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OF NEW LONDON, COiWi^ -. ^ ^ 

The principal object of this Memoir is, to coniijine in one narrative the 
memorials that exist of liie father, son, and grandson, — worthy n-iinistcrs 
of tlie Gospel, of three generations. Tnlike most of tlic families of the 
early emigrants to New England, the male branch in this line of the 
Adams family runs out, and the name becomes extinct in the sixth gen- 
eration. This allows of more unity and completeness in the Memoir, 
tiian can be obtained in those genealogical histories which spread out as 
they descend, enlarging and interlacing, till they become so complex and 
various, as to be almost if not altogether inextricable. 

The sources whence information lias been derived, when not indicated 
either in the te.xt or notes, are town and church records, principally of 
New London, but occasionally of other places in the vicinity of New 
London ; with some aid from tradition. This last source, however, has 
not been relied on for any date, or for any fact of inip(Htance. 

New London, January, 1819. 

The name oC William Ada:\is is lound on a list of the 
inhabitants of Ipswich, Afass., in 16 12.* lie has not l)ecn 
saiisl'actofily traced any fariher backward. William Adams, 
of Cambridge, 16S5, made freeman 13 Dec, lG39,t may 
have been the same man ; l)ut of this no proof has yet l)een 

Fell's Ip^uicli, p 10. t FaniifT. 

4th s. — VOL. r. 1 

Memoir of the Rev. JVUliam Jldams. 

A gcneial subscription of inhabitants at Ipswich, in De- 
cenibci', 10 IS, contains tlie names of WilHam Adams and 
William Adams, Jun. William Adams died in 1661. Wil- 
liam Adams, Jiin. died in January, 1659.* It may be assum- 
ed witli probability that these persons were father and son. f 
A comparison of other facts makes it also tolerably clear 
that William Adams, Sen. had three sons who lived to man- 
hooil, and probably left posterity, viz : — 1 . William, who 
died 1 6.^9. 2. Nathaniel, ascertained by Farmer to be 
son of William, Sen. 3. Samuel, of Ipswich, 1665. (^Vidc 

The Rev. William Adams, an esteemed minister of Dod- 
ham (ordained 1673), was undoubtedly the son of William 
Adams, Jun. In a Journal, kept by him, and subsequently 
to be copieil in this Memoir, he refers to uncles N. A. and 
S. A., who appear to have been the guardians of his minor- 
ity. This coiresponds with our statement of the family. Pie 
mentions also a brother by the name of John ; and this 
allows us to proceed a step farther in our list. William 
Adams, Jan., who died 1659, left two sons, viz.: — 1. Wil- 
liam. 2. John. The following Memoir will attempt to trace 
the line of the first named of these sons. 

William Adams was born 27 May, 1650. We have his 
own authority for this date. He does not say where this 
event took place ; but in all probability it was at Ipswich. 
From an allusion in his Journal to his " grandmother Stan-,'' 
it may be supposed that his mother bore that name; but 
nothing more respecting her family has been ascertained. 
If the foregoing statement of his paternity be correct, he 
was left an orphan at the age of nine years. His means 
were slender; but being exceedingly desirous of a liberal 
education, he was assisted by his relatives to enter Harvard 
College, and was giaduated at that institution in 1671. He 
came from thence with the esteem and respect of his teach- 
ers, and with a character for integrity, learning, and" piety, 
that gave a jjleasing promise of future usefulness. A con- 

* Farmer. 

t '•William Adams, aged 15," cnil)arked for America inllie " Elizabeth it Ann," 
Miy, lii:!."). No oiinr passonrrer of the name of Adams is on the list of eniiirranls at 
tliat lime. It ma, b • worth inquiry, if this were not William Adams, Jun., of Ips- 
wich, left hc'hinJ liv lii-J parents, in their emigration, and now cominn-'out to them. 
Si'e fili-anini^rs, liy .I.ime.s Suva^'e, Ks(i., Hist, ('oil., 'M Series, Vol. VJII. p. '2G!?. 

JSIcmoir of the I\cv. IVilliam Jldams. 7 

temporary testimony ranks him " among the choicest of the 
ripe liuits of this young generation " ; * tliat is, of the gener- 
aiiim born and educated in the kmch He was subsetjuently 
settled in tlie work of the ministry at Dedharn, being or- 
dained 3d Dec. 1673. As a scholar and llieok^gian, his 
attainments were, for that age, highly respectable; and as a 
man and a pastor, he ap[)ears to have been amiable in man- 
ners and assiduous in duty. He therelbre accjuiied the love 
of his people, and, lor so young a man, the esteem and con- 
lidence of his clerical brethren, in a more than common 
degree. His work on earth, however, was soon completed ; 
tlie duration of his ministry was less than twelve 3 ears. He 
died in Dedham, 17 Aug., 1GS5. Such is an outline of the 
life of this interesting young pastor. Biief as is this memo- 
lial, the biography of the greater part of our first generation 
of ministers occupies even a shorter space. Of many of them, 
it is only known that they lived so long, and died infailh. 

13ut with respect to Mr. Adams, we can happily go more 
into detail ; lor time and barbarism, which have destroyed 
so many oi the precious writings of our Puritan ancestors, 
have spared to us a memorial of his life, which leads us for- 
ward, day by day, slowly but agreeably, thi'ough the most 
interesting portion of his earthly career. We allude to a 
Journal, or Diary, kept by himself, and not hitherto printed, 
but caret'iilly preserved, lirst by his son, the Rev. Eliphalet 
Adams, oi New- London, Conn., since by the descendants 
of the latter, and now in the possession of the Rev. Robert 
A. Hallam, Rector of St. James's Church, New London. f 
This Journal is written in a small blank volume, which once 
had clas|)s, and is bound in black leather. It contains, per- 
liaps, 400 pages, of which the Journal covers only fifteen. 
The quantity of matter is, however, considerable ; for it is 
closely written in a small, compressed hand, with every let- 
ter neatly formed, and the whole fair, and studiously correct. 
The remainder of the volume is blank papei", except -at the 

• See the admirable " Cenlennial Discourses" (if the Rev. Dr. Lamson, of Ui?(i- 
liaiii, (1.40. Tlic passajje quoti'd is; from tin; I'lvfacf lo a Fast Sermon Ijy IMr. 
Adams, pnnclu'd and jjriiilcd in lllTS; wliioh I'ref.icc was wiillcn by " Mr. Samuel 
'r.iiny iif Wcymouili, and Jo-iaii I'lynl of Dorclioslcr, falli(r of the cikbiaU'd Tutor 

rlyut " I ill, l..l;l,^..|l. 

I Mr. Italian; la a lineal Jc^jcend.inl, lliruii^'li funr iiilcrvi nin^' j^eneralions, of ihu 

8 Memoir of the Rev. JViUiam Adams, 

latter end, where his son i^^liplialet, reversing tlie book, com- 
menced a similar jouinal, but did not pursue it beyond a 
sin^-;le page. 

This Juurnal is a charming domestic relic of our country's 
youth. It will be found interesting, not only by those who 
have an anticpiarian taste, but by general readers. As a 
coeval delineation of manners and customs, illustrations of 
which are unconsciously interwoven with the artless narra- 
tive, it is not without value. But its characteristic feature 
is, that it quietly sets before us the sober, every-day varia- 
tions in the life of the young student, and the domestic his- 
tory ol the minister, with the vivid, unexaggerated accuracy 
of a rellection. The simplicity of the details, and the very 
minuteness of some of them, invests the narrative with an 
additional charm, at this distance of time. 

\Vith these remarks, we introduce at once the Journal, 
which is inscribed on the fly-leaf, — 

William Adams, 

His Book. 
Nov. 10. 1G70. 

p. 1. Anno Christi 1650 
May 27. I was born a sinner into an evil world. 

p. 2. Anno 1666 

June 11. I first went to school to Mr. Andrews: abode 
with him till Aug. 10. 16G7. 

1GG7, Aug. 13. I came down to Cambridge to y' com- 
encement, sought for admission into colledge, could not 
obtain it, pecuniae deerant. 

Au. 14. I returned home, lived a disconsolate month at 

Sept. 20. I came to Cambridge again v^^ith my uncle 
N. A. 21. I was admitted into Colledge. 

Nov. 22. 1 went home to Ipswich afoot. 

27. I returned to Cambridge upon Mr. D. Epps's horse, 
was lost in Charlestowne woods and lay in y' woods all 
night, so bewildered I took N. for S. and contra. 

IGGS, June 1 G. I went to Wenliam afoot, lodged y' night 
with Mr. Mighill at Wenham ordinary. 

Memoir of the Rev. IVUllani JIdanis. 9 

17. I went fi'om thence to Ipswich. 

July 9. I went to Salisbury, y" 11th 1 leturned to Ips- 
wich and then first heard y'= sad news ol" y' i'amous Air. 
Mitchell's death, who died y' 10th, leaving Cambr. to a long 

17. I returned to Cambridge, my brother John accom- 
panying me most part of the way to carry back the horses. 

November sometime 1 went w ith JMr. Corlet * to Rowley, 
were out 4 days 3 nights, 
p. 3. Anno 16C9. 

JMarch 20. I went to Wenham y next day, being Sab- 
bath ; after sermon I went to Ipswich. 

25. Was a public fast. After y' fast about one of y" 
clock at night I went aboord Prince's bark to come to 

26. Had a brave passage, came into Boston about 4 of 
y'' clock in y'' afternoon. I came to Cambridge that night. 

October 5. I went to Swanzey with my dear friend Mr. 
Hez : Willet. 

8. We came back to Cambridge. 

14. I lieard of the death of my grandmother Starr, who 
died Oct. 9. 

23. I went to Ipswich with my uncle S. A. 

30. I came to Cambridge with T. Stair to carry back 
y" horse. 

Jan. 18. I went with my dear friend II. W. to Dedham. 

19. We went from thence to Swansey. I fell into Ne- 
ponset river with one of my feet, it was a bitter cold day. I 
iVoze my finger and H. W. his ear; we both had a fall. 

24. We came back to Wading river ; 25. to Cambridge. 
1G70. I\Iarch 30. I went to Swans : with Mr. J. Willet. 
April 1. I came back alone to Dedham. 2. to Cam- 

May 6. I went to Ipswich to carry Seth Flint to School 
to Mr. And : 

10. I returned to Cambridge. 

18. I went to Swans : with H. W. 26. Came alone to 

27. II. W. came down to Camb. to the hazard of his life. 

" Collet, Iliu feiluw-bludL'lil, bull ol lliu filUlOUS [ILclj^^rogUC. 

10 Memoir of the Rev. JFil/iani Jldams. 

Aug. 10. Were at M. St. — y" 2 incomparable sist. the 
2 Pules about which y' sky of excellency is turned. 

11. I went to Boston, sweat excessively, y^ night first 
lodged there. 

12. I went to Ipswich with some scholars. 

17. 1 went to Salisbury. 19. Came back to Newberry. 

20. I came to Ipswich. 25, to Boston, so to Cambridge. 

Sept. 27. I received a note Irom Mr. Nowell to Mr. 
Danforth for 3^ due for y' monitorship, and also 3^ out of 
Mr. Web's house. 

2S. I gave the note to Mr. Danf. received one of him 
to Mr. Greenlif, Dyer for 3^ pound out of Mr. Web's house. 

29. I received 30' cash of Mr. Greenlif upon y note 
fores'd. I borrowed H. W's bed and some books* of Capt. 

Octob. 6. I received of Mr. Saflin 1-^ 14^ 0^- for Mr. 
Danf. upon y' full dues of II. W's account. 

13. I received of Mr. Greenlif y" remainder of y" fore- 
said note and gave him a receit : bought a Gouldman's 
Dictionary, cost 27" I paid to Mr. Danf. 1^ 14" 0' the full 
dues of II. W's account, and received a full discharge. 

14. My uncle Bu. came to Cambr. brought 2 cows, and 
gave them me W were turned in to Mr. Danf. 

15. I went with Mrs. E. W. to ten mile river. 

16. Sabbath day we went to Rehoboth, heard Mr. N. H. 
at night went to Swanzey, and there I met with my long 
unseen friend Mr. H. Willett. 

p. 4. Anno 1670. 

