent that the bravest are the tenderest, the loving are 
the daring. 

Some members of this Commandery there are who 
recall that when, some three years ago, the National 
Park at Chickamauga was dedicated, Colonel Davis was 
one of several who took advantage of the occasion to 
visit scenes which, in the stress and storm of battle years, 
had become to us holy ground. There, on the slope of 
Mission Ridge, he found the place where his participation 
in the charge up the heights had been stopped by a Con 
federate bullet; and there, as the memories of those 
heroic days came rushing over him like a flood, he sat 
down and cried like a child. 

We cannot be unmindful of the fact that time is thin 
ning out our ranks, almost as rapidly now, if such a thing 
can be possible, as they were thinned by battle bullets 
in the days of war. Out of five members of this Com 
mandery who, only three short years ago, returned to 
gether from Chattanooga on that occasion in the same 



412 MEMORIALS. 

car, three of the number, our late Companions Ducat, 
High and Davis, have passed over to the majority. 

Into the sacred privacy of the family circle we cannot 
enter. Colonel Davis was married on the 22d day of 
September, 1870, to Emma Frances, daughter of Captain 
John B. Moore, of Concord, Massachusetts, who, with 
their son, Bradley Moore Davis, a member of this Com- 
mandery, instructor in botany in the University of Chi 
cago, now survives him. To them, w r hose loss is greater 
than ours, the Commandery can only express its deep 
and heartfelt sympathy. 

D \Yhen, at the close of that December Sabbath day, 
we stood about his grave as the sun sank in the western 
sky, while the bugle call to which he had so often list 
ened in camp and field in the stirring days of war, floated 
out upon the still evening air, its dying notes closed the 
last service of earth over the mortal remains of one of 
the truest of men and the knightliest of soldiers. 

" The heart so leal, the hand of steel 
Are palsied now for strife, 
But the noble deed and the patriot s meed 
Are left of the hero s life. 
The bugle call and the battle ball 
Again shall rouse him never; 
He fought and fell, he served us well, 
His furlough lasts - forever." 

HENRY V. FREEMAN, 
GEORGE K. DAUCHY, 
ARHA N. WATERMAN, 

Committee. 




JOHN BROWN HAMILTON. 

Died at I<*Jgin, Illinois, December 24, iSqS. 

^TOHN BROWN HAMILTON was directly descended 
from the Scottish clan whose name he bore. He 
was born December I, icS4/, in a small village of 
Jersey County, Illinois, where his father officiated as a 
clergyman, exercising also a wide influence upon the 
community outside of the village by his teaching as an 
anti-slavery agitator and by his exertions in behalf of the 
foundation of institutions of learning. A boyhood molded 
by such a parent could scarcely fail to give promise of a 
bright future. Here was acquired that fondness for books 
and the lore of letters that became a fine part of the ma 
ture man. Dr. Hamilton, at all times of his life, found 
his most delightful recreation in seeking, finding and ex- 

4*3 



414 MEMORIALS. 

ploring a quaint volume that the world had well-nigh 
forgotten. 

In the labor of the fields, of the printing office, and 
of the village apothecary, young Hamilton spent his wak 
ing hours until his seventeenth year, when at the out 
break of the Civil War he entered the ranks of the army 
of the Union as a private and in this way gained an 
intimate knowledge of the duties, needs, and responsi 
bilities of the soldier, which became invaluable to him 
in after life. 

Dr. Hamilton (insignia 6804) entered our Order as a 
Companion of the vSecond Class on the 6th day of Feb 
ruary, 1889, and became a Companion of the First Class 
"in succession" on November 11, 1894, in consequence 
of the decease, on that date, of his father, Companion 
Chaplain Benjamin Brown Hamilton, late U. S. V., at 
the time in affiliation with the Commandery of the State 
of Illinois. 

On the conclusion of the war, in 1867, young Ham 
ilton entered as a student in Rush Medical College, and 
after completing the curriculum of that institution was 
graduated with honor. During the succeeding four years 
he practiced medicine among his early associates in his 
native place. 

In 1874, after enduring the severe ordeal of the exam 
inations for the regular service, Dr. Hamilton was coin- 
missioned an Assistant Surgeon in the United States Army 
and during his term of service had experience of military 
life from one seacoast of our country to another. As a 
result of this experience he began to interest himself in 
the Marine Hospital Service of the Treasury Department 
which was then poorly organized and irregularly equipped 
both with medical men and material. Dr. Hamilton 
then resigned his army commission and after a competi- 



MEMORIALS. 415 

tive examination which demonstrated his special fitness 
for the post, was appointed an Assistant Surgeon in that 
service and at the head of the list of applicants of the 
same date. His remarkable gift of organization and his 
military training here speedily advanced him from grade 
to grade until in 1887, on the death of the former occu 
pant of the position, Dr. Hamilton was made Surgeon 
General of the United States Marine Hospital Service. 
His life in Washington when filling this high position 
brought him into close contact with many of the distin 
guished men of his day, including not only the President 
of the United States, but cabinet officers, members of 
Congress, and the military men of all branches of the 
service. His advice was now repeatedly sought on ques 
tions of the greatest national importance, chiefly in the 
matter of quarantine in seasons of epidemic threatening 
the inhabitants of our country. General Hamilton at 
one time accompanied the Secretary of the United States 
Treasury to Europe on an important mission connected 
with his branch of the service. At these times his vigi 
lance extended along the entire seaboard of the country 
and his influence had a bearing in shaping the legislation 
which has protected our shores during recent years from 
incursions of foreign-bred pestilence. During the period 
of his greatest activity in Washington, Dr. Hamilton 
found time to busy himself with his lectures in the Med 
ical Department of the University of Georgetown, where, 
by special invitation of the Faculty, he was filling the 
chair of Surgery. 

In the year 1891, Dr. Hamilton was called to the chair 
of Principles of Surgery in Rush Medical College, Chicago; 
and, attracted by the large opportunities of the metrop 
olis of his native State, he did not hesitate to abandon at 
once all the important positions be held in Washington. 



4l6 MEMORIALS. 

It was soon after this change that the American Medical 
Association elected Dr. Hamilton editor-in-chief of its 
official publication, The Journal of the American Medical 
Association. Here, as in other positions which he held, 
his amazing power of organization, his exact methods, and 
his fine literary acquirements, served him greatly. The 
Journal rose at once by leaps and bounds, until in its 
size, its circulation, its influence in his profession, and 
last but not least in its financial prosperity, it found itself 
in the forefront of the publications of its class edited in 
America. 

Dr. Hamilton was tendered the superintendency of the 
State Hospital for the Insane at Elgin in this State; and 
though it seemed impossible for him to assume this bur 
den in addition to his work in the Presbyterian Hospital, 
his physical strength proved equal to the task. The 
Elgin Asylum was never more economically, more skill 
fully, and more carefully managed than under Dr. Ham 
ilton s administration. 

The energy and unbounded capacity of our Companion 
for labor seemed to acknowledge no limits. By invitation 
of the Governor, Dr. Hamilton was also commissioned 
Colonel of one of the regiments of the State, composed 
of sons of veterans; and among his last official duties was 
the providing of arms, rations and uniforms for two com 
panies of his regiment when they started for service in 
connection with the labor troubles which were then 
threatening the peace of Pana. 

The recital of the self-imposed tasks and multiform 
duties which made up the life of our departed Compan 
ion, furnishes a tale that must seem marvelous to those 
the current of whose lives has flowed on smoothly and 
without diversification from year to year. We believe 
that the key-note to this remarkable career is to be sought 



MEMORIALS. 417 

in the early discipline which young 1 Hamilton received as 
a private in the ranks of the American army. Here he 
learned lessons of strict obedience, of unhesitating re 
sponse to every call to duty, of fearlessness, of unselfish 
ness, and of that high sense of honor which is nowhere 
better cultivated than under the genial warmth of a fine 
esprit dc corps. Add to this schooling, a love of books, 
a scholastic method, and a professional training, and the 
result is before us. Dr. Hamilton was successful in 
every interest with which he was associated; he prized 
his record above all riches; his fingers were never soiled 
by contact with unworthily acquired gains; and his life 
ended unblemished and worthily rounded out, after some 
of the serious complications of typhoid fever, on the 24th 
of December, 1898. 

" Some with the bayonet in hand, 

Some with the sword-blade fought; 
Some of us ordered to stay and stand, 

Some how to die were taught ! 
But by order of the Captain-King 

Though our comrades be fast sped, 
On His muster-call the names shall ring 

Of the living and the dead ! " 

RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 
JAMES NEVINS HYDK, 
DANIEL K. BROWER, 

Committee- 




GEORGE PRESSLY McCLELLAND. 

Captain One Hundred and Fifty fifth Pennsylvania Infantry and 
Brevet Major, United States Volunteers. Died at Daven 
port, lozua, December 27, 1898. 

ONCE more we mourn the loss of a beloved, honored 
and patriotic Companion. George P. McClelland, 
was born November 11, 1842, at Pittsburg, Penn 
sylvania, the youngest of six children,, and died at Daven 
port, Iowa, December 27, 1898. The call to the 
defense of the Union, found him at the age of nineteen, 
possessed of a fairly good schooling, and an acquaint 
ance with hard work that was born of actual contact. 
He had never been of rugged health, and when he en 
listed, in the One Hundred and Fifty-fifth Pennsylvania 
Infantry, his family and friends feared that he would 

418 



MEMORIALS. 419 

succumb to the privations of a soldier s life. His record 
as a soldier, however, was one of the best. 

Before leaving camp, he was made a Corporal. After 
Antietam, he was a Sergeant; after Fredericksburg, an 
Orderly Sergeant; after Gettysburg, a Second Lieu 
tenant; after the Battle in the Wilderness, a Captain; 
after Five Forks, a Brevet Major. 

The commission that made Captain McClelland a 
Brevet Major, reads, "For gallant and meritorious con 
duct at the Battle of Five Forks, " 

He participated in nine of the great battles of the 
Rebellion. He was wounded in the right foot at North 
Anna but was only a short time off duty. His left hip 
was terribly shattered at Five Forks, and a comrade 
who gave him his flask, remarked, "That is all he will 
need in this world." Removed to the hospital in Pitts- 
burg, he was found and nursed back to life, by his sister 
Anna, but the wound made him an invalid for life. 
Though a great sufferer, no one was more patriotic and 
his love for the flag was intense. 

He became a resident of Davenport, Iowa, in 1867, 
since which time, he has been prominently identified in 
the progress and growth of that city. As an organizer 
and President of the Davenport Building and Loan As 
sociation, he has assisted the industrious poor to build 
many homes. An organizer and supporter of scientific 
charity, he has been of great benefit to the worthy poor. 

Of scholarly tastes, he added the charm of culture to 
that of frank, honest friendship. We shall miss his wise 
counsel and genial Companionship, but the memory of 
his patriotic, generous and noble manhood will ever be 
an inspiration for good. MORTON L. MARKS, 

EUGENE B. HAYWARD, 
MELZAR J. EAGLE, 

Co nun it tec. 




LEWIS HENRY BOUTELL. 

Major Forty-fifth Missouri Infant ry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Washington, District of Columbia, January 16, 



IEWIS H. BOUTELL was born at Boston, Massa 
chusetts, July 21, 1826, and died at Washington, 
^"~ - * District of Columbia, January 16, 1899. He 
graduated from Brown University in 1844, and from 
the Harvard Law School in 1847. 

Commencing the practice of law in his native city, 
he there remained until September 26, 1862; when he 
enlisted as a private in the Forty-fifth Massachusetts 
Infantry. 

September 29, 1864, he was made Major of the 
Forty-fifth Missouri Volunteers. 

While with the Forty-fifth Massachusetts he went 

420 



MEMORIALS. 421 

with it to Newborn, North Carolina, where, in December, 
1862, he was transferred to the Signal Corps, serving 
therein under General Foster and General Hunter. 

As Major of the Forty-fifth Missouri he took part in 
the defense of Jefferson City when it was attacked by 
General Price. 

In December, 1(864, he was ordered to Nashville, 
and there served under General Thomas at the battle of 
Nashville. 

At the expiration of his term of service, March 6, 
1865, he was mustered out. 

Coming to Chicago in 1865, he was for a time Assist 
ant United States Attorney in the office of the District 
Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois. 

The duties of this position he filled with great credit 
to himself and satisfaction to those with whom he came 
in contact. 

At this time, when many new questions consequent 
upon the internal revenue measures adopted during the 
war were arising, Mr. Boutell was the lawyer upon 
whose judgment dependence was placed and action had 
by the government officials in this district. 

Shortly after the great fire of 1871 Mr. Boutell en 
gaged in private practice, becoming a member of the 
law firm of Upton, Boutell & Waterman. 

Thereafter the firm was changed by the retirement 
of Mr. Upton upon his election to the bench, and the 
admission of Mr. H. S. Boutell, now one of the members 
of Congress elected from this city. 

Some ten years ago Mr. Boutell retired from the 
active practice of his profession and devoted the declin 
ing years of his life to travel and literary pursuits. 

Visiting the Old World, he looked upon and studied 
the works of the great masters in art. 



422 MEMORIALS. 

Gifted with a keen sense of and love for the beautiful, 
the galleries of France, Italy, Germany and England, 
were to him aisles whose walls spoke that language 
which artistic souls alone understand. 

Returning to his native land he wrote a life of Alex 
ander Hamilton, and also one of Roger Sherman of the 
Revolution. 

He was for many years a consistent and devoted 
member of the Congregational Church of Evanston, in 
which city he had for thirty years his beautiful home. 

He was social, kind, pure, gentle, serene, learned. 
Possessing great ability, he lived and moved quietly 
among his fellow men. 

Not an orator for the hustings, he was a thinker 
among scholars. His well rounded life flowed like the 
current of a deep river through fruitful fields, beneath 
the shadow of stately forests, beside and blessing garden 
and city; reflecting the image of stars and sky, bearing 
the imprint of sunshine and storm to the great ocean, 
the unfathomed, shoreless sea whose waters await the 
coming of all souls. 

Dear Friend ! Beloved Companion ! Pure Soul ! 
Hail and Farewell ! 

AREA N. WATERMAN, 
EDWARD D. REDIXGTON, 
EZRA B. McCAGG, 

Committee. 




GEORGE KEYPORTS BRADY. 

Lieutenant Colonel (Retired) United States Army. Died at Chicago, 
Illinois, January 20 



KEYPORTS BRADY was bom at cham- 

V^J bersburg, Pennsylvania, December 9, 1839, and 
died at Chicago, Illinois, January 20, 1899. He 
was a son of Hon. Jasper Ewing Brady, who represented 
his district in Congress, and a direct lineal descendant of 
Captain Samuel Brady and General Hugh Brady; men 
whose skill and prudence and daring in Indian fighting 
made their names household words among the early 
settlers. 

He responded to the first call for troops, enlisting in 
Company B, Twelfth Pennsylvania Infantry, U. S. V., 
April 25, 1 86 1, and remaining with the company until 

423 



424 MEMORIALS. 

July 8th, when he accepted a commission as First Lieu 
tenant, Fourteenth Infantry, United States Army, his 
appointment dating from May 14, 1861. During the 
remainder of that year he was on duty at Fort Trumbull, 
Connecticut, and in January, 1862, joined his regiment 
at Perryville, Maryland. With it he participated in the 
battles of the Peninsular Campaign, Yorktown, Gaines 
Mill, White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, Second Bull 
Run, Smoker s Gap, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Laurel 
Hill, Petersburg and Weldon Railroad. In the last 
named battle, while serving as Adjutant General of the 
Brigade, he was wounded, taken prisoner and confined 
in Libby Prison. He was promoted to Captain June 10, 
1864, and August 18, 1864, received a brevet as Major, 
United States Army, for his gallantry in the battle at the 
Weldon Railroad. He was paroled in September, 1864, 
and went to New York City, where he did good service 
in the draft riot and, as soon as exchanged rejoined his 
regiment at the front, and March 16, 1865, received a 
brevet as Lieutenant Colonel United States Army for gal 
lant and meritorious services during the war. In October 
of that year, he went to the Pacific coast, via Panama, 
and from that time to the day of his retirement, his rec 
ord is that of many another gallant soldier; untiring 
devotion to duty; the thousand petty details of caring for 
and cheering the men in the ranks at lonely frontier 
posts; perils of fire and flood, and savage foes, even more 
deadly than those he faced throughout the War of the 
Rebellion; services for which no recompense could be 
given, not even a brevet, because the Government did 
not recognize Indian fighting as war. 

He was transferred to the Twenty-third Infantry, Sep 
tember 21, 1866; promoted to Major, Eighteenth Infantry, 
March I, 1886; Lieutenant Colonel Seventeenth Infantry, 



MEMORIALS. 425 

March 19, 1891, and August 16, 1894, was retired, at 
his own request, after more than thirty years continuous 
service. 

He was elected to the Order through the Commandery 
of the State of California, November 19, 1884, and trans 
ferred to this Commandery January 2, 1895. During 
the four years of his membership here, he rarely missed 
a meeting and was devoted to the best interests of the 
Order. 

He served his country well; he has gone to his reward. 
To his beloved wife, who shared with him the loneli 
ness and dangers of many years of frontier life, and his 
devoted son, we extend our heartfelt sympathies. 

CHARLES K. E. KOCH, 
JOHN A. GRIER, 
CHARLES F. MATTESON, 

Committee . 




STANDISH VORCE CORNISH. 

First Lieutenant and Quartermaster Eightieth Neiv York Infantry, 
United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
January 2j, 



7T.NOTHER name has been added to the list of beloved 
[\ Companions taken by death from our Command- 
^* ery. Lieutenant Standish Vorce Cornish died very 
suddenly at Chicago, Illinois, January 25, 1899. Lieu 
tenant Cornish was born February 25, 1845, at Lexing 
ton, Green County, New York. He entered the volun 
teer army at Poughkeepsie, New York, March 10, 1862, 
being enrolled as private in Company G, Twentieth New 
York State Militia, known as the Eightieth New York 
Infantry. Made Corporal January I, 1863; Sergeant, 
January i, 1864; Second Lieutenant, Company D, Jan- 

426 



MEMORIALS. 42 / 

uary 10, 1865; First Lieutenant, Company K, same regi 
ment, April 15, 1865; appointed Regimental Quarter 
master, June 15, 1865; mustered out of service, July 
25, 1865. 

Lieutenant Cornish was with his regiment in the fol 
lowing engagements: Norman s Ford, Virginia, August 
25, 1862; Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862; Chantilly, 
Virginia, September I, 1862; Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
December 12 to 15, 1862; Gettysburg, July I to 4, 1863; 
also participated in the Wilderness Campaign. He was 
wounded during the engagement at Manassas, but re 
joined his regiment after remaining in hospital some six- 
weeks. 

Filtering the service at the age of seventeen, but a 
mere boy, he was a noble type of the American volunteer 
soldier. Steadfast and faithful to duty, he received fre 
quent and merited promotion, and had not yet attained 
his majority at the time of his muster out of service. 
His name will ever remain inscribed on our country s roll 
of honor. It may truly be said the boys of America were 
the real heroes of the war. 

Several years after the close of the war Companion 
Cornish removed to LaSalle, Illinois, and was engaged 
with railroad and coal mining companies. On September 
14, 18/1, he was married to Miss Anna V. Laning at 
La Salle, Illinois. His wife and one daughter survive 
him, two children, a son and daughter, having been re 
moved by death. Comrade Cornish became a resident 
of this city some twenty years ago, and has during that 
time been almost continuously identified with the coal 
trade. Faithful, efficient, and of strictest integrity, he 
was loved and respected by his business associates. He 
enjoyed the confidence and esteem of all in the com 
munity where he has resided for many years. A kind 



428 MEMORIALS. 

and loving husband and father, a true Christian, noble 
and generous, whose acts of charity were often really 
beyond his means, those who knew him best loved him 
most. To his bereaved family we tender our sincere and 
heartfelt sympathy in their sad affliction. 

AMBROSE S. DELAWARE, 
JOSEPH J. SIDDALL, 
MILTON B. MILLER, 

Committee, 




JAMES ANDREW SEXTON. 

Captain Seventy -second Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Washington, D. C., February 5, iSgg. 

^TAMES ANDREW SEXTON, a Companion of the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, departed this 
life on the 5th day of February, 1899. 
Companion Sexton was born in the City of Chicago, 
and here he grew to young manhood with such educa 
tional advantages as the public schools of the city offered. 
Nothing seems to have distinguished his boyhood 
career, except that he possessed an alert mind, connected 
with a robust physical existence. It was said of him by 
one of his playfellows that "Jim could run a race with 
any of the boys, and was quick to learn." These char 
acteristics of his early youth typify those traits of char- 

429 



43 MEMORIALS. 

acter which were recognized and appreciated by his 
companions both in the early and mature years of his 
manhood. 

He was ready made when emergency arose, and 
events seldom found Sexton hesitating either for lack of 
equipment, or doubt as to the course of conduct to be 
followed. And so it came when the flag of his country 
was stricken by internal foes in April, 1861, our Com 
panion well knew the line of duty to be pursued. The 
opportunity and the will alike were his, and without any 
hesitation or doubt of his capability to efficiently perform 
his part in the magnificent drama \vhich opened to his 
young vision, he introduced himself to the public service 
of his country without unnecessary delay or parade, as a 
private soldier in the Union army. 

He was first mustered as a volunteer soldier on April 
19, 1861, and served well and faithfully until mustered 
out at the expiration of his term of service on July 25th 
of that year. At the end of his three months enlistment, 
he re-enlisted in the Sixty-seventh Illinois Infantry, and 
was promoted to First Lieutenant of Company E in that 
regiment. The Sixty-seventh was one of the one-hun 
dred days regiments in which our Companion served 
creditably until mustered out with that command. He 
then returned to his Chicago home filled with a patriotic 
ardor which had been unusually well disciplined and 
directed by his military experience. During the winter 
and spring of 1862 he gave his time largely to the instruc 
tion and drill of quasi-military organizations in this city, 
and when the Seventy-second Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
commonly known as the First Board of Trade regiment, 
was organized, Sexton was appointed, and in August of 
that year was mustered in as Captain of Company D in 
that organization. 



MEMORIALS. 431 

This regiment was immediately equipped for service 
and sent to the front for active military duty, and from 
the time it left Chicago until the close of the struggle, it 
was constantly connected with active military operations, 
and won honors on many of the hardest fought fields of 
the Civil War. It may be said without undue praise or 
unmerited distinction, that the Seventy-second Illinois 
was a well-equipped military organization, and was dis 
tinguished for the capability, intelligence, efficiency and 
courage, not only of its officers but of its rank and file. 

It is probably sufficient praise to say of Captain Sex 
ton personally that during the whole of his military career 
he discharged every duty assigned to him with unusual 
intelligence and ability, and that as a skillful and faithful 
soldier of the Republic, sincerely impressed with the 
grandeur of an exalted mission in the splendid triumphs 
of which he was an honored participant, he was " without 
fear and without reproach. " 

Sometime subsequent to the battles of Franklin and 
Nashville, and in recognition of his special fitness, Cap 
tain Sexton was detailed for duty upon the Staff of Major 
General A. J. Smith, and in that capacity served until 
after the campaign which ended in the surrender of 
Mobile. He returned with his regiment to Chicago and 
was mustered out of the service in August, 1865, and 
soon thereafter engaged as a planter in Alibama, but 
subsequently turned his attention to the manufacturing 
business and became a member of the firm of Cribben, 
Sexton & Co., the well-known stove manufacturers of 
this city. This business relation he continued until a 
short time previous to his death; and to his patient in 
dustry, sterling character and unquestioned ability in 
affairs, was in large measure due the enviable reputation 
and profitable careerof that successful business enterprise. 



43 2 MEMORIALS. 

Captain Sexton s career was filled with useful activities 
in many of the affairs of life. He ever manifested an in 
tense regard for those who had been his comrades in arms; 
and for the past twenty-five years few members of the 
Grand Army of the Republic were more prominent in its 
councils, or more deservedly esteemed for faithful services 
than our late Companion. He was a firm believer in the 
objects and utilities of that patriotic Association of the 
veteran soldiers of the Union Army; and to that organi 
zation and its manifold interests, and to the welfare and 
comfort of its members he gave largely both in time 
and labor. 

Recognizing not only his untiring devotion and un 
selfish services, but his special fitness, his late comrades 
elected him Commander, first of the Department of 
Illinois, and in September, 1898, Commander in Chief 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. The duties of these 
high stations he discharged with exemplary wisdom and 
unquestioned fidelity. 

In civil life also Companion Sexton received signal 
honors. He was appointed Postmaster of Chicago by 
President Harrison in April, 1889, and continued to hold 
that office for nearly five years. His administration as 
Postmaster of this city was marked by unusual prudence 
and sagacity, and his conduct of its affairs met the hearty 
approval of the community, without respect to class or 
party. 

Again when public complaint about the conduct of 
our recent war with Spain became so loud as to demand 
official action, the President invited Companion Sexton 
to become a member of the Commission appointed for 
the purpose of making a thorough investigation of every 
thing connected with the Spanish war. This invitation 
was accepted as a matter of patriotic duty. To the work 



MEMORIALS. 433 

of that Commission Sexton loyally gave his heart, his 
strength and his mind, and it was while in the conscien 
tious performance of his duty in that behalf that the 
final summons came to him. And so at last he fell on 
the field of action whither he had been called in the per 
formance of patriotic duty. 

Companion Sexton had a strong, active and attractive 
personality. His presence and his influence were felt in 
whatever relation he sustained to his fellow man. 

Never unnecessarily obtrusive in public associations, 
he was always fearless, clear-sighted and forceful. Always 
insistent upon his own views, ever persevering in his own 
purposes, he was at the same time considerate of the 
wishes and regardful of the interests of others. 

He was both a thoughtful and a studious man. He 
was quick to understand the motives, and both ready and 
willing to appreciate the strength and arguments of those 
with whom he differed. He was always in the open, 
and it was not possible for him to conceal his attitude 
toward any man or any measure, but he was withal ear 
nest in his purposes, kindly in his sympathies and sincere 
in his attachments. 

As a Companion, justly esteemed for his many com 
manding virtues, his unflinching fidelity to every trust, 
his fervent loyalty to his country and its flag, for his civic 
worth, and for his warm and helpful friendship, we honor 
his name and commend his example. 

FRANCIS A. RIDDLE, 
EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 
GEO. H. HEAFFORD, 

Committee. 




EDWARD SOUTHLAND CHAPIN. 

Captain (Retired} United States Army. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
J/ajy j, iSgg. 

OUR Companion Edward S. Chapin died at Chicago 
on the 3rd day of May, 1899, at the age of only 54 
years. Born in Tariffville, Connecticut, in 1845, 
he enlisted in the Civil War, when a mere lad, as a pri 
vate in Company A, Forty-fourth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, 
and served until the war was over. On the ist day of 
July, 1866, he was admitted as a cadet at West Point, 
and having graduated with honors, he served a number 
of years as Second and First Lieutenant in the Fourth 
United States Artillery, until, on the I2th of August, 
1882, he was transferred to the Fifteenth United States 

434 



MEMORIALS. 435 

Infantry Regiment, in which, on the 2/th of February, 
1888, he was promoted to the rank of Captain. Owing 
to ill health he was retired, at his own request, on the 
/th of November, 1896, after nearly thirty-three years of 
constant military service. Apart from his service during 
the Rebellion he participated in the Modoc and other 
Indian wars with distinguished honor, and he owed his 
promotions mainly to his conspicuous bravery in action. 

Always a zealous student, and deeply interested in 
the solution of scientific problems, Captain Chapin had 
acquired an unusually wide range of knowledge and most 
extraordinary attainments. As an engineer of high ability 
he early appreciated the possibilities of air as a secondary 
power, and thus he became one of the pioneers in the 
application and introduction of compressed air for street 
railroad purposes, holding, as he did, at the time of his 
death, a position as Director in the Compressed Air Motor 
Company of Illinois. As a military man he had maturely 
studied all the epoch-making campaigns in history, and 
the life of every one of the great Captains, from Alexan 
der down to Grant and Moltke, was as familiar to him as 
that of an intimate friend. In his company his friends 
and Companions always felt the presence of a superior 
mind. 

In harmony with these high intellectual attainments, 
Captain Chapin bore himself all his life with incorrupti 
ble rectitude, which could only spring from his training 
at West Point and his associations with men, educated 
like him in surroundings, where the keenest sense of 
honor and strict obedience to duty are cultivated first, 
as the very foundation stone for all the other virtues of 
the soldier and the citizen. Thus Captain Chapin was 
at all times the very embodiment of an American gentle 
man of the highest type, mindful that 



436 MEMORIALS. 

" The purest treasure mortal times afford, 
Is spotless reputation; that away, 
Men are but gilded loam, or painted clay." 

GEORGE C. BALL, 
M. V. SHERIDAN, 
WILLIAM VOCKE, 

Committee , 




United 



JOSEPH LITCHFIELD LOCKE. 

First Lieutenant Thirty-third Massachusetts Infantry, 
Slates Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, July ij, 



JOSEPH LITCHFIELD LOCKE was born at Mer- 
rimac, New Hampshire, February 20, 1841. He 
** enlisted as a private at Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
in the Thirty-third Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in 
July, 1862, and was discharged July 3, 1865, having been 
Lieutenant and Adjutant. He died July 15, 1899. 

The family record of Joseph L. Locke brings before 
us the history of three wars and reminds us of the heroic 
expression of American patriotism under three great 
aspects of our national life: the Indian, Revolutionary and 
Civil wars. John Locke in one, Moses Locke in another 
and Joseph L. Locke in the last, stood bravely for 

437 



MEMORIALS. 

our nation s honor and fought for liberty, independence 
and union with the ardor and devotion that have made 
the name of American famous all the world over for the 
highest, purest and holiest standard of true patriotism 
and enlightened liberty. 

The spirit of 1876 inherited by him, through a noble 
ancestry, was awakened in the heart of Companion 
Locke by the calls of his country to preserve the unity 
and integrity of our nation. He responded with that 
rugged determination to do his duty which has ever 
marked the New England character, and he went forth 
to battle for the right with the transmitted energy of 
heroic pioneers born in him under the shadow of the 
granite hills of New Hampshire. 

He enlisted in July, 1862, and served uninterruptedly 
for three years, experiencing all the rigors and horrors 
of war in camp and in field, on the most exacting 
marches and in the most daring of military expeditions. 
He participated in twenty-two battles, some of them the 
most important in the history of our country, and also 
conspicuous among the most brilliant in the military 
achievements of the world. At Chancellorsville and 
Gettysburg, at Missionary Ridge and at Atlanta he fought 
bravely and endured patiently under the banner of the 
famous Thirty-third Massachusetts Infantry. He was 
engaged in both Eastern and Western armies, partici 
pated in notable conflicts in Virginia and Tennessee, in 
Georgia and the Carolinas, made long and hard journeys, 
climbed the mountains, forded the rivers, waded through 
the swamps and marched from Atlanta to the sea. 

In his record we are brought face to face with some 
of the most thrilling incidents of the war and see every 
phase of the great struggle most vividly presented to us. 
All our experiences are included in his varied career so 



MEMORIALS. 439 

that we can most truly say he was a signal representative 
of the memories of the war which we preserve in the 
associations of the boys in blue. He shared in victories 
and suffered in defeats. He knew what it was to pursue 
exultingly a fleeing foe until the darkness of night hid 
him from view. He also knew what it was to fly in dis 
may before the victorious enemy, seeking in fear a place 
of safety. Short rations, scant clothing, bare feet, sore 
limbs and aching bodies were among the hardships he 
saw and shared in the spirit of faithful service that 
united in bravery the men of Valley Forge with the men 
of Lookout Mountain. 

Companion Locke came to the city of Chicago in the 
year 1875 and was soon actively identified with different 
organizations for the preservation of the memories and 
comradeship of the Civil War. In business and social 
life he was distinguished for urbanity of manners and 
kindness of heart that won him many friends and en 
deared him to the hearts of all who were brought into 
intimate associations with him. He stood for the high 
est type of membership in the organizations with which 
he was connected. He was chosen to high office by his 
friends, and fulfilled the duties of important positions 
with an affability, fairness and efficiency that made him 
respected by all. He and Mrs. Locke are widely known 
for their active efforts in promoting the welfare of differ 
ent institutions and enterprises for the teaching of 
patriotism and the care of our nation s heroes. 

