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Memoirs of Charles 
Macklin, comedian 

William Cook 

90. Macklin (Charles). Memoirs of Charles Macklin, Comedian, with 
the Dramatic Characters, Manners, Anecdotes, etc., of the Age 
In Which He Lived: forming an History of the Stage during 
almost the Whole of the Last Century, and a Chronological List 
of all Parts Played by Him. 8vo, half calf, (hinges repaired). 
Portrait. London, 1804. $12.50 

At the end of the book is: Case. Mr. Macklin Laie of Coven t- Garden 
Theatre, against Messrs. Clarke, Aklys, Lee, Jamc.^, and Miles. This 
action was brought 'by Mr. Macklin against the above named men for 
hissing him during a performance and causing him to be dismissed from 
the theatre. 






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- ■ ■ ■ 1 

^1 ' I 

! II 



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Cm/^ Qy/MmU'A 


i'tJlt.'^fifd by J^Atffrfif tti ^u BihU, Cro\vn8eConitiiutixtrt,CcrnhUlJ.2foy.i8e4.. 

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or THS 


An Htstory of the Stage during almost the Whole of the 
last Century. 

A Chronological List of all the Parts played by him. 

-The Players will »hew all ; 

For they arc the abstract, and brief chronicles of the time. 





At the Bible, Crown, and Constitution, 

Comhili ; 



v>* ■ 


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392220 A 



K 19^ ' L 

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jPlJBLIC curiosity^ almost ever wdce the first 
establishment of a Theatre in this country, has 
demanded some account of the lives and pharac'* 
tcrs of its eminent professors. Men, Who haye^ 
been so much '* the brief abstract and chronicles 
of the times," acquire )>opular favour, t>oth from 
the entertiunmrat and utility they afford ; for, as 
tfaejr are g^erally not inattentive, obseryen of 
nankindj^ and represent them under alt their se» 
vecal designations^ their own characters are tup^ 
posed to bear some distinguished impression. 
Qar affections often keep pace with our cudostty ; 
and the person who has improved and amused us 
for ft gieat number of years, we mpect whilst 
living, and remember with a melancnply pleasure 

^ vhfn he is no more. 

^ ' ' ' ' • 

^ Upon this principle it is we introduce to the 
^ public^ Memoirs of the late Charles Macklin, 

^ and 

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and of the age in which he lived ; a man who 
is not only entitled to our notice from his 
being in the^ftJi^e^qf t^o^eailjeqiiffience, but 

from his being, for many years before his death, 


the Nestor of the Stage. "•HI* character still gains 
on pur (Curiosity, when M^e consider, that this m» 
raised himself to the top of' ms profession 
almost the bottom o^ society, wit'fi littre' aitl'from^ 
gareutal protection, without die ordinary meails 
of jjupport, ana almost without any otneVinstruc- 
tion, than what the native energies of nis mihd 
stimulated Him to oBtaiii, * i - r 

• We have, however^ to regret, tli*a£ 1 compielfe 
life of this value,, and this exteiit, was Abt ^iveii 
by himself. A regular Bis'tor^ of tlilf Stage has 
long been a desiderdtum amongst ali those wtid 
are. scientific amateur^ of the profession; aiid 

.'♦J IJ,*^ '.i.»» 4*:^* '-?. .V .t. '^i .,-. ,/ (ixli:, 'I'i ' ij \j''iL 

though this could not have been fully fexpectea 

from Macklip, much assistance towards 8 worK 

of this kind might have been given Dy nith; A 

man who had touched the ' extremities^ o^tw^S 

ttd was very nearly entering on his 

have possesseci k voluime or e\'ent8, 

Dt of an individual; ana as his ac^ 


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qnMntanee^iA tfee 9kiige bad jofpfecededthd 
retfretfttertt of Citber, he dduld have, fhim tradik 
tion, infontre* lis «f Its Hifeagcs ftffjl qbstomf aincB 
the beginning of the last century; the profes- 
ndiiH *ia i^rf^aWcHatttdfeft of the piirtcifaKjifer- 
torititVs', tfie taleirtS^alhd est3«hl*ibii.ia>«lTidi. tint 
<lrilrba^t*'WrtUi* Wei-e hdd>, xvitti iHwrcharaptm; 
«fc-. ■Mid'.liaWbWi ttfiiiii**-, ' And -^cfabe*, bf tb* acj 
^ttal liBclieHbe^V tiigethb'-iritb ■tti'fr't)togres3tiv«! 

1 ;! ri'.',ti<^T> f '•. i-'T v/f'f J .'• .'c ;■■'•■' ;■ •) • u 
' Stt<?K'a'fcHto»y ij^iutd JJiA^e .beett'-e^fertairfiti?? 
an* ^cl^VJ<i««Me;' afttl slich (jn a 'gfreiti'degwej^ 
^6ilW'1«^ 6ifefeglV6h% lilaeklld, had be b*gflS 
i!*l!flf'fti3<ttateffab''iitHftfe. 'Hfe #*3: t^ften ii»w« 
gaWd Wlft^ hi$ iRfi^ndfe, utidtir all tltt temptai 
t»Ws «^f 'iWt'^rtt l^eemi'y slssfetance, atid «We ttflfe? 
^i9ft^i^fif(ibs<!Hj^tion; ahd he^$ ofteti^ibtfiidtMl 
hi?=t^uM teiiMrtafce'ii; but, ftom a ki*g *«ntli 
ntlant**oflift'aird ^od liea!lcl», he cttlaiilfttfed loft 
Sfticlr'dfa itfcfe ^maneney of both : hisi answer^ 
iiirM!y-'w%/sdine\vhat like Ihe excu'ses 6f tht OKi 
ihitn to Chatoti in lufeian's E>iale^odff^ ^' That fe* 
had a law-suit to get rid of, a Comedy to'fitflfeW, 
or some things to set in order, before be could 


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brin^ his mind comjiosediy to umh a trork«*<^'' But, 
tiieiii (aatd h^, rajising hh voice») when these are 
accompKshed, hy G — , TIL set about itV 

He at the ^ame lime would lament Hvi wmt oC 
inanuscripts whicb ht once, had for this undei^ 
taking, and which were unfortunately lost an hu^ 
]ia8»ige from Holyhe^ to DtfbUn many years 
back : but theft he add^d» *^ Even thia loss shall 
not prevent me: it is thid ifish of my friepds; it if 
my own wish; and I have materials enough left 
tfoshew the world, Uiat if Ihaye Uyje4l9[ngr I 
bave not lived altogether idlyi or unprp(i^ly»*' 
But thme who know; the human hear^i knowi that 
such Tesolutions only shewed he was ihe^4^^^ 
bis own irresolution. He had npt courage suffir 
cient to undertake a work of so mi^b ]l^|w>ui; 
pid retrospection; he therefore deceived. l^i^ijiselC^ 
by puUi«g off to the tiext year^ /^hf^ 1^ found 
a difficulty in dping then. This prpcrastinationt 
tberefore, annually continued, till his menRMfy 
lb<?gan to fail him ; and then it was in v:aiii to 
aolicit for wb^t Natt^re said *' could not ,be qbf 


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The Anecdotes^ kc. here offered to the public^ 
tre the gleanings of many years intimacy witK 
the $ubject of these Memoirs, whose best conver*- 
satkm was in this line; yet even drawing from this 
lource^ (particularly hi the latter part of his life, 
wlien his memory gave way,) much caution and 
comparison were necessary, in order to ascertaia 
the authenticity of the facts. These have been 
as much attended to as was in the Editor's power; 
and as such, he trusts, will not be found unen« 
tertaining to die general observers on life and 

To these observations it may foe necessary to 

add, that the anecdotes, &c. which are included 

tn this work, were first introduced to the world 

in that respectable publication, the Europeait 

Magazine. The avidity with which they were 

^ perused, and th? very favorable, nay flattering, 

. feeeption which they met with, from an extensive 

,aiid increasing circle of subscribers, induced the 

compiler to put them into the form in which they 

now appear, and consequently gave rise to this 

volume, whieh he has carefully revised, corrected, 

altered, and enlarged. 


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,' He:hǤ;afao{avaflecthimacIf qf thfe-asaiftiaricfe of 
ifc.Litenajry GeiHJcnwny totvvhoto n^ tHe cha- 

-tacters lleKnfiaiedr, ^cl evjenla rccoakri,*^ferc wUl 
ekliQiTB, y^ho. hns made thqae reniirksi aBdr cot .'ee- 
3IQ118 iv^Jiioh {lis experieiioe. suggestecj^ ^nd his 
Ikaowleilgo of .the authenticity of many o£ ttre 
i;<e^ited cijXLtmsrt:arrc3e& warranted. • > 



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AMONG several Lettei-s which the Publisher 
has received in Commendation of this Work, 
from Gentlemen who well remember the Subject 
of it, and were professionally acquainted with the 
OutlLhci of many of the Characters and Circum- 
stances recorded, he felt a very high degree of 
Satisfaction in the petusal of one from that ex- 
cellent. Comedian of a forhier Age, Mr. Moody, 
M^hom those that have seen, must recollect with 
Gratitude, for the Pleasure ^hicli they hive de- 
rived from his Performances. 

This Gentleman, who was one of that Old School 
of Actors which he mentions in the subsequent 
letter, though now retired, seems still to return a 
-wsLvm Attachment to the Stage, wliich he once 
enlivened; and, as he personally knew the prin- 
cipal Figure in this Biographical Medley ; was 
moreover acquainted with many of the other Cha- 
racters that form the Dramatis Pcrsonce; has un- 
questionably been present at many of the Ace/^e* 
therein exhibited; and has also, in thsit Mental 
Mirror^ which glances ** from Age to Age," 
viewed those Performers who were antecedent to 
his own Times; the Publisher is happy inlaying 
before the Headers of this Work, an Opinion of its 
Merit, founded upon such Experience- Tliis, he 
thinks, cannot be better done, than in the Words 
in which it was communicated. He therefore 
deems any Apology for printing the Letter alluded 
to unnecessary; as he h certain, that, while it 
stamps an additional Value upon these Sheets, it 
Avill also afford Pleasure to the Lovers of tlie Drama 
to learn, that their old Favorite, Major OTla- 
HERTT, . continues to enjoy both Health and 
Spirits; that he could, perhaps, stiU brandish his 
Cane over the Head of Lawyer Vahland, and 
successfully correct his professional Errors ; and 
-i . that, 

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that, like an old Coachman, altliougiriie has 
seen his Slage-Mastcr^ and most of his Company, 
s€i down at their respective Inns^ lie stilli loves 
'* THE Smack of the Wmi?.!' 

32, Comkilt, 
Dec. 1, 1804, 

To Mj\ Asvzk^s^^j. Bookseller^ GomkiU. 

TEN Thousand Thanks for your kind Remem- 
brance of me, and for the Book ; the best on 
the Subject that I ever met. Make my grateful 
Regard to the Author, for the kind Manner in 
which he has served up the Old School^ and 4:he 
delicate Veil that he has thrown over their Foibles, 
. The Book has, from the Beginning to the End, 
the glowing Finger of the Master. His Digres- 
sions (by far the best Part of the Work) are the 
Digressions of a Gentleman; and his Anecdotes 
and Stories are supported by Truth, as far as oral 
Chronicle will permit me to say; and without the 
smallest Attempt to raise a ridiculous Laugh at 
Characters, the great Majority of whom, ** AH 
Qualities know with a learned Spirit of Human 

I am fearftil that his Hero will not meet much 
Respect fpom the rising Generation of Actors ; he 
has been handed to them as a troublesome, tur- 
bulent Chaiacter; Half of which your Autlior has 
done away, and given him a higher Niche in 
Theatrical History, than any other Person has 
ever yet attempted. 

Let the jaundiced Mind read, and he will join 
my humble Effort to hold to the Public a Work 
worthy the Attention of any Man. 

Your*s very truly, 

Barnes, Surty, ^ J. MOODY;^ 

Nov. 21, 1804, 


Place this Leaf facing the End of the Mrodtcction. 

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SO Thany dlflTerent accounts have been given of 
tbe oHgin of Charles Macklin, that it would 
he very difiicult for a person, carefully looking 
for thte'ti^uth, which to fix upon. The following 
sketch, however, is taken from himself^hove tbiity 
years agd, when his memory and intellects were 
ift their full preservation, and which he at difler- 
ent times confirmed by subsequent recitals. 

Charles McLaughlin (fpr that was hh original 
jiame) was descended from the McLaughlins^ of 
the North of Ireland; a clan as much distin- 

B . guished 

* I remember oifice totiave beard Alarklin say, that the 
McLaughlins considered themselves as descendants of the anci« 
ent Kings of Ireland ; and th^t in his time, in order to recognize 
t|iti^ dliiMice to royalty, tb%bead of the family in the North of 



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guished f5r antiquity of family, as for being prin- 
cipals in the vajiotis eivil witrs ef tWt kingdom. 
In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, they united 
with the Magees (anotiyQr considerable clan) ia 
opposition to Government j and, after several 
skifitjisKet witJlitJle tegular troQpe,, thpiric|de|s 
finally submitted to Sir Christopher Chichester, 
who, marching them up to Dublin, hanged twenty 
of the Chiefs in terrorem, and dispersed the rest, 

Mflickliii'3 ifmif^e^jate ancestors,: piftej; thia, sq^t 
tied near Der^y; ,a^4i at the CQlebra^p^, siege of 
that city in King William's time, he had three 
ttnck^ wi^hiii the waJb, ^nd thrpc without, why 
distiAgui^hed tben^sekes, though on , oppositt 
eid^s, .ikj^ith a biaverj (to i^sg the old pan's phrjisfi) 
" that H^pt up tl^ hoqowof )tj)e J^lo^fl of %h^ 
M^l^mghlins." Sowie t}\t^^ ^fter tjijs b|s fat^i* 
^ie<?,: and the little f^^jtifi whicl^ 1^ h^d wag given 
i)p to ^ near relfatipn ^ theirs, w&9 wa^ a PriHteir 
tant, intrust for tjie wj^PW ^^ chil^r^iu 


Irclaii^, once a jear held ftsalemn (thou^ ttrstic^ court j to which 
:all thtt rel^titfDS and d^peiiddits ife^nirod. "^ I: hiivc myM 
beejD opc^ajt this mectHBg/'^ hg coatiptiieJi * ^'1^9^ oqtM 4pt Mp 
Jbeing exceedingly impressed wifti the ceremony of my introduc- 
tion to our Chief, who, as a reiation, received me most graci- 
ously. I there beheld tha( union of state and simplicity, for 
which former ages were so remarkable; and! observed, that tl^ 
Chief had all the great officers, and every other appendage^ to a 
court* These iheetings, Sir, were known to Government; buras 
they were perfectly innoofent, anrf their pixKcedlngs inoffensive^ 
they wlere tolerated. 

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Suck i$ tte hmf hi$t(>ry of his fipinilf , as ofteii 
related by limiseVl The fenod «f ^is^ birth is Bot^ 
perh^y quite so certain. The report was during 
Im li£^.(aiid it was in some respect odnfirmed by 
bimself,) that he was born in the last year of tb« 
seventoevth century; btit thb account, upon a 
coQspairiitive investigatiod!!, is not founded upon 
sufficient author! iy. lo the early parts of his 
life, it has been said, that he often declared *' he 
did vk>t predsel^ kuwf bis age;" and itotbing can 
be nooee probabk, considerii^ the condition of 
Ireland towajfds the close of the seventeenth cen* 
tury, and the obscure and unsettled situation of 

his family: *but then it is to be asked, How came 
the precise period of his bii^th to be afterwards 
fixed upon, and detafifed as a fact through the re^^ 
naainder of his life? This has bee«i partly an- 
swered in Memoirs 6f hi*n, already published, 
wherein it is stated, '*That, instead of 1 699, he 
was bom in IG9&; arid that his taking off nine 
years of hU rc*I age, . was the better to conciliate 
the aflfe^tibiis of a theatricalmistress, who was 
then under twenty.*^ 

Civing this anecdote its due weight, We shaH 
offer another reason why he lessened his real age. 
Between fiorty and fifty years ago, when speaking 
Oft this subject, he nsed to caH himself generally 
*' a Bian of the kist century;" but mentioned no 

B 2 precise 

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precise periody ' till Iris daughter, the late Miss 
Mftcklit), got stone celebrity on the Stages Hen 
be begaa to^r the period-: or, perhaps, his daugh^ 
ter rather fixed it for bino, in order to makeiber* 
self appear younger. Macklin himself indirectly 
confirmed this, as healwaysacknowledged *^that 
it was from his daughter he received the particut 
iar information relative tolhis birth*'* 

These arc the rejisons offered why he mig^t be 
induced to ^extenuate his agcf; but| in respect to 
the real period of his birth, we have much stronger : 
documents* •..,.': * , i 

; There \yas living in the city qf Cork, about the 
year 1 750,; ^, Nypip^n of t^e nacip^ of Ellen By nue^ 
the wif? of a jpurneyiflan printer, who w^& afireV 
cousin of M^ckljn's mot;her» and /vy^ho lived ip th^ 
family at the t,ipie of his birth; apd this won)2|% 
who always i)pre a, decf nt and respccfabjft char^ 
ter^ ha$ oftefi declared tQOjany people, (?ip4ij|par- 
Jic^la^ to the )ate Mr. Char^^^ ftathb^nd, Editor of 
The General Evening Post, am^nofsomereci^syrcl)! 
and unquestionable veracity,) that her cousin, 
Gharles Macklin, .was two montlDi old at the lit- 
tle of the Boyne, (July 1, I69O;), and th^t a fftv 
days previous to that celebrated battle, his m<^. 
tlier, one of , her brothers, and herself, , travjelled 
six miles, from Drogheda to a neighbouring yil* 

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lagci for safely, cftnying with theih youtig/Chaf*. 
ley (as she calleid him) in a kish;* and that they. 
resided in this village some years afterwards. 

-^This anecdote is partly conlSrmed on the te$li4 
metiy of a strolling player of the name of IVare; 
who was living in London about the year 1784^ 
and was then 82 years of age. This man often 
declared that he remembered Macklin as a full 
growd man when he was a boy ; and tha^ frorii 
his love of rioting, and other dissipations, he was 
distinguished by the epithets of ** Wicked Char- 
iey/' and ** The Wild.Irishman/' 

To these testittionies we shall add another, which,' 
thbugh ft dbes not fiiUy confirtn the above zc^ 
counts, goes a great way to corroborate them- 
When Mr. Geo. Monk Berkley, grandson to thefa- 
ttckte^Dr; Berkley, Bishc^ of Clbyne, ^as^ student 
in the Middle Temple, from the celebrity of Macl6 
lin's character ai^ an actbr aid writer, he expressed 
a wish/to /be acquainted with him. Macklin 
^xed oh ail evening,^ audi at the meeting thustac^ 
cost^ hini: ^* Young- inafa, I am 'happy to see 
you^Pkhew your>fa!m6bs gx^td£gcther very well 
V-We werie it college ttogether/ and be was always 
ri^l^nMtbe tfcwre»/ tad in our University; but, 
: \n..'. v^-^ ' . ; ^. , B;3: > < ' alaer! 

"' i 'Kiihf fw«'mdker;ltas|et9,..f)«OQ4i»cri«p iffi hprse'y h^\ , 
; .1^;.. J J Ijkc » saddle, to carry provisions, &c. 

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aksl he has long jstnce gone, and I am liere 
stilll" \ ' 

*When Mr. Berkley visited his father in the 
long vacatioti, he told this anecdote to htm ; at 
>vhich he was much surprised, and said^ *^ It vm 
altnost impossible; as the Bishop, his &ther, httd 
heen dead neat forty years, and was then turned 
of seventy 1 He, indeed, might he a fellow vheh 
Macklin was a yoiingster ; bnt jiot, I should 
think, otherwise." " I don't knflw (said the son) 
Macklin's age ; but this I know, that his manner 
of calling him Siprttiy lad^ iund hits often repcatj- 
ing it, struck me so forcibly, that I could not but 
helie^ it; and nt the same time frUed me \riit|* so 
much surpri&ge, that it brought me bijck to the 
days of Noah." , / 

The two first of theee acisoiints ^tit related to 

Macklin by the Editor of tbcscanticdottis about 

k dois^n years beftxre his dearth, to ascertain th^lr 

authority; and his answer was, ^ WJky^ 6ir, the^ 

was ail EJien fiy«ie iwholivisd in Gprki Rnd w?8i 

a rektjoq of mine: Biit l^time^ee— r(|)dlis|f|g)-r 

'"born inthe^ttx 1690-^Ohil id»wnitml.>tlfinlc**hc 

must bc'mirtaktfn."f-^*' BmA, Sir,, (said ^e Edittuv) 

do you know to a certainty the timd of ij^ourlpirfiii" 

" I. certainly do notCv aflU that I possibly can fix 

on is, (for I never was good at dates,) that I was 

very eariy in %fi? iufbt imed I Was^boftt in^th^ Iftst 

'^ ■•.">' • : ;•• '^ -^ «''i^'^ '-' ^ '''-i/ century ; 

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ci«tuty; bot the pBrikular year "^wto^ me hy 
my datightCTy who, I sitpf>o$e, must have had it- 
fVom Bie; and sb^ bad always a better recollec- 
tion tha© her iither.'* 

lu respect to the anecdote told by TFjare; he 
said, *^ HcremenoJoered hkn very well; that h* 
oftea strolled with him both io England and Ire- 
land ; that he was a very honest fellow ; and that 
he alAi^ays lookied npoU him to be hh junior by 
9omc years, but by how mdny he could not tell" 

So that it appears, on the subject of age, Mack*^ 
Iki generally shnflded off the question : perhaps h^ 
could not pn^rly ascertain it ; or, what is'ttiora 
likely to be the case, having once fixed upon a 
perk)d for tht eceomrito4iitim df his daugJit^^ he 
considejted. it as no iraprachment of his genei^l 
. yeradty, to let it pdss tkuroogb life as a register 
of hk.bktfa. 

From these cirtumstaBces relative to the age of 
Macklin, ^rt ts greater Reason to inxi^nb that 
. he irafr born m the yeit 1690 than 1699. In fa- 
vour of thieifimt peijod, thete are docnmentsfrom 
person^ totally distnteresteit on the aul^ect: for 
Jibe latter^ a lo^e^ uhtefetl<^ recollection <^n the 
part of. himself ^ or rather the unaupporfced assert 
1^ tf ,his tbtugfhtdr. Hdwever,. b6tl^ accounts 
^ before the public for their decision. 

B 4 MacWin's 

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$ . liiKMoriis or 

Mackliri'is eariiest remembranc? of himscif, was . 
^\^hen he was a boy betMcen six and sewn yeaw 
of ^ge, living on a small farm with hk father and^ 
mother; the former of whom ^ta tise his ocwa 
phrase) was a rank Presbyterian, and the latter a 
bigotted Papist. In every other rfespect they 
Ifved cordially together, but on the score of reli*- 
gton; and as both wei% in all probability moiis' 
sharpened by their passions than tlieir knowledge- 
of the subject, they bad frequent altercatipns, 
which, he said, ifirould have ris^u to nu)re serioun^ 
consequences, but for the constant interpositioa, 
of an uncle of his by thbmother^s side, who was 
a Roman Catholic Priest, and a man qf'grea^han 
IDanily and moderation in his principle^. ' 

This uncle undertook the dare of hrs nephew'^ 
education; and, as he lived three mil^ from his 
Other's dwelling, young CJiarles had to travel 
these three* miles every day; sometimes not so 
well equipped in wardrobe paraphernalia as would 
befit a modem Academician. He often said, he 
benefitted very little from his uncle's gopd intea? 
tions, as he was very idle, and very dissipattetk; 
sometimes staying whole days front ^chooh^oa^ 
ing /Ae yb^v (robbing of orchards,) atad otbe^ 
boyish fi-eaks ; so that on hisf father's de?tb,/ wbidh 
happened a few years afterward;^ hefODuld duly 
read English with a broadirislx adeedt; ibho(ai|^ 

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m other reiE^ts, said ^^ ^^ I was accbiifkted a. 
v^jy "cute lad."* 

His mother, by the restraining laws of Ireland 
at- that tifne, which gave to the; next Protestant 
heir the , inheritance of every landed property from 
4he Popish possessor^ provided thd latter did not 
conform to the Protestant religion, lost her little 
hxtn by the operation of this cruel law, H^r suc- 
cessor, however, who had the unwritten laws o£ 
justice and humanity in .his heart, took bcraod 
her children under his roof, and gave her ever^r. 
kind of prrotection till she married a second time, 
and' got into some little line of iud/^peudencep 

In the neighbourhood of Mrs* Macklin there 
'Hved a near velation of the fiesborclaigh family, a 
widow lady, of considerable fortune taste dud 
kumniity'; who seeiag yi^ung Maseklifit ruiwing 
about her ^dands, and observing him to be a bpy 
of some ^irit^ ^sharpness, and enterprii^ei hospitftT 
bly took him under her. roof, in order to rctscuie 
him. from those vices and follies which a life of 
idlei^ss, pfcticularly in yoting n^iodii, t^. but too 
i^t to pirBdtece.' : Here be waa ibrthen iu»traoted 
ixiijeadisgr jind ivdttng; ami here it;w;«i: that 
.!Maeklin.(whQ toften expressed^ his gratitude to 
bit bisnefaictreBs^wfbc thia* kiiidpfisa) felt thisrgnst 
ij»p«sfiid-a:of Jij5 iieewsity i^f;»t^ud^iii^fmt 
q^cflpcci , to? od}iiwitiqn,. ;and . th^i Qrcler. af wliiwd 
2 i :.>'-;; life^ 

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10 xixoni or ' 

Itfer by beittg under the^ example imd restriction; 
of a regular family, and the awe of ^ woman erf 
her rank and kindness. 

While he was under the protection of this kdy^ 
Ae Tragedy of. ** The Orphan'* was got up, durinjy: 
the Christmas holidays, amongst some young re»: 
ktions of the family ; when, in casting the parta^> 
(however strange to tcll^) the character oi Mam< 
nua was assigned for young Macklin. To those 
who recollect the figure and cast of countenance 
of the veteran, it must be difficult to reconcile 
tiie possibility of his pefforming thb part, at any 
time;Of life, with tlie smallest Atgtee of propriety i 
however, if we are to take his own M^ord for it, 
(which U all the authorhy that can be adduced,) 
he, not onfjr Uiokediht gentle Monimta, but per-f 
formed it widi every decree of applause and en*' 
ecnmigenieht : the play was repeated three time$ 
Vitb gteat applause before several of the sur^ 
Tom^diHg gentry and tenants, and every time ho 
fAt himaelf acquire additbnal reputation* 

' If wa9 this accideiil: ithat^ in all frobabiiity^ 
dttterm^ed^ Mackltn to lus future profession. : Had 
sot thk play been casually producedi the chancer 
Di%re much agamsil hberep thinking :of the Stage; 
but this little part (no matter vhowweU or; ill pert- 
formed) ^wused and dtfieeled the itneirgiesrof^hift 
mind «o that patticnlai^^intf and^SjtibougliriBfmj 


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jmi% had efaipsed before he actually commenced 
a reguUr peiformer^ the Stage was what he most 
reflected on as the future object of his pursuits. 

His friend?, however, determined otherwise; 
as, at the 4ige of fourteen, he was bound appren«» 
tice to a saddler in the neighbourhood ; a man of 
good repute for respectability in his calling, and 
general character: but Macklin, having gotten a 
plater taste for higher life than the sedentary ha-^ 
bits of a tradesman, soon took a French leave of 
his master, and travelled up to Dublin on foot, 
with a fow sliiUings in his pocket, without any 
previous acquaintance, Irtters of reoommendati<jfi, 
or any other designation, but that boyish ram^ 
bling iilea, of ^^ seeking his fortune in the sat*^ 

How he managed to exist there, Macklin waa 
4tlways sitent; and perhaps it would have been 
^fficult for him to Retail : we may presume it must 
be a life of shift amotigs}; hkc^uMirymenf (as pnv 
vincialists or particular townsmen are so called in 
a capita},) tilt 'some mR7re>settled habits could be 
|>rdcured forhiiiiu All th»t he acknofv^ladged on 
l^s head v^s^ that, after beingidomti time in i))tab>- 
#tt, he got' setded as a bajIge^iMn in Trinity €ol- 
^ege; and, aB hfe knew a littie of reading, and 
wetting, and w^» beside a>lad'Of keen observatixHii^ 
tod(^:de$er}ii'm^4p2rit| heonadf l^mscifvery axy 
^^^^' cep table 

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12 . : MEMOIftS ar; 

ceptable to the scholim and fellcwis, t?hd g9>m 
him several pecuniary aids, j^eside hU, sti|>ul4ted 
allowaiice^ ' . ^ ; 

Many erf* the old ,di^itar}ea of the Church and 
Bar of Ireland have remembered Mackliu in tbist 
situation, and in particular a Counsellor 0'Calla«j 
ghan, a gentleman of great respectability, wbcr 
was called to the bar in 1713; M^hich, allowing 
three years for his keeping his commons in th« 
Temple here, fixes his quitting Trinity College, 
Dublin, in the year 1710. This gentleman often 
challenged his acquaintance with Macklin atCol^* 
lege, and used to tell several anecdotes of hrni^^ 
vhfch help to confirm the account we have al* 
ready given of the supposed period of his btrtlx^ 
as it is improbable to think that a boy of eight or 
Bine years of age (which he could only have been, 
if bom in 1699) could be capable of doing the 
duty of a badge-man ; or of being chargeable with 
tI)Qse irregularities and dissipations, whiqh> can 
-only b^ the errors of a riper age, . ; 

' - ' * / . '■ ■' '. ; - ^T 

It is diflScult to fix the precise tjraye he came to 
£nglarid, or the cause of it; ai few cmigra^np 
we<d made by the Irish a.t that time, excej* 
amongst those pf the higher classes of life forxple*- 
Bure, or those of the mercantile for business, Wfc 
^e no authoritative data before. the yeaj JSW^ 
<rf hiscomiogup to liandoji, aftd enga?gitig:>t^k 
,1 ;-;-;.: ' * Mr, 

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CHA'ftLES llAC^Lllf. 1^ 

Mf. Riieh, the Manager of Lincoln's Inn, for 
that season t but, though he had been strolling 
in sevtral of the English Country Companies be* 
fore, ** I ^pokf^ M familiar J Sir, (said Macklin,) 
and so little in the hoUy toity tone of the Tragedy 
ot that day, that the Manager told me, I had' 
better go to grass for another year or two/* 
Macklin took him at his word at the end of thd 
season^ and went down into a strolling company 
at Walesl 

Previously to. his going down into Wales, he 
spent d fe%v mtonths in London, in company with 
a i>ick Ashley, a son of the Dublin Manager, who 
was a man of a gay, dissipated turn; and who, 
beim^ wdl acquainted with the to^vn, introduced 
Macklhi into many scenes of riot and intempe- 
ratfcel In their frolics at the gaming-table one 
nigf^t,: Macklin wbti above fpuT hundred pounds; 
and with this sum (which at that time he thought 
inexhaustible) he, and a few of his companions, 
attihddd by two ladles of the town, went down 
to St Albans for a few days, to enjoy the plea-^ 
•ures of the country. One night they went to a 
public ball there; and as they dressed themselves 
at least very expenshely^ they were at first much 
taken notice of i but one of M«> ladies getting 
into H dispute about priority of place in a country 
dam^e, her language and temper soon discovered 
her profession, and she, with her companion, were 


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}4 HEI^OIRS 07 

instantly handed out of tlie room, and the gienttec 
men desired to follpw. " We at firrt tliougbt^ 
$iiV to bluster it oi^t, (^aid MackUn,) and talkoil 
pf hojiour and satisfaction, and all tjbat ; but nun^* 
bcrs overpowered u^; and, to itvoid the fat? of 
one o^ our companion^ who got a ^ad fmt to 
leave the room,* the i^est of iis made the best of 
our way out of the assembly-room." , ' 

In his rambles to Wales and Bristol about tins 
time, he used to tell of many frolics and adven- 
tures, which indicated a strong propensity to all 
those pleasures which were witWu his reach. H« 
was, by his own account, a great fives player, i 
great walker, a great bruiser, a hard drinker, ted 
a general lover ; and as he wa^ various in his parts 
as an actor^ and a cheerful comp^jiion, he W9$ M 
/much sought after, that aW the time which wa$ 
not dedicated to his profession, was spent in tJboac 

'1 ■ . * ■ 

Whilst he waa at Bristol^ he paid great attcm 

tion to the daughter of a gentleman who lived near 

Jacob's Wells ; and, after muieh solicitation, a 

night was appointed to receive him, and one of thfli 

windows, of th^ parlour left unbolted for the pur-^ 

pose of bis getting into the house. Unfortunately 

for Macklin, he had to ^hy^H^mkt and Hark^ 


♦ Hibernic^, " Kicked down stairs." 

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quin that night, which made it late: on his setting 
out too, he was overt^f n by a very heavy shower 
of rain, which almost drenched him to the skin; 
iiQ^, tQ pfi^e vsiSi%^x^ fttill worse, just fti he had 
raised the sash of the wiodow, in steppiiig in, h# 
hftppeiicd to. Qverset a larg^ China jar full of war 
ter, which mwie ^\tch a i^o«e aa to alarm the fa^ 
mi^. The ywng lady, however, w1k> be&l 
jvM^«d the ^wJ3e of it, was the^rst to run down 
IP see what w^ the matter; when die adviaed her 
Jpver to make the bc*t of Ws way ctut of tlie liou^ei 
i^ i)r4<r to save bis reputatioa and Iwr owtu 
lilAeklia obeyed ; and the lady lelt her escape w 
a^^ibly^ tb^t neSection got the better of ber love, 
fOMl 5he never afterwards ${K>ke to him. 

To do Macklin juistice, be used to tell the orv 
ia^ir^fihe i>f this story with soooe i>leasure, hopiogr. 
that Ibis.accidt&l; might have saved a young wo^ 
mfta fhrm a life of d^grace and misery ; and feel^ 
it^ hf«»elf ff m from the reflection o^ being the 
att&Or ff sueb a mtsfortime. 

He ofion used to speak of the merits of aeveral 
g£ bis .eeemlemporary performers, of both houses, 
when he first joined Rich's company in Lincoln's 
Inn Eields, which, as they are not generally known, 
M^ shall im&t m the course of these Memoirs. 


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tS ' iiE»roiBs i>f 


He cofifirmed the opimon we have of Booth fof 
his ptib^ and private cliaracter; and> though he 
repeated blank verse in the solemn articulate n)£lti-> 
ner of that day, there was a roundness and me- 
lody in his voice which was remarkably pleasing : 
his figure and deportment were likewise dignified 
land commanding. He used to dwell With d^fight 
oh his performance of the Ghost in Hamlet, which 
he mad«' very awful and pathetic. In this per* 
formance he used cloth shoes, (soles and all^) that 
the sound of his stepshould not be heard oh the 
Stage, which had a ch^racteristical efiFect. In hii 
Othello, however, Macklin gave the preference to 
&iry, who 'described the contFasted passions of 
iaoe and jeaious rugt in a manner much superipr 
to all the Othelfos he had ever seen. Cibber coni 
firmed this opinion : and, indeed, those who- can 
remember Barry in this part, when in^ tlie men* 
dian of his powers, must confess^, (witlioat beiti|^ 
able to draw the comparison between him and 
Booth,) that, diroughoiit the* wholeof his per- 
formance, they could have no idea' of e9^ellenC6 
-J^eyond it. . 4 ; 

Booth was, however, at times^ indolent, aOid 

would play under the par of his abilities,^ tiJl roused 

by the appearance of some critic in the house, 

JL who 

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who would put him on his mettle. One uight, in 
particular, as he was performing the part of Pyrr- 
Jius in the Distressed Mother, rather in a carelesii 
manner,, about the close of the second act, he dts* 
coveted Stanyan, the Author of the Grecian His^ 
tory» and the companion of Addison and Steely 
tn the pit. He instantly called for a glass of wine 
and water, and composing himself for a few mi^ 
nutes, entered on the stage with a spirit and dtg^ 
nky of deportment, that surprised not only the 
audience; but all the actors, which he contimted 
to the end of his part When he was undressing 
himsefi; lie explained the cause in the green-room, 
and added) ^^ I don't choose to be handed up to^ 
jnonrow at Button's, w ^ num losing bis theatrical 

IC : * ' ^ ■ ' ' 


Notwidistanding a quarrel he had with Quin^ 
he always spoke respectfully of his public character, 
and that he: was justly entitled to all the fkme he 
acquired in bis profession. This quarrel, though 
accommodated by the Manager, ^wat rather ^km^ 
ned over than healed. Whenever they met at re* 
hearsal, or in the green-room, it was '*Mr. Quin,*' 
and ** Mr, Macklin;" and a studied deportment 
on tiie aide of the former, seemed to indicate, tliat 
nothing but the necessity of business could ever 
make them associate together, 
V C An 

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: An accideht, «drmey eats after vrards, putanjeiwl 
to thisfocnipHty. Tliey both attended the fuberal 
of a brotlw pelfornierj and, after the iritenhent; 
thfey^ witia toftQy others, . retired to a tavern in Co* 
vent <jrard6li to spend the 'evening. Tbey were 
both -noi' starters ftotn tibeir bottle, and therefore 
Btaid late; insonrnch^ tJiat at about 6ix o'qledkm 
tbe in<t>rfiin^/:tfa€ .ctmspsoiy dropped oS ond bjr 
.o»4| iand;.thfy: \i<ere left atane to^thfer.> Quia 
kk>kjed ranndi and &k faiihself not a little embar*- 
Jn^Asdf M^kiin> iras m the same sdtdatioa;. and 
for fiootae (iBkuiteb a <foad ^ience ensued. Qtudi 
at last bs^okeigtound, andd^ankMackiiii's&ealthk 
Macklin .rcturneid k; and then t^^re wias BiK)ther 
^auae; aftiir ^vboch Quin^ m if ireOOvj^rlBg irmn m 
reverie, thus addressed his companion : *^ There 
has been a foolish quarrel between you and me, 
Sir, which, though aocon^modated, I must con- 
fess, I have not been able entirely to forget till 
PflwC ' Tlie fiQfiladcholy occasion of out* ineetitig, 
^^ :the ciHziunstalitre of our being left together, 
I; thank God, haisrte ikiade^ me «ce my error* If ^ou 
dm^ theiiefore^ feiEg^t it, give ftnre yodiriiand; and 
kt . us live together in fi^dre like bi^other per* 
fwmcrs." \; 

'Mackliii ibstantly stretched out bis hAhd, tod 
assured him of Ws friendsliip : after which they 
called foe a fresh bottle, to seal the reconciliation : 
to this succeeded aaaother; by whiciLtinieQuin 


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CHAMlEft'lfMtifLiy. H 

gtrt 9ci drunk, 11$ imi to be ^able to ^ekk^of m<we^ 
A diair wai ^ent for, but could tiot readily b^ 
found ; when Macklitt^ ^alHttg m tbe4m> waitW3f 
desired them to place him on his back^ which they 
did, and in this ina«n4?r carfitd Quitl^tiiufnphimt^ 
}y to his lodgings m the Pki^zas^ O^^ellt Qaf^iiet^^ 

Tliotigh this wdoncilialioti tbrtNv' off the re^ 
Straittt^hicfa<^tti7ilia^ before ueed to^iiSfe Mick^ 
iia, it did tiot ))r^y43fit him fVom oceia^ott^y TMk^ 
ing very sharp obs^vations dH hil |>ersM ifld 
{^rrfoniumc^s. In hife flfst perfHrtnatice Of Shy- 
lock, tbom^ struck wit^ the force and triith «f 
the rfpr6sentati(Dn, lie boutd not he<ii>^i^dahhhlgi 
^'If<T^^ Almighty wtites a|(»|^l^hatM!l» thi^ 
man mn^ be a Tiltain/^ Wh^^Mif^kMh &iA\ilfdf 
txuyt^\ accepted the ^Sftof l!ai^dtitj>l); ttlePop^^ 
Legate, in the revival of King John, (ti^Mfht 
was entirely unfit for,) Quin said, he was a Cari* 
diaul fn^ had origi4l^lty 'beai' « ^l4sh CWrk. 
And «4icn somebody otice observed IhatMacsknto 
miglit muke a ^gMd Si^Mor, hfttii^ iuch ifff^ii^ 
*w^ui WsCice; ^^'Lffiksi »r," fepUedQukii »*I 
jee ttodling in the fHlO^^s fiu:?, but ad-Mi'd di^ 

. At another ttvrte, it bei^g obserV^^d rtiat*Macter 
fin was a gb^d phUd^pker^ ^as uneH as agodtt ^/of, 
Qsrifitookfire, 4«dteplied, "Thefelk>wtaUc*tibotft 
fi^kisoptiy' 4Uid divwity too sonletimes, I grant 

C 2 you; 

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you; but I believe it „ will be found that he is a 
piviue withpiat Religion, a Philosopher without 
^prftls, aufi au actor without Grace." 

But the mos^ iU*natured things perhaps, that 
Qmn evec 9aid of him, aud to his face too, was 
upon the following occasion : when Macklin wai| 
bringing out his Tragedy of Henry the Seventh, 
or the Popish Impostor, on the stage^ ^^i^ told 
bini4t lirouldjiot succeed; and the eveiit tuhiing 
p^% pretty lic^rjly as^ he predicted, Quin said, 
.^; ,WeH, Sir> what do you thii^ of my judgment 
»PMrt?'r fSWhy, I think,'' says Macklin, " po- 
Irtitfify; n&kdom^ justice.'* " I believe they will, 
Si<t/ r^plje4 Qui>i; *'foV now your play is i>w/y 
^mned^ iljjUt p^itfrity^illhave the satisfection to 
*pow, that; ftJQthi play vxd Author met with the 

Quin had; wany eccentricities of temper, as is 
if^l rl^nown, eape<jiiyy onewhich seems to have 
e8capjs4: all his; bi0graphers; and that was an aur 
pual js^pur^ion be used t;o mak^e for about two 
j[i|Onths before the opening, of the winter theatres* 
He called these his autumnal excursit)my and his 
mode was as ' follows : He selected some lady of 
jeasy virtM^ amongst his acquaintance, iand agreed 
with l^r to ^ccopipafiy him on this tour, which 
was only to Ipt ^as far as one hundred pountb would 
sparry , them., , Quin reserved this 5uin for the oo- 


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caston ; and on this tbey^ set out witK Hbtle »^o 
premeditatioBy but what accident suggested.. At 
all the places they stopped at, Quin gave the lady 
, his name, for the better convenience of travelling ; 
and when the money was nearly ^peht, they ^o^afc- 
a parting supper at the Piazzas, Covent Garden,- 
where he paid her regularly the balance of the 
hundred pounds, and then dismissed her nearly 
in the fdlowing words: ** Madam, , for our mu- 
tual conveiftence, I have given you the name o£ 
€luiii for these some weeks past, to prevent the 
stare and impertinent inquiry of the: world. There 
is no reason for <;arrying on this farce here: here 
then let it end: and now. Madam, give me leave 
to U99fuin yoU) and restore to you your own name 
for the future/* Thus the ceremony ended, ^ and 
with as much ^ang /raid as any/of the modem 
Fiench divorces. 

« Quin had been at an auction of pictures some 
time before his death, when, old General Gurse 
came into the room. •* There's General Guise," 
Said somebody to Quin ; " how very ill he looks !'* 
"Guise! Sir/* says Quin; "you're mistaken; he 
is dead these two years.'* " Nay; but," says the 
other, " believe your eyes— there he is." At this 
Quit! put on his spectacles; atid, softer viewing him- 
from head to foot for some time, exclaimed^ 
"Why yes, Sir, I'm right enough; heha3 beea 
dead these two yeats^ it's very evident, and has 
now onty gotten a day^rule to see the pictures." 

C 3 General 

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sa ^i^no^iis Of , 

Ckpeti) ' Oui»e watt ftt tbis d)ijr)e ae feel^Ie, that 
hwf used to be aupported up the lopg flight of »tep3, 
to JU0g;fw4'» auction room^ by hia owa aermi^t^. 
^nd 09€ of Laiigferd's rac% t^ rwhojaiie wed tm 
cfccJaim, *s t^y wero aj^coidin^ ^^ Pdnwici Sirs, 
ifydu.tetipftefeU, rUkf^ckyoudcwmr 
'-:■.(,.' ^ ... 

/ Quifiy through Hfe^ aitpilorted bb iniepeniemA 
9f afmractdtj porWp$, far better tlian most enw* 
Aent pi«rfotti)iers* , Ho had not the ttciout com-» 
plbnicrot of Cibber, to gaiii aud prederve the eOfrtf 
pa»y bf the great vof Id; ior the olwequiou3nc3« 
irf Qarricid Ha know tho force of bis. own mind^ 
which at Ifa^t wa* on a piyr with tii^se he lived 
wkh ; avd he preserved that |iower wkh le^peot 
and iodependeiice. The common run of the 6r«l 
(cm aa tbia late Kitty CUve u$ed emphatieally tQ 
call them, ** the damaged Quality") !«'fre no 
objects of his choice; he therefore principally 
•ought oompaniona from the middle orders of lif^ 
lemarkjabkfof taste, karaing, and understanding} 
Or those po^aedsed with the milder vhtnea of tho 
heart. He reserved a fortsune autil<Henit for ^ 
inddig€fnce of tlpds kind of life: and though he^ 
perhaps^ pursued the sensual plesti&ureft too far fof 
imitation, both by conversation and enjoyment 
he Appears, oii the wliole, to have been a very 
eminent actor ; an ajccurate observer of life and 
manners; and, in point of ia^tegrity, and bene vo^ 
knee of heart, a good and praise-worthy man. 


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MRS. OI.DFI£i0« 

If cr fartt ww in those parts of comedy which 
i*«^piired vhacky and htgh-bred manntars; and in 
these, Maekim has oftea said he tterer semt her 
equalled. He was present at her fy^ reprcacnta^ 
tioA of Lady Xownly in 17fi8: and though the 
^ole of t^t pleasant and stasible comedy was 
receired with the moat unbounded applanse, Mrs. 
Oldfield formed the centre of admiration, from 
her lookn, her dress, and her admiraUe per fbrm<^ 
anoe. Most of the pet formers who hare played 
this part eince her time, he complained iiad too 
much UimiHes$m their manner, under an idea of 
its being more cm/ aiul well bred; but Mrs. Old* 
field, who was trained in the part by the Author, 
g»re it all the r^ge of fashion and vivacity: She 
rushed upon the (tage with the full consciousness 
of youth, beauty, and attraction; andanswerpd 
aH her Lord's questions with 9uch a lively indif- 
ference, as to mark the C9ntra$t as much in their 
manner pf speaking as of thinking : but when she 
came to describe the superior privileges of a mar* 
wed above a single woman, she repeated the whole 
of that Kveiy speech with a rapidity, and gaiett 
d^ ccgur^ that electrized the whole house. Their 
applause was so unbounded, that when Wilks, 
who played Lord Townly,. answers ^^ Prodigious!** 
the audience applied that word as a co^nptimenl 

C 4 to 

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to the actress, and again gave her the shouts of 
their approbation, 

, He confirmed what Cibber says of hcjr in his pre- 
face to The Provoked Husband; 'Hhat her natural 
good sense, and Uveiy turn of conversation, made 
her way so easy to. ladies of the highest rank, that 
it is less a wonder, if, on the stage, she sometiioies 
was, what might have become the finest wom&n 
in re'aljife to have supported." Macklin had of- 
ten sem her at Windsor, and at Richmond, of a 
^ summer's morning, walking arm in arm with 
Duchesses, Countesses, and women of the first 
situation, calling one another by their Christian 
names, (as was the fashion of those times,) in the 
most familiar manner. *' The women then, Sir," 
said the veteran, ** talked louder, laughed louder, 
and shewed all their natural passions more than 
the fine ladies of the pi^eisent day." 

Though Mrs. Old field, as is well known, had 
her intrigues, they were those of ^enriiweii/ more 
than interest. Previously to her connection with 
Mr. Mainwaring, she was much sought after and 
solicited by the then Duke of Bedford : her af- 
/ection, however, was so much in favour df the 
former, that she was on the point of surrendering, 
when tlie Duke called upon her one morning, and 
not finding her at home, left a paper on her dress- 
ing-table, inclu^ling a settlement on her for lifc^ 

. of 

Digitized by 


CHAELE8 itftCJOlIir. ^ 

of sis hmitedpmdsai/vtd .WkmdAtLJiUm^ 
waring nexticalM, and preawS anocteuoafmqliou: 
of his happiBe^s,: ^he caiid^l(3r«iQQDf« 
gards fpr.lum,'btft:toldrrJkiitn^ii"jHi> was*aiirJiiH; 
Jucky fdlo*', fpr that afomAthiQg had happened 
the <4ay, befow, whick, mu^. postpone thdir «« 
tended hj^ppiness*** ;H6.|>te5§?d:h«E^!tok|iQirithe 
cause; but:«be would not trfl him, tjll^ome^day* 
afterwards, when $hft hftd returned the settlement 
to the Dukfi,. aud.*cqui|ted;,^self in aHthoM 
points which trended on h^r independence; 

HRS. ponitER. 

He complained that Gibber, in his Apology for 
his Life, did: not notjice Mr§; Porter with thatlle- 
gree of pr^is? whi^^hhermlents justly entitled her 
to. Thorugh plain in her penon, with; not nuich 
sweetness in her voice from nature, yet, from 
great asiuduity in her profession, with an excel* 
lent understanding, and a good ear, she acquired ' 
an elevated; dignify in hfr n)ien, a full •tone, and 
a spirited propriety in all characters^of heroic 
rage. In the pathetic parts of tragedy she was 
no less eminent, as she performed the parts' of 
Hemiione and Belvidera for many years with 
^reat applause. 

The fower of mellozving the voicCy from constant 
assiduity and attention, though it appears ditH- 

. ^cult, 

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aff MSVoiBt or 

eol^ mndtomaaf, atafintblwh, almost inpos^- 
sible^ 1ms oftiea beta attended irith* sacccss, ai 
appeaA'ftMi d»itady <tf the Grrciaii and Roman 
actomy^at wdl a$ fVom our own obsenratkm on 
some modfrn FerfonMrs. When Mackfin irst 
• 0airMn. Danper (s^rwardstlie celebrated Mrs. 
Bkiny, and late Mrs. Crawford) appear npon tlM 
Yoi^lc stage, ber tones wvre so ^n/Zand^iscor^fanl^, 
that even so experienced a judge as he was, 
bought she would never make aft actre^; y^t 
such was the progress of her improvem^it under 
the tuition of the siher-taned Barri/j that her 
Lady Randolph, Belvidera, Grecian Daughter, 
&c. &c. exhibited some of the finest notes of the 
tender and pathetic. 

Of Mrs. Porter's Lady Macbeth, Macklinused 
to dwell with particular pleasure : he said k was 
better than Mrs. Pritcbard*S; " and when I say 
that,-* added the veteran, " I say a bold word; 
but she had more consciousness of what she was 
about than Pritchard, and looked more like a 
Queen. '^ And Davies informs us, that be had 


* Cicero iafor/os us, tkat the principal actors would' newtr 
•peak a word in thf moraiug before tkey had txpectorated mo- 
tbodically their voice; letting it loose by degrees^ that they mjgbt 
not hurt the organs, by emitting it with too much precipitance 
and violence. And Pliny points out, in several parts of his Na- 
tural History, no less than twenty plants, which were reckoned 
specifics (ot that purpose, ^ ^ 

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hem toM qI an unsucoe^^ul e^^pfiMEievt onco- 
imde to iiHroduca Lady Maclxetb'si mrfrite 0»4 
fitmting sc^Qr which Garricktlioiightwfavwte* 
aft' actress «4. Mrs. Pi?itchiM*d c(ml4 not attomptt 
MmIU»l a|^9M abd¥t the inabitity gf Pritchardj 
but was clearly of opinion, that Mrs. Porter could 
hwe cw^it with lan audi^oce to i^^uce tbi^m t» 
f iMUtfe the hypQQriiy of auch a $Q?a^. 

Ton ^ W AtKlR, 

m be was wn^tautly cajl^, (the sonouch cdl«^ 
braled origkial Macheath in The Beggar'* Qpiera,) 
waa w^U fcupwn to Macklin both oii aud off the 
Hage. He va^ a young mtxi^ rather risiog in the 
m^dhcre parta of connedy, whea the following ac* 
ctdcnt brought him <uit in Macbeth. Quin was 
firat designed for this part, who barely sung well 
eoough to give a convivial song in company, 
vbichy ftt that time of day, was an almost iadis* 
pensible claim on every performer; and on tbia 
tccouu^ perhati^ did not much relish the bii^H 
uess: the high reputation of Gay, however, and 
the critical junto who supported him, made him 
drudge through two rehearsals. On the close of 
the last, Walker was observed hunjming some of 
the ^n^s behind the scenes, in a tone and liveli* 
ness of manner which attracted all their notice. 
Quia laid hold of this circumstance to. get rid of 
3 ^ the 

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28 ifEifoiR* 6t 

die |>ar<^ and exclaimed, '* Aye, tfiere's a mim 
i¥ho is inuch more qualified to do you justice* 
than I am." Walker was called (m to make the> 
eitperimentj and Gay, who instantly , saw the 
dififerenee^ accepted him as the hero of his pieces 

V , ■ ' ' 

» ; , ^ , 

Whilst on the subject of The Beggar's Oprtia,' 
any little circumstance relative to this celebrated 
piece, we trust, cannot but be entertaining to the 
amateurs of the drama; and as such, we insert 
the following; well knowing how perishable the 
anecdotes ofmodern times are, which, from being 
too often only committed to memory, die' with 
' the present possessors, and are lost to posterity* 
How Httlel for instance, do we know of thefami^ 
liar life and habits of Shakespeare^ who lived in ail 
age when history began to assume a creditabl^ 
shap6, and whose high and transcendant talents 
should liave commanded the attention of th6 
whole literary world 1 yet that little would have 
been less, were it not for the researches of Rowe, 
who, perhaps, ^W/ in time, snatched those matet 
nib from perishing, and left them as a basis for 
his succeeding biographers to bnild upon. ^ 

This celebrated opera was first brought out at 
the Theatre in Lincoln's Inn, in the spring of the 
year 1728, and the characters were as follow. 

.^ ^ . - ' \* MEW* 

^ V 


zed by Google ^ 





, Jemmy Twitchcr, - 
Crook-fingered Jack, 
Wat Dreary, • 
Robin of Bagshot, - 
Nimming Ned, 
Harry Paddington, - 
Mat of the Mint, • 
Ben Budge 
Beggar - - - 

' Cpn&tables, 

Mrs. Peachum^ 
Polly Peacham, 
Lucy Lockit,..^' 
Diana Ti^pes, 
Mrs* Coaxer, 
Dolly Trull, 
Mrt, Vixen, 
Betty Doxy, - 
Jenny Diver, 
Mrs. Slamalcm, 
Suky Tawdry, 
Molly Brazen, 


Mr. HmuLt.^^ 
• • Mr. HaLL. t ' 
Mr. Walxbe. 
Mr. Claek. 
Mr. H.BuLLOC%i^ 
Mr. HouGUTOir. 
*• Mr. Smith. ' 
Mr* Laot. 

- • . Mr. PtTT. 

Mr. Eatov. 
Mr. Spillse* 
Mr. MoEGAir. 

- ' - Mr. Chapmav. 


Drawers, Turnkeys, &c. 


Me8. Maetiv. 
Miss rBNTOH. 
Mrsi Eglztok. 
Mrs. Maetiv^. 
Mms. HoLinAr. 
Mrs, Lact. 
Mrs. Rice. 
Mrs. Rogers. 
Mrs. Clark. 
Mrs. MoeOak* 
Mrs. Paliw. 
Mrs. Sallee* 



Thomas Walker, the original Macheath, was 
the son of Francis Walker, of the parish df St 
Anne's, Soho, and was bom in the year 1698. 
He was bred under Mr. Medow, who kept a pri* 
yate academy near his fatlier*s house. 

Havin g 


by Googk 

Having an early incliiwtion for the stage, he 
first t;ried,l;us success jn a,Mr.. Shepherd's <x)fnpa- 
ny, where lie. was fifst found out-by Mn, Booth, 
acting the* part of Paris, in the^DroU of *^The Siege 
of Troy,** wfio saw in him such an early proinise 
of talent, that he recommended him to the^Ma- 
nager o£ Jprury JLane; where he nuide his ^f%f. ap- 
pearance in the character of Lorenzo, m "The 
Jew of Veni4e^^ about th^ year 171^. 

The fotl6wing year we'findhim at BruryXanc 
Theatre^ in the part of Charles, jn ".The Non- 
juror," a, Comedy founded on Moliere's ** Tar- 
tuffe," and tltfrtd by €oltey Cibfeer. This gave 
him his first establishment as an actor, which he 
supported >Yith increasing credit till the beginning 
of the year 1728, when accident, as we have be- 
fore related, hrought him out in the character of 
Macheath, under the management of Mt. Rich, 
Lincoln's Inn Fields r so that, as it was ihtn said 
of him; Booth found him a hero^ atad Gay dub- 
bed him a highnmyman. 

The appki^^ whieh he obtained in Maebeath, 
checked his progress as - a general actor. His 
company, 'from this circumstance,' w^as so eagerly 
sought after by the gay libertine young mea of 
fashion^ th^t. hp soarpely ev^ iQber,.insqr 
much that wearetoldby the con tempor^y writers 
of that day, that he wa^ fiequently lender the acj- 
cessity of eating Sandwii^hes (or, as they^ werp 


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then called) anchovy toasts) bduD^ 1^ 9oene8, 
to alleviate the fumes of the liqttDr. 

He was not, however, altogether without Jiis 
hours of study and retasement, as Vre find bimi a 
few years afber his success in ''The Beggar's 
Opera, " sitting down to an alteration of some pUrt 
of D'Urfey's Works. Tom D'Urfey, the well- 
known dramatic poet, having wrote two plays 
under the title of MasmneUOf founded on the 
celebrated rebellion of Naples, byThonxasAnello, 
a fisherman of that city, Walker took some pains, 
in the course of a summer vacation, to shut him- 
self up in the Theatre, fo> the purpose of reduc- 
ing them into one piece. This task he performed, 
and brought it out the following winter with some 
success. A ballad at that time, written by Leigli 
the Actor, and Author of a Comedy called ** Ken- 
sington Gardens,'* takes notice of this circum- 
stance in the following stanzas: 

** Tt>iA WAlker, bk credkots^tieMihig to cbouBt, 

L&e aa honest, good^nattiT'd yo9Utg Mlow, 
Resolv'd aU the summer to st^y in the house. 

And lehcafse l)y himself Massianelia:^ 
But as soon as he heard of the Barop*s success, 
He 9tri4>t off his night-gown, and pot on his dttess, ' 
And cri«d, " D— mn my bl — d, 1 'wiH«trike for no ten.'' 
So he caU'd o'er the hatch for Will Thomas.* 

Will Thomas, &c. 

" Go, 

* A waitet at the Coflfee-house, !Portiigal-strcet, opposite 
the stage door. * '' 

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.nOfK^ utiiTtiy ypung IJoilV? flttidtlib uiHtat ybong nian^ 
<< I beg he'd iftvite n^^t^'^^iiaer; 

^' I'll be as diverting as ever I can ; 

- " lwi}\, by the faith pf a sinner. 

^* 171 mimic all Actors — ^the worst and the best ; 
; a ^I*tf smg hiiA k song— IH crack hint a jest ; 
i f m^ialBe him i^cVbtf fer thaa Henley tie print/'* 

\ , .. ,. Will Thomas, &c. 

tt^alker was the Author, pf two other dramatic 
^ijeces, VIZ.' '^ The Qualcer's Opera ;*' and a Tra- 
gedy, called ^;The^f2^eo{Ti]\d\ny.'' Tlie first 

.of these was ^acted' at Lee and Hooper^s Booth, 
Baftholomew Fair, 1728, immediately after the 
run of " The Beggar's Opera/' the warm sun- 
shine of which hatched this bantling into iife, and 
gave it, under the patronage of the popular Mac- 

'heath, a temporary protection. 

The other, '^TheFateof Villainy/' was brought 
out at Goodman's Fields, 1730, with very indif- 
ferent success. When he was discharged Covent 
Garden Theatre many years after, which his re- 
peated , dissipations rendered indispensibly neces^ 
sary, he carried those two pieces with him to Ire- 
land, and prevailed upon the DuWin Manager to 
bring out the last under the title of *^ Love s^nd 


• The celebrated Orator Henley, who was laught to xe^A 
• by ^Yalker. 

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Nx>velty drew an audience the firsjt night; but 
the second being given ont for, his benefit ^n4 
not being able to pay in half the otpences of the 
hou^e, the doors, by order of thje Manager, were 
ordered to be kept shut " But that precautipn 
was needless, (says Chetwood, the Promptprj who 
tells this anecdote,) as very few people came to 
kiqiiire the reason of it" . > 

This last disappointment broke m so heavily on 
a constitution previously shattered by continual 
dissipation, that he survived it but three days ; 
dying in great distress, in Dublin, in the year 
1744, and in the forty-sixth year of his age. 

Davies, (Garrick's historian,) who knew [Wal- 
ker personally, says, " He had from nature great 
advantages of voice and. person : his countenance 
yas manly and expressive; and the humour, ease, 
and gaiety, which he assumed in Macheath, and 
other characters of this complexion, rendered him 
a great favorite' with the ptiblvc. ^He knew little 
scientifically of music, other than singing a song 
in good ballad tune ; but that singing was. 5up^ 
ported by a speaking eye, and inimitable action.'* 

/ * Bavies enters into the mejit^ of several of his 
cTiaracters. ** In Falcortbridge, (says he, ) though 
Garrick, Sheridan, Delane, and Barry, have at* 
tempted it, they all fell short of the merits of Tom 

D Walker. 

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Walker. • In bim felone wei* fiwind the 6*vwal re- 
ijuisitei fM tl«S dWricter: a strong and muscdlar 
persoti, a bbhd mtl-epid look, manly depwtmefrt, 
Vigorous action, ahd a humor which descfen^dted 
to an easy fitmiHarky in conveying a jeit, or sar- 
fcasih, with uncommon peign&ncy. 

" When Falconbridge replies to Safisbui^'6 taufit 
of galling him, 

<' You kttil battier gall fWDeira, 5att^tiry» 
If tboubii)t ftow^.oo'iQ^^ or rtjr tjiyfoot^. 
Oc teach, tb^ hasty spleen to de me shaipe. 

Jt teach, t 

:'ll s/rike I 

I'll strike thee dead ;" 

Walker uttered these words with singular proprie- 
ty: he drew his sword,, threw himself into a no- 
ble attitude; sternly knit his black brows, and 
gave a loud stamp with his foot; insomuch that^ 
pleased with the iPlayer's commanding look and 
vehement action, the audience confirmed the 
energy of his conception^^^ with tlieir most un- 
bounded approbation. 

, When this l^ragedy (Klng^ John), was, first re- 
vived at €k)Yent Gard fen Theatre, one fiowmaiii 
whq . had beeu previously a dyjer, acted the parj 
of Austria; when in reply to Falconbridge^s re- 
peated insutt, • ' ^ 

** Ha«g a cair^sk&i on those iBcreajot ilmbs/' 

, whether 

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instead <tf irtfc^mg iUe wply as he ought, lae; in a 
^d, vulgar tone, pi*Qttou«fced it thte i ' ^^ 

Of this the audience at first did not observe the 
impFQ^iety j but; : Wt^lker,. in tb§ : ^tftrdk^ ,by 
chaogiftg the wor4> bpfficke^ ,tfi .pnek^t^ iffiip^^ 
Bpwman> miafeofip, . iI<»ok, action,. ^»d.tnrtP,jQf 
v<Mce, S(^ ridi<juk>u;Sliy. httWPrOus^' a^ all^QH! Q«Sft 
voUed tl)c audience with lighter.} w]^c| ^^tiithtf 
*^nqfci .lpn}e g4ve.?u(?h lou^lapp^aHfte toW^lfefir, id 
quite cpftfoMiid^d poior Bo^ma^.utThe ifttpt:vsfl< 
Bowman, though a jolly compamon, a writer of 
ba<^?h«»a^ijan m^j \^he aH|h^ ef fi >^%jnQver 
iK2ted^. aad arvery feQi«e|s<;,m»n„ was; very fjeficiei^i 
in ^th^ j^rofjgssipn.of act^^gu he cfit^red fr^w the 
stage &ooi^ aftej-j ai?.d filled the, pl^fcQ,cEf^Upierinr 
tendant to a brewhouse with becoming propriety. 

In fieverfl oth^r part^ of Tragedy, Walker's 
lookj deportment, and action, gave a distin- 
guished gl^re to tyrannip rage, and unc<)rrimon 
force to. the vehemence of anger: his Bajazet and 
Hotspur have scarce been rivalted»_ * " . 

" Ht was the only Actor,'' cantiiirics XHiViesi 
** I Ficmember;, that couJd give catosequcnoe ta 

D 2 such 

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96 ii£K{>|R|liqf 

^ch Under parts as Worthy^ , v^ ^* %h^ He^ruitiilg 
Officer/ afid Harcpurt; ia .^-•Tlie Country Wife/' 
Indeed, in tlw.g^y libertines eitl^^rof .Gon)edy a? 
Tragedy, he >«^as a most pleasant Actor; and of 
PolydorOi in ^' The. Orphan,", and Bdmour, in 
*^The Old Bachelor," it was donbtfnl to say 
which he excelled in most." 

. ,. .^ . - ^ ' ; ' ■ A ' "*^ i\ 

. But these talents, pleasing and popufer as they 
were, by continual debaucHerles, lost all their at- 
tractions; and '^heni he was discharged Covent 
Garden Theatre, it may' strictly be said of him, 
x^ he had previously discharged those qualities which, 

\ V^ a one period of his life, hfed rendered him so 
much the favourite of the theatrical *^orld» 


There "ijs a mezzotinto of Walker, in the cha* 
racter of MaCheatJi, rather licarce, now to be seen 
^' at some of the old print shops, which ^as reck- 
oijed by Davies.a very striking resemblance* 


6f the private life of Hyppesly, little is known ; 
but of his merit as a Comedian there are many 
favourably testimonies from several of his con- 
temporaries. ** Hyppesly was a Comedian of 
lively humour, and droll pleasantry, which he 
often pushetl to their full extent ; but he would 
1, .; - generally 

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gcttar^lty 'fitdp short bn the brink' ©f excess. He 
inay'bestrictfy denominated ja sober Shut er^ vrho, 
4J[iougii otherwise a Comedian of infinite mirth, 
4t>ften d^ne*ated into biiflfoontrry;*' 

Hyppesly pleased every body but the Actors of 
IJis own thne, who, t^ith an envious malignity, 
wouid often jWJmpait the weakest of his perform- 
ances to the best <rf Colley Cibbcrand Ben Jon^ 
son; men who in some parts were indisputabljr 
his superiors ; but no Comedian ever ex^elted him 
in describing the excesses of avarice and amorous 
dotage. Me supported an indifferent Comedy of 
Tom D'p^rfey's, now absolutely forgotten, called 
^^a?he Plbtting Sisters,** by his^ incomparable re- 
presentation of Fumble, a ridiculous old dotard.: 

Corbaccib, in Jonson's " Volpone,** is a strong 
portrait of covietousness, a vice which predomi- 
nates iti the man when almost all bis faculties of 
body and mind are extinguished. Corbaccio can 
neitlier seei nor hear perfectly. Hyppesly 's looks 
told the audience that he was a deaf man, for liis 
dim eyes seemed to inquire out the words which 
were spoken to. him. In this character i it was 
acknowledged; that he excelled his great' oohipe- 
titbr Ben Jonson. ' ;. . 

: Fldellin, in Shakesj^eare's ^* Henry the Fifth," 

was ajiothep of his favourite parts. Here he re- 

' D 3 presented 

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08 Ufm(^lM QWr . 

pk'feseD*«t,th6r<el3l(?)!terlc $pitii,: mA mmxte a^^tif% 

Author designedr-rtfe^i.braw.pflfoe^^ m^ gftllw* 
soldier, marked with some harmless peculiarities. 

, vHeillikewifte/ejj^cfiHedifi^: |^efeiOpvGardri»er, in 
iA:Jtew5f tte!EightlteJVA^HioK:*hQ«g¥^/^ 
«iqi)^mtili<tos ctefccieri; k gemnVi^ girentoaome 
}(iw/ Cpttiedift^^^^^^ in Ih^^xitrpme. 

ShAter eisd:. a[Jas\Ydlhga«*;it.ieyjeiylBx«r^O)Q^ :cf 
ti'iGk[.aa4.,feufl&Hmer5r<j ffciiLt)Jiy^>pe$lyj tfeowgh he 
'jeould »tfjD fymg0 xht itribtite of mirtbi due to the 
^Iteriefi'Jn «oriievpj«s»ftg€b of this |>art^'|)rcservje!d 
HewQrtg;^ qf {*bei de4o;riitf ^ppfopriatevtOthBiCh^ 
f ^eteii4rf!aJt^whrip^ftb(l FrJYjr Couiitellori' j i 

^Sir,>WtIfUl WitivjSfiM ii^iWja«ot^ 
tersy iq jiwbich he wa^^no iiuiitotorrofiauotber 
tpflan- $; .matiaeF, : . but >iolelj! . directed by the force ^ 
;Qf)bi^;oM^ii gembs?: for ibbmigh: he .was -nQt so 
.jAugJiaWe a^ figure i$;E[af per afc Dmry, Lane^ yet 
;he excejjedhiu) injeomic^^iritiand patiiuaJfanhtrioar^ 

Hyppfisljrr'S^is rbeKewi. wasMheJaBbAcjtorAvJio 

^perfewrm^' thc.part ^of oAjitonio; the fodlisl^: dch 

baucheid Senator in ** Venice Pjesefvedv"'aridin 

the solilpquy, where he displays the ridiculous 

*i^l()qufena^,*Qf tlie ;chara^^r^ alK^aiys obt^hed;great 

^pplau^e, 1 It, 13 i^ojwr above halff a oeritury sinee " 

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the whole of tljis ridiculfH^ ^i^^e wa^,f4U oiit,^ 
whioK though it wa3 a teM; of ijaye licentjlpu^.age Iq 
N^hich it was wnttiepi, was at 9II times a§ disgj-acf^ful 
t(^. the dn^iua as it was to the rules of decency and 

It is no wonder, then, thf t a ni^ of this vaf 
lipus humour, and dramatic ^hilily, shoul(^ be se^^ 
lected for Peaehum; and though we remember, i^o 
particular encomiums on him in this part^ (th^ 
Hero and Heroine drawing off so muc^i pf thf 
public attention,) yet the general prai^sbestowe4 
op the Opera, and all the original P?fformefs^ 
and this continuing a favourite part wif^ )iim tf 
the last, there is every presumption to suppose, he 
at least acquitted himself witfe bis uraal^rourfllence. 

Tliere was a little. Interlude, called "Hypp^sly^s 
Drunken Man,'' which he always^ produced ajt njs 
benefit, and in which he i^s^id to have greatly 
excelled. Shuter, after Hyppiesly^s deatl^, hrpught 
it out frequently for his benefit with suicdess. It 
was the soliloquy of a drunken mail who adepts 
the character of sobrietyt ,. 


John Hall was originally a dancing-hiaster, whp 
hsd acquired some money by his profession, and 

P 4 lifterwards 

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afterwards became a proprietor in Old Smock Al- 
ley Theatrt, Dublin, about the beginning of the 
reign of George the First, tdong with John Leigh,* 
a person of some education, and whose figure and 
address gained him the appellation of Handsome 
Leigh. Not profiting much by the trade of Ma- 
nagers, Hall and he came over to England, and 
got an engagement at the New Theatre in Lincoln's 
Inn Fields, under ihe management of Mn Rich. 
Leigh made his first appearance in Captain Plume^ 
in The Recruiting Officer^ but not with any great 
success, if we may judge of the taste of the town 
by the following couplet on the second night of 
fcis performance^ 

'^ TIb/ right to ww^Tficruits^i for faitU they're w«|ited ; 
^' For pot one acting soldier's ber&^'tis granted.*' 

e hear nothing till he figured away in 
ch, from his person, rather inclined to 
it^ a. knowledge of the slang of the 
it was then called^) and a proficiency 
quired hijn great reputation. 

iflis quondam Brother Manager Leigh, though 
no very great Actor, distinguished himself as an 
occasional P]ay-writer and Ballad-monger; and 
the Author of the ballad which ridiculed Walker, 
took thp opportunity to have a fling at Hall, )vbom 
Jie thus despribes in the following stanzas ; 

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' ' JadK Hidlt ;Wfaa Wat thet jvst W9k^i (rm A^^ 
Said, turiung about to Grace Mpffelj^* : i , 
** TvifouW vex any dog to see pudding thus creep, 
** And not have a share in the profit.** 
** If you have not,** says Grace, ^* yotfrc not Mr. tfaf!;*' ^ 
^ And if I have not, it shall cost me a (all ; 
^* For half a loafs better than no bread at all; . 
r 4^pd io rij o^ w\ for Will Thod^aa, , 

« Will Thomas.*^ 


'< Go, tell my young Lord I can teaclv bku to donee, " ^^ 

•'.AWio' I'm no very great talker; 
** III shew him gpod manners just landed from Frafice : 
'" That's more than he'll learn from Tom Walker I 
^ I am a rare judge of good eating and sense ; 
*• And then as for English — I understand French." ■ 
« I'll tell him so, Sir," srtys Wia Thdraas, . • 

\ "WiirThomaaJ' 



The last century has not produced, perhaps^ t 
^eater iQ8tai|ce of the change of fortune in:a!^ 
individual, than in the character before ua^: it 
presents us with a woman,, who, in the language 
t)f llie law, mxs no bo4fy*s. daughter, bred up, in 
the early parts of her life^ at the bar of a, public 
coffce-houie ; afterwards introduced upon the 
stage; with a handsome person, and attractive 


. • Gf^aoe Moffet, daughter to Mr. Hall's second wife, wh# 
kept the Bell and Pragon, in Portugal-street. 

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accoin[4f^mebts^; ttuA'^yei; vhh Ml-^thts^tevda 
to seduction, conducting hcrstlf tHth' that pro- 
priety and conduct, ipis to attain the ijrst rank in 
the oorintry, with, the e^lt^^nj ^ apprpbatiw of 
the public. . , . , 

Lavinia Fenton (W^ ^hisf waaf ce^mm^ttlydirfed 
ftoih hqr childhood up to her marriage) was the 
daugkier. of. a; Mr. fiaswick* a Li^u.tmapt 'in the 
Royal Navy, and urasHbora in Ihfe yiear'1708. 
Not lltyhg' ifter her birth, herrndthemdrriedMr. 
Fentdn, who kept a coffee-house at Chiring-cross, 
.who, perhaps, fijj^dmg it mure respectably to give 
his daughter-iivJ^^w the n»n>e of Fentpa,, fban 
h$r rtal father's name, she was, soon after the 
marriage, known by no other name than that of 
Lavinia Fenton. 

Her genius was almost entirely the gift of na» 
ture: she discovered a taleiit fbtsi'Qgiag almost 
coeval with her speakiifg; and she improved it op 
much by contiivual practice as she gtcw up^ that, 
at a very early age^ her adopted father took iao^ 
tice ^f it, and got her itittvucted by 9ome oF the 
best piasters. She was 6aid to have possessed a 
fine, wmpte, melodious voice; and as Italian single 
ing was little ^rultivatcjd at that time, and perhaps 
out of the.reaoh of her father's finances, she was 
principally educated in the English ballad, in 
which, flom thd reputation she has left behind 


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lier, on tbe^atrtfeotity of the best judges of tibat 

jday^ she musthwe greatly ««eHod. 

- ■ • ' t\' ... 

Wkh ^eae talentey and in so consptcudns -a »r 
tuation as that of a cofiee^iosise^ itis no #onder 
that she readily found an entr^ ui)on the stage. 
Being introdaced to the Manager of febe ttay-^^ 
naiket Theatre lieinstantly engaged her; not^it 
^ajqtean^ sdtogetfaer as a dinger; as her deiut>^ 
ithia Theatre was in Monimia, in the Orphftn, 
-vkich jiappened in the year 17S6, when she^waa 
Jhut eighteen years of age. j t 

Ske soon was considered as a Tiaing>actrefits^ 
and obtained from the town a very consid^able 
share of applause, accompanied with some valua- 
ble presents, which was the mode of conferring fa- 
(Vours oil the Perfiarmers of those days, without 
any impeacbmentof the latter's characters, either 
•for .meanness, infidelity^ &c. ^They were cort- 
isidered as pledges of public esteem, and as such 
jhewn by the Performers to their fiiends and ac- 

Independently, howcv^, of the/ public favour, 
fiiie: fadutl ^many admirers of another nature, and 
Aimangst the rest, a young libertine of very high 
irank, who fell so desperately in love with her, 
(that he offered to relinquish all the pleasures of the 
|»wn, iri, which he took. so distinguislied a lead, 


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''^ ■ I ■ * 

Jmd TCtireLinth fieriirito thcxrooBtryJ upon awjr 

terms, short.-of TuarriiJge, she ^^vtould propose. 

This oflfer, which was well known,, was, however, 

*]iejccted with dbdain^rand by it' iiw^iitry x^dhsi" 

dei:5^bly^dcd tobcr isepiitation. ' . . / .]/.' 

-vSion after this die ajppearcd m}the>^hnmc^T aX 
Cbercy; lia f^ The Bealix's : Stritt^gen*,^ xmhj so 
Inach advantage from! figure^ simplicity a^atc)^ 
iifiss>.;illat Rich, the Manager of CoventGardcJi 
iHieatre,. -drew hef from the Haymarkdt by the 
tempting offer of fifteen shillings] per ! meek; at 
which salary she remained till the beginning of 
ith^i^eaf.l^as^. (Xhe;ycar of the Beggar's Qpeta,) 
il^bicdofjimay be considered as the great aera of ber 
futoiue fortune... > - . , . . ,. : 

• /• ■■ fi i *', *■ * '-* • . i •■ .' ' - • . -^ '^ 

* iQf the astonishing success of this Opera. .00 
much ,has been already said, that .it would be 
tiresome torepedt it; iv^e shall therefore -only meii- 
iioa ;>one circum8tan:C6, .hitlicrto little known-; 
wh?^ that Richy)the>^. Manager, in order to 
secure the liew Polly, (Miss Fenton,) raised her 
salary to double, which made it amount to, thirty 
9hUimgs pfer week* And here it is ciirious to re- 
gard , the difference of tinges aa it respects the state 
iof tnttsic and gjenefal state of- society. In^the 
yeftr )728, a first rate singeri^could only obtain 
thhiy «A^*///«^^ -j^r :week, (Iwhicb, according it 
th^*ijtnibdi' of playiffg weebsiiithe.seaaQn, amounts 


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to fiw\tjii-Jm .pmnds pdr; ji«i,>^^iUt a fin* ritt 
sioger ia , th^: r yeat, 1 aQirv^w^* thbu^t^^wbttliy <o^ 
Ui : AcbitratiQu betwf <t^ tm» ilvaL Managers;: fconU 
tending who should have her, at the rate ofltimA 
thousand pounds the season, and a clear benefit! 
* ' " ...» J • - • .^ . - ' 

, WMt mmt iiiitcrea&e^ i;^ laiiglbrty diffdtctiqe ii 
still inore -eunou». It cannot be^tluedifiinrenee 
m ihp pleyvk^y of monfcyj asIitrjtflfecAs rioifc^dier ar- 
ticles i9 tb$o^iAe propoi^Qn: it c^tunotibe the 
gfeat superiorijy of .talertt^ for. ti<mgii Mfs^i Bil^ 
Hngtcjj), we »(}^it^ luay be a much bdtter auid)h]ore 
scientific singer than Mi^^^iFiewtdn, ydt the latter 
was the best theatrical singer in her day. Where 
tljen li{?$, the differed cft?\Atesi We-fear l«r|>tice 
it under ijts proper headj trawfierrcd to 
the siipefiqr folly a*d dimpationi^fntkMifgoseiit 
yaqe, who- wjli bear this ' monstrous tax dn^heir 
pl^asuies witliout the least cojisidjprationof /what 
it is in,^in,sically wortl^ pr how far t^Kjy^ ardabU 
to afford it. : .iik* ' 

f * 

A\^at?yer- ftljiss Feiitq«'$^ fpal afeilities were as i 
singer or actress, we may venturfe to pronounce^ 
from the universality of her fame, and the pane- 
gyrics ^ft^hidi a^ jeft betfindt <>f ber» that no aetrfess 
jvas ever more the rfge of the public than.sht 
y(f^: The fan shops and prjkit sbopa exhibitttl 
^54f figure evf ry d^y ; a^ the Tbeatre/ for w*^- 
thrjfc representations the first ^wson,: every nigfbt; 

[ All 

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A3iitii4io nsw aad; beii;d lier, v^en htr ^imitet^f 
itoomuich Unit she yas guarded hctjmj evepy tiight 
she went &om the Tfaeati^^ by setemi cbttfidiMtiat 

fitsctids* "^ 

She was» however, deaf to all amorous propo- 
lalv t^ the Duke of&dton paid his ciddFesseis to 
her^ wrhoj dioughv a marHed man, irad actualFy 
m Icore ^with her^ and oonvinced her>6 itiuch €tf 
tiie sincerity of his passion, and probably with a 
fiiture promise of becoming a Duchess, (if ereiits 
^oidd give him >thait chance,) that she dt last 
yielded to hi$ solidtatioDs. 

WJiat were her origiiiat' t^rms ^h\i Hie Dufce 
JST iaot exactfy knd^^. Swift, who .wrote from 
the ccfinvon report of that day, in a letter, datetl 
ethiJaly, 17e», says^ *^ The Duke of Bolton has 
fun away with l^\y Peachum, having settled font 
hundred fper year on hef during pleasure, and, 
upon disagreement, two hundred more." Perhaps 
something like this might be true; but the exact 
termavwerendvar known, aft a separation never 

< She lived with' thtd Nobleman twenty^hree 
yearsia^ his i^i^tresl^ but' in such a manner, as 
tojattract neithe^eli^y br ^e|^roachi (if we exc^ 
thfeiCirmt of attaihhi^ fe*rself to a mafried man.) 
MibfDtjche^s tidying in J751, the Duke imme- 
. -'. • 3 , diately 

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CHA1tS.ES MAC^tlN. 47 

dSMefy mpemAMistlEaAoti; and, thcni^ raised 
to this btj^ hofiour^ ^die never onoe fot^ot whtd 
ike o\v« beriieaefactor.aiicl to Fortune, j Sbe 
eiijoytcUltUifr>digf«ity nine years, dying in-dieycar 
1760, attheageoffifty^WK 

^e iK^s^lmrred at Greenin^ich widi all appropri- 
ate/ bmioiirs ; > and her grand^daughtcar fay lim 
Diito bdx^e mavriage, is noir a Bu-oikess of tkia 

The Duke of BalKm is said to have often de- 
clared, that he was first captivated by the plain- 
tive <and bewitching manner in which FoUy fiuikg 
the following addnsM to ha &ther : 

" Oh 1 ponder w^ll-— be not seven; 

So save a wretched wife! 
For on the rope that hangs my dear, 

depends poor Polly's life," 

We 'sfball dose th^ account of this celebrated 
character with the following euldgiuim given of 
her by a very late respectable authority, Dr. Jo- 
seph WarMn, who, in a Hole sobjohied to one of 
SwifVs^ lettem to Gay, thus speEiks of her. . 

^' She wa^ (says he) a v^ery accomplished and 
fiM)Bt agteeable companion ; had much wt<^ ^od 
strong sense, and a just ta^te in poUte literature^ 
Her p^non ivas agreeable a^d wellmade^ 4:hoiigl^ 

1 think' 

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I think she could never be called a beaujty* I have 
liad.thefileistire of being at table witli hdr,^ n^hen 
her courersation was.much adftiiredcby thefkiEft 
characters of. the age^ particiilarly^odd jUocd Ba^ 
thurst and Lord GranviUe.** . « , . 

Jdacddin said, her dress lYi Pdlly was^ very, like 
tibe ^plidty of a modera Quaker; aiid:thef<^ 
plinth we bav^. seen of her conikm thisa^^rt^n. 

. ' liuCT LOCKIT. 

\ The original of this character was a Mils. ;Egle- 
ton, the wife of an Actor of that name, cominon'r 
Jy called " Baron Egleton," for taking upon him 
that title in France, where he soon squandered a 
small patrimony. " His person (says Chetwood) 
was perfectly genteel, and he was reckoned a ve- 
ry pleasing Actor; but, through a wild road of 
life, he /finished his journey in the twejtfty-ni»th 
year of his age. - . i • 

— ^ • • . ■ * ' . ' . ■^^' ' 1 

*^ Hia wife, previously to her perfprmaiice of Lu^ 
cy, was a.Coniic Actress, mucji admired byjU^best 
judges, and therefore came strongly recommended 
foTthia pairti in which she succeeded «6 well as 
fonsj^afla ,the palm of acting with Polly,i thougli 
XBOt^ - pedafeips, the general admifation of tlie towiu 
*dwi/J>uke of Argyle^ who w^, tlwughjli.f^ 
1 T one 


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jbiie of tbe beit jiidgidsand |)atiioris of theStage^ 
took a partiQular pleasure in seetng Mr^ Egleton^ 
aBd alfr^i^ spoke of her m the handaome^t terms. 
" Wittoti giicit shaife ofimerit,. .(says I^ariies,) she 
waa exlre«n^ly; diffidca*^; and laevcr/ attempted a 
liew charade^ botwijfethei utmost apprehension 
of her feilinglto.please tiheauidieirceJ'j .; > . 