October 8. I returned to Cambr. alone yet wanted no 

27. I was at Boston, saw a thief and an Indian hanged : 
the Indian turned ofT singing. I set my hand for a wit- 
ness to a deed sealed and subscribed by Mr. John Sallin. 
I gave to Mrs. Saflin a discharge of Hezekiah Willet's 
accounts in Coll. from Mr. Dan : Stew : 

Nov. 2. I saw my good friend Penom. in a miserable 
exigency and writing a letter to ease his mind w*^ at night 
he covertly sends to Ai-est. and great part of that night he 
passed without sleep, and y' next day very restlessly. 

4. J. (J. came to Penom with such news wherewith he 
was appalled ; committed his thoughts to writing, j)assed 
y' whole night without a wink of slecj). 

Memoir of the Rev. ] Villi am Jldams. 11 

5. Penom went to J. G. witli y'' writing in his liand, 
w*^ J. G. did &c. 

6. Tim Sabbatii day, y*" whole day my good iVicnd 
Penom was sorely exercised in iiis mind, besought the 
throne of grace with teares and earnest prayers to be 
directed, and to be taught submission to y" will of God, 
going to the house of (iod receives it, records his sub- 
mission, prayes that he may receive strength to perform it, 
for he distrusts himselfe : at nigiit he is put upon y" Iryall, 
receives a charge that he must yield, he quietly submits, 
returns praise to God for his great goodness and mercy to 
Jiim, betakes himselfe to his rest. 

7. Having lost himselfe in y' mazes of divine goodness, 
he applyes himselfe to the Omnijjotent One ; ieavts him- 
selfe with him ; where I also leave him to be guided by 
All-sullicient mercy and enabled to the performance of his 
solemn engagement. 

10. I went to Boston with deacon Chesholmc, was warn- 
ed by him to look for great tryalls erelong, but I have under- 
gone many already, and if these be but preliminaria, well 
may I tremble to think what the penetralia will be. 

12. I began to write out the Charter of i\e\v-England 
for Mr. Thomas Danforth, Assist. 

18. I fmished y" writing out y' Charter of N. E. for 
]\Ir. T. D. 

21. Mr. Danforth wittingly discoursing with me on 
y* liberall Arts, unwittingly instructed me in y'= divine Art. 
That day I went with Mr. Whiting to Nonantum it being 
the day of their removal from thence to Cambr. 
p. 5. Anno 1670. 

Nov. 24. Was a public thanksgiving in y" Massachusets 
Colony in New-England. 

Dece 1. Prime aggressus sum compos, cone, ex ^JN*"i 
ny^Dfl [Ps. cix. 4] tale quid nunquain ante aggressus. 

This day was the first llight of snow this winter it 'being 
hardly over shoes. 

Dec. 7. Conventum fuit Intel- seniorcs Sophistas, ut in 
nostris singulis cubiculis, qui fuimus ex conspiratione nee 
nos nee ullus nostrum lo(iueremur in lingua vernacula, sub 
poena unius oboli, pro unaquaque sententia anglice prolata. 

8. I made an Analysis upon Matthew 24. to y-' 22. verse 

12 .Memoir of Ihe Rev. IViUiam Adams. 

29. I went to Boston from thence to Dorch., detained 
there by y--' weather 3 days and 4 niglils : y" lirst night I 
lodged at Capt. Fost.* with S. Avery who told me of 
many tilings, among y'^ rest of Nic. Flammel Fran : and of 

I^ Fam: &:c. Then I heard of IMr. Flint accepting a 

call there. 

30. 31. Commoratus fui apud M. Mat. 

Jan. 1. I heard Mr. Stougliton preach at Dorch. lodged 
y' night at Capt. Fost. 2. I came by Bost. to Cambr. 

12. J. Taylor sett sail for England to fetch Mr. Oakes : 
that night following and the next were 2 such bitter nights 
I could not keep myself warm in bed. 

Feb. 2. I was at Boston : y' night I lodged at Mr. Danf. 

7. Mr. Symmes pastor of Charlestown interred. 
Anno. 1071 

INIarch 1. Was a fast *at Cambridge and some other 
neighboring churches. 

9. 1 was at Boston. 10. Returned home by Roxbury 
ad visitandu Bowles. 

23. I went to Ipswich afoot with S. S.f 

31. I returned to Cambridge again. 

The 19th of this month began a storm of rain, which con- 
tinued (with very little intervalls of fair weather) till y 3'.' 
oi Aj)ril. So becoming a sad prologue to y" doleful epilogue 
of y" death of y" ever honored and reall friend to piety and 
learning, Francis Willoughby Esquire, Deputy Governor of 
y' Massachusetts Colony in N. E. who dec'- April y" 4th, 
about 4 of y" clock in y' morning. 

7. Francis Willoughby Esquire was solemnly interred 
with y" attendance of 11 foot companys (with y'' doleful 
noise of trumpets and drums) in their mourning posture all 
marching, 3 thundering volleyes of shot discliarged, an- 
swered with the loud roaring of great guns, rending the 
heavens with noise at y' losse of so great a man. 
p. 6. Anno 1671. 

April 11. Mrs. Sarah IManning of Cambridge was mar- 
ried to Mr. Joseph Bull of Hartlbrd. 17. I sent home 
II. W's bedding and other things. 

18. Mr. Bull and his wife went home to Hartford. 

' FosliT is meant. t bewail, afterwards Cliief Justice. 

J\[cmoir of the Rev. IVilliam Adams. 13 

May 0. Our class declaimed their last declamations upon 
y" four languages liebr. Gi. Lat. iMig. and y' 5 senses with 
an oration salutatory and valedictory. 

IG. I went to Ij-iswich for INlr. Thomas Danfoith. 

19. I came to Cambr. attending on y" worshipful Rich- 
ard Saltonstall Esqr. 

26. I wrote out 2 letters for y" worshipful Richard Sal- 
tonstall Escjr. to he sent to y" first and third churches of 
Boston endeavoring to procure a reconciliation between 
them. ])eus Hoc Cuiptum secundet. 

29. I went afoot to Roxbury to Mr. Jos. Eliot about 
y same business, from thence to Dorchest. to Mr. Stough- 
ton, thence to Boston to return my answer to y author at y"" 
Oov. Bellingham's, so home. 

31. ^Vas Court of Election at Boston. Major Levrite 
first chos. Dep. Gov. Mr. William Stoughton then first 
chose IMagistrate. 

June 28. Mrs. Ruth Angier married to Mr. Sam. Cheev- 
ers of IMarblehead. 

July 3. Mr. Vrian Oakes arrived at N. Eng. to y' great 
joy of Cambridge. 

-1. ^ 5. Was a general training at Boston. 

August 2. Was printed our theses for y' commencement. 

S. I was admitted to y" degree of Batchelour of Aits in 
Harvard Colledge in N. E. under y' Reverend Charles 
Chancey President. 

14. I was at Boston when Mr. Torry and Mr. Flint were 
urgent with me to, &c. 

15. I went to Ipswich by Salem. 

IS. I came to Salisbury. 19. I returned to Ipswich. 
This day deacon Chesholme buiied at Cambridge. 

23. 1 returned to Cambridge by Salem. 

26. I\Ir. John Allin pastor of y' church at Dedham died. 

29. ]\Ir. Allin buried — a funeral sermon preached by 
Mr. Thacher. 

Septem. 5. I went to Braintree with Mr. Fl. 7. I re- 
turned to Cambr. 

22. I went to Mr. Oakes his house to dwell. This day 
I was at y" funerall of John Linds of Boston. 

Octo. 8. I set my hand for witness to a bond of John 
Swans to Mr. Sam. Saltonst. 
Irii s. — VOL. I. 2 

14 Memoir of the Rev. JVilliam ./Idams. 

9. About one or two ol" y' clock in y'' mornin^^ Andrew 
13elclier Senr. his house was burned. The same day in the 
evening chd — [Left bhuik.] 

p. 7. Anno 1671 
Octob. 5. I was at Boston and there heard y'' wellcome 
news of y'' welfare and return of my friend Mr. llez. Willet. 

12. I was at Boston, there met with Mr. II. W. I re- 
turned to Cambr. by Roxbury. 

13. I went to Swansey with Mr. II. Willet. 

10. At Uehoboth I heard Mr. N. Newman. 

16. 1 rid out willi some others to see y' strange elTects 

of a violent hurricane y' iiad been on y' of Aug. about 

a mile and a half fiom Uehoboth, cairying about 20 rod in 
breadth, tearing up by y'= roots, or breaking y" bodyes of 
almost all ti-ees within its compasse saving only some small 
and low ones, and it is thought in all probability to have 
gone 15 miles in length. 

19. Was a public thanksgiving throughout y' colonies 
of y Mass: and Plymouth, myselfe was at Rehoboth. 

22. At Swans. I heard Mr. Miles. 

23. From Swansey 1 came with my dear Iriend Mr. 
H. W. to Roxbury, from whence he went to Boston, I to 
Dorchester, lodged with Mr. Flint kc. 

24. I went to Bost. thence to Cambr. thence to Best, 
again — lodged with my dear fiiend Mr. H. Wil. at Mr. 

25. I took my leave of Mr. II. W. who was going to 
Swans, and I to Cambr. where at night 1 set my hand for 
a witness to an indenture w' Mr. Atkinson gave to Capt. 

31. I went to Ipswich with Mrs. Flint of Braintree. 
Nov. 2. I came to Wenham. 3. to Doichester. 4. to 

8. Mr. Oakes ordained pastor of y" church at Cambr. 

9. I and Mrs. Ruth Flint fell into the water at Cambr. 

10. At evening I received a letter from y*" inhabitants at 
AV'estfield to invite me thither to preach, with one from Ma- 
jor Pynchon and another h'om Mr. Clover both in theii- 

11. I went to Boston, lodg'd there with Mr. IT. W. 

. r • itj .;.'■.■• . ; 

" v. 


Memoir of the Rev. IVilUam Jldams. 15 

15. I came to Cainbr. 

i24. Tlic lirst great snow this winter being almost knee 

27. I sent my answer to y"" inhabitants of Westfield by 
Tho. Deney who upo 2S. went up and Sr. Taylor with liim, 
to preach there at present. 

30. I was at Boston, bought Diodati's Annotations. 

Dec. 1. l\Ir. Ciiancey Pres. made a common place upon 
The. 1. Ames. I\Ied. ^ 

p. 8. Anno 1671. 

Dec. 20. I received of Mr. Danforth 6 yards i Searge 
for a wescoat and riding breeches. 

21. Was at Boston. INIr. Oxenbridge and ]Mr. Allin 
were soliciting me for Dedham w Mr. Oakes before had 

Jan. 2. ]\rajor Lusher and Ensigne Fisher being urgent 
with me to preach at Dedham 3, engaged me for one day. 
5. Mr. No. com. placed* 
9. Old Goodman Crackbone of Cambr. died. 

22. I went to Dedham. 23. to Swansey to Mr. Flint's 

21. l^^r. Josiah Flint married to Mrs. Esther AVillett. 

25. We came down to Woodcocks and Wading llivei'. 

26. To Dorchester. 
29. I came to Cambr. 

Feb. 17. I went to Dedham, lodg'd at Mr. Dwight's. 

18. Primo concionatus sum apud Dedhamitenses quod 
prius nusrjuam fecissem. In y'' morning I thought I went 
like the fool to the correction of y" stocks, but at night by 
y" gracious presence of God with me y' day in such a sol- 
emn work as before I had not been exercised in, I had great 
cause to praise God for his gracious assistance and regard 
of me his poor unworthy ci-eature, and have cause of deep 
humiliation for my unaYiswerable deportment to all his kind- 
nesses toward me. 

[Here is a line in short-hand.] 

19. I came to Cambr. w' day y' Reverend Mr. Chancey 
Pres. of Harvard Coll. in Cambr. departed this life about '1 
or 5 of )'"' cloik in y' afternoon. 

21. Mr. Chancey Pres. interred. Mr. Oakes turned his 

16 ^Memoir of the Rci\ William Adams. 

lecture into a funeral sermon on y' 2. Kings 2. 12. ]\lr. 
Nowell Soci. made a I'uneral oration in y" hall. 