He was more a man of deeds than of words, and his 
deeds were of the kind to help his fellow men. 

" Twere better if we spent less time 

In sinful, idle scheming, 
As planning some absurd career, 
Or of a mission dreaming; 



44 MEMORIALS. 



And more in doing kindly acts 

To make life s burden lighter, 
Thus, though our stay be short on earth, 

Our deeds would make it lighter." 

BRADLEY DEAN, 
AARON F. WALCOTT, 
JOHN H. STIBBS, 

Committee 




DANIEL WEBSTER BOSLEY. 

First Lieutenant ami . -Issistant Surgeon Ihird I nited States Colored 
Artillery. Died at CJu cago, Illinois, October jf, 



*71LGAIN we arc called upon to pay our just tribute of 
f\ affection and respect to the memory of a Com 
panion and friend who departed this life on the 
2 ist day of October, 1899. 

Daniel Webster Bosley was born in Farmington, 
Ohio, on the 29th of March, 1841, and on May 21, 1861, 
responded to the call for troops for the preservation of 
the Union. At the age of twenty, he entered the service 
as a private in Company E, Twenty-seventh New York 
Infantry, U. S. V.; was promoted to Hospital Steward 
in January, 1862, and was mustered out of the service 
January 5, 1863. 

441 



44 2 MEMORIALS. 

He again entered the service April i, 1865, as Con 
tract Surgeon and in that capacity served in the United 
States Army Hospital in Washington, D. C., and Point 
Lookout, Maryland, until August 20, 1865. On August 
27th following he was mustered into the service as Assist 
ant Surgeon, Third United States Heavy Artillery, and 
was finally mustered out with the field and staff of that 
regiment, April 30, 1866. 

He participated in the battle of the First Bull Run, 
West Point, Virginia, Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill, Golds- 
borough Farm, Charles City Cross Roads, White Oak 
Swamp, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Crompton s 
Pass, Antietam, Fredericksburg and Fredericksburg 
Heights. 

Upon returning to civil life he practiced medicine for 
a few years, but finding more congenial employment in 
active commercial pursuits he abandoned the practice of 
his profession and established in this city a manufactur 
ing business which for thirty years he successfully con 
ducted. 

Having been a resident of Chicago for over thirty 
years, his admirable qualities as a citizen are known to 
all with whom he came in contact. In all the relations 
of life his record was such as to entitle him to our highest 
esteem and admiration. On the field of deadly strife; in 
the hospital where he administered to the necessities of 
his companions in arms; in civil life; in the rush of active 
business, he knew his duty and did it well. No higher 
panegyric could be offered to his memory. 

He leaves a widow, son and daughter; the son, 
Edward F. Bosley, a member of this Commandery. To 
his bereaved family we offer our sincere condolence, hop 
ing that the pain of their loss will be in some degree 
mitigated by the knowledge that he for whom they 



MEMORIALS. 443 

mourn, so manfully fought life s battles, that in fame s 
eternal camping grounds he has joined the bivouac of the 
illustrious dead. 

OBED W. WALLIS, 
ALON/O N. RKECE, 
JOHN MCLAREN, 

Committee. 




JAMES LEWIS. 

Colonel One Hundred and Forty-fourth Neiv York Infantry, United 
States Volunteers. Died at Joliet, Illinois, October 28, iSgg. 

" Can that man be dead 

Whose spiritual influence is upon his kind ? 
He lives in glory; and his speaking dust 
Has more of life than half its breathing moulds." 

I HE men who served so faithfully and heroically in 
^ the Union Army from 1861 to 1865, are rapidly 
passing away. Year by year since the War of the Re 
bellion closed, they have been dropping from the ranks, 
until to-day only about one-third of those who served in 
that army are left to tell the tale of that heroic struggle. 
During all those thirty-four years Death has been passing 
here and there, and at his touch the old soldier, without 
regard to rank, age or condition, has lowered his head 

444 



MEMORIALS. 445 

and yielded up his life. Our own Order has not escaped 
his unwelcome presence, but each year since its organi 
zation many of those who were in the habit of meeting 
with us have been borne from our midst to their eternal 
home. At one of our gatherings we meet this one or 
that one, and at the next gathering he is gone from us 
forever. Only yesterday Companion James Lewis was 
with us, but to-day we see him no more. Only yester 
day we shook his hand, looked into his smiling face, and 
heard his voice when, as our Chaplain, he pleaded with 
God for his blessing to rest upon our Order; but to-day 
his hand is motionless, the smile has vanished from his 
face, and his voice is forever stilled. He died at his 
home in Joliet, Illinois, on the evening of October 28, 
1899. 

James Lewis was of Scotch descent. His parents 
were both natives of Scotland, who, coming to this coun 
try, located at Hamden, Delaware County, New York, 
where James was born May 23, 1836. His early life was 
spent quietly at his home, but as he approached the time 
when he was expected to care for himself, he learned the 
trade of paper-hanger and painter. He might have fol 
lowed this trade, but he was ambitious to obtain an edu 
cation, and, stimulated by this ambition he managed to 
make the required preparation at a neighboring academy, 
and at the age of twenty-one years he was enabled to 
enter Amherst College. In this school young Lewis spent 
four happy years. He loved his books and was so com 
pletely devoted to them that he became one of the best 
scholars in his class. It was during his college career 
that he developed that thoroughness in whatever he un 
dertook which was one of his marked characteristics 
during all his subsequent life. He felt that he must do 
his best on every occasion, and his sense of honor would 



446 MEMORIALS. 

not let him rest unless this was done. His great ambi 
tion was to master every study which he took up. He 
wanted to be first or among the first in his class not 
that he might rejoice in being superior to others, but 
that, by performing the task of to-day to the best of his 
ability, he might be the better prepared to undertake the 
task of to-morrow. Hence, when he graduated in 1861, 
we find him standing at the head of his class, and, three 
years after his graduation, his Alma Mater recognized 
his superior scholarship by conferring upon him the de 
gree of Master of Arts. 

After leaving college young Lewis taught school for 
a short time, but as the War of the Rebellion was then 
raging, he soon learned, as many other young men learned 
during those terrible days, that he could not be content 
to remain at home when his country was calling so loudly 
for his help in the army. The summer of 1862 was a 
dark time for the Union cause. Over five hundred thous 
and national troops had been called into active service, 
but these had met with frequent defeat, and little thus 
far had been accomplished toward crushing the rebellion. 
More troops were needed, and on July I, 1862, President 
Lincoln issued his call for three hundred thousand addi 
tional volunteers. Young Lewis felt that the time had 
now come for him to enter the army. Accordingly, he 
abandoned his teaching, returned to his native place, and 
with the assistance of others raised a company of recruits, 
in which was his father and one brother, and which was 
mustered into the United States service as Company C, 
One Hundred and Forty-fourth Regiment New York Vol 
unteers. Of this company young Lewis was chosen and 
commissioned Captain, his commission being dated Sep 
tember i, 1862. As soon as organized, the regiment 
was hurried to the front, and wherever it went, Captain 



MEMORIALS. 44/ 

Lewis was found at his post, doing his duty as a true 
soldier and patriot. He proved himself to be an apt 
scholar in learning military tactics and drill, became a 
good disciplinarian, was prompt to obey and ready to do, 
looked carefully after the welfare of his men, was con 
scientious and thorough in the discharge of military 
duties, and was exceptionally cool and brave upon the 
field of battle. His efficiency and gallantry brought him 
into prominence, and he was made Lieutenant Colonel 
of his regiment May 24, 1863, and was promoted to the 
Colonelcy September 25, 1864. In these various official 
positions, Colonel Lewis served with his regiment con 
tinuously until it was mustered out of service, June 25, 
1865. The regiment campaigned mostly in North and 
South Carolina, and with it the Colonel took part in 
many bloody and hard-fought battles. With it he was 
present at the sieges of Suffolk and Charleston, took part 
in the assault upon Fort Wagner, and did gallant service 
in the engagements at Johns s Island, Honeyhill, Coosa- 
hatchie, James Island and many other places where foe 
met foe in deadly conflict. Under the command of its 
efficient Colonel, the regiment became recognized as one 
of the very best in the service, and Colonel Lewis was 
highly complimented by both his division and brigade 
commanders for having brought the regiment to such a 
high degree of military discipline and efficiency. In fact, 
Colonel Lewis was an ideal soldier. Having given him 
self to his country, he felt that he owed to his country 
all that he could give of devotion and labor and sacrifice. 
No burden was too onerous, no undertaking too difficult, 
no self-denial too great, and no danger too full of peril, 
to turn him back from the path which duty bade him 
tread. He fully realized the great responsibility which 
rested upon him as an officer, and he moved forward, at 



448 MEMORIALS. 

all times and under all circumstances, to meet that re 
sponsibility with a strong will and a courageous heart. 
He entered the army, not because he had any fondness 
for military life, but because he saw that the government 
which he loved was in danger and felt it to be his duty 
to do what he could to avert that danger and rescue the 
government from peril. The record which he made is a 
brilliant one, showing him to have been one of our best, 
bravest and most efficient volunteer soldiers. 

Shortly after Colonel Lewis left the army, he entered 
Union Theological Seminary in New York City, where he 
spent three years in studying for the ministry. Here, as 
elsewhere, he showed himself to be an earnest and inde 
fatigable worker, not only prosecuting his studies with 
vigor, but during his vacations preaching here and there, 
and in many various ways seeking to prepare himself for 
the duties of his chosen profession. Graduating from 
the seminary in 1868, he was at once licensed to preach, 
and going West, he located at Humboldt, Kansas, under 
the direction of the Presbyterian Board of Home Mis 
sions. In this new field he labored faithfully for a num 
ber of years, not only preaching to the small church 
which he organized at Humboldt, but doing a vast amount 
of ministerial work in places round about. In 1869 he was 
married to Miss Mary Farrand, of Detroit, Michigan, who 
went with him directly after the marriage to his Western 
home, and who proved herself a worthy helper to her 
husband in all his varied and responsible work. In 1875 
he left Humboldt and became Pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church at Howell, Michigan, and in 1882 he accepted a 
call to the Central Presbyterian Church at Joliet, Illinois, 
where he remained until the day of his death. 

During all the years of his ministry, Colonel Lewis 
brought to his work that same earnestness, thoroughness 



MEMORIALS. 449 

and zeal which characterized his career as a soldier. He 
was "instant in season and out of season," always "do 
ing with his might whatever his hands found to do." In 
carrying on his church work, he found the experience 
and training of his army life to be a great help to him. 
As a soldier he had learned much about men, had seen 
the value of organization and discipline, and by associa 
tion with his comrades had discovered how best to reach 
men s hearts, to touch and arouse their better natures, 
and thus to influence them for good. For many years 
his wife was a great help to him in his chosen work, but 
in icS89 she was called to her eternal home, from which 
time her husband toiled on alone, silently and uncom 
plainingly bearing the burden of his sad bereavement. 

As a man Colonel Lewis was honest and true, and 
ever loyal to the right. He fully recognized the nobility 
of his own nature, and respected himself too much to do 
a mean or dishonest thing. In mingling with his fellows 
he always labored to show himself noble-hearted, con 
trolled only by praiseworthy motives, inspired only by 
the most lofty ideals, and led onward and upward only 
by the highest purposes. He lived a noble life, and 
those who knew him best bear the strongest testimony 
to the gentleness of his spirit, the purity of his soul and 
the lofty mold of his character. 

As a citizen he was interested in all questions of 
public importance and in every movement which was 
calculated to promote the welfare of humanity. He 
firmly believed in the general doctrine of "the Father 
hood of God and the Brotherhood of Men," and he felt 
that he was in the world to prevail upon men to make 
this doctrine a part of their every-day life both in theory 
and practice. As he recognized all men as his brethren, 
his aim was to do good to all men as he had opportunity. 



45O MEMORIALS. 

He lived to lighten the burden of human sorrow, to bring 
cheer and comfort to the afflicted, and to make human 
hearts more loving and happy. Love was the one con 
trolling sentiment of his being, dominating his entire life, 
inspiring his soul with the loftiest purpose, kindling his 
mind to the noblest thought and leading him to the 
greatest self-sacrifice for the good of others. Dominated 
by this sentiment, his life was such that all who knew 
him trusted, respected, honored and loved him. The 
doubting resorted to him for counsel, the sorrowing for 
sympathy, and the troubled for help. He became widely 
known as a reliable and trustworthy man, and his ability, 
efficiency, and high Christian character were recognized 
in many flattering ways. Some years prior to his death 
he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Black 
burn University, and for many years he was a leading 
member of the Board of Trustees of Knox College. In 
1873 he was sent to the General Assembly of the Estab 
lished Church of Scotland as a delegate from the Presby 
terian General Assembly of the United States, and on 
several different occasions he was a regularly chosen 
delegate to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church of this country. In 1878 President Hayes ap 
pointed him a member of the Board of Visitors to the 
Military Academy at West Point, where, on behalf of 
the Board, he delivered the address to the graduating 
class, and in 1899 President McKinley honored him by 
appointing him a member of the Board of Visitors to the 
Naval Academy at Annapolis. Thus trusted, respected 
and honored, his record as a citizen is as worthy of praise 
as his record as a soldier. 

It was because Colonel Lewis so fully recognized his 
obligations as a citizen that he became such an ardent 
patriot. He loved his country with a deep, fervent and 



MEMORIALS. 451 

abiding love. He believed there were times when a man 
was called upon to sacrifice even his life for the good of 
his country. Believing this, he entered the army and 
faced death upon many a battlefield. But while believ 
ing that his country was worth dying for, he also believed 
it was w r orth living for. He felt that peace had need of 
patriotism as well as war, and while he thought it a noble 
thing to die for one s country upon the field of deadly 
conflict, he felt that it was a nobler thing to live for one s 
country in the quiet time of peace, provided one so lived 
that, by word and deed, he made his country the more 
worthy to die for. He accorded high honor to the citizen 
who went out to fight his country s enemies, but he ac 
corded an equal, or a higher honor, to the citizen who, 
in the every-day walks of life, lived to make his country 
strong and resolute in all that is noble and just. In his 
estimation there was a lofty patriotism in all generous, 
helpful, honest and unselfish action. He thought it not 
only patriotic, but heroic, to uphold the right, to stand 
by the weak against the strong, to work for an honest 
and pure ballot, to fight wrong in its every form, and to 
labor in the home, the school, the church, or in any other 
place where duty called, to form and develop a citizen 
ship that would be true to liberty, justice and right at 
all times. With such ideas he felt that he was just as 
true and loyal a patriot when he was preaching the gospel 
of peace and good will among men, explaining the doc 
trine of: brotherly love to his people, helping the poor 
and needy, administering to the wants of the sick, ex 
tending sympathy to the afflicted and laboring to sweeten, 
brighten and uplift human life about him, as he was when 
facing the enemy s bullets upon the field of battle. He 
believed that in working for humanity he was working 
for his country, and that whenever he made a human life 



45 2 MEMORIALS. 

better he was doing something for his country s good. 
This was the patriotism which controlled him at all times 
and led him to labor so diligently and faithfully, both in 
war and peace, to defend the right and to awaken a love 
of truth and purity in the hearts of the people. 

But Colonel Lewis was best known as a minister of 
the Gospel of Christ. He chose the ministry for his life 
work because he felt that in such calling he could ac 
complish more good for humanity than in any other. 
His ability was such that he would have won success in 
almost any calling. Had he continued as a teacher, he 
would have become a prominent educator. Had he en 
tered upon the practice of medicine, he would have w r on 
his way to the front rank of his profession. Had he de 
voted his life to the practice of law, he would have been 
one of the most prominent lawyers at the bar. Had he 
turned his attention to politics, he would have been a 
leader in both State and Nation. Bat he was content to 
serve his day and generation simply as a minister in the 
Christian Church, where he found a field which was not 
only congenial to his taste, but which called into active 
use all of his great powers of both mind and heart. 
Colonel Lewis was emphatically a preacher of righteous 
ness. He preached only what he believed, and practiced 
what he preached. His daily life bore witness that he 
applied to his own actions the same rule which he laid 
down for others. The gospel which he taught was the 
gospel of love. He was not a slave to any mere church 
tradition, nor was he chained down blindly to any church 
creed. He recognized but one religion: "To visit the 
fatherless and widows in their affliction and to keep him 
self unspotted from the world." Benevolence, kindly 
sympathy, loving helpfulness and purity of life these 
were the prominent articles of his religious creed, and 



MEMORIALS. 453 

wherever he found a person who subscribed to these 
articles in his theory and practice, he recognized him as 
a Christian friend and brother. His broad, catholic 
spirit won for him the friendship of all who knew him, 
whether in or outside of the church. In the performance 
of his ministerial duties he was a faithful, energetic and 
tireless worker. As a pastor his labors were never ended. 
The poor, the suffering, the bereaved, all found in him a 
helper, a sympathizer and a friend. In all fields of 
Christian activity he never failed to obey the call of 
duty, no matter how great the labor of sacrifice. \Yith 
his work thus faithfully done, he approached the end of 
his earthly life, fully prepared for the last great change. 
Feeling that he had done the best that he could do, he 
contemplated death without a regret or a fear. A few 
hours before his departure a friend said to him: " Brother 
Lewis, they tell me that the end is near," but the words 
caused him no uneasiness, for he knew that the same 
Almighty Friend who had guided and protected him for 
so many years would be with him in this last trying hour. 
And finally, with words of Scripture and Christian song 
upon his lips, his spirit quietly passed to its eternal home, 
As we contemplate the life of such a man, we see 
how grandly noble, true, unselfish and helpful to others 
a human life can be made, and as we contemplate such 
a departure from earth, \ve come to realize the more 
fully that- 

" There is no death ! What seems so is transition; 

This life of mortal breath 
Is but a suburb of the life elysian 
Whose portal we call death." 

PHILIP C. HAYLS, 
ROBERT W. MCCLAUGHRY, 
JAMES G. FLWOOD, 

Committee. 




GEORGE ROYAE DAVIS. 

Major Third Riiode Island d a ? <://; v, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, Xoi ember 2j, 



evlPANION George Royal Davis was born at Three 
Rivers, Palmer, Massachusetts, on the 3rd day of 
January, 1840. His father and his paternal grandfather 
were both named Benjamin, and his great-grandfather, 
Craft Davis, was the son of Benjamin Davis of Oxford, 
Massachusetts. 

This branch of the Davis family were of Welsh stock, 
and the founders of the family in America were settled 
in Massachusetts Colony soon after it was established as 
a Province of Great Britain. 

His mother s family were Quakers, and his mother, 
Cordelia Bumngton, was a direct descendant of Royal 

454 



MEMORIALS. 455 

Buffington, who was distinguished as a leader in the 
Society of Friends during the early struggles of that sect 
in America. 

Benjamin Davis, the father of George Royal Davis, 
removed from Three Rivers to the town of Ware, Massa 
chusetts, in 1842, where the family resided until 1852, 
during which time George attended the common schools 
of Ware, and began his early education at that place. 

His father next moved to Indian Orchard, Massa 
chusetts, where he owned and operated a woolen mill, 
and where young George took his first lessons in the 
actual experience of the business affairs of life. 

While yet a lad he became Captain of what was then 
known as a Fire Brigade in Indian Orchard, an organiza 
tion which at one time took the first prize for efficiency 
at an exhibition in Springfield, Massachusetts. Thus 
early did young Davis indicate his capability for com 
manding and influencing men. 

While the family still resided at Indian Orchard the 
subject of this sketch attended the Academy at Moravia, 
New York, where he graduated with honors in 1855. 
His father s woolen mills having been destroyed by fire 
during that year, the family returned to and became 
residents of Ware again, and during the years 1858 and 
1859 young Davis attended Williston Seminary at East 
Hampton, Massachusetts, where he had for classmates 
and fellow students the Honorable William C. Whitney, 
late Secretary of the Navy, and the Honorable John M. 
Hall, now President of the New York & New Haven 
Railroad of New Haven, Connecticut. 

While at Williston young Davis showed great pro 
ficiency as a student, and was President of the Adelphi 
Literary Society connected with the Seminary. It was 
there as an ambitious student that he met personally and 



MEMORIALS. 

listened to the teachings of the most distinguished men 
in New England of that day. During his career as a 
student there he delivered an oration entitled "No Ex 
cellence Without Great Labor," a theme which seems 
to have impressed him greatly and to have become the 
guiding principle of his career. 

After finishing the course of study at Williston he 
entered his father s store in Ware, and continued there 
as a clerk until the summer of 1862. 

Companion Davis was descended from patriotic 
ancestry, and with fidelity to inherited privileges it was 
natural for him to become a soldier in the Army of the 
Union. This he did sometime during the summer of 
1862. He enlisted as a private soldier, was elected by 
his comrades to be their Commander and was mustered 
in as Captain of Company H, Eighth Massachusetts In 
fantry on October 30, 1862. He continued with that 
regiment and in command of his company until the /th 
day of August, 1863, when the Eighth Massachusetts 
was mustered out by reason of the expiration of the term 
of its enlistment. The military service of that regiment 
was in the Eighteenth Corps of the Army of the Potomac, 
and during the period of that service young Davis ex 
hibited unusual military capacity and skill, and was 
justly regarded as an officer and soldier of special merit. 

On his return to Massachusetts he immediately 
undertook the organization of another command, and 
having enlisted a company sought to have it mustered 
into the Second Massachusetts Light Artillery, but ow 
ing to the fact that no more Light Artillery at that time 
could be accepted by the War Department, and becom 
ing impatient of the delay, Davis took the men whom he 
had then enlisted to the State of Rhode Island, where he 
was again mustered into the service as Captain of the 



MEMORIALS. 457 

Third Rhode Island Cavalry. This regiment was im 
mediately sent to the Department of the Gulf, and con 
tinued in. the service there until subsequent to the close 
of the war in 1865. The sterling military qualities of 
our deceased Companion were soon recognized and he 
was promoted to the rank of Major and mustered in 
December 17, 1863, and held that rank until August, 
1865, when he was honorably discharged on tender of 
his resignation. 

The Third Rhode Island Cavalry was conspicuous 
for its efficiency and splendid service in the Department 
of the Gulf during the entire period of its service there. 

Companion Davis had many of the attributes of a 
great soldier. He was quick to comprehend and apply 
the rules of the art of war. His personality was one of 
command. He knew what ought to be done in any 
exigency, and was pre-eminently capable of doing or 
directing to be done those things which make for success 
in the organization, discipline and use of military force. 
With a chivalric spirit he possessed that quality known 
to the soldier as valor, which made him conspicuous 
in any command. In the disastrous Red River Cam 
paign and in the unfortunate engagement at Mansfield, 
Major Davis displayed unusual gallantry and tact. It 
fell to the fortune of his regiment, of which he was then 
in command, to become the rear guard in the retreat of 
General Banks s Army from that wretched and most dis 
astrous campaign. But the Third Rhode Island Cavalry 
and its commanding officer were conspicuous for gallantry 
and the efficient performance of the trying duties as 
signed them. 

Subsequent to that time our Companion served in 
many different capacities, and as the ranking officer was 
frequently in command of military posts in Louisiana. 



MEMORIALS. 

From February, 1865, until the latter part of April 
in that year, he served as President of the Military Com 
mission sitting at Thibodeaux, Louisiana, where his high 
sense of justice and undoubted ability enabled him to 
discharge such duties as came to a tribunal of that 
character with signal success. 

After he had resigned from the army Major Davis 
became Chief Clerk to the Quartermaster on General 
Sheridan s Staff, and on the plains and in the Indian 
campaigns and afterwards in the city of Chicago he 
continued in that important position until 1871 when he 
severed his connection with army life and became the 
general financial agent in Chicago of Eastern Insurance 
Companies. 

During his early business career in this city our 
Companion was largely concerned in and responsible for 
the organization of the First Illinois Infantry, of which 
regiment, after the retirement of General A. C. McClurg, 
he became Colonel, and it was the military talent and 
organizing ability of our deceased Companion which 
gave to that regiment of the National Guard the high 
character and standing which it has ever since retained 
as one of the most efficient and well disciplined com 
mands connected with the National Guard. 

In civil life Companion Davis won unusual and well 
merited distinction. He was nominated for Congress 
from the then Third Congressional District in iS/6, but 
at the election was defeated by a few votes only, his op 
ponent being the late Carter H. Harrison. He was 
three times afterwards nominated and elected to a seat 
in Congress, namely: in 18/8, 1880 and 1882. His 
career in Congress was in the highest degree creditable 
to himself, to his constituency and to the nation. He 
was recognized and appreciated for his wonderful industry 



MEMORIALS. 459 

and unusual capacity in public affairs. In politics his 
influence was always felt in the deliberations of his 
party, and his wise counsel and political foresight gave 
him an enviable reputation among those whose ambition 
led them into the race for political honors. 

In the campaign of 1886 Companion Davis was 
nominated by the Republican party and elected County 
Treasurer of Cook County, which office he held for four 
years, and for the faithful discharge of the duties of that 
great office he received and was freely accorded the com 
mendation of all classes of our citizens without respect 
to clique or party affiliations. It was while he was the 
incumbent of that office that the scheme for locating the 
World s Columbian Exposition at Chicago was begun. 
And it was natural to a man with such ambitions and 
such unusual capabilities for attaining great ends that he 
should enlist at once heartily and without reserve with 
all of his powers and influence for the accomplishment 
of such a great enterprise. This Companion Davis did 
with all his heart and with all his strength. The loca 
tion of that Exposition in this city was due as much to 
him as to any other one man. Indeed it is just to his 
memory to say that no one man was able to bring, or 
did bring, as much influence and such forcible arguments 
to secure the passage of the Act of Congress locating the 
Exposition at Chicago as did our late Companion. When 
the Commission had been appointed and the work of 
organization was at hand it was not only natural but 
logical that George R. Davis should be put in the place 
of leader and in a position to direct the many diverse in 
terests of such an undertaking. He was accordingly 
made Director General of the Exposition and at once 
took hold of the work of organization and of preparation, 
and pursued it with an energy and capacity which dis- 



460 MEMORIALS. 

closed to his friends the fact that he possessed those 
faculties of organization and executive abilities which 
had not been dreamed of even by those most intimate 
with him. 

His career as Director General is a matter of history 
in which his name will stand along with that of the late 
John Wellborn Root, as one of the two most efficient 
characters who had any connection whatever with that 
most famous of all international expositions. 

As a personality Companion Davis was distinguished. 
He would attract marked attention among ten thousand 
men as one of great individuality and force of character. 
His figure was commanding. He moved among men 
fearlessly, and while he was aggressive and incisive, he 
was cordial without being effusive. His intercourse with 
his associates and friends, and with the public as well, 
was always frank, open and direct. He was absolutely 
free from cant or hypocrisy. His friends felt the warmth 
and loyalty of his nature, and his adversaries respected 
his resolute but honest purpose. 

Companion Davis married July 25, 1867, Miss Ger 
trude Schulin, a most charming and accomplished young 
lady of New Orleans, Louisiana. The domestic life of 
these two people has been worthy of all praise. There 
have been born to them six children, four daughters and 
two sons. The oldest of the sons Mr. Ben Davis is a 
graduate of Yale University and also of Harvard Law 
School, and is at present one of the Assistant United 
States District Attorneys for the Northern District of 
Illinois. 

Companion Davis fell when he had just passed the 
full meridian of life, but he left behind him a record and 
a name of which the relatives, friends and Companions 
of any soldier may be justly proud, and which all good 



MEMORIALS. 461 

citizens may justly honor with the benediction "Well 
done, good and faithful servant." 

His last day on earth was November 23, 1899. His 
Companions remember him for his courage and fidelity, 
for his loyalty to his country and its flag, for his high 
character as a man and for his worth as a citizen whose 
many good deeds are worthy of emulation. 

THOMAS B. BRYAN, 
WILLIAM L. B. JENNEY, 
SIMEON H. CRANE, 

Committee. 




PETER HAND. 

Captain Twenty -fourth Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, November 23, 



r 7T,FTER several years of severe suffering from chronic 
f\ disease our Companion Peter Hand departed this 
^^" life on the 23rd day of November, 1899, at the 
age of sixty-four years. He came to this city with his 
parents in the year 1852, when seventeen years of age, 
and resided here ever since. At the outbreak of the Civil 
War he was one of the vast host of young Germans who, 
having warmly advocated the election of Abraham Lin 
coln for the Presidency in the preceding year, at once 
sprang to arms in defense of the country. There were 
in all four sons under his father s roof and all of them 
responded bravely at the very first call for volunteers. 

462 



MEMORIALS. 463 

Peter Hand s military service extended from the iQth of 
April, 1 86 1, to the 6th of August, 1864, and was of the 
most invaluable character. Before the war he had made 
himself perfectly proficient in the use of arms and hence 
he soon proved himself to be one of the best drill-masters 
in the Western army. He was absolutely fearless in 
battle and distinguished himself in every engagement in 
which his regiment took part. Severely wounded at Per- 
ryville he returned to his command before he had fully 
recovered and remained in the field to the last day of 
his term. As senior Captain the command of his regi 
ment, the Twenty-fourth Illinois Volunteers, devolved 
upon him in the spring of 1864, and he acquitted himself 
so well that General John M. Palmer, the commander of 
the Fourteenth Army Corps, bestowed upon him the 
highest encomiums. 

In civil life Captain Peter Hand enjoyed the esteem 
of all who knew him. He was of a gentle and cheerful 
disposition, of spotless reputation, scrupulously upright 
and in ail his business transactions the very soul of 
honor. 

He leaves a loving wife and two children who mourn 
with us and a host of friends his early death and to whom 
we extend our sincere condolence in their great bereave 
ment. 

WILLIAM VOCKE, 
GEORGE MASON, 
JOHN MCARTHUR, 

Committee. 




LEWIS LUCAS TROY. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Ninth Illinois Infantry, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, November 77, i8gq. 

I HIS Commandery is again called upon to mourn the 
V demise of one of its Companions, the late Lieuten 
ant Lewis Lucas Troy, who died November 17, 1899, of 
neuralgia of the heart, after a brief illness at his home, 
at 882 West Monroe street, in this city. 

Companion Troy was born in Bavaria, Germany, Feb 
ruary 27, 1839. At the age of seven years he came to this 
country, locating in Cincinnati, where a brother was re 
siding. He learned the trades of jeweler and blacksmith, 
which he followed alternately, and worked throughout 
the Western States, finally locating in Aledo, Illinois, 
where he opened a general merchandise store, in which 

464 



MEMORIALS. 465 

he was doing a prosperous business when the War of the 
Rebellion began. 

Companion Troy entered the service as a private in 
Company D, Ninth Illinois Infantry, April 20, 1861, en 
listing for ninety days service. At the expiration of this 
service he re-enlisted in Company E, Ninth Illinois Vol 
unteer Infantry, in which company he was appointed a 
Sergeant. Re-enlisting as a veteran March 31, 1864, he 
was discharged to accept promotion and was mustered 
as First Lieutenant and Adjutant, Ninth Illinois Veteran 
Mounted Infantry, October 20, 1864, to rank from August 
20, 1864. He was mustered out with his regiment July 
9, 1865. 

During his three months service, Companion Troy s 
regiment was assigned to General Prentiss s Brigade, at 
Cairo, Illinois. He served with his regiment in the cam 
paigns against Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, Pittsburg 
Landing, Shiloh and Corinth, Mississippi, in all of which 
battles he participated. The regiment was mounted 
after the battle of Corinth, and was attached to the left 
wing of the Sixteenth Army Corps under General G. M. 
Dodge. He then took part in the campaign against 
Atlanta and the battles before that city. In the March 
to the Sea, his regiment acted as advance guard for the 
Fourteenth and Twentieth Army Corps; and on the march 
from Atlanta to Goldsborough it was attached to the 
Seventeenth Army Corps, acting as advance guard and 
had from one to four brushes with the enemy daily. 
After Johnston s surrender, he marched with his regiment 
to Washington, and took part in the grand review; he 
then proceeded to Louisville, Kentucky, where the regi 
ment was mustered out. 

Companion Troy served with valor and distinction 
throughout the entire war, and his commission was given 
him as a reward for his bravery in action. 