She- wmtkd ^raderiocy% l^asrever, to ifegulate 
those :t^ebt$*9' aiidijiOi seedrp^the io^tinuanoe of 
public approbation; ^ijiwbdtbc^frdnk herself, ov 
from the example of her husband, like a second 
Ariadne, she died enamoured of Bacchus, about 
the: year 1334/) ^'h.-y?'' ^a^'> 'i r , \- . 

■; 1 biir, ^^•^. ' NAT. SCLABKE' / /.. 

was the original Filch in this Opera, who lived 
above fifty years after its first representation : his 
cast was generally in: the under parts of Tragedy 
and Comedy, and in both he had reputation. His 
Filch Av'is,/ perhaps, the best since his time; being 
much assisted by a i6eag;re countenance^ a sham^ 
bliijg gaiti and a thorough knowledgeof the slang 
latigjuage. i ,> \ '■ ^ 

His chief^mploymcttt,; after tlie run. of the Beg- 
gar's />pera, was as au li'ijdet. Harlequin t6 Rich,' 
whom hq much resembtedii size and figure, and 
whicji gave rise to the foUbwing whimsical acci-: 

. E. . '. dent. 

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50 > MBUBlVtBX>V 

dent One of the Actors liaving hafl nittiQ^wmSs^ 
>irith Clarke, during thenepres^Mkumi^f a Pan- 
tomime, ^^aited till he d^ouldifind'«t«^op^rtumt3r 
of shewing his fe^entment^o Jtlnkokilyj Hkh be- 
ing in the^ way of ihi$ aftgi^i^rsoti^ft) he came 
off 1^ stagey he> tfei»ii% it Mp$k Gitike^ straok 
him such a blow o» the breast^ ;as'fpra tkne ide-* 
^ prived him of the po^ye^ of breathing. -The man 
itisismtly made e^g^y afology^^r>bisi Inistoke. 
*^But pray^ Mttster^i'fsaysolliicli, S*^^ ^atipwwo^ 
cation could Clarke {>0baibtj^ giveyou tpt strike ^a 
■hard?":; ' ,- -r '-::.: : I \ -■ t:\.,..:u:-> ^Ji :; 

Some years before his death, Clarke retired: to 
Hammersmith, where he lived at ease, and of- 
ten treated hi's visitors :with good ale, and much 
theatrical anecdote. 

; f . J -■ . _ . ; -; '!>' / / . ^/ . 'a ■'-•: 

was^ the origirtal Mrs*. Peachum, as ; well as the 
otiginal Diana Trapes; bothof which characters 
she filled, imjtb great reputation till her.deatb. 
Mrs. Macklin, we believe, succeeded her in Rfrs; 
Peachum, as she was long in the possession of the 
part^ atvd we hear of ino intermediate succestor. 
*' Thfc Dramatic Censoi-,'?' a work published about[ 
thirty years ago, speaks of her and Macklin in the 
fbllowing manner: *^That for strong kaowled'ge 
of the world, and a just cynical turn of humour^ 


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€HAE££8 MACKIIM; 5t 

Mackliii and his wife^ in tj^ parte of Peacbum 
and A^3^ Peachum, stood untivaUed.'* 

; ' ■ . ./}»'.'• I. 

Though Clarke was not one tf^^th^ dramatU 
p&son(R of the Beggart Opera, he wa^^the origi-t 
nal composer of the air, 

u "Pi, 'womaa that seduces all i^ankind )'* 

and on this account, as well as the singularity of 
his fate, deserves some notice here; . 

• ■ 

Jeremiah Clarke MrasOrigtnalTy bred to music, 
and had his education in the Chapel Royal uiidef 
the celebrated Dr. Blow, who seems to have had 
a paternal affection for him. Early in life, Clarke 
was so imfoTtunate ad to conceive a violent and 
hopeless passion for a very beautiful and accom* 
plished lady, of a rank far superior to his own; 
and his siiffeVjngs on ttts account became so in- 
tolerable to him, thM be resolved td put an end 
to his existence. ftiEl> was at the house of a friend 
in the country when he took np this fatal resolu^ 
tion, and suddenly set off for London. His friend 
observing his dejection, without knowing the 
cause, furnished him with a horse, ^nd a servant 
to attend him. . 

In his way to town, a fit of despair suddenly 
seizing him, he alighted, and, giving his horse 

F S to 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

52 * ilElfOlRS 'OF --'^ 

to tlic servant, ^venfe mto an adjoinkig fidd, in 
the corner of which- Was a pond surroundcfd With 
trees, which pointed out to his choice two ways . 
of getting rid oC Jtife;* . Hesitating for some time, 
which to lake, he at last determined to leave it 
tj^cha^feev^nd taking a piece of money out of his 
ppcjket, tossed , it up inline air, to decide it. The 
money, however, falling on Jtsicdgein tjie clay, 
seemed to forbid both ways of destruction; and 
it had sucn an ieffect upon him, that he declined 
it for that l^ime,: and rega4Hing liis horse, rode ta 

town. ^ :, .,; V' . • * -[ 

» • 

His^nd, however, was too much, disordered 
to;/eceive qopxfort, or take any advantage fix)ni 
the above omen: and, after; a few months worh 
put in the utmost dejectipn of ^iritsl, he shot 
himself in his own .house jn $t. Paurs.Chtinclv-. 

^ The kte Mr. Jqhii fteai^ing, ^ Oirgaiwsfe • jof i St; 
E|jLinstan>. Chiirot>, a scMajfrof^Dr. fikivi^, and 
plfister tp jjie late: Mr. Stanley, the w^llrknowii 
Ijlind organist,, :who, was mt^nately acquainted 
with Clarke, hiy>pei>ed to h§. passing by the door 
as the pistol w^4at off; d.p(d, upon enteriiig the 
house, found his. friend a»d fe|lcf>v-6tadeat in the 
agonies of death. , .'.'-.. 


Clarke was likevvise. the original composer of 
Dry den's celebrated Ode on . St. Cecilia's Birtlv- 

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day* He is supposed ta have done great justice 
to tbi;s Ode, particulaxly in the pathetic* 

. ^ "Th^migbijr Master sinirataspc 
That love was in the next degree, 
Twas but a kindred sound to movei; 
For pity melts the mind to love.'* 

** But, though free from licentious harmony,^ 
says Dr. Burney, " mild, persuasive, and correct, 
yet he is seemingly incapable of violence of any 
kind/' This Ode was re-composed by Handel in 
1736, to more advantage, and had a jiarticulat 
run ; though M^e have heard the late Dr. Ami 
censure some passages even of this composition, 
apparently with great force of criticism. 


Tlie character of Peachum was drawn aft?r the 
model of Jonathan Wild, a celebrated tliief ani 
thief-taker, who ^iad suffered <!eathfai- his noto- 
rious villainies aTjout three years before Jjlie pro- 
duction of this Opera ;' and Peachum perusing his 
Tyburn list, was notliing more, than the daily 
practice of Wild. Gay, however, ty frequently 
comparing highwaymen to courtiers, and mixing 
other political allusions, drew the attention of the 
publifc;to ,tlie character of Sir Robert Walpole, 
thetirnme 'Minister, who, like most other Prime 
^ •' E 3 Ministers, 

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Mimsjteiv^ h^ a strong ' party agftinet him, who 
constantly took qare to ttfaks or fip4 a coi»pari« 
son between the two characters. A particular 
anecdote of thw nature i^ told of Sir Robert, 
which shews, what friends and enemies have long 
since agreed in, viz. that he possessed a fund 
of good humour, which could scarcely be broken 
in upon by any accident;, with a thoropgh l^now- 
hd^ of the Eoglish character* 

^ in the sc^np where Peachum and Lockit arc 
^lescribed pettlipg their accounts, Lockit sings 
the song, ; :^ r . 

^^ W^en vou censure ^ke age, &c" 

which hadi such an effect on the audience, that, 
as if by instinct, the greater part of them thre\e 
their eyes oh the stage-box, where the Minister 
was sitting, and loudly cncared it. Sir Rahert 
saw this stroke instantly^ and saw it with good 
liumour and discretion; for no sooner was the 
sdiig finished,, than he encored it a second time 
hijnself, joined in the general applause, and by 
this jneans brought the audience in|:o so much 
good hiimour witK him, that they gave him a ge- 
neral hu^za from all parts of the house. 

B\it, notwithstanding this escape, every njght^ 
find for Rianv years, afterwards^, that The ^Bipggari 

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Open Ta3 farougfat put^ ]Sfock)m u»ed io fay, ^ 
Minister (Sir jlobert Wai^)^) o«ve;r cmid witi 
eny saiiifu^tion. fe^ paesebt. at iS3 repiMeiitatiQ% 
on acooimt.of , tb^ many fiUusioA^ wbi^h :^ au^ 
diebce^tlK>«gbt rdSurred tQ .hh ch^mieUr* Tht 
first .'sotag ^as thougfajt to point. liO^ .bitiT"Th« 
name of JM JSoc^y^ wbeoever «ie»^^fm«^ ag^ift 
raised the JtMgh against him: mid tlM^^uairfW^g 
9ccne between Peachum naA Iiockit,^ m$ Mw^ 
underatood at that. time U> allude jto. a; j^qent 
quarrei betMreen the two Miiiistere, twd-Towusr 
bendvand Sir Bobert; ibat the tioiMC wa4 in 4^a^ 
vulsions; jof appianftc^ 

We have. often! asHcd MAi^klm the €au$0 oCrtbi^ 
quarrel. between the two MmiUts; but h&^opld 
Bol rienicthber, nor perbafijs did he ever,distitijQjtly 
know. ,Thn kte Lord .Orford, however,; has e«r 
'pUned it ; .Binl, a$ the tmtaaction is rather cufi-^ 
ens, rve abaU relate it in th|a place^ 

•• Wk^k^t/afiber quitting' the Palace in ome of 
'those triohferenees wherein he differed Wx^ Lord 
Toirnaberid^ soon after m^ hfan at Cd, Sfclwyni'^ 
iOtetdandiOGiutt, in the presence of tlie Duke of 
Neiroafetiey Mr. Pelham, Col m4 Mrs. Peil^anj. 
The conversation turned on a foreign npgocia- 
ti«Hi, iditehjj at -the d**ire'«f > Waljlxxlei had been 
ieliEH}uisiie^.. ilUwnshendy howeyer^ still required 
Itbl^ttberlmeajMute.isbotthliibe: mentioiutd ip^ the 
J E 4 ' House 

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56 ; MB4l6fiEr or 

il^useof Commdm/ at the same time, thsrtp Ac 
House bhduM 'be infornied, " thait .it was'^veti 
aip.** Walpote objecting to this proposal >ts/inexT 
pedietft/Towiishend said,.** Since you object^ and 
the House^^ Oomitioiis is more yo^v aifeir thah 
ininc;-"I*sha!li not persist in. my opinion; fesatasl 
ii6w give-^fty, I catmot avoid obsensing^ that, 
upon rhybomur,! think thait mode ^>pn>tdednsg 
would tetVe been ftwMt advisable/- -Walpole, 
piqu^ iat this expression, lost his i timper, --• and 
said, ** My Lord, for once, then, there is no 
man's sincerity which I doubt so ihocfa as yours; 
and I never doubted it so mocba^ when you arc 
pleased to make such strong expressions." Towns- 
h«mdy inceii$6& at this reprciach, wized him "by 
the ' cdUki^-^ir Robert laid hold^ o£ hi s in return^**- 
end both, vtt tlie same instant, i}iiitted'thciir lidda, 
;and kid their hands on their swordsw : ^ Mrs. Sd- 
-wyn, alarmed, wanted to call the gttardi but w»5 
prevented by Pelh^m, who made ifcoip lMrt\«en 
them ; though the contemptuous expressions used 
on this OGcasion tfend^red alt attSmptst^ heal *the 
'breach iaelfectuaii Ibis circrumstanoe hoppimed 
Jn the latter end ^tlie year 1727, apid. The Beg- 
gar's O^^a pame>oi^t^it| 1728.. JLoxnUrownsimnd 
f etired from al} employments ia thfc yearl7a<l." 

It is therefore na wi»ftd<r tiiat :&: poTitiical ^11^ 
Kceiau of Jthis coAseque^ice >skottk[.he.|>ceter¥edljby 
0ayi ^i^'Us ther Mi^iiterc)iy^asjiu>trjmily, inittiical 

' -^ to 

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to hhn and bis party, bat to* thcgcnerality of the 
DatTon; the audience triumphecL in this act of^hu* 
mitiation, and kept up tbe rtdicule of the stw^ 
fot many yeacs> which opon aay other occasion 
-would have died away. 

. Ma€ikliai)>#as .furesent. kt the first . representatba 

^ The :Beggarr's> Opera, aind.confirmed .what has 

been often reported, tiiak its sucqess^was dQ^ubt>> 

ful> till qi):et the opening of the secdiid acSt^iMihen, 

aftertbe/cborus song of *' Let us take tbe ioad/' 

ithe^appkuse was «js universal as unfaounded. > 

-' ^' . '.,/ : .. ■ '. .. .; ^ '* -^ .- i 

' The original Polly only continued pti tlie «t^ 

the first season, the Duke of Bohdn having taken 

ikt off the July foUowmg her first app/^aranea 

Her successoir wajs a Misa Warren, vtho had thfe 

same good luek, being immediately taken fcom 

tbe stage by a geiuleman of fortune.. Sh^ was 

:afkerw^nils followed by several performcra of vari* 

0US pi^ensions; Misst Norris, .Miss Falkher^ and 

Mrs. Chambehs. Mass Brerit, . afterwaiids Bin^q, 

isung it: better, land brOii^ht more moiiey . by* ftr^ 

than an^ mn^§ th«.first seasonof, itsexhtbitioit. 

Mrsi AwioftJ^o had great musical merit,: afchad 

iMadaxn^sMaia, who^ m mfrepomt €f:vmee^> per- 

fhaps, excelled tliem allr-bttt tlie iincouthnessidf 

jKogUsljlAWOrdA eonrwn^from a foi*ig^> SKnitfa, 

ikndaredr the dia]o|7ite tijtca^me^; and' oonsequdntljr 

ipudi ArmPged:tll^!i'e*Jity ^^ 

. . : ' ^'. Mrs- 

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Mrs. Cibbec waRJto the feyr, heart, dnd ear, ali 
that the Poet cotUtd.wiah for: tfce Mmpiicity: of 
ber tones, and tbe seimbility df her oouatenaiice^ 
engaged evtry auditor id her fs^oar. 

. The Macheaths since Walker's time of most 
distinction^ were B^ird, Lowe, Vetrhoto, :^nd 
.Webnter^ fieand, iri conjancfion with thaeFoHy 
of Misa Brent, rim ^a: whole season, : almost ^w'ttk 
as much celefarity asiii the.origsital cost* • But 
JQ^d) though iiisr singing and person >itzl?reiia 
charai!i£r^ was deficient in' speakings aa-nfellastin 
the bold -flashy gentility of deportment which be* 
iongs to tbe^ character. Lowe's kriNCfi^cwaft «till 
andr4 happy, but 'his expression tie«^^)cbaract€a^ 
itia: Venion. was reckoned a goodMatbeath in 
Jiis time, but in- onr opinion much iMrer«^rated : his 
miLsical ktiowledge, no doubt, iwas mow than 
^ual io the part; but neither his veite or£guHs 
•vtas^ that of a higfiufaywum. Vernon, too, was a 
ieoxcomh of the first water j and whatever part he 
phyed, he was for shewing himself more than his 
author. Wcfcster was ^i'dutthe^ clmraieter: a 
.fine> sweet^toned, manlj^ voie6, genteel j depott* 
iment^ &c. which madei forcible limprfesaions; hiit 
in his acting be was tGk>«iuch of ^age/ntimm fdr 
Macheith. Tl^ man who Kvest mostly .^Hfitb 
.wfmm of the tawny laindmm of thermdi' i^ndt 
Hkely to acquire any «tli@r^maQiiei*s th^aa bnhl 
forwanJ look, and *a fm familiar, impudbnce; 
., -1 Webster 

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Welitte# eoiild 'tot exactly con)t>ass tbH ; ^asfiiest 
£ur he fatted in the eye of critie^ examination.^ 

Inclcdon, the best English singer in /the jbaUaA 
line, perhaps, the stage was eyit in po8S£!ssi6nf o^ 
wants sraiewhat of figure, and a certain dosidioB 
of character, to set oflF the chieftain of a band' of 
robbers; who, like the chieftains of the early 
ages; aiie suppoied to be elected to that isitnatlon 
for superior courage, figure, &c. Sec. But the 
best ackno^vkdged Macheath since ^tlxe days of 
.Walker, was a man little known in the present 
day,, of the name of Wilder. He had been origin 
nally a singer at Vauxhall, and went to Ireland 
about the year 1758. His first appearance at 
SmockrAiley Theatre, Dublin, was in this cbarao- 
ter, in which he gained such reputation, &at be 
performed it seventeen times successively that sea- 
sop, and nearly as many more the next, beside on 
somoifi: exc^Dsions, where he. met with the sanie 
^e<)ttragemem% • - : - 

. His praise was not undeserved— He possessed a 
,fioe,|i9ia]|ly, i:olMisit figure, a marking eye, and a 
decisive step, that at once told the hero of the 
road — his voice was suitable to such a figure, 
ttrpug and muslfDal — but without those flouriaihes 
which spience i*, too apt to practise at. the expenoe 
of xiharacter. Wilder continued in Ireland above 
thirty years with various success as a general per- 

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60 . MCMOxi»f or 

fem»sr, , but evidently' the be^^^Micheath of hm 
time; asid toirards the letter end of tUat'^pericM^ 
quitted the stage to follow the business he wm 
bred to, which was. thaH of a ftbene painteb.; THe 
was itr London about seven years agoy Iqokifn^ 
6trobg^nd healthy for fais 4ge;' And {^risapstnsay 
beijiiringnow. ^ :\ ; i > 

i Ta ihis Openl there was n^d music wigitmllyinv 
tended' to.atecompany the ^songs, till fti^^b, the 
'Manager^ suggested it on the second fakirehcaii- 
laL .ffhet junto of wits, who regularly attended, 
-one dBLTid all, objected ^ to it ; ind it ^m given; up 
'iilL the Duchesiof Queensbury : (Oay's staqnoh 
Ijatitxncss) accidentally hearing of it^ Attended 
-herself the next rehearsal, when it W$s tried, dftid 
iiniveusally apj)n?ved of* , -^ ■ ^ 

: The first songv/MTie Modes of the C6ur«f 'irais 
•written by Lordi Chesterfield; ^' Virgins areiJkfe 
the fair flow;er in its lustre," by Sir Charles Hai*- 
bury Williams ; - When you censure theage,*' by 
jSladft; and ♦^Gamesters and Lawyers are jugglers 
'alike, " supposed to be written fey Mr-vFo^tesfeUe, 
rthertrMasterof tlie^RoUsv"^^ * -^ />,...>. .» 

. ii ,The receptiou « this ^ celebrated Opera ftiBfr w^'tti 
oini )Ireland, .Scotland, anjd Watei^i is too A^ell 
.,;,,:].-;•.-> : \) ' ..-.'■;, m" .1 J. V, tiitiDwn 

* The above information came through the medium of the 
• - * ^ ^ late Dowager Lady T^-iwid, 

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CHAiltES ilACKJllN. d^ 

knoVil to tieed recital. In'ILomlon; nothih'g' 
stopped' Its progress through die bourse of the sea- 
son, but thi beheflt hij*;hti of the performers ; ahtf 
even oh one bf these nights, ' when k performer 
was suddenly' YSken' sick, and they were obliged 
to give but another play, or dismiss, theatidifence 
would not suffer any other play to be substituted 
but " Thef Beggar's Opera, "* though it waJs tfien 
in the thtrty-sixth'rirghtof its rtin; and the |wif-' 
formers were 6bfigfed ttf comply, ■ ^^ugh fcotftrrft^ 
to all riile, or fcHciiuyiehce wonltf not have staidi 
—See . 6fey's 'Ekter to S\vnft, MaVch i>Oth, 'Vfifs! 

^ the sUccess'bf this Opera, we art fift'fcwlse 
confirmed iit the'cUfet'oni of ^* Authors selfingtick-i 
ets on their benefit nights; (a custom Whicti mo^ 
dem vanity seems to have banished from the stage 
sittce the exTiibifion of PMIoclea, wrkten by 
M'Namara MoVgannf, ' Esq. in 1753;) As in a^let^ 
ter of Gay toSwift, dated February 15;' 1727^^? 
he says; ^* To-tdght is the fifteenth time of actrn^ 
" The Beggar^s Opera, and' it is thought it mil 
run a fortnight longer. I niaAe ho interbs'i 
either for approbation or money, nor kdth any ho* 
dy been pressed to take tickets foi^ my benefit ^ not- 
withstahdihg* which, I shatf make an addition ^to 
my fortune of between siJl and se\Tn hundred 
pounds/' ' '' 

'. When Walker was performing Macheath the 
sexcnty-second night, he happened to be a little 


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imp€n;f{^t*in the part,; which Ri(?h;ob3erving, call- 
e4 putto hiiD, pji l^is return frpm thje stage, ** Hol- 
lp%f J^i^ef"^! ihmk your metf^y oaght to be 
P^f^tyigoo^ )^y Uiis time." " Ai|d so it is," said 
"^ajkfiirj/^'bu^ zr-M^s, Sir,, my iiiemQrjr ]§ not to 

la^tfftr^v^r,",' . ■> ,. ..; . ; » , 

; Ijljorjagei nor time, have been able tp: stale thf 
cb^raptpi? ,of 4il4» celfbrated Oper?.! Every, spe? 
<5|fi?i)^*PflrfpWjBrs fbav? attei^pted it, {torn tfeu 
Tb^jtrea Royal to Barns andPvppet-sbows. Not 
Ip^g^r ago than the year 1790^ it was played at 
Barnstaple in Devonshire, when Macheatb had 
but 0ne €y€; Polly but vne arm; the songs sup- 
ported in the orchestra by a man who whistled tp 
tli^ tunes^ whilat the Manager cou|d not readv ^ 

Mrs. Pritchard, in one of her summer rambl^s^ 
went with a large party to see *' The Beggar's 
Opera" at, a remote cbui;itry town, where it ^as ,so 
n>angled»as to render it almost impossible to resi^l 
laugbingat^omepf the passages* Mrs. Pritchard^, 
perhaps, njiight havp indulged in^ this too muchi 
considering; ppe^of her profession; however, sh? 
escape^, ynnotice^ till after th? end of the pei^ 
fftrp[>aijc?;. It was then necessary for her and her 
company to crosis the^tage to go to their carfiages 
— ^The only Musician who filled the orchestra hap- 
pened to be the Manager, and having no other - 
: ^. way 

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way of fifaewing Ids revenge^ . be iramedmtely $traeli 
up the opening jtuucft-f : ..w 

f Thipugbh^H riw ^yi^oy^w^^ «f lift;, 

" Eapb n^khb^iur abuses his brother."—* * , - 

This had such an. effect on Hrs.JPritphard, that 
she felt thj^ rehuke, and threw prowdero a crown 
for his ,W,i^^^as. wellj as a tribute, of her own. hu- 
miliation. :. , . ' 

> ' •. , i: ..r;' ^f. '[ U -f ' . 
,. M)Lxc^i:afi ha^Jt^fjen said of *;^Tjie Beggar's Oper 

fa/' (ai;i(i,it A one of those lucky, l^ts which can- 
not he too nmcjh^^jraisea^^ we, the representar 
tion of it has done infij^^ltely moTe harm than good. 
It is difficult to raak'ejiji^ei:^ pf wit, and a refined 
way of thinking a^ree |:o tlji^ . because they see- 
the jut of it clearly, and therefore inlagine, that a^ 
a satire, it has its effect upon the follies and cor- 
ruptions 0|f the; tiwesj; l^ut they will notat.tlie 
same time ask thenisejves,. How do the lower glasses^ 
which ,c9iinpo,se an audience, feel it? Why, .they 
see nothing but the splendour and gallantry of 
^(lacheath, and the yicesof a prison, &c. wh|ch 
are all rendered so familiar as to wear away the 
real deformjty; heiice, the petty thief cqmea 
home from the Opera generally with having bis 
ambition whetted to rise in a superior style~he 
longs for his Co vent , Garden ladies, and the di- 
]ifersions of the town^ as. well as the Captain; but 


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54 iCEHdins or 

then he must wor)c up .to that situation ^t^ uxd 
hence his industry becomea-his^rtm. ; 

But in quefstiww of this sott, facts best speak 
for themselves: the late Sir John Relding, whose 
judgment^must be decisive in these matters^ once 
told the late Hugh Kelly, on a successful run of 
^'The Beggar's Opera," •* that he expected i 
freslV cargo of highwaymen in consequence it his 
office;" and, upon, Kelly's being surprised at this; 
Sir John assured, him, " that ever since the first 
representation of this piece, there had been, on 
every successful run, a propbrtionate^ number of 
higiiwayiTien brought to the offlct, as he would 
shew him by the books i'ny morning he took t]ie 
trouble to look oyer them. "' K^elly had the cu*- 
riosi'ty, and found" the observation to be strictly 
true. ' / ' , ' 

Perhaps tlie only practical good this Opera may 
have produced, is the refinement of higltwaymenl 
MaeheAth is not a man of blood, nor do we find 
his imitat(yr$ have be^ti so savage In their depre- 
dations as before this^ production; The above is 
partlV an observation bf the late Mr. Gibbon, the 
Historian, and'webdi6ve well founded. ' 

Swift attributes ''the unprecedented, and al- 
itiosl incredible, success of this Opera to a pecu-^ 
liar merit in the writing, wherein^ what we call 

■ '' th« 

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the point of humour is exactly hit; a point (he 
observes) which, whoever can rightly touch, will 
never fail of pleasing a great majority ; and which, 
in its perfection, is allowed to be much preferable 
to wit, if it be not the most useful and agreeable 
species of it.** 

We cannot close our observations on this Opera, 

without noticing a criticism of Dr. Johnson's, in 

answer to the two opinions that were formed of 

it at that time. The one, ^* that it placed all 

kinds of vice in the strongest and most odious 

light;" and the other, "as giving encouragement 

not only to vice, but to crimes, by making the 

highwayman the hero, and dismissing him at last 


" Both these decisions (says Johnson) are sure* 

ly exaggerated. The play, like many others, was 

plainly written only to dwert, without any moral 

purpose^ and is therefore not likely to do good ; 

nor can it be conceived, without more speculation 

than life requires or admits, to be productive of 

niuch eviU Highwaymen and housebreakers seldom 

frequent the playhouse^ or mingle in any elegant 

diversion ; nor is it possible for any one to ima:- 

gine that he may rob with safety because he sees 

Macheath reprieved upon the stage." 

With great deference to Dr. Johnson's general 
meritj^ we believe there never was so inconsiderate 

F a criticism 

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a criticism dropt from the pen of a great man; 
That Gay wrote this Opera to satirize the cour- 
tiers through the medium of ordinary characters, 
both the songs, as well as the dialogue, evidently 
tell; and the accounts we have of contemporary 
audiences applauding and applying particular 
passages to particular per&ons, are additional 
proofs of it : nay, the Court itself was so sensible 
of the satir^, tjbat khey would not suflfer the Opera 
of " Polly" to be represented, (supposed to be a 
counter^part to The Beggar's Opera,) because 
they dreaded similar effects, 

*' That highwaymen and housebreakers seldom 
frequent the Theatres," is another error, equaljy 
gross as the former, as none are more fond of 
amusements and <tis;jipations than people of this 
descrtptiori : they fly to them' as reliefs from thinks 
ing*; and such an opera as this mm&t doubly ex* 
cite their attention, from their being better ju(|ge^ 
of its merits. . 

In respect to Dr. Johnson's last observation^ 
" that a highwayman will not be induced to rob 
because he sees Macheath reprieved on the stage,*' 
we so far agree with him; as nothing but the 
grossest ignorance can suJ>pose, that a dramatic 
reprieve is equal to that issuing from the Crown : 
but; the character of Macheath in general, pro- 
duces little less bad effect, as his gay, spriglitly 


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manners, handsome appearance, his being beloved 
by the women, and looked up to by his as3o<^iates, 
hold oat a very seducing idea of the character to 
those more than half disposed to it already, frqpi 
their ignbratrce, idleness, and profligacy* 

, On the whole, 'then, \v& cannot hut coneludfei 
that the Poet wrdte v/Hh a morai purpose; though 
we believe, at t^e siafm^ tfme, it unfortunately 
happens, riiit courtiers are not in ^general sHamed 
by the satire, nor higlrtraymett amendied by the 
representation. . - j ; . '■* -n 

Harmg now fini'^hei Wery thing we lia* tiS 
say on The Beggar's Opera, W retbrn* toi tik Idfl 
of MackKn, a»nfd his con^J^pdfett^Si ^ ' » ' 

Macklin always paid great respect to the merits 
of this performer.' His /b/^^d was in the/ grave, 
dry, humorous parts of comedy, w^ich he said 
he played better tluiii any m^^u be ev^r s^w. He 
was ftlwavs in eamtMt with -his partf aodd to see 
him on mt stage, hi whaftever chai*a<*ttrnie ap- 
peared, he guve the iinpfessi6n of it^ /feeing so 
much his riatu'rat tiirn, ^that he entirely los't sight 
of the player. 

F 2 Johnson 

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0S M£lIOia8 Of 

Johnson was an extraordinary actor. Victor 
says of him, that be *' was a comedian allowed to 
have the sterling vis comica. He was most hap- 
pily adapted to all the characters he appeared 
in. He was one of those comedians who, like 
the incomparable Nokes, could give life to many 
comedies that existed only by Extraordinary 
performances* Marose^ in the Sik$U fVomanj 
wa^ one that died with this great acton His 
steady countenance never betrayed the Uast symp- 
tom of the joke he was going to give utterance 
to. His deceut mien (never exaggerated by 
dress or conduct) made him at all times the real 
m^VL he represented." (History of the Theatres^ 
Vol II, p. 63.) Lil^e the late Parsons^ of Drury 
Lane Theatre, he was both a painter and an actor^ 
He died Slst July, 1742, aged 77. 

Lloyd, in his Poem of The Actor, speaks of 
him thus : 

Old Johnson opce, tho' Gibber's perter veip 
^ut meanly groups him with a numerous train, , 
" With steady face, and sober, hum'rous mien, 
* Piird the strong outlines of the comic sc^ne; 
' What was wfit down, with 'decent utt'rance spoke, 

Betray'd no symptom pf the conscious jokes 

The very man, in look, in voice, in air ; 

And though upon the sfage, appeared no player. 


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The only one Macklin could compare him to 
on the modern stage was the late Dick Yates; 
but he was mellower than Yates, studied his parts 
more accurately, and understood more of the sci- 
ence of acting. 

Of many of the inferior performers he used to 
speak with the veneration of the laudatores tempo- 
ris acti,^ but, upon the whole of the various con- 
versations with him upon the stage, it evidently ^ 
appears, that it has been much improved since 
his time, in respect to scenery, music, decorations, 
and general business; but a? to principals In tra- 
gedy and comedy, it is but too evident, wd are 4t 
present miserably distanced. 


A Derby Captain being a phrase much used by 
Farquhar, and other comic writers of his day, 
Macklin explained it. There was a house in 
Covent Garden for many years remarkable for 
selling Derbyshire ale, which was cheaip, and 
much drank at that time by the neighboui-s, and 
others who frequented the house. The long 
calm which succeeded the Peace of Utrecht; re- 
duced a great number of officers who had been 
in the Duke of Marlborough's wars; and, as they 
Md but a scanty provision to live on, those who 

F 3 settled 

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si€ttled ia London, and particularly thoae about 
th6neiglibourh9odx>f Cov^nt Garden, found great 
Conve»i4!nc6 in frequenting this house; which 
tb^y did in time to the amount of such numbers^ 
that they were called, by way of cant name, *'the 
Derby Captains." Macklin ha§ often drank his 
pint of Derby ale here, attd used to tell many co- 
mical stones of his countrymen laying siegQ to 
tbe widow who was th^ mistress of the house, and 
who was supposed to be very -wealthy. One of 
tliepi at last married her, and kept on the busi- 
ness several years afterwards. 

Coveut Garden, according to his -account, was 

then (from the year I73O to 1785) a scene of 

much dissipation ; being surrounded with taverns, 

night-houses, and brothels. This, and the vici^ 

nity of Clare Maiket, were the rendezvous of 

niost of the theatrical wits, who were composed 

of various orders. The ordinaries of that day 

irere from 6d. to Is. per head: at the latter there 

were two courses, and a great deal of what the 

world calls good coinpany in the mixed way. 

There were private rooms for the higher order of 

wits and Noblemen, which we find confirmed in 

the life of Dr. Ratcliffe,. where much drinliing 

was occasionally used. Tlie bjutchem of Clare 

^larket, then very nuraerou$, were staunch friends 

to the players; and, on every dread df ariot or 

disturbance in the house^ tlie early appearance of 

^hose formidabk critics m^de an awful impression, 


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Macklin entered into all these eccentricities, 
and, from the strength of his constitution, and 
unceasing love of society, rendered himself emir 
nently dashing. He belonged to a club which 
held a weekly dinner at St Albans, much about 
this time, called ** The Walking Society." It 
mostly consisted of the performers of both houses, 
who piqued themselves on their walking, and who 
obliged themselves never, on any account what- 
soever, to ride, or go in a vehicle, but to walk 
the twenty miles backward and forward the same 
day. This club generally commenced in Passiou 
Week, and continued till the end of the theatri- 
cal season. Macklin frequently said he felt no 
inconvenience from these long walks ; but, on the 
contrary, he believed they added to his health. 
He was then very robust in his constitution, very 
active, and always very determined in point of 
spirit. - 

Tlie manners of the town and country, he said, 
were very distinct at that period, to what they 
were towards the close of the last century. A 
countryman in town was instantly knowri by his 
dress as well as manners ; the almost uniform ha- 
bit being a complete suit of light grey cloth or 
drab colour, with a slouched hat, and lank hair. 
Few persons living sixty or one hundred miles 
from town, ever saw London ; and even the coun- 
try shopkeepers, >vho lived at this distance, ge- 

F 4 nerally 

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72 liEMOlRS OF 

netally had their goods seiit them, and their re- 
quests complied ^th, in consequence of written 
orders. i 

The City and West end of the Town keptequal 
distances. No Merchant scarcely lived out of 
the ^rmer; his residence was always attached to 
his counting-house; and his credit in a great mea- 
sure depended upon his observing those circum- 
stances. Macklin remembered the first emigration 
of the Merchants from the City; about fifty years 
ago, was to Hattdn Garden ; but none but men 
who had secured a large fortune, and whose cre- 
dits were beyond the smallest censure, durst take ' 
this flight The Lawyers, too, lived mostly in 
their Inns of Court, or about Westminster Hall; 
and the Players all in the vicinky of the two Thea- 
tres. Quin, Booth, and Wilks, lived almost con- 
stantly in or about Bow Street, Covent Garden ; 
Colley Cibber in Charles Street; Mrs. Pritchard 
in Craven Buildings, Drury Lane ; Billy Havard 
in Henrietta Street; and Garrick, a great part of 
hrs life, in Southampton Street. The inferior 
Players lived or lodged in Little Russel Street, 
Vinegar Yard, and the little courts about the Gar- 
den; ^* and I myself, Sir, (added the veteran,) 
always about James Street, or under the Piazzas : 
so that (continued he) we could be all mustered 
by beat of drum; could attend rehearsals without 
any inconvenience; and save coach hire; no in- 

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considerable part, let me tell you, of a former 
player's annual expences. But I do not know how 
the change has been effected ; we are all now look- 
ing for high ground, squares, and genteel neigh- 
bourhoods ; no matter how far distant from the 
Theatre, which should be the great scene of busi- 
ness; as if local situations could give rhythm to 
the profession, or genteel neighbourhoods instinc- 
tively produce good manners. 

** The audiences then had their different com- 
plexion likewise : no indifferent or vulgar person 
scarcely ever frequented the pit, and very few 
women. It was composed of young Merchants 
of rising eminence, Barristers, and Students of the 
Inns of Court, who were mostly well read in plays, 
and whose judgment was in general worth attend- 
ing to. We had few riots and disturbances: the 
gravity and good sense of the pit not only kept 
the house in order, but the players likewise. Look 
at your Prologues, Sir, ini those days, and in 
times long before them ; and they all deprecate 
the judgment of the pit, where the Critics lay in 
knots, and whose favourable opinion was constant- 
ly courted." 

Whilst upon this conversation, he was asked, 
^' Well, but, Mr. Macklin, have not we our Cri- 
tics now as well as then?" " By G — d, Sir, if 
you >ave, you must look sharp for them ; for I 


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74 ' JtfkMOIRj> OF 

doa't know where they are to be found. But stop, 
let me see, (pausing:) O yes, Sir — there are a few 
doers of Newspapers, who call themselves Critics, 
that may still be found in upper boxes, pigeon- 
holes, and lurking-places; but their criticisms ne- 
ver come out in the pit, or in the lobby, as for- 
merly, when the play was over. No, Sir, they 
reserve them for the Newspapers of the next day; 
where they come out in columns^ Sir — columns^ of- 
ten as disgraceful to truth, as they are ignorant 
of the rules of science." 

None 'but people of independent fortunes, and 
nvoWed rank and situation, ever presumed to go 
into the boxes ; and all tlie lower part of the house, 
laid out in boxes, were sacred to virtue and deco- 
rum. No man sat covered in a box, or stood 
up during the representation, but those in the 
last row, where no one's prospect could be inter- 
rupted. The women of tlie town who frequented 
the pla} houses then were few, (except in the gal- 
leries,) and those few occupied two or three upper 
boxes at each side of the house: their stations were 
assigned thern ; and the men who chose to go 
and badinage with them, did it at the peril of their 
character. ''No boots admitted in those days, 
Mr.: Mackliu— -No box-lobby loungers?" — *'No ! 
Sir, (exclaimed the veteran;) i^tithtx boots, spurs, 
or horses — we were too attentive *' to the cunning 
iof the scene" to be interrupted, and no intrusion 


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Charles macklin. 75 

of this kind would be endured : but, to do those 
days common justice, the evil did not exist: rakes 
,and puppies found another vent for their vices and 
follies than the regions of a Theatre." 

. Macklin, as we have before observed in the be- 
ginning of these Memoirs, was early in his reli- 
gious principles bred up between a Roman Catho- 
lic and a Presbyterian; his mother being of the 
former profession, and his father of the latter ; 
but being partly educated by a priest, a brother 
of his mother, ^he incHned to her religion ; and 
when he grew up to man's estate, continued it; 
as much as a man may be said to belong to any 
religion, who was so careless as he was about its 
ceremonies and injunctions. He became a con- 
vert to Protestantism about the age of forty, from 
the following acciclt:nt. 

As he was strolling one day through Lincoln's 
Inn Fields, he saw a little book upon a stall called 
" The Funeral of the Mass." This book struck 
him from tlie singularity of its title, and he bought 
it for ninepence, took it home with him, and 
read it two or three times over very attentively; 
the consequence of which was, that he deserted 
his mother thurch, and became a convert to the 
Protestant religion. " And so, Sir, (said a per-r 
son present, as he was tetlHng this anecdote,) yoq. 
ftr^ now, I suppose, a staunch Protestant." '' Yes,- 


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76 MEMOIRS or 

Sir, as staunch as the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
and on as pure principles." 

At what particular period Mackliu married^ .we 
don't exactly know. It might be supposed that 
it was between the years 1734 and 17S6; as we 
find Miss Macklin, his eldest daughter by that 
marriage, playing so early as 1742, the Duke of 
York in Richard the Third, when, in all probabi- 
lity, she must be at least six or eight years old. 
Mrs. Macklin's maiden name was Grace Purvor; 
she M'as the early and humble friend of Miss Saint- 
lowt, afterwards Mrs. Booth; and we believe tht 
friendship continued till the death of the former. 
Macklin used to tell some little anecdotes relative 
to this courtship, and, amongst the rest, the 


His Grace John, Duke of Argyle, who was a 
great Patron of the Theatre and principal Perfor- 
mers, Mas a visitor, amongst many other persons 
of high fashion, that used to call upon Mrs. Booth, 
both during her husband's life-time, and after his 
death, t* In these visits I perceived, (said Mack- 
lin,) or thought I perceived, he cast a hawk's eye 
on Miss Purvor. Now, Sir, as I meant Jtonour- 
ably by her, I thought I had a right to explain 
myself on that Subject: so. Sir, the next time his 
Grace called, I took that opportunity to tell him, 
that r was afraid he was my riv^l, and in that 


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cas^ there was room for a great deal of fear; but 
that as I^ meant to make her my wife, if I could 
obtain heiv consent, (which I was sure he would 
not,) therefore I hoped his Grace would not in- 
terrupt the union." The Duke took this remon- 
strance with hb usual good breeding and afTabi-^ 
lity ; ajssured him, he would be one of tl^ last 
men to interrupt his happiness; and afterwards 
dropt coming to the house till Macklin was mar^ 

This marriage was very profitable to Mackltni 
and we believe in other respects very accommoda- 
ble. It must be confessed, i$he ** had a hard 
ruled husband to manage," from the temporary 
intracticableness of his temper; but having no. 
inconsiderable fund of good nature at bottom^ 
with upright intentions, from all that ye can 
learn of their union, it was tolerably happy. He 
submitted a gpod deal to her in stage matters; 
and her advice, no doubt, often cooled the sud-^ 
den intemperance of his passions. 

Of what value she was estimated on the The^ 
tre, may be collected from sopae old ?tage anec- 
dotes* In 1748, the elder Sheridan engaged them 
both to perform in Dublin, at the very consider- 
able salary of tight hundred poun^ per annum for 
two years; but this extravagant engagement never 


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was finished, owing to the dissentions between 
the Actor and Manager. 

• The principal parts which Mrs. Macklin wa^ 
remark-able* for, were Lappet in The Miser, Lady 
Wrangle, Lady Wrolighead, tlie Nurse m Romea 
and Juliet, and in "all characters of that com-* 
plexfon. She was beiide, according to her hjis*' 
.band*s account, a woman of much reading, good 
strong sense, and knowledge of the world. She 
excelled likewise in narration^ particularly in sto- 
ries of dry humour, which she told so well, and 
with so little affectation of any merit in the tel- 
ling, that old Cibber to the last, used to look in 
upon them of an evening to gossip with her^^ and 
hear her anecdotes, which he always listened to 
with pleasure, and repaid with applause. 

*When Macklin succeeded Theophilus Cibber 
a» Prime Minister to Mr. Fleetw'ood in Drury 
Lane Theatre, his experience, his advice, and hu* 
mility, so gained upon the Manager, wlib did not 
know much orthe great task he was engaged in, 
that he stood forward as his principal adviser and 
director in afl tlieatrical matters. By these meatfa 
he gained an opportunity of shewing himsdf ill 
many chai^acters, which his rank and standmg 
otherwise would not have entitled him to: some 
of these, no doubt, gained him consicJerable and 
deserved applause; others, we think, must have 
3 sunk 


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Sunk him in the opinion of good judges ; saich as 
his Mercntio, Lord Foppington, and others of 
tbis cast; for at no time of life could Macklin's 
figure, taste, or natural vivacity, bear him out 
in such characters. He wa« judicious enough, it 
is true; assiduous, ajud well studied ; but he must 
have wanted the peculiar felicity of ea^lbition^ 
xrithout which the true impressions of a charac* 
ter can never be brouglit forward. Even in his 
Sir John Brute (which we liave often seen him 
in, and which was reckoned in tl>e catalogue of 
his strong parts) he wanted mellowness and soft- 
ness : instead of the dissipated and surly Gentlemm^ 
it was rtie iU-manner^d brutish Mtchank, in the 
habit of getting drunk every night at the ale- 
house, and on his return beating his wife: the 
poet, no doubt, has draM^n the character coarse 
enough; but still Sir John Brute is a gentleman 
from his birth and education, though ** shorn of 
his manners," by his love of drinking, and the 
indulgence of ill temper. Garrick,, with that ad- 
mirable art which rendered him so justly pre-emi- 
nent above his fellows, caught the true spirit of 
this character — ^by giving a softer shade to all its 
vices and irregularities, without once losing sigWt 
of the original. : ' 

Though MackKn's inthnacy ^vith the Manager 
opened the way to his profession with more raj^ 
dity than otherwise he^ could have: done, he 


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near paying very dear for this in anather 
line. Fleetwood, as it is well known, though 
originally a man of large fortune, had, by his ex- 
cesses and imprudences, (amongst which his turn- 
ing Manager may perhaps be a principal,) about 
this period, became so considerably involved in 
debt, that he made no scruple of obtaining money 
or security from every body he could. Though 
conscious of his incapacity to repay any sums he 
borrowed, he still borrowed on ; his best friends 
were no exceptions to his arts; an.d Mack- 
Jin, though so near falling a victim, perhaps 
for ever, to his deceptions, often used to say, th^^t 
the person^ the address, the manners, and soliciia^ 
tions^ of Fleetwood, when under the necessity of 
borrowing, appeared so artless, so unpractised, 
and so delicately embarrassed, as made his attacks 
irresistible; and none but those who had repeated 
experience of his merely acting this part, could 
escape his solicitations. 

He had often borrowed small sums of Miacklin, 
such as twenty or thirty pounds at a time,, with- 
out ever repaying him, bu^ frequently mentioning 
his obligations, and assurance of repayment* 
** These sums, (said the veteran,) sometimes bor- 
rowed from me after a snug benefit night, and 
sometimes after a lucky run of play, (for I was 
a gambler. Sir, at that time,) I did not much 
mitid to press him for; considering them as nest 

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iggs ill his bands, and a3 a kind of secil/i^ far 

, my^ eirgageni^tsi at bis Theatre/ which ^Y^^ 

that time were considerable: but I soon found, I 

Was a chicken in point of worldly knaMed|g;( to 

nay Chief: whibt I thought I was trenchtngr^i^ 

self in my i>rofi^§ion/ he wa» plotting my; rui^ 

not that he had any particalar^ant}pc^thy;^<^:nie^ 

Sir; far from it; but somebody wa? to sayefhim 

from a temporary embarrassment, and I wae 

found to be the most convenient scap^'geaC" > 

— ■ . ' • ■ ■ , ■ ' ^ -. .,f' 

Tliefactwa^, that Flj?etwood, finding himsetf 

hard pressed for a considerable sum of nfone}^ 

for which he mu$t either go to prison, or give 

security, prevailed upon Macklin^ in me 6f those 

irresistible hours of solicitation^ to become \m 

bondsman : the sum, we believe, was no less- than- 

three thousand pounds. , . ' 

MaCkliB spoB saw his ^i^r; hut it wa* toOjiate 
to remedy it: he found- the Manager pk»ngi«g,it»- 
to difiiculties more and mdre every day, iind &<»- 
sequently saw less hopes 6f hii* being enafeled ft> 
tjike up this bond. Full of these glocwy recep- 
tions, he went down to Bristol', to perform the 
summer afterwards; M'hen, towards the close of 
the season, hearing sonfe fresh anecdotes of Fleet-* 
wtJod's eitAarrassment, he resolved, oti his return 
to London, to make dne desperate' plishtcf dlseii- 
, , O " [^ gage 

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68 UtU^M Of : ' 

gage hi*»elf from aft affair wbich veiy seriottsfy 
meBaced the futupe liberty of bis liffe. 

* ' U^on hi« Vetarn to Londot^, lie bcuJ -settted his 
TiJatiof o^ratiott, ^fc^hkh wai either to frighten 
^Sft- Manager so a$ to get himsdf rel^seel from hi» 
WcJuHty, {if that wa» possible amongst his frietwis 
at that time,) or to break all squares with him, 
>ftnd seek bis redress at law. In conformation to 
the first plan, on his arrival, he called at the Ma- 
nager's house, where, being^told he was attend- 
ing the late Frederick Prince of Wales: in vicw- 
Jf^fhe curiosities of Bartholomew Fair, he hasten- 
4wl -iiristantly to the spot, and felt b, presmfiviint^ 
that thi^ very circumstance might turn out to his 

When he had got to Bartholomew Fair, he 
soon discovered, his Manager, who was accompa- 
nying the Prince and his mke by toi^h4ight to 
the several booths^ Here he assumed the actw^ 
imd calling up as much terrm^ and alarm into his 
&ce as he could, pulled the Manager 'fey the 
-sleeve, dJ&d told him, ." he must &peak with liinu" 


* At thU period^ the drolls of BartholoratwFair coBtinued for 
t^ree or four w^eks; and it was not tboi^ht beoeMii tbe amuse- 
I^QDts o( many of the highest raoj^ and fashion to see the humours 
of this pl^ce, where broad laugb^ the varieties of life, and some- 
^mes the buds of genius, were particularly displayed. . It was 
here the celebrated Mrs. Pritchard gave the first speciment of 
h«r admirable talents for the stage. r 


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-^■VWiat^s thcmatter? - oj ;u./ •. A- vj.r. -.vJ. 

jS/ad:/m.^^Matter fitttnigikl ^kiitifyitind sdm^ 
ingfy t6tryielL)\. 1 Iki^ jost bnokeiMt of Bris^ioil 
jaU^ where! bidUeve I haJ^lcMledithrjaiMr in^iny 
letoape, alnd liBrc-i^ati;'^;'^< > <Ji u-xji/ '»''^' ;')!• Vi-^'t 

FAettwood. — My rfearyriew^i rmifcelurtity «0i^ 
for this accklcotj hmi:h(f^\(Mi i>f^Ueve^^^^t 

-^4flrcA/m.— Sir, I have no time to trifle — Iiwas 
put into Bristol jail ibr! a) snail ^sliiir^'J^Oltirsd on 
;py wifo>ideln9GTj,/iand lh?i(ioiikc*>j|^^ bad 

86II300, . Obi^is situation I received a letter from 
the holders of the bond, for which I am security 
foffiyoui^^demandjng^fdyment;: or thtreartetin j^me 
with/ iinpHsonmeiit:^ ^\i4udii! jifu^kntHvt n)iffg< ^to a 
man ib. myn cirdomstances, be >!&> in^ritotfmeift 
for Ufcn4l ikmt6oxtlbiQWjv^\2Mi^i^ 
be rcleittcdfnorii^niy himdin i^i^t^ '\ow5i '^o i^Jo,^! 

pose yourself; I will, in a little time, do every 
Ithyig in wy poirieiDtolrdiotieyott;'^/ i > - J. . t 
^ 4^A/iu.-n-Ii0fin't inaitjt by 0w;djifiit;Hl|;iiiiu$it 
J^e'dcm^.tjiitandjr,! Qf^Fil**4-^iA. ^^hrDiVi -jj;!;! t 

$ider tite;Pnpce is jul5til>efore-iwJ tnd i ahoulillbt 
fUimd if fae shbidil owfhear tbis^ c^ v«Mitk>nJ ^ ^ «i 
Mficktin; y(jkemikgty^ i «^ iwi ino^eSsed ^f^gi,'}-^ 
J>^VLt tdllwmetof Priiiocf or Eiflp^wi»<j*ulcl ^o* 
D-^J* .iitouitiiavpftfciBiaifaliiiifcettleiikltaji^^ ot 
ni blow ye«4 tifyadf, tiwrktt to the I>^ *; 

G 2 " , Fleetxvood. 

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Mac J my deer MaCy compose yoursdf a iSWrir. 
Ever^ vthii^ \steil^ W, Justt^A dir^tly, NoW^ da 
igfttht)me;sMd Jmeit nw^ at^^i^IBiifec^ ofG^^tsin 
'0am Mwk^.i)&sliiB^i^^ and ,^©u 

may depend upon it every, thit^diianise. settled 
^y<?Dul-ij5ati«factiobV.: ;vx\ , , v _, , , 
JIfiK*//#i.rrr!Nc^ triflings Sirf Can I depend ok 

iioi^-fti^^^i-rMoifciC^tftmlyr / i 1 i^l o: . ..j.j 
f ) r MO(^^^''rM^\v Siiv ' I'U gp w yoii Ae nieetitJgfL 

rv -;. :o'. J ^^L .'/■ V. 1 .^^.-^^ :-..: .[E^citlMackliii.^ 

li .We ; :baw Ahiiown the : above iconve^tion ' i tdh 
^laBogatyif ftMJtithejpiirpiaBfevof hetter ekiciclaUt% 
jtlWiitii^oiiqM-WJkeris: it:i$!itt.flab$tanx:e vrfiat wfe 
(JtaMmftenJ^einiiirji^ anbiiaddHby diose 

looks of ttrror and alimm^^ wUoiivnb imsm^icduM 
•a«W)nijfe^l?6i'|g^ttean,liifnffetf;^ Jf . i/ -, ; * >\ 

Fleetwood waso^imetbalota iiii&iproiiirsie; '^mid 
A0Wigbt;i»^t^birtj^ ai bi»i^^oisfc|mi^ticuiaVafl^^^^ 
timate friends, Mr>r-^itfdst,; tbt Solid torp'Mi*!. 
^yaj^ Afi^^Eiul Whitirfaekdi fchd Poet, v ^Sfecklin 
4dldlb<ft!€*^,>n»^b*^h^iti ^dJactjwajs a piiiabfe ,om; 
butiidiwkfvtiae^ ^iaggeratbas tetfidai^ adtbi,' md* 
e^T^-^^m^.i^.,M}^\ OfmyAny^i hutrFI^petnibbiV^^feel 
fi^r , bU >i^wtiki^»j; ihep bowiByfer^vjheard ilhhri Vi{£ 
gre^t[^see*Mrtg ^^omiyteraifen^ aind Ithdb dsktA 
him to f>oUf ©Ut apjllitfe^he'cauld possibly "assist 
.^- - r. I' ' ' him 

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him m. To this Mackliri replied, '* thst K he ' 
could any >^ay get him telea«(rtl from the bond, ' 
the 5janl he oweii in Bristol wae riot above thirty^ 
pounds, which, perhaps, he* Could bor#ow, ' s^ asf^ 
to regain his Hberty; and as to the jailof^ 'Hl^byy' 
Sir, (said he,) we have hitherto been upon such 
intimate terins, that if the fellow happen? to' be 
more frightened than hurt, I myself will becmtte» 
his surgeon." ' i » 

• ■ I ■ • ■ • r 

To this Fleetwood could make iifo reply;- but 
putting his hand to his bead,' and resting it on' 
the table, seemingly in great agony of mind, re- 
mained sotne minutes in this situation. At lasty 
Paul Whitehead broke silence^ and asked Mack- 
Kn, ^^ Wliether his being released from the bond, 
\^oy}d perfectly content him ?'* Macklin ans^ered^' 
" Most certainly." — ** Why then (said Paul^ you 
^hall be contented, for I myself will stand in your 
shoes, and' be responsible for thefdebt. 'Mr. For* 
rest, (said he, turning to him,) will you^be so 
good as^ to call upon the lenders tO-ii&brrdW, ^ac-J 
qutiint 'them /of thi^' cii^cumstandt, and; i^t MrJ 
Macklin be reteased from all bis engdgfertierifer /, 

Fleetwood, liearing * this, =itiimediat<^ly^ 'sfftuftg 
from iiis teverie, and throwing his arms aboirf 
the neck of Whitehead, *ed fears — ^^c^lled-feiirf 
his friet>d— 4iis' savidu^-^^i'^prbtedtor,' -k'^.'^'icc) 
^* By QHpdy - (said thfe vete»ran; ^^iii* tdliiigtl^ii ato^' 
'^- G 3 ry,) 

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ry,) I meter ^fc^w" ** JintiSr pwee of actjngiAmy 
lile : how'^v^r^ it; w^ a rw^iVy to me; for I never 
firft $i> happy Jjeft)?!?;, ib^pmucK :t}iat I got dwnk 
vnth^ t]i#n^ atid kept ■ it up tUl six; o'qlqck in the 

vEvfi^ rt^iftg wa$ stttlbd the nfext day as White*. 
hfia4 iftteiitJ^^j the creditors Arere very glad to 
exchange the Actor for the Poet; as the latter, 
beside his lands in Parnassus, had a.good substan^ 
ti^l fortune, with his wife of ten thousand pounds ; 
vbereas Macklin. (though alwayi having the cha- 
r^ter of an honest taan) ^ was an itinerant actor^ 
v^o h*ing loose i^pon society ; and, though hi$ 
seourlfy ^^as better than Fleetwood's in. point of 
primipk^ their means of dischargbig su<ih a debt 
^% three thousand poitnds^ were pretty nearly eqnsh 

, It tVOuB be iiyustice to the. memory oifP^wl 
Whitehead, to p^ss over this circunastbnee withr 
^t $Qme O.lNervation on the fact, 4s VfeU a§ o^ 
th«t of :bift general character. Prudence. w©tiii4 
b^ve , «(Liggest9d to mosA men, . that, . botf evep>urT 
gent i^Vi ileniftp^, ftf fricipd3bi|> J*ieie^ sum 
as three thousand pounds^ would be sufficient to 
Bi#ke them Cp»sider whatdntie^/ith^y^^rst p\te(]i 
|o .thcBi^sdyes, iiwA i'^y^\\t% -Itw^^ pot ^nth^ 
f?ase,i Jike.wL^e,, the inerely bQ^<«Xii^' ^e^rity, 
(wbich with, re^onsil>lt-miqn,Wpul(Jf]lMi^-^tte;^r 4(^ 
i)^}^ ) l(>u t such ar Becuf^ty y^^ je^jj^l. tq\ ^pyi^inal 

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aad sole obUgatioQ to pay the wbola of the debt: 
as Fleetwood was not only well knowii,* at this 
tinie^ to. be ruined in bis affairs, but, to those M'ho 
looked nearer into tli^ man, to be as unwilling as 
incapable of taking any pains to reniedy them. 
It is true, be was early known, to have the most 
amiable virtues, with manners and an address that 
charmed every company lie joined; his large and 
extensive fortune set those high qualifications in 
their proper lustre; and the name of Fleetwood 
was produced to announce the liberal, accom^ 
plisbed, high-bred man of fashion: but his extra*- 
vaganqe sapped his virtues, till by degrees they 
were changed to their opposite extremes; and 
the remainri^ powers of his mind and accomplish- 
saents, only seemed to be exerted for every base 
and disgracefiil purpose. 

In such a situatioD Paul Whitehead stood; but 
be did not then know the whole of his danger* 
He knew his friend was distressed in his circum- 
stances ; but hi thought, from his situation and 
high connections, it would be but temporary; he 
was Hkewise solemnly assured so by his friend; and 
to an un8(usp£ctmg, generous heart, we must give 
thi? belief the name of r/Wwe. The fact, it is true, 
was otherwise; but not knowing it, the principle 
}ie acted upon was. prai seaworthy; and Macklin, 
who often told the manly, open, unreserved mam* 
^r in y^kif^k it WftS done, said, he wbhcd it Was 
r G 4 any 

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88 MEMOIRS 07 ' 

a6y Other m^n who took the rcsipoMibility on him- 
self tlian Paul: ** But, Sir, (said he,) every man 
will save himself from riiin, if lie c^; and I was 
glad of any- opportunity to accomplish it'* 

Po(M- Whitehead J however, paid heavily for^iis 
generosity. Fleetwood went on from one diffi- 
culty to another, till at last his Ssituation was such, 
that he had no^ alternative but flight: he accord- 
ingly setoff for France, leaving his /rieu4 ^^ith 
innumerable other creditors, to shift for them- 
selves; totally regardless of any other consequence 
than his own immediate safety. 

The bond, after Fleetwood's esjcjqc^e, was soon 
demanded; and as Whitehead had by this tin»e 
spent part of his wife's fortune, .and had the rest 
locke4 up from his interference, he was unable to 
pay * :such a sum : the consequence was, he was 
thrown into prison, -where he lay for seveial years. 

How he behaved under this embarrassment, has 
been as creditable to his life as bis memoiy.- To 
be betrayed in the first instanpe by a man to whom 
he gave his full confidence, and for a. sum of mo- 
jiey that threatened to make him a prisoner for 
lifp, would have thrown most people into a state 
pf desporidence, or unfitted them for the society 
of meh, Avhom they might indiscrirriinately arraign 
^''inpnsters and betrayers. But thi$. was not the 


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ease with Whitehead : he bore it with a €rmne$s 
and philanthropy . which at oace surprised and 
-coniforted his friends : he coosidered it as one of 
the unavoidable accidents of life; he attached no 
blame to any body ; and it is recorded^ on the 
testimony of all those who visited him 6n this oc-» 
casion, (and by Matklin amongst the rest,) that 
he never onee uttered a disrespectful word against 
the man who treated him in i^ treacherous a 

Whitehead carried this antiable disposition with 
him to the graVe; as has been emphatically inr 
scribed on his toml>st0n6 by an old friend in the 
following lines; 

Here lies a man ipisfortane could not bend; 
Prais'd as a poet — honor'd as a friend ; 
Though his youth kiridled with the love of fame, 
Within his bosom glow'd a brighter flame: 
Whene'er bb friemis witb> sharp affliction \Aedf 
* And from the wounded deer the herd Was fied V 
Whitehead stood fosth' — the healing balm apply'd, 
Nor quitted jheir 4i8tresses till he died. 

Mac^in being freed from^aHpeCuniary engage- 
ments with his Manager/ found himself more at 
liberty to look after the theatrical concerns of the 
Company, which at ihh time Fleetwood entirely 
committed to his dare. In this pursuit he did not 
peglect his own reputation. He Veiy property 
considered he was then in a situation, which, by 


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90 /:: liEUOlT^ OP 

asdduit^ anH/enterprizey might add something ta 
his rising fame as aH acter, which at no other 
time of his life before he had such an opportunity 
«f attempting; and that ^* there was no Jucky 
mill lite ^ter the j^r^t opportunity/' He ther^- 
fcMte caist about in his rnind^ what n^w part he should 
adopts and to this purpose ciai^uUy loolj:ed om 
the ^tock list, as well as several obsolete plays, to 
find out one whicb^he thought ^ppopdate to liis 
own powers and conception. 

* Cliance present^ ^^The Merchant of Venice'^ to 
Im notice, %vhicb, however^ strangle liow to coit* 
ceive, had kid upon thcr^heif since the year 1701, 
to make room for an ^Iteration from the same play 
by Lord Lansdowiie, called "The Jew of Venice;" 
in which the Celebrated Dbgget performed the Jezv 
almost in the style of broad farce. Macklin saw 
this part with other eyes; and, very much to the 
credit of his taste and understanding, as well as 
a proper estimation of his own powers, he found 
he could build a reputation by reviving the origi- 
nal of Shakespeare, and playing the character of 
Shy lock in axlifferent msm^ier. The attempt was 
arduous, and subject to. many miscarriages^ ami 
in particular to public prejudice} but a conscipusi- 
ncss of being right will generally give great con* 
Udence — Macklin felt this consciousness, aftd:W*s 
4etennihed on tlie trial. . ] 

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As soon as resolved, be comrauniGatcd his dc*« 
sign to the Manager, who gave his consent to 
bringing' it out merely as a feriyed piece, Vhjch 
might bring money to the treasury. The play 
vas therefore announced to be in preparation; and 
Macklln, who always loved the character of ii 
Theatrical DrUl SerjeafU^ ndw entered into it with 
all his heart and mind^ by casting the parts him-k> 
self, ordering frequent rehearsals, &c. &c. hut 
when he came to affix to himself the character of 
Shylocky and intimated his design to play it seri* 
Qudy^ the laugh was universal. — His best friends 
shook their heads at the attempt ; whilst his rivals 
chuckled in secret, and flattered him with ideas 
of success^ the surer to work o^t hisi destruction* 

His keen observation^ and auspicious tempei; 
dearly saw the train that was laying for him, 
which he not onlj seemingly qverlooked, but so 
far assisted, that^ a^ every rehear^V whilst heenr 
joined the rest, of th? perforraera to do their best, 
he himsdf played both under his voice ainl gene- 
ral powers, carjsfully reserving his fire till the night 
of representation. ; His fellow performers were, by 
this conduct completely trapped, insomuch thji^ 
many of them i\yvcvf off ^1 j-eserve, and p^bli^y 
said, '^ Tbat^ tliis hot-headed, qon^reited Irisbm^ni 
who had got some little reputation in a few parts, 
had now availed* himself of the Man^ger'sfi^ouri 
jto being himself and the Theatre into disgrace." 


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92 ' MEMDIES OF '^ 

Heietwood heard this, and seriously applied to 
Macklin to give lip the part: but the latter was 
too conscious of his own excellence to lose such 
Hn opportunity: He frankly told the Manager, 
/*'that he was deceiving a set of men who envied 
Kim ; but that he would pledge his life on the sue- 
cfess of the play; and that, in the end, it would 
be highly serviceable to them both." 

The long-expected night at last arrived, and 
the House was crowded, from top to bottom, with 
the first company in to\Yi\. Tlie two front rows 
of the pit, a^ iisual, were full of critics, ** Who, 
Sir,- (iaid the veteran,) I eyed through the slit of 
the curtain, anil was glad to see there, as I wished, 
in such a cause, to be tried by a special Jury. 
When I made my appearance in the green-room, 
dre^ed for the part, with my red hat on my head,^ 
my piqued beard, loose black gown. Sec and 
\Hth a confidence which I never before assumefd; 
the performers all stared atone another, and evi* 
dently with a stare of disappointment! Well; Srr,\ 
hlflierto all was right — fill the last bell rung — then, 
I^'Cttilftss, my heart began to beat a little: how- 
h^t,l mustered upiall the courage I could, and, 
y^Sbthmendihg my cause to Providence, threw 
iSf^f boldly on the stage, and was received by 
oftedf tWe Icftidest thunders of applaus? I e^^er be-^ 
ftHt ^perierictfil/ '^'^ '• ' . . ^ - ^ > • ' 

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' " The cspeifin^ scenci' b^iiig' rather 'tami and 
levels I could not expect much iapplstuse f "but I 
:^Qnd tnysdf w«M listened to*— I could hedf dl*- 
rtincdy, in the |rit, the words, * YeryivrelV^ietf 
•well^ indeed 1-^This manseemls to know wimt life ^ 
is about;' &c. &c. These enoaminms wiarm€^ 
irie, but did>nbt owWet nu^I knew M*i^re't 
should have the pull, which wai in the tWrid act, 
and reserved^myseif accordingly. At this pe^idd 
I thr^wont'dl niy fire; and, is the contraitM . 
piBlssions »of joy for the ]V|erchant*s losses, and 
^ef for thifif elppeiO(totof Jessiba, open a fine field 
for an aqtor's powers^ I had the good fortune to 
please beyond my warmest expectations — The 
whole hoose was in an uproar of applause — and I 
was oblige to pause bet\fe€ni the speeches, to 
give it vent, so as to be heard. When Pv^^t be* 
hind -the scenes after this act, ^ the Manager met 
3iie, and compliipented mc very highly on my 
peirfonnance, and significantly added, " Macklin 
you was Tight at last." My brethren in the green- 
room joined in his eulogiuth, but with different 
Tiews~-He ^as' thinking of the increase of his 
t^easury^they only for Mving appeai*ahces— -^ 
wishing at tKesame time that I had broke my 
neck in the attempt. The trial scene w6und up 
the fulne^ of my reputation: here I was well 
listened to; and here I njade such a silent yet 
forcible impressioii on my audience, that I Retired 
firoin this great attempt most perfectly satisfied. 



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\^ Oft tny teturn to the gi«en*rooih, aft^r tli* 
j)lay:WM ovbr, it ww^ crowded with. nobBity^atid 
cfltii:«, who all complimented attc/ih tbe'wfcirocat 
wd most unbounded mauxtor; ^^ thelsjiuation 
Jf felt myself in, I mwt confc$b; w&s oile.of the 
|»o*t flattering and intoxicating of .n>y ^hole lifieu 
t^Q nrtoney^ no titles conld^parchasei ^h^t I felt:: 
Apd: tet no than tdl me after thia, ifhat Ffaiae ivlU 
not inspire a man to do, and bow ffar tbe atttiitt- 
TOf Atpf it will not rem unf rate bbgmatcat labours? 
By G— tJ, Sir, though I wlw not ^orth fifty 
pounds in the woiW at that timef ;^et,. let me tell 
ypi|, J was Charles the Great for tl^at night'* 

1 A ,&w daya afterwards, Mtekiin received an 
invitatii>li from Lord Bolingbfolie to dine with 
hip at ^ttersea. He attended the render vous^ 
and ithere found Pope, and a select party, who 
compijmented htm verj* highly on the part of 
Shylock, and questioned hsni ibmit many littli? 
particulars rehtive to his getting up the play, .8co. 
Pope particiJarly asked him^ why the wore.a rw? 
fiat? and he answered, becauaehe had read that 
Jews m Italy, particularly in Venice, wore halB 
of that coloan " And prtty, Mr. Macklin," said 
Pope, ** do payers in general, take such pains ?'* 
— ** I do not know, Sir, tliat they do; but a$ I 
bad staked my rcpntation on tlie character, I was 
idetermined to spare bo troubte in getting at the 


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was very laudable.*' : ) .' • - 

Macklin took this pfay 'for hw btotfit on the 
19th night, and had an overflowing audiencei 
several NoWcmen of the first distiwrtioil took 
what is commenly calfe4 gf^ tickets ^r.attd JUrt-fl 
:Bolingbroke made him , a^ preieilt of tiirmty 
guineas. ' > * .; , - ^ i t 

The play had a* succeasftiV; run: tbiKtagh <lic 
whole of the season^ aiid ibrinuiy-semoiii^ after- 
wards : it established bis reputation asi m rftctoiv 
and not a httle added to bis di&ceromeiit aa. •It 
critic, in reviving a piece, whiciii pcrhap9^ii&ki)^ 
for his researchj might have been lost to the 
stage for ever/. . » •' - t 

Ai!td here we camiot belp remarking, ibf^, 9^ 
.though Macklin got aad merited the greatest a|>- 
plau«c in Shylock, this very applause m bis pub- 
ic, often drew from the merit of bis.ptirivate char 
^actir; as mainy peopte, who knew nothing <df bm 
bat as iie appeared on 'the atage, ai»l theife %%w 
tte pa^oils oiritmngeJmAMUliqe so forcibly. and 
fiatttirally displayed; (particuiai^^ in the fourth 
:act, where iie whets the knife in- order t6 cut off 
4he pound of humaai fle$h,) tiiat tbey judged bp 
^must be sothetbing like the monster ia private life 
^^iiiich he wias upon t^heslKage/ « ^ - * 

3 This 

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p6 • MEMtflW OF 

Tbw combinatibtt of ideas, though Mst in fact^ 
is not very unusual. Cibbcr tells aii anecdote of 
Sandfordy a performer in his jtime, who, from a 
eertiin deformity of ]>ersoil', accompanied with 
talents^ in performing the €Ulaim and traitors \ti 
tragedy, befeame so frequently cast for those part^ 
that, from long habits, the audiences expected 
QOtiiiTig else frijm him; aad whenhe.once unfor- 
tunately performed the character of an honest 
statesman^ the audience were so disappointed, 
wheti. they found, towards tibe close, that this 
•wa^ his real'charactcr, wrthout any disguise or 
treacheiy^ that they damned the pky, *^ as if the 
iactorj had imposed upon th<m the most frontless 
4aiid'iiicrc^iblc .absurdity. '* 
I... v)} : ,oi _. . , . ' .. . , 

Macklin's acquaintdnce with Gafrick corti- 
menced a few years before the latter's public ap- 
pearance at Goodman's Fidds. He was then, he 
said, " a very sprightly young man, neatly made, 
of an expressive countenance^ and most agreeable 
and entertaining manners/' The stgge possessed 
him wholly; he ccmld talk or think of nothing 
but the Theatre; and as they often dined together 
in select parties, Garrick rendered himself the 
idol of the meeting, by his mimicry, anecdotes, 
icc^ H« had not long arrived from Lisbon at 
that period, and, with other funds of information, 
possessed a number of good travelling stories; 
" which he narrated^ Sir, (added the veteran,) 

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in such a vein of pleasantly, and rich Innnbur, as 
I have seldom seen equalled."* 

With that love for the stage which MicTclin 
ever possessed, it was natural for him to he pleased 
with such growing accomplishments as Garrick 
exhibited* Garrick, too, who, from the begin- 
ning of his public life to the end, never neglected 
the pursuit of any mformatiOn relative to his art^ 
must have Seen in Macklin, talents, experience; 
and assiduity, which it was his interest to culti- 
vate. 'They both, too> loved society, whereiii 
they excelled, though in different departmentsf. 
From all these circumstances, they became very 
intimate ; insomuch that we have heard Macklin 
say, they were scarcely two days asunder, from 
the commencement of their acquaintance till the 
quarrel broke out in 1743; when Garrick, recede 
ing from his engagement to stand or fall by the 
Performers^ till their wrongs were redressed by 
the Manager, so irritated Macklin, that he com- 
menced his bitterest enemy; and though they 
afterwards seemingly made it up, and occasionally. 

H ^ lived 

♦ Garrick was at this time a Wine Merchant in company vrilh 
his brother Peter, and they had their wine vaults in 0ufham<^ 
yard, (now the Adelphi.) The Editor of these Memoirs once 
law a receipt of Garrick*s to Mr. Robinson in the Strand, for 
two do2en of red port, (value thirty-six shillings,) signed, 

.^ For sftPaiid Co. D. Garrick*'' ' 

. " October, 1739.'' 

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96 v. sij:»imiis^: aw: . 

lived tci^e&iir ia^soci^l aavi 4irQfessi0fi3l ;halabs^ 
there wus some leaven bft in Macklin's mind^ 
which he never could thoroughly shake off, and 
vWch^dccasMSmaHy vented itfeelf.'i tuilkxy^^: ilnd 
kOHKetiines in vseiyi sharpJnvecti^cs* / - * 

. \.„r -1 . ' :. ^ . - ^.. i :,.- . -.' 

'. : We! do not exactly remember whetheri Madklm 
licc^^iti|mniedr his .young friend Garriick to! I^^ichr 
when; he: TOftdc ^rfii^an, iii 
the tra^jedy of OroQitcko, ^y wa-y of proT^atian 
for tlie IjiQ^don! boiuds ; Imft .we havi? t)f tera. heard 
bingtsay, he was oine who con^poscd thei andioicc 
i9ft his .^mt dippssLtzjicQ. at Goodman's Fickls, in 
tWxjharactpr of Richard HI. on thq Ifitli afOcto* 
Mtj 17 il; and. he bore full testimony ta the ap-r 
piaiisq he obtained and merited on that occasion* 
M^Ckii^ w^. 02ie of G&rrick's cabinet connoii in 
4elootin^ this part for his debut; winch was the 
•Jfttt^^s first suggestipUy always declaring, i" he 
would nevw choose a cliaracter which was not 
^ttitabk tp his .person. "* 

The grea^ revolution which Garrick introduced 
Ja the Theatre, by changing an elevated tone 6f 
voice, a mechanical depression of its tones, and a 
formal ^measured step in traversing the. stage, iiito 
^n easy familiar manner of speaking and acting, 
^ave at first some handle to the players (who lii- 
warcHy felt his superiority) to reprobate itf^,,^ 
danggrpu^ Jipv^ty, which trenched oft thil4igntty 
' > .V :: •• -O -of 

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CHAttLES MACKllN-. 99 

6f theatrical enunciation ; but Macklin, who was 
himself the precursor of this species of afcting, 
though deficient in such striking powers as to 
erect himself into the head of a sect, gave it his 
hearty and unbounded applause. Rich, several 
years before, discharged him from Lincoln's Inn 
Theatre, for speaking, as he Called it, ** too fami- 
liarly on the stage.'* He now had his i^evenge, 
by seeing his manner adopted by a genius who ., 
promised to make it universal by the propriety of 
the innovation, and the splendour of his talents. 

He often spoke' of the pleasure he enjoyed at 
this nights pepfbrmance, and said, **It was ama- 
zing bow, Mrithout any example, but, on the con- 
trary/ With great prejudices against him, he could 
throw such spirit and novelty into' the part, as to 
conviricef every itnpartial person, on the very first 
iroptessioto, that he was right. In short. Sir, he 
at once idecided thef public taste; and though the 
players fdrined a cabal against him, with Quin at 
their headj it was a puff to thunder; the east and 
west end of the town made head against them; 
and the little fHtow, in this, and about half a dozen 
subsequent characters, secured his own immor- 

Though Clbber left the stage some years be- ^ 
ftwre Garrick commenced actor, which^might be 
supposed would have taken off alF edge of rival- 

H 2 ship, 


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ship, yet he took every occasioij of sneering it' 
his popularity: he considered, though Garrick 
could not then clash with his thei^tricaV interest, 
he was likely to blast his laurels with postierity; 
for, as Quin had said ^pon the same occasion, 
*/ If this young fellow is right, I, and the rest of 
the players, must have been all wrong." ^ This 
consideration, therefore, hurt his feelings ; which, 
though he endeavoured to conceal, still broke out 
. on many little occasions, very much to the dis- 
credit of his temper and understanding. 

One night at White's, when a Nobleman was 
speaking of the merits of Garrick, he suddenly 
turned about—" Pray, my Lord, have you ever 
seen this young fellow in FriblUe,?' ** No, Mr. 
Gibber.". " No! my Lord; why then see him by 
all means — he is th6 completest, prettiest little 
doll figure for a Fribble you ever saw in your 
life." " Well, but, Mjr. Gibber, has he not a 
great deal of merit in other characters!" No 
answer forborne time : at last, as if breaking from 
a reverie, he exclaimed, " What a^ admimble 
Fribble! Such mincing — ambling-r-fidg*etting !— : 
WeH, faith, he must be something of a clever fel- 
low too, to write up to his own character so well 
as he has done in this part." 

At another time, lounging in the green-room, 
rieetwood asked him, whether they might hope 


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ever to have another i:omedy from him? " From 
me! (says Cibber^) who the deuce is to* act in 
it?" Why, Sir, there's Garrick, MacklJn, Pritch- 
ard, Clive, &c.'* ** O, yes, Lknow your dramatis 
personam very well; but, then, my dear fellow, 
(says he', very deliberately*takinghis snufF,) after 
all this, where the D-^l are your actors P' 

. . ' / ^ ■ , 

When he saw Garrick in Bayes, (formerly x 
favourite part of his own,) and was asked how he 
liked lam, he said, l>e was a copyist of his soil 
Theophilus; who was well known, by the best 
judges at that time, to have exhibited it in a very 
extravagant, absurd manner. Indeed, Old Cib- 
ber ack|)owledged this himself, though he placed 
Garrick on the same bench with him in poitit of 
theatrical abilities, % 

Though Gibber might have concealed all this 
spleen and disappointment from himself, he could 
not from his intimates: they saw through him , 
clearly whenever the praises of Garrick were men* 
tioned before him ; at which times he either lost 
temper, (a thing very unusual withhim,) or shew- 
ed a visible uneasiness in his countenance. One 
night, playing a party of whist at bis cli^ib, whilst 
Garrick M'as on the tapisy he renounced the suit 
of diamonds, which appearing odd to his partner 
from the .situation of his own hand, he cried out, 
^f What, Mr. C'bber, no diamonds!" *' Dia- 

H 3 monds! 

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J08 MEKailS OF 

moncU', mylxirdt (in iomeq(mfii$ioa,)yeB, armL 
Jjofi, by Gr^." ' ^ And why would you sacrifice 
three tricks by not pliayiog one?"-^*^ Beca:uso 
(said ouf of the J)arty) Gatrick 'would .not kt 

Thus did his jealousy eftd self-love prevail over 
reason and experience; and thus did he subject 
Jjimself to continual taunts and reproaches, be* 
^ause he would not;8ufftr a«o<Aer to reach that 
point of famie which he acquired, with infinitely 
jMgliei. (pretensions than his own, 

. Thfc;g*alousy of Quin and Gibber, so far front 
in^urif g Gferrick the least in his well-eatn*d repu^ 
t^iwJt*. hdped; to increase it; as it called upon the 
attention of ihe best critics to study such a phgB-: 
nomenon tlie closer, and be satisfied themselves, 
.a$ weftl di^-giyc the ti>n to others, ** whether the 
^mv^ prnma ascribed to thb acto^, wene the 
jjudde* ^ffjusions produced by novelty, or tluj 

eiecis of jreail meyit?" 

♦ < ' " ' . ... 

Mh Po()e, amongst others, though at that tiaxt 
wUher i» tfce decline of health, was persuaded by 
Ix)id Ort:ery to see Garrick at<jroodman's Fields; 
'And though he ha^allthe prejudice abont him of a* 
I^ig and intimate acquaintance,. with fiettertion, 
(wboSe taletits he so much admired as aii'actdr, 
ai^l ivhosetiouyerfiatipnand.pbAracterlie samuch' 



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CHAiA:^:MACfil.iN. |0| 

field,) yet such was the force of genius, operating 
upon a man of candour and true discernment, that 
l^jtoW Iifttd Orrery, afft^ tfc^ p^rfieirm^Boe, '?he 
ms iiftaid $3^,yoUtig.rmftn MiOul41)e sp<?ikd, fof 
b^\muW bftv^«io.tcQBipi^titQr:f' : . ,., -^ 

, W^t p^r titular, pteyiii ^y«^ ;that Pope saw hi a 
in> •wfe».hiiive np^coptt^t,. MapWin <fould potw? 
toejnbietr it, tlxwgh he <^uW. the observp/|ifjn of 
the Ppet; and E^^i^. wha after ward$, wr-pte (?**> 
rick>Jife, is^equ^ly.mleirt^^.tbepresuuiption.thpJ'e- 
ft>re isiji (P<)pc seeingi hm et 0<>Qdii»an;s Fields^) 
thiat itiivfe^^it^h^ im#g^liigh>rd;ijQrBaye$, iaTJia 
lieheamal ; as ,t Wee .^^re tbie t\w pryuci^al ahata^J^ 
tera h«.p^0rto^ Ion that Tbei^rea ; ^ ii 

. The pmbtsdf Gmpidc^jthp^ghrJtjqd and urti^ 
yersal, did not seduce his understanding jr h^% 
on the contrary, led him to cgnsider how to pre- 
serve it, ^0 asiti^ €3fc«Wi^lhkwput»t4bQfOtt a.firm 
nod pertaHneiH^ Jwijt^-i *Acfi^dJrtgly, ^vben he 
<{uftted: Goodaiai^VJirida,..iabdi mad^ihis QOgage- 
tocnts; wth Electwwil m the spring of 174fl^ 
he diamtssed wany t^ thase ch^i^cfcci whi^b h« 
performed i« the.ciiy'; ^uch a^ Clodios, Jftci^Smat* 
tcr, the (Jho^t ia:.Hafi*let, &:c, 8{Ci and aspired 
to higher walk^, swch as would bring Wm on, a- 
krel with tli^ Btefcterton$, the Booths, and Wilfc$ 
of former, times; fqr, fueling, hb own ibrc^, h« 

IJ 4 ' knew 

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104 MEMOIRS df 

k«*^ of liooV^r^wed timidity, but waszetlous 
of trying tlie bow pf Ulysses with his ablest com-» 

With this *riew, beccmsulted Macklin and Dr. 
B^rowby (^ vei^y eminent Phjr^ician and Critic 
at that time, and 6F wbdm mpre will be said here- 
after) about ^the part of Xdo/*, which they for 
sbme time paused upon, as a characteF^ratber of 
too miich weight and variety for so iney;perienced 
p,n actor: they, however, rtferrid him to himself ; 
adding, ^^ that if he felt equal to the conception 
and execution of the part, hfwas the best judge.*' 
Garrick answered in the affirmative; andtheTra* 
gedy of J^ifr tfas announced for representation. 
Jle, ho)sreyer, previously stipulated tlmt bis two 
friends should sit in judgment on him the first 
night, add ^report t}ieir opinions faithfully to hiin 

' * . ' 

To this both Macklin and Barrowl^ agreed j 
and, though' the fascinating powers of this great 
^cto|- had their usp^l infiuenoe with the generality 
of tl^ audtence^ these two critics, acting like real 
friends, made rather an unfavourable report to 
him the ni^xt morning. They said, that, although 
he was dressed yery appropriate for the character 
•of Jf.ear, ]\e did not sufficiently enter into the in- 
iJrmjtjes of a ^^ man fourscore and upwards:" that 
|n the repetition of the curse, at the close of the 

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fy^ actj he began it too low, and einied it too 
iDgh; that revering this, in a great measure, 
would have a better effect; only by letting his rage 
fall off towards the close, and melt itself in the 
pathetic: that he had not dignity enough for a 
King in the prison sc«ne: and that be was parti* 
cularly defective in the following speech of th# 
fourth act, scene 5. 

** It were an excellent ttratageiq 

To shoe a troop of horse with felt: 

ril put it in proof — No noise— no noise-* 

Now will we steal upon those sons in law. 

And then-^ll-T-kiU-^U— •' 

by raising his voice too high in the first part, and 
letting it down too much in the last line; where* 
as the very text of ^' no noiserHio noise," inti* 
9iated, it should be repeated in a voice not much 
above a whisper; whilst the words ''VkiU— 'kill- 
kill," should be given in all the loud-toned fury 
of revenge, . - 

Whilst MackliH and Barrowby were thus freely 
commenting, on the actor, the latter had his pen- 
cil in his hand, noting the several passages and 
observations; which, when he had concluded, 
^' he thanked tl>em, said it exactly met bis then 
better judgment; and, as a proof of it, promised 
them be would not play the sahie character till he 
had made hiniself absolute master of the very kind' 
find judicious hii^ts which he then received." 