2S. I was at Watertown Lecture, when I came home at 
iii;j,lit Ensigne Fisher and Sergeant Avery were come from 
Dedham to me with a call Irom y' church lor me to come 
to them in order to future settlement, w' call was by them 
representee^ to me as fully unanimous, none opposing, all 
willing to wait some time, only one desiring y' I should 
come immediately. 

29. 1 was at Boston, at night went to Dorchester. 
Anno 1672. 

March 1. I returned to Boston, so to Charlestown 
Lecture, thence home. 

21. I was at Boston where at ]\Ir. Allin's, Major Lushei', 
Serj. Avery, Ens. Fish, urged me for an answer to y" Ch. 
call to w" I answered y^ all I could say at present was to 
entreat them y^ yy would turn their eyes another way for 
y' I could not give them any encouragement concerning me, 
neither finding my mind inclined to take upon me at present 
y^ work nor seeing the providence of (iod clearly directing 
me thereto. 

p. 9. Anno 1672. 

]\Iarch 21. But if I must give a positive answer I should 
desire further time : wherefore I must meet them there 
again April 1 1. 1672. 

25. 1 wiitt a letter for y' Governor and Mr. Saltonstall 
draw up by Mr. Gobbet to be sent to Mr. Knowlcs for him 
to be Pres. of our Harvard Goll. w' I [A word or two in 

April 11. I was at Boston, at Mr. Oxenbridge's I met 
with Dedham men to give them their answer which was to 
this eflect : — That considering their respect as shown to 
me and their unanimity in their call, I had been ready 
to wish y^ 1 were capacitated to acce\Dt of their motiop, but 
since by the providence of God it was otherwise, I must in 
faithfulness tell them y' I dare not adventure upon this woik. 

18*. I went to Boston, y^ night watcht with ]\Ir. Nowell 
who lay sick at Gharlestown of a leaver. 

lAlay 20. 1 went to Braintree to carry H. O. 21. Re- 

22. A fast kept by y" General Court at Boston in y" 

Memoir of the Rcd. IViUkim Jldams. 17 

Court House, y" work carried on by G ministers, IMr. Whit- 
ing, Cobbet, Oxenbriiige, Eliot, Oakes, Mather. 

June 3. Mr. Oakes preached y artillery sermon at 

4. I was taken sick of a lever and ague w" held nie till 
July y" 5th. 

July 8. Dr. Hoare came in from England. 

12. Eider Fro^t of Cambr. died, out of w'" were taken 
6 stones.^ 

13. Died Mr. Alexander Nowel Sen' Fellow of Harv. 
Coll. he lay sick of (as is conjectured) an hectick fever 
above a quarter of a year being most of y" time distempered 
in his head, yet rational a little before his death. 

15. Mr. Nowell buried. Serjeant Avery and Mr. 
Dwight sent from Dedham to discourse with me about a 
renewall of their motion to me. 

Aug. 12. A great Eclipse of the Sun, though not fully 
totall here at Cambridge. 

13. Mr. Vrian Oakes functus ofTicio Pra^sidis admisit 
inceptores ad gradus in artibus. 

18. Secundo concionatus sum apud Dedhamenses tale 
munus nullibi unquam nisi i.^thic aggressus. 

20. 1 went to Ipswich and at Wenham had from Mr. 

Newman the full relation of y' strange death of Thomas 

p. 10. Anno 1672 
— Thomas Whitteridge his wife, who being a woman of no 
commendable life was by a fortune-teller told y' she should 
meet with great trouble, if she escaped with her life : after- 
ward being in great horror, IMr. Richard Hubbard gave her 
several scriptures to consider of. AVhen he was gone she 
turned y" Bible the best part of an hour saying there was 
another scripture if she could find it, w"" \\hat it was or 
whether she found it being unknown to others she clapt the 
Bible too and said she would never look into it more, w" by 
the just judgment of God she never did. At night she told 
her son, a youth about 12 or 13 years at y*^ most, y' it would 
be as y*" fortune teller had said — the boy desired his mother 
y' she would not mind what he had said, for he believed 
that he was a lying fellow, but y' she would mind what was 
said in the word of God. At this woi'd she Hew up saying 
(as some report) He is come ! The door either by her or 

18 ^Memoir of the Rev. JFilliam JJdams. 

of itselfe being o})ened with great violence she ran out. And 
being presently Ibllowed no sight could be had of her, but a 
shrieking or groaning or both was heard. The next morn- 
ing lliere was to be seen a path made thro the thickest 
places of weeds and briars as if a great limber log had 
been drawn there which being followed her coat was found 
therein, and she a little further with her face thrust into 
a little puddle of water not suflicient to cover all her fi\ce, 
lying dead. Quam inscrutabilia judicia Dei! 

Sei>k 15. Concionatus sum Dorchestriie. 

18. Major Lusher, Ens. Fisher, Serj. Avery, Mr. D wight 
came to me with a second call from y'' church at Dedham 
for me to come to settle there at iMay next, and to preach 
as often as may be in y" mean time. 

26. It was referred to some of y" Elders for advice who 
concluded it y' I must go. 

p. 11. Anno 1G72. 
Oct. 13. Concionatus sum Dedhamia3. 

16. ]\Ir. Antypas Newman Pastor of y' Church at Wen- 
ham dyed. 

27. Concionatus sum Dedhami^e, and there gave my 
answer to the Churches second call. 

Nov. 3. Concionatus sum Ipsvici prima diei parte eodem 
die in Ecclesiam ibi admissus. 

13. Major Lusher mortuus. 18. Sepultus. 

24. Concionem habui funebrem qualem qualem Ded- 
hamiai in obitum JMajoris Lusher Armigeri. 

Dec. 3. Interfui diei jcjunii illic, quem Ecclesia cele- 

7. Richardus Bellinghamus, Armiger, Rector Massachu- 
settensis, mortuus.. 

10. Leonardus Hoare, IVIedicinaj Doctor, CoUegii Har- 
vardini PrLeses, Cantabr. N. A. inauguratus. 

17. R. Bell. Rector pnedictus inhumatus. 

2-1. Dies Esurialis publicus, Dedhamiie concionatus 

29. Dorcestria) primus ad mensam domini accessi, post- 
merid. diei parte ibi concionatus. 

Jan. 12. Cantabrigian concionatus sum. 

26. Mrs. Luslier widow of IVIajor Lusher Esq. died. 

Feb. 23. Concionatus sum Dedhamiie. 

Memoir of the Rev. IViUknn JJdams. 19 

p. 12. Anno 1G73. 

iMarcli 13. Bridget Hoaie, daughter of Dr. Leonard 
lloare, President of Harvard Culledge in Canibr. in New- 
Eng. born about 3 of y" clock in y*" afternoon. 

21. The Castle burnt at Boston about a league from 
y'' town. 

23. Concionatus sum Dedhamiiu. 

21. Tlie Church at Dedham y'' 3d time called me to 
come and settle there at IVTay next. 

25. J\Irs. Clarck at Cambridge dyed. 

26. 1 sent a letter to Elder Hunting in answer to y" 
ChTn-ches call. 

April 1. 1 went to Weymouth, heard Mr. Toi-ry. 

20. Concionatus sum Dorcestriic. 

JMay \. Concionatus sum Bostoniie apud Ecclesiam 
Dom' Mather, post-meridiana diei parte. 

7. Mr. Vrian Oakcs preacht y'^ Election Sermon at 

11. I preacht at Dorchester in exchange Avith Mr. Flint, 
Avho preacht at Dedham where his brother Seth lay sick. 
S' Mather preacht y' after part of the day for me at Dor- 

12. Mr. Seth Flint, student of Harvard Coll. in his 
second years standing, died at Dedham. 

14. Mr. Seth Flint interred at Dedham. 

18. Concionem habui Dedhamia^ in memoriam d' Sethi 
Flinta^i, talem isto die Spiritus divini inlluxum expertus ut 
illius in laudem gratiai diviuiC recordari debeam. 

25. Concionatus sum Dedhamiic. 

27. This day (being also my birth day) I removed from 
Cambridge to Dedham to y solemn undertaking of y" min- 
istry there on triall for future settlement. As we were com- 
ing to Dedham my horse stumbled and I had a fall, tho 
I received no hurt ; which caused me to reflect upon myselfe 
whether I had not been something lifted up, y' therq w^ere 
so many come to attend on me, and to adore y'' wisdom 
and grace of God in y' he can and doth elFectually bring 
down high thoughts without bringing any reall hurt to his 

June 2. Mr. Seaborn Cotton preacht y' Artillery Elec- 
tion at Boston. 

20 Memoir of the Rev. JViUiam Jlckuns. 

11. I was at Cambridge Lecture. 

14. I went to Rehoboih to excliangc with Mr. Newman 
y'^ Sabbath, y day following, who came down to see liis 
sister, Mrs. Ruth Flint, who lay very sick almost without all 
hope of life. 16. I returned. 

it. The new meeting house at Dedham raised. 

18. 1 was at a fast at Dorchester. 

19. Mrs. Ruth Flint dyed at Braintree a little before 

•21. I )vas at Braintree at y' funeral of JNIrs. Ruth Flint. 

22. Mr. Watson of Iladley preacht for me one part of 

30. I went to Cambridge. July 1. to Ipswich. 4. to 

5. Concionatus Sarisburiic po-meridiana diei parte. 

7. I returned to Ipswich. 9. to Uedham. 

13. S' Burrough preacht for me in y' afternoon. 

IG. I was at Medfield Leoture. 17. I bought a horse 
for 3^ 

22. At Milton I bought a horse of Capt. Cudworth of 
Situate for 4^ 15" 0' And Ezra Morse had y^ other 3^ 
horse die 23d. 

p. 13. Anno 1673. 

July 29. About break of day in y" morning Mrs. Dwight 
brought to bed of a son which was named Seth. 

August 4. News brought y"^ New York is taken by 
y'^ Dutch. 

19. The Church at Dedham passed a vote to desire me 
to joyn to them in order to future settlement. 

Sept. 5. I went to Ipswich with Ensigne Fisher»for my 
dismission. 9. We returned. 

28. I was admitted into y"' church of Dedham by dis- 
mission from Ips. 

29. The Church and inhabitants of Dedham agreed to 
give me y*" summe of 100^ money or money's worth towards 
y purchase of a habitation for my settlement, to be paid at 
3 moths warning. 

Oct. 8. Concionatus sum Medfieldice die Mercurii. 

12. The Ch. at Dedham gave me an actual call to office. 
19. I yielded myselfe to tliem in acceptance of their call. 
Dec. 3. I was ordained Pastor of y Church of Christ in 

Memoir of the Rev. William Jldams. 21 

Dedham, I\Ir. Wilson giving y' charge, Elder Hunting and 
Deacon Aldis joyning in laying of hands : j\Ir. Danforth of 
Koxbury gave y right hand ol fellowship. 

Jan. 30. I was admitted to the freedom of y' Common- 
wealth of the Massachusetts. 
Anno 1G74 

Oct. 21. I was married to Mary INIanning of Cambi'idge. 

Nov, 11. I entered into Mr. Allin's house w" I hired of 
I\Ir. Dudley. 

23. ]\Ir. Danfoi'th of Roxbury buried. 

Dec. 23. Mr. Nehemiah Hubbard ordained at Cambr. 

30. Mr. John Oxenbridge buried at Boston. 

Anno 1G75. — Bella, Indica bella ! 

Aug 10. Admissus fui ad secundum gradum in Artibus 
in Coll. Harvard, in Cantabr. in Nov.-Anglia sub reverendo 
Vriano Oakes Pra^side pro tempore. 

Nov. 12. My daugliter Mary* was born just at y^ end of 
the day about 6 or 6 of the clock. 
Anno 1676. 

April 7. Capt. Gookin, Mr. Danforth, Mr. Stoughton, 
magistrates, and Mr. Eliot of Roxbury were thrown out of a 
boat into water and strangely preserved. 

10. Gov. Winthrop of Connecticut arrived in Boston. 

13. IMy daughter Mary dyed about 7 or 8 of y' clock at 

p. 14. Anno 1677. 

March 26. My son Eliphalet (so named from y" Lord's 
special preservation and deliverance of him and his mother 
from y' danger yy were both in at his birth) he was born 
about 2 or 3 hours before day. 