466 MEMORIALS. 

Returning to Aledo, Illinois, he resumed commercial 
life, and remained in business at that place until 1869, 
when, through the efforts of the late Senator John A. 
Logan, he was appointed a railway postal clerk. Upon 
his entrance into the postal service he was assigned to 
duty on the Galva and Keithsburg line. His adaptability 
for the service soon secured his transfer to the more im 
portant line, the Chicago and Burlington Railway Post- 
office, and here his talents found a broader field. In 
18/4 his efficiency was again recognized by his transfer 
to the office of the Superintendent of the Sixth Division, 
Railway Mail Service, in Chicago. In 1882 he was pro 
moted to Chief Clerk of the Division, and to the Super- 
intendency of the Division October 4, 1890. 

The record of Companion Troy as a postal official 
was a brilliant one. With extraordinary powers of con 
centration, marvelous ability to grasp details, coupled 
with a powerful and retentive memory, he was particu 
larly and peculiarly adapted to the responsible trust so 
long successfully administered. His strong individuality 
impressed itself upon the service, and his influence upon 
its affairs must be felt for years to come. By his 
methodical system he won the confidence of the officials 
at Washington so completely that he was considered one 
of the ablest men in the service. Devoted to the best 
interests of the Railway Mail Service, its progress and 
improvement, always ready to sacrifice himself to pro 
mote its usefulness, absolutely unselfish in his devotion 
to duty, his life stands as a remarkable example of a 
public servant. 

Lieutenant Troy was elected a Companion of the 
First Class of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of 
the United States through the Cornmandery of the State 
of Illinois, February 13, 1890. He was also a member 



MEMORIALS. 467 

of U. S. Grant Post of the Grand Army of the Republic; 
Apollo Commandery, Knights Templar; Ancient Order 
United Workmen, in which he was a Past Grand and 
Past Supreme Master; the National Union, and the United 
States Railway Mail Service Mutual Aid Association. 

Several years ago Companion Troy, with twenty 
picked men from the Railway Mail Service, was placed 
in charge of a special train which conveyed $20,000,000 
in gold from San Francisco to New York City. 

Twenty-nine years ago Companion Troy was married 
to Emma Miles, daughter of John W. Miles, of Aledo, 
who was Quartermaster of the Seventeenth Illinois In 
fantry. Besides his widow, he is survived by two sons, 
Ernest G. and Harry L. Troy, who reside in Chicago; a 
sister, Mrs. Henry Stix, and a brother, Ernest Troy, of 
Cincinnati. 

Under the auspices of (.he Grand Army of the Republic 
and Apollo Commandery, Knights Templar, the funeral 
services were held November 20, 1899, at the late home 
of the deceased, and interment took place at Rose Hill. 

The sympathy of the Commandery is extended to the 
family of the deceased, and we recommend that this 
memorial be inscribed upon the records of this Com 
mandery, and that copies be furnished the family of our 
late Companion. 

MAURICE J. MCGRATH, 
JAMES E. STUART, 
LER.OY T. STEWARD, 

Committee. 




FRANCIS JULIUS FITZWILLIAM. 

First Lieutenant Thirty-third Ohio Infantry, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, December 23, 1899. 

OUR late Companion, Francis Julius Fitzwilliam, was 
born in Bainbridge, Ohio, July 11, 1840, and died 
in Chicago, Illinois, December 23, 1899. He at 
tended the District School and afterward the Union 
School of the village, and thus prepared himself for a 
college course, upon which he entered in 1859 at the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio. 

Like multitudes of other young men, he left the col 
lege in 1861 to enter upon the more arduous duties of a 
soldier, enlisting in, and being mustered as First Lieu 
tenant of Company G, Thirty-third Regiment of Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Colonel Sill. 



MEMORIALS. 469 

During the winter of 1 860-61 and the spring of 1861 
he was a member of the " Olentangy Grays, " a volunteer 
organization made up of college students at Delaware, 
Ohio, of which the writer was a member, organized to 
drill and prepare for the more arduous duties of soldier 
life that came to nearly all the members later on. Our 
Companion continued to hold the rank of First Lieuten 
ant of Company G, until honorably discharged October 
10, 1864, having served his full period of enlistment of 
three years. He was promoted to Captaincy of his Com 
pany, March 15, 1864, but declined to be mustered on 
his commission as Captain, as that would bind him to 
the service for another period of "three years or during 
the war." 

Early in 1862 the Thirty-third Ohio Regiment of Vol 
unteer Infantry, even before it was fully equipped, crossed 
the Ohio River at Maysville, Kentucky, and joined in the 
memorable Campaign of General Nelson against Hum 
phrey Marshall, who had entered Eastern Kentucky 
through the gap of the Cumberland Mountains and was 
devastating that loyal portion of the State with fire and 
sword. The regiment marched by way of Flemingsburg 
to Prestonburg and Piketon. Colonel James A. Garfield, 
then commanding the Forty-second Ohio, landed at Cat- 
lettsburg, Kentucky, at the mouth of the Big Sandy River, 
late in December, 1861, and, assuming command of the 
troops then assembling at that point, proceeded up the 
river into the mountains, overtaking and defeating Hum 
phrey Marshall at Middle Creek, Kentucky. January 10, 
1862, Garfield s command was part of General Nelson s 
army, and the two commands met at Prestonburg. Hum 
phrey Marshall was defeated and driven out of Kentucky, 
soon after which the Thirty-third Ohio descended the 
Big Sandy and at its mouth took transports down the 



4/O MEMORIALS. 

Ohio to Louisville, where it became a part of the Division 
commanded by General O. M. Mitchell s Army of the 
Ohio. 

On the reorganization of the army the Thirty-third 
Ohio was attached to the First Brigade, First Division, 
Fourteenth Army Corps, and so remained, we believe, up 
to the time our comrade was mustered out of service in 
October, 1864. 

If time would permit it, it would be pleasant to ac 
company our late Companion through the three years of 
arduous service which he rendered as a volunteer officer, 
but it would involve a history of battles, campaigns and 
adventures that would fill a volume. We can only men 
tion in succession some of the campaigns and battles in 
which he participated: 

Bridgeport, Alabama, April 29, 1862; Fort McCook, 
Alabama, August 30, 1862; Perry ville, October 8, 1862; 
Stone s River, December 31, 1862, and January I and 2, 
1863; Hoover s Gap, Tennessee, June 24, 1863; Chicka- 
mauga, September 19 and 20, 1863; Lookout, Novem 
ber 24, and Missionary Ridge, November 2 5, 1863, Rocky 
Faced Ridge, May 8; Buzzard s Roost, May 9; Dug Gap, 
May 10; Resaca, May 1 3 to 16; Cassville, May 19 to 22; 
New Hope Church, May 25; Kenesaw Mountain, June 9; 
Peach Tree Creek, July 20, 1864; Siege of Atlanta, from 
July 28 to September 2, 1864, and Jonesboro, Georgia, 
September i, 1864. 

In all these important battles and campaigns he was 
with his regiment, took an active part, obeyed orders 
and won the commendation of his superiors and the love 
and esteem of his companions and subordinates. 

Our Companion, after he removed to Chicago, became 
a member of Thomas Post, No. 5, Grand Army of the Re 
public, and in accordance with the request of the Post, 



MEMORIALS. 

filed a brief memorandum giving a modest account of 
some of the events of the war connected with his own 
service, from which I have been permitted to copy some 
extracts. 

"At Sharpsburg, Kentucky, a committee of handsome 
ladies presented the regiment with its first flag, having 
heard in advance that the regiment was destitute of this 
important emblem. The skirmishes and chasing fights 
we engaged in through the mountains of Eastern Ken 
tucky in the fall and winter of 1861-2, under General 
Nelson, are not mentioned in my list of engagements, as 
the fights did not take on the dignity of battles, but the 
fact that men were killed and wounded in this campaign 
made it memorable to us, in the callow days of our inex 
perience, by the longest day s marching and the slimmest 
rations in all our service. Incorporated in General Buell s 
Army of the Ohio, General O. M. Mitchell s Division, we 
made that incursion into Alabama, capturing Huntsville 
in April, 1862, securing control of the Memphis and 
Charleston Railroad, with a large lot of rolling stock, 
thus cutting off recruits to Beauregard s Army at Shiloh. 
In movement by rail under General Sill, we had our first 
battle at Bridgeport. 

"Some fledgling engineer built a fort on a hill lean 
ing toward the Tennessee River and overlooking the road 
leading out from the Sequatchie Valley. This fort was 
named McCook, and constituted the advanced post of 
General Mitchell toward Chattanooga. 

"In August my regiment with a squadron of cavalry 
and a section of artillery occupied this post under Colonel 
L. A. Harris. First, the cavalry was taken away, later 
the artillery was ordered away, and finally when General 
Buell had gathered his forces for a rapid race with Gen 
eral Bragg for Louisville, Kentucky, we were left with 



4/2 MEMORIALS. 

orders to hold this untenable fort. On August 3Oth, just 
after the dinner hour, without a thought of an enemy 
near, suddenly a shell from a gun on the opposite side 
of the river burst in our midst. Having no gun to reply, 
we hurried to the protection of the upper parapet of the 
fort, but on the outside, as the interior of the fort was 
turned toward the rebel gunners. Later one company, 
armed with Springfield muskets, was thrown into rifle 
pits constructed on the river bank, and another company 
was dispatched up the river road to a point where the 
road from Jasper, Tennessee, comes in. It was a merry 
game for the rebel gunners until our riflemen got their 
range, but a peril menaced us from General Adams at 
Jasper with his troopers. 

"A rain storm came on as the sun declined, when 
Colonel Harris decided to get out. These were the days 
when every regiment had wagons. The wagon wheels 
were muffled with tents cut up for the purpose, so as to 
move without noise on the rocky road. 

We captured a citizen as he neared the Jasper road, 
who gave us the welcome news that General Adams and 
staff were drunk and hilarious that rainy night at the 
village tavern. 

"But we had to march night and day to catch up 
with the army on its way to Kentucky in race with Gen 
eral Bragg. At Louisville the army was reorganized. 
I was detailed in the Brigade Staff as Aide de Camp, and 
Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Colonel Len A. Har 
ris, of the Second Ohio Regiment, commanding. I con 
tinued in this relation through the battles of Perryville 
and Stone s River. At Chattanooga, I with my Brigade 
had the unique experience of participating in the battle 
of Lookout Mountain and in the assault on Missionary 
Ridge, the next day, on the extreme right of assaulting 



MEMORIALS. 473 

columns. I endured the Siege of Chattanooga, when 
hard bread and S. B. came to be valued and appreciated 
as they never had been before. 

"After the battle of Jonesboro, about the time our 
Division was preparing to march back to Atlanta, the 
enemy were active with their annoyance. I was sent 
with two companies on outpost to cover the movement. 
Before I could post my guards, dismounted cavalry in 
large number attempted to surround us, so that with 
difficulty we got through them. The Lieutenant com 
manding the other company, among others, was killed, 
but we carried his body with us until we came within 
supporting distance of the Reserve. 

"This action occupied only about thirty minutes, but 
was full of all the incidents peculiar to a great battle. 
This was my last conflict, as I was soon mustered out of 
service with many other comrades." 

Comrade Fitzwilliam s father was keeper of a country 
store and at the age of fourteen he was sent some dis 
tance from home to aid in establishing a branch store, 
and proved himself quick to learn and useful in conduct 
ing the branch store. 

Released from military service by honorable discharge 
he decided to re-enter mercantile business. He came to 
Bloomington, Illinois, in 1866, and entered the retail 
dry goods business with his father, under the firm name 
of Fitzwilliam Sons. 

It soon became the largest retail dry goods establish 
ment in Central Illinois, and later a branch store was 
established at Pontiac, Illinois. Of this large business 
our Companion was for many years the manager. 

He married Miss Lucretia Mott Read, of New Lon 
don, Ohio, in 1866, and from this union there were born 
two sons and two daughters, all of whom are married, 



474 MEMORIALS. 

and the eldest son is now our Companion, taking his 
father s place on his death as a first-class member by 
inheritance. 

His wife died in April, 1893. He had retired from 
the dry goods business in 1892. He was an active, lead 
ing business man in Bloomington and took part in all 
public enterprises of moment. 

Among other things he organized the National Home 
Building and Loan Association, which for many years 
was remarkably successful, but, like other similar asso 
ciations, it suffered greatly from the depression that came 
to real estate securities everywhere in the panic of 1893. 

He retired from the Presidency of that Association in 
January, 1896. On June 23, 1896, he was married to 
Miss Sarah E. Raymond, in Boston, and about April i, 
1897, removed to Chicago. A beautiful home was pur 
chased on Vincennes avenue, where he and his estimable 
wife collected about them books, works of art, and all 
those luxuries and comforts which constitute a real 
American home. It was here that he anticipated spend 
ing his declining years in comfort, where the children 
and grandchildren, of whom there were several, and 
friends could assemble and make joyous the old age of 
the Veteran, but alas disease came in 1899 to becloud 
the horizon, and it made an anxious summer for our 
Companion and his loving wife. The disease which at 
tacked him was not regarded dangerous until in Decem 
ber, when, on the advice of his physician, he went to the 
Chicago Hospital to have an operation performed. The 
inception of the operation disclosed a condition that ren 
dered any operation ineffectual, and he gradually grew 
worse until the end came on Saturday before Christmas. 

This brave soldier, this successful business man, this 
loving father, this good citizen, was a Christian man in 



MEMORIALS. 4/5 

the truest sense of the word. He united with the First 
Methodist Church in Bloomington some time early in the 
seventies, became and was Superintendent for fourteen 
years of a Sabbath School. He gave liberally and freely 
to the church and to charitable objects, but never osten 
tatiously. He founded a mission down near the railroad, 
and in honor of his deceased wife named it " Lucretia 
Chapel." 

It is now a strong organization with a flourishing 
Sunday School, doing much good among the laboring 
classes, and a worthy monument to the memory of a 
practical Christian gentleman, who lived religion, in his 
daily life. He was always courteous, genial, pleasant, 
and made all who came within his magnetic influence 
feel that he was a man to trust, to respect, and to love. 

After he removed to Chicago he transferred his mem 
bership from William T. Sherman Post, Grand Army of 
the Republic, of Bloomington, to Thomas Post No. 5, of 
Chicago. He had also become a member of our Com- 
mandery and he rarely missed a stated meeting of the 
Loyal Legion. 

After his death a simple service was held at his resi 
dence on December 26th, and his remains were then 
taken to Bloomington, Illinois, and a public funeral was 
held at the First Methodist Episcopal Church on Decem 
ber 2/th, which was attended by multitudes of his old 
friends, neighbors and comrades. His remains were 
buried in beautiful Evergreen Cemetery at Bloomington, 
under the auspices of William T. Sherman Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, and with the beautiful ritual of 
the Grand Army. 

Reverend Frost Craft, of Decatur, Illinois, pronounced 
a eulogy at the church service in Bloomington. 

And so our soldier Companion, leaving behind him 



476 MEMORIALS. 

loving ties and pleasant memories, has entered upon 
Eternal Rest. Peacefully, honorably, he met, and dis 
charged all life s duties and now has entered that dream 
less sleep which the din of war and clash of arms can 
never disturb. Honored, beloved, and sincerely mourned 

by all who knew him. 

JOHN B. BAKER, 

JAMES H. DAVIDSON, 
HENRY Fox, SR., 

Committee. 




RICHARD WATERMAN. 

First Lieutenant First Rhode Island Cavalry, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, Januarv 6, igoo. 

OUR Commandery has lost another member, and again 
is called upon to offer tribute of sorrow, affection 
and appreciation for a Companion. Lieutenant 
Richard Waterman departed this life on the 6th day of 
January, Anno Domini 1900, at his home in Chicago, 
after a tedious and painful illness, endured with manly 
Christian fortitude, like the brave soldier he long ago 
proved himself, amid the stress of Civil War. 

Richard Waterman was born on the 2Oth day of 
January, 1841, at Providence, Rhode Island; he was a 
lineal descendant of Richard Waterman, who helped 
Roger Williams to found the State of Rhode Island, and 

477 



4/8 MEMORIALS. 

who settled at Providence, where, ever since, his direct 
descendants have been well known and respected, the 
name being perpetuated to memory in one of the prin 
cipal thoroughfares of that city. 

On his mother s side, also, Lieutenant Waterman was 
allied with much of the best blood of New England, being 
connected with Benjamin Franklin, and General Nathaniel 
Greene, the friend of Washington. Coming of such ances 
try it is not strange that he took pride therein, and was 
ever loyal to the free institutions of the land they had 
helped to establish, and to the dear old Flag for which 
he fought when the time carne for him to show his man 
hood and devotion. 

He was of large, powerful frame and splendid con 
stitution, and as a young man was fond of every kind of 
physical exercise. He \vas a student at Brown University 
when the Rebellion broke upon the country, and as a 
member of the Kentish Guards, a local militia organiza 
tion of his native city, when the first call for troops came 
in 1 86 1, he enlisted as a private in the First Rhode Island 
Volunteer Infantry under the call of the President for 
seventy-five thousand men. The term of enlistment was 
for three months, and as the First Rhode Island was one 
of the earliest regiments to be sent to Washington, its 
time ended several weeks before the first battle of Bull 
Run; but, following the example of its Colonel, Ambrose 
E. Burnside, who declared his intention to remain in 
service at the front till fighting began, the whole regiment 
remained and took part in the battle when it was fought. 

On the muster out of the First Rhode Island, Private 
Richard Waterman returned to his home, took part in 
raising a company of cavalry, and again entered service 
as First Lieutenant of Troop F of the First Rhode Island 
Cavalry. 



MEMORIALS. 4/9 

He was with his command continuously until the dis 
astrous conflict at Fredericksburg, when, shattered in 
health by the hard service required of him, he was com 
pelled to resign, and in January, 1863, returned to Provi 
dence, as his friends believed, to die in a few weeks. Up 
to this time his command had been engaged in the fol 
lowing battles and skirmishes all during the year 1X62: 
Near Warrenton Junction, April i6th;. Rappahannock 
Crossing, April i8th; Front Royal, May 3Oth; Columbia 
Bridge, June 2d; Miller s Bridge, June 4th; Mountain 
Road, June 9th; Cedar Mountain, August 9th; North Rap 
pahannock and Catlette s Station, August 2ist; Rappa 
hannock Station, August 23rd; Sulphur Springs, August 
26th; Groveton, August 28th; Second Bull Run, August 
3<Dth; Chantilly, September 1st; White Ford, October 
1 2th; Mountville, October 3ist; Hazee Run, November 
1 6th, and Fredericksburg, December I3th during all of 
which time Lieutenant Waterman had remained on duty, 
refusing to go to hospital, though at times so ill that he 
had to be lifted into his saddle. 

In May, 1863, he went to California for his health, 
where he remained on a ranch near San Francisco, until 
November, 1864, when he returned to the Fast, and on 
June 21, 1865, he married Miss Virginia P. Rhodes, of 
Providence, Rhode Island, and of this marriage were 
born two daughters, since deceased, and one son, who 
survives him our Companion, Mr. Richard Waterman. 

In September, 1865, he entered the Harvard Law 
School, took his degree two years later, and after prac 
ticing his profession for a year in Boston, came to Chi 
cago in December, 1868, and entered the office of James 
L. Stark. For thirty-one years Lieutenant Waterman 
has been a member of the bar at Chicago, chiefly devot 
ing himself to real estate and real estate law. 



480 MEMORIALS. 

He was loyal to his adopted city and keenly interested 
in its growth and in every movement which promised to 
advance its interests and reputation. In 1880 he was 
Sergeant-at-Arms in the Republican National Conven 
tion, whichresultedinthenominationof President Garfield. 

In 1892 his health failed and forced his retirement 
from active business life, and drove him to Carlsbad in 
1895, and again in 1896, with the hope of recovery, 
which proved vain, and in December, 1899, he was taken 
seriously ill and entered into rest in the early days of the 
present year. 

Our late Companion was a gentleman without fear 
and without reproach, and a true patriot worthy of the 
stock from which he descended, and his memory should 
and will be cherished by us, his Companions who survive 
him, for the short time they may remain behind in their 
life s journey, with sincere sympathy for his sorrowing- 
wife and son. 

WILLIAM ELIOT FURXESS, 
JOSEPH B. LEAKE, 

ALBERT L. COE, 

Committee. 




EDWIN ANSON BOWEN. 

Lieutenant Colonel Fifty-second Illinois Infantry, United States l^ol- 
unteers. Died at Jacksonville, Florida, Januarv S, igoo. 

OAPIDLY the survivors of the great war are falling 
|\ into the silent rest. Companion Edwin Anson 
^" Bowen departed this life at Jacksonville, Florida, 
on the morning of January 8, 1900. 

His death was caused by heart failure, of which he 
had premonitory symptoms during the last three years. 
He was born near Fitzwilliam, in Cheshire County, New 
Hampshire, on November 11, 1831, and was the young 
est son of Moses A. Bowen, who came to Illinois in 1834, 
and entered a half section of land at Perkin s Grove (now 
La Moille), in Bureau Count} . On this farm Companion 
Bowen was raised. In 1848 he became a student in 

481 



482 MEMORIALS. 

Judson College, Mount Pulaski, Illinois, where he studied 
two and a half years; and during the next eight years he 
engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 1859 he purchased 
an interest in a mine near Denver, Colorado, and spent 
about two years in developing it, and then returned to 
his old home in Illinois. The storm of our great Civil 
War was just breaking over the land, and, responding to 
President Lincoln s second call for volunteers, he assisted 
in recruiting a company and as its chosen Captain brought 
it into the camp of the "Lincoln Regiment" then being 
organized at Camp Lyon, at Geneva, Illinois, by Colonel 
Isaac G. Wilson, under authority from the Secretary of 
War. He was mustered with his company into the ser 
vice on October 25, 1861, as Company B, of the Fifty- 
second Illinois Infantry Volunteers, and his commission 
from Governor Richard Yates gave him the rank of Cap 
tain from October 8th of that year. He at once took up 
the studies and duties of military life with the assiduity 
and thoroughness that was a marked characteristic of his 
nature, and quickly attracted the attention of both 
officers and men, and Company B was soon acknowl 
edged one of the best disciplined and drilled companies, 
and Captain Bowen was recognized as one of the most 
competent officers of the organization. The close inti 
macy and thorough acquaintance which military associa 
tion affords strengthened and deepened that impression, 
and no member of his regiment was more highly and 
unanimously respected and trusted than was our deceased 
Companion. In a marked degree he was a man of sturdy, 
reliable character. Knowing him to-day, one knew him 
for the future. His courage was beyond question, and 
he had a large capacity for work, so that he could, and 
always did, share with his men all the dangers, duties 
and hardships of war. He was a man of fine executive 



MEMORIALS. 483 

ability, and he was just and kind. His temper was pe 
culiarly even, and his passions were under complete con 
trol. He had a high sense of honor, and strong convic 
tions of duty. Profanity and obscenity were strangers 
to his lips. He was strictly temperate and morally pure 
in word and deed, and a man of strong religious nature, 
who without obtrusion let it be distinctly known. So 
clearly recognized were his soldierly qualities, that when 
his regiment was left without field officers during the 
great battle of Shiloh, he took its direction and control 
without official orders, but by common consent, although 
not the ranking Captain, and on the loth of the follow 
ing month he was promoted to the rank of Major. Sub 
sequently, in the regular line of promotion, he received 
his commission as Lieutenant Colonel, to rank as such 
from March 11, 1863, which rank he held until the time 
of his enlistment expired. He was mustered out of the 
service at Rome, Georgia, on the 24th day of October, 
1864. On the 23d day of August of that year Governor 
Yates issued to him a commission giving to him the rank 
of Colonel, from February 2Oth; but he was never mus 
tered in that rank. He was of robust physique and 
rarely ill, and probably accomplished as many days of 
active duty as any soldier of the command, and was with 
his regiment in all its camps, marches and battles, par 
ticipating in over twenty engagements. 

At the close of his military service Companion Bowen 
returned to his old home, and in the spring of 1865 he, 
with others, organized the First National Bank of Men- 
dota, Illinois, and became its President, with Quarter 
master Fulton Gifford, of his old regiment, as Cashier; 
and these two comrades and friends conducted success 
fully the affairs of this bank for over thirty years, making 
it one of the most safe and profitable moneyed institu- 



484 MEMORIALS. 

tions in that part of the State. Each acquired honest 
wealth and the highest esteem of the entire community. 
In 1897 he experienced a nervous shock, indicating 
paralysis or some kindred ailment, and with his accus 
tomed promptness he at once disposed of his business 
interests and withdrew from active pursuits. The inter 
vening years Companion Bowen has passed in quiet 
home life, and in leisurely travel, always accompanied 
by his accomplished wife, Mrs. Martha J. Bowen, visiting 
and lingering in the pleasantest resorts of the land. Ap 
parently in good health, he knew well the character of 
the disease that threatened him, and steadily held him 
self in instant readiness for the inevitable summons; and 
when it came, quietly, without pain or fear, he fell asleep 
like one " who wraps the drapery of his couch about him 
and lies down to pleasant dreams. " 

This Commandery tenders to the bereaved wife and 
sons and daughters of our deceased Companion the sin 
cere sympathy of its members yet points with pride to 
the Christian character and manly life of him they mourn, 
as the highest solace in their sad affliction. 

JOHN S. WILCOX, 
HENRY K. WOLCOTT, 
MAURICE J. McGRATH, 

Committee. 







CHRISTIAN ERICKSON. 

First Lieutenant Eighty-second Illinois Infantry and Brevet Captain, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 

January 20, igoo. 

I HIS Commandery has lost another worthy member 
^ in the death of Captain Christian Erickson, which 
occurred on the 2Oth of January, 1900, in Chicago, 
Illinois. Captain Erickson was a native of Bergen, 
Norway, and came to this country in the year 1859, at 
the age of twenty years. In March, 1862, he enlisted 
as a private in Company I, Eighty-second Regiment 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was mustered as 
Orderly Sergeant, October 23, 1862, appointed Second 
Lieutenant December n, 1862, and promoted to the 
rank of Eirst Lieutenant March 12, 1864. He served 

4*5 



486 MEMORIALS. 

with his regiment in the Eleventh Corps, first in the 
Army of the Potomac, and, after the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, with the Army of the Cumberland. On March 
13, 1865, he was promoted to the rank of Captain by 
brevet, for gallant and meritorious conduct, and on the 
9th of June of the same year, the war being ended, he 
was discharged with his regiment from military service. 
In the numerous campaigns in which his regiment 
participated Captain Erickson distinguished himself at 
all times by his soldierly bearing and strict devotion to 
duty. He was cool and courageous in action, and to his 
soldiers always a model of excellent military discipline. 
After the war Captain Erickson was successfully em 
ployed until a few years ago in mercantile pursuits. His 
career in business marked him as a gentleman of the 
strictest integrity and highest honor, and all who knew 
him bear cheerful testimony that he was a most patriotic 
and public-spirited citizen. 

Besides his numerous friends and Companions he 
leaves behind him his widow, Agnes Jevne Erickson, of 
Chicago, and four children, to whom we express our 
most heartfelt sympathy in their great sorrow. 

FRANCIS LACKNER, 
WILLIAM TODD, 
WILLIAM VOCKE, 

Committee. 



V^^^L ^H jafefc^. / 



ADDISON AUGUSTUS ADAIR. 

Captain Sevcnty-eit^htJi Ohio Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Clarion, OJiio, /aunar\ 2J , igoo. 

I APTAIN Addison Augustus Adair was born in Zanes- 
V^ ville, Ohio, September 27, 1842, and died at 
Marion, Ohio, January 27, 1900. He enlisted as a 
private soldier in the Seventy-eighth Ohio Volunteer In 
fantry, and went with his regiment to the front in 
December, 1861, reporting to the Second Brigade, Third 
Division, Seventeenth Army Corps, Army of the Ten 
nessee. He served three years and nine months in the 
successive grades and was promoted to the rank of 
Captain, April 22, 1865. Companion Adair was with 
his regiment at Fort Donelson, Shiloh and the Siege of 
Corinth, and participated in the battles of Port Gibson, 

487 



488 MEMORIALS. 

Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River and 
the Siege of Vicksburg. After the surrender of Vicks 
burg the Seventy-eighth Ohio Infantry returned home on 
a veteran furlough, and on May 7, 1864, they were 
ordered to rejoin Sherman s Army in Georgia and were 
with him on his March to the Sea, participating in all the 
battles incident to that great march. Companion Adair 
took part in twenty-five different battles besides many 
skirmishes. 

The records show that Companion Adair was a man 
of fine appearance, correct habits and quiet demeanor. 
He was a member of the Phil. Sheridan Post, No. 615, 
Department of Illinois, Oak Park, having served as 
Commander of the Post, and Senior Vice-Commander of 
the Department of Illinois. 

March 13, 1867, Companion Adair was married to 
Virginia McConnell, of McConnellsville, Ohio, who, 
with her daughter Ella, and son Charles M. Adair, sur 
vives him. 

The Rev. Dr. Charles S. Hoyt, Pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Oak Park, Illinois, of which Com 
panion Adair was a member, wrote the following: 

11 It will be hard for us to realize that this hearty 
friend, with his warm hand-shake and cheery voice, will 
be seen no more in our church fellowship. We shall 
greatly miss one so regular in attendance morning and 
night, and so prompt and earnest in taking part. His 
voice could often be heard above all others in the re 
sponsive readings and in song. He evidently enjoyed 
such participations with a keen relish. He was a good 
listener and often deeply moved by the truth. No man 
ever had a tenderer heart than this hardy, outspoken 
soldier. His death brought sorrow to all our people, 
who will long remember his honest, whole-hearted 



MEMORIALS. 489 

nature. We believe he fought the fight, kept the faith 

and gained the crown." 

ELIJAH S. WATTS, 
W T ILLIAM TODD, 
DUKE NICHELSOX, 

Committee. 




EZRA WOLCOTT KINGSBURY. 

Captain Second Colorado Cavalry, United States Volunteers. Died 
at Chicago, Illinois, February g, igoo. 

e TAIN EzraWolcott Kingsbury, born June n, 1830, 
in South Coventry, Connecticut, died February 9, 
1900, in Chicago, Illinois. The beginning and end of life 
on earth; a mere drop compared to the ocean of eternity. 
But what of the between ? Doubtless the usual vicissi 
tudes of business failures and successes but more 
than that service for his country. 

In May, 1862, he was appointed by the Governor of 
Colorado to assist in recruiting and organizing the Third 
Colorado Infantry. In October of that year he was com 
missioned First Lieutenant and subsequently Captain. 
Thereafter the regiment was consolidated with the Sec- 

49 o 



MEMORIALS. 49 1 

ond Colorado Infantry and became the Second Colorado 
Cavalry, in October, 1863. Our Companion was com 
missioned as Captain of Company I, Second Cavalry, 
and was mustered in January 12, 1863. He was mus 
tered out of the service, August, 1865. 

He served in Missouri and Arkansas and participated 
in the campaign which resulted in the defeat and capture 
of Jeff. Thompson, and in the battle of Prairie Grove, as 
volunteer Aide on General Blunt s Staff, when he was 
wounded. Subsequently he participated in actions at 
Independence, Little Blue, Washport, Mine Creek and 
Newtonia, where he was again wounded. Then he was 
sent to Fort Riley, Kansas, for Indian service, where he 
remained until mustered out. 

Dates, names of battles, recital of wounds, muster in 
and out, are brief records, but the courage, the stern 
purpose to do or die for his country, the fatigues of 
march, the physical suffering from inclement weather, 
oftentimes without sufficient food, or the total absence 
of it, every old soldier can fill in from his own experience. 

Nothing was ever grander in the history of the world 
than the spontaneous uprising of the men of the North 
in defense of the Union. Merchants closed their stores, 
lawyers left their briefs, doctors forsook their patients, 
clerks left their yard-sticks, blacksmiths their forges, 
carpenters their benches, farmer boys left their plows in 
the furrows, as Putnam did almost a hundred years before. 
It was a great struggle, Americans against Americans. 

Our honored Companion was in it and of it. He 
came out with wounds and shattered health, but no price 
counted in dollars would have bought from him his scars. 
He was a gentleman, a welcome and honored Companion 
in our Order, sociable, unobtrusive, helpful (when he 
could) to those who needed help. He was as good a 



492 MEMORIALS. 

member of our Order as he was a soldier, and nothing 

more could be said. 