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ins y li^unmi (>>¥:: ^ 

RtiedllertWgiafteywanfe, however^ thiat tiw play 
^kU «i}verti$e^ fonitbe ai^t wtok^ ke i»^uld. act 
(l»^d^>pbi»« tfi^ fioblto; tmd he appleaitrd aigkin ia 
ic^r; U'lriidh' Afecklin sakUie played paifcliieraip^fl^fi* 
thmi 4h^^9t4)ight'^ and thisili^vctEyijudicitnisly 
ae«rii^ut6l! '^6 the ^md(k» ^fikralty. thitiaroae la 
|^ttiligi-i^l<)lbis'Jokt habits^ and adt)^ting tlie 
ne\v^. The performance, on thewliDle^ was resf 
pectable; and the Tragedy, though much called 
for by the towti, was liid upon the sfrelf for six 
weeks. _ , / . 

t" :i "'. ' ■ ' < . .;,.'■ 

At the end 6f4lHS period^ X^r was again ad- 
vertised ; and his two friendly critics, eager to see 
hi^ dr ifai^er tbeiroiwn, im^jToVements, beg^d 
h&td to ists present at the reheaiiBal; but.Garrick 
^ifto resolote ' to the contasaiy : lie arns\T«red^ **if 
lihefpe ^h^i^ be ai^y tittle thing not^quite rigiit; 
iieiiig told of it so aeat^the perfonwance, it wright 
])urt Im feelings > in tlie executiozx, a^ he experi- 
enced on the second night, after their friendly ad** 
monitions^ — that he would ratlier trust to have his 
deferts corriected afterwafdis, which to' co4ild bet- 
ter do at hiB leisure, than run tbe>ris^ of a pret 

sent embarrasBMneiit." 


There was an observation in this reply whicli 
satisfied his friends, and they contented themselves 
with waiting for the first night of its revivals . W* 
His^ve oftai heard Macklin speak of tbis^ night with 

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all the )*aptdre 4^f an €tfiiateur^ (and^ perhaps ttere 
was no little seUrvanity mix^d ia tlie applau^e^ 
coosidering himself as biie of the calises of thu 
improvement :) the curse lie particularly adthired; 
he said it exceeded all hi^ ifliaginatioa ; apd ha4 
•uch an effect, that it seemed to electrify the au* 
dieiioe with horror. The words, *** JCill— kill— 
kill,'* echoed all the revfenge of t;h6 frantic King; 
vhilst h^ exhibited such a scene of the pathetiQ 
oa discovering his daughter Cordelia, as drew 
tears of commiseration from the whole house*. 
*Mn short, Sir/ added the veteran, '^ thr Httle 
dog made it a chefi'^eu^e^ aAd a ckefd'imcre it 
continued to tlie end of his life." 

^ And here ^e feel it right, for the benefit of fu- 
ture actors, to recommeud this conduct of G^^-r 
rick as a rule to them in their progress ta theatri- 
eal reputatit>n. Had evefn this great actor coriti- 
niu^d to perform Lear in the manner he first adopt-- 
ed, he woijild have gfown iwHed in error, and- 
pffhaips have fcomtnunicated tliis error as a kind 
of btmheir-tdom to. posterilj' ; ]?ut he had the good 
sense, and true taste of hi3 profession, to .know 
that perfection is only to be. ol>tained by att, by 
assiduity^ and experience'; 4ind, though the pur- 
suit of these may cost a taan's vamty son>e humi- 
liation^ — some fotrbeamncer-4here is an atinple re* 
M'ard, ia a true and permanent reputation, for 
eyefy pi^e^wt diliculty and embarrassment 


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108 ItfEMtfiRS OF ^ 

- How many, rising Actors have we Been, (and wc 
have even now some before us in our mind's eye,) 
who have been considerably nipped in their powers 
by the 'cotitrary practice! who have, during the 
tery fi^st season of their appearance, and in the 
very juvenility of life, attempted most of the great 
characters in tragedy in a rapid succession, with* 
6ut giving thenvselves leisure to mark their com- 
mon dissimHarity— »-much less to study their seve- 
tftl historical and poetical bearings— who have 
dmh^ night after night, from Richard to Othello^ 
from Othetlo to Macbeth, from Macbeth to Lear^ 
*^c. Sfc. without its being possible for them to 
embody those differeht characters, other than giv- 
ing the bare words of the author ; and even in this 
therehas been some praise due to the natural reteu- 
tivene^ of their memories, * ■ 

- Let* it not be offered in excuse, that a young 
ac^or is so much in the hands of his Manager^' 
that he cannot well avoid this hurry} and that his* 
principal is more to be blamed than himself. WhatI 
actor of spirit will permit his future fame and for- 
tune to be thus sacrificed by another? Nor is it 
tlie Manager's real interest to act so : it is nine 
times out of tfu the folly and the presumption of 
the TyrOji who wants to 6btain the end without the 
"means; and which sometimes falling in with the 
avarice or ignorance of a Manager, will suffer him 
tQ knopjc out his l^raias for a little temporary profit. 


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Every man should be the guardian cf his own 
fame; and if, even when pressed by a Manager 
to try a variety of leading characters in snccesston, 
a young aqtor should remonstrate, and call for 
more time and observation ; the Manager, if he 
has common sense, will find in this a sufficient 
answer ; he will augur well of the real abiHties of 
his performer, whose becoming diffidence will pre-^ 
sent one of the best harbingers of his future per- 
feet ion.. 

It was not in Lear alone that Garrick exercised 
this caution; he carried his prudence into almost 
ftU the principal partspf tragedy and comedy, arid 
particularly in those characters which had been 
pre-occupied by persons of established reputation. 
It was not, for instance, till after his first return 
from Dublin, where he had prepared hiraaelf by ^ 
several exhibitions, that he brought ^Hawi/e^ for* 
ward on the London stage; and then performed 
it so characteristically just, that it has been ob- 
served by many who remembered his first appear* 
ance, that, through the remainder of his life, he 
had little to add to his excellence. 

His Abel Drugger^ in the AlchymU^ was ano- 
ther of his long meditated characters; for though, 
in the great Variety of Garrick^s powers, low co- 
medy was unquestionably Xmfortej and that iri 
consequenca-he had little to fear from the tri^l^ 


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yet he vtry property conwdered, thdt this \ra$ st 
hmg established and ^ivoudte part of Theophiki^ 
Cibber, who was then Kviiig; and who, 'he :«^ell 
k9ew» fVom the spirit of jealouisy which he and 
bits father had shewn on many occawofis, would 
be oni t}\e .alert to floyd out and expose his errors. 
Under this prepossiession, he had several private 
rehearisals of this character before Macklin and 
other ff ^nds, who, from the first view, saw every 
promise of success. His marinei', however, Mack- 
lin said, was very different from Gibber's. '*Theo- 
philus. Sir, though latighiible in niany respects, 
rather fwxified this part too much; he was for 
making fun for himself , as well as the audience—-* 
a lamentable mistake for an actor ! But Gai-rick's 
awkward, sober simpricity, at once announced the 
ignorant, .^elfish Tobacconist ; and he very prOr 
perly left his audience to dfcer/ thtmstlves viiXh 
the very singular absurdities of the character." - 

- But, to enable the rising generation more suffif- 
cicntly to judge of Garrick's excellence in Abd 
Drugger^ we subjoin the following anecdote, 
which the Editor of these Memoirs heard from the 
late Dr. Johnson, who had heard it from Peter 
Ginick'himself. V. 

" Aigrocer m the town of Dchfield, a neighs 
hour of Peter Gartick'^, having ocpasion to come 
\lpi to London on business, the lattei^ gaVQ him a 


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Mt^er of recoitimmidalaon tq hid*lw^ 
The gioccrxQine to town late ihrtbetiveningp, w4 
seeing Garriefc's name. up in[lS».'hl}k'fb(trdM 
Drugger; he went to the iwt> sbiUkig^ ^Ho^^. lami 
there waited in anxious eKpeetation of seeing! m 
the person of, his townsman, .the greatest ^tor^f 
the age. On /Garrick)^ appearanice, hi was lot 
some time in doubt, wliether it could be bini, or 
not: at last being Convinced of it by^ tbe peopio 
about him, lie felt so disg^ted with the ni^n ap% 
peai-anee, and mercenary condncty of the perform 
mer, (which, by a foolish comlxinatibn, he at^ 
tached to the Man, J that h^went out pf towA 
without delivering the letter* . . 

^* On his arrival at Dchfieldy Pttcr Garrick 
asked him how he was^ received fa}^ hia hrotheiv' 
and how he liked him? The m«]i. at first wi^faoA 
to parry the iqMSCion ; txit at length owned, that 
he never delivered the letter; *^ Not deliver my 
ktt^V* says Pfeter; ^* bow'cattie that dbou*?'* 
^^ Why:, the fact i3,^ny cjearfrie^" said thenther; 
*' I saw enough of him on the stage to mahe diat 
unnecessary. He may be rich, as I dare say any 
man wlm lives Uke him must be ; blit, by G — d, 
(and here, said the Doctor, the man vpcilerated 
an oatb,)^ though lie is your brother, Mr. Gar-f 
lick, he is o«k of the shabbiest^-meanest-^most 
pitiful houwcfe lever saw in the whole: course, of 
my life." 


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lift MEMOIRS Ot 

Indeed, those who knew Garrick intimztebfiitk 
life, and who had seen him act bis roundsy as hi 
called them, could very well believe this anecdote 
of him. His mode was as follows: when he was 
in high spirits, and with intimates congenial to 
himself, he would suddenly start up, and placing 
himself behind a chair, (leaning on the back of 
it,) would convey into his face every possible kind 
of passion with an, infinite number of gradations; 
At one moment the company laughed i at another, 
cried; now melted into pity; now terrified; and 
presently they conceived in themselves something 
horrible, he * seemed so much terrified at what he 

After practising this for some time, he drew his 
features into the appearance of such dignified wisi 
dom, that a Lord Chancellor might have sat for 
the portrait; and then, by an admirable, yet de- 
grading transition, he became a driveller ajad a 
fooL In short, his face was what he obliged you 
to fancy it-^age*~youth— joy— grief— every thing 
he assumed. . 

There h a stOry told of Garrick, that he fright-* 
ened Hogarth so inuch by appearing to him as 
the Ghost pf Eliding, whom he so resembled by 
altering his features, that Hogarth never told the 
circumstance without evident emotion. 


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Garrick's thus ctiltivatihg his'prfefcfisfon o^as 
well as on the stage, acquired Yxxch' jud^inent 
afid versatility, that we scarcely ever ffhd liim mis- 
led to persevere fn characters white he Ijost 
groiifid. *' ' ' 

His Othelli^ was anemarkablc instance of this. 
Willing to take such conspicabaa:'' part in th6 
great circle of his professiond talents, he attempt- 
ed this i^ery diffipalfc ^ character, ^vhere, indepen- 
dent of all judgment and taste, there is a deniand ^ 
of figure, and tones of voice, perhaps superior to 
any in the whole range of the draniar but though 
his ambition tempted him to a triali bis judgment 
would not suffer him to continue in it : he dropped" 
it after tbe first night, and never afterwards as*^ 
sumed a second r^resentation. 

Two additional motives may have probably de* 
termined him to abandon Othello, The one wa«, 
tbat Barry very soon afterwards made his appear*^ 
ance on the London staj^ in tliis part; and the ' 
very just arid deserved applause he acquired, might 
have shewn Gafrick the impolicy of a contention. 
Tlie other was, the sarcasm which Quin made 
upn his performance, when asked by a lady how 
he liked Mr. Garrick'in Othello? ^' Othello f 
Madam," replied the Cynic; *^ Psha! no such 
tMag l-^There was a little bhck boy, like Pom- 
pey attending with a tea-kettle, fretting and fum- 
ing about the stage; but I saw no Othello.'* - 

I Garrick 

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114 , ll|fil*0lRl5 OF 

Garrick h?^4iw>touly j^dlgment ip reliaquish- 
ing a part that he foun(|, upon experiwc^, was 
unfit forhutt; bathe had ap^h ^ kppwledge qf 
lijia own. powers in other cha^-ae^er^^ *^ tha^t a whqk 
college of wit-crackers could not flout hin^^ o^t qf 
his humour," when he found he was right. Quin^ 
foj Jpstance, attempted toJbeajuaUy witty and 
seV^rq on hi^ Sir lohq Brute, by ciWingh Jacky 
Bfuip: h\^tQ^n\c]i peisaveretdm the cbapactec 
not withstanding; jmd the Tolru, to the laat, ad* 
injttod the ju^tkie.of his ohcace; 

We sMll mention one more kistance of G^^ 
rick's judgriiint, (which seldom or never yielded 
itp his vaoity^). in the instance luf tlie tn^td^y of 
CmoTy ad ada{)ted to the Eiriiishi stage^ froiti? the 
French play of Voltaire's, hy A^on HiHy Esij. 

. Af^^r the success of this authov's Mirope^ he 
tvied alibis arts to make Garrick pierfiocmin this 
lu3 fc^v.QiHite Tragedy of Gassar: he tpW hitn^ 
*^ he had writtea this djaa^acter expressly for the. 
e^ihikUiQii of hi& powers, s^id tx> ahew thatMei;^ 
ofpmiQ^'vA. \Khicb heu&taod so iimch tiniivaHcd/*: 
lie $t)^0(p^4 ^ve>ii to tbe most barefaced i^ttcries^ 
ai^>^ ini a tetter addressed to, him on tkis^ subjeot, 
t^lk^ '^ of a mitMikh^ cQiuJdiunQe> togethet w^th 
such <?3f^4 and. attitudes, S^€. Sfio. as would, oatdo- 
all his. former oatdoingsu'' Ihit Gamck, thoja^ 
a.. good deal miak^ by flattery, ajs well as feaf , 


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CHAtLES llACKtiy. 115 

tipoh ether Occasiwis^ ne^ef let either interfere 
with his theat?ical reputacirtfi: he palixely parried 
911 these sdlkitatk>fiS)' and Araa determined, like 
Bnmi^ not td be trepanned by Oesar. 

Itt ahottr u.pdtt iJM receifrt of this letter, Gar-^ 
rick gaiQe sueh rea^ona m Mr. Hill for his not 
appeairhig m his Tragedy ipmy advafitft-ge, that 
he gave up all designs of bringing it forward ; ati^^ 
as the author died in a few months afterwards, 
thi* offVpriog of bij Mua(e accompanied him to the 
gravQ ia ^iietyce and obscurity. 

At wiia[t period Garrick becaifie acquainted with 
MoL Woffittgtwn, we do not exactly krtow; by 
coTOputatioii^ it wwst be sorm rime befoi^ his ^p- 
peafatiee^GoodmaifsPieldjj or immediately af- 
terwards/ a$j; Wtt find thrill both engaged for the 
Btebfo Theatw ip, the smftitier of 1 743, and both 
c»JiOTkiiig out tlwit expedition in the month of 
itm 4lie same year. 

We fia^r^ Rkewise a song of Garrfck's onhisr 
nmteefsiabcKit the same time, heginning with, 

; ' . " Gfaerf moFt I^ taxtn iwy vocal fhell. 
To hills and dale& my passiop te][> 
A flame which time can never quell, 
Which burns for thee, my Peggy;" 

trWck ^^s much talked e>f at that time midet the 
general ritle of '' Lovely Pegg>\" Macklin used 

I 2 often 


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<jften to call thU **.a watcr-grucl thiiigi" which 
made its way amongst fasiiionable circles, merely 
through the medium (if Garrick's theatrical name, 
without any point, or peculiarity of sentiment, -to 
support it: but, perhaps, this may be a proof 
of h\s passion^ as most of our best love-^origs have 
been Avritten by mere poetical lovers^ . who. had no 
other interest to support than their reputation as 

Upon tlieir return from Dublin, Mrsi.Woffirig- 
ton lodged in the s^me house with Macklin; and 
as Garrick often visited there, there was a con- 
stant course of society between the parties: a 
fourth visitor, too, sometimes made his appear^ 
ance, but in private — who was a Noble Lord, 
lately living, and who was much enamoured with 
Miss Woffington*s njany agreeable, qualifications. 
It, however, unfortunately happened one night, 
that Garrick had occupied Miss Woffingtoms 
chamber when his Lordship took it iii his head td 
visit -his favourite Dulcinea. A loud knocking 
at the door annoupced his arrival, when Garrick, 
who had always a ^roj^er presentiment of danger 
about him, jumped out of bed, and gathering up . 
his clothes as well as he could, hunied iip to Mack- 
lin's apartments for security. ' 

Macklin was just out of his first sleep when he 
was roused by his friend;, who told him the parti- 

: . . . - .: ; cular 

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cular. cause of disturbing hihi, and requesting the 
use of a bed for the remainder of the night/ But 
wbat; was Garrick's surprise when, on reviewing 
the articles of his dress which lie brought up with 
him, " in the alarm of fear,*' he found be had left 
his ^scratch wig below in Miss Woflftngtpn's bed- 
chamber! Macklin did all he could to comfort 
him — the other lay upon tenter*hooks of anxiety 
the whole night* 


But to return to his Lordship : He had scarcely 
entered the apartment, when finding something 
entangle hts feet in the dark, he called for a light, 
and the .first, object he saw was this unfortunate 
scratch! which, taking up in his hand, he ex- 
claimed with an oath, ** Oh ! Madam, have I 
found you but at last? So here has been a lover 
in this ^se !*' and then fell to upbraiding her in 
all tbe language of rage, jealousy, and disappoint- 
ipent The lady heard him with great c6mposure 
for same' time; and then, without offering the. 
least excuse, " begged of him not to make him- 
self so great a fool, but give her her wig back 
again." !'What! Madam, do you glory in your 
infidelity?. Da you own the wig then?** " Yes, 
to be sure I da," said she; ** Fmsure it was my 
inoney' paid for it, and I hope it will repay me 
with money and reputation too." This called for 
a farthfiF^'fecplanation. At last she very coolly 
5^14, -" Wl]^, my Lord, if you will thus desert 

I 3 your 


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JJP UOiOlM Off ^ 

y^r iM^mdci M a mtLnp and bi3 prying into M 
the liitle peculiarities cif J»y doDiestic and profiw*- 
fiipnal b^aine^s^ knof^, that I am soon to j^y a 
t>reeche5 part; and thit wig, which ybusotrt*- 
ijmphan^ly bpldin yottx hand^. isJthe veiy Indivi*^ 
dual wig I was. practising in a liittk before I went 
to bed : and so, because my maid wts careless 
enough to leave it in your Lordship's \ray — ^her^ 
I am to be plagued and scolded at such a rate, a6 
if I was a common prostitute." 

, ' This speech had aU the desired effect : . his Lord^ 
ship fell upon his kneess, begged a thcMisand pan- . 
dons, and the night was passed in harqioiiy an4 
good humour. 

Garrick heard these particulars widi transport 
next morning; praised her wit and ingc^ity; 
^nd, ^What was still better, Sir," said Macklin, 
^' gave u$ a dinner the same day at -Richmond, 
where we all laughed heartily at his Lwdshij^'s 
puUibiHty." V ^ 

The connection betweoi Miss Wofflngton and 
Parrick soon after thia became more united : they 
Icei^ houae together, and, by agreement, each 
l)ore the monthly expences alternately. ]V^1tK4i 
freqently nuide one at their social boa^rd, HMhich 
was occasionally attended bysome of the first wits 
oC that time; particularly during Mis» W'offingu 


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CHAftLCt MAtlLLIN. 1 )9 

ton^ month, vhiefa tras kltrays d)$«ihginisbed by 
a better table, and a greater mti of ^o^d (^dnipa- 
uy. When Macklin was a«ked, *' Ho^ did this 
happcTn?'* he Would VepJy, m his fough cynical 
mati&er, ^^ Happen^ Sir! it did not happen at all 
—it was by dtiign^ by a studied tc^ncmy on the part 
of Garrick, which moti or le^ attended hiit^^aU 
through Kfe." '' Why, I thought Mr. Garrick 
was rather esteemed a generous manV " Yes, 
Sir, iu talk he was a very generous man, a humane 
man, atid all &at; and^ by G— d. Sir, I believfe 
ite was no hypocrite in his imnlediateifeelibgis: 
bttt, Sir, he would tell you all thii vdrjr plausibly 
at his tocmse in Southatnpton Street, ' till turning 
the corner^ the very Gt^i ghost of a farthing he 
met snihi would melt all his fine resolutions ^ iii^ 
to air, into thin ai#,' and lie was then a mere 

Dr. JohAson adds another testimony of Gar«- 
rick's parsimony oi^ these occasions. Drinkhi^ 
tea one evening with him at l^liss Woffingtori's, be 
scolded her fc^r makii^ th^ t^a too strong; and, 
tijpon her replying, '* it was lio stronger than^usu* 
al/' be got up witk some passion and exclaifned^ 
"Not sftronger iShtn astia^ Madam ! Why tbi* 
tn is as rfid as Wood/' 

Dis|^6sitio^s 96^(f%tf^ent a» Garrick^s amd Wof^ 

filigtott, w^e 4dt likely :t6 produce a good fM^ 

- 14 trimonial 

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130 , MEMOIRS or 

ttimotddf dy^. The lattw was raibher sanguine 
in the cQutrary opinioB* Garrick certaiu^ had 
great a4:tf aq tions : his person was neat and elegant ; 
his niannerj^vagreeable and uprightly; withtajenfcs 
that, withpu^ a rival, not only placed him at the 
head of his professioq, but must insure- hun a yery 
cqpsiderahle, fortune; These were strong induce- 
ments iQ ill terest the lady, who, though young, 
and rather .handsome; with fine accomplishments, 
and rising. ;talents, yet was not immaculate, m her 
private jclj^p^c^ter^ What encQuragamenfrGajfrick 
gave hfep fqr the hope of marriage, we do not 
jcnow ; butjtbat she. reckoned ou it as ajstrpng ^rc^- 
bability, M^jcklin believed from many conv4r«r 
tions which he had with her qnythe subject* The 
following little circumstance, however, soon threw 
this hope for'ever to the grouStd, 

After one of those tiUa tites^ when we sup- 
|)ose, hke; Lucy in ^*The Beggar's Op^a," she 
was soliciting him '^ to be made am houwtwoman 
<]if," the prQ$pect of such a marriage haunted, him 
so in his dreams, . tliat he laid a very restless night 
jQf itn She enquired, the cause : hedemurrjed, and 
hesitated for some time ;..bu;t as the lady would 
take no txcitse, be cbnfusedly (told her, . ** that be 
was thinking of this marrikgt^ That it was a ver 
ry foolish tiling for both parties, who might do 
better; in jsepamte Imes; iandttotjrfor .bi« jiart, 
though he, loyed and res^jected his d/ear Peggy, 


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and ewr shoftitd do so as an admirer, yet he (x>uld 
not aiiswer for himself in thie part of Bazeilkk.^^ 
" Aiui priy,^ was it this," said the lady, very 
cpolly, ^ * which hits given you this restless night?" 
"Why, to tell you the triith, my dear Peg, as 
you love frankness, it was; and, in consequence, 
I have worn the shirt of Dejamra for these last 
eight houri past" "Then/Sir," said she, raising 
her voice, "get up, and throw it off; for from 
tWs hour I separate myself from you, except in 
the course of professional business, or in the pre- 
sence of a third person." Garrick attempted to 
sooth her, hut m vain: they parted that moment; 
and the ' lady kept her word with the greatest 

This story soon got abroad, and was, as usual, 
exaggerated with all those ridiculous circiunstances 
which Gossip Report is so dexterous at. A caii- 
cature of the transaction, no way honourable to 
the actor, appeared in the print shops, to the 
great* amusement of the public. • 

Next morning Miss Woffington packed up all 
the little presents which Garrick had given he?, 
^ sent them to him with a farewell letter. Gar- 
rick did tl^ same to her; excepta pair of diamond 
sboeMcktesv; which cost her a considerable strmi 
and of which he t6ok no notice. She waited a 
month longer, to see whether he would jcturu 

them : 

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122 JffXMOiRS ok: 

them : she then .^rote bim a Ifctter^ deKeately 
touching OQ the ciccumstaxtoe. To ibis Oarriek 
repKed, siying, ** as they wtrectiie onlj ii&ktnt^ 
morials he had of the many'hkppj hottrs wlwh 
passed between them, he hoped she would peitnit 
him to ke^ them far lier sake^" . Woffingtoh saw 
through tbisy but had too in ueh spirit to reply; 
and Garrick retained the burckles- tothe ia^t hour 
of his life. "" 

Of tlus celebrated woman, no less &niocis fbr 
her talents, and fine accompHsihmieints, than fbr 
her generosity and appropriate ftdings, .the fol- 
lowing sketch of her character,: as taken Atmi 
Macklin, and other contemporary performers, caw- 
not be unacceptable ; especially as the public will 
jBnd in it some particulars which were either un* 
known tx), or have escaped, the rest of ber bio^ 

The origin of Miss Woffington, as is well knoww, 
was very humble. Her mother, on the death of her 
father, kept a small grocer's shop (commonly 
called in Ireland a huckster's shop) upon Orm^nd 
jQuay ; and under, this inauspieioas circumstance 
did a woman, who afterwards ddigJjted natiAwsj 
and: attracted thft higliestprivfete regards, begm 
her career in life. What first garve rise to die ac^ 
complishmetit of so great a eJtenge, thefollo\v!ing 
circnmstance will explaiau 

1 There 

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There wtts a Fteach wovian, of tlieiiameof 
Madame Violante,* who tool: up an occasional 
residence in Dablin about tlxe 3^r 17S8. Thift 
uroman was celebrated foi exfaibttittg great feati 
of gr^ce and agility on the tight rope, Ac &a 
and, as she supported a good private character, 
her exhibidons were much resorted to at that tkne 
b^ people of the best fashion. Violante varied 
her amusements to tif>e floating caprices of taste; 
and as ** The Beggar's Opera*' was then the rage 
all over the three kingdoms, sh^ undertook to get 
up a representation of thb celebrated p'rece with a 
company of children, or, as they were called in 
Ae Wiia of that day, *' LilUputian Actow.'' Wof- 
fisgtoii, who was then only in the tenth year of 
her age, she fixed upon as her Mecheatki and 
such was the power of her infant t^lent^ not it 
little perhaps aided by the partiaKties in fa^^r of 
tiie opera, that the Lilliputian Theatre wis &hiw^ 
ed every night, and the spirit and address of the 
little hero the theme of every theatrical con* 

* Hete was not only an early and accidental de- 
cision of her genius for the stage, but for her fu* 


^ This womaa, %ho nuist have been exceedingly, cdtfbr^ed, 
has had tli^ sii^Ur boagur to b^ noticed by $wift» tii bis *^ Yim^ 
4ication of hk Excellency Lord Cartjeret." Id this piece, wbich 
abounds with traits of the Dean's peculiar cast of humour, it 
will be seen, that the use he has made of her is eminently poli^ 

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12^ . : HaOMLOlHS: OF ; * 

turj&:«xceUencc i^ibmecAesparisi as,i Judaiat the 
character, of Macbeath. been .assigned her, it is 
inpre tbanprobabk, she would hiavegoheon: in the 
.usmtlHne of actiftg„. without evier being.celebmted 
as the, best male rake, of her day, . : 

A commenlpemje^t so favourable,, got her. an ^a- 
g^ement a few years afterwards :atSni6<pk Alley 
Tbeati*e, DnbUn, where, she «oon fulfilled every 
expectation that was fornied of hfer; and so Ihtle 
did her humble birth, and early ediication, bow 
down her mind to her situation, that her talent* 
were found evidently to lie in the .representation 
of females of high rank and dignified deportment; 
Her person was )5uijtable>tQ.§uch an exhibition, be* 
ijftg of sige above the middle stature, elegantly 
formecj,! and, though no tan absolute beauty, had 
a , faeo full of expression and vivacity, , She was^ 
be$tde> highly accomplished for the stage, being 
a peifect mistress of dancing, and of the French 
Jatiguftge; both of which she acquired uuder the 
tuition of Madame Violante. 

Her reputation on the Irish stage drew an^ olfer 
from Mr. Rich, the Manager of Coyent Gardea 
Theatre, for an engagement at a very handsome 
salary, which Miss WoflSngton accepted, and in 
the winter of^ 1740, (when our heroine was ex* 
actly twenty-two y^ars of age,) she made her first 
appearance oh t^ie London Stage in the charac- 

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ter of Sylvia, in "The Recruiting Officer;** and 
in the same month she performed Sir Havry Wild* 
air. The publication of this part to be undertaken 
by a a;<;^?/m, excfted the curiosity of the public, 
and more ' paifticularly ^ the character had for 
the most paa-t lain dormant since the death of 
Wilks, ^(se*el* years before that time,): who \vm 
fiiiivers«illy esteemed the first Sir Harry on thef 
stage. However this curiosity was fully fe^tisfied 
in favbtir of Miss Woffi^gton, it was admitted by 
the biist Critics, that sht /represented this gay, 
good^biiwoared^ dissipated rafce of fashion,^ \vith- 
an ease, efegaince; and deportment, Avhiclf seemed 
almost'out of the reach of female accomplishments j 
and her fame flei^ abdut the town with^ sucb rapi- 
dity, iKat> the comedy had a ran, and proved a 
considerable 'a(^itibn to the treasury for many 
seasons aftferwattJ*. • , 

Updii tliis^ occasion, she one night observed to " 
Quin, ^fter coming off the stage in a thunder of 
applause,.*^ I really believe, Quin, half the au- 
dirade take me for a man." *^ By G— d. Madam, 
If theydo, (^aid the cynic,) the other half of the 
house know to the contrary.'' 

And hefe a slight discussion on the merits of 
this ^chat^cter, ias well as af breeches parts m ge-^ 
Beral, may not be unacceptable to the amateurs 
of the ^rama; particularly as the, opinion we are 


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ibout t^ give, hi^ been sahetioned by those of 
Garrick^ MadcltiS. ^nd others. . 

The reputation which Miba WofiSogtcm bad for 
5^hy jrew59 in t\w char^ter Ql!Sir;H;wTy.Wildair^ 
was smihj tkat it was considered as v^.oHcfdiWvrc 
oC acti»g^ which \inaBtcd iiothinf ^thernalt act* 
€omptiskm€nt, 4Hd which, perli^s^ ii^to wvet 
^(jaalkd hy Wilks .hi«rs«tf ** irt the iwcfridiaB of 
bi9 repiitftt iQi. " Tlw c€fitm»fy was^iiot mhkAWyf 
pu^; uoT iviH it apply to any wojnani. no^Bwatiet 
how cjelcWailsed ahe>:in^y be in malo-chaiActcrs, 
(fiM^i W9ifi characters.) Where a wom^i^ no 
djoubt,: personates a man pro, ten^iore, ts is* the cade 
in several of <Mwr stqck coR»edie^ Xpstrtic^wfly wi 
Hypolita, in- " Ske Woi*ld and She Would Not,"> 
the eloper the iBiiftition ia m^de^ the niOre we ap^ 
plaud the performer, but alwayji^ tbeknowladfg^ 
that the object before us is a woman assuming the 
chameim' of :^ m(tn;, but wb€;H t)^ saTf^i woman 
totally usurps tl>e eaale character, aad.we atfe kft 
to try her meiits merely ias, a man^ witho^rt niak^ 
ing the lejft&t-aU»wance fmthem^^i^tm of the 
other sex, wfc may safely pronoiiftcei .there \» na 
woman, nor ever was a woo^^oi)^ who^nfuHy su^ 
ply this character. There is such a reverse in all 
the ^hdbks andiBO^ of the twos^^es^ ic^j^ited 
from thevfry cradle upwards, thftt it m wat toalt 
unposs4bility foi the one to resemble the ^ther (0'aa 
totally to escape, detection. Garriek^^who' wi»» 

a great 

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1^ great judge of bis ajrt^ ilwa-ya thought so; and 
I5Q <tid M^cfelin ; md when the Case of Miss Wof- 
§ngtori*& &r Harf y wft$ offered aa ^n e;iception to 
thU: genwal rwl^, G^rrick woufetd uut admit it: he 
s^id^ ** It no dfOubt wa9 a grec^t ajltenipt for rfwo*^ 
fnan^ but still it was not Sir Harry Wildair." 

^isa Woffi9gtf#i,^ hoiwever great hei: reputation 
in ^Mfl pftTt, did not r€st it wholly iu'Sir Harry* 
In d»ficd6eiT^ of paiy, high bred deportmcat, suck 
2^^iiB»i^»tv Lady.Towaly, l^dy Bfe;tty Modidi, 
Ste. sihe. po$9eft$Qd a fiist late merit/ She likewise, 
excelled: in many .of the humotous parts of come- 
dy J woh u I^dy Ptiant^ in Congreve's " Dour 
Wf^De^ei r' Mrfik D^y, in ''The Committee;" and 
ofcb^^; o6t in the letst sccuplmg, on these occa^ 
su»^>tp ctmwrt the iMtw9A beauty of her face to 
the wftekto pf oW agev and put on the tawdry 
httJ^tmcsits. and;Mu)gai mainners of the old hypo* 
critiGal city vixen. 

|)uciiig the tender connection between GarriclK 
audi Woffip^OB^ they often peiibmied together 
la the same scene, both here a.nd in Dublin; but 
when the former became Manager of Drury Lane 
in the year 1747, he was not a little embarrassed, 
Qfld findhig hei oao of the articled comedians of 
his partner Mr. Laey- Wcdfingtoa felt equally 
avkwasd xvi it; and ^vhafe roade her situation still 
more critical, waa the professkmal ioteHerence of 


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128 iTEMOIBS ot • 

Mrs. Cibber, Pritcbard, and Clive; ^rtictikrly 
the latter, who, being naturally quick,^ as v^bW as 
coarse " in her passion, frequently drew upOh her 
the sarcastic replies of Woffington, who Itiade 
battle with a better grace, and tli^ utnlost cdm* 
posure of temper. 

To live in a state of warfare, however, was not 
Woffingtoii's penchant. She soon after; quitted 
this Theatre for Covent Garden, where she had 
niore scope for her talents, and where, for near 
four years, sKe shone unrivalldd in the walks of 
elegant and humorous comedy. It is true, die 
BOW and then (particularly after her trip ^rom Pa- 
ris, where she had studied a good deal the grace 
and grandeur of the French Theatre under the ce* 
lebrated actress Madamoiselle Dumesnil) ambi- 
tioned the higher walks of tragedy ; but thisr line 
of acting was evidently not her^r/e. Her Afh 
dromache and. Hermione brought her some kind 
of approbation; but her tones were in general too 
Cibherian for Tragedy ; and, however they might 
display the propriety of mere recitation, they had 
not tl>e power of touching the tender or tempes-^ 
tuous passions. 

In 1751, Mrs. Woffington quitted the London 
Theatres for a very profitable engagement nqder 
^Ir. Thomas Sheridan, who w^s at that time Ma- 
nager of Smock Alley House, and who, being m. 


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CHAfaBa- MACfi£lN. J 29 

excellent jtidge himself of thfeatrkfi^ .merit, was 
ahva^i^s liberal in cuitivaiing the growth of distin* 
guisbed ta[lents. It Ai^as. at this sera th^ Woffingt 
tQu inigbt have beeft said ttf h».y0 re^chtd the 
tfotte of ilierifame: she ^a$ thea in the bloom of 
h^r persoo/ accoBftpliahmen.ts^ aUd profession; 
htghlyi Mife^ingaishfed Jfor hfer wit; and, vivacity; 
with^'a ehftrfia of cpnvej-satiQft thfit at once at- 
fraQteA Aht adnliratiw of tlw bk»> aqd the envy 
ofjthe^meni 1 , 

. Howr:«he' was conbidered as ah actrpss tnay be 
t8tiHuitfed; from the following tlieatrieal record, 
where Victor tells us, that, although hjer article 
with the Manager was but for four hundred pounds, 
yet)fcy foiir bfher characfteri, [^irfo^nnetlteii nights 
efeth thk^aeawh; yifc Lady Townly> Maria in the 
Njoijafo^rSir Harry^ Wildair, and Hermlone, she 
hmikght/fcw thousand pounds; W[i instaucci he 
adds, ' A^caf 'knJofwn^ theatre from four old 
stock plc(y9y and in two of which the Manager 

Themext yearStocridau liberally enlarged her 
salary to e^At hundred pounds; and, though it was 
ta be imagined that her force to draw audiences, 
Bauat be weakened, yet the profits at closing, tlie 
Hieateei^did not fell short of more than three 
bundled pound*; of the first-seasoin. . , 

. :; K' i. . .,j Her 

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f36 MElifOi* or 

Her company &f was equally sought for as tm 
the Stage; and though she did not uuich admire 
t^e frivolity of her own sex, and coase^^ueiilfy did 
not mix much with them, the Was the delight oi 
some of the gr&t vest and .most ^eMific characters 
in Church and State. She was well koowi^to be 
at the head of the cdebrated Beef Steak Cl^b (a 
club held every Saturday at the Manager's^ ex* 
pence, and principally composed of Lords^-aiid 
Members of Parliament) for many y^ars^ where 
no woman was admitted but herself; and where 
wit j^nd spirit, i^ taking their most exemiave 
flights,' never once broke through die hms of 
decorum. - . 

This cel^bfated Club, lioweVeT, which mapdersa 
great a noise at that time in the thxiatricULivt^orld, 
and at which Mrs. Woffington gav64md'ree^«f)ed 
such inftnit^ satisfactioii, after a few^ y^xi^ima^ 
died Into what was called ^*Rarty Meeting,^ where 
CJ^i/^/iW thought the Coitr/ wag toe /^pi^domi* 
nant; and, in consequence of this opinieq, o«treak:-» 
ed their vengeance, in the end, on the unoffend- 
ing Mai^agen Mus^ riVoffington saw these troubles 
brewings and actisally afloat whilst sh<? remain^ 
in Dublin ; she therefore thought pnsper to relin- 
(|uish tbi$^*SK:^mie of ^^^^t^Bxt opce more for die 9^* 
gions of Loudon, and in the winter of 1756, re* 
turned to her old quarieri under Rich, t|ie Maiia'^ 
seer of Co vent Garden Theatre. 


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CHAKLEk KA€KLl!f. 131 

Though Mrs. Woffington was now only in her 
thhrty-eighth year, (a time of life, generally speak-* 
ing, whi<5h may be called nteridUmal in point of 
constitution and professional talents,) her health 
began visibly to decline : ske, however, pursued 
her pubKc profession till the year before her death, 
when her disorder increasing, s]>e retired from the 
stage in 1759, and died on the 28th of March, 

Many yeats before her death, perhaps in the 
gaiety of her heart, she made a kind of verbal en- 
gagement with Colonel C (a quondam ina- 
morato of her's) " that the longest h'ver was to 
have all/* l^e, however, thought better of this 
rash resolution, and bequeathed her fortune, which 
was i^ove five thousand pounds, to. her sister; a 
legacy which, though it is said gfi^atly disap- 
pointed the Colonel, (who, perhaps, might have 
disappointed her, had it been his turn to go first,) 
was more suitable to the duties she owed to so 
near and valuable a relation, 

{>ome generalship was practised on this occasion 
, between Mrs. Woffington and the Colonel The 
former having neglected to make the clause in 
favour of her sister till this her last illness, the 
Colonel suspected her intentions, and, with a 
view to prevent them, was constant in his daily 

^2 visits, 

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visits, almost from morning till night. The ^is^ 
ter took advantage, however, of the ColoneFa 
leaving the house one evening rather early, and 
had the will altered to her mind; and which hap- 
pened to he just in time; as the Colonel returned 
before he went to. bed, to bid another adieu to; 
*^ his lovely Peggy." 

We Jiad the above anecdote froiji a gentleman 
nQw liviqg, who w?is then clerk to an eminent at- 
torney, under whom he was employed to draw 
the will. 

Her death was considered at that time as a ge- 
neral loss to the stage; and Mr. Hoole, (the in- 
genious Translator of Ariosto, &c*) who knew 
her perfectly well, has in the following lines 
(which we have extracted from his Monody to 
her Memory) drawn her public and private cha- 
racter so faithfully, that we cannot better con- 
clude this sketch, than by giving them a repetition 
,in this place. 

Blest in each ^rt, by Nature form'd to please, 
With beauty, sense, with elegance, and ease, 
Whose piercing genius study'd all mankind, 
All Shakespeare opening to thy vigorous mind; 
In every scene of comic humour known, 
In sprightly sallies, wit was all thy own: 
Whether yoi| seem'd the Cit's more humble wife, 
Or shone in Townly*s higher sphere of life, 
Alike thy spirit knew each turn of wit. 
And gave new force to all the poet writ. 


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Nor was thy worth, to public scenes confin'd. 
Thou knew'st the noblest feelings of the mmd ; 
Thy ears were ever open to distress. 
Thy ready hand was ever stretch'd to bless. 
Thy breast hupiane for each unhappy felt, 
Thy heart for others' sorrows prone to melt. ' * 

In vain ^id Envy point her scorpion sting, 
In vain did Malice shake her blasting wing, . 
Each generous breast disdain'd th' unplrasing tale, 
J^nd cast o'er every fault Oblivion's veil. 

The friendship between Macklin ai)d Garrick 
continued with unabating attachment, from ike i 
first period of their acquaintance, to thfe general 
revolt of the Performers of Drury Lane in the 
year 17*3. During this interval, the latter looked 
up to the former for his theatrical experience with 
Afan^gers and the public; and as Macklin always 
talked mucb of marketable fame, Garrick, who 
had a great deal to dispose of, thought him a 
good chapman to inform him of the best modes 
of keeping up its just value: and, indeed, so apt 
was the pupil in those lessons of economy, that 
he soon soared beyond his master — Macklin hav- 
ing the theory only in his head; subject to the 
impetuosity of hispassions— Garrick mixing Meo- 
ry and practice together, under the direction of 
prudeujce,* a»d the nMure of e:^isting circujp- 

ITie revolt of the Performers In 1/43, occa- 
sioned by the great irregularity of the Manager 

li 3 . Fleetwood, 

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Fleetwood, is too we^l known to need * recital 
here. The obligations entered into between 
Macklin and Garrick, at the head of thi$ revolt, 
were certainly to stand by each other until their 
demands were compHed with; but being disap- 
pointed in the I-.ord Chamberlain's decision,* Gar- 
rick found all opposition not only indFectual as 
to the point in question, but likely to be attended 
with very seVious consequences to him and his 
friends: he therefore made his terms with the Ma- 
nager, as did many others of the seceders, except 
Macklin; Avho, in imitation of Shylock, insisted 
Vpon the particulars of his bond with Ga'rrick, 
aqd loudly complained both of the br^cach o( 
friendship and confederated agreement. 

Deciding upon this question in the Court of Mi- 
noSy there can be no doubt judgm_ent must go 
with Macklin ; but there are certain circumstances 
which cannot be foreseen at the time of entering 


♦ Tfce I>ukc of Grafton, grandfather to the present Doke^ wats 
thea Lord Chamberlain, who, on receiving the petition of the 
Performers for a licence to act plays at some other Theatre, in- 
dependent of their former Manager, very gravely asked one of 
the Performed (we beUeve Mr. Garrick) what wa« the yearly 
amount of his salary ? The answer was, about 500U per yeiif . 
** And this you. think too little,** replied his Grace, " whilst I 
have a Son, who i^ heir to my titW and estate, venturing ^ life 
daily for his King and Country, at much less than half that sum/* 
The petition was of coorse rejected. 

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^ CHAEI^ES UACK\.l^.' 136 

into some agreements, which, thou^li, perhaps, 
not altogether sufficient to justify, yen enough to, 
apolQgi^ for the bieach of them. This we iQok 
upon The performers could not gain the 
poiat £ov whix^h they confederated, and an obsti- 
nate holding out must have very materially in-: 
jured Garrick, both in his rising fame and for- 
tune, whilst most of the others would be %bsolute-t 
ly ruined. Conamon prudence, therefore, de- 
molded an accommodation; and though we be* 
lieve Macklin would have taken all risks sooner 
than infringe this agreement himself^ yet the ill- 
judged obstinacy of one man shQuld not.iuvolvc 
the bread of others. ^ . 

3ut Macklin did not dread a storm with the 
fears xrf ordinary inen. As he was active in revolt, 
so he was marked by the Manager as a ring-lea- 
der, and he did not disclaim that character. He 
created a party both against the Manager anil the 
principal actor, (Garrick,) and, on the first ap- 
pe^rancf of the latter in the character of .Bayes, 
he spirited up^ his friend Dr. Barrowby to head 
this pf^rty in the pit, which being opposed by 
another cabal of the Manager's friends, produced 
as great ^riot for two nights successively, as per- 
haps wasever known within the walls of a Theatre. 

Garrick's talents, and the general desire to see 
those talents brought into action, a^t length pre- 

K 4 vailed : 

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h36 MEMOIRS OF ' • 

vailed : the public Would not have fheir amuse- 
ments infefrupted for the sake of party disputes, 
and the malcontents began to relax. Even Dr. 
Barrowby himself, who was not a man easily intimi- 
dated, toldMacklin, that -' a continuance in thesfe 
riots would not only shut him out of Drury Lanef 
Theatre for ever, but perhaps' .^Awf hitn up in a 
prison, which was much worse." The parties, 
after this, had I'ecourse to their pens, and the 
pens of theiip friends, for the continuance of the 
war. . • • 

It is not within the province of these anecdotes 
to relate a regular life of Macklin, which has been 
already done in various forms, but to touch up- 
on' poirits of his long intercourse with the stage 
not generally known, and which might best elu- 
cidate the manners and characters of the times 
in which he lived. Having therefore mentioned 
the nam6 of Dr. Barrowby, as a leading charac- 
ter in this' theatrical riot, and having likewise 
brought him for\vard as the mutual friend of 
Macklin'.and Garrick in a former part of these 
Anecdotes, some little sketch of his life maty not 
be unentertaining. * 

Barrowby was a young man, the son of a Phy- 
sician, educated at one of our public schools, and 
afterwards entered at Cambridge, where he soon 
distinguished himself as a man of learning, talents, 


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and dMsipation. H^ was designed foF a physician; 
and as the celebrated Dr. Radcliflfd' had left be^ 
hind him a. kind of school for bold practitioners, 
Barrowby seems to have formed himself upon this 
plan. He was naturally forward and decisive, 
both in. his conversation and measures; and as he 
had a fund of knowledge to <lepcnd upon, as well 
as a great turn for satirical wit, he was ambitious 
of taking the lead in company, sometimes at the 
expence of good manners and good-nature. 

• This disposition got him many enemies whilst 
at College; and those who could not vie with him 
in abilities, confederated to humble him at any 
rtite. They therefore insidiously circulated a fc- 
port, that, amongst Barrowby s vices, he had tt^ 
mxmher ^ partiality far an unmtural passim. He 
sGort feit the influence of this report, by a de^ser^ 
^n of many of his friends ; and he was resolved 
to get rid of it by an antidote, which very few per*^ 
sons, but a man 6f his. bold eccentric disposition^ 
would think of. He hired ap open phaeton and 
fourhorsesof astable-keeper atOxford, and, watchr 
ing his opponhnity, on a SunJday mornings when 
the heads of the Colleges were going to Church, 
he iponrited this phaeton, accompanied on each 
side by two, of the m6st infamons women from 
London, and in this situation: drove through tl^ 
town with the most dete^miioed effrontery imai 
ginable. ; ' • . / - 


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138 WE»I0IR5 ojr 

The surprise aii4 cp^terQatkm t|H$ occasioned 
may well be imagined; it forf)ie(l the converea* 
tion of the whoJe day; every body wondering all 
tht boldness and f^rofligjicy of the measure. The 
College, therefore, could not but tak^ cognizance 
of It; and he making noi defence, was expt^lled: 
with recorded disgrace. 

He foresaw this coiisequence, and piqued hjm^ 
self, through life, on the ingenoity of it. He 
nsed' to say, he had no other way to redeem his 
character. *'I could not defend myself, either 
by. an appeal to my usual manner of living, or 
calling on my accuiser;^ to come forward ; because 
BO direct, or public charge coyW, or was ever int^ 
tested to be made against me. A not^rhusfact 
to thexpntrary then," said he, ** was the best way 
to get rid qf a private insinuation." It so far 
Succeeded as to do away the malice of thefirsi* 
report: but surely few men, feeling tlierpselves 
ifincment of the crime impute to them, wottW 
trm think of so desperate a remedy 1 ^ 

When he quitted College^ he s^t ¥p as a pracK 
tistng Physician in London, and might have q}iV 
tkined a considerable share both of fame and pro-^ 
fit; had he been governed by thoSeprudent regrf- 
hrfion^ which are indispensibly claimed by th* 
poibiic from men of Im profeasion.. But het waflr 
a wit, and a man of pleasure; presided a.f mos^ 
•:i , of 

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of the convivial iseetiings about town ; and was, 
above all, considered as one of the best theatrical 
critic^ of his day. 

Some of OUT readers might smile at this last 
badge of distinction, applied to a professional 
man like Dr. Barrowby; but they must first take 
into their account of what import the title of a 
theatrical critic was in those days — It was the top 
feather in the cap of gallantry and literature — Jt 
was sought after by most of the young men of 
fashion and polite literature — And he who could 
obtain ^his niche in the Dramatic Temple, toot 
only, obtained a considerable degree qf fame, but 
of power and authority pj{^ iothers. 

These critics were distinguished from the critics* 
of the present day, by not being so by profe^ion, 
or rather by pecuniary engagements. They prac- 
tised the art sis amateurs ; and, as tliey appeared 
more in their own characters than sls (tnonynmci 
writersy they required greater responsibility in 
point of learning, taste, and judgment. Indexed, 
5uch was the popular as well .as scientific rage for 
the stag^, that a veteran critic now living, of 
most respectable autliority, has often said, speafc-. 
ing of those tiuies^ ^VThat there were theh four 
Estates in the Constitution of this Country, yi^ 
King, Lords, Commons, and the Theatres. . - 
1 Tte 

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140 ME^tOIRS of' ' 

The Bedford -Goffee-house was the great scene 
of theatrical discussion, where, after every new 
or revived play, farce, pantomime, &c^ these 
critics issued from the Theatre, to settle the quan- 
tum of nifefit or demerit of each piece Being 
mostly known to each other, they conversed free- 
ly arid openly upon the subject, very much to the 
amusement, and often to the improvement, of 
the amateurs of the profession. Macklin gehe- 
raHy made one of these parties, as did Foote, and 
the late Sir Francis Blake Delaval, who, knowing 
the irritability of Macklin's character, and the 
points to bring him out on, constantly introduced 
iiim as ia principal in these discussions. He wanted 
science, it isf true, eiijual tomost of his adversa- 
ries ; and when they quoted any Greek or Latin 
author as apposite to their opinions, hcf used to 
grow angry; but he was full of observation and 
experience; and occasionally let off a sarcasm, 
ithat brought the laugh, in full tide, agaihst hi$ 

Tlie writer of this account was present one night 
"at the Bedford, (towards the decline of this cus- 
tom,) when Macklin attd the late Hugh Kelly met, 
-after the representation of one of Garrick's pieces, 
(he thinks the musical entertainment of Cymon,) 
and when of course the merit of the piece fell un- 
der discussion. • They^ soon pitted themselves 
' against each other— Kelly on the side of Garrick, 



^d by Google 

CHAieiiss MACKn*. j41' 

and Macklin in direct opposition-*-the fortrier ail 
softness, and affected humility-i-tbelattef all home 
truth apd coarseness. The controversy lasted a 
very considerable time, to the no small amiise- - 
ment of the auditors; -when K^lly telling him, 
with a significant look, that he \vas willing to stand 
in Mt. Garrick's shoes, and answer personally afay 
thing he could say against liim, Macklin replied,^ 
(accompanied with one of his scowlmg sneers,) 
" And what right have you, Sir, to stand inOar-^ 
rick's shoes ? But I heg pardon — you are, I un*^ 
derstand, a tailor by profession, and may be «r- 
tided to provide him with full suits of panegy rici 
^oe^, stockings, and all.' *. ♦ 

This raised a general laugh, which soon put an 
end to the dispute; and the two combatants went 
to supper in different boxes, with a sovereign 
contempt for each other's abilities. .1 

Barrowby, as we before observed, made one of 
this old school, and, according to Macklin, was 
one of the deepest in point of knowledge of the 
set: and yet his inclination for the Theatre did 
not entirely divert him from his professional 


* Kelly was originally bred a Stay-maker in Dublin, and 
worked at his trade for some months after he came to London. 
He was, however, a man of some genius; and had a facility and 
an ^ease in writing upon common subjects, very agreeable t6 the 
level of ordinary reaiders. 

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14S , ITEMOXRS O* . 

pursuits. He was aHow^, by the best Judges of 
his art, to bean intelligent Physician; and that 
his parts and knowledge would have given him 
ceiebrity, if his assiduity 4nd gravity of deport^-* 
ment kept equal pace. . 

But the rage of shining iu another sphere, with 
the constant love of company, which too general-' 
ly draws on the love of the bottle, made him pre- 
fer the purlieus of Covent Garden to die regions 
of Batson's and Warwick-lane ; so that Btrrowby's 
pmctice, at last, was principally confined to the 
Performers of boih Theatres, and their connec- 
tions; here he mostly lived*— here he amused him-» 
self — and here he alternately held the bottle, and 
filled the chair of criticism, during the best part 
of tiie night. , 

A life of this irregularity could not last long— 
He had several sudden warnings before the last, 
but the voice of Pleasure sounded too high for 
tiiem to be listened to : one day, as he was sittings 
down to dinner at a tavern in Bow-street, Covent 
Garden, he complained of a sudden and violent 
complaint in hb head, which he hnmediately or- 
dered to be shaved close, and rubbed with bran- 
dy ; but this not relieving him, he told his com- 
panions, ^* t'was all over with him, for he theii 
knew his disorder was fatal. '^ A chair was called 
for, to carry him to his house in the city, wherfe 

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he was put to bed, and proper Eiedioines adminis- 
tei^d to him. He, however, still persisted " in 
Its being all \n v^in ;" and hjs prophecy was too 
fatally fulfilled, 83 be died next morning in a fit 
of strong apoptexy. 

Such was the short life of Dr. Barrowby; a 
BPian who, by every account of his wit, his strong 
iQl^itive wd medical knowledge, might have 
b^eo a ^cond RadcUfl^e,, both in fame and fortune, 
bad be considered propferly the duties he owed 
hims^ and bis profession. But the gratification 
of the moment was his stroiigest impulse, and to 
this every other consideration gave place. 

Hq was ; accused by ^ome of irreligious princi- 
ptes; but tbofi^ who knew him best, reported of 
him, tbftt, although he wight be negligent in ce-' 
r^n^oni^t), and ^t time$ loose in his manner of 
talking on i«ligiOu$ subjects, he was by no means 
an unbeliever, and in his dealings most certainly 
i moral man', his imprudence, however, in talk- 
ing freely, and often at improper times and places, 
made this ref)ort scarcely scandal; his wit and hu- 
mour wcFe always uppennost; and to indulge thi^ 
vein, he often not only made enemies, but 
left the other parts of his character open to sus- 

One day, as he was eating pork chops for his 
dinner at a public-house in the neighbourhood of 


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144 iiEMdiRs or 

Covent Garden, a Jewof hb acq[uairitance aik^ 
liini, how^ he could eat pork with such a gbtit? 
"Because I like it," said Barrowby; ** and all 
Vm sorry for is, that I was not hbin a Jew, for 
then I should have the pleasure of eitifig pprk-^ 
chops and sinning at the same time." 

He evidently eould have ho Cfth^r meaning iff 
this loose riemark but a^'ew rf'e^/>nV; and yetth^ 
mind that suffers itself to think in this manner, 
though jocularly, by degrees' indisposes it ifdt 
more serious meditations, and does a mischief in 
the example of more extent than it is awire of. 

But to return to Macklin, whom we left on the 
pave after his dismissal from Drury Latie Thea- 
tre. Hi$ situation here (as far as €odld be judg-' . 
ed by a common observer) was truly pitiable,' 
but perhaps not so much felt by himself: a man 
of Macklin's pride must have fed, not a httlej oti 
his anger for some time; and as he was conscious^ 
of his own resources, he consoled himself with 
making Garrick not only the butt df his' resent-* 
ment in paragraphs and pamphlets, but by every 
, little anecdote in private life, which be thought 
could depreciate his character. . * 

Garrick's avarice (which, by the bye, was not 
generally founded) was ;all through life a constant 
theme of Macklin's declamation; and it does hot 

a little 

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x:harl£$ macrlik. 145 

t little redound to the former's general reputation, 
that hi^ most inveterate en^my could bring no 
other charge against him than this, which, as 
far as ever we could learuj was no more from the 
beginning, than a laudable resolution of teing in- 
dependent. The needy, the disappointed, and 
the envious, however, joined in the cry ; and 
whenever MackUn talked of Garrick's avarice, he 
was generally believed. Indeed, the very iustan^ 
ces themselves, which he brought in proof of this 
charge, are of so trifling and laughable a nature, 
that, although they might mdirectly point. out 
an economical character, they ire far from esta^ 
Wishing that of the professed miser. 

To illustrate this, we shall produce some of these 
instances. Garrick and Macklin frequently rode 
out together, and often baited at some of the 
public bouses on the Richmond road. Upon 
these occasions, whenever they came to a turn* 
pike, or to settte the account of the luncheon, 
Garrick either had changed his breeches that 
morningf and wa* without money, or else used to 
produce a 96s. piece, which made it difficult to 
chsmge. . Upon these occasions, Macklin, to use 
his own phrase, ** stood Captain Flashman;*' that 
is, paid tke charge. This went on for some tune, 
.iKhen M^Win,;lindii?g tliat Garrick never took 
his turn of paying the expences, or repaying 
those he had advano^ for him, challenged him 

^ ' T 

it one 

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146 HfiSCOlES OF 

one day fcir a debt he owed him, and then 
puHed out a long slip of paper, in which the se- 
veral disbursements were entered according /# 
^/c, pldc€y ^Lndcompmiy i ** and which, Sir," satid 
the veteran, *' amounted to between thirty and 
forty shillings. The little fellow at first seemed 
Surprised, and theh would have turned it into a 
joke: but I was serious. Sir, and he paid me the 
money J and after that wq jogged on upon our 
own separate accounts.^' 

Another time Gtrrick gave a dinner at hb. 
lodgings to Harry Fielding, Macklin, Havard/ 
Mrs/Cibbef, &c. &c. and vails to servants being 
then inuch the fashion, Macklin, and most of the 
Company, . gave Garrick'is man (David, a Welch- 
man) something at parting— some a shilling, some 
half a ctoMTi, &c* whilst Field ihg, I'ery formally, 
slipt a pidoe of paper in hishAnd, with ^(rtnething 
folded in the inside. Whctt the company wel?e all 
gone, David seeming to ht hx high gle^, Oarrick 
dsked him how much he. got *' I can't tell you 
yet^ Sir," said Davy: "herein half a cfeWnftom 
Mrs. Gbber, Got pless hut-— ifer^j is ft billing 
fr/oni Mr. Majcklin~befe is two from Mr. Ktevundl, 
&c.*— and -hei-e is^soiti^liing more ffo^ the JPoiJt, 
(Sot - plessc his merry heaiH,^^ 5y this tittle' l)«vid 
bad aiifiykted the paper, wlitte, t(^liisgtaa%eirtoftish^ 

metit, life saw it tontafn Vio more x)x?Lti pntfdfiifyl 
G^riek felt nettled at X\\% ^nd next day spolce 

* to 

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to Fklding about tbe impropriety ofjesiing with 
a servant. " Jesting l" said Fielding, with a 
seeming surprise : " so far from it,- that I meant 
to do the fellow a real piece of service; for had I 
given him a shilling, or half a crown, I knew 
jnwi w<)uld have taken it from him; but by giv- 
ing him <miy a permy^ he had a chance of calling 
it his own." 

In tdling tlusse anecdotes, Macklin used to 

add, ^' Sir, he wat n(^ only avaricious . himself^ 
but he taught his man David all the tricks of his 
profession;, and. the fellow, Sir, was an apt scha* 
lar, knowing how far it would recommend himi 
to his masters notice. One day, Sir, when those 
jrnscala the bRiliflfe were in possession of poor Fleet- 
wood's ' Theatre, (as was often the, case,) and 
vcrc rummaging for property about the Green 
Boom, they aeized upon a hat of Garrick's, which 
ke usually wore in Richard the Third, and which 
beifig adorned with mock jewels and feathers, 
they ihought a great prize, though not intrinsi- 
eaily worth five shiUings, David^ however, feel- 
ing -for his nmstsers property, sputtered out, 
^Holloa! Gentlemen, take care of what you ane 
about: n«yw, look ye, ^hat hat you have taken 
away belongs to tbe»iirm^, '(meaning King Rich- 
ard;) and when he misses it,, there will be the 
Devil and all to pay.' The Bailiffs understanding 
tbb' in diQ^ri^alsfiise,. and^that the bat actually 
': I i. :^:^' belonged 

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tbclonged to ICing George, immediately detivered 
up their prey, and made a thousand apologies for 
their mistake.'* 

Whilst Mackltn was allaying his resentment by 
^qubbing ofF satirical anecdotes against Ganick^ 
he was not idle in respect to himself; for thougk 
excluded from Drury Lane Theatre, lie collected 
together a company of unfledged performers at 
^he Little Theatre An the Hajrmarket, which he 
,c^ened in the spring of 1 744 ; and where, amongst 
others, the afterwards much celebrated Samuel 
Foote made his first appearance in OtheUa 

To those M ho remember the figure, the impa- 
tience of temper, and the general harsh manner 
of Macklin, it is diiBcult to conceive ^how he 
could be well quailed as a theatrical preceptor; 
but what he wanted in the force and insinuation 
of personal example, he made good by the just* 
,ne8S and propriety of precept. He had studkd 
his profession with that attentipn, which arises 
from natural propensities^ and the love of fame; 
and as he was indefatigable in every thing which 
he seriously undertook, be formed a theory upou 
such strnplciand natural principles, as must great* 
ly benefit those wiio intcttded to makr the stage 

\ We have seen him,- many years after this, more 
than once, instructing pupils in the art of actings 


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and the principal part of hi3 method seemed to be, 
ia restraining them from those artificial habits of 
speaking which are too generally pre-conceivcd 
to belong to the stage. Putting them thus in a 
course of Nature, they felt the effects of her 
powers ; and, instead of that titum turn manner 
cdf speaking which was the predominant mistake 
of the old school, those who weie capable of at- 
tending to his advice, spoke the language of the 
character they represented, as little mixed with 
art as stage performances will admit of. He had 
carefully observed one fault, too common with 
many performers, (and some of them of generallj^ 
established reputations,) that, however sufficient- 
ly loud and articulate they were in many parts of 
their speeches, they failed of being heard towards 
the clo&&, owing sometimes to too gri^at an impe*- 
tuosity of utterance, and sometimes to an impror 
per management of the voic^ . This be was parr 
ticularly careful to guaird against, by shewing 
tliem, though it may be often necessary to lower 
the tones, these tones should be always audible, 
without diminishing tlfie harmony of the sentence. 
He 'was oandkl enough to instance the merit of 
Garrick in this particular, as we]l as in his wfii^ 
pers and sidespeecheSf which were all so articulated, 
and weU heard, as formed no inconsiderable part 
of the praise which belonged to this inimitable 

J. 3 Of 


zed by Google 

150 MEMOIRS or 

.^ Of his lectures on grace wjc cannot ^ay much. 
He had conceived very justly what proportion of 
grace and dignity belonged to Inost characters of 
the drama, which, as far as theory could instill, 
was useful; but when he came to example^ in kUi 
awn person^ (which he frequently did,) it was* 
laughable in the extreme. To see aman, likt Mack^ 
iin, gravely attempting to wave his neck in alt 
the undulating forms of elegance, and call up 
the loves and graces in his eyes; ** must havee^c* 
peeded all power of face :" and here we may rea- 

' sonably conclude, *Vthe pupil must be left to his 
own discretion." 

He was, however, soon relieved fVom the toil 
of a preceptor,, as, in the winter of 1744, we 
again see him on Drury Lane boards, re*canting, 
in the following prologue of his own writing, his 
' late quarrel with the Manager, and uniting him- 
self in bonds of amity with the rest of bis bre- 
threh of the drama. 

. Writttm mti ip^en.^ Mr. Mac^viv on Bifi Retifrm to Drm^ 
iMtte Theatre, December l^th, 1? ^^^yn wikh Nighf he fcrfrrmgi 
Shi/lock in */ The Merchant of Venice.*^ 

From schemtbg, pelting, fi^mine, apd despair. 
Behold to jjrac^ restor'd ap e^iird Pla/r: 
your sanction yet his fortune must compleat, 
And give him privilege to lai^h and eat. 


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Ko revolution plots are ipipQ again; 
You jjce, thank Heaven, the quietest of men. 
I pray that all domestic feuds mi^ht cease; 
And, beggar'd by the war, solicit peace: 
When urg'd by wrongs, and prompted to rebels 
I sought for freedom, and for freedom fipll ; 
What could support me in the sevenfold dame ? 
I was no Shadrockf ^and no angel came. 

Once wam'd, I meddle not with state affairs; 
But play my part, retire, and say my pray*rs. 
Let nobler spirits plan the vast design. 
Our green-room swarms with longer heads ih4n mine« 
1 take no part-^no private jars foment, 
But hasten from disputes I can't prevent ; 
Attack no rival brother's fame, or case; 
And raise no struggle, but who most shall please. 

United in ourselves, by you approv'dy 
lis. ours to make the slightest muse belov'd ; 
So may the stage again its use impart, 
And ripen Virtue, as it warms the heart, • 

May Discord, with her horrid trump, retreat. 
Nor drive the frighted Beamty from her seat ; 
M^y no contending parties strive for sway^. 
But judgment govern^ and the stage obey^ 

Towards the close of the season of 174^-7^ thp 
reputatioB of the Suspicious Hu^band^ that fidmi- 
rable comedy of Dr. Hpadley's, stirred up a num- 
ber of greeu-room wits, &c. who, seeing the dis- 
tance thj^y were thrown at by tlie deserved suc- 
cess of this comedy, had i^o other meaijs of re- 
taliation, than abusiug it. MackHn thought this 

L 4 a good. 

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152 MEMOIRS or 

^ good oppoftunity to enter the list? qs an s^dvo^ 
cate for genuine comedy ; and produced a farce, 
tp wards the close of this season, entitled, ** The 
Suspicious Husband Criticised; or, the Plague qf 
Envy:" but here his intentions appeared more 
laudable than his execution ; fine irony, or deli- 
cate satire, was not his forte. The audience like- 
wise thought so, and it never appeared a $econ(| 

Previously, however, to the bringing out thi^ 
little piece, he had read it in the circle of many 
friends, and particularly at the Grecian Coffee* 
House, which he at that time much attended, 
aftd where, in the circle of young Templars, (most 
of tliena his countrymen,) he often " gave his lit* 
tie Senate laws.*'' From one of these young^.genr 
tlemenhe received an anonymous letter, inclosing 
him a Prologue for bis Farce, in the character of 
JEm?y, which was much spokep of at that time 
for its general satire, as well as neatness of allu- 
sion to several temporary objects. Macklin, for 
many years afterwards, did not know the author, 
till he avowed himself one night over a bottle in 
Dublin; and who turned out to be no less a man 
than the late Right Honourable Hely Hutcheson^ 
Provost of Trinity College, and one of the most 
celebrated orators at the Bar, or in the Irish 
Hbuse of Commons.* We 

.♦ Wheu Mr, Hutcheson wrote this Prologue; he wa^ a Student 
of the Middle Temple. 

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We are now arrived at a period when Macklia 
bad the honour of introducing to the English 
^tage one^of its brightest ornaments, in the per^ 
son of the late Spranger Barry ; but ** as the ani* 
mated graces of the player can live no longer 
than the instant breath and motion that present 
them, or at best can but faintly glimmer through 
the memory, or imperfect attestation of a few 
surviving spectators ;*'* and as those few who re* 
mebfiber this incomparable actor in the meridian 
of his powers, must be hastening to ** that bourne 
from whence neither biographer (or common 
traveller) ever returns;" to give an attestation to 
his merit, is a debt so justly due to genius^ as to 
need no apology for the following sketch of his 

Barry was bom on the 19th of November, 
1719. He was descended from a genteel family, 
who long resided in the vicinity of Dublin; but 
as his parents could not afford to give him an uni- 
versity education, after having gone through the 
grammar-school, and the ordinary course of Eng- 
lish literature, he was bound apprentice to ^ sil- 
ver-smith in Dublin ; and soon after he was out 
of his time, married a lady of decent fortune in 
that capital, and set up on his own account It 
is in vain, however, to circumscribe nature; with 


* Cibbers Apology. 


zed by Google 

154 Mzuoi^i x)W 

, »uch a number of ccmcurriog qualities for the 
stagp as Barry possessed, the dull entertainu^ent 
of a shop, ^vith the still more insipid detail of me- 
chanical profession, (with whatever lucrative 
advantages they were attended,) could not iQUg 
retain him in that situation. A very few yeai^ 
settled the account of profit and loss in the silvejR- 
smith way; and as a new business was to be cho- 
sen, the Stage, which before had engaged a eoa- 
siderablc part of his attention, now engrossed hina 
solely; and in- the winter of 1745 he made his 
debut in the character of Othello, under the m^ 
nagement of the late Mr. Thomas Sheridan. 

- The state of the Irish Stage before Mr. l^er^* 
dan's management had been at a very low ebb. 
Whilst Ash bury and EIrington were Managers, it 
supported a' considerable degree of eredit; bat 
after their death, matters were so ill directed, and 
»0 much under the government of chance, that 
few performers of any eminence were even so 
much as sought after'; and dramatic performances, 
of course, till ab«ut the year 1740, vere sunk in* 
'^ to the lowest contempt. 

Sheridan, who took the management 9 few 
years afterwards, remedied these ^bpses with 
that zeal and ardour which he was weU kw>wn t<i 
possess in all literary and scientific pursuits. 
Born a gentleman, and ?du<pated at Trinity Col* 

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CHARLES MAdiniy. 155 

lege, Dublin, he laboured to render the profession 
he had chosen as respectable- hi the eyes of the 
world as he could. He was countenanced. in thb 
by all the old friends of bis father (Dp. Shferidian) 
and Swift; whilst the members of the College, 
with that e^rit du eorpi for which they^ver dis- 
tinguished themselves^ rallied round him as his 
principal supporters. 

Othello, as we beforg observed, was the cha- 
racter Barry iirst appeared in ; and never did a 
young actor, perhaps, shew such judgment in the 
choice of a part. The harmony of his voice, and 
Hit manly beauty of his person, spoke him alike 
the hero and the lover; and those who before 
doubted of the poet's consistency in forming a mu- 
4:ual passion between such characters as the btack 
Othello, and the /air Desdemona, were now con- 
vraced of his propriety. They saw, from Barry's 
predominant and fascinating mariner, that mere 
colour could not be a barrier to affection; and 
they united in opinion with the heroine of the 
play, " of seeing Othello's vitiage through his 

In short, so much did Barry establish his repu- 
tation as an actor in this and sorfie other subse- 
quent parts, that Garrick, who was then playing 
in Dublin, and at the same Theatre, Mfote over 
^everat letters to his friends in confirmation pf his 
, uncommon 

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uncommon talents; and in one particularly de^ 
scribed him, ^^ as the best lover he had ever seen 
on any stage." Lacy likewise was in Dublin at 
the same time, vpon the recruiting service fop 
Drury Lane, the patent of which he had just ob* 
tained through the favour of the Duke of Graf** 
ton,* and immediately engagefl him at a very 
considerable salary for the nqxt season. 

It must be confessed, that the Irish Stage shone 
with ux\ri vailed lustre at that period; and it brings 
an incontestible proof of the sterling merit of 
Barry, that he could, at once, start into such higb 
reputation amongst such a cluster of celebrated 
performers. Victor, who was present at several 
of those performances, speaks highly of the infi- 
pite pleasure they afforded him ; particularly iu 
the Fair Penitent, where Garrick acted Lothario; 
Sheridan, Horatio; and Barry, Altamont. " To 
see them all now in one play (says he many years 
after this period) would be a pleasure greatly to 
be envied." 

On Barry's arrival in London, he was introdu- 
ced to Macklin, whom Lacy had engaged at the 


- ^ Lacy Is s^id to have attracted the notice of the Duke of 
QraftoD, by attend]^ his hunting parties, riding with uncoiot- 
mon spirit^ ^nd having always^ when opportunity offered, §ome 
elegant and savory refreshment to offer to his Grace. These 
qnalitrei, it is said, prodnced an intimacy, which smoothed hh, 
ivay to the patent. 

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same Theatre, and who^ as we before observed, 
had giren many proafs of his being a good pre- 
ceptor. It is true, Nature had been so lavish to 
Barry in figure, voic^ and manners, that he 
wanted little assistance from art; yet - this assis- 
Unce is necessary to the sublimest genius ; even 
Shakespeare felt its benefit, as we are to ascribe 
some of the most finished of his pieces to that pe- 
riod when he was better acquainted with the prin- 
ciples of his profession. ^Macklin oflfered his ser- 
vices to his young countryman with a zeal well 
known to be congenial to his temper, viz. to 
lo^er his old adversary Garrick, who had just 
listed under Rich at Covent Garden ; and as this 
veteran of the stage not only knew his art scien- 
tifically, but was likewise well acquainted with all 
its finesse and dexterity, there is every presump- 
tion to believe that Barry benefited by his precepts. 

B«tfry's task was critically arduous. With 
veiy little assistance in his line of parts but him- 
^If, he had to contend with an actor who was ge- 
nerally esteemed by far the first of his day, and 
who, beside this, had the warm support of his 
amntrymen, naturally inclined to be partial in ob- 
jects of national competition. With these advan- 
ta^^es against. him, he, however, took the field; 
and thou^ justice obliges us to decide that Gat- 
tick was the best general actor of the two, as well 
as the he$t general, yet in particular characters^ 


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15* JtEMOIBS Of 

ure have no hesitation in pronouncing Barry hi^ 
j&uperior. There are not many now living • \i^hD 
remember both these extraorxlinary actors in the 
meridian of their powers; but to those few we 
SLpp^a]y whether in Othello and Jaffier, Castalio^ 
£8sex, Orestes^ Romeo, &c. Garrick could equal 
brm: in short/ in all the scen^ of love and do- 
jmestic tenderness he stood alone; but in the ' 
blended passages of rtf^e and heartfelt 4^ectwn^ 
^such as in several passages of Othello,) be caB 
only be remember^ with enthusiasm. 

But a competition of a more-particular, nature 
«oon oflfered itself in the rival repre^ntation of 
Umio and Juliet., In ^ infancy of Garr^kVs 
Ria^agement, he revived this fevourite play oi 
Siakespeare'^, which ha9 lain upon the shelf fot 
Hear eighty years, and very properly appropriatied 
the principal parts to Barry, Mrs. Gibber, and 
Woodward; and the revival deservedly i»et with 
ibe greatest applause* But in one of those rjevo- 
Jutions which. tak€ place in theatrical 9&pxm^ 
JBarry, disgusted with being under the controul 
of a riyal, who -certainly had. it in his poorer noft 
to shew him fair play, revolted to fiich^ and 
Jbroug^t w'ith.him Mrs/ Cibber, reinforced by 
Quia, JMrs* Wk)$lf»gton,; apd. otherti. These fofBoj* 
ed a gfund oppoi^itton; and as X\m Tragedy > of 
RoniiEjp.and Juliet had so lately brought ot^iy 
flowing houses to Drury Lane, it was onie of the 


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CUARLXS MACKl^iy* 159 

first plays seized upon for representation at Cp* 
vent Garden, and no doubt a skilful manoeuvre 
in turning the enemy's cannon agains.t themselves." 

Garrick appeared, however, not to' be discom- 
fited. What he wanted of the Han's skin in the 
combat, he endeavoured to lengthen out by the 
/arV tail: he therefore concealed his design of 
(^poshig them play to play> whilst he secretly 
studied the part of Romeo himself, and instru<;ted 
Miss Bellamy, then a rising young actre;^ with 
promising powers, in tKc character of Juliet* 
Sec^ngly secure of no opposition, Rich an^ 
nounced the night of representation; whilst Gar- 
rifcfc, eqikally rd^ady to take the field, suddenly called 
the public to the same entertainment on tlie sam€ 
night it Drury Lane. The matter was now at 
Jssue, and the public were to judge between the 
merits of two of the greatest actors of their day 

TKs tragedy run so many nights at both The- 
atl^ that, although it ^as admirably acted, the 
rep^titibn b6gan to disgust the town, as they 
foutid they were put under the necessity of sacri* 
RoiDg tiieir, aaiusement to the jealousy of rival 
ftctors. ttwjy ^fcpr^ssed tlieir resentment in many 
squibs and paragraphs, which have been long ^ 
since consigned to oblivion, except the fpllowing, 
tfh^th it ir'^ought Garrick wrote himself, in 
.^ " \ * ;i - . . " ^rdef 

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160 *iEMoias ow 

order to get rid of a,contest, in which he Was seiisJ* 
ble he had the worst of, both in fame and profit ; 

•* Well, what's to night ?*' says angry Ned, 

As up from be^ he rouses; 
"Romeo again 1" and shakes his head ; 

** 4^ • P^^ ^^ ^oth your houses !" 

Accident, however, put an end to this contro* 
versy. Aftpr twelve successive nights, Mrs. Gib- 
ber's strength failing her, aflother play was obli- 
ged to bfe given out; which Garrick taking ad* 
vantage of, had the parting blow, which he closed 
with a diverting epilogue, spoken by Mrs; Clive. 

Parties were much divided about which of the 
Romeo's had the superiority; but the critics^eem^ 
ed to be unanimous in favour of Barry. His fine 
person, and silver tones, spoke the very voice of 
love. The laoer was likewise his predominai^ 
character in private life; whilst Garrick wanted 
these requisites, at least in that eminent degree. 
** The Drury Lane hero (said they) is the modern^ 
theCovent Garden hero the^/T^itinai;ooer;"and, 
indeed, those who saw him in the several tender 
interviews with his beloved Juliet, (even many 
years after tliis contest,) mustconftss he \wm% the 
Romeo which Shakespeare drew. ; ^ 

In this dispute the friends of Garrick often 
wanted to compromise it, by; giving Barry the 


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isuperiority in the three first acts, and Garricfc in 
the two last; and some of them supported this 
opinion, by frequently leaving Covent Garden in 
the middle of the play, to see it finished at Drury 
Lane. But \K\sJinwe did not succeed. Romeo's 
meeting with Paris in the tomb scene, and his 
last interview with JuBet, were i% fine specimens 
of Bapy'^ 4iJ^i}iltie8 a^ any in the course of the 
play» But wbat seems to, decide the superi- 
ority now, b^ter than any specukiiotf at that 
ti»e, is this, that JBiurry was a &vourite Romeo 
with the pvblite whikt be had aay remaintng poir- 
ei»of health «od juvenility; whilst Garrick, with 
}hs i$mal prutkmx^ gave it up for life after tliis 

. In King Letfr (which W2^ ]xkevfisc a bone of 
(!Olite»ti<i>n between tlie rival performers} Garrick, 
bdwerer^ h»d the advantage; fitw though Barry 
w» very impresiiive in some passages, Garrick'd 
was a finer study, and a mwe perfect general ex* 
hifeitioa^ The bert judges of that day thought 
so, 2ts appears by the two following epigrams^ 
which ,w*re much talked of at that time- 

On the tjvo Lean* ^ , 

Th© ^wn hft^ found out different wnyt 

To praise the different Lears : 
To Barry they^ give loud huzzas j 

', .^ 7!^ Oar/ick-r-only tijars. . . - I 

'■ '- ^- ■ ' •-' ■^. • ' ' M ' Another. 

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162 utuoiM oi 

' Another • 

Sucfc Barry doth appear : : , \ 

B.ut Garrick*s quite, a difFefent things* . 

* * 'lie s evert/ ifich^King Lear. ' ^ 

i For twelve long yeaps did' Barry nieft his ahta* 
'gonist-inthe tented, field, Hvherein both Generals 

* reaped 'mkny and- d6«ei*ved laurels. G'arrick had 
tu, grfeater variety of part^, both in tragedy^ co^ 
(medy, and farce, ^-hrch undoiibtedly, aa a g^i^ 
-ral actor, gave him th^ pre-eminence: b^tBarry 
ihad ^enough for fame; and in s^6mfe ohiiractci^s, 
jwhich we have already mentioned, he had no 

But neither fame or profit will sometimes com- 
pensate for the love of vanity. Whether Barry en- 
vied :Garrick tlie superiority of *mdg:ea)ie«^, by 
>which;he could always^^ draw out hife talents to 
greater advantage, or whether actuated by sim- 
ple vanity, he . was^ determined to wield A Mana- 
ger's truncheon ; and, under this impul$e of this 
)nad ambitioiiy dpentd a - negociation, -aboui the 
year 1757, with the proprietors of the Music Hall, 
Crow Street, Dublin, for the purpose of erecting 
a new Tlieatre there, in opposition , to Mr. She- 
ridan. : M ' 

It was generally thought, at that time, that 

Macklin (between whoni and Barry there >^as al- 

1 >' ways 

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cwiys fei ^oh^kiit friendship) \ras his principal iad- 
*vis«T. : :Amongst"MackHi)i*8 oddities> heinnas ai- 
:wayi a^ gfeM projector^ ; and, - liicei iriost people who 
take 'Up t!)te charactaer firora a certain restlessness 
of tem^r/ his pt6jeot« ivere -geneially^unsuqcesa- 
£a\ Imth -to '^hlmsl^f: and friends J One should 
inmgivieh\mi C&fnrjian Sense wooid te parry's best 
^OtinseJlbr in ?aa iffeir . of ihisf kind*. Ile^i at 
the pinnacle oif?famq and Salary ia Ibndon,.where 
.4twaS'theinte^st of Managers to find Jiim a suita- 
ble hJercwnc.w'Hd'^ad saved no fortune, to cna* 
4>fe*biih''to.*fial^er experiments; aiad he must have 
known (did he think » proper, ta take it undef his 
tjotjsideiut&^n) * that Dublin, . half a century ago, 
coaWWotp^sibly support two Theatres: HeTiad 
even the offer of his rival (Sheridan) to -engage 
him at the greatest salary ever given to a perfor- 
mer, br to admit him to afeharebf theprofits, and 
afterwards leave the Theatre entirely to his- ma- 
nagement; ; : 

' No! fhe die was cast! he would rise by the 
stiitggksofopp&siitiim. He, Macklitiy and Wood- 
wafd, in tbfe summer of 1758, landed in Dublin; 
and soon after their arrival, the walls of the late 
Music Hall, Crow Street, Dublin, with some ad- 
*jacent buildings, were levelled to the ground, to 
lay the foundation of a new Theatre: '* a founda- 
tion (as. Victor truly observed) of misfortune to 

' ^ ^-^'1-: ^ ' ■■•-M 2- '^ - ' . 'The ' 

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- , The public arc too wtll accjuaiated with tli* 
]bartictilaril o£ this, mild goose choH to ur^ a^ftpo^ 
4ifck)n here. Barry, AvSth the cxpeoce.of boUding 
a new house^ and engaging a 'set of performtrs, 
^rho, for excellence and variety, wcre> perlupa^ 
nsvd equilled. in any other theatite att one tiikne, 
Jiad the poof satisfactioii of ruijiing his rival, 
Jdmiy to be at last devoured himfelf* In shorty 
a£ter combating difficulties upon difficultieSi si'ter 
involving tves^ friend that wa> concerttrd witli. 
4uin in pecuniary embarrassments, he wasobligtrd 
to take a Freiidi leave of bi^ project, and r(tutft 
to London in the ycfir 17@S— *a $ad memei^to to 
aH those men, whb, aceordi^ngto S^KK^ho's pror 
Verb, ** w<)uld have better In'ead thra is n^d^ <?f 
-wheat.'' •":'-./. ■,'■•*. .[; ;: , 

. On Barry's return to Ijondon in 1766, h^ I^ad 
-tto previous engagement )at^ny of tb* Tlwssttes 
here; he trusted entirely to the force of. hip long 
and established merit, and such merit was sorely 
• '/^no bad letter of rfccOmmend^ion/' itie, hbw- 
ever, had been between eigfet Aod nine years -ab- 
,se6f, (an ag€\n !the wortd i^ tau^te «ad Ikshioiv) 
•in which time ne^fr' audiences ht^ started up, p^w 
prejudices and attichitne^tsi ]^d arisei}, i4ilch are 
often fatal to moderate abilities, imd rfiquire ^y^ 
the efforts of^eat jgenins tojeooyov ! 