Dec. 24. J\Ir. Thomas Shepard of Charlestown, y' wor- 
thy servant of Christ in y' ministry, and Son to y" famous 
j\lr. Shepard of Cambr. was buried, who dyed of y' small 
pox then rife at Charlestown. 
Anno 1678. 

Jan: 17. IMy son William was born 3 or 4 hours within 


Anno 1679. — June 24. My dear and loving wife de- 
parted this life after we had been married and lived together 
4 years and 8 months, whereby I am bereaved of a sweet 

4th s. — vol.. I. 3 

22 Memoir of the Rec. JVlUiam Mams. 

and pleasant companion and left in a very lonely and soli- 
tary condition. 

Aui^ 15. INFy son William deceased about 1 of y" clock 
in the morning, being about 7 months uld. 

Anno IGSO. — iMarch 27. I was married to Alice Brad- 
ford daughter to I\Iajor William Bradford of Plimouth. 

Febr. 23. My daughter Elizabeth was born 2 or 3 
hours before daylight. 

Anno 1681. July 2-1. Mr. Vrian Oakes Pastor of y^ 
Ch. at Cambr. and President of Harvard Coliedge died. 
Anno 1 682. 

April 3. Afy daughter Alice was born 2 or 3 hours before 

[This is the last entry in the handwriting of Mr. Adams. 
The following items are adtled by another hand.] 

Dec. 17. IkHwixt 10 and 11 in the morning, in the year 
1683 was William Adams born. 

Mr. William Adams died AL>g. 17. 1685. 

Abiel* Adams was born Dec: lo. 1685 after her father's 

Here ends the MS. Journal, from which we derive the 
following table of the family of Mr. Adams. 

William, b. 27 May, 1650 ; ordained minister of Dedham 
3 Dec, 1673; m. 21 Oct., 1674, JMary Manning of Cam- 
bridge. Their children were — 

1. JMary, b. 12 Nov., 1675; obiit 13 Ap., 1676. 

2. Eliphalet, b. 26 March, 1677. 

3. William, b. 17 Jan., 1678-9; ob. 15 Aug., 1679. 
]\rrs. Afary, wife of the Rev. Wm. Adams, ob. 24 June, 

1679. — He m. 2. Alice, d. of Major William Bradford of 
Plymouth, 29 March, 1680. Their Children were — 

4. Elizabeth, b. 23 Feb., 1680-1. 

5. Alice, b. 3 Ap., 1682. 

6. William, b. 17 Dec, 1683. 

7. Abiel* b. 15 Dec, 1685. 

Mr. Adams nowhere in his Diary mentions the amount of 

* Identical witli .Uiinh, which is tlic more common feniinine name. In a registry 
of baptisms, kept |iy the Rev. Kriphalct Adams, of New London^ instances occur in 
wiiich lie regisliiiil liie name .iliiel , which, in tlie town record of hirtlis, is entered 

Memoir of the Rev. JVillUim Adams. 23 

salary given him by his congregation at Dediiani. Dr. 
l.anison, in liis Centennial Discourses, stales that he re- 
ceived but GO pounds annually, and that one year he relin- 
quished 8 pounds of this moderate stipend, on account ol' 
expenses incurred by the town during Philip's war. 

From the same source we derive the lollowing fact, illus- 
trative of his patient assiduity in the investigation of divine 

" In a book afterwards used for the Parish Records, and 
still preserved, he began, a little more than two years before 
his death, an exposition of the Fii'st E[)i.stle of Paul to Tim- 
othy, which he did not live to linish. J lis commentary is 
exceedingly elaborate and minute ; and though it proceeds 
no further than the tenth verse of the fust chapter, covers 03 
quarto pages, in ]\Ir. Adams's peculiarly small and compact 

Mr. Adams published, during his ministry, two sermons : 
1st. A Sermon on a day of General Fast, 21 Nov., 1G78. 
2d. An Election Sermon, 27*May, 1G85. 
Of these discourses, the accomplished historian and critic, 
repeatedly quoted, says, in substance, that they are emi- 
nently practical, and breathe throughout a serious, devout, 
and fervent spirit. " The language is juu-e Saxon English, 
and has at times much force and vigor, though plain and 
unadorned." * 

Alice, relict of the Rev. William Adams, was married in 
168G to Major James Fitch, of Norwich, Ct,, being his sec- 
ond wife. Eight children were the issue of this marriage. 
IVIajor Fitch had a large landed estate in the eastern part of 
Connecticut. He resided in Norwich till about 1G9G or 
1 697, when he removed to Canteibury, where, at a place 
on the Quinnabaug river called Peagscomsuck, he had pre- 
viously laid out some farms, and established tenants. He is 
considered the first settler of Canterbury, to which place it 
appears to have been his original design to give the name of 

" " A History of the First Cliiircli and Parisli in Ucdljiim, in Tiirce Discourses, 
dolivert'd on occasion of tlie completion, Nov, IS, IdlW, of the Second Century since 
the L''itlierin<r of said Cliurcli. liy A Ivan Lanison, D. U., I'aslor of tlie First Church 
in Di'dham." 

t In a liecd of Iti')'.', on record in New London, Major Fitch, styles himself " of 
Kent, alias I'lM^iCoui^jUck." 

24 Memoir of the Rev. William Adams. 

In the family of Major Fitch, under the care of their 
mother, it is {)robable that most of the children of ]\[r. Adams 
passed tiieir childhood and youtii. As IMajor Fitch had six 
children by his first wife, only one of whom is known to 
have died in infancy, and Mrs. Adams could bring with lier 
five fiom Dedham, including her step-son, Eliphalet, and to 
this number eight more were subsequently added, it may 
be imagined that this overllowing household would occasion- 
ally exhibit some stining scenes, especially when they were 
all collected, of a winter evening, around a large New Eng- 
land fire. If, at such a time, two or three sleigh-loads of 
former companions from Norwich, gliding forth with merry 
bells to visit their friends in the wilderness, should drive uj) 
and pour in upon them, it is tolerably certain tliat feasting 
and sport would wear out the night, and that the noise, mo- 
tion, and mirth would be sufiicient to shake the stout plank 
floor, and to make the naked rafters quiver. Nor would the 
ancestral shadows, that llitted ^unseen around them, wholly 
frown on such a scene. The Puiitan settlers of l>ie\w Eng- 
land had more genial traits in their character than have been 
depicted in their portraits ; and had the ancestors of these 
young people, — the upright Bradford, the venerable Fitch, 
and the youthful, but precise and irreproachable Adams, — 
been upon the spot, they would doubtless have blessed the 
feast and partaken of it, and while the other festivities pro- 
ceeded, have sat in the next room, listening with compla- 

Elizabeth, the oldest surviving daughter of the Rev. Wil- 
liam Adams, after her father's death, had been taken into the 
family of her mother's uncle, John Richards, Esq., of Boston, 
and by him educated.* It was, however, at Norwich that 
she became acquainted with her future husband and that 
her marriage took place. 

Samuel Whiting, son of the Rev. John Whiting, fourth 
minister of Ilaitford, after graduating at Harvard University, 
prepared for the ministry by studying with the Rev. James 
Fitch, of Norwich, lather of Major James Fitch. IMr. Whit- 
ing was one of the last pupils of that aged disciple. The 
infant settlement of Windham, lying north of Norwich, en- 

• Tliis ia staled in an obituary notice of tlie lady. 

Memoir of the Rev. William Jldams. 25 

gaged his services as a minister in 1692. He cast in his lot 
among them, kept the people together in one llock, gathered 
a church, and was ordained its first minister 4 Dec. 1700.* 
The Rev. Samuel Whiting, 4 Sept., 1696, was married at 
Norwicli to Elizabeth, dauglitcr of the Rev. William Adams, 
of Dedham. She had then numbered but fifteen years and a 
hall", — an age sadly prematuie to be invested with the cares 
and solenmities that devolve upon the wife of a laborious 
country pastor, and to be set up for a model to the whole 
parish for sobriety of demeanour, discreet conversation, and 
skilful housewifery. The fact itself is an attestation of supe- 
rior merit, showing that she was sedate, wise, and accom- 
plished beyond her years. They lived together twenty-nine 
years, and had thirteen children, eleven of whom, if not 
more, were living at the time of Mr. Whiting's decease, 27 
Sept., 1725. 

Several of these children became in after life distinguished 
persons. Col. William Whiting, the oldest son, commanded 
a colonial regiment during the war with the French on our 
northern frontier, and was noted for his personal bravery 
and noble military bearing. Anecdotes of his great strength 
and martial prowess are still related in the neighbourhood 
where he lived. His stature, it is said, was tall, his hame 
robust, with great breadth of chest, and a voice like the roar 
of a lion for loudness. He could give out words of com- 
mand which might be distinctly understood at the distance 
of a mile. 

John, another son of the Rev. Samuel and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Whiting, received a liberal education, and was setUed in the 
ministry over the Second Society of Windham (Scotland 
Parish). After a few years he relinquished preaching, and 
sustained the oflices of Judge of Probate and colonel of a 

A third son of this family, JVatlian, also bore the title of 
Colonel. Though descended from a peaceful stock, they 
appear, as a family, to have had a strong tendency to mar- 
tial pursuits. Tradition asserts that the eminent mother of 
these heroes had, at one time, during the French war, six- 
teen sons and grandsons who held commissions in the army. 

Trumbull, Hook 1. Cli. ID. 

26 Memoir of the Rev. EHphalct Jldams. 

Mary, youngest daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Whit- 
ing, born 24 Nov., 1712, was married to her lather's suc- 
cessor in the ministry at Windham, viz., the Rev. Thomas 
Clap, 23 i\ov., 1727. She was even younger than her 
mother when she entered into the marriage state, and 
scarcely past childhood, wanting a day of being fifteen yeai's 
of age. She dieil 9 Aug., 1736, leaving two daughters, — 
IVIary (married to David Wooster of New Haven) and Tem- 
perance (married to Timothy Pitkin, of Farmington). Mr. 
Clap, in 1749, was chosen President of Yale College. 

Elizabeth, relict of the Rev. Samuel Whiting, after re- 
maining a widow twelve years, was married, in 1737, to the 
Rev. Samuel Niles, of Braintree, Mass. The death of I\Ir. 
Niles, 1 May, 1762, left her to a second widowhood. She 
then removed to New Haven, the residence of her youngest 
child. Col. Nathan Whiting, and there lived till her death, 
21 January, 1767. Her offspring at that period amounted 
to 160. This lady has left among her descendants the rep- 
utation of an eminent woman, — able, resolute, and pious. 

Alice, second daughter of the Rev. William Adams, of 
Dedham, was married, 19 Feb., 1701, to the Rev. Nathaniel 
Collins, first minister of Enfield, Mass. It was at the house 
of Mr. Collins that his brother-in-law, Mr. Whiting of Wind- 
ham, while paying a visit, was taken sick and died, Sept., 
1725. IMrs. Alice CoUins died 19 Feb. 1735.* 

Of JVllliam, youngest son, and jJbiel, youngest daughter 
of the Rev. William Adams, very little is known ; the prob- 
ability is that neither of them left posterity. William, as is 
leained from the fragment of a journal begun by his brother 
Eliphalet, was, in 1699, in a state of helpless infirmity. 

Eliphalet, oldest son of the Rev. William Adams', and 
only surviving issue by his first wife, Mary Manning, has 
been purposely reserved to be mentioned last, not only be- 
cause more could be said of him, but because it is only in 

* The dales of niarria^ro and dealli of Mrs. (Collins, and liliL-wisc the dates of iiiar- 
riay;e and dealli oI'Mid. Clap, before given, were kindly coinniunicated by Nallianiel 
Goodwin, Lscj., of llarlford. 

Memoir of the Rev. Eliphalcl JhJams. 27 

his line that the name of tlie lather is continued, and this 
memoir will be brought down to the present generation. 

His youth appears to have been almost a copy of that of 
his father. He was left an orphan at the same age, with 
poverty, balanced by kind friends, for his portion. By the 
assistance of those friends he obtained an education, and 
graduated at Harvard College, 1694. It has been already 
mentioned, that, in the MS. volume which contains his 
father's Journal, he had commenced a similar record. The 
plan was i)ursued but for a very short period. What was 
written will be here given verbatim. 

Eliphalet Adams 
His Book Anno 1699. 

Anno 1677. IMarcli 26. I was born a sinner into an 
evil world. 