JOHN E. HOWARD, 
CHARLES T. HOTCHKISS, 
WILLIAM K. FRENCH, 

Committee. 




ALFRED THEODORE ANDREAS. 

I irst Lieutenant and Quartermaster J zvelftli Illinois In fantr v, United 

States Volunteers. Died at Neuj Rocliclle, Neiu York, 

February 10, iqoo. 

Y~\IED, on February 10, 1900, at New Rochelle, New 
I / York, where he was temporarily residing, Alfred 
~~^ Theodore Andreas, a member of this Commandery 
since October 4, 1882. He was born at Amity, Orange 
County, New York, May 29, 1839. Soon after that 
time his father removed to Chester, in the same county, 
and engaged in mercantile pursuits, and later, to Holly, 
Pennsylvania. Having prospered at the latter place, he 
went to New York City and became a successful mer 
chant. Alfred received his education at Chester Academy. 
Being of an adventurous and self-reliant disposition, he 

493 



494 MEMORIALS. 

came Westward, arriving in Dubuque, Iowa, in July, 
1857. He soon found employment, first as a clerk, and 
afterwards as a school teacher, in which latter calling he 
continued for about three years. In the fall of 1860 he 
went with an Iowa acquaintance to St. Louis to sell a 
lot of horses, and while journeying through Missouri, 
was first impressed with the evils of slavery. Having 
completed the business of the trip, he came across into 
Illinois, stopping near Sparta, Randolph County. Here 
he found employment during the winter of 1860 and 
1861, and up to the beginning of the war. Concerning 
his employment at that time, he says: "At that time I 
was little more than a boy. Circumstances had drifted 
me into a little place in Southern Illinois, some sixteen 
miles from a railroad, where I was getting a small salary 
for presiding over the rising generation of the neighbor 
hood. In other words, I was teaching school." When 
the first call for seventy-five thousand troops was made, 
he made an unsuccessful attempt to enter the army. 
Later, on July 21, 1 86 1, he enlisted as a private in Com 
pany G, Twelfth Illinois Infantry, and the next day 
joined the regiment, then stationed at Cairo. He was 
with the regiment in its various camps at Cairo, Birds- 
point and Paducah, in the summer of 1861, and in the 
latter part of the year at Smithland, Kentucky, where a 
detachment of the regiment was stationed. He was, by 
a singular act of good fortune, both for himself arid the 
command, detailed for duty in the Commissary Depart 
ment, for the discharge of which he had remarkable 
aptitude. At the first opportunity, May I, 1862, he was 
made Commissary Sergeant, a promotion already richly 
earned. In this position he soon became personally 
known to every officer and enlisted man in the regiment, 
numbering them all as his friends. No day was so stormy, 



MEMORIALS. 495 

no night so dark, no situation so hazardous as to deter 
him from doing all in his power to promote the comfort 
and serve the necessities of the men in the command to 
which he belonged. January i, 1863, he was commis 
sioned First Lieutenant and Quartermaster of the regi 
ment, in which position his enlarged opportunities and 
duties were met with the same zeal and fidelity that had 
won him his promotion. Always alert, the men of the 
regiment never were short in clothing and food, when it 
was possible for him to procure them. During the 
Atlanta Campaign he was made Commissary of Division, 
first on the Staff of General Sweeney and afterwards 
with General Corse, and held this position on the March 
to the Sea and through the Carolinas. Having dis 
charged faithfully and acceptably every duty of a sol 
dier, in every capacity in which it came to him, he was 
mustered out at Goldsboro, North Carolina, April i, 
1865. He returned home, and on May 31, 1865, was 
married at Davenport, Iowa, to Miss Sophia Lyter, 
who made his home happy, and shared his successes and 
reverses during their nearly thirty-five years of mar 
ried life, and who with two daughters, Eulalia Lyter 
Andreas and Elouie Lyter Atherton, survives him. Re 
turning to civil life with his views broadened and his 
energies quickened and strengthened by his military ex 
perience, which had been educational to him, he at once 
sought a field for active enterprise. He had seen great 
things done and had helped to do them, and he could see 
no reason why he could not undertake and accomplish 
great enterprises, as well as other men. He was a 
pioneer in the county atlas and history work in the West, 
and in it achieved notable success. This brought him 
to and identified him with our city, and his history of 
Chicago will long remain a standard work upon which 



496 MEMORIALS. 

the student and the future historian must rely. Success 
soon crowned his efforts. He took at its flood the tide 
in the affairs of men which leads on to fortune, but that 
same tide in its ebb bore him out on a tempestuous sea 
where the waves of financial disaster overwhelmed him. 
Though his energy never flagged and hope never deserted 
him, he was never able to retrieve his fortune. He 
envied no man s good fortune, and in his many enter 
prises, successful and unsuccessful, we believe it can be 
truthfully said of him that he never intentionally wronged 
any man. Wearied with the struggle, he at last laid 
himself down to rest, and "After life s fitful fever, he 
sleeps well. " He was a devoted member of the Loyal 
Legion and believed in it, not only as a fraternal organ 
ization, but as one of the reliable agencies through which 
the truth concerning the great struggle in which we were 
engaged shall be transmitted to the future. 

JOHN MCARTHUR, 
GEORGE L. PADDOCK, 
GEORGE HUNT, 

Committee 




JOHN FRANCIS McGUIRE. 

Captain One Hundred and / (fly-third A T ciu York Infantry, i )iitcd 

States I oluntcers Died at Annislon, 

Alabama, February ig, igoo. 

f/EEPING pace with the swift- winged years on their 
*| \ march toward eternity, stalks our old time enemy, 
^ inexorable and insatiate. We have met him face 
to face on the lonely picket post, on the weary march 
through poisoned fen and deadly morass, on the blood- 
sodden fields of the Southland, and the victory has been 
ours. But, the battle of life is nearly ended, and, worn 
with the constant strife, we shall soon find rest within 
"those low green tents whose curtains never outward 
swing. " Into the sacred precincts of that camp where 
sleep the pale-faced battalions of our soldier dead, has 

497 



MEMORIALS. 

passed our late Companion John Francis McGuire, who 
died February 19, 1900, at Anniston, Alabama, in his 
sixty-second year. Companion McGuire was a self-made 
man, and had won the respect and highest regard of his 
fellow men in the communities wherein he lived. He 
was known to but few of our Cornmandery, however, by 
reason of his frequent absences in quest of health, and 
because of his retiring disposition and unassuming ways 
when with us. He was born in " a small town in the 
Adirondacks " (to use his own phrasing), February 22, 
1838, and in the few leisure moments attending his strug 
gle for fortune he studied for the profession of law. 
When the Nation s call was sounded in 1861, he was at 
tending a school in Canada, but shortly thereafter re 
turned to his home, where, through his strenuous per 
sonal efforts, together with the expenditure of his meager 
savings, he succeeded in raising a company, numbering 
about forty-five men, out of a community whose patriot 
ism lay so dormant that only his most determined efforts 
served to rouse its members to the shame of their condi 
tion and the threatened disgrace of a draft. His men 
were assigned to Company I, One Hundred and Fifty- 
third New York Infantry, and he was appointed their 
First Lieutenant. He served constantly with his regi 
ment in Abercrombie s Division, Defenses of Washington, 
through Banks s Red River Campaign, and again with 
the Army of the Potomac, from July, 1864, to the end at 
Appomattox. He was detailed as Assistant Provost Mar 
shal of Savannah, remaining at that point until he was 
mustered out, as Captain, in October, 1865. Later on 
he was brevetted Major by the Governor of his native 
State. At the close of his service he again took up the 
study of law, and in 1867 he was admitted to the bar. 
In 1868 he removed to Clinton, Iowa, where he prospered 



MEMORIALS. 499 

in his practice, and December 6, 1876, was married to 
Miss Julia Thomas, of Lyons, Iowa. He identified him 
self closely with the best interests of the community and 
soon became a prominent factor in its public affairs, 
until a few years ago, when he was compelled to retire 
from public life and seek a warmer climate in the hope 
of restoring his health. 

He leaves surviving him a widow and two sons, Frank 
E., and Frederick T. , to whom we express our sorrow 
and extend our heartfelt sympathy in this the saddest 
hour of life. 

JOHN J. ABERCROMBIE, 
WILLIAM N. DANKS, 

BRADLEY DEAN, 

Committee. 




JOHN McNULTA. 

Colonel Ninety-fourth Illinois Infantry and Brei et Brigadier 

General, United States Volunteers. Died at Washington, 

District of Columbia, February 22, igoo. 



McNULTA, Colonel Ninety-fourth Illinois 
Infantry and Brevet Brigadier General, United 
States Volunteers. Elected January 13, 1887. 
First Class. No. 5287. Chicago, Illinois. 

Such is the short and simple record of a man recently 
passed from amongst us, given back now to mother 
earth, who while he lived was not alone an honored 
Companion of this Order, but as well a companion, 
confidant and friend of the foremost men of our time, 
and who wrought greatly with them in silent fashion for 
his country and his kind. 

500 



MEMORIALS. 5OI 

He who writes these lines first met him in the year 
1862; before the great war had assumed all of its pro 
portions or manifested all of its results, he had been in 
the front of the fray from Lexington s noted defense 
until that hour, and young as he was, the grave issues of 
his earlier service had molded his face and thoughts to a 
severer cast than pertained to his years. 

He was born in New York City on November 9, 
1837. His earlier da} 7 s were those of a poor, struggling 
and faithful lad; often he has told, simply and effectively, 
of the trials of that period of his life; leaving home for 
the world he traveled West, coming into this new land 
by the old water way, the canal, paying for his trip in 
labor, studying with a boy s eagerness that which lay 
around him, and full of a boy s hope for what stretched 
before him. At last he reached the Wabash Valley, and 
in one of its flourishing towns in a western county of 
Indiana, and near to the border of this State, he began 
his slow upward climb. 

For years he was engaged in commercial avocation 
which took him to and from Attica, his home, up and 
down the valley and farther to the West. Allured by the 
attractions of Bloomington, he finally settled in that 
city, where he still continued his business; but when the 
war trumpets sounded in 1861, he arranged affairs with 
his partners, and entered the service of the United 
States, as Captain of the First Illinois Cavalry. His 
service was in Missouri, and he shared in the perils and 
disasters of the command under Colonel Mulligan, which 
sustained the siege at Lexington, where he was sur 
rendered as a prisoner of war. 

Following the fashion of the time, the ladies of his 
home city had presented Captain McXulta with a sword. 
This he refused to surrender, saying that he would die 



5<D2 MEMORIALS. 

with it rather than lose it. His wishes were respected 
by the enemy and he was allowed to retain the sword. 
After being paroled he returned home, and when duly 
exchanged he entered the service of the United States 
again as Lieutenant Colonel of the Ninety-fourth Illinois, 
William W. Orme being the Colonel. Upon the pro 
motion of Orme in the year 1863 to be Brigadier 
General, McNulta became Colonel, and so continued 
until the end of the great war came in 1865. He was 
brevetted Brigadier General for gallant and meritorious 
services, particularly those in the neighborhood of Mobile, 
where he maintained an influential command, and had 
much to do with the success of the land operations 
against that famous point. 

He was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic 
and of this Commandery of the Loyal Legion, which he 
joined in 1887, and where we all became familiar with 
his face and form. He was a genial, affectionate, 
splendid friend. A man of generosity, and in civil life 
of great enterprises, from which he drew large rewards. 
He was the receiver of two great railroads, both of 
which he brought by his superior management from a 
condition of bankruptcy to a paying basis. At the time 
of his death he was in charge of a third railway line as 
receiver, which he had managed, and which was also ap 
proaching a successful completion and paying basis. In 
addition to these duties he was the receiver of the 
Whisky Trust, and of the National Bank of Illinois, and 
all of these concerns he managed with consummate 
skill. He had the confidence and affection of the judges 
who appointed him, and of those who supervised his 
trust, General Walter Q. Gresham, formerly Commander 
of this Commandery, and Judge Grosscup were among 
his warmest personal friends. 



MEMORIALS. 503 

In political life General McNulta was a Senator in 
the State of Illinois, and a Member of Congress from the 
Bloomington District, so that his life seemed typically 
American; soldier, lawyer, civilian operator, trustee, and 
political leader. He reached high fame, and accom 
plished enduring and satisfactory results. 

He was an earnest advocate of the administration of 
the Government of his country in the war with Spain 
(and the Philippine prolongation of that war), taking an 
energetic part, especially in the organization of the 
Naval Reserve Corps, whose young men, prepared by 
his activity and vigilance, stood under the flag of their 
country and on the decks of the great navy, and that 
great ship the Oregon, which destroyed the fleet of 
Cervera and helped to make the national name brilliant 
and widely respected. 

He leaves a wife, three sons and a daughter to bewail 
with us the occurrence of the inevitable. All over this 
State and throughout the nation sincere mourners have 
gathered to pay their last and fitting respect to him; and 
going, he bears \vith him to his rest the regard, the 
affection and the esteem of his country. When he fell 
great men and great chieftains sorrowed, and from the 
White House to the humble homes of those whom he 
had assisted, sounded the words of condolence, of 
sympathy and of grief. 

He is a day s march in advance! We tread the same 
highway! We too approach, with lifted heads, the same 
grand portals! The work of our generation is done, and 
it is the greatest in the rounds of time. May the Com 
mander greet us as we pass through, and assign us 
pleasant quarters in the eternal bivouac. 

" The shouting and the tumult dies, 
The captains and the king depart," 



504 MEMORIALS. 

but while liberty endures, we not as individuals, but as 
a vast host will be remembered. 

McNulta, John, General mustered out of the military 
service of the United States, July 17, 1865. Placed on 
the final roll, February 22, 1900. 

JOHN C. BLACK, 
HORATIO L. WAIT, 
JOHN J. HEALY, 

Committee. 




JOSEPH WARREN HARMON. 

/ Yrs/ Lieutenant and Assistant Surgeon I-Ortv-second Ohio Infantry, 
ignited Stales Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, 
March 2Q, 1900. 

3URGEON Joseph Warren Harmon was born in 
Watertown, New York, June 20, 1815. Early in 
the seventeenth century his ancestors founded the 
town of Suffolk, Connecticut. Two of the Harmon family 
were commissioned officers in the War of the Revolution. 
David Harmon, the father of Surgeon Harmon, removed 
to Watertown, and here the boy grew to manhood. 
Here he was educated, and graduated from Black 
River Institute in 1840. In 1845 he graduated from 
the Albany Medical College. After graduation, he at 
tended a course of lectures and clinics at the University 

505 



5O6 MEMORIALS. 

of New York, and began the practice of medicine in 
Rome, New York. In 1848, he removed to Chagrin 
Falls, near Cleveland, Ohio, where he attained eminence 
in his profession, and became widely known as a skillful 
surgeon. He became the family physician of the Garfield 
family, and it was largely through his influence and 
encouraging words that James A. Garfield, then a boy of 
eighteen, began the course of study which opened the 
way to his remarkable career. 

In May, 1861, Mr. Garfield was appointed Colonel of 
the Forty-second Ohio Infantry Volunteers, and, by his 
special request, Dr. Harmon was appointed Assistant 
Surgeon. Later in the year Colonel Garfield was placed 
in command of a brigade and assigned to duty in Eastern 
Kentucky. A general hospital was established in Louisa, 
Kentucky, under his command, and to this Dr. Harmon 
was assigned to duty as Surgeon in charge. To this 
important duty he brought all the resources at his com 
mand, all the energy of his vigorous manhood, all the 
skill and judgment which he had acquired by long expe 
rience. 

It is a matter of common knowledge that during the 
first year of the war the medical department was sadly 
deficient. Many of those commissioned as Surgeons and 
Assistant Surgeons were inexperienced, some were incom 
petent, and not a few were utterly unfit for the places 
they occupied. The new recruits were full of patriotic 
ardor, but many were wofully deficient in sanitary ideas, 
and recklessly jeopardized their health. Change of cli 
mate, mode of life, diet and environment soon made sad 
inroads in regimental ranks, and swelled the hospital 
rolls. Surgeon Harmon quickly appreciated this abnormal 
condition, and sought to neutralize it as far as possible. 
He perceived that the medicine chest and the knife should 



MEMORIALS. 5O7 

be supplemented by attention to sanitary conditions, 
sympathy and cheering words. And so it came to pass 
that this hospital showed the best results of any in the 
department. 

Returning to his regiment in April, 1862, he shared 
its varied fortunes until our forces were compelled to 
abandon Cumberland Gap and retreat to the Ohio River. 
Worn out by active service and hardship he succumbed 
and was sent to the hospital at Gallipolis. After remain 
ing there a month, he was advised that he would be unfit 
for duty for a long time, and he reluctantly resigned his 
commission and joined his family in Chicago. 

He resided in Blue Island till 1890, when he removed 
to Chicago, where he resided with his son, Charles Sum- 
ner Harmon, till he passed away on the 29th day of 
March, 1900, aged eighty-four years. 

Dr. Harmon participated actively in the political 
campaign of 1840, when General William Henry Harrison 
was elected President, and in every Presidential campaign 
since that time. He believed that every American citi 
zen owed a duty to his country in peace as well as in 
war, and this duty he conscientiously discharged. Early 
in life he became thoroughly imbued with the anti-slavery 
sentiment, and gladly shared the obloquy visited upon 
those who had the temerity to love their fellow-men of 
a darker hue then despised as abolition fanatics, but 
since honored as reformers, patriots and philanthropists. 
He was intimately associated with the leaders of the 
movement in Ohio the storm center of which was in 
the Western Reserve which made the names of Chase, 
and Giddings, and Wade, and Birney, and many others, 
immortal. 

In his profession, Dr. Harmon was a close student 
and a careful observer, but he relied more upon the prac- 



5O8 MEMORIALS. 

tical results of observation and experience than upon the 
learned disquisitions and ingenious theories with which 
medical literature abounds; and he came to regard the 
preventive phase of his profession as quite as important 
as its remedial function. During his later years his life 
was one of comparative leisure. He enriched his mind 
by travel, and reading, and gave generously of his time 
and means to philanthropic work. Ambitious only to 
be useful to mankind; living a stainless life; cheerful and 
content in his happy home; rejoicing in genial compan 
ionship and the merry laughter of childhood, he passed 
the evening of his days in gladness. 

A firm believer in the immortal life beyond, he yielded 
willing obedience to the sanctions of religion, ever mindful 
that the service most acceptable to the Father is loyal 
and loving service to His children. For creed or dogma 
he cared little, but with a sublime trust in God echoed 
the devout and comforting words of Whittier: 

" I know not where his islands lift 
Their fronded palms in air; 
I only know I cannot drift 
Beyond His love and care." 

And so, after a life full of well-doing, having seen the 
ripening fruitage of his early hopes, and rejoicing in the 
fruition of his patriotic self-sacrifice, he was suddenly 
summoned to the Eternal Presence, and passed peace 
fully over the dark river and up the shining heights on 
which forever lingers the soft splendor of 

"The light that never was on sea or land," 

where he awaits our tardier footsteps. 

ELIJAH B. SHERMAN, 
THEODORE S. ROGERS, 
WILLIAM L. CADLE, 

Committee. 




GEORGE ELKINS NEWLIN. 

First Lieutenant Third Provisional Pennsylvania Cavalry, United 
Slates Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, April 2, igoo. 

CTIRST LIEUTENANT George Elkins Newlin was 
I* born September 13, 1835, at Highland Township, 
Chester County, Pennsylvania. He was the eldest 
son of Henry Newlin and Louisa Elkins Newlin. By 
descent he was a birthright Quaker. His father and 
grandfather, James Newlin, were for many years promi 
nent in the business affairs of Chester County, the grand 
father being one of the principal millers of the county, 
while the father operated quite extensive paper mills in 
Highland Township, and at the same time conducted 
two stores in Philadelphia, where the product of his 
paper mills was sold. 

509 



5IO MEMORIALS. 

Companion Newlin was educated at the Richard Dar 
lington Seminary in Chester County, from which institu 
tion he graduated in the year 1853. He immediately 
entered the service of his grandfather at the flour mills, 
where he remained until twenty-one years of age. He 
then entered his father s service in the paper mills. At 
twenty-five years of age he was taken into partnership 
by his father, and thereafter both mills and stores were 
successfully conducted under the firm name of Henry 
Newlin & Son up to August 14, 1862, when the junior 
member of the firm, the subject of this memorial, entered 
the military service of his country. 

Companion Newlin, in his application for member 
ship in the Loyal Legion, with characteristic modesty, 
merely gives the dates of his entry into the service and 
his honorable discharge therefrom. Your committee has, 
however, ascertained the larger portion of his real record 
from comrades serving with him during the war. He 
first entered the service as First Lieutenant, Company 
K, One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Pennsylvania Volun 
teer Infantry. 

Lieutenant Newlin was with and sometimes in com 
mand of his company, in the following engagements: 

1862 August 29th, Second Battle of Bull Run; Sep 
tember 1 7th, Battle of Antietam. 

1863 May 2d, Battle of Chancellorsville. 

Shortly after Chancellorsville, the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Pennsylvania Infantry was mustered out 
by reason of expiration of term of service, and Lieutenant 
Newlin was honorably discharged with his company. 

After a short service with the Pennsylvania Militia, 
during the emergency caused by the threatened invasion 
of that State, he re-entered the service for three years or 
during the war, as First Lieutenant of Company A, 



MEMORIALS. 5 I I 

Eighteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, April /, 
1864, and with that regiment, in command of or with 
his company, participated in the following actions: 

1864 June roth, hot engagement at "Old Church 
Tavern," on the road from Richmond to White House. 

June i 5th, the whole brigade, First Brigade, Custer s 
Division (dismounted), against Longstreet s Infantry, 
holding the enemy while our infantry crossed the James 
River on their way to Petersburg. The regiment lost 
heavily in dead and wounded. 

June 23d, drove the Rebels from Weldon Railroad, 
and were in turn driven off until the Sixth Corps came to 
their relief. 

June, July and early August, heavy picket duty in 
front of the left wing of the Army of the Potomac. 

August, regiment sent to Shenandoah Valley. 

August 1 7th, regiment engaged at Winchester. 

August 2Oth, regiment engaged at Summit Station. 
Newlin, with his company, was in the fights at Leetown 
and Charlestown. 

September I9th, Winchester, when "Sheridan sent 
Early whirling up the valley." 

September 2Oth, regiment engaged while in pursuit. 

September 22d, regiment engaged while in pursuit. 

October 6th, regiment repulsed a night attack. 

October I9th, Battle of Cedar Creek. Newlin with 
his company was engaged all day, and participated in the 
brilliant charge which closed the struggle and swept from 
the enemy their guns and trains. This single brigade 
(First Brigade, Third Division, commanded by General 
Custer) is credited with the capture of forty-five pieces 
of artillery. 

November I2th, the regiment was again engaged. In 
this action Newlin with his company was surrounded by 



512 MEMORIALS. 

the enemy, but escaped with most of his command by a 
saber charge through their lines. 

1865 February 28th, Newlin and his company, as a 
part of two battalions of his regiment, went with Sheri 
dan to Waynesboro, Virginia, where they captured the 
remnants of Early s army. The two battalions, with the 
Fifth New York Cavalry, brought back to Winchester 
fifteen hundred prisoners, despite Confederate General 
Rosser s repeated attempts to capture them. 

With the limited time at our disposal, we have been 
unable to further extend Companion Newlin s fighting 
record, or secure the personal incidents of his service. 
To conclude the history of his military career, we quote 
the statement of Mr. J. Andrew Wilt, the present Pro- 
thonotary of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, formerly a 
member of the Eighteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry: 

"He was a good officer, as brave as he was careful 
of the men under him; he was never hasty, but always 
cool and collected, and ready to lead his men when 
necessary to accomplish results. I never had the pleas 
ure of being under his immediate command, but knew 
him as one of the best of the line officers of the regiment." 

Lieutenant Newlin was honorably discharged with his 
company at Cumberland, Maryland, October 31, 1865. 

The lesson of this record to us of the Loyal Legion, 
especially to the younger members, is that we still have 
walking in and out among us, modestly and quietly per 
forming the duties of their appointed stations in life, 
their earlier forms and features hidden under the mask 
of years, men to whom in their youth were given the 
opportunities of heroism. 

On retiring from the army, Companion Newlin en 
tered for a short time the service of the Philadelphia Gas 
Company. He was then made Cashier and Receiver of 



MEMORIALS. 5 I 3 

the Union Traction Street Railway Company, of Phila 
delphia, where he served until the organization of the 
West Chicago Street Railroad Company, in 1886, when 
he was appointed Secretary and Treasurer of that Com 
pany. Since that time he has resided in Chicago and 
has been connected with that company and associate 
corporations in various positions of trust and responsi 
bility. At the time of his decease he was, in connection 
with his other duties, a Director in the Lake Street Ele 
vated Railroad, and also a Director in the North Shore 
and Evanston Street Railroad Company. 

Companion Newlin was married November 7, 1877, 
to Miss Annie Rogers Brewster, of Philadelphia. He 
leaves surviving him his widow and a daughter, Mary 
Brewster Newlin, both now residing in Chicago. He 
belonged to Skerrett Lodge, No. 343, Free and Accepted 
Masons, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

He died April 2, 1900, at Chicago, Illinois. 

The members of your committee have enjoyed close 
business and friendly relations with our departed Com 
panion for many years, and our personal feelings mingle 
with the regret of the Order. We miss a Companion, 
we mourn a friend. 

This was a good man. His prominent characteristic 
was innate, constant, persistent goodness; and while 
greatness may be more spectacular in the sight of men, 
for time and eternity goodness is the better attribute. 
He was a good son, husband, father, brother, friend. 
"A good officer," say his companions in arms, "as brave 
as he was careful of the men under him." Only good 
men can be brave, and only brave men can be good. 
Within his means he gave liberally, and the needy could 
command of him all proper assistance. The winter storm 
was never so severe that he did not visit and comfort the 



514 MEMORIALS. 

afflicted, and the night was never too long to stay his 
ministrations. He was an honest man. Hundreds of 
thousands of dollars passed through his hands annually, 
and he accounted for every cent without supposing he 
was doing anything beyond his ordinary duty. This was 
a good man, pure in thought and language, earnest in 
his life, and withal filled with the true spirit of piety. 

Stricken from life almost in an instant, with but just 
time to realize that the hand of death was upon him, he 
was, nevertheless, given strength to calmly bid farewell 
to wife and daughter, and in audible tones to commend 
his spirit to the Almighty before he passed into the 
Beyond. 

Oftentimes, at some great opera or orchestral per 
formance, when the leader swings his instruments into 
perfect harmony, the air seems filled with music, and the 
audience is enwrapped in melody separate and apart from 
the performers, who seem only to be pouring into the 
musical atmosphere other and additional sweet sounds; 
so the atmosphere surrounding the life and conduct of 
our departed Companion seemed to be saturated with the 
vital and vivifying spirit of beneficence; and, after time 
shall have partially assuaged the acuteness of their pres 
ent grief, with the recollection of his every kindly word 
and deed, waves of love and charity, benevolence and 
sweet thoughts, will sweep over and upon his family, his 
friends, his Companions, and envelop all in a brighter 
hope. 

"It is good to be great, it is GREAT to be good." 
"Requiescat in pace" 

LE GRAND W. PERCE, 
EDWARD A. BLODGETT, 
THEODORE S. ROGERS, 

Committee. 




DAVID PORTER DEARDOFF. 

First Lieutenant Seventy-fourth Indiana Infantry, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, April 77, iqoo. 

l A flilLE engaged in the recreation of preparing his 
**H. lawn for spring s resurrection into new life of blade 
and foliage, our Companion, First Lieutenant David 
Porter Deardoff, suddenly lost consciousness and entered 
into his final rest on the evening of April i/th, at his 
home on Oakenwald avenue, Chicago; his body was 
returned to mother earth at Goshen, Indiana, on April 
19, 1900. 

Companion Deardoff was born in Ashland County, 
Ohio, in January, 1841. When he was four years old 
his parents removed to Indiana and settled on a farm 
near Goshen. He was reared on this farm and attended 

515 



5l6 MEMORIALS. 

the excellent schools of Goshen. He had prepared him 
self for the career of a teacher, having just received his 
teacher s certificate when the troublous days of 1861 
arrived. His keen sense of duty soon convinced him 
that his place was in the ranks of the army to enforce 
obedience to the laws of the country and maintain its 
unity, but he was compelled for a time to listen to the 
earnest pleadings of his mother in opposition. While 
still living at Goshen he at last overcame his mother s 
objections, and enlisted on September 9, 1861, as private 
in Company M, Second Indiana Cavalry Volunteers. He 
served with this regiment in Kentucky and Tennessee, 
and was with it during its march as the advance guard 
of Buell s Army from Nashville to Shiloh, and partici 
pated in the pursuit of Beauregard s Army in his hasty 
retreat from that famous battlefield. 

On July 9, 1862, upon the organization of the Sev 
enty-fourth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, he was 
commissioned as Second Lieutenant of Company E; was 
promoted August 21, 1862, to First Lieutenant, and was 
mustered out as such at Indianapolis, Indiana, in June, 
1865, with his regiment, having served honorably and 
faithfully three years and nine months. 

On May I, 1865, Governor Morton commissioned him 
as Captain, but he was never mustered into the United 
States service under this rank, although performing the 
duties of the office for several months. 

He participated in all the campaigns of the Army of 
the Cumberland from its organization up to and includ 
ing the battle of Chickamauga, where he received a gun 
shot wound through the neck, late on Saturday afternoon, 
September 19, 1863, and was carried from the field, it 
was feared only to die; he however overcame the effects 
of his injury, and we find him a few months after the 



MEMORIALS. 5 I/ 

Chickamauga fight again in the performance of his line 
of duty. 

During 1864 he was kept on detached service most of 
the time, principally on court martial duty, at Nashville, 
as his injuries had seriously affected his ability for field 
service; he rejoined his regiment at Goldsboro, North 
Carolina, April 8, 1865. 

All who knew him are aware that he carried the re 
sults of his wound with him and suffered from it through 
out the years that followed. His impaired voice and 
speech were constant involuntary reminders of the sacri 
fice made by him in defense of his country; and yet this 
was almost the only way in which he ever referred to his 
service. He rarely ever voluntarily alluded to it; boast- 
fulness or ostentation and self-consciousness were un 
known to his retiring and modest nature. 

He came to Chicago in 18/6, where he entered the 
employment of the wholesale dry goods house of Carson, 
Pirie, Scott & Company, with which he remained con 
nected until the day of his death. 

The firm pays the following tribute to his memory: 
" He was with us nearly twenty-five years as a salesman, 
and during the whole time he enjoyed the respect and 
friendship of his employers, his business associates and 
a large number of merchants throughout the country. 
He was a man of high character and always stood for the 
right. He had the interests of his employers thoroughly 
at heart and was zealous and conscientious in their pro 
motion." 

In 1875 Companion Deardoff was joined in marriage 
to Miss Carrie Child, in Goshen, Indiana. There were 
born to them three daughters; Agnes, now Mrs. H. G. 
Bishop, wife of Lieutenant Bishop of the Army, who 
joined her husband in the Philippines, where he is now 



5l8 MEMORIALS. 

serving; Miss Anne Elizabeth and Miss Abigail, who with 
the widow share their bereavement at their home. 

He became a member of the Illinois Commandery of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, on May 13, 1897, his insignia being number 
1 1,886. He was identified with it less than three years, 
but was so very regular in his attendance during this 
period, upon all meetings, that he became one of its 
best known Companions. 

While we, his Companions, deplore the vacancy in 
our ranks, we desire especially to express our sympathy 
to the bereaved widow and daughters in their great loss 
and deep affliction. 

LAFAYETTE MCWILLIAMS, 
CHARLES S. BENTLEY, 
CHARLES E. KOCH, 

Committee. 




JOHN EDWIN HOWARD. 

Captain, Commissary of Subsistence and Brevet Major, United 
States } r olunteers. Died at Chicago, Illinois, April 25, iqoo. 