He arrived here about the beginning of JtU;!^ 
-w!lit;n the two Theatre* \Wre shut, a great part of 


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tbe il^bUity and j>rinclpal gentry Out of toMrn, 
whilst Fol>te, at the little Theatre in* the Haymar-' 
ket, attracted the remaining part of the public^f 
iKrho prefen^d his t&it ahd humour to the routidtf^ 
dfRandagh, and the saunters of Vauxball. Itt 
such a situation, it may Very well be supposed^' 
that Barry had no other alternative than to wait 
for the opening of one of the i^^inter. Theatres^ 
but neither his spirit or purse coUld brook such 
ordinary delays, - He rented the Op^lra Ho\iisc id 
the HaymarRet ft>r^a certain' iHimber iof nights; , 
Atid; with thei assistaiice o*^ Mrs. Dattcerj 'after* 
W4rd* his ^#ife-^late Mrtr Crawford,) the lati 
Mr. Eee, and a few others; life opened that Thca* 
trtwi*hthe^ Tragedy of OthtBo. - > ^ V^ 

This celebrated character had almost lain dor* 
, lirimtJ^A t\it theaffriiar shelf sihce fearty Ipft Co- 
V^t Garden Theati^. Gdrrick was wise eniHigh 
n6t to WsijueTiis reputlitidn on it after one trial; 
and'^6iigh tiow'ind then a few young perfbr*- 
raers rifi^lde the attempt, experience ahewed them 
thei# i^WHty ; so that/like the ahttoM of A^Hfe^ 
It laj^ affected In the abstinde of the mMitrj hth 
tie kn&wn *t) the «tage, or Ae public. Hofyi H 
had'ijbWwy. Bartjfs name was another novelty; 
&nd these co-operating, produced otie of the finest 
houses7*rfii<:h could be ei^peiited al thW tiw« of 
the^taft-' ... 

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tl>is.cha5a§a9rfl;aft«r^i{r Ipipgjajic} «ptsiife1ied!.TPTr 
piitatiqn^ifi it. t^id npf fei?:,i?|lar,.f»9|tipij5| 

«xpcctatifta(;ty|:j|jf|^5;bi8 s^ejegli it^Jtl^^^flnf^e^ 

riumdiJig.1*' figW)^ '•-WilA a!.9ifilp(|ioHSiafl4i5}§Bti}^«ci 

tion of tfee,\di#j)5,lilct»^, ..Tfeft PjJl,Mf(,;?P^«S 
gave;hiinjalj;lh(9 4I»p¥vsf ,<?,^ffO;tli?/g(?Ofi 

(airiatogs* J^^hp»9l. we,pouldf;4isti9giii?h; !th§.>\|oic?}r 
of several of Barry's^(H»»tfj'i|je9) «Jip.u,tffl(J9i|pa^§ 
of triumph. 

-i!>;>Uij:i ;.•..'!.■,!;.'■' ;it')ii!;;!; li .',,<(i'''") '.;..r 

- /HetjiroceeleA regMl^rlyi^gq^iflg qfi .tb«lh*dT 
mJBBtiion tHl he,icajpje;fp,ihe .t^ir4.apti; V^ i?«9 
^ctt^ve^.bim !tji?i<bim. of jealousy. ,^4f¥'^!an4 
<iw)QU^h th6\wbplf EOH5Sg9|'ftlv.s J^c^ Ji?j^ine4 
Wtireuposfltisioa of, |^ir fgeUi^gjs ^^ and tjift g^ojCr 

^1^- fnam itbejri^eftysi}- jWllQ is iiw ^h^miag roan.> 
?yij^O^ co^^J^f:? ;;^G.-&q. .; MmyS^il^^-^fi^k 
tTvde 'nflvpx:sa¥fi hi«i ;l>||firp;. othprs .'|r?jgjHi;hav^ 
jcew.bjdi bpfQr§ tbsir; t*f^e badrbeeij ftfe^^^i'mo, 

vji:^i.}u^^fmi m^^*:M^w.. p^^{'fimy<iM^3 ^ 

else, without the least trace of memory, ,<)f;<>|>s^rr 
.^tion; whilst a comj^igfively smaller number 


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s/iw and felt an actor return to the^ sUigiy who; 
had been long otteof its bdgfatest supjlorts and' 
oroaHi^iits. .1 : » 

We. must; likewise confisss, iarjusiicet to the* 
wlmle of the perfbrmaifqc^ it was very ably sup-J 
ported* ; Mts. . Dancer, : who -playvd . Desdembna, i 
was tha» in the bloom of youth* and / bcoirty ? she > 
h^ been for soite years under thef attrition oft 
Barry,: -ihfl, to a fm&naturai* genius for hetpro-' . 
fesaion^^ ihe acquuied .the Iianiioity of; his tiotties. » 
Desdeniona . too was . a-f)art seeliiibgfy^.congeniall 
to her feelingft; and it mu^t be feirieihbei'ecl,> 
through the whole cmirse of, her stage life, she. 
had no competitor in this character— a character 
whickf iik^. the smplkky lof' jine writimg^ , ^'good 
breedingii induces mfifiy. to attempt, -without thisc 
piepa^tpry knowledg^i t^ .that art is nec^saryi 

to xana^ftl wt," v.; : ,' ,. : ;-i 

: :.. . .^ 'i;-.!.. i\ .; • •- v- ^'' 

Lee'$ I'ago, tpb^' >m^s yeiy respectaUc, . andr 
$hewed/a ^ood jud^ntent, and thorougli represen-t 
tatioa ibf the cbarbctex* . This actor was notv 
without ccin3iderat>W pretensions, Were they not 

. more than allayed by his vanity. He> had a good. 
persQu, a good voice* ♦and a more than ordinary 
knowleilge in hi^ ptoftsaion,. which he sometimes 
shewed without exaggeration ; but be wanted to. 

. be placed Jn the cliair of Garrick, and, in at- 
tempting to reach this, he often deranged liis na^ 
M 4 ^ tural 

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t6^ naMotM ow 

tuiaii ^hiktks. He -was fov ever, as Footr md^ 
*f doiogithc honours of his f^e;" he affected mi^ 
common long pauses, and frequently took such^ 
out-of-the-way pains with emphasis and articula- 
tion^ that the natoral actor seldooi tjpptmed: In 
this carcox?;^ he was supported by Many of hir 
bottk companions^ as well, as those* di^ppointed 
critics who were glad of an enguie igaii^ Gpar« 
rick ; but the consequaice of tdiis temper was, he 
was chmsetd from aluuost every Theatre^ buDtks^ 
of fiuth^i Adhere, between! iebturipg* and attting^i 
he contiHued till he died^^^Aoother sad memento 
of the fiolly of weighing 9 man's irteritt in the ba« 
laiiee of h» own imaginatmi^ 

V Otbdlg was played dereml nigbts to overRow- 
ing audieiioes ; to which succeeded many of hid 
principal ports; sndh as Jaf&er^ OriestKtt^ Essex,. 
Lord Townly, &c. &c. In sh<*t, the seasop was 
so successful to him, both in point of profit and 
feme, tibaC Foote jocularly said^ ** he, bad much 
father give him boa»i and lodging* at hb awn 
house fvrnothing^ than have him so troufclesom^ 
a neighbour. '• The conseqnei^ee was, he etigageit 
Barry and Mrs4 Dancer for the next season at hi« 
Little Theatre in the Haymarket; and, after tfee 
former had gone over to Dublin **to makeup 
his mangled mitters as he could/* he i^etuffled tq 
London as the place of his future pripeipal resi- 
dence* ^ 


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Tl^ir re;^a|)pearaiice . was iaVtbe summed of 
i767 ; and as JPbote had pl^eparrd the town for the 
tecep tKMx of bis celebrate^ ri^iiHors^ be secUced . tq 
himself crowded andienccd^: The insensibleff of 
&shion fallowed him bcciusit it was the rage-^^ 
the crhics hailed him as o&e.of the grdat supper^ 
tei3 of tlieatrieal taste^-r^Ad^ John, Bull simply, 
for the gratification/of his fectings : ^o that all 
eon^iirred so much in their i»diniration of him^ 
^kUv aithoogh the summer was a remarkabty hot 
one, the Honse coastimied to fill, night after nighty 
to the coBcluaion of the ieasotoi i 

. Merit like tisiis c^uld liot kog lemain trusting 
to sisch casualengs^ments^ Garrick cast.hia 
eye ufxm those two per&otihen the suminier ho^ 
fore^ as neee«»aty reisifoircenidiits' to his theatrical 
<WpS| apd ti^is suitinaer hecfteti tirade one of the 
?it inithe Ha3rtnarfcet at some of ^theiar caqyitialre^ 
presentaftions. He l)4d long' before known/ an^ 
justly appreciated, Barry's merits. . Mrs. Danc^c 
was a novelty to the Lpndon boards; but she 
ibade her impcessions so forcibly cin this great 
J4wige of Ins art,! that he candidly confessed, **she 
had capabilities to make a first-rate actress/' Hd 
aa^ordingly engaged them faoth for the nextt sean 
ma pt Drury Lane Theatre^ at the very liberal 
saiary of fifteen. huAdred pounds. . 

ThestateofO[dT>rury had abootthis period beea 
nitber in a decliping condition; principally owing 


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170 * .jo^koirs.of: j 

to t\^t*rmsigmJ^Hina,r>1^ha ultup^ktdy: '^ spoils 
©0Sry. till wg^he ltak€8»:i|y hpiid,?' j * Mis^iCibber bfiM* 
jusfc JGlQSed ^i life>bf i h^ii:: t&eatridli ' repmiatiQn, 
wJhere Jl^r^ttinscdiidetttoine^ vsarietV' 

erf ^arts; iftiti^tr^be fe€4ingly..rehleinb]ditfd byiiall 
those wh^^ha^ the jlteasflore ofisedrig liei. Phwdl^ 
ar rising iyoong^adtoby frem whominmeb was ob- 
tained, i^tkV mme^expeci^dj hadino sooner revolt- 
ed to CoveritGajd^i Theatre, (wbcre hehad:pnr- 
(rhdseAJa^hare in >tbe\pataBtt;) tbanhs^ fell avictipr 
t(x% raging feveir; Mrsj Pritchard was on the eve* 
of retirement; so waa;Mr&*.Clive;. whilst Havard 
felt a decline of powers, (never much above par,) 
irhitely I tendered ;ra©it-jDf bis partsi.very imbedle 
petforaxancas; so tl^tthcrwl^ofe Iweight of :thft 
'FbesBtxmhy between iGsunai^yjik^ aad Mrs.^ 

Yatt&-:TbeIfb*%?ifcimnBt be confessed, f* » bcwtt 
within himselfifft thje^cofadwitb very re$pectablje> 
abiljtifis ; andiiiie iaatiChavingt just reached that, 
JKxint . of cfaih© iwbidhiauked.fher one of the firat 
actresses ofi^er .tiaiic;.. ,\ ' : / - : ii 

■ : ..:•: ^■:,:;^i ,:.,:■ • ,. , ' -.; 

: Garrick, in making this libepal engagement 
with 'Barry, no>longei* considered bim as his rivai 
He had in himself i a satiety of.fkme^ fairly givea 
hitn byapplaudii^. mtions fora xrourse of near 
tTiicty years, and which »he. knew hJow to maintain! 
with unimpaired fcriUiancy. /He:^raa likeM'ise ar?^. 
rived at that period of life, when other passions 
btejid themselves with the love' of fame, viz* the 

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CHAtIi£d:K>lCKtIN. 171 

U^epfa^fi^tJkuhdonj ati^ who so lUkely to add ta 
tbe.xQp.uHnoft.<rfhis4tog^ and ttie profits of his 
inar^fig^^fltt-ft^ twoyiwdi ^^erformeri? Beside 
tlus^^iGai;fiftl|^n)«^ted r^n ro<:te#>na^ writ of ease 
for hinf^lffc'J^n^ "^^ fcnA* Bairy, from^lrisMKi'* 
velty and merit, would draw audiences,. .he. en*^ 
deavoured to render his situation as agreeable to 
Miofk ^ he-coftl^} hy^ giving ^ijn w^^wncoiitwBifed 
^Jioiw .of parfe ,and consiiltiog \m eajse aad con-^ 
vei^ieuce as ii^^f elf as^ tloe Uwmess of th^ Theatre 
youjd a4iiwf.r .:; ;; . ; , c . : .. 

; Tl^U $,fra!^gcffl>ent an^wi^red every fwiPpoie.of 
the xjortte^^g parties* Bari^y : and his &ir: he-j 
toine carHe4»ftU before them :/ sjle was the .Desd6-t 
»M>fl* tf^ibi^ Pthello— the BLutland to his Essexr^ 
tbe.jM^wm4 to his. Cwtftlio, 3rc. &c4-^whilst 
Mj^. Yis^tes^ in -the . lofticn tread of Imperial Tra-r 
gi^^yi .g*v(^ Vjery consid^i-^ble-ftssigtiqjice. ; Jn thia 
group, ;^Q0, must be bu:mli>^fed the late Mi^s^Pope^ 
(tbep. Mi$&;:Y^vnge:) ^he-tv'^s at that perk)sd just 
making her 4^but on tlte^Stftge; but ev^ j« this 
early trial, she exhibited such strong marks of 
theatricjal. g^i?i,us^ as -eFi4«nt^y pri^clainjed srhe 
woul4; not jlopg be coi^tent with ^ second place. 
Time justiffi^; her pretensions, as she was for ma- 
}\y y^ars as great an ornament to lier profession 
as shp Tjifas.r<?spectab{e in tlie duties of private life. 

^ ' ' •: 7 i^r.y ,. . -';. ' " ^. ' i ■ ■. 

In, the <JOipic. line, Mrs. Abington (who had 

JBSt returned from Ireland, crowned with theatric 


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172 MElilOiRS *#/ H » 

lanida) rto6d alone. ^ She was> fey turnip ftie *«>» 
pnesdntatire : of Mrs. PnWhjifd litid Mrt. iClit«/ 
occa«biially fiHing die parts of th^se^distingulsh* 
cd actretees witk the hi^ieat rq^JUtatltftij as her 
EstifaniOy Portia,^ Mi%. Oakly\ 'S^Ci^^. fully 
evinced..' ' ;-, j'. \ - : ■ - 

Having aoMr »o actress in the same liftii cyf pre^ 
emineace to contend with, (which iri others titlght 
tehAtt the ardour of profession j) she called out the 
full force of her abilities. Nothingitt the rang* 
of comedy escaped her, from the pert chamber- 
inaid to die acccmiplished wommiof fishloftj'ind 
in all she Was excellent. Who that ren^embers he^ 
MissPrue^ iu'^' Love for Love/* wit\^ het gk*li9h 
tmeSi B,nd hoklemng airs, drawing almost thi Whttlrt 
attraction of this delightful comedy to herself^ 
could suppose it was the same acttes% who, per* 
haps, the next night, performed the part of Vtha 
high-bred, accomplish«l Milltmant? Yet it irad 
difficult to say in which she cxcefled— JV^#f/r* 

and aft were so much at h0r devotion,^ 

' - ' ' ' 

It must gyc great pleasure to every amateur of 
the drama to be informed, that, although this ac-* 
complished actress has retired from the .Stage, she^ 
still enjoys the jotium cum dignilate in good health 
and spirits,, and in the bosoiti of many of tJtOse 
ladies of rank and respectability, who patronized 
her for so many years in her public profession. 


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Aim Pope played a good back liaad to Mrs. 
Abiiigton, and an many of Mrs. CliveV charao^ 
ter$, and others of a similar cast^ gave great sup^ 
port to £hjs Theatre; which idle still supports with 
hrfmrfamej and seemingly unduninishedabilities^ 

From this period (1768) to 1774*, Drury Lane 
revived to its higliest point of attraction. Tlie fri- 
voiity of modem tim^ l;^d not tb^n reached either 
Green JRoom— ^« Managers were content prin- 
cifally tp sqtfsi^ on the good old stock ^Trage- 
dies and CouvBdie$ left them by Shakespeare, Jon- ' 
son, Otway, Rowe, Gibber, ^Steele, Addison, 
Cofrijgycv^ &f . &c, now and then rdnforced by 
mure i^odern pr^uction^, Avhose anthors ' were 
^ppo^d to hav^ sf>m€ capacity for writing, as well 
as fpme Utile acquaintance with the rules of their 
art Actors, likewise, constantly studied in the 
Uogoage of such Avriters, became prograisively 
\^rsed in the elements of their profession; and 
tlHi$ the Theatre exhibited a school of improv;&» 
meat, a3 well as entertainment— Tragedy, by it^ 
Javfui. energies, terro^^ and covipassion, purifying 
the heart; whilst Comedy shewed the world in 
all its great variety of real characters* 

Frionj^ Barry's age he might have calculated up^ 
m.^ j|\Mch longer ri|n of theatiicalpowecs; but 
aa^rly^goat, ipore hereditary than hrought about 
b^ ^{^ iaitemperance, ooc^ionally much afflicted 
ti»?;j jsometimes by confining him to his room, 

3 and 

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174 ; . iMBMaiBS (XF...^ 

.and gr^dtiaHy 3iEdafceiring!;hisrgrfn?i^l Jjawiits of 

-exertion. He ofteh complained :of : thie^ ila; his ' 

friends, ami paiticularly . to • Mn Murphjr^ . (tbfe 

.weli-knowp dramatist,) reqaesting himi ttt^tliB 

jsame time, to turn, his thoughts to same tiageily 

where a proper niche might be found for him un- 

d^F the then imhecility of his poiv^ei's. Mr. Mur- 

"•ph^f felt the force of this request; and, with that 

urbanity, and disposition to oblige, which has 

cvM marked hiis character, took the -subjectiiiid^r 

his imiSediate consideration, and in the eti^tiin^ 

•%?iilte^ (1772) produced his GreewrwD^^e/^Aiferi 

/ Of this Tragedy, Hhose who cari'femembfer Baf- 
ty Jn Evander, and Mrs. Dancei" (noW Mfe. Bar- 
ry) in Euphrasia, must hkewise remember with 
what exquisite sensibility they were entertained. 
Nothing could be more luckily hit off by the au- 
thor thail the story, as by it the principal cha- 
racter became peculiarly adapted to th^ imbecifi- 
'ty of the actor's frame; whilst the music, and en- 
chanting breaks of his voice, gave a pathos to 
the performance which was excellence itself. • Eu- 
pli^rasia* was likewise sustained thrdugliout with 
great ability; all that firmness and corisfamcy- in 
"^ the hour of danger — all that sweet solicitude for 
her felher's safety land existence, were pbufrtrajred 
^vith such a true and feminine expression, as all 
acktiowtedged, ^nd all repatid with theft tciar». 
AVfe-h^ve often seeh this character/performed by 
. - - . ^ V ;. others, 

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others^ , and^by some with mach applause*} but ih 
^ur (Opinion,. the naturai'Euphrasld is nownomore. 

A situatkm so desirabk as Drory Lane Theatre, 
with siich a salary, and all the indulgences pa-id 
by Garrick td Barry's infirmities, 'coold not give 
coiistahcy^tb this actor's 'mind. Sohiepfete^iided 
disgust, or^. what 1 is most pit^lmble, the prospect 
of gaining^ income, induced- him to 
listen to iproppsals\ fromi th^sPatentees 'of Cavent 
Garden;* ^henv ufter a few meetiogs for this pur- 
pose, thi terni3 of «gneemeiit' were closed ^ him 
and bis wift, in 1774, at the extraordinary sdlary 
of seventcieii hundred pojflhdsw . . . , 

, Some' exertiiotns were now necessary to <rompen* 
' sate fok* this generous engagement; and it is but 
justice to both performers to say, they called out 
the full , force of their abilities in most of their 
^^rincipal partis. . . But illness, hke anger, " hai its 
privileges:'^: Barry's infiniiiities rapidly increasing 
ok him after the firat season, he perforftied but 
-seldoni^ zxiA then gerieralUy in«och characters as 
were beatrsiiited to.his inibecilitics ; and yet now 
and ihbn Jthft genuis: of the player b»oke put in.Sts 
original isplwidor, \ We maw him the If st' time he 
iappem-e^dmhiaLfavouiriteidiiracter o£»Ag$Eer^- ari<^ 
S4X ihfirht idid be af^Fear; before/ the jcnntainjdrei^ 
|ip^ <^hat it was-the-gcarctalopinionihijOHiMln^ 
goithjrough Jthe.part; but no sooiierlw^s he.wtftti- 
ed in the interest of the scene, tio-^BOQuerdid he 


Digitized by 


J7(5 MBMojts <n 

feci the glow- of lore aaad tenderness, than Jic 
c^mmviiiicated his feelings tx> all aroimd : bp went 
through the play with the same animation, but 
retiirned to the Grees Room almost in a state of 

Powers so much debilitated could not last loi^ : 
one half of ht5 tinue confined to a bed of sickness^ 
the duties of ins profession became painful ta 
bim. Nature too forcibly told him, he could no 
longer phty the Awer, or the Aero; and a« be' was 
never much indebted to ari^ she could less assist 
him under «uoh trying circnmstances. He stnig^ 
gled in this .manner till the close of lie season of 
1776, when he. was obliged to take eirtifdy to hrs 
bed, where he lay under the excruciating pains of 
gout and rheuihatism, till the lOtK of January, 
J 777, and then was released from aUbis labours; 

He died at his house itt Cecil afreet, Strand; 
and after a itw day^ was interred m a priratp 
manner, attended by a few friends in tWo coaches^ 
in the cloisters of Westminster Abbi^. His okl 
friend and preceptor Macklin Tvab 611& of those 
who appeared muchaflfected. . While tiiq?t were 
fifling up the grave, be exclaimed several times^ 
'' Alas! poor Sprangcr!" And whpn.jraie of 
fche company pulled Wmhy the deeiirei ito tcB 
him the coach was wairiagv hi tuonedtiaboirt: 
with a aettled-meiMjMrholy in his fa«/ aiid i^|>li*fl^ 
^' Pray, Sir, don't disturb ine^oonsi&rl lam noi^^ 

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Such was the cod of Spranger Barry^ aii actor 
as little known in the present day (aWpwing. for 
hii» extraordinary abilities) as; any, perhaps, in the 
annals of the Stage. There are two caose^tassign-^ 
able for this: the firit, bis long, absence from iLon** 
don^ wherethe quick succession of novefty scarce- 
ly leaves any thing long reme!nbei;ed ; and 
the second, still more prevalent, his extreme care- 
lessness of temper, arising almost to a total neg- 
lect of keeping up his fame with the public. He 
was so fnsensibte to this last particular, that even 
in the meridiaii of his reputation, courted By the 
great^ arid followed by the crowd, there did not 
appear, nor does appear to this day, in any of the 
print shops, a tolerable hkeness of'hhh, nor 
scarcely any recorded eulogium to be found, but 
in the voluntary effusions of the journalists of 
tliose times, or in a ftw clumsy periodical publi- 
cations.. This is certainly one of the^ strong 
marks of original genius, but fatal to the lasting 
reputation of an actor, who can unhappily leave 
no memorial of his art behind -him, save what, at 
best, can be but faintly described by the poets ot 
historians 6f his own times. 

To rescue a character of this eminence from 
such obhvion, shall be our attempt in the foHowilig 
sketch, which we do as much from a general 
principle of justice, as some little remuneration 
for the nxany exquisite hours of delight vhich his 
iine exhibitions afforded iis*-^nods that are still 

N • turned 

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it9 iiE.uoiu8 ot\ , 

turned i)4ck foas one df :t^ie plea^ag resbuit:^ 
of literary reflectioii;^ and still remind us^ that, 
hotveror. the- Stage may fee under a temporary de- 
presskm^ fjrom the predominancy of afalse taste^ 
k$ character, when?; supported with sufficient abi- 
fities, will always render it a public school €>f 
irvaan;ers^ and morsil improvemeiit. 

Barry was inhis^ person above five feet elevc;» 
inches high, finely formed, and possessing » eoun'- 
tena^vce in which manliness and sweetness of fea^ 
til re we;re so . happily Wended, as formted one 
Qt^. tli^ best imitations^ pf the Apollo B^lvi^tre.^ 
Witl| this fine commanding figure, he was so 
much in the free and easy management of his 
tjmbs, as wver to look eDPCuihbered, or present au 
ungraceful attitude, in all his^ various moivements 
on the Stage, Even his ^xiU and his tntranQc^\^ 
peculiar graces, from their characteristkr ease and 
simplicity.* In shp^t, M'hen he appeared in the 
scene, grouped with Qth^,r agtors of ordinary si2e, 
he appeared asniivi<^]^ aboverthemin nis various qua- 
il ficj^tionjs, as iq the pyp'i>4,^ttp® fixity Qf his figure^ 

** So vrlien a weH-grap:*^ i9f ^r k^yes Ike st^e^ \ 
" AH eyes are idly bent on kim wko folloAvs nexl.*^ 

.- ■ . ,, . ....■■ . ..■ V-:. ..';'' 

/ , f VCM^^jinust; l^vp gt^at^y ts&i^tfed Barry m tbe^rsP*. «^♦- 
ease of jtreajlingthe SfagCj was^bis^^k^ll iq^da.qcin| and ftx^S^^y 
the.first of which he was early in life very fond. of; and on hi»- 
cpmiffg to Ehglandj^ again instructed i^, under Ae care of the ce* 
rJblatVd Denoyer, 'DanChigrMastfer Vo Frei^^ritk ^fhde of Waies^ 
farftii}*, Tbi* was done £jt the 'Prtn^'s request', fefte»* b4 4»ad m^^ 
N^ IvBiiplnjr Lord Townly in the Jrovokcd Husband* 

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To this figure be added a roice so peculiarly ntu* 
Steal; as, very ^arly ih life, ofetaii^d him the eha^* 
racter of-"TheSilver*ft(m€d Barry;" which, in all 
his low Scenes^ (lifted up by the smiles of such 
w couBteiianoe,'') was persiKisidn itsdf. Indeed^ 
so strongly did he communicate his feefKngs on 
tiiiKK? occasions, that, whoever observed the ex- 
pressive couiitenances of most of die female parts 
of hh audience, each seemed' to say, in the Islw^ 
guage of Desdembna; "Would that Heaven had 
made me such a man /'* Yet, with all this softness, 
it ims -dqmble of the fullest e!xtent of rage, which 
be o^asw most po wer^sUy exemplified,^ in several 
pa«i^^? of AEesatider, Orestes^ Otlieib, &c. &c* 

We arrc! aware of ChurchiU's oriticism in. the 
Boiciad standiiig against us, where he $3}'$, "his 
vmEtt comes forth Uke Echo from her ^eH/' JBut 
howiever.pffr/y' might have criedi up this writer as 
a Poet and a Satirist of the first order, Goldsraidi 
hail the sense and msniisiess to tell them, " what 
tbey> called satires were but taAvndry lampoons^ 
whdase.tufbulence aped the quality offeree, whose 
phrcMy that of fire.**' Beside, Churchill had a 
stronger motive than prejudice or whim: the great 
heio of his poem was^ Garrick; and a^ Barry was 
his most formidable rival, he. had little scruple to 
sacrifice him on this occasiori.^ 

N 2 Butj 

) • See Goldsmith's Dedicatiofif to the Trateller. 

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But, to leave the on tidimia of this literary Draw- 
cansir jto tliat oblivion to which they seem to be 
rapidly hastening, let us examine the merits of 
Barry in some of diosie characters in which he was 
universally allowed to excel; and on this scale 
we inust give the preference to Oikclk. This 
was the first character he ever , apf^ared in— ^the 
first his inclinations prompted him to attempt— 
and the first, without question, that exhibited his 
genius in the full force £ind variety of its powers. 

In the outset of Othello, when he s^ieaksbut a 
few short sentences, there appears a calmness and 
dignity in his nature, as evidently shew *^ the no- 
ble qualities of the Moor." These sentences we 
have often heard spoken (and by actors too who 
have had considerable reputation) as if they had 
been almost totally overlooked ; reserving them- 
selves for the more shining passages, with which 
this tragedy so much abounds : but Barry knew 
the value of these introductory traits of chariacter, 
and in his very firet speech, *^ Its better us it is,'' 
bespoke such a pie-eminence of judgment, such 
a dignified and manly forbearance of temper, as 
Toused the attention of his audience, and led them 
to expect the fullest gratification of their wishes. 

His speech to the Senate was a piece of oratory 

worthy the attention of the critic and the senator. 

lu the recital of his ^' feats of broils and battles," 

1 / the 

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the cours^ of the soWier was seen in all the 
chamis of gallantry and heroisift; but when he 
came to those tender ejaculations of Desdemona^ 

" In faith 'twas strange — 'twas passing strange ! 
Twas pitiful> 'twas wond'rDUs pijtifiil !' * 

his voice was so melodiously harmonized to the 
expression, that' the sig^h of pity comnjunicated 
itself to the whole house^ and all were advocates 
forthesufferingsof the fair heroine. - 

In the second act, when he nieets Desdemona 
at Cyprus, after being separated in a storm, his 
rusliing into hjer arms, and repeating that fine 

rf' a!mysotil*8J<qr! 

IfUfter eyerj tempest c<>me such ca1ms/^ &c. 

was. tl^i^ voice of love.'itself; describiiag tjia^ pj^s** 
sipn iuj^o extatic a manner, as i?eemii^ly justi*- 
ficd his fears, ;. , 

" Th^t not another fomfurt likie to this 
, Succeeds in unknown fate," 

Through the whole of the third act, wliere 

lago is working him up to jealousy, his breaks of 

l(we and rage were master-pieces of Nature, and 

communicated its first sympathies; but in }iis 

N 3 conference 

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copfereneer'w^th Des^BEK^aa,; in the .ftmiAlD act; 
jrfi^r^ het.descrites the agoniating state <^ of hi» 
}mnd^^md{'then Jookteg tenideply ^i^ialrlier^ e»^ 
plaims, , ^ 

^* But there, where I hedgafrtere4 wp rayldftrt^' 
Where pitfaer I must live, or bear no life/* 

ihc extreTWs of love arid ml^jy wiere riso power- 
fully paintjEid in his face, and. sp impressively 
given in his tones, that the wdience seemed to 
lose the e;?erg-ic^ of their hands^ and could oply 

' - \ J - • ^,'."- • '" • ■ 
r W^. have .to lanpcnt, that in tnany of the i^st acts 
of some of our best dramatic writers, therplfwasts 
that degree of finish and grouping equal to the 
rest. Shakespeare s6i»etiiricd has- this want iu 
commcm with others; blit in thi^ p^ay hi? has lost 
none of his force and propriety of character—^ 
ilere aU'coSatinue to speak 'the feiigua'ge^ dl^- their 
lebtiforii^tibh, and lose none of tHdr originaMm- 
portance. Barry was an actOr that, in thts'pkyti- 
ciilar, kept pace with the great poet he represent 
ed — he supported Othello throughout with unar 
bating splendor- — his ravings over the dead body 
of his f;2woce|z/Desdemona, his reconciliation with 
Cassio, and his dying soliloquy, were'all in the 
fuli'play of varied excellence, and forced from the 
severest critic the most unqualified applause. 
' ' Tha^ 

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*rhat this our oj>mioti b not *5taggertited,' w^ 
teferto thatijf Colley CiblMsr, suai uiiqcbestionabte 
good judge of his art, and who, wkh afi bis p^t* 
tialities to Betterton, yet gave Barry the prefe- 
rence in Othetkx In §}ioit, it was from first to 
last a gem of the noblest kind, Mvhkit tan be n^ 
otherwise defined, Tjli^n leavkig' 6^^oa6 at li- 
berty to attach as mtich fe^^eMenee to it Whe can 
coiiceive, and then suppose have reafched 
that point of |)erfection, ^ - • v- ■ ' **i 

His otW fkvotirite ehawic«e#s wefc, JtiB^, 
Orestes, Castallio,' Pboeias, VaitmMk, Eise:tf, 
Alexdniler, RonMo, kc.^^c^^ In^sXl^hdniUtm^ 
this staMp, wheiie tb« k>v«r iir K^^'^ttm M^btMcf^ 
hibited; Ba^riy ^^as uin^; iAs6ti[\mK tikc^yl^titk 
Mrs. Cibber, whose reputation for love ^InSd ^1^1^^^ 
tive tenderness was well known, played with Gar- 
Hok, sihe gener^dly tepreseniml bis ^^mightiid or 
^wfcTU^xvith Barry Ihe was always Im mUresi^ 

He likffwt^e eKeeHed" in miny patts ef genteel 
coi«fedy ; such as Lord Townly, Yoarig BevUte, 
kc. &c. The Bastard hi King John was ditother 
fine charactei* of |ii«f,' which Gaitick atcemptjed in 
vain— -having neither sufficiency of figure, or he* 
roic jopiifatity. To that may be added Sir, Gal- 
laghan 0*Brallaghan, in Macklm's farce of JLove- 
frb-Mode; a part in which he gave such specie 

N 4 n)en8 

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iMnsiiOf-tihegall^tainapHcity and ktegftty.ofi^^ 
IVMhJ3i^!^»(in^ ;as w^ereisuffipient: toestebHsh an 

iQst ,b3& 5jkjco^ifiparis<?4.Ajfc^itl>jGftirrieJ4 : here. the. latter 
QheMj^tl^ misHf^ mjm uitGQWna©i»[4egre;^S ^ be 
did in aH / the quicfe; [ ^wiH(aibP.d f>$rt|i ^f jiyagt^dy. 
Jn the sprightly light kind of gentleman, -Garrifik 
bad likewise the advantage; and in the whole 
jiafige'pf ' Jqw camedy, rbe bfcnded suifea toow- 
kdgtf of ;hWFftrt. Vith ^he simplicity of .hatju^,. ^ej^ 
walk: all, . the llmiititige of libe pictDj-e-^pmpleite. 
^ilftlhfts Jiiiel Jk:uggw; >fa# ^s .perftctrW design 
#i«i'Qi)l0prjrtg^.ffta-tJ^ej» ap4 dis<;ress€s of 

.u la telfci% of these . ^or/s, 7 Ife is impojaibte for 
iik^xiimtmrs of tbfe. stage 1^% to r^gr^t their loss 
with some degree of sensibility — not only as men 
iwhocorilafibuted taibf f^itfef tjaijunent apdfrefine- 
Irtfent^f titeir; yotithj /bufeiiiiose d^^s- 6cei» to 
. threaten a d^ciy .of ithje i profe*^9li ifisplf. . , There 
Jtre :peri(3Nds. when tli/s aft^.v audi Sjcien^p , s^^na to 
mouwi/in stillen silence ..die departiyce, of those 
original gediusesj who,j fof ypars, imp^yed, exr 
^Ited, and i:efined them ; andjlike widoiws^ whose 
iiearts^ sinq^erely pledged, tp. their first lords, 
will not sacrifice on the.aHar of affection to secon-^ 



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dary-jM>er$' Paintiog and statuary surfed suck 
a.loss in t)ie dfaths of Tifmn, Raphael^ and Michael 
Angth^ .that .mose. tban two centuries have not 
been aWe. 10 s^upply it; aad hovr long the pres^ 
Stag€ m^y want the aid of such powerful suppor(> 
jers as Oarrick and Bartj^ the experience pf n^ar 
thirty ys^aw holds out but very little liopes of 
encouragementr : 

• < ' ' ■ * . r 

Mrs. Barry (the wife of Spranger Bai^-y) sui^ 
vived him.fuU tw^ty-fiye. years afterwards; fpid 
a6^heiWas:90c€niinent i^ her profession, as well as 
so intimattl^iOQiiiiected with him in her public 
and ptixate duties^ • we thiqk her too corresponding 
epor^mtto be omitted here; more partiqularly, 
h&th^ ichanges df fartum which she experienced 
towards the ckN^ of her life, inculcate the most 
useful purposes of biography— that of philosophy 
teaching by example. 

This. Iiadyj was born at Bath about the year 
1734, and wiw die daughter of a very respectable 
apotl) city^ whose income enabled 
• hhn to Jive gent^ly, and to give his* daughter all 
the accomplishments necessary for a woman of 
fashion. She had a mind capable of such im- 
provements, which, added to a figure pleasingly 
feminipje, (rendered her, as she grew up, an object 
rf general ^rttachm^ut. 


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oTlWk* father's hott^; U^l^tt l*^^^««4^atmot»l5fta 
Tiilffself as her ioV^i^;- a«il a^'hfe W^i' two^^dod a 
hiafth to ble refu6ed'by the fttnily, ail*>hHd wad* 
his impressions on the lady, therd seemed t^ be 
no impediment to their happiness. 

'But' whilst things weri? in. this' tmiti, an unex^ 
pctttd UtttT arrived, advfeirig the loV^r of bis be^ 
ing feft heir to an^uticle of his nviw h$d juM 6ied 
in Loiidort. This caused ii ietPi^tatfii\mncei 
but under a solemn aVoW df ^ ifpeedy retorfei) and 
ii conjiigkl cdnsummatidn. But hcw fleeting ara 
lovefs promises ! Thealrof I-otido|i, the accei»i6it 
af fbrtnriij. together with abteh^e^ €?ot)qi dipsipated 
his vows; whilst the amiable o"bje{!*idfth«ttva*te^ 
waiting two months in daily expectation of hear- 
ing fr6m- hiin, had the iiiortili)cati«n one liiomibg, 
6f rec¥i*tn§ the fatal netrs,'thatiierteviriira^j46t 
marn>d to inothe^ Iftdy, Whom he ted premAuiy 
paid his iddresses^ to> &hd t^'h^lx,' frWltt' w ftcddewi 
al meeting, recalled him to his drrt, vOWi^ »fl4l 

rivetted 'him^ in her chains for evef» ^ 

• . - - • -♦ 

Tlie ckagPin she. was .thrown into on dwi . 
account, visibly impaired httr health Aind\sfto 
appeared to be hastening Ao a consumption; 


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till a ^fmenily phj^inan^ f au aequawitance '61 her 
fitberX preioribed thtftnioAt tfiScaciotis rettiedy 
fof loMT •SpiritsH-ra coMMmi lucteision of company^ 
m^ the iiath ^^f publk mhusements. Of %b^ 
fetter kkid, our heroine had 40 early prefi^rence 
for the Tb^tm; and as there was a iolcrabl* 
company at^ Batii stt that timCj she frequented 
it alntost' evety nigtit, and soon found in this 
favorite resource, ^ fall re<:oVery of her fornaei: 
health and i^rits. . 

Disappointed love sometimes leaves the heart 
more Uable to other attachments : this appeared 
to be our heroine*8 fate. Amongst the performers 
there wa3 a person of the name of Dancer, whon^ 
«he Rrsttho^ght fevourably <yf as mcfCtor, and, 
from some opportunities of seeing him in private 
^bciety, stitl tkdught more ftvourably of as a man. 
He sooti discovered her partiality for him; and as 
the lady was suppo^d to have a good fortune, and 
at her own '^iisposal, he k)st no opportunity of 
urging his suit, till he prevailed upon her to 
marry him. This being soon mad^ public, Bath 
could no longer be the scene of their residence, 
(as all her relations set their faces against her for 
what they called rf?>^raciw^- her family,) and the 
young couple immediately set off to enjoy the 
^oney*mQpfi at Plymouth, 


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188 ^J&WQI^S lOF ^ 

, It w^s in*^lm town that. Mf«., Dander anade her 
first appearance upQAan^^iStage, in. the, character 
of Moniviia^ in the <?ri?Aw, wberey-frOmher youtlj, 
b^^uty^ ^ifi>dencei an4 embarrassments^ more t|iaii 
from: her jreal talwt$> ih§ M^as favourably fenougb 
received, iSo as, to be .entered upon tlie list of that 
company at a resp^ctfkble salary, i But the /aite 
pride, (ii h^r relations ^ould npt su£6sr them to ea- 
joy this situation by their infhience, they first 
prevailed in dislodging them itom Plymouth, 
when, after trying York, and other country 
towns, they at'last settled in Crow^Stpeet Theatre, 
Dublin^ jwst thentopened upder the management 
of Messrs. Barry and Woodward* , ' 
- .:/ '■-.^V • -.... ;.'.'. ; , 

/ It is rather extr^p^rdiilary that When : Mrs. Dan- 
cer made her firfit a|>pearance upon the York 
Theatre, very little j^v^. expected frcto her abtlir 
ties. Her person and voice (though the latter was 
rather feminine than^harlnaonious) seemed the only 
requisites in her favour^ Maqklin saw her, during 
l^r first season, and said, in his. ogn^atacal way, 
•* That she would UjCver do." But we must do 
justice to thii veteran's judgment afterwards, that 
be pronounced her, in. some particular, parts, to 
bp one of the first actresses he ever saw. 

Strange as this may appear, Cibber gives us a 
more extraordinary account of the celebrated Mrs. 
Oldfield, who had been some years on the stage 



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before slie began to be noticed; At that'tiaie he 
says, ** he ran over the scenes with her inadver- 
tently, concluding any assistance he could give 
herVouldbe to very little ^purpose.?' Prtbhc appro- 
bation, however^ is tl^e^sunsWde of genius, which 
will soon bring it forward to Avhatever perfection 
nature originally designed it. The Dublin au- 
dience, perceiving Mrs. Dancer possessed of in- 
ternal powers, called tiiem out by every little ii^- 
dulgehce, which^ in ttie cbyr^ of the season, had 
such an effect, as to give Ker a vei^y considerable 
estimation: as . an actress; j : Barry now uiidertook 
her tuition, aaid, f with the* advantages of such a 
preceptor; shdsoon became one of the principal 
supports of Crow*Street Theatre. 

But whilst she was rising m reputation as an 
actress, she felt nneasiness as a wife. Her hus- 
band's temper was not very well calculated for 
domestic happiness : he felt a disappointment in 
her want of fortune, andwas^ beside, meanienough 
to be jealous of , her superior abilities. This pro-, 
duced a numiber of altereatrons* in one of which 
she left him,' and took a jaunt a few miles out 4)f 
town with a female friend of hers, where having 
been joined by a celebrated male dancer belong- 
ing to the same Theatre, it gave rise to a niimber of 
little scandalous anecdotes^ epigrams, &c. , ' 

- • The 

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t90 ifx]«o*R5i ar • 

The husliatid, hbwever^ soon saw his error hi 
aiding tliese reported and was reconciled to his 
Vife, to whom he afterwards behaved with more 
kindness: but that kindness was not to continue 
long, as he died about two years afterwards^ and 
left, his bloomiiig widow in possession of every/ 
thing bnt fortune. . She had youth, beauty, wit, 
and rising theatrical znent : nor were the gallant 
world insensible of these attractionsi baring ma/*. 
liy offers of oonsicksaid^ consequence, ;Md po^i 
in particular, frama Nobk Eari nQw4iviiig, who,- 
though he proffered her h» heart, and a x^hm^fi 
hlandUy both were rejcactcd with contempt* Barry 
had already secured her heart; and though, from 
reasons of an insuperable nature, be could not 
then accept her hand, time clearing away that 
icnpedimeht, he mairried her about the year 1769 : 
and at this period she had g^ned the first rank in 
her profession 

We have already; detailed, in the life of hcf 
husband^ their rectf>taoin and progress on the En|^ 
lish Stage, from l^eir arrival hereto the period 
of hi^death in 1777. She was theh iw the for ty-s^ 
eond year of herag;e, strllretainiog waoy of the 
chartos of her youtlr,. and in thefluHposseadisM 
of her abilities. Garrick wrote aiMoirody on her 
husband's death, which she jwrt only ddivered 
upon the first night of. her appearance on the 
Stage after that event, but for several nights af- 

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tefwardsL The lines themselves \i'Cfe of the me*- 
£ocrc kiuA; hnt the pr^mste^cumcss of tJiC repeii* 
tiiM waa. aA acting ^opgxUf Y€i|y.iU advised iaher 
ciccuinstaiicea. ^ a : ': ? f, / - , . 

Had Mi^^if^UTy 'QOflBtiimeflt on the! Stage « &ir 
years longer^, and remained a^iv^idojr^ she mightv 
perhaf|9|: hav^ been noiv: enjoying tlieo^m cum 
£gmtal£; but in about a year oVtwaafterBMiy'a 
deaths' &he M^as ii;idufied Ito. marry a yoim^ Irish 
barrister of the name of. Crlwlbrd) AVithoutieitlier 
fortune, assidu^ty^ or. prudeiiee; and; tho«f h ht 
made great professions of love and attachment 
before marriage, sooru denmged both hei^ fortune 
and theatrical pursuits. He attemptetl the Stage 
himself, and she was partial enough to think him 
qualified for that profession; but the public thought 
decidedly otnerwise: she then purchased for him 
one hundred pounds per yearto make him inde* 
pendent. But neither love or gratitude could 
bind a nian of his erratic disposition: they at last 
parted; and his excesses soon after brought him 
to an untimely grave. 

She was now once more her own mistress^ living 
tpbh the scanty remains of her fortune, but with a 
pmdenfce which always ^as far as respected her 
own economy) wa^ very becoming, when liberal 
offers were made herj' about four years before her 
death, by the M apager of Covent Garden, to re- 
3 turn 

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192 . MEMOIRS OF • 

turn to the Stage once more. She was tlielflrst to 
feel her oavh inabiUties ^ibr such an attempt : her 
friends, hoMrever, persuaded her, and st^ accepted 
the offer. — ^But what a falling off was^tliefe ! Her 
looks, it is true, recognized her person a little, 
and uoMrand then the ^lea»» of former iiEcellence 
ap^red; but^ alas! they were momentary, ^ and 
produced nothing bjuta melancholy comparison 
betweemmhat she hudbem^* (mdwha^sheihehwas. 
A fbw trials convinced her. it was too fate, zxA 
she ■ retired from the Stage for ever ; ' giving ano- 
thei' proof to this poetical i precept, / 

> >^ Walk sober off, before a spr%htli<^r «ge . . 

Cornea tiUeriogjo^, and shoye you /)Q9m the stage/' ; 

On her . retirement from, the Th^atre^ »Mrs. 
prawford went to Bath, the placjeof her nativity, 
with an intent to spend the remainder of her days 
there: bu,t an absqnce of so many years had left 
her no relatians,- no acquaintances, . to talk over 
pld times, and repose in the bosom of cont(^po- 
rary friendships ; she therefore returned to Lon- 
don, and took lodgings in Queen Street, West- 
minster, in the neighbourhood of a lady who had 
been for many years htr intimate friend; and who, 
from the constancy of her temper, the frankness 
and general integrity of her heart, well deserves 
th^t titje. In the society of this lady, and a few 
others, she continued till her death, Avhich hap- 
. , J ^ pened 

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peney 6h the Sfifth of^ November, 1801, and on 
the 7th of December following, was interred ncaf 
her second husband, in the cloisters of Westmiti^ 
wer Abbey. 

It is much to be lamented that there is no good 
print of this Celebrated actress. To remedy thisf 
defect^ however, vrc- shall attempt a desjrription 
of her person in the following sketch.' 

In figure she vrzn just above the middle si2e, 
Vith a fair complexion, wcH made, and rather i^*- 
dining to the en bon point. Her hair Avas of a 
light auburn, and fell gracefully on her shoulders, 
particularly in those parts Avhich required this 
mode of head-dress. Her features were regular, and 
Corresponding; and though her eyes were not na- 
turally strong, or distinctly brilliant, they gave a 
pleasing interest to Irer looks. To all these there 
Mas a certain modest gaiti de cceur in hei* manner 
and address, that at once conciliated respect 
and affection. 

Her forte in Tragedy, was in the gentle and 
pathetic; such as Belvidera, Monimia, Desde- 
mona, Lady Randolph, &c. &c. and in Comedy, 
the gay and sprightly; such as Rosalind, Mrs. 
Sullen, Mrs. Frail, the Widow BelmoiTr, Widow 
Brady, &c. &c. In these parts we never saw 
her exceeded ; and in the two last characters of 
Tragedy, perhaps, she had no equal. 

O Tliough, 

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. Though, for the sake of > giving a cpntiuued 
sketch of the ipemoirs of Mr. and Mr3. (Barry, 
(performers of too much eminence to be intro- 
duced in profile to the public,) we have been 
obliged to anticipate the order of time, we now 
return to that point from which we aet out, which 
was about the year 1747, when Macklin had been 
for some time reinstated in Drury Lane Theatre,, 
and when he was considered as an actor of very 
considerable talents in many characters beside 
his Jew; whicb, with the abilities of his wife, 
rendered their engagement at any theatre a very 
considerable acquisition. \ 

We therefore find, that, although Garrick, in 
conjunction with the late Mr. Lacy, became joint 
Manager of Drury Lane in 1747* 8, he forgot all 
former disputes, and engaged the. Macklins at a 
very considerable salary. Garrick, like a true 
politician, ** neither loved, or hated," in the way 
' of business; if the parties were useful to him, that 
was sufficient: it was his duty to form as strong 
a company as he could ; and Mr. and Mrs. Mack- 
lin could do so many things, and so well, he 
thought his corps could not be complete without 

Macklin, however, was the reverse of Garrick 
in temper and prudence— he Avas never long con- 
stant to any Theatre. Scrupulously attached to 


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what he called fame, unconciliating in his man* 
ners, and suspicious in his disposition, it was at 
best difficult to make him draw quietly in the 
team ; but when he founds or perceived he found, 
the kast difficulty thrown in his way, h^ bec^m* 
restive and ungovernable. The lat6 Mr. Sheri^ 
dan, Manager of Smock Alley Theatre, Dublin, 
caught him iii one of those moods, in the spring 
of 1748,. when he had been but one season at 
Drury Lane; and making him and his wife the 
tempting offer of 8001. per year, he articled with 
them for two years; and they soon after landed in 
Dublin to perform their (engagements. 

But the proverb of ** Coslum non ariimufn mU^ 
tant, Ssc.'" was exemplified in Macklin.. His c^is-^ 
position to jealousy and dissatisfaction still pre-* 
vailed; for scarcely had he been' a month in Dub- 
lin, when he begian to find out, that the Manager 
chose to perforin Tragedies as Avell as Comedies 
at his Theatre; that his name stood in larger cha- 
racters in the play-bills; and a variety of such 
griecom matters; not considering that his and 
his wife's salary was fijced, at all events, for twa 
years; and that any reasonable arrangement which 
the Manager might adopt for his own emolument, 
would the more enable him to perform his contract 
with them ; but consideration was lost upon a man: 
of Macklin's temper Avhen oiice resolved; he there- 
fore gave a loose to his passions, which at last be-, 

2 came 

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jQBkvdt s;o intolera,ble, that, acci^rrilog to tbe lai>- 
guage of Trinculo^ •' though Sberid^u vas King, 
vMaqklin would be yicflrpy over Wm;** which the 
former not agreeing to, det€|rm|i^ bim to shut 
t}ie doors: of bis Tbcjatr^ against bot;b MacUim 
4nd his wife* 

iThis, however, so far from bijingirtg hitn to rea* 
50% provoked hi^ irritabilities the njoi?e. IJe se^ 
veral times presented himjsclf at the stage dooi^*— 
No admittancQ. He then sent the Manager an 
attorney's letter— No answer. He then c^m* 
menced a chancery suit; and, after waiting the 
whole winter unemployed, he returned to England 
with some hundred pounds mnus, and a snug 
law-suit upon his sh^fulders into the bargain. 

, On hisr return to England, l>e con>menced Ma- 
nager at Chester for that i^a^on ; and xn, the wint 
ter.w^ restored to Covent Garden Theatre, 
Avhere he performed Mercutio durii^ the celebra- 
ted run of Romeo and Juliet betw^n the two 
hoi^ses* How Macklin could have been endured 
in a character $o totally unfitted to his powers of 
Bftind apd body, is a question not easily resolved 
at tliig day ; particularly as Woodward played tbii* 
very character at the other house, and played it 
in a style of cxcellendfe never perhaps, before, or 
since, equalled; so that those who could not even 
judge of the Poet's diesign in the character, one 


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CHARLES i»tA«*€IN, Tp7 

should suppose, might judge by comparison of 
tlie actors. ' That he mfght have thrown some 
tricks and buffoonery into Mtrcutio^ so as to ma&6 
it laughable to the crowd, was a talent which we 
have seen him Dcicasionally exercise; and {lerhaps 
this was his passport, as the j6urnali4 of those 
days JtfFord no proofs of public reprehension. „ We 
have talked to hinrupon this subject as delicately 
as the nature of such a conversation would adniit; 
and, w hat is rather istraoaige, he always spoke of 
Mercutio «s one of his favourite parts, and en- 
larged upon it in full confidence of his powers.. 

He. continued at Covent (J^rden a season or 
two longer; when, towards JEhe cldse bf tlieyear 
1753, having obtained from Mr, Garrick the use 
of hi4 Theatre . for that night, he tQok a fcMmal 
leave of the Stage in tte following Epildgue, 
written on the occasion by Garrick, iffyhidhhe 
introduced his daughter as Jaii actriess id 'the* pro- 
tection of the public.*: J EipitOGUE, 

♦ Miss Mackliri hftd pcrfbfitied the Biike olf Yofh id Richard 
the Third, !rd«*ftrfy fi ttf« flOti irf Deoember,- If 4<2* JivtRe sea- 
son of 1751-2, ske t)ei?formed Jtent Sboratwiccy and Lady Town- 
]y once. On her father'js'rtBKbtpiitfhing tkre Stage In 11753, she 
engaged &t Drury Lawef, ai4d p^rlurm^ #itli Mr. iGwrricfe with 
great success till 1760, when shediafigisd to Covent GUrdeA, and 
quitted the Theatre about 17M. Sb« was ani aictress highly ac- 
complished, btil biid little df the fo<c^,of'$atfv«egeniirt iibotit her. 
She was, however, always received with great favour whilst at 
Drury Lane, bttt felt off in he/flc4ng at Cofeitt Gl»rdein. She 
died the 3d of July, 17^1. f'srther p^rticuiars oi hew #iLl be 
fcmtui io the course of these Memoirs. 

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198 .^ MiKMOIHiS OF : 

, . ., . EPILOGUE, • 

{Spoken bj/ Mr, Magklin, upon taking hate of the Stage, 20M 
of December^ 1753, after the Comedy of " The Refusal 

foQx l^ tosf'd up and down from shore to shore, . 
Sick^ w^t, and weary, will to sea no n^ore; 
Yef 'tis bome comfort> tho* I quit the trade, \ 

That this last voyage with success is ipalde, > 

The ship full laden, and the freight all paid. ) 

Since,, then, for reasons, I the Stage give o'er, 
- And for jfdvr sake^ write t^agpdiel no more,. ' 
t. §omp other schemes of course possess my brain; 
X^or hfi who once has ?at,must eat again; 
And les^ this lank, this melancholy phiz, 
. .•3hould g;rj0\y more t%nk^ more dismal than ili^, 
Ji scheme I hav6 in hand, will make you stare: 
Tlfo' off the Stage, I. still must be the player; 
Sltill Tmiist follow the theatric plan, - 
Exerf my comic powers, draw itU I can, 
/ > Ahd to each goest-rrrappeat a .different mam , 
I,;l\k^ vf^ liquor, must ea^h palate hit; 
Hake with the wild— ?-be sober with the Cit; 
Nay. sometimes act my least becoming part— the wit 
W'ith politicians I miist nod— seem full, 
.' Ahd adt my hest becoming 4)art—rthe dulU 
- -' My f)lanJ8 thi€-r-Man'» form'd^a social creatjujoe, 

; Requiirihg converse by the laws of Nature ; 
•>- - .Andiasitbe jxiPQQ c^n r^iise the s^relling flood, \ 
^ .Ot\ astlie .wind i*^ in/iuen/s'd by the blood, v 

: So. do l.miikj^ myself weU understood. ' J 

- I'm ipuzzl'di faith-T-Lct us,, like Bayes^ agree it, . 
. . ' ^¥oti?U know my plot much better when you see it. . 

Bbt truce with jesting, let me now impart 
Tbe. warm a'ierilowiDgs of a grateful h^s^t. , 


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Come good, come bad,! wbHst life or inemor^ last, 
My miod ihall treasure Up your favours past ; 
Ai^d might one added boon increase the store. 
With much Itess sorrow shoul'd I quit the shore. 
To mine as you have been to me, prove kind, 
Protect tiire 'pledge my kindness leaves behind: 
To youy her guardians; 1 resign my can, ' ' 
Let her with others your indulgence share. 
Whatever my fate, if this my wish prevails, 
Twill glad the father, * tho' the schemist fails. 

What induced him to quit the Stage in the full 
vigour of fauie and constitution, was one of those 
schemes which he had long previously indulged 
hinaself in, of suddenly making his fortune by the 

establishment of a tavern and cofFeerhouse in the 

• * ... 

Piazza, Co vent Garden; to which he afterwards 
added a school of oratory^ upon a plan hitherto 
unknown in England, founded upon the Greek, 
Roman, French, and Italian Societies, under the 
title qf \' The Briti^ Inquisition," : 

The^first partoftliis pjan was oppued on the 
the 11th of Marcli, 1754, by a pvbKc. ordinary, 
(which was. to be continued every d^y at four 
o'clock^ price three shillings,) wlxere every per- 
son was permitted to drink port,, claret, ov what- 
ever liquor he should choc^se— A bil} of fare, we 
must confess,., very encouraging, even. • in ■ those 
times, and which, from its cheapness andnovelt}^ * 
dre\y a cousiderahle resort of , company for some 
time. • . . 4 , As . 

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9Q(f u%utn»3 or 


As curiosity must not be a Itttle excited to 
know something of Macklin in this new light of 
a taveni-keepef, we have it in our power, partly, 
tp gratify them, on the authority of a literary 
Gentleipaq. now living, whp often formed erne of 
the ordinary during the course of the first season ; 
^nc| his relation is as follows. 

Dinner being announced, by public advertise*^ 
inent, to be ready at four o'clock, just as the 
clock had struck that hour, a large tavern bell, 
which he had affixed to the top of the housed 
gave notice of its approach. This bell continued 
ringing for about five' minutes: the dinner was 
then ordered to be dished; and in ten mitjuteS 
afterwards it was set upon the table: after which 
the outer room door was ordered to be $htit, and 
no other guest admitted. 

Macklin himself always brought in th? first 
dish, dressed in a full suit of clothes, &c. with ^ 
napkin slung across his left arm. When he pla- 
ced the dish on the table, he made a low bow, 
?ind retired a few paces back towards the side- 
board, which Was laid out in a very superb style,' 
and with e^^ery possible convenience that could 
be thought of. Twa of' his principal waiter? 
stood beside him; and brie, two, ot three more, 
as occasidn reqiirrcd them. He had trained up 
all hiB scrv&hts^ scv^cpal months before fbr this a)t- 


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tendnnce; and ooe principal rule (which he laid 
down as, a sine qua non) >v'as, that not one single 
if^r4 v^ to be spoken by them whilst m the 
room, except \rben asked a question by one of 
the guests. The ordinary, therefore, was carried 
oa by 9ign^ previously agreed upon; and Mack- 
Ijn, ^ principal waiter, had only to obseiTC when^ 
any thing was wanted or called for, to com* 
municate a sign^ which the waiters immediately 
understdocl^ and qompUed with. , 

Thus was dinner entirely served up, and atten* 
ded to, on the wde of the hou^, all in dumb sbeW4 
When dinner was oyerj end the bottles *nd glasses 
ftU Jftid upon the tiWe, ^I;*ckli% quitting his for- 
mer Jirtuatioii, walked gravely up to the front of 
the table, and hoped ^* that all things were. found 
agre^ble;" a.fter^hiGh, he pasrsed the bell-rope 
rouifcd the back <?f the el>air of the person who 
happened to sit* ^t the head of the table, and 
making a low bow at the doorj retired. 

Though all this h^d the shew of a formality 
^aedn^ingly tpuehing too much on the freedom of 
social meeting, it appeared to have a general 
good effect: the company not only saw it as a 
thin^ to wbieh they had not been accustomed, 
but it gave them- by degrees, from the example of 
taciturnity, a*p(?rtain mixture of temper and mo- 
deration in their discourse; and it w^s observed, 




fi02 MEMOIRS OF - 

that there were fewer wrangles and disputes at 
this ordinary, during the time Macklin kept it; 
than could well be expected in places which ad- 
mitted of so mixed an assembly of people. 

The company generally , consisted of wits, au- 
thors, players, Templars, andlounging-meaof the 

Of the other part of his plan^ which he called 
*^The British Inquisition," it is impossible to 
think, without ascribing to the author a degree 
of Vanity almost bordering on madness. By this 
plan, l>e not only incited a discussion on almost 
the whole cirj6le of arts and sciences, which 
he was in a great ineasure to direct, but took up 
on himself solely to give Lectures on the Comedy 
of the Ancients; the use of their masks, flutes,> 
mimes, pantomimes, &c. He next engaged to 
driaw a comparison between the Stages of Greece 
and Rome. To conclude with Lectures upon eacfe 
of Shakespeare's Plays, commenting on the dif- 
ferent stories from whence his plots were taken, 
the uses which he made of them, Avith strictures- 
on his fables, mlorals, passions, mauners, &c. 

But, in order to let the projector speak for him- 
self, we here subjoin a copy of his first advertise- 
ment to the public on the occasion. 

^' A* 

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*^ At Macklm'i G^ai Room i$i^ HartStpeetj Covenf Garden^ thh 

Day f being the 2Ut of November^' Kill be opefted 


** This Institutipn h upon the plan of the ancient Gre^, Ro-? 
mart, and modern French and Italian Societies of liberal investi- 
gation. Such subjects in Arts, Sciences, Literature, Criticism, 
Philosophy, History, Politics, and Morality, as shall be found 
useful and entertaining to society, will be there lectured upon, 
i^nd freely' d^l)ated; particularly, Mr. Macklin intends to lee* 
ture Upon th^; Comedy of the Ai)cienta> the use of their masks 
and flutes, th^ mifaie^ and pantomimes, and the u^ i^nd abuse 
of the Stage. He wilj likewise lecture upon the rise and progress 
of the modern Theatre^, and make a comparison between them 
and those of Greece and Rome; arid between each other he pro- 
poses to lecture also upon each of Shakespeare's Plays; to consi- 
der the original stories from whence they are taken; the artifi- 
cial or inartificial use, accoi^ding^o the laws of , the jdr^imm that 
Shakespeare h^sm^de of them: his fable^ moral character, pasv 
sions, manners, will likewise be criticised ; and how his capital 
characters have been acted heretofore, are acted, and ought to 
be acted. And as the design of this inquiry is to endeavour at 
an acquisition of truth' in matters of taste, particularly theatri- 
cal, the lec^ur^ being ended, any gentleman may offer his thoughts 
upon the subject, 

" The doors will be opened at 5, and the lecture begin pre- 
cisely at 7 o*clo<!k,' every. Monday and Friday evening. 

'' Ladies will be admitted, price one shilling each person. 

•* The first lecture will be on Hamlet. -t 

" N. B. The question to be debated after the lecture, will he, 
whether the People of Great Britain have profited by their In- 
tercourse with, or their Imitatibn, of the French Nation ? 

. *' There 

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804 . MJBMOIftS 0* 

" There is a public ordinary every day at 4 o'clock, price 
IhrcQ shillings each p«r9on; to drink port^ dar«t, or whatever 
liquor h^; shall choose. 

" N. B. This evening the public subscription Card-room will be 
€f>ened. Subscriptions taken in by Mr« Macklin/' 

In respect to his knowledge of ancieni Comedy, 
and hi6 attempt to draw a comparisau between the 
Greek and- Roma^ Stuge, he must hay« obtained 
ijt (if luc made any Kterary inquiry at all) from 
Prydeii^s prefaces, and other detached English 
writers on the subject ; as he Was totally unac- 
quainted with either the Greek or Latin langua- 
ges, and did not understand French well enough 
to avail himself of their criticisms* A» to the 
original of Shakespeare's stories^ and the uses he 
made of them, &c. he \vas still in a worse predi- 
cament, as this required a course of reading in 
the contemporary writers of Shakespeare's age, 
too multifarious either fw the grasp of his mind^ 
or for the time which, from other avocationSj he 
could spare; so that to every body, but him* 
selfy Macklin stood in a very ridiculous point 
of view — ^under the responsibility of large pro^ 
mises, with very httle capital to discharge them*. 

Of his illustration of Shakespeare's plays^ we 
believe, there are no records, as he was not quite 
fool enough to print them, nor has even ridicule 
consigned them to memory; but, as a proof of 

2 what 

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whzX he was capaUe of dotog a^ a critic va this 
line, wc sul>j(iin the following proposal he made 
to Garrick, as a kind of grateful compensation to 
him, for giving him the use of his Theatre for 
one night, apid for writing a farewell Epilogue 
for him on the same occasion. 

In a conversation he had with Garrick about 
the great run of Romeo and Juliet, he told him, 
that as the town, had not properly settled which 
was the best Ilomeo, Barry or him, be meant ul-' 
timately to decide tliat question in his next lec^ 
ture on that Tragedy. Garrick, who was all alive 
to fame, iastantly cocked up his ear, and ex- 
claimed, " Ah ! my dear Mac. how will you 
bring this about?" " I'll tell you. Sir: I mean 
to shew your different merits in the garden scene. 
Barry comes into it. Sir, as great as a lord, 
swaggerifig about hb love, and talking so loud, 
that, by G— , Sir, if we don't suppose the ser- 
vants of the Caputet family almost dead with 
sleep, they must have come out, and tossed the 
fellow in a blanket. Well, Sir, after having fixed 
my auditors' attention to this part, then I shall 
jtek. But how does Garrick act this? Why, Sir, 
sensible that the family are at enmity with him 
and his house, he comes creeping in upon his toes, 
whispering his love, and looking about him jW/ 
like a thief in thenigbt/\ At this Garrick could 
hold out no longer— he thanked him for his good 
* intentions, 

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206 • M£;Moiiur or ^ 

intentiom, but begg«H he would dOTline his pur* 
p08€^ a^, after all, he thought it a qfuestion bet-. 
tcr left to the opinion of an audience than the 
subject of a lectuTe. ' '; ! 

With these qualifications as a critic, much suc- 
cess could not be augured from the lectures. 
The eVeiit turned oiit so; as in alittie:tinie the 
few Ai^ho resorted to his rooinsgaveaip all ideas 
of improvement, and the whole assumed an aif 
of burlesque ; which was still heigh tteneid by the 
gravity of Mackliri, who, thisting to the efficien- 
cy of his own posters, appeared eveiy night full 
dressed, dictating to %ht town in all the airs of 
superior intelligence. ' 

Foote Stood at the head of the wits and laughers 
on this occasion. This ex^traordinary. genius, 
whose memoirs form one of the greatest desiderata 
of modern biography, had been introduced a few 
years before to the town, and Was then in the 
full flow of wit and humour: his constant lounge 
was the Bedford Gofiee-House, tiie resort of the 
wits at that time, where he was the idol of the 
place : every bpdy who knew him came early, in 
hopes of being one of his party' at supper; and 
thosp who were not acquaintances, had the same 
curiosity in engaging the boxes near him. Foote, 
in return, was no niggard in his conversation; 
but, on the contrary, was as generous as he was 


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affluent: he talked i^pon roost subjects with great 
knowledge and fluency; a^id wherever a flash of 
wit, a pun, orajok^ came in his way, he gave 
it in such a style of genuine humour as was al* 
ways sure to circulate the laugh; and this laugh 
was his glory and triumph. 

: To a man of this character, Macklia was as the 
iace to the pike^ a. sure prey. He accordiugly. 
made him his daily food for laughter and ridicule, 
by constantly attending his lectures, and, by 
his questions, remarks, and repartees, kept the 
audienqe in a cpntinued roar. Macklin some- 
times made battle — but it was Priam to Pyrrhus; 
he now and tlien came out with a strong remark, 
or bitter sarcasm ; but in wit and humour, poote 
was greatly his superiof. Foote likewise had the 
talent of 4ceeping his temper, which still added to 
his superiority. 

One night, as Macklin was preparing to begin 
his lecture, and hearing a buz in the room, he 
spied Foote in a corner, talking and laughing 
most immoderately. This he thought a safe time 
to rebuke him, as he had not began his lecture, and 
consequently could not be subject to any criticism : 
be therefore cried out, with ^ome. authority^ 
"Well, Sir, you seem to be very merry there; 
but do you, know what I am going to say now?" 
'*No, Sir," s^ys Foote; ** Pray da your The 


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ft^dyitid utt«mbafrtt*»ed matmut of this Tep(y 
At6\ronj&Wfh a burnt of laughter/ a^ silenced thd 
lectttrdr for some. minutes; nor cOuM he then get 
on, tin called upon by the genetal voice of the 

Another time, Macklin undertook to shew the 
causes of duelling in Ireland, and why it was 
jtittch more the practice of that nation than any 
other. In order to do this in his own way, he 
began with the earliest part of the Irish his- 
tory, as it respected the customs, the education, 
and the animal spirits of the inhabitants; and, a^ 
tier getting as^ far as the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
he was again proceeding, when Foote spoke to 
order. '' Well, Sir; what have you to say upon 
this subject ?" ** Only to crave a little attention. 
Sir, (says Foote, with much seeming ihodesty,) 
when I think I can settle this point in a few words. ** 
**WeIl, Sir, go on." ''Why, then, Sir," says 
Foote, ''to begin, what o^clock is it?'" "O'Clock!" ' 
says Macklin; "what has the clock to do with a 
dissertation on duelling?" '* Pray, Sir,"* says 
Foote, " be pleased to answer my question/' 
Macklin, on this, pulled out his watch, and re- 
ported the hour to be half past ten. " Very well,** 
says Foote ; " about this time of the night, evety 
gentleman in Ireland, that can possibly afford it, 
is in his third bottle of claret, consequently is in 
a foir way of getting drunk : from drunkenness? 


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proceeds quarrell^%g^ ?W^ f^^^ ^uarreHing, dueV* 
ipgy ix^:9Q^ there's ^n ewl of the chapter." The 
compi^3;}f seemed, fully, satisfied with this abiidg* 
meat; aud Macklin shut up bis lecture for that 
evenii:^ in ^eat dudgeon.. ; ^ 

i^iuither night, rtbeing at supper with Foote and 
some, others at the Bedford Coffee-house, one of 
the. Qomps^ny was praising^Macklin on the great re* 
gularity of his ordinary, and, inparticular, hismau'^' 
ner of directrog his waiters by &gnals. ^ * Aye, 3ir, " 
says Maclflin, ; * \I knew it woulddo. And where do- 
you think I picked up this hint? Well, Sir, I'll 
tell you, I picked it up from no less a man than 
James Duke of York, who, you know, Sir, first 
ijiventedi signals for the, fleet" " Very apropos ! 
indeed^"' say3 Foote^ ^* and good poetical justice; 
Bsfrom thej^cet they were taken-rso to tAe Fleet 
both master smd signaU are Jikely to return/' 

•All this, though ga^Kng to Macklin, was fun 
fqr the public; andif if ^^endspdhere, would, per- 
haps, have .served Maql^lin in a pecuniary, way, as 
much as it hui{tihis/ee^ings in another: b^t. Foote 
did not know when he had enough oj^ a good 
thing; he introduced him into his Theatre at the 
Haynj^JceJt,^ whe^e neither cut so good a figure as 
they,4j^,ip tlbe Br^tiflji^|pfiuisition} and Macklin, 
in rjB^urpi. retorted > ift all kind of abusr ax^l ca* 
luin|iy.^ ^thQ public at; J^fe g^ew tired of the con- 
J P trover^', 

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troversyj fr6m bfeing tak^ out of its proper^ {>laecj 
ahd the Sritish Inquiiitibn ho6n after this begaa 
to fey a graduaK decay '%' all its departments. 

Most people, besiMe- the pmjectdl-, salr the 
seeds of a speedy dissolution in the very princi- . 
|4es of this scheme. ' In the "first place,' Jt was 
upon a large expensive scale, and^quitc nbvdin 
this country; it, therefore, not only required a 
greater capital than Macklin was master of, but 
much greater talents; as he had neither learning, 
i<eadiiig, figure, or elocution, for the oi^torical 
part; nor assiduity, knowledge, or temper, for 
keeping a coffee-house and tavern. Whilst he 
amused himself with drilling his waiters, or fitting 
himi^lf for the rostrum, by poring ova* the Jthc^ 
nian Oracle f or ParHamentdry Debafe^y his wai- 
ters, in return, were robbing him in all directions. 
His cook geheifally went to market for him ; and 
his principal waiter was his head butler. lu 
short, Macklin had lefl hirtigelf little mbte to do 
in' the essential parts of this^ business, than paying 
the blAh; and these iodn pdured in upon him so 
fks^ that he could not even acquit lihnsdf of this 
empltiyment. : n :. • . . : . .w 

Thingfs could not long continue' m tMs de- 
ranged state. He soon found k dfifficuhy itl^sup- 
parting the daily expeiices of tiiehousfe; but still 
he' trusted to the fbrforri hbpt of better times,' and 


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luckier oppottunitien. His friends had now the 
oonfidence to leH hmi, that his icheme^ from the 
he^nliiag, wa^ illi-matured^ and he^ above all 
others, the mmt unlikely to sticceed in it. This, 
instead ^fi«structi«ghito,' piqued his pride: he 
called his want of success illlucki a^d tlmt, as 
luck would turn if money would hold, he would 
try it another winter. Accordingly, the next 
winter did ultimately decide the question, as wc 
find inth a bankrupt ott the £5th of January; 
175i(, under, the titk of " vintner^ coffee-man, and 
chapman.'* ■ 

On his examination before the Commissioners 
of fiankrtiptcy, every thing turned Out to his cha*- 
rafcter, but his prudenctj 6^ it appeared he lost his 
money parfljr by the sums incurred in building 
and fitting up the rooms, and partly by the tiade 
■not bting adeq^iiate to such a scale of expenditurei 
One circumstance, however, should hot be omit- 
ted here, which redounfds to h?s character as a 
father, which was — that it was proved, by suffi- 
cient documents, that he laid out no less a sum 
than tmetve hundred pounds on the education of 
his daughter— an cdncatton iiOt ill bestowed, as it 
respected^ exterior aceompliishmeiits, Sec. but which 
made so Httle impression on her gratitude, that, 
at her death, (which happed when her father 
was Above ^ig;hty years of age, wd when, it was 
weH kiftowh, he wa^fai- f#om being independent,) 
' PS she 

Digitized by 


212 HEHMits or 

she bequeathed tjie bi^t part of hf i; fortune to 
stmngers— giving him, at the i3ame tim^j^ such an 
eventual title to the other part, as was worse than 
absolute neglect — it was a legacy iu mockery, as if 
she only thought of her father to tantal^e him 
with fruitless expectations. 

Macklin being now released froni the duties of 
a Lecturer and Tavern-keeper, (duties which nei- 
ther his talents or temper ever designed hon for,) 
*^ the world was all before him, wi>ere to choose 
his place of happiness and rest;" but bis passions 
were too turgid to admit of much rest, and his 
judgment too much governed by his passions to 
seek the proper sphere of happiness. However, 
indolence was never amongst his vices : he was 
always doing something, or had a projtet in his 
head whioh was to do a great deal. The project 
of the moment was, to found a new Theatre in 
Ireland, in* conjunctfon with the late^ Spranger 
Barry, (fpr this was the first sketch of the plan,) 
which was tp outdo all former outdph^g^. 

Balry (as we have before observed in the course 
of -these anecdotes) was tlien in .tliCi. height of 
power and reputation ; and, nothing ^ut the very 
^ritation and restlessness of ambitiop qquld have 
prompted him to phang^ a situation $0 desirable : 
whereas Macklin, just emerged frflm bajuKnjptcy, 
and not havipg as jqt ifccoye^e^ ^^js ^^ijtuation.on 
■ - . ^ the 

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the LoMbnrTIieaLire, had nothing to Ibife, with a 
certaraty of ■ giiriing son^thing by fh^. struggle. ^ 
Witli tfh^se prepossessioiis^ he ear^iggtd ^Barry ' 
(himdelf.**^iiothirig loth") so constantly about the 
powei^' of a Manager, and the fixed' and perianal ' 
iient profits of a Theatre, which by its depiita- v 
tions coftld ebtiittiand the whole kingdoiii, that he ' 
detenriined '6H'the trial, and proposals were sent ' 
over to Irelaiid'f6r 'that purpose.- . ; ; ^ ^ ^ 

During this interval, Macklin's house under 
the Piazzas,^ Covent Garden, Was constantly open 
for thdT^fosof the profesrsion to give -specimens 
of tiseif different talents: from Uti to twelve 
o'clock, three timeg a week, he gave audiences 
for this ^tfrpo^e; a:nd it formed an "object 6f ;^io 
little cariosity to see the veteran, irf all the forma- 
lity aii^ ' port of' a Theatrical ■ Inquisitor, settling 
their various pretensions. .' '> i; ; ; 

Many stories flew about the town, at that time, 
df the various bdd and whimsical chara^te^s who 
presented themselves for engagement : some real, 
no doubt ; and somte which may be set down to 
the account of Foote, (his old and constant ludi-» 
crous tormentor,) which may be classed under 
the title of " poetical prose. '* 

One was of a man who offered himself for • 
Othello, who, as he was giving, by Av!ay of speci- 

P3 men, 

Digitized by 


214 MJ>^H)IRS OF ; 

Tn€n, the speech before the Senate?, imsr.oji^ftenred 
to tlnow back his left arm witb^greacf .^vicJiCnce 
pretty co«f^Titly^ ** Pray, Sir/; says^Mafklioi, 
" keep bacl^ your kftarm a Mftle more: you are 
now, consider, addn^ssjpg the Semyte^ aijiA the 
rightrband is the ,^fle; to give grjtc% ap^ enfi^ to 
you renunciation/' *'0,Sir, (replie4:^lipqu5idi4ate 
very coplly,) it is only. th^ slcey^ of ^lynp^al^ [which , 
I forgot to pin back, as I lost ray Ifift aT# .waaay 
years ago on boalrd a man of war. 


Of another, who presented himself as a^cafiidi- 
date for Kqnt in King L^r; but A^acfalinf^us^' 
peeting the ^mim's qualifieatifoms from Ifis ^ppear^ 
aittcei asked \mth what sor| of charafifer ^^id hfi 
auippose Kfjitt to be, *^ Character," ji^flkdt^e 
man, *' ^hy.^Physickn Sfurely!" '^^ P%Mcai^ 
Sir !" .§ried- MapkUn : " d^— ran , i%, h^^Hrcto, you 
make that out?" ** Oh ! very clearly^, from tiiiis 
reply of Kent*s-r-*^ Do— r-kill thy Physician, Lear.'* 

Of aft^^fef r, who offere4 fo,r thp Cock in HoffOeti 
^li4;of aaotlier, who sei^t^ia^ list of Smii!^ capi-r 
Xvii liragedy parts„ who, ov an int^rviewj^ turned 
cut to be a Plajckamoor. 

Whilst Macklin was thus eragloyed, ^ sci^^ of 

another nature took place, which ranks his cha- 

lactet in a more respectafa^^ point of vi^w* We 

hafVe already observ^d^ tha^ >I^kKn, previously 

:.. ' /to 

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to his. tufning O^AoVr^ liqviMtor,.. anfl Tavcrlir 
keeper, had iatroduced his daughter to the .Stage^ 
in a Prologue written for that purpose. Though 
Miis. Mackiii' was iidit ihaadfionie, J^ie/Mifas i^enteel 
m ber tpnsolv and bemg; li^lify edacajbcd^! w^ 
£iJ^]Miiable ih ber niaiiifi8i's>lnd depdrtntenti She 
lirjaihtmdci aiTciry.risin^^'^^ctmsy aiKi gay^ spe-- 
cimens of hev singing wUfYiandi%'iiiocG;fi^^ 
filtellaiinnent»^whkrbiqaki)e\her/a gristatfarQurite 
with the town. " jV.. : : .. 

S<>in6 days previously/ to i:her bra^, Whilst 
Macklin was sitting at bre^kfaiftt) . a. loud knockh 
iug at his door announced the name of a Baronet, 
at tbat lime as well knnWii on the 4urf,/ as he has 
smoe^bemiia/thc <^racttr of ia J/oI&%e j&o/tfp>iaaid 
6nM^I/dgaiFirm)tiiimer.::AftiT: the beremdtiies 
of introdikottoa> wf re brcry/ MaiekKii .ftopfed:? ^ he 
Wcmld d6 hitn 4^ ; hohoffir/ of jl»ieak&f ting with 
him;'* wMch the otb^: itidry fffLnl^y;a)Gbcptttd^0^ 
and tlietHm^erisatlcfjabecbmegdnvrth: fThe stagey 
of course, formed one of the topics; when the 
Baix)net took this opportunity to praise Miss 
Maeklin' iii the higbesf -vtriadns x)f ; panegyHc. 
This Maeklm thbiight a^pt^diomen fbr his ^aaigh"* 
Wsrbei^fitiiight,/ai^ibowedi¥iostgh)iibuvly to 
all his ^itoon>iQms;;^lAtShtft, ii^rla shorib paose^ 
(arising, ^ MatHliitrdiots^ll^ fmiti'l|isc>dmten1i;s3> 
liient abqut tb^ manner of a jkingt for tuiketft, ) the 

. /. * . ; . ; ..: fi4 / -BaroMt 

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Baronet ibq^an the^ &iUawifig( ^ci^idasL ccmrar^ 

•Mackiin; .yobjma)? subppse J femmol iixssfisiUb of 
Jier merits. :I meani to he: hec i fn^id' ; iiiet itt il*e 
article!^or her bmiefi^^i >i^ such 
tiifliBQg; actsiQ£iifiis^faUp;o ir^ m^acwithmg 
anore thiin theicaiut(^3(k£.patroii^qftI)mf£tato^ 
her friend for life." .n ..w; yb [■ :/; 

i f'.Whit doJycw^aUadc^toioiSiri^ ss^Macklin, 
caused at. this l^stueipredskai;. . : ; i , ^ cB^r xi i I . : » K. 

-; :f ^ fWhy,'fiJsaJdithe* atlierjr .i*^:fcineaiB*sH jsayj to 
toak^^he^jT^^l^ind £91! tt&.*:a5id a^IiyoiiiaiFela^nmB 
<of tfaeiwiorld^iaml 'ti^s fit.yj(m'i$hotildbk^ipeJistflbff6d 
jri thikh}is&essmL ii^AV^iinaktnjrQuraii'^ 
Mildred! fjQunds jpen jraac (foil yaitr rdaAgtuteiv ^ :a»d 
^d hu»dt®d.perg/i'eaTi^ jjdnwjself; th)3bb/s6tjured 
pni^anyliif niyicatatcffr]d»ttigt)bQthr3iimr joatJiral 

iives.'Mv/ :... ./).^_, '> ) b/; i •/-■.:-..: .V.,:.^) ^« 

. -^ I n^ at.jthatitime/^c^ffiidMajckliB;,! ^^s^eai}'- 
^ngsopi€(bufter4mifaycig>H,jai|fl>lidppm^;td ha^ ^ 
in niyJ^mda lacgc iX2af8edkinafe^..iyi^iichri9ra6^hg; 
fm4 looking stttadily ^ittie.\BapDn€ii^ desised bins 
imtm^yiitfxqnitimy ^^9^ hi^, at 

the ^ame-tiimp^ \ 1;^L!I A^ftsia^inmcfa- sttjrprised a(t 
Ifii^ fQ% as his profligacy^ in thus attempting the 


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honour of.?( ohild thfougk tJ|e naciiiuiw oChfr-paa 
tent. He n^cteU - mA l<\ n^ml-iwe^ aad w^ ^pfQf 
ceqding . with; *Qi*e :Cparsw^?i/-^liep instantly; I 
sprcUig frpxft myse^t, an^bol^fog the knife ne^x^ 
Im thr<)iai# ;i4i:^inienaci^ng A^an^r,; ki^ h|v mal^ 
tbel>^t;of ;}Mfi;iway dowHr ,fi[talr9> or I would ii^^ 
sl3anitiy.4ny#:that inatru^jnelit into. his heart, as the 
4ue reward; of ^ch tase^^d infai^oijs , prqpqatd& 

*' Sir, (continued the Veteran,) I had no occa- 
sion to rep?^ r, J^ ^nfteiMices ft^ -siaeond ti me^ , By 
G — ^,..tU^ feV^w in?Jde bpjt^^ne Jump ifrpni;i24i& 
chair Iq tlieifji^,\ai^ j&cajppejf d down the^ 3ta^tft 
aa jjf )the» Ptt-kI wasrm,;^^fp. , He ran ftcrq^^rt^iq 
Gard^^u in the^iSiame nianaeiv; tj^ixkii^g I>'^uh$tiU 
at hisjijBel)^: ^and so>' Siar^/J/ never ^poke-ito the 

JPwvjou^Iyiito the indi3nturc$ being dijaiwa^ip 
llCfcWew Bai;jy antlMaok^jp^! as. joint Maaagers^ 
of Crp^^^Street Theatre, Dublin^ Ma0k}ip gat^ ia 
a list of part9« and a plan of man^geria^ arrange^ 
ment, as it respected his own power, which 
routed J?ar?y to paU^e ^on .fiueh a,n ; agreement* 
Beside rth^p^t'ts which he; M?%5,iJj(Stagepossess;ioa 
of, fiuQh aSiShyloqk, Sir P^al Pliant, the Miser, 
Ben in Lov^ for Love, Sji Gilbeit Wrangle, Scrub/ 
Trincuk), i&t?; ^c, he >wa3 for articling jto play 
Hamlet,.. RicJti^rd,, Mapbeth, Sec, 'occam^ially. 
Seeing Barr^ rjiihcr surprised at^thisja^t prx^sal, 

— *^ Not. 