1679. June 24. My Mother died. 

1685. Aug. 17. My Father left this evil world and left 
me an orphan to God's Providence and a wide world. 

1696 Nov. 20th. I came first to Little Compton to 
preach amongst y'" 

1698 July 12. I was put in to be an Indian preacher 
by the Gentlemen who have the oversight of y' work. 

1699. iMay. I preached my first sermon to the Indians 
in their own language, with fears lest I should be a Bar- 
barian to y"' but yy told me yy understood it well and ac- 
cepted it thankfully. 

Aug 28. I went to Conn^ to see my friends where the 
sight of my poor brother William (who is so weak as y' he 
can neither stand nor go) damped my comforts y*^ otherwise 
I might have had with y" rest. 

Sept. 5. I went with my brother Whiting to Hartford 
where the people of Farmington met with me and gave me 
an earnest invitaUon to come and exercise y"" work of the 
ministry among y'l' 

14. I returned home with safety. 

[Here ends the MS.] 

The next fact ascertained in the life of the Rev. Eliphalet 
Adams is, tliLit he was ordained pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church in New London, Conn., 9 Feb. 1708-9. His 

I .;' 

28 .Memoir of the Rev. Eliphalet Mams. 

brother-in-law, the Rev. Samuel AVhiting, of Windham, 
preached on the occasion. His ministry in New London 
continued forty-three years, a period of honor to himself and 
usefulness to the town. 

The Rev. l^liphalet Adams married, 15 December, 1709, 
Lydia, daughter of Alexander and Lydia Pygan, of New 
London. A short digression may here be allowed respect- 
ing the ancestry of Mrs. Lydia Adams. 

Alcxaniler Pygan settled in Now London about the year 
16G6. The record of his marriage states that he was from 
Norwich, Old England. His conduct at hrst was not such 
as would lead to the supposition that he emigrated for con- 
science' sake, thou2;h in tlie end he settled down into a dis- 
nified magistrate and a sober Puritan. He was several times 
presented by the jurors, and arraigned before the courts, for 
ollences against law, order, and morality. One of the com- 
plaints entered against him was by Rebecca Redfyn, " for 
enticing away her daughter's alTections contrary to the laws 
of this corporation." On this charge he was dealt with and 
amerced by the county court. Whether the interference 
of the mother and the magistrates had the natural eflect of 
enhancing the desire of the young people to be united is 
not known, but the nuptials were solemnized very soon 
after the presentment. " Alexander Pygan from Norwich, 
Old England, was married on the 17th of June 1667 to 
Judith, the daughter of William Redfin." * 

Mr. Pygan's irregularities did not entirely cease with his 
marriage. In 1670, he was presented "for strange and 
passionate distempered carriage in his house." On this 
charge he was acquitted. In 1673, he was indicted "for 
presumptuous and illegal carriage in shooting the horse of 
Mrs. Ann Latimer": damages laid at thirty shillings. He 
was fined and bound over to good behaviour. At the same 
session of court, he was amerced for selling liquor to In- 
dians. But here his oflences seem to have terminated. 

He was a man of great activity and enterprise in business. 
He established a tannery at the north end of the town, on 
the Mill Brook, and engaged largely, for the day, in mer- 

• Probably Ut-<llii» should be licdficld. Tlie latter name is still conlinuod ; the 
former is unknown to llie place or its vicinity. 

J\lcmoir of the Ilcv. Eliphulet Adams. 29 

chaiidise. He had at one time a shop in Norwich, and sold 
goods extensively in \Vindliani and other places. 
By his wife Judith he had two daughters : — 

1. Sarah, born 23 Feb., 1GG9-70. 

2. Jane, " Feb., 1G70-1. 

Mrs. Judith Pygan died 30 April, 1G7S. Subsequently, 
]\Ir. Pygan removed to Saybrook, and opened a house lor 
public entertainment. 

" This Court grants a license to Mr. Alexander Pygan to 
retayle wine, sider or Licjuors in Saybrook during the 
Court's pleasure, he sullering no disorder in his house. 
And the youth, or any other inhabitants in Saybrook be 
not entertayned and sup[)lied with drink contrary to law 
or the damage of the town." — Records of Couiilij Court, 
Nov., 1G83. 

While in Saybrook, he entered into a second matrimonial 
connection ; tiie record on the town book ot" Saybrook is as 
follows: — "Alexander Pygan of New London, was mai- 
ried to Mrs. Lydia Hoyes, late wife ot" Mr. Sanmel Boyes of 
Saybrook, April 15. 1G84." 

Alter this, he appears to have returned to his residence in 
New London, where his daughter 

Lydia was born 10 January, 1G84-5. 
This was the only child of the second mairiage. 

Alexander Pygan died in New London early in Sept., 
1700. The inventory ol" his estate amounted to Jt*1372. 
His will is extant in the Probate files of the county. He 
be([ueathed one fourth of his estate and £.'50 more to his 
Avife ; forty shillings in money to his wife's son, Samuel 
Boyes, to buy him gloves and a ring ; and the remaindei' of 
his estate to be equally divided between his three daughters. 

" And whereas I have foj-merly given to each of my daugh- 
ters, Sarah Hallam and Jane Creen, a negro girl, so I do 
hereby declare that I have given unto my daughter Lydia, a 
negro girl commonly called Kate, and it is therefore my will 
that the said Kate shall not be lerkoned oi- valued as any 
part of my estate." 

This testament was signed 12 Aug., 1700. On the 28th 
of August, same year, a codicil is added on account of the 
death of Sarah Hallam, which had intervened. In this 
instiument the bequest to her is revoked, and a legacy of 

4 rir s. — \()i,. I. 4 

30 Memoir of the Rev. Eliphalct Mams. 

£\0 only is left to eacli of her three children, Alexander, 
Edwaril and Sarali. To Alexander he hequeaths also his 
great Bible. 

As Mr. Pygan left no son, this strange name has not been 
continued in our annals. It is not ascertained that any other 
person of tJie name ever emigrated to this country ; nor has 
any relationship of Mr. Pygan with any otlier family been 
traced, except with the Belcliers of Boston. Andrew Bel- 
cher of lioston stood in that uncertain degree of propin- 
quity to Mr. Pygan which was designated by the term 
cousin. They were connected in the way of trade, and in 
their accounts frequently enqiloy this familiar title, as in the 
follow ing receipts : — 

"Boston the 2'"' July 1C98. 

"Then Reckoned with my Cozen Alexander Pygan and 
thare is due to him p' ace' bareing date this day one hun- 
dred and ten pounds eighteen shillings and 3d. — the Bal- 
lance as p' ace' due him " ^{p And"^ Belcher." 

"July 5. 1698. Rec'^ of my Cozen Pigg sixty-six 
pounds money, carried to his credit 

" ^ And^ Belcher." 

This Andrew Belcher is supposed to have been father of 
Jonathan Belcher, who in 1730 was Governor of Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire, and subsequently of New Jersey. 

The New England Weekly Journal, piinted in Boston, 
chronicles the death of Mrs. Pygan, relict of Alexander, in 
the following terms : — 

" i\lrs. Lydia Pygan died at New London July 20, 1734, 
aged 90 years, 4 months and some days. She was born at 
Say brook March 9. 164 I,* and was the first female child 
born in Saybrook : lier mother was a Danlbrth." 

This paragraph was most probably furnished for the 
Journal by Mr. Adams, the son-in-law of the venerable de- 
ceased ; we may therefore assume it to be indubitably cor- 
rect. At the period of her birth, Saybrook could liave been 
little more than a fort. It was sold that year (1644) to 

* It is fviiJcnt IVo.ii llio ago of the laily, tlial lliis ilnti'- cdincidcs with New Style. 
The Kev. LU|iii;ili.l Adams liad a peculiar mode of datiiiir : instead of using tlie 
double (late until .Miirch 2'>, as most of our fathers did, lie continued it only through 
February, and began liis year with March. 

Memoir of Ihc Rev. Elipluilct JJdams. 31 

Connecticut, by INTr. Fenwick ; and very lew lamilies could 
liave settled there previous to 16-15 or '4G. 

It would liLive gi-atilied the antiquarian, it" the journalist 
had i;iven the name of the lather, as well as that of the 
mother, ol" Mrs. Pvgan ; but heie he is silent. Who, then, 
was hei lather ] Some investi;j,ations have been made to 
asceitain this \n)in[, and the result is, that her maiden name 
was probabl} Jh'iitciil, oi' Beaumont. This conclusion is 
grounded on the lollowing premises: — 

'The will of Abraham Finch of Saybiook was exhibited 
and appri>veil in County Court, 1067. Legatees, Lydia 
Bemont and Hannah Edwards. Subsequently, Samuel 
Boyes produced in Court a claim against Ceorge Tongue, 
ot" iVew London, tor fil'ieen ])ounds, tlue to the estate of 
Abraham Finch, which he stated to be a part of the legacy 
given by the said Finch to " Lidra Bcumontt.'" Whereui)on 
tlie Court ordered the said bill to be paid to Samuel Boyes, 
and execution allowed against George Tongue for the same. 
"Petition granted April y 13. 1669." 

It is not positively stated in this transaction that Lydia 
Beaumont had become the wife of Samuel Boyes; but it 
may fairly be inferred tVom the manner in which the two are 
identifiLHl in the claim. The marriage of Samuel Boyes was 
pi-obably recorded in the oldest or hrst book of Saybrook 
Records, which book was destroyed by fire, when the house 
of ]\Ir. Tully, the Town Clerk, was burnt, more than a hun- 
dred years since. All the other records were fortunately 
saved. jMr. Boyes probably died in 1683. The inventory 
of liis estate was exhibited to the County Court in Novem- 
ber of that year, and administration granted to JMrs. Lydia, 
the relict, assisted by Thomas Mecock of Guilford. A divi- 
sion of the estate was also ordeied, viz. : to the widow 
£250 ; to the son, Samuel, i^'380 ; to daughter Dorothy, 

This Dorothy is not at'terwards presented to our notice. 
No reference to her, or to any descended from her, is made 
in the will of her motiier. 

Samuel, son of Samuel Boyes of Saybrook, was born on 
the 6th of Dec-ember, 1673. 

This is found recorded in a small account-book that had 
belonged to the Pygan family. We have but little further 

32 Memoir of ihc Rcc. FJipJuikl Jldams. 

knowledge of tliis person. His family, if he had any, may 
have been registered in IJoston ; for whenever he appears to 
ns, lie belon,i;s to that place. An accpiitiance from Samuel 
iioyes, of Boston, to i-^liphalet and l.ydia Adams, of New 
London, for I'lO devised to him by will of his nujtlier, I\lrs. 
Lydia Pygan, is dated 4th of Jan., 17o7. 

Saiah, the oldest daughter of Alexander Pygan, mariied, 
8 .July, 16S6, Nicholas llallam. 

•lane, tlie second daughter, married, 29 March, KJD'l, 
Jonas Green. As these daughters were by the hi'st wife, 
and not of Adams' blood, they belong no funher to our 
Memoir. It will not be wholly iirelevant to our subject, 
liowever, to state a few facts relative to the family of one 
of them. 

Jonas Crcen was from Pambridge, and probably an older 
brother of the elder Timcjlhy Green, printer, who removed 
from ]5oston to New London in 171 1. Je)nas settled here, 
probal)ly, beforti his nrariiage, and I'emained heie, with the 
exception of one shoit interval, till his death in I 730 or 17;M. 
He had seven children, all born in New J.ondon, except the 
second child. Surah, whom the recoid states to ha\e been 
born at Say brook, 9 Oct., 1C97. This Sarah was married, 
15 June, 1716, to John Adams. 

Pursuing our investigations, we fmd that John and Sarah 
Adams had eight childin-n born and baptized in New Lon- 
don, an<l that they then i-emoved, ai^parently \vith their 
whole family, to Boston. They dated h'om that |)lace in 
17:M. Perha[)s this John Adams, residing here for fifteen 
or sixteen years during the ministry of the Rev. Eliphalet 
Adams, and linking himself in the same circle of connec- 
tions, might have been a near relative of tliat divine, — a son, 
it may be, of John, the brother vi' the Rev. William Atlams, 
of Dedham. 'i'his may be l(,'ft for future in(juiry. 