OUR Companion, John Edwin Howard, was born at 
Brockville, Canada, August 7, 1827, and died at 
Chicago, Illinois, April 25, 1900. He was ap 
pointed Captain and Commissary of Subsistence, United 
States Volunteers, November 26, 1862, at which time 
he was serving in the field as a civilian employe in the 
Quartermaster s Department, and notice of his appoint 
ment did not reach him until February 11, 1863, when 
he accepted, was mustered into the service, and at 
once entered upon the duties of his office. He was 
stationed at various places in Missouri and the Depart 
ment of the Gulf, also saw service in the field, and 

519 



520 MEMORIALS. 

performed every duty entrusted to him with that rare 
fidelity which was one of his distinguished characteristics, 
so that when, August 17, 1865, he was brevetted Major, 
United States Volunteers, "for efficient and meritorious 
services," the recognition was well deserved. He was 
honorably mustered out of service, August 22, 1865. 

Of his life before and since the war, previous to his 
election as a member of this Order, through this Com- 
mandery, June 9, 1892, we know little, beyond the fact 
that he had been blessed with the joys and sorrows of 
married life and fatherhood, had known comparative 
wealth and poverty, and when he came to us was alone 
in the world, save for a few, far distant, loving relatives. 
His trials had not embittered him; he was always bright, 
genial, gentle and courteous, and, to the last, he showed 
indomitable pluck and determination. His life on earth 
ended suddenly, as he had wished it might, and as we 
laid his mortal remains to rest in the beautiful cemetery 
of Graceland on a bright sunny afternoon and strewed 
flowers upon his grave, we felt and believed that he had 
entered into that "peace of God which passeth all 
understanding." 

WILLIAM TODD, 
JOSEPH J. SIDDALL, 
CHARLES T. HOTCHKISS, 

Committee. 




SAMUEL CRAIG PLUMMER. 

Major and Surgeon ThirteenlJi Illinois Infantry, United States 
Volunteers. Died at Rock Island, /llinois, April 2^, igoo, 

OUR late Companion, Dr. Samuel Craig Plummer, 
died at his home in Rock Island, Illinois, on the 
29th day of April, 1900. His health had been 
gradually failing for a year past, although he had been 
able to attend to his professional labor until within a few 
weeks of his death. 

It may be said he died in the fullness of years and 

from sheer exhaustion of physical strength and activity. 

He was in full possession of all his mental faculties, 

and conscious of his surroundings until a very short time 

before his decease. 

The Doctor was born April 10, 1821, at Salem Cross 

521 



522 MEMORIALS. 

Roads, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, and at the 
time of his death was a few days over seventy-nine years 
of age. 

His paternal line of ancestry, in America, extended 
back to one Francis Plummer, who emigrated in 1733 
from England and settled at Newbury, in the then 
Colony, now State of Massachusetts. 

The family name and fame have been well represented 
since in both civil and military affairs of early Colonial 
times, as well as in the Revolutionary era of 1776, and 
the subsequent history of this country. 

The boyhood days of his life were passed in the home of 
his parents John B. and Elizabeth Cray Plummer, where 
he obtained his early education in the common school. 

This elementary instruction was subsequently enlarged 
by an academic course of study in the preparatory de 
partment of the Western Reserve College, Ohio; by a 
careful tuition under Dr. Lacassett, and attendance upon 
medical lectures at Cleveland College, from which insti 
tution he received his diploma. It is said that Dr. 
Plummer was the last survivor of his college class. 

Among the early incidents of his professional career, 
it may be said that he was one of the pioneers of Cali 
fornia in the days of the first gold excitement. He 
crossed the plains in 1850 and returned home by way of 
the Isthmus of Panama in 1851. 

Dr. Plummer was first married on October 17, 1844, 
to Julia Hayes, of Burg Hill, Ohio, who died October 6, 
1872. By this alliance there were born five children- 
three daughters and two sons one, Samuel C. Plummer, 
Jr., a prominent physician and surgeon of Chicago. 

On January 9, 1874, he again married, his second 
union being with Sarah Moor Dawson, of Wilmington, 
Pa., a noble Christian woman who survives him. 



MEMORIALS. 523 

Dr. Plummer left his home in Rock Island, for Spring 
field, April, 1 86 1, and on May 2ist was, by Governor 
Yates, commissioned Surgeon of the Thirteenth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry with the rank of Major. He im 
mediately joined the regiment, then in camp at Dixon. 
He served with such conspicuous ability during the Cam 
paign of the Southwest under General Curtis, and after 
wards in the operation along the Mississippi River, 
culminating in the Campaign and Siege of Vicksburg, 
that he was appointed and served as Medical Director of 
the First Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, on the Staff 
of General Osterhaus, and subsequently was by General 
Sherman promoted to Surgeon of the Fifteenth Corps, 
and in that capacity served until after the battle of Ring- 
gold, Georgia, in November, 1863, when he asked to be 
relieved, joined his regiment and with it was mustered 
out of service on the following June, the term of service 
of the regiment having expired. 

Dr. Plummer was as conspicuous for his cool, daring 
courage as for his ability. A kindlier heart never beat 
within the breast of man. He was the very soul of 
honor, and the affection and esteem in which he was 
held by the soldiers of his regiment amounted almost to 
worship. Many times on the march did he dismount 
from his horse, and after placing in the saddle a footsore 
or sick soldier, would trudge along beside him. His 
companionship was an inspiration and his friendship a 
benediction. 

Having closed his military career he returned to his 
home at Rock Island, where he practiced his profession 
until he answered the final roll call. He was an active 
and honored member of many medical, fraternal and 
military organizations. As a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, his Christian character will linger long in the 



524 MEMORIALS. 

memory of his associates and friends, and his influence 
for good will be felt and appreciated as the years go on. 
The Companions of this Commandery will sadly miss 
his genial and loving presence, and we shall revere him 
as one who was true and loyal to his family, his friends, 
his country and his God. 

To the bereaved wife and children we extend our 
sincere sympathy. 

JOHN D. CRABTREE, 
JAMES G. EVEREST, 
DAVID H. LAW, 

Committee. 










EVERELL FLETCHER DUTTON. 

Lieutenant Colonel One Hundred and Fifth Illinois Infantry and 

Brevet Brigadier General, United States Volunteers. Died at 

Sycamore, Illinois, June 8, 1900. 

I HE life of General Everell F. Dutton may be epito- 
4, mized, that he was born in Sullivan County, New 
Hampshire, and at the age of eight removed with his 
parents to Sycamore, Illinois, where he lived until his 
death. He responded to the first call of President Lin 
coln for volunteers, and entered the service as First 
Lieutenant Company F, Thirteenth Illinois. He after 
wards assisted in raising the One Hundred and Fifth 
Illinois, of which he was Major, and later became Lieu 
tenant Colonel, and was appointed Brevet Brigadier 
General by the President for gallantry and meritorious 
service in the field. 

525 



526 MEMORIALS. 

After the close of the war, he returned to his home 
and was elected County Clerk. In 1877, he was elected 
a member of the General Assembly of the State, and a 
year later, Clerk of the Supreme Court for the Northern 
Grand Division of Illinois. Later, in 1883, he became 
President of the National Bank in his city. He was 
married in 1863 to Miss Rosina A. Payne, of Herkimer 
County, New York. Two sons were born to him, both 
of whom have entered upon a useful career in life. He 
passed away at two o clock in the afternoon, June 8, 
1900, and was laid to his final rest, mid the mourning of 
his wide circle of acquaintances and friends, with appro 
priate honors. 

How poor and inadequate does this brief epitome ap 
pear as a portrayal of the life and character of this noble, 
brave and generous man; yet how shall be recorded the 
generous impulses of his soul the humanity that ever 
characterized him, or the noble, manly and social quali 
ties that won the love and esteem of all who came within 
the circle of his influence. How poor is human language 
to portray the emotions which come with memory of his 
kindly care for his comrades, for the feeble and helpless, 
and the generous impulses which accorded to all men the 
same rights that he demanded for himself. Those under 
his command, and his associates in arms, remember with 
pride his quick appreciation of the duty of the moment, 
his prompt execution of every order, and his ever present 
care for the men of his command, of whatever station 
they might be. 

Space will necessarily prevent entering upon a recital 
of those grand and heroic deeds which marked him as 
born to command, and which inspired confidence and 
courage, in the hour of peril, in every heart. It may be 
said of him, that whether performing the clerical office 



MEMORIALS. 527 

of the positions which he filled, or as a legislator, or as 
a commander, by his strong personality, indomitable 
courage and bearing, the clear perception of duty and 
far-reaching logical conclusions, he won the hearts and 
confidence of an ever-increasing circle of admirers and 
friends. In private life he was just and generous, and 
ever regardful of the rights of others; in public life he 
was punctilious in the discharge of every duty, and 
faithful to every obligation; he was in all affairs a wise 
counsellor and an efficient and trustful friend. 

Once again, one of the bright ones of earth has pushed 
aside the portiere that divides the limitless eternity of the 
past from the no less limitless eternity of the future, and 
left a void in the aching hearts of friends that can never 
be filled this side of eternity. We have gathered around 
the little mound that marks where we have laid him, and 
we know that the snows will come and cover that mound 
with its white mantle, and so fructify the soil that verdure 
shall spring up on it; the birds will carol in the branches 
above his grave, the busy tide of commerce will go on, 
and the tramp of the innumerable caravan of humanity 
will march on, to lay down beside him, but we know 
that he is not there. That which we knew as his proud 
form lies in the sheet that wraps his mouldering clay, 
but he is not there. He stands upon the vantage ground 
where he views the past and the future, clothed upon 
with every kindly word, every generous and heroic deed 
of his life; and oh! how resplendent he is, thus clad, as 
he stands ready to meet and welcome the coming of his 
King and Lord. 

And so we leave him, trusting in that beneficence that 
has said that He marks even the sparrow s fall. And if 
it be, that he who feedeth the hungry, clothes the naked, 
ministers to the sick and those in distress, who performs 



528 MEMORIALS. 

every kindly duty to himself, his country and his kind, 
in the name of the Master, shall hear the welcome plaudit, 
"Well done," we may well believe that this loving, 
humane, affectionate, brave and noble man has entered 
upon a life the fruition of which rests upon the prom 
ises of his God. 

HENRY A. PEARSONS, 
THEODORE S. ROGERS, 
DOUGLAS HAPEMAN, 

Committee. 




MARTIN JAMES RUSSELL. 

//r.sY Lieutenant and Adjutant Twenty-third Illinois Infantry, United 

States I olnnteers. Died at Mackinac Island, 

Michigan, /unc 25, iqoo. 

JUT ARTIN J. RUSSELL was born in Chicago, De- 

| I cember 20, 1845, and his home was always here. 

^^ He died at Mackinac Island, Michigan, whither 

he had gone for rest and to recuperate a constitution 

broken by long continued overwork, June 25, 1900. 

His father was of heroic fibre, and lost his life at the 
post of duty, Captain of a sailing vessel, in a terrible 
storm upon Lake Michigan. His mother, the sister of 
the famous General James A. Mulligan, shared his lofty 
patriotism and undaunted valor, and gave to her son 
amply of these characteristics. 

529 



53O MEMORIALS. 

In the public schools of our city, the widow s son 
availed himself of the opportunity to obtain the begin 
nings of an education which opened wide to his clear 
and strong mind the doors of learning. 

In response to the first call of President Lincoln for 
troops to defend the flag, the patriot Mulligan, in April, 
1861, began in Chicago, the enlistment of the men and 
boys, of Irish descent for the most part, who were will 
ing to give their all, their lives and sacred honor in de 
fense of the land they loved. 

Young Russell, then a mere school boy, accompanied 
his uncle and his " Irish Brigade" to St. Louis, Jefferson 
City and Lexington, and though not then "an enlisted 
man," he yet shared in the duties and privations of the 
Union troops at and during the Siege of Lexington, serv 
ing as a volunteer aid upon the Staff of Colonel Mulligan. 
He was made a prisoner of war, but on the showing that 
his name was not upon the muster rolls, he was released 
and permitted to return to his home. 

The surrender of Lexington after a most heroic de 
fense, which brought to Colonel Mulligan and his com 
mand only the highest commendation and praise, was 
followed by the muster out of the Irish Brigade by order 
of General Fremont. Mulligan, impatient to be again 
in the service, soon obtained from Washington authority 
to recruit a new command, the Twenty-third Illinois 
Volunteers. Companion Russell was made a Second 
Lieutenant in Company A of this regiment. 

The new regiment was ordered to Annapolis, Mary 
land. After a brief stop there, it proceeded to New Creek 
to intercept and prevent General Early s army from en 
tering Petersburgh. It had many brushes with General 
Early and also with Stewart s cavalry. Meantime Lieu 
tenant Russell having been promoted First Lieutenant 



MEMORIALS. 531 

was detached from his company and placed upon the 
Staff of the Colonel. 

To Colonel Mulligan s Brigade was assigned the im 
portant duty to harrass General Lee s army on his retreat 
from Gettysburg. 

To tell of all the service done by the command with 
which Companion Russell was connected during the 
bloody days of 1862, 1863 and 1864, is not needed, and 
to do so would require space too great for this memorial. 
Truer and braver men were not in the army of the Union 
than those in the Brigade of which Russell was Acting 
Assistant Adjutant General. When General Crook moved 
against the army of General Early, Mulligan was in com 
mand of a division. The fighting was constant and severe. 
It culminated at Winchester, when his heroic soul passed 
from the battlefield to Fame s eternal camping ground. " 

Companion Russell remained in the service until Sep 
tember 19, 1864, when he was honorably mustered out. 

Returning to Chicago, he soon became connected 
with journalism, for which he had a remarkable talent. 
He was a leading editorial writer upon the staff of the 
Chicago Times in the days of that paper s greatest 
power and excellence. An intimate editorial associate 
says of him: "He virtually organized the CJiicago 
Herald and left the service of that paper on a point 
of principle. Then he again became connected with 
the Times under the late Carter H. Harrison, Sr. , and 
severed his connection finally with that journal on a 
point of personal honor. As chief writer for the Times, 
he would not allow the controlling power to misrepresent 
his sentiments in regard to a presidential aspirant. Few 
men would have been so punctilious in a matter of im 
personal writing, but such was Martin J. Russell, true to 
principle regardless of all consequences." 



53 2 MEMORIALS. 

From the day of his entrance into the journalistic 
field, he was recognized not only as a writer of unsur 
passed force, clearness and classic elegance of diction, 
but as a high-minded patriotic citizen, who would say no 
word and do no act that was dishonest or insincere. 

He became widely known, and had he desired politi 
cal preferment no question but his popularity was such 
that he might have been chosen for almost any office 
within the gift of the people. One position alone was 
he willing to accept, that of South Park Commissioner, 
to which unsolicited he was appointed as the unanimous 
choice of the Judges of the Circuit Court. For more 
than a decade he gave rare intelligence and persistent 
attention to the highly important duties of this place, 
and it is no exaggeration to say, that no citizen of Chi 
cago contributed more valuable service to the community 
than did he as a member of that Board. A zealous mem 
ber of the Democratic organization, he would brook no 
effort to use the money or the servants of the public to 
promote a partisan end. So valuable was his service, 
that it was only because of his resignation of the place 
upon his appointment by President Cleveland to be Col 
lector of the Port of Chicago (which rendered him legally 
disqualified to continue a Park Commissioner), that the 
Judges reluctantly appointed another in his place. 

The Collector of the Port of Chicago has always been 
deemed in an especial manner, the personal representa 
tive of the President. Such was Companion Russell, 
the personal friend and official representative of President 
Cleveland. It is safe to say that no important action 
was taken by President Cleveland in the West, and espe 
cially in Chicago, except after a full and ample conference 
with his Collector of the Port. Neither the Chief Execu 
tive, nor the country, ever had cause to regret this close 



MEMORIALS. 533 

intimacy, trust and confidence on the one side, wisdom 
and fidelity on the other. 

He was genial and lovable by nature, and no man 
who came within the charm of his personal influence 
could fail to become an admirer and friend. He pos 
sessed a rare and pleasing humor, a gift in conversation 
which made him as easily the center of every circle in 
which he found himself as was Dr. Johnson himself, 
whom in some of the latter s more admirable aspects he 
resembled. 

In 1873, he married Miss Cecilia C. Walsh of this 
city, "an event that crowned his active and honorable 
life with the blossoms of perfect domestic happiness." 
His wife and nine children, James C. (now a member of 
the First Class in Succession in this Order), Katherine, 
Martin C. , Louis, Genie, Irene, William Arnberg, Ruth 
and Cecilia, survive him, and as has been well said: 
"have in his bright career and honored memory heir 
looms more precious than material gems." 

A consistent and devout member of the Roman Cath 
olic Church, he gave friendship and respect to all whose 
lives were upright and clean of whatever faith, or of none. 

To his widow, our sister, and to his children, whose 
happiness and growth into usefulness and honor shall 
ever be of concern to the members of this Military Order, 
in which he was proud to claim membership, we tender 
the sympathy of men who shared with him a soldier s life 
and patriot service, who loved and honored him, and 
who now await with resignation the hour which shall 
summon them to join "the innumerable caravan" of 
comrades and companions gone before. 

RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 
MICHAEL W. PHALEN, 
JOHN J. AHERCKOMBIE, 

Committee. 




JOHN MASON LOOM1S. 

Colonel Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, Illinois, August 2, 1900. 



^TOHN MASON LOOMIS was born January 5, 1825, 

at Windsor, Connecticut, He was descended from 

an old English family, of which Joseph Loomis, of 

Braintree, Essex County, England, was the first to come 

to America, on July 17, 1638, settling in Boston. After 

wards, in 1640, he purchased a large tract of land in 

Windsor, Connecticut, which has remained ever since in 

the Loomis family. 

The parents of our late Companion were James 
Loomis, a native of Windsor, and Abigail Sherwood 
Chaffee Loomis, of Greenfield Hill, Fairfield County, 
Connecticut. James Loomis was a merchant and mill 

534 



MEMORIALS. 535 

owner, who, being a public spirited and patriotic man, 
of military aptitude and skill, served for many years as 
Colonel in the First Regiment of Connecticut State 
Guards. He named his son, John Mason, after a famous 
officer of the Colonial forces, distinguished for gallantry 
during the French and Indian War. 

As a youth our Companion received a thorough 
academic education and such a business training as was 
natural in a thrifty and industrious family. He inherited 
all the martial spirit of his ancestry, and took so active 
a part in the military affairs of his locality that he 
attained the rank of Captain in the State Militia at the 
age of eighteen. He then applied for a position in the 
United States Navy and received a warrant as Midship 
man, but opportunities for active service were so rare 
then that he awaited orders until further delay seemed 
useless. Being desirous of seeingsomethingof the world 
he went to sea in the ship "Huntress," a merchant 
vessel engaged in the East India trade, visiting China, 
the Philippines and other countries. On his return he 
came to Chicago in 1845, then he went to Milwaukee, 
where he engaged in the lumber business with M. W. 
Clark & Co. 

He was married in 1849, to Miss Mary Hunt, daughter 
of Milo Hunt, of Sherburne, Chenango County, New 
York. He leaves her now surviving him as his sorrow 
ing widow. 

In 1852 he transferred the main portion of the lumber 
business to Chicago, establishing it under the firm name 
of Loomis & Ludington at the corner of Madison and 
Market streets. He also maintained a branch thereof 
at Twelfth street bridge. 

Soon after settling in Chicago Mr. Loomis began to 
take an active interest in the organization of the Chicago 



536 MEMORIALS. 

Light Guard, which became a very popular and efficient 
military body, of which he was elected an officer. At 
the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion he clearly 
foresaw that a serious conflict was inevitable, and there 
fore promptly exerted himself in raising a regiment of 
carefully selected men. He was so successful in this 
that it was quickly filled up. Owing to his proficiency 
in military science he was tendered the command of this 
fine body of men, which he promptly accepted, and they 
were mustered into the service of the United States as 
the Twenty-sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, on August 
i, 1861. 

Colonel Loornis thereupon bade farewell to his 
prosperous business and comfortable home, entering 
upon the arduous campaign which he clearly saw before 
him, with all the earnestness of true patriotism. His 
varied experiences had given him a keen knowledge of 
men; his technical skill and indomitable personal courage 
had in other respects so well fitted him for the under 
taking that it soon became manifest that he was a born 
leader, quite equal to all the emergencies of warfare. 
His command quickly became animated with the spirit 
of the leader, so that the war record of the regiment 
became most honorable and brilliant. It participated 
in fifty-seven battles or skirmishes, and the marches 
made during the three years of its service amounted to 
over sixty-nine hundred miles. 

When the regiment returned to Springfield, Illinois, 
for re-enlistment, it was most enthusiastically received, 
and Governor Richard Yates then said: 

"When I selected Colonel Loomis as the command 
ing officer of the regiment, it was not because he had 
raised it. I selected him because of his ability to com 
mand, for his military talent, and for his devotion to his 



MEMORIALS. 537 

country; and I was not mistaken in the man. He has 
proved equal to the emergency. The names of New 
Madrid, of Island Number Ten, of luka, Corinth, Farming- 
ton, Vicksburg, Jackson, Tunnel Hill, and Chattanooga, 
which are inscribed upon its battle-scarred flags, and 
upon those fields which its valor won, afford ample 
evidence of the valuable service which was performed 
there. We have watched you through long and tedious 
marches, through sufferings and trials. In that memorable 
battle of Tunnel Hill we saw you march undismayed at 
the head of the army and receive for your valor the praise 
of your commanding generals, Grant and Sherman." 

His fitness for leadership, and his executive ability 
must have been quickly discerned by his superior officers, 
for it appears that during his service in the field he was 
most of the time either acting with his regiment as an 
independent command or was in command of a brigade 
or a division. He served in the Second Division, Army 
of the Mississippi; Second Division, Thirteenth Army 
Corps; First Division, Sixteenth Army Corps; Fourth 
Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee. 

With the Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry Volunteers 
he exercised an independent command in Northern 
Missouri in the year 1861, and until February, 1862. 

Commanded the First Brigade, Second Division, 
Army of the Mississippi, in 1862. 

Commanded the Second Brigade, Second Division, 
Thirteenth Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, in 1862. 

Commanded the First Brigade, First Division, Six 
teenth Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, in 1863. 

Commanded the First Division, Sixteenth Army 
Corps, Army of the Tennessee, in 1863. 

Commanded the First Brigade, Fourth Division, Fif 
teenth Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, 1863, 1864. 



53$ MEMORIALS. 

Commanded a Division composed of Colonel Burch- 
beck s Brigade, Eleventh Army Corps, Army of the 
Potomac, and his own First Brigade, Fourth Division, 
Fifteenth Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, at 
Chattanooga, and on the right in General W. T. Sher 
man s attack on Missionary Ridge. 

Commanded the rear guard of the Thirteenth Army 
Corps, Army of the Tennessee, December, 1 862, to January, 
1863, from Oxford, Mississippi, to LaGrange, Tennessee. 

He participated in the engagements at New Madrid, 
Point Pleasant, Farmington, Vicksburg, Mission Ridge, 
Holly Springs, Mississippi, Island Number Ten, Siege of 
Corinth, Smith s Farm, Jackson, Relief of Knoxville, 
LaGrange, Tennessee. 

Was Commandant of Post at Oxford, Mississippi. 

He was recommended for promotion to Brigadier 
General by General U. S. Grant, in December, 1862; 
by General W. T. Sherman in December, 1863, and 
again by General U. S. Grant, in April, 1864. 

For some unexplained reason, to the regret of his 
many friends, he never received the promotion, to which 
he was justly entitled. 

In the 5Y. Louis Globe Democrat there recently 
appeared a notice of General H. V. Boynton s address 
to the Army and Navy Club, concerning the Chatta 
nooga Campaign, which stated that: 

"The audience embraced distinguished ex-Con 
federates as well as ex-Union officers, together with 
many officers of the regular army. General Roger Q. 
Mills of Texas was one of the ex-Confederates present. 
His brigade was one of the three or four which Cleburne 
marched to the northern end of Missionary Ridge and 
successfully pitted against Sherman in the hard fighting 
for possession of Tunnel Hill. 



MEMORIALS. 539 

4 When General Boynton had concluded his talk Gen 
eral Mills showed on the map where his brigade had 
fought. 

" There was an incident, he said, connected with 
that battle which I recollect very distinctly. I am not 
able to tell it all, and perhaps some one here can com 
plete the story with the name of the officer. Down be 
low where we lay on Tunnel Hill was a large open field. 
Beyond that were some woods. A Federal brigade came 
through the woods and out into the open field. There 
the troops re-formed their lines. The officer in com 
mand was perfectly cool. He took his time, and the 
troops formed as if they were on dress parade. They 
were within easy range and we fired into them. They 
broke and went back into the woods. In a few minutes 
they came back and formed again in the same deliberate 
way. When the officer in command had got them formed 
to suit him, he made them lie down, while he rode up and 
down the front, as if waiting for orders. General Hardee 
came up to my brigade while we were firing on them and 
said: Stop shooting at those men. It s murder. 

" We stopped. Some time afterward I talked with 
McDowell about Hardee s order, and asked him what he 
thought of the situation. He said: It was not murder; 
it was war. 

" Hardee was an officer of the regular army; he had 
fought under the flag, and I suppose he couldn t stand 
seeing it fired on when carried by such brave men. The 
way that brigade and its commander acted under fire 
impressed me, and I have often wondered who the 
officer was. 

" One of the officers present was able to tell to whom 
General Mills s tribute of bravery applied. He was Gen 
eral Carman. After a careful examination of the map 



54 MEMORIALS. 

General Carman decided that the brigade was that of 
General John M. Loomis, composed of the Twenty-sixth 
and Nineteenth Illinois and the Twelfth and One Hun 
dredth Indiana." 

Colonel Loomis resigned from the service April 30, 
1864, having so greatly overtaxed his powers of endur 
ance that it became imprudent for him to continue longer 
in the field. 

Upon the return to civil life after the hardships and 
dangers of his war service, Colonel Loomis displayed in 
a vigorous manner the same courage and skill that had 
made him conspicuous in the field. He found that his 
former prosperous trade facilities had disappeared, and 
that his old home had been destroyed by fire. He 
immediately resumed the lumber business, but being 
without any capital he had to commence at the begin 
ning. By his diligence and good judgment he gradually 
built up a trade that became so profitable as to make 
him quite independent. 

He acquired an interest in extensive pine lands near 
Manistee and Ludington, Michigan, which, being wisely 
developed and their products marketed with good judg 
ment, afforded very large returns. The Pere Marquette 
Lumber Company was organized by him to carry on 
this branch of the business, and he remained its Presi 
dent to the time of his death. The sale of the lumber 
in Chicago was managed by Colonel Loomis and his 
friend of the war period, John McLaren, under the firm 
name of John Mason Loomis & Company, up to 1885, 
when Colonel Loomis withdrew from the active business 
of the firm. For over forty years he had been a leading 
figure in this branch of industry, and no man therein had 
a higher reputation or was more universally respected. 

Colonel Loomis, though shrewd and thrifty, was a 



MEMORIALS. 541 

man of generous nature, ever ready to respond to the 
calls of charity, and cheerfully gave of his means and 
time to aid the deserving, or his friends among the old 
soldiers in their hours of need. 

After the great conflagration in 1871, the work of the 
Chicago Relief and Aid Society became of great import 
ance and assumed vast proportions. Colonel Loomis en 
tered into this with the same zeal and masterly adminis 
trative powers that he had shown in war and in business. 
He gave his time and his means freely to this great work 
during the time when the utmost energy and discretion 
were necessary to distribute properly the lavish aid which 
was contributed from all sources to the stricken com 
munity. As one of the officers of this great charity he 
rendered such efficient services that they were made the 
subject of especial commendatory resolutions. 

The desire of Colonel Loomis so to order his affairs 
as to be of the most use to his fellow men, and his good 
judgment in the method of accomplishing this result, is 
shown clearly in the disposition of his estate. 

His widow receives the income thereof during her 
life, after which the entire property over one million 
dollars in value is to go toward the maintaining of the 
Loomis Institute at his old home, Windsor, Connecticut, 
which, as stated by Colonel Loomis, is to be "A shrine 
from which boys and girls shall take the highest inspira 
tions for better and grander lives from the best of their 
race who have gone before, and like them, ever keeping 
the banner of human progress, honor and manhood to 
the front." 

It would seem probable that if the beneficiaries of the 
Institute do this with the fidelity displayed by the gener 
ous donor, that the munificent bequest will not have 
been made in vain. 



542 MEMORIALS. 

Colonel Loomis never lost his interest in military 
affairs. He rendered efficient services to the State Mili 
tia, raising large sums of money therefor when it was in 
need. He always maintained the most cordial relations 
with the officers of the regular service, and was instru 
mental in the organization of the Illinois Commandery 
of the Loyal Legion, being one of the charter members, 
having been elected for that purpose by the Pennsylvania 
Commandery, in 1876. He was Vice-Commander from 
1880 to 1883, and succeeded General P. H. Sheridan as 
Commander in 1884. 

He was a Comrade of George H. Thomas Post No. 5, 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. He was a man of 
deep religious convictions, and was a member of Grace 
Episcopal Church, Chicago. 

He was prominent in club circles, being a member of 
the Chicago, Calumet, Union, Washington Park, and 
Onwentsia Clubs, and in all respects performed the duties 
of a good citizen with the fidelity which had ever char 
acterized his acts during a long, active and eventful life. 

JOHN MCLAREN, 
EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 
HORATIO L. WAIT, 

Committee 




PETER GUY GARDNER. 

First Lieutenant Fifteenth Ohio Infantry, United Slates I oluntecrs. 
Died at Lake Villa, Illinois, August j, igoo. 

OETER GUY GARDNER was born in Dresden, Ohio, 

f]T 1842; was the second of four children of Adam and 

* Elizabeth Gardner, and was brought up near the 

family homestead, serving an apprenticeship to a farmer 

in that locality. 

Companion Gardner s mother died when he was but 
four years of age, and his father joined an Ohio regiment 
for service in the Mexican War. At the age of fifteen 
young Gardner left the farmer s service and during the 
summer seasons worked as a farm hand. He spent the 
money so earned in attending school during the winter 
months. 

543 



544 MEMORIALS. 

April 17, 1 86 1, at President Lincoln s first call for 
troops, he enlisted as a private in Company A, Fifteenth 
Ohio Infantry, for three months service. At the expi 
ration of that time he re-enlisted in the same company 
and regiment for three years; was appointed Corporal 
March 7, 1862; Sergeant, January i, 1864; First Sergeant, 
January 1 6, 1864; First Lieutenant, February 2, 1865. 

Companion Gardner went through the entire cam 
paign, from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and participated in 
the engagements at Phillipi, Carrick s Ford, Cheat Moun 
tain, Shiloh, Liberty Gap, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, 
Resaca, Peach Tree Creek, Kenesaw Mountain, Chatta- 
hoochee River and the Siege of Atlanta. In June, 1865, 
he was sent to Western Texas, where he remained until 
the close of the war. He received no serious wounds, 
but the sword which he leaves as a badge of honor and 
which has hung in his house since the close of the war, 
bears the imprint of a piece of shell which struck it while 
in his hand. After the war Companion Gardner spent a 
short time visiting his relatives at the old home, and then 
removed to Clinton, Iowa, where he engaged in the in 
surance business. In 1869 he removed to Chicago, mak 
ing the suburban town of La Grange his home, and con 
tinued in the same business up to the time of his death, 
which occurred August 5, 1900, at Crooked Lake, near 
Lake Villa, Illinois, where he was accidentally drowned 
while bathing. 

In June, 1869, he married Miss Maroa E. Conklin, of 
Darien, Wisconsin, who died in 1873, leaving one son, 
Charles A., who died in 1896, while seeking health in 
California. In October, 1874, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Luella Humphrey, of Chicago, and to them were 
born five children, three of whom died in infancy. The 
first, William R., a young man of much promise, died at 



MEMORIALS. 545 

the age of sixteen; Eugene, the youngest, now eighteen 
years of age, and the widow, remain to mourn the loss 
of a kind, indulgent father and husband. 

Companion Gardner always took great interest in 
civic societies, and especially with organizations growing 
out of war comradeship. In the Grand Army of the Re 
public and Loyal Legion, he was always a worker, and 
much of his spare time was devoted to the welfare of his 
comrades. He organized Hiram McClintock Post, No. 
667, of La Grange, Illinois, and was its Commander sev 
eral times, being its Chaplain at the time of his death. 
He became a member of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States, November 13, 1890, his In 
signia Number being 8,293. He was very regular in his 
attendance. Companion Gardner was a member of the 
first Council of the Village of La Grange in 1880, and in 
1 88 1 and for several terms officiated as President of the 
Board. From 1890 to 1896 he served as President of 
the Township High School Board. For sixteen years he 
was a Town Trustee. 