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91S msamn^^t '^> 

*-f'''l^ot, ittyidwf Sj)mige^5 (say^fce,) th^ 1. 
nWiit^o take yWHr' pfttts^>fr^>m you/ but by way Of 
^Hihg the toWii'wH»<y. You ^11 play Macbeth 
fttienigbV^ted I another, ahd ^oti^'l^r, wick the 
j«t of the tragkS-<Attf aiclBi*. Thus we itill thr*>w 
Hghts upOii one ah^hei^ p€rf6rtftatt<ie, -ahd ^gtv* 
ft botte to the Idds oiF ttieCollegej *^to[>/ afteKall, 
form a part of the^^ftftAt fcritieal* atfdiende' in 

' Barty tehioudtfateH iiv Wi*iagttin^ this absurd . 
pWj^c!t,^^by telling hitti,^ ift-fei*' stffli| coiidlia,ting 
tAkVLiiet, that th^ veiy Wv^rife'bf . ^^htit he predict- 
^ ihust ha|^pen/ as, Jh ihe pifdjJ/bkidi df one of 
theiri being a ftt6^ritt 4n anyof tJ«]4^ dharacteis, 
the other tnilst fteTtibedegtadatioft^ arid tff course 
the receipts of the house would sutfet*^— that he, 
Macklin, had a large circle of comic parts to 
range in, all at his owh ^disposal, whi^h h^6ould 
vary as he liked-— which would be ^ifficiewt bdth 
Ibr fkme and fdrtune; '^nd not ris^i$ the t^]% 
up of newbijsihess athifr fim#d//i/i?. • • 

'' . '■• ., '.."'.'•.. 

Macklin caught flrg at the word H*§«i/e, and; 
perhaps, fime d//^f,'and tbldMin, it n^as motiB a . 
oirtainty than lie or Garrick wer^ atVBpe of; thd* 
he had long thought of these petrtej ^ that he had 
fong studied them ; and though he hSd cteVer be^ 
fore then had a power to demand them, he would 
pot now lose the opportunity! ** And, by G — d, 


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Sir, let me tcW^fm^J tWpk I shajlbf able ^ shpw. 
the tpwa sopgthiug th^y^j^vpv sai^f before." 

To 8uch reaj^ouiiigp no|:bl|^ Aould bd| af^liiiBd^ 
but by breaking off the ea^gemen^ : ^bicb :w^ 
leordingly was di&SQlye^.: %t B^rry jaljt^r^^s^ds; 
recoHectingj that SHcb a^ fli^<a^4 M^^ij^ .. witl^r 
the assistance of bis wi% wauki b^use|fil j;p>Jiifg^i 
be go,t, a tl^rd persoji, .^o l^yii^ bijrpi ris^i4,^,^r 
offering bim a lai;ge ^^^fty^HFTO ^ P^rV^g^flpf; 
playing tAvice a i^^e^ ip^^^p^Y^tji^^ifffm 
ters of the Mat ^c^ fir^| de%r^R,j^3jr^l|9qi,bsiB^ 
concerned in any x^ifjet ^^i^.f^i^agRiu i M^. 
some interviews, this was' at last acceded to. 
When fianry,. in tlj^ po^jmitiWK .articdedr wiU?: the 
late Hary \yimdwaj;d as joixx:^; Eate^t^e^in,4 >^^r' 
nager of the mteaded Theatre, - .0 

In the Spring of 1757, Macklin weiit to Irelan^^ 
^long with JBarry, ariB was present at laying ^the^ 
foundation stone of Cf ow-Street Theatre* H,^: i!^a*. 
likewise a constant iDuspectox ipf , the* progrefs p^ 
that building whilst he st^Lye;d in lreland,i where, 
he was often heard descaniAng on the stri^fjt^re of 
the GLreek and Roman theatres, the natuw. of their, 
masks^ scenery^ 8cc. to- the no small entertainment, 
of the by-standers> and oftei^. to the interruption^ ' 
of the workmen ; one of whom at las^ told him,^ 
" That they were building an Irish, not a Gjeek 
Theatre, and roust build according to the plan 

. ' lai4 

Digitized by 


22(V* ' MiMbiRS^ OF ' ' 

laid down for them. ^ This offended Macklin'd 
virtu sothuch, tlifait he declined alt future Visits. 

Abotfl the September of' the saitie year, Barry ^ 
hiring oiytained a iiifficient numher of subscrijj^ 
hereto his^Tie\<r Thekiit, and arranged every otherR 
mattfer relative t6^hfe • ^reat desi^, returned to 
Londbn, leaving 'MacfcUn'i^s his'toduintenens, 
wlio,'te;di!^him' ^ticle, V^s so vei^ vigilant and 
indiKSrWto in all'^the'^diepartkie^^ trust, 

thati^djioit Barry V ietijih to Dukin, towards the 
cldig y^'^hesuitiinfeFdf ' 1^48, l3ie Theatre was' 
Dtearij^ ready for thcSr ^performance. 

^Mi^. MacA di^ibout this time, before her 
husl^and could receive any benefits frbm her en- 
gagement; and he ^seemed much afflicted at her 
' loss, as her judgment and good sense often kept . 
him within the pale of propriety. He used oftien 
to confess this; and at the stme time arraign the 
quickness and turbulence of his passions, whicli 
too frequently got the mastery t)f Ifis understand- 
iiig. ^^She was 'esteemed an excdWnt actress in^ 
the W'aHc of her profession ; a very corisiderable 
riJader^ and possessed the accomplishments of 
singing and dancttig to that degree, as w6uld 
have enabled her to get her bread in those lines, 
was not her acting considered as the most profita- 
ble employment 

- ' * • 


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Crow-Street Theatre opened on the 23d. of Oc- 
tober, 1758, with an occasional Prologue spoken 
by Barry, after whiqh was performed the Comedy 
of ^'\She. Would, and .She Would Not ; or,' the 
Kind Ymppstor/' ,Macklin joined this corps as 
80Qn aif deicency for the los3 of his wife would jad- 
wi]t; buti §uch was the versatility of his temper, 
' that he not only quitted his engagements with * 
Barry and Woodwar^l, a«4 returned to London 
the middle of December, 1759, but made an en- 
gagement ta perform at Smock-Alley Theatre (the 
opposition house) towards the close of that season ; 
and Victor, the Deputy Manager of that Theatre, 
jrelied so much upon this engagement, that we find 
-him cheering Jus broken: trpops, by assuring them^ 
" That he should have thie. assistance of-Mr. 
Macklin and his daughter for a dozen nights^ 
who, by their joint novejty^ ; and the fathers ex- 
hibiting a new piece or two of his own writing, 
would, hewas in hopes,. clo$e the sejason with con- 
^iderable advantage."^ ' 

This advantage, however, they were excluded 
from, as Macklin^ towards the latter end of the 
month of MarGh,r agam qhanged-his . mind, and 
.acquainted Victor by lettefr .*' That it was im- 
possible for him to fulfil his promise, as his daugh- 
ter's ill state of health . wq^uld not permit her to 
undertake such a journey, and such a voyagfe." 


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Tbc doMequendeof this letter was, tlmt Victor 
was obliged to dissolve the company from acting 
any longer 6n Mr. Sberidan's kccoifnt; and as 
this M^as so early fes the 20th of April, when they 
were n6t only *sttfferers by arrears' of safety^ but 
iew of them hatl commenced benefits, thfe 
prompted them to solicit the feVoiir of ^ tbw»; 
independent of their Manager, ;( which Sheridafc 
very readily g;ratited, by giving them the- use of 
tlie house, scenery, clothes, kc.) in a long advei^ 
tisement, signed with all 'their names, and con-p 
eluding in the following humiliating manner : 

** Unforeseen losses will^ it is hoped, tecom* 
tnend us to tlie continued patronage of the to\vil : 
and we beg leave to assure the public, that it shall 
be our pride and study to perform the ensuing re- 
presentations with as. much accuracy and dili- 
gence, now we are left to our own conduct, as 
we have been compelled to suffer irfegularity and 
confusion, from having been Subjected to a variety 
of disappointments. '*• 

But, alas! this advertisement did them' no ser- 
vice: the warm weather was too far advanced; 
and their endeavours eiided with three or four un- 
successful performances, which thre\^ this little 
corps under the greatest fembarrassmenfe! Mack- 
lin, however, had greatter projects before Jhim than 
joining the Irish Theatres : at this time he got an en- 
2 gagemeut 

Digitized by 


CHAai/ES MAtraLIN. 9&S^ 

gagcment at Di^ary^Lane Theatre, at a. very coa*' 
siderable salary ; and, beside, had it in m^itatioa 
to bring out his farce of Lwe-a-la^Mode ; whkh^* 
though it met with some opposition in thebe^ 
ghming, afterwards received such applause, both 
here and in Ireland^ as made amends for all his^ 
former dramatic miscarriages, and crowned him 
with no inconsiderable share of reputation. 

Of the origin of this little piece we have ofteiir 
/ heard Macklm ^peak, and speak with a pleasure 
which most men take in telling of events which, 
trifling or ludicrous in their beginnings, lead to 
happy and prosperous consequences. It was as 

Some time before their going to Ireland on the 
Crow-Street expedition, Barry and Macklinhad 
been spending the evening at a public-house in 
the iieighbourhood of Covent Garden, when they 
were joined by an Irishman who had been some- 
years in the Prussian service, and who, from his 
first appearance, attracted their notice. In his 
person he was near six feet high, finely formed, 
of ahandsome manly face, with a degree of ho* 
nesty and good humour^ about him which preju- 
diqcd every body in. bis favour. 

He happened to sit in the saime box where Mack-- 
i lin and Barry 4at; and as Barry perfectly under- 

Digitized by 


Stood ibe /Irish phamctfeYj. could teUiimnijr agreea* 
ble stories in. that way> and W3ls beskle. considered 
a^ Boinconsidejuble humh^gger,{aL Bpecie^ of wit 
very mudi attaclijed to an Hiberaiaa humourist,): 
h^ scon scrapedaii afccfwaintaude withi iiis cottn- 
tryinan, ^and brought hki out in the full blow of 

The stranger told them of his birth, parentage, 
and educatiop in Irektid ; "^ of his bring originally 
designed for a priest, and following aaUtxcle of his 
tp Frajic^ .who was in that.profes3ion, for that- 
purpose : that luckily his uncle died, ind left him. 
at liberty; to, fojlow the;prc3ression of his soul,' 
which was the army : that he afterwards listed iu 
the Prussian service, and was in mo^t of the early' 
battles of the great Frederick, who Rewarded him 
with ft, .lieutenancy for his services^ and.thathe 
was ju3t:Come over to Englapd to receive a legacy 
left hiiB by a cousin of; his >motheir>, who was a 
cheesemonger in the Borough4" , , , 

Toi tills account he'gave them a joug list of }n%\ 
ainours both in Francie ami Prussia* aeccompaai^^ 
with some humorous Irish songs, as made hiift, 
on the whole, .a most diverting character. With'. 
all this, he was so e5J:tr^mely simple and unsuspi-. 
cious, that when Macklin (who pasised himself 
off for an EngUshman all thei ^hile) attributed his 
succiwse^with the ladies from having a tail behind, 


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as cotnmon to all Irishmen, he instantly pulled 
olF his coat and waistcoat, to coiivince him of his 
mistake, assuring him, "that no Irishman, in 
that respecty was better than another man." 

Macklin, who seldom wanted observation in 
his profession, sa\^ that this was a character who 
would stand prominent in a Comedy, He there- 
fore helped to draw him but in all his absurdities, 
till he had satisfied himself in sketching the full 
outline of the portrait. The next day he commu- 
nicated his idea to Barry, who so much approved 
of it, as to offer to play the principal character 
himself; and, by way of encouraging Macklin 
to go on, offered him a wager of a rump and do- 
zen,- he would not produce a dramatic piece upon . 
that subject in the course of three months* 

The wager was accepted; and Macklin, ac- 
cording to his own account, produced a Comedy 
of five acts, sketched out in plot and incidents, 
without, having all the jparts of the dialogue filled 
up, in the course of six weeks; which Barry was 
so pleased with, that he paid him his wager; 
Macklin pledging himself, at the same time, to 

finish it before the end of the season. 


Though Macklin's outline of " Loye a la Mode'* 
was thus planned, and highly approved of by Barry, 
for whom the principal character was intended^ it 

Q was 

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.twaB far fnwa -bdiig imifiFtea. Iji t^ie cti4y/p«t ^ 

,Jris authorship, MuckliB bad siifflBPad from haaly 

akeibchce;; and he saemed to be -detertniBad, i© 

respect i«) the .'p»MC»(t ^roe, to giw it wer^ IwmI 

of attention in his power. 

Hts £irst defiign vas to mo/fee it « ^ay ^ fi^ 
#c?ts, and he iiftd disposed the tmiines* of it » 
tba* t»an»er, Honrcvor, befiwe he brote^ ifr 
before the ey« of the ipwhic, ^ deteCTiiwed t# 
:tafce advke^ ftnd as there was tiobody *q whom 
lie ooittld with mof e ft-iewdship nmd propriety ed^ 
lircsss himself than Mr. MidrpJay, who was, and i% 
cottsVdered as fO&e lof t)iur first ^laihatic wfiteri^ 
Jie \vffote «t better inviting him to tdbe ivitb hi» 
flOkfi a loea'tain day, in ondcr ta sitia JKidgm^nt^w 
his Cwpedy. 

This was in the«iunmer of .176GL Mtti^hybad 
i^auniry k)d:^ngs <m Kew LaAe, and Maeklia iumI 
bis 'd^i^gh^er hv^ «ipan lUchBtaud HiU. Thejr 
uwt tw€> hoar« befope dinoaer for this piwpase, 
' wjben Macklin begaa, witli grea4: gwvi^y, to re«i 
hifi piece, ^rsrt reqeesting the Critte " to we tlic 
pruBAttg knik, if necessary, with aa wtf^cing 
hand. ** Murphy icooi?di»gly jcafled iixr pen, koi:, 
and paper; and as Macklin read, he made his re- 
ToarkiSt They* had jwt . prooj^deid hxig m this 
nwittocr, whmMptckhn (ivho, fwmib&bt^^xmBig,' 
was on. 4iie WteHaofak of ©s^eetattioo) talted 
' . \ . out, 

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daie/' •' No, Sir,^ said tb€ other; *^ read 
tbcougbi and thea I viU sbew you my remsrks.^' 
UackHm'ls ta^atience could not 'Vt^.elt brook tbis 
de^f^ askd Jbe talked ^* df his heifving a rod over 
Hub, and that he ^hov^ like to have some^- 
imtmcfit a£ inis £iite, and not, perhaps, be d— «'d 
dto^cdier..^' Murpby femonstratM upon this, and 
toJd hbri^ *^ tbat a$ bis Comedy could not1>e well 
^^idged of tiH it was entirdy read, so his critieism 
▼ould he imperfect tfU the whole W2ls equally fi- 
nished." "Welly Sir, (said the growfingaxithof,) 
I have put myself in your power— go on." He 
accordiit^ljr i^ead tiircmgh bis piece, when Mur- 
phy garvie the foUmriBg judgment 

^ llha* iie in gC9ie^ approved of the plot, the 
diaracte£s^ and their appropriate discriminations : 
Imt that h0th plot and characters suffered consi* 
itsnhl^ fjMMn being -drawn out \ntoJhe nets. From 
tW' extension, the business lingered ; and that 
^t which would b^ ptioduced by the bustle and 
iQcident of a twonoei piecCy must suffer from a fur- 
ther eoniiniu^LticMu'' 

Macklin remonstrated strongly against this, 
and imade along disiserlation on the different di- 
viaianft ©f Comedy; its beginning, ntiddte, and 
^iri; itsi intricacias, demumeW, kc. kc. but in 
vainj Muiphy Jiekl his fti^ndsiiip and juilgment 
Q 2 too 

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m^ M£M0IR5 OF. 

^ highly ;^d yield to what ho-*boughl£ >pirtial of 
f^&e r^asoBidg; he positively told Kim; ' ** thaiafe 
was his opinion, it must be cut down to a iarce^ 
^Ot give it * greater bhance of success, axid tked 
\& had no doubt of its bringiiigi him both profit 
and reputation." This did nfet convince, and, the 
conference broke off. Before they parted, bOw* 
ever, Macklin requested a copy of his 'remarks in* 
Tfriting; said /*he would give them a further conr 
^ideration; and if he still found himself positive 
in his first opinipn, he must reject them; if the 
contrary, he would adopt them.'* ' • ' i 

In a day or two afterwards meeting Murphy, 
he told him, he was by no means convinced o^ 
the justness of his criticisms ; but that he would 
make one more trial, by laying his piece before 
his friend Mr. Chetwynd, who lived at Moulsey- 
hurst; a gentleman of fortune and talents, and 
well known atthat time as one of the first tfteatri-' 
caV critics. He accordingly did so; and Chet- 
wynd agreeing with Murphy, that it should be 
reduced to an afterpiece, Macklin at leilgth yidd- 
ed, and brought it out, in that shape, the ensuing 
winter at Drury Lane. 

,, The name of Chetwyndy though nowi^mem-* 

. hered by few — very few of the dramatic amateurs 

-^fornied too conspicuous a figurd in the annals 

oC polite hterature to be omittidin this place. ^He 


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i^sl a getitteihan of Vfei^ considerable • family tocP 
fortone, wh6^6d i^^ith t^e first witsirid scholctrg^ 
6f hfe time<;^ a Irian of d*eplearning,'''qfaigk cBiti^ 
prehciisiouy and most agreeiblecbnVers^on.\ Hftf 
generally made'oneof Fbote-s select (ibhv^\^lal«paf^ 
ties; which otAwl^wise . consisted of ^ tfce Jate Dii^ 
Schomberg, Mr. Murphy, 'and thie fetef Sip Frarid$i 
Delava?;- These the humorist used ^td call tlW 
quintetto; and- in 'the company of ^ such it m^jr^^ 
well be supposed there were few " heavy hours." 
>Poote aiwaya/gal^ 'tJie-pahn of schdla^ship to 
Gb€!t*ryildj' whilst; ai t^^steie tiilie, he allowed^ 
bim-liis^piroportkynate^ share of wit and prleasaiitry.- 

•t[) -; • ! • '-. ' M '\ /'v/ ,' ^ ' ■ > •'' ' ' ' ''' */' . • -'* 

- Mr. CbekWytiSd ^li Country residence was Moulsejf-* 
hutsty Mrhich W^s'the retreat of his Kt^raty friend*^ 
in- 6ij^itier; ^a^ld in the* winter, for their accom- 
modation, as well as his own,- he had lodgings in 
town. His judgment and taste in dramatic mat- 
ters was^ decisive ; arid though wedd not know that 
1^ wrote any thin=g himself beyond *sothe fugitive? 
pieces, . whatever autho^ bad h1§ approbatiorf, was- 
pl^tty WfeHi sefcored of Ms pass{)ort to fantey ■ • 

. But: niriAiar leaming,{idr itdents,- or the easyt 
accommodations of :^rtone, will sometimes afford' 
content.;. He Tnartied, aather late in life, 3. wo-' 
man much younger than himself; and though he* 
lived to near fourscore years of age, (a time of life 
when love,; arid'ril its joys-and anxieties, are ge- 
... Q 3 nerally 

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Ber^lly at rest^) he was ^qt imaeaisiblf lo the paa^ 
von of jealousj. Wheti^e;f tbisr a^Ofse fi^m sttspi^ 
cion,) or convictioB, it is diflScult to telH M Ito 
i^Tcr brought the subject uE^ef jwroper disc!as<» 
fiion; butthe ,conse<}ueQC$ was fatal to h'lm; it 
fif$t pre3'^e€l upon hi$ temper, asid lendered bnii 
peevish aod unsocial; he next gr^\^ carelese of faiiT 
person ; an4 was at times so abseRt^ ^ td be i**» 
seasible to every tlwug around hidi. 

. Hk old con>panioBS.saw thi&cbangey atKl wifth^ 
ed to dmf^ tb^ seciret frcAn bim^ ii^ordefi if pcis^f 
sible, to cure hiim: Init it lay to<>*ftearbi», hearty 
and, by constant brooding over it, instead of de- 
creasii>gy^ ^^ it awwie the meat it ^ Ofl^^; .H^at 
liBst fT>tn>ed bi& 6nai resolution, wbicblvi^tf^i toge< 
rid of a^ life tha;t,. every day; gaVe hm iifrthiogp birf 
additional tdriflenls. . : 

For this purpose, became from the country to 
bis houac ii> <}errard Stt'eet^ Sobo, attended oply 
by pneseryant: here he liv^ three. days by bim^r 
self, by can(Jle^ljgbt, i>evt0^fl!ering the vvimlow-i 
shutters to be opened, or ever going regularly to 
bed. On the, fourth day^ early in Ae tnomiilg, 
he sat down Jb^fbue bis bed-^cfaambeiiife,! and rest^ 
ing a borse^pistol in his aiibuthy instattly putai?, 
end to bia existence. . '' , 

His servant heard the report cif the pistol, and 
imtnediately ran up stairs— but the deed was not 


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oil^ 4lMe; ^ut fbctned at sftcctacle too hoorid to 
be kwrbcd at Hsuving hoNicled: the pistol with i 
in«rs o^ baUs,, and, as It iasappoaed^ put thtt 
anmle isutoi bis moatfa^ tl^ casp^ioiL wast sa 
£»rcifbie as ta carty off aboffie tiis h^ilf of his skull^ 
ad. left Uai Kttle more tbaat a iHumn tanuftk^ 
stocsKraBg' with gore. 

In addiRg tlmnistatKce to tke laaigKstfiif thoai 
wha kave imfbrtui^ately &Uc»Tictini9 ti^^/etiftiiuyi 
kt tt ke remembeiedr st tke same thnr, '^ that 
every. oU man who mamies & young ^roman, lajil 
Umsdf tke comer-firtone of his wifcfs iofdd'it^/'^ 

But to rttisni to Mackliik-^The auecetf «f 
'^ Loire ft b Mode^'' in theend^ fuUjr answemdl 
fais cxpectatixHis ; £or though there were some {mex> 
jodtces against the Auttkor ia the beghmiogv 
bdgliteiied, peihaps^ by Ike partiality be has 
skmnni bi» coaiuty, the good taste oi the town not 
enty tcrmznated m his favour^ but koenght con** 
«dcmklp i*e{)ptatkxii and. emolumeiit to tlie:vmtcxv 

Q 4 Tb0 

* Hm Account fans beto^arHf contratiieOnl b^ra I«dy oacbur 
tiie sigtiatuce of C,^ H^ stating, that JVJx Chc^wynd was naver 
aarried; and that it wa» the extreme pains of thegout^ to which 
b^ was subject twice a year, that imiuceirhim to commit that 
fatal action: but the Editor of these Memoirs had the above fact 
m stated from a friend of Mr. Ghetucynri, wbo H?ed in greet in- 
tiinac}r wi^^lMi at the time V aoii vkir i« tiKi^aii^ 
aky^ Dot to be relied oq« 

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. : The critical objection to this farce seemed to 
bCy in giving to his hero, who is an Irishman, a 
degree of ai&ction for his mistress, of a purer and 
mom disinterested nature than the Englishman, 
the Scotchman, and the Jew, who were his rivals; 
pontrary to the received opinion, */ that the Irish 
are generally fortune-hunters*" To this we reply^ 
that if the Author meant to fall in with this vul- 
gar opiirioD, he might have succeeded with hss 
fiauger^ but it should be remarked, that Mack^ 
Jin did npt draw his character from the common 
herd of .needy adventuring Irish, who are ready, 
to, any thing in the way of fortune, but 
from a purer source. His hero had been educated 
In the. simple manners of the interior part of Ire- 
&nd, where an unsuspicious temper, courage, 
generosity^ and fidelity, are qualities that seem pe-p 
jfuliarly^ congenial to that soil. From thence he 
is transplanted into the military line, which is no 
bad aoil for the further culture of those qualities: 
so I that, ovL the. whole of such an education, it is 
no ; wonder Jie: should carry away the prize from a 
polish Jockey^ an unfeeling Jew^ and an avaricious 
Scotchman. The qualities that are attached to 
this - s|)ecie* of character form the distinction ; 
and this disttnctibn, in our opinionj^^ is rationally 
§nd dramatically preserved in '* Love a la Mode." 

But,, as a fjarther prpqf that prejudice, more than 
sound priticism, operated upon this piece, when 

\ its 

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its success could no longer beVitlistobd, it was 
said to be none of his own^^tl^ last resource of 
ill-nature, and which has t)een occasionally char- 
ged to the best authors, horn the days of Virgil 
to the pFcsent times. If it ^s not his-^^*^fi6se 
was it? An author is ^eneraHy as unwilling to: 
part with his literary as his^ landed property, and: 
sometimes more so, as the former gi^s a celebri- 
ty which mere money cannot bestow; beside, it is* 
now above forty years since the piece has received 
its public protection, and no living witness — nay; 
** no ghost from the grave, '*^ has stepped forward 
to claim it. 

^ The title of this play, however, is not new to^ 
the Stage, as there was a Comedy called " Love 
a la Mode" acted at Middlesex House in 1663, ie 
is said, with great applause. This Comedy, there 
is every reason to believe, Macklin never saw; and 
if he did, could not avail himself of the materials, 
which are totally of a different specips from the. 
»K)dem characters which he has introduced, and 
which are evidently the growth of his own times; 

In the 'winter of 1762,- Macklin having ail en- 
. gagement at Crow-Street Theatre, carried this 
afterpiece with him to Ireland,, and there had 
an opportunity of performing his original promise, 
by consigning the part of Sir Callaghan O'Bral- 
laghan to his friend Barry; Squire Groom to 


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Woo^wai'd^ tm^ Eea^ Mordecaa td Measkih ; i^tiikt 
Ibe F€taiia^ the chat^iatcx of Sir ^leby M'Sarcasn 

Never mtbb a Kttle piece cast with grwtM 
ttrength; particulM}^ ^)^ P^^^ ^^ Sis CaHagkni 
by BaTry. It iras jJ^jriiy the charactet.of the 
player hhnsrfp m hti coavmal Huoauente;, fior m 
he es;cfelled in telUi^g bmnouraa^ stof ies relaJ^ice 
la Irishmen and their Wanders, he Jcoew how tcr 
fill up art the minuti©. of fcbe picture to ad vaWagc- 
The hferblsm of hk fi^e, aad the frankoeas of 
his mariners, gave that finish to the whblev whicb 
rendered it as perfect a piece of acting as perhaps 
ever i«?a«r exhibited:* The tbx^n follmv^d it with 
^ua})ati]% cuiriosa^y fot a whole w^mter, a^ one ctl 
their fijevci-feilhig dished of entertainflieftt. 

The very great succress of tlw piece itiduced 
Macklin to bring out another farce the next 
year, of equal cdebrity, entitled, *' The Tnw 
Bom Imhman/' Thfe prfacipal clKtracters of 
i¥hich were ias foilov: - 

MorrougH O^Dohetty, - 

M», UMCMlJfff* 

Counsellor HamiUoQ, 

Mr. AicKiK. 

Count Mash room, 

Mli, RVDEEr 


. ' ■ ' 

Mrs-. Doherty, 

Mas. Dakcer, 

(tb^ late Mrs. 




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The AtsAgtK of tfcisr piete, was to ridicule tfc« 
affectation of die Irish fine hiUcB of J^skioo oa 
thdr nrfuria ftcwi Englaaorf, (where thqr aare 
never supposed to reside above a month or two,) 
aping* tbe pretliinciafeicni and'.maFBons a£ tlie 
EngliA, ia contempt of tbck orww native didect 
aaid cnalfHUs; To this Wscraidded the diaiactes 
oS^pr^udked Englishman, who saw every thing 
In Ljefanid with^ior jaandie»l, an eye—** Tliat tht 
foh WM. too' new Sor him-^tkc cfartt too light^^ 
and the woolen. Ao/idW 

'Thepai^ii^eadmiraUy soiatidned. MMrough 
oi>«heity,, an liosptotUB Iikdi country Gentle^ 
wan^ ^^f unaffected manners/ was happily hit off 
hy MdckKn^ who. knew the points of such: a cha-i 
racter^ and gavet^iheoiLa foil eolotiring both in thie 
writing and acting Coim t Mushroom was meant 
toridkuie kLc. Hamilton^ (technically calted 
Single Speech Hamilton^) who jras then Seerc^ 
tary to the Earl of Halifax, Lord Lieutenant 
0f Ivefoad It! was reckoiied a strong likeness; 
and Rydei >^a8i ai. that time, ia tbe light fintafitic 
characters of Cknnedy; in high reputation. But 
the part whic& attracted the greatest applause of 
alW wais Mrs; Dancer in. Mrs. Dohcrty : she wad 
then in tbe hloom of youth and. beau tjr, and, with 
(orthec high qnaJifications of precession, posseted 
fk vivacity of manner and countenance that wa!^ 
Kiesistible": she had likewise^ from her residence 
in Ireland, acquired that pleasing part of the lan- 

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286 " MEMOIRS dr 

gsiage. which is called ^^ the BtoguCy" and which, 
mixed with her x>wii native aiundation,^ was the 
ircxy character the 4«*hor coidd have wished for. 

- The success of these pkces lifted Macklin ra- 
ther high in the public e^iirtation; and not only 
amongst the generality of playhouse frecfuenters, 
tut. people of the first fashioii and coiisideratiofiv 
In**' The True Bom Irishman," opposition courted 
him for caricaturbg a person who, from his xrfficc^' 
generally becomes obnbxious to. them; whibt 
those on the side of Government, to show they 
fklt nothing. peisOndl ^in X^tint Musbraam^ not 
only constantly :^e^u£bate)d; tlie iTheatre wheri 
this, piece wafi acted, but entdrtain£d theiAuthoc 
ajtithdr houses, and; attended him'/onihii.benefit 
8%hfcs ;i and in this list waa^Hanilltoa hiinself, wio 
being omeof the first to laojgh, took ofFy in a gr»t 
jnea^ure, the ddgree bfridiculewhidlwohld other* 
^e attach to htm. ./ _ . v... » u, .' 

nBut though the morits of ^ tbisdiftle draiiiatnet 
^itfe^such deserviadiuecjeslsinllraafndj it shared a 
contrary fate: in.Loiwibn: a ftw/yjeara afterwards, 
under the xbaracter:6f f'.Theirislk KneLady;'-' 
and b<>th audiences werei perhaps right in their 
different decisions. In Ireland, it mostly touched 
upon /oea/ circumstances, which, though naturally 
and accurately drawn,* were only known to the 
natives, and by, them relished in a degree propor-, 

2 , . tioned 

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tibned to that knowledge— it had likewise the de- 
grfee of personality to support it ; always a. sure in* 
gredient, though temporary, in popular estiiha* 
tion ; whereas in England, it had none of those 
powerftil supports: the mixed idiom of the Brogue 
and the Cockney had no charms for John Bull/ 
and the personal ridicule of an Irish Secretary of 
State, was totally out of his contemplation: iti 
short, it was one of those kind of plants that was 
so truly indigenous as not to beat transplantatioii,* 
an<i it accordingly soon withered in a foreign 

Macklin, however, could well bear this disap- 
jj^intment; as he not only got reputation by it in 
hisE native country — ^but pudding with his praise; 
a t68t of merit which authors are always ready to* 
allow as such, when they receive it, though not 
so^much when it does not accomp^any the labour 
of their performances. For this, and his " Love 
a la Mode,'* to be played at the option of the 
Manager, he was to be paid at the rate of 30l. per 
week; and this money, if required, to be paid every 
Saturday morning at the Treasin-y Office, Crow- 
Street Theatre. ^ ^ 

The punctuality of this agreement went on for 
somfe time pretty regular; but as Batry (whatever 
his profits might be) always thought paying his 
ictors, or tradesmen, " as only making them trou- 

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g9$ usuqi^B ov 

mesame/' Maddioi on th^ S^Ulxda^ymofpkl^ 
was frequently told, ^^ the treswroer wa« out ,ef 
the iiray*^bat he wai| fticki &c/' x^irapme 4HJber 
excuse, bj which he could Bpfg^ hb pionfgr,,' 
lidackjin* bowevei^ who was alwajrg '^^ ma^ 0i 
the ifirorid/' asd who hadlpBg he£pre taJken full 
soeaaure of liii Mauager, was m>t at a lo^s fp^ jiit 
xemedy, aud wasaecordiQglj4eten»i^^Qptto^ 
^edupe of such. artifice. HetW:efore rouoi^jr 
demajoded^ why he w^ uqt paid; asfiiertii^ wfUl 
au ojithy " that if he was mt, aod tijat reg^larljr^ 
according to agreement, he would take hin^ifilf 
and his pieces to the other house.'* 

Barry uow fbuad he must wake 4. ijew tack ; and 
as he was ^dless m his arts.of fencing ^aiu$t 
an inapoxtunate creditor, thought of a sdpi^nftfi of 
operating on his fears — in order to dday the pay^- 
meut. Accprdiiigly, he frankly acknowJedged ^ 
the services which his/ ferces did the hou/5^ bf^ 
sides the benefits of his other pe^forniaww, j fo? 
bothtof which he was Teiy re?uiy tf> fulfil his ev 
gagements with him.-^" But, a»y dkaf Muie^'^ 
added he, ^' as you Jrre ahoiive two miles ^t rf 
town, (Macklin had at this time c^ft^j lodgr 
ings,) and as it is well known that you do so, thc( 
takiAg down ;^uch 9. sum ^s thirty fioufuh ^ytry 
Saturday night, suh^ts you very a»uch;to j^ 
robbed, and perhaps otherwise jil^^eat^ 'hy tjiisf 
way ; tJ)ewfftFC:jJ:yjCiU^^ hotter let jpijr n^ni^y iKe 


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m Ae tnefttorf;, ^wjbicfa you aenay conunaoid at ^ 

Biackian loesmi diis ndrth oue of his nsukl sa.p- 

K^%tic grins; and puling a large dasp knife out 

aT dm ^Qckft, ciied^ ^^ Look'ee here, Sir— lierc 

is my remedy against thieves — ^The man who al> » 

tempts to rob me, shall have this steel in his belly 

firtt---^o~No^Nd K)b>heracs'!'' "Well, but, my 

^ke^r Mae^" cried Barry, '^ consider, detcamined 

M yovL are, ^u ane but one man, and these fd^ 

h^ws ^ m gangs, so iktat your knife win do no* 

tioingBgaijistiwuiifoers." ** Very true, Sir—But, 

zSomxig aU this to be true, I have ^tiU but a 

€:kMnee of beiBJg cobbed ton the lughii^y-^whereas 

in thefOther caise, my diear Spctnger, (bokiug him 

fiiill in the fasitj) you know the/e is z. certainty of* 

mj bong rokbed in taam: therefore FU dmsb the 

feast risque. Pay mc my noKMatcy, ea*, by G'^-oi, 

Vmi MO longer yojur actor. " 

Barry finding it was in vain to parry a man of 
km »dcterniiajed itrnftr 2aiy longer, was obliged to 
cowipdy : and both parties found their account in 
tihc accomuiodatioo. 

Established as tibfe Afenagers of Crow-Stneet 
Aotttght Macklin was in their Theatre, with such 
a weekly receipt, and so gr^at a feivourite of die 
t9WB, Jiis ^d and xiever*-Jceasipg itcii of change 
* 3 and 

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aad variety led him to. turn his flioughts. to 
Smock- Alley Theatre, then under the- manage- 
ment of the late Henry Mossop ; an actor now 
little knoxm but by his misfortunes and his follies^ 
but who, ;n. particular lines, divided the laurels 
with those of the ablest atid jnpst celebrated in 
his profession. 

Henry Mossop was born in Dublin, and edu-^' 
cated at Trinity College, where he had a consid^.* 
i^le reputation for talents and learning. ITie 
dramatic mania, which raged from Garrick's first 
trip to Ireland, and which was much iui^reased by 
the additional abilities of Barry and Sheridan, had 
caught young Mossop, who, though originally de* 
signed for the church, (where he had some pros^ 
pects from family connexions,) made his election 
for the stage ; and, notwithstanding all the en- 
treaties of his friends to the contrary, piade his 
first appearance in Zanga at Smock-Alley Theatre, 
in the winter of 1749. 

* Though Mossop, in his figure, did not owe 
n^any obligations to nature, his person was well 
enough adapted to the general line of parts which 
he chose. He possessed, beside, a strong, full, 
harmonious voice, which, tutored by a sound 
judgment, and seconded by great assiduities in 
^is profession, soon raised him to the first class* 
From a long and previous study of the chajacter 


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ofZangdy which ficcmed fttosi; bap!J)ilJ' suited tor 
his po#erd, h^ almost reactifed perfection on the 
Tfery first night of hie appearance; as thrpugh thef 
whole course of the play, he met \^ith the most 
Unbounded and merited applause; The public 
saw in Jiim a genius for the stage, which, maftured; 
By science, promised every thing which tlK^jfro- 
fe^ioti C6uld bestow* He' did not disappoint 
fli^ir hopes. His subsequent clmmctbrs, though^ 
Bot so^ highly reUshed, or Congenial to his natural 
abilities, afe Zanga, yet all partook of excellence : 
fee town followed him with a kind of tage the 
whole of the l^eason ; and as he was regularly sup* 
ported by the young Gentlemen of the College, 
Me^ Was one <if the most profitable $eas6ns to the 
Manager h^cver txpcjrieiicedj being two thousand^ 
jlounds mdrc than afny of the preceding yean. 

TbbiigH Mossdp had' established his reputation 
^ afirst-rafe actor, had- his choice of parts, with 
a salairy proportioned to his merit, yet, on soma 
trifling dispute with the Manager, he left him on 
the close of the season, and coming over to Eng- 
land, got an ebgagement at Drury-Lane Theatre 
on very advantageous terms* 

He chose Richard in. for his debut; andthougK 
it often happens that the fame of an actor on the 
Other side the water does not bear an equal value 
here, yet Mossop's excellence was of that sterling 

R merit, 

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siuerit, at to fm» <^nmeu m ^ray Qounti^^ Ha 

wiiJbljiaiuiiBg tiw(9: dijEcuHw?,. ht w^ r^f^wed 

UQtc to the highest iMjr, gj^ve greajt «9sr^ asiA 
. dlgttilyjt(> thedialogwe;.^!^. though fe© ^^^Aoft 
a&ow.all tb^ v«««ft3bitt^) wHch Garri<?k e:3pJiibit«H 
in thi$.ch4ra<3feer, y^t hjp level spsaking, ^<J 4ficl»n 
majof y aip^eclSK^ pwsiesiaed ii Q0lw3fifJerftJil^i^w^. «(f 

' . . . • f .... 

critics) to b« MM^if^ti! Ti^iif; Y)as,9<.pi-uifW «( 
turbulence, and jealousy, in the natural character 
Qf( the man, thM «««a»«4 1». .CQn)espo»<l'w^thc 
fiBel»»g5toi[. the actqr; a»4ftoigi tbe OM^nyiiP^ Ym 
(^1^4 thp play tQ ita la«t »$<«ii«^. henei^l tesfc 
sigjifc of tJle pa^Dk ** It. ^i^„ in, feflt»j i^,nia«iliern 
pieiee:^ and.bis >»^*ld l»w«t ofps^dy, ^fiMwyt-. 
l«4g^ .aqd j)ii4ti/l«ci in t]jke|ii0^acjt« ^Mmih e)WQ(^ 
auditor with a degree qf ^sAofljahin^nkt*"' 

rToZ«»<^ fo)loi»red Piefre» teiYQuifis ^tmm^* 
vjh^ro, bjf bis fuJl-^one^ vQifiCj. awiflliQf»gi«eefB8ji 
sipfi><»f:seQt)iTO(en}i, hft gaM6 u^oi»9)WL,s|^r^.tO) 

Digitized by 



the ^rmtlYatl^ pasaion (^ die charadief ; ondthir 
the iutervieMT with the oonspiraOofs in the third 
act, «h#ew a galUmtty into his action as strikm^ 
as it was unexpected^ By-the*bye, this scen^ 
wtiich ' no^t only dttV6)o{>es great part of tbd nlan 
busweas of the^lay^ but is other^lea fine picturti 
hf the different chahteters of the conspirator^ 
waa formerly jnaeh disgrace^ by Pieriis's ad^res^ 
sing one of the conspirators in the - following 


/ ^ Of then t .stitk A$l Itan> UfAhered f Adt i^ 

On this ckfctleoge^ aji aetor (whi> was selected 
for the purpose) of a most unfortunate figure 
with a pale countenance, stood up with a halfi* 
dra^Fn sirord,. mid presenting himself to the 
audience^ turned diis fiile sceite into a burst <if 
iSdicule^ The fiun|OUs TonjrAston^ the wdl 
knotfn itinerant C^ttnedian, was the last performer 
of this abMid part 

Mossop's reputation being fui\y established iil 
these partS) Gutidk^ with his usual judgment^ 
selected otheri fbr him^ which would ecfimlly add 
ti»^the AetoVs ftamv ^d the Manager's treasury; 
sudi as Oiled in tliel^geof Damascus^ the Duke 
in Measure for Men^ure, Mcmwm in the Amhi^ 
tious Stepmotherj See. &c; But> iiol:withstanding 
bis aUo^Td excelleiice in all these parts, he was 
R2 not 




jiot satisfied in the mche he filled at this Theatre.^ 
Wii^ther it was that he envied 3arry his success 
in the brctr and the hcro^ or that his ambition led 
bim to aspire to general excellence,, lie would 
make the experyaaent, and that experiment failed : 
bis tones were totally unfit. for tenderness, orjoy^^ 
gaiety, or vivacity; nor did his solemn tread, and 
forrijal figure,, corre^ond with such characters^ 

But although the town and the Manager knew 
his unfitness for tliese parts, he either did not, or 
affected not^ to kriow it himself: he was ever too 
much the dupe of his own flattery ; but in this 
instance he had the assistance of an injudicious 
^quaintance* • 

Mr. Fitzpatrick, a Gentleman of independent 
fortune, and a ei-itic of some note in his time^ 
having had soine trifling dispute with Garrick aj 
a club they belonged to, was mean enough to 
carry his resentments to the actor, and, like all 
men possessed of the spirit of malice, sought his 
fevfange at the expence of his judgment; hence 
he exposed bimi^lf,' by almost daily criticisms oa 
the action and elocution of Garrick. The town 
fetghed at these impotent attempts ; but, fed by 
diis own vanity and. resentment, he went bn:*and 
Mossop imagining himself injured by Gajrrick, 
Jitzpatrick took him up as an engine to fight his 
quarrels, and a new vehicle for his invective. 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

CUAELE8 UACKLllff. £45 

. With this malicious view, he ndt only faiagni-* 
fied Mossop's talents for the more imperial partt 
of tragedy, but in the softer scenes of love aud 
tenderness ; and that it was to reserve the cha- 
racter of an wmt?er^/ oc/or cxclusrvely to himself^ 
ivhich induced Garrick to shut hini o\kt from 
those superior claims. ^ 


What could induce Fitzpatrick to carry hi* 
resentments against Garrick, even at the ex pence 
of duping the man whom he called his friend and 
protegee, will be best explained by the following 

Ktzpatrick was a considerable supporter of what 
was then humorously called ** the fourth Estate 
of the Constitution ;" that is, he was k member of 
" Tlie Shakespeare Club,** which consisted of a 
number of critics, who occasionally resorted to the 
Bedford Arms," and who, being awa/^wrij of our im- 
mortal Bard, under this title, added to their convi- 
vialities the pleasures of the drama, and dramatic 
criticism. Garrick was likewise a leading member ; 
when one evening it, being proposed to dedicate 
some peculiarmarksof honourfrom theirSociety to 
the memory of Shakespeare, a Gentleman moved, 
** That as Mr. Garrick, who was allowed to be a 
great admirer, and the best speaking commenta- 
tor, of the poet, was absent, a business of that 

R 3 kind 

Digitized by 


249 . KEH0IH8 or 

kind should be postponed till another bppor- 

ThisflredFltepatrick, who, feeling too warmly 
Xllit comparative merit between a liberal and^ 
what he might think, a nkrcenary critic, rej^lied, 
** that he wondered any gentleman should propose 
deferring the business of the Club on account of 
a member's absence, who was ^rteiinly the most 
imignificcmt person that belonged to theit Soi? 
ciety.** Garrick was told this, and called for an 
explanation^ aijd several conference Were held, but 
to no purpose. Fitzpatrick attacked him in ne^i^- 
papers and pamphlets, and so far obtained a vic- 
tofjr over Garrick, by raising a party for prevent* 
ing full price being taken on the night of a reviT^ 
ed play after the third act ; and Garrick had his 
revenge in turn; first, by the publication of a po- 
em df his, called, ^* The Fribbleriad," inwhicis> 
with considerable humour and vivacity, he play^ 
vith the character oiFitzgig^ the hero ; and next, 
by the poetical interference of his friend Churchill,, 
who, in his rough, broad, satiric manner, depict 
ed Fitzpatrick as one of the very yomis of the 
creation. ^ 

Under such a seducer, Mossop^s plain, unsuspir 
cious, yet proud temper, could not long be at 
rest : he constantly demanded such characters as 
were ^tally unfit for him, whilst Garrick as con- 
ftaTxtly remonstrated on his impropriety; and 


Digitized by 


-hrbtghl lAib Koeij»€9 6f tfhe tpenaufry <ia thoiie 
wights be ))layed etch t>harattei:s as the beat 
toachers ibr what he asserted. Thi$, h^wbver, 
brought no conviction to Mossop*s mind — 'twas 
*' all for L&de, or the ^vwld \tre\l lofet"— He quitted 
Dfrury^Lame Theittte with diagust^ and went to 
Irfelandy Whete, for tine or two season^ he f^layefi 
with considerable sutce^s. 

<^ his ri^utn to Ldtaidohi bbout the year 1769, 
<TaTritk^ fongettiiig all rivil Jeatonsjes^ &g^i>i 
sougM htm, and a)^in reinstated him in his 
ibrmer parts ; but the diannon cff dissatisfaction 
stHl .pursued hih^v^nd in 1761) he twitted Druiy 
Labe and tlib English Tbiaitl^ &n tvtt, in search 
of Irish advintutes* 

BalTjand Wo^odwArd kt thSs time lyere joint 
MaoJigers of Ch>w-Sti«t Thfeatre, Dublin, an(i 
knowing Mosstip's tibiiitiek, ktd that they would 
cki^ fess with Ban^*s powers than *^ith Garrick's, 
wer^ glad to ehgagr him at^ <ibnstderable salary* 
.Tbe arrstngeknent of their plan Was weU laid ; and 
Mossop's abilities being directed to a right point, 
their list of Tragedies were strengthened in such 
aikmnnei^ as to aflbrd the highest ebtertainment 
to th^ nmateur9 df the dfamit As an e:ftempK$« 
cationiy tsdce the following cast of parts t Ventidius 
-to Barry's Mate Antony, Pierre to his JaflSer, 
Cltam^^nt to hi^i C^talib, I^aiiet Xti his Tamei^ 

R4 lane. 


zSd by Google 

3*8 . '■ UZMCIM Of 

lane, Horatio to lib Lothario, Caled to hisl%oi-> 

eyas, &c* &c. In short, Imperial Tragedy, for 

» such partft, perhaps, was never better sustained* 

^ The Stage thus ably supported, Mossop's.lbf- 
iune and reputation were at full tide, till his un- 
'happy genius again crossed him in the idea of be- 
coming a rival Manager. Barry and Woodward 
were the first who saw this, and saw in it conse- 
quences that wcAild be fatal* to both Thcati-es. 
To prevent this^ they made Mossqp thA tempfr 
' ing offer of a thousand pounds^ pkrwrnum^ with the 
restriction of ohly playing twibe a week, to relin- 
quish his scheme — ^but in vain—** out QesWy aut 
*nullm''-^Ther€ should be but one Thesitre in li:idr 
land, and he would be at tlie head of it .TW, 
was not only the language of his Own vanity, but 
of a number of fashionable feniales who protected 
him, and who, without either judgment or.dtf cre- 
tion, would take him from almost a sinecure sir. 
tuation, to place him at the head of Smock Aliey 
Theatre, under all the responsibilities of such an • 
undertaking, and wiih a rival and established 
Theatre in opposition* 

Tlie scandalous chronicle of the day gave liker 
M'ise other reasons for Mossop being prevailed on 
to becoitie Manager^ Several of tlicse females 
were deep gamblers; and as they had a certain de- 
gree of influence ffom their fashion^ axid interest 
' amongs^ 

Digitized by 


:am<«g^ 4heir ttade^n^n, to favour the receipt* 
eOf his hous^, he would be the better cnaWirf to 
' become thdr dupe in another way. A welUcnown 
Countesd (long since called to a reckoning, for 
this and othdr loose accounts) was at the head of 
-this party, and is said to- have played the part of 
-at r^Ar with great rapacity. Thus, though Mos- 
sop's first season (from novelty, variety, and th^ 
influence of his friends) nominally filled his trea- 
Wry,: he'mtght have parodied the wotds of Mac- 
Jieatii, by saying, " The Stage has done me jusi 
t!cc-*'bitt the gaming-table has been my ruin.'* 

A\ paper war' likewise ensued about this time 
betwcctt Barry and Mossop, relative to <the abrupt 
Wixvaer of the latter's quitting his engagements 
at Crow Street Theatre, in which the lowest and 
mosl scurrilous abu^e took place of all reason and 
i[%um)^nt. The rival newspapers T)eeame io dis^ 
gusting on this account, that the public at large 
took it up,,imd either laughed at, or reprobated, the 
conduct of t th^e soi*disant potentates. The last 
^coi^let of ail epigrath writtep on this odcasioa 
^e remember, a^d which had a considerable share 
in silencing the dispute, was as follows: 

•** Then' w lo Jhe puHk, it i»>ut a toss-iip, 
, ^, Wb^Aeii,*^sop kick Barry— or Barry kick Mossop.'* 

t . • ■ • 

In §hpTt,; TMip, at lastt, was the end of tliis thea* 
If ical experiment; for, after struggling in vain for 


Digitized by 



Bertn ot «Sght ytfa% - and ttk^rninAg *0 ikjkii^p' 
elie Mi^ bj aH mamer of exotic eoiectftiiiilitlit, 
Moa$dp fbulid . himarif , neditCjed to im abioWtfe 
«<^te of bailkniptcjr, add in tlm sttoitiott aivived 
ia Leudoffl^ upoa which place he had 'ia ^ntooljr 
tttrned his back, broken ddwn ia ^dfkit^ tod cbtr- 
MitutioD, atid at tlib mercy of an affrolited Man** 
ger for a livelihood. 

In this state of his fbrtune^ his ftimls tidviaeil 
lam to apply to Mr. Garridk for ah eaga^eifltent; 
urging; that his talents mmt recoamt^nd him to 
any Manager; and that, with economy, and the 
experience of past misfortunes, be had yel time 
enough to extend his reputation^ ztA secure 4 
competency for old age: but his spirit vas toe 
high for this ^)plication ; he replied to his Iri^dds^ 
^ith some cOnsci^is dignity, '' that Garriok knew 
▼evy well that he was in Lobdon ;" jfisinttatiog i^ 
this, that the proposal of an engagement dbouM 
first come from him. Tbe Mabagor, howtfTet^ 
if he knew Mossop was in Londdn, (which he 
ffobably did^) would not know ifc without an 
f^fitiia/iiotiiie; and tibe. season |>^ssed dff withemt 
his making any dngag^netxt 

In the summer of the sam6 yeaf^ MossO[^ ac« 
ceptcd an invitation from a friend (Mr; Sinith, a 
gentleman of considerable fortune, and much at- 
tached to him) to take a tour thtqugh Settral 
- . - . : |iatti 

Digitized by 


pturts of Euroipe. He i^turm^ in ibout*a year 
afterkrAto^^ greatly alleted in spirita and appeat^ 
€Uice. Itistetd of the tmftrtieagie-eyied character 
^ hk ytv^th, be appeaired dnaciated, thoughtful 
imd deji^ted, shutining the oompany of hb ibi^ 
sner iVieiipd and associates, and nursing by hinv- 
3eif the. gloomy metoncholy of hb mitML 

His firiends noir made lanother effort to get an 

^engagement for him at Drury Lane-^-but he 

liquid make no Application himself, though ready 

to receive one. None, hp\vever, being made, his 

friMds thought to force him on the Manager, by 

the p)|ibHcation of a pamphlet, trhcrein the Author 

^ot^only took infinite pains to set Mossop's pa\*- 

ffs m the most striking point of view, but took 

/equal pains to degrade the excdlenciea of a tnan 

i(Grarrick) who was most capable of ienring him, 

>hy an invidious delineation 6f tht decaying facnt- 

4ie9 of his mind< *' The lustre of hid eye," 'twas 

stated, *^ was greatly diminished| and the strong 

expression of his countenance was every day 

wearing out; his voice was husky, broken^ and 

inartidulatd; and, in shott, he was 90 redact in 

all his powers, that be. could not now tread the 

st^ge with any thing like that vigour, with which 

it li^as owned he had fcrmerty been tlie greiiteit 


' Thf malevolence of such a pamphlet^ our rea- 
iders will readily see, could only be equalled by 


Digitized by 


S52 ' MEMOIRS oP ^ ^ 

its foily* Admitting the facts stated to "be true; 
is it txj be suppoised that Garricfc (who of all mfeu 
isras imost alive to fairie) would bring his own Je-^ 
fects more glaringly before the public, .by shew- 
ing them the comparison? Or, sensible of the 
•full vigour of his powers, and in no fear of a 
rival, would he let his enemies see he was trapped, 
or dragooned, by so shallow an artifice ? The at- 
tempt was ridiculous ia the extreme; and is ano- 
ther proof, out of many, how absurd it is for one 
many or a particular party, to lead or force the 
general voice of the public. 

Tfhe attempt of restoring Mossop to Drury 
Lane Theatre, through the aid of a party, and^e 
-publication of an ill-judged pamphlet, failing, he 
had recourse to the Managers of Co vent Garden, 
who seemed, at first, very willing to engage a man 
*<cif his merit, and one who> by performing with 
Barry', could, by their joint weight, give new vi- 
:gouT and variety to many Tragedies. 

But in the arrangement of this business, it was 
^id, that a celebrated Actress at that Theatre 
(Mrs. Barry) positively refused to act in any 
play with this unfortunate man. What could 
be her reason for this resolution it is now difficult 
to tell ! Perhaps she might have received some 
supposed affront from him in Ireland — never to 
be forgiven— or perhaps she might have dreaded 

a rival 

Digitized by 


CHAfttE« macIl£in. 25** 

a rival in Mossop to her husband, who was rtien- 
visibly in the decline of his powers, and princi*^ 
pally engaged through the ascendency of her abi-' 
lities-rtor peiheipscaprke^ which has its peculiar 
influence gn the heroines of the Stage, tnore than- 
any other influence whatsoever. Let the cause 
bt what it will, its effects greatly depressed a i»ian 
under Mossop^sx^ircuznstances. His friends, how- 
ever, advised him to wave this circumstance, and! 
to play wkh any other Actress tlie Managers^ 
might think proper to> assort him \^ith; but their' 
answer was, ** that their business was already^ 
settled, and jd was not in their power to employ 

Wc^hsave related thei above circumstances as the- 
state of Mossop's conduct relative to his theatri- 
cal engagements after his return from Ireland. 
Butfroin'wh^teiveyprinciple he acted upon, in regard 
to his apparent teadiness to engage as a performer, 
we speak from positive knowledge^ that it was not 
pkjfsicaliyin Ms power to fill any part of Tragedy, 
or Comedy, to any advantage at that time, as his 
, power of voice was not only considerably dimi- 
nished, but his whole person emaciated, and in an, 
apparent states of decay. His mind suffered with 
Ks bodily powers,' and he moved and talked very 
litcc a noian approskhing to melancholy madness. 
In this state, it was impossible fior him to fulfil 
tlie. expectations either of the Managers, or the 


Digitized by 


254 litftlCOlRl Qf , 

tf^vTB; tkougii he sitffetedhiA nttne to ht tsisAt: 
use of by hh friends in the negpdiatkmr A fev 
\rfek^ after proved the tmtll of this aasert^D, t as 
]^ feU . a victim to a brofcenhefirt ia the BMntfai 
of November, 1773* 

He saw bis own dtsac^tmn qipioachtn^ fssft^^ 
but concealed it^ and the cxtwme poverty of hit 
purse, from hia iioDst intiiuatefriieuds. Wbeulm 
voice was so hoUow as to be scurcft atidiUe> he 
used to say» ^' be was better;" and when asked 
about the slate of hi6 pecuffibrty matten^ hisrasK 
ftwer was» ^^ be waited notbiiig*" In this ]ingExt^ 
ing state of person and of pul-se^ be was fbumii: 
dead in his bed one morning, at his lodgings in 
the Strand;^ with <^\y fflurp^CR^atfpmmf in his 

After his deitl^ bi3 remaim met wit^ the fokei 
of many men of geoiua and talcnta^ vizw tiudk a£ 
finding pos$kHmou$ patrM^ G^rriek^ it^fac^^by 
engaging him m the begjnnii^ mif^ iist^t^.BaMA. 
hxok from \m is^tty now hmeoted bb fof1ora)£J>nA 
dition, aini offered t^ bury him ati hds ownex^ 
pene^; and Mosaop's uncle, wha wts. tLiximot* 
some fortune, and a ®eiicber of the Inner Tenoplei,. 
(and who, it is said,. refUsed biin the meaiis of 
subsisteuce during life,) now made the mme ot* 
fer. The last wa% tkrougb deceftcy, accepted^ 

I and 

Digitized by 


^^ ^(.^t^rvKW <?Ari3ie4 t<?;h»s g(*v«» aH^«^ by 
a, fe^ ql<d . fiaci»di% ili jhftjferty-niBth year oS 
h}9 ^e. . .Aj9(«tiejj $b4 eJWWfJe of tb« imsufiSci* 
«^?jr «f .VtkPtft wUhflttt; ^iif ^ of discretion. 

MQ9so|( ik|^ 93^ ht9 f>^ii30Q of the middle s»e, 
tf^l^jl :Wi3H f<?tfi(w4» u^ a. £^e of Bsmeh ex* 
p^WfWftr andi W eye t^% evidently marked .a 
proud and indepeadeiH:ii»M^d« His vokrewa^ deep 
and loud, when at the extent ; and though he 
could not aecommodate his tones to the soft and 
tender passions, his level speaking had great force 

H^ vf^^ 9pi doufalij, bor^ to be an ^fttw^ butj 
Qpl, jfx, tjfi^ iaM,ver9^ «^»e yih^^h he conqe^ved,,: 
aod; w^ch) ^^' earl3^ ?;i4 cpntinued flattery o£ 
somj^ fi^^flid^ ^i^ported. lib outset ^as in Zanga^ 
a$ we have before noticed ; and his applause was 
^. 4^4!^^edly gvf^t in l;bi^ charac|:eiv that he for 
same 3fe^rs ^fteprards nevef attempt;ed to nxpve 
fffiia[\\ ^ li^ q£ per^Q^matUce : it was Barry's fame 
fioffr (9|(;i^ t^ fir,st row^d his emulation,, and dK 
vqgte^, l^s, t^nts &o^:tbeir n^turaji source; and 
^¥l?tfS)ft l)e . fyi\^ <Hi ,t^e very threshold of the at^*. 
tpomty^ )]iif v^^y fqr^^ bii^ on, even at tl^i ex* 
fpnipei o£ t};^es€} poAi(ei^i,whipb his naturstl and ac*^ 
quired talents h^ 3Q liberia^ly be^tQwed upoa 


Digitized by 


555 4»tlioiR* d* 

^tywt^i strong - this l>i&ts was oti liitn, he h^ 
not a full opportuikity of Indtilgfeg it*tifl be-be*^ 
came Manager of Smoefc Altey Theatre. • PrevP 
ousiy to this time^ we 8ml him bothjier^, aid.btt* 
the Dublin Theatre, engaged in/Such business as 
WBB suitable to his ftgufe ind real tatefet^^ ^ Ba4ii» 
Zanga he has never^been ^jri^i/^^; 'and thd.haugiv^ 
ty pride, and deep revenge, which he'distoverecfi 
in the first speech of this tragedy^ ' - • ; 

*' I like this rocking of the battlemei^tf^ ; 
"It suits the gloomj horror of loy soul/* 

he supported with progressive force and feeling,- 
till he bestrides the unfortunate Alonzo in the 
last Act; and here the anhnated glow df revenge 
appeared so forcible as would rendei' all'desterip^' 
tion langtiid : like a powerful shock of electriciiy, 
k carried the impression home to every breast 

Cakd^ in ^* The Siege qf T)amasciis,** was ntar-^ 
ly of equal excellence with his Zanga, aihfe gave 
to this wild, savage, and enthusiastic Atabian-^ 
all thefury and fire which the character demanded;' 
and yet so little did he know his own strength,' 
or, rathier, so apt vi^as he? to flatter his ciWBt vani^ 
ty, that, when compriinented on liis performance 
of this part, he frequently exclaimed,' •* I wish 
yott could have seen my Piiocyas." ' 


Pierre^ in " Venice Preserved, '* was another 
of his capital parts: the rough, high-spirited, dis- 

Digitized by 


his tflilent^; atid. im tli& sdsne -^th dlle cottspiniii 
«»f^ >aib«a^obtkhi^ stud da3«r<^;< uiiiMmitliedl 

ap » p te*i w )>sJ- ' ■'■:• ■' . ■ '-- ■• ■■.. ■-'. ^ 

•'-.:..■ . • ; ^ ', 1 ■ , . : 

itt 1^«l;'fii>s« Me of fef^xitaatkti.vfe^ it nofifbl-^ 
6«^elb,' ;tho' excelled himih-th^ l6ve sedhtf vilh^ 
La«ly ■ Ame, as .wtfH di iw ^ the" ^tti«k atlknWfcdt 
pama^s of tie pla^ : bat to l»e M£i»til to -swjh i«> 
actor, as 4iatttck, was «o stxtfd in iw* iw»ttsi<J^ 
dciublQ line of praise; anili tikbt Mofii^lK dJtdi s^ ' 
^»r «vy^ front' hisi|»»t4braittg> the part «ifter' 
nately \n^ tflUi great «(righittl-|ibr 9oi|i«-8ea80<w. 

Tfo -rti^flue' wntiiofentsof die Bake; m, ** Mfssure 
fti» ft^Murej** lie gavo' fall' foitse- aiid difniityi'- 
Aiidte^'^^Efee AmfckibutfStepindther" df-R^ee, hifr: 
Afi^ww was veneraWe awd ^re|jid-; partietilwiy • 
hn a««ite' Av4ti» the I^st of tlw'Sim W tht irs« 
aei^' which h» spokd wi«lf k4cl< aw hoMse glbw of' 
s^«liOit> as totally ot«rpowieii9d th^ subttotie^' 
ancl fi-a.uds of superstition and priestcraft. 

TSk^s(t'\^ttt \&9 pnAcipol part« He hsbd mdi* 
fljr itfbre, bdtft m Tragedy and Ae gravtr spe^ 
(l» of Come(ly, in which he acquired great 
reputiatlon. He has been accused by the critic* 
^ tea great a meohaoism in hb action lAd d^^ 
v«ify;rM^he'wad^' Mtofitie deg^/ open lo tiits 

. S^ ■ ■ ccttiii^ct'— ■ 

Digitized by 


$58 .V unuoiM or . 

tj*»filr©-frtiic, rfrcqUerit; resting of lib lefttfaand ^o« 
bt^.JWps ^^i^ Insrtght extended, b{(s been ^ten 
Ibllkroujklyr compared to the, handle and ^(wt 4)fa 
tea-pot; whilst others called him, ** The Distiller of 
Syllables.'' But these criticisms were evident* ex> 
siggcratiOiMk Persons wh<ise^ naitow judgments^ 
teti^pers, or prejudkiea, indace t^im to look Oft/jr 
fflr; ^ultsy will find them Jn the most perfitct ar* 
t|s|:$ ; jind though he pometim^, m level speaJdng, 
e&bibitt^d ruther too much stiffness in bis attitudes, 
and toei much length in his pronunciatiofiy his 
eui^rgy.aiid correctness, ina great measure, atmi- 
ed fw ihese trifling def^^ ; . whilst \xk themore 
impassioned parts he was exc^^^ce itselfi^ 

« Thk , degree of feme* however, did not satisfy 
Mo^sop. , He wouM be the Awer.both in Tragedy 
and Come^*; and^if we might gue$s at his prin- 
cipal mptivp for quitting Barry and WbodwaQl^ 
a|* A pr<)ffered siilary of /we tfyoumnttpoundapm* 
j^i^rand bieepming Manager of Sn^oclc Alley 
"I^featre M^ijhj tittle, or no> hapes of i^upceas, we 

* One of the Italian Poetf , whose name we do not immediately 
•rHMniibeK^ t-i^ibliles this tpecUi othfpercnticism in the loHowing 
liUls laliUr 3Vf tb peat justice and propriety. ^* A critic brought 
liy wpt-k tf> 4b^Uo, (wherein be did nothing hut Jnd fault with 
his Author,) claiming a reward* ** Where aw the beauties ?*' 
sjiys thfi godl '^"^Oh! I never troiibled my head about them»'' 
«flt-d the critJif.' «* Very well,'' says Apollo j «* bring n^e hers 
afsatlc'Qf irtHvihni^ed corn. Nov, ;My fdend, ait.down, itlid' 
witto^w^ thitf ^corn as carefully ajv you detected the faults of ties 
poor Author, and you hhall hare the chaff iov your paias/* 


I by Google 

in those parts so favourable to fais inclinatio% b^t 
at the same time so inimical to his real talents. 

Maujr: i»steii^,<iQMl4: bp given ctf^bfte^Sectp 
of .tljris abwi'df :prep9ft$eai)ic3^»id«Hng'J^^ cliye mjSi^ 
mmA l^»^^^ll(W*fi[.^maftagienl^wt4^^^.(^^ 
vifi i be ^uffidkrti t; .fpr thi3; (tuf p9s6, jT'He;ftimg 4)f 

Tk&lin jundec; lii^tinftq*g»mfept, he. very prof^ly 

.iliovght af ^ettiftgit iip^ h^ XhwtfWi ; w Qne.^ 

-liie: novTeltiefr of tibe^ swaftaj!-; ile h*i.Y0cal.|)teft- 

Ibrmefs sufficient in. hia compaoy^ . iaud ^ ;baiMl 

.u&caiainonl3r..gQDd .at. that, timt; ; the. Opern, 

tHereftwre, was announced in theGireen Room.fiv 

rchearisal, aad. all tl>e.pArt^, distributed, .exofigt 

tfa^ .of Losd Aimwortli. . . . This, ^jicked some w* 

rionty axnoiigstthe )>ei:fomerc^ takno^.whd wo^ 

be . the peracm cas;!}!^ the paitt The^eceet waa, 

Ixmcver, b^t .back tilL within a few. days, of the 

performance, whew theiMls^ponippaslyianuoutr* 

u»d in , capitals, , ' ^ The part pf . hc^ Aha^orth 

The hero of .Mi.O|fera without singing^ ^^as a / 
l^peciesbf novelty one would think. too much bor* 
doings on the brogue for any performier to adopti 
or any audience to countenance; but, howevw 
strange to tell, both succadded:. the castrated 
Open run eight nights to crowded audiencea! 
twhilst ]V£ossop received the (latteries of hp friendf. 

Digitized by 



ami «)MNf^/ 6a fais success ir^ a fm^dtparimmi 

€^itfrf^'^-- ^ • - -•■• • ^ ' • 

This business, however, was effected hy an 

4nder^managemmtt mor^M less ftaotised^ most 

^M^fit^% vrhm t\y^ rmw^ via 

ttad" the art of atta^i^iog niat}« frieiidti to him ki 
She A^a^oUs^ trials of life — ^his inisfoptiMpet}^ sis 
they i^pe tdled, thotighalttlie aeisof hi^oNm 
ifidiscre^Q^ i^vetteiil thqse frimds tkedopet to 
him. WbUis4i Hdt OonQtesa of B~^> who then 
led the fashio)!' i|i Dublin, was^ 
tectress, thisrLsxiy, beside the high coinpatr|r*ahe 
e^evy night drew i» the boxes^ compaandcd a 
^g;reat part ol her tradepmen. Th^e, /witk. the 
^aottngmettof the CoUe^, (Mossp^8.eo]iteni]K>- 
raries,) formedthefriiicipaifiart of t^audicfice^ 
who,: hy saving 4Sie reiftaiaiiig part tkepmddcof 
thinking^ f^rtkemsclvesy dictated to thS towk; anH 
'tiiUB^ms a ppoje<{t which, left to. i^^ wbulii 
*have soan .^worked oat i^ -own dattffia<(ion, > earned 
through, by artifice, Airitb^pro^t and appUuids. t 

. Hov^erer ab^iinrd this dfiamfttic lioeture ma^ be 
ooiftsidered in Mbssop, Sherids^, who had atiU 
higher claims to critical : drct^ven, wai^ ^ jMrt 
^ec^ualiy culpa|>]€, by transferring Mcfcutip j fine 
description of:a,dreai% in the finst aot<o£&Qm«> 
and Juliet, to the part of 'Rpmeo--^merdy booiiase 

he* would monopolize so ikie a speech tohnneeHl 


Digitized by 


SfteridoDv^ fiMm^ ^a^od* actor liSL^grave aiii}{Wn- 
toh^ataS: jaaU, had aeitiaier ^fae voice m iea4 
der d'abord of a.loVet: butttdtoktii^ ift$ h^, ho/^ 
he could so violently wrest this speech from i6 
proper place, to give it*or a'<rti*tiater which it fit* 
ted in no one instance, can scarce he accounted for, 
b«t;'4^ tte>^«domii»ticy ef ^rf/fMw;^^;' ^frWch riot 
oAlf Matnptod ^pbh bis op^n jkidghicAti buton thd 
ct^tnboft ifehse, and cdrntnon ft^ngs^'tQfhit^aO'^ 

•p^aj; tp^ R^bUcrwy ^tter judj5j5^f this! ipopro*. 
p^cty^ :we »bi^U tec^ll to their recollpction a pai?$ 
of thf ^piMti^l a^ beautiful desp^ptioiA TV^e.a^^ 
to*. , > .• ' ■ ■ ' 'ia '■ -; ^ 

7^ Hal ha! adrea^i. . * . ^ 

•Oh ! Aen, i scfe Qi^^tf I^ lias bie!)6<i lii tft Ttra ^ ^ ^^ " ' ^ 

■. ;}4Biia(ienKrb)ggaf.'iiian:mti^e9toii^ '^ ' ^ ' *^' *; 

Df:«twn with a team of little atomies 
' Athwdrt mefi s no^es as they ^ie asleep : * * 

^'U^t^k^dii ipoKes Aide t)t (otxg 8^i«neh legs ; ' * ^ 

-^Th'^^OTVrf/WtheWh^^kt^Bt^tJ^HJ ' "" ■^■' ^ 

The traces of the smallest spid^'s web ; 
3 ;^e dollar of^ jBBftWB9i^iu$[i w%|*ry iMtamsi ^ I 
_ ; per ,\^f af^ficJ^ejt's ^t^-r^ie }s^\\ of,film i , ... ^ , 
. Aer mraggoner, 1^ small g^rejr-cqated gn^, ^' 

^ot tiff sb iig M a found little Wo^m ^ ' ' * ' ^^ " 

^'' »ttf*jdioiilt.W^pta^fh»i*fe>'nul^ ^ I ^ r* t 

And in Ihis state. &iie gallops, night by nigh (, 
^ ^^rpugh lovers' brains, and thus they drei^m of love,*' 

S3 Whilst 

■ ■ . ) 

Digitized by VjpOQ IC 

- WMilst we can' tiow laugfr tt flicse&llie^ wilib 
Jb€e6mmg contempt, may we not astotiTsdlvteR, in- 
the languk^ of the Rontaii Satirist, 


Dtf ndtwe nightly see, wn&tt om vtty nbHt^ ^ 
Congreve jlf«etf to tSite Ite/^ th^ptv^tc^frt.tlm^i^ 
(with all ♦the neatness. : and address of -^ n^odmA > 
shoe^makex,) and as such recommended l>y;^«if- 
disani critics, as the newest towjh-made goods for 
the use of 'Country Mariagers? Do nbt Wsee 
Shakespeare iw^dl? ^more naf«rfl/^by*difl)'^emetfda-- 
datf6«s; additions, ' and omis$icfnsr Andhavfe wfe' 
not frequently seen, for years back, the -5cene o^ 
Diana'^Trfipe^ totally cut out of ^he Be^^r^s 
Opera, (though upon that scene hinges a principal 
par4; of ^the plo,t,) merely to save Captaiii-<Ma<3- 
heath the trouble of re-dres*ing himself?' O'j^ ! 
we have often seen thesp.things; andare,'^ernap3, 
Roomed to. see many inpre, whilst audience* -wiil 
suffer their judgment^ JtQ bft PQ^Ptfjl ^^y?^^^"*^- 

But, to return^rom thb dfg:fe$#n, land adi^i^ 
more particularly to the* character of Mb^so^.-^ 
We mu^st not judge of him from thes^ grqfpssijcma| 
eccentricities : he was Ipd tq. ^^ pi^ifjalfy 
from his necessities, whtcJlv though it must bti 
confessed he iti a great degfee bmi^t^ofepllim* 
self, they were leather the faults of 'an e^W^ fftic'tite 

, , temper, 

Digitized by 


ten>per,t5an2»ny original bid jirift^tplck'^ 4ii:tte 
career of^ success, he got up the-bwt andmoit 
approved Tragedies and CbmedWs^ arid ;cMt them 
mth strength and judgment. He af ^nded. bi»- 
self regularly at rehfcarsals, ^nd paid hfe perfbi^ 
mers punctually, whilst the receipts of the4mr 
j»iry<aiiAwered their demands; a&d could he hsiv^ 
cottfined himself entirely to the dutiess of his ft4h 
fession^ he might have weathei-ed.thestontt, ^artt- 
cu^rly as he was^ in himself, the leas^ of itexd- 
2:ious or aip^usive man belonging to the stzgt. 
His ruin WM the love of gaming; or ratlierttie va- 
nity of being^nder the wing of femlale personsiof 
high £afihion, who gamed deep : they at iirat fool- 
^ vhiiif? into t^is pursuit^ under , the pretence of 
.Mp^^c^ing his Theatre in opposition to Barry and 
Woodward-^ and they did it to a degree, but with 
the^jB^cret putpMe of bringing grist to their own 
mi^:; fbc whst they gave to the stage through 
lhdr>inAuence or intet^st, they'princips^Uy brought 
iMK^k ^ with exorbitant profiti to -their private 
purser* ^ .. ) 

>' 3nck'Wa^ Moissop in hir^uolic ch^acter.; a 
man 3r^: had qualified himself for tl^e: stage by 
a previous contuse of claisical education, and mms 
indicted to it by the hand of Genius^ withoiit 
Wfaiclv atti learning, all astiduity^r ail mechanism of 
l^ofessicm, we but aa^' ^^bJalipg cymbal. *' The 
departments which he^i^an tbe^'Tlketafece were 
^ § 4 ' exclusively 

Digitized by 


^fecbfmoljr Wn ©im; for, eseApt ^^^pi^qk^ fe^ 
4^u^ ^wJifte, or *tti*ttiie; iand, tof^eo^ iriw> 

-thtt ♦? mkHM^ihg 99w^ ir¥phi tsWrpw tl* 

*vc£e as fire :«iii wateiw^ulM^taoce §gui ghf^tiavk 
In shorty i\m Tragedy, though e^fi^mt m > mf? 
-twas^parts of the pritmg, o(w«$ it3 ie^lehi)i(j3^*aft 
the stock ^^ti prakipa% tot^e^fjoireivof J^fk^f 
iifif) ; nad as it was tei^ived by him, ^so k haii, i* . 
fHigroatiipeaaiiffe, died^Hhh^; asi^j^ ilHie<mQAi^ 
^ber hiigh-im)ttgl}t x:)iarattejss ^ «ur 1i(^ foettk' 
.ioii0t ir^ IB sDllcn sifenep Atil isome ma^r apiri^ 
^ lihali arise, who ''. shall . hortride the CopqvieMr 
'jof Aftriea, «sd tly hondrpdTliroiifis^^' :.l(ri|heii|iuA 
dignity and triumph.^ 

.: M^^ nutn (ab£t)|iQt00 #0101 4h« Mdndiiat of ^ 
gampi^ aad itk ittttmnfitaMe ^i4 ctan$ei|iimi(fii^ 
di&iKras Telirai^*it\igjfA^ .aad ^bfttemiaiis ; iind i« lifrr 
Ik taiht^d with the jc/in7lMl^ 4ii4 ¥ic€b pf dm 
froSumon^ as 4UDy aiah <tf : bis ttm& If«tii iiloftr 
'wiae s^idjto hs^e hiud A^ieait ca|»aide is£ frkti^ 
«htp, a^ ha4 that Jisapp&n^fls df temper .to mabs, 

n - almost 


Digitized by 



tkxf^ »» %m^f fRieodasa^ aoqufMteHMir l£« 
iiatuml love of independence was sv<;b| :^l|»t^^ 
would reeeive no favours from his nearest friends, 
p9cn ui^.lQpQaiti(^dcqsiQii4>f Ipds ibrtune : imre^ 
incjiQedi , ibis prjUie vseemed tp be ^t theibig^t, m 
hfi, m theHeAd> .utcjHfiQccl.Us life ^ j,to j^wiUi^QSi^ 

lio w soiacalauUtttig i^ tbe nind #f man4 Alai»» 
ff^ Uad tale«|siax9i nakui^l 4a<4iii»tif^i>s to rbe,(])ti0 
(»ftJ;i^4TiQ&t;3i34c3Mflid^ injiispra&s* 

fdim« he.a^dad to tthjs powers lof oony^satia^i # 
yipcexit^.pfx^ndfvic^ 4«nd aaniiplijQity of mfumen^ 
that would h^ve gained him respect andjhdaoaca* 
ble*friendships ; but the wanity of being the idql 
f)f a:^dt of Right JSommncMp Harpks^ who 6ed«c- 
jed him 4^01X1 ^ase and interostefi motive/ wm 
^ y^oipailjr ^i$ r^ici. In vajn he^si^glu |o ifscovfip 
vHii^fcf^ what b(efp prodigally lost ia the ig'fxw 
^^«<fi win /lid h^ look to the little i4^i?i^ of person* 
^ disJbuF^memts, a^d th^ &ug?l soanagnment of 
1h» Theati^ wheR the gaming-tabte nightly |>r0? 
SfWt^ a ®ud{^ .of 4nealc^lahle ea^tjrav^wc^ 

* {p/pl>0ri; tbefeM of this nufortuaiitie wan eMi* 
dently arose from two causes : the fii^t, hift be* 
coming Manager, so as to indulge his self-love in 
hemg.f^mlypf^mV^r; the second, ihac of his 
hecMNivg ^ gammer i » pr^feagt^n n^W^ in it- 
i^i «^i^S;M1tlb:it ruin ^^4 dis^«ac^ /aud is a« 
^ ' if^wi(»i 

Digitized by 



ifiiinicft! (6 fbrtiitie; as it is to aH t4ie manly aitti 
social Virtues.^ . 

«itriifg>carricd on^it life of Henry MoitedpnA 
ife cohckrsion^ with u view not to interrupt th^ 
story ^ -that nnfortiinate man, we now retnrti to 
that period of his management at Smock Alley 
Tbesrtre, whete Macklin was not only concerned 
with^him as a principal actor, but frequently em<^ 
j^oyecl as a kind of Asshting Mufiagtr — ah ofiiee 
lirhibh he ever loved, but which always suited his 
iotlination more than either his temper or Itis 
judgment. ^ .. . * 

•', ■ . ., . -x - . ■ - ^- : • 

Be it remembered, that Macklin had just quit** 
it^ Grow-Street Theatre from piqWy or rather 
from the love of vanity, S^hich was ever a greit 
drawback upon his fortune,, if not- upon his ta- 
lents; ; We now find him at Smock- Alley Therfti-e, 
equally bustling as an Actor and Author : for as 
the two late pieces which he brought out at Crow^ 
Street Theatre turned out so successful to bha, he 
this year ( 1 764) produced a new petite piece, call- 
ed ^^'T3ie True-Bom Scotchman," wiiich-met M4th 
equal success. 

Tht9 Kttle piece has been since extended to. five 
acts^ under the title of ".The Man of the World," 
which is wdl known to have mfet wit-h a *w>ura- 
We reception, and which stands as one of the . 


Digitized by 


pkdmmmP olbfti^Armrmi^^tanM the Very' 

advaifced^ge of the Author; and Actor. It ww 
tiien in its embryo but even i^ thk state wai| 
highly applaoded* It was gcaierally performed 
tmck a week, daring ti^ season, to ftill and re* 
l|>eebible audiences { ami die character of Sir P^r-^ 
tmax Mao-Bycophant was thought so atroa^ Sr 
j^i^me of dr Scotchman, that Macklin ts said tx> 
" hwe recetveda note from a young Seotc^ Ndato^ 
mftn, then in high favour at the Castle, accompa^ 
Ai^^ with a suit of handsome laced dress clodie% 
^yii^ffi ^^ that he begged his acdqitanc^of that 
pr^ent a» a small mark of the pleasure he receive 
ed from the exhibition of so fine a picture of. his 
gramlikther/' . 

During the career of i)m little piece, Mossop,; 
who was always pushing business. too japidly^to 
aiijrvTer* the demands which' his own follies led hhn 
iiito, had engaged t^ number of French Opera 
D«tieeri at very Considerable salaries, and which 
he liM calctflatdd very highly lipon ; but as his 
credit was very Jbwatf this dme^ Macklin became 
s^cnprtjr fbr the pa3'!tiint of itheir salaries up to the 
eispiration of a certain*tini6« That time had ex- 
pired f and as! they were under engagements to: 
he at Parii ilt^the openiHgof the season, tlwgr 
^t«{eie Hither importniiite for the balance of their 

-•' ■ Shuter 

Digitized by 


lanHj' i^eittookiiti) be. .thd&r ntgbmaftof .: m ; rf iiiM 

so^; iwhivwdblim;li6i'ert&^h9d;ap^ 

-tf»^l^ (tK) mmi^. -H^.thcn^ fis:ca.tei^JttoiNmit 

wi)iiiflbdtay,aifei^>wisdkskn^ liijfitif^i lofiliifAtn 

tadft sto v aiUgJfpf Idle iiKii^'6 Thfiitsoe^j th^^imom 
HidispexuiUy^facHkilicl'tD^ be ipi.iPiurifi:b}E au cflstw^ 

*^ Well, Sir," says Macklin, ** Since you are so 
pfueHQ^^ry^ l^i^jl [ ttetn tber^^ti^^wKyraii^ ;,t6d 
they. dhriLhe {k^<k'^ jJl^iAm^viy^p.imJt^ ^r 
aM^nded, .i^ni Maekli A jiftpieatv^ i riaiglK^t linm. 

\k&im httB, ,a»d. ig^iia #tt i(k9« t^prHiPQflt^^.lllcwit' 
^* .Wky they icodd 4ii*t iiMtay^*.'fehpr; ; mnls^Adt^x^'h 
f^ fie£ausc^;":M^£ ^bidiepy iki> hi3(^fm9tiye :ilK>Ii> 
w^ntt^ i'^ ^pyWiijMt^d Ahfi,^^^ of Ecaoc^ 
^mmli iaif/>q^J^i£i^i^^^'V^^! iCirt^ff iJieirbeaci^^ 
SKr,''-^ «tys MfeidittittitaatoiiisiH^ fmrb^fiidGq 
yjmf imeicvby. ttet ?*'>-^^f; Why H^yitell ;«i6}" tu^ 
Shuteir^i V^ tbdt^heiKin^ GdBFirMoeasiiaitiirit^civ9'' 
Monarch, and can cut off a man's head SLS.wy ^W; 
you*d say *^ Jack Robii^pn/* 

7:. <*(?«/, 

Digitized by 



lri»^eKpi*^(Hi9ly i]istvuJeto$} by Siiutei^^ ampdr 
ifciWfe/WiffiOh I oh P' .say»'iihc veteran, -^ noir I 
iiliderataEiEd vyou;! C6me,^H!leIt'»i:wenty pounds 
(ipiAtmg 40i«rn a bank-i^brtc^) and herd's: fivis 
nk^TQyikixtiktmltailiyM&vt : (dien looking at Shuter^ 
^<;ut of their heads, Sir ! D— nm tae, N6d,: t\m 
IB a new trick. Well, Sir, where did I leave ofF^— 
flh.!a54!f.t#o»ty^fiw, ami ten, thitf»,tHirty-five 
fiN^m*y«i!t^4Uid My, tW»«igfaty five;-^Tfais I 
lidiBve^ iv the : balance. Add how, Oentlerhek 
jttd vLodiss^ i^tbe Kiiq^ ofl France ivcm^t cut: off 
yonr kesidk, ^endhint to mb, ami he shall icat '&ti 
tmne lifihe^^kmses, for beMg saoh a d^-^roB^^ ass 
is to b0O0itip' bfldl for a^ lENmlampt ManagerW'*^ 

, A Idss nfOttinstaiice dian {his would-be ^tte 
-sdBicieiitto disgutt Mactolin, wiK)s6 temper wab 
«JP|ltW: chamgdingi nature, as neirep t6 continue in 
4Mie May.^ Aiebordingly we ind hkn engaged the 
next season again at Cro\^^-Street Theatre, where 
he coiitinued, with some interruptions, occasion- 
jeiijBf his ttipt'toEogfaiidi tilLtheyear i7B7-' 

SN^ing' thia time, he was very serviceable td 
ike: Nionagetr,' betb by bis performance in the 
list of$t<Kk fiuys^ »id in' the exhibition of bis p^ 
1^ijf»ecq^ ; He was^ Mkewsse a good* Drill Sep- 
Jrant;/^ o&car particiilai^y wanted in the Iris^ 
TteatTGSy) aml'Was in ttiui capacity very serviceable^ 

^ both 

Digitized by 


tx)i£bii regard to k^ptng tte 4ifi^otiin «df thi 
Stagey the regularity o£iehear6aIS) i&ej &e. fiai^ii^ 
uras ' aheaj^ idle in itbese matters ;* ^aiid 4!dt beii% 
«o intelltgent as Macklin^ he readily oonmrittcd 
them to his ' supervtsal, always . . taking ^are iit^ 
.ihc spifit of rejhfinaHdn should^ dWL shofct of tlw 
sfirit kjf revolution. . . -. .\ >^ 

• . .. . . . . ' , .• ■. // .,: . .. . i: .. 