Chililren of the Rev. I'^liphalet and Mis. Lydia Adams: 

1. William, born 7 Oct., 1710. 

2. Pygan, '^ 27 lAlar., 1712. 

3. Mary, " .0 Mar., 1713-4. 

4. Thomas, baptized 4 Jan., 171,0-6. 

5. Samu.ei, boin 11 Aug., 1717; died, .5 months old. 
^ ^ G. Lyclia, " 20 I'Y'b., 1720; died 17 July, 1721. 
'ilie Rev. J'Jliphalet Adams was an exemplary and tal- 

jMtmoir of the licv. FMphiild Mams. 33 

ented clei-yman. His contemporaries praised him also for 
his learai.i-. Tiie Rev. John lianiaixl, enumeratm- the 
most eminent New England divines that he had personally 
known, characterizes Adams of New London as " a great 
Jfcbrician:'* His published sermons, takmg mto account 
the age, infancy of the country, and other circumstances, are 
line specimens of pulpit elociuence. The io lowing is a list 
of those printed sermons of Mr. Adams which are to be 
found in the library of the Connecticut Historical Society, m 
Hartford. It may not comprise all that he published. 

1. "Clhristians to be ready"; delivered at a Lecture in 
Boston, 170G. 

2. Conn. Election Sermon, 1710. n , • 

3. At the Funeral of the Uev. .lames Noyes, ol Stonmg- 

ton, who died 10 Dec, 1719. 

L Funeral of Gov. Salt<mstall, 172-1 

5. Ordination of the Kev. William Oager, at Lebanon, 

27 ]\Liy, 17-25. ^, ^ ^^ 

G. Ordination of the Rev. .John Owen, at Groton, 22 

Nov., 1727. 

7. Funeral of the Rev. John Bulkley, 1731. 
S. Conn. Election Sermon, 1733. 

9. Death of his wife, 1719. 

10. Death of his daughter, Mrs. INIary Bulkley, 1749 

He was also the audior of a valuable treatise, entitled 
" The Absence of the Comforter mouiiied and lamented. 

i\lr. Adams was a Trustee of Yale College Irom 1720 to 
1738 These dates include that exciting period which lol- 
lowed the secession of Dr. Cutler, Rector of the College, to 
iMVisconacy. The two members of the I acuity h-om New 
1 c)udon, C;ov. Saltonstall and Mr. Adams, were tirmly united 
in counsel and opinion ; and their inlluence upon the Insti- 
tution was very great in that season of trial and perp exity. 

la 17-^3 I\Ir. Adams was elected to the vacant Rector- 
ship t but he declined the odice, doubtless on account ol 
the disturbed state of opinion in the College, which made 
the station one of great labor and responsibility. 

' ^}-^^-^^'^'^^f::\;i:^\^l^!l^,,, Kin-xsVy. Tl.c rrinci,..! of the Clleoe 
inlruiluccd by Uic cl.irter vl \il>. 

3-1 jMcmoir of the Rev. Eliphalct Mtwis. 

IMr. Adams was often resorted to Ibr counsel in cases of 
schism or })crj)le.\ity in the ciiurches of tiie Colony; and he 
also found use lor great wisdom and discretion in managing 
the l)ilk)\vy elements of his own congregation. Hut he had 
a large heart, as well as an expanded mind ; and his intel- 
lect and allections were not wholly exhausted upon his 
parishioners, anil in ecclesiastical councils. He took many 
youths into his lamily, anel prepared them for a collegiate 
course, or for the ministry, or for other departments of life. 
As an instructor, lie was amiable and ellicient. He was 
likewise assiduous in his endeavours to henelit the Indians in 
liis vicinity- In this labor he was a worthy successor of the 
indefatigable Fitch, of Norwich, and led the way for a third 
excellent laborer in this vineyard, the Rev. Mr. Jewett, of 
New London (North Parish). 

j\Ir. Adams had acquired a knowledge of the Indian lan- 
guage, as spoken by the tiibes of Massachusetts, before his 
settlement in New JA)nd6n ; and this gave him great advan- 
tage in his intercourse with the Moheagans, wliose dialect 
was but a variation of the same language. He could 
readily converse with them so as to be understood, though 
in addressing public assemblies he found it necessary to 
secure the services of an interpreter. A Society of Gentle- 
men, in Boston, connected with a body iricorporated in 
Great Britain, for the propagation of the Gospel in New 
Ji^ngland, employed INlr. Adams as their agent with tlie 
Indians in this part of Connecticut. Among his papers is 
found the draft of an address, delivered to a general assem- 
blage of ]\Ioheagans, Sept. 9, 1725, in which he lays before 
them the propositions of the gentlemen of Boston, to have 
them instructed in the principles of the Christian religion, 
and to establish schools among them, in which their children 
might be taught to read and w rite ; " that so you may hve 
more comfortably in this world, and be happy for ever." 
" They will w illingly," he continues, " be at this charge and 
expense for your sakes, and maintain ministers among you, 
who will make it their business to acquaint you with these 
things and teach you every Sabbath." 

The Indians at this time, sad to relate, declined the favor 
intended them, and treated the subject with indilference, if 
not with disdain. No schools or meetings were then estab- 

Memoir of the Rci\ Ellphald Mams. 35 

lislied. From tlie same minutes of l\Ii'. Adums, to wliicli 
wc liave adverted, we learn that he repeated 'the generous 
oilers of the Boston Soeiety, " 7 month, 'a-J," to an assem- 
bly of Indians, " gatliered h'om iMonhagin, Pequod and Ni- 
antiek : — Capt. Tiiomas Avery, Capt. John Mason, and 
Capt. IMorgan interpreting to their understanding." 'I'heir 
reply, though not a refusal, was somewhat evasive. They 
said i\Ir. Fitch of Norwich had formeily j)reached to them, 
but they never well uiulerstood it; they weie afraid they 
should not understand it now, and wished that the preach- 
ing might be deferred till they were able to understand it. 
" Yet," say tiiey, "if at any time a short account of the prin- 
ciples of your religion be given, we will readily hearken, 
to it." 

The oiler of a school they accepted thank hilly, and re- 
quested that it might be established at IMoheagan, ami that 
it might be under the direction of their hiend, Capt. John 
JMason, — the other tribes engaging to send their children 
thither. In these respects their wishes were gratified ; a 
school was forthwith begun, under the teacher of their 
choice. By means of Mason's school, and other advantages, 
a knowledge of the English tongue was soon diOused among 
them, so that many were able to undei-stand common Eng- 
lish preaching to a considerable extent. This was a great 
blow to their heathenish observances. After this period 
they never clung very tenaciously to their peculiar super- 

The ministerial labors of Mr. Adams among the Indians, 
though often intermitted, were as often resumed, and con- 
tinued to the year 1746. I'^or seveial years he made a leg- 
ular annual tour of pi'eaching h'oni tribe to tribe, reporting 
the result to Col. Winthrop and A. Oliver, Esq., active 
members of the Society in Boston. His memoranda, as 
jotted down in his note-book, were, for the year 1738, as 

April 6. Preached at Mohagin to 30 Indians. 

" 25. At Niantick : '20 Inds. 
May 9. AtPecjUot: present above 20 Inds. 
" 22. At Niantick. Only gave a few random exhort- 
ations as most of the Indians were gone to a dance at IMon- 

3G Memoir of the Rev. Eliphaki Mams. 

hngin, ami then to wait on tlie Court of Commissioners at 
Norwich which were to sit next day. 

June G. At Pequot. The Intlians had been above a 
foitui.i^^ht attending the Commission Court at Norwich : the 
Court w as over, and they had returned home. 

June 30. At Niantick. — Indians returned. 

July 18. At Pequot. 

Aug. 15. At Niantick. No Indians at home ; heard the 
scholars read, &;c. — 

Sept. 17. At Mohagin : — above 30 Inds. present. 

Oct. 6. At Mohagin — about 20. 

. I\Ir. Adams appears to have been correct and methodical 
in all his concerns. His church registiy of marriages, bap- 
tisms, and admissions to the church, though crowded into a 
small compass, is probably full and complete. He wrote a 
fair and clelicate hand, often so exceedingly minute as to 
make the diminutive calligraphy of his father appear laige. 
'J'he schedule of a sermon is fiecpiently pressed into a sur- 
face of three or four scjuare inches. He used abridgments, 
breaks, and short-hand in order to save time and space, and 
mnemonieal words to assist his memory. His sermons and 
diafts of letters are rendered by these means almost wholly 
unintelligible. He was an accurate and beautiful copyist ; 
and in his Vade INIecum, interspersed among skeleton ser- 
mons, are found transciibcd whole numbers of the Spec- 
tator, various odes, |)oems, and epitaphs, in Latin and Eng- 
lish, but chielly of a political nature, anecdotes, choice 
scraps, arithmetical problems, and medical prescriptions, 
displaying a wide versatility of taste. 

After the death of lAIr. Pygan, Mr. Adams occupied the 
Pygan homestead with iiis mother-in-law : upon her demise 
it became his own. The house stood on the west side 
of Main Street, at the north end of the town, nearly opposite 
the Mill. The site was elevated, and a Hight of stone steps, 
let into the bank, led up to it. A part of the roof was 
nearly (lat, the other part very sloping. At either end stood 
a tall pine-tree. This venerable mansion, though spared by 
the enemy in the conflagiation of most of the town, G Sept., 
1781, has long been demolished. A single pine-tree, the 
last of the group, -stands sentinel over the spot. The large 

Memoir of the Rev. EllphaJet Jldams. 37 

lot upon wiiich llie house stood was jnircliased by JMr. 
Pygun, about the year 1670, and has ever sinee been in the 
possession of the laniily. The Uev. Mr. llallam, its present 
owner, acquired it by inheiitance Irom the Adams branch 
of ills ancestors. 

The ministry of Mr. Adams was cast amid exciting 
scenes. The waves of religious enthusiasm rolled high 
around him. Fluctuations vvei'e prevalent, and the minds 
of men rushed to extremes. The Kogerene Quakers gave 
liim much disturbance; the Baptists in his time founded 
their lirst church in New London ; the Episcopal Society 
arose directly out of his congi-egation about the year 1730. 
The perfection of his character is shown, in that, amid all this 
change and progress, he kept his bark steady. In live 
months of the year 1741, from l\Iay to September inclusive, 
he records the accession of eighty members to his church. 
This shows that there was a great revival of religion that 

Mrs. Lydia Adams died G Sept., 1749, aged 62 years 
and 8 months. She was seized with paralysis while spend- 
ing the afternoon with her husband at the house of Mr. 
Samuel Edgecombe, a friend and neighbour, where she ex- 
pired thirty hours afterwards. " A dreadful interval of time 
to me," said the sorrowing husband, " which no words of 
mine have power to express." On the next Sabbath, he 
delivered an aflecting funeral discourse from Ezek. xxiv. 16: 
" Son of man ! Behold I take away horn thee the desire of 
thine eyes with a stroke." 

The partiality of the speaker may, perhaps, have enhanced 
the virtues of the deceased, but ih.e chaiacter he bestows 
upon her is interesting. 