THEODORE S. ROGERS, 
WILLIAM J. HEMSTREET, 
WILLIAM L. CABLE, 

Committee. 




EDWARD ROOT PRICE. 

Sergeant Xinth Illinois Cavalry, United States Volunteers, 
at Chicago, Illinois, August 5, iqoo. 



Died 



r^DWARD ROOT PRICE was born in Brattleboro, 
Vermont, November 5, 1843, of Puritan and Rev- 
^^"^ olutionary ancestry, and closed his life-work in this 
city August 5, 1900. At the age of thirteen he came 
West with his parents and settled in Chicago, which 
place was his home almost continuously until he died. 
He attended the public schools and at the commence 
ment of the Civil War he was a pupil at the High School 
in this city. In 1861 his father, Samuel Harrison Price, 
responded to the call of his country, and enlisted in the 
Ninth Illinois Cavalry, and was appointed Regimental 
Quartermaster. His son, the subject of this sketch, 

546 



MEMORIALS. 547 

filled with the patriotic enthusiasm of youth, imitated 
the example of his father, left school to face the dangers 
of the battlefield and enlisted as a private in Company 
A in the same regiment. After being mustered in, the 
regiment was detained at Camp Douglas for several 
months until ordered South. In the meantime measles 
became epidemic in the camp, and this together with 
army privations filled the hospitals, and Price was among 
the number compelled to succumb to the disease. This 
experience seems to have undermined his health for all 
the future years. At last the regiment was ordered 
South and there was great rejoicing among the soldiers, 
as they hoped to see actual service upon the battlefield. 
However, they were stationed at Helena, Arkansas, under 
the command of Colonel Brackett for many months and 
though they took part in no important engagements they 
had many skirmishes with the enemy. Being stationed 
as they were in the swampy regions of Arkansas, many 
of the regiment again fell ill, and Mr. Price became so 
filled with malarial poison that he was sent North on a 
furlough. His father also being very sick came with 
him, and died a week after his arrival in the city. The 
son returned to his post, but his health was so shattered 
that he was finally discharged February 16, 1863, as 
Sergeant of Company L, Ninth Illinois Cavalry. 

Some months after, he entered business life and 
enjoyed its activities until 1890, when failing health 
compelled his retirement. He was elected an Original 
Companion of the First Class of the Order, through the 
Commandery of the State of Illinois, October 9, 1890, 
and so far as his health permitted was a constant attend 
ant at its meetings and devoted to its interests. 

He was a devoted son, a faithful husband, a loving 
and tender father, a brave and patriotic citizen. Thus 



MEMORIALS. 

again we have been called upon to mourn the loss of one 
who though not prominent in army life, nor engaged 
actively on the battlefield, was still filled with patriotism 
that enabled him to do his work well wherever duty called. 

JOHN W. STREETER, 
HORACE H. THOMAS, 
HOLMES HOGE, 

Committee, 




EDWARD MCALLISTER. 

Captain First Illinois Liglit Artillery, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Plainfield } Illinois, August 2j, igoo. 

CDWARD MCALLISTER was born in Salem, Wash 
ington County, New York, on December 24, 1828, 
^"* and died in Plainfield, Will County, Illinois, on 
August 25, 1900, in the seventy-second year of his age. 
His early years were passed in the home of his birth, and 
his education was almost wholly acquired in Washington 
Academy, which institution was founded in the lifetime 
of his grandfather, and to whom its inception and build 
ing were largely due. 

At the age of twenty-four the deceased came to Illi 
nois, bought a farm about three miles from Plainfield, 
upon which he made his home during life. He was de 
voted to his farming interests, and had expended a large 

549 



55 MEMORIALS. 

sum of money in tilling and otherwise improving the raw 
prairie soil. The farm eventually proved to be one of 
the best dairy farms in the State, and the revenue was 
sufficiently large to grant its owner a competency but 
not without his constant care and attention. He was 
daily devoted to his work, until about one year before 
his death, when heart trouble forced him to desist. 

Politically he was a Republican, and an earnest one, 
frequently heading the delegations from his town; but it 
was with him a devotion to principle, and not for political 
preferment. He never sought and never held a political 
office for profit. 

As Captain Ed. McAllister, -the soldier, his career was 
notable. He served as commanding officer of a com 
pany of State Militia at the outbreak of the Civil War, 
which company, on April 21, 1861, was called into active 
service by the old War Governor, Richard Yates. This 
company was dispatched to Cairo, Illinois, where it was 
mustered into the United States service as Company K, 
Tenth Illinois Infantry. 

On September ist following, it was transferred to and 
became part of the First Illinois Artillery, but was gen 
erally known and officially recognized as "McAllister s 
Battery," in honor of its brave commander. The com 
pany enlisted at first in the three months service, but 
most of its members re-enlisted for the war, and made 
the nucleus of the organization that fought gallantly and 
left an enduring record in history. Its first active en 
gagement was at Fort Henry, the battery, by direction 
of General Prentiss, having remained in Fort Holt, Ken 
tucky, in charge of the fortifications, until immediately 
preceding that battle. From henceforward this battery 
was part of the Army of the Tennessee, and participated 
in all of its more memorable engagements. 



MEMORIALS. 551 

McAllister s Battery was the first Union battery to 
enter Fort Henry, and its Captain was placed in com 
mand of that fort. At Fort Donelson this battery was 
the first to open its guns against the Confederate strong 
hold, which action, having been taken without orders, at 
first caused consternation; but it woke the Union soldiers 
from their slumbers and the general engagement soon 
followed. All the guns of this battery were during the 
battle disabled, but were replaced by new brass ones in 
time to participate on the Shiloh field. 

Having erected his battery at Shiloh at the edge of 
a clearing, from which point it fought and silenced Stan 
ford s Mississippi Battery, Captain McAllister noticed 
the columns of the Fourth (Confederate) Tennessee ap 
proaching. Dividing his battery, with three guns with 
drawn somewhat to the rear, he opened one gun upon 
the enemy with canister, killing thirty-one and disabling 
one hundred and sixty men. This record for severe re 
sults was not surpassed, if equalled, during the war. 

Shortly after Shiloh, the hardships and privations of 
military life proved too much, even for the rugged and 
hardy constitution of the farmer-soldier, and succumbing 
to severe illness he was compelled to resign^ his commis 
sion. 

Edward McAllister was married in 1860, just prior to 
the opening of the war, to Miss Fanny M. Beebe, a native 
also of Salem, New York. Five children were born to 
them, of whom four are living, all, save one son, being 
married. His widow also survives him. The late Wil 
liam K. McAllister, of Chicago, most eminent in the legal 
profession, at one time Judge of the old Recorder s Court, 
and from 1870 to 1872 on the Supreme Bench of Illinois, 
was a brother of the deceased. 

Captain Edward McAllister was an honored example 



552 MEMORIALS. 

of Illinois s best citizenship, honorable and upright, a 
loyal neighbor, a true husband, a tender father and a 
faithful friend. He was a member of Plainneld Lodge, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of Joliet Chapter 
Royal Arch Masons, the Loyal Legion, Bartleson Post 
Grand Army of the Republic, and of the Society of the 
Army of the Tennessee. 

UZIAH MACK, 
JAMES G. ELWOOD, 
MATTHEW W. BORLAND, 

Committee, 




ARTHUR ARNOLD SMITH. 

Colonel Eighty-third Illinois Infantry and Brevet Brigadier Genera/, 

L filled Stales Volunteers. Died al Alanitou, Colorado, 

September 21, iqoo. 

ARTHUR ARNOLD SMITH was the son of Erastus 
f\ and Martha (Hulick) Smith, was born in Batavia, 
^* Clermont County, Ohio, on May 29, 1829, and died 
at Manitou, Colorado, September 21, 1900. The family 
came to Illinois in the Fall of 1840 and settled in Knox 
County. Arthur attended school and performed farm 
work. He made the best of his early advantages. In 
1848 he entered the Preparatory Department of Knox 
College and graduated from the College with high honors 
in 1853. 

He at once entered upon the study of law, under the 
instruction of Abraham Becker, an attorney of Otsego 

553 



554 MEMORIALS. 

County, New York, and a year later he entered the office 
of Honorable Julias Manning at Peoria, where his legal 
studies were completed. He was admitted to practice 
in 1855 and opened his first office in Galesburg, Illinois, 
where he continued to practice until the breaking out of 
the Civil War. 

With General A. C. Harding of Monmouth, Illinois, 
he organized the Eighty-third Regiment Illinois Volun 
teers; General Harding. being elected Colonel and Judge 
Smith Lieutenant Colonel. The regiment was mustered 
in at Monmouth, August 21, 1862, and was immediately 
ordered to Forts Henry and Donelson. On February 3, 
1863, the Confederate Generals Forrest, Wheeler and 
Wharton made an attack on the Eighty-third Illinois 
Volunteers, a company of the Fifth Iowa Cavalry and a 
section of the guns of Flood s Battery C, Second Illinois 
Artillery. Colonel Harding commanded the post and 
Colonel Smith the regiment. The Confederates sur 
rounded Fort Donelson and demanded its surrender. 
The garrison stubbornly refused and the battle raged all 
day, and at nightfall the enemy was forced to retreat. 
Colonel Smith received high commendation for his part 
in this successful engagement. He was finally assigned 
to the command of the District of Tennessee with head 
quarters at Clarksville, a position he held until the close 
of the war, when, in 1865, he was mustered out with the 
brevet rank of Brigadier General. 

With these well-earned honors, General Smith re 
turned to his home in Galesburg, but soon thereafter 
left for Clarksville, Tennessee, on a business venture 
withW. A. Peffer, afterwards United States Senator from 
Kansas. He left Clarksville in 1866 owing to the ani 
mosity towards Northerners and resumed the practice of 
law at Galesburg. In 1867 Governor Oglesby appointed 



MEMORIALS. 555 

him Circuit Judge to fill an unexpired term, and in June 
of the same year he was elected to this position, and for 
five consecutive terms he received the almost unanimous 
suffrage of the people for that office, and for twenty-nine 
years held court in most of the counties of the old Mili 
tary Tract. Two years before the expiration of his last 
term he resigned because of ill health. 

His record on the bench was of the highest distinction. 
He excelled as a chancery lawyer, where his decisions 
were least hampered by technical rules. While of a 
marked social and friendly disposition, he had the power 
in a most extraordinary degree absolutely to divorce 
himself on the bench from all personal influences and to 
look solely to the matter of doing exact and impartial 
justice. Both the attorneys and the people had the 
utmost confidence in his ability and integrity. He was 
a thorough and comprehensive student of the law, and 
when he retired it was with the esteem of all citizens 
without regard to party. 

As a citizen General Smith was a man of broad views. 
His life was beyond reproach; in his personal demeanor 
towards his fellow-men he was kind and forbearing. He 
was an attendant on the Congregational church. In 
politics he was a Republican, serving in 1861 as a mem 
ber of the Illinois Legislature. He was a member of the 
Commandery of the State of Illinois, Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion of the United States, of Post 45 Grand 
Army of the Republic, and the Union Veteran Union, 
and a Trustee of Knox College. To all the varied duties 
of his life, General Smith brought ability, integrity and 
patriotism. C. E. LANSTRUM, 

NELS NELSON, 
PHILIP SIDNEY POST, 

Committee. 




JOSEPH HOOKER WOOD. 

First Lieutenant SixtJi Cavalry and Brci ct Captain, United States 

Army, Lieittenant Colonel Second Nen York Mounted Rifles, 

United States Volunteers Died at Chicago, Illinois, 

September 21, iqoo. 

eJDNEL WOOD was born June 3, 1838, in Water- 
town, New York. His army record commences 
with his enlistment, February 20, 1863, as private in 
Second Regiment, United States Cavalry, for the term 
of three years. On the 25th of February, 1863, he was 
appointed Second Lieutenant, Fifth United States Cav 
alry, at Washington, D. C. , and was brevetted First Lieu 
tenant for gallant services at the battle of Gettysburg. 
He was severely wounded at Gettysburg, was captured, 
paroled and cared for at the house of Captain Swoop 
near Gettysburg. Was brevetted Captain, United 

556 



MEMORIALS. 557 

States Army, July 28, 1864, for gallant and meritorious 
services. 

While still maintaining rank in the United States 
Army he was commissioned as Major of the Fifteenth 
New York Cavalry to date from September 16, 1863, and 
served in the First, Second and Third Divisions, Cavalry 
Corps, Army of the Potomac. He took part in the follow 
ing battles and campaigns: Kelly s Ford, Virginia: part 
of Stoneman s Raid, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, 
Aldie, Middlesburg, Uppersville, Gettysburg, Bad Lands, 
Takahokuta Mountains and the closing battles of the war 
in Virginia. Was commissioned Colonel Second New 
York Mounted Rifles, March 13, 1865, but not mustered 
on account of reduced size of regiment. Was commis 
sioned Lieutenant Colonel Second New York Mounted 
Rifles to date from March 13, 1865, and commanded the 
regiment until it was mustered out at Fort Porter, Buffalo, 
New York, August 10, 1865. He resigned from the regu 
lar army May 7, 1867, honorably discharged. 

Thus for seventeen years our Companion has been 
with us, going in and out among us, closely and lovingly 
observed, drawing us near to him by his modesty, his 
earnestness, his fraternity, and his steadfast discharge of 
the varied duties of civil life. 

During all of that time fraternity was \vith him a liv 
ing and ruling sentiment, and no man made appeal to 
him in vain in that sacred name if his circumstances and 
situation allowed him to answer the call. 

He was elected an Original Companion of the First 
Class of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, through the Commandery of the State of 
Illinois, April 4, 1883, and was one of its most valued 
members. 



MEMORIALS. 

He was a charter member of the "Western Society 
of the Army of the Potomac" and one of its most active 
members, being President of the Society during the 
year 1894. 

He was a member and Director of the Memorial Hall 
Association of this city; very constant in his attend 
ance, and zealous in promoting the welfare of that Asso 
ciation. 

For many years he had been a member of George H. 
Thomas Post No. 5, of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and it was as a member of the Grand Army of the Re 
public that his great labors of the last year were per 
formed. 

Having become identified with the movement to 
locate the National Encampment here, he gave himself 
up, body and heart, to making that Encampment suc 
cessful in every particular. He worked night and day to 
accomplish this purpose. 

On the evening of the 2ist of September he sat at 
his home in pleasant converse with his wife and then he 
lay down to rest. 

Shortly before midnight the wife, alarmed by his 
silence, addressed herself to him in affectionate alarm; 
she found that he was not able to respond to her cry; 
death stood at his bedside and called the stout-hearted 
soldier to arise and depart; just as the new day was en 
tering the portals of time, Joseph Hooker Wood joined 
the majority. 

He rests well; his widow, his daughters, his son, his 
companions, will long remember him, and cherish ten 
der recollections of his brave life for his country, his 
brave battles in his days of soldiery, his no less earnest 
struggle in the days of peace. 

We mourn him; we sorrow for those who remain, 



MEMORIALS. 559 

and we pray God that his mercy, which endureth forever, 

may reach him and us. 

JOHN C. BLACK, 

JOHN F. WEARE, 
BRADLEY DEAN, 

Committee. 




MARCELLUS EPHRAIM JONES. 

Captain Eiglith Illinois Cai ah v, Unittd States Volunteers. Died at 
ll heaton, Illinois, Octobei- g, iqoo 

ej PAX ION Marcellus Ephraim Jones was born at 
Poultney, Vermont, June 5, 1830, and died at 
Wheaton, Illinois, October 9, 1900. He was the oldest 
of nine children, three of whom with his mother, now 
over ninety years of age, survive him. 

He remained at home until he was seventeen years of 
age, when he started for the West, stopping for nearly 
two years in Western New York and then in Ohio. In 
1850 he reached Chicago and engaged for four years in 
the business of building. He then went to Weyauwega, 
Wisconsin, and put up a large sash, door and blind 
factory. While living there he married Miss Sara Reese, 

560 



MEMORIALS. 561 

May I, 1856, who died June 13, 1858, leaving him one 
child, a boy who lived until he was seven years of age. 
After the death of his wife, and the burning of his factory 
Companion Jones moved to DuPage County, Illinois, in 
the fall of 1858, and settled at Danby, now Glen Ellyn, 
and went to work at his trade as carpenter and builder. 

At the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861, he laid 
down his tools and enlisted, assisting materially in rais 
ing Company E, Eighth Illinois Cavalry. The boys of 
the company wanted him to take an office but he replied 
he knew nothing of military science and tactics, and 
went into the army as a private. He came from a race 
of fighting people. It was his grandmother s brother, 
General Stark, who at the battle of Bennington, during 
the war of the Revolution, said to his boys just before 
the battle, "Boys, we conquer to-day or Mollie Stark is 
a widow." With this kind of blood in his veins, it is 
very evident to us how easy it was for him to gradually 
become promoted- September 5, 1861, to First Duty 
Sergeant; December 5, 1862, to Second Lieutenant; 
July 4, 1864, to Eirst Lieutenant; October 10, 1864, to 
Captain. He was in every movement of his regiment, 
except for seven months when at General Sumner s 
headquarters. History accords to him the honor of firing 
the first shot at the battle of Gettysburg. On that 
memorable morning, seeing the enemy approaching, he 
took the carbine from one of his Sergeants and fired the 
shot that opened the battle. 

He was mustered out of the service in Chicago, July 
17, 1865, and returned to Wheaton. 

September I, 1864, while at home on a furlough, he 
married Miss Naomi E. Meacham, and for the last thirty- 
six years she has been at his side, sharing his joys and 
sorrows. From the close of the war until 1872, they 



562 MEMORIALS. 

resided in Wheaton; that year they went to Colorado, 
where they remained four years, again returning to 
Wheaton, where they have resided continually since. 
He has filled several township and city offices. In 1882 
he was elected Sheriff of DuPage County. In 1890 was 
appointed postmaster of Wheaton, which office he held 
until the spring of 1895. 

Our deceased Companion was a charter member of 
E. S. Kelley Post, 513, Department of Illinois, Grand 
Army of the Republic, and for a number of years its Com 
mander. Also a member of Wheaton Lodge, No. 269, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and its Master for 
several years. He was a member of Euclid Chapter, 
No. 13, Royal Arch Masons, of Gebal Council, No. 81, 
R. and S. M. He also belonged to the Knights of 
Pythias and the Odd Fellows. He joined this Com- 
mandery February 10, 1898, and was a regular attend 
ant at all its meetings.. He was an active member of 
the Universalist Church. 

As a soldier and citizen, it can well be said of him 
that in army, official, and private life, his conduct was 
always above reproach. He was true to every duty, 
faithful to every trust. What more can be said of any 
one ? 

Deeply sympathizing with his widow and friends, we 
with them deplore his loss, and shall ever hold his 
memory in respect and esteem. 

FLORUS D. MEACHAM, 
HENRY A. PEARSONS, 
WILLIAM P. WRIGHT, 

Committee. 





CHARLES REUBEN HALE. 

Chaplain United States Naiy . Died at Cairo, Illinois. 
December 2j, igoo. 

Cairo, Illinois, on the last Christmas day of the 
past century, the Right Reverend Charles Reuben 
Hale, D.D., LL.D., passed the line that divides 
this life from the future. This became his natal day in 
another sphere! He was familiarly known as the Bishop 
of Cairo, which title was official for some purposes, while 
his more proper title w r as Bishop Coadjutor of Springfield. 
Our distinguished late Companion was born at Lewis- 
town, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, March 14, 1837. 
His father was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer, who 
was Quartermaster General during our Civil War. Bishop 
Hale graduated with high honors at the University of 

563 



564 MEMORIALS. 

Pennsylvania in 1858. While a student at this University 
he published a treatise on the Rosetta Stone Inscription, 
which won the commendation of that great scholar Baron 
Humboldt, who wrote to him as follows: "The scien 
tific analysis of the celebrated inscription of Rosetta, 
has appeared to me specially worthy of praise, since it 
offers the first attempt at independent investigation 
offered by the literature of the New Continent." In 1861 
he was ordained as Deacon, and in the year following 
as a Priest. During his early ministry he officiated as 
assistant in two churches in the vicinity of Philadelphia. 

He was appointed a Chaplain in the United States 
Navy on March 10, 1863, and served in that capacity 
until resignation March 26, 18/1. During this time he 
was stationed at the Naval Academy at Newport, Rhode 
Island, on the United States Frigate Colorado, and also 
at the League Island Navy Yard, Philadelphia. 

His abilities as a scholar have been demonstrated 
throughout his entire life, but he was particularly distin 
guished in that branch of the Christian church to which 
he was attached. In 18/0 he became rector of St. 
John s church, Auburn, New York. In 1873 he took a 
leading part in founding a mission among the Italians in 
New York City. In 1874 he became one of the clergy 
of the St. Paul Church, Baltimore. In 1886 he was 
appointed the Dean of Davenport. Iowa, and on May 
17, 1892, he was elected Bishop Coadjutor of Springfield. 
His special charge was the southern half of the Diocese 
of Springfield, with Cairo as the principal city. On this 
duty his battle of life ended. 

As the author of several publications he established 
an international reputation for research and scholarship, 
and was particularly interested in efforts for the unifica 
tion of the Christian churches of the world. In 1892 he 



MEMORIALS. 565. 

was specially active in the relief of the starving peasants 
of Russia, for which service he received a personal letter 
of thanks from Countess Tolstoi. He acquired a famil 
iarity with the modern Greek language and also the Rus 
sian language; in fact was a linguist of considerable note. 
He spent some time in the far East, becoming familiar 
with their religious life, associating on intimate terms 
with many of their most distinguished religious leaders. 
He was elected an Original Companion of the First 
Class of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, through the Commandery of the State of 
Iowa, November 10, 1891, and transferred to this Com 
mandery, November 15, 1893. 

Our departed Companion was personally well known 
to but comparatively few of the members of this Com 
mandery, owing to the fact that Chicago being our 
chosen headquarters, he was located at the extreme 
southern end of the State; hence he seldom joined us at 
our stated reunions. To some of us, however, he is 
remembered with special pleasure on account of his 
genial companionship. 

He leaves no family, as his wife died several years 
ago. We extend our sympathy to his many friends, and 
particularly to his two sisters, Mrs. Mulien and Miss 
Hale of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and to his brother, 
Mr. W. W. Hale, of Alden, Iowa. 

JOHN A. GRIER, 
CHARLES WALDO ADAMS, 
E. W. BROOKS, 

Committee. 




HUNTINGTON WOLCOTT JACKSON. 

First Lieutenant Fourth Xezu Jersey Infantry and Brevet Lieutenant 

Colonel, United States Volunteers. Died at Ncivark, 

Nezv Jersey, January j>, igoi. 

TTjT THE threshold of the new century, the Illinois 
g\ Commandery of the Loyal Legion is called upon 
^" to mourn the loss of one of its oldest and most 
cherished members. On the 3d of January, 1901, Brevet 
Lieutenant Colonel Huntington W. Jackson passed away 
at his old home in Newark, New Jersey, surrounded by 
sorrowing friends and kindred. 

He was born in that city on the 28th day of January, 
1841, and had not quite reached the age of sixty years at 
the time of his death, but those years were full of honor 
and usefulness. 

=66 



MEMORIALS. 567 

Colonel Jackson was of Scotch-Irish ancestry, and 
belonged to one of the oldest families of New Jersey. His 
father, John P. Jackson, was for many years a leading 
lawyer and prominent citizen of that State, and was at 
one time the partner of Justice Bradley of the United 
States Supreme Court. On his mother s side he was 
related to the Wolcott and Huntington families of New 
England, after whom he was named. The late Governor 
Roger Wolcott, of Massachusetts, was his cousin. 

Colonel Jackson prepared for college at Phillip s 
Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, and entered Prince 
ton College, now Princeton University, in 1859, but be 
fore his college career was completed, the storm of Civil 
War had broken upon the country, and he left college 
never to return. The closing incident of his college life 
is deserving of special mention. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War when the great 
wave of loyalty and patriotism swept over the entire 
country with resistless force, Jackson, with other students, 
requested permission to raise the American Flag over the 
college buildings. The policy of "reconciliation " was, 
at this time, in the ascendant, and the request was re 
fused by the college authorities. The same evening 
Colonel Jackson was one of a party which climbed up 
the high tower of Nassau Hall and raised over it the flag 
of his country. The authorities demanded that the flag 
should be taken down by those who raised it, which was 
promptly refused. For this act the entire party was 
suspended and sent home. After the facts were fully 
stated, Colonel Jackson s father assured him that he was 
proud of his conduct in the matter, and regarded his 
suspension, under such circumstances, as the highest 
honor the college could possibly bestow upon him. Sub 
sequently, however, the college itself made atonement 



568 MEMORIALS. 

when, in 1863, it conferred upon Colonel Jackson the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts and gave him his diploma. 

Colonel Jackson was unable, for family reasons, to 
enter the army immediately, but in the summer of 1862, 
he accompanied his sister, Mrs. Parker, of Boston, on a 
steamer sent by the United States Sanitary Commission 
to Harrison s Landing, to bring back to Washington the 
sick and wounded of McClellan s Army. On the 6th day 
of September, 1862, his wishes were finally gratified and 
he entered the service as Second Lieutenant of the 
Fourth New Jersey Volunteers, with which he was con 
nected until the regiment was mustered out of service. 

Colonel Jackson took part with his command in the 
Maryland Campaign of the Army of the Potomac, and 
was present at the fierce and destructive battle of Antie- 
tam on the i6th and i/th of September, 1862, where he 
received special mention for gallantry and good conduct. 
Shortly afterwards he was promoted to be First Lieuten 
ant, and was assigned to duty as Aide de Camp to Gen 
eral John Newton, commanding the Third Division, Sixth 
Corps, Army of the Potomac, with whom he remained 
until the end of the War. He took part in the Second 
Battle of Fredericksburg, where he rendered most gal 
lant and distinguished service. It will be remembered 
that, in the ill-fated Campaign of Chancellorsville, in 
1863, the Sixth Army Corps, under Major General John 
Sedgwick, was ordered to cross the Rappahannock River 
at Fredericksburg, and carry the works on Marye 
Heights, where Burnside had been defeated only a few 
month s before with such terrible loss. How bravely 
and successfully this duty was performed makes one of 
the brightest pages of the history of the Civil War. Few 
however are aware of the part which Colonel Jackson 
took in this fiercely contested battle. In a letter pub- 



MEMORIALS. 569 

lished several years after the war, General John Newton, 
speaking of this action, says: 

"One of the many heroic acts that came under my 
observation during the Civil War, was in the assault 
upon the famous stone wall at the battle of Fredericks- 
burg, where I was in command of a division that led the 
assault. Three bodies of troops moved at the same time, 
one of them out of the streets of the town, toward the 
point of attack. The one to which I make special refer 
ence, for every man was a hero who marched in these 
columns, was obliged to cross a bridge spanning the 
canal. It was a very narrow bridge and there was no 
chance for delaying. In fact the men in the advance 
columns were fairly mowed down under the terrific fire 
from the Confederate artillery and infantry. Lieutenant 
Huntington W. Jackson of my staff asked and received 
permission to lead this column, the Colonel having been 
wounded. This man and the gallant fellows he led 
fought their way with dogged courage over the narrow 
bridge to the open space beyond, and, strange to say, 
Lieutenant Jackson was not wounded, though men fell 
by the dozens on all sides of him, the carnage being 
frightful. He was afterwards wounded, however, at the 
battle of Kenesaw Mountain in Georgia. He is now a 
lawyer in Chicago. For his gallantry on this occasion 
he was warmly complimented by General Sedgwick, for 
his services were purely voluntary and actuated by a 
spirit of intrepid bravery. One of the other attacking 
columns got through the line, but the third failed, the 
fire being so hot that the men in that column fairly 
melted away. I consider that every man, especially 
those who led the column over the bridge, performed an 
individual act of heroism that deserves a greater recog 
nition than the mere mention of their bravery. They 



5/O MEMORIALS. 

could not deploy, and it does not need a soldier to tell 
what it means for men to march only four abreast into 
the teeth of a raking, sweeping artillery and infantry 
fire. Yet, as the men were shot down, others equally as 
brave hurried over the little bridge and filled their places. 
They were great heroes, every one of them, and I am 
glad to be able thus to honor them." 

The bravery of Colonel Jackson was highly com 
mended by his superior officers, and was the subject of 
general remark by all who witnessed it. Major General 
John Sedgwick, in his official report of this action, speaks 
of Colonel Jackson in the warmest terms of commenda 
tion. He says: 

"The column had broken and the men were falling 
back, but Lieutenant Jackson, having obtained permis 
sion, and exposing himself to a fire that killed and 
wounded one hundred and sixty out of the four hundred 
in the regiment, rallied the column and passed with it 
into the enemy s works." 

General Newton also recommended that a brevet 
should be conferred on him for his gallant and distin 
guished service in this action. 

One who took part in this battle recently gave to one 
of this Committee a graphic description of the assault 
upon the almost impregnable works of the enemy; the 
men charged in column, over the bridge across the canal, 
and up into the works of the enemy, with Jackson at 
their head, where they captured a battery of the famous 
Washington Artillery, the only one that was taken in 
battle during the whole Civil War. 

The action of Napoleon in leading the Grenadiers 
across the bridge at Lodi has been the theme of song 
and story for a hundred years, but his bravery was sur 
passed by that of Jackson and those with him, in the 
charge at Marye Heights on this occasion. 



MEMORIALS. 5/1 

Two days later, when Sedgwick crossed back to the 
north side of the Rappahannock, closely pressed by the 
victorious army of Lee, flushed with success over Hooker 
at Chancellorsville, Jackson passed the entire night in 
the saddle, bringing in the pickets just as daylight was 
breaking, and was the last man of the Sixth Corps to 
cross the river. But his modesty was equal to his 
bravery, and he could seldom be induced to speak of his 
personal experiences. The facts we have related have 
been derived from the official records at the War De 
partment. 

Colonel Jackson served with General Newton at Get 
tysburg, and we have heard him describe the long night 
march, and the arrival on the field in the gray of the 
morning on the 2nd of July, 1863, where General New 
ton assumed command of the First Corps, made vacant 
b} the death of the lamented General John F. Reynolds. 
He served in this action with distinguished gallantry, and 
was again highly commended by his superior officers. 

In March, 1864, General John Newton was assigned 
to the command of a Division of the Army of the Cum 
berland, and Colonel Jackson served on his staff and was 
present at every battle during the entire Atlanta Cam 
paign. 

At the assault upon the rebel works at Kenesaw 
Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864, Colonel Jackson, while 
at the front and encouraging the men, was wounded, and 
brought off the field. While at home recovering from 
his wound, his regiment having been mustered out, he 
obtained permission to rejoin the Staff of General New 
ton, and was present at the closing operations of General 
Sherman, which led to the capture of Atlanta, taking 
part in the fiercely contested battle of Jonesboro. 

Upon the recommendation of General John Newton 



572 MEMORIALS. 

and General O. O. Howard, Colonel Jackson received the 
brevet rank of Captain for special gallantry at Rocky 
Faced Ridge in Georgia; was made brevet Major for gal 
lant and meritorious service at the battle of Kenesaw 
Mountain, where he was badly wounded; and received 
the rank of brevet Lieutenant Colonel for gallant and 
meritorious service at the battle of Jonesboro. 

At the close of the war Colonel Jackson resumed his 
studies which had been so rudely interrupted. After 
spending one year at the Harvard Law School, and some 
months in foreign travel, he came to Chicago to practice 
his profession, which he pursued for more than thirty 
years with distinguished success. He was an able lawyer 
and gained the respect and confidence of all who knew 
him. He filled many positions of trust and confidence; 
he was President of the Chicago Bar Association, Re 
ceiver of the Third National Bank, and one of the Trus 
tees of the Crerar Library, of which he was President at 
the time of his death. No man at the bar of this city 
ever stood higher in character, honesty and integrity. 