Oft Macklin?s return to Ehgltii^ in 1767, lit 
broHght out) toiir^rds thei latter endiof ^t teafiMf 
At Cdrent. Garden* Theatre, ; hislastloew^ Faroi^irf* 
.V The Truc-Bi^fii Irishman,^ under tlieinew tiide 
iOf ^* The Irish Tine Lady f biit the Humour of 
this.|Mcee being. entirely local, (as vehaTeibefore 
obseiVed,) it. met with »i cold. a; reception, that it-, 
was withdrawn after the first 'night. Macklin 
Jivmself was sf> satisfied with -the justice of; this, 
that he isaid, in his strong manner, " Sir, I be- 
lieve the audience are right— Thew^s a gecgr^ph^ 
in humour as well a& in morakp wMch I bad not 
previously coiisidiered;''' j :* ^ 

At this juncture i ihire was 3. division ammigat 
the numerous Managers of Covent Garden The* 
atre, owing, it was said, to the assumed authority 
of Mr. Colman; and as itiwias next to an imposr 
aibility for a man of Macklifi's bustling spirit to 
i^miin auv unconcerned speotator^ he yMed ihc 
party in opposition to Colman. Theconsequcttce 
of this was, a paper war amongst ihc critics, and 
V a chancery- 

Digitized by- 


got involved^ in the^Utt^r, :^i^h JiC: etttertd iirto 
Wth as much seemiag spirit apd ;^^<r*ty,fM If he : 
had hetn the 00U$itor iMtead^jf the elieivt* * 

r This suit, accordiog'toithe tt^Valcu;^l<»h^f the 
law, coatmued for several ye^s; and 4s MadkKn 
always though he undi^rstpod w^tiatevet Im^iness 
ht WAS engaged ia better thfuii auyonejel^ he^ 
undertook himself to ans\7er all his h^ fihaSo^f 
eery ; and his method partook of his usual origi- 
JVdky* ^ ■••• 

"Wliaicver the had a bill to ansM^jWi pr aftyotKor. 
Idw question to state to his 3d|iQit6r/he givt^no'^ 
tLcottp his fa,«9ily to havea cOiisUnt fire kept Up. 
in his^tiidy,i ^n4 n6t to be ipterr^ted^ ion any) 
account whatsoever, till such time as he i^hould, 
choose to make himself visibie.<^ He accordingly; 
oiv the days of commeticjng business, lock'edhhn- 
self up in this chamber^ wheije ^s.'tictuals^ Uoen,; 
with every convenience he wanted, were alji sfnti 
^ in to hij^ in dumb shew: Heve he l^kewise^ slept ;^ 
^d whenever a thought struck him in the night, 
he was up at his desk with all the ardour and 9tlf^ 
ig^p^ifta^Ce of a poet writings for immortality, v 

■•.V , , . X . 

.,;3^e have seAi ijeveral of tlies^ bills> aqd, to do^ 

the Solicitor- justice, they did not disgmce the 

^ofipssion by an improper bre^tjf. The cause? of 

,^ ; complaint 

Digitized by 


oDitiplafiit we ttiMt Mnfe^ ta he mmerms, tctiS 
some of tto6tn-v6ry ^Wvdtoiw; buCthey were atf> 
sM Bcwrn-witfe^ «!i«iracci!Btoined letigtH zv^ prd^ 
mty^ " |««e«6iiriwg to t4le tired- eye^ iminy i shteef 
of endless repetition," So that Macklin's rusticor 
tioa i^'Ile Mftself ^Hbd rt)v90nietimes contiimed 
for a^ month op six week». He tJicit* came out in* 
the wortd, dering Ws^ acquaintanee^ ^th the; 
pjioc^is and tffbcts oi^his fti«e*r»r«(m^. taVtfhenext* 

After a wearisome contest of many years, whidt 
must have interrupted him greatly jn uie course 
dfttli^pttilef^on) he however ohteined his cause? — 
a^ victopy? if»fcich^ takiiig in Hi» losfe of timej unea?** 
siues^i Acs &e; lefc hte little better tftan an empty* 
bcwt) anda^ftrftsfememoml', ** that ift being too* 
busyy tliere is^ some dianget. •• 


AttcHittfee year 1770,. he >etumed^ again to* Ire- 

lundi; aWd as MSs» Yoimge (the latei^rs; Jb^e^ 
Had aft engagement at the same TKeatrt, he' 
tfftHJ^t^ this- a fhv<*ufable opportunity (iii order 
to a?mir himself of her tefents) tobrmg- f&rward^. 
bis^ ** True^Borfr Scotchman. '* Miss Yoj^ge had* 
been* tften about two years at Erury liane Tliest- 
Ire, and had, from the first outset, shewn that 
groins fbr her prWf&mon which aftetvi^ards r6se 
m sO'distlnguisHtd^ at height; , Mafekfin szxr hfet^ 
teleiiW witfcJ^paittteVs*eyc> and; aiJwe att, ayhW 
; , 1 often 

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bften said, '* felt the harmony and variety of her 
tones:" he accordingly, on their first landing in 
Ireland, recommended the study oi Lady Rodolpha 
ittmierco^r/ to.her attention, and undertook him- 
self to be her tutor. 5 

An offer of. this kind, coming from a noan of 
verj harsh and iron manners, attended with such 
a well-known attachment to his own opinions, 
few rising actresses would have accepted of; but 
Miss Younge had the good sense to know the use 
ofsuch a preceptor; and though sheliad fully cal- 
culated on the drudgery she must undergo, she 
was determined on the triaL She considered the 
part would not only be a nactlty in tlie line of 
her profession, but that, in the many interviews 
with a man of Macklin's long habits and observft- 
tions on the Stage, much could be carried to the 
account of general iftjprovement* 

With these views she accepted the part, and 
Macklin Assumed the robes of theatrical authority. 
The first difficulty she bad to. encounter witli^ was 
t|ie pronunciation of Xh^ Scotch dialect: she had 
neyer |)een }\\ Scotland herself;, and though. her 
preceptor. ba4 Veen often there, and had picked 
upspmcjof the prominent idioms of the language, 
hj?. was 'Vfw^f^ cpn5J4er^^! by t|ie natives as a gpod 
ScotchpiajH^; .^tj>pugh, yi^f^i^f{ Jjiajd :Substi$^ted for 

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k7i ««6biiis OP 

Sfebtch, was hbt ftnly ilway^a^cctpted, but always 
applauded as such by an English audience. 

To acc^ount for this is not difficult. In carica- 
ture, we do not want the immediate likeness, but 
the exaggeration of a likeness. This he had ob- 
tain^ to fl certain degree; and without knowing 
that this was all that he had obtained, hefdtjiim^ 
w//p»erfectiy mwter of the language, and under- 
took to teitch it with all the authority of a con- 
- H^sifeur. 

But it is the peculiar quality of genius, like the 
hand of Midas, to turh every thing it touches into, 
gold. Miss Younge saw enough in Macklin's man- 
ner for her talents to work upon ; and she so im- 
proved it by hjfcr natural taste, and the strength of 
hier observation, that in a little time she threw her 

master into the batk ground. 

• " Thus 6ld Romano bow'd to Raphael's fame, 
** And pupil to the youth he taught became." 

In short, by her Very skilfdl tnattag«n«nt bf 
this charactef, she so looked, mored, and spoke 
ttrolarigt'iage of Lady RodOlpha, that the best 
jtidges of Seotch mannfers gave her the rtiost un- 
bounded a|)plause. It wte, through the ^^hole 
ctitibe of hefr thfe^tricil l^fe, one of her finest pet- 
%rinfettiees: and Whefn Htie dbftsider tfce ^!&trenie 
'clrifictflty of speaking a language so forfeign to 
her own, through the leugth of five acts, accom* 



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panied by manners and dq)ortmeiit equally nov^ 
it must produce an additional sigh of regret, to 
think that tliis celebrated Actress is now no more. 

With the assistance of two such performers as 
Macklin and Miss Younge, the season was un- 
commonly profitable. The former came out in 
all his principal parts ; such as Sir Gilbert Wi^ngle, 
Sir Francis Wronghead, Sir Pertinax Mac Syco- 
phant. Shy lock, &c, whilst the latter distinguished 
herself in Lady Townly, Lady Rodolpha, Portia, 
&c. beside an infinite number of tragic and comic 
characters, in which she stood totally dependent 
on her own abilities. 

We are to number amongst the curiosities of 
this period, the appearance of Mr, O'Keefe (the 
present voluminous dramatic writer) as an Actor: 
but he seems to have come forward with no other 
distinctions than one of the common dramatis per-- 
some; and even in this list we see him stand first for 
Gmtiano, in the Merchant of Venice ; and speed- 
ily after in Filch, in The Beggar's Opera; Fribble, 
in Miss in her Teens; Jessamy,. in Lionel and 
Clarissa; and Squire Richard, in Tlie Provokecl 
Husband, or Journey to London. 

He had been an Actor, we believe, for some 
little time befqre this, but of so little consequence, 
that, although married to the Manager*s daugh- 

T 2 ter. 


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275 KIMOIRS 0^ 

^ tcr, he was cast for those characters more prd 
speciali gratia^ than from any particular merit* 
O'Keefe has no reason to blush at this remark, 
" non omnia possumus omnes,** Shakespeare him- 
self was not, perhaps, a better Actor — and happy 
for mankind that he was not; for had he possessed 
talents to stand high in the profession he had 
chosen, Poetry and Morality had lost one of its 
brightest ornaments. Thus, to compare small 
things with great^ had O'Keefe risen to any con- 
siderable rank either in the sock or buskijn, " the 
world had wanted many an idle song,'' and ** pre- 
cious foolery" a most able and successful advo- 
cate, ' 

To criticise this Author bv the rigidity of dra- 
matic laws would be unfair, as his writings have 
assumed no imitations from rules, ancient or mo- 
dern ; they arfe calculated to make people laughy 
and they have fully answered that effect. In- 
deed, they are for the most part of such a nature 
as to set all criticism at defiance-*-they serve as a 
"barometer to the spirits without the aid of much 
judgment— and some parts of their humour are 
«o dependent on the congenial humour of the Ac- 
tor, that we suppose they could not be written 
for him, but only rehearsed between the Author 
and Actor, so as to give the latter a hint for the 
exercise of his fancy. What we particularly atl-^ 
lude to, are the words and chorusses af skome of 
I his 

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Hfi songs, &c for these being of no language, can* 
not be so well communicated as by sounds. 

Yet, with this species of talent, has O'Keefc^ 
gladdened the hearts of his auditors for near thir- 
ty years,' and K^ jseiit them laughing to theit 
beds"— 'and all this he has done in the hearing 
of good scholars, good writers, and good critics. 
He has often done more— he has been the con- 
stant advocate for virtue; and in many of his lit- 
tle pieces, he has given sketches of character, 
whiqh, though unfinished, can boast of much ori^ 
ginality^ some passages that warm and meliorate 
the heart, and others which mark no mean atten^ 
tion to life and mannerst 

If he has not, thdifore, equalled many of our 
dramatic writers in genius^ he has escaped their 
vices ; if he has not shewn as much science of the 
art, he, is freed from their prosaic drowsiness. 
He is constantly looking for /w« and broad humor^ 
wluch are chiefly to be found in the middle and 
lower classes of life, and he is generally success^ 
ful: he is, therefore, bounded by no dramatic 
laws; and if he keeps the laugh up in this view, 
he ij* free from censure. The manners of tiie 
middling and lower classes of life, have been air 
ways tdo much neglected by our modern drama- 
tic writers, who do this, as Mr. Bayes says, " to 
$hew their breeding^" but such should consider 

T 3 that, 

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that, although Ladies and Gentlemen liave their 
peculiai' vices and virtues, the general character 
of man is best distinguished where mature is less 
adulterated'-^wherc the heart and tongue have^ 
full play, and consequently have less incitement 
to flattery, lying, and hypocrisy* 

Inthq extensive list of dramatic writers, per- 
haps no one can be better ^ompared to Mr. 
O'Kedfe than the celebrated Tom D'lJrfey, who 
wrote in the reign of Charles II. The latter*^ 
pieces certainly do not boast the purity of the 
former, as, though the Author has not been dead 
above seventy years^ there is not one of l^s dr^ 
matic works entirely fit fbr modem representa- 
tion f but this is owing to the corruption of the 
age he lived in, when the Access of a ip^ay de- 
pended on this mode of writing— ^otherwise (and 
we have it from thae pen of Addison) " there 
could not be a more cheerful, honest, ^ood- 
natur^d mttn." But the coriiparisdn m^ ht 
further extended by recurring to the following 

DIJrfey wote tkiriy-bne 0»Ki9«fd, we "htWhYty faak 

plays, molt ofinfl)(ch^ei*e well written t^iiit/^^'oc fieees^ •a^oftt 

received by the public, atid of which hftve been well re- 

often honoured with the pre- ceived by the public, and eq'ual- 

sence of the King and Court ly honoured by the presence pt 

the King and JQ^I. ' 
D'Urfey . Q-Keefe 

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DIJrfey first brought Dog- 
get to public notice by his ad- 
mirable acting of a part in- 
^< The Marriage Hatpr Match- 

" ThQse who did uoit go to 
a Comedy to be grave (says 
the Ouardian) found aijuple 
food for mirth in D'Urfey's 

D'Urfey, beside his drama- 
tic works, wrote several popu- 
Uur songs. 

Tom had the friendship and 
patronise of Charles II. and 
** I Biyself (says the Author 
of ijtkt Gnardiaa) retoemh^r 
tbe^King Je^ng mkon P'Ur- 
fe/s sbo^jWer in«e Aan pncc, 
humming over a 9ong with 

D'Urfey had a benefit night 
lo crawn his taboMrs in the 
dranM^ic vinpyard, which 
great^ added to the comforts 
of his old age. 

" DUrfey,*^ says his old 
friend the Guardian, *^ hod 
,the aweot iif enriching out 1ai>- 
jgotlge wkh ft muUit^de of 
rhiaaes, mi bringing words 
together, which, withoyt his 
good oflSceSlpiwuld never have 

0/K^e Qjjwed a rich vein 
of hu;por for Edwin ; who pro- 
bably could not otherwise ^p 
such a height amoi^t th/e stpck 
Usit oif actii^ pilots befo];e his 

To bff graj:e at " The Soa- 
in-Law," " Th^ Agreeably 
Surptbe," " Dead Alive," &c^ 
&c. mi;^ exceeid all power of. 


0*Kee^ has ha4 tjie patro- 
nage of his SU>yal Big^i^ the 
Prinze of Walc;^, who %ewi^e 
has given him pernussipa \o 
dedicate his works to him* 

The public has recently paid 
the 9Amo liisitinction tQ Miv 
O'Keefe, whi(;^ we Jiope, with 
wkf t he has ajreiidy cheerfuUy 
earned, will be fully suflScient for 
th^t d^y when n^ental as well as 
corporeal faculties want repose. 

Admitting the fun extent of 
this meiit, we believe Mr. 
O'Keefe cwk M le^st madch 
him, for which we refer to 
" Jj^go,*' ?^d a great variety 
of his other dr,amatic charac* 


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been acquainted with one ano- 
ther so long as it had been a^ 

In the moral character of 
D'Urfey's pieces, this parallel 
wiH run no further, as out of 
the thirty-one plays he brought 
forward, not one is to be found 
on> the preseht stock list of any 
Theatre : nor is this to be at- 
tributed to the obsoleteness of _ 
langu^e or character, (as the 
Author only died in the year 
1723,) but to the viciousness of 
the Court he first took root in, 
and which banished almost all 
decency and decorum from 
the Stage. 

Whatever are the defects of 
0*Keefe's pieces, they cannot^ 
be charged with either immov 
rality, or indecency — no man 
has succeeded in the broad 
laugh more inoffensively — ^he 
might at times be trivial^ but 
he is sel^pm or never coarse; 
and though many of his plays 
have not the seeds of longevity 
in theni, his " Wild Oats,'' 
" Son-in-Law," " Poor Sol- 
dier," &c. possess that simpji* 
city of humor, and moral im- 
pression, that it must be mor« 
the neglect of the times than 
their demerit, if they are not 
long found in the course of re* 

So much for O'Keefe; an Author who has con- 
tributed too long to the amusement of the public, 
to be omitted in the dramStic history of his times. 

After Macklin had exhausted, in a great degree, 
the novelty of his True-Born Scotchman at Smock 
Alley, he again veered alxH\t to Crow Sitredb 
Theatre, under the management of Mr. Dawson; 
an inferior Actor, in p6int of theatrical merit; but 
a man who h^d accumulated some money, had 
much assiduity, and possessed the trust and con- 
fidence of his brother performers. 


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With him he continued, not more than a season, 
with some kind of success — but not enough to 
satisfy his own fame, which was ahvays impelled 
by a love of vanity. He accordingly, at the end 
of his engagement, quitted, seemingly, the Irish 
Theatres for ever, and came over to England— 
not only to obtain a permanent situation, but to 
open a scene of professional business, perhaps un* 
-equalled in the annals of the drama* 

Macklin was now, by his own account, seventy* 
three years of age, (but by very strong circum- 
stance's, which we have already stated, eighty^ 
ihreCy) at either of which periods men seldom ar- 
rive ; and when they do, generally dedicate the 
few remaining years allotted them, to repose and 
retirement. But our veteran was not of this com-* 
plexion. By nature strong, healthy, and vigo*- 
rous, he looked to no common calculations of 
3ife ; and as men who feel no approximations 
to illness or decay, look more forward, Mgcklin 
not only felt the ardour of profession as sti-oifjg as 
•ever, but adverted to new expei iments ; e^J^qrlt 
ments not founded merely on greater acqni&Uip'iis 
of science, and long observation' i^ tlie paitS bft 
i\^as in possession of-rbut on the dignity, )SubU-, 
mity, and pathos of tragic charact^er. In short, 
having long convinced the* town of his abilities , 
in a certain /line of performafice, he >Y0uld.iJ0\y 
come fonvai'd in aU the pomp of Imgeri^l Tragedy j 
' ^ and 

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£4£ H£HOIR8 OF 

aikd nothing lew thmx Richard, Macbeth, and 
Othclb, vere to be the heralds oflm new honcmi^ 

When he first announced his design, the public 
had vaaions opinimis of the cause pfit, Sanw, 
for a time, looked upon it as a mere repwt, to 
exhibit the vanity and dotage of the Ac*or^-^K>thers, 
tliat the Manager only made use of him 9^ a ^^re 
novelty to draw a few houses— aad others, to au 
interested view in the Performer himself, to make 
a last efGort on the credulity of the public. But 
to those who knew Macklin well, none of the$e 
causes could in justice be ascribed to hina. He 
was ever, it is true, more or less the dupe of his 
own vanity ; but as he was never the slav« of mo- 
ney^ so he it^ould not knowingly be the fiiaye of 
any Manager for this purpose. The &ct was, it 
was no new idea thfn arising from existing cir- 
cumstances — it was an early and settled opioio« 
of bis owrxy that he was competent to ilioae parts; 
and as a proof ^f this, he broke off as beiflig ^>*^ 
of tlie joint Managers of Grow Stareet Theatre, so 
far back as the year 1757, because he was jaot per- 
mitted to play those characters u^ tunn with Barry : 
he likewise actually performed themia aUthe rtr^lr 
ling companies m which he could comniaBd a 
cast of parts ; and to tliese three charaqters (and 
we have it from his own authority) he added that 
of Hamlet, which he repeatedly performed at Brisr 
tol near forty yec^rs before this period, and^cm *hc 


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same nights gcjierally figured a^vay as Harlequia 
in the Pantomime. 

So tliat this was no new idea, but a revival of 
jjast performances: and as he thought himself 
once favourably and justly received in those cha- 
racters, and made no calculation for the lapse of 
years, he imagined, once a theatrical hero, and 
eoer a theatrical hero. He therefore, in the early 
part of the season of 1772, made his engagements 
with the Manager of Co vent Garden Theatre, and 
the 33d of October in the same year was announ* 
ced for his performance of Macbeth. 

Of the petty wrangles, riots, and lawsuits, 
which accompanied this attempt, the public have 
been long since in possesion ; we shall therefore 
only observe, that whatever his merits as an Ac- 
tor might have been, he was very ill treated by a 
party raised against him, and that he repaid that 
itl treatment by an act of generosity, when he 
4iad his enemies at his feet, which reflects great 
credit cm his memory. The manner, however, 
an whach hl3 played this character deserves to be 
noticed ; not only as some curiosity to the rising 
generation, but as it records an a)ra of improve* 
ihent in ihe interior arrangement of the Stage. 

. Previously to this period, Alacbeth used to bp 
dressed in a suit of scarlet and gold, a tail wi^ &c. 



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in every respect like a modern military ofiScer. Gar-» 
rick always played it in this manner; and the fine 
picture of him and Mrs. Pritchard, in Macbeth 
and Lady Macbeth, after the murder, painted 
by ZoiFani, exhibits him in this dress. Barry 
and Smith dressed it in a similar manner; and it 
long stood as the general costume of the stage* 
Macklin, however, whose eye and mind were 
ever intent on his profession, saw the absurdity 
of exhibiting a Scotch character, existing many 
years before the Norman Conquest, in this man- 
ner, and therefore very properly abandoned it for 
the old Caledoniaa habit. He shewed the same 
attention to the subordinate characters, as well 
^s to the scenes, decorations, music, and other 
ineidental parts of the performance. 

So. far was useful reformation acknowledged as 
fiuch,..and has ever since become general, notour 
ly on the London boards, but in all the provin^^ 
cial and country Theatres. . Of his performance, 
we cannot give the . same eulogium. His figure 
(even from his boyish, days) was. never calculated 
to impress the character of a dignified warrior ; 
and in his first scene, when the audicn<:;e saw, z 
clumsy old man, who looked more like a Scotch 
Piper than a Geneiral and Prince of, the. Blood, 
i stumping down the. Stage, at the head of a sup- 
posed conquering army, ** commanding a halt 
upon the heath," they felt it underan impression 

* . of 

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6f absurdity and ridicule. His address t6 the 
witches, and his reflections on tlieir prophecies, 
howeter, were given with such a knowledge of the 
character as to redeem the first impression ; and his 
subsequent interview with Lady Macbeth was very 
much in the spirit of the author; but when h« 
. came to the dagger scene, which requires both at 
marking eye, as well as grace of-action, he failed, 
at least in representation. 

In his clamour against the Kiifg's death, and 
his hypocrisy in concealing it, he very much ar- 
rested the attention of the audience, as he like- 
wise did in his interview with the three murderers. 
In the banquet scene he failed — he wanted both 
the dignity of hospitality, and those quick and 
reiterated impressions of fear which Macbeth 
should have on seeing Banquo's ghost. In many 
passages of the fourth and fifth acts, he had alter- 
nate merits and defects. Of the former may be 
classed his reply to the messenger who tells him 
that he thought he saw Birnam Wood move to^ 
wards him: 

——" If thou speak'st fake, 
. Upon the nexjt tree shalt thou hang alive 
. 'Till famine cling thee: if thy speech be true, 
I care not if thoii dost for me as much.*' 

The first part of this speech was delivered In a tan<i 
and look of such terrible menace as almost petri-^ 
fied the audience; wliilein the last line he felHn- 

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to su(ih an air of despondency, ajs shewed the ef- 
fect ^of contrast in a most masterly manner. In 
short, this little speech might be classed amongst 
the elief d'omvres of general acting, and as such 
was applauded by the whole of the audience. * 

His performance, on the whole, though there 
were passages that shewed the force of observa- 
tion, and a sound judgment, may be classed 
more under the head of a lecture on the part, than a 
theatrical representation. The scene demanded 
the embodying of the character; and he was con- 
stantly giving the Author,* which, though he often 
did very judiciously, it still was not sufficiently 

To speak candidly of this performance, it was 
lucky (at least for the fame 6f Macklin) that it 
was frustrated in his firat attempt. Had he been 
permitlted to go quietly on, his vanity would have 
imputed the indulgence of the audience (or the 
love of novelty which might have aided that in- 
dulgence) to superior abilities, and he would have 
gone through the whole of his design, by which 
he would have lost in a great degree (at least 
with the rising generation) those laurels which, 
in other walks of his profession, he had so long 
and honourably earned. 

* , 'j 

During this period, much theatrical wliisper, 

fwid green-room report, were afloat relative to the 

2 ^ spleen 

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^pleai and industry of Macklin's enemies* It was 
said Garrick was in this list, and that he was jea- 
lous of being obtruded upon in those parts iu 
which he had so long stood without a competitor; 
and that Reddish (a performer of some eminence 
then at Drury-Lahe Theatre) actually refused 
paying a fine imposed on him for non-attendance 
of his duty by the Deputy Manager, " because 
he was with Mr. Garrick upon this business." 
That such an Actor as Garrick should be jealous 
of such an Actor as Macklin in Macbeth, &c* 
exceeds all power of belief; but that he might not 
like such a man as Macklin, or any other man of 
«uch high character on the Stage, and of so rest- 
less atid enterprising a temper, offering improve* 
menfs ill the dresses, scenery, music, and readings, 
in such parts as he (Garrick) was celebrated for, 
may not be so incredible. In many things of 
less nt)torret3r, he was observed by the critics of 
his day, to be tremblingly alive to fame, and in 
circumstances where he could not possibly dread 
any degree of rivalship ; such as generally select- 
mg persons of the moat modiocre talents to play 
in thfe sartie scene, with him, in order to hold out 
to the audience, in a more obvious degree, the 
immente difference of talents. This the performers 
' themsfelves frequently felt, apd, in the language 
ofCato, exclaimed, " Painful pre-eminence !'* 

' Foote believed the report of Garrick's jealousy, 
and used to tell many stories, and particularly the 


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288 MEM0IS8 OF 

following, in confirmation of this being Hs gene' 
lal temper. 

At the time Foote was preparing his puppet-shev^ 
at the Haymarket Theatre, he enjoined all those 
^ concerned to keep it a profound secret; other than 
to circulate a whi3per, that something very novel 
was about to be produced. Garrick, who, ac- 
cording, to Murphy, seemed to live in a whis- 
pering gallery^ soon heard this report, and was 
on tip- toe to get at the secret; his emissaries 
were constantly about the Green Room at the 
Haymarket, but to no purpose. At last, Foote, 
taking compassion of his uneasiness, told him, 
y if he would dine with him on such a day, 
he should know all." Garrick attended on 
the day appointed with great impatience, when, 
soon after dinner, Foote told him, ** it was a per- 
former of most singular talents which he was 
going to introduce on the Stage, who was to do 
every thing in a new way.'* *^ AYhat's his name?'* 
says Garrick, with some surprise. ^* That I'm 
not at liberty to mention yet; but he*s a near re- 
lation of your old friend Dr. Birch. Will you be 
introduced to him ? , He is now, I understand, in 
my study. But ask . him no questions^ for he'll 
make you na answers.** Garrick bowed compli- 
ance; and John, who previously had his cue, 
was ordered to introduce the young Roscius, who 
soon returned with a large well-dressed Punch in 
his arms." Ah!" (said Garrick, a good deal re- 

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Ikyed ffonk^ his fears^j^]^ *' ,npw I uiider^tand you—, 4 Dugpet-sjjew, I. suppose. **;^''' Nothing 
more or less.' —*' Well, but,' —rejoined Garrick, 
** let me see — (still uneasy.) — Wliat are these pup- 
pets. rto/.^o?'' — ** Why,; d— mn jt, Dayid," says 
Eqot^' Qciokijig him fujl in the fac^,) " you are 
not J^.pus of PwwA already r Come, .part. the n- 
"p^fs^ Jphij^ a^ ]t ajii deteripined to have no noble 
b^qd^ ^Hi^ ?^y house. *' , Here 'Pencil \ was re- 
m^n^^jcji^j.and Ga;;rick felt the. laugh of tlie coih^ 

, Bi^l;, tp ret^f^Ur tc} lylacklin^ Tnough foiled in 

l^^al^^ra^t^ at a j)ew,lirie.of acting,, neither ad- 

v^iKjIp^,, age, or ^atiepiporary/ disappointment, 

i;o*^ld -fih^Jc the ardour' of, profession. Iflie 

could not play j^qhard or Magbeth to any advau- 

tage, Shylock was exclusively his own, beside a 

.|iuipbj?f[/);^^Q^her c^araqters, where he bad few 

.condjpe^tit^^^a^d no superior. He had to console. 

himself, tp^ under his. late cjlsappointment, that 

the Manager Ipst no money by nim, (the house 

be;ng crowded every night he appeared,) as well 

. as his leaving to the Stage several improvements ia 

. th^ njiiiior arrangements, \vhich have been since 

Jlflt.^o apprpprigite, that they Iiave been continued 

to ibis ,day — p.nd ^re , likely to continue whilst a- 

good taste for tlie^trical representation remains. 

In short, the whole niay be considered as an effort 

U of 

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of mmd rabbunng for tbe progress bf kcfltchce hi 
Jxh profession, but failing iu |:he xnechknicai pkrt 
of the 'execution. 

Cleared of all the embarrassments t^Mdh diis 
last attempt drew liifn into, he fell into his oM 
line of acting, and occasionally peVfoiltied' €{tch 
season, visitiug, at intervals, Scotland, attd the 
provincial Theatres. , In the ciourscf 6f this'pfi^re- 
grmatron, lie 'made Vn engagement, abotrt the 
year 1775, to perform in Dublin and Corkdfiring 
the spring and summer of that year, which he 
accomplfshed ; but '^^ ,he seldom A^:ts without 
some project' in his head, a heW plan of life licrV 
.suggested Jtself t6 him^ \i4iic^, iafter digestllig^ for 
"some days, Tie 1at last proposed to 'Ki^ tilth 
Manager, ^ "Jtfi-. Tott'enliam [ Heiphy. 

"Mad^nifs ',jhter\'lew'wifh Medphy'on tHife ocfc!^ 
^ ^sion was curious ; and as wie Itave oftdti 'heard vii 
^accoiiiil of It from 'the hitter, Ve ^hafl^ttiddavbttr 
lo recollect Tt as heariy as'possible. 

lie 'fir^{ Svfqte a note toflb^jihy, Infcfrmhig 
Tilm, lie Kad some business of ImporratiCe' to 'coin- 
'muplcate, and begged he would fix sbWe tttOrAiog 
for that' purpose. 'The hext day was appointed; 
^'and Macklin' waited on ^him w!th ill die gravify 
'ofVprojVcton Hie^first qilestion; he asked hiin 


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was, *' Pray, Sir^ hpw doe^ lan4 twa out .at 
Blarney?** (a little village a,bout tJwfift i^^es fcpm 
Cork*) "Why, Sir, pretty wisU : J Jiave got a 
hou^ z^d farm there/' '* Yqs,^ ^ir^ I knp^v if, 
and that made mip ask you tbp i<j^^9tw?ii ; wbicji" 
beoig ^nsMT^red, I now proce^. Jli^Jertp my 
thfsatrlcal Ufo ^as not been altogetI|er as Ig^oukl 
wish. I 4o oot njean to say but that il 
itav^e had the favour and couiit^9,iice of tl^€f 
jxublip SAifficieutly, but \l has iv>t^heen so systema- 
tic a$ I could wiah ; sometimosiivii^ ii| Irdancf, in England, ' sometipi^$ jin Scotland ; 
aad awactimes^ Sir^ doing nothing at aU ; so that 
I ha^^e hitherto apt been able to calculate on my 
time, my profits, <^r expenditure. Now^ Sir, I 
want to cure all this, and I think I have found a 
remedy."---" Pra.y, Sir, what is that?" ''You 
shall hear, Sir. In the 'first place,. I want to take . 
41 farm of between three and four hundred acres ^u 
or near Blarney, and stock it so as tQ give nie 
a^d my family employment, jsmd i|iake it produce^ 
in the agricultural line^ something between a gefi-' 
tlenaan farmer ^nd a real farmer, but more inclip'' 
ing to the latter. Here, Sir, I mean to, fix niy 
bead quarters, with a good, clever, intelUgejpit 
bailiff at the head of my affair^, who, lUKier n^y 
direction^ shall be able to turn the ground and the 
jXnaikets to the best adyantfgf. (Here Heaphy 
rCould not forbear smiling.) O j^s. Six, you may 
wwiie; i>tfi jt>y G^--d> what I ^ay*is very true. I 

U4I hav^ 

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2p2 , jiEMOiRS or / 

have *ritS<J' bdbTcs 6n agriculture, and know the 
tJteory of* ferhiing better than half the bailHFs in 
Engiaiid/i:liough, perhaps, not so well the prac- 
tice of liodern improvements. But to proceed. 
'Havibg sufl[f*!le!ntly stocked this farm, and given 
"my hi\\iff'instt*Hi!tions about ploughing^ seeding^ 
&c. feic. I shilVset but for England in the spring 
of the year, aild^niAkemy engagements At one of 
■the Loiid^n^^TheatVes' fbr a certain number' of 
nights, and a cldarbenefit This being c6hclud- 
ed, r shall return to my fafm, • see how things go 
on there, and meet you In Cork, as usual, to- 
wards the close of thfe summer, which will save 
*me the expence of lodgitigs in town, and enable 
mt at the same timeto carry bn my business. 

' ^* Now, .Sii", 'you see here is the spring and the 
^stfmmer fully aiid profitably employed. Tlien ats 
"to the winter, there being little done in the farming 
"line,' these months I shall be able to play in Dul>- 
liit with you— ^o that the whole of the year AviH 
iye occupTccl sjjsiematicatty. I shall huve flie be- 
*5ief?<;of a good air, the benefit of campaigning, 
'^and^ above all,' the profits of a good farni^ beside a 
• a^it^^ ' for my family, Whenever it shaU please 
^G*od to take me out bflthis world. 


\ *^ No\v, Sir, this Js my 'plan: what'db you 
'.think of it ?'^/**. Why, Sir," said Heaphy^ '^m 
-respect to filKug' up your time in your theatrical 
i''-^^ - -* . engagements. 

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f ng^ements, I think very well of it— rl^ut as to 
farmings Fm much iu doubt, particularly at your 
timtjqf lif^.'' At this last word Macfclin took 
fivi^ replying, with some beat, "And.whyatmy 
time of life ? Can you tell me, Sir, w^aen I shall 
die? aujd if j^uu could, I would ?iot bp obliged to 
you for it — ^as I love to be amused, no matter, 
wrong or right. But come, you don't want me 
so near a neighbour — two of a trade might not so 
well agr?e, WpU, there may be pru4^c4 in yicJur 
opinion as it respects youreelf;,buti.'m detiirmin* 
fd to he a farmer for all that't-^ud ?ogpod morn-t 
iiJSto»yo\i, Sir?" ^ * . 

Here tl?c cpnyer8a,tioa ) ended y and MftCHliii 
designed to be as gopd as his wpr4> .as.he/ap- 
plied to several Gentlemen in the neiglil^otirhoad 
of Blarney for such a fjirm ; but they either not 
|iaviag ^ny .such to dispose of, or perh^p(s thlBk- 
;ug,.iwith Heap^ty, that Macklin's ;^ww:/o/' s^m^ 
i^ w?is past, he could get nothing to- s^iiit hiur; 
and 80 this projeqt, .. • , ' ,. 

,1 . If ..■■-- ■ • - 

;) y|{B^^t tdo Uiousand ojtheis, ditdm tbitfUng:*'. ^ . 

Th}^ /^sapp^ntmept jof a m^n not i getting a 
fara^ at t^e ^ of eighty-five, (cjr at i the lowest 
^Qjfnputaf iftp scyenty-fi v^, ) in, or4^r to. lay a faun, 
d^tiotii ^r l^G, fijittt^ei |b,ep.e^t of hinij^lf a^d family, 
\sivpiffhaps^wiy,i» 4 Nobk Lordi^ 

' y 3 Quee^ 

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Queen Anna's time, who went ddwii to Scotlan^i 
at the age o# eighty^two for three years, in order 
to ctear a mortgage on his estates. Both made 
il^alculations in favour of themselves above the 
iomnwft estimation of life, and stich must, of 
course, be subject to great disappointments, what- 
ever enjoyments they might anticipate in the 
confident strength of their cpnstituttons. 

Whether tljjs disappointment might have de- 
cided Macklih to quit Ireland sooner tban hein- 
tended,' we do not know ; but this is certain, he 
did not return to Dublin Nvlth Heaphy th^t \vin-' 
ter ; but came oyer to England with another pro- 
ject in hU head, as fextf alordinary in scWrie i*espfect 
a& faniiing, but founded Bn' a greater certainty of 
Jnrofit and reputation. ' ^ ' 

This project was ftothittg fess than producing a 
new Comedy, at his very advknced time of Bfe, to 
the llngU$h Stage, whete he hrtnself was to per- 
form the principal character- ^i^ Comedy wai 
the now well-known *^ Man of the Wojld,'' 
brought out> as we have before stated, itfTreland, 
about thp year 1764, under the title of '* The 
Trtie-Bom Scoftehman,'* in three acts, which ftiet 
with so^ mUoh applause as to render it <jn^ b.f th6 
pincipai skotik |^lays 0/ the Thektre lie Wlonged| 
to, and occ^^it(ned a J)rinciparclatise ill ilTtfis '(^iij 
gagenaents with the Iiisk Mirtagers,i'**'ihit he 


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dko\M f\^' yfk thi«, or }ii3 ptl(?r- j^WJP? Qf ** Th?^ 
Tr^KhBpJ'a IwUni4^" >t le^ once or t^wicp i^ 

Th? remarkable success of the first; Qf tUca^ 
p^ecest, Oft ey-ery revival, .in Ii^^fapd, . induc<;4 
MackKii; to bring it iv^ward on ^}^e. English Stage; 
but, 8rU^^g^ to tell^ be could npt a^ grst qb,tain ^ 
licence for it ; tbough there was iiothing seem; 
ingly objectionable in it, either as to morals or 
politic?, except the degrpe of puuniipg and dupli- 
city attrjt]|uted to the pfiucipal ch?ir^pter, >yhp is 
a SeOtclifnan. To . naeet, the vislips pf the Li-r 
p^i;^r, howeypr, l^ackiin^spftep^d ^ little the 
^p?r^jt;ie;s pf his ^efo, and extcpded the piece to 
fiv^ ^ctH : whe^ in that sta^e, it ^^t length c^mie 
9i^t at Covent Garden Thea^e, pn the 10th of 
May, 17»l- 

, Tl^e^ .announcing a new ( 
H^an 9QRsid^^bly af^pve fp 
bim^S^lflio pe;rfprm a princip 
zph^^^ofn^nov. hit^i^to ui? 
>yj^^ Qii>bcf, ^t ^ yexy tf 
|Go»9ftiy of ^' Lovp> t^i 
play^dj.f^e p^rt of Sir No 
Ipwing^cpmplim^ept ^Je r^^c 
J)ffT^^ thpu . J^prd Chambc 
j^efioftj, vi«., " TJ^at. jf y^s 
^ijy, ^ft^pjrijn^ ^i^ jpiewp) 
.... tJ'4 

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at tor, atid feuch at wiitevi in one' day, • was ^dme- 
thing extraordinary." What then must tbatno^ 
We personage say (if living in the year 1781) to 
such' an undertaking as M^eklin's ?— wliien' the 
great play of lift,* as it respeciis mind'aM body, h 
generally over : but where, if ' it remaiiis, » it' fingers 
battb tell th$ melattcholy inibixnHtieS of human 

nature."' *-' ' ' ■:*'::*:>. ^^ :«• ; 

' The/plot <bf this piece ife briefly this/?- A-ici^afty; 
subtle Scotchmati, thrown iipbn the-wbrld without 
friends, dnd little or no education, directs the 
whole of his' observatroti ahd assiduity (in both 
of wnich he is indefatigable) to the pursuit of 
fortune arid ambition. By hife' tiiiwearied ieflR>rts, 
and mdannes^^ss, he succeeds ;^ but, • wirhfed by 
the defects of his own education, heldeierntines 
to give his eldest son the best that could be ob- 
tained, and' for this purpose puts hiin infb ^he 
hands of ^clergyman of lekthing, integrity', and 
honour,' whb; by teaching 'him good * ^redfepts, 
iand shewing' him the force t>f ' good eS^ariiple; 
"iiVakesr him the yei*y revetse 6f* what the fathei' 
iii tended, vi^. ft[6t a nSaii Mickted the Better t4 
make hisi court to the great, ^aritf extend* iftidTieWi 
'of false ambitibfi— but to^m^kehimsblf i^A^fctedJ 
jiicTependent^ 'W'happy:^^'^^^^ 
Views of his' fitheV,'^"wHo wdiits tb^inarT3^aiHtftb a 
|ady of rank anit-fbrtutlt^ *ut to^'^hbm-*^ c^tf. 


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QOtidif^ct faiff nfikittons, and marries the daugh* 
ter of a poor ofllcer, little better than a d^n<* 
dant on his mother, but w^ho has virtue and ao 
coiDplishmenta to adorn any aituatioD. In ahort^ 
tire latter feels the just consequences of an pyer- 
vaulting ambition; whilst the son, seeking his 
own happiness independent of fortui^e or honours, 
in the concluding Tines, thus avows and rcjoiQCS 
in the principles he is governed by : 

" My scheme, tho* raock'd by knave, coquet, and fgol, 

To tliinking minds will prove this golden rule: 

In all pursuits— but chiefly in^ wife, 

Not wealth, but morals, make;the happy life." 

The performance of this play in all its principal 
parts was admirable. Macklin's Sir Pertinax 
Mac Sycophant Avas only equalled by his Jew ; 
neither his age or appearance obstructed the 
responsibility of the part. As the lather of a 
grown-up^ family, he did not look too old for it ^ 
and the natural impression of his features corres- 
Donded with the cunning, hypocrisy and violent 
|;eijiiper of the' character. Neither did the part, 
thpug;h long, suffer from want of his memory ; he 
3i^a? iji full possession, of it tli rough every scenes 
aji4 indeed, ^^n. the w:hole, exhibited a specimen 
of ^ the human p6wer unequalled in the aunals of 
t|\9 Theatre. ' ' 

The late Mrs. Pope's La^ly Rodolpha Lumber- 
court we have tiefore spoken of ' wlifen this Come- 
jiy was in i,ts ^ jnfant state of Mr^^w/^; now e^» 

'-v-:-' > '! Ju'M.v>'^ ' -.■::'-!, . _,,tende4 

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tended, sho seinied iS9r extend b«r p^yer^f <^: pr^ 
portiob. In «dioirt; sliejmde i% m* comfk^ly liQf 
own, that the Con^edy^ in thia . rmpe^U ^^^ bO^ 
3(etti(Mmd any thing hk^ « te^ti^i^te succe^sor*"^. 

,."""*■ ' ■ • . • ■ , ' . \ ^ ■ ^ . '^ ' , f 

All the other characters were likewise well per- 
formed, particularly, tgerton by Mr. Lewis, and 
Sydney by Mr. Atcldn ; but, notwithstanding 
this, the voice of party began tp bestir itself ou 
the first night's performance. Some young Scotch- 
men thought it a libel on their countrymen, and 
resisted it; but the pixajority of the audience car- 
ried it through with applause, and the next night 
it had no opponents : the p^ore temperate of that 
patifiu arg\ied very justly, */ fhat the character of 
Sir Perfcinax should, a^ot hurt the feehngs,of any 
g(H)d S<)otchman j on the contrary, that if it wa? 
§ tr*4e picture, they should laqghatit, .and thq* 
eapourage a reprepemtation, which only .e;spo5ed 
thp artful and designing of their countrymen.'^ 

'^ Some critics, however, start one objection against 
flxi^ Comedy, (and it is the only one we have ever 
heard objected against it,) which is,* that of the 
Author making Jiis hero k Scotchman^ or of^ any 
particular country, so as to impute' national re- 
flecttons; but this, in bur opinion, is being t6o 


cr '. 

* We had'l^he same oBinion, after Macklias death, of Sir Per- 
iinax Mac Sycophant , till Cpoke, of Coven^ Garden Theatre, con- 
vfheed-us to the contrary. * Difficult Hrrdpai-Wtiiia'raS'this cliarkc'- 
€^ is, Wis allowed, by the best judges, to be ec][ual to the ori^al^ 

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CHAfet«S HACEtlK. "SS^ 

fatstidious ; the ptindpal ch^^c^tefr miAt )^ong46 
some coufttry ; and irhatevcr country ttmt M^ias, ft 
Aiay be equally said to receive a national ifasulv 
But the universal rule allonred to all satirisfe and 
dramatic writers, only restrains them from iiot 
drawing their characters from too limited a souh^e, 
So as to avoid personality and obscurity; and to 
say, that any one nation does not produce? ridicu- 
lous or viciorfs characters in abundance, is a de- 
gree of patriotism founded more in folly than in 
fact Beside all this, a character is generally 
heightened by a peculiarity of dialect. An Irish- 
taan would lose half his humour in cdrtimitfins: 
his blunders ;>vithout his brogue^ as a Scotchman 
would his cunning without his buf*. The drama- 
tist, then, is at liberty to seek his characters 
(subject to the limitations we have laid dowh^ 
wherever he can find them ; and if he can procure 
stronger colours in the provinces, heh^saright 
tp tran^fi^ them to his canvas for general j-eprejien- 

JOf^ifl^.. : .: . • . . . [[ :- - 

. Beside tili,e merijt of this piece in plot,, ji^jh^i^fifer, 
sentiment, t^pd dictjon, i'tiscriticaljiy pofMptri^te^ 
•in re6pec?)t tp^ tli^ thi?fe \ijikti(fs^tme^ BfPf^^i^^ 
rfiftioi^ : %M f^pect to tifM^ thj^ whol^ coab\^^;l^ 
of the pjay i i^JcHftgiiwJi t^He ijp aboy^ eigi>t-ftn^-^foi;ty 
h0ttrs,; m j^^ejct t9.#fece,,.the.scefifi is^ppj?^r,rfr 
Iwoved frpm the dwelling hpMs* c(? Sir ^JJ^rti^K*; 
.^pd as ^0 the unity of action^ the whole of the Co- 
.^ - 1--::/! I. . ■, ^ u •'./. /i • ' -'.^ '- — medy 

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§00 i$£iE#d:iES pw 


«ie4y )wh|b#te: a :<?lwin of t^onmci^d f?^ct^ of 
yrhii^, each soe^ ma^^s aM^K ^4 ^^^ linl^ acr 
9Prdipgly prodiipes somieinci4^t^ relative 4;o t^ 
^^ata^opt^. Jf pmny of <mr ujpdj^n^^wiwfufic 
writers (as they are so phased ^ to caH theroselvesj 
wQttlji. consult . this Comedy as ;a model, ; they 
:^vould be ashamed of dragging ^Oj many heteroge^ 
neou$ characters tjogetber so irreteyant to the gei^ 
neraj l^usjnpss of thp. scene, and ,wbich give the 
S|:ajge fn$>;re the appearance of ;i caricature shopy 
than a faithful re^reseajitation pf life and manners* 

The Prologue, which is a tolerable good one, 
^as written by a dramatic writer>* (since dead,) 
who, though he volunteered it, soon after bor- 
rowed seven guipieas of Macklin, who gave hinj 
the xjioney, ^rid afterwards observed, '\ that it 
Dryden \s^s alive, he could hjive bought a I*yo^ 
logiie for one guinea less," 

^ Mitch about this time his daiiglit^rdied, whiich 
gave him a very sensible affliction. Thfe-'writer 
of this account met him by accident, as he was 
cbmkig^ froih taking his last feave of her; and 
^eiitt*g Mni \rhuch mox^ed, retulii^d^ Kom^; slid 
'Spent; thii dytning* with him. He? sefem^d to feel 
%Ms littfe civhlty With kindfaesi, 'alifl filked ^dth 
^^^t^^e<*!h^bs^rei and^muoH sdlind jtidgwfcnl!,' oti 
ihe V*4Ssftudfes of life.' > Am^gsl ot*fer^lng«'hfe 
obs^feH, *^ that thd shortness' of human'life,' mA 

yii^ix: * Frederick PiUon, author of several Farces, &c. 

Digitized by 


CHAillfiS MACKLIN. -301 

all its e^tfjoyments, can Tiever^T>e sa inculkiat^ by 
theory' as by practice; that in our youth, exart^ 
■pfe of ttiii sfort d% tittt so frequently occuf* an* 
when tWy dbi^^We scarcely notice them; pai^t^ 
from bur Kvitig ammigst yotnfigei* classes of Jjfeo^ 
pie, partTy ffoiri the ardour of ouf passions, and 
partly froUi the intd^icatirig folly of su^pbsteg 
ourselves to be exempted from those vicissitudes; 
But as age 'advances, *the exlafnples multiply be^ 
Hke us; year after year snatch&s some relation, 
s<>me friend, srfme acquairitahce,' from us. We 
are then fordfed* upoA a fair estitiifatioh of life, *ahd 
exclaim^ iriWthe Royal Preachtr,' "All is Vanity 
and vexation of spirit.^ Ah! Sir, cold a^ is but 
a melancholy thing at best, which Milton very 

truly and poetically* dekcribesV " 

■r,\. ^ ' -. ■ -> hr ' /^. '^ ' . .: 

•• put even in this dd ag^*^ih(mvi!^%i 'oxiiHws / j .. . 
Thy jou^b> thy strength, thy beauty, which will change 
To withered,' W9ak» and grey: .t^y, senses then 
Ohtuse — all taste of pleasure .must forego 
To what thoii hast, and for the air of youth ' 

t (Hopeful and clieerful) in sthy Wood will reign - ' 

A melanclioly .damp 6i cold and diry 
To weigh thy spirits down; wid 1^9t C9QSume 

\ : The balm of life-; " 

From this he adverted to the particular case of 
his daughter, spoke of the ambition he had to ad* 
vance her in life, and of her very great docility 
in receiving his instructions in the art of acting,^ 
as well as thoae of her other masters; talked 
. of 

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(302 ^ . uimoins o^ \ : 

4^ tb^ g^eat pleasure ha bad in piftyjng i<>r lier W 
jttfifite,- md added, " Wherev^ I was, d^her i|i 
^r^laml or Scotland^ | ^w^y$ f3$fi^ it m^yzgr^e^ 
^^attt| t^at I $^i}ld be ia Lon^oa 9l>0)it th^^t f^ 
M^^:i I wiH^ dp hfir ihc justice tp s^y, sjie w» 
Igr^tef^l fpr these ki^nesses/ ^ai^ vne lived tog^e^ 
4^r U9i tiie .iififl3t reQiprocal ^cts of fyi^dshipJ' 
prTl]TO, after sqswfsi pajwe-^** But it i3*s(Mne oddt 
jsota^ioaa ta me^ that 3he has left up yauQg iamijj 
Wh'^nd her, who 4|t)^ght want a^gpafdj^sii or {i^otiscf- 
4of ; far, s^l*^! where^ would they fiud pne? As ^Epr 
|ne— ^i^ I live ^ littlB louger, I shall w^nt oucmy^ 
*^lf>/ to; sMtGv^ioy ^avergrawp age firoi^ the es^Or 
fWep; of ^dotageaud fatuity/' 

• r 

The above observation he djoKvered with a^nu- 
ness of tone, and gravity of deportment, which 
still leave their impression. 

After Supper he got into a little better spirits— 
but still pqsse^aed of the same rsubjject, be e»- 
clahned, *' O Lojpd, Sir, I neujiember so ipany 
changes in human, a^EEurs, Ihat in some :&m]Iies^ 
and those too pretty numerous, Lhave almost lost 
the power of traciilg them by descent. An odd 
^ircum&tauce happened a.few y^rs ^o upon this 
subject. A party of Irish Gentlemen, who faa4 
come [Over here in the parliamentary YiacatK^Q^ 
asked me to sup with them. I did so, Sir, and 
•wx all got very jolly togetlier^ ii;iaomuch, .tha^t. 


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3§tieNt)f them mrfio dnirik, that I made a point of 
taking hin^ott my* 4paek^ ^nd carryibg hiizr doim 
stairs, in order to be put into his chair. The 
fieM^<ky ^t^e^GBttlldmain waited on me; and ex- 
^ebsitig hb oii^^iem^ saldj he Tras sorry I^hould 
tafkfi «o ttmoh utitiec^es^ary trouble. Here, Sir, I 
stopped ^hhta sl^t, by telltng him, one reasoen I 
^ad foiT cWi^i^ him4>n my back was, that I 
'GaTi46d either 'hrsikther, > or his grandfather, the 
is9Mt way,3^fi|y jH?<i>v ago, irhen he was a student 
^ «he UiAdh Templfe/' ^** Very true, Shr,*' said 
Ulc o«her> f remember my father often tdling it 
*8 a ftfiftiily Btory-^but yoa-are misrtafcen a Kttfe 
in peitut <if g^heJa(logy-**^t was my great grend^ 
futher that you did that kindness for/* 

To return from this digression, Macklin, after 
a successful run of bis Comedy of ** The Man of 
-^e World/* accepted an engagement, about the 
■y«srtr 1784, to perform that winter in Dublin. 
4fe was then, at tlie lowest computation, eighty- 
•ftire, (by steong probability ninety-five;) yet at 
^tlris efxtraordinary age, taking iit at either impu- 
tation, did he engage to ^sit another kingdom, 
*and perfbrm at feast twice a week, two of the 
longest and most difiicult parts in his profession, 
yjz. the Jew and Sir Pertinax Mac Sycophant. ^ 
appeared, however, that he was equal to this un- 
dertaking; as he not only went thrbugh it with 
heakh:an4;i^it»,'>but took Liverpool and Man- 
1 Chester 


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S04 ntm^tfks trif 

Chester on his rfeturn, at both of j5*^hieh piaeeebe 
iperfommA a few of his pribcipal charati^ets. 

The winter that MadtKa happened to ho in 
X)uhllii^ politics. Tan high;^ ^mi as his: Comedy; :Qf 
'".The /Man of *the World*' ha^isomei general. ?€h 
flecticais .on Court* and:nid-ad^wi$tff(ti0n,; Qp- 
po^ion took him tifr aa fajirourabk M. their cajt^Q. 
The Courtiers, on the > ot\^ct side> i >vihpse bu^wesp 
it is not tx) think.themselves impliciated in the ge* 
ncpal censure, not ottly attehded, aMeppUtuded 
hisOdmaedy, but had htm frequwtlj^ %t thi^ir-.tft- 
hlesi; so that hetwe^i the . tV^ paitie3, M^okUji 
M^as in fathionable requisition: )ie lived almqsjL 
every day in public, a^nd exhibited a . degree , of 
health and spirits equal to the occasion. 

'^ He had. likewise other qualificatioiiiS to ingra- 
tiate himsdf with the people of Irefedd ; he y^ 
their couritryinan, and had aioquired a lojig f^i^ 
brity from his professional itajmt?^ and.^ven/f^ftti 
his longevity ; he was, beside this, whajt he ,1115^ 
jocularly to adl Mrmtlf'-'-si College: 0m%^ Cbeing 
originally a badge-roan (to the Cq11^€| J ^ndvf^P 
this situation could vrdmcmbec the ancestois qf 
most of the people ofr distincticm-i*rj3Jid aboilt 
Dublin. ' » . .' '." 'A, ' ' V / 

In these agreeable- parties dkla iwin of ,e9gh ty- 
five pass his leisure hourt; wbi^h} though pfii»ncS& . 


Digitized by 


usual infirtnities, to hitU) wb^ irM^jodj^b? oftM^ 
fleeting ph the past, and enjoying the present with 
ple^Mtae^tbe^jiad.alltlki^daddtiftt^ (SfBjmikhd^d 
f«itivi»f.' H^hiul^ri*6irly^:iiff(^adattii^f«uiA 
m$ecibft€2indibiMlinag^yt ;atid it^ <ibiMmfiidc>#ith<ltitit 
a}modt^«>^ Che h9V;^k€tiC0 l^Mrlkino^kinA^ fobd^ 
df <:^ttibtftito]^1x>tMs^ttUrtthib^ btit^dr^id^ 
i»oatfi?«itoi<*hfers (OWevripJr-^^ 2n- '^- 

Setiygfhitri at^thoie ipd^tiesi itt^^d^^^yigOfdMir 
hie^tii>tibid^|tiH w>ni€«ifl)^s ki^tgiRf g^d; isom^ 
tite^e^ftifigiii^ati l(|^ :$<lQg,:%o^Milli^|itilKng tib«r 
storkes bf^hiayou^ aitii^strall timcsfbqiisrf ti6Ahi» 
boMe of darbt^ his Jdmors inia^-ifeiie €(^itatttiyi 
questiiotting^i^hiiii^hoiiriiid iwapaged to presetve his 
be^lth^ m that manner. But as MackltniM^s ;ne-^ 
Y«i'4'^guiElr^ acoording t6 thegeneral acotpf^tionv 
^ thai w«rd, though^ perhaps^^icoGnfoikidblOilo 
the particulars of his own. co institution; when he' 
tokl them of the excesses of his youth, his love of 
fum^ trathen^ Ittehoiirs, long \^^alks, and^i^Ietic. 
6keratie,.t&i^* wondered how it was ddtte^ .without 
(faurin^ tti fiollow the preacriptioh. . ■* Itt short* 
Sisntleiiien^" he used to cotielude, ^* laay general 
iMe of Jife was this^ and n^hichl practise to this 
present inometit ; toieat whfeix I am. hungry— drink 
>f^hen;£ am diy^ ^and sometimes. (hfiiiling up hir 
glfUs) a^Httie imirer^^^'te bed when I am^eary 
— and — " concluding^ with in attention to 

r\;);/^ X his 

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\|liKiqife||yfr^pi^et.,te'J^ too 

strong aBdywmi.t<)<|^<^adQWri^M9^ ^y^^ 
for some time, as if they were real^ fted talked of 
y$irHni$i4>rcrQ€^€jf)i f(9fi]t]|^I^prrlf9ewatt^liV^1@ril!^ l^^ 

witf)a^ IMhjwftie.ifo^,^omyi»g4 ^er 

ti^clret^ lii?hkh.w»,i fbafelteibojigbt ^Uemt ia;IBkJh 
boriii.A.&'v^^ajBs ^j^ore hcrM^^^ In oR^^dr 

V toi« w» 1^, tnjtui^ upwi ^ Irirfii wArt'N a* yoeai^ 
hhi attd'tbett. taking the witwier set ourt^Hf bi^ 
moiitibv; J^id tbem on tJte *ald<v atid t^ldibfer:: i^doj- 
fi4»p/ ^^«M3»igh]b|«ait:h^fr'jttfttawcbiM^tte^ 

. /5^;^'Siry (^ddfed th«. ^eter^ iifc teHio#. 
diis ^ii«c(kil£V) Tve bad iibeaHijr }au^;/^Qd^il: 
passed ofl^ and, I thpii|^t noi more c^ i(b$ jbuk.i^ 
ifaw day^lnefore i lefti^Ddl^lin^ I -nice^wAialnote 
frolivtdie immeiXa^ly^ ^iifcdosinginsssa full biUa£ 
direetieflSy) seqiiestiAgliwauMcbi^ lwn(Sitchiaii0^; 
tdiier sotrof tbetby^acd'^mid tfaem packed ipftn a 
boac directed to in dbaciiDe hpti$e ^nrU^biifSfiQ^uayi. 
vriiQre:lhantouUrf0ceiv?ftbeiD/io^ :-- , :.- 
iid X Macklin 

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Macklin retitrned ti» Ld^domifi tbe fprjuig of 
1785, andfinstantly Inixed. mjtl>e coi^^viviaiities <tf 
bfs frjdnds with hh uiSuai liealtb £it>4.«pirit$. His 
Irirti expeditidn foraiishcd him with f< mijmber of 
iKW aneedoteS) which he embdlished with tovMjh 
sstrondi humour, and told wi4h dilthe «^rit of H 
youtvg msHoi emulous to' pleasic. 

li the winter of this year he m^Ae aa agi^e^ 
ment with the Manager of Cofei^t Gapdei), to 
periWm occ&s'SonaHy at his Theatr^^ and h^ wan^ 
through has vtsaal characters with hb aK;!ci(i6tclim^^ 
ease and spirit. ' ' 

Much^ about thid time^ bis soli^ Johti MadcHnl, 
diedy dt not abore the age of thiPty-^four oic.flve, 
of a breikeii constit«itioit>, brought on by ^riy 
dissipations. He was d. young man of good t^ 
lents, and received from his father a most excel- 
lent cducatkra, which would have fitted* him for 
any situathm of Kfe, had he been governed by 
the TAlea of commtm prudence, or discretidn ; 
but he was nnfortoiiately ope of those who cott- 
jridcred bis. cAowtioii a«id parts as exde^tiofis 
agateost the cetisore of the world ; and the ifldul- 
tgeilce of his parents^ instead of inducing <»^be- 
dicnce, and beiisg a spur to his industry, only 
,made him the more Garckss^ in «he economy of 
his heaith and fortuhe. 

Xs Macklin 

Digitized by 


30S UzuoiM OP 

'■ MwUKn ^t first rfesighed him foi* the law, and 
for diid purpose* eiidredi him ih the Temple, 
where he furnished bim iriuh ichanibers, a. library, , 
&c: Sie. r«thef<Jiiboven^hatlie:c6ukl afRvrdi consi- 
•deriiig the (ksoaliyof hisi i^cmne. " And what 
i)6ok, Sitj^'^ialid the vdifefraiii^nn telling this cir- 
cumstance,) do you thinkJ ftiade him begin with? 
Why, Sir, V\l tell you— the Bible— the Holy 
Bible; "^'' The Bibie, Mr. Mackliu, for a Law- 
yer!*'--^** Yds; Sir-^the prop«rest and most scien- 
tific for zniionest lawyeiv-as thcr^ yoii will find 
the fouoidatioiii of all law, as .well as ail mlorality. 
And for this purpose, Sir, I bought him a Polyglot 
Bible, which cost me twenty pounds ; and the dog 
J^riew how fofaiake useof it, if he had had a ndnd 
—but lie was*idle ami unmanageable— -he: had the 
early dissipations of hi^ father about bim-r-^but his 
fducation ought tp have Vtaugbtbim better/' 

1. Left to his own govemmekt in chambers, he 
50on gave upiwhat is called the dry study of the 
law, for the im>Ye fiatteringamusements of Covent 
-Garden— and, after a certain, time, the only 
use it api>earfid he made of bii books was, "to give 
-them a better- chance of being better used by 
^omebo<ly ejs$. In sliort, be not only run ou)t the 
little money bis finher gave him, but sold his li- 
brary, and every thing else he could lay hold on ; 
apologising to his father, *' that the study of the 
law was not suited to the versatility of his tem- 

Digitized by 



per ; but that if he would get him any situation 
in the ariny, he would use his utmost endeavours 
fully to atone for all past miscarriages." 

The fondness of a father accepted this apology ; 
and Macklin, using Ws interfest with the Marquis 
Townshend, got him upon the establishment at 
Woolwich, where he soon distinguished himself in 
the several branches t>f malihematical knowledge 
preparatory t^a military ilifie, and for w^hich this 
academy is'so justly distinguished. 

When heihad finfehed his studies at Woolwich, 
he was appointed a cad€t^ and M'as sent out , to ' 
India in. this capacity, where, soon after his land-, 
ing, he obtained a'cbmtiiission in the army. He 
was now on the high road to preferment, at a 
time of life best calculated to lay the foundations 
of a fortune, and with an appropriate educatio;i to 
further it to any extent, which reasonable hopes 
might expect; hut all these availed him nothing 
(to speak figiiratively} whiUBt.Mordecai^tOfid at tht 
g'a/e-H4-liis>passioiis atobdjft the gate of his reason 
before hTm a^nd his fortuup, '^nd tUrned>aside every 
thing . whicb Milenis/ \e*du'pation^ and high re- 
cominjendafionii, imi^litj .riaturaHy, lead, him to 
expect •' "-'- -'"^ .■ '..-. '".. • ■ ■' ■ ^ 

Manjn ^re the rmad ami unaccountabJe frolics 

told of thisf unhpppjTT yoaang man whilst in India: 

X3 the 

Digitized by 


310 . SiEMOIRS OF 

the following, however^ will serve to shew the 
Strang^ ecceiltridty of liia temper. . 

In the course of some convivialities with his 
brother officers, he happened to have a quarrel 
with due of! them, which was taken up so high on 
both sides, that nothing ^ess than a duel was to 
determine: it. Accordingly, it was agi'ecd the 
partids' sbobld meet die next morning, at an ap-* 
pointed place, vnth seconds and pis^pls. 

When Macklin came upon the ground, he ap- 
peared wrap|>ed up from Itead to foot in a loose 
greatcoat, so that no part of his figure could 
be distinguished but his head. This was thought 
an odd dress for a man to fight. a duel. How- 
ever, it passfed without notice till the ground was 
measured, , and the antagonists \vsere. desired to 
take their different stands; when, to the sur- 
prise of all, Macklin, throwing off his' gi-eat coat, 
appeared in a perfect «tatie 6f nature, without ;any 
article of dress about ft irti than a pair of moi^ecLcd 
slippers, liis a'ntagonist, ^alaitmed, 'ask^d him the 
cause of so odd an appearance.! m^ Why,' Sir, 
(says Macklin very coolly,) I. win tell y?ou;w2th 
great candour, that, in ordeiv lif you: please; :you 
may take the same advantages yourself. ' It is 
this — I am told, that most of the wounds which 
prove mortal in India, arise firom some partrof the 
woollen, . Or! lineiiy w^ich a man gieneiaHy carrier 

I 'r about ' 

Digitized by 


CEAftLii «rA*KLiN. *1'4 

€he«esli«ikiiig#itt*thfe^bttB, atld^hich octaitt4i4, 

figfet qtiiw ttttked, jast fts^yott'^e*, tbktiif I'dfe^aW 
haw <lbe tt^UfiMtun^ tif beUig lvdtod*d;f l^iA], ^ 
Itast, hive a better H^hatic^dfi*6tdvtetj|n'^ '^? ''^ ^ 

TTitt *ftrmttess ef tft^s deblftMicm, : attd tbe %k^ 
vage figure which presented itself before hirti, de^ 
terred his antagonist from proceeding any fur-^ 
tlier-^his second deda?ri»g they were nkt^t on a 
p^ fw s«i<fety ; find tht akerMti^ of 6ghlteg & 
duel tt^ed, was meilihet )agteeablt to the Mws of 
honoat t>r of deeency. 

Thus lEfAded this ^tattge aifw, A\4*ith, *vitfe 
matiy other fjValiks of a toort ierious nature, ^ 
i9bfiged MaekUft to fcave the itrmy; and sooia 
after, finding himself desefttd by his friei^ds, !i* 
set «ail for Eiiglaiid, aticl Once mor^ thitw him* 
sePf'AJ^a Ms father for support. 

Ai!fiJ^ hitre it is iieotsafal-y, |n justice to his^ft- 
flier's tafemory, to say, that no man tock taore 
pains to stterigtfeeii iiis son's mind, both by edu* 
cation an^ good advice, than he <lid. In the^ 
early part3 of his life, he took uncommon pains' 
to give liim an excellent education, \viMch, to do- 
the son justice, ^ he had parts sufficiently to culti^ 

X4 vate, 

Digitized by 


Hit 'AiiM^imi^x^tu . 

|yfoai<blf 'tto^iiiP>c^n^ia^ ifit^i^^ % ^jsppsition 
d^ ,ifer*ftg it[)4fifAlftvprQp?l1 ^^ He h^ ji^ewisc 
read the Ei^ii^hj?l?'^§>cs,.»^ithicoBsiderable;atten* 
tipn; and, on the whole, could support, when he 
^ttgtitipflppfft,;fk ^iiare in {ffinvgrsatipft with ytry 

^ Hisfife(the,r, tl^r?fore, knowing; what ^le. could 
^0^ and likg^vis^ wl^at his propensities led him qq- 
^^siogaljy^ tftcpmmit, constai^tly interested hi^; 
self in securing him the bes^ interest he could in 
India, as well as giving hin) the best advice for 
J^fsgegerral- condoct:. hepQinJ;^ out to him the 
supaj-ijQr^dvajitages. he ha4 QYfir himself in point 
of edqcation, pro tection^ and oH^set.m life, and' 
jponjured. him, by qverj) si?ntifl?(?nt .;>yj^ich he 
thought could grouse; his.feplings,\l him- 
self of those flatterif^ asjist^pc^s.! . ^ jMapy f>^ ^hese 
letters (as well to his daughter as his son) do 
gppq.t credit to the ^xp^rjenpe: find -pa^ffiiaij^ec- 
tipn of p}d Pap^klii^: ^jli^y^aippre; ;tl>f yx^be^w a 
man n<^t piily JRf^r^ested \x\^jfiQ ^,f^m^^oS. j^s^^l?;!' 
dngn^ but jjjijthe; moral dut^je^^gf jijfe;,pojnting,put 
gliosis (JM^^Sr.jij^tb. great; fi>rce5of ^fpre^sion,^aSt the 
pnly #urte,foj^ndfltjj>ft9Jtf^tur&^^^ . . 

. ; i* :; ' Judge, 


zed by Google 

chau.b&!BCjU^kliv. « sis 

his tender and unceasing solicitations for hisodn^i^ 
honourable advancement in Kfe, repaid by so dis- 
gnceiiilraaetnmi ^rttoini M^hioh b<i* dnIy;iiAis- 
trated the presitht!ol^fct, bufecut up fthe Jait bop9 
of serving Jiim iiia«y.tuturie aitiiaUatot- ». .1 \ 
' .'. . . MP •^.- . : <■' • " *. ;- ; . M 

: His fathert kiftdi^ss, bowfcVcr^ still pre Vaiiled,^ 
atid he again took hitt undef his roof and pkreh- 
tal"£t(Factions* Here he contiiiu^d for some timd 
a mere walking gentleman. At last the-fatbef,' 
by k'^y <^f giving him ^tne employment, a^ well 
as, soccfie weanBT-o-ift^e by, proposed hife tramlatiiifg; 
si>the b6(ik, and pointetl out to him Le Monde 
Primlif. \\t acbept^d the pt(5posal, &n<l the fa- 
ther soon after got him ari engageWilent for thi$ 
purposev ' He pro<5ee<ted o^this woVk for some 
time; but his early dissipations again broke oUf/ 
s^as to impair his constitution, and of course un- 
fi]t him f<>r business. .; : k '^ 

It was 4* vaift ^hfeit hirftither threatened attcf^ 
rmioi(^ti*atfed^-4Mj»fi^ime8 actually turning him 
CMktibf ttehbofe^,"m»d tli^ti taking him in again; 
tiying* ev^ry ^possible/ riffethod to reclaim him. 
Tbc consequence of repieated irregularities at last 
produced a locked jaw, and it was with some diffi- 
culty he was enabled to swallow his victuals. In 
this wretched state he lahguisltctl' for ^ome time, 
''-'-- ^ jji.n *• . .. ^' ' ' and. 

Digitized by 


ib4 Kafpiiilyi for hmp^iedl is&w ycarsr hpfore Jthc 

- Macklin w»ixbtiir.^nr?fiidT«t tkatlera \iiheii tke 
getterality:>fof inettvsl[>'«idtai«^d: in age iw^gin *g 
feel its misetves^^irik 4ti^^<iii|g4:l»d great majority 
.of their contemporaries, relations, frienils, and 
afquaijatiapfi^^i droppiag off^<)iini4 fhem, leafing 
U?c«i more qbeerle^s, ap4 more- jucut 
pafhfc t^, i»iiiisitcf> ekber t% tbftmsielve^ Qtmh^m 
t}ipif>|?a89iest .pr tJOmfprta Qf li/^. U^ however* 
ll4d ^is fxi^lweholy sceae mQre in pros^ct thaii 
idirSe^Tsajtipp ; as, tboug^ wto^^t' tip age of ^eighty- 
si^, be walked: firm m^dereqti cob^erserii||faHlt«» 
ly.ap^ pkasatitly with feis:ffieftd% aCd had i« Wl 
profession, as well a$ looking forward t<^ tl^e <la* 
ties^of'it^ at least, tfe^ l^ope ^nd cbeerful-ufiss of 

He continued in this manner, wJtl>.8!CftrxJeIy any 
visible . declension in his powers, till the 28th of 
N^yember, 1788, I^Jff n,»|of;jthe Ar§^ tm%^ HuSir 
Pertinax Mftc Syqqpb^nt, Mk^^m^^h^mlm re-i 
collection-. The an^ifpjefe .wcffe^kipdileoJtJugb to 
impi^tedus want, of . H>empry»ja$r^)^cb ,tQ Jthe. ; 0xr 
trerne length of the part, a3 to the very advanced' 
age of the pprformer;; but be felfc sjMoetbing more 
serious witbiia hilnj^if, tbana^ca^ualkpae of in£- 
iiiory, aix^ addre3§4ng tbe audience in ^.3bort 
speepb, told them, ** that, unless he found him- 

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self more capable^ be should nerer again venturt 
to solicit their attention." 

He, however^ rallied after this, so as to ^ gain 
not only his usual applause, but encourage a hope» 
that his theatrical labours ^wre not as yet at theif 
final close. 

In the begiTiniiig of the next year (10th Janu'* 
ary, 1789) he attempted Shylock in the Merchant 
of Venice*^ part; though full of bustle, distinc-^ 
tio©, and. attention, yet not;,hy any means so Ibng 
as- that of Sir Pertinsix-H-but hece bis reeollection 
again failed hifti. He made a very forcible apo- 
logy to the audience on account of his great'age, 
and assured them, ** it should be the last time of 
bis appearing befiwe them, if he did not find his 
health fully re-established enough for that pur* 
pose." The applause of the audience to this 
speech seemed to rouse him, and he finished the 
part with tolerable success, 

' ' • -' ^ 
His fast attempt on the Stage was on the 7th 
^f May foltewiftg^ in the character of Shylock, 
for his own benefit. Here, bis imbecilities were 
previously foreseen, or at least dreaded, by the 
Manager; bu1|:wbo, knowing tbe state of Mack- 
lin's finances^ g^e, with bis usual liberality^ this: 
indulgence td bis age dnd necessities; and, t^ 
prevent the disappointment of tlie audience) (who 


Digitized by 


ht fcuewv &oiii long ekperiente, wete always ready 
to assist in those Kberal: iiidulgendaijto an old 
and meritorious servant,) he had the late Mr. 
Jlyder tinder^studaed in the pirt, ready dresjetl to 
^upply. Macklin's deficiencies, ifnwcessaryi The 
presoaution afterwards proTcdsa ' 

When Macklin had dressed himself for the part, 
^rMch f he did with his usual acctiracy, he went 
iRto^tiw IG reen Room, but with such: a. *' lack-lustre 
lookwg ,eye/' J as plain I j^ indicated his inatbihty to 
|>erft)rm^ ;attd comm'gi up to thtj^late Mrs, Pjope/ 
ftaid^ ■* JViy diajj,: are you to play to mght?*'-^ 
*^ Gp#i God! tojbieaurel atn, Sir. Mh% don't yoa 
Sfe I atn dressed for Portia?" ** Ah I very true; 
1 bad forgot~-But who is to pky ^fiyloek ?"— 
3rhe imbecile tone of voice, and the inanity of 
look, with which this last question was asked, 
caiised a melancholy sensation in all who heard 
it;, .At Jast Mrs, Pop^, rousing herself,, said, 
" Why you, to be sure; are not you dressed*foc 
the part?" — He then seemed to recollect himself, 
and, putting his hand to bis.forebad^ patheti- 
(jaHy, exclaimed, '* G©d help me— tmyimKemory,':! 
ani afraid, has left me.". ' , .^ 

H^,' however,, after this, went upod the Stage, 
and^ddivered two 4)r. three . speeches ©f. Shylpcfc 
is* a. manner that evidently proved he did not un- 
derstand what he was repeating. After a. whiles 


Digitized by 


he rcooverediiiniidf a ritUe,aii4 seemed ttf make 
an effort to rot^ tiirotpif ; bair in' vain-^N<itufe 
cdaid assist. him bo Mtherj^i^fid/' after psi;ii6hi^ 
isometirne, va&if botisiderit^ what^todo, be iSk^ 
came forward, and informed the audience, ^,^Thidk 
he now found he was unable to proceed in the 
part, and hoped they i^oaU accept Mh RydeF as 
his substitute, wbo>'u«rs> labtaxiy |]itepeTOd to tfiiuiliL 
4t. *' The audience . accepted iiis ia^logy ^ wifib ^ 
mixed applause of i i]^di%encd and oommiBeratiUi 
-rsand ht reared from the Sta^efor ever/- r * It 

Though Maekfin,had thus fcettred fromliis^ptfa^ 
fessiona) business throvgh a^ mcipacity df ine^ 
mory, he. was &rfrom feeling theh>firmHie& of 86 
advanced an age in the private habits of 'Kfe : h^ 
lived much abroad,^ as usual took bis Ions: M'^tds; 
jtoW his anecdotes with tolerable recoHectioii, atld 
almost/ every nighti frequented a^ public-house in 
Duke!s Contt, Covent Garden, where numbers 
used to resort to hear a man of the seventeenth 
century relate the wonders, and CiiHosities of past 
timev ' . 

It was at this aera that many. i^tQri^ and dnec- 
iic^tes of the tbcatrical characters in days of yore^ 
lia^e gone abroad in the worlds very little found- 
^ cm facts. Not that we believe Mackliu-tver 
sneant to deceive; but, as he depended ioqjvk 
^rhronology more ftom some correspohdiflg facts 
i^- than 

Digitized by 


^imlfOf^tUiPUf. ift^hlcb ^aoy peepte faU ioctd from 
hfAim^ iBd in^tmit}9v^) he was oftj^ti tnaccDmte; 
49iA acimelMBOsihii very.«3eiitial jpaa^ of: hiaowa 
Wi«>ry./- - .^ .^ • P : . - .:: Ui:i: J .• .. ^. -: /. 
:>nf /ri L-. '.^.:.: >^' ! ■ : - -, j 'Ji( d • • -L r' . - . 
vr E*r/ifast4fi(»TMrii*iicver te's^t^ebf his jfirst 

^c»ivl79$$'ad^ dtt)bgii.tbt8 putjtf^'sp reiharkai- 
Uc}#it4ootiu>odo£; tibc ride of- hb thsatrtcaiE hidaa, 
that one.ntaiild Bti^Dse hts.i^iftaii &mr miut be tbe 
highest authority, yet the fact was otherwise, as 
:thiff^;f|t?€r»writtow^o«iinife»tfe,iib0th by the plisiy- 
ImAIs af the dajr^ aodLOthey "vtciachoS) which ascsei^ 
,taini)i«;iirfttiii|)()eafance m this.tkatsicter to foe<m 
the : t4«h of Fetetiary, 1 740^1 . .Sook is the Mgtect 
i^Ca* Vijttteaiutbinietical knowledge,, 'which the vii^ar 
Jinoimaarty dqwrived of from early ignofaaiee; feat 
.:\^lH«h the Jeanied too^often ridicolcmsly despisf,' 
^ ttftworthy to iMnglie hi their lligter rdsraTClaei. 

; Mt \\ras, jtotidthstanding,. at this period^ oflto 
a very curious, entertaining, j\nd informiii^ pe*L 
son to spend an evening with— to those who 
jk,naw Iwa t€«nper, a^ would not draw him into 
Wo^ OtgiMiaientis ''atid. coDtradtctioi3B, sntl' ecudd 
sometimes, [bring him back to his rccolteotoofi 
^Inmt puj^Bc eveutei If he *^vas not always e»- ' 
^tly right abo\$^ nanies, dates; or plaxres^ hecovM 
jteilpi^ny, dctaiJi,...aijd Httlc.cihciMiastaiiecay wMeh 
. i.r none 

Digitized by 


nme hn^ iiti^g^wit«wses- .ftaurfecS ' weHrr^ltfe : hfe 
could likewise tell tim)%tQtnp(^rj^: tkit ti];nea;wfa^ 
such things happened, and prove it by corroborat- 
ing events. ^Hrese h^^bftfen accompanied with 
sijch shre^^ i^^i^i^ >as shewed he was never an 
inattentive observer of M'hat was passing before 

Me«t}|^§ yi^b, )tl^^^f^J9(ipi^C9jF4hese anecdotes iu 
one of his morning rambles, he asked him where 
be. HSH^lly.^^t4ji9^f^?i4^|;s^ ^?,]ie sjiould he ^ad 
to.m^^wit\i §9fr|*^9f^^his; 9ldj,^(;^pa^^^^ Tlpe 

easuipg Sat^J^jf^eye?U|)g^, >Ka? rapjp^iBJjed^ at, the 
Fouqjtain in,.th^.§tj;a^^^^ ijoj; j^j^ly, several 

of his oW .frjl^(?pd8,,n^ej;;^ Jbut two .^r tjUjee others^ 
(one.Qf them a learned. anci respec|:ab^ pig^ita^jf: 
of the. Church) who wpr? ci^riQuS'to hearthe cour 
versation of a man that had lived so long; and, 
bustled so much in the world. On the morning 
ofthatday^ horv^^pyer^ the Gentleman who made 
^he a^poii^tn^e^t :witti him received the foilowing, 
no.te^: ' . • I • ' 

/i>E£^l« Si-ri/ ■;- - ' •' '^ ' ■•• -^ •'■> ^■ 


., '^ I a|p SO; ilj^^with the . rheumatiso) that I , .caA- * 
nat :iea>;e my: bpd. • ,(>ur ,mutuial friend^ Pn, 
Br/jcklesby, has oonfinef^ me there fpr thJ3 mof a-; 
i|ig;;..50 tliat I am afrabdithe morning and tha 
c^yec^og; Ayill ucjit only be thej^zw^ ^dy — butjthat X 

Digitized by 


njjv/ i'^iu^^"^0'):.i;'^.IW•"«l.!S^^Sef?^y',.lu ... \i^^. 

'* P. S. My respects to your associates— tliey 
know the business of life must be attended to. or 

we ^mm^m^^miimmsH^^ 

bl^^'liea^A !iis vcfJi-e^bfi'th^ ^dfrsj^Vety' far from 
the torife of a'siilt; maiir glVi'n^:^iteidiir about 
hi^iu^^r".'"' ■'•'''- ""■' ^^^! '-'"IK ioiic.'..; .. 
;-.::. ..-..- ',:;. ,.J .b.;.-.v 3:."; iii ajL-t.: o. .■>.»;; .. 

. W'heii • lie* '4jk ann6iifi^e<|7^ ati'tf^ad '- t^k^ii IjiV 
^at," he tofd lis, as th6"i)aiii ''hid i^ft hi'm, h& 
thought he was authorised, like the man in scr5i>^ 
ture, "to take up his bed and walk." — Exercise 
always did him more good th^fi phywt, and so* 
ciety had always a double charm on him.*' Then 
tdVn'n% abouif tb the Wrtl!V,'"^"yell;- Sii', We 
yt)\i rteolletti?d 'wfet'"fybrdered fo'r'suj)}iei*?**^' 
"Oyes/S^V; perftctlj^^ \Mi^Lafrt6^s'}'^^''^'^i 
thouglii'so, byG^^!^N'o;Sir, (w'kli ^ io\ce4M 
^tJ^nt6r,)'L'aM'i- •^ot/--thai: is-td' sky, -thos^'f^V^s 
■''-'' ■ - of 

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of the lamb which you tisiiaUy fry, I must hava 
boiled, with a little parsley and butler ; for I have 
no teeth for your damned hard frys." His sup- 
per soon after was served up according to his di- 
recticbis^ which he seemed to like, and eat with a 
y^ry good appetite. 