" She was ever compassionate and {)itiful to the distressed, 
and courteous and hospitable to the servants of the Lord ; 
her house, her table, and her heart was open to them ; she 
rejoiced to see them, and they wei-e satisfied with her agree- 
able entertaiiHiient. She was a faithful frienel where she 
professed hiendship. If any that she took for friends 
seemed to alter, yet she was not willing to ihiow them oil' 
in haste, and she had this lare (juality of a true friend, that 
when she thought them manifestly faulty, she would tell 
them of it without fear or ilatlery, and never said more 

•Irn s. — VOL. 1. 5 

38 Memoir of the Rcc. Eliphalct Adams. 

behind their backs than she was read}' to say to their 

In tlic course of the sermon Mr. Adams alhides, witli 
warm expressions of gralitiule, to the extreme kindness 
wliich had been shown to himself and family during their 
severe aliliction. These attentions, he observes, were not 
limited to his own congregation. " All that came about us, 
seemed to be full of gootl will : I could read it in their looks, 
I could see it in their tears, — we fell it in the good olllces 
they were ready to do, whether as ministers, (the Reverend 
Mr. (Iravcs prayed with us again and again with much 
sympathy,) or physicians, or attenilants, or watchers. Even 
those who have for some time sepaiated themselves from 
our fellowship (for reasons best known to themselves) ran 
^\■ith the foiemost to our assistance. Their words did good 
like a medicine, and they brought us some choice cordials 
out of the Holy Books, which we, taken up with our sorrows, 
might not so easily Jight on." This quotation is given to 
show that the rent which had taken place in the church hail 
left unbroken the harmonious Christian intercourse of indi- 
viduals. The Rev. i\Ir. Graves was the E[)iscopal clei\gy- 
man. Mr. Edgecombe, at whose house IMrs. Adams died, 
was one of the first founders of the Episcopal Church. It 
was noticed that he had been baptized at the same time 
with her, 58 years previous, by the Rev. Gurdon Salton- 
stall. " And thither it seems," says the bereaved husband, 
" she must come to die ; and there we founil a most hospi- 
table I'eception and entertainment, nor would they scarce 
bear to hear us express our sorrow for the trouble brought 
upon them, by reason of the attendance upon her, and the 
crowd of people that Hocked in to see her day and night."* 

Not long after the death of his wife, and while his heart 
was still bleeding from the sudden and painful rupture of its 
dearest ties, he was called to perform the funeral functions 
over the remains of his beloved daughter, Mrs. Bulkley, of 
Colchester. She died 2 lih Jan., 17 19-50. Confined by 
sickness at the time of her mother's death, the heavy tidings 
was supposed to have hastened her own demise. "• Such 

' n is stran:,"' a custom — tliat ofcrowdinir around llic Hyiiif; — so distrnctinj 
to Iriiiuls and alti nd.ints, and, in many cases, so injurious to tin' |iaticnt, .slmuld I'ViT 
liave been allowcil. \'ii il'aj)i)cars to have been nnivorsully inrvalcnl in our country 
at fornu'r prriods. 

Memoir of the Rev. Eliphald Adams. 39 

was the endearment between tlie two," says INIr. Adams, 
" that I may borrow the expression used in Canticles vi. 9, 
ami sav, she was the only one of her mother, the choice one 
ol'lier tliat bare her." The sermon preached by the latlier 
on this occasion, h-om tlie passage, "Deep calleth nnto 
deep ; all thy waves and thy billows are gone over ine," 
shows no decay of pulpit energy or of fine feeling. Tiie 
language is full and llowing, and a tender earnestness per- 
vades the whole discourse. 

Oiiginal portraits of Mr. Adams and his wife Lydia, pre- 
served in antique oval frames, are in the possession ol the 
Rev. 11. A. IJallam, of New London. Tliey have been 
recently cleaned and revivified, and are beautiful as pictures, 
as well as valuable for portraits. Mr. Adams has a noble 
aspect ; cheerful and animated, yet benign. The counte- 
nance of his wife is delicate and attractive. 

Mr. Adams contracted a second marriage, but no record 
in New London atlbrds any clue to the date of the event, or 
the name of the lady.' He lived with her but two or three 
years at the utmost. His will is dated 1 1 of Aug., 1752. In 
it he provides liberally for his wife, Elizuhdh, securing to her 
all the estate and household goods she brought with lier, 
the use of three eighths of the homestead, and improvement 
of six acres of land. He abo gave her three cows, a negro 
boy named Leley, and lastly, " my two-handled silver cup, 
two silver porringers, and three silver si)Oons, such as she 
shall choose, all marked k :^. l." 

In the old burial-ground of New London, a table of red 
sandstone bears the following inscription: — 

Here Lies the Remains of 

The Rev^ Mr. Eliphalet Adams, 

AVho rested from his Labours, 

October 4'" .//) 1753, 
In the 77"' year of his age. 

So just the skies, 
Philander's Life so Pain'd, 
His Hart so pure, 

then, or succeeding scenes 
Have Palms to give, 

or, ne'er had he been born. 

Heb. 6: — 10. 

40 Memoir of the ]icl\ Eliphalet Mdams. 

It will be observed, that the (luotation from Young in the 
forcgoiiiii; epitaph iutiniates that a lile of more than common 
trouble was the portion oi" Mr. Adams. It is supposed to 
refer, in |)art, to domestic trials in the latter part of his life ; 
not only in the loss of wife and daughter, but to the long 
period of ill-health and confinement that his wife had previ- 
ously suflered. " You all know," says the funeral discourse, 
" that (lod appointed unto her months of pain and even 
years of sickness." It may be supposed also, that the rup- 
ture in his church and parish — a rival existence, adverse in 
many respects, and wresting from him a portion of his pre- 
rogatives, springing up from the very bosom of his told — 
must have been a blow to his peace and lKij)piness, that fell 
with more than ordinary crushing power. 

Another gieat schism in his society, and one which prob- 
ably caused iiim still more annoyance, was that produced by 
what has been called the New Light Stir. Though no 
separate religious society was organized by the seceders out 
of the congregation of IMr. Adams, i\ew London was the 
place where the greatest degree of frenzy was manifested. 
Here the meetings were most tumultuous, and jiere the 
lamous bonlire was made of the idols and vanities. IMr. 
Adams kept out of the current of excitement, diligently em- 
ployed in his duties, steadfast but conciliatoiy, and never 
acting on the aggressive. Standing thus firmly at his post, 
while the foundations rocked under him, he kept the body 
of his people together, though enthusiasm bore away here 
and theie a convert from his fold. His task was rendered 
more dillicult by the defection of iiis brethren in the vicinity. 
l\Ir. Jewett, of the iVorth Parish, and ]\lr. Owen, of Groton, 
too manifestly sympathized with the enthusiasts. The wise 
and unyielding IMr. Adams was stigmatized by the popular 
h'enzy as " a dumb dog that would not baik." 

IMr. Adams, according to the custom of that day, had a 
number of house servants, boi-n in his family and held in 
bondage. AVe may suppose, from his character, that he was 
a gentle and discreet master. The precision with ^\ilich he 
chronicles the death of one of these servants in his note- 
book gives evidence of kindness and respect. 

" 1729. S.'pt. 17. York died about live of the clock in 
y" morning, — aged above 70 years." 

In i73b, his house servants, five in numbei', — Ishmael, 

Memoir of the Rev. Eliphalel JJdams. 41 

James, Ziba, Sylvanus, Phyllis, — he caused to be publicly 
baptized, and engaged lor their Christian education. 

We come now to speak of his children. He says himself 
concerning them, — 

" The Lord hath given us 6 children, two whereof dying 
young, the others survive to this day, and by God's blessing 
on the education that we were able to give them, \\c have 
no reason to be ashamed of any one of them. They have 
been no grief of heart to us." 

The death of ]\lrs. Bulhley, his only daughter, has already 
been noticed; but this interesting lady merits a more ex- 
tended narrative. Her father says of her, that she was dear 
to every one wherever she lived ; that she had so much 
sympathy as to make every ajllicted person's case her own ; 
that from a child she knew the Holy Scriptures, and grew 
up, as he thought, in favor both with God and man. On 
the 13th of Nov., 1733, she was united to Dr. .Jonathan 
Gardiner, son of John Gardiner, Escp, of the Isle of Wight 
(now (Jardiner's Isla'nd). This young man had been well 
educated, was possessed of a good exterior, and promising 
talents for business. He embarked in life both as physician 
and meixhant. It was the fashion, or perhaps the necessity, 
of the times, to pursue various occupations at once. It may 
be doubted whether a man, at that time, could have well 
supported a family in New London by the practice of medi- 
cine alone. 

Dr. Gardiner built a house in Bradley Street, which is still 
extant. It was then one of the most spacious in town, and 
thither he removed his young wife. About the same period 
he built a trading vessel, which, when completed, he fitted 
out with a valuable cargo, and sailed himself on the voyage 
to dispose of the adventure. Neither vessel nor cargo, 
owner or crew, were ever heard hom afterwards. The 
ocean swallowed all. 

This disaster was in the year 1 735. Before leaving home, 
Dr. Gardiner made his will; it is dated in Jan., 1734-5. It 
was not exhibited for probate till three years afterwards.^ 
As soon, however, as the loss of the vessel was matter of 
fear and surmise, creditors in Boston, and others nearer 
home, who had advanced money and goods to Dr. Gardi- 
ner, became earnest for payment. Attachments, bills, and 

42 Memoir of the Rev. EUphalct Adams. 

executions came on thick and fast ; demands were thrust in 
at the door-sill by night ; so that the young wife took reiuge, 
with her infant son, in the home of her youth, leaving the 
new house and all it contained to the crechtors. 

John, son of Jonathan and ]\hiry Gardiner, was born 
7 Oct., 17:M. Uv<. iMary Gardiner was married 29 Oct., 
1738, to John Bulkley, Esq., of Colchester, Conn. This 
gentleman was son of the Rev. John Bulkley, first minister 
of Colchester, and grandson of the Kev. Gershom lUilkley, 
minister, hrst, of New London, and second, of Wethersfield, 
Conn. He had graduated at Yale College in 173G, and 
soon accjuired a high reputation for learning, integrity, and 
legal knowledge. At a very early age he was appointed a 
Judge of the Superior Court of Connecticut. Hon. Col. 
John Bulkley died 21 July, 1753, aged about 49 years. 

Childien of John and Mary Bulkley: — 

Lydia, baptized 2S Oct., 1739. 
IMary, born 23 iMay, 1711. 
I'^liphalct, ba})tized 10 Aug., 174G. 
I^L'cy, " 27 Aug., 1749. 

These survived their mother and lived to maturity. Others 
they had who died in infancy: for ]\Ir. Adams, enumerating 
the trials of his daughter, mentions " loss of children." 

Mrs. Bulkley occupies the pleasing position of ancestress 
to John J. C. Brainerd, a man of taste and genius, the gifted 
poet of New London, and hitherto the only one which the 
town has produced. 

John Gardiner, the child of Mrs. Bulkley's first marriage, 
settled in New London and married Sarah, daughter of l:fd- 
ward Palmes. He died a young man, but left three daugh- 
ters. The eldest, Sarah, was married, 10th of Dec, 1763, 
to Jeremiah Gates Brainerd, Esq., altei-wards Judge of the 
Superior Court. Of this union the poet Bi-ainerd was the 
fourth and youngest child. He was born 21 Oct., 1790, 
and died, unmarried, 2G Sept., 1828. Those "grave and' 
reverend seigniors," William and lilliphalet Adams, are 
graced and honored by the appearance of this star in the 
line of their pcjsterity. Brainerd was a man of oiiginal intel- 
lect, playful, humorous, full of fancy and sensibility, and, 
better than all, a sincere Christian. On the head-stone of 

Memoir of the Rev. ElipJialct Jldams. 43 

his j^rave, at New London, shines that passage, so lull of 
ricli pioinisL', — " Thy broilLcr shall ii>c a<i,ain." (John 
xi. 23.) 

Lytlia, daughter of John and JMary Bulldey, intcrniamcd 
in 17(il witii Robert Latimer. In this line it is supposed 
that no posteiity remains. Capt. Latimer, a few years after 
his marriage, was accidentally knocked overboard at sea and 
drowned. Mrs. Lydia Latimer died in 1782. 

JMary, second daughter of John and Mary Bulkley, mar- 
ried Cieoi'ge B. Jlurlljut. Ihey had no children. 

Lucy, third daughter and youngest child of John and 
INTary Bulkley, married Capt. John Lamb, of (iroton, Conn. 
This couple left but one child, viz., Col. Henry T\ Lamb, 
late of Wilkesbarrc, Penn., who married one of the daugh- 
ters of his uncle, Eli|)halet l>ulkley, and has left children. 

Eliphalet, only son of John and Mary Bulkley, married 
Anna, daughter of Major Charles Bulkley, biother of his 
father. They had ten children, all born in Colchester ; but 
the family afterwards removed to A\'ilkesbarre, where the 
parents died. i\Iost of their descendants remain in Wilkes- 

Having thus mapped out the branches Mhich descend 
from the Rev. Eliphalet Adams, through his only daughter 
IMary, let us turn to his sons. 

AVilliam, the eldest, was sent to Yale College in 1 726. 
Bibliothecal curiosity may be gratified by a memorandum, 
made by his father at the time. 

Acc^ of Books y' William Adams put up to carry to College, 

Nov 5. 172(;. 