Colonel Jackson never sought, nor would he accept, 
political place. When a number of years ago it became 
manifest that there was pressing need of reform in the 
conduct of public business in the township of South Chi 
cago, he, with a number of others, then comparatively 
young men, undertook the work of reform. They were 
met with threats of physical violence as well as by other 
forms of opposition familiar to corrupt politicians of the 
baser sort. But the man who, in early manhood, led 
the charge across that battle swept bridge at Fredericks- 
burg; who, well at the front, rode his horse over Con 
federate works at Marye s Hill; who, in that gallant 
though costly assault upon Kenesaw Mountain, was 
stopped only by a wound; who won promotion for gal- 



MEMORIALS. 5/3 

lantry on many hard fought fields, was not readily in 
timidated in civil conflict. The movement was a suc 
cess, the people rallied to their support, and the corrupt 
gang who fattened on public plunder was overthrown. 
But except at this time, and for such purpose, Colonel 
Jackson invariably refused to allow his name to be used 
for public office. 

He was one of the most modest of men. His own 
conduct or achievements were never subjects of his con 
versation. He was always and everywhere a gentleman, 
self-respecting, scrupulously just and nobly generous, 
pure in heart and life, commanding confidence and re 
spect by force of character and integrity. He had the 
courage of his convictions and never hesitated to stand 
for the things which he believed to be right nor to con 
demn what he thought was wrong without thought of 
consequences. Yet to his friends he exhibited the heart 
of a lover and constancy equal to his courage. During 
the years he lived and walked among us he won the love 
of those whose privilege it was to know him well. There 
is a genuine sorrow over his absence from the old familiar 
places where we were accustomed to meet him, and not 
a few of us feel that life is not so full, not so strong, as 
as it was when he was in our midst, bearing his part and 
cheering others. 

E. A. OTIS, 

WM. ELIOT FURNESS, 

HENRY V. FREEMAN, 

Committee. 





HASWELL CORDIS CLARKE. 

Captain and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Kankahee, Illinois, January 16, 



*7T,N ORDERLY from Divine Headquarters has once 
f\ more visited our Cornmandery, delivered his pa- 
^^ pers, and Lieutenant Colonel Haswell Cordis 
Clarke has been detailed for duty in the great bivouac on 
the other side of the broad river of eternal life to which 
we too may so soon be summoned. 

Haswell Cordis Clarke was born in Boston, Massa 
chusetts, September 28, 1842, and died in the city of 
Kankakee, Illinois, January 16, 1901. 

His father, John Jones Clarke, who was also a native 
of the old Bay State, was a lawyer by profession and a 
distinguished member of the Massachusetts bar. In 

574 



MEMORIALS. 5/5 

early life he attained considerable prominence in public 
positions, and was the first Mayor of Roxbury, which 
now forms a part of Boston. He served as a member of 
the State Senate, and was a gentleman of considerable 
wealth and of high social standing. His death occurred 
November 5, 1887, at the age of nearly eighty-five years. 
The mother of Colonel Clarke was a woman of high in 
tellectual attainments and deep piety, and was charitable 
and public spirited. She was moreover possessed of 
much personal grace and beauty and many excellencies 
of character. Her death occurred December 26, 1883, 
in her home in Massachusetts. Colonel Clarke s mother 
and father traced their lineage back through a line of 
men prominent in the Revolutionary period of this 
country. 

Companion Clarke entered Harvard College in 1859 
as a member of the Class of 1863, but left the same be 
fore graduating, having accepted a commission Novem 
ber 9, 1861, as Captain and Aide de Camp, U. S. V., 
and been assigned to duty on the Staff of Major General 
Benjamin F. Butler, to whom he reported for duty at 
the above date in the city of Boston. 

With that intrepid sailor, Admiral Farragut, our Com 
panion passed the fiery ordeal of shot and shell at Forts 
Jackson and St. Philip, April 23, 1862, for which he re 
ceived the brevet rank of Major, "For gallant conduct 
in execution of orders on the Mississippi river at the 
bombardment of Forts Jackson and St. Philip." And on 
the ist of May, 1862, he entered New Orleans with the 
Union army and remained there a year while General 
Butler was in command of the Department of the Gulf. 
He served with Butler in all his campaigns, until the 
close of the war. Throughout that time he was the 
warm and trusted friend of his commander. He was 



5/6 MEMORIALS. 

mustered out in October, 1865, as Captain with the 
brevet rank of Lieutenant Colonel, to which rank he had 
been promoted "For gallantry and courage in the attack 
of the rebels on Battery Harrison, in front of Richmond, 
September 30, 1864." 

Immediately after the close of the war Colonel Clarke 
removed to Kankakee to take charge of a flax mill in 
which his father was interested. When the First Na 
tional Bank was organized Colonel Clarke was made 
Cashier. He served the bank in this capacity until its 
reorganization in 1894. Meantime his fellow-citizens 
had called upon him to serve them as Alderman, member 
of the Board of Education, Secretary and Treasurer of 
the Eastern Illinois Hospital for the Insane, President of 
the Kankakee Club and of the Business Men s Associa 
tion. In 1899 he was elected Mayor. 

The Kankakee press was unanimous in praise of our 
Companion, from which we extract the following: 

"Colonel Clarke died this morning (January 16, 1901 ) 
at fifteen minutes of eleven o clock, surrounded by his 
immediate relatives who had been warned for a number 
of hours that the end was approaching. With the ex 
ception of a lucid interval at two o clock this morning 
\vhen he recognized his wife he was unconscious since 
yesterday afternoon. His dsath, like his illness, was 
free from pain, and his relatives and friends feel a large 
measure of thankfulness that his decline was mercifully 
without suffering. 

" Probably the death of no Karikakeean will be so 
much regretted as that of Colonel Clarke. He has been 
for so many years identified with the public and social 
interests of this community that his removal will ap 
proach very nearly to conferring a sense of personal loss 
upon all of the older residents of the city. He possessed 



MEMORIALS. 577 

a geni.il personality that made him approachable at all 
times by all people. To this he added such sterling 
qualities of conscience and an inherent sense ot right 
that he was respected as much as he was liked. He pos 
sessed and cultivated high ideals of citizenship and of 
personal character, and exemplified in his relations with 
his fellow men some of the finest attributes of manhood. 
His manner was by nature always that of the refined 
gentleman. His wide acquaintance and his association 
with men all over the country gave him an ease of man 
ner and an adaptability to people of all classes which 
rendered him an agreeable and entertaining companion, 
and gave him local distinction on many public occasions. 
In his business, church and social relations he was de 
ferred to as one whose judgment was clear and safe. As 
Alderman and Mayor he was absolutely true to his con 
victions, and unselfishly committed to what he believed 
were the public interests. Wherever he was tried Col 
onel Clarke proved beyond all suspicion that he was 
honest to himself and conscious of his responsibility to 
others." 

Colonel Clarke was elected an Original Companion 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, through the Commandery of the State of Illinois, 
November 5, 1879. He was a prominent member of the 
Masonic Order, having been a Past Grand High Priest 
of Royal Arch Masonry and Past Grand Commander of 
Knights Templars of Illinois. He was also an honorary 
member of the thirty-third degree of the Northern Ma 
sonic Jurisdiction, United States of America, and a mem 
ber of the Masonic Veteran Association of Illinois. The 
Rev. Dr. Phillips officiated at the Lpiscopal Church 
services, and the Freemasons at the cemetery. There 
was a large attendance of his comrades of the Grand 



5/8 MEMORIALS. 

Army of the Republic and of the Masonic fraternity, the 
Loyal Legion being represented by General John C. 
Smith and Captain James G. Elwood. 

In politics Colonel Clarke was a staunch Republican, 
and his religious affiliations were Episcopalian. 

In May, 1869, he was married to Miss Harriet Cobb, 
a lady who proved a most suitable companion. The 
Clarke home was one of refinement and gracious hospi 
tality. JOHN C. SMITH, 

JAMES. G. ELWOOD, 
JOHN C. NEELY, 

Committee. 




LEONARD FULTON ROSS. 

tirifradier (ieneral, United States Volunteers. Died at Galesburg, 
Illinois, January //, 79(57. 

C>NARD FULTON ROSS was born at Lewistown, 
in Fulton County, Illinois, July 18, 1823. Colonel 
Seventeenth Regiment Illinois Infantry, and Brig 
adier General, United States Volunteers. Elected 
November 11, 1897. First Class. Insignia No. 11,977. 
He served as a Lieutenant in the Fourth Regiment 
Illinois Infantry during the Mexican War. Enlisted in 
the Army of the Union in April, 1861. Was made 
Colonel Seventeenth Regiment Illinois Infantry. Brig 
adier General, April 25, 1862. Resigned, July 22, 1863. 
Such is the record of our Companion who passed to 
the other shore January 17, 1901. 

579 



580 MEMORIALS. 

In life he was not alone honored as a Companion of 
the Loyal Legion and a Comrade of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, but was held in high esteem by prominent 
military men, and was respected by the masses whose 
friendship at all times was at their command. 

As a citizen and soldier he was the peer of any of 
Illinois sons; having led a blameless life, he gave his 
best years in his country s defense, and at the ripe age 
of seventy-eight years he was called to the spirit land. 

He is just a day s inarch in advance of the remnant 
of that great army whose steps shook the land from 1861 
to 1865, while they tramped and fought the battles that 
perpetuated our country undivided. 

He was buried with military honors by his Comrades, 
and as the rattle of musketry passed over his narrow 
resting place where he had been consigned, it brought 
forth the thought to his Comrades "Who comes next?" 

As members of that Grand Army we believe his spirit 
departed to the final camp, over the river, where angels 
guard the battlements that crown the city of our God 
a city where we all hope to assemble to answer the roll 
call at the Grand Reveille, and as we stand in line for 
that final inspection, voices like bugle notes will pro 
claim everlasting peace. 

Day by day passes, the roll is called, and another is 
announced as failing to answer. The number who passed 
through the ordeal of shot and shell grows less, and ere 
many decades all will have passed across the river. 
Our lines are likened unto the sands of the desert; we 
are drifting nearer the brink of life s river, and when that 
inevitable time comes and the great Commander calls 
us to yonder shore, let us be prepared to enjoy that ever 
lasting peace and happiness, the reward of the faithful, 
the loyal and the brave. 



MEMORIALS. 58 1 

Amid all the scenes in the eventful life of General 
Ross as a citizen and a soldier, his magnificent presence 
on all occasions commanded attention and respect, and 
in his daily life, as he mingled among those who loved 
him, he was characterized as a giant of right, standing 
in order, prepared to pass the portals of that "spiritual 
building, that house not made with hands, eternal in the 
heavens. " 

WILLIAM A. LORIMER, 
JOHN Me ARTHUR. 
CHARLES F. MATTESON, 

Committee. 




EDWARD CONNELL ABDILL. 

Inrst Lieutenant One Hundred and Twentieth Indiana Infantry, 

United States Volunteers. Died at Danville, Illinois, 

February 20, igoi. 

CDWARD CONNELL ABDILL was bom at Perry- 

ville, Indiana, May 14, 1840, and died at his home 
^^"* in Danville, Illinois, February 19, 1901. 

He entered the volunteer service of the United States 
as a private in Company B, Eleventh Indiana Infantry, 
under Colonel Lew Wallace, August 15, 1861. He was 
engaged with his regiment at Forts Henry and Donelson 
and elsewhere in their campaigning. In February, 1863, 
he was detailed as a special messenger in charge of mails 
and dispatches at General Grant s headquarters, which 
responsible service he rendered to the satisfaction of the 

582 



MKMOKIALS. 583 

commanding General, until December of that year, 
when he was promoted to First Lieutenant and Adjutant 
of the Twentieth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. After the 
fall of Vicksburg he was designated by General Grant to 
bear to the North the official dispatches announcing the 
great result. He was soon afterward assigned to duty 
as Assistant Adjutant General of the First Brigade, First 
Division, Twenty-third Corps. He participated in the 
battles of the Vicksburg and Atlanta Campaigns, and was 
discharged on account of disability, contracted in line of 
duty prior to and in front of Atlanta in August, 1864. 

He married Miss Anna Peters, a daughter of Judge 
Peters, a prominent citizen and early settler of Danville, 
Vermilion County, Illinois. Their marriage, contracted 
in 1864, on his leaving the service, was one of true and 
enduring affection. From slender beginnings, the two 
working and loving together, prospered and builded them 
a beautiful home where for many years they dwelt in 
amity, rearing a family of four children Charles P. 
Abdill, Mrs. E. Y. English, Katherine and Harry who, 
with their mother, survive our Companion and keep his 
memory green and sweet as that of a cherishing husband, 
a sacrificing father, and a patriot. 

Edward C. Abdill looked on an old soldier as a com 
rade and a friend. For fifteen years prior to his death 
he was, with his comrade, W. R. Jewell, constant in 
efforts to secure the erection in Danville of a monument 
to the dead of Vermilion County, of the great war, and 
in 1900 he was successful; the funds, long accumulating, 
were all secured. The monument of granite, surmounted 
by a bronze heroic figure, was purchased and erected, 
and all but the final work of raising the figure to its place 
was completed. The dedication ceremonies set for 
October were delayed by accident to the shaft itself at 



584 MEMORIALS. 

the quarry, and postponed until the 3Oth of May, 1901. 
To this delay the brave and loyal worker submitted with 
what patience he could, and looked forward with eager 
ness to that time when his work of honor and love for 
the dead should at last stand unveiled. Alas, only with 
spiritual eyes will he behold it, but it will be more his 
monument than that of any for whom he toiled to erect it. 
True heart, brave man, dear comrade and Companion, 
God give you rest and peace, and may you from eternal 
heights be given to see the land you loved prosperous 
and good. 

JACOB W. WILKIN, 
JOHN C. BLACK, 
FRANCIS A. RIDDLE, 

Committee. 




GEORGE HUNT. 

Captain Ti^elfth Illinois Infantry, United States Volunteers. Died 
at Riverside, Illinois, March 77, 1901 . 

3UNDAY morning, March 17, 1901, there died^at 
his Riverside home Captain George Hunt, a be 
loved and respected member of our Commandery. 
Captain Hunt was born in Knox County, Ohio, in 1841. 
When scarcely fifteen years of age he came to Edgar 
County, Illinois, an orphan, living with an uncle, teaching 
school during the summer months and attending college 
at Terre Haute during the winter. From this college 
he graduated in the spring of 1861. In July, 1861 he 
enlisted in Company E, Twelfth Illinois Infantry, re- 
enlisting as veteran in 1864. He was an exemplary 
soldier, filling every place assigned to him with that 
patience, perseverance and loyalty to detail that charac- 

5> S 5 



586 MEMORIALS. 

terized his whole life. His promotion to the Captaincy 
of his company was a reward for merit, merit won for all 
those qualities becoming in a soldier and a man; of un 
questioned bravery, gentlemanly in character and deport 
ment, he won the esteem and love of his comrades in 
arms, as in after life those intimate friends paid homage 
to his kind heart, his unostentatious manner and his 
loyal friendship. His death was an unexpected shock 
and called forth the sincere regrets of all who knew him, 
that his life might not have been prolonged to his family 
and his country. 

In civil life he was a lawyer of marked ability, inter 
esting himself in public affairs. His sterling qualities 
received recognition in his election as State Senator, and 
afterwards for eight years as the Attorney General of 
Illinois. It was in this capacity that in 1887 and 1890 he 
conducted the prosecution of the anarchists in Chicago 
in the Supreme Courts of the State and of the United 
States against such noted lawyers as Benjamin F. Butler, 
John Randolph Tucker and Roger A. Pryor. 

Captain Hunt had been a resident of Chicago and its 
suburbs since 1893. He was a member of the Hamilton 
Club, of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee and a 
Knight Templar; his associates in these societies mourn 
with us his death, not only as a loss to us but to our City 
and our State. We desire to bear testimony to his virtues 
and his unsullied life. Such a life is full of inspiration 
and is an exemplar after which we may model ourselves. 
To his bereaved wife and daughter we offer our most 
sincere sympathy. With them we share the recollection 
of a sunny face, kind heart and of a worthy Companion. 

JOHN MCARTHUR, 
GEORGE MASON, 
RICHARD S. TUTHILL, 

Committee. 




JAMES ADAMS BALDWIN. 

Captain First Afassachiisetls Cai alrv, United States Volunteers. 
Died at Chicago, March 20, igoi. 



Born in Boston, 
Died in Chicago, 
to the world the 
Nation s records 



evIPANION James Adams Baldwin. 
Massachusetts, August 31, 1843. 
Illinois, March 20, 1901. Thus reads 
epitome of a man s existence. The 
read: "Enrolled October 14, 1861, as Bugler, Company 
A, First Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry; 
promoted to Corporal, February i, 1863, and to Quarter 
master Sergeant, November 15, 1863; commissioned 
Second Lieutenant, Company D, from March I, 1864; 
First Lieutenant from November 13, 1864, and Captain 
from June 19, 1865; mustered out June 29, 1865, by 



reason of ending of war." 



5- s 7 



588 MEMORIALS. 

Wherever the First Brigade, Second Division, Cav 
alry Corps, Army of the Potomac, marched and fought 
through the years of steadfast loyalty and cheerful sacri 
fice from Manassas until the last flashing sabre was 
sheathed in the glinting of the war s setting on Appomat- 
tox field, there rode our gallant Companion. Modest 
and unostentatious, he was of that brave host, who, by 
their fidelity in the ranks, courage on the reconnaisance, 
obedience to the voice of command, patience at the 
picket line and vigilance at the outpost, made possible 
the greater America of to-day. 

To us no longer belongs the pomp and circumstance 
of the military show, but rather the sadder service of 
singing the requiems of those who in the springtime of 
their life wore the blue with us. Sweet shall be the re 
newed memories of the days when we marched and bat 
tled that the Nation might survive. Sweeter must be the 
sacred memories of his home life to those who stand to 
day in the shadow and weep and pray in sorrowful yearn 
ing for the sound of the loving voice that is still forever. 
To them we tender our tender sympathies and with them 
join our hopes for a blessed reunion beyond the shores 
of the Ultimate River. 

" May the flowers be fair above him, 
May the bright buds bend and love him, 
May his sleep be deep and dreamless 
Till the last great bugle call." 

F. R. WERNER, 
M. J. SHERIDAN, 
JAMES M. BALL, 

Committee. 




ARTHUR EDWARDS. 

Chaplain Firs( Michigan Cavalry, United States Volunteers, 
at Chicago, Illinois, March 20, igoi. 



Died 



TLRTHUR EDWARDS was born in Norwalk, Ohio, 
f\ of Welsh and Scotch ancestry, November 23, 1834. 
^* His grandfather, John Edwards, was born in this 
country and faithfully served it in the Revolutionary War 
and the War with England in 1812. Being bereft of his 
father when about seven years old, Arthur was adopted 
by an uncle and made his home with him in Trenton, 
Michigan. This uncle was a lake captain, whose home 
was within a few hundred feet of the water. Here Arthur 
Edwards became thoroughly familiar with all phases of 
sea life, which possessed for him a life-long fascination. 
He spent one year in the Seminary at Albion, Michi- 

5 8 9 



59O MEMORIALS. 

gan, and then went to the Ohio Wesleyan University, 
from which institution he graduated in 1858. 

He entered the Methodist ministry in the Detroit 
Conference, immediately after his graduation, and was 
appointed Pastor of the church at Marine City, Michigan, 
where he remained until the breaking out of the Civil War. 

Arthur Edwards was a born soldier, and once secured 
an appointment at West Point, but finally decided to ob 
tain a collegiate education instead of a military training. 

In 1 86 1 he was among the first to respond to his 
country s call, and was appointed Chaplain of the First 
Michigan Infantry, participating with it in some of the 
most memorable battles of the War. He was connected 
with the Secret Service at Washington, Baltimore and 
Richmond for six months, endeavoring to ferret oat a 
Confederate plot. He retained his position as Chaplain 
until after the battle of Gettysburg, when he resigned to 
consider the acceptance of the Colonelcy of a Cavalry 
Regiment, tendered him by the Governor of the State. 
He, however, felt compelled to decline the appointment 
and returned to the ministry. 

While Chaplain, he won the affection of the men and 
the complete respect of the officers, not only of his own, 
but of other regiments, and it is claimed that he was the 
most popular Chaplain in the Army of the Potomac. At 
one time, several of the officers, who had become alarmed 
at the failing for strong drink of the commanding Gen 
eral the gallant Joe Hooker requested Chaplain Ed 
wards to have a personal interview with the General on 
the subject. He performed his delicate and difficult task 
with such tact and courage that General Hooker warmly 
thanked him for what he had done, and declared that 
neither the Chaplain nor the Army should have future 
cause for anxiety over the condition of their commander. 



MEMORIALS. 591 

Dr. Edwards was the oldest editor, in point of service, 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and occupied a high 
place in the front rank of religious editors throughout 
the world. He had a grasp of public questions which his 
wide experiences in life as soldier and journalist had 
given him, and which few men have possessed. His 
editorials on the various phases of the war between China 
and Japan, and the war between Spain and the United 
States, were those of a naval expert, and attracted wide 
attention outside of church readers. His style was dis 
tinguished for its epigrams and forceful expressions. 

His influence upon the legislation of the great church 
to which he belonged, was very marked. It is safe to 
say that no man in the ranks wielded greater influence. 
He was always on the right side of the important ques 
tions which came before him for consideration, and took 
the lead in bringing them to a successful consideration. 

Dr. Edwards was the very personification of sympa 
thy and kindness. Although firm as a rock in his con 
victions of truth and righteousness, he was ever ready 
to help the fallen and give them further opportunities 
for retrievement and reformation. He had a keen 
sense of humor and possessed rare power as a conversa 
tionalist, which always made him a center of magnetic 
attraction. 

In 1889 ne was appointed by President Harrison a 
member of the Board of Visitors to West Point, and be 
ing elected its Secretary wrote the report of the Board 
to the Secretary of War. 

Eor many years he was Chaplain of this Commandery 
of the Loyal Legion, to which he was so devotedly at 
tached, and faithfully served it in that capacity. 

After making a gallant fight for life with an insidious 
and painful disease, and remaining at his post of duty to 



592 MEMORIALS. 

almost the last conscious moment, he entered into rest 
on Wednesday evening, March 20, 1901. 

Dr. Edwards was married January 24, 1868, to Miss 
Caroline Whitehead, daughter of the Rev. Henry White- 
head, one of the pioneers of Chicago; to them were born 
three children, Dr. A. R. Edwards, a well known physi 
cian of our city, Miss Grace Edwards, and Miss Alice 
Edwards. Mrs. Edwards and the children survive him to 
mourn the loss of one of our bravest and most honored 
Companions and one of the noblest men that ever lived. 

SAMUEL FALLOWS, 
WILLIAM ELIOT FURNESS, 
A. J. HARDING, 

Committee. 




J) 



GEORGE HENRY PALMER. 

r (Retired), L nilcd States Army. Died at Harrison, Illinois, 
April ~, IQOI . 

EATH loves a shining mark! The grim Destroyer 
found one when he struck down the subject of 
this sketch. Born of patriotic stock his great 
grandfather having served as a Colonel in the War of the 
Revolution and assisted in the capture of Burgoyne; his 
grandfather a Major General for years in the New York 
State Militia; his father a cavalry officer in the Mexican 
War it did not surprise those who knew them best, that 
within twelve days after the firing on Sumter, the father 
had raised a company of cavalry (of which he was unani 
mously chosen Captain), afterward known as Company 
G, First Illinois Cavalry Volunteers, and had started for 

593 



594 MEMORIALS. 

the front, the son accompanying him as Bugler of the 
company. The "front," for that command, was North 
ern and Northeastern Missouri, so long debatable ground 
between the Union and Confederate forces; a land where, 
during the early days of the Rebellion, nearly every settle 
ment furnished recruits to the Confederate cause, and 
every thicket held an ambushed foe to the Union. 

It need not be stated that this service was most try 
ing and arduous. But throughout the long summer, the 
regiment strove earnestly to "hold, occupy, and possess " 
those portions of Missouri which Jackson and Price were 
claiming for the Confederacy, until the i8th of Septem 
ber, 1861, found the command of Colonel Mulligan of 
which the First Cavalry formed a part at Lexington, 
confronted by an overwhelming force of Confederates 
under General Price. Notwithstanding the odds against 
him, or the desperate chances confronting him, it was 
not in Mulligan s "makeup" to surrender without a 
fight. For three days the battle raged furiously, while 
the great Northwest was thrilled with the gallantry of 
her sons, who were there receiving their first "baptism 
of fire." As the fight grew hot, and cavalry could not be 
used as such, the soldiers of the First Illinois fought in 
the trenches, and conspicuous among them was the young 
Bugler. When the Union hospital was occupied by the 
rebels, and volunteers were called for to recapture it, 
young Palmer was first to volunteer and led the charge, 
which was successful. For this brave act he was awarded 
a Medal of Honor. 

Though the little force was compelled to surrender to 
hunger and thirst, and the overwhelming numbers of the 
enemy, the moral victory of the battle of Lexington- 
like its namesake of the Revolution was with the North. 
Owing to difficulties that arose, connected with the ex- 



MEMORIALS. 595 

change of prisoners, the First Illinois Cavalry lost its 
organization as a regiment, but most of the brave men 
that formed it originally, sought service in other organ 
izations, in which many of them rose to distinction 
before the war ended. Palmer was honorably discharged 
as Bugler October 9, 1861. On August 21, 1862, he 
again entered the service as First Lieutenant, Company 
A, Eighty-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was 
promoted Captain, February 4, 1863, and served in that 
capacity until honorably mustered out with his command 
on June 26, 1865, because of the termination of the 
War. On January 27, 1867, was appointed Second 
Lieutenant of the Twenty-seventh Infantry, United 
States Army; promoted to First Lieutenant, August 2nd 
of the same year. He was assigned to the Sixteenth 
Infantry, United States Army, December 15, 1870; was 
promoted to Captain in same regiment March 20, 1885; 
promoted to Major, Fourth Infantry, January 11, 1899, 
in which rank he served until retired February 27, 1899. 

While in the regular army he saw much service on 
the plains during Indian troubles, and was on duty at 
many different stations in various States. 

Of his five children, who, with his widow, survive 
him, two sons, Captain G. G. Palmer, Thirtieth Infantry, 
and Lieutenant Bruce Palmer, Tenth Cavalry, are still in 
service. His two daughters are Mrs. C. H. Noble wife of 
Lieutenant Colonel Noble, Sixteenth Infantry, and Mrs. 
F. C. Carey, wife of Captain Carey, of the same regiment. 
His remaining son, Mr. Ned Palmer, is in civil life. 

Major Palmer was elected a Companion of the Illinois 
Commandery, Loyal Legion, First Class, January 10, 
1895. As a member of the Commander) he impressed 
all who became acquainted with him, as he had all with 
whom he had served in camp and field, as a man whose 



596 MEMORIALS. 

watchword was "Duty." Modest, unassuming, even 
somewhat reserved, he commanded the respect of all, 
and those who were admitted to the inner circle of his 
personal friendship were bound to him as with "hooks 
of steel." In family and social life he was the prince of 
every circle in which he moved. On the /th of April, 
1901, having met fearlessly and faithfully all the calls of 
duty, he met the summons of the Ultimate Conqueror " 
without fear or remorse 

As one 

Who wraps the drapery of his couch about him 
And lies down to pleasant dreams." 

ROBERT W. MCCLAUGHRY, 
J. J. ABERCROMBIE, 
R. PAGE WAIN WRIGHT, 

Committee. 




ALEXANDER CALDWELL McCLURG. 

Captain (Lieutenant Colonel by Assignment}, and Assistant Adjutant 
General and Brevet Brigadier General, United States Volun 
teers. Died at Jacksonville, Florida, April 75, 7907. 

/^ENERAL Alexander Caldwell McClurg, was born in 
\J Philadelphia on the Qth day of September 1832. His 

family, the American branch of which dates from 
the advent in 1/98 of his grandfather and father, though 
settled for several generations in Ireland, is of Scotch 
origin, and, if the tartan indicate consanguinity, akin to 
the Clan McLeod. His mother, who bore the fine old 
Cornish name of Trevor, was a native of England. He 
was eight years of age when the McClurgs removed to 
Pittsburg, where he received his early education, and 
was prepared for Miami University, which he entered at 

597 



598 MEMORIALS. 

seventeen and quitted before he was one-and-twenty 
with the Bachelor s degree that of Master was con 
ferred three years later. From the University he passed 
to the office of the Hon. Walter H. Lowrie, then Chief 
Justice of Pennsylvania; only, however, to break off his 
studies at the end of a twelve-month, discouraged by 
failing health and the conviction that the law was not 
his vocation. In 1859 he accepted a situation in the 
book-selling house of S. C. Griggs & Co., and identified 
himself with the business life of Chicago, in which, the 
stormy interval of the Civil War once crossed, he was to 
take so conspicuous a part. 

The evolution of the political conflict between the 
North and the South, which finally resulted in an appeal 
to arms, was watched by McClurg with the intensest in 
terest, and when he resolved to take the field it is safe 
to say that he was moved not more by military ardor 
than by reasoned patriotism. He enlisted in the Eighty- 
eighth Illinois Infantry on the 2ist of August, 1862, and 
the same day was raised to the Captaincy of Company H 
by the unanimous vote of his comrades. The regiment, 
hastily organized at Camp Douglas, was at once hurried 
to the front and within a month of its departure faced 
the enemy at Perryville. This, and Stone s River were 
the only actions in which he participated as a company 
commander. His conduct in both, and the ability he 
subsequently manifested as Judge Advocate of a general 
court martial, drew the attention of General Alexander 
McCook, who in May, 1863, made room for him on his 
Staff. When after Chickamauga his chief was relieved 
of his command, McClurg might have joined the Staff of 
either Thomas or Sheridan, both of whom invited his 
services. 

The post of Acting Adjutant General of Baird s Divis- 



MEMORIALS. 599 

ion seemed, however, the most eligible that offered, and 
in that capacity he made the Campaign of Chattanooga, 
had his horse shot under him at Missionary Ridge, and 
won his promotion to the rank of Captain and Assistant 
Adjutant General. His commission was dated March 4, 
1864, and on the I2th of April he took over the duties of 
Adjutant General of the Fourteenth Army Corps; but to 
the proper grade annexed thereto he was not advanced 
until October 3d, some time after the supercession of 
Palmer by Davis, when, for "especially gallant conduct 
in the battle of Jonesboro, " he was made a Lieutenant 
Colonel, and named Chief of Staff. Henceforth his mil 
itary biography is interwoven with the story of that 
mighty column, whose earth-shaking tread from Atlanta 
to the Sea, dwindles now to ghostly foot-falls. 

The war over, the brevets of Colonel "for efficient 
and meritorious services" and Brigadier General "for 
gallant and meritorious services during the war" were 
conferred on him, friends presented him a sword of honor 
thickly graven with the names of battles, and, crowning 
distinction, Sherman, Thomas, Mitchell and Baird ad 
vised him to make arms his profession. His slight yet 
martial figure was seen for the last time in official place 
when Sherman s victorious veterans defiled before the 
President at the Grand Review at Washington. On the 
iQth day of September, icS65, he was mustered out of 
service with twenty-five battles and campaigns to his 
credit. They make a formidable list: Perry ville, Stone s 
River, Liberty Gap, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chatta 
nooga, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold Gap, Tunnel Hill, 
Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Adairsville, New Hope 
Church, Pine Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Chatta- 
hoochee River, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Utoy Creek, 
Jonesboro, The March to the Sea, Fayetteville, Averys- 



600 MEMORIALS. 

boro, Savannah, Bentonville. Even a naked catalogue 
may have its eloquence. This one speaks of toilsome 
marches, of nights without shelter and days without 
food, of perilous hours of battle, resolutely borne by a 
man of physical constitution so frail that only his uncon 
querable will and inflexible conscience could have sup 
ported hardships and dangers under which stronger men 
sank and died without a wound. 