* It was previouBly settled by the company, not 
to draw bjmf into long stories, nor ' to cotttnadict 
him; as it was foutid,by the sad eKpericbc^ of 
many then present, fh«rt tliis precaution was nc^ 
cessary.. The plan suoceedfed ; when feeKrig him- 
self kt liberty to be " the hero of his little tale,'* 
be went into a number of anecdotes ^ past times, 
which, in many insfclnces; coitipaped witli the pre* 
sent, foniied a contrast scarcely credible ; parti- 
cularly in the general article of living; where 
board and lodging did not e^rceed thirty* pounds 
jfer year, and where the best apartments on the 
first ik>or about Co vent Garden, run from eight to 
ten shillings per week; Very creditable trades- 
men, St that time, used to purchase tl4eir steaks 
or chops at the nearest market themsefves, and 
have them dressed for pothing at the public-house 
they resorted to ; and this, with a pint of porter^ 
or ar glass of punch, nMrmed the expences of the 
eveiihig, which generally did not exceed above 
sixpence or eightpence. They had the use of the 
newspaper, too, at the 9ame time, which was ge- 
nerally read by some one man ^^//-appQinted for 

Y that 

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892 . ;H»li&(MB«:Of • 

tiuttipiiirprcrsl, x^lit) r&^A,:f>n tbougbt feei could rea#^ 

Fleet street, was any relation of 1^? Tpwhicb be 
answered, rather shortly, ** No, Sir — I am the 
liN^ qimff^ wme'^th&fyrw iio:oj|hef ^foektia be- 
fetB Hierr-a« I kftveuted it merely la. gfet lid oi 
Ihafe ihr^i IkJ^i iiamt, JVC'LongfeU*." . *^ But 
migbit iioil(.$ucl^>a;;9dibQ e^ti^t witho«i6 your: hmtm^ 
">ft it V\ (^(iicl a Digtiktey ;of the Church pr«»OTkt) 
"^ Ko, Sir,:' (grwlmg^'^. '' Why, myf.l thiak 
of H, (tepljfti lhcotbe«,).tb^ewas aprii^ler tor 
waKl^. the close of tb^ eixtewth.ceakiwy^near 
"tem^l^ filiV of that n^^e :!\at^. ap|»otli(ig:ti^>a 
CJerttitenwtt prfcseot^ very con^y^nt ift Wack;letter 
k^rnmg^ ^' I believe you hiight have s»eii book* 
^^hiaprwwtrog," ^ O, y^l (^ya the other,) 'sevtf- 
eal Mtk *he name , of MackJiu at tjhe bottfloi of 
thfi tMtle^ge," Upon this: w)st of tlm.otMikp^^ 
Mf^miwJ^ ^^Wellr Mt.4 MiackJi»^ wb4*.^o you 
»ay: now ? Hei^e is^ piiod' p^itivev"i^«^;Sa3f .Jiow^ 
Sar^ (says Maofcloi;) why aW I have tid iwyjS'tbw, 
(looking the tw^. Anti%Uiari«iis fuH m\ %]m faioei) 
that . black-letter men wiW //^. like otb«rni«n*.V 
This, gmmev et^ howcvjqr, dy^d not iiltrrrMjpil tbt 

* Tills comparison was made 1(5 yeari agu-^What* a still 
greater contr^t ftiivst appear now; when atmoit i^very arth^lfe 6f 
4i£e lias rben double ! 

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QOi|ti;u#f^ I* ^b^ 4^4: of til^^ fsyflPipg i «xlHbUtflg i^ 

Notwithstanding Ma^^i^'f ye^i^ t^^v^^Q^^ ?g& 
it made very little impression on his understand- 
ing in t^ prop^r^iof i hp stiU icofltMHfled hi* m(»n- 
iUflr pMnhlff, W* ^Q/?^i(m^ visits tPf^S Tl^fiatf^i 
aa^ l^^^lernof^^ fllnh j^t (?ovflnt Gar4^ft;; wh^f^ 
^iWBifM^ff^h H«le, »fl4 hy ^^^«,yfitM ^oyrt 
ed ^:pTPffl9t^ Qowvflfsatiw a94Wl*i|i^y..: 

v.. ■:"■„,: . ■• ■■•'.• •.••'. ■; : '• 

Vm9 who Iwiew ]W«. mflftt iptimfttefy J* tbJ« 

pcrif»4, JievftT W<39 h%4 Jft ^0% |)«t ti»t * WJ^B 9f 
W^JteiaglSvity, l^slwglK ^(m9,tk>» iff rhft Th?i»tjre, 
and, above all, his intimate k]90^j«^g§ >of thif 
world, had sufficiently provided for bis indepen- 

a^I, tb^/9^^t»gpf ^fl p?flwp^ pf »iilwg ft p»»* 
yifii^/^r <?W i^,;ii(figitbff,alft>g;e,|feer, neglected 
jt, op;,d9p^f4ft9P .fweb.w^be 900rtn«*an.ce «f 
Sfrftfig,b«a|tb WO»ftmif<l>(Bcftk«e; i^erfcapf, Hko 
% FffiiK^b wit, "li9b»d.Hy.ed§^.h>jig, tbatjw 
tfen^^gi* Pw# »a^ghit;kay*> forgot ,bi«, .*im1 was 
lo^ ,t»f|e pi»?%*^ojtt, :fi^ ff^rsl ^«tti»g bis 
»dp^iis»|y, jn.apfiiiv^.of hm" Tbefapt Vf.a$, though 
;^%9}^i^ wsftaJwaysifjiH.pwrf for fej? ^nkots, both 

■ Ya long 

Digitized by 


981 HEifoira br 

long lit any tmt engagement. He wa»^reckonc# 
to have befwiged to more TBeatres tlttti any bhc 
taan of hw lime; and though^ h* ttiigfelt <rf*eh'g«f 
an advance of salaiy by this transition, 'tlrt'hitcr- 
vals of being unempioyed, lAe^kpenees ^tittveP 
ling, shifting of lodgings, &c. &c. made heavy 
drawbacks on his fortune. : / * 

. He was, beside this, fbnd of hw-mtts: 'Not 
that he vfto ^litigious man upon tricking, oir^jt* 
terested principles, but he ever hid a jealbusy of he^ 
mg imposed upon by Managers. Hfeofterfdid not 
see things in the clearest light : he thought? %ooj" 
that he understood law better than he really did : 
so that, from a combinatidn of all theefe '^^i^Mm- 
stances, Macklin wis seldom out of the Cod^rfcs— ^ 
a situation that generally teaves a m^ edaiiJderiH 
Wy out of pocket - ; ^^^' -^ 

I ji the managementof his private affairt, 'hi 
Tms alwayi a ifeserVedman : his engagert»ent«>' *hts 
disbursements, Bco. v^ere all ^f bis oWn-'atAfege^ 
toent, without any |j*rririt*ed 'intei*^retfi*>cyT)fi' 
femily ; and a;s he paid alt his expences puncftiiil- 
ly, and never seemed to wAnt money propi^tibnSrte 
to the scale be lived on^ liis niost ihtilAc^^ ¥614- 
tives and fViends took it #» granted, thdt he 4fj0i* 
fkr from a state of indig^iice : imt thd fcalb df ifee 
cannot long go on (particnhrly as-ttey **!kWte 
M^ioiiestman) widiout m^on^y. - tbkiksi^tftitfa* 
.-^': / i' ■ ed 

Digitized by 



qd ^i^mi. to })is wift, who, upoai^spccticin in-^ 
to bisj^flRaiirSi (which bc perhaps^ for i\\^Jirst tknt 
permitted,) found hi*. whole remaming. f9rtui30 
did j|^Qt qoQfiist of above sixty poinds in. montyy 
and . a trifling annuity of about ten pounds per 

Friends were immediately consulted on what 
was best ^o be dpue. ^ It >yas at 6pt prop<^sed to 
procure a benefit^^play ; and the Manager of Covent 
Garden Theatre^ with that liber^ty which l>as 
ever distinguished him, at once oifered him his 
house free of all expences. It was, however, ve- 
ry prudently re-considered, that a benefit could 
notpossibly embrace the gratuities of all his friends 
scattered in different parts of the three kingdoms. 
The plan wa3 therefore changed to that of pub- 
lishing his two celebrated pieces, *^ The Man of 
the World," and " Love k la Mode,** by subscrip- 
tion ; and Mr. Murphy, who suggested the plan, 
followed it up by the offer of becoming the Edi- 
tor, from motives which he thus feelingly des- 
cribes in hk advertisenieBt to the publication. ^ 

^M look back with inward satisfaction to the 
share I have had in serving Mr. Macklin's inte^ 
rest Afi^ soon as I was informed that he was so 
§u imiNured by years, as to have no prospect of 
appearing . again in ^the exeri::ise of his profession^ 
I made it my business to visit an old friend, whom 

Y 3 I had 

orgitiz^d by 


I hid \btfg hkma brfd t^toW: At<!h4i rfedhrle# 

1 prdj^^ed i6 hi A theplail of jMibliihftig 1^ SiHtn 
fceriptionreoiiVirKJed, a& I tra*, thAt A gbAeWW 
public >tOuM «4kte jtoto eotiisidetali^tt the Cttse^^ 
i tettWttAftttfr, Who had exwted hh tttlfeiitsi dar- 
ing a series of near seventy years, to promote use* 
ful mirth, and the moral instruction of ' the Stage.** 

Hikt M*. ']V|utphytlittnot*terratfe{het!^iaim« 
%rhifch MA<ik»h httd oti WW protection of the piib*- 
fie, Wfe subjoin the fb!k>Wing letter fit>ta ttee ktc 
gii* J^tph Mb^rbey,' as a spccitteu. 

i .'..../' • * " . ' '•*• 

/* ^0 Doctor JJaockx-esby^ , 


. *^ Hbviftg heard^ last Bigfat, that a plati had been 
adapted for t!^ Tcltef of Mtk M^dklb, I feuMrfr sent 
five gvin^fts^ which I desire jroil ViU4pt>fy as.m^ 

*^ ladeipisftdeBt of .the.fdeasuK I have received 

from the writings and action of that celebrated co- 
nfediaiiv Mr. MftcUtfi has a peculiar chum dntne 
&om tht foUbVis^^ c»rc«ras1nunce» i 

i <' Oa ifoe death e£ ile^tod €aok(k,* aiKmi: tbe 
pod of^fae yelr 1 T\$l^: at Sfrtstb LunfartK myself 

. * . ^ ;.^ J -i *v. * .' ' . ^' and 

* Usually called so from hit being the translator of Hetiod, 

* . Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


imd AAottier gentleman, set on foot a private sub^ 
scription for burymg him^ and for the relief of liis 
wife and only daughter. Whilst be ye^ lay dead 
m the house, I related to a friend at the licdford 
Coffee-house an a^dcountof his death, and the dis- 
tress of hki family, in the hearing of Mr. Macklin, 
then standing near, the bar; immediatdy after 
which, though I had never spoken to liim before, 
nor have at any time since, Mr. Macklin addres* 
sed mc in words to die following purport:-*-** I 
am much concerned. Sir, at hearing tiie mdant 
choly account you hare given of poor Cooke and 
his family: I had a respect for him whilst living; 
and you will theteSdrc oblige me very much, if 
yoa M^nip^nmt me to add my mite to the subt 
8erfj>tioii yo^ bare soiapdably set on foot ;'- and 
he gave me ^urogutneas. 

^^ Skieh an iinexpeeted act of genuine, benero- 
leade kM^ ^m tibce impressed my mtnd with It 
most favourable opinion of the goodness of Mr* 
Macklin*s heart ; and I have scarce ever heard his 
name ntentit>ned in private qpmpaaiies, without 
telKttg it to his honour. 

*^ If you should think the publication of thia 
anecdote^ at this time, « would be Usffui to Mr. 

Y 4 . Mackli*^ 

Digitized by 


93S MiEtlOf RS OF . 

Macklin, ymi haVe my leave to make it known 
in any manner you shall choose* 

*M^m, dear Sir, , , 

^^ with much Bespect^ 

^* Your faithful humble Servant, 

" Joseph Mawbey, * 
^^ Great George Street^ Westnunater, 

In short, this plan succeeded to &e whrhes ofbi% 
friends. A subscription was set on foot, under the 
patronage bfuhe late Dr. Bfocklesby, JohnPaltner, 
Esq. of Bath, and the late Mr. Longmttn^ the book^ 
teller, who kindly acted as trustees oiv ttiia occa-^ 
^ion, which produced tlie sum of 1&9&, lltk' 
with part of which they purchased an anoiiiity of 
2001. for Macklin's own life, and 751. for that of 
Mrs. Macklin, if she survived him ; which came to 
105«1. 19m. fid. The rematnlfier, was^ a{>plled' to 
liis immediate relief, uTider. Ibe divectiicm €^ t^e 

trustees. • ; ; 

■ ' ' * ' . - • . *' 

■ The bpoks wci» ddivered to the subscrtbers 
early in 1793, in a quarto edition> very elegftQtly 
printed, with an engraved head of the Author, 
dedicated* to the late Earl Camden, whiohv as we 
are informed it ^ was written (or at least rough 
drawn) by Macklin himself, we shall insert as a 
specimen how strong his intellect mu«t have been 
at so very advanced a period of life. 

Digitized by 


** To Eael Campen* j 

"My Lord, . : < ^ .-. : -n .:... i 

*' The permission with which your Lordship 
has been p^ea^^ed to honour ^le^- calls ^c^ the 
wannest ackm^wlcdgments ^of respect and jgniti- 
tade. The polite condesp^i^siop. with whicjb^ be- 
fore that time, ]l had been^^diflitted to your Lord- 
sl)ip> preseiK;e» was always^ pQjjsid^ije4 by. p^e as 
the happiest ixif^Atnt qf^ n^y^ life^ ;I fcnejjr fron^ 
what a^ height your Lorcjsbip^.jbeh^d .me VjK^Y 
httnjble stati^onr-yqu loo^ed^^ X may ^ay^. ifron^ 
Shakespear?!s, cl;flF,. a,nd sa^w^^ wQpe tha^ ktdjwqy^ 
iffumi 4t rmm gqtfi^ring ^^Jtbi^ jRepjeatedoblir 
gaticms taught me to flatter myself, that in th^ 
evening of my days^ I had obtained a Patron; and 
what at first was vanity, soon turned to grati- 
tude ' .. . - 

. "I will not attempt, my Lord, to disguise, 
that, in my ambition to prefix, an illustrious tiame 
to this edition, there was a secret tincture of selff 
interest Under your Lordship's patrpuagc, I 
had no doubt of success.. The facili^^, wjjth which 
my request was granted, sliewe4 with w^t,jl^ne- 
vokttce you w^re, ready to >diey^ the wa^t^ and 
£p6th tlM^ langnor, of declif in^g^^ge** But I ff)rl?ie;^ 
^.e^lffge upon the^^ubjeij;^, , Jl;fm allowed to 
in^ribe such w<f1^ as^.|2)^<^.tay9u^^rfl3hip, 
-\ '* but 

Digitized by 


but not to speak the language of tny heart; and 
thus, -whilst I fcnoWhat is due to your virtues, 
I am bound to consider how litde your ear will 
endure. ' 

** But, my Lord, rirnce truth itself is stispccted 
in a dedication ; since, as your Lbtdship is pleased 
to sa^, Tt is seldom read, and never believed ;"f 
hope I tttay be permitted to descend to an hnmbier 
subject.- CHd age is^ narrative, a^d delights^ in 
egotism*. I beg Ifeavc to avail niytelf of the pri* 
vileg^. The' honour of being distingirished by 
SLord CamdeA, has put me oti better terms with 
myself; and though I fed the syrbpftoms natnml 
Id a long Hfc, I cab boast with pride^ that I kno^ 
the value of tlie obligation, ahd to whoni Pam 

" My memory is not so bad, but I can stifl re- 
member the eminent Lawyer who figured at the 
bar forty years ago, and soon became the chosen 
friend of the great Earl of Chatham. I remember 
him in the office of Attorney General, support- 
fag at once the prerogatives of the €rown, wid 
the rights of the Ptople; a friend to th* liberty 
of the Press, yet a controller of rmcentiniisness, 
and a^rm defender icrf the piinciples of the Revt^ 
hrtion. 1 remanb^r the same great Lawyer pre- 
siding in the Court of Common Pleas; arid I was 
present, tm a '^greaf i>ccafto% -when-^iienrf«wrf^ 
S rants^ 

Digitized by 


M-hi* feet. '■ r •'-. '■-.•; -^^ '- ' ' - -' 

'* I remetnbet the saT*tte'j^£A J«d^c in tlw 
hJgfcest CourtofJiidiciturc, deciding, like Lord 
Hardwicke, with coen-hcAtlkd jusikt; uikI, nfter 
a regular gradation of honours, I now see him 
Pireiidetxt of Ae Cdunoil^ where he sit$ in judg- 
tntht, di8j)ensitig litw atid equity tballMs Jl^jes- 
ty*s foreign tfominidti*, '^nd, ^as Shakespeare wysj 
** beating his fecnlties so meek, so clear in hii 
gteat bffice,^ that a pul^ adtniiii$tration of jttstiee 
5s acknowledged to flov through aW parts oFtbe 
British Empir^. 

" My memory, my Lord, is not exhatrstedj 
but I hasten to a recent febt. When theXibel 
Bill was depending in Parliament, I know who 
was the orator in the cause t)f the Pefople and the 
^6nistitution. By that Bill, which, with your 
Loftf8hip*S support, has happily passed into a 
law, I saw it determined, tlrat when a jnry is 
sworn to try the matter in issue, craft and chi- 
dkne are no longer to teach tweke meri to perjure' 
themselves, ^y resignhig the xAtcf part itf theftr 
duty to the discretion of the Court— which has 
7>een femphatiedlly calted ^^The Lawtyf Tyrants.'' 

^ Rut it fe nh for tne to-^ptead^the canvas, and 

liirip^f the 'j)ditrait by isuch'nwak -colourmg ts 

^* ' " mine. 

Digitized by 


$§% y ^mfiiu^F 


mory than I have. In that page, posterity wiU 
be taught to honour the Statesman whose coni- 
pijehensive mind embraces the light of ; r^aaon^ 
the principles of nattural Justice, and the. spifit of 

the British Constitution. 

~ •• . ..^i,. . .,.^>...* 

' ' * • « ' ' , ' \ i. ii 

. ^* These are thetbingis, my J^vAy whjcl^\-wi^ 
every BifitQ% J T&ofipmh^ with pleasure. Xn suph 
^ case it is natural to boast of my memory, . that 
I may, for, the same, purpose^; retain diat faculty 
to. the end of my days; and that the memory, of 
Lo;'d Camdep^ and the*obligations which he has 
bestowed upon me, may be the last to fade frqm 
my mind, is a consummation devoutly to be 
w;i$hedfor. / r 

/^ I have the l^nour to remain, 
i ,. ^ /"Myl^rd, 

, " Your Lordship's most grateful 

" And mosjt devoted huipble Servant 
; "Charles Mackhn. 

- ■ ■■ ' ^ ■* ' . .. . 
MacWin being thus freed froua the wants pf. 

pld age, it seemed to have some immediate eifec^ 
upoa his spirits. ' His friends endeavoured to di- 
•vert bis mind from: projects, (which he was al- 
ways more or less driving at through life,) and 
turned it merely^ toamusemente^ which he seemed 
;0 catch with moire appetite than generally be* 

Digitized by 



lon*s to old age; In the sufntner of that j^eat he 
was oftcti f^hnd' at Sidlcr's Wcfls-, ' AstleyX' am!' 
HdghesV seehied'mtrch pleased with theeiiter-; 
taiiittteAitS' * bf ' <hose ' places, * ahd ' somethtjes'dww 
comparisons between the present and past state oT 
public places with great pleasantry. 

Beitig met ohe night at Sadler's Wells by a 
fHend, who afterwards saw'-fiim home, he went 
into a Wstorjr of that place with an accuracy 
which, though Nature generally denies to the 
fecoHettion of old' age in recent events, sfeems* 
to atone for it in the remembrance of more rfr-' 
mStc periods; ' * ' 

■ ^'-Sir; I remembered the tinie when the price 
of admissioiX here was but three-pence^ except a 
fe^ places scuttled off at the sides of the Stage 
at sixpence, and which were usually reserved for 
people of fashion, who occasionally came to see 
the fun/ Here we smoked, and drank porter aiid 
fran and watfer as much as we could pay for; and 
eVety man had hfs doxy, that liked it, and so 
forth; and though we had a mixturie of very odd 
cdmpany, (for I believe it was a good deal the 
baiting-place of thieves and highwaymen,) there 
was little or no rioting. There was a public then, 
Sir, that kept one another in awe.'* 

Q. **Were the entertaimhents any thing like 
the present?'*— ^X *^ No, no; nothing in the 


Digitized by 


3^ , ^^ J^%^9m^ fyr.,.^^ 

^^PS, of tl^©%^.son^.hal;I^i^lesa^ l|^li^^ 

lofty tuwiblmg^-jM^. 1^^ (hU.;jWftf. dwehy d*yr, 
%t^?'r .^ ^FR, ^^S f<iur ov, five p^hj^it^Qj^ ^yij*. 

Q. ^\And how long did these continue at a' 
tinwff*^*— -4- ^'Wl^/ % 4t,,4fp^4e4 ^ipoi»: .ff r- 
oumstai^ces* The grapi^ietor^J^J^ ^wf^y&a M^ 
on t^ outside of the hioatl^ f p ^ji^lc^ate boy i^Wk^ 
iij^p?ople werie ccjU^cted for a spco^d jexljibjtiof, 
i^wJ.when he. thought there were qaoi^gh^ hi^e^p^ 
tftth^^baqk of tbe:ujxp«rse^t$, ^14 ^W^ out, *'^ 
Hirmn Fisteman here?'' (this was the cant wor4 
agreed upon betweeen the parties, to know the 
rt^te of the peppl^ mthout;) :upqDi. which they 
9o^ud€d the entertainment with ^ ,song/ di^, 
lai^apd. that ^v»clieuoe, and prepared for a second 
rj^fff^tatioo,'; . , . 

Q. '\ Was' this iR,Rosftmou'.^,tiw^r'-^-4. '^ Ho^ 
no, Sir f long beforei^ Not, but oJdJBosamon im- 
proved it a good deal, an4 Jt brieve raised thc^ 
price. giBptrally to ^ixpence^ and in -this way;go<f 
a^^pat deai of money- Sir, VW %t]X you an au©?-; 
dote of him* When Rosamoa b^g^ ta scratch 
togo^ior some cash, hf lodged it inth^ Bank of 
England; and as he incrensed it, did the same ta 
a considerable amount. His friends khoiving him 
tojfeari^rh^man, aiwi%dii»^:l«w hppwt^^uthis 

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him : h% cQiM Ujr AV^% i^* jfortuw, nfri^ %% \^ut 
^qpmii Mifiwltssi; 9^^ get 4nt;uiDere9t. of &)^«r.pcr 
«ra4* U« «^^%«t doubC^d ihp^rmiXyi but tlidy 
ranking^ if plaim to. hWf b^ ^ai^ d^termjneci;. fk«tbe 

2H»t dfiiy to iHe Bmk^ and,- rtUhor in a Q9af^,4¥4y^ 

to aaother .ofllQe U> have bU, voucher ^^aoHM^i 
fae to<i4( £w, fit this, ajid ca^fid out befigf^rtbeai 
^ ** HoWop^i J/fi#«er/— yon ,witb a pCTr «tim^ 
beUod y^Mkf &%xrriow of the orderly and fs^l^JiUaf 
)iabito of tbme dio»)--yw» have been robbjf^ jitia 
af Ite uitBnfot Aif 8»y moiicy : fok several y^an^. And 
momjQH^ vtaiHtJottke the priD(Cfpal-**4i wiHi't;d<ii, 
my kmowiog o»; rill»ve jpiy toits-^^ ca4l ^fofii 
foj money) — D— mn me I'll have my /o^«*H^ 
look to it." The Cashier instantly saw what sort 
of a iran he had to deal with; ^ it»medla«ely 
senton^ of the clerks rouBd, ^to^iave bHl nf^f exf? 
amdoed, and ptid ofF. Ro&aaftQni th^t> invesl^d bit 
mraey in tbe three pier oe&ts, and on hip firM^ iK^ 
ToAEod^ he waa so pleased at tha.cifciifnf^titiiQcw 
tiiftt It gave hit frteudd apnbUodinnieiiontba 
nccaaton." ;: .' 

; ; When Macklin alluded to the aMcature of <^^mf1^ 
may whids resorted to Sadfer's Wdla at thia 4»fy^ 
yii. ^/ dot it was tkt odcaskmal baiting^pbica of 
thieves^ MghimympDi. and. dbcMdcflj: ppf$ons»*' 


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936 ^ ^w*&it^<nh'^^ 

ParliifnMtiifry Di&Wieli^koiMhv^^ Mfb6«qti«n«' «^ 
«nfe^o» (f 751> it? ii ^Wtc<J> »*^ ^aft A^ ^fi- 
gacy df^tbfe ^btflM€fti*'^p^le^^ll«^(f%i^ iB6be-feg«il 

<:iity aft(t'tb#tt'>'^*»J^, alnw^^^ve^y villajge had ^bl^ 
66itibU€&^ irf<islc,»^inbibg/ and gaming/ TPhi? 
McajfolHAed a {>^^fg}ou$ disfiipation o^ the titn^^ 
moneiyi 4iid^>mdril*,^f the loM^f orders of people* 
Mdbb^^riefewe^esb frequent, » that the^enorniicy irf 
lite ctiiAif (was almost effaced* in th^^nidds of the 
p«&(iie; and toothings was more c^mfiMH than to 
' tdVWrti^ in 'the n«w4papers, aji impniiity to any 
pei^ott ' #ho c^nld' Ibrrpg* to a partynhat was vob*^ 
bed; ther^Hetts that h^ been itak en i^Krom thcm^ 
istAd^* Ihat too with a >reward axxordtng to the 
irahie. . ,. . 

'^ trho6«di«ordetB\<^ere very justly ascribed, in. 
i^'l^aft ineti»6nre,itd'the^Ktravagancies of the com*" 
iMn* people ; arid therefore a Bill 'w%s brought i in 
fbrtha better preveritiflg tJiefitB.and robberies^ 
ind f6r fegnlating places of public-en tei*iainment> 
and ^ {:KUmlHhg' peof(l# keeping disorderly housed. 
The operation of this Bill, when it passed ike 
House of Commons, was confined to London and 
Westminster,' ^anil 'twenty miles round ^ and ' all 
pet^ijfr Willhift^Kit^diFduit Mnere required to take 
out lk^4DCf$«siftdm tfatt ju3CicBs*of the peaee of the 
cdunty^ ; aMeiMitedS ati dseinquartorJgettions, . ber 
* ■ . fore 


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fore theyjconid open atfy. roQiii or place for public 
damsinf;^ mu^iQi pr^ay pther entertainment of ibe 
like kind. Several other regulations, regarding 
idle, disorderly, or suspected persons and bouses, 
^N^e iv^fftied i|i. tb^ i^afttjeA^t, and pecuniary as 
wfilbas cbrporal penaitiie$ .were affixed totb^ tran$* 
gfessora." , , 

.1 Wl>bttr>ve thus describe the estate of 3VI;ackll»*9 
mmdh afcid Im c^a^iotial pleasantries, it wa^ 'm the 
ai!ia»ci(of 1793. : S<^rt after tbiis, ^ vjsibjftchaoge 
topk>i]^ace, :both Jn.rjiind and iperian ; the ravages 
of tiiii&i^aow begflin visibly to appear,^ and a^ 
ythen mefif.^ wcUtas things,, temd to ruin, (wht<?h 
Qtntio.tbft: repaired,) the devastation spff^ds ra- 
pidly,. J^Jfejee: no longer preserv0d jan;y degireft 
of tbar^ajettr-l^hit^^ye had lost all the iu$^ qf de** 
scribing the moveiwots , of his mjad — aftdi in- 
stead of that erect form, and firm step, which, to 
follow,. i5(»med. to. describe a. man, of fifty, he 
dragged his tegs leisurely after one another, ists^ 
eoa^ioiis. of Jais atate of debilitation, . 

StiB heroctcasioMlly frequented, the pit of both 
Theatresy bqt seeimingly insensible of Avjhat wa$ 
passing before him. Even his faMauri'teipart of 
Shy lock, the part which first established and sup- 
ported his fkme for i^bpveJbatf a century, he^id 
Botkncni^^it when it waK rep»e$ented before him, 
but ftcqucntly aiked,. '' What \f as the play ? and 

Z . who 

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who w^ the pedomittr ^P^ith*wt luiy 6di^ 
mtigle remark, tbati ^ tep^tioii of tlg» umo 
questtotv.: 'i 

Otie <^ die lasfr effiorts of his mmd ^^M o» the i^ 
pearahe^of the i?rift6ie and i^incejstof ^ttles^«t'ihw 
Theatre soon after their marriage. When th^ ttam*^ 
pany rose to salute them, and Macklin amongst 
thfe iiumbef^ thfe Prin^fe wteogiilt:ed hhtt, and^ iWth 
Ikh tfsti^l ^litefi6^, bcfM^ed to JMvnH^axiii^ ifioeiH 
nn^s the :h*kic$6^ id^hiivi^ th^ sainte lidttMV** 
The v^te¥atf fete fhife lik« an el^Wicai Aabk j 
«Ad could talkof u^hjtig eke^ tt^ieh h« t^nthom^ 
iMrt thie dkfiif^ui^d tediftOUf tlfaat 1(IM^p«id hiin 
bf hid I^ti6e^--He eat hfe Mpj^^^wril^ greatefr giwy 
^d^#td^i)»«l t^e cifci«n3taiit^, in; a ^fmtd khut 
of nartaaion, for a^ fiJv»r ^day«i*^fid-til«k,-i!rtida 
aiked»fi[bottt k> ^tttirelif fdfgo* it/ i ' ^ ;-i ' 

HcyW^ rtiekiw!j|ifoiy/ yeikow troly, *o« Swift de* 
^^ibe this^ sMte of lAtVtte in liis sdceutifctif the 
Struldbruggs I aiid what a les^inta ddeiit hold oat 
for human vanity at amy time of Hfe, but more 
l^rticttlai^ty to the impptett aasd ivnrtinmi deui*es 
^ tb^fse wlio are constantly wahing: for jdlcjetfi- 
tfeniit?f of old age ! 

** jWb^fi thfe' Sfi^bmggB «dme tDibu^cDrB^ 
(says he,) wbteh is feokoned dieeictrelni^y-af lir?* 
iftg in .th!6^40iintry, they bad w)* xarij^^ail tlw 


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&iiSB said hifinnities of other oldsnen, rbuttil&ny 
numSf : irbitb aresc frdm die cbrtedful prospect ^ 
uever %hi^^ ' They wer^ »ot ohly ^piniottatty^, 
4>6evifib^ jcovctvKoif nkorose, raitt, tallcative, but in- 
capable of friendship, &ad dead to all jnatUral 9{l^ 
&cta^fn^ vfeidi neretdirsoailkad bfeloiv tb«ir grbutl- 
children. Envy and impotent desires are ^Imr 
prevailing passions. But those objects against 
which their envy seeitieth prlficipafly directed, are 
flie tices of the ybutigei' ^ort, and the destths df 
tlie old. By reflecting on the fortnef, th6y find 
themselves cut off From aTl possibility bf pleasure ; 
and^ M'Tieneyef Ihey see. a funeral, they lament and 
repihe, lliat others are goije to aft harbour of fe^t, 
to which they tlieiiiselves caii ndvef hop6 to ai'- 
riveat. ' 

" Tlxey hav6 no remeriibrance of fhe truth, or 
particulars of any fact; it is safer to depend oh 
common trkditions^ than upon their best recol- 
lections. The least miserable amongst thfem, ap- 
pear tote tliose who turn to dotage, and entirely 
I^se their mewftories. Tliese meet with more pity 
and assistao^c^ becaiise they want iva^j bad qua- 
litiel whidi abound in others* . 

".As io^m as thiy have completed tlie term of 
eighty yettrs^ they arte looked upcm as dead in law ; 
thek heirs -immediately succeed to' their estates; 
on]y a small pittance is reserved for their support ; 

Z g - and 

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340 iiEHOiM or 

and the poor onen are maifitained at the fvMic 
charge. After that period, they arc held iqoipa- 
ble of any employment of trust or profit ; they 
cannot purchase lands, or take leases; neither are 
they allovv^ed to be witnesses in any cause, either 
civil or criminal, not even for the decision of 

nieers and bounds. ■ ; . 


*' At ninety, they lose their teeth and hair; 
they have at that age no distinction of taste, but 
eat and drink whatever they can get, without re- 
lish 6r appetite. The dise^es they were subject 
to still continue, without increasing or diminish- 
ing. In talking, they forget the common appel- 
lation of things, and the names of persons, even 
of thos6 who are their nearest friends and rela- 
tions. For the same reason, they never can 
amuse themselves with reading, because their 
memory will not serve to carry them from the 
beginning of a sentence to the end ; and by this 
defect, they are deprived of the only, entertain- 
ment whereof they might otherwise be capable. 

^^ In their persons, tliey were the most morti- 
fying sight I ever beheld ; and the women more 
horrible than the men. Besides the usual defor- 
mities in extreme old age, they acquired an addi- 
tional ghastliness, in proportion to their number 

of years, which is not to be described.*" 


* However melancholy, this is certainly a correct picture of 
Macklia at this period. The civility of his frame seemed daily 


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CHARLES^ llXCKLia. 3^1 

'Such k the condition of extreme old age 1 and 
nearly such, at the period of ninety-jive y was Macfc* 
lin ! He hngered, however, near three years after 
this, cmwKng about the vicinity of Covent Gar- 
den, » sometimes .visiting that Theatre, which he 
seemingly went to more from the force of habit 
than any gratification, being totally insensible of 
ev^:?y thing — but the music betweeif the acts. 

■ The audience on these occasions venerated his 
conditioin. On his appearance at the pit doori 
no matter how crowded the house was, they rose 
to make room for him, in order to give him his 
accustomed seat, which was the centre of the last 
bench near the orchestra. He generally walked 
home by himsdf, which was only on the other 
side of the Piazza; but in crossing at the corner 
of Great Russel-Street, he very deliberately waited 

Z.3 . till 

more apparent : the imbecility of his mind became daily more 
t>bvious. The only gleams of self-<posses!»ion which he displayed, 
emanated from irritation. He very frequently thought himself 
opposed, or injured; sometimes by his friends, and stjll more 
frequently by his servants. This idea often impelled him to apply 
to Bow-Street lor redress for imaginary grievances.' The Ma»- 
gistrates used to hear him with compassion, sooth him into coip. 
posure ; and very often, before they cou^ld point out to him the 
means of relief, they have discovered that the cause which pro- 
duced the complaint, the person of whom he complained, and 
the reason that stimulated his application, were entirely oblite* 
sated frotn his mind. 

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348 jiitB»«w»s;0r > • 

till he 9aw' the passage tborqw^ily dotnsd of 
coache*. . - , -. '\ ;, 

He sooTietiiDes used ta ebasge^ the sicfi^ hy 
gi)ing to a public-'houfiic in the /neighbouriiopcJ, 
where he took his pint of ale warmed; dpd ir^ 
sireetened vith. JwoY^n aug^, ^^ to lubricate tl» 
lungs, ". as he * caHed it^ , Htfm he m©t wilih • equal 
indulgence as at the Theatres, every body striv- 
ing to accommodate him ; whilst some flrejqp^ted 
the house nfierefy for the pwpose of acding atid ooa* 
versing i^ith a mam who was ^ lorogaa aetc^ upon, 
the great srt^gc of the world: hut in thia last they 
\rere always disappointed : he noyf told \m anec* 
dotes so confused and intorritpted^ often begia-^ 
ningwithome thing, and ending with aJiothcr, 
that he fully justified Swift'^ obaein^ation on thk 
veiy advanced time of life, ^' ttet mmiin tKia 
condition have no remembrance of the truth of a 
fact ; and it is safer to depend pn common tradi- 
tion than upon their best recollections/' 

The hour at last arrived, which was to number 
the days of this extraordinary old man. Som^ 
little time before this took place, he grew weaker 
and weaker : he wa4^unabte,to go down slairs, aad 
contented himself with walking iabout his room, 
and resting himself on his bed ; (ot rather his 
couch, where he generally slept with his clotn^ 
^ on, night and day, for many ye^ys,) JL^ m^,9^ 

S these 

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CUAitLBfi liACftllK. 943 

these reposes, some friends were talking of •him 
IB tlie tOfMn; thinking, from his state of insensi- 
bility for many days before, that he was incapa- 
ble of hearing or understanding them, when he 
suddenly started up, and answered \vith some 
sharpness. This was thought to forbode ^omc 
recovery— but it was only the last blaze in the 
socket. The evening of that day he composed 
himself, as it was thought, for. sleeping ; but in 
this sleep he made his final exit without a 

Thus died, on the 1 1th July, 1797, Charles Mack* 
Irn, by his own computation only ninety-eight—^ 
but on very strong and probable circumstances 
(related in the early part. of these Memoirs) at th^ 
very advanced age of one hundred and eight. 
He was buried on the Sunday following in St. 
Paul's, Covent Garden, attended to the grave by 
several of his Theatrical Brethren, and a great 
concourse of others, whom curiosity had draM^n 
together to contemplate on the last remains of a 
TOan who had nearly seen three^ and had actually 
touched the extremities of izt)o centuries. 

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S44 MEMoiBS or 

J . 
$TaXCTUa£S on THS character or MIU MAfRUK, 


In the deliueation of a public character, tl^^re 
is nothing by which we can estimate it so accu- 
rately, as taking in the early advantages, or di$» 
advantages, it.had either to support or depress it 
Patrimony and family connexions often leave lit- 
tle for fortune to do ; they vegetat;e progressively 
of themselves, and a degree of ordinary prudence 
finishes the whole ; but when a man is obliged to 
lay the foundation of his future situation for him- 
self, frowned upon by fortune at hi^ birth, unas* 
sisted by friertds, relatives, or education^ the fir^t 
step becomes a mountain, where, out of th? many 
adventurers who strive to scale it, the far greater 
j^umber perish in the attempt, 

jlppareni rari mantes in gurgife vasto. 

Few men, who have risen above the ordinary 
level of mankind, have had greater difficulties to 
struggle with than the' object of these Memoirs. 
•Bbrn in the obscure part oif an obscure county, 
• under the recent depression of a civil war, his pa- 
rents poor and uneducated, and himself formed 
of those strong and turbulent passions, which too 
often mislead the mind under the happiest situa- 
tions, his outset in life afforded no prospect of fu- 
ture celebrity/ To be enabled to live on the soil 


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which produced him, in humble mediocrity, must 
be his highest rational expectation ; and to obtaia 
and support even that^ required rather uncom- 
mon exertions* 

" But there is a. divinity which doth often 
shape our ends, rough hew them how we will" 
Macklin migh^for ever be chained to the spot 
where he originated, but for the circumstance 
which we mentioned before in the beginning of 
these Memoirs ; that of his being selected by a 
lady of fashion in his neighbourhood to play the 
part of Monimia in the Orphan. This first seduc-? 
ed his infant mind to the love of the Stage; a 
profession the most distant from, his original ex* 
pectations as can well be imagined; bjutbejug 
once shewn it, his ardent mind grasped it 4s the 
grand object of its future pursjuits. *' Sucli are 
the accidents (says Dr. Johhson) winch som<* 
times remembered, and perhaps sometimes for-, 
gotten, produce that p'4rticular designation of 
mind, and propensity for som* certain science or 
employment, which is commonly called Genius." 

We liave a right to dtaw sujtjh 5^1 copclusion ; as 
it was this play, in alLprobability, firs^ inspired 
an4 directed Jiis. flight to Dublin, leaving \}is mo^, 
dier's'house, and all the associates of his 3'ioijtb,» 
(which ai-e more or less dear to ms all,) for a pre- 
qarioiiis subsistence in a. distant pl^c? ; jt w^s this 


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S4S^ UEUOfJSSi ftF » 

th6'^&i€KtTe as soon as ever he was. able to afr 
ft»»4-4ibat shilling: it^nsas this that made bimafe 
terwards scrape an acquaintance with the Adi^t 
burys, the Ehingtons, the Watsons, and other 
Irish Players of that day: in short, it was this 
which, like the air-drawn, dagger of Macbeth,; 
^marshalled him the way** to the profession of 
an Actor. 

And here a question arises-^Wbat were his re- 
quisites for this profession ? To those who had 
never seen him, and knowing that he liad once 
played Mmitnia^ liiey would be led to canclude, 
that* bis fbrm was genteel, and his fbiitures inno« 
cent, ' graceful, and feratinine ; but the very con«- 
ti'ary^cf all this \v5aS' the fact : his figuare, ^*,eVea 
from his boyish days," mu'st have beeit oparse aiid 
chimsy; his ey^, bold and determined ; wkh 
strong-marked,- m&soallnfe features^^n+Why then 
siftgle htm out for Monimia? Though' we cannot 
precisely mftswer this question, many ' rpi'obable 
reasons may be assigned for it. In the first place, 
real Monitnias must have been very scarce in the 
family and neighbburhood of a Xady, buried in 
the recessfesf of the Northof Ireland tpwards the 
close of the seventeenth <5etitary. lAmtmgst her 
oW domestics, the probability was, ;theiie. was: 
not one who^ could Articulate awoid of English. 
They might not (ikis^irise be yoiwg^enoBgit/fiir 


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tlrisperl J twr thigbt, Tt o» n^u*^ otU tiwir cotttftry 
Imbitei, bo too mddoile- to rebmve ajiy kiiul of i^ 
9try«ti^m. Mwklin, tibwefor^i who^ by bis o^*^ii 
account of him^f, /^^as afei^^ys n '(;«^e la^" 
might have become the favourite candidate from 
impehow necemty, \^bjch . «ft»n coaatitute* lyigh 
official cbarwsfeKs^ vitb a$ Utile pretemlMry titertte 
©r fdy^ntion fer jtiifeir pa<*t$, M MackUn had at 
that timf3 far pkyipg M^nrmia: , 

But iybatev€t tkgrw. of iwerit be might have 
po^^enfted, (and >fe are wiUiftg *o believe it very 
twdmcrty) he mn^ have some cliima to superior 
rity over hip .fdlow actorii, from the tfitplauae 
wbiiJh he often said he received, awl frow giving 
the play a r«n for several n^htsu He wa^, l^e* 
aid^^ domesticated with the Lady, in, a great mca>- 
9i»rf , after thi§, who took $oioie care of his educar 
tion, and hi$ morals,-^*^ Though, G---d kncwe, 
i^md the Veteran) I took little care of eithto at 
that time myself/' 

AU thi^i however, only $bews the tendency of 
hia inalinatiow for the profession, What were 
his general requisites ? They were not evidently 
lin his persotur^In hia education tliey could not 
be, for he had little or none ; and, except t^g 
abl^ to read EogU&h badly, afadimvJng bi3 young 
miAd sb*a?pened by .the conttoMcrfsigil heats of hi* 
p«rentSf*«tl^ one a furioua JPre^byterian, the gthei* 
a bigotted Caikolie, (the ^tock^fisb and sword/ 6^ 
• ■ ' ... '. of 

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518 • iiEHoiRS dF ^ 

df discordant i^cts)— Macklin'haci tolo(^ epon tW 
Stage, as a pauper looks to the accumulated hoard 
of another, wiihing to be th^ pos^ssor, without 
any reasonable tfit!Bja% of acquiring it. • 

A persevering determinatiott to an observirtg 
njind,,gifted with 'Strong common sense, will, how^ 
evdr,^ do wonders, Macklip ha^d theie qualities hi a 
very considerable degree ; it i$f therefore to be pre- 
sumed, that when he arrived in Dublin, and had 
soon after got ihti) thcf College as a Badgeman, that 
he availed himself of this opportunity of improv- 
ing his mind : fop though his situation was hum- 
ble, and totally out of the classes-of literature, he 
had opportunities <rf picking lip some intelligetioc 
in various ways. It is highly ^probable, that h6 
was taught to write about this period : foi- though 
Foote, and the jokers of his day, used to say, 
that M acklin was forii/ years of age before he 
could write, we always thought the fact tb be 
Otherwise; as he was long before that age in a 
respectable line of his profession; and how could 
he get his partfe (which are all written from the 
Prompter's books) without understanding w-riting? 

It is said of the famous Joe Miller, of pun*- 
jiing' memory, t^at he could neither read or 
write; and thatbe bad no other method of get- 
ting his parts, but by his wife reading them to 
him, and which he used jocoseiy to urge " as hi$ 
only reason for committing; so ra«h an actiQn as 


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Trfatrimony/' But, be t|iis as it may,, Macklpi 
was not married at a time Vhen he was pretty 
forward in his profession, therefore could not 
have the assistance of a wife. Beside, we have no 
proofs of this defect in his education from the re- 
cords of any Theatre, or the sober and positive 
declaration of any theatrical man; lEhd he that 
knows the Stage intimately, must know how wil- 
ling many of his brethren would be to remember ^t- 
fects in an actor who had such various merits to 
create envy. To le*oel^ is often the onjy industry 
of this base and vulgar passion p for though it 
cannot partake of the talent it wishes to crush, 

*f So wild a Tartar, when he spies 

'* A man that's handsome, valiant, wise, 

" Thinks, if he kills him, to inherit ' ' ' 

** His wit, his beauty, and his spirit/' 

But allowing Macklin the full extent of his 
qualifications when he came to England, they only 
amounted to this — a little coynnion reading and 
writing, with a quantum sufficit of the Irish brogue 
—a strong, clumsy figure— without friends, con- 
nections, or recommendations whatever — and, ac- 
cording to the latest register of his birth, in the 
twenty-eighth year of his age. 

And at this period (whicH was about the year 

1726) it will be found incidental to these Memoirs, 

as well as curious to the amateurs of the drama, 

to review the state of the English Stage. 


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^latti'hf Dftuil Tf-LAN tfutATRt tn the TUtf 1f&8. 

. J :^.Jk/m,.. • ^^^;;j , 

. Wmhini * 

Messrs. WilkS^ . 


\ B6otli'^ 


■' '' ■ i^m^t '■ " - ' 

^ 'Booth' 

'•■'•' •' Mill^ f"" -• ^ 

' ' ttaftoi*, itftfefDirlrt^ 

.;/hhnsm». 1 ^ 


•:,^ -. . ' m^r> ,- . 


i,,^ Roberts 

The;,Cibber . 

. . / Williams " 


'" Bridgewater 


' " • ' - " fifiihptir ' ^ - 

r TbiiCibtor 

i • ' . ' 

; \ <, ^ Griffin V j; 




W. Mills, 

State of Lincoln's Inn Theatrj: in the same 




Messrs. Quia 

Mrs. Vounger 


Seymour, afterwar^s^ 

BoherfiTd • 


^mt . 

-Billlac* . 

. H^i>c8i«y 


MilwAT^ , 


^ H^ilitt 




^ ■ 

W. Bullock 

lAgu^rre : 




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It 19 difflcttlt now totsa^ whidb 6f*the8e actors 
MackliQ cbade his modeL ^ JFroto the accountt 
that are ttanjUntttdd down to us of thdr iheriAs^ 
hd appears to- be no txioct copjrist 6f aoy;^ Tfaa 
iaeti We btiid^re^ was, that he. might bare beneSti 
ed m a d^rde front all of the bdst demrriptioii/ 
by jmgraftab^ ancfa parts of their execrlldtce aa 
Suited best^to his coocdpti^ii. of the characters*^ 
suid tj^j 9iSteMu\\y is the tru6 study of an artist i fotr/ 
with all tlw benefit of greatmaaters, and aU die ad« 
vanta^» of high «ducatidn, tbe papibat last most 
depend on his own taste; and it is this happy se- 
lectnniy biended with natmral energies, that con- 
sti^tettiie.greatoeas of character. 

We haVe 4 happy iWustration of thb in the fol* 
lowitag aiiecdote. told of Booth. Tliis actor was 
lemirkable in reading otct several of tbe parts of 
his ^eat archetype, Betterton, to excel in a fine 
imitltioia. oif his manner ; and one day, when he 
had read a seene in this way, to the admiration 
of all his fHends^ and one of them asking hrm^ 
Why he. would n«t represent the character 
tibronj^ut ^ on the stage? he^ as modes4:ly as* 
ingeniously, replied, ^' the whole is too much 
for me: lishall be eofttent with taking ftom this 
great e&emplar what i think best suited to my ge^ 
neral powers." 


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35f if£if<HBS i>r. ^ 

The actors that Mackiin: ti»ed to talk most bf^ 
tivd irtth- wh^^mhe seemed most pleasedrin dmtx^ 
ung their merits, we* Wilks, Booth, iMills, Jc^n^ 
iolH Qyiin^ Bofaeme, atuiRyan; aiid as |t]( the 
yoimger paxts of his life, lie himself played c^ia* 
ract^ns of all dcsa^iptiond, it is probaJ?le that he 
tdected moxe of less fpoitf these models. A fcrief 
nwfuiry, therefore, how th«y stood a&' actors of 
prputation (which we shall givei from his opimoii 
of them, as well as fmm other a^Qthorities) we 
trast will not be thought irrelative in -1111$ piace* 

Though we have ito .very fkvourable account of 
Wilks from Colley Cibb^, who hated him per- 
sonally, as well as Dogget, (though he had more 
prudence in concealing it during Wilks's life;) 
and though he always preferred Powel to Him, 
" who," he says, " excelled him in voice atid ear 
in Tragedy, as well as. humour iu Comedy ;'* yet 
he, ron the whole, is obliged to allow him qualifi-^ 
cations .which leave him. a very considerable ac* 
tor; particularly in his Sir Hany Wildair,, Es* 
sex, Mavk Antony, . Valentine, - Plume, &c. &c. 
To these he adds his uncommon attentian to be 
perfect in his parts, which he. was so exact in, 
that '' I question,'' says Cibber,' *^ if^ in forty 
years, he ever five times changed /or ini&pta^ed an 
article in any one of them." 


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Of his determined perseverance in tfcis exercise 
of memory, he adds the following carious in^ 
stance : *' In some new Comedy he happened to 
complain of a crabbed speech in his part, which 
he said gave him more trouble to study than all 
the rest; upon which he applied to the author, ^ 
either to soften or shorten it The author, thafe 
he might make matters perfectly easy to him^ 
fehrly cut it all out: but when Wilks got hojne 
from the rehearsal, he thought it-such an indig* 
nity to his memory that any thing should be too 
hard for it, that he actually made himself perfect 
in that speech, though he knew it was never to 
be made use of." 

Wilks's general merits as an actor, may be di* 
Tided into the gay and fashionable characters of 
Comedy, and the, animated pathetic seeneS of 
Tragedy. As a lover, no person since the death 
of Mountford, who was his predecessor, could 
reach him; nor was he, perhaps, ever equalled, 
till the laurel descended upon Barry ; and Daties, 
who had seen him act, speaks highly of his E^an^ 
Macduff^ Mark Antony^ Prince ofWalu^ ^c. 

Of Mark Antany^ he says, **'/As soon as Wilfcs 
altered to^'tHe stage, without taking any notice of 
the conspirators, he walked quickly up to the 
dead body of C»sar, and knelt down : he then 
paused for some time before he spoke, and, after 

A It surveying 


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954 ^ meMoihs of 

aurveying the corpse with maBifest tokei:^ of iti^ 
deepest sorrow, he addressed k m a most aifectii>^ 
and pathetic manner.*' 

: Of his Princt of H^akt he spe^s in still higher 
terms. . /' The Prince, by Wilk»," aays he, " w» 
0n6 of tlie iHo^t perfjcct exhibitions of the Thca* 
tre, who, with great skill and nature^ threw asickr 
the libertine gaiety of Hal, wj^ien he aBsamed the 
princely dej^ortment of Hejaty. At the Boaf a 
Head, lit w$i9 lively aad froticksome : ib the re- 
eoncili^tifon with his father,, Ws penitence w» 
gratefully becomiog, and his^reaolntioii of smend-r 
ment manly and affecting. 

. ^^ In his ohaiieiige of Hot^fy his defiance wask 
equally^ gftUant amd modest : in bis combat with 
that Nobleman, bis &rt was tempered with mode* 
jration i- and his rtflectioos, o» the death of tbe 
^reat rebel, generous and pathetic. The Hotepnr 
0f Booth, though; anoble portrait of courage, hu*- 
m>(i>Hi', , a(iid gaikji^r}', was nofc superior to the 
^Viftc€€^fW«le$:by:Wilk8.'^, • . 

Macklrn used to praise him iti three parts,. 
^^:^bi^i*^p«h»ps,w*efe the only charaictira be might 

b^eiswnrjitmm; and |he»e wtarc, Hl^Jktark Afh 
:ionyi, Captain Plume, and Lord Tmpubf. .He jspoke 
:h\glily of the first, but with the mAet ^jnujudlified 

Al^Uuse of the two las't^ Vhich were perfect mo- 
X • del* 


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dels of ease and good breeding. To tbese testi* 
monies we shall add tbat of an Irish Barrister of 
great eminencie, who djed about thirty years ago^ 
and who was always considered tiot more eminent 
in the walks of his profession, than in those of 
dramatic criticism. From him we have 4>een in« 
formed, ** that whatever Willcs did upon the 
stage, let it be ever so trifling, whether it fcon- 
sisted in putting on his gloves, or talking out his 
watch, lolling on his cane^ or taking snuff, every 
movea^ent was marked with such an ,ease of 
breeding and manner, every thing told so strongly 
the involuntary nuxtion of a gentleman, that it 
was impossible to consider the cbaraoter hcirepre- 
seivted in any other light than that of a reality.'* 

*^ Bjut what was still more surprising," said 
the Gentlemaa, in r^ating this anecdotie, ^^ that 
the .person who could thus delight an audience 
from the gaiety and sprightliness of his manner,'! 
met the next day in the street hobbling to an 
haqkoey coach, seemingly so enfeebled by agq 
ai^ In^rmities, th^t I could i^arcely believe, him 
to be the aame man^'* Such is the power of illu- 
sion, when a great genius feels tl^e. importance jpf 

A a ft We 

* The above event took place in the yeat l/^Sj two year^ be- 
fore the cfeath of WHki, Who, as Cibber trfU us " Va« moch 
mere •iife«bfed by ^ c«>iutatit iyritatioms «f hit ^wpier th^ M 
, *W»^by bi» declining years/' 

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. S56' 3teE!feC0lRS 0^ 

' We cannot conclude the character of this gr^ 
Actor without mentioning the following circunr-' 
stance, which does him great professional honour^ 
and which, considering the general irritability of 
fiis temper, shews with what maderation, and 
even good-breeding, he could bear reproof, whenr 
it came from the nrnyuth of a judicious friend. 

Witl^ Wilks's genera;! talents for Tragedy, there 
were some parts that he was unequal to ; and in 
particular th^ Ghost in Hamlet. One day at 
tehearsal, Boortb took the fiberty ta jest with him 
upon it. " Why, Bab,'' says he, **I thought 
last flight you wanted to pky at fisty cuffs with 
me, (Booth played Hamlet to his Ghost,) yoa 
bullied me so, who, by the bye, you ought to 
hare revered. I rememlief when I acted the 
Ghost with Betterton, instead of < my awing him, 
> he terrified me — ^But there was a divinity hung 
round that maij 1'*^ 

To this rehufte, Wilks, feding it's propriety, 
modestly replied, " Mr, Betterton and Mt. Booth 
"could always act as they pleased j tut fw my 
part, I must do as well as I can.**^ 

Boothy who was the next model after Wilks in 
the old School) of which Macklin is suppo^d to 
have drawn his information ftom, we have alrea- 
dy touched OB in the coupse of these Memoiips; 


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UTk^j indeed, his general life is so well known, and 
«poken of by so many Theatrical Writers, Jthat ip 
would be little curiosity, to the connoisseurs of the 
di*ama at least, to reiterate the whole of it; but as we 
are exhibiting a critique on the character of Mack- 
iiu as an Actor, Booth forming one of the great 
examples of his time, some anecdotes relative to 
him, not generally known, and some observations 
oil his talents and natural powers ia the parts he 
was distinguished in^ we think will not be found 
irrelative to the subject; nor, perhaps, wholly 
unprofitable to the rising critics and performers 
pf the present day. . 

The sciences, as well as the arts, have their 
«ras of alterations — some evidently to their im*/ 
provement, and some to their disadvantage. The 
Stage partakes of this fluctuation ; and the cant 
of the day, amongst too many of the critics and 
5ons of the buskin, is all for n^xo readings, and 
new methods oi giving the party without con&ider- 
ipg, that if these new readings were always given 
with thp piost consummate judgment, (the very 
reverse pf wjiich is the case,) they will not con-^ 
3titute thp whole of ai^ Actor, whpse business is, 
^Ho bold the mirro^ up to Nature;'' who recjuires 
voice, figure, pnergy, taste, &c. &c. wh.Q ipyst, 
Jike thp Poet, 

■ ^ ** now give my breast a thousand pains, 
^* ^d mal^e m^/ee/eacb p^siop th^tt he feigns.'* 

A a 3 Without 


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Without this — he is a mere reciter, "full of sound 
and fary—sjgnifying nothing/' 

Booth, with a very classical and highly improv- 
ed judgment, possessed all the natural powers of 
an Actor i^ a very eminent degree. " He was of 
a middle stature, five feet eight; his form rather 
inclining to the athletic, though nothing clumsy, 
or heavy ; his air and deportment naturally grace- 
ful, with a marking eye, and a manly sweetness 
in his countenance. * 

" His voice was completely harmonious, front 
the softness of the flute to the extent of the trum- 
pet: his attitudes were all picturesque : he was no* 
ble in his designs, and. luippy in his execution.**^ 

To this testimony, Aaron Hill (a writer of 
great theatrical knowledge) adds, •" It was this 
Actor's peculiar felicity to be heard and seen the 
same, whether as the pleased, the grieved, the pi* 
tying, the reproachful, or the angry. Ope would 
be almost tempted to borrow the aid of a very 
bold figure, and, to e^cpres? this excellence the 
more significantly, beg permission .to affirm, that 
the blind might have seen him in his mice, and 
XheJleafhdLwe heard him in his visage. 

. Thougl| 


♦ Victor's History of the Theatre. 

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Though Booth, froin the possessk)n of these 
iqualificalfions, ipust, by attending to them, have 
necessarily reached the top of his profession, it 
was not till the production of CWo that he gained 
this emii^nce; and as the manner by which he 
obtained this part shews ingenuity and address 
on' his side, as well as judgment on ihf side of 
die Managers, we shall here celate k. ■ 

When Mr. Addison carried this admirable Tra^ 
gedy to the Green-Room, he of course, as t|>s 
Author, read it first to the Players: but being* ^ 
man of uncommon bashfulness apd diflklence, a^ft 
ter this, he desired Cibber M^ould* supply hk 
place, who : read it sO much to the satisfaction^ of 
the Author, that he re<]uested him to p^j forrn thi^ 
part of Caio, » 

Cibber, though otherwise a vain man, knew 
his own foru too well to risque his reputation iii 
ia character so much out of his way ; he theri^foM 
ppefered tlie part of Htfphas, whilst Wilks to6te 
that ofjaba, CatOy iiowever, still remained im^ 
disposed of, till they both agreed, that Booth 
would be the most likely. representAtire, from fi^ 
gure, voice, aijd Judgm^t^ of this virtuous Ro*^ 
man; but Wilks, feafipg th^t Booth \Vould thirtk? 
himsejf injured in bfcing cast for so venerable O' 
character, (he being then a young man,) had 
t^e good nj^ture to carry the part to his lodgings , 

A ^ 4 himsdf; 

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himself; to inform him of itis importance j and to 
persuade him, if necessary^ to accept it Booth, 
who told this anecdote to Victor, said, ** that he 
sunk the importance of the character, and seemed 
to accispt it entirely at the Manager's desire ; which 
condescending behaviour, with his performance 
^ the part so much to the delight and admira^ 
lion of the audience, gave both Wilks and Cihr 
bcr the greatest pleasure.*' However, when the 
consequences began soon after tp appear, viz. a 
feputation and interest; to obtain a special licience 
from the Queen to be included ^s fourth Mana- 
ge of the Theatre, this pleasure was converted 
into remorse and disappointment, and ended with 
<M)e of the Managisrs (Dogget) retiring \n disgust 
from^ the Stage for ever, 

The parts which Booth principally distinguished 
himself in, beside Cato, were Pyrrhus^ OtheUo, 
Brutus^ LeaVi Marc Antony^ Aurcngzebe, Jaffi^f 
the Ghost in ftamlet^ Sfc. and, for the entertain-? 
iBcnt of our readers, (which at the, same time 
tends to illustrate Macklln's stage history,) we 
shall coUect the various critiques which have been 
made upon those pafts, as they lie scattered in a 
variety of Theatrical Authors, now not very easy 
to come at, together with some traditionary ncr 
cgunts from the Sjftctatares HmporU Acti. . 



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Though Pyrrhus is a part now rejected by the 
principal Actors, it demands a great deal of thea- 
trical talents; and Booth saw enough in it to 
make it one of his most distinguished performan- 
ees. ^* His entrance in walking up to .the 
throne, his manner of saluting the ambassador, 
his majesty in descending from the throne^ 
his leaving the stag?, &c. though circumstan-- 
ces-of a very common natjire in theatrical per- 
formances, yet were executed by him with a gran- 
deur not to be described, and never failed meet- 
ing with the most distinguished applause. 

^' Through the whole part, his dignity and love 
were so gracefully blended, as made him at once 
awful and amiable ; for while he expressed the ut- 
njost tenderness of the lover, he never -descended 
beneath th^nnonarch." 

To this eulogium we have the following from 
Macklin. He had the happiness of seeing thir 
great man in a few of his characters ; Pyri'hus 
was amongst the- number ; and it happened just 
as he was going into the pit, that Booth was mak- 
ing his approach to the throne; which struck 
Jbim so ppwerfully, from the grandeur and dignity 


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Z62 MflMOlM OP 

of his manner, that he thought himself in th^ 
royal presence: but when he came to that line, 

*< Am I, am I tb« las^ of all the EcepterM heroes," 

he repeated it so awfully impressive, and accom- 
panied it with such an air of mSjesty, that he 
stood fixt with amazement ; nor could he t^kp 
his seat till Pyrrhus left the audieijcc-chambcr. 


In Othello, though Cibber was always sparing 
in Bopth's praise, yet he admits it to be his best 
part. " The paster-piece of Booth," says he, 
** was Othello; there he was most in character, 
and seemed not more to animate himself in it thau 
his spectators." 

Other contemporaries are more lavish in their 
praises of him in this part, and particularly in 
the following passage, which, no doubt, is thp 
touchstone of a great Actor: 

" This fellow's of exceeding honest}', 

** And knows all qualities with a learned spirit 

** Of human dealings." 

This he spoke with his eye fixt upon lago's exit, 
after a long pause, as if weighing the general cha- 

3 facter 

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caLcter of the man in his own mincl, and in a low 
tone of voice. Then starting into anger, 

^* If I do find her haggard, 
*^ Hough that her jesses were my dear heart-btrings^ ' 
'< I'd whistle her off, and l^t her down tk% wisd 
" To' prey at fortune?* 

Then a pause as if to ruminate : 

■ * *• Haply, for I am Mack, 
** And have not those soft parts of coot enatioa 
'^ That chamberershave/' 

Then a look of amazement at seeing Desdemo^^ 
na, the voice and countenance softened into love; 

*^ If she be false, O then IJeaven mocks itself 1 
«« I'll not believe it/* 

^* In this, and all the distressful passages of 
heart-breaking anglxish and jealousy/* says Vic- 
tor, " I have frequently seen all the men, suscep-, 
tible of the tender passiohs, in tears.** 

Yet, though Booth must be conscious of his 
great excellence in this part, he had the modesty 
never to compare himsdf witliBelterton, (whom, 
perhaps, he might have excelled, from possessing 
a greater union of strength^ and melody in his 
yoice,) On the contrary, Avhen this comparison 




i64f MSHOIU Of 

1»B 'been attempted by his ftieiids in company^ 
he would not only confess his inferiority^ bat 
break out in the rapture of Pierre, 

^ Obi coald yoa know him all, m 1 have known him ! > 
'« How grcM he was/' &c. 

Macklii), however; with all his partiality to Booth, 
gave the preference to Barry in Othello.- So did 
Cibber, (as Davies tells us,) .accompanied with 
the best vouchers of his veracity-*Aii tears at the 
representation of the part. But Barry was na- 
turally so much the lover, with the advantages of 
80 fine a person, and so musical a Voice, that the 
Strong probability is— he has never been equalled 
in Othello. 


Booth's excellence in Brutus was the effect of 
a fine study of the part, which he acquired by 
his taste, and intimate knowledge of the classics. 
This outline he filled up with all that colouring, 
of which his powers gave him so great a com- 
mand. Hence, though Brutus is, in many parts 
of the play, warm and transported beyond the 
bounds of bis level temper, it is still the choler 
of ^.patriot .^Jid philosopher. In the celebrated 
quarrel scene between him and Cassius^ when th? 
latter reiterates, 

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PHAtltES If ACKtiK. 963 

<' What dunt not tempt Urn r' 
and Brutus, in reply, says, 

'< For your £[^f you durst not s • 

** No !— finr 3K)ur soui you dursi ^ot ;'' 

Quin spoke the last lines with a look of an^er, 
and a tone of voice, approaching to rage ; but 
Booth, on the contrary, looking stedfastly at 
C^fissius, pronounced these words not much raised 
above a whisper, yet ^with such a firmness of 
tone, as always produced the loudest effect.— 
Again, when Brutus says, 

" When I spoke this, I wi^ ill-tempered too,'' 

be prepared the audience so for the cause of his 
ill-temper, by shewing he had some private griefs 
at heart, as to call up the utmost attention : but 
when he afterwards acquaints them with the 
cause, ' 

** Vp man bears sorrow better— Portia is dead;^ 

the expressive pause beftJre he speke the last 
words, and his heart-piercinjj manner in speaking 
them, forced every auditor to be a participator of 
bis sorrows. 


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It is remarkable, that in this scene, the pfayer*^ 
from time immemorial, have made a small altera- 
tion in the text, (of their own accord, without 
the seduction of any commtittttor,) by adding 
after the line, . . 

•* For yottr life jovl Aii«t ndt,* ^ 

the following, No, for your soul you durst not. 
They might imagine by tihis, that the sentiment 
is conveyed with a stroi^r emphasis. But, ab- 
stracted fropi the restriction they iire impliedly 
under, of not adding or retrenchhig from any Au* 
thor, the first line, in our opinion, conveys the 
spirit zxiA firmness of the character who speaks it 
fully sufficient : the other may serve an indiflFer-^ 
ent Actor, or an indifferent Critic's, purpose' 
better, being more of a itt%m^, pompous ndLture; 
but he that would e:?cei}[iplify the firm, independent 
spirit of Brutus, will find ample scope for that 
display in the first line. 

Of all the performers who have ^distinguished 
themselves in this part since the death of Booth, 
perhaps the late Mr. Sheridan was entitled to the 
bays. He was a good scholar^ had a fine classical 
taste, apd excelling in the level declamatory parts 
of Tragedy, hi^ ^rtitus, Cato^ King John, and a 
few other characters of this stamp, were fine spe- 
cimens of the histrionic art * 

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eRAIiL£:8 MACKLttir. 3^7 


Setter ton was the predecessor of Booth ia this 
part, but how he performed it we have no very 
particular critique : we may, however, conclude, 
that a man of his ge»eral geniu^s, who keptppsses- 
i^on of the chtiraeter so Icmg, milst have made it a 
least respectable. Booth, though a processed ad* 
mirer of bid gr^t master, never servilely copied 
him— though he has oftea confessed to have stu^ 
»died him, on the whole, so a? to transplant what 
beauties he could -from Wni afttr his own tAMrmer. 
In Lear, we are told, **That his fire was ar- 
dent, and his feelings remarkably energetic; 
but that, in uttering the imprecations in gene- 
ral, he was more rapid than Garrick : nor were 
his feeling's attended with those struggles of 
parental affection, and those powerful emotions 
of conflicting passions, so visible in every look 

and attitude of our great Roscius." 

* f 


And here fet the pen of a living witness throw 

in his mite in favour of the liast' mentioned Lear, 

which, from first to ]ast, was, p^riiaps, the finest 

exhibition of the passions since the invention of 

the drama. 

How awful waa his preparation for the impre- 
cation onGonerill — He stood for- a moment like 
• one 

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one struck dumb at the. sudden and une^pecie^ 
feel of his daughter'^ ingratitude — then throwing 
away his crutch, kneeling on one knee, clasping 
his hahds together, and lifting up his eyeis to- 
wards heaven, rendered the whole of the curse so 
terribly affecting to the audience, that, during 
his utterance of \ty they seemed to^ shrink as 
from a blast of lightning. Indeed, the picture 
he represented, independent of the language, was 
worthy the pencil of Raphael in the dirinest mo- 
ments of his imagination. 

In the scene where Lear is Represented asleep 
in Cordelia's lap, and where he breaks out, 

<< Old Lear shall be a King again,*" 

Booth was inimitably expressive, from the full 
tones of his voice, and the admirable manner of 
harmonizing his words. 

Upon the whole, Booth rendered the character 
of Lear less terrible than Garrick ; but \he latter 
filled up the whole with a truth, energy, and fire, 
which all who ever saw hidi, must remember with 
gratitude and enthusiasm. 

Barry's figure in this part was dignified and ve- 
nerable; and some passages were so well suited to 
his voice, particularly Ihe cune^ as to make a con- 

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CHARLEi! MACSttir^ ,8^9 

- ^y erable impre^idn. Powell caught a good deal 
of the fire of his master j but both wanted those 
enfergies, and exquisite touches, with which Gar- 

.rick vivified the whole. But he, indeed, was the 
leading deity in almost all the departments of the 
drama ! 


; flhc playof " All for Love,'* of which this part 
,forma.the principal character, was revived, some 
years before Booth's death, for the purpose of 
giving strength and variety to the list of stock 
plays ; and his dignified action^ and forcible ek> 
cution,' gained him so i;nuch applause, that the 
play was acted six liights successively to crowded 
audiences, without the assistance of pantomime 
or farce, which was at that time remarked aa 
something very extraordinary. 

When: Bpoth and ]W[rs. Oldfield, as Marc An- 
tony and Cleopatra, niet in the second actj "their 
dignity and deportmeqt commanded the applause 
and approbation of. the most judicious critics; 
but when the former (^iddvessing himself to the 
Jatter) sajdi i : . . 

*-^,\ ..['..' . ',.♦'■> 

" You promised me your, silepte, and you break it 
*• Ere I have scarce begun;" 

Fb the 

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't}k hxxtXibtitiiWej yet digftiified manner 6fspe^^ 

"kg it, <iouId 6nly be iq^aHed by the t^ectf«il 

ttiatitidr ih which Mrs. OWfteld ftlt this eheck-^ 

hire, ftt the Jjhrase ^ Shakespea^^ "' Ail^ d^»i^# 

We have an account of the cast of thi^ Trage^ 

dy as it was then per fbrrftietf; aiid it does honour 

to the judgment of the Managers, who, without 

"iny false pride, or M?age ratiity, not (Hily came 

Ibr^arid thfrn^selves^ but bmagbt^tttf tbr^wngtht 

^f thHi? company in Sopport of it. 

VewtiilWf> TK« EMer Mills. 

DoiobdUa^ ; WHks. 

^ ^,,- , AlejMS, Coiley Gibber. 

"^ Ofctdvia, Kiru. Pdrtftr, ^ ' 

Here we ^ee two of the most trifling parts of 
flic drama, DolobelU arftd Alexas, undertajcen by 
two of the Managed; parts that WOwld 6*a^efy 
be accepted now by thrrd rate Actors, merely to 
give weight and importance to the wfrolfe £vto 
theiittle part-of Octavia, which only consists of 
a scene or two, Mrs. Porter, then in tke tn^idian 
of her fame, did not disdain to accept— -Nor wai 
it um^rortiiy of hep acceptance, as, with her pow- 
ers, she drew the most affecting approbation of 
tears from every part of , the audience. 


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\ f ' ' ' ' /. **■''' 

We are told in the dedication ofM% play» thcit 
Charles the Second altered an incident in the 
plot, and pronounced it the best of all Diyden's 
Tragedies. Of his riiyming ones we bdieTe the 
King was right, as the passions ar^ strongfy ide- 
picted, thcf characters well discriminated, and the 
diction more familiar and dramatic than in any 
of his preceding pieces. Kynaston was the origi- 
,nal Mirat in this piece^ and is preferred by Gib-' 
ber to Bopth^ for throwing more arrogant© and 
savage fierceness into it than the latter* But 
Booth's retort to this criticism, which was the 
opinion of others before Qbber wr^rte his Apolo- 
gy, we think not only sufficient, bat ihews the 
superior taste and discernment of tne Actor. 
The passage particularly alluded to is,tliis; when 
Nourmahul s^ySf > 

<' TmW net be safe to let him live m hsriit/' 

Morat answtrs, ** 

*' Y\\ ao't'to »be^ m\f arjUkrary ^ff er/' ^ ! . i ^ 

** it was not through negligence," says Booth, 
*' but design, that I gave no great spirit to that 
ludicrous bounce of Morat. I know very well 

B b 2 that 

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that d laugh of approbation may be obtained 
from the understanding. few; but there is nothing: 
more dangerous than exciting the laugh of sim- 
JplfetQUS,- who know; not' wheiC; to stop. The ma- 
ijcrity: is B6t the wisdsi part of the audience; and 
Jbr'tbettlrfiason Lwill r:un no hazard,/^!!; 'He there- 
fore »u|>pressed the ?^fis^;^ of hisyoitioin th& line, at 
-the ii^me time thaC he ..spoke it ^ijtb a firmnedsf 
:.aujd).4tcUion of tone ;cpyre$pondertt to the cha- 
•racteii,.; ■; rr ::-:''. ■/' . > ;' ^.. 

TWdplay ^as revived at Drurjr LaneTbeatrc^ 
about the year 1726, wit^h the piiblicapprobatioa, 
arid WAS cast in the following strong mtaner; 

ItefOtd Ettiperor/> 

Mills. :\' 


' wiiks. ; 


^ Booth. 

Indiana, ' 

iVIrs. GldfielA 


Mrs. Porter. 



The .first Wif^ of 

Theo. Gibber; 

51 very pleasing, agreeable Actress, and in private 
life unblemishe;d. She died lis 1753. 

; , . ; , l^'IifeiofUpotb/byThearCibberi '< - ,^ ' 

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. This was another of Booth's princjljpal parts, 
•vvher^ia- he k s^id to have excelled. He jh44 
likewiise a fitoe repre^ntative of Belvideta in Mr& 
3Parter, who was c^n eleve of the wlebrat^ Mrs^ 
Barry, whom she succeeded when that^Actress 
left the Stage. Booth was no admirer of Mrs. 
OkMield's Tragedy, but was m rapture?, when he 
«ppke of Mrs* Porter in Belvidera. She is said 
to have particularly excelled in the agony she 
e;?cpresse4 when forced from Jaffier in the second 
act, nud iii th© ^madjiess pf tjie last . ** Nor 
should ,ev^r be forgot," S9.ys Davjes, "her de4i. 
cate ^Qanper of putting Jaffier in mipd of his ap^ 
^oijfit^pr;^ in thp thjrd act^ 

** Remember twelve r 

Soon aftef Booth had obtained a share in thp 
patent of Drury I^anis Theatre, he thought he 
pould strengthen the cast of this play, by taking 
the part of Pkrrt himself ipstead of Mills, who 
Jiad bepn in possession of it for many years; but 
proposing this one day in the Green Boom to 
Wilks, the latter instantly took fire, a»d thro\v- 
ing down the part of Jaffier, which he held 
in liis hand, solemnly protested " he would never 
plav if ao-ain." ]Mills was an old frien^ of \yilks ; 
* Pb? \ and. 

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jtnd in the warmth of his temper, he mighfe ima-* 
gine a blow was levelled at him ; or perhaps he 
might be apprehensive, in this change of parts, 
Booth might carry away the laurels from himselft 
HoKvever, Booth, though vexed and disappointed^ 
suppressed his anger, and submitted to . act the 
part of JaflSer, which be continued in till he left 
the Stage; / 

This celebrated Actor, though in general a very 
liberal regulated man, was not altogether free 
frdm that irritation which men in the iame walk 
of profession feel at the success of others. After 
he had resigned his employment as tn Actor in 
1729, Wilks was called upon to perform two of 
his principal parts, Jaffier and Lord Hastings; 
and though Booth's infirmities Would not permit 
pf his performance, his love of the Tlieatre often 
carried him to the house, and particularly on those 
nights when Wilks performed those characters 
which, he himself appeared in ^itb such unpompion 
lustre. But the display of the boxes, and the 
overflow of audiences, could not atone fof the ap- 
plause which Wilks obtained in these parts. He 
found this severe iruthy (experienced by many in 
this and other public professions,) that fezv are 
papable of making judicious distinctions; and 
that by far the greater part haye neither memory, 
or ju^lgment, to recollect or relish any thing bc" 
yond their present enjoyments. He likewise 
3 found 

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fMttd Hf. liim^elf (or at lea;$t it appeared so to- 
others) that he was not free from the jealousy of, 
SL rival's merit ; as, amidst the thunders of applause 
which Wilks received from crowded and succes- 
sive audiences. Booth alone ^ «ileQ4^ and seemed 
iuseasib]e to the merits of hts brother Manager. 

Though wt mcwmt this anecdote oh tjie crpdit 
iof Viclbor, who told it to Dfivies in ^ private con- 
vcimlioiii, it should pet di^redit hi§ g^eoer^l obar 
niCte^ which wai 4S much tsteemed hy bijs bro-^ 
tber i^erforiiiiers as by the ^'oice of the public, ^mi 
vhieh ih^ foUoyiag little pa^cdote, ^ip^og>K 
/Others, wHl demo«strate. 

Hai^, a k>w Comedian of some mftrit, re- 
«MAi»t»ted to him <m^ day in the Green llopm, 
that Sk^Jbcnrs in^come was greater than his by 
tveety shilling per week; though be presumed, 
he §aid, **that his own industry, qjad variety ^f 
busin<?5S, were not inferior to Mr. Shepherd's." 
w Well then," says gpoth, ^^ §uppo^ we should 
pMke you botii equ^j, b^ fed^cing his salaay to 
|rpur'&?" t' By no niipjns. Sir," says Harper, witi) 
§B iKme^t prid^ of phar^ter ; *' I would n.ot injure 
Mr. Shepherd for the world ; I would only, by 
your favoiir, hpi^tly »rv§ niy^elf," 

The Manager felt pleased with Harper's frank- 

li^flfl, \mt s^id no more : however, 4t the end of 

Bb4 the 

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S7S' / •• MEMOIRS 0'F 

the week, Harper foiwid his allot^rance mcrease4' 
according to the sum he demanded. 

THE GHOST^ in Humlet. 

We have no written criticism, that we know of, 
of Booth in this part, except that it wasf a cha-f 
tacter that he stood well in with the town, and 
that he performed it under the perfect approba? 
4ion of Betterton, who was his Hamlet fofr many 
years : it was, however, the coiistant eulogy of 
Macklin^ who said^ he never was imitated with 
effect. His tones and manner throughout hifif 
conference with Hamlet, were grave and pathetic ; 
his tread solemn and awful; and in the recital of 
Jiis murder by a brother's hand, and the conduct 
pf ^^ his most seeming virtuous Queen," the 
audience appeared to be under the nnpression of 
peeing and hearing a real Ghost. 

He was, beside, always particularly well dressed 
for the character, even to the soles of his shoes, 
l^hich, from being eovei-ed with /<?//, ^made no 
noise in walking on the stage, which he crossed as 
If lie 3lid over it, and which strongly corresponds- 
pd with the ideas we have X)f an incoiporeal 


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Wl)M9t mW er6 ftpeaking of the co^nwa^of the 
Stag6 at this period, it may be necessary to re- 
mark, that Booth in the Ghost wore a plume of 
feathers in his helmet; and that Mills and Quin 
both wore white fiats in the character of Pierre, in 
Venice Preserved, 

Having now concluded our remarks on some 
of the principal characters of Booth, as gleaned 
from a variety of theatrical writers, as well as tra- 
dition, it may not be reckoned incurious to look 
back tp the circumstance which first induced him 
to thiiik of the Stage. 

We are told by all his biographers, that his fa- 
iiier intended him for the Church;, and he was. 
early sent to Westminster School, in order to fit 
him for the University ; but having a natural turn 
for Latin poetry, and for reciting it with great 
propriety and modulation of voice, he was early 
taken notice of by his master. Dr. Busby; and at 
the accustomed time of performing Latin plays, 
young Booth \vas assigned a considerable part. 
The discerning eye of Busby (who, when young, 
performed a part in a play of Cartwright's with 
considerable applause) soon found out the real 
talent of his pupil ; as on that representation he 
wo distinguished himself by the elegance of his 
department, the harmony of his voice, and the 
justness pf his enunciation, that the applauses he 


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3781 . HfjroiBss lorf . 

received fired his yoiiog miftdi ^ad irne^sli^ jtd 
him to that proftatidQ whhih mture (tfi^niiMy d^ 

Booth was twice inarried ; in the year 1704-, to 
Miss Barkham, daughter to Sir William B^rkham, 
of Norfolk, Bart. M^ho lived with hiw six years; 
l|Ut dying without issu^, he married, some time 
aft-er he became Manager, Mis$ Santlo wa, a risiM: 
Actress, who gained great reputatioTi^ m the cna* 
racter of The Fair Quaker of Deal, With thiii 
Lady he got a very considerable fortune; as it 
appears by his will, ^* that though he left all his 
fortune to his wife, it did not amount to more 
than /rw thirds of what he had received with her 
on, the day of marriage." Now as Bootli must 
have at least died worth between five and six 
thousand pounds, Miss Santlowe's fortune on the 
day of marriage, by this computation, must have 
been between eight and nine thousand pounds; a 
sum impossible for her to have acquired by her 
acting, both from her youth and theatricalrepur 
tation. The question then arises, Hqw could shp 
obtain it? 

Tlie answer consists in an anecdote little knowa 
to the wor!d, and which we give on the credit of 
a Literary Gentleman many years dead, who 
heard it from Tom Chapman the Player, which ]f 
this: Miss Santlowe being one of the most ele- 
gant and captivating women on the5ta|;^at that 



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thnc, attracted the notice of John Duke of Marl- 
boroagh> who, after somi? solicitation, perauaded 
her to go the campaign of 1706 with him to 
Flanders* Here she conliinued near two years; 
and during this time it is highly probable that, 
she had amassed, or at least laid the foundation 
of, that fortune which gained her so respectable 
|in husband. 

Whether Booth knew this circumstance * or 
not, it is impossible, perhaps, now to say ; but we 
have the clearest proofs of their living together 
very harmoniously, and by his will, mentioning 
her in terms of the highest respect and affection, 
fihe likewise gave proofs of reciprocal attachment, 
as she continued a widow to the end'of hei: life, 
>n privacy and retirement; though she outlived 
Jier hysband for nearly the space of forty years, f 

Next to Booth, in the Dramatis Personce of 
Macklin*s first entree on the London Stage, was 
Jthe Elder Mills, the. intimate friend of Wilks, 
and an actor of considerable merit, particularly 
in the grave and weighty characters of Tragedy. 


^ See Dennis's Character and Conduct of Sir John Edgar,. 
Vol II. of the Theatxe, p. Z65. Editor. 

t Booth is said to h^ve been concerned in the building Bar- 
ton and Cowley Streets, Westminster; to the former of which he 
gave his own Christian name, Barton; and to the latier, that of 
his favourite Poet. 

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380 . . MEMMRST OF * 

The parts that Mills geherallyi played in, irers 
Volpone in *^ The Fox*' of Bcn^ Jonson^ Venti* 
dius in ** All for Love," Lpon in ** Rule a ll\^ife 
and Have a Wife," Falstaff, the old- Emperor in 
*^ Aurengzebe," Chamont, Pierre, King Henry 
the Fourth, &c, ' \ : ! 

The first of these plays, Volpone^ is well kiiown 
to he written by Ben Jonson; the plot of which 
is founded to expose avari^ and luxiiiy. in the 
year 1731 it was revived, and Mills' ^pted VolpoM 
with a considerable degree of Reputation. About 
three years afterwards, by way of giving still 
greater novelty to this pijece, Quin played Volt- 
pone, and Mills took the part of Corvino, which 
was originally played l>y Colley Gibber^ Gibber 
seemed to jest withNthe ch^^acter too much; 
but Mills was in earnest, and had a stronger 
toice to express passionate and jealous rage thai^ 
the other.. , - 

It was a curiosity to the amateurs oi Xht o\di 
School, to see the venerable Bowman, at that 
time verging to his eightieth year, playing the part 
of the first Jvocatori, or Superior Judge. Thi$ 
Actor was the last of the Betteftonian Scjjopl; 
and even by the remains of this man, t)ie spectq.- 
tors might guess at the perfection to which the 
old masters had arrived; as, when Bowman pro- 
nounced the sentence upon the several delinc^uents 

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in tli6 ComtftJy, he did it witll siith a becoming gra* 
vity; grafc^, • and dignity, as commanded the at- 
tention and applause of the audienfce. 

• Mr, Garricfc had Idng wished to revit^e Vol- 
fone^ and to aet the principal character himself; 
and the parts were transcribed and delivered to 
the Actors for that purpose; but the play was su- 
perseded by some meatis not known. 

'Jn the pky of '^ AH for Love/' Mills played 
yentidius to Booth's Antony; and he is •said to 
liave acted it with a true spirit of the rough and 
-generous soldier. Indeed, 'the whole of thi^ dra- 
matic chef d'cmvre of Dryden's was so admirably 
represented, that, after the death of these actors, 
itgradually sunk into forgetfalness, till Barry shew- 
-^ed the publiq, in Marc Antony, all the grace and 
dignity of the Roman, and all the pathos of the lover. 