Elisha Coles Dictionary, Catechisms, and Confessio 
A Latin Grammar, Fidei, 

A Creek " Latin Bible, 

Tully's Oflices, Septuagint, 

" Ciations, Elorilegium Phrasewn, 

Virgil's Works, Phraseologia Anglolalina, 

Horace, Pasor's Lexicon, 

English Virtifil, Lucius Florus, 

Creek Testiiinent, An iMiglisli Bil)lc, 

Latin " A Call to Backsliders, 


Memoir of the Rev. EUphdlct Adams. 

English Exercises, 

Ovid (.Ic Tiistibus, 

Corderius' Collo(|uies, 



U\\ Willaiel's Penitent Pi'od- 

An Englisii Dictionary, 
Obseivations on the Present 

State ol" Turkey, 

The Strong Helper, 
The Everlasting Gospel, 
The life of Mr. Edmund 

The Songs of the Redeemed, 
Nomenclator, Singing Book, 

Some of his father's Sermons. 

Oct 23. 1727. He carryed the following books: — 

Locke of the Human Understanding, 
Hebrew liible, with Greek Testament at the end, 
Hebrew Cirammar, 
7\mesii Medulla Theologize, 
Burgersdicii Logica, 
J^uxtorf's Lexicon, 
Clark's Formuhe, 
Allin's Alarm, 
Mr. Coleman of Mirth, 
Mr. Williams' Redeemed Captive, 
Flemming's Rod or Swoid, 
]\Ir. Penhallow's Hist: of y' Indian War, 
IMr. Flavel's Divine Conduct, or .Mystery of Providence. 
Kennet's Roman Antiquities, 
( Gordon's (Geographical Grammar, 
Hist, of y" House of Orange. 
Pope's Homer, Vol 2. 
Homer's Iliad, 
Dugard's Khetorick, 
J.,ocke of Education, 
Grotius, De jure Belli et Pacis, 
Sanderson, De Conscientia, 
" De juramento, 

William Adams graduated in 1730, and was Tutor in 
Yale College from 1732 to 1734. He was, after this, a 
preacher of the (Jospel for more than sixty years. Consid- 
ering the lengdi of his life, and the sphere in which his 

Memoir of the Rev. Eliphalet Jldams. 45 

duties were performed, it is strange that we should know so 
little of him, and that so few memoiials remain of his mind 
and history. In the pulpit he never etiualled his I'athei-; 
lie was nevertheless a respectable preacher and an upright 
man. He never married, and was never ordaineil, — often 
declaring that he would not be enciunbered with wife or 
parish. During a long life, he stooil true to his purpose. 
ile preached first in the North Pari>h of New London, and 
next in North (iroton. At the latter place, a call, entiiely 
\manimous, invited him to settle; but he declined. Had 
he been as cordially invited to become the successor of iiis 
father, perhaps he might have wavered; but the opportunity 
was not oliered. After filling the vacant i)ulpit, as a tem- 
poraiy substitute, for nearly three years, the proposition to 
invite him to settle was negatived, 4o to 42. Perhaps the 
largest moiety of his ministerial labors was given to Shelter 
Island. He preached there at intervals for thirty years or 
more, and was probably the first minister that dwelt upon 
that island. He was at first an inmate of the family of 
Piinley Sylvester, Esq., the principal proprietor of the island ; 
and al'tei' the death of this patron, in 170-2, he resieleil with 
(-ol. 'i'homas Deering, the son-in-law of Mr. Sylvester, ile 
was in this family at the time of ^\'hiteflelt^s visit to Shelter 
Island, in 1764.* 

After a vacancy of some years, the mantle of the Rev. 
Eliphalet Adams fell upon I\[ather Byles, Jun., a brilliant 
young clergyman from Boston, to whose shoulders the ven- 
erable garment soon became an insupportable burden. At 
the end of ten yeai-s, he cleared himself from it with very 
little ceremony, and returned to Boston, declaring himself a 
convert to J']piscopacy. 

An interim of eighteen months was followed by the ordi- 
nation of the Rev. Ephraini Woodbridge to the pastoral jDllice 
in the vacant parish, — a man much beloved, but on whom 
consumption early stamped its seal. In less than 7 years 
he was followed to the tomb by a sorrowing congregation. 
An interval of eleven years succeeiled (from 17(iG to 1778), 
in which the Congregational Church had no settled minister. 

' I'rifiic's 1.1)11^', |i. Ii 3 

4'rH s. — vol.. I. () 

46 jMemoir of Ihe Rev. EUphalel Jldams. 

During all these vacancies, the Rev. William Adams was at 
luiml, leady to stand in the breach, and supply the })iovi- 
deniial deliciency. J\lany times, especially in the tumult- 
uous days of the Revolutionary war, would the (lock have 
been scattei'ed to the iour winds of heaven, had not this 
amiable shepherd stepped forth with his crook and called 
them hack to the fold. 

The latter years of the life of Mr. Adams were all spent in 
New London, where he resided with his excellent sister-in- 
law, the relict of his brother Pygan. Some persons now 
li\ing remember iiim well, lie was short and stout ; wore a 
white wig and a cocked hat ; and when walking about the 
town, was usually arrayed in a black study-gown, confmed by 
a belt. Fond of social enjoyment and domestic repose, he 
would often drop in to take tea with some staid mation, and, 
before he left the table, would (with permission) stow away in 
the bosom of his mantle slices of cake for hiture recreation. 

Still, he never forgot that he was a minister. OlFences 
shunned his presence ; whatever was forbidden in Scriptme 
was sure of his rebuke. He delighted to ramble into the 
country, and often made visits among the farmers bek)nging 
to the parish. These visits were perhaps most hequent 
during the season of trout, for he was fond of angling. But 
he never left a house without prayer and exhortation, and 
would have all the children of the family called up and 
placed before him in the order of their ages. He then lec- 
tured them upon their duties, asked some questions from 
the Westminster Catechism, and sternly reproved what he 
liad seen or heard amiss in them, ".'he Rev. William Ad- 
ams died 25 SejJt., 1798, in the SSth year of his age. It is 
not known Uiat he left either property, or books, or manu- 
scripts of any kind. One sermon was published by him. 
It bears this title : — 

" Discourse delivered Oct: 23. 17G0, on the Thanksgiv- 
ing f5r the Success of the liritish arms in the reduction of 
Montreal, and the Concjuest of all Canada. Ry \Villiam 
Adams i\r. A. New London. Pi-inted by 'J\ Creen." 

Of Doctor Thomas Adams, third and youngest son of the 
Rev. I'^liphalet, the foHowing slender information is all that 
has been obtained. He graduated at Yale College, 17)i7, 
chose the practice of medicine for his profession, and died 
without issue, 1758. 

Memoir of the Rev. K/iphalcl JJtIams. 47 

Pygan, secoiul son of the Rev. Klii)lialL't Ailains, nKinicd, 
7 June, 17-14, Anne, daughter of Jolui J\icluuils, Ks([. hi 
thi.s union lliere was a greater disparity of years than was 
common at that period ; he being just liei- age in advance of 
his bride, that is, sixteen and a lialf years. 

Their eiulch'en were, — 

1. William, . . . born 20 Nov, 1747. 

2. Alexander Pvgan, " G Sept., 17 17. 

3. Anne, ..'.." 30 A|)nl, 1749. 

4. l^ydia, .... born and died 1751. 

5. Elizabeth, . . . born 21 Dec, 1752. 

6. Lydia, . ..." 19 July, 1757. 

7. Thomas, ..." 5 Jan., 1761. 

]\Ir. Pygan Adams, though a goldsmith by tiade, entered 
very early into the mercantile line, and was active in it, 
making many voyages to the West Indies, as owner and 
factor of valuable cargoes of country produce. He amassed 
a considerable estate, which was, however, mostly dissij)ated 
in that era of commercial stagnation which preceded the 

lie died in July, 1770, aged 6 4. His wife survived him 
thirty-five years. She died S January, 1809 : born 18 Sejjt, 
1728. The three sons of this worthy couj)le died afar from 
home and unmarried. Like their lather, they early engaged 
in commercial pursuits, and in the course of business often 
visited those tropical climes, to w hich New England has sent 
so many of her sons for victims. 

AVllliani died at St. Pierre, Martinique, 4 April, 1778, 
aged 33 years. Alexander P. was lost at sea in 1782, aged 
35. Thomas died on the island of St. Martin's, 8 Sept, 
1815, aged 54: he was the last male descendant in the 
male line of the family. 

Thus we see that the line of William Adams (emigrating 
to this country probably before 1035, and settling at I[)s- 
wich), as continued through his son, William of Ipswich, and 
grandson, William of Dedham, after giving to the country 
for tju'ee successive generations a minister of sterling worth, 
becomes extinct in the male branch in the sixth generation 
(inclusive of the first emigrant), and the name is lost, on the 
death of Thomas Adams, 8 Sept., 1815. 

The three daughters of Pygan Adams, Escp, are now all 

48 Memoir of iJic Rev. EUphakt Adams. 

that are left for this IMemoir to trace. Each lived to a great 

Anne, the oldest daugliter, was married, 5 iMay, 1768, to 
John Champliu. Fourteen children were the issue of this 
marriage. ]\Ir. Chamj)lin removed with his family to Balti- 
moi'e, where he died, 17 .lune, 1800, aged 5-1. 

Anne, his relict, died in IJaltiinore, 6 April, 1838, aged 
89. Two daughters of this family are still living in Balti- 
more. Of the whole 14 children, only two have descend- 
ants, viz. : — 

William A. Champlin, who died in Charleston, S. C, 
leaving one daughter ; and John Cliamplin, who left two 
daughters, since married, the one to John C. Pitt, of Laurel, 
Indiana ; the other to Le\vis B. Tupper, of Cincinnati. 

J:]lizaheth, second surviving daughter of Pygan Adams, 
Esq., was married, 19 Oct., 1775, to Thomas Pool, son of 
John and Sarah Pool, of Rai'itan, N. J. Their children 
were, — 

1. William-Adams, horn 7 IMay, 1777; died 22 Sept., 
1795, in the 19th year of his age. 

2. Sally-Field, born 22 Feb. 1780: and two others, who 
died in infancy. 

Sally F., the only surviving child, was married, 4 Jan., 
1798, to Samuel Green, Esq., editor of the New London 
Oazeite. She died 10 Mar., 1801, leaving an only son, 
who lived to maturity, but died :^0 Nov., 1825, unmariied. 

By these repeated bereavements, the posterity of Thomas 
anil Elizabeth Pool, of two generations, became extinct, 
while they themselves were living. 

Thomas Pool, Esq., died 26 Jan., ^.828, aged 75. Mrs. 
Pool long survived her husband and descendants. She 
was a woman of cultivated taste, refmed intellect, and un- 
common vivacity. Her manners also were winning and 
allectionate. In conversation she was choici^ lluent, and 
elegant. Moreover, she was a devotetl Christian, full of 
benevolent feeling. The character of her venerated grand - 
sire, in a softened form, was resuscitated in her. 

She died 21 Oct., 18-15, in the 93d year of her age. 
Her tomb-stone wears this precious signet : — 

" 'lb; -iveth his beloved sleep.' Ps. 127. 2." 
Lydia, } oungest daughter of Pygan Adams, Escp, mar- 
ried, 17 Sept., 1779, Robert Ilallam. 

Memoir of the Jicv. Eliphuld Mams. 49 

Robert Ilallam, Esq., died 18 Feb, 1835, iiged 78. 

I.ydia, his relict, died 29 Oct., 18 15, aged 88. 

The only surviving descendant of this pair is the Uev. 
Robert A. Ilallam, Rector of St. James's Church, New 

Ry a reference to the dales, it will be seen that JNlrs. 
Pool and Mrs. Ilallam died within a few days of each other. 
During tlie latter years of their prolonged existence, tliese 
venerable ^isters dwelt togeilier. To tliis venerated shrine 
the young went, as on a pilgrimage, to learn the liistory of 
the past, or to gain treasures of wisdom from the rich stores 
of experience. They attained respectively their 93d and 
S8di year, and then dejxnted in the order of seniority. IMrs. 
Ilallam lingered to hear the funeral service breathed over 
the coflin of her beloved companion, and then, without any 
added symptoms of disease, (luielly }ielded to the stroke of