On his return to Chicago, McClurg borrowed ten 
thousand dollars on the ample security of his honored 
name, and bought an interest in the old book house. 
The venture was disastrous, fire swept away the concern, 
there was no insurance, and he found himself again pen 
niless and in debt besides. He continued nevertheless 
to share the fortunes of the firm until it was practically 
dissolved by the historic conflagration of 1871. From 
its ashes rose the new house of Jansen, McClurg & Co., 
which passed scathless through the financial panic of 
1873, and four years later was flourishing enough to jus 
tify McClurg in taking a wife. In April, 1877, he mar 
ried Eleanor, daughter of Judge Nelson Knox Wheeler 
of New York, and a niece of the Hon. William B. Ogden. 
Of two sons born of the union, the elder, Ogden Trevor, 
a recent graduate of Yale, survives. The death of his 
second son and namesake, a lifelong grief to McClurg, 
was the only cloud that ever darkened the sunshine of 
his home. 

He had now given hostages to fortune, but apparently 
without that loss of initiative, which, according to Bacon, 
should have ensued. At any rate the culminating period 
in the history of his business began in 1886 with his ac 
cession to the senior partnership. All the departments 
felt his quickening touch, but perhaps it lingered longest 
on that of rare books. It was an exotic in the regular 



MEMORIALS. 6(3 1 

trade of his introduction, and, whether directly profitable 
or not, had made his establishment a haunt of the let 
tered, facilitated contacts favorable to the publishing 
department, and given him pleasure. His discriminating 
love of books was the secret of its success. Sensitive as 
he was to any artistic manifestation in the various crafts 
employed in the mechanical part of book-making, luxuri 
ous devices squandered on a worthless volume could 
never blind his judgment. "The barren scarcities of 
typography " of which Lowell speaks, and which led 
Alexander Dyce to exclaim: "There is nothing so com 
mon as a rare book " did not tempt him and he really 
cared only for "books that are books" according to the 
elastic definition of Charles Lamb. 

Unharmed by the financial troubles of 1893, so fatal 
to the book trade, the house suffered no interruption of 
prosperity until 1899, when the establishment was wholly 
destroyed by fire. It was McClurg s third; no longer 
young and a confirmed invalid, he thought for a moment 
of retirement; but consideration of the welfare of his host 
of employees quickly conquered his hesitation, and, 
though he had but two years of life in him, he set about 
and accomplished the work of reorganization. A corpo 
ration with the old name was formed; the capital was 
fixed at six hundred thousand dollars; he was made Pres 
ident, and under his generous direction the surplus stock 
was distributed by sale or gift among the employees. 
McClurg s commercial career fitly closes with an act of 
courage and devotion that was like a dying benediction 
on the house, which he had not only founded, but, by 
upholding the gentle as well as the honorable traditions 
of the trade, had raised to equal rank with those great 
English houses, to whose names the dignity of duration 
has given almost aristocratic significance. 



6O2 MEMORIALS. 

His warlike achievements and his mercantile success 
have somewhat overshadowed McClurg s reputation as a 
writer, which, though not wide was considerable. The 
volume of his literary work is necessarily small, but its 
quality compensates that deficiency. His published writ 
ings comprise an appreciative sketch of his old chief, 
Jefferson C. Davis; an article in The Forum justifying 
his first vote for Mr. Cleveland; an essay on International 
Copyright, in which he took the honest side; a paper in 
the Atlantic Monthly on the battle of Bentonville (The 
Last Chance of the Confederacy); and a memorial of his 
fellow collegian and brother officer, Colonel Minor Milli- 
ken. His inedited papers include the inaugural address 
he pronounced as President of the Literary Club; a poem 
recited at a dinner of the Commercial Club in honor of 
its Boston namesake; a notice of John Crerar, read be 
fore the Historical Society; a lecture delivered at a 
reunion of this Commandery; and an autobiographic 
fragment covering about two years of his military service. 

Many of these pieces are occasional and must suffer 
the fate of that sort of composition. His verses, for 
example, clever as they are, neatly and ingeniously 
rhymed, -gently humorous, and brightened here and there 
with a gay spark of harmless malice, contain veiled allus 
ions that will puzzle his grandchildren. Thegreater part 
of his prose is of permanent interest. Everything he 
wrote about the Civil War is well worth reading. His 
masterly account of the battle of Bentonville is one of the 
best bits of military writing extant; and his affecting 
tribute to the memory of his friend Milliken is matchless 
for sincerity and the complete self-effacement of the 
author. McClurg s style is perspicuous and grammatic 
ally correct. A little leisurely at first, as the dread im 
ages of the past rise before him, it gains in rapidity and 



MEMORIALS 603 

in certain passages (such as the description of his meet 
ing with Milliken on the field of Perryville, or his picture 
of that officer s dramatic death-struggle) is touched with 
a fine emotion. 

His turn for letters was not the only mark of McClurg s 
refined taste. He took an unfeigned and natural delight 
in all forms of aesthetic expression, and his judgment in 
matters pertaining to the shaping group of the fine arts 
was surer than that of many professed critics. His pre 
dilections were literary, artistic and military. He kept 
up his old army associations through the medium of the 
Loyal Legion, and formed new ones as Colonel of the 
First Regiment of the Illinois National Guard, which he 
commanded for many years, and brought up to a high 
degree of discipline and efficiency. He was a member 
of the Fine Arts Club of New York, and a governing 
member of the Chicago Art Institute. He had been 
President of the Literary Club, of the Historical Society, 
Vice-President of the University Club, was a member of 
the Caxton Club of Chicago, and the Grolier of New 
York, and a Trustee of the Newberry Library, He was 
not, however, the slave of his voluntary pursuits, and 
found leisure for clubs so various in purpose as the Chi 
cago, the Union, the Saddle and Cycle, the Onwentsia, 
and the Commercial, of the latter of which he had been 
President. But other distinctions than those won in 
clubland were his. In 1893 Yale conferred on him, 
honoris causa, the degree of Master of Arts, and the 
same year Mr. Cleveland appointed him on the Board of 
Visitors to West Point, a dignity bestowed only on men, 
without political pretensions, who by character and in 
fluence so tower above their fellows as to demand Presi 
dential recognition. 

In 1894 he had a serious illness which was the fore- 



604 MEMORIALS. 

runner of a mortal malady. He sought relief in European 
travel that so often befDre had been a solace to his shaken 
nerves. This time it was of no avail; his health con 
tinued slowly and steadily to decline until the end, which 
came on the I 5th day of April, 1901, at St. Augustine, 
Florida. The news fell like a note of infinite sadness on 
the ears of his old Companions of the Loyal Legion, who 
most will miss him, but not for long only till they too 
are missed. His death was generally lamented as that 
of few men has been. Journals vied with each other in 
doing honor to his memory, and his funeral in St. James s 
Church, where his three hundred employes knelt with the 
representatives of all that was best in the intellectual arid 
social life of Chicago, was like a victory over oblivion. 

McClurg was a trifle below the middle height, slen 
der and shapely, with a prominent brow, straight nose, 
hair grey from early manhood, and clear blue eyes that 
inspired instant confidence. His bearing was modest 
without shyness, and in uniform he looked every inch a 
soldier. The accent of his voice was courteous and kind, 
and his gracious and winning manner had just the need 
ful touch of defensive dignity. Temperate in all things, 
he was soiled with no excess. He was not ruled by im 
pulse, that intoxication of the sober which makes life a 
mosaic of mistakes. Prompt in an emergency in matters 
admitting of it he took time for deliberation. He made 
no rash alliances, though, once his affection was gained, 
the staunchest of friends. Prominent in many move 
ments to better the condition of the poor, to broaden 
the field of culture, or to mend the ways of government, 
he entered none of them headlong. He thought out 
every step of his earthly pilgrimage, and among the forms 
of beauty he admired did not forget that of order. In 
politics he was a conservative, but not of the protoplas- 



MEMORIALS. 605 

mic sort that, following the French anecdote would have 
maintained chaos. In his eyes the antiquity of an abuse 
was not its consecration, nor the novelty of a reforma 
tory idea a sufficient reason for its condemnation. In 
religion he adhered to the Anglican Communion, but 
was not a zealot. The faith of his childhood served him 
in his prime. He was acquainted with the results of 
recent research; but apparently regarded them as another 
form of Divine revelation, and was confident that in the 
end the last word of science would be the first word 
of God. 

Intercourse with him, whether personal or epistolary, 
was full of charm. His letters, unaffected, yet disfigured 
with no slovenliness of style were cordial and sincere, 
his talk, destitute of the ornaments of boasting and 
calumny, with which those ambitious to scale another 
social height or fearful of sinking to a lower level bestrew 
their conversation, was bright, sensible, humorous, often 
witty, always instructive. He had also the rare gift of 
receptivity. No epigram nor verbal felicity fell un 
noticed when he was by. His reading was discursive, 
and he sometimes lighted on neglected treasures. A 
favorite book of his, unknown to most and read by few, 
was the Broadstone of Honor a sort of mirror of knight 
hood, reflecting those mediaeval ideals which Kenelm 
Henry Digby thought had still a lesson for the modern 
world. Doubtless it served to keep before him the 
meaning of those inexorable words, honor, duty, and to 
sublimate the qualities which made him in the antique 
and noble sense a gentleman, not only in the virtues 
that create, but also in the minor graces, that adorn and 
complete that character. 

Viewed from all points McClurg s life was honorable, 
happy, rich in experience. He had known the joys of 



606 MEMORIALS. 

husband and father; tasted the sweets of distinction, 
military rank, university honors, social leadership; ma 
terial things had prospered in his hands and he had cared 
for the finer things of the spirit; he had breathed the 
still air of delightful studies; lived the swift minutes of 
battle, and crowded with virtuous actions the creeping 
hours of peace. 

HENRY A. HUNTINGTON, 
EPHRAIM A. OTIS, 
WILLIAM ELIOT FURNESS, 

Committee. 




ALBERT BANFIELD CAPRON. 

Captain Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry, United States Volunteers. Died 
at IVinnctka, Illinois, May 8, igoi . 

eMPANION Albert B. Capron died at his home in 
Winnetka, a suburb of Chicago, May 8, 1901, after 
an illness of about a week, of pneumonia. 

At the April meeting of the Illinois Commandery, 
Companion Capron read a paper of marked interest, in 
which he sketched his experiences in Stoneman s cavalry 
raid below Atlanta. The account given of the heroic 
charges and struggles of Stoneman s command and par 
ticularly of the brigade of his father, General Horace 
Capron, a part of which finally cut its way through the 
cordon of the enemy s forces both infantry and cavalry 
by which they were completely encircled, possessed 

607 



6O8 MEMORIALS. 

the thrilling interest which only an eye-witness can give. 
His own part, in which he faithfully guarded a certain 
approach with a small company, staying there as ordered, 
until his little troop was entirely surrounded and captured, 
was modestly and briefly set forth. He did not dwell, as 
he might have done, upon the hardships of his captivity. 
Those of us who heard that paper will recall with pleas 
ure the frank, manly, handsome countenance of our Com 
panion. He looked the picture of health as he stood 
erect, with good color, bright eye and a face beaming 
with the animation naturally awakened by the scenes he 
was living over again as he described them to an appre 
ciative audience. His voice was clear, strong and reso 
nant; seldom has a paper been read with more general 
acceptance. 

Companion Capron was highly esteemed by all who 
knew him well and his circle of friends was large. His 
quiet temper and social qualities were such as to hold old 
friends and make new ones. It was said of him by those 
who had lived by his side for years that he was never 
known to speak ill of any person. 

He had the instincts and consequently the manners 
of a gentleman. His character, evidently based on 
superior inherited qualities, was that of a chivalrous, 
high-toned Christian who had learned self-control and 
found his happiness in doing for others. No one could 
be long in his company without being made aware of 
these noble personal traits. 

Albert Banfield Capron was born June 12, 1844, at 
Laurel, Prince George County, Maryland. Companion 
Capron belonged to a military stock and took kindly to 
the profession of the soldier. Not only was his father a 
Brigadier General, as has been indicated, but two of his 
brothers were in the army; and looking backward to the 



MEMORIALS. 609 

Revolution, his ancestor, Dr. Seth Capron, was an Aide 
de Camp on General Washington s Staff. 

Even before hostilities began, when only a youth of 
seventeen, Albert B. Capron had enlisted in the Second 
United States Cavalry, in Texas, and served as an Or 
derly with Major (afterwards Major General) George H. 
Thomas, coming North with him near the outbreak of 
the war, marching with his small command through the 
Indian Territory. Young Capron was with the Second 
United States Cavalry from April till August, 1861, but 
was not then mustered in, probably because not of the 
required age; but soon after his arrival in Illinois, he was 
enrolled, August 20, 1861, in the Thirty-third Illinois 
Infantry Volunteers. His military record during the War 
of the Rebellion was brilliant. His first station was at 
Benton Barracks, Missouri. His first battle was under 
Lyon, when a force of five hundred were sent across 
the river to seize the guns just loaded on the opposite 
side and intended for the rebels at Camp Jackson, 
numbering three thousand infantry. The contest was 
sharp, but the guns were secured, and Lyon s prompt 
and masterly action is said to have saved St. Louis to 
the Union cause. 

Under Siegel s command Capron participated in the 
severe battle of Wilson s Creek, August 8, 9 and 10, 1861. 
The death of the brave General Lyon at the head of his 
command made a deep impression on the young soldier. 
During eight months he was color-bearer of his regiment. 
When in 1862 his father, General Horace Capron, took 
the field, his son Albert was promoted and transferred 
to his staff, as also was his older brother, Horace, who 
came from the Eighth Illinois Cavalry, and his younger 
brother, Osmond, who was a mere lad. Captain Horace 
Capron was killed in action in North Carolina, February 



6lO MEMORIALS. 

2, 1864. Albert B. Capron rode beside his brother in 
the last charge, and took command of the company at 
his death. He was commissioned First Lieutenant, A 
Company, Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry, March 5, 1864, 
and Captain, July 11, 1865. 

The following is a list of the battles in which Com 
panion Albert B. Capron participated: Battle of Pea 
Ridge, Arkansas; Island Number Ten captured; Vicks- 
burg; Cumberland Gap, Term. ; Siege of Knoxville; Bat 
tle of Resaca; of Newmarket; Dallas; Lost Mountain; 
Kenesaw Mountain; Battles before Atlanta, Georgia 
(taken prisoner); Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, and of 
Nashville. 

One of the most thrilling of his army experiences was 
his night ride of one hundred miles through the enemy s 
line, bearing dispatches from General Burnside in Knox 
ville to General Wilcox at Cumberland Gap. It was a 
hazardous undertaking. Twenty brave men had already 
failed in the attempt. When he returned, General Burn- 
side, with manifest enthusiasm, said: "You have won 
your spurs," and presented him with a pair of his own 
spurs. Major Capron was also one of the Cavalry Brigade 
led by his father, which helped to capture General John 
Morgan and his entire command, after a ride of nineteen 
hundred miles in thirty-one days. He participated in 
twenty-three general battles, besides a great many skir 
mishes and sharp cavalry actions. Two horses were shot 
under him while in action. He and his command were 
under fire for one hundred days on the march to and 
Siege of Atlanta, Georgia, during which he was taken 
prisoner, as stated. 

His last service in the war was under General Sheri 
dan on the Texas frontier, where he was in expectation 
of proceeding to Mexico, to help in relieving the people 



MEMORIALS. 6 I I 

of that country of the pretended sovereignty of Maxi 
milian. Captain Capron was three times made a pris 
oner, and received three severe wounds in the service of 
his country. 

A few years since he was appointed Aide de Camp on 
the Staff of General Lawler, Commander-in-Chief of the 
Grand Army, with the rank of Colonel. 

General Horace Capron, the father, was appointed 
by President Grant Commissioner of Agriculture, and 
afterwards by the Japanese Government Commissioner 
and Counsellor for the development of the agricultural 
and mineral resources of the island of Yesso. 

Captain Capron co-operated with his father in this 
important work in which he was occupied for a number 
of years. Among other duties he purchased blooded 
stock, cattle, horses and sheep; also machinery and seed 
grains, and shipped them from San Francisco. 

Before his employment as purchasing agent for the 
Japanese Government, he was engaged in mercantile 
business at Kenosha, Wisconsin. He came to Chicago 
in 18/2, and had since resided at Winnetka, on the 
North Shore. For more than twenty years he was a 
member of the Board of Trade, and carried on a general 
grain commission business. In business he exhibited the 
same energetic and straightforward course which won 
him distinction in the army, and he was held in the 
highest regard by his business associates. 

Captain Capron was married at Kenosha, \Yis- 
consin, October 20, 1869, to Miss Amelia Doolittle, 
daughter of Alfred W. and Ann Urania (Hannahs) Doo 
little, natives of Oneida County, New York, and has 
left a family of two sons and a daughter, all of adult 
age, to share with their widowed mother in the bereave 
ment that has so suddenly come upon them. His eldest 



6l2 MEMORIALS. 

son, Horace Mann Capron, is a Companion of the Illinois 

Commandery. 

C. H. ROWLAND, 
E. D. REDINGTON, 
ANDREW B. HULL, 

Committee. 




MORGAN REDMOND KAVANAGH. 

Died at La Grange, Illinois, J/v <?j, 



ON Saturday afternoon, May 25th, Morgan Redmond 
Kavanagh, on his way to his home at La Grange, 
Illinois, fell in descending a stairway at Union 
Station, sustaining injuries which resulted in his death 
at 10 o clock. His wife and son were at his bedside at 
Presbyterian Hospital. 

Mr. Kavanagh was born in Brooklyn, N. Y. , on Sep 
tember 14, 1852. His father, from whom he derived his 
eligibility for membership in the Loyal Legion, was John 
Kavanagh, Captain Sixty-third New York Infantry, 
United States Volunteers, who was killed in action at 
Antietam, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. Our 
friend was a worthy son of a brave and distinguished 

613 



614 MEMORIALS. 

soldier, was a courteous gentleman, a staunch friend and 
a universal favorite with all who knew him. Seven years 
of travel in Europe and residence in the far East broad 
ened his views of life, familiarized him with the oriental 
world and enhanced his love for America. 

Mr. Kavanagh was married on September 7, 1882, 
to Miss Jessie May Camp of Connecticut. He leaves 
with her two sons and a daughter to mourn the loss of a 
father s love, a guide and protector who was always and 
ever tender and true. He sleeps his last sleep on a 
beautiful wooded hillside near Hinsdale. 

SIMEON H. CRANE, 
J. HAMILTON BELL, 
MILTON B. MILLER, 

Committee. 



APPENDIX. 

The following Memorial of Companion Major William 
McKinley, President of the United States, who was 
affiliated with the Commandery of the State of Ohio, 
and died at Buffalo, New York, September 14, 1901, 
is, by vote of the Commandery, appended hereto. 

WILLIAM McKINLEY, 

ORESIDENT of the United States, Commander-in- 
^C Chief of its Army and Navy, our Companion in the 
Civil War, and a member of our Order, was assassi 
nated on September 6, 1901, and died at Buffalo, New 
York, on September 14, 1901. The members of the Illi 
nois Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion desire to unite with their fellow citizens and the 
people and rulers of all civilized nations in expression of 
deep sorrow and agony of soul at the manner of his 
wounding and death, and to join in the universal tribute 
to the value of his public services and appreciation of the 
sacred beauty of his private character. 

The life of Major McKinley was an open book easily 
read by all men. His advancement to the most exalted 
position in the gift of the Nation was the result of no 
accident or sudden caprice of popular favor. He grew in 

615 



6l6 APPENDIX. 

opportunity and usefulness of service as grows a mighty 
oak. His progress from humble position to the highest, 
was a gradual but sure ascent, without a break in its up 
ward course. With simple, child-like trust in God he 
met every responsibility of advancing stations, with un 
flinching courage, and so discharged his duties, that his 
name will be loved and revered until time shall be no 
more. 

Let us place upon our records the briefest possible 
sketch of his steady advancement from obscurity to fame. 

He was born on January 29, 1843, at Niles, Trumbull 
County, Ohio. On the breaking out of the Civil War, 
when only eighteen years of age, on June 11, 1861, he 
enlisted as a private in Company E of the Twenty-third 
Ohio Regiment of Infantry. On April 15, 1862, he was 
made Commissary Sergeant of his regiment, and in 
recognition of an act of service and bravery, such as no 
other Commissary Sergeant ever performed for his com 
rades on the field of battle, he was commissioned Sec 
ond Lieutenant of Company D on September 23, 1862. 
He was promoted to be First Lieutenant of Company E 
on February /, 1863; Captain of Company G on July 25, 
1864; brevetted Major for gallantry in several actions on 
March 13, 1865, and was mustered out of service on July 
26, 1865. He was an active participant in every battle 
in which his regiment was engaged. He was only twenty- 
two years of age when he returned home and began his 
career in civil life. He studied law and began its prac 
tice in Canton, Stark County, Ohio. In 1869 he was 
elected Prosecuting Attorney of Stark County, as a re 
publican in a strong democratic county. He was renomi- 
nated by his party in 18/1, but was defeated by his demo 
cratic opponent. In 1876 he was elected a member of 
the House of Representatives in Congress, and was re- 



APPENDIX. 617 

elected every succeeding two years until 1890, when by 
a successful gerrymander of his district boundaries he 
was defeated. In June, 1891, he was unanimously nomi 
nated by the Republican Convention as candidate for 
Governor of Ohio, and was elected. In 1893 ne was 
unanimously renominated for the same office and re- 
elected by more than eighty thousand majority. 

His term of office as Governor of Ohio ended in De 
cember, 1895. In June, 1896, he received the nomina 
tion of the National Republican Convention, which met 
at St. Louis, for President of the United States. He was 
elected and after the service of one term he was unani 
mously renominated by acclamation for the same office 
by the Convention which met in Philadelphia in June, 
1900. He was re-elected, and began his second term as 
President of the United States on March 4, 1901, which 
was ended by the fatal bullet of the assassin on Septem 
ber 14 of this year. 

The record of public lives in any country will scarcely 
show forty years of more continuous service, faithfully 
rendered and continually approved, than that of William 
McKinley, from the time he enlisted as a private soldier 
in the Civil War, when eighteen years of age, to the be 
ginning of his second term as President of the United 
States and his untimely death at the age of fifty-eight. 

This is not the time or place to speak of his adminis 
tration of the high offices he has been called to fill. The 
records thereof are indelibly written in the history of our 
country. 

We cannot find language adequate to express our 
horror at, and detestation of the crime which took his 
life. The records of criminal action relate no instance 
of murder so causeless and atrociously wicked. 

President Lincoln was murdered by an assassin whose 



6l8 APPENDIX. 

soul was fired by the passions of the rebellion. To the 
perpetrator of the crime it was part of the war. Presi 
dent Garfield was shot by a lunatic who thus sought to 
avenge a fancied personal wrong. It was an act of pri 
vate vengeance. The murderer of our lamented Com 
panion was driven to the act by no sense of public or pri 
vate wrong. With deliberate purpose, guided by shrewd 
intelligence, but with no personal malice, he joined the 
mass of his fellow citizens who were paying tribute of 
love and affection to the man of pure and loftiest char 
acter, who had so worthily discharged the duties of his 
great trust, and approaching with one hand extended in 
symbol of friendship, shot him to the death. With mad 
ness inconceivable by us, that fatal shot was fired at our 
Companion as the representative of all righteous govern 
ment in the earth. It was an attack upon the dignity 
and sovereignty of the people, manifested in organized 
society and the divinely ordered institution of govern 
ment among men. 

When still a mere boy Major McKinley voluntarily 
offered the sacrifice of his life, if need be, to save this 
government of the people from destruction. That young 
life was spared that he might, by his wisdom and firm 
ness of purpose in peace and in war, exalt the nation to 
the highest measure of prosperity at home, and honor 
among the brotherhood of nations in the earth. Hon 
ored as few men have ever been, successively by the citi 
zens of his city, county, district, state and nation, at 
every step promoted higher in positions of trust, he was 
faithful in all; and at last, when crowned with the highest 
honor which the entire nation could confer, that sacrifice 
of life so freely offered and refused in his youth for the 
maintainance of our one government was accepted in the 
cause of all government among men. 



APPENDIX. 619 

No language can be extravagant which speaks of the 
virtues of our departed Companion. Statesmen, orators 
and poets have striven to give adequate expression to 
our admiring appreciation of them. He was an honest, 
sincere, earnest and religious man. He was a dutiful 
son, a patriotic and brave soldier, an upright and faithful 
citizen, a most tender and loving husband; and truthful, 
courteous, moral and clean in every relation in life. 

" Let his example stand 

Colossal, seen of every land; 
And make the soldier firm, the statesman pure, 
Till in all lands and through all human story 
The path of duty be the way to glory." 

He died a soldier s death. The Christian fortitude and 
courage with which he approached the end of life, lifted 
the whole world nearer to God. Never before in the his 
tory of the world did a nation with such uplift of love and 
devotion pause in all its activities at the tomb of one 
man, and with uncovered heads and silent meditation, 
endeavor to become reconciled to the will of God. Who 
can tell what will be the fruitage of that sermon from 
the mount of his great sacrifice, listened to, and solemnly 
pondered by all the world, "It is God s way, not ours, 
let His will be done." Wondering still at the awful 
mystery of that way, may God help us in humble sub 
mission to say, "Let His Will Be Done." 

JOSEPH B. LEAKE, 
GEO. K. DAUCHY, 
C. F. MATTESOX, 
HORATIO L. WAIT, 
WILLIAM VOCKE, 

Committee. 



INDEX. 



Abbott, Abial Ralph . 
Abdill, Edward Connell. 
Adair, Addison Augustus .. . 

Adams, Albert Egerton 

Adams, Axel Smedberg . . . 
Andreas, Alfred Theodore. . 
Avery, William . 
Ayers, Henry Payson . 

Baldwin, James Adams 

Barry, George Henry 
Blake, Samuel Coleman 
Bliven, Charles Edward . 
Bogue, Roswell Griswold. . . 
Bosley, Daniel Webster. 
Boutell, Lewis Henry 
Bowen, Edwin Anson. 
Bradley, David Cleland. 
Brady, George Keyports 
Bundy, John Curtis. . . 
Burdsal, Caleb Southard 
Butler, Thaddeus Joseph . . 
Candee, George William 
Capron, Albert Banfield. . . . 
Capron, Thadeus Hurlbut 
Card, Joseph Phelps... 
Chandler, George 
Chapin, Edward Southland. 
Clapp, Joseph. . . . 

Clarke, Haswell Cordis 

Clarke, Thomas Cordis 

Clarke, William Edwin . 
Clarke, William Edwin, Jr . 
Clendenin, David Ramsay 
Cornish, Standish Vorce 
Corse, Edwards 
Courtney, Michael Lewis 
Crooke, William Dawson . . 



Page 
7cS 


Davis, Charles Wilder 


Page. 

403 


ill 582 
itus 487 


Davis, George Royal 
Dean, Thomas. . . . 


454 

IO" 


m 26s 


Deardoff David Porter 




g 324 
dore 493 


DeHaven, Joseph Edwin 
deXrobriand Philip Regis Denis 


7 

-3 OA 


296 
196 
is 587 
no 


DeWolf, Henry 
Dickey, Theophilus Lyle 
Drury, Lucius Hollenbeck 
Ducat, Arthur Charles . 


*57 

17 

12 

27^ 


m 317 
trd 292 


Dustin, Daniel 
Dutton, Everell Fletcher 


122 
S2S 


old 167 
er 441 
420 
481 
id 23 
rts. 423 


Dyer, Clarence Hopkins 
Dyer, George Randolph 
Dyer, Reuben Fredson 
Earle, Charles Warrington. . . . 
Edwards, Arthur 
Erickson, Christian . 


IQ2 
247 
272 
1 60 
589 
485 


. . . . . 127 


Ewen, Warren 


112 


ird 146 


Farrar, Henry Weld 


8 


-P h - - 339 

im ^vs 


Farrar, Samuel Franklin 
Fidlar, John Bines . . . 


394 
322 


:ld 607 


Fitch, John Adams. . . 


72 


Ibut 76 
204 


Fitzwilliam, Francis Julius .... 
Flint, Franklin Foster 


468 
105 


2 5 
bland. . . . 434 

136 
s 574 
s 53 
n 361 


Frank, Mayer 
Fullerton, Thomas Coxey 
Gardner, Peter Guy 
Gile, David Herrick 
Goodbrake, Christopher 
Gray, Albert Zabriskie 


251 

1 88 

543 
354 
90 
56 


n, Jr .... 202 
isay . ... 224 


Gresham, Walter Quintin 
Greusel, Nicholas 


240 

?8v 


ce 426 


Hale Charles Reuben 


S M 


M4 
wis 20 
son . . .183 


Hamilton, Benjamin Brown. . . . 
Hamilton, John Brown 
Hand, Peter . . 


206 

413 
462 



(621 ) 



622 



INDEX. 



Hanna, Robert Barlow 

Harmon, Joseph Warren. 

Haven, Samuel Rush 

High, James Lambert 

Hitchcock, Frank 

Hobart, Andrew Jackson 

Howard, John Edwin 

Hoyt, Henry William Betley.. 

Hunt, George 

Hutchinson, James Withington, 
Jackson, Huntington Wclcott. . 

James, William Andrew 

Johnson, Hosmer Allen 

Jones, Marcellus Ephraim 

Kavanagh, Morgan Redmond. . 

Kingsbury, Ezra Wolcott 

Kittoe, Edward Dominicus 

Knickerbocker, Henry Mabbett, 

Knox, Edward Burgin 

Lawton, George Whitfield 

Lewis, James 

Lewis Robert Henry 

Locke, Joseph Litchfield 

Logan, John Alexander 

Loomis, John Mason 

Luff, William Merritt 

Lyster, William John 

Martin, James Porter 

Matteson, Asa Abraham 

McAllister, Edward 

McClelland, George Pressly. . . . 
McClurg, Alexander Caldwell. . 

McEntee, Stuart 

McGuire, John Francis 

McKinley, William 

McNulta, John 

McVicker, James Hubert 

Mead, William Gale 

Means, Archibald 

Meyers, Charles Washington. .. 
Montgomery, William Adam . . 

Morgan, Francis 

Morgan, William Potwin 



505 
66 

388 

234 
263 

5 J 9 
81 

585 
343 

566 
172 

^3 

560 

613 

490 

38 

10 

63 

30 
444 

74 
437 

28 

534 
198 

346 

221 
268 

549 

418 

597 
330 
497 
6i5 
500 
279 
139 



253 

32 

290 



Page. 

Neff, James Irwin 148 

Newlin, George Elkins 509 

Newton, Don Carlos 154 

Noble, Henry Theophilus 97 

Nowlan, Henry James 397 

Ogden, William Langworthy. . . 171 

Oliver, John Young 327 

Palmer, George Henry 593 

Patrick, John Joseph Ravenscroft 228 

Pease, Phineas 152 

Phelps, Alonzo Jefferson 348 

Plummer, Samuel Craig ^21 

Porter, Henry Thomas 352 

Post, Philip Sidney 212 

Preston, Everett Bruce 237 

Price, Edward Root 546 

Puterbaugh, Sabin D 129 

Rauch, John Henry 175 

Reid, John Gardiner 101 



Rhodes, Charles Daniel 

Richards, Alonzo Van Ness. . , 

Risser, Abraham Frank 

Root, George Frederick 

Ross, Leonard Fulton 

Roper, George Stevens 

Roundy, Daniel Curtis. ..... 

Russell, Martin James 

Scott, Lemuel Linnear 

Sexton, James Andrew 

Sherer, Samuel Baldwin 

Skinner, Mark. . . 

Smith, Arthur Arnold 

Smith, George Washington.. . . 

Smith, John Eugene 

Sperry, Anson 

Stiles, Israel Newton 

Stout, Alexander Miller 

Stowe, William Page 

Strong, William Emerson. . . . 

Taylor, William Henry 

Thompson, John Leverett 

Thomson, Frank M 



INDEX. 



62 3 



Troy, Lewis Lucas 464 

Trumbull, James Lewis 180 

Underwood, BenjaminWinslow, 395 

Waite, Charles 377 

Walker, John Crawford 398 

Wallace, Thomas 194 

Walworth, Nathan Halbert. ... 132 

Washburne, Elihu Benjamin... 41 

Waterman, Richard 477 

Welch, Deming Norris 15 



White, Frank Harvvood 138 

White, James Gushing 164 

White, Julius 69 

Williams, Abram 301 

Winterbotham, John Russell. .. 115 

Wood, Joseph Hooker 556 

Woods, Arthur Tannett 141 

Worthington, Edward Stanley.. 36S 

Wright, Thomas Seaman 178 



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