- We have no particular eulogium on Mills's 
Xeoh; thdugh the play had a good hin'atthe 
time of its revival at Driiry Lane, when Wilks 
played Perez, Mrs. Horton Margaretta, and 
■Estifania by Mrs! Oklfield.* ' Booth, it is thought, 
rwould/ liave been an; admirable Leon,- for^ he 
had enough of comic humour for the assumed 
.folly of the part, and atbuhdance of manly, fine, 
land noble action to display, when he broke 
through the cloud of his disguise, and proved 
' ' - . himself 

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himself the vindicator of his own honour, smct thir 
vortby hudb^Dcl of the lady he had married ; bu€ 
Booth avoided a con teiition with th^ impetuouei 
Wilks, the avowed patron of Mills : he was, be- 
dd^f too indoknt to struggle for those parts 
whidi iipparentfy. elain^e^ his aBiaiated exertipAb 

Mrs. CHdfield'3 £stifania, too, ia regarded t» 
a part of great merit thoughout the whole, atkd^ 
in particular, her manner of prete^iding to shoot . 
Pereis.; In this scene, when she drew the piltol 
from l^r pocket, Wilks drew back, as if greafljr 
frightened, and, in a tremulous voice, uttered^ 
'' What, hill thy otm husbandr Oldfield replied, 
with an archness of countenance, ^nd half shut 
eye, which at all times had a fascinating expres- 
sion, ^^ Let mine awn hwband, then, be in hisowh 
wits,'* in a tone of voice so exactly in imitation 
of his, that the Theatre was in a tumult of ap- 
plause. Mrs. Pritchard, and Mrs. Abington, 
without having ever seen Mrs. Oldfield, gave a 
lustre to this part that left no wish ungratifed, 
and no legitimate successor ever si|K:e, 

Garrick revived this Comedy in }7S9; and it 
was then wished'by Mossop, and his friends, that 
the two principal parts might have been divided 
between him and the Manager; Mossop, Leon; 
and Perez, Garrick; but Hoscius determined 
otherwise. Before the representation. of the play^ 
the public Jiad some doubts of the propriety of 


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lim '^hoki; hixt \m perfommu^t instantly dissi- 
f^ted eytVf ^oubt; hi$ dUguisie of foHy in the 
ftrs« pm^ jpresented t^ complete picture of a 
Wiltolj and when be put on the man of seme 
tlid oou'rige, and ifc^erred the honest rights of a 
bHsbawrf, the watmth of his feeimgg, and the force 
of hid judgment, tart^Hf spirit <)f sympathy to the 
dbHeil'9pdctiaM)r: but when he replied to the 
Diike ^ liledina, who deitres him to nsk his wife 
^we8, *• My owtt ^manity will teaeh iwe this, ^ his 
ex^>fe^sive look, tone, afi^ action, can itiever be 
lerg(^t : tfcte Single line was a most perfect portrait 
of true greatnew, at the same tiwie tliat it ejtpo«* 
fA the little dontemptiWe artiR ctf his mMc adviser. 

Henderson caught a good deal of Garrick*^ 
-itia<H»e* in this part, and his own judgment made * 
it a respectable piece of acting; yet, though it 
had many beauties, it was but the copy of a great 


^ - Betterton was the first Actor who aj>pearcd in 
^thi# part aft6r fhe Rcstomtion, which he is said 
'to have supported with all the various requisites 
• necessarj^ to sustain it. On his death, it lay '^r- 
mant for some time; ■ and probably wouM have 
remained much long*er on the shelf, if Queen 
Mr^ liid'not; by particukr command, otdered 


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9t4 . : M£MOlli$ oy 

Booth to ibe it$ representative^ But £»I$I^ h^ 
qtiaUtie^ which Booth^'s grave and dignified i i|i9j^ 
nerrcould not u-dl assume} l^tharcfoi^fv^^m. 
th^ habit but/or one night only^ a^d then r$s%06d 
it That he did not ventiure a seecitid.atte^^pt, 
might he owi»g As.iftiMih tora pre^iteciioft for the 
part of Hotspur, a^acoitsfiousnessffof 4^eieQcgr 
iia Falstaff: howi^vep, ithe-play.-heiftg ,#afe aeta 
gc^ng^ Mtils waa cast^aa the iwt)r«tfnla*ti««.rf£ 
Booth^^but with litUe. more fAioe«ii» >r nekheir }m 
sobep 4fra«ity, or judgmejat, co^d resK^fa t]|? MHf 
mit)ablem>hrth of this stage prodigy ^ uid he wm, 
after being appbmded in tadc&y sceiiea £6r his-juaife 
concepttion of the Author, obliged to jrjesign the 
part to Harper, whose fat figure, full voice, round 
face, and honest laugh, more than inad^ up for 
his waiijt of intelligence, and at last fi:i^4 him ia 
the jolly: Knight's easy chair* 

Aurcngzehc (md the Orphan* 

The old Etnperor in the former, and Chamont 
in the latter, were favourite parts af^M4Ua» Thtf 
first of tliese pieces, we have before observed, \^as 
cast with the whole strepgth, of th^e C4^pa^y,r 
and Mills is said to have kept his rank, iq this dis- 
tinguished list, with appropriate character. He 
had likewise long possessed (be partof ^hapi^njb; 
but as years grew on, he fpMud himftelf fto lo»g?r 


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<}ua1ified fot a part which required a younger man, 
with much variety of passion, tod quick transi* 
lion from anger to calmness, and from calnlnesi 
to returning rage. 

There arc many traits in the character of Acasto^ 
in this Tragedy, which are supposed to be drawn 
for James, Duke of Ormond, that old and faith- 
ful servant of King Charles the Second. And 
when we compare this Nobleman's neglected stat^ 
with the following character given of him by old 
Ernesto, a servant in the piece, it will strongly 
apply to the original : 

" When, for what he bad borne^ 

*' Long and faithful toH, he might have claimU 
^' Places in honour and employment high, 
'^ A huffing, shining, flattering, cringing coward, 
** A canker^vsorm ofpeactj was rais'd above him. 

This canker-worm was the infamous VilHeM, 
Duke of Buckingham, who often kept the King, 
in spite of himself, from doing justice to his own 
feeKngs, as will particularly appear from the fol* 
towing anecdote told by Carte. 

•' The^ King, who was extremely affable, and 
made it his constant business to please every man 
with his conversation at the levee, saw Ormond 
always ready to pay his court; but, by Bucking- 
ham's influence, he never could get to speak to 

C c him. 

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bim. This behaviour -w^s copied by all who fre- 
quented the Court, with a view to gain employ- 
nient, or to secure the Minister's favour. But 
those who had nothing to ask, and went there 
only to make their bows, however, formed a cir- 
cle about Omiond, and listened with great atten-* 
tion to his discourse. 

" It happened one day, that the King, struck 
with the respect paid to his old loyal servant, was 
willing to break through his forced silence, and 
speak to him ; but the favourite's presence embar- 
rassed him so much, that Buckingham, in a whis- 
per, said to the King, ** I wish your Majesty 
could resolve me one question — Is the Duke of 
Ormond out of favour with your Majesty? or is 
your Majesty out of favour with the Duke of 
Ormond? for, of the two, you seem to be in most 

Venice Preserved. 

. Pierre, in ** Venice Preserved," was another of 
Mills's parts, and in which he principally ex- 
celled ; his figure, voice, deportment, and study 
of the character, all conjoined to give him a 
considerable degree of reputation. " Mills act* 
cd Pierre so much to the taste of the public, 
that the applause bestowed on him exceeded aU 
that was given to his best eflForts in every thing 


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else: the Actors joined their voices to that of the 
Public, who never saw him in this part with- 
out a degree of approbation/' 

When this play was cast about the year 1706^ 
Wilks played Jaffier; Mills, Pierre; and Mrs. Ro- 
gers, Belvidera. This Actress, after standing 
out a long siege of amorous courtship from Wilks, 
at last, " to save his life," says Gibber, yielded 
up the fortress; and the issue of this intrigue was 
a daughter, afterwards married to Charles Bul- 
lock, by approbation of Wilks. However ardent 
Wjlks*s passion for Mrs. Rogers was, it propor- 
tionally cooled; and the lady's temper not readily 
submitting to this, produced much bitterness and 
disagreement They were, however, obliged of- 
ten to play the lovers on the Stage, and particu- 
larly the parts of JafBer and Belvidera, in which 
there are scenes of as much tenderness as in any 
play upon the stock list. Wilks bore up the cha- 
racter of the lover with much ^ee/wiVi^; but, (if 
we can rely upon contemporary writers) Mrs. Ro- 
gers was so incapable of stifling her resentment in 
the embraces which she gives Jaffier, that sh6 
" ever and anon" left visible and bloody marks of 
her jealousy. This, however painful to Wilks, 
was sport to the audience j and to behold this 
strange perversion of courtship, where love was 
turned into spite, and jealous rage took place of 

C Q S conjugal 

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388 JnEMoiRS 6* 

conjugal embraces, the play, for this reason, 
was much frequented. 

The fiuest representations of Jaffier and Pierre^ 
during the, course of the last century, were Bet- 
terton and Smith ; the first of whom, says a con- 
temporary writer, ** possessed such tenderness, 
friendship, and love, conflicting with such rage, 
tenderness, and remorse, as exhibited the charac- 
ter in the most pathetic and impressive manneri 
Smith's person in Pierre was grand and command- 
ing, with all the advantages of a fine, manly 
voice, and great theatrical talents. The audience 
always felt the force of the character given of him 
by himself, 

** A fine, gay, boId-facM villain, as diou scc*»t me,"* 

as well as Bedamor's compliment, 

'^ The Poets who firsft feigned a god of war, 
•* Sure prophecied of thee.'* 

The figure and manners of the Actor represented 
the character of the Poet so truly, that both were 
in unison, and consequently reflected reputation 
OH each othen 

Wilks and Mills succeeded them with consi- 
derable reputation — ^To them Delane and Garrick, 
1 Garrick's 

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CHARJJ:* mack LIN. 58© 

GarHdc'3 Pierre (^bating his peraoi], wliich could 
newr correspond with the Poet's description) was 
a fine, manly performance, and must have greatly 
eclipsed the Jaffier of Delane; and for this reason 
he was fond of the part ; but the moment Barry 
appeared in JatBer,, he declined Pierre. His 
friends pressed him to know the reason of it. To 
which he replied, *^ I will not bully the Moriu- 
mcnt.'\ Here Roscias acted with his usual Stage 
prudence; Barry's commanding height must not 
only have diminished the person of Garrick; feut 
his exquisite performance of the part, through all 
the scenes of rage, tenderness, and distress, mdst 
have thrown him in the back grbimd; and to a 
man of Garricfc's. universal great talents, this 
cpuld iiot he either prudent or agreeable. 

To them aiicceeded Powell and Holland. The 
former, undoubtedly, bad a>n$«ierable talents in 
parts of love and tendemfcisv Jike Jaffier; and 
whilst he could imabe way to the lieart, was al- 
ways fure of . jipjdausC'; but having no judgment 
equal to his pathetic powens, he failed in particu- 
lar passages. 

Holland's Pierre was respectable: indeed, ht 
waa so in all the rdugh manly parts of Tragedy 
and Coftiedy; but his study of Garrick, without 
having a portion of the divine fire of his original, 
rendered him, at times, stiff and mechanical. 

C c 3 However, 

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However, both these performers made the Tra- 
gedy of Venice Prcsfrce4 very popular, and de^ 
sprvedly so^ 

Henry the IVth. 

Upon Drury Lane Theatre assuming the firm 
ef Gibber, Wilks, and Booth, the last-mentioned 
performer played Henry to Wilks's Prince of 
Wales; and both, as we have before observed, 
obtained great reputation in their respective parts. 
To them succeeded the dder Mills in the King, 
?ind his son in the Prince of Wales. The first had 
a considerable deal of merit in this part, from a 
liberal study of Booth, and an easy, dig4iifi6d dc* 
portment of his own; but the son was a mere 
copier of Willcs, which, to those who did not see 
the original, appeared respectable. But mere 
copyists, laying nq claim to original talents, have 
but a secondary reputation, and are always con- 
sidered as little better than rairdc and file meo itl 
the catalogue of Actprs. 

It IS rather singular, that Henry the IVth was 
the last part which Mills played : he was taken ill 
a few days after he acted it ; but not so bad, but 
that his name was announced in the bills for Mac- 
beth- He, however, died on the morning of that 
(lay, (November 173ff.) The Manager had not 


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time to alter the play, so Quin was obliged to 
supply his place. " I saw him," says Davies^ 
" hurrying to the playhouse between five and six 
on that evening for that purpose-" 

Milward was the successor of Mills in Henry, 
and was, in the pathetic parts, allowed his supe- 
rion His countenance was finely expressive of 
grief; and the plaintive tones of his voice were 
admirably adapted to the languor of a dying per* 
son, and to the spirit of an ofFencled, yet aflFec* 
tionate parent* 

- Though Garrick's figure did not assist 
the personification of this character, the forcible 
expression of his countenance, and his energy. of 
utterance, made ample amendis. To describe the 
a^nguish, mixed with terror, which he seemed to 
feel, when he cast up his eyes to heaVen, and pro- 
nounced these wordi, 

. ** How icami h^ the Crown^ .0 God forgive me!**- 

must ever he rewembered by those who were 
present, with a feeling as difficult to describe as 
it is to forget. 

Garrick taught Powell to play this part; and, 

as far as his feelings went, he was very impress 

sive J but those who compared him with his great 

^ ^ C c 4 original, 

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original, instantly saw the difference: he never 
had science enongh in his profession to accoinpa«<r 
py his natural powers. The latter, it is true, did, 
and will always do, a gre^t deal; but without the 
former for their guide, perfection is sought for iij 

In the la$t lingering stage of life, w^rn by 
complicated distempers, Barry undertook to re*' 
present the dying scenes of Henry. It was a 
part of his in his youthful days, in which, he ob- 
tained celebrity ; and his infirmities, particularly 
in the last scene, now gave an ^j^quisite sensibi- 
lity to ^e <^lmracter. In person, if we consult 
history, Barry was better adapted to. Hwry than 
^y of his predecessors,: as almost ^11 the Princes 
of the PlaPvtagtnet line; were remar)^able for height 
of figure,. But this was owe of theieast requisites 
of tl>w igr^e^t Actor---d;he fatherly reproofs, and 
earnest admonitions, from ,the conscience im- 
parted by Barry's pleasing manner, as well as nOr 
ble figure, acquired authority and iinportance, 

. His itelings KHerpi perhaps, helgfrtefled by the 
anxiety df his-mind in the declipirig state of his 
health, which was, at this time, so pfecarioiis, 
that he was not sure but each representation 
v^'ould ht^ his: last.: But from this setting sun 
-emitted a* warm, though glimmering ray, by 
J ' which 

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which spectators might fprm a judgment what 
he had been in the meridian of his glory. 

The two Henrys of Drury Lane and Govent 
Garden Theatres, are at present very respectably 
filled by Messrs. Wroughton and .Murray, who 
are both Actors of judgment and feeling, and, in 
parts of this kind, will not be readily equalled. 

By the bye, royalty seems to be very much de-» 
graded by its general re|>resentation on the 
Stage; as some of the meanest Actors, in point of 
abilities, are shoved on, like Lindimira in the 
Critic, as Kings and Princes — such as tlie Kipgs 
in Hamlet, Cymbeline, &c. &c. This seems to 
arise from their being littte^ bustle or business in 
those parts, so as to be worthy the talents of a 
superior Actor; but Managers should consider, 
that if Kings have not a great deal to say^ they 
have always a great deal to took — there is a de- 
mand for manners, deportment, and dignity; 
which would give the little that is to say a con- 
formable importance to the character; and not 
only to the character itself, but to all the dramatis 
persofKe^ of which he is supposed to be the head, 
in point of rank and situation. 

This surely ought to be reformed ; and which 
may be done, without losing the value of a first 
rate Actor ii^ the part of a mere King. Let some 


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man of good figure, easy manners, and propei' 
enunciation, be chosen. They are not difficult 
to be found in any Theatre ; and when once found, 
and properly rewarded for this mediocre talent, 
there would not be wanting those who, in future, 
would aspire to be as good Kings, as good lovers, 
good fops, great heroes, &c. when Stage Royalty 
would not be rendered as cheap as it is at present; 
we should no longer see its robes disgraced by 
the awkward strut and air of a mechanic; but he 
that was set down fbr this part, would have am- 
bition to attain the character given of Louis the 
XlVth— " That he was the best actor of a King 
in Europe.*^ 

Having now gone into some length on the me- 
rits of the contemporary performers on Macklin's 
introduction to the Stage, the better to shew the 
state of the Theatres at that period, as well as to 
examine what opportunities he had under the in- 
fluence of such eicamples, we shall now conclude; 
this part of the inquiry, by just touching on two 
remaining characters, whom he has often acknow* 
ledged to have received great delight and im-» 
provemeut from, viz. Gibber and Ky^n, 


Of Gibber he has often said, ** that Nature 
formed him for * coxcomb;" for though, in many 


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respects, he was a sensible and observing man,- a 
good perfonner, and a most excellent comic wri-. 
ter, yet his predominant tendency was, to be con- 
sidered amongst the men, as a leader of fashion ; 
amongst the women, as a beau gargon. Hence 
he excelled in almost the whole range of light 
fantastic comic characters. His Lord Foppington 
was considered for many years as a model for 
dress, hauteur, and nonchalance, which distin- 
guished the superior coxcombs of that day • and 
the picture of him which we have seen in this 
stage dress, viz. a stiff embroidered suit of clothes, 
loaded with the ornaments of rings, muff, cloud- 
ed cane, and snuff-box, would exhibit the best 
lesson to a modern beau, of the versatility and 
frivolity of fashion. 

His Richard, though it was a part he was much 
followed in, Macklin did not entirely approve of; 
he wanted variety of powers, as well as dignity of 
deportment; and his voice, naturally shrill, did 
not accord with the deep-minded, heroic Richard, 
His lago, and Cardinal Wolsey, he, however, did 
ample justice to : the former more particularly ; 
it was studied not only in the best conception of 
the part, but exhibited with singular taste and 
judgment; and from this model, Mackhn has 
often acknowledged to have received great im- 


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996, . i|fis|«oiM Of ^ 

As a reader of plays, too, Ma^klin gave him 
great praise, wbich be bad mf^ny opportunities of 
bearing; not only on the 6tage> but from his often 
fjssidingj to the iSrst M|^s. Mackli^^ parts that she 
wished to have his opinion on. This he condes* 
tended to do long after he quitted the Stage^ to 
the delight and imi^ovemeut of those who heard 

J In corroboration of this last eulogy on Cibber*$ 
character, we have the authority of one of the 
}no$t respectable dramatic writers of the present 
day, who has often heard him read the Comedy 
of the Provoked Husband, in order to instruct 
iWrs. Woffington irji the part of Lady Townjy; 
His reading this play was, to use the Critic's own 
words, *^ an impressive personification of each 
part, so that it appeared more like a rehearsal than 
a mere recitation." He had, he confessed, what 
sounded like a quaintness of voice in his tones, 
which did not altogether correspond with the 
reading of the present day ; but this he consider*- 
ed as the costume of an old picture, which belong 
ed to the character of the times, and gave it th<; 
value of an original, 


As to Ryan, though he claimed the lovers' parts 
in Tragedy, and the fine gentlemen in Comedy,. 


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and possessed them through a long life, yet he 
did not rise much above mediocrity: he was, 
however, a sensible, inoffensive man ; and in se- 
veral parts of Tragedy, such as Hamlet, Orestes, 
lago, Edgar, &c. shewed a knowledge of his 
authors which was well worthy the attention of 
rising Actors, 

The circumstance of his being shot in the 
mouth by some street-robbers, though in some 
respect true, was not the cause of that defect in 
his utterance which the public both gave him pity 
and credit for. He had a scar ever after upon 
his upper lip from the wound, it h true, but it 
did him no further damage. The story, however, 
was in circulation, that he had a fine voice before 
mis accident ; and Ryan, perhaps, willing to fa- 
vour this report, did not contradict it. Quin, 
however, who knew the real abilities of Ryan, and 
loved the man with a sincere friendship, could 
not help cracking his joke upon the occasion; 
for when Ryan was one day complaining to him 
of the inabilities of a young friend of his, whom 
he could not dissuade from the Stage, ** Poh ! 
poll !" says Quin ; " try him ; perhaps he may yet 
do something.'* ** I have," says the other, "and 
nothing will do ; he wants almost every requisite.'* 
" Why then," says Quin, " bum him in the 

mouth ; 

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mouth ; and that at least will give him the credU 
of a good Acton"* 

Under such masters, Macklin had to form him- 
self as an Actor. It must be confessed he had 
good. opportunities; and, considering the many 
impediments thrown in his way from original dis- 
advantages, he availed himself of such masters 
very creditably, both for his talente and industry. 
He was a long time, however, before he could 
make any way on the Theatre. He was, as we 
have before stated, at first rejected b}r*Rich almost 
as totally inefficient — a repulse which, to a mind 
less daring than Macklin's, would have deterred 
him from a second attempt ; but he seemed to 
know the powers that then lay dormant in his 
xnind ; and the perseverance he was master of, a,vA 
his future success in life, fully answered all hb ex* 

When he was first tet in to the Theatre, (as he 
himself expressed it)—** For, Sir, my salary was 
so small I could hardly say I was engaged*'-^hh 


* This sarcasm of Quin is, however, differently told. It 
should be remembered, that ttie humour of Old Hippesley was 
miich aided by an accidental bum in his face. Talking with 
Quin about the destination of his son, he said, he had some 
tiioughts of bringing him up to the Stage. "Have you so?" 
said the Tragedian ; *^ then I am sure it is high time to think of 
burnifig him" 

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fhatacters were very trifling— the mere faggots 
and subordinate parts of the drama. This must 
have been very mortifying to a man who, in his 
probationary country excursions, figured away in 
Richard, Hamlet, &c. but he considered London 
as the great emporium for talents, and he trusted 
to himself for the rest. 

An opportunity at last presented itself of taking 
biin out of this drudgery, by being accidentally 
cast in the Comedy of the Coffee-house Politician, 
written by Harry Fielditig, and brought out in 
1730. This part was originally designed for 
another, who either failed in the representation, 
or was taken ill after the first night ; so that it 
was on the spur of the occasion Macklin was 
thought of. He more than answered the Author's 
exppctatiop ; for if we are to believe his own opi- 
nion, his performance much contributed to the 
success of the piece. And, indeed, when we con- 
sider that this Comedy had a considerable run, 
though much under the par of Fielding's general 
abilities, we are inclined to think Macklin did not 
pver compliment himself 

His next step to preferment was in the Drunken 
Colonel, in th6 Intriguing Chambermaid ; a part 
which Macklin valued himself much on, and was 
>vell received in ; and yet, though he might have 
considerable practice in the dissipation of those 


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times, we must, from what we have seen of him 
in Sir John Brute, think him greatly deficient in 
the character of a rake of fashion. Woodward^ 
who succeeded him in this part, must have been 
much his superior — but Woodward was an Actor, 
amongst some others of that day, who has left his 
niche in the temple of the drama still uninha« 

From this period, Macklin's theatrical glass 
pointed upwards, and he was called into a variety 
of parts, which increased his salary and reputa- 
tion, till the full extent of his abilities were disco* 
vered in Shy lock, in " The Merchant of Venice/* 

From this fixed point of view, we shall now 
consider him as an Actw^ and inquire into what 
qualifications, and in what lines of performance, 
he was entitled to the praise of this character. 

In his person he was above the middle size, ra- 
ther stout than well proportioned, with a marked 
eye, an aquiline nose, and a face altogether that 
expressed more acumen than grace, or even than 
what we call openness of countenance. 

His voice was strong, clear, important, and 
sufficiently variable for the parts he generally 
played : he had likewise the peculiar manner of 
governing ity and hence the terminations of his 


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sentences werfe as well heard, ." even in the whirl* 
wipcl of passion," as in the middle parts— a point 
of attention which he supported to the end of his 
stage life, and which he inculcated in all the va-^ 
rious pupils he had under his direction ; adding, 
by way of example, " Sir, there is no hearing 
nine Actors out of ten through the whole of a 
passage, and it is nine to one but that the tenth 
Hian roars like a bull." 

• With these requisites, he was always perfect in his 
parts, Svhich talent, he said, he by no means receiv- 
ed from nature, (having always what the players 
call *^ a hard study,") but strengthened his me* 
mory from much private reading in his profession, 
as well as by attending to as many rehearsals a3 
he could. Rehearsals, too, in his time, were 
very different from what they are at present. 
Players were not permitted to *' mouth over their 
parts^" and hurry from one passage to another, 
without attending to the enunciation, or exhibi- 
tion of the character; almost every thing was de- 
tnanded at a rehearsal as before an audience; eve- 
ry person did their best to please; and their er- 
rors were either^ modestly reprehended by the 
Manager, or deputy, or by the mutual correction 
of themselves. 

But hear how a contemporary Author has des- 
cribed these rehearsals, of which he was often a 

D d spectator. 

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402 MEHOIM Of 

Spectator. '* If a nc\r play (say* he, speaking of 
the period of Wilks, Booth and Gibber's admi* 
nistration) was coming on, th^ first tlffee read^ 
ings fell to the share of the Author: if a revived 
play, it fell to the share of the Maoag»cf, who 
was the principal performer in it. The readings 
over, there followed a limited number of rehear- 
sals with their parts iniheplayers hands) ^fter whicb^ 
a distant morning was appointed for eyery person 
in the play to appear perfect, because the rehear- 
sals only then begin to be of use to the Actor.. 
When be is quite perfect in the words and cues^ 
^e Gin then be instructed, and practise his pi?oper 
entries^ emphasis, attitudes, and exits. 

" Thus the rehearsals went on under tlie eye 
of a person who had ability to instruct, and pow- 
er to encourage and advise, those of industry aaid 
merit, and to forfeit and discharge the negligent 
and worthless. They soon found, by experience, 
that regularity was. the first step to success'; and 
XKXt only the merits of the great Actors appeared 
by that in their full lustre, but even those of th^ 
lowest class acquired a decency that saved them 
from contempt..^'* 

Macklin, through life, was an hearty owr/ei^r 

of his profession, and, of course, was always 

thinking and observing on what could induce to 

his own improvement, and the credit of the Stage* 

• . Hence, 

♦ Victors History of the Theatres, 

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Hftnee; ffee mohitftit h^ gbt afi ascendancy irl 
tHt Thfcafre^ wliich feommericfed under the riia-i 
ftagcfriifent of Mf, rfighmbfe, he begin the officd 
of dflibrig arid tit^imzitig. '"^This man (say^ 
Ticibi; Speaking of f^ickliri) ^^as at that time 
of se^inmg hufiiwe pfreteriiipitt, but of eapaibilitiW 
t'O f aiie Himsfelf ib th^ ©ffifce of Lord High Cafdi^ 
nal.'' No douBt he wa4 not,#ithout ambitleftl, 
and was fond of sh^\^irig thif poorer delegated to . 
him by the Mariager: htrieef tie wais c6n$ftantly 
ihfbrriimg hfs rdcruits' ho\<^ the great Actors^ mi* 
nigid foriE^rly ; that they Wirier not only atten- 
tif6 id the perforniance of their 6 wn parts, but' 
t6 £H6^ by6-play, WhicTi was alvray^ to beekpfected 
fr6tt p^rsoAs iriferest^d iri th6^ scene; He enjofti-' 
ed theita t'tf ktep the?r tyes fr6frif A\raTfder?rig dvftr 
the house, ifthferfti lic'arch of 2^dm?rai;ron> or the 
looser companions of their leisure hours; but to 
consider the audience, as connected with the 
<ibi!iduct6f thepSece, *^a* so many cabbage-stalks/' 
&fe. &c. In short, those who rert'ember him 
in the latter part of liFs life at rehearsals, as well 
as in the performance of plays, mast ^ve observ- 
cc^ a' pecnlrar' decorum, riot only' in the part he re- 
presented, btit throughout the whole piece; e^^ery 
thing run more upon dll fours than usu^l, which 
very much doiftributed ^' to the cunning of the 

As^ he gre\ir oW, he was, at timc^^,, a little too 
cBctstttTidi fa^ fhfese MieaTsals ; and vmh^h he d6- 

D d 2 jired 

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404 HEHOiRA or^ 

$ircd a thing to be done, which was not readily 
complied withi he would let loose the natural ir« 
ritability of his temper, and assume a tone too 
managerial. He likewise would grow tedious in 
arranging the etiquette of the scene, in respect 
to sitting or standing; crossing the Stage, or re«» 
maining still; and many other little peculiarities, 
that in a great nieasure must be left to the discre- 
tion of the performer. At one of hb late rehear- 
sals of " The Man of the World," he was going 
on in this kind of way, when a performer, not a 
little goaded at this school-boy kind of treatment, 
tartly observed, '* Why, d-~n it, Mr* Macklin, 
you don't meaa to teach me the A. B. C. of my 
profession at this time of day ?" " No, Sir," says 
Macklin, assuming one of his civil sarcastic leers,^ 
V I only wanted to teach you manners." 

To estimate Macklin as an Actor,, from the 
various parts he played tlirough the range of his 
profession, would be injurious to his reputation, 
as he was for many years the creature of necessity 
in the hands of. the Manager, and sometimes of 
"camty in his own hands; we shall therefore only 
consider him in those parts in which he ultimate- 
ly settled, and which gave him that degree of 
fame which he was so justly entitled to on the roll 
o^ his profession. 

Of his Shylock, nv. "The Merchant of Venice,'* 

we have a number of living witnesses, .*5 evidi^nces 

. V K of 

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fit its being one of the finest pieces of modern 
akcting; and there are passages in it, partictilarly 
in the third act, which exhibit the contracting 
passions of grief for his daughter*s elopement,^ 
and joy at Antonio's misfortunes, M^iich demand 
an uncommon versatility of powers. This, and the 
whole of the trial scene, we may safely^pronounce, 
have not been equalled, at least, since Mack- 
lin had possession of the part Many have since 
attempted it, and Mfith considerable success ; such 
as the late Mr. Henderson, the present Mr. Mur- 
ray, and Mr. Cooke ; each of whom would be 
principals^ but for Macklin's superior abilities, 
which have placed them in the second class. To 
Henderson's Shylock, the veteran himself paid 
this compliment, when asked. Whether he was 
entitled to that popular applause which he receiv- 
ed? ** Sir, there is no putting out the light of 
the sun — the young fellow has very considerable 
merit." At Murray's Shylock, he was so insen* 
sible, (such was the deranged state of Macklin's 
intellect at the time,) that he frequently asked, 
in the course of the representation, what play it 
was? He then seemed to recollect himself, and 
acrew up his attention to the scene ; but Nature 
was too imbecile for any sort of mental combina- 
tion. All these succeeding Shylocks, though 
just and pleasing portraits of the character, want- 
ed the original firmness and colouring of Mack-t 
Hn's pencil. There was, beside his judgment, 
% D d 3 which 

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4i^ yjMioiEf Qf 

which went to the s^pdy of tycxy lint of it, 9u<^ 
an iron-yisaged look, SHch a relenUi^^s savage cMk 
of mannen, that the audience 9eemed to shrink 
from the character; nor could they recover tbii 
true tone of their feeling9, till the merchant >rM 
liberated from the fangs of $uch a merciless credw 
tor. Cooke seems to be nearest the original of 
any we have ever seen. 

His Sir Pertinax Mac Sycophants in ^*Tlto 
Man of the World, •* and Sir Arcby Mac Sar^. 
casm, in *^ Love a la Mode— characters both 
^rawn and performed by himself-rdid ^qufl crct 
dit to his pen and performance. TJiey are both 
cunping, plodding men, of intrigue and know-r 
Jedge of the world; and they were both given in 
a fine style of colouring and discrimination.' The 
difficulty of an Englishman keeping up the Scotch 
accent, through the whole of a five act piece, 
may likewise be numbered amongst the merits of 
this Actor* 

The above three characters being the only onea 
that the rising generation can remember him in^ 
we shall now proceed to others (which c?ii he re< 
memhered but 'by a fiew) in which he had great 
celebrity; such as his lago^ Sir Gilbert Wrangk^ 
Sir Francis Wronghead, Sir Paul Pliant, Trapanti, 
Scrub, Lory, &c. &rC 


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llie first of these (lago) we have seen him in 
about thirty years ago, to the Othello and DesdeJ- 
monaof thethen Mr. and Mrs^-Barry ; and it would 
be difficult for any critic of the first reputation 
to name a play so strongly cast. and represented. 
The merit of the two former we have had frequent 
occasions to mention as of the first order— nor did 
Macklin fall short of such excellence: his gradual 
disclosure of the character; his seeming open- 
ness, and concealed revenge; and, above all, his 
soliloquies, were so much the natural workings 
of real character, as to demand the profoundest 
attention. It was, indeed, a mo&t finished per* 
formance ; and received the approbation of Drs* 
Johnson and Goldsmith, Messrs. Langton, Stee* 
vens^ &c. kc. who composed part of the audience 
of that night, and whose judgments must be con* 
sidered as decided reputation. 

Sir Gilbert Wrangle was another of the parts 
he was esteemed in. He generally played it for 
his own or daughter's benefit, and always drew 
the attention and applause of the public. 

His Sir Francis Wronghead was by far the best 
of modem times, because Macklin could remem* 
ber the manners from which the original was com- 
posed. Fastidious critics, it is true, sometimes 
said, the portrait was rather too coarse; but they 
did not consider the difference of the times, when 

D d 4 country 

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408 :memoirs of 

country gentlemen were almost a distinct race of 
beings from what they are now — their manners^ 
, their dress, their ideas, and conversation, all 
smelt of the honest plain soil they sprung from. 
The farmers were of a still homelier strain ; as 
monopolies had not then given them the means of 
vitiating the whole course of their original habits, 
setting a bad example to others, and grinding 
the face of a laborious poor. 

The Miser of Macklin gained him a considera* 
ble part of his early reputation; and we always 
considered it as a just and correct draught of the 
character. Shuter, we must confess, had more 
mellowness ; but it diverged, at times, too much 
from the chastity of the original* Though Mack* 
lin declined this part many years before he left 
the Stage, he was to the last well received in it; 
and it was always one of the stock pieces which 
he engaged himself to perform in his articles Avith 
town and country Managers, 

He gaye a quiet arch dryness to the cliaracter 
of Sir Paul Pliant, which was very congenial to 
the original, and very properly avoided those 
bufFooheries which Toote, and others, . after the 
example of Foote, had introduced into it. The 
fact was, the predominancy of Macklin's drama-» 
tic character was chastity, and he seldom or ne- 
y^r pjayed ^tage tricks with any of his parts. 


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CHAtlLES iCACKtlN. 409 

In the character of Trapanti, though he wanted 
the flippancy with which it is now generally play- 
ed, he exhibited that low arch comedy and in- 
trigue which belong to the original. Modern 
Trapantis have the town-bred English Footman 
too much about them-*-Macklin was the Fialet dc 
Place, which is certainly more the Authors mean* 
ing : and yet, who that has seen King in Trapanti, 
would wish him to play it in any other manner 
ihan he does? 

In the lower parts of Comedy and Farce, such 
as Scrub, Lory, &c. &c. he had humour, vulga- 
rity, rusticity, and cunning, at his disposal; and 
he could lay his colours on the character he as- 
sumed with singular propriety. 

As to the imperial walks of Tragedy, such as 
Richard, Macbeth, &c. which he latterly performed, 
(with some abatement in favour of his knowledge in 
the outline of these characters,) they must be consi- 
dered as the reveries of approaching dotage; and 
it is to be presumed, that his better powers, and 
better sense, would have restrained him from the 
attempt, especially before a London audience, 
who have greater opportunities of judging and 
comparing. He met with many rebuffs in this 
latter attempt, and particularly one day ^t the 
rehearsal of Macbeth, from the late facetious Ned 
Shuter, M^kUp had been teaming him about 


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the propriety of $ome passage for 4 long time; at 
last, Shuter could hold out no longer, but ex^ 

■ I ** the times have been 
That whan the brmns *W€rt out the man t^vld die^ 
^d there an ^cfrr-hut now they rise again, 
With twenty mortal murders on thair crawn^ 
An4 push us from our stools/' 

The performers on this could not resist a ge- 
neral laugh, which, though Macklin felt for a 
moment, by growling out the word *^ BuffoQn,'' 
it was not sufficient to restrain him from his pro- 

We have now gone thrpugh most of the princi- 
pal characters which established Macklin's thea- 
trical reputation ; and taking him on the general 
scale of his merits, we may fairly conclude him 
to be an Actor in some parts original^ in many 
respectable; and iu-the walks of low Comedy^ 
and Farce, one of the first in his own times, 

Having considered Mr. Macklin as an actor^ 
and appropriated to him^ in that capacity, such 
talents as we thought he possessed, we are now 
to review him as an author, and a fuan. 

In the first of these characters he is to be 
nought for in his original situation, in order the 

2 better 

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CHAR|.|;S }fACllif4». 411 

. bettfr )to>j9€ li0Tf ftr (Jift, conpepted with his m^ 
tiiral abilities, might accelerate or retard his pro- 
gress. " An author/* says Dr. Johnson, " is a 
gfRfral ch^llepgcf; ^u4 eyery pi^n h^s ^ ri^bt to 
pn^isp or bjafpe him, ^fipfdiflg tp tl^e hfSt Of ^h» 

Jf w? |po}^ round the general circle of authors, 
Ye P^4U €pd, hc)wever defi^^tive thpy might he ja 
genius the choice pf subjects, designartippj ^q. 
they hftvp gpnpr^]ly some prptcftsfons to literatm*?. 
TTiiB hopk? which they have fead at schppl^ ox at 
college, first generally induce th^iii to make bpok^ 
thgipselvps: their leqri^ipg is the foundation of 
tfepiF Vppwkdge, and furnisher pi^teri^ls np^ pnjy 
to th? philpjophef and Ipgiqian, but to the poet 
of thp ^uWiine^t ipf^aginjition. Bijt ?vpn with the 
lud of lei^raing, it is v^ commoi^ step to pass from 
a r«a4b* to a ffri^r: a man m\ have a feeling 
within hitnself tQ 4p something, whi,ch he thinks, 
>t Ipaat, ha^ UPt fe??n done befaye; or, if done, 
not so ^ell a^; hi^ is c^pal^e pf performing it : he 
must pQSsew tlm art of ^rjpanging \ii^ matter, and 
constructing his. sentences ; h^v^ a gopdear ; and^, 
defer^njce for that public, before whom he is ^hont 
to appear in the ajsmmed character of a preceptpr. 
In siiort, insignificant as n^i^ny whp invest them-, 
^ves with this character of a? author may be 
thought, yet, classed wit^ tbfe g^^xal nan of rea- 

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412* MEMoins Of 

ders, they rise into a kind of coroparatJvc impor*^ 

But, alas ! where shall we look for the founda- 
tion of Macklin's authorship ? We have already 
sketched his education, which, taken at its sup-- 
posable extremity, could amount to no more 
than a capacity for reading some of tlie com- 
monest English school-books, with scarcely any 
knowledge of the habits of civilized life. Thrown 
upon the world, therefore, with this scantiness of 
information, aided by a vigorous constitution, 
and strong desires to fill some niche in society, 
the odds were greatly against him, that he would 
have run rapidly down the stream of vulgar vice, 
and be no more heard of; but Nature seems to 
have kept something in store for him, in order to 
turn these circumstances to his advantage. With 
an ardent desire to emerge from his low circum* 
stances, and do something fdr himself, he took 
care that this something should not be wrong, or 
at least not sufficiently so as to hurt his moral 
character. It is true, when he first entered him* 
self as a performer on the Stage, he was, from his 
eccentricities, called the "Mad Irishman;" yet 
no man attended the duties of his profession more 
than he did, or laid in more observation and re- 
mark: so that, though he indulged his passions, 
in general, his passion for improvement always 
seemed to claim his principal attention, 


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What cpuld have at first induced him .to com- 
mence author, it is difficult to say : if we might 
venture a conjecture, we should think it might 
arise from the atmosphere of Trinity College, of 
vhich he was for some time a badge-man, or por- 
ter: for though he became an author many years 
after he left this place, and after passing through 
a great variety of Hfe, yet the seeds, though un- 
^nown to himself, might be laid here# In a col- 
lege, learning is the general traffic of the students . 
^ by it the spirit of emulation is excited, and by it 
the degrees of honour are obtained. Macklia 
saw all this; and though he saw it at an humble 
distance, it might have roused some wishes to be 
entitled to those advantages, which, though his 
subsequent habits of scrambling for a liveUhood 
might have for a time blown off, were not totally 

What sh^re Macklin had in the alteration of 
Lord Lansdowne's play of *'The Jew of Venice,'* 
9nd restoring it to the Stage about the year 1740, 
we do not exactly know; he never claimed any 
further merit himself, than some suggestions, and 
the arrangement of his own part of Shylock in 
point of dress, with other little particulars : he 
therefore can scarcely be said to have commenced 
his authorship here : though he did that of an 
established Actor; for in Shylock his merit was 
such, that, whilst ever the English Stag^ pre- 
serves its character, his name will be remembered,^ 
US the original f in its fullest extent of praise. 


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414 Mtmini 6* 

The ftfSt evident ptadf \^e have' of hfs brfhi^ an 
ittthdr, therit vfe are ta fix in the yeai* 17^4^, wheli 
fie brttutght out the historical play of " Henry ih€ 
^^veiith, or, the Popish Intpostdr,''^ at l)rtiTy Lani* 
thefetffe. IThough this Tragedy, in the title 6f 
p6pish Impostor, carries a nominal absurcKty bnthifr 
face of it, (Protestatttistn at that point of tiiWe tioe 
Beltig knotv'n in the comrtry,) arid though it irzi 
the hasty sketch of i si* \Veek4 wrrting, those \^ho 
have seen rt, have spoken of it with reisfrect, and, 
i'li hiany patssages, fepott they disco^efe'd a mofd 
than ofdinstry mirid. It, hbwe^r, met \i^ith ge- 
riefat disappfob^tbn on the Stage; and he had 
good setise enough t* atbide by that deternrina-^' 
tion ; thtfngh, Jii most other respects, fully at-' 
tach^d ttf the oiFspring of his owil brain'. 

He was more successful in his next attempt, 
which was* a Faree, entitled, '' A Will or No l^fll; 
or, a Bone for the Lawyers/' This wa» very fa-* 
Yourahty deceived at that tiftie, and coritimJed to- 
be so ft>r many year's afterwards, Ijeing iacted oc- 
easfonalFy at hi^ benefits, but never printed. 

The^T*2rt^ce of " The Suspicious Husband Gri*i-' 
eised; or, the Plague of tlnvy," folloVi^ed neXt; 
the idea of which was taken up On the liberal 
ground* of defending the celebrated Comedy of 
*^ The Snspicious Hii^band;" which, like th^' 
choieest frmt, tempted some critic flies^ of 


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tbat day to peck at Macklin raised tbe laugh 
mcaessfully agartist those Zoilusses, and had the 
honour of being aided by the juvenile pen of the 
late Right Hon. John Hely Hutchinson, (father 
of the ptesent celebrated Lotd Hutcbtn^on,) then 
a student of the Middle Tempte, who wi'ote the 

To these succeeded the Far«; of '^ Tbe^ For* 
tiine Hunter^/' &c. &q. all of vlifcb, though they 
slight be, at thait tioDoe^ of service to him as ail 
Aetor^ did liot rabehls i^pukatioa as at comic wri^ 
ter; insomuch, that if he had stopped here, his 
^ces would have only b<mie their titles in the 
Dra«atic£d Register; along: with the lorig list of 
Ibrgotfen things that are recorded there; arid the 
still kmger list which modem play^makers aire 
daily preparing for this literary mausoteum. 

Macklin seemed to be the first to feel his insuf- 
ficiency in these pieces, and very prudently never 
printed them, (except Henry the Vllth,) to stand 
on a future day as recorded vouchers against him : 
l>e therefore lay fellow fot a certain time,> in order 
to correct his former mistakes, and enlarge tbe 
circle of his experience- His next attempt at 
Authorship was not till the yar 1760, when he 
produced his Farce of " Love a la Mode; a dra-*- 
matte imrceauy which, though it bad many ene» 
mies to combat with^ from pe^rsonal prejudices,, 


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415 ifxiffOiRs or 

has long since surmounted them, and given to 
the author the merited rank of an able comic 

Having now produced a piece which would 
stand the test of time, he was ambitious of pro- 
ducing a Comedy which would carry the same 
seeds of longevity; and for this purpose, without 
consulting books, which are very often but the 
multiplied copies of fanciful originals, he sought 
his principal characters from his own long expe- 
rience of life, and of the Stage; and \nth these 
aids produced a Comedy, which, considered for 
regularity of plot, strength of character, and 
Tcnowledge of the world, will remain a favourite 
on the stock list, whilst there are performers 
found capable of supporting so arduous and dis- 
criminating a part as that of Sir Pertinax Mao 

To the praises of this Comedy, the time of life 
he produced it in should not be forgotten, (near 
or above fourscore;) an age when the great ge- 
nerality of mankind have long ceased from their 
kbours, and which, if they survive, possess no 
minds capable of deep reflection and combina- 
tion: but Macklin*s mind seemed to have grown 
like the oak, long maturing, and long flourishing; 
as, during the time of his writing it, he wrote 
with all the ardour and love of fame incident to 

a young 

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a ydung uuthor, who was to lay the foundation, 
and reap the benefits, of future celebrity. *• When 
I finish this, Sir, (says he one day, reading some 
of the loose sheets of his Comedy to a friend,) I 
have another upon the stocks, which I think will 
not disgrace me; and then. Sir, you may depend 
tipon it, I shall no longer procrastinate writing 
my own life.'* Such was the unusual gaiety of 
hope that fluttered about the heart of this extra- 
ordinary man. 

Macklin, therefore, is only to be judged as ati 
author by these two last pieces, (for, to say the 
truth, his former productions should only be con- 
sidered as so many efforts of an uneducated mind 
labouring at perfection;) and as such, we must 
plac^ him considerably elevated on the drama- 
tic scale ; for though he does not possess the wit 
of some, or the classic diaolgue and novelty of 
others, his characters are drawn with truth and 
precision ; his language is appropriated to those 
characters; and, in the management of his plots, 
they are so simply, yet judiciously constructed, 
that, although we believe he never read Aristotle's 
Poetics, they partake of many of his best in* 

Upon the whole, we are warranted in pronoun- 
cing him a very respectable author r and had he 
been early and properly educated, and brought 

Ee out 

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4a S^ 1CEM0IR8 Of 

out unHcr the auspices of ^ood compiany, and aa 
easy fortune, there is every reason to suppose 
(from the uncommon strength of his. natural ob-r 
servation) that he would have stood in the very 
first class of English dramatic writers* 

We are now to revfew this veteran of the Stage 
in his last, yet most-to-be-esteemed character—^ 
that of 3. man — a character compared to which, 
talents, and the highest literary reputation^ "are 
but as tinkling cymbals." 

To the great generality, who only saw Macklia 
at a stage distance^ and in his principal chkracter 
of Shtflock, we have no doubt, impressions have 
been ignorantly received against his private cha^ 
racter, arising from those combinations, that iid-» 
turally enough slide into the inexperienced mind^ 
** that he who plays a villainous character so well, 
must have some corresponding qualities of the 
heart:" nor is even the applause that an Actor re- 
ceives nrider this circumstance (whatever his real 
merit be) so loud and general, as in the perfor- 
mance of suffering or triumphant virtue. Cibber 
accounts for this in the following shrewd obser** 

" When virtue is applauded, the spectator gives 
part of it to himself; because his applause, at the 
same time, lets others about him se^ that he him-t 

3 self 

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sflf admires it: but when a wicked action is going 
fOTWRtd, when an lagb is meditating revenge and 
mischief, though art and nature may be equally 
strong' in the Actor, the spectator is shy of his 
applause,* 'lest he should, in some sort, be looked 
upon as an aider or abettor of the wickedness 
in view ; and therefore rather chuses to rob the 
^Actor of the praise he may merit, than give it 
him in a character which he would have you see 
his silence modestly discourages. From the sanxe 
fond principle, many Actors have made it a pointy 
to be seen in parts sometimes, even flatly written, 
only because they stood in the favourable light* 
of honour and virtue." 

But, lest any of the film of this prejudice should 
remain on the public eye, relative to Macklin as a 
man, we shall review him abstracted from all 
Stage characters: and here it will be found, that 
he put off the masks of Shyloch and lago at the 
Stage door, entering into the superior characters 
of the honest and benevolent mati on the great 
theatre of the world. * 

W,e have before observed, that he entered into 
life under an inauspicious planet, which might 
fibr some time have hurried him down the stream 
of vice and dissipation. But ^\ hatever Ij^pses he 
might have made when imperious necessity over- 
riiled him,, from that part of his life which com- 

E e 2 ' . menced 

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429 liEHOIRS OF 

menced upon the English Stage, his general c&A^ 
duct has been marked with an integrity and be- 
nevolence which do credit to his memory, 

, In respect to his public situation, he had many 
trials, as it was his lot (partly^ perhaps, arising 
^rom natural temper, and partly from the unavoid- 
able accidents of life) to be engaged in many 
controversies, in which others as well as himself 
were concerned ; and though he might sometimes 
incline a little too much to rigid justice^ we be- 
fieve it arose niore from a self-abhorrence of doing 
wron^y than any sinister or disputatious views. 

Many proofs might be given of this, and parti- 
cularly his agreement with Garrick, and other 
performers, to stand or fall together, in opposition 
to Fleetwood, the then Manager of Drury Lane 
I'heatre; for though Garrick, from prudential 
reasons, thought fit to break through this agree- 
ment, Macklin stood firm to his engagement to 
the last; nor could the seduction of Garrick's 
offered benevolence, nor the calamities usually at- 
tending on a disengaged Actor, nor the forlora 
hope of fighting singly, shake him from his pur- 
pose — ^^ till, Sir," says he, ** the fears of starving 
myself arid family y made me stoop to do that which 
others oiight to have rescued me from." 

It was likewise to his firmness and resolution iin 
' supporting the rights of his theatrical brethren, 


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that iJiey bave been relieved from a species of op* 
pression, to which they had been ignominiously 
subjected for many years, whenever the caprice or 
malice of their enemies chose to exert itself. We 
allude to the prosecution which he commenced 
and carried on against a certain class of insignifi" 
eantSy who, calling themselves the public^ used 
frequently to disturb the entertainment of the 
Theatre, to the terror of the Actors, as well as the 
annoyance and disgrace of the town. His gene- 
rosity on this occasion shotild not be omitted, as 
it shewed the purity of his sentiments in carrying 
on the prosecution ; for no sooner had he esta- 
blished the legal rights of the Theatre, and had his 
enemies in his grasp, than he let them off for a 
small remuneration for himself; contented with 
the higher reward of being serviceable to the 
rights of his profession. 

Indeed, Macklin's character for punctuality and 
integrity, was so well and long established, that 
very often, when the Irish Manager's credit was 
so low, that some of the higher performers would 
not rely on it, Maeklin's verbal security was al- 
ways accepted as a bond; and he never once 
gave an instance of its being, defective, though 
often considerably to his own cost. 

In the wsilks of private life, he carried the same 
justice and punctuality ; for wlietber fixed in 

Jl e 3 winter 

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winter quarters, or strolling through the country, 
he always discharged every current debt at the 
end of the season, or his temporary engagement ; 
and for this purpose he had a quarto bound book, 
in which he entered the receipts of the different 
tradesmen. Many a time have we seen him 
trudging through the streets with this book un- 
der his arm ; and on being challenged on the par- 
ticularity of his method, he used to reply, ^* Sir, 

I keep this as a check upon my tradesmen — ^for 
those kind of people are sometimes troubled with 
short memorieSj and can remember nothing out of 
book — so,. Sir, this gives them their cues occa^ 

In his private charities, and kindnesses, he was 
ever prompt, both with his purse and advice, re- 
lieving many of the inferior performers in their 
distress, and recommending them to different 
engagements. Upon all occasions, he was ready 
to subscribe to any charity that was recommend- 
ed, or presented itself to him as meritorious, and 
sometimes at the expence of his prudence, as was 
the case on the death of the late Dr. Frederick 

Mr. Glover had been originally on the Dublin 
Stage, where Macklin knew him ; and to know 
him, it was impossible not to be attached to him ; 
fox if ever man possessed the often caia^nitous se- 

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cret of being a fascinating jolly companion, it wai 
him — ^he bad wit, reading, anecdote, with a per- 
petual fund of good humour to set them in mo- 
tion, and a total absence of all worldly cares. 
This man, with whom Macklin spent many ia joy- 
ous night, happened to die suddenly, leaving his 
family, as is usual with these kind of choice 
ispirits, in great distress. Some friends imme^ 
drately opened a subscription for them ; which 
Macklin no sooner heard of, than, with a tear of 
sympathy rolling down his old iron cheeks, he 
hurried into the city, and paid down his ten 
pounds for their immediate relief. This happened 
about the year 1786, when his own finances were 
very inadequate to such a bounty ; as in so short 
a time as seven years afterwards, through age and 
inability, he .was obliged to ask the same relief 
himself. The public, very much to their honour; 
admitted the justice of his claims : and he had 
not only the satisfaction of seeing hiftiself respect- 
ed by this liberal notice of him, but literally to 
experience the reward held out by Scripture, 
*'- He that giveth to the poor, lendeth to the 
Lord," &c. 

In respect to Macklin's character, as it stood at 
the head of his family, (which consisted of a wife, 
a son, and daughter,) nothing could be more cor- 
rect and respectable ; for though he zvould ride be- 
fore sometimes, this once understood, and sub- 
E e 4 mitted 

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4£4 MEMOias OF 

mitted to, every thing was conducted with libe- 
rality and propriety. His daughter, he rather 
educated above the par of his fortune, or expecta- 
tion ; but as he designed her for the Stage, this 
may be his excuse. Nothing was spared to ac- 
complish her in the highest degree— Music, 
dancing, French, Italian, &c. insomuch that it 
appeared, on his bankruptcy, no less a sum than 
twelve hundred pounds had been expended on 
her education. She had talents to imbibe these 
instructions with advantage tD herself in her pro- 
fession ; which, indeed, were her principal advan- 
tages ; 3s her natural genius for the Stage, inde- 
pendent of these qualifications, was not alone suf- 
ficient to give her any considerable rank in the 

His conduct to his son deserves particular no- 
tice ; as he jiot only took care to give him the' 
best education, in his power^ to fit him for the 
many situations which the versatility of the boy*s 
temper led him to, but constantly added the best 
and most forcible advice relative to his moral cha- 
racter. Speaking of Macklin as a man^ there is 
nothing \i^hich points out his innate character 
more, than his letters to his son on this subject. 
They are not the letters of a man writing with a 
view to aggrandize himself or family ; they do not 
consist, either in the frivolous exteriors of educa- 
tion, or the saws and subtleties of mere worldly 


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prudence, or with a view to the parade of literary 
ahilities — they are the warm effusions of his own 
heart, appreciating the high value of moral cha-- 
racter; and he inculcates this leading principle 
with all the authority of his long experience with 
the world, and the anxious solicitude of a tender, 
benevolent father. 

The world has, from time to time, been present- 
ed with letters on various occasions ; many of 
which, though wrftten by men of genius and in- 
tegrity, smell more of the /jwip than the heart; 
zfiA are relished more as the productions of a 
scholar, than the man of long experience. But 
if all the letters which Macklin wrote to his son 
and daughter, were properly collected and arrang- 
ed, we have no doubt they would be found a very 
useful and entertaining volume. They would 
tell us, what few men from themselves are privi- 
leged to tell U5, the many temptations which at- 
tach to the inequalities of life— the miseries of 
pjoverty, and the vices which sudden and high 
fortunes are subject to. They would calculate 
for us the value of time, the riches of health and 
industry, the pride of independence, the calami- 
tics and contempts which follow prodigality ; and, 
above all, the grand secret of being useful and 
conciliating to our fellow-creatures. From what 
we have seen of these letters, and from those which 
yft have heard to be in the late Miss Macklin's pos- 

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session, we have a right to expect these benefits, as 
well as to conclude, they might more strongly in* 
culcate this useful and never*to-be-forgotten max- 
im, ** That honestt is the best polict."* 

As a man of general knowledge, Macklin drew 
his information much more from the world than 
from books : not that he was altogether unread, 
being tolerably well versed in history and belles- 
lettres ; but not being early instructed in any 
species of logical distinction, Or educated to any 
one stience, or formed on any basis of progressive 
school education, all his book knowledge was ac- 
quired by snatches (and that too in maturer age) 
from the duties of his profession. Hence, when 
he attempted to bring it forward in tx)nversation, 
at least for any continuance, it was loose and de- 
sultory. What he had forgotten in authors, he 
could not supply from himself; hence he grew 
embarrassed and confused ; and the least rub of 
contradiction threw him still more off his guard; 
60 that he not unfrequently supplied with rude* 
ness what he wanted in conversation. 

It was said of him, that, sensible of this defect 
in his education, he occasionally read in the mam- 
ingj for the purpose of shewing off at night : and 
Foote, who took upon him to assert this, states 


* For a specimen of these letters, see the Appendix* 

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the following instance, which happened under his 
own immediate knowledge. 

Macklin being engaged to sup with some men of 
science, where Foote was of the party, and being 
ambitious of cutting a figure independent of com- 
mon conversation, had prepared himself in the 
morning, by reading a philosophical treatise on 
the properties of gunpowder. This, one would 
suppose, was rather an anomalous subject for 
common conversation, and rather difficult to be 
introduced ; but whether it was his only book at 
hand, or whether it was the eccentric turn of his 
mind, this was the great gun he hnd prepared to 
fire off that evening. A long time, however, 
elapsed before an opportunity presented itself; 
and probably a much longer time would have 
elapsed, if Macklin had not thought of an expe- 
dient, by suddenly starting from his chair, and 
exclaiming, *^ Good G— • ! was not that a gun 
fired off?" — *^ A gun !" cried the company, in 
amaze.—" Aye ! there it is again," says he ; 
*^ and I'm sure some accident has happened be- 
low stairs." Upon this the landlord was called 
up ; who soon satisfying the company there was 
no such thing, Macklin then took up the cue : 
" Well," says he, " though my hearing has been 
deceived in respect to the report of a gun, yet the 
properties of gunpowder are in many other respects 
of a very singular nature ;" and then went on in 


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that track of reading he had previously instructed 
himself in, with great parade of philosophical 

His conversation, abstracted from this, was 
lively, humorous, shrewd, and generally etiter- 
taini»g— always— save and excepting flat contra* 
, dictions, or questions that he could not readily 
answer. These embarrassed him, and he would 
often reply in the rudest manner. 

His best conversation was the Stage, and anec- 
dotes of former times. In the first, he shewed 
himself much a master of his art ; and, indeed, 
the close application which he paid to his profes- 
sion through life, deserved to have so much at- 
tention remunerated with superior knowledge. 
He had particular studies and annotations, not 
only on the characters he generally played hiiti- 
self, but on many others ; so that he could rea- 
dily recur to the passages where the poet helped 
the actor, and where the actor must depend more 
on himself He was bred too in a school, where 
the chastity of acting was better understood than 
it is at present Then, it had its marks and boup-? 
daries ; now, either too much is left for, or too 
much is assumed by, the actor. 

As to anecdotes, he was rich in ; not merely a§ 
matter of fact, but coupled with observations on 


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those facts, and the diflference of times, which 
rendered his company, occasionally, very enter- 
taining and improving. But man is of that mixed 
character, that few can escape inequalities of 
mind. Cromwell, when he attempted to play the 
orator, was fanatical and confused^-when the 
soldier, and active statesman, clear, bold, and de* 
cisive. Macklin, on the same line of inequality, 
when he attempted, to shew off his reading, was 
tedious, and embiarrassed beyond measure— but 
when he gave us his experience of life, he evi- 
dently shewed he did not live inattentively. 

But as men are, perhaps, best exhibited by some 
little familiar strokes in their character, we shall 
emleavour to recollect some of those sallies of con-' 
versation which distinguished Macklin, and which 
will at once shew the natural strength of his mind, 
and the coarseness of his original education. 

Being refuted in a matter of fact, relative to 
black letter reading, by a dignitary of the church, 
and the company exclaiming, • * Well, Mr. Mack- 
lin, what do you say now ?" He growled out, 
** Say, Sir; why I say, (looking the other full in 
the face,) that black letter men, by G — d, will 
lie like other people." 

A person 

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A person praising Garrick's generosity upon a 
certain occasion, he quickly replied, " Did you 
see ;this yourself, Sir?" ** No, Sir; but I heard of 
it*'' *' Aye, hear of it, (sarcastically) — ^yes, by 
G-r-, you'll hear a great many things of this kind 
of Ganrick, for he has toad-eaters in every comer 
-^and the fellow will talk a great deal himself of 
cibaiity,. generosity, &c. whilst he is at his own 
table ;. but let him once turn the corner of South- 
ampton Street, and meet the ghost of a farthing^ 
all his. resolutions will vanish into air/' 

A notorious Egotist one day, in a large com-^ 
pany, indirectly praising himself for a number of 
good qualities which it was well known he had 
not, asked Macklin the reason why he should 
have this propensity of interfering in the good of 
others, when he frequently met with very unsuit- 
able returns ? " I could tell you, Sir," says Mack- 
lin. " Well do, Sir ; you're a man of sense and 
observation, and I should be glad of your defini- 
tion." — " Why then. Sir— the cause is impudence 
—nothing but stark-staring impudence." 

A gentleman at a public dinner asking him, in* 
considerately, Avhether he remembered Mrs. Bar- 

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ly, the celebrated' Actress, wha died about the 
Ifttter end of Queen Antoe'js reign, he planted his 
countenance directly against him with great se^ 
verity, and bawled out^ " No, Sir — nor Harry 
the Eighth; either^ — they were both dead before 
my time.'* 

An Irish dignitary of the church (mot remarka- 
ble for veracity) complaining that a tradesman 
of his parish had called him a liar^ Macklin asked 
him iirlmt reply he made him. " I told him, ** 
said be, *' that a lie was amongst. the things I 
ilared i)ot commit." *^ And why, Doctor/' re- 
plied Msacktin, " did yon give the, rascal ^o mean 
an opinion of your courage T*^ 

One of the band of Covent Garden Theatre, 
who played the French horn, waS telling some 
anecdotes of Garrick's generosity. Macklin, who 
heard him at the lower end of the table, and who 
always fired at the praises of Garrick, called out, 
^^ Sir, I believe you are a trumpeter.'^ ** Well, 
Sir," said the poor man, quite confounded, "and 
if I am, w^hat then?" " Nothing more. Sir, than 
being a trumpeter, you are a dealer in puffs by 


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Ohe iiight, sitting at the back of the ftont 
febkes with a gentleman of his acquaintance, (be* 
fore the late alterations at Covent Garden Thea- 
tre took place,) one of the under-bred box-lobby 
loungers of tiie present day stood up immediately^ 
before him, whose person being rather large, co-*' 
vered the sight of the Stage entirely from him. 
Macklin took fire at this ; but managing himself 
with more temper than usual, patted him gently 
on the shoulder with his cane, and, with much 
seeming civility, requested of him, ".that when 
he saw or heard any thing that was entertaining 
on the Stage, to let him, and the gentleman with 
him, know of it: for you see, my dear Sir, "add* 
cd the veteran, ** that at present we must total- 
ly depend on your kindness." This had the de- 
sired effect-— and the lounger walked off. 

Another time sitting nearly in the same place, 
a Noble Lord, since dead, rather of a suspicious 
character In his amours, placed himself close by 
him, and entered into conversation with him. Af- 
ter his Lordship went away, a friend of Macklin's 
was rallying him on the awkwardness of his late 
situation. " Why yes, Sir," says he, " it wa* 
rathijr critical, I must confess: but what could 
I do? He offered me the first civilities; and you 
know there's no tmming one's back upon such 


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Talking of the caution necessary to be nseA in 
conversation amongst a mixed company, Mack- 
lin observed, "Sir, I have experienced, to my 
eo&t, that a man, in any situation of life, should; 
never be off his gmTd-^ A Scotchman never is; he 
never lives a moment estempore, and that is one 
great reason of their success in life." 

In a continuation of the same subject, he used 
to say, vitli some feeling of his former impru-^ 
dence^ ** It is a long . time before men learn the 
art of neutralizing in coTvoersation. I have, for a 
great part of my Kfe, been endeavouring at it, 
T>ut twas never able to act up to it as I wished. 
I could never sit .still, hearing people assert what 
I thought wrong things, without labouring to 
set them right; and, often putting myself in a pas- 
sion,, without considering how kw people in mix* 
ed companies are worth powder and shot, and 
how difficult it is to correct the errors of others, 
when we feel ourselves so wedded to our own. 
But this folly generally attaches to men of inex- 
perience, and lively imaginations : your dull fel- 
lows know better; tliey have little hut neutrality 
to trust to, and soon find out the policy of it." 

F f Discussing 

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454 3rEJHoiRs or 

Discussing one night, at the Globe Tavern, on 
the merit of some dramatic character, a. brother 
performer present, retorted .with some tartness, as 
if he had said, '^ he was a better Actor than him- 
self;" upon which Macklin got up, and, with very- 
becoming dignity, replied, " No, Sir, I did not 
say a better Actor — I said an older Actor.'' 

Macklin M^as very intimate wit|i Frank Hay- 
man, (at that time one of our first historical 
painters,) and happening tp call in upon him one 
morning, soon after the death of the painter's wife, 
(with whom he lived but on indifferent terms,) 
he found him wrangling with the undertaker 
about the extravagance of the funeral expences. 
Macklin listened to the altercation for some time: 
at last going up to Hajrman, with great gravity 
he observed, ** Come, come, Frank; though the 
bill is a little extravagant, pay it in respect to 
the memory of your poor wife : for, by G — I 
am sure she would do twice as much for you, 
liad she the same opportunity." 

When Macklin was in Dublin, on one of his 
theatrical trips, Reddhhj a vain, conceited man, 
belonging to the same company, (and who gave 


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it out he teas a gentleman of easy fortune^) was 
playing a character, where, in reading a book, it 
was necessary, on the approach of another person, 
to throw it aside. Reddish, however, threw the 
book into a rivulet, supposed to be at the bottom 
of the garden* On this, a gentleman in the Pit 
whispered Macklin, ** Is it usual for actors to 
throw away their books thus?" " Why no, Sir, 
(replied Macklin,) not for an Actor: hut a Geiitle-^ 
man of easy foi^tune^ you know, ^an afford it/' 

But, notwithstanding some biting parts of 
M-acklin's character, his conversation, at other 
times, was hberal, pleasant, and instructive ; and 
he generally observed upon common things, in 
his own way, with singular force and perspicuity. 
Speaking of one of our late Naval victories durin^* 
the American Av^ar, he exclaimed, ** Ah, Sir! an 
English man of M^ar is the thing after all.-rrShe 
speaks all languages — is the best negociator, and 
the most profound politician, in this island — She 
was always Oliver Cromwell's Ambassador— r-She is 
one of the honestest Mihisters of State that evej* 
existed, and never tells a lie — Xor will she suffer 
the proudest rrcnchman, Dutchman, or Spaniard, 
to ban)booz)e her, or give her a Sf^pcy answer." 

rf^ Such 

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Such was Macklin ! who may be estimated as 
a man by the character given by Dr. Johnson of 
the late Mr. Thomas Sheridan, *' that were man- 
kind divided into two classes of good and badj he 
would stand considerably within the ranks of the 

The follmcing is a List of the several Characters 

performed by Mr. Macklin in London^ 

from the year 1734 /o 1781. 



sd Grave digger, 


Captain Strut, 

Double Gallant. 

Peter Nettle^ 

The What H'ye 

Sancho, , 

Love Makes a Man. 

call It. 

Clincher, jun. 

Constant Couple. 


Squire of Alaatia* 


Merlin; or, The De- 

> Young Cash| 

Wife's Relief. 

vil at Stonehenge. 


Mock Doctor. 

Tho. Appletree, 

, Recruiting Officer. 




Henry IV. 

Boor Servant* 

Burgo Master 








Virgin Unmasked, 


Henry IV. 


Busy Bddy. 


Poor Pierrot Mar« 


Way of the World. 



The Plot a Panto- 


Amorous Widow. 





Beggar's Opera, ^ 


Cure for a Scold. 

Sir Hugh Evani, 

Merry Wives of 


Merry Cobicr. 



Trick for Trick. 


Double Gallant. 





Capuin Weaze), 


Drunken Colonel, Intriguing Cham- 

Devil Henpecked. 



Beggar's Wed ding. 


Love's Last Shift. 


Provoked Wife. 




Twin Rivals. 






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Count Basset, 

Provoked Hus- 

Mad WelshmiD, 



Numpa, • 

Tender Huslwind. 


Love forXofC* 

Morocco Servant, 

Fall of Phaeto^. 






Old Bachelor. 




Virgin Unmasked 





Busy Body. 


ad Part of Henry. Mo delove^ 

Bold Stroke for f 







Harlequin &iif* 


Uriiversal Passion. 


Beau Mordecai 

Harlot's Progress. 

Don Choleric, 

Love makes a 

Lord FrotJi, 

Double Dealef. 




Clincher, sen. 

Comtant Couple. 


Silent Woman. 

Old Mirabel, 



Mock Doctor* 

Mock Doctor. 



Tim Peascod* 

What d'ye caU 

Jerry B!aekaei«, 

Plain Dealer* 



Harlequin Gram 

L John Moody, 

Provoked Huf- 




Bayes, ' 

Coffee House. 

Sir Novelty Fashion, Love's Lait Shifts 

Orange Woman, 

Man of Mode 

Sir John Daw, 

Silent Woman. 

Lord Foppington 

, Careless Hus- 

Lord Lace, 




Amorous Wi- 

Lord FoppingtoD] 





Sir William Belfond« Squire of Alsatia. 

Man of Taste, 

Man of Taste. 


Recruiting Offi- 


Rival Queens. 



Love for Love. 





Hospital for 





Twin Rivals. 


Britons Strike 









J^obin Good 

Fondle wife, 

Old Bachelor. 


Drunken Man, 



Love for Love. 



Sir Polydore Hog- 


Conscious Lo- 






She Would and 



SbcWould Not. 

Sir Joliii Linger, 

Pt#liie Conversa- 


Strata i^ca>. 




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Sir Jasper Fidget, 

Conntry Wifei 

' • . 


Sir Francis Wrongs 

Provoked Hua- 

Kol BlufF 

Old Bachelor. 



Mr. Stedfast, 

•Wedding Day. 

Toby GmzU^ . 

Rural Sport9« ^ 


Jane Shore. 


Royal Merchant 


Feti^ Maitre, 

Enchanted Gar- 









Mai vol io. 

Twelfth Night. 



Merchant of Ve- 





Strollers. .. 


Henry VII. 

Old Woman, 

Rulea WifeJnd Sir John Brute, 

Provoked Wife. 

Have a Wife. 


Recruiting Ofe. 


As You Like It. 


Dromio of Syracuse, Comedy of Er- 


Tempest. ' 



Sir John Airy, 

She Gallants. 



Sir Roger, 

Scornful Lady. 


Spanish Fryar. 


Lying Lover. 


Capt. Cadwallader, Humours of the 


Alps Well that 


15nds Well. 

Sir Gilbert Wrangle, Refusal. 


Vol pone. 


Sir Paul Pliant, 

Double Dealer. 

Major Bramble, 

, Fine Ladies Airs. 

Queen DoIlaloUa, 

Tom Thumb. 



Rigdum Funnidos, 



Miss in her 




Miss Lucy in 


Suspicious Hus« 



1st Grave Digger, 





♦ This Play was revived the 14th of February ip this year. As the cast of 
the characters may, at this time, be an object of curiosity, we shall here insert 
it. The 19th night of its performance was for Mr. Macklin's benefit. 

Antonio - 

Mr. Quin. 

Lorenzo - 

Mr. Havj^rd. 

lJ^s?anio - 

Mr. Milward. 

prince of Arragoii 

Mr. Turbutt. 

Giatiano - 

Mr. Mills. 


Mr. Winstone. 


Mr. Macklin, 

Tubal • - 

Mr. Taswell. 


Mr. Chi-pman. 

Solarino - 

Mr. Ridout. 

Cobl>o - 

Ml, Johnson. 


Mrs. Clive. 


Mr. Berry. 

Nerissa • 

Mrs. Pritchard. 

Morochius • • 

Mr. Cashcll. 

Jessica - 

Mis. Woodman* 

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CHA11I.E8 MA(iKi:iN. 4^9" 



Henry V. 


Fair Penitent, 


Covent Gardea 




Loven Melan- 




Englishman in 

Widow Be- 





Sir Archy 

Mac Sar- Love a la Mode. 





■ Drummer. 


Don Manuel* 

She Would and 

Lord Belv 

ille. Married Liber. 

SheWould Not. tine. 

Sir Oliver Cock- SheWould if She 1767. 

wood. Could. Murrough O'Dog* 

Mercutio, Romeo & Juliet. herty, I rbh Fine Lady. 

1752. _ 1773- 

Bpmaby Bridle, Amorous Wi- Macbeth, Macbeth. 

dow* 1775- 

Lopez, False Friend. Richard II L Richard III. 

Sir Wilful Wit- Way of the 1781. 

wou'd, World. Sir Pertinax Mac , Man of the 

Ix)pez, l^listakc. Sycophant, World. 

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440 M£MOIBS b» 


€!opy of an Original Letter fram Mr. Macklin io 
his Daughter, dated Dubliny Febrtcary9,l, 1764, 
dnd addressed to Miss Maria Macklin^ Henrietta 
Street f Caveni Garden, London. 

Dublin, ' Tuesday, February 21, 1 764. 

Dear Poll, 

Yours of the 28th of January I received 
some tune ago, and this inst. that of the l6th 
inst. and I am glad to find that even the expecta- 
tion of a new Farce from me, or the hopes of see- 
ing me in London to play for your Benefit, has 
had sufficient influence on you to make you punc- 
tual in answering my letter. As to lending you 
a new Farce, I cannot pay so ill a compliment to 
you, the public, or my own fame, as to send you 
one that I had not been nice about; nay, rather 
more so than if it had been for my own benefit 
or emolument as an author. Your character has 
been nicely conducted hitherto, even in your pro- 
fession, as well as in that of real life; and I hope 
you will scorn to oflTer the public a piece merely 


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to fill your Galleries, or your Houses. No, you^ 
have been nicely conducted, I say, hitherto ; con- 
tinue it even about your Benefit I have always 
loved the conscious worth of a good action more 
than the profit that would arise from a mean, or a 
bad one; and, depend upon it, there is a wealth 
in diat way of thinking; and I feel the value of 
it at this instant, and in every vicissitude of my 
life, but particularly in those of the adverse kind. 
Had it been ii^ my power to have sent you a piece 
worthy of your Night and Fame, be assured I 
would, but it was not in my power. I have 
written a great deal this winter; but I find the 
taore I write, and the older I grow, the harder I 
am to be pleased. I do not know whether I told 
you in my last that I am reduced, in my suste*; 
nance, entirely to fish, herbage, puddings, of 
spoon-meat, not being able to chew any meat 
harder than a French botiillee. And now I have 
told you, what am I the better? But old age, 
and inva-lids, think all their friends are obliged 
to attend to their infirmities* I am mightily glad 
to think that your House will be tolerable, at 
all events ; for, I would not have you have a bad 
one for more tlxan the value of it Pray send me 
word what you think of taking for your Bene- 
fit, and your day, as soon as ever it is fixt Do 
not miss a post, and send me an exact account 
of the fate of Midas. You are the worst corres- 
pondent in the world. You sent me no account 

Gg of 

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44$ MEMOIRS or 

of Miss Davis's illness, and Miss Brent's, nor thd 
causes, gr theatrical consequences ; nor of Mis5 
Poitier's engagement, Miss Houghton's leaving 
the Stage, Miss B— 's promotion to infamy with 
Calcraft. All this is news, and suchlike; and 
all the theatrical tittle-tattle and squibble-squabble. 
With us, Miss Catley is with child ; is in grpat 
vogue for her singing, and draws houses; has 
been of great service to Mossop. My ** True-? 
bom Scotchman" is not yet come out: but it i3 
highly admired, both by the actors and some la^r 
dies and gentlemen of the first taste and fashion, 
to whom I have read it, both for its satire, cha- 
racters, writing, moral, and fable; and, indeed, 
I think well of it myself, but not so well as they 
do. On Monday, the 5th of March, I think, it 
will be out. I have just read the Philaster that 
was done at Drury Lane; it is a lamentable thing* 
O, I had like to have forgotr— the ship by which 
you sent the ' box is not yet come in. Pray in 
your writing never write coul<rnf, shan'tj woulSnf^ 
nor any abbreviation whatever. It is vulgar, rude, 
ignorant, jmlettered, and disrespectful; should 
W>ty shall not, S^c. Sfc. is the true writing. Nor 
never write M. Macklin: pray who is M? it is 
the highest ill-breeding ever to abbreviate any 
word ; but particularly a name, besides the un^ 
Intelligibility of it. Pray bow does this look ? 
ff I am, Sr, 



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tnARZti MACKLIK. 443 

' Mind— always write your words at length, and 
liever make the vile apologies in your letters of 
he'mg greatly hurriisd wit k business; or, and must 
now conclude^ as the Post is this instant gtnng out. 
Hien, why did you not begin sooner? You see 
I am nothing with you, if not critical; andso^^ 
ftt fulljength, I am, my dear, your most affec- 
tipQ^e awd ap^dous Father, 


P/^. your account that you are in health and 
spirits rejoices me. I never was better \xl health, 
or content. If I can contrive it, I mil be over, 
with you; but do npt depei^d on any body buj; 
yourselft Q. I^ 

The letters of MacWin to his Son, whilst \x% 
Indi^ we have seen, and they contain not only 
the most affectionate regards of a father, but 
some of the most excellent precepts for the go- 
vernment of human life. What still render these 
letters more creditable to Macklin, is, his noble 
contempt for money, when necessary to the ho- 
poiir and interest of his son, and his never-failing 
^dyice to him for attaining and preserving the 
character of i>f tegrity. 


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In one o£ these letters he says, *^ Tlieie is no 
quality that commands more respect than inte^ 
grity; ncfat freedom and mdependencCy more than 
eco^qmy^. They are all I have, with industry, to 
depeiid upon; and should you make th^m the 
rulers of your conduct, you must hp happy; 
\t^ithoufe them, you never can." 

And in another letter he says, " Let me repeat 
this doctrine to you, that he who depends upon 
continued industry and integrity^ depends upon 
patrons of the noblest, the most exalted kind; 
they more than supply the place of birth and an- 
cestry, or even of Royal patronage: they are the 
creators of fortune and fame^ the fbundert of fa* 
jnilies, and never can disappoint or desert you." 

'rlattd by T. M»<<Ien, Sheitionie I 
Lombard (u-ect* 

! ^ 

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.CAS E, 

M R. - M A C K L I ;Ni 


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M. '^^ 

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C AS E, 
MR. M A C K L I N 



Mejf. Clarke^ Aldys^ Lee^ James ^ and Miles. 


Bookfcllcri, NS 4, St Andrew's Street, New Town. 

Pkick TiiRtspeHCC* 

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Kot! 18. ]V/I"R MACKLIN, who had attempt* 
XTX ed the charadler of Macbeth at 
the Theatre in Covent Garden, having 
given offence to the Town, by fome 
hafty accufations, without fufficient 
proof, againft two or three brother 
players, for interrupting him in his 
performance, was dlfcharged from that 
Theajtre, by order of a numerous Au- 
dience, affembled, as it Ihould feem, 
for that purpofe. On the curtain being 
drawn up, the cry was, No Ivlacklin ! 
and it increafed fo much, that, to 
prevent the houfe from being pulled to 
A 3 pieces, 

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( 6 ) 

pieces, the Managers complied with 
their defires, and publicly difcharged 
him: after which, there being no play 
ready, the money was returned, and 
the people difperfed. 

1774. jvIr Macklin moved the Court of 

Feb. IX. 

King's Bench, againft feveral perfons, 
for hiffing and otherwife infulting 
him, the laft night he appeared . in 
Co vent Garden Theatre, to perform 
the part of Shylock ; for preventing 
his going through the character ; and 
likewife for the lofs of his bread* 
The motion was rejedled, it being ob- 
ferved, that as the Theatres were opea 
for the reception and entertainment 
of that part of the Public who paid 
for their admiffion, the Audience had 
a right to applaud, condemn, nay re- 
jed what Performer? they thought 
proper; but if any unjuft combinatioa 
was formed previous to the opening of^ 


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( 7 ) 

the houfe, an aiSion at Common Law 
might be grounded: But in the in- 
ftance then before the Court, there 
did nqt appear any room for fuch 
pica; and therefore, he was advifed to 
make his peace with the Town as 
fpeedily as poflible. Mr Macklin had 
retained the Attorney and Solicitor- 
General, bcfides MefT Dunning, Wal- 
lace, 8cc.— ^It is faid, Mr Macklin had 
74 affidavits ready to produce. 

The Court of King^s Bench was 
moved by Mr Dunning on behalf of 
Mr Macklin, for a Rule on fix Gen- 
tlemen, to fliew caufe why an inform- 
ation fhould not be filed againft them 
for a riotous confpiracy to deprive 
Mr Macklin of his livelihood, by 
forcing the Managers of Covent Gar- 
den Theatre to difcharge Mr Macklin 
therefrom on the 1 8th November lafl:; 
which Rule the Court was pleafed tq 

grant accordingly. 


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( 8 ) 

, '''^'*' Came on before the Court of King^s 

June II. o 

Bench at Weftminfter, the Complaint 
of Mr 'Macklin againft fix perfons 
for a riotous confpiracy, founded on 
private premeditated malice, to de- 
prive the faid Mr Macklin of his 
bread, by caufing him to be expelled 
the Theatre laft Winter. The Court 
was pleafed to grant an information 
againft all but Mr Sparks. The Bench 
recommended it to the Gentlemen tcj 
make reftitution to Mr Macklin, and 
to compromise the matter^ without 
bringing the caufe to trial, 

1775^ • 

Feb, 44. Cause of Macklin againft Clarke^^ 

Aldys, Le^, James, and Miles, came on 

to be trie4 by way of indidlment, in 

the Court of King's Bench, before Mr 

Juftice Afton and a fpecial Jury. The 

indidlment confifted of two counts j 

the firft fpecifying. That on the i8th 

November 1773, the defendants had 


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been guilty of a riot;— the other, that 
they had been guilty of a confpiracy ; 
both in order to caufe Mr Macklin to 
be difmifled from their Stage by the 
Patentees of Covent Garden Theatre. 
The Judge, after hearing the evidence, 
and fumming it up with accuracy and 
impartiality, defired the Jury to ex- 
ercife their judgement : And if they 
thought the defendants guilty of both 
counts, they were to find a verdidl 
generally ; if only of one count, th?y 
fhould find accordingly. The Jury 
then withdrew ; and^ in about twenty 
minutes, brought Clarke in guilty of 
the riot, and the others of the confpi* 
racy. — But judgement was deferred 
till next term. 

!^^^' Mr Justice Aston reported to the 

Court of King's Bench, his minutes 

of the evidence on the trial of Meflrs 

, Leigh, Miles, James, Adys, and Clarke, 

' on 

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( 10 ) 

on the 24th February laft j the four firft 
of whom were convided of aconfpiracy 
and riot, and the latter of a riot only, 
in Co vent harden Theatre, on the 1 8th 
November 1773, with intent to drive 
Mr Macklin from the Stage*— —Lord 
Mansfield obferved on the nature of 
the offence, — called it a national dif- 
grace, — and, in very fevere terms, 
reprobated the condu(5l 6f the parties 
concerned in it. He faid. In the firfk 
ftage of the bufinefs, he had urgently 
advifed the defendants to make Mr 
Macklin an adequate compenfation for 
the great damage he had fuftained j — 
that he then particularly pointed out 
as an advifeable meafure, the faving 
of the cofts, by putting, an .end to the 
matter at once j— that the law-expences 
were now fwellcd to an enormous fttm, 
which fuih the defendants themfelves 
had given rife to, by their obftinacy 
and want of prudence,— —Some time 


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( •• ) 

was fpcnt in the Courts, endeaTpuring 
to make an amicable adjuflment of the 
matter, and a final conclufion of it. 
Mr Colman was propofed as arbiter-* 
general, which the defendants unani- 
monfly agreed to; but Mr Colman 

declined the office. ^At length Mr 

Macklin, after recapitulating his griev- 
ances, informed the Court, that to (hew 
he was no Way revengeful, with which 
he had been charged, he would be fa- 
tisfied with the defendants paying his 
law - expences, taking one hundred 
|K)UQds worth of tickets on the night 
of his daughter*s benefit, a fecond 
hundred pounds worth on the night 
of his own benefit, and a third on one 
of the managers nights when beihould 
play. This plan, he obferved, was not 
formed on mercenary views : Its bafis 
was to give the defendants popularity, 

and reftore mutual amity. Lord 

Mansfield paid Mr Macklin very high 


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( lO 

Gompliments on the honourable com- 
plexion and lingular moderation of this 
propofal. His Lordfhip declared it did 
him the higheft credit;— that generofity 
was univerfally admired in this coun- 
try, and there was n6 manner of doubt 
but the Public at large would honour 
and applaud him for his lenity. His 
Lordfliip added further, that notwith- 
ftanding his acknowledged abilities as 
an Adlor, he never adled better in his 
life than he had that day. The pro- 
pofal was accepted by the jiarties, and 
the matter was thus ended. — During 
the courfe of the bufinefs, Lord ManC- 
field took occafion to obferve; that the 
right of hifling and applauding in a 
Theatre, was an unalterable right; but 
that there was a wide diftindion be- 
tween expreffing the natural fenfations 
of the mind as they arofe on what was 
feen and heard, and executing a pre- 
concerted defign, not only to hifs an 


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( 13 ) 

Adlor when he was playing a part in 
w^ich he was univerfally allowed to 
be excellent, but alfo to drive him 
from the Theatre, and promote his 
litter ruin. 

Soon after the above decifion, the 
Managers of Covent Garden Theatre 
met, and generoufly agreed to give up 
their claim to the hundred pounds 
worth of tickets. 


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